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1

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic medical conditions (such as blood-sugar sensors for diabetics), people seeking to change unhealthy behavior (such as losing weight or quitting smoking), or athletes wishing to monitor their condition and performance. To be effective, however, these systems must provide assurances about the quality of the sensor data. The sensors must be applied to the patient by a human, and the sensor data may be transported across multiple networks and devices before it is presented to the medical team. While no system can guarantee data quality, we anticipate that it will help for the system to annotate data with some measure of confidence. In this paper, we take a deeper look at potential health-monitoring usage scenarios and highlight research challenges required to ensure and assess quality of sensor data in health-monitoring systems.

Sriram, Janani; Shin, Minho; Kotz, David; Rajan, Anand; Sastry, Manoj; Yarvis, Mark

2

Multinational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multinational colleges and universities pose numerous challenges to the traditional models of quality assurance that are designed to validate domestic higher education. When institutions cross international borders, at least two quality assurance protocols are involved. To guard against fraud and abuse, quality assurance in the host country is…

Kinser, Kevin

2011-01-01

3

Assuring quality.  

PubMed

All those involved in education have a strong motivation to ensure that all its aspects, including content and teaching practice, are of the highest standard. This paper describes how agencies such as the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA) and the General Dental Council (GDC) have established frameworks and specifications to monitor the quality of education provided in dental schools and other institutes that provide education and training for dentists and dental care professionals (DCPs). It then considers quality issues in programme and course development, techniques for assessing the quality of education, including content and presentation, and the role of students. It goes on to review the work that has been done in developing quality assessment for distance learning in dentistry. It concludes that, to date, much of the work on quality applies to education as a whole and that the assessment of the quality of e-learning in dentistry is in its infancy. PMID:18690192

Eaton, K A; Reynolds, P A; Mason, R; Cardell, R

2008-08-01

4

THE CHALLENGE OF QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR EMISSION FLUX MEASUREMENTS OF LARGE AREA SOURCES BY OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper examines the quality assurance challenges associated with open path Fourier transform infrared (OPFTIR) measurements of large area pollution sources with plume reconstruction by computed tomography (CT) and how each challenge may be met. Traditionally, pollutant concent...

5

Comprehensive Genomic Studies: Emerging Regulatory, Strategic, and Quality Assurance Challenges for Biorepositories  

PubMed Central

As part of the molecular revolution sweeping medicine, comprehensive genomic studies are adding powerful dimensions to medical research. However, their power exposes new regulatory, strategic, and quality assurance challenges for biorepositories. A key issue is that unlike other research techniques commonly applied to banked specimens, nucleic acid sequencing, if sufficiently extensive, yields data that could identify a patient. This evolving paradigm renders the concepts of anonymized and anonymous specimens increasingly outdated. The challenges for biorepositories in this new era include refined consent processes and wording, selection and use of legacy specimens, quality assurance procedures, institutional documentation, data sharing, and interaction with institutional review boards. Given current trends, biorepositories should consider these issues now, even if they are not currently experiencing sample requests for genomic analysis. We summarize our current experiences and best practices at Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, our perceptions of emerging trends, and recommendations.

McDonald, Sandra A.; Mardis, Elaine R.; Ota, David; Watson, Mark A.; Pfeifer, John D.; Green, Jonathan M.

2012-01-01

6

Internal Quality Assurance--Facing Common Challenges. ENQA Workshop Report 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual meeting of the ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) IQA (internal quality assurance) Group gathered some 60 participants in the premises of the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders (NVAO) in The Hague in June 2009. This seminar was a successful follow-up to the first ENQA IQA…

Blackstock, Douglas; Harvey, Lee; Szanto, Tibor; Pyykko, Riitta; Aelterman, Guy; Lopez-Benitez, Mariano; Vera-Toscano, Esperanza; Fereres, Elias; Cassagne, Claude; Dhainaut, Jean-Francois; Lykova, Viktoriya; Babyn, Ivan

2010-01-01

7

The 300 Area Integrated Field Research Challenge Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a group of expert collaborators are using the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site 300 Area uranium plume within the footprint of the 300-FF-5 groundwater operable unit as a site for an Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC). The IFRC is entitled Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on the Hanford Site 300 Area Uranium Plume Project. The theme is investigation of multi-scale mass transfer processes. A series of forefront science questions on mass transfer are posed for research that relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements/approaches needed to characterize and model a mass transfer-dominated system. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the 300 Area IFRC Project. This plan is designed to be used exclusively by project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2009-04-29

8

QUALITY ASSURANCE UPDATE  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of the air pollution quality assurance program as implemented by EMSL/RTP is presented. The discussion includes method standardization operations for both ambient air and stationary source measurements, the quality assurance audit program, the ambient air equivalency ...

9

Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan documents the quality assurance activities for the Wastewater/Stormwater/Groundwater and Environmental Surveillance Programs. This QAPP was prepared in accordance with DOE guidance on compliance with 10CFR830.120.

Holland, R. C.

1998-06-01

10

Quality Assurance [for Persons with Developmental Disabilities].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter feature issue focuses on quality assurance and innovative efforts to enhance service quality for persons with developmental disabilities. Individual articles include: "Redesigning Quality Assurance" (Clarence J. Sundram); "Quality Assurance, Quality Enhancement" (Charlie Lakin et al.); "Challenging Tradition: Measuring Quality by…

Lakin, Charlie, Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

11

Quality Assurance, Chapter 4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality assurance is often used to refer to all of the processes a laboratory takes to ensure quality in test results. However, assurance is more properly defined as a pledge, or guaranty, a self-confidence. Thus, using this definition quality assurance i...

M. D. Kellogg

2002-01-01

12

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

13

Implementing Quality Assurance at Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Perceptions, Practices and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality Assurance in higher education has been an ongoing international issue for discussion. As higher education institutions move toward an era of accountability and accreditation, groups of stakeholders require proof of high-quality academic programs and services from higher education providers. Since the mid-1990s, most providers have strived…

Ros, Soveacha

2010-01-01

14

Quality assurance of radiation therapy planning systems: current status and remaining challenges.  

PubMed

Computerized radiation therapy planning systems (RTPSs) are pivotal for treatment planning. The acceptance, commissioning, and quality control of RTPSs are uniquely complex and are described in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group Report 53 (1998) and International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Report Series No. 430 (2004). The International Atomic Energy Agency also developed a document and data package for use by vendors and purchasers to aid with acceptance testing of RTPSs. This document is based on International Electrotechnical Commission standard 62083 (2000) and describes both "type" tests to be performed in the factory and "site" tests to be performed in the clinic. The American Association of Physicists Task Group Report 67 described benchmark tests for the validation of dose calculation algorithms. Test data are being produced with the backing of the U.S. National Cancer Institute. However, significant challenges remain. Technology keeps evolving rapidly, thus requiring new quality assurance (QA) procedures. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy with its use of inverse optimization has added a new dimension to QA, because the results are not intuitively obvious. New technologies such as real-time ultrasound guidance for brachytherapy, TomoTherapy, and Cyberknife, require their own specialized RTPSs with unique QA requirements. On-line imaging allows for the generation of dose reconstructions using image warping techniques to determine the daily dose delivered to the patient. With increasing computer speeds, real-time reoptimization of treatment plans will become a reality. Gating technologies will require four-dimensional dose calculations to determine the actual dose delivered to tissue voxels. With these rapidly changing technologies, it is essential that a strong QA culture is invoked in every institution implementing these procedures and that new protocols are developed as a part of the clinical implementation process. PMID:18406932

Van Dyk, Jacob

2008-01-01

15

Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A common feature of the Radiotherapy Centres where there have been major accidents involving incorrect radiotherapy treatment is that they did not operate good Quality Assurance systems. A Quality Assurance system is sometimes called a Quality Management system, and it is designed to give assurance that quality standards are being met. One of the "spin offs" from operating a Quality Management system is that it reduces the likelihood of a radiotherapy accident. A detailed account of how to set up a quality system in radiotherapy has been given in an ESTRO booklet.2

Mckenzie, Alan

16

Software quality assurance handbook  

SciTech Connect

There are two important reasons for Software Quality Assurance (SQA) at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD): First, the benefits from SQA make good business sense. Second, the Department of Energy has requested SQA. This handbook is one of the first steps in a plant-wide implementation of Software Quality Assurance at KCD. The handbook has two main purposes. The first is to provide information that you will need to perform software quality assurance activities. The second is to provide a common thread to unify the approach to SQA at KCD. 2 figs.

Not Available

1990-09-01

17

Quality Assurance schemes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the consumer's changing definition of quality in relation to meat and the current development of Quality Assurance (QA) schemes to ensure that certain quality standards are met. The key ingredients of QA schemes are food safety, animal welfare and sensory aspects (meat quality) although the latter is not a major feature of many schemes at present. For

J. D. Wood; J. S. Holder; D. C. J. Main

1998-01-01

18

Quality assurance in Zambia.  

PubMed

Primary health care reforms in Zambia have focused on the themes of effective leadership, community involvement, and improved service quality. To achieve these goals, the Ministry of Health's structure has been decentralized and a Health Reforms Implementation Team (including a Quality Assurance Unit) has been established. This unit collaborates with government and private sector organizations and professional groups in areas such as strategic planning, problem solving, facility assessment, standards setting, and indicator development. Each province has two linkage facilitators who provide district-level training and support to quality assurance coaches. As part of this process, staff at Nanga Rural Health Center in Mazabuka District selected patient privacy as a priority quality assurance issue and established an enclosed area for patient interviews. This measure facilitated increased patient disclosure about and comfort with discussing sensitive medical issues such as family planning and sexually transmitted diseases. Next, the health center staff examined the problem of pharmaceutical shortages, and user fees were identified as a means of purchasing commonly unavailable drugs. At the Magoye Rural Health Center, quality assurance assessment led to the consolidation of services such as infant weighing and immunization at the same location, thereby significantly increasing service utilization. PMID:12347471

Reinke, J; Tembo, J; Limbambala, M F; Chikuta, S; Zaenger, D

1996-01-01

19

Knowledge Based Quality Assurance Tools.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A long range approach for integrating software quality information with knowledge based engineering technology was developed. A Software Quality Assurance Expert System framework was proposed to plan software quality assurance activities, evaluate systems...

G. L. Huang J. Lee S. S. Yau Y. W. Wang

1990-01-01

20

Quality Assurance for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

2010-01-01

21

Forensic Data Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accurate metadata are essential for the scientifically meaningful interpretation of data products. Yet metadata from legacy NOAO data-taking systems are often incomplete and sometimes inaccurate. A new Data Quality Assurance (DQA) system for NOAO is proposed to ensure the best possible data and metadata accuracy, integrity, and integrability with the Virtual Observatory.

Shaw, R. A.; Seaman, R. L.; Lowry, S.; Lanning, H. H.

2009-09-01

22

Software Quality Assurance Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is a planned and systematic set of activities that ensures conformance of software life cycle processes and products conform to requirements, standards and procedures. In software development, software quality means meeting requirements and a degree of excellence and refinement of a project or product. Software Quality is a set of attributes of a software product by which its quality is described and evaluated. The set of attributes includes functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. Software Metrics help us understand the technical process that is used to develop a product. The process is measured to improve it and the product is measured to increase quality throughout the life cycle of software. Software Metrics are measurements of the quality of software. Software is measured to indicate the quality of the product, to assess the productivity of the people who produce the product, to assess the benefits derived from new software engineering methods and tools, to form a baseline for estimation, and to help justify requests for new tools or additional training. Any part of the software development can be measured. If Software Metrics are implemented in software development, it can save time, money, and allow the organization to identify the caused of defects which have the greatest effect on software development. The summer of 2004, I worked with Cynthia Calhoun and Frank Robinson in the Software Assurance/Risk Management department. My task was to research and collect, compile, and analyze SQA Metrics that have been used in other projects that are not currently being used by the SA team and report them to the Software Assurance team to see if any metrics can be implemented in their software assurance life cycle process.

McRae, Kalindra A.

2004-01-01

23

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) identifies the Westinghouse Hanford Co. (WHC) Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, construction, testing and inspection of the 200 ...

K. S. Pedersen

1995-01-01

24

The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

1993-03-01

25

Quality Assurance in Secondary Education Program of Bangladesh Open University: Present Status and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present day in national and international perspectives, quality is the top of most agendas. Quality of education has significant impact and invaluable contribution to the area of development. Recently, the SSC & HSC program of BOU [Open School of Bangladesh Open University] have earned recognition of equivalency with the formal education…

Akhter, Zobaida

2008-01-01

26

Secondary School Headteachers' Quality Assurance Strategies and Challenges in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The desire to provide quality education for all Kenyan children was one of the major objectives of the struggle for independence. The government is currently implementing measures to improve the quality of education in secondary schools. The Kenya Education Staff Institute is strengthening capacities of education managers and reviewing staffing…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, A. Benjamin; Oburu, Paul Odhiambo

2010-01-01

27

Quality Assurance: Organizational, Catalytic, Technical.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In a normal quality system, two distinct levels of quality assurance (QA) requirements are addressed: the organizational (or institutional) level and the technical (or project) level. Dynamic quality systems, on the other hand, not only include the normal...

G. F. Simes

1995-01-01

28

Assuring quality and access in advanced practice nursing: A challenge to nurse educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an environment characterized by a projected oversupply of primary care providers and a public seeking higher quality, cost-effective care, advanced practice nurses will be measured not only by their comparative value in delivering conventional primary care, but also by the uniqueness of their contributions to health outcomes. These value-added skills, distinctive to nursing practice at all levels, include health

Mary O. Mundinger; Sarah Sheets Cook; Elizabeth R. Lenz; Karen Piacentini; Carolyn Auerhahn; Jennifer Smith

2000-01-01

29

A Quality Assurance Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

California Air Resources Board (CARB) staff developed a phased integrated approach to implement the Standing Air Monitoring Work Group’s (SAMWG) quality assurance requirements. This approach separates quality assurance requirements into a single project with a management plan and manager, and assigns each requirement to one of three key task areas—standardized methods and procedures measurement standards and tests, and audits. Tasks

Frank W. Chester

1979-01-01

30

Four Points on Quality Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the paper is to give arguments for introducing outcome-oriented, quality-assurance procedures into our health care systems. The paper addresses the following four points related to quality assurance: (1) Where the health care system is head...

W. McClure

1973-01-01

31

Evaluation Research and Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Juvenile Justice Educational Enhancement Program's implementation of an evaluation research-driven quality assurance process for Florida's juvenile justice educational programs. Reviews the literature on juvenile justice educational practices and describes the educational quality assurance standards and annual modifications that draw…

Pesta, George; Respress, Trinetia; Major, Aline K.; Arazan, Christine; Coxe, Terry

2002-01-01

32

Quality Assurance Practices and Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The program used by the Central Regional Laboratory (CRL), Region V, EPA to control data quality is described. It includes management responsibilities, analytical methods used, quality assurance audits for each method and control limits for each audit. Re...

B. Fairless

1977-01-01

33

Modernization of software quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The customers satisfaction depends not only on functional performance, it also depends on the quality characteristics of the software products. An examination of this quality aspect of software products will provide a clear, well defined framework for quality assurance functions, which improve the life-cycle activities of software development. Software developers must be aware of the following aspects which have been expressed by many quality experts: quality cannot be added on; the level of quality built into a program is a function of the quality attributes employed during the development process; and finally, quality must be managed. These concepts have guided our development of the following definition for a Software Quality Assurance function: Software Quality Assurance is a formal, planned approach of actions designed to evaluate the degree of an identifiable set of quality attributes present in all software systems and their products. This paper is an explanation of how this definition was developed and how it is used.

Bhaumik, Gokul

1988-01-01

34

Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebooks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes that are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, NASA-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the NASA concepts and practices in software assurance. Second level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the second level Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebook that describes software quality assurance audits in a way that is compatible with practices at NASA Centers.

1990-01-01

35

Linear Accelerator and Gamma Knife-Based Stereotactic Cranial Radiosurgery: Challenges and Successes of Existing Quality Assurance Guidelines and Paradigms  

SciTech Connect

Intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery has been practiced since 1951. The technique has expanded from a single dedicated unit in Stockholm in 1968 to hundreds of centers performing an estimated 100,000 Gamma Knife and linear accelerator cases in 2005. The radiation dosimetry of small photon fields used in this technique has been well explored in the past 15 years. Quality assurance recommendations have been promulgated in refereed reports and by several national and international professional societies since 1991. The field has survived several reported treatment errors and incidents, generally reacting by strengthening standards and precautions. An increasing number of computer-controlled and robotic-dedicated treatment units are expanding the field and putting patients at risk of unforeseen errors. Revisions and updates to previously published quality assurance documents, and especially to radiation dosimetry protocols, are now needed to ensure continued successful procedures that minimize the risk of serious errors.

Goetsch, Steven J. [San Diego Gamma Knife Center, Grossmont Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA (United States); Department of Medical Physics, San Diego State University, La Jolla, CA (United States)], E-mail: stevegoetsch@sdgkc.com

2008-05-01

36

Quality assurance program plan fuel supply shutdown.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quality Assurance Program plan (QAPP) describes how the Fuel Supply Shutdown (FSS) project organization implements the quality assurance requirements of HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and the B and W Hanford ...

I. L. Metcalf

1998-01-01

37

Quality assurance program for decommissioning  

SciTech Connect

Defining the quality assurance program for the US Dept. of Energy Shippingport Station Decommissioning Project (SSDP) was a unique opportunity because this is the first full-sized commercial nuclear power plant to be decommissioned. General Electric Co. defined a quality assurance program that provided adequate control, yet was stripped down to the essentials. The program is designed to provide a flexible degree of monitoring of subcontractor work, built around a core of radiation safety monitoring, detailed planning, inspection, and auditing, and operated with a minimum of dedicated personnel. This paper concentrates on the traditional quality assurance activities.

Briggs, P.M.

1987-01-01

38

Radiation shielding quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the radiation shielding quality assurance, the validity and reliability of the neutron transport code MCNP, which is now one of the most widely used radiation shielding analysis codes, were checked with lot of benchmark experiments. And also as a practical example, follows were performed in this thesis. One integral neutron transport experiment to measure the effect of neutron streaming in iron and void was performed with Dog-Legged Void Assembly in Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory in 1991. Neutron flux was measured six different places with the methane detectors and a BF-3 detector. The main purpose of the measurements was to provide benchmark against which various neutron transport calculation tools could be compared. Those data were used in verification of Monte Carlo Neutron & Photon Transport Code, MCNP, with the modeling for that. Experimental results and calculation results were compared in both ways, as the total integrated value of neutron fluxes along neutron energy range from 10 KeV to 2 MeV and as the neutron spectrum along with neutron energy range. Both results are well matched with the statistical error +/-20%. MCNP results were also compared with those of TORT, a three dimensional discrete ordinates code which was developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. MCNP results are superior to the TORT results at all detector places except one. This means that MCNP is proved as a very powerful tool for the analysis of neutron transport through iron & air and further it could be used as a powerful tool for the radiation shielding analysis. For one application of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to neutron and gamma transport problems, uncertainties for the calculated values of critical K were evaluated as in the ANOVA on statistical data.

Um, Dallsun

39

Quality Assurance Requirements and Description  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) is the principal Quality Assurance (QA) document for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program (Program). It establishes the minimum requirements for the QA program [INTRODUCTION :1p2s (NOT A REQUIREMENT)]. The QARD contains regulatory requirements and program commitments necessary for the development of an effective QA program [INTRODUCTION :1p3s (NOT A REQUIREMENT)]. Implementing documents

Ram Murthy

2002-01-01

40

QUALITY ASSURANCE: ORGANIZATION, CATALYTIC, TECHNICAL  

EPA Science Inventory

In a normal quality system, two distinct levels of quality assurance (QA) requirements are addressed: the organizational (or institutional) level and the technical (or project) level. ynamic quality systems, on the other hand, not only include the normal components but also integ...

41

Quality Assurance in the Presence of Variability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software Product Line Engineering (SPLE) is a reuse-driven development paradigm that has been applied successfully in information system engineering and other domains. Quality assurance of the reusable artifacts of the product line (e.g. requirements, design, and code artifacts) is essential for successful product line engineering. As those artifacts are reused in several products, a defect in a reusable artifact can affect several products of the product line. A central challenge for quality assurance in product line engineering is how to consider product line variability. Since the reusable artifacts contain variability, quality assurance techniques from single-system engineering cannot directly be applied to those artifacts. Therefore, different strategies and techniques have been developed for quality assurance in the presence of variability. In this chapter, we describe those strategies and discuss in more detail one of those strategies, the so called comprehensive strategy. The comprehensive strategy aims at checking the quality of all possible products of the product line and thus offers the highest benefits, since it is able to uncover defects in all possible products of the product line. However, the central challenge for applying the comprehensive strategy is the complexity that results from the product line variability and the large number of potential products of a product line. In this chapter, we present one concrete technique that we have developed to implement the comprehensive strategy that addresses this challenge. The technique is based on model checking technology and allows for a comprehensive verification of domain artifacts against temporal logic properties.

Lauenroth, Kim; Metzger, Andreas; Pohl, Klaus

42

Thoughts on Internal and External Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance of higher education is made up of two parts: internal quality assurance (IQA) and external quality assurance (EQA). Both belong to a union of the coexistence and balance of yin and yang. But in reality there exists a paradox of "confusion of quality assurance (QA) subject consciousness, singularity of social QA and lack of QA…

Zhang, Jianxin

2012-01-01

43

Quality Assurance 1992-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the author's contribution to a series marking the Golden Jubilee of the Association of University Administrators, he reflects on changes in quality assurance over the past twenty years and speculates on what the future may hold for quality as the association moves into a new and very different competitive regime. He begins by discussing the…

Brown, Roger

2012-01-01

44

Assuring Quality in Education Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of quality assurance educational evaluation methods are illustrated. Evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, school district are used. The methods are: (1) from auditing, internal control; (2) from accounting, double bookkeeping; and (3) from industrial quality control, acceptance sampling and cumulative percentage…

Trochim, William M. K.; Visco, Ronald J.

1986-01-01

45

Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs.

Waste Management Group

2006-08-14

46

Quality Assurance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality in…

Villemaire, Lorry

47

Process chemistry and statistics quality assurance plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for Process Chemistry and Statistics. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is us...

H. K. Meznarich

1996-01-01

48

[Quality assurance in psychiatry].  

PubMed

The need for ensuring quality in psychiatry and the elements in the structure, process and outcome are described together with the terminology employed in this field. The internal and external methods of ensuring quality in psychiatry are mentioned and an example of "time monitoring" of the physician's time devoted to patient-related work in a psychiatric department is presented. This example shows that each patient can obtain ten minutes of direct contact during each working day at the very most. It is concluded that it is possible to establish standards for structure and the processes employed in treatment of psychiatric patients but that it is much more difficult to establish standards for the outcome. Establishment of quality ensurance programmes at local level is recommended but The Public Health Board, Danish Psychiatric Association and possibly the consumers' association should develop and assess the necessary methods. PMID:1523714

Reisby, N

1992-04-13

49

Quality Assurance Program. QAP Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Quality Assurance Program (QAP) workbook is intended to assist institutions of higher education conduct qualitative and quantitative evaluations of their financial aid operations in relation to requirements of Title IV of the Higher Education Act. The workbook provides a structured approach for incorporating a cyclical Title IV QA system into…

Pelavin Research Inst., Washington, DC.

50

Quality Assurance: One School's Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1987, the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Dentistry has established a system of committee responsibilities for quality assurance, involving the committees for clinical affairs, academic performance, safety and therapeutics, and a council composed largely of department chairs. Additional review of procedures and records management…

Wittemann, K. Joseph

1990-01-01

51

Quality assurance for radiotherapy equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The quality assurance of the radiotherapy equipment comprises all organized procedures which are needed to ensure the reliable operation of the equipment on point of view of radiation safety as well as of the required accuracy of dose to the patient. Qual...

1993-01-01

52

Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory`s Environment Department addresses its responsibilities through activities in a variety of areas. The need for a comprehensive management control system for these activities has been identified by the Department of Energy (DOE). The WM QA (Waste Management Quality Assurance) Plan is an integral part of a management system that provides controls necessary to ensure that the department`s activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified. This WM QA Plan defines the requirements of the WM QA program. These requirements are derived from DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, the LBL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP, LBL PUB-3111), and other environmental compliance documents applicable to WM activities. The requirements presented herein, as well as the procedures and methodologies that direct the implementation of these requirements, will undergo review and revisions as necessary. The provisions of this QA Plan and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by and for WM. It is also applicable to WM contractors, vendors, and other LBL organizations associated with WM activities, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WM-approved QA programs. References used in the preparation of this document are (1) ASME NQA-1-1989, (2) ANSI/ASQC E4 (Draft), (3) Waste Management Quality Assurance Implementing Management Plan (LBL PUB-5352, Rev. 1), (4) LBL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), LBL PUB-3111, 2/3/93. A list of terms and definitions used throughout this document is included as Appendix A.

Not Available

1993-11-30

53

Accreditation and Quality Assurance: The Swiss Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the establishment of Switzerland's Accreditation and Quality Assurance Board for higher education. Its advantages include that it focuses not only on fulfilling minimum standards through accreditation, but also on implementation of quality assurance mechanisms. (EV)

Schenker-Wicki, Andrea

2002-01-01

54

Quality assurance of medical software.  

PubMed

Quality assurance is a topical issue within the software industry, and various methodological solutions aimed at improving software quality have been proposed. Medical software is generally deemed safety-critical and, as such, should be subject to control procedures exceeding those applicable to general-purpose software. The user/purchaser of medical equipment has an important part to play in the drive for higher-quality medical software, and ways in which the user can influence commercial suppliers are outlined. The implications of existing and planned legislation are also discussed. PMID:8006924

Cosgriff, P S

1994-01-01

55

QARx: the quality assurance prescription.  

PubMed

The QARx program provides the necessary tools for organizing and effectively implementing a quality assurance program for a pharmacy department that truly offers the ever-elusive potential for creating an environment that promotes on-going quality improvement for the department. Eventually there will be a plethora of criteria sets available so that a pharmacist will be able to just choose the pertinent indicators from the shelf (if you choose not to create your own). There is an option to import criteria sets from the utilities menu, and the availability of pertinent sets should provide an attractive option for actually selecting certain readily available sets of indicators, monitors, and outcomes to be automatically imported into your existing quality assurance plan. This program is a must for any department manager trying to organize and orchestrate an effective quality assurance program in a health care institution. For more information about QARx, contact the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, Special Projects Division, 4630 Montgomery Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814, (301) 657-3000. PMID:10128658

Bluml, B M

1991-10-01

56

Quality assurance program plan for Building 327  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides an overview of the quality assurance program for Building 327. The program applies to the facility safety structures, systems, and components and to activities that could affect safety structures, systems, and components. Adherence to the quality assurance program ensures the following: US Department of Energy missions and objectives are effectively accomplished; Products and

Tanke

1997-01-01

57

A blueprint for hospitalwide quality assurance.  

PubMed

Hospital medical staffs currently are faced with the task of writing a quality assurance plan that will meet the requirements of JCAH's new standard for integrating quality assurance activities on a hospitalwide basis. The following article details the essential components of a written quality assurance plan and the special procedural requirements that must be spelled out in the written statement. PMID:10249048

Morris, C R

1980-12-01

58

ELEMENTS OF A LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The importance of Quality Assurance is discussed. The requirements of a quality assurance program are divided into three functions; namely, the Control of Quality, the Determination of Quality, and the Documentation of Quality. The Control of Quality is defined as the regulation ...

59

Quality assurance program plan for Building 327  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides an overview of the quality assurance program for Building 327. The program applies to the facility safety structures, systems, and components and to activities that could affect safety structures, systems, and components. Adherence to the quality assurance program ensures the following: US Department of Energy missions and objectives are effectively accomplished; Products and services are safe, reliable, and meet or exceed the requirements and expectations of the user; Hazards to the public, to Hanford Site and facility workers, and to the environment are minimized. The format of this Quality Assurance Program Plan is structured to parallel that of 10 CFR 83 0.120, Quality Assurance Requirements. This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the 324 Building B-Cell Safety Cleanout Project (BCCP). This QAPP is responsive to the Westinghouse Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program and Implementation Plan, WHC-SP 113 1, for 10 CFR 830.120, Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements; and DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance. This QAPP supersedes PNNL PNL-MA-70 QAP Quality Assurance Plan No. WTC-050 Rev. 2, issue date May 3, 1996.

Tanke, J.M.

1997-05-22

60

Assurance Technology Challenges of Advanced Space Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The initiative to explore space and extend a human presence across our solar system to revisit the moon and Mars post enormous technological challenges to the nation's space agency and aerospace industry. Key areas of technology development needs to enable the endeavor include advanced materials, structures and mechanisms; micro/nano sensors and detectors; power generation, storage and management; advanced thermal and cryogenic control; guidance, navigation and control; command and data handling; advanced propulsion; advanced communication; on-board processing; advanced information technology systems; modular and reconfigurable systems; precision formation flying; solar sails; distributed observing systems; space robotics; and etc. Quality assurance concerns such as functional performance, structural integrity, radiation tolerance, health monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance, calibration, and initialization can affect the performance of systems and subsystems. It is thus imperative to employ innovative nondestructive evaluation methodologies to ensure quality and integrity of advanced space systems. Advancements in integrated multi-functional sensor systems, autonomous inspection approaches, distributed embedded sensors, roaming inspectors, and shape adaptive sensors are sought. Concepts in computational models for signal processing and data interpretation to establish quantitative characterization and event determination are also of interest. Prospective evaluation technologies include ultrasonics, laser ultrasonics, optics and fiber optics, shearography, video optics and metrology, thermography, electromagnetics, acoustic emission, x-ray, data management, biomimetics, and nano-scale sensing approaches for structural health monitoring.

Chern, E. James

2004-01-01

61

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP)

Oginni, B. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Odero, D. O. [Raleigh Regional Cancer Center, Beckley, West Virginia 25801 (United States)

2009-07-06

62

Quality assurance from a manufacturer's standpoint  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The efforts of a manufacturer in the area of component procurement acceptance testing are very visible, while the quality assurance work that goes on during the design and manufacture of medical imaging equipment is frequently not so apparent. Many steps in the design and production of imaging devices are carefully designed to promote not only quality of the devices when initially installed, but also the ability to maintain the device's quality over a period of time. Customer requirements for aesthetics, performance, safety and regulatory compliance must be considered. Software, which represents over 70% of the design engineering of modern products, presents a special challenge since the quality of software cannot be tested and must be designed in. Specific hardware elements such as monitor phosphor color and uniformity deserve extra consideration. A design that allows quick diagnosis and replacement of failed components is also important.

Anderson, William J.

1991-05-01

63

Italian quality assurance in mental health.  

PubMed

Since the radical changes in Italian mental health law in the 1970s, quality assurance models have gained consensus as the most suitable service assessment tool. In the 1990s, the whole Italian National Health System changed into a corporate model, and an accreditation system was implemented.The Italian Association for Quality and Accreditation in Mental Health (Associazione Italiana per la Qualità e l'Accreditamento in Salute Mentale [QUASM]) was founded in 1984, and since then, it offers consultation and support for Mental Health Departments and Regional Governments to help them to develop psychiatric programs, self-evaluation, educational programs, and professional peer-model accreditation. The QUASM accreditation manual has now gone through several revisions, the last in 2008. Until 2008, QUASM was successful in promoting quality and facilitating both institutional and professional accreditation. However, radical changes triggered by financial crisis have jeopardized quality assurance implementation. Nowadays, the challenge for QUASM is to maintain quality and accreditation geared to excellence against prevailing leveling trends. PMID:24840086

Rossi, Giovanni; Agnetti, Germana; Bosio, Roberto; De Luca, Pasquale; Erlicher, Arcadio; Morganti, Carla; Neri, Giovanni; Re, Edoardo; Semisa, Domenico; Fioritti, Angelo

2014-06-01

64

Quality Assurance Program and Brain Drain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of colleges and universities in most developing countries has increased drastically over the past decades. The quality variation of these institutions is an alarming concern. Quality assurance programs are proposed and implemented. This paper evaluates the effects of quality assurance on the demand for college education, study abroad,…

Lien, Donald

2008-01-01

65

Quality assurance program plan fuel supply shutdown  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program plan (QAPP) describes how the Fuel Supply Shutdown (FSS) project organization implements the quality assurance requirements of HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and the B and W Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), FSP-MP-004. The QAPP applies to facility structures, systems, and components and to activities (e.g., design, procurement, testing, operations, maintenance, etc.) that could affect structures, systems, and components. This QAPP also provides a roadmap of applicable Project Hanford Policies and Procedures (PHPP) which may be utilized by the FSS project organization to implement the requirements of this QAPP.

Metcalf, I.L.

1998-09-21

66

Quality assurance program plan for Building 324  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides an overview of the quality assurance program for Building 324. This plan supersedes the PNNL Nuclear Facilities Quality Management System Description, PNL-NF-QMSD, Revision 2, dated March 1996. The program applies to the facility safety structures, systems, and components and to activities that could affect safety structures, systems, and components. Adherence to the quality assurance program ensures the following: US Department of Energy missions and objectives are effectively accomplished; Products and services are safe, reliable, and meet or exceed the requirements and expectations of the user; Hazards to the public, to Hanford Site and facility workers, and to the environment are minimized. The format of this Quality Assurance Program Plan is structured to parallel that of 10 CFR 83 0.120, Quality Assurance Requirements.

Tanke, J.M.

1997-05-22

67

Statistical process control for radiotherapy quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every quality assurance process uncovers random and systematic errors. These errors typically consist of many small random errors and a very few number of large errors that dominate the result. Quality assurance practices in radiotherapy do not adequately differentiate between these two sources of error. The ability to separate these types of errors would allow the dominant source(s) of error

Todd Pawlicki; Matthew Whitaker

2005-01-01

68

Quality Assurance for Vendor/Processor Contracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The way that the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Student Financial Assistance (OSFA) should conduct its quality assurance function of monitoring a processing contractor is described. For the following quality assurance procedures, information is provided on the goal of the procedure, activities to be measured, measures, and the role of…

Advanced Technology, Inc., Reston, VA.

69

Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses the status and practice of higher education quality assurance in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on degree-granting tertiary institutions. A main finding is that structured national-level quality assurance processes in African higher education are a very recent phenomenon and that most countries face major capacity constraints.…

Materu, Peter; Righetti, Petra

2010-01-01

70

Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

Oijala, J.E.

1988-06-01

71

Computer Networking: Approaches to Quality Service Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The problem of quality service assurance in a (generalized) computer networking environment is addressed. In the absence of any direct, well-defined, quantitative measure of service quality and reliability, error collection and analysis is the only basis ...

R. B. Stillman

1974-01-01

72

QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR PAMS UPPER MONITORING SITES  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality assurance procedures are outlined for ground-based remote sensors used to acquire upper air meteorological data. cceptance testing, calibration procedures, performance audits, operation, maintenance, and quality control are briefly discussed....

73

Integrating Quality Assurance Systems in a Merged Higher Education Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article seeks to highlight the challenges and issues that face merging higher education institutions and also to outline some of the challenges in integrating the quality assurance systems during the pre-, interim and post-merger phases in a merged university. Design/methodology/approach: Case studies of merged and merging…

Kistan, Chandru

2005-01-01

74

Training, quality assurance factors, and tools investigation: A work report and suggestions on software quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previously, several research tasks have been conducted, some observations were obtained, and several possible suggestions have been contemplated involving software quality assurance engineering at NASA Johnson. These research tasks are briefly described. Also, a brief discussion is given on the role of software quality assurance in software engineering along with some observations and suggestions. A brief discussion on a training program for software quality assurance engineers is provided. A list of assurance factors as well as quality factors are also included. Finally, a process model which can be used for searching and collecting software quality assurance tools is presented.

Lee, Pen-Nan

1991-01-01

75

The Challenges of Quality Assurance in a Distance Learning Environment. A Report and Recommendations in a Series on Distance Learning Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Distance Learning Policy Laboratory of the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) and many states and regional organizations are coming to a consensus on the principles and goals that should shape distance learning policies. In the case of quality assurance, the SREB believes there are four guiding principles that states should follow.…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

76

Principles and Practices for Quality Assurance and Quality Control  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Quality assurance and quality control are vital parts of highway runoff water-quality monitoring projects. To be effective, project quality assurance must address all aspects of the project, including project management responsibilities and resources, data quality objectives, sampling and analysis plans, data-collection protocols, data quality-control plans, data-assessment procedures and requirements, and project outputs. Quality control ensures that the data quality objectives are achieved as planned. The historical development and current state of the art of quality assurance and quality control concepts described in this report can be applied to evaluation of data from prior projects.

Jones, Berwyn E.

1999-01-01

77

Quality assurance for diagnostic imaging equipment  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses factors that influence production of an image. It contains the necessary information to enable the imaging physician to report the diagnostic findings to the referring physician. Some of these factors are human, other are inherent to technique and equipment. The subject of the report is quality assurance, i.e., all of the management practices instituted by the imaging physician, to assure highest quality medical care, but an essential element of quality assurance is quality control. The first three sections are concerned with quality assurance in general and the remainder with quality control in specific circumstances. This report provides a systematic approach to procedures which can ensure that the physician and the imaging facility consistently achieve their optimal performance. This in turn, ensures that there is optimal use of radiation and that radiation exposures to patient and staff are maintained at a level consistent with the principles of optimization of radiation protection espoused by the NCRP.

Not Available

1988-01-01

78

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Quality assurance criteria. 63.142 Section 63...GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.142 Quality assurance criteria. (a) Introduction...

2009-01-01

79

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2013-10-01

80

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

2013-07-01

81

A Quality Assurance Program for decommissioning  

SciTech Connect

Defining the Quality Assurance Program for the US Department of Energy Shippingport Station Decommissioning Project (SSDP) was a unique opportunity because this is the first full-sized commercial nuclear power plant to be decommissioned. General Electric Company defined a Quality Assurance Program that provided adequate control, yet was stripped down to the essentials. The Program is designed to provide a flexible degree of monitoring of subcontractor work, built around a core of radiation safety monitoring, detailed planning, inspection and auditing, and operated with a minimum of dedicated personnel. This paper will concentrate on the traditional quality assurance activities, leaving radiation and environmental monitoring for other presentations.

Briggs, P.M.

1986-10-28

82

R and D software quality assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research software quality assurance (QA) requirements must be adequate to strengthen development or modification objectives, but flexible enough not to restrict creativity. Application guidelines are needed for the different kinds of research and developm...

F. C. Hood

1991-01-01

83

Quality Assurance Guidelines for Hemodialysis Devices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual is designed to help dialysis facility personnel become more aware of quality assurance practices for hemodialysis devices. Device areas covered include water treatment equipment, equipment used to evaluate the acceptability of the dialysate con...

D. L. Vlchek N. Pressly S. Burrows-Hudson

1991-01-01

84

Quality assurance program for isotopic power systems  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Sandia National Laboratories Quality Assurance Program that applies to non-weapon (reimbursable) Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators. The program has been implemented over the past 16 years on power supplies used in various space and terrestrial systems. The quality assurance (QA) activity of the program is in support of the Department of Energy, Office of Space Nuclear Projects. Basic elements of the program are described in the report and examples of program decumentation are presented.

Hannigan, R.L.; Harnar, R.R.

1982-12-01

85

Quality assurance program for isotopic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sandia National Laboratories Quality Assurance Program that applies to non-weapon (reimbursable) Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators is summarized. The program was implemented over the past 16 years on power supplies used in various space and terrestrial systems. The quality assurance (QA) activity of the program is in support of the Department of Energy, Office of Space Nuclear Projects. Basic elements of the program are described and examples of program documentation are presented.

Hannigan, R. L.; Harnar, R. R.

1982-12-01

86

Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance plan identifies the data necessary, and techniques designed to attain the required quality, to meet the specific data quality objectives associated with the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This report specifies sampling, waste testing, and analytical methods for transuranic wastes.

NONE

1995-04-30

87

Nuclear quality assurance operating philosophy: A quality-oriented approach  

SciTech Connect

Quality assurance programs have been part of the nuclear utility management process since the publication of the draft of 10CFR50 Appendix B in the late 1960s. The unwritten operational philosophy of nuclear quality assurance organizations focused on compliance with federal regulations. Adverse experiences, including operational events and extended shutdowns, prompted the gradual adoption of isolated practices extending beyond compliance orientation. These practices have an orientation that accommodates a definition of quality, a perspective of the role of nuclear quality assurance organizations in the overall concept of defense-in-depth, a definition of the segments of the nuclear quality assurance mission, and recent advances in the understanding of self-assessment. Observation of these practices at various nuclear utilities resulted in a syntheses of practices and approaches into a coherent quality-oriented nuclear quality assurance operating philosophy that is not totally adopted at any one utility.

Corcoran, W.R. (TENERA Risk Management Services, Windsor, CT (United States)); Geiger, J.E. (Florida Power and Light Co., Juno Beach (United States)); Heibel, R.E. (Baltimore Gas and Electric, Lusby, MD (United States)); Cotton, J.B. (Philadelphia Electric Co., Wayne, PA (United States)); Sabol, A.R. (Pennsylvania Power and Light, Allentown (United States))

1992-01-01

88

New developments in NASA quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this talk is to examine and discuss NASA's basic quality concept, the policy and procedures which define and implement this concept and subsequently explore the NASA-Industry quality relationships which are essential to the success of NASA's quality assurance concept. It is important to emphasize that NASA's Quality Assurance program is predicated on the concept of an individually tailored quality program for each significant NASA procurement - particularly, large space systems. As a result, NASA's Quality Assurance program - to be effective - must be responsive to various technologies, hardware systems, and space missions. In addition, the program must be responsive to changing policies and practices in research, engineering and procurement. Key issues in the NASA-Contractor quality relationships in the framework of an over all NASA-Industry partnership include: (1) the necessity for NASA to effectively discharge its responsibility for providing clear and complete definition of quality requirements at all phases of the procurement cycle; (2) the right of the contractor to expect an explicit definition of NASA quality requirements in each RFP and contract and to request same if it is not provided; (3) the necessity for the contractor to have a dynamic and responsive quality program which is directed towards assuring that the hardware meets all technical requirements and to accomplish this in an effective and efficient manner; and (4) the critical need for investigation and study of the economic aspects of quality and an evaluation of our policies and practices based upon the results of such a study.

Condon, John E.

1966-01-01

89

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case  

SciTech Connect

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

2011-02-01

90

Hanford Tanks Initiative quality assurance implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Tanks Initiative (HTI) Quality Assurance Implementation Plan for Nuclear Facilities defines the controls for the products and activities developed by HTI. Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD)(HNF-PRO599) is the document that defines the quality requirements for Nuclear Facilities. The QAPD provides direction for compliance to 10 CFR 830.120 Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements. Hanford Tanks Initiative (HTI) is a five-year activity resulting from the technical and financial partnership of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Waste Management (EM-30), and Office of Science and Technology Development (EM-50). HTI will develop and demonstrate technologies and processes for characterization and retrieval of single shell tank waste. Activities and products associated with HTI consist of engineering, construction, procurement, closure, retrieval, characterization, and safety and licensing.

Huston, J.J.

1998-06-23

91

Effectiveness of dichotomous sampler quality assurance procedures  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we describe the quality control procedures and quality assurance criteria which were instituted for the collection of dichotomous sampler data. The results of a computrized validation program which screened each sample, and if appropriate, flagged the sample if it fell outside the acceptable range determined for each criteria, are then statistically analyzed. 10 references.

Briggs, S.L.K.; Thurston, G.D.; Dumyahn, T.S.; Evans, J.S.; Spengler, J.D.; Turner, W.A.

1982-01-01

92

QUALITY ASSURANCE OF HARVESTED HORTICULTURAL PERISHABLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective quality assurance (QA) system throughout the handling steps between harvest and retail display is essential to provide a consistently good-quality supply of fresh horticultural crops to the consumers and to protect the reputation of a given marketing label. QA starts with the selection of the genotype and its proper time to harvest for the best appearance, textural, flavor

A. A. Kader

93

Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

2009-01-01

94

SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The inherent inseparability of a cost-effective Soil Sampling Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Plan from the objectives of a soil monitoring program is emphasized. Required precisions and confidence levels for the data cannot be defined until the decisions which will be ...

95

Quality Assurance in University Guidance Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Europe there is no common quality assurance framework for the delivery of guidance in higher education. Using a case study approach in four university career guidance services in England, France and Spain, this article aims to study how quality is implemented in university career guidance services in terms of strategy, standards and models,…

Simon, Alexandra

2014-01-01

96

The CNAA, Accreditation and Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents an overview of the quality control procedures of the British Council for National Academic Awards. The Council awards degrees and certificates to persons completing courses of study at educational establishments other than universities. Noted are procedures for institutional accreditation, models of quality assurance, and…

Harris, R. W.

1990-01-01

97

US Environmental Protection Agency's quality assurance program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor organizations historically have devoted considerable time and effort to the standardization of test procedures, the development and use of calibration and performance audit procedures, quality control and reference samples, training, and other quality assurance (QA) activities. However, these QA activities were essentially voluntary, and most of the data generated were reported with

T. W. Stanley; S. S. Verner

1985-01-01

98

ENHANCING SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION THROUGH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The basic features of the Quality Assurance Program have been in existence since the early 1980's, but this poster will highlight some topics that have emerged more recently, in particular the Agency's laboratory competency policy, the information quality guidelines, and scientif...

99

The New English Quality Assurance Regime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England is developing a new quality assurance regime that will come into effect in October 2011. A new funding regime will operate from the following year, together with new rules to ease the participation of private higher education providers. This article describes and analyses the new quality and funding regimes. It argues that the greater…

Brown, Roger

2011-01-01

100

Quality assurance of computer controlled radiotherapy treatments.  

PubMed

There is a need in conformal therapy, as in any radiation therapy, for adequate quality assurance of the treatment plan and the delivery of the treatment. This paper examines quality assurance of two methods of conformal treatment, on a cobalt treatment unit using computer control. Each of the two methods demonstrates a different aspect of computer controlled treatments. Following completion of each treatment plan, an additional "quality assurance plan" is prepared. This is used to assess the integrity of the treatment plan, and the precision with which the computer controls the treatment unit. A simple method, using solid state detectors in a Perspex phantom, is used to validate the dosimetry of the "quality assurance plan". Quality assurance of the computer control is performed daily prior to treatments. At each treatment, parameters identifying the start position and final position of the computer controlled couch movements and the exposure time are noted by the radiographers. Comparison of the recorded movement of the treatment couch and the exposure time with that intended during each course of treatment has demonstrated, inter alia, limitations on couch speed control at speeds of less than 10 mm per min. PMID:1611420

Morgan, H M

1992-05-01

101

Quality Assurance of Chemical Measurements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews aspects of quality control (methods to control errors) and quality assessment (verification that systems are operating within acceptable limits) including an analytical measurement system, quality control by inspection, control charts, systematic errors, and use of SRMs, materials for which properties are certified by the National Bureau…

Taylor, John K.

1981-01-01

102

Quality assurance programs to meet CLIA requirements.  

PubMed

CLIA '88 delineates specific quality assurance (QA) practices for cytology laboratories in the United States. In addition, there are general requirements that all types of clinical laboratories must meet to satisfy the CLIA law and regulations. This paper describes the origins and objectives of CLIA and it outlines the major sections of the legislation. To satisfy the regulations, every laboratory must develop its own quality assurance plan that addresses each of the specific conditions and standards. Furthermore, the laboratory must monitor its performance and document that, indeed, the QA systems are operating effectively. The article then describes the quality assurance plan of the Cytology Department of the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene. The department uses 28 monitors to determine compliance with the criteria and standards and to prevent problems in its day-to-day operation. When standards are not met or are exceeded, action steps are specified. PMID:7813371

Inhorn, S L; Shalkham, J E; Mueller, G B

1994-01-01

103

The IRIS DMC: Perspectives on Real-Time Data Management and Open Access From a Large Seismological Archive: Challenges, Tools, and Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS Data Management Center, located in Seattle, WA, is the largest openly accessible geophysical archive in the world, and has a unique perspective on data management and operational practices that gets the most out of your network. Networks scale broad domains in time and space, from finite needs to monitor bridges and dams to national and international networks like the GSN and the FDSN that establish a baseline for global monitoring and research, the requirements that go into creating a well-tuned DMC archive treat these the same, building a collaborative network of networks that generations of users rely on and adds value to the data. Funded by the National Science Foundation through the Division of Earth Sciences, IRIS is operated through member universities and in cooperation with the USGS, and the DMS facility is a bridge between a globally distributed collaboration of seismic networks and an equally distributed network of users that demand a high standard for data quality, completeness, and ease of access. I will describe the role that a perpetual archive has in the life cycle of data, and how hosting real-time data performs a dual role of being a hub for continuous data from approximately 59 real-time networks, and distributing these (along with other data from the 40-year library of available time-series data) to researchers, while simultaneously providing shared data back to networks in real- time that benefits monitoring activities. I will describe aspects of our quality-assurance framework that are both passively and actively performed on 1100 seismic stations, generating over 6,000 channels of regularly sampled data arriving daily, that data providers can use as aids in operating their network, and users can likewise use when requesting suitable data for research purposes. The goal of the DMC is to eliminate bottlenecks in data discovery and shortening the steps leading to analysis. This includes many challenges, including keeping metadata current, tools for evaluating and viewing them, along with measuring and creating databases of other performance metrics and how monitoring them closer to real- time helps reduce operation costs, creates a richer repository, and eliminates problems over generations of duty cycles of data usage. I will describe a new resource, called the Nominal Response Library, which hopes to provide accurate and representative examples of sensor and data logger configurations that are hosted at the DMC and constitute a high-graded subset for crafting your own metadata. Finally, I want to encourage all network operators who do not currently submit SEED format data to an archive to consider these benefits, and briefly discuss how robust transfer mechanisms that include Earthworm, LISS, Antelope, NRTS and SeisComp, to name a few, can assist you in contributing your network data and help create this enabling virtual network of networks. In this era of high performance Internet capacity, the process that enables others to share your data and allows you to utilize external sources of data is nearly seamless with your current mission of network operation.

Benson, R. B.

2007-05-01

104

Modifiers for Quality Assurance in Group Facilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key task of a professional facilitator is to assure the quality of the knowledge products created through collaborative\\u000a effort. To manage the quality of the knowledge a group generates, facilitators attend to, judge, and question the quality\\u000a of the contributions a group makes, the decisions it makes and the commitments its members make toward achieving the group’s\\u000a goals. When

G. L. Kolfschoten; P. Grünbacher; R. O. Briggs

2011-01-01

105

Quality assurance and quality control in monitoring programs.  

PubMed

There are three general characteristics of the data to be collected in a monitoring program that should be met in order to maximize the use and value of the data: the data quality should be known, the data type and quality should be consistent and comparable, and the data should be available and accessible. Potential problems with each of these characteristics are addressed effectively by quality assurance and quality control. One of the most important aspects of quality assurance in a monitoring program is the development of a quality assurance plan, which should identify clearly the quality of the data needed and describe in detail the planned actions to provide confidence that the program will meet its stated objectives.Quality control data, which allow for the quality and suitability of the environmental data to be evaluated and ascertained, should be collected and utilized as an integral part of the QA effort associated with a monitoring program. PMID:24220829

Shampine, W J

1993-07-01

106

MICROBIOLOGY: METHODOLOGY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

Research on the microbiological quality of water continues to concentrate on improved methods for the detection, enumeration, and identification of pollution indicators, pathogens, and other microbial groups. A complete handbook of basic laboratory procedures, replete with resour...

107

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to beneficiaries; (4) Quality of service and responsiveness...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program. The...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program pursuant...contract year has begun, the costs incurred in correcting...

2013-10-01

108

Quality Cost Loop in Quality Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A system to determine quality cost is described which solves two major problems: determination of quality cost with sufficient accuracy in consideration of rentability and implementation of quality cost in cost accounting. (Atomindex citation 11:514196)

S. P. Grabowski

1979-01-01

109

Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

Zuckerman, Amy

2000-01-01

110

Livestock-handling quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Careful handling of pigs and cattle at slaughter plants helps preserve meat quality. Cattle handled quietly have less bruising and cattle that re- main calm during handling are less likely to have dark cutting or tough meat. In pigs, quiet handling and a minimum of electric prod use in the stunning chute reduce PSE approximately 10%. Quiet handling also helps

T. Grandin

2009-01-01

111

Quality Assurance in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series designed as a companion to the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE)'s fact book, "Policy Indicators for Higher Education: WICHE States." The title article maintains that the growth of distance learning programs has heightened existing concerns about their quality. Institutions can ensure…

Zuniga, Etter; Krauth, Barbara

1996-01-01

112

QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR AMBIENT AIR MONITORING  

EPA Science Inventory

State and local government agencies that are required to implement and report the data from the US Ambient Air Monitoring Networks are also required in 40 CFR Part 58 to participate in a system of Quality Assurance (QA) activities. Agencies with monitoring stations in the US netw...

113

MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

1996-04-01

114

Software quality assurance plan for GCS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

1990-01-01

115

Research and development quality assurance planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R & D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of...

P. B. Hoke

1990-01-01

116

Software quality assurance engineering at NASA  

Microsoft Academic Search

As our missions on the ground and into space expand to reach new horizons, the complexities and importance of software to mission success also increase. Software has taken on a new, enhanced role and now directly impacts not only mission success, but also the safety of the missions. Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is critical to the success of every mission

Linda H. Rosenberg

2002-01-01

117

Quality Assurance in VET. Review of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on quality assurance (QA) in vocational education and training (VET) in Australia over the past 6 years was reviewed. Three factors responsible for growing interest in QA were identified: close connections with industry sectors that have gained from the introduction of QA measures; the more competitive training market that has been…

Hager, Paul

118

Expert System for Software Quality Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the development of an expert system for software quality assurance(SQA). The expert system was designed to facilitate the process of tailoring statements of work by capturing the knowledge of SQA engineers. This task was undertaken i...

W. E. Baum J. Podell G. N. Romstedt

1986-01-01

119

REGIONAL AIR POLLUTION STUDY, QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS  

EPA Science Inventory

RAPS Quality Assurance audits were conducted under this Task Order in continuation of the audit program previously conducted under Task Order No. 58. Quantitative field audits were conducted of the Regional Air Monitoring System (RAMS) Air Monitoring Stations, Local Air Monitorin...

120

Quality Assurance: Enhancing or Threatening Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing marketization of commodity services and, the authors argue, higher education is suffering heavily from this trend. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are currently subject to quality assurance and other externally imposed procedures that have been successfully applied in the private sector. This article analyses the…

Taousanidis, Nikolaos I.; Antoniadou, Myrofora A.

2010-01-01

121

Quality Assurance: Administrator's Panacea or Pandemonium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Where mental health administrators used to rely on subjective judgments of senior clinicians to evaluate the effectiveness of mental health services, they now rely more on a quality assurance (QA) plan. The primary motive for undertaking a QA program should be better service. QA may start out being very expensive in terms of personnel and…

Comerford, Ralph; Silverman, Wade H.

122

Quality Assurance Specifications for Planetary Protection Assays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the European Space Agency planetary protection (PP) activities move forward to support the ExoMars and other planetary missions, it will become necessary to increase staffing of labo-ratories that provide analyses for these programs. Standardization of procedures, a comprehen-sive quality assurance program, and unilateral training of personnel will be necessary to ensure that the planetary protection goals and schedules are met. The PP Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QAQC) program is designed to regulate and monitor procedures performed by labora-tory personnel to ensure that all work meets data quality objectives through the assembly and launch process. Because personnel time is at a premium and sampling schedules are often de-pendent on engineering schedules, it is necessary to have flexible staffing to support all sampling requirements. The most productive approach to having a competent and flexible work force is to establish well defined laboratory procedures and training programs that clearly address the needs of the program and the work force. The quality assurance specification for planetary protection assays has to ensure that labora-tories and associated personnel can demonstrate the competence to perform assays according to the applicable standard AD4. Detailed subjects included in the presentation are as follows: • field and laboratory control criteria • data reporting • personnel training requirements and certification • laboratory audit criteria. Based upon RD2 for primary and secondary validation and RD3 for data quality objectives, the QAQC will provide traceable quality assurance safeguards by providing structured laboratory requirements for guidelines and oversight including training and technical updates, standardized documentation, standardized QA/QC checks, data review and data archiving.

Baker, Amy

123

Quality Assurance and School Monitoring in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the Hong Kong education quality assurance and school monitoring system. Three research questions were addressed: (1) Who controls the quality of school education in Hong Kong? (2) What strategies are used in the Hong Kong school education quality assurance process? (3) Agenda for Future Research on quality assurance and…

Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching

2007-01-01

124

Private incentives for adopting food safety and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competitiveness of food companies in national and international markets depends upon their ability to adopt production processes which meet food safety and quality requirements. Food safety and quality assurance affect the cost of carrying out transactions, and therein lies the private incentive for adopting voluntary quality assurance systems. While quality assurance systems have the potential to reduce transaction costs

Erin Holleran; Maury E. Bredahl; Lokman Zaibet

1999-01-01

125

Quality Assurance/Quality Control Jobs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production of a quality and safe food product is essential to the success of any food manufacturing facility. Because of this great importance, a career in quality can be extremely rewarding. Without happy customers willing to buy a product, a company would not be able to survive. Quality issues such as foreign objects, spoiled or mislabeled product, failure to meet net weight requirements, or a recall can all turn customers away from buying a product. The food industry is a customer-driven market in which some consumers are brand loyal based on a history of high quality or in which a single bad experience with a product will turn them away for a lifetime. With this said, the main role of a quality department is to help ensure that quality issues such as these are eliminated or kept to a minimum to maintain or increase the number of customers purchasing their product.

Fanslau, Melody; Young, Janelle

126

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Quality assurance and improvement plan. 441.474...FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...APPLICABLE TO SPECIFIC SERVICES Optional Self-Directed Personal Assistance Services Program § 441.474 Quality assurance and improvement plan. (a)...

2013-10-01

127

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN RESEARCH LABORATORIES: RULES AND REASON  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality Assurance in Research Laboratories: Rules and Reason Ron Rogers, Quality Assurance and Records Manager, Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL/ORD/US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709 To anyone who has actively participated in research, as I have...

128

Quality Assurance Report National Atmospheric Deposition Program, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) has been in operation since 1978. Since the beginning of the Network, quality assurance has been of paramount importance. The Quality Assurance Report, National Atmospheric Deposition Program, 1998, descr...

J. Rothert

2000-01-01

129

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

130

Quality Assurance Report National Atmospheric Deposition Program, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) and the Central Analytical Laboratory (CAL) have been in operation since 1978. Since the beginning of the network, quality assurance has been of paramount importance. The Quality Assurance Report, Nationa...

J. Rothert

2006-01-01

131

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR IERL-CI PROJECT OFFICERS  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides guidelines to Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory-Cincinnati (IERL-Ci) Project Officers for (1) incorporating quality assurance (QA) criteria in contract procurement and grant awards; (2) monitoring quality assurance of extramural projects; and (3) ...

132

Development of an Emission Inventory Quality Assurance Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses quality assurance in general and quality assurance related to emission inventories specifically. The inventory process is discussed in terms of its procedural elements. Typical error types and remedies are discussed. A suggested appr...

D. W. Armentrout

1979-01-01

133

Quality Assurance Plan for 10 MWe Phase II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the system for implementing the, Collector Subsystem for the 10 MWe Solar Thermal Central Receiver Pilot Plant, Quality Assurance Program. The 10 MWe Phase II Quality Assurance Plan (QA Plan) establishes the requirements and contro...

1980-01-01

134

Hidden Challenges to MEMS Commercialization: Design Realization and Reliability Assurance  

SciTech Connect

The successful commercialization of MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) is an essential prerequisite for their implementation in many critical government applications. Several unique challenges must be overcome to achieve this widespread commercialization. Challenges associated with design realization and reliability assurance are discussed, along with approaches taken by Sandia to successfully overcome these challenges.

McWhorter, P.J.; Miller, S.L.; Miller, W.M.; Rodger, M.S.; Yarberry, V.R.

1999-01-20

135

Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education. ENQA Workshop Report 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is the product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Bologna Seminar "Quality Assurance in Transnational Education: from words to action" hosted by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK) in London in December, 2008. The seminar discussed the current trends in Transnational landscapes, the…

Bennett, Paul; Bergan, Sjur; Cassar, Daniela; Hamilton, Marlene; Soinila, Michele; Sursock, Andree; Uvalic-Trumbic, Stamenka; Williams, Peter

2010-01-01

136

Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of radiological airborne emissions. This Quality Assurance Program Plan is prepared in accordance with and to written requirements.

Boom, R.J.

1995-12-01

137

Quality assurance for packaging of radioactive and hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy (DOE) has required for many years that quality assurance programs be established and implemented for the packaging of radioactive and hazardous materials. This paper identifies various requirement principles and related actions involved in establishing effective quality assurance for packaging of radioactive and hazardous materials. A primary purpose of these quality assurance program activities is to provide

Gustafson

1986-01-01

138

Internal Quality Assurance System and Its Implementation in Kaunas College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses the internal system of quality assurance and its implementation methods in Kaunas College. The issues of quality assurance are reviewed in the context of the European higher education area covering the three levels: European, national and institutional. The importance of quality assurance and its links with external…

Misiunas, Mindaugas

2007-01-01

139

The ESTRO-QUALity assurance network (EQUAL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purpose: ESTRO has set up a Quality Assurance network (EQUAL) to check the dose delivered on axis in reference and non-reference conditions for external radiotherapy. The external audits covered by the network are based on measurements made with mailed thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD).Material and methods: The TLD consist of LiF powder type DTL 937 read with a PCL 3

Ivaldo H Ferreira; Andrée Dutreix; André Bridier; Jean Chavaudra; Hans Svensson

2000-01-01

140

Quality assurance in radiation therapy: physics efforts.  

PubMed

During the last two years, several important documents on quality assurance in radiation therapy have been published. In 1981 the Committee on Radiation Oncology Studies, in a report to the Director of the National Cancer Institute, outlined criteria for multidisciplinary cancer management, including technical standards in radiation therapy. In March 1983, a task group of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) submitted a document for review and publication on "The Physical Aspects of Quality Assurance in Radiation Therapy". This document addresses quality assurance problems related to: 1. treatment machines; 2. measurement equipment; 3. treatment planning; 4. treatment verification; 5. brachytherapy; and 6. radiation safety. One chapter in this latter document discusses the problem of estimating the uncertainty in dose delivered to a patient. The contributions to this uncertainty are analyzed and separated into dosimetric and spatial uncertainties. The dosimetric uncertainties resulting from the central axis calibration and treatment planning amount to about 5% at the 95% confidence level in an optimal situation. The spatial uncertainties resulting from machine alignment problems combined with patient set-up and organ motion may be about 8 mm to 10 mm, corresponding to two standard deviations. An example of how the spatial uncertainty translates into a dose uncertainty for a three-field esophageal plan is discussed. PMID:6735791

Svensson, G K

1984-06-01

141

Integration of Quality Assurance\\/Quality Control into Quantitative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern laboratories, be they in government or industry, operate under strict quality assurance and quality control (QA\\/QC) guidelines. Yet, these topics are rarely covered in undergraduate laboratories, or are presented as isolated experiments. This fosters the false idea that QA\\/QC is a separate subject when in actuality it is an integral part of analytical chemistry. It is possible to incorporate

Suzanne C. Bell; Jeff Moore

1998-01-01

142

Apollo experience report: Reliability and quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The reliability of the Apollo spacecraft resulted from the application of proven reliability and quality techniques and from sound management, engineering, and manufacturing practices. Continual assessment of these techniques and practices was made during the program, and, when deficiencies were detected, adjustments were made and the deficiencies were effectively corrected. The most significant practices, deficiencies, adjustments, and experiences during the Apollo Program are described in this report. These experiences can be helpful in establishing an effective base on which to structure an efficient reliability and quality assurance effort for future space-flight programs.

Sperber, K. P.

1973-01-01

143

History of Reliability and Quality Assurance at Kennedy Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Kennedy Historical Document (KHD) provides a unique historical perspective of the organizational and functional responsibilities for the manned and un-manned programs at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. As systems become more complex and hazardous, the attention to detailed planning and execution continues to be a challenge. The need for a robust reliability and quality assurance program will always be a necessity to ensure mission success. As new space missions are defined and technology allows for continued access to space, these programs cannot be compromised. The organizational structure that has provided the reliability and quality assurance functions for both the manned and unmanned programs has seen many changes since the first group came to Florida in the 1950's. The roles of government and contractor personnel have changed with each program and organizational alignment has changed based on that responsibility. The organizational alignment of the personnel performing these functions must ensure independent assessment of the processes.

Childers, Frank M.

2004-01-01

144

Technology Transfer Challenges for High-Assurance Software Engineering Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we describe our experience with the challenges thar we are currently facing in our effort to develop advanced software verification and validation tools. We categorize these challenges into several areas: cost benefits modeling, tool usability, customer application domain, and organizational issues. We provide examples of challenges in each area and identrfj, open research issues in areas which limit our ability to transfer high-assurance software engineering tools into practice.

Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor); Penix, John; Markosian, Lawrence Z.

2003-01-01

145

CHAPTER 2 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL IN RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now internationally recognised that for any laboratory to produce reliable data it must implement an appropriate programme of quality assurance procedures. It must, as a minimum a. ensure it is using methods which have been validated as fit for the purpose before use by the laboratory. These methods should be fully documented, staff should be trained and control

Peter Bode

146

Radiographic Film Processing Quality Assurance: A Self-Teaching Workbook. Quality Assurance Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook has been designed for use in conjunction with the manual, "Photographic Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Therapy." Presented are several typical problems arising from the existence of variability and fluctuations in the automatic processing of radiographs, which unless corrected, can…

Goldman, Lee W.

147

Flight Dynamics Mission Support and Quality Assurance Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes the method of the Computer Sciences Corporation Flight Dynamics Operation (FDO) quality assurance approach to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Flight Dynamics Support Branch. Historically, a strong need has existed for developing systematic quality assurance using methods that account for the unique nature and environment of satellite Flight Dynamics mission support. Over the past few years FDO has developed and implemented proactive quality assurance processes applied to each of the six phases of the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle: systems and operations concept, system requirements and specifications, software development support, operations planing and training, launch support, and on-orbit mission operations. Rather than performing quality assurance as a final step after work is completed, quality assurance has been built in as work progresses in the form of process assurance. Process assurance activities occur throughout the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle. The FDO Product Assurance Office developed process checklists for prephase process reviews, mission team orientations, in-progress reviews, and end-of-phase audits. This paper will outline the evolving history of FDO quality assurance approaches, discuss the tailoring of Computer Science Corporations's process assurance cycle procedures, describe some of the quality assurance approaches that have been or are being developed, and present some of the successful results.

Oh, InHwan

1996-01-01

148

222-S Laboratory Quality Assurance Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Plan provides,quality assurance (QA) guidance, regulatory QA requirements (e.g., 10 CFR 830.120), and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP). In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. Quality assurance elements required in the Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Program Plans (QAMS-004) and Interim Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Project Plans (QAMS-005) from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are covered throughout this document. A quality assurance index is provided in the Appendix A. This document also provides and/or identifies the procedural information that governs laboratory operations. The personnel of the 222-S Laboratory and the Standards Laboratory including managers, analysts, QA/QC staff, auditors, and support staff shall use this document as guidance and instructions for their operational and quality assurance activities. Other organizations that conduct activities described in this document for the 222-S Laboratory shall follow this QA/QC document.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-07-31

149

Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

Hughitt, Brian

2009-01-01

150

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Activities affecting quality must be accomplished...test equipment, tools, and skills to attain the required quality, and the need for...measures to assure that tools, gages, instruments...activities affecting quality are properly...

2009-01-01

151

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Activities affecting quality must be accomplished...test equipment, tools, and skills to attain the required quality, and the need for...measures to assure that tools, gages, instruments...activities affecting quality are properly...

2010-01-01

152

Guidelines for Quality Assurance Programs for Mobile Source Emissions Measurement Systems: Phase IV. Heavy-Duty Gasoline Engines - Quality Assurance Guidelines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality Assurance guidelines for Light Duty Gasoline Powered Mobile Source Emissions Measurement Systems are presented with the concept of a total Quality Assurance System. The guidelines apply to Quality Assurance principles and techniques in the areas o...

H. Wimette R. Pilkington T. Kelly

1975-01-01

153

Project officer's perspective: quality assurance as a management tool.  

PubMed

Advances in the management of health programs in less developed countries (LDC) have not kept pace with the progress of the technology used. The US Agency for International Development mandated the Quality Assurance Project (QAP) to provide quality improvement technical assistance to primary health care systems in LDCs while developing appropriate quality assurance (QA) strategies. The quality of health care in recent years in the US and Europe focused on the introduction of management techniques developed for industry into health systems. The experience of the QAP and its predecessor, the PRICOR Project, shows that quality improvement techniques facilitate measurement of quality of care. A recently developed WHO model for the management of the sick child provides scientifically based standards for actual care. Since 1988, outside investigators measuring how LDC clinicians perform have revealed serious deficiencies in quality compared with the program's own standards. This prompted developed of new QA management initiatives: 1) communicating standards clearly to the program staff; 2) actively monitoring actual performance corresponds to these standards; and 3) taking action to improve performance. QA means that managers are expected to monitor service delivery, undertake problem solving, and set specific targets for quality improvement. Quality improvement methods strengthen supervision as supervisors can objectively assess health worker performance. QA strengthens the management functions that support service delivery, e.g., training, records management, finance, logistics, and supervision. Attention to quality can contribute to improved health worker motivation and effective incentive programs by recognition for a job well done and opportunities for learning new skills. These standards can also address patient satisfaction. QA challenges managers to aim for the optimal level of care attainable. PMID:12345155

Heiby, J

1993-06-01

154

Quality assurance program for field health laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (and previously the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969) established mandatory dust standards for coal mines. Title II requires the Secretary of Labor to make frequent inspections of coal mines to determine compliance with the mandated 2.0 mg/m/sup 3/ respirable dust standard. Such inspections are made by representatives of the Secretary, who are coal mine inspectors of the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Sampling equipment used to assess respirable dust concentrations is calibrated and maintained at local field laboratories located in each Coal Mine Safety and Health district. Samples collected during inspections are weighed and analyzed at these laboratories. A selected number of laboratories are also qualified to weigh operator samples in accordance with provisions promulgated in Title 30, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 70. This paper describes the quality assurance program conducted to assure the performance integrity of the field laboratories in the maintenance and calibration of respirable dust sampling equipment and the weighing of respirable coal mine dust samples. 18 figs.

Treaftis, H.N.; Parobeck, P.S.

1984-01-01

155

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance (QA) Plan documents the QA activities that will be managed by the INL related to JCN N6423. The NRC developed the SAPHIRE computer code for performing probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) using a personal computer (PC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) under Job Code Number (JCN) L1429. SAPHIRE started out as a feasibility study for a PRA code to be run on a desktop personal PC and evolved through several phases into a state-of-the-art PRA code. The developmental activity of SAPHIRE was the result of two concurrent important events: The tremendous expansion of PC software and hardware capability of the 90s and the onset of a risk-informed regulation era.

Curtis Smith

2010-02-01

156

Quality assurance - no margin for error  

SciTech Connect

Quality assurance (QA), a critical component of a hydraulic fracturing treatment, must be performed prior to and during the job. Failure to follow QA procedures may result in added well costs and poor production. It begins during the design and ends after the completion of the job. The importance of QA has been magnified due to the increased size and complexity fracturing treatments. It is a tool used to insure that fluids, proppants, and equipment meet the increased demands placed upon them. This study discusses several steps take in order to provide QA. An explanation of procedures used during the job design and prior to the job is given. A discussion of procedures and trouble shooting techniques used prior to and during the job also is presented. The sensors and computer system used in order to monitor QA data also are discussed.

Thomas, R.L.; Smith, C.F.; Grant, W.D.

1982-01-01

157

Critique of Traditional Quality Assurance Paradigm  

SciTech Connect

Radiotherapy was one of the first medical specialties to incorporate quality assurance (QA) into routine practices. Over the years, QA has become more comprehensive and time consuming. Following all the recommended QA procedures would burden the resources of most physics staffs. Much of the QA in recommendations serves no effective role. Performing all appropriate QA for the treatment units does not necessarily prevent events that result in patient injury. Equipment failures that have produced injury often occur with no warning. The human reactions to such failures will determine whether injury will follow. In addition, most events occur, not because of equipment failures, but because of human actions. Effective QA needs to consider procedures, rather than just equipment, and the human actions and interactions required for safe execution. New approaches address this problem.

Thomadsen, Bruce [Departments of Medical Physics, Human Oncology, Biomedical Engineering, and Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)], E-mail: thomadsen@humonc.wisc.edu

2008-05-01

158

A nutrition support team quality assurance plan.  

PubMed

The Nutrition Support Team at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center is responsible for the development of guidelines related to the provision of both total parenteral nutrition and enteral nutrition support. A Quality Assurance plan which was approved by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of HealthCare Organizations was implemented by the Nutrition Support Team. This plan addresses: nutritional assessment and consultation, indications for enteral and parenteral nutrition support, provision of optimal nutrition support including attainment of nutritional goals, and the prevention, detection, and management of complications. The indicators and criteria for each aspect of care are described. This program has provided documentation of the activities of the Nutrition Support Team as well as data defining the patient population requiring specialized nutrition support, and has helped identify areas where improvement is required. PMID:1775109

Powers, T; Deckard, M; Stark, N; Cowan, G S

1991-08-01

159

[Quality assurance and quality improvement. Personal experiences and intentions].  

PubMed

In may 1994 we were selected by the surgical Swiss association to make a study about quality in USA. During our travel we visited 3 types of institutions: Hospitals, National Institute of standard and Technology, Industry, Johnson & Johnson. We appreciate to compare 2 types of quality programs: Quality Assurance (QA) and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI). In traditional healthcare circles, QA is the process established to meet external regulatory requirements and to assure that patient care is consistent with established standards. In a modern quality terms, QA outside of healthcare means designing a product or service, as well as controlling its production, so well that quality is inevitable. The ideas of W. Edward Deming is that there is never improvement just by inspection. He developed a theory based on 14 principles. A productive work is accomplished through processes. Understanding the variability of processes is a key to improve quality. Quality management sees each person in an organisation as part of one or more processes. The job of every worker is to receive the work of others, add value to that work, and supply it to the next person in the process. This is called the triple role the workers as customer, processor, and supplier. The main source of quality defects is problems in the process. The old assumption is that quality fails when people do the right thing wrong; the new assumption is that, more often, quality failures arise when people do the wrong think right. Exhortation, incentives and discipline of workers are unlikely to improve quality. If quality is failing when people do their jobs as designed, then exhorting them to do better is managerial nonsense. Modern quality theory is customer focused. Customers are identified internally and externally. The modern approach to quality is thoroughly grounded in scientific and statistical thinking. Like in medicine, the symptom is a defect in quality. The therapist of process must perform diagnostic test, formulate hypotheses of cause, test those hypotheses, apply remedies, and assess the effect of remedies. Total employee involvement is critical. A power comes from enabling all employees to become involved in quality improvement. A great advantage of CQI is the prevention orientation of the concept. The CQI permeated a collegial approach, people learn how to work together to improve. CQI is a time consuming procedure. During our travel we learned the definition of quality as the customer satisfaction. To build a CQI concept in employed time but all employed are involved in quality improvement. Applying CQI we could be able to refuse Quality control programs. PMID:8581805

Roche, B G; Sommer, C

1995-01-01

160

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

161

Chiropractic quality assurance: standards and guidelines  

PubMed Central

Chiropractic quality assurance involves development of both clinical guidelines and standards. Confusion generated by poor differentiation of guidelines from standards contributes to mistrust of the guideline development process. Guidelines are considered to be recommendations that allow for flexibility and individual patient differences. Standards are more binding and require a high level of supporting evidence. While guidelines serve as educational tools to improve the quality of practice, standards that outline minimum competency are used more as administrative tools on which to base policy. Barriers to development of clinical guidelines and standards include fear that they will create prescriptive “cookbook” practice, and the distrust that guidelines are developed primarily for cost containment. Clinicians also criticize guidelines developed by academics that don't relate to practice, and those based on evidence that lacks clinical relevance. Conflicting guidelines perceived to be based on strong bias or conflict of interest are also suspect. To reduce barriers to acceptance and implementation, guidelines should be inclusive, patient-centered, and based on a variety of evidence and clinical experience.

Gatterman, Meridel I; Dobson, Thomas P; LeFevbre, Ron

2001-01-01

162

Quality assurance in home care: a diversified organization's approach.  

PubMed

The rapid growth of home care brings with it greater risks and liabilities, making quality assurance increasingly more important. Home Health Services Foundation, Inc., a diverse, multi-corporate structure, developed an effective quality assurance program through communication and information sharing. PMID:10109301

Bohnet, N L; Milanovich, P; Wright, K; Yeadon, B

1991-01-01

163

Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

Vance, L.M.

1993-07-01

164

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

165

Internal Quality Assurance Benchmarking. ENQA Workshop Report 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internal Quality Assurance group of ENQA (IQA Group) has been organising a yearly seminar for its members since 2007. The main objective is to share experiences concerning the internal quality assurance of work processes in the participating agencies. The overarching theme of the 2011 seminar was how to use benchmarking as a tool for…

Blackstock, Douglas; Burquel, Nadine; Comet, Nuria; Kajaste, Matti; dos Santos, Sergio Machado; Marcos, Sandra; Moser, Marion; Ponds, Henri; Scheuthle, Harald; Sixto, Luis Carlos Velon

2012-01-01

166

Democratisation and Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article interprets a particular set of debates on whether quality assurance in South African higher education widens democracy or not. The interpretation explores the extent to which higher education quality assurance fulfils three conditions posited for democracy (inclusion, participation and enhancement), drawing in as points of reference…

Symes, Ashley

2006-01-01

167

Development of quality assurance in radiation therapy in North America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although diagnostic radiology developed rapidly following Roentgen's discovery, limitations on voltage delayed penetrating external radiation therapy until after World War II. Quality assurance has developed in both the USA and Canada in many different institutions. Tolerances for implementation of the prescribed tumor dose have been established. A series of quality assurance procedures for calibration, three dimensional dose distributions, the treatment

John S. Laughlin

1984-01-01

168

An analysis of tolerance levels in IMRT quality assurance procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increased use of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has resulted in increased efforts in patient quality assurance (QA). Software and detector systems intended to streamline the IMRT quality assurance process often report metrics, such as percent discrepancies between measured and computed doses, which can be compared to benchmark or threshold values. The purpose of this work is to examine the

Milton K. Woo; Parminder S. Basran

2008-01-01

169

Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Engineering Education in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a study of the quality assurance and accreditation in the Jordanian higher education sector and focuses mainly on engineering education. It presents engineering education, accreditation and quality assurance in Jordan and considers the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) for a case study. The study highlights the…

Aqlan, Faisal; Al-Araidah, Omar; Al-Hawari, Tarek

2010-01-01

170

Quality Assurance in a School of Dentistry: Getting Started.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Steps in establishment of Indiana University School of Dentistry's quality assurance program included gathering existing information on quality assurance; ascertaining administrative support; appointing a committee; defining terms and setting goals; raising awareness and commitment; designing a patient satisfaction survey; undertaking a chart…

Guba, Christianne J.

1990-01-01

171

A training simulator for quality assurance in biomedical technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computer simulated model of the complex procedures, involving the use of high technology biomedical equipment, ha been developed a an aid for implementation of Quality Assurance in the field of Biomedical Technology. The software package uses effective presentation tools and illustrates, in a comprehensive manner. the basic principles pertaining to Quality Assurance in the clinical setting.

Z. J. Kolitsi; N. Pallikarakis

1992-01-01

172

International Network of Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Guidelines of Good Practice" are specifically addressed to quality and assurance agencies. The purposes of the "Guidelines" is the following: (1) To promote professional development among external quality assurance agencies (EQAAs) and their staff; (2) To be used as part of the criteria in the self and external evaluation of EQAAs; (3) To use…

Harvey, Lee, Ed.

2006-01-01

173

Toward a Quality Assurance Approach to E-Learning Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finding ways to assure the quality of e-learning is an important endeavor. This article identifies eight quality assurance strategies in use at the University of Houston-Clear Lake. The eight strategies are reviews of instructional design, web development, editing, usability and accessibility, maintainability, copyright, infrastructure impact, and…

Kidney, Gary; Cummings, Leslie; Boehm, Azalea

2007-01-01

174

Quality assurance in non-interventional studies  

PubMed Central

Nowadays, drug research and surveillance after authorisation becomes more and more important for several reasons. Non-interventional studies (NIS) investigate various aspects of drug use including efficacy and safety under real life conditions. Such kind of health services research should be on a high scientific, methodological and organisational level. Therefore accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality are highly recommended. The aim of quality management is: first to avoid bias of results by using an appropriate study design and an adequate data analysis, second to assure authenticity, completeness and validity of the data and third to identify and resolve deficiencies at an early stage. Basic principles are laid down in corresponding guidelines and recommendations of authorities, institutes and societies. Various guidelines for good epidemiological practice (GEP) were published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and international and regional societies for epidemiology. In addition in Germany the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) together with the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI) and the German Association of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (VFA) have published respectively recommendations dealing with quality aspects of non-interventional observational studies. Key points are the advanced publishing of information about the project, developing of a study plan/protocol containing the scientific objectives, a sample size justification and a description of the planned analyses and the publishing of a summary of the results timely after completion of the study. The quality of the data can be improved by using standardized case report forms (CRF) and the CRF should be reviewed and tested before start of study by some participants. A source data verification (SDV) should be performed in randomly selected centres – in between 2% and 5% of the centres depending on the number of participating centres. Before start of statistical analysis a statistical analysis plan (SAP) should be created. The use of standardized tables and figures is highly recommended. The basis of the report writing should be the STROBE-statement “Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology Initiative” containing a checklist of 22 points to be covered in the report. The development of own standard operating procedures (SOP) describing the processes during planning, conduct and evaluation of a non-interventional study as well as the quality management and the regular training of all involved people is also highly recommended. All accompanying measures to improve or to keep the quality of the NIS should not violate the concept of non-intervention.

Theobald, Karlheinz; Capan, Muge; Herbold, Marlis; Schinzel, Stefan; Hundt, Ferdinand

2009-01-01

175

Love Canal Monitoring Program. GCA QA/QC (Quality Assurance/Quality Control) Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most important responsibilities of the Love Canal prime contractor was the institution and maintenance of a quality assurance program. An important objective of the quality assurance program was to alert the subcontractors to the importance of ...

1982-01-01

176

Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area: The Emergence of a German Market for Quality Assurance Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most European countries have introduced systematic quality assurance as part of an overall governance reform aimed at enhancing universities' autonomy. Researchers and economic entrepreneurs tend, however, to underestimate the political dimension of accreditation and evaluation when they consider the contribution of quality assurance to the…

Serrano-Velarde, Kathia E.

2008-01-01

177

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

178

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

179

The Award of the PhD Degree in Kenyan Universities: A Quality Assurance Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to bring to the fore the need for enhanced quality assurance processes in the award of PhDs by Kenyan universities. The findings reveal that quality challenges exist in the institutional processes established for the award of this advanced degree across the universities in the country. It is hoped that the findings will stir…

Ayiro, Laban P.; Sang, James K.

2011-01-01

180

Why on earth do surgeons need quality assurance?  

PubMed Central

The article discusses the ways in which surgeons should respond to the growing external and internal pressures for ensuring the quality and appropriateness of surgical treatment. Quality Assurance is defined. Its development in the USA is described and it is debated whether or not a similar system should be introduced into the United Kingdom. The reasons for initiating a system of quality assurance into one health district and the experience so far gained is reported. The problems of quality assurance and some of the solutions are discussed.

Gumpert, J. R.

1988-01-01

181

Quality assurance for polychromatic flow cytometry.  

PubMed

This protocol outlines a three-part quality assurance program to optimize, calibrate and monitor flow cytometers used to measure cells labeled with five or more fluorochromes (a practice known as polychromatic flow cytometry). The initial steps of this program (system optimization) ensure that the instrument's lasers, mirrors and filters are optimally configured for the generation and transmission of multiple fluorescent signals. To determine the sensitivity and dynamic range of each fluorescence detector, the system is then calibrated by measuring fluorescence over a range of photomultiplier tube (PMT) voltages by determining the PMT voltage range and linearity (Steps 2-10) and validating the PMT voltage (Steps 11-17). Finally, to ensure consistent performance, we provide procedures to monitor the precision, accuracy and sensitivity of fluorescence measurements over time. All three aspects of this program should be performed upon installation, or whenever changes occur along the flow cytometer's optical path. However, only a few of these procedures need to be carried out on a routine basis. PMID:17406444

Perfetto, Stephen P; Ambrozak, David; Nguyen, Richard; Chattopadhyay, Pratip; Roederer, Mario

2006-01-01

182

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

183

Preceptor Perceptions of Pharmacy Student Team Quality Assurance Projects  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess preceptors' opinions of the impact of quality assurance projects. Methods Students were given the opportunity to directly apply material learned in class in a “real world” environment by completing a quality assurance project in a community or health-system pharmacy. All preceptors (n = 38) were contacted via telephone and given the opportunity to respond to open-ended questions concerning their experience with student-team quality assurance projects. Results Preceptors indicated the quality assurance projects benefited their practice sites by providing additional resources (53%, n = 19), decreased medication errors (22%, n = 8), and increased awareness of the importance of quality assurance (22%, n = 8). Ninety-four percent of respondents (n = 34) perceived the projects had a positive impact on patient care and 92% (n = 33) perceived a positive impact on themselves. Conclusions Preceptors felt that quality assurance projects performed by pharmacy-student teams were beneficial to patient care, the practice site, and themselves. The quality assurance projects have broad applications and can be added to a medication safety class or to the introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) sequence.

2009-01-01

184

48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408 ...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2013-10-01

185

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246.402 Section...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government...

2013-10-01

186

48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408...

2013-10-01

187

48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 46.402 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government...

2013-10-01

188

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408...

2013-10-01

189

48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.403 Government...

2013-10-01

190

48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between...SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection...Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments...

2013-10-01

191

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Access to quality assurance records...MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records...within the agency. (a) Access to confidential...

2010-07-01

192

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Access to quality assurance records...MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records...within the agency. (a) Access to confidential...

2009-07-01

193

SQA(TM): Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT) has led this SQA (Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar) program to solve the major surface quality problems plaguing the US special quality steel bars and rods industry and their customers, based on crosscutting sensors and controls technologies. Surface defects in steel formed in a hot rolling process are one of the most common quality issues faced

Tzyy-Shuh Chang; Jianjun Shi; Shiyu Zhou

2009-01-01

194

Challenge theme 2: assuring water availability and quality in the 21st century: Chapter 4 in United States--Mexican Borderlands--facing tomorrow’s challenges through USGS science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Along the United States–Mexican border, the health of communities, economies, and ecosystems is inextricably intertwined with the availability and quality of water, but effective water management in the Borderlands is complicated. Water users compete for resources, and their needs are increasing. Managers are faced with issues such as finding a balance between agriculture and rapidly growing cities or maintaining public supplies while ensuring sufficient resources for aquatic ecosystems. In addition to human factors, the dry climate of the Borderlands, as compared to more temperate regions, also increases the challenge of balancing water supplies between humans and ecosystems. Warmer, drier, and more variable conditions across the southwestern United States—the projected results of climate change (Seager and others, 2007)—would further stress water supplies.

Callegary, James; Langeman, Jeff; Leenhouts, Jim; Martin, Peter

2013-01-01

195

A Practical Model Integrating Quality Assurance Into Environmental Monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model of cemprehensive environmental monitoring process with integral quality assurance is presented. This model views the monitoring process as iterative cycles of a series of elements: design, plan, protocols, preparation, field liaison, sample collection, sample handling, laboratory analysis, data transmission, data validation, data approval, data provision, statistical analysis, and reporting. Quality assurance is linked to each element, not just to laboratory analysis. The program of quality assurance ensures that environmental monitoring data are compatible with the project goals, are comparable between various sampling agencies, and maintain a high degree of scientific credibility. The key characteristics of the overall quality assurance process are detailed documentation, timely resolution of problems, regular reporting, and routine independent audits.

Clark, Malcolm J. R.; Whitfield, Paul H.

1993-02-01

196

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

197

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

198

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

199

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

200

BUILDING "BRIDGES" WITH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The papr describes how, rather than building "bridges" across centuries, quality assurance (QA) personnel have the opportunity to build bridges across technical disciplines, between public and private organizations, and between different QA groups. As reviewers and auditors of a...

201

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

202

Quality Assurance Model of Operative Mortality in Coronary Artery Surgery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality assurance in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery requires a comparison of operative mortality against an accepted standard of care. Raw mortality statistics are unacceptable in this context, and risk factor analysis is essential. Howeve...

F. H. Edwards G. M. Graeber M. Barry R. Zajtchuk R. A. Albus

1989-01-01

203

VendorQualityAssurance 5.04.doc  

Cancer.gov

NCI-Frederick VENDOR QUALITY ASSURANCE Date: Receiving Facility: Contact Name and Phone #: Investigator: Species/ Strain: Vendor Name: Vendor Contact: Date Received: Order Number: Please respond to the following questions and

204

Quality Assurance Aspects of the Environmental Code NECTAR.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the quality assurance (QA) procedures which have been adopted in respect of the Environment code NECTAR (Nuclear Environmental Consequences, Transport of Activity and Risks). These procedures involve the verification, validation and ...

H. F. Macdonald S. Nair R. A. Mascall

1986-01-01

205

Quality assurance and data collection -- Electronic Data Transfer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Radiological Environmental Monitoring (REM) group at the Fernald Environmental Management Project is involved in an Electronic Data Transfer practice that will result in the improved quality assurance of collected data. This practice focuses on electr...

L. M. Tomczak W. G. Lohner E. C. Ray J. A. Salesky H. B. Spitz

1993-01-01

206

Initial Assessment of TxDOT Binder Quality Assurance Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Most state departments of transportation (DOT) maintain asphalt binder quality assurance (QA) programs to ensure that asphalt binders used in the construction of their road system meet specifications stipulated for each project. TxDOT samples and approves...

A. Epps C. Spiegelman E. Park E. Arambula T. Ahmed

2001-01-01

207

Assessment of the TxDOT Binder Quality Assurance Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Most state departments of transportation (DOTs) maintain asphalt quality assurance (QA) programs to ensure that asphalt binders used in the construction of their road system meet specifications stipulated for each project. The Texas Department of Transpor...

A. E. Martin E. S. Park E. Arambula C. Spiegelman

2003-01-01

208

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

209

Establishment of Quality Assurance Requirements for Trinitroresorcinol (Styphnic Acid).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The properties of trinitroresorcinol (styphnic acid) of interest for the establishment of quality assurance requirements were investigated. The following characteristics of samples obtained from 5 different sources were studied; appearance, moisture by ov...

G. Norwitz M. Galan

1969-01-01

210

Inspection and Other Strategies for Assuring Quality in Government Construction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses construction quality and current practices for its assurance, highlighting the role of inspection. Chapter 2 presents the underlying principles and definitions the committee adopted for their discussions. Chapter 3 describes inspectio...

W. B. Ledbetter A. C. Lemer

1991-01-01

211

78 FR 37850 - Quality Assurance Program Requirements (Operations)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington...Certifications, and Approvals for Nuclear Power Plants.'' Both sections...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants,'' which, in...

2013-06-24

212

Quality-Assurance Plan (RADL Item 1-2).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality assurance responsibilities of Solar Facilities Design Integration, Rocketdyne, Stearns-Roger, and McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company are stated. Policies and procedures for management and planning, design and development, procurement, manufact...

1979-01-01

213

Software quality assurance plan for PORFLOW-3D.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This plan describes the steps taken by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Subsurface and Environmental Modeling Unit personnel to implement software quality assurance procedures for the PORFLOW-3D computer code. PORFLOW-3D was used to conduct radio...

S. J. Maheras

1993-01-01

214

Management of Government Quality Assurance Functions for NASA Contracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minim...

1993-01-01

215

Flexible optical metrology strategies for the control and quality assurance of small series production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand for achieving smaller and more flexible production series with a considerable diversity of products complicates the control of the manufacturing tasks, leading to big challenges for the quality assurance systems. The quality assurance strategy that is nowadays used for mass production is unable to cope with the inspection flexibility needed among automated small series production, because the measuring strategy is totally dependent on the fixed features of the few manufactured object variants and on process parameters that can be controlled/compensated during production time. The major challenge faced by a quality assurance system applied to small series production facilities is to guarantee the needed quality level already at the first run, and therefore, the quality assurance system has to adapt itself constantly to the new manufacturing conditions. The small series production culture requires a change of paradigms, because its strategies are totally different from mass production. This work discusses the tight inspection requirements of small series production and presents flexible metrology strategies based on optical sensor data fusion techniques, agent-based systems as well as cognitive and self-optimised systems for assuring the needed quality level of flexible small series. Examples of application scenarios are provided among the automated assembly of solid state lasers and the flexible inspection of automotive headlights.

Schmitt, R.; Pavim, A.

2009-06-01

216

DOE standard: Quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters  

SciTech Connect

This standard establishes essential elements for the quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters by US Department of Energy (DOE)-accepted Filter Test Facilities (FTF). The standard specifies HEPA filter quality assurance inspection and testing practices established in DOE-STD-3022-98, DOE HEPA Filter Test Program, and provides a basis for the preparation of written operating procedures for primary FTF functions.

NONE

1999-02-01

217

Quality assurance as a managerial innovation: a research perspective.  

PubMed Central

Quality assurance is defined and concepts from innovation theory are applied to the study of quality assurance programs. Two distinct although not mutually exclusive perspectives on innovation are considered--the diffusion perspective, focusing on the innovation itself and its implementation, and the adoption perspective, highlighting factors characteristic of the adoption unit (i.e., the organization or individuals within it) that facilitate or impede the adoption process. Directions for future research are suggested.

Kaluzny, A D

1982-01-01

218

Near-facility environmental monitoring quality assurance project plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near facility environmental monitoring performed by Waste Management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations and supersedes WHC-EP-0538-2. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by waste management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations in implementing facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site.

McKinney, S.M.

1997-11-24

219

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-03-12

220

A quality assurance plan for an epidural analgesia program.  

PubMed

A midwestern community hospital established an Acute Pain Service to implement epidural analgesia on the general care units. It developed a multidisciplinary quality assurance plan using the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' 10-step monitoring and evaluation process. Quality assurance monitors provided information regarding important aspects of care. Data collected from the monitors enabled nurses and other disciplines to make decisions and changes about the growing epidural analgesia program. PMID:2052412

Williams, N H; Neaton, M; Myers, S

1991-01-01

221

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of the individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans.

Frazier, T.P.

1994-10-20

222

Modified aerospace reliability and quality assurance method for wind turbines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety, reliability, and quality assurance (SR&QA) approach developed for the first large wind turbine generator project is described. The SR&QA approach was used to assure that the machine would not be hazardous to the public or operating personnel, would operate unattended on a utility grid, would demonstrate reliable operation and would help establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. A modified failure modes and effects analysis during the design phase, minimal hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation were presented.

Klein, W. E.

1980-01-01

223

Automated Feedback for Quality Assurance in Software Engineering Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the use of automated testing tools for improving the quality of programs produced by software engineering students. Our approach to software quality assurance utilizes open source, professional software engineering tools to measure a number of quality attributes. Programming assignments are designed and the tools configured to provide timely, formative feedback to students. Evaluation of over 450 student

Rachel Cardell-Oliver; Lu Zhang; Rieky Barady; You Hai Lim; Asad Naveed; Terry Woodings

2010-01-01

224

Strategic Planning and Quality Assurance in the Bologna Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning and quality management have been developed independently of each other, but they meet in practice in many kinds of organisations. Strategic planning and quality assurance integrate different aspects of higher education institutions (HEIs) to ensure high-quality educational outcomes. This paper investigates the role of these two…

Kettunen, Juha; Kantola, Mauri

2007-01-01

225

Assuring Quality in Large-Scale Online Course Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student demand for online education requires colleges and universities to rapidly expand the number of courses and programs offered online while maintaining high quality. This paper outlines two universities respective processes to assure quality in large-scale online programs that integrate instructional design, eBook custom publishing, Quality

Parscal, Tina; Riemer, Deborah

2010-01-01

226

Quality Assurance on the Road: Finland and Austria in Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ongoing necessity for quality and quality assurance in the entire Bologna process remains one of the main issues for European policy makers. The aims of creating comparable systems and of guaranteeing quality within higher education systems are the reasons for national developments and the eagerness to reform. The situation in two relatively…

Bernhard, Andrea

2011-01-01

227

Uniform Federal Policy For Quality Assurance Project Plans. Part 2B, Quality Assurance/Quality Control Compendium: Minimum QA/QC Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quality Assurance/Quality Control Compendium (QA/QC Compendium) has been prepared by the Intergovernmental Data Quality Task Force (IDQTF) to supplement Part 1 of the Uniform Federal Policy for Quality Assurance Project Plans (the UFP-QAPP Manual). T...

2004-01-01

228

Recommendations of the workshop group on quality assurance for hake  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recognizing the critical relationship between hake product quality (Merluccius spp., Merluccidae), consumer satisfaction, and industry benefits, the participants in the workshop on hake quality have developed\\u000a a set of guidelines for improving market opportunities for hake products. These recommendations are based on the principles\\u000a of quality assurance — a comprehensive approach to quality control designed to manage hake quality throughout

Gilbert Sylvia; Enrique Bertullo; Joachim Werner

229

Quality assurance and quality control in the laboratory andrology  

PubMed Central

Quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) are fundamental aspects of any laboratory measurement. However, in comparison with other medical disciplines, the need for QA and QC in laboratory andrology has been recognized only recently. Furthermore, there is evidence that the effort required to undertake QA and QC has not been wholly welcomed by some clinicians. Nevertheless, accrediting bodies and regulatory authorities increasingly require evidence that laboratories have effective QA and QC measures in place because both are central to the quality management processes. Following the publication of the 5th edition of the World Health Organization Laboratory Manual, existing QA and QC systems will need to be updated to take into account some of the methodological changes recommended by the manual. Three of these are discussed in this commentary; they relate to: (i) the move to infer semen volume from its weight; (ii) the re-classification of sperm motility grades from four to three; and (iii) the publication of a lower reference limit for morphology of 4% (with a corresponding 95% confidence interval of 3%–4%). The importance of QA and QC in all laboratory tests, including up and coming new tests to assess sperm DNA integrity, is discussed. The need for adequate initial training and continuing professional development programmes to support laboratory scientists performing andrology is also described.

Pacey, Allan A.

2010-01-01

230

External Quality Assurance Program for PCR Amplification of Genomic DNA: An Italian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: External quality assurance (EQA) pro- grams for diagnostic tests based on nucleic acid ampli- fication have not been widely implemented in clinical laboratories and remain limited to few tests. Develop- ment of specific EQA programs based on application- based proficiency testing for any diagnostic molecular target is challenging. Development of EQA trials based on methodologic proficiency testing and directed

Claudia Casini Raggi; Pamela Pinzani; Angelo Paradiso; Mario Pazzagli; Claudio Orlando

2003-01-01

231

Implementation guide for Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This implementation guide for the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) was developed by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Waste Management Division, Analytical Services Branch. This plan formally presents RL`s direction for Hanford Sitewide implementation of the HASQAP. The HASQAP establishes a uniform standard for quality requirements to meet US Department of Energy Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance (10 CFR 830.120, ``Quality Assurance Requirements``), and is intended to satisfy the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) requirements for ``Guidance on Preparation of Laboratory Quality Assurance Plans``. The quality assurance criteria specified in the HASQAP shall serve as a baseline for implementing quality management systems for the laboratories that provide analytical services, for data requesters and users, and for oversight organizations that monitor the data-generation process. Affected organizations shall implement the HASQAP requirements that are applicable to their work scope. Full implementation of the HASQAP is scheduled to occur by August 1995. RL will work with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) to have the HASQAP document incorporated into Appendix F of the Tri-Party Agreement by early Fiscal Year 1996.

Not Available

1994-09-01

232

MIND YOUR PDQs: Quality Assurance for OPUS Pipeline Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

OPUS (OSS-PODPS Unified System) at STScI manages the HST data processing pipeline which formats the data into usable products and calibrates the science data. Data quality assessment is performed for all science data and stored in keywords written to the Procedural Data Quality (PDQ) files. The PDQ keyword QUALITY and QUALCOM lines are displayed through STARVIEW. The majority of observations (>85%) are now automatically assessed for procedural data quality without human intervention. OPUS Astronomers assess the quality of all target acquisitions, onboard and interactive, and investigate observations that have been flagged due to anomalies such as guide star failures, shortened exposures, etc. If a problem occurs that may have degraded the utility of an observation, OPUS Astronomers report the nature of the problem via an HST Observation Exception report to the PI and STScI staff for further investigation. Examples of OPUS products will presented. Maintaining the level of quality assurance for such a large and growing flood of data represents a unique challenge. The new OPUS pipeline includes many processing steps which are distributed across several workstations. It has been designed to diminish bottlenecks and to increase the processing flexibility for new instrument data. The pipeline processing load has increased 10 fold since launch (April 1990) while OPUS has maintained a 48 hour or less (3 sigma) delivery to the HST Archive. The majority of the data has completed pipeline processing within 2 to 3 hours upon receipt in OPUS. A brief description of managing the pipeline will be discussed, highlighting the instruments currently onboard HST.

Steinberg, D. J.; Hart, H. M.; Scott, J.; Parsons, S.; Ellis, T.; Fraquelli, D.; Hamilton, F.; Kenny, D.; Kochte, M.; Giovane, E.; Rawley, L.

1998-05-01

233

Renewing Quality Assurance at a Time of Turbulence: An Attempt to Reenergise Quality in Australian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The renewal of quality assurance in Australian higher education comes at a time when the higher education sectors in Australia and around the world are experiencing a number of key challenges. These include: ongoing decline in public funding of universities; the massification of higher education and demand for it during global recession;…

Shah, Mahsood; Nair, Chenicheri Sid

2011-01-01

234

Quality assurance program plan for SNF characterization support project  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project. This QAPP has been developed specifically for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project, per Letter of Instruction (LOI) from Duke Engineering and Services Company, letter No. DESH-9655870, dated Nov. 22, 1996. It applies to those items and tasks which affect the completion of activities identified in the work breakdown structure of the Project Management Plan (PMP) and LOI. These activities include installation of sectioning equipment and furnace, surface and subsurface examinations, sectioning for metallography, and element drying and conditioning testing, as well as project related operations within the 327 facility as it relates to the specific activities of this project. General facility activities are covered in other appropriate QA-PPS. In addition, this QAPP supports the related quality assurance activities addressed in CM-2-14, Hazardous Material Packaging and Shipping,1261 and HSRCM-1, Hanford Site Radiological Control Manual. The 327 Building is currently transitioning from being a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) managed facility to a Babcock and Wilcox Hanford Company (BVMC) managed facility. During this transition process existing procedures and documents will be utilized until replaced by BVMC procedures and documents. These documents conform to the requirements found in PNL-MA-70, Quality Assurance Manual and PNL-MA-8 1, Hazardous Materials Shipping Manual. The Quality Assurance Program Index (QAPI) contained in Table 1 provides a matrix which shows how project activities relate to IO CFR 830.120 and 5700.6C criteria. Quality Assurance program requirements will be addressed separate from the requirements specified in this document. Other Hanford Site organizations/companies may be utilized in support of this project and the subject organizations are to implement applicable Quality Assurance requirements consistent with this QAPP.

Tanke, J.M.

1997-05-22

235

The Quality Education Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to implement W. Edwards Deming's Total Quality Management (TQM) principles in education and transform school systems into world-class, quality learning environments have proved somewhat disappointing. This book asserts that educators need a way to translate the ideas about corporate quality for adaptation and use in schools. The "missing…

Downey, Carolyn J.; And Others

236

Quality assurance in the course of fabrication of lwr fuel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high quality level of LWR fuel elements can only be assured by a system of Quality Assurance measures purposefully designed, balanced, and appropriately applied. This includes application of and the appropriate balance between both system and product oriented measures. A prerequisite to the establishment of these measures is a precise analysis of the various influences of the individual process steps on the quality characteristics of the starting materials, semi-finished and finished products. In addition, these characteristics require classification criteria relative to their significance. Tne described classification is used to establish sampling plans and to disposition non-conformances. Tne EXXON Nuclear Quality Assurance system which is based on these principles is described and illustrated with some examples.

Dressler, G.; Perry, J. A.

1982-04-01

237

2011 SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The Software Quality Assurance engineer position was created in fiscal year 2011 to better maintain and improve the quality of the SAPHIRE 8 development program. This year's Software Quality Assurance tasks concentrated on developing the framework of the SQA program. This report reviews the accomplishments and recommendations for each of the subtasks set forth for JCN V6059: (1) Reviews, Tests, and Code Walkthroughs; (2) Data Dictionary; (3) Metrics; (4) Requirements Traceability Matrix; (5) Provide Oversight on SAPHIRE QA Activities; and (6) Support NRC Presentations and Meetings.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

238

Provision and quality assurance of preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is now well established and provided in many European countries. However, regulations, professional standards and accreditation requirements can differ notably. Furthermore, no comprehensive independent data exist either about practice and provision in Europe or about the quality assurance practices and procedures designed to optimize the quality of the results. Consequently, a study was launched to obtain

Anniek Corveleyn; Michael A Morris; Elisabeth Dequeker; Karen Sermon; James Lawford Davies; Guillermo Antiñolo; Andreas Schmutzler; Jiri Vanecek; Nick Nagels; Eleni Zika; Francesc Palau; Dolores Ibarreta

2008-01-01

239

Quality Assurance in Dietetic Services Workshop for the Dietetic Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop guide is a unit of study for teaching dietetic assistants to work with quality control in a nursing home or hospital. The objective of the unit is to enable the students to develop and expand a dietetic services administrative and clinical quality assurance program in his or her own institution. Following the unit objective, the unit…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

240

Quality Assurance Systems, TQM, and the New Collegialism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the application of the International Organization for Standards's ISO9000 quality assurance standard and Total Quality Management (TQM) to higher education in light of the "new collegialism." It defines the basic elements of ISO9000 and TQM, reviews the strengths and weaknesses of both approaches, and notes efforts to…

Harvey, Lee

241

Kvalitetssaekring Inom Byggomradet (Quality Assurance in the Building Product Industry).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a review of the Quality Assurance concept, with applications in the building process. The purpose of this report is to give some information about the concept, and a contribution to further development of quality activities in the building p...

L. Agardh

1986-01-01

242

Assuring Quality in Higher Education: The New Zealand Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the expansion of higher education across the globe in response to the creation of knowledge economies and learning societies, governments have become increasingly interested in ensuring value for money from their investments. In determining their comparative economic advantage, nation states have increasingly focused on the ?quality' of their education provision and knowledge production. Quality assurance has become standard practice

ANNIE WEIR

243

Technical Editing as Quality Assurance: Adding Value to Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews typical software testing activities and then compares those activities to technical editing activities. Shows that by providing quality assurance through content editing, technical editors add value to the information development process and help give users the quality content they deserve. Concludes that product information must go…

Corbin, Michelle; Moell, Pat; Boyd Mike

2002-01-01

244

Mixed Waste Integrated Program Quality Assurance requirements plan  

SciTech Connect

Mixed Waste Integrated Program (MWIP) is sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Technology Development, Waste Management Division. The strategic objectives of MWIP are defined in the Mixed Waste Integrated Program Strategic Plan, and expanded upon in the MWIP Program Management Plan. This MWIP Quality Assurance Requirement Plan (QARP) applies to mixed waste treatment technologies involving both hazardous and radioactive constituents. As a DOE organization, MWIP is required to develop, implement, and maintain a written Quality Assurance Program in accordance with DOE Order 4700.1 Project Management System, DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, DOE Order 5820.2A Radioactive Waste Management, ASME NQA-1 Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities and ANSI/ASQC E4-19xx Specifications and Guidelines for Quality Systems for Environmental Data Collection and Environmental Technology Programs. The purpose of the MWIP QA program is to establish controls which address the requirements in 5700.6C, with the intent to minimize risks and potential environmental impacts; and to maximize environmental protection, health, safety, reliability, and performance in all program activities. QA program controls are established to assure that each participating organization conducts its activities in a manner consistent with risks posed by those activities.

Not Available

1994-04-15

245

The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has monitored groundwater on the Hanford Site since the 1940s to help determine what chemical and radiological contaminants have made their way into the groundwater. As regulatory requirements for monitoring increased in the 1980s, there began to be some overlap between various programs. DOE established the Groundwater Performance Assessment Project (groundwater project) in 1996 to ensure protection of the public and the environment while improving the efficiency of monitoring activities. The groundwater project is designed to support all groundwater monitoring needs at the site, eliminate redundant sampling and analysis, and establish a cost-effective hierarchy for groundwater monitoring activities. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project. This QA Plan is based on the QA requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--General Provisions/Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the groundwater project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The groundwater project has determined that the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Luttrell, Stuart P.

2006-05-11

246

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...recent registration under ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i) With the application...proceed in accordance with ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality...

2013-07-01

247

Trading Quality across Borders: Colonial Discourse and International Quality Assurance Policies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability and quality assurance have become central discourses in higher education policy throughout the world. However, accountability and quality assurance involve power and control. Practices and ideas about quality developed in the Global North are spreading rapidly across the Global South, leading to increased uniformity in the…

Blanco Ramírez, Gerardo

2014-01-01

248

External analytical quality assurance for proteins.  

PubMed

In the Nordic Protein Project an external control scheme (external quality assessment) was combined with the two other indispensable aspects of analytical quality, i.e. standardization (with a common high quality calibrator) and specification of needed analytical quality for sharing common reference intervals for nine serum proteins in the Nordic countries. The quality specifications are reliable for the purpose and given in clinical chemical terms--ready for application to the control systems. Further, a control design for disclosing external and internal errors, separately, is designed with respect to calibration and robustness towards analytical interference from turbid patient samples. PMID:7974854

Petersen, P H; Blaabjerg, O; Irjala, K; Icén, A; Bjøro, K

1993-01-01

249

A method for evaluating quality assurance needs in radiation therapy.  

PubMed

The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed. PMID:18406920

Huq, M Saiful; Fraass, Benedick A; Dunscombe, Peter B; Gibbons, John P; Ibbott, Geoffrey S; Medin, Paul M; Mundt, Arno; Mutic, Sassa; Palta, Jatinder R; Thomadsen, Bruce R; Williamson, Jeffrey F; Yorke, Ellen D

2008-01-01

250

Production, quality and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs).  

PubMed

This contribution describes characterization, classification, production, application and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs) that are increasingly used in a wide range of co-incineration plants. It is shown in this paper, that the fuel-parameter, i.e. net calorific value [MJ/kg(OS)], particle size d(90) or d(95) [mm], impurities [w%], chlorine content [w%], sulfur content [w%], fluorine content [w%], ash content [w%], moisture [w%] and heavy metals content [mg/kg(DM)], can be preferentially used for the classification of different types of RDF applied for co-incineration and substitution of fossil-fuel in different industial sectors. Describing the external production of RDF by processing and confectioning of wastes as well as internal processing of waste at the incineration plant, a case study is reported on the application of RDF made out of different household waste fractions in a 120,000t/yr Waste to Energy (WtE) circulating fluidized bed (CFB) incinerator. For that purpose, delivered wastes, as well as incinerator feedstock material (i.e. after internal waste processing) are extensively investigated. Starting with elaboration of sampling plan in accordance with the relevant guidelines and standards, waste from different suppliers was sampled. Moreover, manual sorting analyses and chemical analyses were carried out. Finally, results of investigations are presented and discussed in the paper. PMID:23746983

Sarc, R; Lorber, K E

2013-09-01

251

Quality Assurance in Publication Processes of Environmental Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a researcher the publication of his work is a very important part for building up his reputation. At the moment this is mainly done by producing written publications, but the publication of raw data will become more important in the coming years. Actually there are some problems especially how to ensure the quality of this data. Besides a thorough review of the metadata the primary data itself has to be quality assured as well. In the project "Publikation Umweltdaten" (Publication of Environmental Data) standard procedures for publishing raw data and the homogenization of metadata are developed. A focus is set on quality assurance procedures for the metadata and the data itself. For this purpose the web-based workflow software "Atarrabi" has been developed, which supports the publication agent at the data centre as well as the author to review the metadata. It also documents the quality assurance procedures. For the latter the project provides an R package, named "qat", to help the scientist to perform and document quality checks on the primary data. Both, Atarrabi and qat, have been made publicly available. This contribution will give an insight into the work of the project and its implications for the future of data publication. It will present the developed software solutions and procedures and shows, which opportunities lay in quality assured publication of environmental data.

Düsterhus, A.; Quadt, F.; Höck, H.; Stockhause, M.; Toussaint, F.; Dames, M.; Lautenschlager, M.; Hense, A. V.; Hense, A. N.

2012-04-01

252

Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

1993-01-01

253

Quality assurance management plan (QAPP) special analytical support (SAS)  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data.

LOCKREM, L.L.

1999-05-20

254

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

255

[From clinical practice guidelines towards quality assurance].  

PubMed

Clinical practice guidelines have been introduced to assist decision making at the bedside of individual patients. Guidelines are also increasingly regarded as being an indispensable part of professional quality systems. Guidelines are important tools to improve knowledge-management, processes and outcomes in healthcare. They aim to assist professional and patient decisions especially in those areas of healthcare where considerable variation or potential for improvement exist and they can provide a foundation for assessing and evaluating the quality and effectiveness of healthcare in terms of measuring processes and outcomes. Quality indicators or performance measures based on guideline recommendations are necessary to evaluate the usefulness of guidelines and the appropriateness of healthcare delivery. Guideline recommendations are the tools for healthcare professionals to develop strategies for quality improvement in case deviations from desired processes or outcomes are identified by the measurement of quality indicators. PMID:21290269

Kopp, I B

2011-02-01

256

Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Quality Assurance Requirements Document defines the quality assurance program requirements for the US Department of Energy-Richland Field Office Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program at the Hanford Site. This paper describes the objectives outlined in DOE/RL 90-28. The Environmental Restoration Remedial Action Program implements significant commitments made by the US Department of Energy in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order entered into with the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Environmental Protection Agency. 18 refs.

Cote, R.F.

1991-09-01

257

200 Area Liquid Effluent Facilities -- Quality assurance program plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance and management controls used by the 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facilities (LEF) to perform its activities in accordance with DOE Order 5700.6C. The 200 Area LEF consists of the following facilities: Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF); Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF); Liquid Effluent Retention facility (LERF); and Truck Loading Facility -- (Project W291). The intent is to ensure that all activities such as collection of effluents, treatment, concentration of secondary wastes, verification, sampling and disposal of treated effluents and solids related with the LEF operations, conform to established requirements.

Fernandez, L.

1995-03-13

258

Quality assurance in the Antares laser fusion construction project  

SciTech Connect

The Antares CO/sub 2/ laser facility came on line in November 1983 as an experimental physics facility; it is the world's largest CO/sub 2/ laser fusion system. Antares is a major component of the Department of Energy's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. Antares is a one-of-a-kind laser system that is used in an experimental environment. Given limited project funds and tight schedules, the quality assurance program was tailored to achieve project goals without imposing oppressive constraints. The discussion will review the Antares quality assurance program and the utility of various portions to completion of the project.

Reichelt, W.H.

1984-01-01

259

Development of quality assurance methods for epoxy graphite prepreg  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy/prepregs were developed. Liquid chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, and gel permeation chromatography were investigated. These methods were applied to a second prepreg system. The resin matrix formulation was correlated with mechanical properties. Dynamic mechanical analysis and fracture toughness methods were investigated. The chromatography and calorimetry techniques were all successfully developed as quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy prepregs. The liquid chromatography method was the most sensitive to changes in resin formulation. The were also successfully applied to the second prepreg system.

Chen, J. S.; Hunter, A. B.

1982-01-01

260

Quality assurance reviews: how they differ from peer reviews.  

PubMed

Research papers and reports written by scientists and engineers in the United States Environmental Protection Agency are reviewed by the agency's quality assurance staff. EPA papers and reports are subjected to peer reviews that check for the validity of conclusions and the general agreement with the body of technical knowledge in the subject area. Quality assurance reviews differ from peer reviews in that the focus of the quality assurance review is on the following criteria: Consistency: Were reasonable and consistent units of measurement and generally acceptable formulas used throughout? Are the appropriate number of significant figures reported? Correctness: Were matrix-compatible methods used? Were measurements within the working range of the method? Can measurements be traced to a recognized standard or source (e.g., the National Institute of Standards and Technology)? Can calculations be verified, starting from representative raw data and proceeding to the summary data presented in the paper or report? Coherence: Do the stated conclusions follow from the data presented? Are the assumptions clearly stated? Are inconsistencies between data and conclusions discussed? Clarity: Are special terms and acronyms defined? Can a person with a general technical background in the subject understand the paper or report? Conformance: Did the study follow the test/quality assurance plan, with appropriate calibrations and other quality-control checks, audits, and data validations? If not, is there a discussion of problems? Concordance: Were data quality objectives met? Were the data quality indicator goals achieved for precision, accuracy, representativeness, comparability, and completeness? The importance of these quality assurance review criteria are discussed along with examples from current work. PMID:10386330

Adams, N H

1998-01-01

261

Role of quality assurance in space-based optical systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The key responsibility of the quality assurance organization is to assess and eliminate the potential sources of error which are an ever-present threat to quality and reliability. A guiding principle in this process is that human error is a constant, and that controlling it requires a systematic approach. It is essential to control work operations and manufacturing processes as well as inspections and tests. Work operations include design, materials procurement, vendor liaison, configuration control and packaging. This is the distinction between quality assurance and quality control. Q.C. is a check of the product. Q.A. is a check of the entire system that produces quality, from design to fabrication to shipping and installation. Q.C. is measurement quantification. Q.A. is conceptual, organizational. But the planners who saw the need for formalized Q.A. systems had more on their minds than the complexity of modern weapons systems. They were worried about human nature too.

Hertzog, Stephen P.

1993-12-01

262

42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...utilization management, quality assurance, and medication...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements...management program, quality assurance measures...incentives to reduce costs when medically...

2010-10-01

263

42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...utilization management, quality assurance, and medication...PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements...management program, quality assurance measures...incentives to reduce costs when medically...

2009-10-01

264

Using the Results of Contractor-Performed Tests in Quality Assurance. Research Results Digest 323.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The construction quality assurance process is comprised of process (quality) control, acceptance, and independent assurance procedures. Traditionally, contractors are responsible for their quality control, and state departments of transportation (DOTs) ar...

2007-01-01

265

HANDBOOK: QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations for hazardous waste incineration require trial burns by permit applicants. uality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) must accompany a trial burn plan with appropriate quality assurance/quality control procedures. uidance on the prepa...

266

Quality Assurance Plan for Inorganic Water Quality Assessment in Alaska Refuges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The USFWS Water Resources Branch (WRB) in Anchorage, Alaska, collects water quality and quantity data within national wildlife refuges of Alaska to protect fish and wildlife habitat and the natural biodiversity of aquatic resources. This quality assurance...

A. Peck

2004-01-01

267

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. The document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic dr...

268

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. he document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic drai...

269

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES. Project Summary  

EPA Science Inventory

It is generally agreed that both quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) are essential to the proper installation and eventual performance of environmentally safe and secure waste containment systems. Even further, there are both manufacturing and construction aspects to...

270

Quality assurance in digital dental imaging: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives. Doses induced by individual dental examinations are low. However, dental radiography accounts for nearly one third of the total number of radiological examinations in the European Union. Therefore, special attention is needed with regard to radiation protection. In order to lower patient doses, the staff performing dental examinations must have competence in imaging as well as in radiation protection issues. This paper presents a systematic review about the core competencies needed by the healthcare staff in performing digital dental radiological imaging quality assurance. Materials and methods. The following databases were searched: Pubmed, Cinahl, Pro Quest and IEEXplore digital library. Also volumes of some dental imaging journals and doctoral theses of the Finnish universities educating dentists were searched. The search was performed using both MeSH terms and keywords using the option 'search all text'. The original keywords were: dental imaging, digital, x-ray, panoramic, quality, assurance, competence, competency, skills, knowledge, radiographer, radiologist technician, dentist, oral hygienist, radiation protection and their Finnish synonyms. Results. Core competencies needed by the healthcare staff performing digital dental radiological imaging quality assurance described in the selected studies were: management of dental imaging equipment, competence in image quality and factors associated with it, dose optimization and quality assurance. Conclusions. In the future there will be higher doses in dental imaging due to increasing use of CBCT and digital imaging. The staff performing dental imaging must have competence in dental imaging quality assurance issues found in this review. They also have to practice ethical radiation safety culture in clinical practice. PMID:24074393

Metsälä, Eija; Henner, Anja; Ekholm, Marja

2014-07-01

271

Assuring information quality in Web service composition  

Microsoft Academic Search

As organizations have begun increasingly to communicate and interact with consumers via the Web, so the information quality (IQ) of their offerings has become a central issue since it ensures service usability and utility for each visitor and, in addition, improves server utilization. In this article, we present an IQ-enable Web service architecture, IQEWS, by introducing a IQ broker module

Ying Su; Jie Peng; Zhanming Jin

2008-01-01

272

SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance Software Metrics Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review of software metrics is to examine the quality of the metrics gathered in the 2010 IV&V and to set an outline for results of updated metrics runs to be performed. We find from the review that the maintenance of accepted quality standards presented in the SAPHIRE 8 initial Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) of April, 2010 is most easily achieved by continuing to utilize the tools used in that effort while adding a metric of bug tracking and resolution. Recommendations from the final IV&V were to continue periodic measurable metrics such as McCabe's complexity measure to ensure quality is maintained. The four software tools used to measure quality in the IV&V were CodeHealer, Coverage Validator, Memory Validator, Performance Validator, and Thread Validator. These are evaluated based on their capabilities. We attempted to run their latest revisions with the newer Delphi 2010 based SAPHIRE 8 code that has been developed and was successful with all of the Validator series of tools on small tests. Another recommendation from the IV&V was to incorporate a bug tracking and resolution metric. To improve our capability of producing this metric, we integrated our current web reporting system with the SpiraTest test management software purchased earlier this year to track requirements traceability.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-08-01

273

Quality Assurance in Noncredit Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains the Quality Standards for Noncredit Continuing Education Programs developed by a task force sponsored by the Ohio Board of Regents. The task force included continuing educators from Ohio's colleges and universities as well as educators from related areas, including vocational education and private industry. (These standards…

Ohio Continuing Higher Education Association.

274

Copyright and the Assurance of Quality Courseware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues related to the illegal copying or piracy of educational software in the schools and its potential effect on quality software availability are discussed. Copyright violation is examined as a reason some software producers may be abandoning the school software market. An explanation of what the copyright allows and prohibits in terms of…

Helm, Virginia M.

275

Running around in Circles: Quality Assurance Reforms in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the implementation of a quality assurance system in Georgia as a particular case of "Bologna transplant" in a transitioning country. In particular, the article discusses to what extent new concepts, institutions and models framed as "European" have been institutionalised in Georgia. Based on an outcome…

Jibladze, Elene

2013-01-01

276

A Study on Service Quality Assurance in Mobile Commerce  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advanced mobile technologies, mobile commerce has developed rapidly. However, mobile commerce users may not gain satisfactory services. It is necessary to study how to evaluate and assure the service quality in mobile commerce, so as to promote mobile commerce develop better. This paper put forward the service system of mobile commerce, and then summarizes the methodology of service

Lifang Peng; Lingling Lai

2009-01-01

277

Quality Assurance and Statistics. High-Technology Training Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This high technology quality assurance and statistics training module is a part of the statistics unit for an algebra I or algebra II course. This module fits into high school math classes in which students compute and display measures of central tendency and variability. The module contains a description, objectives, and content outline--phase I…

Wirsbinski, William

278

Participation in Quality Assurance Programs in the Apple Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are several quality assurance (QA) programs operating in Australia for horticulturalists. The documentation of orchard activities and decision making are key features of any QA system. Activities of interest are management of pest and diseases, irrigation, fertiliser management, and fruit production and packing. This documentation provides a means of tracing product flow and is evidence that growers are acting

Denise Bewsell; Geoff Kaine

2006-01-01

279

Patient dosimetry quality assurance program with a commerical diode system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to evaluate a commercial silicone diode dosimeter for a patient dosimetry quality assurance program. The diode dosimeter was calibrated against an ion chamber, and percentage depth dose, linearity, anisotrophy, virtual source position, and field size factor studies were performed. Correction factors for lack of full scatter medium in the diode entrance and exit dose measurements were acquired.

Plato C. Lee; Joanna M. Sawicka; Glenn P. Glasgow

1994-01-01

280

Assuring Quality Control of Clinical Education in Multiple Clinical Affiliates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A plan was developed to assure equivalency of clinical education among the medical laboratory technician (MLT) programs affiliated with Sandhills Community College. The plan was designed by faculty to monitor the quality of clinical courses offered by the clinical affiliates. The major strategies were to develop competencies, slide/tape modules, a…

Davis, Judith A.

281

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must use Q...

282

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must...

283

Near Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by U.S. Department of Energy Order 5400.1 (DOE 1990) as a part of the Environmental Monitoring Plan (DOE-RL 1997) and is used to define: Environmental measurement and sampling locations used to monitor environmental contaminants near active and inactive facilities and waste storage and disposal sites; Procedures and equipment needed to perform the measurement and sampling; Frequency and analyses required for each measurement and sampling location; Minimum detection level and accuracy; Quality assurance components; and Investigation levels. Near-facility environmental monitoring for the Hanford Site is conducted in accordance with the requirements of U.S. Department of Energy Orders 5400.1 (DOE 1990), 5400.5 (DOE 1993), 5484.1 (DOE 1990), and 435.1 (DOE 1999), and DOE/EH-O173T (DOE 1991). It is Waste Management Technical Services' objective to manage and conduct near-facility environmental monitoring activities at the Hanford Site in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner that is in compliance with the letter and spirit of these regulations and other environmental regulations, statutes, and standards.

MCKINNEY, S.M.

2000-05-01

284

Russian Higher Education and European Standards of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the relevance and implementation of European approaches to quality assurance in the context of the Russian educational system. It covers the issues of transformation of the higher education system during the post-Soviet period, specific features of the state accreditation system, the impact of the European Standards and…

Motova, Galina; Pykko, Ritta

2012-01-01

285

ATLAS RPC Quality Assurance results at INFN Lecce  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main results of the quality assurance tests performed on the Resistive Plate Chamber used by the ATLAS experiment at LHC as muon trigger chambers are reported and discussed. Since July 2004, about 270 RPC units has been certified at INFN Lecce site and delivered to CERN, for being integrated in the final muon station of the ATLAS barrel region.

M. Bianco; I. Borjanovic; G. Cataldi; A. Cazzato; G. Chiodini; M. R. Coluccia; P. Creti; F. Grancagnolo; R. Perrino; M. Primavera; S. Spagnolo; G. Tassielli; A. Ventura

2006-01-01

286

Reconciling Organisational Culture and External Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organisational culture and external quality assurance have both been presented as significant drivers of effectiveness, efficiency and excellence in higher education institutions. However, these assumptions have not been critically examined given the philosophical, conceptual and methodological contestations surrounding both constructs. A…

Naidoo, Dhaya

2013-01-01

287

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It might not have been quite what he had in mind when he said it, but Aristotle was right: good quality assurance must be a habit embedded at every level within higher education, not an isolated occurrence. But even good habits can become mere routine, in danger of being emptied of their original purpose and meaning. Periodically, review and…

McClaran, Anthony

2010-01-01

288

Technical aspects of quality assurance in radiation oncology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The technical aspects of quality assurance (QA) in radiation oncology as practice in the United States will be reviewed and updated in the spirit of offering the experience to the radiation oncology communities in the Asia-Pacific region. The word \\

CB Saw; H Wagner

2009-01-01

289

SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE--SECOND EDITION  

EPA Science Inventory

Use of the first edition of the "Soil Sampling Quality Assurance User's Guide" as a text in a series of seminars conducted at various U.S. EPA Regional Offices elicited many constructive comments for improvements from seminar attendees. Many of these suggested improvements have b...

290

WET DEPOSITION AND SNOWPACK MONITORING OPERATIONS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual (user's guide) describes the quality assurance plan and operations protocols for a comparative study of snow collection instruments being conducted on Mt. Evans. Instruments to be compared include the Aerochem Metrics Model 301 wet/dry deposition collector, the Belfort...

291

Applications of quality assurance\\/quality control concepts to non-hardware project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts of Quality Assurance and Quality Control, developed over 40 years ago for high quantity production of hardware, are now routinely and effectively applied to complex, one-of-a-kind projects such as design and construction of nuclear power plants. Currently, Quality Assurance and Quality Control are being applied to projects where outputs are less tangible, e.g., software, services, technical judgements. To

Calek

1979-01-01

292

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

293

Education for All in South Africa: Developing a National System for Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws on international research, policy, and practice relevant to quality assurance systems to analyze the development of a national framework for educational quality assurance in South Africa. Describes an emerging framework for quality assurance that encompasses evaluation of student achievement, quality audits and reviews, program and service…

Smith, William J.; Ngoma-Maema, Wendy Yolisa

2003-01-01

294

Quality Assurance. Summary Report of a Project to Develop and Evaluate a Quality Assurance Package. FEU/PICKUP Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum development project began with a market survey to investigate the demand for training in quality assurance (QA). The project objective was to develop a final study program that would cater to a broad range of employees, from operative to senior management; enable employees to appreciate their potential role within a QA system; and…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

295

Quality Assurance Program description, Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Westinghouse Savannah River Company's (WSRC) Quality Assurance Program for Defense Waste Processing at the Savannah River Site (SRS). WSRC is the operating contractor for the US Department of Energy (DOE) at the SRS. The following objectives are achieved through developing and implementing the Quality Assurance Program: (1) Ensure that the attainment of quality (in accomplishing defense high-level waste processing objectives at the SRS) is at a level commensurate with the government's responsibility for protecting public health and safety, the environment, the public investment, and for efficiently and effectively using national resources. (2) Ensure that high-level waste from qualification and production activities conform to requirements defined by OCRWM. These activities include production processes, equipment, and services; and products that are planned, designed, procured, fabricated, installed, tested, operated, maintained, modified, or produced.

Maslar, S.R.

1992-11-02

296

UMTRA Project Office quality assurance program plan. Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites. The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the UMTRA Project Office and its contractors.

Not Available

1994-09-01

297

Technical aspects of quality assurance in radiation oncology  

PubMed Central

The technical aspects of quality assurance (QA) in radiation oncology as practice in the United States will be reviewed and updated in the spirit of offering the experience to the radiation oncology communities in the Asia-Pacific region. The word “technical” is used to express the organisational components or processes and not the materials within the QA program. A comprehensive QA program in radiation oncology will have an official statement declaring the quality plan for effective patient care services it provides in a document. The QA program will include all aspects of patient care: physical, clinical, and medical aspects of the services. The document will describe the organisational structure, responsibilities, checks and procedures, and resources allocated to ensure the successful implementation of the quality of patient management. Regulatory guidelines and guidelines from accreditation agencies should be incorporated in the QA program to ensure compliance. The organisational structure will have a multidisciplinary QA committee that has the authority to evaluate continuously the effectiveness of the QA program to provide prompt corrective recommendations and to request feedback as needed to monitor the response. The continuous monitoring aspects require meetings to be held at regular intervals with the minutes of the meetings officially recorded and documented. To ensure that a QA program is effective, the program itself should be audited for quality at regular intervals at least annually. It has been recognised that the current QA program has not kept abreast with the rapid implementation of new and advanced radiation therapy technologies with the most recent in image-based radiation therapy technology. The societal bodies (ASTRO and AAPM) and federal agency (NCI) acknowledge this inadequacy and have held workshops to address this issue. The challenges for the societal bodies and federal agency are numerous that include (a) the prescriptive methodology used may not be appropriate for currently implemented new technologies, (b) resources are becoming scarce, (c) advanced radiation therapy technologies have been introduced too rapidly, (d) advances in radiation therapy technologies have become too sophisticated and specialised with each therapy modality having its own separate set of equipment, for example its own dose planning software, computer system and dose delivery systems requiring individualised QA procedures. At the present time, industrial engineers are being recruited to assist in devising a methodology that is broad-based and more process-oriented risk-based formulation of QA in radiation oncology.

Saw, CB; Ferenci, MS; Wanger, H

2008-01-01

298

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. 1000.55 Section 1000...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. (a) Applicability...section are recommended for all diagnostic radiology facilities. (b) Definitions....

2012-04-01

299

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. 1000.55 Section 1000...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. (a) Applicability...section are recommended for all diagnostic radiology facilities. (b) Definitions....

2011-04-01

300

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. 1000.55 Section 1000...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. (a) Applicability...section are recommended for all diagnostic radiology facilities. (b) Definitions....

2014-04-01

301

Introduction of Break-Out Session at the International PV Module Quality Assurance Forum (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation outlines review requirements for quality assurance (QA) rating systems, logical design of QA systems, and specific tasks for break-out session 1 of the 2011 International PV Module Quality Assurance Forum.

Kurtz, S.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Yamamichi, M.; Sample, T.

2011-07-01

302

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. 1000.55 Section 1000...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. (a) Applicability...section are recommended for all diagnostic radiology facilities. (b) Definitions....

2009-04-01

303

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. 1000.55 Section 1000...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. (a) Applicability...section are recommended for all diagnostic radiology facilities. (b) Definitions....

2010-04-01

304

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. 1000.55 Section 1000...quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities. (a) Applicability...section are recommended for all diagnostic radiology facilities. (b) Definitions....

2013-04-01

305

Understanding Standards-based Quality Assurance: Part I--Rationale and Conceptual Basis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the strategic move in British higher education to a national quality assurance plan based on academic standards. Discusses the policy proposals of the National Committee of Inquiry in Higher Education and the Quality Assurance Agency. (SK)

Jackson, Norman

1998-01-01

306

UMTRA project technical assistance contractor quality assurance implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Technical Assistance contractor (TAC) Quality Assurance Implementation Plan (QAIP) outlines the primary requirements for integrating quality functions for TAC technical activities applied to the surface and ground water phases of the UMTRA Project. The QAIP is subordinate to the latest issue of the UMTRA Project TAC Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) (DOE, 1993a), which was developed using US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5700.6C quality assurance (QA) criteria. The QAIP addresses technical aspects of the TAC UMTRA Project surface and ground water programs. All QA issues in the QAIP shall comply with requirements contained in the TAC QAPP (DOE, 1933a). Because industry standards for data acquisition and data control are not addressed in DOE Order 5700.6C, the QAIP has been formatted to the 14 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) QA requirements. DOE Order 5700.6C criteria that are not contained in the CERCLA requirements are added to the QAIP as additional requirements in Sections 15.0 through 18.0. Project documents that contain CERCLA requirements and 5700.6 criteria shall be referenced in this document to avoid duplication. Referenced documents are not included in this QAIP but are available through the UMTRA Project Document Control Center.

Not Available

1994-03-01

307

Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

2002-09-30

308

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government...

2013-10-01

309

48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.404 Government...

2013-10-01

310

242-A Evaporator quality assurance plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is to provide requirements for activities pertaining to sampling, shipping, and analyses associated with candidate feed tank samples for the 242-A Evaporator project. The purpose of the 242-A Evaporator project is to reduce the volume of aqueous waste in the Double Shell Tank (DST) System and will result in considerable savings to the disposal of mixed waste. The 242-A Evaporator feed stream originates from DSTs identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A Evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending the condensate (called process condensate) to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LEPF) storage basin where it is stored prior to treatment in the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF). The objective of this quality assurance project plan is to provide the planning, implementation, and assessment of sample collection and analysis, data issuance, and validation activities for the candidate feed tanks.

Basra, T.S.

1995-05-04

311

Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

1993-01-01

312

Mission operations and command assurance: Flight operations quality improvements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce risk in mission operations by addressing human factors. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team, to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Kazz, Sheri L.; Potts, Sherrill S.; Witkowski, Mona M.

1994-01-01

313

External Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Making Choices. Fundamentals of Educational Planning 85  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet aims to provide policy advice and support to decision-makers and managers in the area of quality assurance in higher education. In order to do so, the authors describe and discuss major issues that decision-makers in charge of quality assurance need to consider for the creation or development of an external quality assurance (EQA)…

Martin, Michaela; Stella, Antony

2007-01-01

314

Perioperative antibiotic administration in orthopaedic trauma: a quality assurance project.  

PubMed

Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis has been a mainstay of orthopaedic trauma care for decades. Despite ongoing controversy regarding the optimal number of doses required, established guidelines for use have been in place for years. A retrospective quality assurance project was conducted in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, to review local practice regarding perioperative antibiotic administration in orthopaedic trauma and compare that to what is suggested in the literature. PMID:20335765

Mammel, Joyce; Kmet, Leanne

2010-01-01

315

Balancing compliance and cost when implementing a Quality Assurance program  

SciTech Connect

When implementing a Quality Assurance (QA) program, compliance and cost must be balanced. A QA program must be developed that hits the mark in terms of adequate control and documentation, but does not unnecessarily expand resources. As the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has moved towards certification, Sandia National Laboratories has learned much about balancing compliance and costs. Some of these lessons are summarized here.

Pickering, S.Y.

1997-12-01

316

(Assay and quality assurance measures employed for radioactive waste management)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chemical Technology Institute facilities at the Nuclear Research Center, Kernforschungsanlage, Julich GmbH were visited. Discussions of waste assay techniques, waste characterization and certification requirements, and quality assurance methods were reviewed and discussed. Waste repository requirements for both low-level and high-level wastes were discussed. Demonstrations of gamma and neutron assay instruments and waste drum sample collection systems were conducted. The

Schultz

1989-01-01

317

Nevada nuclear waste storage investigations: Quality assurance plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This document is the first revision of the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations, Quality Assurance Plan (NVO-196-17) published in August 1980. It contains several substantive revisions and numerous minor revisions (e.g., WMPO/NV vs. Project Office, Los Alamos National Laboratory vs. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, etc.) which update or clarify the August 1980 document. NVO-196-17 (Rev. 1) supercedes NVO-196-17.

1981-04-01

318

Effluent monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan for radioactive airborne emissions data. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for compiling Hanford Site radioactive airborne emissions data. These data will be reported to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the US Department of Energy, and the Washington State Department of Health. Effluent Monitoring performs compliance assessments on radioactive airborne sampling and monitoring systems. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared in compliance with interim guidelines and specifications. Topics include: project description; project organization and management; quality assurance objectives; sampling procedures; sample custody; calibration procedures; analytical procedures; monitoring and reporting criteria; data reduction, verification, and reporting; internal quality control; performance and system audits; corrective actions; and quality assurance reports.

Frazier, T.P.

1995-12-01

319

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans. This document is intended to be a basic road map to the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan documents (i.e., the guidance document for preparing Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan determinations, management plan, and Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans). The implementing procedures, plans, and instructions are appropriate for the control of effluent monitoring plans requiring compliance with US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency, state, and local requirements. This Quality Assurance Project Plan contains a matrix of organizational responsibilities, procedural resources from facility or site manuals used in the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, and a list of the analytes of interest and analytical methods for each facility preparing a Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan. 44 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Nickels, J.M.

1991-06-01

320

Quality assurance and quality control for the compact physics research facility (CPRF) and ZTH experiment  

SciTech Connect

In compliance with DOE Order 5700.6B, which establishes policies to assure quality achievement in DOE programs, we instituted a quality assurance and quality control program whose primary goal is to assure that reliable components are available with which to assemble the CPRF/ZTH experiment. The Code of Federal Regulations 10 CFR 50, appendix B, and the ANSI standard N45.2 were used as a primary source of guidance in establishing a plan for our QA program. Accepted codes, such as the National Electric Code (NEC), and standards adopted by organizations such as ANSI, IEEE, ASME, and NEMA were used in the design and production of components in keeping with the primary goal of the CPRF program. In setting up the CPRF/ZTH quality assurance program it was our intention to have these standards apply to all suppliers, both within and outside the Laboratory. 5 refs., 6 figs.

Kewish, R.W. Jr.

1989-01-01

321

[Development of food supply quality assurance system for armed forces].  

PubMed

To study a serviceman's satisfaction with how nutrition was organized, the author elaborated a questionnaire containing the sections "nutrition organization quality assessment" and "mess food intake condition quality assessment". Different categories of military men taking food were inquired in a mess. The affirmation "I have no after-meal heartburn" became evidence that the sample was heterogeneous. For detailed analysis, the total sample was divided into two subgroups: those who had (Subgroup 1) and had not (Subgroup 2) a burning sensation after eating. Subgroup II servicemen gave lower scores on the questions about the comfort of food intake, the quality of dishes, a general attitude towards nutrition organization in the mess than did Subgroup I. The study has verified that the developed subsistence quality assurance system is of importance. The questionnaire has provided a valid assessment of the quality of the services given by the mess and revealed a reason for low scores. PMID:22834266

Plaksin, E I

2012-01-01

322

Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research  

SciTech Connect

How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1990-04-12

323

QUALITY CONTROL AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCEDURES FOR LEVEL 1 HEALTH EFFECTS BIOASSAYS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of a program of quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) for the EPA Level 1 environmental assessment health effects bioassays to ensure that all data collected are of known and documented quality sufficient to meet their intended use. ...

324

Reliability and quality assurance on the Mod 2 wind system  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance (R and QA) approach developed for the largest wind turbine generator built to date, the Mod 2. The R and QA approach used had to assure that the machine would not be hazardous to the public or to the operating personnel, would operate unattended on a utility grid, would demonstrate reliable operation, and would help establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. Since the objective of the wind energy program is to provide wind power at a cost competitive with other energy sources, the R and QA activities were to be accomplished at a minimum of cost and manpower. The significant guideline consisted of a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) during the design phase, hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation. This low-cost approach has worked well enough that it should be considered by others for similar projects.

Mason, W.E.B.; Jones, B.G.

1981-01-01

325

42 CFR 457.495 - State assurance of access to care and procedures to assure quality and appropriateness of care.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the quality and appropriateness of care provided under the plan, including how the State will assure: (a) Access to well-baby care, well-child care, well-adolescent care and childhood and adolescent immunizations. (b) Access to covered...

2013-10-01

326

Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data  

SciTech Connect

This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

RA Peppler; KE Kehoe; KL Sonntag; CP Bahrmann; SJ Richardson; SW Christensen; RA McCord; DJ Doty; R Wagener; RC Eagan; JC Lijegren; BW Orr; DL Sisterson; TD Halter; NN Keck; CN Long; MC Macduff; JH Mather; RC Perez; JW Voyles; MD Ivey; ST Moore; DL Nitschke; BD Perkins; DD Turner

2008-03-01

327

A survey of medical quality assurance programs in Ontario hospitals.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of medical quality assurance practices in Ontario hospitals. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: All teaching, community, chronic care, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals that were members of the Ontario Hospital Association as of May 1990. PARTICIPANTS: The person deemed by the chief executive officer of each hospital to be most responsible for medical administration. INTERVENTION: A questionnaire to obtain information on each hospital's use of criteria audit, indicators inventory, occurrence screening and reporting, and utilization review and management (URM) activities. OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of the use of the quality assurance activities, the people responsible for the activities and the relative success of the URM program in modifying physicians' performance. RESULTS: Of the 245 member hospitals participants from 179 (73%) responded. Criteria audits were performed in 136 (76%), indicators inventory in 43 (24%), occurrence screening in 44 (25%), occurrence reporting in 61 (34%) and URM in 123 (69%). In-hospital deaths were reviewed in 157 (88%) of the hospitals. In all, 87 (55%) of the respondents from hospitals that had a URM program or were developing one indicated that their program was successful in modifying physicians' practices, and 29 (18%) reported that it was not successful; 26 (16%) stated that the effect was still unknown, and 16 (10%) did not respond. Seventy (40%) stated that results of tissue reviews were reported at least 10 times per year and 94 (83%) that medical record reviews were reported at least as often. The differences in the prevalence of the quality assurance activities between the hospitals were not found to be significant. CONCLUSIONS: Many Ontario hospitals are conducting a wide variety of quality assurance activities. Further study is required to determine whether the differences in prevalence of these activities between hospitals would be significant in a larger, perhaps national, sample. Strategies are needed to ensure universal involvement and participation in the improvement of the quality of care and the assessment of the cost-effectiveness of health care treatments. Recommendations to achieve these objectives are suggested.

Barrable, B

1992-01-01

328

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

2013-07-01

329

Quality assurance and technology assessment: pieces of a larger puzzle.  

PubMed

Increasing integration of health care and health services research has resulted in an overlap between disciplines involved in the evaluation of clinical practice. We have examined the relationships of quality assurance (QA), medical technology assessment (TA), clinical epidemiology (CE) and evidence-based medicine (EBM) from an historical perspective. Clinicians, patients and administrators need local information on effectiveness of routine care. Information from trials alone, efficacy data, will not suffice nor can it be culled from administrative databases designed for other purposes. The current activities of QA should be therefore be expanded to include the study of the effectiveness of interventions in terms of appropriateness of use, patient outcomes and study of the determinants of outcomes, as seen from the perspective of doctors, patients, administrators and policy makers, using data collected during the course of routine patient care. With the assistance of information technology, with methodological support and multidisciplinary cooperation, clinicians can do this as part of a more broadly defined clinical research. Quality assurance and TA both evolved with the objective of studying clinical care but have quite different historical roots, complementary perspectives and objectives, use different methods and involve a different set of practitioners. Quality assurance is a type of 'formative' evaluation conducted in the clinical setting using indicators as flags of process or outcome events of interest, simple surveys and audit studies. Its primary aim is to achieve incremental improvement rather than to simply pass judgement. An important underlying assumption is that health care behaves as a complex dynamic system. Technology assessment, a form of summative evaluation with an orientation towards policy, synthesises information from formal scientific studies of efficacy in the form of clinical trials and studies of cost-effectiveness. For the evaluation of the impact of any technology more complex than a drug, the complementary contributions of both of these disciplines is needed, and QA and TA should work cooperatively in tandem with the support of CE and EBM. PMID:11057990

McDonald, I G

2000-01-01

330

UMTRA Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 5  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites in accordance with Public Law 95-604, the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA). The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. The US Department of Energy (DOE) UMTRA Project Office directs the overall Project. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria (set forth in the reference documents) has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. The UMTRA Project Office shall require each Project contractor to prepare and submit for approval a more detailed QAPP that is based on the applicable criteria of this QAPP and the referenced documents. All QAPPs on the UMTRA Project shall fit within the framework of this plan or an industry standard format that has been approved by the DOE Project Office.

Not Available

1993-11-01

331

Endoscopic Biopsy as Quality Assurance for Endoscopic Services  

PubMed Central

Gastroendoscopy (GS) procedures are not only performed by gastroenterologists (GE) but also by hepatologists (HT) in many countries. Endoscopic biopsy (EBx) remains the gold standard for the investigation and documentation of esophago-gastro-duodenal pathology. EBx is subjectively performed by an endoscopist, and the level of skill and experience of the endoscopist may affect the quality of the endoscopic service. Reasons for this discrepancy included lack of experience practitioners to order EBx when required of GS issues between in GE and HT limit access. Ideally, services should be safe and of high quality. This study assessed the EBx/GS ratio as the endoscopic quality assurance as an index of GS services. This was a cohort study of endoscopists at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan. There were 34,570 episodes of EBx in 199,877 GS procedures. The 25 endoscopists were divided into GE (n?=?13) and HT (n?=?12) groups, and correlation coefficients were calculated over a 14.5-year duration of intervention. The Trimmean of EBx/GS was 19.29% in 14.5 years (34570/199877 with Trimmean 0.2 percentile ratio correlations), and the Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.90229. There were significantly more EBx procedures in the GE group than in the HT group at 1 and 5 years (21.5% vs. 15.1% and 20.9% vs. 17.3%, respectively, P<0.00001). Junior GE attempted significantly more EBx than both the senior GE (24.06% vs. 20.41%, P<0.0001), and junior HT (24.06% vs. 13.2%, P<0.0001). In conclusion, quality assurance for gastrointestinal endoscopy involves numerous aspects of unit management and patient safety. Quality measures used with the EBx/GS ratio may be one of the best ways to ensure the quality of endoscopic procedures in a teaching hospital.

Chiu, King-Wah; Chiou, Shue-Shian

2013-01-01

332

Microcomputer patient database manager for hospital quality assurance.  

PubMed

QBASE is an integrated patient data manager for tracking and reporting quality assurance (QA) activity in a hospital inpatient setting. The system is written in the KNOWLEDGEMAN (Micro Data Base Systems) database language and allows on-line storage, inquiry, and reporting functions to support QA procedures. Patient data are entered either at the console or via hand-held portable computers, thus eliminating error-prone transcription procedures. Following the collection of data, QA personnel can edit or delete records, search on various criteria, and generate formatted reports showing individual or departmental exceptions or trends over time. PMID:10279019

Lassiter, A T; Starbuck, D L

1986-01-01

333

Quality Assurance Project Plan for waste tank vapor characterization  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan, WHC-SD-WM-QAPP-013, applies to four separate vapor sampling tasks associated with Phases 1 and 2 of the Tank Vapor Issue Resolution Program and support of the Rotary Mode Core Drilling Portable Exhauster Permit. These tasks focus on employee safety concerns and tank ventilation emission control design requirements. Previous characterization efforts and studies are of insufficient accuracy to adequately define the problem. It is believed that the technology and maturity of sampling and analytical methods can be sufficiently developed to allow the characterization of the constituents of the tank vapor space.

Suydam, C.D. Jr.

1993-12-01

334

Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (USDOE) has initiated the Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) in an effort to manage, control and remediate existing hazardous, toxic and radioactive wastes generated at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS). This ERP Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is responsive to the PORTS ESH Division QAPP and the ES Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) QAPP. This QAPP establishes the policies, requirements and responsibilities by which an appropriate level of QA shall be implemented within the PORTS-ERP. All PORTS-ERP activities shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this document and/or of a project level document which is derivative of this document.

Not Available

1992-03-30

335

Fabrication and quality assurance processes for superhybrid composite fan blades  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of fabricating full-scale fan blades from superhybrid composites (SHC) for use large, commercial gas turbine engines was evaluated. The type of blade construction selected was a metal-spar/SHC-shell configuration, in which the outer shell was adhesively bonded to a short, internal, titanium spar. Various aspects of blade fabrication, inspection, and quality assurance procedures developed in the investigation are described. It is concluded that the SHC concept is feasible for the fabrication of prototype, full-scale, metal-spar/SHC-shell fan blades that have good structural properties and meet dimensional requirements.

Lark, R. F.; Chamis, C. C.

1983-01-01

336

Fabrication and quality assurance processes for superhybrid composite fan blades  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of fabricating full-scale fan blades from superhybrid composites (SHC) for use large, commercial gas turbine engines was evaluated. The type of blade construction selected was a metal-spar/SHC-shell configuration, in which the outer shell was adhesively bonded to a short, internal, titanium spar. Various aspects of blade fabrication, inspection, and quality assurance procedures developed in the investigation are described. It is concluded that the SHC concept is feasible for the fabrication of prototype, full-scale, metal-spar/SHC-shell fan blades that have good structural properties and meet dimensional requirements.

Lark, R. F.; Chamis, C. C.

1986-01-01

337

S-PRIME Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Quality Assurance Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)describes how the Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Design and Technology Demonstration Project addresses the Quality Assurance requirements delineated in DOE Order 5700.6C and the Thermionic Program Management Plan 214PMP000001. The Quality Assurance Program is based on the following fundamental principles, which Rocketdyne endorses and the QA Project Manager and Program Manager shall enforce: Quality Achievement is a continuing responsibility of line organization at all levels; the Quality Assurance organization through the effective overview of work, gives additional assurance that specified requirements are met; risk is the fundamental consideration in determining to what extent the Quality Assurance Plan should be applied to items and processes; action is based on facts and analysis, customer driven quality, strong quality leadership and continuous improvement.

Jones, C.M.

1992-09-23

338

[Clinical research, evaluation of care and quality assurance].  

PubMed

This paper aims to clarify the concepts and terminology of clinical research, evaluation, and quality. Clinical research or clinical epidemiology aims to demonstrate the efficacy of medical care. The optimal methodology is a randomized, double-blind trial that allows a causal inference in respect of efficacy. This should be the first stage before generalization of all medical practice. Evaluation of quality of care aims to verify the effectiveness of medical care by comparing practice with references. The optimal methodology is clinical audit that allows fine-tuned diagnosis of the existence of deviant practices. The analysis of causes and correction of the care process are an integral part of the evaluation work. Thus quality assurance and quality management concepts and methods have been developed which tend to ensure solutions for better care and to maintain the level of quality of care to achieve patient satisfaction. Evaluation, clinical research and management quality could in fact be seen as the complementary facets of a comprehensive approach to quality of care. PMID:10070233

Girard, F; Empereur, F; Guillemin, F; Briançon, S

1998-01-01

339

Internal and external measures of quality assurance in gynecological surgery.  

PubMed

In the light of exploding costs in health care and increasing demands for public accountability, gynecological surgeons are forced to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of their care in order to increase the satisfaction of their 'clients'. To do so, the implementation of a structured quality management system in gynecological care units is strongly encouraged. Basic requirements for an efficient quality management system comprise developing appropriate structures for the system, training staff in management techniques and using tools to monitor the quality of care. An important part of a quality management system is structured data collection permitting regional benchmarking between hospitals. The study 'Quality assurance in gynecological surgery' of the German Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics is mentioned as an example of such an external measure. Profiles help gynecological care units to recognize problem areas of their care. A list of further structural characteristics of a quality-oriented gynecological care unit, such as second opinion techniques or the application of clinical practice guidelines, is given to enable the evaluation or certification of quality management systems in gynecological departments. PMID:9138971

Selbmann, H K; Geraedts, M

1997-02-01

340

International Comparisons and Trends in External Quality Assurance of Higher Education: Commonality or Diversity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores international comparisons of the extent of commonality or diversity in the main national external quality assurance frameworks for higher education. It has been suggested, from an European survey, that there are common features in national quality assurance frameworks (van Vught and Westerheijden (Quality Management and Quality

Billing, David

2004-01-01

341

Systems Perspectives on External Quality Assurance: Implications for Micro-States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance in higher education is a mess: the "problem" of quality is embedded in complex sets of interacting issues that are of concern to many and varied stakeholders. Developing higher education systems that have responded to issues of quality through a "best practice" model of external quality assurance has produced mixed results.…

Houston, Don; Maniku, Ahmed Ali

2005-01-01

342

Quality assurance FY 1995 site support program plan WBS 6.7.2.5  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the quality assurance plan and program for the Westinghouse Hanford Company. The quality assurance plan verifies that the appropriate quality assurance programs and controls are applied to activities that affect quality related to work in: waste management; environmental activities (restoration, remediation, and monitoring); implementation of environmental, state, local, and federal regulations; tri-party agreement activities; facility operation and deactivation/transition to shutdown; new facility construction and operation.

Dell, L.D.

1994-09-01

343

Quality in E-Learning: A Framework for Promoting and Assuring Quality in Virtual Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role…

Masoumi, D.; Lindstrom, B.

2012-01-01

344

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 14: Introduction to Quality Assurance/Quality Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Technical Education Research Center, Waco, TX.

345

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices for Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued, including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of reha...

346

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices For Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of rehab...

347

Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

2006-01-01

348

UMTRA technical assistance contractor Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAC Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements. The key to ensuring compliance with this directive is a two-step professional approach: utilize the quality system in all areas of activity, and generate a personal commitment from all personnel to provide quality service. The quality staff will be experienced, trained professionals capable of providing maximum flexibility to Project goal attainment. Such flexibility will enable the staff to be more cost effective and to further improve communication and coordination. To provide control details, this QAPP will be supplemented by approved standard operating procedures that provide requirements for performing the various TAC quality-related activities. These procedures shall describe applicable design input and document control activities and documentation.

Pehrson, P.

1993-10-12

349

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage, and disposal of liquid and solid wastes generated at the Hanford Site as well as those wastes received from other US Department of Energy (DOE) and non-DOE sites. WMH operations include the Low-Level Burial Grounds, Central Waste Complex (a mixed-waste storage complex), a nonradioactive dangerous waste storage facility, the Transuranic Storage Facility, T Plant, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facility, 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, the 242-A Evaporator, 300 Area Treatment Effluent Disposal Facility, the 340 Facility (a radioactive liquid waste handling facility), 222-S Laboratory, the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford TRU Waste Program.

VOLKMAN, D.D.

1999-10-27

350

Quality assurance in European pharmacy education and training.  

PubMed

A survey of quality assurance (QA) systems in European faculties of pharmacy was carried out under the auspices of the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy PHARMINE consortium. A questionnaire based on the quality criteria of the International Pharmaceutical Federation and the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (USA) was sent out to European faculties. Replies were obtained from 28 countries. Just above half has a working QA system. QA scores were high concerning matters such as complete curriculum and training, use of European Credit Transfer System, students' representation and promotion of professional behavior. QA scores were low concerning matters such as evaluation of achievement of mission and goals, and financial resources. The PHARMINE consortium now has a basis upon which to elaborate and promote QA in European pharmacy faculties. PMID:24198856

Guimar?es Morais, Jose A; Cavaco, Afonso M; Rombaut, Bart; Rouse, Michael J; Atkinson, Jeffrey

2011-10-01

351

Comprehensive quality assurance for base of skull IMRT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Six base of skull IMRT treatment plans were delivered to Presage dosimeters within the RPC Head and Neck Phantom for quality assurance (QA) verification. Isotropic 2mm 3D data were acquired by optical-CT scanning with the DLOS system (Duke Large Optical-CT Scanner) and compared to the Eclipse (Varian) treatment plan. Normalized Dose Distribution (NDD) pass rates were obtained for a number of criteria. High quality 3D dosimetry data was observed from the DLOS system, illustrated here through colormaps, isodose lines, and profiles. Excellent agreement with the planned dose distributions was also observed with NDD analysis revealing > 90% pass rates (with criteria 3%, 2mm), and noise < 0.5%. The results comprehensively confirm the high accuracy of base-of-skull IMRT treatment in our clinic.

Thomas, A.; O'Daniel, J.; Adamovics, J.; Ibbott, G.; Oldham, M.

2013-06-01

352

Quality Assurance Protocol for AFCI Advanced Structural Materials Testing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this letter is to inform you of recent progress on the development of advanced structural materials in support of advanced fast reactors and AFCI. As you know, the alloy development effort has been initiated in recent months with the procurement of adequate quantities of the NF616 and HT-UPS alloys. As the test alloys become available in the coming days, mechanical testing, evaluation of optimizing treatments, and screening of environmental effects will be possible at a larger scale. It is therefore important to establish proper quality assurance protocols for this testing effort in a timely manner to ensure high technical quality throughout testing. A properly implemented quality assurance effort will also enable preliminary data taken in this effort to be qualified as NQA-1 during any subsequent licensing discussions for an advanced design or actual prototype. The objective of this report is to describe the quality assurance protocols that will be used for this effort. An essential first step in evaluating quality protocols is assessing the end use of the data. Currently, the advanced structural materials effort is part of a long-range, basic research and development effort and not, as yet, involved in licensing discussions for a specific reactor design. After consultation with Mark Vance (an ORNL QA expert) and based on the recently-issued AFCI QA requirements, the application of NQA-1 quality requirements will follow the guidance provided in Part IV, Subpart 4.2 of the NQA-1 standard (Guidance on Graded Application of QA for Nuclear-Related Research and Development). This guidance mandates the application of sound scientific methodology and a robust peer review process in all phases, allowing for the data to be qualified for use even if the programmatic mission changes to include licensing discussions of a specific design or prototype. ORNL has previously implemented a QA program dedicated to GNEP activities and based on an appropriately graded application of NQA-1 requirements at the site. The current program is being revised to incorporate changes imposed through the recently revised AFCI Technical Integration Office QA requirements. Testing conducted under the AFCI QA program for the advanced structural materials effort shall incorporate the following quality assurance expectations: (1) personnel are adequately trained to perform assigned work; (2) activities are controlled to ensure consistency of results; (3) records necessary to substantiate how the work was performed are maintained (dedicated laboratory notebooks will be used); (4) the pedigree and traceability of the various tested materials are maintained throughout the described processes using consistent sample numbering and adequate record keeping; (5) equipment with the potential to affect the quality of the planned work is calibrated and maintained in accordance with applicable operating requirements. In addition, all reporting or related dissemination by ORNL personnel of the results of the work described in this subcontract shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements described or referenced in the ORNL Standards Based Management System subject area entitled Scientific and Technical Information. Reporting or publications at other institutions will be conducted in accordance with the requirements of that institution. Successful implementation of these protocols will provide a sound basis for future decisions and research. In addition, these steps will also help ensure that results can also be applied to licensing discussions at a future date.

Busby, Jeremy T [ORNL

2009-05-01

353

Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Plan describes how the Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) implements the quality assurance (QA) requirements of the Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) (HNF-Mp-599) for Project Hanford activities and products. This QAPP also describes the organizational structure necessary to successfully implement the program. The QAPP provides a road map of applicable Project Hanford Management System Procedures, and facility specific procedures, that may be utilized by WESF to implement the requirements of the QAPD.

ROBINSON, P.A.

2000-04-17

354

Looking back--a history of progress: Society of Quality Assurance.  

PubMed

The Society of Quality Assurance (SQA) Historical Committee has tracked the impressive evolution of our society from the initial sharing of ideas at the 1980 Quality Assurance Roundtable meeting to the formation of the national SQA in 1984, to a 12-fold increase in membership numbers through 1993. This article describes annual meeting locations and attendance, membership numbers, and organizational information, as well as significant milestones for both the Quality Assurance Roundtable group and the SQA. PMID:7804611

Pomerleau, P O; Benson, B W

1994-03-01

355

The role of field auditing in environmental quality assurance management.  

PubMed

Environmental data quality improvement continues to focus on analytical laboratoryperformance with little, if any, attention given to improving the performance of field consultants responsible for sample collection. Many environmental professionals often assume that the primary opportunity for data error lies within the activities conducted by the laboratory. Experience in the evaluation of environmental data and project-wide quality assurance programs indicates that an often-ignored factor affecting environmental data quality is the manner in which a sample is acquired and handled in the field. If a sample is not properly collected, preserved, stored, and transported in the field, even the best laboratory practices and analytical methods cannot deliver accurate and reliable data (i.e., bad data in equals bad data out). Poor quality environmental data may result in inappropriate decisions regarding site characterization and remedial action. Field auditing is becoming an often-employed technique for examining the performance of the environmental sampling field team and how their performance may affect data quality. The field audits typically focus on: (1) verifying that field consultants adhere to project control documents (e.g., Work Plans and Standard Operating Procedures [SOPs]) during field operations; (2) providing third-party independent assurance that field procedures, quality assurance/ quality control (QA/QC)protocol, and field documentation are sufficient to produce data of satisfactory quality; (3) providing a defense in the event that field procedures are called into question; and (4) identifying ways to reduce sampling costs. Field audits are typically most effective when performed on a surprise basis; that is, the sampling contractor may be aware that a field audit will be conducted during some phase of sampling activities but is not informed of the specific day(s) that the audit will be conducted. The audit also should be conducted early on in the sampling program such that deficiencies noted during the audit can be addressed before the majority of field activities have been completed. A second audit should be performed as a follow-up to confirm that the recommended changes have been implemented. A field auditor is assigned to the project by matching, as closely as possible, the auditor's experience with the type of field activities being conducted. The auditor uses a project-specific field audit checklist developed from key information contained in project control documents. Completion of the extensive audit checklist during the audit focuses the auditor on evaluating each aspect of field activities being performed. Rather than examine field team performance after sampling, a field auditor can do so while the samples are being collected and can apply real-time corrective action as appropriate. As a result of field audits, responsible parties often observe vast improvements in their consultant's field procedures and, consequently, receive more reliable and representative field data at a lower cost. The cost savings and improved data quality that result from properly completed field audits make the field auditing process both cost-effective and functional. PMID:12008887

Claycomb, D R

2000-01-01

356

NATIONAL SURFACE WATER SURVEY: EASTERN LAKE SURVEY (PHASE 1 - SYNOPTIC CHEMISTRY). QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides an overview of the quality assurance activities and results of the Eastern Lake Survey - Phase I. The quality assurance program used a combination of blank, duplicate, and audit samples to provide an external check on the data quality of 32 physiochemical para...

357

New initiative for QA in advanced energy: A realistic approach to quality assurance in basic research  

SciTech Connect

This paper will describe how quality assurance concepts and good basic research practice can be melded together to improve research quality without inhibiting creativity. It presents a realistic discussion of how quality is assured during the four major activities of basic scientific research: selecting the researchers; choosing the topic or area to be investigated; conducting the investigation; and documenting the results.

Shear, M.; Bebon, M.J.

1988-01-01

358

Marketing aspects of quality assurance systems : The organic food sector case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the effect of quality assurance systems on business performance and subsequently, how a quality assurance system can be utilized as a determinant factor of a firm's marketing strategy, especially for the organic food sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on literature and the quality theory, the following subjects are examined: the types

Kontogeorgos Achilleas; Semos Anastasios

2008-01-01

359

Quality assurance, in the transportation for the waste from the TMI2 reactor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance for the removal of waste from TMI-2, its packaging, and transportation required a significant cooperative effort as the operational mode for the quality assurance program. The waste generator, the shipper, and waste storage organizations are individually and collectively responsible for the overall quality program, and its effective implementation. This paper defines the work that is being accomplished under

Bonnough

1986-01-01

360

Quality Assurance in Higher Education in 20 MENA Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decades have witnessed an increased concern in higher education over accountability, quality and productivity, and a struggle to meet increasingly complex challenges. This is more so in Middle East and North African (MENA) economies that witnessed a large expansion as a result of a high social demand and massification policies adopted by…

El Hassan, K.

2013-01-01

361

Quality-assurance program for field health laboratories  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (and previously the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969) established mandatory dust standards for coal mines. Title II requires the Secretary of Labor to make frequent inspections of coal mines to determine compliance with the mandated 2.0 mg/cu m respirable-dust standard. Such inspections are made by representatives of the Secretary, who are coal-mine inspectors of the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Sampling equipment used to assess respirable dust concentrations is calibrated and maintained at local field laboratories located in each Coal Mine Safety and Health district. Samples collected during inspections are weighed and analyzed at these laboratories. A selected number of laboratories are also qualified to weigh operator samples in accordance with provisions promulgated in Title 30, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 70. This paper describes the quality-assurance program conducted to assure the performance integrity of the field laboratories in the maintenance and calibration of respirable-dust-sampling equipment and the weighing of respirable coal mine dust samples.

Treaftis, H.N.; Parobeck, P.S.

1984-01-01

362

Quality assurance and reliability in the Japanese electronics industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality and reliability are two attributes required for all Japanese products, although the JTEC panel found these attributes to be secondary to customer cost requirements. While our Japanese hosts gave presentations on the challenges of technology, cost, and miniaturization, quality and reliability were infrequently the focus of our discussions. Quality and reliability were assumed to be sufficient to meet customer needs. Fujitsu's slogan, 'quality built-in, with cost and performance as prime consideration,' illustrates this point. Sony's definition of a next-generation product is 'one that is going to be half the size and half the price at the same performance of the existing one'. Quality and reliability are so integral to Japan's electronics industry that they need no new emphasis.

Pecht, Michael; Boulton, William R.

1995-01-01

363

A "Quality Revolution" Constrained? A Critical Reflection on Quality Assurance Methodology from the South African Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts a brief meta-reflection on quality assurance policy and practice in South African higher education, with a focus on methodology. More specifically it seeks to answer the question "What are the effects of the Higher Education Quality Committee's (HEQC) quality assurance technologies on institutional practice and how could they…

Luckett, Kathy

2010-01-01

364

Verification of Quality Assurance of Education through Syllabus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Merits to show syllabuses to students are as follows. Students can understand the flow of learning and receive class smoothly. Teachers also can give them learning guidance smoothly. Therefore it is indicated that the syllabus is the first step of quality assurance of education. The aims of this paper are to analyze the contents of whole Kumamoto university?s syllabuses in 2008 and to classify methods of assessment. Consequently, the progress of classwork was clearly described, but the concreteness of a goal and the methods of assessment were not clearly described in most of class. The contents of syllabus have been improved after JABEE accreditation which the department of Engineering is working on. Therefore JABEE examination worked the improvement of syllabuses. The methods of assessment are classified roughly under two groups. One group mainly sets a periodical examination, another group mainly gives exercises and assignments.

Kakimoto, Ryuji; Yamao, Toshitaka

365

Plant information management system - a quality assurance perspective  

SciTech Connect

The requirements for a comprehensive up-to-date and accessible information data base and management system in the nuclear power plant environment are closely tied to its quality assurance (QA) program. At Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG and E's) Diablo Canyon Power Plant, such a system is in place, fully operational, and has established a new standard of excellence for information management within the nuclear industry. As a direct result of this system, the functions of plant maintenance, commitment tracking, personnel management, and radiological control are now conducted in a more accurate, timely, and cost-effective manner, with direct positive impact on the operational QA program at Diable Canyon. The plant information management system (PIMS) employed at Diablo Canyon is an integrated system that automates the majority of the plant staff's activities in performing daily and outage maintenance-related tasks.

Brake, T.; Perrelli, L.

1987-01-01

366

Aspects of monitoring and quality assurance for radiolabeled antibodies  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an informational resource and guide for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and NRC licensees who produce or use radiolabeled antibodies (RABs). Components of quality assurance programs related to the production and use of RABs are reviewed and evaluated, and recommendations are made on dosage calibrations, exposure control, monitoring, and personnel requirements. Special emphasis is placed on dose calibrators because these instruments are used extensively to measure the dosage of radiopharmaceuticals to be administered to patients. The difficulties of using dose calibrators to quantify dosages of beta- and alpha-emitters are discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of using other instruments are examined, and recommendations are made on the types of instruments to be used for different applications. 46 refs., 8 tabs.

Barber, D.E. (Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (United States). School of Public Health)

1992-06-01

367

Langley Wind Tunnel Data Quality Assurance-Check Standard Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for statistical evaluation, control and improvement of wind funnel measurement processes is presented The methodology is adapted from elements of the Measurement Assurance Plans developed by the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) for standards and calibration laboratories. The present methodology is based on the notions of statistical quality control (SQC) together with check standard testing and a small number of customer repeat-run sets. The results of check standard and customer repeat-run -sets are analyzed using the statistical control chart-methods of Walter A. Shewhart long familiar to the SQC community. Control chart results are presented for. various measurement processes in five facilities at Langley Research Center. The processes include test section calibration, force and moment measurements with a balance, and instrument calibration.

Hemsch, Michael J.; Grubb, John P.; Krieger, William B.; Cler, Daniel L.

2000-01-01

368

Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: The First Five Exercises  

PubMed Central

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Program participants measure concentrations of active and/or marker compounds as well as nutritional and toxic elements in food and dietary supplements distributed by NIST. Data are compiled at NIST, where they are analyzed for accuracy relative to reference values and concordance among the participants. Performance reports and certificates of completion are provided to participants, which can be used to demonstrate compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices as promulgated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The DSQAP has conducted five exercises to date, with total participation including more than 75 different laboratories and many more individual analysts.

Phillips, Melissa M.; Rimmer, Catherine A.; Wood, Laura J.; Lippa, Katrice A.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Duewer, David L.; Sander, Lane C.; Betz, Joseph M.

2011-01-01

369

Software quality assurance plan for void fraction instrument  

SciTech Connect

Waste Tank SY-101 has been the focus of extensive characterization work over the past few years. The waste continually generates gases, most notably hydrogen, which are periodically released from the waste. Gas can be trapped in tank waste in three forms: as void gas (bubbles), dissolved gas, or absorbed gas. Void fraction is the volume percentage of a given sample that is comprised of void gas. The void fraction instrument (VFI) acquires the data necessary to calculate void fraction. This document covers the product, Void Fraction Data Acquisition Software. The void fraction software being developed will have the ability to control the void fraction instrument hardware and acquire data necessary to calculate the void fraction in samples. This document provides the software quality assurance plan, verification and validation plan, and configuration management plan for developing the software for the instrumentation that will be used to obtain void fraction data from Tank SY-101

Gimera, M.

1994-10-18

370

Quality Interaction Between Mission Assurance and Project Team Members  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation demonstrates the importance of value added Mission Assurance to flight operations in order to assure mission success and the Health and Safety of the mission, (i.e., the Spitzer space Telescope.)

Kwong-Fu, Helenann H.; Wilson, Robert K.

2006-01-01

371

Forensic entomology: implementing quality assurance for expertise work.  

PubMed

The Department of Forensic Entomology (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale, France) was accredited by the French Committee of Accreditation (Cofrac's Healthcare section) in October 2007 on the basis of NF EN ISO/CEI 17025 standard. It was the first accreditation in this specific field of forensic sciences in France and in Europe. The present paper introduces the accreditation process in forensic entomology (FE) through the experience of the Department of Forensic Entomology. Based upon the identification of necrophagous insects and the study of their biology, FE must, as any other expertise work in forensic sciences, demonstrate integrity and good working practice to satisfy both the courts and the scientific community. FE does not, strictly speaking, follow an analytical method. This could explain why, to make up for a lack of appropriate quality reference, a specific documentation was drafted and written by the staff of the Department of Forensic Entomology in order to define working methods complying with quality standards (testing methods). A quality assurance system is laborious to set up and maintain and can be perceived as complex, time-consuming and never-ending. However, a survey performed in 2011 revealed that the accreditation process in the frame of expertise work has led to new well-defined working habits, based on an effort at transparency. It also requires constant questioning and a proactive approach, both profitable for customers (magistrates, investigators) and analysts (forensic entomologists). PMID:23842668

Gaudry, Emmanuel; Dourel, Laurent

2013-09-01

372

National protocol for quality assurance in DXA-bone densitometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Osteoporosis becomes largely one of the most important socially significant and costly diseases. Modern techniques (DXA, US) are applied for bone densitometry. The paper presents a protocol for quality assurance especially of DXA-bone densitometers including quality control made in compliance with international standards (ISCD, IOF). The methodology has been tested in practice by measurements on site-functional assessment, entrance dose, radiation protection, calibration, in-vitro precision. It is expected to raise the quality of the diagnostic process in concert with the EU Medical Directive 97/43 particularly for population screening and sensitive groups. The protocol is an essential part of the National Program for constraining osteoporosis which has been elaborated at the Ministry of Health and at present under implementation throughout the country. It aims at reducing the risk, factors spreading, at diminishing the fracture risk the morbidity and the mortality from osteoporosis. An integral multidisciplinary approach to the problem solving is applied as well as training on three levels — doctors, patients, population, which effectively will contribute for obtaining real results in preventing osteoporosis.

Slavchev, A.; Avramova-Cholakova, S.; Vassileva, J.

2008-01-01

373

242-A evaporator quality assurance project plan: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is sampling and analytical services including, but not limited to, sample receipt, handling and storage, analytical measurements, submittal of data deliverables, archiving selected portions of samples, returning unneeded sample material to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and/or sample disposal associated with candidate feed samples and process condensate compliance samples. Sampling and shipping activities are also included within the scope. The purpose of this project is to provide planning, implementation, and assessment guidance for achieving established data quality objectives measurement parameters. This Plan requires onsite and offsite laboratories to conform to that guidance. Laboratory conformance will help ensure that quality data are being generated and therefore, that the 242-A evaporator is operating in a safe and compliant manner. The 242-A evaporator feed stream originates from double-shell tanks (DSTs) identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending it to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF) storage basin before further treatment. The slurry product is returned to DSTs. Evaporation results in considerable savings by reducing the volume of mixed waste for disposal.

Tucker, B.J.

1994-11-04

374

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 75 - Quality Assurance and Quality Control Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...output). Qh = Hourly stack gas volumetric flow rate, as measured...quality-assured flow rate data and diluent gas (CO2 or O2 ) concentration...if the fuel is in a different state of matter (i.e., solid, liquid, or gas) than is the fuel...

2010-07-01

375

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 75 - Quality Assurance and Quality Control Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...output). Qh = Hourly stack gas volumetric flow rate, as measured...quality-assured flow rate data and diluent gas (CO2 or O2 ) concentration...if the fuel is in a different state of matter (i.e., solid, liquid, or gas) than is the fuel...

2009-07-01

376

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 75 - Quality Assurance and Quality Control Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...output). Qh = Hourly stack gas volumetric flow rate, as measured...quality-assured flow rate data and diluent gas (CO2 or O2 ) concentration...if the fuel is in a different state of matter (i.e., solid, liquid, or gas) than is the fuel...

2013-07-01

377

Data quality monitor as the final quality assurance procedure for the ALICE-TOF detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

All the steps which led to the construction of the ALICE-TOF detector were strictly followed by a set of quality assurance procedures to guarantee high and uniform performances. Once a module of the detector (whose basic element is the Multigap Resistive Plate Chamber) is assembled, a final test concerning the data readout applies. While the detector is taking data, both

A. Akindinov; A. Alici; P. Antonioli; S. Arcelli; Y. W. Baek; M. Basile; G. Cara Romeo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; A. De Caro; D. De Gruttola; S. De Pasquale; M. Fusco Girard; C. Guarnaccia; D. Hatzifotiadou; H. T. Jung; W. W. Jung; D. S. Kim; D. W. Kim; H. N. Kim; J. S. Kim; S. Kiselev; G. Laurenti; K. Lee; S. C. Lee; M. L. Luvisetto; D. Malkevich; A. Margotti; R. Nania; A. Nedosekin; F. Noferini; P. Pagano; A. Pesci; R. Preghenella; G. Russo; M. Ryabinin; E. Scapparone; G. Scioli; A. Silenzi; M. Tchoumakov; K. Voloshin; M. C. S. Williams; B. Zagreev; C. Zampolli; A. Zichichi

2009-01-01

378

Quality assurance in road traffic analyses in Switzerland.  

PubMed

Swiss laboratories performing toxicological road traffic analyses have been authorized for many years by the Swiss Federal Roads Office (FEDRO). In 2003 FEDRO signed a contract with the Swiss Society of Legal Medicine (SSLM) to organize the complete quality management concerning road traffic analyses. For this purpose a multidisciplinary working group was established under the name of "road traffic commission (RTC)". RTC has to organize external quality control, to interpret the results of these controls, to perform audits in the laboratories and to report all results to FEDRO. Furthermore the working group can be mandated for special tasks by FEDRO. As an independent organization the Swiss Center for Quality Control (CSCQ) in Geneva manages the external quality controls in the laboratory over the past years. All tested drugs and psychoactive substances are listed in a federal instruction. The so-called 'zero tolerance substances' (THC, morphine, cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and MDEA) and their metabolites have to be tested once a year, all other substances (benzodiazepines, zolpidem, phenobarbital, etc.) periodically. Results over the last years show that all laboratories are generally within the confidence interval of +/-30% of the mean value. In cases of non-conformities measures have to be taken immediately and reported to the working group. External audits are performed triennially but accredited laboratories can combine this audit with the approval of the Swiss Accreditation Service (SAS). During the audits a special checklist filled in by the laboratory director is assessed. Non-conformities have to be corrected. During the process of establishing a new legislation, RTC had an opportunity of advising FEDRO. In collaboration with FEDRO, RTC and hence SSLM can work actively on improving of quality assurance in road traffic toxicological analyses, and has an opportunity to bring its professional requests to the federal authorities. PMID:20083364

Briellmann, Thomas A; Sigrist, Thomas; Augsburger, Marc; Favrat, Bernard; Oestreich, Andrea; Deom, André

2010-05-20

379

Quality assurance, in the transportation for the waste from the TMI-2 reactor  

SciTech Connect

Quality assurance for the removal of waste from TMI-2, its packaging, and transportation required a significant cooperative effort as the operational mode for the quality assurance program. The waste generator, the shipper, and waste storage organizations are individually and collectively responsible for the overall quality program, and its effective implementation. This paper defines the work that is being accomplished under DOE TMI-2 Programs, reflecting the Quality Assurance emphasis, and outlines how the quality achieving and assuring activities are being, or have been accomplished. This paper focuses on the quality assurance roles and responsibilities of (1) the DOE Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), and (2) EG and G Idaho, and the QA interface with other organizations to accomplish the mission.

Bonnough, T.L.

1986-01-01

380

Quality Assurance in Tissue Resources Supporting Biomedical Research  

PubMed Central

Modern biomedical research requires access to high quality specimens of human tissue with or without extensive clinical annotation. Multiple types of organizations have developed to supply human tissues to support biomedical research. These organizations follow different models including the specific models of 1) prospective collection, 2) tissue banking, and 3) tissue collection associated with clinical trials as well as the model of 4) a tissue resource that incorporates features of the other models. These types of organizations devoted to supplying tissues for research have chosen different goals to meet the different tissue and informational needs of the investigators to whom they supply tissue. In order to provide high quality tissues to support research, all models should rely on a strong quality assurance program with extensive quality control of the tissues being provided to support research. In addition to facilities which collect, process, store and provide tissues, the need for a rigorous QA program applies to all resources and infrastructures used to support biomedical research. The UAB Tissue Collection and Banking Facility which provides human tissue to support biomedical research has been functioning and developing since 1979. To our knowledge, similar programs in providing tissues from animals are less developed, but could easily follow the models which UAB and other institutions providing human tissues have established, including the approaches of UAB and others to QA and QC. This manuscript reviews the current concepts of QA and QC in use in organizations supplying tissue to support biomedical research as well as new approaches in QA and QC that have been proposed.

Grizzle, William E.; Sexton, Katherine C.; Bell, Walter C.

2009-01-01

381

Information Assurance and Corporate Strategy: A Delphi Study of Choices, Challenges, and Developments for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we identified processes associated with strengthening the alignment between information assurance, information systems and corporate strategies so that organizations could more effectively address legal and regulatory challenges. Our results are based on data gathered from 43 preliminary interviews and a subsequent Delphi exercise. The Delphi panel rated these processes in terms of desirability and feasibility. After three

Elspeth McFadzean; Jean-Noël Ezingeard; David William Birchall

2011-01-01

382

Extending cluster lot quality assurance sampling designs for surveillance programs.  

PubMed

Lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) has a long history of applications in industrial quality control. LQAS is frequently used for rapid surveillance in global health settings, with areas classified as poor or acceptable performance on the basis of the binary classification of an indicator. Historically, LQAS surveys have relied on simple random samples from the population; however, implementing two-stage cluster designs for surveillance sampling is often more cost-effective than simple random sampling. By applying survey sampling results to the binary classification procedure, we develop a simple and flexible nonparametric procedure to incorporate clustering effects into the LQAS sample design to appropriately inflate the sample size, accommodating finite numbers of clusters in the population when relevant. We use this framework to then discuss principled selection of survey design parameters in longitudinal surveillance programs. We apply this framework to design surveys to detect rises in malnutrition prevalence in nutrition surveillance programs in Kenya and South Sudan, accounting for clustering within villages. By combining historical information with data from previous surveys, we design surveys to detect spikes in the childhood malnutrition rate. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24633656

Hund, Lauren; Pagano, Marcello

2014-07-20

383

(abstract) Mission Operations and Control Assurance: Flight Operations Quality Improvements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA), a recent addition to flight operations teams at JPL. provides a system level function to instill quality in mission operations. MO&CA's primary goal at JPL is to help improve the operational reliability for projects during flight. MO&CA tasks include early detection and correction of process design and procedural deficiencies within projects. Early detection and correction are essential during development of operational procedures and training of operational teams. MO&CA's effort focuses directly on reducing the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. Over the last seven years at JPL, MO&CA has become a valuable asset to JPL flight projects. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's efforts to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit directly from previous and ongoing experience. Since MO&CA, like Total Quality Management (TQM), focuses on continuous improvement of processes and elimination of rework, we recommend that this effort be continued on NASA flight projects.

Welz, Linda L.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Kazz, Sheri L.; Witkowski, Mona M.

1993-01-01

384

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Which Pasts to Build On, What Futures to Contemplate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is a reflection on the pasts and futures of quality assurance in higher education. It poses questions about the correlation between the geographical and political spread of quality assurance on the one hand and the resulting educational benefits on the other; about the divergences between critics and practitioners on the likely impacts…

Singh, Mala

2010-01-01

385

Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project) Quality Assurance Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope of the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Groundwater and Technical Integration Support (Master Project) is to provide technical and integration support to Fluor Hanford, Inc., including operable unit investigations at 300-FF-5 and other groundwater operable units, strategic integration, technical integration and assessments, remediation decision support, and science and technology. This Quality Assurance Management Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and

Fix

2008-01-01

386

Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

Haapakorpi, Arja

2011-01-01

387

Quality Assurance in Higher Education. Proceedings of an International Conference (Hong Kong, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings presents 17 papers which examine quality assurance and evaluation in higher education, including methodologies, procedures, and ideas from various nations. The papers include: (1) "Quality Assurance in Higher Education" (Malcolm Frazer); (2) "Academic Standards Panels in Australia" (Kwong Lee Dow); (3) "The French…

Craft, Alma

388

Institutionalisation of Internal Quality Assurance: Focusing on Institutional Work and the Significance of Disciplinary Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study suggests that institutionalisation of a comprehensive and systematic approach to internal quality assurance of higher education institutions inspired by the Bologna Process has regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions. It includes development of structures and procedures for quality assurance, as well as boosting of the…

Vukasovic, Martina

2014-01-01

389

VERIDOS: A New Tool for Quality Assurance for Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The use of intensity modulated radiation fields needs an extended quality assurance concept. This consists of a linac related part and a case related part. Case related means the verification of an individual treatment plan, optimized on a CT data set of an individual patient and prepared for the treatment of this patient. This part of the quality assurance

Tilo Wiezorek; Michael Schwedas; Marcel Scheithauer; Henning Salz; Matthias Bellemann; Thomas G. Wendt

2002-01-01

390

Overseeing One-Stops: A WIB Member's Guide to Quality Assurance. Workforce Board Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to give workforce investment boards (WIBs) a practical framework for overseeing the performance of one-stop career centers. The introduction presents background information on a proposed quality assurance framework and the guide's format and development. The first two sections explain the importance of quality assurance to…

2000

391

Quality Assurance in Engineering Education: Comparison of Accreditation Schemes and ISO 9001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines quality assurance schemes for distance-education technologies that are based on the ISO 9000 family of international quality-assurance standards. Argues that engineering faculties can establish such systems on the basis of and integrated with accreditation schemes. Contains 34 references. (DDR)

Karapetrovic, Stanislav; Rajamani, Divakar; Willborn, Walter

1998-01-01

392

First External Evaluations of Quality Assurance Agencies--Lessons Learned. ENQA Workshop Report 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminar on the first external evaluations of quality assurance agencies, held in Paris in July 2008. The seminar took stock of the achieved reviews of agencies to learn lessons from these first outcomes and, hence, provided a platform for…

Costes, Nathalie; Curvale, Bruno; Kraft, Michael G.; Llavori, Rafael; Malan, Thierry; Szanto, Tibor

2010-01-01

393

EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) ROLE IN THE QUALITY ASSURANCE OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTANT MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's roll in the quality assurance of monitoring data is to assist monitoring agencies by providing those quality assurance services or functions that (1) are common to most monitoring agencies and would be uneconomical to duplicate in each agency's program, (2) are too costly f...

394

A quality assurance procedure for the Varian multi-leaf collimator.  

PubMed

A quick, simple set of tests has been devised to assess and record the quality assurance aspects of the Varian multi-leaf collimator (MLC) when used for clinical treatments on a regular basis. Pre-treatment, daily and weekly checks are performed by the radiographers while more detailed quality assurance is carried out at monthly and quarterly intervals by physicists. PMID:9044424

Mubata, C D; Childs, P; Bidmead, A M

1997-02-01

395

Terminology of Quality Assurance: Towards Shared European Values? ENQA Occasional Papers 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this publication ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) has taken the opportunity to bring together two distinct but related reports. Part 1 examines the language of European quality assurance. It grew out of the debates and discussions at an ENQA workshop in Warwick in June 2006. The success of the workshop…

Crozier, Fiona; Curvale, Bruno; Dearlove, Rachel; Helle, Emmi; Henard, Fabrice

2006-01-01

396

Interactive open access publishing and collaborative peer review for improved scientific communication and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional ways of scientific publishing and peer review do not live up to the needs of efficient communication and quality assurance in today's highly diverse and rapidly developing world of science. Therefore, new opportunities for enhanced scientific quality assurance are among the most important advantages and perspectives of open access to scientific publications. Open access gives referees more information

Ulrich Pöschl; Thomas Koop

397

The Phases and Paradoxes of Educational Quality Assurance: The Case of the Singapore Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight three important insights into educational quality assurance, using Singapore as a case study. It is useful to policy makers and practitioners to understand the phases and paradoxes in their educational quality assurance journey so that they may recognise and manage better the complex dynamics of…

Ng, Pak Tee

2008-01-01

398

Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a cross-cultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a…

Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

2011-01-01

399

Recognition and quality assurance in LIS : New approaches for lifelong learning in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The term “lifelong learning” is used for combining formal, informal and non-formal education and training, with a reconsideration of professional recognition and quality assurance processes. The objectives of the article are to demonstrate the need of cooperation in quality assurance and recognition between higher education institutions and vocational education and training accreditors, with particular focus on exchange of

Anna Maria Tammaro

2005-01-01

400

The Impact of the Bologna Process on the Development of the Greek Quality Assurance System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greece, an EU-member state since 1981, lagged behind other European countries in the development of a national quality assurance system. This article charts the route to the establishment of a quality assurance system in Greece. While national evaluation and accreditation systems were established in most European countries during the mid-1980s and…

Asderaki, Foteini

2009-01-01

401

Bologna and Quality Assurance: Progress Made or Pulling the Wrong Cart?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution looks critically at the achievements regarding the Bologna action line "European cooperation in quality assurance". Much has been realised but most of the visible achievements are at the supranational level: the development of the European Standards and Guidelines, the launch of the European Network of Quality Assurance Agencies,…

Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don F.

2010-01-01

402

Knowledge, Power and Meanings Shaping Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Systemic Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationally, quality assurance schemes persist despite long-standing dissatisfaction and critique of their impact and outcomes. Adopting a critical systems perspective, the article explores the relationships between the knowledge, power and meanings that stakeholder groups bring to the design and implementation of quality assurance systems.…

Houston, Don; Paewai, Shelley

2013-01-01

403

Twenty Years of Quality Assurance in Higher Education: What's Happened and What's Different?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years ago, the federal government in the US first required institutional accrediting organisations, America's principal mechanism for quality assurance in higher education, to review institutional practices with respect to the assessment of student learning outcomes. Much that affects quality assurance has changed in the ensuing two decades…

Ewell, Peter

2010-01-01

404

Quality assurance program for surveillance of fast reactor mixed oxide fuel analytical chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective quality assurance program for the chemical analysis of nuclear fuel is essential to assure that the fuel will meet the strict chemical specifications required for optimum reactor performance. Such a program has been in operation since 1972 for the fuels manufactured for the Fast Flux Test Facility. This program, through the use of common quality control and calibration

J. E. Rein; R. K. Zeigler; G. R. Waterbury; W. E. McClung; P. R. Praetorius; W. L. Delvin

1976-01-01

405

National Research Laboratory Generic Project Quality Assurance Plan for Research and Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Project Quality Assurance Plan (PQAP) sets forth the requirements for the National Research Laboratory's research Divisions' quality assurance programs to comply with the applicable criteria of 10CFR Part 50, Appendix B, ANSI/ASME NQA-1 and to meet t...

E. E. Bain R. L. Hinckley

1986-01-01

406

Quality Management: The New Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper puts forward the argument that there are two kinds of quality management – ‘old’ or classical quality management and ‘new’ quality management. The aim of classical quality management was to analyse errors and eliminate their causes and associated variation by improved product and process design. In recent times a number of major changes have taken place resulting in

Roger Williams; Ton Van Der Wiele; Jos Van Iwaarden; Boudewijn Bertsch; Barrie Dale

2006-01-01

407

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR LABORATORIES PERFORMING FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL TERRORISM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Scientific Working Group on Forensic Analysis of Chemical Terrorism (SWGFACT) has developed the following quality assurance guidelines to provide laboratories engaged in forensic analysis of chemical evidence associated with terrorism a framework to implement a quality assura...

408

77 FR 8209 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...private sector in any one year. Rules establishing quality assurance requirements impose no costs independent from national emission standards...and does not affect pollutant emissions or air quality. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not...

2012-02-14

409

Gulf of Mexico dissolved oxygen model (GoMDOM) research and quality assurance project plan  

EPA Science Inventory

An integrated high resolution mathematical modeling framework is being developed that will link hydrodynamic, atmospheric, and water quality models for the northern Gulf of Mexico. This Research and Quality Assurance Project Plan primarily focuses on the deterministic Gulf of Me...

410

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS. VOLUME III. STATIONARY SOURCE SPECIFIC METHODS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on stationary source emission measurements. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the stationary source emission measurement program, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. Th...

411

Establishment and Results of a Magnetic Resonance Quality Assurance Program for the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium  

PubMed Central

Rationale and Objectives: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is used to assess brain tumor response to therapies and a MR quality assurance program is necessary for multicenter clinical trials employing imaging. This study was performed to determine overall variability of quantitative image metrics measured with the American College of Radiology (ACR) phantom among 11 sites participating in the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium (PBTC) Neuroimaging Center (NIC) MR quality assurance (MR QA) program. Materials and Methods An MR QA program was implemented among 11 participating PBTC sites and quarterly evaluations of scanner performance for seven imaging metrics defined by the ACR were sought and subject to statistical evaluation over a 4.5 year period. Overall compliance with the QA program, means, standard deviations and coefficients of variation (CV) for the quantitative imaging metrics were evaluated. Results Quantitative measures of the seven imaging metrics were generally within ACR recommended guidelines for all sites. Compliance improved as the study progressed. Inter-site variabilities as gauged by coefficients of variation (CV) for slice thickness and geometric accuracy, imaging parameters that influence size and/or positioning measurements in tumor studies, were on the order of 10 % and 1% respectively. Conclusion Although challenging to establish, MR QA programs within the context of PBTC multi-site clinical trials when based on the ACR MR phantom program can a) indicate sites performing below acceptable image quality levels and b) establish levels of precision through instrumental variabilities that are relevant to quantitative image analyses, e.g. tumor volume changes.

Mulkern, Robert V.; Forbes, Peter; Dewey, Kevin; Osganian, Stravoula; Clark, Maureen; Wong, Sharon; Ramamurthy, Uma; Kun, Larry; Poussaint, Tina Young

2008-01-01

412

Student evaluation of a primary care clerkship: quality assurance and identification of potential for improvement  

PubMed Central

Background In Germany, like many other countries, general practice clerkships have only recently become mandatory during medical education. The biggest challenges for the organisation of such clerkships are achieving a minimum level of standardisation, and developing and maintaining a system of quality assurance. The aim of this study is to assess the instructional quality in teaching practices using a benchmark system. Methods Before commencing, students anonymously assessed the importance of core aspects of the mandatory primary care clerkship. After the clerkship, they evaluated learning opportunities and teaching performance. Based on this data, a benchmark system was developed to identify areas of strength and weakness for all practices as well as individual teaching practices. Results A total of 695 students evaluated 97 general practices belonging to a teaching network. Prior to the clerkship, most students considered recognition of frequent diseases (85%) and communication skills (65%) the most important learning goals. After the clerkship, nearly 90% of students confirmed that the general practitioner (GP) was good or excellent at teaching these two goals but only two-thirds thought the GP's teaching performance good or excellent in preventive medicine and screening. In an exemplary analysis, we identified the 2 best and the 2 worst practices that consistently received scores far above or below average, respectively. Conclusion We were able to identify areas of weakness in teaching and identified specific GPs who did not meet the students' needs and expectations. This evaluation seems to be a useful quality assurance tool to identify the potential for improvement and faculty development.

Chenot, Jean-Francois; Kochen, Michael M; Himmel, Wolfgang

2009-01-01

413

A conceptual study of automatic and semi-automatic quality assurance techniques for round image processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the results of a study conducted by Engineering and Economics Research (EER), Inc. under NASA Contract Number NAS5-27513. The study involved the development of preliminary concepts for automatic and semiautomatic quality assurance (QA) techniques for ground image processing. A distinction is made between quality assessment and the more comprehensive quality assurance which includes decision making and system feedback control in response to quality assessment.

1983-01-01

414

Quality assurance measurements of a-si epid performance  

SciTech Connect

The performance stability of a Varian aS500 amorphous silicon (a-Si) electronic portal imaging device (EPID) was monitored over an 18-month period using a variety of standard quality assurance (QA) tests. The tests were selected to provide ongoing information about image quality and dose response from the time of EPID acceptance into clinical service. To evaluate imaging performance, we made spatial resolution and contrast measurements using both PortalVision and QC-3V phantoms for 6- and 15-MV photon beams at repetition rates of 100, 300, and 400 MU/min in standard scanning mode. To assess operational stability for dosimetry applications, we measured central axis radiation response and beam pulse variability for the same image acquisition modes. Using the QC-3V phantom, values for the critical frequency of 0.435 {+-} 0.005 lp/mm for 6 MV and 0.382 {+-} 0.003 lp/mm for 15 MV were obtained. The contrast-to-noise ratio was found to be {approx}20% higher for the lower photon energy. Beam pulse variability remained within the tolerance of 3% set by the manufacturer. The central axis pixel response of the EPID remained constant within {+-}1% over a 5-month period for the 6-MV beam, but fell {approx}4% over the same period for the 15-MV beam. The Varian aS500 EPID studied exhibited consistent image quality and a stable radiation response. These characteristics render it suitable for quantitative applications such as clinical dose measurement.

Menon, Geetha V.; Sloboda, Ron S

2004-03-31

415

Society of Quality Assurance demographic and salary survey.  

PubMed

A demographic and salary survey of the Society of Quality Assurance (SQA) was completed in early 1995. This survey was undertaken by the SQA Board of Publications and is the second to be commissioned by the Society. The SQA survey addressed demographic information, employer information, job description, and salary data. A total fo 399 responses were received--60% from women and 40% from men. The median age of respondents was between 36 and 40 years. Most respondents had at least a bachelor's degree and major fields of training were in the areas of biology and chemistry; however, nearly half responding listed other fields of expertise. Approximately 99% of respondents had at least some Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) experience; however, most had little or no Good Clinical Practice (GCP) or current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) experience. A majority of respondents listed pharmaceuticals, contract research, industry, or chemicals/pesticides/petroleum as best describing their facility. Forty-one percent of respondents were auditors or inspectors (approximately half of all respondents did not supervise others) and 34% were managers or directors. Quality assurance (QA) responsibilities included performing inspections/audits, QA program development, reporting to upper management, and hosting outside auditors. Other activities, such as computer validation, budget management, and archive maintenance, were less frequent. Overall, annual salaries were approximately $20,000 or less (3.6%); $20-30,000 (9.8%); $30-40,000 (20.8%); $40-50,000 (22.6%); $50-60,000 (17.3%); $60-70,000 (10.5%); $70-80,000 (6.9%); and $80,000 or more (8.5%). The median annual salary for the survey was $45-50,000 per year. Salaries increased with education and years of experience. For example, annual salaries ranged from $25-30,000 for 2-5 years of experience to $50-60,000 for > 20 years of experience. Median annual salaries were substantially higher for pharmaceutical and chemical/pesticide/petroleum companies ($50-60,000) compared to contract research laboratories ($35-40,000). Salaries for consultants were highly variable, ranging from under $15,000 per year to > $100,000 per year. PMID:9436238

Brodish, D; Bandoli, M; Smith, R

1997-01-01

416

Quality-Assurance Plan for Water-Quality Activities of the U.S. Geological Survey in Miami, Florida  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Discipline of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Miami to conduct water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Miami USGS for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the Miami USGS quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities.

compiled by Lietz, A. C.

2003-01-01

417

40 CFR 160.35 - Quality assurance unit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PESTICIDE PROGRAMS GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE STANDARDS Organization...each study to assure management that the facilities...personnel, methods, practices, records, and...study director and management immediately....

2013-07-01

418

40 CFR 792.35 - Quality assurance unit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ACT (CONTINUED) GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE STANDARDS Organization...each study to assure management that the facilities...personnel, methods, practices, records, and...study director and management immediately....

2013-07-01

419

QUALITY ASSURANCE: THE THREAD THAT WEAVES TOGETHER THE FABRIC OF DIVERSE DISCIPLINES  

EPA Science Inventory

Mature Quality Assurance (QA) programs do not call for high quality! However, they most often demand known quality. We can intuitively sense quality in our daily lives. Protection of the environment is, in part, dependent on the quality of data used in decision making. Wh...

420

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: The Evolution of Systems and Design Ideals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of quality assurance in colleges and universities looks at theories and definitions of quality; four approaches to quality (traditional peer review, the assessment-and-outcomes movement, the Total Quality Management movement, and accountability and performance indicator reporting); the moral and ethical dimensions of quality; and ideals…

Bogue, E. Grady

1998-01-01

421

Photovoltaic system criteria documents. Volume 2: Quality assurance criteria for photovoltaic applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality assurance criteria are described for manufacturers and installers of solar photovoltaic tests and applications. Quality oriented activities are outlined to be pursued by the contractor/subcontractor to assure the physical and operational quality of equipment produced is included. In the broad sense, guidelines are provided for establishing a QA organization if none exists. Mainly, criteria is provided to be considered in any PV quality assurance plan selected as appropriate by the responsible Field Center. A framework is established for a systematic approach to ensure that photovoltaic tests and applications are constructed in a timely and cost effective manner.

Koenig, John C.; Billitti, Joseph W.; Tallon, John M.

1979-01-01

422

Helical tomotherapy quality assurance with ArcCHECK.  

PubMed

To design a quality assurance (QA) procedure for helical tomotherapy that measures multiple beam parameters with 1 delivery and uses a rotating gantry to simulate treatment conditions. The customized QA procedure was preprogrammed on the tomotherapy operator station. The dosimetry measurements were performed using an ArcCHECK diode array and an A1SL ion chamber inserted in the central holder. The ArcCHECK was positioned 10cm above the isocenter so that the 21-cm diameter detector array could measure the 40-cm wide tomotherapy beam. During the implementation of the new QA procedure, separate comparative measurements were made using ion chambers in both liquid and solid water, the tomotherapy onboard detector array, and a MapCHECK diode array for a period of 10 weeks. There was good agreement (within 1.3%) for the beam output and cone ratio obtained with the new procedure and the routine QA measurements. The measured beam energy was comparable (0.3%) to solid water measurement during the 10-week evaluation period, excluding 2 of the 10 measurements with unusually high background. The symmetry reading was similarly compromised for those 2 weeks, and on the other weeks, it deviated from the solid water reading by ~2.5%. The ArcCHECK phantom presents a suitable alternative for performing helical tomotherapy QA, provided the background is collected properly. The proposed weekly procedure using ArcCHECK and water phantom makes the QA process more efficient. PMID:24433834

Chapman, David; Barnett, Rob; Yartsev, Slav

2014-01-01

423

Guidelines for hypertension: are quality-assurance measures on target?  

PubMed

Guideline committees recommend targets of treatment based on trial data on efficacy and effectiveness. Quality-assurance initiatives apply these parameters in the general practice setting. Therefore, targets must be feasible and achievable by the practicing physicians who are judged by these targets as goals for care. We evaluated 437 patients in the Rush University Hypertension Clinic using the Health Employer Data Information Set (HEDIS) measures for 2000 to assess goal achievement in a practice-based setting. We compared guideline achievement of uncomplicated hypertensive and diabetic subjects to standards dictated by HEDIS, the 6th Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VI), and the American Diabetic Association (ADA)/National Kidney Foundation (NKF). Overall, 276 (63%) patients achieved SBP goal, with 376 (86%) achieving DBP goal and 358 (59%) achieving both goals. However, in the 20% of patients who were diabetic, only 52% had a BP of <140 mm Hg and <90 mm Hg, whereas only 22% achieved the more stringent goals of JNC VI of <130 mm Hg systolic and <85 mm Hg diastolic and only 15% achieved the ADA/NKF goals of <130 mm Hg systolic and <80 mm Hg diastolic. Although goal was achievable in most uncomplicated hypertension, hypertension in diabetes was more difficult to control, despite being more likely to receive enhanced benefit from effective management. Goal-oriented strategy, especially in diabetic subjects, should be aggressively sought rather than relaxing goals to promote achievement. PMID:14752006

Singer, Gregory M; Izhar, Munavvar; Black, Henry R

2004-02-01

424

Using an EPID for patient-specific VMAT quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: A patient-specific quality assurance (QA) method was developed to verify gantry-specific individual multileaf collimator (MLC) apertures (control points) in volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Methods: VMAT treatment plans were generated in an Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS). DICOM images from a Varian EPID (aS1000) acquired in continuous acquisition mode were used for pretreatment QA. Each cine image file contains the grayscale image of the MLC aperture related to its specific control point and the corresponding gantry angle information. The TPS MLC file of this RapidArc plan contains the leaf positions for all 177 control points (gantry angles). In-house software was developed that interpolates the measured images based on the gantry angle and overlays them with the MLC pattern for all control points. The 38% isointensity line was used to define the edge of the MLC leaves on the portal images. The software generates graphs and tables that provide analysis for the number of mismatched leaf positions for a chosen distance to agreement at each control point and the frequency in which each particular leaf mismatches for the entire arc. Results: Seven patients plans were analyzed using this method. The leaves with the highest mismatched rate were found to be treatment plan dependent. Conclusions: This in-house software can be used to automatically verify the MLC leaf positions for all control points of VMAT plans using cine images acquired by an EPID.

Bakhtiari, M.; Kumaraswamy, L.; Bailey, D. W.; Boer, S. de; Malhotra, H. K.; Podgorsak, M. B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 (United States)

2011-03-15

425

Quality assurance issues for therapeutic application of radioactive microspheres.  

PubMed

The use of radioactive microspheres for the treatment of hepatic cancer is a procedure that raises unique quality assurance (QA) concerns. The greatest of these concerns is the coordination of the responsibilities among the medical team members from interventional radiology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, and medical physics. A single QA practice and procedure guidance document does not currently exist that addresses the range of issues of concern for radioactive microspheres. A small sampling of QA issues of concern include imaging QA, procedure-specific imaging protocols, detector calibration, activity measurement, radiation safety, patient dose calculations, and patient-specific QA. Some of the items listed have historically been the responsibility of a single team member, and other items have been concerns for all. A procedural overview of the therapeutic application of radioactive microspheres is presented to illustrate the broad, team-based QA approach necessary to safely and effectively deliver this type of treatment. From this overview, the reader will be able to customize the local QA protocol to meet the local division of responsibilities. PMID:18406915

Dezarn, William A

2008-01-01

426

Quality Assurance, in the Transportation for the Waste from the TMI-2 (Three-Mile Island-2) Reactor.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality assurance for the removal of waste from TMI-2, its packaging, and transportation required a significant cooperative effort as the operational mode for the quality assurance program. The waste generator, the shipper, and waste storage organizations...

T. L. Bonnough

1986-01-01

427

Quality teaching and learning: a quality assurance framework for initial teacher preparation programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education and the challenges of preparing quality teachers are important priorities in many countries. Singapore is no different. The success of what Singapore hopes to achieve in education depends on the quality of its teachers. Competent and effective teachers help build a strong educational system. In response to the nation's need for quality teachers, the National Institute of Education (NIE),

Sylvia Chong; Pauline Ho

2009-01-01

428

Review of State VR Agency Procedures for Case Flagging: A Quality Assurance Activity. Appendix: Examples of State Quality Assurance and Case Flagging Instruments and Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This appendix accompanies a report on state vocational rehabilitation agency practices to control for quality and timelines in case management systems. The materials, related to quality assurance and case flagging, are representative of the variety of methods used by 42 states and Puerto Rico. (The states are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas,…

Stoddard, Susan; And Others

429

Quality Assurance Issues in Conducting Multi-Institutional Advanced Technology Clinical Trials  

SciTech Connect

The National Cancer Institute-sponsored Advanced Technology Quality Assurance (QA) Consortium, which consisted of the Image-Guided Therapy QA Center, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Radiological Physics Center, Quality Assurance Review Center, and Resource Center for Emerging Technologies, has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials that requires volumetric digital data submission of a protocol patient's treatment plan and verification data. In particular, the Image-Guided Therapy QA Center has nearly 15 years experience in facilitating QA review for Radiation Therapy Oncology Group advanced technology clinical trials. This QA process includes (1) a data integrity review for completeness of protocol required elements, the format of data, and possible data corruption, and recalculation of dose-volume histograms; (2) a review of compliance with target volume and organ-at-risk contours by study chairs; and (3) a review of dose prescription and dose heterogeneity compliance by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Headquarters Dosimetry Group or the Radiological Physics Center dosimetrists (for brachytherapy protocols). This report reviews the lessons learned and the QA challenges presented by the use of advanced treatment modalities in clinical trials requiring volumetric digital data submission.

Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)], E-mail: james.purdy@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu

2008-05-01

430

Quality assurance in transnational higher education: a case study of the tropEd network  

PubMed Central

Introduction Transnational or cross-border higher education has rapidly expanded since the 1980s. Together with that expansion issues on quality assurance came to the forefront. This article aims to identify key issues regarding quality assurance of transnational higher education and discusses the quality assurance of the tropEd Network for International Health in Higher Education in relation to these key issues. Methods Literature review and review of documents. Results From the literature the following key issues regarding transnational quality assurance were identified and explored: comparability of quality assurance frameworks, true collaboration versus erosion of national education sovereignty, accreditation agencies and transparency. The tropEd network developed a transnational quality assurance framework for the network. The network accredits modules through a rigorous process which has been accepted by major stakeholders. This process was a participatory learning process and at the same time the process worked positive for the relations between the institutions. Discussion The development of the quality assurance framework and the process provides a potential example for others.

2013-01-01

431

Surface-water quality-assurance plan for the USGS Georgia Water Science Center, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey requires that each Water Science Center prepare a surface-water quality-assurance plan to describe policies and procedures that ensure high quality surface-water data collection, processing, analysis, computer storage, and publication. The Georgia Water Science Center's standards, policies, and procedures for activities related to the collection, processing, analysis, computer storage, and publication of surface-water data are documented in this Surface-Water Quality-Assurance Plan for 2010.

Gotvald, Anthony J.

2010-01-01

432

A research agenda for information quality assurance in public safety networks: information orchestration as the middle ground between hierarchical and netcentric approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the key challenges in public safety networks is to ensure a high level of information quality (IQ) during disaster\\u000a response. Since many evaluation reports on disaster response efforts have revealed instances of poor IQ, both academics and\\u000a practitioners are in search of information architectures that assure IQ. This article focuses on the hurdles and opportunities\\u000a for IQ assurance

Nitesh Bharosa; Marijn Janssen; Yao-Hua Tan

2011-01-01

433

We Can't Go Home Again: Insights from a Quarter Century of Experiments in External Academic Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What have we learned from 25 years of experience with external academic quality assurance that can help design more effective framework conditions for assuring academic standards? The key elements appear to be the structure and means of evaluating national academic quality assurance agencies, the nature of academic quality information mandated by…

Dill, David D.

2010-01-01

434

ENQA: 10 Years (2000-2010): A Decade of European Co-Operation in Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) arises in the late 1990s when the first formal procedures for quality assurance begun to stabilize on a national level. As a result of the European Pilot Projects in the field of external quality assurance during the nineties, participants felt the need for…

Crozier, Fiona, Ed.; Costes, Nathalie, Ed.; Ranne, Paula, Ed.; Stalter, Maria, Ed.

2010-01-01

435

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...acceptance program and an independent assurance (IA) program consisting of the following...sampling and testing is evaluated by an IA program. (iii) If the results...for specific requirements. (2) The IA program shall evaluate the qualified...

2013-04-01

436

An electron beam imaging system for quality assurance in IORT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intraoperative radiation therapy is a special radiotherapy technique, which enables a high dose of radiation to be given in a single fraction during oncological surgery. The major stumbling block to the large-scale application of the technique is the transfer of the patient, with an open wound, from the operating room to the radiation therapy bunker, with the consequent organisational problems and the increased risk of infection. To overcome these limitations, in the last few years a new kind of linear accelerator, the Novac 7, conceived for direct use in the surgical room, has become available. Novac 7 can deliver electron beams of different energies (3, 5, 7 and 9 MeV), with a high dose rate (up to 20 Gy/min). The aim of this work, funded by ENEA in the framework of a research contract, is the development of an innovative system for on-line measurements of 2D dose distributions and electron beam characterisation, before radiotherapy treatment with Novac 7. The system is made up of the following components: (a) an electron-light converter; (b) a 14 bit cooled CCD camera; (c) a personal computer with an ad hoc written software for image acquisition and processing. The performances of the prototype have been characterised experimentally with different electron-light converters. Several tests have concerned the assessment of the detector response as a function of impulse number and electron beam energy. Finally, the experimental results concerning beam profiles have been compared with data acquired with other dosimetric techniques. The achieved results make it possible to say that the developed system is suitable for fast quality assurance measurements and verification of 2D dose distributions.

Casali, F.; Rossi, M.; Morigi, M. P.; Brancaccio, R.; Paltrinieri, E.; Bettuzzi, M.; Romani, D.; Ciocca, M.; Tosi, G.; Ronsivalle, C.; Vignati, M.

2004-01-01

437

Quality assurance methodology for Varian RapidArc treatment plans.  

PubMed

With the commercial introduction of the Varian RapidArc, a new modality for treatment planning and delivery, the need has arisen for consistent and efficient techniques for performing patient-specific quality assurance (QA) tests. In this paper we present our methodology for a RapidArc treatment plan QA procedure. For our measurements we used a 2D diode array (MapCHECK) embedded at 5 cm water equivalent depth in MapPHAN 5 phantom and an Exradin A16 ion chamber placed in six different positions in a cylindrical homogeneous phantom (QUASAR). We also checked the MUs for the RapidArc plans by using independent software (RadCalc). The agreement between Eclipse calculations and MapCHECK/MapPHAN5 measurements was evaluated using both absolute distance-to-agreement (DTA) and gamma index with 10% dose threshold (TH), 3% dose difference (DD), and 3 mm DTA. The average agreement was 94.4% for the DTA approach and 96.3% for the gamma index approach. In high-dose areas, the discrepancy between calculations and ion chamber measurements using the QUASAR phantom was within 4.5% for prostate cases. For the RadCalc calculations, we used the average SSD along the arc; however, for some patients the agreement for the MUs obtained with RadCalc versus Eclipse was inadequate (discrepancy > 5%). In these cases, the plan was divided into partial arc plans so that RadCalc could perform a better estimation of the MUs. The discrepancy was further reduced to within ~4% using this approach. Regardless of the variation in prescribed dose and location of the treated areas, we obtained very good results for all patients studied in this paper. PMID:21081873

Iftimia, Ileana; Cirino, Eileen T; Xiong, Li; Mower, Herbert W

2010-01-01

438

Proton-radiography-based quality assurance of proton range compensator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of proton radiography (pRad) as a patient-specific range compensator (RC) quality assurance (QA) tool and to validate its clinical utility by performing QA on RCs having three kinds of possible defects. In order to achieve pRad for a single EBT film, proton beam currents were modulated with new weighting factors, maximizing the linearity of optical-density-to-thickness ratio. Two RCs, examined to be accurately manufactured as planned, were selected to estimate the feasibility of our pRad. The optical densities of the EBT film on which the RC was irradiated with the modulated proton beam were digitized to pixel values (pv) and then converted to thickness using a thickness-pv calibration curve. The thickness information on the pRad was compared with plan data that had been extracted from treatment planning system. The mean thickness difference (TD) over the flat RC regions was calculated as 0.39 mm, and the standard deviation as 0.22 mm, and the proton scattering effect was analyzed by step phantom measurement. Even proton scattering effected a TD of over 1 mm in the large gradient region, the percentage of pixels over the acceptance criterion was only within 1.11% and 3.49%, respectively, when a 1 mm distance to agreement tolerance limit was applied. The QA results for both precisely and imprecisely manufactured RCs demonstrated the high potential utility and clinical applicability of the pRad-based RC QA tool.

Park, Seyjoon; Jeong, Chiyoung; Kang, Dong Yun; Shin, Jae-ik; Cho, Sungkoo; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Shin, Dongho; Lim, Young Kyung; Kim, Joo-Young; Min, Byung Jun; Kwak, Jungwon; Lee, Jiseoc; Cho, Seungryong; Kim, Dae-Hyun; Park, Sung Yong; Byeong Lee, Se

2013-09-01

439

Quality assurance of radiotherapy in cancer treatment: toward improvement of patient safety and quality of care.  

PubMed

The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. PMID:18952706

Ishikura, Satoshi

2008-11-01

440

Quality assurance for the query and distribution systems of the RCSB Protein Data Bank  

PubMed Central

The RCSB Protein Data Bank (RCSB PDB, www.pdb.org) is a key online resource for structural biology and related scientific disciplines. The website is used on average by 165?000 unique visitors per month, and more than 2000 other websites link to it. The amount and complexity of PDB data as well as the expectations on its usage are growing rapidly. Therefore, ensuring the reliability and robustness of the RCSB PDB query and distribution systems are crucially important and increasingly challenging. This article describes quality assurance for the RCSB PDB website at several distinct levels, including: (i) hardware redundancy and failover, (ii) testing protocols for weekly database updates, (iii) testing and release procedures for major software updates and (iv) miscellaneous monitoring and troubleshooting tools and practices. As such it provides suggestions for how other websites might be operated. Database URL: www.pdb.org

Bluhm, Wolfgang F.; Beran, Bojan; Bi, Chunxiao; Dimitropoulos, Dimitris; Prlic, Andreas; Quinn, Gregory B.; Rose, Peter W.; Shah, Chaitali; Young, Jasmine; Yukich, Benjamin; Berman, Helen M.; Bourne, Philip E.

2011-01-01

441

Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this Quality Assurance Plan is to provide quality assurance (QA) guidance, implementation of regulatory QA requirements, and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the Department of Energy (DOE)-issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) and additional federal [10 US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 830.120] QA requirements that HASQAP does not cover. This document describes how the laboratory implements QA requirements to meet the federal or state requirements, provides what are the default QC specifications, and/or identifies the procedural information that governs how the laboratory operates. In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. This document also covers QA elements that are required in the Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Program Plans (QAPPs), (QAMS-004), and Interim Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Product Plans (QAMS-005) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A QA Index is provided in the Appendix A.

Grabbe, R.R.

1995-03-02

442

Asbestos-Containing Materials in School Buildings: Bulk Sample Analysis Quality Assurance Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

EPA has initiated a quality assurance (QA) program for laboratories claiming capability in the polarized light microscope (PLM) analysis of bulk samples for asbestos. Commercial and non-commercial laboratories participating in the program received samples...

E. P. Brantly D. E. Lentzen

1980-01-01

443

Quality Assurance in Vocational Education: Meeting the Needs of the Nineties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance in vocational education is critical to the productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness of the work force. The process involves vision and mission, management commitment, standards, monitoring, and continuous improvement. (SK)

Navaratnam, K. K.; O'Connor, Rory

1993-01-01

444

76 FR 54800 - International Business Machines (IBM), Software Group Business Unit, Quality Assurance Group, San...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Business Machines (IBM), Software Group Business Unit, Quality Assurance...International Business Machines (IBM), Software Group Business Unit, Optim Data Studio...or proportion of the workers at IBM, Software Group Business Unit, Optim Data...

2011-09-02

445

Quality Assurance Practices for the AN/FMQ-7 Optical Telescope Procurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We are providing this report for your review. We performed the audit in response to a referral from the DoD Hotline concerning an allegation regarding improper contract quality assurance practices by the Defense Contract Management Mea Operations Dallas, ...

1994-01-01

446

Quality Assurance Controls in Research Data Base Management: Nonsense Codes in Hierarchical File Structures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In complex studies using multiple data bases composed of hierarchical file structures, there is a high probability that errors may be perpetuated into summary reports unless some form of quality assurance is integrated into the research data base manageme...

M. P. Farrell, R. H. Strand, A. D. Magoun, C. H. Pennington, H. Schramm

1980-01-01

447

Quality Assurance Plan: Love Canal Study. Appendix Q. Subcontractors' QA Plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

IIT Research Institute (IITRI) has been subcontracted by GCA/Technology Division (GCA) to perform quality assurance checks on ambient air samples taken in the Love Canal area of Niagara Falls, NY. Specifically, the subcontract requires the quantitative an...

1982-01-01

448

Healthcare Inspection: Oversight of Veterans Health Administration Quality Assurance Programs and Contract Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As required by Senate Appropriations Committee Report 111-40, the VA Office of Inspector General (OIG) Office of Healthcare Inspections (OHI) completed a review of Veterans Health Administration quality assurance and oversight programs, including peer rev...

2010-01-01

449

Videoteletraining Delivery of a Quality Assurance Course with a Computer Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Quality Assurance (QA) course containing a student computer laboratory was delivered by videoteletraining (VTT). Two primary treatment groups were compared during four class convenings with a total of 100 students: (1) a VTT local classroom with an inst...

C. D. Wetzel H. L. Pugh N. VanMatre S. W. Parchman

1996-01-01

450

Medical Services: Department of Defense Veterinary/Medical Laboratory Food Safety and Quality Assurance Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This consolidated regulation on Food Safety Evaluation Programs prescribes: policies and functions of the veterinary laboratory service; and specialized requirements and microbiological standards for answering food safety and quality assurance for potenti...

1995-01-01

451

ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN FOR THE DETERMINATION OF XENOBIOTIC CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS IN FISH  

EPA Science Inventory

This report describes the analytical procedures and quality assurance plan used for the determination of xenobiotic chemical contaminants including select pesticides, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls for Phase II of the U.S. EPA National Dioxin Stu...

452

Quality assurance system for conventional island erection of Daya Day Nuclear Power Plant.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The process concerning the establishment, operation and perfection of Quality Assurance System (QA system) experienced by Shandong Electric Power Construction Corporation, Nuclear Power Construction Company (SEPC-NPCC) during the implementation of Convent...

Shi Zhongliang Wu Suozhi Meng Xiangke

1994-01-01

453

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS: VOLUME IV - METEOROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS (REVISED - AUGUST 1994)  

EPA Science Inventory

Procedures on installing, acceptance testing, operating, maintaining and quality assuring three types of ground-based, upper air meteorological measurement systems are described. he limitations and uncertainties in precision and accuracy measurements associated with these systems...

454

78 FR 41075 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Single Family Quality Assurance-Solicitation of Information...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...submitted comments and communications submitted to HUD will...Secretary for Single Family Housing, Office of...FHA-insured single family mortgages originated...defects, or unacceptable patterns of recurring defects...regard to FHA's Single Family Quality Assurance...

2013-07-09

455

Surface water quality-assurance plan for the Hawaii District of the U. S. Geological Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This District Surface Water Quality-Assurance Plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Hawaii District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of surface-water data.

Fontaine, R. A.

2001-01-01

456

Quality assurance in military medical research and medical radiation accident management.  

PubMed

The provision of quality radiation-related medical diagnostic and therapeutic treatments cannot occur without the presence of robust quality assurance and standardization programs. Medical laboratory services are essential in patient treatment and must be able to meet the needs of all patients and the clinical personnel responsible for the medical care of these patients. Clinical personnel involved in patient care must embody the quality assurance process in daily work to ensure program sustainability. In conformance with the German Federal Government's concept for modern departmental research, the international standard ISO 9001, one of the relevant standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), is applied in quality assurance in military medical research. By its holistic approach, this internationally accepted standard provides an excellent basis for establishing a modern quality management system in line with international standards. Furthermore, this standard can serve as a sound basis for the further development of an already established quality management system when additional standards shall apply, as for instance in reference laboratories or medical laboratories. Besides quality assurance, a military medical facility must manage additional risk events in the context of early recognition/detection of health risks of military personnel on deployment in order to be able to take appropriate preventive and protective measures; for instance, with medical radiation accident management. The international standard ISO 31000:2009 can serve as a guideline for establishing risk management. Clear organizational structures and defined work processes are required when individual laboratory units seek accreditation according to specific laboratory standards. Furthermore, international efforts to develop health laboratory standards must be reinforced that support sustainable quality assurance, as in the exchange and comparison of test results within the scope of external quality assurance, but also in the exchange of special diagnosis data among international research networks. In summary, the acknowledged standard for a quality management system to ensure quality assurance is the very generic standard ISO 9001.Health Phys. 103(2):221-225; 2012. PMID:22951484

Hotz, Mark E; Meineke, Viktor

2012-08-01

457

[Minimum resolution at a given dose for quality assurance of x-ray pictures].  

PubMed

The Federal German Board of Physicians ("Bundesärztekammer") has recently issued guide principles for quality assurance in x-ray diagnosis. These include the basic measurements defining important image details, sensitivity of screen-film combinations and exposure times. The conditions required for meeting the guide principles were tested, using low contrast grids for simulating tissues. Practical consequences from these measurements for radiographic techniques and for the use of test grids in quality assurance are detailed. PMID:2154018

Weberling, R; Hagemann, G; Knedel, H

1990-01-01

458

Quality Assurance and Improvement Practice in Mental Health Agencies: Roles, Activities, Targets and Contributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accompanying the rise in the number of mental health agency personnel tasked with quality assurance and improvement (QA\\/I)\\u000a responsibilities is an increased need to understand the nature of the work these professionals undertake. Four aspects of\\u000a the work of quality assurance and improvement (QA\\/I) professionals in mental health were explored in this qualitative study:\\u000a their perceived roles, their major activities,

Curtis McMillen; Luis E. Zayas; Samantha Books; Madeline Lee

2008-01-01

459

Quality assurance grading guidelines for research and development at DOE facilities  

SciTech Connect

The quality assurance (QA) requirements for the US Department of Energy (DOE) are established in DOE Order 5700.6C. This order is applicable for all DOE departmental elements, management, and maintenance and operating contractors and requires that documented Quality Assurance Programs (QAPs) are prepared at all levels; it has one attachment. The DOE Office of Energy Research (DOE-ER) has issued a standard to ensure implementation of the full intent of this order in the ER community.

Powell, T.B.; Morris, R.N.

1993-01-01

460

Quality assurance for diagnostic imaging equipment: Recommendations of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements  

SciTech Connect

The purposes of this report are to encourage the establishment of practical and comprehensive quality assurance programs in medical imaging facilities and to provide guidance for developing and implementing such programs. The report is designed for all health care professionals with responsibility for planning and operation of any aspect of a quality assurance program; however, it is intended primarily for practicing radiologists, other physicians and medical physicists. 170 refs.

Not Available

1988-12-30

461

Handbook of software quality assurance techniques applicable to the nuclear industry  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a research project to recommend good engineering practices in the application of 10 CFR 50, Appendix B requirements to assure quality in the development and use of computer software for the design and operation of nuclear power plants for NRC and industry. This handbook defines the content of a software quality assurance program by enumerating the techniques applicable. Definitions, descriptions, and references where further information may be obtained are provided for each topic.

Bryant, J.L.; Wilburn, N.P.

1987-08-01

462

The Soils and Groundwater – EM-20 S&T Roadmap Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Soils and Groundwater – EM-20 Science and Technology Roadmap Project is a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies and technology for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by EM-20 Roadmap Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-02-11

463

[Evolution of a quality assurance programme for physiotherapy schools - results of the first quality inspections].  

PubMed

In cooperation with the Hochrhein-Institute for Research in Rehabilitation (HRI), the Association for Assuring the Quality of Education in Physiotherapy Schools in Germany (ISQ) has developed a quality assurance programme for physiotherapy schools. It aims at assessing the quality of physiotherapy schools in Germany, and to award a quality seal based on compliance with defined criteria. First, a catalogue of quality features and criteria relevant for education in physiotherapy was developed. It is based on the analysis of questionnaires that had been sent to all German physiotherapy schools, to selected physiotherapists and leading physiotherapists in hospitals, to competent federal authorities, and to three school-classes with group discussions. The persons addressed named 360 different quality features. They were collected in a catalogue, revised in a multi-stage Delphi procedure, and approved consensually. The final criteria were transformed into basic quality requirements, and formulated as a check-list. Assessment of the quality features is carried out by trained visitors. In addition, the satisfaction of students is assessed with a questionnaire. The results of the interviews and the questionnaires are fed back to the schools in a quality report. Schools meeting all basic quality requirements are awarded the seal of quality. The seal is valid for three years. Since January 2003, this procedure is available for all schools in Germany. Until September 2002, a pretest of visitations and student questionnaires had been carried out with 31 member schools of the ISQ; according to the resulting quality reports, none of these schools would instantly be awarded the quality seal. In all, more than half of the schools do not meet 10 of the 42 basic criteria. Fundamental deficiencies have been found in the documentation pertaining to supervision of practical training. In terms of training, further training and professional development of their teachers and associated professors, needs for improvement could be shown in more than 66 % of all visited schools. Only 9 of 31 schools could produce a written syllabus. Additionally, the requirements of teachers conferences and equipment of libraries were not met by the majority. A general problem among the schools is inadequate documentation in many fields. PMID:14963802

Kainz, B; Schlag, B; Jäckel, W H

2004-02-01

464

Computational and Physical Quality Assurance Tools for Radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radiation therapy aims at delivering a prescribed amount of radiation dose to cancerous targets while sparing dose to normal organs. Treatment planning and delivery in modern radiotherapy are highly complex. To ensure the accuracy of the delivered dose to a patient, a quality assurance (QA) procedure is needed before the actual treatment delivery. This dissertation aims at developing computational and physical tools to facilitate the QA process. In Chapter 2, we have developed a fast and accurate computational QA tool using a graphics processing unit based Monte Carlo (MC) dose engine. This QA tool aims at identifying any errors in the treatment planning stage and machine delivery process by comparing three dose distributions: planned dose computed by a treatment planning system, planned dose and delivered dose reconstructed using the MC method. Within this tool, several modules have been built. (1) A denoising algorithm to smooth the MC calculated dose. We have also investigated the effects of statistical uncertainty in MC simulations on a commonly used dose comparison metric. (2) A linear accelerator source model with a semi-automatic commissioning process. (3) A fluence generation module. With all these modules, a web application for this QA tool with a user friendly interface has been developed to provide users with easy access to our tool, facilitating its clinical utilizations. Even after an initial treatment plan fulfills the QA requirements, a patient may experience inter-fractional anatomy variations, which compromise the initial plan optimality. To resolve this issue, adaptive radiotherapy (ART) has been proposed, where treatment plan is redesigned based on most recent patient anatomy. In Chapter 3, we have constructed a physical deformable head and neck (HN) phantom with in-vivo dosimetry capability. This phantom resembles HN patient geometry and simulates tumor shrinkage with a high level of realism. The ground truth deformation field can be measured from built-in surface markers, which is then used to verify the accuracy of an important ART step of deformable image registration. Our experiments also demonstrate the feasibility of using this phantom as an end-to-end ART QA phantom with an emphasis on testing the dose deliver accuracy.

Graves, Yan Jiang

465

An oscillating sweeping gap test for VMAT quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to develop an oscillating sweeping gap test for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) quality assurance (QA). A novel test was designed and used to simultaneously determine uncertainties associated with linac performance, dose calculation and dosimetric MLC parameters during VMAT delivery. Delivered doses were measured with Matrixx™, ionization chamber A12 and EDR2™ films, and compared to calculations from the treatment planning system (TPS) Eclipse™. A new gantry and MLC motion pattern, called here 'oscillating sweeping gap', is developed as an extension of the standard sweeping gap MLC pattern developed for IMRT QA. Specifically, in the oscillating sweeping gap test, a uniform MLC gap is moving repeatedly back and forth across the field at a constant speed during a full rotation of the gantry. The dose distribution generated by the combined gantry and MLC motion pattern is designed to be quasi-uniform within a cylindrical target volume with a sharp penumbra. The test design allows for an easy detection of dose errors as deviations from the uniform background. MLC gap sizes, gantry and MLC speeds and monitor units (MU) are selected according to a formula determining the magnitude of dose delivered to the target. Both measured and calculated dose distributions were analyzed as a function of the number of control points in the TPS, MLC gap size and magnitude of the gantry angle error. Dose calculation errors due to the insufficient number of control points in the gantry and MLC motion pattern appear as streak artifacts. The magnitude of these artifacts is increasing with the decreased number of control points, and with the decreased MLC gap size. The spatial distribution of dose errors due to the gantry angle errors (unsteady rocking motion) appears as high-frequency noise for higher wobble frequencies and as large hot/cold spots for lower wobble frequencies. The actual MLC leaf position as a function of time (or the gantry angle), determined from the Matrixx snaps (dose images measured per time interval) of the moving gap and compared to the ideal leaf positions, reveal discrepancies in agreement with theoretical calculations. The MLC parameters determined for VMAT with the oscillating sweeping gap test, their uncertainties and the associated dose errors are similar to those determined for IMRT with the standard sweeping gap test. The oscillating sweeping gap test has been developed for the gantry and MLC QA. Applications include commissioning of the planning system for VMAT and performing routine linac QA. The test is sensitive to several errors in dose calculation and delivery.

Bhagwat, Mandar S.; Han, Zhaohui; Kien Ng, Sook; Zygmanski, Piotr

2010-09-01

466

HDR quality assurance methods for personal digital assistants.  

PubMed

An important component of every clinical high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy program is quality assurance (QA). One of the QA recommendations of the AAPM TG59 report is an independent verification on the results of treatment planning. It is desirable for the verification procedure to be as quick and easy to perform as possible and yet to have a high probability of detecting significant errors. The objective of this work is to describe the dosimetric methods and software developed to implement a departmental HDR QA program using personal digital assistants (PDAs). Verification of MammoSite treatment plans is presented as a practical example. PDAs that run the PalmOS were selected for their low cost and popularity among health care professionals. General-purpose applications were developed for linear sources, planar, and volume implants, that estimate the total dwell time of an HDR implant. This value can then be compared to the total dwell time calculated by the primary treatment planning system. The software incorporates the Paterson-Parker (PP) radium tables and the Greenfield-Tichman-Norman (GTN) version of the Quimby radium tables, which have been modified to a form more convenient for HDR calculations. A special purpose application based on the AAPM TG43 formalism was developed for the MammoSite breast applicator. For QA calculations perpendicular to the center of a single Iridium-192 (192I) HDR source, as exemplified by MammoSite treatments, linearly interpolating the PP or GTN tables is equivalent to applying the TG43 formalism at distances up to 5 cm from the source axis. The MammoSite-specific software also offers the option to calculate dosimetry based on the balloon volume. The PDA clock/calendar permits the software to automatically account for source decay. The touch-sensitive screen allows the familiar tabular format to be maintained while minimizing the effort required for calculations. The PP and GTN radium implant tables are easily modified to a form more convenient for HDR calculations. Deploying the HDR versions of the tables as PDA software makes general-purpose HDR QA effortless. For less conventional HDR applications such as MammoSite implants, a QA solution based on the TG43 formalism becomes practical when implemented on a small computer. PMID:15324912

Astrahan, Melvin A

2004-01-01

467

Quality assurance requirements and description for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program  

SciTech Connect

The Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) is the principal quality assurance document for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program (Program). It establishes the minimum requirements for the Quality Assurance Program. The QARD contains regulatory requirements and program commitments necessary for the development of an effective quality assurance program. Quality assurance implementing documents must be based on, and consistent with, QARD requirements. The QARD applies to the following: (1) acceptance of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (2) transport of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (3) the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility through application for an operating license; (4) Mined Geologic Disposal System (MGDS), including the site characterization activities (exploratory studies facility (ESF) and surface based testing), through application for an operating license; (5) the high-level-waste form from production through acceptance. Section 2.0 defines in greater detail criteria for determining work subject to QARD requirements. The QARD is organized into sections, supplements, appendices, and a glossary. The sections contain requirements that are common to all Program elements. The supplements contain requirements for specialized activities. The appendices contain requirements that are specific to an individual Program element. The glossary establishes a common vocabulary for the Quality Assurance Program.

Not Available

1992-12-18

468

Quality assurance requirements and description for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect

The Quality Assurance Requirements and Description (QARD) is the principal quality assurance document for the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program (Program). It establishes the minimum requirements for the Quality Assurance Program. The QARD contains regulatory requirements and program commitments necessary for the development of an effective quality assurance program. Quality assurance implementing documents must be based on, and consistent with, QARD requirements. The QARD applies to the following: (1) acceptance of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (2) transport of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste; (3) the Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility through application for an operating license; (4) Mined Geologic Disposal System (MGDS), including the site characterization activities (exploratory studies facility (ESF) and surface based testing), through application for an operating license; (5) the high-level-waste form from production through acceptance. Section 2.0 defines in greater detail criteria for determining work subject to QARD requirements. The QARD is organized into sections, supplements, appendices, and a glossary. The sections contain requirements that are common to all Program elements. The supplements contain requirements for specialized activities. The appendices contain requirements that are specific to an individual Program element. The glossary establishes a common vocabulary for the Quality Assurance Program.

Not Available

1992-12-18

469

Testing the Effectiveness of a Quality Assurance System: The Example of Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operating a quality assurance system in tertiary education is the rule rather than the exception, because of the belief that it will improve quality. However, proving this is not easy. This study examines three ways of providing the evidence: the a "priori" method, the stepwise backtracking method, and the external evaluation method. The quality

Lim, David

2009-01-01

470

Computer Networking: Approaches to Quality Service Assurance. Technical Note No. 800.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of quality service assurance in a computer networking environment is addressed. In the absence of any direct, well-defined, quantitative measure of service quality and reliability, error collection and analysis is the only basis for service quality control. Therefore, mechanisms are described which facilitate reporting of operational…

Stillman, Rona B.

471

How does a new institution spread? Travel agencies' adoption of the service quality assurance programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the recognition of service quality as a major advantage in service industries, the travel agency sector in Taiwan has lacked any service quality certification regime that could optimize service provision or reduce customers' transaction costs. Since the introduction of such a quality-assurance programme in Taiwan in mid-2003, local travel agencies have responded differently. With a sample of 167 uncertified

Huei-Wen Pao; Hsueh-Liang Wu; Wei-Hwa Pan

2010-01-01

472

Quality assurance plan for Solar Maximum Mission (SSM) Instruments electronic assembly - HRUV spectrometer/polarimeter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The quality assurance program demonstrates recognition of the quality aspects and an organized approach to achieve them. It ensures that quality requirements are determined and satisfied throughout all phases of contract performance, including preliminary and engineering design, development, fabrication, processing, assembly, inspection, test, checkout, packaging, shipping, storage, maintenance field use, flight preparations, flight operations and post-flight analysis, as applicable.

1976-01-01

473

WATERSHED MANIPULATION PROJECT QUALITY ASSURANCE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN: FY90-93  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) is to ensure that data from research and monitoring studies are of known and documented quality to satisfy project objectives. A/QC was an integral and important part for all of the U.S.EPA Aquatic Effects Research Program ...

474

Quality and safety assurance in the processing of aloe vera gel juice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quality (ISO9000: 2000) and safety (HACCP) management systems were developed for the food industry to ensure the biological integrity, the organoleptic stability, and the quality of the final product. A simplified flow diagram for the production of aloe vera gel juice is shown accompanied with analysis of quality and safety assurance. This study reveals that the control points for

Qian He; Liu Changhong; Eshun Kojo; Zhang Tian

2005-01-01

475

Dropping 'E's: the missing link in quality assurance for disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community Care reforms have revived interest in service quality. It is argued that the definition of service quality is value-led and that domi nant ideologies have contributed to the continued oppression of disabled people. The design of quality assurance systems is considered and it is suggested that organisations controlled by disabled people have a central role to play in providing

Mark Priestley

1995-01-01

476

Department of Energy hazardous waste remedial actions program: Quality assurance program  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the Quality Assurance Program developed for the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program Support Contractor Office (HAZWRAP SCO). Key topics discussed include an overview of the HAZWRAP SCO mission and organization, the basic quality assurance program requirements and the requirements for the control of quality for the Department of Energy and Work for Others hazardous waste management programs, and the role of ensuring quality through the project team concept for the management of remedial response actions. The paper focuses on planning for quality assurance for this remedial waste management process from preliminary assessments of remedial sites to feasibility studies. Some observations concerning the control of quality during the implementation of remedial actions are presented. (2 refs.)

Horne, T.E.

1988-01-01

477

Rethinking Quality Assurance: Examining Established Practices, Exploring New Strategies. Selected Presentations at the Annual Accreditation and Quality Assurance Conference. Proceedings (Philadelphia, PA, December 4-5, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains selected presentations from an annual accreditation and quality assurance conference. The papers are: (1) "Turning around Troubled Institutions" (Matthew Goldstein); (2) "Triadic Hierarchical Planning" (William J. Austin); (3) "Edinboro University's Triangulated Institutional Effectiveness Model" (Michael A. Mogavero and…

Middle States Commission on Higher Education, Philadelphia, PA.

478

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2013-07-01

479

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2012-07-01

480

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2011-07-01

481

10 CFR 72.144 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...over activities affecting the quality of the identified structures...ensure that activities affecting quality are accomplished under suitably...processes, test equipment, tools and skills to attain the required quality and the need for...

2009-01-01

482

10 CFR 72.144 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...over activities affecting the quality of the identified structures...ensure that activities affecting quality are accomplished under suitably...processes, test equipment, tools and skills to attain the required quality and the need for...

2010-01-01

483

Quality Assurance in Distance Education: The Challenges to Be Addressed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integration of technology in all forms of education has narrowed down the gap between the on- and off-campus students and has resulted in the use of the more broad-based term "distributed learning". Consequently, distance learning is seen as a subset of distributed learning, focusing on students who may be separated in time and space from their…

Stella, Antony; Gnanam, A.

2004-01-01

484

Data quality monitor as the final quality assurance procedure for the ALICE-TOF detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

All the steps which led to the construction of the ALICE-TOF detector were strictly followed by a set of quality assurance procedures to guarantee high and uniform performances. Once a module of the detector (whose basic element is the Multigap Resistive Plate Chamber) is assembled, a final test concerning the data readout applies. While the detector is taking data, both during test and physics runs, a check of the quality of the data is needed. For this purpose some monitoring tools have been developed. These tools have been used since the beginning of the TOF commissioning and finally they have also been successfully used during the first global data-taking test-runs of ALICE.

Akindinov, A.; Alici, A.; Antonioli, P.; Arcelli, S.; Baek, Y. W.; Basile, M.; Cara Romeo, G.; Cifarelli, L.; Cindolo, F.; De Caro, A.; De Gruttola, D.; De Pasquale, S.; Fusco Girard, M.; Guarnaccia, C.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; Jung, H. T.; Jung, W. W.; Kim, D. S.; Kim, D. W.; Kim, H. N.; Kim, J. S.; Kiselev, S.; Laurenti, G.; Lee, K.; Lee, S. C.; Luvisetto, M. L.; Malkevich, D.; Margotti, A.; Nania, R.; Nedosekin, A.; Noferini, F.; Pagano, P.; Pesci, A.; Preghenella, R.; Russo, G.; Ryabinin, M.; Scapparone, E.; Scioli, G.; Silenzi, A.; Tchoumakov, M.; Voloshin, K.; Williams, M. C. S.; Zagreev, B.; Zampolli, C.; Zichichi, A.

2009-05-01

485

Quality control and quality assurance plan for bridge channel-stability assessments in Massachusetts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A quality control and quality assurance plan has been implemented as part of the Massachusetts bridge scour and channel-stability assessment program. This program is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, Massachusetts-Rhode Island District, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Highway Department. Project personnel training, data-integrity verification, and new data-management technologies are being utilized in the channel-stability assessment process to improve current data-collection and management techniques. An automated data-collection procedure has been implemented to standardize channel-stability assessments on a regular basis within the State. An object-oriented data structure and new image management tools are used to produce a data base enabling management of multiple data object classes. Data will be reviewed by assessors and data base managers before being merged into a master bridge-scour data base, which includes automated data-verification routines.

Parker, Gene, W.; Pinson, Harlow

1993-01-01