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1

European Approaches to Quality Assurance: Models, Characteristics and Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines models, characteristics, and challenges of quality assurance in higher education in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, France, Finland, Italy, and Spain. Notes a common move toward institutional autonomy and output oriented steering, and the absence of accreditation procedures comparable to those in Anglo-Saxon countries. Finds…

van Damme, D.

2000-01-01

2

Teaching European Studies Online: The Challenge of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will be looking into the issue of quality assurance in online learning from the perspective of the e-learning tool developed by the Institute for European Studies in Brussels--the E-modules. The E-modules have been designed with the purpose of offering a structured and interactive way of learning how the European Union functions. As…

Mihai, Alexandra

2009-01-01

3

Quality Assurance for Public Higher Education: Context, Strategies and Challenges in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance (QA) mechanisms used to be highly dependent on national administrative traditions but nowadays there is a convergence of mechanisms. Compared to more developed higher education (HE) systems in the world, QA systems in Africa are still at an infant stage and thus confronted by many challenges. The purpose of this article is to…

Odhiambo, George O.

2014-01-01

4

THE CHALLENGE OF QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR EMISSION FLUX MEASUREMENTS OF LARGE AREA SOURCES BY OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper examines the quality assurance challenges associated with open path Fourier transform infrared (OPFTIR) measurements of large area pollution sources with plume reconstruction by computed tomography (CT) and how each challenge may be met. Traditionally, pollutant concent...

5

Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan documents the quality assurance activities for the Wastewater/Stormwater/Groundwater and Environmental Surveillance Programs. This QAPP was prepared in accordance with DOE guidance on compliance with 10CFR830.120.

Holland, R. C.

1998-06-01

6

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

7

Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy Planning Systems: Current Status and Remaining Challenges  

SciTech Connect

Computerized radiation therapy planning systems (RTPSs) are pivotal for treatment planning. The acceptance, commissioning, and quality control of RTPSs are uniquely complex and are described in the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group Report 53 (1998) and International Atomic Energy Agency Technical Report Series No. 430 (2004). The International Atomic Energy Agency also developed a document and data package for use by vendors and purchasers to aid with acceptance testing of RTPSs. This document is based on International Electrotechnical Commission standard 62083 (2000) and describes both 'type' tests to be performed in the factory and 'site' tests to be performed in the clinic. The American Association of Physicists Task Group Report 67 described benchmark tests for the validation of dose calculation algorithms. Test data are being produced with the backing of the U.S. National Cancer Institute. However, significant challenges remain. Technology keeps evolving rapidly, thus requiring new quality assurance (QA) procedures. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy with its use of inverse optimization has added a new dimension to QA, because the results are not intuitively obvious. New technologies such as real-time ultrasound guidance for brachytherapy, TomoTherapy, and Cyberknife, require their own specialized RTPSs with unique QA requirements. On-line imaging allows for the generation of dose reconstructions using image warping techniques to determine the daily dose delivered to the patient. With increasing computer speeds, real-time reoptimization of treatment plans will become a reality. Gating technologies will require four-dimensional dose calculations to determine the actual dose delivered to tissue voxels. With these rapidly changing technologies, it is essential that a strong QA culture is invoked in every institution implementing these procedures and that new protocols are developed as a part of the clinical implementation process.

Van Dyk, Jacob [Department of Physics and Engineering, London Regional Cancer Program/London Health Sciences Centre, London, ON (Canada); Departments of Oncology, Medical Biophysics, Diagnostic Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, and Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada)], E-mail: jake.vandyk@lhsc.on.ca

2008-05-01

8

The renewal of quality assurance in Australian higher education: the challenge of balancing academic rigour,equity and quality outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The renewal of quality in Australian higher education comes at a time of significant change in the external policy framework. Such changes are timely due to the growth of higher education and the emergence of the quality and equity agenda in the context of ongoing decline in public funding. The article provides an overview of current quality assurance arrangements and

Mahsood Shah; Ione Lewis; Robert Fitzgerald

2011-01-01

9

Quality Assurance Needs for Modern Image-Based Radiotherapy: Recommendations From 2007 Interorganizational Symposium on 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology'  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the consensus findings and recommendations emerging from 2007 Symposium, 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology.' The Symposium was held in Dallas February 20-22, 2007. The 3-day program, which was sponsored jointly by the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and National Cancer Institute (NCI), included >40 invited speakers from the radiation oncology and industrial engineering/human factor communities and attracted nearly 350 attendees, mostly medical physicists. A summary of the major findings follows. The current process of developing consensus recommendations for prescriptive quality assurance (QA) tests remains valid for many of the devices and software systems used in modern radiotherapy (RT), although for some technologies, QA guidance is incomplete or out of date. The current approach to QA does not seem feasible for image-based planning, image-guided therapies, or computer-controlled therapy. In these areas, additional scientific investigation and innovative approaches are needed to manage risk and mitigate errors, including a better balance between mitigating the risk of catastrophic error and maintaining treatment quality, complimenting the current device-centered QA perspective by a more process-centered approach, and broadening community participation in QA guidance formulation and implementation. Industrial engineers and human factor experts can make significant contributions toward advancing a broader, more process-oriented, risk-based formulation of RT QA. Healthcare administrators need to appropriately increase personnel and ancillary equipment resources, as well as capital resources, when new advanced technology RT modalities are implemented. The pace of formalizing clinical physics training must rapidly increase to provide an adequately trained physics workforce for advanced technology RT. The specific recommendations of the Symposium included the following. First, the AAPM, in cooperation with other advisory bodies, should undertake a systematic program to update conventional QA guidance using available risk-assessment methods. Second, the AAPM advanced technology RT Task Groups should better balance clinical process vs. device operation aspects-encouraging greater levels of multidisciplinary participation such as industrial engineering consultants and use-risk assessment and process-flow techniques. Third, ASTRO should form a multidisciplinary subcommittee, consisting of physician, physicist, vendor, and industrial engineering representatives, to better address modern RT quality management and QA needs. Finally, government and private entities committed to improved healthcare quality and safety should support research directed toward addressing QA problems in image-guided therapies.

Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States)], E-mail: jwilliamson@mcvh-vcu.edu; Dunscombe, Peter B. [University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (Canada); Sharpe, Michael B. [Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON (Canada); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Purdy, James A. [University of California-Davis, Sacramento, CA (United States); Deye, James A. [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)

2008-05-01

10

Current Brachytherapy Quality Assurance Guidance: Does It Meet the Challenges of Emerging Image-Guided Technologies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past decade, brachytherapy has shifted from the traditional surgical paradigm to more modern three-dimensional image-based planning and delivery approaches. The role of intraoperative and multimodality image-based planning is growing. Published American Association of Physicists in Medicine, American College of Radiology, European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, and International Atomic Energy Agency quality assurance (QA) guidelines largely emphasize

2008-01-01

11

Clinical Practice and Quality Assurance Challenges in Modern Brachytherapy Sources and Dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

Modern brachytherapy has led to effective treatments through the establishment of broadly applicable dosimetric thresholds for maximizing survival with minimal morbidity. Proper implementation of recent dosimetric consensus statements and quality assurance procedures is necessary to maintain the established level of safety and efficacy. This review classifies issues as either 'systematic' or 'stochastic' in terms of their impact on large groups or individual patients, respectively. Systematic changes affecting large numbers of patients occur infrequently and include changes in source dosimetric parameters, prescribing practice, dose calculation formalism, and improvements in calculation algorithms. The physicist must be aware of how incipient changes accord with previous experience. Stochastic issues involve procedures that are applied to each patient individually. Although ample guidance for quality assurance of brachytherapy sources exists, some ambiguities remain. The latest American Association of Physicists in Medicine guidance clarifies what is meant by independent assay, changes source sampling recommendations, particularly for sources in sterile strands and sterile preassembled needles, and modifies action level thresholds. The changing environment of brachytherapy has not changed the fact that the prime responsibility for quality assurance in brachytherapy lies with the institutional medical physicist.

Butler, Wayne M. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)], E-mail: wbutler@wheelinghospital.com; Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Hospital and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)

2008-05-01

12

Quality assurance for IPTV  

Microsoft Academic Search

A tool designed to perform quality assurance on IPTV encoded assets is presented. The tool works on stored MPEG-2 transport stream files and combines a powerful graphical-user-interface with automatic no-reference detectors to handle video quality, audio and field-ordering issues. The tool provides automatic quality assurance of assets before they are made available for streaming and replaces the need for exhaustive

Andrew G. Davis; Damien Bayart; David S. Hands

2009-01-01

13

Software quality assurance handbook  

SciTech Connect

There are two important reasons for Software Quality Assurance (SQA) at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD): First, the benefits from SQA make good business sense. Second, the Department of Energy has requested SQA. This handbook is one of the first steps in a plant-wide implementation of Software Quality Assurance at KCD. The handbook has two main purposes. The first is to provide information that you will need to perform software quality assurance activities. The second is to provide a common thread to unify the approach to SQA at KCD. 2 figs.

Not Available

1990-09-01

14

RUNWAY OPERATIONAL QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

RUNWAY OPERATIONAL QUALITY ASSURANCE MELANIE BAKER, DARIC MEGERSA & ALFONSO PANLILIO Sponsors: Dr on capacity (27 out of 35 airports ) which will lead to an increase in congestion on runways http direct way to increase capacity is by adding more runways This is not feasible due to several factors

15

Quality Assurance for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

2010-01-01

16

Automated Software Quality Assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a family of tools which not only supports software development, but also assures the quality of each software product from the requirements definition to the integrated system. It is based upon an explicit definition of the design objectives and includes specification verification, design evaluation, static program analysis, dynamic program analysis, integration test auditing, and configuration management.

Harry M. Sneed; András Mérey

1985-01-01

17

The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

Bolivar, S.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Day, J.L. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., NM (United States)

1993-03-01

18

Secondary School Headteachers' Quality Assurance Strategies and Challenges in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The desire to provide quality education for all Kenyan children was one of the major objectives of the struggle for independence. The government is currently implementing measures to improve the quality of education in secondary schools. The Kenya Education Staff Institute is strengthening capacities of education managers and reviewing staffing…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, A. Benjamin; Oburu, Paul Odhiambo

2010-01-01

19

Quality Assurance schemes.  

PubMed

This paper considers the consumer's changing definition of quality in relation to meat and the current development of Quality Assurance (QA) schemes to ensure that certain quality standards are met. The key ingredients of QA schemes are food safety, animal welfare and sensory aspects (meat quality) although the latter is not a major feature of many schemes at present. For each of these components, points in the production-processing chain where problems can arise should be identified and control procedures introduced. Monitoring is required to check the effectiveness of these. This approach is based on HACCP principles although best practice rules are the basis of most current QA schemes. The paper identifies key points on the farm and in the abattoir where food safety, animal welfare and meat quality can be compromised and shows how best practice procedures are introduced to reliably raise standards. There is some concern about the credibility of some QA schemes in relation to the standards set, the strictness of inspection and especially the impartiality of auditing procedures. This may be ensured in schemes within Europe which comply with EN 45011 standards. The move towards more tightly regulated QA schemes to raise consumer confidence could benefit some traditional products and organic meat production schemes which already operate with strict specifications. PMID:22060711

Wood, J D; Holder, J S; Main, D C

1998-01-01

20

Saving Quality from Quality Assurance. Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The word 'quality' has become a 'central term in the lexicon of contemporary higher education and a major point of interest to various interest groups'. As quality assurance systems have developed around the world, certain assumptions are becoming alarmingly widespread: for example that quality assurance is new to higher education, that quality

Stephenson, Sandra L.

2004-01-01

21

Recent Trends in Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present a brief description of the evolution of quality assurance in Europe, paying particular attention to its relationship to the rising loss of trust in higher education institutions. We finalise by analysing the role of the European Commission in the setting up of new quality assurance mechanisms that tend to promote…

Amaral, Alberto; Rosa, Maria Joao

2010-01-01

22

Quality assurance of chemical measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author's 57 years of experience at the National Bureau of Standards include the development and coordination of quality assurance programs. The author has also presented a short course on the subject more than 70 times. Taylor provides a readable treatment of the philosophy of quality assurance and describes the elements and tools needed to assess the reliability of analytical

J. K. Taylor

1987-01-01

23

Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebooks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes that are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, NASA-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the NASA concepts and practices in software assurance. Second level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the second level Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebook that describes software quality assurance audits in a way that is compatible with practices at NASA Centers.

1990-01-01

24

R D software quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Research software quality assurance (QA) requirements must be adequate to strengthen development or modification objectives, but flexible enough not to restrict creativity. Application guidelines are needed for the different kinds of research and development (R D) software activities to assure project objectives are achieved.

Hood, F.C.

1991-10-01

25

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in Australian Higher Education: The Challenge of Balancing Academic Rigour, Equity and Quality Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The renewal of quality in Australian higher education comes at a time of significant change in the external policy framework. Such changes are timely due to the growth of higher education and the emergence of the quality and equity agenda in the context of ongoing decline in public funding. The article provides an overview of current quality

Shah, Mahsood; Lewis, Ione; Fitzgerald, Robert

2011-01-01

26

Internal Quality Assurance Reviews: Challenges and Processes--Walter Sisulu University's Business, Management Sciences and Law Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council for Higher Educations' (CHE) Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC) requires internal quality evaluations to be performed on the various programmes offered by the Faculty before visitation by the HEQC. This article examines some of the challenges and processes followed by six of the departments of Walter Sisulu University's Faculty…

Moodly, A.; Saunderson, I.

2008-01-01

27

Thoughts on Internal and External Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance of higher education is made up of two parts: internal quality assurance (IQA) and external quality assurance (EQA). Both belong to a union of the coexistence and balance of yin and yang. But in reality there exists a paradox of "confusion of quality assurance (QA) subject consciousness, singularity of social QA and lack of QA…

Zhang, Jianxin

2012-01-01

28

Quality Assurance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality in…

Villemaire, Lorry

29

Process chemistry {ampersand} statistics quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for Process Chemistry and Statistics. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing process chemistry activities.

Meznarich, H.K.

1996-08-01

30

Online Learning and Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More and more we are seeing the online medium being used to deliver teacher training, and the need for effective evaluation strategies for these programs is crucial. This study investigated the impact of instituting a well-structured quality-assurance process for monitoring a large-scale, statewide online professional development model: "Florida…

Zygouris-Coe, Vicky; Swan, Bonnie; Ireland, Janine

2009-01-01

31

The Quality of Quality Assurance Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces some aspects of the growth over the last 20 years in the number of quality assurance agencies in higher education, that is, organisations with some responsibility for the quality of teaching, research and other activities in higher education institutions. Initially, staff of these agencies were largely amateurs in the field, and…

Woodhouse, David

2004-01-01

32

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2012-01-01

33

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2011-01-01

34

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2010-01-01

35

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2014-01-01

36

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2013-01-01

37

Skoll: Distributed Continuous Quality Assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance (QA) tasks, such as testing, profiling,and performance evaluation, have historically been donein-house on developer-generated workloads and regressionsuites. Since this approach is inadequate for many systems,tools and processes are being developed to improve softwarequality by increasing user participation in the QA process.A limitation of these approaches is that they focus onisolated mechanisms, not on the coordination and controlpolicies and

Atif M. Memon; Adam A. Porter; Cemal Yilmaz; Adithya Nagarajan; Douglas C. Schmidt; Balachandran Natarajan

2004-01-01

38

Assuring Residential Quality: Issues, Approaches and Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report begins with discussion of several issues in the field of quality assurance in residential services for individuals with developmental disabilities. The issues include definitions of key terms, the role of ideology, major types of quality assurance, and dimensions of quality assurance. The report takes the position that primary values…

Bersani, Hank A., Jr.

39

Radiology quality assurance: a clinical perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The traditional quality assurance programs in a radiology department will undergo a significant transformation as we introduce new technologies with computers such as PACS. A well designed quality assurance program will help assure that these new technologies are used effectively to improve our ability to manage our departments and provide quality care for our patients.

Arenson, Ronald L.

1992-05-01

40

Quality assurance in a large reference laboratory.  

PubMed

The success of a quality assurance system is contingent on close adherence to each protocol, from preparation of the patient to issuance of the final result. In the event that the system experiences failures at any point, the quality of laboratory data may be jeopardized. Again, the system requires support not just from management and personnel employed at the technical level, but from the entire organization. It requires a complete commitment to quality and to the provision of a high level of service. Such quality assurance programs have been highly successful in the manufacturing industry. For an example, one need look no further than the domination of certain world markets by Japanese industries. Their commitment to quality and their system-wide quality control efforts have been essential to the success and growth of their organizations. Currently, systems that provide high levels of quality assurance are under scrutiny in an effort to reduce costs. As more effort is placed into monitoring an organization's quality, the expenditure of non-revenue producing dollars increases. A large organization should question these expenditures. However, when evaluating such a program, it should be realized that the costs associated with the pursuit of quality are often offset by savings realized through improved processes. Further, quality is a salable commodity. Its lack may be costly. According to Westgard et al., costs of quality can be grouped into prevention costs, appraisal costs, and failure costs. Prevention costs include those costs incurred through the development of sound analytic procedures and adequate training of technical personnel. Appraisal costs comprise those costs incurred as a result of challenging the analytic procedure as well as the entire system. Failure costs represent the dollars spent when out-of-control assays have to be repeated. An important step in evaluating potential savings produced by a quality control program is assigning a dollar value to the cost of repeating an assay. In general, as the quality of an organization's product increases, the expense of providing the product decreases. Likewise, as productivity increases, the cost of testing decreases. Increased quality and productivity provide a higher percentage of profit. As the profitability of an organization increases, the additional resources required to investigate new methods, themselves a valuable contribution to quality assurance, are provided.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:3791912

Belyus, P S; Burgess, T E; Walsh, P R

1986-12-01

41

Assurance Technology Challenges of Advanced Space Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The initiative to explore space and extend a human presence across our solar system to revisit the moon and Mars post enormous technological challenges to the nation's space agency and aerospace industry. Key areas of technology development needs to enable the endeavor include advanced materials, structures and mechanisms; micro/nano sensors and detectors; power generation, storage and management; advanced thermal and cryogenic control; guidance, navigation and control; command and data handling; advanced propulsion; advanced communication; on-board processing; advanced information technology systems; modular and reconfigurable systems; precision formation flying; solar sails; distributed observing systems; space robotics; and etc. Quality assurance concerns such as functional performance, structural integrity, radiation tolerance, health monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance, calibration, and initialization can affect the performance of systems and subsystems. It is thus imperative to employ innovative nondestructive evaluation methodologies to ensure quality and integrity of advanced space systems. Advancements in integrated multi-functional sensor systems, autonomous inspection approaches, distributed embedded sensors, roaming inspectors, and shape adaptive sensors are sought. Concepts in computational models for signal processing and data interpretation to establish quantitative characterization and event determination are also of interest. Prospective evaluation technologies include ultrasonics, laser ultrasonics, optics and fiber optics, shearography, video optics and metrology, thermography, electromagnetics, acoustic emission, x-ray, data management, biomimetics, and nano-scale sensing approaches for structural health monitoring.

Chern, E. James

2004-01-01

42

Quality Assurance for Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

Cooperative groups, of which the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group is one example, conduct national clinical trials that often involve the use of radiation therapy. In preparation for such a trial, the cooperative group prepares a protocol to define the goals of the trial, the rationale for its design, and the details of the treatment procedure to be followed. The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) is one of several quality assurance (QA) offices that is charged with assuring that participating institutions deliver doses that are clinically consistent and comparable. The RPC does this by conducting a variety of independent audits and credentialing processes. The RPC has compiled data showing that credentialing can help institutions comply with the requirements of a cooperative group clinical protocol. Phantom irradiations have been demonstrated to exercise an institution’s procedures for planning and delivering advanced external beam techniques (1–3). Similarly, RPC data indicate that a rapid review of patient treatment records or planning procedures can improve compliance with clinical trials (4). The experiences of the RPC are presented as examples of the contributions that a national clinical trials QA center can make to cooperative group trials. These experiences illustrate the critical need for comprehensive QA to assure that clinical trials are successful and cost-effective. The RPC is supported by grants CA 10953 and CA 81647 from the National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS. PMID:24392352

Ibbott, Geoffrey S.; Haworth, Annette; Followill, David S.

2013-01-01

43

Quality assurance for gamma knives  

SciTech Connect

This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations.

Jones, E.D.; Banks, W.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1995-09-01

44

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP)

Oginni, B. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Odero, D. O. [Raleigh Regional Cancer Center, Beckley, West Virginia 25801 (United States)

2009-07-06

45

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP).

Oginni, B. M.; Odero, D. O.

2009-07-01

46

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND...maintain a quality control system that assures that...copy of the most recent registration under ISO Q9001-2000...Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published...Quality Management...

2010-07-01

47

Italian quality assurance in mental health.  

PubMed

Since the radical changes in Italian mental health law in the 1970s, quality assurance models have gained consensus as the most suitable service assessment tool. In the 1990s, the whole Italian National Health System changed into a corporate model, and an accreditation system was implemented.The Italian Association for Quality and Accreditation in Mental Health (Associazione Italiana per la Qualità e l'Accreditamento in Salute Mentale [QUASM]) was founded in 1984, and since then, it offers consultation and support for Mental Health Departments and Regional Governments to help them to develop psychiatric programs, self-evaluation, educational programs, and professional peer-model accreditation. The QUASM accreditation manual has now gone through several revisions, the last in 2008. Until 2008, QUASM was successful in promoting quality and facilitating both institutional and professional accreditation. However, radical changes triggered by financial crisis have jeopardized quality assurance implementation. Nowadays, the challenge for QUASM is to maintain quality and accreditation geared to excellence against prevailing leveling trends. PMID:24840086

Rossi, Giovanni; Agnetti, Germana; Bosio, Roberto; De Luca, Pasquale; Erlicher, Arcadio; Morganti, Carla; Neri, Giovanni; Re, Edoardo; Semisa, Domenico; Fioritti, Angelo

2014-06-01

48

Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

Li, Yuan

2010-01-01

49

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN CSMRI SITE REMEDIATION  

E-print Network

.4 Data Quality Objectives and Criteria for Measurement Data ..................................5 2QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN CSMRI SITE REMEDIATION April 15, 2004 Prepared for: Colorado School Littleton, CO 80127 #12;i QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN CSMRI Site Remediation Approved By: Date: Linn

50

Quality Assurance Program and Brain Drain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of colleges and universities in most developing countries has increased drastically over the past decades. The quality variation of these institutions is an alarming concern. Quality assurance programs are proposed and implemented. This paper evaluates the effects of quality assurance on the demand for college education, study abroad,…

Lien, Donald

2008-01-01

51

The economics of software quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an examination into the economics of software quality assurance. An analysis of the software life-cycle is performed to determine where in the cycle the application of quality assurance techniques would be most beneficial. The number and types of errors occurring at various phases of the software life-cycle are estimated. A variety of approaches in increasing software quality

David S. Alberts

1976-01-01

52

Quality assurance program plan fuel supply shutdown  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program plan (QAPP) describes how the Fuel Supply Shutdown (FSS) project organization implements the quality assurance requirements of HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and the B and W Hanford Company Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), FSP-MP-004. The QAPP applies to facility structures, systems, and components and to activities (e.g., design, procurement, testing, operations, maintenance, etc.) that could affect structures, systems, and components. This QAPP also provides a roadmap of applicable Project Hanford Policies and Procedures (PHPP) which may be utilized by the FSS project organization to implement the requirements of this QAPP.

Metcalf, I.L.

1998-09-21

53

Quality assurance in film radiography  

SciTech Connect

The ISO 9000 standards were originally developed during the 1980`s to provide uniform, worldwide quality assurance requirements. The EC (European Communities) adopted these standards as part of their modular approach to ``conformity assessment`` procedures, for several product categories. This includes the development of standards (specifications) which define what the purchaser wants and what the supplier agrees to provide, as well as quality system registration (certification) which increases confidence in the supplier`s ability to produce consistently. The requirements are typically most rigorous for regulated products that have a major impact on health and safety i.e film radiographic systems. This is the main reason for making available the necessary Q.C. tools in film radiography to comply with Q.A. specifications and guarantee the required consistent performance. These tools can only give satisfying support if they are dedicated, easy to use, precise and cost effective at the user`s level. The main topics for such a Q.A. package are: (1) standard for Film System classification for industrial radiography; (2) film system certification; and (3) standard for control of film processing by means of reference values i.e. pre-exposed film wedges and archiving quality control method.

Van Bellegem, L.; Vaessen, B. [Agfa Gevaert nv., Mortsel (Belgium)

1993-12-31

54

Exploring Quality Assurance in Sixth Form Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to focus on the changing nature of quality assurance systems within the sixth form college sector. Design/methodology/approach: Ten sixth form colleges were surveyed across England and staff from varying levels within college hierarchies questioned about how quality assurance systems were implemented. Research involved…

Stoten, David William

2012-01-01

55

Quality Assurance Reconsidered: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an external evaluation of the quality assurance system at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) conducted by The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (NOKUT). The external audit report along with internal reports provided by the seven faculties of the university served as the major…

Gynnild, Vidar

2007-01-01

56

Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

Oijala, J.E.

1988-06-01

57

Fuel Efficiency Automobile Test Quality Assurance Narrative  

E-print Network

Fuel Efficiency Automobile Test Quality Assurance Narrative Standard Operating Procedures Help and Biochemistry Denver, CO. 80208 (303) 871-2580 Last Updated November, 2003 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Quality .............................................................................................................29 Appendix A: Validity Criteria

Denver, University of

58

40 CFR 31.45 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...related measurements or data generation, the grantee shall develop and implement quality assurance practices consisting...documentation sufficient to produce data of quality adequate to meet project...and to minimize loss of data due to...

2010-07-01

59

Automated Probabilistic Quality Assurance for Data Publication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a researcher the publication of his work is a very important part for building up his reputation. At the moment this is mainly done by producing written publications, but the publication of raw data will become more important in the coming years. An important part of the publication process is the quality assurance of the data not only by technical means, but also by its content. For this quality assurance methods for general data are a very important part. An important aim here is to test unknown datasets on inconsistencies, which is a challenging task. Useful tools in inconsistency detections are change point models. Those are fitted to the data and if the model indicate, that a model with a step is the most probable explanation for the data, the user looks for explanations for the steps. We use and modified here a bayesian approach developed by Dose and Menzel, which was not used for quality assurance until now. But change point detection work mostly only on one dimensional time series. For multidimensional time series, additional tools are necessary. One tool for this is the estimation of probability densities for parts of the data and comparing them to other parts. This was done by us by using histograms and comparing them with help of the Kullback-Leibler Distance and the Earth Mover's Distance. With this it is possible to identify parts with different characteristics like variance shift, level shifts or rounding within the data. This contribution introduce both, the identification method of inconsistencies by estimating probability densities and the bayesian change point detection method. It also give insights to some sensitivity tests and applications not only for the separate methods but also for their combination.

Düsterhus, A.; Hense, A.

2012-04-01

60

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality...NATIONAL PRACTITIONER DATA BANK Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality... Note that medical quality assurance records...National Practitioner Data...

2010-07-01

61

Aquatic Pesticide Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan  

E-print Network

Aquatic Pesticide Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan Don Yee Geoff Siemering. Aquatic Pesticide Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan. San Francisco Estuary Institute, Oakland, CA. #12;ii Aquatic Pesticides Monitoring Program Quality Assurance Program Plan Prepared by Don

62

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

SciTech Connect

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

63

[Computer system validation. The quality assurance procedure].  

PubMed

The use of computerized systems in preclinical studies has increased over the last ten years. This fact has caused dramatic changes in the way raw data are used in studies. Regulatory authorities, in fact, now require that computerized systems used during preclinical studies be validated. Quality assurance was given the task of organizing an approach to this challenge. Above all, this process applies to all company functions, from test facility management to technical staff. Moreover, various systems may be encountered during the process where the operating systems and the technologies used may be different. Another difficulty may be the lack of resources, changes requested by users or regulatory updates of legislation. Last but no least, archiving should not be underestimated. PMID:12122896

Sforza, Valentine Anthony

2002-01-01

64

Photometric Quality Assurance Instrument Check Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Definitions of quality assurance practices--(Filter photometer, Single-beam spectrophotometer, Double-beam spectrophotometer, Fluorometer, Nephelometer & turbidimeter, and Densitometer); Procedures for checking instrumental parameters--(Spectrop...

L. R. Alexander, E. R. Barnhart

1980-01-01

65

Quality assurance program for isotopic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sandia National Laboratories Quality Assurance Program that applies to non-weapon (reimbursable) Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators is summarized. The program was implemented over the past 16 years on power supplies used in various space and terrestrial systems. The quality assurance (QA) activity of the program is in support of the Department of Energy, Office of Space Nuclear Projects. Basic elements of the program are described and examples of program documentation are presented.

Hannigan, R. L.; Harnar, R. R.

1982-12-01

66

Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance plan identifies the data necessary, and techniques designed to attain the required quality, to meet the specific data quality objectives associated with the DOE Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). This report specifies sampling, waste testing, and analytical methods for transuranic wastes.

NONE

1995-04-30

67

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case  

SciTech Connect

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

2011-02-01

68

COMPARISON TABLES BETWEEN QUALITY ASSURANCE DOCUMENTS  

E-print Network

) ! DOE Order 5700.6c (DOE 1991c) ! MIL-Q-9858A (DOD 1963) ! ISO 9000 (ISO 1987) August 2000 K-1 MARSSIM Requirements B10 Data Quality Management C1 Assessments and Response Actions 12.0 Assessment and Response Actions 15.0 Corrective Actions C2 Reports to Management 16.0 Quality Assurance Reports to Management D1

69

SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The inherent inseparability of a cost-effective Soil Sampling Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Plan from the objectives of a soil monitoring program is emphasized. Required precisions and confidence levels for the data cannot be defined until the decisions which will be ...

70

Quality Assurance in University Guidance Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Europe there is no common quality assurance framework for the delivery of guidance in higher education. Using a case study approach in four university career guidance services in England, France and Spain, this article aims to study how quality is implemented in university career guidance services in terms of strategy, standards and models,…

Simon, Alexandra

2014-01-01

71

10 CFR 26.167 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

...PROGRAMS Laboratories Certified by the Department of Health and Human Services § 26.167 Quality assurance and quality control...interfaced with a laboratory information management system, or computer, and/or generate a hard copy or digital electronic...

2014-01-01

72

Quality assurance and organizational effectiveness in hospitals.  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to explore some aspects of a general theoretical model within which research on the organizational impacts of quality assurance programs in hospitals may be examined. Quality assurance is conceptualized as an organizational control mechanism, operating primarily through increased formalization of structures and specification of procedures. Organizational effectiveness is discussed from the perspective of the problem-solving theory of organizations, wherein effective organizations are those which maintain at least average performance in all four system problem areas simultaneously (goal-attainment, integration, adaptation and pattern-maintenance). It is proposed that through the realization of mutual benefits for both professionals and the bureaucracy, quality assurance programs can maximize such effective performance in hospitals. PMID:7096096

Hetherington, R W

1982-01-01

73

Distributed Education in the 21st Century: Implications for Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses contemporary challenges for quality assurance and accreditation in light of electronic learning and the impact of technology. Highlights include a history of formal education and quality criteria; new paradigms, including the role of end users and focusing on outcomes rather than processes; and definitions of quality assurance and…

Pond, Wallace K.

2002-01-01

74

Statistical process control for radiotherapy quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Every quality assurance process uncovers random and systematic errors. These errors typically consist of many small random errors and a very few number of large errors that dominate the result. Quality assurance practices in radiotherapy do not adequately differentiate between these two sources of error. The ability to separate these types of errors would allow the dominant source(s) of error to be efficiently detected and addressed. In this work, statistical process control is applied to quality assurance in radiotherapy for the purpose of setting action thresholds that differentiate between random and systematic errors. The theoretical development and implementation of process behavior charts are described. We report on a pilot project is which these techniques are applied to daily output and flatness/symmetry quality assurance for a 10 MV photon beam in our department. This clinical case was followed over 52 days. As part of our investigation, we found that action thresholds set using process behavior charts were able to identify systematic changes in our daily quality assurance process. This is in contrast to action thresholds set using the standard deviation, which did not identify the same systematic changes in the process. The process behavior thresholds calculated from a subset of the data detected a 2% change in the process whereas with a standard deviation calculation, no change was detected. Medical physicists must make decisions on quality assurance data as it is acquired. Process behavior charts help decide when to take action and when to acquire more data before making a change in the process.

Pawlicki, Todd; Whitaker, Matthew; Boyer, Arthur L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Radiological Imaging Technology, Inc., 637 Elkton Drive, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80907 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2005-09-15

75

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

...functions associated with attaining quality objectives and the quality assurance functions. 2 ...licensee” is used in these criteria, the requirements are applicable...approval is issued. (b) The quality assurance functions are—...

2014-01-01

76

Quality Assurance in Trichiasis Surgery: a methodology  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Trachoma remains a significant cause of blindness in many parts of the world. The major route to blindness involves upper lid entropion leading to trachomatous trichiasis (TT) which promotes progressive corneal opacification. The provision of surgery to correct TT in the populations most severely affected is a major challenge for the global effort to eliminate Trachoma blindness by the year 2020. Most attention has been paid to increasing the quantity of TT surgery performed, and large numbers of non-doctor operators have been trained to this end. Surgical audit by those performing TT surgery is not a routine part of any national trachoma control programme, and no effective mechanism exists for identifying surgeons experiencing poor outcomes. We propose a methodology for surgical audit at the level of the individual surgeon based on Lot Quality Assurance. A set number of patients operated on previously for upper eyelid TT are examined to detect the recurrence of TT. The number of recurrent cases found will lead to categorisation of the TT surgeon to either “high recurrence” or “low recurrence” with reasonable confidence. The threshold of unacceptability can be set by individual programmes according to previous local studies of recurrence rates or those from similar settings. Identification of surgeons delivering unacceptably high levels of recurrent TT will guide managers on the need for remedial intervention such as re-training. PMID:20881027

Buchan, John C; Limburg, Hans; Burton, Matthew J

2013-01-01

77

Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

Zuckerman, Amy

2000-01-01

78

Quality assurance for gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance program is designed for stereotactic radiosurgical units, gamma knife, to check and maintain the unit to preclude accidents and comply with current regulations. Over 58 stereotactic radiosurgical units using 201 focused {sup 60}Co beams have been installed in the last 7 years and are in use at hospitals throughout the world, with at least 11 additional units being prepared to come on-line in the next year. This system has been in use at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) for 7 years. A comprehensive quality assurance program has been developed. It includes the physics and dosimetry parameters and safety checks required by regulatory agencies. The program, based on over 7 years of experience in measurements, and used during the treatment of over 1500 patients, is separated into three aspects, namely physics, dosimetry, and safety. The UPMC program hopefully will indicate out-of-tolerance problems. Some quality assurance items are checked on a daily basis prior to patient treatment, while other aspects are checked on a weekly, monthly, and/or annual basis. A complete list of items with their respective time tables and tolerances is provided. Although experience shows very small margins of error, larger values were chosen to account for variations in equipment and techniques. Items included in this quality assurance program should indicate and/or preclude problems encountered in the use of this unit. 10 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Maitz, A.H.; Wu, A.; Lunsford, L.D. [Univ. of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA (United States)] [and others] [Univ. of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA (United States); and others

1995-07-30

79

Quality assurance and women in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines a range of positive and negative consequences for women of Quality Assurance (QA) initiatives in one Australian university. Drawing on Foucault‘s concepts of ’governmentality‘ and ’power\\/knowledge‘, it is argued that the popular ’repressive hypothesis‘ of power via governmentality hides a positive and potentially productive dimension of power. Following recent work by feminist political theorists, my claim here

Carmen Luke

1997-01-01

80

Quality assurance in radiation therapy: physics efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last two years, several important documents on quality assurance in radiation therapy have been published. In l981 the Committee on Radiation Oncology Studies, in a report to the Director of the National Cancer Institute, outlined criteria for multidisciplinary cancer management, including technical standards in radiation therapy. In March 1983, a task group of the American Association of Physicists

Göran K. Svensson

1984-01-01

81

Software quality assurance plan for GCS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

1990-01-01

82

REGIONAL AIR POLLUTION STUDY, QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS  

EPA Science Inventory

RAPS Quality Assurance audits were conducted under this Task Order in continuation of the audit program previously conducted under Task Order No. 58. Quantitative field audits were conducted of the Regional Air Monitoring System (RAMS) Air Monitoring Stations, Local Air Monitorin...

83

SWMM 5 REDEVELOPMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA recently released a new version of the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) that combines a new interface with a completely re-written computational engine. The SWMM redevelopment project proceeded under a Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) that describes methods and proced...

84

Quality assurance in radiation therapy: physical aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present status of the quality assurance work regarding the physical aspects in radiation treatment is discussed. In particular, the situation in Europe is surveyed. An analysis of the errors in the delivered absorbed dose to a specified point in the irradiated patient shows that the uncertainty, to approximately the same degree, depends on the dose distribution determination, the dose

Hans Svensson

1984-01-01

85

Quality Assurance for Higher Education Franchising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practice of "franchising" higher education programs, or provision of educational programs through vendors, is examined as it occurs in the United Kingdom as a result of recent educational policy changes. A set of principles for assuring the quality of such programs is proposed. (MSE)

Yorke, Mantz

1993-01-01

86

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

This document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for the staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North C...

87

Quality Assurance and Evaluation in Denmark  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, international comparisons have become a powerful lever for change in educational policies. Quality assurance and evaluation (QAE) in many forms is being incorporated in the steering and management of schools. However, the Danish use of QAE is a dynamic result of ongoing tensions and struggles both around and within QAE…

Andersen, Vibeke Normann; Dahler-Larsen, Peter; Pedersen, Carsten Strombaek

2009-01-01

88

MCNP{trademark} Software Quality Assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

MCNP is a computer code that models the interaction of radiation with matter. MCNP is developed and maintained by the Transport Methods Group (XTM) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This plan describes the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) program applied to the code. The SQA program is consistent with the requirements of IEEE-730.1 and the guiding principles of ISO 900.

Abhold, H.M.; Hendricks, J.S.

1996-04-01

89

Fingerprint quality assurance using image processing  

E-print Network

Fingerprint quality assurance using image processing Marek Dusio Kongens Lyngby 2013 IMM-M.Sc.-2013 analysis methods that are fast to compute. Of interest are analysing the impact of ngertip skin moisture Modelling at the Technical University of Denmark during an exchange visit at the Center for Advanced

90

QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR AMBIENT AIR MONITORING  

EPA Science Inventory

State and local government agencies that are required to implement and report the data from the US Ambient Air Monitoring Networks are also required in 40 CFR Part 58 to participate in a system of Quality Assurance (QA) activities. Agencies with monitoring stations in the US netw...

91

Quality assurance in breast screening in Europe.  

PubMed

An extensive pathology External Quality Assurance has been set up in Europe based on the experience of the UK programme. There are approximately 300 participating pathologists in France alone. With the end of the Third Action Plan (1996-2000) it is likely that the Europe Against Cancer programme will cease. However, screening will remain one of the four major public health activities funded by the European Commission and the screening network which has resided under the auspices of DGV (Industrial Relations and Social Affairs) is likely to be transferred to DGXXIV (Consumer Protection and Public Health). This would seem to be ideal the site for the activities necessary for high quality screening. It is anticipated that the drive for continued quality assurance, expansion of organised screening and the spread of skills from high quality screening programmes into symptomatic sector activity will continue for the foreseeable future. PMID:14731700

Perry, N

2000-04-01

92

222-S laboratory quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for analytical services. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing 222-S and 222-SA analytical and quality control activities. The 222-S Laboratory provides analytical services to various clients including, but not limited to, waste characterization for the Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS), waste characterization for regulatory waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD), regulatory compliance samples, radiation screening, process samples, and TPA samples. A graded approach is applied on the level of sample custody, QC, data verification, and data reporting to meet the specific needs of the client.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-04-01

93

Quality Assurance Specifications for Planetary Protection Assays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the European Space Agency planetary protection (PP) activities move forward to support the ExoMars and other planetary missions, it will become necessary to increase staffing of labo-ratories that provide analyses for these programs. Standardization of procedures, a comprehen-sive quality assurance program, and unilateral training of personnel will be necessary to ensure that the planetary protection goals and schedules are met. The PP Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QAQC) program is designed to regulate and monitor procedures performed by labora-tory personnel to ensure that all work meets data quality objectives through the assembly and launch process. Because personnel time is at a premium and sampling schedules are often de-pendent on engineering schedules, it is necessary to have flexible staffing to support all sampling requirements. The most productive approach to having a competent and flexible work force is to establish well defined laboratory procedures and training programs that clearly address the needs of the program and the work force. The quality assurance specification for planetary protection assays has to ensure that labora-tories and associated personnel can demonstrate the competence to perform assays according to the applicable standard AD4. Detailed subjects included in the presentation are as follows: • field and laboratory control criteria • data reporting • personnel training requirements and certification • laboratory audit criteria. Based upon RD2 for primary and secondary validation and RD3 for data quality objectives, the QAQC will provide traceable quality assurance safeguards by providing structured laboratory requirements for guidelines and oversight including training and technical updates, standardized documentation, standardized QA/QC checks, data review and data archiving.

Baker, Amy

94

Private incentives for adopting food safety and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The competitiveness of food companies in national and international markets depends upon their ability to adopt production processes which meet food safety and quality requirements. Food safety and quality assurance affect the cost of carrying out transactions, and therein lies the private incentive for adopting voluntary quality assurance systems. While quality assurance systems have the potential to reduce transaction costs

Erin Holleran; Maury E. Bredahl; Lokman Zaibet

1999-01-01

95

Quality Assurance and Quality Enhancement in Higher Education: Contested Territories?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the unfolding of the quality agenda in England from 1992 to the present. By using two disciplinary approaches, "political science" and "social philosophy", the article traces the recent transition from quality assurance to quality enhancement. How is this development to be explained and how significant is it? Are the concepts…

Filippakou, Ourania; Tapper, Ted

2008-01-01

96

Quality Assurance/Quality Control Jobs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production of a quality and safe food product is essential to the success of any food manufacturing facility. Because of this great importance, a career in quality can be extremely rewarding. Without happy customers willing to buy a product, a company would not be able to survive. Quality issues such as foreign objects, spoiled or mislabeled product, failure to meet net weight requirements, or a recall can all turn customers away from buying a product. The food industry is a customer-driven market in which some consumers are brand loyal based on a history of high quality or in which a single bad experience with a product will turn them away for a lifetime. With this said, the main role of a quality department is to help ensure that quality issues such as these are eliminated or kept to a minimum to maintain or increase the number of customers purchasing their product.

Fanslau, Melody; Young, Janelle

97

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Quality assurance program. (a) Each STD's quality assurance program shall provide... (1) Acceptance program. (i) Each STD's acceptance program shall consist of...are used in the acceptance program, the STD shall establish a dispute...

2010-04-01

98

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Quality assurance program. (a) Each STD's quality assurance program shall provide... (1) Acceptance program. (i) Each STD's acceptance program shall consist of...are used in the acceptance program, the STD shall establish a dispute...

2011-04-01

99

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

...Quality assurance program. (a) Each STD's quality assurance program shall provide... (1) Acceptance program. (i) Each STD's acceptance program shall consist of...are used in the acceptance program, the STD shall establish a dispute...

2014-04-01

100

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Quality assurance program. (a) Each STD's quality assurance program shall provide... (1) Acceptance program. (i) Each STD's acceptance program shall consist of...are used in the acceptance program, the STD shall establish a dispute...

2012-04-01

101

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Quality assurance program. (a) Each STD's quality assurance program shall provide... (1) Acceptance program. (i) Each STD's acceptance program shall consist of...are used in the acceptance program, the STD shall establish a dispute...

2013-04-01

102

40 CFR 75.45 - Daily quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Daily quality assurance criteria. 75.45 Section 75.45 Protection of...Alternative Monitoring Systems § 75.45 Daily quality assurance criteria. The owner or operator shall...

2011-07-01

103

40 CFR 75.45 - Daily quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Daily quality assurance criteria. 75.45 Section 75.45 Protection of...Alternative Monitoring Systems § 75.45 Daily quality assurance criteria. The owner or operator shall...

2013-07-01

104

40 CFR 75.45 - Daily quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Daily quality assurance criteria. 75.45 Section 75.45 Protection of...Alternative Monitoring Systems § 75.45 Daily quality assurance criteria. The owner or operator shall...

2010-07-01

105

40 CFR 75.45 - Daily quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Daily quality assurance criteria. 75.45 Section 75.45 Protection of...Alternative Monitoring Systems § 75.45 Daily quality assurance criteria. The owner or operator shall...

2012-07-01

106

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

107

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Quality assurance....

2012-01-01

108

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

...Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Quality assurance....

2014-01-01

109

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Quality assurance....

2013-01-01

110

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Quality assurance....

2011-01-01

111

The ESTRO-QUALity assurance network (EQUAL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and purpose: ESTRO has set up a Quality Assurance network (EQUAL) to check the dose delivered on axis in reference and non-reference conditions for external radiotherapy. The external audits covered by the network are based on measurements made with mailed thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD).Material and methods: The TLD consist of LiF powder type DTL 937 read with a PCL 3

Ivaldo H Ferreira; Andrée Dutreix; André Bridier; Jean Chavaudra; Hans Svensson

2000-01-01

112

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and execute a quality assurance program...of the applicable criteria of §§ 71.101...execute the applicable criteria in a graded approach...commensurate with the quality assurance requirement's...Commission-approved quality assurance program...satisfies the applicable criteria of subpart H...

2010-01-01

113

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

...and execute a quality assurance program...of the applicable criteria of §§ 71.101...execute the applicable criteria in a graded approach...commensurate with the quality assurance requirement's...Commission-approved quality assurance program...satisfies the applicable criteria of subpart H...

2014-01-01

114

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and execute a quality assurance program...of the applicable criteria of §§ 71.101...execute the applicable criteria in a graded approach...commensurate with the quality assurance requirement's...Commission-approved quality assurance program...satisfies the applicable criteria of subpart H...

2012-01-01

115

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and execute a quality assurance program...of the applicable criteria of §§ 71.101...execute the applicable criteria in a graded approach...commensurate with the quality assurance requirement's...Commission-approved quality assurance program...satisfies the applicable criteria of subpart H...

2011-01-01

116

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and execute a quality assurance program...of the applicable criteria of §§ 71.101...execute the applicable criteria in a graded approach...commensurate with the quality assurance requirement's...Commission-approved quality assurance program...satisfies the applicable criteria of subpart H...

2013-01-01

117

Quality Assurance in Postgraduate Education. ENQA Workshop Report 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report follows an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Workshop on Quality Assurance and Postgraduate Education, hosted by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ARACIS) in Brasov, Romania on 12-13 March 2009. The workshop was an excellent opportunity for ENQA members to exchange…

Bitusikova, Alexandra; Bohrer, Janet; Borosic, Ivana; Costes, Nathalie; Edinsel, Kerim; Hollander, Karoline; Jacobsson, Gunilla; Jakopovic, Ivan Filip; Kearney, Mary-Louise; Mulder, Fred; Negyesi, Judith; Pietzonka, Manuel

2010-01-01

118

Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education. ENQA Workshop Report 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is the product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Bologna Seminar "Quality Assurance in Transnational Education: from words to action" hosted by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK) in London in December, 2008. The seminar discussed the current trends in Transnational landscapes, the…

Bennett, Paul; Bergan, Sjur; Cassar, Daniela; Hamilton, Marlene; Soinila, Michele; Sursock, Andree; Uvalic-Trumbic, Stamenka; Williams, Peter

2010-01-01

119

Apollo experience report: Reliability and quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The reliability of the Apollo spacecraft resulted from the application of proven reliability and quality techniques and from sound management, engineering, and manufacturing practices. Continual assessment of these techniques and practices was made during the program, and, when deficiencies were detected, adjustments were made and the deficiencies were effectively corrected. The most significant practices, deficiencies, adjustments, and experiences during the Apollo Program are described in this report. These experiences can be helpful in establishing an effective base on which to structure an efficient reliability and quality assurance effort for future space-flight programs.

Sperber, K. P.

1973-01-01

120

QUALITY SCIENCE AND QUALITY ASSURANCE: OBSERVATIONS OR AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTIST  

EPA Science Inventory

-- ABSTRACT The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the relationship between quality science (QS) and quality assurance (QA). Many research scientists definitely want to do QS, but are afraid or do not want to do QA because they are intimidated by the QA proc...

121

[Cross-sectoral quality assurance in ambulatory care].  

PubMed

Overcoming rigid sectoral segmentation in healthcare has also become a health policy target in quality assurance. With the Act to Enhance Competition in Statutory Health Insurance (GKV-WSG) coming into effect, quality assurance measures are to be designed in a cross-sectoral fashion for in- and outpatient sectors equally. An independent institution is currently mandated to develop specific quality indicators for eleven indications. For three of these operating tests have already been commissioned by the Federal Joint Committee. This article depicts the major results of a feasibility study, including a compliance cost estimate, for the aforementioned indications of cross-sectoral quality assurance (cQA). In conclusion, a number of both practical and conceptual basic challenges are still to be resolved prior to the full implementation of cQA, such as a sufficient specification to activate documentation requirements and an inspection system capable of separating actual quality problems from documentary deficits. So far, a comprehensive cost-utility analysis of cQA has not been provided, in particular with comparison to existing QA systems. In order to optimise cost and utility of cQA an evidence-based approach is required for both the extension of cQA areas and for QA provisions. PMID:24290666

Albrecht, Martin; Loos, Stefan; Otten, Marcus

2013-01-01

122

History of Reliability and Quality Assurance at Kennedy Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Kennedy Historical Document (KHD) provides a unique historical perspective of the organizational and functional responsibilities for the manned and un-manned programs at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. As systems become more complex and hazardous, the attention to detailed planning and execution continues to be a challenge. The need for a robust reliability and quality assurance program will always be a necessity to ensure mission success. As new space missions are defined and technology allows for continued access to space, these programs cannot be compromised. The organizational structure that has provided the reliability and quality assurance functions for both the manned and unmanned programs has seen many changes since the first group came to Florida in the 1950's. The roles of government and contractor personnel have changed with each program and organizational alignment has changed based on that responsibility. The organizational alignment of the personnel performing these functions must ensure independent assessment of the processes.

Childers, Frank M.

2004-01-01

123

Clinical aspects of quality assurance in PACS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) promises to confer a number of significant advantages upon the practice of medicine, in general, and upon radiology, in particular. This promise, notwithstanding, numerous important obstacles to a complete, clinically effective, implementation of this technology exist. Not the least of these obstacles pertains to the area of quality assurance (QA). The remainder of this manuscript will review the approach that many conventional departments of radiology have taken to QA problems. This information will be used as a foundation for conjecture about QA issues that are likely to be important in a totally digital environment.

Marglin, Stephen I.

1991-05-01

124

Technology Transfer Challenges for High-Assurance Software Engineering Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we describe our experience with the challenges thar we are currently facing in our effort to develop advanced software verification and validation tools. We categorize these challenges into several areas: cost benefits modeling, tool usability, customer application domain, and organizational issues. We provide examples of challenges in each area and identrfj, open research issues in areas which limit our ability to transfer high-assurance software engineering tools into practice.

Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor); Penix, John; Markosian, Lawrence Z.

2003-01-01

125

Radiographic Film Processing Quality Assurance: A Self-Teaching Workbook. Quality Assurance Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook has been designed for use in conjunction with the manual, "Photographic Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Therapy." Presented are several typical problems arising from the existence of variability and fluctuations in the automatic processing of radiographs, which unless corrected, can…

Goldman, Lee W.

126

Flight Dynamics Mission Support and Quality Assurance Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes the method of the Computer Sciences Corporation Flight Dynamics Operation (FDO) quality assurance approach to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Flight Dynamics Support Branch. Historically, a strong need has existed for developing systematic quality assurance using methods that account for the unique nature and environment of satellite Flight Dynamics mission support. Over the past few years FDO has developed and implemented proactive quality assurance processes applied to each of the six phases of the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle: systems and operations concept, system requirements and specifications, software development support, operations planing and training, launch support, and on-orbit mission operations. Rather than performing quality assurance as a final step after work is completed, quality assurance has been built in as work progresses in the form of process assurance. Process assurance activities occur throughout the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle. The FDO Product Assurance Office developed process checklists for prephase process reviews, mission team orientations, in-progress reviews, and end-of-phase audits. This paper will outline the evolving history of FDO quality assurance approaches, discuss the tailoring of Computer Science Corporations's process assurance cycle procedures, describe some of the quality assurance approaches that have been or are being developed, and present some of the successful results.

Oh, InHwan

1996-01-01

127

The Assurance Challenges of Advanced Packaging Technologies for Electronics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advances in microelectronic parts performance are driving towards finer feature sizes, three-dimensional geometries and ever-increasing number of transistor equivalents that are resulting in increased die sizes and interconnection (I/O) counts. The resultant packaging necessary to provide assemble-ability, environmental protection, testability and interconnection to the circuit board for the active die creates major challenges, particularly for space applications, Traditionally, NASA has used hermetically packaged microcircuits whenever available but the new demands make hermetic packaging less and less practical at the same time as more and more expensive, Some part types of great interest to NASA designers are currently only available in non-hermetic packaging. It is a far more complex quality and reliability assurance challenge to gain confidence in the long-term survivability and effectiveness of nonhermetic packages than for hermetic ones. Although they may provide more rugged environmental protection than the familiar Plastic Encapsulated Microcircuits (PEMs), the non-hermetic Ceramic Column Grid Array (CCGA) packages that are the focus of this presentation present a unique combination of challenges to assessing their suitability for spaceflight use. The presentation will discuss the bases for these challenges, some examples of the techniques proposed to mitigate them and a proposed approach to a US MIL specification Class for non-hermetic microcircuits suitable for space application, Class Y, to be incorporated into M. IL-PRF-38535. It has recently emerged that some major packaging suppliers are offering hermetic area array packages that may offer alternatives to the nonhermetic CCGA styles but have also got their own inspectability and testability issues which will be briefly discussed in the presentation,

Sampson, Michael J.

2010-01-01

128

Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

Hughitt, Brian

2009-01-01

129

Quality assurance paradigms for artificial intelligence in modelling and simulation  

SciTech Connect

New classes of quality assurance concepts and techniques are required for the advanced knowledge-processing paradigms (such as artificial intelligence, expert systems, or knowledge-based systems) and the complex problems that only simulative systems can cope with. A systematization of quality assurance problems as well as examples are given to traditional and cognizant quality assurance techniques in traditional and cognizant modelling and simulation.

Oren, T.I.

1987-04-01

130

Quality Assurance and e-Learning: Blue Skies and Pragmatism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the role of quality assurance in e-learning; reflecting on the conditions necessary for successful e-learning. It reviews some of the current international work on quality assurance in this area and goes on to consider the ways in which the quality of a process or activity can be assessed--focusing on the use of benchmarking…

Oliver, Ron

2005-01-01

131

Quality Assurance in Higher Education as a Political Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The procedures commonly employed for quality assurance in higher education are designed as if the endeavour were a technical process, whereas it may be more useful to view it as a political process. For example, quality assurance requires making choices among competing conceptions of quality, and in so doing privileges some interests over others.…

Skolnik, Michael L.

2010-01-01

132

Quality Assurance Program Plan for FFTF effluent controls. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan is specific to environmental related activities within the FFTF Property Protected Area. The activities include effluent monitoring and Low Level Waste Certification.

Seamans, J.A.

1995-06-08

133

Quality assurance and dosimetric evaluation for an endocavitary unit.  

PubMed

The use of endocavitary contact therapy for selected rectal carcinomas continues to be an effective treatment option. Very small volumes are treated with an extremely high dose rate associated with rapid fall-off in depth and an overall high dose. The clinical benefits of the high dose rate leads to dosimetric and quality-assurance challenges. In addition, the operating room environment creates concerns in terms of dosimetry and radiation safety due to varying room line voltages and uncontrolled environments. The unit at our facility delivers 50 kVp X-rays using an SSD of 35 mm with lead-lined procotscopes of 24 and 29 mm. The dose rate is approximately 10 Gy per minute. Establishment of daily, monthly, and annual quality assurance reviews have been made and assessed. Parallel-plate ionization chambers measure outputs and relative depth dose with different phantoms. Silver bromide film is used to evaluate beam profiles. An electron diode system was chosen for day-of-treatment output checks. An ion chamber survey meter measures scatter and leakage exposure rates. Day-of-treatment output checks have assured output stability in various operating rooms. Trends in output have been confirmed by monthly ion chamber checks. Percent depth dose measurements carried out in liquid water compared well with accepted published data as did corrected polystyrene measurements. Radiation survey measurements detected acceptable exposure rate levels. The established comprehensive quality assurance program incorporates cross checking with multiple dosimetry systems. The confidence level of dose delivery has increased with the introduction of a day-of-treatment output checks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7818755

Klein, E E; Purdy, J A

1994-01-01

134

SAPHIRE 8 Volume 6 - Quality Assurance  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 8 is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. SAPHIRE 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the INL in this project is that of software developer and tester. This development takes place using formal software development procedures and is subject to quality assurance (QA) processes. The purpose of this document is to describe how the SAPHIRE software QA is performed for Version 8, what constitutes its parts, and limitations of those processes. In addition, this document describes the Independent Verification and Validation that was conducted for Version 8 as part of an overall QA process.

C. L. Smith; R. Nims; K. J. Kvarfordt

2011-03-01

135

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance (QA) Plan documents the QA activities that will be managed by the INL related to JCN N6423. The NRC developed the SAPHIRE computer code for performing probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) using a personal computer (PC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) under Job Code Number (JCN) L1429. SAPHIRE started out as a feasibility study for a PRA code to be run on a desktop personal PC and evolved through several phases into a state-of-the-art PRA code. The developmental activity of SAPHIRE was the result of two concurrent important events: The tremendous expansion of PC software and hardware capability of the 90s and the onset of a risk-informed regulation era.

Curtis Smith

2010-02-01

136

Hanford analytical services quality assurance requirements documents  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Document (HASQARD) is issued by the Analytical Services, Program of the Waste Management Division, US Department of Energy (US DOE), Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). The HASQARD establishes quality requirements in response to DOE Order 5700.6C (DOE 1991b). The HASQARD is designed to meet the needs of DOE-RL for maintaining a consistent level of quality for sampling and field and laboratory analytical services provided by contractor and commercial field and laboratory analytical operations. The HASQARD serves as the quality basis for all sampling and field/laboratory analytical services provided to DOE-RL through the Analytical Services Program of the Waste Management Division in support of Hanford Site environmental cleanup efforts. This includes work performed by contractor and commercial laboratories and covers radiological and nonradiological analyses. The HASQARD applies to field sampling, field analysis, and research and development activities that support work conducted under the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Tri-Party Agreement and regulatory permit applications and applicable permit requirements described in subsections of this volume. The HASQARD applies to work done to support process chemistry analysis (e.g., ongoing site waste treatment and characterization operations) and research and development projects related to Hanford Site environmental cleanup activities. This ensures a uniform quality umbrella to analytical site activities predicated on the concepts contained in the HASQARD. Using HASQARD will ensure data of known quality and technical defensibility of the methods used to obtain that data. The HASQARD is made up of four volumes: Volume 1, Administrative Requirements; Volume 2, Sampling Technical Requirements; Volume 3, Field Analytical Technical Requirements; and Volume 4, Laboratory Technical Requirements. Volume 1 describes the administrative requirements applicable to each of the other three volumes and is intended to be used in conjunction with the technical volumes.

Hyatt, J.E.

1997-09-25

137

Quality assurance and quality control in diagnostic molecular biology.  

PubMed

The newest forms of clinical diagnostic testing are based upon tools gleaned from molecular biology. Manipulations of RNA and DNA from various tissue sources (e.g., skin, blood, urine, excised tumor) can provide valuable information about an individual's genetic status or the basis or potential for metastasis of a tumor. As of 2002, over 200 laboratories in the United States provide clinical services. Particularly when such information is to be used to provide genetic counseling or determine treatment, care must be taken to ensure accuracy in the generation and reporting of results. This unit outlines the aspects of quality assurance that are important in nucleic acid-based diagnostic testing. More specifically, it describes the three elements of a quality assurance program: the directors qualifications, on-site laboratory inspection, and interlaboratory comparison and proficiency testing. The unit also discusses how to evaluate if a particular genetic test is suitable for clinical testing. PMID:18428335

Murphy, Patricia D

2002-11-01

138

Software Quality Assurance for Nuclear Safety Systems  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has undertaken an initiative to improve the quality of software used to design and operate their nuclear facilities across the United States. One aspect of this initiative is to revise or create new directives and guides associated with quality practices for the safety software in its nuclear facilities. Safety software includes the safety structures, systems, and components software and firmware, support software and design and analysis software used to ensure the safety of the facility. DOE nuclear facilities are unique when compared to commercial nuclear or other industrial activities in terms of the types and quantities of hazards that must be controlled to protect workers, public and the environment. Because of these differences, DOE must develop an approach to software quality assurance that ensures appropriate risk mitigation by developing a framework of requirements that accomplishes the following goals: {sm_bullet} Ensures the software processes developed to address nuclear safety in design, operation, construction and maintenance of its facilities are safe {sm_bullet} Considers the larger system that uses the software and its impacts {sm_bullet} Ensures that the software failures do not create unsafe conditions Software designers for nuclear systems and processes must reduce risks in software applications by incorporating processes that recognize, detect, and mitigate software failure in safety related systems. It must also ensure that fail safe modes and component testing are incorporated into software design. For nuclear facilities, the consideration of risk is not necessarily sufficient to ensure safety. Systematic evaluation, independent verification and system safety analysis must be considered for software design, implementation, and operation. The software industry primarily uses risk analysis to determine the appropriate level of rigor applied to software practices. This risk-based approach distinguishes safety-critical software and applies the highest level of rigor for those systems. DOE has further defined a risk approach to nuclear safety system software consistent with the analyses required for operation of nuclear facilities. This requires the grading of software in terms of safety class and safety significant structures, systems and components (SSCs). Safety-class SSCs are related to public safety where as safety-significant SSCs are identified for specific aspects of defense-in-depth and worker safety. Industry standards do not directly categorize nuclear safety software and DOE sites are not consistent in their approach to nuclear safety software quality assurance. DOE is establishing a more detailed graded approach for software associated with safety class and safety significant systems. This paper presents the process and results that DOE utilized to develop a detailed classification scheme for nuclear safety software.

Sparkman, D R; Lagdon, R

2004-05-16

139

Current Trends in European Quality Assurance. ENQA Workshop Report 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is a product of two ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminars, held in 2007, on current trends in European Quality Assurance. The first seminar, hosted by the Bulgarian National Evaluation and Accreditation Agency (NEAA), examined the situation in South-Eastern Europe. The second seminar…

Bozo, Dhurata; Damian, Radu; Gonzalez, Cecilia de la Rosa; Helle, Emmi; Imoda, Franco; Kohler, Alexander; Papazoglou, Vassilios J.; Dalmau, Gemma Rauret; Shopov, Todor

2009-01-01

140

Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes. ENQA Workshop Report 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the Bologna ministerial conference to be held in April 2012 in Bucharest, ENQA organised a seminar in September 2011 on Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes in collaboration with the Austrian Accreditation Council (OAR). The purpose of this seminar was twofold: first, to analyse the experience already gained in quality assurance of…

Frederiks, Mark; Grifoll, Josep; Hiltunen, Kirsi; Hopbach, Achim

2012-01-01

141

Realization of the quality assurance for robotized assembly cell  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a realized automated quality assurance system for the final assembly of a magnetic valve. The realization project joined to an international research project sponsored by the European Union however the quality assurance was not in the frame of that project. The system includes: (1) the supervision of the assembly cell and operations; (2) the functional test of

F. Alpek

1999-01-01

142

Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commonwealth of Learning is proud to partner with the Sri Lankan Ministry of Higher Education and UNESCO to produce this "Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes". The Toolkit has been prepared with three features. First, it is a generic document on quality assurance, complete with a glossary of…

Rama, Kondapalli, Ed.; Hope, Andrea, Ed.

2009-01-01

143

Internal Quality Assurance Benchmarking. ENQA Workshop Report 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internal Quality Assurance group of ENQA (IQA Group) has been organising a yearly seminar for its members since 2007. The main objective is to share experiences concerning the internal quality assurance of work processes in the participating agencies. The overarching theme of the 2011 seminar was how to use benchmarking as a tool for…

Blackstock, Douglas; Burquel, Nadine; Comet, Nuria; Kajaste, Matti; dos Santos, Sergio Machado; Marcos, Sandra; Moser, Marion; Ponds, Henri; Scheuthle, Harald; Sixto, Luis Carlos Velon

2012-01-01

144

Quality Assurance of E-learning. ENQA Workshop Report 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

E-learning in the European Higher Education Area has stampeded its way to the foreground of the Quality Assurance (QA) forum, and has become a key issue among quality assurance agencies and institutions in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Because internet-based learning is currently such a relevant topic, there is a dire need for the…

Grifoll, Josep; Huertas, Esther; Prades, Anna; Rodriguez, Sebastian; Rubin, Yuri; Mulder, Fred; Ossiannilsson, Ebba

2010-01-01

145

EASTERN LAKE SURVEY - PHASE II QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The Eastern Lake Survey - Phase II report describes and evaluates the quality assurance program employed during this study of regional surface water chemistry. The Quality Assurance Program was designed to ensure that all samples were collected and analyzed consistently, to verif...

146

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

147

Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework: A Critical Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework (QAF) is reviewed and found not to meet all five criteria proposed for a strong quality assurance system focused on student learning. The QAF requires a statement of student learning outcomes and a method and means of assessing those outcomes, but it does not require that data on achievement of intended…

Heap, James

2013-01-01

148

Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

Vance, L.M.

1993-07-01

149

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

150

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

151

The Award of the PhD Degree in Kenyan Universities: A Quality Assurance Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to bring to the fore the need for enhanced quality assurance processes in the award of PhDs by Kenyan universities. The findings reveal that quality challenges exist in the institutional processes established for the award of this advanced degree across the universities in the country. It is hoped that the findings will stir…

Ayiro, Laban P.; Sang, James K.

2011-01-01

152

Screening radiation exposure for quality assurance.  

PubMed

Quality assurance for planned radiation exposure situations (e.g. Digital Radiography, Computed Tomography or Radio Fluoroscopic studies) requires the application of examination-specific scans protocols. These are tailored to patient age or size, body region and clinical indication for ensuring that the dose applied to each patient is as low as reasonably achievable for the clinical purpose of the image acquisition (ALARA principle). The European legal framework--2013/59/EURATOM--points that health authorities will be more pervasive on inspecting the dosimetry applied to patients. This paper discusses these legal alterations and presents an interoperable distributed system for dose monitoring, which is compliant with legal procedures and the IHE Radiation Exposure Monitoring profile (REM). The system combines the most representative stakeholders affected and directly interested in the patient radiological protection: patients, radiologists, practitioners, health authorities, and ethics committee. The system is capable of gathering, in real-time, dose information applied to the patient and storing it in a regional or national wide dose registry. The paper addresses which information should such systems hold and which should be accessed, from each stakeholder perspective. Furthermore, the system may detect irregular dose patterns, which could indicate dose abuses, and signal those findings to the appropriate stakeholders. PMID:25160261

Bastião Silva, Luís A; Ribeiro, Luís S; Santos, Milton; Costa, Carlos; Oliveira, José Luís

2014-01-01

153

AVLIS Production Plant Preliminary Quality Assurance Plan and Assessment  

SciTech Connect

This preliminary Quality Assurance Plan and Assessment establishes the Quality Assurance requirements for the AVLIS Production Plant Project. The Quality Assurance Plan defines the management approach, organization, interfaces, and controls that will be used in order to provide adequate confidence that the AVLIS Production Plant design, procurement, construction, fabrication, installation, start-up, and operation are accomplished within established goals and objectives. The Quality Assurance Program defined in this document includes a system for assessing those elements of the project whose failure would have a significant impact on safety, environment, schedule, cost, or overall plant objectives. As elements of the project are assessed, classifications are provided to establish and assure that special actions are defined which will eliminate or reduce the probability of occurrence or control the consequences of failure. 8 figures, 18 tables.

Not Available

1984-11-15

154

[Quality assurance and standardized measures--a critical discussion].  

PubMed

The debate about quality and quality assurance has a long tradition in the market economy. New in the Federal Republic of Germany, however, is the debate about "quality" in the human services sector: in medical and nursing care, in hospitals and the community, in the health service. This discussion presents practising professionals, politicians and scientists with a number of unsolved problems. This is especially so in defining quality but also in developing, implementing and evaluating appropriate instruments of quality assurance. Quality is far more than what is intended by legislation-economy, productivity and competition- and often conflicts with these expectations. As a consequence, the process of discussion about defining quality turns out to be vague and contradictory rather than systematic, especially since quality cannot be seen as a static component but must be explored as a dynamic element. It is high time to start a critical debate about the concept of quality and current methods of quality assurance. PMID:9006257

Görres, S

1996-12-01

155

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

156

48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Government contract quality assurance functions. 1852.246-71 Section 1852...Government contract quality assurance functions. As prescribed in 1846.470, insert...Government Contract Quality Assurance Functions (OCT 1988) In accordance with...

2010-10-01

157

30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions...assure that the finished conveyor belt will meet the flame-resistance test— (1) Flame test a sample of each batch, lot, or slab...

2012-07-01

158

30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions...assure that the finished conveyor belt will meet the flame-resistance test— (1) Flame test a sample of each batch, lot, or slab...

2011-07-01

159

30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions...assure that the finished conveyor belt will meet the flame-resistance test— (1) Flame test a sample of each batch, lot, or slab...

2013-07-01

160

30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions...assure that the finished conveyor belt will meet the flame-resistance test— (1) Flame test a sample of each batch, lot, or slab...

2010-07-01

161

30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.  

...MINING PRODUCTS REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPROVAL OF FLAME-RESISTANT CONVEYOR BELTS General Provisions...assure that the finished conveyor belt will meet the flame-resistance test— (1) Flame test a sample of each batch, lot, or slab...

2014-07-01

162

Delivery quality assurance with ArcCHECK  

SciTech Connect

Radiation therapy requires delivery quality assurance (DQA) to ensure that treatment is accurate and closely follows the plan. We report our experience with the ArcCHECK phantom and investigate its potential optimization for the DQA process. One-hundred seventy DQA plans from 84 patients were studied. Plans were classified into 2 groups: those with the target situated on the diodes of the ArcCHECK (D plans) and those with the target situated at the center (C plans). Gamma pass rates for 8 target sites were examined. The parameters used to analyze the data included 3%/3 mm with the Van Dyk percent difference criteria (VD) on, 3%/3 mm with the VD off, 2%/2 mm with the VD on, and x/3 mm with the VD on and the percentage dosimetric agreement “x” for diode plans adjusted. D plans typically displayed maximum planned dose (MPD) on the cylindrical surface containing ArcCHECK diodes than center plans, resulting in inflated gamma pass rates. When this was taken into account by adjusting the percentage dosimetric agreement, C plans outperformed D plans by an average of 3.5%. ArcCHECK can streamline the DQA process, consuming less time and resources than radiographic films. It is unnecessary to generate 2 DQA plans for each patient; a single center plan will suffice. Six of 8 target sites consistently displayed pass rates well within our acceptance criteria; the lesser performance of head and neck and spinal sites can be attributed to marginally lower doses and increased high gradient of plans.

Neilson, Christopher; Klein, Michael; Barnett, Rob [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario (Canada); Yartsev, Slav, E-mail: slav.yartsev@lhsc.on.ca [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario (Canada)

2013-04-01

163

Assuring Quality in Pharmaceutical Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of quality assurance in U.S. pharmaceutical education looks at the Total Quality Management approach to measuring quality, recommendations of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy concerning general and pharmacy-specific professional competencies, and other systems to ensure quality, including accreditation, the federal role,…

Trinca, Carl E.

1993-01-01

164

Cui Bono? The Relevance and Impact of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

External quality assurance of universities exists to assure society that higher education standards are adequate and, in an increasingly global market, that they are comparable internationally. Although society has accepted an implicit compact in giving autonomy to universities in return for their dispassionate service to it, there has been an…

Massaro, Vin

2010-01-01

165

Quality assurance planning for lunar Mars exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review is presented of the tools and techniques required to meet the challenge of total quality in the goal of traveling to Mars and returning to the moon. One program used by NASA to ensure the integrity of baselined requirements documents is configuration management (CM). CM is defined as an integrated management process that documents and identifies the functional and physical characteristics of a facility's systems, structures, computer software, and components. It also ensures that changes to these characteristics are properly assessed, developed, approved, implemented, verified, recorded, and incorporated into the facility's documentation. Three principal areas are discussed that will realize significant efficiencies and enhanced effectiveness, change assessment, change avoidance, and requirements management.

Myers, Kay

1991-01-01

166

Establishment of Quality Assurance Requirements for Trinitroresorcinol (Styphnic Acid).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The properties of trinitroresorcinol (styphnic acid) of interest for the establishment of quality assurance requirements were investigated. The following characteristics of samples obtained from 5 different sources were studied; appearance, moisture by ov...

G. Norwitz, M. Galan

1969-01-01

167

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...activities are performed, the organizational structure for executing the quality assurance...have the required authority and organizational freedom. (f) Irrespective of the organizational structure, the individual(s)...

2010-01-01

168

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

169

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

170

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

171

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

172

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

173

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...performing quality assurance functions shall report to a management level that ensures that the required authority and organizational...performed, must have direct access to the levels of management necessary to perform this...

2010-01-01

174

A Practical Model Integrating Quality Assurance Into Environmental Monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model of cemprehensive environmental monitoring process with integral quality assurance is presented. This model views the monitoring process as iterative cycles of a series of elements: design, plan, protocols, preparation, field liaison, sample collection, sample handling, laboratory analysis, data transmission, data validation, data approval, data provision, statistical analysis, and reporting. Quality assurance is linked to each element, not just to laboratory analysis. The program of quality assurance ensures that environmental monitoring data are compatible with the project goals, are comparable between various sampling agencies, and maintain a high degree of scientific credibility. The key characteristics of the overall quality assurance process are detailed documentation, timely resolution of problems, regular reporting, and routine independent audits.

Clark, Malcolm J. R.; Whitfield, Paul H.

1993-02-01

175

[Criteria used in the health care quality assurance systems].  

PubMed

The author presents the criteria used in the health care quality assurance systems with special attention paid to the following issues: Quality management system ISO 9000:2000. European Foundation Quality Management. Hospital accreditation. Quality assurance system in occupational health services in Norway "Good OHS". Quality management criteria are regarded as guidelines for functioning of organizations. All presented evaluation systems are based on a common set of criteria, which include: client-patient orientation; advancement of stuff skills; information management; services and management improvement. PMID:14978899

Wdówik, Pawe?

2003-01-01

176

The quality assurance of heat fused thermoplastic pipeline joints  

E-print Network

THE QUALITY ASSURANCE OF HEAT FUSED THERMOPLASTIC PIPELINE JOINTS A Thesis by LARRY LEE EARLES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1982 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering THE QUALITY ASSURANCE OF HEAT FUSED THERMOPLASTIC PIPELINE JOINTS A Thesis LARRY LEE EARLES Approved as to style and content by: Mario A. Colaluca (Chairman of Committee) Carl Gerhold (Member...

Earles, Larry Lee

2012-06-07

177

Project quality assurance plant: Sodium storage facility, project F-031  

SciTech Connect

The Sodium Storage Facility Project Quality Assurance Plan delineates the quality assurance requirements for construction of a new facility, modifications to the sodium storage tanks, and tie-ins to the FFTF Plant. This plan provides direction for the types of verifications necessary to satisfy the functional requirements within the project scope and applicable regulatory requirements determined in the Project Functional Design Criteria (FDC), WHC-SD-FF-FDC-009.

Shultz, J.W.; Shank, D.R.

1994-11-01

178

Quality assurance as a managerial innovation: a research perspective.  

PubMed Central

Quality assurance is defined and concepts from innovation theory are applied to the study of quality assurance programs. Two distinct although not mutually exclusive perspectives on innovation are considered--the diffusion perspective, focusing on the innovation itself and its implementation, and the adoption perspective, highlighting factors characteristic of the adoption unit (i.e., the organization or individuals within it) that facilitate or impede the adoption process. Directions for future research are suggested. PMID:7118545

Kaluzny, A D

1982-01-01

179

Near-facility environmental monitoring quality assurance project plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near facility environmental monitoring performed by Waste Management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations and supersedes WHC-EP-0538-2. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by waste management Federal Services, Inc., Northwest Operations in implementing facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site.

McKinney, S.M.

1997-11-24

180

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

Fishler, B

2011-03-18

181

Reliability and quality assurance on the MOD 2 wind system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance (R&QA) approach developed for the largest wind turbine generator, the Mod 2, is described. The R&QA approach assures that the machine is not hazardous to the public or to the operating personnel, is operated unattended on a utility grid, demonstrates reliable operation, and helps establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. The significant guideline consisted of a failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) during the design phase, hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation.

Mason, W. E. B.; Jones, B. G.

1981-01-01

182

Modified aerospace reliability and quality assurance method for wind turbines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety, reliability, and quality assurance (SR&QA) approach developed for the first large wind turbine generator project is described. The SR&QA approach was used to assure that the machine would not be hazardous to the public or operating personnel, would operate unattended on a utility grid, would demonstrate reliable operation and would help establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. A modified failure modes and effects analysis during the design phase, minimal hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation were presented.

Klein, W. E.

1980-01-01

183

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive  

E-print Network

and in this manner, we need a holistic system view that inspects contributions to risk and error in medical data displayed on the bedside monitor. nurse's station computer to enter Jane's identity, associating the data stream with Jane. Data entering mobile tablet associates with Jane's bedside monitor and sensor

Kotz, David

184

IAEA reference materials for quality assurance of marine radioactivity measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The IAEA's Marine Environment Laboratory has been assisting laboratories in Analytical Quality Control Services (AQCS) for the analysis of radionuclides in the marine environment since the early seventies. AQCS through world-wide and regional intercomparison exercises and the provision of reference methods and reference materials (RM) have been recognized as an important component of quality assurance\\/quality control. A total of 43

P. P. Povinec; M. K. Pham

2001-01-01

185

QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL Revised March 2009  

E-print Network

deficiencies; Assure that actions have favorable impact on the delivery of care by improving the system. 3 #12 clinic policies. 2. The process of health care will be assessed by procedural, analytical and focused Record audits. 3. The outcome of health care will be assessed by the careful examination of all completed

186

A workbook for preparing a district quality- assurance plan for water-quality activities  

USGS Publications Warehouse

APPEARS TO BE A REPORT ON HOW TO WRITE REPORTS --THE 'ABSTRACT' THAT FOLLOWS IS JUST THE GENERIC ABSTRACT TO BE USED FOR WATER USE REPORTS: In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the [State name] District in conducting water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the [State name] District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the District quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and to supplement the [State name] District quality-assurance plan.

Schertz, Terry L.; Childress, Carolyn J. O.; Kelly, Valerie J.; Boucher, Michelle S,; Pederson, Gary L.

1998-01-01

187

Pulp and paper industry experience with NPDES quality assurance requirements  

SciTech Connect

Representatives of the pulp and paper industry in the US have assembled guidelines for preparation for regulatory agency inspections of the framework of quality assurance associated with self-monitoring data collected for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) disharge monitoring report purposes. These guidelines address effluent flow measurement; sample collection, preservation, and analysis; analysis methods quality control; and record keeping. This paper summarizes the guidelines and presents examples of the experience of the industry with quality assurance-oriented inspections. 30 references, 1 table.

Fisher, R.P.

1985-06-01

188

Difficulties implementing a quality assurance program at a national laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Personnel who perform scientific research are highly educated, highly motivated professionals who are often leaders in their fields. A recent survey of researchers at Los Alamos shows that they like freedom and peer recognition, and dislike red tape. Rigid, prescriptive quality assurance programs are often fail because they are perceived to limit freedom and peer recognition and enhance red tape. This paper will present some of the reasons for research personnel to have rebelled against quality assurance programs and will offer suggestions for the development of a meaningful and successful quality program.

Bussolini, P.L.

1989-01-01

189

2011 SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The Software Quality Assurance engineer position was created in fiscal year 2011 to better maintain and improve the quality of the SAPHIRE 8 development program. This year's Software Quality Assurance tasks concentrated on developing the framework of the SQA program. This report reviews the accomplishments and recommendations for each of the subtasks set forth for JCN V6059: (1) Reviews, Tests, and Code Walkthroughs; (2) Data Dictionary; (3) Metrics; (4) Requirements Traceability Matrix; (5) Provide Oversight on SAPHIRE QA Activities; and (6) Support NRC Presentations and Meetings.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

190

Quality Assurance and Transparency Tools. ENQA Workshop Report 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA) realises that there is a steadily growing interest among students and all stakeholders of Higher Education and the public at large in accessing detailed and reliable information on the quality of individual study programmes, faculties and higher education institutions. ENQA…

Costes, Nathalie; Hopbach, Achim; Kekalainen, Helka; van IJperen, Robin; Walsh, Padraig

2010-01-01

191

Quality Assurance Systems, TQM, and the New Collegialism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the application of the International Organization for Standards's ISO9000 quality assurance standard and Total Quality Management (TQM) to higher education in light of the "new collegialism." It defines the basic elements of ISO9000 and TQM, reviews the strengths and weaknesses of both approaches, and notes efforts to…

Harvey, Lee

192

Opportunity or Exploitation? Women and Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on interviews with 18 UK women academics and managers on quality and power in higher education, this article interrogates the impact of quality assurance discourses and practices on women in higher education. Micro-level analysis of the effects of audit and the evaluative state seem to suggest that hegemonic masculinities and gendered power…

Morley, Louise

2005-01-01

193

Technical Editing as Quality Assurance: Adding Value to Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews typical software testing activities and then compares those activities to technical editing activities. Shows that by providing quality assurance through content editing, technical editors add value to the information development process and help give users the quality content they deserve. Concludes that product information must go…

Corbin, Michelle; Moell, Pat; Boyd Mike

2002-01-01

194

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 31: Quality-Assurance Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

195

A Quality Assurance Framework for Ontology Construction and Refinement  

E-print Network

of knowledge in various technical domains. Ontology engineering is an approach of interest for systematizationA Quality Assurance Framework for Ontology Construction and Refinement Mamoru Ohta, Kouji Kozaki and Riichiro Mizoguchi Abstract The quality of an ontology is an important factor that determines its utility

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

196

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

...recent registration under ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published by ISO: (i) With the application...proceed in accordance with ISO Q9001-2000, American National Standard, Quality...

2014-07-01

197

The Quality Education Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to implement W. Edwards Deming's Total Quality Management (TQM) principles in education and transform school systems into world-class, quality learning environments have proved somewhat disappointing. This book asserts that educators need a way to translate the ideas about corporate quality for adaptation and use in schools. The "missing…

Downey, Carolyn J.; And Others

198

Trading Quality across Borders: Colonial Discourse and International Quality Assurance Policies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability and quality assurance have become central discourses in higher education policy throughout the world. However, accountability and quality assurance involve power and control. Practices and ideas about quality developed in the Global North are spreading rapidly across the Global South, leading to increased uniformity in the…

Blanco Ramírez, Gerardo

2014-01-01

199

A Method for Evaluating Quality Assurance Needs in Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed.

Huq, M. Saiful [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)], E-mail: huqs@upmc.edu; Fraass, Benedick A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Dunscombe, Peter B. [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Center, Calgary, AB (Canada); Gibbons, John P. [Department of Medical Physics, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Medin, Paul M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE (United States); Mundt, Arno [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States); Mutic, Sassa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St. Louis, MO (United States); Palta, Jatinder R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States); Yorke, Ellen D. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2008-05-01

200

Quality Assurance in Publication Processes of Environmental Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For a researcher the publication of his work is a very important part for building up his reputation. At the moment this is mainly done by producing written publications, but the publication of raw data will become more important in the coming years. Actually there are some problems especially how to ensure the quality of this data. Besides a thorough review of the metadata the primary data itself has to be quality assured as well. In the project "Publikation Umweltdaten" (Publication of Environmental Data) standard procedures for publishing raw data and the homogenization of metadata are developed. A focus is set on quality assurance procedures for the metadata and the data itself. For this purpose the web-based workflow software "Atarrabi" has been developed, which supports the publication agent at the data centre as well as the author to review the metadata. It also documents the quality assurance procedures. For the latter the project provides an R package, named "qat", to help the scientist to perform and document quality checks on the primary data. Both, Atarrabi and qat, have been made publicly available. This contribution will give an insight into the work of the project and its implications for the future of data publication. It will present the developed software solutions and procedures and shows, which opportunities lay in quality assured publication of environmental data.

Düsterhus, A.; Quadt, F.; Höck, H.; Stockhause, M.; Toussaint, F.; Dames, M.; Lautenschlager, M.; Hense, A. V.; Hense, A. N.

2012-04-01

201

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

202

Development of quality assurance methods for epoxy graphite prepreg  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy/prepregs were developed. Liquid chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, and gel permeation chromatography were investigated. These methods were applied to a second prepreg system. The resin matrix formulation was correlated with mechanical properties. Dynamic mechanical analysis and fracture toughness methods were investigated. The chromatography and calorimetry techniques were all successfully developed as quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy prepregs. The liquid chromatography method was the most sensitive to changes in resin formulation. The were also successfully applied to the second prepreg system.

Chen, J. S.; Hunter, A. B.

1982-01-01

203

200 Area Liquid Effluent Facilities -- Quality assurance program plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance and management controls used by the 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facilities (LEF) to perform its activities in accordance with DOE Order 5700.6C. The 200 Area LEF consists of the following facilities: Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF); Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF); Liquid Effluent Retention facility (LERF); and Truck Loading Facility -- (Project W291). The intent is to ensure that all activities such as collection of effluents, treatment, concentration of secondary wastes, verification, sampling and disposal of treated effluents and solids related with the LEF operations, conform to established requirements.

Fernandez, L.

1995-03-13

204

From Quality Assurance to Quality Practices: An Investigation of Strong Microcultures in Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the main beliefs in quality assurance is that this activity--indirectly--will stimulate change in the work practices associated with teaching and learning in higher education. However, few studies have provided empirical evidence of the existence of such a link. Instead, quality assurance has created an unfortunate divide between formal…

Mårtensson, Katarina; Roxå, Torgny; Stensaker, Bjørn

2014-01-01

205

HANDBOOK: QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations for hazardous waste incineration require trial burns by permit applicants. uality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) must accompany a trial burn plan with appropriate quality assurance/quality control procedures. uidance on the prepa...

206

The role of quality assurance in computer inspections.  

PubMed

Changing technology affords the Quality Assurance auditor with the challenge of applying computer validation concepts to a variety of computer system types. In addition, these technology changes have caused the developers role to change as well. In an innovative research facility, the developer may include an in-house professional group, a vendor, or an end-user. With these issues in mind, the QA auditor needs a tool to accomplish the task of inspecting systems as they are being created. The prospective inspection process is the tool for accomplishing this task. This inspection involves the QA auditor's involvement in the development of a new system, as a member of the development team, from the initial creation through the implementation of the computer system. This presentation will focus on illustrating the steps in conducting the prospective inspection process, from expected deliverables and document reviews to final report and management notification. The benefits of QA involvement in the development process will also be discussed. PMID:7804616

Gauntlett, N

1994-03-01

207

BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING TOWARDS DATA QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

and support business activities. However, inadequate data quality often causes severe economic and social representation of a real world business entity. To address this problem, we have taken an organizational cause social and economic problems in organizations, which very often, only react to its consequences

208

Java Quality Assurance by Detecting Code Smells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software inspection is a known technique for improving soft- ware quality. It involves carefully examining the code, the design, and the documentation of software and checking these for aspects that are known to be potentially problem- atic based on past experience. Code smells are a metaphor to describe patterns that are generally associated with bad design and bad programming practices.

Eva Van Emden; Leon Moonen

2002-01-01

209

SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance Software Metrics Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review of software metrics is to examine the quality of the metrics gathered in the 2010 IV&V and to set an outline for results of updated metrics runs to be performed. We find from the review that the maintenance of accepted quality standards presented in the SAPHIRE 8 initial Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) of April, 2010 is most easily achieved by continuing to utilize the tools used in that effort while adding a metric of bug tracking and resolution. Recommendations from the final IV&V were to continue periodic measurable metrics such as McCabe's complexity measure to ensure quality is maintained. The four software tools used to measure quality in the IV&V were CodeHealer, Coverage Validator, Memory Validator, Performance Validator, and Thread Validator. These are evaluated based on their capabilities. We attempted to run their latest revisions with the newer Delphi 2010 based SAPHIRE 8 code that has been developed and was successful with all of the Validator series of tools on small tests. Another recommendation from the IV&V was to incorporate a bug tracking and resolution metric. To improve our capability of producing this metric, we integrated our current web reporting system with the SpiraTest test management software purchased earlier this year to track requirements traceability.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-08-01

210

Copyright and the Assurance of Quality Courseware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues related to the illegal copying or piracy of educational software in the schools and its potential effect on quality software availability are discussed. Copyright violation is examined as a reason some software producers may be abandoning the school software market. An explanation of what the copyright allows and prohibits in terms of…

Helm, Virginia M.

211

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES. Project Summary  

EPA Science Inventory

It is generally agreed that both quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) are essential to the proper installation and eventual performance of environmentally safe and secure waste containment systems. Even further, there are both manufacturing and construction aspects to...

212

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. he document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic drai...

213

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. The document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic dr...

214

Quality Assurance/Quality Control Guidance for Laboratories Performing PCR Analyses on Environmental Samples.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Introduction; Laboratory Quality Assurance; Reagents, Kits, Primer Sets, and Enzymes; Method Development and Assessment; Quality Control Samples for Methods Using PCR; Data Recording, Record Keeping, and Data Evaluation; Glossary; Refer...

2004-01-01

215

Legacy Management CERCLA Sites Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

S.M. Stoller Corporation is the contractor for the Technical Assistance Contract (TAC) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) operations. Stoller employs a management system that applies to all programs, projects, and business management systems funded through DOE-LM task orders. The management system incorporates the philosophy, policies, and requirements of health and safety, environmental compliance, and quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of project planning and implementation. Health and safety requirements are documented in the Health and Safety Manual (STO 2), the Radiological Control Manual (STO 3), the Integrated Safety Management System Description (STO 10), and the Drilling Health and Safety Requirements (STO 14). Environmental compliance policy and requirements are documented in the Environmental Management Program Implementation Manual (STO 11). The QA Program is documented in the Quality Assurance Manual (STO 1). The QA Manual (STO 1) implements the specific requirements and philosophy of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This manual also includes the requirements of other standards that are regularly imposed by customers, regulators, or other DOE orders. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 830, “Quality Assurance Requirements,” ANSI/ASQC E4-2004, “Quality Systems for Environmental Data and Technology Programs – Requirements with Guidance for Use,” and ISO 14001-2004, “Environmental Management Systems,” have been included. These standards are similar in content. The intent of the QA Manual (STO 1) is to provide a QA management system that incorporates the requirements and philosophy of DOE and other customers within the QA Manual. Criterion 1, “Quality Assurance Program,” identifies the fundamental requirements for establishing and implementing the QA management system; QA Instruction (QAI) 1.1, “QA Program Implementation,” identifies the TAC organizations that have responsibility for implementing the QA program requirements; and Appendix C of the QA Manual provides comparison tables that identify where the requirements of other standards are addressed in the QA Manual.

none,

2007-05-03

216

Quality assurance as applied to an occupational medical surveillance program  

SciTech Connect

Surveillance of workers for effects of workplace hazards involves hazard identification and monitoring, worker identification, selection of appropriate medical protocol, onsite medical examination, as well as scheduling, evaluation, and recording of data. A computer-assisted quality assurance program was implemented to ensure that all steps in the process are accomplished in a complete and timely manner. 3 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Furman, F.J.

1990-06-12

217

Teaching Quality Assurance TQA Manual -Introduction and Contents  

E-print Network

Teaching Quality Assurance TQA Manual - Introduction and Contents Guidelines for constructing a Code of Practice in teaching and learning 1. Introduction 1.1. A member of academic staff be respected. Teaching is an important aspect of academic life, and it is the input from the personal

Mumby, Peter J.

218

Quality Assurance as Pedagogy for Academic Forensic Anthropology Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

A surety-based quality assurance program is the hallmark of an efficient and reliable forensic laboratory, as well as a basic requirement for accreditation and\\/or certification. Most forensic laboratories are staffed by professional scientists who have completed their education and training. However, many, if not most, forensic anthropology laboratories are placed in academic institutions in which graduate education is a primary

Michael W. Warren; Traci Van Deest; Kristina Ballard

2011-01-01

219

Quality assurance, documentation, and peer review by home birth CNMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unique characteristics of home birth practice for certified nurse-widwives (CNMs) are applied to a quality assurance program. This article explores the multiple purposes, benefits, and elements of documentation as they specifically apply to home birth. The steps of documentation for a home birth practice are outlined and the three current models to consider in setting up positive peer review

M. Elisa Morales; Sandra Maliszewski; Margaret Greenless

1995-01-01

220

Patient dosimetry quality assurance program with a commerical diode system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to evaluate a commercial silicone diode dosimeter for a patient dosimetry quality assurance program. The diode dosimeter was calibrated against an ion chamber, and percentage depth dose, linearity, anisotrophy, virtual source position, and field size factor studies were performed. Correction factors for lack of full scatter medium in the diode entrance and exit dose measurements were acquired.

Plato C. Lee; Joanna M. Sawicka; Glenn P. Glasgow

1994-01-01

221

Australian Indigenous Perspectives on Quality Assurance in Children's Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government has recently committed to the development of an integrated system of assuring national quality standards for Australian childcare and preschool services (Australian Government, 2008). This article addresses two fundamental issues relating to the development of an integrated system as it applies to Indigenous children's…

Hutchins, Teresa; Frances, Katie; Saggers, Sherry

2009-01-01

222

An approach to software quality assurance for robotic inspection systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software quality assurance (SQA) for robotic systems used in nuclear waste applications is vital to ensure that these systems operate safely and reliably and pose a minimum risk to the environment. This paper describes the approach to be taken for SQA for the control and data acquisition system for a robotic system that is being developed for remote surveillance and

Kiebel

1993-01-01

223

An approach to software quality assurance for robotic inspection systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software quality assurance (SQA) for robotic systems used in nuclear waste applications is vital to ensure that the systems operate safely and reliably and pose a minimum risk to humans and the environment. This paper describes the SQA approach for the control and data acquisition system for a robotic system being developed for remote surveillance and inspection of underground storage

Kiebel

1993-01-01

224

SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE--SECOND EDITION  

EPA Science Inventory

Use of the first edition of the "Soil Sampling Quality Assurance User's Guide" as a text in a series of seminars conducted at various U.S. EPA Regional Offices elicited many constructive comments for improvements from seminar attendees. Many of these suggested improvements have b...

225

Quality assurance and gender discrimination in English universities: an investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper argues that university quality assurance (QA) promotes a masculinist culture leading to systemic discrimination against female academics. The analysis relates to the question of what it is about academic life that results in persistent gender inequality. Based on an ethnographically informed comparative study, textual\\/discourse analysis of 30 interviewee transcripts reveals disguised messages about QA. The interpretation argued

Jayne Smith

2008-01-01

226

GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

227

Quality assurance in surgical oncology. Colorectal cancer as an example.  

PubMed

Quality assurance in surgical oncology is a field of growing importance. National, regional and local systems have been built up in many countries. Often the quality assurance projects are linked to different registers. The advantage of such a link is the possibility of obtaining population-based data from unselected health care institutions. Few discussions of results from such projects have been published. Quality assurance of colorectal cancer surgery implies the development and use of systems for improvement all the way from detection of the cancer to the outcome as survival and patient satisfaction. To achieve this we must know what methods are being used and the outcome of our treatments. Designing processes for improvement necessitates careful planning, including decisions about end-points. Some crucial issues are discussed step-by-step in the present paper. In addition to auditing and providing collegial feedback, quality assurance is a tool for closing the gap between clinical practice and evidence based medicine and for creating new evidences as well as monitoring the introduction of new techniques and their effects. PMID:12559084

Gunnarsson, Ulf

2003-02-01

228

Higher Education Quality Assurance Organisations in Central and Eastern Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the development of intermediary, or buffer, bodies dealing with quality assurance in higher education in Central and Eastern Europe over the past 10 years. It relates these developments to the context of communist-era centralisation and control, and to more recent interventions by international aid agencies. The lessons that…

Temple, Paul; Billing, David

2003-01-01

229

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It might not have been quite what he had in mind when he said it, but Aristotle was right: good quality assurance must be a habit embedded at every level within higher education, not an isolated occurrence. But even good habits can become mere routine, in danger of being emptied of their original purpose and meaning. Periodically, review and…

McClaran, Anthony

2010-01-01

230

Quality Assured Assessment Processes: Evaluating Staff Response to Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical education is not exempt from the increasing societal expectations of accountability and this is evidenced by an increasing number of litigation cases by students who are dissatisfied with their assessment. The time and monetary costs of student appeals makes it imperative that medical schools adopt robust quality assured assessment…

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig; Malau-Aduli, Aduli E. O.

2011-01-01

231

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EFFECTS RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

This document is a statement of the quality assurance (QA) policy of the Health Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (HERL-RTP). It describes the HERL-RTP QA organization and the QA responsibilities of both mana...

232

WET DEPOSITION AND SNOWPACK MONITORING OPERATIONS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual (user's guide) describes the quality assurance plan and operations protocols for a comparative study of snow collection instruments being conducted on Mt. Evans. Instruments to be compared include the Aerochem Metrics Model 301 wet/dry deposition collector, the Belfort...

233

Assuring Quality Control of Clinical Education in Multiple Clinical Affiliates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A plan was developed to assure equivalency of clinical education among the medical laboratory technician (MLT) programs affiliated with Sandhills Community College. The plan was designed by faculty to monitor the quality of clinical courses offered by the clinical affiliates. The major strategies were to develop competencies, slide/tape modules, a…

Davis, Judith A.

234

Running around in Circles: Quality Assurance Reforms in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the implementation of a quality assurance system in Georgia as a particular case of "Bologna transplant" in a transitioning country. In particular, the article discusses to what extent new concepts, institutions and models framed as "European" have been institutionalised in Georgia. Based on an outcome…

Jibladze, Elene

2013-01-01

235

Z .Geomorphology 29 1999 173185 Quality assurance in luminescence dating  

E-print Network

Z .Geomorphology 29 1999 173­185 Quality assurance in luminescence dating Michele L. Clarke a Recent advances in luminescence dating have led to increasing application of the technique to sediments and deposition under turbid conditions. The complete zeroing of the luminescence signal, by exposure to light

Clarke, Michèle

236

QUALITY ASSURANCE RESEARCH PLAN, FY 1978-82  

EPA Science Inventory

The Office of Research and Development (ORD), through its Office of Monitoring and Technical Support, is responsible for developing an Agency-wide quality assurance program to enable the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to implement its regulatory mission and associated...

237

Reconciling Organisational Culture and External Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organisational culture and external quality assurance have both been presented as significant drivers of effectiveness, efficiency and excellence in higher education institutions. However, these assumptions have not been critically examined given the philosophical, conceptual and methodological contestations surrounding both constructs. A…

Naidoo, Dhaya

2013-01-01

238

Quality assurance best practices for simulation-based examinations.  

PubMed

Whether used for formative or summative evaluation, health professions schools, residency programs, continuing medical education programs, and specialty boards using simulation-based assessment must consider quality assurance methods to ensure reliable results. This article addresses the content, training, and administrative protocols that are necessary for findings based on valid, reliable, and fair assessments. PMID:21330801

Furman, Gail E; Smee, Sydney; Wilson, Crystal

2010-08-01

239

Developing a Quality Assurance Metric: A Panoptic View  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a variety of techniques that lecturers can use to get feedback on their teaching--for example, module feedback and coursework results. However, a question arises about how reliable and valid are the content that goes into these quality assurance metrics. The aim of this article is to present a new approach for collecting and analysing…

Love, Steve; Scoble, Rosa

2006-01-01

240

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must use Q...

241

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must...

242

Quality assurance and risk management in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality-control (QC) taskforce for the Japanese Society of Radiological Technology assesses QC activities found in radiology\\u000a departments throughout Japan by way of questionnaires sent out to nearly 500 hospitals. The average response rate is 44%.\\u000a With the data collected from the questionnaires, the problems seen in Japanese hospitals, in terms of QC and risk management,\\u000a are identified, and suggestions

N. Sato

1994-01-01

243

Quality assurance in the Brenham Residue Lab  

E-print Network

I. Introduction II. Quality Program Specifics III. Sample Background IV. Residue Sample Background V. Soils VI. Plant and Vegetation Material VII. Rural Groundwater Survey VIII. Specific Applications IX. Conclusions X. PAM 232. 4 Recovery... Results XI. PAM 212. 1 Recovery Results XII. Acetone Extraction Recovery Results XIII. Methanol Extraction Recovery Results XIV. EPA Draft Method Recovery Results XV. References XVI. Vita 10 17 19 24 28 30 33 66 67 LIST OF TABLES I. Table...

Jackson, Jerry

2012-06-07

244

Thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The Czech thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD) quality assurance network was established in 1997. Its aim is to pursue a regular independent quality audit in Czech radiotherapy centres and to support state supervision.Materials and methods: The audit is realised via mailed TL dosimetry. The TLD system consists of encapsulated LiF:Mg,Ti powder (type MT-N) read with Harshaw manual reader model 4000. Basic

Daniela Kroutil??ková; Josef Novotný; Libor Judas

2003-01-01

245

Impact of ISO 9000 series on power plant quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the concept of Quality Assurance System as standardized in the series of International Standards ISO 9000 to ISO 9004. The various elements contained in the many and different approaches by the individual nations towards Quality System are included in these standards. They have been conceived to be adopted by the member countries of the International Standards Organization. National and individual systems aimed mainly to be applied to nuclear related activities have been generalized, so that these IS0 9000 series can be applied to all industrial fields. The ISO 9000 series of standards five guidelines regarding the requirement son Policy, Management, System, Control and Assurance to achieve and sustain the quality level required. Supplementing these system related standards further European or national rules and regulations applicable to specific product fields exist and should be taken into account.

Leich, K.E.; Lakshmanan, R. (Deutsche Babcock AG, Oberhausen (Germany, F.R.))

1990-01-01

246

Technical aspects of quality assurance in radiation oncology  

PubMed Central

The technical aspects of quality assurance (QA) in radiation oncology as practice in the United States will be reviewed and updated in the spirit of offering the experience to the radiation oncology communities in the Asia-Pacific region. The word “technical” is used to express the organisational components or processes and not the materials within the QA program. A comprehensive QA program in radiation oncology will have an official statement declaring the quality plan for effective patient care services it provides in a document. The QA program will include all aspects of patient care: physical, clinical, and medical aspects of the services. The document will describe the organisational structure, responsibilities, checks and procedures, and resources allocated to ensure the successful implementation of the quality of patient management. Regulatory guidelines and guidelines from accreditation agencies should be incorporated in the QA program to ensure compliance. The organisational structure will have a multidisciplinary QA committee that has the authority to evaluate continuously the effectiveness of the QA program to provide prompt corrective recommendations and to request feedback as needed to monitor the response. The continuous monitoring aspects require meetings to be held at regular intervals with the minutes of the meetings officially recorded and documented. To ensure that a QA program is effective, the program itself should be audited for quality at regular intervals at least annually. It has been recognised that the current QA program has not kept abreast with the rapid implementation of new and advanced radiation therapy technologies with the most recent in image-based radiation therapy technology. The societal bodies (ASTRO and AAPM) and federal agency (NCI) acknowledge this inadequacy and have held workshops to address this issue. The challenges for the societal bodies and federal agency are numerous that include (a) the prescriptive methodology used may not be appropriate for currently implemented new technologies, (b) resources are becoming scarce, (c) advanced radiation therapy technologies have been introduced too rapidly, (d) advances in radiation therapy technologies have become too sophisticated and specialised with each therapy modality having its own separate set of equipment, for example its own dose planning software, computer system and dose delivery systems requiring individualised QA procedures. At the present time, industrial engineers are being recruited to assist in devising a methodology that is broad-based and more process-oriented risk-based formulation of QA in radiation oncology. PMID:21611011

Saw, CB; Ferenci, MS; Wanger, H

2008-01-01

247

Assuring the Quality of Safety Analyses and Safety Analysis Documentation  

SciTech Connect

Planning, preparation, and submittal of safety analysis reports might be pursued in a manner similar to a quality-related procurement, where customer needs, expectations and acceptance criteria are established in advance. Then the product/service provider, the contractor, should apply various quality control processes to assure the desired characteristics of the product safety analysis documents. Improving the quality and acceptability to DOE of safety documents at first submittal should result in a more expeditious DOE review and approval process, thereby reducing costs of network and recycle through reviews.

Johnson, John Edwin

2000-05-01

248

APPLICATION OF SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES TO ENVIORNMENTAL RESEARCH INVOLVING SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

As EPA’s environmental research expands into new areas that involve the development of software, quality assurance concepts and procedures that were originally developed for environmental data collection may not be appropriate. Fortunately, software quality assurance is a ...

249

Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

2002-09-30

250

The 10 essential activities of the quality assurance unit.  

PubMed

It is certainly my pleasure to be here today. Several months ago, Pat Pomerleau invited me to be on your program. At the time, I had no idea that I would be speaking as Paul Lepore, private citizen, rather than Paul Lepore, regulator and bureaucrat. However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made me an offer I could not refuse and, upon considerable thought, I retired effective September 30, 1994. Immediately, I called Pat for advice on how to deal with my planned presentation before you. Graciously, she said that she did not believe that I would forget all I knew about Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) over 1 weekend and that the Society would love to have me anyway. Today, I intend to discuss the 10 essential activities of a properly functioning quality assurance Unit (GAU). I will summarize the importance of records and documentation to the unit and I will close with some comments on achieving regulatory compliance. My remarks are intended to emphasize that an effective, active quality assurance unit is crucial for ensuring data quality, and that attention paid to day-to-day quality assurance activities will foster regulatory compliance. PMID:8520862

Lepore, P

1995-03-01

251

UMTRA project technical assistance contractor quality assurance implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Technical Assistance contractor (TAC) Quality Assurance Implementation Plan (QAIP) outlines the primary requirements for integrating quality functions for TAC technical activities applied to the surface and ground water phases of the UMTRA Project. The QAIP is subordinate to the latest issue of the UMTRA Project TAC Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) (DOE, 1993a), which was developed using US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5700.6C quality assurance (QA) criteria. The QAIP addresses technical aspects of the TAC UMTRA Project surface and ground water programs. All QA issues in the QAIP shall comply with requirements contained in the TAC QAPP (DOE, 1933a). Because industry standards for data acquisition and data control are not addressed in DOE Order 5700.6C, the QAIP has been formatted to the 14 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) QA requirements. DOE Order 5700.6C criteria that are not contained in the CERCLA requirements are added to the QAIP as additional requirements in Sections 15.0 through 18.0. Project documents that contain CERCLA requirements and 5700.6 criteria shall be referenced in this document to avoid duplication. Referenced documents are not included in this QAIP but are available through the UMTRA Project Document Control Center.

Not Available

1994-03-01

252

242-A Evaporator quality assurance plan. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is to provide requirements for activities pertaining to sampling, shipping, and analyses associated with candidate feed tank samples for the 242-A Evaporator project. The purpose of the 242-A Evaporator project is to reduce the volume of aqueous waste in the Double Shell Tank (DST) System and will result in considerable savings to the disposal of mixed waste. The 242-A Evaporator feed stream originates from DSTs identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A Evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending the condensate (called process condensate) to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LEPF) storage basin where it is stored prior to treatment in the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF). The objective of this quality assurance project plan is to provide the planning, implementation, and assessment of sample collection and analysis, data issuance, and validation activities for the candidate feed tanks.

Basra, T.S.

1995-05-04

253

Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

1993-01-01

254

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2012-07-01

255

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2010-07-01

256

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2011-07-01

257

Development of Ambulatory Quality Assurance Program Using Computerized Medical Records  

PubMed Central

As part of the computerization of the ambulatory teaching facility for our residency program, we have successfully utilized a comprehensive computerized medical records system to develop a specific quality assurance program. Our QA program includes allergy audits, health screening audits, drug utilization and recall audits, and nursing care plan audits. With a computerized QA program, specific question about individual patients as well as questions regarding our patient population are quickly addressed. Also, our routine health screening has been greatly enhanced.

Shrader, J.; Wright, C.; Mieczkowski, L.; McDonald, S.

1993-01-01

258

High dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy quality assurance: a practical guide.  

PubMed

The widespread adoption of high dose rate brachytherapy with its inherent dangers necessitates adoption of appropriate quality assurance measures to minimize risks to both patients and medical staff. This paper is aimed at assisting someone who is establishing a new program or revising one already in place into adhere to the recently issued Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USA) regulations and the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine. PMID:21614233

Wilkinson, D A

2006-04-01

259

Quality Assurance procedures for the construction of ALICE TOF detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of the MRPC-detector production for the ALICE TOF is to guarantee the same excellent performances obtained so far with all the prototypes. A set of quality assurance tests has been developed for this purpose; these tests are applied both to the single chamber components and to the assembled detectors. In this paper the results of these tests over a few hundreds MRPCs of the mass production will be presented.

Akindinov, A.; Alessandrini, S.; Alici, A.; Antonioli, P.; Arcelli, S.; Basile, M.; Cara Romeo, G.; Cavazza, D.; Cifarelli, L.; Cindolo, F.; D'Antone, I.; De Caro, A.; De Pasquale, S.; Di Bartolomeo, A.; Furini, M.; Fusco Girard, M.; Golovin, V.; Grishuk, Yu.; Guerzoni, M.; Guida, M.; Hatzifotiadou, D.; Jung, W. W.; Kim, H. N.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, D. W.; Kiselev, S.; Laurenti, G.; Luvisetto, M. L.; Mal'kevich, D.; Margotti, A.; Massera, F.; Meneghini, S.; Michinelli, R.; Nania, R.; Noferini, F.; Pancaldi, G.; Pesci, A.; Pilastrini, R.; Pinazza, O.; Preghenella, R.; Rizzi, M.; Ryabinin, M.; Scapparone, E.; Scioli, G.; Sellitto, S.; Semeria, F.; Serra, S.; Silvestri, R.; Smirnitski, A.; Ugolini, E.; Usenko, E.; Voloshin, K.; Williams, M. C. S.; Zagreev, B.; Zampolli, C.; Zichichi, A.; Zinine, A.; Zucchini, A.; Zuffa, M.

2006-08-01

260

Gastric cancer: staging, treatment, and surgical quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research described in this thesis focuses on several aspects of gastric cancer care: staging and prognostication, multimodality treatment, and surgical quality assurance.\\u000a\\u000aPART I - STAGING AND PROGNOSTICATION\\u000aCancer staging is one of the fundamental activities in oncology.6,7 For over 50 years, the TNM classification has been a standard in classifying the anatomic extent of disease.8 In order to maintain

Johannes Leen Dikken

2012-01-01

261

External Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Making Choices. Fundamentals of Educational Planning 85  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet aims to provide policy advice and support to decision-makers and managers in the area of quality assurance in higher education. In order to do so, the authors describe and discuss major issues that decision-makers in charge of quality assurance need to consider for the creation or development of an external quality assurance (EQA)…

Martin, Michaela; Stella, Antony

2007-01-01

262

A quality assurance system based on ISO standards: experience in a radiotherapy department  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European radiotherapy society has for many years had a great interest in quality assurance. The EORTC radiotherapy group has put enormous effort into its quality assurance programmes. However, besides programmes for dosimetry and guide-lines for infrastructure, the organisation of a department should also be subject to a quality assurance system. In 1992, in the radiotherapy department in Leiden, a

J. W. H. Leer; R. Corver; J. J. A. M. Kraus; J. Ch. v. d. Togt; O. J. S. Buruma

1995-01-01

263

Regulatory Intermediation and Quality Assurance in Higher Education: The Case of the Auditors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper takes the external quality assurance of English universities and colleges as an example of regulation in higher education as undertaken by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA). Regulatory scholarship generally has been largely disinterested in higher education and the paper applies a "regulatory lens" to higher education quality assurance.…

King, Roger; Griffiths, Paul; Williams, Ruth

2007-01-01

264

[Determination of tumor biological parameters in breast cancer: round robin testing for quality assurance].  

PubMed

Round robin testing for quality assurance in the determination of the breast cancer biomarkers estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and epithelial growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) have been carried out in Germany for 13 years. As the first quality assurance trial worldwide tissue microarrays with 20 different breast cancer specimens were used. As a further innovation the challenges were split into a test part representing routine cases and a training part enriched with difficult borderline cases in order to uncover latent weaknesses in the participating laboratories. Certificates are issued based exclusively on the test part. Similar to NordiQC and UKNequas stained slides are assessed externally and the quality of staining and evaluation are considered separately. Since 2010 an additional internet-based trial without assessment of the staining quality is offered for ER and PR. Since the introduction of the round robin trials the numbers of participants (n?=?200-250) and the success rates have steadily increased. The breast cancer quality assurance trial ranks first with regard to the number of participants in Germany. It could be demonstrated that regular participation in the round robin test leads to an improvement of staining results of ER, PR and HER2 and hence appears to be mandatory for maintaining quality standards. The use of fully automated immunohistochemical staining procedures has steadily increased and these are now used by approximately 50?% of participants. PMID:24496992

Liessem, S; Winkens, W; Jonigk, D; Wasielewski, R V; Fisseler-Eckhoff, A; Rüschoff, J; Kreipe, H-H

2014-02-01

265

National Ignition Facility Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a key constituent of the Department of Energy`s Stockpile Stewardship Program. The NIF will use inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to produce ignition and energy gain in ICF targets, and will perform weapons physics and high-energy- density experiments in support of national security and civilian objectives. The NIF Project is a national facility involving the collaboration of several DOE laboratories and subcontractors, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR/LLE). The primary mission of the NIF Project is the construction and start-up operation of laser-based facilities that will demonstrate fusion ignition in the laboratory to provide nuclear-weapons-related physics data, and secondarily, to propagate fusion burn aimed at developing a potential source of civilian energy. To support the accomplishment of this very important mission, the LLNL Laser Directorate created the NIF Project Office to organize and bring about the Project. The NIF Project Office has established this Quality Assurance Program to ensure its success. This issue of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) adds the requirements for the conduct of Title 11 design, construction, procurement, and Title III engineering. This QAPP defines and describes the program-the management system-for specifying, achieving, and assuring the quality of all NIF Project work consistent with the policies of the Laboratory and the Laser Directorate.

Wolfe, C.R.; Yatabe, J.

1996-09-01

266

Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research  

SciTech Connect

How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1990-04-12

267

Quality measures and assurance for AI (Artificial Intelligence) software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is concerned with the application of software quality and evaluation measures to AI software and, more broadly, with the question of quality assurance for AI software. Considered are not only the metrics that attempt to measure some aspect of software quality, but also the methodologies and techniques (such as systematic testing) that attempt to improve some dimension of quality, without necessarily quantifying the extent of the improvement. The report is divided into three parts Part 1 reviews existing software quality measures, i.e., those that have been developed for, and applied to, conventional software. Part 2 considers the characteristics of AI software, the applicability and potential utility of measures and techniques identified in the first part, and reviews those few methods developed specifically for AI software. Part 3 presents an assessment and recommendations for the further exploration of this important area.

Rushby, John

1988-01-01

268

A comprehensive framework for quality assurance in clinical trials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomarkers captured by medical images are increasingly used as indicators for the efficacy or safety of a certain drug or treatment for clinical trials. For example, medical images such as CT or MR are often used for extracting quantitative measurements for the assessment of tumor treatment response while evaluating a chemotherapy drug for therapeutic cancer trials. Quality assurance is defined as "All those planned and systematic actions that are established to ensure that the trial is performed and the data are generated, documented (recorded), and reported in compliance with good clinical practice (GCP) and the applicable regulatory requirement(s)" [1]. Our objective is to build a generalized and an automated framework for quality assurance within the clinical trials workflow. In order to reach this goal, a set of standardized software tools have been developed for quality assurance. Furthermore, we outline some guidelines as recommendations for the users handling the image data within the research workflow. The software tools developed include tools for image selection, image pseudonymization and image quality conformance check. The export tools are developed based on the specifications of the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Teaching and Clinical Trial Export (TCE) profile. A DICOM-based quality conformance approach has been developed by validating the DICOM header attributes required for a certain imaging application (e.g. CAD, MPR, 3D) and comparing imaging acquisition parameters against the protocol specification. A formal description language is used to represent such quality requirements. For evaluation, imaging data collected from a clinical trial site were validated against Multi-Planar Reconstruction (MPR). We found that out of 60 studies, about 30% of image series volumes failed the MPR check for some common reasons.

El Gazzar, Omar; Onken, Michael; Eichelberg, Marco; Hein, Andreas; Kotter, Elmar

2012-02-01

269

Lot quality assurance sampling to monitor supplemental immunization activity quality: an essential tool for improving performance in polio endemic countries.  

PubMed

Monitoring the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) is a key tool for polio eradication. Regular monitoring data, however, are often unreliable, showing high coverage levels in virtually all areas, including those with ongoing virus circulation. To address this challenge, lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) was introduced in 2009 as an additional tool to monitor SIA quality. Now used in 8 countries, LQAS provides a number of programmatic benefits: identifying areas of weak coverage quality with statistical reliability, differentiating areas of varying coverage with greater precision, and allowing for trend analysis of campaign quality. LQAS also accommodates changes to survey format, interpretation thresholds, evaluations of sample size, and data collection through mobile phones to improve timeliness of reporting and allow for visualization of campaign quality. LQAS becomes increasingly important to address remaining gaps in SIA quality and help focus resources on high-risk areas to prevent the continued transmission of wild poliovirus. PMID:25316852

Brown, Alexandra E; Okayasu, Hiromasa; Nzioki, Michael M; Wadood, Mufti Z; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Quddus, Arshad; Walker, George; Sutter, Roland W

2014-11-01

270

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) quality assurance expert systems development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) expert system prototypes have been developed to assist in the quality assurance of Spacelab and/or Attached Shuttle Payload (ASP) processed telemetry data. SLDPF functions include the capturing, quality monitoring, processing, accounting, and forwarding of mission data to various user facilities. Prototypes for the two SLDPF functional elements, the Spacelab Output Processing System and the Spacelab Input Processing Element, are described. The prototypes have produced beneficial results including an increase in analyst productivity, a decrease in the burden of tedious analyses, the consistent evaluation of data, and the providing of concise historical records.

Kelly, Angelita C.; Basile, Lisa; Ames, Troy; Watson, Janice; Dallam, William

1987-01-01

271

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) quality assurance expert systems development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) expert system prototypes were developed to assist in the quality assurance of Spacelab and/or Attached Shuttle Payload (ASP) processed telemetry data. The SLDPF functions include the capturing, quality monitoring, processing, accounting, and forwarding of mission data to various user facilities. Prototypes for the two SLDPF functional elements, the Spacelab Output Processing System and the Spacelab Input Processing Element, are described. The prototypes have produced beneficial results including an increase in analyst productivity, a decrease in the burden of tedious analyses, the consistent evaluation of data, and the providing of concise historical records.

Kelly, Angelita C.; Basile, Lisa; Ames, Troy; Watson, Janice; Dallam, William

1987-01-01

272

UMTRA technical assistance contractor quality assurance program plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAc Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements.

Not Available

1994-10-01

273

Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data  

SciTech Connect

This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

RA Peppler; KE Kehoe; KL Sonntag; CP Bahrmann; SJ Richardson; SW Christensen; RA McCord; DJ Doty; R Wagener; RC Eagan; JC Lijegren; BW Orr; DL Sisterson; TD Halter; NN Keck; CN Long; MC Macduff; JH Mather; RC Perez; JW Voyles; MD Ivey; ST Moore; DL Nitschke; BD Perkins; DD Turner

2008-03-01

274

Developing a quality assurance program for online services.  

PubMed Central

A quality assurance (QA) program provides not only a mechanism for establishing training and competency standards, but also a method for continuously monitoring current service practices to correct shortcomings. The typical QA cycle includes these basic steps: select subject for review, establish measurable standards, evaluate existing services using the standards, identify problems, implement solutions, and reevaluate services. The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library (CMHSL) developed a quality assurance program for online services designed to evaluate services against specific criteria identified by research studies as being important to customer satisfaction. These criteria include reliability, responsiveness, approachability, communication, and physical factors. The application of these criteria to the library's existing online services in the quality review process is discussed with specific examples of the problems identified in each service area, as well as the solutions implemented to correct deficiencies. The application of the QA cycle to an online services program serves as a model of possible interventions. The use of QA principles to enhance online service quality can be extended to other library service areas. PMID:1909197

Humphries, A W; Naisawald, G V

1991-01-01

275

Code of practice for the assurance of academic quality and standards in higher education  

E-print Network

Code of practice for the assurance of academic quality and standards in higher education Section 1 Assurance Agency for Higher Education 2004 ISBN 1 84482 168 4 All the Agency's publications are available of practice for the assurance of academic quality and standards in higher education: Postgraduate research

Painter, Kevin

276

Concept of Draft International Standard for a Unified Approach to Space Program Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For want of the unified approach to guaranteed space project and product quality assurance, implementation of many international space programs has become a challenge. Globalization of aerospace industry and participation of various international ventures with diverse quality assurance requirements in big international space programs requires for urgent generation of unified international standards related to this field. To ensure successful fulfillment of space missions, aerospace companies should design and process reliable and safe products with properties complying or bettering User's (or Customer's) requirements. Quality of the products designed or processed by subcontractors (or other suppliers) should also be in compliance with the main user (customer)'s requirements. Implementation of this involved set of unified requirements will be made possible by creating and approving a system (series) of international standards under a generic title Space Product Quality Assurance based on a system consensus principle. Conceptual features of the baseline standard in this system (series) should comprise: - Procedures for ISO 9000, CEN and ECSS requirements adaptation and introduction into space product creation, design, manufacture, testing and operation; - Procedures for quality assurance at initial (design) phases of space programs, with a decision on the end product made based on the principle of independence; - Procedures to arrange incoming inspection of products delivered by subcontractors (including testing, audit of supplier's procedures, review of supplier's documentation), and space product certification; - Procedures to identify materials and primary products applied; - Procedures for quality system audit at the component part, primary product and materials supplier facilities; - Unified procedures to form a list of basic performances to be under configuration management; - Unified procedures to form a list of critical space product components, and unified procedures to define risks related to the specific component application and evaluate safety for the entire program implementation. In the eyes of the authors, those features together with a number of other conceptual proposals should constitute a unified standard-technical basis for implementing international space programs.

Stryzhak, Y.; Vasilina, V.; Kurbatov, V.

2002-01-01

277

Beta planar source quality assurance with the Fricke xylenol gel dosimeter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beta therapy is employed in post surgery to treat lesions such as pterygia, keloid and glioblastoma. The beta source most used for these purposes is 90/90Y, whose quality assurance is a challenge, because the detectors currently used for this evaluation do not satisfy the spatial resolution, the effective atomic number and the tissue equivalent conditions. The Fricke xylenol gel (FXG) has been used in several applications in radiotherapy due to its better characteristics. This dosimeter is associated with the Fe(II) to Fe(III) oxidation, post ionizing irradiation, being the final Fe(III) concentration linearly depended on the absorbed dose. The goal of this present work is to show that the FXG, with atomic effective number (Zeff) of 7.75 and high resolution (<1 mm), accomplishes quality assurance for rectangular and square planar 90Sr/90Y sources. In order to demonstrate the quality assurance, calibration curves, percentage depth dose and beam profile from exposed FXG samples were analyzed and from these results, we demonstrate the potential use of the FXG dosimeter for beta source quality control.

Alva-Sánchez, Mirko S.; de Oliveira, Lucas N.; Petchevist, Paulo C.; Moreira, Marco V.; de Almeida, Adelaide

2014-03-01

278

Quality assurance in psychiatry: quality indicators and guideline implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many occasions, routine mental health care does not correspond to the standards that the medical profession itself puts\\u000a forward. Hope exists to improve the outcome of severe mental illness by improving the quality of mental health care and by\\u000a implementing evidence-based consensus guidelines. Adherence to guideline recommendations should reduce costly complications\\u000a and unnecessary procedures. To measure the quality of

T. Wobrock; S. Weinmann; P. Falkai; W. Gaebel

2009-01-01

279

Need for an image quality assurance program in clinical teleradiology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is to report on the experience we have gained with regard to image quality assurance (QA) in a clinical teleradiology practice between a central university hub and multiple very remote rural spokes in a two state area. Identical standard SMPTE test pattern images were supplied to each remote site which digitized and transmitted them at monthly intervals to the hub for QA analysis. Many types of image quality inadequacies were detected. These included vertical artifact lines from dirt in the scanning mechanism, inadequate spatial resolution, inadequate contrast resolution, brightness imbalance, and variable distortions of the image. A predictable pattern of digitizer malfunction was not detected. While the quality of some sites remained relatively stable over many months, others deteriorated rapidly. We conclude that a continuous QA image screening program is essential in a hub and spoke teleradiology operation with the type and interval of screening depending upon multiple factors described in this paper.

Telepak, Robert J.; Kelsey, Charles A.

1995-05-01

280

Quality assurance in operating a multielement ICP emission spectrometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the industrial laboratory environment, quality assurance in the operation of a multielement inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometer (ICPES) must often be entrusted to laboratory technicians with little or no technical background in spectrochemical analysis. Therefore, to be successful, a quality assurance program must be reduced to a simple, routine practice. Essential components of the quality assurance program described in this paper are (1) An atom-to-ion emission intensity ratio for multielement optimization and for reproducing optimum analysis conditions. (2) A concise, easily applied specification for sensitivity and for precision. (3) A regimen for monitoring of, and correcting for, calibration and background drift. (4) A set of comprehensive spectral interference calibrations maintained using the emission intensity ratio. (5) A high resolution spectrometer for minimizing spectral interferences. (6) A program of long term performance monitoring and maintenance/record keeping. Each of these components is described in detail. Adherence to this program enhances analytical reliability by helping to ensure that raw concentrations are generated consistently under optimum instrumental conditions, and that corrections for spectral interferences are applied accurately even though interference calibrations may be several months old. The importance of adequate resolution and the proper choice of positions for off-line background measurements is borne out by a detailed study of the determination of toxic trace elements in National Bureau of Standards fly ash samples. As, Be, Cd, Pb, Sb, and Se were determined accurately without isolation/preconcentration from the aluminosilicate matrix. Several determinations required corrections for residual spectral interferences amounting to 100-500% of the resultant concentration, underscoring the accuracy of the interference correction procedures.

Botto, Robert I.

281

Digital intraoral radiographic quality assurance and control in private practice.  

PubMed

At present, the American Dental Association and the American Academy of Oral Maxillofacial Radiology have guidelines for the dental environment that include quality assurance and control of film-based radiography. Approximately 19%-30% of US dental offices currently use some form of digital intraoral radiography, and growth is expected to continue. It is anticipated that new tools and guidelines will be needed to aid in the development of quality assurance (QA) and control of digital intraoral radiographic images. Working with a representative sample of private practice dental offices, this study examined and evaluated the entire digital intraoral radiographic system used in each operatory. The X-ray machine was tested for equipment performance and accuracy, and the computer monitor calibration was evaluated and adjusted as needed. The results confirm the continued need for updated QA procedures in the dental office that include digital X-ray imaging. By implementing these changes and practices, dentists should be able to improve the diagnostic quality of radiographs while reducing the radiation exposure of the patient. PMID:25184710

Walker, Timothy F; Mah, Peter; Dove, S Brent; McDavid, W Doss

2014-01-01

282

Fabrication and quality assurance processes for superhybrid composite fan blades  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of fabricating full-scale fan blades from superhybrid composites (SHC) for use large, commercial gas turbine engines was evaluated. The type of blade construction selected was a metal-spar/SHC-shell configuration, in which the outer shell was adhesively bonded to a short, internal, titanium spar. Various aspects of blade fabrication, inspection, and quality assurance procedures developed in the investigation are described. It is concluded that the SHC concept is feasible for the fabrication of prototype, full-scale, metal-spar/SHC-shell fan blades that have good structural properties and meet dimensional requirements.

Lark, R. F.; Chamis, C. C.

1986-01-01

283

Model Based Quality Assurance for a Robotic Software Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper describes a model-based quality assurance approach in the context of a software architecture for parallel kinematic\\u000a machines (PKMs). Due to high velocities PKMs are safety critical and cause hard real-time requirements for the according control\\u000a system. In a joint effort mechanical engineers, electrical engineers, and computer scientists designed a software architecture\\u000a for the special requirements of PKMs.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Here,

Jens Steiner; Karsten Diethers; Matthias Hagner; Ursula Goltz

284

Quality assurance procedures for V378A matrix resin  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A characterization methodology has been developed on which to base quality assurance procedures for U.S. Polymeric V378A bismaleimide matrix resin. Chemical composition is established by partition reverse phase and size exclusion liquid chromatography. Cure rheology behavior is quantitatively characterized by dynamic viscoelastic analysis using the parallel plate technique. The overall cure process is characterized by differential scanning calorimetry. The sensitivity of the procedures is evaluated by studying the effects of ambient out time on the chemical end behaviorial properties of the resin.

Hamermesh, C. L.; Dynes, P. J.

1985-01-01

285

Quality assurance in the transport of UF{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect

Edlow International`s primary business is the international transportation of radioactive materials. Therefore, Edlow has the responsibility to ensure that shipments are performed in compliance with regulatory requirements. In this regard, Edlow maintains a Quality Assurance (QA) Program. A major part of this Program is the establishment and use of QA Procedures. This paper addresses QA procedural requirements and how they are applied to a routine international shipment of low enriched UF{sub 6}. Only the major requirements for scheduling shipments will be addressed.

Ravenscroft, N.L. [Edlow International Company, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-31

286

Quality Assurance Through In-House Hospital Inspections  

PubMed Central

Hospitals, particularly those that are teaching institutions, must function at a high level of efficiency and effectiveness if they are to render excellent patient care, maintain accreditation, and provide a sound environment for learning and research. An urban 500-bed teaching hospital found that conducting its own internal monthly inspections produced several benefits in the areas of patient care, infection control, maintenance, safety, and administration. This hospital's in-house inspections also reduced anxiety in preparing for visits from various licensing agencies and review boards. Generally, this hospital has found that an in-house inspection program is a valid means of quality assurance in all areas of hospital work. PMID:4046058

Swamidoss, P.

1985-01-01

287

Fabrication and quality assurance processes for superhybrid composite fan blades  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of fabricating full-scale fan blades from superhybrid composites (SHC) for use large, commercial gas turbine engines was evaluated. The type of blade construction selected was a metal-spar/SHC-shell configuration, in which the outer shell was adhesively bonded to a short, internal, titanium spar. Various aspects of blade fabrication, inspection, and quality assurance procedures developed in the investigation are described. It is concluded that the SHC concept is feasible for the fabrication of prototype, full-scale, metal-spar/SHC-shell fan blades that have good structural properties and meet dimensional requirements.

Lark, R. F.; Chamis, C. C.

1983-01-01

288

Quality assurance in the Provincial Health Department of Taounate, Morocco.  

PubMed

In May 1994, in Morocco, the Provincial Health Department of Taounate introduced a quality assurance (QA) program within its primary health care network called the Systematic Quality Assessment Project (PASQ). The project follows a normative action research approach, which involves health professionals in developing assessment criteria for health care quality and in the definition of standards. A training workshop in June 1995 aimed to improve the capacity of health personnel, organized in teams, to assess the qualitative aspects of their service delivery. Their first assessment focused on the health care process and the satisfaction of patients. PASQ has undergone six phases: design, awareness-raising and commitment, mobilizing technical and financial support, training and development of work tools, quality assessment, and development of monitoring indicators. The action strategy to mobilize health professionals centered on discussing quality, improving the work environment, making quality a part of their outlook and a daily concern at work, and respecting their fundamental purpose as well as accountability. PASQ staff plan to develop a training process that promotes research on health systems. They have named the process Health Problem Analysis and Intervention. Planned technical exchange activities can take place between teams, between provinces, or between countries and may include personal exchanges, site visits, or written material. PASQ hopes to establish reference centers for material pertaining to quality. The Provincial Health Department has been reorganized into health districts. It recommended decentralization of coordination, supervision, and normative evaluation. PMID:12347470

Alaoui, A B

1996-01-01

289

International Comparisons and Trends in External Quality Assurance of Higher Education: Commonality or Diversity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores international comparisons of the extent of commonality or diversity in the main national external quality assurance frameworks for higher education. It has been suggested, from an European survey, that there are common features in national quality assurance frameworks (van Vught and Westerheijden (Quality Management and Quality

Billing, David

2004-01-01

290

Evaluating the Reliability and Impact of a Quality Assurance System for E-Learning Courseware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuring e-learning quality is of interest worldwide. This paper introduces the methods of e-learning courseware quality assurance (a quality certification system) adopted by the eLQSC (e-Learning Quality Service Centre) in Taiwan. A sequential/explanatory design with a mixed methodology was used to gather research data and conduct data analyses.…

Sung, Yao-Ting; Chang, Kuo-En; Yu, Wen-Cheng

2011-01-01

291

Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) provides the overall quality assurance (QA) program requirements and general quality practices to be applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA\\/NSO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) Sub-Project (hereafter the Sub-Project) activities. The requirements in this QAPP are consistent with DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE, 2005);

Irene Farnham

2011-01-01

292

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices For Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of rehab...

293

Development and Testing of a Nuclear Quality Assurance/Quality Control Technician Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to field test selected first- and second-year courses in a postsecondary nuclear quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) technician curriculum and to develop the teaching/learning modules for seven technical specialty courses remaining in the QA/QC technician curriculum. The field testing phase of the project involved the…

Espy, John; And Others

294

COMMUNITY MULTISCALE AIR QUALITY ( CMAQ ) MODEL - QUALITY ASSURANCE AND VERSION CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will be given to the EPA Exposure Modeling Workgroup on January 24, 2006. The quality assurance and version control procedures for the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model are presented. A brief background of CMAQ is given, then issues related to qual...

295

Quality in E-Learning: A Framework for Promoting and Assuring Quality in Virtual Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role…

Masoumi, D.; Lindstrom, B.

2012-01-01

296

UMTRA technical assistance contractor Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAC Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements. The key to ensuring compliance with this directive is a two-step professional approach: utilize the quality system in all areas of activity, and generate a personal commitment from all personnel to provide quality service. The quality staff will be experienced, trained professionals capable of providing maximum flexibility to Project goal attainment. Such flexibility will enable the staff to be more cost effective and to further improve communication and coordination. To provide control details, this QAPP will be supplemented by approved standard operating procedures that provide requirements for performing the various TAC quality-related activities. These procedures shall describe applicable design input and document control activities and documentation.

Pehrson, P.

1993-10-12

297

Comprehensive quality assurance phantom for cardiovascular imaging systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the advent of high heat loading capacity x-ray tubes, high frequency inverter type generators, and the use of spectral shaping filters, the automatic brightness/exposure control (ABC) circuit logic employed in the new generation of angiographic imaging equipment has been significantly reprogrammed. These new angiographic imaging systems are designed to take advantage of the power train capabilities to yield higher contrast images while maintaining, or lower, the patient exposure. Since the emphasis of the imaging system design has been significantly altered, the system performance parameters one is interested and the phantoms employed for the quality assurance must also change in order to properly evaluate the imaging capability of the cardiovascular imaging systems. A quality assurance (QA) phantom has been under development in this institution and was submitted to various interested organizations such as American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions (SCA&I), and National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) for their review and input. At the same time, in an effort to establish a unified standard phantom design for the cardiac catheterization laboratories (CCL), SCA&I and NEMA have formed a joint work group in early 1997 to develop a suitable phantom. The initial QA phantom design has since been accepted to serve as the base phantom by the SCA&I- NEMA Joint Work Group (JWG) from which a comprehensive QA Phantom is being developed.

Lin, Pei-Jan P.

1998-07-01

298

Quality assurance and data collection -- Electronic Data Transfer  

SciTech Connect

The Radiological Environmental Monitoring (REM) group at the Fernald Environmental Management Project is involved in an Electronic Data Transfer practice that will result in the improved quality assurance of collected data. This practice focuses on electronic data transfer from the recording instrument to reduce the manpower normally required for manual data entry and improve the quality of the data transferred. The application of this practice can enhance any data collection program where instruments with electronic memories and a signal output are utilized. Organizations employing this practice can strengthen the quality and efficiency of their data collection program. The use of these practices can assist in complying with Quality Assurance requirements under ASME NQA-1, RCRA, CERCLA, and DOE Order activities. Data from Pylon AB-5 instrumentation is typically configured to print data to a tape. The REM group has developed a process to electronically transfer stored data. The data are sent from the Pylon AB-5 field instrument to a HewlettPackard portable hand computer, model HP95LX. Data are recorded and stored on a 128 K-byte RAN card and later transferred to a PC database as an electronic file for analysis. The advantage of this system is twofold: (1) Data entry errors are eliminated and (2) considerable data collection and entry time is eliminated. Checks can then be conducted for data validity between recorded intervals due to light leaks etc. and the detection of outliers. This paper will discuss the interface and connector components that allow this transfer of data from the Pylon to the PC to take place and the process to perform that activity.

Tomczak, L.M.; Lohner, W.G.; Ray, E.C.; Salesky, J.A. [Fernald Environmental Restoration Management Corp., Cincinnati, OH (United States). Fernald Environmental Management Project; Spitz, H.B. [Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States). Coll. of Nuclear Engineering

1993-05-01

299

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13

300

Artificial Intelligence and Quality Assurance in Computer-Aided Systems Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cast (Computer-aided system theory) is a very important aspect of system theories, since it provides the methodological basis for modelling complex systems and algorithms to process the models of such systems. Quality assurance problems and Cast are closely related. As a fundamental contribution to quality assurance in model-based activities, cast-based environments can be developed to realize built-in quality assurance. The

Tuncer I. Ören

1989-01-01

301

Marketing aspects of quality assurance systems : The organic food sector case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the effect of quality assurance systems on business performance and subsequently, how a quality assurance system can be utilized as a determinant factor of a firm's marketing strategy, especially for the organic food sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on literature and the quality theory, the following subjects are examined: the types

Kontogeorgos Achilleas; Semos Anastasios

2008-01-01

302

NM Dairy Quality Assurance Program (http://nm.dairyassessment.com/info/inhome.asp )  

E-print Network

NM Dairy Quality Assurance Program (http://nm.dairyassessment.com/info/inhome.asp ) In response to continuously increasing consumer concerns and demands for quality dairy products, NMSU Dairy Extension has initiated a New Mexico specific Dairy Quality Assurance program (NMDQA). The program which is supported

Nishiguchi, Michele

303

Quality Assurance of RNA Expression Profiling in Clinical Laboratories  

PubMed Central

RNA expression profiles are increasingly used to diagnose and classify disease, based on expression patterns of as many as several thousand RNAs. To ensure quality of expression profiling services in clinical settings, a standard operating procedure incorporates multiple quality indicators and controls, beginning with preanalytic specimen preparation and proceeding thorough analysis, interpretation, and reporting. Before testing, histopathological examination of each cellular specimen, along with optional cell enrichment procedures, ensures adequacy of the input tissue. Other tactics include endogenous controls to evaluate adequacy of RNA and exogenous or spiked controls to evaluate run- and patient-specific performance of the test system, respectively. Unique aspects of quality assurance for array-based tests include controls for the pertinent outcome signatures that often supersede controls for each individual analyte, built-in redundancy for critical analytes or biochemical pathways, and software-supported scrutiny of abundant data by a laboratory physician who interprets the findings in a manner facilitating appropriate medical intervention. Access to high-quality reagents, instruments, and software from commercial sources promotes standardization and adoption in clinical settings, once an assay is vetted in validation studies as being analytically sound and clinically useful. Careful attention to the well-honed principles of laboratory medicine, along with guidance from government and professional groups on strategies to preserve RNA and manage large data sets, promotes clinical-grade assay performance. PMID:22020152

Tang, Weihua; Hu, Zhiyuan; Muallem, Hind; Gulley, Margaret L.

2012-01-01

304

Nondestructive quality assurance of ceramic filters using noncontact dynamic characterization  

SciTech Connect

Ceramic candle filters are stiff cylindrical structures arranged in rosettes in a hot gas vessel. Custom-made with strong composite materials, these filters are designed to withstand heating and cooling cycles of very high temperature gradients during coal energy production processes. To ensure consistency in the manufactured filters, noncontact dynamic characterization using laser vibrometry is proposed as a factory quality control technique. To evaluate the proposed technique, a sensitivity study using both contact and noncontact vibration measurements is first conducted. The shift in natural vibration frequencies is used as a quality indicator for likely manufacturing variables. Six candle filters are tested using dynamic impact tests. Contact and noncontact results are compared with theoretical natural frequency values, which show that laser results were 'noisier' due to dropout from speckle noises. The results are used to establish the sensitivity of the technique, which indicates that dynamic characterization is a valid nondestructive testing technique for quality assurance of the ceramic filters, provided that the manufactured filters have a quality variation greater than 3.21%.

Yue, P.; Chen, S.E.; Nishihama, Y. [University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL (United States). Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering

2005-06-01

305

Quality assurance and reliability in the Japanese electronics industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality and reliability are two attributes required for all Japanese products, although the JTEC panel found these attributes to be secondary to customer cost requirements. While our Japanese hosts gave presentations on the challenges of technology, cost, and miniaturization, quality and reliability were infrequently the focus of our discussions. Quality and reliability were assumed to be sufficient to meet customer needs. Fujitsu's slogan, 'quality built-in, with cost and performance as prime consideration,' illustrates this point. Sony's definition of a next-generation product is 'one that is going to be half the size and half the price at the same performance of the existing one'. Quality and reliability are so integral to Japan's electronics industry that they need no new emphasis.

Pecht, Michael; Boulton, William R.

1995-01-01

306

Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: The First Five Exercises  

PubMed Central

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Program participants measure concentrations of active and/or marker compounds as well as nutritional and toxic elements in food and dietary supplements distributed by NIST. Data are compiled at NIST, where they are analyzed for accuracy relative to reference values and concordance among the participants. Performance reports and certificates of completion are provided to participants, which can be used to demonstrate compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices as promulgated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The DSQAP has conducted five exercises to date, with total participation including more than 75 different laboratories and many more individual analysts. PMID:21797008

Phillips, Melissa M.; Rimmer, Catherine A.; Wood, Laura J.; Lippa, Katrice A.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Duewer, David L.; Sander, Lane C.; Betz, Joseph M.

2011-01-01

307

Application of quality assurance standards to environmental projects  

SciTech Connect

Quality assurance (QA) is critical to every environmental project undertaken. While QA appears to be a cut-and-dried subject, it is actually an evolving issue. Environmental projects need high QA standards. The needs of the nuclear industry have driven most QA programs for the last several decades. Mom recently, the internationally accepted ISO-9000 standard, and the more recent E-4 standard (in draft), have been suggested as alternatives to achieving QA for environmental firms. These standards can be successfully integrated and implemented. However, this requires good up-front planning of the program`s purpose and function and commitments by management and staff to make it work. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how various QA standards can be appropriately applied to the demands of environmental projects.

Richardson, T.L.; Lynch, J.E.; Chaudhary, T.B. [Law Environmental, Inc., Kennesaw, GA (United States)

1994-12-31

308

242-A evaporator quality assurance project plan: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is sampling and analytical services including, but not limited to, sample receipt, handling and storage, analytical measurements, submittal of data deliverables, archiving selected portions of samples, returning unneeded sample material to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and/or sample disposal associated with candidate feed samples and process condensate compliance samples. Sampling and shipping activities are also included within the scope. The purpose of this project is to provide planning, implementation, and assessment guidance for achieving established data quality objectives measurement parameters. This Plan requires onsite and offsite laboratories to conform to that guidance. Laboratory conformance will help ensure that quality data are being generated and therefore, that the 242-A evaporator is operating in a safe and compliant manner. The 242-A evaporator feed stream originates from double-shell tanks (DSTs) identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending it to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF) storage basin before further treatment. The slurry product is returned to DSTs. Evaporation results in considerable savings by reducing the volume of mixed waste for disposal.

Tucker, B.J.

1994-11-04

309

Forensic entomology: implementing quality assurance for expertise work.  

PubMed

The Department of Forensic Entomology (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale, France) was accredited by the French Committee of Accreditation (Cofrac's Healthcare section) in October 2007 on the basis of NF EN ISO/CEI 17025 standard. It was the first accreditation in this specific field of forensic sciences in France and in Europe. The present paper introduces the accreditation process in forensic entomology (FE) through the experience of the Department of Forensic Entomology. Based upon the identification of necrophagous insects and the study of their biology, FE must, as any other expertise work in forensic sciences, demonstrate integrity and good working practice to satisfy both the courts and the scientific community. FE does not, strictly speaking, follow an analytical method. This could explain why, to make up for a lack of appropriate quality reference, a specific documentation was drafted and written by the staff of the Department of Forensic Entomology in order to define working methods complying with quality standards (testing methods). A quality assurance system is laborious to set up and maintain and can be perceived as complex, time-consuming and never-ending. However, a survey performed in 2011 revealed that the accreditation process in the frame of expertise work has led to new well-defined working habits, based on an effort at transparency. It also requires constant questioning and a proactive approach, both profitable for customers (magistrates, investigators) and analysts (forensic entomologists). PMID:23842668

Gaudry, Emmanuel; Dourel, Laurent

2013-09-01

310

Project specific quality assurance plan, W-151, Tank 241-AZ-101 waste retrieval system. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This project specific quality assurance program plan establishes the responsibility for the implementation of QA requirements, defines and documents the QA requirements associated with design, procurement, and construction, and defines and documents the degree of QA reviews and verifications on the design and construction necessary to assure compliance to project and DOE requirements. Revision 2 updates the QAPP to provide concurrence with approved work scope deletion. In addition, the Quality Assurance Program Index is being updated to reflect the current Quality Assurance Program requirements per DOE Order 5700.6C.

Manthei, M.E.

1994-11-21

311

Extending cluster lot quality assurance sampling designs for surveillance programs.  

PubMed

Lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) has a long history of applications in industrial quality control. LQAS is frequently used for rapid surveillance in global health settings, with areas classified as poor or acceptable performance on the basis of the binary classification of an indicator. Historically, LQAS surveys have relied on simple random samples from the population; however, implementing two-stage cluster designs for surveillance sampling is often more cost-effective than simple random sampling. By applying survey sampling results to the binary classification procedure, we develop a simple and flexible nonparametric procedure to incorporate clustering effects into the LQAS sample design to appropriately inflate the sample size, accommodating finite numbers of clusters in the population when relevant. We use this framework to then discuss principled selection of survey design parameters in longitudinal surveillance programs. We apply this framework to design surveys to detect rises in malnutrition prevalence in nutrition surveillance programs in Kenya and South Sudan, accounting for clustering within villages. By combining historical information with data from previous surveys, we design surveys to detect spikes in the childhood malnutrition rate. PMID:24633656

Hund, Lauren; Pagano, Marcello

2014-07-20

312

NEW SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDANCE FOR CONSEQUENCE ASSESSMENT MODELS  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Subcommittee for Consequence Assessment and Protective Action (SCAPA) is developing new software quality assurance (SQA) guidance for consequence assessment models and related emergency management software. In 2004, a DOE Order and Guide were issued to provide comprehensive SQA guidelines for safety software used at nuclear facilities. Some consequence assessment models need to meet these guidelines, but others do not because they support less critical “safety-related’ applications for which DOE has not issued SQA guidelines. The SCAPA SQA guidance is based on the DOE SQA Guide for safety software but the SCAPA guidance applies a more graded approach. The SCAPA guidance focuses on enhancing the quality and reliability of software through appropriate SQA planning, software design and implementation documentation, verification and validation testing, and configuration management. In putting together this guidance, SCAPA is seeking to support the development of effective SQA programs without stymieing technical innovation. This SQA guidance also will provide a framework to supplement and integrate the hodgepodge of project- program-, company-, or site-based SQA expectations that may already exist for some safety-related applications.

Glantz, Clifford S.

2008-03-12

313

First External Evaluations of Quality Assurance Agencies--Lessons Learned. ENQA Workshop Report 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminar on the first external evaluations of quality assurance agencies, held in Paris in July 2008. The seminar took stock of the achieved reviews of agencies to learn lessons from these first outcomes and, hence, provided a platform for…

Costes, Nathalie; Curvale, Bruno; Kraft, Michael G.; Llavori, Rafael; Malan, Thierry; Szanto, Tibor

2010-01-01

314

The Phases and Paradoxes of Educational Quality Assurance: The Case of the Singapore Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight three important insights into educational quality assurance, using Singapore as a case study. It is useful to policy makers and practitioners to understand the phases and paradoxes in their educational quality assurance journey so that they may recognise and manage better the complex dynamics of…

Ng, Pak Tee

2008-01-01

315

The Symbolic Role of Academic Boards in University Academic Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much research on quality assurance in higher education has centred on issues related to the impact on teaching and learning and academic staff, there is a significant gap in the area of quality assurance and academic governance. Within Australia the roles of university academic boards (also known as academic senates or faculty senates) have…

Rowlands, Julie

2013-01-01

316

The Impact of the Bologna Process on the Development of the Greek Quality Assurance System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greece, an EU-member state since 1981, lagged behind other European countries in the development of a national quality assurance system. This article charts the route to the establishment of a quality assurance system in Greece. While national evaluation and accreditation systems were established in most European countries during the mid-1980s and…

Asderaki, Foteini

2009-01-01

317

EPA'S (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S) ROLE IN THE QUALITY ASSURANCE OF AMBIENT AIR POLLUTANT MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's roll in the quality assurance of monitoring data is to assist monitoring agencies by providing those quality assurance services or functions that (1) are common to most monitoring agencies and would be uneconomical to duplicate in each agency's program, (2) are too costly f...

318

10 CFR 32.62 - Same: Quality assurance; prohibition of transfer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Same: Quality assurance; prohibition...REGULATORY COMMISSION SPECIFIC DOMESTIC LICENSES TO... § 32.62 Same: Quality assurance; prohibition...with filter paper an area of at least 100 square...wiping the entire surface area if it is less...

2010-01-01

319

Quality-Assurance and Data Management Plan for Groundwater Activities by the U.S. Geological  

E-print Network

Quality-Assurance and Data Management Plan for Groundwater Activities by the U.S. Geological Survey;#12;Quality-Assurance and Data Management Plan for Groundwater Activities by the U.S. Geological Survey information on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources

320

Bologna and Quality Assurance: Progress Made or Pulling the Wrong Cart?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution looks critically at the achievements regarding the Bologna action line "European cooperation in quality assurance". Much has been realised but most of the visible achievements are at the supranational level: the development of the European Standards and Guidelines, the launch of the European Network of Quality Assurance Agencies,…

Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don F.

2010-01-01

321

A quality assurance program for determination of herbicides in estuarine waters.  

PubMed

A quality assurance program was developed for two grantee laboratories studying the herbicides atrazine and linuron in Chesapeake Bay water. Proposed methodologies were evaluated by performance and system audits. The objectives of the quality assurance program and the results of the audit program are discussed. PMID:7288096

Gaskill, A; Jayanty, R K

1981-01-01

322

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance...agency. (a) Access to confidential...of VA) who have a need for such information...who are authorized access by the VA medical...to a Department of Justice (DOJ) attorney...quality assurance or legal purposes....

2010-07-01

323

Quality Assurance in Engineering Education: Comparison of Accreditation Schemes and ISO 9001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines quality assurance schemes for distance-education technologies that are based on the ISO 9000 family of international quality-assurance standards. Argues that engineering faculties can establish such systems on the basis of and integrated with accreditation schemes. Contains 34 references. (DDR)

Karapetrovic, Stanislav; Rajamani, Divakar; Willborn, Walter

1998-01-01

324

A Way Forward: Emerging Perspectives on a National Quality Assurance System for South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The final paper in this theme issue summarizes concerns related to establishing a national quality assurance system for institutions of higher education in South Africa. Proposes a three-phase approach to establishing a national quality assurance system to include: (1) evaluation of existing institutional self-evaluation systems; (2) establishment…

Kotecha, P.; Luckett, K.

2000-01-01

325

A quality assurance program for ancillary high technology devices on a dual-energy accelerator  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our facility has added high-technology ancillary devices to our dual-energy linear accelerator. After commissioning and acceptance testing of dual asymmetric jaws, dynamic wedge, portal imaging, and multileaf collimation (MLC), quality assurance programs were instituted. The programs were designed to be both periodic and patient specific when required. In addition, when dosimetric aspects were affected by these technologies, additional quality assurance

Eric E. Klein; Daniel A. Low; Derek Maag; James A. Purdy

1996-01-01

326

A Critical Analysis of the INQAAHE Guidelines of Good Practice for Higher Education Quality Assurance Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Network of Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education's Guidelines of Good Practice by higher education quality assurance agencies need substantial revision before they can be considered adequate by stakeholders in any national higher education system. Various revisions are proposed in this article. But the International…

Blackmur, Douglas

2008-01-01

327

Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a cross-cultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a…

Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

2011-01-01

328

Creating an Impetus for Institutional Analysis in South America: Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional research (IR) in Latin America is experiencing dramatic growth due, in no small measure, to the need for quality assurance in educational institutions developing trained workforces for emerging economies. Quality can be assured only where it can be measured, and that is at the core of institutional research in countries to the south…

Middaugh, Michael; Silva, Moises; Ramirez, Soledad; Reich, Ricardo

2008-01-01

329

Information Assurance and Corporate Strategy: A Delphi Study of Choices, Challenges, and Developments for the Future  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we identified processes associated with strengthening the alignment between information assurance, information systems and corporate strategies so that organizations could more effectively address legal and regulatory challenges. Our results are based on data gathered from 43 preliminary interviews and a subsequent Delphi exercise. The Delphi panel rated these processes in terms of desirability and feasibility. After three

Elspeth McFadzean; Jean-Noël Ezingeard; David William Birchall

2011-01-01

330

The Quality Assurance Manual and EPA`s acid rain data quality  

SciTech Connect

November 15, 1990 saw the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Within this law was the requirements for all electric utility units greater than 25 megawatts of generated electrical capacity to monitor SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2}, opacity, and volumetric flow of the stack gases. This paper summarizes the Acid Rain Program`s approach to Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Quality Control and Quality Assurance requirements and their use in the market based pollution control program of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. This paper attempts to present the perspective of the authors as to what is important for excellent monitoring system availability and ensuring accurate data acquisition. Emphasis is placed upon the Quality Assurance Manual required by the Acid Rain Regulations for affected unit`s to maintain and follow.

Bloomer, B.J. [EPA, Washington, DC (United States). Acid Rain Div.; Winkler, J.P. [EPA, Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

331

Gulf of Mexico dissolved oxygen model (GoMDOM) research and quality assurance project plan  

EPA Science Inventory

An integrated high resolution mathematical modeling framework is being developed that will link hydrodynamic, atmospheric, and water quality models for the northern Gulf of Mexico. This Research and Quality Assurance Project Plan primarily focuses on the deterministic Gulf of Me...

332

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS. VOLUME III. STATIONARY SOURCE SPECIFIC METHODS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on stationary source emission measurements. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the stationary source emission measurement program, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. Th...

333

Do Too Many Rights Make a Wrong? A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of a Sample of Malaysian and Singapore Private Higher Education Providers in Transnational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuring the quality of transnational education has been an endeavour of increasing importance in the internationalisation of higher education but is also increasingly challenging given the involvement of many stakeholders. This paper focuses on the experiences of and challenges faced by private tertiary education providers in Malaysia and…

Lim, Fion Choon Boey

2010-01-01

334

A Systems Engineering Approach to Quality Assurance for Aerospace Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On the surface, it appears that AS9100 has little to say about how to apply a Quality Management System (QMS) to major aerospace test programs (or even smaller ones). It also appears that there is little in the quality engineering Body of Knowledge (BOK) that applies to testing, unless it is nondestructive examination (NDE), or some type of lab or bench testing associated with the manufacturing process. However, if one examines: a) how the systems engineering (SE) processes are implemented throughout a test program; and b) how these SE processes can be mapped to the requirements of AS9100, a number of areas for involvement of the quality professional are revealed. What often happens is that quality assurance during a test program is limited to inspections of the test article; what could be considered a manufacturing al fresco approach. This limits the quality professional and is a disservice to the programs and projects, since there are a number of ways that quality can enhance critical processes, and support efforts to improve risk reduction, efficiency and effectiveness. The Systems Engineering (SE) discipline is widely used in aerospace to ensure the progress from Stakeholder Expectations (the President, Congress, the taxpayers) to a successful, delivered product or service. Although this is well known, what is not well known is that these same SE processes are implemented in varying complexity, to prepare for and implement test projects that support research, development, verification and validation, qualification, and acceptance test projects. Although the test organization's terminology may vary from the SE terminology, and from one test service provider to another, the basic process is followed by successful, reliable testing organizations. For this analysis, NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 7123.1, NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements is used to illustrate the SE processes that are used for major aerospace testing. Many of these processes are also implemented for smaller test projects, and this set of processes will also look familiar to those who have participated in launch site activation and flight demonstrations.

Shepherd, Christena C.

2014-01-01

335

An analysis of tolerance levels in IMRT quality assurance procedures  

SciTech Connect

Increased use of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has resulted in increased efforts in patient quality assurance (QA). Software and detector systems intended to streamline the IMRT quality assurance process often report metrics, such as percent discrepancies between measured and computed doses, which can be compared to benchmark or threshold values. The purpose of this work is to examine the relationships between two different types of IMRT QA processes in order to define, or refine, appropriate tolerances values. For 115 IMRT plans delivered in a 3 month period, we examine the discrepancies between (a) the treatment planning system (TPS) and results from a commercial independent monitor unit (MU) calculation program; (b) TPS and results from a commercial diode-array measurement system; and (c) the independent MU calculation and the diode-array measurements. Statistical tests were performed to assess significance in the IMRT QA results for different disease site and machine models. There is no evidence that the average total dose discrepancy in the monitor unit calculation depends on the disease site. Second, the discrepancies in the two IMRT QA methods are independent: there is no evidence that a better --or worse--monitor unit validation result is related to a better--or worse--diode-array measurement result. Third, there is marginal benefit in repeating the independent MU calculation with a more suitable dose point, if the initial IMRT QA failed a certain tolerance. Based on these findings, the authors conclude at some acceptable tolerances based on disease site and IMRT QA method. Specifically, monitor unit validations are expected to have a total dose discrepancy of 3% overall, and 5% per beam, independent of disease site. Diode array measurements are expected to have a total absolute dose discrepancy of 3% overall, and 3% per beam, independent of disease site. The percent of pixels exceeding a 3% and 3 mm threshold in a gamma analysis should be greater than or equal to 95% for non-head and neck IMRT cases, and 88% for head and neck IMRT cases. The IMRT QA methodology described here is neither unique nor ubiquitous, and the ability to deliver a safe IMRT does not simply require IMRT QA tests to pass a given tolerance; however, the selection of a tolerance should be meaningful when assessing a complex plan. The methodology in defining appropriate tolerances, described in this article, is based on an interpretation of IMRT QA results from IMRT plans deemed safe to deliver.

Basran, Parminder S.; Woo, Milton K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada) and Department of Medical Physics, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada) Department of Medical Physics, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada) and Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M4N 3M5 (Canada)

2008-06-15

336

Quality Assurance Procedures for Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

Cranial stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and radiotherapy (SRT) are established treatment modalities. Initial implementations of these techniques rigidly attached frames to the patient's head for single-fraction treatments. The head frame accommodates an external fiducial marker system that is a reliable reference for targets within the cranium and accurately links the imaging equipment used for treatment planning to the treatment device. Fractionated SRT treatments use noninvasive 'relocatable'-type head immobilization that fixes to the patient's head and face features. Clearly defined quality assurance (QA) procedures exist for both cranial SRS and SRT but are not as well developed for extracranial SRT. Procedures for demonstrating the geometric relationship between the planning imaging and treatment have to some degree copied the techniques used for intracranial stereotactic irradiation. However, there are some unique QA issues that are specific to extracranial irradiation. One major consideration is the large number of methodologies available for stereotactic body radiation therapy. In addition to the variety of integrated image-guided frameless systems, there are immobilization devices (called body frame systems) that use a fiducial reference system similar to the cranial devices. This article describes generic QA approaches that can be adapted to the various stereotactic body radiation therapy methodologies.

Galvin, James M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)], E-mail: james.galvin@jeffersonhospital.org; Bednarz, Greg [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

2008-05-01

337

MODIS Land Data Products: Generation, Quality Assurance and Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on-board NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and Aqua Satellites are key instruments for providing data on global land, atmosphere, and ocean dynamics. Derived MODIS land, atmosphere and ocean products are central to NASA's mission to monitor and understand the Earth system. NASA has developed and generated on a systematic basis a suite of MODIS products starting with the first Terra MODIS data sensed February 22, 2000 and continuing with the first MODIS-Aqua data sensed July 2, 2002. The MODIS Land products are divided into three product suites: radiation budget products, ecosystem products, and land cover characterization products. The production and distribution of the MODIS Land products are described, from initial software delivery by the MODIS Land Science Team, to operational product generation and quality assurance, delivery to EOS archival and distribution centers, and product accuracy assessment and validation. Progress and lessons learned since the first MODIS data were in early 2000 are described.

Masuoka, Edward; Wolfe, Robert; Morisette, Jeffery; Sinno, Scott; Teague, Michael; Saleous, Nazmi; Devadiga, Sadashiva; Justice, Christopher; Nickeson, Jaime

2008-01-01

338

Commissioning experience and quality assurance of helical tomotherapy machines  

PubMed Central

A helical tomotherapy machine combines a straight 6 MV linear accelerator mounted on a ring gantry with CT technology for image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment. A fan beam created by the collimator and jaws produces a maximum of 40 × 5 cm2 field size at the isocenter. The gantry and hence the fan beam rotates at a constant speed while the couch moves linearly into the gantry bore, thus producing a helical delivery. The beam is modulated by a 64-leaf binary multileaf collimator (MLC), which enables IMRT treatment. The linac can be operated at a lower voltage (3.5 MV) and dose rate to produce megavoltage CT images, which are used for image-guided patient setup. We have installed two such units since 2004 and treated more than 2000 patients. The machine comes “precommissioned” from the manufacturer, and the beam characteristics and IMRT plans on phantom are measured and compared with manufacturer's data after acceptance tests are performed on site. Our experience with commissioning the machines and periodic quality assurance with tolerance limits for optimal performance are described. PMID:20098548

Sen, Amarjit; West, Matthew K.

2009-01-01

339

Quality assurance in basic research and R/D  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is one of the nation's largest and most widely diversified federal multipurpose research and development centers. The Laboratory is operated by Martin Marietta Energy Systems Inc. for the U.S. DOE. Its mission embraces non-nuclear as well as nuclear energy development together with a wide range of supporting research in engineering, physical sciences, and life sciences, as well as social sciences and economics. The Laboratory's program is dominated by four major areas of development that are approximately equal in size: nuclear (fission) energy development; basic physical sciences research; biomedical and environmental; and magnetic fusion energy development. This document outlines ORNL's quality assurance (QA) program in response to the ten criteria of DOE order 5700.6C. Guidance for implementation comes both from Attachment 1 of 5700.6C and DOE-ER-STD-6001-92. The bases for the program, integration of DOE orders, program architecture, assessment activities, and financial restraints are discussed.

Hoke, P. B.

340

The Status Of Quality Assurance For Computed Tomography Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The benefits of a comprehensive quality assurance (QA) program in conventional diagnostic radiology are well understood. In computed tomography (CT), however, the situation is less clear. Since the advent of CT a number of manufacturers and individual medical physicists have recommended a variety of parameters for periodic monitoring or system performance evaluation. These recommendations are reviewed. There are no data, however, indicating that CT facilities, with the exception of some mobile units, have implemented a comprehensive QA program, including the daily collection of data and its interpretation and application to the identification and correction of problems with the CT system. Data from a nationwide study will be presented which describe the present status of QA CT facilities. QA programs on mobile CT systems, where there is more concern about consistent system performance due to the effects of moving the unit, have suggested that trends in performance can be identified. Preliminary data indicates that a similar situation may hold in the case of fixed facilities. This suggests that CT QA programs may permit detection of problems before they significantly affect the diagnostic value of the CT image. The recent development of automated CT QA software by a number of investigators will also facilitate the implementation of appropriate QA protocols.

McCrohan, J. L.; Showalter, C. K.; Burkhart, R. L.; Shuman, F. G. D.

1983-12-01

341

Quality assurance of dynamic parameters in volumetric modulated arc therapy  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this study was to demonstrate quality assurance checks for accuracy of gantry speed and position, dose rate and multileaf collimator (MLC) speed and position for a volumetric modulated arc treatment (VMAT) modality (Synergy® S; Elekta, Stockholm, Sweden), and to check that all the necessary variables and parameters were synchronous. Methods Three tests (for gantry position–dose delivery synchronisation, gantry speed–dose delivery synchronisation and MLC leaf speed and positions) were performed. Results The average error in gantry position was 0.5° and the average difference was 3 MU for a linear and a parabolic relationship between gantry position and delivered dose. In the third part of this test (sawtooth variation), the maximum difference was 9.3 MU, with a gantry position difference of 1.2°. In the sweeping field method test, a linear relationship was observed between recorded doses and distance from the central axis, as expected. In the open field method, errors were encountered at the beginning and at the end of the delivery arc, termed the “beginning” and “end” errors. For MLC position verification, the maximum error was ?2.46 mm and the mean error was 0.0153 ±0.4668 mm, and 3.4% of leaves analysed showed errors of >±1 mm. Conclusion This experiment demonstrates that the variables and parameters of the Synergy® S are synchronous and that the system is suitable for delivering VMAT using a dynamic MLC. PMID:22745206

Manikandan, A; Sarkar, B; Holla, R; Vivek, T R; Sujatha, N

2012-01-01

342

Quality assurance procedures for stereotactic body radiation therapy.  

PubMed

Cranial stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and radiotherapy (SRT) are established treatment modalities. Initial implementations of these techniques rigidly attached frames to the patient's head for single-fraction treatments. The head frame accommodates an external fiducial marker system that is a reliable reference for targets within the cranium and accurately links the imaging equipment used for treatment planning to the treatment device. Fractionated SRT treatments use noninvasive "relocatable"-type head immobilization that fixes to the patient's head and face features. Clearly defined quality assurance (QA) procedures exist for both cranial SRS and SRT but are not as well developed for extracranial SRT. Procedures for demonstrating the geometric relationship between the planning imaging and treatment have to some degree copied the techniques used for intracranial stereotactic irradiation. However, there are some unique QA issues that are specific to extracranial irradiation. One major consideration is the large number of methodologies available for stereotactic body radiation therapy. In addition to the variety of integrated image-guided frameless systems, there are immobilization devices (called body frame systems) that use a fiducial reference system similar to the cranial devices. This article describes generic QA approaches that can be adapted to the various stereotactic body radiation therapy methodologies. PMID:18406909

Galvin, James M; Bednarz, Greg

2008-01-01

343

Future vision for the quality assurance of oncology clinical trials.  

PubMed

The National Cancer Institute clinical cooperative groups have been instrumental over the past 50 years in developing clinical trials and evidence-based process improvements for clinical oncology patient care. The cooperative groups are undergoing a transformation process as we further integrate molecular biology into personalized patient care and move to incorporate international partners in clinical trials. To support this vision, data acquisition and data management informatics tools must become both nimble and robust to support transformational research at an enterprise level. Information, including imaging, pathology, molecular biology, radiation oncology, surgery, systemic therapy, and patient outcome data needs to be integrated into the clinical trial charter using adaptive clinical trial mechanisms for design of the trial. This information needs to be made available to investigators using digital processes for real-time data analysis. Future clinical trials will need to be designed and completed in a timely manner facilitated by nimble informatics processes for data management. This paper discusses both past experience and future vision for clinical trials as we move to develop data management and quality assurance processes to meet the needs of the modern trial. PMID:23508883

Fitzgerald, Thomas J; Bishop-Jodoin, Maryann; Bosch, Walter R; Curran, Walter J; Followill, David S; Galvin, James M; Hanusik, Richard; King, Steven R; Knopp, Michael V; Laurie, Fran; O'Meara, Elizabeth; Michalski, Jeff M; Saltz, Joel H; Schnall, Mitchell D; Schwartz, Lawrence; Ulin, Kenneth; Xiao, Ying; Urie, Marcia

2013-01-01

344

Quality-assurance planning for stationary-source field sampling  

SciTech Connect

Stationary source stack sampling procedures are used to determine the amount of emissions as required under the Resource Conservation Recovery Act, Appendices VIII and IX, and the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990, Title III. Sampling procedures are costly and require much planning and time to complete. Most effort on implementing quality assurance (QA) in the past has centered on the analytical and laboratory portion of the test. However, the laboratory result, no matter how good, is only as good as the field sample that has been presented. Errors occurring during field sampling might not be discovered until after the sampling phase of the test is completed and after samples are in the analytical phase. This could result in another expensive sampling trip. One way to reduce the chance of errors is to have and follow a QA plan. The paper describes the planning phase for the field study, errors that may occur during the sampling phase, and how the QA plan might prevent or minimize errors during field sampling.

Jackson, M.D.; Midgett, M.R.

1992-01-01

345

NARAC SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE: ADAPTING FORMALISM TO MEET VARYING NEEDS  

SciTech Connect

The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) provides tools and services that predict and map the spread of hazardous material accidentally or intentionally released into the atmosphere. NARAC is a full function system that can meet a wide range of needs with a particular focus on emergency response. The NARAC system relies on computer software in the form of models of the atmosphere and related physical processes supported by a framework for data acquisition and management, user interface, visualization, communications and security. All aspects of the program's operations and research efforts are predicated to varying degrees on the reliable and correct performance of this software. Consequently, software quality assurance (SQA) is an essential component of the NARAC program. The NARAC models and system span different levels of sophistication, fidelity and complexity. These different levels require related but different approaches to SQA. To illustrate this, two different levels of software complexity are considered in this paper. As a relatively simple example, the SQA procedures that are being used for HotSpot, a straight-line Gaussian model focused on radiological releases, are described. At the other extreme, the SQA issues that must be considered and balanced for the more complex NARAC system are reviewed.

Walker, H; Nasstrom, J S; Homann, S G

2007-11-20

346

Quality assurance requirements for high-level waste form production  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Defense Waste Management Plan has the objective of final disposal for high-level waste (HLW) generated from defense programs. The DOE sites that generate HLW are located at the Savannah River Operations Office in Aiken, South Carolina, the Hanford site in Richland, Washington, and the Idaho Operations Office in Idaho Falls, Idaho. The purpose in the development of a quality assurance (QA) specification for organizations involved in HLW production is to establish uniform requirements that ensure that radioactive waste is converted to a waste form and canistered in such a way that it is acceptable in a federal repository licensed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). A QA specification has been developed that will be applied to those activities important to certification of the product. The basic requirements are defined in national consensus standards and DOE directives. The supplemental requirements identify the QA criteria associated with HLW production where additional guidance is needed to facilitate the DOE repository licensing process.

Chacey, K.A.; DeLannoy, C.R.; Campbell, M.H.

1988-01-01

347

A 128 pixel linear array for radiotherapy quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New radiotherapy techniques require detectors able to verify and monitor the clinical beam with high spatial resolution and fast response. Room temperature organic liquid ionization detectors are becoming an alternative to standard air ionization chambers, due to their tissue equivalent behavior, their sensibility and small directional dependence. A liquid isooctane filled ionization linear array for radiotherapy quality assurance has been designed, built and tested. The detector consists of 128 pixels, each of them with an area of 1.7 mm×1.7 mm and a gap of 0.5 mm. The small pixel size makes the detector ideal for high gradient beam profiles like those present in Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy. The gap and the polarization voltage have been chosen in order to guarantee a linear relationship between the dose rate and the readout signal at high dose rates. As readout electronics we use the X-ray Data Acquisition System with the Xchip developed by the CCLRC.In the first device tests we have confirmed linearity up to a 6.7 Gy/min dose rate with a deviation less than 1%. A profile with a signal-to-noise ratio around 500 can be obtained for a 4 Gy/min dose rate with a 10 ms integration time.

Franco, L.; Gómez, F.; Iglesias, A.; Lobato, R.; Marín, J.; Mosquera, J.; Pardo, J.; Pazos, A.; Pena, J.; Pombar, M.; Rodríguez, A.; Saavedra, D.; Sendón, J.; Yañez, A.

2004-12-01

348

Future vision for the quality assurance of oncology clinical trials  

PubMed Central

The National Cancer Institute clinical cooperative groups have been instrumental over the past 50 years in developing clinical trials and evidence-based process improvements for clinical oncology patient care. The cooperative groups are undergoing a transformation process as we further integrate molecular biology into personalized patient care and move to incorporate international partners in clinical trials. To support this vision, data acquisition and data management informatics tools must become both nimble and robust to support transformational research at an enterprise level. Information, including imaging, pathology, molecular biology, radiation oncology, surgery, systemic therapy, and patient outcome data needs to be integrated into the clinical trial charter using adaptive clinical trial mechanisms for design of the trial. This information needs to be made available to investigators using digital processes for real-time data analysis. Future clinical trials will need to be designed and completed in a timely manner facilitated by nimble informatics processes for data management. This paper discusses both past experience and future vision for clinical trials as we move to develop data management and quality assurance processes to meet the needs of the modern trial. PMID:23508883

FitzGerald, Thomas J.; Bishop-Jodoin, Maryann; Bosch, Walter R.; Curran, Walter J.; Followill, David S.; Galvin, James M.; Hanusik, Richard; King, Steven R.; Knopp, Michael V.; Laurie, Fran; O'Meara, Elizabeth; Michalski, Jeff M.; Saltz, Joel H.; Schnall, Mitchell D.; Schwartz, Lawrence; Ulin, Kenneth; Xiao, Ying; Urie, Marcia

2013-01-01

349

Quality assurance of a diarrhoea control programme in northeastern Brazil.  

PubMed

In this study quality assurance methods were used in an evaluation of a programme for Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases (CDD) in northeastern Brazil. Seventy-eight randomly selected public primary care facilities in four states were assessed by trained surveyors. Problems observed in the facilities were lack of information on target population and coverage, lack of equipment to permit rehydration in the premises, and frequent unavailability of trained professionals. Health workers showed deficiencies in history taking, physical examination and knowledge on diarrhoea management. Many caretakers had difficulties in recalling information given to them in the health facilities. Eighty-four percent of the cases were treated with oral rehydration, but 90% were sent home immediately and not kept in the facilities to practice rehydration under guidance as recommended by the national CDD programme. An overuse of the medical treatment was observed. More than two-thirds of health professionals gave wrong indications for use of antibiotics. The study showed that oral rehydration therapy is well established in the government health services in the region but that the CDD programme needs to take early action to correct deficiencies in logistics, case management and health education. PMID:8029664

Barros, F C; Forsberg, B C; Victora, C G; Maranhão, A G; Stegeman, M; Gonzalez-Richmond, A; Martins, R M; Neumann, Z A; McAuliffe, J; Branco Júnior, J A

1994-03-01

350

Photovoltaic system criteria documents. Volume 2: Quality assurance criteria for photovoltaic applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality assurance criteria are described for manufacturers and installers of solar photovoltaic tests and applications. Quality oriented activities are outlined to be pursued by the contractor/subcontractor to assure the physical and operational quality of equipment produced is included. In the broad sense, guidelines are provided for establishing a QA organization if none exists. Mainly, criteria is provided to be considered in any PV quality assurance plan selected as appropriate by the responsible Field Center. A framework is established for a systematic approach to ensure that photovoltaic tests and applications are constructed in a timely and cost effective manner.

Koenig, John C.; Billitti, Joseph W.; Tallon, John M.

1979-01-01

351

SQA(TM): Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar Program  

SciTech Connect

OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT) has led this SQA (Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar) program to solve the major surface quality problems plaguing the US special quality steel bars and rods industry and their customers, based on crosscutting sensors and controls technologies. Surface defects in steel formed in a hot rolling process are one of the most common quality issues faced by the American steel industry, accounting for roughly 50% of the rejects or 2.5% of the total shipment. Unlike other problems such as the mechanical properties of the steel product, most surface defects are sporadic and cannot be addressed based on sampling techniques. This issue hurts the rolling industry and their customers in their process efficiency and operational costs. The goal of this program is to develop and demonstrate an SQA prototype, with synergy of HotEye® and other innovations, that enables effective rolling process control and efficient quality control. HotEye®, OGT’s invention, delivers high definition images of workpieces at or exceeding 1,450?C while the workpieces travel at 100 m/s. The elimination of surface defect rejects will be achieved through the integration of imaging-based quality assessment, advanced signal processing, predictive process controls and the integration with other quality control tools. The SQA program team, composed of entities capable of and experienced in (1) research, (2) technology manufacturing, (3) technology sales and marketing, and (4) technology end users, is very strong. There were 5 core participants: OGT, Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT), University of Wisconsin (UW), Charter Steel (Charter) and ArcelorMittal Indiana Harbor (Inland). OGT served as the project coordinator. OGT participated in both research and commercialization. GIT and UW provided significant technical inputs to this SQA project. The steel mills provided access to their rolling lines for data collection, design of experiments, host of technology test and verification, and first-hand knowledge of the most advanced rolling line operation in the US. This project lasted 5 years with 5 major tasks. The team successfully worked through the tasks with deliverables in detection, data analysis and process control. Technologies developed in this project were commercialized as soon as they were ready. For instance, the advanced surface defect detection algorithms were integrated into OGT’s HotEye® RSB systems late 2005, resulting in a more matured product serving the steel industry. In addition to the commercialization results, the SQA team delivered 7 papers and 1 patent. OGT was also recognized by two prestigious awards, including the R&D100 Award in 2006. To date, this SQA project has started to make an impact in the special bar quality industry. The resulted product, HotEye® RSB systems have been accepted by quality steel mills worldwide. Over 16 installations were completed, including 1 in Argentina, 2 in Canada, 2 in China, 2 in Germany, 2 in Japan, and 7 in the U.S. Documented savings in reduced internal rejects, improved customer satisfaction and simplified processes were reported from various mills. In one case, the mill reported over 50% reduction in its scrap, reflecting a significant saving in energy and reduction in emission. There exist additional applications in the steel industry where the developed technologies can be used. OGT is working toward bringing the developed technologies to more applications. Examples are: in-line inspection and process control for continuous casting, steel rails, and seamless tube manufacturing.

Tzyy-Shuh Chang; Jianjun Shi; Shiyu Zhou

2009-03-03

352

Support planning and controlling of early quality assurance by combining expert judgment and defect data - a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Planning quality assurance (QA) activities in a systematic way and controlling their execution are challenging tasks for companies\\u000a that develop software or software-intensive systems. Both require estimation capabilities regarding the effectiveness of the\\u000a applied QA techniques and the defect content of the checked artifacts. Existing approaches for these purposes need extensive\\u000a measurement data from historical projects. Due to the fact

Michael Kläs; Haruka Nakao; Frank Elberzhager; Jürgen Münch

2010-01-01

353

Data Quality Monitoring and Quality Assurance for the Alice-Hmpid Detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ALICE-HMPID Detector (High Momentum Particle Identification Detector), is based on the Cherenkov effect and allows the identification (3-sigma separation) of pions and kaons in the momentum range 1 GeV/c < p < 3 GeV/c and of protons in the range 1.5 GeV/c < p < 5 GeV/c. The Data Quality Monitoring (DQM) and the Quality Assurance (QA) are important aspects for the HEP experiment. During the data taking, an on-line check of the quality of the data collected by each ALICE sub-detector (DQM) is needed to guarantee high detector performance. Quality checks on Monte Carlo simulation and real data are also performed to ensure the quality of the data produced and the goodness of the physics results. The HMPID QA functions have been implemented as part of AliRoot, the official software framework of ALICE, while the HMPID DQM functions are included in AMORE, the official software of the experiment dedicated to the on-line monitoring. The Quality Assurance and the Data Quality monitoring related to the performance of the ALICE-HMPID detector will be presented.

Tangaro, M. A.

2014-06-01

354

The transition to a revised quality assurance standard: The Los Alamos experience  

SciTech Connect

On January 6, 1993 the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) office received a directive to implement DOE/RW-0333P, Quality Assurance Requirements and Description. This document is a revised quality assurance standard containing the quality assurance requirements for the YMP. Forty-two Los Alamos quality assurance documents were affected by this directive. Our goal was to transition to the revised standard with minimal impact on research activities yet maintain maximum flexibility and efficiency. The process of transitioning to a revised quality assurance standard, in essence replacing an existing quality assurance program with a new program, was a unique learning experience. Although some problems were anticipated, the magnitude and complexity of problems was, at times, almost overwhelming. The problems encountered include the review process being more complex than anticipated; inconsistencies of much larger magnitude than originally believed; difficulties with electronic data base connections; quality processes being more complex than originally perceived, and administrative bottlenecks. The transition was very stressful and this was in part caused by the magnitude of the change. However, the transition process was enhanced by both a flexible schedule (provided by the customer) and flexibility in being able to revise procedures and modify processes. This allowed for minimal disruption to research activities. The new quality assurance program is better documented, therefore should be better understood by YMP personnel, is tracked electronically, and should provide a better product for the customer.

Bolivar, S.L.; Clevenger, M.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Gillespie, P.F.; Day, J.L. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., NM (United States)

1994-04-01

355

10 CFR Appendix B to Part 50 - Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants  

...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...and components of the reactor. Nuclear power plants and fuel...

2014-01-01

356

10 CFR Appendix B to Part 50 - Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...and components of the reactor. Nuclear power plants and fuel...

2011-01-01

357

10 CFR Appendix B to Part 50 - Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...and components of the reactor. Nuclear power plants and fuel...

2012-01-01

358

10 CFR Appendix B to Part 50 - Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...Quality Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing Plants...and components of the reactor. Nuclear power plants and fuel...

2013-01-01

359

Clinical practice and evaluation of electronic portal imaging device for VMAT quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a novel extension of the intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) technique, which has brought challenges to dose verification. To perform VMAT pretreatment quality assurance, an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) can be applied. This study's aim was to evaluate EPID performance for VMAT dose verification. First, dosimetric characteristics of EPID were investigated. Then 10 selected VMAT dose plans were measured by EPID with the rotational method. The overall variation of EPID dosimetric characteristics was within 1.4% for VMAT. The film system serving as a conventional tool for verification showed good agreement both with EPID measurements ([94.1 ± 1.5]% with 3 mm/3% criteria) and treatment planning system (TPS) calculations ([97.4 ± 2.8]% with 3 mm/3% criteria). In addition, EPID measurements for VMAT presented good agreement with TPS calculations ([99.1 ± 0.6]% with 3 mm/3% criteria). The EPID system performed the robustness of potential error findings in TPS calculations and the delivery system. This study demonstrated that an EPID system can be used as a reliable and efficient quality assurance tool for VMAT dose verification.

Huang, Yen-Cho, E-mail: yenchohuang@hotmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Chien-Yi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Jih-Hsiang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Lo, Ching-Jung; Tsai, Ping-Fang; Hung, Chih-Hung [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Chieh-Sheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Chen, Chen-Yuan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China)

2013-04-01

360

Quality control and assurance for validation of DOS/I measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ongoing multi-center clinical trials are crucial for Biophotonics to gain acceptance in medical imaging. In these trials, quality control (QC) and assurance (QA) are key to success and provide "data insurance". Quality control and assurance deal with standardization, validation, and compliance of procedures, materials and instrumentation. Specifically, QC/QA involves systematic assessment of testing materials, instrumentation performance, standard operating procedures, data logging, analysis, and reporting. QC and QA are important for FDA accreditation and acceptance by the clinical community. Our Biophotonics research in the Network for Translational Research in Optical Imaging (NTROI) program for breast cancer characterization focuses on QA/QC issues primarily related to the broadband Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy and Imaging (DOS/I) instrumentation, because this is an emerging technology with limited standardized QC/QA in place. In the multi-center trial environment, we implement QA/QC procedures: 1. Standardize and validate calibration standards and procedures. (DOS/I technology requires both frequency domain and spectral calibration procedures using tissue simulating phantoms and reflectance standards, respectively.) 2. Standardize and validate data acquisition, processing and visualization (optimize instrument software-EZDOS; centralize data processing) 3. Monitor, catalog and maintain instrument performance (document performance; modularize maintenance; integrate new technology) 4. Standardize and coordinate trial data entry (from individual sites) into centralized database 5. Monitor, audit and communicate all research procedures (database, teleconferences, training sessions) between participants ensuring "calibration". This manuscript describes our ongoing efforts, successes and challenges implementing these strategies.

Cerussi, Albert; Durkin, Amanda; Kwong, Richard; Quang, Timothy; Hill, Brian; Tromberg, Bruce J.; MacKinnon, Nick; Mantulin, William W.

2010-02-01

361

Quality assurance in transnational higher education: a case study of the tropEd network  

PubMed Central

Introduction Transnational or cross-border higher education has rapidly expanded since the 1980s. Together with that expansion issues on quality assurance came to the forefront. This article aims to identify key issues regarding quality assurance of transnational higher education and discusses the quality assurance of the tropEd Network for International Health in Higher Education in relation to these key issues. Methods Literature review and review of documents. Results From the literature the following key issues regarding transnational quality assurance were identified and explored: comparability of quality assurance frameworks, true collaboration versus erosion of national education sovereignty, accreditation agencies and transparency. The tropEd network developed a transnational quality assurance framework for the network. The network accredits modules through a rigorous process which has been accepted by major stakeholders. This process was a participatory learning process and at the same time the process worked positive for the relations between the institutions. Discussion The development of the quality assurance framework and the process provides a potential example for others. PMID:23537108

2013-01-01

362

Software quality assurance plans for safety-critical software  

SciTech Connect

Application software is defined as safety-critical if a fault in the software could prevent the system components from performing their nuclear-safety functions. Therefore, for nuclear-safety systems, the AREVA TELEPERM{sup R} XS (TXS) system is classified 1E, as defined in the Inst. of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Std 603-1998. The application software is classified as Software Integrity Level (SIL)-4, as defined in IEEE Std 7-4.3.2-2003. The AREVA NP Inc. Software Program Manual (SPM) describes the measures taken to ensure that the TELEPERM XS application software attains a level of quality commensurate with its importance to safety. The manual also describes how TELEPERM XS correctly performs the required safety functions and conforms to established technical and documentation requirements, conventions, rules, and standards. The program manual covers the requirements definition, detailed design, integration, and test phases for the TELEPERM XS application software, and supporting software created by AREVA NP Inc. The SPM is required for all safety-related TELEPERM XS system applications. The program comprises several basic plans and practices: 1. A Software Quality-Assurance Plan (SQAP) that describes the processes necessary to ensure that the software attains a level of quality commensurate with its importance to safety function. 2. A Software Safety Plan (SSP) that identifies the process to reasonably ensure that safety-critical software performs as intended during all abnormal conditions and events, and does not introduce any new hazards that could jeopardize the health and safety of the public. 3. A Software Verification and Validation (V and V) Plan that describes the method of ensuring the software is in accordance with the requirements. 4. A Software Configuration Management Plan (SCMP) that describes the method of maintaining the software in an identifiable state at all times. 5. A Software Operations and Maintenance Plan (SO and MP) that describes software-related practices after delivery to a customer. Some of these plans are supported by IEEE standards endorsed by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in its regulatory guides. For example, the Verification and Validation Plan follows the format and content guidance of IEEE Std. 1012-1998, as endorsed by RG 1.168. Where format and content guidance is not provided by industry standards, the requirements are outlined in the SPM. This paper addresses the SQAP. The other aspects of the SPM are not included (i.e., Software V and V, SCMP, etc.). The SQAP follows the applicable format and content guidance in IEEE Std. 730-2002, and incorporates the applicable QA requirements from IEEE Std. 336-1977, with respect to inspection and testing, up to and including factory acceptance testing. (authors)

Liddle, P. [AREVA NP Inc., AREVA, Siemens Company, 1345 Ridgeland Parkway, Alpharetta, GA 30004 (United States)

2006-07-01

363

ENQA: 10 Years (2000-2010): A Decade of European Co-Operation in Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) arises in the late 1990s when the first formal procedures for quality assurance begun to stabilize on a national level. As a result of the European Pilot Projects in the field of external quality assurance during the nineties, participants felt the need for…

Crozier, Fiona, Ed.; Costes, Nathalie, Ed.; Ranne, Paula, Ed.; Stalter, Maria, Ed.

2010-01-01

364

GPR in Nondestructive Quality Assurance of New Asphalt Pavements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mara Nord is an international cooperation project financed by Interreg IVA Nord funding program with partners from Finland, Sweden and Norway. One of the objectives in Mara Nord project has been to research the quality assurance of new asphalt pavement. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey is used as an alternative method for coring in quality assurance. There exist numerous advantages for the use of GPR. For example, the fluent measuring arrangements without closing the traffic on the road and the extensive continuous profile that can be constructed from the measuring data. Within the framework of Mara Nord Project field tests were organized in Seinäjoki region in Finland on August 2011. The tests were done by four consulting companies from Finland and Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences. The aim of these tests was to compare the measured dielectric value profiles and the calculated void content profiles of the equipment. The tested equipment was GSSI manufactured SIR-20 and 1 GHz horn antennas. Void content values were calculated using the model presented by Mr. Roimela (1997). All core samples were taken from the right wheel path. The same reference core samples were used when analyzing the data of each GPR equipment. Some samples were taken right after the pavement work was completed with the rest three weeks after during the test measurements. The tests indicated that GPRs have very good repeatability in measuring dielectric changes on top surface layers of asphalt pavements. Furthermore, different GPRs locate the same detectable longitudinal dielectric changes with high accuracy. Some differences were found in the dielectric value levels, yet reproducibility of the calculated void content values was quite good. The test data was also used to evaluate the reliability of the regression model between the dielectric values measured through GPR and the void content of the pavement determined from reference cores. Test data indicated that accurate regression model could not be validated by using test data because of too wide variation. The variation of void content in core sample results was not always registered by GPR with corresponding variation in dielectric value. There was some moisture present in test conditions and this might have influenced the GPR results. There are some reference data from dry conditions which will be used later on for analyzing the influence of moisture. There was also quite wide variation in void content determined from core samples taken close to each other during field tests. However, wide variation was not seen in core samples taken right after the pavement work. It is possible that traffic load had its effect on the asphalt pavement compaction. The results indicate that when using only one survey line it should be located between wheel paths. Another option is GPR void content measurements should be done right after the pavement work.

Poikajärvi, J.; Peisa, K.; Narbro, A.

2012-04-01

365

78 FR 37850 - Quality Assurance Program Requirements (Operations)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Program Requirements (Operations).'' This RG describes...power plants during operations. ADDRESSES: Please...Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Introduction The NRC is issuing...controls to assure safe operation. II....

2013-06-24

366

Quality assurance methodology for Varian RapidArc treatment plans.  

PubMed

With the commercial introduction of the Varian RapidArc, a new modality for treatment planning and delivery, the need has arisen for consistent and efficient techniques for performing patient-specific quality assurance (QA) tests. In this paper we present our methodology for a RapidArc treatment plan QA procedure. For our measurements we used a 2D diode array (MapCHECK) embedded at 5 cm water equivalent depth in MapPHAN 5 phantom and an Exradin A16 ion chamber placed in six different positions in a cylindrical homogeneous phantom (QUASAR). We also checked the MUs for the RapidArc plans by using independent software (RadCalc). The agreement between Eclipse calculations and MapCHECK/MapPHAN5 measurements was evaluated using both absolute distance-to-agreement (DTA) and gamma index with 10% dose threshold (TH), 3% dose difference (DD), and 3 mm DTA. The average agreement was 94.4% for the DTA approach and 96.3% for the gamma index approach. In high-dose areas, the discrepancy between calculations and ion chamber measurements using the QUASAR phantom was within 4.5% for prostate cases. For the RadCalc calculations, we used the average SSD along the arc; however, for some patients the agreement for the MUs obtained with RadCalc versus Eclipse was inadequate (discrepancy > 5%). In these cases, the plan was divided into partial arc plans so that RadCalc could perform a better estimation of the MUs. The discrepancy was further reduced to within ~4% using this approach. Regardless of the variation in prescribed dose and location of the treated areas, we obtained very good results for all patients studied in this paper. PMID:21081873

Iftimia, Ileana; Cirino, Eileen T; Xiong, Li; Mower, Herbert W

2010-01-01

367

Quality assurance of radiotherapy in cancer treatment: toward improvement of patient safety and quality of care.  

PubMed

The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. PMID:18952706

Ishikura, Satoshi

2008-11-01

368

Quality assurance for the query and distribution systems of the RCSB Protein Data Bank  

PubMed Central

The RCSB Protein Data Bank (RCSB PDB, www.pdb.org) is a key online resource for structural biology and related scientific disciplines. The website is used on average by 165?000 unique visitors per month, and more than 2000 other websites link to it. The amount and complexity of PDB data as well as the expectations on its usage are growing rapidly. Therefore, ensuring the reliability and robustness of the RCSB PDB query and distribution systems are crucially important and increasingly challenging. This article describes quality assurance for the RCSB PDB website at several distinct levels, including: (i) hardware redundancy and failover, (ii) testing protocols for weekly database updates, (iii) testing and release procedures for major software updates and (iv) miscellaneous monitoring and troubleshooting tools and practices. As such it provides suggestions for how other websites might be operated. Database URL: www.pdb.org PMID:21382834

Bluhm, Wolfgang F.; Beran, Bojan; Bi, Chunxiao; Dimitropoulos, Dimitris; Prlic, Andreas; Quinn, Gregory B.; Rose, Peter W.; Shah, Chaitali; Young, Jasmine; Yukich, Benjamin; Berman, Helen M.; Bourne, Philip E.

2011-01-01

369

ALMA service data analysis and level 2 quality assurance with CASA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atacama Large mm and sub-mm Array (ALMA) radio observatory is one of the world's largest astronomical projects. After the very successful conclusion of the first observation cycles Early Science Cycles 0 and 1, the ALMA project can report many successes and lessons learned. The science data taken interleaved with commis- sioning tests for the still continuing addition of new capabilities has already resulted in numerous publications in high-profile journals. The increasing data volume and complexity are challenging but under control. The radio-astronomical data analysis package "Common Astronomy Software Applications" (CASA) has played a crucial role in this effort. This article describes the implementation of the ALMA data quality assurance system, in particular the level 2 which is based on CASA, and the lessons learned.

Petry, Dirk; Vila-Vilaro, Baltasar; Villard, Eric; Komugi, Shinya; Schnee, Scott

2014-07-01

370

ALMA service data analysis and level 2 quality assurance with CASA  

E-print Network

The Atacama Large mm and sub-mm Array (ALMA) radio observatory is one of the world's largest astronomical projects. After the very successful conclusion of the first observation cycles Early Science Cycles 0 and 1, the ALMA project can report many successes and lessons learned. The science data taken interleaved with commissioning tests for the still continuing addition of new capabilities has already resulted in numerous publications in high-profile journals. The increasing data volume and complexity are challenging but under control. The radio-astronomical data analysis package "Common Astronomy Software Applications" (CASA) has played a crucial role in this effort. This article describes the implementation of the ALMA data quality assurance system, in particular the level 2 which is based on CASA, and the lessons learned.

Petry, Dirk; Villard, Eric; Komugi, Shinya; Schnee, Scott

2014-01-01

371

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS: VOLUME IV - METEOROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS (REVISED - AUGUST 1994)  

EPA Science Inventory

Procedures on installing, acceptance testing, operating, maintaining and quality assuring three types of ground-based, upper air meteorological measurement systems are described. he limitations and uncertainties in precision and accuracy measurements associated with these systems...

372

Recommendations for a Software Quality Assurance Plan for the CMR Facility at LANL  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Materials Technology (NMT) organizations 1 and 3 within the Chemical and Metallurgical Research (CMR) facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory are working to achieve Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) certification to enable them to transport their TRU waste to WIPP. This document is intended to provide not only recommendations to address the necessary software quality assurance activities to enable the NMT-1 and NMT-3 organizations to be WIPP compliant but is also meant to provide a template for the final Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP). This document specifically addresses software quality assurance for all software used in support of waste characterization and analysis. Since NMT-1 and NMT-3 currently have several operational software products that are used for waste characterization and analysis, these software quality assurance recommendations apply to the operations, maintenance and retirement of the software and the creation and development of any new software required for waste characterization and analyses.

Adams, K.; Matthews, S. D.; McQueen, M. A.

1998-10-01

373

21 CFR 20.114 - Data and information submitted pursuant to cooperative quality assurance agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 20.114 Section 20.114 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...and information submitted to the Food and Drug Administration pursuant...quality assurance agreement shall be handled in accordance with the rules...

2012-04-01

374

21 CFR 20.114 - Data and information submitted pursuant to cooperative quality assurance agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 20.114 Section 20.114 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...and information submitted to the Food and Drug Administration pursuant...quality assurance agreement shall be handled in accordance with the rules...

2013-04-01

375

21 CFR 20.114 - Data and information submitted pursuant to cooperative quality assurance agreements.  

... 20.114 Section 20.114 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...and information submitted to the Food and Drug Administration pursuant...quality assurance agreement shall be handled in accordance with the rules...

2014-04-01

376

21 CFR 20.114 - Data and information submitted pursuant to cooperative quality assurance agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 20.114 Section 20.114 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...and information submitted to the Food and Drug Administration pursuant...quality assurance agreement shall be handled in accordance with the rules...

2011-04-01

377

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...noncertified SPPE; and (ii) When noncertified SPPE that is already in service requires offsite repair, remanufacturing, or hot work such as welding, you must replace it with certified SPPE. (c) Recognizing other quality assurance...

2010-07-01

378

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...noncertified SPPE; and (ii) When noncertified SPPE that is already in service requires offsite repair, remanufacturing, or hot work such as welding, you must replace it with certified SPPE. (c) Recognizing other quality assurance...

2013-07-01

379

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...noncertified SPPE; and (ii) When noncertified SPPE that is already in service requires offsite repair, remanufacturing, or hot work such as welding, you must replace it with certified SPPE. (c) Recognizing other quality assurance...

2012-07-01

380

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINE FOR PROCESS FEED RATE MONITORS IN THE PORTLAND  

EPA Science Inventory

This study, sponsored by the Quality Assurance Division of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, evaluated the performance of process feed rate monitors used in the Portland Cement and Lime Industries. Particulate emission regulat...

381

The Soils and Groundwater – EM-20 S&T Roadmap Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The Soils and Groundwater – EM-20 Science and Technology Roadmap Project is a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies and technology for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by EM-20 Roadmap Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-02-11

382

An oscillating sweeping gap test for VMAT quality assurance.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to develop an oscillating sweeping gap test for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) quality assurance (QA). A novel test was designed and used to simultaneously determine uncertainties associated with linac performance, dose calculation and dosimetric MLC parameters during VMAT delivery. Delivered doses were measured with Matrixx, ionization chamber A12 and EDR2 films, and compared to calculations from the treatment planning system (TPS) Eclipse. A new gantry and MLC motion pattern, called here 'oscillating sweeping gap', is developed as an extension of the standard sweeping gap MLC pattern developed for IMRT QA. Specifically, in the oscillating sweeping gap test, a uniform MLC gap is moving repeatedly back and forth across the field at a constant speed during a full rotation of the gantry. The dose distribution generated by the combined gantry and MLC motion pattern is designed to be quasi-uniform within a cylindrical target volume with a sharp penumbra. The test design allows for an easy detection of dose errors as deviations from the uniform background. MLC gap sizes, gantry and MLC speeds and monitor units (MU) are selected according to a formula determining the magnitude of dose delivered to the target. Both measured and calculated dose distributions were analyzed as a function of the number of control points in the TPS, MLC gap size and magnitude of the gantry angle error. Dose calculation errors due to the insufficient number of control points in the gantry and MLC motion pattern appear as streak artifacts. The magnitude of these artifacts is increasing with the decreased number of control points, and with the decreased MLC gap size. The spatial distribution of dose errors due to the gantry angle errors (unsteady rocking motion) appears as high-frequency noise for higher wobble frequencies and as large hot/cold spots for lower wobble frequencies. The actual MLC leaf position as a function of time (or the gantry angle), determined from the Matrixx snaps (dose images measured per time interval) of the moving gap and compared to the ideal leaf positions, reveal discrepancies in agreement with theoretical calculations. The MLC parameters determined for VMAT with the oscillating sweeping gap test, their uncertainties and the associated dose errors are similar to those determined for IMRT with the standard sweeping gap test. The oscillating sweeping gap test has been developed for the gantry and MLC QA. Applications include commissioning of the planning system for VMAT and performing routine linac QA. The test is sensitive to several errors in dose calculation and delivery. PMID:20702923

Bhagwat, Mandar S; Han, Zhaohui; Ng, Sook Kien; Zygmanski, Piotr

2010-09-01

383

An oscillating sweeping gap test for VMAT quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to develop an oscillating sweeping gap test for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) quality assurance (QA). A novel test was designed and used to simultaneously determine uncertainties associated with linac performance, dose calculation and dosimetric MLC parameters during VMAT delivery. Delivered doses were measured with Matrixx™, ionization chamber A12 and EDR2™ films, and compared to calculations from the treatment planning system (TPS) Eclipse™. A new gantry and MLC motion pattern, called here 'oscillating sweeping gap', is developed as an extension of the standard sweeping gap MLC pattern developed for IMRT QA. Specifically, in the oscillating sweeping gap test, a uniform MLC gap is moving repeatedly back and forth across the field at a constant speed during a full rotation of the gantry. The dose distribution generated by the combined gantry and MLC motion pattern is designed to be quasi-uniform within a cylindrical target volume with a sharp penumbra. The test design allows for an easy detection of dose errors as deviations from the uniform background. MLC gap sizes, gantry and MLC speeds and monitor units (MU) are selected according to a formula determining the magnitude of dose delivered to the target. Both measured and calculated dose distributions were analyzed as a function of the number of control points in the TPS, MLC gap size and magnitude of the gantry angle error. Dose calculation errors due to the insufficient number of control points in the gantry and MLC motion pattern appear as streak artifacts. The magnitude of these artifacts is increasing with the decreased number of control points, and with the decreased MLC gap size. The spatial distribution of dose errors due to the gantry angle errors (unsteady rocking motion) appears as high-frequency noise for higher wobble frequencies and as large hot/cold spots for lower wobble frequencies. The actual MLC leaf position as a function of time (or the gantry angle), determined from the Matrixx snaps (dose images measured per time interval) of the moving gap and compared to the ideal leaf positions, reveal discrepancies in agreement with theoretical calculations. The MLC parameters determined for VMAT with the oscillating sweeping gap test, their uncertainties and the associated dose errors are similar to those determined for IMRT with the standard sweeping gap test. The oscillating sweeping gap test has been developed for the gantry and MLC QA. Applications include commissioning of the planning system for VMAT and performing routine linac QA. The test is sensitive to several errors in dose calculation and delivery.

Bhagwat, Mandar S.; Han, Zhaohui; Kien Ng, Sook; Zygmanski, Piotr

2010-09-01

384

Quality control and assurance in anesthesia: A necessity of the modern times  

PubMed Central

The advent of newer developments in anesthesia techniques and current clinical scenario has necessitated assurance of quality anesthesia services delivery. Numerous factors including availability of newer drugs, availability of newer advanced monitoring gadgets, increased awareness among the patient population, implementation of newer medico-legal laws and professional competitiveness has mandated a quality control and assurance in anesthesia. These domains of quality control are adapted from public health and are being incorporated into daily anesthesia practice in a gradual and phased manner. Quality control and assurance can be assessed and measured with certain quality indicators, which are also helpful in determining the perioperative outcome in anesthesia and surgical practice. Patient's perception about various anesthetic procedures, drug effects and recovery state are the prime underlying basis for assessing the quality assurance and control. At the same time, a positive impact of feedback mechanism cannot be under-emphasized while aiming for improvement in delivery of quality anesthesia services. The current review is aimed at highlighting the important aspects associated with quality assurance and quality control in anesthesia practice.

Bajwa, Sukhminder Jit Singh; Jindal, Ravi

2014-01-01

385

Quality and efficiency in a Swedish hospital and rural medical centre. Alternative methods of quality assurance.  

PubMed

Attitude studies of patients, their relatives, and sometimes even widows or widowers suggest that about 80 per cent of a small sample of Swedish in-patients are satisfied. However, the discontinuity of patient-staff relations in 69 per cent of out-patients is disturbing. There is a possibility that medical quality in the Swedish non-fee-for-service system is affected negatively by staff inactivity, which could explain slow diagnoses, long median durations of stay, and high cost. A tentative but comprehensive study indicates a theoretical efficiency increase in a large Swedish hospital of about 40, and a realistic increase of about 10 per cent. In the author's view, present attempts at cost reduction rarely achieve an efficiency increase, but they may reduce medical quality. The absence of quality assurance in parallel with cost reduction is criticized, and a WHO recommendation is proposed. PMID:1823407

Reizenstein, P

1991-01-01

386

Implications of the South African Constitution on Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article addresses the concept of quality assurance (QA) and its relation to quality in higher education which itself is a component of total quality management. It then examines the regulatory policies for higher education followed by the meaning of the concept of democracy in the South African Constitution and its impact and implications on…

Mammen, K. John

2006-01-01

387

Software quality development and assurance in RUP, MSF and XP: a comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The support of software quality in a software development process may be regarded under two aspects: first, by providing techniques, which support the development of high quality software and second, by providing techniques, which assure the required quality attributes in existing artifacts. Both approaches have to be combined to achieve effective and successful software engineering.In this study, we compare three

Wolfgang Zuser; Stefan Heil; Thomas Grechenig

2005-01-01

388

Building High-Performing and Improving Education Systems: Quality Assurance and Accountability. Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monitoring, evaluation, and quality assurance in their various forms are seen as being one of the foundation stones of high-quality education systems. De Grauwe, writing about "school supervision" in four African countries in 2001, linked the decline in the quality of basic education to the cut in resources for supervision and support.…

Slater, Liz

2013-01-01

389

Quality assurance in radiotherapy: from radiation physics to patient- and trial-oriented control procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stepwise process of the EORTC Quality Assurance Programme in Radiotherapy is described in function of two main criteria: the targets of the quality control procedures implemented, in Radiation Physics and clinical research, by the EORTC Radiotherapy Group and the development of both trial- and patient-oriented quality systems. This exhaustive program, which started in 1982, is characterised by three main

J Bernier; J. C Horiot; P Poortmans

2002-01-01

390

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL PLAN FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY (NOVEMBER 1988)  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper identifies the quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) objectives that must be met to creat a comprehensive and accurate emissions inventory and summarizes the QA/QC plan specifically designed for the 1985 inventory to meet these objectives. The data quality objec...

391

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

...2013-07-01 true Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2014-07-01

392

Innovative quality-assurance strategies for tuberculosis surveillance in the United States.  

PubMed

Introduction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s National Tuberculosis Surveillance System (NTSS) is the national repository of tuberculosis (TB) data in the United States. Jurisdictions report to NTSS through the Report of Verified Case of Tuberculosis (RVCT) form that transitioned to a web-based system in 2009. Materials and Methods. To improve RVCT data quality, CDC conducted a quality assurance (QA) needs assessment to develop QA strategies. These include QA components (case detection, data accuracy, completeness, timeliness, data security, and confidentiality); sample tools such as National TB Indicators Project (NTIP) to identify TB case reporting discrepancies; comprehensive training course; resource guide and toolkit. Results and Discussion. During July-September 2011, 73 staff from 34 (57%) of 60 reporting jurisdictions participated in QA training. Participants stated usefulness of sharing jurisdictions' QA methods; 66 (93%) wrote that the QA tools will be effective for their activities. Several jurisdictions reported implementation of QA tools pertinent to their programs. Data showed >8% increase in NTSS and NTIP enrollment through Secure Access Management Services, which monitors system usage, from August 2011-February 2012. Conclusions. Despite challenges imposed by web-based surveillance systems, QA strategies can be developed with innovation and collaboration. These strategies can also be used by other disease programs to ensure high data quality. PMID:22685648

Manangan, Lilia Ponce; Tryon, Cheryl; Magee, Elvin; Miramontes, Roque

2012-01-01

393

Quality assurance in the treatment of colorectal cancer: the EURECCA initiative.  

PubMed

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in Europe. Over the past few decades, important advances have been made in screening, staging and treatment of colorectal cancer. However, considerable variation between and within European countries remains, which implies that further improvements are possible. The most important remaining question now is: when are we, health care professionals, delivering the best available care to patients with colon or rectal cancer? Currently, quality assurance is a major issue in colorectal cancer care and quality assurance awareness is developing in almost all disciplines involved in the treatment of colorectal cancer patients. Quality assurance has shown to be effective in clinical trials. For example, standardisation and quality control were introduced in the Dutch TME trial and led to marked improvements of local control and survival in rectal cancer patients. Besides, audit structures can also be very effective in monitoring cancer management and national audits showed to further improve outcome in colorectal cancer patients. To reduce the differences between European countries, an international, multidisciplinary, outcome-based quality improvement programme, European Registration of Cancer Care (EURECCA), has been initiated. In the near future, the EURECCA dataset will perform research on subgroups as elderly patients or patients with comorbidities, which are often excluded from trials. For optimal colorectal cancer care, quality assurance in guideline formation and in multidisciplinary team management is also of great importance. The aim of this review was to create greater awareness and to give an overview of quality assurance in the management of colorectal cancer. PMID:24671742

Breugom, A J; Boelens, P G; van den Broek, C B M; Cervantes, A; Van Cutsem, E; Schmoll, H J; Valentini, V; van de Velde, C J H

2014-08-01

394

[Quality assurance in heart surgery: 8 years experience with a "feedback-control" system in Heidelberg].  

PubMed

An important aspect of quality assurance in cardiac surgery covers the epidemiological analysis of patient data. After an 8 year period of clinical experience with quality assurance, we summarize and evaluate current concepts and actual experiences regarding a special type of database application and organisation ("feedback-control-system") for quality assurance. It had been developed to meet and solve the problems related to the data acquisition process, that are typically present in the clinical routine of quality assurance. In 1988 the "feedback-control-system" was designed and implemented in the Department of Cardiac Surgery at Heidelberg University. Since then it had been continuously improved and adapted to satisfy current needs in cardiac surgery. More than 1500 items are now recorded routinely per patient. At present, detailed information of more than 10,000 patients is available for the specific methods of analysis in the field of quality assurance. The basic concept included 1. the integration of the data acquisition in the daily clinical routine, 2. the evaluation and improvement of collected data material by means of "output-functions", that require previously recorded reliable data (that is automatically computer generated operation reports, letters, statistics, accounting etc.), and 3. to ensure that the medical and non-medical staff members participate in the advantages and the responsibilities of the data-base system for quality assurance. Analyses of perioperative risks and results, early discovery of trends, identification of special subpopulations receiving special types of treatment in cardiac surgery etc. have now become a regularly performed tool in clinical routine. This includes the availability of "problem profiles", "trend analysis", the use of simple concluding statistics as well as the calculation of multivariable models. This internal quality assurance is completed by "multicentric" comparisons with further hospitals already using the same data-base system (external quality assurance). Within 8 years, the feedback-control-system has become a reliable and valuable tool for quality assurance in daily routine. The high acceptance of the database system is related to the advantages it provides for every participant. We conclude that the concept of data evaluation and improvement by means of "output functions" and "integration of data acquisition in clinical routines" has proved to be efficient in everyday practice. The sensitivity and specifity to such a feedback controlled system as a tool for measuring surgical quality, however, still remains a matter requiring further research. PMID:9081906

Vahl, C F; Meinzer, P; Thomas, G; Osswald, B R; Hagl, S

1996-12-01

395

Surface Water Quality-Assurance Plan for the Alabama District of the U. S. Geological Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, has a policy that requires each District office to prepare a Surface Water Quality-Assurance Plan. The plan for each District describes the policies and procedures that ensure high quality in the collection, processing, analysis, computer storage, and publication of surface-water data. The Alabama District Surface Water Quality-Assurance Plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of surface-water data.

Hedgecock, T. Scott; Pearman, J. Leroy; Stricklin, Victor E.

2002-01-01

396

Quality Assurance Program Plan for AGR Fuel Development and Qualification Program  

SciTech Connect

Quality Assurance Plan (QPP) is to document the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) Management and Operating (M&O) Contractor’s quality assurance program for AGR Fuel Development and Qualification activities, which is under the control of the INEEL. The QPP is an integral part of the Gen IV Program Execution Plan (PEP) and establishes the set of management controls for those systems, structures and components (SSCs) and related quality affecting activities, necessary to provide adequate confidence that items will perform satisfactorily in service.

W. Ken Sowder

2004-02-01

397

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Management Project (WMP) is committed to excellence in our work and to delivering quality products and services to our customers, protecting our employees and the public and to being good stewards of the environment. We will continually strive to understand customer requirements, perform services, and activities that meet or exceed customer expectations, and be cost-effective in our performance. The WMP maintains an environment that fosters continuous improvement in our processes, performance, safety and quality. The achievement of quality will require the total commitment of all WMP employees to our ethic that Quality, Health and Safety, and Regulatory Compliance must come before profits. The successful implementation of this policy and ethic requires a formal, documented management quality system to ensure quality standards are established and achieved in all activities. The following principles are the foundation of our quality system. Senior management will take full ownership of the quality system and will create an environment that ensures quality objectives are met, standards are clearly established, and performance is measured and evaluated. Line management will be responsible for quality system implementation. Each organization will adhere to all quality system requirements that apply to their function. Every employee will be responsible for their work quality, to work safely and for complying with the policies, procedures and instructions applicable to their activities. Quality will be addressed and verified during all phases of our work scope from proposal development through closeout including contracts or projects. Continuous quality improvement will be an ongoing process. Our quality ethic and these quality principles constantly guide our actions. We will meet our own quality expectations and exceed those of our customers with vigilance, commitment, teamwork, and persistence.

HORHOTA, M.J.

2000-12-21

398

Why Is It Difficult to Grasp the Impacts of the Portuguese Quality Assurance System?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the impacts of the Portuguese quality assurance system on academic cultures, using the Cultural Theory proposed by Douglas (1970, 1982) and developed by Thompson, Ellis and Wildavsky (1990) as an explanatory framework for Portuguese academics' preference formation in relation to quality assessment. The Portuguese higher…

Veiga, Amélia; Rosa, Maria João; Dias, Diana; Amaral, Alberto

2013-01-01

399

Real-time quality assurance testing using photonic techniques: Application to iodine water system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feasibility study of the use of inspection systems incorporating photonic sensors and multivariate analyses to provide an instrumentation system that in real-time assures quality and that the system in control has been conducted. A system is in control when the near future of the product quality is predictable. Off-line chemical analyses can be used for a chemical process when

W. F. Arendale; Richard Hatcher; Yadilett Garlington; Jack Harwell; Tracey Everett

1990-01-01

400

Quality assurance plan for Waste Area Grouping 6 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) is concerned with design and construction (Sect. 2) and characterization and monitoring (Sect. 3). The basis for Sect. 2 is the Quality Assurance Plan for the Design and Construction of Waste Area Grouping 6 Closure at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the basis for Sect. 3 is the Environmental Restoration Quality Program Plan. Combining the two areas into one plan gives a single, overall document that explains the requirements and from which the individual QAPs and quality assurance project plans can be written. The Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 6 QAP establishes the procedures and requirements to be implemented for control of quality-related activities for the WAG 6 project. Quality Assurance (QA) activities are subject to requirements detailed in the Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), QA Program and the Environmental Restoration (ER) QA Program, as well as to other quality requirements. These activities may be performed by Energy Systems organizations, subcontractors to Energy Systems, and architect-engineer (A-E) under prime contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE), or a construction manager under prime contract to DOE. This plan specifies the overall Energy Systems quality requirements for the project. The WAG 6 QAP will be supplemented by subproject QAPs that will identify additional requirements pertaining to each subproject.

Not Available

1994-01-01

401

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...irradiation of any part of the human body for the purpose of diagnosis...produce consistently high quality images with minimum exposure of the...by the facility producing the images. Quality assurance actions include...controlled production of diagnostic images with x-rays. It...

2010-04-01

402

Quality Assurance in Asian Distance Education: Diverse Approaches and Common Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the phenomenal expansion of distance education in Asia during the past three decades, there has been growing public demand for quality and accountability in distance education. This study investigates the national quality assurance systems for distance education at the higher education level in Asia with the aim of contributing to a better…

Jung, Insung; Wong, Tat Meng; Li, Chen; Baigaltugs, Sanjaa; Belawati, Tian

2011-01-01

403

Using TQM and ISO 9000 Principles in Assuring Education Service Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Riga Aviation University's movement from a controlled professional-education program to a system of contract relations with students as education service customers. Discusses a study of students' demands, requirements, and issues and the development of a quality assurance system based on Total Quality Management and ISO 9000 standards.…

Kabashkin, Igor; Michnev, Boris; Utchin, Georgy

1998-01-01

404

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Recent Developments in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since coverage in the press, in the summer of 2008, of concerns about quality and standards in English higher education, there has been a continuing debate about the nature and extent of the issues and about who is responsible for assuring quality. This article charts the background to these discussions and highlights the characteristics of the…

Jackson, Stephen; Bohrer, Janet

2010-01-01

405

E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Process-Oriented Lifecycle Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a process-oriented lifecycle model for ensuring quality in e-learning development and delivery. As a dynamic and iterative process, quality assurance (QA) is intertwined with the e-learning development process. Design/methodology/approach: After reviewing the existing literature, particularly…

Abdous, M'hammed

2009-01-01

406

Quality Assurance and Continuous Improvement: A Case Study of the University of Bahrain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, Bahrain has taken serious actions to diversify its sources of income and solve major national problems such as unemployment. Through this process it discovered that one of the main factors for its economic problems was the quality of higher education on offer. This led to the creation of a national Quality Assurance Authority that…

Al-Alawi, Yaser; Al-Kaabi, Dheya; Rashdan, Suad; Al-Khaleefa, Lobna

2009-01-01

407

E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Perspective of Business Teacher Educators and Distance Learning Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Business teacher educators and distance learning coordinators have the responsibility to deliver quality online courses and programs. Therefore, they must make sure that quality assurance benchmarks are present in online business education courses and programs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which…

Chapman, Betty F.; Henderson, Ronda G.

2010-01-01

408

Quality Assurance Strategies of Higher Education in Iraq and Kurdistan: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on two different strategies that have been implemented in Iraq to improve quality assurance in the higher education sector in Iraq. One strategy has been developed by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Baghdad. It involved conducting a pilot study at the University of Babylon. This pilot included establishing a quality development process that

Nabeel Kaghed; Ahmed Dezaye

2009-01-01

409

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS. VOLUME II. AMBIENT AIR SPECIFIC METHODS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on ambient air measurement systems. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the ambient air measurement system, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. These common parameters ar...

410

Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems  

PubMed Central

This study was a crosscultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy. Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors participated in the study and were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a Workshop Only condition. Twenty-one of these therapists treated 41 cannabis-abusing adolescents and their families. Therapist adherence and youth drug screens were collected during a five-month baseline period prior to the workshop on contingency management and during 12 months post workshop. The results replicated the previous finding that therapist adherence to the cognitive-behavioral interventions, but not to contingency management, showed a strong positive difference in trend in favor of the intensive quality assurance condition. While the clinical impact of such quality assurance may be delayed and remains to be demonstrated, cannabis abstinence increased as a function of time in therapy, and was more likely with stronger therapy adherence to contingency management, but did not differ across quality assurance interventions. PMID:21984866

Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbj?rn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

2011-01-01

411

Quality assurance plan for the Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project  

SciTech Connect

This document establishes the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the National Guard Bureau Objective Supply Capability Adaptive Redesign (OSCAR) project activities under the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) management. It defines the requirements and assigns responsibilities for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that project objectives will be achieved as planned. The QAP outlined herein is responsive to and meets the Quality Assurance Program standards for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation and ORNL and the ORNL Computing, Robotics, and Education Directorate (CRE). This document is intended to be in compliance with DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance Program, and the ORNL Standard Practice Procedure, SPP X-QA-8, Quality Assurance for ORNL Computing Software. This standard allows individual organizations to apply the stated requirements in a flexible manner suitable to the type of activity involved. Section I of this document provides an introduction to the OSCAR project QAP; Sections 2 and 3 describe the specific aspects of quality assurance as applicable to the OSCAR project. Section 4 describes the project approach to risk management. The Risk Management Matrix given in Appendix A is a tool to assess, prioritize, and prevent problems before they occur. Therefore, the matrix will be reviewed and revised on a periodic basis.

Stewart, K.A.; Rasch, K.A.; Reid, R.W.

1996-11-01

412

Quality Assurance Program Application for the Component Test Capability  

SciTech Connect

This paper documents the application of quality requirements to Component Test Capability (CTC) Project activities for each CTC alternative. Four alternatives are considered for quality program application: do nothing, vendor testing, existing testing facility modification, and Component Test Facility. It also describes the advantages and disadvantages of using the existing Next Generation Nuclear Plant Quality Program Plan with CTC modifications versus a stand-alone CTC Quality Program Plan.

Stephanin L. Austad

2009-06-01

413

Quality assured trusted third parties for deploying secure internet-based healthcare applications.  

PubMed

In this paper we present a complete reference framework for the provision of quality assured Trusted Third Party (TTP) services within a medical environment. The main objective is to provide all the basic guidelines towards the development of a quality system for a TTP as an organisation, which could be mapped directly to the requirements of ISO-9000 standards. The important results of the implementation of a quality system, are the enhanced trustworthiness of the TTP and the confidence of the medical society in the provided services. Furthermore, the value added certification services conform to customer requirements and are characterised by efficiency, reliability, security, credibility and trust. The internal organisation acquires a clear and strict structure and maximises its effectiveness by establishing quality management, committed to control, assure and improve quality. The TTP requirements for quality are identified and the various elements of the quality system are described illustratively. PMID:12052423

Lekkas, Dimitrios; Gritzalis, Stefanos; Katsikas, Sokratis

2002-06-01

414

International co-operation for quality assurance and quality control in water reactor fuel fabrication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The continuing expansion of the nuclear industry creates a strong demand to reinforce all activities related to operational safety of nuclear installations. These include greater consideration to the philosophy of safety, carefully weighed design concepts, improved technology, reliable equipment and structural materials, etc. One of the essential basic elements which seriously influences both the safety and economics of nuclear power is the quality of nuclear fuel fabrication. One of the most important tasks at present is, therefore, the harmonization and standardization of quality requirements related to fuel production. The IAEA, as the most representative and competent international organization in the field of nuclear science and technology, provides a forum for direct and free exchange of information and for transfer of technological knowledge to ensure that the highest level of guarantee in operational safety, as a whole, and in materials reliablity, specifically, is made available and accessible to all member states. The main directions and peculiarities of the past and future IAEA activities in quality control and quality assurance of water cooled reactor fuel fabrication are described in this paper.

Noé, M.; Nechaev, A.; Zhu, J. L.

1988-04-01

415

Seven challenges for image quality research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Image quality assessment has been a topic of recent intense research due to its usefulness in a wide variety of applications. Owing in large part to efforts within the HVEI community, image-quality research has particularly benefited from improved models of visual perception. However, over the last decade, research in image quality has largely shifted from the previous broader objective of gaining a better understanding of human vision, to the current limited objective of better fitting the available ground-truth data. In this paper, we discuss seven open challenges in image quality research. These challenges stem from lack of complete perceptual models for: natural images; suprathreshold distortions; interactions between distortions and images; images containing multiple and nontraditional distortions; and images containing enhancements. We also discuss challenges related to computational efficiency. The objective of this paper is not only to highlight the limitations in our current knowledge of image quality, but to also emphasize the need for additional fundamental research in quality perception.

Chandler, Damon M.; Alam, Md M.; Phan, Thien D.

2014-02-01

416

Quality and Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training in the Mediterranean Countries: Lessons from the European Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on the development of the European approach towards quality and quality assurance in vocational education and training (VET) and its relevance for VET reforms in the European Training Foundation (ETF) partner countries. The analysis is based on an ETF project conducted in 2007-2008 in the Mediterranean partner countries to…

Masson, Jean-Raymond; Baati, Mounir; Seyfried, Erwin

2010-01-01

417

Nuclear Technology Series. Nuclear Quality-Assurance and Quality-Control Technician. A Suggested Program Planning Guide. Revised June 80.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program planning guide for a two-year postsecondary nuclear quality-assurance and quality-control technician program is designed for use with courses 26-32 of thirty-five in the Nuclear Technology Series. The purpose of the guide is to describe the nuclear power field and its job categories for specialists, technicians and operators; and to…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

418

Los Alamos National Laboratory transuranic waste quality assurance project plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Transuranic (TRU) Waste Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) serves as the quality management plan for the characterization of transuranic waste in preparation for certification and transportation. The Transuranic Waste Characterization/Certification Program (TWCP) consists of personnel who sample and analyze waste, validate and report data; and provide project management, quality assurance, audit and assessment, and records management support, all in accordance with established requirements for disposal of TRU waste at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) facility. This QAPjP addresses how the TWCP meets the quality requirements of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) and the technical requirements of the Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP). The TWCP characterizes and certifies retrievably stored and newly generated TRU waste using the waste selection, testing, sampling, and analytical techniques and data quality objectives (DQOs) described in the QAPP, the Los Alamos National Laboratory Transuranic Waste Certification Plan (Certification Plan), and the CST Waste Management Facilities Waste Acceptance Criteria and Certification [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC)]. At the present, the TWCP does not address remote-handled (RH) waste.

NONE

1997-04-14

419

Quality Development: Challenges to Physics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physics education is in a critical state. As international studies reveal, in many countries the level of scientific literacy is mediocre or even less and students are considered poorly prepared to meet the challenges of the future. The need for quality development has been recognized on the political level. The article focuses on the role of experiments and practical experiences

Manfred Euler

420

Sustaining Educational Quality in Financially Challenging Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools face the most challenging economic environment in decades. To sustain the quality of teaching, learning, and educational support services, they must find ways to expand their resources while at the same time using their resources more efficiently. School leaders must be knowledgeable about the funding "streams" that provide an opportunity…

Anderson, David

2011-01-01

421

Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility Quality Assurance Program Plan, Project W-236A. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Quality Assurance (QA) program for the Multi-Function Waste Tank Facility (MWTF) Project. The purpose of this QA program is to control project activities in such a manner as to achieve the mission of the MWTF Project in a safe and reliable manner. The QA program for the MWTF Project is founded on DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, and implemented through the use of ASME NQA-1, Quality Assurance Program Requirements for Nuclear Facilities (ASME 1989 with addenda la-1989, lb-1991 and lc-1992). This document describes the program and planned actions which the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) will implement to demonstrate and ensure that the project meets the requirements of DOE Order 5700.6C through the interpretive guidance of ASME NQA-1.

Hall, L.R.

1995-05-30

422

Quality Assurance Information for R Packages "aqfig" and "M3"  

EPA Science Inventory

R packages ?aqfig" and ?M3" are optional modules for use with R statistical software (http://www.r-project.org). Package ?aqfig" contains functions to aid users in the preparation of publication-quality figures for the display of air quality and other environmental data (e.g., le...

423

A Proposed Approach for Quality of Experience Assurance of IPTV  

Microsoft Academic Search

IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) systems are being widely deployed by telecommunications service providers which intend to add TV services to their portfolio. Such services must have equal or higher quality levels than those currently offered by traditional TV players using other technologies, for example: cable or satellite. This paper proposes an approach for ensuring the desired quality requirements for IPTV

Marcio Nieblas Zapater; Graça Bressan

2007-01-01

424

Instructional Design and Online Learning: A Quality Assurance Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in the evaluations of online course quality using the Quality Matters model among four groups of reviewers: instructional designers, faculty with subject-matter expertise, peer faculty with no subject-matter expertise, and administrators. A causal-comparative design was utilized to…

Monroe, Rose M.

2011-01-01

425

Parsing the Paradox: Assuring Quality in School Personnel Preparation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent calls for changes in teacher certification, there are many questions to be considered before changes are made. Some of these questions are: What are the basic qualities and abilities that a teacher must have? Who will decide on these qualities and abilities? How will they be measured? Who needs to be certified? The trend toward…

Lierheimer, Alvin P.

426

Quality-of-care challenges for rural health.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to examine the issue of quality of care in rural America and to help others examine this issue in a way that is consistent with the very real challenges faced by rural communities in ensuring the availability of adequate health services. Rural citizens have a right to expect that their local health care meets certain basic standards. Unless rural providers can document that the quality of local health care meets objective external standards, third-party payers might refuse to contract with rural providers, and increasingly sophisticated consumers might leave their communities for basic medical care services. To improve the measurement of health care quality in a rural setting, a number of issues specific to the rural environment must be addressed, including small sample sizes (volume and outcome issues), limited data availability, the ability to define rural health service areas, rural population preferences and the lower priority of formal quality-of-care assessment in shortage areas. Several current health policy initiatives have substantial implications for monitoring and measuring the quality of rural health services. For example, to receive community acceptance and achieve fiscal stability, critical access hospitals (CAHs) must be able to document that the care they provide is at least comparable to that of their predecessor institutions. The expectations for quality assurance activities in CAHs should consider their limited institutional resources and community preferences. As managed care extends from urban areas, there will be an inevitable collision between the ability to provide care and the ability to measure quality. As desirable as it might be to have a national standard for health care quality, this is not an attainable goal. The spectrum and content of rural health care are different from the spectrum and content of care provided in large cities. Accrediting agencies, third-party carriers and health insurance purchasers need to develop rural health care quality standards that are practical, useful and affordable. PMID:10981369

Moscovice, I; Rosenblatt, R

2000-01-01

427

Experience with Formal Methods techniques at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from a quality assurance perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent experience with Formal Methods (FM) in the Software Quality Assurance Section at the Jet Propulsion Lab is presented. An integrated Formal Method process is presented to show how related existing requirements analysis and FM techniques complement one another. Example application of FM techniques such as formal specifications and specification animators are presented. The authors suggest that the quality assurance organization is a natural home for the Formal Methods specialist, whose expertise can then be used to best advantage across a range of projects.

Kelly, John C.; Covington, Rick

1993-01-01

428

Colonoscopy quality assurance in Ontario: Systematic review and clinical practice guideline  

PubMed Central

Colonoscopy is fundamental to the diagnosis and management of digestive diseases and plays a key role in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and diagnosis. Therefore, it is important to ensure that colonoscopy is of high quality. The present guidance document updates the evidence and recommendations in Cancer Care Ontario’s 2007 Colonoscopy Standards, and was conducted under the aegis of the Program in Evidence-Based Care. It is intended to support quality improvement for colonoscopies for all indications, including follow-up to a positive fecal occult blood test, screening for individuals who have a family history of CRC and those at average risk, investigation for symptomatic patients, and surveillance of those with a history of adenomatous polyps or CRC. A systematic review was performed to evaluate the existing evidence concerning the following three key aspects of colonoscopy: physician endoscopist training and maintenance of competency; institutional quality assurance parameters; and colonoscopy quality indicators and auditable outcomes. Where appropriate, indicators were designated quality indicators (where there was sufficient evidence to recommend a specific target) and auditable outcomes (insufficient evidence to recommend a specific target, but which should be monitored for quality assurance purposes). The guidance document may be used to support colonoscopy quality assurance programs to improve the quality of colonoscopy regardless of indication. Improvements in colonoscopy quality are anticipated to improve important outcomes in digestive diseases, such as reduction of the incidence of and mortality from CRC. PMID:24839621

Tinmouth, Jill; Kennedy, Erin B; Baron, David; Burke, Mae; Feinberg, Stanley; Gould, Michael; Baxter, Nancy; Lewis, Nancy

2014-01-01

429

[Quality assurance at a health center: 2 years' experience].  

PubMed

In the Primary Care field there is very little experience of organizing a quality control programme that covers all aspects of care. In our centre, at the beginning of 1989, a Quality Control Commission (QCC) was formed with the aim of establishing and coordinating these activities. We describe our two year experience in this report, with special emphasis on the programme's organizational side and the methodological difficulties we encountered while introducing the programme. PMID:1806002

Marquet, R; Davins, J; Casas, J; Fernández, R M

1991-11-01

430

Higher Education in Ethiopia: Expansion, Quality Assurance and Institutional Autonomy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article chronicles the key challenges facing Ethiopia as it embarks on an ambitious, ideologically-driven and aggressive expansion of its higher education system in an effort to address its national goals of economic growth and poverty reduction. It is argued that the urge for higher education expansion has placed undue pressures particularly…

Akalu, Girmaw Abebe

2014-01-01

431

Emerging technologies and quality assurance: the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme perspective.  

PubMed

The pattern of tests employed and technologies developed within hemostasis laboratories has changed considerably within the last 10 years. These changes have presented challenges to external quality assessment (EQA) providers, including the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme (NEQAS). EQA for point-of-care devices used for monitoring oral anticoagulant therapy has focused on provision of suitable material to assess performance of devices designed for capillary blood testing, and on education of a user group not usually trained in laboratory quality control procedures. Development of novel therapeutic agents for hemophilia has presented challenges regarding standardization of assays for monitoring treatment, whereas advances related to laboratory testing and automation have not always been accompanied by improved accuracy and precision. EQA provision has also been shown to be of value in molecular genetic screening tests for thrombophilia, and in highlighting standardization issues related to D-dimer measurement in the exclusion of deep vein thrombosis. The increasing prevalence of screening tests of global hemostasis, such as thrombin generation tests and thromboelastography, presents additional challenges to EQA providers in the attempt to standardize these new and potentially beneficial technologies. PMID:17427058

Jennings, Ian; Kitchen, Dianne P; Woods, Timothy A L; Kitchen, Steven; Walker, Isobel D

2007-04-01

432

Carotid artery endarterectomy: a multidisciplinary approach to improving resource utilization and quality assurance.  

PubMed

An estimated 780,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the most frequently performed surgical procedure to prevent the occurrence of stroke. Over the past several years, physicians, nurses, and allied healthcare workers have been challenged to perform this operation in a cost-effective manner without compromising clinical outcomes. At Maine Medical Center (MMC), Portland, Maine, an average of 250 CEAs are performed annually. As part of a quality-assurance initiative, MMC key stakeholders redesigned the care of patients undergoing CEA surgery. A critical pathway supported by a computerized order set was implemented; standardized discharge instructions and a patient teaching brochure were developed. A patient flow algorithm allowing select patients to bypass the intermediate care unit and transfer directly from the post-anesthesia care unit to a non-telemetry surgical bed was instituted. From January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2011, 467 chart audits were completed on 100% of CEA surgeries (cases with concomitant procedures excluded) using the Vascular Study Group of New England data collection form. Data analyzed supports the practice changes that were instituted. Allowing patients to be admitted to a non-telemetry surgical unit following CEA has resulted in significant cost savings and increased the availability of intermediate care beds to higher acuity patients without negatively affecting patient outcomes. PMID:23683767

Knutson, Jill A; Morse, Carol Jo; Eldrup-Jorgensen, Jens; Estee, Margaret; Hayworth, Lois; Herman, Tara A; Vereshko, Angela S

2013-06-01

433

From Effluent to New Water: Performance Evaluation and Quality Assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

As water reuse becomes increasingly important to satisfy water demand, ensuring the quality of recycled wastewater becomes ever more vital. Pharmaceuticals (PhACs) and alkylphenol polyethoxylates (APEOs) metabolites are two groups of chemicals that are commonly present in treated effluent and have received attention for their demonstrated or potential biological effects. In this paper we present data on the effects of

Martin Reinhard; John Montgomery-Brown; Jennifer S. Louie; Birgit Gross

2003-01-01

434

Data management and quality assurance in a population study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present a model for effective methods of data collection with intensive data quality control and data security and design and deployment of management ICT system to ensure high quality-data in large scale population study. The designed and tested system fulfill all the requirements of entire IT and data management structure is designed with central server and web-based peripheral applications and tailored software managing data during entry/transmission/storage/coding under control of the QA and security procedures. The system was carried out during PONS project and the information from this model data management structure may improve the design of reliable databases' management for large-scale epidemiological studies. The project model itself by tailored hardware/software application shows positive impact of QA on the quality of outcomes in outcome analysis results, effective data management with shorter time, efficiency, ensuring the quality of epidemiological data and indicators of health with elimination of common errors of research questionnaire and medical measurements.

Wawrzyniak, Zbigniew M.; Paczesny, Daniel

435

Students as Stakeholders in Quality Assurance in Eight European Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How are stakeholders represented in higher education institutions' decision-making bodies that influence the quality of education, and are their viewpoints taken into account? This paper addresses this question taking into account the empirical evidence from eight countries in Europe. Findings indicate that formal barriers are largely absent,…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Westerheijden, Don F.

2013-01-01

436

FINAL QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT FOR THE TAMPA, FLORIDA WETLANDS STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This report examines the data quality achieved during a field study implemented by the Environmental Protection Agency'S (EPA) Wetlands Research program (WRP) at Corvallis, OR. he project was conducted by the Center for Wetlands, University of Florida, Gainesville, as part of the...

437

15 steps to a successful ISO 9000 quality assurance system  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the Chairman of the Board of Millipore Corporation committed that Millipore's 10 major facilities in 5 different countries would pursue ISO 9000 certification, the Waters Instrument Operations Division wanted to ensure that it instituted a program which was successful. A 15 step process was developed which resulted in certification on the first try and a Quality System that fosters

A. Ramos; G. Hill

1994-01-01

438

Nondestructive Quality Assurance of Ceramic Filters Using Noncontact Dynamic Characterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ceramic candle filters are stiff cylindrical structures arranged in rosettes in a hot gas vessel. Custom-made with strong composite materials, these filters are designed to withstand heating and cooling cycles of very high temperature gradients during coal energy production processes. To ensure consistency in the manufactured filters, noncontact dynamic characterization using laser vibrometry is proposed as a factory quality control

Paul Yue; Shen-En Chen; Yayoi Nishihama

2005-01-01

439

Evaluating the Assessment: Sources of Evidence for Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High quality assessment practice is expected to yield valid and useful score-based interpretations about what the examinees know and are able to do with respect to a defined target domain. Given this assertion, the article presents a framework based on the "unified view of validity," advanced by Cronbach and Messick over two decades ago, to assist…

Birenbaum, Menucha

2007-01-01

440

Role of Supervision in Assuring Quality Mental Health Services in University Counseling Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was conducted to explore the relation between the role of supervision and practitioners (N = 313) experience, training, and certification, and to determine how these factors affect quality assurance in university counseling centers (N = 95). Findings of this study indicate that time spent in supervision is not significantly related to the dependent variables of educational level, experience,

CHARLES F. LAWE; MARK MCLEOD

1985-01-01

441

OIL SHALE SYMPOSIUM: SAMPLING, ANALYSIS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE-MARCH 1979  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this symposium was to provide a forum for the statement of the state-of-the-art in sampling, analysis, and quality assurance of the oil shale industry pollutants. Opinions from governmental and industrial research organizations were solicited as to the future nee...

442

THE IMPORTANCE OF A SUCCESSFUL QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) PROGRAM FROM A RESEARCH MANAGER'S PERSPECTIVE  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division's Quality Assurance (QA) program and the approaches used to meet QA requirements in the Division. The presentation is a technical manager's perspective of the Division's requirements for and approach to QA in i...

443

PREPARING PERFECT PROJECT PLANS: A POCKET GUIDE FOR THE PREPARATION OF QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Pocket Guide helps you prepare Quality Assurance (QA) Project Plans thoroughly and easily. he Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (RREL) utilizes a four-tiered project category approach in order to more effectively focus QA with respect to the intended use of the data and ...

444

Perspectives on Distance Education. Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Selected Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication consists of a set of case studies of quality assurance practices in distance teaching universities. The case studies are particularly relevant at a time when universities in many parts of the world, both new and established distance teaching universities, are placing great emphasis on reviewing and revising what they do in…

Tait, Alan, Ed.

445

Income Verification Pilot Project (Phase II): Results of Quality Assurance Evaluation, 1982-83 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented in this report are selected findings of the Income Verification Pilot Project (IVPP), an investigation examining misreporting of applicant income and family size on applications for government-sponsored school meal benefits. As reported here, Phase II of the project provided for a comprehensive assessment of specific quality assurance

Applied Management Sciences, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

446

CONSTRUCTION QUALITY ASSURANCE IN PERMITS FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE LAND DISPOSAL FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA's) Hazardous Waste Engineering Research Laboratory (HWERL) has prepared a Technical Guidance Document, at the request of the Office of Solid Waste (OSW), on construction quality assurance (CQA) for hazardous waste land disposal fa...

447

Building European-Level Quality Assurance Structures: Views from within ENQA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current article discusses the changes in the role of the European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA) in the Bologna Process, mainly from the ENQA point of view. This paper argues that ENQA's development to its current status as a European-level policy maker is to a great extent a result of the European Union's policy…

Ala-Vahala, Timo; Saarinen, Taina

2009-01-01

448

Upgrading of quality assurance programmatic guidance for operating nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of analysis of the accident at Three Mile Island 2 (TMI-2) and experiences at several construction sites for nuclear power plants, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff has concluded that certain quality assurance (QA) programmatic modifications relative to existing guidelines should be made. These modifications are directed toward upgrading and strengthening the QA function at operating nuclear

Haass

1982-01-01

449

Care Planning, Quality Assurance, and Personnel Management in Long-Term Care Facilities. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies were undertaken to examine topics of care planning, personnel management, and quality assurance in long-term care facilities. The first study examined the formulation and implementation processes of care planning for nursing home residents. The exemplary homes' care planning included the existence of strong care planning leadership,…

Patchner, Michael A.; Balgopal, Pallassana R.

450

SYN-OP-SYS™: A Computerized Management Information System for Quality Assurance and Risk Management  

PubMed Central

SYN·OP·SYS™ is a computerized management information system for quality assurance and risk management. Computer software for the efficient collection and analysis of “occurrences” and the clinical data associated with these kinds of patient events is described. The system is evaluated according to certain computer design criteria, and the system's implementation is assessed.

Thomas, David J.; Weiner, Jayne; Lippincott, Ronald C.

1985-01-01

451

Quality assurance activities in community mental health centers: Changes over time  

Microsoft Academic Search

How have Quality Assurance (QA) Programs fared over time in community mental health centers (pre and postlegislative mandates) and what has their impact on CMHC's been? These are the essential questions which are the subject of this paper that discusses surveys of QA activities in CMHC's conducted in 1977 by the Council on Research and Evaluation of NCCMHC and in

Gerald Landsberg

1985-01-01

452

Closing the Gap: The Maturing of Quality Assurance in Australian University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A benchmarking review of the quality assurance practices of the libraries of the Australian Technology Network conducted in 2006 revealed exemplars of best practice, but also sector-wide gaps. A follow-up review in 2010 indicated the best practices that remain relevant. While some gaps persist, there has been improvement across the libraries and…

Tang, Karen

2012-01-01

453

STRATEGIC PLAN FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) QUALITY ASSURANCE IN THE EPA  

EPA Science Inventory

The EPA GIS-QA Team was created to fill the gap between the EPA Quality Assurance (QA) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) communities. All EPA Offices and Regions were invited to participate. Currently, the EPA GIS-QA Team consists of members from the EPA Regional Offices...

454

Quality Assurance Strategies of Higher Education in Iraq and Kurdistan: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on two different strategies that have been implemented in Iraq to improve quality assurance in the higher education sector in Iraq. One strategy has been developed by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Baghdad. It involved conducting a pilot study at the University of Babylon. This pilot included…

Kaghed, Nabeel; Dezaye, Ahmed

2009-01-01

455

Quality Assurance and Risk Management: A Survey of Dental Schools and Recommendations for Integrated Program Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance (QA) and risk management (RM) programs are intended to improve patient care, meet accreditation standards, and ensure compliance with liability insurance policies. The purpose of this project was to obtain and disseminate information on whether dental schools integrate QA and RM and what mechanisms have been most effective in measuring accomplishments in these programs. All sixty-five U.S. and

Richard E. Fredekind; Eve J. Cuny; Nader A. Nadershahi

456

9-1 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CHAPTER 9: QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

9-1 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CHAPTER 9: QUALITY ASSURANCE Brookhaven National Laboratory contractor laboratories to analyze environmental samples. The oversight of laboratory analyses involves evaluation testing, the ASL and the three BNL contractor laboratories each scored over 90 percent in the 1999

457

Quality assurance project plan for ground water monitoring activities managed by Westinghouse Hanford Company. Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance project plan (QAPP) applies specifically to the field activities and laboratory analysis performed for all RCRA groundwater projects conducted by Hanford Technical Services. This QAPP is generic in approach and shall be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of individual groundwater monitoring plans.

Stauffer, M.

1995-11-01

458

Beef Quality Assurance Injection Sites and Techniques W. Mark Hilton, DVM  

E-print Network

PURDUE EXTENSION VY-60-W Animal Health #12;VY-60-W Beef Quality Assurance Injection Sites and Techniques at slaughter, quoted above resulted from administering black leg vaccine in the rear leg of calves at branding PURDUE EXTENSION The selection of a vaccine, proper handling of the biologics, and the care and use

459

Case for Quality Assurance in ESP [English For Specific Purposes] Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is now a need, just like in industry, for quality assurance in education, for injecting systematically planned and formal processes, precise definitions, objectivity, and measurability in education. The demand for educational excellence in industry is "out there," and companies in more advanced countries are partnering educational institutes…

Tan San Yee, Christine

460

When Does the ISO 9000 Quality Assurance Standard Lead to Performance Improvement? Assimilation and Going Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

ISO 9000 is a management standard that provides customers with assurance that their registered suppliers have a consistent quality system to which they adhere. This paper draws on four sources to show how ISO 9000 can lead to performance improvement: 1) theories of induced innovation and improvisation; 2) the literature on ISO 9000; 3) a case study of a telecom

Eitan Naveh; Alfred A. Marcus

2004-01-01

461

ISO 9000-based quality assurance approaches and their relationship with strategic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many organisations use the ISO 9000 series as a reference framework to establish their quality assurance system. In doing so, most of them overlook the process of interpreting and adapting these standards to their own characteristics and capabilities. As a result, there is a misunderstanding with respect to the objectives of the standards. The correct implementation of the ISO 9000

Clara Martínez Fuentes; Francisco Balbastre Benavent; M. A. Escribá Moreno; T. F. González Cruz; M. Pardo del Val

2003-01-01

462

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN SUPPORT OF ENERGY RELATED MONITORING ACTIVITIES: ANNUAL REPORT NO. 3  

EPA Science Inventory

This report describes and summarizes the activities during the third year of the program entitled, Quality Assurance in Support of Energy Related Activities. The activities reported cover the period from October 1, 1978 to September 30, 1979. The purpose of this program is to est...

463

Quality assurance for effluent and environmental monitoring. A Nuclear Regulatory Commission overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) philosophy and approach to quality assurance (QA) for effluent and environmental monitoring is discussed. QA is considered an integral part of any comprehensive monitoring program. The NRC and other regulatory agencies are recognizing the importance of QA and are devoting more effort to incorporating QA programs into all monitoring programs. The rationale and the necessity

1980-01-01

464

IN PURSUIT OF AN INTERNATIONAL APPROACH TO QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION  

EPA Science Inventory

In the mid-1990's, the USEPA began the Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program in order to provide purchasers of environmental technology with independently acquired, quality-assured, test data, upon which to base their purchasing decisions. From the beginning, a str...

465

Mind the Gap: An Analysis of How Quality Assurance Processes Influence Programme Assessment Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the relationship between the lack of visible attention to formative assessment in degree specifications and its marginalization in practice. Degree specification documents form part of the quality apparatus emphasizing the accountability and certification duties of assessment. Ironically, a framework designed to assure

Jessop, Tansy; McNab, Nicole; Gubby, Laura

2012-01-01

466

Assuring Quality and Standard Evaluation in the Basic Course: Training and Supervising Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In outline agenda form, this guide addresses the issue of training and supervising graduate students teaching the basic undergraduate speech course in university speech departments. The sections are as follows: (1) Introduction of staff and participants; (2) Rationale for assuring quality and standardization in the basic course by systematically…

Comeaux, Patricia; Aitken, Joan E.

467

Component-Based Software Engineering: Technologies, Development Frameworks, and Quality Assurance Schemes  

E-print Network

Schemes Xia Cai, Michael R. Lyu, Kam-Fai Wong Roy Ko The Chinese University of Hong Kong Hong Kong development paradigm is much different from the traditional approach, quality assurance (QA) for component development, component certification, component customization, and system architecture design, integration

Lyu, Michael R.

468

Commissioning and periodic quality assurance of a clinical electronic portal imaging device  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: An electronic portal imaging device (EPID) was recently installed on our dual-energy linear accelerator. Commissioning and quality assurance techniques were developed for the EPID.Methods and Materials: A commissioning procedure was developed consisting of five parts: (a) physical operation and safety; (b) image acquisition, resolution, and sensitivity calibration; (c) image storage, analysis, and handling; (d) reference image acquisition; and (e)

Daniel A. Low; Eric E. Klein; Derek K. Maag; William E. Umfleet; James. A. Purdy

1996-01-01

469

QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS OF THE EPA STATE OPERATED PRECIPITATION COLLECTION NETWORK: 1987  

EPA Science Inventory

The collection of precipitation and the measurement of its constituents are important steps in attaining a better understanding of the distribution and effects of acid rain in the United States. This document is a report of the findings from quality assurance and technical assist...

470

Evaluation of conventional electric power generating industry quality assurance and reliability practices  

SciTech Connect

The techniques and practices utilized in an allied industry (electric power generation) that might serve as a baseline for formulating Quality Assurance and Reliability (QA and R) procedures for photovoltaic solar energy systems were studied. The study results provide direct near-term input for establishing validation methods as part of the SERI performance criteria and test standards development task.

Anderson, R.T.; Lauffenburger, H.A.

1981-03-01

471

Code of practice for the assurance of academic quality and standards in higher education  

E-print Network

Code of practice for the assurance of academic quality and standards in higher education Section 8 for Higher Education 2010 First published 2001 Second edition 2010 ISBN 978 1 84979 065 9 All QAA for career education, information, advice and guidance in United Kingdom (UK) higher education institutions

Burton, Geoffrey R.

472

A Wearable Computer for Quality Assurance Inspectors in a Food Processing Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

We were asked to try to improve the performance of quality assurance inspectors in a food processing plant. These workers walk around a very large, very loud, football field-sized plant and take food samples at various processing points. The workers pick up a sample, make a measurement (for example, temperature), wipe their hands on a paper towel, then use a

Lawrence J. Najjar; J. Christopher Thompson; Jennifer J. Ockerman

1997-01-01

473

State of the art in quality assurance issues of structures with particular emphasis on strength degradation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kuntiyawichai, K. and Limkatanyu, S. State of the art in quality assurance issues of structures with particular emphasis on strength degradation Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., 2006, 28(6) : 1289-1304 With the increase of the economic competition in the industrial world, much attention is being paid to the deterioration of the design structures before and after their first use. Even with

Kittisak Kuntiyawichai; Suchart Limkatanyu

474

An overview of theory and practice on process capability indices for quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process capability indices (PCIs), Cp, Ca, Cpk, Cpm, and Cpmk have been developed in certain manufacturing industry as capability measures based on various criteria, including process consistency, process departure from a target, process yield, and process loss. It is noted in certain recent quality assurance and capability analysis works that the three indices, Cpk, Cpm, and Cpmk provide the same

Chien-Wei Wu; W. L. Pearn; Samuel Kotz

2009-01-01

475

Greece before the Bologna Process: Confronting or Embracing Quality Assurance in Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalization of education, with its multiple associations with the growth of the knowledge society, the increasing penetration of market forces in higher education and the treatment of education as an exportable good, supplied in different forms and by various providers, exerts the need for systematic quality assurance in higher education. In…

Stamoulas, Aristotelis

2006-01-01

476

Quality-assurance approach for the Elmo Bumpy Torus Proof-of-Principal experiment  

SciTech Connect

Components, subsystems and systems will be subjected to inspection and test as necessary to ensure compliance to applicable specifications, Acceptance Test Procedures and/or customer requirements. Quality Assurance will inspect each component, subsystem and system for selected mechanical and electrical defects. In addition, Quality Assurance will either perform, or verify performance of, and analyze, or verify analysis of, all required field and laboratory tests. If hardware is modified, repaired or replaced after final testing, necessary re-inspection and retest must be performed. Insofar as possible the component, subsystem or system will be released as acceptable upon completion of these activities. When nonconformances are detected during the course of site surveillance activities, MDAC or Gilbert/Commonwealth will initiate a Nonconformance Record for review by MDAC Quality Assurance and Project Engineering personnel. These nonconformances will be identified and dispositioned per MDAC Standard Practices with the advice and concurrence of Gilbert/Commonwealth personnel, if deemed appropriate. MDAC Quality Assurance personnel will witness the pre-operational testing and review the test data.

Sticksel, F.M.

1981-01-01

477

INTERIM EPA GUIDANCE FOR GEOSPATIAL-RELATED QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

This guidance supplements EPA Guidance for Quality,Assurance Project Plans (EPA QA/G-5), in that the focus here is on collection and use of geospatial rather than other environmental data (e.g., strictly chemical or biological data), including unique aspects of data storage, retr...

478

Distributed Continuous Quality Assurance: The Skoll Project Adam Porter, Cemal Yilmaz  

E-print Network

Distributed Continuous Quality Assurance: The Skoll Project Adam Porter, Cemal Yilmaz Computer- intensive software, such as that found in (1) high-performance com- puting systems (e.g., those that support) distributed real-time and embedded systems that monitor and con- trol real-world artifacts (e.g., avionics

Schmidt, Douglas C.

479

Quality Assurance Calibration of 125I Rapid Strand in a Sterile Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: 125I seeds encased in stiffened absorbable suture material, commercially available from Amersham Healthcare as 125I Rapid Strand, are not readily calibrated because of the necessity of maintaining the sterility and integrity of the Rapid Strand. A method is proposed to verify the activity of 125I seeds in Rapid Strand in a sterile environment and to provide quality assurance of

Wayne M. Butler; Anthony T. Dorsey; Keith R. Nelson; Gregory S. Merrick

1998-01-01

480

Quality assurance of serial tomotherapy for head and neck patient treatments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: A commercial serial tomotherapy intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning (Peacock, NOMOS Corp., Sewickley, PA) and delivery system is in clinical use. The dose distributions are highly conformal, with large dose gradients often surrounding critical structures, and require accurate localization and dose delivery. Accelerator and patient-specific quality assurance (QA) procedures have been developed that address the localization, normalization, and

Daniel A Low; K. S. Clifford Chao; Sasa Mutic; Russell L Gerber; Carlos A Perez; James A Purdy

1998-01-01

481

Quality assurance in model based water management - review of existing practice and outline of new approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance (QA) is defined as protocols and guidelines to support the proper application of models. In the water management context we classify QA guidelines according to how much focus is put on the dialogue between the modeller and the water manager as: (Type 1) Internal technical guidelines developed and used internally by the modeller's organisation; (Type 2) Public technical

Jens Christian Refsgaard; Hans Jørgen Henriksen; William G. Harrar; Huub Scholten; Ayalew Kassahun

2005-01-01

482

Integrated circuit testing for quality assurance in manufacturing: history, current status, and future trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrated circuit (IC) testing for quality assurance is approaching 50% of the manufacturing costs for some complex mixed-signal ICs. For many years the market growth and technology advancements in digital ICs were driving the developments in testing. The increasing trend to integrate information acquisition and digital processing on the same chip has spawned increasing attention to the test needs of

Andrew Grochowski; Debashis Bhattacharya; T. R. Viswanathan; Ken Laker

1997-01-01

483

Accreditation and Quality Assurance for Professional Degree Programmes: Comparing Approaches in Three European Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades, considerable progress has been made in establishing and implementing robust, comparable quality assurance processes throughout much of the European higher education sector. However, concerns persist over degree portability and recognition as current systems are rooted in national contexts. In particular, specialised…

Frank, Andrea; Kurth, Detlef; Mironowicz, Izabela

2012-01-01