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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Integrating quality management principles into sustainability management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops conceptual frameworks that are derived from quality management principles and uses them as the building block on how sustainability management (SM) system can be implemented. These frameworks help organisations to understand the complexities of quality-driven SM systems. Organisations of all sizes along supply chains can use guidelines presented in this paper to develop a more sustainable practice

Chu-hua Kuei; Min H. Lu

2012-01-01

2

Risk Analysis Related to Quality Management Principles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efficient and effective implementation of quality management principles asks for a responsible approach from top managers' perspectives. A study of the current state of affairs in Czech organizations discovers a lot of shortcomings in this field that can be changed to vary managerial risks. The article identifies and analyses some of them and gives short guidance for appropriate treatment. Text of the article reflects the authors' experience as well as knowledge obtained from the systematic analysis of industrial companies' environments.

Vykydal, David; Halfarová, Petra; Nenadál, Jaroslav; Plura, Ji?í; Hekelová, Edita

2012-12-01

3

Managing phosphorus for water quality protection - 10 principles  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The accelerated eutrophication of aquatic systems has primarily been the concern of developed nations where it represents the most pervasive impairment of surface water bodies. Managing phosphorus for water quality protection requires prudent tempering of agronomic emphases to build soil phosphorus,...

4

Applying the Four Principles of Total Quality Management to the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how the four Total Quality Management (TQM) principles--customer satisfaction, continuous improvement, empowerment, and teamwork--can help teachers and students increase their efficiency and effectiveness in the classroom. Introduces two models that successfully include the four principles of TQM. (JOW)|

Schmidt, Klaus

1998-01-01

5

International Perspectives on Air Quality: Risk Management Principles for Policy Development – Conference Statement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This statement is the result of discussions held at the 2005 NERAM IV Colloquium “International Perspectives on Air Quality: Risk Management Principles for Policy Development” and represents the collective views of 35 delegates, including international air quality policy analysts, academics, nongovernmental organizations, industry representatives, and decision makers from Mexico, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Hong Kong, and

Lorraine Craig; Dan Krewski; Jonathan Samet; John Shortreed; Leendert van Bree; Alan J. Krupnick

2008-01-01

6

Application of the Total Quality Management Approach Principles and the ISO 9000 Standards in Engineering Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the applicability of the definition, principles, and underlying strategies of total quality management (TQM) for engineering education. Describes several tools and methods for the implementation of TQM and its suitability for a variety of school activities. Presents a TQM course outline combining lectures, discussions, suggested…

Waks, Shlomo; Frank, Moti

1999-01-01

7

International perspectives on air quality: risk management principles for policy development--conference statement.  

PubMed

This statement is the result of discussions held at the 2005 NERAM IV Colloquium "International Perspectives on Air Quality: Risk Management Principles for Policy Development" and represents the collective views of 35 delegates, including international air quality policy analysts, academics, nongovernmental organizations, industry representatives, and decision makers from Mexico, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Hong Kong, and The Netherlands on principles for global air quality management. The objective of the colloquium was to "establish principles for air quality management based on the identification of international best practice in air quality policy development and implementation." This statement represents the main findings of a breakout group discussion session, presentations of an international panel of speakers from Canada, the United States, Mexico, and Hong Kong and views of the delegates expressed in plenary discussions. NERAM undertook a transparent process to try to ensure that the statement would accurately reflect the conference discussions, including documenting the proceedings and inviting delegates' comments on draft versions of the statement. PMID:18080887

Craig, Lorraine; Krewski, Dan; Samet, Jonathan; Shortreed, John; van Bree, Leendert; Krupnick, Alan J

2008-01-01

8

Adopting quality management principles to revitalise the facilities maintenance practices at a port : A study in Trinidad and Tobago  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review the total quality management (TQM) philosophy and the quality management principles (QMPs) in facilities management (FM), and presents the findings of a recent FM study at the Port Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (PATT). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Empirical data were acquired via interviews with the FM management and maintenance personnel and

Kit Fai Pun; Akil H. Nurse

2010-01-01

9

Using Total Quality Management Principles To Implement School-Based Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Those engaged in school restructuring can find direction in the philosophy of W. Edwards Deming, which has guided the operations of many American corporations. This paper provides an overview of Deming's Fourteen Points of Total Quality Management (TQM) and discusses their applications to education. To develop a successful TQM system, the school…

Terry, Paul M.

10

Knowledge-based air quality management study by Fuzzy Logic principle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The object of this study is to derive a knowledge-based air quality management system by fuzzy logic concept. An evaluation system of air quality management knowledge base was established in this study. The external environmental costs caused by air pollution were studied using the fuzzy theory. The so-called ldquofuzzy decision index, FDIrdquo was derived and applied in this research. An

Dong-Liang Cai; Wang-Kun Chen

2009-01-01

11

Total Quality Management in Construction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) provide a means for achieving quality in the construction process. The improvement of quality requires that every member of the organization embrace the principles of continuous improvement. Total Quality M...

C. C. Miller

1993-01-01

12

Total Quality Management in Higher Education: Applying Its Principles and Practices in the College Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This literature review is about the application of the ideas of Total Quality Management (TQM) in the academic side of higher learning institutions (classrooms). The methodology is solely document analysis. Findings show that TQM is a possible avenue for achieving national goals of quality for undergraduate and graduate education. The TQM…

Munoz, Marco A.

13

The application of total quality management principles to spacecraft mission operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By now, the philosophies of Total Quality Management have had an impact on every aspect of American industrial life. The trail-blazing work of Deming, Juran, and Crosby, first implemented in Japan, has 're-migrated' across the Pacific and now plays a growing role in America's management culture. While initially considered suited only for a manufacturing environment, TQM has moved rapidly into the 'service' areas of offices, sales forces, and even fast-food restaurants. The next logical step has also been taken - TQM has found its way into virtually all departments of the Federal Government, including NASA. Because of this widespread success, it seems fair to ask whether this new discipline is directly applicable to the profession of spacecraft operations. The results of quality emphasis on OAO Corporation's contract at JPL provide strong support for Total Quality Management as a useful tool in spacecraft operations.

Sweetin, Maury

1993-03-01

14

Principles for air quality management: an environmental nongovernment organization (ENGO) perspective.  

PubMed

Over the past 10-15 years there have been many positive developments in environmental policy that have resulted in reductions in air pollutant emissions in Canada. This article presents an environmental nongovernmental organization (ENGO) perspective on air quality management policy initiatives at various levels in Canada, including a discussion of gaps, barriers, and opportunities for future integrated policy solutions to address both air quality and climate change. PMID:18080892

Chiotti, Quentin

2008-01-01

15

A Retention Assessment Process: Utilizing Total Quality Management Principles and Focus Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Retaining students is a critical topic in higher education. Methodologies abound to gather attrition data as well as key variables important to retention. Using the theories of total quality management and focus groups, this case study gathers and reports data from current college students. Key results, suggestions for replication, and areas for…

Codjoe, Henry M.; Helms, Marilyn M.

2005-01-01

16

Do Quality Concepts and Principles Apply to Combat Operations. Does Quality End When the Shooting Begins.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States and the Department of Defense have adopted the principles of Total Quality Management. Quality Air Force is a controversial and innovative program to institute the principles of Total Quality Management into the Air Force. Any system ado...

M. P. Kryschtal

1994-01-01

17

Improving Quality of Care Through Disease Management Principles and Recommendations From the American Heart Association's Expert Panel on Disease Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

rivate and public policymakers and health insurance plans increasingly are examining and introducing disease management programs to help treat chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and stroke. The term disease manage- ment programs typically refers to multidisciplinary efforts to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of care for select patients with chronic illness. This trend highlights the impor- tance of assessing

David P. Faxon; Lee H. Schwamm; Richard C. Pasternak; Eric D. Peterson; Barbara Joyce McNeil; Vincent Bufalino; Clyde W. Yancy; Lawrence M. Brass; David W. Baker; Robert O. Bonow; Lynn A. Smaha; Daniel W. Jones; Gray Ellrodt; Jerilyn Allen; Sanford J. Schwartz; Gregg Fonarow; Pam Duncan; Katie Horton; Renee Smith; Steve Stranne; Kenneth Shine

2010-01-01

18

Ancient Thai battlefield strategic principles: lessons for leadership qualities in construction project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thailand is the only country in southeast Asia that has never been colonised by any Western power in the past. Most of the modern-day management concepts were derived, in the main, from the West. There is, however, much to be learned from Eastern concepts. This paper draws lessons from ancient Thai military strategies for construction project management with particular reference

Pheng Low Sui; Chairat Chuvessiriporn

1997-01-01

19

Risk Management Principles for Nanotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk management of nanotechnology is challenged by the enormous uncertainties about the risks, benefits, properties, and future\\u000a direction of nanotechnology applications. Because of these uncertainties, traditional risk management principles such as acceptable\\u000a risk, cost–benefit analysis, and feasibility are unworkable, as is the newest risk management principle, the precautionary\\u000a principle. Yet, simply waiting for these uncertainties to be resolved before undertaking

Gary E. Marchant; Douglas J. Sylvester; Kenneth W. Abbott

2008-01-01

20

Ecological Quality Assurance Principles 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract-The application of sound quality assurance,principles and protocols is essential to inventorying and monitoring,of forest ecosystem resources because ofthe complexity, breadth and inher­ ent variability of the data collected, the long term nature of monitor­ ing and the numerous,agency and individual participants involved. The paper focuses on the basic elements of a comprehensive,ecologi­ cal quality assurance plan that are amenable

John Lawrence

1999-01-01

21

Performance Appraisal, Performance Management and Quality in Higher Education: Contradictions, Issues and Guiding Principles for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Systematic staff appraisal/performance management has been assumed to be an important part of quality management in higher-education institutions, but past approaches to it have had confused purposes and have made minimal contributions to enhancing institutional performance. For performance management to be relevant, it must focus on leadership…

Lonsdale, Alan

1998-01-01

22

The future of monitoring in clinical research - a holistic approach: Linking risk-based monitoring with quality management principles  

PubMed Central

Since several years risk-based monitoring is the new “magic bullet” for improvement in clinical research. Lots of authors in clinical research ranging from industry and academia to authorities are keen on demonstrating better monitoring-efficiency by reducing monitoring visits, monitoring time on site, monitoring costs and so on, always arguing with the use of risk-based monitoring principles. Mostly forgotten is the fact, that the use of risk-based monitoring is only adequate if all mandatory prerequisites at site and for the monitor and the sponsor are fulfilled. Based on the relevant chapter in ICH GCP (International Conference on Harmonisation of technical requirements for registration of pharmaceuticals for human use – Good Clinical Practice) this publication takes a holistic approach by identifying and describing the requirements for future monitoring and the use of risk-based monitoring. As the authors are operational managers as well as QA (Quality Assurance) experts, both aspects are represented to come up with efficient and qualitative ways of future monitoring according to ICH GCP.

Ansmann, Eva B.; Hecht, Arthur; Henn, Doris K.; Leptien, Sabine; Stelzer, Hans Gunther

2013-01-01

23

Total Quality Management for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education in the United Kingdom has been shaped by the advent of local school management and the rapid growth of grant-maintained schools. Total Quality Management (TQM) offers a new way of looking at management principles and structures by identifying the needs of both internal and external customers. This book applies principles of TQM…

Greenwood, Malcolm S.; Gaunt, Helen J.

24

Total Quality Management for Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the United Kingdom has been shaped by the advent of local school management and the rapid growth of grant-maintained schools. Total Quality Management (TQM) offers a new way of looking at management principles and structures by identifying the needs of both internal and external customers. This book applies principles of TQM…

Greenwood, Malcolm S.; Gaunt, Helen J.

25

Quality management in orthodontics.  

PubMed

The introduction of modern quality thinking to orthodontic care should be a continuing effort on the part of the orthodontic profession. The strategy for the development of a European quality management system in orthodontic care was developed from 1993 to 2000 during the EURO-QUAL project. During the project's first stage, the basic prerequisites were identified for a general model of quality management in orthodontic care. A supra-national agreement was reached on policy statements for orthodontic care in Europe. The essential components of an orthodontic quality management system are: linking orthodontic care to population need, patient partnership, clinical accountability, and containing costs.Value-based health care and "TQM", the philosophy of total quality management, are basic principles applied in accordance with the recommendations of the European Health Committee of September 1997 and the "Health-for-All" policy framework of the World Health Organization. PMID:16331548

Prahl-Andersen, Birte

2005-11-01

26

Principles of Ecosystem Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The protection of estuarine ecosystems requires a comprehensive coastal zone management program with specific environmental controls set within this larger framework. The coastal flood-plain may be designated an area of environmental concern, or conservat...

J. Clark P. J. Sarokwash

1975-01-01

27

Applying Quality Management Process-Improvement Principles to Learning in Reading Courses: An Improved Learning and Retention Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business students were taught a total quality management-based outlining process for course readings and a tally method to measure learning efficiency. Comparison of 233 who used the process and 99 who did not showed that the group means of users' test scores were 12.4 points higher than those of nonusers. (Contains 25 references.) (SK)|

Hahn, William G.; Bart, Barbara D.

2003-01-01

28

Management Principles for Nonproliferation Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies business models and six management principles that can be applied by a nonproliferation organization to maximize the value and effectiveness of its products. The organizations responsible for reducing the nuclear proliferation threat have experienced a substantial growth in responsibility and visibility since the September 11 attacks. Since then, the international community has witnessed revelations of clandestine nuclear

Sarah L. Frazar; Gretchen Hund

2012-01-01

29

The Advanced Launch System - Application of total quality management principles to low-cost space transportation system development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Launch System (ALS) is a joint NASA/DOD program for the development of a vehicle with expanded payload capabilities and improved economics in the post-year 2000 time-frame. The two most significant initiatives being implemented within the ALS program are those of Total Quality Management (TQM) and the Unified Information System, designated 'Unis'; attention is presently given to the former. TQM encompasses a variety of techniques which minimize variability in the design, manufacturing, production, and operation of a system. TQM is being implemented in the current, system-definition phase of the ALS.

Wolfe, M. G.; Rothwell, T. G.; Oliver, M. B.; Rosenberg, D. A.

1989-10-01

30

The advanced launch system: Application of total quality management principles to low-cost space transportation system development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recognizing that a major inhibitor of man's rapid expansion of the use of space is the high cost (direct and induced) of space transportation, the U.S. has embarked on a major national program to radically reduce the cost of placing payloads into orbit while, at the same time, making equally radical improvements inlaunch system operability. The program is entitled "The Advanced Launch System" (ALS) and is a joint Department of Defense/National Aeronautics and Space Administration (DoD/NASA) program which will provide launch capability in the post 2000 timeframe. It is currently in Phase II (System Definition), which began in January 1989, and will serve as a major source of U.S. launch system technology over the next several years. The ALS is characterized by a new approach to space system design, development, and operation. The practices that are being implemented by the ALS are expected to affect the management and technical operation of all future launch systems. In this regard, the two most significant initiatives being implemented on the ALS program are the practices of Total Quality Management (TQM) and the Unified Information System (Unis). TQM is a DoD initiative to improve the quality of the DoD acquisition system, contractor management systems, and the technical disciplines associated with the design, development, and operation of major systems. TQM has been mandated for all new programs and affects the way every group within the system currently does business. In order to implement the practices of TQM, new methods are needed. A program on the scale of the ALS generates vast amounts of information which must be used effectively to make sound decisions. Unis is an information network that will connect all ALS participants throughout all phases of the ALS development. Unis is providing support for project management and system design, and in following phases will provide decision support for launch operations, computer integrated manufacturing, automated ground operation systems, and any other computer applications. Unis is providing information to a dynamic computerized ALS Model (ALSYM) which is a decision aiding tool, supporting the ALS design efforts. ALSYM will evolve to support operations decision making as the program matures. These efforts are expected to serve as a model for other DoD and NASA large-scale system developments.

Wolfe, M. G.; Rothwell, T. G.; Rosenberg, D. A.; Oliver, M. B.

31

Management Principles for Nonproliferation Organizations  

SciTech Connect

This paper identifies business models and six management principles that can be applied by a nonproliferation organization to maximize the value and effectiveness of its products. The organizations responsible for reducing the nuclear proliferation threat have experienced a substantial growth in responsibility and visibility since the September 11 attacks. Since then, the international community has witnessed revelations of clandestine nuclear facilities, nuclear black markets, periodic nuclear tests, and a resurgence of interest by countries worldwide in developing nuclear capabilities. The security environment will likely continue to evolve in unexpected ways since most of the proliferation threats with which the world will be forced to contend remain unforeseen. To better prepare for and respond to this evolving security environment, many nonproliferation organizations are interested in finding new or better ways to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of their operations. Of course, all organizations, whether they are market driven or non-profit, must operate effectively and efficiently if they are to succeed. Indeed, as this study demonstrates, many of the management principles that this study recommends can help all organizations succeed. However, this study pays particular attention to nonproliferation organizations because of the mission they are responsible for fulfilling. Nonproliferation organizations, including nonproliferation programs that operate within a larger national security organization, are responsible for reducing the threat of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. These organizations have an enduring mandate from the public and the international community not to fail in the completion of their mission for failure could have detrimental impacts on international security, public health and the environment. Moreover, the public expects nonproliferation organizations and programs to fulfill their mission, even when resources are limited. They are expected to anticipate and react quickly to prevent a potential threat while staying accountable to their public stakeholders, many of whom remain unaware of the very threats the organization is trying to address. When budgets are flush, it is easy to believe that money will solve all problems; but during times of economic hardship, managers must rely on creative and cost-effective management approaches to implement their missions. Fortunately, managers of nonproliferation organizations can draw on a wealth of research on organizational design and culture to help them identify the management strategies most appropriate for them. Such research can help nonproliferation managers think about their own organizational structures and cultures and adapt accepted management principles to their unique organizational mission. This analytical process is not straight forward, as some managers may find themselves taking risks that others might not take, such as making ostensibly risky investments for the common good, or supporting creative thinking to help mission accomplishment. Some management principles that are relatively straightforward for other organizations may be difficult to envision and implement in a nonproliferation organization. Therefore, the goal of this study is to help nonproliferation managers identify management principles that can be implemented in a nonproliferation organization and, in the process, help maximize the value of the organization's products and effectiveness of its mission.

Frazar, Sarah L.; Hund, Gretchen

2012-03-06

32

[Quality management (TQM) in public health-care (PHC): principles for cost-performance calculations and cost reductions with better quality].  

PubMed

In many high-tech industries, quality management (QM) has enabled improvements of quality by a factor of 100 or more, in combination with significant cost reductions. Compared to this, the application of QM methods in health care is in its initial stages. It is anticipated that stringent process management, embedded in an effective QM system will lead to significant improvements in health care in general and in the German public health service in particular. Process management is an ideal platform for controlling in the health care sector, and it will significantly improve the leverage of controlling to bring down costs. Best practice sharing in industry has led to quantum leap improvements. Process management will enable best practice sharing also in the public health service, in spite of the highly diverse portfolio of services that the public health service offers in different German regions. Finally, it is emphasised that "technical" QM, e.g., on the basis of the ISO 9001 standard is not sufficient to reach excellence. It is necessary to integrate soft factors, such as patient or employee satisfaction, and leadership quality into the system. The EFQM model for excellence can serve as proven tool to reach this goal. PMID:19039720

Bergholz, W

2008-11-27

33

What is Total Quality Management?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a general overview of Total Quality Management (TQM) and explains why there is pressure for change in higher education institutions. Defines TQM and the various themes, tools, and beliefs that make it different from other management approaches. Presents 14 principles and how they might be applied to student affairs. (RJM)|

Bryan, William A.

1996-01-01

34

Quality improvement principles boost SCADA system reliability  

SciTech Connect

A major section of Chevron Pipe Line Co.'s SCADA system was recently brought up to the industry-standard 99.5% data-reporting reliability by an intercompany team applying quality improvement (QI) principles. To make the study manageable, the scope was limited to only half the CPL SCADA system, southeast Texas. The study concentrated on 20% of these remote sites which all happened to operate below 90% reliability. The team surveyed 21 sites and recorded data on reliability problem root causes. The data were categorized and formed into a Pareto chart. This chart indicated the root cause of 80% of problems was related to lack of maintenance on both radio equipment and RTU/PLCs. These results were presented to management along with recommendations for forming a quality improvement team to work on developing a preventative maintenance system, a task to be performed jointly between the radio technicians and the pipe line technicians. Goal was to allow the technicians to develop a working relationship with one another and to facilitate a better knowledge of the physical interfaces involved.

Boling, J.E. (Chevron Information Technology Co., New Orleans, LA (United States))

1994-08-01

35

Principles of integrated solid waste management  

SciTech Connect

As a recognized expert in the field, the author presents a review and expanded discussion about the policies, politics, regulations, technologies, systems, and practices of integrated solid waste management. Written from a practitioner`s point of view, the book takes a no nonsense approach to the practicalities and realities of planning, designing, and managing integrated solid waste management systems. Readers will learn the fundamentals of design and the principles for each method and practice of integrated municipal solid waste management. Contents include: policies and roles; legislation and regulations; planning, management, organization, financing; collection principles and systems design; transfer station principles and facility design; recycling principles and facility design; composting principles and facility design; waste-to-energy principles and facility design; landfill principles and facility design; managing special and construction/demolition wastes.

Hickman, H.L. Jr.

1999-08-01

36

Quality Management of Steroid Hormone Assays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter describes the principles and practices of quality management of the steroid hormone in clinical laboratory service, and the assessment of the quality of that service by the author's EQA programme (UK NEQAS for Steroid Hormones).

Middle, Jonathan G.

37

NASA Total Quality Management 1989 Accomplishments Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document describes the accomplishments made by NASA in Total Quality Management. The principles in practice which led to these process refinements are important cultural elements to any organization's productivity and quality efforts. The catagories i...

1990-01-01

38

Quality in health care and ethical principles.  

PubMed

Quality in health care and ethical principles The last three decades have seen rapid changes in the way United States of America (USA) health care has been delivered, financed and regulated. Four major stakeholders have emerged in the health care debate: patients, providers, payers and public regulatory agencies. These groups do not agree on a definition of quality health care. This paper suggests five ethical principles - autonomy, justice, beneficence, non-maleficence, and prudence - be included in the framework of quality health care. A framework that outlines possible relationships among these ethical attributes and four major stakeholders is presented. PMID:11012797

Huycke, L; All, A C

2000-09-01

39

Perspective on Quality Risk Management of Pharmaceutical Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality risk management for the pharmaceutical industry was recently defined in internationally harmonized guidance as a systematic process for the assessment, control, communication, and review of risks to the quality of the drug product across the product life cycle. Two overarching principles for quality risk management are that evaluations of risk should be scientifically based and ultimately linked to risk

H. Gregg Claycamp

2007-01-01

40

ECONOMICS OF WEED MANAGEMENT: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Weed scientists and invasive plant biologists must find cost-effective, ecologically-based methods to manage undesirable plants. Economic analyses are needed for management, policymaking and setting research priorities. The fundamental economic principle for weed management is simple: Act only if t...

41

Governance Principles for Natural Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable natural resource use and management make novel demands on governance arrangements, the design of which requires normative guidance. Although governance principles have been developed for diverse contexts, their availability for sustainable natural resource governance is so far limited. In response, we present a suite of governance principles for natural resource governance that, while developed in an Australian multilevel context,

Michael Lockwood; Julie Davidson; Allan Curtis; Elaine Stratford; Rod Griffith

2010-01-01

42

Statistical quality management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some aspects of statistical quality management are discussed. Quality has to be defined as a concrete, measurable quantity. The concepts of Total Quality Management (TQM), Statistical Process Control (SPC), and inspection are explained. In most cases SPC is better than inspection. It can be concluded that statistics has great possibilities in the field of TQM.

Vanderlaan, Paul

1992-10-01

43

Principles of database buffer management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the implementation of a database buffer manager as a component of a DBMS. The interface between calling components of higher system layers and the buffer manager is described; the principal differences between virtual memory paging and database buffer management are outlined; the notion of referencing versus addressing of database pages is introduced; and the concept of fixing

Wolfgang Effelsberg; Theo Haerder

1984-01-01

44

Quality of Service Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A quality of service (QoS) management framework for systems is presented that satisfies application needs along multiple dimensions such as timeliness, reliability, cryptographic security and other application specific quality requirements. In this model,...

C. Lee

1999-01-01

45

Principles for Local Environmental Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The handbook is the result of an interdisciplinary approach to solving problems associated with the consumption of scarce natural resources, the generation of environmental impacts, and the constant need for improved environmental quality. It was written ...

P. G. Rowe J. Mixon B. A. Smith J. B. Blackburn G. L. Callaway

1978-01-01

46

Principles of School Business Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This textbook of 24 chapters provides administrators and students with information on the role, activities, and responsibilities of the school business administrator. The independently authored chapters are titled as follows: (1) "Introduction to School Business Management" (F. Mike Miles); (2) "Legal Context of the Public School District" (Paul…

Wood, R. Craig, Ed.

47

Total Quality Management Simplified.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Maintains that Total Quality Management (TQM) is one method that helps to monitor and improve the quality of child care. Lists four steps for a child-care center to design and implement its own TQM program. Suggests that quality assurance in child-care settings is an ongoing process, and that TQM programs help in providing consistent,…

Arias, Pam

1995-01-01

48

Transforming air quality management  

SciTech Connect

Earlier this year, the Clean Air Act Advisory Committee submitted to EPA 38 recommendations intended to improve air quality management in the United States. This article summarizes the evaluation process leading up to the Committee's recommendations. 3 refs., 2 figs.

Janet McCabe

2005-04-01

49

Software Risk Management: Principles and Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging discipline of software risk management is described. It is defined as an attempt to formalize the risk-oriented correlates of success into a readily applicable set of principles and practices. Its objectives are to identify, address, and eliminate risk items before they become either threats to successful software operation or major sources of software rework. The basic concepts are

Barry W. Boehm

1991-01-01

50

Validation Protocol: First Step of a Lean-Total Quality Management Principle in a New Laboratory Set-up in a Tertiary Care Hospital in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Method validation is pursued as the first step in establishing Lean-Total Quality Management in a new clinical laboratory,\\u000a in order to eliminate error in test results. Validation of all the new tests were done (with particular reference to alkaline\\u000a phosphatase) by verifying reference intervals, analytical accuracy and precision, inter-assay and intra-assay variations,\\u000a analytical sensitivity, limit of detection, linearity and reportable

Barnali Das

51

Total Quality Management Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is one of six texts from a workplace literacy curriculum designed to assist learners in facing the increased demands of the workplace. The booklet contains seven sections that cover the following topics: (1) meaning of total quality management (TQM); (2) the customer; (3) the organization's culture; (4) comparison of management

Massachusetts Career Development Inst., Springfield.

52

Total Quality Management in Information Services. Information Services Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information services managers have a responsibility to provide the best information delivery possible. The basic principles of total quality management can be used by information professionals to help justify library funding through the creation of an environment where customer-patron satisfaction is paramount. This book reveals how to apply the…

St. Clair, Guy

53

Quality management in healthcare.  

PubMed

Clinical governance and better human resource management practices are important planks in the current health policies emphasizing quality of patient care. There are numerous reasons why it is important to improve quality of healthcare, including enhancing the accountability of health practitioners and managers, resource efficiency, identifying, and minimizing medical errors while maximizing the use of effective care and improving outcomes, and aligning care to what users/patients want in addition to what they need. "Quality in health is doing the right things for the right people at the right time, and doing them right first time and every time." Quality can also refer to the technical quality of care, to nontechnical aspects of service delivery such as clients' waiting time and staff's attitudes, and to programmatic elements such as policies, infrastructure, access, and management. In this oration/article quality initiatives like Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) of Government of India (GOI), which concentrate on improving the quality of infrastructure of vast rural health facilities including sub-center, primary health center, and community health center has been taken into account with focus on improving quality of health services also. United Nation Population Fund (UNFPA) in collaboration with the GOI has proposed introducing quality assurance program for accessing and improving the quality of services at public sector health facilities. It is felt that improving the quality of health services in public sector will attract the client belonging to low economic strata, and surely will help in achieving the goal of the NRHM, that is, "Reaching the enriched with quality of health services." PMID:24125927

Dodwad, Subhash S

54

Quality Management and Information Brokerage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To compete effectively, information brokers need to adopt management and marketing tools; Total Quality Management can upgrade an organization's performance by using customer feedback of its services. SERVQUAL identifies gaps in service by assessing quality expectations versus quality experiences. (AEF)|

van Halm, Johan

1995-01-01

55

Managed care. Origins, principles, and evolution.  

PubMed Central

Managed care has entered the lexicon of healthcare reform, but confusion and ignorance surround its meaning and purpose. It seeks to cut the costs of health care while maintaining its quality, but the evidence that it is able to achieve these aims is mixed. As well as raising awareness and understanding of the issues surrounding managed care, this series considers whether managed care is desirable for the NHS. Developed in the United States as a response to spiralling healthcare costs and dysfunctional fragmented services, managed care is not a discrete activity but a spectrum of activities carried out in a range of organisational settings. Due to its constantly changing nature, managed care is a slippery concept--but all its permutations have in common an attempt to influence and modify the behaviour and practice of doctors and other health professionals towards cost effective care. Whatever potential managed care may hold in this regard, careful appraisal of its implications is essential.

Fairfield, G.; Hunter, D. J.; Mechanic, D.; Rosleff, F.

1997-01-01

56

Multipollutant air quality management.  

PubMed

On the basis of a recent NARSTO assessment, this review discusses the factors involved in the implementation of a risk- and results-based multipollutant air quality management strategy applicable to North America. Such a strategy could evolve from current single-pollutant regulatory practices using a series of steps that would seek to minimize risk of exposure for humans and ecosystems while providing for a quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of the management process. The tools needed to support multipollutant air quality management are summarized. They include application of a formal risk analysis, accounting for atmospheric processes, ambient measurements, emissions characterization, air quality modeling of emissions to ambient concentrations, and characterization of human and ecological responses to ambient pollutant exposure. The new management strategy would expand the current practice of accountability that relates emission reductions and attainment of air quality derived from air quality criteria and standards. Conceptually, achievement of accountability would establish goals optimizing risk reduction associated with pollution management. This expanded approach takes into account the sequence of processes from emissions reduction to resulting changes in ambient concentration. Using ambient concentration as a proxy for exposure, the resulting improvement in human and ecosystem health is estimated. The degree to which this chain of processes and effects can be achieved in current practice is examined in a multipollutant context exemplified by oxidants, as indicated by ozone, particulate matter, and some hazardous air pollutants. Achievement of a multipollutant management strategy will mostly depend on improving knowledge about human and ecosystem response to pollutant exposure. PMID:20564991

Hidy, George M; Pennell, William T

2010-06-01

57

Multipollutant Air Quality Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of a recent NARSTO assessment, this review discusses the factors involved in the implementation of a risk- and results-based multipollutant air quality management strategy applicable to North America. Such a strategy could evolve from current single-pollutant regulatory practices using a series of steps that would seek to minimize risk of exposure for humans and ecosystems while providing

George M. Hidy; William T. Pennell; Despina Karatza; Marina Prisciandaro; Amedeo Lancia; Dino Musmarra; Paul Funk; Tony Ward; Christopher Palmer; Curtis Noonan; Sally Donovan; Thomas Bateson; Jan Gronow; Nikolaos Voulvoulis; Li-Long Chai; Ji-Qin Ni; Yan Chen; Claude Diehl; Albert Heber; Teng Lim; Yimei Zhang; Guohe Huang; Shuxiao Wang; Lei Zhang; Ye Wu; Maria Ancora; Yu Zhao; Jiming Hao; Yan-Min Chen; Yuan-Chung Lin; Tzi-Yi Wu; Guo-Ping Chang-Chien; Wen-Feng Ma; Joao Gomes; Helena Mota; Joao Bordado; Manuela Cadete; Georgina Sarmento; Antonieta Ribeiro; Miguel Baiao; Joao Fernandes; Vasco Pampulim; Maria Custodio; Isabel Veloso; David Brenner

2010-01-01

58

Total Quality Management (TQM).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is four folded: (1) to provide a follow-up report to the article 'Implementating Total Quality Management (TQM) at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard' published in 1988; (2) to document Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard's TQM strategies after...

G. A. Damon

1989-01-01

59

Quality Management in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the field of total quality management (TQM), the term "customer" has been redefined to include all stakeholders, people who have an interest in the organization and its activities, from traditional customers to employees and society as a whole. The stakeholders of an academic library include: students, academic staff, university and library…

Brophy, Peter

60

Evaluating quality management systems.  

PubMed

This study reports how nurse administrators may approach an evaluation of their quality management (QM) initiative. Suggestions are based on the current study of a multiclinic health care system's QM plan. Tips on designing the evaluation and recommendations on how to report results are provided. Collaboration with local university researchers is suggested as a way to strengthen the process. PMID:9842176

Hetherington, L T

1998-12-01

61

Total Quality Management: Implications for Internal Audit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total Quality Management (TQM) will have major implications for the internal audit function. Argues that TQM concepts, such as people empowerment, are incompatible with traditional notions of compliance with prescribed internal controls, policies and procedures. Suggests that the fundamental principles which govern the practice of internal audit are incompatible with TQM environments. Examines a number of scenarios to assess the

Lindsay C. Hawkes; Michael B. Adams

1994-01-01

62

Total Quality Management (TQM) in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists largely of paper versions of the transparencies used by the author to give his conference paper on Total Quality Management (TQM) in the college and university setting. An introduction lists a series of definitional phrases, a list of what TQM is not, and 11 fundamental principles describing what TQM is. The three major…

Sullivan, Michael F.

63

Total Quality Management, Department of Defense.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a series of pages that synopsizes the Department of Defense concept of Total Quality Management (TQM). The document includes: How TQM Works; What is TQM; The DoD Vision; TQM Principles; TQM Practices; TQM Techniques and Tools; TQM Implementa...

1988-01-01

64

Total Quality Management (TQM) in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists largely of paper versions of the transparencies used by the author to give his conference paper on Total Quality Management (TQM) in the college and university setting. An introduction lists a series of definitional phrases, a list of what TQM is not, and 11 fundamental principles describing what TQM is. The three major…

Sullivan, Michael F.

65

Total Quality Management (TQM) as the Procedure for Management of Integrated Academics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Total Quality Management (TQM) is a way of doing business that involves every employee, both labor and management, in an effort to improve quality and productivity. The quality management concept consists of common principles: (1) customer focus; (2) process focus; (3) failure prevention; (4) mobilization of work force; (5) decision making based…

Anderson, Lowell D.

66

Total quality management -- Remedial actions planning program  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the management approach being taken within the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP) Support Contractor Office (SCO) to ensure quality of services in a highly competitive waste management environment. An overview is presented of the contractor support role assigned to Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., by the Department of Energy (DOE) national program for managing hazardous waste. The HAZWRAP SCO mission, organizational structure, and major programs are outlined, with emphasis on waste management planning for the DOE Work for Others (WFO) Program. The HAZWRAP SCO provides waste management technical support, via interagency agreements between DOE and various Department of Defense (DOD) agencies for DOD sponsors planning remedial response actions. The remainder of the paper focuses on how the concept of Total Quality Management is applied to the HAZWRAP Remedial Actions Planning (RAP) Program. The management challenge is to achieve quality on a ''system'' basis where all functional elements of program management synergistically contribute to the total quality of the effort. The quality assurance (QA) program requirements applied to the RAP Program and its subcontractors are discussed. The application of management principles in the areas of program management, procurement, and QA to achieve total quality is presented. 3 refs.

Petty, J.L.; Horne, T.E.

1989-01-01

67

Air quality risk management.  

PubMed

Rather than attempt to provide a comprehensive account of air quality risk assessment, as might be found in a textbook or manual, this article discusses some issues that are of current importance in the United Kingdom and the rest of Europe, with special emphasis on risk assessment in the context of policy formulation, and emerging scientific knowledge. There are two pollutants of particular concern and that both pose challenges for risk assessment and policy, and they are particulate matter (PM) and ozone. The article describes some issues for health risk assessment and finally some forward-looking suggestions for future approaches to air quality management. PMID:18080888

Williams, Martin L

2008-01-01

68

Applying lean management principles to the creation of a postpartum hemorrhage care bundle.  

PubMed

A lean management process is a set of interventions, each of which creates value for the customer. Lean management is not a new concept, but is relatively new to health care. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most common cause of maternal death worldwide in both developing and developed countries. We applied lean management principles as an innovative approach to improving outcomes in patients with PPH. Initial results using principles of lean management indicated significant improvements in response time and family-centered care. When applied rigorously and throughout the organization, lean principles can have a dramatic effect on productivity, cost and quality. PMID:24138659

Faulkner, Beth

2013-10-01

69

Total Quality Management: Using TQM to Optimize Education in Alberta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how school districts in Alberta (Canada) are successfully applying principles of total quality management (TQM). Overviews TQM principles and applications in educational settings including creating a constancy of purpose for educational improvement, eliminating student grading, managing a complete system, focusing on stakeholder…

Cammaert, Ron

1995-01-01

70

Total quality management program planning  

SciTech Connect

As government funding grows scarce, competition between the national laboratories is increasing dramatically. In this era of tougher competition, there is no for resistance to change. There must instead be a uniform commitment to improving the overall quality of our products (research and technology) and an increased focus on our customers` needs. There has been an ongoing effort to bring the principles of total quality management (TQM) to all Energy Systems employees to help them better prepare for future changes while responding to the pressures on federal budgets. The need exists for instituting a vigorous program of education and training to an understanding of the techniques needed to improve and initiate a change in organizational culture. The TQM facilitator is responsible for educating the work force on the benefits of self-managed work teams, designing a program of instruction for implementation, and thus getting TQM off the ground at the worker and first-line supervisory levels so that the benefits can flow back up. This program plan presents a conceptual model for TQM in the form of a hot air balloon. In this model, there are numerous factors which can individually and collectively impede the progress of TQM within the division and the Laboratory. When these factors are addressed and corrected, the benefits of TQM become more visible. As this occurs, it is hoped that workers and management alike will grasp the ``total quality`` concept as an acceptable agent for change and continual improvement. TQM can then rise to the occasion and take its rightful place as an integral and valid step in the Laboratory`s formula for survival.

Thornton, P.T.; Spence, K.

1994-05-01

71

DATA MANAGEMENT FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE  

EPA Science Inventory

The article describes the application of quality assurance (QA) principles to two programs supporting EPA's Environmental Assessment Data System (EADS). The ultimate objective of any measurement program is the creation of data that is processed to provide information. The develop...

72

MONITORING GROUNDWATER QUALITY: ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK AND PRINCIPLES  

EPA Science Inventory

The report discusses the economic considerations in selecting an optimal groundwater quality monitoring system. Section I argues that poor specification of the property rights in groundwater is a major cause of excessive pollution. Section II examines groundwater adjudication and...

73

Monitoring Groundwater Quality: Economic Framework and Principles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report discusses the economic considerations in selecting an optimal groundwater quality monitoring system. Section I argues that poor specification of the property rights in groundwater is a major cause of excessive pollution. Section II examines gro...

R. L. Crouch R. D. Eckert D. D. Rugg

1976-01-01

74

Quality Management based on ERP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many enterprises didn’t ask to involve the module of Quality Management in ERP system, even an enterprise having implemented ERP successfully thought about to implement Quality Information System (QIS) again. A lot of quality information provided by ERP system is wasting. The key of resolving this problem is Quality Process Reengineering based on the modern quality management customer-oriented and process-oriented.

Jing Sun

2002-01-01

75

[Total quality management in laboratory medicine].  

PubMed

The German Public Health will be continuously challenged in the future. It has to be assumed that modified managed care will not only take place sporadically. Thus, quality aspects of services gain more and more significance. Only suppliers will be successful who can offer services of highest quality at lowest prices. Quality in a comprehensive sense has to be substantiated in the near future. It is recommended to apply industry proven models also in public health service. Medical laboratories can be pioneers in this field as they have been already in the past. All previously proposed procedures can not describe quality of results comprehensively. They are based to a high degree on external control. Total quality management, however, represents a comprehensive approach. Principles are zero-defect approach, customer orientation and system management. Quality is given in the sense of TQM if the customer is permanently satisfied with the service of the supplier. In such a way, the customer defines quality of service. A customer is everyone who receives products or services. TQM overcomes the drawbacks of quality management systems, which are strongly formal and oriented by external control, as accreditation (EN 45,000) or certification (ISO 9000). Competition between hospitals is a declared goal of German health politics because usually quality is increased and cost decreased as a consequence. Competition means also comparison of services. TQM emphasizes benchmarking especially among the best suppliers. PMID:10028601

Vogt, W

1998-12-01

76

Performance Assessment of Local Mobility PolicyMaking Administrations Using the Principles of Total Quality Management in Flanders, Belgium: Expounding the Decision-Making Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a quality assessment of the processes underlying municipal mobility policy-making in Flanders (Belgium). 25 criteria and 176 aspects were queried during 25 interview sessions. Results were aggregated at the level of 7 quality domains of action and suggest that Flemish municipal mobility policy-making is generally fairly frail and of an ad-hoc nature. Four factors are found to

Hans Tormans; Willy Miermans; Mario Cools; Evelien Polders; Davy Janssens; Geert Wets

2011-01-01

77

Data Management and Quality Assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical data management is a vital vehicle in clinical trials to ensure the integrity and quality of data being transferred from trial subjects to a database system. Poor management of data is a pitfall to statisticians, study investigators, sponsors, and most importantly, patients. Efforts in quality assurance in clinical data management have been increasing, as reflected in the increase of

Daniel Y. T. Fong

2001-01-01

78

Earnings management and earnings quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewing the detection of earnings management from the perspective of a crime scene investigator sheds new light on prior research on earnings management and its close relative, earnings quality. The works of Ball and Shivakumar [2008. Earnings quality at initial public offerings. Journal of Accounting and Economics, in press.] and Teoh et al. [1998. Earnings management and the subsequent market

Kin Lo

2008-01-01

79

Perspectives on quality control, risk management, and analytical quality management.  

PubMed

Quality control (QC) practices are changing in US laboratories as Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services adopts individualized QC plans as a new option for compliance with the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments regulations. The Joint Commission provides general guidance for applying risk management in health care organizations. The EP23A (Evaluation Protocol 23A) document from the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute provides specific guidance on the use of risk management for developing analytical QC plans. Medical laboratories should integrate risk management tools with existing quality management techniques and activities to provide an overall plan for analytical quality management. PMID:23331725

Westgard, James O

2012-12-20

80

Wildland fire and fuel management: principles for effective ...  

Treesearch

The public and wildland fire management: social science findings for managers. ... Principles include the following: (1) effective communication is a product of effective ... Ultimately, a long-term commitment to outreach and education will yield ...

81

Great Lakes: Quality Management Training - Quality Glossary  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

PE:  (Performance Evaluation) A type of audit in which the quantitative data generated in a measurement system are obtained independently and compared with routinely obtained data to evaluate the proficiency of an analyst or laboratory.   From Great Lakes: Quality Management Training - Quality Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing "PE"

2013-07-09

82

Air Quality Management in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several significant program and policy measures have been implemented in Mexico over the past 15 yr to improve air quality. This article provides an overview of air quality management strategies in Mexico, including (1) policy initiatives such as vehicle use restrictions, air quality standards, vehicle emissions, and fuel quality standards, and (2) supporting programs including establishment of a national emission

Adrián Fernández-Bremauntz

2008-01-01

83

Management: Total Army Quality Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This regulation establishes policy, procedures and responsibilities for managing U.S. Army organizations. This regulation serves as the capstone for the AR 5 series of management regulations. Army personnel will use AR-5-1 to develop and implement sound m...

2002-01-01

84

Principled Electronic Consent Management: A Preliminary Research Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consent is a multifaceted concept that has not received much attention in information systems literature. In this paper we categorise current electronic consent decision making systems into first generation, ex-post and principled Electronic Consent Management. We argue for the adoption of principled ECM as a way forward to consent management in information systems, and outline a research framework for ECM,

Christian J. Bonnici; Lizzie Coles-Kemp

2010-01-01

85

A moral principles framework for human resource management ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the analysis of ethical issues in human resource management is legitimate and important. It argues that the theory of ethical relativism should be rejected and that it is meaningful to search for universal moral principles. It then presents a comprehensive framework for making judgments about human resource management ethics that consists of five complementary moral principles

Paul L. Schumann

2001-01-01

86

The effects of integrated supply management practices and environmental management practices on relative competitive quality advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superior quality continues to be central to a manufacturing company's success, and firms are constantly striving for quality advantage over their competition. It is therefore crucial for companies to ensure the sound practice of quality management principles. However, companies must also seek additional avenues to enhance the relative competitive quality advantage of their product offerings. In this context, we examine

Ram Narasimhan; Tobias Schoenherr

2012-01-01

87

The effects of integrated supply management practices and environmental management practices on relative competitive quality advantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superior quality continues to be central to a manufacturing company's success, and firms are constantly striving for quality advantage over their competition. It is therefore crucial for companies to ensure the sound practice of quality management principles. However, companies must also seek additional avenues to enhance the relative competitive quality advantage of their product offerings. In this context, we examine

Ram Narasimhan; Tobias Schoenherr

2011-01-01

88

Designing Performance Management Systems for Total Quality Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on recently proposed principles of total quality management (TQM), takes a system-oriented perspective with regard to the design of performance management systems in organizations. The underlying premiss of this orientation is that methods for managing individual and group performance must be compatible with continuous improvement efforts and customer-based TQM strategies.

David A. Waldman

1994-01-01

89

Academic Success Through Quality-Managed Course Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Principles of quality management, focusing on defect prevention rather than correction, were applied to the design of a graduate biomedicine course in immunology. The principles require clearly stated course mission and objectives, numerous intermediate steps to achieving objectives, immediate feedback on student performance, and immediate…

Reese, Andy C.; Mobley, Mary F.

1996-01-01

90

Academic Success Through Quality-Managed Course Design.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principles of quality management, focusing on defect prevention rather than correction, were applied to the design of a graduate biomedicine course in immunology. The principles require clearly stated course mission and objectives, numerous intermediate steps to achieving objectives, immediate feedback on student performance, and immediate…

Reese, Andy C.; Mobley, Mary F.

1996-01-01

91

Internal versus External Quality Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the findings of research into quality management in Dutch elementary schools using theories of school accountability and school improvement as fundamentals. The study is based on data gathered from almost 1000 school leaders. It attempts to determine whether different types of quality management exist in primary schools.…

Hofman, Roelande H.; Dijkstra, Nynke J.; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2008-01-01

92

A Quality Assurance Management Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

California Air Resources Board (CARB) staff developed a phased integrated approach to implement the Standing Air Monitoring Work Group’s (SAMWG) quality assurance requirements. This approach separates quality assurance requirements into a single project with a management plan and manager, and assigns each requirement to one of three key task areas—standardized methods and procedures measurement standards and tests, and audits. Tasks

Frank W. Chester

1979-01-01

93

Total Quality Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Management is one of the most important elements, which leads to organizational success. There are different kinds of methods, which are used to manage organizations. Many books address and explain management thoughts and ideas. Sometimes we confuse and a...

H. M. Elhlaby

2000-01-01

94

The Geriatric Amputee: Principles of Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report, the proceedings of a workshop, discusses some general principles and techniques of amputation surgery, considers post-operative care and evaluation for functional rehabilitation, and describes various prostheses and currently preferred methods...

1971-01-01

95

A Methodology for Evaluating the Management of Quality in Chilean Construction Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology for the evaluation of quality management in Chilean construction companies is proposed to help companies to design effective and efficient plans for the implementation of total quality management systems in their organizations. This methodology was developed from a study of various international quality awards and the main concepts of quality management available in the literature. Additionally, the principle

A SERPELL; G THENOUX; G OCHOA

96

Total Quality Management in a Knowledge Management Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents theoretical considerations on both similarities and differences between information management and knowledge management and presents a conceptual model of basic knowledge management processes. Discusses total quality management and quality control in the context of information management. (Author/LRW)|

Johannsen, Carl Gustav

2000-01-01

97

Total Quality Management in a Knowledge Management Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents theoretical considerations on both similarities and differences between information management and knowledge management and presents a conceptual model of basic knowledge management processes. Discusses total quality management and quality control in the context of information management. (Author/LRW)

Johannsen, Carl Gustav

2000-01-01

98

Managing Project Based Learning: Principles from the Field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This investigation describes classroom management,techniques used by teachers who,were expert in the use of project-basedlearning instructional strategies. The authors interviewed 12 teachers, and subjected their descriptions of classroom practice to a qualitative analysis. Fifty-three classroom management,principles emerged, grouped under seven themes and 18 sub-themes. Themes included: Time Management, Getting Started, Establishing a Culture that Stresses Student Self- Management, Managing

John R. Mergendoller

99

[Quality management in palliative care].  

PubMed

The author, former chief of a medical department and experienced in quality management, describes the development of quality standards by palliative ch, the Swiss Society for Palliative Care. These standards are the basis for explicit quality-criteria. The performance of an institution for palliative care is evaluated against these criteria, during an audit and peer review. Further information is given concerning the label Quality in Palliative Care. The author describes the importance oft the PDCA-cycle as an instrument for permanent improvement. Institutions with little experience in quality management are adviced to start on a smaller scale and use internal audits. Finally the author gives some thoughts as to the limitations of quality management in palliative care. PMID:22334204

Cottier, Christoph

2012-02-01

100

Integrating Agronomic Principles with Management Experience in Introductory Agronomy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the use of a cropping systems project to teach agronomic principles and crop management techniques, and to enhance communication skills. Provides a sample progress report instructions sheet which was used for the project. (Author/RT)

Vorst, J. J.

1989-01-01

101

Total Quality Management and Cost of Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Before we start analysing the philosophy of Total Quality Management it is worthwhile going back to the early days of quality and the quality movement. In fact, the quality concept dates back to the creation of Adam and Eve: “And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good”. (Genesis A 31). It is remarkable that at the end of each day, looking at his creations God was saying, “This is good”. However, at the end of the sixth day, after he finished the creation of human beings, he said, “This is very good”. It is amazing that he did not say, “This is excellent”. This is because excellence is something that we gain after tireless effort. God left room for improvement in order to challenge us and make our life more attractive, which has really happened!

Hadjicostas, Evsevios

102

A Framework for Telescope Data Quality Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Whether an astronomer performs his or her own observations, or uses previously observed data extracted from an archive, the question "Can I meet my scientific objectives using this data?" must be answered. To do this, four categories of quality should be evaluated: observing system quality, observability, raw data quality and derived data quality. Devices and individual software modules must be operating properly to complete the observation when it is scheduled. The raw data must meet global standards for completeness and accuracy, and specific standards set by the astronomer. Additionally, the datasets must be accessible and sufficiently complete for the science to be performed. A framework for managing quality based on data quality rules is presented, derived from an 18-month prototyping exercise at the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in Green Bank, WV. A primary goal was to retain the astronomer's control over his or her evaluations. These quality management principles could be extended to any telescope or data production facility for which an interpretation of data is critical.

Radziwill, N. M.; Duplain, R. F.

2006-07-01

103

Implementing supply chain quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a strategic framework for the development of supply chain quality management (SCQM). The framework integrates both vision- and gap-driven change approaches to evaluate not only the implementation gaps but also their potential countermeasures. Based on literature review, drivers of supply chain quality are identified. They are: supply chain competence, critical success factors (CSF), strategic components, and SCQ

Chu-Hua Kuei; Christian N. Madu; Chinho Lin

2008-01-01

104

Does quantity generate quality? Testing the fundamental principle of brainstorming.  

PubMed

The purpose of this work is to test the chief principle of brainstorming, formulated as "quantity generates quality." The study is included within a broad program whose goal is to detect the strong and weak points of creative techniques. In a sample of 69 groups, containing between 3 and 8 members, the concurrence of two commonly accepted criteria was established as a quality rule: originality and utility or value. The results fully support the quantity-quality relation (r = .893): the more ideas produced to solve a problem, the better quality of the ideas. The importance of this finding, which supports Osborn's theory, is discussed, and the use of brainstorming is recommended to solve the many open problems faced by our society. PMID:16255388

Muñoz Adánez, Alfredo

2005-11-01

105

On Deming’s principle of human resource management: a statistical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years there has been a revolutionary approach in business, governments and industry due to advances in computer technology and efficient statistical methods. This paper examines and offers practical suggestions for those in human resource improvement in output quality and the workplace atmosphere in light of Deming’s principles of human resource management.

M. Ishaq Bhatti; Kuldeep Kumar; Michelle Schofield

1998-01-01

106

Laboratory Quality Control Based on Risk Management  

PubMed Central

Risk management is the systematic application of management policies, procedures, and practices to the tasks of analyzing, evaluating, controlling and monitoring risk (the effect of uncertainty on objectives). Clinical laboratories conduct a number of activities that could be considered risk management including verification of performance of new tests, troubleshooting instrument problems and responding to physician complaints. Development of a quality control plan for a laboratory test requires a process map of the testing process with consideration for weak steps in the preanalytic, analytic and postanalytic phases of testing where there is an increased probability of errors. Control processes that either prevent or improve the detection of errors can be implemented at these weak points in the testing process to enhance the overall quality of the test result. This manuscript is based on a presentation at the 2nd International Symposium on Point of Care Testing held at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia on October 12-13, 2010. Risk management principles will be reviewed and progress towards adopting a new Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute Guideline for developing laboratory quality control plans based on risk management will be discussed.

Nichols, James H.

2011-01-01

107

Quality Management: Issues for Human Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total Quality Management (TQM) is very much the term of the 1990s. While much of the theory which underlines TQM is not new, the 'packaging' has helped it assume a great deal of prominence in recent times. It is frequently promoted as the key to business survival in an increasingly competitive, quality and cost-conscious world.TQM has potentially significant implications for

Alan Brown

1996-01-01

108

Risk-based principles for defining and managing water security.  

PubMed

The concept of water security implies concern about potentially harmful states of coupled human and natural water systems. Those harmful states may be associated with water scarcity (for humans and/or the environment), floods or harmful water quality. The theories and practices of risk analysis and risk management have been developed and elaborated to deal with the uncertain occurrence of harmful events. Yet despite their widespread application in public policy, theories and practices of risk management have well-known limitations, particularly in the context of severe uncertainties and contested values. Here, we seek to explore the boundaries of applicability of risk-based principles as a means of formalizing discussion of water security. Not only do risk concepts have normative appeal, but they also provide an explicit means of addressing the variability that is intrinsic to hydrological, ecological and socio-economic systems. We illustrate the nature of these interconnections with a simulation study, which demonstrates how water resources planning could take more explicit account of epistemic uncertainties, tolerability of risk and the trade-offs in risk among different actors. PMID:24080616

Hall, Jim; Borgomeo, Edoardo

2013-09-30

109

Surgical management principles of gunshot-related fractures.  

PubMed

This article discusses contemporary management strategies for gunshot-related fractures with special attention paid to the initial evaluation, role of debridement, principles of fixation, need and duration of antibiotic therapy, and management of sequelae. Pertinent sequelae detailed are fractures associated with vascular injury, compartment syndrome, massive loss of soft tissue and bone, nerve injury, and lead toxicity. PMID:24095069

Tosti, Rick; Rehman, Saqib

2013-08-01

110

Total quality management: achieving service excellence.  

PubMed

Total Quality Management (TQM) provides a philosophy and a method for organizational renewal and redesign. It is based on the principle that productive work is accomplished through processes. Improving these processes requires the office team to objectively measure performance, discover root causes of problems, take corrective action, determine the effect of these actions, and secure achievements. TQM is a technique that provides a series of steps and set of tools. Through staff involvement and a desire for quality improvement, organizations involved in total quality note the accompanying satisfaction in taking constructive action, improving patient relations, and achieving service excellence. In today's competitive delivery environment, implementation of TQM can result in more satisfied patients, higher staff morale, and a more effective office team. PMID:9161134

Adelson, R

1997-01-01

111

Air quality management in Mexico.  

PubMed

Several significant program and policy measures have been implemented in Mexico over the past 15 yr to improve air quality. This article provides an overview of air quality management strategies in Mexico, including (1) policy initiatives such as vehicle use restrictions, air quality standards, vehicle emissions, and fuel quality standards, and (2) supporting programs including establishment of a national emission inventory, an air pollution episodes program, and the implementation of exposure and health effects studies. Trends in air pollution episodes and ambient air pollutant concentrations are described. PMID:18080895

Fernández-Bremauntz, Adrián

2008-01-01

112

[Informatics data quality and management].  

PubMed

While the quality of data affects every aspect of business, it is frequently overlooked in terms of customer data integration, data warehousing, business intelligence and enterprise applications. Regardless of which data terms are used, a high level of data quality is a critical base condition essential to satisfy user needs and facilitate the development of effective applications. In this paper, the author introduces methods, a management framework and the major factors involved in data quality assessment. Author also integrates expert opinions to develop data quality assessment tools. PMID:19472110

Feng, Rung-Chuang

2009-06-01

113

Emerging Principles for Using Information\\/Education in Wilderness Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on information\\/education as a wilderness management practice are highly diverse, pro- viding both theoretical and empirical understanding, employing a variety of message types and media, and addressing a variety of management issues and target audiences. Generally, these studies suggest that infor- mation\\/education can be an effective and desirable management tool. Moreover, a number of principles for using information\\/education tools

ROBERT E. MANNING

2003-01-01

114

Total quality management issues in managed care.  

PubMed

The implementation of total quality management (TQM) in health care has gone on in parallel with the growth of managed care. What is the interaction between the two? Key issues are the ascendance of cost control over quality in many areas, erosion of employee commitment and loyalty, and a short-run orientation. Associated with this is an emphasis on organizational learning rather than learning by autonomous professionals. Both TQM and managed care acknowledge the dynamic nature of clinical processes and the ability and responsibility of both institutions and clinicians to improve their processes. Both are consistent with efforts to identify and implement best practices. However, these similarities should not mask fundamental differences. Continuous improvement must shift its focus from avoiding unnecessary variation to facilitating rapid organizational learning and institutionalizing mass customization into the delivery of health services. PMID:9327355

McLaughlin, C P; Kaluzny, A D

1997-01-01

115

Business Principles and Management. Curriculum Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This senior high school curriculum guide offers a general overview of the American business system and a study of various forms of business ownership, internal organization and management functions of business, and the financing of business. Ten areas are explored in the course: (1) capitalism; (2) money, credit, and banking; (3) government and…

Clemson Univ., SC. Vocational Education Media Center.

116

The Principles of Marketing and Relationship Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the concepts of marketing and relationship management as they apply to libraries. Topics include perceptions of the profession; environments that libraries operate in; connecting content and users through access and services; and the need for reliable and consistent collection of effective data. (Author/LRW)

Soules, Aline

2001-01-01

117

Applying holistic principles in management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In preparing managers for the uncertainty, threats and opportunities posed by the challenge of frequent and unexpected changes in organizations and markets, an alternative to a traditional Western viewpoint is a holistic approach that embodies balance and harmony, sees more subtle relationships and avoids the tensions of opposites. The purpose of this paper is to report the derivation

Erella Shefy; Eugene Sadler-Smith

2006-01-01

118

COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLES AND DEMANDS EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

capital companies. They are operated by a bit different rules than those indicated by the doctrines of the Rochdale pioneers. It is impossible to explain them using the classical model of cooperative management. They are very often a cross between the interests of a farmer - member of the cooperative as a user and a farmer - shareholder (Gvillbuzo, Perrot,

Danuta Mierzwa

119

The Principles of Marketing and Relationship Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the concepts of marketing and relationship management as they apply to libraries. Topics include perceptions of the profession; environments that libraries operate in; connecting content and users through access and services; and the need for reliable and consistent collection of effective data. (Author/LRW)|

Soules, Aline

2001-01-01

120

Service Quality Management Systems: An Annotated Bibliography.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography is intended to provide a resource for those interested in gaining an introduction to the area of service quality management systems. Service quality management systems are concerned with optimizing the customer-supplier quality relations...

W. R. Young

1992-01-01

121

Improving quality in a matrix management environment by documenting key processes using project management tools  

SciTech Connect

The Facilities Organization at Sandia has undergone many changes in the past five years. Management has made a commitment to improve the matrix management system and apply quality principles to the organization. This management commitment enabled Facilities to use project management tools for defining and documenting Facilities key processes. The resulting documentation included implementation plans for defining participant roles and responsibilities, identifying critical success factors, measuring performance, and ensuring continuous improvement. All of this resulted in benefits that demonstrate the value of project management and show how project management and quality are intertwined.

Furaus, J.P.; Williams, J.L.; McKeever, P.S.; Figueroa-McInteer, C.; Glidewell, D.D.

1993-07-01

122

Quality Management and Calibration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Good specification of a product’s performance requires adequate characterization of relevant properties. Particulate products are usually characterized by some PSD, shape or porosity parameter(s). For proper characterization, adequate sampling, dispersion, and measurement procedures should be available or developed and skilful personnel should use appropriate, well-calibrated/qualified equipment. The characterization should be executed, in agreement with customers, in a wellorganized laboratory. All related aspects should be laid down in a quality handbook. The laboratory should provide proof for its capability to perform the characterization of stated products and/or reference materials within stated confidence limits. This can be done either by internal validation and audits or by external GLP accreditation.

Merkus, Henk G.

123

Implementing total quality management (TQM) in health-care laboratories.  

PubMed

Health-care organizations are beginning to apply the principles of total quality management (TQM). Implementing TQM in a health-care laboratory requires incorporating quality improvement (QI) and quality planning (QP) with quality laboratory practices (QLP), quality control (QC), and quality assurance (QA) to provide a complete quality management system. QI and QP can be initiated by developing a strategic plan as a pilot QI project. QI project teams are then introduced to accomplish the highest priority goals. This implementation approach improves strategic planning by using group problem-solving tools and techniques, such as process flow charts, brainstorming, nominal group, fishbone diagrams, consensus decision making, and Pareto analysis. The approach also improves the success of project teams by providing a clear management agenda and a commitment to project-by-project QI. PMID:10113715

Westgard, J O; Barry, P L; Tomar, R H

124

Total Quality Management: Time for a Theory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper states that Total Quality is a goal that requires Quality Leadership to be reached. Important elements in what is called Total Quality Management are; Quality innovation, -maintenance, and -improvement. TQM is carried out through: (1) New norms ...

A. Aune

1991-01-01

125

Principles and management of adrenal cancer  

SciTech Connect

This book provides information on adrenal diseases of latest developments and guides the clinicians in the care of their patients. The book is divided into two parts. The first section gives an overview of the embryology, anatomy, physiology, markers, pathology, imaging and the current progress in the field. The second edition covers specific diseases of the adrenal cortex and medulla. The increasingly significant roles played by steroids, catecholamines, blockers, computed tomography and magnetic resonance are elucidated and discussed. The contents include: Overview of progress; current problems, and perspectives - embryology anatomy, physiology, and biologic markers; pathology; advances in diagnosis; imaging techniques; adrenal disorders in childhood; primary aldosteronism; Cushing's syndrome; carcinoma; pheochromocytoma; neuroblastoma; metastatic disease; surgical management; and subject index.

Javadpour, N.

1987-01-01

126

Principles of surgical management of musculoskeletal conditions.  

PubMed

Practical procedures for treatment of fractures and dislocations have been used since the time of Hippocrates in fourth century BC. Orthopaedic surgery became a recognized part of surgical treatment since the mid-nineteenth century, but saw major developments with the invention of x-rays and antibiotics in the early part of the twentieth century. Though orthopaedic surgery had started with an interest in the correction of deformities in children, the major musculoskeletal problems facing orthopaedic surgery today relate to osteoarthritis, trauma (including sports injuries), and osteoporosis. The practice of orthopaedic surgery has evolved with technology: advances in engineering and material science and increasing expectations towards faster rehabilitation have moved orthopaedics into the era of joint replacements, arthroscopy, and less invasive surgical procedures. This chapter aims to provide an evidence-based condensed overview of the surgical management for a broad spectrum of musculoskeletal disorders encountered by primary-care clinicians and rheumatologists. PMID:18519101

Venkatesh, Ramakrishnan

2008-06-01

127

Improving the quality of internal audit functions through total quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In today’s fast-paced and ever-changing audit environment, an improved quality of the internal audit function is essential to the success of internal auditors. Suggests total quality management (TQM) as a means of achieving continuous quality improvements in internal audit functions. Proposes primarily to: examine TQM principles and their relevance for internal audit functions; and discuss the benefits of proper implementation

Zabihollah Rezaee

1996-01-01

128

Indoor Air Quality Management Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to provide Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) management guidance, Anne Arundel County Public Schools was selected by the Maryland State Department of Education to develop a program that could be used by other school systems. A major goal was to produce a handbook that was "user friendly." Hence, its contents are a mix of history, philosophy,…

Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Annapolis, MD.

129

CHAIN QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN COOPERATIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between the chosen quality strategy and the vertical co-ordination mechanism of a focal company by using new institutional economics, as well as strategic management approaches. The theoretical findings are tested using evidence from 19 of the largest Polish dairy cooperatives, surveyed in spring 2006. The results show that all co-ops recognise the changing market requirements

Jon Henrich Hanf; Agata Pieniadz

2007-01-01

130

Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan  

SciTech Connect

The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs.

Waste Management Group

2006-08-14

131

Infant metabolic screening: a total quality management approach.  

PubMed

The principles of total quality management (TQM) were used to improve the infant metabolic screening program in a large urban hospital. Three quality indicators needed improvement; unsatisfactory specimen quality, delayed delivery to the state laboratory for testing, and specimen slips missing the date of collection. A multidisciplinary team identified the root causes of the poor quality and implemented remedies. Dramatic improvement in three infant screening indicators occurred within a 4-month period. Evaluation of the three indicators continued for the following 3-year period. Quality improvement programs that involve a multidisciplinary approach benefit the patient and staff and may reduce costs. PMID:9170588

Forsberg, S A

132

Principles of Empirically Supported Interventions Applied to Anger Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article applies the Principles of Empirically Supported Interventions (PESI) in counseling psychology to anger management with adults. The review suggests that there is empirical support for cognitive-behavioral interventions generally and for four specific interventions (relaxation, cognitive, behavioral skill enhancement, and combinations…

Deffenbacher, Jerry L.; Oetting, Eugene R.; DiGiuseppe, Raymond A.

2002-01-01

133

To Facilitate Knowledge Management Using Basic Principles of Knowledge Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge Management and Knowledge Engineering are two important concepts in recent years. Knowledge Engineering is the aspect of systems engineering which addresses uncertain process requirements by emphasizing the acquisition of knowledge about a process and representing this knowledge in a Knowledge-based System. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how to use the basic principles of knowledge engineering to

Xiaohui Yang

2009-01-01

134

Learning Characteristics of Small Business Managers: Principles for Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to report on the second half of a two-part study that identified relevant content for safety audit training in small businesses. The specific aim of the paper is to determine the preferred learning styles and approaches of managers in these businesses in order to identify some principles which could be used to tailor…

Jeffrey, Lynn M.; Hide, Sophie; Legg, Stephen

2010-01-01

135

Quality management and quality of care in nursing homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study the appropriateness of applying “manufacturing sector” quality management strategies to residential care homes sector and to analyze its influence on the quality of care. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Observation and in-depth interviews were conducted with 41 Spanish care home top and middle managers, consultants and employees. Findings – The quality management paradigm

Iñaki Heras; Ernesto Cilleruelo; Jon Iradi

2008-01-01

136

ECONOMIC/FINANCIAL ANALYSIS OF URBAN WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

Procedures for evaluating the technical, economic, and financial aspects of urban water quality management planning problems are presented. Accepted principles of benefit-cost analysis are used to conduct the economic analysis. Benefits are measured as the reduction in damages as...

137

Total Quality Management (TQM) of Teaching and Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Asserts that a possible avenue for achieving national goals for undergraduate education lies in the application of total quality management (TQM) principles to teaching and learning. Discusses the TQM approach in industry and presents a TQM teaching/learning model in which the student is perceived as a customer. (CFR)|

Chizmar, John F.

1994-01-01

138

Total Quality Management (TQM): High School/College Course Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Total Quality Management (TQM) course was designed to introduce students to the principles and tools of TQM in a full-semester course in high schools or community colleges. The course includes all the competencies found in TQM and is intended to be taught with an interactive method in which students are involved in the learning process. This…

Leigh, David

139

Total Quality Management (TQM): High School/College Course Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Total Quality Management (TQM) course was designed to introduce students to the principles and tools of TQM in a full-semester course in high schools or community colleges. The course includes all the competencies found in TQM and is intended to be taught with an interactive method in which students are involved in the learning process. This…

Leigh, David

140

[Quality management in animal welfare].  

PubMed

In the EC since Jan. 1st 2006 the Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 requires also in the field of animal welfare uniform official controls of a consistently high quality on the basis of documented procedures. Rised demands for the administration necessitate nowadays an all-embracing conception and controlling of the system. Therefore the land of Lower Saxony developed an uniform process-oriented conception for all involved official authorities based on ISO 9001 (EQUINO -Uniform Quality Management in Official Organisations for Consumer Protection in Lower Saxony) and implemented it including a system of internal audits. PMID:17484501

Stehr, D; Baumgarte, J

2007-04-01

141

An Institutional Quality Improvement Initiative for Pain Management for Pediatric Cancer Inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care institutions must use the principles of quality improvement to demonstrate appropriate assessment and effective management of pain. Here, we describe the quality improvement initiative implemented at our pediatric institution to improve the quality of pain management. We conducted chart audits for the previous 24 hours during which patients received inpatient care. Over six years, 2,478 charts were audited

Linda L. Oakes; Doralina L. Anghelescu; Kelley B. Windsor; Patricia D. Barnhill

2008-01-01

142

Principles of ethics: in managing a critical care unit.  

PubMed

Managing a critical care unit can present many challenges for those whose roles have been only as clinicians. The administrative position presents many new ethical issues that challenge both traditional medical and nursing ethics. The use of the basic ethical principles in these administrative issues may be less familiar. Ethical principles that guide the practice of professionals and their new position are explored and their use described in both positions. Traditional ethical issues include: utilitarianism, natural law, autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, paternalism, justice, duty, rationing, informed consent, and withdrawing treatment. Conflicts in ethical issues are a natural consequence of the dual role of the professional. PMID:17242602

Thompson, Dan R

2007-02-01

143

ISO 9000 Quality Management System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ISO 9000 series describes a quality management system applicable to any organization. In this chapter we present the requirements of the standard in a way that is as close as possible to the needs of analytical laboratories. The sequence of the requirements follows that in the ISO 9001:2008 standard. In addition, the guidelines for performance improvement set out in the ISO 9004 are reviewed. Both standards should be used as a reference as well as the basis for further elaboration.

Hadjicostas, Evsevios

144

Knowledge management as perceived by quality practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to explore the relationship between knowledge management and quality management with a particular focus on the role of quality culture. The paper also aims to address the assumption that as knowledge management reaches its maturity, in terms of acceptance as an important part of doing business in the modern world, quality will again become the

Dianne Waddell; Deb Stewart

2008-01-01

145

Principled negotiation and distributed optimization for advanced air traffic management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's aircraft/airspace system faces complex challenges. Congestion and delays are widespread as air traffic continues to grow. Airlines want to better optimize their operations, and general aviation wants easier access to the system. Additionally, the accident rate must decline just to keep the number of accidents each year constant. New technology provides an opportunity to rethink the air traffic management process. Faster computers, new sensors, and high-bandwidth communications can be used to create new operating models. The choice is no longer between "inflexible" strategic separation assurance and "flexible" tactical conflict resolution. With suitable operating procedures, it is possible to have strategic, four-dimensional separation assurance that is flexible and allows system users maximum freedom to optimize operations. This thesis describes an operating model based on principled negotiation between agents. Many multi-agent systems have agents that have different, competing interests but have a shared interest in coordinating their actions. Principled negotiation is a method of finding agreement between agents with different interests. By focusing on fundamental interests and searching for options for mutual gain, agents with different interests reach agreements that provide benefits for both sides. Using principled negotiation, distributed optimization by each agent can be coordinated leading to iterative optimization of the system. Principled negotiation is well-suited to aircraft/airspace systems. It allows aircraft and operators to propose changes to air traffic control. Air traffic managers check the proposal maintains required aircraft separation. If it does, the proposal is either accepted or passed to agents whose trajectories change as part of the proposal for approval. Aircraft and operators can use all the data at hand to develop proposals that optimize their operations, while traffic managers can focus on their primary duty of ensuring aircraft safety. This thesis describes how an aircraft/airspace system using principled negotiation operates, and reports simulation results on the concept. The results show safety is maintained while aircraft have freedom to optimize their operations.

Wangermann, John Paul

146

Integrating modal-based NDE techniques and bridge management systems using quality management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intent of bridge management systems is to help engineers and managers determine when and where to spend bridge funds such that commerce and the motoring public needs are satisfied. A major shortcoming which states are experiencing is the NBIS data available is insufficient to perform certain functions required by new bridge management systems, such as modeling bridge deterioration and predicting costs. This paper will investigate how modal based nondestructive damage evaluation techniques can be integrated into bridge management using quality management principles. First, quality from the manufacturing perspective will be summarized. Next, the implementation of quality management in design and construction will be reinterpreted for bridge management. Based on this, a theory of approach will be formulated to improve the productivity of a highway transportation system.

Sikorsky, Charles S.

1997-05-01

147

Pathological principles in the management of spinal cord trauma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pathological principles governing early management of spinal cord trauma are:1. The anatomical features of capacity, blood supply, and spinal cord structure.2. The mechanisms by which the trauma is caused: flexion, extension and rotation, together with crushing, stretching and concussion.3. The neural pathological pictures which emerge(i) Haematomyelia of the cord, with many manifestations caused by direct compression and direct interference with

G M Bedbrook

1966-01-01

148

Application of TQM principles to the utilization management process.  

PubMed

Application of the philosophy and principles of TQM and CQI to utilization management within an institution necessitates an in-depth review of the systems and processes of the flow of inpatients throughout their stay. This encompasses a total systems perspective, beginning with the admitting process and going through the discharge process. TQM and CQI philosophies identify that the most significant and costly inefficiencies are due to faulty systems and processes, not individuals. Applying this management strategy to a health care institution requires a detailed review and analysis of processes by which service is delivered and requires evaluation of the outcomes of patient care and patient satisfaction. PMID:10118412

Miller, J B; Rose, M S; Milakovich, M; Rosasco, E J

149

[Atopic dermatitis in children: general principles of management].  

PubMed

Atopic dermatitis is the most frequent dermatosis in childhood. Numerous studies underscored the central role of skin barrier alterations in the pathogenesis of the inflammatory skin lesions. The management of atopic dermatitis has to be multidimensional. It combines among others some daily local care and a sporadic topical anti-inflammatory treatment during the acute flare-ups. The objective of this article is to summarize, in light of the recent European guidelines, the general principles of management of atopic dermatitis, for the general practitioner. PMID:23621040

Takeuchi, Yusuke Leo; Christen-Zaech, Stéphanie

2013-04-01

150

Towards managing quality cost: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most effective tools for evaluating the success of a quality management programme is the measurement of quality costs (prevention, appraisal and failure costs). The application of the concept of quality costs originated in the early 1950s. A systematic approach is needed for measuring quality costs. This paper describes a case study to capture quality costs in a

S. B. Jaju; R. P. Mohanty; R. R. Lakhe

2009-01-01

151

Integration of strategic management and quality assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of quality assurance and strategic management in higher education. The study presents the concept of the quality map, which is a graphical representation of the quality assurance system. The quality map explicitly takes into account the environment, strategic planning and the internal processes of the organisation. The quality map helps

Juha Kettunen

152

Leadership and quality management practices in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to examine the effects of leadership behaviors on quality management (QM) practices and their effects on quality performance of manufacturing companies in Thailand. The hypotheses were that leadership leads to infrastructure practices, which in turn support quality practices. These quality practices improve quality performance. This was tested using a structural equation model. In general, the

Tipparat Laohavichien; Lawrence D. Fredendall; R. Stephen Cantrell

2011-01-01

153

Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurement Systems. Volume I. Principles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Handbook includes guiding principles and recommended procedures for achieving quality assurance in air pollution measurement systems. Vol. I contains brief discussions of elements of quality assurance. Expanded discussions of technical points, includ...

C. Nelson D. J. von Lehmden

1976-01-01

154

[Quality management in intensive care medicine].  

PubMed

Treatment of critical ill patients in the intensive care unit is tantamount to well-designed risk or quality management. Several tools of quality management and quality assurance have been developed in intensive care medicine. In addition to extern quality assurance by benchmarking with regard to the intensive care medicine, peer review procedures have been established for external quality assurance in recent years. In the process of peer review of an intensive care unit (ICU), external physicians and nurses visit the ICU, evaluate on-site proceedings, and discuss with the managing team of the ICU possibilities for optimization. Furthermore, internal quality management in the ICU is possible based on the 10 quality indicators of the German Interdisciplinary Society for Intensive Care Medicine (DIVI, "Deutschen Interdisziplinären Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin"). Thereby every ICU has numerous possibilities to improve their quality management system. PMID:23846174

Martin, J; Braun, J-P

2013-09-01

155

Quality and Safety Management in Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a theoretical standpoint, quality management and safety management programs have similar characteristics. In construction work, a company's ability to deliver a quality product in a safe manner is the key to business success. In order to better understand what contributes to successful quality and safety programs in construction, a literature review was conducted using general, engineering, and business literature

Todd W. Loushine; Peter L.T. Hoonakker; Pascale Carayon; Michael J. Smith

2006-01-01

156

Quality Assurance Audits and Hotel Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

An hotel is an enterprise that must assure adequate quality of service in order to satisfy customers and to succeed in a very competitive market. Quality assurance, being a management task, must be planned and controlled. This article outlines audits of quality assurance systems as an important management aid in hotel operations. ‘Audits' are formal and systematic evaluations and show

Walter Willborn

1986-01-01

157

Integration of quality and environmental management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses quality and environmental management systems integration. Concepts of a system and a “system of systems” are addressed, followed by a description of different management systems, and their interrelations and integration. Subsequently, strategies for integration of the quality system based on the ISO 9001 standard and the ISO 14001 environmental management system are presented. The harmonization of related audit sub-systems,

Stanislav Karapetrovic; Walter Willborn

1998-01-01

158

Information architecture for supply chain quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

As quality requirements play a crucial role in supply chain management (SCM), enterprises require appropriate information architecture to address evolving supply chain needs. Information architecture for supply chain quality management has drawn much attention from the research community and the industry in recent years. Recent research explores the role of service-oriented architecture (SOA), RFID, agent, workflow management, and the Internet

Li Da Xu

2011-01-01

159

Role of HIM Professionals in Quality Management  

PubMed Central

Abstract HIM professionals have always been actively involved in various aspects of healthcare quality management. In the decade since publication of To Err Is Human, the scope and volume of quality management activities have accelerated. Having quality at the forefront of the national agenda has inevitably created employment opportunities as well as expansion of professional responsibilities. This article describes the contemporary quality-related functions of HIM professionals and the core competencies necessary to support these functions.

Spath, Patrice L

2009-01-01

160

Lean management systems: creating a culture of continuous quality improvement.  

PubMed

This is the first in a series of articles describing the application of Lean management systems to Laboratory Medicine. Lean is the term used to describe a principle-based continuous quality improvement (CQI) management system based on the Toyota production system (TPS) that has been evolving for over 70 years. Its origins go back much further and are heavily influenced by the work of W Edwards Deming and the scientific method that forms the basis of most quality management systems. Lean has two fundamental elements--a systematic approach to process improvement by removing waste in order to maximise value for the end-user of the service and a commitment to respect, challenge and develop the people who work within the service to create a culture of continuous improvement. Lean principles have been applied to a growing number of Healthcare systems throughout the world to improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of services for patients and a number of laboratories from all the pathology disciplines have used Lean to shorten turnaround times, improve quality (reduce errors) and improve productivity. Increasingly, models used to plan and implement large scale change in healthcare systems, including the National Health Service (NHS) change model, have evidence-based improvement methodologies (such as Lean CQI) as a core component. Consequently, a working knowledge of improvement methodology will be a core skill for Pathologists involved in leadership and management. PMID:23757036

Clark, David M; Silvester, Kate; Knowles, Simon

2013-06-11

161

Total Quality Management: Directorate of Contract Management Master Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes the Directorate of Contracting Management Total Quality Management implementing plan. It includes a description of the TQM concept, the structure established to complement TQM and goals established by the Directorate of Contract Ma...

1989-01-01

162

41 CFR 102-3.95 - What principles apply to the management of advisory committees?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... What principles apply to the management of advisory committees? 102-3...Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property...

2013-01-01

163

36 CFR 1220.32 - What records management principles must agencies implement?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GENERAL Agency Records Management Responsibilities § 1220.32 What records management principles must agencies...comprehensive records management program provides policies...Records documenting agency business are created or...

2012-07-01

164

Total Quality Management, the Learning Organisation and Post-Compulsory Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews application of total quality management (TQM) principles to higher education and the relationship of learning organizations and TQM; compares TQM principles to other organizational behavior concepts. Concludes that TQM treats organizational change in educational institutions as unproblematic, ignoring issues of power, authority,…

Holloway, David G.

1994-01-01

165

Quality Management in U.S. High Schools: Evidence from the Field.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on a longitudinal study examining implementation of a Quality Management reform based on Deming's seven principles. Interview and survey data from a national sample of purposefully chosen high schools show limited results as to teachers' effective use and institutionalization of TQM principles. The principal's role is critical. (Contains…

Detert, James R.; Bauerly Kopel, Michelle E.; Mauriel, John J.; Jenni, Roger W.

2000-01-01

166

Project management: a quality management approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Excellent publications have been available on project management for many years and much discussion has taken place extolling the virtues of this aspect of management and its great influence on the overall successful operation of organizations in all sectors. When being considered in its generic form, project management can also be applied to any set of activities, and in this

George P. Laszlo

1999-01-01

167

Quality-Centered/Team-Focused Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the nationwide implementation of managed care and the eroding financial base for children's services, social service agencies need new organizational systems to survive. This handbook provides an overview of one new system, Total Quality Management (TQM), as it relates to the child welfare field. The book's chapters are: (1) "Total Quality

Hodge-Williams, John; Wynn, Joy F. Spratley; Godsey, Cheryl Mason

168

The evolution of strategic quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strategic quality management represents a state wherein the organization’s total quality management (TQM) system is tightly interwoven with the strategy formulation process, thereby contributing to a sustainable competitive advantage. Numerous models have been proposed to describe how organizations can fully integrate strategy and TQM. Proposes that organizations undergo evolutionary stages on the way to full integration of strategy and TQM.

Luís María R. Calingo

1996-01-01

169

Quality, Risk and Operations Management: The Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality, just as risk, is measured as a consequence resulting from factors and events defined in terms of the statistical characteristics that underlie these events. Operations management deals with management decisions whose goal is to achieve efficiency and effectiveness in the design, manufacturing and deli very of products and services. In this work, we investigate how quality, risk and operatio

Ron S. Kenett

170

[The application of total quality management (TQM) in quality management of radiation therapy].  

PubMed

The strategies and methods of the total quality management (TQM) need to applied in quality management of radiation therapy. We should improve the level of quality control and quality assurance in radiation therapy. By establishing quality control system in radiation therapy, standardization of radiation therapy workflow, strengthening quality control of devices and physical technique and paying attention to safety protection and staff training. PMID:19565799

Jiang, Rui-yao; Fu, Shen; Li, Bin

2009-03-01

171

Managing the quality of health care.  

PubMed

This article reviews quality of health care initiatives beginning with the quality assessment/quality assurance movement of the 1970s. Conceptually, modern quality of care management is rooted in the intellectual work of Avedis Donabedian who defined quality of care as a combination of structure, process, and outcome. Donabedian's model is presented and some limitations are pointed out. In the late 1980s and 1990s. the health care industry adopted total quality management (TQM). More recently, the pursuit of health care quality has led to substantial performance measurement initiatives such as ORYX by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and MEDIS by the National Commission of Quality Assurance. The importance of CONQUEST, a freely available performance measurement database developed at the Harvard School of Public Health, is noted and discussed. The article concludes with a list of challenges facing public and private parties interests in health care quality improvement. PMID:15188996

Larson, James S; Muller, Andreas

2002-01-01

172

[The principles of radiological quality assessment of water resources].  

PubMed

In the paper the main approaches to radiation safety of water objects have been analyzed. It is shown that radiation safety requirements for drinking water, fixed in the Rules and Regulations on radiation safety, do not ensure radiation safety of water objects used for the complex national economy needs. Application of the conservatism principle (choosing of the worst variant) for radiation safety ensuring is considered and proved. On the base of this principle the model is developed comparing the anthropocentric (sanitary--hygienic) with ecological (biota) principles for ensuring safety of water objects. It is proved, that the application of the Water Radiation Safety Rules currently in force, based on the norms of dose quotas, reserved for regulation of nuclear power plants and industry impact, ensures safety of the water ecological systems. PMID:15700812

Kazakov, S V

173

Guiding Principles for Diabetes Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP) has developed these Guiding Principles for Diabetes Care to help the health care team manage the disease effectively. The principles outline seven essential components of quality diabetes care that form the b...

2004-01-01

174

Cabin Air Quality Management in Automotive Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air quality management in the passenger’s compartment is important for comfort but also for more safety. The complex functionality\\u000a is based on an intelligent network of microsystems like sensors and actuators. The development of an air quality management\\u000a in vehicles from the early state of dust control to today performance is reviewed. As an example an air quality sensor is

Thiemo Kardinahl; Marcus Richter; Ralf Mönkemöller; Klaus Dieter Frers

175

Research into Quality Management and Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a systematic literature review on quality management and social responsibility (focusing on ethical\\u000a and social issues). It uses the literature review to identify the parallels between quality management and social responsibility,\\u000a the extent to which qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods are used, the countries that have contributed most to this\\u000a area, and how the most common quality

Juan José Tarí

2011-01-01

176

AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT CAPABILITY IN ASIAN CITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air pollution continues to pose a significant threat to the environment, quality of life and health of the urban population in Asia. Levels of air pollution in Asian cities regularly exceed World Health Organization recommended guidelines as well as national air quality standards. Many Asian cities have developed some form of air quality management (AQM) system to address the increasing

Cornelius Huizenga; Gary Haq; Dietrich Schwela; Herbert Fabian; May Ajero

177

Soil Quality Management - Concepts and Terms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The industrialization of agriculture and the concurrent increase in societal concerns on environmental protection and food quality have put the focus on agricultural management and its impact on soil quality. Soil quality involves the ability of the soil to maintain an appropriate productivity, while simultaneously reducing the effect on the environment and contributing to human health. This development has

P. Schjønning; S. Elmholt; B. T. Christensen

2004-01-01

178

Quality assurance in managed vision benefits.  

PubMed

Quality assurance is an important responsibility of those who purchase managed vision care benefits. In conducting a quality assurance program, it is important to respect patient confidentiality and the practitioner's right to exercise professional discretion. An effective program will not only accomplish its main objective of attaining high-quality care, but it can also enhance member satisfaction and improve provider relations. PMID:10179949

Rosenthal, J; Soroka, M

1998-06-01

179

Evaluating Quality Management in University Departments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Despite the abundance of research on quality management there is no universal consensus on how best to measure quality in higher education. This paper undertakes a critical evaluation of the different methods used to assess the quality of provision in higher education departments in the UK. Design/methodology/approach: Drawing on…

Becket, Nina; Brookes, Maureen

2006-01-01

180

Treatment principles in the management of open fractures  

PubMed Central

The management of open fractures continues to provide challenges for the orthopedic surgeon. Despite the improvements in technology and surgical techniques, rates of infection and nonunion are still troublesome. Principles important in the treatment of open fractures are reviewed in this article. Early antibiotic administration is of paramount importance in these cases, and when coupled with early and meticulous irrigation and debridement, the rates of infection can be dramatically decreased. Initial surgical intervention should be conducted as soon as possible, but the classic 6 h rule does not seem to be supported in the literature. All open fractures should be addressed for the risk of contamination from Clostridium tetani. When possible, early closure of open fracture wounds, either by primary means or by flaps, can also decrease the rate of infection, especially from nosocomial organisms. Early skeletal stabilization is necessary, which can be accomplished easily with temporary external fixation. Adhering to these principles can help surgeons provide optimal care to their patients and assist them in an early return to function.

Cross, William W; Swiontkowski, Marc F

2008-01-01

181

Principles in the management of a mangled hand  

PubMed Central

Mangling hand injuries are high energy complex conditions that are challenging to manage. They require careful planning and meticulous execution of treatment. A clear set of anatomical and functional goals at the outset guides the planning. The first surgery is crucial to ensure good vascularity to the salvaged tissue, prevent infection and achieve bony stabilization. Re-look surgery and definitive reconstruction can then follow. Post-operative therapy is an important component of treatment. Despite best efforts, outcomes are variable in these devastating injuries. Secondary procedures and provision of prostheses will do much to improve the patient's body image and limb function. This article provides a set of principles that will guide the assessment and treatment of such injuries.

Alphonsus, Chong KS

2011-01-01

182

Justice as a rationale for the controllability principle: A study of managers’ opinions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The controllability principle, which stipulates that managers should only be evaluated based on elements that they can control, has been widely studied in the management control literature, both from theoretical and empirical perspectives. It is based on the idea that the principle leads to better satisfaction of the managers through the neutralization of uncontrollable items in their performance assessment, because

Françoise Giraud; Pascal Langevin; Carla Mendoza

2008-01-01

183

Total quality management -- Remedial actions planning program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the management approach being taken within the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP) Support Contractor Office (SCO) to ensure quality of services in a highly competitive waste management environment. An overview is presented of the contractor support role assigned to Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., by the Department of Energy (DOE) national program for managing hazardous waste.

J. L. Petty; T. E. Horne

1989-01-01

184

Applying total quality management techniques to improve software development.  

PubMed

Total Quality Management (TQM) is a new management philosophy and a set of guiding principles that represent the basis of a continuously improving organization. This paper sheds light on the application of TQM concepts for software development. A fieldwork study was conducted on a Lebanese software development firm and its customers to determine the major problems affecting the organization's operation and to assess the level of adoption of TQM concepts. Detailed questionnaires were prepared and handed out to the firm's managers, programmers, and customers. The results of the study indicate many deficiencies in applying TQM concepts, especially in the areas of planning, defining customer requirements, teamwork, relationship with suppliers, and adopting standards and performance measures. One of the major consequences of these deficiencies is considerably increased programming errors and delays in delivery. Recommendations on achieving quality are discussed. PMID:10589453

Mezher, T; Assem Abdul Malak, M; el-Medawar, H

185

Strategic service quality management for health care.  

PubMed

Quality management has become one of the most important and most debated topics within the service sector. This is especially true for health care, as the controversy rages on how the existing American system should be restructured. Health care reform aimed at reducing costs and ensuring access to all Americans cannot be allowed to jeopardize the quality of care. As such, total quality management (TQM) has become a vital ingredient to strategic planning within the health care domain. At the heart of any such quality improvement effort is the issue of measurement. TQM cannot be effectively utilized as a competitive weapon unless quality can be accurately defined, measured, evaluated, and monitored over time. Through such analysis a hospital can elect how to expend its limited resources toward those quality improvement projects which will impact customer perceptions of service quality the most. Thus, the purpose of this report is to establish a framework by which to approach the issue of quality measurement, delineate the various components of quality that exist in health care, and explore how these elements affect one another. We propose that the issue of quality measurement in health care be approached as an integration of service quality attributes common to other service organizations and technical quality attributes unique to health care. We hope that this research will serve as a first step toward the synthesis of the various quality attributes inherent in the health care domain and encourage other researchers to address the interactions of the various quality attributes. PMID:8763215

Anderson, E A; Zwelling, L A

1996-01-01

186

[Basic principles of risk management in medical practice].  

PubMed

I explain the basic principles of risk management in medical practice. It is most important to understand the different meanings of the following four terms: risk, danger, crisis, and hazard. The word "risk" comes from Latin, and means food necessary to live today and tomorrow. Both medical practitioners and patients need to get over the risk in the process of diagnosis and treatment. The word "danger" means something which can harm us. It is better not to provoke such dangerous things. The word "crisis" comes from Greek, and signifies a turning point meaning life or death. Decision making is the most important at this critical point. The word "hazard" comes from old French for a game of dice. It may lead to an accident in some situations. The social welfare system has continually deteriorated in Japan. We must provide medical services in unsafe circumstances. Medical practitioners promise to do their best, but cannot guarantee a favorable outcome. It is very important to communicate with patients and family members. Doctors and nurses may experience problems with patients and their families. When problems occur regarding a patient, the management of the hospital must support the staff members concerned. PMID:19363994

Karasawa, Hideharu

2009-03-01

187

15 CFR 995.25 - Quality management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...quality management system. (3) Design and...if another quality management system is used) before implementation...appropriate education, training, skills, and expertise...whether the quality management system conforms to...

2013-01-01

188

40 CFR 35.2023 - Water quality management planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Water quality management planning. 35.2023...Treatment Works § 35.2023 Water quality management planning. (a...grants to the States to carry out water quality management planning...

2013-07-01

189

40 CFR 35.2102 - Water quality management planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Water quality management planning. 35.2102...Treatment Works § 35.2102 Water quality management planning. Before...project is: (a) Included in any water quality management plan being...

2013-07-01

190

15 CFR 995.25 - Quality management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality management system. 995.25 Section 995.25...Distributors of NOAA ENC Products § 995.25 Quality management system. (a) Quality management system for CEVADs . (1) CEVAD...

2010-01-01

191

40 CFR 35.2102 - Water quality management planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Water quality management planning. 35.2102 Section...Works § 35.2102 Water quality management planning. Before grant...a) Included in any water quality management plan being implemented...

2009-07-01

192

40 CFR 35.2102 - Water quality management planning.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Water quality management planning. 35.2102 Section...Works § 35.2102 Water quality management planning. Before grant...a) Included in any water quality management plan being implemented...

2010-07-01

193

15 CFR 995.25 - Quality management system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Quality management system. 995.25 Section 995.25...Distributors of NOAA ENC Products § 995.25 Quality management system. (a) Quality management system for CEVADs . (1) CEVAD...

2009-01-01

194

Integrated groundwater quality management in urban areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditionally, groundwater assessments and remediations are approached at the scale of individual groundwater plumes. In urban areas, however, this management of individual groundwater plumes is often problematic for technical, practical or financial reasons, since the groundwater quality is often affected by a combination of sources, including (former) industrial activities, spills and leachate from uncontrolled landfills and building materials. As a result, often a whole series of intermingling contamination plumes is found in large volumes of groundwater. In several countries in the world, this led to stagnation of groundwater remediation in urban areas. Therefore, in the Netherlands there is a tendency managing groundwater in urban areas from an integrated perspective and on a larger scale. This so-called integrated groundwater quality management is often more efficient and hence, cheaper, since the organisation of the management of a cluster of groundwater plumes is much easier than it would be if all individual groundwater plumes were managed at different points in time. Integrated groundwater quality management should follow a tailor-made approach. However, to facilitate practical guidance was developed. This guidance relates to the delineation of the domain, the management of sources for groundwater contamination, procedures for monitoring, and (risk-based) assessment of the groundwater quality. Function-specific risk-based groundwater quality criteria were derived to support the assessment of the groundwater quality.

Swartjes, F. A.; Otte, P. F.

2012-04-01

195

Conflict Management: Using Principled Negotiation to Resolve Workplace Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conflict and negotiation are a fact of everyday work-life, yet they often produce anxiety. Using Principled Negotiation to resolve conflicts can lessen this anxiety and produce good agreements. This article outlines the four principles of Fisher and Ury's Principled Negotiation. Negotiation is a Fact of Life: Negotiation is a fact of everyday work life. Whether for a company of one

R. Nicole Cutts

196

Quality Management: Technical Assistance Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Health Resources and Services Administration's (HRSA) HIV/AIDS Bureau (HAB) is committed to improving the quality of care and services and ultimately the quality of life for people living with HIV and AIDS. HRSA's goals are carried out through four st...

2004-01-01

197

A Study on Integrated Total Quality Management Practices in Technical Institutions - Students' Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) have been successfully adopted and applied in the field of higher education by developed countries such as Japan, USA and UK. In India, especially like Indian Institute of Technology and leading technical institutions are practicing TQM philosophy. TQM has become the most important concept because the quality of the student makes the difference

A. Pal Pandi; U. Surya Rao; D. Jeyathilagar

198

Guidelines to Air Quality Management Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guideline document and its appendices may assist countries with current and projected air pollution problems in developing a systematic and effective Air Quality Management System (AQMS). It is addressed to national, regional and local authorities co...

1979-01-01

199

Water Quality Management and Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A data management system is presented that will aid planners in the implementation of a decision support system which addresses the technical aspects of areawide water quality planning. The basis is the systematic study of the information flows and their ...

A. B. Whinston

1975-01-01

200

Approach for Quality of Service Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We present a translucent QoS management optimization framework for systems that must satisfy application needs along multiple dimensions such as timeliness, reliability, cryptographic security and other application specific quality requirements. The archi...

C. Lee D. Siewiorek

1998-01-01

201

Urban Air Quality Management and Emergency Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recent scientific evidence indicates that current levels of air pollution in European cities are causing significant damage\\u000a to human health. Urban quality management is aimed at reaching safe levels of atmospheric pollutants. The main tasks of decision-making\\u000a for air quality management and emergency response are considered. An example is provided using ozone monitoring data for environmental\\u000a risk assessment and development

Volodymyr I. Nochvai; Angelina V. Shavrina; Oleksandr A. Veles

202

Assessing the Use of Total Quality Management in the Business School Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responses from 318 of 1,000 management faculty indicate that only 11% have a plan to apply total quality management (TQM) principles to course delivery, although 61% report teaching them. Three-fourths cited difficulty in measuring the effectiveness of TQM improvements as an obstacle to application. (SK)|

Bass, Kenneth E.; And Others

1996-01-01

203

Investment Budgeting as a Tool for Quality Management in the School. AIR 1996 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper integrates principles of Total Quality Management (TQM) with those of investment for institutions of higher education. TQM with investment budgeting as one of its critical tools is seen to be essential for effective management in a time of decreasing financial resources. A process for investment budgeting is outlined and explained…

la Grange, AC de W

204

The NCC project: A quality management perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Network Control Center (NCC) Project introduced the concept of total quality management (TQM) in mid-1990. The CSC project team established a program which focused on continuous process improvement in software development methodology and consistent deliveries of high quality software products for the NCC. The vision of the TQM program was to produce error free software. Specific goals were established to allow continuing assessment of the progress toward meeting the overall quality objectives. The total quality environment, now a part of the NCC Project culture, has become the foundation for continuous process improvement and has resulted in the consistent delivery of quality software products over the last three years.

Lee, Raymond H.

1993-11-01

205

The use of principle component analysis in data reduction for GIS Analysis of water quality data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water quality is measured by several key indicators, but its overall composition and spatial distribution is often difficult to discern. In this paper, the authors will explore the usefulness of the application of Principle Component Analysis (PCA)—a statistical database reduction technique- in examining the spatial attributes of water quality indicators (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, COD, BOD, DO, Ph, turbidity, conductivity, Chlorophyll-A) from

M. McAdams; A. Demirci

206

[Quality management and safety culture in medicine: context and concepts].  

PubMed

The publication of the IOM report "To err is human: building a safer health system" in 1999 put spotlight on the primacy of the principle of primum non nocere and made patient safety a central topic of quality management. A key conclusion of the report was the need for a well-developed safety culture. While concepts of quality management have evolved along the lines of ISO and Total Quality Management over the last decades patient safety still has not got the same amount of attention (PubMed). Evidence from other safety-critical areas but also from the field of medicine itself suggests that an efficient culture of safety is a conditio sine qua non for the sustainable improvement of patient safety. Considering these arguments the present paper aims at emphasizing the importance of an efficient culture of safety for patient safety and quality management in healthcare. In addition, key instruments of safety culture as well as their limitations will be presented. PMID:19998781

Wischet, Werner; Eitzinger, Claudia

2009-01-01

207

Source Emissions in Multipollutant Air Quality Management  

EPA Science Inventory

Human activities and natural processes that emit pollutants into the ambient atmosphere are the underlying cause of all air quality problems. In a technical sense, we refer to these activities and processes as pollutant sources. Although air quality management is usually concerne...

208

Managing value and quality in design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of stakeholders in defining project values influences product quality expectations as well as designers expectations in meeting these goals. Ultimately, these determine the functional, physical and symbolic product characteristics that are necessary to achieve customer satisfaction. The issues of value and quality are compared within the context of design management, including their theoretical and philosophical underpinnings as well

Derek S. Thomson; Simon A. Austin; Hannah Devine-Wright; Grant R. Mills

2003-01-01

209

MANAGING SOIL QUALITY: CHALLENGES IN MODERN AGRICULTURE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This review evaluates the contents of the book 'Managing Soil Quality: Challenges in Modern Agriculture' edited by P.Schjønning, S. Elmholt and B.T. Christensen. The book is seen as a positive addition to the soil quality literature, with the major contribution being efforts to set criteria for and...

210

Quality or Control? Management in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past fifteen years the rationale, organisational infrastructure and delivery of social policy in Britain have undergone radical transformation. Whereas efficiency was the key word of the 1980s, quality was the touchstone of the 1990s and quality control with accountability has become the management philosophy of the new millennium.…

Milliken, John; Colohan, Gerry

2004-01-01

211

Quality Management in Pakistan's Readymade Garments' Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pakistan's readymade garments' industry is a key player in Pakistan's industry in general, and its textile industrial output and exports in particular. In a liberalizing international trade regime, quality will be a critical success factor in the international competitiveness of Pakistan's readymade garments. Research in quality management in Pakistan's readymade garments' industry was undertaken. To gain further information, a postal

Mahnaz Fatima; Ejaz Ahmed

2005-01-01

212

Air Quality Risk Assessment and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides (1) a synthesis of the literature on the linkages between air pollution and human health, (2) an overview of quality management approaches in Canada, the United States, and the European Union (EU), and (3) future directions for air quality research. Numerous studies examining short-term effects of air pollution show significant associations between ambient levels of particulate matter

Yue Chen; Lorraine Craig; Daniel Krewski

2008-01-01

213

Quality soil management or soil quality management : performance versus semantics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past 200 years, soil science has used reductionist research to develop agricultural technologies that have unlocked the hidden potential of earth's natural systems to feed, clothe, and provide raw materials to the human population of over six billion. The soil quality paradigm seeks to change that scientific approach, the nomenclature of soil science, and institutional priorities for soil

R. E Sojka; D. R Upchurch; N. E Borlaug

2003-01-01

214

Continuous Quality Improvement and Adult Education: Common Principles, Common Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adult education and Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI) have at least 10 areas of commonality, the most obvious being that they are both client centered. They have gone against the grain of excessive specialization by becoming advocates for interdisciplinary learning and interconnected functions. (JOW)|

Buchen, Irving H.

1995-01-01

215

A quality approach to airport management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses aspects of airport service quality evaluation using fuzzy multicriteria analysis and the alpha-cut concept.\\u000a It presents a fuzzy multicriteria methodology for analysing a complex set of quality variables. This methodology develops\\u000a a step by step set of indicators that allow managers have a holistic view of the quality dimension. It also helps the understanding\\u000a of cause and

Elton Fernandes; Ricardo Rodrigues Pacheco

2010-01-01

216

The Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick W. Taylor: the private printing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Principles of Scientific Management by Frederick W. Taylor began as the text of a fireside lecture and evolved into a classic work of the Scientific Management Era. Taylor failed to convince his colleagues in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers to publish his “Principles” in the ASME Transactions, in spite of an extensive letter writing campaign directed toward the

Carol Carlson Dean

1997-01-01

217

A Study of Trends in the Continuing Development of Management Principles in the 1970S.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fact that most authors of management texts have chosen to approach the subject on an individual basis has led to the need for a review and compilation of management principles. One compilation of principles was accomplished in 1970. A representative s...

G. J. LaPointe

1978-01-01

218

Managing Service Quality with the Balanced Scorecard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to evaluate and utilize library data for the management process, a German project, sponsored by the German Research Council, uses the Balanced Scorecard as the concept for integrated quality management. Performance indicators across the following four perspectives are combined to produce a balanced evaluation of the library: (1) users,…

Poll, Roswitha

219

Managing Service Quality with the Balanced Scorecard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to evaluate and utilize library data for the management process, a German project, sponsored by the German Research Council, uses the Balanced Scorecard as the concept for integrated quality management. Performance indicators across the following four perspectives are combined to produce a balanced evaluation of the library: (1) users,…

Poll, Roswitha

220

Total Quality Management: A Recipe for Success.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Total Quality Management (TQM) is a high level Department of Defense (DOD) initiative that is being touted as the primary management tool to force the fundamental cultural change in the way the DOD conducts business in the systems age. What is TQM. Where ...

M. G. Pazak

1990-01-01

221

Total Quality Management. ERIC Digest, Number 73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Japanese success story has made W. Edwards Deming's Total Quality Management (TQM) theory increasingly popular among American managers, from car manufacturers to educational leaders. TQM is based on two tenets: the primacy of customer satisfaction and the necessity of tapping nontraditional sources (especially employee ideas) to institute…

Weaver, Tyler

222

MANAGING INDOOR AIR QUALITY IN THE USA  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper gives an overview of managing indoor air quality (IAQ) in the U.S. In contrast to outdoor air, which is regulated through various federal and state statutes, there is no unified and comprehensive governmental regulation of IAQ. Therefore, IAQ is managed through variou...

223

Systems-based guiding principles for risk modeling, planning, assessment, management, and communication.  

PubMed

This article is grounded on the premise that the complex process of risk assessment, management, and communication, when applied to systems of systems, should be guided by universal systems-based principles. It is written from the perspective of systems engineering with the hope and expectation that the principles introduced here will be supplemented and complemented by principles from the perspectives of other disciplines. Indeed, there is no claim that the following 10 guiding principles constitute a complete set; rather, the intent is to initiate a discussion on this important subject that will incrementally lead us to a more complete set of guiding principles. The 10 principles are as follows: First Principle: Holism is the common denominator that bridges risk analysis and systems engineering. Second Principle: The process of risk modeling, assessment, management, and communication must be systemic and integrated. Third Principle: Models and state variables are central to quantitative risk analysis. Fourth Principle: Multiple models are required to represent the essence of the multiple perspectives of complex systems of systems. Fifth Principle: Meta-modeling and subsystems integration must be derived from the intrinsic states of the system of systems. Sixth Principle: Multiple conflicting and competing objectives are inherent in risk management. Seventh Principle: Risk analysis must account for epistemic and aleatory uncertainties. Eighth Principle: Risk analysis must account for risks of low probability with extreme consequences. Ninth Principle: The time frame is central to quantitative risk analysis. Tenth Principle: Risk analysis must be holistic, adaptive, incremental, and sustainable, and it must be supported with appropriate data collection, metrics with which to measure efficacious progress, and criteria on the basis of which to act. The relevance and efficacy of each guiding principle is demonstrated by applying it to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration complex Next Generation (NextGen) system of systems. PMID:22548671

Haimes, Yacov Y

2012-05-01

224

Conditional Dependencies: A Principled Approach to Improving Data Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real-life data is often dirty and costs billions of pounds to businesses worldwide each year. This paper presents a promising\\u000a approach to improving data quality. It effectively detects and fixes inconsistencies in real-life data based on conditional\\u000a dependencies, an extension of database dependencies by enforcing bindings of semantically related data values. It accurately\\u000a identifies records from unreliable data sources by

Wenfei Fan; Floris Geerts; Xibei Jia

2009-01-01

225

Outline of a diabetes disease management model: principles and applications.  

PubMed

A complex interactive computer model was developed to determine the health outcomes and economic consequences of different diabetes interventions for user-defined observation periods. The interventions include intensive or conventional insulin therapy, different oral hypoglycaemic medications, different screening and treatment strategies for micro-vascular complications, different treatment strategies for end-stage complications, or multi-factorial interventions. The analyses can be performed on different sub-groups of type 1 and 2 diabetic patients, defined in terms of age, gender, baseline risk factors and pre-existing complications. The model performs real-time simulations. Full on-screen documentation of the model structure, logic, calculations and data sources is available to maximize the model's transparency. Economic and clinical data used in the disease management model are editable by the user, allowing the input of new data as they become available, the creation of country-specific, HMO-specific, or provider-specific versions of the model, and the exploration of new hypotheses ('what-if' analyses). The approach used allows maximum flexibility, adaptability, and transparency within the model structure. For the user-defined patient cohorts and intervention strategies the diabetes disease management model compares life expectancy, expected incidence and prevalence of complications as well as expected life-time (or shorter) treatment cost. Diabetes and complication management strategies can be compared in different patient populations in a variety of realistic clinical settings. The model allows extrapolation of results obtained from relatively short-term clinical trials to longer-term medical outcomes, and from trial populations to real-life populations providing a tangible yardstick to judge the quality of diabetes care. The model was used to evaluate diabetes care options in Germany, France, Switzerland, UK and US. PMID:11080562

Palmer, A J; Brandt, A; Gozzoli, V; Weiss, C; Stock, H; Wenzel, H

2000-11-01

226

What is total quality management for? A manager's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most managers do not know what total quality management (TQM) is. They do know that they have to deal with a great range of problems and they need something to help them; they hope that TQM will do this. What they really need is a system which gives them and their employees a common frame of reference, understanding, and tools

D. N. Lawson

1992-01-01

227

Leadership and management in quality radiology  

PubMed Central

The practice of medical imaging and interventional radiology are undergoing rapid change in recent years due to technological advances, workload escalation, workforce shortage, globalisation, corporatisation, commercialisation and commoditisation of healthcare. These professional and economical changes are challenging the established norm but may bring new opportunities. There is an increasing awareness of and interest in the quality of care and patient safety in medical imaging and interventional radiology. Among the professional organisations, a range of quality systems are available to address individual, facility and system needs. To manage the limited resources successfully, radiologists and professional organisations must be leaders and champion for the cause of quality care and patient safety. Close collaboration with other stakeholders towards the development and management of proactive, long-term, system-based strategies and infrastructures will underpin a sustainable future in quality radiology. The International Radiology Quality Network can play a useful facilitating role in this worthwhile but challenging endeavour.

2007-01-01

228

Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

2006-01-01

229

Quality Risk Management. Modernising the Architecture of Quality Assurance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the world is changing, quality management remains an area of relative calm. Many institutions continue to use elaborated versions of a model that is developed by the Council of Academic Awards and conceived at a time when higher education was not so exposed to market forces, when the policy and regulatory environment was relatively…

Raban, Colin; Turner, Liz

2006-01-01

230

Developing Quality Managers and Quality Management: The Challenge to Leadership in Library Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the use of Total Quality Management (TQM) tools by library managers to develop quality relationships between staff and customers. Topics include building a shared vision, putting the needs of customers before organizational politics, cooperation between levels of employees, communication, teamwork, trust, redesigning processes and…

Orenstein, David

1999-01-01

231

Designing a Mechanized Self-Assessment System Based on Quality Management Systems Using the Expert Systems Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains development of a new mechanized self-assessment model according to principles and requirements of ISO 9004:2000 standard for quality management systems. An expert system has been applied in providing the assessment and scoring questions the experts' knowledge, head auditors of quality management system to design a Mechanized Self Assessment System. The stage of development of this system conforms

K. Rezaie; S. Nazari-Shirkouhi; S. S. Miri-Nargesi

2010-01-01

232

Quality management of pharmacology and safety pharmacology studies.  

PubMed

Pharmacology has traditionally been excluded from the mandatory application of good laboratory practice (GLP) principles. Consensus has been reached through the process of the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH, Topic S7A) with regard to the definitions of the different types of pharmacology studies (ICH S7A): primary pharmacodynamic, secondary pharmacodynamic and safety pharmacology studies, and guidance on the quality standards (expectations for GLP conformity) for these study types have been provided. Primary pharmacodynamic studies are the only study types that are fully exempt from GLP requirements. Secondary pharmacodynamic and safety pharmacology studies are expected to be conducted to GLP quality standards -- preferably to full, formal GLP compliance, when results are used for human safety assessment. At the present time, regulatory authorities will most likely be prepared to exercise flexibility in their requirement for GLP compliance, however, if non-clinical studies used in human safety assessment are not formally in compliance with the principles of GLP, regulatory acceptance may not be guaranteed. Historically, the application of formal GLP standards in safety pharmacology studies appears to vary between test facilities, and a number of study components in safety pharmacology studies, e.g. ECG monitoring, may not always conform to formal GLP standards. Apparently, however, formal GLP standards for these study components can be implemented for a relatively low additional cost. Based on the guidance given in the ICH S7A guideline, it thus appears logical to recommend that test facilities and sponsors consider their organisation of safety pharmacology studies in view of sound study management and formal implementation of GLP, where needed. Organisation of study management should facilitate collaboration across scientific disciplines because a plethora of data, originating from basic pharmacodynamics, toxicology, kinetics, and metabolism, as well as from clinical investigations, are involved in a safety pharmacology assessment. Applying formal GLP standards to safety pharmacology studies, and, when indicated, to secondary pharmacodynamic studies, does not influence the scientific standards of studies. However, applying formal GLP standards will ensure the quality, reliability and integrity of studies, which reflect sound study management. It is important to encourage a positive attitude among researchers and academics towards these lines, whenever possible. GLP principles applied to the management of non-clinical safety studies are appropriate quality standards when studies are used in the context of protecting public health, and these quality standards are therefore obviously pivotal for regulatory acceptance of non-clinical safety studies in general, and of safety pharmacology studies in particular. PMID:12031061

Spindler, Per; Seiler, Jürg P

2002-04-01

233

The benefits of total quality management.  

PubMed

In this article, we will review the implementation of the ISO 9000 quality system in the Department of Nuclear Medicine. We will also discuss the benefits of working with the ISO 9000 standards and explain why we have shifted our focus from ISO 9000 towards the EFQM model. After an introduction concerning Total Quality Management and the EFQM model, we will describe how we have used the EFQM model to date and how we intend to implement TQM in the future. PMID:11137800

Geraedts, H P; Montenarie, R; van Rijk, P P

234

A Combined Incident and Quality Management Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employee and patient-related incident reporting is important to both risk management and quality improvement disciplines and can be used concurrently to facilitate regulatory and accreditation-required data collection and analysis. A comprehensive home health-oriented incident and quality improvement follow-up report form corresponds to a customized electronic database with a menu of reports useful in monitoring, trending, and reporting the home health

Judith King Iversen

1997-01-01

235

Applying total quality management to the North American construction industry  

SciTech Connect

The theory of {open_quotes}if the customer is happy, your business will prosper,{close_quotes} has been around for a long time. It has been applied with a large measure of success to many diverse organizations. This theory has come to be known as total quality management (TQM) and has been credited with turning around some national economies. This may or may not be correct, but there is no doubt that TQM can be very useful when applied properly. There is a great concern among construction professional, researchers, and professional societies about the overall direction of the North American construction industry with respect to its unwillingness or inability to change. Its deficiencies range from planning and design through to project completion. The North American construction industry could be left behind in the global marketplace unless the industry as a whole changes some fundamental aspects. The following is a study of the effectiveness of some TQM principles when applied to a rough framing subcontractor from using traditional construction management principles through the implementation of certain TQM principles. This evolution of the basic methods of doing business demonstrates the effectiveness of TQM. 5 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

McKim, R.A.; Kiani, H.

1995-03-01

236

Quality of care indicators for gout management  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Despite the significant health impact of gout, there is no consensus on management standards. To guide physician practice, we sought to develop quality of care indicators for gout management.\\u000aMETHODS: A systematic literature review of gout therapy was performed using the Medline database. Two abstractors independently reviewed each of the articles for relevance and satisfaction of minimal inclusion criteria.

Ted R. Mikuls; Catherine H. MacLean; Jason Olivieri; Fausto G. Patino; Jeroan J. Allison; John T. Farrar; Warren B. Bilker; Kenneth G. Saag

2004-01-01

237

Quality assurance management plan special analytical support  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), WDOE or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data.

Myers, M.L.

1997-01-30

238

Architecture-Centric Software Quality Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software quality is a multi-faceted concept defined using different attributes and models. From all various quality requirements, the quality of adaptiveness is by far most critical. Based on this assumption, this paper offers an architecture-centric approach to production of measurably-adaptive systems. The paper uses the PCBMER (Presentation, Controller, Bean, Mediator, Entity, and Resource) meta-architecture to demonstrate how complexity of a software solution can be measured and kept under control in standalone applications. Meta-architectural extensions aimed at managing quality in integration development projects are also introduced. The DSM (Design Structure Matrix) method is used to explain our approach to measure the quality. The discussion is conducted against the background of the holonic approach to science (as the middle-ground between holism and reductionism).

Maciaszek, Leszek A.

239

The practice and principles of community-based wildlife management in Zimbabwe: the CAMPFIRE programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Zimbabwe's wildlife-based CAMPFIRE programme. It suggests that community-based natural resource management is a potential solution to the inter-linked problems of poverty and conservation if it is based on sound management principles that also incorporate transparency, accountability and democracy because the unit of management is a community.

Brian Child

1996-01-01

240

Utah Lake-Jordan River Water Quality Management Planning Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Water quality terminology and basic ecological concepts; Health effects; Water quality standards and treatment levels; Water quality management; Effects on the terrestrial ecosystem; Land use; Air quality; Economic considerations; Water right co...

1976-01-01

241

Development of meloxicam in situ implant formulation by quality by design principle.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: The focus of this study was to develop and optimize in situ implant formulation of meloxicam by quality by design (QbD) principle for long-term management of musculoskeletal inflammatory disorders. Methods: The formulation was optimized by Box-Behnken design with polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) level (X(1)), N-methyl pyrrolidone level (X(2)) and PLGA intrinsic viscosity (X(3)) as the independent variables and initial burst release of drug (Y(1)), cumulative release (Y(2)), and dissolution efficiency (Y(3)) as the dependent variables. The formulation was physicochemically characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). Pharmacokinetic studies of the optimized formulation were performed on Sprague--Dawley rats. Results: Y(1) was significantly affected by X(2) and X(3). Y(2) was affected by X(1) and X(3) while Y(3) was affected by all three independent variables employed in the formulations. Responses for the optimized formulation were in close agreement with the values predicted by the model. SEM photomicrographs indicated uniform gel formulation. No chemical interaction between the components of formulation was observed by FT-IR and meloxicam was found to be present in the amorphous form in the gel matrix as revealed by PXRD. The maximum plasma concentration (C(max)), time to achieve C(max) and area under plasma concentration curve were significantly different from those of the solution formulation used as the control. Plasma concentration of meloxicam was maintained above its IC(50) concentration required for COX-2 inhibition for 23 days. Conclusion: Meloxicam in situ implant may provide long-term management of inflammatory conditions with improved patient compliance and better therapeutic index. PMID:23298324

Ibrahim, Hany M; Ahmed, Tarek A; Hussain, Muhammad D; Rahman, Ziyaur; Samy, Ahmed M; Kaseem, Ala A; Nutan, Mohammad T H

2013-01-01

242

Social principles for agricultural extension to assist in the promotion of natural resource management  

Microsoft Academic Search

An understanding of social issues, the social nature of farming, and the social basis of adoption is needed if agricultural extension is to be effective in addressing natural resource management issues, and in promoting sustainability in its triple bottom line conceptualisation. Twenty-seven principles are presented here, with the key principles being: awareness of farming as a social activity; recognition of

F. Vanclay

2004-01-01

243

Principles and Practices of Managing Rental Housing. Teachers Instructional Packet, TIP No. 3, Fall 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part of a series of classroom aids designed for real estate instructors, this instructional packet was developed to help real estate students understand the principles and practices of managing rental property. First, an evaluation form for the packet is presented. Next, a summary is provided for the instructor of some basic principles of…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Real Estate Research Center.

244

Models for air quality management and assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models which could be useful for estimating air pollutant concentrations as a function of the emission distribution and the attendant meteorological conditions have been investigated. The integration of this model into an emission control scheme for the control of the pollution sources may represent a very useful approach to air quality management and assessment. A novel black box approach for

Bruno Ando; Salvatore Baglio; Salvatore Graziani; Nicola Pitrone

2000-01-01

245

Air quality management in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004, the National Research Council released Air Quality Management in the United States, a report prepared in response to a congressional request for an independent evaluation of the overall effectiveness of the Clean Air Act. Based on that report, this article summarizes the committee's findings and recommendations. 10 refs., 2 figs.

William Chameides; Daniel Greenbaum; Raymond Wassel; K. John Holmes; Karl Gustavson; Amanda Staudt

2005-01-01

246

Does quality management drive labour flexibility?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to shed light on the contribution of quality management (QM) to labour flexibility by analysing the influence that QM has on internal and external labour flexibility. The study presents pioneer research in the empirical analysis of how QM impacts on labour flexibility. The hypotheses put forward are tested in an empirical study carried out on a sample

Ana Belén Escrig-Tena; Juan Carlos Bou-Llusar; Vicente Roca-Puig; Inmaculada Beltrán-Martín

2012-01-01

247

Total Quality Management: Implications for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 19 papers describing the implementation of Total Quality Management in a variety of higher education settings. Following a Foreword by Peter Likins and a Preface by Daniel J. Julius, the chapter titles and authors are: (1) "TQM: Implications for Higher Education--A Look Back to the Future" (Allan M. Hoffman and Randall…

Hoffman, Allan M., Ed.; Julius, Daniel J., Ed.

248

Quality Assurance in Clinical Data Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical data management is involved in ensuring data quality and integrity from the time a draft of a clinical protocol is issued through the final statistical analysis of the resultant data. This involves careful consideration of the clinical forms and schedule of patient visits; feedback to clinical monitors of systematic errors by investigators; feedback to data processing on data entry

Gene Averkin; Bonnie M. Beaver

1984-01-01

249

Air quality management in selected countries  

SciTech Connect

Air quality management in a number of countries is discussed. Emphasis is given to the economic impact of regulatory strategies on industry. The automobile industry and copper industry are discussed. The comparability of air pollution control standards in different countries is examined.

Grimes, M.H.

1981-01-01

250

Total Quality Management in Libraries: A Sourcebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Total Quality Management (TQM) brings together the best aspects of organizational excellence by driving out fear, offering customer-driven products and services, doing it right the first time by eliminating error, and maintaining inventory control without waste. Libraries are service organizations which are constantly trying to improve service.…

O'Neil, Rosanna M., Comp.

251

Total quality management manifested through Ada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depending on the source, Total Quality Management (TQM) is a philosophy, methodology, style, system, concept, or tool, or some combination thereof. As a solution to the dire predictions of America's dwindling leadership in the world marketplace, it can be said that TQM is the product of good old American ingenuity, inspired in the marketplace, in particular the high technology market,

John S. Medley

1991-01-01

252

Basic principles of stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

An understanding of the principles of degradation, as well as the statistical tools for measuring product stability, is essential to management of product quality. Key to this is management of vaccine potency. Vaccine shelf life is best managed through determination of a minimum potency release requirement, which helps assure adequate potency throughout expiry. Use of statistical tools such a least

William Egan; Timothy Schofield

2009-01-01

253

[The bioethical principlism model applied in pain management].  

PubMed

An integrative literature review was developed with the purpose to analyze the scientific production regarding the relationships between pain and the principles of bioethics (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence and justice). Controlled descriptors were used in three international data sources (LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE), in April of 2012, totaling 14 publications categorized by pain and autonomy, pain and beneficence, pain and nonmaleficence, pain and justice. The adequate relief of pain is a human right and a moral issue directly related with the bioethical principlism standard model (beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice). However, many professionals overlook the pain of their patients, ignoring their ethical role when facing suffering. It was concluded that principlism has been neglected in the care of patients in pain, showing the need for new practices to change this setting. PMID:23781741

Souza, Layz Alves Ferreira; Pessoa, Ana Paula da Costa; Barbosa, Maria Alves; Pereira, Lilian Varanda

2013-03-01

254

Financial Management Information System for Health Maintenance Organizations. Volume III: Accounting Principles, Standards, and Controls.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Accounting principles associated with a financial management information system (FMIS) for health maintenance organizations (HMO's) are detailed. The accounting structure for the FMIS uses the double entry system. It is designed to disclose the full range...

1973-01-01

255

Feminist leadership through total quality management.  

PubMed

Feminist leadership in nursing can be achieved through Total Quality Management. Total Quality Management (TQM) is a philosophy and technology that represents the foundation of a continuously improving organization. The feminist leadership ideas practiced by nurses, such as empowering staff and decision by consensus, are also central to TQM. Feminist leadership utilizing TQM enables employees to creatively contribute to the system without fear or intimidation. Employees at all levels in the organization are then empowered. The role of the feminist leader using TQM is one of facilitator rather than authority figure. Feminist leadership in nursing can spearhead the opportunity for improvement to provide high-quality, cost-effective health care in a troubled and complex economic environment. PMID:9119786

Lanza, M L

256

Total quality management in clinical virology laboratories.  

PubMed

The diagnostic laboratories in India are progressively promoting higher standards and are moving towards accreditation and international acceptance. Hence, the concept of "Quality" will need to be understood and implemented. Total quality management (TQM) in a laboratory is an integrated program involving all laboratory staff and management. TQM is a framework to operate and it is aiming for integration, consistency, increase in efficiency and a continuous drive for improvement. A well structured clinical virology service will include serology setup, cell culture facility and capacity for molecular diagnosis. The quality of results from the laboratory is significantly influenced by many pre-analytical and post-analytical factors which needed attention. The end goal of the TQM should be to provide the best care possible for the patient. PMID:17185843

Tibbets, M W; Gomez, R; Kannangai, R; Sridharan, G

2006-10-01

257

Managing Self-Access Language Learning: Principles and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is based on a research project looking at the management of self-access language learning (SALL) from the perspective of the managers of self-access centres. It looks at the factors which influence the practice of seven managers of self-access language learning in tertiary institutions in Hong Kong. The discussion centres around five…

Gardner, David; Miller, Lindsay

2011-01-01

258

Total quality management: A management philosophy for providing high quality construction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Total Quality Management (TQM) is not a new concept. Only recently (within the past ten years or so) have American companies started to realize the potential of TQM as a means of ensuring high quality products and services. With this realization has come implementation in manufacturing and service companies. A commercial construction company, like any other business, must provide a top quality finished product to its customer if it intends to stay in business. TQM is one way to work to that end. This report explores the quality problems facing my fictitious construction company, which I believe are fairly typical among the commercial construction industry, existing management methods, and the TQM method to ensure top quality production. It will be shown why I believe TQM or a variation thereof is the best method for controlling the quality of products and service during the construction process. Under the philosophy of TQM, we build quality into the finished product.

Beckwith, Paul D.

259

Integrating Total Quality Management (TQM) and hazardous waste management  

SciTech Connect

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 and its subsequent amendments have had a dramatic impact on hazardous waste management for business and industry. The complexity of this law and the penalties for noncompliance have made it one of the most challenging regulatory programs undertaken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The fundamentals of RCRA include ``cradle to grave`` management of hazardous waste, covering generators, transporters, and treatment, storage, and disposal facilities. The regulations also address extensive definitions and listing/identification mechanisms for hazardous waste along with a tracking system. Treatment is favored over disposal and emphasis is on ``front-end`` treatment such as waste minimization and pollution prevention. A study of large corporations such as Xerox, 3M, and Dow Chemical, as well as the public sector, has shown that well known and successful hazardous waste management programs emphasize pollution prevention and employment of techniques such as proactive environmental management, environmentally conscious manufacturing, and source reduction. Nearly all successful hazardous waste programs include some aspects of Total Quality Management, which begins with a strong commitment from top management. Hazardous waste management at the Rocky Flats Plant is further complicated by the dominance of ``mixed waste`` at the facility. The mixed waste stems from the original mission of the facility, which was production of nuclear weapons components for the Department of Energy (DOE). A Quality Assurance Program based on the criterion in DOE Order 5700.6C has been implemented at Rocky Flats. All of the elements of the Quality Assurance Program play a role in hazardous waste management. Perhaps one of the biggest waste management problems facing the Rocky Flats Plant is cleaning up contamination from a forty year mission which focused on production of nuclear weapon components.

Kirk, N. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1993-11-01

260

Measuring the Quality of Children's Postoperative Pain Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality improvement measurement instruments for pediatric postoperative pain management are virtually nonexistent. Without standardized instruments to measure pediatric pain management outcomes, practitioners are hampered in their efforts to improve the quality of pain management for children. In this study, instruments for children (8–12 years) and parents were developed and tested to measure the quality of children's postoperative pain management. The

Roxie L Foster; James W Varni

2002-01-01

261

Multimedia Traffic Management Principles for Guaranteed ATM Network Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework is presented for the specification of performance requirements, and several high-level design principles for performance-driven ATM traffic controls based on resource reservation are developed. Simulation results illustrate that to guarantee performance levels, bursty traffic should be statistically multiplexed only if connection peak rates are low relative to the network link speed or burst durations are short. A pragmatic

GILLIAN M. WOODRUFF; Rungroj Kositpaiboon

1990-01-01

262

An exploratory study on accounting for quality management in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting, managerial accounting in particular, has developed some financial and nonfinancial measures to satisfy the needs for improving quality management in the last two decades. Quality-oriented accounting systems centered by the cost of quality (COQ) reporting and other nonfinancial measures of quality performance have been proven to be an effective tool for quality management in North America and other industrialized

Z. Jun Lin; Stev Johnson

2004-01-01

263

[Clinical quality management in rheumatoid arthritis].  

PubMed

Clinical quality management in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) aims at reducing inflammatory activity and pain in the short term and damage and disability in the long term. In the "Swiss Clinical Quality Management in rheumatoid arthritis" (SCQM) project, which started in 1997, a measurement-improvement system with feedback reports allows the rheumatologists to follow their RA patients with the aim of improving the quality of outcome. Inflammatory activity is measured with the Disease Activity Score (DAS28) and the Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity Index questionnaire (RADAI), damage with an X-ray score and disability with the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). The feedback is used by the individual rheumatologist to optimize the therapy of his/her RA patients. Beside the aim of improving the quality of treatment, the SCQM projects wants to build a Swiss cohort of RA patients, to improve the collaboration of rheumatologists in the clinic and in practice and to establish standards of treatment in RA. In this paper we describe the SCQM project in detail, we show two cases illustrating the usefulness of the SCQM in the management of individual RA patients, and we present the cross sectional analysis of the first 1223 RA patients included in the project. PMID:11759233

Langenegger, T; Fransen, J; Forster, A; Seitz, M; Michel, B A

2001-10-01

264

The Vital Role of Task Teams: The Total Quality Management Approach on Restructuring Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teams are an important element of restructuring organizations because much of the work of the organization is being done in small units, the microcosms of organizations. Total Quality Management (TQM) is one way to analyze the importance of teamwork during restructuring. This paper describes the basic principles and tools of TQM and considers its…

Munoz, Marco A.

265

Total Quality Management and the Higher Education Environment: Impact on Educational Leadership Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores Total Quality Management (TQM) as an organizational theory applied to educational administration of higher education. The first part of the paper describes the principles of TQM, and the second part considers TQM in higher education. The third section is a general conclusion that takes into consideration the leadership…

Munoz, Marco A.

266

Principles and realization strategies of multilevel transaction management  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the demands of database system transaction management is to achieve a high degree of concurrency by taking into consideration the semantics of high-level operations. On the other hand, the implementation of such operations must pay attention to conflicts on the storage representation levels below. To meet these requirements in a layered architecture, we propose a multilevel transaction management

Gerhard Weikum; ETH Zurich

1991-01-01

267

A calculus of unnecessary echoes: application of management principles to health care.  

PubMed

We studied the clinical utility of echocardiography in children and applied principles of business management to draw conclusions that are applicable to health care in general. A significant number (13% in this series) of expensive medical diagnostic tests could be avoided without harm to patients. Cost reduction in medicine is possible in many situations without compromising quality of care. Care pathways (i.e., practice guidelines or clinical algorithms) provide one useful modality. However, for the safety of patients, all cost reduction methods must start with practicing physicians (or involve them at conceptualization) and an escape clause must be available to the treating physician for the atypical patient. The analytic approach used--concurrent assessment of percentage cost, charge, and payor--is applicable to all components of the health care value chain. The use of "percentage of charges" as an indicator of collection effectiveness is unrealistic and should be changed to "percentage potential reimbursement" because health care is effectively a fixed-reimbursement industry rather than a system subject to standard microeconomic (supply and demand) forces. The current reimbursement structure provides conflicting incentives both to health care institutions and to providers, creating an insurmountable barrier to any effective incentive system. Colloquy between practicing physicians and experts in operations management will stimulate cost reduction and can optimize the delivery of health care. PMID:11889533

Waldman, J D; McCullough, G

2002-02-19

268

Improving quality of care in substance abuse treatment using five key process improvement principles  

PubMed Central

Process and quality improvement techniques have been successfully applied in health care arenas, but efforts to institute these strategies in alcohol and drug treatment are underdeveloped. The Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) teaches participating substance abuse treatment agencies to use process improvement strategies to increase client access to, and retention in, treatment. NIATx recommends five principles to promote organizational change: 1) Understand and involve the customer; 2) Fix key problems; 3) Pick a powerful change leader; 4) Get ideas from outside the organization; and 5) Use rapid-cycle testing. Using case studies, supplemented with cross-agency analyses of interview data, this paper profiles participating NIATx treatment agencies that illustrate application of each principle. Results suggest that the most successful organizations integrate and apply most, if not all, of the five principles as they develop and test change strategies.

Hoffman, Kim A.; Green, Carla A.; Ford, James H.; Wisdom, Jennifer P.; Gustafson, David H.; McCarty, Dennis

2012-01-01

269

Recognizing the pitfalls of total quality management  

SciTech Connect

Should utilities be interested in total quality management (TQM) After all, the argument that better quality products should increase the sales and result in higher profits does not readily apply to a public utility operating in a monopolistic environment. Yet, utilities in the US are moving toward a more competitive environment; FPL's success with its TQM programs is forcing most utilities to look at TQM so as not to risk future competitive disadvantage. A few regulatory commissions have already started to inquire as to what steps utilities under their jurisdiction are taking to pursue the benefits of TQM. This article will address two facets of this issue. First, it will define what TQM is and identify the pitfalls that might keep a utility from attaining the full benefits of a well-executed TQM program. Second, it will lay out a simple, straightforward approach that a utility can use to determine whether and how to utilize this new management tool.

Laza, R.W.; Wheaton, P.L.

1990-04-12

270

40 CFR 130.6 - Water quality management plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 23 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Water quality management plans. 130.6 Section 130...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS WATER QUALITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT § 130.6...

2013-07-01

271

Integration of Total Quality Management into Senior Service Schools' Curriculum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Total Quality Management is a philosophy growing in recognition and respect throughout the private and public sector. The Department of Defense recognizes Total Quality Management as a proven philosophy that will improve mission accomplishment. This resea...

J. J. Novosad

1993-01-01

272

Quality management systems and value creation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of a quality management system (QMS) for the assurance and improvement of value in an inter-organizational business relationship. The study is carried out in the public transportation industry where service provision has been outsourced. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In-depth interviews are conducted with 26 participants from two organizations involved in

Åsa Rönnbäck; Lars Witell; Bo Enquist

2009-01-01

273

Quantitative data management in quality improvement collaboratives  

PubMed Central

Background Collaborative approaches in quality improvement have been promoted since the introduction of the Breakthrough method. The effectiveness of this method is inconclusive and further independent evaluation of the method has been called for. For any evaluation to succeed, data collection on interventions performed within the collaborative and outcomes of those interventions is crucial. Getting enough data from Quality Improvement Collaboratives (QICs) for evaluation purposes, however, has proved to be difficult. This paper provides a retrospective analysis on the process of data management in a Dutch Quality Improvement Collaborative. From this analysis general failure and success factors are identified. Discussion This paper discusses complications and dilemma's observed in the set-up of data management for QICs. An overview is presented of signals that were picked up by the data management team. These signals were used to improve the strategies for data management during the program and have, as far as possible, been translated into practical solutions that have been successfully implemented. The recommendations coming from this study are: From our experience it is clear that quality improvement programs deviate from experimental research in many ways. It is not only impossible, but also undesirable to control processes and standardize data streams. QIC's need to be clear of data protocols that do not allow for change. It is therefore minimally important that when quantitative results are gathered, these results are accompanied by qualitative results that can be used to correctly interpret them. Monitoring and data acquisition interfere with routine. This makes a database collecting data in a QIC an intervention in itself. It is very important to be aware of this in reporting the results. Using existing databases when possible can overcome some of these problems but is often not possible given the change objective of QICs. Introducing a standardized spreadsheet to the teams is a very practical and helpful tool in collecting standardized data within a QIC. It is vital that the spreadsheets are handed out before baseline measurements start.

van den Berg, Mireille; Frenken, Rianne; Bal, Roland

2009-01-01

274

Source Emissions in Multipollutant Air Quality Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter discusses emissions inventories and emission control technologies in the context of a risk-based, results-oriented\\u000a multipollutant air quality management program. As contemporary emission control technologies often achieve reductions in more\\u000a than one pollutant, the chapter reviews major emissions reduction in North America as examples of multipollutant reduction\\u000a strategies for both criteria pollutants and air toxics. The chapter then comments

C. Andrew Miller

275

Teleinformatics: The Future of Healthcare Quality Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The history of recorded healthcare quality management (QM) dates back 5000 years. Doctors have long been accountable for healthcare\\u000a outcomes. As early as 3000 BC, in the legal statutes of the Egyptians, heads of state generously rewarded physicians for exceptional\\u000a medical outcomes. For example, the accomplishments of Imhoptep (2686–2613 BC), who was the physician for King Zoser, won him\\u000a such

John W. Williamson

276

Cognitive Principles for Information Management: The Principles of Mnemonic Associative Knowledge (P-MAK)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information management systems improve the retention of information in large collections. As such they act as memory prostheses,\\u000a implying an ideal basis in human memory models. Since humans process information by association, and situate it in the context\\u000a of space and time, systems should maximize their effectiveness by mimicking these functions. Since human attentional capacity\\u000a is limited, systems should scaffold

Michael Huggett; Holger Hoos; Ron Rensink

2007-01-01

277

Improving quality of care in substance abuse treatment using five key process improvement principles.  

PubMed

Process and quality improvement techniques have been successfully applied in health care arenas, but efforts to institute these strategies in alcohol and drug treatment are underdeveloped. The Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) teaches participating substance abuse treatment agencies to use process improvement strategies to increase client access to, and retention in, treatment. NIATx recommends five principles to promote organizational change: (1) understand and involve the customer, (2) fix key problems, (3) pick a powerful change leader, (4) get ideas from outside the organization, and (5) use rapid cycle testing. Using case studies, supplemented with cross-agency analyses of interview data, this paper profiles participating NIATx treatment agencies that illustrate successful applications of each principle. Results suggest that organizations can successfully integrate and apply the five principles as they develop and test change strategies, improving access and retention in treatment, and agencies' financial status. Upcoming changes requiring increased provision of behavioral health care will result in greater demand for services. Treatment organizations, already struggling to meet demand and client needs, will need strategies that improve the quality of care they provide without significantly increasing costs. The five NIATx principles have potential for helping agencies achieve these goals. PMID:22282129

Hoffman, Kim A; Green, Carla A; Ford, James H; Wisdom, Jennifer P; Gustafson, David H; McCarty, Dennis

2012-07-01

278

[Effectiveness of incorporating a quality management system].  

PubMed

In 2003, the ISO 15189 international standardization program on the quality and competence of the clinical reference laboratory was introduced. To date, 46 facilities have committed themselves to providing a higher level of medical service by incorporating a quality management system (QMS) and acquiring accreditation. QMS is defined as "setting up a policy and goals pertaining to quality, and adopting an appropriate system," and is a scheme that includes all managerial and technical factors that can affect test results. Regarding the Health Sciences Research Institute Group, 4 facilities have previously received the accreditation described above, but in the process of implementing the QMS, a number of problems have been identified. Here, we report on the effectiveness of adopting such a QMS based on the results of employee questionnaires, internal audits, customer complaint analyses, and external audits by the Japan Accreditation Board for Conformity Assessment (JAB), the official inspection body for accreditation. PMID:20169949

Seki, Akira; Hankins, Raleigh W; Miya, Tetsumasa

2010-01-01

279

The Effects of Organizational Context on Quality Management: An Empirical Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the quality literature abounds with prescriptions for how quality should be managed, no one has proposed an organization-theory explanation for how quality is managed in organizations. This paper proposes a system-structural model of quality management that relates organizational quality context, actual quality management, ideal quality management, and quality performance. The relationships between organizational quality context and actual and ideal

P. George Benson; Jayant V. Saraph; Roger G. Schroeder

1991-01-01

280

Air quality risk assessment and management.  

PubMed

This article provides (1) a synthesis of the literature on the linkages between air pollution and human health, (2) an overview of quality management approaches in Canada, the United States, and the European Union (EU), and (3) future directions for air quality research. Numerous studies examining short-term effects of air pollution show significant associations between ambient levels of particulate matter (PM) and other air pollutants and increases in premature mortality and hospitalizations for cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. Several well-designed epidemiological studies confirmed the adverse long-term effects of PM on both mortality and morbidity. Epidemiological studies also document significant associations between ozone (O3), sulfur (SO2), and nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) and adverse health outcomes; however, the effects of gaseous pollutants are less well documented. Subpopulations that are more susceptible to air pollution include children, the elderly, those with cardiorespiratory disease, and socioeconomically deprived individuals. Canada-wide standards for ambient air concentrations of PM2.5 and O3 were set in 2000, providing air quality targets to be achieved by 2010. In the United States, the Clean Air Act provides the framework for the establishment and review of National Ambient Air Quality Standards for criteria air pollutants and the establishment of emissions standards for hazardous air pollutants. The 1996 European Union's enactment of the Framework Directive for Air Quality established the process for setting Europe-wide limit values for a series of pollutants. The Clean Air for Europe program was established by the European Union to review existing limit values, emission ceilings, and abatement protocols, as set out in the current legislation. These initiatives serve as the legislative framework for air quality management in North America and Europe. PMID:18080890

Chen, Yue; Craig, Lorraine; Krewski, Daniel

2008-01-01

281

Continuous quality improvement, total quality management, and reengineering: one hospital's continuous quality improvement journey.  

PubMed

In recent years, there has been significantly increasing interest in the application of continuous quality improvement (CQI) and total quality management (TQM) in the health care arena. This case analysis is designed to identify and assess the strategies and processes that led to the successful implementation of CQI in the Emergency Care Center at St. Mary's Hospital in Grand Rapids, MI. PMID:9735478

Klein, D; Motwani, J; Cole, B

1998-01-01

282

Quality Management System development: Some implications from case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature in the field of Industrial Engineering suggests that the improvement of quality management practices is a continuous development process. According to this suggestion, a Quality Management System (QMS) is developed gradually step-by-step and not in sudden dramatic jumps. It has also been pointed out by many authors that the improvement of quality management progressively leads to more efficient

C. L. Yeung; L. Y. Chan

1998-01-01

283

Regionalization of municipal solid waste management in Japan: balancing the proximity principle with economic efficiency.  

PubMed

The proximity principle - disposing of waste close to its origin - has been a central value in municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Japan for the last 30 years and its widespread adoption has helped resolve numerous "Not in My Backyard" issues related to MSW management. However, MSW management costs have soared, in large part because of aggressive recycling efforts and because most MSW is incinerated in a country that has scarce landfill capacity. In addition, smaller, less sophisticated incinerators have been closed because of high dioxin emissions. Rising costs combined with the closure of smaller incinerators have shifted MSW management policy toward regionalization, which is the sharing of waste management facilities across municipalities. Despite the increased use of regionalized MSW facilities, the proximity principle remains the central value in Japanese MSW management. Municipal solid waste management has become increasingly regionalized in the United States, too, but different driving forces are at work in these two countries. The transition to regionalized MSW management in Japan results from strong governmental control at all levels, with the central government providing funds and policy direction and prefectures and municipalities being the primary implementing authorities. By contrast, market forces are a much stronger force with US MSW management, where local governments - with state government oversight - have primary responsibility for MSW management. We describe recent changes in Japan's MSW programs. We examine the connections between MSW facility regionalization, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the proximity principle, coordination among local governments, central government control, and financing mechanisms. PMID:17530331

Okuda, Itaru; Thomson, Vivian E

2007-05-24

284

Implementation of the Total Quality Management Concept within Space Business.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 1980's the quality task within industry developed into Total Quality Management (TQM). TQM includes the complete operational quality process in the company. The basic elements of TQM are summarized. The TQM concept is defined. Top executive man...

C. Berlin

1991-01-01

285

Towards a better understanding of supply chain quality management practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a comparative study of quality tools and methods adoption by operations and supply chain managers. A survey was administered to both types of managers in the Western United States. Performing a Kruskal Wallis analysis, we found support for the hypothesis that operations and supply chain managers approach quality management differently. We found that operations

S. Thomas Foster Jr; Cynthia Wallin; Jeffrey Ogden

2011-01-01

286

Total Quality Management: Implications for Nursing Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Total quality management (TQM) is a management philosophy gaining widespread use in American production and service organizations. Though founded by Americans, it was popularized by its successful use in post war Japan. Top-level management commitment to ...

A. Brownstein

1992-01-01

287

Improving hospital billing and receivables management: principles for profitability.  

PubMed

For many hospitals, billing and receivables management are inefficient and costly. Economic recession, increasing costs for patient and provider alike, and cost-containment strategies will only compound difficulties. The author describes the foundations of an automated billing system that would save hospitals time, error, and, most importantly, money. PMID:10118570

Hemmer, E

1992-01-01

288

Database Management Principles of the UCLA Library's Orion System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an integrated online library system developed at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) which incorporates a number of database management features that enhance efficiency, for record retrieval and display. Design features related to record storage and retrieval and the design of linked files are described in detail.…

Fayollat, James; Coles, Elizabeth

1987-01-01

289

Principles for Managing Community Relocation as a Hazard Mitigation Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Permanent relocation of communities away from hazard-prone areas is becoming an important mitigation option for emergency management authorities throughout the world. By moving citizens permanently, one realizes two special benefits. First, relocation prevents death or injury from hazards that are minimally subject to human control - that is, where structural mitigation measures are ineffective and forewarning is insufficient for simple

Ronald W. Perry; Michael K. Lindell

1997-01-01

290

The Principles of Scientific Management by Fred Taylor: Exposures in print beyond the private printing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the publishing exposure of Frederick W. Taylor’s The Principles of Scientific Management subsequent to the February 1911 private printing. In doing so, the paper completes a chronology of the multiple occasions that Taylor’s classic occurred in print. Landmarks in the publishing history of Taylor’s “principles” following the private printing include its appearance in The American Magazine and

Carol Carlson Dean

1997-01-01

291

Ethical Principles for the Management of Infants with Disorders of Sex Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fifth World Congress on Family Law and Children’s Rights (Halifax, August 2009) adopted a resolution endorsing a new set of ethical guidelines for the management of infants and children with disorders of sex development (DSD) [www.lawrights.asn.au\\/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=76&Itemid=109]. The ethical principles developed by our group were the basis for the Halifax Resolution. In this paper, we outline these principles and explain

Lynn H. Gillam; Jacqueline K. Hewitt; Garry L. Warne

2010-01-01

292

Managing design quality and conformance quality: models and insights  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally design quality and conformance quality are considered separately in the literature. In this paper we integrate these two quality dimensions into stylised quality decision models for synthesising design quality cost, conformance quality cost and product revenue components. We show that under both decision scenarios (either customer can or cannot perceive the actual quality deviations at purchasing time), optimal design

Lifang Wu

2010-01-01

293

Advance mathematical model to study and analyse the effects of total quality management (TQM) and operational flexibility on hospital performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total quality management (TQM) and operational flexibility are powerful and evolving management tools that are being implemented in many organisations worldwide, particularly in healthcare services. However, such implementation is yet to be seen in developing nations, particularly in health care. In an attempted response to such a gap, this paper provides a literature review on the principles and scope of

Main Naser Fady Alolayyan; Khairul Anuar Mohd Ali; Fazli Idris; Ahmmed Saadi Ibrehem

2011-01-01

294

Recommendations for Mass Spectrometry Data Quality Metrics for Open Access Data (Corollary to the Amsterdam Principles)  

PubMed Central

Policies supporting the rapid and open sharing of proteomic data are being implemented by the leading journals in the field. The proteomics community is taking steps to ensure that data are made publicly accessible and are of high quality, a challenging task that requires the development and deployment of methods for measuring and documenting data quality metrics. On September 18, 2010, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) convened the “International Workshop on Proteomic Data Quality Metrics” in Sydney, Australia, to identify and address issues facing the development and use of such methods for open access proteomics data. The stakeholders at the workshop enumerated the key principles underlying a framework for data quality assessment in mass spectrometry data that will meet the needs of the research community, journals, funding agencies, and data repositories. Attendees discussed and agreed up on two primary needs for the wide use of quality metrics: (1) an evolving list of comprehensive quality metrics and (2) standards accompanied by software analytics. Attendees stressed the importance of increased education and training programs to promote reliable protocols in proteomics. This workshop report explores the historic precedents, key discussions, and necessary next steps to enhance the quality of open access data. By agreement, this article is published simultaneously in the Journal of Proteome Research, Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, Proteomics, and Proteomics Clinical Applications as a public service to the research community. The peer review process was a coordinated effort conducted by a panel of referees selected by the journals.

Kinsinger, Christopher R.; Apffel, James; Baker, Mark; Bian, Xiaopeng; Borchers, Christoph H.; Bradshaw, Ralph; Brusniak, Mi-Youn; Chan, Daniel W.; Deutsch, Eric W.; Domon, Bruno; Gorman, Jeff; Grimm, Rudolf; Hancock, William; Hermjakob, Henning; Horn, David; Hunter, Christie; Kolar, Patrik; Kraus, Hans-Joachim; Langen, Hanno; Linding, Rune; Moritz, Robert L.; Omenn, Gilbert S.; Orlando, Ron; Pandey, Akhilesh; Ping, Peipei; Rahbar, Amir; Rivers, Robert; Seymour, Sean L.; Simpson, Richard J.; Slotta, Douglas; Smith, Richard D.; Stein, Stephen E.; Tabb, David L.; Tagle, Danilo; Yates, John R.; Rodriguez, Henry

2011-01-01

295

Recommendations for mass spectrometry data quality metrics for open access data (corollary to the Amsterdam principles).  

PubMed

Policies supporting the rapid and open sharing of proteomic data are being implemented by the leading journals in the field. The proteomics community is taking steps to ensure that data are made publicly accessible and are of high quality, a challenging task that requires the development and deployment of methods for measuring and documenting data quality metrics. On September 18, 2010, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) convened the "International Workshop on Proteomic Data Quality Metrics" in Sydney, Australia, to identify and address issues facing the development and use of such methods for open access proteomics data. The stakeholders at the workshop enumerated the key principles underlying a framework for data quality assessment in mass spectrometry data that will meet the needs of the research community, journals, funding agencies, and data repositories. Attendees discussed and agreed upon two primary needs for the wide use of quality metrics: (i) an evolving list of comprehensive quality metrics and (ii) standards accompanied by software analytics. Attendees stressed the importance of increased education and training programs to promote reliable protocols in proteomics. This workshop report explores the historic precedents, key discussions, and necessary next steps to enhance the quality of open access data. By agreement, this article is published simultaneously in Proteomics, Proteomics Clinical Applications, Journal of Proteome Research, and Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, as a public service to the research community. The peer review process was a coordinated effort conducted by a panel of referees selected by the journals. PMID:22069307

Kinsinger, Christopher R; Apffel, James; Baker, Mark; Bian, Xiaopeng; Borchers, Christoph H; Bradshaw, Ralph; Brusniak, Mi-Youn; Chan, Daniel W; Deutsch, Eric W; Domon, Bruno; Gorman, Jeff; Grimm, Rudolf; Hancock, William; Hermjakob, Henning; Horn, David; Hunter, Christie; Kolar, Patrik; Kraus, Hans-Joachim; Langen, Hanno; Linding, Rune; Moritz, Robert L; Omenn, Gilbert S; Orlando, Ron; Pandey, Akhilesh; Ping, Peipei; Rahbar, Amir; Rivers, Robert; Seymour, Sean L; Simpson, Richard J; Slotta, Douglas; Smith, Richard D; Stein, Stephen E; Tabb, David L; Tagle, Danilo; Yates, John R; Rodriguez, Henry

2011-12-14

296

Recommendations for mass spectrometry data quality metrics for open access data (corollary to the Amsterdam Principles).  

PubMed

Policies supporting the rapid and open sharing of proteomic data are being implemented by the leading journals in the field. The proteomics community is taking steps to ensure that data are made publicly accessible and are of high quality, a challenging task that requires the development and deployment of methods for measuring and documenting data quality metrics. On September 18, 2010, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) convened the "International Workshop on Proteomic Data Quality Metrics" in Sydney, Australia, to identify and address issues facing the development and use of such methods for open access proteomics data. The stakeholders at the workshop enumerated the key principles underlying a framework for data quality assessment in mass spectrometry data that will meet the needs of the research community, journals, funding agencies, and data repositories. Attendees discussed and agreed up on two primary needs for the wide use of quality metrics: (1) an evolving list of comprehensive quality metrics and (2) standards accompanied by software analytics. Attendees stressed the importance of increased education and training programs to promote reliable protocols in proteomics. This workshop report explores the historic precedents, key discussions, and necessary next steps to enhance the quality of open access data. By agreement, this article is published simultaneously in the Journal of Proteome Research, Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, Proteomics, and Proteomics Clinical Applications as a public service to the research community. The peer review process was a coordinated effort conducted by a panel of referees selected by the journals. PMID:22053864

Kinsinger, Christopher R; Apffel, James; Baker, Mark; Bian, Xiaopeng; Borchers, Christoph H; Bradshaw, Ralph; Brusniak, Mi-Youn; Chan, Daniel W; Deutsch, Eric W; Domon, Bruno; Gorman, Jeff; Grimm, Rudolf; Hancock, William; Hermjakob, Henning; Horn, David; Hunter, Christie; Kolar, Patrik; Kraus, Hans-Joachim; Langen, Hanno; Linding, Rune; Moritz, Robert L; Omenn, Gilbert S; Orlando, Ron; Pandey, Akhilesh; Ping, Peipei; Rahbar, Amir; Rivers, Robert; Seymour, Sean L; Simpson, Richard J; Slotta, Douglas; Smith, Richard D; Stein, Stephen E; Tabb, David L; Tagle, Danilo; Yates, John R; Rodriguez, Henry

2011-12-08

297

Recommendations for mass spectrometry data quality metrics for open access data (corollary to the Amsterdam Principles).  

PubMed

Policies supporting the rapid and open sharing of proteomic data are being implemented by the leading journals in the field. The proteomics community is taking steps to ensure that data are made publicly accessible and are of high quality, a challenging task that requires the development and deployment of methods for measuring and documenting data quality metrics. On September 18, 2010, the United States National Cancer Institute convened the "International Workshop on Proteomic Data Quality Metrics" in Sydney, Australia, to identify and address issues facing the development and use of such methods for open access proteomics data. The stakeholders at the workshop enumerated the key principles underlying a framework for data quality assessment in mass spectrometry data that will meet the needs of the research community, journals, funding agencies, and data repositories. Attendees discussed and agreed up on two primary needs for the wide use of quality metrics: 1) an evolving list of comprehensive quality metrics and 2) standards accompanied by software analytics. Attendees stressed the importance of increased education and training programs to promote reliable protocols in proteomics. This workshop report explores the historic precedents, key discussions, and necessary next steps to enhance the quality of open access data. By agreement, this article is published simultaneously in the Journal of Proteome Research, Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, Proteomics, and Proteomics Clinical Applications as a public service to the research community. The peer review process was a coordinated effort conducted by a panel of referees selected by the journals. PMID:22052993

Kinsinger, Christopher R; Apffel, James; Baker, Mark; Bian, Xiaopeng; Borchers, Christoph H; Bradshaw, Ralph; Brusniak, Mi-Youn; Chan, Daniel W; Deutsch, Eric W; Domon, Bruno; Gorman, Jeff; Grimm, Rudolf; Hancock, William; Hermjakob, Henning; Horn, David; Hunter, Christie; Kolar, Patrik; Kraus, Hans-Joachim; Langen, Hanno; Linding, Rune; Moritz, Robert L; Omenn, Gilbert S; Orlando, Ron; Pandey, Akhilesh; Ping, Peipei; Rahbar, Amir; Rivers, Robert; Seymour, Sean L; Simpson, Richard J; Slotta, Douglas; Smith, Richard D; Stein, Stephen E; Tabb, David L; Tagle, Danilo; Yates, John R; Rodriguez, Henry

2011-11-03

298

Recommendations for mass spectrometry data quality metrics for open access data (corollary to the Amsterdam principles).  

PubMed

Policies supporting the rapid and open sharing of proteomic data are being implemented by the leading journals in the field. The proteomics community is taking steps to ensure that data are made publicly accessible and are of high quality, a challenging task that requires the development and deployment of methods for measuring and documenting data quality metrics. On September 18, 2010, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) convened the "International Workshop on Proteomic Data Quality Metrics" in Sydney, Australia, to identify and address issues facing the development and use of such methods for open access proteomics data. The stakeholders at the workshop enumerated the key principles underlying a framework for data quality assessment in mass spectrometry data that will meet the needs of the research community, journals, funding agencies, and data repositories. Attendees discussed and agreed up on two primary needs for the wide use of quality metrics: (i) an evolving list of comprehensive quality metrics and (ii) standards accompanied by software analytics. Attendees stressed the importance of increased education and training programs to promote reliable protocols in proteomics. This workshop report explores the historic precedents, key discussions, and necessary next steps to enhance the quality of open access data. By agreement, this article is published simultaneously in Proteomics, Proteomics Clinical Applications, Journal of Proteome Research, and Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, as a public service to the research community. The peer review process was a coordinated effort conducted by a panel of referees selected by the journals. PMID:22213554

Kinsinger, Christopher R; Apffel, James; Baker, Mark; Bian, Xiaopeng; Borchers, Christoph H; Bradshaw, Ralph; Brusniak, Mi-Youn; Chan, Daniel W; Deutsch, Eric W; Domon, Bruno; Gorman, Jeff; Grimm, Rudolf; Hancock, William; Hermjakob, Henning; Horn, David; Hunter, Christie; Kolar, Patrik; Kraus, Hans-Joachim; Langen, Hanno; Linding, Rune; Moritz, Robert L; Omenn, Gilbert S; Orlando, Ron; Pandey, Akhilesh; Ping, Peipei; Rahbar, Amir; Rivers, Robert; Seymour, Sean L; Simpson, Richard J; Slotta, Douglas; Smith, Richard D; Stein, Stephen E; Tabb, David L; Tagle, Danilo; Yates, John R; Rodriguez, Henry

2011-12-01

299

Recommendations for Mass Spectrometry Data Quality Metrics for Open Access Data (Corollary to the Amsterdam Principles)*  

PubMed Central

Policies supporting the rapid and open sharing of proteomic data are being implemented by the leading journals in the field. The proteomics community is taking steps to ensure that data are made publicly accessible and are of high quality, a challenging task that requires the development and deployment of methods for measuring and documenting data quality metrics. On September 18, 2010, the United States National Cancer Institute convened the “International Workshop on Proteomic Data Quality Metrics” in Sydney, Australia, to identify and address issues facing the development and use of such methods for open access proteomics data. The stakeholders at the workshop enumerated the key principles underlying a framework for data quality assessment in mass spectrometry data that will meet the needs of the research community, journals, funding agencies, and data repositories. Attendees discussed and agreed up on two primary needs for the wide use of quality metrics: 1) an evolving list of comprehensive quality metrics and 2) standards accompanied by software analytics. Attendees stressed the importance of increased education and training programs to promote reliable protocols in proteomics. This workshop report explores the historic precedents, key discussions, and necessary next steps to enhance the quality of open access data. By agreement, this article is published simultaneously in the Journal of Proteome Research, Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, Proteomics, and Proteomics Clinical Applications as a public service to the research community. The peer review process was a coordinated effort conducted by a panel of referees selected by the journals.

Kinsinger, Christopher R.; Apffel, James; Baker, Mark; Bian, Xiaopeng; Borchers, Christoph H.; Bradshaw, Ralph; Brusniak, Mi-Youn; Chan, Daniel W.; Deutsch, Eric W.; Domon, Bruno; Gorman, Jeff; Grimm, Rudolf; Hancock, William; Hermjakob, Henning; Horn, David; Hunter, Christie; Kolar, Patrik; Kraus, Hans-Joachim; Langen, Hanno; Linding, Rune; Moritz, Robert L.; Omenn, Gilbert S.; Orlando, Ron; Pandey, Akhilesh; Ping, Peipei; Rahbar, Amir; Rivers, Robert; Seymour, Sean L.; Simpson, Richard J.; Slotta, Douglas; Smith, Richard D.; Stein, Stephen E.; Tabb, David L.; Tagle, Danilo; Yates, John R.; Rodriguez, Henry

2011-01-01

300

Design principles and common pool resource management: an institutional approach to evaluating community management in semi-arid Tanzania.  

PubMed

This paper analyses the role of institutions in the management of common pool resources (CPRs) in semi-arid Tanzania. Common property regimes have often been considered inadequate for the management of CPRs because of the problems of excludability, but they are becoming more widely supported as the way forward to overcome the problems of resource use and degradation in developing countries. A series of design principles for long enduring common property institutions have been proposed by Ostrom, but there is concern that they are not applicable to a wide range of real life situations or that they may be specific to certain types of CPR. Here, we compare these principles to the situation prevailing in 12 villages in six districts in semi-arid Tanzania. Data on management institutions were collected through semi-structured interviews and meetings at district and village level. The combined information was used to make a qualitative assessment of the strength with which each design principle appeared to operate in the management of forest, pasture and water resources. Boundaries, conflict and negotiation in CPR management are of key importance in semi-arid regions. However, the need for flexibility in order to deal with ecological uncertainty means that many management institutions would be considered weak or absent according to the design principle approach. This supports the view that the design principles should not be used as a 'blueprint to be imposed on resource management regimes' rather that they provide a framework for investigating common property regimes with the proviso that, certainly for semi-arid regions, they may highlight where management cannot be explained by institutional theory alone. PMID:16901620

Quinn, Claire H; Huby, Meg; Kiwasila, Hilda; Lovett, Jon C

2006-08-09

301

On differences in how operations and supply chain managers approach quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, we administered surveys to operations and supply chain managers from different companies to better understand how they approached quality management. The underlying research question was whether the increased emphasis in supply chain management in the workplace had implications for how quality management is practiced and how quality-related values are emphasised. We found that those who identified themselves

S. Thomas Foster Jr; Jeffrey Ogden

2008-01-01

302

Geographic Information Quality Management and Standardization in Finnish Defence Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The main issue in Geographic Information Quality Management (GIQM) and standardization is to achieve interoperability through standardization. This still ongoing research project defines a quality model for geographic information in Finnish Defence Forces (FDF). The quality model is strongly based on international ISO standardization. The quality model defines a basis for consistent concepts and methods for GIQM. FDF quality

Kari INGBERG

303

An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites. PMID:18570568

Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge

2008-05-01

304

Principles of disaster management lesson 11: personnel evaluation.  

PubMed

A disaster manager must be able to evaluate staff members in order to make effective staffing decisions during the transitions between phases of a disaster and to help improve the performance of the operation by determining what aspects of an individual's work needs improvement. Criteria for personnel appraisal and measures of performance, objective or subjective, are essential to conduct a fair and thorough evaluation. Errors introduce bias into the appraisal in the form of a "halo" effect, harsh or lenient ratings, a central tendency error, or recency effect, but recognition of these errors helps reduce their effect. A results-based appraisal program is favored because it focuses on what the worker achieves. Regular appraisal periods are suggested for optimal improvement in performance. Suggestions are given for an effective personnel appraisal, such as focusing on positive work performance, being aware of biases in judging people, and being specific when citing examples of work performance. PMID:11367945

Cuny, F C

305

Incorporating outage management principles into the advanced light water reactor  

SciTech Connect

In the United States there are 110 light water reactor (LWR) plants currently in operation, with a total generating capacity of 102 580 MW(electric). These plants include 37 boiling water reactor (BWR) and 73 pressurized water reactor (PWR) units. Since 1980, more than 40 nuclear power plants have entered service in the United States. However, no new plants have been ordered by utilities and owners groups since 1978. There will come a time in the not-too-distant future that new, large electricity generating units will be needed to supply expected increases in base-load capacity. Will the new advanced LWR (ALWR) designs be able to pass muster and be chosen to help meet that need? With outage management at operating plants improving every year, what can the ALWR designs offer that has not already been incorporated?

Martinez, R.; Savage, C.D. [JUPITER Corp., Wheaton, MD (United States); Miller, T.P. [Talon Consulting, Germantown, MD (United States)

1996-12-31

306

Total quality management and nursing: a shared vision.  

PubMed

The application of the Total Quality Management (TQM) philosophy within the health care sector would enhance the development of nursing power, leadership and knowledge. TQM challenges conventional management techniques as it requires a participative management style in order to be effective. There are many potential benefits for nurses, when quality assurance monitoring within a hierarchical management structure, is replaced with a focus on continuous quality improvement by every member of staff. These benefits are described within the context of both organisational and personal commitment to Total Quality Management. PMID:9110655

Morey, W

1996-09-01

307

Defense Nuclear Agency Total Quality Management (TQM) implementation plan. Quality management (Final)  

SciTech Connect

The report is the TQM Implementation Plan adopted by the Defense Nuclear Agency. It is based on the DoD Total Quality Management Master Plan, and lists short-, mid-, and long-range goals. A hard copy of slides on the topic of TQM implementation at the Defense Nuclear Agency is attached.

Not Available

1989-01-01

308

The Relation among School District Health, Total Quality Principles for School Organization and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the congruence among W. E. Deming's 14 points for Total Quality Management (TQM), the organizational health of school districts, and student achievement. Based on Kanter's (1983) concept of a Culture of Pride with a Climate of Success, healthy districts were defined as having an organizational culture…

Marshall, Jon; Pritchard, Ruie; Gunderson, Betsey

2004-01-01

309

Intelligent Quality Management Using Knowledge Discovery in Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of data mining and knowledge discovery technologies in total quality management (TQM) expert system will certainly become one of the focuses of the quality engineering research field. This paper proposes an intelligent TQM expert system with knowledge discovery in databases. The intelligent quality management system is equipped with the \\

Xiaoh Wang

2009-01-01

310

Six Sigma - A New Direction to Quality and Productivity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fast changing economic conditions such as global competition, declining profit margin, customer demand for high quality product, product variety and reduced lead- time etc. had a major impact on manufacturing industries. To respond to these needs various industrial engineering and quality management strategies such as ISO 9000, Total Quality Management, Kaizen, Just-in-time manufacturing, Enterprise Resource Planning, Business Process Reengineering,

Tushar N. Desai; R. L. Shrivastava

311

Quality management for corporate staff functions: the public affairs example  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the adoption of quality management programmes and techniques within the corporate public affairs function. Although total quality management programmes and techniques are being rapidly assimilated within organizational production and operations areas, they are adopted much more slowly in “softer” organizational areas. The contexts and processes surrounding the adoption of quality in corporate staff areas like public affairs,

Craig S. Fleisher

1993-01-01

312

The new quality philosophy and management's role  

SciTech Connect

This talk is about leadership. Leaders are people at every level in an organization who believe in change and are energized by it. They understand the difficult realities of competitive existence. They motivate and challenge. They provide positive reinforcement -- but are never satisfied with their achievements because opportunities for further improvement are never exhausted. Today, leadership is more important than ever because operating environments are changing at an unprecedented rate. The causes are geopolitical, economic, technological, etc. In fact, everything we know about nature tells us that change is inevitable. History shows quite clearly that human progress is not possible without change. Yet, humans crave stability and permanence. As a consequence, success often leads to complacency. But, demise is inevitable for those who protect the status quo. There exists a growing national awareness that global competitive pressures are forcing on American industry the need for ever higher levels of performance. And, similar forces are necessitating improved performance in DOE's nuclear weapons complex. Today, quality takes on a much larger meaning than it has traditionally. It is attention to cost, schedule and product performance that characterize the modern Quality ethic. This paper discusses the manager's role and the new Quality philosophy. 11 figs.

Narath, A.

1991-06-01

313

[Principles of acute management of the severe diving accident].  

PubMed

The basics of the acute management of severe diving accidents are outlined by means of 25 patients (20 patients presented with decompression sickness, 5 suffered from a barotrauma of the lungs with consecutive air embolism) treated at our facilities. Contrary to widespread notion, disturbed vital functions have to be treated by intensive care measures, prior to the definite recompression therapy. These are: (1) Treatment of generalized or localized tissue hypoxia secondary to bubble-generation; (2) puncture of a (valvular-) pneumothorax after a pulmonary barotrauma; (3) haemodynamic stabilization when cardiac or spinal shock is present; (4) improvement of the rheological situation. When vital functions are unstable or endangered, these patients must not be transported in a monoplace chamber. This type of chamber does not leave any access to the patient in case of a deteriorating status. Since the severe diving accident mostly turns out to be a problem of intensive care medicine in close combination with the recompression therapy, the continuous integration of the recompression protocol with a comprehensive intensive care therapy is considered crucial. PMID:2817326

Lampl, L; Frey, G; Dietze, T; Bock, K H

1989-10-01

314

Consumer Evaluations of Food Risk Management Quality in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing and implementing appropriate food risk management strategies, it is important to understand how consumers evaluate the quality of food risk management practices. The aim of this study is to model the underlying psychological factors influencing consumer evaluations of food risk management quality using structural equation modeling techniques (SEM), and to examine the extent to which the influence of

Kleef van E; J. R. Houghton; A. Krystallis; U. Pfenning; G. Rowe; Dijk van H; Lans van der I. A; L. J. Frewer

2007-01-01

315

Flexibility as a Management Principle in Dementia Care: The Adards Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Flexibility is an essential ingredient of person-centered care. We illustrate the potential impact of flexibility by portraying a nursing home that uses flexibility in its approach to residents and staff members. Designs and Methods: The paper describes the management strategies, principles, and environmental features used by the Adards…

Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska; Bester, Allan

2006-01-01

316

A Methodology for Building Faculty Support for the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence from extant literature indicates that faculty support is a critical driver for implementing the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME), particularly for schools pursuing an advanced, cross-disciplinary level of sustainability integration. However, there is limited existing research offering insight into how…

Maloni, Michael J.; Smith, Shane D.; Napshin, Stuart

2012-01-01

317

Should dingoes die? Principles for engaging ecocentric ethics in wildlife tourism management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethics underlie all our decisions and actions. The aim of this paper is to, first, highlight the sorts of ethical positions that inform wildlife management and, second, to propose a different set of ecocentric ethical principles that not only provide for a more authentic visitor experience of nature, but also enhance the long-term survival of wildlife. An ecocentric approach involves

Georgette Leah Burns; Jim MacBeth; Susan Moore

2011-01-01

318

Service-Learning and Integrated Course Redesign: Principles of Management and the Campus Kitchen Metaproject  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the process of redesigning a Principles of Management course to integrate a service-learning metaproject. The metaproject was Campus Kitchen, a food recovery and delivery program operated on a handful of university campuses across the United States. We used L. Dee Fink's integrated course design approach as well as systems…

Flannery, Brenda L.; Pragman, Claudia H.

2010-01-01

319

[General principles of clinical and therapeutic management in postoperative external enteral fistulas].  

PubMed

Postoperative enterocutaneous fistulas represent a frequent complication in the emergency or cancerous digestive surgery. As to the high level of mortality and morbidity caused by this type of postoperative complication (4%), efforts are made to establish the principles of therapeutic management, on the purpose of decreasing these indicators and thus lowering the prolonged hospitalisation afferent costs. PMID:20201248

Munteanu, Iulia; Stefan, S; Burcoveanu, C; P?dureanu, S; Bulat, C

320

A Methodology for Building Faculty Support for the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evidence from extant literature indicates that faculty support is a critical driver for implementing the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME), particularly for schools pursuing an advanced, cross-disciplinary level of sustainability integration. However, there is limited existing research offering insight into how…

Maloni, Michael J.; Smith, Shane D.; Napshin, Stuart

2012-01-01

321

The UN-Principles for Responsible Management Education : Sharing (and evaluating) information on progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – With more than 332 signatories, the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME) is probably the most solid initiative to inspire and champion responsible business education globally. The purpose of this paper is to examine the activities undertaken by the first intake of signatories – universities and business schools – with regard to each of the six

Jose M. Alcaraz; Magdalena Wiktoria Marcinkowska; Eappen Thiruvattal

2011-01-01

322

Service-Learning and Integrated Course Redesign: Principles of Management and the Campus Kitchen Metaproject  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the process of redesigning a Principles of Management course to integrate a service-learning metaproject. The metaproject was Campus Kitchen, a food recovery and delivery program operated on a handful of university campuses across the United States. We used L. Dee Fink's integrated course design approach as well as systems…

Flannery, Brenda L.; Pragman, Claudia H.

2010-01-01

323

Hazards of solid waste management: bioethical problems, principles, and priorities  

PubMed Central

The putative hazards of solid waste management cannot be evaluated without placing the problem within a cultural climate of crisis where some persons consider such by-products of “high, hard technology” to have raised unresolved moral and ethical issues. In order to assist scientific and technical efforts to protect public health and safety, a bioethical perspective requires us to examine three controversial aspects of policy-making about public safety. Failure to recognize the qualitative difference between two cognitive activities—risk-measurements (objective, scientific probabilities) and safety-judgments (subjective, shifting value priorities)—has had three unfortunate consequences. Sophisticated methods of risk analysis have been applied in a piecemeal, haphazard, ad hoc fashion within traditional institutions with the false expectation that incremental risk-reducing programs automatically ensure public health and safety. Ethical priorities require, first and foremost, a whole new field of data arranged for comparable risk-analyses. Critics of cost/risk/benefit quantifications attack the absurdity of “putting a price on human life” but have not been confronted with its threefold ethical justification. The widening discrepancy in risk-perceptions and loss of mutual confidence between scientific experts and ordinary citizens has placed a burden of social responsibility on members of the scientific and technical community to engage in more effective public education through the political process, notwithstanding advocates of a nonscientific adversary process. The urgency of effective public education has been demonstrated by the extent to which we have lost our historically balanced judgment about the alleged environmental hazards posed by advanced technology.

Maxey, Margaret N.

1978-01-01

324

Principles of management of osteometabolic disorders affecting the aging spine.  

PubMed

Osteoporosis is the most common contributing factor of spinal fractures, which characteristically are not generally known to produce spinal cord compression symptoms. Recently, an increasing number of medical reports have implicated osteoporotic fractures as a cause of serious neurological deficit and painful disabling spinal deformities. This has been corroborated by the present authors as well. These complications are only amenable to surgical management, requiring instrumentation. Instrumenting an osteoporotic spine, although a challenging task, can be accomplished if certain guidelines for surgical techniques are respected. Neurological deficits respond equally well to an anterior or posterior decompression, provided this is coupled with multisegmental fixation of the construct. With the steady increase in the elderly population, it is anticipated that the spine surgeon will face serious complications of osteoporotic spines more frequently. With regard to surgery, however, excellent correction of deformities can be achieved, by combining anterior and posterior approaches. Paget's disease of bone (PD) is a non-hormonal osteometabolic disorder and the spine is the second most commonly affected site. About one-third of patients with spinal involvement exhibit symptoms of clinical stenosis. In only 12-24% of patients with PD of the spine is back pain attributed solely to PD, while in the majority of patients, back pain is either arthritic in nature or a combination of a pagetic process and coexisting arthritis. In this context, one must be certain before attributing low back pain to PD exclusively, and antipagetic medical treatment alone may be ineffective. Neural element dysfunction may be attributed to compressive myelopathy by pagetic bone overgrowth, pagetic intraspinal soft tissue overgrowth, ossification of epidural fat, platybasia, spontaneous bleeding, sarcomatous degeneration and vertebral fracture or subluxation. Neural dysfunction can also result from spinal ischemia when blood is diverted by the so-called "arterial steal syndrome". Because the effectiveness of pharmacologic treatment for pagetic spinal stenosis has been clearly demonstrated, surgical decompression should only be instituted after failure of antipagetic medical treatment. Surgery is indicated as a primary treatment when neural compression is secondary to pathologic fractures, dislocations, spontaneous epidural hematoma, syringomyelia, platybasia, or sarcomatous transformation. Five classes of drugs are available for the treatment of PD. Bisphosphonates are the most popular antipagetic drug and several forms have been investigated. PMID:14505119

Hadjipavlou, Alexander G; Katonis, Paul G; Tzermiadianos, Michael N; Tsoukas, George M; Sapkas, George

2003-09-23

325

DEVELOPING WEED SUPPRESSIVE SOILS THROUGH IMPROVED SOIL QUALITY MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sustainable agriculture is based in part on efficient management of soil microorganisms for improving soil quality. However, identification of biological indicators of soil quality for predicting weed suppression in soils has received little attention. We investigated differences in soil microbial ...

326

Using principles from emergency management to improve emergency response plans for research animals.  

PubMed

Animal research regulatory agencies have issued updated requirements for emergency response planning by regulated research institutions. A thorough emergency response plan is an essential component of an institution's animal care and use program, but developing an effective plan can be a daunting task. The author provides basic information drawn from the field of emergency management about best practices for developing emergency response plans. Planners should use the basic principles of emergency management to develop a common-sense approach to managing emergencies in their facilities. PMID:24051648

Vogelweid, Catherine M

2013-09-19

327

Management of Government Quality Assurance Functions for NASA Contracts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This handbook sets forth requirements for NASA direction and management of government quality assurance functions performed for NASA contracts and is applicable to all NASA installations. These requirements will standardize management to provide the minim...

1993-01-01

328

Total Quality Management Case Study in a Navy Headquarters Organization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the efforts of Fleet Support and Field Activity Management (AIR-04), Naval Air Systems Command, to implement Total Quality Management (TQM). It describes AIR-04's TQM implementation plan and its selection of the engineering change pr...

D. M. McDaniel L. M. Doherty

1990-01-01

329

Managing the shift to a productivity and quality culture.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Managers can exploit the similarities of culture management and efforts to improve productivity and quality because they both rely on values and traditions. Both are continuous, valve-driven processes requiring daily monitoring and evaluation. And both de...

L. A. Mallak H. A. Kurstedt K. A. Welch E. S. Geller P. S. Kurstedt

1991-01-01

330

Principles and applications of hyperspectral imaging in quality evaluation of agro-food products: a review.  

PubMed

The requirements of reliability, expeditiousness, accuracy, consistency, and simplicity for quality assessment of food products encouraged the development of non-destructive technologies to meet the demands of consumers to obtain superior food qualities. Hyperspectral imaging is one of the most promising techniques currently investigated for quality evaluation purposes in numerous sorts of applications. The main advantage of the hyperspectral imaging system is its aptitude to incorporate both spectroscopy and imaging techniques not only to make a direct assessment of different components simultaneously but also to locate the spatial distribution of such components in the tested products. Associated with multivariate analysis protocols, hyperspectral imaging shows a convinced attitude to be dominated in food authentication and analysis in future. The marvellous potential of the hyperspectral imaging technique as a non-destructive tool has driven the development of more sophisticated hyperspectral imaging systems in food applications. The aim of this review is to give detailed outlines about the theory and principles of hyperspectral imaging and to focus primarily on its applications in the field of quality evaluation of agro-food products as well as its future applicability in modern food industries and research. PMID:22823348

Elmasry, Gamal; Kamruzzaman, Mohammed; Sun, Da-Wen; Allen, Paul

2012-01-01

331

Auditing the Quality of Management in the Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an evaluation of the Community College Management Audit, a system designed to assess the abilities of administrative personnel to perform certain key functions of a manager regardless of their areas of responsibility. Argues that the principles underlying organizational effectiveness apply to both businesses and educational organizations.…

Hammons, James O.; Murry, John W. Jr.

1998-01-01

332

Extended principle component analysis - a useful tool to understand processes governing water quality at catchment scales  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water quality of ground and surface waters in catchments is typically driven by many complex and interacting processes. While small scale processes are often studied in great detail, their relevance and interplay at catchment scales remain often poorly understood. For many catchments, extensive monitoring data on water quality have been collected for different purposes. These heterogeneous data sets contain valuable information on catchment scale processes but are rarely analysed using integrated methods. Principle component analysis (PCA) has previously been applied to this kind of data sets. However, a detailed analysis of scores, which are an important result of a PCA, is often missing. Mathematically, PCA expresses measured variables on water quality, e.g. nitrate concentrations, as linear combination of independent, not directly observable key processes. These computed key processes are represented by principle components. Their scores are interpretable as process intensities which vary in space and time. Subsequently, scores can be correlated with other key variables and catchment characteristics, such as water travel times and land use that were not considered in PCA. This detailed analysis of scores represents an extension of the commonly applied PCA which could considerably improve the understanding of processes governing water quality at catchment scales. In this study, we investigated the 170 km2 Ammer catchment in SW Germany which is characterised by an above average proportion of agricultural (71%) and urban (17%) areas. The Ammer River is mainly fed by karstic springs. For PCA, we separately analysed concentrations from (a) surface waters of the Ammer River and its tributaries, (b) spring waters from the main aquifers and (c) deep groundwater from production wells. This analysis was extended by a detailed analysis of scores. We analysed measured concentrations on major ions and selected organic micropollutants. Additionally, redox-sensitive variables and environmental tracers indicating groundwater age were analysed for deep groundwater from production wells. For deep groundwater, we found that microbial turnover was stronger influenced by local availability of energy sources than by travel times of groundwater to the wells. Groundwater quality primarily reflected the input of pollutants determined by landuse, e.g. agrochemicals. We concluded that for water quality in the Ammer catchment, conservative mixing of waters with different origin is more important than reactive transport processes along the flow path.

Selle, B.; Schwientek, M.

2012-04-01

333

Using quality management procedures in education: Managing the learner?centered educational environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now, the role of quality management in education is increasing. Managing for quality is now one of the major issues for educational organizations. One of the key tasks for education managers is to provide the learning process participants with an effective and motivating educational environment. Management of the educational environment presupposes giving a particular attention to students’ needs and requirements

Yulia Stukalina

2010-01-01

334

Teaching total quality management: developing and deploying education throughout a healthcare system.  

PubMed

Healthcare organizations are faced with the responsibility of teaching their entire staff the founding principles, concepts, and practices of total quality management (TQM), to improve organizational effectiveness. Purchasing training products from outside consultants can be costly, but healthcare leaders can design and develop their own TQM training products, integrating each product with their organization's mission and values. This article describes how a Catholic healthcare system successfully developed and deployed a compendium of TQM educational products throughout the health-care system. PMID:10166009

Kleeb, T E

335

Quality Management through Electronic Markets Intermediaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

If goods or services in a market vary in quality and the consumer has due to information asymmetry no means to differentiate providers of high quality from providers of low quality, the market can become a 'lemon market'. This term was introduced by Akerlof to characterise markets where providers of bad quality drive out providers of good quality, creating cost

Michael Ströbel

2000-01-01

336

Quality management in an engineering firm environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering firms find themselves in the middle of the quality movement. Clients want quality services and products. More than that, clients of engineering firms want evidence that engineering firms are improving internal quality while reducing fees to the clients. There is a shift from thinking high quality engineering services means high costs, to a demand for higher quality at lower

Richard Habrecht

1994-01-01

337

Better Cleaning with Continuous Quality Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines ways of improving school cleaning costs and quality by adhering to 15 specific principles. Principles discussed include the use of employee training, accountability, quality equipment and supplies, assignment scheduling, written self audits, computerized management, and industry involvement. (GR)

Griffin, William R.

1999-01-01

338

The Rationale for a Multipollutant, Multimedia Air Quality Management Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Council (NRC) published a major assessment of air quality management practices, Air Quality Management in the United States.1 The assessment resulted from a Congressional direc- tive that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) commission the National Academy of Sciences to evaluate the effectiveness of the Clean Air Act (CAA) from a scientific and technical perspective and to provide recommendations for

Richard Scheffe; Bryan Hubbell; Tyler Fox; Venkatesh Rao; William Pennell

339

Quality management practices in the purchasing function : An empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of this research focuses on firm's perceived implementation of quality management practices in the purchasing function. More specifically, this paper describes an exploratory research effort to analyze and classify quality management practices in purchasing and assesses the relationships of these practices with measurements of a firm purchasing's operational performance (POP), internal customer satisfaction and business performance. The results

Cristóbal Sánchez-Rodríguez; Ángel R. Martínez-Lorente

2004-01-01

340

A computer-integrated framework for global quality chain management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facing increasing pressure from customers to achieve greater responsiveness and reliability, as well as the current trend of globalization, many companies are considering global supply chain management as the core of their business strategy. This global tendency brings new challenges to traditional quality management approaches. It requires moving from the past focus of “my quality” to an emphasis on “our

Kwai-Sang Chin; Guijiang Duan; Xiaoqing Tang

2006-01-01

341

IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT AFFECTING QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF RETURN FLOW  

EPA Science Inventory

Management practices for control of quality and quantity of return subsurface flow were studied theoretically, in the laboratory, and full scale in the field. Field water management studies using waters of different qualities and different leaching fractions showed that the soil ...

342

Quality of Work Life: A Participative Management Process that Works.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To improve the quality of education, Duluth Public Schools (Minnesota) implemented a participative management program using a Quality of Work Life process developed by a diversified labor management committee. The process, which recognizes the skills and creativity of all staff, solves everyday problems while building greater staff commitment to…

Moeser, Elliott L.; Golen, Leonard L.

1987-01-01

343

Total Quality Management: Public Sector Applications for Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Total quality management (TQM) is based on the fundamental philosophy that it is always more effective to do something right the first time than it is to correct deficiencies. It seeks to improve quality and increase customer satisfaction by restructuring traditional management and organizational practices. Common characteristics of TQM include…

Davis, David S.

344

Nutrient Management Certification for Delaware: Developing a Water Quality Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Water quality is a critical environmental, social, and political issue in Delaware. In the late 1990s, a series of events related to water quality issues led to the passage of a state nutrient management law. This new law required nutrient management planning and established a state certification program for nutrient users in the agricultural and…

Hansen, David J.; Binford, Gregory D.

2004-01-01

345

Nutrient Management Certification for Delaware: Developing a Water Quality Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Water quality is a critical environmental, social, and political issue in Delaware. In the late 1990s, a series of events related to water quality issues led to the passage of a state nutrient management law. This new law required nutrient management planning and established a state certification program for nutrient users in the agricultural and…

Hansen, David J.; Binford, Gregory D.

2004-01-01

346

Performance Measurement in the Context of Quality Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes Copenhagen (Denmark) Business School Library's (CBSL) use of performance measurement to manage the quality of library services and facilities. The CBSL quality management program consists of: a statement of strategic goals of development and operation, including a focus on users, good service, efficient internal functions,…

Cotta-Schonberg, Michael

347

Emotional intelligence and the challenges of quality management today  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, Claus Møller talks to Sarah Powell about his company, the concept of emotional intelligence, and the major challenges of quality management today. Claus Møller is the founder and chairman of Time Manager International A\\/S, a provider of “soft” or people skills-related consulting in Europe. His approach focuses on the quality not only of products and services, but

Claus Møller; Sarah Powell

2001-01-01

348

An Inexact Fuzzy-Chance-Constrained Air Quality Management Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regional air pollution is a major concern for almost every country because it not only directly relates to economic development, but also poses significant threats to environment and public health. In this study, an inexact fuzzy-chance-constrained air quality management model (IFAMM) was developed for regional air quality management under uncertainty. IFAMM was formulated through integrating interval linear programming (ILP) within

Ye Xu; Guohe Huang; Xiaosheng Qin; Krzysztof Pikon´; Krzysztof Gaska; Lingjuan Wang; Edgar Oviedo-Rondon; John Small; Zifei Liu; Brian Sheldon; Gerald Havenstein; C. Williams; Di Tian; Daniel Cohan; Sergey Napelenok; Michelle Bergin; Yongtao Hu; Michael Chang; Armistead Russell; Kuo-Pin Yu; Grace Lee; Guo-Hao Huang; Prabhakar Sharma; Tjalfe Poulsen; William Vizuete; Leiran Biton; Harvey Jeffries; Evan Couzo; Yi-Chi Chien; Chenju Liang; Shou-Heng Liu; Shu-Hua Yang; Maciej Kryza; Malgorzata Werner; Marek Blas; Anthony Dore; Mieczyslaw Sobik; Daniel Olsen; Morgan Kohls; Gregg Arney; Kaushlendra Singh; L. Risse; K. C. Das; John Worley; Sidney Thompson; Bryan Comer; James Corbett; J. Hawker; Karl Korfmacher; Earl Lee; Chris Prokop; James Winebrake

2010-01-01

349

Managed Care Features Affecting Quality for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Managed care profoundly changed medical care in the US, yet the impact of these changes on the quality of care remains unclear. The primary aim of this study was to determine the aspects of managed care that impact evidence-based quality of care markers a...

E. R. DeLong

2003-01-01

350

Assessing quality management in an R and D environment  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is a premier research and development institution operated by the University of California for the US Department of Energy. Since 1991, LANL has pursued a heightened commitment to developing world-class quality in management and operations. In 1994 LANL adopted the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award criteria as a framework for all activities and initiated more formalized customer focus and quality management. Five measurement systems drive the current integration of quality efforts: an annual Baldrige-based assessment, a customer focus program, customer-driven performance measurement, an employee performance management system and annual employee surveys, and integrated planning processes with associated goals and measures.

Thompson, B.D.

1998-02-01

351

Consumer evaluations of food risk management quality in Europe.  

PubMed

In developing and implementing appropriate food risk management strategies, it is important to understand how consumers evaluate the quality of food risk management practices. The aim of this study is to model the underlying psychological factors influencing consumer evaluations of food risk management quality using structural equation modeling techniques (SEM), and to examine the extent to which the influence of these factors is country-specific (comparing respondents from Denmark, Germany, Greece, Slovenia, and the United Kingdom). A survey was developed to model the factors that drive consumer evaluations of food risk management practices and their relative importance (n= 2,533 total respondents). The measurement scales included in the structural model were configurally and metrically invariant across countries. Results show that some factors appear to drive perceptions of effective food risk management in all the countries studied, such as proactive consumer protection, which was positively related to consumers' evaluation of food risk management quality, while opaque and reactive risk management was negatively related to perceived food risk management quality. Other factors appeared to apply only in certain countries. For example, skepticism in risk assessment and communication practices was negatively related to food risk management quality, particularly so in the UK. Expertise of food risk managers appeared to be a key factor in consumers' evaluation of food risk management quality in some countries. However, trust in the honesty of food risk managers did not have a significant effect on food risk management quality. From the results, policy implications for food risk management are discussed and important directions for future research are identified. PMID:18093053

Van Kleef, E; Houghton, J R; Krystallis, A; Pfenning, U; Rowe, G; Van Dijk, H; Van der Lans, I A; Frewer, L J

2007-12-01

352

Measuring public health accountability of air quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accountability of air quality management is often measured by tracking ambient pollution concentrations over time. These changes\\u000a in ambient air quality are rarely linked to changes in public health, a major driver for such programs. We propose a method\\u000a to assess the accountability of air quality management programs with respect to improvements in public health by estimating\\u000a national temporal trends

Hwashin Hyun Shin; Richard T. Burnett; David M. Stieb; Barry Jessiman

2009-01-01

353

Quality management systems and clinical outcomes in Dutch nursing homes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the article is to explore the impact quality management systems and quality assurance activities in nursing homes have on clinical outcomes. The results are based on a cross-sectional study in 65 Dutch nursing homes. The management of the nursing homes as well as the residents (N=12,377) participated in the study. Primary survey-data about the implementation of quality

Cordula Wagner; Karen Klein Ikkink; Gerrit van der Wal; Peter Spreeuwenberg; Dinny Herman de Bakker; Peter Paulus Groenewegen

2006-01-01

354

Enhancing consultation practices on Air Quality Management in local authorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schedule 11 of the Environment Act 1995 underpins the requirement for consultation on air quality issues. The ongoing air quality review and assessment process represents one of the largest locally based science policy and communication initiatives ever undertaken in the UK. This paper outlines the practice of consultation and communication for Air Quality Management (AQM) and reviews the interaction between

Nurul Leksmono; Paul Dorfman; Frank Burnet; David Gibbs; James Longhurst; Emma Weitkamp

2010-01-01

355

Supplier quality management in the Pearl River Delta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary objective of this paper is to ascertain the impact of supplier quality management (SQM) on the quality performance of manufacturing companies operating in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) area of Southern China. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Path analysis is used to build a model that demonstrates how SQM contributes to quality performance and also the constructive effect of

V. H. Y Lo; D. Sculli; A. H. W. Yeung

2006-01-01

356

Control-Based Quality Adaptation in Data Stream Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike processing snapshot queries in a traditional DBMS, the processing of continuous queries in a data stream management system (DSMS) needs to satisfy quality requirements such as processing delay. When the system is overloaded, quality degrades signican tly thus load shedding becomes necessary. Maintaining the quality of queries is a dif- cult problem because both the processing cost and data

Yi-cheng Tu; Mohamed Hefeeda; Yuni Xia; Sunil Prabhakar; Song Liu

2005-01-01

357

Managing Customer Relationships for Profit: The Dynamics of Relationship Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addresses customer-relationship economic issues, more specifically the link between service quality and profitability from a relationship marketing and management perspective. In this perspective the task of marketing is not only to establish customer relationships, but also to maintain and enhance them in order to improve customer profitability. In the service quality literature higher quality is assumed to lead to customer

Kaj Storbacka; Tore Strandvik; Christian Grönroos

1994-01-01

358

Corporate Data Quality Management: Towards a Meta-Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data quality management and governance are issues of growing importance to the academic and professional communities. Today there is great concern for the quality of corporate data, as data of poor quality means inaccurate information, which in turn means wasting of resources and harming the organizations, in particular the regulatory compliance and the relationships with their customers. To get an

Ana Lucas

2011-01-01

359

Managing Model Quality in UML-Based Software Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the advent of UML and MDA, models play an increasingly important role in software development. Hence, the management of the quality of models is of key importance for completing projects succesfully. However, existing approaches towards software quality focus on the implementation and execution of systems. These existing quality models cannot be straightforwardly mapped to the domain of UML models

Christian F. J. Lange; Michel R. V. Chaudron

2005-01-01

360

Total Quality Management in Economic Education: Defining the Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides an overview of the criticism leveled at the use of Total Quality Management (TQM) in teaching economics. Proposes an alternative use of TQM that relies more on traditional student-teacher interaction. The alternative TQM uses quality circles, one-minute papers, and quality check sheets. (MJP)|

Ray, Margaret A.

1996-01-01

361

Quality management in health care: a 20-year journey.  

PubMed

In this article, the total quality programme in the Spanish healthcare system (1986-1992) and the subsequent quality improvement steps that have led to definition and implementation of such an integrated framework, seeking a quality management system and patient safety, are discussed. PMID:15552387

Ruiz, Ulises

2004-01-01

362

The implementation of quality management in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of any society allows everyone to discover, enhance and use their own skills. Without access to education, the previous statement has no meaning. In order to function properly, the whole education system must be based on a very high level of quality. The quality system is a combination of organizational structures, responsibilities, procedures and management resources to implement

Oana Maria Rezeanu

2011-01-01

363

Quality, waste and cost considerations in architectural building design management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reduction of design fees in the UK since the start of the 1990 recession has emphasised the need to reduce waste and improve efficiency of the design process. Quality management and its application to the building design process is still a relatively new technique as are the concepts of waste, quality and efficiency. Waste, quality and efficiency are concepts

Geoff Rounce

1998-01-01

364

Quantitative analysis of quality management literature published in total quality management and business excellence (1996–2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to investigate core themes in the quality management research area through a quantitative analysis of research papers published in the journal Total Quality Management and Business Excellence. The study analyses the bibliographies in the published papers in addition to conventional literature reviews. The methodologies applied include bibliometrics and social network techniques. The analysis shows

Qin-Qin Lo; Kah-Hin Chai

2012-01-01

365

Co-management and “consciousness”: Fishers’ assimilation of management principles in Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile's new Management Area system delegates management responsibility to organizations of artisanal shell-fishers on the condition that they team with professionally trained marine biologists. A survey of participating fishers in Chile's Fourth and Fifth regions examined four social benefits predicted to result from this type of co-management: (1) improved rapport between fishers and the state, (2) greater awareness among fishers

Sarah Schumann

2007-01-01

366

Air Quality Management in Pakistani Cities: Trends and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

As impact of airborne pollution been widely recognized, its management is considered as an important component in controlling AQ in the Asian Context. Important parameters and components of Air Quality Management are being discussed. AQ can be improved by integrating a number of technical and management options and financial incentives including, monitoring, evaluation and actions e.g. emission inventorization of various

Noman Fazal Qadir

367

Practice policy and quality initiatives: using lean principles to improve screening mammography workflow.  

PubMed

The "lean" approach is a quality improvement method that focuses on maximizing activities that are valued by the customer and eliminating waste that impedes efficiency in the workplace. The unique philosophy of the lean approach encourages all members of the team to be directly involved in identifying areas of waste and generating solutions to eliminate them. When the breast imaging section at the authors' institution became part of a multispecialty breast care center, the result was escalating examination volumes, more complex cases, and overall increased demand on radiologists' time. After several unsuccessful attempts to improve the efficiency of the section, including evaluation by outside consultants, the decision was made to embark on a comprehensive quality improvement program using the lean approach. A team of radiologists, technologists, file room personnel, information technology (IT) representatives, and administrators from the breast imaging section met twice a month to learn about lean principles and how to apply them to screening mammography workflows. Sources of inefficiency (waste) were identified, and potential solutions were generated. Multiple trials were performed to test these solutions. Throughout the process, all team members were engaged in identifying the problems, suggesting solutions, and implementing change. Most of the tested solutions were successful and resulted in decreased patient wait times, improved efficiency for the technologists and radiologists, faster report turnaround, and advances in IT. In addition, staff members were introduced to the lean philosophy and became actively involved in improving their workplace, resulting in a more cohesive section. © RSNA, 2013. PMID:23813321

Shah, Carla J; Sullivan, Julie R; Gonyo, Mary Beth; Wadhwa, Anubha; Dubois, Melissa S

2013-06-28

368

A model for achieving total quality-management information technology infrastructure within an integrated delivery system.  

PubMed

The strategic development and deployment of a health management information technology infrastructure is discussed from two perspectives for radiologists and for other medical technologists: the integrated delivery system (IDS) perspective and a total quality-management (TQM) perspective. On the one hand, an IDS perspective is important because of the need to prepare radiologists and other medical practitioners to thrive within rapidly changing health organizational models and evolving health service delivery partnership systems. On the other, a TQM perspective is important due to the need to realize an appropriate, efficient, and cost-effective health information infrastructure for developing seamless, integrated radiological and other medical imaging services. Apart from intelligently pursuing an aligned organizational business strategy with the organizational information system strategy, senior radiological managers and medical technologists of health organizations need to pay particular attention to key quality principles for effecting changes in organizational structures and processes to fit changes in information technological requirements, implementations, and innovations. PMID:9848060

Tan, J K

1998-11-01

369

Organizational capability for quality management focusing on Japanese automobile industry: An empirical study on quality accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the product recall cases of Japanese companies which had organizational quality accidents have been seen frequently and these cases have made significant impact on corporate management. The study focuses on the Japanese automobile industry and aims to analyze relations between quality management and organizational capability by focusing on product defects and recalls data. First, the comparative analysis

Ken Kitazawa; Hiroshi Osada

2011-01-01

370

Establishing a competitive advantage through quality management.  

PubMed

The successful dentist of the future will establish a sustainable competitive advantage in the marketplace by recognising that patients undergoing dental treatment cannot see the result before purchase, and that they therefore look for signs of service quality to reduce uncertainty. Thus the successful dentist will implement a quality programme that recognises not only that quality is defined by meeting patients' needs and expectations, but also that quality service is fundamental to successful business strategy. Finally, the successful dentist of the future will realise that the pursuit of quality is a never-ending process which requires leadership by example. PMID:8710317

George, R J

1996-06-01

371

Medical errors--is total quality management for the battlefield desirable?  

PubMed

There has recently been a great deal of discussion in both the lay press as well as the medical press regarding the incidence of errors that occur during medical practice. There have been many discussions of how quality control measures from industry can be applied to the health care system. Indeed both civilian and "brick and mortar" military medical treatment facilities are adapting these techniques. It is important that we understand the principles behind Total Quality Management (TQM) as well as its techniques and limitations. TQM is based on limiting deviation from an accepted standard of practice. These principles may be as applicable to our military health care facilities in a field environment as they are to our fixed facilities, although the standards used for measurement may have to be modified to adapt to different constraints of environment and resources. TQM techniques can nonetheless be applied in virtually any facility to ensure the best possible care and outcomes for our soldiers. PMID:16450816

Cohen, David J; Lisagor, Philip

2005-11-01

372

Quality Assurance Strategy for Existing Homes: Final Quality Management Primer for High Performing Homes  

SciTech Connect

This guide is designed to help Building America (BA) Teams understand quality management and its role in transitioning from conventional to high performance home building and remodeling. It explains what quality means, the value of quality management systems, the unique need for QMS when building high performing homes, and the first steps to a implementing a comprehensive QMS. This document provides a framework and context for BA teams when they encounter builders and remodelers.

Del Bianco, M.; Taggart, J.; Sikora, J.; Wood, A.

2012-12-01

373

Total Quality Management (TQM) and quality assurance (QA) in superfund. Directive  

SciTech Connect

The directive discusses the support of Total Quality Management and Quality Assurance by the Director of the Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. It focuses especially on TQM as it relates to Superfund's QA Program and the development of Data Quality Objective (DQOs) for the RI/FS and RD/RA processes.

Not Available

1990-12-05

374

Strategic management, corporate responsibility and stakeholder management Integrating corporate responsibility principles and stakeholder approaches into mainstream strategy: a stakeholder-oriented and integrative strategic management framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this article is to establish a strategic management framework that supports the integration of corporate social responsibility principles and stakeholder approaches into mainstream business strategy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - A top-down and bottom-up approach was used to develop the proposed framework. The top-down approach focused on analyzing the main strategic management theories including social responsibility movements to

Takis Katsoulakos; Yannis Katsoulacos

375

An integrated software maintenance environment: bridging configuration management and quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors explain an integrated support environment for software maintenance. The essential feature is bridging configuration management and quality management. The environment has been successfully applied to the development and maintenance of a family of switching systems for several years

Mikio Aoyama; Y. Hanai; M. Suzuki

1988-01-01

376

Local air quality management as a risk management process: Assessing, managing and remediating the risk of exceeding an air quality objective in Great Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air quality is managed in Great Britain via an effects-based, risk management process designed to provide a dynamic solution to public health issues associated with elevated concentrations of seven specified air pollutants. This paper is concerned with an examination and evaluation of the process of Local Air Quality Management (LAQM) in Great Britain from the late 1980s to date as

J. W. S. Longhurst; C. I. Beattie; T. J. Chatterton; E. T. Hayes; N. S. Leksmono; N. K. Woodfield

2006-01-01

377

78 FR 59840 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Antelope Valley Air Quality Management...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plan, Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental...B) Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District. (1) Rule 218...B) Antelope Valley Air Quality Management District. (1) Rule...

2013-09-30

378

40 CFR 35.925-2 - Water quality management plans and agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Water quality management plans and agencies. 35...Act § 35.925-2 Water quality management plans and agencies. That...consistent with any applicable water quality management (WQM) plan approved...

2010-07-01

379

The application of integrated safety management principles to the Tritium Extraction Facility project  

SciTech Connect

The DOE has developed a program that is accomplishing a heightened safety posture across the complex. The Integrated Safety Management (ISM) System (ISMS) program utilizes five core functions and seven guiding principles as the basis for implementation. The core functions define the work scope, analyze the hazards, develop and implement hazard controls, perform the work, and provide feedback for improvement. The guiding principles include line management responsibility, clear roles and responsibilities, competence per responsibilities, identification of safety standards/requirements, tailored hazard control, balanced priorities, and operations authorization. There exists an unspecified eighth principle, that is, worker involvement. A program requiring the direct involvement of the employees who are actually performing the work has been shown to be quite an effective method of communicating safety requirements, controlling work in a safe manner, and reducing safety violations and injuries. The Tritium Extraction Facility (TEF) projects, a component of the DOE's Commercial Light Water Reactor Tritium Production program, has taken the ISM principles and core functions and applied them to the project's design. The task of the design team is to design a facility and systems that will meet the production requirements of the DOE tritium mission as well as a design that minimizes the workers' exposure to adverse safety situations and hazards/hazardous materials. During the development of the preliminary design for the TEF, design teams consisted of not only designers but also personnel who had operational experience in the existing tritium and personnel who had operational experience in the existing tritium and personnel who had specialized experience from across the DOE complex. This design team reviewed multiple documents associated with the TEF operation in order to identify and document the hazards associated with the tritium process. These documents include hazards analysis, preliminary safety analysis report, fire hazard analysis, and design process hazards review. As a result of these reviews, hazard mitigation and minimization attributes were incorporated into the design requirements of the TEF.

Hickman, M.O.; Viviano, R.R.

2000-07-01

380

Imbedding HACCP principles in dairy herd health and production management: case report on calf rearing  

PubMed Central

Driven by consumer demands, European legislation has suggested the use of HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) as the quality risk management programme for the whole dairy chain. Until now, an exception has been made for primary producers, but as regulations evolve, on-farm HACCP-like programmes should be ready to assure food safety as well as animal health and animal welfare. In our field experiment, the HACCP-concept was used to combine both optimal farm management and formalisation of quality assurance in an on-farm situation in the Netherlands. The process of young stock rearing was chosen, since its importance for the future of the farm is often underestimated. Hazards and their associated risk factors can be controlled within the farm-specific standards and tolerances, as targets can be controlled by corrective measures and by implementation of farm-specific worksheets. The veterinarian is pivotal for the facility-based HACCP team, since he/she has knowledge about on-farm risk assessment and relations between clinical pathology, feed and farm management. The HACCP concept in combination with veterinary herd health and production management programmes offers a promising approach to optimise on-farm production processes (i.e., young stock rearing) in addition to a structural approach for quality risk management on dairy farms.

2008-01-01

381

The application of quality function deployment in service quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to promote successful application of quality function deployment (QFD) combined with quantitative techniques in service organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper assesses advantages and disadvantages of implementing the QFD method in service organizations. It discusses the integration of quantitative techniques with QFD in order to overcome some of the problems that organizations face

Andreas Andronikidis; Andreas C. Georgiou; Katerina Gotzamani; Konstantina Kamvysi

2009-01-01

382

Quality Management and Building Government Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses serving library-patron needs in terms of customer service and quality control. Highlights include tools for measuring the quality of service (e.g., the SERVQUAL survey), advisory boards or focus groups, library "service statements," changing patron needs, new information formats, and justifying depository library services. (JAK)|

Farrell, Maggie

1998-01-01

383

Premises Of The Quality Management In Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the concept of quality, in general and the manner in which it is perceived in education. For the educational process, quality is not produced exclusively by school, as a provider of educational services, but by the beneficiaries and the purchasers of education.

Maria Bu?e

2010-01-01

384

Quality Management and Building Government Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses serving library-patron needs in terms of customer service and quality control. Highlights include tools for measuring the quality of service (e.g., the SERVQUAL survey), advisory boards or focus groups, library "service statements," changing patron needs, new information formats, and justifying depository library services. (JAK)

Farrell, Maggie

1998-01-01

385

SITE-SPECIFIC SOIL QUALITY MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Soil quality is a concept used to assess and monitor the ability of a soil to serve its various functions. This investigation covers four aspects of soil quality with a literature review, and provides complimentary research findings recently conducted on U.S. Midwest claypan soils. The four aspects ...

386

Falls Management Program: A Quality Improvement Initiative for Nursing Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Falls Management Program (FMP) is an interdisciplinary quality improvement initiative. It is designed to assist nursing facilities in providing individualized, person-centered care, and improving their fall care processes and outcomes through educatio...

H. Brown J. Ouslander J. A. Taylor P. Parmelee

2005-01-01

387

Experience and Potential for Regional Water Quality Management.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A geologic, geographic, and historic narrative of the Miami Valley (Ohio) area and the relationship of past and present selected trends to water quality management is described. The information is to be used in appraising the possible alternative manageme...

1976-01-01

388

Total Quality Management and Reform of the Military Acquisition System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author analyzed Total Quality Management (TQM) and the acquisition system and assessed the probability that TQM could help reform the acquisition system. TQM concepts deemed critical to success in Japanese commercial enterprises were noted. Significan...

D. C. Carter

1990-01-01

389

Implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) 1: The Command Imperative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the role senior leadership must play in the Total Quality Management/Methodology for Generating Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures (TQM/MGEEM) process and philosophy. Generally observed characteristics of DOD organization TQM impl...

C. N. Weaver M. T. Upton

1992-01-01

390

Transportation System Management, Air Quality, and Energy Conservation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This information bulletin explores Transportation Systems Management (TSM) issues and problems, such as mandates for TSM, Air Quality and Transportation, Energy TSM, TSM Goals and Trade-offs, Effectiveness of TSM Strategies, Planning and Implementing TSM,...

1980-01-01

391

From Quality Circles to Participation: Managing the Transition (Part Two).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on the experience of such firms as People Express, General Motors, and Digital Equipment Corporation to illustrate successful transition from quality circle participation to full participation in management. (CT)

Simmons, John

1985-01-01

392

GSA Quality Management Assessment Process: Methods and Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The General Services Administration initiated a process for assessing the level of Quality Management implementation agencywide in 1991. The process utilizes an annual survey of a random sample of GSA's employees. The report provides information on the tw...

T. Nitti M. Caswell

1992-01-01

393

Great Lakes: Quality Management Training - Data Review Glossary  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Primary Data:  New data from various sources including field, lab, computer models, and environmental technology, among others.   From Great Lakes: Quality Management Training - Data Review Glossary  -  Search all glossaries for terms containing "primary data"

2013-05-09

394

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage,

1999-01-01

395

Keys for successful implementation of total quality management in hospitals.  

PubMed

Editor's Note: This article reports the findings of an analysis of the implementation of continuous quality improvement (CQI) or total quality management (TQM) programs in 10 hospitals. This analysis is the result of a 2-year study designed to identify and assess the ingredients that lead to the successful implementation of CQI programs in acute care hospitals. This article first appeared in Health Care Management Review 21(1), 48-60. Copyright © 1996 Aspen Publishers, Inc. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins). PMID:20844354

Carman, James M; Shortell, Stephen M; Foster, Richard W; Hughes, Edward F X; Boerstler, Heidi; O' Brien, James L; O'Connor, Edward J

396

The Role of Exposure Science in Air Quality Management  

EPA Science Inventory

Air quality standards and regulations are designed to protect public health and the environment. However, there are issues regarding whether the current standards and regulations should be adjusted to be more protective or to more effectively target air quality management activi...

397

Integration of work measurement and Total Quality Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total Quality Management (TQM) emphasizes continuous improvements and quality. However, Deming, in his 14 Points (an early framework for TQM), explicitly discourages time standards. However, time standards have historically been used to measure work and evaluate productivity improvements. The objective of this study was to determine how industry addresses these conflicting views. To accomplish this, two questionnaires – plant or

Esin Sadikoglu

2005-01-01

398

Inhibiting factors of implementing total quality management on construction sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality systems entail having the organizational structure, responsibilities, procedures, processes and resources for implementing quality management such that there is a guiding framework to ensure that every time a process is performed the same information, method, skills and controls are used and practiced in a consistent manner. With its primary focus being the involvement of everyone, TQM has the potential

Theo C. Haupt; Daniel E. Whiteman

2004-01-01

399

Outcomes Assessment Tools: Improving Quality of Construction Management Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accreditation of academic programs is an ongoing process that serves as a catalyst for continuou s improvement in Construction Management Program quality. This paper describes a methodology and procedures involved for preserving and improving the quality of CM programs, which is a necessary requirement for accreditation as well. Different tools used for collecting data are also presented for interested

Javier Irizarry; Khalid Siddiqi

400

Total quality management and ISO 9000 applications in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature includes many success and failure stories of the firms adopting total quality management (TQM). As many firms in Turkey try to adopt this philosophy, there is a need to clarify quality concepts and comment on applications. This paper attempts a broad review of the current status of TQM and ISO 9000 in Turkey. It considers the extent to

Ahmet Beskese; Ufuk Cebeci

2001-01-01

401

Reforms, Leadership and Quality Management in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…

Papadimitriou, Antigoni

2011-01-01

402

Managing University Business Educational Quality: ISO or AACSB?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide insight into quality management for business education. The paper provides business schools and Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) with information about two different quality standards and suggests how the AACSB accreditation process might be strengthened--thereby…

Dumond, Ellen J.; Johnson, Thomas W.

2013-01-01

403

CROPPING MANAGEMENT IMPACTS SOIL QUALITY INDICATORS FOR CLAYPAN SOILS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Management practices have the potential to either enhance or degrade soil quality, which in turn impact crop production and the environment. The objectives of this study were to investigate how 13 years of cropping and conservation reserve program (CRP) practices have impacted soil quality indicato...

404

Race, Managed Care, And The Quality Of Substance Abuse Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of managed behavioral health care by state Medicaid agencies has the potential to increase the quality of treatment for racial minorities by promoting access to substance abuse treatment and creating more appropriate utilization patterns. This paper examines three indicators of quality for white, Black, and Hispanic Medicaid clients who received substance abuse treatment in Massachusetts between 1992 and

Marilyn C. Daley; Grant A. Ritter; Dominic Hodgkin; Richard H. Beinecke

2005-01-01

405

Keys for successful implementation of total quality management in hospitals.  

PubMed

This article reports the findings of an analysis of the implementation of continuous quality improvement (CQI) or total quality management (TQM) programs in 10 hospitals. This analysis is the result of a 2-year study designed to identify and assess the ingredients that lead to the successful implementation of CQI programs in acute care hospitals. PMID:8647690

Carman, J M; Shortell, S M; Foster, R W; Hughes, E F; Boerstler, H; O'Brien, J L; O'Conner, E J

1996-01-01

406

The pyramid model as a structured way of quality management  

PubMed Central

Three quality systems that can be used in blood establishments are briefly explained. The Pyramid model is described as a tool to manage the quality systems. Finally, some experiences in other countries are given to prove the validity of the system.

van der Tuuk Adriani, Willem PA; Sibinga, Smit

2008-01-01

407

Total Quality Management at an Oak Ridge laboratory and the establishment of an internal quality program  

SciTech Connect

In order for any laboratory to be successful today, it is imperative that a total commitment to quality management be the keystone of that laboratory. Modern industry has begun to recognize that it must reach beyond traditional Quality Assurance methods and enlist the participation of all members of the organization for their unique contributions to make their organizations truly excellent. This report discusses Total Quality Management in the Analytical Services Organization at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Laboratories are in the Y-12 Plant, which is one of three government sites located in Oak Ridge that are managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems for the Department of Energy (DOE).

Dorsey, J.G.

1993-11-01

408

Principles of Liability for Athletic Trainers: Managing Sport-Related Concussion  

PubMed Central

Objective: To provide an overview of the general legal principles of negligence for sports medicine professionals and apply these principles to situations involving athletes with head injury. Data Sources: Case law dating back to 1976 and recent studies of sport-related concussion. Summary: One of the most difficult problems facing athletic trainers and team physicians is the recognition and treatment of sport-related concussion. Providing medical clearance for sports participation and treatment of athletic injuries involves legal as well as medical issues. The threat of lawsuits exists for the sports medicine professional, whether the athlete is allowed to play or not. In general, established medical malpractice principles govern claims by athletes for injury or death caused by improper treatment by health care providers. The elements of negligence are examined, as well as the primary defenses an athletic trainer would use in court and risk management techniques to avoid litigation. Conclusions/Recommendations: Athletic trainers may protect themselves from liability by including standardized cognitive or postural stability testing in preparticipation examinations, using objective tests rather than subjective judgement to evaluate athletes who have sport-related concussion, working closely with physicians, and keeping excellent records.

2001-01-01

409

AirScope: A Microscale Urban Air Quality Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Monitoring air quality for daily life gets more and more attention. Especially in modern urban environment with high skylines\\u000a and unexpected pollution events, it is important to have micro-scale monitoring in addition to traditional monitoring methods.\\u000a We propose a micro-scale modeling system as well as a micro-scale air quality monitoring system, which comprises as a micro-scale\\u000a air quality management system,

Jung-Hun Woo; HyungSeok Kim; Sang Boem Lim; Jae-Jin Kim; Jonghyun Lee; Rina Ryoo; Hansoo Kim

2010-01-01

410

An analysis of quality management in franchise systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a conceptual model of behavior in the franchise network from the perspective of quality management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on the review of the literature, the development of a theoretical scale for measuring quality in franchise systems in the short term (i.e. transactional quality) and in the long term (i.e. relationship

Margarita Fernández Monroy; Lucía Melián Alzola

2005-01-01

411

Quality assurance management plan (QAPP) special analytical support (SAS)  

SciTech Connect

It is the policy of Special Analytical Support (SAS) that the analytical aspects of all environmental data generated and processed in the laboratory, subject to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), U.S. Department of Energy or other project specific requirements, be of known and acceptable quality. It is the intention of this QAPP to establish and assure that an effective quality controlled management system is maintained in order to meet the quality requirements of the intended use(s) of the data.

LOCKREM, L.L.

1999-05-20

412

Incorporating Person Centred Care Principles into an Ongoing Comprehensive Cancer Management Program: An Experiential Account  

PubMed Central

Recent research indicates a definite positive impact on treatment outcomes when an integrative approach that focuses on symptom control and quality of life is provided along with the standard therapeutic regimens. However implementation or practice of this approach is not seen widely due to the culture of medical training and practice. This article presents the initial development of a program for incorporating integrative care principles into an ongoing comprehensive cancer care program at a tertiary centre. The key purpose of the program being to develop, facilitate, and establish comprehensive and holistic processes including palliative care principles, that would positively enhance the quantity and quality of life of the person with disease, as well as create an environment that reflects and sustains this approach. The vision, objectives, goals, strategies, activities and results within the 7 months of implementation are documented. The new learnings gained during the process have also been noted in the hope that the model described may be used to conceptualize similar care giving facilities in other centres.

Nandini, Vallath; Sridhar, CN; Usharani, MR; Kumar, John Preshanth; Salins, Naveen

2011-01-01

413

Management quality, firm performance and market pressure in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate whether management quality explains firm performance in Russia. We find that it explains relatively little in terms of firm performance, but it does explain some of the differences between firms in Russia’s Far East and the rest of Russia. While management practices may not yet affect firm performance in a measurable way, they may do so in the

Guido Friebel; Helena Schweiger

2012-01-01

414

Benefit-cost analysis in air quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential for using cost-benefit analysis in air quality management is assessed. Definitions and concepts used in cost-benefit analysis are explained, and the steps required to derive a quantitative estimate of the costs and benefits of a particular management strategy are described. Difficulties in the use of such analysis are discussed. Problems of translating biological, chemical, physiological, and physical effects

G. L. Brady; B. T. Bower

1981-01-01

415

Managing subcontractor supply chain for quality in construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To provide a decision support tool for long-term management of subcontractor supply chain for achieving better quality in construction. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Defects on three construction projects are investigated through direct observation, document analysis, and interviews. A method to analyse and present defects information as an aid to decision making in relation to subcontractor supply chain management is proposed,

Khalid Karim; Marton Marosszeky; Steven Davis

2006-01-01

416

Practical approaches for healthcare: Indoor air quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of indoor air quality (IAQ) is of interest to building occupants, managers, owners, and regulators alike. Whether by poor design, improper attention, inadequate maintenance or the intent to save energy, many buildings today have significantly degraded IAQ levels. Considering the increase of facilities and occupants in the non-industrial sector of the nation`s workforce, the consequences of inadequate IAQ,

A. R. Turk; E. M. Poulakos

1996-01-01

417

eQuality: An Application of DDucks to Process Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Process management is a method for improving Boeing's business processes, however many aspects have been difficult to implement. eQuality is a software system based on a framework called DDUCKS that is being designed to support the process management life cycle. We take a knowledge acquisition approach to the development of the tool, emphasizing the importance of mediating and intermediate knowledge

Jeffrey M. Bradshaw; Peter Holm; Oscar Kipersztok; Thomas Nguyen

1992-01-01

418

Problem Solving Teams in a Total Quality Management Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the problem-solving team training process used at Harvard University (Massachusetts), including the size and formation of teams, roles, and time commitment. Components of the process are explained, including introduction to Total Quality Management (TQM), customer satisfaction, meeting management, Parker Team Player Survey, interactive…

Towler, Constance F.

1993-01-01

419

Quality management: the way to improve Latin American public libraries?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on public libraries in Latin America as one important means of information provision at the end of the twentieth century, discussing how they can improve their effectiveness. Defends the view that Latin American countries can use quality management to improve the services they provide through their public libraries. Suggests that, to receive the most benefit from this management theory,

Waldomiro C. S. Vergueiro

1996-01-01

420

Quality of service ensuring in urban solid waste management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present paper, a framework for the design and implementation of a system aiming to guarantee the quality of services for urban solid waste management is proposed. This system consists of a geo-referenced spatial database, built in the environment of a geographic information system (GIS), which includes all required parameters for waste management. These parameters involve point sources of

Nikolaos V. Karadimas; Vassili G. Loumos; Ourania D. Mavrantza

2004-01-01

421

HR Manager Leadership in Quality Improvement in a College Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the influence of the human resource (HR) manager on the quality of service in an academic college, and the human resource management (HRM) outcomes of the process. Design/methodology/approach: The paper relates to a customer satisfaction survey. More than 120 questionnaires were completed by the…

Sharabi, Moshe

2010-01-01

422

A practical guide to applying lean tools and management principles to health care improvement projects.  

PubMed

Manufacturing organizations have used Lean management principles for years to help eliminate waste, streamline processes, and cut costs. This pragmatic approach to structured problem solving can be applied to health care process improvement projects. Health care leaders can use a step-by-step approach to document processes and then identify problems and opportunities for improvement using a value stream process map. Leaders can help a team identify problems and root causes and consider additional problems associated with methods, materials, manpower, machinery, and the environment by using a cause-and-effect diagram. The team then can organize the problems identified into logical groups and prioritize the groups by impact and difficulty. Leaders must manage action items carefully to instill a sense of accountability in those tasked to complete the work. Finally, the team leaders must ensure that a plan is in place to hold the gains. PMID:22201573

Simon, Ross W; Canacari, Elena G

2012-01-01

423

The application of ecological principles and fermentable fibers to manage the gastrointestinal tract ecosystem.  

PubMed

Because diet can influence the structure and functions of the gastrointestinal tract, there are opportunities for using diet as a "management tool" to affect the resident microbiota. Fermentable fibers increase the densities of beneficial bacteria and stimulate growth and functions of the healthy intestine. Recent findings show that after acute diarrhea, the use of an oral electrolyte solution with the fermentable fiber oligofructose accelerates recovery of beneficial bacteria, reduces the relative abundance of detrimental bacteria, stimulates mucosal growth and enhances digestive and immune functions. This review will focus on how the principles of stream ecology can be applied to better understand the distribution of bacteria along the length of the gastrointestinal tract, the effect of diarrhea on the gastrointestinal ecosystem and how fermentable fibers can be used as a "management tool" to promote gastrointestinal health in normal states and during recovery from diarrhea. PMID:10395618

Buddington, R K; Weiher, E

1999-07-01

424

Quality of Project Management Education and Training Programmes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper refers to the factors which influence the quality of training and education on project management. A survey was made and the main results are presented. 81 % of the responses came from China. The rest were professionals of different EU nationalities. The percentage of Project Managers who answered the questions is rather low - 8%. In the "Others" category, we have software developers, financial managers and professors, who are involved in both training on project management, but also as team members or team managers in projects, thus ensuring a balanced overview of both theory and practical issues.

Bodea, Constanta-Nicoleta; Dascalu, Maria; Coman, Melania

425

Outcomes Management Conference: Quality of Cancer Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This was the third Evanston Northwestern Healthcare/Northwestern Universitysponsored conference on outcomes management. The conference was built around two interconnected themes that focused on activities essential for improving cancer care: expanding and...

C. Nowinski D. Cella S. Becker C. Caprini K. Cook

2004-01-01

426

Acute ischemic stroke management: administration of thrombolytics, neuroprotectants, and general principles of medical management.  

PubMed

The pathophysiology of acute ischemic stroke involves occlusion of a cerebral artery; therefore, cerebral reperfusion is the primary goal of acute treatment. This article discusses established and emerging therapies for acute ischemic stroke. In addition to thrombolysis, acute treatment with antiplatelet agents and other medications and neuroprotection are reviewed. The general medical management of acute ischemic stroke patients is also reviewed. PMID:19026898

Khaja, Aslam M

2008-11-01

427

From responsible management to responsible organizations; the democratic principle for managing organizational ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of organizations have adopted formal ethics programs. Almost all of these programs are institutionalized at a corporate level and based on communication with representatives and on hierarchical regulations. Sociotechnical theory suggests the use of a participative approach for managing ethics in an organization. In this approach, employees and other stakeholders are directly involved in setting the norms,

Maarten J. Verkerk; Leede de Jan; André H. J. Nijhof

2001-01-01

428

Students as Employees: Applying Performance Management Principles in the Management Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The student-as-employee metaphor emphasizes student accountability and participation in learning and provides instructors with work-oriented methods for creating a productive class environment. The authors propose that the tenets of performance management in work organizations can be applied to the classroom. In particular, they focus on three…

Gillespie, Treena L.; Parry, Richard O.

2009-01-01

429

Students as Employees: Applying Performance Management Principles in the Management Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The student-as-employee metaphor emphasizes student accountability and participation in learning and provides instructors with work-oriented methods for creating a productive class environment. The authors propose that the tenets of performance management in work organizations can be applied to the classroom. In particular, they focus on three…

Gillespie, Treena L.; Parry, Richard O.

2009-01-01

430

Disasters and mass casualties: I. General principles of response and management.  

PubMed

Disaster planning and response to a mass casualty incident pose unique demands on the medical community. Because they would be required to confront many casualties with bodily injury and surgical problems, surgeons in particular must become better educated in disaster management. Compared with routine practice, triage principles in disasters require an entirely different approach to evaluation and care and often run counter to training and ethical values. An effective response to disaster and mass casualty events should focus on an "all hazards" approach, defined as the ability to adapt and apply fundamental disaster management principles universally to any mass casualty incident, whether caused by people or nature. Organizational tools such as the Incident Command System and the Hospital Incident Command System help to effect a rapid and coordinated response to specific situations. The United States federal government, through the National Response Plan, has the responsibility to respond quickly and efficiently to catastrophic incidents and to ensure critical life-saving assistance. International medical surgical response teams are capable of providing medical, surgical, and intensive care services in austere environments anywhere in the world. PMID:17602028

Born, Christopher T; Briggs, Susan M; Ciraulo, David L; Frykberg, Eric R; Hammond, Jeffrey S; Hirshberg, Asher; Lhowe, David W; O'Neill, Patricia A

2007-07-01

431

Manager personality, manager service quality orientation, and service climate: test of a model.  

PubMed

This article conceptually and empirically explores the relationships among manager personality, manager service quality orientation, and climate for customer service. Data were collected from 1,486 employees and 145 managers in grocery store departments (N = 145) to test the authors' theoretical model. Largely consistent with hypotheses, results revealed that core self-evaluations were positively related to managers' service quality orientation, even after dimensions of the Big Five model of personality were controlled, and that service quality orientation fully mediated the relationship between personality and global service climate. Implications for personality and organizational climate research are discussed. PMID:18020810

Salvaggio, Amy Nicole; Schneider, Benjamin; Nishii, Lisa H; Mayer, David M; Ramesh, Anuradha; Lyon, Julie S

2007-11-01

432

Information systems as a quality management tool in clinical laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article describes information systems as a quality management tool in clinical laboratories. The quality of laboratory analyses is of fundamental importance for health professionals in aiding appropriate diagnosis and treatment. Information systems allow the automation of internal quality management processes, using standard sample tests, Levey-Jennings charts and Westgard multirule analysis. This simplifies evaluation and interpretation of quality tests and reduces the possibility of human error. This study proposes the development of an information system with appropriate functions and costs for the automation of internal quality control in small and medium-sized clinical laboratories. To this end, it evaluates the functions and usability of two commercial software products designed for this purpose, identifying the positive features of each, so that these can be taken into account during the development of the proposed system.

Schmitz, Vanessa; Rosecler Bez el Boukhari, Marta

2007-11-01

433

The Content and Quality of Forensic Mental Health Assessment: Validation of a Principles-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expanding practice of forensic mental health assessment (FMHA) has created a need for more detailed guidelines within the field. Toward that end, Heilbrun (2001) has described a set of principles developed using relevant legal, ethical, scientific, and professional authority. These principles have not yet been validated through the use of expert judgment. The current study examined the content of

Tammy D. Lander; Kirk Heilbrun

2009-01-01

434

Software quality management and ISO 9000 implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The software industry has matured into a global business with software products and applications growing in number, complexity, and market importance. Global sourcing and software production and operations sharing are becoming the industry standard. At the same time, the marketplace has become less tolerant of poor-quality products and hidden maintenance costs. Reviews various existing standards and frameworks and discusses the

Y. Helio Yang

2001-01-01

435

Value of information for water quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is now much interest in comprehensive watershed-based approaches to water quality protection. While there is much to be said in favor of such an approach, it is also clear that implementation requires information that is often lacking. Given that information acquisition is costly, decisions are required about the types and amounts of information that should be sought. We examine

Tatiana Borisova; James Shortle; Richard D. Horan; David Abler

2005-01-01

436

Q methodology, risk training and quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a Q methodological study of professional understandings of the notion of risk in mental health services within the UK are discussed in relation to the relevance for staff training and quality assurance. The study attempted to access the diversity of understandings of risk issues amongst a multi-professional group of staff (n = 60) attending inter-agency risk training

Mick McKeown; Martin Hinks; Mark Stowell-Smith; Dave Mercer; Joe Forster

1999-01-01

437

Essays in quality and supply chain management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis contains quantitative models to aid managerial decision making in various aspects of manufacturing operations. The first essay deals with the economic design of multivariate statistical quality control charts, which help users respond quickly to sudden changes in the manufacturing process characteristics. The use of a system of univariate charts is a simple and effective way to monitor the

Dogan A Serel

1998-01-01

438

Managing Indoor Air Quality in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication examines the causes and effects of poor indoor air quality and provides information for reducing exposure to indoor contaminants in schools. It discusses the various indoor pollutants found in schools, including dust, chemical agents, gases, and volatile organic compounds; where they are found in schools; and their health effects…

Woolums, Jennifer

439

Total Quality Management and Organizational Behavior Management: An Integration for Continual Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history and main features of organizational behavior management (OBM) are compared and integrated with those of total quality management (TQM), with emphasis on W.E. Deming's 14 points and OBM's operant-based approach to performance management. Interventions combining OBM, TQM, and statistical process control are recommended. (DB)|

Mawhinney, Thomas C.

1992-01-01

440

Global Quality Management: A Research Focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at the purchasing of imported industrial products among managers in a newly industrializing country (NIC). The authors propose that the industrial marketing requirements to buyers in an NIC, given their mix of environmental and organizational conditions, are different from those in advanced nations. South Korea, in addition to being a representative NIC, is interesting from the standpoint

Kee Young Kim; Dae Ryun CHANG

1995-01-01

441

PUGET SOUND WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT PLAN  

EPA Science Inventory

The goal of the Puget Sound Management Plan is to restore and protect the biological health and diversity of Puget Sound by: preserving and restoring wetlands and aquatic habitats and the nat-ural processes and functions that created them; preventing increases in the introduction...

442

Internal Quality Management Auditing:An Examination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a review and examination of internal auditing based on research and practical experience gained in a medium-sized chemical manufacturer over a period of four years. Discusses benefits of management auditing and proposes a structured approach to efficient and effective audits. Analyses problems experienced in establishing an audit programme and gives guidelines to help organizations avoid some of the difficulties

J. M. Askey; B. G. Dale

1994-01-01

443

Mexico City Air quality: Progress of an international collaborative project to define air quality management options  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mexico City Air Quality Research Initiative was a 3-yr international collaborative project to develop or adapt a set of air quality management decision analysis tools for Mexico City and make them available to Mexican policy makers. The project comprised three tasks: modeling and simulation, characterization and measurement, and strategic evaluation. A prognostic, mesoscale meteorological model was adapted to the

Francisco Guzmán

1996-01-01

444

Local air quality management: a practical approach to air quality assessment and emissions audit  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the results of the practical application of national UK tools of air quality management on a local scale, to show their usefulness and application. Such tools include an urban emissions inventory, dispersion modelling and the review and assessment guidance procedures of the National Air Quality Strategy.

H. Crabbe; R. Beaumont; D. Norton

1999-01-01

445

Quality Management in the Logistics Industry: an Examination and a Ten Step Approach for Quality Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A??????? We examine the factors that encourage firms in Hong Kong's logistics industry to implement quality management systems (QMSs) to ensure quality in their work processes. Based on a case study, we introduce a generic ten-step approach for QMS implementation, and discuss the cost and service advantages achieved in the case firm. The approach offers procedural guidelines for firms in

KEE-HUNG LAI; GILBERT LAU; T. C. E. CHENG

446

How supply quality management improves an organization's quality performance: a study of Chinese manufacturing firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of unfavourable economic conditions, organizations worldwide have to constantly reconstruct their business strategies in order to survive. Recent studies have stressed the importance of supply quality management (SQM) for the general competitiveness of manufacturers. However, very little empirical research has been carried out that specifically examines how SQM practices lead to improvements in quality across an organization. To scrutinise

V. H. Y. Lo; A. H. W. Yeung; A. C. L. Yeung

2007-01-01

447

Quality Management and Qualification Needs 1: Quality and Personnel Concepts of SMEs in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines how quality management is implemented in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Germany, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. It presents the survey results as two sector studies. Competitive and specialization tendencies of the sectors and company concepts of "quality" and "personnel" are…

Koper, Johannes; Zaremba, Hans Jurgen

448

Mitigating Negative Water Quality and Quality Externalities by Joint Management of Adjacent Aquifiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groundwater basins are usually separated into aquifers that are hydrologically interrelated. This interrelation may take the form of water movement from one aquifer to another. When differentials in water quality exist, pumping from one of the aquifers can cause water movement that may be associated with degradation of its quality. A management policy that considers this interrelation may be preferable

Naomi Zeitouni; Ariel Dinar

1997-01-01

449

78 FR 63934 - Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plans; California; El Dorado County Air Quality Management...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

EPA is proposing to approve a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by California for the El Dorado County Air Quality Management District (EDAQMD) portion of the California SIP. The submitted SIP revision contains the District's demonstrations regarding Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) requirements for the 1997 8-hour ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards......

2013-10-25

450

Hoshin Kanri: a technique for strategic quality management.  

PubMed

This paper describes a technique for Strategic Quality Management (SQM), known as Hoshin Kanri, which has been operated as a management system in many Japanese companies since the 1960s. It represents a core aspect of Japanese companies' management systems, and is stated as: the means by which the overall control system and Total Quality Management (TQM) are deployed. Hoshin Kanri is not particularly unique in its concept of establishing and tracking individual goals and objectives, but the manner in which the objectives and the means to achieve them are developed and deployed is. The problem with applying the concept of Strategic Quality Management (SQM) using Hoshin Kanri, is that it can tend to challenge the traditional authoritarian strategic planning models, which have become the paradigms of modern business. Yet Hoshin Kanri provides an appropriate tool for declaration of the strategic vision for the business while integrating goals and targets in a single holistic model. There have been various adaptations of Hoshin Kanri to align the technique to Western thinking and management approaches, yet outside Japan its significance has gone largely unreported. It is proposed that Hoshin Kanri is an effective methodology for SQM, which has a number of benefits over the more conventional planning techniques. The benefits of Hoshin Kanri as a tool for Strategic Quality Management (SQM) compared to conventional planning systems include: integration of strategic objectives with tactical daily management, the application of the plan-do-check-act cycle to business process management, parallel planning and execution methodology, company wide approach, improvements in communication, increased consensus and buy-in to goal setting, and cross-functional-management integration. PMID:11797824

Tennant, C; Roberts, P A

451

Quality management practices in purchasing and its effect on purchasing's operational performance and internal customer satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supply chain management and total quality management can help provide organisations with a sustainable competitive advantage by improving product quality and service while reducing cost. An effective purchasing function is one of the essential competencies to quality management and supply chain success. The objective of this research is to examine empirically a model relating the implementation of quality management practices

Cristóbal Sánchez-Rodríguez; David Hemsworth; Ángel R. Martínez-Lorente

2004-01-01

452

Quality Improvement, Quality Assurance, and Benchmarking: Comparing Two Frameworks for Managing Quality Processes in Open and Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Managing quality processes become critically important for higher education institutions generally, but especially for institutions involved in open and distance learning. In Australia, managers of centers responsible for open and distance learning have identified two frameworks that potentially offer ways of conceiving of the application of…

Inglis, Alistair

2005-01-01

453

Two Principles of High-Level Human Visual Processing Potentially Useful for Image and Video Quality Assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Objective assessment of image and video quality should be based on a correct understanding of subjective assessment by human observers. Previous models have incorporated the mechanisms of early visual processing in image quality metrics, enabling us to evaluate the visibility of errors from the original images. However, to understand how human observers perceive image quality, one should also consider higher stages of visual processing where perception is established. In higher stages, the visual system presumably represents a visual scene as a collection of meaningful components such as objects and events. Our recent psychophysical studies suggest two principles related to this level of processing. First, the human visual system integrates shape and color signals along perceived motion trajectories in order to improve visibility of the shape and color of moving objects. Second, the human visual system estimates surface reflectance properties like glossiness using simple image statistics rather than by inverse computation of image formation optics. Although the underlying neural mechanisms are still under investigation, these computational principles are potentially useful for the development of effective image processing technologies and for quality assessment. Ideally, if a model can specify how a given image is transformed into high-level scene representations in the human brain, it would predict many aspects of subjective image quality, including fidelity and naturalness.

Nishida, Shin'ya

454

Cost principles for nonprofit organizations--Office of Management and Budget. Notice.  

PubMed

This notice offers interested parties an opportunity to comment on a proposed revision to Circular A-122, "Cost Principles for Nonprofit Organizations." The proposed revision establishes special provisions for costs related to political advocacy. Similar revisions are being simultaneously proposed for civilian and defense contractors through appropriate actions by the Department of Defense, NASA and GSA, the three agencies with authority to issue procurement regulations. The purpose of these proposals is to ensure that federal tax dollars are not used, directly or indirectly, for the support of political advocacy. Over the past 25 years, the volume of federal activity conducted through grantees and contractors has dramatically grown. Sound management of federal grants and contracts has correspondingly gained in importance. The responsibility of the President through OMB to improve the management of the executive branch of government with a view to efficient and economical service, and to fulfill other statutory and constitutional responsibilities, extends to issues of grant and contract management no less than to issues of direct federal activity. PMID:10259804

1983-01-24

455

Strategy Guideline: Quality Management in Existing Homes; Cantilever Floor Example  

SciTech Connect

This guideline is designed to highlight the QA process that can be applied to any residential building retrofit activity. The cantilevered floor retrofit detailed in this guideline is included only to provide an actual retrofit example to better illustrate the QA activities being presented. The goal of existing home high performing remodeling quality management systems (HPR-QMS) is to establish practices and processes that can be used throughout any remodeling project. The research presented in this document provides a comparison of a selected retrofit activity as typically done versus that same retrofit activity approached from an integrated high performance remodeling and quality management perspective. It highlights some key quality management tools and approaches that can be adopted incrementally by a high performance remodeler for this or any high performance retrofit. This example is intended as a template and establishes a methodology that can be used to develop a portfolio of high performance remodeling strategies.

Taggart, J.; Sikora, J.; Wiehagen, J.; Wood, A.

2011-12-01

456

Water quality management of aquifer recharge using advanced tools.  

PubMed

Managed aquifer recharge (MAR) with recycled water or other alternative resources is one of the most rapidly growing techniques that is viewed as a necessity in water-short areas. In order to better control health and environmental effects of MAR, this paper presents two case studies demonstrating how to improve water quality, enable reliable tracing of injected water and better control and manage MAR operation in the case of indirect and direct aquifer recharge. Two water quality management strategies are illustrated on two full-scale case studies, including the results of the combination of non conventional and advanced technologies for water quality improvement, comprehensive sampling and monitoring programs including emerging pollutants, tracer studies using boron isotopes and integrative aquifer 3D GIS hydraulic and hydrodispersive modelling. PMID:22214066

Lazarova, Valentina; Emsellem, Yves; Paille, Julie; Glucina, Karl; Gislette, Philippe

2011-01-01

457

Operational Water Quality Management: Problem Context and Evaluation of a Model for River Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In river basins where water is used intensively and by many activities and facilities, the essential questions of water quality management are changing from being issues of planning alone to being problems of operational decision making. In the past 10 years in the United Kingdom, for example, the technology, economics, legislation, and institutional structure of management have all changed substantially. Together these changes have overturned the traditional assumptions made about the nature of managing river water quality. This paper discusses the foundations for a case study in operational water quality management. The basis of the case study is a dynamic model for stream discharge and quality covering a 54-km stretch of the Bedford Ouse River in England. The model describes interactions among biochemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, ammonium N, nitrate N, and chlorophyll a concentrations at various points along the river; preliminary identification results are presented using daily time series data for the whole of 1974. The behavior of the river, which relates the effects of a major upstream discharger to a downstream abstractor, is dominated by the dynamics of algal population growth and mortality. In addition to the presentation of these results the paper sets out the technical, economic, and policy questions central to the practical feasibility and potential of operational water quality management. This includes questions in quantifying the stochastic, dynamic aspects of river basin management, the development of improved operating strategies, and the development of operational decision support systems.

Beck, M. B.; Finney, B. A.

1987-11-01

458

Integrating Total Quality Management (TQM) and hazardous waste management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 and its subsequent amendments have had a dramatic impact on hazardous waste management for business and industry. The complexity of this law and the penalties for noncompliance have made it one of the most challenging regulatory programs undertaken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The fundamentals of RCRA include ``cradle to

Kirk

1993-01-01

459

The Ten Most Powerful Principles for Quality in (Software and) Software Organizations for Dependable Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software knows it has a problem. Solutions abound, but which solutions work? What are the most fundamental underlying principles\\u000a we can observe in successful projects? This paper presents 10 powerful principles that are not widely taught or appreciated.\\u000a They are based on ideas of measurement, quantification and feedback. Our maturity level with respect to ‘numbers’ is known\\u000a to be poor.

Thomas Gilb

2000-01-01

460

Quality Time: Temporal and Other Aspects of Ethical Principles Based on a “Life Worth Living”  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evaluation of whether an animal has a life worth living (LWL) has been suggested as a useful concept for farm animal policymaking.\\u000a But there are a number of different ways in which the concept could be applied. This paper attempts to identify and evaluate\\u000a candidate ethical principles based on the concept. It suggests that an appropriate principle by which

James Yeates

461

On managing large scale projects: Some simple principles for developing complex systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rapidly changing technologies, increased competitive and environmental pressures, and more complex organizational missions have placed enormous challenges on today's software and hardware systems developers to produce their systems in a timely and cost effective manner. Regrettably, in our haste to respond to this challenge, we have tended to focus more on symptoms than causes. The results have generally been unsatisfying, producing a set of often complicated, impractical, and sometimes disappointing or even unsatisfactory development methods and tools. The nature of complexity is examined in the context of the hurdles faced by the developers of more sophisticated and higher performing computer-based systems. The pathological effects of complexity on system development are explored through a general model. With this discussion as a basis, we adduce a set of simple principles and offer examples of development methods from the aerospace and computer industries, which have proven highly effective in managing system development at the ``complexity frontier''.

Manzo, John

1987-08-01

462

Intra-articular depot formulation principles: role in the management of postoperative pain and arthritic disorders.  

PubMed

The joint cavity constitutes a discrete anatomical compartment that allows for local drug action after intra-articular injection. Drug delivery systems providing local prolonged drug action are warranted in the management of postoperative pain and not least arthritic disorders such as osteoarthritis. The present review surveys various themes related to the accomplishment of the correct timing of the events leading to optimal drug action in the joint space over a desired time period. This includes a brief account on (patho)physiological conditions and novel potential drug targets (and their location within the synovial space). Particular emphasis is paid to (i) the potential feasibility of various depot formulation principles for the intra-articular route of administration including their manufacture, drug release characteristics and in vivo fate, and (ii) how release, mass transfer and equilibrium processes may affect the intra-articular residence time and concentration of the active species at the ultimate receptor site. PMID:18306275

Larsen, Claus; Ostergaard, Jesper; Larsen, Susan W; Jensen, Henrik; Jacobsen, Stine; Lindegaard, Casper; Andersen, Pia H

2008-11-01

463

Principled leadership in public health: integrating ethics into practice and management.  

PubMed

Public health officials frequently face ethical tensions and conflicting obligations when making decisions and managing health departments. Leadership requires an ongoing approach to ethics that focuses on two dimensions of practice: the professional relationships of officials developed over time with their communities and the ethical aspects of day-to-day public health activities. Education and competencies in ethics may be helpful in practice, by providing, at a minimum, frameworks and ethical principles to help structure analysis, discussion, and decision making in health departments and with community stakeholders. Such a "practical ethics" approach in public health practice begins with a focus on public health values and an agency mission statement and integrates ethics throughout the organization by, for example, setting performance measures based on them. Using a case in emergency preparedness, this article describes ways in which ethical frameworks and the Code of Ethics can be used as tools for education and to integrate ethics into agency activities and programs. PMID:18552647

Bernheim, Ruth Gaare; Melnick, Alan

464

New indicator approaches for effective urban air quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of urban air quality at monitoring stations in developed countries have frequently involved the criteria gaseous\\u000a pollutants, particulates, hazardous air pollutants, perceived air quality and relevant meteorological conditions. Large numbers\\u000a of indicators have therefore been established to quantify emissions, concentrations and environmental and human health impacts\\u000a of each of these groups of substances. To simplify the data for management,

Peter J. Peterson; W. Peter Williams

1999-01-01

465

Correlation study among water quality parameters an approach to water quality management.  

PubMed

To find out an approach to water quality management through correlation studies between various water quality parameters, the statistical regression analysis for six data points of underground drinking water of different hand pumps at J. P. Nagar was carried out. The comparison of estimated values with W.H.O drinking water standards revealed that water of the study area is polluted with reference to a number of physico-chemical parameters studied. Regression analysis suggests that conductivity of underground water is found to be significantly correlated with eight out of twelve water quality parameters studied. It may be suggested that the underground drinking water quality at J. P. Nagar can be checked very effectively by controlling the conductivity of water. The present study may be treated one step forward towards the water quality management. PMID:21114164

Sinha, D K; Rastogi, G K; Kumar, R; Kumar, N

2009-04-01

466

An analysis of total quality management in Aeronautical Systems Division  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the major schools of thought on various aspects of quality management and quality improvement. Areas covered included definitions of waste and quality, views on the cost of quality, tools and techniques used for quality improvement, and management philosophies and frameworks for continuous improvement. In addition, this study analyzed the structure and training content of the current Total Quality Management program at Aeronautical Systems Division (ASD). Pre- and post-test surveys on employee attitudes toward organizational effectiveness were analyzed from the Advanced Cruise Missile System Program Office (SPO), the F-15 SPO, and the ASD Deputy Chief of Staff for Human Resources (ASD/DP). Data was supplemented with semi-structured, personal interviews with ASD personnel involved in TQM. Survey analysis showed that the ACM SPO significantly improved, ASD/DP significantly digressed, and the F-15 SPO remained basically consistent. This led to the conclusion that ASD allows too much flexibility in the implementation of TQM in the three-letter organizations.

Caudle, Mark D.

1991-09-01

467

Total Quality Management in Dry-Bulk Shipping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article we attempt a primary investigation of the total quality systems in shipping companies, as well as in ships. We investigate the vital points on which the total quality system can have a beneficial effect and redefine the way a shipping company functions with the purpose of increasing its competitiveness. The application of a quality system changes the way of relation management, either inside the company-interpersonal and intergroup relations- or outside the company-between company and customers or suppliers.

Alexopoulos, Aristotelis B.; Konstantopoulos, Nikolaos

2007-12-01

468

Quality management in BNCT at a nuclear research reactor.  

PubMed

Each medical intervention must be performed respecting Health Protection directives, with special attention to Quality Assurance (QA) and Quality Control (QC). This is the basis of safe and reliable treatments. BNCT must apply QA programs as required for performance and safety in (conventional) radiotherapy facilities, including regular testing of performance characteristics (QC). Furthermore, the well-established Quality Management (QM) system of the nuclear reactor used has to be followed. Organization of these complex QM procedures is offered by the international standard ISO 9001:2008. PMID:21459586

Sauerwein, Wolfgang; Moss, Raymond; Stecher-Rasmussen, Finn; Rassow, Jürgen; Wittig, Andrea

2011-03-21

469

Waste management Quality Assurance Implementing Management Plan (QAIMP). Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of the groundwater and surface-water quality monitoring activities to be performed during the 1993 calendar year at the Department of Energy Y- 12 Plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Figure 1). Monitoring activities will be performed in three hydrogeologic regimes: (1) the Bear Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (BCHR), (2) the Upper East Fork Poplar Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (UEFPCHR), and (3) the Chestnut Ridge Hydrogeologic Regime (CRHR). The BCHR and UEFPCHR are located within Bear Creek Valley (BCV) and the CRHR is located south of the Y-12 Plant on Chestnut Ridge (Figure 2).

Not Available

1992-06-01

470

Waste management Quality Assurance Implementing Management Plan (QAIMP)  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of the groundwater and surface-water quality monitoring activities to be performed during the 1993 calendar year at the Department of Energy Y- 12 Plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Figure 1). Monitoring activities will be performed in three hydrogeologic regimes: (1) the Bear Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (BCHR), (2) the Upper East Fork Poplar Creek Hydrogeologic Regime (UEFPCHR), and (3) the Chestnut Ridge Hydrogeologic Regime (CRHR). The BCHR and UEFPCHR are located within Bear Creek Valley (BCV) and the CRHR is located south of the Y-12 Plant on Chestnut Ridge (Figure 2).

Not Available

1992-06-01

471

Value of information for water quality management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is now much interest in comprehensive watershed-based approaches to water quality protection. While there is much to be said in favor of such an approach, it is also clear that implementation requires information that is often lacking. Given that information acquisition is costly, decisions are required about the types and amounts of information that should be sought. We examine the expected value of different types of information for price and quantity instruments for agricultural nitrogen pollution control in the Susquehanna River Basin. We also compare the ex ante economic efficiency of price and quantity instruments. The analysis explicitly accounts for public sector uncertainty about the benefits and costs of pollution reductions, with economic efficiency measured as the expected benefits less the expected costs of pollution reductions. We find optimized price controls to outperform optimized quantity controls under a range of possible information structures. For both instruments, information collection improves policy performance, with information about the benefits of pollution reductions having the greatest impact. The performance of the quantity instrument is more sensitive to information than is the price instrument. In consequence, the value of information to reduce benefit and cost uncertainty is greater for the quantity control.

Borisova, Tatiana; Shortle, James; Horan, Richard D.; Abler, David

2005-06-01

472

Proactive Management of Materials Degradation - A Review of Principles and Programs  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has undertaken a program to lay the technical foundation for defining proactive actions so that future degradation of materials in light water reactors (LWRs) is limited and, thereby, does not diminish either the integrity of important LWR components or the safety of operating plants. This technical letter report was prepared by staff at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the NRC Proactive Management of Materials Degradation (PMMD) program and relies heavily on work that was completed by Dr. Joseph Muscara and documented in NUREG/CR-6923. This report concisely explains the basic principles of PMMD and its relationship to prognostics, provides a review of programs related to PMMD being conducted worldwide, and provides an assessment of the technical gaps in PMMD and prognostics that need to be addressed. This technical letter report is timely because the majority of the U.S. reactor fleet is applying for license renewal, and many plants are also applying for increases in power rating. Both of these changes could increase the likelihood of materials degradation and underline, therefore, the interest in proactive management in the future.

Bond, Leonard J.; Doctor, Steven R.; Taylor, Theodore T.

2008-08-28

473

14 CFR Appendix E to Part 60 - Qualification Performance Standards for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training Devices...for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training Devices...receive Quality System training and brief...FSTD Quality Management System...

2011-01-01

474

14 CFR Appendix E to Part 60 - Qualification Performance Standards for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training Devices...for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training Devices...appropriate Quality System training and brief...Simulation Quality Management System...

2008-01-01

475

14 CFR Appendix E to Part 60 - Qualification Performance Standards for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training Devices...for Quality Management Systems for Flight Simulation Training Devices...receive Quality System training and brief...FSTD Quality Management System...

2012-01-01

476

Determinants of State Air-Quality Management: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1990s, greater effort will be devoted to state implementation of federal environmental policies. At the present time, however, we still do not know a great deal about the conditions that promote or inhibit state environmental management. The following study assesses the influence of four categories of factors on state air-quality enforcement in the 1980s. It suggests that federal

Emmett N. Lombard

1993-01-01

477

Quality management in hematology laboratory improved preanalytics variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical decisions based on laboratory test values are correctly made when a preanalytical stage is properly performed. In this study we demonstrated that introduction of quality management procedures to Hematology laboratory at Medical Center and Health Care Center have helped to solve problems in the preanalytic stage. Blood clotting is a highly complicated process, which begins during blood withdrawal from

Galit Sarig; Bilha Albersheim; Tamar Stam; Ruth Beck; Naomi Lanir

2003-01-01

478

Power quality load management for large spacecraft electrical power systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In December, 1986, a Center Director's Discretionary Fund (CDDF) proposal was granted to study power system control techniques in large space electrical power systems. Presented are the accomplishments in the area of power system control by power quality load management. In addition, information concerning the distortion problems in a 20 kHz ac power system is presented.

Lollar, Louis F.

1988-09-01

479

Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Waste Management Project (WMP) is committed to excellence in our work and to delivering quality products and services to our customers, protecting our employees and the public and to being good stewards of the environment. We will continually strive to understand customer requirements, perform services, and activities that meet or exceed customer expectations, and be cost-effective in our performance.

2000-01-01

480

Assessing quality management systems of Mexico’s maquiladoras  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assesses the quality management systems of the maquiladoras in the Tijuana region of Mexico. Maquiladoras are manufacturing plants set up by foreign companies in the border zone of North Mexico to produce finished goods for export. Information was gathered by survey from companies representing the Pacific Rim, Europe, the USA and Mexico, and from different manufacturing sectors. The survey addressed

Nael Aly; Daniel Schloss

2003-01-01

481

Total Quality Management in Vocational-Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to provide vocational educators with resources regarding implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM). Data were gathered through development of a bibliography of resources; a survey of all Oklahoma vocational-technical schools regarding specific industries in their area using TQM components (10 responses); and site…

Moore-Norman Vo-Tech Center, Norman, OK.

482

Total Quality Management. A Strategic Process for Force XXI.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seven and a half years after adopting the TQM philosophy, the Army only has a small portion of the organization participating in the TQM process. To meet the Army's current challenges and to enter the 21st century, Total Quality Management (TQM) can becom...

C. A. Briscoe

1996-01-01

483

Evaluating the Quality of Commercial ICC Color Management Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts and technology for an open color management system such as that specified by the International Color Consortium (ICC) have been around for a number of years. The adoption of this workflow by the graphic arts industry has been slow. A major contribution to the lack of popularity is that the quality and standards part of the ICC workflow

Abhay Sharma; Paul D Fleming

484

Quality Control in the Administration of Sport Management Internships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of an intern's learning experience is the joint responsibility of the academic internship coordinator, the administrator of the sport management program, and the agency supervisor. The purpose of this article is to identify the areas of administrative concern in the three major components of an internship: the institution granting…

Kelley, Dennie Ruth

2004-01-01

485

Total Quality Management (TQM): Training Module on "Statistical Process Control."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module for a 1-semester Total Quality Management (TQM) course for high school or community college students gives a brief introduction to some statistical tools. It includes a section on process variation that is intended to familiarize students with the causes of variation such as common and special causes. Statistical definitions are given…

Leigh, David

486

Total Quality Management Practices in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of total quality management (TQM) practices in primary schools based on teachers' perceptions, and how their perceptions are related to different variables. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, a survey based descriptive scanning model was used. This study was carried out in…

Toremen, Fatih; Karakus, Mehmet; Yasan, Tezcan

2009-01-01

487

Improving Mathematics and Science Performance through Total Quality Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the history and literature on Total Quality Management (TQM) in an educational setting, and examines results of a university study of its own TQM program. The study found both faculty and administrators dissatisfied with their TQM effort; although most felt that TQM could have positive effects, the perception was that little was being…

Thomas, Constance D.

1998-01-01

488

Total Quality Management Practices and Their Effects on Organizational Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports a study designed to examine the key concepts of Total Quality Management (TQM) implementation and their effects on organizational performance. Process Alignment and People Involvement are two key concepts for successful implementation of TQM. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how these two constructs affect…

Hung, Richard Yu-Yuan; Lien, Bella Ya-Hui

2004-01-01

489

Total Quality Management Continuous Improvement: Is the Philosophy a Reality?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responses from 72 Irish companies identified 51 using total quality management (TQM); second-survey responses from 28 of the latter showed that 57% of TQM initiatives were successful or very successful; most have a good understanding of comprehensive TQM and value long-term over short-term results. Benefits were experienced throughout…

Walsh, Aidan; Hughes, Helen; Maddox, Daniel P.

2002-01-01

490

Total Quality Management: Empirical, Conceptual, and Practical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Total quality management (TQM) has become a U.S. social movement. This commentary analyzes the writings of W. Edwards Deming, Joseph Juran, and Kaoru Ishikawa to assess TQM's coherence, distinctiveness, and likely perseverance. Rhetoric is winning over substance, unrelated interventions are being herded under the TQM banner, and research is not…

Hackman, J. Richard; Wageman, Ruth

1995-01-01

491

Total Quality Management Handbook: Applying the Baldrige Criteria to Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most administrators agree that school improvement and change are needed. Disagreement among administrators arises over how the improvements should be made. Total Quality Management (TQM) is a powerful tool in bringing about change and should be considered as an effective alternative in improvement efforts. The TQM approach is designed to address…

Neuroth, Joann; And Others

492

Implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) IV: Technical Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a general technical guide to the Total Quality Management/Methodology for Generating Efficiency and Effectiveness Measures (TQM/MGEEM) detailing information not found in the other three reports in this series. It discusses a system model of...

C. N. Weaver M. T. Upton S. Frank

1992-01-01

493

TQ What?: Applying Total Quality Management to Child Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the concept of Total Quality Management (TQM), developed by W. Edward Deming and Joseph Juran in 1940s, and its applications for child care centers. Discusses how TQM focuses on customer satisfaction, measuring performance, benchmarking, employee empowerment, and continuous training. Includes a list of suggested readings on TQM. (MDM)|

Hewes, Dorothy

1994-01-01

494

Total Quality Management (TQM): Training Module on "Empowerment/Teamwork."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module for a 1-semester Total Quality Management (TQM) course for high school or community college students covers the topics of empowerment and teamwork. It includes the following components: (1) a narrative summary of the topics; (2) a discussion of employee empowerment; (3) a discussion of teamwork and self-directed teams; (4) a…

Leigh, David

495

POSTER FOR NRMRL QUALITY MANAGEMENT PLAN (QMP) TRAINING COURSE  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL QMP Training Course Contact: Lauren Drees, NRMRL/STD (drees.lauren@epa.gov) NRMRL has developed a computer-based course to train personnel in the requirements of the NRMRL Quality Management Plan (QMP). This training course was developed using Trainersoft s...

496

ADVANCES OF GREY OPTIMIZATION IN WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uncertainty analysis plays a major role in a water quality management problem to establish a proper decision scheme, as most input parameters in any realistic system are inherently uncertain. Modeling of some uncertain parameter in the optimization model is not possible through conventional probabilistic or fuzzy approach, because of inadequacy of data to estimate probability distribution and lack of information

Subhankar Karmakar; P. P. Mujumdar

2009-01-01

497

Using Total Quality Management (TQM) to Enhance Weekend Student Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A team of administrators, faculty, and students used the Total Quality Management approach to enhance weekend student life at Winthrop University (South Carolina). The process used and resulting recommendations, some of which have been implemented, are presented. The project is seen as contributing to freshman retention. (MSE)

Ardaiolo, Frank P.

1994-01-01

498

OREGON ECOLOGICAL REGIONS AND SUBREGIONS FOR WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

To aid the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in producing a State Clean Water Strategy and in managing water resources, scientists working with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have defined an initial set of regions and subregions of the state with po...

499

The Impact of Pain Management on Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although its inclusion in medical research is relatively recent and its interpretation is often variable, quality of life is increasingly being recognized as one of the most important parameters to be measured in the evaluation of medical therapies, including those for pain management. Pain, when it is not effectively treated and relieved, has a detrimental effect on all aspects of

Nathaniel Katz

2002-01-01

500

Integrating Six Sigma Concepts in an MBA Quality Management Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instructors face enormous challenges in presenting effective instruction on concepts and tools of quality management. Most textbooks focus on presenting individual concepts or tools and fail to address complex issues confronted in real-world problem-solving situations. The supplementary use of cases does not help students to understand the…

Weinstein, Larry B.; Petrick, Joseph; Castellano, Joseph; Vokurka, Robert J.

2008-01-01