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1

Japanese consumer categorisation of beef into quality grades, based on Meat Standards Australia methodology.  

PubMed

The objective was to evaluate the sensory categorisation of beef by Japanese consumers, based on Meat Standards Australia methodology. Various cuts of beef, with a wide range of quality (from Australian and Japanese cattle) and three cooking methods (grill, yakiniku, shabu shabu), were evaluated by 1620 Japanese consumers in Tokyo and Osaka. Consumers rated each sample for four sensory attributes (tenderness, juiciness, flavor and overall satisfaction), then selected one of four grades (unsatisfactory/2-star, good everyday/3-star, better than everyday/4-star, and premium quality/5-star), based on the quality of the beef within each cooking method. Meat quality scores, denoted as MQ4 scores (weighted combination of the four sensory attributes) were calculated from the Japanese consumer test results, to describe the Japanese consumer rating of beef. The distribution of the Japanese consumer MQ4 scores showed a clear distinction between grades, with the majority of scores being included within the boundaries of each grade. The MQ4 score allocated approximately 64% of the samples to their correct consumer grades. The MQ4 score showed potential to be used as a tool in developing and monitoring a consumer-focused grading system that is able to predict Japanese consumer satisfaction of individual beef cuts prepared by different cooking methods. PMID:21729214

Polkinghorne, Rod J; Nishimura, Takanori; Neath, Kate E; Watson, Ray

2011-04-01

2

The recycling of standard quality wrought aluminum alloys from low-grade contaminated scrap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent decades an increasingly large fraction of the world’s wrought aluminum alloys supply has come from the aluminum scrap recovered from industrial waste and discarded post-consumer items. However, replacing even a minor part of primary aluminum in wrought alloys with recycled counterpart originated from lower grades of scrap (typically scrap contaminated with various non-metallic impurities) without influencing the quality of the allay is very demanding from a metallurgical point of view. This article discusses the two approaches for achieving the requested chemical composition of wrought alloys made from recycled aluminum: (i) before melting, by combining the appropriate qualities and quantities of scrap, primary aluminum, and the alloying elements and (ii) during melting, by diluting impurity content with primary aluminum to the needed level and adding, at the same time, the necessary amount of alloying elements for achieving their standard concentration in diluted melts.

Kevorkjjan, Varužan

2010-08-01

3

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 1. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (2) Comprehensive Health Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997 ? Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

4

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 7. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 7; (2) Comprehensive Health Education Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

5

Arizona Academic Standards: Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Arizona academic standards for Grade 7. The following 11 standards are reviewed: (1) The Arts Standard 2006 --Grade 7; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4) Reading Standard Articulated by…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

6

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 6. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 6; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

7

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 2. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 2; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

8

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 3. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (2) Comprehensive Health Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards, 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4) Reading…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

9

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 2. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 2; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

10

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 3. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 3; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 1-3); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

11

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for grade 5. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Grade 5; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Essentials (Grades 4-8);(3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Foundations (Grades 4-8); (4)…

Arizona Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

12

Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

13

Accountability in Grading Student Work: Securing Academic Standards in a Twenty-First Century Quality Assurance Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, using a student outcomes definition of academic standards, reports on academics' sense of standards as enacted through marking practices. Twelve lecturers from two UK universities were asked to "think aloud" as they graded written assignments followed by a semi-structured interview. The interview data were used to investigate the…

Bloxham, Sue; Boyd, Pete

2012-01-01

14

3rd Grade Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure studentsâ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

15

Rigorous Grading Does Not Raise Standards: It Only Lowers Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses "grade inflation," and the pressure on instructors to "play grade roll politics to save their own professional hides." Argues that the grade deflation movement works at cross purposes with its goal of elevating academic standards, and that it is at odds with composition theory and its process pedagogy. Suggests portfolio assessment as…

Agnew, Eleanor

1995-01-01

16

Arizona Mathematics Standard Articulated by Grade Level, Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every student should understand and use all concepts and skills from the previous grade levels. The standard is designed so that new learning builds on preceding skills. Communications, Problem-solving, Reasoning & Proof, Connections, and Representation are the process standards that are embedded throughout the teaching and learning of all…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

17

Arizona Mathematics Standard Articulated by Grade Level, Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every student should understand and use all concepts and skills from the previous grade levels. The standard is designed so that new learning builds on preceding skills. Communications, Problem-solving, Reasoning & Proof, Connections, and Representation are the process standards that are embedded throughout the teaching and learning of all…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

18

Grades 9-12 Physics Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains the California Board of Education requirements for student learning in physics, grades 9-12. Standards are listed in the areas of motion and forces, heat and thermodynamics, and electricity and magnitism.

2004-12-15

19

State Air Quality Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents in tabular form the air quality standards for sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, photochemicals, non-methane hydrocarbons and particulates for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. (CS)

Pollution Engineering, 1978

1978-01-01

20

Express - Standard. Quality - Standardization - Metrology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The articles contained in this translation cover Russian research on standards and standardization in science and technology. This document was received pursuant to a joint U.S. - USSR program to exchange standards information. The articles deal with indu...

1977-01-01

21

25 CFR 36.30 - Standard X-Grading requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Standard X-Grading requirements. 36.30 Section...Evaluation § 36.30 StandardGrading requirements. (a) Each school shall implement a uniform grading system which assesses a student's...

2009-04-01

22

25 CFR 36.30 - Standard X-Grading requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Standard X-Grading requirements. 36.30 Section...Evaluation § 36.30 StandardGrading requirements. (a) Each school shall implement a uniform grading system which assesses a student's...

2010-04-01

23

Seven Reasons for Standards-Based Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past three years, Patricia L. Scriffiny has transformed the grading system in her high school mathematics classroom by replacing the traditional points-based system with a standards-based system. Instead of assigning points for assignments, she lists student progress toward meeting clearly defined course objectives. In this article,…

Scriffiny, Patricia L.

2008-01-01

24

Standardized Tests and Grades. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is decades of research on the correlation between grades and standardized test scores. Much of what the author accessed was published in the 70s and 80s, partly because a scare around "the declining American SAT score" led to an examination of the tests (the drop can easily be explained by the fact that many students who might not have…

Muir, Mike

2005-01-01

25

Clinical-grade mesenchymal stromal cells produced under various good manufacturing practice processes differ in their immunomodulatory properties: standardization of immune quality controls  

PubMed Central

Clinical-grade mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are usually expanded from bone marrow (BMMSC) or adipose tissue (ADSC) using processes mainly differing in the use of fetal calf serum (FCS) or human platelet lysate (PL). We aimed to compare immune modulatory properties of clinical-grade MSC using a combination of fully standardized in vitro assays. BMMSC expanded with FCS (BMMSC-FCS) or PL (BMMSC-PL), and ADSC-PL were analyzed in quantitative phenotypic and functional experiments including their capacity to inhibit the proliferation of T, B, and NK cells. The molecular mechanisms supporting T-cell inhibition were investigated. These parameters were also evaluated after pre-stimulation of MSC with inflammatory cytokines. BMMSC-FCS, BMMSC-PL, and ADSC-PL displayed significant differences in expression of immunosuppressive and adhesion molecules. Standardized functional assays revealed that resting MSC inhibited proliferation of T and NK cells, but not B cells. ADSC-PL were the most potent in inhibiting T-cell growth, a property ascribed to IFN-?-dependent indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity. MSC did not stimulate allogeneic T cell proliferation but were efficiently lysed by activated NK cells. The systematic use of quantitative and reproducible validation techniques highlights differences in immunological properties of MSC produced using various clinical-grade processes. ADSC-PL emerge as a promising candidate for future clinical trials.

Menard, Cedric; Pacelli, Luciano; Bassi, Giulio; Dulong, Joelle; Bifari, Francesco; Bezier, Isabelle; Zanoncello, Jasmina; Ricciardi, Mario; Latour, Maelle; Bourin, Philippe; Schrezenmeier, Hubert; Sensebe, Luc; Tarte, Karin; Krampera, Mauro

2013-01-01

26

The USDA quality grades may mislead consumers.  

PubMed

This study was designed to explore consumers' perceptions about and knowledge of USDA beef quality grades. Data were collected from over 1,000 consumers in online surveys in November and December 2013, and estimates were weighted to force the sample to mirror the U.S. population in terms of age, gender, education, and region of residence. When asked to rank Prime, Choice, and Select grades in terms of leanness, only 14.4% provided the correct ranking with 57.1% of respondents incorrectly indicating steaks grading Prime were the leanest. Despite perceptions that the Prime name indicated the leanest product, in a subsequent question, 55.6% of respondents thought Prime grade to be the juiciest of the 3 grades. In addition to inquiring about perceptions of the grade names, respondents also indicated perceptions of pictures of steaks. Only 14.5% of respondents correctly matched the steak pictures with their corresponding USDA quality grade name, an outcome that is statistically worse than would have occurred through pure random matching (P = 0.03). When asked to match pictures of steaks with expected prices, 54.8% of respondents incorrectly matched the picture of the Prime steak with the lowest price level. More highly educated consumers with greater preferences for steak consumption were more likely to provide correct answers. Results reveal substantial confusion over quality grading nomenclature and suggest the need for more education or for a transition toward more descriptive terminology at the retail level. PMID:24802037

DeVuyst, E A; Lusk, J L; DeVuyst, M A

2014-07-01

27

77 FR 6772 - United States Standards for Grades of Okra  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...has been reviewing the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable grade standards for usefulness in serving...Fresh Products Division, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, Agricultural Marketing Service...States Standards for Grades of Fruits and Vegetables not connected with Federal...

2012-02-09

28

New Federal Air Quality Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report discusses the current procedures for establishing air quality standards, the bases for standards, and, finally, proposed and final National Primary and Secondary Ambient Air Quality Standards for sulfur dioxide, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nonmethane hydrocarbons, photochemical oxidants, and nitrogen dioxide. (Author/RH)

Stopinski, O. W.

29

Job Grading Standard for Wood Worker, WG-4604.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A job grading standard for Wood Worker WG-4604 is given for grading jobs under the Federal Wage System. The standard covers physical requirements, tools, job task, skills, and knowledge at three grade levels, and the limits placed on the requirements at each level. In general the wood worker makes and repairs such supply shipping, and storage…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

30

Nebraska Water Quality Standards Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The summary presents water quality standards of the State of Nebraska. The standards consist of three major components: designation of the uses which interstate waters are to serve, specification of narrative and numerical criteria to protect and enhance ...

1972-01-01

31

TRIBAL WATER QUALITY STANDARDS WORKSHOP  

EPA Science Inventory

Water quality standards are the foundation for water management actions. They provide the basis for regulating discharges of pollutants to surface waters, and provide a target for restoration of degraded waters. Water quality standards identify and protect uses of the water bod...

32

3rd Grade Common Core State Standards Flip Book  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5.

2012-06-01

33

MEETING PRIVATE GRADES AND STANDARDS IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE: EXPERIENCES FROM THE ARMENIAN DAIRY INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main trends emerging from the agroindustrialization process is the rise of 'grades and standards' (G&S) in food products. G&S were initially developed by the public sector to reduce transaction costs and ensure product quality and safety but have become a strategic instrument of competition in differentiated product markets (Reardon et al, 2001). Firms are using grades and

Jack Cocks; Hamish R. Gow; Daniel J. Dunn

2003-01-01

34

Water Quality Standards Inventory Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Water Quality Standards Inventory is provided by the Information Center for the Environment, a cooperative effort of environmental scientists at the University of California, Davis. The GIS-based inventory of water quality standards consists of water quality objectives and beneficial uses established by each regional board for California surface waters. Users can browse by water quality regions, Caltrans districts, California counties, waterbody name, beneficial uses (such as cold freshwater habitat), or do keyword searches. This very informative and graphically pleasing database does a good job of presenting the extensive information in an easily accessible manner, making it a terrific resource for those searching for various water information for the state.

35

7 CFR 29.1181 - Summary of standard grades.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... X4L X4F X5L X5F 8 Grades of Primings P2L P2F P3L P3F P4L P4F... X4LL C5LL 2 Grades of Cutters (Primings Side) C5LP C5FP 13 Grades of...sandâ may be applied to any grade in the Primings group, including first quality...

2010-01-01

36

7 CFR 29.1181 - Summary of standard grades.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... X4L X4F X5L X5F 8 Grades of Primings P2L P2F P3L P3F P4L P4F... X4LL C5LL 2 Grades of Cutters (Primings Side) C5LP C5FP 13 Grades of...sandâ may be applied to any grade in the Primings group, including first quality...

2009-01-01

37

Grade Inflation: Academic Standards in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a provocative look at the issues and controversies surrounding grade inflation, and, more generally, grading practices in American higher education. The contributors confront the issues from a number of different disciplines and varying points of view. Topics explored include empirical evidence for and against the claim that…

Hunt, Lester H., Ed.

2008-01-01

38

Clinical quality standards for radiotherapy  

PubMed Central

Aim of the study The technological progress that is currently being witnessed in the areas of diagnostic imaging, treatment planning systems and therapeutic equipment has caused radiotherapy to become a high-tech and interdisciplinary domain involving staff of various backgrounds. This allows steady improvement in therapy results, but at the same time makes the diagnostic, imaging and therapeutic processes more complex and complicated, requiring every stage of those processes to be planned, organized, controlled and improved so as to assure high quality of services provided. The aim of this paper is to present clinical quality standards for radiotherapy as developed by the author. Material and methods In order to develop the quality standards, a comparative analysis was performed between European and Polish legal acts adopted in the period of 1980-2006 and the universal industrial ISO 9001:2008 standard, defining requirements for quality management systems, and relevant articles published in 1984-2009 were reviewed, including applicable guidelines and recommendations of American, international, European and Polish bodies, such as the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and the Organisation of European Cancer Institutes (OECI) on quality assurance and management in radiotherapy. Results As a result, 352 quality standards for radiotherapy were developed and categorized into the following three groups: 1 – organizational standards; 2 – physico-technical standards and 3 – clinical standards. Conclusion Proposed clinical quality standards for radiotherapy can be used by any institution using ionizing radiation for medical purposes. However, standards are of value only if they are implemented, reviewed, audited and improved, and if there is a clear mechanism in place to monitor and address failure to meet agreed standards.

2012-01-01

39

Business Education Crosswalking Standards: Grades Eight and Twelve.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to assist Nebraska business education teachers in developing assessment plans for their local school districts. The first part of the document correlates Nebraska's business education performance standards with grade 8 and grade 12 standards for the following academic subject areas: mathematics; science; social…

Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.

40

Moving to Standards-Based Grading: Lessons from Omaha  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Getting a large, urban school district to use standards-based education and standards-based grading is challenging. Doing so in one year is monumental. During the 2009-10 school year, Omaha (NE) Public Schools began to study the feasibility of making changes to its traditional grading system. The more closely district personnel investigated the…

Proulx, Chris; Spencer-May, Karen; Westerberg, Tim

2012-01-01

41

Grading as a Reform Effort: Do Standards-Based Grades Converge with Test Scores?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standards-based progress reports (SBPRs) require teachers to grade students using the performance levels reported by state tests and are an increasingly popular report card format. They may help to increase teacher familiarity with state standards, encourage teachers to exclude nonacademic factors from grades, and/or improve communication with…

Welsh, Megan E.; D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Kaniskan, Burcu

2013-01-01

42

Math Process Standards Series, Grades 3-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NCTM's Process Standards support teaching that helps upper elementary level children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every intermediate-grades teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require prior math…

O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

2008-01-01

43

76 FR 31787 - United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...either individuals and/or clusters, not exceeding the length...numerous individual and/or clusters of sprouts based on materially...single individual sprouts or clusters. Therefore, AMS is revising...Agricultural commodities, Food grades and standards,...

2011-06-02

44

Minimum Quality Standards, Fixed Costs, and Competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

I investigate the consequences of imposing a minimum quality standard on an industry in which firms face quality-dependent fixes costs and compete in quality and price. Even though the high-quality sellers would satisfy the standard in the absence of regulation, imposing a standard leads these sellers to raise qualities. They do so in an effort to alleviate the price competition,

Uri Ronnen

1991-01-01

45

Grading: Harmonising Standards and Stakeholder Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that when a course is planned within one culture for delivery to members of another culture, appropriate quality control of assessment becomes an issue of major proportions. Based on their experience of presenting an Aid Agency-funded Masters course in a developing country in the Pacific, the authors describe the processes to…

Choy, Sarojni; Lidstone, John

2011-01-01

46

Job Grading Standard for Electroplater, WG-3711.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard for Electroplating Worker WG-7 and Electroplater WG-9 covers work involving the use of electrolytic and chemical processes to plate, coat, and treat surfaces of metals and metal alloys for purposes of protection, repair, maintenance, and fabrication of parts and equipment. A knowledge of the preparation, testing, and maintenance of…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

47

75 FR 22551 - United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service...States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries. After considering the comments received...States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries are available by accessing the AMS...

2010-04-29

48

75 FR 43142 - United States Standards for Grades of Refried Beans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States Standards for Grades of Refried Beans AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service...States Standards for Grades of Refried Beans. After reviewing and considering industry...develop grade standards for canned refried beans to be used by the industry. AMS...

2010-07-23

49

Safe To Be Smart. Building a Culture for Standards-Based Reform in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Viewing standards from the perspective of classroom teachers, this book discusses the need to alter middle school culture to facilitate meaningful improvements in the teaching-learning environment. It emphasizes efforts by middle grades educators to make schools and classrooms places where more students work harder to do work of higher quality

Wheelock, Anne

50

MOST CURRENT WATER QUALITY STANDARDS - WATERBODY SHAPEFILES  

EPA Science Inventory

State Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. 2000 Water Quality Standards coded onto the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) Waterbody Reaches (region.rch) to create Waterbody Shapefiles....

51

Job Grading Standard for Blocker and Bracer WG-4602.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard is used to grade nonsupervisor's work involved in blocking, bracing, staying, and securing cargo for shipment by land, sea, or air. It requires skill in constructing, placing, and installing wooden blocks, wedges, bracing structures and other staying devices, as well as skill in securing items using wires, ropes, chains, cables,…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

52

Standards-Based Grading in Introductory University Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standards-based grading (SBG) is an approach to assessment and reporting in which scores are attached to the specific learning objectives of a course, rather than to assignments or tests. Each score represents a student's mastery of that learning objective, and may change over time in response to evidence that her level of understanding has…

Beatty, Ian D.

2013-01-01

53

Job Grading Standard for Store Worker, WG-7602.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard for grading jobs under the Federal Wage System covers nonsupervisory work involved in handling, marking, and preparing displays of merchandise or other items for selection by customers. This requires skill in observing, counting, and maintaining stock levels, and in matching names, codes, numbers, or sizes of items on shelves to lists…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

54

THE STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING COLLEGE GRADING STANDARDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE STUDY TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH A SPECIFIED AVERAGE ACADEMIC APTITUDE (AAA) LEVEL RECEIVED HIGHER GRADES AS ENROLLMENT INCREASED AND ADMISSION STANDARDS WERE LOWERED TO FILL NEW DORMITORIES. AAA WAS COMPUTED FROM AN ENTERING FRESHMAN'S COMBINED SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST (SAT) VERBAL AND QUANTITIVE SCORES. LOCATING…

GLADNEY, MARILYN B.; HILLS, JOHN R.

55

The Relationship between Measures of Vocabulary and Narrative Writing Quality in Second- and Fourth-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research…

Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Leaird, Jacqueline T.

2009-01-01

56

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

57

Standards-based grading with voice: Listening for students' understanding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Standards-based grading is gaining popularity at the high school level, including physics courses. The basic notion is to give your students a list of objectives upfront that they need to master. Students can reassess often and their final grade is determined solely by their last reassessment on each standard. It is the instructor's job to help students find ways of showing their mastery to you. I implemented this in a junior-level mechanics course where the small numbers allowed me to introduce a novel twist: all assessments had to include the student's voice. This meant that students turned in pencasts, screencasts, and in-person assessments. Several days were also set aside for collaborative oral assessments, where students offered up honest advice and scores were mutually determined. In this paper, I'll share my experience trying out this pedagogical experiment and try to convey how it has improved my own understanding of my students' understanding.

Rundquist, Andy

2012-05-15

58

Roadmap for power quality standards development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power quality standards provide the basis for achieving compatibility between the characteristics of the electric supply system and end use equipment. They provide the methods for evaluating performance, define equipment requirements, and outline relative responsibilities. This paper describes the status of important power quality standards around the world and presents a roadmap for ongoing standards development.

M. McGranaghan

2005-01-01

59

77 FR 20610 - United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA...United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng. AMS received a request from the Ginseng Board of Wisconsin (GBW), to amend the...

2012-04-05

60

National Quality Standards for Volunteer Literacy Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists the national quality standards for volunteer literacy programs that were developed by Laubach Literacy Action in a 2-year project that began in 1994 and involved the following activities: extensive review of existing literacy quality standards and guidelines; analysis of previous national efforts to identify the elements…

Laubach Literacy International, Syracuse, NY.

61

MOST CURRENT WATER QUALITY STANDARDS - POINT EVENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

State Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. Most current Water Quality Standards coded onto route.rch (Transport and Coastline Reach) feature of the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) to create NHD - Point Events. Point events are...

62

A critical appraisal of standard guidelines for grading levels of evidence.  

PubMed

Over the past 30 years, a general consensus has emerged within the medical community regarding the essential role served by grading guidelines in evaluating the quality of evidence produced by a medical research study. Specifically, consensus exists regarding the hierarchy of evidence, where randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the ''gold standard'' followed by nonrandomized controlled trials (non-RCTs) and uncontrolled trials. As guidelines have become more sophisticated, processes have been developed for downgrading poorly conducted studies and upgrading strong studies. Lists of threats to internal validity have been disseminated, thereby assisting reviewers in grading studies. However, despite these many accomplishments, considerable issues remain unresolved with respect to how to evaluate the strength of evidence produced by flawed RCTs versus well-conducted non-RCTs. The purpose of this article is to evaluate existing evidence-based grading guidelines and to offer suggestions for how such guidelines may be improved. PMID:20801972

Gugiu, P Cristian; Gugiu, Mihaiela Ristei

2010-09-01

63

75 FR 51978 - United States Standards for Grades of Pineapple Juice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Standards for Grades of Pineapple Juice AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing...United States Standards for Grades of Pineapple Juice are corrected to include text inadvertently...of the U.S. Standards for Grades of Pineapple Juice are located on the Internet...

2010-08-24

64

Benefits analysis and air-quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic analysis has a limited, but useful, role in determining the benefits of air-quality standards. The national ambient air standard for particulate matter illustrates the economic costs of population exposure and health risks from pollutants and the benefits of reducing illness with air-pollution control. Revision of the standard will help to assert the role of economic analysis in environmental decision

R. C. Anderson; B. Ostro

1983-01-01

65

"Standards"-Based Mathematics Curricula and Middle-Grades Students' Performance on Standardized Achievement Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined achievement patterns of middle school students enrolled in Standards-based curricula, in particular those curricula that were funded from a solicitation of proposals through the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the early 1990s (NSF RFP 91-100). Approximately 1400 middle-grades students who had used either the Connected…

Post, Thomas R.; Harwell, Michael R.; Davis, Jon D.; Maeda, Yukiko; Cutler, Arnie; Andersen, Edwin; Kahan, Jeremy A.; Norman, Ke Wu

2008-01-01

66

Industrial Quality Standards and Total Quality Management in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines practical applications for the suitability of two different approaches to quality management within engineering education. One utilizes quality systems standards as typified by a specific industrial process that ensures an effective production system. The other applies the notion of total quality management emphasizing a process of…

Tannock, James D. T.

1991-01-01

67

50 CFR 270.15 - Quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FISH AND SEAFOOD PROMOTION SPECIES-SPECIFIC SEAFOOD MARKETING...NMFS will develop quality standards for the species of fish or fish products described in the approved charter. Any...

2013-10-01

68

Standards-Based Grading: New Report Cards Aim to Make Mastery Clear  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing band of teachers, schools, and entire districts have put their faith in standards-based grading, an innovative, albeit complex and sometimes controversial, method that aims to make grades more meaningful. A standards-based report card contains an overall grade for each course but also indicates how well a student has mastered each of the…

Spencer, Kyle

2012-01-01

69

The relationship between measures of vocabulary and narrative writing quality in second- and fourth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants\\u000a included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed\\u000a writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research questions examined whether four vocabulary\\u000a measures (vocabulary diversity, less frequent vocabulary, mean syllable

Natalie G. Olinghouse; Jacqueline T. Leaird

2009-01-01

70

Introduction to Communication, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

O'Connell, Susan; Croskey, Suzanne G.

2008-01-01

71

Standards for Primary-Grade Reading: An Analysis of State Frameworks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To begin the task of evaluating the impact of state standards on American students, a study compared the structure and information of state language arts standards. The analysis focused on the 14 state documents that provided benchmarks or objectives by grade level for grades K-3. The other 28 states either provided a single set of standards for…

Wixson, Karen K.; Dutro, Elizabeth

72

78 FR 45907 - United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Vegetables  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...obtaining copies of the grade standards and color standards. These changes bring these grade...that the product is carefully selected for color and tenderness. With regard to this suggestion...Update contact information for obtaining color standards for frozen lima beans....

2013-07-30

73

Deriving Chesapeake Bay Water Quality Standards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Achieving and maintaining the water quality conditions necessary to protect the aquatic living resources of the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries has required a foundation of quantifiable water quality criteria. Quantitative criteria serve as a critical basis for assessing the attainment of designated uses and measuring progress toward meeting water quality goals of the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership. In 1987, the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership committed to defining the water quality conditions necessary to protect aquatic living resources. Under section 303(c) of the Clean Water Act, States and authorized tribes have the primary responsibility for adopting water quality standards into law or regulation. The Chesapeake Bay Program partnership worked with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to develop and publish a guidance framework of ambient water quality criteria with designated uses and assessment procedures for dissolved oxygen, water clarity, and chlorophyll a for Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries in 2003. This article reviews the derivation of the water quality criteria, criteria assessment protocols, designated use boundaries, and their refinements published in six addendum documents since 2003 and successfully adopted into each jurisdiction's water quality standards used in developing the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load.

Tango, Peter J.; Batiuk, Richard A.

2013-01-01

74

Parallel 2D Graded Guaranteed Quality Delaunay Mesh Refinement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. We develop a theoretical framework for constructing guaranteed qual- ity Delaunay meshes in parallel for general two-dimensional geometries. This paper presents a new approach for constructing graded meshes, i.e., meshes with element size controlled by a user-defined criterion. The sequential Delaunay refinement algo- rithms are based on inserting points at the circumcenters of triangles of poor quality or unacceptable

Andrey N. Chernikov; Nikos Chrisochoides

2005-01-01

75

School-Based Accountability and the Distribution of Teacher Quality across Grades in Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use North Carolina data to explore whether the quality of teachers in the lower elementary grades (K-2) falls short of teacher quality in the upper grades (3-5) and to examine the hypothesis that school accountability pressures contribute to such quality shortfalls. Our concern with the early grades arises from recent studies highlighting how…

Fuller, Sarah C.; Ladd, Helen F.

2013-01-01

76

United States Standards for Grades of Carcass Beef (Effective Date January 31, 1997).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The tentative U.S. standards for the Grades of dressed beef were formulated in 1916. They provided the basis of uniformly reporting the dressed beef markets according to grades, which work was inaugurated as a national service early in 1917. The grade spe...

1997-01-01

77

Quality Standard for the Treatment of Bacteremia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The objective of this quality standard is to opti- mize the treatment of bacteremia in hospitalized patients by en- suring that the antibiotic given is appropriate in terms of the blood culture susceptibility of the pathogen. Although this stan- dard may appear to be minimal in scope, it is needed because appropriate antimicrobial treatment is not given in 5%-17%

Peter A. Gross; Trisha L. Barrett; E. Patchen Dellinger; Peter J. Krause; William J. Martone; John E. McGowan; Richard L. Sweet; Richard P. Wenzel

1994-01-01

78

DICOM Gray-Scale Standard Display Function: Clinical Diagnostic Accuracy of Chest Radiography in Medical-Grade Gray-Scale and Consumer-Grade Color Displays.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy achieved with and without the calibration method established by the DICOM standard in both medical-grade gray-scale displays and consumer-grade color displays. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This study involved 76 cases, six radiologists, three displays, and two display calibrations for a total of 2736 observations in a multireadermulticase factorial design. The evaluated conditions were interstitial opacities, pneumothorax, and nodules. CT was adopted as the reference standard. One medical-grade gray-scale display and two consumer-grade color displays were evaluated. Analyses of ROC curves, diagnostic accuracy (measured as AUC), accuracy of condition classification, and false-positive and false-negative rate comparisons were performed. The degree of agreement between readers was also evaluated. RESULTS. No significant differences in image quality perception by the readers in the presence or absence of calibration were observed. Similar forms of the ROC curves were observed. No significant differences were detected in the observed variables (diagnostic accuracy, accuracy of condition classification, false-positive rates, false-negative rates, and image-quality perception). Strong agreement between readers was also determined for each display with and without calibration. CONCLUSION. For the chest conditions and selected observers included in this study, no significant differences were observed between the three evaluated displays with respect to accuracy performance with and without calibration. PMID:24848825

Salazar, Antonio J; Aguirre, Diego A; Ocampo, Juliana; Camacho, Juan C; Díaz, Xavier A

2014-06-01

79

Mammography Quality Standards Act and Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by the FDA, this site is a clearinghouse of information for mammography facility personnel, educators and others about the implementation of MQSA or the Mammography Quality Standards Act of 1992. The purpose of MQSA was to \\"ensure that all women have access to quality mammography for the detection of breast cancer in its earliest, most treatable stages.\\" Congress reauthorized MQSA in the fall of 2004 extending the program to 2007 -- so users may also see references to MQSRA which refer to the Mammography Quality Standards Reauthorization Acts of 1998 and 2004. The full text of the act is accessible at the site as well as a good deal of information and guidance for those in mammography facilities - including information about inspections and certification. Scorecard information and articles which provide an overview about facilities\\' adherence to MQSA are available along with reports related to the MQSA program and accreditation.

2007-02-04

80

Ideas: NCTM Standards-Based Instruction, Grades K-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a collection of activity-based mathematics lessons for grades K-4 from the "Ideas" department in "Arithmetic Teacher: Mathematics Education through the Middle Grades." Each lesson includes background information, objectives, directions, extensions, and student worksheets. A matrix is included which correlates the titles of the…

Hynes, Michael C., Ed.

81

Ideas: NCTM Standards-Based Instruction, Grades 5-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a collection of activity-based mathematics lessons for grades 5-8 from the "Ideas" department in "Arithmetic Teacher: Mathematics Education through the Middle Grades." Each lesson includes background information, objectives, directions, extensions, and student worksheets. A matrix is included which correlates the titles of the…

Hynes, Michael C., Ed.

82

The use of International Standards Organization ISO 9000 quality assurance standards in place of military standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The implementation of quality standards within the European Community by the creation of International Quality Standards 9000 is another step toward development of a global marketplace. It is in the interests of DoD to support this trend in order to help maintain the defense industrial base. The first part of this study performs a comparison of DoD quality standards to the ISO 9000 Standards. The second part of the study consists of a survey of U.S. firms that have become ISO 9000 registered. This survey is intended to provide an assessment of the current movement within the defense industrial base toward adoption of ISO 9000 Standards. The survey also attempts to identify potential implementation issues relating to adoption of ISO 9000 Standards in place of military standards. It is concluded that DoD should implement ISO 9000 and that the impact of this implementation will be favorable.

Beckerdite, Stanley M.

1992-06-01

83

Colorado Air Quality Control Regulations and Ambient Air Quality Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regulations and standards relative to air quality control in Colorado are defined in this publication. Presented first are definitions of terms, a statement of intent, and general provisions applicable to all emission control regulations adopted by the Colorado Air Pollution Control Commission. Following this, three regulations are enumerated: (1)…

Colorado State Dept. of Health, Denver. Div. of Air Pollution Control.

84

Visual Arts Performance Standards at Grades 4, 8 and 12 for North Dakota Visual Art Standards and Benchmarks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document outlines the performance standards for visual arts in North Dakota public schools, grades K-12. Four levels of performance are provided for each benchmark by North Dakota educators for K-4, 5-8, and 9-12 grade levels. Level 4 describes advanced proficiency; Level 3, proficiency; Level 2, partial proficiency; and Level 1, novice. Each…

Shaw-Elgin, Linda; Jackson, Jane; Kurkowski, Bob; Riehl, Lori; Syvertson, Karen; Whitney, Linda

85

Chiropractic quality assurance: standards and guidelines  

PubMed Central

Chiropractic quality assurance involves development of both clinical guidelines and standards. Confusion generated by poor differentiation of guidelines from standards contributes to mistrust of the guideline development process. Guidelines are considered to be recommendations that allow for flexibility and individual patient differences. Standards are more binding and require a high level of supporting evidence. While guidelines serve as educational tools to improve the quality of practice, standards that outline minimum competency are used more as administrative tools on which to base policy. Barriers to development of clinical guidelines and standards include fear that they will create prescriptive “cookbook” practice, and the distrust that guidelines are developed primarily for cost containment. Clinicians also criticize guidelines developed by academics that don't relate to practice, and those based on evidence that lacks clinical relevance. Conflicting guidelines perceived to be based on strong bias or conflict of interest are also suspect. To reduce barriers to acceptance and implementation, guidelines should be inclusive, patient-centered, and based on a variety of evidence and clinical experience.

Gatterman, Meridel I; Dobson, Thomas P; LeFevbre, Ron

2001-01-01

86

Codes and standards for quality engineering  

SciTech Connect

Codes and Standards address the requirements for safety and reliability of pressure vessels and piping--materials, design, analysis, construction, fabrication, welding, nondestructive examination, acceptance testing, inservice inspection and testing, repair, replacement and modification. The role of Quality Engineering in all of these aspects of Codes and Standards is immense. In light of the experiences and lessons learned, the Codes and Standards Technical Committee of the ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division organized several technical and panel sessions. Papers presented at these sessions are contained in this volume. The following topics are discussed: flow-accelerated corrosion; corrosion in piping and vessels; changing priorities in codes and standards; piping system operability; and operating plant criteria. In addition to the above topics, brief summaries of the presentations at the panel sessions sponsored by the Codes and Standards Technical Committee are included in this volume. These pertain to the changing priorities in Codes and Standards and a discussion on the status of ASME Nuclear Codes and Standards. Thirty-eight papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Rao, K.R.; Antaki, G.; Peltola, D.; Chao, K.K.N.; Reedy, R.F.; Tang, H.T.; Esselman, T.C.; Staffiera, J. (eds.)

1994-01-01

87

Moving Forward--Shaping a Career Development Culture: Quality Standards, Quality Practice, Quality Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper represents the second of two papers written as part of the National Standards and Accreditation of Career Practitioners project. The first, a scoping paper titled Shaping a career development culture: Quality standards, quality practice, quality outcomes (McMahon, 2004), provided information for and guided discussion at the National…

McMahon, Mary

2004-01-01

88

What Factors Have Been Identified by Teachers as Reasons for the Variations Between Academic Achievement or Teacher Assigned Grades, and Standardized Test Scores for Sixth Grade Students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to determine what factors sixth grade teachers from selected sixth grade centers identified as the reasons for the variations between academic achievement, or teacher assigned grades, and standardized test scores for sixth grade students. Thirty-two teachers participated in a questionnaire survey that was specifically designed, through the use of research, for this study. The questionnaire was

Barbara Chunn Jenkins

1986-01-01

89

77 FR 6774 - United States Standards for Grades of Eggplant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fancy and No. 1 grades to allow mixed colors and/or types of eggplant when designated...updating. AMS has observed that mixing colors and/or types of eggplant in a specialty...packed with eggplant of similar type, color and character of growth; there are...

2012-02-09

90

78 FR 283 - United States Standards for Grades of Eggplant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirement in the U.S. Fancy and No. 1 grades to allow mixed colors and/or types of eggplant when designated as a mixed or specialty...the information gathered, AMS believes that permitting mixed colors and/or type packs will facilitate the marketing of...

2013-01-03

91

Hospitality and Tourism Education Skill Standards: Grade 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standards in this document are for Hospitality and Tourism programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. Minimally, the student will complete a two-year program to achieve all standards. The Hospitality and Tourism Standards Writing Team followed…

Underwood, Ryan; Spann, Lynda; Erickson, Karin; Povilaitis, Judy; Menditto, Louis; Jones, Terri; Sario, Vivienne; Verbeck, Kimberlee; Jacobi, Katherine; Michnal, Kenneth; Shelton-Meader, Sheree; Richens, Greg; Jones, Karin Erickson; Tighe, Denise; Wilhelm, Lee; Scott, Melissa

2010-01-01

92

Standardization as a key to quality.  

PubMed

The increasing attention to healthcare-associated infections is essential and long overdue. The authors of the lead article point out that standardization is a key dimension of quality. We, as healthcare providers, must leave behind the historical approach of "accommodating" broad clinical variation in practice, tolerance of low compliance in applying clear evidence that enhances outcome, and accommodating intransigent, colleagues who reject infection control practices. We know from the behavioural literature that unless an issue affects "me," buy-in is significantly limited; clearly, we must help each person in the chain of care feel an impact. There is much we can do, and each of us must demand change. PMID:19593078

Smith, Kevin

2009-01-01

93

Indiana's Academic Standards: Grade 2 English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and the social studies for Grade 2 students begins with a note to students and another note to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. The guide also lists 10 things parents can do to help…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

94

Indiana's Academic Standards: Grade 1 English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in language arts, mathematics, science, and the social studies for Grade 1 students begins with a note to students and another note to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. The guide also lists 10 things parents can do to help…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

95

Indiana's Academic Standards: Grade 3 English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to Indiana's academic standards in English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, and the Social Studies for Grade 3 students begins with a note to students and another note to parents. The guide spells out what students should know and be able to do in each subject, at each grade level. The guide also lists 10 things parents can do to…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

96

Standards-Based Grading and Reporting: A Model for Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although increasing numbers of students with disabilities are included in general education classrooms for greater portions of the day, little guidance or direction has come from the field of special education to help address the challenge of grading students in inclusive settings. The shift to standards-based grading and reporting has further…

Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

2007-01-01

97

Examination of Relationships between Participation in School Music Programs of Differing Quality and Standardized Test Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship between participation in contrasting school music programs and standardized test scores. Relationships between elementary (third- or fourth-grade) students' academic achievement at comparable schools, but with contrasting music programs as to instructional quality, were…

Johnson, Christopher M.; Memmott, Jenny E.

2006-01-01

98

Technical Standards Products Informing NASA Quality Practices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation includes formal definitions of standards (external and internal), as well as discussions of the importance of standards to NASA, current technical standards issues, the NASA technical standards program, and provides technical standards resources.

Oberhettinger, David

2006-01-01

99

76 FR 38592 - Phosphorus Water Quality Standards for Florida Everglades  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OW-2011-0515; FRL-9428-3] Phosphorus Water Quality Standards for Florida Everglades...would identify provisions of Florida's Water Quality Standards for Phosphorus in the...disapproved and that therefore are not applicable water quality standards for purposes of the...

2011-07-01

100

78 FR 54517 - Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...40 CFR Part 131 Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications...EPA-HQ-OW-2010-0606; FRL-9839-7] RIN 2040-AF 16 Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications...EPA) is proposing changes to the federal water quality standards (WQS) regulation...

2013-09-04

101

77 FR 46298 - Phosphorus Water Quality Standards for Florida Everglades  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL 9666-8] RIN 2040-AF38 Phosphorus Water Quality Standards for Florida Everglades...that identifies provisions of Florida's Water Quality Standards for Phosphorus in the...disapproved and that therefore are not applicable water quality standards for purposes of the...

2012-08-03

102

Optimizing standard cell design for quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To date, majority of the papers presented in the conference focused on how to print smaller transistors that run faster. In a different market such as safety-focused automotive market, "smaller and faster" are replaced by "tougher and living longer". In such a market, a chip has to endure a wide range of operating temperature from -40C to 150C, and is required to have an extremely low field failure rate over 10+ years. There is a wide range of design techniques that can be deployed to improve the quality of a chip. In this paper, we present some of these design techniques that are related to the physical aspects of standard cells.

Yuan, Chimin; Tipple, Dave; Warner, Jeff

2014-03-01

103

[Quality standard study on Vigna radiata].  

PubMed

In order to control the quality of Vigna radiata, the quality control method and standard were established in this study. The tests of water content, ash and ethanol-soluble extractives of V. radiata were carried out according to the methods recoded in appendix of Chinese Pharmacopeia (2010 edition, volume 1). The TLC method was established by using vitexin and isovitexin as references, and a mixture of acetate-method-water (10: 1.7 : 1.3) as the developing solvent system on GF254 thin layer plate. The contents of vitexin and isovitexin were determined by HPLC on a Prevail C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column, using acetonitrile: water (23 : 77) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The column temperature is 30 degrees C and the detection wavelength is 337 nm. As a result, vitexin, isovitexin and the other constituents were well separated on TLC detected under the UV light (254 nm). The methodology validation for the assay of vitexin and isovitexin presented that they were in good linear correlation in the ranges of 6.12-98 mg x L(-1) and 6.85-109.6 mg x L(-1), with the regression equations of Y = 46.213X - 7.100 (r = 1.000) and Y = 54.515X + 6.829 (r = 1.000), and the average recoveries were 98.2% (RSD 1.9%) and 97.2% (RSD 0.79%), respectively. The content ranges of vitexin and isovitexin from 25 different batches of V. radiata were 1.076-2.062 mg x g(1) and 1.127-2.303 mg x g(-1), respectively. suggesting that the qualities of V. radiata are relatively stable. The ethanol-soluble extractives, water content and total ash of 25 samples varied in the ranges of 13.27% - 18.46%, 9.59% - 12.43% and 2.63% - 3.53%, respectively. All of the above data proved that the established quality of control method V. radiata is specific and accurate, which can be used for the quality control of this drug. PMID:24754176

Li, Yan-Rong; Zou, Ping-Ping; Jiang, Yong; Tu, Peng-Fei

2014-01-01

104

A technique for standardization and quality control of subjective sperm motility assessments in semen analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To establish a quality control method to monitor and eventually to standardize the subjective assessment of sperm motility in conventional semen analysis.Design: Quality control study running over 2 years.Setting: University infertility clinic and andrology laboratory.Patient(s): Randomly chosen patients attending the clinic.Main Outcome Measure(s): Conventional semen analysis with sperm motility assessed by grading according to the World Health Organization (WHO)

Ching-Hei Yeung; Trevor G. Cooper; Eberhard Nieschlag

1997-01-01

105

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

106

Rapid Color Grading for Fruit Quality Evaluation Using Direct Color Mapping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Color grading is a crucial step in the processing of fruits and vegetables that directly affects profitability, because the quality of agricultural products is often associated with their color. Most existing automatic color grading systems determine color quality either by directly comparing product color against a predefined and fixed set of reference colors or by using a set of color

Dah-Jye Lee; James K. Archibald; Guangming Xiong

2011-01-01

107

Data Analysis and Statistics in Middle Grades: An Analysis of Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study reported herein was to identify the important aspects of statistical knowledge that students in the middle school grades in United States are expected to learn as well as what the teachers are expected to teach. A systematic study of 49 states standards and one set of national standards was used to identify these important…

Sorto, M. Alejandra

2011-01-01

108

The Impact of Grading Standards on Student Achievement, Educational Attainment, and Entry-Level Earnings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the High School and Beyond survey, estimates the effects of grading standards on student achievement, educational attainment, and entry-level earnings. Finds that higher standards raise test scores throughout the distribution of achievement, but have no positive effect on educational attainment--in fact have negative effects on…

Betts, Julian R.; Grogger, Jeff

2003-01-01

109

Reevaluation of grading standards and discounts for fungus-damaged soybean seeds  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proportion of off-colored seed is a primary quality-rating factor that influences the market grade of soybean,Glycine max L. Merrill. Off-colors, attributed to biological agents such as fungi and viruses, are visual characteristics that arbitrarily\\u000a result in lower grade ratings when soybeans show more than ten percent discoloration. These damaged seeds may be further classified\\u000a under current United States Department

James B. Sinclair

1995-01-01

110

[GRADE guidelines: 6. Rating the quality of evidence: imprecision].  

PubMed

GRADE suggests that examination of 95% confidence intervals (CIs) provides the optimal primary approach to decisions regarding imprecision. For practice guidelines, rating down the quality of evidence (i.e., confidence in estimates of effect) is required when clinical action would differ if the upper versus the lower boundary of the CI represented the truth. An exception to this rule occurs when an effect is large, and consideration of CIs alone suggests a robust effect, but the total sample size is not large and the number of events is small. Under these circumstances, one should consider rating down for imprecision. To inform this decision, one can calculate the number of patients required for an adequately powered individual trial (termed the "optimal information size" or OIS). For continuous variables, we suggest a similar process, initially considering the upper and lower limits of the CI, and subsequently calculating an OIS. Systematic reviews require a somewhat different approach. If the 95% CI excludes a relative risk (RR) of 1.0 and the total number of events or patients exceeds the OIS criterion, precision is adequate. If the 95% CI includes appreciable benefit or harm (we suggest a RR of under 0.75 or over 1.25 as a rough guide) rating down for imprecision may be appropriate even if OIS criteria are met. PMID:23200212

Kulig, Michael; Perleth, Matthias; Langer, Gero; Meerpohl, Joerg J; Gartlehner, Gerald; Kaminski-Hartenthaler, Angela; Schünemann, Holger J

2012-01-01

111

Putting Standards into Practice: Evaluating the Utility of the NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their importance, there has been surprisingly little scholarly examination of the "NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards" (NAGC, 2008/2000; Landrum, Callahan, & Shaklee, 2001) since their publication a decade ago. As part of a larger study investigating the effectiveness of local policies developed within the framework of state law,…

Matthews, Michael S.; Shaunessy, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

112

Easy as 1, 2, 3: Exploring the Implementation of Standards-Based Grading in Wake County Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wake County Public School System's (WCPSS) 102 elementary schools have implemented standards-based grading. This grading practice is aligned with North Carolina's Student Accountability Standards and the WCPSS Promotion/Intervention policy. Standards-based report cards were designed to reflect student mastery of state standards and provide an…

Paeplow, Colleen Graham

2011-01-01

113

NHD INDEXED LOCATIONS FOR WATER QUALITY STANDARDS (WQS)  

EPA Science Inventory

State (also includes DC, tribes, and territories; i.e., "jurisdictions") Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. The Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses are able to be linked to tables of water quality criteria w...

114

SURVEY OF INDOOR AIR QUALITY HEALTH CRITERIA AND STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report is a survey of the state-of-the-art of the scientific studies on indoor air quality criteria and standards. The principal subject is the indoor nonworkplace environment. Indoor air quality standards are classified into three types: (1) maximum allowable air quality sta...

115

BASIS FOR PRIMARY AIR QUALITY CRITERIA AND STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office and the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards are charged with responsibility for reviewing and assessing air quality criteria and air quality standards, respectively. Since adoption of the 1977 Clean Air Act Amendments, the...

116

49 CFR 575.104 - Uniform tire quality grading standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...signs is placed in a fixed order at follows: Sign Legend Highway Intersection 1000 (or 2000) Feet STOP AHEAD Junction XXX Direction Sign (Meretaâ) STOP or YIELD Procedures. 1. Approach each intersection at posted speed limit....

2013-10-01

117

49 CFR 575.104 - Uniform tire quality grading standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...rim having a width within ?0 to +0.50 inches of the width listed. (2...f)(2)(vii) of this section of 0.50 ±0.10 for the asphalt and 0.35...rim having a width within ?0 to +0.50 inches of the width listed. Then...

2011-10-01

118

49 CFR 575.104 - Uniform tire quality grading standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...rim having a width within ?0 to +0.50 inches of the width listed. (2...f)(2)(vii) of this section of 0.50 ±0.10 for the asphalt and 0.35...rim having a width within ?0 to +0.50 inches of the width listed. Then...

2012-10-01

119

The Case against Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decades of research shows that grades diminish students' interest in whatever they're learning, discourage students from taking academic risks, and reduce the quality of students' thinking, writes Kohn. Contrary to what many people assume, grades are not necessary to promote achievement. Attempts to "improve" grading--such as standards-based…

Kohn, Alfie

2011-01-01

120

40 CFR 130.3 - Water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 23 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Water quality standards. 130.3 Section 130.3 ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT § 130.3...

2013-07-01

121

40 CFR 130.3 - Water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Environment 22 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Water quality standards. 130.3 Section 130.3 ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT § 130.3...

2011-07-01

122

40 CFR 130.3 - Water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Water quality standards. 130.3 Section 130.3 ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT § 130.3...

2010-07-01

123

40 CFR 130.3 - Water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Environment 23 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Water quality standards. 130.3 Section 130.3 ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT § 130.3...

2012-07-01

124

24 CFR 983.101 - Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...housing quality standards for PBV housing. However, the PHA may elect to establish additional requirements for quality, architecture, or design of PBV housing, and any such additional requirements must be specified in the...

2013-04-01

125

International Quality Standards in College. AIR 1989 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to examine the application of quality standards developed by the International Standards Organization (ISO) to colleges in England and Wales. The British Standards Institution (BSI) has applied these standards to service industries, thus providing a framework for case studies in colleges. Six colleges in England and Wales…

Johnson, F. Craig; Birch, Derek W.

126

Organizational, technical, physical and clinical quality standards for radiotherapy  

PubMed Central

Background Indisputably, radiotherapy has become an entirely interdisciplinary specialty. This situation requires efficient planning, verification, monitoring, quality control and constant improvement of all aspects of service delivery, referring both to patients’ (including diagnosis, prescription and method of treatment, its justification, realization and follow up) and organizational, technical and physics matters. Aim The aim of this work was to develop technical, physics and clinical quality standards for radiotherapy. This paper presents chosen standards for each of the aforementioned category. Materials and methods For the development of quality standards the comparison analysis of EU and Polish acts of law passed between 1980 and 2010 was conducted, the universal industrial ISO norm 9001:2008 referring to quality management system was reviewed. Recommendations of this norm were completed with detailed quality standards based on the author's 11 year work experience and the review of articles on quality assurance and quality control standards for radiotherapy published between 1984 and 2009 and the review of current recommendations and guidelines of American, International, European and National bodies (associations, societies, agencies such as AAPM, ESTRO, IAEA, and OECI) for quality assurance and quality management in radiotherapy. Results As a result 352 quality standards for radiotherapy were developed and categorized into the following three groups: (1) organizational standards, (2) physics and technical standards and (3) clinical standards. Conclusions Proposed quality standards for radiotherapy, can be used by any institution using ionizing radiation for medical procedures. Nevertheless standards are only of value if they are implemented, reviewed, audited and improved and if there is a clear mechanism in place to monitor and address failure to meet agreed standards.

Bogusz-Czerniewicz, Marta; Kazmierczak, Daniel

2012-01-01

127

Virginia Standards of Learning (Grades 6 through 12) That Are Covered When Students Attend Live Performances of Shakespeare's Plays.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Standards of Learning for grades 6-12 students in Virginia that are covered when they attend live performances of William Shakespeare's plays. The paper details separate standards for each grade in English, subdivided into standards which fulfill requirements in Oral Language, Reading/Literature, Writing, and Research, along…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

128

Grading Standards and Student Performance in Community College and University Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was undertaken to determine whether comparable grading standards are used in evaluating student performance at two-year community colleges and four-year universities. Examination of academic records of 417 students who took college level math at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in fall 2009 compared the performance of those who…

Friedl, John; Pittenger, David J.; Sherman, Michael

2012-01-01

129

Implementation of Standards-Based Grading at the Middle School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to learn about the experiences of teachers as they transition from traditional grading practices to standards-based reporting (SBR). In order to achieve this overall objective, the following research questions framed this qualitative study: (1) What understandings related to practices do middle school teachers have as…

Urich, Laura Jill

2012-01-01

130

Teaching the Common Core Math Standards with Hands-On Activities, Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The new Common Core State Standards for Mathematics have been formulated to provide students with instruction that will help them acquire a thorough knowledge of math at their grade level, which will in turn enable them to move on to higher mathematics with competence and confidence. "Hands-on Activities for Teaching the Common Core Math…

Muschla, Judith A.; Muschla, Gary Robert; Muschla, Erin

2012-01-01

131

8th Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 8. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

132

3rd Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 3. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

133

5th Grade Student Guide for Arizona's Instrument To Measure Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to give the student helpful information about Arizona's Instrument To Measure the Standards (AIMS) for grade 5. The guide provides examples of the type of questions students see on AIMS and explains how items are scored. It does not teach what the student needs to know to do well on AIMS, but it will help the student know…

Arizona State Dept. of Education, Phoenix.

134

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

135

Arizona?s Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

136

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well students know the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the sixth grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

137

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing, and mathematics content that all Arizona students in the student's grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS DPA includes…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

138

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide. Grade 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is a combination of two separate tests. One test is AIMS, which measures how well the student knows the reading, writing , and mathematics content that all Arizona students at the third grade level are expected to know and be able to do. AIMS includes multiple-choice…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

139

Development and Standardization of Instruments Measuring Four Aspects of Sex-Roles in Primary Grade Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two instruments were developed and standardized on first-, second-, and third-grade boys and girls. The Toy Preference Test (TPT) measures sex-role preference, and/or Stereotypic Sex-Role Concepts of masculinity (SRCm) and femininity (SCRf), depending upon the instructions used for administration. The Rating Scale for Children (RSC) taps sex-role…

Newman, Robert C., II

1977-01-01

140

Using Picture Books to Teach Language Arts Standards in Grades 3-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual of ideas zeroes in on current picture book titles. It features reproducible worksheets, writing activities, related reading-based activities, and technology for grades three through five. The ideas have been tested in the authors' libraries and are linked to national curricular standards. Designed for school librarians, the book is…

Copeland, Brenda S.; Messner, Patricia A.

2006-01-01

141

Setting Quality Standards for Web-Based Continuing Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing medical education (CME) on the Internet has grown steadily over the past several years. However, the quality of Web-based CME has received limited attention in the medical literature, and there have been few attempts to articulate quality standards. This article describes five sets of standards published in the distance education…

Olson, Curtis A.; Shershneva, Marianna B.

2004-01-01

142

Standards of Quality: Accreditation Guidelines Redesigned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To ensure optimal standards for AAFCS program accreditation, the Council for Accreditation (CFA) conducted a review and revision of the "2001 AAFCS Standards for Accreditation." The CFA took a three-pronged approach including (a) a review of academic accreditations that had relationships to the FCS disciplines, (b) concept, content, and process…

Forsythe, Hazel; Andrews, Frances; Stanley, M. Sue; Anderson, Carol L.

2011-01-01

143

Introduction to Problem Solving, Grades 6-8 [with CD-ROM]. The Math Process Standards, Grades 6-8 Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) Process Standards support teaching that helps students develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every middle grades math teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. The series offers friendly,…

Schackow, Joy Bronston; O'Connell, Susan

2008-01-01

144

Setting the Standards for Sessional Staff: Quality Learning and Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the Australian Higher Education sector a focus on quality is driving a new paradigm for learning and teaching: quality standards. One challenge is to engage all academics with this progress towards systematic quality enhancement and assurance. Sessional staff, who provide most of the face-to-face teaching in Australian universities, remain…

Harvey, Marina

2013-01-01

145

FDA's Standards for High Quality Foods  

MedlinePLUS

... the minimum levels of valuable constituents and the manufacturing process. The standards for canned cherries, for example, ... emerging in the mid-1950s, when advances in manufacturing technology made possible the introduction of refrigerated, frozen ...

146

Cross-national adoption of private food quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retailer initiated food quality standards are important elements to market food and agricultural products. However, farmers’ certification proceeds at an unequal speed worldwide with some countries representing a large number of certified producers and others representing very few, if any. This study aims at analysing the adoption of two private food standards, BRC Food Technical Standard and GlobalGAP, at an

Thomas Herzfeld; Larissa S. Drescher; Carola Grebitus

2011-01-01

147

Water Quality Standards for Coral Reef Protection  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Clean Water Act provides a legal framework to protect coastal biological resources such as coral reefs, mangrove forests, and seagrass meadows from the damaging effects of human activities. Even though many resources are protected under this authority, water quality stan...

148

Quality, Standards and Accountability in ESL Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of issues related to accountability in adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) programs looks at ways in which current quality and accountability measures address the real issues of adult immigrant education. First, the strengths and weaknesses of accountability schema that have been developed in other education contexts are…

Clymer-Spradling, Carol

149

American Shipbuilding Quality Standards. Volume 3. Coatings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To achieve success in ship construction, it is necessary for the ship owner and the ship builder to agree on the level of quality in the final product. Classification rules, regulatory requirements, and ship specifications all help to define an acceptable...

1999-01-01

150

Quality Distribution of Pallet Parts from Low-Grade Lumber.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More efficient use can be made of pallet material if high-quality parts are used in exposed or outside locations. An assessment of pallet-part quality showed that selective placement of parts can be achieved utilizing existing raw material mixes.

H. R. Large R. E. Frost

1973-01-01

151

Graded Delaunay Decoupling Method for Parallel Guaranteed Quality Planar Mesh Generation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a method for creating large 2D graded, guaranteed quality, Delaunay meshes on parallel machines. The method decouples the mesh generation procedure for each subdo- main, and thus eliminates the communication between processors, while the final mesh is of guar- anteed quality. This work extents our previous result on the uniform Delaunay Decoupling method (19), by allowing the element

Leonidas Linardakis; Nikos Chrisochoides

2008-01-01

152

Do Standards Matter? How the Quality of State Standards Relate to Evolution Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses biology instruction focusing on evolution-related policies and state guidelines. Reports on teacher preferences for teaching either creationism or evolution in science classes and compares these results between states based on grade level and how they treat evolution in their educational standards. (Contains 26 references.) (YDS)

Moore, Randy

2002-01-01

153

Electronic nose based tea quality standardization.  

PubMed

In this paper we have used a metal oxide sensor (MOS) based electronic nose (EN) to analyze five tea samples with different qualities, namely, drier month, drier month again over-fired, well fermented normal fired in oven, well fermented overfired in oven, and under fermented normal fired in oven. The flavour of tea is determined mainly by its taste and smell, which is generated by hundreds of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Non-Volatile Organic Compounds present in tea. These VOCs are present in different ratios and determine the quality of the tea. For example Assamica (Sri Lanka and Assam Tea) and Assamica Sinesis (Darjeeling and Japanese Tea) are two different species of tea giving different flavour notes. Tea flavour is traditionally measured through the use of a combination of conventional analytical instrumentation and human or ganoleptic profiling panels. These methods are expensive in terms of time and labour and also inaccurate because of a lack of either sensitivity or quantitative information. In this paper an investigation has been made to determine the flavours of different tea samples using an EN and to explore the possibility of replacing existing analytical and profiling panel methods. The technique uses an array of 4 MOSs, each of, which has an electrical resistance that has partial sensitivity to the headspace of tea. The signals from the sensor array are then conditioned by suitable interface circuitry. The data were processed using Principal Components Analysis (PCA), Fuzzy C Means algorithm (FCM). We also explored the use of a Self-Organizing Map (SOM) method along with a Radial Basis Function network (RBF) and a Probabilistic Neural Network classifier. Using FCM and SOM feature extraction techniques along with RBF neural network we achieved 100% correct classification for the five different tea samples with different qualities. These results prove that our EN is capable of discriminating between the flavours of teas manufactured under different processing conditions, viz. over-fermented, over-fired, under fermented, etc. PMID:12850043

Dutta, Ritaban; Kashwan, K R; Bhuyan, M; Hines, E L; Gardner, J W

2003-01-01

154

Quality Tests of Some New and Standard Potato Varieties.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the period 1956-1968 262 samples of 117 varieties of potato were tested for culinary quality; successful established varieties were used as reference standards. The potatoes were provided by State departments of agriculture who, season by season, sel...

D. M. McBean G. G. Coote E. M. Christie

1973-01-01

155

24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing...

2013-04-01

156

Quality in Learning Objects: Evaluating Compliance with Metadata Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ensuring a certain level of quality of learning objects used in e-learning is crucial to increase the chances of success of automated systems in recommending or finding these resources. This paper aims to present a proposal for implementation of a quality model for learning objects based on ISO 9126 international standard for the evaluation of software quality. Features indicators associated with the conformance sub-characteristic are defined. Some instruments for feature evaluation are advised, which allow collecting expert opinion on evaluation items. Other quality model features are evaluated using only the information from its metadata using semantic web technologies. Finally, we propose an ontology-based application that allows automatic evaluation of a quality feature. IEEE LOM metadata standard was used in experimentation, and the results shown that most of learning objects analyzed do not complain the standard.

Vidal, C. Christian; Segura, N. Alejandra; Campos, S. Pedro; Sánchez-Alonso, Salvador

157

DOE standard: Quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters  

SciTech Connect

This standard establishes essential elements for the quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters by US Department of Energy (DOE)-accepted Filter Test Facilities (FTF). The standard specifies HEPA filter quality assurance inspection and testing practices established in DOE-STD-3022-98, DOE HEPA Filter Test Program, and provides a basis for the preparation of written operating procedures for primary FTF functions.

NONE

1999-02-01

158

Optimal control strategies for air quality standards and regulatory policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The setting of air quality standards for classes of air pollution in a region is one approach to the protection of public health and welfare by defining limits on levels of pollution in the air.

We present methods to determine regional emission regulations that are (1) feasible in the sense that they lead to compliance with air quality standards and

W L Gorr; S-Å Gustafson; K O Kortanek

1972-01-01

159

Mathematics Reform and Teacher Quality in Elementary Grades: Assessments, Teacher Licensure, and Certification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyzed the gap in mathematics standards, assessments and accountability, and teacher licensure and certification requirements in mathematics for elementary grades. We found states delineated mathematics academic standards in specific content areas. Licensure and certification requirements were weak indicators since they lacked the specificity…

Georges, Annie; Borman, Kathryn M.; Lee, Reginald S.

2010-01-01

160

ISO 20462: a psychophysical image quality measurement standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ISO 20462, a three-part standard entitled "Psychophysical experimental methods to estimate image quality," is being developed by WG18 (Electronic Still Picture Imaging) of TC42 (Photography). As of late 2003, all three parts were in the Draft International Standard (DIS) ballot stage, with publication likely during 2004. This standard describes two novel perceptual methods, the triplet comparison technique and the quality ruler, that yield results calibrated in just noticeable differences (JNDs). Part 1, "Overview of psychophysical elements," discusses specifications regarding observers, test stimuli, instructions, viewing conditions, data analysis, and reporting of results. Part 2, "Triplet comparison method," describes a technique involving simultaneous five-point scaling of sets of three stimuli at a time, arranged so that all possible pairs of stimuli are compared exactly once. Part 3, "Quality ruler method," describes a real-time technique optimized for obtaining assessments over a wider range of image quality. A single ruler is a series of ordered reference stimuli depicting a common scene but differing in a single perceptual attribute. Methods for generating quality ruler stimuli of known JND separation through modulation transfer function (MTF) variation are provided. Part 3 also defines a unique absolute Standard Quality Scale (SQS) of quality with one unit equal to one JND. Standard Reference Stimuli (SRS) prints calibrated against this new scale will be made available through the International Imaging Industry Association.

Keelan, Brian W.; Urabe, Hitoshi

2003-12-01

161

National Standards for Quality Online Courses: Version 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL) is to ensure all students have access to world-class education and quality online learning opportunities that prepare them for a lifetime of success. "National Standards for Quality Online Courses" is designed to provide states, districts, online programs, and other…

International Association for K-12 Online Learning, 2011

2011-01-01

162

Economic Welfare and Quality Standards: An Empirical Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality measures, effecting external or internal markets; large or small, has an impact on trade. The Sanitary and Phytosanitary measure was introduced to avert the impact on trade and provide a harmonised system of quality standards. However, disease, health and safety impacts, which lead to the destruction or harm of raw material, play a part in the cost of high

Ceyhun Elci

163

Graded Approach to Application of Quality Assurance Controls at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents Washington TRU Solution's LLC (WTS) reengineering initiative for the application of graded approach at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), which is a non-reactor nuclear facility used for permanent disposal of transuranic (TRU) waste. In the early 1990s, the “graded approach” concept to the application of quality assurance (QA) controls was institutionalized.

E. L. Ater; A. E. Strait

2006-01-01

164

Asbestos: Rationale Behind a Proposed Air Quality Standard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes an asbestos air quality standard for Connecticut lower than proposed Federal regulation. Data are given relating mesothelioma incidence to occupational and non-occupational asbestos exposure. New standards lower asbestos emissions from manufacturing operations thus reducing possible asbestos-related fatalities. Rebuttals and…

Bruckman, Leonard; Rubino, Robert A.

1975-01-01

165

40 CFR 35.2111 - Revised water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

After December 29, 1984, no grant can be awarded for projects that discharge into stream segments which have not, at least once since December 29, 1981, had their water quality standards reviewed and revised or new standards adopted, as appropriate, under section 303(c) of the Act,...

2013-07-01

166

Quality standard implementation in the Thai seafood processing industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The key findings on implementing ISO 9000 standard in the seafood industry, which is recognized as the leading export industry in Thailand, have been presented. The purpose of this study was to describe the current situation in ISO 9000 implementation, the characteristics, the strengths, the weaknesses, and problems of implementing a quality standard. Reports the finding of a mail questionnaire

Kaewta Rohitratana; Sakun Boon-itt

2001-01-01

167

ASHRAE STANDARD 62: VENTILATION FOR ACCEPTABLE INDOOR AIR QUALITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper highlights some of the key features of the design procedures in ASHRAE Standard 62 (Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality) and summarizes the status of the related review process. he Standard contains design procedures and guidelines for ventilation rates in "al...

168

Application of imaging and ultrasound to the quality grading of beef  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a study conducted to assist the Department of Agriculture in the task of considering innovative methods for the grading of carcass beef for human consumption is presented. The processing of photographic, television and ultrasound images of the longissimus dorsi muscle at the 12/13th rib cut was undertaken. The results showed that a correlation could be developed between the quality grade of the carcass as determined by a professional grader, and the fat to area ratio of the muscle as determined by image processing techniques. In addition, the use of ultrasound shows the potential for grading of an unsliced carcass or a live animal.

Anselmo, V. J.; Gammell, P. M.

1980-01-01

169

ISO 9000 quality standards: a model for blood banking?  

PubMed

The recent American Association of Blood Banks publications Quality Program and Quality Systems in the Blood Bank and Laboratory Environment, the FDA's draft guidelines, and recent changes in the GMP regulations all discuss the benefits of implementing quality systems in blood center and/or manufacturing operations. While the medical device GMPs in the United States have been rewritten to accommodate a quality system approach similar to ISO 9000, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research of the FDA is also beginning to make moves toward adopting "quality systems audits" as an inspection process rather than using the historical approach of record reviews. The approach is one of prevention of errors rather than detection after the fact (Tourault MA, oral communication, November 1994). The ISO 9000 series of standards is a quality system that has worldwide scope and can be applied in any industry or service. The use of such international standards in blood banking should raise the level of quality within an organization, among organizations on a regional level, within a country, and among nations on a worldwide basis. Whether an organization wishes to become registered to a voluntary standard or not, the use of such standards to become ISO 9000-compliant would be a move in the right direction and would be a positive sign to the regulatory authorities and the public that blood banking is making a visible effort to implement world-class quality systems in its operations. Implementation of quality system standards such as the ISO 9000 series will provide an organized approach for blood banks and blood bank testing operations. With the continued trend toward consolidation and mergers, resulting in larger operational units with more complexity, quality systems will become even more important as the industry moves into the future.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7770906

Nevalainen, D E; Lloyd, H L

1995-06-01

170

Exemplary Science in Grades PreK-4: Standards-Based Success Stories (e-Book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since their release in 1996, the National Science Education Standards have provided the vision for science education reform. But has that reform actually taken hold in elementary school? "Yes!," reports Robert Yager, editor of Exemplary Science in Grades PreK-4: Standards-Based Success Stories. "Probably the Standards have done more to change science in elementary schools than has occurred at the other grade levels." Evidence of change is apparent in this fourth volume of the Exemplary Science monograph series, an essay collection featuring educators in PreK-4 describing programs they've developed to fulfill the Standards' More Emphasis guidelines. The 14 programs are real-life examples you can learn from in carrying out reforms in teaching, assessment, professional development, and content. Among the topics covered: "Adapting Science Curricula in the Kindergarten Classroom," "Building on the Natural Wonder Inherent in Us All," "Guiding Students in Active and Extended Scientific Inquiry," "Active, Integrated Inquiry in an Afterschool Setting," and "Thinking Outside the Box: No Child Left Inside!" As Yager writes in the book's introduction, "The 14 exemplary programs can be seen as models for other teachers--not just to copy, but as ways of approaching science and encouraging their students to do more of what they like... When both teachers and students are enthused, curious, and involved, science becomes central to the lives of students and others in the community and can tie the whole school experience together.

2006-01-01

171

The case for regime-based water quality standards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Conventional water quality standards have been successful in reducing the concentration of toxic substances in US waters. However, conventional standards are based on simple thresholds and are therefore poorly structured to address human-caused imbalances in dynamic, natural water quality parameters, such as nutrients, sediment, and temperature. A more applicable type of water quality standarda??a a??regime standarda??a??would describe desirable distributions of conditions over space and time within a stream network. By mandating the protection and restoration of the aquatic ecosystem dynamics that are required to support beneficial uses in streams, well-designed regime standards would facilitate more effective strategies for management of natural water quality parameters.

Poole, Geoffrey C.; Dunham, J. B.; Keenan, D. M.; Sauter, S. T.; McCullough, D. A.; Mebane, Christopher; Lockwood, Jeffrey C.; Essig, Don A.; Hicks, Mark P.; Sturdevant, Debra J.; Materna, E. J.; Spalding, M.; Risley, John; Deppman, Marianne

2004-01-01

172

A standard for measuring metadata quality in spectral libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A standard for measuring metadata quality in spectral libraries Barbara Rasaiah, Simon Jones, Chris Bellman RMIT University Melbourne, Australia barbara.rasaiah@rmit.edu.au, simon.jones@rmit.edu.au, chris.bellman@rmit.edu.au ABSTRACT There is an urgent need within the international remote sensing community to establish a metadata standard for field spectroscopy that ensures high quality, interoperable metadata sets that can be archived and shared efficiently within Earth observation data sharing systems. Metadata are an important component in the cataloguing and analysis of in situ spectroscopy datasets because of their central role in identifying and quantifying the quality and reliability of spectral data and the products derived from them. This paper presents approaches to measuring metadata completeness and quality in spectral libraries to determine reliability, interoperability, and re-useability of a dataset. Explored are quality parameters that meet the unique requirements of in situ spectroscopy datasets, across many campaigns. Examined are the challenges presented by ensuring that data creators, owners, and data users ensure a high level of data integrity throughout the lifecycle of a dataset. Issues such as field measurement methods, instrument calibration, and data representativeness are investigated. The proposed metadata standard incorporates expert recommendations that include metadata protocols critical to all campaigns, and those that are restricted to campaigns for specific target measurements. The implication of semantics and syntax for a robust and flexible metadata standard are also considered. Approaches towards an operational and logistically viable implementation of a quality standard are discussed. This paper also proposes a way forward for adapting and enhancing current geospatial metadata standards to the unique requirements of field spectroscopy metadata quality. [0430] BIOGEOSCIENCES / Computational methods and data processing [0480] BIOGEOSCIENCES / Remote sensing [1904] INFORMATICS / Community standards [1912] INFORMATICS / Data management, preservation, rescue [1926] INFORMATICS / Geospatial [1930] INFORMATICS / Data and information governance [1946] INFORMATICS / Metadata [1952] INFORMATICS / Modeling [1976] INFORMATICS / Software tools and services [9810] GENERAL OR MISCELLANEOUS / New fields

Rasaiah, B.; Jones, S. D.; Bellman, C.

2013-12-01

173

The Relationship between Grade Configuration and Standardized Science Test Scores of Fifth-Grade Students: What School Administrators Should Know  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized a causal comparative (ex post facto) design to determine if a consistent relationship existed between fifth-grade students' success on the Science Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) at the elementary (K-5) level in comparison to fifth-grade students' success on the science TAKS at the intermediate (5-6)…

Johnson, Delonda; Jones, Lisa; Simieou, Felix; Matthew, Kathryn; Morgan, Bryan

2013-01-01

174

Dissimilarities in Grade-Equivalent Scores on Different Standardized Tests of Achievement: A Threat to Criterion-Related Validity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five standardized tests of reading achievement were administered to community college freshmen. Students took two different tests on consecutive days. Grade-equivalent scores on tests were compared. Differences were found between tests based on the number of students who reached the criterion score of grade-equivalent 11 or 12. (Author/CTM)

Weiner, Max; Zibrin, Mara

1979-01-01

175

What Do the California Standards Test Results Reveal about the Movement toward Eighth-Grade Algebra for All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In California, an increasing number of 8th graders have taken algebra courses since 2003. This study examines students' California Standards Test (CST) results in grades 7 through 11, aiming to reveal who took the CST for Algebra I in 8th grade and whether the increase has led to a rise in students' taking higher-level mathematics CSTs and an…

Liang, Jian-Hua; Heckman, Paul E.; Abedi, Jamal

2012-01-01

176

78 FR 20252 - Water Quality Standards; Withdrawal of Certain Federal Water Quality Criteria Applicable to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OW-2012-0095; FRL-9795-8] RIN 2040-AF33 Water Quality Standards; Withdrawal of Certain Federal Water Quality Criteria Applicable to California...withdraw certain human health and aquatic life water quality criteria applicable to waters of...

2013-04-04

177

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection of Environment ...AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary...

2010-07-01

178

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section 50.12 Protection of Environment ...AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) National primary...

2009-07-01

179

38 CFR 17.155 - Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. 17.155 Section 17...standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. (a) The Under Secretary...minimum standards of safety and quality for adaptive equipment provided under 38...

2013-07-01

180

40 CFR 131.6 - Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. 131.6...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions § 131.6 Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. The...

2013-07-01

181

Making the Grade: How Boards Can Ensure Academic Quality. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Making the Grade: How Boards Can Ensure Academic Quality"--popularly referred to as "The Little Yellow Book" by boards, faculty, provosts, and assessment specialists--provides clear guidance for the board's role in the most important "business" of academe: educating students. As public calls for greater accountability skyrocket, this new edition…

Ewell, Peter

2012-01-01

182

Teacher-Student Relationship Quality Type in Elementary Grades: Effects on Trajectories for Achievement and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher, peer, and student reports of the quality of the teacher-student relationship were obtained for an ethnically diverse and academically at-risk sample of 706 second- and third-grade students. Cluster analysis identified four types of relationships based on the consistency of child reports of support and conflict in the relationship with…

Wu, Jiun-Yu; Hughes, Jan N.; Kwok, Oi-Man

2010-01-01

183

The relationship between standards-based reporting systems and third-grade mathematics and science achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the last decade, accountability has been the driving force for many changes in education in the United States. One major educational reform effort is the standards-based movement with a focus of combining a number of processes that involve aligning curriculum, instruction, assessment and feedback to specific standards that are measureable and indicative of student achievement. The purpose of this study is to determine if the type of report card is a possible predictor of third grade student achievement on standardized tests in mathematics and science for the 2012 Criterion-Referenced Competency Test (CRCT). The results of this study concluded that the difference in test scores in mathematics and science for students in the traditional report card group was not statistically significant when compared to the scores of students in the standards-based report card group when controlling for poverty level, school locale, and school district. However, students in the traditional report card group scored an average of 1.01 point higher in mathematics and 2.27 points higher in science than students in the standards-based report card group.

Prejean-Harris, Rose M.

184

38 CFR 17.155 - Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. ...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training... Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive...

2009-07-01

185

38 CFR 17.155 - Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. ...VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Automotive Equipment and Driver Training... Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive...

2010-07-01

186

DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR AIR QUALITY MONITORING AND CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents a description of the activities and accomplishments of the American Society for Testing and Materials' U. S. Technical Advisory Group (TAG) to the International Standards Organization's Technical Committee 146 on Air Quality. The purpose of the TAG is to re...

187

Crosswalks and Quality: Linking Math Language and CTE Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of math standards within career paths is an important one, as it can indicate whether career and technical education (CTE) students are receiving a rigorous academic and technical curriculum. This is especially important as the CTE field has expanded to include technology and pre-engineering (often called STEM fields) as well as more…

Often, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

188

Russian Higher Education and European Standards of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the relevance and implementation of European approaches to quality assurance in the context of the Russian educational system. It covers the issues of transformation of the higher education system during the post-Soviet period, specific features of the state accreditation system, the impact of the European Standards and…

Motova, Galina; Pykko, Ritta

2012-01-01

189

Quality and Standards in UK Universities: A Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

UK universities are widely regarded as being among the best in the world. Maintaining the highest academic quality and standards is crucial to that reputation. This leaflet explains how universities ensure that students can have confidence that the time and money they invest in their education are well spent. This leaflet summarises the detailed…

Universities UK, 2008

2008-01-01

190

COMPOSITION OF STINGLESS BEE HONEY: SETTING QUALITY STANDARDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Compositional data from 152 stingless bee (Meliponini) honey samples were compiled from studies since 1964, and evaluated to propose a quality standard for this product. Since stingless bee honey has a different composition than Apis mellifera hon- ey, some physicochemical parameters are presented according to stingless bee species. The entomological origin of the honey was known for 17 species

BRUNO SOUZA; DAVID ROUBIK; ORTRUD BARTH; TIM HEARD; EUNICE ENRÍQUEZ; CARLOS CARVALHO; LUIS MARCHINI; JEAN LOCATELLI; LIVIA PERSANO-ODDO; LIGIA ALMEIDA-MURADIAN; STEFAN BOGDANOV; PATRICIA VIT

2006-01-01

191

Langley Wind Tunnel Data Quality Assurance-Check Standard Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A framework for statistical evaluation, control and improvement of wind funnel measurement processes is presented The methodology is adapted from elements of the Measurement Assurance Plans developed by the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology) for standards and calibration laboratories. The present methodology is based on the notions of statistical quality control (SQC) together with check standard testing and a small number of customer repeat-run sets. The results of check standard and customer repeat-run -sets are analyzed using the statistical control chart-methods of Walter A. Shewhart long familiar to the SQC community. Control chart results are presented for. various measurement processes in five facilities at Langley Research Center. The processes include test section calibration, force and moment measurements with a balance, and instrument calibration.

Hemsch, Michael J.; Grubb, John P.; Krieger, William B.; Cler, Daniel L.

2000-01-01

192

Clean Water Act, Water Quality Criteria\\/Standards, TMDLs, and Weight-of-Evidence Approach for Regulating Water Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clean Water Act (PL 92-500, the 1972 Amendments to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act) established a water quality standards-based approach for regulating water quality. The US EPA was to develop national water quality criteria to be used as a basis for state water quality standards. Those standards are the legally enforceable limits that are to be used to

G. Fred Lee; Anne Jones-Lee

193

Ambient assisted living healthcare frameworks, platforms, standards, and quality attributes.  

PubMed

Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) is an emerging multi-disciplinary field aiming at exploiting information and communication technologies in personal healthcare and telehealth systems for countering the effects of growing elderly population. AAL systems are developed for personalized, adaptive, and anticipatory requirements, necessitating high quality-of-service to achieve interoperability, usability, security, and accuracy. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the AAL field with a focus on healthcare frameworks, platforms, standards, and quality attributes. To achieve this, we conducted a literature survey of state-of-the-art AAL frameworks, systems and platforms to identify the essential aspects of AAL systems and investigate the critical issues from the design, technology, quality-of-service, and user experience perspectives. In addition, we conducted an email-based survey for collecting usage data and current status of contemporary AAL systems. We found that most AAL systems are confined to a limited set of features ignoring many of the essential AAL system aspects. Standards and technologies are used in a limited and isolated manner, while quality attributes are often addressed insufficiently. In conclusion, we found that more inter-organizational collaboration, user-centered studies, increased standardization efforts, and a focus on open systems is needed to achieve more interoperable and synergetic AAL solutions. PMID:24599192

Memon, Mukhtiar; Wagner, Stefan Rahr; Pedersen, Christian Fischer; Beevi, Femina Hassan Aysha; Hansen, Finn Overgaard

2014-01-01

194

Ambient Assisted Living Healthcare Frameworks, Platforms, Standards, and Quality Attributes  

PubMed Central

Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) is an emerging multi-disciplinary field aiming at exploiting information and communication technologies in personal healthcare and telehealth systems for countering the effects of growing elderly population. AAL systems are developed for personalized, adaptive, and anticipatory requirements, necessitating high quality-of-service to achieve interoperability, usability, security, and accuracy. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of the AAL field with a focus on healthcare frameworks, platforms, standards, and quality attributes. To achieve this, we conducted a literature survey of state-of-the-art AAL frameworks, systems and platforms to identify the essential aspects of AAL systems and investigate the critical issues from the design, technology, quality-of-service, and user experience perspectives. In addition, we conducted an email-based survey for collecting usage data and current status of contemporary AAL systems. We found that most AAL systems are confined to a limited set of features ignoring many of the essential AAL system aspects. Standards and technologies are used in a limited and isolated manner, while quality attributes are often addressed insufficiently. In conclusion, we found that more inter-organizational collaboration, user-centered studies, increased standardization efforts, and a focus on open systems is needed to achieve more interoperable and synergetic AAL solutions.

Memon, Mukhtiar; Wagner, Stefan Rahr; Pedersen, Christian Fischer; Beevi, Femina Hassan Aysha; Hansen, Finn Overgaard

2014-01-01

195

Factors Driving Quality Standard Compliance in the Polish Dairy Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct a model to identify determinants of the diffusion rate of quality standards in a food chain. We argue that adoption\\u000a decisions in the food chain are determined by farmers’ and processors’ economic considerations. Factors such as pricing behaviour,\\u000a compliance costs and market structure are identified and discussed in the paper. The findings are used to test an econometric

Agata Pieniadz; Heinrich Hockmann

2008-01-01

196

Health-related quality of life aspects in patients with low-grade glioma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Standard therapeutic options for brain tumors include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Unfortunately, these same therapies\\u000a pose risks of neurotoxicity, the most common long-term complications being radiation necrosis, chemotherapy-associated leukoencephalopathy,\\u000a and cognitive deficits. Currently, there is no consensus on the treatment strategy for these tumors. Because of the relatively\\u000a slow growth rate of low-grade gliomas, patients have a relatively long expected

M. Klein

197

Geometry in the Middle Grades. Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics Addenda Series, Grades 5-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1989 document, "Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics" (the "Standards"), provides a vision and a framework for revising and strengthening the K-12 mathematics curriculum in North American schools and for evaluating both the mathematics curriculum and students' progress. This book, one in a series designed to interpret and…

Geddes, Dorothy

198

Quality of language intervention provided to primary-grade students with language impairment.  

PubMed

This study had two aims: (a) to describe the quality of language intervention provided by school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) to children with language impairment in the primary grades with respect to the quality of emotional support, instructional support, and proactive management during SLP-child interactions, and (b) to determine if key characteristics of the SLPs are predictors of variance in intervention quality. Participants were 174 children nested within 40 SLPs' caseloads from various districts in two Midwestern states involved in a larger study of speech-language therapy practices in the public schools. A total of 208 videotaped language intervention sessions were coded for emotional support, instructional support, and proactive management using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS; Pianta, La Paro, & Hamre, 2008). The quality of language intervention varied widely and was generally mid-range to high with respect to emotional support and proactive management, and low to mid-range in terms of instructional support. The quality of interactions varied and a large percentage of the observed variance in quality was attributed to SLPs. Time pressure was a strong predictor of the quality of emotional support, instructional support, and proactive management, and job satisfaction was a significant predictor of instructional support and proactive management. This descriptive information about school-based language intervention highlights the impact of the individual SLP in terms of the quality of the interactions taking place and the potential need to ease job pressures and promote job satisfaction. Learning outcomes: Readers will be able to: (1) identify and define three aspects of SLP-child interaction quality during intervention as framed in this study using the CLASS observation tool (Pianta, La Paro, et al., 2008); (2) discuss the relevance of those three aspects of quality to children with LI; and (3) identify SLP-level factors that significantly predict SLP-student interaction quality during intervention for children with LI. PMID:24731592

Biancone, Tricia L; Farquharson, Kelly; Justice, Laura M; Schmitt, Mary Beth; Logan, Jessica A R

2014-01-01

199

Standardized methods for assessing the imaging quality of intraocular lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relative merits of three standardized methods for assessing the imaging quality of intraocular lenses are discussed based on theoretical modulation-transfer-function calculations. The standards are ANSI Z80.7 1984 from the American National Standards Institute, now superseded by ANSI Z80.7 1994, and the proposed ISO 11979-2 from the International Organization for Standardization. They entail different test 60% resolution efficiency in air, 70% resolutionefficiency in aqueous humor, and 0.43 modulation at 100 line pairs/mm in a model eye. The ISO working group found that the latter corresponds to 60% resolution efficiency in air in a ring test among eight laboratories on a sample of 39 poly(methyl) methacrylate lenses and four silicone lenses spanning the power (in aqueous humor) range of 10-30 D. In both ANSI Z80.7 1994 and ISO 11979-2, a 60% resolution efficiency in air remains an optional approval limit. It is concluded that the ISO configuration is preferred, because it puts the intraocular lens into the context of the optics of the eye. Note that the ISO standard is tentative and is currently being voted on.

Norrby, N. E. Sverker

1995-11-01

200

Substances of Plant Origin in Homeopathic Pharmacy: Methodology of Quality Standard Formulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Put into effect, the “Standards of Drug Quality. Main Stipulations” OST 91500.05.001-00 determined the general order in the development, formulation, presentation, expertise, coordination, validation, and denotation of the standards of drug quality and gave the main rules for constructing such standards. Section XIV of this document refers to the structure and formulation of quality standards for homeopathic preparations in various

M. N. Lyakina

2004-01-01

201

Expanding Children's Geographic World. Grade 1 Model Lesson for Standard 2. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To complete Standard 2 of the California History-Social Science Framework, first-grade students must learn to use and construct maps and consider how location, weather, and physical environments affect the way people live. Students develop basic geographic skills by focusing first on their school and then on their neighborhood. The 6-year-old…

Curtis, Mary Clair; Roth, Patsy; Porter, Priscilla

202

The Math We Need to Know and Do in Grades 6-9: Concepts, Skills, Standards, and Assessments. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a new edition of her standards-based math workbook, author Pearl Gold Solomon covers essential concepts and skills as defined by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics for learners in middle schools. Designed as a comprehensive resource for planning curriculum, instruction, and assessment, The Math We Need to Know and Do in Grades 6-9,…

Solomon, Pearl Gold

2007-01-01

203

Standards-Based Assessment, Grading, and Reporting in Classrooms: Can District Training and Support Change Teacher Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether school district support and training in standards-based assessment, grading, and reporting in classrooms can change teacher practice in these areas was studied in a Florida school district. This district, Bay District Schools of Panama City, has been working with the SERVE Regional Educational Laboratory on a project that involves teachers…

McMunn, Nancy; Schenck, Patricia; McColskey, Wendy

204

Effects of a Technology Treatment on Student Scores on the Standardized Grade 8 Proficiency Assessment (GEPA) in New Jersey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This experiment illustrates how the effective use of a technology treatment integrated into pre-algebra curricula can help students achieve on the New Jersey Standardized Grade 8 Proficiency Assessment (GEPA). The researcher obtained data by comparing a treatment group to a control group; the first group was given a weekly 44-minute-long…

Parlapanides, Triantafillos

2010-01-01

205

Grading School Choice: Evaluating School Choice Programs by the Friedman Gold Standard. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004, The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice published a report titled "Grading Vouchers: Ranking America's School Choice Programs." Its purpose was to measure every existing school choice program against the gold standard set by Milton and Rose Friedman: that the most effective way to improve K-12 education and thus ensure a stable…

Enlow, Robert C.

2008-01-01

206

First-Grade Basic Facts: An Investigation into Teaching and Learning of an Accelerated, High-Demand Memorization Standard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California is one of 4 states that have accelerated addition and subtraction basic-facts memorization. This article reports on teacher practices, first-grade achievement of the standard, and a broader conception of basic-facts competence. Even among students from the highest performing schools, fewer than 11% made progress toward the memorization…

Henry, Valerie J.; Brown, Richard S.

2008-01-01

207

A proteomics performance standard to support measurement quality in proteomics.  

PubMed

The emergence of MS-based proteomic platforms as a prominent technology utilized in biochemical and biomedical research has increased the need for high-quality MS measurements. To address this need, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) reference material (RM) 8323 yeast protein extract is introduced as a proteomics quality control material for benchmarking the preanalytical and analytical performance of proteomics-based experimental workflows. RM 8323 yeast protein extract is based upon the well-characterized eukaryote Saccharomyces cerevisiae and can be utilized in the design and optimization of proteomics-based methodologies from sample preparation to data analysis. To demonstrate its utility as a proteomics quality control material, we coupled LC-MS/MS measurements of RM 8323 with the NIST MS Quality Control (MSQC) performance metrics to quantitatively assess the LC-MS/MS instrumentation parameters that influence measurement accuracy, repeatability, and reproducibility. Due to the complexity of the yeast proteome, we also demonstrate how NIST RM 8323, along with the NIST MSQC performance metrics, can be used in the evaluation and optimization of proteomics-based sample preparation methods. PMID:22522798

Beasley-Green, Ashley; Bunk, David; Rudnick, Paul; Kilpatrick, Lisa; Phinney, Karen

2012-04-01

208

Recruitment of doctors to non-standard grades in the NHS: analysis of job advertisements and survey of advertisers  

PubMed Central

Objectives To estimate the proportion of advertised non-consultant hospital posts that do not conform to nationally recognised terms and conditions of service and to investigate why these posts exist, who fills them, and what the doctors in such jobs do. Design Analysis of job advertisements and a cross sectional survey of advertisers. Setting Job advertisements in one of the leading UK publications listing hospital doctor vacancies (BMJ Careers). Results Nearly a quarter of non-consultant posts advertised in the two study periods (23% and 21%) were for non-standard grade posts. A questionnaire was sent to the medical staffing officer for each post. Of 430 questionnaires sent out 192 (45%) were returned. 98 trusts said they advertised non-standard grades because there was no more funding from the deanery for approved posts and 75 because service needs could not be met by doctors in training grades. In 132 posts (69%) the post holder would be required to do on-call work, and 50 advertisers (26%) required on-call duty for 1 in 5 or more frequently, which would conflict with the European Working Time Directive. 131 advertisers (68%) expected the posts to be filled by doctors from outside the European Economic Area. Conclusions Non-standard grade posts are mostly being created to meet service requirements when there is no more funding for standard training posts and are expected to be filled by doctors from overseas. Doctors in such posts can be more easily exploited and their careers hindered. The Department of Health's annual census should include non-standard grade doctors.

Dosani, Sabina; Schroter, Sara; MacDonald, Rhona; Connor, Jackie

2003-01-01

209

Quality assurance grading guidelines for research and development at DOE facilities  

SciTech Connect

The quality assurance (QA) requirements for the US Department of Energy (DOE) are established in DOE Order 5700.6C. This order is applicable for all DOE departmental elements, management, and maintenance and operating contractors and requires that documented Quality Assurance Programs (QAPs) are prepared at all levels; it has one attachment. The DOE Office of Energy Research (DOE-ER) has issued a standard to ensure implementation of the full intent of this order in the ER community.

Powell, T.B.; Morris, R.N.

1993-01-01

210

National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Survey of instrument grading assessments of beef carcass characteristics.  

PubMed

The instrument grading assessments for the 2011 National Beef Quality Audit evaluated seasonal trends of beef carcass quality and yield attributes over the course of the year. One week of instrument grading data, HCW, gender, USDA quality grade (QG), and yield grade (YG) factors, were collected every other month (n = 2,427,074 carcasses) over a 13-mo period (November 2010 through November 2011) from 4 beef processing corporations, encompassing 17 federally inspected beef processing facilities, to create a "snapshot" of carcass quality and yield attributes and trends from carcasses representing approximately 8.5% of the U.S. fed steer and heifer population. Mean yield traits were YG (2.86), HCW (371.3 kg), fat thickness (1.19 cm.), and LM area (88.39 cm(2)). The YG distribution was YG 1, 15.7%; YG 2, 41.0%; YG 3, 33.8%; YG 4, 8.5%; and YG 5, 0.9%. Distribution of HCW was <272.2 kg, 1.6%; 272.2 to 453.6 kg, 95.1%; and ?453.6 kg, 3.3%. Monthly HCW means were November 2010, 381.3 kg; January 2011, 375.9 kg; March 2011, 366.2 kg; May 2011, 357.9 kg; July 2011, 372.54 kg; September 2011, 376.1 kg; and November 2011, 373.5 kg. The mean fat thickness for each month was November 2010, 1.30 cm; January 2011, 1.22 cm; March 2011, 1.17 cm; May 2011, 1.12 cm; July 2011, 1.19 cm; September 2011, 1.22 cm; and November 2011, 1.22 cm. The overall average marbling score was Small(49). The USDA QG distribution was Prime, 2.7%; Top Choice, 22.9%; Commodity Choice, 38.6%; and Select, 31.5%. Interestingly, from November to May, seasonal decreases (P < 0.001) in HCW and fat thicknesses were accompanied by increases (P < 0.001) in marbling. These data present the opportunity to further investigate the entire array of factors that determine the value of beef. Data sets using the online collection of electronic data will likely be more commonly used when evaluating the U.S. fed steer and heifer population in future studies. PMID:22952354

Gray, G D; Moore, M C; Hale, D S; Kerth, C R; Griffin, D B; Savell, J W; Raines, C R; Lawrence, T E; Belk, K E; Woerner, D R; Tatum, J D; VanOverbeke, D L; Mafi, G G; Delmore, R J; Shackelford, S D; King, D A; Wheeler, T L; Meadows, L R; O'Connor, M E

2012-12-01

211

Grading and Reporting in a Standards-Based Environment: Implications for Students with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers at all levels of education today struggle in their efforts to assign fair, accurate, and meaningful grades to students with disabilities, especially those placed in general education classrooms. Lacking specific policies or recommendations, most teachers apply informal, individual grading adaptations for such students. Although these…

Guskey, Thomas R.; Jung, Lee Ann

2009-01-01

212

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National...

2013-07-01

213

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8 Section 131...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions §...

2013-07-01

214

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section 131.21...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2013-07-01

215

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131.20...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2013-07-01

216

76 FR 64810 - Beverages: Bottled Water Quality Standard; Establishing an Allowable Level for di(2-ethylhexyl...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1993N-0085)] Beverages: Bottled Water Quality Standard; Establishing an Allowable...Administration (FDA) is amending its bottled water quality standard regulations by establishing...phthalate (DEHP). As a consequence, bottled water manufacturers are required to monitor...

2011-10-19

217

Water Quality Standards Criteria Summaries: A Compilation of State/Federal Criteria: General Provisions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains excerpts from the individual State water quality standards establishing pollutant specific criteria for interstate surface waters. General provisions of in state water quality standards is the subject of the compilation.

1988-01-01

218

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Tribe proposes to establish water quality standards. (4) A narrative...Tribe to administer an effective water quality standards program. The narrative...450 et seq. ), the Indian Mineral Development Act (25 U.S.C. 2101...

2009-07-01

219

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131.20...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2011-07-01

220

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8 Section 131...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions §...

2010-07-01

221

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section 131.21...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2011-07-01

222

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8 Section 131...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions §...

2012-07-01

223

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section 131.21...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2012-07-01

224

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131.20...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2010-07-01

225

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8 Section 131...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions §...

2011-07-01

226

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section 131.21...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2010-07-01

227

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131.20...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2012-07-01

228

Science standardized achievement tests: The relationship between publishers, textbook completion, admission standards and science test scores of seventh through ninth grade students in FACCS schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scaled scores from the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition were examined in this causal-comparative study to determine if science publishers in Florida Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (FACCS), textbook completion rates, and admission standards affect standardized test scores. Administrators from 34 schools in FACCS participated in the study by returning an original eleven-question survey instrument to help ascertain what differences or relationships affect standardized test scores. Nine Mann-Whitney tests, one for each grade level in seventh through ninth, did not reveal a significant difference on hypotheses 1a-3c. Publishers (BJ U Press, A.C.E., Glencoe, Prentice Hall), standardized tests, entrance exams, GPA, and ability index factors were reviewed in the study. The results of this study might prompt administrators to consider factors other than publisher usage, textbook completion, and admission standards when attempting to close achievement gaps.

Nix, Sharon J.

229

Aiming for Excellence: Gifted Program Standards. Annotations to the NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to the standards for programs designed for gifted and talented students developed by the National Association for Gifted Students in 1998. The guide is intended to provide practical help to practitioners by including annotations that supply a rationale and further explanations for each standard. A standard statement,…

Landrum, Mary S., Ed.; Callahan, Carolyn M., Ed.; Shaklee, Beverly D., Ed.

230

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.16 Section 50.16...ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) The national primary...ambient air quality standards for lead (Pb) and its compounds are...meter. [73 FR 67052, Nov. 12,...

2013-07-01

231

40 CFR 50.18 - National primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.18 Section 50.18 Protection...primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 are 12.0 micrograms per cubic...

2013-07-01

232

Facets and determinants of quality of life in patients with recurrent high grade glioma  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To assess patients with recurrent high grade brain glioma with the aim of evaluating facets of quality of life (QOL) and their association with mood, cognition, and physical performance. Methods: Ninety four glioma patients (four groups with different duration of glioma recurrence) were compared with 24 patients with other chronic neurological diseases and 48 healthy subjects. The Functional Living Index—Cancer (FLIC) provided QOL self evaluations, and standardised scales and neuropsychological tests assessed physical performance, mood, and cognition. Results: In glioma patients, factor analysis of the FLIC items documented five domains: Psychological well being, Role/sociability, Inner experience of disease, Isolation/sharing, and Nausea. Higher FLIC total scores were related to better cognition, physical performances, and mood, and lower grading; poorer Psychological well being and worse Inner experience of disease to depressed mood; minor Role/sociability to worse cognitive and physical performances and higher grading; worse Nausea to longer disease duration. Compared with healthy subjects, all glioma groups were cognitively impaired and more anxious, and two groups with short duration of recurrence were also more depressed. Patients with chronic neurological diseases showed worse mood and cognitive abilities compared with healthy subjects, but performed attention tests better than glioma patients. Glioma and chronic disease patients showed similar FLIC scores and autonomy. Conclusions: These results show that QOL of recurrent high grade glioma patients is multifaceted and determined by multiple factors. Disease severity does not necessarily eliminate the possibility of expressing personal feelings and opinions which could provide criteria for clinical decision making and psychological support.

Giovagnoli, A; Silvani, A; Colombo, E; Boiardi, A

2005-01-01

233

The Quality of Content Analyses of State Student Achievement Tests and Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the reliability of content analyses of state student achievement tests and state content standards. We use data from two states in three grades in mathematics and English language arts and reading to explore differences by state, content area, grade level, and document type. Using a generalizability framework, we find that…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.; Zeidner, Tim; Smithson, John

2008-01-01

234

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard forQuality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have examined how the ISO 9001 Quality Management System standard affects organizational outcomes such as profits. This is the first large-scale study to examine its effects on employee outcomes such as employment, earnings, and health and safety. We analyzed a matched sample of nearly 1,000 companies in California. ISO 9001 adopters subsequently had farlower organizational death rates than

David I. Levine; Michael W. Toffel

2008-01-01

235

Quality Management and Job Quality: How the ISO 9001 Standard for Quality Management Systems Affects Employees and Employers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have examined how the ISO 9001 Quality Management System standard predicts changes in organizational outcomes such as profits. This is the first large-scale study to explore how employee outcomes such as employment, earnings, and health and safety change when employers adopt ISO 9001. We analyzed a matched sample of nearly 1,000 companies in California. ISO 9001 adopters subsequently

David I. Levine; Michael W. Toffel

2008-01-01

236

The rise of private food quality and safety standards: illustrations from Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, the private sector has rapidly built up an array of private food standards to assure quality and safety in a fiercely competitive market. These private standards have sometimes been to fill in for missing public standards, especially for safety, and to differentiate products and build reputation, for both quality and safety. Moreover, private standards are increasingly

Thomas Reardon; Elizabeth Maria Mercier Querido Farina

2001-01-01

237

Quality controls in cellular immunotherapies: rapid assessment of clinical grade dendritic cells by gene expression profiling.  

PubMed

Cell-based immunotherapies are among the most promising approaches for developing effective and targeted immune response. However, their clinical usefulness and the evaluation of their efficacy rely heavily on complex quality control assessment. Therefore, rapid systematic methods are urgently needed for the in-depth characterization of relevant factors affecting newly developed cell product consistency and the identification of reliable markers for quality control. Using dendritic cells (DCs) as a model, we present a strategy to comprehensively characterize manufactured cellular products in order to define factors affecting their variability, quality and function. After generating clinical grade human monocyte-derived mature DCs (mDCs), we tested by gene expression profiling the degrees of product consistency related to the manufacturing process and variability due to intra- and interdonor factors, and how each factor affects single gene variation. Then, by calculating for each gene an index of variation we selected candidate markers for identity testing, and defined a set of genes that may be useful comparability and potency markers. Subsequently, we confirmed the observed gene index of variation in a larger clinical data set. In conclusion, using high-throughput technology we developed a method for the characterization of cellular therapies and the discovery of novel candidate quality assurance markers. PMID:23147403

Castiello, Luciano; Sabatino, Marianna; Zhao, Yingdong; Tumaini, Barbara; Ren, Jiaqiang; Ping, Jin; Wang, Ena; Wood, Lauren V; Marincola, Francesco M; Puri, Raj K; Stroncek, David F

2013-02-01

238

78 FR 925 - Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards: Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGENCY 40 CFR Part 81 [EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0476; FRL- 9767-9] Air Quality Designations for the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards...initial air quality designations for the 2008 ozone national ambient air quality...

2013-01-07

239

Drinking water quality standards and standard tests: Worldwide. (Latest citations from the Food Science and Technology Abstracts database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning standards and standard tests for water quality in drinking water sources, reservoirs, and distribution systems. Standards from domestic and international sources are presented. Glossaries and vocabularies that concern water quality analysis, testing, and evaluation are included. Standard test methods for individual elements, selected chemicals, sensory properties, radioactivity, and other chemical and physical properties are described. Discussions for proposed standards on new pollutant materials are briefly considered. (Contains a minimum of 203 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-06-01

240

Go8 Response to the: Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) Draft Provider Standards--Consultation Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Group of Eight (Go8) appreciates the opportunity to contribute to the consultation about the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA)--Draft Provider Standards. These are some overarching questions regarding the application of the Draft Provider Standards and their interaction with the broader regulatory framework in which…

Group of Eight (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

241

Project Quality Management Standards - Are they applicable to SMEs in Trade?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project quality management is becoming increasingly significant as the demand for complying with quality standards is becoming almost a necessity in business processes. Holistic quality management programs, including the national quality award programs, six sigma initiatives, and enterprise resource planning applications characterize the highest level of quality initiatives - and arguably the most popular - the ISO 9000 program. Most

Bardo Fraunholz; Chandana Unnithan

242

Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

Hughitt, Brian

2009-01-01

243

Mathematics Standards for Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 2. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics recently published "Principles and Standards for School Mathematics." For the first time, these new standards include pre-kindergarten standards, while outlining the mathematics that children should learn as they progress through school. The standards present a broad view of what mathematics is and…

Richardson, Kathy

244

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS DPA). Student Guide, Grade 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards (AIMS), a Standards-Based test, provides educators and the public with valuable information regarding the progress of Arizona's students toward mastering Arizona's reading, writing and mathematics Standards. This specific test, Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards Dual Purpose Assessment (AIMS DPA) is…

Arizona Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

245

Effects of subprimal type, quality grade, and aging time on display color of ground beef patties.  

PubMed

A factorial design was used to evaluate the effects of two subprimal types (chuck roll and knuckle), two quality grades (Premium Choice and Select), and three vacuum-storage aging times before processing (7, 21, and 42d) ground beef patty display color attributes. Patties from chuck roll and Premium Choice subprimals had brighter red visual color scores, less discoloration, and higher L*, a*, b*, and chroma values than those from knuckle and Select subprimals, respectively. With an increased display time, patties became darker red, more discolored, and had decreased L*, a*, b*, and chroma values. Therefore, aging Premium Choice chuck rolls for less time (fewer than 21d) could maximize display color life. PMID:24880976

Garner, C M; Unruh, J A; Hunt, M C; Boyle, E A E; Houser, T A

2014-10-01

246

Surgical strategies in low-grade gliomas and implications for long-term quality of life.  

PubMed

Reports on long-term health related quality of life (HRQL) after surgery for World Health Organization grade II diffuse low-grade gliomas (LGG) are rare. We aimed to compare long-term HRQL in two hospital cohorts with different surgical strategies. Biopsy and watchful waiting was favored in one hospital, while early resections guided with three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound was favored in the other. With a population-based approach 153 patients with histologically verified LGG treated from 1998-2009 were included. Patients still alive were contacted for HRQL assessment (n=91) using generic (EQ-5D; EuroQol Group, Rotterdam, The Netherlands) and disease specific (EORTC QLQ-C30 and BN20; EORTC Quality of Life Department, Brussels, Belgium) questionnaires. Results on HRQL were available in 79 patients (87%), 25 from the hospital that favored biopsy and 54 from the hospital that favored early resection. Among living patients there was no difference in EQ-5D index scores (p=0.426). When imputing scores defined as death (zero) in patients dead at follow-up, a clinically relevant difference in EQ-5D score was observed in favor of early resections (p=0.022, mean difference 0.16, 95% confidence interval 0.02-0.29). In EORTC questionnaires pain, depression and concern about disruption in family life were more common with a strategy of initial biopsy only (p=0.043, p=0.032 and p=0.045 respectively). In long-term survivors an aggressive surgical approach using intraoperative 3D ultrasound image guidance in LGG does not lower HRQL compared to a more conservative surgical approach. This finding further weakens a possible role for watchful waiting in LGG. PMID:24798909

Jakola, Asgeir S; Unsgård, Geirmund; Myrmel, Kristin S; Kloster, Roar; Torp, Sverre H; Sagberg, Lisa M; Lindal, Sigurd; Solheim, Ole

2014-08-01

247

Acidic precipitation: considerations for an air-quality standard  

SciTech Connect

Acidic precipitation, wet or frozen deposition with a hydrogen ion concentration greatern than 2.5 ..mu..eq l/sup -1/ is a significant air pollution problem in the United States. The chief anions accounting for the hydrogen ions in rainfall are nitrate and sulfate. Agricultural systems are more likely to derive net nutritional benefits from increasing inputs of acidic rain than are forest systems when soils alone are considered. Agricultural soils may benefit because of the high N and S requirements of agricultural plants. Detrimental effects to forest soils may result if atmospheric H/sup +/ inputs significantly add to or exceed H/sup +/ production by soils. Acidification of fresh waters of southern Scandinavia, southwestern Scotland, southeastern Canada, and northeastern United States is caused by acid deposition. Areas of these regions in which this acidification occurs have in common, highly acidic precipitation with volume weighted mean annual H/sup +/ concentrations of 25 ..mu..eq l/sup -1/ or higher and slow weathering granitic or precambrian bedrock with thin soils deficient in minerals which would provide buffer capacity. Biological effects of acidification of fresh waters are detectable below pH 6.0. As lake and stream pH levels decrease below pH. 6.0, many species of plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates are progressively eliminated. Generally, fisheries are impacted below pH 5.0 and are completely destroyed below pH 4.8. There are few studies that document effects of acidic precipitation on terrestrial vegetation to establish an air quality standard. It must be demonstrated that current levels of precipitation acidity alone significantly injure terrestrial vegetation. In terms of documented damanges, current research indicates that establishing a standard for precipitation for the volume weighted annual H/sup +/ concentration at 25 ..mu..eq l/sup -1/ may protect the most sensitive areas from permanent lake acidification.

Evans, L.S.; Hendrey, G.R.; Stensland, G.J.; Johnson, D.W.; Francis, A.J.

1980-01-01

248

76 FR 31575 - United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Onions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the marketing of frozen onions, and provide guidance...utilization of frozen onions. DATES: Comments must...will be posted on these sites. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...Room 0709, So. Building; STOP 0247, Washington...for Grades of Frozen Onions are available on...

2011-06-01

249

SCOPE (Standardized Curriculum-Oriented Pupil Evaluation) Mathematics. Test Book Kindergarten--Grade One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following instructions provided in the teacher's manual, the SCOPE Mathematics Achievement Test booklet for grades K-1 presents 11 mathematical concepts. Testing items include: building appropriate sets; matching equivalent sets; reproducing a given pattern; selecting and/or making an object that is bigger than or smaller than a given object;…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife. Programs and Evaluation Branch.

250

Instructor Grading Variation and Its Implications for Assessment, Advising, and Academic Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Diablo Valley College (California) Research Office assessed the variation of grades in multiple-section courses and its impact on the ability to predict student success. All classes selected for the study were general education offerings applicable for the Associate of Arts degree and/or transfer, and were taught by more than one instructor. A…

Boese, Larry; Birdsall, Les

251

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

252

An Analysis of Vocabulary and Comprehension Subtests of Two Standardized Tests on the Ninth Grade Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine why ninth grade students taking the "Minimum Basic Skills Test" (MBST) and the "California Achievement Test" (CAT) performed differently in relation to reading achievement, a study investigated whether the noted discrepencies in reading achievement on the tests were due to differences in vocabulary and comprehension (skills and…

Fimiani, Guy T.

253

Hands-On Science Mysteries for Grades 3-6: Standards-Based Inquiry Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Hands-On Science Mysteries for Grades 3-6," the authors connect science to real-world situations by investigating actual mysteries and phenomena, such as the strange heads on Easter Island, the ghost ship "Mary Celeste," and the "Dancing Stones" of Death Valley. The labs are designed to encourage the development of science inquiry, in which…

Taris, James Robert; Taris, Louis James

2006-01-01

254

SCOPE (Standardized Curriculum-Oriented Pupil Evaluation) Mathematics. Test Book Grade Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SCOPE Mathematics Achievement Test booklet for grade 4 presents 11 mathematical concepts with instructions for students to take the test with little or no teacher direction. Testing items are: writing number words to 100; giving the place value of any digit and using this to write in expanded form; finding a numeral between two given numerals…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife. Programs and Evaluation Branch.

255

Developing and implementing quality standards for memory services: The Memory Services National Accreditation Programme (MSNAP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The lack of a consistent model means that the quality and characteristics of memory services can vary greatly. Quality standards have been successfully applied in a range of healthcare settings which allow services to implement improvements where necessary. A nationally agreed set of quality standards would help fulfil this need for UK memory services.Objectives: To develop a set of

Emily Doncaster; Maureen McGeorge; Martin Orrell

2011-01-01

256

Developing quality standards for cross-national survey research: five approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses methods for the development of quality standards for cross-national quantitative surveys. Five conceptual approaches to the development of standards are presented and the properties and consequences of each are discussed. The aim is to provide researchers with a rational set of arguments for choosing a particular approach in a given situation. The development of quality standards is

Peter Lynn

2003-01-01

257

Math Process Standards Series, Grades PreK-2 [with CD-ROMs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)'s Process Standards support teaching that helps children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every primary teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require…

O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

2007-01-01

258

SCOPE (Standardized Curriculum-Oriented Pupil Evaluation) Mathematics. Test Book Grade Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following instructions provided in the teacher's manual, the SCOPE Mathematics Achievement Test booklet for grade 3 presents 11 mathematical concepts. Testing items include: skip counting by 2's, 5's, and 10's to 100, 3's to 30, and 4's to 40; writing number words to 20; identifying and naming 100's, 10's, and 1's in three-digit numerals; reading…

Northwest Territories Dept. of Education, Yellowknife. Programs and Evaluation Branch.

259

Coal quality control in the context of international standards ISO 9000-2000  

SciTech Connect

The paper sets forth scientific foundations and organizational-technical environment offered by ISO 9000 standards that are oriented to product quality management and, thus, product quality planning. The authors describe the results of coal product quality planning with using the QFD methodology, present a model of coal quality control through the coal product life cycle and mining technologies. It is proposed to evaluate the quality management efficiency by the coefficient of concordance between the product quality and consumer's demands.

Freidina, E.V.; Botvinnik, A.A.; Dvornikova, A.N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation). Institute of Mining

2008-11-15

260

24 CFR 983.101 - Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC...e) Additional PHA quality and design requirements. This section...additional requirements for quality, architecture, or design of PBV housing, and any...

2009-04-01

261

24 CFR 983.101 - Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC...e) Additional PHA quality and design requirements. This section...additional requirements for quality, architecture, or design of PBV housing, and any...

2010-04-01

262

A new standardized method for objectively measuring video quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) General Model for estimating video quality and its associated calibration techniques were independently evaluated by the Video Quality Experts Group (VQEG) in their Phase II Full Reference Television (FR-TV) test. The NTIA General Model was the only video quality estimator that was in the top performing group for both the 525-line and 625-line

Margaret H. Pinson; Stephen Wolf

2004-01-01

263

Understanding Standards-based Quality Assurance: Part I--Rationale and Conceptual Basis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the strategic move in British higher education to a national quality assurance plan based on academic standards. Discusses the policy proposals of the National Committee of Inquiry in Higher Education and the Quality Assurance Agency. (SK)

Jackson, Norman

1998-01-01

264

Standards and Quality in Higher Education. Higher Education Policy Series 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this book reflect current debates on academic standards and quality assurance, and speak from the perspective of institutional leaders and national quality bodies and higher education researchers. Included are reports on the progress of several international quality initiatives and studies on the impact of external quality assurance…

Brennan, John, Ed.; de Vries, Peter, Ed.; Williams, Ruth, Ed.

265

A feasibility study for assessing building occupants' indoor air quality expectations compared to nationally recognized standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) can have significant implications for health, productivity, job performance, and operating cost. Professional experience in the field of indoor air quality suggests that high expectations (better than nationally established standards) (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)) of workplace indoor air quality lead to increase air quality complaints. To determine whether there is a

Selome Ayele Lemessa

2011-01-01

266

Bhutanese Stakeholders' Perceptions about Multi-Grade Teaching as a Strategy for Achieving Quality Universal Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed document analysis and qualitative interviews to explore the perceptions of different Bhutanese stakeholders about multi-grade teaching, which the Bhutanese Government identified as a strategy for achieving quality Universal Primary Education. The data from Ministry officials, teachers and student teachers were analyzed using…

Kucita, Pawan; Kivunja, Charles; Maxwell, T. W.; Kuyini, Bawa

2013-01-01

267

A Day in Third Grade: A Large-Scale Study of Classroom Quality and Teacher and Student Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Observations of 780 third-grade classrooms described classroom activities, child-teacher interactions, and dimensions of the global classroom environment, which were examined in relation to structural aspects of the classroom and child behavior. 1 child per classroom was targeted for observation in relation to classroom quality and teacher and…

Elementary School Journal, 2005

2005-01-01

268

Development and implementation of surface water quality standards for protection of human health in Korea.  

PubMed

Current water quality standards for the protection of human health in Korea include 17 substances found in rivers and streams. Due to increasing concern over the release of hazardous chemicals into the aquatic environment, there has been a demand for additional water quality standards. Therefore, the Korean Ministry of the Environment plans to gradually increase the number of water quality standards to 30 substances, including 22 substances for protection of human health and 8 substances for protection of aquatic ecosystems by 2015. In this study, new water quality standards for protection of human health were established for 1,4-dioxane, formaldehyde, and hexachlorobenzene. We selected candidate hazardous chemicals, conducted a human health risk assessment to determine priority chemicals, established water quality standards based on technical analyses and comparison with domestic and developed countries' water quality standards, and conducted an expert review. Water quality standards for protection of aquatic ecosystems will be derived in the near future. This study describes how the water quality standards for protection of human health were developed and implemented. Current status, recent expansion, and future plans for water quality standards in Korea are also covered. PMID:23546853

An, Youn-Joo; Kwak, Jin; Nam, Sun-Hwa; Jung, Myung Sook

2014-01-01

269

Effluent Fees: An Alternative System for Achieving Water Quality Standards in Alabama; Pilot Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1972 and 1977 Amendments to the 1948 Federal Water Pollution Control Act authorized the government to set national standards for effluent discharges and water quality. Enforcement of these standards was delegated to the individual states. Alabama appl...

A. N. Link F. A. Scott E. M. Galvin

1980-01-01

270

Model Standards to Assess the Quality of Services and Programs for Persons with Developmental Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of model standards to evaluate the quality of services and programs for persons with developmental disabilities is presented. The introductory material deals with (1) the organization and development of the standards; (2) implementation of the stand...

1978-01-01

271

Drinking water quality standards and standard tests: Worldwide. (Latest citations from Food Science & Technology Abstracts (FSTA)). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the laws, regulations, standards, and testing methods for drinking water from domestic and international sources. Citations discuss quality standardization and control. Topics include safety codes for drinking water systems and installations, contaminated water and toxicity analyses, biological and chemical standards, diseases derived from drinking water, plastic materials for water packaging, and natural mineral drinking water. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-10-01

272

Child-rated versus parent-rated quality of life of community-based obese children across gender and grade  

PubMed Central

Background Quality of life (QoL), which can be examined using self-reports or parental reports, might help healthcare providers understand obese children’s subjective well-being in several domains of life. Community-based obese children report their QoL lower than their parents do. However, the differences between child- and parent-reported QoL have neither been tested across gender and grade nor analyzed by item. This study probed the relationship between obesity and QoL item scores in children, and compared child-reported with parent-reported QoL stratified by gender and grade. Methods One hundred eighty-seven dyads of 8- to 12-year-old children (60 obese, 127 normal-weight) and their parents were recruited. QoL was assessed using both child- and parent-reported Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL) questionnaires. Results Regression analyses showed specific difficulties with physical and emotional QoL in third- and fourth-grade obese boys (? = 0.278-0.620), and specific problems with social functioning in fifth- and sixth-grade obese girls (? = 0.337-0.411). Moreover, parents seemed unaware of the specific difficulties that their children faced (? = 0.274-0.435). Conclusions Obese children seemed to have their difficulties from third to fifth grade, respectively, and their parents seemed unaware of them. Thus, parents need to be more aware of specific difficulties related to childhood obesity.

2013-01-01

273

The role of Health Impact Assessment in the setting of air quality standards: An Australian perspective  

SciTech Connect

The approaches used for setting or reviewing air quality standards vary from country to country. The purpose of this research was to consider the potential to improve decision-making through integration of HIA into the processes to review and set air quality standards used in Australia. To assess the value of HIA in this policy process, its strengths and weaknesses were evaluated aligned with review of international processes for setting air quality standards. Air quality standard setting programmes elsewhere have either used HIA or have amalgamated and incorporated factors normally found within HIA frameworks. They clearly demonstrate the value of a formalised HIA process for setting air quality standards in Australia. The following elements should be taken into consideration when using HIA in standard setting. (a) The adequacy of a mainly technical approach in current standard setting procedures to consider social determinants of health. (b) The importance of risk assessment criteria and information within the HIA process. The assessment of risk should consider equity, the distribution of variations in air quality in different locations and the potential impacts on health. (c) The uncertainties in extrapolating evidence from one population to another or to subpopulations, especially the more vulnerable, due to differing environmental factors and population variables. (d) The significance of communication with all potential stakeholders on issues associated with the management of air quality. In Australia there is also an opportunity for HIA to be used in conjunction with the NEPM to develop local air quality standard measures. The outcomes of this research indicated that the use of HIA for air quality standard setting at the national and local levels would prove advantageous. -- Highlights: • Health Impact Assessment framework has been applied to a policy development process. • HIA process was evaluated for application in air quality standard setting. • Advantages of HIA in the air quality standard setting process are demonstrated.

Spickett, Jeffery, E-mail: J.Spickett@curtin.edu.au [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia) [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia); Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Katscherian, Dianne [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia) [WHO Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health Impact Assessment (Australia); Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia (Australia); Harris, Patrick [CHETRE — UNSW Research Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales (Australia)] [CHETRE — UNSW Research Centre for Primary Health Care and Equity, University of New South Wales (Australia)

2013-11-15

274

75 FR 43141 - United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Vegetables  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ave., SW., Room 0709 South Building, STOP 0247, Washington, DC...or by accessing the AMS Web site at: http://www.ams...the Internet on the PPB Web site at: http://www.ams...standards. Update terminology. Onion Rings,...

2010-07-23

275

Nutrient database improvement project: the influence of USDA quality and yield grade on the separable components and proximate composition of raw and cooked retail cuts from the beef chuck.  

PubMed

This study was designed to provide updated information on the separable components, cooking yields, and proximate composition of retail cuts from the beef chuck. Additionally, the impact the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Quality and Yield Grade may have on such factors was investigated. Ultimately, these data will be used in the USDA - Nutrient Data Laboratory's (NDL) National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR). To represent the current United States beef supply, seventy-two carcasses were selected from six regions of the country based on USDA Yield Grade, USDA Quality Grade, gender, and genetic type. Whole beef chuck primals from selected carcasses were shipped to three university laboratories for subsequent retail cut fabrication, raw and cooked cut dissection, and proximate analyses. The incorporation of these data into the SR will improve dietary education, product labeling, and other applications both domestically and abroad, thus emphasizing the importance of accurate and relevant beef nutrient data. PMID:24769877

West, S E; Harris, K B; Haneklaus, A N; Savell, J W; Thompson, L D; Brooks, J C; Pool, J K; Luna, A M; Engle, T E; Schutz, J S; Woerner, D R; Arcibeque, S L; Belk, K E; Douglass, L; Leheska, J M; McNeill, S; Howe, J C; Holden, J M; Duvall, M; Patterson, K

2014-08-01

276

Crowding norms at frontcountry sites: A visual approach to setting standards of quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indicators and standards of quality have emerged as key variables in defining and managing carrying capacity. Moreover, normative theory has been found useful when applied to the difficult task of setting standards of quality. However, the traditional numerical approach to measuring crowding and related norms has several potential shortcomings when applied to relatively high?use areas such as frontcountry attraction sites.

Robert E. Manning; Wayne A. Freimund; David W. Lime; David G. Pitt

1996-01-01

277

75 FR 4173 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...40 CFR Part 131 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Proposed Rule Federal Register / Vol...EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596; FRL-9105-1] RIN 2040-AF11 Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2010-01-26

278

75 FR 44930 - Stakeholder Input; Revisions to Water Quality Standards Regulation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9182-1] Stakeholder Input; Revisions to Water Quality Standards Regulation AGENCY: Environmental...limited set of targeted changes to EPA's water quality standards regulation. EPA expects...biological integrity of the Nation's waters. The purpose of this notice is to...

2010-07-30

279

75 FR 75761 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...40 CFR Part 131 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Final Rule Federal Register / Vol...EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596; FRL-9228-7] RIN 2040-AF11 Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2010-12-06

280

40 CFR 121.25 - Adoption of new water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 23 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Adoption of new water quality standards. 121.25 Section 121...PERMIT Certification by the Administrator § 121.25 Adoption of new water quality standards. (a) In any case...

2013-07-01

281

eLECTRONIC CONSTRUCTION AND QUALITY CONTROL IN STANDARDIZED TESTING : THE eC&QCST PROJECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The docimology research showed that the standardized testing is an efficient evaluation form of the learners' competencies provided to meet qualiti es of validity, reliability, sensitivity, diagnosticity, equity, practicability, communicabil ity and authenticity. When standardized tests meet these qualities, they are appreciated by train ers, learners and by heads of training institutions. Currently, the construction and the qu ality management

Jean-Luc Gilles; Sylvie-Anne Piette; Pascal Detroz; Salvatore Tinnirello

282

Voluntary Online-Teaching Standards Come Amid Concerns over Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As learning over the Internet grows in both popularity and controversy, experts are hoping that a new set of national standards for online teaching may help bring clarity and credibility to an industry that some analysts say sorely needs both. The voluntary standards, released February 21 by the North American Council for Online Learning, or…

Trotter, Andrew

2008-01-01

283

Data Standardization Means Quality Information from Distributed Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To increase the value of administrative information for universitywide decision making, the office of institutional research at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University has undertaken a project to standardize data elements and codes across all administrative systems and institutionalize an ongoing standardization process. (Author/MSE)

Balkan, Lore; And Others

1992-01-01

284

76 FR 53875 - United States Standards for Grades of Cultivated Ginseng  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ginseng provide an introduction to what mold, rust and decay. The origin of that grows...defects, would be based solely on quality mold, and decay. The color and and percentage...clipped or red discoloration, insect, mold, red discoloration, insect, mold,...

2011-08-30

285

Physical Education Outcomes: Grades K-5. Report of the Task Force To Develop HPERD Program Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These program guidelines, based on the 5-point definition of the physically educated person developed by the National Association for Sports and Physical Education (NASPE), provide reference information to states, school districts, and local schools who seek assistance in developing and maintaining quality programs in physical education. Ten…

American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance. Eastern District Association.

286

42 CFR 410.144 - Quality standards for deemed entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS Outpatient Diabetes Self-Management Training and Diabetes Outcome Measurements § 410.144 Quality...affirms education as an integral component of diabetes care. (iv) Includes in its...

2011-10-01

287

Written Standards as a Process To Improve Survey Data Quality: A Review of Selected National Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of formal written standards as a way to improve a product or service is discussed and illustrated by an analysis of the planned development of standards for educational data reporting. The Cooperative Educational Data Collection and Reporting Standards (CEDCARS) project is intended to apply to a wide range of educational data collection…

Bayless, David L.; And Others

288

Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of 15 essays, educators describe successful programs they've developed to fulfill the National Science Education Standards' vision for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content at the high school level. All the visions correspond with the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude each section of the Standards, characterizing what most teachers and programs should do less of as well as describing the changes needed if real reform is to occur. Essay titles reveal the range of programs--and creativity--this book encompasses. Among the titles are "Technology and Cooperative Learning: The IIT Model for Teaching Authentic Chemistry Curriculum," "Modeling: Changes in Traditional Physics Instruction," "Guided by the Standards: Inquiry and Assessment in Two Rural and Urban Schools," and even "Sing and Dance Your Way to Science Success." The book ends with a summary chapter by editor Robert Yager on successes and continuing challenges in meeting the Standards' visions for improving high school science. As Yager notes, "The exemplary programs described in this monograph give inspiration while also providing evidence that the new directions are feasible and worth the energy and effort needed for others to implement changes.

2009-05-18

289

Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of 15 essays, educators describe successful programs they've developed to fulfill the National Science Education Standards' vision for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content at the high school level. All the visions correspond with the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude each section of the Standards, characterizing what most teachers and programs should do less of as well as describing the changes needed if real reform is to occur. Essay titles reveal the range of programs--and creativity--this book encompasses. Among the titles are "Technology and Cooperative Learning: The IIT Model for Teaching Authentic Chemistry Curriculum," "Modeling: Changes in Traditional Physics Instruction," "Guided by the Standards: Inquiry and Assessment in Two Rural and Urban Schools," and even "Sing and Dance Your Way to Science Success." The book ends with a summary chapter by editor Robert Yager on successes and continuing challenges in meeting the Standards' visions for improving high school science. As Yager notes, "The exemplary programs described in this monograph give inspiration while also providing evidence that the new directions are feasible and worth the energy and effort needed for others to implement changes.

2005-01-01

290

Morning Meeting in a Third Grade Classroom: Literacy and Learning [Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrative case explicates how one teacher supports student critical thinking by personalizing instruction during Morning Meeting. Sought after learning outcomes outlined in Common Core Standards are met as he purposefully anchors learning in student contributions. Through classroom discourse analysis we show how this teacher decided in the…

Boyd, Maureen P.; Smyntek-Gworek, Sylvia

2012-01-01

291

Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this collection of 15 essays, educators describe successful programs they've developed to fulfill the National Science Education Standards' vision for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content at the high school level. All the visions correspond with the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude…

Yager, Robert E., Ed

2005-01-01

292

Mission Mathematics: Linking Aerospace and the NCTM Standards. Grades 5-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collaborative project between the National Aeronautics Space Administration (NASA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM). It has two complementary goals: to provide classroom-tested lessons that effectively model the vision of the NCTM Standards and to focus on the exciting problems that arise out of NASA's…

O'Connor, Vincent F., Ed.; Hynes, Michael C., Ed.

293

Second Language Studies Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies, K-12. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The North Carolina Second Language Standard Course of Study establishes competency goals and objectives directing the teaching and learning of foreign language, heritage language, and classical language in North Carolina. This document sets high expectations for all students, it supports extended sequence of language learning and it takes into…

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

2004-01-01

294

External quality assessment schemes raise standards: evidence from the UKNEQAS parasitology subschemes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The burden of parasitic disease imported into the temperate zone is increasing, and in the tropics remains very high. Thus, high quality diagnostic parasitology services are needed, but to implement clinical governance a measure of quality of service is required.Aim: To examine performance in the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme for Parasitology for evidence of improved standards

M M Kettelhut; P L Chiodini; H Edwards; A Moody

2003-01-01

295

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included. (Contains a minimum of 101 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-03-01

296

What "No Child Left Behind" Leaves behind: The Roles of IQ and Self-Control in Predicting Standardized Achievement Test Scores and Report Card Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing prominence of standardized testing to assess student learning motivated the current investigation. We propose that standardized achievement test scores assess competencies determined more by intelligence than by self-control, whereas report card grades assess competencies determined more by self-control than by intelligence. In…

Duckworth, Angela L.; Quinn, Patrick D.; Tsukayama, Eli

2012-01-01

297

Early Childhood Learning Continuum Indicators: The Continuum of Skills that an Early Childhood Learner Needs in Order To Achieve the Pennsylvania Academic Standards by Grade Three.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Pennsylvania Early Childhood Learning Continuum Indicators, the developmental steps that a learner performs to demonstrate knowledge as stated in the state's Academic Standards. The indicators are not academic standards themselves, but focus on preschool through Grade 2 skills in reading, writing, speaking and listening,…

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.

298

Changing Conceptions of Academic Standards: Quality Support Centre Higher Education Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five papers address issues in the current debate in the United Kingdom over standards in higher education, especially the "Graduate Standards" program of the Higher Education Quality Council. The first paper, an introduction by John Brennan, identifies key issues in the standards debate such as the role of mass education, the various types of…

Brennan, John; And Others

299

Putting ISO 9000 Standards and Baldrige Quality Criteria To Work Now in Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association for Industry-Education Cooperation (NAIEC) creates an approach for school system improvement that combines the necessary standards for achieving mileposts of the Baldrige Quality Criteria and the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) 9000 Standards for Education. Together, the Baldrige Criteria and ISO…

Clark, Don

1999-01-01

300

[Standardization and the quality control of dental services].  

PubMed

On the base of our experience, it's possible to recommend following methods of controlling of quality of dental aid: daily control of fullness and correctness of filling all the documents by dentist; daily control of quality of restoration installation, fixing of interchannel post and obturation of channel on the base of analyze of roentgenograph; monthly control of precise accomplishment of tooth-treatment methods by dentist; weekly and monthly analyze of comments on filling of documents and accomplishing of treatment methods on medical conferences. The maximum circumstantiation of standarts give an opportunity to calculate the real cost of service and move from cost-sheet principle of keeping up of medical institutes to paying for rendered volume and quality of medical aid. PMID:19827662

Zubov, S V; Sdobnov, E V

2009-07-01

301

Setting the Standards: Quality Control in the Secretory Pathway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A variety of quality control mechanisms operate in the endoplasmic reticulum and in downstream compartments of the secretory pathway to ensure the fidelity and regulation of protein expression during cell life and differentiation. As a rule, only proteins that pass a stringent selection process are transported to their target organelles and compartments. If proper maturation fails, the aberrant products are degraded. Quality control improves folding efficiency by retaining proteins in the special folding environment of the endoplasmic reticulum, and it prevents harmful effects that could be caused by the deployment of incompletely folded or assembled proteins.

Lars Ellgaard (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH);Institute of Biochemistry); Maurizio Molinari (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH);Institute of Biochemistry); Ari Helenius (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH);Institute of Biochemistry)

1999-12-03

302

Sephadex and sephadex ion-exchange filtration improves the quality and freezability of low-grade buffalo semen ejaculates  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of sephadex and sephadex ion-exchange filtration on the improvement in quality and freezability of low-grade buffalo semen ejaculates was assessed. Two types of filtration columns were used: one containing only sephadex G-10 (FS) and the other sephadex G-10 along with ion-exchangers (diethyl amino ethane-52 (DEAE-52) cellulose and carboxy methyl-52 (CM-52) cellulose; FS+IE). Unfiltered samples served as controls. Semen

Z Ahmad; M Anzar; M Shahab; N Ahmad; S. M. H Andrabi

2003-01-01

303

Principles & Standards for Quality Charter School Authorizing. 2012 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charter school authorizing is a powerful strategy for making excellent public schools and educational opportunities available to all students. Done well, charter authorizing increases student achievement by expanding the supply of quality public schools to satisfy unmet needs--particularly by providing life-changing opportunities for students…

National Association of Charter School Authorizers (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

304

Subjective quality evaluation of the upcoming HEVC video compression standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High Effciency Video Coding (HEVC) is the latest attempt by ISO/MPEG and ITU-T/VCEG to define the next generation compression standard beyond H.264/MPEG-4 Part 10 AVC. One of the major goals of HEVC is to provide effcient compression for resolutions beyond HDTV. However, the subjective evaluations that led to the selection of technologies were bound to HDTV resolution. Moreover, performance evaluation metrics to report effciency results of this standard are mainly based on PSNR, especially for resolutions beyond HDTV. This paper provides subjective evaluation results to assess the performance of the current HEVC codec for resolutions beyond HDTV.

Hanhart, Philippe; Rerabek, Martin; De Simone, Francesca; Ebrahimi, Touradj

2012-10-01

305

Validity Of High-School Grades In Predicting Student Success Beyond The Freshman Year: High-School Record vs. Standardized Tests as Indicators of Four-Year College Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-school grades are often viewed as an unreliable criterion for college admissions, owing to differences in grading standards across high schools, while standardized tests are seen as methodologically rigorous, providing a more uniform and valid yardstick for assessing student ability and achievement. The present study challenges that conventional view. The study finds that high-school grade point average (HSGPA) is consistently

Saul Geiser; Maria Veronica Santelices

2007-01-01

306

Splash, Flash, Crank, Slide, Alive! Interactive Standards-Based Science Experiences for Grades PreK-2 at Discovery Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Discovery Center at Murfree Springs, a hands-on museum and environmental education center, has created a science tour for grades preK-2, called "Splash, Flash, Crank, Slide, Alive Tour," which is based on the National Science Education Standards. The Tour is designed to support students' natural curiosity in scientific exploration, and gives students the opportunity to learn skills in context of each exhibit's unique features. Facilitated by experienced staff, individual classes of students rotate in small groups through a series of hands-on learning centers. Pre- and post-activity packets for teachers help reinforce student learning. Results from evaluation surveys, as well as the survey instrument itself, are included.

Ervin, Bonnie T.; Sadler, Kim C.

2008-01-01

307

Minimum Standards for Quality Education for Refugee Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing emphasis on the right to and the benefits of education for young people within refugee camps. The benefits include physical and cognitive protection as well as the promotion of a sense of normalcy and feelings of hope. Minimum standards for refugee youth have been developed, which the authors argue should be used by not only by…

Kirk, Jackie; Cassity, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

308

Air quality standards in perspective: an economic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

An economic analysis is presented of two Washington State agencies, the Puget Sound Air Pollution Control Agency and the Southwest Air Pollution Control Authority. Emphasis is placed on the failure of these agencies to discriminate particulate emission standards for different sized boiler plants. The economic and sociological ramifications of air pollution, the structure and goals of the two air pollution

Bailey

1974-01-01

309

Coal resources, new air quality standards,and sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the National Research Council’s Committee on Earth Resources the stated goal of the “sustainability” paradigm\\u000a is that the economic activity that maintains current well-being not make future generations worse off, either through environmental\\u000a degradation or resource depletion. Coal is not “running out” in the United States but the effects of economic deregulation\\u000a of electricity generation, new air quality

E. D. Attanasi

1998-01-01

310

Overview of the quality standard research of traditional Chinese medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely used for the prevention and treatment of various diseases for a long time\\u000a in China. Due to its proven efficacy, wide applications, and low side effect, TCM has increasingly attracted worldwide attention.\\u000a However, one of the biggest challenges facing the clinical practice of TCM is the uncontrollable quality. In this review,\\u000a the progress

Huimin Gao; Zhimin Wang; Yujuan Li; Zhongzhi Qian

2011-01-01

311

Grading More Accurately  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grades matter. College grading systems, however, are often ad hoc and prone to mistakes. This essay focuses on one factor that contributes to high-quality grading systems: grading accuracy (or "efficiency"). I proceed in several steps. First, I discuss the elements of "efficient" (i.e., accurate) grading. Next, I present analytical results…

Rom, Mark Carl

2011-01-01

312

[Strategies for elaboration of comprehensive quality standard system on traditional Chinese medicine].  

PubMed

Based on the research goal of "traditional Chinese medicine standards lead in the international standard-setting", scientific strategies for the elaboration of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) comprehensive quality standard system were introduced. TCM is a complex multi-component system which was used under the guidance of traditional Chinese medical theory. The present paper has put forward the basic principle of " deep research and simplified standard" to construct the quality standards of TCM. " Deep research" refers to systematic, thorough investigations on active constituents and biological mechanisms. On the basis of deep research, "simplified standard" means to establish a scientific and feasible standard, which should be practical and less complicated, to control the quality of Chinese herbs. Three key issues related to the elaboration of the quality standards are suggested. For reference substances, we propose the research methodology using reference extract to develop the qualitative and quantitative determination methods. Compared with that of using reference compounds, the preparation of reference extract is more accessible, economical and practical. Moreover, compared with reference crude drugs, the reference extract showed better batch-to-batch consistency. For identification, in addition to conventional methods, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), chemical fingerprints and characteristic chromatogram are proposed, in which more major marker compounds are monitored. And then LC-MS technique is employed to comprehensively analyze and characterize the peaks in the fingerprint. For multi-component quantification, the method of single standard to determine multi-components (SSDMC) is suggested, providing solutions for the lack of reference standards in quality evaluation. The SSDMC method uses a single reference standard to simultaneously determine the content of multiple compounds. In general, the integrate quality control standard of TCM is established based on combining innovative technology with practical applications. PMID:24946530

Wu, Wan-Ying; Guo, De'an

2014-02-01

313

Quality of haemophilia care in the Netherlands: new standards for optimal care  

PubMed Central

Background In the Netherlands, the first formal haemophilia comprehensive care centre was established in 1964, and Dutch haemophilia doctors have been organised since 1972. Although several steps were taken to centralise haemophilia care and maintain quality of care, treatment was still delivered in many hospitals, and formal criteria for haemophilia treatment centres as well as a national haemophilia registry were lacking. Material and methods In collaboration with patients and other stakeholders, Dutch haemophilia doctors have undertaken a formal process to draft new quality standards for the haemophilia treatment centres. First a project group including doctors, nurses, patients and the institute for harmonisation of quality standards undertook a literature study on quality standards and performed explorative visits to several haemophilia treatment centres in the Netherlands. Afterwards concept standards were defined and validated in two treatment centres. Next, the concept standards were evaluated by haemophilia doctors, patients, health insurance representatives and regulators. Finally, the final version of the standards of care was approved by Central body of Experts on quality standards in clinical care and the Dutch Ministry of Health. Results A team of expert auditors have been trained and, together with an independent auditor, will perform audits in haemophilia centres applying for formal certification. Concomitantly, a national registry for haemophilia and allied disorders is being set up. Discussion It is expected that these processes will lead to further concentration and improved quality of haemophilia care in the Netherlands.

Leebeek, Frank W.G.; Fischer, Kathelijn

2014-01-01

314

Score comparability of standard and nonstandard administrations of a state-mandated fifth grade science assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the score comparability of a state-mandated science achievement test across three groups of students: (a) general education students, (b) learning disabled students without a reading accommodation, and (c) learning disabled students with a reading accommodation. The main purpose of the study was to determine whether the meaning of the total score is changed when learning disabled students are offered a reading accommodation. Comparability of scores was addressed on three different levels: (a) comparability of reliabilities across groups, (b) comparability of individual item functioning across groups, and (c) comparable factor structure across groups. The results clearly showed comparable reliabilities, comparable individual item functioning, and invariant factor structure even at the highest levels of comparison across groups. The results add to a growing body of evidence that some accommodations may be made for students with disabilities without changing the construct being measured by an assessment. This would allow scores from those particular nonstandard test administrations to be aggregated with scores from a standard test administration.

Randall, Cheryl Ann

315

EPA'S Updated Air Quality Standards For Smog (Ozone) and Particulate Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On July 16, 1997, the US Environmental Protection Agency released "final air quality standards for particulate matter and ozone (otherwise known as soot and smog)." The EPA Office of Air & Radiation has made the standards, which appear in the July 18, 1997 Federal Register, available (in Adobe Acrobate [.pdf] format). The FR final rules are: "Final Particulate Matter NAAQS," (National Ambient Air Quality Standards,102p.); "Final Ozone NAAQS" (37p.); "Particulate Matter Monitoring Requirements" (86p.); and "Supplemental Information and Request for Comments" (2p.). In addition, there is a 16 page memorandum from President Clinton to the EPA Administrator concerning implementation of the standards, and there are also several fact sheets about the standards. Note that the new standards contain two significant changes from the EPA's November 1996 proposal (discussed in the December 6, 1996 Scout Report). Users can see the Updated Clean Air Standards fact sheet for these changes.

Radiation., United S.

1997-01-01

316

PREDICTING THE IMPACT OF TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON ECOLOGICAL RESOURCES FOR SETTING NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Clean Air Act provides for establishing National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public welfare (including crops, forests, ecosystems, and soils) from adverrse effects of air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone. The formulation of policies is science-bas...

317

[Quality assurance and certification of a hemodialysis unit according to the ISO-9001-2000 standards].  

PubMed

We report the experience of three hemodialysis centers registered with the ISO 9001-2000 standard, regarding the development of a quality measure system and providing an analysis of this system and its advantages and disadvantages. PMID:12708375

Arenas, M D; Gil, M T; Egea, J J; Sirvent, A E; Giménez, A

2003-01-01

318

40 CFR 131.22 - EPA promulgation of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

40 Protection of Environment 23 2013-07-01 ...false EPA promulgation of water quality standards. 131...131.22 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER...

2013-07-01

319

25 CFR 273.38 - Equal quality and standard of education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Equal quality and standard of education. 273.38 Section 273.38 Indians...INTERIOR INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT PROGRAM EDUCATION CONTRACTS UNDER JOHNSON-O'MALLEY ACT...

2011-04-01

320

78 FR 70905 - Extension of Comment Period for the Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications Proposed Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is extending the comment period for the proposed rule ``Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications''. EPA is extending the comment period in response to stakeholder requests for a 30-day...

2013-11-27

321

60 FR 27472 - Consumer Information Regulations Uniform Tire Quality Grading Standards  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...variously estimated the cost of rolling resistance testing machines at between $400,000 and $1.2 million. Cooper stated that if rolling resistance tests were required...capital investment of $1.2 million to purchase 4 test...

1995-05-24

322

Effect of Modified Atmosphere Packaging and Vacuum Packaging on Quality Characteristics of Low Grade Beef during Cold Storage  

PubMed Central

Many studies have been carried out with respect to packaging methods and temperature conditions of beef. However, the effects of packaging methods and temperature conditions on the quality characteristics have not been extensively studied in low-grade beef. Low-grade beef samples were divided into 3 groups (C: ziplock bag packaging, T1: vacuum packaging, and T2: modified atmosphere packaging (MAP), CO2/N2 = 3:7) and samples were stored at 4°C for 21 days. The water-holding capacity (WHC) was significantly lower in T1 than in the other samples up to 14 days of storage. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and volatile basic nitrogen values were significantly lower in T1 and T2 than in C after 7 to 14 days of storage. The total bacterial counts were significantly lower in T1 and T2 than in C after 14 days of storage. In a sensory evaluation, tenderness and overall acceptability were significantly higher in T1 and T2 than in C at the end of the storage period (21 days). We propose that the MAP method can improve beef quality characteristics of low-grade beef during cold storage. However, the beneficial effects did not outweigh the cost increase to implement MAP.

Hur, S. J.; Jin, S. K.; Park, J. H.; Jung, S. W.; Lyu, H. J.

2013-01-01

323

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part 50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. P Appendix P to Part 50âInterpretation of the...

2009-07-01

324

40 CFR 50.11 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen (with...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.11 National...

2013-07-01

325

77 FR 13496 - Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2040-AF36 Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...March 6, 2012 effective date of the ``Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2012-03-07

326

77 FR 29271 - Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2040-AF41 Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...July 6, 2012, effective date of the ``Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2012-05-17

327

77 FR 39949 - Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2040-AF41 Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...July 6, 2012, effective date of the ``Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2012-07-06

328

76 FR 79604 - Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 2040-AF36 Effective Date for the Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...March 6, 2012 effective date of the ``Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2011-12-22

329

76 FR 22665 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...Assessment for the Review of the Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards...is reviewing the NAAQS for particulate matter (PM).\\1\\ The document...

2011-04-22

330

Correlation between standard plate count and somatic cell count milk quality results for Wisconsin dairy producers.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between standard plate count (SPC) and somatic cell count (SCC) monthly reported results for Wisconsin dairy producers. Such a correlation may indicate that Wisconsin producers effectively controlling sanitation and milk temperature (reflected in low SPC) also have implemented good herd health management practices (reflected in low SCC). The SPC and SCC results for all grade A and B dairy producers who submitted results to the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, in each month of 2012 were analyzed. Grade A producer SPC results were less dispersed than grade B producer SPC results. Regression analysis showed a highly significant correlation between SPC and SCC, but the R(2) value was very small (0.02-0.03), suggesting that many other factors, besides SCC, influence SPC. Average SCC (across 12mo) for grade A and B producers decreased with an increase in the number of monthly SPC results (out of 12) that were ?25,000cfu/mL. A chi-squared test of independence showed that the proportion of monthly SCC results >250,000cells/mL varied significantly depending on whether the corresponding SPC result was ?25,000 or >25,000cfu/mL. This significant difference occurred in all months of 2012 for grade A and B producers. The results suggest that a generally consistent level of skill exists across dairy production practices affecting SPC and SCC. PMID:24630657

Borneman, Darand L; Ingham, Steve

2014-05-01

331

A 10-year review of quality improvement monitoring in pain management: Recommendations for standardized outcome measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality measurement in health care is complex and in a constant state of evolution. Different approaches are necessary depending on the purpose of the measurement (e.g., accountability, research, improvement). Recent changes in health care accreditation standards are driving increased attention to measurement of the quality of pain management for improvement purposes. The purpose of this article is to determine what

Debra B. Gordon; Teresa A. Pellino; Christine Miaskowski; Jeanette Adams McNeill; Judith A. Paice; Daniel Laferriere; Marilyn Bookbinder

2002-01-01

332

Consumerism and Quality Standards for Subvented Social Services: A Case Study of Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at the link and relationship of two popular concepts in the public arena: consumerism and quality services. It then examines how and why they are integrated into a generic set of service quality standards (SQS) which forms the crux of a service performance monitoring system (SPMS). They in turn form the basis of acceptable measures and feasible

H. K. Wong

2007-01-01

333

Making Retail Supply Chains Sustainable: Upgrading Opportunities for Developing Country Suppliers under Voluntary Quality Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the sustainability claims of private quality standards, voluntary adopted by supermarket to improve the quality of products in respect of food safety, and environmental and social sustainability. The concept of ‘sustainability’ is defined as the opportunity for upgrading by developing country suppliers in the retail supply chains. The paper reports of an explorative analysis on the perceived

Wijk van J. C. A. C; M. Danse; Tulder van R. J. M

2008-01-01

334

Quality audit as a driver for compliance to ISO 9001:2008 standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Quality certification to international standards is an obligatory requirement for automotive and truck industry suppliers of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). The unique aspect of companies that had their foundation in research and development (R&D) and evolve to operations is that they require a different approach to implement and certify their quality management system. This paper aims to investigate

Hector Hernandez

2010-01-01

335

Hemiparesis after Operation of Astrocytoma Grade II in Adults: Effects of Acupuncture on Sensory-Motor Behavior and Quality of Life  

PubMed Central

To evaluate the effect of acupuncture on hemiparesis and quality of life for adults with brain astrocytoma grade II, we conducted a randomized, observer-blinded clinical trial. Fifty-eight patients were randomized to standard rehabilitation (SR) therapy without acupuncture (n = 20), SR plus standard acupuncture (SA) (n = 19), and SR plus individualized acupuncture (IA) (n = 19). SA points were PC6, SP6, HT1, LU5, BL40, and ST36, while a special concept called “connecting and regulation Ren and Du” and “Jin-3-needling” served as IA. This treatment was individualized according to the clinical syndrome. The outcome was measured by the Barthel Index (BI), the Fugl-Meyer scale (FM), and the EORTC Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) with the Brain Cancer Module (BCM20). IA + SR reached significantly higher BI scores than SA + SR, which reached significantly higher BI scores than SR. IA + SR was significantly superior to SA + SR and to SR at the 8th week for the scores of FM motor and sensory assessments and most QLQ-C30-BCM20 items. In conclusion, the individualized acupuncture concept of “connecting and regulating Ren and Du” combined with “Jin-3-needling” offers a promising possibility for the treatment of hemiparesis due to astrocytoma, but further evaluation is mandatory.

Yu, Haibo; Schroder, Sven; Li, Zhifeng; Yang, Ying; Chen, Yu; Huang, Xingxian

2013-01-01

336

Assessment of weld quality of aerospace grade metals by using ultrasonic matrix phased array technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advantages of two dimensional electronic ultrasonic beam focusing, steering and scanning with the matrix phased array (MPA) technology has been used to visualize the conditions of resistance spot welds in auto vehicle grade advanced high strength steel carbon steels nondestructively. Two of the commonly used joining techniques, resistance spot welding and resistance seam welding, for thin aerospace grade plates made of aluminum, titanium, and stainless steels have also been inspected with the same MPA NDE system. In this study, a detailed discussions of the current MPA based ultrasonic real time imaging methodology has been made followed by some of the NDT results obtained with various welded test coupons.

Na, Jeong K.; Gleeson, Sean T.

2014-03-01

337

40 CFR 125.61 - Existence of and compliance with applicable water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Existence of and compliance with applicable water quality standards. 125.61 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...Requirements Under Section 301(h) of the Clean Water Act § 125.61 Existence of and...

2013-07-01

338

OZONE AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARD HAS BENEFICIAL EFFECT ON PONDEROSA PINE IN CALIFORNIA  

EPA Science Inventory

Ambient air quality standards and control strategies are implemented to protect humans and vegetation from adverse effects. However, to date there has not been a simple and objective method to determine if the standards and resultant control strategies have reduced O3 impacts on ...

339

Improvement of manufacturing techniques and quality of optical scratch standards for fire control systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacture of the Optical Surface Quality Standards (Scratch and Dig) has been a problem since their introduction. The present technique of diamond scribing the scratch standard is haphazard mainly because there are no controlling dimensions for the scratch. The problem arises because there is no correlation between the physical and the visual parameters of the scratch. An evaluation was conducted

J. R. Goldgraben; J. Salerno

1985-01-01

340

Ride quality criteria and the design process. [standards for ride comfort  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conceptual designs for advanced ground transportation systems often hinge on obtaining acceptable vehicle ride quality while attempting to keep the total guideway cost (initial and subsequent maintenance) as low as possible. Two ride quality standards used extensively in work sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) are the DOT-Urban Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle (UTACV) standard and the International Standards Organization (ISO) reduced ride comfort criteria. These standards are reviewed and some of the deficiencies, which become apparent when trying to apply them in practice, are noted. Through the use of a digital simulation, the impact of each of these standards on an example design process is examined. It is shown that meeting the ISO specification for the particular vehicle/guideway case investigated is easier than meeting the UTACV standard.

Ravera, R. J.

1975-01-01

341

Harmonization of monographic standards is needed to ensure the quality of Chinese medicinal materials  

PubMed Central

This article provides an overview on the regulations of Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) in various countries and regions. Harmonization of CMM monographs would provide standards for the quality control of CMM products and play an important role in the modernization and globalization of Chinese medicine. A harmonized regulatory system would improve the quality of CMMs thereby ensuring the safety of the products and assisting Chinese medicine practitioners in their practice. The fast growing demand worldwide for traditional medicines calls for harmonized monographic standards to safeguard the safety and quality of CMM products.

Chan, Kelvin; Leung, Kelvin Sze-Yin; Zhao, Sandy Shuo

2009-01-01

342

Quality of breast and thigh meats when broilers are fed rations containing graded levels of sugar syrup.  

PubMed

The dietary energy for broiler chicken is provided through the inclusion of cereal grains and vegetable oil in the ration. The cost of corn is increasing exponentially, whereas sugar syrup (SS) is available with reasonable cost. Sugar syrup can be used as a substitute for starch/grains and vegetable oil. No research has been reported on the effect of SS on broiler meat quality. In this study, Hubbard commercial broiler chicks were fed a control basal diet (corn-soy basal diet on an ad libitum basis) alone or with graded levels of SS. A completely randomized design with 3 replications (n = 3, treatments = 4 with 4 subsamples per treatment) were used to investigate the effect of replacing part of the corn and oil in broiler chicken rations with graded levels of SS (5, 10, and 15%) on breast and thigh meat quality (proximate analysis, cooking loss, instrumental color, and texture and sensory properties). Rations containing up to 15% SS had a slight effect on proximate composition of raw and cooked broiler breast and thigh meats. Cooking loss of thigh meat decreased significantly with increasing SS but increased significantly for breast meats. No significant differences were detected (P > 0.05) among breast or thigh meats fed rations with a different level of SS on all sensory properties, except that cooked thigh meat had a slightly harder texture. Overall, results suggest that feeding broilers with SS rations (up to 15%) produced high-quality breast and thigh meats with minimal differences. PMID:23873569

Hashim, I B; Hussein, A S; Afifi, H S

2013-08-01

343

Water Quality-8th Grade Earth Science, or "Lets Get Relevant."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes some experiences in a science/technology/society (STS) program for an eighth grade science course at a small rural school in Iowa. The background information about the school and the general goal of the STS program are outlined. The curriculum structure of the program related to water as a reusable resource is presented.…

Rezabek, Edward

344

Within-School Variation in Teacher Quality: The Case of Ninth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is abundant evidence that ninth grade is a critical year for students, particularly those enrolled in large urban school districts. Despite the importance of the freshman year for subsequent academic success, the existence of teacher status systems within schools suggests that ninth graders, who are traditionally viewed by teachers as…

Neild, Ruth Curran; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

345

A Quality Circle Approach to Reducing Suspension of Students in the Tenth Grade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum report describes outcomes of a 12-week program to reduce suspensions at an eastern central Florida high school. The program was implemented to reduce the number of suspensions among a target group of 12 10th-grade students. Specifically, the intervention sought to reduce both the misbehavior infractions and school suspensions by two…

Fleming, Eric T.

346

Assessing Quality of Data Standards: Framework and Illustration Using XBRL GAAP Taxonomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of data standards or metadata schemas is to improve the interoperability of data created by multiple standard users. Given the high cost of developing data standards, it is desirable to assess the quality of data standards. We develop a set of metrics and a framework for assessing data standard quality. The metrics include completeness and relevancy. Standard quality can also be indirectly measured by assessing interoperability of data instances. We evaluate the framework using data from the financial sector: the XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) taxonomy and US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings produced using the taxonomy by approximately 500 companies. The results show that the framework is useful and effective. Our analysis also reveals quality issues of the GAAP taxonomy and provides useful feedback to taxonomy users. The SEC has mandated that all publicly listed companies must submit their filings using XBRL. Our findings are timely and have practical implications that will ultimately help improve the quality of financial data.

Zhu, Hongwei; Wu, Harris

347

Expanding Map Skills from the Neighborhood to the World. Grade 2 Model Lesson for Standard 2. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of location is a first step in spatial thinking, one of the multiple intelligences and an historical and social science analysis skill listed in the California Academic Content Standards for History-Social Science. Based on what they learned in kindergarten and first grade about mapping their classroom and the playground, students…

Renfrew, Melanie; Porter, Priscilla

348

Ghana and Mali. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.4. World History and Geography: Medieval Sub-Saharan Africa. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 7.4 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the sub-Saharan civilizations of Ghana and Mali in Medieval Africa. Seventh-grade students focus on the Niger River and the growth of the Mali and Ghana empires; analyze the importance of…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

349

Chinese Philosophy. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.3. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 7.3 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structure of the civilizations of China in the middle ages." Seventh-grade students focus on the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of Buddhism; agricultural,…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

350

Medieval Europe. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.6. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 7.6 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Europe." Seventh-grade students study the geography of Europe and the Eurasian land mass; describe the spread of Christianity north of the Alps and the roles…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

351

Design Document for 12th Grade NAEP Preparedness Research Judgmental Standard Setting Studies: Setting Standards on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in Reading and Mathematics for 12th Grade Preparedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assessment Governing Board adopted a Program of Preparedness Research in March 2009. Several categories of research studies were recommended to produce results for reporting 12th grade preparedness for the 2009 grade 12 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading and mathematics. The categories included content…

National Assessment Governing Board, 2010

2010-01-01

352

Dimensions of Quality in Nursing Education. and Standards of Quality: The Path to Excellence?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems facing the field of nursing education. Topics include (1) student recruitment, (2) designing a curriculum that balances academic excellence with practical skills training, and (3) the effects of nursing's academic isolation and of technology upon quality. (CH)

Fitzpatrick, M. Louise; Heaney, Robert P.

1987-01-01

353

Quality management and safety culture in medicine - Do standard quality reports provide insights into the human factor of patient safety?  

PubMed Central

In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published the landmark report “To err is human: building a safer healthcare system” highlighting critical deficiencies within the area of patient safety. As a consequence, safety culture evolved as a core component of quality management in medicine. Purpose of the investigation at hand was to find out to what extent this is reflected in standard quality reports issued by German hospitals providing maximum medical care. Reports issued for the year 2006 were analysed with respect to the appearance of indicators for the presence of a safety culture. Results suggest that despite the huge awareness for patient safety caused by the IOM report, the topic of safety culture does not get the anticipated attention within the quality reports. This may indicate that the current requirements for the quality reports do not facilitate transparency when it comes to the human factor of patient safety.

Wischet, Werner; Schusterschitz, Claudia

2009-01-01

354

Design of a weapons-grade plutonium assembly for optimal burnup in a standard pressurized water reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We created a new MOX fuel assembly design that can be used in standard Westinghouse pressurized water reactors (PWR) to maximize the plutonium throughput while introducing the lowest perturbation possible to the control and safety systems of the reactor. Our assembly design, which is called MIX-33, appears to be a good option for the disposition of weapons-grade plutonium (WG-Pu), increasing the plutonium disposition rate by 8% compared to a previous Westinghouse design. It is based in two novel ideas: the use of both uranium and plutonium fuel pins in the same assembly, and the increase of the moderation ratio of the assembly. We replaced 8 fuel pins by water holes to increase the moderation ratio. We can transition smoothly from a full LEU core to a full MIX-33 core meeting the operational and safety regulations of a standard PWR. Given a MOX supply interruption scenario we can transition smoothly to full LEU meeting the safety regulations and using standard LEU assemblies with uniform enriched pin-wise distribution. If the MOX supply is interrupted for only one cycle, we are able to transition back to full MIX-33 core. However, in this case we probably need to de-rate the power by a few percent for a few weeks at the beginning of the cycle (BOC) to accommodate high peaking. For comparison we created another assembly design without extra water holes, which we called "MIX-25". It behaves in all the conditions analyzed in a similar way to the MIX-33 but it does present minor control problems. These can be solved by making small modifications to the control and safety systems, namely by enriching the boron-10 content of some boron absorbers. Thus, the addition of water holes replacing fuel pins helps to improve the MIX-33 performance and eliminate the difficulties seen in the MIX-25 design. We also performed a benchmarking analysis to test the code CASMO-3 to analyze WG-Pu assemblies, using the code MCNP-4A to compare. We found good agreement between CASMO-3 and MCNP-4A; relative differences were less than 1% for the multiplication factor and less than 7% for the two-group cross sections. To test SIMULATE-3 we compared against Westinghouse's ANC code. We found good agreement between these two codes, with relative differences for assembly power distribution less than 2.5%, and for pin power peaking less than 7%.

Alonso-Vargas, Gustavo

355

The Quality Adaptation Model: Adaptation and Adoption of the Quality Standard ISO/IEC 19796-1 for Learning, Education, and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the new quality standard for learning, education, and training, ISO/IEC 19796-1, was published. Its purpose is to help educational organizations to develop quality systems and to improve the quality of their processes, products, and services. In this article, the standard is presented and compared to existing approaches, showing the…

Pawlowski, Jan M.

2007-01-01

356

Model for selecting quality standards for a salad bar through identifying elements of customer satisfaction.  

PubMed

Continuous quality improvement is the new requirement of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. This means that meeting quality standards will not be enough. Dietitians will need to improve those standards and the way they are selected. Because quality is defined in terms of the customers, all quality improvement projects must start by defining what customers want. Using a salad bar as an example, this article presents and illustrates a technique developed in Japan to identify which elements in a product or service will satisfy or dissatisfy consumers. Using a model and a questionnaire format developed by Kano and coworkers, 273 students were surveyed to classify six quality elements of a salad bar. Four elements showed a dominant "must-be" characteristic: food freshness, labeling of the dressings, no spills in the food, and no spills on the salad bar. The two other elements (food easy to reach and food variety) showed a dominant one-dimensional characteristic. By better understanding consumer perceptions of quality elements, foodservice managers can select quality standards that focus on what really matters to their consumers. PMID:8227881

Ouellet, D; Norback, J P

1993-11-01

357

Making and Carrying Out Laws. Grade 2 Model Lesson for Standard 3. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During kindergarten students learn that being a good citizen involves acting in certain ways. In grade 1 students study about making rules by direct democracy and by representative democracy. This concept is developed further in grade 2 as students learn about electing the people who make the laws, carry out the laws, and enforce the laws. This…

Reems, Kimberly; Porter, Priscilla

358

The Relationship between Prosodic Oral Reading Assessments and Standards-Based Reading Assessment in a 2nd Grade Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between prosodic oral reading and overall reading comprehension of second grade students. The sample consisted of ten students who were randomly selected from a second grade classroom. The students read aloud from the book "Bedtime for Frances" by Lillian and Russell Hoban for a total of…

Kariuki, Patrick; Baxter, Andrew

2011-01-01

359

Cilengitide in Treating Younger Patients With Recurrent or Progressive High-Grade Glioma That Has Not Responded to Standard Therapy  

ClinicalTrials.gov

Childhood High-grade Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Childhood High-grade Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Oligoastrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma; Recurrent Childhood Brain Tumor; Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma; Recurrent Childhood Glioblastoma; Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma

2014-05-05

360

School Quality, Achievement Bias, and Dropout Behavior in Egypt. Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) Working Paper No. 107.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper demonstrates the analytical importance of employing output-based measures of school quality. The empirical analysis employs data collected in a longitudinal survey of primary school students in Egypt during 2 academic years, 1978-79 and 1979-80. School quality and grade completion are shown to be directly linked, leading to very…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Lavy, Victor

361

[Analysis and thinking on status of quality standard of ethnic medicine].  

PubMed

The establishing and improving of quality standards for ethnic medicine have close relation with the safety and efficacy of clinical medicine. It is significant to promote the modernization and industrialization of ethnic medicine. This paper summarized the present status of quality standards for ethnic medicine, and pointed out the deficiency of ethnic medicine; the origin of medicinal materials was not clear and varieties were confused; the safety research of mineral drug was weak and so on. Based on these, firstly, the research of quality standards for ethnic medicine should be under the guidance of ethnic traditional medical theory and clinical experience and strengthen the quality control and evaluation of safety and effectiveness for ethnic medicine. Further, much attention should be payed to protection of natural medicinal resources and sustainable utilization. Lastly, modern chemical analysis technology shouled be used during the research process on the basis of ethnic characteristics. It will promote the establishment and improvement of quality standards for ethnic medicine and will be benificial to modernization and industrialization development of ethnic medicine. PMID:24380315

Yang, Yang; Zhang, Yi; Huang, Yu; Lai, Xian-Rong; Fan, Gang; You, Jia-Li

2013-09-01

362

Perceptual video quality assessment in H.264 video coding standard using objective modeling.  

PubMed

Since usage of digital video is wide spread nowadays, quality considerations have become essential, and industry demand for video quality measurement is rising. This proposal provides a method of perceptual quality assessment in H.264 standard encoder using objective modeling. For this purpose, quality impairments are calculated and a model is developed to compute the perceptual video quality metric based on no reference method. Because of the shuttle difference between the original video and the encoded video the quality of the encoded picture gets degraded, this quality difference is introduced by the encoding process like Intra and Inter prediction. The proposed model takes into account of the artifacts introduced by these spatial and temporal activities in the hybrid block based coding methods and an objective modeling of these artifacts into subjective quality estimation is proposed. The proposed model calculates the objective quality metric using subjective impairments; blockiness, blur and jerkiness compared to the existing bitrate only calculation defined in the ITU G 1070 model. The accuracy of the proposed perceptual video quality metrics is compared against popular full reference objective methods as defined by VQEG. PMID:24790819

Karthikeyan, Ramasamy; Sainarayanan, Gopalakrishnan; Deepa, Subramaniam Nachimuthu

2014-01-01

363

Closing the science achievement gap for ninth grade English learners through standards- and inquiry-based science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In light of the need to close the achievement gap among our culturally and linguistically diverse students, more specifically the Hispanics and the Hispanic English Learners (ELs), the effects of teacher professional development (2 year PD vs. 1 Year PD vs. no PD) on the implementation of a standards-aligned and inquiry-based science curriculum program---the Integrated Coordinated Science for the 21st Century published by It's About Time, Inc. (ICS-IAT)---on the LAUSD ninth graders science scores were examined. Participants included 8,937 9th grade students (7,356 Hispanics). The primary outcome measurement was scaled scores from the California Standard Test (CST) in Integrated Coordinated Science (CST_ICS1). Correlations between California English Language Development Test (CELDT) component subscores (reading, listening and speaking) and CST scores were also examined. Results indicated that the science scores of the students of teachers who participated in two year PD were significantly higher compared to the scores of students of the one year PD group and the control group. The results show that all ethnic groups benefited from two years of teacher PD, except the African American group. Among Hispanics, students classified as IFEP, RFEP and EO gained from the teachers having two years of professional development. But the target population, ELs did not benefit from two years of teacher PD. The correlations between the CELDT and CST_ELA were much higher than the CELDT and CST_ICS1 correlations. This finding validates Abedi's claim (2004) that EL students are disadvantaged because of their language handicap on tests that have a greater language load. Two year PD participation significantly enhanced the accessibility of science to the ninth graders. The essential features in the PD were classroom simulation of all the activities identified in the storyboard with the actual and correct use of needed equipment and materials; creation and presentation of sample or model Chapter Challenges; practice on the use of the storyboard; facilitation of activity debriefs using a debrief template; and the use and practice of identified strategies and scaffoldings targeting ELs. Three innovations developed by the LAUSD-ICS Leadership Team also were introduced in the PD sessions. They are the storyboard, "cartoon analysis" and debrief template.

Estrada, Myrna Hipol

364

Economic impact of proposed boron water quality standard for Wood River, R76-18  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report proposes a petition which would exempt a 0.9 mile section of Wood River above its confluence with the Mississippi and a few hundred feet of an unnamed tributary from the current 1.0 mg\\/l boron water quality standard. This would establish a 25 mg\\/l standard for that designated reach of stream. The Illinois Power Company, whose ash pond discharge

C. B. Muchmore; W. S. OBrien

1977-01-01

365

40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS...S to Part 50âInterpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality...

2010-07-01

366

Validity of High-School Grades in Predicting Student Success beyond the Freshman Year: High-School Record vs. Standardized Tests as Indicators of Four-Year College Outcomes. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.6.07  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-school grades are often viewed as an unreliable criterion for college admissions, owing to differences in grading standards across high schools, while standardized tests are seen as methodologically rigorous, providing a more uniform and valid yardstick for assessing student ability and achievement. The present study challenges that…

Geiser, Saul; Santelices, Maria Veronica

2007-01-01

367

A Direct sensitivity approach to predict hourly ozone resulting from compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standard  

EPA Science Inventory

In setting primary ambient air quality standards, the EPA?s responsibility under the law is to establish standards that protect public health. As part of the current review of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the US EPA evaluated the health exposure and ...

368

Introducing mapping standards in the quality assessment of buildings extracted from very high resolution satellite imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many municipal activities require updated large-scale maps that include both topographic and thematic information. For this purpose, the efficient use of very high spatial resolution (VHR) satellite imagery suggests the development of approaches that enable a timely discrimination, counting and delineation of urban elements according to legal technical specifications and quality standards. Therefore, the nature of this data source and expanding range of applications calls for objective methods and quantitative metrics to assess the quality of the extracted information which go beyond traditional thematic accuracy alone. The present work concerns the development and testing of a new approach for using technical mapping standards in the quality assessment of buildings automatically extracted from VHR satellite imagery. Feature extraction software was employed to map buildings present in a pansharpened QuickBird image of Lisbon. Quality assessment was exhaustive and involved comparisons of extracted features against a reference data set, introducing cartographic constraints from scales 1:1000, 1:5000, and 1:10,000. The spatial data quality elements subject to evaluation were: thematic (attribute) accuracy, completeness, and geometric quality assessed based on planimetric deviation from the reference map. Tests were developed and metrics analyzed considering thresholds and standards for the large mapping scales most frequently used by municipalities. Results show that values for completeness varied with mapping scales and were only slightly superior for scale 1:10,000. Concerning the geometric quality, a large percentage of extracted features met the strict topographic standards of planimetric deviation for scale 1:10,000, while no buildings were compliant with the specification for scale 1:1000.

Freire, S.; Santos, T.; Navarro, A.; Soares, F.; Silva, J. D.; Afonso, N.; Fonseca, A.; Tenedório, J.

2014-04-01

369

Low Grade Gliomas in Eloquent Locations - Implications for Surgical Strategy, Survival and Long Term Quality of Life  

PubMed Central

Background Surgical management of suspected LGG remains controversial. A key factor when deciding a surgical strategy is often the tumors’ perceived relationship to eloquent brain regions Objective To study the association between tumor location, survival and long-term health related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with supratentorial low-grade gliomas (LGG). Methods Adults (?18 years) operated due to newly diagnosed LGG from 1998 through 2009 included from two Norwegian university hospitals. After review of initial histopathology, 153 adults with supratentorial WHO grade II LGG were included in the study. Tumors’ anatomical location and the relationship to eloquent regions were graded. Survival analysis was adjusted for known prognostic factors and the initial surgical procedure (biopsy or resection). In long-term survivors, HRQL was assessed with disease specific questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and BN20) as well as a generic questionnaire (EuroQol 5D). Results There was a significant association between eloquence and survival (log-rank, p<0.001). The estimated 5-year survival was 77% in non-eloquent tumors, 71% in intermediate located tumors and 54% in eloquent tumors. In the adjusted analysis the hazard ratio of increasing eloquence was 1.5 (95% CI 1.1–2.0, p?=?0.022). There were no differences in HRQL between patients with eloquent and non-eloquent tumors. The most frequent self-reported symptoms were related to fatigue, cognition, and future uncertainty. Conclusion Eloquently located LGGs are associated with impaired survival compared to non-eloquently located LGG, but in long-term survivors HRQL is similar. Although causal inference from observational data should be done with caution, the findings illuminate the delicate balance in surgical decision making in LGGs, and add support to the probable survival benefits of aggressive surgical strategies, perhaps also in eloquent locations.

Jakola, Asgeir S.; Unsgard, Geirmund; Myrmel, Kristin S.; Kloster, Roar; Torp, Sverre H.; Lindal, Sigurd; Solheim, Ole

2012-01-01

370

What Education Leaders Need To Know Generally about Quality and Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues in the application of Total Quality Management (TQM) to the development of educational standards are discussed in this paper. The first part describes the basic tenets of TQM, which are: focus on the customer; long term commitment to continuous improvement; top management support and guidance; employee involvement and responsibility;…

Osborne, Bill

371

78 FR 44485 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The EPA is announcing an extension of the public comment period on the Proposed Rule Regarding ``Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation Plan Requirements'' (June 6, 2013). The EPA is extending the comment period that originally was scheduled to end on August 5, 2013. The extended comment period will close on September 4, 2013. The EPA is......

2013-07-24

372

Importance of the Primary Radioactivity Standard Laboratory and Implementation of its Quality Management  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents some specific aspects of the implementation of the quality management in the Radionuclide Metrology Laboratory, from IFIN-HH, the owner of the primary Romanian standard in radioactivity. The description of the accreditation, according to the EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005, is presented.

Sahagia, Maria; Razdolescu, Anamaria Cristina; Luca, Aurelian; Ivan, Constantin ['Horia Hulubei' National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), 407 Atomistilor Street, PO Box MG-6, Magurele, Ilfov County, RO-077125 (Romania)

2007-04-23

373

Exploring performance attribution : The case of quality management standards adoption and business performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Accreditation to the ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems Standard has proven to be a persistent and growing phenomenon in services and manufacturing, yet to date little attempt has been made to explore how performance results in cross-sectional research may be attributed to different causation mechanisms and how their influences may alter over time. This paper aims to fill

Gavin P. M. Dick

2009-01-01

374

Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards: Scope and Methods Plan for Welfare Risk and Exposure Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is presently conducting a review of the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for ozone. Sections 108 and 109 of the Clean Air Act (Act) govern the establishment and periodic review of the NAAQS. The...

2011-01-01

375

ATTAINMENT AND EFFECTS ISSUES REGARDING ALTERNATIVE SECONDARY OZONE AIR QUALITY STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The present secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for O3, established in 1979, is based on limited information from a few field studies on vegetation and may not be protective of crop damage due to O3 alone or in combination with other pollutants. onsiderable in...

376

Framework for High-Quality English Language Proficiency Standards and Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Framework for High-Quality English Language Proficiency Standards and Assessments" (Framework) was conceived as a critical tool in states' efforts to ensure that their English learner (EL) students achieve English language proficiency (ELP) and, also, achieve at high levels academically. Building on the best knowledge from relevant research…

Assessment and Accountability Comprehensive Center, 2009

2009-01-01

377

Focusing on Teacher Quality in the Quest for Higher Standards: The Early Literacy Inservice Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates the Early Literacy Inservice Course (ELIC) supported by the Australian Basic Learning in Primary Schools (BLIPS) program. Assesses ELIC and identifies a number of general issues about literacy programs. Focuses on improving standards of literacy and teacher quality through inservice activities. (KO)

Kennedy, Kerry J.; Hodgens, John

1989-01-01

378

An international comparison of the perceptions about the revised ISO 9000 quality system standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the research reported in this paper is to assess national differences between the Netherlands, Germany and Australia on the relative value of the 2000 version of the ISO 9000 series of quality management system standards in comparison to the 1994 version. A total number of 5606 organisations (the Netherlands, 3606; Germany, 1000; Australia, 1000), which have all

Ton van der Wiele; Jos van Iwaarden; Alan Brown; Ulrich Steimle; Klaus J. Zink

2009-01-01

379

Risk assessment: Describing the protection provided by ambient air quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

In discussing an approach to assessing the health risks that would obtain if various possible primary national ambient air quality standards were met, it is important to distinguish appropriate principles for probabilistic risk assessments from principles for the scientific research and scientific assessments on which they are based. Appropriate principles for probabilistic assessment are derived from the ultimate objective of

T. R. Feagons; W. F. Biller

1981-01-01

380

Parallel standard cell placement algorithms with quality equivalent to simulated annealing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parallel algorithms with quality equivalent to the simu- lated annealing placement algorithm for standard cells (23) are pre- sented. The first, called heuristic spanning, creates parallelism by simultaneously investigating different areas of the plausible combina- torial search space. It is used to replace the high temperature portion of simulated annealing. The low temperature portion of Simulated An- nealing is sped

JONATHAN S. ROSE; W. Martin Snelgrove; Zvonko G. Vranesic

1988-01-01

381

Importance of the Primary Radioactivity Standard Laboratory and Implementation of its Quality Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents some specific aspects of the implementation of the quality management in the Radionuclide Metrology Laboratory, from IFIN-HH, the owner of the primary Romanian standard in radioactivity. The description of the accreditation, according to the EN ISO/IEC 17025:2005, is presented.

Sahagia, Maria; Razdolescu, Anamaria Cristina; Luca, Aurelian; Ivan, Constantin

2007-04-01

382

The Impact of Imposing a Water Quality Standard on a Live Stream.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An evaluation is presented of the influence of water quality standards on the planning and development of a river basin and on the treatment requirements for wastewater discharges. The Big Sioux River in eastern South Dakota was selected for a case study ...

J. N. Dornbush J. R. Andersen J. Herreid D. J. Naughton K. L. Rakness

1971-01-01

383

Action for Environmental Quality. Standards and Enforcement for Air and Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for setting and enforcing environmental quality standards for the nation. With the Clean Air Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-604) and the Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (P.L. 92-500), the first truly nationwide control programs were established. This booklet is designed to inform the public…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

384

Validation trial of Japan's zinc water quality standard for aquatic life using field data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to validate Japan's zinc water quality standard for aquatic life (algae and benthic invertebrates) based on field survey data. The effects of zinc on aquatic life, especially algae and benthic invertebrates, were investigated mainly in water areas with upstream basins that contain mines. Seven biological indicators (number of cells or individuals, number of taxa, number of EPT

Kanae Matsuzaki

2011-01-01

385

Water quality acts: Standards, regulations, and reactions. (Latest citations from Pollution Abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning standards, regulations, and public and special interest reactions to various water quality acts or laws. Technical, environmental, economic, and political aspects of these laws are considered. Attention is also given to methods and problems of implementation and enforcement. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-07-01

386

Water Quality Acts: Standards, regulations, and reactions. (Latest citations from pollution abstracts). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning standards, regulations, and public and special interest reactions to various water quality acts or laws. Technical, environmental, economic, and political aspects of these laws are considered. Attention is also given to methods and problems of implementation and enforcement. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-11-01

387

Using Standards to Improve Middle School Students' Accuracy at Evaluating the Quality of Their Recall  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When recalling key term definitions from class materials, students may recall entirely incorrect definitions, yet will often claim that these commission errors are entirely correct; that is, they are overconfident in the quality of their recall responses. We investigated whether this overconfidence could be reduced by providing various standards

Lipko, Amanda R.; Dunlosky, John; Hartwig, Marissa K.; Rawson, Katherine A.; Swan, Karen; Cook, Dale

2009-01-01

388

DEVELOPMENT OF A NATIONAL CONSENSUS STANDARD FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Decisions on where and how to clean-up Federally-owned facilities contaminated by mixtures of hazardous chemical and radioactive wastes requires that quality environmental data be obtained. he Federal Government currently using several different standards or sets of requirements ...

389

[Weight parameters of water quality impact and risk grade determination of water environmental sensitive spots in Jiashan].  

PubMed

For the safety of the water environment in Jiashan county in Zhejiang Province, one-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality models are established based on three large-scale monitoring of hydrology and water quality in Jiashan county, three water environmental sensitive spots including Hongqitang dam Chijia hydrological station and Luxie pond are selected to investigate weight parameters of water quality impact and risk grade determination. Results indicate as follows (1) Internal pollution impact in Jiashan areas was greater than the external, the average weight parameters of internal chemical oxygen demand (COD) pollution is 55.3%, internal ammonia nitrogen (NH(4+)-N) is 67.4%, internal total phosphor (TP) is 63.1%. Non-point pollution impact in Jiashan areas was greater than point pollution impact, the average weight parameters of non-point COD pollutions is 53.7%, non-point NH(4+)-N is 65.9%, non-point TP is 57.8%. (2) The risk of Hongqitang dam and Chijia hydrological station are in the middle risk. The risk of Luxie pond is also in the middle risk in August, and in April and December the risk of Luxie pond is low. The strategic decision will be suggested to guarantee water environment security and social and economic security in the study. PMID:23002597

Xie, Rong-Rong; Pang, Yong; Zhang, Qian; Chen, Ke; Sun, Ming-Yuan

2012-07-01

390

Water Quality and Pollution. Environmental Studies. 4 Color Transparencies, Reproducibles & Teaching Guide. Grade 3, 4, 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The world is faced with a variety of environmental problems. No country has escaped pollution and resource depletion. Basic ecological principles are often ignored and sometimes this contributes to ecological disasters. This volume is designed to provide basic information about the quality of the earth's water resources. The visual aids,…

Ortleb, Edward P.; And Others

391

Review of Special Standards in Quality Management Systems Audits in Automotive Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quality management systems (QMS) in automotive industry generally have several differences in comparison with other industrial branches. Different customers have their own specific requirements, including requirements for quality audits. Audits are one of the coretools of quality management to make the PDCA (Plan - Do - Check - Act) cycle work. As a matter of fact, compliance with ISO/TS 16949:2009 requirements is a condition for supplying the automotive industry. However, there are some standards which co-exist together with the ISO 9001 based management systems and technical specification for QMS in automotive ISO/TS16949. Which are those specific standards in automotive industry and what standard to use and why - those are the questions to be answered in this paper. The aim of the paper is to review what standards are used for audits implementation in automotive industry in the Slovak Republic, and why the organizations keep following those "extra" standards even if certification for ISO/TS 16949 is required by all the car makers. The paper is structured as follows: after short introduction to the topic and related terms, presented is our methodology. . In the third section, the achieved results are discussed. And finally, the principal findings of the paper, limitations and conclusions are presented.

Šurinová, Yulia

2013-12-01

392

40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the primary national ambient air quality standards for oxides...is measured in the ambient air by a Federal reference method...required to be submitted to EPA's Air Quality System (AQS...physically replaced another instrument permanently, in which...

2013-07-01

393

Environmental Effects of Dredging. Documentation of the EFQUAL Module for ADDAMS: Comparison of Predicted Effluent Water Quality with Standards.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This technical note describes a technique for comparison of the predicted quality of effluent discharged from confined dredged material disposal areas with applicable water quality standards. This note also serves as documentation of a computer program ca...

M. R. Palermo P. R. Schroeder

1991-01-01

394

Identification of effective combinatorial markers for quality standardization of herbal medicines.  

PubMed

Quality standardization of herbal medicines (HMs) is an important task with great challenges. Selection of abundant compounds as markers is currently a major approach for the quality control of HMs; however, such marker compounds are irrelevant to the bioactivities in many cases. Taking Lycoridis Radiatae Bulbus (LRB) as an example, we proposed a universal strategy to identify the effective combinatorial markers (ECMs) that are representative of the bioactivities of HMs, and took them as chemical markers for quality standardization. Fingerprinting and quantification were employed to find out the common components in various batches of medicines. The contribution of each common compound to the overall bioactivity was determined through fingerprint-bioactivity modeling, which based on the absolute quantification of each compound and the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity of LRB. Two most effective compounds, ungerimine and galanthamine, were therefore proposed as ECMs. Interestingly, these two compounds could synergistically inhibit AChE. This approach demonstrated its strong advantage of the bioactivity relevant quality assessment when compared with conventional methods. And the success of applying this ECMs-based method to the quality assessment of unknown LRB samples proved that our approach was reliable and reproducible. In conclusion, this approach is not only useful for the bioactivity relevant quality control of HMs but also helpful for the discovery of ECMs as new drug candidates. PMID:24794938

Shi, Zi-Qi; Song, De-Fang; Li, Ruo-Qian; Yang, Hua; Qi, Lian-Wen; Xin, Gui-Zhong; Wang, Ding-Qian; Song, Hui-Peng; Chen, Jun; Hao, Haiping; Li, Ping

2014-06-01

395

An Analysis of the Correlation between Standards-Based, Non-Standards-Based Grading Systems and Achievement as Measured by the Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the correlation between the grades a student earns in his or her classroom and the scores that each student earned on the Colorado Student Assessment Program tests in Writing, Math, and Science. The study also examined the mean scores of varying sub-groups to determine if certain sub-groups demonstrated higher means, dependent…

Haptonstall, Kenneth G.

2010-01-01

396

The Primary Care Respiratory Society-UK Quality Award: development and piloting of quality standards for primary care respiratory medicine.  

PubMed

In an attempt to improve the standards of primary respiratory care in the UK, the Primary Care Respiratory Society-UK (PCRS-UK), in conjunction with other leading respiratory-interested health professional and patient groups, has devised a General Practice Quality Award for Respiratory Medicine. The Award is divided into three modules separated into a total of seven clinical standards (in parentheses): 'Clinical' (prevention, early and accurate diagnosis, acute care, chronic care); 'Organisational' (equipment); and 'The Practice Team' (practice learning needs, educational strategy). Assessment is by submission of a written portfolio of 37 pieces of evidence including audit, reflective learning, patient feedback, and significant event analyses. The Award was piloted in five respiratory-interested practices across the UK. The practices reported improvements in practice organisation, practice teamwork, improved process measures such as improvement in quality of spirometry, and improved patient access to patient services. All practices in the UK are being invited to apply for the Award in 2013. It is hoped that it will provide a framework and stimulus for provision of high-quality primary respiratory care, not only in the UK, but also some aspects of the Award may be applicable on a wider international scale. PMID:23974675

Gruffydd-Jones, Kevin; Small, Iain; Fletcher, Monica; Bryant, Tricia

2013-09-01

397

A Situative Metaphor for Teacher Learning: The Case of University Tutors Learning to Grade Student Coursework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the continuing concern about academic standards in the higher education sector a great deal of emphasis has been placed on quality assurance procedures rather than on considering how university tutors learn to grade the quality of work produced by students. As part of a larger research project focused on how tutors grade student coursework,…

Boyd, Pete; Bloxham, Sue

2014-01-01

398

A Study on Financial Reporting Standards and Accounting Quality- Evidence from China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to institutional theorists, the forms and business models of corporation are mainly shaped by factors such as politics, regulations, social norms and cultures. This paper examines how the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and institutional environment influence the accounting quality, in response to the threat of political extraction in China. We took mainland China as an example instead in our study, following the accounting quality definition of Barth et al. [2], we found that the developments of Chinese government performance audit are conspicuously different by region; to reflect such differences, we elaborated our research by dividing mainland China into 31 categories (provinces or cities). We set 2003-2010 as the time horizon for this study. After testing the Regression model, our empirical research achieved two conclusions: 1) IFRS adoption in China should significantly improve the accounting quality, and 2) IFRS and institutional environment should synthetically influence the quality of accounting as well.

Liou, Cheng-Hwai

2013-02-01

399

Beam-quality measurements for materials processing lasers and the proposed ISO standard  

SciTech Connect

Laser beam-quality can indicate the maximum power density that can be obtained with a specific laser and serves as a figure-of-merit when comparing lasers, calibrating lasers, and in assessing a laser`s operating condition. Measurements of laser beam-quality for a 1000 watt continuous wave CO{sub 2} laser and a 400 watt pulsed Nd:YAG laser have been completed. These measurements were made with two different type instruments: (1) a specially constructed apparatus that uses an integrating sphere and diamond apertures and (2) a commercially available instrument that incorporates a scanning and spinning hollow needle. Laser beam-quality and the propagation constants have been determined using a non-linear curve-fitting technique and the new proposed ISO standard for measuring laser beam-quality. The curve fitting analysis and the ISO analysis were found to produce approximately the same values for beam-quality and the propagation constants. However, a comparison of the experimental procedures required with the two techniques showed significant differences. The utility of the ISO technique was limited by it`s experimental procedural restrictions. The importance of spherical aberration in distorting laser beam-quality measurements and in limiting the application of beam-quality to laser spotsize prediction is also detailed.

Fuerschbach, P.W.; Essien, M.

1993-11-01

400

Questions and Answers on Quality, the ISO 9000 Standard Series, Quality System Registration, and Related Issues. More Questions and Answers on the ISO 9000 Standard Series and Related Issues.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides information on the development, content and application of the ISO 9000 standards to readers who are unfamiliar with these aspects of the standards. It attempts to answer some of the most commonly asked questions on quality; quality sy...

M. Breitenberg

1993-01-01

401

Handloom Industry-Quality Control and Standardization-Papers for Technical Session S-5, Nineteenth Indian Standards Convention, Madras, 17-22 January 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The papers presented at the convention include: Problems of Quality Control and Standardization in Handloom Industry; Handloom Fabrics - Technical Requirements for Export; Handloom Industry - Problems and Prospects; Handloom Industry in Haryana - Faciliti...

1982-01-01

402

Assessing Science Reasoning and Conceptual Understanding in the Primary Grades Using Standardized and Performance-Based Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Clarion, a Jacob K. Javits-funded project, focused on the scale-up of primary-grade science curricula. Curriculum units, based on an Integrated Curriculum Model (ICM), were developed for high-ability learners, but tried out with all students in Title I settings to study the efficacy of the units with all learners. The units focus on the…

Kim, Kyung Hee; VanTassel-Baska, Joyce; Bracken, Bruce A.; Feng, Annie; Stambaugh, Tamra

2014-01-01

403

Factors determining milk quality and implications for production structure under somatic cell count standard modification.  

PubMed

Consumer and processor demand for high-quality milk has placed increasing pressure on US milk producers to achieve higher product standards. International standards for somatic cell count (SCC) are becoming more stringent, but in May 2011, the United States National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments chose to retain the 750,000 cells/mL standard. Using ordinary least squares and quantile regressions on US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Resource Management Survey Dairy Costs and Returns Report data for 2005, we model producer and farm-level characteristics associated with SCC. Quantile regression analysis allows for a more parsed inquiry into statistical associations. Dairy Costs and Returns Report data provide cross-sectional information on the physical structure, input expenses, demographics, and outputs for farms in selected states. Location outside the Southeast, lower herd age, full-time farming status, use of biosecurity guidelines, good milking facilities and operations management, and application of related quality tests are all associated with lower SCC levels. Size of operation had little effect on SCC levels after controlling for other factors. Many of the operations that did not attain a more demanding SCC standard of 400,000 cells/mL had older operators, operators who expressed intention to exit within 10 yr, smaller size, and location in the Southeast when compared with those meeting the tighter standard. The results suggest that the stricter scheme favors larger farms that are more committed to production and are less likely to be sole or family proprietorships. PMID:22981577

Dong, F; Hennessy, D A; Jensen, H H

2012-11-01

404

Health-related quality of life in high-grade glioma patients  

PubMed Central

Gliomas are malignant primary brain tumors and yet incurable. Palliation and the maintenance or improvement of the patient's quality of life is therefore of main importance. For that reason, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become an important outcome measure in clinical trials, next to traditional outcome measures such as overall and progression-free survivals, and radiological response to treatment. HRQoL is a multidimensional concept covering physical, psychological, and social domains, as well as symptoms induced by the disease and its treatment. HRQoL is assessed by using self-reported, validated questionnaires. Various generic HRQoL questionnaires, which can be supplemented with a brain tumor- specific module, are available. Both the tumor and its treatment can have a negative effect on HRQoL. However, treatment with surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and supportive treatment may also improve patients' HRQoL, in addition to extending survival. It is expected that the impact of HRQoL measurements in both clinical trials and clinical practice will increase. Hence, it is important that HRQoL data are collected, analyzed, and interpreted correctly. Methodological issues such as selection bias and missing data may hamper the interpretation of HRQoL data and should therefore be accounted. In clinical trials, HRQoL can be used to assess the benefits of a new treatment strategy, which should be weighed carefully against the adverse effects of that treatment. In daily clinical practice, HRQoL assessments of an individual patient can be used to inform physicians about the impact of a specific treatment strategy, and it may facilitate the communication between the physicians and the patients.

Dirven, Linda; Aaronson, Neil K.; Heimans, Jan J.; Taphoorn, Martin J.B.

2014-01-01

405

Perceived Parental Control and Parent–Child Relational Qualities in Early Adolescents In Hong Kong: Parent Gender, Child Gender and Grade Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined parent gender, child gender and grade differences in perceived parental control and parent–adolescent\\u000a relational qualities in early adolescents in Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China. Utilizing a longitudinal research design,\\u000a 2,559 Chinese secondary school students responded to instruments assessing perceived parental behavioral control, parental\\u000a psychological control, and parent–child relational qualities over three consecutive years. Results showed that

Daniel T. L. Shek

2008-01-01

406

Evaluation of thermal cameras in quality systems according to ISO 9000 or EN 45000 standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the international standards ISO 9001-9004 and EN 45001-45003 the industrial plants and the accreditation laboratories that implemented the quality systems according to these standards are required to evaluate an uncertainty of measurements. Manufacturers of thermal cameras do not offer any data that could enable estimation of measurement uncertainty of these imagers. Difficulties in determining the measurement uncertainty is an important limitation of thermal cameras for applications in the industrial plants and the cooperating accreditation laboratories that have implemented these quality systems. A set of parameters for characterization of commercial thermal cameras, a measuring set, some results of testing of these cameras, a mathematical model of uncertainty, and a software that enables quick calculation of uncertainty of temperature measurements with thermal cameras are presented in this paper.

Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

2001-03-01

407

77 FR 74449 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Proposed Rule; Stay  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596; FRL-9759-1] RIN 2040-AF41 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Proposed Rule; Stay AGENCY: Environmental...temporarily stay our regulation the ``Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2012-12-14

408

77 FR 74985 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Streams and Downstream Protection Values for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596; FRL 9678-6] RIN 2040-AF39 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's...remanded to EPA two portions of its numeric water quality standards for nutrients in Florida...ow-docket@epa.gov. 3. Mail to: Water Docket, U.S. Environmental...

2012-12-18

409

European Standards for Quality Assurance and Institutional Practices of Student Assessment in the UK, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the student assessment procedures of 12 universities in the UK, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic with respect to their alignment with the European standards and guidelines on the quality of assessing higher education students (European Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance [ESG] 1.3). Based on qualitative…

Kohoutek, Jan

2014-01-01

410

40 CFR 50.13 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.13 Section 50.13 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

2013-07-01

411

40 CFR 50.7 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5. 50.7 Section 50.7 Protection...secondary ambient air quality standards for PM2.5 . (a) The national primary...concentration measured in the ambient air as PM2.5 (particles with an...

2013-07-01

412

A Common Vision: Teacher Quality Enhancement in the Middle Grades in Illinois. Collaborating for Success: Lessons Learned from Illinois' TQE Grant Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented from our case study evaluating the implementation of the IBHE's federally funded grant, "A Common Vision: Teacher Quality Enhancement in the Middle Grades in Illinois." Four sites were examined in terms of how they organized to attain the grant goals, and what aspects of organizational culture and leadership behavior…

Klostermann, Brenda K.; Presley, Jennifer B.

2005-01-01

413

Component part quality assurance concerns and standards : Comparison of world-class manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide practitioners of management with a comparative analysis of how two global firms ensure quality standards in new product development\\/new product manufacturability processes and manage design changes in reduced product life cycles in the current economic recession. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The firms selected were: Newell Rubbermaid, a high-volume manufacturer with a diverse

Alan D. Smith

2011-01-01

414

The Impact of Background Ozone on Compliance with Revised National Ambient Air Quality Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone, previously set as an 8-hr average of 0.08 parts per million (ppm), has been revised by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Historically, background concentrations originating from non-local sources were not considered to be a major constituent of ground-level ozone. However, previous research has shown that background ozone concentrations often

David J Williams; William T Potter; William W Clarkson; Dee A Sanders; John E Stevens; Mridul Gautam; Nigel Clark; Thomas Spencer; Daniel Carder; Thomas Balon; Paul Moynihan; Meng Yao; Qiong Zhang; David Hand; David Perram; Roy Taylor; Joshua Fu; David Streets; Carey Jang; Jiming Hao; Kebin He; Litao Wang; Qiang Zhang; Jan Paca; Martin Halecky; Mark Fitch; Hazem El-Zanan; Barbara Zielinska; Lynn Mazzoleni; D. Hansen; Hyun-Sun Kim; Seung-Muk Yi; Eric Edgerton; Gary Casuccio; Rick Saylor; Traci Lersch; Benjamin Hartsell; John Jansen; Roger Wayson; Gregg Fleming; Ralph Iovinelli; Hans Grimm; Delbert Eatough

2009-01-01

415

Responses of Riverine Macroinvertebrates to Zinc in Natural Streams: Implications for the Japanese Water Quality Standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a field survey in Japanese streams and rivers to generate useful information about whether the Japanese water\\u000a quality standard for zinc (Zn) in the freshwater environment (30 ?g\\/L) is over- or underprotective of the populations and\\u000a communities of lotic benthic macroinvertebrates. Many macroinvertebrate populations were reduced and community characteristics\\u000a were altered at two polluted sites with Zn concentrations above

Yuichi Iwasaki; Takashi Kagaya; Ken-ichi Miyamoto; Hiroyuki Matsuda

416

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2009-01-01

417

7 CFR 810.1404 - Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. 810.1404 Section 810.1404 ...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Sorghum >grades and Grade Requirements § 810.1404 Grades and grade requirements for sorghum. Grading factors Grades U.S....

2010-01-01

418

Assessing the sound quality of a grand piano for different tuning standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grand pianos are tuned to a standard frequency of 440 Hz for a4. Eighty years ago, the tuning standard was lower, around 432 Hz. In Germany, a group of music lovers insists that the sound quality of a grand piano when tuned to 432 Hz is much superior to that of the same instrument when tuned to 440 Hz. Therefore, well-controlled psychoacoustic experiments were performed to check the validity of that argument. Using a Welte-Steinway reproduction grand piano of the Deutsches Museum Muenchen, with the exception of the tuning, all other features of the pieces of music used as stimuli could be kept the same. The advantage of using the Welte-Steinway lies in the fact that reproductions of the music of famous (deceased) artists are available, who at their time performed at a lower tuning standard. Recordings of the music played at 432 vs 440 Hz were made on DAT and presented to the subjects via headphones for sound quality evaluation. Psychophysical procedures like semantic differential or preference scaling by ``random access'' that have proven successful for the assessment of sound quality in the context of car interior sounds were used in the experiments.

Fastl, Hugo

2003-10-01

419

European initiative towards quality standards in education and training for discovery, development and use of medicines.  

PubMed

This position paper recommends a set of standards for quality assessment of continuing professional development (CPD) for medicines research and development (R&D). We have developed these standards to help us achieve the education and training goals of the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI; www.imi.europa.eu/), which is developing courses to address the skills gaps in European medicines R&D. The IMI shared standard for course quality will enable professionals in medicines R&D to create a personalized portfolio of education and training that best suits their needs. Individuals already working in the pharmaceutical industry will be able to select modules for study on an as-needs basis, which may be combined to gain a qualification that is recognized throughout Europe. By seeking input from the medicines R&D community, especially professional bodies involved in the career development of biomedical scientists, we hope to initiate the creation of a mutually recognized framework for lifelong learning in medicines R&D. The shared standards call for defined and transparent admission criteria, a predefined set of teaching objectives leading to defined learning outcomes, assessment of the students' achievement, a system for collecting, assessing and addressing feedback, and provision of appropriate and updated reference material. This framework will make it easier for professionals to develop the skills required by industry, and easier for employers to recognize professionals with appropriate skills. It will obviate some of the need for retraining personnel who have already developed appropriate skills in a different setting, thereby saving the industry additional effort. Fulfilment of quality standards by course providers will be made transparent within the IMI's catalogue of courses, on-course (www.on-course.eu), which will be made publicly available during 2012. PMID:22178534

Klech, Heinrich; Brooksbank, Cath; Price, Shirley; Verpillat, Patrice; Bühler, Fritz R; Dubois, Dominique; Haider, Norbert; Johnson, Claire; Lindén, Hans H; Payton, Tony; Renn, Oliver; See, Wolf

2012-04-11

420

[Management of quality in an Intensive Care Unit: implementation of ISO 9001:2008 international standard].  

PubMed

The Quality Management Systems make it possible to prioritize actions to maintain the safety and efficacy of health technologies. The Intensive Care Unit of our hospital has implemented a quality management plan, which has obtained accreditation as "Service Certificate that manages its activities according to UNE-EN ISO 9001:2008" standard. With the application of quality management system, it has been possible to detect the needs that the Service can cover in order to obtain the satisfaction of the patient, relative or health personnel of the other services of the hospital, to improve communications inside and outside of service, to secure greater understanding of the processes of the organization and control of risk, to delimit responsibilities clearly to all the personnel, to make better use of the time and resources and, finally, to improve the motivation of the personnel. PMID:20822737

Lorenzo Torrent, R; Sánchez Palacios, M; Santana Cabrera, L; Cobian Martinez, J L; García del Rosario, C

2010-10-01

421

Hippocampal-sparing radiotherapy: the new standard of care for World Health Organization grade II and III gliomas?  

PubMed

The neurocognitive effects of cranial radiotherapy in patients with gliomas are well-recognised and may be related to the dose delivered to the hippocampi. Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is a radiotherapy technique that can be used to selectively spare the hippocampi without compromising the dose delivered to the tumour. This study aimed to evaluate if hippocampal-sparing IMRT is achievable in patients with World Health Organization (WHO) grade II and III gliomas. A retrospective review of consecutive patients with WHO grade II and III gliomas treated with IMRT at our institution between January 2009 and August 2012 was performed. Hippocampal-sparing was defined as a mean dose to at least one hippocampus of less than 30 Gy. The dose delivered to the tumour was never compromised to achieve the hippocampal dose constraint. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify predictive factors for achieving hippocampal-sparing treatment. Eighteen patients were identified and hippocampal-sparing was achieved in 14 (78%). The median dose prescribed was 59.4 Gy in 33 fractions and 11 patients had WHO grade III gliomas. The mean dose to the contralateral hippocampus was 24.9 Gy. Planning target volumes less than 420.5 cm3 were more likely to enable hippocampal-sparing treatment to be given (hazard ratio 1.7, p=0.03) and there was a trend with oligodendrogliomas and anaplastic oligodendrogliomas. Hippocampal-sparing radiotherapy is feasible in patients with WHO grade II and III gliomas. Oncologic outcomes are yet to be assessed prospectively. The relationship between hippocampal dose and neurocognitive function in adults is currently under investigation. PMID:24090519

Pinkham, M B; Bertrand, K C; Olson, S; Zarate, D; Oram, J; Pullar, A; Foote, M C

2014-01-01

422

Grading and Differentiation: Paradox or Good Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers often perceive an inherent conflict between "differentiated instruction," which emphasizes attention to variance in students' readiness levels, interests, and learning profiles, and "the grading system," which seems to indicate a sort of rigidity and standardization. This article examines key principles of quality differentiation and of…

Tomlinson, Carol Ann

2005-01-01

423

High-dimensional nested analysis of variance to assess the effect of production season, quality grade and steam pasteurization on the phenolic composition of fermented rooibos herbal tea.  

PubMed

A nested analysis of variance combined with simultaneous component analysis, ASCA, was proposed to model high-dimensional chromatographic data. The data were obtained from an experiment designed to investigate the effect of production season, quality grade and post-production processing (steam pasteurization) on the phenolic content of the infusion of the popular herbal tea, rooibos, at 'cup-of-tea' strength. Specifically, a four-way analysis of variance where the experimental design involves nesting in two of the three crossed factors was considered. For the purpose of the study, batches of fermented rooibos plant material were sampled from each of four quality grades during three production seasons (2009, 2010 and 2011) and a sub-sample of each batch was steam-pasteurized. The phenolic content of each rooibos infusion was characterized by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-diode array detection (DAD). In contrast to previous studies, the complete HPLC-DAD signals were used in the chemometric analysis in order to take into account the entire phenolic profile. All factors had a significant effect on the phenolic content of a 'cup-of-tea' strength rooibos infusion. In particular, infusions prepared from the grade A (highest quality) samples contained a higher content of almost all phenolic compounds than the lower quality plant material. The variations of the content of isoorientin and orientin in the different quality grade infusions over production seasons are larger than the variations in the content of aspalathin and quercetin-3-O-robinobioside. Ferulic acid can be used as an indicator of the quality of rooibos tea as its content generally decreases with increasing tea quality. Steam pasteurization decreased the content of the majority of phenolic compounds in a 'cup-of-tea' strength rooibos infusion. PMID:24054637

Stanimirova, I; Kazura, M; de Beer, D; Joubert, E; Schulze, A E; Beelders, T; de Villiers, A; Walczak, B

2013-10-15

424

The standardization of nonsterile compounding: a study in quality control and assessment for hormone compounding.  

PubMed

Sterile and nonsterile compounding of medication has attracted much attention over the last few years due to the onset of various infections and negative compounding practices. This paper reports on the standardization of compounded hormones utilizing the Wiley Protocol, which provides nonsynthetic bioidentical estradiol, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, and testosterone in a transdermal topical cream base for women and men in a standardized dosing regimen. Here, we present data from 2008 through 2012, which details the process of standardization and quality testing of the hormones through submission of random compounded samples for quality control and assessment. Pharmacies delivering the Wiley Protocol were required to follow the same compounding formulation, as well as submit random samples for quarterly testing. Sample concentrations were tested using high-performance liquid chromatography. We found that pharmacies that submitted samples had a 91% passing rating with a percent of target of 98.6% +/- 8.4%. It was also determined that pharmacies that prepared more compounded cream had a higher passing rating than those that prepared limited quantities. We found that standardization across multiple pharmacies could be achieved through quarterly testing of submitted samples by a third-party laboratory when following necessary procedures as defined by the Wiley Protocol. It was also determined that experience and training were a critical factor in the mixing of compounded prescriptions, with high consistency and accuracy providing patient safety. PMID:24881121

Wiley, T S; Odegard, R D; Raden, J; Haraldsen, J T

2014-01-01

425

Comparison of commercially available Escherichia coli enumeration tests: implications for attaining water quality standards.  

PubMed

Many states are replacing microbiological water quality standards based on "fecal" or thermotolerant coliforms (ThCs) with new standards that employ Escherichia coli as the indicator organism. Implicit in these new standards are assumptions about the equivalence of E. coli enumeration tests and the E. coli levels that will provide protection equivalent to former ThC standards. To investigate these assumptions, E. coli levels in split samples (tests conducted on portions of the same grab sample) collected from small urban streams were determined using enzyme-specific media (Colilert, m-ColiBlue24, and nutrient agar with MUG) and compared to levels determined with conventional culture media (m-FC and m-TEC). Although levels observed with all tests were highly correlated, significantly fewer E. coli were enumerated with m-TEC than with enzyme-specific media (paired Student's t-test, alpha>99%). In addition, E. coli were found to comprise a larger fraction (84-104%, depending on the test) of the total presumptive ThC concentration than that suggested by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (63%). Both of these observations (1) the improvement in E. coli yields observed with enzyme-specific media, and (2) the greater proportion of ThC organisms that are E. coli, indicate that more water quality violations will occur when enzyme-specific media are used for testing than if conventional culture media are used. PMID:16313941

Hamilton, William P; Kim, Moonil; Thackston, Edward L

2005-12-01

426

Significance and behaviour of heavy metals in wastewater treatment processes. IV. Water quality standards and criteria.  

PubMed

Literature on the health aspects of the presence of heavy metals in water and wastewaters is reviewed and quality standards, criteria and legislation promulgated by the World Health Organisation, European Economic Community, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Government of the U.S.S.R. are assessed and compared. It is evident from the literature that standards applied differ according to the projected water use and that although standards for potable water are generally based on human health criteria, other factors including available technology and economics may be limiting. Emphasis has been placed on the protection of raw water quality as a result of the limited ability of potable water treatment processes to remove certain heavy metals. It is apparent that limitations on heavy metals in discharges from the chlor-alkali and cadmium salts and pigments industries are more stringent in the United States than in the European Economic Community. It is concluded that the finite availability of unpolluted freshwater will result in greater water re-use and that appropriate standards are required to protect potable supply, raw water and agricultural land from contamination by heavy metals. PMID:6395340

Kirk, P W; Lester, J N

1984-12-01

427

Perceptual Quality Measurement—Towards a More Efficient Process for Validating Objective Models [Standards in a Nutshell  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Quality of Service Metrics (QoSM) Committee of the Alliance for Telecommunication Industry Standards (ATIS) Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) Interoperability Forum (?F) is tasked with defining how objective quality metrics can provide meaningful IPTV performance measures. This group has reviewed current objective quality models as well as the processes by which such models are validated. This article describes current practices

Robert C. Streijl; Stefan Winkler; David S. Hands

2010-01-01

428

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS Bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included. (Contains a minimum of 101 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-12-01

429

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-11-01

430

Comparison of Grading Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conventional, standard scores, deviation-weighted, weighted root-mean-square, and geometric-mean grading methods are described, noting strengths/weaknesses of each. Methods are compared to aid in selecting the most equitable one. Also shows that grades depend not only on student achievement but also on the way the teacher determines a grade. (JN)

Remillard, Wilfred J.

1983-01-01

431

Data Analysis and Statistics across the Curriculum. Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics Addenda Series. Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1989 document, "Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics" (the "Standards"), provides a vision and a framework for revising and strengthening the K-12 mathematics curriculum in North American schools and for evaluating both the mathematics curriculum and students' progress. When completed, it is expected that the Addenda…

Burrill, Gail; And Others

432

Improving the Quality of Maternal and Neonatal Care: the Role of Standard Based Participatory Assessments  

PubMed Central

Background Gaps in quality of care are seriously affecting maternal and neonatal health globally but reports of successful quality improvement cycles implemented at large scale are scanty. We report the results of a nation-wide program to improve quality of maternal and neonatal hospital care in a lower-middle income country focusing on the role played by standard-based participatory assessments. Methods Improvements in the quality of maternal and neonatal care following an action-oriented participatory assessment of 19 areas covering the whole continuum from admission to discharge were measured after an average period of 10 months in four busy referral maternity hospitals in Uzbekistan. Information was collected by a multidisciplinary national team with international supervision through visit to hospital services, examination of medical records, direct observation of cases and interviews with staff and mothers. Scores (range 0 to 3) attributed to over 400 items and combined in average scores for each area were compared with the baseline assessment. Results Between the first and the second assessment, all four hospitals improved their overall score by an average 0.7 points out of 3 (range 0.4 to 1), i.e. by 22%. The improvements occurred in all main areas of care and were greater in the care of normal labor and delivery (+0.9), monitoring, infection control and mother and baby friendly care (+0.8) the role of the participatory action-oriented approach in determining the observed changes was estimated crucial in 6 out of 19 areas and contributory in other 8. Ongoing implementation of referral system and new classification of neonatal deaths impede the improved process of care to be reflected in current statistics. Conclusions Important improvements in the quality of hospital care provided to mothers and newborn babies can be achieved through a standard-based action-oriented and participatory assessment and reassessment process.

Tamburlini, Giorgio; Yadgarova, Klara; Kamilov, Asamidin; Bacci, Alberta

2013-01-01

433

Role of maximum standardized uptake value in fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography predicts malignancy grade and prognosis of operable breast cancer: a multi-institute study.  

PubMed

The malignant biological behavior of breast cancer remains obscure on diagnostic images, although understanding the grade of such malignancy is important for selecting appropriate treatment. Therefore, malignancy grades in operable breast cancer were evaluated using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in a multicenter setting. We prospectively examined the features and prognosis of 344 patients (mean age ± SD: 58.0 ± 12.5 years) with clinical stages I-III breast cancer, who underwent surgical intervention without induction therapy between January 2006 and December 2011. Maximum standardized uptake values (maxSUV) obtained from whole-body fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT immediately before surgery were assessed to predict the malignant aggressiveness of tumors including the recurrence-free survival of the patients. Variations in maxSUV among institutions, which are limitations of PET assessments in multicenter studies, were adjusted using a phantom study. The median follow up period was 52 months. The patients were divided into groups according to cut-off maxSUV (?3.0 vs. >3.0) values established from receiver operating characteristic analysis of recurrence (area under the curve = 0.713). A higher maxSUV was significantly associated with a higher T-factor (p < 0.0001), N-factor (p = 0.0049), nuclear grade (p < 0.0001), negative for estrogen (p = 0.0309), and progesterone receptors (p = 0.0063), positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p = 0.0012), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.0128), and vascular invasion (p = 0.0110). Multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazard regression model revealed high maxSUV and negative estrogen receptor status as significantly prognostic factors (p = 0.033 and p = 0.004, respectively). This study demonstrated that maxSUV on PET/CT as well as estrogen receptor status is useful to predict malignancy grades and the prognosis of patients with breast cancer. PMID:24026860

Kadoya, Takayuki; Aogi, Kenjiro; Kiyoto, Sachiko; Masumoto, Norio; Sugawara, Yoshifumi; Okada, Morihito

2013-09-01

434

The regulation of protein content and quality in national and international food standards.  

PubMed

Food regulation aims to protect public health through a safe and nutritious food supply produced by a compliant food industry. Food standards of developed countries generally do not regulate protein content or protein quality because the risk of dietary protein inadequacy in their national populations is very low. Protein is nevertheless regulated for reasons of product quality or protein labelling or to minimise assessed health risks associated with consumption of certain animal- and vegetable-protein foods; analogue products that extend or simulate commonly available animal-protein foods; and special purpose foods such as infant formula and foods, supplementary and medical foods, and foods for weight loss. The extent and approach to protein regulation varies greatly among jurisdictions but where it occurs, it is applied through minimum and sometimes maximum limits on protein content or quality measures or both using an inter-related approach. Protein quality measures range from amino acid profiles and digestibility corrected scores to protein rating, a rat bioassay and reference proteins not further described. Regulatory methods for protein quality determination are referenced to the published scientific literature or developed nationally. Internationally, the Codex Alimentarius regulates the protein content and quality of some foods. The Codex approach varies according to the food but is similar to the approaches used in national and regional food regulation. This paper provides a comparison of the regulation of protein in foods using examples from the food regulations of Australia New Zealand, Canada, the European Union, the United States of America and the Codex Alimentarius. PMID:23107530

Lewis, Janine L

2012-08-01

435

[Implementation of the technical requirements of the UNE-EN-ISO 15189 quality standard in a mycobacterial laboratory].  

PubMed

The UNE-EN-ISO 15189:2007 standard defines the requirements for quality and competence that must be met by medical laboratories. These laboratories should use this international standard to develop their own quality management systems and to evaluate their own competencies; in turn, this standard will be used by accreditation bodies to confirm or recognize the laboratories' competence. In clinical microbiology laboratories, application of the standard implies the implementation of the technical and specific management requirements that must be met to achieve optimal quality when carrying out microbiological tests. In Spain, accreditation is granted by the Spanish Accreditation Body (Entidad Nacional de Acreditación). This review aims to discuss the practical application of the standard's technical requirements in mycobacterial laboratory. Firstly, we define the scope of accreditation. Secondly, we specify how the items of the standard on personnel management, control of equipment, environmental facilities, method validation, internal controls and customer satisfaction surveys were developed and implemented in our laboratory. PMID:23453231

Guna Serrano, M del Remedio; Ocete Mochón, M Dolores; Lahiguera, M José; Bresó, M Carmen; Gimeno Cardona, Concepción

2013-02-01

436

Comparison of the 1Hr and 8Hr National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone Using Models3  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency revised the National Ambient Air Quality Standard governing ozone (O3), adding an 8-hr standard of 0.08 ppm and phasing out the 1-hr requirement of 0.12 ppm. The 8-hr standard is intended to provide greater protection for human health. This research examines spatial and temporal patterns of exceedances of the standards using monitoring data

Michelle Bell; Hugh Ellis

2003-01-01

437

Development and status of data quality assurance program at NASA Langley research center: Toward national standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of a continuing effort to re-engineer the wind tunnel testing process, a comprehensive data quality assurance program is being established at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The ultimate goal of the program is routing provision of tunnel-to-tunnel reproducibility with total uncertainty levels acceptable for test and evaluation of civilian transports. The operational elements for reaching such levels of reproducibility are: (1) statistical control, which provides long term measurement uncertainty predictability and a base for continuous improvement, (2) measurement uncertainty prediction, which provides test designs that can meet data quality expectations with the system's predictable variation, and (3) national standards, which provide a means for resolving tunnel-to-tunnel differences. The paper presents the LaRC design for the program and discusses the process of implementation.

Hemsch, Michael J.

1996-01-01

438

Standard Review Plan for Environmental Restoration Program Quality Management Plans. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Manual Environmental Restoration Program Quality System Requirements (QSR) for the Hanford Site, defines all quality requirements governing Hanford Environmental Restoration (ER) Program activities. The QSR requires that ER Program participants develop Quality Management Plans (QMPs) that describe how the QSR requirements will be implemented for their assigned scopes of work. This standard review plan (SRP) describes the ER program participant responsibilities for submittal of QMPs to the RL Environmental Restoration Division for review and the RL methodology for performing the reviews of participant QMPS. The SRP serves the following functions: acts as a guide in the development or revision of QMPs to assure that the content is complete and adequate; acts as a checklist to be used by the RL staff in their review of participant QMPs; acts as an index or matrix between the requirements of the QSR and implementing methodologies described in the QMPs; decreases the time and subjectivity of document reviews; and provides a formal, documented method for describing exceptions, modifications, or waivers to established ER Program quality requirements.

Not Available

1993-12-01

439

Maternal near miss--towards a standard tool for monitoring quality of maternal health care.  

PubMed

Maternal mortality is still among the worst performing health indicators in resource-poor settings. For deaths occurring in health facilities, it is crucial to understand the processes of obstetric care in order to address any identified weakness or failure within the system and take corrective action. However, although a significant public health problem, maternal deaths are rare in absolute numbers especially within an individual facility. Studying cases of women who nearly died but survived a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or postpartum (maternal near miss or severe acute maternal morbidity) are increasingly recognized as useful means to examine quality of obstetric care. Nevertheless, routine implementation and wider application of this concept in reviewing clinical care has been limited due to the lack of a standard definition and uniform case-identification criteria. WHO has initiated a process in agreeing on a definition and developing a uniform set of identification criteria for maternal near miss cases aiming to facilitate the reviews of these cases for monitoring and improving quality of obstetric care. A list of identification criteria was proposed together with one single definition. This article presents the proposed definition and the identification criteria of maternal near miss cases. It also suggests procedures to make maternal near miss audits operational in monitoring/evaluating quality of obstetric care. The practical implementation of maternal near miss concept should provide an important contribution to improving quality of obstetric care to reduce maternal deaths and improve maternal health. PMID:19303368

Say, Lale; Souza, João Paulo; Pattinson, Robert C

2009-06-01

440

High-quality polarization entanglement state preparation and manipulation in standard telecommunication channels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a simple and practical approach for generating high-quality polarization entanglement in a fully guided-wave fashion. Both deterministic pair separation into two adjacent telecommunication channels and the paired photons' temporal walk-off compensation are achieved using standard fiber components. Two-photon interference experiments are performed, both for quantitatively demonstrating the relevance of our approach and for manipulating the produced state between bosonic and fermionic symmetries. The compactness, versatility and reliability of this configuration makes it a potential candidate for quantum communication applications.

Kaiser, F.; Issautier, A.; Ngah, L. A.; D?nil?, O.; Herrmann, H.; Sohler, W.; Martin, A.; Tanzilli, S.

2012-08-01

441

Teaching tools for the Marker Model for standards development and the Umbrella Model for quality assurance.  

PubMed

The learning process benefits adults more when the material is presented in the presence of "positive conditions." Teaching standards developed and QA provides ample opportunity to provide positive conditions. The Marker Model is easily adapted to all practice settings and can often be taught by using unit-specific or patient population-specific examples; however, developing these specific examples can be time-consuming. Instruction is often given to groups of nurses from different clinical areas, so unit- or patient population-specific examples are therefore inappropriate. Development of the "universal" example has also provided humor for the presentation. The Head of Household Standards model and the Quality Assurance Plan for Head of Household are applicable to almost all adults and are easily understood (see boxes). They supply further humor in their "audit" formats (Figures 3 and 4). PMID:10118940

Brennan, M

1992-06-01

442

AIR QUALITY DATA ANALYSIS SYSTEM FOR INTERRELATING EFFECTS, STANDARDS, AND NEEDED SOURCE REDUCTIONS. PART 9. CALCULATING EFFECTIVE AMBIENT AIR QUALITY PARAMETERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Ambient air quality data can often be characterized by the two characteristic parameters of the lognormal distribution, the geometric mean, and the standard geometric deviation, but some ambient data are far from lognormal. The paper suggests that even though an air quality data ...

443

Enhancing quality of life and mastery of informal caregivers of high-grade glioma patients: a randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

High-grade gliomas (HGG) are serious primary brain tumors that may prevent the patient from functioning normally in social, emotional and cognitive respect. Often the partner's role will convert to that of informal caregiver. Consequently, they may experience significant stress and reductions in caregiver mastery, negatively affecting their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We aimed at (1) determining factors that impact HRQOL and mastery of caregivers of HGG patients, and (2) investigate if a structured intervention consisting of psychoeducation and cognitive behavioral therapy leads to improvements in the mental component of HRQOL and mastery of caregivers. Fifty-six patient-caregiver dyads were randomly assigned to the intervention group or the care as usual group. The intervention program consisted of six one-hour sessions with a psychologist. Participants completed questionnaires concerning their perceptions of the patients' HRQOL (SF-36), neurological functioning (BN20), and cognitive functioning (MOS), and concerning their own HRQOL (SF-36) and feelings of caregiver mastery (CMS) both at baseline (i.e. before randomization) and every 2 months thereafter until 8 months later, five times in total. Patients' HRQOL and neurological functioning were found to be related to HRQOL and feelings of mastery of the informal caregiver at baseline. The intervention helped caregivers in maintaining a stable level of HRQOL and improved feelings of mastery over an 8 month period. Our findings suggest that informal caregivers can benefit from a psychological intervention as it is a helpful tool in maintaining a stable level of mental functioning and caregiver mastery. PMID:23212677

Boele, Florien W; Hoeben, Wopke; Hilverda, Karen; Lenting, Jeroen; Calis, Anne-Lucia; Sizoo, Eefje M; Collette, Emma H; Heimans, Jan J; Taphoorn, Martin J B; Reijneveld, Jaap C; Klein, Martin

2013-02-01

444

Basing information on comprehensive, critically appraised, and up-to-date syntheses of the scientific evidence: a quality dimension of the International Patient Decision Aid Standards  

PubMed Central

Background Patients and clinicians expect patient decision aids to be based on the best available research evidence. Since 2005, this expectation has translated into a quality dimension of the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. Methods We reviewed the 2005 standards and the available literature on the evidence base of decision aids as well as searched for parallel activities in which evidence is brought to bear to inform clinical decisions. In conducting this work, we noted emerging and research issues that require attention and may inform this quality dimension in the future. Results This dimension requires patient decision aids to be based on research evidence about the relevant options and the nature and likelihood of their effect on outcomes that matter to patients. The synthesis of evidence should be comprehensive and up-to-date, and the evidence itself subject to critical appraisal. Ethical (informed patient choice), quality-of-care (patient-centered care), and scientific (evidence-based medicine) arguments justify this requirement. Empirical evidence suggests that over two thirds of available decision aids are based on high-quality evidence syntheses. Emerging issues identified include the duties of developers regarding the conduct of systematic reviews, the impact of comparative effectiveness research, their link with guidelines based on the same evidence, and how to present the developers’ confidence in the estimates to the end-users. Systematic application of the GRADE system, common in contemporary practice guideline development, could enhance satisfaction of this dimension. Conclusions While theoretical and practical issues remained to be addressed, high-quality patient decision aids should adhere to this dimension requiring they be based on comprehensive and up-to-date summaries of critically appraised evidence.

2013-01-01

445

PREDICTING THE IMPACT OF TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON PLANTS AND ECOSYSTEMS AS A BASIS FOR SETTING NATIONAL AIR QUALITY STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The Clean Air Act provides for establishing National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public welfare (including crops, forests, ecosystems, and soils) from adverse effects of air pollutants, including tropospheric ozone. The formulation of policies is science-base...

446

Evaluation of Water Quality Standards in California, Maryland, Ohio, and Oregon: Case Studies, l965-1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report examines how water quality standards were actually used in cleanup programs on Dominguez Channel, the Tuolumne River, the Sacramento River, the Williamette River, the Maumee River, the Mahoning River and Baltimore Harbor. Although it does not c...

J. Horowitz L. A. Bazel

1974-01-01

447

Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Nitrogen Dioxide Assessment of Scientific and Technical Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper evaluates and interprets the updated scientific and technical information that EPA staff believes is most relevant to the review of the primary (health) and secondary (environment; welfare) national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for nit...

V. V. Atwell C. C. Edwards D. J. McKee

1995-01-01

448

77 FR 64036 - Determination of Attainment of the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards in the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...standard for the 2007-2009 monitoring period, and complete, quality-assured...18, 2011 proposal presented monitoring data for the Sacramento Metro...13, 2012 at the Sloughhouse Road monitoring site. Since there were no...

2012-10-18

449

Air-quality data-analysis system for interrelating effects, standards, and needed source reductions. Part 9. Calculating effective ambient air-quality parameters  

SciTech Connect

Ambient air-quality data can often be characterized by the two characteristic parameters of the lognormal distribution, the geometric mean, and the standard geometric deviation, but some ambient data are far from lognormal. The paper suggests that even though an air quality data set is not lognormal, the effects of the concentrations can be characterized with an effective geometric mean and an effective standard geometric deviation calculated from the effective and arithmetic means. These two effective parameters can be used to characterize air-quality at a site, in terms of its expected effects on plants, and to compare these parameters and the expected plant effects from site to site.

Larsen, R.I.; Heck, W.W.

1985-01-01

450

Achieving Standards in Urban Systemic Reform: An Example of a Sixth Grade Project-Based Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems,…

Rivet, Ann E.; Krajcik, Joseph S.

2004-01-01

451

Age of Exploration. Grade 5 Model Lesson for Standard 5.2. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 5.2 is delineated as: Students trace the routes of early explorers and describe the early explorations of the Americas. The Age of Exploration, which began in the late 1400s, was an important era in the discovery and development of land yet unknown to Europeans. During this period, Europeans sought new sea routes to Asia…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

452

Rules and Responsibilities: Grade 1 Model Lesson for Standard 1. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As long as people have lived within groups, there have been rules and laws to govern behavior. Schools are one of the first institutions that children encounter that set standards for their behavior. Learning how to cope with school rules when they are young helps students develop social skills and a sense of responsibility and become good…

Roth, Patsy; Porter, Priscilla

453

The EC Standards, Measurements and Testing Programme in support of the quality control of waste analysis.  

PubMed

Projects funded within the EC Standards, Measurements and Testing Programme (SM&T) of the European Commission aim to contribute to the harmonization and improvement of methods and measurements carried out within the European Union and hence to the comparability of data necessary for e.g. trade activities, monitoring of environment, food and health control, etc. This goal may be achieved by e.g. the organization of interlaboratory studies and certifications of reference materials, the development of new methods and pre-normative research. Examples of projects undertaken in support of the quality of waste analysis are given in this paper, covering different aspects, namely interlaboratory study and certification of extractable trace metals in sewage sludge amended soil reference materials, pre-normative research for the characterisation of stabilized waste (interlaboratory study), and development of field-measurement device for the monitoring of waste water quality; this paper gives also an account of a network aimed at harmonising leaching/extraction tests used for environmental risk assessment. Finally, the main topics of the workshop on Standards, Measurements and Testing for Solid Waste Management are given in the annex, along with a list of participants. PMID:18967166

Quevauviller, P

1998-07-01

454

Combination of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgical resection as a new strategy for WHO grade II gliomas: a study of cognitive status and quality of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diffuse WHO grade II (GIIG) may be unresectable when involving critical structures. To assess the feasibility and functional\\u000a tolerance (cognition and quality of life) of an original therapeutic strategy combining neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed\\u000a by surgical resection for initially inoperable GIIG. Ten patients underwent Temozolomide for unresectable GIIG, as initial\\u000a treatment or at recurrence after previous partial resection, due to invasion

Marie Blonski; Luc Taillandier; Guillaume Herbet; Igor Lima Maldonado; Patrick Beauchesne; Michel Fabbro; Chantal Campello; Catherine Gozé; Valérie Rigau; Sylvie Moritz-Gasser; Christine Kerr; Roberta Rudà; Riccardo Soffietti; Luc Bauchet; Hugues Duffau

455

Examination of Fast Reactor Fuels, FBR Analytical Quality Assurance Standards and Methods, and Analytical Methods Development, Irradiation Tests. Progress Report, July 1--September 30, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since the first quarterly report (LA--5798-PR), the Analytical Quality Assurance Standards and Methods project has been divided into the following two projects: FBR analytical quality assurance standards and methods and analytical methods development, irr...

R. D. Baker

1978-01-01

456

40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. T...

2013-07-01

457

75 FR 45579 - Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Supplemental Notice...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OW-2009-0596; FRL-9185-2] RIN 2040-AF11 Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters; Supplemental Notice of Data Availability...NPRM), proposing numeric nutrient water quality criteria to protect aquatic...

2010-08-03

458

The Integration of European Air Quality Standards in Spatial Planning: New Avenues for More Sustainable Urban Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the strict air quality standards which are imposed by the European Air Framework Directive (2008\\/50\\/EC) and its predecessors, the air quality in large parts of Western Europe remains poor. Although emissions haven fallen over the last two decades in the European Union (EU), this has not always led to a corresponding drop in pollutant concentrations in the

Hendrick Schoukens

2012-01-01

459

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS...P to Part 50âInterpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air...

2010-07-01

460

Estimating the pollution risk of cadmium in soil using a composite soil environmental quality standard.  

PubMed

Estimating standard-exceeding probabilities of toxic metals in soil is crucial for environmental evaluation. Because soil pH and land use types have strong effects on the bioavailability of trace metals in soil, they were taken into account by some environmental protection agencies in making composite soil environmental quality standards (SEQSs) that contain multiple metal thresholds under different pH and land use conditions. This study proposed a method for estimating the standard-exceeding probability map of soil cadmium using a composite SEQS. The spatial variability and uncertainty of soil pH and site-specific land use type were incorporated through simulated realizations by sequential Gaussian simulation. A case study was conducted using a sample data set from a 150 km(2) area in Wuhan City and the composite SEQS for cadmium, recently set by the State Environmental Protection Administration of China. The method may be useful for evaluating the pollution risks of trace metals in soil with composite SEQSs. PMID:24672364

Qu, Mingkai; Li, Weidong; Zhang, Chuanrong; Huang, Biao; Zhao, Yongcun

2014-01-01

461

Integrating Susceptibility into Environmental Policy: An Analysis of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead  

PubMed Central

Susceptibility to chemical toxins has not been adequately addressed in risk assessment methodologies. As a result, environmental policies may fail to meet their fundamental goal of protecting the public from harm. This study examines how characterization of risk may change when susceptibility is explicitly considered in policy development; in particular we examine the process used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead. To determine a NAAQS, EPA estimated air lead-related decreases in child neurocognitive function through a combination of multiple data elements including concentration-response (CR) functions. In this article, we present alternative scenarios for determining a lead NAAQS using CR functions developed in populations more susceptible to lead toxicity due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The use of CR functions developed in susceptible groups resulted in cognitive decrements greater than original EPA estimates. EPA’s analysis suggested that a standard level of 0.15 µg/m3 would fulfill decision criteria, but by incorporating susceptibility we found that options for the standard could reasonably be extended to lower levels. The use of data developed in susceptible populations would result in the selection of a more protective NAAQS under the same decision framework applied by EPA. Results are used to frame discussion regarding why cumulative risk assessment methodologies are needed to help inform policy development.

Chari, Ramya; Burke, Thomas A.; White, Ronald H.; Fox, Mary A.

2012-01-01

462

Quality of information reporting in studies of standard and oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery.  

PubMed

The aim of this systematic review was to establish the completeness of reporting of key patient, tumour, treatment, and outcomes information in the randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) of standard breast-conserving surgery (sBCS) considered to be the 'gold-standard', and to compare this with the reporting of the same key criteria for all published studies of oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery (oBCS). Pubmed (1966 to 1st April 2013), Ovid MEDLINE (1966 to 1st April 2013), EMBASE (1980 to 1st April 2013), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 4, 2013) were searched separately for the following terms: (i) 'oncoplastic AND breast AND surgery'; and (ii) 'therapeutic AND mammaplasty'. Only English language and full text articles were reviewed. Following a pilot evaluation of all studies, key reporting criteria were identified. 16 RCTs of sBCS (n = 11,767 patients) were included, and 53 studies met the inclusion criteria for oncoplastic BCS (n = 3236 patients), none of which were RCTs. No study reported all of the criteria identified, with a mean of 64% of key criteria (range, 55-75%) reported in studies of sBCS, and 54% of criteria (range, 10-85%) reported in studies of oBCS. It is therefore evident that there is much room for improvement in the quality of reporting is BCS studies. Standards are proposed to give future studies of BCS a framework for reporting key information and outcomes. PMID:24388734

Schaverien, M V; Doughty, J C; Stallard, S

2014-04-01

463

How well does chart abstraction measure quality? A prospective comparison of standardized patients with the medical record  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Despite widespread reliance on chart abstraction for quality measurement, concerns persist about its reliability and validity. We prospectively evaluated the validity of chart abstraction by directly comparing it with the gold standard of reports by standardized patients.Subjects and methods: Twenty randomly selected general internal medicine residents and attending faculty physicians at the primary care clinics of two Veterans Affairs

Jeff Luck; John W Peabody; Timothy R Dresselhaus; Martin Lee; Peter Glassman

2000-01-01

464

75 FR 57220 - Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source Review...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The EPA is announcing a public hearing to be held for the proposed ``Rule to Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source Review Anti-Backsliding Provisions for Former 1-Hour Ozone Standard'' which published in the Federal Register on August 24, 2010. The hearing will be held on Tuesday, October 12, 2010, in Washington,...

2010-09-20

465

Grading Students in Inclusive Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers guidelines for determining equitable, accountable, and effective grading practices and policies for all students that balance the need for a common set of standards and the individual needs of the students. Purposes of grading, grading systems, and effective instructional practices that support grading processes are discussed.…

Salend, Spencer J.; Duhaney, Laurel M. Garrick

2002-01-01

466

Eight Steps to Meaningful Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of teachers at Clifford Smart Middle School in Michigan's Walled Lake Consolidated School District have broken free from traditional grading in order to embrace a more meaningful grading practice. Using standards-based grading practices, they believe their grading now accurately communicates to students and parents the student's mastery…

Deddeh, Heather; Main, Erin; Fulkerson, Sharon Ratzlaff

2010-01-01

467

Will cheap gas and efficient cars imperil air-quality goals under relaxed emission standards  

SciTech Connect

Long-term trends, to the year 2000, of urban household travel were forecast for prototype metropolitan areas under several sets of energy prices, auto fuel economy, and emission standards. Dramatic improvements in air quality were forecast due to redistribution of travel and lowered emissions. The exception to this trend to rapidly growing cities, such as those in the west and southwest experiencing sprawl development that characterized many urbanized areas in the industrial northeast and midwest during the 1950's and 1960's. In one test city, where the rate of urbanization has slowed significantly, analysis indicated that relaxation of the light-duty-vehicle NO/sub x/ standard from 1.0 gm/mi to 2.0 gm/mi would not severely threaten attainment of the ambient NO/sub x/ standards by 1987 owing to redistribution of population and activities. The difference in total energy impacts was determined to be negligible, assuming moderate increase in petroleum prices through 1995 (3.1%/year). In another policy test, without changing emission standards, an increase in fuel price of 3.75%/year from 1980 to 2000 reduced travel and provided a 4% decrease in energy use and a corresponding decrease in CO, HC and NO/sub x/. Virtually all of the reduction in travel and emissions was due to non-work travel, which fell 9%. The price increase damped the increase in auto travel per person that would occur as autos become cheaper to operate and as household wealth increases, making the answer to the title a cautious yes, given steady or slowly rising fuel prices.

LaBelle, S.J.; Saricks, C.L.; Moses, D.O.

1983-04-01

468

International organization for standardization (ISO) 9000 and chemical agent standard analytical reference material (SASARM) quality system development and implementation. Phase 1. Final report, April 1993-June 1994  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground (DPG) is in the process of developing an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9000 quality assurance (QA) system and a Chemical Agent Standard Analytical Reference Material (CASARM) QA program. Phase I of this process consisted of analyzing the current DPG QA system, defining the structure of the new QA system, determine how the ISO 9000 and the CASARM systems will interact, develop the new QA system and implementation plan, and develop the CASARM program and begin implementation. The initial phases of the system design and synthesis met the objectives established for Phase I of this methodology project. Phase II will complete the functional analysis, system design, and prototype implementation. The prototype will be analyzed for weaknesses in operation, personnel and equipment requirements, software, and cost effectiveness. The system will be modified, if needed, and implemented across the Materiel Test Directorate. The final stage of this methodology will be to achieve ISO 9000 registration. International Organization for Standardization(ISO) 9000, Chemical Agent Standard Analytical Reference Material(CASARM), Standardized Quality Assurance(QA), QA/Quality Control(QC).

Turley, S.D.

1994-09-01

469

Re-use of standard ontologies in a water quality vocabulary (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observations provide the key constraints on environmental and earth science investigations. Where an investigation uses data sourced from multiple providers, data fusion depends on the observation classifications being comparable. Standard models for observation metadata are available (ISO 19156) which provide slots for key classifiers, in particular, the observed property and observation procedure. While universal use of common vocabularies might be desirable in achieving interoperability, this is unlikely in practice. However, semantic web vocabularies provide the means for asserting proximity and other relationships between items in different vocabularies, thus enabling mediation as an interoperability solution. Here we report on the development of a vocabulary for water quality observations in which recording relationships with existing vocabularies was a core strategy. The vocabulary is required to enable combination of a number of groundwater, surface water and marine water quality datasets on an ongoing basis. Our vocabulary model is based on the principle that observations generally report values of specific parameters which are defined by combining a number of facets. We start from Quantities, Units, Dimensions and Data Types (QUDT), which is an OWL ontology developed by NASA and TopQuadrant. We extend this with two additional classes, for Observed Property and Identified Object, and two linking properties, which enable us to create an observed property vocabulary for water quality applications. This ontology is comparable with models for observed properties developed as part of OGC's Observations and Measurements v1.0 standard, the INSPIRE Generic Conceptual Model, and may also be compared with the W3C SSN Ontology, which is based on the DOLCE Ultralite upper-ontology. Water quality observations commonly report concentrations of chemicals, both natural and contaminant, so we tie many of the Identified Objects to items from Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI). ChEBI is an OWL-based dictionary of over 70 000 molecular entities, based on existing scientific work and linked through to International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) Nomenclature. Within the model the relevant classes, including those from QUDT, are declared to be subclasses of SKOS Concept, so the resulting vocabularies may be directly mapped to other SKOS-based vocabularies, such as from the NERC Vocabulary Service or the Marine Metadata Initiative, using SKOS predicates. Where the external vocabularies are not published with persistent URIs, such as CUAHSI, the mapping may be recorded more informally using annotations, or use proxy URIs for the external vocabulary. The resulting SKOS vocabularies demonstrate a separation of governance of key definitions such as units and quantities and chemical entities, ensuring reuse where possible and extending and adding detail where necessary.

Cox, S. J.; Simons, B.; Yu, J.

2013-12-01

470

Standard operating procedure changed pre-hospital critical care anaesthesiologists' behaviour: a quality control study  

PubMed Central

Introduction The ability of standard operating procedures to improve pre-hospital critical care by changing pre-hospital physician behaviour is uncertain. We report data from a prospective quality control study of the effect on pre-hospital critical care anaesthesiologists’ behaviour of implementing a standard operating procedure for pre-hospital controlled ventilation. Materials and methods Anaesthesiologists from eight pre-hospital critical care teams in the Central Denmark Region prospectively registered pre-hospital advanced airway-management data according to the Utstein-style template. We collected pre-intervention data from February 1st 2011 to January 31st 2012, implemented the standard operating procedure on February 1st 2012 and collected post intervention data from February 1st 2012 until October 31st 2012. We included transported patients of all ages in need of controlled ventilation treated with pre-hospital endotracheal intubation or the insertion of a supraglottic airways device. The objective was to evaluate whether the development and implementation of a standard operating procedure for controlled ventilation during transport could change pre-hospital critical care anaesthesiologists’ behaviour and thereby increase the use of automated ventilators in these patients. Results The implementation of a standard operating procedure increased the overall prevalence of automated ventilator use in transported patients in need of controlled ventilation from 0.40 (0.34-0.47) to 0.74 (0.69-0.80) with a prevalence ratio of 1.85 (1.57-2.19) (p?=?0.00). The prevalence of automated ventilator use in transported traumatic brain injury patients in need of controlled ventilation increased from 0.44 (0.26-0.62) to 0.85 (0.62-0.97) with a prevalence ratio of 1.94 (1.26-3.0) (p?=?0.0039). The prevalence of automated ventilator use in patients transported after return of spontaneous circulation following pre-hospital cardiac arrest increased from 0.39 (0.26-0.48) to 0.69 (0.58-0.78) with a prevalence ratio of 1.79 (1.36-2.35) (p?=?0.00). Conclusion We have shown that the implementation of a standard operating procedure for pre-hospital controlled ventilation can significantly change pre-hospital critical care anaesthesiologists’ behaviour.

2013-01-01

471

A proposal for quality standards for measuring medication adherence in research.  

PubMed

A decade after widespread recognition that adherence to medication regimens is key to antiretroviral effectiveness, considerable controversy remains regarding a "gold standard" for adherence measurement. Each adherence measurement approach has strengths and weaknesses and each rests on specific assumptions. The range of assumptions regarding adherence measurement and the diversity with which each approach is implemented strongly suggest that the evaluation of a particular measure outside of the context in which it was used (e.g. the study's operational protocol) may result in undeserved confidence or lack of confidence in study results. The purpose of this paper is to propose a set of best practices across commonly used measurement methods. Recommendations regarding what information should be included in published reports regarding how adherence was measured are provided to promote improvement in the quality of measurement of medication adherence in research. PMID:22407465

Williams, Ann Bartley; Amico, K Rivet; Bova, Carol; Womack, Julie A

2013-01-01

472

A proposal for quality standards for measuring medication adherence in research  

PubMed Central

A decade after widespread recognition that adherence to medication regimens is key to antiretroviral (ARV) effectiveness, considerable controversy remains regarding a “gold standard” for adherence measurement. Each adherence measurement approach has strengths and weaknesses and each rests on specific assumptions. The range of assumptions regarding adherence measurement and the diversity with which each approach is implemented strongly suggest that the evaluation of a particular measure outside of the context in which it was used (e.g. the study’s operational protocol) may result in undeserved confidence or lack of confidence in study results. The purpose of this paper is to propose a set of best practices across commonly used measurement methods. Recommendations regarding what information should be included in published reports regarding how adherence was measured are provided to promote improvement in the quality of measurement of medication adherence in research.

Williams, Ann Bartley; Amico, K. Rivet; Bova, Carol; Womack, Julie A.

2012-01-01

473

Standardizing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, created by Statisical Literacy.com, contains a short article on Simpson'ÃÂÃÂs Paradox with an example of how standardizing changes the results. It also contains links to other "real world" articles on Simpson'ÃÂÃÂs Paradox, including a newspaper article illustrating that this topic is timely. The site features a few graphs to help better represent the concept. Overall, this is a brief but useful explanation of this concept.

2009-02-04

474

Soil type-specific environmental quality standards for zinc in Dutch soil.  

PubMed

The heavy metal zinc is an element of natural origin. Adverse effects of chemicals on soil ecosystems depend on the soil type. Therefore, soil type-specific variation in natural background concentration and toxicity data should be taken into account in the derivation of environmental quality standards for zinc. In this paper, a methodology is presented, taking the specific features of natural occurrence and soil type into account by deriving soil type-specific background concentrations as well as soil type-specific maximum permissible additions (MPAs) for zinc in Dutch soil. The strategy used to perform a soil type-specific risk assessment for zinc consisted of 6 steps: identification of soil types, determination of characteristic background concentrations, selection of characteristic organisms, determination of no-observed-effect concentrations (NOECs), and derivations of the MPA and the maximum permissible concentration (MPC). Differences in background concentrations between different Dutch soil types were up to a factor of 7.5, whereas the MPA between the soil types varied by up to a factor of 3. This resulted in MPCs for the 3 predominant soil types that vary from 44 mg/kg dry weight (dry wt) to 208 mg/kg dry wt. Although large differences in MPC were observed, the uncertainties in background concentrations hinder setting more accurate environmental quality standards for zinc. Additional measurements on remote background concentrations of zinc in Dutch soil are needed to reduce the uncertainties in the calculated MPCs. The risk assessment approach discussed here is widely applicable to naturally occurring and anthropogenic substances. PMID:16639886

Bos, Rudy; Huijbregts, Mark; Peijnenburg, Willie

2005-07-01

475

Quality assurance system using ISO 9000 series standards to improve the effectiveness and efficacy of the Headache Centre.  

PubMed

The ISO 9000 series has been adopted as a reference standard and operating system for a Quality Assurance project involving all the units of the Polyclinic of Modena, within which the Headache Centre operates, to guarantee a clearly-defined standard of service to the client and the promotion of continuous quality improvement. The implementation of the quality system, which necessitated analysis and description of the process of headache diagnosis and treatment currently being applied, highlighted those aspects that did not conform with the quality objective, primarily, the long waiting list for admission. Since ready accessibility is a basic requisite for the quality of health care services, a new organisational set-up was introduced, and is still in place, with the aim of enabling patients who are really in need to be admitted to the Headache Centre without undue delay. PMID:11200797

Ferrari, A; Baraghini, G F; Sternieri, E; Cavazzuti, L; Roli, L

2000-01-01

476

Assessment of municipal solid waste compost quality using standardized methods before preparation of plant growth media.  

PubMed

The quality of compost and its suitability for agricultural application depend upon physical and chemical parameters such as water-holding capacity, porosity, pH, electrical conductivity, C/N ratio, available nutrients and the absence of toxic substances. In the present study a complete characterization of an industrial municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) based on standardized European methods (CEN) for soil improvers and growing media was obtained, and compared with the quality of other Spanish composted biowaste and conventional substrates such as peat and pine bark. The MSWC was obtained from the main composting plant in Galicia (Spain), which processes organic waste that has been separated at origin and collected from more than 100 000 inhabitants. The MSWC presented a lower C/N ratio (15) than peat (84) and composted pine bark (CPB) (211), but had a similar ratio to other marketed MSWC. The nutrients and heavy metals were extracted using different recommended solvents (water, CaCl2 + diethylen triamin pentaacetic acid, and aqua regia). The nutrient concentrations of composted urban waste or manure were much higher than those of peat, CPB or pine bark. On the basis of the results of the plant tolerance test, the MSWC could be employed directly as a soil improver, but would need to be diluted with other low-salt components such as peat or CPB before being used as a growing media. PMID:17439045

Silva, María Teresa Barral; Menduíña, Ana Moldes; Seijo, Yolanda Cendón; Viqueira, Francisco Díaz-Fierros

2007-04-01

477

Forecasting recreational water quality standard violations with a linked hydrologic-hydronamic modeling system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a clear need in the water resource and public health management communities to develop and test modeling systems which provide robust predictions of water quality and water quality standard violations, particularly in coastal communities. These predictions have the potential to supplement, or even replace, conventional human health protection strategies which (in the case of controlling public access to beaches, for example) are often based on day-old fecal indicator bacteria monitoring results. Here, we present a coupled modeling system which builds upon recent advancements in watershed-scale hydrological modeling and coastal hydrodynamic modeling, including the evolution of the Huron-Erie Connecting Waterways Forecasting System (HECWFS), developed through a partnership between NOAA's Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL) and the University of Michigan Cooperative Institute for Limnology and Ecosystems Research (CILER). Our study is based on applying the modeling system to a popular beach in the metro-Detroit (Michigan, USA) area and implementing a routine shoreline monitoring program to help assess model forecasting skill. This research presents an important stepping stone towards the application of similar modeling systems in frequently-closed beaches throughout the Great Lakes region.

Gronewold, A. D.; Ritzenthaler, A.; Fry, L. M.; Anderson, E. J.

2012-12-01

478

The development of a site-specific water-quality standard for copper  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation proposes to determine, for one toxic chemical, copper, if the Federal water quality standard and the state interpretation of that standard are appropriate for the Duck River, some 50 miles south of Nashville, Tennessee. This involved conducting toxicity tests in Duck River water, and the use of the computer metal speciation program MINTEQA1 to predict instream impact. The speciation model chosen for the determination of chemical equilibria in this study was MINTEQA1. To test the validity of the MINTEQA1 speciation model, water chemistry from the Duck River was entered into the model. At the typical site pH of 7.8, 55.7% of the copper is bound as Cu(OH){sub 2}, 29.8% is bound as copper humate, and 12.7% is found as CuCO{sub 3}. Of extreme importance to the toxicity of copper in the site water is the complete absence of the most toxic species, ionic copper. The test species were the brook silversides minnow (Labidesthes sicculus), mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis), caddisfly larvae (Cheumatopsyche sp.), fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), geniculate river snail (Lithasia geniculata), sunfish (Lepomis sp.), and the amphipod (Hyalella azeca). The test concentrations were confirmed by atomic absorption spectroscopy on selected concentrations. The caddisfly larvae was the single most tolerant species observed during this study, while the amphipod and snail were the two most sensitive species tested.

Sinclair, R.M.

1989-01-01

479

The impact of mammography quality improvement legislation in Michigan: implications for the National Mammography Quality Standards Act.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the impact of state legislation on mammography quality and access in Michigan. METHODS: The impact of state legislation was analyzed with respect to utilization, numbers of machines and facilities, and image quality. RESULTS: The legislation had a positive effect on image quality improvement, had no impact on utilization by women aged 50 years and above, and resulted in few facility closures. CONCLUSIONS: Michigan's legislative intervention appears to have had a positive effect on efforts to improve mammography quality assurance with implications for other federal and state efforts to achieve quality assurance in health care delivery.

Fintor, L; Brown, M; Fischer, R; Suleiman, O; Garlinghouse, C; Camburn, J; Frazier, E; Houn, F

1998-01-01

480

A case study investigating the process of implementing the recommendations of the "National Science Education Standards" by a fourth-grade elementary teacher  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Science Education Standards were published in 1996 (National Research Council (NRC)). The Standards recommend that elementary school science should be taught as inquiry-based, and that teachers should have the time, space, and resources to teach inquiry-based science. A case study was done of a fourth grade teacher who tried to implement the recommendations of the Standards. The teacher had expressed an interest in teaching inquiry-based science even though she had little experience teaching science, had previously avoided teaching science, and had a weak academic background in science. The study focused on the factors that influence a teacher while trying to develop an inquiry-based science program and the factors a teacher attends to while trying to provide student with the time, space, and resources needed to do inquiry-based science. The study also tried to determine what factors helped the teacher determine how a teacher is able to use children's literature with inquiry-based science. The researcher was a participant observer in the teacher's classroom during the 1996-1997 school year. The researcher was involved in planning and teaching science although all final decisions were left to the teacher. Data were obtained by taking extensive field notes, using structured and unstructured interviews, document analysis, and analyzing reflective journals. Results indicate that the teacher was influenced by six major factors: colleagues, reading materials, school context, student behavior, the participant observer, and experimentation. A model for the teacher as a theory builder was developed as a result of her learning, analyzing and experimenting throughout the year. Though not without some problems, children's literature was integrated with science in different ways for different reasons. Constraints to implementing the Standards (NRC, 1996) are discussed.

Schepige, Adele Catherine

481

Standardizing and scaling up quality adolescent friendly health services in Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescents in Tanzania require health services that respond to their sexual and reproductive health – and other – needs and are delivered in a friendly and nonjudgemental manner. Systematizing and expanding the reach of quality adolescent friendly health service provision is part of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare's (MOHSW) multi-component strategy to promote and safeguard the health of adolescents. Objective We set out to identify the progress made by the MOHSW in achieving the objective it had set in its National Adolescent Health and Development Strategy: 2002–2006, to systematize and extend the reach of Adolescent Friendly Health Services (AFHS) in the country. Methods We reviewed plans and reports from the MOHSW and journal articles on AFHS. This was supplemented with several of the authors’ experiences of working to make health services in Tanzania adolescent friendly. Results The MOHSW identified four key problems with what was being done to make health services adolescent friendly in the country – firstly, it was not fully aware of the various efforts under way; secondly, there was no standardized definition of AFHS; thirdly, it had received reports that the quality of the AFHS being provided by some organizations was poor; and fourthly, only small numbers of adolescents were being reached by the efforts that were under way. The MOHSW responded to these problems by mapping existing services, developing a standardized definition of AFHS, charting out what needed to be done to improve their quality and expand their coverage, and integrating AFHS within wider policy and strategy documents and programmatic measurement instruments. It has also taken important preparatory steps to stimulate and support implementation. Conclusion The MOHSW is aware that the focus of the effort must now shift from the national to the regional, council and local levels. The onus is on regional and council health management teams as well as health facility managers to take the steps needed to ensure that all adolescents in the country obtain the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services they need, delivered in a friendly and non-judgemental manner. But they cannot do this without substantial and ongoing support.

2013-01-01

482

Grading Exceptional Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers often grapple with the challenge of giving report card grades to students with learning disabilities and English language learners. The authors offer a five-step model that "offers a fair, accurate, and legal way to adapt the grading process for exceptional learners." The model begins with a high-quality reporting system for all students…

Jung, Lee Ann; Guskey, Thomas R.

2010-01-01

483

Quality matters: Low-income fathers’ engagement in learning activities in early childhood predict children's academic performance in fifth grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prospective, longitudinal investigation we examined fathers' engagement in learning activities with their children in early childhood in relation to children academic performance in 5th grade. Participants were 602 low-income, ethnically diverse biological fathers and their children from the National Early Head Start evaluation study. Fathers reported on their engagement with children in learning activities as well as their

Karen E. McFadden; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda; Natasha J. Cabrera

2011-01-01

484

Thin, high quality GaInP compositionally graded buffer layers grown at high growth rates for metamorphic III–V solar cell applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The metamorphic growth of lattice-mismatched materials has allowed optimizing the bandgap combination in multijunction solar cells for the solar spectrum under consideration. Buffer structures are used to accommodate the lattice-mismatch by introducing dislocations and relaxing the material in a controlled way. However, the metamorphic buffers typically involve significant growth time and material usage, which increases the cost of these solar cells. In this work, the thinning of buffer structures with continuously, linearly graded misfit is addressed with the goal of increasing the cost-effectiveness of metamorphic multijunction solar cells. The relaxation dynamics and quality of the buffer layers analyzed were assessed by in-situ stress measurements and ex-situ measurements of residual strain, threading dislocation density and surface roughness. Their ultimate quality has been tested using these buffers as templates for the growth of 1 eV Ga0.73In0.27As solar cells. The deleterious effect of thinning the grade layer of these buffer structures from 2 to 1 ?m was investigated. It is shown that prompting the relaxation of the buffer by using a stepwise misfit jump at the beginning of the grade layer improves the quality of the thinned buffer structure. The residual threading dislocation density of the optimized thin buffers, grown at a high growth rate of 7 ?m/h, is 3×106 cm?2, and solar cells on these buffers exhibit near-ideal carrier collection efficiency and a Voc of 0.62 V at 1-sun direct terrestrial spectrum.

Garcia, I.; France, R. M.; Geisz, J. F.; Simon, J.

2014-05-01

485

The State "of" State U.S. History Standards 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the Thomas B. Fordham Institute's first review of the quality of state U.S. history standards since 2003. Key findings include: (1) A majority of states' standards are mediocre-to-awful. The average grade across "all" states is barely a D. In twenty-eight jurisdictions--a majority of states--the history standards earn Ds or below.…

Stern, Sheldon M.; Stern, Jeremy A.

2011-01-01

486

Individualized quality of life, standardized quality of life, and distress in patients undergoing a phase I trial of the novel therapeutic Reolysin (reovirus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the individualized and standardized quality of life (QL) and psychological distress of patients participating in a Phase I trial of the novel therapeutic reovirus (Reolysin). METHODS: 16 patients with incurable metastatic cancer were interviewed prior to being accepted into the phase I trial with a semi-structured expectations interview, the Schedule for

Linda E Carlson; Barry D Bultz; Donald G Morris

2005-01-01

487

Using academy standards of excellence in nutrition and dietetics for organization self-assessment and quality improvement.  

PubMed

Standards of Excellence in Nutrition and Dietetics for an Organization is a self-assessment tool to measure and evaluate an organization's program, services, and initiatives that identify and distinguish the Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (RDN) brand as the professional expert in food and nutrition. The Standards of Excellence will serve as a road map to recognize RDNs as leaders and collaborators. Standards of Excellence criteria apply to all practice segments of nutrition and dietetics: health care, education and research, business and industry, and community nutrition and public health. Given the membership's call to action to be recognized for their professional expertise, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee developed four Standards of Excellence in Nutrition and Dietetics for Organizations: Quality of Leadership, Quality of Organization, Quality of Practice, and Quality of Outcomes. Within each standard, specific indicators provide strategies for an organization to demonstrate excellence. The Academy will develop a self-evaluation scoring tool to assist the organization in applying and implementing one or more of the strategies in the Standards of Excellence indicators. The organization can use the self-assessment tool to establish itself as a Center of Excellence in Nutrition and Dietetics. The role examples illustrate initiatives RDNs and organizations can take to identify themselves as a Center of Excellence in Nutrition and Dietetics. Achieving the Excellence level is an important collaborative initiative between nutrition and dietetics organizations and the Academy to provide increased autonomy, supportive management, respect within peers and community, opportunities for professional development, support for further education, and compensation for the RDN. For purposes of the Standards, "organization" means workplace or practice setting. PMID:25060140

Price, Joyce A; Kent, Sue; Cox, Sharon A; McCauley, Sharon M; Parekh, Janki; Klein, Catherine J

2014-08-01

488

Egg-Grading Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This manual is an aid in teaching both beginning and experienced egg graders the correct interpretation and application of the U.S. standards, grades, and weight classes for eggs. It can serve as a guide in short courses or grading schools when supplement...

2000-01-01

489

Deriving environmental quality standards in European surface waters: when are there too few data?  

PubMed

Recent technical guidance has been published by the European Commission that outlines methodologies for the derivation of Environmental Quality Standards (EQS) in European surface waters under the Water Framework Directive (WFD). The guidance allows the derivation of a long-term EQS from a small dataset. Specifically an EQS can be derived from just three acute data points, although the safety factors built into such an EQS are large (e.g. up to a factor of 1,000). Large safety factors make such EQS uncertain, and often difficult to achieve in practice. We examine dataset requirements for the derivation of EQS and specifically the minimum number of tests needed for setting EQS for long-term chemical exposures that result in reduced relative uncertainty, as assessed simply through the reduction in standard deviation of the means of the values derived. Using ecotoxicity datasets for four example chemicals, for which EQS have been derived in many jurisdictions, we show that variation in the EQS is greatest when using the minimum dataset allowable under the WFD guidance, but decreases rapidly when seven or more datapoints are available. Increasing the minimum number of ecotoxicity data in deriving an EQS results in a greater understanding of ecotoxicological effects. With this knowledge, the mitigating effects of water chemistry can be accounted for in deriving an EQS, even with relatively limited datasets. The new guidance suggests "simplistic" approaches to account for chemical availability, but does not detail how this might be undertaken. We provide examples of ways by which water chemistry effects can be included in deriving implementable EQS for metals with relatively few reliable and relevant data. PMID:23589253

Merrington, G; Van Sprang, P

2014-01-01

490

Characterization of laboratory working standard for quality control of immunometric and radiometric estrogen receptor assays. Clinical evaluation on breast cancer biopsies. Italian Committee for Hormone Receptor Assays Standardization.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to characterize a low-cost and reliable working standard material for quality control of estrogen receptor (ER) determination with dextran-coated charcoal (DCC) and enzyme immunoassay (EIA) methods. Human fibromatous uterine lyophilized cytosol demonstrated good characteristics of stability and applicability for this purpose. Eleven laboratories participated in the intralaboratory and interlaboratory quality control study, and they achieved slightly higher coefficients of variation for ER-EIA (interlaboratory, 37.7%; intralaboratory, 22.9%) than for ER-DCC (interlaboratory, 24.2%; intralaboratory, 15.7%). There was an excellent correlation between ER results with ER-EIA and ER-DCC for 268 breast cancer biopsies. Quality assurance for ER assays using DCC techniques and immunometric methods with monoclonal antibodies (ER-EIA) can be set up with this available material of human origin to satisfy the characteristics of both techniques and the species specificity of monoclonal antibodies. PMID:2482565

Piffanelli, A; Pelizzola, D; Giovannini, G; Catozzi, L; Faggioli, L; Giganti, M

1989-12-31

491

Assessing Ecological Impacts of Shrimp and Sewage Effluent: Biological Indicators with Standard Water Quality Analyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite evidence linking shrimp farming to several cases of environmental degradation, there remains a lack of ecologically meaningful information about the impacts of effluent on receiving waters. The aim of this study was to determine the biological impact of shrimp farm effluent, and to compare and distinguish its impacts from treated sewage effluent. Analyses included standard water quality/sediment parameters, as well as biological indicators including tissue nitrogen (N) content, stable isotope ratio of nitrogen (? 15N), and amino acid composition of inhabitant seagrasses, mangroves and macroalgae. The study area consisted of two tidal creeks, one receiving effluent from a sewage treatment plant and the other from an intensive shrimp farm. The creeks discharged into the western side of Moreton Bay, a sub-tropical coastal embayment on the east coast of Australia. Characterization of water quality revealed significant differences between the creeks, and with unimpacted eastern Moreton Bay. The sewage creek had higher concentrations of dissolved nutrients (predominantly NO-3/NO-2 and PO3-4, compared to NH+4 in the shrimp creek). In contrast, the shrimp creek was more turbid and had higher phytoplankton productivity. Beyond 750 m from the creek mouths, water quality parameters were indistinguishable from eastern Moreton Bay values. Biological indicators detected significant impacts up to 4 km beyond the creek mouths (reference site). Elevated plant ? 15N values ranged from 10·4-19·6‰ at the site of sewage discharge to 2·9-4·5‰ at the reference site. The free amino acid concentration and composition of seagrass and macroalgae was used to distinguish between the uptake of sewage and shrimp derived N. Proline (seagrass) and serine (macroalgae) were high in sewage impacted plants and glutamine (seagrass) and alanine (macroalgae) were high in plants impacted by shrimp effluent. The ? 15N isotopic signatures and free amino acid composition of inhabitant flora indicated that sewage N extended further from the creek mouths than shrimp N. The combination of physical/chemical and biological indicators used in this study was effective in distinguishing the composition and subsequent impacts of aquaculture and sewage effluent on the receiving waters.

Jones, A. B.; O'Donohue, M. J.; Udy, J.; Dennison, W. C.

2001-01-01

492

40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards...CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS...T to Part 50âInterpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality...

2010-07-01

493

Projected compliance with the PM2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standards. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In 1997, the State of Maryland had no available ambient Federal Reference Method data on particulate matter less than 2.5 microns in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) but did have annual ambient data for particulate matter smaller than 10 microns (PM10) at twenty-four sites. The PM10 data was analyzed in conjunction with local annual and seasonal ZIP code-level emission inventories and with speciated PM2.5 data from four nearby monitors in the IMPROVE network (located in the national parks and wilderness areas) in an effort to predict annual average and seasonal high PM2.5 concentrations at the twenty-four PM10 monitor sites operated from 1992 to 1996. All seasonal high concentrations were predicted to be below the 24-hour PM2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) at the sites operated in Maryland between 1992 and 1996. A geographic analysis of the emission inventories was also performed to evaluate the impact of PM2.5 emissions from Maryland`s power plants on fourteen monitor locations that were predicted to have a reading exceeding the annual NAAQS for any year.

Walsh, K.; Gardner, R.

1999-02-01

494

Long Term Time Series of Remote Sensing Observations for Development of Regulatory Water Quality Standards  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Water quality standards in the U.S. consist of: designated uses (the services that a water body provides; e.g., drinking water, aquatic life, harvestable species, recreation) . criteria that define the environmental conditions that must be maintained to support the uses For estuaries and coastal waters in the Gulf of Mexico, there are no numeric (quantitative) criteria to protect designated uses from effects of nutrients. This is largely due to the absence of adequate data that would quantitatively link biological conditions to nutrient concentrations. The Gulf of Mexico Alliance, an organization fostering collaboration between the Gulf States and U.S. Federal agencies, has identified the development of the numeric nutrient criteria as a major step leading to reduction in MODIS Products Figure 6. Map of the Mobile Bay with a yellow patch indicating the Bon Secour Bay area selected in this study for averaging water clarity parameters retrieved from MODIS datasets. nutrient inputs to coastal ecosystems. Nutrient enrichment in estuaries and coastal waters can be quantified based on response variables that measure phytoplankton biomass and water clarity. Long-term, spatially and temporally resolved measurements of chlorophyll a concentration, total concentration of suspended solids, and water clarity are needed to establish reference conditions and to quantify stressor-response relationships.

Blonski, Slawomir; Spiering, Bruce A.; Holekamp, Kara L.

2010-01-01

495

Assessing the Quality of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors comment on Porter, McMaken, Hwang, and Yang's recent analysis of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics by critiquing their measures of the focus of the standards and the absence of an assessment of coherence. The authors then consider whether the standards are an improvement over most state mathematics standards by discussing…

Cobb, Paul; Jackson, Kara

2011-01-01

496