Note: This page contains sample records for the topic quality grading standards from Science.gov.
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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Education Programming Standards: A Guide to Planning and Implementing High-Quality Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The new Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Education Programming Standards should be part of every school district's repertoire of standards to ensure that the learning needs of advanced students are being met. "NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Education Programming Standards: A Guide to Planning and Implementing High-Quality Services" details six standards that…

Johnsen, Susan K., Ed.

2012-01-01

2

GRADING ,M INIMUM QUALITY STANDARDS, AND THE LABELING OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED PRODUCTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We relate the labeling of genetically modified (GM) products to the theory of grading and minimum quality standards. The model represents three stages in the supply chain, assumes a vertical product differentiation framework, allows for the accidental commingling of non-GM products, and treats regulation as a purity threshold for non-GM products. We find that a non-GM purity level that is

HARVEY LAPAN; GIANCARLO MOSCHINI

2007-01-01

3

Arizona Academic Standards, Grade 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication provides information relating to Arizona Academic Standards for Grade 8. The following standards are reviewed: (1) the arts standards; (2) comprehensive health standards; (3) foreign and native language standards; (4) reading standard articulated by grade level 2003; (5) writing standard articulated by grade level 2004; (6)…

Arizona State Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

4

3rd Grade Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support third grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure studentsâ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 3 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

5

2nd Grade Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support second grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS), Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) and videos of public lessons and number talks developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The tasks were designed to measure studentsâ ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. They include the scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions. Resources are listed for specific grade 2 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

6

1st Grade Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support first grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) and Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) developed by the Noyce Foundation are included. The activities were designed to measure students' ability to solve non-routine problems, explain and justify their solutions, and promote high level thinking skills. Resources are listed for specific grade 1 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

7

4th Grade Content Standards  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page provides links to resources aligned to the CCSS that guide and support fourth grade mathematics teaching and learning. Tasks developed by the Mathematics Assessment Resource Service (MARS) for the Noyce Foundation, Problems of the Month, (POM home page is cataloged separately) and videos of public lessons and number talks developed by the Noyce Foundation are also included. The performance tasks were originally designed to measure students' ability to solve non-routine problems and then to explain and justify their solutions. The task scoring rubric, student responses, and discussion of student understanding and misconceptions are provided to improve instruction. Resources are listed for specific grade 4 standards and are also organized by progression for an alternate search route.

Centre, The S.

2012-01-01

8

Rigorous Grading Does Not Raise Standards: It Only Lowers Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses "grade inflation," and the pressure on instructors to "play grade roll politics to save their own professional hides." Argues that the grade deflation movement works at cross purposes with its goal of elevating academic standards, and that it is at odds with composition theory and its process pedagogy. Suggests portfolio assessment as…

Agnew, Eleanor

1995-01-01

9

Quality of semantic standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little scientific literature addresses the issue of quality of semantic standards, albeit a problem with high economic and social impact. Our problem survey, including 34 semantic Standard Setting Organizations (SSOs), gives evidence that quality of standards can be improved, but for improvement a quality measurement instrument is needed. 81% of the survey respondents is interested in using such instrument. It

Erwin Johan Albert Folmer

2012-01-01

10

Evolution of the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) beef grading system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Beef Industry identified variable eating quality as a major contributor to declining beef consumption in the early 1990s and committed research funding to address the problem. The major issue was the ability to predict the eating quality of cooked beef before consumption. The Meat Standards Australia (MSA) program developed a consumer testing protocol, which led to MSA grading

R. PolkinghorneA; A. GeeD; M. PorterE

11

Evolution of the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) beef grading system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. The Australian Beef Industry identified variable eating quality as a major,contributor to declining beef consumption,in the early 1990s and committed,research,funding,to address the problem. The major,issue was,the ability to predict the eating quality of cooked,beef before consumption.,The Meat Standards Australia (MSA) program developed a consumer testing protocol, which led to MSA grading standards being defined by consumer score outcomes. Traditional

R. Polkinghorne; J. M. Thompson; R. Watson; A. Gee; M. Porter

2008-01-01

12

Using measurements of muscle color, pH, and electrical impedance to augment the current USDA beef quality grading standards and improve the accuracy and precision of sorting carcasses into palatability groups1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research was conducted to deter- mine whether objective measures of muscle color, mus- cle pH, and(or) electrical impedance are useful in segre- gating palatable beef from unpalatable beef, and to de- termine whether the current USDA quality grading standards for beef carcasses could be revised to improve their effectiveness at distinguishing palatable from un- palatable beef. One hundred beef

D. M. Wulf

2009-01-01

13

Express - Standard. Quality - Standardization - Metrology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The articles contained in this translation cover Russian research on standards and standardization in science and technology. This document was received pursuant to a joint U.S. - USSR program to exchange standards information. The articles deal with indu...

1977-01-01

14

Express - Standard. Quality - Standardization - Metrology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The articles contained in this translation cover Russian research on standards and standardization in science and technology. This document was received pursuant to a joint U.S. - USSR program to exchange standards information. The articles deal with phot...

1977-01-01

15

78 FR 283 - United States Standards for Grades of Eggplant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States Standards for Grades of Eggplant. AMS has...fresh fruit and vegetable grade standards for usefulness...S. Fancy and No. 1 grades to allow mixed colors...U.S. No. 1'' grades by adding ``except...standards. The official grade of a lot of...

2013-01-03

16

Water Quality Standards Handbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Handbook contains the guidance prepared by EPA to assist States in implementing the revised Water Quality Standards Regulation (48 F.R. 51400, November 8, 1983). Changes in the Handbook may be made from time to time reflecting State/EPA experience in ...

1983-01-01

17

77 FR 6774 - United States Standards for Grades of Eggplant  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States Standards for Grades of Eggplant. AMS is...fresh fruit and vegetable grade standards for usefulness...has noted the current grade standards do not have...S. Fancy and No. 1 grades to allow mixed colors...Development Center, Riverside Business Park, 100...

2012-02-09

18

Clinical-grade mesenchymal stromal cells produced under various good manufacturing practice processes differ in their immunomodulatory properties: standardization of immune quality controls.  

PubMed

Clinical-grade mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are usually expanded from bone marrow (BMMSCs) or adipose tissue (ADSCs) using processes mainly differing in the use of fetal calf serum (FCS) or human platelet lysate (PL). We aimed to compare immune modulatory properties of clinical-grade MSCs using a combination of fully standardized in vitro assays. BMMSCs expanded with FCS (BMMSC-FCS) or PL (BMMSC-PL), and ADSC-PL were analyzed in quantitative phenotypic and functional experiments, including their capacity to inhibit the proliferation of T, B, and NK cells. The molecular mechanisms supporting T-cell inhibition were investigated. These parameters were also evaluated after pre-stimulation of MSCs with inflammatory cytokines. BMMSC-FCS, BMMSC-PL, and ADSC-PL displayed significant differences in expression of immunosuppressive and adhesion molecules. Standardized functional assays revealed that resting MSCs inhibited proliferation of T and NK cells, but not B cells. ADSC-PL were the most potent in inhibiting T-cell growth, a property ascribed to interferon-?-dependent indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity. MSCs did not stimulate allogeneic T cell proliferation but were efficiently lysed by activated NK cells. The systematic use of quantitative and reproducible validation techniques highlights differences in immunological properties of MSCs produced using various clinical-grade processes. ADSC-PL emerge as a promising candidate for future clinical trials. PMID:23339531

Menard, Cedric; Pacelli, Luciano; Bassi, Giulio; Dulong, Joelle; Bifari, Francesco; Bezier, Isabelle; Zanoncello, Jasmina; Ricciardi, Mario; Latour, Maelle; Bourin, Philippe; Schrezenmeier, Hubert; Sensebé, Luc; Tarte, Karin; Krampera, Mauro

2013-02-25

19

An objective fingerprint quality-grading system.  

PubMed

The grading of fingerprint quality by fingerprint examiners as currently practised is a subjective process. Therefore, an objective system was devised to remove the subjectivity. The devised grading system is quantitative and uses three separate, easily available, software packages to ultimately identify the portions of a fingerprint that correspond to low-, medium-, and high-quality definitive minutiae as defined on the Universal Latent Workstation of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation. PMID:23890638

Pulsifer, Drew P; Muhlberger, Sarah A; Williams, Stephanie F; Shaler, Robert C; Lakhtakia, Akhlesh

2013-06-14

20

77 FR 6772 - United States Standards for Grades of Okra  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), prior to undertaking research and other work associated with revising official grade standards, is soliciting comments on the possible revisions to the United States Standards for Grades of Okra. AMS has been reviewing the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable grade standards for usefulness in serving the industry. As a result, AMS has identified the United States......

2012-02-09

21

Indiana Academic Standards 2000 for Visual Art, Grades K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic standards listed in this guide are based upon national standards as well as a discipline-based art education approach. They are presented and articulated for each grade level from kindergarten through grade 8. They are presented by course or art medium in grades 9-12 to represent the organization of most high school art courses. The…

Indiana State Dept. of Education, Indianapolis.

22

Profiles of Educational Quality in First Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present study, we present analyzed profiles of observed classroom experiences in terms of emotional and instructional dimensions of quality. Over 800 first-grade classrooms across the United States were included, selected by virtue of having a student participating in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of…

Stuhlman, Megan W.; Pianta, Robert C.

2009-01-01

23

7 CFR 984.50 - Grade, quality and size regulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Grade, quality and size regulations. 984.50 Section...IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Quality Control § 984.50 Grade, quality and size regulations. (a) Minimum...

2013-01-01

24

Missouri Water Quality Standards Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Summarized are the water quality standards of the State of Missouri. The standards consist of three major components: designation of the uses which interstate waters are to serve, specification of narrative and numerical criteria to protect and enhance wa...

1972-01-01

25

Nebraska Water Quality Standards Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The summary presents water quality standards of the State of Nebraska. The standards consist of three major components: designation of the uses which interstate waters are to serve, specification of narrative and numerical criteria to protect and enhance ...

1972-01-01

26

3rd Grade Common Core State Standards Flip Book  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 60-page pdf document demonstrates the connections between the CCSS content standards and the mathematical practice standards. It is a compilation of research, standards from several states, instructional strategies, common misconceptions, and examples for each standard at the grade 3 level. It is intended to help teachers understand what each standard means in terms of what students must know and be able to do. Additional flip books are cataloged separately for grades K-2 and 4-5.

2012-06-01

27

Grade Inflation: Academic Standards in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a provocative look at the issues and controversies surrounding grade inflation, and, more generally, grading practices in American higher education. The contributors confront the issues from a number of different disciplines and varying points of view. Topics explored include empirical evidence for and against the claim that…

Hunt, Lester H., Ed.

2008-01-01

28

Shellfish quality standards.  

PubMed

Total coliforms, faecal coliforms, enterococci and heterotrophic bacteria were determined in shellfish samples collected both in the marine environment (at Bacoli and Coroglio in the Bay of Naples) and from the local market. The same bacteriological analyses were carried out on water samples obtained from the shellfish growing areas. The results are considered in relation to standards applied in Italy and elsewhere to shellfish and shellfish cultures. PMID:400220

Aulicino, F A; Zicarelli, M; Tosti, E; Volterra, L

1979-01-01

29

Clinical quality standards for radiotherapy  

PubMed Central

Aim of the study The technological progress that is currently being witnessed in the areas of diagnostic imaging, treatment planning systems and therapeutic equipment has caused radiotherapy to become a high-tech and interdisciplinary domain involving staff of various backgrounds. This allows steady improvement in therapy results, but at the same time makes the diagnostic, imaging and therapeutic processes more complex and complicated, requiring every stage of those processes to be planned, organized, controlled and improved so as to assure high quality of services provided. The aim of this paper is to present clinical quality standards for radiotherapy as developed by the author. Material and methods In order to develop the quality standards, a comparative analysis was performed between European and Polish legal acts adopted in the period of 1980-2006 and the universal industrial ISO 9001:2008 standard, defining requirements for quality management systems, and relevant articles published in 1984-2009 were reviewed, including applicable guidelines and recommendations of American, international, European and Polish bodies, such as the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and the Organisation of European Cancer Institutes (OECI) on quality assurance and management in radiotherapy. Results As a result, 352 quality standards for radiotherapy were developed and categorized into the following three groups: 1 – organizational standards; 2 – physico-technical standards and 3 – clinical standards. Conclusion Proposed clinical quality standards for radiotherapy can be used by any institution using ionizing radiation for medical purposes. However, standards are of value only if they are implemented, reviewed, audited and improved, and if there is a clear mechanism in place to monitor and address failure to meet agreed standards.

2012-01-01

30

Job Grading Standard for Machinist, WG 3414.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard covers nonsupervisory work involved in the manufacture and repair of parts and items of equipment which require the use of various types of standard and special machine tools and their attachments to machine metals, metal alloys, and other materials. The work requires skills ranging from initial planning of necessary work sequences to…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

31

Job Grading Standard for Machinist, WG 3414.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The standard covers nonsupervisory work involved in the manufacture and repair of parts and items of equipment which require the use of various types of standard and special machine tools and their attachments to machine metals, metal alloys, and other materials. The work requires skills ranging from initial planning of necessary work sequences…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

32

Grading Standards and Course Challenge: An Analytical-Empirical Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyses current concerns over grading standards and academic inflation. Attempting to clarify a complex phenomenon, the researchers took advantage of a rare opportunity afforded by one university's policy reducing the number of high grades awarded by its Education department. The issue providing the focus of study was whether…

Ridley, Dennis R.; Quanty, Michael B.; Sciabica, Mark

2003-01-01

33

Editorially Speaking. On Abandoning Grading and Reconsidering Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses attacks made on today's grading system and the rationale for a shift to more egalitarian academic standards in student evaluation. Indicates that the traditional issues still remain unsolved at least for the present. (CC)|

Lippincott, W. L.

1973-01-01

34

78 FR 25416 - United States Standards for Grades of Okra  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), proposes to revise the voluntary United States Standards for Grades of Okra by removing the ``Unclassified'' section from the...

2013-05-01

35

78 FR 63158 - United States Standards for Grades of Okra  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) of the Department of Agriculture (USDA) is revising the voluntary United States Standards for Grades of Okra by removing the ``Unclassified'' category from the...

2013-10-23

36

Standards in Practice, Grades K-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Viewing the English language arts standards developed by the National Council of Teachers of English and the International Reading Association as a point of departure rather than a final destination, this book presents a number of ways to increase student ownership of learning. The book details a pedagogy that recognizes, respects, and builds from…

Crafton, Linda K.

37

Job Grading Standard for Electroplater, WG-3711.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The standard for Electroplating Worker WG-7 and Electroplater WG-9 covers work involving the use of electrolytic and chemical processes to plate, coat, and treat surfaces of metals and metal alloys for purposes of protection, repair, maintenance, and fabrication of parts and equipment. A knowledge of the preparation, testing, and maintenance of…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

38

Test-Based Grade Retention: Does It Stand Up to Professional Standards for Fair and Appropriate Test Use?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing body of research showing that grade retention serves as an educationally low-quality placement has raised increasing concerns about whether the use of standardized tests in making decisions concerning grade retention conforms to current standards for appropriate and nondiscriminatory test use. This article examines the extent to which…

Penfield, Randall D.

2010-01-01

39

77 FR 51750 - United States Standards for Grades of Grapefruit Juice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Standards for Grades of Grapefruit Juice AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service...the United States Standards for Grades of Grapefruit Juice. The grade standards for grapefruit juice have been changed to remove the...

2012-08-27

40

76 FR 34031 - United States Standards for Grades of Processed Raisins  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States Standards for Grades of Processed Raisins...States Standards for Grades of Processed Raisins...application of drying chemicals or materials)'' and...treated with drying chemicals or materials''. On...States Standards for Grades of Processed...

2011-06-10

41

A Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing criticality of software mandates a standard for software quality assurance plans. Such a standard, developed by the Computer Society's Software Engineering Standards Subcommittee, appears here.

F. Buckley

1979-01-01

42

Minimum Quality Standards, Fixed Costs, and Competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

I investigate the consequences of imposing a minimum quality standard on an industry in which firms face quality-dependent fixes costs and compete in quality and price. Even though the high-quality sellers would satisfy the standard in the absence of regulation, imposing a standard leads these sellers to raise qualities. They do so in an effort to alleviate the price competition,

Uri Ronnen

1991-01-01

43

75 FR 43141 - United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Vegetables  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...obtain copies of the grade standards, and to remove...recent revisions of other grade standards. The following...U.S. standards for grades of frozen Effective date...address for standards. Concentrate. currently used. Remove...any revisions of the grade standards; the...

2010-07-23

44

Job Grading Standard for Blocker and Bracer WG-4602.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard is used to grade nonsupervisor's work involved in blocking, bracing, staying, and securing cargo for shipment by land, sea, or air. It requires skill in constructing, placing, and installing wooden blocks, wedges, bracing structures and other staying devices, as well as skill in securing items using wires, ropes, chains, cables,…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

45

THE STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING COLLEGE GRADING STANDARDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE STUDY TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH A SPECIFIED AVERAGE ACADEMIC APTITUDE (AAA) LEVEL RECEIVED HIGHER GRADES AS ENROLLMENT INCREASED AND ADMISSION STANDARDS WERE LOWERED TO FILL NEW DORMITORIES. AAA WAS COMPUTED FROM AN ENTERING FRESHMAN'S COMBINED SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST (SAT) VERBAL AND QUANTITIVE SCORES. LOCATING…

GLADNEY, MARILYN B.; HILLS, JOHN R.

46

THE STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING COLLEGE GRADING STANDARDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE STUDY TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH A SPECIFIED AVERAGE ACADEMIC APTITUDE (AAA) LEVEL RECEIVED HIGHER GRADES AS ENROLLMENT INCREASED AND ADMISSION STANDARDS WERE LOWERED TO FILL NEW DORMITORIES. AAA WAS COMPUTED FROM AN ENTERING FRESHMAN'S COMBINED SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST (SAT) VERBAL AND QUANTITIVE SCORES. LOCATING…

GLADNEY, MARILYN B.; HILLS, JOHN R.

47

Standardized Curriculum for Enrichment Agriculture. Grades 7 and 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standardized vocational education course titles and core contents are provided for two courses in Mississippi: agriculture, grades seven and eight. The first course contains the following units: (1) agricultural careers; (2) leadership and Future Farmers of America (FFA); (3) public speaking; (4) parliamentary procedures; (5) introduction to…

Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson. Office of Vocational, Technical and Adult Education.

48

75 FR 22551 - United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries are available...United States Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries. These...associated with revising an official grade standard, AMS published a notice...revise the U.S. Standards for Grades of Frozen Blueberries....

2010-04-29

49

MOST CURRENT WATER QUALITY STANDARDS - LINEAR EVENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Designated uses (from State Water Quality Standards) for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. Most current Water Quality Standards Waterbodies coded onto route.rch (Transport and Coastline Reach) feature of the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) to create Linear Events....

50

MOST CURRENT WATER QUALITY STANDARDS - WATERBODY SHAPEFILES  

EPA Science Inventory

State Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. 2000 Water Quality Standards coded onto the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) Waterbody Reaches (region.rch) to create Waterbody Shapefiles....

51

End of Course Grades and Standardized Test Scores: Are Grades Predictive of Student Achievement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the extent to which end-of-course grades are predictive of Virginia Standards of Learning test scores in nine high school content areas. It also analyzed the impact of the variables school cluster attended, gender, ethnicity, disability status, Limited English Proficiency status, and socioeconomic status on the relationship…

Ricketts, Christine R.

2010-01-01

52

78 FR 52131 - United States Standards for Grades of Creole Onions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States Standards for Grades of Creole Onions, which...Development Center, Riverside Business Park, 100 Riverside...States Standards for Grades of Creole Onions are...condition, quantity, grade and packaging and recommend...States Standards for Grades of Fruits and...

2013-08-22

53

[Quality standard of Sappan Lignum].  

PubMed

To establish the quality standard of Sappan Lignum, TLC and HPLC method were employed. The components of Sappan Lignum could be separated well on GF254 thin layer plate using a mixture of chloroform-acetone-formic acid (8:4:1) as the mobile phase, and the 18 samples collected basically showed the same spots. The ethanol-soluble extractives of 18 samples varied in the range of 6.4% to 11.3%. The methodological investigation of assay showed, the peak areas and the injection amount of Brazilin and (+/-) protosappanin B were in good linear correlation when their amounts were in the ranges of 0.362-5.425 microg and 0.313-4.695 microg, with the regression equations of Y = 798,999.57X - 219,666.54 (r = 0.9997) and Y = 930,296.63X - 123,330.67 (r = 0.9995) and the average recoveries were 98.6% and 100.5%, respectively. The contents differed significantly among the samples. The TLC identification method established was suitable to identify Sappan Lignum due to its strong specificity. The HPLC assay method established could be applied to the quality control of Sappan Lignum due to its convenience, good reproducibility and high accuracy. PMID:21046730

Chen, Yuping; Bi, Dan; Tu, Pengfei

2010-08-01

54

7 CFR 29.2461 - Summary of standard grades.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...No-G.â Standard sizes applicable. A1, A2 2, 3 B1 2, 3 B2, B3, B4, B5 1, 2, 3 C1 2, 3 C2, C3, C4, C5 1, 2, 3 X3, X4, X5, M and G 1 2 1 No size is applied to these grades if tobacco is under size 2....

2013-01-01

55

Quality Leadership when Regulatory Standards are Forthcoming  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many markets, governments set minimum quality standards while some sellers compete on the basis of quality by exceeding them. Such quality leadership strategies often win public acclaim, especially when they involve environmental attributes. Using a duopoly model of vertical product di¡erentiation, we show that if the high-quality ¢rm can commit to a quality level before regulations are promulgated, it

Stefan Lutz; Thomas P. Lyon; John W. Maxwell

2000-01-01

56

7 CFR 989.702 - Minimum grade standards for packed raisins.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the requirements of U.S. Grade B as defined in said standards...requirements of Marketing Order Grade B prescribed in this paragraph...both, and are washed with water to assure a wholesome product. (2) Grades. (i) Marketing...

2010-01-01

57

7 CFR 989.702 - Minimum grade standards for packed raisins.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the requirements of U.S. Grade B as defined in said standards...requirements of Marketing Order Grade B prescribed in this paragraph...both, and are washed with water to assure a wholesome product. (2) Grades. (i) Marketing...

2009-01-01

58

San Diego earned water quality and compliance grades of Fair in 2001 and 2000. San Diego has no recent reported violations of current, pending, or proposed standards for water, but it does face some significant water quality issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some areas of San Diego have high levels of cancer-causing chlorination byproducts (total trihalomethanes, or TTHMs), averaging just below the new EPA standard. In 2001, for example, San Diegans served by the Otay treatment plant had water in their taps with average TTHM levels of about 70 parts per billion (ppb), and peak levels of 95 parts per billion. The

ON TAP; CALIFORNIA EDITION

59

United States Standards for Grades of Veal and Calf Carcasses (Effective Date October 6, 1980).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The official standards for grades of veal and calf carcasses were initially promulgated on July 12, 1928. The standards were amended in October 1940 by changing the grade designation Medium and Common to Commercial and Utility, respectively. Beginning Sep...

1980-01-01

60

An evaluation of the quality of medicinal grade cannabis in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 2003 medicinal grade cannabis is provided in the Netherlands on prescription through phar- macies. Growing, processing and packaging of the plant material are performed according to pharmaceutical standards and are supervised by the official Office of Medicinal Cannabis (OMC). The quality is guaranteed through regular testing by certified laboratories. However, in the Nether- lands a tolerated illicit cannabis market

Arno Hazekamp

61

Quality and Standards in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality and standards in higher education is a tricky topic, but one that will not go away. Everyone has a view, but it is rarely informed by fact. The subject is particularly difficult for several reasons. Perhaps the most important of these is the lack of any generally agreed definition of what quality and standards are. In this article, the…

Williams, Peter

2010-01-01

62

MOST CURRENT WATER QUALITY STANDARDS - POINT EVENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

State Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. Most current Water Quality Standards coded onto route.rch (Transport and Coastline Reach) feature of the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) to create NHD - Point Events. Point events are...

63

DEVELOPING STANDARDS TO JUDGE FLAX FIBRE QUALITY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Unlike cotton, flax and other bast fibres do not have objective standards for testing or classification. Flax fibres are evaluated and graded within countries or individual companies, but only one test method (ISO 2370 for flax fibre fineness) is recognized on an international level. Marketing of ...

64

Influence of Herbicides on Peanut Yield, Grade, and Seed Quality  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Small-plot, irrigated field trials were conducted at 2 locations in 2005 (Tifton, Dawson) to evaluate the influence of imazapic and 2,4-DB on tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) infection, yield, grade, and seed quality of three peanut varieties (Georgia Green, C-99R, GA-01R). A split-plot design (var...

65

Making the Grade: How Boards Can Ensure Academic Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Making the Grade: How Boards Can Ensure Academic Quality" fills a significant void in today's boardroom discussions with its clear, realistic advice and its "perfect pitch" balancing act with respect to board involvement with the heart of the academic enterprise: teaching and learning. NCHEMS vice president Peter Ewell clarifies the grey areas of…

Ewell, Peter

2006-01-01

66

United States Standards for Grades of Pork Carcasses (Effective Date January 14, 1985).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tentative standards for grades of pork carcasses and fresh pork cuts were issued by USDA in 1931. These tentative standards were slightly revised in 1933. New standards for grades of barrow and gilt carcasses were proposed by USDA in 1949. These standards...

1985-01-01

67

Standards-Based Grading: New Report Cards Aim to Make Mastery Clear  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing band of teachers, schools, and entire districts have put their faith in standards-based grading, an innovative, albeit complex and sometimes controversial, method that aims to make grades more meaningful. A standards-based report card contains an overall grade for each course but also indicates how well a student has mastered each of…

Spencer, Kyle

2012-01-01

68

National Beef Quality Audit-2011: Survey of instrument grading assessments of beef carcass characteristics  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The instrument grading assessments for the 2011 National Beef Quality Audit evaluated seasonal trends of beef carcass quality and yield attributes over the course of the year. One week of instrument grading data, HCW, gender, USDA quality grade (QG), and yield grade (YG) factors, were collected ever...

69

7 CFR 29.1181 - Summary of standard grades.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Scorched B3KK B4KK B5KK B6KK C4KK 6 Grades of Slick B3S X3S B4S C4S X4S B5S 4 Grades of Whitish-Lemon X3LL C4LL X4LL C5LL 2 Grades of Cutters (Primings Side) C5LP C5FP 13 Grades of Nondescript N1L N1KV...

2013-01-01

70

The relationship between measures of vocabulary and narrative writing quality in second- and fourth-grade students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between measures of written vocabulary and writing quality. Participants\\u000a included 92 second-grade students and 101 fourth-grade students. Students completed two writing samples: one an experimenter-developed\\u000a writing task and the other, a standardized assessment of writing quality. Research questions examined whether four vocabulary\\u000a measures (vocabulary diversity, less frequent vocabulary, mean syllable

Natalie G. Olinghouse; Jacqueline T. Leaird

2009-01-01

71

Nevada Foreign Language Standards: Content Standards for Grades Kindergarten, 3, 5, 8, 1st Year High School Study, 2nd Year High School Study, and 4th Year High School Study [and] Performance Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These standards offer a vision of excellence for K-12 foreign language education in Nevada. They are designed to provide guidance for school districts as they develop high quality foreign language programs through Nevada schools. The standards are benchmarked for the following grades: kindergarten, 3rd, 5th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 12th. For each…

Nevada State Dept. of Education, Carson City.

72

National Standards for Quality Online Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mission of the International Association for K-12 Online Learning, iNACOL, is to ensure all students have access to a world-class education and quality online learning opportunities that prepare them for a lifetime of success. This document, the International Association for K-12 Online Learning's (iNACOL) "National Standards for Quality

Pape, Liz; Wicks, Matthew

2009-01-01

73

Improving the development of water quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic multi-objective process for setting water quality standards is described. The process takes into account such factors as political feasibility, achievement cost, scientific criteria relating water quality and water uses, and administrative considerations. As more demands are imposed on the same finite amount of water, the need for a systematic process that balances the conflicting concerns in the development

R. R. Noss; D. H. Marks

1981-01-01

74

Drinking water quality standards and controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intended as a handy reference guides for sanitary engineers, public health administrators, or water treatment professionals, Drinking Water Quality Standards is designed as a one-stop' evaluation of water quality controls issues - both from the source to the treatment plant and from the distribution system to the consumer. Because of the concern generated by recent discoveries of contaminants in potable

Zuane; J. De

1990-01-01

75

Quality and Standards: Clarity, Comparability and Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses three central issues relating to quality and standards: clarity, comparability and responsibility. The issue of clarity is that we have reached a point of disjunction between the questions being asked by the public and the answers being provided by quality assurance professionals. The issue of comparability comes in two…

Brink, Chris

2010-01-01

76

International Accounting Standards and Accounting Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether application of International Accounting Standards (IAS) is associated with higher accounting quality. The application of IAS reflects combined effects of features of the financial reporting system, including standards, their interpretation, enforcement, and litigation. We find that firms applying IAS from 21 countries generally evidence less earnings management, more timely loss recognition, and more value relevance of accounting

MARY E. BARTH; WAYNE R. LANDSMAN; MARK H. LANG

2008-01-01

77

Proposal for a kava quality standardization code.  

PubMed

Rare cases of hepatotoxicity emerged with the use of kava drugs and dietary supplements prepared from rhizomes and roots of the South Pacific plant kava (Piper methysticum). Their psychoactive, anxiolytic, relaxing, and recreational ingredients are the kavalactones kavain, dihydrokavain, methysticin, dihydromethysticin, yangonin, and desmethoxyyangonin, but there is little evidence that these kavalactones or the non-kavalactones pipermethystine and flavokavain B are the culprits of the adverse hepatic reactions. It rather appears that poor quality of the kava material was responsible for the liver toxicity. Analysis of existing kava quality standardizations with focus on chemical, agricultural, manufacturing, nutritional, regulatory, and legislation backgrounds showed major shortcomings that could easily explain quality problems. We therefore suggest a uniform, internationally accepted device for kava quality standardizations that are in the interest of the consumers because of safety reasons and will meet the expectations of kava farmers, pharmaceutical manufacturers, regulators of agencies, and legislators. The initial step resides in the establishment of Pan-Pacific kava quality legislation as an important part of the proposed Kava Quality Standardization Code. In conclusion, a sophisticated approach to establish kava quality standardizations is needed for safe human use of kava as relaxing traditional beverages, the anxiolytic drugs, and recreational dietary supplements. PMID:21756963

Teschke, Rolf; Lebot, Vincent

2011-07-03

78

7 CFR 996.31 - Outgoing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Standards § 996.31 Outgoing quality standards. (a) Shelled...Service as meeting the following quality standards: Minimum Quality StandardsâPeanuts for Human...percent) Total fall through Sound whole kernels and/or...

2010-01-01

79

7 CFR 996.31 - Outgoing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Standards § 996.31 Outgoing quality standards. (a) Shelled...Service as meeting the following quality standards: Minimum Quality StandardsâPeanuts for Human...percent) Total fall through Sound whole kernels and/or...

2009-01-01

80

40 CFR 35.2111 - Revised water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Revised water quality standards. 35.2111 Section...Works § 35.2111 Revised water quality standards. After December...December 29, 1981, had their water quality standards reviewed and...

2013-07-01

81

Ideas: NCTM Standards-Based Instruction, Grades 5-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is a collection of activity-based mathematics lessons for grades 5-8 from the "Ideas" department in "Arithmetic Teacher: Mathematics Education through the Middle Grades." Each lesson includes background information, objectives, directions, extensions, and student worksheets. A matrix is included which correlates the titles of the…

Hynes, Michael C., Ed.

82

Ideas: NCTM Standards-Based Instruction, Grades K-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is a collection of activity-based mathematics lessons for grades K-4 from the "Ideas" department in "Arithmetic Teacher: Mathematics Education through the Middle Grades." Each lesson includes background information, objectives, directions, extensions, and student worksheets. A matrix is included which correlates the titles of the…

Hynes, Michael C., Ed.

83

Deriving Chesapeake Bay Water Quality Standards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Achieving and maintaining the water quality conditions necessary to protect the aquatic living resources of the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries has required a foundation of quantifiable water quality criteria. Quantitative criteria serve as a critical basis for assessing the attainment of designated uses and measuring progress toward meeting water quality goals of the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership. In 1987, the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership committed to defining the water quality conditions necessary to protect aquatic living resources. Under section 303(c) of the Clean Water Act, States and authorized tribes have the primary responsibility for adopting water quality standards into law or regulation. The Chesapeake Bay Program partnership worked with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to develop and publish a guidance framework of ambient water quality criteria with designated uses and assessment procedures for dissolved oxygen, water clarity, and chlorophyll a for Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries in 2003. This article reviews the derivation of the water quality criteria, criteria assessment protocols, designated use boundaries, and their refinements published in six addendum documents since 2003 and successfully adopted into each jurisdiction's water quality standards used in developing the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load.

Tango, Peter J.; Batiuk, Richard A.

2013-01-01

84

Quality Standard for the Treatment of Bacteremia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. The objective of this quality standard is to opti- mize the treatment of bacteremia in hospitalized patients by en- suring that the antibiotic given is appropriate in terms of the blood culture susceptibility of the pathogen. Although this stan- dard may appear to be minimal in scope, it is needed because appropriate antimicrobial treatment is not given in 5%-17%

Peter A. Gross; Trisha L. Barrett; E. Patchen Dellinger; Peter J. Krause; William J. Martone; John E. McGowan; Richard L. Sweet; Richard P. Wenzel

1994-01-01

85

Maternal Quality Standards for Children's Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of telephone interviews carried out among a random sample of mothers with children between three and 12 years of age (n = 357), this study investigated the standards mothers use to evaluate the quality of four types of children's television programs: cartoons, news programs for children, educational children's programs, and dramatic children's programs. A factor analysis resulted

Peter Nikken; Ellen Van Bochove

1996-01-01

86

Developing water quality standards for coastal dolphins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EU Habitats Directive requires Member States to consider the potential impact of sewage discharges on protected wildlife populations, but efforts to reduce these threats are constrained by the lack of appropriate water quality guidelines for wildlife. In Scotland, recommendations for higher discharge standards in areas frequented by bottlenose dolphins have been criticised on the basis of scientific uncertainty. This

Paul M. Thompson

2007-01-01

87

Mammography Quality Standards Act and Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by the FDA, this site is a clearinghouse of information for mammography facility personnel, educators and others about the implementation of MQSA or the Mammography Quality Standards Act of 1992. The purpose of MQSA was to \\"ensure that all women have access to quality mammography for the detection of breast cancer in its earliest, most treatable stages.\\" Congress reauthorized MQSA in the fall of 2004 extending the program to 2007 -- so users may also see references to MQSRA which refer to the Mammography Quality Standards Reauthorization Acts of 1998 and 2004. The full text of the act is accessible at the site as well as a good deal of information and guidance for those in mammography facilities - including information about inspections and certification. Scorecard information and articles which provide an overview about facilities\\' adherence to MQSA are available along with reports related to the MQSA program and accreditation.

2007-02-04

88

Quality standards for passenger trains: Political majorities and environmental costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the minimum quality standard set by the European Union through regulation 1371\\/2007 of rail passengers’ rights and obligations. A welfare maximizing quality standard raises quality and consumer satisfaction, but does not improve the modal split of rail transport. A minimum quality standard determined by political majorities may or may not increase welfare. All binding standards, however, induce

Julia Rothbauer; Gernot Sieg

2011-01-01

89

Geographic Information Quality Management and Standardization in Finnish Defence Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The main issue in Geographic Information Quality Management (GIQM) and standardization is to achieve interoperability through standardization. This still ongoing research project defines a quality model for geographic information in Finnish Defence Forces (FDF). The quality model is strongly based on international ISO standardization. The quality model defines a basis for consistent concepts and methods for GIQM. FDF quality

Kari INGBERG

90

Chiropractic quality assurance: standards and guidelines  

PubMed Central

Chiropractic quality assurance involves development of both clinical guidelines and standards. Confusion generated by poor differentiation of guidelines from standards contributes to mistrust of the guideline development process. Guidelines are considered to be recommendations that allow for flexibility and individual patient differences. Standards are more binding and require a high level of supporting evidence. While guidelines serve as educational tools to improve the quality of practice, standards that outline minimum competency are used more as administrative tools on which to base policy. Barriers to development of clinical guidelines and standards include fear that they will create prescriptive “cookbook” practice, and the distrust that guidelines are developed primarily for cost containment. Clinicians also criticize guidelines developed by academics that don't relate to practice, and those based on evidence that lacks clinical relevance. Conflicting guidelines perceived to be based on strong bias or conflict of interest are also suspect. To reduce barriers to acceptance and implementation, guidelines should be inclusive, patient-centered, and based on a variety of evidence and clinical experience.

Gatterman, Meridel I; Dobson, Thomas P; LeFevbre, Ron

2001-01-01

91

Wind Power Quality Test for Comparison of Power Quality Standards  

SciTech Connect

Power quality testing is important to wind power applications for several reasons. The nature of wind turbine generation is different from conventional power plants. Although windfarms are growing in capacity and diversifying in nature in the U.S. and throughout the globe, there is no standard that addresses the power quality of wind turbines or wind farms. The International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC) has convened Working Group 10 (WG10) to address testing and assessment of power quality characteristics of wind turbines. A IEEE task force has been appointed to reconsider flicker measurement procedures in the U.S. Lastly, power quality tests are now required as part of the certification process for wind turbines. NREL began this work both in response to industry request and in support of the IEC working group. (Mr. Gregory is a member of the IEC working group) This paper presents the NREL Certification Testing Team's effort in developing procedures and equipment for power quality testing for wind turbine certification. Summaries of several power quality standards that are applicable to this process are also presented in this paper.

Jacobson, R.; Gregory, B. (National Wind Technology Center)

1999-09-09

92

Job Grading Standard for Electrician (High Voltage) WG-2810.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The standard covers nonsupervisory work involved in installation, test, repair, and maintenance of electric power plant and/or overhead and underground primary electrical distribution systems. These jobs require knowledge and application of electrical principles, procedures, materials, and safety standards governing work on electrical systems…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

93

75 FR 22707 - United States Standards for Grades of Potatoes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirement to allow mixed colors and/or types of potatoes...intended to have retroactive effect. There are no administrative...potato farms. The effects of this rule are not...standard to allow mixed colors and/or types of potatoes...standard to allow for mixed colors and/or types of...

2010-04-30

94

Aligning Policy and Methodology to Achieve Consistent Across-Grade Performance Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a coherent educational assessment system, the relation between the cut scores across the grades of a content area should reflect the goals of the educational system moderated by the state of the standards within that system. In this article, we discuss the need for consistent cut scores across the grades of a content area; we present and…

Lewis, Daniel M.; Haug, Carolyn A.

2005-01-01

95

Changes in High School Grading Standards in Mathematics, 1982-1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Changes in high school grading standards were evaluated, focusing on mathematics because only in mathematics was it possible to adjust grades to take into account tested achievement. Data are from nationally representative surveys, the High School and Beyond Study, and the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988. Descriptive analyses were…

Koretz, Daniel; Berends, Mark

96

Grading Policies that Work Against Standards...and How To Fix Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important element of a sucessful standards-based reform initiative includes grading and reporting that refers to specific learning criteria rather than nor mative criteria, Four grading policies that impose barriers to reform are described. Specific stategies to correct these policies are offered.

Thomas R. Guskey

2000-01-01

97

Making the Grade: A Report on Standards in Work-Based Learning for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reasons for the deterioration of the inspection grades awarded for work-based learning (WBL) provision in England were examined. The main data collection activities were as follows: (1) a statistical analysis of the Training Standards Council (TSC) and Adult Learning Inspectorate (ALI) inspection grades in 1998-2001; (2) a qualitative review…

Hughes, Maria

98

75 FR 43142 - United States Standards for Grades of Refried Beans  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...phone: (202) 720-5021; fax: (202) 690-1527. Background A trade association representing the processed food industry requested that USDA develop grade standards for canned refried beans to be used by the industry. AMS prepared a...

2010-07-23

99

The Effect Of Information On Product Quality: Evidence From Restaurant Hygiene Grade Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effect of an increase in product quality information to consumers on firms' choices of product quality. In 1998 Los Angeles County introduced hygiene quality grade cards to be displayed in restaurant windows. We show that the grade cards cause (i) restaurant health inspection scores to increase, (ii) consumer demand to become sensitive to changes in restaurants'

Ginger Zhe Jin; Phillip Leslie

2003-01-01

100

Effect of neurological dysfunction on health-related quality of life in patients with high-grade glioma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to assesshealth-related quality of life (HQL) in patients withhigh-grade malignant glioma of the brain. The EORTCcore Quality of Life Questionaire (QLQ-C30) and aBrain Cancer Module (BCM20) were administered at baselineand several weeks later (follow-up) to 105 patientswith either recently-diagnosed (n=41) or recurrent(n=64) malignant glioma. In addition, theattending neurologists completed a standard neurological examination, amodified

D. Osoba; N. K. Aaronson; M. Muller; K. Sneeuw; M.-A. Hsu; W. K. A. Yung; M. Brada; E. Newlands

1997-01-01

101

Issues regarding the ozone air quality standards  

SciTech Connect

The author has proposed a robust two-component testing scheme for attainment status. It aims at reducing the impact of fluctuations, such as the 1988 heat wave, that push the long-standing attainment areas into nonattainment. The scheme is not protective of the status of attainment areas with an upward ozone trend, be the trend due to a change in ozone-precursor emissions or persistent adverse meteorology. The scheme is applicable to an ozone standard that uses an order statistic like the annual second-highest value or the annual 95th percentile. He also discuss the stringency of the California ozone air quality standard and the nonattainment-transitional status introduced by the Staff of the California Air Resource Board.

Chock, D.P. (Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (USA))

1991-02-01

102

Colorado Model Content Standards for Geography, Grades K-8. Suggested Grade Level Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide lists six model content standards for geography education in Colorado elementary schools. Standards cited in the guide are: (1) students know how to use and construct maps, globes, and other geographic tools to locate and derive information about people, places, and environments; (2) students know the physical and human characteristics…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

103

Colorado Model Content Standards for Civics, Grades K-8. Suggested Grade Level Expectations. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide lists four model content standards for civics education in Colorado elementary schools. Standards cited in the guide are: (1) students understand the purposes of government, and the basic constitutional principles of the U.S. republican form of government; (2) students know the structure and function of local, state, and national…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

104

7 CFR 29.2686 - Summary of standard grades.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...designated âNo-G.â Standard Sizes Applicable A1, A2, A3 2, 3 B1, B2, B3, B4, B5 1, 2, 3 C1, C2, C3, C4, C5 1, 2, 3 [37 FR 13626, July 12, 1972, as amended at 49 FR 16757, Apr. 20, 1984; 51 FR 40407, Nov. 7,...

2013-01-01

105

Job Grading Standard for Telephone Mechanic, WG-2502.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The standard differentiates among telephone worker (WG-9), telephone mechanic (WG-10), and telephone mechanic (WG-11) in terms of duties, skill and knowledge, responsibility, physical effort, and working conditions. All are involved in installing, modifying, repairing, and maintaining telephone systems. The work requires knowledge and telephone…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

106

Job Grading Standard for Machine Tool Operator, WG-3431.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The standard covers nonsupervisory work involved in the set up, adjustment, and operation of conventional machine tools to perform machining operations in the manufacture and repair of castings, forgings, or parts from raw stock made of various metals, metal alloys, and other materials. A general description of the job at both the WG-8 and WG-9…

Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

107

Middle school science grades: Can they be used to forecast performance on standardized tests?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine if classroom science grades could be used to forecast standardized testing readiness for the Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). Participants for this study consisted of 647 eighth grade students assigned to a public middle school in Florida. Using annual classroom science grades and the corresponding year's FCAT Science scale scores for each student, scatter plot graphs and Pearson product-moment correlations were used to determine their relationships. Correlation strengths were determined for several segmented student populations. First, the grade and FCAT score relationship for the entire middle school population was calculated and, then, the relationship between grades and FCAT scores for students grouped by their individual assigned science teacher was determined. Next, a second look at students grouped as above was conducted, this time focusing only on students with unacceptable FCAT scores (levels 1 and 2). The correlation between grades and FCAT scores for the entire middle school was moderate and ranged from high to weak for students assigned to individual science teachers. The relationship of grades and FCAT scores for middle school students that scored at levels 1 and 2 was weakly correlated and ranged from moderate to weak for students as they were assigned to their science teachers. Generally, classroom grades were found to be inefficient predictors for standardized testing readiness for students assigned to this middle school.

Hubbard, Gary L.

108

7 CFR 996.30 - Incoming quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Incoming quality standards. 996.30 Section 996...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINIMUM QUALITY AND HANDLING STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND...PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Quality and Handling Standards § 996.30...

2013-01-01

109

7 CFR 996.31 - Outgoing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Outgoing quality standards. 996.31 Section 996...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINIMUM QUALITY AND HANDLING STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND...PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Quality and Handling Standards § 996.31...

2013-01-01

110

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades 9-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for Grades 9-12 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools", adopted by the Virginia Board of Education in November 2002. In addition, the Enhanced Scope and Sequence…

Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

111

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades K-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for grades K-5 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools," adopted by the Board of Education in November 2002. In addition, the Enhanced Scope and Sequence provides…

Capps, Lee; Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

112

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for grades 6-8 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools," adopted by the Board of Education in November 2002. The Enhanced Scope and Sequence provides teachers with…

Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

113

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades K-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for grades K-5 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools," adopted by the Board of Education in November 2002. In addition, the Enhanced Scope and Sequence provides…

Capps, Lee; Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

114

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades 6-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for grades 6-8 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools," adopted by the Board of Education in November 2002. The Enhanced Scope and Sequence provides teachers with…

Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

115

English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence for Grades 9-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "English Standards of Learning Enhanced Scope and Sequence" for Grades 9-12 is a resource intended to help teachers align their classroom instruction with the content found in "English Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools", adopted by the Virginia Board of Education in November 2002. In addition, the Enhanced Scope and Sequence…

Stevens, Bruce B.

2004-01-01

116

Data Analysis and Statistics in Middle Grades: An Analysis of Content Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study reported herein was to identify the important aspects of statistical knowledge that students in the middle school grades in United States are expected to learn as well as what the teachers are expected to teach. A systematic study of 49 states standards and one set of national standards was used to identify these…

Sorto, M. Alejandra

2011-01-01

117

24 CFR 982.401 - Housing quality standards (HQS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...This section states the housing quality standards (HQS) for housing...for these key aspects of housing quality: (A) Sanitary facilities...materials; (G) Interior air quality; (H) Water supply; (I)...

2013-04-01

118

Classroom Quality and Student Engagement: Contributions to Third-Grade Reading Skills  

PubMed Central

This study, using NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development longitudinal data, investigated the effects of classroom quality and students’ third-grade behavioral engagement on students’ third-grade reading achievement (n?=?1,364) and also examined the extent to which students’ third-grade behavioral engagement mediated the association between classroom quality and children's reading skills. SEM results revealed that controlling for family socio economic risk and students’ first-grade reading achievement, classroom quality significantly, and positively predicted children's behavioral engagement, which in turn predicted greater reading achievement. Higher levels of children's behavioral engagement were associated with higher reading achievement. Implications for policy and practice are discussed.

Guo, Ying; Connor, Carol McDonald; Tompkins, Virginia; Morrison, Frederick J.

2011-01-01

119

Putting Standards into Practice: Evaluating the Utility of the NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite their importance, there has been surprisingly little scholarly examination of the "NAGC Pre-K-Grade 12 Gifted Program Standards" (NAGC, 2008/2000; Landrum, Callahan, & Shaklee, 2001) since their publication a decade ago. As part of a larger study investigating the effectiveness of local policies developed within the framework of state…

Matthews, Michael S.; Shaunessy, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

120

49 CFR 575.104 - Uniform tire quality grading standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the United States by the tire's manufacturer of tires of the same design and size as the tire does not exceed 15,000 tires...iii) of this section, does not exceed 35,000 tires. Tire design is the combination of general structural...

2009-10-01

121

49 CFR 575.104 - Uniform tire quality grading standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the United States by the tire's manufacturer of tires of the same design and size as the tire does not exceed 15,000 tires...iii) of this section, does not exceed 35,000 tires. Tire design is the combination of general structural...

2010-10-01

122

Exercise in the treatment of major depression: A systematic review grading the quality of evidence.  

PubMed

Objective: To examine the quality of evidence for exercise in the treatment of major depression, comparing specific study types; aerobic exercise vs. antidepressants, aerobic exercise vs. any physical activity, and aerobic exercise as augmentation therapy to treatment as usual vs. treatment as usual. Methods: Electronic searches for randomized controlled studies, reporting on treatment outcome in adults with major depression confirmed by a clinical interview. Quality of evidence was assessed using the Grading and Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation and an additional risk of bias-protocol. Results: Fourteen eligible studies were retrieved, of which nine had low risk of bias. We found moderate quality of evidence that aerobic exercise has no significant effect compared to antidepressants. We found moderate quality of evidence that aerobic exercise at a moderate to high intensity has no significant effect compared to other forms of physical activity. We found low quality of evidence that exercise as augmentation to treatment as usual has a small effect - depression scores were on average 0.44 of a standard deviation lower - compared to treatment as usual. Conclusion: In general, exercise appears to be beneficial in the treatment of depression when used in combination with medication. A significant issue that is not well addressed in previous studies is the risks associated with exercise. Further, this review indicates that aerobic exercise is not more effective than other types of physical activity, pointing to a need to further investigate active components. PMID:23521569

Danielsson, Louise; Noras, Anna Maria; Waern, Margda; Carlsson, Jane

2013-03-22

123

The Explication of Quality Standards in Self-Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education aiming at students' competence development asks for new assessment methods. The quality of these methods needs to be assured using adapted quality criteria and accompanying standards. As such standards are not widely available, this study sets out to examine what level of compliance with quality criteria stakeholders consider…

Bronkhorst, Larike H.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Stokking, Karel M.

2012-01-01

124

The Explication of Quality Standards in Self-Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education aiming at students' competence development asks for new assessment methods. The quality of these methods needs to be assured using adapted quality criteria and accompanying standards. As such standards are not widely available, this study sets out to examine what level of compliance with quality criteria stakeholders consider…

Bronkhorst, Larike H.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Stokking, Karel M.

2012-01-01

125

NHD INDEXED LOCATIONS FOR WATER QUALITY STANDARDS (WQS)  

EPA Science Inventory

State (also includes DC, tribes, and territories; i.e., "jurisdictions") Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses for river segments, lakes, and estuaries. The Water Quality Standards' Designated Uses are able to be linked to tables of water quality criteria w...

126

7 CFR 29.2272 - Grade.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTAINER REGULATIONS TOBACCO INSPECTION Standards Official Standard Grades for Virginia Fire-Cured Tobacco (u.s. Type 21) § 29.2272 Grade. A subdivision of a type according to group, quality, and...

2013-01-01

127

Quality standards and samples in genetic testing  

PubMed Central

The most critical performance indicator for medical laboratories is the delivery of accurate test results. In any laboratory, there is always the possibility that random or systematic errors may occur and place human health and welfare at risk. Laboratory quality assurance programmes continue to drive improvements in analytical accuracy. The most rigorously scrutinised data on laboratory errors, which come from transfusion medicine, reveal that the incidence of analytical errors has fallen to levels where most of the residual risk is now found in preanalytical links in the chain from patient to result, particularly activities associated with ordering of tests and sample collection. This insight is important for genetic testing because, like pretransfusion testing of patients with unknown blood groups, a substantial proportion of genotyping results cannot be immediately verified. An increasing number of clinical decisions, associated personal and social choices, and legal outcomes are now influenced by genetic test results in the absence of other confirmatory data. An incorrect test result may lead to unnecessary and irreversible interventions, which may in themselves have associated risks for the patient, inaccurate risk assessment regarding the disease, missed opportunities for disease prevention or even wrongful conviction in a court of law. Unfortunately, there is limited information available about the risk of preanalytical errors associated with, and few published guidelines regarding, sample collection for genetic testing. The growing number and range of important decisions made on the basis of genetic findings warrant a reappraisal of current standards to minimise risks in genetic testing.

Ravine, David

2012-01-01

128

Quality standards and samples in genetic testing.  

PubMed

The most critical performance indicator for medical laboratories is the delivery of accurate test results. In any laboratory, there is always the possibility that random or systematic errors may occur and place human health and welfare at risk. Laboratory quality assurance programmes continue to drive improvements in analytical accuracy. The most rigorously scrutinised data on laboratory errors, which come from transfusion medicine, reveal that the incidence of analytical errors has fallen to levels where most of the residual risk is now found in preanalytical links in the chain from patient to result, particularly activities associated with ordering of tests and sample collection. This insight is important for genetic testing because, like pretransfusion testing of patients with unknown blood groups, a substantial proportion of genotyping results cannot be immediately verified. An increasing number of clinical decisions, associated personal and social choices, and legal outcomes are now influenced by genetic test results in the absence of other confirmatory data. An incorrect test result may lead to unnecessary and irreversible interventions, which may in themselves have associated risks for the patient, inaccurate risk assessment regarding the disease, missed opportunities for disease prevention or even wrongful conviction in a court of law. Unfortunately, there is limited information available about the risk of preanalytical errors associated with, and few published guidelines regarding, sample collection for genetic testing. The growing number and range of important decisions made on the basis of genetic findings warrant a reappraisal of current standards to minimise risks in genetic testing. PMID:22259179

Ravine, David; Suthers, Graeme

2012-01-18

129

The Case against Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Decades of research shows that grades diminish students' interest in whatever they're learning, discourage students from taking academic risks, and reduce the quality of students' thinking, writes Kohn. Contrary to what many people assume, grades are not necessary to promote achievement. Attempts to "improve" grading--such as standards-based…

Kohn, Alfie

2011-01-01

130

40 CFR 131.6 - Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. 131...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions...6 Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission....

2013-07-01

131

40 CFR 131.6 - Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. 131.6 ...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions ...Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. The...

2009-07-01

132

40 CFR 131.6 - Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. 131.6 ...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions ...Minimum requirements for water quality standards submission. The...

2010-07-01

133

21 CFR 900.18 - Alternative requirements for § 900.12 quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MAMMOGRAPHY QUALITY STANDARDS ACT MAMMOGRAPHY Quality Standards and Certification ...at least as effective in assuring quality mammography as the standard it proposes to...

2013-04-01

134

Using Picture Books to Teach Language Arts Standards in Grades 3-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual of ideas zeroes in on current picture book titles. It features reproducible worksheets, writing activities, related reading-based activities, and technology for grades three through five. The ideas have been tested in the authors' libraries and are linked to national curricular standards. Designed for school librarians, the book is…

Copeland, Brenda S.; Messner, Patricia A.

2006-01-01

135

Using Picture Books to Teach Language Arts Standards in Grades 3-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual of ideas zeroes in on current picture book titles. It features reproducible worksheets, writing activities, related reading-based activities, and technology for grades three through five. The ideas have been tested in the authors' libraries and are linked to national curricular standards. Designed for school librarians, the book is…

Copeland, Brenda S.; Messner, Patricia A.

2006-01-01

136

Implementation of Standards-Based Grading at the Middle School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to learn about the experiences of teachers as they transition from traditional grading practices to standards-based reporting (SBR). In order to achieve this overall objective, the following research questions framed this qualitative study: (1) What understandings related to practices do middle school teachers have…

Urich, Laura Jill

2012-01-01

137

Grade Standards for Participation in Interscholastic Sports: Teachers' Views. ERS Staff Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to a 1986 Educational Research Service Educator Opinion Poll that surveyed 1 in every 700 teachers across the United States, over 90 percent of respondents believed there should be minimum grade standards for student participation in interscholastic athletics. Only 47 percent felt too much emphasis was placed on sports in the high…

Spectrum, 1987

1987-01-01

138

Television Viewing, Fat Stereotyping, Body Shape Standards, and Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Grade School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 303 first- to third-grade children measured relationships between (a) television viewing and interpersonal attraction (IA) to television characters and (b) fat stereotyping, body shape standards, and eating disorder symptomatology. Television viewing predicted an increased tendency among males to stereotype a fat female target and also predicted increased eating disorder symptomatology among participants of both genders. IA to

KRISTEN HARRISON

2000-01-01

139

40 CFR 130.3 - Water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 23 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Water quality standards. 130.3 Section 130.3 ...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT § 130.3...

2013-07-01

140

The Search for Quality Standards in Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the issues surrounding quality in higher education and its necessary adaptation to the online world of educational delivery. A historical perspective on quality standards is presented, and characteristics of recent models for quality control are outlined. Quality-related issues in Walden University's (Minnesota) two new…

Hillesheim, Gwen

141

The Standards of Quality: A Reaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lynch critiques the National Association of Industrial Technical Teacher Educators standards, particularly questioning the associate teacher proficiency level. Moss examines reasons for standards, questions the need for separate trade and industrial standards, and addresses whether they are realistic and complete. (SK)|

Lynch, Richard L.; Moss, Jerome, Jr.

1996-01-01

142

(De)Grading the Standardized Test: Can Standardized Testing Evaluate Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Standardized testing is an assessment strategy that evaluates all students and all schools on the same basic skills and, therefore, might reasonably indicate which schools are high performers and which are not. Standardized testing is not a new strategy for providing this proof. The United States has produced reams of articles criticizing…

Simmons, Nicola E.

2004-01-01

143

Implications of tighter PM10 air quality standards  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The EPA is proposing to adopt a new PM10 Air Quality Standard. The proposed PM10 Standard requires the daily PM10 concentration to be no greater than 65 or 85 µg m-3, which is lower than the current Standard (daily PM10 concentration no greater than 150 µg m-3). The proposed PM10 Standard does allow...

144

63 FR 36742 - Water Quality Standards Regulation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...sections of the U.S. population...habits. In its Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System (60 FR...Surveys.'' (U.S. EPA 1997...was made in the Great Lakes Guidance. This...deriving ambient water quality...

1998-07-07

145

Haugh Unit: Gold Standard of Egg Quality  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Rapidly determining shell egg quality in an objective manner is not an easy task. Candling is most often utilized as a quick method for assessing egg quality in a non-destructive manner, but it is a highly subjective method. As you have experienced this week, when candling, it is almost impossibl...

146

Quality Standards for Digital Reference Consortia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifies a working set of standards by which to assess individual digital reference services (Internet-based human-mediated information services) and to define membership within a collaborative network of digital reference services. The standards are designed for the Virtual Reference Desk AskA Consortium. (Author/LRW)|

Kasowitz, Abby; Bennett, Blythe; Lankes, R. David

2000-01-01

147

Children's Views on Quality Standards for Children's Television Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extending a recent study of the standards mothers apply in evaluating the quality of children's programs (Nikken et al., 1996), this study investigated the standards children between 9 and 12 years of age (N = 427) use to evaluate the quality of four types of children's programs: children's news programs, educational programs for children, dramatic programs for children, and cartoons.

Peter Nikken

1997-01-01

148

21 CFR 900.12 - Quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...interpretation of mammograms and education in basic breast anatomy, pathology, physiology, technical aspects of mammography...not necessarily be limited to: (A) Training in breast anatomy and physiology, positioning and compression, quality...

2009-04-01

149

21 CFR 900.12 - Quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...interpretation of mammograms and education in basic breast anatomy, pathology, physiology, technical aspects of mammography...not necessarily be limited to: (A) Training in breast anatomy and physiology, positioning and compression, quality...

2010-04-01

150

Alternative quality standards in qualitative research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative researchers often use other principles for judging the quality of their study than quantitative researchers. This\\u000a inhibits a straightforward assessment of the quality and comparability of different types of studies, as well as decision-making\\u000a about their usefulness for further research and practice. In this article, we question the use of alternative criteria, and\\u000a argue for one coherent and inclusive

C. L. Poortman; K. Schildkamp

151

The impact of emerging standards adoption on automated quality reporting.  

PubMed

Current quality measurement processes are labor-intensive, involving manual chart reviews and use of paper-based quality measures that vary in format and definitions from measure to measure. Automated quality reporting is considered by many to be an important tool that will help close the gaps in the quality of US health by increasing the timeliness, effectiveness, and use of quality assessment. In 2007, the US Department of Health and Human Services Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) funded three Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN) health information exchanges (HIE) to demonstrate the feasibility of automated quality reporting by using existing or emerging standards to aggregate information from multiple providers, transmit patient-level quality data in standardized formats, perform an automated quality assessment, and generate a quality report document for electronic transmission. Long Beach Network for Health (LBNH), a NHIN Cooperative HIE, developed a web-based, real-time quality assessment service that calculates quality of care measure using clinical data aggregated through a HIE. LBNH used a set of draft standards to demonstrate automated quality reporting, but noted three important recommendations for future work. First, greater coordination is needed around initiatives that address the gaps in electronic quality measurement standards and processes, including strong Federal involvement and guidance. Second, a harmonized, evergreen quality use case is needed to provide stakeholders with a common understanding on the constantly evolving approaches towards automated quality measurement and reporting. Finally, there needs to be substantial investment in building on existing work and developing a comprehensive set of data and messaging standards to preserve semantic interoperability of quality measure data. PMID:22820003

Fu, Paul C; Rosenthal, Daniel; Pevnick, Joshua M; Eisenberg, Floyd

2012-07-20

152

Impact of proposed Washington State water quality standards on Hanford  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed regulation relating to Water Quality Standards for Interstate and Coastal Waters of the State of Washington contains eight standards. Standards are established for Total Coliform Organisms, Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature, Radioactivity, pH, Turbidity, Toxic or Deleterious Material, and Aesthetic Values. The Columbia River from the Washington-Oregon border to Priest Rapids is designated as class A water. Additionally, special temperature

J. P. Corley; J. M. Selby

1967-01-01

153

National storm water quality regulations and standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the storm water quality regulations of six major industrialized nations: The United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia and Japan, the order being set by the principal authors (both North America) who consider this to be a logical geographical order. The main purpose of the paper is simply to introduce the interested reader to these rules as

Larry A. Roesner; A. Charles Rowney

1996-01-01

154

Environmental Resource Guide: Air Quality. A Series of Classroom Activities for Grades 6-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many different types of air quality can be studied in middle school science classes using available supplies. This grade 6-8 activity guide was developed to provide opportunities for children to learn about the issue of air quality. Sixteen hands-on activities integrate the issue into middle school science classes. A chart categorizes the…

Reed, Elizabeth W., Ed.

155

4-H Wetland Wonders: A Water Quality Curriculum for Grades 4 and 5. Leader Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a water quality curriculum guide for grades 4 and 5. Contents include: (1) Wetlands Wonders Resource Library; (2) Introduction to Water Quality and Wetlands; (3) Water Words; (4) The Water Cycle; (5) Watersheds: Rain Coming and Going; (6) The Water Detective; (7) Ground Water; (8) What's Soil Got To Do with It?; (9) In the…

Oregon State Univ., Corvallis. Extension Service.

156

4-H Wetland Wonders: A Water Quality Curriculum for Grades 4 and 5. Leader Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a water quality curriculum guide for grades 4 and 5. Contents include: (1) Wetlands Wonders Resource Library; (2) Introduction to Water Quality and Wetlands; (3) Water Words; (4) The Water Cycle; (5) Watersheds: Rain Coming and Going; (6) The Water Detective; (7) Ground Water; (8) What's Soil Got To Do with It?; (9) In the…

Oregon State Univ., Corvallis. Extension Service.

157

Water quality standards: Everglades National Park  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water quality criteria were developed for delivery waters to Everglades National Park. The park receives a minimum of 12.34 m3\\/sec (315,000 acre-ft\\/yr) of water from controlled sources external to its boundary. These waters often originate from areas that are or potentially are impacted from urban and agricultural developments. When, in 1970, the U.S. Congress guaranteed minimum water deliveries to Everglades

Peter C. Rosendahl; Paul W. Rose

1979-01-01

158

Electronic nose based tea quality standardization.  

PubMed

In this paper we have used a metal oxide sensor (MOS) based electronic nose (EN) to analyze five tea samples with different qualities, namely, drier month, drier month again over-fired, well fermented normal fired in oven, well fermented overfired in oven, and under fermented normal fired in oven. The flavour of tea is determined mainly by its taste and smell, which is generated by hundreds of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and Non-Volatile Organic Compounds present in tea. These VOCs are present in different ratios and determine the quality of the tea. For example Assamica (Sri Lanka and Assam Tea) and Assamica Sinesis (Darjeeling and Japanese Tea) are two different species of tea giving different flavour notes. Tea flavour is traditionally measured through the use of a combination of conventional analytical instrumentation and human or ganoleptic profiling panels. These methods are expensive in terms of time and labour and also inaccurate because of a lack of either sensitivity or quantitative information. In this paper an investigation has been made to determine the flavours of different tea samples using an EN and to explore the possibility of replacing existing analytical and profiling panel methods. The technique uses an array of 4 MOSs, each of, which has an electrical resistance that has partial sensitivity to the headspace of tea. The signals from the sensor array are then conditioned by suitable interface circuitry. The data were processed using Principal Components Analysis (PCA), Fuzzy C Means algorithm (FCM). We also explored the use of a Self-Organizing Map (SOM) method along with a Radial Basis Function network (RBF) and a Probabilistic Neural Network classifier. Using FCM and SOM feature extraction techniques along with RBF neural network we achieved 100% correct classification for the five different tea samples with different qualities. These results prove that our EN is capable of discriminating between the flavours of teas manufactured under different processing conditions, viz. over-fermented, over-fired, under fermented, etc. PMID:12850043

Dutta, Ritaban; Kashwan, K R; Bhuyan, M; Hines, E L; Gardner, J W

159

Do Standards Matter? How the Quality of State Standards Relate to Evolution Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses biology instruction focusing on evolution-related policies and state guidelines. Reports on teacher preferences for teaching either creationism or evolution in science classes and compares these results between states based on grade level and how they treat evolution in their educational standards. (Contains 26 references.) (YDS)

Moore, Randy

2002-01-01

160

Subjective Quality of Life in Persons with Low-Grade Glioma and Their Next of Kin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Patients with low-grade glioma have a longer survival than patients with highly malignant glioma, and for this reason questions of quality of life (QoL) are of particular importance to such patients as well as to their next of kin. No studies have been found in which both adult patients with low-grade glioma and their next of kin have estimated…

Edvardsson, Tanja I.; Ahlstrom, Gerd I.

2009-01-01

161

Legal Rights to Reasonable Rules, Fair Grades, and Quality Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author examines the legal context of student consumerism and concludes that while recent court cases have granted more extensive constitutional rights to students in public colleges, for academic grievances, including the quality of institutional services, students receive little support from legal precedent. (Editor/JT)|

Mancuso, John H.

1976-01-01

162

Quality in Learning Objects: Evaluating Compliance with Metadata Standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ensuring a certain level of quality of learning objects used in e-learning is crucial to increase the chances of success of automated systems in recommending or finding these resources. This paper aims to present a proposal for implementation of a quality model for learning objects based on ISO 9126 international standard for the evaluation of software quality. Features indicators associated with the conformance sub-characteristic are defined. Some instruments for feature evaluation are advised, which allow collecting expert opinion on evaluation items. Other quality model features are evaluated using only the information from its metadata using semantic web technologies. Finally, we propose an ontology-based application that allows automatic evaluation of a quality feature. IEEE LOM metadata standard was used in experimentation, and the results shown that most of learning objects analyzed do not complain the standard.

Vidal, C. Christian; Segura, N. Alejandra; Campos, S. Pedro; Sánchez-Alonso, Salvador

163

Application of imaging and ultrasound to the quality grading of beef  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The results of a study conducted to assist the Department of Agriculture in the task of considering innovative methods for the grading of carcass beef for human consumption is presented. The processing of photographic, television and ultrasound images of the longissimus dorsi muscle at the 12/13th rib cut was undertaken. The results showed that a correlation could be developed between the quality grade of the carcass as determined by a professional grader, and the fat to area ratio of the muscle as determined by image processing techniques. In addition, the use of ultrasound shows the potential for grading of an unsliced carcass or a live animal.

Anselmo, V. J.; Gammell, P. M.

1980-04-01

164

78 FR 30829 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Air Quality Standards Revision AGENCY...proposing to approve a revision to the Illinois State Implementation Plan (SIP) to...and particulate matter NAAQS into the Illinois SIP. EPA is also proposing to...

2013-05-23

165

78 FR 30770 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Air Quality Standards...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Illinois; Air Quality Standards Revision AGENCY...EPA is approving a revision to the Illinois state implementation plan (SIP) to...and particulate matter NAAQS into the Illinois SIP. EPA is also approving...

2013-05-23

166

DOE standard: Quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters  

SciTech Connect

This standard establishes essential elements for the quality assurance inspection and testing of HEPA filters by US Department of Energy (DOE)-accepted Filter Test Facilities (FTF). The standard specifies HEPA filter quality assurance inspection and testing practices established in DOE-STD-3022-98, DOE HEPA Filter Test Program, and provides a basis for the preparation of written operating procedures for primary FTF functions.

NONE

1999-02-01

167

Water Quality Standards Summary for the Interstate Waters of Iowa.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The summary is intended for use by those who have an interest in the water quality standards of the State of Iowa. The information contained herein has been summarized from the document entitled 'Water Quality Criteria and Plan for Implementation and Enfo...

1972-01-01

168

ASHRAE STANDARD 62: VENTILATION FOR ACCEPTABLE INDOOR AIR QUALITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper highlights some of the key features of the design procedures in ASHRAE Standard 62 (Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality) and summarizes the status of the related review process. he Standard contains design procedures and guidelines for ventilation rates in "al...

169

International financial reporting standards and experts’ perceptions of disclosure quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 2005, over 7,000 listed firms in the European Union and many more around the world are required to adopt International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The introduction of a uniform accounting regime is expected to ensure greater comparability and transparency of financial reporting around the world. However, recent research has questioned the quality of financial statements prepared under IFRS standards,

Holger Daske; Günther Gebhardt

2006-01-01

170

Survey of state water quality standards for wetlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document summarizes the degree to which State water quality standards include wetlands in their definitions of State waters. The detailed review of other elements of standards, such as uses, criteria and antidegradation, is beyond the scope of this review. The purpose of this review is to provide a baseline of information for the development of EPA guidance and policies

P. Michel; J. Maxted

1989-01-01

171

Asbestos: Rationale Behind a Proposed Air Quality Standard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article proposes an asbestos air quality standard for Connecticut lower than proposed Federal regulation. Data are given relating mesothelioma incidence to occupational and non-occupational asbestos exposure. New standards lower asbestos emissions from manufacturing operations thus reducing possible asbestos-related fatalities. Rebuttals and…

Bruckman, Leonard; Rubino, Robert A.

1975-01-01

172

What Do the California Standards Test Results Reveal about the Movement toward Eighth-Grade Algebra for All?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In California, an increasing number of 8th graders have taken algebra courses since 2003. This study examines students' California Standards Test (CST) results in grades 7 through 11, aiming to reveal who took the CST for Algebra I in 8th grade and whether the increase has led to a rise in students' taking higher-level mathematics CSTs and an…

Liang, Jian-Hua; Heckman, Paul E.; Abedi, Jamal

2012-01-01

173

Quantifying Clinical Data Quality Using Relative Gold Standards  

PubMed Central

As the use of detailed clinical data expands for strategic planning, clinical quality measures, and research, the quality of the data contained in source systems, such as electronic medical records, becomes more critical. Methods to quantify and monitor clinical data quality in large operational databases involve a set of predefined data quality queries that attempt to detect data anomalies such as missing or unrealistic values based on meta-knowledge about a data domain. However, descriptive data elements, such as patient race, cannot be assessed using these methods. We present a novel approach leveraging existing intra-institutional databases with differing data quality for the same data element to quantify data quality for descriptive data. Using the concept of a relative gold standard, we show how this method can be used to assess data quality in enterprise clinical databases.

Kahn, Michael G.; Eliason, Brian B.; Bathurst, Janet

2010-01-01

174

Exemplary Science in Grades 5-8: Standards-Based Success Stories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do the Standards really matter in middle school? Nine years after the National Science Education Standards' release, just how well do science teachers in grades 5 to 8 actually use them to plan content, define improved teaching, and assess real learning? Find out the answers to these key questions in this groundbreaking collection of 15 essays by teachers, researchers, and professors whose specialty is middle school. Nine years after the release of the Standards, these educators describe what they're doing to achieve the visions for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content. All the visions correspond to the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude each section of the Standards, characterizing what most teachers and programs should do less of as well as describing the changes needed if real reform is to occur. Among this collection's wide-ranging essay topics: "Teaching Science With Student Thinking in Mind," "The Relationship Between a Professional Development Model and Student Achievement," "Creating a Classroom Culture of Scientific Practices," "Traveling the Inquiry Continuum: Learning Through Teacher Action Research," "What Do We Get to Do Today? The Middle School Full Option Science System Program," and "Teach Them to Fish." This volume is the third in NSTA Press's Exemplary Science monograph series, which provides the results of an unprecedented national search to assess how well the Standards' vision has been realized.

2006-01-01

175

Exemplary Science in Grades 5-8: Standards-Based Success Stories (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Do the Standards really matter in middle school? Nine years after the National Science Education Standards' release, just how well do science teachers in grades 5 to 8 actually use them to plan content, define improved teaching, and assess real learning? Find out the answers to these key questions in this groundbreaking collection of 15 essays by teachers, researchers, and professors whose specialty is middle school. Nine years after the release of the Standards, these educators describe what they're doing to achieve the visions for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content. All the visions correspond to the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude each section of the Standards, characterizing what most teachers and programs should do less of as well as describing the changes needed if real reform is to occur. Among this collection's wide-ranging essay topics: "Teaching Science With Student Thinking in Mind," "The Relationship Between a Professional Development Model and Student Achievement," "Creating a Classroom Culture of Scientific Practices," "Traveling the Inquiry Continuum: Learning Through Teacher Action Research," "What Do We Get to Do Today? The Middle School Full Option Science System Program," and "Teach Them to Fish." This volume is the third in NSTA Press's Exemplary Science monograph series, which provides the results of an unprecedented national search to assess how well the Standards' vision has been realized.

2009-05-18

176

Status of EPA's air quality standards for carbon monoxide  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish, and periodically review and revise national air quality standards. EPA established standards for carbon monoxide in 1971 and in August 1980 proposed updated revisions to those standards. Seven of the eight key studies EPA used to support the revisions were authored by a cardiologist employed by the Veterans Administration. In March 1983 EPA was about to issue its revised standards when it learned that the cardiologist had been under investigation by the Food and Drug Administration and the Veterans Administration since 1979 for, among other things, alleged falsification of research. As a result, EPA delayed issuing the standards, conducted an audit of the research data, and concluded that it could not rely on the cardiologist's research. Even without this research, EPA believes that there is a sufficient scientific basis to support revised standards but has not yet decided what those standards will be.

Not Available

1984-09-27

177

The relationship between function, quality of life and coping in patients with low-grade gliomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  The principal aim of the study was to describe function, quality of life and coping with illness-related problems in patients with low-grade gliomas (LGG), to evaluate the need of support. A second aim was to investigate how function, quality of life and coping were related.Materials and methods  Thirty-nine patients with a diagnosis of LGG answered the European Organization for Research and

Margareta Gustafsson; Tanja Edvardsson; Gerd Ahlström

2006-01-01

178

The SQUIRE (Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence) guidelines for quality improvement reporting: explanation and elaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the science of quality improvement in health care advances, the importance of sharing its accomplishments through the published literature increases. Current reporting of improvement work in health care varies widely in both content and quality. It is against this backdrop that a group of stakeholders from a variety of disciplines has created the Standards for QUality Improvement Reporting Excellence,

G Ogrinc; S E Mooney; C Estrada; T Foster; D Goldmann; L W Hall; M M Huizinga; S K Liu; P Mills; J Neily; W Nelson; P J Pronovost; L Provost; L V Rubenstein; T Speroff; M Splaine; R Thomson; A M Tomolo; B Watts

2008-01-01

179

Comparison of market hog characteristics of pigs selected by feeder pig frame size or current USDA feeder pig grade standards.  

PubMed

Two feeder pig grading systems were tested. Forty-five barrows were selected using current USDA Feeder Pig Grade Standards (U.S. No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3). Additionally, 45 barrows were selected using three frame sizes (large, medium and small). Pigs were slaughtered at 100, 113.5 of 127 kg live weight. Trimmed four lean cuts were separated into soft tissue, skin and bone. The skinless belly and soft tissue from the four lean cuts were ground separately and analyzed chemically. Data from each grading system were analyzed separately in a 3 X 3 factorial plan. Pigs selected using current USDA grade standards differed (P less than .05) for last rib backfat, 10th rib fat depth, longissimus muscle area, percentage of trimmed four lean cuts and USDA carcass grade. In the frame size system, pigs with large frame size had less last rib backfat, less 10th rib fat depth, longer carcasses, higher percentage of four lean cuts and superior USDA carcass grades than pigs with small frame size did (P less than .05). The Bradley and Schumann test of sensitivity showed that selection by frame size was more sensitive than current USDA grade standards for discriminating feeder pig foreleg length, body depth and ham width. In addition, selection by frame size was more sensitive than current USDA grade standards for discriminating carcass length and carcass radius length. No increase in sensitivity (P greater than .10) was noted for carcass composition or growth traits over the current USDA Feeder Pig Grade Standards. PMID:2401643

Siemens, A L; Lipsey, R J; Hedrick, H B; Williams, F L; Yokley, S W; Siemens, M G

1990-08-01

180

38 CFR 17.155 - Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. 17.155 Section 17...standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. (a) The Under Secretary...minimum standards of safety and quality for adaptive equipment provided under 38...

2010-07-01

181

38 CFR 17.155 - Minimum standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. 17.155 Section 17...standards of safety and quality for automotive adaptive equipment. (a) The Under Secretary...minimum standards of safety and quality for adaptive equipment provided under 38...

2009-07-01

182

40 CFR 50.17 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.17 National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur...

2013-07-01

183

40 CFR 50.4 - National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur dioxide...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.4 National primary ambient air quality standards for sulfur oxides (sulfur...

2013-07-01

184

40 CFR 50.16 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.16 Section...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.16 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a) The...

2013-07-01

185

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.21 EPA...

2010-07-01

186

40 CFR 131.22 - EPA promulgation of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false EPA promulgation of water quality standards. 131.22 Section...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.22 EPA...

2013-07-01

187

77 FR 25721 - Small Entity Compliance Guide: Bottled Water: Quality Standard: Establishing an Allowable Level...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Entity Compliance Guide: Bottled Water: Quality Standard: Establishing an Allowable...industry entitled ``Bottled Water: Quality Standard: Establishing an Allowable...rule that amended its bottled water standard of quality regulations by...

2012-05-01

188

78 FR 58500 - Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications Proposed Rule; Public Meeting and Public Webinars  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OW-2010-0606; FRL-9901-25-OW] Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications...held for the proposed rule ``Water Quality Standards Regulatory Clarifications...proposing changes to the federal water quality standards (WQS) regulation...

2013-09-24

189

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.21 EPA...

2013-07-01

190

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions...for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program....

2013-07-01

191

40 CFR 50.12 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. 50.12...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.12 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for lead. (a)...

2013-07-01

192

40 CFR 50.15 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.15 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) is...

2013-07-01

193

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.20 State...

2010-07-01

194

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.20 State...

2009-07-01

195

40 CFR 131.21 - EPA review and approval of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...EPA review and approval of water quality standards. 131.21 Section 131...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.21 EPA...

2009-07-01

196

40 CFR 131.22 - EPA promulgation of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false EPA promulgation of water quality standards. 131.22 Section 131...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.22 EPA...

2009-07-01

197

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8 Section...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions ...Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. (a)...

2009-07-01

198

40 CFR 131.22 - EPA promulgation of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false EPA promulgation of water quality standards. 131.22 Section 131...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and Revision of Water Quality Standards § 131.22 EPA...

2010-07-01

199

40 CFR 131.8 - Requirements for Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. 131.8 Section...CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS General Provisions ...Indian Tribes to administer a water quality standards program. (a)...

2010-07-01

200

40 CFR 50.8 - National primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. 50.8 Section 50...primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide. (a) The national primary ambient air quality standards for carbon monoxide are: (1) 9 parts...

2013-07-01

201

Increasing participation and improving the quality of discussions in seventh-grade social studies classes  

PubMed Central

An experiment was conducted to evaluate procedures to improve classroom discussions in seventh-grade social studies classes. An increased number of students participated in discussions when rules were stated for discussions, students were praised for their contributions, the teacher restated or paraphrased students' contributions aloud or on the blackboard, the teacher planned an outline of discussion questions, student contributions to discussions were recorded and were used to determine part of the students' grades for the class, and discussion grades were publicly posted. The second part of the study focused on procedures designed to improve quality of classroom discussions. Students were taught to participate in discussions by providing reasons for their statements, comparisons between different points, or examples supporting their statements. As each type of contribution was taught, recorded, and counted toward part of the students' classroom grades, each type of contribution increased. Ratings of discussions by outside judges consisting of junior high school teachers, junior high school students, and persons experienced in conducting discussions, indicated that the training increased the overall quality of the discussions. Use of the quality training procedures, however, resulted in decreased levels of overall participation in discussion, a decrease that was reversed by the use of a group contingency for participation. Finally, the discussions after training seemed to be preferred by both the teacher and the students.

Smith, Burleigh M.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Schaeffer, Janae; Sherman, James A.

1982-01-01

202

Diagnostic imaging--evaluating image quality using visual grading characteristic (VGC) analysis.  

PubMed

Radiologists are regularly faced with the task of comparing image quality obtained using different imaging systems or settings. Visual grading techniques can be used to evaluate the quality of images by grading the clarity of reproduction of anatomical or pathological structures. The methods, which include "visual grading analysis (VGA)" and the "image criteria (IC) study", are characterised by their attractive simplicity and reliability. Non-parametric rank-invariant statistical methods are suitable techniques for statistical analysis of VGA-data. Båth and Månsson (2007) introduced such a method and termed it "visual grading characteristics (VGC) analysis". This paper gives an overview of the principle together with an example of its use in veterinary radiology. The aim of this review article is to encourage veterinary researchers to apply this method which has proven valuable in the human field. Basically, the method can also be applied for the analysis of other categories of images (e.g. histological sections, cytological smears) in cases where the task is to evaluate features subjectively on the basis of a score, allowing some degree of freedom of decision. Furthermore, the aim of the investigation is not necessarily restricted to quality aspects. Other questions such as the effects of treatment options on the appearance of certain structures can be compared as well. PMID:20461455

Ludewig, Eberhard; Richter, Andreas; Frame, Mairi

2010-05-12

203

DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR AIR QUALITY MONITORING AND CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents a description of the activities and accomplishments of the American Society for Testing and Materials' U. S. Technical Advisory Group (TAG) to the International Standards Organization's Technical Committee 146 on Air Quality. The purpose of the TAG is to re...

204

Development of coastal recreational water quality standards in the mediterranean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concern about adverse health effects arising out of human exposure to polluted seawater through bathing and other forms of aquatic recreation has led to the development of various quality criteria and standards worldwide. Attempts at quantifying health hazards from polluted recreational waters have been made in several Mediterranean countries through the conduction of epidemiological studies aimed at establishing direct correlation

George Kamizoulis; Louis Saliba

2004-01-01

205

Viewpoint Developing water quality standards for coastal dolphins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EU Habitats Directive requires Member States to consider the potential impact of sewage discharges on protected wildlife pop- ulations, but efforts to reduce these threats are constrained by the lack of appropriate water quality guidelines for wildlife. In Scotland, recommendations for higher discharge standards in areas frequented by bottlenose dolphins have been criticised on the basis of scientific uncertainty.

Paul M. Thompson

206

Methods in applied social research: special characteristics and quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that core methodological concepts of fundamental research like validity and reliability are transformed in special quality standards in applied social research. They retain much of their traditional strivings but have to realize them in quite other contexts and with quite different purposes. The conditions of their realisation do not have to become worse in the frequently unstructured

Jan Dijk

1986-01-01

207

Bathing waters: New directive, new standards, new quality approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bathing water quality is an important public health issue, mainly because of fecal contamination. In 2006, the European Commission (EC) adopted a new directive with respect to recreational bathing waters that calls for stricter standards and reduces the number of laboratory tests done in routine beach monitoring from nineteen to two bacterial indicators, namely, Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci, replacing

Catarina R. Mansilha; Carla A. Coelho; Ana M. Heitor; João Amado; Joaquim P. Martins; Paula Gameiro

2009-01-01

208

Russian Higher Education and European Standards of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the relevance and implementation of European approaches to quality assurance in the context of the Russian educational system. It covers the issues of transformation of the higher education system during the post-Soviet period, specific features of the state accreditation system, the impact of the European Standards and…

Motova, Galina; Pykko, Ritta

2012-01-01

209

Clean Water Act, Water Quality Criteria\\/Standards, TMDLs, and Weight-of-Evidence Approach for Regulating Water Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clean Water Act (PL 92-500, the 1972 Amendments to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act) established a water quality standards-based approach for regulating water quality. The US EPA was to develop national water quality criteria to be used as a basis for state water quality standards. Those standards are the legally enforceable limits that are to be used to

G. Fred Lee; Anne Jones-Lee

210

Developing sediments quality standards: comprehensive sediment management in puget sound  

SciTech Connect

High concentrations of potentially harmful toxic chemicals have been identified in the sediments of a number of urban-industrial bays in Puget Sound. In these areas, field studies have documented an increased frequency of fish disease, sediment toxicity, altered benthic communities, and significant bioaccumulation of harmful chemicals in the edible tissue of fish and shellfish. In response to this information, and a growing public concern about the health of the estuary, the Washington State Department of Ecology has established a comprehensive strategy for sediment management in Puget Sound. As a component of this strategy, the agency is now in the process of developing a suite of sediment management standards for use in a variety of regulatory programs. General sediment quality standards are now available in draft form. Once finalized and officially adopted, the standards will be used to identify and designate sediments that have adverse effects on biological resources or pose a health risk to humans. It is anticipated that the general sediment quality standards will also be used as a basis for limiting industrial and municipal discharges, thereby preventing future sediment contamination. Separate, but related, sediment management standards are also being developed for use in establishing cleanup goals for sediment remediation and in making environmentally safe decisions concerning the disposal of contaminated dredged material. The Department of Ecology will be using the apparent effects threshold approach, supplemented by the equilibrium partitioning approach, as the technical basis for the derivation of the sediment standards.

Kruegar, C.C.

1992-03-01

211

Nutrient database improvement project: the influence of U.S.D.A. Quality and Yield Grade on the separable components and proximate composition of raw and cooked retail cuts from the beef rib and plate.  

PubMed

Beef nutrition is important to the worldwide beef industry. The objective of this study was to analyze proximate composition of eight beef rib and plate cuts to update the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR). Furthermore, this study aimed to determine the influence of USDA Quality Grade on the separable components and proximate composition of the examined retail cuts. Carcasses (n=72) representing a composite of Yield Grade, Quality Grade, gender and genetic type were identified from six regions across the U.S. Beef plates and ribs (IMPS #109 and 121C and D) were collected from the selected carcasses and shipped to three university meat laboratories for storage, retail fabrication, cooking, and dissection and analysis of proximate composition. These data provide updated information regarding the nutrient content of beef and emphasize the influence of common classification systems (Yield Grade and Quality Grade) on the separable components, cooking yield, and proximate composition of retail beef cuts. PMID:23793084

Martin, J N; Brooks, J C; Thompson, L D; Savell, J W; Harris, K B; May, L L; Haneklaus, A N; Schutz, J L; Belk, K E; Engle, T; Woerner, D R; Legako, J F; Luna, A M; Douglass, L W; Douglass, S E; Howe, J; Duvall, M; Patterson, K Y; Leheska, J L

2013-05-24

212

Health-related quality of life aspects in patients with low-grade glioma  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Standard therapeutic options for brain tumors include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. Unfortunately, these same therapies\\u000a pose risks of neurotoxicity, the most common long-term complications being radiation necrosis, chemotherapy-associated leukoencephalopathy,\\u000a and cognitive deficits. Currently, there is no consensus on the treatment strategy for these tumors. Because of the relatively\\u000a slow growth rate of low-grade gliomas, patients have a relatively long expected

M. Klein

213

New air quality: Standards are tighter but compliance is distant  

SciTech Connect

The nation`s latest air quality standards will tighten pollution emissions rules. But they also contain careful compromises, postponing compliance. And the margin of health safety to be ensured remains as hazy as ever, thanks to a flaw in the Clean Air Act that remains uncorrected. This article covers the following topics in discussion; new standards; long lead time on PM 2.5; Ozone Transport Assessment Group (OTAG) option on Ozone; type of control: command and control or flexibility to work out their own ways of meeting goals; problems of mandated risks and health effects.

Anderson, J.W.

1997-12-31

214

30 CFR 816.42 - Hydrologic balance: Water quality standards and effluent limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Hydrologic balance: Water quality standards and effluent limitations...816.42 Hydrologic balance: Water quality standards and effluent limitations...all applicable State and Federal water quality laws and regulations and...

2013-07-01

215

30 CFR 817.42 - Hydrologic balance: Water quality standards and effluent limitations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Hydrologic balance: Water quality standards and effluent limitations...817.42 Hydrologic balance: Water quality standards and effluent limitations...all applicable State and Federal water quality laws and regulations and...

2013-07-01

216

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. 440.260 Section 440...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. The plan must include...standards used to assure that services are of high...

2009-10-01

217

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. 440.260 Section 440...Methods and standards to assure quality of services. The plan must include...standards used to assure that services are of high...

2010-10-01

218

Prediction of beef eating quality in France using the Meat Standards Australia system.  

PubMed

An experiment was set up for (i) comparing Australian and French consumer preferences to beef and to (ii) quantify how well the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) grading model could predict the eating quality of beef in France. Six muscles from 18 Australian and 18 French cattle were tested as paired samples. In France, steaks were grilled 'medium' or 'rare', whereas in Australia 'medium' cooking was used. In total, 360 French consumers took part in the 'medium' cooking test, with each eating half Australian beef and half French beef and 180 French consumers tested the 'rare' beef. Consumers scored steaks for tenderness (tn), juiciness (ju), flavour liking (fl) and overall liking (ov). They also assigned a quality rating to each sample: 'unsatisfactory', 'satisfactory everyday quality' (3*), 'better than everyday quality' (4*) or 'premium quality' (5*). The prediction of the final ratings (3*, 4*, 5*) by the French consumers using the MSA-weighted eating quality score (0.3 tn + 0.1 ju + 0.3 fl + 0.3 ov) was over 70%, which is at least similar to the Australian experience. The boundaries between 'unsatisfactory', 3*, 4* and 5* were found to be ca. 38, 61 and 80, respectively. The differences between extreme classes are therefore slightly more important in France than in Australia. On average, even though it does not have predictive equations for bull meat, the mean predicted scores calculated by the MSA model deviated from observed values by a maximum of 5 points on a 0 to 100 scale except for the Australian oyster blade and the French topside, rump and outside (deviating by <15). Overall, the data indicate that it would be possible to manage a grading system in France as there is high agreement and consistency across consumers. The 'rare' and 'medium' results are also very similar, indicating that a common set of weightings and cut-offs can be employed. PMID:23031268

Legrand, I; Hocquette, J-F; Polkinghorne, R J; Pethick, D W

2012-08-10

219

MQSA (Mammography Quality Standards Act) update--focusing on quality assurance.  

PubMed

To have uniform national standards, Congress passed the Mammography Quality Standards Act (MQSA) in 1992. Screening and diagnostic facilities must now meet minimum quality standards for personnel, equipment and recordkeeping, and be certified by the FDA, the federal agency designated to implement MQSA. The FDA is responsible for developing final standards, approving accrediting bodies, certifying all mammography facilities in the U.S., evaluating the effectiveness of the program, and implementing sanctions for noncompliant facilities. Congress recognized the urgent need for national mammography standards, but realized that 10,000 mammography facilities could not be certified to meet the regulations before October 1, 1994. President Clinton signed legislation granting the FDA Interim Rule authority and allowing the FDA to adopt existing standards from the ACR, HCFA and state regulations. The Final Rules have significant changes in the Quality Assurance (QA) Sections (900.12 d and e) and indicate where staff must now conduct, document and evaluate the results of QA tests, taking responsibility for establishing and maintaining a QA program that ensures safety, reliability, clarity and accuracy of the mammography services they perform. The Rules also specify the roles of interpreting physicians, medical physicists and quality control technologists. Data indicates that such regulation has improved mammography in the U.S. By January 1997, the Government Accounting Office reported that 1,500 facilities had undergone two rounds of MQSA inspections. During the first year of MQSA, 26 percent had significant violations, while only 10 percent did on the second round. PMID:10181471

Butler, P F

220

First-Grade Basic Facts: An Investigation into Teaching and Learning of an Accelerated, High-Demand Memorization Standard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California is one of 4 states that have accelerated addition and subtraction basic-facts memorization. This article reports on teacher practices, first-grade achievement of the standard, and a broader conception of basic-facts competence. Even among students from the highest performing schools, fewer than 11% made progress toward the memorization…

Henry, Valerie J.; Brown, Richard S.

2008-01-01

221

The Impact of Fast ForWord[R] on Sixth Grade Students' Use of Standard Edited American English  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of Fast ForWord[R] products, specifically Fast ForWord[R] Literacy (FFL) and Fast ForWord[R] Reading Level 2 (FFR2), on sixth grade students' use of Standard Edited American English (SEAE). Fast ForWord[R] is a computer-based program that focuses on phonological awareness and makes use of modeled…

Rogowsky, Beth A.

2010-01-01

222

Grading School Choice: Evaluating School Choice Programs by the Friedman Gold Standard. School Choice Issues in Depth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2004, The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice published a report titled "Grading Vouchers: Ranking America's School Choice Programs." Its purpose was to measure every existing school choice program against the gold standard set by Milton and Rose Friedman: that the most effective way to improve K-12 education and thus ensure a stable…

Enlow, Robert C.

2008-01-01

223

Standards-Based Assessment, Grading, and Reporting in Classrooms: Can District Training and Support Change Teacher Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether school district support and training in standards-based assessment, grading, and reporting in classrooms can change teacher practice in these areas was studied in a Florida school district. This district, Bay District Schools of Panama City, has been working with the SERVE Regional Educational Laboratory on a project that involves…

McMunn, Nancy; Schenck, Patricia; McColskey, Wendy

224

Recruitment of doctors to non-standard grades in the NHS: analysis of job advertisements and survey of advertisers  

PubMed Central

Objectives To estimate the proportion of advertised non-consultant hospital posts that do not conform to nationally recognised terms and conditions of service and to investigate why these posts exist, who fills them, and what the doctors in such jobs do. Design Analysis of job advertisements and a cross sectional survey of advertisers. Setting Job advertisements in one of the leading UK publications listing hospital doctor vacancies (BMJ Careers). Results Nearly a quarter of non-consultant posts advertised in the two study periods (23% and 21%) were for non-standard grade posts. A questionnaire was sent to the medical staffing officer for each post. Of 430 questionnaires sent out 192 (45%) were returned. 98 trusts said they advertised non-standard grades because there was no more funding from the deanery for approved posts and 75 because service needs could not be met by doctors in training grades. In 132 posts (69%) the post holder would be required to do on-call work, and 50 advertisers (26%) required on-call duty for 1 in 5 or more frequently, which would conflict with the European Working Time Directive. 131 advertisers (68%) expected the posts to be filled by doctors from outside the European Economic Area. Conclusions Non-standard grade posts are mostly being created to meet service requirements when there is no more funding for standard training posts and are expected to be filled by doctors from overseas. Doctors in such posts can be more easily exploited and their careers hindered. The Department of Health's annual census should include non-standard grade doctors.

Dosani, Sabina; Schroter, Sara; MacDonald, Rhona; Connor, Jackie

2003-01-01

225

United States Standards for Grades of Grease Mohair (Effective Date January 8, 1973).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The official grades for mohair top and the specifications for each shall be those set forth in table 1. However, mohair top which qualifies for a grade on the basis of its average fiber diameter but does not meet the fiber diameter dispersion requirement ...

1973-01-01

226

Coordinating standards and applications for optical water quality sensor networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Joint USGS-CUAHSI Workshop: In Situ Optical Water Quality Sensor Networks; Shepherdstown, West Virginia, 8-10 June 2011 ; Advanced in situ optical water quality sensors and new techniques for data analysis hold enormous promise for advancing scientific understanding of aquatic systems through measurements of important biogeochemical parameters at the time scales over which they vary. High-frequency and real-time water quality data also provide the opportunity for early warning of water quality deterioration, trend detection, and science-based decision support. However, developing networks of optical sensors in freshwater systems that report reliable and comparable data across and between sites remains a challenge to the research and monitoring community. To address this, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI), convened a 3-day workshop to explore ways to coordinate development of standards and applications for optical sensors, as well as handling, storage, and analysis of the continuous data they produce.

Bergamaschi, Brian; Pellerin, Brian

2011-07-01

227

Soy isoflavone analysis: quality control and a new internal standard.  

PubMed

Development of a database of the soy isoflavone content of foods requires accurate and precise evaluation of different food matrixes. To evaluate accuracy, we estimated recoveries of both internal and external standards in 5 different soyfoods weekly. Standards were evaluated daily for system quality assurance. To evaluate sample precision, we analyzed soybeans and soymilk bimonthly for within-day precision and over 4 d for day-to-day precision. CVs should be < or = 8%. We validated our methods for single and multiple recovery concentrations by using our new internal standard, 2,4,4'-trihydroxydeoxybenzoin, and the external standards daidzein, genistein, and genistin. Concentrations of 12 isoflavone isomers, 3 aglycones (daidzein, genistein, and glycitein), and 9 glucosides (daidzin, genistin, glycitin, acetyldaidzin, acetylgenistin, acetylglycitin, malonyldaidzin, malonylgenistin, and malonylglycitin) were measured in a variety of soybeans and soyfoods. The extraction methods used depended on soyfood type. The HPLC conditions for soy isoflavone analysis were improved, leading to good separation with a short analysis time (60 min/sample). A data bank of concentration and distribution of isoflavones in different soybean products was assembled. A wide range of isoflavone concentrations, from < 50 microg/g to > 20,000 microg/g, was found in different soy products. The glucoside forms are almost twice the molecular weight of the aglycones; reported isoflavone concentrations should be normalized to the aglycone mass (or an isoflavonoid equivalent) rather than a simple sum of all isomers. PMID:9848519

Song, T; Barua, K; Buseman, G; Murphy, P A

1998-12-01

228

"Who Says What Is Quality?": Setting Quality Standards for Family Child Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article tells the story of the 4-year consensus-building process to design quality standards for the field of family child care. Working with the National Association for Family Child Care, the Family Child Care Project at Wheelock College was funded to create an accreditation system for home-based child care programs using innovative methods…

Modigliani, Kathy

2011-01-01

229

40 CFR 125.61 - Existence of and compliance with applicable water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for which a section 301(h) modified permit is requested, including: (1) Water quality standards for biochemical oxygen demand or dissolved oxygen; (2) Water quality standards for suspended solids, turbidity, light transmission,...

2009-07-01

230

40 CFR 125.61 - Existence of and compliance with applicable water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for which a section 301(h) modified permit is requested, including: (1) Water quality standards for biochemical oxygen demand or dissolved oxygen; (2) Water quality standards for suspended solids, turbidity, light transmission,...

2010-07-01

231

40 CFR 131.20 - State review and revision of water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false State review and revision of water quality standards. 131.20 Section 131.20...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY STANDARDS Procedures for Review and...

2013-07-01

232

Tissue-based environmental quality benchmarks and standards.  

PubMed

Although the use of tissue concentrations (residues) of chemical contaminants as the dose metric to characterize chemical toxicity to aquatic organisms has been gaining acceptance over the past 20 years, tissue concentrations are less commonly used in water quality management and have yet to be formally adopted as benchmarks or environmental quality standards (EQS). This synthesis paper addresses advantages and disadvantages for the development and application of tissue-based EQS as an alternative and supplement to exposure-based EQS determined with water and sediment concentration data. Tissue-based EQS can be readily developed in parallel with conventional toxicity tests, and achieved by quantification of chemical concentrations in tissue alongside traditional concentration-response toxicity testing. Tissue-residue toxicity metrics can be used as benchmarks for screening and monitoring water and sediment quality, to derive equivalent water or sediment EQS, and for ecological risk assessments and weight of evidence approaches for assessing ecosystem impairment. Tissue-based toxicity metrics and associated EQS provide several advantages; however, there are some limitations to consider and key knowledge gaps to fill. PMID:23608985

Meador, James P; Warne, Michael St J; Chapman, Peter M; Chan, King Ming; Yu, Shen; Leung, Kenneth M Y

2013-04-23

233

A Study of a Standardized Assessment of Noise Concepts of Middle and High-Grade Elementary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compile 2 noise concept standardized assessment tables for middle- and high-grade elementary school students to serve as bases of learning diagnosis, accomplishment evaluation, and teaching. First, the important concepts of noise were extracted from an analysis of domestic and overseas literature and curricula. Second, an expert concept map was used to compile semi-open-ended

MIN-RAY LIN; CHING-CHIEH LIN; DAR-YUH CHIOU

234

40 CFR 121.25 - Adoption of new water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Adoption of new water quality standards. 121.25 Section... § 121.25 Adoption of new water quality standards. (a) In any case...due to the absence of applicable water quality standards; and (2)...

2013-07-01

235

Mutual Recognition of National Minimum Quality Standards may Support International Convergence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a model of vertical product differentiation, duopolistic firms face quality-dependent costs and compete in quality and price in two segmented markets. Minimum quality standards, set according to the principle of Mutual Recognition, can be used to increase welfare. The results of the one-shot game suggest that standards achieve initial convergence in terms of qualities produced and national welfares. Therefore,

Stefan Lutz; Mina Baliamoune-Lutz

2003-01-01

236

The influence of variety and data of planting on the relative cooking quality of potatoes graded according to specific gravity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 1. \\u000a \\u000a Tests were conducted to obtain the relative cooking qualities of (a) tubers of one variety graded into three specific gravity\\u000a classes, (b) tubers of one variety but from three plantings graded into one specific gravity class, and (c) tubers of three\\u000a varieties graded into one specific gravity class.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a 2. \\u000a \\u000a Limited consumer cooking tests were conducted with tubers from

R. E. Nylund; A. J. Poivan

1953-01-01

237

Meat quality parameters of descendants by grading hybridization of Boer goat and Guanzhong Dairy goat.  

PubMed

Chemical composition, cholesterol levels, fatty acid profile, meat taste, and quality parameters were evaluated in 48 buck kids from goats of the Guanzhong Dairy breed (Group G) and their crosses (Group F1: 1/2 Boermale symbolx1/2 Guanzhong Dairyfemale symbol; Group F2: 3/4 Boermale symbolx1/4 Guanzhong Dairyfemale symbol; Group F3: 7/8 Boermale symbolx1/8 Guanzhong Dairyfemale symbol) at different ages of slaughter (6, 8 and 10 months). Results indicated that grading hybridization (P<0.05) affected meat nutritive value. The muscle of hybrid goats had lower crude fat and cholesterol, higher crude protein, and greater proportion of C18:2 and C18:3 than that of Group G at each age. Group F1 goats had better (P<0.05) desirable fatty acid (DFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) to saturated fatty acid (SFA) ratios and greater (C18:0+C18:1/C16:0) ratios (P<0.01) than those of the other genotypes. Furthermore, the muscles of hybrid goats were tenderer and juicier compared to Group G. In all four groups, cholesterol levels increased (P<0.01), muscle color became redder (P<0.05) and tenderness decreased (P<0.05) with increasing age. The low level of lipids and cholesterol, good meat quality, and the higher ratio of unsaturated to SFA in Group F1 indicate better quality for human consumption. PMID:20374792

Ding, W; Kou, L; Cao, B; Wei, Y

2009-05-04

238

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

239

Fourth-Grade Elementary Students' Conceptions of Standards-Based Lunar Concepts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fourth-grade students' knowledge of observable moon phases and patterns of change, as well as conceptual understanding of the cause of moon phases, was investigated before and after special instruction. Pretest and post-test data for 48 students were used to address the research question related to observable moon phases and patterns of change.…

Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Atwood, Ronald K.; Christopher, John E.

2007-01-01

240

Hands-On Science Mysteries for Grades 3-6: Standards-Based Inquiry Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In "Hands-On Science Mysteries for Grades 3-6," the authors connect science to real-world situations by investigating actual mysteries and phenomena, such as the strange heads on Easter Island, the ghost ship "Mary Celeste," and the "Dancing Stones" of Death Valley. The labs are designed to encourage the development of science inquiry, in which…

Taris, James Robert; Taris, Louis James

2006-01-01

241

High-quality germanium photodiodes integrated on silicon substrates using optimized relaxed graded buffers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The integration of Ge photodetectors on silicon substrates is advantageous for various Si-based optoelectronics applications. We have fabricated integrated Ge photodiodes on a graded optimized relaxed SiGe buffer on Si. The dark current in the Ge mesa diodes, Js=0.15 mA/cm2, is close to the theoretical reverse saturation current and is a record low for Ge diodes integrated on Si substrates. Capacitance measurements indicate that the detectors are capable of operating at high frequencies (2.35 GHz). The photodiodes exhibit an external quantum efficiency of ?=12.6% at ?=1.3 ?m laser excitation in the photodiodes. The improvement in Ge materials quality and photodiode performance is derived from an optimized relaxed buffer process that includes a chemical mechanical polishing step within the dislocated epitaxial structure.

Samavedam, S. B.; Currie, M. T.; Langdo, T. A.; Fitzgerald, E. A.

1998-10-01

242

Math Process Standards Series, Grades PreK-2 [with CD-ROMs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)'s Process Standards support teaching that helps children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every primary teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require…

O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

2007-01-01

243

7 CFR 810.304 - Grades and grade requirements for canola.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for canola. 810.304 Section 810.304 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Grades and Grade Requirements...304 Grades and grade requirements for canola. Grading factors Grades,...

2013-01-01

244

7 CFR 810.304 - Grades and grade requirements for canola.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for canola. 810.304 Section 810.304 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Grades and Grade Requirements...304 Grades and grade requirements for canola. Grading factors Grades,...

2009-01-01

245

7 CFR 810.304 - Grades and grade requirements for canola.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for canola. 810.304 Section 810.304 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Grades and Grade Requirements...304 Grades and grade requirements for canola. Grading factors Grades,...

2010-01-01

246

Quality of data standards: framework and illustration using XBRL taxonomy and instances  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of data standards is to improve the interoperability of data in an increasingly networked environment.\\u000a Given the high cost of developing data standards, it is desirable to assess their quality. We develop a set of metrics and\\u000a a framework for assessing data standard quality. The metrics include completeness, relevancy, and a combined measure. Standard\\u000a quality can also

Hongwei Zhu; Harris Wu

2011-01-01

247

40 CFR 50.11 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen (with...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS § 50.11 National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for oxides of...

2013-07-01

248

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. P...Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1....

2013-07-01

249

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2010-07-01

250

40 CFR 50.10 - National 8-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.10 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level of...primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2013-07-01

251

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2013-07-01

252

40 CFR 50.9 - National 1-hour primary and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. 50.9 Section...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. (a) The level...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone measured by a...

2009-07-01

253

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2009-07-01

254

40 CFR Appendix P to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone P Appendix P to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General ...and secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone (O3 ) specified...

2010-07-01

255

Establishing a Demerit Count Reference Standard for the Classification and Grading of Leather Hides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leather hide, as a natural material, may have many types of undesirable surface defects. No analytical method has been devised\\u000a for classifying and grading wet blue hide surface defects. A high return rate and disputes between the customer and manufacturing\\u000a company usually cause additional costs. This paper proposes a semi-automatic machine vision method to measure the unusable\\u000a surface defect areas

C. Yeh; D.-B. Perng

2001-01-01

256

History-Social Science Grades 9-12 Standards Map Templates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides instructions to local education agencies about how to use California instructional materials standards maps. California Assembly Bill 699/Canciamilla Chapter 591 of the state Statutes of 2001 requires publishers to submit standards maps to local education agencies (LEAs), so school districts can determine the extent to which…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

257

Cross-State Variation in Economics Content Standards in the Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Goals 2000 Educate America Act of 1994 included economics among the nine core subject areas that were targeted for the development of content standards. A new set of voluntary national content standards in economics, published in 1997, helped to guide administrators, teachers, and policy makers as they considered various educational…

Rodgers, Yana V.; Hawthorne, Shelby; Wheeler, Ronald C.

2008-01-01

258

Taking Center Stage: A Commitment to Standards-Based Education for California's Middle Grades Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook provides guidance for California educators to help them implement a standards-based education for young adolescents. The book contains helpful information for school personnel about what they need to know and do to make standards-based education a success. It examines such issues as school culture, classroom organization,…

Fenwick, James; Worrall, Rozlynn; Levin, Diane

259

Teachers' Use of New Standards, Frameworks, and Assessments: Local Cases of NYS Elementary Grade Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates how primary teachers in four upstate New York districts used the state standards in a summer cross-district curriculum development institute. Interprets teachers' perceptions of the standards and describes the teachers' curriculum projects in light of the four district contexts in which the teachers worked. Illustrates the influence…

Ward, Naomi; Goatley, Virginia; Machado, Vanessa

2002-01-01

260

Cross-State Variation in Economics Content Standards in the Primary Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Goals 2000 Educate America Act of 1994 included economics among the nine core subject areas that were targeted for the development of content standards. A new set of voluntary national content standards in economics, published in 1997, helped to guide administrators, teachers, and policy makers as they considered various educational objectives…

Rodgers, Yana V.; Hawthorne, Shelby; Wheeler, Ronald C.

2008-01-01

261

Five Standards for Effective Teaching: How to Succeed with All Learners, Grades K-8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a proven instructional model distilled over years of research, this book focuses on five essential pedagogy standards for guiding teaching practice in classrooms with diverse students, including English learners. Providing key indicators for each standard along with the theoretical rationale and "best practice" strategies, the book…

Dalton, Stephanie Stoll

2007-01-01

262

Developing and implementing quality standards for memory services: The Memory Services National Accreditation Programme (MSNAP)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The lack of a consistent model means that the quality and characteristics of memory services can vary greatly. Quality standards have been successfully applied in a range of healthcare settings which allow services to implement improvements where necessary. A nationally agreed set of quality standards would help fulfil this need for UK memory services.Objectives: To develop a set of

Emily Doncaster; Maureen McGeorge; Martin Orrell

2011-01-01

263

AT THE THRESHOLD: A NATIONAL CONSENSUS QUALITY SYSTEMS STANDARD FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Since 1989, efforts have been under way by the Energy & Environmental Quality Division to develop a national consensus standard for quality systems for environmental programs. he proposed standard, ANSI/ASQC E4-19xx, Quality Systems Requirements for Environmental Programs, has ju...

264

Trade Effects of Minimum Quality Standards with and without Deterred Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a model of vertical product differentiation, duopolistic firms face quality-dependent costs and compete on quality and price in two segmented markets. Minimum quality standards, set uniformly or according to the principle of mutual recognition, can be used to increase welfare. The analysis includes entry deterrence by the choice of a particular standard. With identical costs, both industries remain in

Stefan Lutz

1996-01-01

265

42 CFR 440.260 - Methods and standards to assure quality of services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Methods and standards to assure quality of services...Applicable to All Services § 440.260 Methods and standards to assure quality of services...The plan must include a description of methods and standards used to assure that...

2012-10-01

266

Evaluating EFL Intermediate Teachers' Performance in the Light of Quality Standards in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present research aimed at four points: First, Identifying the most appropriate standards of EFL Saudi teachers' performance in the light of quality standards. Second, designing an objective and comprehensive evaluation rubric based on quality standards to evaluate EFL Saudi intermediate teachers' performance. Third, determining to what extent…

Al-Thumali, Amani Dakheel Allah

2011-01-01

267

Bhutanese Stakeholders' Perceptions about Multi-Grade Teaching as a Strategy for Achieving Quality Universal Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study employed document analysis and qualitative interviews to explore the perceptions of different Bhutanese stakeholders about multi-grade teaching, which the Bhutanese Government identified as a strategy for achieving quality Universal Primary Education. The data from Ministry officials, teachers and student teachers were analyzed using…

Kucita, Pawan; Kivunja, Charles; Maxwell, T. W.; Kuyini, Bawa

2013-01-01

268

Coal quality control in the context of international standards ISO 9000-2000  

SciTech Connect

The paper sets forth scientific foundations and organizational-technical environment offered by ISO 9000 standards that are oriented to product quality management and, thus, product quality planning. The authors describe the results of coal product quality planning with using the QFD methodology, present a model of coal quality control through the coal product life cycle and mining technologies. It is proposed to evaluate the quality management efficiency by the coefficient of concordance between the product quality and consumer's demands.

Freidina, E.V.; Botvinnik, A.A.; Dvornikova, A.N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation). Institute of Mining

2008-11-15

269

Standards and Quality in Higher Education. Higher Education Policy Series 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The papers in this book reflect current debates on academic standards and quality assurance, and speak from the perspective of institutional leaders and national quality bodies and higher education researchers. Included are reports on the progress of several international quality initiatives and studies on the impact of external quality assurance…

Brennan, John, Ed.; de Vries, Peter, Ed.; Williams, Ruth, Ed.

270

Model Standards to Assess the Quality of Services and Programs for Persons with Developmental Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A set of model standards to evaluate the quality of services and programs for persons with developmental disabilities is presented. The introductory material deals with (1) the organization and development of the standards; (2) implementation of the stand...

1978-01-01

271

75 FR 61413 - Notice of Availability of Biotechnology Quality Management System Audit Standard and Evaluation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...APHIS-2008-0098] Notice of Availability of Biotechnology Quality Management System Audit Standard...developed an audit standard for its biotechnology compliance assistance program. The...Chief, Compliance Assistance Branch, Biotechnology Regulatory Services, APHIS,...

2010-10-05

272

Slaughter Plant Location, USDA Quality Grade, External Fat Thickness, and Aging Time Effects on Sensory Characteristics of Beef Loin Strip Steak1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A boneless beef strip loin (IMPS #180) was fabricated from each of 320 carcasses to study the effects of slaughter plant location, quality grade, fat thickness, and aging time on beef tender- ness and palatability. Carcasses were selected for fat thickness (< .5 cm or ? .5 cm fat thickness) and USDA quality grade (Select or Low Choice) from two

M. F. Miller; C. R. Kerth; J. W. Wise; J. L. Lansdell; J. E. Stowell; C. B. Ramsey

2010-01-01

273

Comparison of commercially available Escherichia coli enumeration tests: Implications for attaining water quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many states are replacing microbiological water quality standards based on “fecal” or thermotolerant coliforms (ThCs) with new standards that employ Escherichia coli as the indicator organism. Implicit in these new standards are assumptions about the equivalence of E. coli enumeration tests and the E. coli levels that will provide protection equivalent to former ThC standards. To investigate these assumptions, E.

William P. Hamilton; Moonil Kim; Edward L. Thackston

2005-01-01

274

Differences by Race and Grade Level in Motivation for Taking Standardized Achievement Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students' attitudes and preparation practices regarding standardized tests were studied with students from one elementary school and two middle schools in Atlanta (Georgia). There were 111 fifth graders (35 African American and 76 European American) and 274 eighth graders (204 African American and 70 European American). Students completed a…

Urdan, Tim; Davis, Heather

275

Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this collection of 15 essays, educators describe successful programs they've developed to fulfill the National Science Education Standards' vision for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content at the high school level. All the visions correspond with the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude…

Yager, Robert E., Ed

2005-01-01

276

Science Standards: Making Them Work for You. Grades 3 and 4. Facilitor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This facilitator's guide, and the videotape it accompanies, is designed to demonstrate ways in which the new visions of science education for the 21st century might be translated into classroom practice. The National Research Council's (NRC) National Science Education Standards, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)…

Famellette, Judy

277

Computer/Technology Skills Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies K-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 2004 revision represents a refinement of the competencies to reflect current technologies and to incorporate future technological developments. The three Competency Goals are unchanged from those adopted for the 1992 Standard Course of Study. They are: (1) The learner will understand important issues of a technology-based society and will…

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

2004-01-01

278

Teaching Reading and Literature in Early Elementary Grades. Standards Consensus Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, part of a series which serve as guides for K-12 teachers who are striving to align lively, classroom-tested practices with standards, gathers together brief articles spotlighting suggestions for effective instruction. The book contains dozens of diverse and thought-provoking activities for helping very young readers to grow into the…

Wilson, Jennifer, Ed.

279

Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of 15 essays, educators describe successful programs they've developed to fulfill the National Science Education Standards' vision for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content at the high school level. All the visions correspond with the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude each section of the Standards, characterizing what most teachers and programs should do less of as well as describing the changes needed if real reform is to occur. Essay titles reveal the range of programs--and creativity--this book encompasses. Among the titles are "Technology and Cooperative Learning: The IIT Model for Teaching Authentic Chemistry Curriculum," "Modeling: Changes in Traditional Physics Instruction," "Guided by the Standards: Inquiry and Assessment in Two Rural and Urban Schools," and even "Sing and Dance Your Way to Science Success." The book ends with a summary chapter by editor Robert Yager on successes and continuing challenges in meeting the Standards' visions for improving high school science. As Yager notes, "The exemplary programs described in this monograph give inspiration while also providing evidence that the new directions are feasible and worth the energy and effort needed for others to implement changes.

2005-01-01

280

Exemplary Science in Grades 9-12: Standards-Based Success Stories (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of 15 essays, educators describe successful programs they've developed to fulfill the National Science Education Standards' vision for the reform of teaching, assessment, professional development, and content at the high school level. All the visions correspond with the Less Emphasis and More Emphasis conditions that conclude each section of the Standards, characterizing what most teachers and programs should do less of as well as describing the changes needed if real reform is to occur. Essay titles reveal the range of programs--and creativity--this book encompasses. Among the titles are "Technology and Cooperative Learning: The IIT Model for Teaching Authentic Chemistry Curriculum," "Modeling: Changes in Traditional Physics Instruction," "Guided by the Standards: Inquiry and Assessment in Two Rural and Urban Schools," and even "Sing and Dance Your Way to Science Success." The book ends with a summary chapter by editor Robert Yager on successes and continuing challenges in meeting the Standards' visions for improving high school science. As Yager notes, "The exemplary programs described in this monograph give inspiration while also providing evidence that the new directions are feasible and worth the energy and effort needed for others to implement changes.

2009-05-18

281

Computer/Technology Skills Standard Course of Study and Grade Level Competencies 6-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Computer/Technology Skills Standard Course of Study describes the progressive development of knowledge and skills in six strands: (1) Societal and Ethical Issues; (2) Database; (3) Spreadsheet Keyboard; (4) Utilization/Word Processing/Desktop Publishing; (5) Multimedia/Presentation, and (6) Telecommunications/Internet. The revision process…

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2004

2004-01-01

282

Science Standards: Making Them Work for You. Primary Grades. Facilitator's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This facilitator's guide, and the videotape it accompanies, is designed to demonstrate ways in which the new visions of science education for the 21st century might be translated into classroom practice. The National Research Council's (NRC) National Science Education Standards, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)…

Famellette, Judy

283

Science Standards: Making Them Work for You. Grades 3 and 4. Facilitor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This facilitator's guide, and the videotape it accompanies, is designed to demonstrate ways in which the new visions of science education for the 21st century might be translated into classroom practice. The National Research Council's (NRC) National Science Education Standards, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Benchmarks…

Famellette, Judy

284

Systems for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations II: Pilot study of a new system  

PubMed Central

Background Systems that are used by different organisations to grade the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations vary. They have different strengths and weaknesses. The GRADE Working Group has developed an approach that addresses key shortcomings in these systems. The aim of this study was to pilot test and further develop the GRADE approach to grading evidence and recommendations. Methods A GRADE evidence profile consists of two tables: a quality assessment and a summary of findings. Twelve evidence profiles were used in this pilot study. Each evidence profile was made based on information available in a systematic review. Seventeen people were given instructions and independently graded the level of evidence and strength of recommendation for each of the 12 evidence profiles. For each example judgements were collected, summarised and discussed in the group with the aim of improving the proposed grading system. Kappas were calculated as a measure of chance-corrected agreement for the quality of evidence for each outcome for each of the twelve evidence profiles. The seventeen judges were also asked about the ease of understanding and the sensibility of the approach. All of the judgements were recorded and disagreements discussed. Results There was a varied amount of agreement on the quality of evidence for the outcomes relating to each of the twelve questions (kappa coefficients for agreement beyond chance ranged from 0 to 0.82). However, there was fair agreement about the relative importance of each outcome. There was poor agreement about the balance of benefits and harms and recommendations. Most of the disagreements were easily resolved through discussion. In general we found the GRADE approach to be clear, understandable and sensible. Some modifications were made in the approach and it was agreed that more information was needed in the evidence profiles. Conclusion Judgements about evidence and recommendations are complex. Some subjectivity, especially regarding recommendations, is unavoidable. We believe our system for guiding these complex judgements appropriately balances the need for simplicity with the need for full and transparent consideration of all important issues.

Atkins, David; Briss, Peter A; Eccles, Martin; Flottorp, Signe; Guyatt, Gordon H; Harbour, Robin T; Hill, Suzanne; Jaeschke, Roman; Liberati, Alessandro; Magrini, Nicola; Mason, James; O'Connell, Dianne; Oxman, Andrew D; Phillips, Bob; Schunemann, Holger; Edejer, Tessa Tan-Torres; Vist, Gunn E; Williams, John W

2005-01-01

285

Quality control methodology and implementation of X-radiation standards beams, mammography level, following the standard IEC 61267.  

PubMed

This study presents the results of the establishment of a quality control program developed and applied for the X-ray system of the Calibration Laboratory of IPEN. The X-ray standard beams, mammography level, using molybdenum and aluminum as additional filtration were established after the application of this quality control and the spectrometry of these qualities was made. The reference ionization chamber has traceability to the PTB. The radiation qualities RQR-M, RQA-M, RQN-M and RQB-M, following the recommendations of the IEC 61267 and the IAEA TRS 457 were established. PMID:22364787

Corrêa, E L; Vivolo, V; Potiens, M P A

2012-02-15

286

Characterization of Metrological Grade Analog-to-Digital Converters Using a Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

A test bench has been developed for systematic char- acterization of high-resolution analog-to-digital converters. The reference signal is generated by a programable Josephson voltage standard. Three 24-bit digitizers have been characterized. Noise performance has been measured at direct current using the Allan deviation, whereas integral nonlinearity has been measured with quasi-dynamic stepwise triangular waveforms at frequencies be- tween 0.5 Hz

Frédéric Overney; Alain Rufenacht; Jean-Pierre Braun; Blaise Jeanneret; Paul S. Wright

2011-01-01

287

NUMERICAL STANDARDS FOR MANAGING LAKE AND RESERVOIR WATER QUALITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even as attention to our nation's lake resources has sharpened in the past decade, water quality surveys repeatedly indicate deteriorating lake water quality. Several recent surveys indicate that the percentage of lake and reservoir waters impaired or threatened by pollution is higher than that of streams, rivers, estuaries, or groundwaters. This paper was prepared to stimulate debate on the need

Alfred M. Duda; Myron L. Iwanski; Robert J. Johnson; John A. Jaksch

1987-01-01

288

63 FR 10799 - Water Quality Standards for Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...fundamentally change the hydraulic...criterion with greater consistency...EPA conducted water quality assessments...are located at U.S. Highway 43...material way the economy, a sector of the economy, productivity...RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et...Under the CWA water quality...

1998-03-05

289

Voluntary Online-Teaching Standards Come Amid Concerns over Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As learning over the Internet grows in both popularity and controversy, experts are hoping that a new set of national standards for online teaching may help bring clarity and credibility to an industry that some analysts say sorely needs both. The voluntary standards, released February 21 by the North American Council for Online Learning, or…

Trotter, Andrew

2008-01-01

290

What "No Child Left Behind" Leaves behind: The Roles of IQ and Self-Control in Predicting Standardized Achievement Test Scores and Report Card Grades  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increasing prominence of standardized testing to assess student learning motivated the current investigation. We propose that standardized achievement test scores assess competencies determined more by intelligence than by self-control, whereas report card grades assess competencies determined more by self-control than by intelligence. In…

Duckworth, Angela L.; Quinn, Patrick D.; Tsukayama, Eli

2012-01-01

291

Implications of changing PM10 Air Quality Standards on Pacific Northwest communities affected by windblown dust  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently reviewing the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Particulate Matter. EPA is considering the recommendation to change both the form and level of the PM10 (particulate matter ?10 ?m in diameter) Standard. The implication of the recommended NAAQS for PM10 on air quality is explored in this study. Daily observations of PM10

B. S. Sharratt; R. Edgar

2011-01-01

292

The Standard of Quality for HEIs in Vietnam: A Step in the Right Direction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a critical analysis of the Standard of Quality for higher education institutions in Vietnam which was developed in response to an urgent call for a fundamental reform to enhance the quality of educational provision, particularly of teaching and learning. Design/methodology/approach: The standard

Tran, Nga D.; Nguyen, Thanh T.; Nguyen, My T. N.

2011-01-01

293

Turbidity as a Water Quality Standard for Salmonid Habitats in Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence both of trophic level changes induced by reduction in light penetration and of more direct effects of sediment and turbidity on aquatic life indicates that turbidity constitutes a valid and useful water quality standard that can be used to protect aquatic habitats from sediment pollution. A review of studies conducted in Alaska and elsewhere indicated that water quality standards

Denby S. Lloyd

1987-01-01

294

THE ECONOMICS OF FLOW ENHANCEMENT VS. NUTRIENT CONTROLS IN MEETING WATER QUALITY STANDARDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the economics of using enhanced flow as part of a strategy to meet water quality standards. We begin by briefly sketching the relevant economic theory, which we then apply to a case study of a dissolved oxygen impaired stream segment in Georgia'?s Flint River Basin. Results show that meeting targeted water quality standards with strategies that include

Andrew G. Keeler; Leslie Marbury

2004-01-01

295

THE USE OF INTERNAL VERSUS EXTERNAL STANDARDS IN PERCEPTUAL EVALUATION OF VOICE QUALITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT A descriptive framework for voice quality perception (Kreiman, Gerratt, Kempster, Erman, and Berke, 1993) states that listeners rating a voice on some quality dimensions, for example, roughness, compare the voice heard to an internal standard. Access to this internal standard may vary and arguably the reliability of ratings will concomitantly,fluctuate independently from a listener's perception of the physical signal

Kelvin Fung; Yam Cheung

1994-01-01

296

Comparison of USDA Quality Grade with Tendertec for the Assessment of Beef Palatability1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carcasses (n = 265) selected to differ in USDA yield grade were evaluated by expert graders and assessed for tenderness with the Tendertec Mark III Beef Grading Instrument. Tendertec measure- ments were collected on longissimus lumborum mus- cles in both sides of each carcass. During fabrication of each left carcass side, a rib section (later converted into three steaks) was

M. H. George; J. D. Tatum; H. G. Dolezal; J. B. Morgan; J. W. Wise; C. R. Calkins; T. Gordon; J. O. Reagan; G. C. Smith

2010-01-01

297

Quality of life in low-grade glioma patients receiving temozolomide  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to describe the quality of life (QOL) of low-grade glioma (LGG) patients at baseline prior to chemotherapy and through 12 cycles of temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy. Patients with histologically confirmed LGG with only prior surgery were given TMZ for 12 cycles. QOL assessments by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy–Brain (FACT-Br) were obtained at baseline prior to chemotherapy and at 2-month intervals while receiving TMZ. Patients with LGG at baseline prior to chemotherapy had higher reported social well-being scores (mean difference = 5.0; p < 0.01) but had lower reported emotional well-being scores (mean difference = 2.2; p < 0.01) compared to a normal population. Compared to patients with left hemisphere tumors, patients with right hemisphere tumors reported higher physical well-being scores (p = 0.01): 44% could not drive, 26% did not feel independent, and 26% were afraid of having a seizure. Difficulty with work was noted in 24%. Mean change scores at each chemotherapy cycle compared to baseline for all QOL subscales showed either no significant change or were significantly positive (p < 0.01). Patients with LGG on TMZ at baseline prior to chemotherapy reported QOL comparable to a normal population with the exception of social and emotional well-being, and those with right hemisphere tumors reported higher physical well-being scores compared to those with left hemisphere tumors. While remaining on therapy, LGG patients were able to maintain their QOL in all realms. LGG patients’ QOL may be further improved by addressing their emotional well-being and their loss of independence in terms of driving or working.

Liu, Raymond; Solheim, Karla; Polley, Mei-Yin; Lamborn, Kathleen R.; Page, Margaretta; Fedoroff, Anne; Rabbitt, Jane; Butowski, Nicholas; Prados, Michael; Chang, Susan M.

2009-01-01

298

Written Standards as a Process To Improve Survey Data Quality: A Review of Selected National Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of formal written standards as a way to improve a product or service is discussed and illustrated by an analysis of the planned development of standards for educational data reporting. The Cooperative Educational Data Collection and Reporting Standards (CEDCARS) project is intended to apply to a wide range of educational data collection…

Bayless, David L.; And Others

299

Written Standards as a Process To Improve Survey Data Quality: A Review of Selected National Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of formal written standards as a way to improve a product or service is discussed and illustrated by an analysis of the planned development of standards for educational data reporting. The Cooperative Educational Data Collection and Reporting Standards (CEDCARS) project is intended to apply to a wide range of educational data collection…

Bayless, David L.; And Others

300

Iso 19011:2002--a combined auditing standard for quality and environmental management systems.  

PubMed

In a precedent-setting decision in 1998, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) directed ISO Technical Committee (TC) 176 on Quality Management and ISO TC 207 on Environmental Management to develop jointly a single guideline standard for auditing quality and environmental management systems. When approved, this standard would replace ISO 10011-1, ISO 10011-2, and ISO 10011-3 on quality auditing and ISO 14010, ISO 14011, and ISO 14012 on environmental auditing. A Joint Working Group (JWG) was established comprising experts from both TC 176 and TC 207 to develop the new standard, ISO 19011, Guidelines on Quality and/or Environmental Management Systems Auditing, and to incorporate lessons learned from efforts to improve compatibility between ISO 9001/9004 and ISO 14001/14004, the standards for quality and environmental management systems, respectively. Work is proceeding on the development of ISO 19011 with an expected completion in early 2002. PMID:12008882

Johnson, G L

301

External quality assessment schemes raise standards: evidence from the UKNEQAS parasitology subschemes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The burden of parasitic disease imported into the temperate zone is increasing, and in the tropics remains very high. Thus, high quality diagnostic parasitology services are needed, but to implement clinical governance a measure of quality of service is required.Aim: To examine performance in the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme for Parasitology for evidence of improved standards

M M Kettelhut; P L Chiodini; H Edwards; A Moody

2003-01-01

302

Academic Standards, Quality Education and Oil of Olay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author blames the decline of academic standards in higher education on permissive, client-centered theories which advocate coddling the student's emotions rather than requiring him/her to learn. (SJL)|

Kodman, Frank

1981-01-01

303

42 CFR 410.144 - Quality standards for deemed entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and operational policies. (iii) Maintains a written policy that affirms education as an integral component of diabetes care. (iv) Includes in its operational policies, specific standards and procedures identifying the amount of...

2009-10-01

304

42 CFR 410.144 - Quality standards for deemed entities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and operational policies. (iii) Maintains a written policy that affirms education as an integral component of diabetes care. (iv) Includes in its operational policies, specific standards and procedures identifying the amount of...

2010-10-01

305

Beef Customer Satisfaction: Role of Cut, USDA Quality Grade, and City on In-Home Consumer Ratings1  

Microsoft Academic Search

An in-home beef study evaluated consumer ratings from moderate-to-heavy beef users as influenced by cut (top loin, top sirloin, and top round steaks), USDA quality grade (Top Choice, Low Choice, High Select, and Low Select), and city (Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, and San Francisco). Consumers (n = 2,212) evaluated each steak for overall like (OLIKE), tenderness (TEND), juiciness (JUIC), flavor desirability

T. R. Neely; C. L. Lorenzen; R. K. Miller; J. D. Tatum; J. W. Wise; J. F. Taylor; M. J. Buyck; J. O. Reagan; J. W. Savell

2010-01-01

306

Grading More Accurately  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Grades matter. College grading systems, however, are often ad hoc and prone to mistakes. This essay focuses on one factor that contributes to high-quality grading systems: grading accuracy (or "efficiency"). I proceed in several steps. First, I discuss the elements of "efficient" (i.e., accurate) grading. Next, I present analytical results…

Rom, Mark Carl

2011-01-01

307

62 FR 41162 - Water Quality Standards for Idaho  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1995; and the U.S. Forest Service's...originally proposed. Greater diurnal fluctuations...temperatures do not change substantially...EPA agrees that greater control over thermal...1995; and the U.S. Forest [[Page...restrictions on lowering water quality...

1997-07-31

308

DOE standard: Filter test facility quality program plan  

SciTech Connect

This standard was developed primarily for application in US Department of Energy programs. It contains specific direction for HEPA filter testing performed at a DOE-accepted HEPA Filter Test Facility (FTF). Beneficial comments (recommendations, additions, deletions) and any pertinent data that may improve this document should be sent to the Office of Nuclear Safety Policy and Standards (EH-31), US Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585, by letter or by using the self-addressed Document Improvement Proposal form (DOE F 1300.3) appearing at the end of this document.

NONE

1999-02-01

309

Effects of dry, vacuum, and special bag aging; USDA quality grade; and end-point temperature on yields and eating quality of beef Longissimus lumborum steaks.  

PubMed

This study evaluated the effects of three aging methods: (dry (D), wet (W), and special bag (SB)); two quality grades [USDA Choice((?Small(50) marbling) and Select); and two cooked end-point temperatures (62.8 °C and 71.1 °C) on physico-chemical traits of instrumental tenderness, color, and sensory properties of Longissimus lumborum beef muscle. Dry-aged loins had higher (P<0.0001) weight loss than W or SB aged loins. However, D and SB aged loins had similar (P>0.05) combined losses. W aged loins had higher (P<0.01) L* values than D or SB aged loins. Warner-Bratzler shear force of steaks was not affected (P>0.05) by aging method or quality grade but increased (P<0.0001) as end-point temperature increased. Sensory panel evaluation also showed no effect (P>0.05) of aging method or quality grade on myofibrillar tenderness, juiciness, connective tissue amount, overall tenderness or off flavor intensity. Steaks cooked to 62.8 °C were juicier (P<0.05) than those cooked to 71.1 °C. Neither D nor SB aging had advantages over W aging. PMID:23501255

Dikeman, Michael E; Obuz, Ersel; Gök, Veli; Akkaya, Levent; Stroda, Sally

2013-02-16

310

Health-related quality of life of long-term high-grade glioma survivors  

PubMed Central

The objective of this study was to compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of long-term to short-term high-grade glioma (HGG) survivors, determine the prognostic value of HRQOL for overall survival, and determine the effect of tumor recurrence on HRQOL for long-term survivors. Following baseline assessment (after surgery, before radiotherapy), self-perceived HRQOL (using the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 [SF-36]) and brain tumor–specific symptoms (using the 20-item Brain Cancer Module) were assessed every 4 months until 16 months after histological diagnosis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model were performed to estimate overall survival of patients with impaired scores on the aggregated SF-36 higher-order summary scores measuring physical functioning on a physical component scale and on a mental component scale (MCS). Sixteen patients with a short-term survival (baseline and 4-month follow-up) and 16 with a long-term survival (follow-up until 16 months after diagnosis) were selected out of 68 initially recruited HGG patients. At baseline, the short-term and long-term survivors did not differ in their HRQOL. Between baseline and the 4-month follow-up, HRQOL of short-term survivors deteriorated, whereas the long-term survivors improved to a level comparable to healthy controls. Patients with impaired mental functioning (MCS) at baseline had a shorter median survival than patients with normal functioning. After accounting for differences in patient and tumor characteristics, however, mental functioning was not independently related to poorer overall survival. Not surprisingly, in the group of long-term survivors, the five patients with recurrence had a more compromised HRQOL at the 16-month follow-up compared to the 11 patients without recurrence. We concluded that baseline HRQOL is not related to duration of survival and that long-term survivors show improvement of HRQOL to a level comparable to that of the healthy.

Bosma, Ingeborg; Reijneveld, Jaap C.; Douw, Linda; Vos, Maaike J.; Postma, Tjeerd J.; Aaronson, Neil K.; Muller, Martin; Vandertop, W. Peter; Slotman, Ben J.; Taphoorn, Martin J. B.; Heimans, Jan J.; Klein, Martin

2009-01-01

311

Quality standards for child and adolescent mental health in primary care  

PubMed Central

Background Child and adolescent mental health problems are common in primary healthcare settings. However, few parents of children with mental health problems express concerns about these problems during consultations. Based on parental views, we aimed to create quality of care measures for child and adolescent mental health in primary care and develop consensus about the importance of these quality standards within primary care. Methods Quality Standards were developed using an iterative approach involving four phases: 1) 34 parents with concerns about their child’s emotional health or behaviour were recruited from a range of community settings including primary care practices to participate in focus group discussions, followed by validation groups or interviews. 2) Preliminary Quality Standards were generated that fully represented the parents’ experiences and were refined following feedback from an expert parent nominal group. 3) 55 experts, including parents and representatives from voluntary organisations, across five panels participated in a modified two-stage Delphi study to develop consensus on the importance of the Quality Standards. The panels comprised general practitioners, other community-based professionals, child and adolescent psychiatrists, other child and adolescent mental health professionals and public health and policy specialists. 4) The final set of Quality Standards was piloted with 52 parents in primary care. Results In the Delphi process, all five panels agreed that 10 of 31 Quality Standards were important. Although four panels rated 25–27 statements as important, the general practitioner panel rated 12 as important. The final 10 Quality Standards reflected healthcare domains involving access, confidentiality for young people, practitioner knowledge, communication, continuity of care, and referral to other services. Parents in primary care agreed that all 10 statements were important. Conclusions It is feasible to develop a set of Quality Standards to assess mental healthcare provision for children and adolescents seen within primary healthcare services. Primary care practitioners should be aware of parental perspectives about quality of care as these may influence help-seeking behaviours.

2012-01-01

312

VQeg validation and ITU standardization of objective perceptual video quality metrics [Standards in a Nutshell  

Microsoft Academic Search

For industry, the need to access accurate and reliable objective video metrics has become more pressing with the advent of new video applications and services such as mobile broadcasting, Internet video, and Internet Protocol television (IPTV). Industry-class objective quality- measurement models have a wide range of uses, including equipment testing (e.g., codec evaluation), transmission- planning and network-dimensioning tasks, head-end quality

Kjell Brunnström; David Hands; Filippo Speranza; Arthur Webster

2009-01-01

313

Quality standards, conventions and the governance of global value chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convention theory helps refine our understanding of the governance of global value chains through its analysis of ‘quality’. In this article, it is argued that global value chains are becoming increasingly ‘buyer-driven’, even though they are characterized by ‘hands-off’ forms of co-ordination between ‘lead firms’ and their immediate suppliers. This is because lead firms have been able to embed complex

Stefano Ponte; Peter Gibbon

2005-01-01

314

EPA'S Updated Air Quality Standards For Smog (Ozone) and Particulate Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On July 16, 1997, the US Environmental Protection Agency released "final air quality standards for particulate matter and ozone (otherwise known as soot and smog)." The EPA Office of Air & Radiation has made the standards, which appear in the July 18, 1997 Federal Register, available (in Adobe Acrobate [.pdf] format). The FR final rules are: "Final Particulate Matter NAAQS," (National Ambient Air Quality Standards,102p.); "Final Ozone NAAQS" (37p.); "Particulate Matter Monitoring Requirements" (86p.); and "Supplemental Information and Request for Comments" (2p.). In addition, there is a 16 page memorandum from President Clinton to the EPA Administrator concerning implementation of the standards, and there are also several fact sheets about the standards. Note that the new standards contain two significant changes from the EPA's November 1996 proposal (discussed in the December 6, 1996 Scout Report). Users can see the Updated Clean Air Standards fact sheet for these changes.

Radiation., United S.

1997-01-01

315

25 CFR 273.38 - Equal quality and standard of education.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ASSISTANCE ACT PROGRAM EDUCATION CONTRACTS UNDER JOHNSON-O'MALLEY ACT Funding Provisions § 273.38 Equal quality and standard of education. Contracts with...

2013-04-01

316

Incorporating Security Quality Requirements Engineering (SQUARE) into Standard Life-Cycle Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

SQUARE (Security Quality Requirements Engineering) is a method for eliciting and prioritizing security requirements in software development projects. This report describes how SQUARE can be incorporated in standard life- cycle models for security-critical...

A. Raveendran D. Padmanabhan N. R. Mead V. Viswanathan

2008-01-01

317

Data standards and improvement of quality and safety in child health care.  

PubMed

Progress in using information technology to achieve the goal of high-quality health care is hindered by the lack of coordinated data standards. To accelerate quality improvement in pediatrics, child health providers must participate actively in the creation of health care data standards. To do so will require far greater understanding on the part of pediatricians and other pediatric providers regarding the scope and role of data standards in advancing health information systems for children, as well as how data standards could improve quality in child health, what kinds of data standards hold the most promise for quality improvement in child health, and how child health professionals can engage in the work of creating data standards. Child health professionals in organized and academic medicine should participate in standards development organizations, to present the pediatric point of view as data standards emerge. They also should support efforts to certify electronic health record systems that include pediatric functionality. A major challenge to academic pediatrics is to prove that data standards can lead to improved health outcomes for children; this is only a compelling conjecture as of this writing. PMID:19088233

Spooner, S Andrew; Classen, David C

2009-01-01

318

Standards of care: integrating nursing care plans and quality assurance activities.  

PubMed

Traditionally, standards are used to define the level of care that a patient can expect to receive in a given institution or on a given nursing unit. These standards are the foundation of quality assurance programs. Unfortunately, with the increased emphasis on monitoring care, many standards are being written after the quality assurance activities have been developed and are in place. Often, standards are placed neatly in a book that is dusted off and brought out when the Joint Commission for Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations representative (JCAHO) visits. The nursing staff at the unit level has no real knowledge or understanding of the standards. This may result in a nonfunctioning quality assurance program. PMID:1995020

Mize, C P; Bentley, G; Hubbard, S

1991-02-01

319

75 FR 11079 - Extension of Public Comment Period for Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Extension of Public Comment Period for Water Quality Standards for the State of Florida's Lakes and Flowing Waters AGENCY: Environmental Protection...signed a proposed rule entitled ``Water Quality Standards for the State of...

2010-03-10

320

Improved modified pressure imaging and software for egg micro-crack detection and egg quality grading  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cracks in the egg shell increase a food safety risk. Especially, eggs with very fine, hairline cracks (micro-cracks) are often undetected during the grading process because they are almost impossible to detect visually. A modified pressure imaging system was developed to detect eggs with micro-crack...

321

Within-School Variation in Teacher Quality: The Case of Ninth Grade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is abundant evidence that ninth grade is a critical year for students, particularly those enrolled in large urban school districts. Despite the importance of the freshman year for subsequent academic success, the existence of teacher status systems within schools suggests that ninth graders, who are traditionally viewed by teachers as…

Neild, Ruth Curran; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

322

7 CFR 810.2204 - Grades and grade requirements for wheat.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for wheat. 810.2204 Section 810.2204 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Wheat Principles Governing the Application...2204 Grades and grade requirements for wheat. (a) Grades and grade...

2009-01-01

323

7 CFR 810.2204 - Grades and grade requirements for wheat.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for wheat. 810.2204 Section 810.2204 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Wheat Principles Governing the Application...2204 Grades and grade requirements for wheat. (a) Grades and grade...

2010-01-01

324

The relation of preschool child-care quality to children's cognitive and social developmental trajectories through second grade.  

PubMed

The cognitive and socioemotional development of 733 children was examined longitudinally from ages 4 to 8 years as a function of the quality of their preschool experiences in community child-care centers, after adjusting for family selection factors related to child-care quality and development. These results provide evidence that child-care quality has a modest long-term effect on children's patterns of cognitive and socioemotional development at least through kindergarten, and in some cases, through second grade. Differential effects on children's development were found for two aspects of child-care quality. Observed classroom practices were related to children's language and academic skills, whereas the closeness of the teacher-child relationship was related to both cognitive and social skills, with the strongest effects for the latter. Moderating influences of family characteristics were observed for some outcomes, indicating stronger positive effects of child-care quality for children from more at-risk backgrounds. These findings contribute further evidence of the long-term influences of the quality of child-care environments on children's cognitive and social skills through the elementary school years and are consistent with a bioecological model of development that considers the multiple environmental contexts that the child experiences. PMID:11699686

Peisner-Feinberg, E S; Burchinal, M R; Clifford, R M; Culkin, M L; Howes, C; Kagan, S L; Yazejian, N

325

Medieval Japan. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.5. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California State Standard 7.5 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of medieval Japan." Seventh-grade students describe the significance of Japan's proximity to China and Korea and the influence of these countries on Japan; discuss the reign of Japan's Prince…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

326

Ghana and Mali. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.4. World History and Geography: Medieval Sub-Saharan Africa. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California State Standard 7.4 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the sub-Saharan civilizations of Ghana and Mali in Medieval Africa. Seventh-grade students focus on the Niger River and the growth of the Mali and Ghana empires; analyze the importance of…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

327

The First Year: Student Performance on 10th Grade Benchmark Standards and Subsequent Performance in the First Year of College (2001-02).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the performance of Oregon University System (OUS) students on 10th grade benchmark standards and subsequent performance in their first year of college. Participants, identified using 1999-00 state data from the Oregon Department of Education, included students who participated in state assessment while in high school and…

Oregon Univ. System, Eugene.

328

Chinese Philosophy. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.3. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California State Standard 7.3 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structure of the civilizations of China in the middle ages." Seventh-grade students focus on the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of Buddhism; agricultural,…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

329

Medieval Europe. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.6. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California State Standard 7.6 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Europe." Seventh-grade students study the geography of Europe and the Eurasian land mass; describe the spread of Christianity north of the Alps and the roles…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

330

Chinese Philosophy. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.3. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 7.3 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structure of the civilizations of China in the middle ages." Seventh-grade students focus on the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the spread of Buddhism; agricultural,…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

331

Medieval Europe. Grade 7 Model Lesson for Standard 7.6. World History and Geography: Medieval and Early Modern Times. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 7.6 is delineated in the following manner: "Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Europe." Seventh-grade students study the geography of Europe and the Eurasian land mass; describe the spread of Christianity north of the Alps and the roles…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

332

What No Child Left Behind Leaves Behind: The Roles of IQ and Self-Control in Predicting Standardized Achievement Test Scores and Report Card Grades  

PubMed Central

The increasing prominence of standardized testing to assess student learning motivated the current investigation. We propose that standardized achievement test scores assess competencies determined more by intelligence than by self-control, whereas report card grades assess competencies determined more by self-control than by intelligence. In particular, we suggest that intelligence helps students learn and solve problems independent of formal instruction, whereas self-control helps students study, complete homework, and behave positively in the classroom. Two longitudinal, prospective studies of middle school students support predictions from this model. In both samples, IQ predicted changes in standardized achievement test scores over time better than did self-control, whereas self-control predicted changes in report card grades over time better than did IQ. As expected, the effect of self-control on changes in report card grades was mediated in Study 2 by teacher ratings of homework completion and classroom conduct. In a third study, ratings of middle school teachers about the content and purpose of standardized achievement tests and report card grades were consistent with the proposed model. Implications for pedagogy and public policy are discussed.

Duckworth, Angela L.; Quinn, Patrick D.; Tsukayama, Eli

2013-01-01

333

Global quality criteria, standards, and indicators for doctoral programs in nursing; literature review and guideline development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Nursing profession has intensified education and training of nurse researchers who could enhance the health of people through the discovery and dissemination of knowledge. This resulted in rapid increase in the number of doctoral programs in nursing in many countries in recent decades, but the guidelines for quality programs are lacking.Objectives: To develop guidelines for quality criteria, standards, and

M. J. Kim; Hugh P. McKenna; S. Ketefian

2006-01-01

334

Development of surrogate organic contaminant parameters for source water quality standards in Taiwan, ROC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research was to develop a rationale for selecting representative water quality parameters for organic contaminants and microorganisms and determining their respective contaminant level (or regulated value) for the source water quality standards in Taiwan. It was observed that chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC) have strong correlation with UV254 in spite of the

E. E Chang; P. C. Chiang; T. F. Lin

1998-01-01

335

The Stirling model of nursing audit. Its relationship to standard setting and quality assurance.  

PubMed

Setting up nursing audit can be a daunting prospect. Once done, however, it can provide information about the effectiveness and quality of care. This article describes how audit can be integrated into quality assurance and standard setting initiatives already underway. PMID:2020677

Morison, M J

1991-04-01

336

Introduction of International Accounting Standards, Disclosure Quality and Accuracy of Analysts' Earnings Forecasts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether the introduction of international accounting standards by German companies has improved the accuracy of analysts' forecasts, and what role changes in the quality of disclosures have played in this process. We develop a structural equation model that allows us to separate the effects of changes in disclosure quality from other effects of the introduction of international accounting

Martin Glaum; Jörg Baetge; Alexander Grothe; Tatjana Oberdörster

2011-01-01

337

Validating automated analytical instruments to meet regulatory and quality standard requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analytical laboratories are more and more faced to meet official regulatory requirements as described in FDA and EPA good laboratory practice, good automated laboratory practice and good manufacturing practice regulations or to officially establish quality systems, such as specified in the ISO 9000 Series quality standards, in the ISO Guide 25 or in the EN 45001 guidelines. The impact on

Maurizio Zanetti; Ludwig Huber

1996-01-01

338

A 10-year review of quality improvement monitoring in pain management: Recommendations for standardized outcome measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality measurement in health care is complex and in a constant state of evolution. Different approaches are necessary depending on the purpose of the measurement (e.g., accountability, research, improvement). Recent changes in health care accreditation standards are driving increased attention to measurement of the quality of pain management for improvement purposes. The purpose of this article is to determine what

Debra B. Gordon; Teresa A. Pellino; Christine Miaskowski; Jeanette Adams McNeill; Judith A. Paice; Daniel Laferriere; Marilyn Bookbinder

2002-01-01

339

Design Document for 12th Grade NAEP Preparedness Research Judgmental Standard Setting Studies: Setting Standards on the National Assessment of Educational Progress in Reading and Mathematics for 12th Grade Preparedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Assessment Governing Board adopted a Program of Preparedness Research in March 2009. Several categories of research studies were recommended to produce results for reporting 12th grade preparedness for the 2009 grade 12 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in reading and mathematics. The categories included content…

National Assessment Governing Board, 2010

2010-01-01

340

EVALUATION OF PRESENT CHEMICAL STANDARDS IN RELATIONSHIP TO IN SITU MARINE WATER QUALITY MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of the program was to determine what standards are currently available, their suitability for validating present in-situ water quality measurements, and to assess the accuracy of measurement traceability from the in-situ instrument to a recognized standard. The ease w...

341

The development of a site-specific water-quality standard for copper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation proposes to determine, for one toxic chemical, copper, if the Federal water quality standard and the state interpretation of that standard are appropriate for the Duck River, some 50 miles south of Nashville, Tennessee. This involved conducting toxicity tests in Duck River water, and the use of the computer metal speciation program MINTEQA1 to predict instream impact. The

Sinclair

1989-01-01

342

Meeting BAT and water quality standards at a petroleum refinery\\/petrochemical complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much is being made of the possibility of amending the Clean Water Act either this year or next. One of the more frequently discussed changes is the elimination of technology-based effluent limitations in favor of basing limitations on water quality standards. The Standard Oil Company (Ohio) - SOHIO - had the opportunity to compare the two approaches in designing a

M. B. LaGraff; D. R. Marrs; P. W. McCallum

1982-01-01

343

US Environmental Politics: A Study of State Toxic Metal Water Quality Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why do some U.S. states pass strict environmental regulations, while others are content with the baseline standards required by the federal government? This work outlines the state environmental choice as a trade-off between the desires of consumers (who want better environmental quality) and of producers (who want less restrictive environmental standards). A rational state legislator maximizes her chances of being

Mary E. Davis

2007-01-01

344

Assessment of Welfare Effects and the Secondary Air Quality Standard for Ozone.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Review of the effects of ozone upon vegetation and materials in an attempt to justify the establishment of national secondary ambient air quality standards for ozone. The report concludes that ozone standards should be set on the basis of its effects on v...

1978-01-01

345

Food Quality Standards in Equilibrium Models: A Discussion of Current Modeling Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout recent year food quality standards have become a ubiquitous phenomenon that nationally and globally influences agri-food markets. With equilibrium models commonly used in the quantitative analysis of market and trade effects, we review possible approaches to modeling standards existent in the literature, elaborate the reasoning behind them and discuss their suitability to reflect \\

Stephan Nolte; Marie-Luise Rau

2006-01-01

346

Validation of the standardized version of the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ), the 3 activity questions are selected by the patients themselves. For greater efficiency, a version with standardized activities is required. Objective: Our purpose was to develop and validate a standardized version of the RQLQ, the RQLQ(S). Methods: With use of 5 RQLQ databases, we identified the activities most frequently selected by

Elizabeth F. Juniper; Ann K. Thompson; Penelope J. Ferrie; Jeremy N. Roberts

1999-01-01

347

Nutrients, Water Temperature, and Dissolved Oxygen: Are Water Quality Standards Achievable for Forest Streams?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water quality standards provide a performance measure for watershed managers. Three of the most important standards for rivers and streams are the key nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus; water temperature; and dissolved oxygen. The concentration of nitrogen and phosphorus in waterbodies affects primary production and productivity. Too little nutrients and streams are sterile and unproductive. Too much and they are eutrophic.

G. G. Ice

2002-01-01

348

OZONE AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARD HAS BENEFICIAL EFFECT ON PONDEROSA PINE IN CALIFORNIA  

EPA Science Inventory

Ambient air quality standards and control strategies are implemented to protect humans and vegetation from adverse effects. However, to date there has not been a simple and objective method to determine if the standards and resultant control strategies have reduced O3 impacts on ...

349

40 CFR 125.61 - Existence of and compliance with applicable water quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Existence of and compliance with applicable water quality standards. 125.61 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS CRITERIA AND STANDARDS FOR...Requirements Under Section 301(h) of the Clean Water Act § 125.61 Existence of and...

2013-07-01

350

40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1. General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 specified in § 50.7 and §...

2010-07-01

351

40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection...National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 1. General (a) This appendix...air quality standards (NAAQS) for PM2.5 specified in § 50.7 and §...

2009-07-01

352

40 CFR Appendix S to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen (Nitrogen...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. S Appendix...Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen...

2013-07-01

353

TENDERNESS VARIATIONS AMONG BEEF STEAKS FROM CARCASSES OF THE SAME USDA QUALITY GRADE 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A total of 80 beef loin steaks were selected on the basis of tenderness differences from a population of 1,005 steaks from carcasses of known USDA grade (US Choice-A maturity, n=20; US Choice-B maturity, n=10; US Good--A maturity, n=20; US Good-B maturity, n=10; US Commercial-C maturity, n=20). Among steaks from US Choice--A maturity carcasses, the most tender steaks had

G. W. Davis; G. C. Smith; Z. L. Carl; T. R. Dutson

2010-01-01

354

Assessing Quality of Data Standards: Framework and Illustration Using XBRL GAAP Taxonomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary purpose of data standards or metadata schemas is to improve the interoperability of data created by multiple standard users. Given the high cost of developing data standards, it is desirable to assess the quality of data standards. We develop a set of metrics and a framework for assessing data standard quality. The metrics include completeness and relevancy. Standard quality can also be indirectly measured by assessing interoperability of data instances. We evaluate the framework using data from the financial sector: the XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) taxonomy and US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings produced using the taxonomy by approximately 500 companies. The results show that the framework is useful and effective. Our analysis also reveals quality issues of the GAAP taxonomy and provides useful feedback to taxonomy users. The SEC has mandated that all publicly listed companies must submit their filings using XBRL. Our findings are timely and have practical implications that will ultimately help improve the quality of financial data.

Zhu, Hongwei; Wu, Harris

355

The Impact of Minimum Quality Standards on Firm Entry, Exit and Product Quality: The Case of the Child Care Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the impact of minimum quality standards on the supply side of the child care market, using a unique panel data set merged from the Census of Services Industries, state regulation data, and administrative accreditation records from the National Association of Education for Young Children. We control for state-specific and time-specific fixed effects in order to mitigate the biases

V. Joseph Hotz; Mo Xiao

2005-01-01

356

DATA STANDARDS ARE BACK SEAT DRIVERS! METHODOLOGY FOR INCORPORATING INFORMATION QUALITY INTO QUALITY ASSURANCE PROJECT PLANS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance project plans for environmental data collections consider user requirements for the measurements and express these in the form of data quality objectives. User requirements now may include capture of measurements and associated information in prescribed formats to facilitate entry into computerized informationsystems. Establishing ahead of time that the data requirements may be an important back seat driver for

Lora Johnson; Jeffrey C. Worthington

2000-01-01

357

Implications of changing PM10 Air Quality Standards on Pacific Northwest communities affected by windblown dust  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently reviewing the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Particulate Matter. EPA is considering the recommendation to change both the form and level of the PM10 (particulate matter ?10 ?m in diameter) Standard. The implication of the recommended NAAQS for PM10 on air quality is explored in this study. Daily observations of PM10 were made at Kennewick and Spokane, WA from 2000 through 2010. The number of violations of the PM10 Standard was determined for both the current (not to exceed 150 ?g m-3 on more than one day per year) and recommended (not to exceed 65 or 85 ?g m-3 based upon the 98th percentile) Standards. The current PM10 Standard has only been violated at Kennewick. Under the recommended PM10 Standards, Kennewick would have violated the Standard at both the 65 and 85 ?g m-3 levels while Spokane would have violated the Standard at only the 65 ?g m-3 level. The results of this study suggest that the recommended NAAQS for PM10 using a level of 85 ?g m-3 will tend to result in fewer violations of the Standard and using a level of 65 ?g m-3 will tend to result in more violations of the Standard in the Inland Pacific Northwest. The Exceptional Event Rule and research on management practices to control the emission of fugitive dust will continue to be important strategies for achieving compliance with PM10 Air Quality Standards in the Inland Pacific Northwest.

Sharratt, B. S.; Edgar, R.

2011-09-01

358

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. I...Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1....

2013-07-01

359

40 CFR Appendix T to Part 50 - Interpretation of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur (Sulfur...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Sulfur...NATIONAL PRIMARY AND SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. T...of the Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of...

2013-07-01

360

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.â For...

2009-07-01

361

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.â For...

2010-07-01

362

40 CFR Appendix H to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 1-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone H Appendix H to Part...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone 1. General This...Guideline for Interpretation of Ozone Air Quality Standards.â For...

2013-07-01

363

Correlation pattern recognition: optimal parameters for quality standards control of chocolate marshmallow candy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes an in situ image recognition system designed to inspect the quality standards of the chocolate pops during their production. The essence of the recognition system is the localization of the events (i.e., defects) in the input images that affect the quality standards of pops. To this end, processing modules, based on correlation filter, and segmentation of images are employed with the objective of measuring the quality standards. Therefore, we designed the correlation filter and defined a set of features from the correlation plane. The desired values for these parameters are obtained by exploiting information about objects to be rejected in order to find the optimal discrimination capability of the system. Regarding this set of features, the pop can be correctly classified. The efficacy of the system has been tested thoroughly under laboratory conditions using at least 50 images, containing 3 different types of possible defects.

Flores, Jorge L.; García-Torales, G.; Ponce Ávila, Cristina

2006-09-01

364

Integration of occupational health and safety, environmental and quality management system standards.  

PubMed

Occupational health and safety, environmental, and quality (SEQ) issues are commonly managed by three separate departments within organizations. Because of a number of commonalities in the three management systems, there could be a degree of overlap that might lead to inefficiencies. By integrating these three management systems into one SEQ system, the duplication of effort could be minimized and the health and safety, environmental, and quality issues could be managed by one common proactive approach. The draft Australian standard for an occupational health and safety (OHS) management system and the internationally accepted standards for environmental (ISO 14001) and quality (ISO 9001) management systems were analyzed to identify all requirements of the three management systems and integrate this into one SEQ management system standard. PMID:9436237

Stromsvag, A; Winder, C

365

7 CFR 51.1440 - Application of standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...States Standards for Grades of Shelled Pecans Application of Standards § 51.1440...standards. The grade of a lot of shelled pecans shall be determined on the basis of...container or number of containers in which the pecans are obviously of a quality or size...

2009-01-01

366

School Quality, Achievement Bias, and Dropout Behavior in Egypt. Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) Working Paper No. 107.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper demonstrates the analytical importance of employing output-based measures of school quality. The empirical analysis employs data collected in a longitudinal survey of primary school students in Egypt during 2 academic years, 1978-79 and 1979-80. School quality and grade completion are shown to be directly linked, leading to very…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Lavy, Victor

367

Potential effects on energy industries of the proposed water-quality standards regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed revisions to the existing water-quality standards regulation that provide increased flexibility to the states in focusing on priority water bodies, in establishing site-specific water quality criteria, in judging use attainability (including the use of a benefit-cost assessment), and in changing designated uses. The potential for effects on energy facilities was examined in

1983-01-01

368

Safety implications of standardized continuous quality improvement programs in community pharmacy.  

PubMed

Standardized continuous quality improvement (CQI) programs combine Web-based technologies and standardized improvement processes, tools, and expectations to enable quality-related events (QREs) occurring in individual pharmacies to be shared with pharmacies in other jurisdictions. Because standardized CQI programs are still new to community pharmacy, little is known about how they impact medication safety. This research identifies key aspects of medication safety that change as a result of implementing a standardized CQI program. Fifty-three community pharmacies in Nova Scotia, Canada, adopted the SafetyNET-Rx standardized CQI program in April 2010. The Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) Canada's Medication Safety Self-Assessment (MSSA) survey was administered to these pharmacies before and 1 year into their use of the SafetyNET-Rx program. The nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to explore where changes in patient safety occurred as a result of SafetyNETRx use. Significant improvements occurred with quality processes and risk management, staff competence, and education, and communication of drug orders and other information. Patient education, environmental factors, and the use of devices did not show statistically significant changes. As CQI programs are designed to share learning from QREs, it is reassuring to see that the largest improvements are related to quality processes, risk management, staff competence, and education. PMID:22842505

Boyle, Todd A; Ho, Certina; Mackinnon, Neil J; Mahaffey, Thomas; Taylor, Jeffrey M

2012-07-25

369

Impacts of deer herbivory and visual grading on the early performance of high-quality oak planting stock in Tennessee, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of outplanted high-quality 1-0 northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.) seedlings, growth differences between two categories of visually graded seedlings and herbivory by white-tail deer (Odocoileus virginianus (Boddaert)) were examined after two growing seasons. Seedlings were planted in plots receiving three overstory treatments (high grade, commercial clearcut, and two age) and an uncut control on productive sites of

Christopher M. Oswalt; Wayne K. Clatterbuck; Allan E. Houston

2006-01-01

370

Parent Involvement as a Predictor of Teacher–Child Relationship Quality in Third Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Research on teacher–child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these two lines of research by assessing the extent

Amanda J. Wyrick; Kathleen Moritz Rudasill

2009-01-01

371

Air Quality and Pollution. Environmental Studies. 4 Color Transparencies, Reproducibles & Teaching Guide. Grade 3, 4, 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The world is faced with a variety of environmental problems. No country has escaped pollution and resource depletion. Basic ecological principles are often ignored and sometimes this contributes to ecological disasters. This volume is designed to provide basic information about the quality of the earth's atmosphere. The visual aids, worksheets,…

Ortleb, Edward P.; And Others

372

Development of automated inspection technology for quality grading of pickling cucumbers  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Pickling cucumbers are susceptible to external and internal damage during growth, harvest, transport, and postharvest handling. It is estimated that approximately 5-10% of harvested pickling cucumbers fall into the defect category. Pickling cucumber quality defect can occur in the form of soft or wa...

373

Water Quality and Pollution. Environmental Studies. 4 Color Transparencies, Reproducibles & Teaching Guide. Grade 3, 4, 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The world is faced with a variety of environmental problems. No country has escaped pollution and resource depletion. Basic ecological principles are often ignored and sometimes this contributes to ecological disasters. This volume is designed to provide basic information about the quality of the earth's water resources. The visual aids,…

Ortleb, Edward P.; And Others

374

Economic impact of proposed boron water quality standard for Wood River, R76-18  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report proposes a petition which would exempt a 0.9 mile section of Wood River above its confluence with the Mississippi and a few hundred feet of an unnamed tributary from the current 1.0 mg\\/l boron water quality standard. This would establish a 25 mg\\/l standard for that designated reach of stream. The Illinois Power Company, whose ash pond discharge

C. B. Muchmore; W. S. OBrien

1977-01-01

375

Setting microbiological water quality standards for sea bathing ? a critical evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The World Health Organization (WHO) recently produced,draft guidelines for safe recreational water environments. The microbiological standards proposed in the guidelines are expected to over- estimate the degree of water quality required to provide given levels of public health protection. The WHO standards were obtained by means,of a risk assessment,which featured a dose-response,model derived from a series of randomised,controlled trials.

M. a. Mugglestone; E. d. Stutt; L. Rushton

376

Low Grade Gliomas in Eloquent Locations - Implications for Surgical Strategy, Survival and Long Term Quality of Life  

PubMed Central

Background Surgical management of suspected LGG remains controversial. A key factor when deciding a surgical strategy is often the tumors’ perceived relationship to eloquent brain regions Objective To study the association between tumor location, survival and long-term health related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with supratentorial low-grade gliomas (LGG). Methods Adults (?18 years) operated due to newly diagnosed LGG from 1998 through 2009 included from two Norwegian university hospitals. After review of initial histopathology, 153 adults with supratentorial WHO grade II LGG were included in the study. Tumors’ anatomical location and the relationship to eloquent regions were graded. Survival analysis was adjusted for known prognostic factors and the initial surgical procedure (biopsy or resection). In long-term survivors, HRQL was assessed with disease specific questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and BN20) as well as a generic questionnaire (EuroQol 5D). Results There was a significant association between eloquence and survival (log-rank, p<0.001). The estimated 5-year survival was 77% in non-eloquent tumors, 71% in intermediate located tumors and 54% in eloquent tumors. In the adjusted analysis the hazard ratio of increasing eloquence was 1.5 (95% CI 1.1–2.0, p?=?0.022). There were no differences in HRQL between patients with eloquent and non-eloquent tumors. The most frequent self-reported symptoms were related to fatigue, cognition, and future uncertainty. Conclusion Eloquently located LGGs are associated with impaired survival compared to non-eloquently located LGG, but in long-term survivors HRQL is similar. Although causal inference from observational data should be done with caution, the findings illuminate the delicate balance in surgical decision making in LGGs, and add support to the probable survival benefits of aggressive surgical strategies, perhaps also in eloquent locations.

Jakola, Asgeir S.; Unsgard, Geirmund; Myrmel, Kristin S.; Kloster, Roar; Torp, Sverre H.; Lindal, Sigurd; Solheim, Ole

2012-01-01

377

From Hard to Soft News Standards?How Political Journalists in Different Media Systems Evaluate the Shifting Quality of News  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent surveys of American journalists highlight a growing uneasiness regarding professional roles and quality standards. Similar concerns are also reflected in the data of a recent survey of leading Austrian political journalists. To find out whether the quality standards actually changed and how American journalists as well as—from a comparative perspective—Austrian political journalists evaluate the quality development of journalism, explorative

Fritz Plasser

2005-01-01

378

Production of Standards and Reagents for the Quality Control of Medicines. Technical Report: Establishment of Secondary Reference Substances for Pharmaceutical Quality Control in Viet Nam.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In order to strengthen the Standards section at the National Institute of Drug Quality Control, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization engaged a consultant to visit the National Institute of Drug Quality Control in Hanoi, Vietnam. During S...

M. Westermark

1990-01-01

379

[Weight parameters of water quality impact and risk grade determination of water environmental sensitive spots in Jiashan].  

PubMed

For the safety of the water environment in Jiashan county in Zhejiang Province, one-dimensional hydrodynamic and water quality models are established based on three large-scale monitoring of hydrology and water quality in Jiashan county, three water environmental sensitive spots including Hongqitang dam Chijia hydrological station and Luxie pond are selected to investigate weight parameters of water quality impact and risk grade determination. Results indicate as follows (1) Internal pollution impact in Jiashan areas was greater than the external, the average weight parameters of internal chemical oxygen demand (COD) pollution is 55.3%, internal ammonia nitrogen (NH(4+)-N) is 67.4%, internal total phosphor (TP) is 63.1%. Non-point pollution impact in Jiashan areas was greater than point pollution impact, the average weight parameters of non-point COD pollutions is 53.7%, non-point NH(4+)-N is 65.9%, non-point TP is 57.8%. (2) The risk of Hongqitang dam and Chijia hydrological station are in the middle risk. The risk of Luxie pond is also in the middle risk in August, and in April and December the risk of Luxie pond is low. The strategic decision will be suggested to guarantee water environment security and social and economic security in the study. PMID:23002597

Xie, Rong-Rong; Pang, Yong; Zhang, Qian; Chen, Ke; Sun, Ming-Yuan

2012-07-01

380

A Direct sensitivity approach to predict hourly ozone resulting from compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standard  

EPA Science Inventory

In setting primary ambient air quality standards, the EPAâ??s responsibility under the law is to establish standards that protect public health. As part of the current review of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), the US EPA evaluated the health exposure and ...

381

The hazardous priority substances in Italy: National rules and environmental quality standard in marine environment  

SciTech Connect

Article number 16 of the Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/EC) lays down the community strategy for establishment of harmonised quality standards for the priority substances and other substances posing a significant risk to the aquatic environment. In order to achieve the protection objectives of the Directive 2000/60/EC, the Italian Ministry of the Environment proposed the quality standards for surface water, sediments and biota related to the priority substances listed in the decision No. 2455/2001/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of November 20 (2001) [Decision N. 2455/2001/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2001. The list of priority substances in the field of water policy and amending Directive 2000/60/EC. Official Journal of the European Communities, 15.12.2001, p. 5]. Particularly, for the protection of the marine environment, the proposed Italian rules state that, from 1 January 2021, the concentrations of the hazardous priority substances in Italian marine and lagoon waters must be near the natural background for natural substances, like metals, and near zero for the anthropogenic one. According to Directive 2000/60/EC, the Italian Ministry of Environment issued in 2003 Decree 367 in which has derived 160 Environmental Quality Standard (EQS) for water and 27 Environmental Quality Objective (EQO) for sediment of marine coastal area, lagoons and coastal ponds. Biota quality standards have still to be fixed. The paper illustrates the criteria applied for the definition of the quality standards and some comments are presented.

Maggi, Chiara [ICRAM - Central Institute for Marine Research, Via di Casalotti, 300 Roma 00166 (Italy)], E-mail: c.maggi@icram.org; Onorati, Fulvio [ICRAM - Central Institute for Marine Research, Via di Casalotti, 300 Roma 00166 (Italy)], E-mail: f.onorati@icram.org; Lamberti, Claudia Virno [ICRAM - Central Institute for Marine Research, Via di Casalotti, 300 Roma 00166 (Italy)], E-mail: c.virno@icram.org; Cicero, Anna Maria [ICRAM - Central Institute for Marine Research, Via di Casalotti, 300 Roma 00166 (Italy)], E-mail: am.cicero@icram.org

2008-01-15

382

Grading of Potato Chips According to Their Sensory Quality Determined by Color  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potato chips were classified in quality categories according to their color after frying at oil temperatures (120, 140, 160,\\u000a and 180?±?1 °C) and undergoing some pre-treatments (control or unblanching, blanching, and blanching plus drying). For each\\u000a oil temperature, six time intervals were considered since the beginning of the frying process until the corresponding time\\u000a at which potato slices reached a moisture

Franco Pedreschi; Andrea Bunger; Olivier Skurtys; Paula Allen; Ximena Rojas

383

Paying for grades: Impact of merit-based financial aid on educational quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to education reform efforts that target teachers and schools, merit-based financial aid for college increases the incentives for high school students and their families to directly affect the quality of education by investing more time and effort in schoolwork. Large-scale merit-based aid programs, such as Georgia's HOPE Scholarship, seek to improve education by encouraging students to meet higher

Gary T. Henry; Ross Rubenstein

2002-01-01

384

Nutrients, Water Temperature, and Dissolved Oxygen: Are Water Quality Standards Achievable for Forest Streams?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water quality standards provide a performance measure for watershed managers. Three of the most important standards for rivers and streams are the key nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus; water temperature; and dissolved oxygen. The concentration of nitrogen and phosphorus in waterbodies affects primary production and productivity. Too little nutrients and streams are sterile and unproductive. Too much and they are eutrophic. Water temperature is important because it influences chemical reaction rates in streams and metabolic rates in fish. Dissolved oxygen is necessary for respiration. Salmon, the focus of much of the conservation efforts in the Northwest, are known as organisms that require cool, highly oxygenated water to thrive. Still, it is important when setting a performance standard to determine if those standards are achievable. A survey of nutrient data for small forested streams has found that the ecoregion guidelines proposed by EPA are often unachievable, sometimes even for small, unmanaged reference watersheds. A pilot survey of water temperatures in Oregon wilderness areas and least impaired watersheds has found temperatures frequently exceed the state standards. While natural temperature exceedances are addressed in the water quality standards for Oregon for unmanaged watersheds, these temperatures for managed watersheds might be presumed to result from management activities, precipitating an expensive Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) assessment. Less is known about dissolved oxygen for small forest streams because work 20 years ago showed little risk of significant dissolved oxygen concentrations where shade was maintained near the stream and fine slash was kept out of the stream. However, work from the 1970's on intergravel dissolved oxygen also shows that stream with greater large woody debris (LWD) can have lower intergravel dissolved oxygen concentrations, presumably due to trapping of fine organic and inorganic materials. Efforts to add LWD to streams could potentially depress intergravel dissolved oxygen. To avoid making inappropriate decisions based on these performance standards, watershed managers need to understand expected water quality patterns based on the physical, chemical, and biological factors that influence water quality.

Ice, G. G.

2002-12-01

385

FSM National Standardized Tests of National Curriculum Minimum Standards: Spring 1995 Results, Sixth, Eighth, and Tenth Grade Language Arts and Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development of national minimum educational standards for the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) began in 1988 with the deliberations of a national task force that created performance expectations in a number of subjects. In 1988 the development of nationally standardized tests reflecting these standards began. This document presents the…

Spencer, Mary L.

386

Quality Standards for Food Products - A Particular Burden for Small Producers in Developing Countries?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops an analytical framework which structures the problem of whether, how and to what extent small producers in developing countries are disadvantaged by the increasing prevalence of food quality standards. Based on a literature review, the empirical evidence is structured and research gaps are identified. The paper finds that small and medium producers rarely comply without support from

Christine Chemnitz; Harald Grethe; Ulrich Kleinwechter

2007-01-01

387

Ozone flux to vegetation and its relationship to plant response and ambient air quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ozone is based on occurrences of the maximum 8h average ambient ozone concentration. However, biologists have recommended a cumulative ozone exposure parameter to protect vegetation. In this paper we propose a third alternative which uses quantifiable flux-based numerical parameters as a replacement for cumulative ambient parameters. Herein we discuss the concept of

Robert C. Musselman; William J. Massman

1998-01-01

388

Water intended for human consumption — Part I: Compliance with European water quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the European Union Directives enacted on water management and environmental protection, Directive 98\\/83\\/EC defines the mandatory quality standards for water intended for human consumption in order to protect human health. The implementation of this Directive has often encountered delays due to the following: the exact mechanisms for monitoring and enforcement have not yet been fully identified, several EU countries

Paolo Roccaro; Giuseppe Mancini; Federico G. A. Vagliasindi

2005-01-01

389

Action for Environmental Quality. Standards and Enforcement for Air and Water Pollution Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for setting and enforcing environmental quality standards for the nation. With the Clean Air Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-604) and the Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (P.L. 92-500), the first truly nationwide control programs were established. This booklet is designed to inform the public…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

390

Predicting the Frequency of Water Quality Standard Violations Using Bayesian Calibration of Eutrophication Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The water quality standard setting process usually relies on mathematical models with strong mechanistic basis, as this provides assurance that the model will more realistically project the effects of alternative management schemes. From an operational standpoint, the interpretation of model results should be coupled with rigorous error analysis and explicit consideration of the predictive uncertainty and natural variability. In this

Weitao Zhang; George B. Arhonditsis

2008-01-01

391

Validation trial of Japan's zinc water quality standard for aquatic life using field data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to validate Japan's zinc water quality standard for aquatic life (algae and benthic invertebrates) based on field survey data. The effects of zinc on aquatic life, especially algae and benthic invertebrates, were investigated mainly in water areas with upstream basins that contain mines. Seven biological indicators (number of cells or individuals, number of taxa, number of EPT

Kanae Matsuzaki

2011-01-01

392

Some properties of the geometric mean and its use in water quality standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The geometric mean is often used to express acceptable levels of fecal coliform counts in federal and state water quality criteria or standards. The expected value of the geometric mean is shown to be a function of the sample size and to be very sensitive to the skew as well as to the form of the underlying distribution function. Implications

Jurate Maciunas Landwehr

1978-01-01

393

Biological Assessment of the Revised Oregon Water Quality Standards for Dissolved Oxygen, Temperature, and PH.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 303 of the Clean Water Act (CWA) requires States to adopt Water Quality Standards (WQS) to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation's waters. WQS consists of beneficial uses (i.e. salmonid fish spawning, ...

1998-01-01

394

Polish Soil Quality Standards Versus Risk-Based Soil Screening Levels for Metals and Arsenic  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of the study was derivation of risk-based soil screening levels (RBSSLs) under two basic exposure scenarios - industrial and residential, and their comparison with the relevant soil quality standards (SQSs), applied in Poland as remedial targets. The RBSSLs were derived from standardised sets of equations that are based on the recently updated U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's human

Eleonora Wcis?o

2012-01-01

395

STANDARDS OF QUALITY FOR TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN PARKS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF THE BLUE RIDGE PARKWARY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crowding and carrying capacity are perennial and increasingly important issues in parks and outdoor recreation. Contemporary park and outdoor recreation management frameworks, including Limits of Acceptable Change and Visitor Experience and Resource Protection, rely on indicators and standards of quality to help manage these issues. One of the ways in which crowding can be manifested in the developed portions of

William Valliere; Robert Manning; Steven Lawson; James Bacon

396

Historical review on development of environmental quality standards and guideline values for air pollutants in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental quality standards (EQSs) have been established as desirable levels to be maintained for protection of human health and the conservation of the living environment by Basic Environment Law. EQSs in ambient air had been set for 10 substances (sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), suspended particulate matter (SPM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and photochemical oxidants (Ox), benzene, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene, dioxins

Toshihiro Kawamoto; Thi-Thu-Phuong Pham; Takayuki Matsuda; Tsunehiro Oyama; Masayuki Tanaka; Hsu-Sheng Yu; Iwao Uchiyama

2011-01-01

397

ATTAINMENT AND EFFECTS ISSUES REGARDING ALTERNATIVE SECONDARY OZONE AIR QUALITY STANDARDS  

EPA Science Inventory

The present secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for O3, established in 1979, is based on limited information from a few field studies on vegetation and may not be protective of crop damage due to O3 alone or in combination with other pollutants. onsiderable in...

398

ALTERNATIVE AIR QUALITY INDICATORS FOR A SECONDARY FEDERAL STANDARD FOR OZONE  

EPA Science Inventory

The present secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for ozone, established in 1979, was based on limited information from a few field studies on vegetation and may not be protective of crop damage due to ozone, alone or in combination with other pollutants. onside...

399

Small scale biomass heating systems: Standards, quality labelling and market driving factors – An EU outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study a comparative evaluation of several existing quality labels and standards for small scale biomass heating systems (BHS) and the biomass fuels they use was performed. With the introduction of pellet fuels, biomass heating technology achieved enough maturity to successfully compete with oil\\/gas heating devices in terms of ease of use, utilization of energy and pollutant emissions.From

V. K. Verma; S. Bram; J. De Ruyck

2009-01-01

400

Upgrading Vienna's wastewater treatment plant - linking point source emissions to Environmental Quality Standards.  

PubMed

The new water quality protection approach of the EU combines the control of emissions with instream Environmental Quality Standards (=EQS). Since 1 April 2006 and actually relevant in the version of 2010 in Austria, priority substances from list A of the EUROPEAN DIERECTIVE 76/464 and further EQS of relevant chemical substances (list B), identified by a national risk assessment, have to be reached to achieve a good ecological state in the surface water (Edict for Water Quality Standards, 2006; changes to the Edict for Water Quality Standards 2010). The practical assessment of these substances after point source emissions is prescribed in the Edict, but rarely carried out. In this paper, two substances, namely: (1) ammonium (list B); and (2) nonylphenol, an endocrine disrupting compound (list A) are presented to discuss: (i) the improvement of treatment efficiency due to the upgrade of a large Waste Water Treatment Plant (=WWTP); (ii) the relevance of mixing processes and modelling as a method to control EQS after point source emissions; and (iii) the improvement of water quality in the ambient surface waters. It is shown that the improved treatment in the case of nonylphenol leads to emission values which fall below the EQS, making an assessment unnecessary. In the case of ammonium emission, values are significantly reduced and violation of EQS is avoided, while mixing modelling is shown to be a suitable instrument to address the resulting instream concentrations at different border conditions. PMID:22437028

Gabriel, Oliver; Ruzicka, Katerina; Kreuzinger, Norbert

2012-01-01

401

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limitsâ Test...

2010-01-01

402

7 CFR 810.1004 - Grades and grade requirements for oats.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for oats. 810.1004 Section 810.1004 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Principles Governing the Application...1004 Grades and grade requirements for oats. Grade Minimum limitsâ Test...

2009-01-01

403

7 CFR 810.404 - Grades and grade requirements for corn.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Grades and grade requirements for corn. 810.404 Section 810.404 Agriculture...FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Principles Governing the Application...404 Grades and grade requirements for corn. Grade Minimum test weight per...

2013-01-01

404

7 CFR 810.1005 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements § 810...grades and special grade requirements. (a) Bleached oats. Oats that in whole or in part, have been treated with...

2009-01-01

405

7 CFR 810.1005 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Oats Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements § 810...grades and special grade requirements. (a) Bleached oats. Oats that in whole or in part, have been treated with...

2010-01-01

406

7 CFR 810.804 - Grades and grade requirements for mixed grain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Mixed Grain Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.804 Grades and grade requirements for...

2009-01-01

407

7 CFR 810.804 - Grades and grade requirements for mixed grain.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION (FEDERAL GRAIN INSPECTION SERVICE), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Mixed Grain Grades and Grade Requirements § 810.804 Grades and grade requirements for...

2010-01-01

408

7 CFR 810.305 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements...Special grades and special grade requirements. Garlicky canola. Canola that contains more than two green garlic...

2010-01-01

409

7 CFR 810.305 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements...Special grades and special grade requirements. Garlicky canola. Canola that contains more than two green garlic...

2009-01-01

410

7 CFR 810.305 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Canola-Terms Defined Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements...Special grades and special grade requirements. Garlicky canola. Canola that contains more than two green garlic...

2013-01-01

411

7 CFR 810.405 - Special grades and special grade requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN United States Standards for Corn Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements § 810...Special grades and special grade requirements. (a) Flint corn. Corn that consists of 95 percent or more of flint corn....

2013-01-01

412

An image quality comparison of standard and dual-side read CR systems for pediatric radiology.  

PubMed

An objective analysis of image quality parameters was performed for a computed radiography (CR) system using both standard single-side and prototype dual-side read plates. The pre-sampled modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum (NPS), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) for the systems were determined at three different beam qualities representative of pediatric chest radiography, at an entrance detector air kerma of 5 microGy. The NPS and DQE measurements were realized under clinically relevant x-ray spectra for pediatric radiology, including x-ray scatter radiations. Compared to the standard single-side read system, the MTF for the dual-side read system is reduced, but this is offset by a significant decrease in image noise, resulting in a marked increase in DQE (+40%) in the low spatial frequency range. Thus, for the same image quality, the new technology permits the CR system to be used at a reduced dose level. PMID:16532949

Monnin, P; Holzer, Z; Wolf, R; Neitzel, U; Vock, P; Gudinchet, F; Verdun, F R

2006-02-01

413

An image quality comparison of standard and dual-side read CR systems for pediatric radiology  

SciTech Connect

An objective analysis of image quality parameters was performed for a computed radiography (CR) system using both standard single-side and prototype dual-side read plates. The pre-sampled modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum (NPS), and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) for the systems were determined at three different beam qualities representative of pediatric chest radiography, at an entrance detector air kerma of 5 {mu}Gy. The NPS and DQE measurements were realized under clinically relevant x-ray spectra for pediatric radiology, including x-ray scatter radiations. Compared to the standard single-side read system, the MTF for the dual-side read system is reduced, but this is offset by a significant decrease in image noise, resulting in a marked increase in DQE (+40%) in the low spatial frequency range. Thus, for the same image quality, the new technology permits the CR system to be used at a reduced dose level.

Monnin, P.; Holzer, Z.; Wolf, R.; Neitzel, U.; Vock, P.; Gudinchet, F.; Verdun, F.R. [University Institute for Applied Radiophysics (IRA), 1007 Lausanne (Switzerland); Institute for Paediatric Radiology-University Hospital of Bern (Inselspital), 3010 Bern (Switzerland); Philips Medical Systems DMC GmbH, 22335 Hamburg (Germany); Institute for Paediatric Radiology-University Hospital of Bern (Inselspital), 3010 Bern (Switzerland); University Hospital Center (CHUV), 1011 Lausanne (Switzerland); University Institute for Applied Radiophysics (IRA), 1007 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2006-02-15

414

The Primary Care Respiratory Society-UK Quality Award: development and piloting of quality standards for primary care respiratory medicine.  

PubMed

In an attempt to improve the standards of primary respiratory care in the UK, the Primary Care Respiratory Society-UK (PCRS-UK), in conjunction with other leading respiratory-interested health professional and patient groups, has devised a General Practice Quality Award for Respiratory Medicine. The Award is divided into three modules separated into a total of seven clinical standards (in parentheses): 'Clinical' (prevention, early and accurate diagnosis, acute care, chronic care); 'Organisational' (equipment); and 'The Practice Team' (practice learning needs, educational strategy). Assessment is by submission of a written portfolio of 37 pieces of evidence including audit, reflective learning, patient feedback, and significant event analyses. The Award was piloted in five respiratory-interested practices across the UK. The practices reported improvements in practice organisation, practice teamwork, improved process measures such as improvement in quality of spirometry, and improved patient access to patient services. All practices in the UK are being invited to apply for the Award in 2013. It is hoped that it will provide a framework and stimulus for provision of high-quality primary respiratory care, not only in the UK, but also some aspects of the Award may be applicable on a wider international scale. PMID:23974675

Gruffydd-Jones, Kevin; Small, Iain; Fletcher, Monica; Bryant, Tricia

2013-09-01

415

Systems for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations I: Critical appraisal of existing approaches The GRADE Working Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A number of approaches have been used to grade levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The use of many different approaches detracts from one of the main reasons for having explicit approaches: to concisely characterise and communicate this information so that it can easily be understood and thereby help people make well-informed decisions. Our objective was to

David Atkins; Martin Eccles; Signe Flottorp; Gordon H Guyatt; David Henry; Suzanne Hill; Alessandro Liberati; Dianne O'Connell; Andrew D Oxman; Bob Phillips; Holger Schünemann; Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer; Gunn E Vist; John W Williams

2004-01-01

416

Relating road salt to exceedances of the water quality standard for chloride in New Hampshire streams.  

PubMed

Six watersheds in New Hampshire were studied to determine the effects of road salt on stream water quality. Specific conductance in streams was monitored every 15 min for one year using dataloggers. Chloride concentrations were calculated from specific conductance using empirical relationships. Stream chloride concentrations were directly correlated with development in the watersheds and were inversely related to streamflow. Exceedances of the EPA water quality standard for chloride were detected in the four watersheds with the most development. The number of exceedances during a year was linearly related to the annual average concentration of chloride. Exceedances of the water quality standard were not predicted for streams with annual average concentrations less than 102 mg L(-1). Chloride was imported into three of the watersheds at rates ranging from 45 to 98 Mg Cl km(-2) yr(-1). Ninety-one percent of the chloride imported was road salt for deicing roadways and parking lots. A simple, mass balance equation was shown to predict annual average chloride concentrations from streamflow and chloride import rates to the watershed. This equation, combined with the apparent threshold for exceedances of the water quality standard, can be used for screening-level TMDLs for road salt in impaired watersheds. PMID:20545352

Trowbridge, Philip R; Kahl, J Steve; Sassan, Dari A; Heath, Douglas L; Walsh, Edward M

2010-07-01

417

Systems for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations I: Critical appraisal of existing approaches The GRADE Working Group  

PubMed Central

Background A number of approaches have been used to grade levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. The use of many different approaches detracts from one of the main reasons for having explicit approaches: to concisely characterise and communicate this information so that it can easily be understood and thereby help people make well-informed decisions. Our objective was to critically appraise six prominent systems for grading levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations as a basis for agreeing on characteristics of a common, sensible approach to grading levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations. Methods Six prominent systems for grading levels of evidence and strength of recommendations were selected and someone familiar with each system prepared a description of each of these. Twelve assessors independently evaluated each system based on twelve criteria to assess the sensibility of the different approaches. Systems used by 51 organisations were compared with these six approaches. Results There was poor agreement about the sensibility of the six systems. Only one of the systems was suitable for all four types of questions we considered (effectiveness, harm, diagnosis and prognosis). None of the systems was considered usable for all of the target groups we considered (professionals, patients and policy makers). The raters found low reproducibility of judgements made using all six systems. Systems used by 51 organisations that sponsor clinical practice guidelines included a number of minor variations of the six systems that we critically appraised. Conclusions All of the currently used approaches to grading levels of evidence and the strength of recommendations have important shortcomings.

Atkins, David; Eccles, Martin; Flottorp, Signe; Guyatt, Gordon H; Henry, David; Hill, Suzanne; Liberati, Alessandro; O'Connell, Dianne; Oxman, Andrew D; Phillips, Bob; Schunemann, Holger; Edejer, Tessa Tan-Torres; Vist, Gunn E; Williams, John W

2004-01-01

418

7 CFR 980.501 - Safeguard procedures for potatoes, onions, and tomatoes exempt from grade, size, quality, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Safeguard procedures for potatoes, onions, and tomatoes exempt from grade, size... Safeguard procedures for potatoes, onions, and tomatoes exempt from grade, size...person who imports: (1) Potatoes, onions or tomatoes for consumption by...

2013-01-01

419

Meta-narrative and realist reviews: guidance, rules, publication standards and quality appraisal.  

PubMed

Recently, there has been an expansion of different forms of systematic review of research and the development of guidance and standards about particular types of review. These reviews can be best understood within a broad framework of the dimensions on which reviews differ, and how the review methodology relates to the methodology of primary research. Similarly, publication standards can be understood in terms of their relation to other standards such as guidance and rules for undertaking reviews and systems for appraising the quality of reviews. This commentary is written with special reference to the publication standards for meta-narrative and realist reviews being published in BMC Medicine.See related research articles http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/20 and http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/21. PMID:23360691

Gough, David

2013-01-29

420

Meta-narrative and realist reviews: guidance, rules, publication standards and quality appraisal  

PubMed Central

Recently, there has been an expansion of different forms of systematic review of research and the development of guidance and standards about particular types of review. These reviews can be best understood within a broad framework of the dimensions on which reviews differ, and how the review methodology relates to the methodology of primary research. Similarly, publication standards can be understood in terms of their relation to other standards such as guidance and rules for undertaking reviews and systems for appraising the quality of reviews. This commentary is written with special reference to the publication standards for meta-narrative and realist reviews being published in BMC Medicine. See related research articles http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/20 and http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/21

2013-01-01

421

Automatic quality control of digitally reconstructed radiograph computation and comparison with standard methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conformal radiotherapy helps to deliver an accurate and effective cancer treatment by exactly targeting the tumor. In this purpose, softwares of the treatment planning system (TPS) compute every geometric parameters of the treatment. It is essential to control the quality of them because the TPS performances are directly connected with the precision on the treated region. The standard method to control them is to use physical test objects (PTOs).1, 2 The use of PTOs introduces uncertainties in the quality assessment because of the CT scan. Another method to assess the quality of these softwares is to use digital test objects (DTOs).3-5 DTOs are exactly known in a continuous and a discrete way. Thus the assessment of the TPS quality can be more accurate and faster. The fact that the DTO characteristics are well known allows to calculate a theoretical result. The comparison of the TPS and this theoretical results leads to a quantitative assessment of the TPS softwares quality. This work presents the control of major quality criteria of digitally reconstructed radiograph (DRR) computation: ray divergence, ray incidence and spatial resolution. Fully automated methods to control these points have been developed. The same criteria have been tested with PTO and the quality assessments by the two methods have been compared. The DTO methods appeared to be much more accurate because computable.

Denis, Eloïse; Beaumont, Stéphane; Guédon, JeanPierre; Normand, Nicolas; Torfeh, Tarraf

2007-03-01

422

Production of Standards and Reagents for the Quality Control of Medicines. Technical Report: Production of Standards Antibiotics and Other Reference Substance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To improve production and quality of reference and standard substances the equipments and raw materials available has been taken into account in order to purify 8 substances. All substances produced were submitted qualification tests according to the inte...

F. Marffy

1990-01-01

423

An Examination of the Quality of Literacy Skill Assessments across Levels of Second-Grade, Spanish-Speaking, English-Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study examined the quality of the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) across a sample of second-grade English Language (EL) learners with varying degrees of English proficiency (e.g., students with beginning, early intermediate, intermediate, early advanced, and advanced levels). DIBELS Oral Reading Fluency…

Gutierrez, Gabriel

2010-01-01

424

Factors determining milk quality and implications for production structure under somatic cell count standard modification.  

PubMed

Consumer and processor demand for high-quality milk has placed increasing pressure on US milk producers to achieve higher product standards. International standards for somatic cell count (SCC) are becoming more stringent, but in May 2011, the United States National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments chose to retain the 750,000 cells/mL standard. Using ordinary least squares and quantile regressions on US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Resource Management Survey Dairy Costs and Returns Report data for 2005, we model producer and farm-level characteristics associated with SCC. Quantile regression analysis allows for a more parsed inquiry into statistical associations. Dairy Costs and Returns Report data provide cross-sectional information on the physical structure, input expenses, demographics, and outputs for farms in selected states. Location outside the Southeast, lower herd age, full-time farming status, use of biosecurity guidelines, good milking facilities and operations management, and application of related quality tests are all associated with lower SCC levels. Size of operation had little effect on SCC levels after controlling for other factors. Many of the operations that did not attain a more demanding SCC standard of 400,000 cells/mL had older operators, operators who expressed intention to exit within 10 yr, smaller size, and location in the Southeast when compared with those meeting the tighter standard. The results suggest that the stricter scheme favors larger farms that are more committed to production and are less likely to be sole or family proprietorships. PMID:22981577

Dong, F; Hennessy, D A; Jensen, H H

2012-09-12

425

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2010-07-01

426

40 CFR Appendix I to Part 50 - Interpretation of the 8-Hour Primary and Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone I Appendix I to Part...10 are met at an ambient ozone air quality monitoring site. Ozone...The primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are met at...

2009-07-01

427

Evaluation of thermal cameras in quality systems according to ISO 9000 or EN 45000 standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the international standards ISO 9001-9004 and EN 45001-45003 the industrial plants and the accreditation laboratories that implemented the quality systems according to these standards are required to evaluate an uncertainty of measurements. Manufacturers of thermal cameras do not offer any data that could enable estimation of measurement uncertainty of these imagers. Difficulties in determining the measurement uncertainty is an important limitation of thermal cameras for applications in the industrial plants and the cooperating accreditation laboratories that have implemented these quality systems. A set of parameters for characterization of commercial thermal cameras, a measuring set, some results of testing of these cameras, a mathematical model of uncertainty, and a software that enables quick calculation of uncertainty of temperature measurements with thermal cameras are presented in this paper.

Chrzanowski, Krzysztof

2001-03-01

428

High-dimensional nested analysis of variance to assess the effect of production season, quality grade and steam pasteurization on the phenolic composition of fermented rooibos herbal tea.  

PubMed

A nested analysis of variance combined with simultaneous component analysis, ASCA, was proposed to model high-dimensional chromatographic data. The data were obtained from an experiment designed to investigate the effect of production season, quality grade and post-production processing (steam pasteurization) on the phenolic content of the infusion of the popular herbal tea, rooibos, at 'cup-of-tea' strength. Specifically, a four-way analysis of variance where the experimental design involves nesting in two of the three crossed factors was considered. For the purpose of the study, batches of fermented rooibos plant material were sampled from each of four quality grades during three production seasons (2009, 2010 and 2011) and a sub-sample of each batch was steam-pasteurized. The phenolic content of each rooibos infusion was characterized by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-diode array detection (DAD). In contrast to previous studies, the complete HPLC-DAD signals were used in the chemometric analysis in order to take into account the entire phenolic profile. All factors had a significant effect on the phenolic content of a 'cup-of-tea' strength rooibos infusion. In particular, infusions prepared from the grade A (highest quality) samples contained a higher content of almost all phenolic compounds than the lower quality plant material. The variations of the content of isoorientin and orientin in the different quality grade infusions over production seasons are larger than the variations in the content of aspalathin and quercetin-3-O-robinobioside. Ferulic acid can be used as an indicator of the quality of rooibos tea as its content generally decreases with increasing tea quality. Steam pasteurization decreased the content of the majority of phenolic compounds in a 'cup-of-tea' strength rooibos infusion. PMID:24054637

Stanimirova, I; Kazura, M; de Beer, D; Joubert, E; Schulze, A E; Beelders, T; de Villiers, A; Walczak, B

2013-06-25

429

40 CFR Appendix N to Part 50 - Interpretation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for PM2.5 N Appendix N to Part 50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...SECONDARY AMBIENT AIR QUALITY STANDARDS Pt. 50, App. N Appendix N to Part 50âInterpretation of the...

2013-07-01

430

Linking Quality of Life and Standard of Living Priorities with Rates of Return in Education: Implications for Ontario's Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study begins to develop a way to measure the returns and benefits of education using a standard of living and quality of life approach. It sought identification of school priorities among senior level managers at postsecondary institutions in Ontario, Canada, and found that these administrators prioritized standard of living over quality of…

Menna, Agostino

2012-01-01

431

Component part quality assurance concerns and standards : Comparison of world-class manufacturers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide practitioners of management with a comparative analysis of how two global firms ensure quality standards in new product development\\/new product manufacturability processes and manage design changes in reduced product life cycles in the current economic recession. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The firms selected were: Newell Rubbermaid, a high-volume manufacturer with a diverse

Alan D. Smith

2011-01-01

432

Korean Water Quality Standards for the Protection of Human Health and Aquatic Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Korean water quality standards (WQS) for the protection of human health have recently been expanded. The main reason for the expansion was to address the concern of increasing hazardous pollutants in water environments. A risk-based approach was used to derive the WQS for eight toxic substances including antimony, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform 1,2-dichloroethane, dichlromethane, diethylhexylphtalate, and tetrachloroethylene. Same methodology

Youn-Joo An; Jae-Kwan Lee; Soon Cho

433

Responses of Riverine Macroinvertebrates to Zinc in Natural Streams: Implications for the Japanese Water Quality Standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a field survey in Japanese streams and rivers to generate useful information about whether the Japanese water\\u000a quality standard for zinc (Zn) in the freshwater environment (30 ?g\\/L) is over- or underprotective of the populations and\\u000a communities of lotic benthic macroinvertebrates. Many macroinvertebrate populations were reduced and community characteristics\\u000a were altered at two polluted sites with Zn concentrations above

Yuichi Iwasaki; Takashi Kagaya; Ken-ichi Miyamoto; Hiroyuki Matsuda

434

Effect of a standardized quality-improvement protocol on radiation dose in coronary computed tomographic angiography.  

PubMed

Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) is associated with ionizing radiation, prompting concerns of future cancer risk. Recent studies have reported reduced radiation doses and similar image quality by the selective use of dose reduction techniques, although the clinical penetration of these methods has been limited. In a quality improvement initiative, a comprehensive, standardized radiation dose reduction protocol was implemented, and its effect on radiation dose and image quality was assessed. A total of 449 patients who underwent 64-detector CCTA at 3 centers were prospectively evaluated, and patients were compared before (n = 247) and after (n = 202) the implementation of a standardized body mass index-based and heart rate-based protocol that simultaneously incorporated multiple dose reduction strategies. Median radiation dose decreased from 2.6 mSv (interquartile range 2.0 to 4.2) to 1.3 mSv (interquartile range 0.8 to 1.9) after the implementation of the standardized protocol (p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, reduction in overall radiation dose was observed by numerous dose reduction techniques, with varying efficacy of dose lowering: prospective (vs retrospective) electrocardiographic gating (-82%), reduced tube voltage (-41% for 100 vs 120 kV), lower tube current (-25% per -100 mA), and reduced overall scan length (-6% per -1 cm) (p < 0.001 for each). No differences were observed between patients before and after the initiation of the protocol for study interpretability (96% vs 96%, p = 0.66). There was an increase in signal-to-noise ratio after implementing the standardized protocol (11 ± 3 vs 12 ± 4, p < 0.01). In conclusion, a quality improvement protocol for CCTA incorporating multiple dose reduction techniques permits significant radiation dose reduction and may improve the safety profile of CCTA. PMID:21094371

LaBounty, Troy M; Earls, James P; Leipsic, Jonathon; Heilbron, Brett; Mancini, G B John; Lin, Fay Y; Dunning, Allison M; Min, James K

2010-10-14

435

Rewarding Quality and Innovation: Awards, Charters, and International Standards as Catalysts for Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the competitive, downsized, and mission-driven global service economy of the early 21st century, all organizations search\\u000a for models to encourage innovation, measure performance, and raise customer service quality standards. Competition for an\\u000a award can be a cost effective strategy to identify processes needing improvement, conduct self-assessments, receive objective\\u000a feedback, and motivate employees to meet higher performance goals. Numerous international,

Michael E. Milakovich

2004-01-01

436

Standard samples in the quality system for measurements in analytical chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problems of providing measurement quality in analytical chemistry using reference materials attested under primary methods\\u000a are considered in this paper. We describe a scheme of establishing the traceability of measurement results in a substance’s\\u000a chemical composition to SI units, exemplifying it by standard samples attested at FGUP URIM under a primary method—coulonometric\\u000a titration technique.

I. E. Dobrovinskii; E. V. Osintseva; G. I. Terent’ev; A. V. Skutina

2008-01-01

437

Assessing the sound quality of a grand piano for different tuning standards  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Grand pianos are tuned to a standard frequency of 440 Hz for a4. Eighty years ago, the tuning standard was lower, around 432 Hz. In Germany, a group of music lovers insists that the sound quality of a grand piano when tuned to 432 Hz is much superior to that of the same instrument when tuned to 440 Hz. Therefore, well-controlled psychoacoustic experiments were performed to check the validity of that argument. Using a Welte-Steinway reproduction grand piano of the Deutsches Museum Muenchen, with the exception of the tuning, all other features of the pieces of music used as stimuli could be kept the same. The advantage of using the Welte-Steinway lies in the fact that reproductions of the music of famous (deceased) artists are available, who at their time performed at a lower tuning standard. Recordings of the music played at 432 vs 440 Hz were made on DAT and presented to the subjects via headphones for sound quality evaluation. Psychophysical procedures like semantic differential or preference scaling by ``random access'' that have proven successful for the assessment of sound quality in the context of car interior sounds were used in the experiments.

Fastl, Hugo

2003-10-01

438

European initiative towards quality standards in education and training for discovery, development and use of medicines.  

PubMed

This position paper recommends a set of standards for quality assessment of continuing professional development (CPD) for medicines research and development (R&D). We have developed these standards to help us achieve the education and training goals of the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI; www.imi.europa.eu/), which is developing courses to address the skills gaps in European medicines R&D. The IMI shared standard for course quality will enable professionals in medicines R&D to create a personalized portfolio of education and training that best suits their needs. Individuals already working in the pharmaceutical industry will be able to select modules for study on an as-needs basis, which may be combined to gain a qualification that is recognized throughout Europe. By seeking input from the medicines R&D community, especially professional bodies involved in the career development of biomedical scientists, we hope to initiate the creation of a mutually recognized framework for lifelong learning in medicines R&D. The shared standards call for defined and transparent admission criteria, a predefined set of teaching objectives leading to defined learning outcomes, assessment of the students' achievement, a system for collecting, assessing and addressing feedback, and provision of appropriate and updated reference material. This framework will make it easier for professionals to develop the skills required by industry, and easier for employers to recognize professionals with appropriate skills. It will obviate some of the need for retraining personnel who have already developed appropriate skills in a different setting, thereby saving the industry additional effort. Fulfilment of quality standards by course providers will be made transparent within the IMI's catalogue of courses, on-course (www.on-course.eu), which will be made publicly available during 2012. PMID:22178534

Klech, Heinrich; Brooksbank, Cath; Price, Shirley; Verpillat, Patrice; Bühler, Fritz R; Dubois, Dominique; Haider, Norbert; Johnson, Claire; Lindén, Hans H; Payton, Tony; Renn, Oliver; See, Wolf

2011-12-09

439

The Compliance Decision with Food Quality Standards on Primary Producer Level; A Case Study of the EUREPGAP Standard in the Moroccan Tomato Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a trading system which is increasingly determined by food quality standards the concern exists that small producers possibilities for participation on international trade diminish. However, most concerns base on theoretical considerations and little empirical evidence exists. This paper empirically analyzes the compliance decision of Moroccan tomato producers with the EUREPGAP standard based on results of 63 interviews. By comparing

Christine Chemnitz

2007-01-01

440

A lack of standardization: the basis for the ethical issues surrounding quality and performance reports.  

PubMed

Consumers in the United States are taking advantage of the proliferation of publicly available, internet-based performance reports and quality appraisals of health plans, healthcare organizations, hospitals, and physicians to aid in their healthcare decision making. However, these appraisal practices have given rise to controversy and debate over certain distinctive ethical issues. This article advocates a standardized ethical framework to guide current and future development and implementation of performance reports. This framework, which would resolve a number of the major issues, includes the following ethical principles to guide the practice of public reporting on the Internet and facilitate enhanced quality improvement in the healthcare industry: legitimacy, data integrity and quality, transparency, informed understanding, equity, privacy and confidentiality, collaboration, accountability, and evaluation and continuous improvement. PMID:20812525

Suchy, Kirsten

441

UV-B screening by tropospheric ozone: Implications for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard  

SciTech Connect

Tropospheric ozone reduces human exposure to harmful ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation. A 10-ppb decrease in seasonal average concentrations of ozone (about 20%) is estimated to lead to increases in cancers and cataracts valued at $0.29 billions to $1.1 billion annually. EPA in its ongoing review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for ozone should set a standard to minimize all identifiable health effects, including UV-B radiation-related effects. If these estimates are confirmed, this approach may reduce avoidable cancers, cataracts, and deaths by leading to a different standard than that recently proposed in a program already costing more than $20 billion annually. 44 refs.

Lutter, R.; Wolz, C. [Office of Management and Budget, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-03-01

442

The Relationship Between Visitor-Based Standards of Quality and Existing Conditions in Parks and Outdoor Recreation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parks and related areas are increasingly adopting management-by-objectives\\/indicator-based frameworks to protect resources and the quality of visitor experiences. Indicator-based frameworks rely on development of indicators and standards of quality, and research has been developed to measure visitor-based standards of quality. In this research approach, visitors to parks and related areas judge the acceptability of a range of recreation-related impacts to

Daniel N. Laven; Daniel H. Krymkowski

2005-01-01

443

Analysis of primary fine particle national ambient air quality standard metrics.  

PubMed

In accordance with the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is currently reviewing its National Ambient Air Quality Standards for particulate matter, which are required to provide an adequate margin of safety to populations, including susceptible subgroups. Based on the latest scientific, health, and technical information about particle pollution, EPA staff recommends establishing more protective health-based fine particle standards. Since the last standards review, epidemiologic studies have continued to find associations between short-term and long-term exposure to particulate matter and cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality at current pollution levels. This study analyzed the spatial and temporal variability of fine particulate (PM2.5) monitoring data for the Northeast and the continental United States to assess the protectiveness of various levels, forms, and combinations of 24-hr and annual health-based standards currently recommended by EPA staff and the Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee. Recommended standards have the potential for modest or substantial increases in protection in the Northeast, ranging from an additional 13-83% of the population of the region who are living in areas not likely to meet new standards and thereby benefiting from compliance with more protective air pollution controls. Within recommended standard ranges, an optimal 24-hr (98th percentile)/annual standard suite occurs at 30/12 microg/m3, providing short- and long-term health protection for a substantial percentage of both Northeast (84%) and U.S. (78%) populations. In addition, the Northeast region will not benefit as widely as the nation as a whole if less stringent standards are selected. Should the 24-hr (98th percentile) standard be set at 35 microg/m3, Northeast and U.S. populations will receive 16-48% and 7-17% less protection than a 30 microg/m3 standard, respectively, depending on the level of the annual standard. A 30/12 microg/m3 standard suite also provides nearly equivalent 24-hr and annual control of PM2.5 distributions across the United States, thereby ensuring a more uniform and consistent level of protection than unmatched or "controlling" and "backstop" standards. This could occur even within EPA staff's recommended range of standard suites, where 22-43% of the monitors in the country could meet a controlling standard but fail to meet the combined backstop standard, resulting in inconsistent short- and long-term protection across the country. An equivalent standards combination of 30/12 microg/m3 would minimize the wide variation of protectiveness of 24-hr and annual PM2.5 concentrations. Furthermore, given recent associations of subdaily exposures and acute adverse health effects, in the absence of a subdaily averaging metric, a stringent 24-hr standard will more effectively control maximum hourly and multihourly peak concentrations than a weaker standard. PMID:16568804

Johnson, Philip R S; Graham, John J

2006-02-01

444

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). NewSearch  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included. (Contains a minimum of 101 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-10-01

445

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1995-11-01

446

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1998-02-01

447

Water quality standards summaries: State and federal criteria. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning compilations of water quality standards for the United States and the U.S. territories. Individual chemicals such as mercury, cyanide, arsenic, zinc, organic compounds, pesticides, and iron, as well as bacteria are discussed. Standards for pH, temperature, dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, and material degradation are included. State water quality standards are included.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-12-01

448

Earth and Space Systems Standards Assessment: An evaluation of eighth-grade students' and elementary education majors' attainment of the standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

In signing the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) education act in 2002, President George W. Bush enacted sweeping reform legislation that focuses on the assessment of students and new teachers, based upon state standards. Although statewide reading and math assessments have been implemented, as required by the NCLB legislation, states have until the 2007--2008 school year to begin assessing students'

Regan G. Grandy

2004-01-01

449

Role of maximum standardized uptake value in fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography predicts malignancy grade and prognosis of operable breast cancer: a multi-institute study.  

PubMed

The malignant biological behavior of breast cancer remains obscure on diagnostic images, although understanding the grade of such malignancy is important for selecting appropriate treatment. Therefore, malignancy grades in operable breast cancer were evaluated using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in a multicenter setting. We prospectively examined the features and prognosis of 344 patients (mean age ± SD: 58.0 ± 12.5 years) with clinical stages I-III breast cancer, who underwent surgical intervention without induction therapy between January 2006 and December 2011. Maximum standardized uptake values (maxSUV) obtained from whole-body fluorodeoxyglucose-PET/CT immediately before surgery were assessed to predict the malignant aggressiveness of tumors including the recurrence-free survival of the patients. Variations in maxSUV among institutions, which are limitations of PET assessments in multicenter studies, were adjusted using a phantom study. The median follow up period was 52 months. The patients were divided into groups according to cut-off maxSUV (?3.0 vs. >3.0) values established from receiver operating characteristic analysis of recurrence (area under the curve = 0.713). A higher maxSUV was significantly associated with a higher T-factor (p < 0.0001), N-factor (p = 0.0049), nuclear grade (p < 0.0001), negative for estrogen (p = 0.0309), and progesterone receptors (p = 0.0063), positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (p = 0.0012), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.0128), and vascular invasion (p = 0.0110). Multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazard regression model revealed high maxSUV and negative estrogen receptor status as significantly prognostic factors (p = 0.033 and p = 0.004, respectively). This study demonstrated that maxSUV on PET/CT as well as estrogen receptor status is useful to predict malignancy grades and the prognosis of patients with breast cancer. PMID:24026860

Kadoya, Takayuki; Aogi, Kenjiro; Kiyoto, Sachiko; Masumoto, Norio; Sugawara, Yoshifumi; Okada, Morihito

2013-09-13

450

7 CFR 58.141 - Alternate quality control program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Alternate quality control program. 58.141 Section...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing...Inspection and Grading Service 1 Quality Specifications for Raw Milk §...

2010-01-01

451

Improving the Quality of Maternal and Neonatal Care: the Role of Standard Based Participatory Assessments  

PubMed Central

Background Gaps in quality of care are seriously affecting maternal and neonatal health globally but reports of successful quality improvement cycles implemented at large scale are scanty. We report the results of a nation-wide program to improve quality of maternal and neonatal hospital care in a lower-middle income country focusing on the role played by standard-based participatory assessments. Methods Improvements in the quality of maternal and neonatal care following an action-oriented participatory assessment of 19 areas covering the whole continuum from admission to discharge were measured after an average period of 10 months in four busy referral maternity hospitals in Uzbekistan. Information was collected by a multidisciplinary national team with international supervision through visit to hospital services, examination of medical records, direct observation of cases and interviews with staff and mothers. Scores (range 0 to 3) attributed to over 400 items and combined in average scores for each area were compared with the baseline assessment. Results Between the first and the second assessment, all four hospitals improved their overall score by an average 0.7 points out of 3 (range 0.4 to 1), i.e. by 22%. The improvements occurred in all main areas of care and were greater in the care of normal labor and delivery (+0.9), monitoring, infection control and mother and baby friendly care (+0.8) the role of the participatory action-oriented approach in determining the observed changes was estimated crucial in 6 out of 19 areas and contributory in other 8. Ongoing implementation of referral system and new classification of neonatal deaths impede the improved process of care to be reflected in current statistics. Conclusions Important improvements in the quality of hospital care provided to mothers and newborn babies can be achieved through a standard-based action-oriented and participatory assessment and reassessment process.

Tamburlini, Giorgio; Yadgarova, Klara; Kamilov, Asamidin; Bacci, Alberta

2013-01-01

452

Teaching Middle School Physical Education: A Standards-Based Approach for Grades 5-8. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a blueprint for developing environment, curriculum, instruction, and assessment based on high quality physical education guidelines. There are 17 chapters in four parts. Part 1, "Prepare for Your Journey," includes (1) "Physical Education in a Changing World"; (2) "Reform Efforts in the Middle School"; (3) "The Role of Physical…

Mohnsen, Bonnie S.

453

Harmonization of quality system standards and guidelines-ISO 9001:2000, EN 45001 and ISO\\/IEC 17025 to facilitate CE marking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes how the changing scenario of global market and duplication of efforts for implementing, auditing, reviewing and improving separate quality standards call for one integrated quality system that addresses the consolidated requirements of quality management system incorporating international standard on technical competency. Keeping the benefits of the harmonization in mind, three quality standards, namely ISO 9001, ISO 9002

D. Kumar; S. K. Das

2002-01-01

454

7 CFR 28.451 - Below Color Grade Cotton.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Below Color Grade Cotton. 28.451 Section 28.451 Agriculture...STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Standards Below Color Grade Cotton § 28.451 Below Color Grade...

2013-01-01

455

7 CFR 28.471 - Below Leaf Grade Cotton.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Below Leaf Grade Cotton. 28.471 Section 28.471 Agriculture...STANDARDS AND STANDARD CONTAINER REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Standards Below Leaf Grade Cotton § 28.471 Below Leaf Grade...

2013-01-01

456

External quality assessment schemes raise standards: evidence from the UKNEQAS parasitology subschemes  

PubMed Central

Background: The burden of parasitic disease imported into the temperate zone is increasing, and in the tropics remains very high. Thus, high quality diagnostic parasitology services are needed, but to implement clinical governance a measure of quality of service is required. Aim: To examine performance in the United Kingdom National External Quality Assessment Scheme for Parasitology for evidence of improved standards in parasite diagnosis in clinical specimens. Methods: Analysis of performance was made for the period 1986 to 2001, to look for trends in performance scores. Results: An overall rise in performance in faecal and blood parasitology schemes was found from 1986 to 2001. This was seen particularly in the identification of ova, cysts, and larvae in the faecal scheme, the detection of Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium vivax in the blood scheme, and also in the correct identification of non-malarial blood parasites. Despite this improvement, there are still problems. In the faecal scheme, participants still experience difficulty in recognising small protozoan cysts, differentiating vegetable matter from cysts, and detecting ova and cysts when more than one species is present. In the blood scheme, participants have problems in identifying mixed malarial infections, distinguishing between P ovale and P vivax, and estimating the percentage parasitaemia. The reasons underlying these problems have been identified via the educational part of the scheme, and have been dealt with by distributing teaching sheets and undertaking practical sessions. Conclusions: UK NEQAS for Parasitology has helped to raise the standard of diagnostic parasitology in the UK.

Kettelhut, M M; Chiodini, P L; Edwards, H; Moody, A

2003-01-01

457

An Examination of Ohio’s Physical Education Academic Content Standard 4, Benchmark A for Grades 9-12  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe select physical education teachers’ perceptions of the effectiveness and accuracy of the assessments for Ohio's Physical Education Academic Content Standard 4 Benchmark A in determining the fitness and physical activity levels of high school students. A secondary purpose was to describe the fitness levels of high school physical education students, based

Gabriel Jones

2011-01-01

458

The War for Independence. Grade 5 Model Lesson for Standard 5.5. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California State Standard 5.5 is delineated as: Students explain the causes of the Revolutionary War. The Revolutionary War is a great central drama in U.S. history and in the evolution of nationalism and democracy throughout the world. Students should perceive the worldwide impact of the colonies' triumph over British imperial power and its…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

459

Achieving standards in urban systemic reform: An example of a sixth grade project-based science curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems, engage students in science inquiry, and use learning tech- nologies. We

Ann E. Rivet; Joseph S. Krajcik

2004-01-01

460

Achieving Standards in Urban Systemic Reform: An Example of a Sixth Grade Project-Based Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems,…

Rivet, Ann E.; Krajcik, Joseph S.

2004-01-01

461

Development of the Constitution. Grade 5 Model Lesson for Standard 5.7. California History-Social Science Course Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California State Standard 5.7 is delineated in the following manner: "Students describe the people and events associated with the development of the U.S. Constitution and analyze the Constitution's significance as the foundation of the American republic." Students answer six questions about the Constitution and present suggestions for addressing…

Zachlod, Michelle, Ed.

462

A Standards-Based Professional Development Program and the Resulting Impact on Two Sixth Grade Teachers' Classroom Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2000, California introduced science content standards as part of an across the curriculum reform. This presented a special challenge for elementary teachers due to an increased emphasis on math and language arts, and limited science background and resources. This two year qualitative study looks at a professional development program that…

Bereki, Debra Lynn

2010-01-01

463

Achieving Standards in Urban Systemic Reform: An Example of a Sixth Grade Project-Based Science Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A challenge for urban systemic reform initiatives in science education has been to achieve local, state, and national standards for teaching and learning. We have collaborated with teachers in the Detroit Public School System to design project-based curriculum materials that contextualize the learning of science in meaningful real-world problems,…

Rivet, Ann E.; Krajcik, Joseph S.

2004-01-01

464

Air Quality Data Analysis System for Interrelating Effects, Standards, and Needed Source Reductions. Part 9. Calculating Effective Ambient Air Quality Parameters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ambient air quality data can often be characterized by the two characteristic parameters of the lognormal distribution, the geometric mean, and the standard geometric deviation, but some ambient data are far from lognormal. The paper suggests that even th...

R. I. Larsen W. W. Heck

1985-01-01

465

[Implementation of the technical requirements of the UNE-EN-ISO 15189 quality standard in a mycobacterial laboratory].  

PubMed

The UNE-EN-ISO 15189:2007 standard defines the requirements for quality and competence that must be met by medical laboratories. These laboratories should use this international standard to develop their own quality management systems and to evaluate their own competencies; in turn, this standard will be used by accreditation bodies to confirm or recognize the laboratories' competence. In clinical microbiology laboratories, application of the standard implies the implementation of the technical and specific management requirements that must be met to achieve optimal quality when carrying out microbiological tests. In Spain, accreditation is granted by the Spanish Accreditation Body (Entidad Nacional de Acreditación). This review aims to discuss the practical application of the standard's technical requirements in mycobacterial laboratory. Firstly, we define the scope of accreditation. Secondly, we specify how the items of the standard on personnel management, control of equipment, environmental facilities, method validation, internal controls and customer satisfaction surveys were developed and implemented in our laboratory. PMID:23453231

Guna Serrano, M del Remedio; Ocete Mochón, M Dolores; Lahiguera, M José; Bresó, M Carmen; Gimeno Cardona, Concepción

2013-02-01

466

Uninstrumented posterolateral spinal arthrodesis: is it the gold standard technique for I degrees and II degrees grade spondylolisthesis in adolescence?  

PubMed

We retrospectively reviewed the outcome of uninstrumented posterolateral spinal arthrodesis in 49 patients with lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis grades I degrees and II degrees in adolescent patients in the time of surgery, who participate at follow-up, between 1980 and 1995. The goal of our study is to analyse the clinical and radiographic imaging at long follow-up in uninstrumented posterolateral arthrodesis and to evaluate the efficiency and the validity of surgical technique in young patients (<18 years). All patients had failed previous conservative treatment. The average age at follow-up was 33.5 years (range 25-42 years) and the average follow-up time was 19.7 years (range 12-27 years). The clinical outcome measures were the Oswestry Disability Index, the SF-36, and the visual analogic score. All measures assessed the endpoint outcomes at 20 years after surgery. The outcome of spinal fusion was good with 43 (87.7%) patients attaining solid fusion, pseudoarthrosis in 6 patients (12.3%). None of our patients complained of excessive postoperative wound pain. Additionally, no complications, such as wound infection, were encountered. Satisfactory results were obtained in 94% of patients and this was closely associated with the rate of successful fusion. The results suggest that clinical outcome is closely related to the attainment of solid fusion. PMID:19415344

Girardo, M; Bettini, N; Dema, E; Cervellati, S

2009-05-05

467

Water-quality sampling by the U.S. Geological Survey-Standard protocols and procedures  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (1.0 MB) The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) develops the sampling procedures and collects the data necessary for the accurate assessment and wise management of our Nation's surface-water and groundwater resources. Federal and State agencies, water-resource regulators and managers, and many organizations and interested parties in the public and private sectors depend on the reliability, timeliness, and integrity of the data we collect and the scientific soundness and impartiality of our data assessments and analysis. The standard data-collection methods uniformly used by USGS water-quality personnel are peer reviewed, kept up-to-date, and published in the National Field Manual for the Collection of Water-Quality Data (http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/twri9A/).

Wilde, Franceska D.

2010-01-01

468

Standard Review Plan for Environmental Restoration Program Quality Management Plans. Revision 2  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Manual Environmental Restoration Program Quality System Requirements (QSR) for the Hanford Site, defines all quality requirements governing Hanford Environmental Restoration (ER) Program activities. The QSR requires that ER Program participants develop Quality Management Plans (QMPs) that describe how the QSR requirements will be implemented for their assigned scopes of work. This standard review plan (SRP) describes the ER program participant responsibilities for submittal of QMPs to the RL Environmental Restoration Division for review and the RL methodology for performing the reviews of participant QMPS. The SRP serves the following functions: acts as a guide in the development or revision of QMPs to assure that the content is complete and adequate; acts as a checklist to be used by the RL staff in their review of participant QMPs; acts as an index or matrix between the requirements of the QSR and implementing methodologies described in the QMPs; decreases the time and subjectivity of document reviews; and provides a formal, documented method for describing exceptions, modifications, or waivers to established ER Program quality requirements.

Not Available

1993-12-01

469

High-quality polarization entanglement state preparation and manipulation in standard telecommunication channels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a simple and practical approach for generating high-quality polarization entanglement in a fully guided-wave fashion. Both deterministic pair separation into two adjacent telecommunication channels and the paired photons' temporal walk-off compensation are achieved using standard fiber components. Two-photon interference experiments are performed, both for quantitatively demonstrating the relevance of our approach and for manipulating the produced state between bosonic and fermionic symmetries. The compactness, versatility and reliability of this configuration makes it a potential candidate for quantum communication applications.

Kaiser, F.; Issautier, A.; Ngah, L. A.; D?nil?, O.; Herrmann, H.; Sohler, W.; Martin, A.; Tanzilli, S.

2012-08-01

470

Standards, calibration and quality assurance of 222Rn measurements in Sweden  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inhaled decay products of 222Rn are the dominant components of the natural radiation exposure to the general population. Limits have been introduced in Sweden, and recommendations were made in 1980 for decreasing indoor 222Rn concentration. The need for the coordinated calibration of measuring instruments as well as for quality assurance was obvious for both health and economic reasons. 222Rn measurements in Sweden are based on standards traceable to the National Institute of Standard and Technology (NIST) through the use of standard reference material 226Ra. Standards for both 222Rn and short-lived 222Rn progeny are described together with the reference instrument adopted for these studies. The calibration of field instruments was performed in a ``radon room'', a climate chamber in which it is possible to vary and monitor the concentration of 222Rn as well as other characteristics of the indoor air such as temperature, humidity, ventilation rate and aerosol concentration. The rules and regulations for field measurements imply a calibration of the instruments yearly, as well as accreditation and training for the companies that carry out the measurements. Examples are given of the official measurement protocols used for the different types of instruments.

Falk, R.; Hagberg, N.; Mjönes, L.; Möre, H.; Nyblom, L.; Swedjemark, G. A.

1994-01-01

471

E-Learning Quality Standards for Consumer Protection and Consumer Confidence: A Canadian Case Study in E-Learning Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging concerns about quality of e-learning products and services animated a project in Canada to create quality standards that derived primarily from the needs of consumer, that could be used to guide the development and choice of e-learning at all levels of education and training, and that could be implemented in a simple manner. A set of…

Barker, Kathryn Chang

2007-01-01

472

AIR QUALITY DATA ANALYSIS SYSTEM FOR INTERRELATING EFFECTS, STANDARDS, AND NEEDED SOURCE REDUCTIONS. PART 9. CALCULATING EFFECTIVE AMBIENT AIR QUALITY PARAMETERS  

EPA Science Inventory

Ambient air quality data can often be characterized by the two characteristic parameters of the lognormal distribution, the geometric mean, and the standard geometric deviation, but some ambient data are far from lognormal. The paper suggests that even though an air quality data ...

473

Grade Span.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue reviews grade span, or grade configuration. Catherine Paglin and Jennifer Fager's "Grade Configuration: Who Goes Where?" provides an overview of issues and concerns related to grade spans and supplies profiles of eight Northwest schools with varying grade spans. David F. Wihry, Theodore Coladarci, and Curtis Meadow's "Grade Span and…

Renchler, Ron

2000-01-01

474

Emissions Inventory Guidance for Implementation of Ozone and Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and Regional Haze Regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides guidance on how to develop emission inventories to meet State Implementation Plan (SIP) requirements for complying with the 8-hour ozone national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS), the revised particulate matter (PM) NAAQS, and t...

2005-01-01

475

Nitrogen - Ammonia/Nitrate/Nitrite. Water Quality Standards Criteria Summaries. A Compilation of State/Federal Criteria.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This digest is compiled to provide general information to the public as well as to Federal, State, and local officials. It contains excerpts from the individual Federal-State water quality standards establishing pollutant specific criteria for interstate ...

1990-01-01

476

75 FR 32178 - Release of Final Document Related to the Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Documents from Current Review'' section under ``Risk and Exposure Assessments.'' Dated: May 27, 2010. Jennifer Noonan Edmonds, Acting Director, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. [FR Doc. 2010-13620 Filed 6-4-10;...

2010-06-07

477

Eight Steps to Meaningful Grading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A group of teachers at Clifford Smart Middle School in Michigan's Walled Lake Consolidated School District have broken free from traditional grading in order to embrace a more meaningful grading practice. Using standards-based grading practices, they believe their grading now accurately communicates to students and parents the student's mastery…

Deddeh, Heather; Main, Erin; Fulkerson, Sharon Ratzlaff

2010-01-01

478

Indoor environmental quality in a 'low allergen' school and three standard primary schools in Western Australia.  

PubMed

To investigate indoor environmental quality in classrooms, assessments were undertaken in a 'low allergen' school and three standard primary schools in Western Australia. Dust allergens, air pollutants and physical parameters were monitored in the four schools at four times (summer school term, autumn holiday, winter school term and winter holiday) in 2002. The levels of particulate matter (PM(10)) and volatile organic compounds were similar between the four primary schools. Although slightly decreased levels of dust-mite and cat allergens were observed in the 'low allergen' school, the reductions were not statistically significant and the allergen levels in all schools were much lower than the recommended sensitizing thresholds. However, significantly lower levels of relative humidity and formaldehyde level during summer-term were recorded in the 'low allergen' school. In conclusion, the evidence here suggests that the 'low allergen' school did not significantly improve the indoor environmental quality in classrooms. Practical Implications School is an important environment for children in terms of exposure to pollutants and allergens. By assessing the levels of key pollutants and allergens in a low allergen school and three standard primary schools in Western Australia, this study provides useful information for implementation of healthy building design that can improve the indoor environment in schools. PMID:16420500

Zhang, G; Spickett, J; Rumchev, K; Lee, A H; Stick, S

2006-02-01

479

Review of the national ambient air quality standards for nitrogen dioxide assessment of scientific and technical information. Staff paper (Final)  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates and interprets the updated scientific and technical information that EPA staff believes is most relevant to the review of the primary (health) and secondary (environment; welfare) national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS) for nitrogen dioxide. This assessment is intended to bridge the gap between the scientific review in the 1993 revised criteria document and the judgements required of the Administrator in setting ambient air quality standards for nitrogen dioxide.

Atwell, V.V.; Edwards, C.C.; McKee, D.J.

1995-09-01

480

Integrating Susceptibility into Environmental Policy: An Analysis of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for Lead  

PubMed Central

Susceptibility to chemical toxins has not been adequately addressed in risk assessment methodologies. As a result, environmental policies may fail to meet their fundamental goal of protecting the public from harm. This study examines how characterization of risk may change when susceptibility is explicitly considered in policy development; in particular we examine the process used by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set a National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead. To determine a NAAQS, EPA estimated air lead-related decreases in child neurocognitive function through a combination of multiple data elements including concentration-response (CR) functions. In this article, we present alternative scenarios for determining a lead NAAQS using CR functions developed in populations more susceptible to lead toxicity due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The use of CR functions developed in susceptible groups resulted in cognitive decrements greater than original EPA estimates. EPA’s analysis suggested that a standard level of 0.15 µg/m3 would fulfill decision criteria, but by incorporating susceptibility we found that options for the standard could reasonably be extended to lower levels. The use of data developed in susceptible populations would result in the selection of a more protective NAAQS under the same decision framework applied by EPA. Results are used to frame discussion regarding why cumulative risk assessment methodologies are needed to help inform policy development.

Chari, Ramya; Burke, Thomas A.; White, Ronald H.; Fox, Mary A.

2012-01-01

481

Proposed quality control guidelines for National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards Susceptibility Tests using the veterinary antimicrobial agent tiamulin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality control guidelines for standardized antimicrobial susceptibility test methods are critical for the continuing accuracy of these clinical tests. In this report, quality control limits were proposed for the veterinary antimicrobial agent tiamulin with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranges of three or four log2 dilution steps in two different medium formulations. Disk diffusion zone diameter ranges were proposed for tiamulin

Michael A Pfaller; Ronald N Jones; Donald H Walter

2001-01-01

482

7 CFR 58.446 - Quality requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Cheese. (c) Monterey (Monterey Jack ) cheese. The quality requirements for Monterey (Monterey Jack) cheese shall be in accordance with the...Standards for Grades of Monterey (Monterey Jack) Cheese. (d) Swiss cheese,...

2013-01-01

483

Quality control of a national bone marrow donor registry: results of a pilot study and proposal for a standardized approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a recognized therapy for hematological diseases and over 8 million HLA-typed donors are ready to donate. Increased international exchanges and rapid requests through the Bone Marrow Donor Worldwide (BMDW) ask for standardized quality assurance. Since no such standards have been established to date, we tested a pilot program in order to evaluate donor

J-M Tiercy; S Stadelmann; B Chapuis; A Gratwohl; U Schanz; R A Seger; G Nicoloso de Faveri; M Kern; A Morell; R Schwabe; P Schneider

2003-01-01

484

75 FR 57220 - Rule To Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard: New Source Review...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Provisions for Former 1-Hour Ozone Standard--Public Hearing...Implement the 1997 8-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality...Provisions for Former 1-Hour Ozone Standard'' which published...you will need to obtain a property pass for any personal...

2010-09-20

485

Indicators of Program Quality, Measures of Performance & Standards. Adult Basic Education and ESL Programs in NJ. Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1992, adult education staff and adult literacy volunteer organizations developed 8 indicators of program quality to be used for evaluating adult basic education and English as a Second Language (ESL) programs in New Jersey. Performance standards were developed to match the standards. An evaluation was conducted to determine how the indicators…

Merkel-Keller, Claudia; Streeter-Scrupski, Sandra

486

International organization for standardization (ISO) 9000 and chemical agent standard analytical reference material (SASARM) quality system development and implementation. Phase 1. Final report, April 1993-June 1994  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground (DPG) is in the process of developing an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9000 quality assurance (QA) system and a Chemical Agent Standard Analytical Reference Material (CASARM) QA program. Phase I of this process consisted of analyzing the current DPG QA system, defining the structure of the new QA system, determine how the ISO 9000 and the CASARM systems will interact, develop the new QA system and implementation plan, and develop the CASARM program and begin implementation. The initial phases of the system design and synthesis met the objectives established for Phase I of this methodology project. Phase II will complete the functional analysis, system design, and prototype implementation. The prototype will be analyzed for weaknesses in operation, personnel and equipment requirements, software, and cost effectiveness. The system will be modified, if needed, and implemented across the Materiel Test Directorate. The final stage of this methodology will be to achieve ISO 9000 registration. International Organization for Standardization(ISO) 9000, Chemical Agent Standard Analytical Reference Material(CASARM), Standardized Quality Assurance(QA), QA/Quality Control(QC).

Turley, S.D.

1994-09-01

487

Standard vs. radical pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma: A prospective, randomized trial evaluating quality of life in pancreaticoduodenectomy survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to assess the health-related quality of life (QOL) of patients who had been randomly assigned to either\\u000a standard or radical pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary adenocarcinoma. Pancreaticoduodenectomy has been performed in\\u000a increasing numbers for periampullary adenocarcinoma. The appropriate extent of resection (standard vs. radical [extended])\\u000a remains controversial, particularly as concerns survival benefit. Past reports comparing standard vs. radical

Tom C. Nguyen; Taylor A. Sohn; John L. Cameron; Keith D. Lillemoe; Kurtis A. Campbell; Jo Ann Coleman; Patricia K. Sauter; Ross A. Abrams; Ralph H. Hruban; Charles J. Yeo

2003-01-01

488

Will cheap gas and efficient cars imperil air-quality goals under relaxed emission standards  

SciTech Connect

Long-term trends, to the year 2000, of urban household travel were forecast for prototype metropolitan areas under several sets of energy prices, auto fuel economy, and emission standards. Dramatic improvements in air quality were forecast due to redistribution of travel and lowered emissions. The exception to this trend to rapidly growing cities, such as those in the west and southwest experiencing sprawl development that characterized many urbanized areas in the industrial northeast and midwest during the 1950's and 1960's. In one test city, where the rate of urbanization has slowed significantly, analysis indicated that relaxation of the light-duty-vehicle NO/sub x/ standard from 1.0 gm/mi to 2.0 gm/mi would not severely threaten attainment of the ambient NO/sub x/ standards by 1987 owing to redistribution of population and activities. The difference in total energy impacts was determined to be negligible, assuming moderate increase in petroleum prices through 1995 (3.1%/year). In another policy test, without changing emission standards, an increase in fuel price of 3.75%/year from 1980 to 2000 reduced travel and provided a 4% decrease in energy use and a corresponding decrease in CO, HC and NO/sub x/. Virtually all of the reduction in travel and emissions was due to non-work travel, which fell 9%. The price increase damped the increase in auto travel per person that would occur as autos become cheaper to operate and as household wealth increases, making the answer to the title a cautious yes, given steady or slowly rising fuel prices.

LaBelle, S.J.; Saricks, C.L.; Moses, D.O.

1983-04-01

489

The development of national quality performance standards for disposable absorbent products for adult incontinence.  

PubMed

Disposable absorbent products are widely used in inpatient care settings and in the community to manage adult urinary and fecal incontinence, but few product standards exist to help guide their production or optimal use. Increasing costs and reduced revenues have caused a number of states to evaluate absorbent product use among persons who receive care at home with the assistance of the Medicaid Waiver Program, further increasing concerns about the lack of product performance standards. To address these issues, the National Association For Continence (NAFC) formed a council of experts and key stakeholders with the objective of establishing national, independent quality performance standards for disposable absorbent products provided by states to Waiver Program recipients. The Council consisted of representatives from five purposefully selected states, technical directors from six nonwoven product manufacturers, an officer of the nonwoven manufactures trade association, a delegate from an academic nursing program and professional societies, a family caregiver, and a patient representative. Following a consensus method and guidelines for use, nine specific recommendations were developed, posted for public comment, and further refined. Final recommendations for product performance assessment include: rewet rate (a measure of a product's ability to withstand multiple incontinent episodes between changes), rate of acquisition (a measure of the speed at which urine is drawn away from the skin by a product, product retention capacity (a measure of a product's capacity to hold fluid without rewetting the skin), sizing options, absorbency levels, product safety, closure technology, breathable zones (a measure of the air permeability across a textile-like fabric at a controlled differential pressure), and elasticity. The Council also set values for and recommended four quantifiable parameters, and the testing methodology associated with each, to help consumers and states evaluate absorbent products (medium adult size): Maximum Rewet Rate: <1.0-2.0 g for briefs and <0.5-1.0 g for underwear; Maximum Rate of Acquisition: <50-60 seconds for briefs and <35-45 seconds for underwear; Minimum Retention Capacity: >250 g for standard briefs or underwear and >400 g for premium briefs or underwear; and Breathability of Zones: Minimum of >100 cubic feet per minute. As these recommendations are implemented, research is needed to evaluate the impact on both cost and quality of care for further refinement and modifications, particularly as technology and knowledge is advanced. PMID:24018391

Muller, Nancy; McInnis, Elaine

2013-09-01

490

A Review of Standards Defining Testing Procedures for Characterizing the Color and Spatial Quality of Digital Cameras Used to Image Cultural Heritage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This standards review summarizes the most current standards, which can be used to define target-based testing procedures to characterize the image quality of trichromatic digital cameras that are used to image cultural heritage. The eighteen standards summarized here were developed by both national (ANSI and NISO) and international (ISO, IEC and CIE) standards organizations. The image quality parameters that these

Erin P. Murphy

491

Quality assurance system using ISO 9000 series standards to improve the effectiveness and efficacy of the Headache Centre.  

PubMed

The ISO 9000 series has been adopted as a reference standard and operating system for a Quality Assurance project involving all the units of the Polyclinic of Modena, within which the Headache Centre operates, to guarantee a clearly-defined standard of service to the client and the promotion of continuous quality improvement. The implementation of the quality system, which necessitated analysis and description of the process of headache diagnosis and treatment currently being applied, highlighted those aspects that did not conform with the quality objective, primarily, the long waiting list for admission. Since ready accessibility is a basic requisite for the quality of health care services, a new organisational set-up was introduced, and is still in place, with the aim of enabling patients who are really in need to be admitted to the Headache Centre without undue delay. PMID:11200797

Ferrari, A; Baraghini, G F; Sternieri, E; Cavazzuti, L; Roli, L

2000-01-01

492

Assessment of municipal solid waste compost quality using standardized methods before preparation of plant growth media.  

PubMed

The quality of compost and its suitability for agricultural application depend upon physical and chemical parameters such as water-holding capacity, porosity, pH, electrical conductivity, C/N ratio, available nutrients and the absence of toxic substances. In the present study a complete characterization of an industrial municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) based on standardized European methods (CEN) for soil improvers and growing media was obtained, and compared with the quality of other Spanish composted biowaste and conventional substrates such as peat and pine bark. The MSWC was obtained from the main composting plant in Galicia (Spain), which processes organic waste that has been separated at origin and collected from more than 100 000 inhabitants. The MSWC presented a lower C/N ratio (15) than peat (84) and composted pine bark (CPB) (211), but had a similar ratio to other marketed MSWC. The nutrients and heavy metals were extracted using different recommended solvents (water, CaCl2 + diethylen triamin pentaacetic acid, and aqua regia). The nutrient concentrations of composted urban waste or manure were much higher than those of peat, CPB or pine bark. On the basis of the results of the plant tolerance test, the MSWC could be employed directly as a soil improver, but would need to be diluted with other low-salt components such as peat or CPB before being used as a growing media. PMID:17439045

Silva, María Teresa Barral; Menduíña, Ana Moldes; Seijo, Yolanda Cendón; Viqueira, Francisco Díaz-Fierros

2007-04-01

493

Validation trial of Japan's zinc water quality standard for aquatic life using field data.  

PubMed

This study sought to validate Japan's zinc water quality standard for aquatic life (algae and benthic invertebrates) based on field survey data. The effects of zinc on aquatic life, especially algae and benthic invertebrates, were investigated mainly in water areas with upstream basins that contain mines. Seven biological indicators (number of cells or individuals, number of taxa, number of EPT taxa, number of collector-gatherer taxa of benthic invertebrates, and Simpson index, Shannon-Weiner index, and Margalef index for algae and benthic invertebrates) were analyzed with respect to zinc concentrations and the zinc toxic equivalent quantity (Zn-TEQ), and additive contribution from other metals was assumed. The results showed that the number of taxa of algae and benthic invertebrates significantly decreased with increases in zinc concentration and Zn-TEQ. For benthic invertebrates, six of the metrics (all except the number of individuals) tended to decrease with increases in zinc concentration and Zn-TEQ. The effect level of biocenosis (ELB) was defined as the concentration at which the metrics decrease significantly with Wilcoxon's rank sum test. The ELB calculated for zinc was in the range of 16-54 ?g/L for zinc concentration and 38-50 ?g/L for Zn-TEQ; thus, Japan's environmental zinc standard for the protection of aquatic life, at 30 ?g/L, was found to be a level consistent with these results. PMID:21851980

Matsuzaki, Kanae

2011-08-17

494

The Project Approach: Meeting the State Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper suggests that when engaged in project work, children apply most of the skills identified in the age-appropriate state learning standards. To illustrate how good-quality project work addresses the Illinois state learning standards, this paper describes a project conducted by a second-grade class on their community--Grafton, Illinois.…

Schuler, Dot

2000-01-01

495

Quality matters: Low-income fathers’ engagement in learning activities in early childhood predict children's academic performance in fifth grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a prospective, longitudinal investigation we examined fathers' engagement in learning activities with their children in early childhood in relation to children academic performance in 5th grade. Participants were 602 low-income, ethnically diverse biological fathers and their children from the National Early Head Start evaluation study. Fathers reported on their engagement with children in learning activities as well as their

Karen E. McFadden; Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda; Natasha J. Cabrera

2011-01-01

496

7 CFR 58.138 - Quality testing of milk from new producers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality testing of milk from new producers...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing...Inspection and Grading Service 1 Quality Specifications for Raw Milk §...

2010-01-01

497

A Survey of Law School Grading Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 120 law schools investigated grading practices for different course types, use of different kinds of grading curves to standardize assessment at several instructional levels, and recent experience with institutional changes in grading systems. (MSE)

Kaufman, Nancy H.

1994-01-01

498

Residential pellet boilers in Belgium: Standard laboratory and real life performance with respect to European standard and quality labels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nine residential wood pellet boilers were tested for the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx), dust and combustion efficiency in real life and standard laboratory conditions and values were compared with the permissible values of Blue Angel, Swan Mark and EN-303-5. The test setup consisted of six boilers equipped with bottom feed burner (BF), one with top feed

V. K. Verma; S. Bram; I. Vandendael; P. Laha; A. Hubin; J. De Ruyck

2011-01-01

499

Towards a standardized method of developing quality indicators for palliative care: protocol of the Quality indicators for Palliative Care (Q-PAC) study  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years, there have been several studies, using a wide variety of methods, aimed at developing quality indicators for palliative care. In this Quality Indicators for Palliative Care study (Q-PAC study) we have applied a scientifically rigorous method to develop a comprehensive and valid quality indicator set which can contribute to a standardized method for use in other countries. Methods and design Firstly, an extensive literature review identified existing international quality indicators and relevant themes for measuring quality in palliative care. Secondly, the most relevant of these were selected by an expert panel. Thirdly, those prioritized by the experts were scored by a second multidisciplinary expert panel for usability and relevance, in keeping with the RAND/UCLA-method, combining evidence with consensus among stakeholders. This panel included carers and policymakers as well as patients and next-of-kin. Fourthly, the draft set was tested and evaluated in practice for usability and feasibility; the indicators were then translated into questionnaires presented to patients, next-of-kin and care providers. To encourage the acceptance and use of the indicators, stakeholders, including national palliative care organizations, were involved throughout the whole project. Conclusion Our indicator development trajectory resulted in a set of quality indicators applicable to all patients in all palliative care settings. The set includes patient and relative perspectives and includes outcome, process and structure indicators. Our method can contribute internationally to a more standardized and rigorous approach to developing quality indicators for palliative care.

2013-01-01

500

The Relation of Preschool ChildCare Quality to Children's Cognitive and Social Developmental Trajectories through Second Grade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cognitive and socioemotional development of 733 children was examined longitudinally from ages 4 to 8 years as a function of the quality of their preschool experiences in community child-care centers, after adjusting for family selection factors related to child-care quality and development. These results provide evidence that child-care quality has a modest long-term effect on children's patterns of cognitive

Ellen S. Peisner-Feinberg; Margaret R. Burchinal; Richard M. Clifford; Mary L. Culkin; Carollee Howes; Sharon Lynn Kagan; Noreen Yazejian

2001-01-01