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1

New challenges in assuring vaccine quality.  

PubMed Central

In the past, quality control of vaccines depended on use of a variety of testing methods to ensure that the products were safe and potent. These methods were developed for vaccines whose safety and efficacy were based on several years worth of data. However, as vaccine production technologies have developed, so have the testing technologies. Tests are now able to detect potential hazards with a sensitivity not possible a few years ago, and an increasing array of physicochemical methods allows a much better characterization of the product. In addition to sophisticated tests, vaccine regulation entails a number of other procedures to ensure safety. These include characterization of starting materials by supplier audits, cell banking, seed lot systems, compliance with the principles of good manufacturing practices, independent release of vaccines on a lot-by-lot basis by national regulatory authorities, and enhanced pre- and post-marketing surveillance for possible adverse events following immunization. These procedures help assure vaccine efficacy and safety, and some examples are given in this article. However, some contaminants of vaccines that can be detected by newer assays raise theoretical safety concerns but their presence may be less hazardous than not giving the vaccines. Thus risk-benefit decisions must be well informed and based on scientific evidence. PMID:10743279

Dellepiane, N.; Griffiths, E.; Milstien, J. B.

2000-01-01

2

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive  

E-print Network

to continuously monitor glucose levels, allowing getting wet. with insulin injection times, meals, and exercise survey related 2 Use cases challenges. 2.1 Scenario 1 implanted glucose sensor and an electronic recorder

Kotz, David

3

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic medical conditions (such as blood-sugar sensors for diabetics), people seeking to change unhealthy behavior (such as losing weight or quitting smoking), or athletes wishing to monitor their condition and performance. To be effective, however, these systems must provide assurances about the quality of the sensor data. The sensors must be applied to the patient by a human, and the sensor data may be transported across multiple networks and devices before it is presented to the medical team. While no system can guarantee data quality, we anticipate that it will help for the system to annotate data with some measure of confidence. In this paper, we take a deeper look at potential health-monitoring usage scenarios and highlight research challenges required to ensure and assess quality of sensor data in health-monitoring systems.

Sriram, Janani; Shin, Minho; Kotz, David; Rajan, Anand; Sastry, Manoj; Yarvis, Mark

4

Challenges in Data Quality Assurance in Pervasive Health Monitoring Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wearable, portable, and implantable medical sensors have ushered in a new paradigm for healthcare in which patients can take\\u000a greater responsibility and caregivers can make well-informed, timely decisions. Health-monitoring systems built on such sensors\\u000a have huge potential benefit to the quality of healthcare and quality of life for many people, such as patients with chronic\\u000a medical conditions (such as blood-sugar

Janani Sriram; Minho Shin; David Kotz; Anand Rajan; Manoj Sastry; Mark Yarvis

2009-01-01

5

THE CHALLENGE OF QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR EMISSION FLUX MEASUREMENTS OF LARGE AREA SOURCES BY OPTICAL REMOTE SENSING  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper examines the quality assurance challenges associated with open path Fourier transform infrared (OPFTIR) measurements of large area pollution sources with plume reconstruction by computed tomography (CT) and how each challenge may be met. Traditionally, pollutant concent...

6

Comprehensive Genomic Studies: Emerging Regulatory, Strategic, and Quality Assurance Challenges for Biorepositories  

PubMed Central

As part of the molecular revolution sweeping medicine, comprehensive genomic studies are adding powerful dimensions to medical research. However, their power exposes new regulatory, strategic, and quality assurance challenges for biorepositories. A key issue is that unlike other research techniques commonly applied to banked specimens, nucleic acid sequencing, if sufficiently extensive, yields data that could identify a patient. This evolving paradigm renders the concepts of anonymized and anonymous specimens increasingly outdated. The challenges for biorepositories in this new era include refined consent processes and wording, selection and use of legacy specimens, quality assurance procedures, institutional documentation, data sharing, and interaction with institutional review boards. Given current trends, biorepositories should consider these issues now, even if they are not currently experiencing sample requests for genomic analysis. We summarize our current experiences and best practices at Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, our perceptions of emerging trends, and recommendations. PMID:22706855

McDonald, Sandra A.; Mardis, Elaine R.; Ota, David; Watson, Mark A.; Pfeifer, John D.; Green, Jonathan M.

2012-01-01

7

Challenges to quality assurance and improvement efforts in behavioral health organizations: a qualitative assessment.  

PubMed

Behavioral health organizations have been increasingly required to implement plans to monitor and improve service quality. This qualitative study explores challenges that quality assurance and improvement (QA/I) personnel experience in performing their job in those practice settings. Sixteen QA/I personnel from different agencies in St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A., were interviewed face-to-face using a semi-structured instrument to capture challenges and a questionnaire to capture participant and agency characteristics. Data analysis followed a grounded theory approach. Challenges involved agency resources, agency buy-in, personnel training, competing demands, shifting standards, authority, and research capacity. Further research is needed to assess these challenges given expected outcomes. PMID:22160806

Zayas, Luis E; McMillen, J Curtis; Lee, Madeline Y; Books, Samantha J

2013-05-01

8

Internal Quality Assurance--Facing Common Challenges. ENQA Workshop Report 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual meeting of the ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) IQA (internal quality assurance) Group gathered some 60 participants in the premises of the Accreditation Organisation of the Netherlands and Flanders (NVAO) in The Hague in June 2009. This seminar was a successful follow-up to the first ENQA IQA…

Blackstock, Douglas; Harvey, Lee; Szanto, Tibor; Pyykko, Riitta; Aelterman, Guy; Lopez-Benitez, Mariano; Vera-Toscano, Esperanza; Fereres, Elias; Cassagne, Claude; Dhainaut, Jean-Francois; Lykova, Viktoriya; Babyn, Ivan

2010-01-01

9

Quality Assurance [for Persons with Developmental Disabilities].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter feature issue focuses on quality assurance and innovative efforts to enhance service quality for persons with developmental disabilities. Individual articles include: "Redesigning Quality Assurance" (Clarence J. Sundram); "Quality Assurance, Quality Enhancement" (Charlie Lakin et al.); "Challenging Tradition: Measuring Quality by…

Lakin, Charlie, Ed.; And Others

1993-01-01

10

QUALITY ASSURANCE UPDATE  

EPA Science Inventory

An overview of the air pollution quality assurance program as implemented by EMSL/RTP is presented. The discussion includes method standardization operations for both ambient air and stationary source measurements, the quality assurance audit program, the ambient air equivalency ...

11

The 300 Area Integrated Field Research Challenge Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a group of expert collaborators are using the U.S. Department of Energy Hanford Site 300 Area uranium plume within the footprint of the 300-FF-5 groundwater operable unit as a site for an Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC). The IFRC is entitled Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on the Hanford Site 300 Area Uranium Plume Project. The theme is investigation of multi-scale mass transfer processes. A series of forefront science questions on mass transfer are posed for research that relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements/approaches needed to characterize and model a mass transfer-dominated system. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the 300 Area IFRC Project. This plan is designed to be used exclusively by project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2009-04-29

12

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

13

Implementing Quality Assurance at Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Perceptions, Practices and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality Assurance in higher education has been an ongoing international issue for discussion. As higher education institutions move toward an era of accountability and accreditation, groups of stakeholders require proof of high-quality academic programs and services from higher education providers. Since the mid-1990s, most providers have strived…

Ros, Soveacha

2010-01-01

14

Coping with Quality Assurance Challenges Faced by Secondary Schools' Headteachers in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since independence, the Kenyan government has demonstrated its commitment to the provision of quality secondary school education through allocation of financial resources, provision of trained teachers and establishment of quality assurance department. However, despite the substantial allocation of resources, secondary schools still face major…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, Benjamin A.

2011-01-01

15

Why Quality Assurance?  

PubMed Central

Quality assurance programs in radiology are essential and each radiologist must be committed to exert comprehensive efforts toward excellent quality control. Identification and evaluation of a radiological problem, corrective action, and good record keeping are essential features of a well-managed quality assurance program. This paper discusses the background and impact of these programs on providing safe radiologic services to patients. PMID:7218367

Alexander, Leslie L.; Lewis, Nathan

1981-01-01

16

Quality Assurance Needs for Modern Image-Based Radiotherapy: Recommendations From 2007 Interorganizational Symposium on 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology'  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the consensus findings and recommendations emerging from 2007 Symposium, 'Quality Assurance of Radiation Therapy: Challenges of Advanced Technology.' The Symposium was held in Dallas February 20-22, 2007. The 3-day program, which was sponsored jointly by the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), and National Cancer Institute (NCI), included >40 invited speakers from the radiation oncology and industrial engineering/human factor communities and attracted nearly 350 attendees, mostly medical physicists. A summary of the major findings follows. The current process of developing consensus recommendations for prescriptive quality assurance (QA) tests remains valid for many of the devices and software systems used in modern radiotherapy (RT), although for some technologies, QA guidance is incomplete or out of date. The current approach to QA does not seem feasible for image-based planning, image-guided therapies, or computer-controlled therapy. In these areas, additional scientific investigation and innovative approaches are needed to manage risk and mitigate errors, including a better balance between mitigating the risk of catastrophic error and maintaining treatment quality, complimenting the current device-centered QA perspective by a more process-centered approach, and broadening community participation in QA guidance formulation and implementation. Industrial engineers and human factor experts can make significant contributions toward advancing a broader, more process-oriented, risk-based formulation of RT QA. Healthcare administrators need to appropriately increase personnel and ancillary equipment resources, as well as capital resources, when new advanced technology RT modalities are implemented. The pace of formalizing clinical physics training must rapidly increase to provide an adequately trained physics workforce for advanced technology RT. The specific recommendations of the Symposium included the following. First, the AAPM, in cooperation with other advisory bodies, should undertake a systematic program to update conventional QA guidance using available risk-assessment methods. Second, the AAPM advanced technology RT Task Groups should better balance clinical process vs. device operation aspects-encouraging greater levels of multidisciplinary participation such as industrial engineering consultants and use-risk assessment and process-flow techniques. Third, ASTRO should form a multidisciplinary subcommittee, consisting of physician, physicist, vendor, and industrial engineering representatives, to better address modern RT quality management and QA needs. Finally, government and private entities committed to improved healthcare quality and safety should support research directed toward addressing QA problems in image-guided therapies.

Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States)], E-mail: jwilliamson@mcvh-vcu.edu; Dunscombe, Peter B. [University of Calgary, Calgary, AB (Canada); Sharpe, Michael B. [Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, ON (Canada); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Purdy, James A. [University of California-Davis, Sacramento, CA (United States); Deye, James A. [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)

2008-05-01

17

Quality Assurance for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

2010-01-01

18

Software Quality Assurance Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is a planned and systematic set of activities that ensures conformance of software life cycle processes and products conform to requirements, standards and procedures. In software development, software quality means meeting requirements and a degree of excellence and refinement of a project or product. Software Quality is a set of attributes of a software product by which its quality is described and evaluated. The set of attributes includes functionality, reliability, usability, efficiency, maintainability, and portability. Software Metrics help us understand the technical process that is used to develop a product. The process is measured to improve it and the product is measured to increase quality throughout the life cycle of software. Software Metrics are measurements of the quality of software. Software is measured to indicate the quality of the product, to assess the productivity of the people who produce the product, to assess the benefits derived from new software engineering methods and tools, to form a baseline for estimation, and to help justify requests for new tools or additional training. Any part of the software development can be measured. If Software Metrics are implemented in software development, it can save time, money, and allow the organization to identify the caused of defects which have the greatest effect on software development. The summer of 2004, I worked with Cynthia Calhoun and Frank Robinson in the Software Assurance/Risk Management department. My task was to research and collect, compile, and analyze SQA Metrics that have been used in other projects that are not currently being used by the SA team and report them to the Software Assurance team to see if any metrics can be implemented in their software assurance life cycle process.

McRae, Kalindra A.

2004-01-01

19

Quality Assurance Challenges for Motion-Adaptive Radiation Therapy: Gating, Breath Holding, and Four-Dimensional Computed Tomography  

SciTech Connect

Compared with conventional three-dimensional (3D) conformal radiation therapy and intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatments, quality assurance (QA) for motion-adaptive radiation therapy involves various challenges because of the added temporal dimension. Here we discuss those challenges for three specific techniques related to motion-adaptive therapy: namely respiratory gating, breath holding, and four-dimensional computed tomography. Similar to the introduction of any other new technologies in clinical practice, typical QA measures should be taken for these techniques also, including initial testing of equipment and clinical procedures, as well as frequent QA examinations during the early stage of implementation. Here, rather than covering every QA aspect in depth, we focus on some major QA challenges. The biggest QA challenge for gating and breath holding is how to ensure treatment accuracy when internal target position is predicted using external surrogates. Recommended QA measures for each component of treatment, including simulation, planning, patient positioning, and treatment delivery and verification, are discussed. For four-dimensional computed tomography, some major QA challenges have also been discussed.

Jiang, Steve B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)], E-mail: sbjiang@ucsd.edu; Wolfgang, John [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Mageras, Gig S. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2008-05-01

20

The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

1993-03-01

21

Secondary School Headteachers' Quality Assurance Strategies and Challenges in Gucha District, Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The desire to provide quality education for all Kenyan children was one of the major objectives of the struggle for independence. The government is currently implementing measures to improve the quality of education in secondary schools. The Kenya Education Staff Institute is strengthening capacities of education managers and reviewing staffing…

Mobegi, Florence Osiri; Ondigi, A. Benjamin; Oburu, Paul Odhiambo

2010-01-01

22

Construction quality assurance report  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary of the construction quality assurance (CQA) observation and test results, including: The results of the geosynthetic and soil materials conformance testing. The observation and testing results associates with the installation of the soil liners. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the HDPE geomembrane liner systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the leachate collection and removal systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the working surfaces. The observation and testing results associated with in-plant manufacturing process. Summary of submittal reviews by Golder Construction Services, Inc. The submittal and certification of the piping material specifications. The observation and verification associated of the Acceptance Test Procedure results of the operational equipment functions. Summary of the ECNs which are incorporated into the project.

Roscha, V.

1994-09-08

23

Assuring Quality in Educational Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance methods are seldom used in educational evaluations despite ample evidence of serious research implementation problems and data errors. In this paper a number of quality assurance methods are illustrated using evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, School District. The methods are as follows: (a) from auditing, the method of internal control; (b) from accounting, the method

William M. K. Trochim; Ronald J. Visco

1986-01-01

24

Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebooks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes that are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, NASA-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the NASA concepts and practices in software assurance. Second level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the second level Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebook that describes software quality assurance audits in a way that is compatible with practices at NASA Centers.

1990-01-01

25

[Ballistic quality assurance].  

PubMed

This review describes the ballistic quality assurance for stereotactic intracranial irradiation treatments delivered with Gamma Knife® either dedicated or adapted medical linear accelerators. Specific and periodic controls should be performed in order to check the mechanical stability for both irradiation and collimation systems. If this step remains under the responsibility of the medical physicist, it should be done in agreement with the manufacturer's technical support. At this time, there are no recent published guidelines. With technological developments, both frequency and accuracy should be assessed in each institution according to the treatment mode: single versus hypofractionnated dose, circular collimator versus micro-multileaf collimators. In addition, "end-to-end" techniques are mandatory to find the origin of potential discrepancies and to estimate the global ballistic accuracy of the delivered treatment. Indeed, they include frames, non-invasive immobilization devices, localizers, multimodal imaging for delineation and in-room positioning imaging systems. The final precision that could be reasonably achieved is more or less 1mm. PMID:22632786

Cassol, E; Bonnet, J; Porcheron, D; Mazeron, J-J; Peiffert, D; Alapetite, C

2012-06-01

26

Redefining and expanding quality assurance.  

PubMed

To meet the current standards of excellence necessary for blood establishments, we have learned from industry that a movement toward organization-wide quality assurance/total quality management must be made. Everyone in the organization must accept responsibility for participating in providing the highest quality products and services. Quality must be built into processes and design systems to support these quality processes. Quality assurance has been redefined to include a quality planning function described as the most effective way of designing quality into processes. A formalized quality planning process must be part of quality assurance. Continuous quality improvement has been identified as the strategy every blood establishment must support while striving for error-free processing as the long-term objective. The auditing process has been realigned to support and facilitate this same objective. Implementing organization-wide quality assurance/total quality management is one proven plan for guaranteeing the quality of the 20 million products that are transfused into 4 million patients each year and for moving toward the new order. PMID:1286566

Robins, J L

1992-12-01

27

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in Australian Higher Education: The Challenge of Balancing Academic Rigour, Equity and Quality Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The renewal of quality in Australian higher education comes at a time of significant change in the external policy framework. Such changes are timely due to the growth of higher education and the emergence of the quality and equity agenda in the context of ongoing decline in public funding. The article provides an overview of current quality…

Shah, Mahsood; Lewis, Ione; Fitzgerald, Robert

2011-01-01

28

QUALITY ASSURANCE: ORGANIZATION, CATALYTIC, TECHNICAL  

EPA Science Inventory

In a normal quality system, two distinct levels of quality assurance (QA) requirements are addressed: the organizational (or institutional) level and the technical (or project) level. ynamic quality systems, on the other hand, not only include the normal components but also integ...

29

Thoughts on Internal and External Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance of higher education is made up of two parts: internal quality assurance (IQA) and external quality assurance (EQA). Both belong to a union of the coexistence and balance of yin and yang. But in reality there exists a paradox of "confusion of quality assurance (QA) subject consciousness, singularity of social QA and lack of QA…

Zhang, Jianxin

2012-01-01

30

Internal Quality Assurance Reviews: Challenges and Processes--Walter Sisulu University's Business, Management Sciences and Law Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council for Higher Educations' (CHE) Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC) requires internal quality evaluations to be performed on the various programmes offered by the Faculty before visitation by the HEQC. This article examines some of the challenges and processes followed by six of the departments of Walter Sisulu University's Faculty…

Moodly, A.; Saunderson, I.

2008-01-01

31

Microbiological, Geochemical and Hydrologic Processes Controlling Uranium Mobility: An Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge Site at Rifle, Colorado, Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is cleaning up and/or monitoring large, dilute plumes contaminated by metals, such as uranium and chromium, whose mobility and solubility change with redox status. Field-scale experiments with acetate as the electron donor have stimulated metal-reducing bacteria to effectively remove uranium [U(VI)] from groundwater at the Uranium Mill Tailings Site in Rifle, Colorado. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and a multidisciplinary team of national laboratory and academic collaborators has embarked on a research proposed for the Rifle site, the object of which is to gain a comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of the microbial factors and associated geochemistry controlling uranium mobility so that DOE can confidently remediate uranium plumes as well as support stewardship of uranium-contaminated sites. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Rifle Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge Project.

Fix, N. J.

2008-01-07

32

Assuring Quality in Education Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of quality assurance educational evaluation methods are illustrated. Evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, school district are used. The methods are: (1) from auditing, internal control; (2) from accounting, double bookkeeping; and (3) from industrial quality control, acceptance sampling and cumulative percentage…

Trochim, William M. K.; Visco, Ronald J.

1986-01-01

33

Total quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quality, cost, and schedule are three factors affecting the competitiveness of a company; they require balancing so that products of acceptable quality are delivered, on time and at a competitive cost. Quality costs comprise investment in quality maintenance and failure costs which arise from failure to maintain standards. The basic principle for achieving the required quality at minimum cost is that of prevention of failures, etc., through production control, attention to manufacturing practices, and appropriate management and training. Total quality control involves attention to the product throughout its life cycle, including in-service performance evaluation, servicing, and maintenance.

Louzon, E.

1989-12-01

34

Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry: 1980  

SciTech Connect

The continuing quality assurance effort by the Environmental Surveillance Group is presented. Included are all standard materials now in use, their consensus or certified concentrations, quality control charts, and all quality assurance measurements made by H-8 during 1980.

Gladney, E.S.; Goode, W.E.; Perrin, D.R.; Burns, C.E.

1981-09-01

35

Quality Assurance Code of Practice Introduction  

E-print Network

and efficient quality management framework, assuring itself and external bodies of the quality and standards for the development, implementation and review of the quality management framework and the inclusion of elements1 Quality Assurance Code of Practice Introduction 1. Content 1.1 The University's Quality Assurance

Burton, Geoffrey R.

36

Quality Assurance Made Easy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help adult learners realize the importance and necessity of implementing continuous quality improvement (CQI) in a rapidly changing, competitive, and modern world of work, this document presents a comprehensive explanation of CQI. The following topics are discussed in the book's introduction and seven chapters: importance of quality in…

Villemaire, Lorry

37

Microbiology: methodology and quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

A literature review with 156 references dealing with the methodologies and quality assurance procedures of water pollution microbiology is presented. Recent methods research has investigated improved isolation and enumeration procedures including membrane filter, most probable number, plating, direct count, and noncultural methods; sampling techniques; identification systems; rapid methods; and screening tests for toxic/mutagenic materials using bacterial bioassays.(KRM)

Bordner, R.H.

1982-06-01

38

Assuring Quality in Collaborative Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin is intended to help British further education colleges clarify their rationale for entering into collaborative programs, assess prospective partners, define and implement good practice at all stages of provision, and establish rigorous quality assurance procedures. Following an introduction, Further Education Funding Council…

Bocock, Jean; Edwards, Judith

1998-01-01

39

Quality Assurance in School Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School nurses need to become more influential administrators, managers, and entrepreneurs. They must learn to lead and collaborate effectively in designing, implementing, and evaluating coordinated school health programs. Quality assurance is an essential ingredient in this process that requires accurate, timely, and confidential incident…

Newell, Susan; Schoenike, Sumner L.; Lisko, Elaine A.

2003-01-01

40

Quality in Cross-Border Higher Education and Challenges for the Internationalization of National Quality Assurance Agencies in the Asia-Pacific Region: The Taiwanese Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cross-border higher education has created a need to build capacity -- particularly in the internationalization dimension -- for national quality assurance agencies to evaluate cross-border education provided by foreign educational providers, or jointly by local and foreign institutions. This is quickly becoming a key issue in the Asia-Pacific…

Hou, Angela Yung-chi

2014-01-01

41

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2011-01-01

42

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2014-01-01

43

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2012-01-01

44

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2010-01-01

45

10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality...

2013-01-01

46

Assuring Residential Quality: Issues, Approaches and Instruments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report begins with discussion of several issues in the field of quality assurance in residential services for individuals with developmental disabilities. The issues include definitions of key terms, the role of ideology, major types of quality assurance, and dimensions of quality assurance. The report takes the position that primary values…

Bersani, Hank A., Jr.

47

Helical tomotherapy dynamic quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

A multifaceted tomotherapy quality assurance procedure has been developed. This procedure tests most of the features inherent in the tomotherapy Hi-Art device. This includes the megavoltage imaging quality, spatial and temporal accuracy of the dynamic delivery properties, as well as more traditional beam output characteristics. This is accomplished with a specialized multichannel electrometer that measures collected charge every 100 ms and a Virtual Water cylindrical phantom that holds many ion chambers and differing density insert plugs. Both devices are offered with the Hi-Art product. These tests are presented as well as their sensitivity to beam and delivery variations.

Balog, John; Holmes, Tim; Vaden, Richard [Mohawk Valley Medical Physics, Rome, New York 13440 (United States); St. Agnes HealthCare, Baltimore, Maryland 21229-5299 (United States); E.C. Rost Oncology LLC, Tallahassee, Florida (United States)

2006-10-15

48

Quality assurance of field screening  

SciTech Connect

As the costs of collecting, shipping, and analyzing samples for environmental compliance have increased, ways of reducing those costs have been pursued, including field screening methods. Field personnel have long wanted methods that are portable, easy to use, sensitive for all regulated compounds and elements, and approved for use by all regulators. However, field methods do not currently meet these needs, and thus data quality for these methods must be established. The proper amount of quality assurance on field screening methods cannot be easily standardized or prescribed for all field screening. Many field methods have not been documented sufficiently. To ensure that data of known quality is produced from field methods, the significant aspects of the operation of that method, including performance, must be determined and documented. The DOE's Laboratory Management Branch (EM-532) has initiated a program to assess the numbers and types of field methods both in the literature and available commercially.

Leasure, C.S.

1991-01-01

49

Quality Assurance for Clinical Trials  

PubMed Central

Cooperative groups, of which the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group is one example, conduct national clinical trials that often involve the use of radiation therapy. In preparation for such a trial, the cooperative group prepares a protocol to define the goals of the trial, the rationale for its design, and the details of the treatment procedure to be followed. The Radiological Physics Center (RPC) is one of several quality assurance (QA) offices that is charged with assuring that participating institutions deliver doses that are clinically consistent and comparable. The RPC does this by conducting a variety of independent audits and credentialing processes. The RPC has compiled data showing that credentialing can help institutions comply with the requirements of a cooperative group clinical protocol. Phantom irradiations have been demonstrated to exercise an institution’s procedures for planning and delivering advanced external beam techniques (1–3). Similarly, RPC data indicate that a rapid review of patient treatment records or planning procedures can improve compliance with clinical trials (4). The experiences of the RPC are presented as examples of the contributions that a national clinical trials QA center can make to cooperative group trials. These experiences illustrate the critical need for comprehensive QA to assure that clinical trials are successful and cost-effective. The RPC is supported by grants CA 10953 and CA 81647 from the National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS. PMID:24392352

Ibbott, Geoffrey S.; Haworth, Annette; Followill, David S.

2013-01-01

50

Quality assurance for gamma knives  

SciTech Connect

This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations.

Jones, E.D.; Banks, W.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1995-09-01

51

Assurance Technology Challenges of Advanced Space Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The initiative to explore space and extend a human presence across our solar system to revisit the moon and Mars post enormous technological challenges to the nation's space agency and aerospace industry. Key areas of technology development needs to enable the endeavor include advanced materials, structures and mechanisms; micro/nano sensors and detectors; power generation, storage and management; advanced thermal and cryogenic control; guidance, navigation and control; command and data handling; advanced propulsion; advanced communication; on-board processing; advanced information technology systems; modular and reconfigurable systems; precision formation flying; solar sails; distributed observing systems; space robotics; and etc. Quality assurance concerns such as functional performance, structural integrity, radiation tolerance, health monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance, calibration, and initialization can affect the performance of systems and subsystems. It is thus imperative to employ innovative nondestructive evaluation methodologies to ensure quality and integrity of advanced space systems. Advancements in integrated multi-functional sensor systems, autonomous inspection approaches, distributed embedded sensors, roaming inspectors, and shape adaptive sensors are sought. Concepts in computational models for signal processing and data interpretation to establish quantitative characterization and event determination are also of interest. Prospective evaluation technologies include ultrasonics, laser ultrasonics, optics and fiber optics, shearography, video optics and metrology, thermography, electromagnetics, acoustic emission, x-ray, data management, biomimetics, and nano-scale sensing approaches for structural health monitoring.

Chern, E. James

2004-01-01

52

Quality Assurance: Patient Chart Reviews  

SciTech Connect

Recent developments in radiation therapy have immensely impacted the way the radiation dose is delivered to patients undergoing radiation treatments. However, the fundamental quality assurance (QA) issues underlying the radiation therapy still remain the accuracy of the radiation dose and the radiation safety. One of the major duties of clinical medical physicists in the radiation therapy departments still revolves around ensuring the accuracy of dose delivery to the planning target volume (PTV), the reduction of unintended radiation to normal organs and minimization of the radiation exposure to the medical personnel based on ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Many of the errors in radiation therapy can be minimized through a comprehensive program of periodic checks. One of the QA procedures on the patient comes in the form of chart reviews which could be in either electronic or paper-based format. We present the quality assurance procedures that have to be performed on the patient records from the beginning and periodically to the end of the treatment, based on the guidelines from the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) and American College of Physicians (ACP)

Oginni, B. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701 (United States); Odero, D. O. [Raleigh Regional Cancer Center, Beckley, West Virginia 25801 (United States)

2009-07-06

53

Quality assurance programme for nursing.  

PubMed

This article describes a conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating nursing care quality. The conceptual framework is based on Orem's theory of self-care which emphasizes the importance of decisions in the selection of nursing process based on patient status and problems. The primary outcome criteria is self-care. The methodological framework is based on Greenfield's criteria maps methodology for linking patient status (problems or diagnoses) to decisions about nursing interventions and linking these specific nursing intervention criteria to desired outcomes for self-care. The article further describes a multiagency quality assurance programme for nursing. The programme includes: a definition of criteria and standards across agencies; nursing care management protocols that define standards of care; continuing education courses for nursing based on management protocols; the maps method of auditing actual and recorded nursing process and patient outcomes as defined in the management protocol. PMID:6919553

Padilla, G V; Grant, M M

1982-03-01

54

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...develop and implement quality assurance practices...to produce data of quality adequate to meet project objectives and to...malfunctions. The quality system must comply...National Technical Information Service...

2010-07-01

55

An operational health physics quality assurance program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, stipulates QA requirements for all DOE activities. This order is now codified as 10CFR830.120, Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements, which is applicable to DOE nuclear facilities. A Quality Assurance Management Plan (QAMP) was developed by the Health Physics Operations Group (ESH-1) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The goal of the ESH-1 QAMP is

S. A. Costigan; J. L. McAtee; W. M. Somers; R. L. Huchton

1996-01-01

56

SEDIMENT SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE  

EPA Science Inventory

The report is to serve as a companion to an analogous document on soil sampling quality assurance. Prior to the design of an adequate quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) plan for sediment sampling, there must be agreement on the objectives of the sampling program. Answers t...

57

Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

Li, Yuan

2010-01-01

58

Italian quality assurance in mental health.  

PubMed

Since the radical changes in Italian mental health law in the 1970s, quality assurance models have gained consensus as the most suitable service assessment tool. In the 1990s, the whole Italian National Health System changed into a corporate model, and an accreditation system was implemented.The Italian Association for Quality and Accreditation in Mental Health (Associazione Italiana per la Qualità e l'Accreditamento in Salute Mentale [QUASM]) was founded in 1984, and since then, it offers consultation and support for Mental Health Departments and Regional Governments to help them to develop psychiatric programs, self-evaluation, educational programs, and professional peer-model accreditation. The QUASM accreditation manual has now gone through several revisions, the last in 2008. Until 2008, QUASM was successful in promoting quality and facilitating both institutional and professional accreditation. However, radical changes triggered by financial crisis have jeopardized quality assurance implementation. Nowadays, the challenge for QUASM is to maintain quality and accreditation geared to excellence against prevailing leveling trends. PMID:24840086

Rossi, Giovanni; Agnetti, Germana; Bosio, Roberto; De Luca, Pasquale; Erlicher, Arcadio; Morganti, Carla; Neri, Giovanni; Re, Edoardo; Semisa, Domenico; Fioritti, Angelo

2014-06-01

59

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria...address the following management, performance, and...Criterion 3—Management/Quality Improvement....

2011-01-01

60

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria...address the following management, performance, and...Criterion 3—Management/Quality Improvement....

2010-01-01

61

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria...address the following management, performance, and...Criterion 3—Management/Quality Improvement....

2014-01-01

62

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria...address the following management, performance, and...Criterion 3—Management/Quality Improvement....

2012-01-01

63

10 CFR 830.122 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830.122 Quality assurance criteria...address the following management, performance, and...Criterion 3—Management/Quality Improvement....

2013-01-01

64

Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

Oijala, J.E.

1988-06-01

65

Exploring Quality Assurance in Sixth Form Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to focus on the changing nature of quality assurance systems within the sixth form college sector. Design/methodology/approach: Ten sixth form colleges were surveyed across England and staff from varying levels within college hierarchies questioned about how quality assurance systems were implemented. Research involved…

Stoten, David William

2012-01-01

66

Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article assesses the status and practice of higher education quality assurance in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on degree-granting tertiary institutions. A main finding is that structured national-level quality assurance processes in African higher education are a very recent phenomenon and that most countries face major capacity constraints.…

Materu, Peter; Righetti, Petra

2010-01-01

67

Quality Assurance Reconsidered: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines an external evaluation of the quality assurance system at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) conducted by The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (NOKUT). The external audit report along with internal reports provided by the seven faculties of the university served as the major…

Gynnild, Vidar

2007-01-01

68

QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR PAMS UPPER MONITORING SITES  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality assurance procedures are outlined for ground-based remote sensors used to acquire upper air meteorological data. cceptance testing, calibration procedures, performance audits, operation, maintenance, and quality control are briefly discussed....

69

[Quality assurance in acupuncture therapy].  

PubMed

Quality assurance for acupuncture therapy requires a good basic and on-going training in both conventional western medicine as well as in the theory and practice of acupuncture, the ability to synthesize the patient's objective findings and subjective feelings, and honesty with the patient and towards oneself. Thus, based on the continuous critical evaluation of the objective and subjective parameters, the question of acupunture as the optimal form of therapy for this specific case is honestly answered and one has the courage to admit failures. With regard to the theory, surveys of the acupuncture literature show that a considerable improvement in quality and honesty is necessary. There is a lack of standardised experimental methods (e.g. 28 different placebos in 28 different studies!). Especially German acupuncture journals have a disturbed relation to failures. To hide or deny failures is of no benefit neither to acupuncture, science to the relationship between the physician and the patient since the practitioner must be able to rely on the information in the literature. Furthermore, one should be open minded to alternative methods even if this means to refer a patient to a colleague. PMID:8686341

Kubiena, G

1996-04-01

70

Training, Quality Assurance Factors, and Tools Investigation: a Work Report and Suggestions on Software Quality Assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previously, several research tasks have been conducted, some observations were obtained, and several possible suggestions have been contemplated involving software quality assurance engineering at NASA Johnson. These research tasks are briefly described. Also, a brief discussion is given on the role of software quality assurance in software engineering along with some observations and suggestions. A brief discussion on a training program for software quality assurance engineers is provided. A list of assurance factors as well as quality factors are also included. Finally, a process model which can be used for searching and collecting software quality assurance tools is presented.

Lee, Pen-Nan

1991-01-01

71

Quality assurance in breath-alcohol analysis.  

PubMed

Evidential breath-alcohol testing requires an adequate quality assurance (QA) program to safeguard the testing process and validate its results. A comprehensive QA program covers (a) test subject preparation and participation; (b) the analysis process; (c) test result reporting and records; (d) proficiency testing, inspections, and evaluations; and (e) facilities and personnel aspects. Particularly important are the following necessary scientific safeguards as components of quality control: (a) a pretest deprivation-observation period of at least 15 minutes; (b) blank tests immediately preceding each breath-collection step; (c) analysis of at least duplicate breath specimens; and (d) a control test accompanying every subject test. These safeguards have withstood adversarial challenges in the judicial system for more than 30 years. PMID:7823537

Dubowski, K M

1994-10-01

72

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

2010-07-01

73

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

2012-07-01

74

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

2013-07-01

75

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

2011-07-01

76

38 CFR 46.6 - Medical quality assurance records confidentiality.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. 46...Miscellaneous § 46.6 Medical quality assurance records confidentiality. Note that medical quality assurance records that are confidential...

2014-07-01

77

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to...

2013-01-01

78

10 CFR 71.105 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...performing activities affecting quality, as necessary to assure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program shall...

2010-01-01

79

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... (1) Identify quality problems; ...organizations performing quality assurance functions shall report to a management level that assures...portion of the quality assurance program...to the levels of management necessary to...

2011-01-01

80

10 CFR 71.105 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...performing activities affecting quality, as necessary to assure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program shall...

2013-01-01

81

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... (1) Identify quality problems; ...organizations performing quality assurance functions shall report to a management level that assures...portion of the quality assurance program...to the levels of management necessary to...

2012-01-01

82

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... (1) Identify quality problems; ...organizations performing quality assurance functions shall report to a management level that assures...portion of the quality assurance program...to the levels of management necessary to...

2014-01-01

83

10 CFR 71.105 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...performing activities affecting quality, as necessary to assure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program shall...

2012-01-01

84

10 CFR 71.105 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...performing activities affecting quality, as necessary to assure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program shall...

2011-01-01

85

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to...

2012-01-01

86

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2014-10-01

87

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to...

2011-01-01

88

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to...

2014-01-01

89

10 CFR 830.121 - Quality Assurance Program (QAP).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NUCLEAR SAFETY MANAGEMENT Quality Assurance Requirements § 830...satisfied. (2) Integrate the quality assurance criteria with the Safety Management System, or describe how the quality assurance criteria apply to...

2010-01-01

90

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2010-10-01

91

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2012-10-01

92

10 CFR 71.105 - Quality assurance program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...performing activities affecting quality, as necessary to assure that...status and adequacy of the quality assurance program at established intervals. Management of other organizations participating in the quality assurance program shall...

2014-01-01

93

10 CFR 71.103 - Quality assurance organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (1) Identify quality problems; ...organizations performing quality assurance functions shall report to a management level that assures...portion of the quality assurance program...to the levels of management necessary to...

2013-01-01

94

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2013-10-01

95

48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government...

2011-10-01

96

7 CFR 90.102 - Quality assurance review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance review. 90.102 Section 90.102...COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS INTRODUCTION Quality Assurance § 90.102 Quality assurance review. (a) Each laboratory...

2010-01-01

97

The Challenges of Quality Assurance in a Distance Learning Environment. A Report and Recommendations in a Series on Distance Learning Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Distance Learning Policy Laboratory of the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) and many states and regional organizations are coming to a consensus on the principles and goals that should shape distance learning policies. In the case of quality assurance, the SREB believes there are four guiding principles that states should follow.…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

98

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Oversight  

SciTech Connect

The software quality assurance oversight consists of updating and maintaining revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 quality assurance program documentation and of monitoring revision control of the SAPHIRE 8 source code. This report summarizes the oversight efforts through description of the revision control system (RCS) setup, operation and contents. Documents maintained under revision control include the Acceptance Test Plan (ATP), Configuration Management Plan, Quality Assurance Plan, Software Project Plan, Requirements Traceability Matrix (RTM), System Test Plan, SDP Interface Training Manual, and the SAPHIRE 8, 'New Features and Capabilities Overview'.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

99

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146...System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract...

2012-10-01

100

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146...System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract...

2014-10-01

101

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146...System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract...

2010-10-01

102

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146...System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract...

2013-10-01

103

48 CFR 2146.270 - FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false FEGLI Program quality assurance requirements. 2146...System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, FEDERAL EMPLOYEES GROUP LIFE...ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Contract...

2011-10-01

104

40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance...program that implements the requirements of ASME NQA-1-1989...implementation of expert judgment elicitation used to support applications...reviews and record keeping requirements, which may include,...

2010-07-01

105

40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance...program that implements the requirements of ASME NQA-1-1989...implementation of expert judgment elicitation used to support applications...reviews and record keeping requirements, which may include,...

2014-07-01

106

40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance...program that implements the requirements of ASME NQA-1-1989...implementation of expert judgment elicitation used to support applications...reviews and record keeping requirements, which may include,...

2011-07-01

107

40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance...program that implements the requirements of ASME NQA-1-1989...implementation of expert judgment elicitation used to support applications...reviews and record keeping requirements, which may include,...

2013-07-01

108

40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance...program that implements the requirements of ASME NQA-1-1989...implementation of expert judgment elicitation used to support applications...reviews and record keeping requirements, which may include,...

2012-07-01

109

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND...ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Reports and Records § 30.54 Quality assurance...which may be obtained from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5885...

2012-07-01

110

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND...ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Reports and Records § 30.54 Quality assurance...which may be obtained from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5885...

2014-07-01

111

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND...ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Reports and Records § 30.54 Quality assurance...which may be obtained from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5885...

2013-07-01

112

40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS AND AGREEMENTS WITH INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION, HOSPITALS, AND...ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Reports and Records § 30.54 Quality assurance...which may be obtained from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5885...

2011-07-01

113

Quality Assurance: International Trends, Preoccupations and Features.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Common concerns in quality assurance (QA) in higher education and convergence in power balances within educational systems worldwide are resulting in adoption of similar methods for QA. Quality issues addressed include definition of quality, international comparability of education, academic standards, institutional autonomy, external review,…

Woodhouse, David

1996-01-01

114

Product Quality Assurance Project for Teaching of Food Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two of the challenges in teaching Food Analysis are bringing relevance to the various chemical and physical analyses discussed and exposing students to the realities of quality assurance in the food industry. In a project to help meet those objectives, each student, with the assistance of a "resource person" from the food industry, completes the…

Nielsen, S. S.

2004-01-01

115

Creating a Quality Assurance System for Croatian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an action plan for establishing a system of quality assurance for Croatian higher education. The action plan is forward-looking rather than retrospective and draws on experiences with adopting continuous improvement practices in Australia, Turkey, and the United States. Numerous authors have explored the challenges facing…

Currie, David M.; Krbec, Denisa; Higgins, James

2005-01-01

116

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case  

SciTech Connect

Highly Integrated Quality Assurance – An Empirical Case Drake Kirkham1, Amy Powell2, Lucas Rich3 1Quality Manager, Radioisotope Power Systems (RPS) Program, Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625 M/S 6122, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-6122 2Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory 3Quality Engineer, RPS Program, Idaho National Laboratory Contact: Voice: (208) 533-7550 Email: Drake.Kirkham@inl.gov Abstract. The Radioisotope Power Systems Program of the Idaho National Laboratory makes an empirical case for a highly integrated Quality Assurance function pertaining to the preparation, assembly, testing, storage and transportation of 238Pu fueled radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Case data represents multiple campaigns including the Pluto/New Horizons mission, the Mars Science Laboratory mission in progress, and other related projects. Traditional Quality Assurance models would attempt to reduce cost by minimizing the role of dedicated Quality Assurance personnel in favor of either functional tasking or peer-based implementations. Highly integrated Quality Assurance adds value by placing trained quality inspectors on the production floor side-by-side with nuclear facility operators to enhance team dynamics, reduce inspection wait time, and provide for immediate, independent feedback. Value is also added by maintaining dedicated Quality Engineers to provide for rapid identification and resolution of corrective action, enhanced and expedited supply chain interfaces, improved bonded storage capabilities, and technical resources for requirements management including data package development and Certificates of Inspection. A broad examination of cost-benefit indicates highly integrated Quality Assurance can reduce cost through the mitigation of risk and reducing administrative burden thereby allowing engineers to be engineers, nuclear operators to be nuclear operators, and the cross-functional team to operate more efficiently. Applicability of this case extends to any high-value, long-term project where traceability and accountability are determining factors.

Drake Kirkham; Amy Powell; Lucas Rich

2011-02-01

117

Quality Assurance in Distance Learning Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper aims to study how the present distance learning libraries can improve upon their existing services and introduce new ones to enhance quality of services to distance learners. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes a review of literature on quality assurance in open and distance education in general and student support…

Tripathi, Manorama; Jeevan, V. K. J.

2009-01-01

118

The New English Quality Assurance Regime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

England is developing a new quality assurance regime that will come into effect in October 2011. A new funding regime will operate from the following year, together with new rules to ease the participation of private higher education providers. This article describes and analyses the new quality and funding regimes. It argues that the greater…

Brown, Roger

2011-01-01

119

Quality Assurance in University Guidance Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Europe there is no common quality assurance framework for the delivery of guidance in higher education. Using a case study approach in four university career guidance services in England, France and Spain, this article aims to study how quality is implemented in university career guidance services in terms of strategy, standards and models,…

Simon, Alexandra

2014-01-01

120

Quality Assurance Source Requirements Traceability Database  

SciTech Connect

At the Yucca Mountain Project the Project Requirements Processing System assists in the management of relationships between regulatory and national/industry standards source criteria, and Quality Assurance Requirements and Description document (DOE/R W-0333P) requirements to create compliance matrices representing respective relationships. The matrices are submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to assist in the commission's review, interpretation, and concurrence with the Yucca Mountain Project QA program document. The tool is highly customized to meet the needs of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Office of Quality Assurance.

MURTHY, R., NAYDENOVA, A., DEKLEVER, R., BOONE, A.

2006-01-30

121

MICROBIOLOGY: METHODOLOGY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

Research on the microbiological quality of water continues to concentrate on improved methods for the detection, enumeration, and identification of pollution indicators, pathogens, and other microbial groups. A complete handbook of basic laboratory procedures, replete with resour...

122

The IRIS DMC: Perspectives on Real-Time Data Management and Open Access From a Large Seismological Archive: Challenges, Tools, and Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS Data Management Center, located in Seattle, WA, is the largest openly accessible geophysical archive in the world, and has a unique perspective on data management and operational practices that gets the most out of your network. Networks scale broad domains in time and space, from finite needs to monitor bridges and dams to national and international networks like the GSN and the FDSN that establish a baseline for global monitoring and research, the requirements that go into creating a well-tuned DMC archive treat these the same, building a collaborative network of networks that generations of users rely on and adds value to the data. Funded by the National Science Foundation through the Division of Earth Sciences, IRIS is operated through member universities and in cooperation with the USGS, and the DMS facility is a bridge between a globally distributed collaboration of seismic networks and an equally distributed network of users that demand a high standard for data quality, completeness, and ease of access. I will describe the role that a perpetual archive has in the life cycle of data, and how hosting real-time data performs a dual role of being a hub for continuous data from approximately 59 real-time networks, and distributing these (along with other data from the 40-year library of available time-series data) to researchers, while simultaneously providing shared data back to networks in real- time that benefits monitoring activities. I will describe aspects of our quality-assurance framework that are both passively and actively performed on 1100 seismic stations, generating over 6,000 channels of regularly sampled data arriving daily, that data providers can use as aids in operating their network, and users can likewise use when requesting suitable data for research purposes. The goal of the DMC is to eliminate bottlenecks in data discovery and shortening the steps leading to analysis. This includes many challenges, including keeping metadata current, tools for evaluating and viewing them, along with measuring and creating databases of other performance metrics and how monitoring them closer to real- time helps reduce operation costs, creates a richer repository, and eliminates problems over generations of duty cycles of data usage. I will describe a new resource, called the Nominal Response Library, which hopes to provide accurate and representative examples of sensor and data logger configurations that are hosted at the DMC and constitute a high-graded subset for crafting your own metadata. Finally, I want to encourage all network operators who do not currently submit SEED format data to an archive to consider these benefits, and briefly discuss how robust transfer mechanisms that include Earthworm, LISS, Antelope, NRTS and SeisComp, to name a few, can assist you in contributing your network data and help create this enabling virtual network of networks. In this era of high performance Internet capacity, the process that enables others to share your data and allows you to utilize external sources of data is nearly seamless with your current mission of network operation.

Benson, R. B.

2007-05-01

123

Nursing Quality Assurance: The Wisconsin System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation model guidelines for hospital departments of nursing to use in their nursing quality assurance programs are presented as developed in Wisconsin. Four essential components of the Wisconsin outcome evaluation system are criteria, assessment, standards, and improvement of care. Sample tests and charts are included in the article. (MF)

Hover, Julie; Zimmer, Marie J.

1978-01-01

124

Effectiveness of Quality Assurance Training for Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quality assurance program was designed to teach youth about safe and wholesome food production, animal management techniques, and ethical decision making related to food animal production. Participants gained skills in animal management techniques and their opinions about consumer expectations were positively influenced. The program successfully…

Nold, Rosie; Hanson, Dana

2001-01-01

125

Software quality assurance plan for GCS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The software quality assurance (SQA) function for the Guidance and Control Software (GCS) project which is part of a software error studies research program is described. The SQA plan outlines all of the procedures, controls, and audits to be carried out by the SQA organization to ensure adherence to the policies, procedures, and standards for the GCS project.

Duncan, Stephen E.; Bailey, Elizabeth K.

1990-01-01

126

REGIONAL AIR POLLUTION STUDY, QUALITY ASSURANCE AUDITS  

EPA Science Inventory

RAPS Quality Assurance audits were conducted under this Task Order in continuation of the audit program previously conducted under Task Order No. 58. Quantitative field audits were conducted of the Regional Air Monitoring System (RAMS) Air Monitoring Stations, Local Air Monitorin...

127

Quality Assurance: Administrator's Panacea or Pandemonium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Where mental health administrators used to rely on subjective judgments of senior clinicians to evaluate the effectiveness of mental health services, they now rely more on a quality assurance (QA) plan. The primary motive for undertaking a QA program should be better service. QA may start out being very expensive in terms of personnel and…

Comerford, Ralph; Silverman, Wade H.

128

Quality Assurance and Evaluation in Denmark  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, international comparisons have become a powerful lever for change in educational policies. Quality assurance and evaluation (QAE) in many forms is being incorporated in the steering and management of schools. However, the Danish use of QAE is a dynamic result of ongoing tensions and struggles both around and within QAE…

Andersen, Vibeke Normann; Dahler-Larsen, Peter; Pedersen, Carsten Strombaek

2009-01-01

129

Quality Assurance: Enhancing or Threatening Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing marketization of commodity services and, the authors argue, higher education is suffering heavily from this trend. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are currently subject to quality assurance and other externally imposed procedures that have been successfully applied in the private sector. This article analyses the…

Taousanidis, Nikolaos I.; Antoniadou, Myrofora A.

2010-01-01

130

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

This document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for the staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North C...

131

222-S laboratory quality assurance plan  

SciTech Connect

This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for analytical services. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing 222-S and 222-SA analytical and quality control activities. The 222-S Laboratory provides analytical services to various clients including, but not limited to, waste characterization for the Tank Waste Remediation Systems (TWRS), waste characterization for regulatory waste treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD), regulatory compliance samples, radiation screening, process samples, and TPA samples. A graded approach is applied on the level of sample custody, QC, data verification, and data reporting to meet the specific needs of the client.

Meznarich, H.K.

1995-04-01

132

Quality Assurance through ISO 9000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Created in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardization, in Geneva, Switzerland, ISO 9000 is attempting to develop a world standard to help companies and other institutions measure and monitor their quality-control efforts. This article describes four school districts' successful efforts to secure ISO 9000 certification. (MLH)

Zuckerman, Amy

2000-01-01

133

Quality Assurance and School Monitoring in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on the Hong Kong education quality assurance and school monitoring system. Three research questions were addressed: (1) Who controls the quality of school education in Hong Kong? (2) What strategies are used in the Hong Kong school education quality assurance process? (3) Agenda for Future Research on quality assurance and…

Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching

2007-01-01

134

Informatics Futures in Dental Education and Research: Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper addresses the potential of informatics to patient care quality assurance curricula, focusing on (1) terminology and developments related to quality of care evaluations; (2) criticisms of traditional approaches; (3) limitations of existing data sources for quality assurance in dentistry; and (4) quality assurance considerations in…

Crall, James J.

1991-01-01

135

Policy Development of Quality Assurance: A Critical Perspective on Past and Future Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the initiatives and development of policies to establish a workable quality assurance system for institutions of higher education in South Africa in the last decade. Notes challenges such as the government's emphasis on programs of study and its requirement that quality assurance systems include institutional auditing,…

van der Westhuizen, L. J.

2000-01-01

136

Quality Assurance Specifications for Planetary Protection Assays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the European Space Agency planetary protection (PP) activities move forward to support the ExoMars and other planetary missions, it will become necessary to increase staffing of labo-ratories that provide analyses for these programs. Standardization of procedures, a comprehen-sive quality assurance program, and unilateral training of personnel will be necessary to ensure that the planetary protection goals and schedules are met. The PP Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QAQC) program is designed to regulate and monitor procedures performed by labora-tory personnel to ensure that all work meets data quality objectives through the assembly and launch process. Because personnel time is at a premium and sampling schedules are often de-pendent on engineering schedules, it is necessary to have flexible staffing to support all sampling requirements. The most productive approach to having a competent and flexible work force is to establish well defined laboratory procedures and training programs that clearly address the needs of the program and the work force. The quality assurance specification for planetary protection assays has to ensure that labora-tories and associated personnel can demonstrate the competence to perform assays according to the applicable standard AD4. Detailed subjects included in the presentation are as follows: • field and laboratory control criteria • data reporting • personnel training requirements and certification • laboratory audit criteria. Based upon RD2 for primary and secondary validation and RD3 for data quality objectives, the QAQC will provide traceable quality assurance safeguards by providing structured laboratory requirements for guidelines and oversight including training and technical updates, standardized documentation, standardized QA/QC checks, data review and data archiving.

Baker, Amy

137

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...shall establish a quality assurance program...the requirements of this subpart...throughout facility life in accordance...covered by the quality assurance program and the major organizations participating...designated functions of these...

2014-01-01

138

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR IERL-CI PROJECT OFFICERS  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides guidelines to Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory-Cincinnati (IERL-Ci) Project Officers for (1) incorporating quality assurance (QA) criteria in contract procurement and grant awards; (2) monitoring quality assurance of extramural projects; and (3) ...

139

NATIONAL CROP LOSS ASSESSMENT NETWORK: QUALITY ASSURANCE PROGRAM (JOURNAL VERSION)  

EPA Science Inventory

A quality assurance program was incorporated into the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) program, designed to assess the economic impacts of gaseous air pollutants on major agricultural crops in the United States. The quality assurance program developed standardized re...

140

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.142 Quality assurance criteria. (a) Introduction and...

2013-01-01

141

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.144 Quality assurance program change. Changes to DOE's...

2011-01-01

142

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.144 Quality assurance program change. Changes to DOE's...

2010-01-01

143

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.144 Quality assurance program change. Changes to DOE's...

2013-01-01

144

10 CFR 63.144 - Quality assurance program change.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.144 Quality assurance program change. Changes to DOE's...

2012-01-01

145

10 CFR 63.142 - Quality assurance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN A GEOLOGIC REPOSITORY AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA Quality Assurance § 63.142 Quality assurance criteria. (a) Introduction and...

2012-01-01

146

10 CFR 74.59 - Quality assurance and accounting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Quality assurance and accounting requirements. 74.59 Section 74...CONTINUED) MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL Formula... § 74.59 Quality assurance and accounting requirements. (a) Licensees...

2010-01-01

147

10 CFR 74.59 - Quality assurance and accounting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Quality assurance and accounting requirements. 74.59 Section 74...CONTINUED) MATERIAL CONTROL AND ACCOUNTING OF SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL Formula... § 74.59 Quality assurance and accounting requirements. (a) Licensees...

2011-01-01

148

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN RESEARCH LABORATORIES: RULES AND REASON  

EPA Science Inventory

Quality Assurance in Research Laboratories: Rules and Reason Ron Rogers, Quality Assurance and Records Manager, Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL/ORD/US EPA, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27709 To anyone who has actively participated in research, as I have...

149

Quality Assurance of Quality Assurance Agencies from an Asian Perspective: Regulation, Autonomy and Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As quality guardians of higher education, quality assurance agencies are required to guarantee the credibility of the review process and to ensure the objectivity and transparency of their decisions and recommendations. These agencies are therefore expected to use a range of internal and external approaches to prove the quality of their review…

Hou, Angela Yung-Chi; Ince, Martin; Tsai, Sandy; Chiang, Chung Lin

2015-01-01

150

Quality Assurance/Quality Control Jobs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The production of a quality and safe food product is essential to the success of any food manufacturing facility. Because of this great importance, a career in quality can be extremely rewarding. Without happy customers willing to buy a product, a company would not be able to survive. Quality issues such as foreign objects, spoiled or mislabeled product, failure to meet net weight requirements, or a recall can all turn customers away from buying a product. The food industry is a customer-driven market in which some consumers are brand loyal based on a history of high quality or in which a single bad experience with a product will turn them away for a lifetime. With this said, the main role of a quality department is to help ensure that quality issues such as these are eliminated or kept to a minimum to maintain or increase the number of customers purchasing their product.

Fanslau, Melody; Young, Janelle

151

Quality assurance staffing impacts in military aircraft maintenance units  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper summarizes our research into the impact that current Air Force quality assurance staffing practices have on key unit performance metrics. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Interviews and Delphi surveys culminated in the development of a quality assurance staffing effectiveness matrix. The matrix was used to calculate historical quality assurance staffing effectiveness at 16 Air Force combat aircraft units. Effectiveness

Terry D. Moore; Alan W. Johnson; Michael T. Rehg; Michael J. Hicks

2007-01-01

152

Quality assurance program plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan identifies quality assurance program requirements and addresses the various Westinghouse Hanford Company organizations and their particular responsibilities in regards to sample and data handling of radiological airborne emissions. This Quality Assurance Program Plan is prepared in accordance with and to written requirements.

Boom, R.J.

1995-12-01

153

Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software  

E-print Network

Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jürjens1 , Daniel Reiss2 , David (Germany) #12;Jan Jürjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 2 The Problem (Meta. #12;Jan Jürjens et al.: Model-based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software 3 The Problem (Meta

Jurjens, Jan

154

Quality Assurance in Postgraduate Education. ENQA Workshop Report 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report follows an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Workshop on Quality Assurance and Postgraduate Education, hosted by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ARACIS) in Brasov, Romania on 12-13 March 2009. The workshop was an excellent opportunity for ENQA members to exchange…

Bitusikova, Alexandra; Bohrer, Janet; Borosic, Ivana; Costes, Nathalie; Edinsel, Kerim; Hollander, Karoline; Jacobsson, Gunilla; Jakopovic, Ivan Filip; Kearney, Mary-Louise; Mulder, Fred; Negyesi, Judith; Pietzonka, Manuel

2010-01-01

155

Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education. ENQA Workshop Report 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is the product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Bologna Seminar "Quality Assurance in Transnational Education: from words to action" hosted by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK) in London in December, 2008. The seminar discussed the current trends in Transnational landscapes, the…

Bennett, Paul; Bergan, Sjur; Cassar, Daniela; Hamilton, Marlene; Soinila, Michele; Sursock, Andree; Uvalic-Trumbic, Stamenka; Williams, Peter

2010-01-01

156

Operational excellence (six sigma) philosophy: Application to software quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

This report contains viewgraphs on operational excellence philosophy of six sigma applied to software quality assurance. This report outlines the following: goal of six sigma; six sigma tools; manufacturing vs administrative processes; Software quality assurance document inspections; map software quality assurance requirements document; failure mode effects analysis for requirements document; measuring the right response variables; and questions.

Lackner, M.

1997-11-01

157

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Proposals for Consultation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document sets out for consultation proposals for a revised method for quality assurance of teaching and learning in higher education. The proposals cover: (1) the objectives and principles of quality assurance; (2) an approach to quality assurance based on external audit principles; (3) the collection and publication of information; (4)…

Higher Education Funding Council for England, Bristol.

158

Perspectives on Quality Assurance in Higher Education in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality assurance is well known internationally but the notion is relatively new in Norway. To understand some of the issues and dilemmas that emerge in the Norwegian reception of quality assurance in higher education, this article traces how quality assurance is gaining its form and how international trends are understood, transposed and adopted…

Lycke, Kirsten Hofgaard

2004-01-01

159

Development of a quality assurance management information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The responsibilities of quality assurance departments have increased in many organizations, resulting in increased information requirements. Now more quality assurance data must be collected, managed, analysed and reported. Consequently, some Arms are developing quality assurance management information systems. This paper describes the development of such a system at Motorola Inc. The reasons for developing this system are described as well

PHILIP M. WOLFE; SHIRLEY TASSÉ

1979-01-01

160

QUALITY SCIENCE AND QUALITY ASSURANCE: OBSERVATIONS OR AN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENTIST  

EPA Science Inventory

-- ABSTRACT The purpose of this manuscript is to examine the relationship between quality science (QS) and quality assurance (QA). Many research scientists definitely want to do QS, but are afraid or do not want to do QA because they are intimidated by the QA proc...

161

Quality assurance and quality control in the laboratory andrology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) are fundamental aspects of any laboratory measurement. However, in comparison with other medical disciplines, the need for QA and QC in laboratory andrology has been recognized only recently. Furthermore, there is evidence that the effort required to undertake QA and QC has not been wholly welcomed by some clinicians. Nevertheless, accrediting bodies and

Allan A. Pacey

2010-01-01

162

Quality assurance: establishing a program for libraries.  

PubMed

"Quality Assurance" (QA) is a practical tool for library management, a link in the library's relationship with administrative decision makers. Instituting or refining a QA program takes into account formal and informal methods. Described are one library's program and problem-solving model, the role of others in the library's program, types of recordkeeping, and integration of the library program with organizational QA. Positive results include participation in management-level activities and improvement in quality and delivery of services and products. Ten suggestions are made to begin a QA program. PMID:10302816

Fredenburg, A M

1988-01-01

163

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2011-10-01

164

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2010-10-01

165

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2014-10-01

166

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2013-10-01

167

48 CFR 246.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.402 Government contract quality assurance at...

2012-10-01

168

History of Reliability and Quality Assurance at Kennedy Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Kennedy Historical Document (KHD) provides a unique historical perspective of the organizational and functional responsibilities for the manned and un-manned programs at Kennedy Space Center, Florida. As systems become more complex and hazardous, the attention to detailed planning and execution continues to be a challenge. The need for a robust reliability and quality assurance program will always be a necessity to ensure mission success. As new space missions are defined and technology allows for continued access to space, these programs cannot be compromised. The organizational structure that has provided the reliability and quality assurance functions for both the manned and unmanned programs has seen many changes since the first group came to Florida in the 1950's. The roles of government and contractor personnel have changed with each program and organizational alignment has changed based on that responsibility. The organizational alignment of the personnel performing these functions must ensure independent assessment of the processes.

Childers, Frank M.

2004-01-01

169

[Quality assurance: concepts, actions and reflexions].  

PubMed

Importance that the topic of quality of medical care has acquired in recent years, a number of concepts have been utilized to mean many strategies to improve the quality of care. This situation has frequently created confusion between terms such as: quality assessment, quality assurance, total quality management, quality guarantee, etc. The purpose of this paper is to propose a conceptual framework that allows not only to clarify the concepts but also the actions towards the improvement of the quality of care. Therefore, a multidimensional matrix is also proposed in order to classify the multiple actions referred about in the literature and to organize them. The conclusions are: 1) The term "Quality guarantee", at least in spanish, is absolutely pertinent when referred to the quality of medical care; 2) This concept becomes a solid starting point to implement concret actions by integrating different concepts and avoiding confusions; 3) The multidimensional matrix allows to systematize multiple actions; 4) Since there was not a similar conceptual framework it is expected that this paper allows to close the gap between thinking and doing on behalf of every body. PMID:8964328

Ruelas Barajas, E

1994-01-01

170

78 FR 37850 - Quality Assurance Program Requirements (Operations)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Quality Assurance (QA) controls for nuclear power plants during operations...for Nuclear Power Plants.'' Both sections...Assurance Criteria for Nuclear Power Plants and Fuel Reprocessing...establishment of QA controls for the...

2013-06-24

171

Flight Dynamics Mission Support and Quality Assurance Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper summarizes the method of the Computer Sciences Corporation Flight Dynamics Operation (FDO) quality assurance approach to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Flight Dynamics Support Branch. Historically, a strong need has existed for developing systematic quality assurance using methods that account for the unique nature and environment of satellite Flight Dynamics mission support. Over the past few years FDO has developed and implemented proactive quality assurance processes applied to each of the six phases of the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle: systems and operations concept, system requirements and specifications, software development support, operations planing and training, launch support, and on-orbit mission operations. Rather than performing quality assurance as a final step after work is completed, quality assurance has been built in as work progresses in the form of process assurance. Process assurance activities occur throughout the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle. The FDO Product Assurance Office developed process checklists for prephase process reviews, mission team orientations, in-progress reviews, and end-of-phase audits. This paper will outline the evolving history of FDO quality assurance approaches, discuss the tailoring of Computer Science Corporations's process assurance cycle procedures, describe some of the quality assurance approaches that have been or are being developed, and present some of the successful results.

Oh, InHwan

1996-01-01

172

Radiographic Film Processing Quality Assurance: A Self-Teaching Workbook. Quality Assurance Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook has been designed for use in conjunction with the manual, "Photographic Quality Assurance in Diagnostic Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Therapy." Presented are several typical problems arising from the existence of variability and fluctuations in the automatic processing of radiographs, which unless corrected, can…

Goldman, Lee W.

173

Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

Hughitt, Brian

2009-01-01

174

Technology Transfer Challenges for High-Assurance Software Engineering Tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In this paper, we describe our experience with the challenges thar we are currently facing in our effort to develop advanced software verification and validation tools. We categorize these challenges into several areas: cost benefits modeling, tool usability, customer application domain, and organizational issues. We provide examples of challenges in each area and identrfj, open research issues in areas which limit our ability to transfer high-assurance software engineering tools into practice.

Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor); Penix, John; Markosian, Lawrence Z.

2003-01-01

175

Quality Assurance in Higher Education as a Political Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The procedures commonly employed for quality assurance in higher education are designed as if the endeavour were a technical process, whereas it may be more useful to view it as a political process. For example, quality assurance requires making choices among competing conceptions of quality, and in so doing privileges some interests over others.…

Skolnik, Michael L.

2010-01-01

176

The Value of Student Engagement for Higher Education Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the principles and practices of quality assurance are further implanted in higher education, methodological questions about how to understand and manage quality become increasingly important. This paper argues that quality assurance determinations need to take account of how and to what extent students engage with activities that are likely to…

Coates, Hamish

2005-01-01

177

The Assurance Challenges of Advanced Packaging Technologies for Electronics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advances in microelectronic parts performance are driving towards finer feature sizes, three-dimensional geometries and ever-increasing number of transistor equivalents that are resulting in increased die sizes and interconnection (I/O) counts. The resultant packaging necessary to provide assemble-ability, environmental protection, testability and interconnection to the circuit board for the active die creates major challenges, particularly for space applications, Traditionally, NASA has used hermetically packaged microcircuits whenever available but the new demands make hermetic packaging less and less practical at the same time as more and more expensive, Some part types of great interest to NASA designers are currently only available in non-hermetic packaging. It is a far more complex quality and reliability assurance challenge to gain confidence in the long-term survivability and effectiveness of nonhermetic packages than for hermetic ones. Although they may provide more rugged environmental protection than the familiar Plastic Encapsulated Microcircuits (PEMs), the non-hermetic Ceramic Column Grid Array (CCGA) packages that are the focus of this presentation present a unique combination of challenges to assessing their suitability for spaceflight use. The presentation will discuss the bases for these challenges, some examples of the techniques proposed to mitigate them and a proposed approach to a US MIL specification Class for non-hermetic microcircuits suitable for space application, Class Y, to be incorporated into M. IL-PRF-38535. It has recently emerged that some major packaging suppliers are offering hermetic area array packages that may offer alternatives to the nonhermetic CCGA styles but have also got their own inspectability and testability issues which will be briefly discussed in the presentation,

Sampson, Michael J.

2010-01-01

178

Quality assurance standards for purchasing and inventory control.  

PubMed

A process is described for quality assurance in pharmaceutical purchasing and inventory control. A quality assurance program should ensure that quality drugs are purchased at the lowest price, drug products are available when needed, the system is managed efficiently, internal controls are provided, drug products are stored under appropriate conditions, and laws, regulations, accreditation standards, and procedures are followed. To meet these objectives, product quality, vendor performance, the department's system of internal controls, purchasing data, and storage conditions should be monitored. A checklist for evaluating purchasing and inventory practices and a sample audit form listing quality assurance criteria, standards, procedures, and recommended actions are provided. A quality assurance program for pharmaceutical purchasing and inventory control should define institution-specific criteria and standards and use these standards for continual evaluation of all aspects of the purchasing and inventory control system. Documentation of quality assurance activities should be provided for use by the purchasing department, hospital administration, and regulatory bodies. PMID:3985026

Soares, D P

1985-03-01

179

Hanford analytical services quality assurance requirements documents  

SciTech Connect

Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Document (HASQARD) is issued by the Analytical Services, Program of the Waste Management Division, US Department of Energy (US DOE), Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). The HASQARD establishes quality requirements in response to DOE Order 5700.6C (DOE 1991b). The HASQARD is designed to meet the needs of DOE-RL for maintaining a consistent level of quality for sampling and field and laboratory analytical services provided by contractor and commercial field and laboratory analytical operations. The HASQARD serves as the quality basis for all sampling and field/laboratory analytical services provided to DOE-RL through the Analytical Services Program of the Waste Management Division in support of Hanford Site environmental cleanup efforts. This includes work performed by contractor and commercial laboratories and covers radiological and nonradiological analyses. The HASQARD applies to field sampling, field analysis, and research and development activities that support work conducted under the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Tri-Party Agreement and regulatory permit applications and applicable permit requirements described in subsections of this volume. The HASQARD applies to work done to support process chemistry analysis (e.g., ongoing site waste treatment and characterization operations) and research and development projects related to Hanford Site environmental cleanup activities. This ensures a uniform quality umbrella to analytical site activities predicated on the concepts contained in the HASQARD. Using HASQARD will ensure data of known quality and technical defensibility of the methods used to obtain that data. The HASQARD is made up of four volumes: Volume 1, Administrative Requirements; Volume 2, Sampling Technical Requirements; Volume 3, Field Analytical Technical Requirements; and Volume 4, Laboratory Technical Requirements. Volume 1 describes the administrative requirements applicable to each of the other three volumes and is intended to be used in conjunction with the technical volumes.

Hyatt, J.E.

1997-09-25

180

SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance (QA) Plan documents the QA activities that will be managed by the INL related to JCN N6423. The NRC developed the SAPHIRE computer code for performing probabilistic risk assessments (PRAs) using a personal computer (PC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) under Job Code Number (JCN) L1429. SAPHIRE started out as a feasibility study for a PRA code to be run on a desktop personal PC and evolved through several phases into a state-of-the-art PRA code. The developmental activity of SAPHIRE was the result of two concurrent important events: The tremendous expansion of PC software and hardware capability of the 90s and the onset of a risk-informed regulation era.

Curtis Smith

2010-02-01

181

SAPHIRE 8 Volume 6 - Quality Assurance  

SciTech Connect

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) Version 8 is a software application developed for performing a complete probabilistic risk assessment using a personal computer running the Microsoft Windows™ operating system. SAPHIRE 8 is funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The role of the INL in this project is that of software developer and tester. This development takes place using formal software development procedures and is subject to quality assurance (QA) processes. The purpose of this document is to describe how the SAPHIRE software QA is performed for Version 8, what constitutes its parts, and limitations of those processes. In addition, this document describes the Independent Verification and Validation that was conducted for Version 8 as part of an overall QA process.

C. L. Smith; R. Nims; K. J. Kvarfordt

2011-03-01

182

Overview of the quality assurance movement in health care.  

PubMed

This chapter aims to describe the origin and current status of quality assurance (QA) in health care and to provide a background of similar developments in other industries, which have provided a major impetus for QA initiatives in health care. The interest in quality and safety in the health care sector has rapidly risen over the past decade. Without important lessons learnt from other industries, the interest and obtained improvements would have been far less fast. Knowledge on basic principles and challenges faced by other industries like the airline, car, and nuclear energy industry, that drove quality improvement projects, is of major relevance to understand the evolutions taking place in health care. To fully appreciate the QA movement, and design or implement quality improvement projects, its basic principles need to be understood. This chapter aims to give insights in basic principles underlying QA, and to discuss historical lessons that have been learnt from other industries. Furthermore, it discusses how to implement and assure a sustainable QA program. PMID:21764002

de Jonge, Vincent; Sint Nicolaas, Jerome; van Leerdam, Monique E; Kuipers, Ernst J

2011-06-01

183

Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing Quality Culture. ENQA Workshop Report 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA), in cooperation with the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK), organised a seminar on theme "Internal Quality Assurance--Enhancing quality culture" which was held on 8-9 June, 2010 in London, United Kingdom. The seminar marked the fourth annual meeting of the ENQA IQA Group…

ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education), 2010

2010-01-01

184

Understanding Quality Assurance: A Cross Country Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of understanding between an Australian university and its offshore partner institution, on quality assurance. It attempts to highlight the dynamics of quality assurance policy implementation within and across institutions for an offshore degree. Design/methodology/approach: The study used…

Choon Boey Lim, Fion

2008-01-01

185

EASTERN LAKE SURVEY - PHASE II QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The Eastern Lake Survey - Phase II report describes and evaluates the quality assurance program employed during this study of regional surface water chemistry. The Quality Assurance Program was designed to ensure that all samples were collected and analyzed consistently, to verif...

186

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

187

1999 Quality Assurance Project Plan Regional Monitoring Program  

E-print Network

1999 Quality Assurance Project Plan Regional Monitoring Program for Trace Substances Prepared Monitoring Program San Francisco Estuary Institute 1325 S. 46th Street Richmond, CA 94804 May 1999 RMP in the development of our quality assurance and control program as well as this document. Andy Gunther, Applied

188

Quality assurance program description for shipping packages of radioactive material  

SciTech Connect

This quality assurance plan describes the quality assurance program at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), for shipping packages of radioactive material. The purpose of this report is to describe how PNL will comply with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 71, Appendix E. In compliance with the instructions from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), the 18 criteria from Appendix E are covered.

Not Available

1978-06-30

189

Quality Assurance in a School of Dentistry: Getting Started.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Steps in establishment of Indiana University School of Dentistry's quality assurance program included gathering existing information on quality assurance; ascertaining administrative support; appointing a committee; defining terms and setting goals; raising awareness and commitment; designing a patient satisfaction survey; undertaking a chart…

Guba, Christianne J.

1990-01-01

190

Where Is Quality Assurance Going in Dental School Curricula?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality assurance consortium begun in 1979 and similar professional and foundation projects have influenced dental school curriculum development in the last decade. Other forces driving development of academic and practice programs for quality assurance include cost containment, risk management, electronic technology, and developments in…

Loupe, Michael J.

1990-01-01

191

SCIENTIFIC NOTE Variations in daily quality assurance dosimetry from device  

E-print Network

SCIENTIFIC NOTE Variations in daily quality assurance dosimetry from device levelling, feet are effective tools for analysis of daily dosimetry including flatness, symmetry, energy, field size and central these backscattering effects. Keywords Radiotherapy Á Quality assurance Á Dosimetry Á X-rays Introduction Radiotherapy

Yu, K.N.

192

Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework: A Critical Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ontario's Quality Assurance Framework (QAF) is reviewed and found not to meet all five criteria proposed for a strong quality assurance system focused on student learning. The QAF requires a statement of student learning outcomes and a method and means of assessing those outcomes, but it does not require that data on achievement of intended…

Heap, James

2013-01-01

193

Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Commonwealth of Learning is proud to partner with the Sri Lankan Ministry of Higher Education and UNESCO to produce this "Quality Assurance Toolkit for Distance Higher Education Institutions and Programmes". The Toolkit has been prepared with three features. First, it is a generic document on quality assurance, complete with a glossary of…

Rama, Kondapalli, Ed.; Hope, Andrea, Ed.

2009-01-01

194

Quality Assurance Program Plan for radionuclide airborne emissions monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) describes the quality assurance requirements and responsibilities for radioactive airborne emissions measurements activities from regulated stacks are controlled at the Hanford Site. Detailed monitoring requirements apply to stacks exceeding 1% of the standard of 10 mrem annual effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual from operations of the Hanford Site.

Vance, L.M.

1993-07-01

195

Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes. ENQA Workshop Report 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the Bologna ministerial conference to be held in April 2012 in Bucharest, ENQA organised a seminar in September 2011 on Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes in collaboration with the Austrian Accreditation Council (OAR). The purpose of this seminar was twofold: first, to analyse the experience already gained in quality assurance of…

Frederiks, Mark; Grifoll, Josep; Hiltunen, Kirsi; Hopbach, Achim

2012-01-01

196

Quality Assurance in Online Content Literacy Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As institutions offer more online courses in their teacher certification and literacy master's programs, research is needed to address issues of quality assurance in online instruction. This multicase study analyzes qualitatively elements for addressing quality assurance of the implementation of an online content literacy teacher education course…

Marsh, Josephine P.; Lammers, Jayne C.; Alvermann, Donna E.

2012-01-01

197

Internal Quality Assurance Benchmarking. ENQA Workshop Report 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internal Quality Assurance group of ENQA (IQA Group) has been organising a yearly seminar for its members since 2007. The main objective is to share experiences concerning the internal quality assurance of work processes in the participating agencies. The overarching theme of the 2011 seminar was how to use benchmarking as a tool for…

Blackstock, Douglas; Burquel, Nadine; Comet, Nuria; Kajaste, Matti; dos Santos, Sergio Machado; Marcos, Sandra; Moser, Marion; Ponds, Henri; Scheuthle, Harald; Sixto, Luis Carlos Velon

2012-01-01

198

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71...to control of the physical characteristics and quality of the material or component to predetermined...for the shipment of licensed material subject to this...

2011-01-01

199

10 CFR 71.101 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Quality Assurance § 71...to control of the physical characteristics and quality of the material or component to predetermined...for the shipment of licensed material subject to this...

2010-01-01

200

Development and Implementation Challenges of a Quality Assured HIV Infant Diagnosis Program in Nigeria Using Dried Blood Spots and DNA Polymerase Chain Reaction.  

PubMed

Nigeria has one of the highest HIV burdens as well as mother-to-infant transmission rates in the world. A pilot program using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based testing of dried blood spot (DBS) specimens was implemented to enable early identification of HIV-infected infants and timely referral and linkage to care. From February 2007 to October 2008, whole blood was collected by finger prick to prepare DBS from infants <18 months presenting in six public mother-and-child health facilities in Lagos, Nigeria. The DBS were tested using the Roche Amplicor HIV-1 DNA Test, v1.5. To monitor laboratory testing quality, all of the PCR-positive and 10% of the PCR-negative DBS were retested by the same method at another reference laboratory. Three hundred and sixty-five randomly selected infants were screened using HIV rapid tests (RT) according to the national algorithm and RT-negative and PCR-positive specimens were also tested using Genscreen enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA) (Bio-Rad, France). The turnaround time (TAT) from sample collection, testing, and dispatching of results from each health facility was monitored. A total of 1,273 infants with a median age of 12.6 weeks (1 day to 71.6 weeks) participated in the program and 280 (22.0%) were PCR positive. HIV transmission levels varied greatly in the different health facilities ranging from 7.1% to 38.4%. Infants aged 48 to 72 weeks had the highest level of PCR positivity (41.1%). All PCR-positive specimens were confirmed by retesting. The mean turnaround time from DBS collection to returning of the laboratory result to the health facilities was 25 days. Three infants were found to be HIV antibody negative by rapid tests but were positive by both PCR and the fourth generation EIA. The DBS-based PCR program accurately identified all of the HIV-infected infants. However, many programmatic challenges related to the laboratory and TAT were identified. PMID:25381805

Audu, Rosemary; Onwuamah, Chika; Salu, Olumuyiwa; Okwuraiwe, Azuka; Ou, Chin-Yih; Bolu, Omotayo; Bond, Kyle B; Diallo, Karidia; Lu, Lydia; Jelpe, Tapdiyel; Okoye, McPaul; Ngige, Evelyn; Vertefeuille, John

2015-04-01

201

The Award of the PhD Degree in Kenyan Universities: A Quality Assurance Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to bring to the fore the need for enhanced quality assurance processes in the award of PhDs by Kenyan universities. The findings reveal that quality challenges exist in the institutional processes established for the award of this advanced degree across the universities in the country. It is hoped that the findings will stir…

Ayiro, Laban P.; Sang, James K.

2011-01-01

202

Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area: The Emergence of a German Market for Quality Assurance Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most European countries have introduced systematic quality assurance as part of an overall governance reform aimed at enhancing universities' autonomy. Researchers and economic entrepreneurs tend, however, to underestimate the political dimension of accreditation and evaluation when they consider the contribution of quality assurance to the…

Serrano-Velarde, Kathia E.

2008-01-01

203

An Alternative View of Quality Assurance and Enhancement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to deal with the elusive nature of quality in quality management, using a case study to examine quality control measures implemented in an academic context and to show an emergent framework for quality enhancement. This paper introduces the concept of the ecology of quality assurance and examines efforts to maintain and advance…

Wong, Viola Yuk-Yue

2012-01-01

204

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

205

Research and development quality assurance planning  

SciTech Connect

Planning for quality assurance (QA) in research and development (R D) is like stealing eggs without waking up the chickens. The QA program should be as unobtrusive as possible. Researchers require a QA program that affords them an environment capable of supporting repeatable experiments with accurate data without unduly stifling their creative abilities. Careful advance planning ensures that the intensity of control provided by quality-related systems is commensurate with the importance and scope of the activities being performed. Good scientific practices applied to small bench-scale projects may require minimal additional controls. As projects increase in size and complexity the controls imposed through planning must, by necessity, be increased. Research and development QA planning, just like any other planning, involves all affected individuals. The application of control systems is determined by factors such as customer or sponsor requirements, the importance of an item or activity to the experiment's success, and the organizational complexity of the project. Many larger experiments are highly dependent on quality-related support activities such as calibration, engineering design, and inspection provided by organizations outside the R D group. Since, in most cases, the expense of support activities is taken directly from funds available for research, it is important for the researchers to be involved in the planning efforts to help determine and agree with the level of QA effort required. A single plan will often suffice for organizations engaged in large numbers of similar experiments. Complex experiments may require unique QA plans or additions to existing plans. Once implemented, the R D QA plans, like any others, require audits or surveillances and may require revisions if the scope of the experiment changes. 1 ref., 1 fig.

Hoke, P.B.

1990-05-14

206

77 FR 18709 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2060-AH23 Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at...

2012-03-28

207

77 FR 13977 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2060-AH23 Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at...

2012-03-08

208

77 FR 13997 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2060-AH23 Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary...Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at...

2012-03-08

209

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408...

2013-10-01

210

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408...

2010-10-01

211

48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 46.402 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government...

2013-10-01

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48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408...

2014-10-01

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48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between...SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection...Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments...

2012-10-01

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48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between...SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection...Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments...

2011-10-01

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48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between...SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection...Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments...

2013-10-01

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48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 46.402 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government...

2011-10-01

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48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408...

2012-10-01

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48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408...

2011-10-01

219

48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.403 Government...

2014-10-01

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48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.403 Government...

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48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.403 Government...

2012-10-01

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48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2014-10-01

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48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 true Contract quality assurance on shipments between...SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection...Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments...

2010-10-01

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48 CFR 1846.671 - Contract quality assurance on shipments between contractors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Contract quality assurance on shipments between...SPACE ADMINISTRATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Material Inspection...Reports 1846.671 Contract quality assurance on shipments...

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48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

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48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 46.402 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government...

2014-10-01

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48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2012-10-01

228

48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 46.402 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government...

2010-10-01

229

48 CFR 46.402 - Government contract quality assurance at source.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at source. 46.402 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.402 Government...

2012-10-01

230

48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408...

2013-10-01

231

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408...

2014-10-01

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48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408...

2010-10-01

233

48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2013-10-01

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48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.403 Government...

2010-10-01

235

48 CFR 46.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 46.408 Section 46.408...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.408 Single-agency...

2010-10-01

236

48 CFR 246.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 246.408 Section 246.408...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.408...

2011-10-01

237

48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section...FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.403 Government...

2011-10-01

238

48 CFR 846.408 - Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Single-agency assignments of Government contract quality assurance. 846.408 Section 846.408...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 846.408...

2012-10-01

239

15 CFR 996.31 - Termination of the Quality Assurance Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Termination of the Quality Assurance Program. 996.31 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS...NOAA HYDROGRAPHIC PRODUCTS AND SERVICES QUALITY ASSURANCE AND CERTIFICATION...

2010-01-01

240

Quality assurance for polychromatic flow cytometry.  

PubMed

This protocol outlines a three-part quality assurance program to optimize, calibrate and monitor flow cytometers used to measure cells labeled with five or more fluorochromes (a practice known as polychromatic flow cytometry). The initial steps of this program (system optimization) ensure that the instrument's lasers, mirrors and filters are optimally configured for the generation and transmission of multiple fluorescent signals. To determine the sensitivity and dynamic range of each fluorescence detector, the system is then calibrated by measuring fluorescence over a range of photomultiplier tube (PMT) voltages by determining the PMT voltage range and linearity (Steps 2-10) and validating the PMT voltage (Steps 11-17). Finally, to ensure consistent performance, we provide procedures to monitor the precision, accuracy and sensitivity of fluorescence measurements over time. All three aspects of this program should be performed upon installation, or whenever changes occur along the flow cytometer's optical path. However, only a few of these procedures need to be carried out on a routine basis. PMID:17406444

Perfetto, Stephen P; Ambrozak, David; Nguyen, Richard; Chattopadhyay, Pratip; Roederer, Mario

2006-01-01

241

Improved quality assurance testing of respirator filters  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project was to evaluate alternative materials, devices, and procedures that could improve performance test methods for high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters and media and could lead to a new generation of quality assurance (QA) test equipment. Shortcomings of the current QA test equipment and procedures include the use of di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), a suspect carcinogen, and ambiguities in particle sizing and penetration measurement. Evaluation of a prototype replacement penetrometer system built for the US Army by A. D. Little, Inc., revealed serious deficiencies in aerosol generation and particle sizing. Studies of chemical degradation in circumstances approximating use conditions and of particle size stability in high-humidity conditions suggested that tetraethylene glycol and oleic acid might be appropriate DEHP substitutes in a new generation of flash vaporization generators of QA test aerosols. The successful completion of this project provided a solid foundation for proceeding in the assembly and testing of improved penetrometers for QA testing of HEPA respirator filters. 109 refs., 20 figs., 13 tabs.

Soderholm, S.C.; Strandberg, S.W.; Ortiz, L.W.; Nielsen, S.D.; Tillery, M.I.; Gerber, B.V.; Ettinger, H.J.

1985-05-01

242

Optical quality assurance of GEM foils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analysis software was developed for the high aspect ratio optical scanning system in the Detector Laboratory of the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki Institute of Physics. The system is used e.g. in the quality assurance of the GEM-TPC detectors being developed for the beam diagnostics system of the SuperFRS at future FAIR facility. The software was tested by analyzing five CERN standard GEM foils scanned with the optical scanning system. The measurement uncertainty of the diameter of the GEM holes and the pitch of the hole pattern was found to be 0.5 ?m and 0.3 ?m, respectively. The software design and the performance are discussed. The correlation between the GEM hole size distribution and the corresponding gain variation was studied by comparing them against a detailed gain mapping of a foil and a set of six lower precision control measurements. It can be seen that a qualitative estimation of the behavior of the local variation in gain across the GEM foil can be made based on the measured sizes of the outer and inner holes.

Hildén, T.; Brücken, E.; Heino, J.; Kalliokoski, M.; Karadzhinova, A.; Lauhakangas, R.; Tuominen, E.; Turpeinen, R.

2015-01-01

243

Tool Use Within NASA Software Quality Assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As space mission software systems become larger and more complex, it is increasingly important for the software assurance effort to have the ability to effectively assess both the artifacts produced during software system development and the development process itself. Conceptually, assurance is a straightforward idea - it is the result of activities carried out by an organization independent of the software developers to better inform project management of potential technical and programmatic risks, and thus increase management's confidence in the decisions they ultimately make. In practice, effective assurance for large, complex systems often entails assessing large, complex software artifacts (e.g., requirements specifications, architectural descriptions) as well as substantial amounts of unstructured information (e.g., anomaly reports resulting from testing activities during development). In such an environment, assurance engineers can benefit greatly from appropriate tool support. In order to do so, an assurance organization will need accurate and timely information on the tool support available for various types of assurance activities. In this paper, we investigate the current use of tool support for assurance organizations within NASA, and describe on-going work at JPL for providing assurance organizations with the information about tools they need to use them effectively.

Shigeta, Denise; Port, Dan; Nikora, Allen P.; Wilf, Joel

2013-01-01

244

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted interim groundwater remedial activities on the Hanford Site since the mid-1990s for several groundwater contamination plumes. DOE established the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project (Technologies Project) in 2006 to evaluate alternative treatment technologies. The objectives for the technology project are as follows: develop a 300 Area polyphosphate treatability test to immobilize uranium, design and test infiltration of a phosphate/apatite technology for Sr-90 at 100-N, perform carbon tetrachloride and chloroform attenuation parameter studies, perform vadose zone chromium characterization and geochemistry studies, perform in situ biostimulation of chromium studies for a reducing barrier at 100-D, and perform a treatability test for phytoremediation for Sr-90 at 100-N. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the Technologies Project. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is based on the quality assurance requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the technology project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Fix, N. J.

2007-01-10

245

Quality assurance in health care: past, present and future.  

PubMed

Quality of health care delivery is a growing concern globally given current budget restraints and increasing demands on health care providers. The variety of quality assurance and quality management activities equals the numerous ways health care practitioners of all genres provide health care. Dental hygienists around the world must be knowledgeable about quality assurance and management in health care as it is a significant factor in the evolution of the dental hygiene profession and the quality of oral health care provided by dental hygienists. The objective of this research was to conduct a literature review on quality assurance and quality management. A MEDLINE search from 1966 to 2002 was conducted. The search resulted in approximately 145 articles. Additional references from works generated by the search were also obtained. The literature revealed information on the background and history of quality assurance and quality management. Much of the literature was devoted to discussions of the validity, reliability and effectiveness of most prominent quality management activities being utilised in health care today. The investigation revealed numerous issues and barriers surrounding quality management. This article concludes with suggestions for future directions of quality assurance and quality management. PMID:16451516

Bilawka, E; Craig, B J

2003-08-01

246

Daily quality assurance software for a satellite radiometer system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Six Differential Microwave Radiometers (DMR) on COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) measure the large-angular-scale isotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at 31.5, 53, and 90 GHz. Quality assurance software analyzes the daily telemetry from the spacecraft to ensure that the instrument is operating correctly and that the data are not corrupted. Quality assurance for DMR poses challenging requirements. The data are differential, so a single bad point can affect a large region of the sky, yet the CMB isotropy requires lengthy integration times (greater than 1 year) to limit potential CMB anisotropies. Celestial sources (with the exception of the moon) are not, in general, visible in the raw differential data. A 'quicklook' software system was developed that, in addition to basic plotting and limit-checking, implements a collection of data tests as well as long-term trending. Some of the key capabilities include the following: (1) stability analysis showing how well the data RMS averages down with increased data; (2) a Fourier analysis and autocorrelation routine to plot the power spectrum and confirm the presence of the 3 mK 'cosmic' dipole signal; (3) binning of the data against basic spacecraft quantities such as orbit angle; (4) long-term trending; and (5) dipole fits to confirm the spacecraft attitude azimuth angle.

Keegstra, P. B.; Smoot, G. F.; Bennett, C. L.; Aymon, J.; Backus, C.; Deamici, G.; Hinshaw, G.; Jackson, P. D.; Kogut, A.; Lineweaver, C.

1992-01-01

247

Assuring Quality in Pharmaceutical Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of quality assurance in U.S. pharmaceutical education looks at the Total Quality Management approach to measuring quality, recommendations of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy concerning general and pharmacy-specific professional competencies, and other systems to ensure quality, including accreditation, the federal role,…

Trinca, Carl E.

1993-01-01

248

[Quality assurance and continuous quality improvement--assessment of the current status of physician self-control for quality assurance in medicine 1955-1995].  

PubMed

In April 1996 the working group of the leading statutory health service officials (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Leitenden Medizinalbeamten der Länder [AGLMB]) organised a hearing in the course of which the German Medical Association and the National Association of CHI Physicians presented a joint stocktaking of their activities in the discipline of quality assurance during 1955 to 1995. On the basis of this analysis 10 theses have been evolved to develop quality assurance in Germany: (1) quality assurance and quality improvement are in the interest of the medical care of patients. (2) The main task of quality assurance and quality improvement is not the improvement of efficiency. (3) Quality assurance schemes must be problem-orientated and coordinated; there must not be a difference in the quality of out-patient and in-patient medical care. (4) There has to be a systematic evaluation of the suitability of quality assurance schemes. (5) Transparency, communication and cooperation are preconditions for a successful quality assurance and quality improvement. (6) Continuous quality improvement is based on an extensive internal quality assurance. (7) The initiative for the priority development of internal quality assurance procedures must come from external quality assurance. (8) Quality assurance has only a chance of being realised if the individual is convinced and anxious to provide high-quality services, to continuously review and improve his services and to compare them with other services. (9) Quality has its price. (10) Quality assurance and continuous quality improvement are the cornerstones of a quality policy in the health care system. The article concludes with extracts from the checkup and the relevant literature. PMID:8963101

Ollenschläger, G; Thomeczek, C

1996-07-01

249

Cui Bono? The Relevance and Impact of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

External quality assurance of universities exists to assure society that higher education standards are adequate and, in an increasingly global market, that they are comparable internationally. Although society has accepted an implicit compact in giving autonomy to universities in return for their dispassionate service to it, there has been an…

Massaro, Vin

2010-01-01

250

42 CFR 485.641 - Condition of participation: Periodic evaluation and quality assurance review.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Condition of participation: Periodic evaluation and quality assurance review...641 Condition of participation: Periodic evaluation and quality assurance review. (a) Standard: Periodic evaluation —(1) The CAH...

2010-10-01

251

Delivery quality assurance with ArcCHECK  

SciTech Connect

Radiation therapy requires delivery quality assurance (DQA) to ensure that treatment is accurate and closely follows the plan. We report our experience with the ArcCHECK phantom and investigate its potential optimization for the DQA process. One-hundred seventy DQA plans from 84 patients were studied. Plans were classified into 2 groups: those with the target situated on the diodes of the ArcCHECK (D plans) and those with the target situated at the center (C plans). Gamma pass rates for 8 target sites were examined. The parameters used to analyze the data included 3%/3 mm with the Van Dyk percent difference criteria (VD) on, 3%/3 mm with the VD off, 2%/2 mm with the VD on, and x/3 mm with the VD on and the percentage dosimetric agreement “x” for diode plans adjusted. D plans typically displayed maximum planned dose (MPD) on the cylindrical surface containing ArcCHECK diodes than center plans, resulting in inflated gamma pass rates. When this was taken into account by adjusting the percentage dosimetric agreement, C plans outperformed D plans by an average of 3.5%. ArcCHECK can streamline the DQA process, consuming less time and resources than radiographic films. It is unnecessary to generate 2 DQA plans for each patient; a single center plan will suffice. Six of 8 target sites consistently displayed pass rates well within our acceptance criteria; the lesser performance of head and neck and spinal sites can be attributed to marginally lower doses and increased high gradient of plans.

Neilson, Christopher; Klein, Michael; Barnett, Rob [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario (Canada); Yartsev, Slav, E-mail: slav.yartsev@lhsc.on.ca [London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario (Canada)

2013-04-01

252

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2012-10-01

253

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2014-10-01

254

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2011-10-01

255

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2010-10-01

256

48 CFR 46.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions...CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 46.404 Government contract quality assurance for...

2013-10-01

257

BUILDING "BRIDGES" WITH QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The papr describes how, rather than building "bridges" across centuries, quality assurance (QA) personnel have the opportunity to build bridges across technical disciplines, between public and private organizations, and between different QA groups. As reviewers and auditors of a...

258

Master Pump Shutdown MPS Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP)  

SciTech Connect

The MPSS Software Quality Assurance (SQAP) describes the tools and strategy used in the development of the MPSS software. The document also describes the methodology for controlling and managing changes to the software.

BEVINS, R.R.

2000-09-20

259

40 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Quality Assurance Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Revised 1989. Available from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Quality Assurance Division (MD-77). Research Triangle Park, NC 27711. 2. “EPA Traceability Protocol For Assay And Certification Of Gaseous Calibration Standards.”...

2010-07-01

260

40 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Quality Assurance Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Revised 1989. Available from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Quality Assurance Division (MD-77). Research Triangle Park, NC 27711. 2. “EPA Traceability Protocol For Assay And Certification Of Gaseous Calibration Standards.”...

2012-07-01

261

A Practical Model Integrating Quality Assurance Into Environmental Monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A model of cemprehensive environmental monitoring process with integral quality assurance is presented. This model views the monitoring process as iterative cycles of a series of elements: design, plan, protocols, preparation, field liaison, sample collection, sample handling, laboratory analysis, data transmission, data validation, data approval, data provision, statistical analysis, and reporting. Quality assurance is linked to each element, not just to laboratory analysis. The program of quality assurance ensures that environmental monitoring data are compatible with the project goals, are comparable between various sampling agencies, and maintain a high degree of scientific credibility. The key characteristics of the overall quality assurance process are detailed documentation, timely resolution of problems, regular reporting, and routine independent audits.

Clark, Malcolm J. R.; Whitfield, Paul H.

1993-02-01

262

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

263

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

264

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

265

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

266

21 CFR 892.1940 - Radiologic quality assurance instrument.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1940 Radiologic quality assurance instrument. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

267

Simultaneous Analysis and Quality Assurance for Diffusion Tensor Imaging  

PubMed Central

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) enables non-invasive, cyto-architectural mapping of in vivo tissue microarchitecture through voxel-wise mathematical modeling of multiple magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisitions, each differently sensitized to water diffusion. DTI computations are fundamentally estimation processes and are sensitive to noise and artifacts. Despite widespread adoption in the neuroimaging community, maintaining consistent DTI data quality remains challenging given the propensity for patient motion, artifacts associated with fast imaging techniques, and the possibility of hardware changes/failures. Furthermore, the quantity of data acquired per voxel, the non-linear estimation process, and numerous potential use cases complicate traditional visual data inspection approaches. Currently, quality inspection of DTI data has relied on visual inspection and individual processing in DTI analysis software programs (e.g. DTIPrep, DTI-studio). However, recent advances in applied statistical methods have yielded several different metrics to assess noise level, artifact propensity, quality of tensor fit, variance of estimated measures, and bias in estimated measures. To date, these metrics have been largely studied in isolation. Herein, we select complementary metrics for integration into an automatic DTI analysis and quality assurance pipeline. The pipeline completes in 24 hours, stores statistical outputs, and produces a graphical summary quality analysis (QA) report. We assess the utility of this streamlined approach for empirical quality assessment on 608 DTI datasets from pediatric neuroimaging studies. The efficiency and accuracy of quality analysis using the proposed pipeline is compared with quality analysis based on visual inspection. The unified pipeline is found to save a statistically significant amount of time (over 70%) while improving the consistency of QA between a DTI expert and a pool of research associates. Projection of QA metrics to a low dimensional manifold reveal qualitative, but clear, QA-study associations and suggest that automated outlier/anomaly detection would be feasible. PMID:23637895

Lauzon, Carolyn B.; Asman, Andrew J.; Esparza, Michael L.; Burns, Scott S.; Fan, Qiuyun; Gao, Yurui; Anderson, Adam W.; Davis, Nicole; Cutting, Laurie E.; Landman, Bennett A.

2013-01-01

268

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the activities associated with the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, which are part of the overall Hanford Site Environmental Protection Plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of the individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans.

Frazier, T.P.

1994-10-20

269

The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-03-12

270

Quality Assurance Plan, N springs expedited response action  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Quality Assurance Plan (QAP) to be followed during the definitive design, construction, and operational phases for activities associated with the N Springs Expedited Response Action (ERA) for the 100-NR-2 Operable Unit (OU). Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) will comply with the US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance (DOE 1989), and the US Environmental Protection

1994-01-01

271

NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

Fishler, B

2011-03-18

272

Reliability and quality assurance on the MOD 2 wind system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Safety, Reliability, and Quality Assurance (R&QA) approach developed for the largest wind turbine generator, the Mod 2, is described. The R&QA approach assures that the machine is not hazardous to the public or to the operating personnel, is operated unattended on a utility grid, demonstrates reliable operation, and helps establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. The significant guideline consisted of a failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) during the design phase, hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation.

Mason, W. E. B.; Jones, B. G.

1981-01-01

273

Modified aerospace reliability and quality assurance method for wind turbines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The safety, reliability, and quality assurance (SR&QA) approach developed for the first large wind turbine generator project is described. The SR&QA approach was used to assure that the machine would not be hazardous to the public or operating personnel, would operate unattended on a utility grid, would demonstrate reliable operation and would help establish the quality assurance and maintainability requirements for future wind turbine projects. A modified failure modes and effects analysis during the design phase, minimal hardware inspections during parts fabrication, and three simple documents to control activities during machine construction and operation were presented.

Klein, W. E.

1980-01-01

274

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements...locations.html. (b) Quality management audits. Upon request,...

2010-07-01

275

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements...locations.html. (b) Quality management audits. Upon request,...

2014-07-01

276

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements...locations.html. (b) Quality management audits. Upon request,...

2013-07-01

277

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements...locations.html. (b) Quality management audits. Upon request,...

2012-07-01

278

30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements, published...American National Standard, Quality Management Systems-Requirements...locations.html. (b) Quality management audits. Upon request,...

2011-07-01

279

Educational Auditing and Quality Assurance. Occasional Paper No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how to respond to new requirements for adequate disclosure of the schools' performance to the public. It proposes the use of three powerful constructs--quality control, quality assurance, and an independent educational accomplishment audit (IEAA). The essential elements of quality control are agreeing on and specifying desired…

Conner, James E.; Lessinger, Leon M.

280

The Emerging IS Global Profession: Accreditation - The Quality Assurance Dimension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract As the global economy has expanded, the demand for quality information systems (IS) people increased globally. Ascertaining the quality of education in IS programs at colleges located within and outside the boundaries of the USA has become increasingly important to employers, students and the public. Ac- creditation is the quality assurance dimension of IS. IS accreditation is a reality

John Gorgone; Vijay Kanabar

281

Challenge theme 2: assuring water availability and quality in the 21st century: Chapter 4 in United States--Mexican Borderlands--facing tomorrow’s challenges through USGS science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Along the United States–Mexican border, the health of communities, economies, and ecosystems is inextricably intertwined with the availability and quality of water, but effective water management in the Borderlands is complicated. Water users compete for resources, and their needs are increasing. Managers are faced with issues such as finding a balance between agriculture and rapidly growing cities or maintaining public supplies while ensuring sufficient resources for aquatic ecosystems. In addition to human factors, the dry climate of the Borderlands, as compared to more temperate regions, also increases the challenge of balancing water supplies between humans and ecosystems. Warmer, drier, and more variable conditions across the southwestern United States—the projected results of climate change (Seager and others, 2007)—would further stress water supplies.

Callegary, James; Langeman, Jeff; Leenhouts, Jim; Martin, Peter

2013-01-01

282

Quality assurance of qualitative research: a review of the discourse  

PubMed Central

Background Increasing demand for qualitative research within global health has emerged alongside increasing demand for demonstration of quality of research, in line with the evidence-based model of medicine. In quantitative health sciences research, in particular clinical trials, there exist clear and widely-recognised guidelines for conducting quality assurance of research. However, no comparable guidelines exist for qualitative research and although there are long-standing debates on what constitutes 'quality' in qualitative research, the concept of 'quality assurance' has not been explored widely. In acknowledgement of this gap, we sought to review discourses around quality assurance of qualitative research, as a first step towards developing guidance. Methods A range of databases, journals and grey literature sources were searched, and papers were included if they explicitly addressed quality assurance within a qualitative paradigm. A meta-narrative approach was used to review and synthesise the literature. Results Among the 37 papers included in the review, two dominant narratives were interpreted from the literature, reflecting contrasting approaches to quality assurance. The first focuses on demonstrating quality within research outputs; the second focuses on principles for quality practice throughout the research process. The second narrative appears to offer an approach to quality assurance that befits the values of qualitative research, emphasising the need to consider quality throughout the research process. Conclusions The paper identifies the strengths of the approaches represented in each narrative and recommend these are brought together in the development of a flexible framework to help qualitative researchers to define, apply and demonstrate principles of quality in their research. PMID:22182674

2011-01-01

283

Fault Management Architectures and the Challenges of Providing Software Assurance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Fault Management (FM) is focused on safety, the preservation of assets, and maintaining the desired functionality of the system. How FM is implemented varies among missions. Common to most missions is system complexity due to a need to establish a multi-dimensional structure across hardware, software and spacecraft operations. FM is necessary to identify and respond to system faults, mitigate technical risks and ensure operational continuity. Generally, FM architecture, implementation, and software assurance efforts increase with mission complexity. Because FM is a systems engineering discipline with a distributed implementation, providing efficient and effective verification and validation (V&V) is challenging. A breakout session at the 2012 NASA Independent Verification & Validation (IV&V) Annual Workshop titled "V&V of Fault Management: Challenges and Successes" exposed this issue in terms of V&V for a representative set of architectures. NASA's Software Assurance Research Program (SARP) has provided funds to NASA IV&V to extend the work performed at the Workshop session in partnership with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). NASA IV&V will extract FM architectures across the IV&V portfolio and evaluate the data set, assess visibility for validation and test, and define software assurance methods that could be applied to the various architectures and designs. This SARP initiative focuses efforts on FM architectures from critical and complex projects within NASA. The identification of particular FM architectures and associated V&V/IV&V techniques provides a data set that can enable improved assurance that a system will adequately detect and respond to adverse conditions. Ultimately, results from this activity will be incorporated into the NASA Fault Management Handbook providing dissemination across NASA, other agencies and the space community. This paper discusses the approach taken to perform the evaluations and preliminary findings from the research.

Savarino, Shirley; Fitz, Rhonda; Fesq, Lorraine; Whitman, Gerek

2015-01-01

284

Implementation guide for Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

This implementation guide for the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) was developed by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Waste Management Division, Analytical Services Branch. This plan formally presents RL`s direction for Hanford Sitewide implementation of the HASQAP. The HASQAP establishes a uniform standard for quality requirements to meet US Department of Energy Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance (10 CFR 830.120, ``Quality Assurance Requirements``), and is intended to satisfy the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement) requirements for ``Guidance on Preparation of Laboratory Quality Assurance Plans``. The quality assurance criteria specified in the HASQAP shall serve as a baseline for implementing quality management systems for the laboratories that provide analytical services, for data requesters and users, and for oversight organizations that monitor the data-generation process. Affected organizations shall implement the HASQAP requirements that are applicable to their work scope. Full implementation of the HASQAP is scheduled to occur by August 1995. RL will work with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) to have the HASQAP document incorporated into Appendix F of the Tri-Party Agreement by early Fiscal Year 1996.

Not Available

1994-09-01

285

Renewing Quality Assurance at a Time of Turbulence: An Attempt to Reenergise Quality in Australian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The renewal of quality assurance in Australian higher education comes at a time when the higher education sectors in Australia and around the world are experiencing a number of key challenges. These include: ongoing decline in public funding of universities; the massification of higher education and demand for it during global recession;…

Shah, Mahsood; Nair, Chenicheri Sid

2011-01-01

286

302:20130613.1452 Quality Assurance Group  

E-print Network

is available to help you achieve your quality goals. LASP's approach to quality management is designed around into the quality management system. A focus on continual improvement, regular review, and assessment of the system and software. LASP's quality management philosophy includes the belief that quality and safety

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

287

A workbook for preparing a district quality- assurance plan for water-quality activities  

USGS Publications Warehouse

APPEARS TO BE A REPORT ON HOW TO WRITE REPORTS --THE 'ABSTRACT' THAT FOLLOWS IS JUST THE GENERIC ABSTRACT TO BE USED FOR WATER USE REPORTS: In accordance with guidelines set forth by the Office of Water Quality in the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey, a quality-assurance plan has been created for use by the [State name] District in conducting water-quality activities. This quality-assurance plan documents the standards, policies, and procedures used by the [State name] District for activities related to the collection, processing, storage, analysis, and publication of water-quality data. The policies and procedures that are documented in this quality-assurance plan for water-quality activities are meant to complement the District quality-assurance plans for surface-water and ground-water activities and to supplement the [State name] District quality-assurance plan.

Schertz, Terry L.; Childress, Carolyn J.O.; Kelly, Valerie J.; Boucher, Michelle S.; Pederson, Gary L.

1998-01-01

288

2011 SAPHIRE 8 Software Quality Assurance Status Report  

SciTech Connect

The Software Quality Assurance engineer position was created in fiscal year 2011 to better maintain and improve the quality of the SAPHIRE 8 development program. This year's Software Quality Assurance tasks concentrated on developing the framework of the SQA program. This report reviews the accomplishments and recommendations for each of the subtasks set forth for JCN V6059: (1) Reviews, Tests, and Code Walkthroughs; (2) Data Dictionary; (3) Metrics; (4) Requirements Traceability Matrix; (5) Provide Oversight on SAPHIRE QA Activities; and (6) Support NRC Presentations and Meetings.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-09-01

289

Quality Assurance Systems in Education and Training in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Member States have a duty to compare and learn more about the national education and professional training. The objectives of this paper were to identify specific characteristics, developments and highlighting key priorities in coordinating the development of specific quality assurance processes in the European Union. The aim of this work was to present the quality assurance systems in vocational education and training systems in the Member States of the European Union. The results were to identify the extent to which national initiatives of EU member States show interest in the quality of education. Data from research can be useful in developing strategic sector development programs, and local schools

Voinia, Claudiu Sorin; Tu?a, Ana; Simion, Carmen

2014-11-01

290

Trading Quality across Borders: Colonial Discourse and International Quality Assurance Policies in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability and quality assurance have become central discourses in higher education policy throughout the world. However, accountability and quality assurance involve power and control. Practices and ideas about quality developed in the Global North are spreading rapidly across the Global South, leading to increased uniformity in the…

Blanco Ramírez, Gerardo

2014-01-01

291

LOVE CANAL MONITORING PROGRAM. GCA QA/QC (QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL) SUMMARY REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

One of the most important responsibilities of the Love Canal prime contractor was the institution and maintenance of a quality assurance program. An important objective of the quality assurance program was to alert the subcontractors to the importance of high quality work on thei...

292

Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software in embedded (e.g. automotive) systems requires a high level of reliability. Model-based development techniques are increasingly used to reach this goal, but so far there is relatively little published knowledge on the compar- ative benefits in using different assurance techniques. We investigate different and potentially complementary model-based software quality assurance methods (namely simulation and white-box testing vs. model-checking) at

Jan Jürjens; Daniel Reiß; David Trachtenherz

2008-01-01

293

Environmental engineering education: examples of accreditation and quality assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Environmental engineers respond to the challenges posed by a growing population, intensifying land-use pressures, natural resources exploitation as well as rapidly evolving technology. The environmental engineer must develop technically sound solutions within the framework of maintaining or improving environmental quality, complying with public policy, and optimizing the utilization of resources. The engineer provides system and component design, serves as a technical advisor in policy making and legal deliberations, develops management schemes for resources, and provides technical evaluations of systems. Through the current work of environmental engineers, individuals and businesses are able to understand how to coordinate society's interaction with the environment. There will always be a need for engineers who are able to integrate the latest technologies into systems to respond to the needs for food and energy while protecting natural resources. In general, the environment-related challenges and problems need to be faced at global level, leading to the globalization of the engineering profession which requires not only the capacity to communicate in a common technical language, but also the assurance of an adequate and common level of technical competences, knowledge and understanding. In this framework, the Europe-based EUR ACE (European Accreditation of Engineering Programmes) system, currently operated by ENAEE - European Network for Accreditation of Engineering Education can represent the proper framework and accreditation system in order to provide a set of measures to assess the quality of engineering degree programmes in Europe and abroad. The application of the accreditation model EUR-ACE, and of the National Italian Degree Courses Accreditation System, promoted by the Italian National Agency for the Evaluation of Universities and Research Institutes (ANVUR), to the Environmental Engineering Degree Courses at the University of Firenze is presented. In particular, the accreditation models of the multidisciplinary first cycle degree in Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering and the more specific second cycle degree in Environmental Engineering are discussed. The critical issues to assure the quality and the status of environmental engineering graduates, in terms of applying knowledge capacities and technical innovative competences, according to the more engineering focused EUR-ACE skill descriptors as well as with respect to the Dublin descriptors, at local and global scale are also compared. The involvement of the professional working world in the definition of goals in skills, of typical expectations of achievements and abilities is also described. The system for educating engineers in communicating knowledge and understanding, making informed judgments and choices, capacities to lifelong learning is in addition assessed. The promotion of innovative aspects related with the environmental engineering education, and of the role that science and technology could play in environmental engineering education is also taken into consideration.

Caporali, E.; Catelani, M.; Manfrida, G.; Valdiserri, J.

2013-12-01

294

Quality assurance of weather data for agricultural system model input  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

It is well known that crop production and hydrologic variation on watersheds is weather related. Rarely, however, is meteorological data quality checks reported for agricultural systems model research. We present quality assurance procedures for agricultural system model weather data input. Problems...

295

Quality assurance in post-secondary education: the student experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A major focus of the recent research into the quality of post-secondary education is the centrality of the student experience. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on studies addressing such a focus to shed light on how quality assurance (QA) practices can be improved. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews some of the approaches to

Dennis Chung Sea Law

2010-01-01

296

Quality Assurance in Online Education: The Universitas 21 Global Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the proliferation of online education, concerns remain about the quality of online programmes. Quality assurance (QA) has become a prominent issue, not only for educational institutions and accreditors, but also for students and employers alike. This paper describes some of the rather unique QA processes used at Universitas 21 Global…

Chua, Alton; Lam, Wing

2007-01-01

297

Technical Editing as Quality Assurance: Adding Value to Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews typical software testing activities and then compares those activities to technical editing activities. Shows that by providing quality assurance through content editing, technical editors add value to the information development process and help give users the quality content they deserve. Concludes that product information must go…

Corbin, Michelle; Moell, Pat; Boyd Mike

2002-01-01

298

Nuclear Technology Series. Course 31: Quality-Assurance Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This technical specialty course is one of thirty-five courses designed for use by two-year postsecondary institutions in five nuclear technician curriculum areas: (1) radiation protection technician, (2) nuclear instrumentation and control technician, (3) nuclear materials processing technician, (4) nuclear quality-assurance/quality-control…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

299

Quality Assurance Systems, TQM, and the New Collegialism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the application of the International Organization for Standards's ISO9000 quality assurance standard and Total Quality Management (TQM) to higher education in light of the "new collegialism." It defines the basic elements of ISO9000 and TQM, reviews the strengths and weaknesses of both approaches, and notes efforts to…

Harvey, Lee

300

Quality Assurance in Post-Secondary Education: The Student Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: A major focus of the recent research into the quality of post-secondary education is the centrality of the student experience. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on studies addressing such a focus to shed light on how quality assurance (QA) practices can be improved. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews some…

Law, Dennis Chung Sea

2010-01-01

301

The Groundwater Performance Assessment Project Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has monitored groundwater on the Hanford Site since the 1940s to help determine what chemical and radiological contaminants have made their way into the groundwater. As regulatory requirements for monitoring increased in the 1980s, there began to be some overlap between various programs. DOE established the Groundwater Performance Assessment Project (groundwater project) in 1996 to ensure protection of the public and the environment while improving the efficiency of monitoring activities. The groundwater project is designed to support all groundwater monitoring needs at the site, eliminate redundant sampling and analysis, and establish a cost-effective hierarchy for groundwater monitoring activities. This document provides the quality assurance guidelines that will be followed by the groundwater project. This QA Plan is based on the QA requirements of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, and 10 CFR 830, Subpart A--General Provisions/Quality Assurance Requirements as delineated in Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Standards-Based Management System. In addition, the groundwater project is subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requirements for Quality Assurance Project Plans (EPA/240/B-01/003, QA/R-5). The groundwater project has determined that the Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Documents (HASQARD, DOE/RL-96-68) apply to portions of this project and to the subcontractors. HASQARD requirements are discussed within applicable sections of this plan.

Luttrell, Stuart P.

2006-05-11

302

[Quality assurance in head and neck medical oncology].  

PubMed

In medical oncology, how can we be sure that the right drug is being administered to the right patient at the right time? The implementation of quality assurance criteria is important in medical oncology, in order to ensure that the patient receives the best treatment safely. There is very little literature about quality assurance in medical oncology, as opposed to radiotherapy or cancer surgery. Quality assurance must cover the entire patient care process, from the diagnosis, to the therapeutic decision and drug distribution, including its selection, its preparation and its delivery to the patient (administration and dosage), and finally the potential side effects and their management. The dose-intensity respect is crucial, and its reduction can negatively affect overall survival rates, as shown in breast and testis cancers for example. In head and neck medical oncology, it is essential to respect the few well-standardized recommendations and the dose-intensity, in a population with numerous comorbidities. We will first review quality assurance criteria for the general medical oncology organization and then focus on head and neck medical oncology. We will then describe administration specificities of head and neck treatments (chemoradiation, radiation plus cetuximab, postoperative chemoradiation, induction and palliative chemotherapy) as well as their follow-up. Lastly, we will offer some recommendations to improve quality assurance in head and neck medical oncology. PMID:24886900

Digue, Laurence; Pedeboscq, Stéphane

2014-05-01

303

Quality assurance in the health care system in The Netherlands.  

PubMed

Thirteen years of activities in the field of quality assurance in the health care field in The Netherlands bring to life the many ups and some downs in this intriguing endeavour. Back in 1974, quality assurance was in the minds of few individuals and in the hands of nobody. This has changed dramatically: not only are there now functioning programmes carried out by knowledgeable and dedicated health care providers, there is legislation that suits the convenience of quality assurance, and a firm delineation of responsibilities. At the same time there is flexibility which enables the various actors to interpret their roles according to their capabilities and tastes. The various contributions in this issue are part of this national development. PMID:3566639

Reerink, E

1987-03-01

304

Medical audit, continuing medical education and quality assurance.  

PubMed

Medical audit and continuing medical education (CME) are now the mainstays of quality assurance in hospitals. Audits should address problems that have serious consequences for patients if proper treatment is not given. The single most important step is the selection of essential or scientific criteria that relate process to outcomes. CME does less than commonly believed to improve care. Today, quality assurance increasingly means a near-guarantee to every patient of appropriate treatment and fewest possible complications. Maintenance of the public trust rests on a firm commitment of the medical staff and board to this principle, implemented through an organized program of quality assurance. Under these conditions, medical audit and CME can effectively improve care by improving physician performance. PMID:987652

Sanazaro, P J

1976-09-01

305

A Method for Evaluating Quality Assurance Needs in Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

The increasing complexity of modern radiation therapy planning and delivery techniques challenges traditional prescriptive quality control and quality assurance programs that ensure safety and reliability of treatment planning and delivery systems under all clinical scenarios. Until now quality management (QM) guidelines published by concerned organizations (e.g., American Association of Physicists in Medicine [AAPM], European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology [ESTRO], International Atomic Energy Agency [IAEA]) have focused on monitoring functional performance of radiotherapy equipment by measurable parameters, with tolerances set at strict but achievable values. In the modern environment, however, the number and sophistication of possible tests and measurements have increased dramatically. There is a need to prioritize QM activities in a way that will strike a balance between being reasonably achievable and optimally beneficial to patients. A systematic understanding of possible errors over the course of a radiation therapy treatment and the potential clinical impact of each is needed to direct limited resources in such a way to produce maximal benefit to the quality of patient care. Task Group 100 of the AAPM has taken a broad view of these issues and is developing a framework for designing QM activities, and hence allocating resources, based on estimates of clinical outcome, risk assessment, and failure modes. The report will provide guidelines on risk assessment approaches with emphasis on failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) and an achievable QM program based on risk analysis. Examples of FMEA to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and high-dose-rate brachytherapy are presented. Recommendations on how to apply this new approach to individual clinics and further research and development will also be discussed.

Huq, M. Saiful [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)], E-mail: huqs@upmc.edu; Fraass, Benedick A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Dunscombe, Peter B. [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Center, Calgary, AB (Canada); Gibbons, John P. [Department of Medical Physics, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey S. [Radiological Physics Center, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Medin, Paul M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE (United States); Mundt, Arno [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States); Mutic, Sassa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St. Louis, MO (United States); Palta, Jatinder R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Thomadsen, Bruce R. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Williamson, Jeffrey F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA (United States); Yorke, Ellen D. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2008-05-01

306

Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

1993-04-01

307

Management of government quality assurance functions for NASA contracts  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minimum oversight and effective use of resources. This handbook implements Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Part 46, NASA FAR Supplement 18-46, Quality Assurance, and NMI 7410.1. Achievement of established quality and reliability goals at all levels is essential to the success of NASA programs. Active participation by NASA and other agency quality assurance personnel in all phases of contract operations, including precontract activity, will assist in the economic and timely achievement of program results. This involves broad participation in design, development, procurement, inspection, testing, and preventive and corrective actions. Consequently, government, as well as industry, must place strong emphasis on the accomplishment of all functions having a significant bearing on quality and reliability from program initiation through end-use of supplies and services produced. For purposes of implementing NASA and other agency agreements, and to provide for uniformity and consistency, the terminology and definitions prescribed herein and in a future handbook shall be utilized for all NASA quality assurance delegations and subsequent redelegations.

1993-01-01

308

Production, quality and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs).  

PubMed

This contribution describes characterization, classification, production, application and quality assurance of Refuse Derived Fuels (RDFs) that are increasingly used in a wide range of co-incineration plants. It is shown in this paper, that the fuel-parameter, i.e. net calorific value [MJ/kg(OS)], particle size d(90) or d(95) [mm], impurities [w%], chlorine content [w%], sulfur content [w%], fluorine content [w%], ash content [w%], moisture [w%] and heavy metals content [mg/kg(DM)], can be preferentially used for the classification of different types of RDF applied for co-incineration and substitution of fossil-fuel in different industial sectors. Describing the external production of RDF by processing and confectioning of wastes as well as internal processing of waste at the incineration plant, a case study is reported on the application of RDF made out of different household waste fractions in a 120,000t/yr Waste to Energy (WtE) circulating fluidized bed (CFB) incinerator. For that purpose, delivered wastes, as well as incinerator feedstock material (i.e. after internal waste processing) are extensively investigated. Starting with elaboration of sampling plan in accordance with the relevant guidelines and standards, waste from different suppliers was sampled. Moreover, manual sorting analyses and chemical analyses were carried out. Finally, results of investigations are presented and discussed in the paper. PMID:23746983

Sarc, R; Lorber, K E

2013-09-01

309

Software for Optimizing Quality Assurance of Other Software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software assurance is the planned and systematic set of activities that ensures that software processes and products conform to requirements, standards, and procedures. Examples of such activities are the following: code inspections, unit tests, design reviews, performance analyses, construction of traceability matrices, etc. In practice, software development projects have only limited resources (e.g., schedule, budget, and availability of personnel) to cover the entire development effort, of which assurance is but a part. Projects must therefore select judiciously from among the possible assurance activities. At its heart, this can be viewed as an optimization problem; namely, to determine the allocation of limited resources (time, money, and personnel) to minimize risk or, alternatively, to minimize the resources needed to reduce risk to an acceptable level. The end result of the work reported here is a means to optimize quality-assurance processes used in developing software.

Feather, Martin; Cornford, Steven; Menzies, Tim

2004-01-01

310

ERD UMTRA Project quality assurance program plan, Revision 7  

SciTech Connect

This document is the revised Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) dated September, 1995 for the Environmental Restoration Division (ERD) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRA). Quality Assurance requirements for the ERD UMTRA Project are based on the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C or applicable sections of 10 CFR 830.120. QA requirements contained in this QAPP shall apply to all personnel, processes, and activities, including planning, scheduling, and cost control, performed by the ERD UMTRA Project and its contractors.

NONE

1995-09-01

311

Development of quality assurance methods for epoxy graphite prepreg  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy/prepregs were developed. Liquid chromatography, differential scanning calorimetry, and gel permeation chromatography were investigated. These methods were applied to a second prepreg system. The resin matrix formulation was correlated with mechanical properties. Dynamic mechanical analysis and fracture toughness methods were investigated. The chromatography and calorimetry techniques were all successfully developed as quality assurance methods for graphite epoxy prepregs. The liquid chromatography method was the most sensitive to changes in resin formulation. The were also successfully applied to the second prepreg system.

Chen, J. S.; Hunter, A. B.

1982-01-01

312

[Quality assurance in dentistry--past, present and future].  

PubMed

Quality assurance involves the cycle of quality assessment, formal identification of problems, developing a strategy for resolving problems and implementation of changes. Historically, the term "first do not harm" can be considered as the first step in quality assurance. Patients' high expectations from the outcomes of dental treatment, new technology and cost containment changed the perspectives completely. We are facing a new era of an increasing demand for patients' involvement as well as an increasing demand for accountability of the members of the profession. The article describes the development of the issue of quality assurance during the last thirty years and highlights the difficulties encountered by the profession in adjusting the changes due to lack of education, experience, knowledge and absence of a definition for accepted criteria for action. Developing criteria for appropriateness of dental treatment, developing mechanisms for assessing the art of care, development of large data bases and development of consumers' surveys are some of the leading suggestions for future action. The responsibility for quality and quality assurance lies in the hands of the dental profession. Organized dentistry possesses a social and ethical commitment for the society, as well as professional obligation for the members of the profession. Although cost containment gave rise to the issue of quality, quality assurance should not be measured in financial terms, but in terms of accepting responsibility and working for continuous improvement. Steps in the right direction will, hopefully, lead to a better and more efficient utilization of the available resources and will increase the trust of the public in the profession of dentistry. Therefore, organized dentistry should not leave this important issue to be dealt by non-dental professions or commercial organizations. PMID:12674922

Vered, Y; Schwartz, N; Babayoff, I

2003-01-01

313

Rankings and Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rankings have become a widespread phenomenon in an increasingly competitive world of higher education. They differ with regard to their aims, objectives, target groups, and with regard to their relationship to quality and quality assessment. Generally, rankings are an external assessment of the performance of higher education institutions; they…

Federkeil, Gero

2008-01-01

314

HANDBOOK: QUALITY ASSURANCE/QUALITY CONTROL (QA/QC) PROCEDURES FOR HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations for hazardous waste incineration require trial burns by permit applicants. uality Assurance Project Plan (QAPjP) must accompany a trial burn plan with appropriate quality assurance/quality control procedures. uidance on the prepa...

315

From Quality Assurance to Quality Practices: An Investigation of Strong Microcultures in Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the main beliefs in quality assurance is that this activity--indirectly--will stimulate change in the work practices associated with teaching and learning in higher education. However, few studies have provided empirical evidence of the existence of such a link. Instead, quality assurance has created an unfortunate divide between formal…

Mårtensson, Katarina; Roxå, Torgny; Stensaker, Bjørn

2014-01-01

316

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. The document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic dr...

317

TECHNICAL GUIDANCE DOCUMENT: QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR WASTE CONTAINMENT FACILITIES  

EPA Science Inventory

This Technical Guidance Document provides comprehensive guidance on procedures for quality assurance and quality control for waste containment facilities. he document includes a discussion of principles and concepts, compacted soil liners, soil drainage systems, geosynthetic drai...

318

Legacy Management CERCLA Sites. Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

S.M. Stoller Corporation is the contractor for the Technical Assistance Contract (TAC) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) operations. Stoller employs a management system that applies to all programs, projects, and business management systems funded through DOE-LM task orders. The management system incorporates the philosophy, policies, and requirements of health and safety, environmental compliance, and quality assurance (QA) in all aspects of project planning and implementation. Health and safety requirements are documented in the Health and Safety Manual (STO 2), the Radiological Control Manual (STO 3), the Integrated Safety Management System Description (STO 10), and the Drilling Health and Safety Requirements (STO 14). Environmental compliance policy and requirements are documented in the Environmental Management Program Implementation Manual (STO 11). The QA Program is documented in the Quality Assurance Manual (STO 1). The QA Manual (STO 1) implements the specific requirements and philosophy of DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance. This manual also includes the requirements of other standards that are regularly imposed by customers, regulators, or other DOE orders. Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 830, “Quality Assurance Requirements,” ANSI/ASQC E4-2004, “Quality Systems for Environmental Data and Technology Programs – Requirements with Guidance for Use,” and ISO 14001-2004, “Environmental Management Systems,” have been included. These standards are similar in content. The intent of the QA Manual (STO 1) is to provide a QA management system that incorporates the requirements and philosophy of DOE and other customers within the QA Manual. Criterion 1, “Quality Assurance Program,” identifies the fundamental requirements for establishing and implementing the QA management system; QA Instruction (QAI) 1.1, “QA Program Implementation,” identifies the TAC organizations that have responsibility for implementing the QA program requirements; and Appendix C of the QA Manual provides comparison tables that identify where the requirements of other standards are addressed in the QA Manual.

None

2007-05-03

319

[Quality assurance in head and neck surgical oncology].  

PubMed

In patients' management affected by head and neck cancers, surgery takes a major place with radiotherapy and chemotherapy. An updating of the surgical techniques available, and validated indications seems useful to harmonize the head and neck oncological surgery practices and so optimize its safety. A focus on the quality assurance in head and neck surgical oncology is proposed. PMID:24886901

Vergez, Sébastien; Jegoux, Franck; Dolivet, Gilles; Morinière, Sylvain

2014-05-01

320

SOIL SAMPLING QUALITY ASSURANCE USER'S GUIDE--SECOND EDITION  

EPA Science Inventory

Use of the first edition of the "Soil Sampling Quality Assurance User's Guide" as a text in a series of seminars conducted at various U.S. EPA Regional Offices elicited many constructive comments for improvements from seminar attendees. Many of these suggested improvements have b...

321

The Renewal of Quality Assurance in UK Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It might not have been quite what he had in mind when he said it, but Aristotle was right: good quality assurance must be a habit embedded at every level within higher education, not an isolated occurrence. But even good habits can become mere routine, in danger of being emptied of their original purpose and meaning. Periodically, review and…

McClaran, Anthony

2010-01-01

322

Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software  

E-print Network

Model-Based Quality Assurance of Automotive Software Jan Jürjens1 , Daniel Rei�2 , and David, Germany Abstract. Software in embedded (e.g. automotive) systems requires a high level of reliability to the automotive sector, characterized by strict safety requirements to com- ponents of a motor vehicle (see [5, 16

Jurjens, Jan

323

Reconciling Organisational Culture and External Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Organisational culture and external quality assurance have both been presented as significant drivers of effectiveness, efficiency and excellence in higher education institutions. However, these assumptions have not been critically examined given the philosophical, conceptual and methodological contestations surrounding both constructs. A…

Naidoo, Dhaya

2013-01-01

324

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard...of mattress sets. If any test performed for quality assurance...or if a manufacturer obtains test results or other evidence that...could negatively affect the test performance of the...

2010-01-01

325

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard...of mattress sets. If any test performed for quality assurance...or if a manufacturer obtains test results or other evidence that...could negatively affect the test performance of the...

2012-01-01

326

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard...of mattress sets. If any test performed for quality assurance...or if a manufacturer obtains test results or other evidence that...could negatively affect the test performance of the...

2013-01-01

327

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard...of mattress sets. If any test performed for quality assurance...or if a manufacturer obtains test results or other evidence that...could negatively affect the test performance of the...

2014-01-01

328

16 CFR 1633.6 - Quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS The Standard...of mattress sets. If any test performed for quality assurance...or if a manufacturer obtains test results or other evidence that...could negatively affect the test performance of the...

2011-01-01

329

Russian Higher Education and European Standards of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the relevance and implementation of European approaches to quality assurance in the context of the Russian educational system. It covers the issues of transformation of the higher education system during the post-Soviet period, specific features of the state accreditation system, the impact of the European Standards and…

Motova, Galina; Pykko, Ritta

2012-01-01

330

Higher Education Quality Assurance Organisations in Central and Eastern Europe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the development of intermediary, or buffer, bodies dealing with quality assurance in higher education in Central and Eastern Europe over the past 10 years. It relates these developments to the context of communist-era centralisation and control, and to more recent interventions by international aid agencies. The lessons that…

Temple, Paul; Billing, David

2003-01-01

331

Patient dosimetry quality assurance program with a commerical diode system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose was to evaluate a commercial silicone diode dosimeter for a patient dosimetry quality assurance program. The diode dosimeter was calibrated against an ion chamber, and percentage depth dose, linearity, anisotrophy, virtual source position, and field size factor studies were performed. Correction factors for lack of full scatter medium in the diode entrance and exit dose measurements were acquired.

Plato C. Lee; Joanna M. Sawicka; Glenn P. Glasgow

1994-01-01

332

Quality assurance implementation plan for spent nuclear fuel characterization  

SciTech Connect

A plan was prepared to implement the Quality Assurance requirements of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management RW-0333P to the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization activities. The plan was based on an evaluation of the current characterization activities against the RW-0333P requirements.

Horhota, M.J.; Lawrence, L.A.

1997-07-10

333

Quality Assured Assessment Processes: Evaluating Staff Response to Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical education is not exempt from the increasing societal expectations of accountability and this is evidenced by an increasing number of litigation cases by students who are dissatisfied with their assessment. The time and monetary costs of student appeals makes it imperative that medical schools adopt robust quality assured assessment…

Malau-Aduli, Bunmi S.; Zimitat, Craig; Malau-Aduli, Aduli E. O.

2011-01-01

334

On Quantitative Software Quality Assurance Methodologies for Cardiac Pacemakers  

E-print Network

On Quantitative Software Quality Assurance Methodologies for Cardiac Pacemakers Marta Kwiatkowska. Embedded software is at the heart of implantable medical de- vices such as cardiac pacemakers, and rigorous-based design; quantitative verification; hybrid au- tomata; heart modelling; cardiac pacemakers. 1 Introduction

Oxford, University of

335

GUIDES FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

The document provides conceptual guidelines for the development, implementation and evaluation of research task quality assurance plans for staff of the Health Effects Research Laboratory (HERL/RTP) of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Caroli...

336

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must use Q...

337

FINDING THE BALANCE - QUALITY ASSURANCE REQUIREMENTS VS. RESEARCH NEEDS  

EPA Science Inventory

Investigators often misapply quality assurance (QA) procedures and may consider QA as a hindrance to developing test plans for sampling and analysis. If used properly, however, QA is the driving force for collecting the right kind and proper amount of data. Researchers must...

338

QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EFFECTS RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

This document is a statement of the quality assurance (QA) policy of the Health Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina (HERL-RTP). It describes the HERL-RTP QA organization and the QA responsibilities of both mana...

339

Quality Assurance Procedures for ModCat Database Code Files  

SciTech Connect

The Quality Assurance procedures used for the initial phase of the Model Catalog Project were developed to attain two objectives, referred to as “basic functionality” and “visualization.” To ensure the Monte Carlo N-Particle model input files posted into the ModCat database meet those goals, all models considered as candidates for the database are tested, revised, and re-tested.

Siciliano, Edward R.; Devanathan, Ram; Guillen, Zoe C.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2014-04-01

340

Z .Geomorphology 29 1999 173185 Quality assurance in luminescence dating  

E-print Network

Z .Geomorphology 29 1999 173­185 Quality assurance in luminescence dating Michele L. Clarke a Recent advances in luminescence dating have led to increasing application of the technique to sediments and deposition under turbid conditions. The complete zeroing of the luminescence signal, by exposure to light

Clarke, Michèle

341

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

342

The Contradictory Managerialism of University Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates how Australian universities are being disciplined to behave as commercial enterprises by the Australian Universities Quality Agency (AUQA). The manual produced by AUQA, for the purpose of conducting audits of Australian universities, is analysed. I use an analytical framework that provides a means by which a text from the…

Reid, Ian C.

2009-01-01

343

Central Curricular Decisions and Quality Assurance Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general research goal for this study was to determine whether the decision to launch guided self-study as a global concept for university teaching at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Flanders, Belgium) has had any impact on the evaluation of educational quality at the level of individual programs. The main hypothesis was that departments…

Clement, Mieke; Elen, Jan; Hulpiau, Veerle; Waeytens, Kim

344

SAPHIRE 8 Quality Assurance Software Metrics Report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this review of software metrics is to examine the quality of the metrics gathered in the 2010 IV&V and to set an outline for results of updated metrics runs to be performed. We find from the review that the maintenance of accepted quality standards presented in the SAPHIRE 8 initial Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) of April, 2010 is most easily achieved by continuing to utilize the tools used in that effort while adding a metric of bug tracking and resolution. Recommendations from the final IV&V were to continue periodic measurable metrics such as McCabe's complexity measure to ensure quality is maintained. The four software tools used to measure quality in the IV&V were CodeHealer, Coverage Validator, Memory Validator, Performance Validator, and Thread Validator. These are evaluated based on their capabilities. We attempted to run their latest revisions with the newer Delphi 2010 based SAPHIRE 8 code that has been developed and was successful with all of the Validator series of tools on small tests. Another recommendation from the IV&V was to incorporate a bug tracking and resolution metric. To improve our capability of producing this metric, we integrated our current web reporting system with the SpiraTest test management software purchased earlier this year to track requirements traceability.

Kurt G. Vedros

2011-08-01

345

University of Toronto Quality Assurance Process (UTQAP) Revised version approved by the  

E-print Network

University of Toronto Quality Assurance Process (UTQAP) Revised version approved by the Ontario Universities Council on Quality Assurance September 21, 2012 #12;University of Toronto UTQAP 2 Table and response 5.9 Quality Council audit process #12;University of Toronto UTQAP 3 1 Quality Assurance Context 1

Wells, Mathew G. - Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, University of Toronto

346

Quality assurance in phase II and III studies.  

PubMed

Quality control participates in the clinical research process by providing an auditing function to evaluate compliance with company standards and regulatory requirements. Additionally, quality control support is provided for the proper manufacture and release of clinical supplies and a day-to-day involvement in the clinical operation for the review of selected clinical documents, interactions with regulatory agencies, and the creation/review of clinical systems. The quality of the clinical study is the result of the combined efforts of the clinical personnel that perform the study and the support groups such as quality assurance. PMID:7952970

Wood, D J

1993-12-01

347

Quality assurance in the Brenham Residue Lab  

E-print Network

I. Introduction II. Quality Program Specifics III. Sample Background IV. Residue Sample Background V. Soils VI. Plant and Vegetation Material VII. Rural Groundwater Survey VIII. Specific Applications IX. Conclusions X. PAM 232. 4 Recovery... Results XI. PAM 212. 1 Recovery Results XII. Acetone Extraction Recovery Results XIII. Methanol Extraction Recovery Results XIV. EPA Draft Method Recovery Results XV. References XVI. Vita 10 17 19 24 28 30 33 66 67 LIST OF TABLES I. Table...

Jackson, Jerry

1988-01-01

348

Introduction of Break-Out Session at the International PV Module Quality Assurance Forum (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation outlines review requirements for quality assurance (QA) rating systems, logical design of QA systems, and specific tasks for break-out session 1 of the 2011 International PV Module Quality Assurance Forum.

Kurtz, S.; Wohlgemuth, J.; Yamamichi, M.; Sample, T.

2011-07-01

349

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2014-07-01

350

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2012-07-01

351

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2013-07-01

352

30 CFR 250.806 - Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...Safety Systems § 250.806 Safety and pollution prevention equipment quality assurance...may install only certified safety and pollution prevention equipment (SPPE) in...

2011-07-01

353

Technical aspects of quality assurance in radiation oncology  

PubMed Central

The technical aspects of quality assurance (QA) in radiation oncology as practice in the United States will be reviewed and updated in the spirit of offering the experience to the radiation oncology communities in the Asia-Pacific region. The word “technical” is used to express the organisational components or processes and not the materials within the QA program. A comprehensive QA program in radiation oncology will have an official statement declaring the quality plan for effective patient care services it provides in a document. The QA program will include all aspects of patient care: physical, clinical, and medical aspects of the services. The document will describe the organisational structure, responsibilities, checks and procedures, and resources allocated to ensure the successful implementation of the quality of patient management. Regulatory guidelines and guidelines from accreditation agencies should be incorporated in the QA program to ensure compliance. The organisational structure will have a multidisciplinary QA committee that has the authority to evaluate continuously the effectiveness of the QA program to provide prompt corrective recommendations and to request feedback as needed to monitor the response. The continuous monitoring aspects require meetings to be held at regular intervals with the minutes of the meetings officially recorded and documented. To ensure that a QA program is effective, the program itself should be audited for quality at regular intervals at least annually. It has been recognised that the current QA program has not kept abreast with the rapid implementation of new and advanced radiation therapy technologies with the most recent in image-based radiation therapy technology. The societal bodies (ASTRO and AAPM) and federal agency (NCI) acknowledge this inadequacy and have held workshops to address this issue. The challenges for the societal bodies and federal agency are numerous that include (a) the prescriptive methodology used may not be appropriate for currently implemented new technologies, (b) resources are becoming scarce, (c) advanced radiation therapy technologies have been introduced too rapidly, (d) advances in radiation therapy technologies have become too sophisticated and specialised with each therapy modality having its own separate set of equipment, for example its own dose planning software, computer system and dose delivery systems requiring individualised QA procedures. At the present time, industrial engineers are being recruited to assist in devising a methodology that is broad-based and more process-oriented risk-based formulation of QA in radiation oncology. PMID:21611011

Saw, CB; Ferenci, MS; Wanger, H

2008-01-01

354

US experiences for quality assurance in Swiss health care settings.  

PubMed

This report illustrates the first step of a research project at the Institute of Business Research, University of Zurich, concerning quality improvement techniques in Swiss health care institutions. It endeavors to provide a forecast of further research activities. Apart from the analysis provided by the most recent follow-up on the National Demonstration Project for Quality Improvement in Health Care (NDP), this also shows the lessons learned from the perspective of the initial NDP participants. Additionally, the results are adapted for application to European circumstances for quality improvement activities in health care institutions. US experience shows that physician involvement along with a good database are key success factors for quality improvement. Strategically important processes must be selected early on for quality improvement projects. It is important to start with intensive training of process leaders instead of a broad-based training. Furthermore, the new Swiss law regarding quality assurance and its results are explained. The formation of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NAQ) means that first-time Swiss health care providers, as well as health insurance-companies and cantonal representatives, are discussing quality measures and clinical standards on a national level. PMID:8792176

Schmidt, S L

1996-04-01

355

48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.404 Government...

2012-10-01

356

48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.404 Government...

2010-10-01

357

48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.404 Government...

2014-10-01

358

48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.404 Government...

2013-10-01

359

48 CFR 246.404 - Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the simplified acquisition...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Government contract quality assurance for acquisitions at or below the...SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.404 Government...

2011-10-01

360

Assuring the quality of safety analyses and safety analysis documentation  

SciTech Connect

Planning, preparation, and submittal of safety analysis reports might be pursued in a manner similar to a quality-related procurement, where customer needs, expectations and acceptance criteria are established in advance. Then the product/service provider, the contractor, should apply various quality control processes to assure the desired characteristics of the product safety analysis documents. Improving the quality and acceptability to DOE of safety documents at first submittal should result in a more expeditious DOE review and approval process, thereby reducing costs of network and recycle through reviews.

J. E. Johnson

2000-05-03

361

Assuring the Quality of Safety Analyses and Safety Analysis Documentation  

SciTech Connect

Planning, preparation, and submittal of safety analysis reports might be pursued in a manner similar to a quality-related procurement, where customer needs, expectations and acceptance criteria are established in advance. Then the product/service provider, the contractor, should apply various quality control processes to assure the desired characteristics of the product safety analysis documents. Improving the quality and acceptability to DOE of safety documents at first submittal should result in a more expeditious DOE review and approval process, thereby reducing costs of network and recycle through reviews.

Johnson, John Edwin

2000-05-01

362

Software Process Improvement Initiatives Based on Quality Assurance Strategies: A QATAM Pilot Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quality Assurance (QA) strategies, i.e., bundles of verification and validation approaches embedded within a balanced software process can support project and quality managers in systematically planning and implementing improvement initiatives. New and modified processes and methods come up frequently that seems promising candidates for improvement. Nevertheless, the impact of processes and methods strongly depends on individual project contexts. A major challenge is how to systematically select and implement "bestpractices" for product construction, verification, and validation. In this paper we present the Quality Assurance Tradeoff Analysis Method (QATAM) that supports engineers in (a) systematically identifying candidate QA strategies and (b) evaluating QA strategy variants in a given project context. We evaluate feasibility and usefulness in a pilot application in a medium-size software engineering organization. Main results were that QATAM was considered useful for identifying and evaluating various improvement initiatives applicable for large organizations as well as for small and medium enterprises.

Winkler, Dietmar; Elberzhager, Frank; Biffl, Stefan; Eschbach, Robert

363

The Introduction of External Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education: An Analysis of Stakeholder Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the take-up of proposals for a national quality assurance system in South Africa using different approaches to quality assurance to classify stakeholder responses to survey and interview questions. The context of the study was the introduction of an external quality assurance system for South African higher education by an…

Luckett, Kathy

2007-01-01

364

An In-Depth Study on the Impact of External Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After more than two decades of external quality assurance, there is an increasing interest in questions concerning the impact and effects of this activity. Following an external evaluation of NOKUT--the Norwegian quality assurance agency, this article studies the impact of external quality assurance in detail by analysing quantitative and…

Stensaker, Bjorn; Langfeldt, Liv; Harvey, Lee; Huisman, Jeroen; Westerheijden, Don

2011-01-01

365

External Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Making Choices. Fundamentals of Educational Planning 85  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet aims to provide policy advice and support to decision-makers and managers in the area of quality assurance in higher education. In order to do so, the authors describe and discuss major issues that decision-makers in charge of quality assurance need to consider for the creation or development of an external quality assurance (EQA)…

Martin, Michaela; Stella, Antony

2007-01-01

366

21 CFR 1000.55 - Recommendation for quality assurance programs in diagnostic radiology facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Recommendation for quality assurance programs...Applicability. Quality assurance...any part of the human body for...facilities. (2) Quality assurance ...procedures are those management actions intended...objectives and resources conducted by...determined on the basis of whether...

2010-04-01

367

Effluent monitoring Quality Assurance Project Plan for radioactive airborne emissions data. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for compiling Hanford Site radioactive airborne emissions data. These data will be reported to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the US Department of Energy, and the Washington State Department of Health. Effluent Monitoring performs compliance assessments on radioactive airborne sampling and monitoring systems. This Quality Assurance Project Plan is prepared in compliance with interim guidelines and specifications. Topics include: project description; project organization and management; quality assurance objectives; sampling procedures; sample custody; calibration procedures; analytical procedures; monitoring and reporting criteria; data reduction, verification, and reporting; internal quality control; performance and system audits; corrective actions; and quality assurance reports.

Frazier, T.P.

1995-12-01

368

Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

1993-01-01

369

Mission operations and command assurance: Flight operations quality improvements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce risk in mission operations by addressing human factors. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team, to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Kazz, Sheri L.; Potts, Sherrill S.; Witkowski, Mona M.

1994-01-01

370

Mission operations and command assurance: Instilling quality into flight operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA) is a Total Quality Management (TQM) task on JPL projects to instill quality in flight mission operations. From a system engineering view, MO&CA facilitates communication and problem-solving among flight teams and provides continuous process improvement to reduce the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. The MO&CA task has evolved from participating as a member of the spacecraft team to an independent team reporting directly to flight project management and providing system level assurance. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's effort to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit from previous and ongoing flight experience.

Welz, Linda L.; Witkowski, Mona M.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Potts, Sherrill S.

1993-03-01

371

The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

Fix, N. J.

2008-11-30

372

Professional Standards Review Organizations. Another quality assurance program.  

PubMed

A brief history oa quality assurance efforts preceding the Professional Standards Review Organization law is presented. The goals of the legislation and its requirements and procedures are discussed. Particular emphasis is placed on the PSRO requirements for short-stay hospital review which is the area where PSRO efforts will initially concentrate. The possibilities of non-physician involvement in the review process are briefly discussed. PMID:1239020

Sadin, R R

1975-12-01

373

Task Group 142 report: quality assurance of medical accelerators.  

PubMed

The task group (TG) for quality assurance of medical accelerators was constituted by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine's Science Council under the direction of the Radiation Therapy Committee and the Quality Assurance and Outcome Improvement Subcommittee. The task group (TG-142) had two main charges. First to update, as needed, recommendations of Table II of the AAPM TG-40 report on quality assurance and second, to add recommendations for asymmetric jaws, multileaf collimation (MLC), and dynamic/virtual wedges. The TG accomplished the update to TG-40, specifying new test and tolerances, and has added recommendations for not only the new ancillary delivery technologies but also for imaging devices that are part of the linear accelerator. The imaging devices include x-ray imaging, photon portal imaging, and cone-beam CT. The TG report was designed to account for the types of treatments delivered with the particular machine. For example, machines that are used for radiosurgery treatments or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) require different tests and/or tolerances. There are specific recommendations for MLC quality assurance for machines performing IMRT. The report also gives recommendations as to action levels for the physicists to implement particular actions, whether they are inspection, scheduled action, or immediate and corrective action. The report is geared to be flexible for the physicist to customize the QA program depending on clinical utility. There are specific tables according to daily, monthly, and annual reviews, along with unique tables for wedge systems, MLC, and imaging checks. The report also gives specific recommendations regarding setup of a QA program by the physicist in regards to building a QA team, establishing procedures, training of personnel, documentation, and end-to-end system checks. The tabulated items of this report have been considerably expanded as compared with the original TG-40 report and the recommended tolerances accommodate differences in the intended use of the machine functionality (non-IMRT, IMRT, and stereotactic delivery). PMID:19810494

Klein, Eric E; Hanley, Joseph; Bayouth, John; Yin, Fang-Fang; Simon, William; Dresser, Sean; Serago, Christopher; Aguirre, Francisco; Ma, Lijun; Arjomandy, Bijan; Liu, Chihray; Sandin, Carlos; Holmes, Todd

2009-09-01

374

Gastric cancer: staging, treatment, and surgical quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research described in this thesis focuses on several aspects of gastric cancer care: staging and prognostication, multimodality treatment, and surgical quality assurance.\\u000a\\u000aPART I - STAGING AND PROGNOSTICATION\\u000aCancer staging is one of the fundamental activities in oncology.6,7 For over 50 years, the TNM classification has been a standard in classifying the anatomic extent of disease.8 In order to maintain

Johannes Leen Dikken

2012-01-01

375

Quality assurance for Electron Cyclotron Resonant Heating (ECRH)  

SciTech Connect

Due to the complexity of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) and the importance of operating time, all the subsystems must be made as reliable as possible. ECRH is such a subsystem. In order to accomplish this task with ECRH, two things were needed: (1) training in proper operation and maintenance of the system; (2) a quality control assurance program. This paper will explain how these things were implemented.

Lauze, R.R.; Karsner, P.G.; Heefner, J.W.

1985-11-11

376

Lot quality assurance sampling to monitor supplemental immunization activity quality: an essential tool for improving performance in polio endemic countries.  

PubMed

Monitoring the quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) is a key tool for polio eradication. Regular monitoring data, however, are often unreliable, showing high coverage levels in virtually all areas, including those with ongoing virus circulation. To address this challenge, lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS) was introduced in 2009 as an additional tool to monitor SIA quality. Now used in 8 countries, LQAS provides a number of programmatic benefits: identifying areas of weak coverage quality with statistical reliability, differentiating areas of varying coverage with greater precision, and allowing for trend analysis of campaign quality. LQAS also accommodates changes to survey format, interpretation thresholds, evaluations of sample size, and data collection through mobile phones to improve timeliness of reporting and allow for visualization of campaign quality. LQAS becomes increasingly important to address remaining gaps in SIA quality and help focus resources on high-risk areas to prevent the continued transmission of wild poliovirus. PMID:25316852

Brown, Alexandra E; Okayasu, Hiromasa; Nzioki, Michael M; Wadood, Mufti Z; Chabot-Couture, Guillaume; Quddus, Arshad; Walker, George; Sutter, Roland W

2014-11-01

377

Quality Assurance Project Plan for Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan addresses the quality assurance requirements for the Facility Monitoring Plans of the overall site-wide environmental monitoring plan. This plan specifically applies to the sampling and analysis activities and continuous monitoring performed for all Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan activities conducted by Westinghouse Hanford Company. It is generic in approach and will be implemented in conjunction with the specific requirements of individual Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans. This document is intended to be a basic road map to the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan documents (i.e., the guidance document for preparing Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan determinations, management plan, and Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans). The implementing procedures, plans, and instructions are appropriate for the control of effluent monitoring plans requiring compliance with US Department of Energy, US Environmental Protection Agency, state, and local requirements. This Quality Assurance Project Plan contains a matrix of organizational responsibilities, procedural resources from facility or site manuals used in the Facility Effluent Monitoring Plans, and a list of the analytes of interest and analytical methods for each facility preparing a Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan. 44 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs.

Nickels, J.M.

1991-06-01

378

National Ignition Facility Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is a key constituent of the Department of Energy`s Stockpile Stewardship Program. The NIF will use inertial confinement fusion (ICF) to produce ignition and energy gain in ICF targets, and will perform weapons physics and high-energy- density experiments in support of national security and civilian objectives. The NIF Project is a national facility involving the collaboration of several DOE laboratories and subcontractors, including Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), and the University of Rochester Laboratory for Laser Energetics (UR/LLE). The primary mission of the NIF Project is the construction and start-up operation of laser-based facilities that will demonstrate fusion ignition in the laboratory to provide nuclear-weapons-related physics data, and secondarily, to propagate fusion burn aimed at developing a potential source of civilian energy. To support the accomplishment of this very important mission, the LLNL Laser Directorate created the NIF Project Office to organize and bring about the Project. The NIF Project Office has established this Quality Assurance Program to ensure its success. This issue of the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) adds the requirements for the conduct of Title 11 design, construction, procurement, and Title III engineering. This QAPP defines and describes the program-the management system-for specifying, achieving, and assuring the quality of all NIF Project work consistent with the policies of the Laboratory and the Laser Directorate.

Wolfe, C.R.; Yatabe, J.

1996-09-01

379

Quality measures and assurance for AI (Artificial Intelligence) software  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is concerned with the application of software quality and evaluation measures to AI software and, more broadly, with the question of quality assurance for AI software. Considered are not only the metrics that attempt to measure some aspect of software quality, but also the methodologies and techniques (such as systematic testing) that attempt to improve some dimension of quality, without necessarily quantifying the extent of the improvement. The report is divided into three parts Part 1 reviews existing software quality measures, i.e., those that have been developed for, and applied to, conventional software. Part 2 considers the characteristics of AI software, the applicability and potential utility of measures and techniques identified in the first part, and reviews those few methods developed specifically for AI software. Part 3 presents an assessment and recommendations for the further exploration of this important area.

Rushby, John

1988-01-01

380

Assuring both quality and creativity in basic research  

SciTech Connect

How does one assure that both quality and creativity are obtained in basic research environments QA theoreticians have attempted to develop workable definitions of quality, but in more reflective moments, these definitions often fail to capture the deeper essence of the idea of quality.'' This paper asserts that creativity (as a product of the human mind) is a concrete interface between perfunctory definitions of quality (conformance to specifications) and more philosophical speculations about the nature of quality- related ultimates'' like elegance or beauty. In addition, we describe the distinction between creative ideas and creative acts and highlight one of the major inhibitors of creativity, fear. Finally we show that highly creative people often have an irreverent attitude toward boundaries and established authority, and discuss how one can allow for this when designing a QA program in a basic research environment.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1990-04-12

381

A comprehensive framework for quality assurance in clinical trials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomarkers captured by medical images are increasingly used as indicators for the efficacy or safety of a certain drug or treatment for clinical trials. For example, medical images such as CT or MR are often used for extracting quantitative measurements for the assessment of tumor treatment response while evaluating a chemotherapy drug for therapeutic cancer trials. Quality assurance is defined as "All those planned and systematic actions that are established to ensure that the trial is performed and the data are generated, documented (recorded), and reported in compliance with good clinical practice (GCP) and the applicable regulatory requirement(s)" [1]. Our objective is to build a generalized and an automated framework for quality assurance within the clinical trials workflow. In order to reach this goal, a set of standardized software tools have been developed for quality assurance. Furthermore, we outline some guidelines as recommendations for the users handling the image data within the research workflow. The software tools developed include tools for image selection, image pseudonymization and image quality conformance check. The export tools are developed based on the specifications of the Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) Teaching and Clinical Trial Export (TCE) profile. A DICOM-based quality conformance approach has been developed by validating the DICOM header attributes required for a certain imaging application (e.g. CAD, MPR, 3D) and comparing imaging acquisition parameters against the protocol specification. A formal description language is used to represent such quality requirements. For evaluation, imaging data collected from a clinical trial site were validated against Multi-Planar Reconstruction (MPR). We found that out of 60 studies, about 30% of image series volumes failed the MPR check for some common reasons.

El Gazzar, Omar; Onken, Michael; Eichelberg, Marco; Hein, Andreas; Kotter, Elmar

2012-02-01

382

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) quality assurance expert systems development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spacelab Data Processing Facility (SLDPF) expert system prototypes were developed to assist in the quality assurance of Spacelab and/or Attached Shuttle Payload (ASP) processed telemetry data. The SLDPF functions include the capturing, quality monitoring, processing, accounting, and forwarding of mission data to various user facilities. Prototypes for the two SLDPF functional elements, the Spacelab Output Processing System and the Spacelab Input Processing Element, are described. The prototypes have produced beneficial results including an increase in analyst productivity, a decrease in the burden of tedious analyses, the consistent evaluation of data, and the providing of concise historical records.

Kelly, Angelita C.; Basile, Lisa; Ames, Troy; Watson, Janice; Dallam, William

1987-01-01

383

Elusive Search for Quality Education: The Case of Quality Assurance and Teacher Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine issues of quality and quality assurance in Kenyan schools, identify reasons why Kenya government has difficulties in achieving its well documented search for quality education and to trace the process for ensuring the accountability of teachers in Kenya. This focus is done under conditions of…

Odhiambo, George

2008-01-01

384

QUALITY CONTROL AND QUALITY ASSURANCE PROCEDURES FOR LEVEL 1 HEALTH EFFECTS BIOASSAYS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report documents the development of a program of quality control (QC) and quality assurance (QA) for the EPA Level 1 environmental assessment health effects bioassays to ensure that all data collected are of known and documented quality sufficient to meet their intended use. ...

385

Challenges of assuring crew safety in space shuttle missions with international cargoes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The top priority in America's manned space flight program is the assurance of crew and vehicle safety. This priority gained greater focus during and after the Space Shuttle return-to-flight mission (STS-26). One of the interesting challenges has been to assure crew safety and adequate protection of the Space Shuttle, as a national resource, from increasingly diverse cargoes and operations. The

C. Vongsouthy; P. A Stenger-Nguyen; H. V. Nguyen; P. H Nguyen; M. C Huang; R. G Alexander

2004-01-01

386

Concept of Draft International Standard for a Unified Approach to Space Program Quality Assurance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For want of the unified approach to guaranteed space project and product quality assurance, implementation of many international space programs has become a challenge. Globalization of aerospace industry and participation of various international ventures with diverse quality assurance requirements in big international space programs requires for urgent generation of unified international standards related to this field. To ensure successful fulfillment of space missions, aerospace companies should design and process reliable and safe products with properties complying or bettering User's (or Customer's) requirements. Quality of the products designed or processed by subcontractors (or other suppliers) should also be in compliance with the main user (customer)'s requirements. Implementation of this involved set of unified requirements will be made possible by creating and approving a system (series) of international standards under a generic title Space Product Quality Assurance based on a system consensus principle. Conceptual features of the baseline standard in this system (series) should comprise: - Procedures for ISO 9000, CEN and ECSS requirements adaptation and introduction into space product creation, design, manufacture, testing and operation; - Procedures for quality assurance at initial (design) phases of space programs, with a decision on the end product made based on the principle of independence; - Procedures to arrange incoming inspection of products delivered by subcontractors (including testing, audit of supplier's procedures, review of supplier's documentation), and space product certification; - Procedures to identify materials and primary products applied; - Procedures for quality system audit at the component part, primary product and materials supplier facilities; - Unified procedures to form a list of basic performances to be under configuration management; - Unified procedures to form a list of critical space product components, and unified procedures to define risks related to the specific component application and evaluate safety for the entire program implementation. In the eyes of the authors, those features together with a number of other conceptual proposals should constitute a unified standard-technical basis for implementing international space programs.

Stryzhak, Y.; Vasilina, V.; Kurbatov, V.

2002-01-01

387

Developing a quality assurance program for online services.  

PubMed Central

A quality assurance (QA) program provides not only a mechanism for establishing training and competency standards, but also a method for continuously monitoring current service practices to correct shortcomings. The typical QA cycle includes these basic steps: select subject for review, establish measurable standards, evaluate existing services using the standards, identify problems, implement solutions, and reevaluate services. The Claude Moore Health Sciences Library (CMHSL) developed a quality assurance program for online services designed to evaluate services against specific criteria identified by research studies as being important to customer satisfaction. These criteria include reliability, responsiveness, approachability, communication, and physical factors. The application of these criteria to the library's existing online services in the quality review process is discussed with specific examples of the problems identified in each service area, as well as the solutions implemented to correct deficiencies. The application of the QA cycle to an online services program serves as a model of possible interventions. The use of QA principles to enhance online service quality can be extended to other library service areas. PMID:1909197

Humphries, A W; Naisawald, G V

1991-01-01

388

Quality Assurance of ARM Program Climate Research Facility Data  

SciTech Connect

This report documents key aspects of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) data quality assurance program as it existed in 2008. The performance of ACRF instruments, sites, and data systems is measured in terms of the availability, usability, and accessibility of the data to a user. First, the data must be available to users; that is, the data must be collected by instrument systems, processed, and delivered to a central repository in a timely manner. Second, the data must be usable; that is, the data must be inspected and deemed of sufficient quality for scientific research purposes, and data users must be able to readily tell where there are known problems in the data. Finally, the data must be accessible; that is, data users must be able to easily find, obtain, and work with the data from the central repository. The processes described in this report include instrument deployment and calibration; instrument and facility maintenance; data collection and processing infrastructure; data stream inspection and assessment; the roles of value-added data processing and field campaigns in specifying data quality and haracterizing the basic measurement; data archival, display, and distribution; data stream reprocessing; and engineering and operations management processes and procedures. Future directions in ACRF data quality assurance also are presented.

RA Peppler; KE Kehoe; KL Sonntag; CP Bahrmann; SJ Richardson; SW Christensen; RA McCord; DJ Doty; R Wagener; RC Eagan; JC Lijegren; BW Orr; DL Sisterson; TD Halter; NN Keck; CN Long; MC Macduff; JH Mather; RC Perez; JW Voyles; MD Ivey; ST Moore; DL Nitschke; BD Perkins; DD Turner

2008-03-01

389

Beta planar source quality assurance with the Fricke xylenol gel dosimeter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beta therapy is employed in post surgery to treat lesions such as pterygia, keloid and glioblastoma. The beta source most used for these purposes is 90/90Y, whose quality assurance is a challenge, because the detectors currently used for this evaluation do not satisfy the spatial resolution, the effective atomic number and the tissue equivalent conditions. The Fricke xylenol gel (FXG) has been used in several applications in radiotherapy due to its better characteristics. This dosimeter is associated with the Fe(II) to Fe(III) oxidation, post ionizing irradiation, being the final Fe(III) concentration linearly depended on the absorbed dose. The goal of this present work is to show that the FXG, with atomic effective number (Zeff) of 7.75 and high resolution (<1 mm), accomplishes quality assurance for rectangular and square planar 90Sr/90Y sources. In order to demonstrate the quality assurance, calibration curves, percentage depth dose and beam profile from exposed FXG samples were analyzed and from these results, we demonstrate the potential use of the FXG dosimeter for beta source quality control.

Alva-Sánchez, Mirko S.; de Oliveira, Lucas N.; Petchevist, Paulo C.; Moreira, Marco V.; de Almeida, Adelaide

2014-03-01

390

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

2010-07-01

391

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

2014-07-01

392

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

2011-07-01

393

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

2013-07-01

394

38 CFR 17.508 - Access to quality assurance records and documents within the agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Confidentiality...Assurance Review Records § 17.508 ...necessary, such a record or document may be removed from the VA medical facility to the...Service Chief, Medical Center Director...quality assurance records and documents...

2012-07-01

395

S-PRIME Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Quality Assurance Program Plan  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP)describes how the Thermionic Space Nuclear Power System Design and Technology Demonstration Project addresses the Quality Assurance requirements delineated in DOE Order 5700.6C and the Thermionic Program Management Plan 214PMP000001. The Quality Assurance Program is based on the following fundamental principles, which Rocketdyne endorses and the QA Project Manager and Program Manager shall enforce: Quality Achievement is a continuing responsibility of line organization at all levels; the Quality Assurance organization through the effective overview of work, gives additional assurance that specified requirements are met; risk is the fundamental consideration in determining to what extent the Quality Assurance Plan should be applied to items and processes; action is based on facts and analysis, customer driven quality, strong quality leadership and continuous improvement.

Jones, C.M.

1992-09-23

396

Need for an image quality assurance program in clinical teleradiology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is to report on the experience we have gained with regard to image quality assurance (QA) in a clinical teleradiology practice between a central university hub and multiple very remote rural spokes in a two state area. Identical standard SMPTE test pattern images were supplied to each remote site which digitized and transmitted them at monthly intervals to the hub for QA analysis. Many types of image quality inadequacies were detected. These included vertical artifact lines from dirt in the scanning mechanism, inadequate spatial resolution, inadequate contrast resolution, brightness imbalance, and variable distortions of the image. A predictable pattern of digitizer malfunction was not detected. While the quality of some sites remained relatively stable over many months, others deteriorated rapidly. We conclude that a continuous QA image screening program is essential in a hub and spoke teleradiology operation with the type and interval of screening depending upon multiple factors described in this paper.

Telepak, Robert J.; Kelsey, Charles A.

1995-05-01

397

Technical aspects of the Naval Dosimetry Center quality assurance programme.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to describe the technical aspects of the Naval Dosimetry Center (NDC) quality programme. The Navy has been formally monitoring personnel for occupational exposure to ionising radiation since at least 1946. The current system, the DT-702/PD, is the Harshaw 8840 holder and 8841 card. New card and holder checks are performed to verify that the correct LiF elements and holder filters are in the correct location and are of the correct composition. Element correction coefficient (ECC) magnitude and repeatability are also verified. Several quality assurance parameters are checked by a specially designed shipping machine. Calibration cards are used to calibrate each reader and quality control cards are inserted throughout a group of field cards to verify reader operation during the read process. The success of the programme is measured by annual proficiency tests administered by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Programme and Pacific Northwest National Laboratories. PMID:16757494

St John, T J; Cassata, J R; Blake, P K; Wallace, W H; Minniti, R

2006-01-01

398

Evaluating the Reliability and Impact of a Quality Assurance System for E-Learning Courseware  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuring e-learning quality is of interest worldwide. This paper introduces the methods of e-learning courseware quality assurance (a quality certification system) adopted by the eLQSC (e-Learning Quality Service Centre) in Taiwan. A sequential/explanatory design with a mixed methodology was used to gather research data and conduct data analyses.…

Sung, Yao-Ting; Chang, Kuo-En; Yu, Wen-Cheng

2011-01-01

399

UMTRA Project Office Quality Assurance Program Plan. Revision 5  

SciTech Connect

The Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project was established to accomplish remedial actions at inactive uranium mill tailings sites in accordance with Public Law 95-604, the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (UMTRCA). The UMTRA Project`s mission is to stabilize and control the residual radioactive materials at designated sites in a safe and environmentally sound manner so as to minimize or eliminate radiation health hazards to the public. The US Department of Energy (DOE) UMTRA Project Office directs the overall Project. Because these efforts may involve possible risks to public health and safety, a quality assurance (QA) program that conforms to the applicable criteria (set forth in the reference documents) has been established to control the quality of the work. This document, the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP), brings into one document the essential criteria to be applied on a selective basis, depending upon the nature of the activity being conducted, and describes how those criteria shall be applied to the UMTRA Project. The UMTRA Project Office shall require each Project contractor to prepare and submit for approval a more detailed QAPP that is based on the applicable criteria of this QAPP and the referenced documents. All QAPPs on the UMTRA Project shall fit within the framework of this plan or an industry standard format that has been approved by the DOE Project Office.

Not Available

1993-11-01

400

Quality assurance in psychiatry: quality indicators and guideline implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many occasions, routine mental health care does not correspond to the standards that the medical profession itself puts\\u000a forward. Hope exists to improve the outcome of severe mental illness by improving the quality of mental health care and by\\u000a implementing evidence-based consensus guidelines. Adherence to guideline recommendations should reduce costly complications\\u000a and unnecessary procedures. To measure the quality of

T. Wobrock; S. Weinmann; P. Falkai; W. Gaebel

2009-01-01

401

Quality assurance in the transport of UF{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect

Edlow International`s primary business is the international transportation of radioactive materials. Therefore, Edlow has the responsibility to ensure that shipments are performed in compliance with regulatory requirements. In this regard, Edlow maintains a Quality Assurance (QA) Program. A major part of this Program is the establishment and use of QA Procedures. This paper addresses QA procedural requirements and how they are applied to a routine international shipment of low enriched UF{sub 6}. Only the major requirements for scheduling shipments will be addressed.

Ravenscroft, N.L. [Edlow International Company, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-31

402

Quality Assurance Project Plan for waste tank vapor characterization  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan, WHC-SD-WM-QAPP-013, applies to four separate vapor sampling tasks associated with Phases 1 and 2 of the Tank Vapor Issue Resolution Program and support of the Rotary Mode Core Drilling Portable Exhauster Permit. These tasks focus on employee safety concerns and tank ventilation emission control design requirements. Previous characterization efforts and studies are of insufficient accuracy to adequately define the problem. It is believed that the technology and maturity of sampling and analytical methods can be sufficiently developed to allow the characterization of the constituents of the tank vapor space.

Suydam, C.D. Jr.

1993-12-01

403

Fabrication and quality assurance processes for superhybrid composite fan blades  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The feasibility of fabricating full-scale fan blades from superhybrid composites (SHC) for use large, commercial gas turbine engines was evaluated. The type of blade construction selected was a metal-spar/SHC-shell configuration, in which the outer shell was adhesively bonded to a short, internal, titanium spar. Various aspects of blade fabrication, inspection, and quality assurance procedures developed in the investigation are described. It is concluded that the SHC concept is feasible for the fabrication of prototype, full-scale, metal-spar/SHC-shell fan blades that have good structural properties and meet dimensional requirements.

Lark, R. F.; Chamis, C. C.

1983-01-01

404

Emerging concepts of quality assurance in clinical laboratories.  

PubMed

Quality Assurance is a management system designed to achieve an acceptable level of quality services, prevent poor quality and in laboratories is intended to ensure reliability of results. It comprehensively includes controlling the quality of procedures at each and every step including Pre-analytical (specimen collection and transport), Analytical (specimen processing in the lab) and Post-analytical (reporting and interpretation of results). Concept of total quality management (TQM) is closely interlinked with good laboratory practices and goes far beyond the widely practiced conventional Quality Control (QC) procedures. TQM includes Technical accuracy and precision, equipment and supplies, staff training and skill, financial management (cost effectiveness), lab safety, communication etc. Recent pressures on pathology laboratories have meant that laboratories no longer have the numbers of scientists and pathologists they had in the past. This has resulted in more questions being asked of the QA staff with a steady increase in the number of scientists employed to address this demand. Quality improvement in the modern clinical laboratory environment entails the continuous inspection and refinement of processes to ensure the efficient delivery of services that meet the needs and expectations of those who use them. PMID:17091755

Naz, Sumera; Saddar-ud-din, Agha

2006-09-01

405

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices For Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of rehab...

406

Quality Assurance and Quality Control Practices for Rehabilitation of Sewer and Water Mains  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)?s Aging Water Infrastructure Research Program, several areas of research are being pursued, including a review of quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) practices and acceptance testing during the installation of reha...

407

[Quality control and quality assurance for the isocentre of the medical linear accelerator].  

PubMed

This article expounds the method of quality control and quality assurance for the isocenter of the medical linear accelerator and explains the content and standards of its regular examinations, in order to ensure the safety and efficiency in use. PMID:17672369

Hu, Jie; Tao, Jian-min; Sun, Guang-rong

2007-05-01

408

COMMUNITY MULTISCALE AIR QUALITY ( CMAQ ) MODEL - QUALITY ASSURANCE AND VERSION CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

This presentation will be given to the EPA Exposure Modeling Workgroup on January 24, 2006. The quality assurance and version control procedures for the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) Model are presented. A brief background of CMAQ is given, then issues related to qual...

409

Quality in E-Learning: A Framework for Promoting and Assuring Quality in Virtual Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the growing demand for e-learning along with striving for excellence associated with globalization, there are worldwide calls for enhancing and assuring quality in e-learning, specifically in the context of the developing countries. Such calls for quality enhancement, accountability, added value, value for money, self-evaluation, and role…

Masoumi, D.; Lindstrom, B.

2012-01-01

410

Development and Testing of a Nuclear Quality Assurance/Quality Control Technician Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to field test selected first- and second-year courses in a postsecondary nuclear quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) technician curriculum and to develop the teaching/learning modules for seven technical specialty courses remaining in the QA/QC technician curriculum. The field testing phase of the project involved the…

Espy, John; And Others

411

Higher Education Quality in Kenya: A Critical Reflection of Key Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the unique challenges facing Kenya's public higher education institutions. It explores the struggle to develop quality and quality assurance mechanisms against a background of rapidly diminishing income, brain drain, political interference and the negative aspects of globalisation. The challenges have consequently led to a…

Odhiambo, George O.

2011-01-01

412

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...testing samples used to challenge a pH validity screening test must include...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or less than 4...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or greater...

2012-01-01

413

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...testing samples used to challenge a pH validity screening test must include...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or less than 4...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or greater...

2013-01-01

414

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...testing samples used to challenge a pH validity screening test must include...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or less than 4...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or greater...

2010-01-01

415

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...testing samples used to challenge a pH validity screening test must include...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or less than 4...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or greater...

2014-01-01

416

10 CFR 26.137 - Quality assurance and quality control.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...testing samples used to challenge a pH validity screening test must include...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or less than 4...samples formulated with different pH levels that are equal to or greater...

2011-01-01

417

QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL FOR RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES AND MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Require that each batch of samples analyzed be accompanied by appropriate quality control samples to evaluate accuracy and precision of the results. Require a documented data review and validation process by a minimum of three people before data is released to the client. Requi...

418

Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

2006-01-01

419

Management of quality-assurance controls: decision support systems  

SciTech Connect

Environmental research involved in the assessment of new coal conversion technologies must evaluate many biological, physical and chemical variables to determine environmental acceptability. Inherent in these studies is the use of quality assurance controls to evaluate data base entries, analytical procedures, and program productivity. However, quality assurance controls implemented at the project level are seldom known in detail and/or evaluated when making resource management decisions at the program level. This paper presents a computer based decision support system that assists in management level integration of complex environmental research. The DSS is modeled after an open-ended construct applied to data management systems developed for environmental research programs, i.e., minimal planning effort and a flexible system that can accommodate changing research emphasis. We have found that by interfacing the DSS with the research data base management system, more appropriate statistical measures can be formulated to provide management support for evaluating program progress, status reports of current findings, and comparisons of findings with standards.

Farrell, M.P.; Strand, R.H.

1981-01-01

420

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

SciTech Connect

This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage, and disposal of liquid and solid wastes generated at the Hanford Site as well as those wastes received from other US Department of Energy (DOE) and non-DOE sites. WMH operations include the Low-Level Burial Grounds, Central Waste Complex (a mixed-waste storage complex), a nonradioactive dangerous waste storage facility, the Transuranic Storage Facility, T Plant, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facility, 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, the 242-A Evaporator, 300 Area Treatment Effluent Disposal Facility, the 340 Facility (a radioactive liquid waste handling facility), 222-S Laboratory, the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford TRU Waste Program.

VOLKMAN, D.D.

1999-10-27

421

Comprehensive quality assurance for base of skull IMRT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Six base of skull IMRT treatment plans were delivered to Presage dosimeters within the RPC Head and Neck Phantom for quality assurance (QA) verification. Isotropic 2mm 3D data were acquired by optical-CT scanning with the DLOS system (Duke Large Optical-CT Scanner) and compared to the Eclipse (Varian) treatment plan. Normalized Dose Distribution (NDD) pass rates were obtained for a number of criteria. High quality 3D dosimetry data was observed from the DLOS system, illustrated here through colormaps, isodose lines, and profiles. Excellent agreement with the planned dose distributions was also observed with NDD analysis revealing > 90% pass rates (with criteria 3%, 2mm), and noise < 0.5%. The results comprehensively confirm the high accuracy of base-of-skull IMRT treatment in our clinic.

Thomas, A.; O'Daniel, J.; Adamovics, J.; Ibbott, G.; Oldham, M.

2013-06-01

422

QA (quality assurance) at Fermilab; the hermeneutics of NQA-1  

SciTech Connect

This paper opens with a brief overview of the purpose of Fermilab and a historical synopsis of the development and current status of quality assurance (QA) at the Laboratory. The paper subsequently addresses some of the more important aspects of interpreting the national standard ANSI/ASME NQA-1 in pure research environments like Fermilab. Highlights of this discussion include, what is hermeneutics and why are hermeneutical considerations relevant for QA, a critical analysis of NQA-1 focussing on teleological aspects of the standard, a description of the hermeneutical approach to NQA-1 used at Fermilab which attempts to capture the true intents of the document without violating the deeply ingrained traditions of quality standards and peer review that have been foundational to the overall success of the paradigms of high-energy physics.

Bodnarczuk, M.

1988-06-01

423

Quality Assurance Protocol for AFCI Advanced Structural Materials Testing  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this letter is to inform you of recent progress on the development of advanced structural materials in support of advanced fast reactors and AFCI. As you know, the alloy development effort has been initiated in recent months with the procurement of adequate quantities of the NF616 and HT-UPS alloys. As the test alloys become available in the coming days, mechanical testing, evaluation of optimizing treatments, and screening of environmental effects will be possible at a larger scale. It is therefore important to establish proper quality assurance protocols for this testing effort in a timely manner to ensure high technical quality throughout testing. A properly implemented quality assurance effort will also enable preliminary data taken in this effort to be qualified as NQA-1 during any subsequent licensing discussions for an advanced design or actual prototype. The objective of this report is to describe the quality assurance protocols that will be used for this effort. An essential first step in evaluating quality protocols is assessing the end use of the data. Currently, the advanced structural materials effort is part of a long-range, basic research and development effort and not, as yet, involved in licensing discussions for a specific reactor design. After consultation with Mark Vance (an ORNL QA expert) and based on the recently-issued AFCI QA requirements, the application of NQA-1 quality requirements will follow the guidance provided in Part IV, Subpart 4.2 of the NQA-1 standard (Guidance on Graded Application of QA for Nuclear-Related Research and Development). This guidance mandates the application of sound scientific methodology and a robust peer review process in all phases, allowing for the data to be qualified for use even if the programmatic mission changes to include licensing discussions of a specific design or prototype. ORNL has previously implemented a QA program dedicated to GNEP activities and based on an appropriately graded application of NQA-1 requirements at the site. The current program is being revised to incorporate changes imposed through the recently revised AFCI Technical Integration Office QA requirements. Testing conducted under the AFCI QA program for the advanced structural materials effort shall incorporate the following quality assurance expectations: (1) personnel are adequately trained to perform assigned work; (2) activities are controlled to ensure consistency of results; (3) records necessary to substantiate how the work was performed are maintained (dedicated laboratory notebooks will be used); (4) the pedigree and traceability of the various tested materials are maintained throughout the described processes using consistent sample numbering and adequate record keeping; (5) equipment with the potential to affect the quality of the planned work is calibrated and maintained in accordance with applicable operating requirements. In addition, all reporting or related dissemination by ORNL personnel of the results of the work described in this subcontract shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements described or referenced in the ORNL Standards Based Management System subject area entitled Scientific and Technical Information. Reporting or publications at other institutions will be conducted in accordance with the requirements of that institution. Successful implementation of these protocols will provide a sound basis for future decisions and research. In addition, these steps will also help ensure that results can also be applied to licensing discussions at a future date.

Busby, Jeremy T [ORNL

2009-05-01

424

42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

2011-10-01

425

42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

2012-10-01

426

42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

2013-10-01

427

42 CFR 423.153 - Drug utilization management, quality assurance, and medication therapy management programs (MTMPs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Drug utilization management, quality assurance...CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Cost Control and Quality Improvement Requirements § 423.153 Drug utilization management, quality...

2014-10-01

428

Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa  

SciTech Connect

Although the emergence of markets for high efficiency off-grid lighting technologies holds promise, realizing the potential of this opportunity on a long-term, sustainable basis requires careful attention to issues of product quality, consumer protection, and the potential for significant 'market spoiling', in anticipation of increases of sales of low cost, low performance off-grid lighting products. The goal of the Lighting Africa quality assurance workshop was to articulate strategies to mitigate the dangers of market spoiling and to explore ways to protect consumers from misleading advertising for sales of inferior, off-grid lighting products in the context of Lighting Africa's overarching objective to support the industry in developing a robust off-grid lighting market in Africa. The workshop resulted in the identification of two strategic approaches for meeting Lighting Africa quality assurance programmatic needs. The first strategy is intended to meet a short-term programmatic need for quality associated with requests for lighting products by bulk procurement agents, such as in a World Bank-financed project. The development of procurement specifications and test procedures that could be used in a quality/usability screening method in order to provide guidance for forthcoming large volume purchases emerged as the best solution to meet this need. Such approaches are used in World Bank-financed solar home systems (SHSs) projects in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and China, among others. However, unlike the SHSs which have multiple balance-of-system (BOS) components warranting the need for an array of specifications for individual components, stand alone lighting systems require specifications that are amenable to individual light points. To test this approach, Lighting Africa elected to use the technical specifications issued by the Photovoltaic Global Approval Program for solar lanterns that use CFL bulbs (PVRS11A) as the basis of qualifying such products. A contract has been competitively awarded to the Global Approval Program for Photovoltaics (PV GAP) under the Lighting Africa Program to select and test ten solar lantern product models. Lantern selection will be determined based on a number of criteria, among them, the ability to provide a daily duty cycle of at least 3 hours of light, the number of days of autonomy of battery, the volume of sales (especially in Africa), and whether or not the manufacturing facility is ISO 9000 certified. Those that are confirmed as meeting the specifications may be eligible to receive a PVGAP quality seal. The work is being carried out in partnership with the Photovoltaic and Wind Quality Test Center in Beijing, China and TUV Rhineland in Koeln, Germany. As off-grid LED-based stand-alone lighting products is in a nascent stage of development compared to CFL-based lanterns, Lighting Africa will support the development of a 'Quality Screening' approach to selecting LED lighting, in order not to delay consumers benefiting from such advances. The screening methodology could be used by procurement agencies to qualify LED lighting products for bulk or programmatic procurements. The main elements of this work comprises of developing a procurement specification and test procedure for undertaking a 'quick' quality/usability screening to be used for procuring LED lights and to test up to 30 LED-based lights to screen products that meet the requirement. The second strategy is intended to meet a longer-term need associated with creating a self-sustaining product quality assurance program that will effectively protect the African consumer, prevent significant market spoiling, adapt with expected technological advancements over the long-term--in other words, give consumers the ability to detect quality products and the information needed to find products that meet their specific needs from among the myriad of lighting products that become available commercially. Workshop discussions and the discussions evolving from the workshop led the Lighting Africa team to opt for an approach similar to that of th

World Bank; Mills, Evan; Mills, Evan

2008-07-13

429

The application of quality assurance to engineering management  

SciTech Connect

The need for quality in the products that our industries produce has long been recognized and accepted. In recent years it has also been recognized that the concern for quality must also be applied to the raw materials going into the products and to the processes used to produce them. Only very recently has it been recognized that the same concern for quality must be applied during the engineering processes that precede the manufacturing phase of the product cycle. For this idea to be understood and accepted by the engineering community, it will be necessary to apply these same concepts of quality to the engineering-management function. This paper describes a systems-analysis-based approach of quality assurance that provides a simple, straightforward process for determining which outputs from the various management tasks are significant. It also relates what can and should be tracked and evaluated and who is responsible. The process has four aspects: system description, planning, execution, and evaluation. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Kidd, G.J. Jr. (Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, TN (USA))

1989-04-01

430

Argonne National Laboratory Internal Appraisal Program environment, safety, health/quality assurance oversight  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory`s Internal Appraisal Program has developed a quality assurance team member training program. This program has been developed to provide training to non-quality assurance professionals. Upon successful completion of this training and approval of the Internal Appraisal Program Manager, these personnel are considered qualified to assist in the conduct of quality assurance assessments. The training program has been incorporated into a self-paced, computerized, training session.

Winner, G.L.; Siegfried, Y.S.; Forst, S.P.; Meshenberg, M.J.

1995-06-01

431

Assuring the Information Quality of Production Planning and Control in Tobacco Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research is to assure the management of Production Planning and Control (PPC) by assuring Information Quality (IQ) through Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems in tobacco industries. The contribution of this research is in applying the IQ concept to assure PPC which can ultimately minimize risks of current and potential customer loss. The research was conducted in

Yuangang Dai; Ying Su

2009-01-01

432

NATIONAL SURFACE WATER SURVEY, WESTERN LAKE SURVEY (PHASE 1 - SYNOPTIC CHEMISTRY) QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The quality assurance program for the Western Lake Survey - Phase I was designed to ensure that the data collected were of known and acceptable quality. The quality assurance program was based on similar activities conducted for the Eastern Lake Survey; -Phase I and included the ...

433

NATIONAL SURFACE WATER SURVEY: EASTERN LAKE SURVEY (PHASE 1 - SYNOPTIC CHEMISTRY). QUALITY ASSURANCE REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report provides an overview of the quality assurance activities and results of the Eastern Lake Survey - Phase I. The quality assurance program used a combination of blank, duplicate, and audit samples to provide an external check on the data quality of 32 physiochemical para...

434

Marketing aspects of quality assurance systems : The organic food sector case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the effect of quality assurance systems on business performance and subsequently, how a quality assurance system can be utilized as a determinant factor of a firm's marketing strategy, especially for the organic food sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on literature and the quality theory, the following subjects are examined: the types

Kontogeorgos Achilleas; Semos Anastasios

2008-01-01

435

Quality assurance, an administrative means to a managerial end: Part I. A historical overview.  

PubMed

Quality has become the hallmark of industrial excellence. Many diverse factors have heightened national concern about managing quality control throughout the health-care industry, including laboratory services. Industry-wide focus on quality control has created a need for an administrative program to evaluate its effectiveness. That program is medical quality assurance. Because of national and industry-wide concern, development of quality assurance theory has gained increasing importance in medical accreditation and management circles. Scrutiny of the application of quality assurance has become particularly prominent during accreditation inspections. Implementing quality assurance programs now demands more of already finite resources. The professional laboratory manager should understand how quality assurance has developed in the United States during the past 150 years. The well-informed manager should recognize why the health-care industry only recently began to develop its own expertise in quality assurance. It is also worthwhile to understand how heavily health care has relied on the lessons learned in the non-health-care sector. This three-part series will present information that will help in applying quality assurance more effectively as a management tool in the medical laboratory. This first part outlines the early industrial, socioeconomic, and medicolegal background of quality assurance. Terminology is defined with some distinction made between the terms management and administration. The second part will address current accreditation requirements. Special emphasis will be placed on the practical application of accreditation guidelines, providing a template for quality assurance methods in the medical laboratory. The third part will provide an overview of quality assurance as a total management tool with some suggestions for developing and implementing a quality assurance program. PMID:10106340

Clark, G B

1990-01-01

436

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Ballast Water Management Systems § 162.060-36 Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements....

2014-10-01

437

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Ballast Water Management Systems § 162.060-36 Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements....

2013-10-01

438

46 CFR 162.060-36 - Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SECURITY (CONTINUED) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Ballast Water Management Systems § 162.060-36 Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) requirements....

2012-10-01

439

A "Quality Revolution" Constrained? A Critical Reflection on Quality Assurance Methodology from the South African Higher Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts a brief meta-reflection on quality assurance policy and practice in South African higher education, with a focus on methodology. More specifically it seeks to answer the question "What are the effects of the Higher Education Quality Committee's (HEQC) quality assurance technologies on institutional practice and how could they…

Luckett, Kathy

2010-01-01

440

Quality Assurance in a National Breast Screening Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to provide quality assurance for the National Breast Screening Study currently underway in Canada, a mailed survey package was designed which allows for the monitoring of i) the exposure for the "average" craniocaudad view, ii) beam quality, iii) speed, contrast, and fog parameters of the film processing, and iv) the overall image quality. As well, measurements were made of depth-dose curves to a breast phantom for a number of techniques so that mean glandular dose to the breast could be estimated from entrance exposures. To measure the duration of the x-ray exposure, a device which uses a photodiode to detect scattered radiation from the breast was designed and has been used to check consistency of phototiming and x-ray output. At one centre, the average skin exposure for the craniocaudad view was 295 mR. The range was 150 - 800 mR, due to differences in tissue density and distribution, breast thickness and compression. The mean glandular dose was estimated to be 66 mrad. For the intercomparison of imaging at the centres, identical lucite phantoms have been constructed and distributed which require an exposure time similar to that of the "average" breast. An aluminum step wedge built up of 15 sheets of 0.4mm Al is used to obtain "sensitometric" curves for the mailed survey. Some of the factors responsible for the variation in patient dose and image quality in the study are discussed.

Yaffe, Martin J.; Mawdsley, Gordon E.; Nishikawa, Robert M.

1983-12-01

441

Nondestructive quality assurance of ceramic filters using noncontact dynamic characterization  

SciTech Connect

Ceramic candle filters are stiff cylindrical structures arranged in rosettes in a hot gas vessel. Custom-made with strong composite materials, these filters are designed to withstand heating and cooling cycles of very high temperature gradients during coal energy production processes. To ensure consistency in the manufactured filters, noncontact dynamic characterization using laser vibrometry is proposed as a factory quality control technique. To evaluate the proposed technique, a sensitivity study using both contact and noncontact vibration measurements is first conducted. The shift in natural vibration frequencies is used as a quality indicator for likely manufacturing variables. Six candle filters are tested using dynamic impact tests. Contact and noncontact results are compared with theoretical natural frequency values, which show that laser results were 'noisier' due to dropout from speckle noises. The results are used to establish the sensitivity of the technique, which indicates that dynamic characterization is a valid nondestructive testing technique for quality assurance of the ceramic filters, provided that the manufactured filters have a quality variation greater than 3.21%.

Yue, P.; Chen, S.E.; Nishihama, Y. [University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL (United States). Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering

2005-06-01

442

Quality Assurance in Higher Education in 20 MENA Economies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decades have witnessed an increased concern in higher education over accountability, quality and productivity, and a struggle to meet increasingly complex challenges. This is more so in Middle East and North African (MENA) economies that witnessed a large expansion as a result of a high social demand and massification policies adopted by…

El Hassan, K.

2013-01-01

443

Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program: The First Five Exercises  

PubMed Central

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a Dietary Supplement Laboratory Quality Assurance Program (DSQAP) in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Program participants measure concentrations of active and/or marker compounds as well as nutritional and toxic elements in food and dietary supplements distributed by NIST. Data are compiled at NIST, where they are analyzed for accuracy relative to reference values and concordance among the participants. Performance reports and certificates of completion are provided to participants, which can be used to demonstrate compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices as promulgated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The DSQAP has conducted five exercises to date, with total participation including more than 75 different laboratories and many more individual analysts. PMID:21797008

Phillips, Melissa M.; Rimmer, Catherine A.; Wood, Laura J.; Lippa, Katrice A.; Sharpless, Katherine E.; Duewer, David L.; Sander, Lane C.; Betz, Joseph M.

2011-01-01

444

Verification of Quality Assurance of Education through Syllabus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Merits to show syllabuses to students are as follows. Students can understand the flow of learning and receive class smoothly. Teachers also can give them learning guidance smoothly. Therefore it is indicated that the syllabus is the first step of quality assurance of education. The aims of this paper are to analyze the contents of whole Kumamoto university?s syllabuses in 2008 and to classify methods of assessment. Consequently, the progress of classwork was clearly described, but the concreteness of a goal and the methods of assessment were not clearly described in most of class. The contents of syllabus have been improved after JABEE accreditation which the department of Engineering is working on. Therefore JABEE examination worked the improvement of syllabuses. The methods of assessment are classified roughly under two groups. One group mainly sets a periodical examination, another group mainly gives exercises and assignments.

Kakimoto, Ryuji; Yamao, Toshitaka

445

Aspects of monitoring and quality assurance for radiolabeled antibodies  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an informational resource and guide for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and NRC licensees who produce or use radiolabeled antibodies (RABs). Components of quality assurance programs related to the production and use of RABs are reviewed and evaluated, and recommendations are made on dosage calibrations, exposure control, monitoring, and personnel requirements. Special emphasis is placed on dose calibrators because these instruments are used extensively to measure the dosage of radiopharmaceuticals to be administered to patients. The difficulties of using dose calibrators to quantify dosages of beta- and alpha-emitters are discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of using other instruments are examined, and recommendations are made on the types of instruments to be used for different applications. 46 refs., 8 tabs.

Barber, D.E. (Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (United States). School of Public Health)

1992-06-01

446

Quality assurance for the ALICE Monte Carlo procedure  

E-print Network

We implement the already existing macro,$ALICE_ROOT/STEER /CheckESD.C that is ran after reconstruction to compute the physics efficiency, as a task that will run on proof framework like CAF. The task was implemented in a C++ class called AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD and it inherits from AliAnalysisTaskSE base class. The function of AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD is to compute the ratio of the number of reconstructed particles to the number of particle generated by the Monte Carlo generator.The class AliAnalysisTaskCheckESD was successfully implemented. It was used during the production for first physics and permitted to discover several problems (missing track in the MUON arm reconstruction, low efficiency in the PHOS detector etc.). The code is committed to the SVN repository and will become standard tool for quality assurance.

M. Ajaz; Seforo Mohlalisi; Peter Hristov; Jean Pierre Revol

2009-04-10

447

Langley Wind Tunnel Data Quality Assurance-Check Standard Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for statistical evaluation, control and improvement of wind funnel measurement processes is presented The methodology is adapted from elements of the Measurement Assurance Plans developed by the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) for standards and calibration laboratories. The present methodology is based on the notions of statistical quality control (SQC) together with check standard testing and a small number of customer repeat-run sets. The results of check standard and customer repeat-run -sets are analyzed using the statistical control chart-methods of Walter A. Shewhart long familiar to the SQC community. Control chart results are presented for. various measurement processes in five facilities at Langley Research Center. The processes include test section calibration, force and moment measurements with a balance, and instrument calibration.

Hemsch, Michael J.; Grubb, John P.; Krieger, William B.; Cler, Daniel L.

2000-01-01

448

40 CFR Appendix B to Part 75 - Quality Assurance and Quality Control Procedures  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...sulfur content, gross calorific value, and density, as incorporated...rate testing, including the values of quality assurance parameters...3Hg Analysis Explain the chain of custody employed in packing...adjusted, but only toward the true values of the calibration...

2010-07-01

449

Forensic entomology: implementing quality assurance for expertise work.  

PubMed

The Department of Forensic Entomology (Institut de Recherche Criminelle de la Gendarmerie Nationale, France) was accredited by the French Committee of Accreditation (Cofrac's Healthcare section) in October 2007 on the basis of NF EN ISO/CEI 17025 standard. It was the first accreditation in this specific field of forensic sciences in France and in Europe. The present paper introduces the accreditation process in forensic entomology (FE) through the experience of the Department of Forensic Entomology. Based upon the identification of necrophagous insects and the study of their biology, FE must, as any other expertise work in forensic sciences, demonstrate integrity and good working practice to satisfy both the courts and the scientific community. FE does not, strictly speaking, follow an analytical method. This could explain why, to make up for a lack of appropriate quality reference, a specific documentation was drafted and written by the staff of the Department of Forensic Entomology in order to define working methods complying with quality standards (testing methods). A quality assurance system is laborious to set up and maintain and can be perceived as complex, time-consuming and never-ending. However, a survey performed in 2011 revealed that the accreditation process in the frame of expertise work has led to new well-defined working habits, based on an effort at transparency. It also requires constant questioning and a proactive approach, both profitable for customers (magistrates, investigators) and analysts (forensic entomologists). PMID:23842668

Gaudry, Emmanuel; Dourel, Laurent

2013-09-01

450

National protocol for quality assurance in DXA-bone densitometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Osteoporosis becomes largely one of the most important socially significant and costly diseases. Modern techniques (DXA, US) are applied for bone densitometry. The paper presents a protocol for quality assurance especially of DXA-bone densitometers including quality control made in compliance with international standards (ISCD, IOF). The methodology has been tested in practice by measurements on site-functional assessment, entrance dose, radiation protection, calibration, in-vitro precision. It is expected to raise the quality of the diagnostic process in concert with the EU Medical Directive 97/43 particularly for population screening and sensitive groups. The protocol is an essential part of the National Program for constraining osteoporosis which has been elaborated at the Ministry of Health and at present under implementation throughout the country. It aims at reducing the risk, factors spreading, at diminishing the fracture risk the morbidity and the mortality from osteoporosis. An integral multidisciplinary approach to the problem solving is applied as well as training on three levels — doctors, patients, population, which effectively will contribute for obtaining real results in preventing osteoporosis.

Slavchev, A.; Avramova-Cholakova, S.; Vassileva, J.

2008-01-01

451

Project specific quality assurance plan, W-151, Tank 241-AZ-101 waste retrieval system. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

This project specific quality assurance program plan establishes the responsibility for the implementation of QA requirements, defines and documents the QA requirements associated with design, procurement, and construction, and defines and documents the degree of QA reviews and verifications on the design and construction necessary to assure compliance to project and DOE requirements. Revision 2 updates the QAPP to provide concurrence with approved work scope deletion. In addition, the Quality Assurance Program Index is being updated to reflect the current Quality Assurance Program requirements per DOE Order 5700.6C.

Manthei, M.E.

1994-11-21

452

Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) provides the overall quality assurance (QA) program requirements and general quality practices to be applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office (NNSA/NSO) Underground Test Area (UGTA) Sub-Project (hereafter the Sub-Project) activities. The requirements in this QAPP are consistent with DOE Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance (DOE, 2005); U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance for Quality Assurance Project Plans for Modeling (EPA, 2002); and EPA Guidance on the Development, Evaluation, and Application of Environmental Models (EPA, 2009). The QAPP Revision 0 supersedes DOE--341, Underground Test Area Quality Assurance Project Plan, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 4.

Irene Farnham

2011-05-01

453

[Quality assurance and quality improvement in medical practice. Part 1. Definition and importance of quality in medical practice].  

PubMed

In Hungary, financing of healthcare has decreased relative to the GDP, while the health status of the population is still ranks among the worst in the European Union. Since healthcare financing is not expected to increase, the number of practicing doctors per capita is continuously decreasing. In the coming years, it is an important question that in this situation what methods can be used to prevent further deterioration of the health status of the Hungarian population, and within this is the role of the quality approach, and different methods of quality management. In the present and the forthcoming two articles those standpoints will be summarized which support the need for the integration of quality assurance in the everyday medical practice. In the first part the importance of quality thinking, quality management, quality assurance, necessity of quality measurement and improvement, furthermore, advantages of the quality systems will be discussed. PMID:22236414

Godény, Sándor

2012-01-22

454

Quality assurance in road traffic analyses in Switzerland.  

PubMed

Swiss laboratories performing toxicological road traffic analyses have been authorized for many years by the Swiss Federal Roads Office (FEDRO). In 2003 FEDRO signed a contract with the Swiss Society of Legal Medicine (SSLM) to organize the complete quality management concerning road traffic analyses. For this purpose a multidisciplinary working group was established under the name of "road traffic commission (RTC)". RTC has to organize external quality control, to interpret the results of these controls, to perform audits in the laboratories and to report all results to FEDRO. Furthermore the working group can be mandated for special tasks by FEDRO. As an independent organization the Swiss Center for Quality Control (CSCQ) in Geneva manages the external quality controls in the laboratory over the past years. All tested drugs and psychoactive substances are listed in a federal instruction. The so-called 'zero tolerance substances' (THC, morphine, cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA and MDEA) and their metabolites have to be tested once a year, all other substances (benzodiazepines, zolpidem, phenobarbital, etc.) periodically. Results over the last years show that all laboratories are generally within the confidence interval of +/-30% of the mean value. In cases of non-conformities measures have to be taken immediately and reported to the working group. External audits are performed triennially but accredited laboratories can combine this audit with the approval of the Swiss Accreditation Service (SAS). During the audits a special checklist filled in by the laboratory director is assessed. Non-conformities have to be corrected. During the process of establishing a new legislation, RTC had an opportunity of advising FEDRO. In collaboration with FEDRO, RTC and hence SSLM can work actively on improving of quality assurance in road traffic toxicological analyses, and has an opportunity to bring its professional requests to the federal authorities. PMID:20083364

Briellmann, Thomas A; Sigrist, Thomas; Augsburger, Marc; Favrat, Bernard; Oestreich, Andrea; Deom, André

2010-05-20

455

Challenges in quality of environmental measurements for compliance  

SciTech Connect

Quality systems development in environmental measurements for compliance with regulatory requirements for nuclear and other contaminants in the environment is one of the major challenges in current technology disciplines. Efforts to fulfill the mission and objectives of funded projects will not be successful on a timely and cost-effective schedule without adequate plans and credible action for the protection of workers, facilities, and the public in environment, safety, and health aspects. This can be accomplished through quality assurance planning and implementation of an effective, controlled environmental measurements program.

White, M.G.

1994-04-07

456

Knowledge, Power and Meanings Shaping Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Systemic Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationally, quality assurance schemes persist despite long-standing dissatisfaction and critique of their impact and outcomes. Adopting a critical systems perspective, the article explores the relationships between the knowledge, power and meanings that stakeholder groups bring to the design and implementation of quality assurance systems.…

Houston, Don; Paewai, Shelley

2013-01-01

457

Sasquatch Semantical Approach of Assuring high Data Quality by Applying Data Mining Techniques  

E-print Network

Sasquatch ­ Semantical Approach of Assuring high Data Quality by Applying Data Mining Techniques.gruening@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de, fabian.gruening@offis.de Abstract Sasquatch is a holistic approach of assuring high data quality transformation, data cleaning, duplicate elimination, and data enrichment. Sasquatch addresses all

Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

458

The Symbolic Role of Academic Boards in University Academic Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much research on quality assurance in higher education has centred on issues related to the impact on teaching and learning and academic staff, there is a significant gap in the area of quality assurance and academic governance. Within Australia the roles of university academic boards (also known as academic senates or faculty senates) have…

Rowlands, Julie

2013-01-01

459

Institutionalisation of Internal Quality Assurance: Focusing on Institutional Work and the Significance of Disciplinary Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study suggests that institutionalisation of a comprehensive and systematic approach to internal quality assurance of higher education institutions inspired by the Bologna Process has regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions. It includes development of structures and procedures for quality assurance, as well as boosting of the…

Vukasovic, Martina

2014-01-01

460

Quality Assurance and Qualifications Frameworks: Exchanging Good Practice. ENQA Workshop Report 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of qualifications frameworks and their relation to quality assurance is gaining urgency in the European scene as more and more countries are completing their national qualifications frameworks and quality assurance agencies need to take important decisions on how to implement them. Some of the key features of the qualifications…

Blomqvist, Carita; Donohoe, Tony; Kelo, Maria; Linde, Karin Jarplid; Llavori, Rafael; Maguire, Bryan; Metz, David; Sanchez, Teresa

2012-01-01

461

A Conceptualisation of Available Trust-Building Mechanisms for International Quality Assurance of Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While external quality assurance in higher education was originally developed to cater for various domestic needs, recent decades have seen various attempts in the use of quality assurance also as a mechanism for creating more trust in cross-national higher education activities. In this article, a conceptual framework for analysing available…

Stensaker, Bjørn; Maassen, Peter

2015-01-01

462

First External Evaluations of Quality Assurance Agencies--Lessons Learned. ENQA Workshop Report 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is a product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) seminar on the first external evaluations of quality assurance agencies, held in Paris in July 2008. The seminar took stock of the achieved reviews of agencies to learn lessons from these first outcomes and, hence, provided a platform for…

Costes, Nathalie; Curvale, Bruno; Kraft, Michael G.; Llavori, Rafael; Malan, Thierry; Szanto, Tibor

2010-01-01

463

Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Which Pasts to Build On, What Futures to Contemplate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is a reflection on the pasts and futures of quality assurance in higher education. It poses questions about the correlation between the geographical and political spread of quality assurance on the one hand and the resulting educational benefits on the other; about the divergences between critics and practitioners on the likely impacts…

Singh, Mala

2010-01-01

464

Quality Assurance Processes in Finnish Universities: Direct and Indirect Outcomes and Organisational Conditions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Finland, quality assurance related to the Bologna process has been adapted to existing systems of higher education at the national level and a form of implementation is also recognised at the level of the higher education institution. In universities, varied outcomes of quality assurance are based on interaction of organisational structures,…

Haapakorpi, Arja

2011-01-01

465

Quality Assurance in Higher Education. Proceedings of an International Conference (Hong Kong, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference proceedings presents 17 papers which examine quality assurance and evaluation in higher education, including methodologies, procedures, and ideas from various nations. The papers include: (1) "Quality Assurance in Higher Education" (Malcolm Frazer); (2) "Academic Standards Panels in Australia" (Kwong Lee Dow); (3) "The French…

Craft, Alma

466

Overseeing One-Stops: A WIB Member's Guide to Quality Assurance. Workforce Board Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to give workforce investment boards (WIBs) a practical framework for overseeing the performance of one-stop career centers. The introduction presents background information on a proposed quality assurance framework and the guide's format and development. The first two sections explain the importance of quality assurance to…

2000

467

Twenty Years of Quality Assurance in Higher Education: What's Happened and What's Different?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty years ago, the federal government in the US first required institutional accrediting organisations, America's principal mechanism for quality assurance in higher education, to review institutional practices with respect to the assessment of student learning outcomes. Much that affects quality assurance has changed in the ensuing two decades…

Ewell, Peter

2010-01-01

468

Creating Quality Assurance in Curriculum: Theory and Practice at a Canadian Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality Assurance in Curriculum is a customized solution to the problems of assuring curricular quality in a dynamic community college environment. It was designed by Red River College, a large, comprehensive community college in Western Canada, to address academic cross-jurisdictional issues in establishing and verifying curriculum. It is a…

MacAskill, Pamela; Goho, James; Richard, Robert; Anderson, Kirsten; Stuhldreier, Michael

2008-01-01

469

Success and failure of nuclear power plant Quality Assurance when applied to research and development activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality Assurance in some form or fashion has been practiced at research and development laboratories and facilities for quite some time. This quality assurance effort has largely been that of the scientist taking good notes as the experiment or observation is conducted to provide adequate documentation of the research and development effort. With the advent of the national laboratories participating

R. D. Michels; W. A. Stark; C. F. Eberhart

1986-01-01

470

Quality Assurance in Engineering Education: Comparison of Accreditation Schemes and ISO 9001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines quality assurance schemes for distance-education technologies that are based on the ISO 9000 family of international quality-assurance standards. Argues that engineering faculties can establish such systems on the basis of and integrated with accreditation schemes. Contains 34 references. (DDR)

Karapetrovic, Stanislav; Rajamani, Divakar; Willborn, Walter

1998-01-01

471

48 CFR 53.301-1406 - Preaward Survey of Prospective Contractor-Quality Assurance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Preaward Survey of Prospective Contractor-Quality Assurance. 53.301-1406 Section...Illustrations of Forms 53.301-1406 Preaward Survey of Prospective Contractor—Quality Assurance. ER09DE97.000...

2010-10-01

472

A Study of Quality Assurance Practices in the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the quality assurance practices amongst three (3) groups of staff in the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, i.e. lecturers, resident tutors and support staff. 9 dimensions of the Quality Assurance Practices i.e. Staff Development, Planning, Work Process, Team Work, Prioritise Customers, Performance…

Sim, Helen Khoo Chooi; Idrus, Rozhan M.

2004-01-01

473

Creating an Impetus for Institutional Analysis in South America: Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional research (IR) in Latin America is experiencing dramatic growth due, in no small measure, to the need for quality assurance in educational institutions developing trained workforces for emerging economies. Quality can be assured only where it can be measured, and that is at the core of institutional research in countries to the south…

Middaugh, Michael; Silva, Moises; Ramirez, Soledad; Reich, Ricardo

2008-01-01

474

A Way Forward: Emerging Perspectives on a National Quality Assurance System for South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The final paper in this theme issue summarizes concerns related to establishing a national quality assurance system for institutions of higher education in South Africa. Proposes a three-phase approach to establishing a national quality assurance system to include: (1) evaluation of existing institutional self-evaluation systems; (2) establishment…

Kotecha, P.; Luckett, K.

2000-01-01

475

QUALITY ASSURANCE HANDBOOK FOR AIR POLLUTION MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS. VOLUME III. STATIONARY SOURCE SPECIFIC METHODS  

EPA Science Inventory

This Handbook includes quality assurance guidelines on stationary source emission measurements. Regardless of the scope and magnitude of the stationary source emission measurement program, there are a number of common considerations pertinent to the production of quality data. Th...

476

Gulf of Mexico dissolved oxygen model (GoMDOM) research and quality assurance project plan  

EPA Science Inventory

An integrated high resolution mathematical modeling framework is being developed that will link hydrodynamic, atmospheric, and water quality models for the northern Gulf of Mexico. This Research and Quality Assurance Project Plan primarily focuses on the deterministic Gulf of Me...

477

Do Too Many Rights Make a Wrong? A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of a Sample of Malaysian and Singapore Private Higher Education Providers in Transnational Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuring the quality of transnational education has been an endeavour of increasing importance in the internationalisation of higher education but is also increasingly challenging given the involvement of many stakeholders. This paper focuses on the experiences of and challenges faced by private tertiary education providers in Malaysia and…

Lim, Fion Choon Boey

2010-01-01

478

The Quality Assurance Manual and EPA`s acid rain data quality  

SciTech Connect

November 15, 1990 saw the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Within this law was the requirements for all electric utility units greater than 25 megawatts of generated electrical capacity to monitor SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2}, opacity, and volumetric flow of the stack gases. This paper summarizes the Acid Rain Program`s approach to Continuous Emissions Monitoring Systems (CEMS) Quality Control and Quality Assurance requirements and their use in the market based pollution control program of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. This paper attempts to present the perspective of the authors as to what is important for excellent monitoring system availability and ensuring accurate data acquisition. Emphasis is placed upon the Quality Assurance Manual required by the Acid Rain Regulations for affected unit`s to maintain and follow.

Bloomer, B.J. [EPA, Washington, DC (United States). Acid Rain Div.; Winkler, J.P. [EPA, Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-12-31

479

(abstract) Mission Operations and Control Assurance: Flight Operations Quality Improvements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA), a recent addition to flight operations teams at JPL. provides a system level function to instill quality in mission operations. MO&CA's primary goal at JPL is to help improve the operational reliability for projects during flight. MO&CA tasks include early detection and correction of process design and procedural deficiencies within projects. Early detection and correction are essential during development of operational procedures and training of operational teams. MO&CA's effort focuses directly on reducing the probability of radiating incorrect commands to a spacecraft. Over the last seven years at JPL, MO&CA has become a valuable asset to JPL flight projects. JPL flight projects have benefited significantly from MO&CA's efforts to contain risk and prevent rather than rework errors. MO&CA's ability to provide direct transfer of knowledge allows new projects to benefit directly from previous and ongoing experience. Since MO&CA, like Total Quality Management (TQM), focuses on continuous improvement of processes and elimination of rework, we recommend that this effort be continued on NASA flight projects.

Welz, Linda L.; Bruno, Kristin J.; Kazz, Sheri L.; Witkowski, Mona M.

1993-01-01

480

A conceptual study of automatic and semi-automatic quality assurance techniques for round image processing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report summarizes the results of a study conducted by Engineering and Economics Research (EER), Inc. under NASA Contract Number NAS5-27513. The study involved the development of preliminary concepts for automatic and semiautomatic quality assurance (QA) techniques for ground image processing. A distinction is made between quality assessment and the more comprehensive quality assurance which includes decision making and system feedback control in response to quality assessment.

1983-01-01

481

A Systems Engineering Approach to Quality Assurance for Aerospace Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On the surface, it appears that AS9100 has little to say about how to apply a Quality Management System (QMS) to major aerospace test programs (or even smaller ones). It also appears that there is little in the quality engineering Body of Knowledge (BOK) that applies to testing, unless it is nondestructive examination (NDE), or some type of lab or bench testing associated with the manufacturing process. However, if one examines: a) how the systems engineering (SE) processes are implemented throughout a test program; and b) how these SE processes can be mapped to the requirements of AS9100, a number of areas for involvement of the quality professional are revealed. What often happens is that quality assurance during a test program is limited to inspections of the test article; what could be considered a manufacturing al fresco approach. This limits the quality professional and is a disservice to the programs and projects, since there are a number of ways that quality can enhance critical processes, and support efforts to improve risk reduction, efficiency and effectiveness. The Systems Engineering (SE) discipline is widely used in aerospace to ensure the progress from Stakeholder Expectations (the President, Congress, the taxpayers) to a successful, delivered product or service. Although this is well known, what is not well known is that these same SE processes are implemented in varying complexity, to prepare for and implement test projects that support research, development, verification and validation, qualification, and acceptance test projects. Although the test organization's terminology may vary from the SE terminology, and from one test service provider to another, the basic process is followed by successful, reliable testing organizations. For this analysis, NASA Procedural Requirements (NPR) 7123.1, NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements is used to illustrate the SE processes that are used for major aerospace testing. Many of these processes are also implemented for smaller test projects, and this set of processes will also look familiar to those who have participated in launch site activation and flight demonstrations.

Shepherd, Christena C.

2014-01-01

482

Objective performance testing and quality assurance of medical ultrasound equipment.  

PubMed

There is an urgent need for a measurement protocol and software analysis for objective testing of the imaging performance of medical ultrasound equipment from a user's point of view. Methods for testing of imaging performance were developed. Simple test objects were used, which have a long life expectancy. First, the elevational focus (slice thickness) of the transducer was estimated and the in-plane transmit focus was positioned at the same depth. Next, the postprocessing look-up-table (LUT) was measured and linearized. The tests performed were echo level dynamic range (dB), contrast resolution (i.e., gamma of display, number of gray levels/dB) and sensitivity, overall system sensitivity, lateral sensitivity profile, dead zone, spatial resolution and geometric conformity of display. The concept of a computational observer was used to define the lesion signal-to-noise ratio, SNR(L) (or Mahalanobis distance), as a measure for contrast sensitivity. All the measurements were made using digitized images and quantified by objective means, i.e., by image analysis. The whole performance measurement protocol, as well as the quantitative measurements, have been implemented in software. An extensive data-base browser was implemented from which analysis of the images can be started and reports generated. These reports contain all the information about the measurements, such as graphs, images and numbers. The approach of calibrating the gamma by using a linearized LUT was validated by processing simultaneously acquired rf data. The contrast resolution and echo level of the rf data had to be compressed by a factor of two and amplified by a gain factor corresponding to 12 dB. This resulted in contrast curves that were practically identical to those obtained from DICOM image data. The effects of changing the transducer center frequency on the spatial resolution and contrast sensitivity were estimated to illustrate the practical usefulness of the developed approach of quality assurance by measuring objective performance characteristics. The developed methods might be considered as a minimum set of objective quality assurance measures. This set might be used to predict clinical performance of medical ultrasound equipment, taking into account the performance at a unique point in space i.e., the coinciding depths of the elevation and in-plane (azimuth) foci. Furthermore, it should be investigated whether the approach might be used to compare objectively various brands of equipment and to evaluate the performance specifications given by the manufacturer. Last but not least, the developed approach can be used to monitor, in a hospital environment, the medical ultrasound equipment during its life cycle. The software package may be viewed and downloaded at the website http://www.qa4us.eu. PMID:17275983

Thijssen, Johan M; Weijers, Gert; de Korte, Chris L

2007-03-01

483

Quality Assurance Issues for Therapeutic Application of Radioactive Microspheres  

SciTech Connect

The use of radioactive microspheres for the treatment of hepatic cancer is a procedure that raises unique quality assurance (QA) concerns. The greatest of these concerns is the coordination of the responsibilities among the medical team members from interventional radiology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, and medical physics. A single QA practice and procedure guidance document does not currently exist that addresses the range of issues of concern for radioactive microspheres. A small sampling of QA issues of concern include imaging QA, procedure-specific imaging protocols, detector calibration, activity measurement, radiation safety, patient dose calculations, and patient-specific QA. Some of the items listed have historically been the responsibility of a single team member, and other items have been concerns for all. A procedural overview of the therapeutic application of radioactive microspheres is presented to illustrate the broad, team-based QA approach necessary to safely and effectively deliver this type of treatment. From this overview, the reader will be able to customize the local QA protocol to meet the local division of responsibilities.

Dezarn, William A. [Wake Radiology Oncology, Cary, NC (United States)], E-mail: adezarn@wakeradiology.com

2008-05-01

484

Using an EPID for patient-specific VMAT quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: A patient-specific quality assurance (QA) method was developed to verify gantry-specific individual multileaf collimator (MLC) apertures (control points) in volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID). Methods: VMAT treatment plans were generated in an Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS). DICOM images from a Varian EPID (aS1000) acquired in continuous acquisition mode were used for pretreatment QA. Each cine image file contains the grayscale image of the MLC aperture related to its specific control point and the corresponding gantry angle information. The TPS MLC file of this RapidArc plan contains the leaf positions for all 177 control points (gantry angles). In-house software was developed that interpolates the measured images based on the gantry angle and overlays them with the MLC pattern for all control points. The 38% isointensity line was used to define the edge of the MLC leaves on the portal images. The software generates graphs and tables that provide analysis for the number of mismatched leaf positions for a chosen distance to agreement at each control point and the frequency in which each particular leaf mismatches for the entire arc. Results: Seven patients plans were analyzed using this method. The leaves with the highest mismatched rate were found to be treatment plan dependent. Conclusions: This in-house software can be used to automatically verify the MLC leaf positions for all control points of VMAT plans using cine images acquired by an EPID.

Bakhtiari, M.; Kumaraswamy, L.; Bailey, D. W.; Boer, S. de; Malhotra, H. K.; Podgorsak, M. B. [Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Department of Radiation Medicine, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263 and Department of Physiology and Biophysics, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14214 (United States)

2011-03-15

485

NARAC SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE: ADAPTING FORMALISM TO MEET VARYING NEEDS  

SciTech Connect

The National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC) provides tools and services that predict and map the spread of hazardous material accidentally or intentionally released into the atmosphere. NARAC is a full function system that can meet a wide range of needs with a particular focus on emergency response. The NARAC system relies on computer software in the form of models of the atmosphere and related physical processes supported by a framework for data acquisition and management, user interface, visualization, communications and security. All aspects of the program's operations and research efforts are predicated to varying degrees on the reliable and correct performance of this software. Consequently, software quality assurance (SQA) is an essential component of the NARAC program. The NARAC models and system span different levels of sophistication, fidelity and complexity. These different levels require related but different approaches to SQA. To illustrate this, two different levels of software complexity are considered in this paper. As a relatively simple example, the SQA procedures that are being used for HotSpot, a straight-line Gaussian model focused on radiological releases, are described. At the other extreme, the SQA issues that must be considered and balanced for the more complex NARAC system are reviewed.

Walker, H; Nasstrom, J S; Homann, S G

2007-11-20

486

Waste management R&D Quality Assurance: An alternative approach  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the development and initial implementation of a Quality Assurance (QA) Program for technical activities associated with assessing compliance of an existing DOE nuclear waste site with applicable environmental regulations. The requirements for establishing the QA program are defined, along with the approach and emphasis used to develop the program. The structure of the program and the various levels of QA plans and procedures are briefly discussed. Initial implementation efforts are summarized. The QA program was developed by and for the project participants and was structured according to the major technical requirements of the project. The QA plans and procedures are written for the convenience and use of the technical staff and not merely to satisfy auditor expectations. Every effort was made to avoid an 18-point approach typical of many QA programs patterned after the dictates of the industry recognized ``national consensus standards.`` Flexibility is emphasized due to the nature of the research and development activities associated with the technical program. Recommendations are provided for using this alternative approach to QA program development for similar technical efforts elsewhere. 10 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Brosseau, D.A. [ERCE, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA); Harlan, C.P.; Cochrell, R.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)

1991-02-01

487

The effect of job performance aids on quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Job performance aids (JPAs) have been studied for many decades in a variety of disciplines and for many different types of tasks, yet this is the first known research experiment using JPAs in a quality assurance (QA) context. The objective of this thesis was to assess whether a JPA has an effect on the performance of a QA observer performing the concurrent dual verification technique for a basic assembly task. The JPA used in this study was a simple checklist, and the design borrows heavily from prior research on task analysis and other human factors principles. The assembly task and QA construct of concurrent dual verification are consistent with those of a high consequence manufacturing environment. Results showed that the JPA had only a limited effect on QA performance in the context of this experiment. However, there were three important and unexpected findings that may draw interest from a variety of practitioners. First, a novel testing methodology sensitive enough to measure the effects of a JPA on performance was created. Second, the discovery that there are different probabilities of detection for different types of error in a QA context may be the most far-reaching results. Third, these results highlight the limitations of concurrent dual verification as a control against defects. It is hoped that both the methodology and results of this study are an effective baseline from which to launch future research activities.

Fosshage, Erik

2014-06-01

488

[Open pneumoperitoneum for the sake of Quality Assurance].  

PubMed

The establishment of a pneumoperitoneum for coelioscopy is a maneuver which may have lethal consequences. The open or Hasson technique involves dissection of the abdominal wall layers and insertion of a blunt trocar under direct vision. The conclusions of a recent study comparing "open" and "blind" trocar insertion recommends that the "open" technique be routinely used as a measure of Quality Assurance. A programmed, standardized approach is the only way to prevent undesired complications. Surgeons often plead that the uniqueness of each patient argues against a rigidly standardized technique. But isn't this argument of patient variability just an alibi to avoid adherence to explicit and proven standards? When it comes to guaranteeing patient safety, shouldn't the demonstration that a technique diminishes risk be considered an adequate level of proof if there is no demonstrated benefit to the more dangerous approach? In laparoscopy, where are the proven benefits which would mitigate the undeniable increased risks of "blind" trocar insertion? Initial trocar insertion for laparoscopy by the "open" technique should be standard practice for reasons of safety. The calculus is simple. Given the innumerable laparoscopic surgeries performed every day, there are patients who die daily as a result of "blind" trocar insertion. PMID:16555438

Millat, B

2005-01-01

489

Chest radiographic data acquisition and quality assurance in multicenter studies  

PubMed Central

Background Multicenter studies rely on data derived from different institutions. Forms can be designed to standardize the reporting process allowing reliable comparison of data. Objective The purpose of the report is to provide a standardized method, developed as a part of a multicenter study of vertically transmitted HIV, for assessing chest radiographic results. Materials and methods Eight hundred and five infants and children were studied at five centers; 3057 chest radiographs were scored. Data were entered using a forced-choice, graded response for 12 findings. Quality assurance measures and inter- rater agreement statistics are reported. Results The form used for reporting chest radiographic results is presented. Inter-rater agreement was moderate to high for most findings, with the best correlation reported for the presence of bronchovascular markings and/or reticular densities addressed as a composite question (kappa = 0.71). The presence of nodular densities (kappa = 0.56) and parenchymal consolidation (kappa = 0.57) had moderate agreement. Agreement for lung volume was low. Conclusion The current tool, developed for use in the pediatric population, is applicable to any study involving the assessment of pediatric chest radiographs for a large population, whether at one or many centers. PMID:9361051

Schluchter, Mark; Wood, Beverly P.; Berdon, Walter E.; Boechat, M. Ines; Easley, Kirk A.; Meziane, Moulay; Mellins, Robert B.; Norton, Karen I.; Singleton, Edward; Trautwein, Lynn

2015-01-01

490

Commissioning experience and quality assurance of helical tomotherapy machines  

PubMed Central

A helical tomotherapy machine combines a straight 6 MV linear accelerator mounted on a ring gantry with CT technology for image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment. A fan beam created by the collimator and jaws produces a maximum of 40 × 5 cm2 field size at the isocenter. The gantry and hence the fan beam rotates at a constant speed while the couch moves linearly into the gantry bore, thus producing a helical delivery. The beam is modulated by a 64-leaf binary multileaf collimator (MLC), which enables IMRT treatment. The linac can be operated at a lower voltage (3.5 MV) and dose rate to produce megavoltage CT images, which are used for image-guided patient setup. We have installed two such units since 2004 and treated more than 2000 patients. The machine comes “precommissioned” from the manufacturer, and the beam characteristics and IMRT plans on phantom are measured and compared with manufacturer's data after acceptance tests are performed on site. Our experience with commissioning the machines and periodic quality assurance with tolerance limits for optimal performance are described. PMID:20098548

Sen, Amarjit; West, Matthew K.

2009-01-01

491

Strategies for quality assurance of intensity modulated radiation therapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late 2011 The Swedish Society of Radiation Physics formed a working group to concentrate on the Quality Assurance of modern radiation therapy techniques. The given task was to identify and summarise the different QA strategies in Sweden and also the international recommendations. This was used to formulate recommendations for practical guidelines within Sweden. In this paper a brief summery of the group's work is presented. All the Swedish radiation therapy centres do a pre treatment verification measurement as QA for every new IMRT and VMAT plan. Physicists do it and they believe it to be time consuming. A general standpoint from all the centres was that new guidelines and legislation is needed to allow QA that does not require a measurement. Based on various international publications and recommendations the working group has presented two strategies, one where all new plans are checked through measurement and one where no measurement is needed. The measurement- based strategy is basically the same as the one used today with an extended machine QA part. The other presented strategy is process oriented where all the different parts of the treatment chain are checked separately. The final report can be found in Swedish on http://www.radiofysik.org.

Benedek, Hunor; Isacsson, Ulf; Olevik-Dunder, Maria; Westermark, Mathias; Hållström, Per; Olofsson, Jörgen; Gustafsson, Magnus

2015-01-01

492

SQA(TM): Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar Program  

SciTech Connect

OG Technologies, Inc. (OGT) has led this SQA (Surface Quality Assured Steel Bar) program to solve the major surface quality problems plaguing the US special quality steel bars and rods industry and their customers, based on crosscutting sensors and controls technologies. Surface defects in steel formed in a hot rolling process are one of the most common quality issues faced by the American steel industry, accounting for roughly 50% of the rejects or 2.5% of the total shipment. Unlike other problems such as the mechanical properties of the steel product, most surface defects are sporadic and cannot be addressed based on sampling techniques. This issue hurts the rolling industry and their customers in their process efficiency and operational costs. The goal of this program is to develop and demonstrate an SQA prototype, with synergy of HotEye® and other innovations, that enables effective rolling process control and efficient quality control. HotEye®, OGT’s invention, delivers high definition images of workpieces at or exceeding 1,450?C while the workpieces travel at 100 m/s. The elimination of surface defect rejects will be achieved through the integration of imaging-based quality assessment, advanced signal processing, predictive process controls and the integration with other quality control tools. The SQA program team, composed of entities capable of and experienced in (1) research, (2) technology manufacturing, (3) technology sales and marketing, and (4) technology end users, is very strong. There were 5 core participants: OGT, Georgia Institute of Technology (GIT), University of Wisconsin (UW), Charter Steel (Charter) and ArcelorMittal Indiana Harbor (Inland). OGT served as the project coordinator. OGT participated in both research and commercialization. GIT and UW provided significant technical inputs to this SQA project. The steel mills provided access to their rolling lines for data collection, design of experiments, host of technology test and verification, and first-hand knowledge of the most advanced rolling line operation in the US. This project lasted 5 years with 5 major tasks. The team successfully worked through the tasks with deliverables in detection, data analysis and process control. Technologies developed in this project were commercialized as soon as they were ready. For instance, the advanced surface defect detection algorithms were integrated into OGT’s HotEye® RSB systems late 2005, resulting in a more matured product serving the steel industry. In addition to the commercialization results, the SQA team delivered 7 papers and 1 patent. OGT was also recognized by two prestigious awards, including the R&D100 Award in 2006. To date, this SQA project has started to make an impact in the special bar quality industry. The resulted product, HotEye® RSB systems have been accepted by quality steel mills worldwide. Over 16 installations were completed, including 1 in Argentina, 2 in Canada, 2 in China, 2 in Germany, 2 in Japan, and 7 in the U.S. Documented savings in reduced internal rejects, improved customer satisfaction and simplified processes were reported from various mills. In one case, the mill reported over 50% reduction in its scrap, reflecting a significant saving in energy and reduction in emission. There exist additional applications in the steel industry where the developed technologies can be used. OGT is working toward bringing the developed technologies to more applications. Examples are: in-line inspection and process control for continuous casting, steel rails, and seamless tube manufacturing.

Tzyy-Shuh Chang; Jianjun Shi; Shiyu Zhou

2009-03-03

493

Quality assurance in transnational higher education: a case study of the tropEd network  

PubMed Central

Introduction Transnational or cross-border higher education has rapidly expanded since the 1980s. Together with that expansion issues on quality assurance came to the forefront. This article aims to identify key issues regarding quality assurance of transnational higher education and discusses the quality assurance of the tropEd Network for International Health in Higher Education in relation to these key issues. Methods Literature review and review of documents. Results From the literature the following key issues regarding transnational quality assurance were identified and explored: comparability of quality assurance frameworks, true collaboration versus erosion of national education sovereignty, accreditation agencies and transparency. The tropEd network developed a transnational quality assurance framework for the network. The network accredits modules through a rigorous process which has been accepted by major stakeholders. This process was a participatory learning process and at the same time the process worked positive for the relations between the institutions. Discussion The development of the quality assurance framework and the process provides a potential example for others. PMID:23537108

2013-01-01

494

Quality Assurance Issues in Conducting Multi-Institutional Advanced Technology Clinical Trials  

SciTech Connect

The National Cancer Institute-sponsored Advanced Technology Quality Assurance (QA) Consortium, which consisted of the Image-Guided Therapy QA Center, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Radiological Physics Center, Quality Assurance Review Center, and Resource Center for Emerging Technologies, has pioneered the development of an infrastructure and QA method for advanced technology clinical trials that requires volumetric digital data submission of a protocol patient's treatment plan and verification data. In particular, the Image-Guided Therapy QA Center has nearly 15 years experience in facilitating QA review for Radiation Therapy Oncology Group advanced technology clinical trials. This QA process includes (1) a data integrity review for completeness of protocol required elements, the format of data, and possible data corruption, and recalculation of dose-volume histograms; (2) a review of compliance with target volume and organ-at-risk contours by study chairs; and (3) a review of dose prescription and dose heterogeneity compliance by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Headquarters Dosimetry Group or the Radiological Physics Center dosimetrists (for brachytherapy protocols). This report reviews the lessons learned and the QA challenges presented by the use of advanced treatment modalities in clinical trials requiring volumetric digital data submission.

Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California, Davis, School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)], E-mail: james.purdy@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu

2008-05-01

495

Quality control and assurance for validation of DOS/I measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ongoing multi-center clinical trials are crucial for Biophotonics to gain acceptance in medical imaging. In these trials, quality control (QC) and assurance (QA) are key to success and provide "data insurance". Quality control and assurance deal with standardization, validation, and compliance of procedures, materials and instrumentation. Specifically, QC/QA involves systematic assessment of testing materials, instrumentation performance, standard operating procedures, data logging, analysis, and reporting. QC and QA are important for FDA accreditation and acceptance by the clinical community. Our Biophotonics research in the Network for Translational Research in Optical Imaging (NTROI) program for breast cancer characterization focuses on QA/QC issues primarily related to the broadband Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy and Imaging (DOS/I) instrumentation, because this is an emerging technology with limited standardized QC/QA in place. In the multi-center trial environment, we implement QA/QC procedures: 1. Standardize and validate calibration standards and procedures. (DOS/I technology requires both frequency domain and spectral calibration procedures using tissue simulating phantoms and reflectance standards, respectively.) 2. Standardize and validate data acquisition, processing and visualization (optimize instrument software-EZDOS; centralize data processing) 3. Monitor, catalog and maintain instrument performance (document performance; modularize maintenance; integrate new technology) 4. Standardize and coordinate trial data entry (from individual sites) into centralized database 5. Monitor, audit and communicate all research procedures (database, teleconferences, training sessions) between participants ensuring "calibration". This manuscript describes our ongoing efforts, successes and challenges implementing these strategies.

Cerussi, Albert; Durkin, Amanda; Kwong, Richard; Quang, Timothy; Hill, Brian; Tromberg, Bruce J.; MacKinnon, Nick; Mantulin, William W.

2010-02-01

496

Clinical practice and evaluation of electronic portal imaging device for VMAT quality assurance  

SciTech Connect

Volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) is a novel extension of the intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) technique, which has brought challenges to dose verification. To perform VMAT pretreatment quality assurance, an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) can be applied. This study's aim was to evaluate EPID performance for VMAT dose verification. First, dosimetric characteristics of EPID were investigated. Then 10 selected VMAT dose plans were measured by EPID with the rotational method. The overall variation of EPID dosimetric characteristics was within 1.4% for VMAT. The film system serving as a conventional tool for verification showed good agreement both with EPID measurements ([94.1 ± 1.5]% with 3 mm/3% criteria) and treatment planning system (TPS) calculations ([97.4 ± 2.8]% with 3 mm/3% criteria). In addition, EPID measurements for VMAT presented good agreement with TPS calculations ([99.1 ± 0.6]% with 3 mm/3% criteria). The EPID system performed the robustness of potential error findings in TPS calculations and the delivery system. This study demonstrated that an EPID system can be used as a reliable and efficient quality assurance tool for VMAT dose verification.

Huang, Yen-Cho, E-mail: yenchohuang@hotmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Chien-Yi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Jih-Hsiang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Lo, Ching-Jung; Tsai, Ping-Fang; Hung, Chih-Hung [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Chieh-Sheng [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, Keelung City, Taiwan (China); Chen, Chen-Yuan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Taoyuan County, Taiwan (China)

2013-04-01

497

A research agenda for information quality assurance in public safety networks: information orchestration as the middle ground between hierarchical and netcentric approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the key challenges in public safety networks is to ensure a high level of information quality (IQ) during disaster\\u000a response. Since many evaluation reports on disaster response efforts have revealed instances of poor IQ, both academics and\\u000a practitioners are in search of information architectures that assure IQ. This article focuses on the hurdles and opportunities\\u000a for IQ assurance

Nitesh Bharosa; Marijn Janssen; Yao-Hua Tan

2011-01-01

498

ENQA: 10 Years (2000-2010): A Decade of European Co-Operation in Quality Assurance in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) arises in the late 1990s when the first formal procedures for quality assurance begun to stabilize on a national level. As a result of the European Pilot Projects in the field of external quality assurance during the nineties, participants felt the need for…

Crozier, Fiona, Ed.; Costes, Nathalie, Ed.; Ranne, Paula, Ed.; Stalter, Maria, Ed.

2010-01-01

499

We Can't Go Home Again: Insights from a Quarter Century of Experiments in External Academic Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What have we learned from 25 years of experience with external academic quality assurance that can help design more effective framework conditions for assuring academic standards? The key elements appear to be the structure and means of evaluating national academic quality assurance agencies, the nature of academic quality information mandated by…

Dill, David D.

2010-01-01

500

A research agenda to promote affordable and quality assured medicines  

PubMed Central

Promoting generic medicines to increase access to essential medicines is relevant to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) and post 2015 goals. There are several barriers to encouraging wider use of generic medicines in health systems, e.g. the widely-held perception that low price equals low quality and misalignment of provider and consumer incentives. Overcoming the complex barriers and other challenges can be re-formulated as a ‘generic medicine evidence-based policy agenda’: (1) What policy and strategies can increase consumer trust in the quality of all medicines granted market authority including generic products? (2) Are there differences in prices between branded and unbranded generics? (3) What are synergies between policies that can enhance promoting of generic medicines effectively? Evaluating the policies promoting generic medicines will be critical to create evidence that countries can use to implement policies in their local settings. PMID:25848542

2014-01-01