Sample records for quality assurance challenges

  1. Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive

    E-print Network

    Kotz, David

    Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems Janani Sriram Minho with the patient. the data may be gathered through a personal mobile device (such as a mobile phone), over and in this manner, we need a holistic system view that inspects contributions to risk and error in medical data

  2. European Approaches to Quality Assurance: Models, Characteristics and Challenges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Damme, D.

    2000-01-01

    Examines models, characteristics, and challenges of quality assurance in higher education in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, France, Finland, Italy, and Spain. Notes a common move toward institutional autonomy and output oriented steering, and the absence of accreditation procedures comparable to those in Anglo-Saxon countries. Finds…

  3. Nocturnal home hemodialysis: implementation, quality assurance and future challenges.

    PubMed

    Rioux, J P; Faratro, R; Chan, C T

    2010-03-01

    Nocturnal home hemodialysis (NHHD) has been associated with several clinical benefits compared to conventional thrice-weekly in-center hemodialysis. However, the prevalence of NHHD remains low. To date, few studies have focused on the importance of training and education of a complex medical procedure such as NHHD. In the present review, we will describe guidelines for implementation of a NHHD program by focusing on 1) patients' selection, assessment and training; 2) challenges of adult education; 3) prescription and 4) barriers to adoption of home hemodialysis. Future challenges in research, the importance of quality assurance and innovations in clinical care delivery in NHHD will also be discussed. PMID:20424574

  4. Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sriram, Janani; Shin, Minho; Kotz, David; Rajan, Anand; Sastry, Manoj; Yarvis, Mark

    Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic medical conditions (such as blood-sugar sensors for diabetics), people seeking to change unhealthy behavior (such as losing weight or quitting smoking), or athletes wishing to monitor their condition and performance. To be effective, however, these systems must provide assurances about the quality of the sensor data. The sensors must be applied to the patient by a human, and the sensor data may be transported across multiple networks and devices before it is presented to the medical team. While no system can guarantee data quality, we anticipate that it will help for the system to annotate data with some measure of confidence. In this paper, we take a deeper look at potential health-monitoring usage scenarios and highlight research challenges required to ensure and assess quality of sensor data in health-monitoring systems.

  5. Teaching European Studies Online: The Challenge of Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mihai, Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    This paper will be looking into the issue of quality assurance in online learning from the perspective of the e-learning tool developed by the Institute for European Studies in Brussels--the E-modules. The E-modules have been designed with the purpose of offering a structured and interactive way of learning how the European Union functions. As…

  6. Quality Assurance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Career Development Inst., Springfield.

    This booklet is one of six texts from a workplace literacy curriculum designed to assist learners in facing the increased demands of the workplace. The booklet contains five sections that cover the following topics: (1) importance of reliability; (2) meaning of quality assurance; (3) historical development of quality assurance; (4) statistical…

  7. Quality Assurance Challenges and Opportunities Faced by Private Universities in Zimbabwe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garwe, Evelyn Chiyevo

    2014-01-01

    The study sought to provide an understanding of the quality assurance challenges and opportunities faced by private universities in Zimbabwe. The study analyzed the factors determining provision of quality higher education in private universities and the resultant effects of failing to achieve the minimum acceptable standards. The author employed…

  8. Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janani Sriram; Minho Shin; David Kotz; Anand Rajan; Manoj Sastry; Mark Yarvis

    2009-01-01

    Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take\\u000a greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors\\u000a have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic\\u000a medical conditions (such as blood-sugar

  9. Quality Assurance Needs for Modern Image-Based Radiotherapy: Recommendations From 2007 Interorganizational Symposium on “Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology”

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey F. Williamson; Peter B. Dunscombe; Michael B. Sharpe; Bruce R. Thomadsen; James A. Purdy; James A. Deye

    2008-01-01

    This report summarizes the consensus findings and recommendations emerging from 2007 Symposium, 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology.' The Symposium was held in Dallas February 20-22, 2007. The 3-day program, which was sponsored jointly by the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and National Cancer Institute (NCI), included

  10. Quality Assurance and Evaluation in African Universities: Developing a Sustainable Quality Culture in a Challenging Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonathan, L. T.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses quality assurance and evaluation at institutions of higher education in Africa. Notes driving forces behind this trend, including declining financial resources; accountability to stakeholders; and massification, internationalization, and globalization of education. Notes establishment by many institutions of internal and external quality

  11. Comprehensive genomic studies: emerging regulatory, strategic, and quality assurance challenges for biorepositories.

    PubMed

    McDonald, Sandra A; Mardis, Elaine R; Ota, David; Watson, Mark A; Pfeifer, John D; Green, Jonathan M

    2012-07-01

    As part of the molecular revolution sweeping medicine, comprehensive genomic studies are adding powerful dimensions to medical research. However, their power exposes new regulatory, strategic, and quality assurance challenges for biorepositories. A key issue is that unlike other research techniques commonly applied to banked specimens, nucleic acid sequencing, if sufficiently extensive, yields data that could identify a patient. This evolving paradigm renders the concepts of anonymized and anonymous specimens increasingly outdated. The challenges for biorepositories in this new era include refined consent processes and wording, selection and use of legacy specimens, quality assurance procedures, institutional documentation, data sharing, and interaction with institutional review boards. Given current trends, biorepositories should consider these issues now, even if they are not currently experiencing sample requests for genomic analysis. We summarize our current experiences and best practices at Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, our perceptions of emerging trends, and recommendations. PMID:22706855

  12. Internal Quality Assurance--Facing Common Challenges. ENQA Workshop Report 13

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackstock, Douglas; Harvey, Lee; Szanto, Tibor; Pyykko, Riitta; Aelterman, Guy; Lopez-Benitez, Mariano; Vera-Toscano, Esperanza; Fereres, Elias; Cassagne, Claude; Dhainaut, Jean-Francois; Lykova, Viktoriya; Babyn, Ivan

    2010-01-01

    The annual meeting of the ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) IQA (internal quality assurance) Group gathered some 60 participants in the premises of the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders (NVAO) in The Hague in June 2009. This seminar was a successful follow-up to the first ENQA IQA…

  13. Quality Assurance [for Persons with Developmental Disabilities].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakin, Charlie, Ed.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    This newsletter feature issue focuses on quality assurance and innovative efforts to enhance service quality for persons with developmental disabilities. Individual articles include: "Redesigning Quality Assurance" (Clarence J. Sundram); "Quality Assurance, Quality Enhancement" (Charlie Lakin et al.); "Challenging Tradition: Measuring Quality by…

  14. Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Holland, R. C.

    1998-06-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan documents the quality assurance activities for the Wastewater/Stormwater/Groundwater and Environmental Surveillance Programs. This QAPP was prepared in accordance with DOE guidance on compliance with 10CFR830.120.

  15. The 300 Area Integrated Field Research Challenge Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2009-04-29

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a group of expert collaborators are using the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site 300 Area uranium plume within the footprint of the 300-FF-5 groundwater operable unit as a site for an Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC). The IFRC is entitled Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on the Hanford Site 300 Area Uranium Plume Project. The theme is investigation of multi-scale mass transfer processes. A series of forefront science questions on mass transfer are posed for research that relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements/approaches needed to characterize and model a mass transfer-dominated system. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the 300 Area IFRC Project. This plan is designed to be used exclusively by project staff.

  16. Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

  17. [Quality assurance in food production: a challenge for veterinary food hygiene?].

    PubMed

    Schraft, H; Untermann, F

    1993-01-01

    Production liability, safety regulations as well as marketing strategies are important motivations for companies to establish in-house quality control measures which can be certified by an independent control body. Companies that advertise quality control measures place pressure on opposition companies to follow suite. It follows that certification in foodstuff production will lead to a chain reaction and spread quickly to other companies. In the establishment of a quality assurance system it is just as important to distinguish between quality control and quality assurance as it is to consider the guidelines laid down in the ISO-Standards 9000-9004. After certification according to the ISO-Standards, which dictates certain forms of quality assurance, there is no guarantee that all important risks, such as hygiene risks introduced with technology, can be excluded. In terms of public health monitoring an important responsibility awaits veterinary public health. Strategies and consequences for official monitoring of foodstuffs are presented and discussed. PMID:8327877

  18. Key Challenges in the Reform of Governance, Quality Assurance, and Finance in Vietnamese Higher Education--A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dao, Khanh Van

    2015-01-01

    Vietnam's higher education is highly centralized in terms of its governance and management. A couple of higher education reform plans have been introduced over the past decade but they seem to result in poor outcomes. This paper addresses the challenges faced in the areas of governance, quality assurance and finance by a "key" university…

  19. Coping with Quality Assurance Challenges Faced by Secondary Schools' Headteachers in Gucha District, Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, Benjamin A.

    2011-01-01

    Since independence, the Kenyan government has demonstrated its commitment to the provision of quality secondary school education through allocation of financial resources, provision of trained teachers and establishment of quality assurance department. However, despite the substantial allocation of resources, secondary schools still face major…

  20. Clinical Quality Assurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Ott; Stephen A. Herczeg; Robert K. Campbell

    1986-01-01

    The Quality Assurance section has the responsibility for assessing all clinical trials conducted by the Division of Medical Affairs (DMA) for compliance with applicable regulations and procedures, and adherence to the protocol. The Quality Assurance section reviews protocols and case report forms, audits internal study files, audits the clinical stockroom, audits data review and computer entry, participates in review of

  1. Quality Assurance Needs for Modern Image-Based Radiotherapy: Recommendations From 2007 Interorganizational Symposium on 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology'

    SciTech Connect

    Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States)], E-mail: jwilliamson@mcvh-vcu.edu; Dunscombe, Peter B. [University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (Canada); Sharpe, Michael B. [Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON (Canada); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Purdy, James A. [University of California-Davis, Sacramento, CA (United States); Deye, James A. [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2008-05-01

    This report summarizes the consensus findings and recommendations emerging from 2007 Symposium, 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology.' The Symposium was held in Dallas February 20-22, 2007. The 3-day program, which was sponsored jointly by the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and National Cancer Institute (NCI), included >40 invited speakers from the radiation oncology and industrial engineering/human factor communities and attracted nearly 350 attendees, mostly medical physicists. A summary of the major findings follows. The current process of developing consensus recommendations for prescriptive quality assurance (QA) tests remains valid for many of the devices and software systems used in modern radiotherapy (RT), although for some technologies, QA guidance is incomplete or out of date. The current approach to QA does not seem feasible for image-based planning, image-guided therapies, or computer-controlled therapy. In these areas, additional scientific investigation and innovative approaches are needed to manage risk and mitigate errors, including a better balance between mitigating the risk of catastrophic error and maintaining treatment quality, complimenting the current device-centered QA perspective by a more process-centered approach, and broadening community participation in QA guidance formulation and implementation. Industrial engineers and human factor experts can make significant contributions toward advancing a broader, more process-oriented, risk-based formulation of RT QA. Healthcare administrators need to appropriately increase personnel and ancillary equipment resources, as well as capital resources, when new advanced technology RT modalities are implemented. The pace of formalizing clinical physics training must rapidly increase to provide an adequately trained physics workforce for advanced technology RT. The specific recommendations of the Symposium included the following. First, the AAPM, in cooperation with other advisory bodies, should undertake a systematic program to update conventional QA guidance using available risk-assessment methods. Second, the AAPM advanced technology RT Task Groups should better balance clinical process vs. device operation aspects-encouraging greater levels of multidisciplinary participation such as industrial engineering consultants and use-risk assessment and process-flow techniques. Third, ASTRO should form a multidisciplinary subcommittee, consisting of physician, physicist, vendor, and industrial engineering representatives, to better address modern RT quality management and QA needs. Finally, government and private entities committed to improved healthcare quality and safety should support research directed toward addressing QA problems in image-guided therapies.

  2. Quality assurance for IPTV

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew G. Davis; Damien Bayart; David S. Hands

    2009-01-01

    A tool designed to perform quality assurance on IPTV encoded assets is presented. The tool works on stored MPEG-2 transport stream files and combines a powerful graphical-user-interface with automatic no-reference detectors to handle video quality, audio and field-ordering issues. The tool provides automatic quality assurance of assets before they are made available for streaming and replaces the need for exhaustive

  3. Software quality assurance handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1990-09-01

    There are two important reasons for Software Quality Assurance (SQA) at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD): First, the benefits from SQA make good business sense. Second, the Department of Energy has requested SQA. This handbook is one of the first steps in a plant-wide implementation of Software Quality Assurance at KCD. The handbook has two main purposes. The first is to provide information that you will need to perform software quality assurance activities. The second is to provide a common thread to unify the approach to SQA at KCD. 2 figs.

  4. Clinical Practice and Quality Assurance Challenges in Modern Brachytherapy Sources and Dosimetry

    SciTech Connect

    Butler, Wayne M. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)], E-mail: wbutler@wheelinghospital.com; Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)

    2008-05-01

    Modern brachytherapy has led to effective treatments through the establishment of broadly applicable dosimetric thresholds for maximizing survival with minimal morbidity. Proper implementation of recent dosimetric consensus statements and quality assurance procedures is necessary to maintain the established level of safety and efficacy. This review classifies issues as either 'systematic' or 'stochastic' in terms of their impact on large groups or individual patients, respectively. Systematic changes affecting large numbers of patients occur infrequently and include changes in source dosimetric parameters, prescribing practice, dose calculation formalism, and improvements in calculation algorithms. The physicist must be aware of how incipient changes accord with previous experience. Stochastic issues involve procedures that are applied to each patient individually. Although ample guidance for quality assurance of brachytherapy sources exists, some ambiguities remain. The latest American Association of Physicists in Medicine guidance clarifies what is meant by independent assay, changes source sampling recommendations, particularly for sources in sterile strands and sterile preassembled needles, and modifies action level thresholds. The changing environment of brachytherapy has not changed the fact that the prime responsibility for quality assurance in brachytherapy lies with the institutional medical physicist.

  5. [Integrated quality assurance].

    PubMed

    Bögel, K; Stöhr, K

    1994-07-01

    The definition of terms and connotation of "Quality", "Quality Assurance" and "Integration" lead to an analysis and understanding of inhibiting and fostering factors of the "Health Triad" of people, animals and environment. Although "Quality" is largely or ultimately determined by the consumer, there are considerable differences as this term is applied by (a) the individual consumer, (b) the dynamic producer defending or gaining markets, (c) those engaged in traditional product manufacturing, or (d) governments setting (minimum) requirements for the sake of free trade. "Quality Assurance" offers cooperation of partners all along the food chain from "pasture to table". The managerial process turned into a continuum of responsibility and agreement on processes and product characteristics. This overcomes the disadvantages of strategies stressing distinct defense barriers. In practice this philosophy of a predominant role of defence barriers proved largely partnership destructive, in that it permitted to shift responsibilities for failures and to claim administrative competence according to momentary situations and interests. "Integrated Quality Assurance" means mutual agreement of two or more partners along the food chain (e. g. feed producers, farmers, animal health industry, veterinarians and food processors) on product characteristics and production methods. It involves essential system elements including facilities, materials, manpower, information, transport, management etc. Different principles and procedures of quality assurance have been introduced in practice, including agriculture and food processing. These different approaches are not mutually exclusive but largely of complementary nature.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7924958

  6. Quality Assurance: Moving toward Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryniuk, George A.

    1989-01-01

    A variety of issues in the debate over assurance of quality of dental care are discussed, including the methods and implementation of quality assessment and the mechanisms of quality assurance among individual dentists. (MSE)

  7. Measurement quality assurance.

    PubMed

    Eisenhower, E H

    1988-08-01

    The quality of a radiation protection program can be no better than the quality of the measurements made to support it. In many cases, that quality is unknown and is merely implied on the basis of a calibration of a measuring instrument. If that calibration is inappropriate or is performed improperly, the measurement result will be inaccurate and misleading. Assurance of measurement quality can be achieved if appropriate procedures are followed, including periodic quality control actions that demonstrate adequate performance. Several national measurement quality assurance (MQA) programs are operational or under development in specific areas. They employ secondary standards laboratories that provide a high-quality link between the National Bureau of Standards and measurements made at the field use level. The procedures followed by these secondary laboratories to achieve MQA will be described, as well as plans for similar future programs. A growing general national interest in quality assurance, combined with strong specific motivations for MQA in the area of ionizing radiation, will provide continued demand for appropriate national programs. Such programs must, however, employ procedures that are cost effective and must be developed with participation by all affected parties. PMID:3410687

  8. Quality Assurance for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

    2010-01-01

    For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

  9. The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

    1993-03-01

    The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

  10. Internationalization and quality assurance: Towards worldwide accreditation?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dirk Van Damme

    2000-01-01

    This paper addresses two very closely related issues, namely the integration of the quality dimension in internationalization\\u000a policies in higher education and the adaptation of quality assurance policies and practices to an increasingly international\\u000a environment. Through an analysis of some issues and challenges in internationalization on the one hand and an overview of\\u000a recent developments in quality assurance on the

  11. Quality Assurance schemes.

    PubMed

    Wood, J D; Holder, J S; Main, D C

    1998-01-01

    This paper considers the consumer's changing definition of quality in relation to meat and the current development of Quality Assurance (QA) schemes to ensure that certain quality standards are met. The key ingredients of QA schemes are food safety, animal welfare and sensory aspects (meat quality) although the latter is not a major feature of many schemes at present. For each of these components, points in the production-processing chain where problems can arise should be identified and control procedures introduced. Monitoring is required to check the effectiveness of these. This approach is based on HACCP principles although best practice rules are the basis of most current QA schemes. The paper identifies key points on the farm and in the abattoir where food safety, animal welfare and meat quality can be compromised and shows how best practice procedures are introduced to reliably raise standards. There is some concern about the credibility of some QA schemes in relation to the standards set, the strictness of inspection and especially the impartiality of auditing procedures. This may be ensured in schemes within Europe which comply with EN 45011 standards. The move towards more tightly regulated QA schemes to raise consumer confidence could benefit some traditional products and organic meat production schemes which already operate with strict specifications. PMID:22060711

  12. Construction quality assurance report

    SciTech Connect

    Roscha, V.

    1994-09-08

    This report provides a summary of the construction quality assurance (CQA) observation and test results, including: The results of the geosynthetic and soil materials conformance testing. The observation and testing results associates with the installation of the soil liners. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the HDPE geomembrane liner systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the leachate collection and removal systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the working surfaces. The observation and testing results associated with in-plant manufacturing process. Summary of submittal reviews by Golder Construction Services, Inc. The submittal and certification of the piping material specifications. The observation and verification associated of the Acceptance Test Procedure results of the operational equipment functions. Summary of the ECNs which are incorporated into the project.

  13. Saving Quality from Quality Assurance. Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephenson, Sandra L.

    2004-01-01

    The word 'quality' has become a 'central term in the lexicon of contemporary higher education and a major point of interest to various interest groups'. As quality assurance systems have developed around the world, certain assumptions are becoming alarmingly widespread: for example that quality assurance is new to higher education, that quality

  14. Recent Trends in Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amaral, Alberto; Rosa, Maria Joao

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present a brief description of the evolution of quality assurance in Europe, paying particular attention to its relationship to the rising loss of trust in higher education institutions. We finalise by analysing the role of the European Commission in the setting up of new quality assurance mechanisms that tend to promote…

  15. Quality assurance of chemical measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. K. Taylor

    1987-01-01

    The author's 57 years of experience at the National Bureau of Standards include the development and coordination of quality assurance programs. The author has also presented a short course on the subject more than 70 times. Taylor provides a readable treatment of the philosophy of quality assurance and describes the elements and tools needed to assess the reliability of analytical

  16. Modernization of software quality assurance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bhaumik, Gokul

    1988-01-01

    The customers satisfaction depends not only on functional performance, it also depends on the quality characteristics of the software products. An examination of this quality aspect of software products will provide a clear, well defined framework for quality assurance functions, which improve the life-cycle activities of software development. Software developers must be aware of the following aspects which have been expressed by many quality experts: quality cannot be added on; the level of quality built into a program is a function of the quality attributes employed during the development process; and finally, quality must be managed. These concepts have guided our development of the following definition for a Software Quality Assurance function: Software Quality Assurance is a formal, planned approach of actions designed to evaluate the degree of an identifiable set of quality attributes present in all software systems and their products. This paper is an explanation of how this definition was developed and how it is used.

  17. [Ballistic quality assurance].

    PubMed

    Cassol, E; Bonnet, J; Porcheron, D; Mazeron, J-J; Peiffert, D; Alapetite, C

    2012-06-01

    This review describes the ballistic quality assurance for stereotactic intracranial irradiation treatments delivered with Gamma Knife® either dedicated or adapted medical linear accelerators. Specific and periodic controls should be performed in order to check the mechanical stability for both irradiation and collimation systems. If this step remains under the responsibility of the medical physicist, it should be done in agreement with the manufacturer's technical support. At this time, there are no recent published guidelines. With technological developments, both frequency and accuracy should be assessed in each institution according to the treatment mode: single versus hypofractionnated dose, circular collimator versus micro-multileaf collimators. In addition, "end-to-end" techniques are mandatory to find the origin of potential discrepancies and to estimate the global ballistic accuracy of the delivered treatment. Indeed, they include frames, non-invasive immobilization devices, localizers, multimodal imaging for delineation and in-room positioning imaging systems. The final precision that could be reasonably achieved is more or less 1mm. PMID:22632786

  18. Linear Accelerator and Gamma Knife-Based Stereotactic Cranial Radiosurgery: Challenges and Successes of Existing Quality Assurance Guidelines and Paradigms

    SciTech Connect

    Goetsch, Steven J. [San Diego Gamma Knife Center, Grossmont Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA (United States); Department of Medical Physics, San Diego State University, La Jolla, CA (United States)], E-mail: stevegoetsch@sdgkc.com

    2008-05-01

    Intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery has been practiced since 1951. The technique has expanded from a single dedicated unit in Stockholm in 1968 to hundreds of centers performing an estimated 100,000 Gamma Knife and linear accelerator cases in 2005. The radiation dosimetry of small photon fields used in this technique has been well explored in the past 15 years. Quality assurance recommendations have been promulgated in refereed reports and by several national and international professional societies since 1991. The field has survived several reported treatment errors and incidents, generally reacting by strengthening standards and precautions. An increasing number of computer-controlled and robotic-dedicated treatment units are expanding the field and putting patients at risk of unforeseen errors. Revisions and updates to previously published quality assurance documents, and especially to radiation dosimetry protocols, are now needed to ensure continued successful procedures that minimize the risk of serious errors.

  19. Quality Assurance 9-1 9. Quality Assurance

    E-print Network

    Pennycook, Steve

    methodologies employing good laboratory and measurement control practices are used routinely to ensure,andtransport;inadequatepersonneltraining;and poor analytical methods, data reporting, and record keeping. A quality assurance program is designed at the ORR is essential for generating data of known and defensible quality. Each aspect of the environmental

  20. Microbiological, Geochemical and Hydrologic Processes Controlling Uranium Mobility: An Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge Site at Rifle, Colorado, Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-01-07

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is cleaning up and/or monitoring large, dilute plumes contaminated by metals, such as uranium and chromium, whose mobility and solubility change with redox status. Field-scale experiments with acetate as the electron donor have stimulated metal-reducing bacteria to effectively remove uranium [U(VI)] from groundwater at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site in Rifle, Colorado. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a multidisciplinary team of national laboratory and academic collaborators has embarked on a research proposed for the Rifle site, the object of which is to gain a comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of the microbial factors and associated geochemistry controlling uranium mobility so that DOE can confidently remediate uranium plumes as well as support stewardship of uranium-contaminated sites. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Rifle Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge Project.

  1. Data Management and Quality Assurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Y. T. Fong

    2001-01-01

    Clinical data management is a vital vehicle in clinical trials to ensure the integrity and quality of data being transferred from trial subjects to a database system. Poor management of data is a pitfall to statisticians, study investigators, sponsors, and most importantly, patients. Efforts in quality assurance in clinical data management have been increasing, as reflected in the increase of

  2. Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Waste Management Group

    2006-08-14

    The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs.

  3. Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry: 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Gladney, E.S.; Goode, W.E.; Perrin, D.R.; Burns, C.E.

    1981-09-01

    The continuing quality assurance effort by the Environmental Surveillance Group is presented. Included are all standard materials now in use, their consensus or certified concentrations, quality control charts, and all quality assurance measurements made by H-8 during 1980.

  4. Quality Assurance Made Easy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villemaire, Lorry

    Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality in…

  5. Quality Assurance in School Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newell, Susan; Schoenike, Sumner L.; Lisko, Elaine A.

    2003-01-01

    School nurses need to become more influential administrators, managers, and entrepreneurs. They must learn to lead and collaborate effectively in designing, implementing, and evaluating coordinated school health programs. Quality assurance is an essential ingredient in this process that requires accurate, timely, and confidential incident…

  6. Quality Assurance Program. QAP Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pelavin Research Inst., Washington, DC.

    The Quality Assurance Program (QAP) workbook is intended to assist institutions of higher education conduct qualitative and quantitative evaluations of their financial aid operations in relation to requirements of Title IV of the Higher Education Act. The workbook provides a structured approach for incorporating a cyclical Title IV QA system into…

  7. Software Quality Assurance Problem frames

    E-print Network

    Wallace, Charles

    !{DisplayState} information requesters #12;Query Validation problem (special case of Transformation problem) I/O deviceSoftware Quality Assurance Problem frames Charles Wallace Michigan Technological University wallace checking affects accuracy e.g. Patient monitoring: medical staff select frequency Language of events

  8. Online Learning and Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zygouris-Coe, Vicky; Swan, Bonnie; Ireland, Janine

    2009-01-01

    More and more we are seeing the online medium being used to deliver teacher training, and the need for effective evaluation strategies for these programs is crucial. This study investigated the impact of instituting a well-structured quality-assurance process for monitoring a large-scale, statewide online professional development model: "Florida…

  9. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

  10. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

  11. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

  12. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

  13. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

  14. Quality Assurance Reconsidered: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vidar Gynnild

    2007-01-01

    This article examines an external evaluation of the quality assurance system at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) conducted by The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (NOKUT). The external audit report along with internal reports provided by the seven faculties of the university served as the major data sources for the study. The quality assurance

  15. November, 2008 Academic Quality Assurance Unit

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    and systems; - advising staff (including Academic Board and Senior Management Team) on academic quality; - reporting on academic quality assurance compliance as required to Academic Board, the Senior Management Team assurance systems (NZVCC STEO, NZQA Register, TEC); - reporting on academic quality assurance compliance

  16. Nuclear Technology. Course 31: Quality Assurance Practices. Module 31-1, Overall Quality Assurance Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espy, John

    This first in a series of eight modules for a course titled Quality Assurance Practices describes responsibilities for quality assurance, identified how quality assurance requirements are passed on to other organizations, defines the three phases of activities of the plant, and reviews the eighteen criteria applicable to the quality assurance

  17. Helical tomotherapy dynamic quality assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Balog, John; Holmes, Tim; Vaden, Richard [Mohawk Valley Medical Physics, Rome, New York 13440 (United States); St. Agnes HealthCare, Baltimore, Maryland 21229-5299 (United States); E.C. Rost Oncology LLC, Tallahassee, Florida (United States)

    2006-10-15

    A multifaceted tomotherapy quality assurance procedure has been developed. This procedure tests most of the features inherent in the tomotherapy Hi-Art device. This includes the megavoltage imaging quality, spatial and temporal accuracy of the dynamic delivery properties, as well as more traditional beam output characteristics. This is accomplished with a specialized multichannel electrometer that measures collected charge every 100 ms and a Virtual Water cylindrical phantom that holds many ion chambers and differing density insert plugs. Both devices are offered with the Hi-Art product. These tests are presented as well as their sensitivity to beam and delivery variations.

  18. Quality Assurance for Clinical Trials

    PubMed Central

    Ibbott, Geoffrey S.; Haworth, Annette; Followill, David S.

    2013-01-01

    Cooperative groups, of which the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group is one example, conduct national clinical trials that often involve the use of radiation therapy. In preparation for such a trial, the cooperative group prepares a protocol to define the goals of the trial, the rationale for its design, and the details of the treatment procedure to be followed. The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) is one of several quality assurance (QA) offices that is charged with assuring that participating institutions deliver doses that are clinically consistent and comparable. The RPC does this by conducting a variety of independent audits and credentialing processes. The RPC has compiled data showing that credentialing can help institutions comply with the requirements of a cooperative group clinical protocol. Phantom irradiations have been demonstrated to exercise an institution’s procedures for planning and delivering advanced external beam techniques (1–3). Similarly, RPC data indicate that a rapid review of patient treatment records or planning procedures can improve compliance with clinical trials (4). The experiences of the RPC are presented as examples of the contributions that a national clinical trials QA center can make to cooperative group trials. These experiences illustrate the critical need for comprehensive QA to assure that clinical trials are successful and cost-effective. The RPC is supported by grants CA 10953 and CA 81647 from the National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS. PMID:24392352

  19. Quality assurance for gamma knives

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, E.D.; Banks, W.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations.

  20. Assurance Technology Challenges of Advanced Space Systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chern, E. James

    2004-01-01

    The initiative to explore space and extend a human presence across our solar system to revisit the moon and Mars post enormous technological challenges to the nation's space agency and aerospace industry. Key areas of technology development needs to enable the endeavor include advanced materials, structures and mechanisms; micro/nano sensors and detectors; power generation, storage and management; advanced thermal and cryogenic control; guidance, navigation and control; command and data handling; advanced propulsion; advanced communication; on-board processing; advanced information technology systems; modular and reconfigurable systems; precision formation flying; solar sails; distributed observing systems; space robotics; and etc. Quality assurance concerns such as functional performance, structural integrity, radiation tolerance, health monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance, calibration, and initialization can affect the performance of systems and subsystems. It is thus imperative to employ innovative nondestructive evaluation methodologies to ensure quality and integrity of advanced space systems. Advancements in integrated multi-functional sensor systems, autonomous inspection approaches, distributed embedded sensors, roaming inspectors, and shape adaptive sensors are sought. Concepts in computational models for signal processing and data interpretation to establish quantitative characterization and event determination are also of interest. Prospective evaluation technologies include ultrasonics, laser ultrasonics, optics and fiber optics, shearography, video optics and metrology, thermography, electromagnetics, acoustic emission, x-ray, data management, biomimetics, and nano-scale sensing approaches for structural health monitoring.

  1. Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oginni, B. M.; Odero, D. O.

    2009-07-01

    Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP).

  2. Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews

    SciTech Connect

    Oginni, B. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Odero, D. O. [Raleigh Regional Cancer Center, Beckley, West Virginia 25801 (United States)

    2009-07-06

    Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP)

  3. SEDIMENT SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report is to serve as a companion to an analogous document on soil sampling quality assurance. Prior to the design of an adequate quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) plan for sediment sampling, there must be agreement on the objectives of the sampling program. Answers t...

  4. Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Yuan

    2010-01-01

    Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

  5. Quality assurance program plan fuel supply shutdown

    SciTech Connect

    Metcalf, I.L.

    1998-09-21

    This Quality Assurance Program plan (QAPP) describes how the Fuel Supply Shutdown (FSS) project organization implements the quality assurance requirements of HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and the B and W Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), FSP-MP-004. The QAPP applies to facility structures, systems, and components and to activities (e.g., design, procurement, testing, operations, maintenance, etc.) that could affect structures, systems, and components. This QAPP also provides a roadmap of applicable Project Hanford Policies and Procedures (PHPP) which may be utilized by the FSS project organization to implement the requirements of this QAPP.

  6. The Concepts of Quality, Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elassy, Noha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to critically review and discuss different definitions of the concepts of quality, quality assurance (QA) and quality enhancement (QE) in higher education (HE) with presenting critical perspectives of the literature. Design/methodology/approach: The paper looks at literature concerns with the meaning of quality, QA and QE,…

  7. 10 CFR 71.135 - Quality assurance records.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Quality Assurance § 71.135 Quality assurance records. ...describe the activities affecting quality. The records must include...by § 71.111 to prescribe quality assurance activities and...personnel, procedures, and equipment. The records must...

  8. Quality Assurance for Vendor/Processor Contracts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advanced Technology, Inc., Reston, VA.

    The way that the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Student Financial Assistance (OSFA) should conduct its quality assurance function of monitoring a processing contractor is described. For the following quality assurance procedures, information is provided on the goal of the procedure, activities to be measured, measures, and the role of…

  9. The Cost of Quality Assurance in Medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark S. Thompson; R. Heather Palmer; Janet K. Rothrock; Rose Strain; Laura H. Brachman; Elizabeth A. Wright

    1983-01-01

    Cost analysis has beenfrequently neglected in program evaluations but is currently of high relevance in policy decisions on quality assurance in medicine. The Ambulatory Care Medical Audit Demonstration (A CMAD) Project implemented and evaluated a program of medical record-based quality assurance in eleven sites for nine medical topics. Total direct costs for the project were $1.22 million over five years;

  10. Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices

    SciTech Connect

    Oijala, J.E.

    1988-06-01

    This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

  11. Exploring Quality Assurance in Sixth Form Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoten, David William

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to focus on the changing nature of quality assurance systems within the sixth form college sector. Design/methodology/approach: Ten sixth form colleges were surveyed across England and staff from varying levels within college hierarchies questioned about how quality assurance systems were implemented. Research involved…

  12. Training, Quality Assurance Factors, and Tools Investigation: a Work Report and Suggestions on Software Quality Assurance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Pen-Nan

    1991-01-01

    Previously, several research tasks have been conducted, some observations were obtained, and several possible suggestions have been contemplated involving software quality assurance engineering at NASA Johnson. These research tasks are briefly described. Also, a brief discussion is given on the role of software quality assurance in software engineering along with some observations and suggestions. A brief discussion on a training program for software quality assurance engineers is provided. A list of assurance factors as well as quality factors are also included. Finally, a process model which can be used for searching and collecting software quality assurance tools is presented.

  13. Principles and Practices for Quality Assurance and Quality Control

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Jones, Berwyn E.

    1999-01-01

    Quality assurance and quality control are vital parts of highway runoff water-quality monitoring projects. To be effective, project quality assurance must address all aspects of the project, including project management responsibilities and resources, data quality objectives, sampling and analysis plans, data-collection protocols, data quality-control plans, data-assessment procedures and requirements, and project outputs. Quality control ensures that the data quality objectives are achieved as planned. The historical development and current state of the art of quality assurance and quality control concepts described in this report can be applied to evaluation of data from prior projects.

  14. 10 CFR 71.105 - Quality assurance program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...performing activities affecting quality, as necessary to assure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program shall...

  15. 38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

  16. 38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 2012-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

  17. 38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

  18. 38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 2014-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

  19. 38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 2013-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

  20. Aquatic Pesticide Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan

    E-print Network

    Aquatic Pesticide Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan Don Yee Geoff Siemering. Aquatic Pesticide Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA. #12;ii Aquatic Pesticides Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan Prepared by Don

  1. Laboratory Policy Methods of Analysis & Quality Assurance

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Laboratory Policy Methods of Analysis & Quality Assurance The Cereal Quality Lab (CQL) uses quality data. The laboratory participates in collaborative studies organized by AACC, Wheat Quality by the laboratory is treated confidentially and will not be revealed to third parties without prior consent

  2. Automated data quality assurance for marine observations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. V. Koziana; J. Olson; T. Anselmo; W. Lu

    2008-01-01

    The ocean monitoring community requires high quality data that is Data Management and Communications (DMAC)-compliant for both near real time and climate data records. The authors describe a flexible and cost effective automated data quality assurance (ADQA) system that can be used to assess the quality of marine observations and provide quality controlled data to a wide variety of end

  3. SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt G. Vedros

    2011-09-01

    The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

  4. 10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to the Safety Management System. (3) Use voluntary...

  5. 48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  6. 10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to the Safety Management System. (3) Use voluntary...

  7. 10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to the Safety Management System. (3) Use voluntary...

  8. 10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to the Safety Management System. (3) Use voluntary...

  9. 48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  10. 10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to the Safety Management System. (3) Use voluntary...

  11. 48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  12. 48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  13. 48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  14. Instructional Quality Assurance at Lansing Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herder, Dale M.; And Others

    Drawing from the experiences of Lansing Community College (LCC), this paper offers a rationale and model for measuring instructional quality. Section I offers background on LCC's efforts to assess the quality of its courses and curricula, and to introduce such quality assurance procedures as computer-based course syllabi, department and program…

  15. Quality Assurance Systems for Nurse Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cleverly, Dankay

    1995-01-01

    Examines two systems for quality assurance in nursing education, based on total quality management. The first is concerned with what needs to be done to achieve goals and objectives, based on quality characteristics associated with nurse education. The second considers how things should be done and how to translate policy statements into educator…

  16. BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING TOWARDS DATA QUALITY ASSURANCE

    E-print Network

    at the DBMS level, or they are mainly focused on quality management systems, based on ISO standards and consumed everyday by information systems, and its inherent quality is a fundamental aspect to operationalBUSINESS PROCESS MODELING TOWARDS DATA QUALITY ASSURANCE An Organizational Engineering Approach

  17. Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-04-30

    This quality assurance plan identifies the data necessary, and techniques designed to attain the required quality, to meet the specific data quality objectives associated with the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This report specifies sampling, waste testing, and analytical methods for transuranic wastes.

  18. Product Quality Assurance Project for Teaching of Food Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen, S. S.

    2004-01-01

    Two of the challenges in teaching Food Analysis are bringing relevance to the various chemical and physical analyses discussed and exposing students to the realities of quality assurance in the food industry. In a project to help meet those objectives, each student, with the assistance of a "resource person" from the food industry, completes the…

  19. Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case

    SciTech Connect

    Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

    2011-02-01

    Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

  20. Quality Assurance for Essential Climate Variables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Folkert Boersma, K.; Muller, Jan-Peter

    2015-04-01

    Satellite data are of central interest to the QA4ECV project. Satellites have revolutionized the Earth's observation system of climate change and air quality over the past three decades, providing continuous data for the entire Earth. However, many users of these data are lost in the fog as to the quality of these satellite data. Because of this, the European Union expressed in its 2013 FP7 Space Research Call a need for reliable, traceable, and understandable quality information on satellite data records that could serve as a blueprint contribution to a future Copernicus Climate Change Service. The potential of satellite data to benefit climate change and air quality services is too great to be ignored. QA4ECV therefore bridges the gap between end-users of satellite data and the satellite data products. We are developing an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that provides understandable and traceable quality information for satellite data used in climate and air quality services. Such a framework should deliver the historically linked long-term data sets that users need, in a format that they can readily use. QA4ECV has approached more than 150 users and suppliers of satellite data to collect their needs and expectations. The project will use their response as a guideline for developing user-friendly tools to obtain information on the completeness, accuracy, and fitness-for-purpose of the satellite datasets. QA4ECV collaborates with 4 joint FP7 Space projects in reaching out to scientists, policy makers, and other end-users of satellite data to improve understanding of the special challenges -and also opportunities- of working with satellite data for climate and air quality purposes. As a demonstration of its capacity, QA4ECV will generate multi-decadal climate data records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, and carbon monoxide) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, leaf area index and absorbed photosynthetically active radiation), with full uncertainty metrics for every pixel. Multi-use tools and SI/community reference standards will be developed. But QA4ECV is not only about satellites. It is also about exploiting independent reference data obtained from in situ networks, and applying these data with the right, traceable methodologies for quality assurance of the satellite ECVs. The QA4ECV project started in January 2014, as a partnership between 17 research institutes from 7 different European countries working together for a period of 4 years. All QA4ECV partners are closely involved in projects improving, validating, and using satellite data. We hope that QA4ECV will be a major step forward in providing quality assured long-term climate data records that are relevant for policy and climate change assessments. A detailed description of the project can be found at http://qa4ecv.eu.

  1. The quality assurance role in the Deep Space Network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sirpilla, R. L.

    1981-01-01

    The quality assurance section provides skilled personnel who perform the following functions: quality hardware engineering, quality software engineering, inspection and testing, and an independent assessment to quality, engineering and project requirements. The quality assurance section provides specifications, workmanship standards, process specifications and quality assurance procedures in support of DSN equipment. In addition, the quality assurance section reviews DSN engineering documents to ensure that appropriate and adequate quality provisions are included.

  2. Quality Assurance -Data Management Data Validation

    E-print Network

    Tipple, Brett

    Quality Assurance - Data Management Data Validation SIRFER makes extensive use of a LIMS system to the analyst of abnormalities. The LIMS database provides statistics on laboratory reference materials (long and is responsible for the initial examination of the IRMS data. The analyst assesses the quality of the work based

  3. The New English Quality Assurance Regime

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger

    2011-01-01

    England is developing a new quality assurance regime that will come into effect in October 2011. A new funding regime will operate from the following year, together with new rules to ease the participation of private higher education providers. This article describes and analyses the new quality and funding regimes. It argues that the greater…

  4. Quality Assurance 9-1 9. Quality Assurance

    E-print Network

    Pennycook, Steve

    , approved analytical meth- odologies employing good laboratory and mea- surement control practices are used; inadequate personnel training; and poor analytical methods, data reporting, and record keeping. A quality for environmental monitoring activities at the ORR is essential for generating data of known and defensible quality

  5. Quality Assurance of Chemical Measurements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, John K.

    1981-01-01

    Reviews aspects of quality control (methods to control errors) and quality assessment (verification that systems are operating within acceptable limits) including an analytical measurement system, quality control by inspection, control charts, systematic errors, and use of SRMs, materials for which properties are certified by the National Bureau…

  6. Quality assurance and organizational effectiveness in hospitals.

    PubMed Central

    Hetherington, R W

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore some aspects of a general theoretical model within which research on the organizational impacts of quality assurance programs in hospitals may be examined. Quality assurance is conceptualized as an organizational control mechanism, operating primarily through increased formalization of structures and specification of procedures. Organizational effectiveness is discussed from the perspective of the problem-solving theory of organizations, wherein effective organizations are those which maintain at least average performance in all four system problem areas simultaneously (goal-attainment, integration, adaptation and pattern-maintenance). It is proposed that through the realization of mutual benefits for both professionals and the bureaucracy, quality assurance programs can maximize such effective performance in hospitals. PMID:7096096

  7. 10 CFR 72.144 - Quality assurance program.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...performing activities affecting quality as necessary to ensure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program must...

  8. Quality assurance and quality control in monitoring programs

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Shampine, W.J.

    1993-01-01

    There are three general characteristics of the data to be collected in a monitoring program that should be met in order to maximize the use and value of the data: the data quality should be known the data type and quality should be consistent and comparable, and the data should be available and accessible. Potential problems with each of these characteristics are addressed effectively by quality assurance and quality control. One of the most important aspects of quality assurance in a monitoring program is the development of a quality assurance plan, which should identify clearly the quality of the data needed and describe in detail the planned actions to provide confidence that the program will meet its stated objectives. Quality control data, which allow for the quality and suitability of the environmental data to be evaluated and ascertained, should be collected and utilized as an integral part of the QA effort associated with a monitoring program.

  9. Quality Assurance Source Requirements Traceability Database

    SciTech Connect

    MURTHY, R., NAYDENOVA, A., DEKLEVER, R., BOONE, A.

    2006-01-30

    At the Yucca Mountain Project the Project Requirements Processing System assists in the management of relationships between regulatory and national/industry standards source criteria, and Quality Assurance Requirements and Description document (DOE/R W-0333P) requirements to create compliance matrices representing respective relationships. The matrices are submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to assist in the commission's review, interpretation, and concurrence with the Yucca Mountain Project QA program document. The tool is highly customized to meet the needs of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Office of Quality Assurance.

  10. Quality Assurance and Quality Control for Drinking Water Laboratories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John A. Winter; William L. Budde; Frank Novielli

    1993-01-01

    Soon after the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) was formed in 1972, agency administrators realized that in order to make appropriate decisions for environmental regulation, they must be assured that data being generated by the agency and the 50 states were valid and legally defensible. Thus in 1979, USEPA established a mandatory quality assurance (QA) program for all data generated

  11. MICROBIOLOGY: METHODOLOGY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Research on the microbiological quality of water continues to concentrate on improved methods for the detection, enumeration, and identification of pollution indicators, pathogens, and other microbial groups. A complete handbook of basic laboratory procedures, replete with resour...

  12. QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR BIOLOGICAL TESTING

    EPA Science Inventory

    The guideline document was prepared to address the need for a manual of quality assurance practices aimed specifically at biological testing. These guidelines draw from the good practices published for analytical and clinical laboratories, and incorporate observations made in a n...

  13. Quality Assurance of Media Devices and Courseware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Edgar A.

    A quality assurance program is outlined that could be employed during the development of prenarrated sound/slide instructional packages. The characteristics described were selected to be both: (1) important to instruction and (2) capable of being measured objectively. These criteria were selected in order to develop a program that would be…

  14. Quality Assurance: Administrator's Panacea or Pandemonium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comerford, Ralph; Silverman, Wade H.

    Where mental health administrators used to rely on subjective judgments of senior clinicians to evaluate the effectiveness of mental health services, they now rely more on a quality assurance (QA) plan. The primary motive for undertaking a QA program should be better service. QA may start out being very expensive in terms of personnel and…

  15. Quality Assurance for Higher Education Franchising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yorke, Mantz

    1993-01-01

    The practice of "franchising" higher education programs, or provision of educational programs through vendors, is examined as it occurs in the United Kingdom as a result of recent educational policy changes. A set of principles for assuring the quality of such programs is proposed. (MSE)

  16. Effectiveness of Quality Assurance Training for Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nold, Rosie; Hanson, Dana

    2001-01-01

    A quality assurance program was designed to teach youth about safe and wholesome food production, animal management techniques, and ethical decision making related to food animal production. Participants gained skills in animal management techniques and their opinions about consumer expectations were positively influenced. The program successfully…

  17. Software quality assurance plan for GCS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

    1990-01-01

    The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

  18. QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for the staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North C...

  19. 222-S laboratory quality assurance plan

    SciTech Connect

    Meznarich, H.K.

    1995-04-01

    This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for analytical services. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing 222-S and 222-SA analytical and quality control activities. The 222-S Laboratory provides analytical services to various clients including, but not limited to, waste characterization for the Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS), waste characterization for regulatory waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD), regulatory compliance samples, radiation screening, process samples, and TPA samples. A graded approach is applied on the level of sample custody, QC, data verification, and data reporting to meet the specific needs of the client.

  20. Private incentives for adopting food safety and quality assurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin Holleran; Maury E. Bredahl; Lokman Zaibet

    1999-01-01

    The competitiveness of food companies in national and international markets depends upon their ability to adopt production processes which meet food safety and quality requirements. Food safety and quality assurance affect the cost of carrying out transactions, and therein lies the private incentive for adopting voluntary quality assurance systems. While quality assurance systems have the potential to reduce transaction costs

  1. Quality Assurance and School Monitoring in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching

    2007-01-01

    This study reports on the Hong Kong education quality assurance and school monitoring system. Three research questions were addressed: (1) Who controls the quality of school education in Hong Kong? (2) What strategies are used in the Hong Kong school education quality assurance process? (3) Agenda for Future Research on quality assurance and…

  2. Soil sampling quality assurance user's guide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. S. Barth; B. J. Mason

    1984-01-01

    The inherent inseparability of a cost-effective Soil Sampling Quality Assurance\\/Quality Control (QA\\/QC) Plan from the objectives of a soil monitoring program is emphasized. Required precisions and confidence levels for the data cannot be defined until the decisions which will be made on the basis of the data are clearly stated and the consequences of making Type I (false positive) or

  3. Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Summary for Year 1 of the California Coast Survey Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC)

    E-print Network

    APPENDIX 1 Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Summary for Year 1 of the California Coast Survey 1 APPENDIX 1 Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Summary for Year 1 of the California Coast Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Summary for Year 1 of the California Coast Survey 2 The data

  4. Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuckerman, Amy

    2000-01-01

    Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

  5. Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement in Higher Education: Contested Territories?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Filippakou, Ourania; Tapper, Ted

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses the unfolding of the quality agenda in England from 1992 to the present. By using two disciplinary approaches, "political science" and "social philosophy", the article traces the recent transition from quality assurance to quality enhancement. How is this development to be explained and how significant is it? Are the concepts…

  6. 10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance ...standard in DOE's current quality assurance program at the time of the change; (2) The use of generic organizational...

  7. 10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance ...standard in DOE's current quality assurance program at the time of the change; (2) The use of generic organizational...

  8. 10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance ...standard in DOE's current quality assurance program at the time of the change; (2) The use of generic organizational...

  9. 10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance ...standard in DOE's current quality assurance program at the time of the change; (2) The use of generic organizational...

  10. QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR IERL-CI PROJECT OFFICERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The document provides guidelines to Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory-Cincinnati (IERL-Ci) Project Officers for (1) incorporating quality assurance (QA) criteria in contract procurement and grant awards; (2) monitoring quality assurance of extramural projects; and (3) ...

  11. NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)

    EPA Science Inventory

    A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

  12. 48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01...false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements...Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  13. 48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01...false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements...Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  14. 48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01...false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements...Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  15. 48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01...false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements...Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  16. 48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01...true FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements...Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  17. Information Technology, Quality Assurance, and Academic Library Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. F. Osinulu; O. I. Amusa

    2010-01-01

    This article focuses on the roles of Information Technology and quality assurance in effective and efficient library services in Nigerian academic libraries. Issues relating to IT and quality assurance in academic libraries are discussed and recommendations offered on how quality assurance can be implemented in academic libraries.

  18. Quality Assurance in Postgraduate Education. ENQA Workshop Report 12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitusikova, Alexandra; Bohrer, Janet; Borosic, Ivana; Costes, Nathalie; Edinsel, Kerim; Hollander, Karoline; Jacobsson, Gunilla; Jakopovic, Ivan Filip; Kearney, Mary-Louise; Mulder, Fred; Negyesi, Judith; Pietzonka, Manuel

    2010-01-01

    The present report follows an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Workshop on Quality Assurance and Postgraduate Education, hosted by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ARACIS) in Brasov, Romania on 12-13 March 2009. The workshop was an excellent opportunity for ENQA members to exchange…

  19. Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software

    E-print Network

    Jurjens, Jan

    Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jürjens1 , Daniel Reiss2 , David (Germany) #12;Jan Jürjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 2 The Problem (Meta. #12;Jan Jürjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 3 The Problem (Meta

  20. Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Boom, R.J.

    1995-12-01

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of radiological airborne emissions. This Quality Assurance Program Plan is prepared in accordance with and to written requirements.

  1. Quality Assurance/Quality Control Jobs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fanslau, Melody; Young, Janelle

    The production of a quality and safe food product is essential to the success of any food manufacturing facility. Because of this great importance, a career in quality can be extremely rewarding. Without happy customers willing to buy a product, a company would not be able to survive. Quality issues such as foreign objects, spoiled or mislabeled product, failure to meet net weight requirements, or a recall can all turn customers away from buying a product. The food industry is a customer-driven market in which some consumers are brand loyal based on a history of high quality or in which a single bad experience with a product will turn them away for a lifetime. With this said, the main role of a quality department is to help ensure that quality issues such as these are eliminated or kept to a minimum to maintain or increase the number of customers purchasing their product.

  2. Flying qualities research challenges

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sliwa, Steven M.; George, Frank L.

    1987-01-01

    Traditional flying qualities requirements for airplane dynamics are based on airplane modal response characteristics derived from linear small-perturbation analysis. These requirements are supported by a large experimental data base. The challenge to the flying qualities community is to demonstrate how flying qualities, the control system and aircraft configuration are still closely linked. This is evident in the definition of flying qualities and, as far as pilots are concerned, that flying qualities are still the measure of overall design success.

  3. Quality assurance systems for nurse educators.

    PubMed

    Cleverly, D

    1995-08-01

    This paper seeks to examine two systems designed for thinking about and improving the understanding of quality assurance in nurse educator functions, using Total Quality Management (TQM) principles. The first system is concerned with what needs to be done to realise major goals and objectives. The design parameters, adapted from established quality concepts, are those quality characteristics specifically associated with nurse educator functions--perceived as a set of services. The second system considers how things should be done. How policy statements can be translated into specific educator behaviours and practices that publicly assert institutional values to student customers within a process of continuous quality improvement. Further sections look at the integrated working of the systems and discuss system implications. A final summary exhorts nurse educators to forge closer working relationships with their student customers to fashion a quality service. PMID:7565523

  4. QUALITY SCIENCE AND QUALITY ASSURANCE: OBSERVATIONS OR AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTIST

    EPA Science Inventory

    -- ABSTRACT The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the relationship between quality science (QS) and quality assurance (QA). Many research scientists definitely want to do QS, but are afraid or do not want to do QA because they are intimidated by the QA proc...

  5. How International Quality Assurance Audits Can Contribute to Quality Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheila Nell Linder-Ciccolunghi

    1994-01-01

    Today's harried pharmaceutical managers are trying to meet ever increasing government requirements and market demands. Simultaneously, they are pressed to decrease staff resources, costs, and time to market. “Quality” is often trumpeted as the magic solution but how can this be accomplished? If an international clinical quality assurance group has developed a mixed palette of individual audits (clinical trial center,

  6. Impact of Quality Assurance: Overview of a Discussion between Representatives of External Quality Assurance Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Lee

    2006-01-01

    There has been considerable debate about the impact of external quality assurance in higher education. This paper describes a discussion at the INQAAHE workshop in The Hague, attended by representatives of agencies, exploring the effects of external quality processes on institutions and programmes. The summary, probably for the first time,…

  7. History of Reliability and Quality Assurance at Kennedy Space Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Childers, Frank M.

    2004-01-01

    This Kennedy Historical Document (KHD) provides a unique historical perspective of the organizational and functional responsibilities for the manned and un-manned programs at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. As systems become more complex and hazardous, the attention to detailed planning and execution continues to be a challenge. The need for a robust reliability and quality assurance program will always be a necessity to ensure mission success. As new space missions are defined and technology allows for continued access to space, these programs cannot be compromised. The organizational structure that has provided the reliability and quality assurance functions for both the manned and unmanned programs has seen many changes since the first group came to Florida in the 1950's. The roles of government and contractor personnel have changed with each program and organizational alignment has changed based on that responsibility. The organizational alignment of the personnel performing these functions must ensure independent assessment of the processes.

  8. Quality assurance: Importance of systems and standard operating procedures.

    PubMed

    Manghani, Kishu

    2011-01-01

    It is mandatory for sponsors of clinical trials and contract research organizations alike to establish, manage and monitor their quality control and quality assurance systems and their integral standard operating procedures and other quality documents to provide high-quality products and services to fully satisfy customer needs and expectations. Quality control and quality assurance systems together constitute the key quality systems. Quality control and quality assurance are parts of quality management. Quality control is focused on fulfilling quality requirements, whereas quality assurance is focused on providing confidence that quality requirements are fulfilled. The quality systems must be commensurate with the Company business objectives and business model. Top management commitment and its active involvement are critical in order to ensure at all times the adequacy, suitability, effectiveness and efficiency of the quality systems. Effective and efficient quality systems can promote timely registration of drugs by eliminating waste and the need for rework with overall financial and social benefits to the Company. PMID:21584180

  9. GLP Compliance: A Rededication to Effective Quality Assurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. D. Lepore

    1986-01-01

    Effective quality assurance serves not only to promote the timely delivery of a final product that conforms to predetermined quality standards but also to assure that the entire work process comports with established regulatory requirements. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published good laboratory practice regulations that became effective on June 20, 1979. The regulations were intended to assure the

  10. [Quality assurance: concepts, actions and reflexions].

    PubMed

    Ruelas Barajas, E

    1994-01-01

    Importance that the topic of quality of medical care has acquired in recent years, a number of concepts have been utilized to mean many strategies to improve the quality of care. This situation has frequently created confusion between terms such as: quality assessment, quality assurance, total quality management, quality guarantee, etc. The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework that allows not only to clarify the concepts but also the actions towards the improvement of the quality of care. Therefore, a multidimensional matrix is also proposed in order to classify the multiple actions referred about in the literature and to organize them. The conclusions are: 1) The term "Quality guarantee", at least in spanish, is absolutely pertinent when referred to the quality of medical care; 2) This concept becomes a solid starting point to implement concret actions by integrating different concepts and avoiding confusions; 3) The multidimensional matrix allows to systematize multiple actions; 4) Since there was not a similar conceptual framework it is expected that this paper allows to close the gap between thinking and doing on behalf of every body. PMID:8964328

  11. The National Ambient Air Quality Standards and Quality Assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Elkins, J.B. Jr. [Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Sleva, S. [TRC Environmental Corporation, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Waite, R.G.; Musick, D.; Papp, M.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents an overview of the quality assurance, quality control (QA/QC) associated with the monitoring networks associated with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). The oversight activities discussed include: (1) data quality objectives (DQOs), (2) reference and equivalent methods, (3) precision and accuracy, (4) national performance audits, (5) system audits, and (6) network reviews. The US EPA has established National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for 6 pollutants. These pollutants are carbon monoxide (CO), lead (Pb), nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub x}), ozone (O{sub 3}), particulate matter (PM-10), and sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). 21 refs., 4 tabs.

  12. Quality assurance of the donation process.

    PubMed

    Jynge, O; Andréasson, C; Bergström, C; Björklund, E; Croon, A C; Tydén, L; Wahlberg, J; Tibell, A

    2006-10-01

    The quality of the organs harvested from a deceased donor is of critical importance for the outcome of the transplantations. During 2005, a quality assurance project was initiated to evaluate the donor management, harvest operation, and flow of information during the donation process. Three kinds of questionnaires were used in each donation. They were completed by the transplant coordinator, the harvesting surgeon, and the surgeons performing the liver and kidney transplantations. Feedback is given to the harvesting teams within 2 weeks after the procedures. The most important findings related to missed information concerning organ abnormalities or organ damage from the procurement operation. Procurement of organs from a deceased donor involves a complex chain of events. Based on our experiences in this 1-year project, we believe that standardized registration of the various parts of the process and structured feedback to the staff give possibilities to improve performance. After minor modifications, this method for quality assurance has been introduced as a permanent part of our donation procedure. We believe that this strategy can help to detect weaknesses and improve transplant outcomes. PMID:17098017

  13. Nuclear Technology. Course 31: Quality Assurance Practices. Module 31-7, Auditing for Quality Assurance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchard, Jim; Espy, John

    This seventh in a series of eight modules for a course titled Quality Assurance Practices describes the key features of an audit system and offers practice in carrying out tasks of the technicians. The module follows a typical format that includes the following sections: (1) introduction, (2) module prerequisites, (3) objectives, (4) notes to…

  14. Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hughitt, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

  15. Functional Quality Assurance- A Cx Method for Innovative Systems

    E-print Network

    Ioannidis, M.

    DC www.eb-ing.com FQA - Functional Quality Assurance Problem and Motivation FQA - Functional Quality Assurance Objectives Tasks and Methods Interactions with Project Team Project Time Schedule Tools Benefits Conclusion and Status Quo Outlook F Q A... Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 13N?rnberg ? M?nchen ? Frankfurt ? Gera ? Berlin ? Leipzig ? D?sseldorf ? F?rth ? Hamburg ? Stuttgart ? Moskau ? Washington DC www.eb-ing.com FQA ? Functional Quality Assurance FQA Outlook square4...

  16. Quality Assurance and e-Learning: Blue Skies and Pragmatism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, Ron

    2005-01-01

    This paper considers the role of quality assurance in e-learning; reflecting on the conditions necessary for successful e-learning. It reviews some of the current international work on quality assurance in this area and goes on to consider the ways in which the quality of a process or activity can be assessed--focusing on the use of benchmarking…

  17. HELIOS Critical Design Review: Quality Assurance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Benoehr, H. C.; Herholz, J.; Prem, H.; Mann, D.; Reichert, L.; Rupp, W.; Campbell, D.; Boettger, H.; Zerwes, G.; Kurvin, C.

    1972-01-01

    The following is an account of the activities of the Quality Assurance (QA) department of the project management office highlighting some of the ways in which it controls QA of the subcontractors on one hand and reports on Quality to GfW (Gesellschaft fur Weltraumforschung) on the other hand. The basic document prepared by MBB (Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm) for QA activities is 1. The QA plan based on GfW 002. The QA department is responsible moreover for monitoring and making decisions about the quality of parts and materials and the governing document for this activity is 2. The Parts and Materials Control Plan based on GfW 001 - the reliability program provisions, as well as GfW 002. A brief survey of the contents of the QA Plan is shown. It should be noted that QA activity dealing with parts procurement is partially covered in a separate presentation entitled "Hi-Rel Parts". Supplementary quality documents are shown.

  18. SAPHIRE 8 Volume 6 - Quality Assurance

    SciTech Connect

    C. L. Smith; R. Nims; K. J. Kvarfordt

    2011-03-01

    The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 8 is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. SAPHIRE 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the INL in this project is that of software developer and tester. This development takes place using formal software development procedures and is subject to quality assurance (QA) processes. The purpose of this document is to describe how the SAPHIRE software QA is performed for Version 8, what constitutes its parts, and limitations of those processes. In addition, this document describes the Independent Verification and Validation that was conducted for Version 8 as part of an overall QA process.

  19. [Quality assurance and quality improvement. Personal experiences and intentions].

    PubMed

    Roche, B G; Sommer, C

    1995-01-01

    In may 1994 we were selected by the surgical Swiss association to make a study about quality in USA. During our travel we visited 3 types of institutions: Hospitals, National Institute of standard and Technology, Industry, Johnson & Johnson. We appreciate to compare 2 types of quality programs: Quality Assurance (QA) and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI). In traditional healthcare circles, QA is the process established to meet external regulatory requirements and to assure that patient care is consistent with established standards. In a modern quality terms, QA outside of healthcare means designing a product or service, as well as controlling its production, so well that quality is inevitable. The ideas of W. Edward Deming is that there is never improvement just by inspection. He developed a theory based on 14 principles. A productive work is accomplished through processes. Understanding the variability of processes is a key to improve quality. Quality management sees each person in an organisation as part of one or more processes. The job of every worker is to receive the work of others, add value to that work, and supply it to the next person in the process. This is called the triple role the workers as customer, processor, and supplier. The main source of quality defects is problems in the process. The old assumption is that quality fails when people do the right thing wrong; the new assumption is that, more often, quality failures arise when people do the wrong think right. Exhortation, incentives and discipline of workers are unlikely to improve quality. If quality is failing when people do their jobs as designed, then exhorting them to do better is managerial nonsense. Modern quality theory is customer focused. Customers are identified internally and externally. The modern approach to quality is thoroughly grounded in scientific and statistical thinking. Like in medicine, the symptom is a defect in quality. The therapist of process must perform diagnostic test, formulate hypotheses of cause, test those hypotheses, apply remedies, and assess the effect of remedies. Total employee involvement is critical. A power comes from enabling all employees to become involved in quality improvement. A great advantage of CQI is the prevention orientation of the concept. The CQI permeated a collegial approach, people learn how to work together to improve. CQI is a time consuming procedure. During our travel we learned the definition of quality as the customer satisfaction. To build a CQI concept in employed time but all employed are involved in quality improvement. Applying CQI we could be able to refuse Quality control programs. PMID:8581805

  20. Quality-assurance/quality-control aspects of precipitation monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Schroder, L.J.; Malo, B.A. (U.S. Geological Survey, Lakewood, CO (US))

    1987-01-01

    The measurement process for precipitation monitoring includes all the components from the collection point to the publication of the data. Seven components identified by a workshop are (in order of their importance): site selection and equipment set-up; sample analysis; sample collection; equipment selection; data recording; data validation; and sample handling. The authors discuss how each component needs to be addressed by the quality-assurance program. This paper describes one approach to address each of the components of the measurement process.

  1. SCIENTIFIC NOTE Variations in daily quality assurance dosimetry from device

    E-print Network

    Yu, K.N.

    SCIENTIFIC NOTE Variations in daily quality assurance dosimetry from device levelling, feet are effective tools for analysis of daily dosimetry including flatness, symmetry, energy, field size and central these backscattering effects. Keywords Radiotherapy Á Quality assurance Á Dosimetry Á X-rays Introduction Radiotherapy

  2. Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Vance, L.M.

    1993-07-01

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

  3. Policy of quality assurance in Hong Kong preschools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2007-01-01

    This article discusses the sources, processes and impact of the quality assurance policy implemented in Hong Kong preschools. Regarded as a sort of policy alignment between the subsystems of pre?primary, primary and secondary education, the introduction of a quality assurance policy has been directly and indirectly transforming the settlements in the preschool context. The first section of this article examines

  4. Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework: A Critical Response

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heap, James

    2013-01-01

    Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework (QAF) is reviewed and found not to meet all five criteria proposed for a strong quality assurance system focused on student learning. The QAF requires a statement of student learning outcomes and a method and means of assessing those outcomes, but it does not require that data on achievement of intended…

  5. Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes. ENQA Workshop Report 19

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frederiks, Mark; Grifoll, Josep; Hiltunen, Kirsi; Hopbach, Achim

    2012-01-01

    In view of the Bologna ministerial conference to be held in April 2012 in Bucharest, ENQA organised a seminar in September 2011 on Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes in collaboration with the Austrian Accreditation Council (OAR). The purpose of this seminar was twofold: first, to analyse the experience already gained in quality assurance of…

  6. Information and Quality Assurance: An Unsolved, Perpetual Problem for Past and Future Generations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey M. Voas; Linda Wilbanks

    2008-01-01

    Quality assurance is well understood in the hardware\\/manufacturing community but not necessarily within the software community. The meaning of Information assurance depends on who you ask; those in the computer security field interpret information assurance as the need to protect the information, those in quality assurance relate information assurance to the quality of the information. Software assurance ranks even poorer

  7. 10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality...alternatively, the use of descriptive text; (4) The elimination of quality assurance program information that...

  8. Development and implementation challenges of a quality assured HIV infant diagnosis program in Nigeria using dried blood spots and DNA polymerase chain reaction.

    PubMed

    Audu, Rosemary; Onwuamah, Chika; Salu, Olumuyiwa; Okwuraiwe, Azuka; Ou, Chin-Yih; Bolu, Omotayo; Bond, Kyle B; Diallo, Karidia; Lu, Lydia; Jelpe, Tapdiyel; Okoye, McPaul; Ngige, Evelyn; Vertefeuille, John

    2015-04-01

    Nigeria has one of the highest HIV burdens as well as mother-to-infant transmission rates in the world. A pilot program using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based testing of dried blood spot (DBS) specimens was implemented to enable early identification of HIV-infected infants and timely referral and linkage to care. From February 2007 to October 2008, whole blood was collected by finger prick to prepare DBS from infants <18 months presenting in six public mother-and-child health facilities in Lagos, Nigeria. The DBS were tested using the Roche Amplicor HIV-1 DNA Test, v1.5. To monitor laboratory testing quality, all of the PCR-positive and 10% of the PCR-negative DBS were retested by the same method at another reference laboratory. Three hundred and sixty-five randomly selected infants were screened using HIV rapid tests (RT) according to the national algorithm and RT-negative and PCR-positive specimens were also tested using Genscreen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA) (Bio-Rad, France). The turnaround time (TAT) from sample collection, testing, and dispatching of results from each health facility was monitored. A total of 1,273 infants with a median age of 12.6 weeks (1 day to 71.6 weeks) participated in the program and 280 (22.0%) were PCR positive. HIV transmission levels varied greatly in the different health facilities ranging from 7.1% to 38.4%. Infants aged 48 to 72 weeks had the highest level of PCR positivity (41.1%). All PCR-positive specimens were confirmed by retesting. The mean turnaround time from DBS collection to returning of the laboratory result to the health facilities was 25 days. Three infants were found to be HIV antibody negative by rapid tests but were positive by both PCR and the fourth generation EIA. The DBS-based PCR program accurately identified all of the HIV-infected infants. However, many programmatic challenges related to the laboratory and TAT were identified. PMID:25381805

  9. The Award of the PhD Degree in Kenyan Universities: A Quality Assurance Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayiro, Laban P.; Sang, James K.

    2011-01-01

    This article attempts to bring to the fore the need for enhanced quality assurance processes in the award of PhDs by Kenyan universities. The findings reveal that quality challenges exist in the institutional processes established for the award of this advanced degree across the universities in the country. It is hoped that the findings will stir…

  10. Chiropractic quality assurance: standards and guidelines

    PubMed Central

    Gatterman, Meridel I; Dobson, Thomas P; LeFevbre, Ron

    2001-01-01

    Chiropractic quality assurance involves development of both clinical guidelines and standards. Confusion generated by poor differentiation of guidelines from standards contributes to mistrust of the guideline development process. Guidelines are considered to be recommendations that allow for flexibility and individual patient differences. Standards are more binding and require a high level of supporting evidence. While guidelines serve as educational tools to improve the quality of practice, standards that outline minimum competency are used more as administrative tools on which to base policy. Barriers to development of clinical guidelines and standards include fear that they will create prescriptive “cookbook” practice, and the distrust that guidelines are developed primarily for cost containment. Clinicians also criticize guidelines developed by academics that don't relate to practice, and those based on evidence that lacks clinical relevance. Conflicting guidelines perceived to be based on strong bias or conflict of interest are also suspect. To reduce barriers to acceptance and implementation, guidelines should be inclusive, patient-centered, and based on a variety of evidence and clinical experience.

  11. Quality Assurance Program for Molecular Medicine Laboratories

    PubMed Central

    Hajia, M; Safadel, N; Samiee, S Mirab; Dahim, P; Anjarani, S; Nafisi, N; Sohrabi, A; Rafiee, M; Sabzavi, F; Entekhabi, B

    2013-01-01

    Background: Molecular diagnostic methods have played and continuing to have a critical role in clinical laboratories in recent years. Therefore, standardization is an evolutionary process that needs to be upgrade with increasing scientific knowledge, improvement of the instruments and techniques. The aim of this study was to design a quality assurance program in order to have similar conditions for all medical laboratories engaging with molecular tests. Methods: We had to design a plan for all four elements; required space conditions, equipments, training, and basic guidelines. Necessary guidelines was prepared and confirmed by the launched specific committee at the Health Reference Laboratory. Results: Several workshops were also held for medical laboratories directors and staffs, quality control manager of molecular companies, directors and nominees from universities. Accreditation of equipments and molecular material was followed parallel with rest of program. Now we are going to accredit medical laboratories and to evaluate the success of the program. Conclusion: Accreditation of medical laboratory will be succeeding if its basic elements are provided in advance. Professional practice guidelines, holding training and performing accreditation the molecular materials and equipments ensured us that laboratories are aware of best practices, proper interpretation, limitations of techniques, and technical issues. Now, active external auditing can improve the applied laboratory conditions toward the defined standard level. PMID:23865028

  12. Chapter 5: Quality assurance/quality control in stormwater sampling

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Sampling the quality of stormwater presents unique challenges because stormwater flow is relatively short-lived with drastic variability. Furthermore, storm events often occur with little advance warning, outside conventional work hours, and under adverse weather conditions. Therefore, most stormwat...

  13. Quality assurance in the european higher education area: The emergence of a german market for quality assurance agencies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathia E. Serrano-Velarde

    2008-01-01

    Most European countries have introduced systematic quality assurance as part of an overall governance reform aimed at enhancing universities’ autonomy. Researchers and economic entrepreneurs tend, however, to underestimate the political dimension of accreditation and evaluation when they consider the contribution of quality assurance to the economic competitiveness of universities and\\/or the economic system as a whole. I intend to shed

  14. An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

    2012-01-01

    This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

  15. Quality assurance tool: taking a whole-system approach.

    PubMed

    Dowling, Claire; Patel, Seraphim Jr

    2014-11-27

    The London Cancer Alliance (LCA) has developed the Quality Clinical Board Exception Report (QCBER), a tool that supports delivery of quality assurance across its member organisations through its quality assurance framework and escalation protocol. The process improves quality assurance and performance in terms of patient safety, patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. This article describes how implementation of a robust quality assurance process supported by a simple tool can help healthcare organisations improve patient care and avoid duplication when sharing quality information among providers and across healthcare systems. It also explains how application of the tool can help organisations build evidence of best practice in the five essential Care Quality Commission areas: safety, effectiveness, care, responsiveness and good management. PMID:25428327

  16. Quality assurance in non-interventional studies.

    PubMed

    Theobald, Karlheinz; Capan, Müge; Herbold, Marlis; Schinzel, Stefan; Hundt, Ferdinand

    2009-01-01

    Nowadays, drug research and surveillance after authorisation becomes more and more important for several reasons. Non-interventional studies (NIS) investigate various aspects of drug use including efficacy and safety under real life conditions. Such kind of health services research should be on a high scientific, methodological and organisational level. Therefore accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality are highly recommended. The aim of quality management is: first to avoid bias of results by using an appropriate study design and an adequate data analysis, second to assure authenticity, completeness and validity of the data and third to identify and resolve deficiencies at an early stage. Basic principles are laid down in corresponding guidelines and recommendations of authorities, institutes and societies. Various guidelines for good epidemiological practice (GEP) were published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and international and regional societies for epidemiology. In addition in Germany the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) together with the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI) and the German Association of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (VFA) have published respectively recommendations dealing with quality aspects of non-interventional observational studies. Key points are the advanced publishing of information about the project, developing of a study plan/protocol containing the scientific objectives, a sample size justification and a description of the planned analyses and the publishing of a summary of the results timely after completion of the study. The quality of the data can be improved by using standardized case report forms (CRF) and the CRF should be reviewed and tested before start of study by some participants. A source data verification (SDV) should be performed in randomly selected centres - in between 2% and 5% of the centres depending on the number of participating centres. Before start of statistical analysis a statistical analysis plan (SAP) should be created. The use of standardized tables and figures is highly recommended. The basis of the report writing should be the STROBE-statement "Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology Initiative" containing a checklist of 22 points to be covered in the report. The development of own standard operating procedures (SOP) describing the processes during planning, conduct and evaluation of a non-interventional study as well as the quality management and the regular training of all involved people is also highly recommended. All accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality of the NIS should not violate the concept of non-intervention. PMID:19949447

  17. Research and development quality assurance planning

    SciTech Connect

    Hoke, P.B.

    1990-05-14

    Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity of control provided by quality-related systems is commensurate with the importance and scope of the activities being performed. Good scientific practices applied to small bench-scale projects may require minimal additional controls. As projects increase in size and complexity the controls imposed through planning must, by necessity, be increased. Research and development QA planning, just like any other planning, involves all affected individuals. The application of control systems is determined by factors such as customer or sponsor requirements, the importance of an item or activity to the experiment's success, and the organizational complexity of the project. Many larger experiments are highly dependent on quality-related support activities such as calibration, engineering design, and inspection provided by organizations outside the R D group. Since, in most cases, the expense of support activities is taken directly from funds available for research, it is important for the researchers to be involved in the planning efforts to help determine and agree with the level of QA effort required. A single plan will often suffice for organizations engaged in large numbers of similar experiments. Complex experiments may require unique QA plans or additions to existing plans. Once implemented, the R D QA plans, like any others, require audits or surveillances and may require revisions if the scope of the experiment changes. 1 ref., 1 fig.

  18. 48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance functions...Clauses 1852.246-71 Government contract quality assurance functions...insert the following clause: Government Contract Quality Assurance...

  19. 48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance functions...Clauses 1852.246-71 Government contract quality assurance functions...insert the following clause: Government Contract Quality Assurance...

  20. 48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance functions...Clauses 1852.246-71 Government contract quality assurance functions...insert the following clause: Government Contract Quality Assurance...

  1. 48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance functions...Clauses 1852.246-71 Government contract quality assurance functions...insert the following clause: Government Contract Quality Assurance...

  2. 38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...of confidential and privileged quality assurance records or documents...confidential and privileged quality assurance records and documents...be held longer if needed for research studies or quality assurance or legal...

  3. Screening radiation exposure for quality assurance.

    PubMed

    Bastião Silva, Luís A; Ribeiro, Luís S; Santos, Milton; Costa, Carlos; Oliveira, José Luís

    2014-01-01

    Quality assurance for planned radiation exposure situations (e.g. Digital Radiography, Computed Tomography or Radio Fluoroscopic studies) requires the application of examination-specific scans protocols. These are tailored to patient age or size, body region and clinical indication for ensuring that the dose applied to each patient is as low as reasonably achievable for the clinical purpose of the image acquisition (ALARA principle). The European legal framework--2013/59/EURATOM--points that health authorities will be more pervasive on inspecting the dosimetry applied to patients. This paper discusses these legal alterations and presents an interoperable distributed system for dose monitoring, which is compliant with legal procedures and the IHE Radiation Exposure Monitoring profile (REM). The system combines the most representative stakeholders affected and directly interested in the patient radiological protection: patients, radiologists, practitioners, health authorities, and ethics committee. The system is capable of gathering, in real-time, dose information applied to the patient and storing it in a regional or national wide dose registry. The paper addresses which information should such systems hold and which should be accessed, from each stakeholder perspective. Furthermore, the system may detect irregular dose patterns, which could indicate dose abuses, and signal those findings to the appropriate stakeholders. PMID:25160261

  4. Improved quality assurance testing of respirator filters

    SciTech Connect

    Soderholm, S.C.; Strandberg, S.W.; Ortiz, L.W.; Nielsen, S.D.; Tillery, M.I.; Gerber, B.V.; Ettinger, H.J.

    1985-05-01

    The overall objective of this project was to evaluate alternative materials, devices, and procedures that could improve performance test methods for high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters and media and could lead to a new generation of quality assurance (QA) test equipment. Shortcomings of the current QA test equipment and procedures include the use of di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), a suspect carcinogen, and ambiguities in particle sizing and penetration measurement. Evaluation of a prototype replacement penetrometer system built for the US Army by A. D. Little, Inc., revealed serious deficiencies in aerosol generation and particle sizing. Studies of chemical degradation in circumstances approximating use conditions and of particle size stability in high-humidity conditions suggested that tetraethylene glycol and oleic acid might be appropriate DEHP substitutes in a new generation of flash vaporization generators of QA test aerosols. The successful completion of this project provided a solid foundation for proceeding in the assembly and testing of improved penetrometers for QA testing of HEPA respirator filters. 109 refs., 20 figs., 13 tabs.

  5. The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2007-01-10

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

  6. QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM 1997 BNL Site Environmental Report 10 -1

    E-print Network

    the objectives of the environmental program; line managers achieve quality in their product or services&HS Division appointed a Quality Representative and Quality Management Team (QMT) to assist, assess, advise was developed to ensure compliance with QA requirements established by DOE in Orders 5700.6C, Quality Assurance

  7. Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: Some Common Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law, Dennis Chung Sea

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this…

  8. 48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  9. 48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  10. 48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 5 2011-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  11. 48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  12. 48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at source...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  13. 48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  14. 48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 5 2014-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  15. 48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  16. 48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at source...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  17. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at destination...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  18. 48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  19. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at destination...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  20. 48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at source...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  1. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at destination...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  2. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at destination...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  3. 48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at source...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  4. 48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  5. 48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  6. 48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 5 2013-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  7. 48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 5 2012-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408...Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  8. 48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  9. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at destination...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  10. 48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  11. 48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01... Government contract quality assurance at source...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  12. 48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  13. 48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  14. 48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  15. 48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  16. 48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01...of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  17. 48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  18. QUALITY ASSURANCE / QUALITY CONTROL MANUAL FOR THE LOWER CAPE FEAR RIVER PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Mallin, Michael

    QUALITY ASSURANCE / QUALITY CONTROL MANUAL FOR THE LOWER CAPE FEAR RIVER PROGRAM Aquatic Ecology and Quality Control (QA/QC) procedures developed for the Lower Cape Fear River Program (LCFRP) in association Science (UNCW-CMS). The primary goal of this quality assurance/quality control plan is to provide

  19. Validation of a quality assurance program for autologous cultured chondrocyte implantation.

    PubMed

    Mayhew, T A; Williams, G R; Senica, M A; Kuniholm, G; Du Moulin, G C

    1998-01-01

    The use of living human cells to facilitate repair of defects in structural tissues is a rapidly emerging treatment option. A quality assurance program based on U.S. Food and Drug Administration good manufacturing practice regulations and other guidance was established and implemented in a program to use autologous cultured chondrocytes for repair of articular defects of the knee. The development of ex vivo cell therapies presents novel issues of quality assurance. The implementation and evaluation of this quality program was based on the implantation of 303 patients with autologous cultured chondrocytes, in which we analyzed a number of quantifiable parameters and which meets the unique challenges of autologous cell therapy within a rigorous regulatory framework. Application of well-accepted principles of quality assurance and quality control coupled with a thorough understanding of the cell culturing processes will result in a safe and efficacious cell therapy product. PMID:9836795

  20. Delivery quality assurance with ArcCHECK

    SciTech Connect

    Neilson, Christopher; Klein, Michael; Barnett, Rob [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario (Canada); Yartsev, Slav, E-mail: slav.yartsev@lhsc.on.ca [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario (Canada)

    2013-04-01

    Radiation therapy requires delivery quality assurance (DQA) to ensure that treatment is accurate and closely follows the plan. We report our experience with the ArcCHECK phantom and investigate its potential optimization for the DQA process. One-hundred seventy DQA plans from 84 patients were studied. Plans were classified into 2 groups: those with the target situated on the diodes of the ArcCHECK (D plans) and those with the target situated at the center (C plans). Gamma pass rates for 8 target sites were examined. The parameters used to analyze the data included 3%/3 mm with the Van Dyk percent difference criteria (VD) on, 3%/3 mm with the VD off, 2%/2 mm with the VD on, and x/3 mm with the VD on and the percentage dosimetric agreement “x” for diode plans adjusted. D plans typically displayed maximum planned dose (MPD) on the cylindrical surface containing ArcCHECK diodes than center plans, resulting in inflated gamma pass rates. When this was taken into account by adjusting the percentage dosimetric agreement, C plans outperformed D plans by an average of 3.5%. ArcCHECK can streamline the DQA process, consuming less time and resources than radiographic films. It is unnecessary to generate 2 DQA plans for each patient; a single center plan will suffice. Six of 8 target sites consistently displayed pass rates well within our acceptance criteria; the lesser performance of head and neck and spinal sites can be attributed to marginally lower doses and increased high gradient of plans.

  1. 7 CFR 56.39 - Quality assurance inspector required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Prerequisites to Packaging Shell Eggs Identified with Grademarks § 56.39 Quality assurance inspector...

  2. 7 CFR 56.39 - Quality assurance inspector required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Prerequisites to Packaging Shell Eggs Identified with Grademarks § 56.39 Quality assurance inspector...

  3. 7 CFR 56.39 - Quality assurance inspector required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Prerequisites to Packaging Shell Eggs Identified with Grademarks § 56.39 Quality assurance inspector...

  4. 7 CFR 56.39 - Quality assurance inspector required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Prerequisites to Packaging Shell Eggs Identified with Grademarks § 56.39 Quality assurance inspector...

  5. QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT - 1990-1993 EMAP VIRGINIAN PROVINCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report documents the results of Quality Assurance activities conducted in conjunction with sampling performed by EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's Estuaries study (EMAP-Estuaries) in the Virginian Province from 1990 through 1993. s part of the planning ...

  6. Simultaneous Analysis and Quality Assurance for Diffusion Tensor Imaging

    PubMed Central

    Lauzon, Carolyn B.; Asman, Andrew J.; Esparza, Michael L.; Burns, Scott S.; Fan, Qiuyun; Gao, Yurui; Anderson, Adam W.; Davis, Nicole; Cutting, Laurie E.; Landman, Bennett A.

    2013-01-01

    Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) enables non-invasive, cyto-architectural mapping of in vivo tissue microarchitecture through voxel-wise mathematical modeling of multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisitions, each differently sensitized to water diffusion. DTI computations are fundamentally estimation processes and are sensitive to noise and artifacts. Despite widespread adoption in the neuroimaging community, maintaining consistent DTI data quality remains challenging given the propensity for patient motion, artifacts associated with fast imaging techniques, and the possibility of hardware changes/failures. Furthermore, the quantity of data acquired per voxel, the non-linear estimation process, and numerous potential use cases complicate traditional visual data inspection approaches. Currently, quality inspection of DTI data has relied on visual inspection and individual processing in DTI analysis software programs (e.g. DTIPrep, DTI-studio). However, recent advances in applied statistical methods have yielded several different metrics to assess noise level, artifact propensity, quality of tensor fit, variance of estimated measures, and bias in estimated measures. To date, these metrics have been largely studied in isolation. Herein, we select complementary metrics for integration into an automatic DTI analysis and quality assurance pipeline. The pipeline completes in 24 hours, stores statistical outputs, and produces a graphical summary quality analysis (QA) report. We assess the utility of this streamlined approach for empirical quality assessment on 608 DTI datasets from pediatric neuroimaging studies. The efficiency and accuracy of quality analysis using the proposed pipeline is compared with quality analysis based on visual inspection. The unified pipeline is found to save a statistically significant amount of time (over 70%) while improving the consistency of QA between a DTI expert and a pool of research associates. Projection of QA metrics to a low dimensional manifold reveal qualitative, but clear, QA-study associations and suggest that automated outlier/anomaly detection would be feasible. PMID:23637895

  7. Simultaneous analysis and quality assurance for diffusion tensor imaging.

    PubMed

    Lauzon, Carolyn B; Asman, Andrew J; Esparza, Michael L; Burns, Scott S; Fan, Qiuyun; Gao, Yurui; Anderson, Adam W; Davis, Nicole; Cutting, Laurie E; Landman, Bennett A

    2013-01-01

    Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) enables non-invasive, cyto-architectural mapping of in vivo tissue microarchitecture through voxel-wise mathematical modeling of multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisitions, each differently sensitized to water diffusion. DTI computations are fundamentally estimation processes and are sensitive to noise and artifacts. Despite widespread adoption in the neuroimaging community, maintaining consistent DTI data quality remains challenging given the propensity for patient motion, artifacts associated with fast imaging techniques, and the possibility of hardware changes/failures. Furthermore, the quantity of data acquired per voxel, the non-linear estimation process, and numerous potential use cases complicate traditional visual data inspection approaches. Currently, quality inspection of DTI data has relied on visual inspection and individual processing in DTI analysis software programs (e.g. DTIPrep, DTI-studio). However, recent advances in applied statistical methods have yielded several different metrics to assess noise level, artifact propensity, quality of tensor fit, variance of estimated measures, and bias in estimated measures. To date, these metrics have been largely studied in isolation. Herein, we select complementary metrics for integration into an automatic DTI analysis and quality assurance pipeline. The pipeline completes in 24 hours, stores statistical outputs, and produces a graphical summary quality analysis (QA) report. We assess the utility of this streamlined approach for empirical quality assessment on 608 DTI datasets from pediatric neuroimaging studies. The efficiency and accuracy of quality analysis using the proposed pipeline is compared with quality analysis based on visual inspection. The unified pipeline is found to save a statistically significant amount of time (over 70%) while improving the consistency of QA between a DTI expert and a pool of research associates. Projection of QA metrics to a low dimensional manifold reveal qualitative, but clear, QA-study associations and suggest that automated outlier/anomaly detection would be feasible. PMID:23637895

  8. The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-03-12

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

  9. DOE standard: Quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    This standard establishes essential elements for the quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters by US Department of Energy (DOE)-accepted Filter Test Facilities (FTF). The standard specifies HEPA filter quality assurance inspection and testing practices established in DOE-STD-3022-98, DOE HEPA Filter Test Program, and provides a basis for the preparation of written operating procedures for primary FTF functions.

  10. NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fishler, B

    2011-03-18

    Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

  11. Quality assurance planning for lunar Mars exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Myers, Kay

    1991-01-01

    A review is presented of the tools and techniques required to meet the challenge of total quality in the goal of traveling to Mars and returning to the moon. One program used by NASA to ensure the integrity of baselined requirements documents is configuration management (CM). CM is defined as an integrated management process that documents and identifies the functional and physical characteristics of a facility's systems, structures, computer software, and components. It also ensures that changes to these characteristics are properly assessed, developed, approved, implemented, verified, recorded, and incorporated into the facility's documentation. Three principal areas are discussed that will realize significant efficiencies and enhanced effectiveness, change assessment, change avoidance, and requirements management.

  12. Modified aerospace reliability and quality assurance method for wind turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klein, W. E.

    1980-01-01

    The safety, reliability, and quality assurance (SR&QA) approach developed for the first large wind turbine generator project is described. The SR&QA approach was used to assure that the machine would not be hazardous to the public or operating personnel, would operate unattended on a utility grid, would demonstrate reliable operation and would help establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. A modified failure modes and effects analysis during the design phase, minimal hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation were presented.

  13. Student Involvement in the Egyptian Quality Assurance System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elassy, Noha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the extent and the quality of student involvement in the quality assurance process (QAP) in Egyptian higher education institutions (HEIs). Design/methodology/approach: In this study, two qualitative methods were used to explore the extent and the quality of student involvement; these were focus groups…

  14. 42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...discovery, remediation and quality improvement in order to learn...system improvement. (b) The quality assurance and improvement...self-directed State plan option. Quality of care measures must be made...CMS upon request and include indicators approved or prescribed by...

  15. Challenge theme 2: assuring water availability and quality in the 21st century: Chapter 4 in United States--Mexican Borderlands--facing tomorrow’s challenges through USGS science

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Callegary, James; Langeman, Jeff; Leenhouts, Jim; Martin, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Along the United States–Mexican border, the health of communities, economies, and ecosystems is inextricably intertwined with the availability and quality of water, but effective water management in the Borderlands is complicated. Water users compete for resources, and their needs are increasing. Managers are faced with issues such as finding a balance between agriculture and rapidly growing cities or maintaining public supplies while ensuring sufficient resources for aquatic ecosystems. In addition to human factors, the dry climate of the Borderlands, as compared to more temperate regions, also increases the challenge of balancing water supplies between humans and ecosystems. Warmer, drier, and more variable conditions across the southwestern United States—the projected results of climate change (Seager and others, 2007)—would further stress water supplies.

  16. Quality assurance/quality control manual; National Water Quality Laboratory

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Pritt, J.W.; Raese, J.W.

    1995-01-01

    Quality-control practices are established for the operation of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Water Quality Laboratory. These practices specify how samples are preserved, shipped, and analyzed in the Laboratory. This manual documents the practices that are currently (1995) used in the Laboratory.

  17. Accreditation and Assuring Quality in Distance Learning. CHEA Monograph Series, 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council for Higher Education Accreditation, Washington, DC.

    This report describes the scope and impact of distance learning on higher education and identifies the primary challenges that distance learning poses for accreditation. The responses of the accrediting community designed to assure quality in distance learning are outlined. Data from a variety of sources show that 5,655 institutions are accredited…

  18. Using Chat to Support Collaborative Learning: Quality Assurance Strategies to Promote Success

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ute Linder; Rebecca Rochon

    2003-01-01

    This paper explores the challenges that the design and realization of web-based collaborative learning activities present for authors, tutors and learners, and suggests how the quality of such activities can be assured. The discussion is based on a case study in Business English: adult learners with a non-academic background worked in 19 small groups consisting of three participants each to

  19. Design and Rationale of a Quality Assurance Process for a Scientific Framework

    E-print Network

    Paech, Barbara

    Design and Rationale of a Quality Assurance Process for a Scientific Framework Hanna Remmel of scientific frameworks is a challenging task. The special characteristics of scientific software e.g. missing test oracle, the need for high performance parallel computing, and high priority of non

  20. Renewing Quality Assurance at a Time of Turbulence: An Attempt to Reenergise Quality in Australian Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shah, Mahsood; Nair, Chenicheri Sid

    2011-01-01

    The renewal of quality assurance in Australian higher education comes at a time when the higher education sectors in Australia and around the world are experiencing a number of key challenges. These include: ongoing decline in public funding of universities; the massification of higher education and demand for it during global recession;…

  1. A workbook for preparing a district quality- assurance plan for water-quality activities

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schertz, Terry L.; Childress, Carolyn J.O.; Kelly, Valerie J.; Boucher, Michelle S.; Pederson, Gary L.

    1998-01-01

    APPEARS TO BE A REPORT ON HOW TO WRITE REPORTS --THE 'ABSTRACT' THAT FOLLOWS IS JUST THE GENERIC ABSTRACT TO BE USED FOR WATER USE REPORTS: In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the [State name] District in conducting water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the [State name] District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the District quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and to supplement the [State name] District quality-assurance plan.

  2. Quality assurance in age estimation based on aspartic acid racemisation.

    PubMed

    Ritz-Timme, S; Rochholz, G; Schütz, H W; Collins, M J; Waite, E R; Cattaneo, C; Kaatsch, H J

    2000-01-01

    Estimates of the age of living and dead individuals, obtained in order to answer legal or social questions, require minimum quality standards in order to guarantee data quality. We present an outline strategy (with recommendations) for the attainment of quality assurance in age estimation based on aspartic acid racemisation. The strategy is based on a definition of minimum standards for laboratories, including documentation of procedures, methodology and levels of expertise, and the formulation of guidelines for intralaboratory and interlaboratory quality control. PMID:11197635

  3. LOVE CANAL MONITORING PROGRAM. GCA QA/QC (QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL) SUMMARY REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    One of the most important responsibilities of the Love Canal prime contractor was the institution and maintenance of a quality assurance program. An important objective of the quality assurance program was to alert the subcontractors to the importance of high quality work on thei...

  4. 2011 SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Status Report

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt G. Vedros

    2011-09-01

    The Software Quality Assurance engineer position was created in fiscal year 2011 to better maintain and improve the quality of the SAPHIRE 8 development program. This year's Software Quality Assurance tasks concentrated on developing the framework of the SQA program. This report reviews the accomplishments and recommendations for each of the subtasks set forth for JCN V6059: (1) Reviews, Tests, and Code Walkthroughs; (2) Data Dictionary; (3) Metrics; (4) Requirements Traceability Matrix; (5) Provide Oversight on SAPHIRE QA Activities; and (6) Support NRC Presentations and Meetings.

  5. Difficulties implementing a quality assurance program at a national laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    Bussolini, P.L.

    1989-01-01

    Personnel who perform scientific research are highly educated, highly motivated professionals who are often leaders in their fields. A recent survey of researchers at Los Alamos shows that they like freedom and peer recognition, and dislike red tape. Rigid, prescriptive quality assurance programs are often fail because they are perceived to limit freedom and peer recognition and enhance red tape. This paper will present some of the reasons for research personnel to have rebelled against quality assurance programs and will offer suggestions for the development of a meaningful and successful quality program.

  6. Overview of quality assurance for medical devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Troy Nagle

    1992-01-01

    Medical devices can have very stringent performance requirements. The life of a critically ill patient can be determined by the quality of the monitoring and therapeutic devices being used in his or her treatment. But how is quality guaranteed? What are the characteristics of a medical device that determine its quality? The author discusses the methods used for designing quality

  7. 302:20130613.1452 Quality Assurance Group

    E-print Network

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    into the quality management system. A focus on continual improvement, regular review, and assessment of the system is available to help you achieve your quality goals. LASP's approach to quality management is designed around the ISO 9001:2008 standard for quality systems. All elements of the ISO model are incorporated

  8. Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) quality assurance expert systems development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angelita C. Kelly; Lisa Basile; Troy Ames; Janice Watson; William Dallam

    1987-01-01

    Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) expert system prototypes have been developed to assist in the quality assurance of Spacelab and\\/or Attached Shuttle Payload (ASP) processed telemetry data. SLDPF functions include the capturing, quality monitoring, processing, accounting, and forwarding of mission data to various user facilities. Prototypes for the two SLDPF functional elements, the Spacelab Output Processing System and the Spacelab

  9. Quality Assurance System for Earth Science Data and Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. V. Koziana; J. Olson; W. Lu; T. M. Anselmo; D. B. Ramsayer

    2008-01-01

    The US Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) vision for the observing systems will bring a wide variety of real-time data from a distributed sensor network. Data quality assurance is the foundation that allows the earth science data and information to be used to create environmental data records and climate data records. We have developed a scalar, modular automated data quality

  10. Quality Assurance in Online Education: The Universitas 21 Global Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chua, Alton; Lam, Wing

    2007-01-01

    Despite the proliferation of online education, concerns remain about the quality of online programmes. Quality assurance (QA) has become a prominent issue, not only for educational institutions and accreditors, but also for students and employers alike. This paper describes some of the rather unique QA processes used at Universitas 21 Global…

  11. Quality Assurance and Transparency Tools. ENQA Workshop Report 15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costes, Nathalie; Hopbach, Achim; Kekalainen, Helka; van IJperen, Robin; Walsh, Padraig

    2010-01-01

    The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA) realises that there is a steadily growing interest among students and all stakeholders of Higher Education and the public at large in accessing detailed and reliable information on the quality of individual study programmes, faculties and higher education institutions. ENQA…

  12. Nuclear Technology Series. Course 31: Quality-Assurance Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

    This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

  13. Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: The Student Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Law, Dennis Chung Sea

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: A major focus of the recent research into the quality of post-secondary education is the centrality of the student experience. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on studies addressing such a focus to shed light on how quality assurance (QA) practices can be improved. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews some…

  14. Quality Assurance Systems, TQM, and the New Collegialism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Lee

    This report discusses the application of the International Organization for Standards's ISO9000 quality assurance standard and Total Quality Management (TQM) to higher education in light of the "new collegialism." It defines the basic elements of ISO9000 and TQM, reviews the strengths and weaknesses of both approaches, and notes efforts to…

  15. QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN: 1991 EMAP WETLANDS SOUTHEASTERN PILOT STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Quality Assurance (QA) methodology, as set forth in this plan is used to insure the QA objectives of the study are met. ll participants must be impressed from the beginning with importance of maintaining a commitment to quality throughout the project. raining field personnel is a...

  16. Quality assured measurements of animal building emissions: gas concentrations.

    PubMed

    Heber, Albert J; Ni, Ji-Qin; Lim, Teng T; Tao, Pei-Chun; Schmidt, Amy M; Koziel, Jacek A; Beasley, David B; Hoff, Steven J; Nicolai, Richard E; Jacobson, Larry D; Zhang, Yuanhui

    2006-10-01

    Comprehensive field studies were initiated in 2002 to measure emissions of ammonia (NH3), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), particulate matter <10 microm in diameter, and total suspended particulate from swine and poultry production buildings in the United States. This paper focuses on the quasicontinuous gas concentration measurement at multiple locations among paired barns in seven states. Documented principles, used in air pollution monitoring at industrial sources, were applied in developing quality assurance (QA) project plans for these studies. Air was sampled from multiple locations with each gas analyzed with one high quality commercial gas analyzer that was located in an environmentally controlled on-farm instrument shelter. A nominal 4 L/min gas sampling system was designed and constructed with Teflon wetted surfaces, bypass pumping, and sample line flow and pressure sensors. Three-way solenoids were used to automatically switch between multiple gas sampling lines with > or =10 min sampling intervals. Inside and outside gas sampling probes were between 10 and 115 m away from the analyzers. Analyzers used chemiluminescence, fluorescence, photoacoustic infrared, and photoionization detectors for NH3, H2S, CO2, CH4, and NMHC, respectively. Data were collected using personal computer-based data acquisition hardware and software. This paper discusses the methodology of gas concentration measurements and the unique challenges that livestock barns pose for achieving desired accuracy and precision, data representativeness, comparability and completeness, and instrument calibration and maintenance. PMID:17063869

  17. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i...Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements. The Director of the...

  18. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i...Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements. The Director of the...

  19. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i...Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements. The Director of the...

  20. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i...Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements. The Director of the...

  1. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i...Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements. The Director of the...

  2. Quality assurance in production of medical devices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Kuba

    2003-01-01

    An introducing and development of the quality system at any production or service is necessary assumption to be prosperous in opened market. Special attention has to be devoted to tasks of the quality of medical devices production, because an incidental use of the technical of poor quality product, can be caused of the health loss or can directly endanger the

  3. Quality assurance mechanisms for the unregulated research environment.

    PubMed

    Riedl, Denise Hanway; Dunn, Michael K

    2013-10-01

    Discussions on research quality and reproducibility are appearing in the pages of scientific journals with heightened significance and gaining media attention. Many institutions have developed guidelines to address the topic of quality in basic research, but questions remain about how best to implement and monitor compliance. Herein we present quality assurance (QA) mechanisms developed specifically for the unregulated discovery research environment to preempt growing concerns arising in both academia and industry for data-driven applications of biotechnology. PMID:24054820

  4. Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1993-04-01

    This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

  5. 78 FR 41075 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Single Family Quality Assurance-Solicitation of Information...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-09

    ...evaluating single family quality assurance alternatives...maintains and improves a quality assurance framework...compensation to FHA for defects resulting from the lender manufacturing process, and applies fairly...FHA to use loan quality findings to...

  6. Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

    2004-01-01

    Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

  7. Development of quality assurance methods for epoxy graphite prepreg

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, J. S.; Hunter, A. B.

    1982-01-01

    Quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy/prepregs were developed. Liquid chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, and gel permeation chromatography were investigated. These methods were applied to a second prepreg system. The resin matrix formulation was correlated with mechanical properties. Dynamic mechanical analysis and fracture toughness methods were investigated. The chromatography and calorimetry techniques were all successfully developed as quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy prepregs. The liquid chromatography method was the most sensitive to changes in resin formulation. The were also successfully applied to the second prepreg system.

  8. Quality assurance in the Antares laser fusion construction project

    SciTech Connect

    Reichelt, W.H.

    1984-01-01

    The Antares CO/sub 2/ laser facility came on line in November 1983 as an experimental physics facility; it is the world's largest CO/sub 2/ laser fusion system. Antares is a major component of the Department of Energy's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. Antares is a one-of-a-kind laser system that is used in an experimental environment. Given limited project funds and tight schedules, the quality assurance program was tailored to achieve project goals without imposing oppressive constraints. The discussion will review the Antares quality assurance program and the utility of various portions to completion of the project.

  9. HANDBOOK: QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations for hazardous waste incineration require trial burns by permit applicants. uality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) must accompany a trial burn plan with appropriate quality assurance/quality control procedures. uidance on the prepa...

  10. TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. he document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic drai...

  11. Quality assurance tendering and awarding contracts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1994-12-01

    Standards relating to quality control can be significantly useful when tendering for and awarding contracts. However, because it is sometimes difficult to express these standards in palpable economic terms, they can (practically) never be applied as criteria for awarding contracts in accordance with U.A.R. (Uniform General Standards) 1986. Therefore it would be advisable in the future to regard the availability of a (certified) system of quality control as being a standard requirement. To this end, a paragraph setting requirements for a quality control plan should be included in the specification. A quality control plan will be required on awarding a contract. This envisaged scenario can best achieved through a transitional phase. During this period there will be opportunity enough for removing any shortcomings in the wording and for considering standards to be required and assessment procedures.

  12. The Quality Assurance Program of Organ Donation in Tuscany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Bozzi; A. Saviozzi; P. De Simone; F. Filipponi

    2008-01-01

    Constant monitoring is paramount in order to detect the criticalities and improve the results of the deceased donation process. Concomitant with the institution of a regional transplantation service authority—Organizzazione Toscana Trapianti—in 2003, Tuscany adopted a program of quality assurance of the deceased donation process by compulsory reporting of all encephalic deaths from local intensive care units to the regional transplant

  13. Information Quality Assurance Models for Experts Assessing in Disaster Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ying Su; Jie Peng; Zhanming Jin

    2009-01-01

    Disaster management depends on large volumes of comprehensive, accurate, relevant, on-time information that various organizations systematically create and maintain. One cannot assure information quality (IQ) without first being able to measure it meaningfully and establishing a causal connection between the source of change, the problem types, the types of activities affected, and their implications. In this paper we propose a

  14. Assuring Quality Control of Clinical Education in Multiple Clinical Affiliates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Judith A.

    A plan was developed to assure equivalency of clinical education among the medical laboratory technician (MLT) programs affiliated with Sandhills Community College. The plan was designed by faculty to monitor the quality of clinical courses offered by the clinical affiliates. The major strategies were to develop competencies, slide/tape modules, a…

  15. SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE--SECOND EDITION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Use of the first edition of the "Soil Sampling Quality Assurance User's Guide" as a text in a series of seminars conducted at various U.S. EPA Regional Offices elicited many constructive comments for improvements from seminar attendees. Many of these suggested improvements have b...

  16. FOOD SAFETY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE KEY DRIVERS OF COMPETITIVENESS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ines Jatib

    2003-01-01

    Under an institutional and organizational collapsed environment caused by Argentine cracked economical and political situation, farmers and producers are forced to add value through technological innovation designs in order to be competitive at the international market. Food safety and Quality Assurance systems appear as key drivers of competitiveness. Three emerging models are comparatively analyzed, evaluating real agribusiness that are developing

  17. Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software

    E-print Network

    Jurjens, Jan

    Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jürjens1 , Daniel Reiß2 , and David, Germany Abstract. Software in embedded (e.g. automotive) systems requires a high level of reliability to the automotive sector, characterized by strict safety requirements to com- ponents of a motor vehicle (see [5, 16

  18. FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must...

  19. Quality Assured Assessment Processes: Evaluating Staff Response to Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig; Malau-Aduli, Aduli E. O.

    2011-01-01

    Medical education is not exempt from the increasing societal expectations of accountability and this is evidenced by an increasing number of litigation cases by students who are dissatisfied with their assessment. The time and monetary costs of student appeals makes it imperative that medical schools adopt robust quality assured assessment…

  20. Quality Assurance as Pedagogy for Academic Forensic Anthropology Laboratories

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael W. Warren; Traci Van Deest; Kristina Ballard

    2011-01-01

    A surety-based quality assurance program is the hallmark of an efficient and reliable forensic laboratory, as well as a basic requirement for accreditation and\\/or certification. Most forensic laboratories are staffed by professional scientists who have completed their education and training. However, many, if not most, forensic anthropology laboratories are placed in academic institutions in which graduate education is a primary

  1. GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH

    EPA Science Inventory

    The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

  2. Quality Assurance in Nigerian University Education and Credentialing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omoregie, Norah

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines quality assurance in Nigerian University education and credentialing. The research contends that university education in Nigeria which hitherto enjoyed tremendous global respectability and acceptability is fast loosing its high esteem in the face of labour market and members of community because the currently certified Nigerian…

  3. Automating the Quality Assurance Stage of GONG Data Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Clark; K. Donaldson-Hanna; G. Ladd

    2005-01-01

    An Automated Image Rejection (AIR) program for image quality assurance has been developed for use in processing GONG data. It includes checks for detecting bad images due to weather, obstructions in the field of view (e.g. aircraft at Big Bear), and abnormal instrument operation. Data from a test period were reprocessed through our image calibration pipeline using the AIR program

  4. TECHNOLOGY FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE OF NEW PAVEMENT THICKNESS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth R. Maser; Joseph Holland; Roger Roberts

    Accurate measurement of pavement thickness is an essential aspect of the quality assurance of new pavement construction. Current methods involving the use of cores are time consuming and provide a very limited representation of the overall pavement structure. The overall objective of the work described in this paper was to rapidly determine the average pavement thickness on a newly constructed

  5. Personnel Requirements to Make Software Quality Assurance Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth S. Mendis

    This chapter has a primary focus of software quality assurance (SQA) personnel who perform as evaluators\\/auditors of the software development and management processes and work products. There is recognition of the validation\\/testing activities many SQA personnel perform, but this is not the primary focus in the chapter. Obtaining qualified engineers and keeping them motivated in what they are doing is

  6. Quality Assurance and Gender Discrimination in English Universities: An Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Jayne

    2008-01-01

    The present paper argues that university quality assurance (QA) promotes a masculinist culture leading to systemic discrimination against female academics. The analysis relates to the question of what it is about academic life that results in persistent gender inequality. Based on an ethnographically informed comparative study, textual/discourse…

  7. Quality Assurance Procedures for ModCat Database Code Files

    SciTech Connect

    Siciliano, Edward R.; Devanathan, Ram; Guillen, Zoe C.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

    2014-04-01

    The Quality Assurance procedures used for the initial phase of the Model Catalog Project were developed to attain two objectives, referred to as “basic functionality” and “visualization.” To ensure the Monte Carlo N-Particle model input files posted into the ModCat database meet those goals, all models considered as candidates for the database are tested, revised, and re-tested.

  8. Patient dosimetry quality assurance program with a commerical diode system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Plato C. Lee; Joanna M. Sawicka; Glenn P. Glasgow

    1994-01-01

    The purpose was to evaluate a commercial silicone diode dosimeter for a patient dosimetry quality assurance program. The diode dosimeter was calibrated against an ion chamber, and percentage depth dose, linearity, anisotrophy, virtual source position, and field size factor studies were performed. Correction factors for lack of full scatter medium in the diode entrance and exit dose measurements were acquired.

  9. From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gvaramadze, Irakli

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

  10. Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Summary for the California Rivers and Streams Study

    E-print Network

    APPENDIX 1 Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Summary for the California Rivers and Streams (Bonnema 2011). In general, data quality is demonstrated through analysis of the following quality control may arise so that corrective actions can be implemented. Quality control samples prepared and analyzed

  11. National Ignition Facility quality assurance program plan revision 2

    SciTech Connect

    Wolfe, C R

    1998-06-01

    NIF Project activities will be conducted in a manner consistent with the guidance and direction of the DOE Order on Quality Assurance (414.1), the LLNL QA Program, and the Laser Directorate QA Plan. Quality assurance criteria will be applied in a graded manner to achieve a balance between the rigor of application of QA measures and the scale, cost, and complexity of the work involved. Accountability for quality is everyone? s, extending from the Project Manager through established lines of authority to all Project personnel, who are responsible for the requisite quality of their own work. The NLF QA Program will be implemented by personnel conducting their activities to meet requirements and expectations, according to established plans and procedures that reflect the way business is to be conducted on the Project.

  12. Quality assurance report. EMAP, Virginian province, 1990-1993

    SciTech Connect

    Strobel, C.J.; Valente, R.M.; Keith, D.; Summers, K.; LiVolsi, J.

    1995-09-01

    The report documents the results of Quality Assurance activities conducted in conjunction with sampling performed by EPA`s Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program`s Estuaries study (EMAP-Estuaries) in the Virginian Province from 1990 through 1993. This report discusses the results of Quality Assurance activities by indicator, data qualifier flags, data quality, and, where appropriate, discuss lessons learned, and proposes changes or solutions to improve data quality. A total of 446 Base Sampling Sites were scheduled for sampling over this period. Twenty one stations were eliminated due to inadequate water depth or logistical concerns. Some significant problems were encountered in the chemical analysis of sediment samples resulting in the deletion of some data from the database. The specific problems and a discussion of the data deleted or qualified are included in this report.

  13. Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network in the Czech Republic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniela Kroutil??ková; Josef Novotný; Libor Judas

    2003-01-01

    Introduction: The Czech thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network was established in 1997. Its aim is to pursue a regular independent quality audit in Czech radiotherapy centres and to support state supervision.Materials and methods: The audit is realised via mailed TL dosimetry. The TLD system consists of encapsulated LiF:Mg,Ti powder (type MT-N) read with Harshaw manual reader model 4000. Basic

  14. Quality assurance for plant tissue analysis by ICP?AES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. C. Munter; T. L. Halverson; R. D. Anderson

    1984-01-01

    A survey of 12 service laboratories using ICP?AES for routine plant analysis reveals a variety of sample preparation and instrument calibration procedures in use. With the continued growth of ICP applications in plant analysis laboratories, a need exists for inter?laboratory quality control.The assurance of data quality among laboratories cannot be expected unless a standardization of preparation methods and calibration is

  15. Copyright and the Assurance of Quality Courseware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helm, Virginia M.

    Issues related to the illegal copying or piracy of educational software in the schools and its potential effect on quality software availability are discussed. Copyright violation is examined as a reason some software producers may be abandoning the school software market. An explanation of what the copyright allows and prohibits in terms of…

  16. The Contradictory Managerialism of University Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Ian C.

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates how Australian universities are being disciplined to behave as commercial enterprises by the Australian Universities Quality Agency (AUQA). The manual produced by AUQA, for the purpose of conducting audits of Australian universities, is analysed. I use an analytical framework that provides a means by which a text from the…

  17. SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance Software Metrics Report

    SciTech Connect

    Kurt G. Vedros

    2011-08-01

    The purpose of this review of software metrics is to examine the quality of the metrics gathered in the 2010 IV&V and to set an outline for results of updated metrics runs to be performed. We find from the review that the maintenance of accepted quality standards presented in the SAPHIRE 8 initial Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) of April, 2010 is most easily achieved by continuing to utilize the tools used in that effort while adding a metric of bug tracking and resolution. Recommendations from the final IV&V were to continue periodic measurable metrics such as McCabe's complexity measure to ensure quality is maintained. The four software tools used to measure quality in the IV&V were CodeHealer, Coverage Validator, Memory Validator, Performance Validator, and Thread Validator. These are evaluated based on their capabilities. We attempted to run their latest revisions with the newer Delphi 2010 based SAPHIRE 8 code that has been developed and was successful with all of the Validator series of tools on small tests. Another recommendation from the IV&V was to incorporate a bug tracking and resolution metric. To improve our capability of producing this metric, we integrated our current web reporting system with the SpiraTest test management software purchased earlier this year to track requirements traceability.

  18. Quality Assurance in the German School System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huber, Stephan Gerhard; Gordel, Bettina

    2006-01-01

    Whereas internationally the shift towards quality control of school systems started in the early 1980s, mainly promoted by transnational agencies, this development only began in Germany in the mid 1990s. However, a clear-cut change from an input-controlled and centralised to a more output-controlled, decentralised and deregulated supervision…

  19. Quality Assurance for Worldwide Clinical Trials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas J. Kirsch

    1993-01-01

    The emphasis on quality and integrity over the past 15 years has led to the continual development of new compliance inspection initiatives by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Recently, for example, the FDA enacted the approval inspection process, which requires the local FDA district office to address good manufacturing practices (GMP) requirements prior to approval of an application. The

  20. Assuring quality through staff nurse performance.

    PubMed

    Porter, A L

    1988-09-01

    Quality patient care requires a well-qualified nursing staff. The nurse must have basic credentials, performance must be measured against pre-established standards, and periodic evaluation and feedback must be given to the nurse. Effective clinical advancement programs and systems that define standards and appraise performance must be in place. Continuing education can help the nurse to remain competent and can close the gap between ineffective behaviors and performance standards that serve as goals. PMID:3419995

  1. Introduction of Break-Out Session at the International PV Module Quality Assurance Forum (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect

    Kurtz, S.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Yamamichi, M.; Sample, T.

    2011-07-01

    This presentation outlines review requirements for quality assurance (QA) rating systems, logical design of QA systems, and specific tasks for break-out session 1 of the 2011 International PV Module Quality Assurance Forum.

  2. 42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...utilization management program, quality assurance measures and systems, and an MTMP...utilization management. A Part...regarding its quality assurance measures and systems, according...Medication therapy management program...

  3. 48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01...2010-10-01 true Contract quality assurance on shipments...Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  4. 48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01...2011-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments...Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  5. 48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01...2013-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments...Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  6. 48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01...2014-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments...Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  7. 48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01...2012-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments...Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  8. Software Process Improvement Initiatives Based on Quality Assurance Strategies: A QATAM Pilot Application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winkler, Dietmar; Elberzhager, Frank; Biffl, Stefan; Eschbach, Robert

    Quality Assurance (QA) strategies, i.e., bundles of verification and validation approaches embedded within a balanced software process can support project and quality managers in systematically planning and implementing improvement initiatives. New and modified processes and methods come up frequently that seems promising candidates for improvement. Nevertheless, the impact of processes and methods strongly depends on individual project contexts. A major challenge is how to systematically select and implement "bestpractices" for product construction, verification, and validation. In this paper we present the Quality Assurance Tradeoff Analysis Method (QATAM) that supports engineers in (a) systematically identifying candidate QA strategies and (b) evaluating QA strategy variants in a given project context. We evaluate feasibility and usefulness in a pilot application in a medium-size software engineering organization. Main results were that QATAM was considered useful for identifying and evaluating various improvement initiatives applicable for large organizations as well as for small and medium enterprises.

  9. QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR DRINKING WATER LABORATORIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Soon after the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) was formed in 1972, agency administrators realized that in order to make appropriate decisions for environmental regulation, they must be assured that data being generated by the agency and the 50 states were valid and leg...

  10. An In-Depth Study on the Impact of External Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stensaker, Bjorn; Langfeldt, Liv; Harvey, Lee; Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don

    2011-01-01

    After more than two decades of external quality assurance, there is an increasing interest in questions concerning the impact and effects of this activity. Following an external evaluation of NOKUT--the Norwegian quality assurance agency, this article studies the impact of external quality assurance in detail by analysing quantitative and…

  11. Argonne National Laboratory Internal Appraisal Program environment, safety, health\\/quality assurance oversight

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. L. Winner; Y. S. Siegfried; S. P. Forst; M. J. Meshenberg

    1995-01-01

    Argonne National Laboratory`s Internal Appraisal Program has developed a quality assurance team member training program. This program has been developed to provide training to non-quality assurance professionals. Upon successful completion of this training and approval of the Internal Appraisal Program Manager, these personnel are considered qualified to assist in the conduct of quality assurance assessments. The training program has been

  12. 48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  13. 48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2014-10-01... Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  14. 48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  15. 48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2012-10-01... Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  16. 48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01... Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  17. 48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01... Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  18. 48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  19. 48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  20. 48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01... Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE...

  1. 48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at...Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government...

  2. The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-11-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

  3. Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

    1993-03-01

    Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

  4. Quality assurance in gamma-ray spectrometry of seabed sediments.

    PubMed

    Petrinec, Branko; Frani?, Zdenko; Bituh, Tomislav; Babi?, Dinko

    2011-03-01

    This article brings the results of a method for quality assurance in gamma-ray spectrometry of seabed sediments. Sediments were collected in selected locations of the South and Middle Adriatic Sea using grab and corer tools. Using our own experimental design, we determined the self-attenuation factors of selected samples. The article also discusses sources of uncertainty in gamma-ray spectrometry, which is another important issue in quality assurance. Together with self-attenuation correction sources of uncertainty are used to calculate the activity concentration for a given sample. The presented procedure demonstrates how a gamma-ray spectrometry experiment should be approached in order to properly account for errors and uncertainties specific to a particular sample. PMID:21421529

  5. Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

    1993-01-01

    Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

  6. Mission operations and command assurance: Flight operations quality improvements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welz, Linda L.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Kazz, Sheri L.; Potts, Sherrill S.; Witkowski, Mona M.

    1994-01-01

    Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce risk in mission operations by addressing human factors. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team, to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

  7. DRUM Quality Assurance Protocols DELTA* Group DRUM samplers

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    DRUM Quality Assurance Protocols DELTA* Group DRUM samplers Original Version 8/02. (DQAP 8 (no RAAS) 0.984 (0.985) 0.15 (0.11 ) 0.977 (1.055) 0.115 (0.076 ) B. DRUM to DRUM comparison, 0.26 to 0.09 potassium data, BC/SET HETF ARB study The comparisons of DRUM to DRUM including all aspects

  8. Geo-information quality assurance in disaster management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ying Su; Jie Peng; Zhanming Jin

    2008-01-01

    Disaster management depends on large volumes of comprehensive, accurate, relevant, on-time geo-information that various organizations systematically create and maintain. One cannot assure geo-information quality (G-IQ) without first being able to measure it meaningfully and establishing a causal connection between the source of G-IQ change, the G-IQ problem types, the types of activities affected, and their implications. In this article we

  9. National Ignition Facility Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Wolfe, C.R.; Yatabe, J.

    1996-09-01

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a key constituent of the Department of Energy`s Stockpile Stewardship Program. The NIF will use inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to produce ignition and energy gain in ICF targets, and will perform weapons physics and high-energy- density experiments in support of national security and civilian objectives. The NIF Project is a national facility involving the collaboration of several DOE laboratories and subcontractors, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR/LLE). The primary mission of the NIF Project is the construction and start-up operation of laser-based facilities that will demonstrate fusion ignition in the laboratory to provide nuclear-weapons-related physics data, and secondarily, to propagate fusion burn aimed at developing a potential source of civilian energy. To support the accomplishment of this very important mission, the LLNL Laser Directorate created the NIF Project Office to organize and bring about the Project. The NIF Project Office has established this Quality Assurance Program to ensure its success. This issue of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) adds the requirements for the conduct of Title 11 design, construction, procurement, and Title III engineering. This QAPP defines and describes the program-the management system-for specifying, achieving, and assuring the quality of all NIF Project work consistent with the policies of the Laboratory and the Laser Directorate.

  10. Automated quality assurance and patient dosimetry in diagnostic radiology.

    PubMed

    Faulkner, K; Chapple, C L; Hedley, P; Kotre, C J; Harrison, R M

    1990-05-01

    It has been generally considered that improved methods of quality assurance would reduce the population dose from diagnostic radiology. This paper describes the development of a computerized method of automatically monitoring tube and generator parameters to perform on-line quality assurance, whilst undertaking various patient dosimetry measurements and calculations for each exposure. The method involves interfacing a microcomputer to a microprocessor controlled X-ray generator. Details of the various interfacing methods and modifications to the X-ray unit are given. The instrument enables quality assurance to be performed for every exposure by comparing tube and generator parameters against nominal settings. The software automatically warns the operator of any deviations from accepted limiting values. When a patient is examined, details of the examination and projection are entered into a database. The exposure area product and field size are monitored for each exposure. This data, together with information on tube potential and examination/projection is used to deduce patient entrance skin dose and energy imparted. Doses to individual organs are estimated using normalized organ dose data and a knowledge of tube potential and field size. PMID:2348711

  11. MoniQA: a general approach to monitor quality assurance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacobs, J.; Deprez, T.; Marchal, G.; Bosmans, H.

    2006-03-01

    MoniQA ("Monitor Quality Assurance") is a new, non-commercial, independent quality assurance software application developed in our medical physics team. It is a complete Java TM - based modular environment for the evaluation of radiological viewing devices and it thus fits in the global quality assurance network of our (film less) radiology department. The purpose of the software tool is to guide the medical physicist through an acceptance protocol and the radiologist through a constancy check protocol by presentation of the necessary test patterns and by automated data collection. Data are then sent to a central management system for further analysis. At the moment more than 55 patterns have been implemented, which can be grouped in schemes to implement protocols (i.e. AAPMtg18, DIN and EUREF). Some test patterns are dynamically created and 'drawn' on the viewing device with random parameters as is the case in a recently proposed new pattern for constancy testing. The software is installed on 35 diagnostic stations (70 monitors) in a film less radiology department. Learning time was very limited. A constancy check -with the new pattern that assesses luminance decrease, resolution problems and geometric distortion- takes only 2 minutes and 28 seconds per monitor. The modular approach of the software allows the evaluation of new or emerging test patterns. We will report on the software and its usability: practicality of the constancy check tests in our hospital and on the results from acceptance tests of viewing stations for digital mammography.

  12. 9 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL 9.1 Introduction

    E-print Network

    for their intended use. A quality system is a management system that describes the elements necessary to plan in the use of radioactive materials. There are self-imposed internal quality management systems (e.g., DOE an organization-specific quality system, there is no need to develop new quality management systems, to the extent

  13. Quality assurance in the transport and packaging of radioactive material

    SciTech Connect

    Hale, J. [BNFL, Risley (United Kingdom)

    1995-12-31

    Quality Assurance (QA) is a requirement of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safety Series No. 6 ``Regulations for Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials.`` It is also, increasingly, a customer requirement. British Nuclear Fuels plc (BNFL) Transport Division has established an integrated management system (including quality and safety) which is being extended to cover environmental aspects. The management system covers the design, procurement, manufacture, testing, documentation, use, maintenance, inspection and decommissioning of all packages used for the transport of radioactive materials and for interim storage. It also covers planning, programming and transport operations. These arrangements cover all modes of transport by road, rail, sea and air. The QA arrangements developed enable Transport Division to demonstrate to Competent Authorities, customers and the general public that the systems in place meet all regulatory requirements. This paper discusses what quality assurance is, why QA arrangements should be introduced and how they were established within Transport Division. Finally, the further developments in the Division`s quality arrangements using the tools and techniques of Total Quality Management (TQM) and the European Foundation for Quality Management Model for Self Assessment are described.

  14. Quality measures and assurance for AI (Artificial Intelligence) software

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rushby, John

    1988-01-01

    This report is concerned with the application of software quality and evaluation measures to AI software and, more broadly, with the question of quality assurance for AI software. Considered are not only the metrics that attempt to measure some aspect of software quality, but also the methodologies and techniques (such as systematic testing) that attempt to improve some dimension of quality, without necessarily quantifying the extent of the improvement. The report is divided into three parts Part 1 reviews existing software quality measures, i.e., those that have been developed for, and applied to, conventional software. Part 2 considers the characteristics of AI software, the applicability and potential utility of measures and techniques identified in the first part, and reviews those few methods developed specifically for AI software. Part 3 presents an assessment and recommendations for the further exploration of this important area.

  15. Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research

    SciTech Connect

    Bodnarczuk, M.

    1990-04-12

    How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

  16. Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) quality assurance expert systems development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kelly, Angelita C.; Basile, Lisa; Ames, Troy; Watson, Janice; Dallam, William

    1987-01-01

    Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) expert system prototypes were developed to assist in the quality assurance of Spacelab and/or Attached Shuttle Payload (ASP) processed telemetry data. The SLDPF functions include the capturing, quality monitoring, processing, accounting, and forwarding of mission data to various user facilities. Prototypes for the two SLDPF functional elements, the Spacelab Output Processing System and the Spacelab Input Processing Element, are described. The prototypes have produced beneficial results including an increase in analyst productivity, a decrease in the burden of tedious analyses, the consistent evaluation of data, and the providing of concise historical records.

  17. The Andrology Laboratory in an Assisted Reproductive Technologies Program Quality Assurance and Laboratory Methodology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CHARLES H. MULLER

    Assuring the highest possible quality of care to the patient is the first goal of the andrology laboratory. Quality con- trol and quality assurance as they apply to the andrology labo- ratory are outlined, and special problems in quality control for sperm function assays are addressed. An example of the patient review process is presented. Quality of care also depends

  18. Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data

    SciTech Connect

    Peppler, RA; Kehoe, KE; Sonntag, KL; Bahrmann, CP; Richardson, SJ; Christensen, SW; McCord, RA; Doty, DJ; Wagener, Richard [BNL] (ORCID:0000000338921182); Eagan, RC; Lijegren, JC; Orr, BW; Sisterson, DL; Halter, TD; Keck, NN; Long, CN; Macduff, MC; Mather, JH; Perez, RC; Voyles, JW; Ivey, MD; Moore, ST; Nitschke, DL; Perkins, BD; Turner, DD

    2008-03-01

    This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

  19. Quality assurance procedures for the analysis of TRU waste samples

    SciTech Connect

    Glasgow, D.C. Giaquinto, J.M.; Robinson, L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Chemical and Analytical Sciences Div.

    1995-10-05

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) project was undertaken in response to the growing need for a national repository for transuranic (TRU) waste. Guidelines for WIPP specify that any waste item to be interred must be fully characterized and analyzed to determine the presence of chemical compounds designated hazardous and certain toxic elements. The Transuranic Waste Characterization Program (TWCP) was launched to develop analysis and quality guidelines, certify laboratories, and to oversee the actual waste characterizations at the laboratories. ORNL is participating in the waste characterization phase and brings to bear a variety of analytical techniques including ICP-AES, cold vapor atomic absorption, and instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) to collective determine arsenic, cadmium, barium, chromium, mercury, selenium, silver, and other elements. All of the analytical techniques involved participate in a cooperative effort to meet the project objectives. One important component of any good quality assurance program is determining when an alternate method is more suitable for a given analytical problem. By bringing to bear a whole arsenal of analytical techniques working toward common objectives, few analytical problems prove to be insurmountable. INAA and ICP-AES form a powerful pair when functioning in this cooperative manner. This paper will provide details of the quality assurance protocols, typical results from quality control samples for both INAA and ICP-AES, and detail method cooperation schemes used.

  20. 38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

  1. 38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

  2. 38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

  3. Higher Education Quality in Kenya: A Critical Reflection of Key Challenges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odhiambo, George O.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the unique challenges facing Kenya's public higher education institutions. It explores the struggle to develop quality and quality assurance mechanisms against a background of rapidly diminishing income, brain drain, political interference and the negative aspects of globalisation. The challenges have consequently led to a…

  4. Technical aspects of the Naval Dosimetry Center quality assurance programme.

    PubMed

    St John, T J; Cassata, J R; Blake, P K; Wallace, W H; Minniti, R

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the technical aspects of the Naval Dosimetry Center (NDC) quality programme. The Navy has been formally monitoring personnel for occupational exposure to ionising radiation since at least 1946. The current system, the DT-702/PD, is the Harshaw 8840 holder and 8841 card. New card and holder checks are performed to verify that the correct LiF elements and holder filters are in the correct location and are of the correct composition. Element correction coefficient (ECC) magnitude and repeatability are also verified. Several quality assurance parameters are checked by a specially designed shipping machine. Calibration cards are used to calibrate each reader and quality control cards are inserted throughout a group of field cards to verify reader operation during the read process. The success of the programme is measured by annual proficiency tests administered by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Programme and Pacific Northwest National Laboratories. PMID:16757494

  5. [Quality assurance in radiology: quality control of radiographic cassettes].

    PubMed

    Ferretti, P P; Sarti, M; Messori, P; Boni, L; Seligardi, P; Tassoni, D; Cattini, V; Piccagli, V; Barani, A; Bianchi, C; Borasi, G; Troiso, A; Soliani Raschini, C

    1996-09-01

    A "quality team" in radiology, whose members are the authors of this paper, has implemented a quality control program to test the cassettes with intensifying screen systems used in radiology departments. 149 systems-124 of them for general purpose radiology and 25 for mammography-were submitted to the following tests: visual inspection of radiographic cassettes and intensifying screens, screen-film contact, intensifying screen cleanliness and relative sensitivity of the intensifying screens. The results of each type of test are reported in detail in the paper, on a 3-point scale: good, sufficient and poor. The overall results of the quality control tests show 78% of general purpose radiology cassettes to qualify as good (69%) or sufficient (9%), while 22% were of poor quality. 88% of the mammographic cassettes qualified as good (76%) or sufficient (12%), while 12% were of poor quality. All tests were easy to perform and required limited resources. The necessary procedures to keep quality high over time are also reported. To conclude, the results obtained with our quality control program could be used as an effective tool to address and plan the turnover of the cassettes with intensifying screens which are usually used in diagnostic radiology practice. PMID:8975314

  6. Quality assurance FY 1995 site support program plan WBS 6.7.2.5

    SciTech Connect

    Dell, L.D.

    1994-09-01

    This report is a summary of the quality assurance plan and program for the Westinghouse Hanford Company. The quality assurance plan verifies that the appropriate quality assurance programs and controls are applied to activities that affect quality related to work in: waste management; environmental activities (restoration, remediation, and monitoring); implementation of environmental, state, local, and federal regulations; tri-party agreement activities; facility operation and deactivation/transition to shutdown; new facility construction and operation.

  7. Endoscopic biopsy as quality assurance for endoscopic services.

    PubMed

    Chiu, King-Wah; Chiou, Shue-Shian

    2013-01-01

    Gastroendoscopy (GS) procedures are not only performed by gastroenterologists (GE) but also by hepatologists (HT) in many countries. Endoscopic biopsy (EBx) remains the gold standard for the investigation and documentation of esophago-gastro-duodenal pathology. EBx is subjectively performed by an endoscopist, and the level of skill and experience of the endoscopist may affect the quality of the endoscopic service. Reasons for this discrepancy included lack of experience practitioners to order EBx when required of GS issues between in GE and HT limit access. Ideally, services should be safe and of high quality. This study assessed the EBx/GS ratio as the endoscopic quality assurance as an index of GS services. This was a cohort study of endoscopists at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan. There were 34,570 episodes of EBx in 199,877 GS procedures. The 25 endoscopists were divided into GE (n?=?13) and HT (n?=?12) groups, and correlation coefficients were calculated over a 14.5-year duration of intervention. The Trimmean of EBx/GS was 19.29% in 14.5 years (34570/199877 with Trimmean 0.2 percentile ratio correlations), and the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.90229. There were significantly more EBx procedures in the GE group than in the HT group at 1 and 5 years (21.5% vs. 15.1% and 20.9% vs. 17.3%, respectively, P<0.00001). Junior GE attempted significantly more EBx than both the senior GE (24.06% vs. 20.41%, P<0.0001), and junior HT (24.06% vs. 13.2%, P<0.0001). In conclusion, quality assurance for gastrointestinal endoscopy involves numerous aspects of unit management and patient safety. Quality measures used with the EBx/GS ratio may be one of the best ways to ensure the quality of endoscopic procedures in a teaching hospital. PMID:24265698

  8. Quality in E-Learning: A Framework for Promoting and Assuring Quality in Virtual Institutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masoumi, D.; Lindstrom, B.

    2012-01-01

    With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role…

  9. Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices For Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains

    EPA Science Inventory

    As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of rehab...

  10. Development and Testing of a Nuclear Quality Assurance/Quality Control Technician Curriculum. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espy, John; And Others

    A project was conducted to field test selected first- and second-year courses in a postsecondary nuclear quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) technician curriculum and to develop the teaching/learning modules for seven technical specialty courses remaining in the QA/QC technician curriculum. The field testing phase of the project involved the…

  11. Nuclear Technology Series. Course 14: Introduction to Quality Assurance/Quality Control.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Technical Education Research Center, Waco, TX.

    This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

  12. COMMUNITY MULTISCALE AIR QUALITY ( CMAQ ) MODEL - QUALITY ASSURANCE AND VERSION CONTROL

    EPA Science Inventory

    This presentation will be given to the EPA Exposure Modeling Workgroup on January 24, 2006. The quality assurance and version control procedures for the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model are presented. A brief background of CMAQ is given, then issues related to qual...

  13. Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-03-30

    The United States Department of Energy (USDOE) has initiated the Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) in an effort to manage, control and remediate existing hazardous, toxic and radioactive wastes generated at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS). This ERP Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is responsive to the PORTS ESH Division QAPP and the ES Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) QAPP. This QAPP establishes the policies, requirements and responsibilities by which an appropriate level of QA shall be implemented within the PORTS-ERP. All PORTS-ERP activities shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this document and/or of a project level document which is derivative of this document.

  14. Quality assurance procedures for V378A matrix resin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hamermesh, C. L.; Dynes, P. J.

    1985-01-01

    A characterization methodology has been developed on which to base quality assurance procedures for U.S. Polymeric V378A bismaleimide matrix resin. Chemical composition is established by partition reverse phase and size exclusion liquid chromatography. Cure rheology behavior is quantitatively characterized by dynamic viscoelastic analysis using the parallel plate technique. The overall cure process is characterized by differential scanning calorimetry. The sensitivity of the procedures is evaluated by studying the effects of ambient out time on the chemical end behaviorial properties of the resin.

  15. Functional Quality Assurance- A Cx Method for Innovative Systems 

    E-print Network

    Ioannidis, M.

    2008-01-01

    1N?rnberg ? M?nchen ? Frankfurt ? Gera ? Berlin ? Leipzig ? D?sseldorf ? F?rth ? Hamburg ? Stuttgart ? Moskau ? Washington DC www.eb-ing.com Functional Quality Assurance ? A Cx Approach For Innovative Systems Dipl.-Ing. Marios Ioannidis ESL-IC-08...-10-12a Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 2N?rnberg ? M?nchen ? Frankfurt ? Gera ? Berlin ? Leipzig ? D?sseldorf ? F?rth ? Hamburg ? Stuttgart ? Moskau ? Washington...

  16. Quality assurance in the transport of UF{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect

    Ravenscroft, N.L. [Edlow International Company, Washington, DC (United States)

    1991-12-31

    Edlow International`s primary business is the international transportation of radioactive materials. Therefore, Edlow has the responsibility to ensure that shipments are performed in compliance with regulatory requirements. In this regard, Edlow maintains a Quality Assurance (QA) Program. A major part of this Program is the establishment and use of QA Procedures. This paper addresses QA procedural requirements and how they are applied to a routine international shipment of low enriched UF{sub 6}. Only the major requirements for scheduling shipments will be addressed.

  17. Automating the Quality Assurance Stage of GONG Data Processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, R.; Donaldson-Hanna, K.; Ladd, G.

    2005-05-01

    An Automated Image Rejection (AIR) program for image quality assurance has been developed for use in processing GONG data. It includes checks for detecting bad images due to weather, obstructions in the field of view (e.g. aircraft at Big Bear), and abnormal instrument operation. Data from a test period were reprocessed through our image calibration pipeline using the AIR program for image QA decisions. The dataset produced with AIR had a slightly higher duty cycle than the archived data from the test period. Comparison of the resulting peak mode frequency distributions, ring diagram derived flow patterns, and other helioseismology products shows close agreement with the products derived from the original dataset.

  18. Emerging concepts of quality assurance in clinical laboratories.

    PubMed

    Naz, Sumera; Saddar-ud-din, Agha

    2006-09-01

    Quality Assurance is a management system designed to achieve an acceptable level of quality services, prevent poor quality and in laboratories is intended to ensure reliability of results. It comprehensively includes controlling the quality of procedures at each and every step including Pre-analytical (specimen collection and transport), Analytical (specimen processing in the lab) and Post-analytical (reporting and interpretation of results). Concept of total quality management (TQM) is closely interlinked with good laboratory practices and goes far beyond the widely practiced conventional Quality Control (QC) procedures. TQM includes Technical accuracy and precision, equipment and supplies, staff training and skill, financial management (cost effectiveness), lab safety, communication etc. Recent pressures on pathology laboratories have meant that laboratories no longer have the numbers of scientists and pathologists they had in the past. This has resulted in more questions being asked of the QA staff with a steady increase in the number of scientists employed to address this demand. Quality improvement in the modern clinical laboratory environment entails the continuous inspection and refinement of processes to ensure the efficient delivery of services that meet the needs and expectations of those who use them. PMID:17091755

  19. UMTRA technical assistance contractor Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 4

    SciTech Connect

    Pehrson, P.

    1993-10-12

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAC Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements. The key to ensuring compliance with this directive is a two-step professional approach: utilize the quality system in all areas of activity, and generate a personal commitment from all personnel to provide quality service. The quality staff will be experienced, trained professionals capable of providing maximum flexibility to Project goal attainment. Such flexibility will enable the staff to be more cost effective and to further improve communication and coordination. To provide control details, this QAPP will be supplemented by approved standard operating procedures that provide requirements for performing the various TAC quality-related activities. These procedures shall describe applicable design input and document control activities and documentation.

  20. [Quality assurance of rehabilitation by the German pension insurance: an overview].

    PubMed

    Klosterhuis, H; Baumgarten, E; Beckmann, U; Erbstösser, S; Lindow, B; Naumann, B; Widera, T; Zander, J

    2010-12-01

    The German pension insurance has in recent years developed a comprehensive programme for quality assurance in rehabilitation, and has implemented the programme into routine practice. Different aspects of rehabilitation are evaluated with differentiated instruments. Issues dealt with inter alia include the quality of rehabilitative care in a narrower sense, the structure and organisation of the rehabilitation centres, as well as quality from the patients' perspective. On the whole, positive results predominate. Big differences in quality however have been found between the rehabilitation centres. The data collections and data evaluations carried out make a continuous process of quality assurance reporting possible for use by rehabilitation centres and pension insurance agencies. This will enable targeted initiatives for quality improvement. The methods and procedures of quality assurance are enhanced at regular intervals, and the scope of quality assurance is extended. Thus, rehab quality assurance is also expanded to cover ambulant rehabilitation or rehabilitation of children and young people. PMID:21140319

  1. Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

    2006-01-01

    Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

  2. Integrated quality assurance for assembly and testing of complex structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Kopylow, Christoph; Bothe, Thorsten; Elandaloussi, Frank; Kalms, Michael; Jüptner, Werner

    2005-11-01

    Modern production processes are directed by properties of the components to be manufactured. These components have different sizes, functionalities, high assembly complexity and high security requirements. The increasing requirements during the manufacturing of complex products like cars and aircrafts demand new solutions for the quality assurance - especially for the production at different places. The main focus is to find a measurement strategy that is cost effective, flexible and adaptive. That means a clear definition of the measurement problem, the measurement with adapted resolution, the data preparation and evaluation and support during measurement and utilisation of the results directly in the production. In this paper we describe flexible measurement devices on example of three different techniques: fringe projection, fringe reflection and shearography. These techniques allow the detection of surface and subsurface defects like bumps, dents and delaminations with high resolution. The defects can be optically mapped onto the object's surface. Results are demonstrated with big components taken from automotive and aircraft production. We will point out the most important adaptations of the systems to realize miniaturized, robust and mobile devices for the quality assurance in an industrial environment. Additionally the implementation into a Mobile Maintenance and Control structure is demonstrated.

  3. Quality Assurance Protocol for AFCI Advanced Structural Materials Testing

    SciTech Connect

    Busby, Jeremy T [ORNL

    2009-05-01

    The objective of this letter is to inform you of recent progress on the development of advanced structural materials in support of advanced fast reactors and AFCI. As you know, the alloy development effort has been initiated in recent months with the procurement of adequate quantities of the NF616 and HT-UPS alloys. As the test alloys become available in the coming days, mechanical testing, evaluation of optimizing treatments, and screening of environmental effects will be possible at a larger scale. It is therefore important to establish proper quality assurance protocols for this testing effort in a timely manner to ensure high technical quality throughout testing. A properly implemented quality assurance effort will also enable preliminary data taken in this effort to be qualified as NQA-1 during any subsequent licensing discussions for an advanced design or actual prototype. The objective of this report is to describe the quality assurance protocols that will be used for this effort. An essential first step in evaluating quality protocols is assessing the end use of the data. Currently, the advanced structural materials effort is part of a long-range, basic research and development effort and not, as yet, involved in licensing discussions for a specific reactor design. After consultation with Mark Vance (an ORNL QA expert) and based on the recently-issued AFCI QA requirements, the application of NQA-1 quality requirements will follow the guidance provided in Part IV, Subpart 4.2 of the NQA-1 standard (Guidance on Graded Application of QA for Nuclear-Related Research and Development). This guidance mandates the application of sound scientific methodology and a robust peer review process in all phases, allowing for the data to be qualified for use even if the programmatic mission changes to include licensing discussions of a specific design or prototype. ORNL has previously implemented a QA program dedicated to GNEP activities and based on an appropriately graded application of NQA-1 requirements at the site. The current program is being revised to incorporate changes imposed through the recently revised AFCI Technical Integration Office QA requirements. Testing conducted under the AFCI QA program for the advanced structural materials effort shall incorporate the following quality assurance expectations: (1) personnel are adequately trained to perform assigned work; (2) activities are controlled to ensure consistency of results; (3) records necessary to substantiate how the work was performed are maintained (dedicated laboratory notebooks will be used); (4) the pedigree and traceability of the various tested materials are maintained throughout the described processes using consistent sample numbering and adequate record keeping; (5) equipment with the potential to affect the quality of the planned work is calibrated and maintained in accordance with applicable operating requirements. In addition, all reporting or related dissemination by ORNL personnel of the results of the work described in this subcontract shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements described or referenced in the ORNL Standards Based Management System subject area entitled Scientific and Technical Information. Reporting or publications at other institutions will be conducted in accordance with the requirements of that institution. Successful implementation of these protocols will provide a sound basis for future decisions and research. In addition, these steps will also help ensure that results can also be applied to licensing discussions at a future date.

  4. 42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

  5. 42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

  6. 42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

  7. 42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

  8. Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)

    SciTech Connect

    ROBINSON, P.A.

    2000-04-17

    This Quality Assurance Plan describes how the Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) implements the quality assurance (QA) requirements of the Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) (HNF-Mp-599) for Project Hanford activities and products. This QAPP also describes the organizational structure necessary to successfully implement the program. The QAPP provides a road map of applicable Project Hanford Management System Procedures, and facility specific procedures, that may be utilized by WESF to implement the requirements of the QAPD.

  9. Argonne National Laboratory Internal Appraisal Program environment, safety, health/quality assurance oversight

    SciTech Connect

    Winner, G.L.; Siegfried, Y.S.; Forst, S.P.; Meshenberg, M.J.

    1995-06-01

    Argonne National Laboratory`s Internal Appraisal Program has developed a quality assurance team member training program. This program has been developed to provide training to non-quality assurance professionals. Upon successful completion of this training and approval of the Internal Appraisal Program Manager, these personnel are considered qualified to assist in the conduct of quality assurance assessments. The training program has been incorporated into a self-paced, computerized, training session.

  10. Assuring fish safety and quality in international fish trade.

    PubMed

    Ababouch, Lahsen

    2006-01-01

    International trade in fishery commodities reached US 58.2 billion dollars in 2002, a 5% improvement relative to 2000 and a 45% increase over 1992 levels. Within this global trade, developing countries registered a net trade surplus of US 17.4 billion dollars in 2002 and accounted for almost 50% by value and 55% of fish exports by volume. This globalization of fish trade, coupled with technological developments in food production, handling, processing and distribution, and the increasing awareness and demand of consumers for safe and high quality food have put food safety and quality assurance high in public awareness and a priority for many governments. Consequently, many countries have tightened food safety controls, imposing additional costs and requirements on imports. As early as 1980, there was an international drive towards adopting preventative HACCP-based safety and quality systems. More recently, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach to food safety and quality throughout the entire food chain. Implementation of this approach requires an enabling policy and regulatory environment at national and international levels with clearly defined rules and standards, establishment of appropriate food control systems and programmes at national and local levels, and provision of appropriate training and capacity building. This paper discusses the international framework for fish safety and quality, with particular emphasis on the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) strategy to promote international harmonization and capacity building. PMID:17052733

  11. NATIONAL SURFACE WATER SURVEY, WESTERN LAKE SURVEY (PHASE 1 - SYNOPTIC CHEMISTRY) QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    The quality assurance program for the Western Lake Survey - Phase I was designed to ensure that the data collected were of known and acceptable quality. The quality assurance program was based on similar activities conducted for the Eastern Lake Survey; -Phase I and included the ...

  12. National Surface Water Survey: Eastern Lake Survey (Phase 1 - synoptic chemistry). Quality-assurance report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. D. Best; S. K. Drouse; L. W. Creelman; D. J. Chaloud

    1986-01-01

    This report provides an overview of the quality-assurance activities and results of the Eastern Lake Survey - Phase I. The quality-assurance program used a combination of blank, duplicate, and audit samples to provide an external check on the data quality of 32 physiochemical parameters measured and to allow early detection of problems in sample collection, processing, and analysis. Field sampling,

  13. Basic issues related to quantity and quality of health care, and quality assurance in Indonesia.

    PubMed

    Jacobalis, S

    1989-01-01

    Issues and problems related to the needs for quantity and quality in health care have been presented. The need for quantity has been quite successfully addressed in the last 20 years. Better quality of health care is very much in the minds of policy makers, providers and the informed public. Quality assessment and assurance as a programmed and on-going process in individual hospitals is systematically promoted and developed. An accreditation system for hospitals is planned for the future. This paper has not been able to contribute anything of value to the current practice of quality assurance. The industrialized world has passed the stages Indonesia is now going through. To some Australian colleagues, this presentation perhaps has revealed that one of their closest neighbours is struggling hard to improve the quality of life of its people, despite the tremendous problems and constraints with which it is confronted. Australia has always provided a helping hand in this struggle. PMID:2486044

  14. Quality assurance, benchmarking, assessment and mutual international recognition of qualifications.

    PubMed

    Hobson, R; Rolland, S; Rotgans, J; Schoonheim-Klein, M; Best, H; Chomyszyn-Gajewska, M; Dymock, D; Essop, R; Hupp, J; Kundzina, R; Love, R; Memon, R A; Moola, M; Neumann, L; Ozden, N; Roth, K; Samwel, P; Villavicencio, J; Wright, P; Harzer, W

    2008-02-01

    The aim of this report is to provide guidance to assist in the international convergence of quality assurance, benchmarking and assessment systems to improve dental education. Proposals are developed for mutual recognition of qualifications, to aid international movement and exchange of staff and students including and supporting developing countries. Quality assurance is the responsibility of all staff involved in dental education and involves three levels: internal, institutional and external. Benchmarking information provides a subject framework. Benchmarks are useful for a variety of purposes including design and validation of programmes, examination and review; they can also strengthen the accreditation process undertaken by professional and statutory bodies. Benchmark information can be used by institutions as part of their programme approval process, to set degree standards. The standards should be developed by the dental academic community through formal groups of experts. Assessment outcomes of student learning are a measure of the quality of the learning programme. The goal of an effective assessment strategy should be that it provides the starting point for students to adopt a positive approach to effective and competent practice, reflective and lifelong learning. All assessment methods should be evidence based or based upon research. Mutual recognition of professional qualifications means that qualifications gained in one country (the home country) are recognized in another country (the host country). It empowers movement of skilled workers, which can help resolve skills shortages within participating countries. These proposals are not intended to be either exhaustive or prescriptive; they are purely for guidance and derived from the identification of what is perceived to be 'best practice'. PMID:18289272

  15. Quality Assurance of RNA Expression Profiling in Clinical Laboratories

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Weihua; Hu, Zhiyuan; Muallem, Hind; Gulley, Margaret L.

    2012-01-01

    RNA expression profiles are increasingly used to diagnose and classify disease, based on expression patterns of as many as several thousand RNAs. To ensure quality of expression profiling services in clinical settings, a standard operating procedure incorporates multiple quality indicators and controls, beginning with preanalytic specimen preparation and proceeding thorough analysis, interpretation, and reporting. Before testing, histopathological examination of each cellular specimen, along with optional cell enrichment procedures, ensures adequacy of the input tissue. Other tactics include endogenous controls to evaluate adequacy of RNA and exogenous or spiked controls to evaluate run- and patient-specific performance of the test system, respectively. Unique aspects of quality assurance for array-based tests include controls for the pertinent outcome signatures that often supersede controls for each individual analyte, built-in redundancy for critical analytes or biochemical pathways, and software-supported scrutiny of abundant data by a laboratory physician who interprets the findings in a manner facilitating appropriate medical intervention. Access to high-quality reagents, instruments, and software from commercial sources promotes standardization and adoption in clinical settings, once an assay is vetted in validation studies as being analytically sound and clinically useful. Careful attention to the well-honed principles of laboratory medicine, along with guidance from government and professional groups on strategies to preserve RNA and manage large data sets, promotes clinical-grade assay performance. PMID:22020152

  16. Quality assurance and reliability in the Japanese electronics industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pecht, Michael; Boulton, William R.

    1995-01-01

    Quality and reliability are two attributes required for all Japanese products, although the JTEC panel found these attributes to be secondary to customer cost requirements. While our Japanese hosts gave presentations on the challenges of technology, cost, and miniaturization, quality and reliability were infrequently the focus of our discussions. Quality and reliability were assumed to be sufficient to meet customer needs. Fujitsu's slogan, 'quality built-in, with cost and performance as prime consideration,' illustrates this point. Sony's definition of a next-generation product is 'one that is going to be half the size and half the price at the same performance of the existing one'. Quality and reliability are so integral to Japan's electronics industry that they need no new emphasis.

  17. [Quality, accreditation and certification in free-market economy. Part I. Quality and quality assurance systems according to international standards].

    PubMed

    Cwiek-Ludwicka, K; Postupolski, J; Struci?ski, P

    1992-01-01

    The problems concerning the quality and quality assurance systems were discussed on the base of the International Standards series ISO 9000. The structure, scope and the field of application of these Standards were described. The special attention has been drawn to the models of quality assurance specified in ISO 9001, ISO 9002 and ISO 9003. The role of the International Standards series ISO 9000, as a useful tool to harmonize the international trade in free-market economy was stressed. It was emphasized that the application of quality management and quality assurance systems according to ISO 9000 is compatible with the implementation of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system in the food industry. PMID:1465551

  18. Challenges in quality of environmental measurements for compliance

    SciTech Connect

    White, M.G.

    1994-04-07

    Quality systems development in environmental measurements for compliance with regulatory requirements for nuclear and other contaminants in the environment is one of the major challenges in current technology disciplines. Efforts to fulfill the mission and objectives of funded projects will not be successful on a timely and cost-effective schedule without adequate plans and credible action for the protection of workers, facilities, and the public in environment, safety, and health aspects. This can be accomplished through quality assurance planning and implementation of an effective, controlled environmental measurements program.

  19. Quality Control and Quality Assurance in Teacher Training Institutions: Messages from Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopkin, A. G.

    1999-01-01

    External factors, such as university affiliation, can help improve teacher-training programs. Using the University of Botswana (UB) as an example, this paper discusses quality control and assurance; evaluates their impact on courses offered, final examinations, and teaching practice; and evaluates operational drawbacks of UB's system, suggesting…

  20. Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: The First Five Exercises

    PubMed Central

    Phillips, Melissa M.; Rimmer, Catherine A.; Wood, Laura J.; Lippa, Katrice A.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Duewer, David L.; Sander, Lane C.; Betz, Joseph M.

    2011-01-01

    The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Program participants measure concentrations of active and/or marker compounds as well as nutritional and toxic elements in food and dietary supplements distributed by NIST. Data are compiled at NIST, where they are analyzed for accuracy relative to reference values and concordance among the participants. Performance reports and certificates of completion are provided to participants, which can be used to demonstrate compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices as promulgated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The DSQAP has conducted five exercises to date, with total participation including more than 75 different laboratories and many more individual analysts. PMID:21797008

  1. Quality assurance for the ALICE Monte Carlo procedure

    E-print Network

    M. Ajaz; Seforo Mohlalisi; Peter Hristov; Jean Pierre Revol

    2009-04-10

    We implement the already existing macro,$ALICE_ROOT/STEER /CheckESD.C that is ran after reconstruction to compute the physics efficiency, as a task that will run on proof framework like CAF. The task was implemented in a C++ class called AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD and it inherits from AliAnalysisTaskSE base class. The function of AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD is to compute the ratio of the number of reconstructed particles to the number of particle generated by the Monte Carlo generator.The class AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD was successfully implemented. It was used during the production for first physics and permitted to discover several problems (missing track in the MUON arm reconstruction, low efficiency in the PHOS detector etc.). The code is committed to the SVN repository and will become standard tool for quality assurance.

  2. BOMAB phantom manufacturing quality assurance study using Monte Carlo computations

    SciTech Connect

    Mallett, M.W.

    1994-01-01

    Monte Carlo calculations have been performed to assess the importance of and quantify quality assurance protocols in the manufacturing of the Bottle-Manikin-Absorption (BOMAB) phantom for calibrating in vivo measurement systems. The parameters characterizing the BOMAB phantom that were examined included height, fill volume, fill material density, wall thickness, and source concentration. Transport simulation was performed for monoenergetic photon sources of 0.200, 0.662, and 1,460 MeV. A linear response was observed in the photon current exiting the exterior surface of the BOMAB phantom due to variations in these parameters. Sensitivity studies were also performed for an in vivo system in operation at the Pacific Northwest Laboratories in Richland, WA. Variations in detector current for this in vivo system are reported for changes in the BOMAB phantom parameters studied here. Physical justifications for the observed results are also discussed.

  3. Verification of Quality Assurance of Education through Syllabus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kakimoto, Ryuji; Yamao, Toshitaka

    Merits to show syllabuses to students are as follows. Students can understand the flow of learning and receive class smoothly. Teachers also can give them learning guidance smoothly. Therefore it is indicated that the syllabus is the first step of quality assurance of education. The aims of this paper are to analyze the contents of whole Kumamoto university?s syllabuses in 2008 and to classify methods of assessment. Consequently, the progress of classwork was clearly described, but the concreteness of a goal and the methods of assessment were not clearly described in most of class. The contents of syllabus have been improved after JABEE accreditation which the department of Engineering is working on. Therefore JABEE examination worked the improvement of syllabuses. The methods of assessment are classified roughly under two groups. One group mainly sets a periodical examination, another group mainly gives exercises and assignments.

  4. A Discussion of the Software Quality Assurance Role

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kandt, Ronald Kirk

    2010-01-01

    The basic idea underlying this paper is that the conventional understanding of the role of a Software Quality Assurance (SQA) engineer is unduly limited. This is because few have asked who the customers of a SQA engineer are. Once you do this, you can better define what tasks a SQA engineer should perform, as well as identify the knowledge and skills that such a person should have. The consequence of doing this is that a SQA engineer can provide greater value to his or her customers. It is the position of this paper that a SQA engineer providing significant value to his or her customers must not only assume the role of an auditor, but also that of a software and systems engineer. This is because software engineers and their managers particularly value contributions that directly impact products and their development. These ideas are summarized as lessons learned, based on my experience at Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

  5. Application of quality assurance standards to environmental projects

    SciTech Connect

    Richardson, T.L.; Lynch, J.E.; Chaudhary, T.B. [Law Environmental, Inc., Kennesaw, GA (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Quality assurance (QA) is critical to every environmental project undertaken. While QA appears to be a cut-and-dried subject, it is actually an evolving issue. Environmental projects need high QA standards. The needs of the nuclear industry have driven most QA programs for the last several decades. Mom recently, the internationally accepted ISO-9000 standard, and the more recent E-4 standard (in draft), have been suggested as alternatives to achieving QA for environmental firms. These standards can be successfully integrated and implemented. However, this requires good up-front planning of the program`s purpose and function and commitments by management and staff to make it work. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how various QA standards can be appropriately applied to the demands of environmental projects.

  6. Langley Wind Tunnel Data Quality Assurance-Check Standard Results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hemsch, Michael J.; Grubb, John P.; Krieger, William B.; Cler, Daniel L.

    2000-01-01

    A framework for statistical evaluation, control and improvement of wind funnel measurement processes is presented The methodology is adapted from elements of the Measurement Assurance Plans developed by the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) for standards and calibration laboratories. The present methodology is based on the notions of statistical quality control (SQC) together with check standard testing and a small number of customer repeat-run sets. The results of check standard and customer repeat-run -sets are analyzed using the statistical control chart-methods of Walter A. Shewhart long familiar to the SQC community. Control chart results are presented for. various measurement processes in five facilities at Langley Research Center. The processes include test section calibration, force and moment measurements with a balance, and instrument calibration.

  7. Quality Interaction Between Mission Assurance and Project Team Members

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kwong-Fu, Helenann H.; Wilson, Robert K.

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation demonstrates the importance of value added Mission Assurance to flight operations in order to assure mission success and the Health and Safety of the mission, (i.e., the Spitzer space Telescope.)

  8. Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    SciTech Connect

    Irene Farnham

    2011-05-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) provides the overall quality assurance (QA) program requirements and general quality practices to be applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) Sub-Project (hereafter the Sub-Project) activities. The requirements in this QAPP are consistent with DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE, 2005); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans for Modeling (EPA, 2002); and EPA Guidance on the Development, Evaluation, and Application of Environmental Models (EPA, 2009). The QAPP Revision 0 supersedes DOE--341, Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 4.

  9. Do Too Many Rights Make a Wrong? A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of a Sample of Malaysian and Singapore Private Higher Education Providers in Transnational Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Fion Choon Boey

    2010-01-01

    Assuring the quality of transnational education has been an endeavour of increasing importance in the internationalisation of higher education but is also increasingly challenging given the involvement of many stakeholders. This paper focuses on the experiences of and challenges faced by private tertiary education providers in Malaysia and…

  10. Intelligent Collaborative Quality Assurance System for Wind Turbine Supply Chain Management Intelligent Collaborative Quality Assurance System for Wind Turbine Supply Chain Management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. L. SONG; W. LIAO; J. LEE

    2013-01-01

    To determine the root causes or sources of variance of bad quality in supply chains is usually more difficult because multiple parties are involved in the current global manufacturing environment. Each component within a supply chain tends to focus on its own responsibilities and ignores possibilities for interconnectivity and therefore the potential for systematic quality assurance and quality tracing. Rather

  11. Quality-Assurance and Data Management Plan for Groundwater Activities by the U.S. Geological

    E-print Network

    information on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resourcesQuality-Assurance and Data Management Plan for Groundwater Activities by the U.S. Geological Survey;#12;Quality-Assurance and Data Management Plan for Groundwater Activities by the U.S. Geological Survey

  12. Quality Assurance in Higher Education--Meta-Evaluation of Multi-Stage Evaluation Procedures in Germany

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bornmann, L.; Mittag, S.; Danie, H.-D.

    2006-01-01

    Systematic procedures for quality assurance and improvement through evaluation have been in place in Western Europe since the mid 1980s and in Germany since the mid 1990s. As studies in Europe and beyond show that multi-stage evaluation procedures as the main quality assurance instrument for evaluation of teaching and learning in higher education…

  13. The Impact of the Bologna Process on the Development of the Greek Quality Assurance System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asderaki, Foteini

    2009-01-01

    Greece, an EU-member state since 1981, lagged behind other European countries in the development of a national quality assurance system. This article charts the route to the establishment of a quality assurance system in Greece. While national evaluation and accreditation systems were established in most European countries during the mid-1980s and…

  14. Overseeing One-Stops: A WIB Member's Guide to Quality Assurance. Workforce Board Development Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2000

    This guide is intended to give workforce investment boards (WIBs) a practical framework for overseeing the performance of one-stop career centers. The introduction presents background information on a proposed quality assurance framework and the guide's format and development. The first two sections explain the importance of quality assurance to…

  15. Nuclear Technology. Course 31: Quality Assurance Practices. Module 31-2, Vendor Qualification.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Espy, John

    This second in a series of eight modules for a course titled Quality Assurance Practices describes the quality assurance requirements for the qualification of suppliers, for evaluating subsequent supplier performance, and for accepting items or services furnished by the supplier. The module follows a typical format that includes the following…

  16. A Conceptualisation of Available Trust-Building Mechanisms for International Quality Assurance of Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stensaker, Bjørn; Maassen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    While external quality assurance in higher education was originally developed to cater for various domestic needs, recent decades have seen various attempts in the use of quality assurance also as a mechanism for creating more trust in cross-national higher education activities. In this article, a conceptual framework for analysing available…

  17. Laboratory quality assurance and its role in the safeguards analytical laboratory evaluation (SALE) program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. L. Delvin; C. E. Pietri

    1981-01-01

    Since the late 1960's, strong emphasis has been given to quality assurance in the nuclear industry, particularly to that part involved in nuclear reactors. This emphasis has had impact on the analytical chemistry laboratory because of the importance of analytical measurements in the certification and acceptance of materials used in the fabrication and construction of reactor components. Laboratory quality assurance,

  18. Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

    2011-01-01

    This study was a cross-cultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a…

  19. Hunting and Gathering: New Imperatives in Mapping and Collecting Student Learning Data to Assure Quality Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Romy; Taylor, Tracy; French, Erica; Fallshaw, Eveline; Hall, Cathy; Kinash, Shelley; Summers, Jane

    2015-01-01

    Assurance of learning (AOL) is a quality enhancement and quality assurance process used in higher education. It involves a process of determining programme learning outcomes and standards, and systematically gathering evidence to measure students' performance on these. The systematic assessment of whole-of-programme outcomes provides a basis for…

  20. Quality Assurance and the Development of Course Programmes. Papers on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Carolyn; Rozsnyai, Christina

    This volume is the fourth in a series related to a project to create a Regional University Network on Governance and Management of Higher Education in South East Europe. It is both an essay on and source manual for quality assurance in higher education. Part 1 describes the origins and concepts of quality assurance systems that have been emerging…

  1. EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) ROLE IN THE QUALITY ASSURANCE OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTANT MEASUREMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    EPA's roll in the quality assurance of monitoring data is to assist monitoring agencies by providing those quality assurance services or functions that (1) are common to most monitoring agencies and would be uneconomical to duplicate in each agency's program, (2) are too costly f...

  2. Quality Assurance in Engineering Education: Comparison of Accreditation Schemes and ISO 9001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karapetrovic, Stanislav; Rajamani, Divakar; Willborn, Walter

    1998-01-01

    Outlines quality assurance schemes for distance-education technologies that are based on the ISO 9000 family of international quality-assurance standards. Argues that engineering faculties can establish such systems on the basis of and integrated with accreditation schemes. Contains 34 references. (DDR)

  3. Guide to the application of quality-assurance data to routine survey data analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. G. Paulsen; C. L. Chen; K. J. Stetzenbach; M. J. Miah

    1988-01-01

    The National Surface Water Survey of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program was designed to evaluate the present status of the nation's surface waters with regard to the problem of acidic precipitation. The report provides assistance in utilizing the quality-assurance data when interpreting the routine survey data. The quality assurance reports for each of the surface-water surveys, Eastern Lake Survey

  4. Terminology of Quality Assurance: Towards Shared European Values? ENQA Occasional Papers 12

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crozier, Fiona; Curvale, Bruno; Dearlove, Rachel; Helle, Emmi; Henard, Fabrice

    2006-01-01

    In this publication ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) has taken the opportunity to bring together two distinct but related reports. Part 1 examines the language of European quality assurance. It grew out of the debates and discussions at an ENQA workshop in Warwick in June 2006. The success of the workshop…

  5. Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project) Quality Assurance Management Plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fix

    2008-01-01

    The scope of the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project) is to provide technical and integration support to Fluor Hanford, Inc., including operable unit investigations at 300-FF-5 and other groundwater operable units, strategic integration, technical integration and assessments, remediation decision support, and science and technology. This Quality Assurance Management Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and

  6. Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haapakorpi, Arja

    2011-01-01

    In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

  7. QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR LABORATORIES PERFORMING FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL TERRORISM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Scientific Working Group on Forensic Analysis of Chemical Terrorism (SWGFACT) has developed the following quality assurance guidelines to provide laboratories engaged in forensic analysis of chemical evidence associated with terrorism a framework to implement a quality assura...

  8. The Quality Assurance Manual and EPA`s acid rain data quality

    SciTech Connect

    Bloomer, B.J. [EPA, Washington, DC (United States). Acid Rain Div.; Winkler, J.P. [EPA, Dallas, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31

    November 15, 1990 saw the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Within this law was the requirements for all electric utility units greater than 25 megawatts of generated electrical capacity to monitor SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2}, opacity, and volumetric flow of the stack gases. This paper summarizes the Acid Rain Program`s approach to Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Quality Control and Quality Assurance requirements and their use in the market based pollution control program of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. This paper attempts to present the perspective of the authors as to what is important for excellent monitoring system availability and ensuring accurate data acquisition. Emphasis is placed upon the Quality Assurance Manual required by the Acid Rain Regulations for affected unit`s to maintain and follow.

  9. Quality-Assurance Plan for Water-Quality Activities of the U.S. Geological Survey in Miami, Florida

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lietz, A. C., (compiler)

    2003-01-01

    In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Discipline of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Miami to conduct water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Miami USGS for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the Miami USGS quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities.

  10. Quality-Assurance Plan for Water-Quality Activities in the U.S. Geological Survey Washington Water Science Center

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wagner, Richard J.; Kimbrough, Robert A.; Turney, Gary L.

    2007-01-01

    In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Discipline of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), this quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the USGS Washington Water Science Center (WAWSC) in conducting water-quality activities. The plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the personnel of the WAWSC for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the WAWSC's quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and to supplement the WAWSC quality-assurance plan.

  11. Survey of beef quality assurance on California dairies.

    PubMed

    Aly, S S; Rossow, H A; Acetoze, G; Lehenbauer, T W; Payne, M; Meyer, D; Maas, J; Hoar, B

    2014-03-01

    In October 2011, a mail and online survey of California dairy personnel was conducted to assess producer familiarity with and support of the Dairy Animal Care and Quality Assurance (DACQA) program. The DACQA program addresses cattle of all ages (birth to culling) and standard practices that affect the use of dairy cattle for beef. The survey was mailed to a random sample of 1,071 California dairies (65%) stratified by county, proportional to the number of dairies in each respective county. Data from the 158 responses received (15%) showed that 90% of culled cows on California dairies were sold for beef. However, personnel on more than one-half of California dairies (56%) had no knowledge of how their herd cull cows ranked in terms of beef quality measures (body condition score, US Department of Agriculture carcass grade, and hot carcass weight). Survey results showed that a considerable proportion of California dairy personnel were aware of recommended injection practices including a preference for subcutaneous injections (45%). A drug inventory was maintained on approximately 50% of the state's dairies. Management at these dairies was twice as likely to test for drug residues compared with dairies that did not maintain a drug inventory. More information about the DACQA program was requested by more than half of California dairies. PMID:24418277

  12. Reasoning based quality assurance of medical ontologies: a case study.

    PubMed

    Horridge, Matthew; Parsia, Bijan; Noy, Natalya F; Musenm, Mark A

    2014-01-01

    The World Health Organisation is using OWL as a key technology to develop ICD-11 - the next version of the well-known International Classification of Diseases. Besides providing better opportunities for data integration and linkages to other well-known ontologies such as SNOMED-CT, one of the main promises of using OWL is that it will enable various forms of automated error checking. In this paper we investigate how automated OWL reasoning, along with a Justification Finding Service can be used as a Quality Assurance technique for the development of large and complex ontologies such as ICD-11. Using the International Classification of Traditional Medicine (ICTM) - Chapter 24 of ICD-11 - as a case study, and an expert panel of knowledge engineers, we reveal the kinds of problems that can occur, how they can be detected, and how they can be fixed. Specifically, we found that a logically inconsistent version of the ICTM ontology could be repaired using justifications (minimal entailing subsets of an ontology). Although over 600 justifications for the inconsistency were initially computed, we found that there were three main manageable patterns or categories of justifications involving TBox and ABox axioms. These categories represented meaningful domain errors to an expert panel of ICTM project knowledge engineers, who were able to use them to successfully determine the axioms that needed to be revised in order to fix the problem. All members of the expert panel agreed that the approach was useful for debugging and ensuring the quality of ICTM. PMID:25954373

  13. Guidelines for quality assurance in multicenter trials: a position paper.

    PubMed

    Knatterud, G L; Rockhold, F W; George, S L; Barton, F B; Davis, C E; Fairweather, W R; Honohan, T; Mowery, R; O'Neill, R

    1998-10-01

    In the wake of reports of falsified data in one of the trials of the National Surgical Adjuvant Project for Breast and Bowel Cancer supported by the National Cancer Institute, clinical trials came under close scrutiny by the public, the press, and Congress. Questions were asked about the quality and integrity of the collected data and the analyses and conclusions of trials. In 1995, the leaders of the Society for Clinical Trials (the Chair of the Policy Committee, Dr. David DeMets, and the President of the Society, Dr. Sylvan Green) asked two members of the Society (Dr. Genell Knatterud and Dr. Frank Rockhold) to act as co-chairs of a newly formed subcommittee to discuss the issues of data integrity and auditing. In consultation with Drs. DeMets and Green, the co-chairs selected other members (Ms. Franca Barton, Dr. C.E. Davis, Dr. Bill Fairweather, Dr. Stephen George, Mr. Tom Honohan, Dr. Richard Mowery, and Dr. Robert O'Neill) to serve on the subcommittee. The subcommittee considered "how clean clinical trial data should be, to what extent auditing procedures are required, and who should conduct audits and how often." During the initial discussions, the subcommittee concluded that data auditing was insufficient to achieve data integrity. Accordingly, the subcommittee prepared this set of guidelines for standards of quality assurance for multicenter clinical trials. We include recommendations for appropriate action if problems are detected. PMID:9741868

  14. Quality assurance: standards of care and ethical practice

    PubMed Central

    Vear, Herbert J

    1991-01-01

    In the past, standards of care in chiropractic were based upon the bias, empiricism and little if any scientific work by the author. This was due, in part, to history which fostered the belief that all that was needed was anecdotal testimony and in part to the isolation of chiropractic colleges from main stream science. Today, standards are being based upon the scientific evaluation of the clinical procedures used and formulated by consensus of experts within the profession. The chiropractic profession has the duty to create standards of practice that will advance its clinical practice, protect the patient, ensure its contribution to health care and promote research into the assessment of outcomes and effectiveness. Although such steps are being actively pursued, significant discrepancies exist between the 60 statutes regulating chiropractic practice. Absence of consensus not only in the scope of practice but also in lexicon, adds confusion within and outside the profession. In addition, the profession is facing the same difficult task as the other health care professions, the need to develop quality assurance parameters for standards of care, quality of care and outcome of care measurements. Each of the parameters must be rational, defensible and modifiable as advances in science and technology become available. It is the responsibility of each chiropractor to maintain the appropriate level of professional skills to ensure that the patient receives the best care possible.

  15. (abstract) Mission Operations and Control Assurance: Flight Operations Quality Improvements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Welz, Linda L.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Kazz, Sheri L.; Witkowski, Mona M.

    1993-01-01

    Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA), a recent addition to flight operations teams at JPL. provides a system level function to instill quality in mission operations. MO&CA's primary goal at JPL is to help improve the operational reliability for projects during flight. MO&CA tasks include early detection and correction of process design and procedural deficiencies within projects. Early detection and correction are essential during development of operational procedures and training of operational teams. MO&CA's effort focuses directly on reducing the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. Over the last seven years at JPL, MO&CA has become a valuable asset to JPL flight projects. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's efforts to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit directly from previous and ongoing experience. Since MO&CA, like Total Quality Management (TQM), focuses on continuous improvement of processes and elimination of rework, we recommend that this effort be continued on NASA flight projects.

  16. Quality assurance practices for the chemical and biological analyses of water and fluvial sediments

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Friedman, Linda C.; Erdmann, David E.

    1982-01-01

    This chapter contains practices used by the U.S. Geological Survey to assure the quality of analytical data for water, fluvial sediment, and aquatic organisms. These practices are directed primarily toward personnel making water quality measurements. Some detail specific quality control techniques, others document quality assurance procedures being used by the Central Laboratories System of the U.S. Geological Survey, and still others describe various statistical techniques and give examples of their use in evaluating and assuring the quality of analytical data. The practices are arranged into eight sections: Analytical Methods Development Procedures, Standard Quantitative Analysis Techniques, Instrumental Techniques, Reference Material, Laboratory Quality Control; Quality Assurance Monitoring; Documentation, Summary, and Evaluation of Data, Materials Evaluation. Each section is preceded by a brief description of the material covered. Similarly within each section, each practice is preceded by a description of its application or scope.

  17. Embedding Quality: The Challenges for Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lomas, Laurie

    2004-01-01

    This paper reviews recent research, literature and the views of a small sample of senior managers and academics in English higher education institutions on the challenges associated with embedding quality. When implemented by a university, quality enhancement models such as total quality management and the European Foundation for Quality

  18. A Systems Engineering Approach to Quality Assurance for Aerospace Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, Christena C.

    2014-01-01

    On the surface, it appears that AS9100 has little to say about how to apply a Quality Management System (QMS) to major aerospace test programs (or even smaller ones). It also appears that there is little in the quality engineering Body of Knowledge (BOK) that applies to testing, unless it is nondestructive examination (NDE), or some type of lab or bench testing associated with the manufacturing process. However, if one examines: a) how the systems engineering (SE) processes are implemented throughout a test program; and b) how these SE processes can be mapped to the requirements of AS9100, a number of areas for involvement of the quality professional are revealed. What often happens is that quality assurance during a test program is limited to inspections of the test article; what could be considered a manufacturing al fresco approach. This limits the quality professional and is a disservice to the programs and projects, since there are a number of ways that quality can enhance critical processes, and support efforts to improve risk reduction, efficiency and effectiveness. The Systems Engineering (SE) discipline is widely used in aerospace to ensure the progress from Stakeholder Expectations (the President, Congress, the taxpayers) to a successful, delivered product or service. Although this is well known, what is not well known is that these same SE processes are implemented in varying complexity, to prepare for and implement test projects that support research, development, verification and validation, qualification, and acceptance test projects. Although the test organization's terminology may vary from the SE terminology, and from one test service provider to another, the basic process is followed by successful, reliable testing organizations. For this analysis, NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 7123.1, NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements is used to illustrate the SE processes that are used for major aerospace testing. Many of these processes are also implemented for smaller test projects, and this set of processes will also look familiar to those who have participated in launch site activation and flight demonstrations.

  19. Society of Quality Assurance demographic and salary survey.

    PubMed

    Brodish, D; Bandoli, M; Smith, R

    1997-01-01

    A demographic and salary survey of the Society of Quality Assurance (SQA) was completed in early 1995. This survey was undertaken by the SQA Board of Publications and is the second to be commissioned by the Society. The SQA survey addressed demographic information, employer information, job description, and salary data. A total fo 399 responses were received--60% from women and 40% from men. The median age of respondents was between 36 and 40 years. Most respondents had at least a bachelor's degree and major fields of training were in the areas of biology and chemistry; however, nearly half responding listed other fields of expertise. Approximately 99% of respondents had at least some Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) experience; however, most had little or no Good Clinical Practice (GCP) or current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) experience. A majority of respondents listed pharmaceuticals, contract research, industry, or chemicals/pesticides/petroleum as best describing their facility. Forty-one percent of respondents were auditors or inspectors (approximately half of all respondents did not supervise others) and 34% were managers or directors. Quality assurance (QA) responsibilities included performing inspections/audits, QA program development, reporting to upper management, and hosting outside auditors. Other activities, such as computer validation, budget management, and archive maintenance, were less frequent. Overall, annual salaries were approximately $20,000 or less (3.6%); $20-30,000 (9.8%); $30-40,000 (20.8%); $40-50,000 (22.6%); $50-60,000 (17.3%); $60-70,000 (10.5%); $70-80,000 (6.9%); and $80,000 or more (8.5%). The median annual salary for the survey was $45-50,000 per year. Salaries increased with education and years of experience. For example, annual salaries ranged from $25-30,000 for 2-5 years of experience to $50-60,000 for > 20 years of experience. Median annual salaries were substantially higher for pharmaceutical and chemical/pesticide/petroleum companies ($50-60,000) compared to contract research laboratories ($35-40,000). Salaries for consultants were highly variable, ranging from under $15,000 per year to > $100,000 per year. PMID:9436238

  20. Objective performance testing and quality assurance of medical ultrasound equipment.

    PubMed

    Thijssen, Johan M; Weijers, Gert; de Korte, Chris L

    2007-03-01

    There is an urgent need for a measurement protocol and software analysis for objective testing of the imaging performance of medical ultrasound equipment from a user's point of view. Methods for testing of imaging performance were developed. Simple test objects were used, which have a long life expectancy. First, the elevational focus (slice thickness) of the transducer was estimated and the in-plane transmit focus was positioned at the same depth. Next, the postprocessing look-up-table (LUT) was measured and linearized. The tests performed were echo level dynamic range (dB), contrast resolution (i.e., gamma of display, number of gray levels/dB) and sensitivity, overall system sensitivity, lateral sensitivity profile, dead zone, spatial resolution and geometric conformity of display. The concept of a computational observer was used to define the lesion signal-to-noise ratio, SNR(L) (or Mahalanobis distance), as a measure for contrast sensitivity. All the measurements were made using digitized images and quantified by objective means, i.e., by image analysis. The whole performance measurement protocol, as well as the quantitative measurements, have been implemented in software. An extensive data-base browser was implemented from which analysis of the images can be started and reports generated. These reports contain all the information about the measurements, such as graphs, images and numbers. The approach of calibrating the gamma by using a linearized LUT was validated by processing simultaneously acquired rf data. The contrast resolution and echo level of the rf data had to be compressed by a factor of two and amplified by a gain factor corresponding to 12 dB. This resulted in contrast curves that were practically identical to those obtained from DICOM image data. The effects of changing the transducer center frequency on the spatial resolution and contrast sensitivity were estimated to illustrate the practical usefulness of the developed approach of quality assurance by measuring objective performance characteristics. The developed methods might be considered as a minimum set of objective quality assurance measures. This set might be used to predict clinical performance of medical ultrasound equipment, taking into account the performance at a unique point in space i.e., the coinciding depths of the elevation and in-plane (azimuth) foci. Furthermore, it should be investigated whether the approach might be used to compare objectively various brands of equipment and to evaluate the performance specifications given by the manufacturer. Last but not least, the developed approach can be used to monitor, in a hospital environment, the medical ultrasound equipment during its life cycle. The software package may be viewed and downloaded at the website http://www.qa4us.eu. PMID:17275983

  1. The transition to a revised quality assurance standard: The Los Alamos experience

    SciTech Connect

    Bolivar, S.L.; Clevenger, M.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Gillespie, P.F.; Day, J.L. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., NM (United States)

    1994-04-01

    On January 6, 1993 the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) office received a directive to implement DOE/RW-0333P, Quality Assurance Requirements and Description. This document is a revised quality assurance standard containing the quality assurance requirements for the YMP. Forty-two Los Alamos quality assurance documents were affected by this directive. Our goal was to transition to the revised standard with minimal impact on research activities yet maintain maximum flexibility and efficiency. The process of transitioning to a revised quality assurance standard, in essence replacing an existing quality assurance program with a new program, was a unique learning experience. Although some problems were anticipated, the magnitude and complexity of problems was, at times, almost overwhelming. The problems encountered include the review process being more complex than anticipated; inconsistencies of much larger magnitude than originally believed; difficulties with electronic data base connections; quality processes being more complex than originally perceived, and administrative bottlenecks. The transition was very stressful and this was in part caused by the magnitude of the change. However, the transition process was enhanced by both a flexible schedule (provided by the customer) and flexibility in being able to revise procedures and modify processes. This allowed for minimal disruption to research activities. The new quality assurance program is better documented, therefore should be better understood by YMP personnel, is tracked electronically, and should provide a better product for the customer.

  2. [Quality assurance in the orthopaedic management of neuromuscular diseases].

    PubMed

    Strobl, W M

    2010-01-01

    Increased interest in quality improvement has been brought about by advances in medical technology, health economics and social attitudes over the past decades. Targeted evaluation of infrastructure as well as therapeutic pathways and outcomes can help both patient and carer to achieve optimal treatment processes and a low error rate by means of continuous improvements. While on the one hand there is an urgent need for quality evaluation of health care in disabled persons, on the other this evaluation is challenging since quality of life has to be evaluated for each individual case. Neuroorthopaedic care involves diagnosis, analysis, treatment and rehabilitation of orthopaedic disorders resulting from cerebral and neuromuscular diseases. The aim of treatment is to achieve the best possible quality of life from infancy through to old age, which is measured according to pain-free movement as well as on the ability to actively participate in a social environment. To measure therapeutic outcome, technical methods such as electronic gait analysis, functional scores, questionnaires on subjective satisfaction, as well as economic evaluation of the cost-benefit ratio. Furthermore, medical treatment and technical and logistical processes are evaluated. Evaluation of structure quality provides information on personnel, time, infrastructure, cooperation and knowledge resources. PMID:20063089

  3. Quality Management: The New Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger Williams; Ton Van Der Wiele; Jos Van Iwaarden; Boudewijn Bertsch; Barrie Dale

    2006-01-01

    This paper puts forward the argument that there are two kinds of quality management – ‘old’ or classical quality management and ‘new’ quality management. The aim of classical quality management was to analyse errors and eliminate their causes and associated variation by improved product and process design. In recent times a number of major changes have taken place resulting in

  4. SQA(TM): Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar Program

    SciTech Connect

    Tzyy-Shuh Chang; Jianjun Shi; Shiyu Zhou

    2009-03-03

    OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT) has led this SQA (Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar) program to solve the major surface quality problems plaguing the US special quality steel bars and rods industry and their customers, based on crosscutting sensors and controls technologies. Surface defects in steel formed in a hot rolling process are one of the most common quality issues faced by the American steel industry, accounting for roughly 50% of the rejects or 2.5% of the total shipment. Unlike other problems such as the mechanical properties of the steel product, most surface defects are sporadic and cannot be addressed based on sampling techniques. This issue hurts the rolling industry and their customers in their process efficiency and operational costs. The goal of this program is to develop and demonstrate an SQA prototype, with synergy of HotEye® and other innovations, that enables effective rolling process control and efficient quality control. HotEye®, OGT’s invention, delivers high definition images of workpieces at or exceeding 1,450?C while the workpieces travel at 100 m/s. The elimination of surface defect rejects will be achieved through the integration of imaging-based quality assessment, advanced signal processing, predictive process controls and the integration with other quality control tools. The SQA program team, composed of entities capable of and experienced in (1) research, (2) technology manufacturing, (3) technology sales and marketing, and (4) technology end users, is very strong. There were 5 core participants: OGT, Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT), University of Wisconsin (UW), Charter Steel (Charter) and ArcelorMittal Indiana Harbor (Inland). OGT served as the project coordinator. OGT participated in both research and commercialization. GIT and UW provided significant technical inputs to this SQA project. The steel mills provided access to their rolling lines for data collection, design of experiments, host of technology test and verification, and first-hand knowledge of the most advanced rolling line operation in the US. This project lasted 5 years with 5 major tasks. The team successfully worked through the tasks with deliverables in detection, data analysis and process control. Technologies developed in this project were commercialized as soon as they were ready. For instance, the advanced surface defect detection algorithms were integrated into OGT’s HotEye® RSB systems late 2005, resulting in a more matured product serving the steel industry. In addition to the commercialization results, the SQA team delivered 7 papers and 1 patent. OGT was also recognized by two prestigious awards, including the R&D100 Award in 2006. To date, this SQA project has started to make an impact in the special bar quality industry. The resulted product, HotEye® RSB systems have been accepted by quality steel mills worldwide. Over 16 installations were completed, including 1 in Argentina, 2 in Canada, 2 in China, 2 in Germany, 2 in Japan, and 7 in the U.S. Documented savings in reduced internal rejects, improved customer satisfaction and simplified processes were reported from various mills. In one case, the mill reported over 50% reduction in its scrap, reflecting a significant saving in energy and reduction in emission. There exist additional applications in the steel industry where the developed technologies can be used. OGT is working toward bringing the developed technologies to more applications. Examples are: in-line inspection and process control for continuous casting, steel rails, and seamless tube manufacturing.

  5. Clinical practice and evaluation of electronic portal imaging device for VMAT quality assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Huang, Yen-Cho, E-mail: yenchohuang@hotmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Chien-Yi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Jih-Hsiang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Lo, Ching-Jung; Tsai, Ping-Fang; Hung, Chih-Hung [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Chieh-Sheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Chen, Chen-Yuan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China)

    2013-04-01

    Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a novel extension of the intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) technique, which has brought challenges to dose verification. To perform VMAT pretreatment quality assurance, an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) can be applied. This study's aim was to evaluate EPID performance for VMAT dose verification. First, dosimetric characteristics of EPID were investigated. Then 10 selected VMAT dose plans were measured by EPID with the rotational method. The overall variation of EPID dosimetric characteristics was within 1.4% for VMAT. The film system serving as a conventional tool for verification showed good agreement both with EPID measurements ([94.1 ± 1.5]% with 3 mm/3% criteria) and treatment planning system (TPS) calculations ([97.4 ± 2.8]% with 3 mm/3% criteria). In addition, EPID measurements for VMAT presented good agreement with TPS calculations ([99.1 ± 0.6]% with 3 mm/3% criteria). The EPID system performed the robustness of potential error findings in TPS calculations and the delivery system. This study demonstrated that an EPID system can be used as a reliable and efficient quality assurance tool for VMAT dose verification.

  6. Quality control and assurance for validation of DOS/I measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cerussi, Albert; Durkin, Amanda; Kwong, Richard; Quang, Timothy; Hill, Brian; Tromberg, Bruce J.; MacKinnon, Nick; Mantulin, William W.

    2010-02-01

    Ongoing multi-center clinical trials are crucial for Biophotonics to gain acceptance in medical imaging. In these trials, quality control (QC) and assurance (QA) are key to success and provide "data insurance". Quality control and assurance deal with standardization, validation, and compliance of procedures, materials and instrumentation. Specifically, QC/QA involves systematic assessment of testing materials, instrumentation performance, standard operating procedures, data logging, analysis, and reporting. QC and QA are important for FDA accreditation and acceptance by the clinical community. Our Biophotonics research in the Network for Translational Research in Optical Imaging (NTROI) program for breast cancer characterization focuses on QA/QC issues primarily related to the broadband Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy and Imaging (DOS/I) instrumentation, because this is an emerging technology with limited standardized QC/QA in place. In the multi-center trial environment, we implement QA/QC procedures: 1. Standardize and validate calibration standards and procedures. (DOS/I technology requires both frequency domain and spectral calibration procedures using tissue simulating phantoms and reflectance standards, respectively.) 2. Standardize and validate data acquisition, processing and visualization (optimize instrument software-EZDOS; centralize data processing) 3. Monitor, catalog and maintain instrument performance (document performance; modularize maintenance; integrate new technology) 4. Standardize and coordinate trial data entry (from individual sites) into centralized database 5. Monitor, audit and communicate all research procedures (database, teleconferences, training sessions) between participants ensuring "calibration". This manuscript describes our ongoing efforts, successes and challenges implementing these strategies.

  7. MODIS Land Data Products: Generation, Quality Assurance and Validation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Masuoka, Edward; Wolfe, Robert; Morisette, Jeffery; Sinno, Scott; Teague, Michael; Saleous, Nazmi; Devadiga, Sadashiva; Justice, Christopher; Nickeson, Jaime

    2008-01-01

    The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on-board NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and Aqua Satellites are key instruments for providing data on global land, atmosphere, and ocean dynamics. Derived MODIS land, atmosphere and ocean products are central to NASA's mission to monitor and understand the Earth system. NASA has developed and generated on a systematic basis a suite of MODIS products starting with the first Terra MODIS data sensed February 22, 2000 and continuing with the first MODIS-Aqua data sensed July 2, 2002. The MODIS Land products are divided into three product suites: radiation budget products, ecosystem products, and land cover characterization products. The production and distribution of the MODIS Land products are described, from initial software delivery by the MODIS Land Science Team, to operational product generation and quality assurance, delivery to EOS archival and distribution centers, and product accuracy assessment and validation. Progress and lessons learned since the first MODIS data were in early 2000 are described.

  8. The effect of job performance aids on quality assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Fosshage, Erik

    2014-06-01

    Job performance aids (JPAs) have been studied for many decades in a variety of disciplines and for many different types of tasks, yet this is the first known research experiment using JPAs in a quality assurance (QA) context. The objective of this thesis was to assess whether a JPA has an effect on the performance of a QA observer performing the concurrent dual verification technique for a basic assembly task. The JPA used in this study was a simple checklist, and the design borrows heavily from prior research on task analysis and other human factors principles. The assembly task and QA construct of concurrent dual verification are consistent with those of a high consequence manufacturing environment. Results showed that the JPA had only a limited effect on QA performance in the context of this experiment. However, there were three important and unexpected findings that may draw interest from a variety of practitioners. First, a novel testing methodology sensitive enough to measure the effects of a JPA on performance was created. Second, the discovery that there are different probabilities of detection for different types of error in a QA context may be the most far-reaching results. Third, these results highlight the limitations of concurrent dual verification as a control against defects. It is hoped that both the methodology and results of this study are an effective baseline from which to launch future research activities.

  9. NARAC SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE: ADAPTING FORMALISM TO MEET VARYING NEEDS

    SciTech Connect

    Walker, H; Nasstrom, J S; Homann, S G

    2007-11-20

    The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) provides tools and services that predict and map the spread of hazardous material accidentally or intentionally released into the atmosphere. NARAC is a full function system that can meet a wide range of needs with a particular focus on emergency response. The NARAC system relies on computer software in the form of models of the atmosphere and related physical processes supported by a framework for data acquisition and management, user interface, visualization, communications and security. All aspects of the program's operations and research efforts are predicated to varying degrees on the reliable and correct performance of this software. Consequently, software quality assurance (SQA) is an essential component of the NARAC program. The NARAC models and system span different levels of sophistication, fidelity and complexity. These different levels require related but different approaches to SQA. To illustrate this, two different levels of software complexity are considered in this paper. As a relatively simple example, the SQA procedures that are being used for HotSpot, a straight-line Gaussian model focused on radiological releases, are described. At the other extreme, the SQA issues that must be considered and balanced for the more complex NARAC system are reviewed.

  10. A 128 pixel linear array for radiotherapy quality assurance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franco, L.; Gómez, F.; Iglesias, A.; Lobato, R.; Marín, J.; Mosquera, J.; Pardo, J.; Pazos, A.; Pena, J.; Pombar, M.; Rodríguez, A.; Saavedra, D.; Sendón, J.; Yañez, A.

    2004-12-01

    New radiotherapy techniques require detectors able to verify and monitor the clinical beam with high spatial resolution and fast response. Room temperature organic liquid ionization detectors are becoming an alternative to standard air ionization chambers, due to their tissue equivalent behavior, their sensibility and small directional dependence. A liquid isooctane filled ionization linear array for radiotherapy quality assurance has been designed, built and tested. The detector consists of 128 pixels, each of them with an area of 1.7 mm×1.7 mm and a gap of 0.5 mm. The small pixel size makes the detector ideal for high gradient beam profiles like those present in Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy. The gap and the polarization voltage have been chosen in order to guarantee a linear relationship between the dose rate and the readout signal at high dose rates. As readout electronics we use the X-ray Data Acquisition System with the Xchip developed by the CCLRC.In the first device tests we have confirmed linearity up to a 6.7 Gy/min dose rate with a deviation less than 1%. A profile with a signal-to-noise ratio around 500 can be obtained for a 4 Gy/min dose rate with a 10 ms integration time.

  11. Using an EPID for patient-specific VMAT quality assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Bakhtiari, M.; Kumaraswamy, L.; Bailey, D. W.; Boer, S. de; Malhotra, H. K.; Podgorsak, M. B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 (United States)

    2011-03-15

    Purpose: A patient-specific quality assurance (QA) method was developed to verify gantry-specific individual multileaf collimator (MLC) apertures (control points) in volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Methods: VMAT treatment plans were generated in an Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS). DICOM images from a Varian EPID (aS1000) acquired in continuous acquisition mode were used for pretreatment QA. Each cine image file contains the grayscale image of the MLC aperture related to its specific control point and the corresponding gantry angle information. The TPS MLC file of this RapidArc plan contains the leaf positions for all 177 control points (gantry angles). In-house software was developed that interpolates the measured images based on the gantry angle and overlays them with the MLC pattern for all control points. The 38% isointensity line was used to define the edge of the MLC leaves on the portal images. The software generates graphs and tables that provide analysis for the number of mismatched leaf positions for a chosen distance to agreement at each control point and the frequency in which each particular leaf mismatches for the entire arc. Results: Seven patients plans were analyzed using this method. The leaves with the highest mismatched rate were found to be treatment plan dependent. Conclusions: This in-house software can be used to automatically verify the MLC leaf positions for all control points of VMAT plans using cine images acquired by an EPID.

  12. [The tracer concept of quality assurance in the hospital--a critical evaluation].

    PubMed

    Paschen, U; Vitt, K D

    1992-09-01

    The "tracer concept", on which the introduction of quality assurance measures in Germany according to section 137 GRG is based, are critically confronted with the general test philosophy. It is shown that this tracer methodology does not come up to expectations and should be abandoned. Development and introduction of indicators are recommended that would be more appropriate to attain the target of quality assurance: quality improvement. PMID:1421834

  13. National Surface Water Survey, Western Lake Survey (Phase 1 - synoptic chemistry) quality assurance report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. E. Silverstein; M. L. Faber; S. K. Drouse; T. E. Mitchell-Hall

    1987-01-01

    The quality-assurance program for the Western Lake Survey - Phase I was designed to ensure that the data collected were of known and acceptable quality. The quality-assurance program was based on similar activities conducted for the Eastern Lake Survey; -Phase I, and included the following major elements: selection of analytical laboratories, training of field sampling and field laboratory crews, on-site

  14. We Can't Go Home Again: Insights from a Quarter Century of Experiments in External Academic Quality Assurance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dill, David D.

    2010-01-01

    What have we learned from 25 years of experience with external academic quality assurance that can help design more effective framework conditions for assuring academic standards? The key elements appear to be the structure and means of evaluating national academic quality assurance agencies, the nature of academic quality information mandated by…

  15. ENQA: 10 Years (2000-2010): A Decade of European Co-Operation in Quality Assurance in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crozier, Fiona, Ed.; Costes, Nathalie, Ed.; Ranne, Paula, Ed.; Stalter, Maria, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    The history of ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) arises in the late 1990s when the first formal procedures for quality assurance begun to stabilize on a national level. As a result of the European Pilot Projects in the field of external quality assurance during the nineties, participants felt the need for…

  16. Implementation of a Quality Assurance Review System for the Scalable Development of Online Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozdemir, Devrim; Loose, Rich

    2014-01-01

    With the growing demand for quality online education in the US, developing quality online courses and online programs, and more importantly maintaining this quality, have been an inevitable concern for higher education institutes. Current literature on quality assurance in online education mostly focuses on the development of review models and…

  17. Quality-assurance and data-management plan for water-quality activities in the Kansas Water Science Center, 2014

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rasmussen, Teresa J.; Bennett, Trudy J.; Foster, Guy M.; Graham, Jennifer L.; Putnam, James E.

    2014-01-01

    As the Nation’s largest water, earth, and biological science and civilian mapping information agency, the U.S. Geological Survey is relied on to collect high-quality data, and produce factual and impartial interpretive reports. This quality-assurance and data-management plan provides guidance for water-quality activities conducted by the Kansas Water Science Center. Policies and procedures are documented for activities related to planning, collecting, storing, documenting, tracking, verifying, approving, archiving, and disseminating water-quality data. The policies and procedures described in this plan complement quality-assurance plans for continuous water-quality monitoring, surface-water, and groundwater activities in Kansas.

  18. Quality assurance for the query and distribution systems of the RCSB Protein Data Bank

    PubMed Central

    Bluhm, Wolfgang F.; Beran, Bojan; Bi, Chunxiao; Dimitropoulos, Dimitris; Prli?, Andreas; Quinn, Gregory B.; Rose, Peter W.; Shah, Chaitali; Young, Jasmine; Yukich, Benjamin; Berman, Helen M.; Bourne, Philip E.

    2011-01-01

    The RCSB Protein Data Bank (RCSB PDB, www.pdb.org) is a key online resource for structural biology and related scientific disciplines. The website is used on average by 165?000 unique visitors per month, and more than 2000 other websites link to it. The amount and complexity of PDB data as well as the expectations on its usage are growing rapidly. Therefore, ensuring the reliability and robustness of the RCSB PDB query and distribution systems are crucially important and increasingly challenging. This article describes quality assurance for the RCSB PDB website at several distinct levels, including: (i) hardware redundancy and failover, (ii) testing protocols for weekly database updates, (iii) testing and release procedures for major software updates and (iv) miscellaneous monitoring and troubleshooting tools and practices. As such it provides suggestions for how other websites might be operated. Database URL: www.pdb.org PMID:21382834

  19. GPR in Nondestructive Quality Assurance of New Asphalt Pavements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poikajärvi, J.; Peisa, K.; Narbro, A.

    2012-04-01

    Mara Nord is an international cooperation project financed by Interreg IVA Nord funding program with partners from Finland, Sweden and Norway. One of the objectives in Mara Nord project has been to research the quality assurance of new asphalt pavement. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey is used as an alternative method for coring in quality assurance. There exist numerous advantages for the use of GPR. For example, the fluent measuring arrangements without closing the traffic on the road and the extensive continuous profile that can be constructed from the measuring data. Within the framework of Mara Nord Project field tests were organized in Seinäjoki region in Finland on August 2011. The tests were done by four consulting companies from Finland and Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences. The aim of these tests was to compare the measured dielectric value profiles and the calculated void content profiles of the equipment. The tested equipment was GSSI manufactured SIR-20 and 1 GHz horn antennas. Void content values were calculated using the model presented by Mr. Roimela (1997). All core samples were taken from the right wheel path. The same reference core samples were used when analyzing the data of each GPR equipment. Some samples were taken right after the pavement work was completed with the rest three weeks after during the test measurements. The tests indicated that GPRs have very good repeatability in measuring dielectric changes on top surface layers of asphalt pavements. Furthermore, different GPRs locate the same detectable longitudinal dielectric changes with high accuracy. Some differences were found in the dielectric value levels, yet reproducibility of the calculated void content values was quite good. The test data was also used to evaluate the reliability of the regression model between the dielectric values measured through GPR and the void content of the pavement determined from reference cores. Test data indicated that accurate regression model could not be validated by using test data because of too wide variation. The variation of void content in core sample results was not always registered by GPR with corresponding variation in dielectric value. There was some moisture present in test conditions and this might have influenced the GPR results. There are some reference data from dry conditions which will be used later on for analyzing the influence of moisture. There was also quite wide variation in void content determined from core samples taken close to each other during field tests. However, wide variation was not seen in core samples taken right after the pavement work. It is possible that traffic load had its effect on the asphalt pavement compaction. The results indicate that when using only one survey line it should be located between wheel paths. Another option is GPR void content measurements should be done right after the pavement work.

  20. Quality assurance plan for Atlas raw steel sheets

    SciTech Connect

    Guarino, V.

    1998-02-10

    As part of a collaborative experimental High Energy Physics experiment at the LHC Facility, CERN Laboratory, Geneva, Switzerland, a group of US institutions has accepted the responsibility for constructing a large portion of the calorimeter for this experiment. This device is referred to as the Tile Calorimeter. The Tile Calorimeter has three major elements, a large center section (Barrel), and two end sections (Extended Barrel). The US group will be responsible for the construction of one of these extended barrel sections. All of the components that are required to construct this device will be fabricated in the US over a period of three years commencing in 1998. Another similar element and the barrel element will be constructed in both eastern and western Europe by parallel groups. The extended barrel is a cylindrical device approximately 8.5 meters (28 ft.) OD x 4.5 meters (14 ft.) ID, made up of 64 wedges. Each of these wedges is constructed by bolting submodules to a strongback girder. Each submodule is constructed of a series of sheets that are welded and glued together. The purpose of this Quality Assurance document is to insure that the raw steel sheet meets the magnetic, strength, and stamping requirements for the Atlas tile Calorimeter. In order to meet these requirements, a set of specifications has been developed and are described below. These specifications must be met by the steel supplier as well as an independent testing plan to be performed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). The independent testing is divided into three parts: on-site inspection of the cold rolling process and subsequent slitting of the coil into individual sheets; off-site tests on the magnetic properties of the steel sheet; off-site tests of the internal stress of the sheet.

  1. Quality assurance methodology for Varian RapidArc treatment plans.

    PubMed

    Iftimia, Ileana; Cirino, Eileen T; Xiong, Li; Mower, Herbert W

    2010-01-01

    With the commercial introduction of the Varian RapidArc, a new modality for treatment planning and delivery, the need has arisen for consistent and efficient techniques for performing patient-specific quality assurance (QA) tests. In this paper we present our methodology for a RapidArc treatment plan QA procedure. For our measurements we used a 2D diode array (MapCHECK) embedded at 5 cm water equivalent depth in MapPHAN 5 phantom and an Exradin A16 ion chamber placed in six different positions in a cylindrical homogeneous phantom (QUASAR). We also checked the MUs for the RapidArc plans by using independent software (RadCalc). The agreement between Eclipse calculations and MapCHECK/MapPHAN5 measurements was evaluated using both absolute distance-to-agreement (DTA) and gamma index with 10% dose threshold (TH), 3% dose difference (DD), and 3 mm DTA. The average agreement was 94.4% for the DTA approach and 96.3% for the gamma index approach. In high-dose areas, the discrepancy between calculations and ion chamber measurements using the QUASAR phantom was within 4.5% for prostate cases. For the RadCalc calculations, we used the average SSD along the arc; however, for some patients the agreement for the MUs obtained with RadCalc versus Eclipse was inadequate (discrepancy > 5%). In these cases, the plan was divided into partial arc plans so that RadCalc could perform a better estimation of the MUs. The discrepancy was further reduced to within ~4% using this approach. Regardless of the variation in prescribed dose and location of the treated areas, we obtained very good results for all patients studied in this paper. PMID:21081873

  2. 42 CFR 441.585 - Quality assurance system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...improvement and assurance to each individual receiving such services and supports. (c) The State must elicit and incorporate feedback from individuals and their representatives, disability organizations, providers, families of disabled or elderly...

  3. Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Grabbe, R.R.

    1995-03-02

    The objective of this Quality Assurance Plan is to provide quality assurance (QA) guidance, implementation of regulatory QA requirements, and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the Department of Energy (DOE)-issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) and additional federal [10 US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 830.120] QA requirements that HASQAP does not cover. This document describes how the laboratory implements QA requirements to meet the federal or state requirements, provides what are the default QC specifications, and/or identifies the procedural information that governs how the laboratory operates. In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. This document also covers QA elements that are required in the Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Program Plans (QAPPs), (QAMS-004), and Interim Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Product Plans (QAMS-005) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A QA Index is provided in the Appendix A.

  4. An analysis of reintubations from a quality assurance database of 152,000 cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter J Lee; Allison MacLennan; Norah N Naughton; Michael O'Reilly

    2003-01-01

    Study objectiveTo determine if the majority of reintubations, a potentially preventable adverse event, were predominantly due to residual muscle relaxant effects, we analyzed our quality assurance database to identify the causes of reintubation.

  5. 77 FR 8209 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-14

    ...assurance and quality control (QA/QC) procedures for continuous opacity monitoring systems (COMS) used...for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Part 60 Air pollution control, Environmental protection, Continuous opacity monitoring. Dated: February...

  6. QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS: VOLUME IV - METEOROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS (REVISED - AUGUST 1994)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Procedures on installing, acceptance testing, operating, maintaining and quality assuring three types of ground-based, upper air meteorological measurement systems are described. he limitations and uncertainties in precision and accuracy measurements associated with these systems...

  7. 48 CFR 53.301-1406 - Preaward Survey of Prospective Contractor-Quality Assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...301-1406 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Illustrations of Forms 53.301-1406 Preaward Survey of Prospective Contractor—Quality Assurance. ER09DE97.000...

  8. An Overview of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data Quality Assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Peppler, Randy A. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Long, Chuck A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Sisterson, D. L. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Turner, D. [University of Wisconsin; Bahrmann, C. P. [Pennsylvania State University; Christensen, Sigurd W [ORNL; Doty, K. J. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL); Eagan, R. C. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Halter, T. D. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Ivey, M. D. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Keck, N. N. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Kehoe, Kenneth E. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Liljegren, J. C. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Macduff, M. C. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Mather, J. H. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); McCord, Raymond A [ORNL; Monroe, Justin W. [University of Oklahoma; Moore, Sean T. [Mission Research and Technical Services; Nitschke, K. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Orr, B. W. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Perez, Robin C. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Perkins, B. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Richardson, S. J. [Pennsylvania State University; Sonntag, Karen L. [University of Oklahoma, Norman; Voyles, Jimmy W. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Wagener, R. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL)

    2008-01-01

    This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's data quality assurance program. Processes described include data archival, display, and distribution, data stream reprocessing, and future directions in ARM data quality checking. A comprehensive, end-to-end data quality assurance program, from instrument siting, to calibration and maintenance, through data quality control and well-documented dissemination, is essential for producing a high-quality research data set. The processes developed over the past 15 years by the ARM Program offer a possible framework for use by other instrumentation-diverse networks, and are offered here to highlight the myriad aspects that go into producing such a data set.

  9. The Soils and Groundwater – EM-20 S&T Roadmap Quality Assurance Project Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-02-11

    The Soils and Groundwater – EM-20 Science and Technology Roadmap Project is a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies and technology for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by EM-20 Roadmap Project staff.

  10. Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project) Quality Assurance Management Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-02-20

    The scope of the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project) is to provide technical and integration support to Fluor Hanford, Inc., including operable unit investigations at 300-FF-5 and other groundwater operable units, strategic integration, technical integration and assessments, remediation decision support, and science and technology. This Quality Assurance Management Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project).

  11. Quality assurance grading guidelines for research and development at DOE facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Powell, T.B.; Morris, R.N.

    1993-01-01

    The quality assurance (QA) requirements for the US Department of Energy (DOE) are established in DOE Order 5700.6C. This order is applicable for all DOE departmental elements, management, and maintenance and operating contractors and requires that documented Quality Assurance Programs (QAPs) are prepared at all levels; it has one attachment. The DOE Office of Energy Research (DOE-ER) has issued a standard to ensure implementation of the full intent of this order in the ER community.

  12. Handbook of software quality assurance techniques applicable to the nuclear industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bryant, J.L.; Wilburn, N.P.

    1987-08-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a research project to recommend good engineering practices in the application of 10 CFR 50, Appendix B requirements to assure quality in the development and use of computer software for the design and operation of nuclear power plants for NRC and industry. This handbook defines the content of a software quality assurance program by enumerating the techniques applicable. Definitions, descriptions, and references where further information may be obtained are provided for each topic.

  13. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Apatite Investigation at the 100NR2 Quality Assurance Project Plan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fix

    2008-01-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by staff working on the 100-NR-2 Apatite Project. The U.S. Department of Energy, Fluor Hanford, Inc., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and the Washington Department of Ecology agreed that the long-term strategy for groundwater remediation at 100-N would include apatite sequestration as the primary treatment,

  14. Project Hanford management contract quality assurance program implementation plan for nuclear facilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1997-01-01

    During transition from the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) Management and Operations (M and O) contract to the Fluor Daniel Hanford (FDH) Management and Integration (M and I) contract, existing WHC policies, procedures, and manuals were reviewed to determine which to adopt on an interim basis. Both WHC-SP-1131,Hanford Quality Assurance Program and Implementation Plan, and WHC-CM-4-2, Quality Assurance Manual, were adopted;

  15. Quality control and assurance in anesthesia: A necessity of the modern times

    PubMed Central

    Bajwa, Sukhminder Jit Singh; Jindal, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    The advent of newer developments in anesthesia techniques and current clinical scenario has necessitated assurance of quality anesthesia services delivery. Numerous factors including availability of newer drugs, availability of newer advanced monitoring gadgets, increased awareness among the patient population, implementation of newer medico-legal laws and professional competitiveness has mandated a quality control and assurance in anesthesia. These domains of quality control are adapted from public health and are being incorporated into daily anesthesia practice in a gradual and phased manner. Quality control and assurance can be assessed and measured with certain quality indicators, which are also helpful in determining the perioperative outcome in anesthesia and surgical practice. Patient's perception about various anesthetic procedures, drug effects and recovery state are the prime underlying basis for assessing the quality assurance and control. At the same time, a positive impact of feedback mechanism cannot be under-emphasized while aiming for improvement in delivery of quality anesthesia services. The current review is aimed at highlighting the important aspects associated with quality assurance and quality control in anesthesia practice. PMID:25886215

  16. Quality control and assurance in anesthesia: A necessity of the modern times.

    PubMed

    Bajwa, Sukhminder Jit Singh; Jindal, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    The advent of newer developments in anesthesia techniques and current clinical scenario has necessitated assurance of quality anesthesia services delivery. Numerous factors including availability of newer drugs, availability of newer advanced monitoring gadgets, increased awareness among the patient population, implementation of newer medico-legal laws and professional competitiveness has mandated a quality control and assurance in anesthesia. These domains of quality control are adapted from public health and are being incorporated into daily anesthesia practice in a gradual and phased manner. Quality control and assurance can be assessed and measured with certain quality indicators, which are also helpful in determining the perioperative outcome in anesthesia and surgical practice. Patient's perception about various anesthetic procedures, drug effects and recovery state are the prime underlying basis for assessing the quality assurance and control. At the same time, a positive impact of feedback mechanism cannot be under-emphasized while aiming for improvement in delivery of quality anesthesia services. The current review is aimed at highlighting the important aspects associated with quality assurance and quality control in anesthesia practice. PMID:25886215

  17. Challenges of assuring crew safety in space shuttle missions with international cargoes.

    PubMed

    Vongsouthy, C; Stenger-Nguyen, P A; Nguyen, H V; Nguyen, P H; Huang, M C; Alexander, R G

    2004-02-01

    The top priority in America's manned space flight program is the assurance of crew and vehicle safety. This priority gained greater focus during and after the Space Shuttle return-to-flight mission (STS-26). One of the interesting challenges has been to assure crew safety and adequate protection of the Space Shuttle, as a national resource, from increasingly diverse cargoes and operations. The control of hazards associated with the deployment of complex payloads and cargoes has involved many international participants. These challenges are examined in some detail along with examples of how crew safety has evolved in the manned space program and how the international partners have addressed various scenarios involving control and mitigation of potential hazards to crew and vehicle safety. PMID:14606499

  18. Isodose curve mappings measured while undergoing rotation for quality assurance testing of a 137Cs irradiator.

    PubMed

    Brady, Samuel L; Yoshizumi, Terry T; Anderson-Evans, Colin; Nguyen, Giao

    2012-02-01

    To enable accurate and reproducible dosimetry for biological sample irradiation in a 137Cs irradiator, routine quality assurance of the dose rate and isodose distributions should be considered. Our previous work demonstrated a means for accurate dose rate quality assurance and for quality assurance of isodose distributions of non-rotational samples. This work presents a means to accurately and cost effectively measure dose distributions within a 137Cs irradiator using rotational geometry, which geometry represent a more typical use of these irradiators. A simple apparatus was developed to hold radiochromic film and was constructed of polymethyl methacrylate. The rotational quality assurance device allowed the comparison of measured radiochromic film vs. manufacturer provided isodose distributions. A good agreement was discovered between the two data sets along the central vertical axis of rotation in the 137Cs irradiator, but a 40-50% smaller 100% isodose region in the horizontal direction. These findings may lead to limiting the overall size of a sample capable of being uniformly irradiated by the 137Cs irradiator at this research institution. The authors propose the construction and use of a simple rotational quality assurance device for routine quality assurance of 137Cs irradiators. PMID:22249472

  19. QUALITY-ASSURING PRICE AND BREACH OF EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D Vandegrift

    2001-01-01

    If consumers cannot discern quality prior to purchase, firms may use both court enforcement and the market mechanism to assure quality. But the level of warranty protection that firms choose to offer depends on the efficiency of the market. As the ability of consumers to communicate information concerning quality among themselves (market efficiency) increases, the level of warranty protection that

  20. WATERSHED MANIPULATION PROJECT QUALITY ASSURANCE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN: FY90-93

    EPA Science Inventory

    The purpose of quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) is to ensure that data from research and monitoring studies are of known and documented quality to satisfy project objectives. A/QC was an integral and important part for all of the U.S.EPA Aquatic Effects Research Program ...

  1. Implications of the South African Constitution on Quality Assurance in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mammen, K. John

    2006-01-01

    The article addresses the concept of quality assurance (QA) and its relation to quality in higher education which itself is a component of total quality management. It then examines the regulatory policies for higher education followed by the meaning of the concept of democracy in the South African Constitution and its impact and implications on…

  2. Quality Assurance in Higher Education in the Russian Federation. Papers on Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kouptsov, O.; Tatur, Y.

    The major aspects of the Russian educational system were examined in terms of quality assurance. No part of the educational system in Russia is small enough to escape some form of assessment, measurement, comparison, audit, or classification as to quality. To describe the quality control system, the book begins with an overview of Russian…

  3. Building High-Performing and Improving Education Systems: Quality Assurance and Accountability. Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slater, Liz

    2013-01-01

    Monitoring, evaluation, and quality assurance in their various forms are seen as being one of the foundation stones of high-quality education systems. De Grauwe, writing about "school supervision" in four African countries in 2001, linked the decline in the quality of basic education to the cut in resources for supervision and support.…

  4. QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL PLAN FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY (NOVEMBER 1988)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper identifies the quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) objectives that must be met to creat a comprehensive and accurate emissions inventory and summarizes the QA/QC plan specifically designed for the 1985 inventory to meet these objectives. The data quality objec...

  5. FIELD AND LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL PROTOCOLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS FOR THE FERNOW EXPERIMENTAL FOREST WATERSHED ACIDIFICATION STUDY

    EPA Science Inventory

    Field and laboratory quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) protocols for a whole-watershed acidification study on the Fernow Experimental Forest are described. rocedures are detailed thoroughly to: (1) allow individuals familiar with QA/QC to judge for themselves the quality ...

  6. Rethinking Quality Assurance: Examining Established Practices, Exploring New Strategies. Selected Presentations at the Annual Accreditation and Quality Assurance Conference. Proceedings (Philadelphia, PA, December 4-5, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Philadelphia, PA.

    This collection contains selected presentations from an annual accreditation and quality assurance conference. The papers are: (1) "Turning around Troubled Institutions" (Matthew Goldstein); (2) "Triadic Hierarchical Planning" (William J. Austin); (3) "Edinboro University's Triangulated Institutional Effectiveness Model" (Michael A. Mogavero and…

  7. 40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

  8. 40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

  9. 40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 true Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

  10. 40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

  11. 40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

  12. Westinghouse Hanford Company quality assurance program and implementation plan

    SciTech Connect

    Moss, S.S., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-01

    This is the first revision of the Quality AssurancePlan/Implementation Plan (QAP/IP) for nuclear facilities managedand operated by the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC).Development of the initial IP required review of the WHC qualityassurance program to the requirements of the 10 CFR 830.120, andcompletion of initial baseline assessments against the QAP toverify implementation of the program. Each WHC-managed nuclearfacility provided a stand-alone section to the QAP/IP, describingits mission and life-cycle status. WHC support organizationsalso performed assessments for their lead areas, and providedinputs to a separate stand-alone section with the initialbaseline assessment results. In this first revision, the initialbaseline matrixes for those facilities found to be in compliancewith the QAP have been removed. Tank Waste Remediation System(TWRS) and K Basins have modified their baseline matrixes to showcompletion of action items to date. With the followingexceptions, the WHC-managed nuclear facilities and their supportorganizations were found to have implemented QA programs thatsatisfy the requirements of 10 CFR 830.120. TWRS identifiedImplementation Plan Action Items having to do with: generationand revision of as-built drawings; updating TWRS organizationaland program documents; tracking the condition/age ofmaterials/equipment; and reconstitution of design bases forexisting, active facilities. No incremental funding needs wereidentified for FY95. For FY97, TWRS identified incrementalfunding in the amount of $65,000 for as-built drawings, and$100,000 for tracking the age/condition of materials/equipment.The K Basin Fuel Storage Facility identified Implementation PlanAction Items having to do with: training; updating procedures;establishing configuration management; reconstituting designbases; and providing darwings; and developing integrated,resource-loaded schedules. Incremental funding needs in theamount of $1.7 million were identified, over a time periodthrough March 1996, to implement the actions. The costs were allassociated with the actions on training ($300K) and configurationmanagement, design bases, and drawings ($1.4M). Schedulardetails and compensatory measures for the action items areprovided in Appendices A and D to this document.

  13. Computational and Physical Quality Assurance Tools for Radiotherapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graves, Yan Jiang

    Radiation therapy aims at delivering a prescribed amount of radiation dose to cancerous targets while sparing dose to normal organs. Treatment planning and delivery in modern radiotherapy are highly complex. To ensure the accuracy of the delivered dose to a patient, a quality assurance (QA) procedure is needed before the actual treatment delivery. This dissertation aims at developing computational and physical tools to facilitate the QA process. In Chapter 2, we have developed a fast and accurate computational QA tool using a graphics processing unit based Monte Carlo (MC) dose engine. This QA tool aims at identifying any errors in the treatment planning stage and machine delivery process by comparing three dose distributions: planned dose computed by a treatment planning system, planned dose and delivered dose reconstructed using the MC method. Within this tool, several modules have been built. (1) A denoising algorithm to smooth the MC calculated dose. We have also investigated the effects of statistical uncertainty in MC simulations on a commonly used dose comparison metric. (2) A linear accelerator source model with a semi-automatic commissioning process. (3) A fluence generation module. With all these modules, a web application for this QA tool with a user friendly interface has been developed to provide users with easy access to our tool, facilitating its clinical utilizations. Even after an initial treatment plan fulfills the QA requirements, a patient may experience inter-fractional anatomy variations, which compromise the initial plan optimality. To resolve this issue, adaptive radiotherapy (ART) has been proposed, where treatment plan is redesigned based on most recent patient anatomy. In Chapter 3, we have constructed a physical deformable head and neck (HN) phantom with in-vivo dosimetry capability. This phantom resembles HN patient geometry and simulates tumor shrinkage with a high level of realism. The ground truth deformation field can be measured from built-in surface markers, which is then used to verify the accuracy of an important ART step of deformable image registration. Our experiments also demonstrate the feasibility of using this phantom as an end-to-end ART QA phantom with an emphasis on testing the dose deliver accuracy.

  14. Quality assurance through direct implementation of analysis and design constructs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard E. Smith

    1991-01-01

    A measurably good design does not guarantee a correspondingly good implementation. When an implementer translates a software design into the implementation language. We weaken the correspondence between the measured capabilities of the design and the implementation. This can lead to a failure to achieve goals that the design originally assured. We can avoid such failures if we transform the exad

  15. Standard procedures and quality-control practices for the U.S. Geological Survey National Field Quality Assurance Program from 1982 through 1993

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stanley, D.L.

    1995-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey operates the National Field Quality Assurance Program to provide quality- assurance reference samples to field personnel who make water-quality field measurements. The program monitors the accuracy and precision of pH, specific conductance, and alkalinity field measurements. This report documents the operational procedures and quality-control techniques used in operating the quality-assurance program.

  16. ,,Quality assurance at the University of Oldenburg" Project management

    E-print Network

    Damm, Werner

    for the collection of quality protection systems · Example of a quality system · Data entry form #12;Data base for the collection of the quality protection systems #12;Data base for the collection of the quality protection systems #12;Data base for the collection of the quality protection systems #12;Data base

  17. Quality control and quality assurance plan for bridge channel-stability assessments in Massachusetts

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Parker, Gene W.; Pinson, Harlow

    1993-01-01

    A quality control and quality assurance plan has been implemented as part of the Massachusetts bridge scour and channel-stability assessment program. This program is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, Massachusetts-Rhode Island District, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Highway Department. Project personnel training, data-integrity verification, and new data-management technologies are being utilized in the channel-stability assessment process to improve current data-collection and management techniques. An automated data-collection procedure has been implemented to standardize channel-stability assessments on a regular basis within the State. An object-oriented data structure and new image management tools are used to produce a data base enabling management of multiple data object classes. Data will be reviewed by assessors and data base managers before being merged into a master bridge-scour data base, which includes automated data-verification routines.

  18. The simcyp population based simulator: architecture, implementation, and quality assurance.

    PubMed

    Jamei, Masoud; Marciniak, Steve; Edwards, Duncan; Wragg, Kris; Feng, Kairui; Barnett, Adrian; Rostami-Hodjegan, Amin

    2013-01-01

    Developing a user-friendly platform that can handle a vast number of complex physiologically based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PBPK/PD) models both for conventional small molecules and larger biologic drugs is a substantial challenge. Over the last decade the Simcyp Population Based Simulator has gained popularity in major pharmaceutical companies (70% of top 40 - in term of R&D spending). Under the Simcyp Consortium guidance, it has evolved from a simple drug-drug interaction tool to a sophisticated and comprehensive Model Based Drug Development (MBDD) platform that covers a broad range of applications spanning from early drug discovery to late drug development. This article provides an update on the latest architectural and implementation developments within the Simulator. Interconnection between peripheral modules, the dynamic model building process and compound and population data handling are all described. The Simcyp Data Management (SDM) system, which contains the system and drug databases, can help with implementing quality standards by seamless integration and tracking of any changes. This also helps with internal approval procedures, validation and auto-testing of the new implemented models and algorithms, an area of high interest to regulatory bodies. PMID:25505654

  19. Quality control and quality assurance in genotypic data for genome-wide association studies

    PubMed Central

    Laurie, Cathy C.; Doheny, Kimberly F.; Mirel, Daniel B.; Pugh, Elizabeth W.; Bierut, Laura J.; Bhangale, Tushar; Boehm, Frederick; Caporaso, Neil E.; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Edenberg, Howard J.; Gabriel, Stacy B.; Harris, Emily L.; Hu, Frank B.; Jacobs, Kevin; Kraft, Peter; Landi, Maria Teresa; Lumley, Thomas; Manolio, Teri A.; McHugh, Caitlin; Painter, Ian; Paschall, Justin; Rice, John P.; Rice, Kenneth M.; Zheng, Xiuwen; Weir, Bruce S.

    2011-01-01

    Genome-wide scans of nucleotide variation in human subjects are providing an increasing number of replicated associations with complex disease traits. Most of the variants detected have small effects and, collectively, they account for a small fraction of the total genetic variance. Very large sample sizes are required to identify and validate findings. In this situation, even small sources of systematic or random error can cause spurious results or obscure real effects. The need for careful attention to data quality has been appreciated for some time in this field, and a number of strategies for quality control and quality assurance (QC/QA) have been developed. Here we extend these methods and describe a system of QC/QA for genotypic data in genome-wide association studies. This system includes some new approaches that (1) combine analysis of allelic probe intensities and called genotypes to distinguish gender misidentification from sex chromosome aberrations, (2) detect autosomal chromosome aberrations that may affect genotype calling accuracy, (3) infer DNA sample quality from relatedness and allelic intensities, (4) use duplicate concordance to infer SNP quality, (5) detect genotyping artifacts from dependence of Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) test p-values on allelic frequency, and (6) demonstrate sensitivity of principal components analysis (PCA) to SNP selection. The methods are illustrated with examples from the ‘Gene Environment Association Studies’ (GENEVA) program. The results suggest several recommendations for QC/QA in the design and execution of genome-wide association studies. PMID:20718045

  20. AAPM Task Group 128: Quality assurance tests for prostate brachytherapy ultrasound systems

    SciTech Connect

    Pfeiffer, Douglas; Sutlief, Steven; Feng Wenzheng; Pierce, Heather M.; Kofler, Jim [Imaging Department, Boulder Community Foothills Hospital, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States); Radiation Therapy, VA Medical Center, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washingon 98108 (United States); Cardiology and Interventional Radiology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan 48073 (United States); CIRS, Inc., Norfolk, Virginia 23513 (United States); Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905 (United States)

    2008-12-15

    While ultrasound guided prostate brachytherapy has gained wide acceptance as a primary treatment tool for prostate cancer, quality assurance of the ultrasound guidance system has received very little attention. Task Group 128 of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine was created to address quality assurance requirements specific to transrectal ultrasound used for guidance of prostate brachytherapy. Accurate imaging guidance and dosimetry calculation depend upon the quality and accuracy of the ultrasound image. Therefore, a robust quality assurance program for the ultrasound system is essential. A brief review of prostate brachytherapy and ultrasound physics is provided, followed by a recommendation for elements to be included in a comprehensive test phantom. Specific test recommendations are presented, covering grayscale visibility, depth of penetration, axial and lateral resolution, distance measurement, area measurement, volume measurement, needle template/electronic grid alignment, and geometric consistency with the treatment planning computer.

  1. Quality Assurance Program Plan for AGR Fuel Development and Qualification Program

    SciTech Connect

    W. Ken Sowder

    2004-02-01

    Quality Assurance Plan (QPP) is to document the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Management and Operating (M&O) Contractor’s quality assurance program for AGR Fuel Development and Qualification activities, which is under the control of the INEEL. The QPP is an integral part of the Gen IV Program Execution Plan (PEP) and establishes the set of management controls for those systems, structures and components (SSCs) and related quality affecting activities, necessary to provide adequate confidence that items will perform satisfactorily in service.

  2. Quality Interaction Between Mission Assurance and Project Team Members

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kwong-Fu, Helenann H.; Wilson, Robert K.

    2006-01-01

    Mission Assurance independent assessments started during the development cycle and continued through post launch operations. In operations, Health and Safety of the Observatory is of utmost importance. Therefore, Mission Assurance must ensure requirements compliance and focus on process improvements required across the operational systems including new/modified products, tools, and procedures. The deployment of the interactive model involves three objectives: Team member Interaction, Good Root Cause Analysis Practices, and Risk Assessment to avoid reoccurrences. In applying this model, we use a metric based measurement process and was found to have the most significant effect, which points to the importance of focuses on a combination of root cause analysis and risk approaches allowing the engineers the ability to prioritize and quantify their corrective actions based on a well-defined set of root cause definitions (i.e. closure criteria for problem reports), success criteria and risk rating definitions.

  3. Service Quality Assurance 08/08/08 INMGT 220 001

    E-print Network

    Wu, Mingshen

    . Course Objectives An introduction to quality, quality systems, and quality management through a survey) in Technology Management from Indiana State Univ., specialization in manufacturing systems [planning to receive · Statistical Process Control (partial) Textbook The Management and Control of Quality by Evans and Lindsay 6th

  4. Problems of Accreditation and Quality Assurance of Engineering Education in Developing Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bordia, Surek

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the relationship between funding, management, and quality assurance in engineering education in developing countries. Presents a few case studies on problems of accreditation and quality assessment in larger developing countries such as India and the Philippines, and also in very small developing countries such as Papua New Guinea, Fiji,…

  5. University of Toronto Quality Assurance Process (UTQAP) Revised version approved by the

    E-print Network

    Wells, Mathew G. - Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto

    University of Toronto Quality Assurance Process (UTQAP) Revised version approved by the Ontario was approved by the Governing Council of the University of Toronto on June 24, 2010. The UTQAP was brought. It was approved by the Quality Council on September 21, 2012. The University of Toronto's responsibilities

  6. Monica Orians, BS, MT(ASCP), CCRC Quality Assurance Manager, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center

    E-print Network

    Eustice, Ryan

    of positions within the device development industry, from sales and service, product management, clinicalMonica Orians, BS, MT(ASCP), CCRC Quality Assurance Manager, University of Michigan Comprehensive (734) 6150558 morians@umich.edu PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Monica has been manager of quality

  7. Accreditation and Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Papers on Higher Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sterian, Paul Enache

    This paper offers a broad look at accreditation and quality assurance in higher education and how these issues are addressed around the world. Section 1 is an overview of accreditation and addresses the aims and objectives of accreditation, standards, accreditation bodies, stages of the accreditation process, the quality of that process, the role…

  8. Quality Assurance Program for Solar Thermal Test Facility (STTF) heliostat production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. P. Freeman; J. T. Hillman

    1978-01-01

    The Quality Assurance (QA) Program followed during heliostat production for the Solar Thermal Test Facility is described. Problems encountered as well as the corrective action taken are discussed. Brief descriptions of the validation of processes, the Martin-Marietta Quality Control Inspections, and the data package and computer storage of Record of Assembly data are included. The experience gained is typical of

  9. E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Process-Oriented Lifecycle Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdous, M'hammed

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a process-oriented lifecycle model for ensuring quality in e-learning development and delivery. As a dynamic and iterative process, quality assurance (QA) is intertwined with the e-learning development process. Design/methodology/approach: After reviewing the existing literature, particularly…

  10. Towards Establishing an Integrated System of Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education Libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karin de Jager

    2007-01-01

    Recent demands for evidence of quality and the impact of library services on teaching and research require libraries to demonstrate accountability and responsiveness to a divergent range of user needs. In 2004 the Committee for Higher Education Librarians in South Africa (CHELSA) recognized a need for an agreed set of criteria, standards and models for quality assurance and the critical

  11. Quality Assurance as a Policy Instrument: What's Ahead?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Khawas, Elaine

    2013-01-01

    This article considers the overall success of the quality movement in the context of questions about the political status and role of quality assurance agencies. These agencies have gained a significant degree of legitimacy and respect among major stakeholders but the political reality is that their long-term sustainability depends on whether…

  12. Using TQM and ISO 9000 Principles in Assuring Education Service Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabashkin, Igor; Michnev, Boris; Utchin, Georgy

    1998-01-01

    Describes Riga Aviation University's movement from a controlled professional-education program to a system of contract relations with students as education service customers. Discusses a study of students' demands, requirements, and issues and the development of a quality assurance system based on Total Quality Management and ISO 9000 standards.…

  13. Up-Stream Dissolved Oxygen TMDL Project Quality Assurance ProjectPlan

    SciTech Connect

    Stringfellow, William T.

    2005-05-13

    A quality assurance project plan (QAPP) for the execution of an ecosystem level monitoring and research program examining algal ecology in highly impaired rivers. Procedures for executing both field and laboratory surface water quality and flow analysis are described. The procedures described here are compatible with the California Surface Water Ambient Monitoring program (SWAMP).

  14. A Case Study in Integrated Quality Assurance for Performance Management Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liam Peyton; Bo Zhan; Bernard Stepien

    2008-01-01

    On-line enterprise applications that are used by t housands of geo- graphically dispersed users present special challen ges for quality assurance. A case study of a hospital performance management system is used to investigate the specific issues of architectural complexity, dy namic change, and access to sensitive data in test environments. A quality assu rance framework is proposed that integrates

  15. A Conceptual Framework for the Quality Assurance of Programme Design at the Durban University of Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sattar, K.; Cooke, L. A.

    2012-01-01

    At the end of 2010 the Durban University of Technology initiated a Curriculum Renewal Project, central to which is the aspiration to become a student centred university through the transformation of teaching and learning and the promotion of quality enhancement. However, the current realities for curriculum development and quality assurance at the…

  16. Quality assurance plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project

    SciTech Connect

    Stewart, K.A.; Rasch, K.A.; Reid, R.W.

    1996-11-01

    This document establishes the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the National Guard Bureau Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project activities under the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) management. It defines the requirements and assigns responsibilities for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that project objectives will be achieved as planned. The QAP outlined herein is responsive to and meets the Quality Assurance Program standards for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation and ORNL and the ORNL Computing, Robotics, and Education Directorate (CRE). This document is intended to be in compliance with DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance Program, and the ORNL Standard Practice Procedure, SPP X-QA-8, Quality Assurance for ORNL Computing Software. This standard allows individual organizations to apply the stated requirements in a flexible manner suitable to the type of activity involved. Section I of this document provides an introduction to the OSCAR project QAP; Sections 2 and 3 describe the specific aspects of quality assurance as applicable to the OSCAR project. Section 4 describes the project approach to risk management. The Risk Management Matrix given in Appendix A is a tool to assess, prioritize, and prevent problems before they occur. Therefore, the matrix will be reviewed and revised on a periodic basis.

  17. Joint Quality Management and Quality Assurance Project Plan Drum Sampler Demonstration of PM Mass and XRF Elements

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Joint Quality Management and Quality Assurance Project Plan Drum Sampler Demonstration of PM Mass are prohibitive. A new technique, developed at the University of California, Davis, CA, called the Drum Sampler in three using the current system. The Drum Sampler provides information on PM10-2.5 and ultrafine PM

  18. Nuclear Technology Series. Nuclear Quality-Assurance and Quality-Control Technician. A Suggested Program Planning Guide. Revised June 80.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

    This program planning guide for a two-year postsecondary nuclear quality-assurance and quality-control technician program is designed for use with courses 26-32 of thirty-five in the Nuclear Technology Series. The purpose of the guide is to describe the nuclear power field and its job categories for specialists, technicians and operators; and to…

  19. Sandia National Laboratories, California Quality Assurance Project Plan for Environmental Monitoring Program.

    SciTech Connect

    Holland, Robert C.

    2005-09-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) applies to the Environmental Monitoring Program at the Sandia National Laboratories/California. This QAPP follows DOE Quality Assurance Management System Guide for Use with 10 CFR 830 Subpart A, Quality Assurance Requirements, and DOE O 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE G 414.1-2A June 17, 2005). The Environmental Monitoring Program is located within the Environmental Operations Department. The Environmental Operations Department is responsible for ensuring that SNL/CA operations have minimal impact on the environment. The Department provides guidance to line organizations to help them comply with applicable environmental regulations and DOE orders. To fulfill its mission, the department has groups responsible for waste management; pollution prevention, air quality; environmental planning; hazardous materials management; and environmental monitoring. The Environmental Monitoring Program is responsible for ensuring that SNL/CA complies with all Federal, State, and local regulations and with DOE orders regarding the quality of wastewater and stormwater discharges. The Program monitors these discharges both visually and through effluent sampling. The Program ensures that activities at the SNL/CA site do not negatively impact the quality of surface waters in the vicinity, or those of the San Francisco Bay. The Program verifies that wastewater and stormwater discharges are in compliance with established standards and requirements. The Program is also responsible for compliance with groundwater monitoring, and underground and above ground storage tanks regulatory compliance. The Program prepares numerous reports, plans, permit applications, and other documents that demonstrate compliance.

  20. Analytical Chemistry Laboratory Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Transuranic Waste Characterization Program

    SciTech Connect

    Sailer, S.J.

    1996-08-01

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPJP) specifies the quality of data necessary and the characterization techniques employed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to meet the objectives of the Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) requirements. This QAPJP is written to conform with the requirements and guidelines specified in the QAPP and the associated documents referenced in the QAPP. This QAPJP is one of a set of five interrelated QAPjPs that describe the INEL Transuranic Waste Characterization Program (TWCP). Each of the five facilities participating in the TWCP has a QAPJP that describes the activities applicable to that particular facility. This QAPJP describes the roles and responsibilities of the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) in the TWCP. Data quality objectives and quality assurance objectives are explained. Sample analysis procedures and associated quality assurance measures are also addressed; these include: sample chain of custody; data validation; usability and reporting; documentation and records; audits and 0385 assessments; laboratory QC samples; and instrument testing, inspection, maintenance and calibration. Finally, administrative quality control measures, such as document control, control of nonconformances, variances and QA status reporting are described.