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1

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic medical conditions (such as blood-sugar sensors for diabetics), people seeking to change unhealthy behavior (such as losing weight or quitting smoking), or athletes wishing to monitor their condition and performance. To be effective, however, these systems must provide assurances about the quality of the sensor data. The sensors must be applied to the patient by a human, and the sensor data may be transported across multiple networks and devices before it is presented to the medical team. While no system can guarantee data quality, we anticipate that it will help for the system to annotate data with some measure of confidence. In this paper, we take a deeper look at potential health-monitoring usage scenarios and highlight research challenges required to ensure and assess quality of sensor data in health-monitoring systems.

Sriram, Janani; Shin, Minho; Kotz, David; Rajan, Anand; Sastry, Manoj; Yarvis, Mark

2

Teaching European Studies Online: The Challenge of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper will be looking into the issue of quality assurance in online learning from the perspective of the e-learning tool developed by the Institute for European Studies in Brussels--the E-modules. The E-modules have been designed with the purpose of offering a structured and interactive way of learning how the European Union functions. As…

Mihai, Alexandra

2009-01-01

3

Multinational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multinational colleges and universities pose numerous challenges to the traditional models of quality assurance that are designed to validate domestic higher education. When institutions cross international borders, at least two quality assurance protocols are involved. To guard against fraud and abuse, quality assurance in the host country is…

Kinser, Kevin

2011-01-01

4

Quality Assurance for Public Higher Education: Context, Strategies and Challenges in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance (QA) mechanisms used to be highly dependent on national administrative traditions but nowadays there is a convergence of mechanisms. Compared to more developed higher education (HE) systems in the world, QA systems in Africa are still at an infant stage and thus confronted by many challenges. The purpose of this article is to…

Odhiambo, George O.

2014-01-01

5

Internal Quality Assurance--Facing Common Challenges. ENQA Workshop Report 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual meeting of the ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) IQA (internal quality assurance) Group gathered some 60 participants in the premises of the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders (NVAO) in The Hague in June 2009. This seminar was a successful follow-up to the first ENQA IQA…

Blackstock, Douglas; Harvey, Lee; Szanto, Tibor; Pyykko, Riitta; Aelterman, Guy; Lopez-Benitez, Mariano; Vera-Toscano, Esperanza; Fereres, Elias; Cassagne, Claude; Dhainaut, Jean-Francois; Lykova, Viktoriya; Babyn, Ivan

2010-01-01

6

Quality Assurance [for Persons with Developmental Disabilities].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter feature issue focuses on quality assurance and innovative efforts to enhance service quality for persons with developmental disabilities. Individual articles include: "Redesigning Quality Assurance" (Clarence J. Sundram); "Quality Assurance, Quality Enhancement" (Charlie Lakin et al.); "Challenging Tradition: Measuring Quality by…

Lakin, Charlie, Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

7

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

8

Coping with Quality Assurance Challenges Faced by Secondary Schools' Headteachers in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since independence, the Kenyan government has demonstrated its commitment to the provision of quality secondary school education through allocation of financial resources, provision of trained teachers and establishment of quality assurance department. However, despite the substantial allocation of resources, secondary schools still face major…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, Benjamin A.

2011-01-01

9

Implementing Quality Assurance at Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Perceptions, Practices and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality Assurance in higher education has been an ongoing international issue for discussion. As higher education institutions move toward an era of accountability and accreditation, groups of stakeholders require proof of high-quality academic programs and services from higher education providers. Since the mid-1990s, most providers have strived…

Ros, Soveacha

2010-01-01

10

Quality Assurance Needs for Modern Image-Based Radiotherapy: Recommendations From 2007 Interorganizational Symposium on 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology'  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the consensus findings and recommendations emerging from 2007 Symposium, 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology.' The Symposium was held in Dallas February 20-22, 2007. The 3-day program, which was sponsored jointly by the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and National Cancer Institute (NCI), included >40 invited speakers from the radiation oncology and industrial engineering/human factor communities and attracted nearly 350 attendees, mostly medical physicists. A summary of the major findings follows. The current process of developing consensus recommendations for prescriptive quality assurance (QA) tests remains valid for many of the devices and software systems used in modern radiotherapy (RT), although for some technologies, QA guidance is incomplete or out of date. The current approach to QA does not seem feasible for image-based planning, image-guided therapies, or computer-controlled therapy. In these areas, additional scientific investigation and innovative approaches are needed to manage risk and mitigate errors, including a better balance between mitigating the risk of catastrophic error and maintaining treatment quality, complimenting the current device-centered QA perspective by a more process-centered approach, and broadening community participation in QA guidance formulation and implementation. Industrial engineers and human factor experts can make significant contributions toward advancing a broader, more process-oriented, risk-based formulation of RT QA. Healthcare administrators need to appropriately increase personnel and ancillary equipment resources, as well as capital resources, when new advanced technology RT modalities are implemented. The pace of formalizing clinical physics training must rapidly increase to provide an adequately trained physics workforce for advanced technology RT. The specific recommendations of the Symposium included the following. First, the AAPM, in cooperation with other advisory bodies, should undertake a systematic program to update conventional QA guidance using available risk-assessment methods. Second, the AAPM advanced technology RT Task Groups should better balance clinical process vs. device operation aspects-encouraging greater levels of multidisciplinary participation such as industrial engineering consultants and use-risk assessment and process-flow techniques. Third, ASTRO should form a multidisciplinary subcommittee, consisting of physician, physicist, vendor, and industrial engineering representatives, to better address modern RT quality management and QA needs. Finally, government and private entities committed to improved healthcare quality and safety should support research directed toward addressing QA problems in image-guided therapies.

Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States)], E-mail: jwilliamson@mcvh-vcu.edu; Dunscombe, Peter B. [University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (Canada); Sharpe, Michael B. [Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON (Canada); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Purdy, James A. [University of California-Davis, Sacramento, CA (United States); Deye, James A. [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)

2008-05-01

11

Quality assurance in Zambia.  

PubMed

Primary health care reforms in Zambia have focused on the themes of effective leadership, community involvement, and improved service quality. To achieve these goals, the Ministry of Health's structure has been decentralized and a Health Reforms Implementation Team (including a Quality Assurance Unit) has been established. This unit collaborates with government and private sector organizations and professional groups in areas such as strategic planning, problem solving, facility assessment, standards setting, and indicator development. Each province has two linkage facilitators who provide district-level training and support to quality assurance coaches. As part of this process, staff at Nanga Rural Health Center in Mazabuka District selected patient privacy as a priority quality assurance issue and established an enclosed area for patient interviews. This measure facilitated increased patient disclosure about and comfort with discussing sensitive medical issues such as family planning and sexually transmitted diseases. Next, the health center staff examined the problem of pharmaceutical shortages, and user fees were identified as a means of purchasing commonly unavailable drugs. At the Magoye Rural Health Center, quality assurance assessment led to the consolidation of services such as infant weighing and immunization at the same location, thereby significantly increasing service utilization. PMID:12347471

Reinke, J; Tembo, J; Limbambala, M F; Chikuta, S; Zaenger, D

1996-01-01

12

Quality Assurance for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

2010-01-01

13

Quality Assurance in Nursing Homes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual, developed for the nursing home employee, examines the concept of quality assurance in nursing homes, describes the benefits of an effective quality assurance program, and provides guidelines to aid nursing homes in developing an appropriate quality assurance program. After a brief introduction, a working definition of quality

Balgopal, Pallassana R.; And Others

14

Software Quality Assurance Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is a planned and systematic set of activities that ensures conformance of software life cycle processes and products conform to requirements, standards and procedures. In software development, software quality means meeting requirements and a degree of excellence and refinement of a project or product. Software Quality is a set of attributes of a software product by which its quality is described and evaluated. The set of attributes includes functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. Software Metrics help us understand the technical process that is used to develop a product. The process is measured to improve it and the product is measured to increase quality throughout the life cycle of software. Software Metrics are measurements of the quality of software. Software is measured to indicate the quality of the product, to assess the productivity of the people who produce the product, to assess the benefits derived from new software engineering methods and tools, to form a baseline for estimation, and to help justify requests for new tools or additional training. Any part of the software development can be measured. If Software Metrics are implemented in software development, it can save time, money, and allow the organization to identify the caused of defects which have the greatest effect on software development. The summer of 2004, I worked with Cynthia Calhoun and Frank Robinson in the Software Assurance/Risk Management department. My task was to research and collect, compile, and analyze SQA Metrics that have been used in other projects that are not currently being used by the SA team and report them to the Software Assurance team to see if any metrics can be implemented in their software assurance life cycle process.

McRae, Kalindra A.

2004-01-01

15

Quality Assurance for University Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, written from a British perspective, presents 17 papers on quality assurance in teaching at the university level. The first eight papers address issues of assuring quality and include: (1) "Quality Assurance for University Teaching; Issues and Approaches" (Roger Ellis); (2) "A British Standard for University Teaching?" (Roger Ellis); (3)…

Ellis, Roger, Ed.

16

Firmware quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

The paper reviews problems, solutions, and trends in the area of firmware quality assurance. Firmware quality assurance is considered to be the certification of the fact that a firmware system meets its requirements with respect to functional correctness as well as performance, operational, and implementational properties. The emphasis of the paper is on formal correctness proofs, firmware testing, and the automatic synthesis of microcode and associated hardware structures. Firmware specifications, high-level microprogramming languages, and automated support tools are discussed as they relate to these areas. The impact of advances and trends in very large-scale integration (vlsi) on the techniques and tools for firmware quality assurance is reviewed. The observation is made that valuable results have been obtained in the areas of firmware correctness proofs and firmware testing. However, further improvements are needed to cope with the complexity of vlsi. An alternative that may overcome the limitations of these two approaches is automated synthesis of firmware and hardware and design for testability. 38 references.

Berg, H.K.; Rao, P.; Shriver, B.D.

1982-01-01

17

The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

Bolivar, S.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Day, J.L. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., NM (United States)

1993-03-01

18

The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

1993-03-01

19

Quality Assurance in Secondary Education Program of Bangladesh Open University: Present Status and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present day in national and international perspectives, quality is the top of most agendas. Quality of education has significant impact and invaluable contribution to the area of development. Recently, the SSC & HSC program of BOU [Open School of Bangladesh Open University] have earned recognition of equivalency with the formal education…

Akhter, Zobaida

2008-01-01

20

Quality assurance of chemical measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author's 57 years of experience at the National Bureau of Standards include the development and coordination of quality assurance programs. The author has also presented a short course on the subject more than 70 times. Taylor provides a readable treatment of the philosophy of quality assurance and describes the elements and tools needed to assess the reliability of analytical

J. K. Taylor

1987-01-01

21

HELLENIC REPUBLIC HELLENIC QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

, understanding of positive or negative results. IMPROVEMENT Proposed methods for improvement. C. Research APPROACH Research policy and main objectives. IMPLEMENTATION Research promotion and assessment, quality . . . & HELLENIC REPUBLIC H .Q .A . HELLENIC QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION AGENCY

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

22

HELLENIC REPUBLIC HELLENIC QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

· Proposed methods for improvement. C. Research APPROACH · Research policy and main objectives. IMPLEMENTATION · Research promotion and assessment, quality of support and infrastructure. RESULTS · ResearchE . . . & HELLENIC REPUBLIC H .Q .A . HELLENIC QUALITY ASSURANCE AND ACCREDITATION

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

23

Modernization of software quality assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The customers satisfaction depends not only on functional performance, it also depends on the quality characteristics of the software products. An examination of this quality aspect of software products will provide a clear, well defined framework for quality assurance functions, which improve the life-cycle activities of software development. Software developers must be aware of the following aspects which have been expressed by many quality experts: quality cannot be added on; the level of quality built into a program is a function of the quality attributes employed during the development process; and finally, quality must be managed. These concepts have guided our development of the following definition for a Software Quality Assurance function: Software Quality Assurance is a formal, planned approach of actions designed to evaluate the degree of an identifiable set of quality attributes present in all software systems and their products. This paper is an explanation of how this definition was developed and how it is used.

Bhaumik, Gokul

1988-01-01

24

Linear Accelerator and Gamma Knife-Based Stereotactic Cranial Radiosurgery: Challenges and Successes of Existing Quality Assurance Guidelines and Paradigms  

SciTech Connect

Intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery has been practiced since 1951. The technique has expanded from a single dedicated unit in Stockholm in 1968 to hundreds of centers performing an estimated 100,000 Gamma Knife and linear accelerator cases in 2005. The radiation dosimetry of small photon fields used in this technique has been well explored in the past 15 years. Quality assurance recommendations have been promulgated in refereed reports and by several national and international professional societies since 1991. The field has survived several reported treatment errors and incidents, generally reacting by strengthening standards and precautions. An increasing number of computer-controlled and robotic-dedicated treatment units are expanding the field and putting patients at risk of unforeseen errors. Revisions and updates to previously published quality assurance documents, and especially to radiation dosimetry protocols, are now needed to ensure continued successful procedures that minimize the risk of serious errors.

Goetsch, Steven J. [San Diego Gamma Knife Center, Grossmont Cancer Center, La Jolla, CA (United States); Department of Medical Physics, San Diego State University, La Jolla, CA (United States)], E-mail: stevegoetsch@sdgkc.com

2008-05-01

25

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in Australian Higher Education: The Challenge of Balancing Academic Rigour, Equity and Quality Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The renewal of quality in Australian higher education comes at a time of significant change in the external policy framework. Such changes are timely due to the growth of higher education and the emergence of the quality and equity agenda in the context of ongoing decline in public funding. The article provides an overview of current quality

Shah, Mahsood; Lewis, Ione; Fitzgerald, Robert

2011-01-01

26

DATA MANAGEMENT FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The article describes the application of quality assurance (QA) principles to two programs supporting EPA's Environmental Assessment Data System (EADS). The ultimate objective of any measurement program is the creation of data that is processed to provide information. The develop...

27

QUALITY ASSURANCE: ORGANIZATION, CATALYTIC, TECHNICAL  

EPA Science Inventory

In a normal quality system, two distinct levels of quality assurance (QA) requirements are addressed: the organizational (or institutional) level and the technical (or project) level. ynamic quality systems, on the other hand, not only include the normal components but also integ...

28

Internal Quality Assurance Reviews: Challenges and Processes--Walter Sisulu University's Business, Management Sciences and Law Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council for Higher Educations' (CHE) Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC) requires internal quality evaluations to be performed on the various programmes offered by the Faculty before visitation by the HEQC. This article examines some of the challenges and processes followed by six of the departments of Walter Sisulu University's Faculty…

Moodly, A.; Saunderson, I.

2008-01-01

29

Quality Assurance 1992-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the author's contribution to a series marking the Golden Jubilee of the Association of University Administrators, he reflects on changes in quality assurance over the past twenty years and speculates on what the future may hold for quality as the association moves into a new and very different competitive regime. He begins by discussing the…

Brown, Roger

2012-01-01

30

Assuring Quality in Education Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of quality assurance educational evaluation methods are illustrated. Evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, school district are used. The methods are: (1) from auditing, internal control; (2) from accounting, double bookkeeping; and (3) from industrial quality control, acceptance sampling and cumulative percentage…

Trochim, William M. K.; Visco, Ronald J.

1986-01-01

31

Quality Assurance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality in…

Villemaire, Lorry

32

Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry: 1980  

SciTech Connect

The continuing quality assurance effort by the Environmental Surveillance Group is presented. Included are all standard materials now in use, their consensus or certified concentrations, quality control charts, and all quality assurance measurements made by H-8 during 1980.

Gladney, E.S.; Goode, W.E.; Perrin, D.R.; Burns, C.E.

1981-09-01

33

Assuring Quality in Collaborative Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin is intended to help British further education colleges clarify their rationale for entering into collaborative programs, assess prospective partners, define and implement good practice at all stages of provision, and establish rigorous quality assurance procedures. Following an introduction, Further Education Funding Council…

Bocock, Jean; Edwards, Judith

1998-01-01

34

Quality Assurance in School Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School nurses need to become more influential administrators, managers, and entrepreneurs. They must learn to lead and collaborate effectively in designing, implementing, and evaluating coordinated school health programs. Quality assurance is an essential ingredient in this process that requires accurate, timely, and confidential incident…

Newell, Susan; Schoenike, Sumner L.; Lisko, Elaine A.

2003-01-01

35

Ontario Universities Council on Quality Assurance  

E-print Network

Ontario Universities Council on Quality Assurance Donna Woolcott, PhD Executive Director, Quality S I T Y #12;Outline of Presentation · Overview of quality assurance International context Ontario and Learning Outcomes · Questions/discussion Ontario Universities Council on Quality Assurance 2 #12

Ellis, Randy

36

[POCT in coagulation. Quality assurance].  

PubMed

In the last years several point of care testing (POCT) systems used for coagulation parameters have been developed and became daily routine. As for other POCT applications (e. g. blood gas analysis) there is a need for user education and continuous improvement of quality assurance. For some POCT coagulation systems a comprehensive quality management has not been established yet. According to the feasibility and availability of control material and system self control each POCT coagulation method described in this article has a varying concept of quality management. Besides a high quality standard in manufacturing systems, devices and reagents the education of the user and the automatic self control of the instrument as well as the application of electronic and/ or liquid control samples contribute to the total quality assurance. Even if a "like versus like" control material is not available a comprehensive quality management should be implemented in daily routine concerning pre-analytic as well as technical and post-analytic criteria. Anyway to do nothing as the available control material seems to be not suitable is a bad decision. PMID:20454752

Spannagl, Michael; Dick, A; Junker, R

2010-05-01

37

Helical tomotherapy dynamic quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

A multifaceted tomotherapy quality assurance procedure has been developed. This procedure tests most of the features inherent in the tomotherapy Hi-Art device. This includes the megavoltage imaging quality, spatial and temporal accuracy of the dynamic delivery properties, as well as more traditional beam output characteristics. This is accomplished with a specialized multichannel electrometer that measures collected charge every 100 ms and a Virtual Water cylindrical phantom that holds many ion chambers and differing density insert plugs. Both devices are offered with the Hi-Art product. These tests are presented as well as their sensitivity to beam and delivery variations.

Balog, John; Holmes, Tim; Vaden, Richard [Mohawk Valley Medical Physics, Rome, New York 13440 (United States); St. Agnes HealthCare, Baltimore, Maryland 21229-5299 (United States); E.C. Rost Oncology LLC, Tallahassee, Florida (United States)

2006-10-15

38

Quality Assurance for Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

Cooperative groups, of which the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group is one example, conduct national clinical trials that often involve the use of radiation therapy. In preparation for such a trial, the cooperative group prepares a protocol to define the goals of the trial, the rationale for its design, and the details of the treatment procedure to be followed. The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) is one of several quality assurance (QA) offices that is charged with assuring that participating institutions deliver doses that are clinically consistent and comparable. The RPC does this by conducting a variety of independent audits and credentialing processes. The RPC has compiled data showing that credentialing can help institutions comply with the requirements of a cooperative group clinical protocol. Phantom irradiations have been demonstrated to exercise an institution’s procedures for planning and delivering advanced external beam techniques (1–3). Similarly, RPC data indicate that a rapid review of patient treatment records or planning procedures can improve compliance with clinical trials (4). The experiences of the RPC are presented as examples of the contributions that a national clinical trials QA center can make to cooperative group trials. These experiences illustrate the critical need for comprehensive QA to assure that clinical trials are successful and cost-effective. The RPC is supported by grants CA 10953 and CA 81647 from the National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS. PMID:24392352

Ibbott, Geoffrey S.; Haworth, Annette; Followill, David S.

2013-01-01

39

Quality assurance for gamma knives  

SciTech Connect

This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations.

Jones, E.D.; Banks, W.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1995-09-01

40

Assurance Technology Challenges of Advanced Space Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The initiative to explore space and extend a human presence across our solar system to revisit the moon and Mars post enormous technological challenges to the nation's space agency and aerospace industry. Key areas of technology development needs to enable the endeavor include advanced materials, structures and mechanisms; micro/nano sensors and detectors; power generation, storage and management; advanced thermal and cryogenic control; guidance, navigation and control; command and data handling; advanced propulsion; advanced communication; on-board processing; advanced information technology systems; modular and reconfigurable systems; precision formation flying; solar sails; distributed observing systems; space robotics; and etc. Quality assurance concerns such as functional performance, structural integrity, radiation tolerance, health monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance, calibration, and initialization can affect the performance of systems and subsystems. It is thus imperative to employ innovative nondestructive evaluation methodologies to ensure quality and integrity of advanced space systems. Advancements in integrated multi-functional sensor systems, autonomous inspection approaches, distributed embedded sensors, roaming inspectors, and shape adaptive sensors are sought. Concepts in computational models for signal processing and data interpretation to establish quantitative characterization and event determination are also of interest. Prospective evaluation technologies include ultrasonics, laser ultrasonics, optics and fiber optics, shearography, video optics and metrology, thermography, electromagnetics, acoustic emission, x-ray, data management, biomimetics, and nano-scale sensing approaches for structural health monitoring.

Chern, E. James

2004-01-01

41

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...assurance regulatory guides and quality assurance standards to which...and organizations performing quality assurance functions continue...sufficient independence from cost and schedule when opposed to...NRC-accepted Safety Analysis Report quality assurance program...

2012-01-01

42

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...assurance regulatory guides and quality assurance standards to which...and organizations performing quality assurance functions continue...sufficient independence from cost and schedule when opposed to...NRC-accepted Safety Analysis Report quality assurance program...

2013-01-01

43

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

...assurance regulatory guides and quality assurance standards to which...and organizations performing quality assurance functions continue...sufficient independence from cost and schedule when opposed to...NRC-accepted Safety Analysis Report quality assurance program...

2014-01-01

44

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP)

Oginni, B. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Odero, D. O. [Raleigh Regional Cancer Center, Beckley, West Virginia 25801 (United States)

2009-07-06

45

Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

Li, Yuan

2010-01-01

46

[Quality assurance, quality management or quality control?].  

PubMed

The current concept of quality in the German health care system dates back to the period of the 1950s and 1960s, also including current legislation. Nevertheless, quality initiatives are in full progress. The German health care system is supposed to learn from experiences described in the fields of industry, technology and commerce. The philosophy and technology of quality management can provide an ideal solution to the common problems of the health care system. PMID:14710661

Jonitz, Günther

2003-11-01

47

Quality Assurance Reconsidered: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an external evaluation of the quality assurance system at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) conducted by The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (NOKUT). The external audit report along with internal reports provided by the seven faculties of the university served as the major…

Gynnild, Vidar

2007-01-01

48

Training, Quality Assurance Factors, and Tools Investigation: a Work Report and Suggestions on Software Quality Assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previously, several research tasks have been conducted, some observations were obtained, and several possible suggestions have been contemplated involving software quality assurance engineering at NASA Johnson. These research tasks are briefly described. Also, a brief discussion is given on the role of software quality assurance in software engineering along with some observations and suggestions. A brief discussion on a training program for software quality assurance engineers is provided. A list of assurance factors as well as quality factors are also included. Finally, a process model which can be used for searching and collecting software quality assurance tools is presented.

Lee, Pen-Nan

1991-01-01

49

Tritium Systems Test Assembly Quality Assurance Program  

SciTech Connect

A Quality Assurance Program should establish the planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that fusion facilities and their subsystems will perform satisfactorily in service. The Tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA) Quality Assurance Program has been designed to assure that the designs, tests, data, and interpretive reports developed at TSTA are valid, accurate, and consistent with formally specified procedures and reviews. The quality consideration in all TSTA activities is directed toward the early detection of quality problems coupled with timely and positive disposition and corrective action.

Kerstiens, F.L.

1985-01-01

50

Tritium systems test assembly quality assurance program  

SciTech Connect

A quality assurance program should establish the planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that fusion facilities and their subsystems will perform satisfactorily in service. The Tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA) Quality Assurance Program has been designed to assure that the designs, tests, data, and interpretive reports developed at TSTA are valid, accurate, and consistent with formally specified procedures and reviews. The quality consideration in all TSTA activities is directed toward the early detection of quality problems, coupled with timely and positive disposition and corrective action.

Kerstiens, F.L.; Wilhelm, R.C.

1986-07-01

51

Quality assurance in preschool surveillance.  

PubMed Central

A quality assurance programme was used to evaluate community and primary care based preschool surveillance using the National Child Health Computer System in 40 examination centres. Quarterly reports were generated from returns from clinical medical officers and general practitioners to list non-attenders, uptake, and timeliness for the four preschool checks. These provided rapid and comparative feedback on personal performance for participating health professionals and led to marked rises in recorded timeliness and uptake against preset targets. Pre-existing uptake was highest at the 6 week check with least overall improvement. Greatest improvements occurred at the 18 month health visitor check but, in general, results plateaued when the programme had been in use for 12 to 18 months. Particular problems such as data legibility and mobile populations were identified and solutions formulated. It is postulated that improvements in performance were due to enhanced professional motivation as no other factors changed. This system provides a valuable contribution in the light of changing patterns of service provision. PMID:8048821

Wearmouth, E M; Lambert, P; Morland, R

1994-01-01

52

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Quality assurance requirements. 71.101 Section...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.101 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Purpose....

2011-01-01

53

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance criteria. 830.122 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria. The QAP must...

2010-01-01

54

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Quality assurance program. 637.207 Section...CONSTRUCTION INSPECTION AND APPROVAL Quality Assurance Procedures for Construction § 637.207 Quality assurance program. (a) Each...

2010-04-01

55

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Quality assurance program change. 63.144 Section...GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.144 Quality assurance program change. Changes to...

2011-01-01

56

23 CFR 637.207 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Quality assurance program. 637.207 Section...CONSTRUCTION INSPECTION AND APPROVAL Quality Assurance Procedures for Construction § 637.207 Quality assurance program. (a) Each...

2011-04-01

57

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Quality assurance organization. 71.103 Section...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.103 Quality assurance organization. (a) The...

2011-01-01

58

7 CFR 90.102 - Quality assurance review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance review. 90.102 Section 90.102...COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS INTRODUCTION Quality Assurance § 90.102 Quality assurance review. (a) Each laboratory...

2010-01-01

59

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance requirements. 71.101 Section...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.101 Quality assurance requirements. (a) Purpose....

2010-01-01

60

7 CFR 90.102 - Quality assurance review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Quality assurance review. 90.102 Section 90.102...COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS INTRODUCTION Quality Assurance § 90.102 Quality assurance review. (a) Each laboratory...

2011-01-01

61

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Quality assurance criteria. 830.122 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria. The QAP must...

2011-01-01

62

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance organization. 71.103 Section...PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71.103 Quality assurance organization. (a) The...

2010-01-01

63

Dynamic and Communicative Aspects of Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses quality processes as personal and social constructs that may be better understood from the theoretical perspective of relational dialects. Quality assurance and quality enhancement are relational communication activities with dimensions that are often contradictory. Elucidates and illustrates the relationship between quality processes…

Ratcliff, James L.

2003-01-01

64

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

SciTech Connect

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

65

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN CSMRI SITE REMEDIATION  

E-print Network

..................................................................................................2 2.1 Project/Task Organization/Background.............................................................................3 2.3 Project/Task Description and ScheduleQUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLAN CSMRI SITE REMEDIATION April 15, 2004 Prepared for: Colorado School

66

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH COAL MINE DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance. (a) General requirements. The...

2010-07-01

67

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

...SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH COAL MINE DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance. (a) General requirements. The...

2014-07-01

68

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH COAL MINE DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance. (a) General requirements. The...

2013-07-01

69

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH COAL MINE DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance. (a) General requirements. The...

2011-07-01

70

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR COAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH COAL MINE DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance. (a) General requirements. The...

2012-07-01

71

7 CFR 652.7 - Quality assurance.  

...must develop and maintain documentation in accordance with Departmental...provided, and provide this documentation to NRCS and the participant...through its quality assurance process, documentation submitted by the TSP,...

2014-01-01

72

7 CFR 652.7 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...must develop and maintain documentation in accordance with Departmental...provided, and provide this documentation to NRCS and the participant...through its quality assurance process, documentation submitted by the TSP,...

2012-01-01

73

7 CFR 652.7 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...must develop and maintain documentation in accordance with Departmental...provided, and provide this documentation to NRCS and the participant...through its quality assurance process, documentation submitted by the TSP,...

2011-01-01

74

7 CFR 652.7 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...must develop and maintain documentation in accordance with Departmental...provided, and furnish this documentation to NRCS and the participant...through its quality assurance process, documentation submitted by the...

2010-01-01

75

7 CFR 652.7 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...must develop and maintain documentation in accordance with Departmental...provided, and provide this documentation to NRCS and the participant...through its quality assurance process, documentation submitted by the TSP,...

2013-01-01

76

Quality assurance program for isotopic power systems  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Sandia National Laboratories Quality Assurance Program that applies to non-weapon (reimbursable) Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators. The program has been implemented over the past 16 years on power supplies used in various space and terrestrial systems. The quality assurance (QA) activity of the program is in support of the Department of Energy, Office of Space Nuclear Projects. Basic elements of the program are described in the report and examples of program decumentation are presented.

Hannigan, R.L.; Harnar, R.R.

1982-12-01

77

Quality assurance program for isotopic power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sandia National Laboratories Quality Assurance Program that applies to non-weapon (reimbursable) Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators is summarized. The program was implemented over the past 16 years on power supplies used in various space and terrestrial systems. The quality assurance (QA) activity of the program is in support of the Department of Energy, Office of Space Nuclear Projects. Basic elements of the program are described and examples of program documentation are presented.

Hannigan, R. L.; Harnar, R. R.

1982-12-01

78

BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING TOWARDS DATA QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING TOWARDS DATA QUALITY ASSURANCE An Organizational Engineering Approach Keywords: Data Quality, Business Processes, Object-Oriented Modeling, UML Abstract: Data is produced and consumed everyday by information systems, and its inherent quality is a fundamental aspect to operational

79

Quality Assurance: International Trends, Preoccupations and Features.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common concerns in quality assurance (QA) in higher education and convergence in power balances within educational systems worldwide are resulting in adoption of similar methods for QA. Quality issues addressed include definition of quality, international comparability of education, academic standards, institutional autonomy, external review,…

Woodhouse, David

1996-01-01

80

Quality Assurance and Control in Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests ways to minimize the risk of training failure and ensure that training accomplishes its objectives. Explains key differences to be learned in order to use the appropirate method of applying quality assurance and quality control. Examines five quality factors to be measured, including pre- and post-training testing devices. (CT)

Cornwell, J. B.

1980-01-01

81

Establishing Quality Assurance in the South African Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides perspectives on the unique challenges and opportunities facing the national auditing and accreditation system in South African higher education. In doing so, the quality assurance contexts of developed countries, Africa and South Africa are considered and the issues of uncertainty and conformity are highlighted. This is…

Strydom, A. H.; Strydom, J. F.

2004-01-01

82

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case  

SciTech Connect

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

2011-02-01

83

ENHANCING SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION THROUGH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The basic features of the Quality Assurance Program have been in existence since the early 1980's, but this poster will highlight some topics that have emerged more recently, in particular the Agency's laboratory competency policy, the information quality guidelines, and scientif...

84

Quality Assurance Resources: Instruments, Organizations and Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The directory contains a list and description of 20 quality assurance instruments, 5 organizations, and 10 publications to aid in monitoring service delivery systems for people with mental retardation. A position statement by the Association for Retarded Citizens on the multiple dimensions of quality assessment precedes the list. It stresses…

Association for Retarded Citizens, Arlington, TX.

85

Quality Assurance in University Guidance Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Europe there is no common quality assurance framework for the delivery of guidance in higher education. Using a case study approach in four university career guidance services in England, France and Spain, this article aims to study how quality is implemented in university career guidance services in terms of strategy, standards and models,…

Simon, Alexandra

2014-01-01

86

Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

2009-01-01

87

Quality Assurance of the Donation Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of the organs harvested from a deceased donor is of critical importance for the outcome of the transplantations. During 2005, a quality assurance project was initiated to evaluate the donor management, harvest operation, and flow of information during the donation process. Three kinds of questionnaires were used in each donation. They were completed by the transplant coordinator, the

Ö. Jynge; C. Andréasson; C. Bergström; E. Björklund; A. C. Croon; L. Tydén; J. Wahlberg; A. Tibell

2006-01-01

88

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146.270 Section...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 2146.270 FEGLI Program...

2011-10-01

89

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146.270 Section...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract Quality Requirements 2146.270 FEGLI Program...

2010-10-01

90

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

...freedom to— (1) Identify quality problems; (2) Initiate...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule, when opposed...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2014-01-01

91

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

...organizational freedom to identify quality problems; to initiate, recommend...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule considerations...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2014-01-01

92

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...organizational freedom to identify quality problems; to initiate, recommend...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule considerations...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2013-01-01

93

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to beneficiaries; (4) Quality of service and responsiveness...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program. The...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program pursuant...contract year has begun, the costs incurred in correcting...

2013-10-01

94

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

...to beneficiaries; (4) Quality of service and responsiveness...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program. The...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program pursuant...contract year has begun, the costs incurred in correcting...

2014-10-01

95

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...to beneficiaries; (4) Quality of service and responsiveness...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program. The...contractor's services and/or quality assurance program pursuant...contract year has begun, the costs incurred in correcting...

2012-10-01

96

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...organizational freedom to identify quality problems; to initiate, recommend...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule considerations...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2012-01-01

97

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...freedom to— (1) Identify quality problems; (2) Initiate...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule, when opposed...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2013-01-01

98

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...organizational freedom to identify quality problems; to initiate, recommend...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule considerations...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2011-01-01

99

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...freedom to— (1) Identify quality problems; (2) Initiate...and organizations performing quality assurance functions shall...sufficient independence from cost and schedule, when opposed...structure for executing the quality assurance program may...

2012-01-01

100

The IRIS DMC: Perspectives on Real-Time Data Management and Open Access From a Large Seismological Archive: Challenges, Tools, and Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS Data Management Center, located in Seattle, WA, is the largest openly accessible geophysical archive in the world, and has a unique perspective on data management and operational practices that gets the most out of your network. Networks scale broad domains in time and space, from finite needs to monitor bridges and dams to national and international networks like the GSN and the FDSN that establish a baseline for global monitoring and research, the requirements that go into creating a well-tuned DMC archive treat these the same, building a collaborative network of networks that generations of users rely on and adds value to the data. Funded by the National Science Foundation through the Division of Earth Sciences, IRIS is operated through member universities and in cooperation with the USGS, and the DMS facility is a bridge between a globally distributed collaboration of seismic networks and an equally distributed network of users that demand a high standard for data quality, completeness, and ease of access. I will describe the role that a perpetual archive has in the life cycle of data, and how hosting real-time data performs a dual role of being a hub for continuous data from approximately 59 real-time networks, and distributing these (along with other data from the 40-year library of available time-series data) to researchers, while simultaneously providing shared data back to networks in real- time that benefits monitoring activities. I will describe aspects of our quality-assurance framework that are both passively and actively performed on 1100 seismic stations, generating over 6,000 channels of regularly sampled data arriving daily, that data providers can use as aids in operating their network, and users can likewise use when requesting suitable data for research purposes. The goal of the DMC is to eliminate bottlenecks in data discovery and shortening the steps leading to analysis. This includes many challenges, including keeping metadata current, tools for evaluating and viewing them, along with measuring and creating databases of other performance metrics and how monitoring them closer to real- time helps reduce operation costs, creates a richer repository, and eliminates problems over generations of duty cycles of data usage. I will describe a new resource, called the Nominal Response Library, which hopes to provide accurate and representative examples of sensor and data logger configurations that are hosted at the DMC and constitute a high-graded subset for crafting your own metadata. Finally, I want to encourage all network operators who do not currently submit SEED format data to an archive to consider these benefits, and briefly discuss how robust transfer mechanisms that include Earthworm, LISS, Antelope, NRTS and SeisComp, to name a few, can assist you in contributing your network data and help create this enabling virtual network of networks. In this era of high performance Internet capacity, the process that enables others to share your data and allows you to utilize external sources of data is nearly seamless with your current mission of network operation.

Benson, R. B.

2007-05-01

101

An operational health physics quality assurance program  

SciTech Connect

DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, stipulates QA requirements for all DOE activities. This order is now codified as 10CFR830.120, Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements, which is applicable to DOE nuclear facilities. A Quality Assurance Management Plan (QAMP) was developed by the Health Physics Operations Group (ESH-1) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The goal of the ESH-1 QAMP is to ensure that operational radiation protection activities meet the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C, DOE-ER-STD-6001-92 and 10CFR830.120. The ten required elements are QA Program, Personal Training and Qualifications, Quality Improvement, Documents and Records, Work Processes, Design, Procurement, Inspection and Acceptance Testing, Management Assessment and Independent Assessment. The QAMP has been useful for the development of QAMPs at nuclear facilities and has helped ensure uniformity of institutional requirements where Health Physics services are deployed to facilities. To implement a subset of QAMP requirements, a Quality Assurance Self-Evaluation Program (QASE) was established. This program provides a novel self-audit mechanism for the formal identification and correction of non-conforming items related to Operational Health Physics. Additionally, the QASE is a useful management tool for Radiological Control Technician Supervisors and staff and provides a tracking mechanism for ongoing problem areas. Data have been Collected for two calendar years on a number of concerns that fall into four general categories: radiological posting and labeling, instrumentation, monitoring requirements, and radiological documents/records.

Costigan, S.A.; McAtee, J.L. III; Somers, W.M.; Huchton, R.L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM (United States)

1996-06-01

102

MICROBIOLOGY: METHODOLOGY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

Research on the microbiological quality of water continues to concentrate on improved methods for the detection, enumeration, and identification of pollution indicators, pathogens, and other microbial groups. A complete handbook of basic laboratory procedures, replete with resour...

103

Quality Assurance in Trichiasis Surgery: a methodology  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Trachoma remains a significant cause of blindness in many parts of the world. The major route to blindness involves upper lid entropion leading to trachomatous trichiasis (TT) which promotes progressive corneal opacification. The provision of surgery to correct TT in the populations most severely affected is a major challenge for the global effort to eliminate Trachoma blindness by the year 2020. Most attention has been paid to increasing the quantity of TT surgery performed, and large numbers of non-doctor operators have been trained to this end. Surgical audit by those performing TT surgery is not a routine part of any national trachoma control programme, and no effective mechanism exists for identifying surgeons experiencing poor outcomes. We propose a methodology for surgical audit at the level of the individual surgeon based on Lot Quality Assurance. A set number of patients operated on previously for upper eyelid TT are examined to detect the recurrence of TT. The number of recurrent cases found will lead to categorisation of the TT surgeon to either “high recurrence” or “low recurrence” with reasonable confidence. The threshold of unacceptability can be set by individual programmes according to previous local studies of recurrence rates or those from similar settings. Identification of surgeons delivering unacceptably high levels of recurrent TT will guide managers on the need for remedial intervention such as re-training. PMID:20881027

Buchan, John C; Limburg, Hans; Burton, Matthew J

2013-01-01

104

SWMM 5 REDEVELOPMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA recently released a new version of the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) that combines a new interface with a completely re-written computational engine. The SWMM redevelopment project proceeded under a Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) that describes methods and proced...

105

Radiotherapy quality assurance in clinical trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of radiation therapy is to yield the greatest possible uncomplicated local and regional tumor control. Inasmuch as higher doses of irradiation and adequacy of treatment portals (volume irradiated) appear to correlate with greater probability of tumor control and major complications, there is a critical need to optimize treatment planning and quality assurance in radiation therapy. Along with this,

Carlos A. Perez; Patricia Gardner; Glenn P. Glasgow

1984-01-01

106

Quality Assurance and Evaluation in Denmark  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, international comparisons have become a powerful lever for change in educational policies. Quality assurance and evaluation (QAE) in many forms is being incorporated in the steering and management of schools. However, the Danish use of QAE is a dynamic result of ongoing tensions and struggles both around and within QAE…

Andersen, Vibeke Normann; Dahler-Larsen, Peter; Pedersen, Carsten Strombaek

2009-01-01

107

Learning Resources Specialist Quality Assurance Program Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Quality Assurance Program for Learning Resources Specialists is part of the Houston, Texas, Plan for Excellence and addresses the renewal and professional growth opportunities for the specialists. The program is administered by a bi- or tri-dimensional assessment team that may consist of the principal, an instructional supervisor, and the…

McIntire, Ronald G.; Wong, Martha J.

108

Quality Assurance in VET. Review of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on quality assurance (QA) in vocational education and training (VET) in Australia over the past 6 years was reviewed. Three factors responsible for growing interest in QA were identified: close connections with industry sectors that have gained from the introduction of QA measures; the more competitive training market that has been…

Hager, Paul

109

Quality assurance in alternative energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

In July 1977, Rockwell assumed the Operating Contractor responsibilities at Hanford for the Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. This paper reflects on the Hanford history, describes the radwaste efforts now taking place, outlines future plans and highlights the increasing role of Quality Assurance.

Hammond

1979-01-01

110

REGIONAL AIR POLLUTION STUDY, QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS  

EPA Science Inventory

RAPS Quality Assurance audits were conducted under this Task Order in continuation of the audit program previously conducted under Task Order No. 58. Quantitative field audits were conducted of the Regional Air Monitoring System (RAMS) Air Monitoring Stations, Local Air Monitorin...

111

222-S laboratory quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for analytical services. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing 222-S and 222-SA analytical and quality control activities. The 222-S Laboratory provides analytical services to various clients including, but not limited to, waste characterization for the Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS), waste characterization for regulatory waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD), regulatory compliance samples, radiation screening, process samples, and TPA samples. A graded approach is applied on the level of sample custody, QC, data verification, and data reporting to meet the specific needs of the client.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-04-01

112

Quality assurance programme for necropsies.  

PubMed Central

One hundred and eight consecutive necropsies were entered into a quality assessment of the necropsy service in this hospital using a previously published American protocol. Our results were similar to those of the American series, with confirmation of the major clinical diagnosis in 75%, but a higher rate of unsuspected diagnosis (44%). Necropsy was helpful in 58% of cases. The presentation of selected cases at a monthly conference on causes of death was valuable in correlating clinical and pathological findings, and in helping integrate both services. PMID:2584432

Harrison, M; Hourihane, D O

1989-01-01

113

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Quality Assurance Program (QAP). 830.121 Section...121 Quality Assurance Program (QAP). (a) Contractors...consensus standards in its development and implementation, where...ensures that subcontractors and suppliers satisfy the criteria...

2010-01-01

114

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN RESEARCH LABORATORIES: RULES AND REASON  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality Assurance in Research Laboratories: Rules and Reason Ron Rogers, Quality Assurance and Records Manager, Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL/ORD/US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709 To anyone who has actively participated in research, as I have...

115

10 CFR 74.59 - Quality assurance and accounting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Quality assurance and accounting requirements. 74.59 Section 74...CONTINUED) MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL Formula... § 74.59 Quality assurance and accounting requirements. (a) Licensees...

2011-01-01

116

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance ...standard in DOE's current quality assurance program at the time of the change; (2) The use of generic organizational...

2010-01-01

117

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

118

Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of radiological airborne emissions. This Quality Assurance Program Plan is prepared in accordance with and to written requirements.

Boom, R.J.

1995-12-01

119

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Proposals for Consultation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document sets out for consultation proposals for a revised method for quality assurance of teaching and learning in higher education. The proposals cover: (1) the objectives and principles of quality assurance; (2) an approach to quality assurance based on external audit principles; (3) the collection and publication of information; (4)…

Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

120

QUALITY SCIENCE AND QUALITY ASSURANCE: OBSERVATIONS OR AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTIST  

EPA Science Inventory

-- ABSTRACT The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the relationship between quality science (QS) and quality assurance (QA). Many research scientists definitely want to do QS, but are afraid or do not want to do QA because they are intimidated by the QA proc...

121

A helical tomotherapy dynamic quality assurance.  

PubMed

A multifaceted tomotherapy quality assurance procedure has been developed. This procedure tests most of the features inherent in the tomotherapy Hi-Art device. This includes the megavoltage imaging quality, spatial and temporal accuracy of the dynamic delivery properties, as well as more traditional beam output characteristics. This is accomplished with a specialized multichannel electrometer that measures collected charge every 100 ms and a Virtual Water cylindrical phantom that holds many ion chambers and differing density insert plugs. Both devices are offered with the Hi-Art product. These tests are presented as well as their sensitivity to beam and delivery variations. PMID:17089856

Balog, John; Holmes, Tim; Vaden, Richard

2006-10-01

122

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2012-10-01

123

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2013-10-01

124

US Environmental Protection Agency's quality assurance program  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor organizations historically have devoted considerable time and effort to the standardization of test procedures, the development and use of calibration and performance audit procedures, quality control and reference samples, training, and other quality assurance (QA) activities. However, these QA activities were essentially voluntary, and most of the data generated were reported with no indication of quality, thereby severely reducing their usefulness. Due to questions concerning the quality of EPA's data, Agency policy stipulated on 30 May and 29 June 1979 requires participation in a centrally managed QA program by all organizational units engaged in environmentally related measurements. This policy applies equally to those extramural efforts performed on behalf of EPA. The primary responsibility for program development and direction is assigned to the Office of Research and Development, while other program offices, regions, and laboratories are responsible for its implementation. Essential elements of the program include developing and implementing QA program plans, QA project plans, and standard operating procedures; conducting audits of the capability and performance of measurement systems, and data quality; maintaining a mechanism for corrective actions; QA training; and frequency reports to management on the quality of data, program effectiveness, and problems. The goal of the QA program is to ensure that all data generated are of known, documented, and acceptable quality. 2 references.

Stanley, T.W.; Verner, S.S.

1985-06-01

125

Radiographic Film Processing Quality Assurance: A Self-Teaching Workbook. Quality Assurance Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook has been designed for use in conjunction with the manual, "Photographic Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Therapy." Presented are several typical problems arising from the existence of variability and fluctuations in the automatic processing of radiographs, which unless corrected, can…

Goldman, Lee W.

126

Technology Transfer Challenges for High-Assurance Software Engineering Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we describe our experience with the challenges thar we are currently facing in our effort to develop advanced software verification and validation tools. We categorize these challenges into several areas: cost benefits modeling, tool usability, customer application domain, and organizational issues. We provide examples of challenges in each area and identrfj, open research issues in areas which limit our ability to transfer high-assurance software engineering tools into practice.

Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor); Penix, John; Markosian, Lawrence Z.

2003-01-01

127

Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

Hughitt, Brian

2009-01-01

128

222-S Laboratory Quality Assurance Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Plan provides,quality assurance (QA) guidance, regulatory QA requirements (e.g., 10 CFR 830.120), and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the U.S Department of Energy (DOE) issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP). In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. Quality assurance elements required in the Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Program Plans (QAMS-004) and Interim Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Project Plans (QAMS-005) from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are covered throughout this document. A quality assurance index is provided in the Appendix A. This document also provides and/or identifies the procedural information that governs laboratory operations. The personnel of the 222-S Laboratory and the Standards Laboratory including managers, analysts, QA/QC staff, auditors, and support staff shall use this document as guidance and instructions for their operational and quality assurance activities. Other organizations that conduct activities described in this document for the 222-S Laboratory shall follow this QA/QC document.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-07-31

129

The Assurance Challenges of Advanced Packaging Technologies for Electronics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advances in microelectronic parts performance are driving towards finer feature sizes, three-dimensional geometries and ever-increasing number of transistor equivalents that are resulting in increased die sizes and interconnection (I/O) counts. The resultant packaging necessary to provide assemble-ability, environmental protection, testability and interconnection to the circuit board for the active die creates major challenges, particularly for space applications, Traditionally, NASA has used hermetically packaged microcircuits whenever available but the new demands make hermetic packaging less and less practical at the same time as more and more expensive, Some part types of great interest to NASA designers are currently only available in non-hermetic packaging. It is a far more complex quality and reliability assurance challenge to gain confidence in the long-term survivability and effectiveness of nonhermetic packages than for hermetic ones. Although they may provide more rugged environmental protection than the familiar Plastic Encapsulated Microcircuits (PEMs), the non-hermetic Ceramic Column Grid Array (CCGA) packages that are the focus of this presentation present a unique combination of challenges to assessing their suitability for spaceflight use. The presentation will discuss the bases for these challenges, some examples of the techniques proposed to mitigate them and a proposed approach to a US MIL specification Class for non-hermetic microcircuits suitable for space application, Class Y, to be incorporated into M. IL-PRF-38535. It has recently emerged that some major packaging suppliers are offering hermetic area array packages that may offer alternatives to the nonhermetic CCGA styles but have also got their own inspectability and testability issues which will be briefly discussed in the presentation,

Sampson, Michael J.

2010-01-01

130

Quality assurance guides health reform in Jordan.  

PubMed

In November 1995, a World Bank mission went to Jordan to conduct a study of the health sector. The study recommended three strategies to reform the health sector: decentralization of Ministry of Health (MOH) management; improvement of clinical practices, quality of care, and consumer satisfaction; and adoption of treatment protocols and standards. The MOH chose quality assurance (QA) methods and quality management (QM) techniques to accomplish these reforms. The Monitoring and QA Directorate oversees QA applications within MOH. It also institutes and develops the capacity of local QA units in the 12 governorates. The QA units implement and monitor day-to-day QA activities. The QM approach encompasses quality principles: establish objectives; use a systematic approach; teach lessons learned and applicable research; use QA training to teach quality care, quality improvement, and patient satisfaction; educate health personnel about QM approaches; use assessment tools and interviews; measure the needs and expectations of local health providers and patients; ensure feedback on QA improvement projects; ensure valid and reliable data; monitor quality improvement efforts; standardize systemic data collection and outcomes; and establish and disseminate QA standards and performance improvement efforts. The Jordan QA Project has helped with the successful institutionalization of a QA system at both the central and local levels. The bylaws of the QA councils and committees require team participation in the decision-making process. Over the last two years, the M&QA Project has adopted 21 standards for nursing, maternal and child health care centers, pharmacies, and medications. The Balqa pilot project has developed 44 such protocols. Quality improvement (COUGH) studies have examined hyper-allergy, analysis of patient flow rate, redistribution of nurses, vaccine waste, and anemic pregnant women. There are a considerable number of on-going clinical and non-clinical COUGH studies. Four epidemiological studies are examining maternal mortality, causes of death, morbidity, and perinatal mortality. PMID:12347468

Abubaker, W; Abdulrahman, M

1996-01-01

131

Institutional Response to the Swedish Model of Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the Swedish model of quality assurance of higher education by examining the response of institutions to 27 quality audits and 19 follow-up interviews. Discusses the relationship between top-down and bottom-up approaches to internal quality assurance and suggests that, with growing professionalization, more limited result-oriented audits…

Nilsson, Karl-Axel; Wahlen, Staffan

2000-01-01

132

Quality Assurance in Higher Education as a Political Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The procedures commonly employed for quality assurance in higher education are designed as if the endeavour were a technical process, whereas it may be more useful to view it as a political process. For example, quality assurance requires making choices among competing conceptions of quality, and in so doing privileges some interests over others.…

Skolnik, Michael L.

2010-01-01

133

Quality Assurance 9 2013 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT9-1  

E-print Network

Quality Assurance 9 2013 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT9-1 Quality assurance is an integral part- ployed as an integrated system of management activities. These activities involve planning- ect manager for each environmental program determines the type, amount, and quality of data needed

134

Quality Assurance 9 2005 Site environmental report9-  

E-print Network

Quality Assurance 9 2005 Site environmental report9- DRAFT Quality assurance is an integral part- ployed as an integrated system of management activities. These activities involve planning, the project manager for each environmental pro- gram determines the type, amount, and quality of data needed

135

HELIOS Critical Design Review: Quality Assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The following is an account of the activities of the Quality Assurance (QA) department of the project management office highlighting some of the ways in which it controls QA of the subcontractors on one hand and reports on Quality to GfW (Gesellschaft fur Weltraumforschung) on the other hand. The basic document prepared by MBB (Messerschmitt-Bolkow-Blohm) for QA activities is 1. The QA plan based on GfW 002. The QA department is responsible moreover for monitoring and making decisions about the quality of parts and materials and the governing document for this activity is 2. The Parts and Materials Control Plan based on GfW 001 - the reliability program provisions, as well as GfW 002. A brief survey of the contents of the QA Plan is shown. It should be noted that QA activity dealing with parts procurement is partially covered in a separate presentation entitled "Hi-Rel Parts". Supplementary quality documents are shown.

Benoehr, H. C.; Herholz, J.; Prem, H.; Mann, D.; Reichert, L.; Rupp, W.; Campbell, D.; Boettger, H.; Zerwes, G.; Kurvin, C.

1972-01-01

136

Software Quality Assurance for Nuclear Safety Systems  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has undertaken an initiative to improve the quality of software used to design and operate their nuclear facilities across the United States. One aspect of this initiative is to revise or create new directives and guides associated with quality practices for the safety software in its nuclear facilities. Safety software includes the safety structures, systems, and components software and firmware, support software and design and analysis software used to ensure the safety of the facility. DOE nuclear facilities are unique when compared to commercial nuclear or other industrial activities in terms of the types and quantities of hazards that must be controlled to protect workers, public and the environment. Because of these differences, DOE must develop an approach to software quality assurance that ensures appropriate risk mitigation by developing a framework of requirements that accomplishes the following goals: {sm_bullet} Ensures the software processes developed to address nuclear safety in design, operation, construction and maintenance of its facilities are safe {sm_bullet} Considers the larger system that uses the software and its impacts {sm_bullet} Ensures that the software failures do not create unsafe conditions Software designers for nuclear systems and processes must reduce risks in software applications by incorporating processes that recognize, detect, and mitigate software failure in safety related systems. It must also ensure that fail safe modes and component testing are incorporated into software design. For nuclear facilities, the consideration of risk is not necessarily sufficient to ensure safety. Systematic evaluation, independent verification and system safety analysis must be considered for software design, implementation, and operation. The software industry primarily uses risk analysis to determine the appropriate level of rigor applied to software practices. This risk-based approach distinguishes safety-critical software and applies the highest level of rigor for those systems. DOE has further defined a risk approach to nuclear safety system software consistent with the analyses required for operation of nuclear facilities. This requires the grading of software in terms of safety class and safety significant structures, systems and components (SSCs). Safety-class SSCs are related to public safety where as safety-significant SSCs are identified for specific aspects of defense-in-depth and worker safety. Industry standards do not directly categorize nuclear safety software and DOE sites are not consistent in their approach to nuclear safety software quality assurance. DOE is establishing a more detailed graded approach for software associated with safety class and safety significant systems. This paper presents the process and results that DOE utilized to develop a detailed classification scheme for nuclear safety software.

Sparkman, D R; Lagdon, R

2004-05-16

137

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

138

Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes. ENQA Workshop Report 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the Bologna ministerial conference to be held in April 2012 in Bucharest, ENQA organised a seminar in September 2011 on Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes in collaboration with the Austrian Accreditation Council (OAR). The purpose of this seminar was twofold: first, to analyse the experience already gained in quality assurance of…

Frederiks, Mark; Grifoll, Josep; Hiltunen, Kirsi; Hopbach, Achim

2012-01-01

139

Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Engineering Education in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a study of the quality assurance and accreditation in the Jordanian higher education sector and focuses mainly on engineering education. It presents engineering education, accreditation and quality assurance in Jordan and considers the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) for a case study. The study highlights the…

Aqlan, Faisal; Al-Araidah, Omar; Al-Hawari, Tarek

2010-01-01

140

Evaluating Hospital Compliance with the JCAH Quality Assurance Standards  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the history of the quality assurance standards of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals, reviews some of the technical problems associated with creation of a very large automated file of standards' compliance data from surveyed hospitals, and summarizes quality assurance findings from among 1,156 hospitals surveyed in 1982.

Downey, James E.; Walczak, Regina M.; Hohri, William M.

1983-01-01

141

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

142

Democratisation and Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article interprets a particular set of debates on whether quality assurance in South African higher education widens democracy or not. The interpretation explores the extent to which higher education quality assurance fulfils three conditions posited for democracy (inclusion, participation and enhancement), drawing in as points of reference…

Symes, Ashley

2006-01-01

143

EASTERN LAKE SURVEY - PHASE II QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The Eastern Lake Survey - Phase II report describes and evaluates the quality assurance program employed during this study of regional surface water chemistry. The Quality Assurance Program was designed to ensure that all samples were collected and analyzed consistently, to verif...

144

Current Trends in European Quality Assurance. ENQA Workshop Report 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is a product of two ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminars, held in 2007, on current trends in European Quality Assurance. The first seminar, hosted by the Bulgarian National Evaluation and Accreditation Agency (NEAA), examined the situation in South-Eastern Europe. The second seminar…

Bozo, Dhurata; Damian, Radu; Gonzalez, Cecilia de la Rosa; Helle, Emmi; Imoda, Franco; Kohler, Alexander; Papazoglou, Vassilios J.; Dalmau, Gemma Rauret; Shopov, Todor

2009-01-01

145

Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commonwealth of Learning is proud to partner with the Sri Lankan Ministry of Higher Education and UNESCO to produce this "Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes". The Toolkit has been prepared with three features. First, it is a generic document on quality assurance, complete with a glossary of…

Rama, Kondapalli, Ed.; Hope, Andrea, Ed.

2009-01-01

146

Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

Vance, L.M.

1993-07-01

147

Internal Quality Assurance Benchmarking. ENQA Workshop Report 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internal Quality Assurance group of ENQA (IQA Group) has been organising a yearly seminar for its members since 2007. The main objective is to share experiences concerning the internal quality assurance of work processes in the participating agencies. The overarching theme of the 2011 seminar was how to use benchmarking as a tool for…

Blackstock, Douglas; Burquel, Nadine; Comet, Nuria; Kajaste, Matti; dos Santos, Sergio Machado; Marcos, Sandra; Moser, Marion; Ponds, Henri; Scheuthle, Harald; Sixto, Luis Carlos Velon

2012-01-01

148

Focusing on Quality Assurance--The Profession's Collective Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Dental Association Office of Quality Assurance's current programs include liaison with national health organizations, a comprehensive report of quality assurance, a health policy agenda for the American people, encouragement of peer review organizations, a Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, and…

Klyop, John S.

1989-01-01

149

Quality Assurance of the VELO Modules and Analysis of the  

E-print Network

analysis. Quality assurance of the silicon modules of LHCb vertex detector One of the critical components neutral current process which occurs only via loop diagrams. This is a rare process with a measuredQuality Assurance of the VELO Modules and Analysis of the ¢¡¤£ ¥ ¦¨§©§ Rare Decay on LHCb

Glasgow, University of

150

Assuring the quality of evaluative information: theory and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is now a large supply of evaluative information in the forms of evaluation, performance reporting and performance auditing. Relatively little attention has been paid to assuring the quality of this information. The article explores the origins, practice and consequences of evaluative information quality assurance in light of the political and organizational environments within which it occurs. Information was collected

Robert Schwartz; John Mayne

2005-01-01

151

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality...quality assurance program to ensure that mattress sets manufactured for sale are the...incoming inspection procedures, of all mattress set materials, components and...

2010-01-01

152

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality...quality assurance program to ensure that mattress sets manufactured for sale are the...incoming inspection procedures, of all mattress set materials, components and...

2012-01-01

153

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality...quality assurance program to ensure that mattress sets manufactured for sale are the...incoming inspection procedures, of all mattress set materials, components and...

2011-01-01

154

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

...FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality...quality assurance program to ensure that mattress sets manufactured for sale are the...incoming inspection procedures, of all mattress set materials, components and...

2014-01-01

155

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard § 1633.6 Quality...quality assurance program to ensure that mattress sets manufactured for sale are the...incoming inspection procedures, of all mattress set materials, components and...

2013-01-01

156

Research and development quality assurance planning  

SciTech Connect

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity of control provided by quality-related systems is commensurate with the importance and scope of the activities being performed. Good scientific practices applied to small bench-scale projects may require minimal additional controls. As projects increase in size and complexity the controls imposed through planning must, by necessity, be increased. Research and development QA planning, just like any other planning, involves all affected individuals. The application of control systems is determined by factors such as customer or sponsor requirements, the importance of an item or activity to the experiment's success, and the organizational complexity of the project. Many larger experiments are highly dependent on quality-related support activities such as calibration, engineering design, and inspection provided by organizations outside the R D group. Since, in most cases, the expense of support activities is taken directly from funds available for research, it is important for the researchers to be involved in the planning efforts to help determine and agree with the level of QA effort required. A single plan will often suffice for organizations engaged in large numbers of similar experiments. Complex experiments may require unique QA plans or additions to existing plans. Once implemented, the R D QA plans, like any others, require audits or surveillances and may require revisions if the scope of the experiment changes. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Hoke, P.B.

1990-05-14

157

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

158

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

159

Quality assurance tool: taking a whole-system approach.  

PubMed

The London Cancer Alliance (LCA) has developed the Quality Clinical Board Exception Report (QCBER), a tool that supports delivery of quality assurance across its member organisations through its quality assurance framework and escalation protocol. The process improves quality assurance and performance in terms of patient safety, patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. This article describes how implementation of a robust quality assurance process supported by a simple tool can help healthcare organisations improve patient care and avoid duplication when sharing quality information among providers and across healthcare systems. It also explains how application of the tool can help organisations build evidence of best practice in the five essential Care Quality Commission areas: safety, effectiveness, care, responsiveness and good management. PMID:25428327

Dowling, Claire; Patel, Seraphim Jr

2014-11-27

160

Optical quality assurance of GEM foils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis software was developed for the high aspect ratio optical scanning system in the Detector Laboratory of the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki Institute of Physics. The system is used e.g. in the quality assurance of the GEM-TPC detectors being developed for the beam diagnostics system of the SuperFRS at future FAIR facility. The software was tested by analyzing five CERN standard GEM foils scanned with the optical scanning system. The measurement uncertainty of the diameter of the GEM holes and the pitch of the hole pattern was found to be 0.5 ?m and 0.3 ?m, respectively. The software design and the performance are discussed. The correlation between the GEM hole size distribution and the corresponding gain variation was studied by comparing them against a detailed gain mapping of a foil and a set of six lower precision control measurements. It can be seen that a qualitative estimation of the behavior of the local variation in gain across the GEM foil can be made based on the measured sizes of the outer and inner holes.

Hildén, T.; Brücken, E.; Heino, J.; Kalliokoski, M.; Karadzhinova, A.; Lauhakangas, R.; Tuominen, E.; Turpeinen, R.

2015-01-01

161

ROC analysis in patient specific quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This work investigates the use of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) methods in patient specific IMRT quality assurance (QA) in order to determine unbiased methods to set threshold criteria for {gamma}-distance to agreement measurements. Methods: A group of 17 prostate plans was delivered as planned while a second group of 17 prostate plans was modified with the introduction of random multileaf collimator (MLC) position errors that are normally distributed with {sigma}{approx}{+-}0.5, {+-}1.0, {+-}2.0, and {+-}3.0 mm (a total of 68 modified plans were created). All plans were evaluated using five different {gamma}-criteria. ROC methodology was applied by quantifying the fraction of modified plans reported as 'fail' and unmodified plans reported as 'pass.'Results: {gamma}-based criteria were able to attain nearly 100% sensitivity/specificity in the detection of large random errors ({sigma} > 3 mm). Sensitivity and specificity decrease rapidly for all {gamma}-criteria as the size of error to be detected decreases below 2 mm. Predictive power is null with all criteria used in the detection of small MLC errors ({sigma} < 0.5 mm). Optimal threshold values were established by determining which criteria maximized sensitivity and specificity. For 3%/3 mm {gamma}-criteria, optimal threshold values range from 92% to 99%, whereas for 2%/2 mm, the range was from 77% to 94%. Conclusions: The optimal threshold values that were determined represent a maximized test sensitivity and specificity and are not subject to any user bias. When applied to the datasets that we studied, our results suggest the use of patient specific QA as a safety tool that can effectively prevent large errors (e.g., {sigma} > 3 mm) as opposed to a tool to improve the quality of IMRT delivery.

Carlone, Marco; MacPherson, Miller [Department of Medical Physics, Trillium Health Partners, Mississauga, Ontario L5M 2N1 (Canada); Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3S2 (Canada); Cruje, Charmainne; Rangel, Alejandra; McCabe, Ryan; Nielsen, Michelle [Department of Medical Physics, Trillium Health Partners, Mississauga, Ontario L5M 2N1 (Canada)

2013-04-15

162

Daily quality assurance software for a satellite radiometer system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Six Differential Microwave Radiometers (DMR) on COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) measure the large-angular-scale isotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at 31.5, 53, and 90 GHz. Quality assurance software analyzes the daily telemetry from the spacecraft to ensure that the instrument is operating correctly and that the data are not corrupted. Quality assurance for DMR poses challenging requirements. The data are differential, so a single bad point can affect a large region of the sky, yet the CMB isotropy requires lengthy integration times (greater than 1 year) to limit potential CMB anisotropies. Celestial sources (with the exception of the moon) are not, in general, visible in the raw differential data. A 'quicklook' software system was developed that, in addition to basic plotting and limit-checking, implements a collection of data tests as well as long-term trending. Some of the key capabilities include the following: (1) stability analysis showing how well the data RMS averages down with increased data; (2) a Fourier analysis and autocorrelation routine to plot the power spectrum and confirm the presence of the 3 mK 'cosmic' dipole signal; (3) binning of the data against basic spacecraft quantities such as orbit angle; (4) long-term trending; and (5) dipole fits to confirm the spacecraft attitude azimuth angle.

Keegstra, P. B.; Smoot, G. F.; Bennett, C. L.; Aymon, J.; Backus, C.; Deamici, G.; Hinshaw, G.; Jackson, P. D.; Kogut, A.; Lineweaver, C.

1992-01-01

163

48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408 ...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2010-10-01

164

15 CFR 996.31 - Termination of the Quality Assurance Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Termination of the Quality Assurance Program. 996.31 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...

2011-01-01

165

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246.402 Section...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government...

2011-10-01

166

48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408 ...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2011-10-01

167

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Access to quality assurance records and documents within...MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records and documents...

2011-07-01

168

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 246.402 Section...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government...

2010-10-01

169

15 CFR 996.31 - Termination of the Quality Assurance Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Termination of the Quality Assurance Program. 996.31 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...

2010-01-01

170

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Access to quality assurance records and documents within...MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records and documents...

2010-07-01

171

48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Government contract quality assurance functions. 1852.246-71 Section 1852...Government contract quality assurance functions. As prescribed in 1846.470, insert...Government Contract Quality Assurance Functions (OCT 1988) In accordance with...

2011-10-01

172

48 CFR 1852.246-71 - Government contract quality assurance functions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Government contract quality assurance functions. 1852.246-71 Section 1852...Government contract quality assurance functions. As prescribed in 1846.470, insert...Government Contract Quality Assurance Functions (OCT 1988) In accordance with...

2010-10-01

173

Preceptor Perceptions of Pharmacy Student Team Quality Assurance Projects  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess preceptors' opinions of the impact of quality assurance projects. Methods Students were given the opportunity to directly apply material learned in class in a “real world” environment by completing a quality assurance project in a community or health-system pharmacy. All preceptors (n = 38) were contacted via telephone and given the opportunity to respond to open-ended questions concerning their experience with student-team quality assurance projects. Results Preceptors indicated the quality assurance projects benefited their practice sites by providing additional resources (53%, n = 19), decreased medication errors (22%, n = 8), and increased awareness of the importance of quality assurance (22%, n = 8). Ninety-four percent of respondents (n = 34) perceived the projects had a positive impact on patient care and 92% (n = 33) perceived a positive impact on themselves. Conclusions Preceptors felt that quality assurance projects performed by pharmacy-student teams were beneficial to patient care, the practice site, and themselves. The quality assurance projects have broad applications and can be added to a medication safety class or to the introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) sequence. PMID:19564990

2009-01-01

174

Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: Some Common Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this…

Law, Dennis Chung Sea

2010-01-01

175

Cui Bono? The Relevance and Impact of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

External quality assurance of universities exists to assure society that higher education standards are adequate and, in an increasingly global market, that they are comparable internationally. Although society has accepted an implicit compact in giving autonomy to universities in return for their dispassionate service to it, there has been an…

Massaro, Vin

2010-01-01

176

Delivery quality assurance with ArcCHECK.  

PubMed

Radiation therapy requires delivery quality assurance (DQA) to ensure that treatment is accurate and closely follows the plan. We report our experience with the ArcCHECK phantom and investigate its potential optimization for the DQA process. One-hundred seventy DQA plans from 84 patients were studied. Plans were classified into 2 groups: those with the target situated on the diodes of the ArcCHECK (D plans) and those with the target situated at the center (C plans). Gamma pass rates for 8 target sites were examined. The parameters used to analyze the data included 3%/3 mm with the Van Dyk percent difference criteria (VD) on, 3%/3 mm with the VD off, 2%/2 mm with the VD on, and x/3 mm with the VD on and the percentage dosimetric agreement "x" for diode plans adjusted. D plans typically displayed maximum planned dose (MPD) on the cylindrical surface containing ArcCHECK diodes than center plans, resulting in inflated gamma pass rates. When this was taken into account by adjusting the percentage dosimetric agreement, C plans outperformed D plans by an average of 3.5%. ArcCHECK can streamline the DQA process, consuming less time and resources than radiographic films. It is unnecessary to generate 2 DQA plans for each patient; a single center plan will suffice. Six of 8 target sites consistently displayed pass rates well within our acceptance criteria; the lesser performance of head and neck and spinal sites can be attributed to marginally lower doses and increased high gradient of plans. PMID:22917964

Neilson, Christopher; Klein, Michael; Barnett, Rob; Yartsev, Slav

2013-01-01

177

QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT - 1990-1993 EMAP VIRGINIAN PROVINCE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report documents the results of Quality Assurance activities conducted in conjunction with sampling performed by EPA's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program's Estuaries study (EMAP-Estuaries) in the Virginian Province from 1990 through 1993. s part of the planning ...

178

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

179

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

180

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

181

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

182

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

183

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

184

7 CFR 56.39 - Quality assurance inspector required.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MARKETING ACT OF 1946 AND THE EGG PRODUCTS INSPECTION ACT (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Prerequisites to Packaging Shell Eggs Identified with Grademarks § 56.39 Quality assurance inspector...

2010-01-01

185

10 CFR 72.142 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

10 Energy 2 2010-01-01...Section 72.142 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY...HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE, AND REACTOR-RELATED GREATER THAN CLASS C WASTE Quality Assurance...shall report to a management level...

2010-01-01

186

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

(b) The quality assurance and improvement plan shall also describe the system performance measures, outcome measures, and satisfaction measures that the State must use to monitor and evaluate the self-directed State plan...

2012-10-01

187

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

(b) The quality assurance and improvement plan shall also describe the system performance measures, outcome measures, and satisfaction measures that the State must use to monitor and evaluate the self-directed State plan...

2014-10-01

188

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

(b) The quality assurance and improvement plan shall also describe the system performance measures, outcome measures, and satisfaction measures that the State must use to monitor and evaluate the self-directed State plan...

2013-10-01

189

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(b) The quality assurance and improvement plan shall also describe the system performance measures, outcome measures, and satisfaction measures that the State must use to monitor and evaluate the self-directed State plan...

2010-10-01

190

42 CFR 441.474 - Quality assurance and improvement plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

(b) The quality assurance and improvement plan shall also describe the system performance measures, outcome measures, and satisfaction measures that the State must use to monitor and evaluate the self-directed State plan...

2011-10-01

191

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2013-10-01

192

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2012-10-01

193

Reliability and quality assurance on the MOD 2 wind system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance (R&QA) approach developed for the largest wind turbine generator, the Mod 2, is described. The R&QA approach assures that the machine is not hazardous to the public or to the operating personnel, is operated unattended on a utility grid, demonstrates reliable operation, and helps establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. The significant guideline consisted of a failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) during the design phase, hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation.

Mason, W. E. B.; Jones, B. G.

1981-01-01

194

Modified aerospace reliability and quality assurance method for wind turbines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety, reliability, and quality assurance (SR&QA) approach developed for the first large wind turbine generator project is described. The SR&QA approach was used to assure that the machine would not be hazardous to the public or operating personnel, would operate unattended on a utility grid, would demonstrate reliable operation and would help establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. A modified failure modes and effects analysis during the design phase, minimal hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation were presented.

Klein, W. E.

1980-01-01

195

Assuring Quality in Large-Scale Online Course Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student demand for online education requires colleges and universities to rapidly expand the number of courses and programs offered online while maintaining high quality. This paper outlines two universities respective processes to assure quality in large-scale online programs that integrate instructional design, eBook custom publishing, Quality

Parscal, Tina; Riemer, Deborah

2010-01-01

196

Quality Assurance 9 2004 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT9-1  

E-print Network

monitoring, QA is de- ployed as an integrated system of management activities. These activities involve this process, the pro-ject manager for each environmental program determines the type, amount, and qualityQuality Assurance 9 2004 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT9-1 DRAFT 9.1 QUALITY PROGRAM ELEMENTS

197

Strategic Planning and Quality Assurance in the Bologna Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategic planning and quality management have been developed independently of each other, but they meet in practice in many kinds of organisations. Strategic planning and quality assurance integrate different aspects of higher education institutions (HEIs) to ensure high-quality educational outcomes. This paper investigates the role of these two…

Kettunen, Juha; Kantola, Mauri

2007-01-01

198

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Methods and standards to assure quality of services. 440...260 Methods and standards to assure quality of services. ...description of methods and standards used to assure that services are of high...

2011-10-01

199

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Methods and standards to assure quality of services. 440...260 Methods and standards to assure quality of services. ...description of methods and standards used to assure that services are of high...

2010-10-01

200

[Lot quality assurance sampling: methods and applications in public health].  

PubMed

Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS), developed to meet industrial quality control needs, has been applied to health surveys. The WHO used this method to assess immunization coverage. The sampling strategy was developed to classify lots as acceptable or unacceptable. Lot sampling is an efficient, simple and time-efficient procedure for quality assurance. Under certain conditions, efficiency can be improved with double sampling. We describe the method and its theoretical basis and illustrate applications of LQAS in epidemiological surveillance and quality control of medical records. The advantages and disadvantages of this method are presented. PMID:11011306

Jutand, M; Salamon, R

2000-08-01

201

302:20130613.1452 Quality Assurance Group  

E-print Network

into the quality management system. A focus on continual improvement, regular review, and assessment of the system and software. LASP's quality management philosophy includes the belief that quality and safety is available to help you achieve your quality goals. LASP's approach to quality management is designed around

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

202

A workbook for preparing a district quality- assurance plan for water-quality activities  

USGS Publications Warehouse

APPEARS TO BE A REPORT ON HOW TO WRITE REPORTS --THE 'ABSTRACT' THAT FOLLOWS IS JUST THE GENERIC ABSTRACT TO BE USED FOR WATER USE REPORTS: In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the [State name] District in conducting water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the [State name] District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the District quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and to supplement the [State name] District quality-assurance plan.

Schertz, Terry L.; Childress, Carolyn J.O.; Kelly, Valerie J.; Boucher, Michelle S.; Pederson, Gary L.

1998-01-01

203

The Quality Education Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to implement W. Edwards Deming's Total Quality Management (TQM) principles in education and transform school systems into world-class, quality learning environments have proved somewhat disappointing. This book asserts that educators need a way to translate the ideas about corporate quality for adaptation and use in schools. The "missing…

Downey, Carolyn J.; And Others

204

2011 SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The Software Quality Assurance engineer position was created in fiscal year 2011 to better maintain and improve the quality of the SAPHIRE 8 development program. This year's Software Quality Assurance tasks concentrated on developing the framework of the SQA program. This report reviews the accomplishments and recommendations for each of the subtasks set forth for JCN V6059: (1) Reviews, Tests, and Code Walkthroughs; (2) Data Dictionary; (3) Metrics; (4) Requirements Traceability Matrix; (5) Provide Oversight on SAPHIRE QA Activities; and (6) Support NRC Presentations and Meetings.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

205

The relationship between service customers' quality assurance behaviors, satisfaction, and effort: A cost of quality perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overarching purpose of this article is to deepen understanding of customers' roles in service quality assurance. Customers engage in quality assurance behaviors in attempts to increase their satisfaction and to recover from service failures. The non-monetary costs incurred by customers who engage in these behaviors represent largely overlooked costs of quality that can and should be factored into service

William E. Youngdahl; Deborah L. Kellogg

1997-01-01

206

Quality Assurance in Continuing Vocational Training. Subgroup B. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines developments in continuing vocational training (CVT) in the framework of lifelong learning for all with a particular emphasis on quality assurance (QA). It defines CVT, quality, and QA. The state of the debate on QA in CVT is examined in the European Union countries and partner states. The issue of the "European recognition"…

Colardyn, Danielle

207

Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: The Student Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A major focus of the recent research into the quality of post-secondary education is the centrality of the student experience. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on studies addressing such a focus to shed light on how quality assurance (QA) practices can be improved. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews some…

Law, Dennis Chung Sea

2010-01-01

208

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 31: Quality-Assurance Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

209

On Quantitative Software Quality Assurance Methodologies for Cardiac Pacemakers  

E-print Network

On Quantitative Software Quality Assurance Methodologies for Cardiac Pacemakers Marta Kwiatkowska an overview of ongoing research aimed at providing software quality as- surance methodologies for pacemakers with a variety of heart and pacemaker models. The framework supports a range of quantitative verification

Oxford, University of

210

Quality assurance program for general, nonweapons operations. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The quality assurance program is a total management system that reflects the dynamics of Pinellas Plant operations. This report describes the following: the program overview; personnel training and qualification; quality improvement; documents and records; work processes; design; procurement; inspection and acceptance testing; management assessment; independent assessment; and implementation.

Smith, M.C.

1997-02-24

211

Quality assurance in production of medical devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introducing and development of the quality system at any production or service is necessary assumption to be prosperous in opened market. Special attention has to be devoted to tasks of the quality of medical devices production, because an incidental use of the technical of poor quality product, can be caused of the health loss or can directly endanger the

J. Kuba

2003-01-01

212

A method for evaluating quality assurance needs in radiation therapy.  

PubMed

The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed. PMID:18406920

Huq, M Saiful; Fraass, Benedick A; Dunscombe, Peter B; Gibbons, John P; Ibbott, Geoffrey S; Medin, Paul M; Mundt, Arno; Mutic, Sassa; Palta, Jatinder R; Thomadsen, Bruce R; Williamson, Jeffrey F; Yorke, Ellen D

2008-01-01

213

A Method for Evaluating Quality Assurance Needs in Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed.

Huq, M. Saiful [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)], E-mail: huqs@upmc.edu; Fraass, Benedick A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Dunscombe, Peter B. [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Center, Calgary, AB (Canada); Gibbons, John P. [Department of Medical Physics, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Medin, Paul M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE (United States); Mundt, Arno [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States); Mutic, Sassa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St. Louis, MO (United States); Palta, Jatinder R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States); Yorke, Ellen D. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2008-05-01

214

Improvement of Key Problems of Software Testing in Quality Assurance  

E-print Network

Quality assurance makes sure the project will be completed based on the previously approved specifications, standards and functionality. It is required without defects and possible problems. It monitors and tries to progress the development process from the start of the project. Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is the combination of the entire software development process, which includes software design, coding, source code control, code review, change management, configuration management and release management. In this paper we describe the solution for the key problems of software testing in quality assurance. The existing software practices have some problems such as testing practices, attitude of users and culture of organizations. All these tree problems have some combined problems such as shortcuts in testing, reduction in testing time, poor documentation etc. In this paper we are recommending strategies to provide solution of the said problems mentioned above.

Iqbal, Nayyar

2012-01-01

215

Quality assurance mechanisms for the unregulated research environment.  

PubMed

Discussions on research quality and reproducibility are appearing in the pages of scientific journals with heightened significance and gaining media attention. Many institutions have developed guidelines to address the topic of quality in basic research, but questions remain about how best to implement and monitor compliance. Herein we present quality assurance (QA) mechanisms developed specifically for the unregulated discovery research environment to preempt growing concerns arising in both academia and industry for data-driven applications of biotechnology. PMID:24054820

Riedl, Denise Hanway; Dunn, Michael K

2013-10-01

216

Static and Dynamic Quality Assurance by Aspect Oriented Techniques  

E-print Network

The overall goal of the described research project was to create applicable quality assurance patterns for Java software systems using the aspect-oriented programming language extension AspectJ 5. We tried to develop aspects to check static quality criteria as a variable mutator convention and architectural layering rules. We successfully developed aspects for automating the following dynamic quality criteria: Parameterized Exception Chaining, Comfortable Declaration of Parameterized Exceptions, Not-Null Checking of Reference Variables.

Knabe, Christoph

2010-01-01

217

Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

1993-01-01

218

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS...WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND OTHER...for Quality Systems for Environmental Data Collection and Environmental Technology...

2010-07-01

219

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

220

Quality Assurance in Ontario's Postsecondary Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is generally accepted that Canadian postsecondary education enjoys an international reputation for quality. However, Canada does not have an accepted, national framework to understand, measure, or clearly define the actual quality of the postsecondary education sector. In this, Canada is seen as unique when compared with other developed…

Klassen, Tim

2012-01-01

221

Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software  

E-print Network

there is relatively little published knowledge on the compar- ative benefits in using different assurance techniques and the rising complexity of software in the automobile represent high challenges to the car manufacturers was performed partly when the first and second authors were at TU Munich and the third at BMW. Contact: http

Jurjens, Jan

222

From Quality Assurance to Quality Practices: An Investigation of Strong Microcultures in Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the main beliefs in quality assurance is that this activity--indirectly--will stimulate change in the work practices associated with teaching and learning in higher education. However, few studies have provided empirical evidence of the existence of such a link. Instead, quality assurance has created an unfortunate divide between formal…

Mårtensson, Katarina; Roxå, Torgny; Stensaker, Bjørn

2014-01-01

223

HANDBOOK: QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations for hazardous waste incineration require trial burns by permit applicants. uality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) must accompany a trial burn plan with appropriate quality assurance/quality control procedures. uidance on the prepa...

224

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. The document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic dr...

225

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. he document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic drai...

226

Legacy Management CERCLA Sites. Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

S.M. Stoller Corporation is the contractor for the Technical Assistance Contract (TAC) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) operations. Stoller employs a management system that applies to all programs, projects, and business management systems funded through DOE-LM task orders. The management system incorporates the philosophy, policies, and requirements of health and safety, environmental compliance, and quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of project planning and implementation. Health and safety requirements are documented in the Health and Safety Manual (STO 2), the Radiological Control Manual (STO 3), the Integrated Safety Management System Description (STO 10), and the Drilling Health and Safety Requirements (STO 14). Environmental compliance policy and requirements are documented in the Environmental Management Program Implementation Manual (STO 11). The QA Program is documented in the Quality Assurance Manual (STO 1). The QA Manual (STO 1) implements the specific requirements and philosophy of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This manual also includes the requirements of other standards that are regularly imposed by customers, regulators, or other DOE orders. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 830, “Quality Assurance Requirements,” ANSI/ASQC E4-2004, “Quality Systems for Environmental Data and Technology Programs – Requirements with Guidance for Use,” and ISO 14001-2004, “Environmental Management Systems,” have been included. These standards are similar in content. The intent of the QA Manual (STO 1) is to provide a QA management system that incorporates the requirements and philosophy of DOE and other customers within the QA Manual. Criterion 1, “Quality Assurance Program,” identifies the fundamental requirements for establishing and implementing the QA management system; QA Instruction (QAI) 1.1, “QA Program Implementation,” identifies the TAC organizations that have responsibility for implementing the QA program requirements; and Appendix C of the QA Manual provides comparison tables that identify where the requirements of other standards are addressed in the QA Manual.

None

2007-05-03

227

Quality Assurance Procedures for ModCat Database Code Files  

SciTech Connect

The Quality Assurance procedures used for the initial phase of the Model Catalog Project were developed to attain two objectives, referred to as “basic functionality” and “visualization.” To ensure the Monte Carlo N-Particle model input files posted into the ModCat database meet those goals, all models considered as candidates for the database are tested, revised, and re-tested.

Siciliano, Edward R.; Devanathan, Ram; Guillen, Zoe C.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2014-04-01

228

Radiotherapy quality assurance program in a cooperative group  

Microsoft Academic Search

The radiotherapy quality assurance program at the Rhode Island Hospital Section of Brown University is detailed. The program attempts to assess the uniformity of compliance with the study program so that the results from one institution are comparable to the results of all the other institutions in the cooperative group. In the best situation, results from one study group could

Arvin S. Glicksman; Lawrence E. Reinstein; Daniel McShan; Frances Laurie

1981-01-01

229

Quality assurance, documentation, and peer review by home birth CNMs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unique characteristics of home birth practice for certified nurse-widwives (CNMs) are applied to a quality assurance program. This article explores the multiple purposes, benefits, and elements of documentation as they specifically apply to home birth. The steps of documentation for a home birth practice are outlined and the three current models to consider in setting up positive peer review

M. Elisa Morales; Sandra Maliszewski; Margaret Greenless

1995-01-01

230

Running around in Circles: Quality Assurance Reforms in Georgia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the implementation of a quality assurance system in Georgia as a particular case of "Bologna transplant" in a transitioning country. In particular, the article discusses to what extent new concepts, institutions and models framed as "European" have been institutionalised in Georgia. Based on an outcome…

Jibladze, Elene

2013-01-01

231

Patient dosimetry quality assurance program with a commerical diode system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to evaluate a commercial silicone diode dosimeter for a patient dosimetry quality assurance program. The diode dosimeter was calibrated against an ion chamber, and percentage depth dose, linearity, anisotrophy, virtual source position, and field size factor studies were performed. Correction factors for lack of full scatter medium in the diode entrance and exit dose measurements were acquired.

Plato C. Lee; Joanna M. Sawicka; Glenn P. Glasgow

1994-01-01

232

DISTRIBUTED CONTINUOUS QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCESS FOR EVALUATING QOS OF  

E-print Network

needed for large-scale mission-critical systems since they do not manage software variability effec"JSP-SIU" 2004/12/2 page 1 1 DISTRIBUTED CONTINUOUS QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCESS FOR EVALUATING QOS middleware that forms the basis for scientific computing grids and distributed real-time and embedded systems

Memon, Atif M.

233

DISTRIBUTED CONTINUOUS QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCESS FOR EVALUATING QOS OF  

E-print Network

needed for large-scale mission-critical systems since they do not manage software variability effec"JSP-SIU" 2004/12/19 page 1 1 DISTRIBUTED CONTINUOUS QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCESS FOR EVALUATING QOS middleware that forms the basis for scientific computing grids and distributed real-time and embedded systems

Porter, Adam

234

Quality Assurance as Pedagogy for Academic Forensic Anthropology Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

A surety-based quality assurance program is the hallmark of an efficient and reliable forensic laboratory, as well as a basic requirement for accreditation and\\/or certification. Most forensic laboratories are staffed by professional scientists who have completed their education and training. However, many, if not most, forensic anthropology laboratories are placed in academic institutions in which graduate education is a primary

Michael W. Warren; Traci Van Deest; Kristina Ballard

2011-01-01

235

Higher Education Quality Assurance Organisations in Central and Eastern Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the development of intermediary, or buffer, bodies dealing with quality assurance in higher education in Central and Eastern Europe over the past 10 years. It relates these developments to the context of communist-era centralisation and control, and to more recent interventions by international aid agencies. The lessons that…

Temple, Paul; Billing, David

2003-01-01

236

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It might not have been quite what he had in mind when he said it, but Aristotle was right: good quality assurance must be a habit embedded at every level within higher education, not an isolated occurrence. But even good habits can become mere routine, in danger of being emptied of their original purpose and meaning. Periodically, review and…

McClaran, Anthony

2010-01-01

237

Quality Assurance and Online Searching: Empowering the Searcher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1982, the Quality Assurance Committee of the New England Online Users Group (NENON) has focused on communicating online searchers' problems to system vendors and database producers, primarily by distributing check-off and fill-in-the-blank forms to NENON members, collecting and tabulating the forms, and forwarding them to the vendors and…

Chitty, Mary; Gelb, Linda

238

Australian Indigenous Perspectives on Quality Assurance in Children's Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government has recently committed to the development of an integrated system of assuring national quality standards for Australian childcare and preschool services (Australian Government, 2008). This article addresses two fundamental issues relating to the development of an integrated system as it applies to Indigenous children's…

Hutchins, Teresa; Frances, Katie; Saggers, Sherry

2009-01-01

239

Near Facility Environmental Monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the preoperational and near-facility environmental monitoring directed by Waste Management Technical Services and supersedes HNF-EP-0538-4. This plan applies to all sampling and monitoring activities performed by Waste Management Technical Services in implementing near-facility environmental monitoring at the Hanford Site. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is required by U.S. Department of Energy Order 5400.1 (DOE 1990) as a part of the Environmental Monitoring Plan (DOE-RL 1997) and is used to define: Environmental measurement and sampling locations used to monitor environmental contaminants near active and inactive facilities and waste storage and disposal sites; Procedures and equipment needed to perform the measurement and sampling; Frequency and analyses required for each measurement and sampling location; Minimum detection level and accuracy; Quality assurance components; and Investigation levels. Near-facility environmental monitoring for the Hanford Site is conducted in accordance with the requirements of U.S. Department of Energy Orders 5400.1 (DOE 1990), 5400.5 (DOE 1993), 5484.1 (DOE 1990), and 435.1 (DOE 1999), and DOE/EH-O173T (DOE 1991). It is Waste Management Technical Services' objective to manage and conduct near-facility environmental monitoring activities at the Hanford Site in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner that is in compliance with the letter and spirit of these regulations and other environmental regulations, statutes, and standards.

MCKINNEY, S.M.

2000-05-01

240

An approach to software quality assurance for robotic inspection systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software quality assurance (SQA) for robotic systems used in nuclear waste applications is vital to ensure that these systems operate safely and reliably and pose a minimum risk to the environment. This paper describes the approach to be taken for SQA for the control and data acquisition system for a robotic system that is being developed for remote surveillance and

Kiebel

1993-01-01

241

WET DEPOSITION AND SNOWPACK MONITORING OPERATIONS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE MANUAL  

EPA Science Inventory

The manual (user's guide) describes the quality assurance plan and operations protocols for a comparative study of snow collection instruments being conducted on Mt. Evans. Instruments to be compared include the Aerochem Metrics Model 301 wet/dry deposition collector, the Belfort...

242

Quality Assurance and Gender Discrimination in English Universities: An Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper argues that university quality assurance (QA) promotes a masculinist culture leading to systemic discrimination against female academics. The analysis relates to the question of what it is about academic life that results in persistent gender inequality. Based on an ethnographically informed comparative study, textual/discourse…

Smith, Jayne

2008-01-01

243

GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

244

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must...

245

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must use Q...

246

Quality assurance report. EMAP, Virginian province, 1990-1993  

SciTech Connect

The report documents the results of Quality Assurance activities conducted in conjunction with sampling performed by EPA`s Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program`s Estuaries study (EMAP-Estuaries) in the Virginian Province from 1990 through 1993. This report discusses the results of Quality Assurance activities by indicator, data qualifier flags, data quality, and, where appropriate, discuss lessons learned, and proposes changes or solutions to improve data quality. A total of 446 Base Sampling Sites were scheduled for sampling over this period. Twenty one stations were eliminated due to inadequate water depth or logistical concerns. Some significant problems were encountered in the chemical analysis of sediment samples resulting in the deletion of some data from the database. The specific problems and a discussion of the data deleted or qualified are included in this report.

Strobel, C.J.; Valente, R.M.; Keith, D.; Summers, K.; LiVolsi, J.

1995-09-01

247

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

248

SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance Software Metrics Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review of software metrics is to examine the quality of the metrics gathered in the 2010 IV&V and to set an outline for results of updated metrics runs to be performed. We find from the review that the maintenance of accepted quality standards presented in the SAPHIRE 8 initial Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) of April, 2010 is most easily achieved by continuing to utilize the tools used in that effort while adding a metric of bug tracking and resolution. Recommendations from the final IV&V were to continue periodic measurable metrics such as McCabe's complexity measure to ensure quality is maintained. The four software tools used to measure quality in the IV&V were CodeHealer, Coverage Validator, Memory Validator, Performance Validator, and Thread Validator. These are evaluated based on their capabilities. We attempted to run their latest revisions with the newer Delphi 2010 based SAPHIRE 8 code that has been developed and was successful with all of the Validator series of tools on small tests. Another recommendation from the IV&V was to incorporate a bug tracking and resolution metric. To improve our capability of producing this metric, we integrated our current web reporting system with the SpiraTest test management software purchased earlier this year to track requirements traceability.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-08-01

249

Quality assurance of exhaust emissions test data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tight requirements posed by the increasingly stringent legislation complicate the design procedure for exhaust aftertreatment devices and systems. Since design optimization relies heavily on experiments and tests, emissions test data acquisition should comply with strict quality standards. Time-varying exhaust emission measurements incorporate a wealth of information stemming from the engine type, its fuel injection and ignition management and valve timing

G Konstantas; A Stamatelos

2004-01-01

250

Quality Assurance in the German School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whereas internationally the shift towards quality control of school systems started in the early 1980s, mainly promoted by transnational agencies, this development only began in Germany in the mid 1990s. However, a clear-cut change from an input-controlled and centralised to a more output-controlled, decentralised and deregulated supervision…

Huber, Stephan Gerhard; Gordel, Bettina

2006-01-01

251

Error reduction and quality assurance in obstetrics.  

PubMed

This article outlines an approach to improve patient safety in obstetrics and gynecology, with the goal to reduce errors in labor and delivery. Every institution should create guidelines and provide education and training to address potential safety issues such as fetal heart rate pattern interpretation, induction and stimulation of labor, vaginal birth after cesarean, magnesium sulfate, shoulder dystocia, hemorrhage, forceps/vacuum, and thromboembolic disease. This article discusses the patient safety objectives published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Quality Improvement and Patient Safety; the National Patient Safety Goals, which are regularly established by the Joint Committee on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations; and patient safety indicators developed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. PMID:17765496

Grunebaum, Amos

2007-09-01

252

Technical aspects of quality assurance in radiation oncology  

PubMed Central

The technical aspects of quality assurance (QA) in radiation oncology as practice in the United States will be reviewed and updated in the spirit of offering the experience to the radiation oncology communities in the Asia-Pacific region. The word “technical” is used to express the organisational components or processes and not the materials within the QA program. A comprehensive QA program in radiation oncology will have an official statement declaring the quality plan for effective patient care services it provides in a document. The QA program will include all aspects of patient care: physical, clinical, and medical aspects of the services. The document will describe the organisational structure, responsibilities, checks and procedures, and resources allocated to ensure the successful implementation of the quality of patient management. Regulatory guidelines and guidelines from accreditation agencies should be incorporated in the QA program to ensure compliance. The organisational structure will have a multidisciplinary QA committee that has the authority to evaluate continuously the effectiveness of the QA program to provide prompt corrective recommendations and to request feedback as needed to monitor the response. The continuous monitoring aspects require meetings to be held at regular intervals with the minutes of the meetings officially recorded and documented. To ensure that a QA program is effective, the program itself should be audited for quality at regular intervals at least annually. It has been recognised that the current QA program has not kept abreast with the rapid implementation of new and advanced radiation therapy technologies with the most recent in image-based radiation therapy technology. The societal bodies (ASTRO and AAPM) and federal agency (NCI) acknowledge this inadequacy and have held workshops to address this issue. The challenges for the societal bodies and federal agency are numerous that include (a) the prescriptive methodology used may not be appropriate for currently implemented new technologies, (b) resources are becoming scarce, (c) advanced radiation therapy technologies have been introduced too rapidly, (d) advances in radiation therapy technologies have become too sophisticated and specialised with each therapy modality having its own separate set of equipment, for example its own dose planning software, computer system and dose delivery systems requiring individualised QA procedures. At the present time, industrial engineers are being recruited to assist in devising a methodology that is broad-based and more process-oriented risk-based formulation of QA in radiation oncology. PMID:21611011

Saw, CB; Ferenci, MS; Wanger, H

2008-01-01

253

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2011-07-01

254

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2012-07-01

255

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

... 2014-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2014-07-01

256

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2013-07-01

257

APPLICATION OF SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES TO ENVIORNMENTAL RESEARCH INVOLVING SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

As EPA’s environmental research expands into new areas that involve the development of software, quality assurance concepts and procedures that were originally developed for environmental data collection may not be appropriate. Fortunately, software quality assurance is a ...

258

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 17.508 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records and documents within the...

2013-07-01

259

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 17.508 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records and documents within the...

2012-07-01

260

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

...Section 17.508 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality of Healthcare Quality Assurance Review Records § 17.508 Access to quality assurance records and documents within the...

2014-07-01

261

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR DRINKING WATER LABORATORIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Soon after the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) was formed in 1972, agency administrators realized that in order to make appropriate decisions for environmental regulation, they must be assured that data being generated by the agency and the 50 states were valid and leg...

262

UMTRA project technical assistance contractor quality assurance implementation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Technical Assistance contractor (TAC) Quality Assurance Implementation Plan (QAIP) outlines the primary requirements for integrating quality functions for TAC technical activities applied to the surface and ground water phases of the UMTRA Project. The QAIP is subordinate to the latest issue of the UMTRA Project TAC Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) (DOE, 1993a), which was developed using US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5700.6C quality assurance (QA) criteria. The QAIP addresses technical aspects of the TAC UMTRA Project surface and ground water programs. All QA issues in the QAIP shall comply with requirements contained in the TAC QAPP (DOE, 1933a). Because industry standards for data acquisition and data control are not addressed in DOE Order 5700.6C, the QAIP has been formatted to the 14 US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) QA requirements. DOE Order 5700.6C criteria that are not contained in the CERCLA requirements are added to the QAIP as additional requirements in Sections 15.0 through 18.0. Project documents that contain CERCLA requirements and 5700.6 criteria shall be referenced in this document to avoid duplication. Referenced documents are not included in this QAIP but are available through the UMTRA Project Document Control Center.

Not Available

1994-03-01

263

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government...

2011-10-01

264

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government...

2010-10-01

265

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, Volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2013-07-01

266

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2011-07-01

267

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2010-07-01

268

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, Volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2014-07-01

269

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 58 - Quality Assurance Requirements for SLAMS, SPMs and PSD Air Monitoring  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems”, volume...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume 1...Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems, Volume...

2012-07-01

270

Lecture 1:Lecture 1: Introduction toIntroduction to Software Quality AssuranceSoftware Quality Assurance  

E-print Network

://www.ciise.concordia.ca/~bentahar/inse6260.html Lecture notes Assignment Useful links Useful information Printed with FinePrint - purchase Assurance Inspection Testing Techniques Factors and Models Specification Language Reachability Analysis 8 individual/group assignment 15% (Two parts: Technical part + Synthesis part) One in-class midterm exam

Bentahar, Jamal

271

An In-Depth Study on the Impact of External Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After more than two decades of external quality assurance, there is an increasing interest in questions concerning the impact and effects of this activity. Following an external evaluation of NOKUT--the Norwegian quality assurance agency, this article studies the impact of external quality assurance in detail by analysing quantitative and…

Stensaker, Bjorn; Langfeldt, Liv; Harvey, Lee; Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don

2011-01-01

272

The Introduction of External Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education: An Analysis of Stakeholder Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the take-up of proposals for a national quality assurance system in South Africa using different approaches to quality assurance to classify stakeholder responses to survey and interview questions. The context of the study was the introduction of an external quality assurance system for South African higher education by an…

Luckett, Kathy

2007-01-01

273

Regulatory Intermediation and Quality Assurance in Higher Education: The Case of the Auditors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper takes the external quality assurance of English universities and colleges as an example of regulation in higher education as undertaken by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA). Regulatory scholarship generally has been largely disinterested in higher education and the paper applies a "regulatory lens" to higher education quality assurance.…

King, Roger; Griffiths, Paul; Williams, Ruth

2007-01-01

274

External Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Making Choices. Fundamentals of Educational Planning 85  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet aims to provide policy advice and support to decision-makers and managers in the area of quality assurance in higher education. In order to do so, the authors describe and discuss major issues that decision-makers in charge of quality assurance need to consider for the creation or development of an external quality assurance (EQA)…

Martin, Michaela; Stella, Antony

2007-01-01

275

Effluent monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan for radioactive airborne emissions data. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for compiling Hanford Site radioactive airborne emissions data. These data will be reported to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the US Department of Energy, and the Washington State Department of Health. Effluent Monitoring performs compliance assessments on radioactive airborne sampling and monitoring systems. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared in compliance with interim guidelines and specifications. Topics include: project description; project organization and management; quality assurance objectives; sampling procedures; sample custody; calibration procedures; analytical procedures; monitoring and reporting criteria; data reduction, verification, and reporting; internal quality control; performance and system audits; corrective actions; and quality assurance reports.

Frazier, T.P.

1995-12-01

276

Lot quality assurance sampling: single- and double-sampling plans.  

PubMed

Lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) was originally developed for industrial applications. This article discusses the extension of its application to a public health setting. When resources must be allocated to several communities based on whether or not each exceeds a target proportion of members with a characteristic, a sampling scenario arises which is different to the standard parameter estimation scenario. LQAS is an efficient procedure for sampling in this instance. Under certain conditions, double sampling may further enhance the efficiency of an LQAS plan. LQAS is discussed and illustrated by examples, and the theoretical foundations of single and double lot quality assurance sampling are presented. Examples of sample size and critical value tables are also presented. PMID:1949879

Lemeshow, S; Taber, S

1991-01-01

277

The feasibility of barcode-based dispensing quality assurance programs.  

PubMed

A study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of using barcodes in an outpatient pharmacy quality assurance program. In the first step of this study, adhesive labels containing a barcode representation of the National Drug Code (NDC) identification for the hospital's formulary medications were printed for each stock bottle or drug package used in dispensing. When an outpatient prescription was presented to the pharmacist, a label containing a barcode representation of the NDC identification for the prescribed medication was generated on-line and attached to the back of the prescription form. After the prescription item was filled by the pharmacist, an automated check was performed with a scanning wand by comparing the barcode on the prescription with the previously generated barcode on the stock bottle or drug packaging. A match indicated that the correct medication had been dispensed. Elaborations on this basic automated system for a barcode-based dispensing quality assurance program are suggested. PMID:6692748

Hokanson, J A; Guernsey, B G; Bryant, S G; Doutré, W H; Ingrim, N B; Grant, J A; Galvan, E

1984-01-01

278

Lot quality assurance sampling to monitor supplemental immunization activity quality: an essential tool for improving performance in polio endemic countries.  

PubMed

Monitoring the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) is a key tool for polio eradication. Regular monitoring data, however, are often unreliable, showing high coverage levels in virtually all areas, including those with ongoing virus circulation. To address this challenge, lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) was introduced in 2009 as an additional tool to monitor SIA quality. Now used in 8 countries, LQAS provides a number of programmatic benefits: identifying areas of weak coverage quality with statistical reliability, differentiating areas of varying coverage with greater precision, and allowing for trend analysis of campaign quality. LQAS also accommodates changes to survey format, interpretation thresholds, evaluations of sample size, and data collection through mobile phones to improve timeliness of reporting and allow for visualization of campaign quality. LQAS becomes increasingly important to address remaining gaps in SIA quality and help focus resources on high-risk areas to prevent the continued transmission of wild poliovirus. PMID:25316852

Brown, Alexandra E; Okayasu, Hiromasa; Nzioki, Michael M; Wadood, Mufti Z; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Quddus, Arshad; Walker, George; Sutter, Roland W

2014-11-01

279

An approach to software quality assurance for robotic inspection systems  

SciTech Connect

Software quality assurance (SQA) for robotic systems used in nuclear waste applications is vital to ensure that the systems operate safely and reliably and pose a minimum risk to humans and the environment. This paper describes the SQA approach for the control and data acquisition system for a robotic system being developed for remote surveillance and inspection of underground storage tanks (UST) at the Hanford Site.

Kiebel, G.R.

1993-10-01

280

National Ignition Facility Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a key constituent of the Department of Energy`s Stockpile Stewardship Program. The NIF will use inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to produce ignition and energy gain in ICF targets, and will perform weapons physics and high-energy- density experiments in support of national security and civilian objectives. The NIF Project is a national facility involving the collaboration of several DOE laboratories and subcontractors, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR/LLE). The primary mission of the NIF Project is the construction and start-up operation of laser-based facilities that will demonstrate fusion ignition in the laboratory to provide nuclear-weapons-related physics data, and secondarily, to propagate fusion burn aimed at developing a potential source of civilian energy. To support the accomplishment of this very important mission, the LLNL Laser Directorate created the NIF Project Office to organize and bring about the Project. The NIF Project Office has established this Quality Assurance Program to ensure its success. This issue of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) adds the requirements for the conduct of Title 11 design, construction, procurement, and Title III engineering. This QAPP defines and describes the program-the management system-for specifying, achieving, and assuring the quality of all NIF Project work consistent with the policies of the Laboratory and the Laser Directorate.

Wolfe, C.R.; Yatabe, J.

1996-09-01

281

MoniQA: a general approach to monitor quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

MoniQA ("Monitor Quality Assurance") is a new, non-commercial, independent quality assurance software application developed in our medical physics team. It is a complete Java TM - based modular environment for the evaluation of radiological viewing devices and it thus fits in the global quality assurance network of our (film less) radiology department. The purpose of the software tool is to guide the medical physicist through an acceptance protocol and the radiologist through a constancy check protocol by presentation of the necessary test patterns and by automated data collection. Data are then sent to a central management system for further analysis. At the moment more than 55 patterns have been implemented, which can be grouped in schemes to implement protocols (i.e. AAPMtg18, DIN and EUREF). Some test patterns are dynamically created and 'drawn' on the viewing device with random parameters as is the case in a recently proposed new pattern for constancy testing. The software is installed on 35 diagnostic stations (70 monitors) in a film less radiology department. Learning time was very limited. A constancy check -with the new pattern that assesses luminance decrease, resolution problems and geometric distortion- takes only 2 minutes and 28 seconds per monitor. The modular approach of the software allows the evaluation of new or emerging test patterns. We will report on the software and its usability: practicality of the constancy check tests in our hospital and on the results from acceptance tests of viewing stations for digital mammography.

Jacobs, J.; Deprez, T.; Marchal, G.; Bosmans, H.

2006-03-01

282

NOTE: Comprehensive quality assurance for stereotactic radiosurgery treatments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have used a commercially available high precision LucyTM phantom to perform comprehensive quality assurance for stereotactic radiosurgery treatments. The quantitative evaluation of system uncertainties included imaging, planning and treatment delivery systems. The quality assurance tests showed that the well-defined targets were identified to within +/-1 mm in all the imaging modalities. The pre-known target volumes were reproduced within 2 cm3 in both MR and CT. The planned target was delivered within 2% of the prescribed dose and to within 2 mm accuracy. The inaccuracy in the isocentre position at the Linac was less than 1.2 mm. The maximum error observed in the depth helmet was 0.5 mm and the overall uncertainty was within 0.23 mm. We have also established a quality assurance program based on the study and proposed the tolerance and the frequency of the tests required to be carried out. The tests were carried out using a Radionics planning system and delivered on a Varian Clinac 2100 linear accelerator machine. These tests also established a base line for future comparisons.

Ramaseshan, R.; Heydarian, M.

2003-07-01

283

Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research  

SciTech Connect

How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1990-04-12

284

Quality measures and assurance for AI (Artificial Intelligence) software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is concerned with the application of software quality and evaluation measures to AI software and, more broadly, with the question of quality assurance for AI software. Considered are not only the metrics that attempt to measure some aspect of software quality, but also the methodologies and techniques (such as systematic testing) that attempt to improve some dimension of quality, without necessarily quantifying the extent of the improvement. The report is divided into three parts Part 1 reviews existing software quality measures, i.e., those that have been developed for, and applied to, conventional software. Part 2 considers the characteristics of AI software, the applicability and potential utility of measures and techniques identified in the first part, and reviews those few methods developed specifically for AI software. Part 3 presents an assessment and recommendations for the further exploration of this important area.

Rushby, John

1988-01-01

285

A comprehensive framework for quality assurance in clinical trials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomarkers captured by medical images are increasingly used as indicators for the efficacy or safety of a certain drug or treatment for clinical trials. For example, medical images such as CT or MR are often used for extracting quantitative measurements for the assessment of tumor treatment response while evaluating a chemotherapy drug for therapeutic cancer trials. Quality assurance is defined as "All those planned and systematic actions that are established to ensure that the trial is performed and the data are generated, documented (recorded), and reported in compliance with good clinical practice (GCP) and the applicable regulatory requirement(s)" [1]. Our objective is to build a generalized and an automated framework for quality assurance within the clinical trials workflow. In order to reach this goal, a set of standardized software tools have been developed for quality assurance. Furthermore, we outline some guidelines as recommendations for the users handling the image data within the research workflow. The software tools developed include tools for image selection, image pseudonymization and image quality conformance check. The export tools are developed based on the specifications of the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Teaching and Clinical Trial Export (TCE) profile. A DICOM-based quality conformance approach has been developed by validating the DICOM header attributes required for a certain imaging application (e.g. CAD, MPR, 3D) and comparing imaging acquisition parameters against the protocol specification. A formal description language is used to represent such quality requirements. For evaluation, imaging data collected from a clinical trial site were validated against Multi-Planar Reconstruction (MPR). We found that out of 60 studies, about 30% of image series volumes failed the MPR check for some common reasons.

El Gazzar, Omar; Onken, Michael; Eichelberg, Marco; Hein, Andreas; Kotter, Elmar

2012-02-01

286

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) quality assurance expert systems development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) expert system prototypes were developed to assist in the quality assurance of Spacelab and/or Attached Shuttle Payload (ASP) processed telemetry data. The SLDPF functions include the capturing, quality monitoring, processing, accounting, and forwarding of mission data to various user facilities. Prototypes for the two SLDPF functional elements, the Spacelab Output Processing System and the Spacelab Input Processing Element, are described. The prototypes have produced beneficial results including an increase in analyst productivity, a decrease in the burden of tedious analyses, the consistent evaluation of data, and the providing of concise historical records.

Kelly, Angelita C.; Basile, Lisa; Ames, Troy; Watson, Janice; Dallam, William

1987-01-01

287

Challenges of assuring crew safety in space shuttle missions with international cargoes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The top priority in America's manned space flight program is the assurance of crew and vehicle safety. This priority gained greater focus during and after the Space Shuttle return-to-flight mission (STS-26). One of the interesting challenges has been to assure crew safety and adequate protection of the Space Shuttle, as a national resource, from increasingly diverse cargoes and operations. The

C. Vongsouthy; P. A Stenger-Nguyen; H. V. Nguyen; P. H Nguyen; M. C Huang; R. G Alexander

2004-01-01

288

Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data  

SciTech Connect

This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

RA Peppler; KE Kehoe; KL Sonntag; CP Bahrmann; SJ Richardson; SW Christensen; RA McCord; DJ Doty; R Wagener; RC Eagan; JC Lijegren; BW Orr; DL Sisterson; TD Halter; NN Keck; CN Long; MC Macduff; JH Mather; RC Perez; JW Voyles; MD Ivey; ST Moore; DL Nitschke; BD Perkins; DD Turner

2008-03-01

289

Design and quality assurance for solid recovered fuel.  

PubMed

This contribution describes the processing and the quality assurance of solid recovered fuel (SRF) that is increasingly used in a wide range of co-incineration plants. As an example, the preparation of municipal, commercial and industrial wastes for recovering of two different specifications of waste fuels (i.e. primary burner fuel and hot disc fuel used in cement industry) is reported and the multiple stage processing scheme used in SRF production is presented as well as the quality of SRF obtained. It will be shown, that removing of metals and sorting out of unwanted inert materials like stones, glass and concrete only after disintegration of the waste matrix during several crushing and separation steps can be carried out efficiently. In the following chapters, the quality assurance of SRF is demonstrated and described by using two different scenarios (i.e. different sizes of waste streams with different particle sizes, delivered to a cement plant by walking floor trucks). Based on CEN/TS-guidelines for SRF as well as national norms (ÖNORM), two sampling procedures and sample preparation schemes are elaborated for the scenarios and own practical experiences in quality assessment of heterogeneous waste fuels are reported. Finally, references are given on new, innovative laboratory equipment like cutting mills with attached cyclones and a mobile, hand-sized XRF-instrument for fast identification of extraneous materials removed from the laboratory sample prior to chemical analysis. PMID:22504629

Lorber, Karl E; Sarc, Renato; Aldrian, Alexia

2012-04-01

290

Beta planar source quality assurance with the Fricke xylenol gel dosimeter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beta therapy is employed in post surgery to treat lesions such as pterygia, keloid and glioblastoma. The beta source most used for these purposes is 90/90Y, whose quality assurance is a challenge, because the detectors currently used for this evaluation do not satisfy the spatial resolution, the effective atomic number and the tissue equivalent conditions. The Fricke xylenol gel (FXG) has been used in several applications in radiotherapy due to its better characteristics. This dosimeter is associated with the Fe(II) to Fe(III) oxidation, post ionizing irradiation, being the final Fe(III) concentration linearly depended on the absorbed dose. The goal of this present work is to show that the FXG, with atomic effective number (Zeff) of 7.75 and high resolution (<1 mm), accomplishes quality assurance for rectangular and square planar 90Sr/90Y sources. In order to demonstrate the quality assurance, calibration curves, percentage depth dose and beam profile from exposed FXG samples were analyzed and from these results, we demonstrate the potential use of the FXG dosimeter for beta source quality control.

Alva-Sánchez, Mirko S.; de Oliveira, Lucas N.; Petchevist, Paulo C.; Moreira, Marco V.; de Almeida, Adelaide

2014-03-01

291

Higher Education Quality in Kenya: A Critical Reflection of Key Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the unique challenges facing Kenya's public higher education institutions. It explores the struggle to develop quality and quality assurance mechanisms against a background of rapidly diminishing income, brain drain, political interference and the negative aspects of globalisation. The challenges have consequently led to a…

Odhiambo, George O.

2011-01-01

292

[Quality of vocational education in speech therapy - development and implementation of a quality assurance programme].  

PubMed

The provision of high-quality health-services is only possible if it is based on vocational education of corresponding quality. To promote the quality of vocational education in speech therapy, a quality assurance programme was developed in a scientifically supervised multi-step process. The main goals of the quality assurance programme include: (i) external review of the quality of education by means of well-defined criteria, (ii) certification of schools that meet the requirements, and (iii) provision of feedback to schools about their results. A total of 208 quality indicators cover the essential aspects of vocational education in speech therapy, and apply to the structural, process and outcome quality. These indicators are based on a literature survey as well as on expert opinion, and are calibrated by data. The data are collected by using questionnaires (school management, teachers in speech therapy, students, consecutive patient sample) and are validated by specific document analyses and telephone audits. Each school receives an individual quality report of its achieved results benchmarked to other schools. Since the initial implementation in 2008, a total of 50 schools participated in the quality assurance programme and 41 achieved certification. Therefore, the defined set of quality criteria has been disseminated and utilized by about half of all German schools for vocational education in speech therapy. The evaluation of the data on quality collected across all schools highlights the strengths and weaknesses of vocational education as well as the demands for quality improvement. PMID:24459001

Ullrich, A; Kawski, S; Koch, U; Härter, M

2014-12-01

293

Quality assurance in psychiatry: quality indicators and guideline implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many occasions, routine mental health care does not correspond to the standards that the medical profession itself puts\\u000a forward. Hope exists to improve the outcome of severe mental illness by improving the quality of mental health care and by\\u000a implementing evidence-based consensus guidelines. Adherence to guideline recommendations should reduce costly complications\\u000a and unnecessary procedures. To measure the quality of

T. Wobrock; S. Weinmann; P. Falkai; W. Gaebel

2009-01-01

294

Quality assurance in operating a multielement ICP emission spectrometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the industrial laboratory environment, quality assurance in the operation of a multielement inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometer (ICPES) must often be entrusted to laboratory technicians with little or no technical background in spectrochemical analysis. Therefore, to be successful, a quality assurance program must be reduced to a simple, routine practice. Essential components of the quality assurance program described in this paper are (1) An atom-to-ion emission intensity ratio for multielement optimization and for reproducing optimum analysis conditions. (2) A concise, easily applied specification for sensitivity and for precision. (3) A regimen for monitoring of, and correcting for, calibration and background drift. (4) A set of comprehensive spectral interference calibrations maintained using the emission intensity ratio. (5) A high resolution spectrometer for minimizing spectral interferences. (6) A program of long term performance monitoring and maintenance/record keeping. Each of these components is described in detail. Adherence to this program enhances analytical reliability by helping to ensure that raw concentrations are generated consistently under optimum instrumental conditions, and that corrections for spectral interferences are applied accurately even though interference calibrations may be several months old. The importance of adequate resolution and the proper choice of positions for off-line background measurements is borne out by a detailed study of the determination of toxic trace elements in National Bureau of Standards fly ash samples. As, Be, Cd, Pb, Sb, and Se were determined accurately without isolation/preconcentration from the aluminosilicate matrix. Several determinations required corrections for residual spectral interferences amounting to 100-500% of the resultant concentration, underscoring the accuracy of the interference correction procedures.

Botto, Robert I.

295

Digital intraoral radiographic quality assurance and control in private practice.  

PubMed

At present, the American Dental Association and the American Academy of Oral Maxillofacial Radiology have guidelines for the dental environment that include quality assurance and control of film-based radiography. Approximately 19%-30% of US dental offices currently use some form of digital intraoral radiography, and growth is expected to continue. It is anticipated that new tools and guidelines will be needed to aid in the development of quality assurance (QA) and control of digital intraoral radiographic images. Working with a representative sample of private practice dental offices, this study examined and evaluated the entire digital intraoral radiographic system used in each operatory. The X-ray machine was tested for equipment performance and accuracy, and the computer monitor calibration was evaluated and adjusted as needed. The results confirm the continued need for updated QA procedures in the dental office that include digital X-ray imaging. By implementing these changes and practices, dentists should be able to improve the diagnostic quality of radiographs while reducing the radiation exposure of the patient. PMID:25184710

Walker, Timothy F; Mah, Peter; Dove, S Brent; McDavid, W Doss

2014-01-01

296

Evaluating the Reliability and Impact of a Quality Assurance System for E-Learning Courseware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuring e-learning quality is of interest worldwide. This paper introduces the methods of e-learning courseware quality assurance (a quality certification system) adopted by the eLQSC (e-Learning Quality Service Centre) in Taiwan. A sequential/explanatory design with a mixed methodology was used to gather research data and conduct data analyses.…

Sung, Yao-Ting; Chang, Kuo-En; Yu, Wen-Cheng

2011-01-01

297

Quality assurance procedures for V378A matrix resin  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A characterization methodology has been developed on which to base quality assurance procedures for U.S. Polymeric V378A bismaleimide matrix resin. Chemical composition is established by partition reverse phase and size exclusion liquid chromatography. Cure rheology behavior is quantitatively characterized by dynamic viscoelastic analysis using the parallel plate technique. The overall cure process is characterized by differential scanning calorimetry. The sensitivity of the procedures is evaluated by studying the effects of ambient out time on the chemical end behaviorial properties of the resin.

Hamermesh, C. L.; Dynes, P. J.

1985-01-01

298

Fabrication and quality assurance processes for superhybrid composite fan blades  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of fabricating full-scale fan blades from superhybrid composites (SHC) for use large, commercial gas turbine engines was evaluated. The type of blade construction selected was a metal-spar/SHC-shell configuration, in which the outer shell was adhesively bonded to a short, internal, titanium spar. Various aspects of blade fabrication, inspection, and quality assurance procedures developed in the investigation are described. It is concluded that the SHC concept is feasible for the fabrication of prototype, full-scale, metal-spar/SHC-shell fan blades that have good structural properties and meet dimensional requirements.

Lark, R. F.; Chamis, C. C.

1983-01-01

299

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices for Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued, including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of reha...

300

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 14: Introduction to Quality Assurance/Quality Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Technical Education Research Center, Waco, TX.

301

COMMUNITY MULTISCALE AIR QUALITY ( CMAQ ) MODEL - QUALITY ASSURANCE AND VERSION CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will be given to the EPA Exposure Modeling Workgroup on January 24, 2006. The quality assurance and version control procedures for the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model are presented. A brief background of CMAQ is given, then issues related to qual...

302

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices For Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of rehab...

303

Development and Testing of a Nuclear Quality Assurance/Quality Control Technician Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to field test selected first- and second-year courses in a postsecondary nuclear quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) technician curriculum and to develop the teaching/learning modules for seven technical specialty courses remaining in the QA/QC technician curriculum. The field testing phase of the project involved the…

Espy, John; And Others

304

UMTRA technical assistance contractor Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 4  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides the primary requirements for the integration of quality functions into all Technical Assistance Contractor (TAC) Project organization activities. The QAPP is the written directive authorized by the TAC Program Manager to accomplish this task and to implement procedures that provide the controls and sound management practices needed to ensure TAC contractual obligations are met. The QA program is designed to use monitoring, audit, and surveillance functions as management tools to ensure that all Project organization functions are executed in a manner that will protect public health and safety, promote the success of the Project, and meet or exceed contract requirements. The key to ensuring compliance with this directive is a two-step professional approach: utilize the quality system in all areas of activity, and generate a personal commitment from all personnel to provide quality service. The quality staff will be experienced, trained professionals capable of providing maximum flexibility to Project goal attainment. Such flexibility will enable the staff to be more cost effective and to further improve communication and coordination. To provide control details, this QAPP will be supplemented by approved standard operating procedures that provide requirements for performing the various TAC quality-related activities. These procedures shall describe applicable design input and document control activities and documentation.

Pehrson, P.

1993-10-12

305

The TAR model: use of therapeutic state transitions for quality assurance reporting in chronic disease management.  

PubMed

Chronic disease management represents one of the challenges for health informatics and demands the appropriate application of information technology for improved patient care. This paper presents an approach to quality assurance reporting wherein the recommendations of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines are considered in the context of empirical therapeutic state-transitions (in terms of changes in individual patient prescriptions over time). We apply a Transition-based Audit Report (TAR) model to antihypertensive prescribing and related data as stored in a New Zealand General Practice Management System database. The results provide a set of quality indicators and specific patient cohorts for potential practice quality improvement with strong linkage to the selected guidelines and observed practice patterns. We see the TAR model primarily as a tool to enable internal quality improvement efforts, but also to be of relevance for focusing pay-for-performance programs. PMID:17911839

Gaikwad, R; Warren, J; Kenealy, T

2007-01-01

306

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage, and disposal of liquid and solid wastes generated at the Hanford Site as well as those wastes received from other US Department of Energy (DOE) and non-DOE sites. WMH operations include the Low-Level Burial Grounds, Central Waste Complex (a mixed-waste storage complex), a nonradioactive dangerous waste storage facility, the Transuranic Storage Facility, T Plant, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facility, 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, the 242-A Evaporator, 300 Area Treatment Effluent Disposal Facility, the 340 Facility (a radioactive liquid waste handling facility), 222-S Laboratory, the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford TRU Waste Program.

VOLKMAN, D.D.

1999-10-27

307

Integrated quality assurance for assembly and testing of complex structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern production processes are directed by properties of the components to be manufactured. These components have different sizes, functionalities, high assembly complexity and high security requirements. The increasing requirements during the manufacturing of complex products like cars and aircrafts demand new solutions for the quality assurance - especially for the production at different places. The main focus is to find a measurement strategy that is cost effective, flexible and adaptive. That means a clear definition of the measurement problem, the measurement with adapted resolution, the data preparation and evaluation and support during measurement and utilisation of the results directly in the production. In this paper we describe flexible measurement devices on example of three different techniques: fringe projection, fringe reflection and shearography. These techniques allow the detection of surface and subsurface defects like bumps, dents and delaminations with high resolution. The defects can be optically mapped onto the object's surface. Results are demonstrated with big components taken from automotive and aircraft production. We will point out the most important adaptations of the systems to realize miniaturized, robust and mobile devices for the quality assurance in an industrial environment. Additionally the implementation into a Mobile Maintenance and Control structure is demonstrated.

von Kopylow, Christoph; Bothe, Thorsten; Elandaloussi, Frank; Kalms, Michael; Jüptner, Werner

2005-11-01

308

Solid State Detectors for Quality Assurance in Brachytherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of the low energy of photon or beta radioactive sources currently used for modern techniques of brachytherapy, and the high dose gradient existing around them, the dosimeters to be used for quality controls of the sources or absorbed dose measurements should have special characteristics such as an accurate and reproducible response, a low dose response dependence as a function of energy, a high sensitivity under a small volume, a response independent of the dose-rate, etc. Commercial solid state detectors, such as diodes, MOSFETs, EPR-alanine, Gafchromic films, plastic scintillators and radiothermo-luminescent (RTL) dosimeters, can be interesting in the concerned field. After a brief reminder of their principle, a review of their dosimetric advantages and disadvantages is presented. A selection of detectors the best suited for brachy-therapy with examples of use for quality assurance controls or in-vivo dosimetry is also presented.

Marinello, Ginette

309

Comprehensive quality assurance for base of skull IMRT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Six base of skull IMRT treatment plans were delivered to Presage dosimeters within the RPC Head and Neck Phantom for quality assurance (QA) verification. Isotropic 2mm 3D data were acquired by optical-CT scanning with the DLOS system (Duke Large Optical-CT Scanner) and compared to the Eclipse (Varian) treatment plan. Normalized Dose Distribution (NDD) pass rates were obtained for a number of criteria. High quality 3D dosimetry data was observed from the DLOS system, illustrated here through colormaps, isodose lines, and profiles. Excellent agreement with the planned dose distributions was also observed with NDD analysis revealing > 90% pass rates (with criteria 3%, 2mm), and noise < 0.5%. The results comprehensively confirm the high accuracy of base-of-skull IMRT treatment in our clinic.

Thomas, A.; O'Daniel, J.; Adamovics, J.; Ibbott, G.; Oldham, M.

2013-06-01

310

Quality assurance in European pharmacy education and training*  

PubMed Central

A survey of quality assurance (QA) systems in European faculties of pharmacy was carried out under the auspices of the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy PHARMINE consortium. A questionnaire based on the quality criteria of the International Pharmaceutical Federation and the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (USA) was sent out to European faculties. Replies were obtained from 28 countries. Just above half has a working QA system. QA scores were high concerning matters such as complete curriculum and training, use of European Credit Transfer System, students’ representation and promotion of professional behavior. QA scores were low concerning matters such as evaluation of achievement of mission and goals, and financial resources. The PHARMINE consortium now has a basis upon which to elaborate and promote QA in European pharmacy faculties. PMID:24198856

Guimar?es Morais, Jose A.; Cavaco, Afonso M.; Rombaut, Bart; Rouse, Michael J.; Atkinson, Jeffrey

311

Quality Assurance Protocol for AFCI Advanced Structural Materials Testing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this letter is to inform you of recent progress on the development of advanced structural materials in support of advanced fast reactors and AFCI. As you know, the alloy development effort has been initiated in recent months with the procurement of adequate quantities of the NF616 and HT-UPS alloys. As the test alloys become available in the coming days, mechanical testing, evaluation of optimizing treatments, and screening of environmental effects will be possible at a larger scale. It is therefore important to establish proper quality assurance protocols for this testing effort in a timely manner to ensure high technical quality throughout testing. A properly implemented quality assurance effort will also enable preliminary data taken in this effort to be qualified as NQA-1 during any subsequent licensing discussions for an advanced design or actual prototype. The objective of this report is to describe the quality assurance protocols that will be used for this effort. An essential first step in evaluating quality protocols is assessing the end use of the data. Currently, the advanced structural materials effort is part of a long-range, basic research and development effort and not, as yet, involved in licensing discussions for a specific reactor design. After consultation with Mark Vance (an ORNL QA expert) and based on the recently-issued AFCI QA requirements, the application of NQA-1 quality requirements will follow the guidance provided in Part IV, Subpart 4.2 of the NQA-1 standard (Guidance on Graded Application of QA for Nuclear-Related Research and Development). This guidance mandates the application of sound scientific methodology and a robust peer review process in all phases, allowing for the data to be qualified for use even if the programmatic mission changes to include licensing discussions of a specific design or prototype. ORNL has previously implemented a QA program dedicated to GNEP activities and based on an appropriately graded application of NQA-1 requirements at the site. The current program is being revised to incorporate changes imposed through the recently revised AFCI Technical Integration Office QA requirements. Testing conducted under the AFCI QA program for the advanced structural materials effort shall incorporate the following quality assurance expectations: (1) personnel are adequately trained to perform assigned work; (2) activities are controlled to ensure consistency of results; (3) records necessary to substantiate how the work was performed are maintained (dedicated laboratory notebooks will be used); (4) the pedigree and traceability of the various tested materials are maintained throughout the described processes using consistent sample numbering and adequate record keeping; (5) equipment with the potential to affect the quality of the planned work is calibrated and maintained in accordance with applicable operating requirements. In addition, all reporting or related dissemination by ORNL personnel of the results of the work described in this subcontract shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements described or referenced in the ORNL Standards Based Management System subject area entitled Scientific and Technical Information. Reporting or publications at other institutions will be conducted in accordance with the requirements of that institution. Successful implementation of these protocols will provide a sound basis for future decisions and research. In addition, these steps will also help ensure that results can also be applied to licensing discussions at a future date.

Busby, Jeremy T [ORNL

2009-05-01

312

Methods of control for hospital quality assurance systems.  

PubMed Central

The major failure of hospital quality assurance systems is the failure to influence physicians' therapeutic decision making in a way that will ensure their ordering necessary and only necessary services. The primary reason for this is insufficient recognition of the "intensive" technology used to treat acute patients, a technology characterized by the interdependence of therapeutic services and the patient's response to these services. In such situations, the appropriate method of achieving quality control is to provide performance feedback to the physician on a regular basis. To the extent that there is uncertainty about the impact of therapeutic services on the patient's response, the physician should be allowed discretion over the therapeutic process. In contrast, when process-outcome relations in the therapeutic process are relatively certain, feedback should be reinforced with sanctions. PMID:7118544

Restuccia, J D; Holloway, D C

1982-01-01

313

An institutional review board-based clinical research quality assurance program.  

PubMed

Despite the acknowledged importance of quality assurance in the clinical research process, the problem of how such a program should be implemented at the level of an academic teaching hospital or a similar institution has not been addressed in the literature. Despite the fact that quality assurance is expected in programs which certify and accredit Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), very little is known about the role of the IRB in programs of clinical research quality assurance. In this article we consider the definition of clinical research quality assurance, and describe a program designed to achieve it. The key elements of such a program are education at the site level, which has both mandatory and voluntary components, and an auditing and monitoring program, which reinforces the education on quality assurance. The role of the IRB in achieving the program goals and the organizational placement of the quality assurance program within the IRB structure and function are important items of discussion. PMID:23281582

Lad, Pramod M; Dahl, Rebecca

2013-01-01

314

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13

315

Assuring fish safety and quality in international fish trade.  

PubMed

International trade in fishery commodities reached US 58.2 billion dollars in 2002, a 5% improvement relative to 2000 and a 45% increase over 1992 levels. Within this global trade, developing countries registered a net trade surplus of US 17.4 billion dollars in 2002 and accounted for almost 50% by value and 55% of fish exports by volume. This globalization of fish trade, coupled with technological developments in food production, handling, processing and distribution, and the increasing awareness and demand of consumers for safe and high quality food have put food safety and quality assurance high in public awareness and a priority for many governments. Consequently, many countries have tightened food safety controls, imposing additional costs and requirements on imports. As early as 1980, there was an international drive towards adopting preventative HACCP-based safety and quality systems. More recently, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of an integrated, multidisciplinary approach to food safety and quality throughout the entire food chain. Implementation of this approach requires an enabling policy and regulatory environment at national and international levels with clearly defined rules and standards, establishment of appropriate food control systems and programmes at national and local levels, and provision of appropriate training and capacity building. This paper discusses the international framework for fish safety and quality, with particular emphasis on the United Nation's Food and Agricultural Organization's (FAO) strategy to promote international harmonization and capacity building. PMID:17052733

Ababouch, Lahsen

2006-01-01

316

Argonne National Laboratory Internal Appraisal Program environment, safety, health/quality assurance oversight  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory`s Internal Appraisal Program has developed a quality assurance team member training program. This program has been developed to provide training to non-quality assurance professionals. Upon successful completion of this training and approval of the Internal Appraisal Program Manager, these personnel are considered qualified to assist in the conduct of quality assurance assessments. The training program has been incorporated into a self-paced, computerized, training session.

Winner, G.L.; Siegfried, Y.S.; Forst, S.P.; Meshenberg, M.J.

1995-06-01

317

NATIONAL SURFACE WATER SURVEY: EASTERN LAKE SURVEY (PHASE 1 - SYNOPTIC CHEMISTRY). QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides an overview of the quality assurance activities and results of the Eastern Lake Survey - Phase I. The quality assurance program used a combination of blank, duplicate, and audit samples to provide an external check on the data quality of 32 physiochemical para...

318

Response to John Klop: The Role of Dental Education in Promoting Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that while the American Dental Association promotes quality of care, there is little evidence of significant implementation of quality assurance by the organized dental community and long-standing resistance to the quality assurance movement among individual dentists. Some potential remedies are discussed. (MSE)

Capilouto, Eli

1989-01-01

319

Analytical Chemistry Laboratory Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Transuranic Waste Characterization Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPJP) specifies the quality of data necessary and the characterization techniques employed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to meet the objectives of the Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) requirements. This QAPJP is written to conform with the requirements and guidelines specified

Sailer

1996-01-01

320

Testing the effectiveness of a quality assurance system: the example of Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Operating a quality assurance system in tertiary education is the rule rather than the exception, because of the belief that it will improve quality. However, proving this is not easy. This study examines three ways of providing the evidence: the a priori method, the stepwise backtracking method, and the external evaluation method. The quality assurance system of the Vocational Training

David Lim

2009-01-01

321

Monica Orians, BS, MT(ASCP), CCRC Quality Assurance Manager, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center  

E-print Network

Monica Orians, BS, MT(ASCP), CCRC Quality Assurance Manager, University of Michigan Comprehensive. CERTIFICATION AND LICENSES ACRP certified (2006) Medical Technologist (ASCP) American Society of Clinical

Eustice, Ryan

322

Quality Assurance in Higher Education in 20 MENA Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decades have witnessed an increased concern in higher education over accountability, quality and productivity, and a struggle to meet increasingly complex challenges. This is more so in Middle East and North African (MENA) economies that witnessed a large expansion as a result of a high social demand and massification policies adopted by…

El Hassan, K.

2013-01-01

323

Quality assurance and quality control for autonomously collected geoscience data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing interest in processes, coupled with the reduction in cost and complexity of sensors which allow for continuous data collection and transmission is giving rise to vast amounts of semi autonomously collected data. Such data is typically collected from a range of physical and chemical sensors and transmitted - either at the time of collection, or periodically as a collection of measurements - to a central server. Such setups can collect vast amounts of data. In cases where power is not an issue one datapoint can be collected every minute, resulting in tens of thousands of data points per month per sensor. Especially in cases in which multiple sensors are deployed it is infeasible to examine each individual datapoint for each individual sensor, and users typically will look at aggregates of such data on a periodic (once a week to once every few months) basis. Such aggregates (and the timelag between data collection and data evaluation) will impact the ability to rapidly identify and resolve data issues. Thus, there is a need to integrate data qa/qc rules and procedures in the data collection process. These should be implemented such that data is analyzed for compliance the moment it arrives at the server, and that any issues with this data result in notification of cognizant personnel. Typical issues (encountered in the field) include complete system failure (resulting in no data arriving at all), to complete sensor failure (data is collected, but is meaningless), to partial sensor failure (sensor gives erratic readings, or starts to exhibit a bias) to partial powerloss (system collects and transmits data only intermittently). We have implemented a suite of such rules and tests as part of the INL developed performance monitoring system. These rules are invoked as part of a data qa/qc workflow, and result in quality indicators for each datapoint as well as user alerts in case of issues. Tests which are applied to the data include tests on individual datapoints, tests on suites of datapoints, and tests applied over the whole dataset. Example of tests include: Did data arrive on time, is received data in a valid format, are all measurements present, is data within valid range, is data collected at appropriate time intervals, are the statistics of the data changing over time and is the data collected within an appropriate instrument calibration window? This approach, which is executed automatically on all data provides data end users with confidence and auditability regarding the quality and useability of autonomously collected data.

Versteeg, R. J.; Richardson, A.; Labrecque, D.

2006-12-01

324

Quality assurance and reliability in the Japanese electronics industry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality and reliability are two attributes required for all Japanese products, although the JTEC panel found these attributes to be secondary to customer cost requirements. While our Japanese hosts gave presentations on the challenges of technology, cost, and miniaturization, quality and reliability were infrequently the focus of our discussions. Quality and reliability were assumed to be sufficient to meet customer needs. Fujitsu's slogan, 'quality built-in, with cost and performance as prime consideration,' illustrates this point. Sony's definition of a next-generation product is 'one that is going to be half the size and half the price at the same performance of the existing one'. Quality and reliability are so integral to Japan's electronics industry that they need no new emphasis.

Pecht, Michael; Boulton, William R.

1995-01-01

325

Challenges in quality of environmental measurements for compliance  

SciTech Connect

Quality systems development in environmental measurements for compliance with regulatory requirements for nuclear and other contaminants in the environment is one of the major challenges in current technology disciplines. Efforts to fulfill the mission and objectives of funded projects will not be successful on a timely and cost-effective schedule without adequate plans and credible action for the protection of workers, facilities, and the public in environment, safety, and health aspects. This can be accomplished through quality assurance planning and implementation of an effective, controlled environmental measurements program.

White, M.G.

1994-04-07

326

Radiotherapy quality assurance program in a cooperative group  

SciTech Connect

The radiotherapy quality assurance program at the Rhode Island Hospital Section of Brown University is detailed. The program attempts to assess the uniformity of compliance with the study program so that the results from one institution are comparable to the results of all the other institutions in the cooperative group. In the best situation, results from one study group could be expected to be compared to any other group and any other study of the same disease because the basis of the selection of the patient population, the treatment of the patient, and the end points have all been uniformly defined throughout. The quantitative assessment of the appropriateness of these parameters would be available in the evaluation of the end result. (JMT)

Glicksman, A.S.; Reinstein, L.E.; McShan, D.; Laurie, F.

1981-11-01

327

Concurrent evaluation of immunization programme by Lot Quality Assurance Sampling.  

PubMed

The current EPI methodology for identifying immunization coverage is simple and easy to carry out under field conditions and gives a good idea about immunization coverage. However, it is not useful for local managers. It does not identify small health units with poor performance. Information on performance at the local level is vital to enhance overall immunization coverage. Estimation of coverage on a small area basis can be made by Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS). LQAS was used in nine sub-centres of district Saharanpur. The methodology was found to be feasible and identified seven sub-centres with poor current performance. Although LQAS may not be a good substitute for current EPI methodology to evaluate immunization coverage in a large administrative area, it is suggested that LQAS is a useful additional method for routine monitoring and evaluation of health programmes on a small area basis, especially as the overall coverage increases. PMID:7563273

Singh, J; Sharma, R S; Goel, R K; Verghese, T

1995-08-01

328

Evaluation of a clinically intuitive quality assurance method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a pressing need for clinically intuitive quality assurance methods that report metrics of relevance to the likely impact on tumor control of normal tissue injury. This paper presents a preliminary investigation into the accuracy of a novel "transform method" which enables a clinically relevant analysis through dose-volume-histograms (DVHs) and dose overlays on the patient's CT data. The transform method was tested by inducing a series of known mechanical and delivery errors onto simulated 3D dosimetry measurements of six different head-and-neck IMRT treatment plans. Accuracy was then examined through the comparison of the transformed patient dose distributions and the known actual patient dose distributions through dose-volume histograms and normalized dose difference analysis. Through these metrics, the transform method was found to be highly accurate in predicting measured patient dose distributions for these types of errors.

Norris, H.; Thomas, A.; Oldham, M.

2013-06-01

329

Quality assurance of PASADENA hyperpolarization for 13C biomolecules  

PubMed Central

Object Define MR quality assurance procedures for maximal PASADENA hyperpolarization of a biological 13C molecular imaging reagent. Materials and methods An automated PASADENA polarizer and a parahydrogen generator were installed. 13C enriched hydroxyethyl acrylate, 1-13C, 2,3,3-d3 (HEA), was converted to hyperpolarized hydroxyethyl propionate, 1-13C, 2,3,3-d3 (HEP) and fumaric acid, 1-13C, 2,3-d2 (FUM) to hyperpolarized succinic acid, 1-13C, 2,3-d2 (SUC), by reaction with parahydrogen and norbornadiene rhodium catalyst. Incremental optimization of successive steps in PASADENA was implemented. MR spectra and in vivo images of hyperpolarized 13C imaging agents were acquired at 1.5 and 4.7 T. Results Application of quality assurance (QA) criteria resulted in incremental optimization of the individual steps in PASADENA implementation. Optimal hyperpolarization of HEP of P = 20% was achieved by calibration of the NMR unit of the polarizer (B0 field strength ± 0.002 mT). Mean hyperpolarization of SUC, P = [15.3 ± 1.9]% (N = 16) in D2O, and P = [12.8 ± 3.1]% (N = 12) in H2O, was achieved every 5–8 min (range 13–20%). An in vivo 13C succinate image of a rat was produced. Conclusion PASADENA spin hyperpolarization of SUC to 15.3% in average was demonstrated (37,400 fold signal enhancement at 4.7 T). The biological fate of 13C succinate, a normally occurring cellular intermediate, might be monitored with enhanced sensitivity. PMID:19067009

Hövener, Jan-Bernd; Chekmenev, Eduard Y.; Harris, Kent C.; Perman, William H.; Tran, Thao T.; Bhattacharya, Pratip

2009-01-01

330

Forensic entomology: implementing quality assurance for expertise work.  

PubMed

The Department of Forensic Entomology (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale, France) was accredited by the French Committee of Accreditation (Cofrac's Healthcare section) in October 2007 on the basis of NF EN ISO/CEI 17025 standard. It was the first accreditation in this specific field of forensic sciences in France and in Europe. The present paper introduces the accreditation process in forensic entomology (FE) through the experience of the Department of Forensic Entomology. Based upon the identification of necrophagous insects and the study of their biology, FE must, as any other expertise work in forensic sciences, demonstrate integrity and good working practice to satisfy both the courts and the scientific community. FE does not, strictly speaking, follow an analytical method. This could explain why, to make up for a lack of appropriate quality reference, a specific documentation was drafted and written by the staff of the Department of Forensic Entomology in order to define working methods complying with quality standards (testing methods). A quality assurance system is laborious to set up and maintain and can be perceived as complex, time-consuming and never-ending. However, a survey performed in 2011 revealed that the accreditation process in the frame of expertise work has led to new well-defined working habits, based on an effort at transparency. It also requires constant questioning and a proactive approach, both profitable for customers (magistrates, investigators) and analysts (forensic entomologists). PMID:23842668

Gaudry, Emmanuel; Dourel, Laurent

2013-09-01

331

National protocol for quality assurance in DXA-bone densitometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Osteoporosis becomes largely one of the most important socially significant and costly diseases. Modern techniques (DXA, US) are applied for bone densitometry. The paper presents a protocol for quality assurance especially of DXA-bone densitometers including quality control made in compliance with international standards (ISCD, IOF). The methodology has been tested in practice by measurements on site-functional assessment, entrance dose, radiation protection, calibration, in-vitro precision. It is expected to raise the quality of the diagnostic process in concert with the EU Medical Directive 97/43 particularly for population screening and sensitive groups. The protocol is an essential part of the National Program for constraining osteoporosis which has been elaborated at the Ministry of Health and at present under implementation throughout the country. It aims at reducing the risk, factors spreading, at diminishing the fracture risk the morbidity and the mortality from osteoporosis. An integral multidisciplinary approach to the problem solving is applied as well as training on three levels — doctors, patients, population, which effectively will contribute for obtaining real results in preventing osteoporosis.

Slavchev, A.; Avramova-Cholakova, S.; Vassileva, J.

2008-01-01

332

242-A evaporator quality assurance project plan: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The scope of this quality assurance project plan (Plan) is sampling and analytical services including, but not limited to, sample receipt, handling and storage, analytical measurements, submittal of data deliverables, archiving selected portions of samples, returning unneeded sample material to Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), and/or sample disposal associated with candidate feed samples and process condensate compliance samples. Sampling and shipping activities are also included within the scope. The purpose of this project is to provide planning, implementation, and assessment guidance for achieving established data quality objectives measurement parameters. This Plan requires onsite and offsite laboratories to conform to that guidance. Laboratory conformance will help ensure that quality data are being generated and therefore, that the 242-A evaporator is operating in a safe and compliant manner. The 242-A evaporator feed stream originates from double-shell tanks (DSTs) identified as candidate feed tanks. The 242-A evaporator reduces the volume of aqueous waste contained in DSTs by boiling off water and sending it to the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility (LERF) storage basin before further treatment. The slurry product is returned to DSTs. Evaporation results in considerable savings by reducing the volume of mixed waste for disposal.

Tucker, B.J.

1994-11-04

333

Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) provides the overall quality assurance (QA) program requirements and general quality practices to be applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) Sub-Project (hereafter the Sub-Project) activities. The requirements in this QAPP are consistent with DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE, 2005); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans for Modeling (EPA, 2002); and EPA Guidance on the Development, Evaluation, and Application of Environmental Models (EPA, 2009). The QAPP Revision 0 supersedes DOE--341, Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 4.

Irene Farnham

2011-05-01

334

Plutonium Immobilization Project, Project Office Quality Assurance Program Description Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

''The quality assurance activity involves the establishment and implementation of the Quality Assurance Program and the development of a Quality Assurance Plan and Procedures. Quality Assurance provides the plans, procedures and controls that are required for repository acceptance and the immobilization plant licensing and design activities.'' The Plutonium Immobilization Project (PIP) has a policy that all development, testing and operational activities be planned and performed in accordance with its customer's needs and expectations, and with a commitment to excellence and continuous improvement. The Immobilization Development and Testing (D&T) Quality Assurance Program establishes implementation requirements which, when completed, will ensure that the program development and test activities conform to the appropriate QA requirements. In order for the program to be effective, a designated quality lead must be in place at the Project Office and each participating site.

Kan, T.

1998-04-30

335

Sasquatch Semantical Approach of Assuring high Data Quality by Applying Data Mining Techniques  

E-print Network

Sasquatch ­ Semantical Approach of Assuring high Data Quality by Applying Data Mining Techniques.gruening@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de, fabian.gruening@offis.de Abstract Sasquatch is a holistic approach of assuring high data quality transformation, data cleaning, duplicate elimination, and data enrichment. Sasquatch addresses all

Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

336

Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was a cross-cultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy (MST). Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a…

Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

2011-01-01

337

Overseeing One-Stops: A WIB Member's Guide to Quality Assurance. Workforce Board Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to give workforce investment boards (WIBs) a practical framework for overseeing the performance of one-stop career centers. The introduction presents background information on a proposed quality assurance framework and the guide's format and development. The first two sections explain the importance of quality assurance to…

2000

338

Knowledge, Power and Meanings Shaping Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Systemic Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationally, quality assurance schemes persist despite long-standing dissatisfaction and critique of their impact and outcomes. Adopting a critical systems perspective, the article explores the relationships between the knowledge, power and meanings that stakeholder groups bring to the design and implementation of quality assurance systems.…

Houston, Don; Paewai, Shelley

2013-01-01

339

Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

Haapakorpi, Arja

2011-01-01

340

Twenty Years of Quality Assurance in Higher Education: What's Happened and What's Different?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years ago, the federal government in the US first required institutional accrediting organisations, America's principal mechanism for quality assurance in higher education, to review institutional practices with respect to the assessment of student learning outcomes. Much that affects quality assurance has changed in the ensuing two decades…

Ewell, Peter

2010-01-01

341

A Critical Analysis of the INQAAHE Guidelines of Good Practice for Higher Education Quality Assurance Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Network of Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education's Guidelines of Good Practice by higher education quality assurance agencies need substantial revision before they can be considered adequate by stakeholders in any national higher education system. Various revisions are proposed in this article. But the International…

Blackmur, Douglas

2008-01-01

342

Quality Assurance in Higher Education. Proceedings of an International Conference (Hong Kong, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings presents 17 papers which examine quality assurance and evaluation in higher education, including methodologies, procedures, and ideas from various nations. The papers include: (1) "Quality Assurance in Higher Education" (Malcolm Frazer); (2) "Academic Standards Panels in Australia" (Kwong Lee Dow); (3) "The French…

Craft, Alma

343

Quality Assurance in Engineering Education: Comparison of Accreditation Schemes and ISO 9001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines quality assurance schemes for distance-education technologies that are based on the ISO 9000 family of international quality-assurance standards. Argues that engineering faculties can establish such systems on the basis of and integrated with accreditation schemes. Contains 34 references. (DDR)

Karapetrovic, Stanislav; Rajamani, Divakar; Willborn, Walter

1998-01-01

344

Quality Assurance--North York Schools: Assessing and Planning for Achievement, August 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North York Board of Education's (Ontario) Quality Assurance process ensures planning for and assessment of accomplishment at every level in the system. This report, for 1988-89, is the second Quality Assurance report to be presented to the Board. Twenty elementary schools participated in the school review portion of the study, which focused on…

North York Board of Education, Willowdale (Ontario).

345

The Impact of the Bologna Process on the Development of the Greek Quality Assurance System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greece, an EU-member state since 1981, lagged behind other European countries in the development of a national quality assurance system. This article charts the route to the establishment of a quality assurance system in Greece. While national evaluation and accreditation systems were established in most European countries during the mid-1980s and…

Asderaki, Foteini

2009-01-01

346

First External Evaluations of Quality Assurance Agencies--Lessons Learned. ENQA Workshop Report 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminar on the first external evaluations of quality assurance agencies, held in Paris in July 2008. The seminar took stock of the achieved reviews of agencies to learn lessons from these first outcomes and, hence, provided a platform for…

Costes, Nathalie; Curvale, Bruno; Kraft, Michael G.; Llavori, Rafael; Malan, Thierry; Szanto, Tibor

2010-01-01

347

Bologna and Quality Assurance: Progress Made or Pulling the Wrong Cart?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution looks critically at the achievements regarding the Bologna action line "European cooperation in quality assurance". Much has been realised but most of the visible achievements are at the supranational level: the development of the European Standards and Guidelines, the launch of the European Network of Quality Assurance Agencies,…

Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don F.

2010-01-01

348

Do Too Many Rights Make a Wrong? A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of a Sample of Malaysian and Singapore Private Higher Education Providers in Transnational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuring the quality of transnational education has been an endeavour of increasing importance in the internationalisation of higher education but is also increasingly challenging given the involvement of many stakeholders. This paper focuses on the experiences of and challenges faced by private tertiary education providers in Malaysia and…

Lim, Fion Choon Boey

2010-01-01

349

76 FR 60848 - National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...advisory committee of the Food and Drug Administration...National Mammography Quality Assurance Advisory Committee...Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration...changes to the Mammography Quality Standard Act (MQSA...soft copy mammography images; and (3)...

2011-09-30

350

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS. VOLUME III. STATIONARY SOURCE SPECIFIC METHODS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on stationary source emission measurements. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the stationary source emission measurement program, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. Th...

351

Gulf of Mexico dissolved oxygen model (GoMDOM) research and quality assurance project plan  

EPA Science Inventory

An integrated high resolution mathematical modeling framework is being developed that will link hydrodynamic, atmospheric, and water quality models for the northern Gulf of Mexico. This Research and Quality Assurance Project Plan primarily focuses on the deterministic Gulf of Me...

352

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR LABORATORIES PERFORMING FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL TERRORISM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Scientific Working Group on Forensic Analysis of Chemical Terrorism (SWGFACT) has developed the following quality assurance guidelines to provide laboratories engaged in forensic analysis of chemical evidence associated with terrorism a framework to implement a quality assura...

353

The Quality Assurance Manual and EPA`s acid rain data quality  

SciTech Connect

November 15, 1990 saw the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Within this law was the requirements for all electric utility units greater than 25 megawatts of generated electrical capacity to monitor SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2}, opacity, and volumetric flow of the stack gases. This paper summarizes the Acid Rain Program`s approach to Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Quality Control and Quality Assurance requirements and their use in the market based pollution control program of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. This paper attempts to present the perspective of the authors as to what is important for excellent monitoring system availability and ensuring accurate data acquisition. Emphasis is placed upon the Quality Assurance Manual required by the Acid Rain Regulations for affected unit`s to maintain and follow.

Bloomer, B.J. [EPA, Washington, DC (United States). Acid Rain Div.; Winkler, J.P. [EPA, Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

354

Extending cluster lot quality assurance sampling designs for surveillance programs.  

PubMed

Lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) has a long history of applications in industrial quality control. LQAS is frequently used for rapid surveillance in global health settings, with areas classified as poor or acceptable performance on the basis of the binary classification of an indicator. Historically, LQAS surveys have relied on simple random samples from the population; however, implementing two-stage cluster designs for surveillance sampling is often more cost-effective than simple random sampling. By applying survey sampling results to the binary classification procedure, we develop a simple and flexible nonparametric procedure to incorporate clustering effects into the LQAS sample design to appropriately inflate the sample size, accommodating finite numbers of clusters in the population when relevant. We use this framework to then discuss principled selection of survey design parameters in longitudinal surveillance programs. We apply this framework to design surveys to detect rises in malnutrition prevalence in nutrition surveillance programs in Kenya and South Sudan, accounting for clustering within villages. By combining historical information with data from previous surveys, we design surveys to detect spikes in the childhood malnutrition rate. PMID:24633656

Hund, Lauren; Pagano, Marcello

2014-07-20

355

Quality-Assurance Plan for Water-Quality Activities in the U.S. Geological Survey Washington Water Science Center  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Discipline of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), this quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the USGS Washington Water Science Center (WAWSC) in conducting water-quality activities. The plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the personnel of the WAWSC for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the WAWSC's quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and to supplement the WAWSC quality-assurance plan.

Wagner, Richard J.; Kimbrough, Robert A.; Turney, Gary L.

2007-01-01

356

Quality-Assurance Plan for Water-Quality Activities of the U.S. Geological Survey Montana Water Science Center  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Discipline of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the USGS Montana Water Science Center in conducting water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the USGS Montana Water Science Center for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures presented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities complement the quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and suspended-sediment analysis.

Lambing, John H., (compiler)

2006-01-01

357

A Systems Engineering Approach to Quality Assurance for Aerospace Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On the surface, it appears that AS9100 has little to say about how to apply a Quality Management System (QMS) to major aerospace test programs (or even smaller ones). It also appears that there is little in the quality engineering Body of Knowledge (BOK) that applies to testing, unless it is nondestructive examination (NDE), or some type of lab or bench testing associated with the manufacturing process. However, if one examines: a) how the systems engineering (SE) processes are implemented throughout a test program; and b) how these SE processes can be mapped to the requirements of AS9100, a number of areas for involvement of the quality professional are revealed. What often happens is that quality assurance during a test program is limited to inspections of the test article; what could be considered a manufacturing al fresco approach. This limits the quality professional and is a disservice to the programs and projects, since there are a number of ways that quality can enhance critical processes, and support efforts to improve risk reduction, efficiency and effectiveness. The Systems Engineering (SE) discipline is widely used in aerospace to ensure the progress from Stakeholder Expectations (the President, Congress, the taxpayers) to a successful, delivered product or service. Although this is well known, what is not well known is that these same SE processes are implemented in varying complexity, to prepare for and implement test projects that support research, development, verification and validation, qualification, and acceptance test projects. Although the test organization's terminology may vary from the SE terminology, and from one test service provider to another, the basic process is followed by successful, reliable testing organizations. For this analysis, NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 7123.1, NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements is used to illustrate the SE processes that are used for major aerospace testing. Many of these processes are also implemented for smaller test projects, and this set of processes will also look familiar to those who have participated in launch site activation and flight demonstrations.

Shepherd, Christena C.

2014-01-01

358

QUALITY ASSURANCE: THE THREAD THAT WEAVES TOGETHER THE FABRIC OF DIVERSE DISCIPLINES  

EPA Science Inventory

Mature Quality Assurance (QA) programs do not call for high quality! However, they most often demand known quality. We can intuitively sense quality in our daily lives. Protection of the environment is, in part, dependent on the quality of data used in decision making. Wh...

359

Objective performance testing and quality assurance of medical ultrasound equipment.  

PubMed

There is an urgent need for a measurement protocol and software analysis for objective testing of the imaging performance of medical ultrasound equipment from a user's point of view. Methods for testing of imaging performance were developed. Simple test objects were used, which have a long life expectancy. First, the elevational focus (slice thickness) of the transducer was estimated and the in-plane transmit focus was positioned at the same depth. Next, the postprocessing look-up-table (LUT) was measured and linearized. The tests performed were echo level dynamic range (dB), contrast resolution (i.e., gamma of display, number of gray levels/dB) and sensitivity, overall system sensitivity, lateral sensitivity profile, dead zone, spatial resolution and geometric conformity of display. The concept of a computational observer was used to define the lesion signal-to-noise ratio, SNR(L) (or Mahalanobis distance), as a measure for contrast sensitivity. All the measurements were made using digitized images and quantified by objective means, i.e., by image analysis. The whole performance measurement protocol, as well as the quantitative measurements, have been implemented in software. An extensive data-base browser was implemented from which analysis of the images can be started and reports generated. These reports contain all the information about the measurements, such as graphs, images and numbers. The approach of calibrating the gamma by using a linearized LUT was validated by processing simultaneously acquired rf data. The contrast resolution and echo level of the rf data had to be compressed by a factor of two and amplified by a gain factor corresponding to 12 dB. This resulted in contrast curves that were practically identical to those obtained from DICOM image data. The effects of changing the transducer center frequency on the spatial resolution and contrast sensitivity were estimated to illustrate the practical usefulness of the developed approach of quality assurance by measuring objective performance characteristics. The developed methods might be considered as a minimum set of objective quality assurance measures. This set might be used to predict clinical performance of medical ultrasound equipment, taking into account the performance at a unique point in space i.e., the coinciding depths of the elevation and in-plane (azimuth) foci. Furthermore, it should be investigated whether the approach might be used to compare objectively various brands of equipment and to evaluate the performance specifications given by the manufacturer. Last but not least, the developed approach can be used to monitor, in a hospital environment, the medical ultrasound equipment during its life cycle. The software package may be viewed and downloaded at the website http://www.qa4us.eu. PMID:17275983

Thijssen, Johan M; Weijers, Gert; de Korte, Chris L

2007-03-01

360

The transition to a revised quality assurance standard: The Los Alamos experience  

SciTech Connect

On January 6, 1993 the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) office received a directive to implement DOE/RW-0333P, Quality Assurance Requirements and Description. This document is a revised quality assurance standard containing the quality assurance requirements for the YMP. Forty-two Los Alamos quality assurance documents were affected by this directive. Our goal was to transition to the revised standard with minimal impact on research activities yet maintain maximum flexibility and efficiency. The process of transitioning to a revised quality assurance standard, in essence replacing an existing quality assurance program with a new program, was a unique learning experience. Although some problems were anticipated, the magnitude and complexity of problems was, at times, almost overwhelming. The problems encountered include the review process being more complex than anticipated; inconsistencies of much larger magnitude than originally believed; difficulties with electronic data base connections; quality processes being more complex than originally perceived, and administrative bottlenecks. The transition was very stressful and this was in part caused by the magnitude of the change. However, the transition process was enhanced by both a flexible schedule (provided by the customer) and flexibility in being able to revise procedures and modify processes. This allowed for minimal disruption to research activities. The new quality assurance program is better documented, therefore should be better understood by YMP personnel, is tracked electronically, and should provide a better product for the customer.

Bolivar, S.L.; Clevenger, M.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Gillespie, P.F.; Day, J.L. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Inc., NM (United States)

1994-04-01

361

SQA(TM): Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar Program  

SciTech Connect

OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT) has led this SQA (Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar) program to solve the major surface quality problems plaguing the US special quality steel bars and rods industry and their customers, based on crosscutting sensors and controls technologies. Surface defects in steel formed in a hot rolling process are one of the most common quality issues faced by the American steel industry, accounting for roughly 50% of the rejects or 2.5% of the total shipment. Unlike other problems such as the mechanical properties of the steel product, most surface defects are sporadic and cannot be addressed based on sampling techniques. This issue hurts the rolling industry and their customers in their process efficiency and operational costs. The goal of this program is to develop and demonstrate an SQA prototype, with synergy of HotEye® and other innovations, that enables effective rolling process control and efficient quality control. HotEye®, OGT’s invention, delivers high definition images of workpieces at or exceeding 1,450?C while the workpieces travel at 100 m/s. The elimination of surface defect rejects will be achieved through the integration of imaging-based quality assessment, advanced signal processing, predictive process controls and the integration with other quality control tools. The SQA program team, composed of entities capable of and experienced in (1) research, (2) technology manufacturing, (3) technology sales and marketing, and (4) technology end users, is very strong. There were 5 core participants: OGT, Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT), University of Wisconsin (UW), Charter Steel (Charter) and ArcelorMittal Indiana Harbor (Inland). OGT served as the project coordinator. OGT participated in both research and commercialization. GIT and UW provided significant technical inputs to this SQA project. The steel mills provided access to their rolling lines for data collection, design of experiments, host of technology test and verification, and first-hand knowledge of the most advanced rolling line operation in the US. This project lasted 5 years with 5 major tasks. The team successfully worked through the tasks with deliverables in detection, data analysis and process control. Technologies developed in this project were commercialized as soon as they were ready. For instance, the advanced surface defect detection algorithms were integrated into OGT’s HotEye® RSB systems late 2005, resulting in a more matured product serving the steel industry. In addition to the commercialization results, the SQA team delivered 7 papers and 1 patent. OGT was also recognized by two prestigious awards, including the R&D100 Award in 2006. To date, this SQA project has started to make an impact in the special bar quality industry. The resulted product, HotEye® RSB systems have been accepted by quality steel mills worldwide. Over 16 installations were completed, including 1 in Argentina, 2 in Canada, 2 in China, 2 in Germany, 2 in Japan, and 7 in the U.S. Documented savings in reduced internal rejects, improved customer satisfaction and simplified processes were reported from various mills. In one case, the mill reported over 50% reduction in its scrap, reflecting a significant saving in energy and reduction in emission. There exist additional applications in the steel industry where the developed technologies can be used. OGT is working toward bringing the developed technologies to more applications. Examples are: in-line inspection and process control for continuous casting, steel rails, and seamless tube manufacturing.

Tzyy-Shuh Chang; Jianjun Shi; Shiyu Zhou

2009-03-03

362

Strategies for quality assurance of intensity modulated radiation therapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late 2011 The Swedish Society of Radiation Physics formed a working group to concentrate on the Quality Assurance of modern radiation therapy techniques. The given task was to identify and summarise the different QA strategies in Sweden and also the international recommendations. This was used to formulate recommendations for practical guidelines within Sweden. In this paper a brief summery of the group's work is presented. All the Swedish radiation therapy centres do a pre treatment verification measurement as QA for every new IMRT and VMAT plan. Physicists do it and they believe it to be time consuming. A general standpoint from all the centres was that new guidelines and legislation is needed to allow QA that does not require a measurement. Based on various international publications and recommendations the working group has presented two strategies, one where all new plans are checked through measurement and one where no measurement is needed. The measurement- based strategy is basically the same as the one used today with an extended machine QA part. The other presented strategy is process oriented where all the different parts of the treatment chain are checked separately. The final report can be found in Swedish on http://www.radiofysik.org.

Benedek, Hunor; Isacsson, Ulf; Olevik-Dunder, Maria; Westermark, Mathias; Hållström, Per; Olofsson, Jörgen; Gustafsson, Magnus

2015-01-01

363

NARAC SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE: ADAPTING FORMALISM TO MEET VARYING NEEDS  

SciTech Connect

The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) provides tools and services that predict and map the spread of hazardous material accidentally or intentionally released into the atmosphere. NARAC is a full function system that can meet a wide range of needs with a particular focus on emergency response. The NARAC system relies on computer software in the form of models of the atmosphere and related physical processes supported by a framework for data acquisition and management, user interface, visualization, communications and security. All aspects of the program's operations and research efforts are predicated to varying degrees on the reliable and correct performance of this software. Consequently, software quality assurance (SQA) is an essential component of the NARAC program. The NARAC models and system span different levels of sophistication, fidelity and complexity. These different levels require related but different approaches to SQA. To illustrate this, two different levels of software complexity are considered in this paper. As a relatively simple example, the SQA procedures that are being used for HotSpot, a straight-line Gaussian model focused on radiological releases, are described. At the other extreme, the SQA issues that must be considered and balanced for the more complex NARAC system are reviewed.

Walker, H; Nasstrom, J S; Homann, S G

2007-11-20

364

Waste management R&D Quality Assurance: An alternative approach  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the development and initial implementation of a Quality Assurance (QA) Program for technical activities associated with assessing compliance of an existing DOE nuclear waste site with applicable environmental regulations. The requirements for establishing the QA program are defined, along with the approach and emphasis used to develop the program. The structure of the program and the various levels of QA plans and procedures are briefly discussed. Initial implementation efforts are summarized. The QA program was developed by and for the project participants and was structured according to the major technical requirements of the project. The QA plans and procedures are written for the convenience and use of the technical staff and not merely to satisfy auditor expectations. Every effort was made to avoid an 18-point approach typical of many QA programs patterned after the dictates of the industry recognized ``national consensus standards.`` Flexibility is emphasized due to the nature of the research and development activities associated with the technical program. Recommendations are provided for using this alternative approach to QA program development for similar technical efforts elsewhere. 10 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Brosseau, D.A. [ERCE, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA); Harlan, C.P.; Cochrell, R.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)

1991-02-01

365

MODIS Land Data Products: Generation, Quality Assurance and Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) on-board NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and Aqua Satellites are key instruments for providing data on global land, atmosphere, and ocean dynamics. Derived MODIS land, atmosphere and ocean products are central to NASA's mission to monitor and understand the Earth system. NASA has developed and generated on a systematic basis a suite of MODIS products starting with the first Terra MODIS data sensed February 22, 2000 and continuing with the first MODIS-Aqua data sensed July 2, 2002. The MODIS Land products are divided into three product suites: radiation budget products, ecosystem products, and land cover characterization products. The production and distribution of the MODIS Land products are described, from initial software delivery by the MODIS Land Science Team, to operational product generation and quality assurance, delivery to EOS archival and distribution centers, and product accuracy assessment and validation. Progress and lessons learned since the first MODIS data were in early 2000 are described.

Masuoka, Edward; Wolfe, Robert; Morisette, Jeffery; Sinno, Scott; Teague, Michael; Saleous, Nazmi; Devadiga, Sadashiva; Justice, Christopher; Nickeson, Jaime

2008-01-01

366

Guidelines for hypertension: are quality-assurance measures on target?  

PubMed

Guideline committees recommend targets of treatment based on trial data on efficacy and effectiveness. Quality-assurance initiatives apply these parameters in the general practice setting. Therefore, targets must be feasible and achievable by the practicing physicians who are judged by these targets as goals for care. We evaluated 437 patients in the Rush University Hypertension Clinic using the Health Employer Data Information Set (HEDIS) measures for 2000 to assess goal achievement in a practice-based setting. We compared guideline achievement of uncomplicated hypertensive and diabetic subjects to standards dictated by HEDIS, the 6th Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VI), and the American Diabetic Association (ADA)/National Kidney Foundation (NKF). Overall, 276 (63%) patients achieved SBP goal, with 376 (86%) achieving DBP goal and 358 (59%) achieving both goals. However, in the 20% of patients who were diabetic, only 52% had a BP of <140 mm Hg and <90 mm Hg, whereas only 22% achieved the more stringent goals of JNC VI of <130 mm Hg systolic and <85 mm Hg diastolic and only 15% achieved the ADA/NKF goals of <130 mm Hg systolic and <80 mm Hg diastolic. Although goal was achievable in most uncomplicated hypertension, hypertension in diabetes was more difficult to control, despite being more likely to receive enhanced benefit from effective management. Goal-oriented strategy, especially in diabetic subjects, should be aggressively sought rather than relaxing goals to promote achievement. PMID:14752006

Singer, Gregory M; Izhar, Munavvar; Black, Henry R

2004-02-01

367

A reference standard-based quality assurance program for radiology.  

PubMed

The authors have developed a comprehensive radiology quality assurance (QA) program that evaluates radiology interpretations and procedures by comparing them with reference standards. Performance metrics are calculated and then compared with benchmarks or goals on the basis of published multicenter data and meta-analyses. Additional workload for physicians is kept to a minimum by having trained allied health staff members perform the comparisons of radiology reports with the reference standards. The performance metrics tracked by the QA program include the accuracy of CT colonography for detecting polyps, the false-negative rate for mammographic detection of breast cancer, the accuracy of CT angiography detection of coronary artery stenosis, the accuracy of meniscal tear detection on MRI, the accuracy of carotid artery stenosis detection on MR angiography, the accuracy of parathyroid adenoma detection by parathyroid scintigraphy, the success rate for obtaining cortical tissue on ultrasound-guided core biopsies of pelvic renal transplants, and the technical success rate for peripheral arterial angioplasty procedures. In contrast with peer-review programs, this reference standard-based QA program minimizes the possibilities of reviewer bias and erroneous second reviewer interpretations. The more objective assessment of performance afforded by the QA program will provide data that can easily be used for education and management conferences, research projects, and multicenter evaluations. Additionally, such performance data could be used by radiology departments to demonstrate their value over nonradiology competitors to referring clinicians, hospitals, patients, and third-party payers. PMID:20129274

Liu, Patrick T; Johnson, C Daniel; Miranda, Rafael; Patel, Maitray D; Phillips, Carrie J

2010-01-01

368

Helical tomotherapy quality assurance with ArcCHECK.  

PubMed

To design a quality assurance (QA) procedure for helical tomotherapy that measures multiple beam parameters with 1 delivery and uses a rotating gantry to simulate treatment conditions. The customized QA procedure was preprogrammed on the tomotherapy operator station. The dosimetry measurements were performed using an ArcCHECK diode array and an A1SL ion chamber inserted in the central holder. The ArcCHECK was positioned 10cm above the isocenter so that the 21-cm diameter detector array could measure the 40-cm wide tomotherapy beam. During the implementation of the new QA procedure, separate comparative measurements were made using ion chambers in both liquid and solid water, the tomotherapy onboard detector array, and a MapCHECK diode array for a period of 10 weeks. There was good agreement (within 1.3%) for the beam output and cone ratio obtained with the new procedure and the routine QA measurements. The measured beam energy was comparable (0.3%) to solid water measurement during the 10-week evaluation period, excluding 2 of the 10 measurements with unusually high background. The symmetry reading was similarly compromised for those 2 weeks, and on the other weeks, it deviated from the solid water reading by ~2.5%. The ArcCHECK phantom presents a suitable alternative for performing helical tomotherapy QA, provided the background is collected properly. The proposed weekly procedure using ArcCHECK and water phantom makes the QA process more efficient. PMID:24433834

Chapman, David; Barnett, Rob; Yartsev, Slav

2014-01-01

369

Using an EPID for patient-specific VMAT quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: A patient-specific quality assurance (QA) method was developed to verify gantry-specific individual multileaf collimator (MLC) apertures (control points) in volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Methods: VMAT treatment plans were generated in an Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS). DICOM images from a Varian EPID (aS1000) acquired in continuous acquisition mode were used for pretreatment QA. Each cine image file contains the grayscale image of the MLC aperture related to its specific control point and the corresponding gantry angle information. The TPS MLC file of this RapidArc plan contains the leaf positions for all 177 control points (gantry angles). In-house software was developed that interpolates the measured images based on the gantry angle and overlays them with the MLC pattern for all control points. The 38% isointensity line was used to define the edge of the MLC leaves on the portal images. The software generates graphs and tables that provide analysis for the number of mismatched leaf positions for a chosen distance to agreement at each control point and the frequency in which each particular leaf mismatches for the entire arc. Results: Seven patients plans were analyzed using this method. The leaves with the highest mismatched rate were found to be treatment plan dependent. Conclusions: This in-house software can be used to automatically verify the MLC leaf positions for all control points of VMAT plans using cine images acquired by an EPID.

Bakhtiari, M.; Kumaraswamy, L.; Bailey, D. W.; Boer, S. de; Malhotra, H. K.; Podgorsak, M. B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 (United States)

2011-03-15

370

Quality assurance of a diarrhoea control programme in northeastern Brazil.  

PubMed

In this study quality assurance methods were used in an evaluation of a programme for Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases (CDD) in northeastern Brazil. Seventy-eight randomly selected public primary care facilities in four states were assessed by trained surveyors. Problems observed in the facilities were lack of information on target population and coverage, lack of equipment to permit rehydration in the premises, and frequent unavailability of trained professionals. Health workers showed deficiencies in history taking, physical examination and knowledge on diarrhoea management. Many caretakers had difficulties in recalling information given to them in the health facilities. Eighty-four percent of the cases were treated with oral rehydration, but 90% were sent home immediately and not kept in the facilities to practice rehydration under guidance as recommended by the national CDD programme. An overuse of the medical treatment was observed. More than two-thirds of health professionals gave wrong indications for use of antibiotics. The study showed that oral rehydration therapy is well established in the government health services in the region but that the CDD programme needs to take early action to correct deficiencies in logistics, case management and health education. PMID:8029664

Barros, F C; Forsberg, B C; Victora, C G; Maranhão, A G; Stegeman, M; Gonzalez-Richmond, A; Martins, R M; Neumann, Z A; McAuliffe, J; Branco Júnior, J A

1994-03-01

371

The effect of job performance aids on quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Job performance aids (JPAs) have been studied for many decades in a variety of disciplines and for many different types of tasks, yet this is the first known research experiment using JPAs in a quality assurance (QA) context. The objective of this thesis was to assess whether a JPA has an effect on the performance of a QA observer performing the concurrent dual verification technique for a basic assembly task. The JPA used in this study was a simple checklist, and the design borrows heavily from prior research on task analysis and other human factors principles. The assembly task and QA construct of concurrent dual verification are consistent with those of a high consequence manufacturing environment. Results showed that the JPA had only a limited effect on QA performance in the context of this experiment. However, there were three important and unexpected findings that may draw interest from a variety of practitioners. First, a novel testing methodology sensitive enough to measure the effects of a JPA on performance was created. Second, the discovery that there are different probabilities of detection for different types of error in a QA context may be the most far-reaching results. Third, these results highlight the limitations of concurrent dual verification as a control against defects. It is hoped that both the methodology and results of this study are an effective baseline from which to launch future research activities.

Fosshage, Erik

2014-06-01

372

Quality Assurance Issues for Therapeutic Application of Radioactive Microspheres  

SciTech Connect

The use of radioactive microspheres for the treatment of hepatic cancer is a procedure that raises unique quality assurance (QA) concerns. The greatest of these concerns is the coordination of the responsibilities among the medical team members from interventional radiology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, and medical physics. A single QA practice and procedure guidance document does not currently exist that addresses the range of issues of concern for radioactive microspheres. A small sampling of QA issues of concern include imaging QA, procedure-specific imaging protocols, detector calibration, activity measurement, radiation safety, patient dose calculations, and patient-specific QA. Some of the items listed have historically been the responsibility of a single team member, and other items have been concerns for all. A procedural overview of the therapeutic application of radioactive microspheres is presented to illustrate the broad, team-based QA approach necessary to safely and effectively deliver this type of treatment. From this overview, the reader will be able to customize the local QA protocol to meet the local division of responsibilities.

Dezarn, William A. [Wake Radiology Oncology, Cary, NC (United States)], E-mail: adezarn@wakeradiology.com

2008-05-01

373

Deriving an Abstraction Network to Support Quality Assurance in OCRe  

PubMed Central

An abstraction network is an auxiliary network of nodes and links that provides a compact, high-level view of an ontology. Such a view lends support to ontology orientation, comprehension, and quality-assurance efforts. A methodology is presented for deriving a kind of abstraction network, called a partial-area taxonomy, for the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe). OCRe was selected as a representative of ontologies implemented using the Web Ontology Language (OWL) based on shared domains. The derivation of the partial-area taxonomy for the Entity hierarchy of OCRe is described. Utilizing the visualization of the content and structure of the hierarchy provided by the taxonomy, the Entity hierarchy is audited, and several errors and inconsistencies in OCRe’s modeling of its domain are exposed. After appropriate corrections are made to OCRe, a new partial-area taxonomy is derived. The generalizability of the paradigm of the derivation methodology to various families of biomedical ontologies is discussed. PMID:23304341

Ochs, Christopher; Agrawal, Ankur; Perl, Yehoshua; Halper, Michael; Tu, Samson W.; Carini, Simona; Sim, Ida; Noy, Natasha; Musen, Mark; Geller, James

2012-01-01

374

Quality Assurance Issues in Conducting Multi-Institutional Advanced Technology Clinical Trials  

SciTech Connect

The National Cancer Institute-sponsored Advanced Technology Quality Assurance (QA) Consortium, which consisted of the Image-Guided Therapy QA Center, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Radiological Physics Center, Quality Assurance Review Center, and Resource Center for Emerging Technologies, has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials that requires volumetric digital data submission of a protocol patient's treatment plan and verification data. In particular, the Image-Guided Therapy QA Center has nearly 15 years experience in facilitating QA review for Radiation Therapy Oncology Group advanced technology clinical trials. This QA process includes (1) a data integrity review for completeness of protocol required elements, the format of data, and possible data corruption, and recalculation of dose-volume histograms; (2) a review of compliance with target volume and organ-at-risk contours by study chairs; and (3) a review of dose prescription and dose heterogeneity compliance by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Headquarters Dosimetry Group or the Radiological Physics Center dosimetrists (for brachytherapy protocols). This report reviews the lessons learned and the QA challenges presented by the use of advanced treatment modalities in clinical trials requiring volumetric digital data submission.

Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)], E-mail: james.purdy@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu

2008-05-01

375

Quality assurance in transnational higher education: a case study of the tropEd network  

PubMed Central

Introduction Transnational or cross-border higher education has rapidly expanded since the 1980s. Together with that expansion issues on quality assurance came to the forefront. This article aims to identify key issues regarding quality assurance of transnational higher education and discusses the quality assurance of the tropEd Network for International Health in Higher Education in relation to these key issues. Methods Literature review and review of documents. Results From the literature the following key issues regarding transnational quality assurance were identified and explored: comparability of quality assurance frameworks, true collaboration versus erosion of national education sovereignty, accreditation agencies and transparency. The tropEd network developed a transnational quality assurance framework for the network. The network accredits modules through a rigorous process which has been accepted by major stakeholders. This process was a participatory learning process and at the same time the process worked positive for the relations between the institutions. Discussion The development of the quality assurance framework and the process provides a potential example for others. PMID:23537108

2013-01-01

376

We Can't Go Home Again: Insights from a Quarter Century of Experiments in External Academic Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What have we learned from 25 years of experience with external academic quality assurance that can help design more effective framework conditions for assuring academic standards? The key elements appear to be the structure and means of evaluating national academic quality assurance agencies, the nature of academic quality information mandated by…

Dill, David D.

2010-01-01

377

Implementation of a Quality Assurance Review System for the Scalable Development of Online Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing demand for quality online education in the US, developing quality online courses and online programs, and more importantly maintaining this quality, have been an inevitable concern for higher education institutes. Current literature on quality assurance in online education mostly focuses on the development of review models and…

Ozdemir, Devrim; Loose, Rich

2014-01-01

378

Quality assurance of radiotherapy in cancer treatment: toward improvement of patient safety and quality of care.  

PubMed

The process of radiotherapy (RT) is complex and involves understanding of the principles of medical physics, radiobiology, radiation safety, dosimetry, radiation treatment planning, simulation and interaction of radiation with other treatment modalities. Each step in the integrated process of RT needs quality control and quality assurance (QA) to prevent errors and to give high confidence that patients will receive the prescribed treatment correctly. Recent advances in RT, including intensity-modulated and image-guided RT, focus on the need for a systematic RTQA program that balances patient safety and quality with available resources. It is necessary to develop more formal error mitigation and process analysis methods, such as failure mode and effect analysis, to focus available QA resources optimally on process components. External audit programs are also effective. The International Atomic Energy Agency has operated both an on-site and off-site postal dosimetry audit to improve practice and to assure the dose from RT equipment. Several countries have adopted a similar approach for national clinical auditing. In addition, clinical trial QA has a significant role in enhancing the quality of care. The Advanced Technology Consortium has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials, including credentialing and individual case review. These activities have an impact not only on the treatment received by patients enrolled in clinical trials, but also on the quality of treatment administered to all patients treated in each institution, and have been adopted globally; by the USA, Europe and Japan also. PMID:18952706

Ishikura, Satoshi

2008-11-01

379

GPR in Nondestructive Quality Assurance of New Asphalt Pavements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mara Nord is an international cooperation project financed by Interreg IVA Nord funding program with partners from Finland, Sweden and Norway. One of the objectives in Mara Nord project has been to research the quality assurance of new asphalt pavement. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey is used as an alternative method for coring in quality assurance. There exist numerous advantages for the use of GPR. For example, the fluent measuring arrangements without closing the traffic on the road and the extensive continuous profile that can be constructed from the measuring data. Within the framework of Mara Nord Project field tests were organized in Seinäjoki region in Finland on August 2011. The tests were done by four consulting companies from Finland and Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences. The aim of these tests was to compare the measured dielectric value profiles and the calculated void content profiles of the equipment. The tested equipment was GSSI manufactured SIR-20 and 1 GHz horn antennas. Void content values were calculated using the model presented by Mr. Roimela (1997). All core samples were taken from the right wheel path. The same reference core samples were used when analyzing the data of each GPR equipment. Some samples were taken right after the pavement work was completed with the rest three weeks after during the test measurements. The tests indicated that GPRs have very good repeatability in measuring dielectric changes on top surface layers of asphalt pavements. Furthermore, different GPRs locate the same detectable longitudinal dielectric changes with high accuracy. Some differences were found in the dielectric value levels, yet reproducibility of the calculated void content values was quite good. The test data was also used to evaluate the reliability of the regression model between the dielectric values measured through GPR and the void content of the pavement determined from reference cores. Test data indicated that accurate regression model could not be validated by using test data because of too wide variation. The variation of void content in core sample results was not always registered by GPR with corresponding variation in dielectric value. There was some moisture present in test conditions and this might have influenced the GPR results. There are some reference data from dry conditions which will be used later on for analyzing the influence of moisture. There was also quite wide variation in void content determined from core samples taken close to each other during field tests. However, wide variation was not seen in core samples taken right after the pavement work. It is possible that traffic load had its effect on the asphalt pavement compaction. The results indicate that when using only one survey line it should be located between wheel paths. Another option is GPR void content measurements should be done right after the pavement work.

Poikajärvi, J.; Peisa, K.; Narbro, A.

2012-04-01

380

An electron beam imaging system for quality assurance in IORT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intraoperative radiation therapy is a special radiotherapy technique, which enables a high dose of radiation to be given in a single fraction during oncological surgery. The major stumbling block to the large-scale application of the technique is the transfer of the patient, with an open wound, from the operating room to the radiation therapy bunker, with the consequent organisational problems and the increased risk of infection. To overcome these limitations, in the last few years a new kind of linear accelerator, the Novac 7, conceived for direct use in the surgical room, has become available. Novac 7 can deliver electron beams of different energies (3, 5, 7 and 9 MeV), with a high dose rate (up to 20 Gy/min). The aim of this work, funded by ENEA in the framework of a research contract, is the development of an innovative system for on-line measurements of 2D dose distributions and electron beam characterisation, before radiotherapy treatment with Novac 7. The system is made up of the following components: (a) an electron-light converter; (b) a 14 bit cooled CCD camera; (c) a personal computer with an ad hoc written software for image acquisition and processing. The performances of the prototype have been characterised experimentally with different electron-light converters. Several tests have concerned the assessment of the detector response as a function of impulse number and electron beam energy. Finally, the experimental results concerning beam profiles have been compared with data acquired with other dosimetric techniques. The achieved results make it possible to say that the developed system is suitable for fast quality assurance measurements and verification of 2D dose distributions.

Casali, F.; Rossi, M.; Morigi, M. P.; Brancaccio, R.; Paltrinieri, E.; Bettuzzi, M.; Romani, D.; Ciocca, M.; Tosi, G.; Ronsivalle, C.; Vignati, M.

2004-01-01

381

Quality Assurance Results for a Commercial Radiosurgery System: A Communication.  

PubMed

The purpose of this communication is to inform the radiosurgery community of quality assurance (QA) results requiring attention in a commercial FDA-approved linac-based cone stereo-tactic radiosurgery (SRS) system. Standard published QA guidelines as per the American Association of Physics in Medicine (AAPM) were followed during the SRS system's commissioning process including end-to-end testing, cone concentricity testing, image transfer verification, and documentation. Several software and hardware deficiencies that were deemed risky were uncovered during the process and QA processes were put in place to mitigate these risks during clinical practice. In particular, the present work focuses on daily cone concentricity testing and commissioning-related findings associated with the software. Cone concentricity/alignment is measured daily using both optical light field inspection, as well as quantitative radiation field tests with the electronic portal imager. In 10 out of 36 clini- cal treatments, adjustments to the cone position had to be made to align the cone with the collimator axis to less than 0.5 mm and on two occasions the pre-adjustment measured offset was 1.0 mm. Software-related errors discovered during commissioning included incorrect transfer of the isocentre in DICOM coordinates, improper handling of non-axial image sets, and complex handling of beam data, especially for multi-target treatments. QA processes were established to mitigate the occurrence of the software errors. With proper QA processes, the reported SRS system complies with tolerances set out in established guidelines. Discussions with the vendor are ongoing to address some of the hardware issues related to cone alignment. PMID:24945371

Ruschin, M; Lightstone, A; Beachey, D; Wronski, M; Babic, S; Yeboah, C; Lee, Y; Soliman, H; Sahgal, A

2014-06-16

382

The Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) magnetic resonance imaging quality assurance update  

PubMed Central

Objective Longitudinal quantitative evaluation of cartilage disease requires reproducible measurements over time. We report 8 years of quality assurance (QA) metrics for quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) knee analyses from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) and show the impact of MR system, phantom, and acquisition protocol changes. Method Key 3 T MR QA metrics, including signal-to-noise, signal uniformity, T2 relaxation times, and geometric distortion, were quantified monthly on two different phantoms using an automated program. Results Over 8 years, phantom measurements showed root-mean-square coefficient-of-variation reproducibility of <0.25% (190.0 mm diameter) and <0.20% (148.0 mm length), resulting in spherical volume reproducibility of <0.35%. T2 relaxation time reproducibility varied from 1.5% to 5.3%; seasonal fluctuations were observed at two sites. All other QA goals were met except: slice thicknesses were consistently larger than nominal on turbo spin echo images; knee coil signal uniformity and signal level varied significantly over time. Conclusions The longitudinal variations for a spherical volume should have minimal impact on the accuracy and reproducibility of cartilage volume and thickness measurements as they are an order of magnitude smaller than reported for either unpaired or paired (repositioning and reanalysis) precision errors. This stability should enable direct comparison of baseline and follow-up images. Cross-comparison of the geometric results from all four OAI sites reveal that the MR systems do not statistically differ and enable results to be pooled. MR QA results identified similar technical issues as previously published. Geometric accuracy stability should have the greatest impact on quantitative analysis of longitudinal change in cartilage volume and thickness precision. PMID:23092792

Schneider, E.; NessAiver, M.

2012-01-01

383

Quality assurance methodology for Varian RapidArc treatment plans.  

PubMed

With the commercial introduction of the Varian RapidArc, a new modality for treatment planning and delivery, the need has arisen for consistent and efficient techniques for performing patient-specific quality assurance (QA) tests. In this paper we present our methodology for a RapidArc treatment plan QA procedure. For our measurements we used a 2D diode array (MapCHECK) embedded at 5 cm water equivalent depth in MapPHAN 5 phantom and an Exradin A16 ion chamber placed in six different positions in a cylindrical homogeneous phantom (QUASAR). We also checked the MUs for the RapidArc plans by using independent software (RadCalc). The agreement between Eclipse calculations and MapCHECK/MapPHAN5 measurements was evaluated using both absolute distance-to-agreement (DTA) and gamma index with 10% dose threshold (TH), 3% dose difference (DD), and 3 mm DTA. The average agreement was 94.4% for the DTA approach and 96.3% for the gamma index approach. In high-dose areas, the discrepancy between calculations and ion chamber measurements using the QUASAR phantom was within 4.5% for prostate cases. For the RadCalc calculations, we used the average SSD along the arc; however, for some patients the agreement for the MUs obtained with RadCalc versus Eclipse was inadequate (discrepancy > 5%). In these cases, the plan was divided into partial arc plans so that RadCalc could perform a better estimation of the MUs. The discrepancy was further reduced to within ~4% using this approach. Regardless of the variation in prescribed dose and location of the treated areas, we obtained very good results for all patients studied in this paper. PMID:21081873

Iftimia, Ileana; Cirino, Eileen T; Xiong, Li; Mower, Herbert W

2010-01-01

384

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...special processes. DOE shall establish measures to assure that special processes, including welding, heat treating, and nondestructive testing, are controlled and accomplished by qualified personnel using qualified procedures in accordance with...

2013-01-01

385

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...special processes. DOE shall establish measures to assure that special processes, including welding, heat treating, and nondestructive testing, are controlled and accomplished by qualified personnel using qualified procedures in accordance with...

2012-01-01

386

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

...special processes. DOE shall establish measures to assure that special processes, including welding, heat treating, and nondestructive testing, are controlled and accomplished by qualified personnel using qualified procedures in accordance with...

2014-01-01

387

ALMA service data analysis and level 2 quality assurance with CASA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atacama Large mm and sub-mm Array (ALMA) radio observatory is one of the world's largest astronomical projects. After the very successful conclusion of the first observation cycles Early Science Cycles 0 and 1, the ALMA project can report many successes and lessons learned. The science data taken interleaved with commis- sioning tests for the still continuing addition of new capabilities has already resulted in numerous publications in high-profile journals. The increasing data volume and complexity are challenging but under control. The radio-astronomical data analysis package "Common Astronomy Software Applications" (CASA) has played a crucial role in this effort. This article describes the implementation of the ALMA data quality assurance system, in particular the level 2 which is based on CASA, and the lessons learned.

Petry, Dirk; Vila-Vilaro, Baltasar; Villard, Eric; Komugi, Shinya; Schnee, Scott

2014-07-01

388

Quality Assurance Program Plan for the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this Quality Assurance Plan is to provide quality assurance (QA) guidance, implementation of regulatory QA requirements, and quality control (QC) specifications for analytical service. This document follows the Department of Energy (DOE)-issued Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) and additional federal [10 US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 830.120] QA requirements that HASQAP does not cover. This document describes how the laboratory implements QA requirements to meet the federal or state requirements, provides what are the default QC specifications, and/or identifies the procedural information that governs how the laboratory operates. In addition, this document meets the objectives of the Quality Assurance Program provided in the WHC-CM-4-2, Section 2.1. This document also covers QA elements that are required in the Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Program Plans (QAPPs), (QAMS-004), and Interim Guidelines and Specifications for Preparing Quality Assurance Product Plans (QAMS-005) from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A QA Index is provided in the Appendix A.

Grabbe, R.R.

1995-03-02

389

Sasquatch - Semantical Approach of Assuring high Data Quality by Applying Data Mining Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sasquatch is a holistic approach for assuring high data quality in data management systems by applying a conceptual view on the data and using machine learning algorithms for deciding whether or not the data is correct.

Fabian Grüning

390

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS: VOLUME IV - METEOROLOGICAL MEASUREMENTS (REVISED - AUGUST 1994)  

EPA Science Inventory

Procedures on installing, acceptance testing, operating, maintaining and quality assuring three types of ground-based, upper air meteorological measurement systems are described. he limitations and uncertainties in precision and accuracy measurements associated with these systems...

391

ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN FOR THE DETERMINATION OF XENOBIOTIC CHEMICAL CONTAMINANTS IN FISH  

EPA Science Inventory

This report describes the analytical procedures and quality assurance plan used for the determination of xenobiotic chemical contaminants including select pesticides, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls for Phase II of the U.S. EPA National Dioxin Stu...

392

Quality assurance in military medical research and medical radiation accident management.  

PubMed

The provision of quality radiation-related medical diagnostic and therapeutic treatments cannot occur without the presence of robust quality assurance and standardization programs. Medical laboratory services are essential in patient treatment and must be able to meet the needs of all patients and the clinical personnel responsible for the medical care of these patients. Clinical personnel involved in patient care must embody the quality assurance process in daily work to ensure program sustainability. In conformance with the German Federal Government's concept for modern departmental research, the international standard ISO 9001, one of the relevant standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), is applied in quality assurance in military medical research. By its holistic approach, this internationally accepted standard provides an excellent basis for establishing a modern quality management system in line with international standards. Furthermore, this standard can serve as a sound basis for the further development of an already established quality management system when additional standards shall apply, as for instance in reference laboratories or medical laboratories. Besides quality assurance, a military medical facility must manage additional risk events in the context of early recognition/detection of health risks of military personnel on deployment in order to be able to take appropriate preventive and protective measures; for instance, with medical radiation accident management. The international standard ISO 31000:2009 can serve as a guideline for establishing risk management. Clear organizational structures and defined work processes are required when individual laboratory units seek accreditation according to specific laboratory standards. Furthermore, international efforts to develop health laboratory standards must be reinforced that support sustainable quality assurance, as in the exchange and comparison of test results within the scope of external quality assurance, but also in the exchange of special diagnosis data among international research networks. In summary, the acknowledged standard for a quality management system to ensure quality assurance is the very generic standard ISO 9001.Health Phys. 103(2):221-225; 2012. PMID:22951484

Hotz, Mark E; Meineke, Viktor

2012-08-01

393

Handbook of software quality assurance techniques applicable to the nuclear industry  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory is conducting a research project to recommend good engineering practices in the application of 10 CFR 50, Appendix B requirements to assure quality in the development and use of computer software for the design and operation of nuclear power plants for NRC and industry. This handbook defines the content of a software quality assurance program by enumerating the techniques applicable. Definitions, descriptions, and references where further information may be obtained are provided for each topic.

Bryant, J.L.; Wilburn, N.P.

1987-08-01

394

Quality assurance grading guidelines for research and development at DOE facilities  

SciTech Connect

The quality assurance (QA) requirements for the US Department of Energy (DOE) are established in DOE Order 5700.6C. This order is applicable for all DOE departmental elements, management, and maintenance and operating contractors and requires that documented Quality Assurance Programs (QAPs) are prepared at all levels; it has one attachment. The DOE Office of Energy Research (DOE-ER) has issued a standard to ensure implementation of the full intent of this order in the ER community.

Powell, T.B.; Morris, R.N.

1993-01-01

395

Draught beer quality - challenges and opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In the majority of European markets, draught beer is in slow long-term decline. Whilst numerous factors - political, economic, social and technical - have been implicated, poor beer quality has played a significant role in consumer dissatisfaction with draught beer. The challenge to raise the quality bar is being met by innovation from cellar to tap. This paper describes

David Quain

396

Quality assurance plan for Solar Maximum Mission (SSM) Instruments electronic assembly - HRUV spectrometer/polarimeter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The quality assurance program demonstrates recognition of the quality aspects and an organized approach to achieve them. It ensures that quality requirements are determined and satisfied throughout all phases of contract performance, including preliminary and engineering design, development, fabrication, processing, assembly, inspection, test, checkout, packaging, shipping, storage, maintenance field use, flight preparations, flight operations and post-flight analysis, as applicable.

1976-01-01

397

Implications of the South African Constitution on Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article addresses the concept of quality assurance (QA) and its relation to quality in higher education which itself is a component of total quality management. It then examines the regulatory policies for higher education followed by the meaning of the concept of democracy in the South African Constitution and its impact and implications on…

Mammen, K. John

2006-01-01

398

Testing the Effectiveness of a Quality Assurance System: The Example of Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operating a quality assurance system in tertiary education is the rule rather than the exception, because of the belief that it will improve quality. However, proving this is not easy. This study examines three ways of providing the evidence: the a "priori" method, the stepwise backtracking method, and the external evaluation method. The quality

Lim, David

2009-01-01

399

Evaluation and Quality Assurance in Finnish and Italian Universities in the Bologna Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study is to describe the evaluation and quality assurance practices employed in the basic units of Finnish and Italian universities and analyse the impact of the Bologna process on quality assessment. The data consist of interviews (n=30) conducted in Finland and Italy. The results suggest that: (1) evaluation and quality

Ursin, J.; Huusko, M.; Aittola, H.; Kiviniemi, U.; Muhonen, R.

2008-01-01

400

Training, Quality Assurance, and Assessment of Medical Record Abstraction in a Multisite Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical studies using medical record review should include careful training and quality assurance methods to enhance the reliability and validity of data obtained from the records. Because of time and budget constraints, comprehensive assessments of data quality and reliability, including masking of medical record abstractors, are not always possible. This paper describes the abstractor training and quality control methods and

Lisa M. Reisch; Jessica Scura Fosse; Kevin Beverly; Onchee Yu; William E. Barlow; Emily L. Harris; Sharon Rolnick; Mary B. Barton; Ann M. Geiger; Lisa J. Herrinton; Sarah M. Greene; Suzanne W. Fletcher; Joann G. Elmore

2003-01-01

401

An oscillating sweeping gap test for VMAT quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to develop an oscillating sweeping gap test for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) quality assurance (QA). A novel test was designed and used to simultaneously determine uncertainties associated with linac performance, dose calculation and dosimetric MLC parameters during VMAT delivery. Delivered doses were measured with Matrixx™, ionization chamber A12 and EDR2™ films, and compared to calculations from the treatment planning system (TPS) Eclipse™. A new gantry and MLC motion pattern, called here 'oscillating sweeping gap', is developed as an extension of the standard sweeping gap MLC pattern developed for IMRT QA. Specifically, in the oscillating sweeping gap test, a uniform MLC gap is moving repeatedly back and forth across the field at a constant speed during a full rotation of the gantry. The dose distribution generated by the combined gantry and MLC motion pattern is designed to be quasi-uniform within a cylindrical target volume with a sharp penumbra. The test design allows for an easy detection of dose errors as deviations from the uniform background. MLC gap sizes, gantry and MLC speeds and monitor units (MU) are selected according to a formula determining the magnitude of dose delivered to the target. Both measured and calculated dose distributions were analyzed as a function of the number of control points in the TPS, MLC gap size and magnitude of the gantry angle error. Dose calculation errors due to the insufficient number of control points in the gantry and MLC motion pattern appear as streak artifacts. The magnitude of these artifacts is increasing with the decreased number of control points, and with the decreased MLC gap size. The spatial distribution of dose errors due to the gantry angle errors (unsteady rocking motion) appears as high-frequency noise for higher wobble frequencies and as large hot/cold spots for lower wobble frequencies. The actual MLC leaf position as a function of time (or the gantry angle), determined from the Matrixx snaps (dose images measured per time interval) of the moving gap and compared to the ideal leaf positions, reveal discrepancies in agreement with theoretical calculations. The MLC parameters determined for VMAT with the oscillating sweeping gap test, their uncertainties and the associated dose errors are similar to those determined for IMRT with the standard sweeping gap test. The oscillating sweeping gap test has been developed for the gantry and MLC QA. Applications include commissioning of the planning system for VMAT and performing routine linac QA. The test is sensitive to several errors in dose calculation and delivery.

Bhagwat, Mandar S.; Han, Zhaohui; Kien Ng, Sook; Zygmanski, Piotr

2010-09-01

402

An oscillating sweeping gap test for VMAT quality assurance.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to develop an oscillating sweeping gap test for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) quality assurance (QA). A novel test was designed and used to simultaneously determine uncertainties associated with linac performance, dose calculation and dosimetric MLC parameters during VMAT delivery. Delivered doses were measured with Matrixx, ionization chamber A12 and EDR2 films, and compared to calculations from the treatment planning system (TPS) Eclipse. A new gantry and MLC motion pattern, called here 'oscillating sweeping gap', is developed as an extension of the standard sweeping gap MLC pattern developed for IMRT QA. Specifically, in the oscillating sweeping gap test, a uniform MLC gap is moving repeatedly back and forth across the field at a constant speed during a full rotation of the gantry. The dose distribution generated by the combined gantry and MLC motion pattern is designed to be quasi-uniform within a cylindrical target volume with a sharp penumbra. The test design allows for an easy detection of dose errors as deviations from the uniform background. MLC gap sizes, gantry and MLC speeds and monitor units (MU) are selected according to a formula determining the magnitude of dose delivered to the target. Both measured and calculated dose distributions were analyzed as a function of the number of control points in the TPS, MLC gap size and magnitude of the gantry angle error. Dose calculation errors due to the insufficient number of control points in the gantry and MLC motion pattern appear as streak artifacts. The magnitude of these artifacts is increasing with the decreased number of control points, and with the decreased MLC gap size. The spatial distribution of dose errors due to the gantry angle errors (unsteady rocking motion) appears as high-frequency noise for higher wobble frequencies and as large hot/cold spots for lower wobble frequencies. The actual MLC leaf position as a function of time (or the gantry angle), determined from the Matrixx snaps (dose images measured per time interval) of the moving gap and compared to the ideal leaf positions, reveal discrepancies in agreement with theoretical calculations. The MLC parameters determined for VMAT with the oscillating sweeping gap test, their uncertainties and the associated dose errors are similar to those determined for IMRT with the standard sweeping gap test. The oscillating sweeping gap test has been developed for the gantry and MLC QA. Applications include commissioning of the planning system for VMAT and performing routine linac QA. The test is sensitive to several errors in dose calculation and delivery. PMID:20702923

Bhagwat, Mandar S; Han, Zhaohui; Ng, Sook Kien; Zygmanski, Piotr

2010-09-01

403

FIELD AND LABORATORY QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL PROTOCOLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS FOR THE FERNOW EXPERIMENTAL FOREST WATERSHED ACIDIFICATION STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Field and laboratory quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) protocols for a whole-watershed acidification study on the Fernow Experimental Forest are described. rocedures are detailed thoroughly to: (1) allow individuals familiar with QA/QC to judge for themselves the quality ...

404

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL PLAN FOR THE 1985 NAPAP (NATIONAL ACID PRECIPITATION ASSESSMENT PROGRAM) EMISSIONS INVENTORY (NOVEMBER 1988)  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper identifies the quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) objectives that must be met to creat a comprehensive and accurate emissions inventory and summarizes the QA/QC plan specifically designed for the 1985 inventory to meet these objectives. The data quality objec...

405

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2011-07-01

406

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2013-07-01

407

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

...2013-07-01 true Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2014-07-01

408

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2012-07-01

409

40 CFR 125.62 - Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Attainment or maintenance of water quality which assures protection of public water supplies; assures the protection and propagation...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...

2010-07-01

410

Innovative Quality-Assurance Strategies for Tuberculosis Surveillance in the United States  

PubMed Central

Introduction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s National Tuberculosis Surveillance System (NTSS) is the national repository of tuberculosis (TB) data in the United States. Jurisdictions report to NTSS through the Report of Verified Case of Tuberculosis (RVCT) form that transitioned to a web-based system in 2009. Materials and Methods. To improve RVCT data quality, CDC conducted a quality assurance (QA) needs assessment to develop QA strategies. These include QA components (case detection, data accuracy, completeness, timeliness, data security, and confidentiality); sample tools such as National TB Indicators Project (NTIP) to identify TB case reporting discrepancies; comprehensive training course; resource guide and toolkit. Results and Discussion. During July–September 2011, 73 staff from 34 (57%) of 60 reporting jurisdictions participated in QA training. Participants stated usefulness of sharing jurisdictions' QA methods; 66 (93%) wrote that the QA tools will be effective for their activities. Several jurisdictions reported implementation of QA tools pertinent to their programs. Data showed >8% increase in NTSS and NTIP enrollment through Secure Access Management Services, which monitors system usage, from August 2011–February 2012. Conclusions. Despite challenges imposed by web-based surveillance systems, QA strategies can be developed with innovation and collaboration. These strategies can also be used by other disease programs to ensure high data quality. PMID:22685648

Manangan, Lilia Ponce; Tryon, Cheryl; Magee, Elvin; Miramontes, Roque

2012-01-01

411

[Quality assurance of medical education--a prerequisite for good medical practice].  

PubMed

Assured quality of medical education is a prerequisite for high quality medicine. Quality assurance of medical education implies a well-planned assessment of the structure, process and outcome of education based on defined standards and objectives, and draws heavily on a thorough knowledge of how people learn. Learning in medicine shares common features at all levels, from undergraduate to continuing education. Three core elements are the context of learning, availability of information, and opportunities for elaboration (educational counselling, mentorship, interaction with peers) as a basis for linking practice and theory. A quality assurance programme must examine all these factors and suggest remedies when appropriate. The upgrading of educational research in medicine, and valuing and recognition of teaching within the profession, are important factors in promoting continuous improvement of the quality of medical education. PMID:1462328

Holm, H A

1992-11-20

412

The simcyp population based simulator: architecture, implementation, and quality assurance.  

PubMed

Developing a user-friendly platform that can handle a vast number of complex physiologically based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PBPK/PD) models both for conventional small molecules and larger biologic drugs is a substantial challenge. Over the last decade the Simcyp Population Based Simulator has gained popularity in major pharmaceutical companies (70% of top 40 - in term of R&D spending). Under the Simcyp Consortium guidance, it has evolved from a simple drug-drug interaction tool to a sophisticated and comprehensive Model Based Drug Development (MBDD) platform that covers a broad range of applications spanning from early drug discovery to late drug development. This article provides an update on the latest architectural and implementation developments within the Simulator. Interconnection between peripheral modules, the dynamic model building process and compound and population data handling are all described. The Simcyp Data Management (SDM) system, which contains the system and drug databases, can help with implementing quality standards by seamless integration and tracking of any changes. This also helps with internal approval procedures, validation and auto-testing of the new implemented models and algorithms, an area of high interest to regulatory bodies. PMID:25505654

Jamei, Masoud; Marciniak, Steve; Edwards, Duncan; Wragg, Kris; Feng, Kairui; Barnett, Adrian; Rostami-Hodjegan, Amin

2013-01-01

413

Quality-assurance plan for the analysis of suspended sediment by the U.S. Geological Survey in Montana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A quality-assurance plan has been developed for use by the sediment laboratory of the U.S. Geological Survey Montana Water Science Center in conducting activities related to the analysis of suspended sediment. The plan documents quality-assurance policies for sediment-laboratory certification, personnel responsibilities and training, documentation requirements, and laboratory safety. The plan also documents quality-assurance procedures related to laboratory equipment and supplies, sample management, sample analysis, analytical quality control, and data management.

Dodge, Kent A.; Lambing, John H.

2006-01-01

414

Quality control and quality assurance plan for bridge channel-stability assessments in Massachusetts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A quality control and quality assurance plan has been implemented as part of the Massachusetts bridge scour and channel-stability assessment program. This program is being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, Massachusetts-Rhode Island District, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Highway Department. Project personnel training, data-integrity verification, and new data-management technologies are being utilized in the channel-stability assessment process to improve current data-collection and management techniques. An automated data-collection procedure has been implemented to standardize channel-stability assessments on a regular basis within the State. An object-oriented data structure and new image management tools are used to produce a data base enabling management of multiple data object classes. Data will be reviewed by assessors and data base managers before being merged into a master bridge-scour data base, which includes automated data-verification routines.

Parker, Gene W.; Pinson, Harlow

1993-01-01

415

Addressing Water Quality Mitigation Challenges Through Evaluation  

E-print Network

, such as the United States Department of Agriculture-Natural Resource Conservation Service (USDA-NRCS) Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP), are available to landowners to help pay for the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices. Challenges have.... As of 2007, voluntary BMPs had already been implemented on approximately 50,000 acres through the TSSWCB’s Water Quality Management Plan Program and the USDA –NRCS EQIP; thus one-third of the goal had already been achieved (Agricultural Issues Work Group...

Berthold, Troy Allen

2014-05-27

416

Development of a framework of quality assurance practices for a radon passive dosemeter service.  

PubMed

Etched track detectors are widely used for the detection of radon and its decay products. The reliability of radon measurement performed with such devices requires that laboratories producing analytical data are able to provide results of the required quality. The need for uniform results from laboratories at an international level therefore requires the implementation of a quality assurance programme, the harmonization of criteria, sampling procedures, calculations and the reporting of results, agreed on the basis of fundamental principles and international standards. The quality assurance programme described here is the first step on the way to ISO/IEC 17025 certification for the RI-RN (ISPESL) laboratory. PMID:20530856

D'Alessandro, M; Leonardi, F; Tonnarini, S; Trevisi, R; Veschetti, M

2010-06-01

417

A Case Study in Integrated Quality Assurance for Performance Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

On-line enterprise applications that are used by t housands of geo- graphically dispersed users present special challen ges for quality assurance. A case study of a hospital performance management system is used to investigate the specific issues of architectural complexity, dy namic change, and access to sensitive data in test environments. A quality assu rance framework is proposed that integrates

Liam Peyton; Bo Zhan; Bernard Stepien

2008-01-01

418

Small Steps Lead to Quality Assurance and Enhancement in Qatar University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief overview of Qatar University's history since it was started in 1973. Its primary focus is on the various small, but important, steps taken by the University to address the needs of quality assurance and enhancement. The Qatar University Reform Plan is described in detail. Its aims are to continually improve the quality

Al Attiyah, Asma; Khalifa, Batoul

2009-01-01

419

Quality Assurance in Asian Distance Education: Diverse Approaches and Common Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the phenomenal expansion of distance education in Asia during the past three decades, there has been growing public demand for quality and accountability in distance education. This study investigates the national quality assurance systems for distance education at the higher education level in Asia with the aim of contributing to a better…

Jung, Insung; Wong, Tat Meng; Li, Chen; Baigaltugs, Sanjaa; Belawati, Tian

2011-01-01

420

Problems of Accreditation and Quality Assurance of Engineering Education in Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the relationship between funding, management, and quality assurance in engineering education in developing countries. Presents a few case studies on problems of accreditation and quality assessment in larger developing countries such as India and the Philippines, and also in very small developing countries such as Papua New Guinea, Fiji,…

Bordia, Surek

2001-01-01

421

Student Guidance and Attention to Diversity in the Processes of Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main objective of this article is to analyse the importance given to student guidance and diversity in the standards and criteria used in the quality accreditation and evaluation processes in Europe and the US. Agencies selected in this study are the members of ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), EQAR…

Ferreira, Camino; Vidal, Javier; Vieira, María José

2014-01-01

422

Up-Stream Dissolved Oxygen TMDL Project Quality Assurance ProjectPlan  

SciTech Connect

A quality assurance project plan (QAPP) for the execution of an ecosystem level monitoring and research program examining algal ecology in highly impaired rivers. Procedures for executing both field and laboratory surface water quality and flow analysis are described. The procedures described here are compatible with the California Surface Water Ambient Monitoring program (SWAMP).

Stringfellow, William T.

2005-05-13

423

Quality assurance plan for Waste Area Grouping 6 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) is concerned with design and construction (Sect. 2) and characterization and monitoring (Sect. 3). The basis for Sect. 2 is the Quality Assurance Plan for the Design and Construction of Waste Area Grouping 6 Closure at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the basis for Sect. 3 is the Environmental Restoration Quality Program Plan. Combining the two areas into one plan gives a single, overall document that explains the requirements and from which the individual QAPs and quality assurance project plans can be written. The Waste Area Grouping (WAG) 6 QAP establishes the procedures and requirements to be implemented for control of quality-related activities for the WAG 6 project. Quality Assurance (QA) activities are subject to requirements detailed in the Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), QA Program and the Environmental Restoration (ER) QA Program, as well as to other quality requirements. These activities may be performed by Energy Systems organizations, subcontractors to Energy Systems, and architect-engineer (A-E) under prime contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE), or a construction manager under prime contract to DOE. This plan specifies the overall Energy Systems quality requirements for the project. The WAG 6 QAP will be supplemented by subproject QAPs that will identify additional requirements pertaining to each subproject.

Not Available

1994-01-01

424

PC-QTRAK: AN AUTOMATED TRACKING SYSTEM FOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ASSURANCE ACTIVITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses PC-QTRAK, an automated tracking system for environmental quality assurance (QA) activities. The effectiveness of the QA program is measured by evaluating the implementation of the QA program elements, including data quality objectives, QA project plans, and au...

425

E-Learning Quality Assurance: A Perspective of Business Teacher Educators and Distance Learning Coordinators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Business teacher educators and distance learning coordinators have the responsibility to deliver quality online courses and programs. Therefore, they must make sure that quality assurance benchmarks are present in online business education courses and programs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which…

Chapman, Betty F.; Henderson, Ronda G.

2010-01-01

426

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

The approval testing and evaluation process must contain a rigorous Quality Assurance and Quality Control program consisting of a QAPP developed in accordance with ISO/IEC 17025:2005(E), as amended ISO/IEC 17025:2005/Cor.1:2006(E) (incorporated by reference, see §...

2012-10-01

427

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

The approval testing and evaluation process must contain a rigorous Quality Assurance and Quality Control program consisting of a QAPP developed in accordance with ISO/IEC 17025:2005(E), as amended ISO/IEC 17025:2005/Cor.1:2006(E) (incorporated by reference, see §...

2013-10-01

428

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

The approval testing and evaluation process must contain a rigorous Quality Assurance and Quality Control program consisting of a QAPP developed in accordance with ISO/IEC 17025:2005(E), as amended ISO/IEC 17025:2005/Cor.1:2006(E) (incorporated by reference, see §...

2014-10-01

429

Quality Assurance in Engineering Education on a National and European Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activity 2 of project E4, "Quality Assessment and Transparency for Enhanced Mobility and Trans-European Recognition", included the working group on "Quality Assurance in Engineering on a National and European Scale". Its report can be found in Part 2 of Volume D, final report of the E4 Thematic Network (Firenze University Press 2003). The Report…

Gola, Muzio M.

2005-01-01

430

Why Is It Difficult to Grasp the Impacts of the Portuguese Quality Assurance System?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the impacts of the Portuguese quality assurance system on academic cultures, using the Cultural Theory proposed by Douglas (1970, 1982) and developed by Thompson, Ellis and Wildavsky (1990) as an explanatory framework for Portuguese academics' preference formation in relation to quality assessment. The Portuguese higher…

Veiga, Amélia; Rosa, Maria João; Dias, Diana; Amaral, Alberto

2013-01-01

431

Standards to Assure Quality in Tertiary Education: The Case of Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide information on development of standards in Tanzania which may be of help to training providers in other countries as they seek to improve the quality and standards of their provision. Design/methodology/approach: The need to provide quality assured tertiary qualifications in Tanzania to win both…

Manyaga, Timothy

2008-01-01

432

A Conceptual Framework for the Quality Assurance of Programme Design at the Durban University of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the end of 2010 the Durban University of Technology initiated a Curriculum Renewal Project, central to which is the aspiration to become a student centred university through the transformation of teaching and learning and the promotion of quality enhancement. However, the current realities for curriculum development and quality assurance at the…

Sattar, K.; Cooke, L. A.

2012-01-01

433

Exposure reduction through quality assurance for diagnostic x-ray procedures.  

PubMed

Traditional state x-ray inspection programs concentrate on measurement of x-ray machine parameters such as kVp and mAs, timer accuracy, collimation, etc. In 1996, the New Jersey radiation control program began a paradigm shift from the traditional inspection to an outcome-based inspection that concentrated on two indicators of performance: image quality and entrance skin exposure (ESE). Through extensive outreach and involvement of stakeholders, a new approach was designed that placed an emphasis on quality assurance. Key to the positive outcome has been the credentialing of medical physicists. On 16 January 2001, the final regulation titled "Quality Assurance Programs for Medical Diagnostic X-ray Installations" was adopted. The new regulations require that each facility using diagnostic medical x-ray equipment (including radiographic, fluoroscopic, x-ray bone densitometric, and computed tomographic) establish and carry out a quality assurance program. The new regulation specifies the quality control tests, frequencies, and standards that are part of the quality assurance program. Five years of data have been gathered. Both ESE and image quality are checked and the inspectors conduct an audit of the facility's quality assurance program. ESE has been decreased by 34% for lumbar spine, 46% for chest, and 66% for foot x-ray procedures. Image quality has improved by 22%. Quality improvement initiatives were extended to the larger dental x-ray community. Through outreach and information sharing, stakeholders were instructed in the factors that affect patient radiation exposure and image quality and were encouraged to take actions to improve in these areas. PMID:18849692

Lipoti, Jill A

2008-11-01

434

Intensive Quality Assurance of Therapist Adherence to Behavioral Interventions for Adolescent Substance Use Problems  

PubMed Central

This study was a crosscultural replication of a study that investigated therapist adherence to behavioral interventions as a result of an intensive quality assurance system which was integrated into Multisystemic Therapy. Thirty-three therapists and eight supervisors participated in the study and were block randomized to either an Intensive Quality Assurance or a Workshop Only condition. Twenty-one of these therapists treated 41 cannabis-abusing adolescents and their families. Therapist adherence and youth drug screens were collected during a five-month baseline period prior to the workshop on contingency management and during 12 months post workshop. The results replicated the previous finding that therapist adherence to the cognitive-behavioral interventions, but not to contingency management, showed a strong positive difference in trend in favor of the intensive quality assurance condition. While the clinical impact of such quality assurance may be delayed and remains to be demonstrated, cannabis abstinence increased as a function of time in therapy, and was more likely with stronger therapy adherence to contingency management, but did not differ across quality assurance interventions. PMID:21984866

Holth, Per; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Ogden, Terje; Henggeler, Scott W.

2011-01-01

435

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Management Project (WMP) is committed to excellence in our work and to delivering quality products and services to our customers, protecting our employees and the public and to being good stewards of the environment. We will continually strive to understand customer requirements, perform services, and activities that meet or exceed customer expectations, and be cost-effective in our performance. The WMP maintains an environment that fosters continuous improvement in our processes, performance, safety and quality. The achievement of quality will require the total commitment of all WMP employees to our ethic that Quality, Health and Safety, and Regulatory Compliance must come before profits. The successful implementation of this policy and ethic requires a formal, documented management quality system to ensure quality standards are established and achieved in all activities. The following principles are the foundation of our quality system. Senior management will take full ownership of the quality system and will create an environment that ensures quality objectives are met, standards are clearly established, and performance is measured and evaluated. Line management will be responsible for quality system implementation. Each organization will adhere to all quality system requirements that apply to their function. Every employee will be responsible for their work quality, to work safely and for complying with the policies, procedures and instructions applicable to their activities. Quality will be addressed and verified during all phases of our work scope from proposal development through closeout including contracts or projects. Continuous quality improvement will be an ongoing process. Our quality ethic and these quality principles constantly guide our actions. We will meet our own quality expectations and exceed those of our customers with vigilance, commitment, teamwork, and persistence.

HORHOTA, M.J.

2000-12-21

436

Sustaining Educational Quality in Financially Challenging Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools face the most challenging economic environment in decades. To sustain the quality of teaching, learning, and educational support services, they must find ways to expand their resources while at the same time using their resources more efficiently. School leaders must be knowledgeable about the funding "streams" that provide an opportunity…

Anderson, David

2011-01-01

437

Quality and Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training in the Mediterranean Countries: Lessons from the European Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on the development of the European approach towards quality and quality assurance in vocational education and training (VET) and its relevance for VET reforms in the European Training Foundation (ETF) partner countries. The analysis is based on an ETF project conducted in 2007-2008 in the Mediterranean partner countries to…

Masson, Jean-Raymond; Baati, Mounir; Seyfried, Erwin

2010-01-01

438

Analytical Chemistry Laboratory Quality Assurance Project Plan for the Transuranic Waste Characterization Program  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPJP) specifies the quality of data necessary and the characterization techniques employed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to meet the objectives of the Department of Energy (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Transuranic Waste Characterization Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) requirements. This QAPJP is written to conform with the requirements and guidelines specified in the QAPP and the associated documents referenced in the QAPP. This QAPJP is one of a set of five interrelated QAPjPs that describe the INEL Transuranic Waste Characterization Program (TWCP). Each of the five facilities participating in the TWCP has a QAPJP that describes the activities applicable to that particular facility. This QAPJP describes the roles and responsibilities of the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL) in the TWCP. Data quality objectives and quality assurance objectives are explained. Sample analysis procedures and associated quality assurance measures are also addressed; these include: sample chain of custody; data validation; usability and reporting; documentation and records; audits and 0385 assessments; laboratory QC samples; and instrument testing, inspection, maintenance and calibration. Finally, administrative quality control measures, such as document control, control of nonconformances, variances and QA status reporting are described.

Sailer, S.J.

1996-08-01

439

Surface-Water Quality-Assurance Plan for the Tallahassee Office, U.S. Geological Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Tallahassee Office Surface-Water Quality-Assurance Plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the Tallahassee Office for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of surface-water data. This plan serves as a guide to all Tallahassee Office personnel involved in surface-water data activities, and changes as the needs and requirements of the Tallahassee Office, Florida Integrated Science Center, and Water Discipline change. Reg-ular updates to this Plan represent an integral part of the quality-assurance process. In the Tallahassee Office, direct oversight and responsibility by the employee(s) assigned to a surface-water station, combined with team approaches in all work efforts, assure high-quality data, analyses, reviews, and reports for cooperating agencies and the public.

Tomlinson, Stewart A.

2006-01-01

440

Guidelines for preparing a quality assurance plan for district offices of the U.S. Geological Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has a policy that requires each District office to prepare a Quality Assurance Plan. This plan is a combination of a District's management principles and quality assurance processes. The guidelines presented in this report provide a framework or expanded outline that a District can use to prepare a plan. Parti- cular emphasis is given to a District's: (1) quality assurance policies; (2) organization and staff responsibilities; and (3) program and project planning. The guidelines address the 'how', 'what', and 'who' questions that need to be answered when a District Quality Assurance Plan is prepared.

Schroder, L.J.; Shampine, W.J.

1992-01-01

441

Quality assurance versus QP(4)--the missing link.  

PubMed

First, quality is not easy. Second, basic process understanding, simplification and continuous improvement are equally difficult. We are vertically organized, yet our basic processes are horizontal with cross-functional boundaries. This recognition is the key to continued quality progress. Third, quality cascading is a key concept for progress. It is the most important factor in convincing the work force that we are serious about quality. Last, the concept of ownership is the most powerful force at work in our quality programs. Quality is not a destination, but a never-ending journey. We need to do things better today than yesterday. We need to be constantly on the lookout for ways to correct problems, prevent problems, and make improvements. Even when the customers' needs have been completely and precisely met, a better, more efficient approach may be possible. We need to take a broader view of the role that quality can play in achieving organizational and individual goals. We need to recognize that quality needn't cost more, yet it will improve customer satisfaction. Furthermore, quality involves more dimensions than just product or service; it applies to internal as well as external customers. We must recognize that everything the organization does has a quality component, and that everyone has a responsibility for quality. Accepting a new definition--and a new priority--for quality is essential, but not enough. For quality to become "the way we do business" in our organizations requires a break-through in action. We have to break out of established ways of thinking and acting. We have to learn new behaviors, and we need the skills to mandate and practice them.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:10293979

Tackett, S A

1989-01-01

442

Quality assurance program description: Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant, Part 1. Revision 3  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Department of Energy`s Richland Field Office (DOE-RL) quality assurance (QA) program for the processing of high-level waste as well as the Vitrification Project Quality Assurance Program for the design and construction of the Hanford Waste Vitrification Plant (HWVP). It also identifies and describes the planned activities that constitute the required quality assurance program for the HWVP. This program applies to the broad scope of quality-affecting activities associated with the overall HWVP Facility. Quality-affecting activities include designing, purchasing, fabricating, handling, shipping, storing, cleaning, erecting, installing, inspecting, testing, maintaining, repairing, and modifying. Also included are the development, qualification, and production of waste forms which may be safely used to dispose of high-level radioactive waste resulting from national defense activities. The HWVP QA program is made up of many constituent programs that are being implemented by the participating organizations. This Quality Assurance program description is intended to outline and define the scope and application of the major programs that make up the HWVP QA program. It provides a means by which the overall program can be managed and directed to achieve its objectives. Subsequent parts of this description will identify the program`s objectives, its scope, application, and structure.

Not Available

1992-12-31

443

Chemical Reactivity Testing for the National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program. Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance project plan (QAPjP) summarizes requirements used by Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Incorporated (LMES) Development Division at Y-12 for conducting chemical reactivity testing of Department of Energy (DOE) owned spent nuclear fuel, sponsored by the National Spent Nuclear Fuel Program (NSNFP). The requirements are based on the NSNFP Statement of Work PRO-007 (Statement of Work for Laboratory Determination of Uranium Hydride Oxidation Reaction Kinetics.) This QAPjP will utilize the quality assurance program at Y-12, QA-101PD, revision 1, and existing implementing procedures for the most part in meeting the NSNFP Statement of Work PRO-007 requirements, exceptions will be noted.

Newsom, H.C.

1999-01-24

444

Experience with Formal Methods techniques at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from a quality assurance perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent experience with Formal Methods (FM) in the Software Quality Assurance Section at the Jet Propulsion Lab is presented. An integrated Formal Method process is presented to show how related existing requirements analysis and FM techniques complement one another. Example application of FM techniques such as formal specifications and specification animators are presented. The authors suggest that the quality assurance organization is a natural home for the Formal Methods specialist, whose expertise can then be used to best advantage across a range of projects.

Kelly, John C.; Covington, Rick

1993-01-01

445

Colonoscopy quality assurance in Ontario: Systematic review and clinical practice guideline  

PubMed Central

Colonoscopy is fundamental to the diagnosis and management of digestive diseases and plays a key role in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and diagnosis. Therefore, it is important to ensure that colonoscopy is of high quality. The present guidance document updates the evidence and recommendations in Cancer Care Ontario’s 2007 Colonoscopy Standards, and was conducted under the aegis of the Program in Evidence-Based Care. It is intended to support quality improvement for colonoscopies for all indications, including follow-up to a positive fecal occult blood test, screening for individuals who have a family history of CRC and those at average risk, investigation for symptomatic patients, and surveillance of those with a history of adenomatous polyps or CRC. A systematic review was performed to evaluate the existing evidence concerning the following three key aspects of colonoscopy: physician endoscopist training and maintenance of competency; institutional quality assurance parameters; and colonoscopy quality indicators and auditable outcomes. Where appropriate, indicators were designated quality indicators (where there was sufficient evidence to recommend a specific target) and auditable outcomes (insufficient evidence to recommend a specific target, but which should be monitored for quality assurance purposes). The guidance document may be used to support colonoscopy quality assurance programs to improve the quality of colonoscopy regardless of indication. Improvements in colonoscopy quality are anticipated to improve important outcomes in digestive diseases, such as reduction of the incidence of and mortality from CRC. PMID:24839621

Tinmouth, Jill; Kennedy, Erin B; Baron, David; Burke, Mae; Feinberg, Stanley; Gould, Michael; Baxter, Nancy; Lewis, Nancy

2014-01-01

446

On quality assurance and assessment of biological datasets and related statistics.  

PubMed

The complexity of modern biological database management systems indicates the need of integrated metadata repositories for harmonized and high-quality assured data processing. Such systems should allow for the derivation of specific producer-oriented indicators monitoring the quality of the final datasets and statistics provided to the end-users. In this paper, we offer a quality assurance and assessment framework for biological dataset management from both the producers' and users' perspective. In order to assist the producers in high-quality end-results, we consider the integration of a process-oriented data/metadata model enriched with quality declaration metadata, like quality indicators, for the entire process of dataset management. With the automatic manipulation of both data and "quality" metadata, we assure standardization of processes and error detection and reduction. Regarding the user assessment of final results, we discuss trade-offs among certain quality components (such as accuracy, timeliness, relevance, comparability, etc.) and offer indicative user-oriented quality indicators. PMID:20865490

Vardaki, Maria; Papageorgiou, Haralambos

2010-01-01

447

Instructional Design and Online Learning: A Quality Assurance Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in the evaluations of online course quality using the Quality Matters model among four groups of reviewers: instructional designers, faculty with subject-matter expertise, peer faculty with no subject-matter expertise, and administrators. A causal-comparative design was utilized to…

Monroe, Rose M.

2011-01-01

448

Quality Assurance Information for R Packages "aqfig" and "M3"  

EPA Science Inventory

R packages ?aqfig" and ?M3" are optional modules for use with R statistical software (http://www.r-project.org). Package ?aqfig" contains functions to aid users in the preparation of publication-quality figures for the display of air quality and other environmental data (e.g., le...

449

The Practice of Quality in Assuring Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There remains a lack of published empirical data on the substantive outcomes of higher learning and the establishment of quality processes for determining them. Studies that do exist are nationally focused with available rankings of institutions reflecting neither the quality of teaching and learning nor the diversity of institutions. This article…

French, Erica; Summers, Jane; Kinash, Shelley; Lawson, Romy; Taylor, Tracy; Herbert, James; Fallshaw, Eveline; Hall, Cathy

2014-01-01

450

[Safety and quality assurance management in radiation oncology "what is the role for qualiticians?": example of the Centre Alexis Vautrin].  

PubMed

Since 2007, the Centre Alexis-Vautrin Cancer Institute in Nancy began its safety and quality assurance management policy in the department of radiation oncology. This development induced a collaborative workflow between the quality unit and the department of radiation oncology, with a definition of the responsibilities. The quality unit provides its methodology for the quality assurance, the professionals of the radiation oncology department their expertise. In parallel, a quality referee was nominated in the radiation oncology department to implement the projects for improvement, linked with the quality assurance unit, and under the control of the radiation oncology department staff. PMID:19695930

Aigle, D; Sobczyk, C; Androni, M-L; Peiffert, D; Beckendorf, V; Marchesi, V; Buchheit, I; Noel, A

2009-10-01

451

Fiber optic quality assurance at the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

A large number of fiber optic cables were used in support of a neutron imaging experiment at the Nevada Test Site. This paper describes the quality control testing of fiber components used on this experiment. The principal reason for quality control testing was to ensure reliable, high transmission fibers; a secondary reason was to gain data on a large sample of fiber cables in the field. Also described is the instrumentation developed for carrying out these field measurements. The design of the quality control instrumentation was a compromise between accuracy and simplicity of use.

Manning, J.; Baumgart, S.; Malone, R.; Thayer, D.

1981-01-01

452

7 CFR 90.102 - Quality assurance review.  

...evaluation will include: (1) A review of the adequacy of quality control...and its related products; (2) A review of the laboratory methodologies and procedures; (3) A review of records for the calibration...

2014-01-01

453

Print quality challenges for the next decade  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The decade of the eighties has seen a remarkable transformation in the performance and capabilities of shared and personal printers. Dramatic gains have been made in four key areas: cost, throughput, reliability and most significantly, print quality. The improvements in text print quality due to algorithmic fonts and increased resolution have been pivotal in the creation of the desktop publishing market. Electronic pre-press systems now include hardware to receive Postscript files accompanied by color originals for scanning and separation. These systems have application in the commercial printing of a wide variety of material e.g. books, magazines, brochures, newspapers. The vision of the future of hardcopy now embraces the full spectrum from typeset text to full color reproduction of natural images due to the advent of grayscale and color capability in printer technology. This will place increased demands for improvements in print quality, particularly in the use of grayscale and color. This paper gives an overview of the challenges which must be met and discusses data communication standards and print quality measurement techniques as a means of meeting these challenges for both color and black and white output.

Meyer, John D.

1990-07-01

454

Closing the Gap: The Maturing of Quality Assurance in Australian University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A benchmarking review of the quality assurance practices of the libraries of the Australian Technology Network conducted in 2006 revealed exemplars of best practice, but also sector-wide gaps. A follow-up review in 2010 indicated the best practices that remain relevant. While some gaps persist, there has been improvement across the libraries and…

Tang, Karen

2012-01-01

455

Systematically Evaluating the Effectiveness of Quality Assurance Programmes in Leading to Improvements in Institutional Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education institutions worldwide invest significant resources in their quality assurance systems. Little empirical evidence exists that demonstrates the effectiveness (or otherwise) of these systems. Methodological approaches for determining effectiveness are also underdeveloped. Self-study-with-peer-review is a widely used model for…

Lillis, Deirdre

2012-01-01

456

Minimum Indicators to Assure Quality of LMS-Supported Blended Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes a set of institutional indicators that suggest minimum standards for the quality assurance of learning supported by learning management systems in blended contexts. The indicators are evaluated by comparing seven universities that use a common learning management system to support student learning experiences. The responses to…

Ellis, Robert A.; Calvo, Rafael A.

2007-01-01

457

From External Inspection to Self-Evaluation: A Study of Quality Assurance in Hong Kong Kindergartens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Hong Kong launched the new mechanism of the Quality Assurance Inspection (QAI) in 2000 to enforce accountability and school improvement in the sector of early childhood education. The QAI comprises 3 stages: school self-evaluation, external inspection, and release of the QAI report to the public. To understand the roles of…

Wong, Margaret N. C.; Li, Hui

2010-01-01

458

A Wearable Computer for Quality Assurance Inspectors in a Food Processing Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

We were asked to try to improve the performance of quality assurance inspectors in a food processing plant. These workers walk around a very large, very loud, football field-sized plant and take food samples at various processing points. The workers pick up a sample, make a measurement (for example, temperature), wipe their hands on a paper towel, then use a

Lawrence J. Najjar; J. Christopher Thompson; Jennifer J. Ockerman

1997-01-01

459

Global review of health care surveys using lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS), 1984–2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a global review on the use of lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) to assess health care services, health behaviors, and disease burden. Publications and reports on LQAS surveys were sought from Medline and five other electronic databases; the World Health Organization; the World Bank; governments, nongovernmental organizations, and individual scientists. We identified a total of 805 LQAS surveys

Susan E. Robertson; Joseph J. Valadez

2006-01-01

460

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCEDURES: METHOD 28 CERTIFICATION AND AUDITING OF WOOD HEATERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality assurance procedures are contained in this comprehensive document intended to be used as an aid for wood heater manufacturers and testing laboratories in performing particulate matter sampling of wood heaters according to EPA protocol, Method 28. These procedures may be u...

461

Quality Assurance in Gerontological and Geriatric Training Programs: The European Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance (QA) in gerontological and geriatric education programs is regarded as essential to maintain standards, strengthen accountability, improve readability of qualifications, and facilitate professional mobility. In this article the authors present a summary of international developments in QA and elaborate four international trends,…

Politynska, Barbara; van Rijsselt, Rene J. T.; Lewko, Jolanta; Philp, Ian; Figueiredo, Daniella; De Sousa, Lilliana

2012-01-01

462

Conflicting Expertise and Uncertainty: Quality Assurance in High-Level Radioactive Waste Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dynamics of a large, expensive, and controversial surface and underground evaluation of a radioactive waste management program at the Yucca Mountain power plant are reviewed. The use of private contractors in the quality assurance study complicates the evaluation. This case study illustrates high stakes evaluation problems. (SLD)

Fitzgerald, Michael R.; McCabe, Amy Snyder

1991-01-01

463

Complexity in Quality Assurance in a Rapidly Growing Free Economic Environment: A UAE Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Knowledge and Human Development Authority in Dubai has developed an innovative system of quality assurance designed to ensure that the appropriate international standards are being maintained through this cross-border method of delivery. This paper describes and provides the strategic rationale for this new model of "validation" and sets it in…

Rawazik, Wessen; Carroll, Martin

2009-01-01

464

Quality Assurance of Transnational Education in the English-Speaking Caribbean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of national and regional developments relating to quality assurance and accreditation systems in the three main countries having a campus of the University of the West Indies, Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, provides an appreciation of some of the emerging provisions in the region to respond to the concerns of the…

Gift, Sandra; Leo-Rhynie, Elsa; Moniquette, Jacqueline

2006-01-01

465

Evaluation of conventional electric power generating industry quality assurance and reliability practices  

SciTech Connect

The techniques and practices utilized in an allied industry (electric power generation) that might serve as a baseline for formulating Quality Assurance and Reliability (QA and R) procedures for photovoltaic solar energy systems were studied. The study results provide direct near-term input for establishing validation methods as part of the SERI performance criteria and test standards development task.

Anderson, R.T.; Lauffenburger, H.A.

1981-03-01

466

Quality Assurance at a Distance: International Accreditation in Taiwan Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the global competitiveness in higher education, the government, in recent years, has encouraged Taiwan colleges and universities to seek international accreditation, which raises several questions, such as jurisdiction over national accreditation, a single set of standards for local and global quality assurance, demand for the…

Hou, Angela Yung-Chi

2011-01-01

467

Benchmarks and Quality Assurance for Online Course Development in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As online education has entered the main stream of the U.S. higher education, quality assurance in online course development has become a critical topic in distance education. This short article summarizes the major benchmarks related to online course development, listing and comparing the benchmarks of the National Education Association (NEA),…

Wang, Hong

2008-01-01

468

Fading of auramine-stained mycobacterial smears and implications for external quality assurance.  

PubMed

Light-emitting diode fluorescence microscopy is being scaled up for tuberculosis control, but fading of auramine-stained slides could compromise external quality assurance. We stored auramine-stained slides and reexamined them over time. Slides stored in all environments faded quickly, with significant changes in the proportion of positive slides in as little as 1 week. PMID:21430105

Minion, Jessica; Shenai, Shubhada; Vadwai, Viral; Tipnis, Tejashree; Greenaway, Christina; Menzies, Dick; Ramsay, Andrew; Rodrigues, Camilla; Pai, Madhukar

2011-05-01

469

Academic Standards in South African Universities and Proposals for Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons for differences in academic standards in new and established South African universities are attributed to a fragmented educational system, disparities in student enrollment and staffing, and lack of a culture of learning. Areas requiring attention before quality assurance can be implemented are identified, and recommendations are made.…

Strydom, Andries H.; Noruwana, Justice

1993-01-01

470

A Validity-Based Approach to Quality Control and Assurance of Automated Scoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automated scoring of constructed responses is already operational in several testing programmes. However, as the methodology matures and the demand for the utilisation of constructed responses increases, the volume of automated scoring is likely to increase at a fast pace. Quality assurance and control of the scoring process will likely be more…

Bejar, Isaac I.

2011-01-01

471

QUALITY ASSURANCE TESTING OF VERSION 1.3 OF U.S. EPA BENCHMARK DOSE SOFTWARE  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA benchmark dose software (BMDS) issued to evaluate chemical dose-response data in support of Agency risk assessments, and must therefore be dependable. Quality assurance testing methods developed for BMDS were designed to assess model dependability with respect to curve-fitt...

472

Accrediting Organizations in the United States: How Do They Operate to Assure Quality? Fact Sheet #5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accreditation is the primary means by which the quality of higher education institutions and programs is assured in the United States. Accreditation is a form of self-regulation in which colleges, universities and programs have come together to develop standards, policies and procedures for self-examination and judgment by peers. In 2005,…

Council for Higher Education Accreditation, 2006

2006-01-01

473

AN INTRA-ACTIVE WEB BASED RESEARCH PLAN/QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

A web-based Research Plan/Quality Assurance Project Plan document is interactively linked to documentation that asks pertinent questions and gives suggested examples and formats, to assist Research Scientists in developing a RP/QAPP of correct detail and format to facilitate rapi...

474

Assuring Quality in Belizean Higher Education: A Collective Case Study of Institutional Perspectives and Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative research study used a collective case study design to explore quality assurance practices and perceptions within Belize's higher education institutions. Despite the passage of the National Accreditation Council of Belize Act (NACB Act) in 2004, the Council was never established and there remains, to date, no formal external…

Villanueva, Neulin Nelson

2012-01-01

475

INTERIM EPA GUIDANCE FOR GEOSPATIAL-RELATED QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

This guidance supplements EPA Guidance for Quality,Assurance Project Plans (EPA QA/G-5), in that the focus here is on collection and use of geospatial rather than other environmental data (e.g., strictly chemical or biological data), including unique aspects of data storage, retr...

476

CSMRI Site Remediation Quality Assurance Project Plan March 30, 2004 TABLE OF CONTENTS  

E-print Network

CSMRI Site Remediation Quality Assurance Project Plan March 30, 2004 TASK PLAN TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 project work plans. The Task Plan also will be part of the Site Decommissioning Plan. The 6-acre Site...........................................................................................................................1 2.0 Project Work Plans

477

PREPARING PERFECT PROJECT PLANS: A POCKET GUIDE FOR THE PREPARATION OF QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Pocket Guide helps you prepare Quality Assurance (QA) Project Plans thoroughly and easily. he Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory (RREL) utilizes a four-tiered project category approach in order to more effectively focus QA with respect to the intended use of the data and ...

478

THE IMPORTANCE OF A SUCCESSFUL QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) PROGRAM FROM A RESEARCH MANAGER'S PERSPECTIVE  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper discusses the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division's Quality Assurance (QA) program and the approaches used to meet QA requirements in the Division. The presentation is a technical manager's perspective of the Division's requirements for and approach to QA in i...

479

RESEARCH AND QUALITY ASSURANCE METHODS USED IN THE EMAP PRAIRIE WETLANDS PILOT STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

This document provides an interim summary of the research methods and quality assurance (QA) activities used during the Prairie Wetlands Pilot Study, which is part of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP). he Prair...

480

On the Relationship of External Quality Assurance and Equity: Can They Converge on National Policy Agendas?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the findings of exploratory research on the relationship of external quality assurance (EQA) systems and equity policies conducted at the UNESCO Institute for Educational Planning. Authors from Australia, Brazil, India and South Africa were invited to discuss this relationship in the context of their respective higher…

Martin, Michaela

2009-01-01

481

International Conference on Quality Assurance and New Techniques in Radiation Medicine (QANTRM)  

Cancer.gov

November 13, 2006 12:00 AM - November 15, 2006 12:00 AM Vienna, Austria + Add to Outlook Calendar Organized by the International Atomic Energy Agency Print This Page International Conference on Quality Assurance and New Techniques in Radiation Medicine

482

9-1 2001 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CHAPTER 9: QUALITY ASSURANCE  

E-print Network

and expectations. For environmental monitoring, QA is defined as an integrated system of management activities9-1 2001 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CHAPTER 9: QUALITY ASSURANCE 2001 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT is an integral part of every activity at Brookhaven National Laboratory. A comprehensive program is in place

Homes, Christopher C.

483

Quality Assurance Strategies of Higher Education in Iraq and Kurdistan: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on two different strategies that have been implemented in Iraq to improve quality assurance in the higher education sector in Iraq. One strategy has been developed by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Baghdad. It involved conducting a pilot study at the University of Babylon. This pilot included…

Kaghed, Nabeel; Dezaye, Ahmed

2009-01-01

484

QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN: LOVE CANAL STUDY. APPENDIX Q. SUBCONTRACTORS' QA PLANS  

EPA Science Inventory

IIT Research Institute (IITRI) has been subcontracted by GCA/Technology Division (GCA) to perform quality assurance checks on ambient air samples taken in the Love Canal area of Niagara Falls, NY. Specifically, the subcontract requires the quantitative analysis of nine QA/QC Tena...

485

Clinical Quality Assurance Surveillance and Targeted Interventions: Managing Unfavorable Trends in a Dental School Clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dental schools establish quality assurance (QA) programs that are intended to improve patient care, comply with requirements of liability carriers and regulatory agencies, and maintain accreditation. Data collection, trend analysis, and interventions are typically used in QA programs to monitor and improve compliance. The purpose of this article is to discuss unfavorable trends and examine the effect of targeted interventions

Terry E. Hoover; Jeffrey Kirk; Richard E. Fredekind

486

Quality assurance consideration for cement-based grout technology programs at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed and is continuing to refine a method of immobilizing low-level radioactive liquid wastes by mixing them with cementitious dry-solid blends. A quality assurance program is vital to the project because Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state environmental regulations must be demonstrably met (the work must be defensible in a court

E. W. McDaniel; O. K. Tallent; T. L. Sams; D. B. Delzer

1987-01-01

487

A Functional Model of Quality Assurance for Psychiatric Hospitals and Corresponding Staffing Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model for quality assurance (QA) in psychiatric hospitals is described. Its functions (general QA, utilization review, clinical records, evaluation, management information systems, risk management, and infection control), subfunctions, and corresponding staffing requirements are reviewed. This model was designed to foster standardization in QA…

Kamis-Gould, Edna; And Others

1991-01-01

488

Design of an anthropomorphic intensity modulated radiation therapy quality assurance phantom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Radiation Physics Center (RPC), as part of its commitment to the Advanced Technology Consortium, is developing an anthropomorphic quality assurance phantom for the purpose of reviewing IMRT treatment modalities at institutions participating in NCI cooperative clinical trials. This study investigates the use of an inhomogeneous anthropomorphic phantom for dose verification of IMRT delivery modalities (compensators, dynamic MLC and serial

Dee-Ann Radford; David S. Followill; W. F. Hanson

2000-01-01

489

Quality assurance plan for the High Level Controller for the CBMS Block II  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document establishes the software Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) for the High Level Controller for the Chemical and Biological Mass Spectrometer Block II (HLC\\/CBMS-II) project activities under the Computing, Robotics, and Education (CRE) Directorate management. It defines the requirements and assigns responsibilities for ensuring, with a high degree of confidence, that project objectives will be achieved as planned. The CBMS

R. W. Reid; I. F. Robbins; K. A. Stewart; C. L. Terry; R. A. Whitaker; D. A. Wolf; J. C. Zager

1997-01-01

490

Quality Assurance for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Services: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a comprehensive bibliography for all those in the alcohol, drug abuse and mental health fields who are developing and implementing programs for assuring quality in the services they provide. A major problem is the newness of the language and the unfamilarity with procedures required by the government and others seeking accountability from…

Towery, O. B.; And Others

491

ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PLAN FOR THE DETERMINATION OF PCDD/PCDF IN FISH  

EPA Science Inventory

This report describes the analytical procedures and quality assurance plan used for the determination of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in fish for Phase II of the U.S. EPA National Dioxin Study. These methods are based upon compound identification and quanti...

492

Quality Assurance and Risk Management: A Survey of Dental Schools and Recommendations for Integrated Program Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed U.S. and Canadian dental schools about integration of quality assurance (QA) and risk management (RM) and what mechanisms have been most effective in measuring accomplishments. Main findings included that a majority of schools had a written QA program and committee and many reported significant changes resulting from the program; over…

Fredekind, Richard E.; Cuny, Eve J.; Nadershahi, Nader A.

2002-01-01

493

Case for Quality Assurance in ESP [English For Specific Purposes] Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is now a need, just like in industry, for quality assurance in education, for injecting systematically planned and formal processes, precise definitions, objectivity, and measurability in education. The demand for educational excellence in industry is "out there," and companies in more advanced countries are partnering educational institutes…

Tan San Yee, Christine

494

Mind the Gap: An Analysis of How Quality Assurance Processes Influence Programme Assessment Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the relationship between the lack of visible attention to formative assessment in degree specifications and its marginalization in practice. Degree specification documents form part of the quality apparatus emphasizing the accountability and certification duties of assessment. Ironically, a framework designed to assure

Jessop, Tansy; McNab, Nicole; Gubby, Laura

2012-01-01

495

Accreditation and Quality Assurance for Professional Degree Programmes: Comparing Approaches in Three European Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last two decades, considerable progress has been made in establishing and implementing robust, comparable quality assurance processes throughout much of the European higher education sector. However, concerns persist over degree portability and recognition as current systems are rooted in national contexts. In particular, specialised…

Frank, Andrea; Kurth, Detlef; Mironowicz, Izabela

2012-01-01

496

USEPA QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITOR IS SCHEDULED FOR A VISIT. WHAT CAN I EXPECT?  

EPA Science Inventory

Environmental studies involving data collection activities conducted by or for the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) are required to undergo a review of their data collection activities. his review is usually in the form of an independent quality assurance (QA...

497

Quality Assurance Program Plan for Project W-379: Spent Nuclear Fuels Canister Storage Building Projec  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for the Spent Nuclear Fuels (SNF) Canister Storage Building (CSB) Project. The purpose of this QAPP is to control project activities ensuring achievement of the project mission in a safe, consistent and reliable manner.

Duncan, D.W.

1995-09-22

498

OIL SHALE SYMPOSIUM: SAMPLING, ANALYSIS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE-MARCH 1979  

EPA Science Inventory

The objective of this symposium was to provide a forum for the statement of the state-of-the-art in sampling, analysis, and quality assurance of the oil shale industry pollutants. Opinions from governmental and industrial research organizations were solicited as to the future nee...

499

QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS OF THE EPA STATE OPERATED PRECIPITATION COLLECTION NETWORK: 1987  

EPA Science Inventory

The collection of precipitation and the measurement of its constituents are important steps in attaining a better understanding of the distribution and effects of acid rain in the United States. This document is a report of the findings from quality assurance and technical assist...

500

QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS OF THE EPA (ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY) STATE-OPERATED PRECIPITATION COLLECTION NETWORK  

EPA Science Inventory

The document is a summary report of the findings from quality assurance and technical assistance visits made in 1985-86 to the 27 sites that comprise the State-Operated Precipitation Network. The network is staffed mainly by state environmental agencies and forestry commissions. ...