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1

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic medical conditions (such as blood-sugar sensors for diabetics), people seeking to change unhealthy behavior (such as losing weight or quitting smoking), or athletes wishing to monitor their condition and performance. To be effective, however, these systems must provide assurances about the quality of the sensor data. The sensors must be applied to the patient by a human, and the sensor data may be transported across multiple networks and devices before it is presented to the medical team. While no system can guarantee data quality, we anticipate that it will help for the system to annotate data with some measure of confidence. In this paper, we take a deeper look at potential health-monitoring usage scenarios and highlight research challenges required to ensure and assess quality of sensor data in health-monitoring systems.

Sriram, Janani; Shin, Minho; Kotz, David; Rajan, Anand; Sastry, Manoj; Yarvis, Mark

2

Multinational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Multinational colleges and universities pose numerous challenges to the traditional models of quality assurance that are designed to validate domestic higher education. When institutions cross international borders, at least two quality assurance protocols are involved. To guard against fraud and abuse, quality assurance in the host country is…

Kinser, Kevin

2011-01-01

3

Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is one of six texts from a workplace literacy curriculum designed to assist learners in facing the increased demands of the workplace. The booklet contains five sections that cover the following topics: (1) importance of reliability; (2) meaning of quality assurance; (3) historical development of quality assurance; (4) statistical…

Massachusetts Career Development Inst., Springfield.

4

Quality Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The factors influencing bridge and highway performance are reviewed, and the quality assurance systems that various states use to insure compliance with specifications are outlined. Some states report good experiences with test and inspection procedures t...

1979-01-01

5

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take\\u000a greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors\\u000a have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic\\u000a medical conditions (such as blood-sugar

Janani Sriram; Minho Shin; David Kotz; Anand Rajan; Manoj Sastry; Mark Yarvis

2009-01-01

6

THE CHALLENGE OF QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR EMISSION FLUX MEASUREMENTS OF LARGE AREA SOURCES BY OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper examines the quality assurance challenges associated with open path Fourier transform infrared (OPFTIR) measurements of large area pollution sources with plume reconstruction by computed tomography (CT) and how each challenge may be met. Traditionally, pollutant concent...

7

Comprehensive Genomic Studies: Emerging Regulatory, Strategic, and Quality Assurance Challenges for Biorepositories  

PubMed Central

As part of the molecular revolution sweeping medicine, comprehensive genomic studies are adding powerful dimensions to medical research. However, their power exposes new regulatory, strategic, and quality assurance challenges for biorepositories. A key issue is that unlike other research techniques commonly applied to banked specimens, nucleic acid sequencing, if sufficiently extensive, yields data that could identify a patient. This evolving paradigm renders the concepts of anonymized and anonymous specimens increasingly outdated. The challenges for biorepositories in this new era include refined consent processes and wording, selection and use of legacy specimens, quality assurance procedures, institutional documentation, data sharing, and interaction with institutional review boards. Given current trends, biorepositories should consider these issues now, even if they are not currently experiencing sample requests for genomic analysis. We summarize our current experiences and best practices at Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, our perceptions of emerging trends, and recommendations.

McDonald, Sandra A.; Mardis, Elaine R.; Ota, David; Watson, Mark A.; Pfeifer, John D.; Green, Jonathan M.

2012-01-01

8

Challenges to quality assurance and improvement efforts in behavioral health organizations: a qualitative assessment.  

PubMed

Behavioral health organizations have been increasingly required to implement plans to monitor and improve service quality. This qualitative study explores challenges that quality assurance and improvement (QA/I) personnel experience in performing their job in those practice settings. Sixteen QA/I personnel from different agencies in St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A., were interviewed face-to-face using a semi-structured instrument to capture challenges and a questionnaire to capture participant and agency characteristics. Data analysis followed a grounded theory approach. Challenges involved agency resources, agency buy-in, personnel training, competing demands, shifting standards, authority, and research capacity. Further research is needed to assess these challenges given expected outcomes. PMID:22160806

Zayas, Luis E; McMillen, J Curtis; Lee, Madeline Y; Books, Samantha J

2013-05-01

9

The 300 Area Integrated Field Research Challenge Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a group of expert collaborators are using the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site 300 Area uranium plume within the footprint of the 300-FF-5 groundwater operable unit as a site for an Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC). The IFRC is entitled Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on the Hanford Site 300 Area Uranium Plume Project. The theme is investigation of multi-scale mass transfer processes. A series of forefront science questions on mass transfer are posed for research that relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements/approaches needed to characterize and model a mass transfer-dominated system. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the 300 Area IFRC Project. This plan is designed to be used exclusively by project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2009-04-29

10

Quality Assurance [for Persons with Developmental Disabilities].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter feature issue focuses on quality assurance and innovative efforts to enhance service quality for persons with developmental disabilities. Individual articles include: "Redesigning Quality Assurance" (Clarence J. Sundram); "Quality Assurance, Quality Enhancement" (Charlie Lakin et al.); "Challenging Tradition: Measuring Quality by…

Lakin, Charlie, Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

11

Quality Assurance, Chapter 4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Quality assurance is often used to refer to all of the processes a laboratory takes to ensure quality in test results. However, assurance is more properly defined as a pledge, or guaranty, a self-confidence. Thus, using this definition quality assurance i...

M. D. Kellogg

2002-01-01

12

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

13

Implementing Quality Assurance at Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Perceptions, Practices and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quality Assurance in higher education has been an ongoing international issue for discussion. As higher education institutions move toward an era of accountability and accreditation, groups of stakeholders require proof of high-quality academic programs and services from higher education providers. Since the mid-1990s, most providers have strived…

Ros, Soveacha

2010-01-01

14

Coping with Quality Assurance Challenges Faced by Secondary Schools' Headteachers in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since independence, the Kenyan government has demonstrated its commitment to the provision of quality secondary school education through allocation of financial resources, provision of trained teachers and establishment of quality assurance department. However, despite the substantial allocation of resources, secondary schools still face major…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, Benjamin A.

2011-01-01

15

Implementing Quality Assurance at Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Perceptions, Practices and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality Assurance in higher education has been an ongoing international issue for discussion. As higher education institutions move toward an era of accountability and accreditation, groups of stakeholders require proof of high-quality academic programs and services from higher education providers. Since the mid-1990s, most providers have strived…

Ros, Soveacha

2010-01-01

16

Coping with Quality Assurance Challenges Faced by Secondary Schools' Headteachers in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since independence, the Kenyan government has demonstrated its commitment to the provision of quality secondary school education through allocation of financial resources, provision of trained teachers and establishment of quality assurance department. However, despite the substantial allocation of resources, secondary schools still face major…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, Benjamin A.

2011-01-01

17

Helical Tomotherapy Quality Assurance  

SciTech Connect

Helical tomotherapy uses a dynamic delivery in which the gantry, treatment couch, and multileaf collimator leaves are all in motion during treatment. This results in highly conformal radiotherapy, but the complexity of the delivery is partially hidden from the end-user because of the extensive integration and automation of the tomotherapy control systems. This presents a challenge to the medical physicist who is expected to be both a system user and an expert, capable of verifying relevant aspects of treatment delivery. A related issue is that a clinical tomotherapy planning system arrives at a customer's site already commissioned by the manufacturer, not by the clinical physicist. The clinical physicist and the manufacturer's representative verify the commissioning at the customer site before acceptance. Theoretically, treatment could begin immediately after acceptance. However, the clinical physicist is responsible for the safe and proper use of the machine. In addition, the therapists and radiation oncologists need to understand the important machine characteristics before treatment can proceed. Typically, treatment begins about 2 weeks after acceptance. This report presents an overview of the tomotherapy system. Helical tomotherapy has unique dosimetry characteristics, and some of those features are emphasized. The integrated treatment planning, delivery, and patient-plan quality assurance process is described. A quality assurance protocol is proposed, with an emphasis on what a clinical medical physicist could and should check. Additionally, aspects of a tomotherapy quality assurance program that could be checked automatically and remotely because of its inherent imaging system and integrated database are discussed.

Balog, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mohawk Valley Medical Physics, Rome, NY (Italy)], E-mail: JPB@mvmp.net; Soisson, Emilie [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI (United States)

2008-05-01

18

National Software Supported Quality Assurance Program in Digital Mammography: Experiences and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Quality assurance in digital mammography, especially in screening environments, needs a lot thoughtfulness. As the images\\u000a are digital, it provides the possibility of the use of computer assisted tests. This requires adequate computer readable phantoms\\u000a and powerful software tools, which should support the medical technical assistant (MTA) in carrying out the required constancy\\u000a tests. An added value of software assisted

Christian Moll; Andreas Jahnen; Alex Meyer; Martine Grelot; Johannes Hermen; Carlo Back; Marie-Christine Wagnon; Norbert Rösch

2010-01-01

19

Clinical Practice and Quality Assurance Challenges in Modern Brachytherapy Sources and Dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

Modern brachytherapy has led to effective treatments through the establishment of broadly applicable dosimetric thresholds for maximizing survival with minimal morbidity. Proper implementation of recent dosimetric consensus statements and quality assurance procedures is necessary to maintain the established level of safety and efficacy. This review classifies issues as either 'systematic' or 'stochastic' in terms of their impact on large groups or individual patients, respectively. Systematic changes affecting large numbers of patients occur infrequently and include changes in source dosimetric parameters, prescribing practice, dose calculation formalism, and improvements in calculation algorithms. The physicist must be aware of how incipient changes accord with previous experience. Stochastic issues involve procedures that are applied to each patient individually. Although ample guidance for quality assurance of brachytherapy sources exists, some ambiguities remain. The latest American Association of Physicists in Medicine guidance clarifies what is meant by independent assay, changes source sampling recommendations, particularly for sources in sterile strands and sterile preassembled needles, and modifies action level thresholds. The changing environment of brachytherapy has not changed the fact that the prime responsibility for quality assurance in brachytherapy lies with the institutional medical physicist.

Butler, Wayne M. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)], E-mail: wbutler@wheelinghospital.com; Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)

2008-05-01

20

Software quality assurance handbook  

SciTech Connect

There are two important reasons for Software Quality Assurance (SQA) at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD): First, the benefits from SQA make good business sense. Second, the Department of Energy has requested SQA. This handbook is one of the first steps in a plant-wide implementation of Software Quality Assurance at KCD. The handbook has two main purposes. The first is to provide information that you will need to perform software quality assurance activities. The second is to provide a common thread to unify the approach to SQA at KCD. 2 figs.

Not Available

1990-09-01

21

How much quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the approach used at Argonne National Laboratory to apply the techniques of quality assurance to research and development activities. The discussion includes the approach, the reasons that it is gaining acceptance, and its wide applicability. This approach is founded on the lessons learned in management of quality at Argonne National Laboratory over a period of more than

R. A. Beatty; J. H. Talboy

1988-01-01

22

[Integrated quality assurance].  

PubMed

The definition of terms and connotation of "Quality", "Quality Assurance" and "Integration" lead to an analysis and understanding of inhibiting and fostering factors of the "Health Triad" of people, animals and environment. Although "Quality" is largely or ultimately determined by the consumer, there are considerable differences as this term is applied by (a) the individual consumer, (b) the dynamic producer defending or gaining markets, (c) those engaged in traditional product manufacturing, or (d) governments setting (minimum) requirements for the sake of free trade. "Quality Assurance" offers cooperation of partners all along the food chain from "pasture to table". The managerial process turned into a continuum of responsibility and agreement on processes and product characteristics. This overcomes the disadvantages of strategies stressing distinct defense barriers. In practice this philosophy of a predominant role of defence barriers proved largely partnership destructive, in that it permitted to shift responsibilities for failures and to claim administrative competence according to momentary situations and interests. "Integrated Quality Assurance" means mutual agreement of two or more partners along the food chain (e. g. feed producers, farmers, animal health industry, veterinarians and food processors) on product characteristics and production methods. It involves essential system elements including facilities, materials, manpower, information, transport, management etc. Different principles and procedures of quality assurance have been introduced in practice, including agriculture and food processing. These different approaches are not mutually exclusive but largely of complementary nature.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7924958

Bögel, K; Stöhr, K

1994-07-01

23

Forensic Data Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accurate metadata are essential for the scientifically meaningful interpretation of data products. Yet metadata from legacy NOAO data-taking systems are often incomplete and sometimes inaccurate. A new Data Quality Assurance (DQA) system for NOAO is proposed to ensure the best possible data and metadata accuracy, integrity, and integrability with the Virtual Observatory.

Shaw, R. A.; Seaman, R. L.; Lowry, S.; Lanning, H. H.

2009-09-01

24

Quality Assurance for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

2010-01-01

25

Quality Assurance Challenges for Motion-Adaptive Radiation Therapy: Gating, Breath Holding, and Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography  

SciTech Connect

Compared with conventional three-dimensional (3D) conformal radiation therapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatments, quality assurance (QA) for motion-adaptive radiation therapy involves various challenges because of the added temporal dimension. Here we discuss those challenges for three specific techniques related to motion-adaptive therapy: namely respiratory gating, breath holding, and four-dimensional computed tomography. Similar to the introduction of any other new technologies in clinical practice, typical QA measures should be taken for these techniques also, including initial testing of equipment and clinical procedures, as well as frequent QA examinations during the early stage of implementation. Here, rather than covering every QA aspect in depth, we focus on some major QA challenges. The biggest QA challenge for gating and breath holding is how to ensure treatment accuracy when internal target position is predicted using external surrogates. Recommended QA measures for each component of treatment, including simulation, planning, patient positioning, and treatment delivery and verification, are discussed. For four-dimensional computed tomography, some major QA challenges have also been discussed.

Jiang, Steve B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)], E-mail: sbjiang@ucsd.edu; Wolfgang, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Mageras, Gig S. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2008-05-01

26

The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

1993-03-01

27

The 300 Area Integrated Field Research Challenge Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a group of expert collaborators are using the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site 300 Area uranium plume within the footprint of the 300-FF-5 groundwater operable unit as a site for an Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC). The IFRC is entitled Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused

Fix

2009-01-01

28

Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy Planning Systems: Current Status and Remaining Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computerized radiation therapy planning systems (RTPSs) are pivotal for treatment planning. The acceptance, commissioning, and quality control of RTPSs are uniquely complex and are described in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group Report 53 (1998) and International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Report Series No. 430 (2004). The International Atomic Energy Agency also developed a document and data

Jacob Van Dyk

2008-01-01

29

Recent Trends in Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present a brief description of the evolution of quality assurance in Europe, paying particular attention to its relationship to the rising loss of trust in higher education institutions. We finalise by analysing the role of the European Commission in the setting up of new quality assurance mechanisms that tend to promote…

Amaral, Alberto; Rosa, Maria Joao

2010-01-01

30

Recent Trends in Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we present a brief description of the evolution of quality assurance in Europe, paying particular attention to its relationship to the rising loss of trust in higher education institutions. We finalise by analysing the role of the European Commission in the setting up of new quality assurance mechanisms that tend to promote…

Amaral, Alberto; Rosa, Maria Joao

2010-01-01

31

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) identifies the Westinghouse Hanford Co. (WHC) Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, construction, testing and inspection of the 200 Area Effluent BAT\\/AKART Implementation, Project W-291.

1995-01-01

32

A Quality Assurance Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

California Air Resources Board (CARB) staff developed a phased integrated approach to implement the Standing Air Monitoring Work Group’s (SAMWG) quality assurance requirements. This approach separates quality assurance requirements into a single project with a management plan and manager, and assigns each requirement to one of three key task areas—standardized methods and procedures measurement standards and tests, and audits. Tasks

Frank W. Chester

1979-01-01

33

40 CFR 51.363 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...impede program performance. The quality assurance and quality...to emission performance; (v) Emission...viii) Quality assurance practices...the quality assurance program, and...overt and covert performance audits,...

2009-07-01

34

40 CFR 51.363 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...impede program performance. The quality assurance and quality...to emission performance; (v) Emission...viii) Quality assurance practices...the quality assurance program, and...overt and covert performance audits,...

2010-07-01

35

[Ballistic quality assurance].  

PubMed

This review describes the ballistic quality assurance for stereotactic intracranial irradiation treatments delivered with Gamma Knife® either dedicated or adapted medical linear accelerators. Specific and periodic controls should be performed in order to check the mechanical stability for both irradiation and collimation systems. If this step remains under the responsibility of the medical physicist, it should be done in agreement with the manufacturer's technical support. At this time, there are no recent published guidelines. With technological developments, both frequency and accuracy should be assessed in each institution according to the treatment mode: single versus hypofractionnated dose, circular collimator versus micro-multileaf collimators. In addition, "end-to-end" techniques are mandatory to find the origin of potential discrepancies and to estimate the global ballistic accuracy of the delivered treatment. Indeed, they include frames, non-invasive immobilization devices, localizers, multimodal imaging for delineation and in-room positioning imaging systems. The final precision that could be reasonably achieved is more or less 1mm. PMID:22632786

Cassol, E; Bonnet, J; Porcheron, D; Mazeron, J-J; Peiffert, D; Alapetite, C

2012-05-24

36

Radiation shielding quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the radiation shielding quality assurance, the validity and reliability of the neutron transport code MCNP, which is now one of the most widely used radiation shielding analysis codes, were checked with lot of benchmark experiments. And also as a practical example, follows were performed in this thesis. One integral neutron transport experiment to measure the effect of neutron streaming in iron and void was performed with Dog-Legged Void Assembly in Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory in 1991. Neutron flux was measured six different places with the methane detectors and a BF-3 detector. The main purpose of the measurements was to provide benchmark against which various neutron transport calculation tools could be compared. Those data were used in verification of Monte Carlo Neutron & Photon Transport Code, MCNP, with the modeling for that. Experimental results and calculation results were compared in both ways, as the total integrated value of neutron fluxes along neutron energy range from 10 KeV to 2 MeV and as the neutron spectrum along with neutron energy range. Both results are well matched with the statistical error +/-20%. MCNP results were also compared with those of TORT, a three dimensional discrete ordinates code which was developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. MCNP results are superior to the TORT results at all detector places except one. This means that MCNP is proved as a very powerful tool for the analysis of neutron transport through iron & air and further it could be used as a powerful tool for the radiation shielding analysis. For one application of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) to neutron and gamma transport problems, uncertainties for the calculated values of critical K were evaluated as in the ANOVA on statistical data.

Um, Dallsun

37

Linear Accelerator and Gamma Knife-Based Stereotactic Cranial Radiosurgery: Challenges and Successes of Existing Quality Assurance Guidelines and Paradigms  

SciTech Connect

Intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery has been practiced since 1951. The technique has expanded from a single dedicated unit in Stockholm in 1968 to hundreds of centers performing an estimated 100,000 Gamma Knife and linear accelerator cases in 2005. The radiation dosimetry of small photon fields used in this technique has been well explored in the past 15 years. Quality assurance recommendations have been promulgated in refereed reports and by several national and international professional societies since 1991. The field has survived several reported treatment errors and incidents, generally reacting by strengthening standards and precautions. An increasing number of computer-controlled and robotic-dedicated treatment units are expanding the field and putting patients at risk of unforeseen errors. Revisions and updates to previously published quality assurance documents, and especially to radiation dosimetry protocols, are now needed to ensure continued successful procedures that minimize the risk of serious errors.

Goetsch, Steven J. [San Diego Gamma Knife Center, Grossmont Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA (United States); Department of Medical Physics, San Diego State University, La Jolla, CA (United States)], E-mail: stevegoetsch@sdgkc.com

2008-05-01

38

Current External Beam Radiation Therapy Quality Assurance Guidance: Does It Meet the Challenges of Emerging Image-Guided Technologies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional prescriptive quality assurance (QA) programs that attempt to ensure the safety and reliability of traditional external beam radiation therapy are limited in their applicability to such advanced radiation therapy techniques as three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, inverse treatment planning, stereotactic radiosurgery\\/radiotherapy, and image-guided radiation therapy. The conventional QA paradigm, illustrated by the American Association of Physicists

Jatinder R. Palta; Chihray Liu; Jonathan G. Li

2008-01-01

39

Quality assurance in school health.  

PubMed

School nurses need to become more influential administrators, managers, and entrepreneurs. They must learn to lead and collaborate effectively in designing, implementing, and evaluating coordinated school health programs. Quality assurance is an essential ingredient in this process that requires accurate, timely, and confidential incident reporting and data analysis structures. These structures, in turn, can serve as the foundation of evidence-based practice and overall system improvement. School nurses can and should assume a key role in the process and thereby continue to meet the challenges of the more sophisticated school health services that today's student population requires. In this way, school nurses will continue to protect and advance the health and safety of the students who are entrusted to their care. PMID:12755680

Newell, Susan; Schoenike, Sumner L; Lisko, Elaine A

2003-06-01

40

DATA MANAGEMENT FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The article describes the application of quality assurance (QA) principles to two programs supporting EPA's Environmental Assessment Data System (EADS). The ultimate objective of any measurement program is the creation of data that is processed to provide information. The develop...

41

Ecological Quality Assurance Principles 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-The application of sound quality assurance,principles and protocols is essential to inventorying and monitoring,of forest ecosystem resources because ofthe complexity, breadth and inher­ ent variability of the data collected, the long term nature of monitor­ ing and the numerous,agency and individual participants involved. The paper focuses on the basic elements of a comprehensive,ecologi­ cal quality assurance plan that are amenable

John Lawrence

1999-01-01

42

Quality Assurance in Building Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Concern is expressed about the quality of the building services industry's product (e.g. a heating or ventilation system in a building) as perceived by the client. From a view that quality control and quality assurance (as defined) should extend beyond th...

P. Scurry

1983-01-01

43

QUALITY ASSURANCE: ORGANIZATION, CATALYTIC, TECHNICAL  

EPA Science Inventory

In a normal quality system, two distinct levels of quality assurance (QA) requirements are addressed: the organizational (or institutional) level and the technical (or project) level. ynamic quality systems, on the other hand, not only include the normal components but also integ...

44

Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) is intended to document the quality assurance of the Environmental Monitoring Program. The Quality Assurance Project Plan has two parts and is written to become a chapter in the Environmental Monitoring Plan. Part A describes the management responsibilities and activities performed to assure the quality of the Environmental Monitoring Program. Part B covers the

Holland

1993-01-01

45

Thoughts on Internal and External Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quality assurance of higher education is made up of two parts: internal quality assurance (IQA) and external quality assurance (EQA). Both belong to a union of the coexistence and balance of yin and yang. But in reality there exists a paradox of "confusion of quality assurance (QA) subject consciousness, singularity of social QA and lack of QA…

Zhang, Jianxin

2012-01-01

46

Total quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quality, cost, and schedule are three factors affecting the competitiveness of a company; they require balancing so that products of acceptable quality are delivered, on time and at a competitive cost. Quality costs comprise investment in quality maintenance and failure costs which arise from failure to maintain standards. The basic principle for achieving the required quality at minimum cost is that of prevention of failures, etc., through production control, attention to manufacturing practices, and appropriate management and training. Total quality control involves attention to the product throughout its life cycle, including in-service performance evaluation, servicing, and maintenance.

Louzon, E.

1989-12-01

47

Data Management and Quality Assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical data management is a vital vehicle in clinical trials to ensure the integrity and quality of data being transferred from trial subjects to a database system. Poor management of data is a pitfall to statisticians, study investigators, sponsors, and most importantly, patients. Efforts in quality assurance in clinical data management have been increasing, as reflected in the increase of

Daniel Y. T. Fong

2001-01-01

48

Quality Assurance 1992-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the author's contribution to a series marking the Golden Jubilee of the Association of University Administrators, he reflects on changes in quality assurance over the past twenty years and speculates on what the future may hold for quality as the association moves into a new and very different competitive regime. He begins by discussing the…

Brown, Roger

2012-01-01

49

Quality Assurance 1992-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the author's contribution to a series marking the Golden Jubilee of the Association of University Administrators, he reflects on changes in quality assurance over the past twenty years and speculates on what the future may hold for quality as the association moves into a new and very different competitive regime. He begins by discussing the…

Brown, Roger

2012-01-01

50

Environmental Division quality assurance plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the Quality Assurance Program Plan is to identify those quality requirements applicable to the Environmental Division and the procedures necessary to implement those requirements. Verification will be performed by overseeing the procedures and activities identified in this plan. Oversight is mandated by the US Department of Energy--Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL), the EPA, the Washington Department of Ecology

1989-01-01

51

Assuring Quality in Education Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of quality assurance educational evaluation methods are illustrated. Evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, school district are used. The methods are: (1) from auditing, internal control; (2) from accounting, double bookkeeping; and (3) from industrial quality control, acceptance sampling and cumulative percentage…

Trochim, William M. K.; Visco, Ronald J.

1986-01-01

52

Helical tomotherapy dynamic quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multifaceted tomotherapy quality assurance procedure has been developed. This procedure tests most of the features inherent in the tomotherapy Hi-Art device. This includes the megavoltage imaging quality, spatial and temporal accuracy of the dynamic delivery properties, as well as more traditional beam output characteristics. This is accomplished with a specialized multichannel electrometer that measures collected charge every 100 ms

John Balog; Tim Holmes; Richard Vaden

2006-01-01

53

Quality assurance of the solar UV network in the Antarctic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring ultraviolet radiation in the Antarctic region, where weather conditions are extremely challenging, is a demanding task. Proper quality control of the measurements and quality assurance of the data, which are the basis of all scientific use of data, has to be especially well planned and executed. In this paper we show the importance of proper quality assurance and describe

K. Lakkala; A. Redondas; O. Meinander; C. Torres; T. Koskela; E. Cuevas; P. Taalas; A. Dahlback; G. Deferrari; K. Edvardsen; H. Ochoa

2005-01-01

54

Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs.

Waste Management Group

2006-08-14

55

Quality Assurance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality in…

Villemaire, Lorry

56

Quality Assurance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality

Villemaire, Lorry

57

Process chemistry & statistics quality assurance plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for Process Chemistry and Statistics. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing process chemistry activities.

Meznarich

1996-01-01

58

Quality assurance for environmental monitoring programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are three essential elements of a quality assurance program; a quality assurance management plan, internal quality control measures and external quality assessment including an audit scheme. It is the program managers responsibility to ensure that these activities are clearly defined and documented and that individuals are assigned responsibility for their implementation and are held accountable. A generic quality assurance

John Lawrence

1991-01-01

59

Quality assurance for radiotherapy equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The quality assurance of the radiotherapy equipment comprises all organized procedures which are needed to ensure the reliable operation of the equipment on point of view of radiation safety as well as of the required accuracy of dose to the patient. Qual...

1993-01-01

60

Quality Assurance for Gamma Knives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. The study's focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address...

E. D. Jones W. W. Banks L. E. Fischer

1995-01-01

61

Quality assurance and dental hygiene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dental hygiene in Canada has experienced significant growth. It has shifted from an emerging occupation to a regulated health profession in several jurisdictions. Many achievements may be attributed to this growth, including self-regulation and a national code of ethics. However, the majority of Canadian dental hygienists are relying on traditional, outdated and ineffective quality assurance mechanisms, such as mandatory continuing

E. Bilawka; B. Craig

2003-01-01

62

Assuring Quality in Collaborative Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin is intended to help British further education colleges clarify their rationale for entering into collaborative programs, assess prospective partners, define and implement good practice at all stages of provision, and establish rigorous quality assurance procedures. Following an introduction, Further Education Funding Council…

Bocock, Jean; Edwards, Judith

1998-01-01

63

Technology transfer quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

The results of research conducted at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the DOE are regularly transferred from the laboratory to the private sector. The principal focus of PNL is on environmental research and waste management technology; other programs of emphasis include molecular science research. The technology transfer process is predicated on Quality to achieve its objectives effectively. Total quality management (TQM) concepts and principles readily apply to the development and translation of new scientific concepts into commercial products. The concept of technology transfer epitomizes the TQM tenet of continuous improvement: always striving for a better way to do things and always satisfying the customer. A successful technology transfer process adds value to society by providing new or enhanced processes, products, and services to government and commercial customers, with a guarantee of product pedigree and process validity. 2 refs.

Hood, F.C.

1991-03-01

64

SOQUA 2007: 4th international workshop on software quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

SOQUA 2007 aims to bring together researchers, engineers, and practitioners to discuss and evaluate latest challenges, breakthroughs and experiences in the field of software quality assurance, and to identify open issues and future trends in this area. Among the many quality assurance topics, SOQUA 2007 puts special focus on the role that emerging self adaptive and self-healing solutions can play

Giovanni Denaro; Mauro Pezzè; Onn Shehory

2007-01-01

65

SOQUA 2007 4th international workshop on software quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

SOQUA 2007 aims to bring together researchers, engineers, and practitioners to discuss and evaluate latest challenges, breakthroughs and experiences in the field of software quality assurance, and to identify open issues and future trends in this area. Among the many quality assurance topics, SOQUA 2007 puts special focus on the role that emerging self-adaptive and self-healing solutions can play in

Giovanni Denaro; Mauro Pezzè; Onn Shehory

2007-01-01

66

Accreditation and Quality Assurance: The Swiss Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the establishment of Switzerland's Accreditation and Quality Assurance Board for higher education. Its advantages include that it focuses not only on fulfilling minimum standards through accreditation, but also on implementation of quality assurance mechanisms. (EV)|

Schenker-Wicki, Andrea

2002-01-01

67

Quality Assurance in Nursing: A Selected Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This selected bibliography with accompanying abstracts encompasses a wide range of ideas and activities related to quality assurance in the field of nursing. Quality assurance is defined to include all activities that delimit and measure multiple aspects ...

N. M. Lang

1980-01-01

68

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2013-01-01

69

Current External Beam Radiation Therapy Quality Assurance Guidance: Does It Meet the Challenges of Emerging Image-Guided Technologies?  

SciTech Connect

The traditional prescriptive quality assurance (QA) programs that attempt to ensure the safety and reliability of traditional external beam radiation therapy are limited in their applicability to such advanced radiation therapy techniques as three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy, intensity-modulated radiation therapy, inverse treatment planning, stereotactic radiosurgery/radiotherapy, and image-guided radiation therapy. The conventional QA paradigm, illustrated by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Radiation Therapy Committee Task Group 40 (TG-40) report, consists of developing a consensus menu of tests and device performance specifications from a generic process model that is assumed to apply to all clinical applications of the device. The complexity, variation in practice patterns, and level of automation of high-technology radiotherapy renders this 'one-size-fits-all' prescriptive QA paradigm ineffective or cost prohibitive if the high-probability error pathways of all possible clinical applications of the device are to be covered. The current approaches to developing comprehensive prescriptive QA protocols can be prohibitively time consuming and cost ineffective and may sometimes fail to adequately safeguard patients. It therefore is important to evaluate more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods of industrial engineering to more optimally focus available QA resources on process components that have a significant likelihood of compromising patient safety or treatment outcomes.

Palta, Jatinder R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)], E-mail: paltajr@ufl.edu; Liu, Chihray; Li, Jonathan G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2008-05-01

70

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...assurance functions. (b) The quality assurance functions areâ (1) Assuring that an appropriate quality assurance program is established...procedures such as checking, auditing, and inspection, that activities...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...

2013-01-01

71

Quality assurance program plan for Building 327  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides an overview of the quality assurance program for Building 327. The program applies to the facility safety structures, systems, and components and to activities that could affect safety structures, systems, and components. Adherence to the quality assurance program ensures the following: US Department of Energy missions and objectives are effectively accomplished; Products and

Tanke

1997-01-01

72

Quality Assurance Audits and Hotel Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

An hotel is an enterprise that must assure adequate quality of service in order to satisfy customers and to succeed in a very competitive market. Quality assurance, being a management task, must be planned and controlled. This article outlines audits of quality assurance systems as an important management aid in hotel operations. ‘Audits' are formal and systematic evaluations and show

Walter Willborn

1986-01-01

73

Radiology quality assurance: a clinical perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional quality assurance programs in a radiology department will undergo a significant transformation as we introduce new technologies with computers such as PACS. A well designed quality assurance program will help assure that these new technologies are used effectively to improve our ability to manage our departments and provide quality care for our patients.

Arenson, Ronald L.

1992-05-01

74

ELEMENTS OF A LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The importance of Quality Assurance is discussed. The requirements of a quality assurance program are divided into three functions; namely, the Control of Quality, the Determination of Quality, and the Documentation of Quality. The Control of Quality is defined as the regulation ...

75

Quality assurance in scheduling nuclear medicine examinations  

SciTech Connect

Quality assurance of patient care is not simply a matter of scintillation camera quality control, radiopharmaceutical quality control, or radioimmunoassay quality control. A patient's psychological and physical needs must be included in the overall quality control picture. With effective quality assurance for patient scheduling, a patient's anxiety can be alleviated, his physical needs can be met, and hospital cost-effectiveness can be maintained.

Wells, L.D.

1982-03-01

76

40 CFR 136.7 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Quality assurance and quality control. 136.7 Section...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) GUIDELINES...ANALYSIS OF POLLUTANTS § 136.7 Quality assurance and quality...

2012-07-01

77

Integration of strategic management and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of quality assurance and strategic management in higher education. The study presents the concept of the quality map, which is a graphical representation of the quality assurance system. The quality map explicitly takes into account the environment, strategic planning and the internal processes of the organisation. The quality map helps

Juha Kettunen

78

48 CFR 37.604 - Quality assurance surveillance plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Quality assurance surveillance plans. 37.604 Section 37... 37.604 Quality assurance surveillance plans. Requirements for quality assurance and quality assurance surveillance plans are in Subpart...

2011-10-01

79

48 CFR 37.604 - Quality assurance surveillance plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Quality assurance surveillance plans. 37.604 Section 37... 37.604 Quality assurance surveillance plans. Requirements for quality assurance and quality assurance surveillance plans are in Subpart...

2012-10-01

80

48 CFR 37.604 - Quality assurance surveillance plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Quality assurance surveillance plans. 37.604 Section...Acquisition 37.604 Quality assurance surveillance plans. Requirements for quality assurance and quality assurance surveillance plans are in Subpart...

2010-10-01

81

48 CFR 37.604 - Quality assurance surveillance plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Quality assurance surveillance plans. 37.604 Section...Acquisition 37.604 Quality assurance surveillance plans. Requirements for quality assurance and quality assurance surveillance plans are in Subpart...

2009-10-01

82

Quality Assurance in Mycotoxin Analysis  

PubMed

Mycotoxin analysis in food and biological fluids is receiving more and more concern, in view also of increasing involvement by the European Union regarding legislation. Basically all the analytical steps regarding mycotoxin analysis have to be performed according to accurate criteria which are strictly connected to the quality of results in terms of reliability. The only rationale for reducing this difficulty is to apply quality assurance principles. Quality assurance principles define, in fact, the rules to be observed for performing this analysis with a degree of uncertainty that is as low as may be possible. In particular sampling techniques, if carried out improperly, give rise to uncertainty concerning the representativeness of samples that is so critical as to induce a dramatic source of errors in the final analysis. Therefore it seems appropriate to plan training courses for personnel on the various side-effects related to the available sampling and subsampling techniques depending on the commodity. Other contributions to the overall error derive from improper methodologies used by technicians in the pre-treatment step of the samples (incorrect use of glassware, standard solutions, etc.), and finally from the operations involved in the whole analytical procedure. In addition, the use of reference materials and certified reference materials together with the utilization of validated methods of analysis will be dealt with as concrete procedures for obtaining the certainty of final results of good quality. This aspect takes on a relevant outcome if applied to official control activities from authorized bodies acting at a national level. PMID:8979961

Brera; Miraglia

1996-11-01

83

222-S laboratory quality assurance plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for analytical services. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing 222-S and 222-SA analytical and quality control activities. The 222-S Laboratory provides analytical services to various clients including, but not limited to, waste characterization for

Meznarich

1995-01-01

84

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP).

Oginni, B. M.; Odero, D. O.

2009-07-01

85

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP)

Oginni, B. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Odero, D. O. [Raleigh Regional Cancer Center, Beckley, West Virginia 25801 (United States)

2009-07-06

86

Quality assurance program and brain drain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of colleges and universities in most developing countries has increased drastically over the past decades. The quality variation of these institutions is an alarming concern. Quality assurance programs are proposed and implemented. This paper evaluates the effects of quality assurance on the demand for college education, study abroad, and the brain drain. It is found that, by reducing

Donald Lien

2007-01-01

87

SEDIMENT SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The report is to serve as a companion to an analogous document on soil sampling quality assurance. Prior to the design of an adequate quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) plan for sediment sampling, there must be agreement on the objectives of the sampling program. Answers t...

88

Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

Li, Yuan

2010-01-01

89

Quality assurance in managed vision benefits.  

PubMed

Quality assurance is an important responsibility of those who purchase managed vision care benefits. In conducting a quality assurance program, it is important to respect patient confidentiality and the practitioner's right to exercise professional discretion. An effective program will not only accomplish its main objective of attaining high-quality care, but it can also enhance member satisfaction and improve provider relations. PMID:10179949

Rosenthal, J; Soroka, M

1998-06-01

90

Balancing School Quality Assurances: A Three Legged Stool.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports America's concern with the quality of today's schools. Discusses the three aspects of quality assurance: accountability to the government (stewardship), community (responsiveness), and profession (professionalism). Argues that all are needed to balance the needs for school quality. Describes two challenges for regional accreditation.…

Sinisi, Randy Venable; Bellamy, G. Thomas

1997-01-01

91

Quality assurance program plan fuel supply shutdown  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program plan (QAPP) describes how the Fuel Supply Shutdown (FSS) project organization implements the quality assurance requirements of HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and the B and W Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), FSP-MP-004. The QAPP applies to facility structures, systems, and components and to activities (e.g., design, procurement, testing, operations, maintenance, etc.) that could affect structures, systems, and components. This QAPP also provides a roadmap of applicable Project Hanford Policies and Procedures (PHPP) which may be utilized by the FSS project organization to implement the requirements of this QAPP.

Metcalf, I.L.

1998-09-21

92

A Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing criticality of software mandates a standard for software quality assurance plans. Such a standard, developed by the Computer Society's Software Engineering Standards Subcommittee, appears here.

F. Buckley

1979-01-01

93

Quality Assurance: Are Laboratories Assuring, Assessing, or Assuming the Quality of Clinical Testing Today?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance implies making certain, guaranteeing the attainment of quality. Do laboratories actually guarantee the quality of testing services today? If not, what is the purpose of quality assurance plans, programs, and practices? Have laboratories even defined the quality to be achieved for each test? If not, how can quality be guaranteed? Do current efforts in assessing quality provide for

James O. Westgard

94

Statistical process control for radiotherapy quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every quality assurance process uncovers random and systematic errors. These errors typically consist of many small random errors and a very few number of large errors that dominate the result. Quality assurance practices in radiotherapy do not adequately differentiate between these two sources of error. The ability to separate these types of errors would allow the dominant source(s) of error

Todd Pawlicki; Matthew Whitaker

2005-01-01

95

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

Microsoft Academic Search

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP),

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-01-01

96

Exploring Quality Assurance in Sixth Form Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to focus on the changing nature of quality assurance systems within the sixth form college sector. Design/methodology/approach: Ten sixth form colleges were surveyed across England and staff from varying levels within college hierarchies questioned about how quality assurance systems were implemented. Research involved…

Stoten, David William

2012-01-01

97

Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

Oijala, J.E.

1988-06-01

98

Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses the status and practice of higher education quality assurance in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on degree-granting tertiary institutions. A main finding is that structured national-level quality assurance processes in African higher education are a very recent phenomenon and that most countries face major capacity constraints.…

Materu, Peter; Righetti, Petra

2010-01-01

99

A Quality Assurance Program for decommissioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defining the Quality Assurance Program for the US Department of Energy Shippingport Station Decommissioning Project (SSDP) was a unique opportunity because this is the first full-sized commercial nuclear power plant to be decommissioned. General Electric Company defined a Quality Assurance Program that provided adequate control, yet was stripped down to the essentials. The Program is designed to provide a flexible

1986-01-01

100

Quality Assurance Reconsidered: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines an external evaluation of the quality assurance system at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) conducted by The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (NOKUT). The external audit report along with internal reports provided by the seven faculties of the university served as the major…

Gynnild, Vidar

2007-01-01

101

Automated Probabilistic Quality Assurance for Data Publication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a researcher the publication of his work is a very important part for building up his reputation. At the moment this is mainly done by producing written publications, but the publication of raw data will become more important in the coming years. An important part of the publication process is the quality assurance of the data not only by technical means, but also by its content. For this quality assurance methods for general data are a very important part. An important aim here is to test unknown datasets on inconsistencies, which is a challenging task. Useful tools in inconsistency detections are change point models. Those are fitted to the data and if the model indicate, that a model with a step is the most probable explanation for the data, the user looks for explanations for the steps. We use and modified here a bayesian approach developed by Dose and Menzel, which was not used for quality assurance until now. But change point detection work mostly only on one dimensional time series. For multidimensional time series, additional tools are necessary. One tool for this is the estimation of probability densities for parts of the data and comparing them to other parts. This was done by us by using histograms and comparing them with help of the Kullback-Leibler Distance and the Earth Mover's Distance. With this it is possible to identify parts with different characteristics like variance shift, level shifts or rounding within the data. This contribution introduce both, the identification method of inconsistencies by estimating probability densities and the bayesian change point detection method. It also give insights to some sensitivity tests and applications not only for the separate methods but also for their combination.

Düsterhus, A.; Hense, A.

2012-04-01

102

Quality assurance for diagnostic imaging equipment  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses factors that influence production of an image. It contains the necessary information to enable the imaging physician to report the diagnostic findings to the referring physician. Some of these factors are human, other are inherent to technique and equipment. The subject of the report is quality assurance, i.e., all of the management practices instituted by the imaging physician, to assure highest quality medical care, but an essential element of quality assurance is quality control. The first three sections are concerned with quality assurance in general and the remainder with quality control in specific circumstances. This report provides a systematic approach to procedures which can ensure that the physician and the imaging facility consistently achieve their optimal performance. This in turn, ensures that there is optimal use of radiation and that radiation exposures to patient and staff are maintained at a level consistent with the principles of optimization of radiation protection espoused by the NCRP.

Not Available

1988-01-01

103

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a description of the quality assurance program...indicate how the applicable quality assurance requirements...include designing, purchasing, fabricating, handling...establish and execute a quality assurance program...functions shall report to a management level so that the...

2009-01-01

104

10 CFR 71.135 - Quality assurance records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality assurance records. 71.135 Section 71...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.135 Quality assurance records. The licensee,...

2013-01-01

105

Quality Assurance Program Plan Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quality Assurance Plan describes how the Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility (WESF) implements the quality assurance (QA) requirements of the Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) (NF-Mp-599) for Project Hanford activities and products. T...

2000-01-01

106

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality assurance program change. 63.144 Section...GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.144 Quality assurance program change. Changes to...

2013-01-01

107

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality assurance requirements. 71.101 Section...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.101 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Purpose....

2013-01-01

108

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Quality assurance criteria. 63.142 Section 63...GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.142 Quality assurance criteria. (a) Introduction...

2009-01-01

109

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Quality assurance program. 637.207 Section...CONSTRUCTION INSPECTION AND APPROVAL Quality Assurance Procedures for Construction § 637.207 Quality assurance program. (a) Each...

2013-04-01

110

7 CFR 90.102 - Quality assurance review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality assurance review. 90.102 Section 90.102...COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS INTRODUCTION Quality Assurance § 90.102 Quality assurance review. (a) Each laboratory...

2013-01-01

111

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section 246...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2012-10-01

112

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality assurance organization. 71.103 Section...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.103 Quality assurance organization. (a) The...

2013-01-01

113

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality assurance criteria. 830.122 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria. The QAP must...

2013-01-01

114

49 CFR 180.505 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Quality assurance program. 180.505 Section 180...and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.505 Quality assurance program. The quality assurance program requirements of § 179.7...

2011-10-01

115

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Quality Assurance Program (QAP). 830.121 ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.121 Quality Assurance Program (QAP)....

2013-01-01

116

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Quality assurance and improvement plan. 441.474 Section...Program § 441.474 Quality assurance and improvement plan. (a) The State must provide a quality assurance and improvement plan that...

2009-10-01

117

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Quality assurance and improvement plan. 441.474 Section...Program § 441.474 Quality assurance and improvement plan. (a) The State must provide a quality assurance and improvement plan that...

2010-10-01

118

48 CFR 2152.246-70 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Quality assurance requirements. ...MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION...Clauses 2152.246-70 Quality assurance requirements. ...insert the following clause: Quality Assurance Requirements...

2012-10-01

119

48 CFR 2152.246-70 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Quality assurance requirements. ...MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION...Clauses 2152.246-70 Quality assurance requirements. ...insert the following clause: Quality Assurance Requirements...

2011-10-01

120

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

SciTech Connect

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

121

Quality Assurance in Mental Health Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Federal legislation requires mental health centers to establish quality assurance programs which seek to maintain or improve the quality of a center's health care services. Three general measures of quality are: (1) input standards for staff and the setting providing care; (2) process standards for the quality of treatment; and (3) outcome…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

122

Automated data quality assurance for marine observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ocean monitoring community requires high quality data that is Data Management and Communications (DMAC)-compliant for both near real time and climate data records. The authors describe a flexible and cost effective automated data quality assurance (ADQA) system that can be used to assess the quality of marine observations and provide quality controlled data to a wide variety of end

J. V. Koziana; J. Olson; T. Anselmo; W. Lu

2008-01-01

123

Quality assurance monitoring of osteopathic manipulative treatment.  

PubMed

The quality assurance review program of military medicine has implications for civilian osteopathic medicine. Clinical monitors need to be developed that are based on the principles of osteopathy. Components of a quality assurance screening checklist for osteopathic manipulative treatment include credentials of the osteopathic physician, the diagnosis, either somatic dysfunction or other condition, the type of osteopathic manipulative treatment applied, and specific contraindications. A checklist applicable to osteopathic manipulative treatment that could be used by military and civilian sectors is suggested. PMID:2354964

Koss, R W

1990-05-01

124

Recommendations for a mammography quality assurance program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1989 the ACPSEM published a position paper entitled “A Quality Assurance Programme for Mass Screening in Mammography”.\\u000a This paper described test parameters and performance specifications for the equipment related aspects of a mammography quality\\u000a assurance program. Advice on test equipment selection was also provided. In the intervening period of time there have been\\u000a considerable advances in mammography technology creating

A. R. Craig; J. C. P. Heggie; I. D. McLean; K. S. Coakley; J. J. Nicoll

2001-01-01

125

Quality assurance program for isotopic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sandia National Laboratories Quality Assurance Program that applies to non-weapon (reimbursable) Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators is summarized. The program was implemented over the past 16 years on power supplies used in various space and terrestrial systems. The quality assurance (QA) activity of the program is in support of the Department of Energy, Office of Space Nuclear Projects. Basic elements of the program are described and examples of program documentation are presented.

Hannigan, R. L.; Harnar, R. R.

1982-12-01

126

Instructional Quality Assurance at Lansing Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from the experiences of Lansing Community College (LCC), this paper offers a rationale and model for measuring instructional quality. Section I offers background on LCC's efforts to assess the quality of its courses and curricula, and to introduce such quality assurance procedures as computer-based course syllabi, department and program…

Herder, Dale M.; And Others

127

Quality Assurance of Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To provide educationalists with an understanding of the key quality issues relating to multiple-choice tests, and a set of guidelines for the quality assurance of such tests. Design/methodology/approach: The discussion of quality issues is structured to reflect the order in which those issues naturally arise. It covers the design of…

Bush, Martin E.

2006-01-01

128

Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance plan identifies the data necessary, and techniques designed to attain the required quality, to meet the specific data quality objectives associated with the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This report specifies sampling, waste testing, and analytical methods for transuranic wastes.

NONE

1995-04-30

129

[Quality assurance in food microbiology laboratories].  

PubMed

In the paper the quality assurance system in food microbiology laboratories to ensure the reliability of the analytical data are discussed. To introduce quality assurance system in the laboratory all activities such as sampling, method selection, laboratory environment, equipment, reagents and media, staff, reference materials, internal quality control and external quality control (proficiency testing) that effect on the results must be documented and controlled. The kind of food sample, condition and time of storage before analysis and proper selection of methodology have significant influence on the result of the microbiological analysis. Equipment used to carry out the test must work properly. Implementation of of the internal and external quality control to the routine work of the food microbiology laboratory means that the production of the results is under control and that the data are reliable. If the quality assurance system is properly implemented and well documented it makes the base for the laboratory to get the accreditation. PMID:9102793

Cwiek-Ludwicka, K; Windyga, B; Kar?owski, K

1996-01-01

130

Nuclear quality assurance operating philosophy: A quality-oriented approach  

SciTech Connect

Quality assurance programs have been part of the nuclear utility management process since the publication of the draft of 10CFR50 Appendix B in the late 1960s. The unwritten operational philosophy of nuclear quality assurance organizations focused on compliance with federal regulations. Adverse experiences, including operational events and extended shutdowns, prompted the gradual adoption of isolated practices extending beyond compliance orientation. These practices have an orientation that accommodates a definition of quality, a perspective of the role of nuclear quality assurance organizations in the overall concept of defense-in-depth, a definition of the segments of the nuclear quality assurance mission, and recent advances in the understanding of self-assessment. Observation of these practices at various nuclear utilities resulted in a syntheses of practices and approaches into a coherent quality-oriented nuclear quality assurance operating philosophy that is not totally adopted at any one utility.

Corcoran, W.R. (TENERA Risk Management Services, Windsor, CT (United States)); Geiger, J.E. (Florida Power and Light Co., Juno Beach (United States)); Heibel, R.E. (Baltimore Gas and Electric, Lusby, MD (United States)); Cotton, J.B. (Philadelphia Electric Co., Wayne, PA (United States)); Sabol, A.R. (Pennsylvania Power and Light, Allentown (United States))

1992-01-01

131

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case  

SciTech Connect

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

2011-02-01

132

Creating a Quality Assurance System for Croatian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an action plan for establishing a system of quality assurance for Croatian higher education. The action plan is forward-looking rather than retrospective and draws on experiences with adopting continuous improvement practices in Australia, Turkey, and the United States. Numerous authors have explored the challenges facing…

Currie, David M.; Krbec, Denisa; Higgins, James

2005-01-01

133

Product Quality Assurance Project for Teaching of Food Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two of the challenges in teaching Food Analysis are bringing relevance to the various chemical and physical analyses discussed and exposing students to the realities of quality assurance in the food industry. In a project to help meet those objectives, each student, with the assistance of a "resource person" from the food industry, completes the…

Nielsen, S. S.

2004-01-01

134

Assuring Quality/Resisting Quality Assurance: Academics' Responses to "Quality" in Some Australian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academics, although committed to quality in research and teaching, continue to resist quality assurance processes within their universities. This apparent paradox reflects a series of disputes surrounding issues of power, definition and efficacy. This article reports on a study of 30 academics from 10 Australian universities and details their…

Anderson, Gina

2006-01-01

135

Quality assurance in Australian universities: a study of quality assurance in undergraduate education at University of Culture in 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis investigated and described the application of quality assurance in an Australian university. The research explored the following questions: How is quality assurance understood at University of Culture (UOC)? How is quality assurance developed at UOC? What are the criteria for quality assurance at UOC, and How is quality assessed and evaluated at UOC? The research focused on how

Huai Nathan Jiang

2007-01-01

136

222-S Laboratory Quality Assurance Plan. Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Plan provides,quality assurance (QA) guidance, regulatory QA requirements (e.g., 10 CFR 830.120), and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP). In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. Quality assurance

Meznarich

1995-01-01

137

Basic quality assurance program for small diagnostic radiology facilities. Quality assurance series  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report combines previously published material with new text to provide a description of a basic quality assurance program for small diagnostic radiology facilities. The information is provided in the order that individuals responsible for establishing a quality assurance program would need it. Staff support is discussed, as well as other planning activities; Suggested procedures for monitoring the equipment are

Burkhart

1983-01-01

138

Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

2009-01-01

139

SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The inherent inseparability of a cost-effective Soil Sampling Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Plan from the objectives of a soil monitoring program is emphasized. Required precisions and confidence levels for the data cannot be defined until the decisions which will be ...

140

Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

2009-01-01

141

ENHANCING SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION THROUGH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The basic features of the Quality Assurance Program have been in existence since the early 1980's, but this poster will highlight some topics that have emerged more recently, in particular the Agency's laboratory competency policy, the information quality guidelines, and scientif...

142

Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Split Samples:  Two or more representative portions taken from one sample in the field or in the laboratory and analyzed by different analysts or laboratories. Split samples are quality control samples that are used to assess analytical variability and comparability.   From Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing (sample plans)

2012-12-04

143

The New English Quality Assurance Regime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|England is developing a new quality assurance regime that will come into effect in October 2011. A new funding regime will operate from the following year, together with new rules to ease the participation of private higher education providers. This article describes and analyses the new quality and funding regimes. It argues that the greater…

Brown, Roger

2011-01-01

144

MICROBIOLOGY: METHODOLOGY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

Research on the microbiological quality of water continues to concentrate on improved methods for the detection, enumeration, and identification of pollution indicators, pathogens, and other microbial groups. A complete handbook of basic laboratory procedures, replete with resour...

145

Quality Assurance: An Educational Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course designed to give students the theoretical and practical knowledge to understand the factors influencing the provision of quality nursing care; to use standards to evaluate nursing care; and to make planning changes to improvement. (Author)

Griffith, Nancy L.; Megel, Mary Erickson

1981-01-01

146

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146...MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 2146.270...

2012-10-01

147

Quality assurance and control for robotic GMA welding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A quality assurance (QA) model has been developed. This model systematically considers the relevant activities before, during and after the welding operations with respect to quality. Efficient quality assurance requires that the functionality of the pres...

Xie Max X

1992-01-01

148

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. ...MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846... Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality...

2011-10-01

149

Quality Assurance Program Development--Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document has two parts: (1) course outlines and unit lesson plans for 10 vocational courses; and (2) course descriptions. competencies, and topical outlines for 7 courses in a quality assurance curriculum. In the first part, outlines and unit lesson plans are provided for the following courses: standards and specifications, materials, basic…

Wisconsin Indianhead Technical Coll., Shell Lake.

150

Quality assurance for gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance program is designed for stereotactic radiosurgical units, gamma knife, to check and maintain the unit to preclude accidents and comply with current regulations. Over 58 stereotactic radiosurgical units using 201 focused {sup 60}Co beams have been installed in the last 7 years and are in use at hospitals throughout the world, with at least 11 additional units being prepared to come on-line in the next year. This system has been in use at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for 7 years. A comprehensive quality assurance program has been developed. It includes the physics and dosimetry parameters and safety checks required by regulatory agencies. The program, based on over 7 years of experience in measurements, and used during the treatment of over 1500 patients, is separated into three aspects, namely physics, dosimetry, and safety. The UPMC program hopefully will indicate out-of-tolerance problems. Some quality assurance items are checked on a daily basis prior to patient treatment, while other aspects are checked on a weekly, monthly, and/or annual basis. A complete list of items with their respective time tables and tolerances is provided. Although experience shows very small margins of error, larger values were chosen to account for variations in equipment and techniques. Items included in this quality assurance program should indicate and/or preclude problems encountered in the use of this unit. 10 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Maitz, A.H.; Wu, A.; Lunsford, L.D. [Univ. of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA (United States)] [and others

1995-07-30

151

Effectiveness of Quality Assurance Training for Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A quality assurance program was designed to teach youth about safe and wholesome food production, animal management techniques, and ethical decision making related to food animal production. Participants gained skills in animal management techniques and their opinions about consumer expectations were positively influenced. The program…

Nold, Rosie; Hanson, Dana

2001-01-01

152

Quality assurance in radiation therapy: physical aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present status of the quality assurance work regarding the physical aspects in radiation treatment is discussed. In particular, the situation in Europe is surveyed. An analysis of the errors in the delivered absorbed dose to a specified point in the irradiated patient shows that the uncertainty, to approximately the same degree, depends on the dose distribution determination, the dose

Hans Svensson

1984-01-01

153

Nursing Quality Assurance: The Wisconsin System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation model guidelines for hospital departments of nursing to use in their nursing quality assurance programs are presented as developed in Wisconsin. Four essential components of the Wisconsin outcome evaluation system are criteria, assessment, standards, and improvement of care. Sample tests and charts are included in the article. (MF)

Hover, Julie; Zimmer, Marie J.

1978-01-01

154

MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

1996-04-01

155

Research and development quality assurance planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity

Hoke

1990-01-01

156

MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO

H. M. Abhold; J. S. Hendricks

1996-01-01

157

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance (QA) Plan documents the QA activities that will be managed by the INL related to JCN N6423. The NRC developed the SAPHIRE computer code for performing probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) using a personal computer (PC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) under Job Code Number (JCN) L1429. SAPHIRE started out as a feasibility study for a PRA

Curtis Smith

2010-01-01

158

QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR AMBIENT AIR MONITORING  

EPA Science Inventory

State and local government agencies that are required to implement and report the data from the US Ambient Air Monitoring Networks are also required in 40 CFR Part 58 to participate in a system of Quality Assurance (QA) activities. Agencies with monitoring stations in the US netw...

159

Motor performance testing to assure quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technically meaningful demonstration of motor adequacy requires a comprehensive test program controlled by procedures under a quality assurance program, and a definition of critical characteristics as it relates to functional performance. This paper discusses how to determine motor critical characteristics, evaluates industry guidance and standards for motor testing, and defines the types of tests which are appropriate for demonstration

Salvatore P. Savino; L. P. Gradin

1994-01-01

160

Quality Assurance and Evaluation in Denmark  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, international comparisons have become a powerful lever for change in educational policies. Quality assurance and evaluation (QAE) in many forms is being incorporated in the steering and management of schools. However, the Danish use of QAE is a dynamic result of ongoing tensions and struggles both around and within QAE…

Andersen, Vibeke Normann; Dahler-Larsen, Peter; Pedersen, Carsten Strombaek

2009-01-01

161

222-S laboratory quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for analytical services. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing 222-S and 222-SA analytical and quality control activities. The 222-S Laboratory provides analytical services to various clients including, but not limited to, waste characterization for the Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS), waste characterization for regulatory waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD), regulatory compliance samples, radiation screening, process samples, and TPA samples. A graded approach is applied on the level of sample custody, QC, data verification, and data reporting to meet the specific needs of the client.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-04-01

162

Quality assurance in small plating shops  

SciTech Connect

The potential for electroless nickel coatings in oilfield and petrochemical applications is quite high. The greatest obstacle to their use has been a reputation for poor quality due to a lack of quality control in many plating shops. To overcome this, electroless nickel shops should not only have a quality control program in their operation, but must also document its use and success. This article describes how a plating shoe can develop the necessary procedures, manuals, and paperwork trail to offer quality assurance and to satisfy customers.

McNabb, W.J. (Electroless Nickel Plating of Louisiana, Hammond, LA (United States))

1993-10-01

163

Quality assurance in the health care industry.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to explore the quality assurance methods commonly used in the health care industry. Factors that influence the delivery of quality patient care is explored as well as factors that affect implementation of quality control measures. The importance of quality patient care to the economic success of the health care industry is described. Quality improvement efforts that are utilized by health care institutions are described including: independent performance audits, internal audits, outcomes analysis, consumer reports, industry guidelines, and consumer satisfaction surveys. Highly effective hospital managers exhibit management roles, behaviors, and a range of activities that correlate strongly to institutional commitment to quality and improved patient care outcomes. By reinforcing their involvement in quality improvement efforts, hospital managers were able to enhance their effectiveness in promoting and sustaining quality care. PMID:16080413

Guth, Kim Ann; Kleiner, Brian

2005-01-01

164

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software

Fishler

2011-01-01

165

Policy Development of Quality Assurance: A Critical Perspective on Past and Future Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the initiatives and development of policies to establish a workable quality assurance system for institutions of higher education in South Africa in the last decade. Notes challenges such as the government's emphasis on programs of study and its requirement that quality assurance systems include institutional auditing,…

van der Westhuizen, L. J.

2000-01-01

166

Quality assurance of medical education: a case study from Switzerland  

PubMed Central

In the light of ongoing changes and challenges in the European health systems which also have significant implications for undergraduate medical education, the present paper describes the accreditation of medical education programmes in Switzerland focussing on undergraduate medical education. A summary of the methodology used is provided and first experiences as well as future perspectives are discussed in the light of the aim to achieve continuous quality assurance and improvement in medical education.

Schirlo, Christian; Heusser, Rolf

2010-01-01

167

Summary of Federal Quality Assurance Programs Related to Marine Pollution.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1983 an interagency working group was formed to develop a means of improving the quality assurance programs and interagency quality assurance efforts of the Federal agencies and departments performing marine measurements. This report is in support of t...

A. W. Zacherle

1984-01-01

168

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN RESEARCH LABORATORIES: RULES AND REASON  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality Assurance in Research Laboratories: Rules and Reason Ron Rogers, Quality Assurance and Records Manager, Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL/ORD/US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709 To anyone who has actively participated in research, as I have...

169

Hidden Challenges to MEMS Commercialization: Design Realization and Reliability Assurance  

SciTech Connect

The successful commercialization of MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) is an essential prerequisite for their implementation in many critical government applications. Several unique challenges must be overcome to achieve this widespread commercialization. Challenges associated with design realization and reliability assurance are discussed, along with approaches taken by Sandia to successfully overcome these challenges.

McWhorter, P.J.; Miller, S.L.; Miller, W.M.; Rodger, M.S.; Yarberry, V.R.

1999-01-20

170

Quality assurance management plan special analytical support  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), WDOE or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data.

Myers, M.L.

1997-01-30

171

Quality assurance in acid precipitation measurements  

SciTech Connect

The growing interest in acid deposition has led to a proliferation of laboratories engaged in such studies. High-level quality assurance (QA) procedures are required for each program to standardize the diverse measurement methods in use and to determine the validity of differences in measurements widely separated in space and time. Both in-laboratory (quality control) and external (quality assurance) procedures are required. A complete QA program for acid precipitation measurements must address program objectives; site selection and operation; operator selection and training; sample collection, handling, and analyses; and data checking, storage, retrieval, and transmission. Objective criteria must be developed for detecting adulterated samples and invalid data. Appropriate laboratory and field blanks must be collected and analyzed. Standard techniques (sample spiking, replicate analysis of standards and samples) should ensure the reliability of analytical results. Relevant quality assurance data, including analytical detection limits, blank values, and the variability of replicate determinations, must be supplied with each data transmittal. Experimental information should be available upon request. The measurement of the pH of dilute solutions such as rain is particularly difficult; differences as large as 0.3 pH unit may be observed in replicate analyses of the same sample using different electrode types. Laboratory results are presented demonstrating typical variability to be expected in the collection, storage, and analysis of rainwater for major ions, including hydrogen ion. 15 references, 4 tables.

Campbell, S.; Scott, H.

1985-06-01

172

15 CFR 996.31 - Termination of the Quality Assurance Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES Other Quality Assurance Program Matters...

2009-01-01

173

15 CFR 996.31 - Termination of the Quality Assurance Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES Other Quality Assurance Program Matters...

2010-01-01

174

48 CFR 12.208 - Contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract quality assurance. 12.208 Section 12...Commercial Items 12.208 Contract quality assurance. Contracts for commercial items shall rely on contractors' existing quality assurance systems as a substitute for...

2011-10-01

175

Quality assurance for packaging of radioactive and hazardous materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy (DOE) has required for many years that quality assurance programs be established and implemented for the packaging of radioactive and hazardous materials. This paper identifies various requirement principles and related actions involved in establishing effective quality assurance for packaging of radioactive and hazardous materials. A primary purpose of these quality assurance program activities is to provide

Gustafson

1986-01-01

176

Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of radiological airborne emissions. This Quality Assurance Program Plan is prepared in accordance with and to written requirements.

Boom, R.J.

1995-12-01

177

Information Technology, Quality Assurance, and Academic Library Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the roles of Information Technology and quality assurance in effective and efficient library services in Nigerian academic libraries. Issues relating to IT and quality assurance in academic libraries are discussed and recommendations offered on how quality assurance can be implemented in academic libraries.

L. F. Osinulu; O. I. Amusa

2010-01-01

178

Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of radiological airborne emissions. This Quality Assurance Program Plan is prepared in accordance with and to written requirements.

1995-01-01

179

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Proposals for Consultation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document sets out for consultation proposals for a revised method for quality assurance of teaching and learning in higher education. The proposals cover: (1) the objectives and principles of quality assurance; (2) an approach to quality assurance based on external audit principles; (3) the collection and publication of information; (4)…

Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

180

Quality assurance: establishing a program for libraries.  

PubMed

"Quality Assurance" (QA) is a practical tool for library management, a link in the library's relationship with administrative decision makers. Instituting or refining a QA program takes into account formal and informal methods. Described are one library's program and problem-solving model, the role of others in the library's program, types of recordkeeping, and integration of the library program with organizational QA. Positive results include participation in management-level activities and improvement in quality and delivery of services and products. Ten suggestions are made to begin a QA program. PMID:10302816

Fredenburg, A M

1988-01-01

181

FDA's mammography facility quality assurance program.  

PubMed

To summarize, the key features of the MQSA program are: To operate lawfully after October 1, 1994, a mammography facility must be certified by FDA as providing quality mammography services. For a facility to be certified, it must be accredited by a federally-approved private nonprofit or state accreditation body. To be accredited, the facility must undergo periodic review of its clinical images and meet federally-developed quality standards for personnel qualifications, quality assurance programs, and recordkeeping and reporting. To maintain its certification, the facility must pass an annual inspection conducted by federal or state personnel. If congress grants FDA authority, the agency will establish interim standards initially but will eventually replace them with more comprehensive final standards. After October 1, 1994, mammography facilities unable to comply with the quality standards in effect at a given time will not be permitted to continue in operation. FDA believes that once the comprehensive standards and inspection program are in place, the goal of assuring all women access to quality mammography will soon be reached. PMID:10132931

Kivel, M

1994-02-01

182

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2012-10-01

183

Quality assurance of asthma clinical trials.  

PubMed

Accuracy and repeatability of spirometry measurements are essential to obtain reliable efficacy data in randomized asthma clinical trials. We report our experience with a centralized spirometry quality assurance program that we implemented in our phase III asthma trials. Six asthma trials of 4 to 21 weeks in duration were conducted at 232 clinical centers in 31 countries. Approximately 23,100 prebronchodilator and 13,700 postbronchodilator spirometry tests were collected from 2523 adult and 336 pediatric asthmatic patients. The program used a standard spirometer (the Renaissance spirometry system) with maneuver quality messages and automated quality grading of the spirometry tests. Each clinical center transmitted spirometry data weekly to a central database, where uniform monitoring of data quality was performed and feedback was provided in weekly quality reports. Seventy-nine percent of all patients performed spirometry sessions with quality that either met or exceeded American Thoracic Society standards and improved over time. Good-quality spirometry was associated with (1) less severe asthma; (2) active treatment; (3) infrequent nocturnal awakenings; (4) age above 15 years; and (5) low body weight. Maneuver-induced bronchospasm was rare. Good-quality spirometry was observed in multicenter asthma clinical trials that employed a standard spirometer and continuous monitoring. Both within- and between-patient variability decreased. Spirometry quality improved with time as study participants and technicians gained experience. PMID:11943441

Malmstrom, Kerstin; Peszek, Iza; Al Botto; Lu, Susan; Enright, Paul L; Reiss, Theodore F

2002-04-01

184

Quality assurance review programs of auditing firms: an international perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Quality assurance review programs are created to provide assurances to the public that all accountants maintain a high level of competence in public practice. However, not all countries require such programs. The purpose of this research is to compare and contrast quality assurance review programs in different parts of the world in order to identify similarities and differences

Yass A. Alkafaji

2007-01-01

185

Conduct of Operations and Quality Assurance Compliance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to present and detail the deliverables for the Tiger Team Action Plan, Finding MF-11, and milestones in the FY92 Performance Appraisal for Conduct of Operations from Sandia National Laboratories to DOE. The Proposal for Reporting Conduct of Operations Quality Assurance Compliance to DOE'' describes what the deliverables shall be. Five major steps that result in the development of line practices are covered in this document. These line practices specify what Sandia will do to comply with the above DOE management orders. The five steps include: hazard classification; programmatic risk classification; management grouping; compliance plan; and corporate reporting.

Andrews, N.S.

1992-06-01

186

Conduct of Operations and Quality Assurance Compliance  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to present and detail the deliverables for the Tiger Team Action Plan, Finding MF-11, and milestones in the FY92 Performance Appraisal for Conduct of Operations from Sandia National Laboratories to DOE. The ``Proposal for Reporting Conduct of Operations & Quality Assurance Compliance to DOE`` describes what the deliverables shall be. Five major steps that result in the development of line practices are covered in this document. These line practices specify what Sandia will do to comply with the above DOE management orders. The five steps include: hazard classification; programmatic risk classification; management grouping; compliance plan; and corporate reporting.

Andrews, N.S.

1992-06-01

187

Nuclear Technology. Course 31: Quality Assurance Practices. Module 31-7, Auditing for Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This seventh in a series of eight modules for a course titled Quality Assurance Practices describes the key features of an audit system and offers practice in carrying out tasks of the technicians. The module follows a typical format that includes the following sections: (1) introduction, (2) module prerequisites, (3) objectives, (4) notes to…

Pritchard, Jim; Espy, John

188

Radiographic Film Processing Quality Assurance: A Self-Teaching Workbook. Quality Assurance Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This workbook has been designed for use in conjunction with the manual, "Photographic Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Therapy." Presented are several typical problems arising from the existence of variability and fluctuations in the automatic processing of radiographs, which unless corrected, can…

Goldman, Lee W.

189

External quality assurance for heparin monitoring.  

PubMed

Although there is considerable debate regarding the usefulness of laboratory heparin monitoring, these test processes reflect a substantial portion of hemostasis laboratory activity. Accordingly, external quality assurance (EQA) remains an essential component of such testing, and ensures that laboratories provide the best available service for patient management. This report provides an overview of recent and past EQA related to heparin monitoring using data from the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Haematology Quality Assurance Program, and heparin-containing plasma samples with concentrations ranging from 0 to 1.4 U/mL. Laboratory tests evaluated comprised activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen, and anti-Xa assays. Results for APTT and TT testing were largely as expected, showing prolongation with increasing concentrations of heparin. Fibrinogen assays were generally unaffected by the presence of therapeutic heparin levels. Although cross-laboratory median values for the anti-Xa assay were close to target values, substantial interlaboratory variation in results, expressed as coefficient of variation (CV), was observed in all exercises conducted over an 8-year period (5 to 28% for low-molecular weight heparin [LMWH] and 19 to 37% for unfractionated heparin). Duplicate samples sent in consecutive surveys resulted in similar median values. The use of a survey-provided standard as assay calibrant improved CVs in earlier surveys, but not in the most recent survey. PMID:22941784

Bonar, Roslyn A; Favaloro, Emmanuel J; Marsden, Katherine

2012-06-30

190

222-S Laboratory Quality Assurance Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Plan provides,quality assurance (QA) guidance, regulatory QA requirements (e.g., 10 CFR 830.120), and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP). In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. Quality assurance elements required in the Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Program Plans (QAMS-004) and Interim Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Project Plans (QAMS-005) from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are covered throughout this document. A quality assurance index is provided in the Appendix A. This document also provides and/or identifies the procedural information that governs laboratory operations. The personnel of the 222-S Laboratory and the Standards Laboratory including managers, analysts, QA/QC staff, auditors, and support staff shall use this document as guidance and instructions for their operational and quality assurance activities. Other organizations that conduct activities described in this document for the 222-S Laboratory shall follow this QA/QC document.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-07-31

191

Software quality assurance plan for PORFLOW-3D  

SciTech Connect

This plan describes the steps taken by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Subsurface and Environmental Modeling Unit personnel to implement software quality assurance procedures for the PORFLOW-3D computer code. PORFLOW-3D was used to conduct radiological performance assessments at the Savannah River Site. software quality assurance procedures for PORFLOW-3D include software acquisition, installation, testing, operation, maintenance, and retirement. Configuration control and quality assurance procedures are also included or referenced in this plan.

Maheras, S.J.

1993-03-01

192

Near Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is

2000-01-01

193

Quality assurance in home laboratory testing.  

PubMed

In review, one is compelled to the notion that a variety of the aforementioned thoughts become pre-eminent in assuring quality. The selection of the tests available for home testing is crucial. They should be divided into categories of single encounter tests and multiple use tests. The single encounter implies a test that has an extremely high degree of reliability and is likely to achieve an answer to the question asked. This should relate to a disease or process for which potential favorable treatment can be achieved or which may have a major favorable impact on public health. In this category one thinks in terms of the worldwide prevalence of hepatitis B and other infectious diseases that are particularly common in third world countries. Yet, these are not "markets" likely to be able to afford this testing. Similarly, these societies are not currently sophisticated in terms of application of preventive measures. On the other hand, major benefits could be projected from the other category of testing, namely, therapeutic monitoring in the hands of individuals who will repetitively test for the same substance in the same manner. This includes not only diabetes but other conditions that are monitored for drug therapy, including seizure disorders and bronchospasm. Inherent in this aspect is the requirement for meaningful and ongoing instruction in proper testing methodology and recording of results. The incorporation of some type of memory device to enforce this aspect of testing appears extremely desirable, if not mandatory. Finally, we must consider the potential for misuse of the single test type of device. One suspects that it would be highly desirable that any test made available for self-testing should also be mandated as accessible through certified laboratories at the request of an individual, which would at least provide reliable performance of the test with a quality result. The development of the concept of quality assurance in home testing is in its infancy and will require continuing evolution. PMID:3791913

Keffer, J H

1986-12-01

194

Quality assurance plan for a vaccine preventable diseases surveillance program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health surveillance programs for vaccine preventable diseases (VPD) need functional quality assurance (QA) in order to operate with high quality activities to prevent preventable communicable diseases from spreading in the community. Having a functional QA plan can assure the performance and quality of a program without putting excessive stress on the resources. A functional QA plan acts as a

Vaneet Arora

2009-01-01

195

Institutional Response to the Swedish Model of Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the Swedish model of quality assurance of higher education by examining the response of institutions to 27 quality audits and 19 follow-up interviews. Discusses the relationship between top-down and bottom-up approaches to internal quality assurance and suggests that, with growing professionalization, more limited result-oriented audits…

Nilsson, Karl-Axel; Wahlen, Staffan

2000-01-01

196

Quality Assurance Program Plan for FFTF effluent controls. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan is specific to environmental related activities within the FFTF Property Protected Area. The activities include effluent monitoring and Low Level Waste Certification.

Seamans, J.A.

1995-06-08

197

Quality Assurance Program Plan for FFTF effluent controls. Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan is specific to environmental related activities within the FFTF Property Protected Area. The activities include effluent monitoring and Low Level Waste Certification.

Seamans

1995-01-01

198

Exploratory Shaft Facility quality assurance impact evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This report addresses the impact of the quality assurance practices used for the Exploratory Shaft Facility (ESF) design, and construction in licensing as part of the repository. Acceptance criteria used for evaluating the suitability of ESF QA practices are based on documents that had not been invoked for repository design or construction activities at the time of this evaluation. This report identifies the QA practices necessary for ESF design and construction licensability. A review and evaluation of QA practices for ESF design and construction resulted in the following conclusions. QA practices were found to be acceptable with a few exceptions. QA practices for construction activities were found to be insufficiently documented in implementing procedures to allow a full and effective evaluation for licensing purposes. Recommendations are provided for mitigating impacts to ensure compatibility of the QA practices with those considered necessary for repository licensing. 8 refs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1987-08-01

199

Quality assurance in radiation therapy: physical aspects  

SciTech Connect

The present status of the quality assurance work regarding the physical aspects in radiation treatment is discussed. In particular, the situation in Europe is surveyed. An analysis of the errors in the delivered absorbed dose to a specified point in the irradiated patient shows that the uncertainty, to approximately the same degree, depends on the dose distribution determination, the dose planning and the patient irradiation. Following the procedure generally in use, the overall uncertainty will be about 8%. The random uncertainties are estimated as one standard deviation and non-random uncertainties to corresponding degree of uncertainty. It is argued that this level must be improved. Furthermore, dose intercomparisons show that in reality much larger errors occur in clinical practice. Different means to improve the situation are discussed.

Svensson, H.

1984-06-01

200

Critique of Traditional Quality Assurance Paradigm  

SciTech Connect

Radiotherapy was one of the first medical specialties to incorporate quality assurance (QA) into routine practices. Over the years, QA has become more comprehensive and time consuming. Following all the recommended QA procedures would burden the resources of most physics staffs. Much of the QA in recommendations serves no effective role. Performing all appropriate QA for the treatment units does not necessarily prevent events that result in patient injury. Equipment failures that have produced injury often occur with no warning. The human reactions to such failures will determine whether injury will follow. In addition, most events occur, not because of equipment failures, but because of human actions. Effective QA needs to consider procedures, rather than just equipment, and the human actions and interactions required for safe execution. New approaches address this problem.

Thomadsen, Bruce [Departments of Medical Physics, Human Oncology, Biomedical Engineering, and Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI (United States)], E-mail: thomadsen@humonc.wisc.edu

2008-05-01

201

Hanford analytical services quality assurance requirements documents  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Document (HASQARD) is issued by the Analytical Services, Program of the Waste Management Division, US Department of Energy (US DOE), Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). The HASQARD establishes quality requirements in response to DOE Order 5700.6C (DOE 1991b). The HASQARD is designed to meet the needs of DOE-RL for maintaining a consistent level of quality for sampling and field and laboratory analytical services provided by contractor and commercial field and laboratory analytical operations. The HASQARD serves as the quality basis for all sampling and field/laboratory analytical services provided to DOE-RL through the Analytical Services Program of the Waste Management Division in support of Hanford Site environmental cleanup efforts. This includes work performed by contractor and commercial laboratories and covers radiological and nonradiological analyses. The HASQARD applies to field sampling, field analysis, and research and development activities that support work conducted under the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Tri-Party Agreement and regulatory permit applications and applicable permit requirements described in subsections of this volume. The HASQARD applies to work done to support process chemistry analysis (e.g., ongoing site waste treatment and characterization operations) and research and development projects related to Hanford Site environmental cleanup activities. This ensures a uniform quality umbrella to analytical site activities predicated on the concepts contained in the HASQARD. Using HASQARD will ensure data of known quality and technical defensibility of the methods used to obtain that data. The HASQARD is made up of four volumes: Volume 1, Administrative Requirements; Volume 2, Sampling Technical Requirements; Volume 3, Field Analytical Technical Requirements; and Volume 4, Laboratory Technical Requirements. Volume 1 describes the administrative requirements applicable to each of the other three volumes and is intended to be used in conjunction with the technical volumes.

Hyatt, J.E.

1997-09-25

202

Overview of the quality assurance movement in health care.  

PubMed

This chapter aims to describe the origin and current status of quality assurance (QA) in health care and to provide a background of similar developments in other industries, which have provided a major impetus for QA initiatives in health care. The interest in quality and safety in the health care sector has rapidly risen over the past decade. Without important lessons learnt from other industries, the interest and obtained improvements would have been far less fast. Knowledge on basic principles and challenges faced by other industries like the airline, car, and nuclear energy industry, that drove quality improvement projects, is of major relevance to understand the evolutions taking place in health care. To fully appreciate the QA movement, and design or implement quality improvement projects, its basic principles need to be understood. This chapter aims to give insights in basic principles underlying QA, and to discuss historical lessons that have been learnt from other industries. Furthermore, it discusses how to implement and assure a sustainable QA program. PMID:21764002

de Jonge, Vincent; Sint Nicolaas, Jerome; van Leerdam, Monique E; Kuipers, Ernst J

2011-06-01

203

Exploring nurse students' expectations for developing a quality assurance course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim : The aim of this qualitative study was to explore nurse students' expectations on a quality assurance course and to use the data provided for further development of the course. Method and material : The sample studied consisted of 12 postgraduate nurse students who were anticipated to attend a quality assurance course for nurses in U.K. Data were collected

Areti Stavropoulou; Theodora Stroubouki

2009-01-01

204

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with

Nickels

1991-01-01

205

Understanding Quality Assurance: A Cross Country Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of understanding between an Australian university and its offshore partner institution, on quality assurance. It attempts to highlight the dynamics of quality assurance policy implementation within and across institutions for an offshore degree. Design/methodology/approach: The study used…

Choon Boey Lim, Fion

2008-01-01

206

Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes. ENQA Workshop Report 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the Bologna ministerial conference to be held in April 2012 in Bucharest, ENQA organised a seminar in September 2011 on Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes in collaboration with the Austrian Accreditation Council (OAR). The purpose of this seminar was twofold: first, to analyse the experience already gained in quality assurance of…

Frederiks, Mark; Grifoll, Josep; Hiltunen, Kirsi; Hopbach, Achim

2012-01-01

207

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

208

Radiographic film processing quality assurance: a self-teaching workbook  

SciTech Connect

This workbook presents several typical problems requiring correction which will be found in a quality assurance program. While the suggested answers are not the only acceptable ones, the author has found them useful and workable in practice. The workbook has been designed for use in conjunction with the manual, Photographic Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, and Radiation Therapy. (PSB)

Goldman, L.W.

1981-01-01

209

Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Commonwealth of Learning is proud to partner with the Sri Lankan Ministry of Higher Education and UNESCO to produce this "Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes". The Toolkit has been prepared with three features. First, it is a generic document on quality assurance, complete with a glossary of…

Rama, Kondapalli, Ed.; Hope, Andrea, Ed.

2009-01-01

210

Quality Assurance in Online Content Literacy Methods Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

As institutions offer more online courses in their teacher certification and literacy master's programs, research is needed to address issues of quality assurance in online instruction. This multicase study analyzes qualitatively elements for addressing quality assurance of the implementation of an online content literacy teacher education course offered at two different universities. Students' online discussion board posts responding to course

Josephine P. Marsh; Jayne C. Lammers; Donna E. Alvermann

2012-01-01

211

Quality Assurance of E-learning. ENQA Workshop Report 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning in the European Higher Education Area has stampeded its way to the foreground of the Quality Assurance (QA) forum, and has become a key issue among quality assurance agencies and institutions in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Because internet-based learning is currently such a relevant topic, there is a dire need for the…

Grifoll, Josep; Huertas, Esther; Prades, Anna; Rodriguez, Sebastian; Rubin, Yuri; Mulder, Fred; Ossiannilsson, Ebba

2010-01-01

212

Quality assurance program plan for SNF characterization support project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project. This QAPP has been developed specifically for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project, per Letter of Instruction (LOI) from Duke Engineering and Services Company, letter No. DESH-9655870, dated Nov. 22, 1996. It applies to those

Tanke

1997-01-01

213

Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of airborne emissions. The Hanford Site radioactive airborne emissions requirements are defined in National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part 61, Subpart H

1995-01-01

214

Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Engineering Education in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a study of the quality assurance and accreditation in the Jordanian higher education sector and focuses mainly on engineering education. It presents engineering education, accreditation and quality assurance in Jordan and considers the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) for a case study. The study highlights…

Aqlan, Faisal; Al-Araidah, Omar; Al-Hawari, Tarek

2010-01-01

215

Policy of Quality Assurance in Hong Kong Preschools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the sources, processes and impact of the quality assurance policy implemented in Hong Kong preschools. Regarded as a sort of policy alignment between the subsystems of pre-primary, primary and secondary education, the introduction of a quality assurance policy has been directly and indirectly transforming the settlements in…

Dora, Ho Choi-wa

2007-01-01

216

Current Trends in European Quality Assurance. ENQA Workshop Report 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is a product of two ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminars, held in 2007, on current trends in European Quality Assurance. The first seminar, hosted by the Bulgarian National Evaluation and Accreditation Agency (NEAA), examined the situation in South-Eastern Europe. The second seminar…

Bozo, Dhurata; Damian, Radu; Gonzalez, Cecilia de la Rosa; Helle, Emmi; Imoda, Franco; Kohler, Alexander; Papazoglou, Vassilios J.; Dalmau, Gemma Rauret; Shopov, Todor

2009-01-01

217

Quality assurance program description for shipping packages of radioactive material  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance plan describes the quality assurance program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), for shipping packages of radioactive material. The purpose of this report is to describe how PNL will comply with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 71, Appendix E. In compliance with the instructions from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the 18 criteria from Appendix E are covered.

Not Available

1978-06-30

218

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic

Frazier

1994-01-01

219

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared to cover the environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring Program (OEMP). This plan applied to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford in implementing the OEMP at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by US Department of

1992-01-01

220

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and operational environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring program. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company in implementing the Operational Environmental Monitoring program at the Hanford Site.

Perkins

1994-01-01

221

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan. Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared to cover the environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring Program (OEMP). This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford in implementing the OEMP at the Hanford site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by US Department of

1993-01-01

222

A Practical Model Integrating Quality Assurance Into Environmental Monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of cemprehensive environmental monitoring process with integral quality assurance is presented. This model views the monitoring process as iterative cycles of a series of elements: design, plan, protocols, preparation, field liaison, sample collection, sample handling, laboratory analysis, data transmission, data validation, data approval, data provision, statistical analysis, and reporting. Quality assurance is linked to each element, not just

Malcolm J. R. Clark; Paul H. Whitfield

1993-01-01

223

Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes how the Environmental, Safety, Health, and Quality Assurance Division verifies that radioactive airborne emission measurement activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford

Vance

1991-01-01

224

Quality assurance in surgical oncology. Colorectal cancer as an example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance in surgical oncology is a field of growing importance. National, regional and local systems have been built up in many countries. Often the quality assurance projects are linked to different registers. The advantage of such a link is the possibility of obtaining population-based data from unselected health care institutions. Few discussions of results from such projects have been

Ulf Gunnarsson

2003-01-01

225

Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

Vance

1993-01-01

226

Operational Environmental Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared to cover the environmental monitoring performed by Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford) as it implements the Operational Environmental Monitoring Program (OEMP). This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Westinghouse Hanford in implementing the OEMP at the Hanford site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by US Department of

1993-01-01

227

Democratisation and Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article interprets a particular set of debates on whether quality assurance in South African higher education widens democracy or not. The interpretation explores the extent to which higher education quality assurance fulfils three conditions posited for democracy (inclusion, participation and enhancement), drawing in as points of reference…

Symes, Ashley

2006-01-01

228

Toward a Quality Assurance Approach to E-Learning Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Finding ways to assure the quality of e-learning is an important endeavor. This article identifies eight quality assurance strategies in use at the University of Houston-Clear Lake. The eight strategies are reviews of instructional design, web development, editing, usability and accessibility, maintainability, copyright, infrastructure impact,…

Kidney, Gary; Cummings, Leslie; Boehm, Azalea

2007-01-01

229

Chiropractic quality assurance: standards and guidelines  

PubMed Central

Chiropractic quality assurance involves development of both clinical guidelines and standards. Confusion generated by poor differentiation of guidelines from standards contributes to mistrust of the guideline development process. Guidelines are considered to be recommendations that allow for flexibility and individual patient differences. Standards are more binding and require a high level of supporting evidence. While guidelines serve as educational tools to improve the quality of practice, standards that outline minimum competency are used more as administrative tools on which to base policy. Barriers to development of clinical guidelines and standards include fear that they will create prescriptive “cookbook” practice, and the distrust that guidelines are developed primarily for cost containment. Clinicians also criticize guidelines developed by academics that don't relate to practice, and those based on evidence that lacks clinical relevance. Conflicting guidelines perceived to be based on strong bias or conflict of interest are also suspect. To reduce barriers to acceptance and implementation, guidelines should be inclusive, patient-centered, and based on a variety of evidence and clinical experience.

Gatterman, Meridel I; Dobson, Thomas P; LeFevbre, Ron

2001-01-01

230

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL IN THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF GROUND-WATER MODELS  

EPA Science Inventory

This report provides background information on quality assurance and defines the role of quality assurance and quality control in grounder modeling. unctional and practical quality-assurance methodology is presented which is written from the perspective of the model user and the ...

231

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

232

Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area: The Emergence of a German Market for Quality Assurance Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most European countries have introduced systematic quality assurance as part of an overall governance reform aimed at enhancing universities' autonomy. Researchers and economic entrepreneurs tend, however, to underestimate the political dimension of accreditation and evaluation when they consider the contribution of quality assurance to the…

Serrano-Velarde, Kathia E.

2008-01-01

233

Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Fabrication of Heat Exchanger Tubes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Object of this report is the manufacture of heat exchanger tubes. A comprehensive manufacturing and test program has to be established to assure and prove and equal tube quality. This requires a functionally operating quality assurance system combined wit...

A. Duennewald

1980-01-01

234

Love Canal Monitoring Program. GCA QA/QC (Quality Assurance/Quality Control) Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of the most important responsibilities of the Love Canal prime contractor was the institution and maintenance of a quality assurance program. An important objective of the quality assurance program was to alert the subcontractors to the importance of ...

1982-01-01

235

The Award of the PhD Degree in Kenyan Universities: A Quality Assurance Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article attempts to bring to the fore the need for enhanced quality assurance processes in the award of PhDs by Kenyan universities. The findings reveal that quality challenges exist in the institutional processes established for the award of this advanced degree across the universities in the country. It is hoped that the findings will stir…

Ayiro, Laban P.; Sang, James K.

2011-01-01

236

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

237

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

238

A quality assurance process in health sciences libraries.  

PubMed Central

A goal of libraries is to assure the improvement of library services. Many organizations have attempted to use standards as a method to assure quality services, but often standards have failed through a lack of individual commitment to those standards and to the methodology used in establishing the standards. Many segments of the health care field have adopted the concept of quality assurance and are applying it to the service and care they provide. This process has the potential to raise or assure quality of service in health sciences libraries. The process involves: selecting a subject for review; developing measurable criteria; ratifying the criteria; evaluating existing services using the criteria; identifying problems; analyzing problems; developing solutions; implementing solutions; and reevaluating services. Two pilot quality assurance studies conducted in the Midwest Health Science Library Network during 1978 are described. Plans are under way to use this process on a regional basis.

Self, P C; Gebhart, K A

1980-01-01

239

The NCI Thesaurus quality assurance life cycle.  

PubMed

The National Cancer Institute Enterprise Vocabulary Services (NCI EVS) uses a wide range of quality assurance (QA) techniques to maintain and extend NCI Thesaurus (NCIt). NCIt is a reference terminology and biomedical ontology used in a growing number of NCI and other systems that extend from translational and basic research through clinical care to public information and administrative activities. Both automated and manual QA techniques are employed throughout the editing and publication cycle, which includes inserting and editing NCIt in NCI Metathesaurus. NCI EVS conducts its own additional periodic and ongoing content QA. External reviews, and extensive evaluation by and interaction with EVS partners and other users, have also played an important part in the QA process. There have always been tensions and compromises between meeting the needs of dependent systems and providing consistent and well-structured content; external QA and feedback have been important in identifying and addressing such issues. Currently, NCI EVS is exploring new approaches to broaden external participation in the terminology development and QA process. PMID:19475726

de Coronado, Sherri; Wright, Lawrence W; Fragoso, Gilberto; Haber, Margaret W; Hahn-Dantona, Elizabeth A; Hartel, Francis W; Quan, Sharon L; Safran, Tracy; Thomas, Nicole; Whiteman, Lori

2009-06-01

240

Improved quality assurance testing of respirator filters  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project was to evaluate alternative materials, devices, and procedures that could improve performance test methods for high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters and media and could lead to a new generation of quality assurance (QA) test equipment. Shortcomings of the current QA test equipment and procedures include the use of di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), a suspect carcinogen, and ambiguities in particle sizing and penetration measurement. Evaluation of a prototype replacement penetrometer system built for the US Army by A. D. Little, Inc., revealed serious deficiencies in aerosol generation and particle sizing. Studies of chemical degradation in circumstances approximating use conditions and of particle size stability in high-humidity conditions suggested that tetraethylene glycol and oleic acid might be appropriate DEHP substitutes in a new generation of flash vaporization generators of QA test aerosols. The successful completion of this project provided a solid foundation for proceeding in the assembly and testing of improved penetrometers for QA testing of HEPA respirator filters. 109 refs., 20 figs., 13 tabs.

Soderholm, S.C.; Strandberg, S.W.; Ortiz, L.W.; Nielsen, S.D.; Tillery, M.I.; Gerber, B.V.; Ettinger, H.J.

1985-05-01

241

Quality assurance for IAEA inspection planning  

SciTech Connect

Under the provisions of the Treaty on Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons and other agreements with states, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) conducts inspections at nuclear facilities to confirm that their operation is consistent with the peaceful use of nuclear material. The Department of Safeguards at the IAEA is considering a quality assurance program for activities related to the planning of these facility inspections. In this report, we summarize recent work in writing standards for planning inspections at the types of facilities inspected by the IAEA. The standards specify the sequence of steps in planning inspections, which are: (1) administrative functions, such as arrangements for visas and travel, and communications with the state to confirm facility operating schedules and the state's acceptance of the assigned inspectors; (2) technical functions including a specification of the required inspection activities, determination of personnel and equipment resources, and a schedule for implementing the inspection activities at the facility; and (3) management functions, such as pre- and post-inspection briefings, where the planned and implemented inspection activities are reviewed.

Markin, J.T.

1986-01-01

242

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

243

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of confidential and privileged quality assurance records or documents...confidential and privileged quality assurance records and documents...be held longer if needed for research studies or quality assurance or legal...

2009-07-01

244

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of confidential and privileged quality assurance records or documents...confidential and privileged quality assurance records and documents...be held longer if needed for research studies or quality assurance or legal...

2010-07-01

245

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408 Single-agency...

2012-10-01

246

48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408 Single-agency...

2012-10-01

247

48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection and Receiving Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments between...

2011-10-01

248

15 CFR 996.31 - Termination of the Quality Assurance Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Termination of the Quality Assurance Program. 996.31 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...

2013-01-01

249

48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors...ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection and Receiving Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments between...

2012-10-01

250

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Quality Assurance Project Plan...ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Ballast Water Management Systems § 162.060-36 Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP...process must contain a rigorous Quality Assurance and...

2012-10-01

251

48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government contract quality assurance at source. Agencies shall perform contract quality assurance, including inspection, at source ifâ (a) Performance at any other place would...

2010-10-01

252

48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government contract quality assurance at source. Agencies shall perform contract quality assurance, including inspection, at source ifâ (a) Performance at any other place would...

2009-10-01

253

42 CFR 417.106 - Quality assurance program; Availability, accessibility, and continuity of basic and supplemental...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Maintenance Organizations: Services § 417.106 Quality assurance program...supplemental health services. (a) Quality assurance program...must have an ongoing quality assurance program for its health services that meets the...

2009-10-01

254

42 CFR 417.106 - Quality assurance program; Availability, accessibility, and continuity of basic and supplemental...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Maintenance Organizations: Services § 417.106 Quality assurance program...supplemental health services. (a) Quality assurance program...must have an ongoing quality assurance program for its health services that meets the...

2010-10-01

255

Quality assurance in post-secondary education : Some common approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this paper, although not meant to be exhaustive, is to review

Dennis Chung Sea Law

2010-01-01

256

200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility Quality Assurance Project Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The project plan provides for the quality assurance of the 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility consistent with the Washington State Department of Ecology discharge monitoring permit. DQOs (data quality objective) support permit standards for data quality and quantity. Reference is made to groundwater monitoring, laboratory analyses, and data validation that are performed under related quality programs.

Jungfleisch

1995-01-01

257

Delivery quality assurance with ArcCHECK.  

PubMed

Radiation therapy requires delivery quality assurance (DQA) to ensure that treatment is accurate and closely follows the plan. We report our experience with the ArcCHECK phantom and investigate its potential optimization for the DQA process. One-hundred seventy DQA plans from 84 patients were studied. Plans were classified into 2 groups: those with the target situated on the diodes of the ArcCHECK (D plans) and those with the target situated at the center (C plans). Gamma pass rates for 8 target sites were examined. The parameters used to analyze the data included 3%/3 mm with the Van Dyk percent difference criteria (VD) on, 3%/3 mm with the VD off, 2%/2 mm with the VD on, and x/3 mm with the VD on and the percentage dosimetric agreement "x" for diode plans adjusted. D plans typically displayed maximum planned dose (MPD) on the cylindrical surface containing ArcCHECK diodes than center plans, resulting in inflated gamma pass rates. When this was taken into account by adjusting the percentage dosimetric agreement, C plans outperformed D plans by an average of 3.5%. ArcCHECK can streamline the DQA process, consuming less time and resources than radiographic films. It is unnecessary to generate 2 DQA plans for each patient; a single center plan will suffice. Six of 8 target sites consistently displayed pass rates well within our acceptance criteria; the lesser performance of head and neck and spinal sites can be attributed to marginally lower doses and increased high gradient of plans. PMID:22917964

Neilson, Christopher; Klein, Michael; Barnett, Rob; Yartsev, Slav

2012-08-21

258

Application Guidelines for Quality Assurance Procedures for Hybrid Microcircuits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this effort was to generate a complete package of documentation to define Quality Assurance Procedures for Hybrid Microcircuits. Implementation of these documents should result in reliable, cost effective hybrids for use in government equ...

G. H. Ebel H. A. Engelke D. J. Glick J. A. Jeffery B. D. Ossenkopp

1983-01-01

259

Power Supplies for Space Systems Quality Assurance by Sandia Laboratories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sandia Laboratories' participation in Quality Assurance programs for Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators which have been used in space systems over the past 10 years is summarized. Basic elements of this QA program are briefly described and recogn...

R. L. Hannigan R. R. Harnar

1976-01-01

260

Management of Government Quality Assurance Functions for NASA Contracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minim...

1993-01-01

261

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

262

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

2000-01-01

263

Quality Assurance Program in a University Teaching Hospital.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The establishment of a quality assurance program at University Hospital, the primary teaching facility at the University of Arkansas Medical Center, Little Rock, is described. During a 5-month planning effort funded by the Arkansas Regional Medical Progra...

1974-01-01

264

Quality Assurance Monitoring in the Comprehensive Services Delivery System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Findings of a survey of clients and professional staffs are documented concerning the quality assurance monitoring system study of the Department of Health and Rehabilitation Services (DHRS) facilities in Palm Beach County, Florida. The study was designed...

1974-01-01

265

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

266

Overall quality assurance program requirements for nuclear power plants.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This standard contains the requirements for the owner's overall quality assurance program for a nuclear power plant. This program encompasses all phases of a nuclear power plant life cycle, including site evaluation, design, procurement, manufacturing, co...

1992-01-01

267

QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT - 1990-1993 EMAP VIRGINIAN PROVINCE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report documents the results of Quality Assurance activities conducted in conjunction with sampling performed by EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's Estuaries study (EMAP-Estuaries) in the Virginian Province from 1990 through 1993. s part of the planning ...

268

Simultaneous Analysis and Quality Assurance for Diffusion Tensor Imaging  

PubMed Central

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) enables non-invasive, cyto-architectural mapping of in vivo tissue microarchitecture through voxel-wise mathematical modeling of multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisitions, each differently sensitized to water diffusion. DTI computations are fundamentally estimation processes and are sensitive to noise and artifacts. Despite widespread adoption in the neuroimaging community, maintaining consistent DTI data quality remains challenging given the propensity for patient motion, artifacts associated with fast imaging techniques, and the possibility of hardware changes/failures. Furthermore, the quantity of data acquired per voxel, the non-linear estimation process, and numerous potential use cases complicate traditional visual data inspection approaches. Currently, quality inspection of DTI data has relied on visual inspection and individual processing in DTI analysis software programs (e.g. DTIPrep, DTI-studio). However, recent advances in applied statistical methods have yielded several different metrics to assess noise level, artifact propensity, quality of tensor fit, variance of estimated measures, and bias in estimated measures. To date, these metrics have been largely studied in isolation. Herein, we select complementary metrics for integration into an automatic DTI analysis and quality assurance pipeline. The pipeline completes in 24 hours, stores statistical outputs, and produces a graphical summary quality analysis (QA) report. We assess the utility of this streamlined approach for empirical quality assessment on 608 DTI datasets from pediatric neuroimaging studies. The efficiency and accuracy of quality analysis using the proposed pipeline is compared with quality analysis based on visual inspection. The unified pipeline is found to save a statistically significant amount of time (over 70%) while improving the consistency of QA between a DTI expert and a pool of research associates. Projection of QA metrics to a low dimensional manifold reveal qualitative, but clear, QA-study associations and suggest that automated outlier/anomaly detection would be feasible.

Lauzon, Carolyn B.; Asman, Andrew J.; Esparza, Michael L.; Burns, Scott S.; Fan, Qiuyun; Gao, Yurui; Anderson, Adam W.; Davis, Nicole; Cutting, Laurie E.; Landman, Bennett A.

2013-01-01

269

Quality assurance in food microbiology--a novel approach.  

PubMed

The introduction of quality systems as a requirement of laboratory accreditation is causing microbiologists to review current practices. The need for Quality Assurance (QA) in food microbiology is of growing importance and this paper presents a novel approach to implementing QA based on a system which is analogous to the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point approach adopted by the food industry. The basis of the QA system is the recognition of Quality Assessment Points (QAPs). Several Quality Control and monitoring practices are suggested for each of the QAPs with the overall aim of developing a Total Quality Assurance system for food microbiology laboratories. PMID:9923618

Bolton, F J

1998-11-24

270

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage,

1999-01-01

271

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-03-12

272

Near-facility environmental monitoring quality assurance project plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near facility environmental monitoring performed by Waste Management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations and supersedes WHC-EP-0538-2. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by waste management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations in implementing facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site.

McKinney, S.M.

1997-11-24

273

DOE standard: Quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters  

SciTech Connect

This standard establishes essential elements for the quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters by US Department of Energy (DOE)-accepted Filter Test Facilities (FTF). The standard specifies HEPA filter quality assurance inspection and testing practices established in DOE-STD-3022-98, DOE HEPA Filter Test Program, and provides a basis for the preparation of written operating procedures for primary FTF functions.

NONE

1999-02-01

274

Software quality assurance plan for PORFLOW-3D  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan describes the steps taken by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Subsurface and Environmental Modeling Unit personnel to implement software quality assurance procedures for the PORFLOW-3D computer code. PORFLOW-3D was used to conduct radiological performance assessments at the Savannah River Site. software quality assurance procedures for PORFLOW-3D include software acquisition, installation, testing, operation, maintenance, and retirement. Configuration control and

Maheras

1993-01-01

275

Quality Assurance Plan, N springs expedited response action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) to be followed during the definitive design, construction, and operational phases for activities associated with the N Springs Expedited Response Action (ERA) for the 100-NR-2 Operable Unit (OU). Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) will comply with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance (DOE 1989), and the US Environmental Protection

1994-01-01

276

Should physicians perform their own quality assurance audits?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance is required of all hospital outpatient clinics although there is little evidence documenting its value.\\u000a The purposes of this study were to assess the impact of quality assurance audits on physicians’ ordering behavior and to learn\\u000a whether doctors who actually performed audits behaved differently from physicians who passively received audit results. Baseline\\u000a influenza vaccination and screening mammography ordering

William J. Brady; Deborah C. Hissa; Mark McConnell; Robert G. Wones

1988-01-01

277

Interim recommendations for a digital mammography quality assurance program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001 the ACPSEM published a position paper on quality assurance in screen film mammography which was subsequently adopted\\u000a as a basis for the quality assurance programs of both the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR)\\u000a and of BreastScreen Australia. Since then the clinical implementation of digital mammography has been realised and it has\\u000a become evident that

I. D. McLean; J. C. P. Heggie; J. Herley; F. J. Thomson; R. K. Grewal

2007-01-01

278

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site environmental monitoring plan ((DOE\\/RL 91-49) (DOE-RL 1991)). This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford

Nickels

1992-01-01

279

Near-facility environmental monitoring quality assurance project plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near facility environmental monitoring performed by Waste Management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations and supersedes WHC-EP-0538-2. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by waste management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations in implementing facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford

1997-01-01

280

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

Fishler, B

2011-03-18

281

Assuring Quality in Large-Scale Online Course Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student demand for online education requires colleges and universities to rapidly expand the number of courses and programs offered online while maintaining high quality. This paper outlines two universities respective processes to assure quality in large-scale online programs that integrate instructional design, eBook custom publishing, Quality

Parscal, Tina; Riemer, Deborah

2010-01-01

282

Assuring Quality in Large-Scale Online Course Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student demand for online education requires colleges and universities to rapidly expand the number of courses and programs offered online while maintaining high quality. This paper outlines two universities respective processes to assure quality in large-scale online programs that integrate instructional design, eBook custom publishing, Quality

Parscal, Tina; Riemer, Deborah

2010-01-01

283

Quality assurance aspects of environmental (aerometric) data management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable attention has been directed towards techniques and procedures which facilitate the high quality of field-collected ambient environmental data. This study addresses the quality control methods used to assure data quality after the data have been recorded. The two major elements associated with the validation of much of Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA's) environmental data are: (1) initial computer flagging of

R. C. Beebe; A. S. McDaniel; D. W. Clement

1985-01-01

284

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. 440.260 Section 440...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. The plan must include...standards used to assure that services are of high...

2009-10-01

285

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. 440.260 Section 440...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. The plan must include...standards used to assure that services are of high...

2010-10-01

286

Quality assurance in Australian higher education: Globalisation and `steering at a distance'  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex and contested phenomenon of globalisation presents a fundamental challenge to higher education. Arguably, the development of quality assurance mechanisms during the 1990s and into the 2000s is one of the key globalising practices evident in many higher education sectors – in both developed and developing countries. However, there are still too few studies on the implications of globalisation

Lesley Vidovich

2002-01-01

287

Accreditation and Assuring Quality in Distance Learning. CHEA Monograph Series, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the scope and impact of distance learning on higher education and identifies the primary challenges that distance learning poses for accreditation. The responses of the accrediting community designed to assure quality in distance learning are outlined. Data from a variety of sources show that 5,655 institutions are accredited…

Council for Higher Education Accreditation, Washington, DC.

288

Quality assurance considerations in conducting the Ames Test  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides general and specific guidance for the development and implementation of a quality assurance program for Ames testing. An effective quality assurance program is needed to assure that data produced from short-term mutagenicity testing (e.g., the Ames test) are of known quality and comparable among laboratories conducting the testing. The success of such a program begins with a personal and organizational commitment to data quality. Next, standardized procedures for the conduct and control of the testing process should be adopted and rigidly followed. Finally, participation in an external quality assurance program is necessary for independent confirmation of testing performance and confirmation of interlaboratory data comparability. Comparability of test data is required if there is to be confidence in the results of testing activities and acceptance of the resulting interpretation of test findings. Detailed quality control procedures are outlined for the Ames test. These include procedures for confirming the genotype and responsiveness of tester strains, confirming the absence of bacterial contamination, providing appropriate positive and negative test controls, confirming the enzymatic activity of metabolic activators, and determining the adequacy of test data. The functions and responsibilities of an effective quality assurance program are outlined. Primary functions include development of standards based upon technically attainable criteria, assistance to participating laboratories in adopting those standards, and independent evaluation of the success of the laboratories in meeting those standards. 10 references, 1 figure, 2 tables.

Williams, L.R.

1985-06-01

289

MIND YOUR PDQs: Quality Assurance for OPUS Pipeline Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

OPUS (OSS-PODPS Unified System) at STScI manages the HST data processing pipeline which formats the data into usable products and calibrates the science data. Data quality assessment is performed for all science data and stored in keywords written to the Procedural Data Quality (PDQ) files. The PDQ keyword QUALITY and QUALCOM lines are displayed through STARVIEW. The majority of observations (>85%) are now automatically assessed for procedural data quality without human intervention. OPUS Astronomers assess the quality of all target acquisitions, onboard and interactive, and investigate observations that have been flagged due to anomalies such as guide star failures, shortened exposures, etc. If a problem occurs that may have degraded the utility of an observation, OPUS Astronomers report the nature of the problem via an HST Observation Exception report to the PI and STScI staff for further investigation. Examples of OPUS products will presented. Maintaining the level of quality assurance for such a large and growing flood of data represents a unique challenge. The new OPUS pipeline includes many processing steps which are distributed across several workstations. It has been designed to diminish bottlenecks and to increase the processing flexibility for new instrument data. The pipeline processing load has increased 10 fold since launch (April 1990) while OPUS has maintained a 48 hour or less (3 sigma) delivery to the HST Archive. The majority of the data has completed pipeline processing within 2 to 3 hours upon receipt in OPUS. A brief description of managing the pipeline will be discussed, highlighting the instruments currently onboard HST.

Steinberg, D. J.; Hart, H. M.; Scott, J.; Parsons, S.; Ellis, T.; Fraquelli, D.; Hamilton, F.; Kenny, D.; Kochte, M.; Giovane, E.; Rawley, L.

1998-05-01

290

Renewing Quality Assurance at a Time of Turbulence: An Attempt to Reenergise Quality in Australian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The renewal of quality assurance in Australian higher education comes at a time when the higher education sectors in Australia and around the world are experiencing a number of key challenges. These include: ongoing decline in public funding of universities; the massification of higher education and demand for it during global recession;…

Shah, Mahsood; Nair, Chenicheri Sid

2011-01-01

291

Overview of quality assurance for medical devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical devices can have very stringent performance requirements. The life of a critically ill patient can be determined by the quality of the monitoring and therapeutic devices being used in his or her treatment. But how is quality guaranteed? What are the characteristics of a medical device that determine its quality? The author discusses the methods used for designing quality

H. Troy Nagle

1992-01-01

292

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 31: Quality-Assurance Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

293

Software quality assurance (SQA) for Savannah River reactors  

SciTech Connect

Over the last 25 years, the Savannah River Site (SRS) has developed a strong Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program. It provides the information and management controls required of a high quality auditable system. The SRS SQA program provides the framework to meet the requirements in increasing regulation.

Schaumann, C.M.

1990-01-01

294

Provision and quality assurance of preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is now well established and provided in many European countries. However, regulations, professional standards and accreditation requirements can differ notably. Furthermore, no comprehensive independent data exist either about practice and provision in Europe or about the quality assurance practices and procedures designed to optimize the quality of the results. Consequently, a study was launched to obtain

Anniek Corveleyn; Michael A Morris; Elisabeth Dequeker; Karen Sermon; James Lawford Davies; Guillermo Antiñolo; Andreas Schmutzler; Jiri Vanecek; Nick Nagels; Eleni Zika; Francesc Palau; Dolores Ibarreta

2008-01-01

295

Quality Assurance of RNA Expression Profiling in Clinical Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

RNA expression profiles are increasingly used to diagnose and classify disease, based on expression patterns of as many as several thousand RNAs. To assure quality of expression profiling services in clinical settings, a standard operating procedure incorporates multiple quality indicators and controls, beginning with preanalytic specimen preparation and proceeding through analysis, interpretation, and reporting. Before testing, histopathologic examination of each

Weihua Tang; Zhiyuan Hu; Hind Muallem; Margaret L. Gulley

296

Quality Assurance in Dietetic Services Workshop for the Dietetic Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop guide is a unit of study for teaching dietetic assistants to work with quality control in a nursing home or hospital. The objective of the unit is to enable the students to develop and expand a dietetic services administrative and clinical quality assurance program in his or her own institution. Following the unit objective, the unit…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

297

Quality Assurance in Online Education: The Universitas 21 Global Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the proliferation of online education, concerns remain about the quality of online programmes. Quality assurance (QA) has become a prominent issue, not only for educational institutions and accreditors, but also for students and employers alike. This paper describes some of the rather unique QA processes used at Universitas 21 Global…

Chua, Alton; Lam, Wing

2007-01-01

298

UMTRA technical assistance contractor Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAC Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are

1993-01-01

299

Quality Assurance in Teacher Education : A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new framework for quality assurance in teacher education emerges, internal and external constituencies with an interest in teacher education quality are making burdensome demands on the sector. The constituencies include OFSTED, Government agencies concerned with accreditation and funding, the HE institutions, the teaching profession and student teachers. The result is a series of potentially conflicting pressures and a

David Blake

1994-01-01

300

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN: 1991 EMAP WETLANDS SOUTHEASTERN PILOT STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality Assurance (QA) methodology, as set forth in this plan is used to insure the QA objectives of the study are met. ll participants must be impressed from the beginning with importance of maintaining a commitment to quality throughout the project. raining field personnel is a...

301

The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has monitored groundwater on the Hanford Site since the 1940s to help determine what chemical and radiological contaminants have made their way into the groundwater. As regulatory requirements for monitoring increased in the 1980s, there began to be some overlap between various programs. DOE established the Groundwater Performance Assessment Project (groundwater project) in 1996 to ensure protection of the public and the environment while improving the efficiency of monitoring activities. The groundwater project is designed to support all groundwater monitoring needs at the site, eliminate redundant sampling and analysis, and establish a cost-effective hierarchy for groundwater monitoring activities. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project. This QA Plan is based on the QA requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--General Provisions/Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the groundwater project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The groundwater project has determined that the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Luttrell, Stuart P.

2006-05-11

302

Quality Assurance and Data Quality Monitoring for the ALICE Silicon Drift Detectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the Quality Assurance (QA) and Data Quality Monitoring (DQM) of the ALICE Silicon Drift Detectors will be discussed. The Quality Assurance functionality has been implemented as part of AliRoot, the ALICE software framework, so as to use the same code in offline and online mode. The QA system manages the three sub-detectors of the Inner Tracking System

Melinda Siciliano

2010-01-01

303

Quality assurance program plan for 324 Building B-Cell safety cleanout project (BCCP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the 324 Building B-Cell Safety Cleanout Project (BCCP). This QAPP is responsive to the Westinghouse Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program and Implementation Plan, WHC-SP-1131, for 10 CFR 830.120, Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements; and DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance. This QAPP supersedes

Tanke

1997-01-01

304

A Method for Evaluating Quality Assurance Needs in Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed.

Huq, M. Saiful [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)], E-mail: huqs@upmc.edu; Fraass, Benedick A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Dunscombe, Peter B. [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Center, Calgary, AB (Canada); Gibbons, John P. [Department of Medical Physics, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Medin, Paul M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE (United States); Mundt, Arno [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States); Mutic, Sassa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St. Louis, MO (United States); Palta, Jatinder R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States); Yorke, Ellen D. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2008-05-01

305

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS...WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER...for Quality Systems for Environmental Data Collection and Environmental Technology...

2013-07-01

306

Production, quality and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs).  

PubMed

This contribution describes characterization, classification, production, application and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs) that are increasingly used in a wide range of co-incineration plants. It is shown in this paper, that the fuel-parameter, i.e. net calorific value [MJ/kg(OS)], particle size d(90) or d(95) [mm], impurities [w%], chlorine content [w%], sulfur content [w%], fluorine content [w%], ash content [w%], moisture [w%] and heavy metals content [mg/kg(DM)], can be preferentially used for the classification of different types of RDF applied for co-incineration and substitution of fossil-fuel in different industial sectors. Describing the external production of RDF by processing and confectioning of wastes as well as internal processing of waste at the incineration plant, a case study is reported on the application of RDF made out of different household waste fractions in a 120,000t/yr Waste to Energy (WtE) circulating fluidized bed (CFB) incinerator. For that purpose, delivered wastes, as well as incinerator feedstock material (i.e. after internal waste processing) are extensively investigated. Starting with elaboration of sampling plan in accordance with the relevant guidelines and standards, waste from different suppliers was sampled. Moreover, manual sorting analyses and chemical analyses were carried out. Finally, results of investigations are presented and discussed in the paper. PMID:23746983

Sarc, R; Lorber, K E

2013-06-05

307

Quality Assurance in Publication Processes of Environmental Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a researcher the publication of his work is a very important part for building up his reputation. At the moment this is mainly done by producing written publications, but the publication of raw data will become more important in the coming years. Actually there are some problems especially how to ensure the quality of this data. Besides a thorough review of the metadata the primary data itself has to be quality assured as well. In the project "Publikation Umweltdaten" (Publication of Environmental Data) standard procedures for publishing raw data and the homogenization of metadata are developed. A focus is set on quality assurance procedures for the metadata and the data itself. For this purpose the web-based workflow software "Atarrabi" has been developed, which supports the publication agent at the data centre as well as the author to review the metadata. It also documents the quality assurance procedures. For the latter the project provides an R package, named "qat", to help the scientist to perform and document quality checks on the primary data. Both, Atarrabi and qat, have been made publicly available. This contribution will give an insight into the work of the project and its implications for the future of data publication. It will present the developed software solutions and procedures and shows, which opportunities lay in quality assured publication of environmental data.

Düsterhus, A.; Quadt, F.; Höck, H.; Stockhause, M.; Toussaint, F.; Dames, M.; Lautenschlager, M.; Hense, A. V.; Hense, A. N.

2012-04-01

308

Quality assurance mechanisms for the unregulated research environment.  

PubMed

Discussions on research quality and reproducibility are appearing in the pages of scientific journals with heightened significance and gaining media attention. Many institutions have developed guidelines to address the topic of quality in basic research, but questions remain about how best to implement and monitor compliance. Herein we present quality assurance (QA) mechanisms developed specifically for the unregulated discovery research environment to preempt growing concerns arising in both academia and industry for data-driven applications of biotechnology. PMID:24054820

Riedl, Denise Hanway; Dunn, Michael K

2013-10-01

309

Quality assurance management plan (QAPP) special analytical support (SAS)  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data.

LOCKREM, L.L.

1999-05-20

310

Plutonium stabilization and handling quality assurance program plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) identifies project quality assurance requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of Hanford Site activities for design, procurement, construction, testing and inspection for Project W-460, Plutonium Stabilization and Handling. The project encompasses procurement and installation of a Stabilization and Packaging System (SPS) to oxidize and package for long term storage remaining plutonium-bearing special nuclear materials currently in inventory at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP), and modification of vault equipment to allow storage of resulting packages of stabilized SNM.

Weiss, E.V.

1998-04-22

311

ERD UMTRA Project quality assurance program plan, Revision 7  

SciTech Connect

This document is the revised Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) dated September, 1995 for the Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). Quality Assurance requirements for the ERD UMTRA Project are based on the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C or applicable sections of 10 CFR 830.120. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the ERD UMTRA Project and its contractors.

NONE

1995-09-01

312

Quality assurance in the Antares laser fusion construction project  

SciTech Connect

The Antares CO/sub 2/ laser facility came on line in November 1983 as an experimental physics facility; it is the world's largest CO/sub 2/ laser fusion system. Antares is a major component of the Department of Energy's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. Antares is a one-of-a-kind laser system that is used in an experimental environment. Given limited project funds and tight schedules, the quality assurance program was tailored to achieve project goals without imposing oppressive constraints. The discussion will review the Antares quality assurance program and the utility of various portions to completion of the project.

Reichelt, W.H.

1984-01-01

313

Quality assurance in the Antares Laser Fusion Construction Project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Antares CO2 laser facility came on line in November 1983 as an experimental physics facility; it is the world's largest CO2 laser fusion system. Antares is a major component of the Department of Energy's Inertial Confinement Fusion Program. Antares is a one-of-a kind laser system that is used in an experimental environment. Given limited project funds and tight schedules, the quality assurance program was tailored to achieve project goals without imposing oppressive constraints. The discussion will review the Antares quality assurance program and the utility of various portions to completion of the project.

Reichelt, W. H.

314

Quality Assurance in Ontario's Postsecondary Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is generally accepted that Canadian postsecondary education enjoys an international reputation for quality. However, Canada does not have an accepted, national framework to understand, measure, or clearly define the actual quality of the postsecondary education sector. In this, Canada is seen as unique when compared with other developed…

Klassen, Tim

2012-01-01

315

Quality assurance and effectiveness of audit systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality audits are prominent and proven management tools for assessing compliance and effectiveness of quality systems. They are commonly used in the effort to improve overall business performance. However, similarly to any other physical or conceptual system, they may fail to achieve objectives set forth, raising concerns among auditees and clients alike. Argues for the provision of adequate confidence to

Stanislav Karapetrovic; Walter Willborn

2000-01-01

316

Quality assurance program plan for the Site Physical and Electrical Calibration Services Lab. Revision 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is organized to address WHC`s implementation of quality assurance requirements as they are presented as interpretive guidance endorsed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Field Office, Richland DOE Order 5700.6C Quality Assurance. The quality assurance requirements presented in this plan will assure Measuring and Test Equipment (M and TE) are in conformance with prescribed

1995-01-01

317

Challenging assumptions about quality  

PubMed Central

Compiled by Tom Smith Assumptions about the nature of quality also translate to measures used to gauge it. A BMJ paper suggests that NHS performance tables are based on assumptions that organisations will be better than one another and that patients are "consumers" who want to rank providers and choose the best; they are not geared to improving practice but to informing consumer choice. Quality can be seen in many ways. The following papers published between December 2001 and February 2002 reveal some tensions between values underlying perspectives on quality and illustrate some of the difficulties in harnessing diverse perspectives on quality into a coherent critique.

Smith, T

2002-01-01

318

Quality assurance tendering and awarding contracts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Standards relating to quality control can be significantly useful when tendering for and awarding contracts. However, because it is sometimes difficult to express these standards in palpable economic terms, they can (practically) never be applied as criteria for awarding contracts in accordance with U.A.R. (Uniform General Standards) 1986. Therefore it would be advisable in the future to regard the availability of a (certified) system of quality control as being a standard requirement. To this end, a paragraph setting requirements for a quality control plan should be included in the specification. A quality control plan will be required on awarding a contract. This envisaged scenario can best achieved through a transitional phase. During this period there will be opportunity enough for removing any shortcomings in the wording and for considering standards to be required and assessment procedures.

1994-12-01

319

Quality Assurance: Performance, Sealers, and Materials Variation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 4 papers in this report deal with the following areas: optimum performance under a statistical specification; acceptance sampling of neoprene joint sealers; variations in quality of treated materials arising during construction; and demonstration proj...

R. M. Weed D. A. Law G. L. Anania E. Otte S. N. Runkle

1979-01-01

320

Quality assurance and quality control for the Confinement Physics Research Facility (CPRF) and ZTH experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In compliance with DOE (US Department of Energy) order 5700.6B, which establishes policies to assure quality achievement in DOE programs, Los Alamos National Laboratory instituted a quality assurance and control (QA) program whose primary goal is to assure that reliable components are available with which to assemble the Confinement Physics Research Facility (CPRF)\\/ZTH experiment. The Code of Federal Regulations 10

R. W. Jr

1989-01-01

321

Waste Management Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Management Project Office (WMPO) is the organization to which the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations (DOE/NV), has assigned the responsibility of administering and coordinating the activities of the various Participating Organizations and of Nevada Test Site (NTS) Support Contractors working on the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) Project. The WMPO Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), describes the policies and methods to be used by WMPO, by the DOE/NV matrix support, and by QASC personnel (also referred to as the WMPO staff) to conduct quality related activities in support of the NNWSI Project. This QAPP provides the quality assurance program plan to implement the NNWSI Project Quality Assurance (QA) Plan, NVO-196-17. It ensures that adequate quality assurance measures are applied and that records provide traceability for those activities of the NNWSI Project that are controlled directly by the WMPO staff. It is intended that the WMPO QAPP be used to supplement the NNWSI Project QAP for the control of such activities.

NONE

1984-12-10

322

[Quality assurance of inpatient care--exemplified by surgery].  

PubMed

Internal quality assurance is natural for hospital physicians. External quality control is undertaken in cooperation with medical societies and sponsors-partly on voluntary basis. Despite considerable efforts in optimizing treatment procedures by classification of injuries and tumor stages, algorithms and tightly scheduled practical medical training, further control mechanisms are demanded; the economic drive is evident. In parallel to the introduction of quality control for services with a case-based flat rate, an interstructural result quality is desired. Hospital certification procedures are no longer utopian. The physician's duty for continuing medical education, which is set down in the professional code, has to be proven. The development of guidelines by scientific societies may help but is in need of a corrective. The medical chambers may play a particular role in this connection. Even if mechanisms of quality assurance differ, it is in the patient's interest that there must be no difference between ambulant and hospital care. PMID:9221208

Ekkernkamp, A

1997-02-01

323

77 FR 67366 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Quality Assurance Requirements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...concerning quality assurance requirements. Public comments are...will have practical utility; whether our estimate...enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the...Quality Assurance Requirements, by any of the following...on your attached document. Fax:...

2012-11-09

324

HANDBOOK: QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations for hazardous waste incineration require trial burns by permit applicants. uality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) must accompany a trial burn plan with appropriate quality assurance/quality control procedures. uidance on the prepa...

325

Quality control and quality assurance in teacher training institutions: messages from Botswana  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general thesis of this paper is that external factors, such as affiliation to a university, can be used to improve teacher training programmes. The specific issues discussed deal with quality control and assurance. The University of Botswana (UB) is used as a case study. Concepts and terms used are defined, and the key role that quality control and assurance

A. G. Hopkin

1999-01-01

326

Motivating and sustaining commitment to quality assurance.  

PubMed

It is important to realize the dynamics of individual as well as group motivation when planning QA activities because measuring the quality of care should be important to all staff on the unit. The nursing manager, however, is a crucial individual to involve in QA activities in order to make unit QA activities a priority for the unit. By understanding the dynamics of motivation and change, the QA coordinator can successfully work with nursing managers and nursing staff to demonstrate the impact of QA activities on enhanced quality of care. PMID:2312659

Bevsek, S A; Walters, J A

1990-02-01

327

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES. Project Summary  

EPA Science Inventory

It is generally agreed that both quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) are essential to the proper installation and eventual performance of environmentally safe and secure waste containment systems. Even further, there are both manufacturing and construction aspects to...

328

Assuring Quality Control of Clinical Education in Multiple Clinical Affiliates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A plan was developed to assure equivalency of clinical education among the medical laboratory technician (MLT) programs affiliated with Sandhills Community College. The plan was designed by faculty to monitor the quality of clinical courses offered by the clinical affiliates. The major strategies were to develop competencies, slide/tape modules,…

Davis, Judith A.

329

Power supplies for space systems quality assurance by Sandia Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sandia Laboratories' participation in Quality Assurance programs for Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators which have been used in space systems over the past 10 years is summarized. Basic elements of this QA program are briefly described and recognition of assistance from other Sandia organizations is included. Descriptions of the various systems for which Sandia has had the QA responsibility are presented,

R. L. Hannigan; R. R. Harnar

1976-01-01

330

Quality assurance and gender discrimination in English universities: an investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper argues that university quality assurance (QA) promotes a masculinist culture leading to systemic discrimination against female academics. The analysis relates to the question of what it is about academic life that results in persistent gender inequality. Based on an ethnographically informed comparative study, textual\\/discourse analysis of 30 interviewee transcripts reveals disguised messages about QA. The interpretation argued

Jayne Smith

2008-01-01

331

Australian Indigenous Perspectives on Quality Assurance in Children's Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government has recently committed to the development of an integrated system of assuring national quality standards for Australian childcare and preschool services (Australian Government, 2008). This article addresses two fundamental issues relating to the development of an integrated system as it applies to Indigenous children's…

Hutchins, Teresa; Frances, Katie; Saggers, Sherry

2009-01-01

332

Data quality assurance: an analysis of patient non-response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Patient satisfaction is paramount to maintaining high clinical quality assurance. This study seeks to compare response rates, response bias, and the completeness of data between paper and electronic collection modes of a chiropractic patient satisfaction survey. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A convenience sample of 206 patients presenting to a chiropractic college clinic were surveyed concerning satisfaction with their chiropractic care.

Dustin C. Derby; Andrea Haan; Kurt Wood

2011-01-01

333

Quality assurance of PACS systems with laser film digitizers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive quality assurance (QA) program should be implemented for all teleradiology and picture archival and communications (PACS) systems. In this report we summarize our QA experience with a teleradiology system that includes a laser digitizer for x-ray film. A key component required for the evaluation of laser film scanners is an appropriate test pattern; digitizers should be evaluated with

Peter D. Esser; Ethan J. Halpern

1991-01-01

334

Patient dosimetry quality assurance program with a commerical diode system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to evaluate a commercial silicone diode dosimeter for a patient dosimetry quality assurance program. The diode dosimeter was calibrated against an ion chamber, and percentage depth dose, linearity, anisotrophy, virtual source position, and field size factor studies were performed. Correction factors for lack of full scatter medium in the diode entrance and exit dose measurements were acquired.

Plato C. Lee; Joanna M. Sawicka; Glenn P. Glasgow

1994-01-01

335

A Quality Assurance Model for Higher Education: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model for assuring quality in the development of course objectives and classroom and exit examinations is presented. The model was based on a pilot study with 131 faculty at the University of Central Florida. It was found that 91% of teaching faculty create 100% of the tests they use to evaluate student performance. The faculty seemed to use…

MacCuish, Donald A.

336

A quality assurance phantom for IMRT dose verification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates a quality assurance (QA) phantom specially designed to verify the accuracy of dose distributions and monitor units (MU) calculated by clinical treatment planning optimization systems and by the Monte Carlo method for intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The QA phantom is a PMMA cylinder of 30 cm diameter and 40 cm length with various bone and lung inserts. A

C.-M. Ma; S. B. Jiang; T. Pawlicki; Y. Chen; J. S. Li; J. Deng; A. L. Boyer

2003-01-01

337

A new multipurpose quality assurance phantom for clinical tomotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new multipurpose phantom for routine dosimetric and image quality assurance (QA) testing of a tomotherapy unit. The phantom is designed for verification of delivered dose from the intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) fan beams used to provide conformal dose distributions. The phantom is used to assess imaging characteristics and verify CT number calibration for the integrated megavoltage

J. Smilowitz; J. Balog; H. Keller; G. Olivera; L. A. DeWerd; T. R. Mackie

2000-01-01

338

Quality Assurance and Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Clinical Trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPeak oxygen uptake (VO2) measured during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is often used as an outcome measure in clinical trials. The purposes of this study are (a) to report the outcomes of a quality assurance (QA) procedure instituted in multisite clinical trials by a CPX data core laboratory and (b) to report a normative VO2 reference dataset for future use.

Clinton A. Brawner; Jonathan K. Ehrman; Heather Aldred; John R. Schairer; Steven J. Keteyian

2008-01-01

339

Quality Assurance at Sandia Laboratories. [Nuclear weapons materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The publication describes the Sandia Laboratories Quality Assurance (QA) program, its role with the Albuquerque Operations Office of the Department of Energy (DOE\\/ALO) in achieving the stringent safety and reliability goals which have been established for weapon material, and its expanding role in national security, energy, and other programs of national importance.

S. L. Love; F. W. Muller

1978-01-01

340

[Structured documentation in gastroscopy: a method for improved quality assurance?].  

PubMed

To further improve quality assurance of gastrointestinal endoscopy, a computer assisted documentation system for gastroscopic data was assessed. In this context, for the structured written recording system, parameters "expenditure of time" and "acceptance by doctors" was evaluated. Contrary to free, unstructured data recording, the structured system employing predefined terms was able to promote doctors' acceptance of endoscopic terminology standards. PMID:7801658

Jacob, U; Foerster, E C; Stettin, J; Schübbe, H; Domschke, W

1994-09-01

341

The functional analysis study: a first step in quality assurance.  

PubMed

This article describes a recent study of how social work staff in a large medical center spend their time--the tasks and activities performed regularly. The value of this kind of study, especially as a first step in the development of a comprehensive quality assurance program for a department of social work services, is discussed. PMID:1235870

Chernesky, R H; Lurie, A

342

WET DEPOSITION AND SNOWPACK MONITORING OPERATIONS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual (user's guide) describes the quality assurance plan and operations protocols for a comparative study of snow collection instruments being conducted on Mt. Evans. Instruments to be compared include the Aerochem Metrics Model 301 wet/dry deposition collector, the Belfort...

343

Quality-assurance planning for stationary-source field sampling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stationary source stack sampling procedures are used to determine the amount of emissions as required under the Resource Conservation Recovery Act, Appendices VIII and IX, and the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990, Title III. Sampling procedures are costly and require much planning and time to complete. Most effort on implementing quality assurance (QA) in the past has centered

M. D. Jackson; M. R. Midgett

1992-01-01

344

242-A Evaporator quality assurance plan. Revision 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is to provide requirements for activities pertaining to sampling, shipping, and analyses associated with candidate feed tank samples for the 242-A Evaporator project. The purpose of the 242-A Evaporator project is to reduce the volume of aqueous waste in the Double Shell Tank (DST) System and will result in considerable savings

Basra

1995-01-01

345

RELIABILITY MODELING USING BOTH SYSTEM TEST AND QUALITY ASSURANCE DATA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system with several components may undergo full system pass\\/fail testing as well as quality assurance testing at the single component level. The component tests are informative about system reliability, although they measure di!eren t things than the full system tests. We present a Bayesian framework for integrating the two types of test data for better reliability estimates. Our formulation

Christine M. Anderson-Cook; Todd Graves; Nicolas Hengartner; Richard Klamann; Andrew Koehler; Alyson Gabbard Wilson; Greg Anderson; George Lopez

346

Near Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by U.S. Department of Energy Order 5400.1 (DOE 1990) as a part of the Environmental Monitoring Plan (DOE-RL 1997) and is used to define: Environmental measurement and sampling locations used to monitor environmental contaminants near active and inactive facilities and waste storage and disposal sites; Procedures and equipment needed to perform the measurement and sampling; Frequency and analyses required for each measurement and sampling location; Minimum detection level and accuracy; Quality assurance components; and Investigation levels. Near-facility environmental monitoring for the Hanford Site is conducted in accordance with the requirements of U.S. Department of Energy Orders 5400.1 (DOE 1990), 5400.5 (DOE 1993), 5484.1 (DOE 1990), and 435.1 (DOE 1999), and DOE/EH-O173T (DOE 1991). It is Waste Management Technical Services' objective to manage and conduct near-facility environmental monitoring activities at the Hanford Site in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner that is in compliance with the letter and spirit of these regulations and other environmental regulations, statutes, and standards.

MCKINNEY, S.M.

2000-05-01

347

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard...of mattress sets. If any test performed for quality assurance...or if a manufacturer obtains test results or other evidence that...could negatively affect the test performance of the...

2013-01-01

348

Design and behavioral strategies for cost containment and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and behavioral strategies for cost containment and quality assurance in hospitals are related closely to similar issues in larger organizations. Using a taxonomy developed by Georgopoulos it is possible to develop a research outline examining design and behavioral strategies. The most important determinant of the shape and direction of these strategies in the VA medical care system appears

Beaufort B. Longest

1981-01-01

349

Experience in the Quality-Assurance Testing of HEPA Filters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DOE HEPA filter quality-assurance test program was initiated in 1960 to ensure the supply of adequate filters for environmental control applications in DOE operations. The program has played a significant role in the development and improvement of HEP...

C. A. Burchsted

1982-01-01

350

The Quality Assurance of Degree Education in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the Canadian constitution, responsibility for education is assigned to the provinces. In some provinces, universities are based in institution-specific statutes, in others, in system-wide legislation. Except for the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia, the provinces leave the quality assurance of academic activities to the…

Baker, Donald N.; Miosi, Terry

2010-01-01

351

Quality Assurance in Nigerian University Education and Credentialing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines quality assurance in Nigerian University education and credentialing. The research contends that university education in Nigeria which hitherto enjoyed tremendous global respectability and acceptability is fast loosing its high esteem in the face of labour market and members of community because the currently certified…

Omoregie, Norah

2008-01-01

352

Quality assured assessment processes: evaluating staff response to change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical education is not exempt from the increasing societal expectations of accountability and this is evidenced by an increasing number of litigation cases by students who are dissatisfied with their assessment. The time and monetary costs of student appeals makes it imperative that medical schools adopt robust quality assured assessment processes. The success of these processes depends on the ability

Bunmi S. Malau-Aduli; Craig Zimitat; Aduli E. O. Malau-Aduli

2011-01-01

353

Quality Assured Assessment Processes: Evaluating Staff Response to Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Medical education is not exempt from the increasing societal expectations of accountability and this is evidenced by an increasing number of litigation cases by students who are dissatisfied with their assessment. The time and monetary costs of student appeals makes it imperative that medical schools adopt robust quality assured assessment…

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig; Malau-Aduli, Aduli E. O.

2011-01-01

354

Russian Higher Education and European Standards of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the relevance and implementation of European approaches to quality assurance in the context of the Russian educational system. It covers the issues of transformation of the higher education system during the post-Soviet period, specific features of the state accreditation system, the impact of the European Standards and…

Motova, Galina; Pykko, Ritta

2012-01-01

355

Implementation plan: Quality assurance requirements: Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document establishes the Quality Assurance (QA) Program requirements for the Hazards Waste remedial Actions Program (HASWRAP) for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that program objectives will be achieved as planned. The QA Program is introduced in Sect. 1. The HAZWRAP Support Contractor Office (SCO) functional organization and QA responsibilities are shown in Sect. 2. QA program requirements

Horne

1987-01-01

356

GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

357

Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

The basic structure philosophy of the program as it has evolved over the past five years is discussed with particular emphasis on traceability and use of certified reference materials. Typical summary results of the program and interactive computerized quality assurance system are presented.

Gladney, E.S.; Perrin, D.R.; Goode, W.E.

1982-01-01

358

Quality Assurance in Clinical Data Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical data management is involved in ensuring data quality and integrity from the time a draft of a clinical protocol is issued through the final statistical analysis of the resultant data. This involves careful consideration of the clinical forms and schedule of patient visits; feedback to clinical monitors of systematic errors by investigators; feedback to data processing on data entry

Gene Averkin; Bonnie M. Beaver

1984-01-01

359

Java Quality Assurance by Detecting Code Smells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software inspection is a known technique for improving soft- ware quality. It involves carefully examining the code, the design, and the documentation of software and checking these for aspects that are known to be potentially problem- atic based on past experience. Code smells are a metaphor to describe patterns that are generally associated with bad design and bad programming practices.

Eva Van Emden; Leon Moonen

2002-01-01

360

SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance Software Metrics Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review of software metrics is to examine the quality of the metrics gathered in the 2010 IV&V and to set an outline for results of updated metrics runs to be performed. We find from the review that the maintenance of accepted quality standards presented in the SAPHIRE 8 initial Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) of April, 2010 is most easily achieved by continuing to utilize the tools used in that effort while adding a metric of bug tracking and resolution. Recommendations from the final IV&V were to continue periodic measurable metrics such as McCabe's complexity measure to ensure quality is maintained. The four software tools used to measure quality in the IV&V were CodeHealer, Coverage Validator, Memory Validator, Performance Validator, and Thread Validator. These are evaluated based on their capabilities. We attempted to run their latest revisions with the newer Delphi 2010 based SAPHIRE 8 code that has been developed and was successful with all of the Validator series of tools on small tests. Another recommendation from the IV&V was to incorporate a bug tracking and resolution metric. To improve our capability of producing this metric, we integrated our current web reporting system with the SpiraTest test management software purchased earlier this year to track requirements traceability.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-08-01

361

QAIT: a quality assurance issue tracking tool to facilitate the improvement of clinical data quality.  

PubMed

In clinical and translational research as well as clinical trial projects, clinical data collection is prone to errors such as missing data, and misinterpretation or inconsistency of the data. A good quality assurance (QA) program can resolve many such errors though this requires efficient communications between the QA staff and data collectors. Managing such communications is critical to resolving QA problems but imposes a major challenge for a project involving multiple clinical and data processing sites. We have developed a QA issue tracking (QAIT) system to support clinical data QA in the Clinical Breast Care Project (CBCP). This web-based application provides centralized management of QA issues with role-based access privileges. It has greatly facilitated the QA process and enhanced the overall quality of the CBCP clinical data. As a stand-alone system, QAIT can supplement any other clinical data management systems and can be adapted to support other projects. PMID:22985872

Zhang, Yonghong; Sun, Weihong; Gutchell, Emily M; Kvecher, Leonid; Kohr, Joni; Bekhash, Anthony; Shriver, Craig D; Liebman, Michael N; Mural, Richard J; Hu, Hai

2012-09-15

362

Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The Czech thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network was established in 1997. Its aim is to pursue a regular independent quality audit in Czech radiotherapy centres and to support state supervision.Materials and methods: The audit is realised via mailed TL dosimetry. The TLD system consists of encapsulated LiF:Mg,Ti powder (type MT-N) read with Harshaw manual reader model 4000. Basic

Daniela Kroutil??ková; Josef Novotný; Libor Judas

2003-01-01

363

Austempered ductile iron—process control and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent interest in the development of austempered ductile cast irons has resulted in considerable study of the physical metallurgy\\u000a and mechanical properties of these high strength, high toughness cast irons. Equally important is the identification of process\\u000a control and quality assurance factors to achieve the desired properties successfully and consistently. In this study, aspects\\u000a of austempered ductile iron quality control

R. C. Voigt; C. R. Loper

1984-01-01

364

Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC\\/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC\\/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC\\/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program

Lisa Gullo; Victor Karpenko; Kem Robinson; William Turner; Otis Wong

2002-01-01

365

Use of quality assurance procedures for FTIR field measurement data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The OP-FTIR measurement technique and other remote sensing systems (for example UV-DOAS and TDL) become more and more established methods to monitor the ambient air quality. Some quality assurance procedures have to be done on the field measurement data to get more reliable results. Both the German and US-EPA standardization documents for the OP-FTIR technique prescribe such procedures to check

Alexander Ropertz; Torsten Lamp; Marcus Mueller; Guenther van Haren; Konradin Weber

1999-01-01

366

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

367

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

368

Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this Quality Assurance Plan is to provide quality assurance (QA) guidance, implementation of regulatory QA requirements, and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the Department of Energy (DOE)-issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) and additional federal [10 US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 830.120] QA requirements that HASQAP does not cover.

Grabbe

1995-01-01

369

Quality assurance FY 1995 site support program plan WBS 6.7.2.5  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is a summary of the quality assurance plan and program for the Westinghouse Hanford Company. The quality assurance plan verifies that the appropriate quality assurance programs and controls are applied to activities that affect quality related to work in: waste management; environmental activities (restoration, remediation, and monitoring); implementation of environmental, state, local, and federal regulations; tri-party agreement activities;

1994-01-01

370

IEEE Std 730 Software Quality Assurance: Supporting CMMI-DEV v1.3, Product and Process Quality Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The latest CMMI-DEV version 1.3 shows over 50 instances of Quality Assurance (QA). It is clear that CMMI-DEV and IEEE 730 SQA need to align. The P730 IEEE standards working group has expanded the scope of the SQA process standard to align with IS 12207 so...

J. Walz S. Caroll

2011-01-01

371

Quality Assurance Program description, Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Westinghouse Savannah River Company's (WSRC) Quality Assurance Program for Defense Waste Processing at the Savannah River Site (SRS). WSRC is the operating contractor for the US Department of Energy (DOE) at the SRS. The following objectives are achieved through developing and implementing the Quality Assurance Program: (1) Ensure that the attainment of quality (in accomplishing defense high-level waste processing objectives at the SRS) is at a level commensurate with the government's responsibility for protecting public health and safety, the environment, the public investment, and for efficiently and effectively using national resources. (2) Ensure that high-level waste from qualification and production activities conform to requirements defined by OCRWM. These activities include production processes, equipment, and services; and products that are planned, designed, procured, fabricated, installed, tested, operated, maintained, modified, or produced.

Maslar, S.R.

1992-11-02

372

Use of quality assurance procedures for FTIR field measurement data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The OP-FTIR measurement technique and other remote sensing systems (for example UV-DOAS and TDL) become more and more established methods to monitor the ambient air quality. Some quality assurance procedures have to be done on the field measurement data to get more reliable results. Both the German and US-EPA standardization documents for the OP-FTIR technique prescribe such procedures to check the data. To assess the applicability of these procedures, OP-FTIR field measurement data of a three month continuous measurement campaign were evaluated concerning the signal strength, the influence of stray light, water vapor concentration, baseline noise, wave number shifts and the detection limits. In addition the long time signal stability of the OP-FTIR systems and the UV-DOAS systems are intercompared. The results of the several quality assurance procedures will be presented in this paper.

Ropertz, Alexander; Lamp, Torsten; Mueller, Marcus; van Haren, Guenther; Weber, Konradin

1999-09-01

373

Assuring Quality Care: Exploring Strategies of Medicaid E&D Waiver Providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Implementing quality assurance (QA) programs in unregulated non-institutional settings remains a challenge for home- and community-based service providers. A sample of 65 Elderly and Disabled (E&D) Waiver providers were presented with eight problem scenarios commonly found in homecare services. Each of the respondents was able to identify strategies they would use to recognize and address each problem. Findings suggest providers

Nancy Brossoie; Karen A. Roberto; Pamela B. Teaster; Anne P. Glass

2006-01-01

374

APPLICATION OF SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES TO ENVIORNMENTAL RESEARCH INVOLVING SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

As EPA’s environmental research expands into new areas that involve the development of software, quality assurance concepts and procedures that were originally developed for environmental data collection may not be appropriate. Fortunately, software quality assurance is a ...

375

Project specific quality assurance plan for Project W-178, 219-S secondary containment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The scope of this Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is to provide a system of Quality Assurance reviews and verifications on the design, procurement and construction of the 219-S Secondary Containment Upgrade. The reviews and verifications will be on ...

D. I. Buckles

1994-01-01

376

Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems. Volume I. Principles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Handbook includes guiding principles and recommended procedures for achieving quality assurance in air pollution measurement systems. Vol. I contains brief discussions of elements of quality assurance. Expanded discussions of technical points, includ...

C. Nelson D. J. von Lehmden

1976-01-01

377

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 17.508 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records and documents within the...

2013-07-01

378

Quality assurance processes for designing patient education web sites.  

PubMed

In the future, more nurses and other healthcare professionals will be providing patient education on the Internet. Having knowledge of processes that lead to quality patient education Web site design is essential. These quality assurance processes include determining the site's purpose, selecting the user population, establishing the expected clinical and learning outcomes, providing an educational framework, incorporating specific design principles, and multiple and ongoing site evaluation. Therefore, Web site development processes designed to undergird quality patient education are presented, and an example Web site is used to illustrate them. PMID:12352105

Smith, Carol E; Cha, Jennifer; Puno, Florence; Magee, Jon D; Bingham, James; Van Gorp, Mark

379

Assuring the quality of safety analyses and safety analysis documentation  

SciTech Connect

Planning, preparation, and submittal of safety analysis reports might be pursued in a manner similar to a quality-related procurement, where customer needs, expectations and acceptance criteria are established in advance. Then the product/service provider, the contractor, should apply various quality control processes to assure the desired characteristics of the product safety analysis documents. Improving the quality and acceptability to DOE of safety documents at first submittal should result in a more expeditious DOE review and approval process, thereby reducing costs of network and recycle through reviews.

J. E. Johnson

2000-05-03

380

Assuring the Quality of Safety Analyses and Safety Analysis Documentation  

SciTech Connect

Planning, preparation, and submittal of safety analysis reports might be pursued in a manner similar to a quality-related procurement, where customer needs, expectations and acceptance criteria are established in advance. Then the product/service provider, the contractor, should apply various quality control processes to assure the desired characteristics of the product safety analysis documents. Improving the quality and acceptability to DOE of safety documents at first submittal should result in a more expeditious DOE review and approval process, thereby reducing costs of network and recycle through reviews.

Johnson, John Edwin

2000-05-01

381

Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

2002-09-30

382

The Role of the Quality Assurance Professional in Determining Quality Costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applying quality cost techniques within an organization can be very difficult, and problems may arise at any stage from planning the programme through to corrective action. Seeks to illustrate the difficulties experienced with quality costs by two quality assurance managers working in very different total quality management (TQM) environments: Company A manufactures and assembles computers and is working at the

William Keogh

1994-01-01

383

Bridging the Gap Between Quality Improvement and Quality Assurance: A Project at Griffith University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two versions of quality are dominating the policy discourse of higher education in Australia. Policies emanating from the Federal Government's Department of Education and Training (BEET) advocate quality assurance (QA) as the preferred mode for public accountability in higher education, while within some universities the response to quality has been through the implementation of quality improvement (QI) strategies, where the

Judyth Sachs

384

14 CFR 13.401 - Flight Operational Quality Assurance Program: Prohibition against use of data for enforcement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Flight Operational Quality Assurance Program: Prohibition against...ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Flight Operational Quality Assurance Programs § 13.401 Flight Operational Quality Assurance Program: Prohibition...

2013-01-01

385

40 CFR Appendix to Subpart Eee of... - Quality Assurance Procedures for Continuous Emissions Monitors Used for Hazardous Waste Combustors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the CEMS and allowed in the source's quality assurance plan at the time of the CEMS failure. One-minute... 1. 40 CFR part 60, appendix F, âQuality Assurance Procedures: Procedure 1. Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas continuous...

2010-07-01

386

40 CFR Appendix to Subpart Eee of... - Quality Assurance Procedures for Continuous Emissions Monitors Used for Hazardous Waste Combustors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the CEMS and allowed in the source's quality assurance plan at the time of the CEMS failure. One-minute... 1. 40 CFR part 60, appendix F, âQuality Assurance Procedures: Procedure 1. Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas continuous...

2009-07-01

387

The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-11-30

388

Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

1993-03-01

389

Effluent monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan for radioactive airborne emissions data. Revision 2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for compiling Hanford Site radioactive airborne emissions data. These data will be reported to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the US Department of Energy, and the Washington State Department of Health. Effluent Monitoring performs compliance assessments on radioactive airborne sampling and monitoring systems. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared

Frazier

1995-01-01

390

The Introduction of External Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education: An Analysis of Stakeholder Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the take?up of proposals for a national quality assurance system in South Africa using different approaches to quality assurance to classify stakeholder responses to survey and interview questions. The context of the study was the introduction of an external quality assurance system for South African higher education by an agency of the Department of Education, the Higher

Kathy Luckett

2007-01-01

391

National Research Laboratory Generic Project Quality Assurance Plan for research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Project Quality Assurance Plan (PQAP) sets forth the requirements for the National Research Laboratory's research Divisions' quality assurance programs to comply with the applicable criteria of 10CFR Part 50, Appendix B, ANSI\\/ASME NQA-1 and to meet the requirements of the Funding Agency's Quality Assurance Specification and the National Research Laboratory's QA Program for the projects that require a formal

E. E. Bain; R. L. Hinckley

1986-01-01

392

Quality Assurance Project Plan for waste tank vapor characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan, WHC-SD-WM-QAPP-013, applies to four separate vapor sampling tasks associated with Phases 1 and 2 of the Tank Vapor Issue Resolution Program and support of the Rotary Mode Core Drilling Portable Exhauster Permit. These tasks focus on employee safety concerns and tank ventilation emission control design requirements. Previous characterization efforts and studies are of insufficient accuracy

Suydam; C. D. Jr

1993-01-01

393

Geo-information quality assurance in disaster management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disaster management depends on large volumes of comprehensive, accurate, relevant, on-time geo-information that various organizations systematically create and maintain. One cannot assure geo-information quality (G-IQ) without first being able to measure it meaningfully and establishing a causal connection between the source of G-IQ change, the G-IQ problem types, the types of activities affected, and their implications. In this article we

Ying Su; Jie Peng; Zhanming Jin

2008-01-01

394

Balancing compliance and cost when implementing a Quality Assurance program  

SciTech Connect

When implementing a Quality Assurance (QA) program, compliance and cost must be balanced. A QA program must be developed that hits the mark in terms of adequate control and documentation, but does not unnecessarily expand resources. As the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has moved towards certification, Sandia National Laboratories has learned much about balancing compliance and costs. Some of these lessons are summarized here.

Pickering, S.Y.

1997-12-01

395

Quality Assurance Plan for the AL3 Test Procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the new quality assurance plan for the Alarms-of-Level-3 (AL3) test. The aim of the plan is to introduce engineering techniques and to standardise and simplify the procedures for carrying out tests following Safety Instruction 37 (IS37). The procedures are to co-ordinate all the services involved (fire brigade, maintenance and computer support) and to create a consistent documentation.

Isabel Béjar-Alonso

1999-01-01

396

Commissioning and quality assurance of treatment planning computers.  

PubMed

The process of radiation therapy is complex and involves many steps. At each step, comprehensive quality assurance procedures are required to ensure the safe and accurate delivery of a prescribed radiation dose. This report deals with a comprehensive commissioning and ongoing quality assurance program specifically for treatment planning computers. Detailed guidelines are provided under the following topics: (a) computer program and system documentation and user training, (b) sources of uncertainties and suggested tolerances, (c) initial system checks, (d) repeated system checks, (e) quality assurance through manual procedures, and in vivo dosimetry, and (f) some additional considerations including administration and manpower requirements. In the context of commercial computerized treatment planning systems, uncertainty estimates and achievable criteria of acceptability are presented for: (a) external photon beams, (b) electron beams, (c) brachytherapy, and (d) treatment machine setting calculations. Although these criteria of acceptability appear large, they approach the limit achievable with most of today's treatment planning systems. However, developers of new or improved dose calculation algorithms should strive for the goal recommended by the International Commission of Radiation Units and Measurements of 2% in relative dose accuracy in low dose gradients or 2 mm spatial accuracy in regions with high dose gradients. For brachytherapy, the aim should be 3% accuracy in dose at distances of 0.5 cm or more at any point for any radiation source. Details are provided for initial commissioning tests and follow-up reproducibility tests. The final quality assurance for each patient is to perform an independent manual check of at least one point in the dose distributions, as well as the machine setting calculation. As a check of the overall treatment planning process, in vivo dosimetry should be performed on a select number of patients. PMID:8491684

Van Dyk, J; Barnett, R B; Cygler, J E; Shragge, P C

1993-05-20

397

e-Governance: Some Performance and Quality Assurance Aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Gradually, e-Governance emerges as theory of informatized societal management. It is supposed to start by defining its (i)\\u000a objectives, (ii) scope, (iii) concepts and models, (iv) key problems, methods and solutions and (v) definition of performance\\u000a (vi) quality assurance. The present paper is focused on (v) and (vi), in an attempt to put into discussions a possible list\\u000a of about

Nicolae Costake

2004-01-01

398

Quality assurance management: Network and service performance evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The next generation network's ecosystem comprises of both the revolutionary voice and data services and their supporting networks. This ecosystem's management of the quality assurance requires complex data processing and analysis that draw on the interdependency of the QoS and QoE metrics that govern the network and the supported services, respectively. These interdependencies build the QoE - QoS cycle and

Irina Cotanis

2009-01-01

399

Quality assurance for clinical implementation of an electromagnetic tracking system.  

PubMed

The Calypso Medical 4D localization system utilizes alternating current electromagnetics for accurate, real-time tumor tracking. A quality assurance program to clinically implement this system is described here. Testing of the continuous electromagnetic tracking system (Calypso Medical Technologies, Seattle, WA) was performed using an in-house developed four-dimensional stage and a quality assurance fixture containing three radiofrequency transponders at independently measured locations. The following tests were performed to validate the Calypso system: (a) Localization and tracking accuracy, (b) system reproducibility, (c) measurement of the latency of the tracking system, and (d) measurement of transmission through the Calypso table overlay and the electromagnetic array. The translational and rotational localization accuracies were found to be within 0.01 cm and 1.0 degree, respectively. The reproducibility was within 0.1 cm. The average system latency was measured to be within 303 ms. The attenuation by the Calypso overlay was measured to be 1.0% for both 6 and 18 MV photons. The attenuations by the Calypso array were measured to be 2% and 1.5% for 6 and 18 MV photons, respectively. For oblique angles, the transmission was measured to be 3% for 6 MV, while it was 2% for 18 MV photons. A quality assurance process has been developed for the clinical implementation of an electromagnetic tracking system in radiation therapy. PMID:19746781

Santanam, Lakshmi; Noel, Camille; Willoughby, Twyla R; Esthappan, Jacqueline; Mutic, Sasa; Klein, Eric E; Low, Daniel A; Parikh, Parag J

2009-08-01

400

National Ignition Facility Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a key constituent of the Department of Energy`s Stockpile Stewardship Program. The NIF will use inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to produce ignition and energy gain in ICF targets, and will perform weapons physics and high-energy- density experiments in support of national security and civilian objectives. The NIF Project is a national facility involving the collaboration of several DOE laboratories and subcontractors, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR/LLE). The primary mission of the NIF Project is the construction and start-up operation of laser-based facilities that will demonstrate fusion ignition in the laboratory to provide nuclear-weapons-related physics data, and secondarily, to propagate fusion burn aimed at developing a potential source of civilian energy. To support the accomplishment of this very important mission, the LLNL Laser Directorate created the NIF Project Office to organize and bring about the Project. The NIF Project Office has established this Quality Assurance Program to ensure its success. This issue of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) adds the requirements for the conduct of Title 11 design, construction, procurement, and Title III engineering. This QAPP defines and describes the program-the management system-for specifying, achieving, and assuring the quality of all NIF Project work consistent with the policies of the Laboratory and the Laser Directorate.

Wolfe, C.R.; Yatabe, J.

1996-09-01

401

Challenges of assuring crew safety in space shuttle missions with international cargoes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The top priority in America's manned space flight program is the assurance of crew and vehicle safety. This priority gained greater focus during and after the Space Shuttle return-to-flight mission (STS-26). One of the interesting challenges has been to assure crew safety and adequate protection of the Space Shuttle, as a national resource, from increasingly diverse cargoes and operations. The

C. Vongsouthy; P. A Stenger-Nguyen; H. V. Nguyen; P. H Nguyen; M. C Huang; R. G Alexander

2004-01-01

402

Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research  

SciTech Connect

How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1990-04-12

403

Needless Retesting of Quality-Assured, Commercially Prepared Culture Media  

PubMed Central

Current revival of interest in quality control of bacteriological culture media prompted this laboratory to develop and implement a system of quality control testing of media purchased from commercial manufacturers. During 8 months we tested more than 900 lots of 46 different media representing 350,000 units of culture media purchased from two major and one minor supplier(s). Only 17 lots were found to be unsatisfactory. This experience raised a question about the real necessity for extensive retesting by users of commercially prepared, quality-assured media. It is suggested that primary responsibility for quality control be placed on the relatively few manufacturer-vendors rather than on the multiple purchaser-users, who may not possess either the expertise or the resources for quality control programs.

Nagel, Janice G.; Kunz, Lawrence J.

1973-01-01

404

Quality Assurance Systems Ordered by Law - An Advantage or Disadvantage Regarding Quality Management,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper warns against growing bureaucracy and the risk of quality assurance standards securing the status quo instead of leading to continuous changes and improvements. The author's opinion is that legislation cannot implement commitment, continuous imp...

A. Aune

1987-01-01

405

A comprehensive framework for quality assurance in clinical trials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomarkers captured by medical images are increasingly used as indicators for the efficacy or safety of a certain drug or treatment for clinical trials. For example, medical images such as CT or MR are often used for extracting quantitative measurements for the assessment of tumor treatment response while evaluating a chemotherapy drug for therapeutic cancer trials. Quality assurance is defined as "All those planned and systematic actions that are established to ensure that the trial is performed and the data are generated, documented (recorded), and reported in compliance with good clinical practice (GCP) and the applicable regulatory requirement(s)" [1]. Our objective is to build a generalized and an automated framework for quality assurance within the clinical trials workflow. In order to reach this goal, a set of standardized software tools have been developed for quality assurance. Furthermore, we outline some guidelines as recommendations for the users handling the image data within the research workflow. The software tools developed include tools for image selection, image pseudonymization and image quality conformance check. The export tools are developed based on the specifications of the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Teaching and Clinical Trial Export (TCE) profile. A DICOM-based quality conformance approach has been developed by validating the DICOM header attributes required for a certain imaging application (e.g. CAD, MPR, 3D) and comparing imaging acquisition parameters against the protocol specification. A formal description language is used to represent such quality requirements. For evaluation, imaging data collected from a clinical trial site were validated against Multi-Planar Reconstruction (MPR). We found that out of 60 studies, about 30% of image series volumes failed the MPR check for some common reasons.

El Gazzar, Omar; Onken, Michael; Eichelberg, Marco; Hein, Andreas; Kotter, Elmar

2012-02-01

406

The implications of surgical quality assurance in cancer clinical trials.  

PubMed

Prospective clinical trials are used to evaluate therapeutic interventions. Because surgery is involved in the diagnosis, staging, and therapy of solid malignancies, active surgical leadership in these cancer studies is important. There are currently barriers to widespread surgical participation in clinical trials. This report defines the obstacles as well as documents efforts to overcome them and improve surgical quality assurance in cooperative group research. The surgical leadership of several clinical cooperative groups sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) were interviewed. Cooperative group reports were analyzed with respect to internal audits, quality assurance and activities of surgical monitoring committees. Minutes from meetings of the NCI's workshops on "Surgeons in Clinical Trials" were reviewed. Six concerns present impediments to surgical quality in clinical trials. To address these, substantive surgical leadership is being developed throughout the cooperative group system. Surgical co-principal investigators for institutions and protocols are being appointed. Uniform surgical standards and operative guidelines are being developed. Surgical data review occur at the local institution as well as through central audits and surgical monitoring committees. Coordinators in surgical data management are being trained. Surgical education is organized at cooperative group meetings and disseminated to the surgical community by seminars, workshops, audiovisual teaching sessions, and scientific publications. Surgeons are playing increasing leadership roles in the cancer trials performed by cooperative groups. Surgical leaders are dedicated to a broad-scale quality assurance effort. Enhanced surgical commitment, widespread clinical participation, and focused leadership should affect a high level of surgical quality care in clinical trials research. PMID:7954277

Haase, G M

1994-11-01

407

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...performance testing samples that have been formulated...challenge the validity screening test around the applicable...by an HHS-certified laboratory. For example, one set of performance testing samples used to challenge a creatinine validity screening test must include...

2010-01-01

408

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...performance testing samples that have been formulated...challenge the validity screening test around the applicable...by an HHS-certified laboratory. For example, one set of performance testing samples used to challenge a creatinine validity screening test must include...

2009-01-01

409

Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

Odhiambo, George

2008-01-01

410

Total Quality Management (TQM) and quality assurance (QA) in superfund. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The directive discusses the support of Total Quality Management and Quality Assurance by the Director of the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. It focuses especially on TQM as it relates to Superfund's QA Program and the development of Data Quality Objective (DQOs) for the RI/FS and RD/RA processes.

Not Available

1990-12-05

411

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Approach for Local and Regional Air Pollutants Emission Inventories in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the paper the approach followed in Italy for quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) in some local and regional emission inventories is presented. Particular attention is devoted to the completeness of data, the quality control of data and the validation of results. The methodology used for emission inventory preparation at local level is at first resumed. Next is

Carlo Trozzi; Rita Vaccaro; Antonella Bernetti; Christian Melis; Monica Pantaleoni

412

Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

Odhiambo, George

2008-01-01

413

QUALITY CONTROL AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCEDURES FOR LEVEL 1 HEALTH EFFECTS BIOASSAYS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of a program of quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) for the EPA Level 1 environmental assessment health effects bioassays to ensure that all data collected are of known and documented quality sufficient to meet their intended use. ...

414

Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data  

SciTech Connect

This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

RA Peppler; KE Kehoe; KL Sonntag; CP Bahrmann; SJ Richardson; SW Christensen; RA McCord; DJ Doty; R Wagener; RC Eagan; JC Lijegren; BW Orr; DL Sisterson; TD Halter; NN Keck; CN Long; MC Macduff; JH Mather; RC Perez; JW Voyles; MD Ivey; ST Moore; DL Nitschke; BD Perkins; DD Turner

2008-03-01

415

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Methods and standards to assure quality of services...Applicable to All Services § 440.260 Methods and standards to assure quality of services...The plan must include a description of methods and standards used to assure that...

2012-10-01

416

A survey of medical quality assurance programs in Ontario hospitals.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of medical quality assurance practices in Ontario hospitals. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: All teaching, community, chronic care, rehabilitation and psychiatric hospitals that were members of the Ontario Hospital Association as of May 1990. PARTICIPANTS: The person deemed by the chief executive officer of each hospital to be most responsible for medical administration. INTERVENTION: A questionnaire to obtain information on each hospital's use of criteria audit, indicators inventory, occurrence screening and reporting, and utilization review and management (URM) activities. OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of the use of the quality assurance activities, the people responsible for the activities and the relative success of the URM program in modifying physicians' performance. RESULTS: Of the 245 member hospitals participants from 179 (73%) responded. Criteria audits were performed in 136 (76%), indicators inventory in 43 (24%), occurrence screening in 44 (25%), occurrence reporting in 61 (34%) and URM in 123 (69%). In-hospital deaths were reviewed in 157 (88%) of the hospitals. In all, 87 (55%) of the respondents from hospitals that had a URM program or were developing one indicated that their program was successful in modifying physicians' practices, and 29 (18%) reported that it was not successful; 26 (16%) stated that the effect was still unknown, and 16 (10%) did not respond. Seventy (40%) stated that results of tissue reviews were reported at least 10 times per year and 94 (83%) that medical record reviews were reported at least as often. The differences in the prevalence of the quality assurance activities between the hospitals were not found to be significant. CONCLUSIONS: Many Ontario hospitals are conducting a wide variety of quality assurance activities. Further study is required to determine whether the differences in prevalence of these activities between hospitals would be significant in a larger, perhaps national, sample. Strategies are needed to ensure universal involvement and participation in the improvement of the quality of care and the assessment of the cost-effectiveness of health care treatments. Recommendations to achieve these objectives are suggested.

Barrable, B

1992-01-01

417

Quality assurance and quality control in monitoring programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are three general characteristics of the data to be collected in a monitoring program that should be met in order to maximize the use and value of the data: the data quality should be known, the data type and quality should be consistent and comparable, and the data should be available and accessible. Potential problems with each of these

William J. Shampine

1993-01-01

418

Building Quality Assurance into Metadata Creation: an Analysis based on the Learning Objects and e-Prints Communities of Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper challenges some of the assumptions underlying the metadata creation process in the context of two communities of practice, based around learning object repositories and open e- Print archives. The importance of quality assurance for metadata creation is discussed and evidence from the literature, from the practical experiences of repositories and archives, and from related research and practices within

Jane Barton; Sarah Currier; Jessie M. N. Hey

419

Quality assurance in NAA intercomparisons: Effectiveness versus effort  

SciTech Connect

The analytical technique of neutron activation analysis (NAA) is capable of highly accurate analyses for botanical samples when properly utilized. In fact, NAA has quality assurance characteristics that provide a high degree of both inherent accuracy and ability for internal self-evaluation should the analyst have the tools, knowledge, and desire to take advantage of those characteristics. With the current emphasis by laboratories on quality assurance (QA) and total quality management (TQM), the need and desire for trace element analyses using NAA should increase. Laboratory intercomparisons have been one method that analysts have used to verify the results of their QA and TQM efforts. However, to gain optimum benefit from any intercomparison, a feedback mechanism is needed that would allow discussions of less than optimum results with individual participating laboratories in order to identify the source of problem(s). The author discusses a voluntary intercomparison program begun by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Task Group on Nuclear Methods of Chemical Analysis, to look at two NIST botanical reference materials not yet certified for chemical composition. Discrepancies found in the results reported for barium analyses of these samples are discussed. Some of the discrepancies can be explained, but others are still not understood.

Becker, D.A. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States))

1993-01-01

420

Quality assurance in radiation therapy: future plans in physics  

SciTech Connect

Future efforts in physics will have to address the new developments in each component of the whole radiation treatment process. Certain new developments, using both computer and imaging technologies, show promise in providing tools to verify the accuracy of the delivered radiation treatment. Areas receiving careful attention are: integration and registration of information from multiple sources of diagnostic studies; validation of the accuracy of treatment planning systems; assessment of relative merits of alternate dose distributions; improvement of portal and verification film image quality; real time monitoring using light emitting screens and coupled with TV systems; monitoring of treatment and machine parameters using ''record and verify'' computer systems. The medical physics community, primarily through the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), will continue the development of methodologies for techology transfer in the area of quality assurance. By necessity, the national Radiological Physics Center (RPC) and the regional Centers for Radiological Physics (CRP) will have to take a major role in the development of new quality assurance programs.

Suntharalingam, N.

1984-06-01

421

UMTRA Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 5  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites in accordance with Public Law 95-604, the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA). The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. The US Department of Energy (DOE) UMTRA Project Office directs the overall Project. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria (set forth in the reference documents) has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. The UMTRA Project Office shall require each Project contractor to prepare and submit for approval a more detailed QAPP that is based on the applicable criteria of this QAPP and the referenced documents. All QAPPs on the UMTRA Project shall fit within the framework of this plan or an industry standard format that has been approved by the DOE Project Office.

Not Available

1993-11-01

422

Integrating ethics with quality assurance in long term care.  

PubMed

Pressing ethical issues, such as the appropriateness of resuscitation and decision making for incompetent patients, frequently arise in conjunction with long term care. Institutional ethics committees can help long term care facility personnel and patients address ethical concerns. Interfacility ethics study groups can be organized to meet the needs of facilities with limited resources. Compliance with ethical policies (eg, regarding decisions to withhold or withdraw life-prolonging treatment, artificial nutrition and hydration, and use of chemical and physical restraints) can be monitored as part of a facility's quality assurance program. PMID:3134635

Whiteneck, M R

1988-05-01

423

Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Environmental Restoration Program  

SciTech Connect

The United States Department of Energy (USDOE) has initiated the Environmental Restoration Program (ERP) in an effort to manage, control and remediate existing hazardous, toxic and radioactive wastes generated at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS). This ERP Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is responsive to the PORTS ESH Division QAPP and the ES Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) QAPP. This QAPP establishes the policies, requirements and responsibilities by which an appropriate level of QA shall be implemented within the PORTS-ERP. All PORTS-ERP activities shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this document and/or of a project level document which is derivative of this document.

Not Available

1992-03-30

424

Quality Assurance Project Plan for waste tank vapor characterization  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan, WHC-SD-WM-QAPP-013, applies to four separate vapor sampling tasks associated with Phases 1 and 2 of the Tank Vapor Issue Resolution Program and support of the Rotary Mode Core Drilling Portable Exhauster Permit. These tasks focus on employee safety concerns and tank ventilation emission control design requirements. Previous characterization efforts and studies are of insufficient accuracy to adequately define the problem. It is believed that the technology and maturity of sampling and analytical methods can be sufficiently developed to allow the characterization of the constituents of the tank vapor space.

Suydam, C.D. Jr.

1993-12-01

425

Critical Information Assurance Challenges for Modern Large-Scale Infrastructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Today’s information assurance (IA) is no longer about keeping people out. It’s about letting people in — the right people,\\u000a securely, to the right place. In modern military and commercial systems, partners, suppliers, and customers are all constantly\\u000a accessing the infrastructure through the network. Once there, each needs to be taken directly to the appropriate data and\\u000a resources. Secure and efficient

Ming-yuh Huang

2005-01-01

426

S-PRIME Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Quality Assurance Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)describes how the Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Design and Technology Demonstration Project addresses the Quality Assurance requirements delineated in DOE Order 5700.6C and the Thermionic Program Management Plan 214PMP000001. The Quality Assurance Program is based on the following fundamental principles, which Rocketdyne endorses and the QA Project Manager and Program Manager shall enforce: Quality Achievement is a continuing responsibility of line organization at all levels; the Quality Assurance organization through the effective overview of work, gives additional assurance that specified requirements are met; risk is the fundamental consideration in determining to what extent the Quality Assurance Plan should be applied to items and processes; action is based on facts and analysis, customer driven quality, strong quality leadership and continuous improvement.

Jones, C.M.

1992-09-23

427

National Research Laboratory Generic Project Quality Assurance Plan for research and development  

SciTech Connect

This Project Quality Assurance Plan (PQAP) sets forth the requirements for the National Research Laboratory's research Divisions' quality assurance programs to comply with the applicable criteria of 10CFR Part 50, Appendix B, ANSI/ASME NQA-1 and to meet the requirements of the Funding Agency's Quality Assurance Specification and the National Research Laboratory's QA Program for the projects that require a formal Quality Assurance plan. The requirements of this plan apply to project activities that affect the quality and reliability/creditability of research, development, and investigative data and documentation. These activities include the functions of attaining quality objectives and assuring that an appropriate quality assurance program scope is established. The scope of activities affecting quality include personnel training and qualifications; designing; purchasing; material handling and storage; surveillance, testing, and auditing; R and D investigative activities and documentation; deficiencies; corrective actions; and QA recordkeeping.

Bain, E.E.; Hinckley, R.L.

1986-09-01

428

Emerging concepts of quality assurance in clinical laboratories.  

PubMed

Quality Assurance is a management system designed to achieve an acceptable level of quality services, prevent poor quality and in laboratories is intended to ensure reliability of results. It comprehensively includes controlling the quality of procedures at each and every step including Pre-analytical (specimen collection and transport), Analytical (specimen processing in the lab) and Post-analytical (reporting and interpretation of results). Concept of total quality management (TQM) is closely interlinked with good laboratory practices and goes far beyond the widely practiced conventional Quality Control (QC) procedures. TQM includes Technical accuracy and precision, equipment and supplies, staff training and skill, financial management (cost effectiveness), lab safety, communication etc. Recent pressures on pathology laboratories have meant that laboratories no longer have the numbers of scientists and pathologists they had in the past. This has resulted in more questions being asked of the QA staff with a steady increase in the number of scientists employed to address this demand. Quality improvement in the modern clinical laboratory environment entails the continuous inspection and refinement of processes to ensure the efficient delivery of services that meet the needs and expectations of those who use them. PMID:17091755

Naz, Sumera; Saddar-ud-din, Agha

2006-09-01

429

Evaluating the Reliability and Impact of a Quality Assurance System for E-Learning Courseware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assuring e-learning quality is of interest worldwide. This paper introduces the methods of e-learning courseware quality assurance (a quality certification system) adopted by the eLQSC (e-Learning Quality Service Centre) in Taiwan. A sequential/explanatory design with a mixed methodology was used to gather research data and conduct data analyses.…

Sung, Yao-Ting; Chang, Kuo-En; Yu, Wen-Cheng

2011-01-01

430

S-PRIME Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Quality Assurance Program Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)describes how the Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Design and Technology Demonstration Project addresses the Quality Assurance requirements delineated in DOE Order 5700.6C and the Thermionic Program Management Plan 214PMP000001. The Quality Assurance Program is based on the following fundamental principles, which Rocketdyne endorses and the QA Project Manager and Program Manager shall enforce: Quality

1992-01-01

431

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices For Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of rehab...

432

Quality assurance questionnaire for professionals fails to improve the quality of informed consent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The informed consent process for research warrants improvement but approaches designed to enhance informed consent need testing in the context of actual clinical research.Purpose Test the cumulative effect of a retrospective quality assurance questionnaire intended to enhance awareness in the person obtaining informed consent on the quality of the informed consent in clinical trials.Methods In the Veterans Affairs Cooperative

Philip W. Lavori; Timothy J. Wilt; Jeremy Sugarman

2007-01-01

433

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 14: Introduction to Quality Assurance/Quality Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Technical Education Research Center, Waco, TX.

434

Quality Assurance of Radiotherapy in Cancer Treatment: Toward Improvement of Patient Safety and Quality of Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simu- lation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive

Satoshi Ishikura

2008-01-01

435

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices for Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)â??s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued, including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of reha...

436

DATA STANDARDS ARE BACK SEAT DRIVERS! METHODOLOGY FOR INCORPORATING INFORMATION QUALITY INTO QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance project plans for environmental data collections consider user requirements for the measurements and express these in the form of data quality objectives. User requirements now may include capture of measurements and associated information in prescribed formats to facilitate entry into computerized informationsystems. Establishing ahead of time that the data requirements may be an important back seat driver for

Lora Johnson; Jeffrey C. Worthington

2000-01-01

437

Development and Testing of a Nuclear Quality Assurance/Quality Control Technician Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted to field test selected first- and second-year courses in a postsecondary nuclear quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) technician curriculum and to develop the teaching/learning modules for seven technical specialty courses remaining in the QA/QC technician curriculum. The field testing phase of the project involved…

Espy, John; And Others

438

From technical quality assurance of radiotherapy to a comprehensive quality of service management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purpose: A hierarchy of dosimetry, planning and machine performance checks and evaluations of clinical outcomes have been widely used in radiotherapy for decades. Procedures, codes of practice and guidance are readily available on the ‘technical aspects’ of radiotherapy treatments, maintenance of which is achieved by quality control checks within a quality assurance approach to radiotherapy. Recently a series

T. Kehoe; L.-J. Rugg

1999-01-01

439

Quality in E-Learning: A Framework for Promoting and Assuring Quality in Virtual Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role…

Masoumi, D.; Lindstrom, B.

2012-01-01

440

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 14: Introduction to Quality Assurance/Quality Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Technical Education Research Center, Waco, TX.

441

Development and Testing of a Nuclear Quality Assurance/Quality Control Technician Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to field test selected first- and second-year courses in a postsecondary nuclear quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) technician curriculum and to develop the teaching/learning modules for seven technical specialty courses remaining in the QA/QC technician curriculum. The field testing phase of the project involved the…

Espy, John; And Others

442

Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

2006-01-01

443

Air Quality Monitoring for Fluorides: I. Establishment and Quality Assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The brickfields in the Marston Vale of Bedfordshire and surrounding areas account for almost half of the UK brick production. Consequently the region contributes to significant emission of fluorides to atmosphere. Previous data left much uncertainty about the accuracy of the results and whether they gave a true picture of air quality. The setting up of a spatially extensive programme

E. R. Clark; P. C. Robins; J. G. Irwin; R. S. Barratt

1990-01-01

444

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES AND MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Require that each batch of samples analyzed be accompanied by appropriate quality control samples to evaluate accuracy and precision of the results. Require a documented data review and validation process by a minimum of three people before data is released to the client. Requi...

445

Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

2006-01-01

446

Comprehensive quality assurance phantom for cardiovascular imaging systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the advent of high heat loading capacity x-ray tubes, high frequency inverter type generators, and the use of spectral shaping filters, the automatic brightness/exposure control (ABC) circuit logic employed in the new generation of angiographic imaging equipment has been significantly reprogrammed. These new angiographic imaging systems are designed to take advantage of the power train capabilities to yield higher contrast images while maintaining, or lower, the patient exposure. Since the emphasis of the imaging system design has been significantly altered, the system performance parameters one is interested and the phantoms employed for the quality assurance must also change in order to properly evaluate the imaging capability of the cardiovascular imaging systems. A quality assurance (QA) phantom has been under development in this institution and was submitted to various interested organizations such as American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions (SCA&I), and National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) for their review and input. At the same time, in an effort to establish a unified standard phantom design for the cardiac catheterization laboratories (CCL), SCA&I and NEMA have formed a joint work group in early 1997 to develop a suitable phantom. The initial QA phantom design has since been accepted to serve as the base phantom by the SCA&I- NEMA Joint Work Group (JWG) from which a comprehensive QA Phantom is being developed.

Lin, Pei-Jan P.

1998-07-01

447

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage, and disposal of liquid and solid wastes generated at the Hanford Site as well as those wastes received from other US Department of Energy (DOE) and non-DOE sites. WMH operations include the Low-Level Burial Grounds, Central Waste Complex (a mixed-waste storage complex), a nonradioactive dangerous waste storage facility, the Transuranic Storage Facility, T Plant, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facility, 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, the 242-A Evaporator, 300 Area Treatment Effluent Disposal Facility, the 340 Facility (a radioactive liquid waste handling facility), 222-S Laboratory, the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford TRU Waste Program.

VOLKMAN, D.D.

1999-10-27

448

Quality Assurance Protocol for AFCI Advanced Structural Materials Testing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this letter is to inform you of recent progress on the development of advanced structural materials in support of advanced fast reactors and AFCI. As you know, the alloy development effort has been initiated in recent months with the procurement of adequate quantities of the NF616 and HT-UPS alloys. As the test alloys become available in the coming days, mechanical testing, evaluation of optimizing treatments, and screening of environmental effects will be possible at a larger scale. It is therefore important to establish proper quality assurance protocols for this testing effort in a timely manner to ensure high technical quality throughout testing. A properly implemented quality assurance effort will also enable preliminary data taken in this effort to be qualified as NQA-1 during any subsequent licensing discussions for an advanced design or actual prototype. The objective of this report is to describe the quality assurance protocols that will be used for this effort. An essential first step in evaluating quality protocols is assessing the end use of the data. Currently, the advanced structural materials effort is part of a long-range, basic research and development effort and not, as yet, involved in licensing discussions for a specific reactor design. After consultation with Mark Vance (an ORNL QA expert) and based on the recently-issued AFCI QA requirements, the application of NQA-1 quality requirements will follow the guidance provided in Part IV, Subpart 4.2 of the NQA-1 standard (Guidance on Graded Application of QA for Nuclear-Related Research and Development). This guidance mandates the application of sound scientific methodology and a robust peer review process in all phases, allowing for the data to be qualified for use even if the programmatic mission changes to include licensing discussions of a specific design or prototype. ORNL has previously implemented a QA program dedicated to GNEP activities and based on an appropriately graded application of NQA-1 requirements at the site. The current program is being revised to incorporate changes imposed through the recently revised AFCI Technical Integration Office QA requirements. Testing conducted under the AFCI QA program for the advanced structural materials effort shall incorporate the following quality assurance expectations: (1) personnel are adequately trained to perform assigned work; (2) activities are controlled to ensure consistency of results; (3) records necessary to substantiate how the work was performed are maintained (dedicated laboratory notebooks will be used); (4) the pedigree and traceability of the various tested materials are maintained throughout the described processes using consistent sample numbering and adequate record keeping; (5) equipment with the potential to affect the quality of the planned work is calibrated and maintained in accordance with applicable operating requirements. In addition, all reporting or related dissemination by ORNL personnel of the results of the work described in this subcontract shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements described or referenced in the ORNL Standards Based Management System subject area entitled Scientific and Technical Information. Reporting or publications at other institutions will be conducted in accordance with the requirements of that institution. Successful implementation of these protocols will provide a sound basis for future decisions and research. In addition, these steps will also help ensure that results can also be applied to licensing discussions at a future date.

Busby, Jeremy T [ORNL

2009-05-01

449

Quality assurance and data collection -- Electronic Data Transfer  

SciTech Connect

The Radiological Environmental Monitoring (REM) group at the Fernald Environmental Management Project is involved in an Electronic Data Transfer practice that will result in the improved quality assurance of collected data. This practice focuses on electronic data transfer from the recording instrument to reduce the manpower normally required for manual data entry and improve the quality of the data transferred. The application of this practice can enhance any data collection program where instruments with electronic memories and a signal output are utilized. Organizations employing this practice can strengthen the quality and efficiency of their data collection program. The use of these practices can assist in complying with Quality Assurance requirements under ASME NQA-1, RCRA, CERCLA, and DOE Order activities. Data from Pylon AB-5 instrumentation is typically configured to print data to a tape. The REM group has developed a process to electronically transfer stored data. The data are sent from the Pylon AB-5 field instrument to a HewlettPackard portable hand computer, model HP95LX. Data are recorded and stored on a 128 K-byte RAN card and later transferred to a PC database as an electronic file for analysis. The advantage of this system is twofold: (1) Data entry errors are eliminated and (2) considerable data collection and entry time is eliminated. Checks can then be conducted for data validity between recorded intervals due to light leaks etc. and the detection of outliers. This paper will discuss the interface and connector components that allow this transfer of data from the Pylon to the PC to take place and the process to perform that activity.

Tomczak, L.M.; Lohner, W.G.; Ray, E.C.; Salesky, J.A. [Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corp., Cincinnati, OH (United States). Fernald Environmental Management Project; Spitz, H.B. [Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States). Coll. of Nuclear Engineering

1993-05-01

450

Experience with the European quality assurance guidelines for digital mammography systems in a national screening programme.  

PubMed

The transition to a fully digital breast screening programme, utilising three different full-field digital mammography (FFDM) systems has presented many challenges to the implementation of the European guidelines for physico-technical quality assurance (QA) testing. An analysis of the QA results collected from the FFDM systems in the screening programme over a 2-y period indicates that the three different systems have similar QA performances. Generally, the same tests were failed by all systems and failure rates were low. The findings provide some assurance that the QA guidelines are being correctly implemented. They also suggest that there is more scope for the development of the relevance of the guidelines with respect to modern FFDM systems. This study has also shown that a summary review of the QA data can be achieved by simple organisation of the QA data storage and by automation of data query and retrieval using commonly available software. PMID:23173219

McCullagh, J; Keavey, E; Egan, G; Phelan, N

2012-11-21

451

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13

452

The application of quality assurance to engineering management  

SciTech Connect

The need for quality in the products that our industries produce has long been recognized and accepted. In recent years it has also been recognized that the concern for quality must also be applied to the raw materials going into the products and to the processes used to produce them. Only very recently has it been recognized that the same concern for quality must be applied during the engineering processes that precede the manufacturing phase of the product cycle. For this idea to be understood and accepted by the engineering community, it will be necessary to apply these same concepts of quality to the engineering-management function. This paper describes a systems-analysis-based approach of quality assurance that provides a simple, straightforward process for determining which outputs from the various management tasks are significant. It also relates what can and should be tracked and evaluated and who is responsible. The process has four aspects: system description, planning, execution, and evaluation. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Kidd, G.J. Jr. (Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, TN (USA))

1989-04-01

453

Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan Project (QAPP) W-211 Initial Tank Retrieval Systems (ITRS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program is implemented by CH2M HILL Hanford Group Inc (CHG) for managing the Initial Tank Retrieval Systems (ITRS), Project W-211. This QAPP is responsive to the CHG Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) (LMH-MP-599) which provides direction for compliance to 10 CFR 830 120, ''Nuclear Safety

2000-01-01

454

The role of field auditing in environmental quality assurance management.  

PubMed

Environmental data quality improvement continues to focus on analytical laboratoryperformance with little, if any, attention given to improving the performance of field consultants responsible for sample collection. Many environmental professionals often assume that the primary opportunity for data error lies within the activities conducted by the laboratory. Experience in the evaluation of environmental data and project-wide quality assurance programs indicates that an often-ignored factor affecting environmental data quality is the manner in which a sample is acquired and handled in the field. If a sample is not properly collected, preserved, stored, and transported in the field, even the best laboratory practices and analytical methods cannot deliver accurate and reliable data (i.e., bad data in equals bad data out). Poor quality environmental data may result in inappropriate decisions regarding site characterization and remedial action. Field auditing is becoming an often-employed technique for examining the performance of the environmental sampling field team and how their performance may affect data quality. The field audits typically focus on: (1) verifying that field consultants adhere to project control documents (e.g., Work Plans and Standard Operating Procedures [SOPs]) during field operations; (2) providing third-party independent assurance that field procedures, quality assurance/ quality control (QA/QC)protocol, and field documentation are sufficient to produce data of satisfactory quality; (3) providing a defense in the event that field procedures are called into question; and (4) identifying ways to reduce sampling costs. Field audits are typically most effective when performed on a surprise basis; that is, the sampling contractor may be aware that a field audit will be conducted during some phase of sampling activities but is not informed of the specific day(s) that the audit will be conducted. The audit also should be conducted early on in the sampling program such that deficiencies noted during the audit can be addressed before the majority of field activities have been completed. A second audit should be performed as a follow-up to confirm that the recommended changes have been implemented. A field auditor is assigned to the project by matching, as closely as possible, the auditor's experience with the type of field activities being conducted. The auditor uses a project-specific field audit checklist developed from key information contained in project control documents. Completion of the extensive audit checklist during the audit focuses the auditor on evaluating each aspect of field activities being performed. Rather than examine field team performance after sampling, a field auditor can do so while the samples are being collected and can apply real-time corrective action as appropriate. As a result of field audits, responsible parties often observe vast improvements in their consultant's field procedures and, consequently, receive more reliable and representative field data at a lower cost. The cost savings and improved data quality that result from properly completed field audits make the field auditing process both cost-effective and functional. PMID:12008887

Claycomb, D R

455

NATIONAL SURFACE WATER SURVEY: EASTERN LAKE SURVEY (PHASE 1 - SYNOPTIC CHEMISTRY). QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides an overview of the quality assurance activities and results of the Eastern Lake Survey - Phase I. The quality assurance program used a combination of blank, duplicate, and audit samples to provide an external check on the data quality of 32 physiochemical para...

456

Analytical Chemistry Laboratory Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Transuranic Waste Characterization Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPJP) specifies the quality of data necessary and the characterization techniques employed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to meet the objectives of the Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) requirements. This QAPJP is written to conform with the requirements and guidelines specified

Sailer

1996-01-01

457

THE IMPORTANCE OF A SUCCESSFUL QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) PROGRAM FROM A RESEARCH MANAGER'S PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

One responsibility of an EPA research manager is to ensure that data from research projects are acquired, processed, and reported in accordace with Quality Assurance (QA) requirements established by the Agency. To meet this reponsibility, the research manager should understand Agency QA requirements, require an appropriate, effective Quality Assurance program to ensure that data are of known and acceptable quality

Wade H. Ponder

2002-01-01

458

Department of Energy hazardous waste remedial actions program: Quality assurance program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the Quality Assurance Program developed for the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program Support Contractor Office (HAZWRAP SCO). Key topics discussed include an overview of the HAZWRAP SCO mission and organization, the basic quality assurance program requirements and the requirements for the control of quality for the Department of Energy and Work for Others hazardous waste management programs,

Horne

1988-01-01

459

Marketing aspects of quality assurance systems : The organic food sector case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the effect of quality assurance systems on business performance and subsequently, how a quality assurance system can be utilized as a determinant factor of a firm's marketing strategy, especially for the organic food sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on literature and the quality theory, the following subjects are examined: the types

Kontogeorgos Achilleas; Semos Anastasios

2008-01-01

460

Quality assurance handbook for air pollution measurement systems. Volume III. Stationary source specific methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on stationary source emission measurements. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the stationary source emission measurement program, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. These common parameters are discussed in Section 3.0 of Volume III and include quality assurance guidelines in the areas of: (1) planning

D. J. von Lehmden; W. G. DeWees; C. Nelson

1979-01-01

461

Quality assurance handbook for air pollution measurement systems. Volume II. Ambient air specific methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on ambient air measurement systems. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the ambient air measurement system, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. These common parameters are discussed in Section 2.0 of Volume II and include quality assurance guidelines in the areas of: (1) Sampling site

D. J. von Lehmden; C. Nelson

1977-01-01

462

Software quality assurance for safety analysis and risk management at the Savannah River Site  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of its Reactor Operations Improvement Program at the Savannah River Site (SRS), Westinghouse Savannah River Company (WSRC), in cooperation with the Westinghouse Hanford Company, has developed and implemented quality assurance for safety-related software for technical programs essential to the safety and reliability of reactor operations. More specifically, the quality assurance process involved the development and implementation of quality

M. J. Ades; H. Toffer; R. D. Crowe

1991-01-01

463

A "Quality Revolution" Constrained? A Critical Reflection on Quality Assurance Methodology from the South African Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts a brief meta-reflection on quality assurance policy and practice in South African higher education, with a focus on methodology. More specifically it seeks to answer the question "What are the effects of the Higher Education Quality Committee's (HEQC) quality assurance technologies on institutional practice and how could they…

Luckett, Kathy

2010-01-01

464

BOMAB phantom manufacturing quality assurance study using Monte Carlo computations  

SciTech Connect

Monte Carlo calculations have been performed to assess the importance of and quantify quality assurance protocols in the manufacturing of the Bottle-Manikin-Absorption (BOMAB) phantom for calibrating in vivo measurement systems. The parameters characterizing the BOMAB phantom that were examined included height, fill volume, fill material density, wall thickness, and source concentration. Transport simulation was performed for monoenergetic photon sources of 0.200, 0.662, and 1,460 MeV. A linear response was observed in the photon current exiting the exterior surface of the BOMAB phantom due to variations in these parameters. Sensitivity studies were also performed for an in vivo system in operation at the Pacific Northwest Laboratories in Richland, WA. Variations in detector current for this in vivo system are reported for changes in the BOMAB phantom parameters studied here. Physical justifications for the observed results are also discussed.

Mallett, M.W.

1994-01-01

465

Evaluation of a clinically intuitive quality assurance method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a pressing need for clinically intuitive quality assurance methods that report metrics of relevance to the likely impact on tumor control of normal tissue injury. This paper presents a preliminary investigation into the accuracy of a novel "transform method" which enables a clinically relevant analysis through dose-volume-histograms (DVHs) and dose overlays on the patient's CT data. The transform method was tested by inducing a series of known mechanical and delivery errors onto simulated 3D dosimetry measurements of six different head-and-neck IMRT treatment plans. Accuracy was then examined through the comparison of the transformed patient dose distributions and the known actual patient dose distributions through dose-volume histograms and normalized dose difference analysis. Through these metrics, the transform method was found to be highly accurate in predicting measured patient dose distributions for these types of errors.

Norris, H.; Thomas, A.; Oldham, M.

2013-06-01

466

Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: The First Five Exercises  

PubMed Central

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Program participants measure concentrations of active and/or marker compounds as well as nutritional and toxic elements in food and dietary supplements distributed by NIST. Data are compiled at NIST, where they are analyzed for accuracy relative to reference values and concordance among the participants. Performance reports and certificates of completion are provided to participants, which can be used to demonstrate compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices as promulgated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The DSQAP has conducted five exercises to date, with total participation including more than 75 different laboratories and many more individual analysts.

Phillips, Melissa M.; Rimmer, Catherine A.; Wood, Laura J.; Lippa, Katrice A.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Duewer, David L.; Sander, Lane C.; Betz, Joseph M.

2011-01-01

467

Quality Assurance Plan, Project H-791 Confinement Hydrogen Mitigation System  

SciTech Connect

This project consists of a combination of (4) Sub-Systems. (1) The 105N/109N Mixing Sub-System will transfer air from the inlet pipe space to the pressurizer penthouse to reduce local accumulations of hydrogen. (2) The Nitrogen Purge/Post-Event Inerting Sub-System provides for both rapid inerting of confinement and purging to prevent long term accumulation of hydrogen. (3) The Pipe Break Location Monitoring Sub-System to detect the temperature transient caused by a major pipe break. (4) The Emergency Generator Sub-System will provide emergency electrical power to both the Mitigation and the Monitoring Systems. This document describes the quality assurance plan for this project.

Arntzen, M.C.

1988-06-01

468

[Current appraisal of external quality assurance procedures in geriatric rehabilitation].  

PubMed

Seven standardized external quality assurance (QA) procedures are currently being applied in geriatric rehabilitation in Germany. Five of these procedures are case-based (Gemidas, GiB-DAT, KODAS, EVA-Reha, Evaluation Procedures of the Medical Review Board of Saxony), and two are institution-based (Quality Seal for Geriatric Rehabilitation in Rhineland-Palatinate, Quality Seal for Geriatrics BAG KGE). The institution-based procedures focus on the quality dimensions "structure" and "process", whereas the case-based procedures mainly focus on the collection of administrative data, and to a limited extent on the quality dimensions "outcomes" and "patient satisfaction". The outcome quality parameters used in the case-based QA procedures are usually the "place of discharge" versus the "place of residence", the "improvement in coping with daily activities" (mostly based on the Barthel Index), and the "improvement in mobility and gait" (based on the Timed Up & Go). So far, outcomes to be specified at the beginning of rehabilitation measures have only been defined in few procedures, and only to a basic degree or on a trial basis. In the institution-based procedures, the data are mainly collected by external data collectors, whereas in the case-based procedures, they are collected by the service providers themselves. In most procedures, data processing and analysis are performed independently of the participating service providers but only partly independently of the agency responsible for the procedure and the whole group of service providers. In the case-based procedures, risk adjustment techniques are not routinely applied in comparisons between institutions. Attempts to implement standardised QA procedures in geriatric rehabilitation may be based on existing procedures and should use this appraisal for developing them further, however taking more into account QA aspects specific to geriatrics. PMID:18247270

Lübke, N; Meinck, M

2008-02-01

469

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public... Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public...dilution: (i) All applicable water quality standards; and (ii) All...

2013-07-01

470

Quality-assurance plan for the Basic Environmental Compliance and Monitoring Program (BECAMP)  

SciTech Connect

This quality-assurance plan (QAP) provides guidance for the preparation of detailed procedures to document the steps and considerations for executing a range of activities from environmental sampling and observations, to data archiving, reporting, and dose assessment calculations. The QAP is administered and updated by the quality-assurance principal investigator as a management tool to track the progress of the tasks of the Basic Environmental Compliance and Monitoring Program. Proper execution of the quality-assurance program assures that methodology and data are defensible and usable for such activities as cleanup and treatment and for dose assessment calculations of radionuclides at the Nevada Test Site. 1 fig.

Essington, E.H.

1989-09-01

471

Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) provides the overall quality assurance (QA) program requirements and general quality practices to be applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) Sub-Project (hereafter the Sub-Project) activities. The requirements in this QAPP are consistent with DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE, 2005); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans for Modeling (EPA, 2002); and EPA Guidance on the Development, Evaluation, and Application of Environmental Models (EPA, 2009). The QAPP Revision 0 supersedes DOE--341, Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 4.

Irene Farnham

2011-05-01

472

Quality-assurance\\/quality-control issues in open-path FTIR monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although much effort has been directed toward developing quality assurance\\/quality control procedures in open-path Fourier transform infrared (OP\\/FTIR) monitoring, many issues remain unresolved. Despite efforts in this area, there are still no universally accepted procedures for determining the accuracy and precision of OP\\/FTIR data. When the concentrations of atmospheric species are measured over a long, open path, several factors can

George M. Russwurm; Jeffrey W. Childers

1997-01-01

473

Challenges in quality of environmental measurements for compliance  

SciTech Connect

Quality systems development in environmental measurements for compliance with regulatory requirements for nuclear and other contaminants in the environment is one of the major challenges in current technology disciplines. Efforts to fulfill the mission and objectives of funded projects will not be successful on a timely and cost-effective schedule without adequate plans and credible action for the protection of workers, facilities, and the public in environment, safety, and health aspects. This can be accomplished through quality assurance planning and implementation of an effective, controlled environmental measurements program.

White, M.G.

1994-04-07

474

The Impact of the Bologna Process on the Development of the Greek Quality Assurance System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Greece, an EU-member state since 1981, lagged behind other European countries in the development of a national quality assurance system. This article charts the route to the establishment of a quality assurance system in Greece. While national evaluation and accreditation systems were established in most European countries during the mid-1980s…

Asderaki, Foteini

2009-01-01

475

Will the Sun Rise Tomorrow? Quality Assurance and the Future of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992 the government of New South Wales, Australia, announced its commitment to a program of quality-assurance reviews of schools. The New South Wales school system plans to implement a quality-assurance system, which is process-based on the following: a primary focus on student learning, clear and shared direction, focused involvement and…

Cuttance, Peter

476

Project specific quality assurance plan for Project W-178, 219-S secondary containment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope of this Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is to provide a system of Quality Assurance reviews and verifications on the design, procurement and construction of the 219-S Secondary Containment Upgrade. The reviews and verifications will be on activities associated with design, procurement, and construction of the Secondary Containment Upgrade which includes, but is not limited to demolition, removal,

Buckles

1994-01-01

477

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Which Pasts to Build On, What Futures to Contemplate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper is a reflection on the pasts and futures of quality assurance in higher education. It poses questions about the correlation between the geographical and political spread of quality assurance on the one hand and the resulting educational benefits on the other; about the divergences between critics and practitioners on the likely impacts…

Singh, Mala

2010-01-01

478

Terminology of Quality Assurance: Towards Shared European Values? ENQA Occasional Papers 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this publication ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) has taken the opportunity to bring together two distinct but related reports. Part 1 examines the language of European quality assurance. It grew out of the debates and discussions at an ENQA workshop in Warwick in June 2006. The success of the workshop…

Crozier, Fiona; Curvale, Bruno; Dearlove, Rachel; Helle, Emmi; Henard, Fabrice

2006-01-01

479

A Model Program for Quality Assurance in Community Mental Health Centers Within DHEW Region X.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Community Mental Health Amendments of 1975 (P. 94-63, Title III) require the development of quality assurance programs by CMHC's. This study resulted in the development of a practical model for quality assurance type activities within CMHC's. An exten...

1976-01-01

480

Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

Haapakorpi, Arja

2011-01-01

481

Creating an Impetus for Institutional Analysis in South America: Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Institutional research (IR) in Latin America is experiencing dramatic growth due, in no small measure, to the need for quality assurance in educational institutions developing trained workforces for emerging economies. Quality can be assured only where it can be measured, and that is at the core of institutional research in countries to the south…

Middaugh, Michael; Silva, Moises; Ramirez, Soledad; Reich, Ricardo

2008-01-01

482

Creating an Impetus for Institutional Analysis in South America: Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional research (IR) in Latin America is experiencing dramatic growth due, in no small measure, to the need for quality assurance in educational institutions developing trained workforces for emerging economies. Quality can be assured only where it can be measured, and that is at the core of institutional research in countries to the south…

Middaugh, Michael; Silva, Moises; Ramirez, Soledad; Reich, Ricardo

2008-01-01

483

Quality Assurance in Higher Education--Meta-Evaluation of Multi-Stage Evaluation Procedures in Germany  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systematic procedures for quality assurance and improvement through evaluation have been in place in Western Europe since the mid 1980s and in Germany since the mid 1990s. As studies in Europe and beyond show that multi-stage evaluation procedures as the main quality assurance instrument for evaluation of teaching and learning in higher education…

Bornmann, L.; Mittag, S.; Danie, H.-D.

2006-01-01

484

Recognition and quality assurance in LIS : New approaches for lifelong learning in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The term “lifelong learning” is used for combining formal, informal and non-formal education and training, with a reconsideration of professional recognition and quality assurance processes. The objectives of the article are to demonstrate the need of cooperation in quality assurance and recognition between higher education institutions and vocational education and training accreditors, with particular focus on exchange of

Anna Maria Tammaro

2005-01-01

485

Quality Assurance in Higher Education. Proceedings of an International Conference (Hong Kong, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings presents 17 papers which examine quality assurance and evaluation in higher education, including methodologies, procedures, and ideas from various nations. The papers include: (1) "Quality Assurance in Higher Education" (Malcolm Frazer); (2) "Academic Standards Panels in Australia" (Kwong Lee Dow); (3) "The French…

Craft, Alma

486

Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was a cross-cultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a…

Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

2011-01-01

487

The evidence for a risk-based approach to Australian higher education regulation and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the nascent field of risk management in higher education, which is of particular relevance in Australia currently, as the Commonwealth Government implements its plans for a risk-based approach to higher education regulation and quality assurance. The literature outlines the concept of risk management and risk-based approaches to quality assurance across numerous private and public sector environments, primarily

Fleur Edwards

2012-01-01

488

Quality Assurance and Qualifications Frameworks: Exchanging Good Practice. ENQA Workshop Report 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of qualifications frameworks and their relation to quality assurance is gaining urgency in the European scene as more and more countries are completing their national qualifications frameworks and quality assurance agencies need to take important decisions on how to implement them. Some of the key features of the qualifications…

Blomqvist, Carita; Donohoe, Tony; Kelo, Maria; Linde, Karin Jarplid; Llavori, Rafael; Maguire, Bryan; Metz, David; Sanchez, Teresa

2012-01-01

489

Quality-assurance plan for the Basic Environmental Compliance and Monitoring Program (BECAMP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This quality-assurance plan (QAP) provides guidance for the preparation of detailed procedures to document the steps and considerations for executing a range of activities from environmental sampling and observations, to data archiving, reporting, and dose assessment calculations. The QAP is administered and updated by the quality-assurance principal investigator as a management tool to track the progress of the tasks of

Essington

1989-01-01

490

Postoperative pain management—impact of quality assurance and audit documentation on clinical outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Progress in postoperative clinical pain assessment and management is not only dependent on optimal choice of analgesic drugs and techniques but also of quality assurance of the clinical routines, i.e. the overall organization of the acute pain services. Proper revision of present routines on the basis of accepted quality assurance standards and practice guidelines on pain management is an essential

M Warrén Stomberg; H Haljamäe

2003-01-01

491

First External Evaluations of Quality Assurance Agencies--Lessons Learned. ENQA Workshop Report 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminar on the first external evaluations of quality assurance agencies, held in Paris in July 2008. The seminar took stock of the achieved reviews of agencies to learn lessons from these first outcomes and, hence, provided a platform for…

Costes, Nathalie; Curvale, Bruno; Kraft, Michael G.; Llavori, Rafael; Malan, Thierry; Szanto, Tibor

2010-01-01

492

Quality Assurance in Support of Energy Related Monitoring Activities. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This summary describes and summarizes the activities and achievements of the program entitled Quality Assurance in Support of Energy Related Activities. The activities reported cover the period from July 13, 1976 to December 31, 1980. The purpose of this program was to establish a quality assurance program to provide a data base for ambient air monitoring in specified geographical areas

M. Cher; M. Lev-On

1982-01-01

493

A review and evaluation of China's quality assurance system for tour guiding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of China's tour guiding quality assurance system as an instrument for sustainable tourism. It notes the importance of China's 131,000 tour guides for inbound, outbound and domestic tourism. China's tour guiding quality assurance and regulatory mechanisms are then reviewed, including qualification examination, licensing, professional certification, training, awards for excellence, professional associations and codes of conduct.

Songshan Huang; Betty Weiler

2010-01-01

494

Do Too Many Rights Make a Wrong? A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of a Sample of Malaysian and Singapore Private Higher Education Providers in Transnational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assuring the quality of transnational education has been an endeavour of increasing importance in the internationalisation of higher education but is also increasingly challenging given the involvement of many stakeholders. This paper focuses on the experiences of and challenges faced by private tertiary education providers in Malaysia and…

Lim, Fion Choon Boey

2010-01-01

495

Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Experimental-Waste Characterization Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) identifies the quality of data necessary to meet the specific objectives associated with the Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Experimental-Waste Characterization Program (the Program)...

1991-01-01

496

Biomedical Test Materials Program: Analytical Methods for the Quality Assurance of Fish Oil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The compilation of methods contained in the manual represent the standard methods utilized by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Fish Oil Biomedical Test Materials (BTM) Program to conduct quality assurance and quality control. Many of the metho...

F. M. Van Dolah S. B. Galloway

1988-01-01

497

Establishment and Results of a Magnetic Resonance Quality Assurance Program for the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium  

PubMed Central

Rationale and Objectives: Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is used to assess brain tumor response to therapies and a MR quality assurance program is necessary for multicenter clinical trials employing imaging. This study was performed to determine overall variability of quantitative image metrics measured with the American College of Radiology (ACR) phantom among 11 sites participating in the Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium (PBTC) Neuroimaging Center (NIC) MR quality assurance (MR QA) program. Materials and Methods An MR QA program was implemented among 11 participating PBTC sites and quarterly evaluations of scanner performance for seven imaging metrics defined by the ACR were sought and subject to statistical evaluation over a 4.5 year period. Overall compliance with the QA program, means, standard deviations and coefficients of variation (CV) for the quantitative imaging metrics were evaluated. Results Quantitative measures of the seven imaging metrics were generally within ACR recommended guidelines for all sites. Compliance improved as the study progressed. Inter-site variabilities as gauged by coefficients of variation (CV) for slice thickness and geometric accuracy, imaging parameters that influence size and/or positioning measurements in tumor studies, were on the order of 10 % and 1% respectively. Conclusion Although challenging to establish, MR QA programs within the context of PBTC multi-site clinical trials when based on the ACR MR phantom program can a) indicate sites performing below acceptable image quality levels and b) establish levels of precision through instrumental variabilities that are relevant to quantitative image analyses, e.g. tumor volume changes.

Mulkern, Robert V.; Forbes, Peter; Dewey, Kevin; Osganian, Stravoula; Clark, Maureen; Wong, Sharon; Ramamurthy, Uma; Kun, Larry; Poussaint, Tina Young

2008-01-01

498

Southern California Air Quality Study: Quality-assurance program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The methods and results of the Quality Assurance Program for the Southern California Air Quality Study (SCAQS) are described. The QA program included reviews of each participants standard operational and quality control procedures and on-site system audits prior to and during the field study. Performance audits included: continuous CO, SO{sub 2}, O{sub 3}, NOx, and THC analyzers, meteorological instruments; flow rates for the SCAQS aerosol samplers, nephelometers, and carbonyl samplers; and analysis of ion chemistry. In addition, laboratory comparison studies were coordinated for elemental analysis, speciated hydrocarbons, light absorption and peroxyacetyl nitrate.

Collins, J.; Fuijita, E.

1989-11-30

499

Photolithographic techniques for Surface Acoustic Wave (SAW) devices. Volume 5: Quality assurance plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hughes Aircraft Company Ground Systems Group Quality System is designed to meet and implement the requirements outlined in MIL-Q-9858A, Quality Program Requirements. Procedures described establish effective organizations, programs and practices to assure timely and economic implementation of company quality objectives and attainment of product quality consistent with contractual quality commitments. A description is given of the procedure to be

A. W. Dozier

1978-01-01

500

Commissioning experience and quality assurance of helical tomotherapy machines  

PubMed Central

A helical tomotherapy machine combines a straight 6 MV linear accelerator mounted on a ring gantry with CT technology for image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment. A fan beam created by the collimator and jaws produces a maximum of 40 × 5 cm2 field size at the isocenter. The gantry and hence the fan beam rotates at a constant speed while the couch moves linearly into the gantry bore, thus producing a helical delivery. The beam is modulated by a 64-leaf binary multileaf collimator (MLC), which enables IMRT treatment. The linac can be operated at a lower voltage (3.5 MV) and dose rate to produce megavoltage CT images, which are used for image-guided patient setup. We have installed two such units since 2004 and treated more than 2000 patients. The machine comes “precommissioned” from the manufacturer, and the beam characteristics and IMRT plans on phantom are measured and compared with manufacturer's data after acceptance tests are performed on site. Our experience with commissioning the machines and periodic quality assurance with tolerance limits for optimal performance are described.

Sen, Amarjit; West, Matthew K.

2009-01-01