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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

[Quality of undergraduate, graduate and continuing medical education].  

PubMed

There are only a few studies exploring the quality of undergraduate, graduate and continuing medical education, and there is no systematic approach to evaluating the different spheres of competence--knowledge, medical skills and attitudes. Medical state examination results are not appropriate for assessing the quality of medical education. The implementation of statutory continuing medical education requires quality assurance of its contents, which so far has not been implemented. In the majority of hospitals there is a lack graduate medical education programmes. Future challenges that have to be addressed include important problem areas such as standardized evaluation, recruitment of qualified junior researchers, dealing with the Bologna process, teaching the teachers, quality assurance in continuing medical education and lifelong learning. Since a correlation must be assumed between poor knowledge of the quality of undergraduate, graduate and continuing medical education and the quality of this education itself, we need to close the gap of knowledge relating to the quality of medical education. PMID:19004362

Adler, Guido; von dem Knesebeck, Jost; Hänle, Mark Martin

2008-01-01

2

Undergraduate science education probed  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Do today's colleges and universities place too much emphasis on research performed by their faculty and not enough on the quality of undergraduate teaching? That was the question addressed at a March 31 hearing of the House Subcommittee on Science. Former University of Arkansas president Rep. Ray Thornton (D-Ark.), who chaired the hearing, remarked that “there is a nationwide perception that the balance is skewed toward research.” Many students and their parents, he said, have voiced dissatisfaction over undergraduate education.

Leath, Audrey T.

3

Teaching Information Quality in Information Systems Undergraduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Authors discuss and present an information quality framework from the literature on data and information quality. They identify important information quality competencies derived from the framework. Two recent Information Systems (IS) curriculum models are examined to determine the extent to which they include these competencies. The result is a documentation of the gap between the two IS curriculum models and

Omar E. M. Khalil; Diane M. Strong; Beverly K. Kahn; Leo L. Pipino

1999-01-01

4

Undergraduate Public Health Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The IOM's 2003 report Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? recommended that “…all undergraduates should have access to education in public health.” They justified their recommendations stating that “public health is an essential part of the training of citizens.” The IOM recommendations have catalyzed a movement linking undergraduate public health education with arts and sciences' Liberal Education and America's Promise

Richard K. Riegelman

2008-01-01

5

Change In Undergraduate Engineering Education  

NSF Publications Database

Title : Tip 940408 CHANGE IN UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING EDUCATION Type : News NSF Org: OD / LPA Date ... - 1070. NEW NSF REPORT HIGHLIGHTS SIGNIFICANT CHANGE IN UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING EDUCATION While ...

6

Undergraduate Medical Education in Substance Abuse: A Review of the Quality of the Literature  

PubMed Central

Purpose To prepare to develop a medical school curriculum on substance abuse disorders (SAD), the authors conducted a review of the quality of the sparse published literature. Method The authors searched MEDLINE (1950–December 2008), Web of Science, PsycINFO, and PubMed to identify all studies of SAD interventions targeted toward undergraduate medical students. Of the 1,084 studies identified initially, 31 reported sufficient data to allow the authors to evaluate quality using Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI) scores. The authors also determined the impact of the studies by considering three-year citation rate and journal impact factor. A detailed review of the literature provided data on contact hours and intervention content. Results The three-rater intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) for total MERSQI score was 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.70–0.90). The mean MERSQI score was 10.42 of a possible 18 (SD 2.59; range: 6.33–14.83). MERSQI scores were higher for more recently published studies and correlated with three-year citation rate but not impact factor. The mean contact time for 26 studies was 29.25 hours (range: 0.83–200 hours). Conclusions The literature provides a variety of educational methods to train medical students in SAD detection and intervention skills. This literature is of variable quality and provides limited guidance for development of curricula and medical education policy. Better methods of curriculum evaluation and publication guidelines would help ensure this literature has a positive impact on educational practice and public health.

Kothari, Devyani; Gourevitch, Marc N.; Lee, Joshua D.; Grossman, Ellie; Truncali, Andrea; Ark, Tavinder K.; Kalet, Adina L.

2011-01-01

7

Undergraduate and postgraduate education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education is a core activity of academic departments but pressure from universities to maximize research income and research productivity, and from hospitals to deliver a more efficient clinical service, has pushed the importance of education into third place in many departments. Academic departments of anaesthesia can make significant contributions to undergraduate teaching. Students appreciate the one-to-one teaching which they receive

Alan R. Aitkenhead

2002-01-01

8

Upgrading Undergraduate Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On many campuses throughout the country, undergraduate biology education is in serious need of an upgrade. During the past few decades, the body of biological knowledge has grown exponentially, and as a research endeavor, the practice of biology has evolved. Education research has also made great strides, revealing many new insights into how…

Musante, Susan

2011-01-01

9

GP tutor opinions on quality criteria generated for undergraduate education in primary care: a practice-based educational evaluation.  

PubMed

This study explores GP tutor views of a nationally derived list of quality criteria for undergraduate and postgraduate practice-based teaching. Whilst these published criteria provided a means of benchmarking locally, an evaluation of utility in practice required further exploration. This educational evaluation was conducted within a West Yorkshire locality as a means of supporting their practice-based primary care education. A survey approach using an online Likert scaled questionnaire was distributed to all GP tutors with an additional opportunity for free text qualitative comments. Data were analysed using an online reporting package for survey results (MarketSight) and thematic analysis of qualitative data. Key findings were that in general all the criteria were rated having a high level of importance with 83% of GPs claiming they would find such a list important in directing their learning and teaching approach. The opinions on out-of-hours experiences for medical students were also interesting as they differed greatly. These findings will be of interest to those involved in the organisation and delivery of medical education within primary care as the list of criteria could act as a structural guide for directing medical student teaching, learning and its quality assurance. Implications for further research include the utility of core criteria and the exploration of out-of-hours experience for medical student education. PMID:23676874

Kaur, Inderpreet; Lucas, Beverley

2013-05-01

10

Innovative Undergraduate Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains brief descriptions of 12 experimental and/or innovative undergraduate teacher education programs currently underway in the College of Education, Ohio State University. Programs are 1) Urban Teacher Education (14-credit-hour practicum); 2) English Education Inner-City Program (2-year practicum); 3) Industrial Arts Curriculum…

Alberty, Elsie J.

11

University Undergraduate Students' Information Seeking Behaviour: Implications for Quality in Higher Education in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of the study was to examine the information seeking behaviour of undergraduate students in the University of Botswana. Specifically, the study made effort to determine the sources consulted and the general pattern of information gathering system by the students: the impact of students' gender, level of study and course of study…

Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Tella, Adeyinka

2007-01-01

12

Dance Education for Undergraduate Physical Education Majors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey examined dance education for undergraduate physical education majors in programs nationwide, investigating dance forms taught, hours required, professional preparation, and instructional methods. Results indicated almost one-third did not offer dance education. Those which required it had a narrow range of dance forms and mandated very few…

Mehrhof, Joella H.; Ermler, Kathy

1992-01-01

13

Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This sharp looking website is for the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education (JUNE) which "publishes peer-reviewed reports of innovations in undergraduate neuroscience education...[and] serves as a mechanism for faculty to exchange information...such as laboratory exercises, new media, curricular considerations, and teaching methods." Visitors will find the "Supplementary Materials" tab near the top of any page to contain movies, lab instructions, papers, and images. Some of the movies include an adult and juvenile "Crayfish Brain Movie," "Larval Dissection Movie" of a drosophila mutant, and "Leg Prep and Spine Stimulation" of a cockroach. The "Previous Issues" tab gives visitors the opportunity to read issues published since 2002. Recent pieces featured in JUNE include "Integrating Community Outreach into the Undergraduate Neuroscience Classroom", "Design Plans for an Inexpensive Tail Flick Analgesia Meter", and "Unquenchable Neuroscience."

2012-01-06

14

Quality assurance in Australian universities: a study of quality assurance in undergraduate education at University of Culture in 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis investigated and described the application of quality assurance in an Australian university. The research explored the following questions: How is quality assurance understood at University of Culture (UOC)? How is quality assurance developed at UOC? What are the criteria for quality assurance at UOC, and How is quality assessed and evaluated at UOC? The research focused on how

Huai Nathan Jiang

2007-01-01

15

Assessing the quality of undergraduate education students' writing about learning and teaching science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A pilot study provided insight into difficulties experienced by 143 Yr. 2 B.Ed. students in Scotland, writing in a science education context. In studying writing, an 'academic literacies' approach was adopted, focusing on social aspects in addition to identifying flaws. In over 20% of assignments, tutors' assessments identified a need to structure or sequence content. In 15%, a lack of explanation and expansion of ideas was noted. Detailed examination, of a 15% sample of scripts, showed approximately half with errors in punctuation, sentence structure or word use, tending to obscure the intended meaning. A questionnaire, completed by 70% of the student cohort, indicated that the assessed task had been perceived as authentic. 25% of that sample reported finding writing about science more difficult than for other subjects. It is argued that development of writing about science is important for future teachers and must become a stronger part of an overall, inter-disciplinary, course approach.

Robertson, Isobel J.

2004-09-01

16

A Future for Undergraduate Physics Education?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

About two years ago, the Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Research Council created a Committee on Undergraduate Physics Education (UPE), with support from the National Science Foundation. The Committee was given the task to identify ``the goals and challenges facing undergraduate physics education,'' and ``how best practices for undergraduate physics education can be implemented on a widespread and sustained basis.'' The Committee was also asked to ``assess the status of physics education research (PER)'' and to ``discuss how PER can assist in accomplishing the goal of improving undergraduate physics education best practices and education policy.'' This presentation will report the Committee's findings and recommendations, the latter aimed at audiences ranging from individual physics faculty to departmental and university-wide leadership, and professional societies and funding agencies. The Committee's challenge was daunting. We are experiencing revolutionary changes in higher education, driven by new education technologies and demands for broader and deeper STEM education for more students in more fields. Only a relatively small fraction of undergraduates take physics courses. Nevertheless, half a million undergraduates enroll in at least one physics course in every academic year. PER has become a productive research field with the potential for major contributions to the improvement of undergraduate STEM education generally. Yet, in many---probably most--institutions UPE remains persistently traditional. We all have much to do!

Langenberg, Donald

2013-03-01

17

Undergraduate medical education in Germany  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to give international readers an overview of the organisation, structure and curriculum, together with important advances and problems, of undergraduate medical education in Germany. Interest in medical education in Germany has been relatively low but has gained momentum with the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" which came into effect in 2003. Medical education had required substantial reform, particularly with respect to improving the links between theoretical and clinical teaching and the extension of interdisciplinary and topic-related instruction. It takes six years and three months to complete the curriculum and training is divided into three sections: basic science (2 years), clinical science (3 years) and final clinical year. While the reorganisation of graduate medical education required by the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" has stimulated multiple excellent teaching projects, there is evidence that some of the stipulated changes have not been implemented. Indeed, whether the medical schools have complied with this regulation and its overall success remains to be assessed systematically. Mandatory external accreditation and periodic reaccreditation of medical faculties need to be established in Germany.

Chenot, Jean-Francois

2009-01-01

18

Transforming Undergraduate Education: Moving beyond Distinct Undergraduate Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores how building comprehensive, integrated links among the many programs that have each found a small place in college life over the last decade (for example, curriculum improvement, diversity, learning communities, and service learning) could lead to a powerful "big picture" of undergraduate education that moves beyond these individual…

Schoem, David

2002-01-01

19

Undergraduate education in psychology: United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until the last quarter of the 19th century, many colleges and universities in the USA did not have separate departments of psychology. Now, psychology undergraduate degrees are among the most popular and frequently awarded in US higher education. Undergraduate psychology programs appeal to students for many reasons, including self?understanding as well as their relatedness to other career paths of interest.

Charles L. Brewer

2006-01-01

20

Recommendations for Undergraduate Public Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide serves to assist faculty who are developing undergraduate courses in public health as well as educational administrators and faculty curriculum committees who are designing undergraduate public health curricula. The approach outlined in these recommendations focuses on the development of three core courses, each of which is…

Riegelman, Richard K.; Albertine, Susan

2008-01-01

21

Enhancing Engineering Education through Undergraduate Research Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering in the University of the Philippines, Diliman requires its undergraduate students to take a course where they will do an undergraduate research project. This paper presents the history of the course, the way the course is handled, and how the course can enhance engineering education. The objective of the course is for the

Joel Reyes Noche

2001-01-01

22

From Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience: Encouraging Innovation in Undergraduate Neuroscience Education by Supporting Student Research and Faculty Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features the organization Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience. FUN was established by a group of neuroscientists dedicated to innovation and excellence in undergraduate neuroscience education and research. In the years since its inception, FUN has grown into a dynamic organization making a significant impact on the quality of…

Hardwick, Jean C.; Kerchner, Michael; Lom, Barbara; Ramirez, Julio J.; Wiertelak, Eric P.

2006-01-01

23

Climate Change Education for Engineering Undergraduate Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The outreach and educational component of my NSF-CAREER grant focused on the development of a new undergraduate course on climate change for engineering undergraduate students and development of project-based course modules for middle and high-school students. Engineering students have minimal formal education on climate issues, but are increasingly finding themselves in positions where they have to participate and address climate change and mitigation issues. Towards this end, we developed a new three-credit course, entitled Global Climate Change: Science, Engineering, and Policy. With a focus on engineering students, this course was structured as a highly quantitative course, taught through an inquiry-based pedagogical approach. The students used a combination of historical climate data from ground-stations and satellites and model results of future climate conditions for different scenarios to ascertain for themselves the current extent of climate change and likely future impacts. Students also combined mitigation efforts, concentrated on geoengineering and alternate energy choices, with climate modeling to determine the immediacy of such efforts. The impacts of the course on the students were assessed with a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches that used pre-post climate literacy and engineering self-efficacy surveys as well as qualitative focus group discussions at the end of the course. I will discuss our undergraduate course development effort and the primary outcomes of the course. I will also briefly describe our k-12 outreach effort on the development of course modules for project-based learning related to air quality and atmospheric science topics.

Dhaniyala, S.; Powers, S.

2011-12-01

24

Integrating robotics research with undergraduate education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swarthmore College takes a two-pronged approach to undergraduate education by integrating educational goals with robotics research. First, it offers courses in artificial intelligence, computer vision and robotics. Both AI and computer vision serve as prerequisites for the robotics course. Second, it involves students in ongoing research projects as part of their undergraduate experience. To keep up with the wide-ranging, fast-moving

Bruce A. Maxwell; Lisa A. Meeden

2000-01-01

25

Rethinking Undergraduate Business Education: Liberal Learning for the Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business is the largest undergraduate major in the United States and still growing. This reality, along with the immense power of the business sector and its significance for national and global well-being, makes quality education critical not only for the students themselves but also for the public good. The Carnegie Foundation for the…

Colby, Anne; Ehrlich, Thomas; Sullivan, William M.; Dolle, Jonathan R.

2011-01-01

26

Fifty Years of Innovations in Undergraduate Education: Change and Stasis in the Pursuit of Quality. New Agenda Series[TM], Volume 1, Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph reports on innovative models and practices in American undergraduate education from the late 1940s through the late 1990s, focusing particularly on four areas: curriculum; teaching and learning; calendar and clock (time); and faculty development. The study encompassed an extensive review of the literature as well as a survey of…

Quehl, Gary H.; Bergquist, William H.; Subbiondo, Joseph L.

27

New Developments in Undergraduate Education in Public Health: Implications for Health Education and Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article provides an overview of efforts to improve public health and health education training and on the potential use of Critical Component Elements (CCEs) for undergraduate health education programs toward more consistent quality assurance across programs. Considered in the context of the Galway Consensus Conference, the authors discuss…

Barnes, Michael D.; Wykoff, Randy; King, Laura Rasar; Petersen, Donna J.

2012-01-01

28

Exploring Signature Pedagogies in Undergraduate Leadership Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research explores the instructional strategies most frequently used by leadership educators who teach academic credit-bearing undergraduate leadership studies courses through a national survey and identifies signature pedagogies within the leadership discipline. Findings from this study suggest that class discussion--whether in the form of…

Jenkins, Daniel M.

2012-01-01

29

Humanizing the Undergraduate Physical Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the undergraduate physical education curricula in Canadian universities revealed sparse offerings in the humanities when compared to the biophysical and social sciences. Recommendations are made to reorder the curriculum to provide better balance between the two areas. (Author/CB)

Ross, Saul

1987-01-01

30

Integrating sustainability into undergraduate computing education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past few years sustainability and green computing have received tremendous interest across the world. Computing plays a critical role in our society, thus it has a special responsibility for sustainability and green movement. In this paper, we advocate sustainability integration into undergraduate computing education. We present three sustainability integration strategies, our efforts to develop a green computing course

Yu Cai

2010-01-01

31

Embedding implants in undergraduate dental education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article represents the consensus from a meeting of the British Society of Prosthetic Dentistry's Education Group which met to discuss implant dentistry at the undergraduate dental student level. The consensus recognises the need to embed the teaching of implant supported prostheses if such a treatment modality is to be widely practised after graduation. This short article makes some recommendations

J. Ellis; C. D. Lynch; M. Thomason; R. McAndrew

2010-01-01

32

Humanizing the Undergraduate Physical Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of the undergraduate physical education curricula in Canadian universities revealed sparse offerings in the humanities when compared to the biophysical and social sciences. Recommendations are made to reorder the curriculum to provide better balance between the two areas. (Author/CB)|

Ross, Saul

1987-01-01

33

USGS Science Resources For Undergraduate Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides links to selected United States Geological Survey (USGS) educational resources that may be useful to undergraduate educators. Many of these resources can be used directly in the classroom, as preparation for lessons or demonstrations, or as resources for teacher education and curriculum development. The resources are also searchable by state or region with the use of an interactive map. Major topic areas include biology, geography, geology, and water resources. Resources (indicated by symbols) include complete teaching modules and web-based resources. Items that have costs beyond basic printing or on-line viewing costs are also indicated by a symbol.

34

Liberal Arts Colleges and Good Practices in Undergraduate Education: Additional Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Liberal arts colleges have prided themselves on providing students with a quality undergraduate education among a scholarly community who are interested in their holistic development. Past research has found students who attended liberal arts colleges more frequently experienced Chickering and Gamson's (1987, 1991) good practices in undergraduate

Seifert, Tricia A.; Pascarella, Ernest T.; Goodman, Kathleen M.; Salisbury, Mark H.; Blaich, Charles F.

2010-01-01

35

Evaluation of Undergraduate Teaching at Institutions of Higher Education in China: Problems and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews the achievements of the first cycle of undergraduate teaching evaluation at institutions of higher education in China. Existing problems are identified, and suggestions are made for corresponding reforms for improving the standard and quality of China's undergraduate teaching evaluation.|

Yukun, Chen

2009-01-01

36

Service Quality in Postgraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Measuring service quality in higher education is increasingly important for attracting and retaining tuition-based revenues. Nonetheless, whilst undergraduates have received substantial academic exposure, postgraduate-based research has been scant. Consequently, the objectives of this paper are threefold: first, to identify the service…

Angell, Robert J.; Heffernan, Troy W.; Megicks, Phil

2008-01-01

37

Service Quality in Postgraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Measuring service quality in higher education is increasingly important for attracting and retaining tuition-based revenues. Nonetheless, whilst undergraduates have received substantial academic exposure, postgraduate-based research has been scant. Consequently, the objectives of this paper are threefold: first, to identify the service…

Angell, Robert J.; Heffernan, Troy W.; Megicks, Phil

2008-01-01

38

Bullying in undergraduate clinical nursing education.  

PubMed

Although a limited number of studies have focused on bullying in nursing education to date, all of those studies demonstrate the existence of bullying in clinical settings, where nursing students undertake a significant amount of their nursing education. The purpose of this study was to examine the state of bullying in clinical nursing education among Canadian undergraduate nursing students (N = 674) in all 4 years of their nursing program. Results suggest that nursing students experience and witness bullying behaviors at various frequencies, most notably by clinical instructors and staff nurses. Third-year and fourth-year students experience more bullying behaviors than first-year and second-year students. Implications for practice include ensuring that clinical instructors are well prepared for their role as educators. Policies must be developed that address the issue of bullying within nursing programs and within health care facilities where nursing students undertake their clinical nursing education. PMID:22495922

Clarke, Colette M; Kane, Deborah J; Rajacich, Dale L; Lafreniere, Kathryn D

2012-04-09

39

The changing context of undergraduate medical education.  

PubMed Central

It has long been recognised that intensive efforts are needed to reform medical education in order to meet the future needs of populations worldwide. Pressure for changes to the organisation, content and delivery of both undergraduate and postgraduate medical education has greatly increased in the last two decades. The experience of innovative medical schools, the emergence of learner-centred teaching methods and the implications of health-care reforms in North America and Britain are major factors influencing calls for change. The pace of change has accelerated to such an extent in recent years that progress towards widespread reform appears to be more attainable than ever before. This article provides an overview of the changing context of health-care, some patterns of existing medical education and some strategies for change.

Parsell, G. J.; Bligh, J.

1995-01-01

40

Biomedical engineering undergraduate education in Latin America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As in other parts of the World, in recent times there has been an increasing interest on Biomedical Engineering (BME) in Latin America (LA). This interest grows from the need for a larger number of such specialists, originated in a spreading use of health technologies. Indeed, at many universities, biomedical engineering departments have been created, which also brought along discussions on strategies to achieve the best education possible for both undergraduate and graduate programs. In these settings, different positions were taken as regards which subject to emphasize. In such a context, this work aimed to make a survey on the "state-of-the-art" of undergraduate BME education in LA, and to analyze the observed differences. Broadly speaking, similar education profiles are perceived in the entire continent, with main emphasis on electronics and bioinstrumentation, biology and informatics respectively. Much less relevance is given to biomechanics and biomaterials. This tendency is similar in Departments with many decades of experience or in newly opened ones.

Allende, R.; Morales, D.; Avendano, G.; Chabert, S.

2007-11-01

41

Educating Young Educators: A Pedagogical Internship for Undergraduate Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although undergraduates have long held a role as teaching assistants for introductory science courses at liberal arts colleges and universities, educational institutions often do not provide these students with opportunities to explore science teaching and pedagogy. At Brandeis University, we designed an internship course to help increase the…

Romm, Iyah; Gordon-Messer, Susannah; Kosinski-Collins, Melissa

2010-01-01

42

Palliative care: a suitable setting for undergraduate interprofessional education.  

PubMed

Effective delivery of high-quality palliative care requires effective interprofessional teamworking by skilled health and social care professionals. Palliative care is therefore highly suitable for sowing the seeds of interprofessional teamworking in early professional education. This paper describes experiences of running undergraduate interprofessional workshops in palliative care for medical, nursing, social work, physiotherapy and occupational therapy students. These workshops are unusual in three respects: first, the involvement of family carers mean that these learning experiences are rooted in clinical reality; secondly, there is no attempt to 'tidy up' the story for the students; thirdly, unlike many undergraduate interprofessional programmes, these workshops have been sustained over several years. Evaluation of these workshops demonstrate that students value and enjoy the opportunity to work together; they find the experience moving, informative and interesting. Feedback from carers showed that they appreciated the opportunity to present their real-life experiences to students. Our evidence suggests that palliative care is a suitable subject for undergraduate interprofessional education. PMID:12403506

Wee, B; Hillier, R; Coles, C; Mountford, B; Sheldon, F; Turner, P

2001-11-01

43

Undergraduate and Graduate Preparation in Educational Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The advent of high stakes state testing in K-12 education and The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, with its focus on "scientifically-based research" (SBR), has opened new challenges for both undergraduate and graduate preparation programs in education. This address will report on how we are currently preparing our undergraduate and graduate…

Barcikowski, Robert S.

2004-01-01

44

Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handbook outlines an agenda for new undergraduate curricula in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology. The National Research Council held a series of symposia and forums of representatives from science, math, engineering, and technology educational and industrial communities that resulted in this book providing six vision statements and recommendations for how to improve SME&T education for all undergraduates.

Council, National R.

2007-09-18

45

Research on improvement strategies of elite culture, mass culture and the comprehensive quality of undergraduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article, placed the comprehensive quality improvement of undergraduates under the background of elite culture and mass culture, analyzed the influences and challenges brought by elite culture and mass culture on the undergraduate education from multiple perspectives of philosophy, ethics, economics, education, sociology and etc. and combing some foreign developed countries' experiences proposed the principles should be insisted by high schools in the context of elite culture and mass culture. With the development of times, undergraduate education should also constantly develop into new historical starting points and thoroughly reform the undergraduate education from content to essence, perception to format with a globalized horizon, so as to be able to reflect the time characteristics and better promote the overall development of undergraduates. Exactly based on such a view, this article, on the premise of full recognition that the flourishing and development of elite culture and mass culture has promoted China into a multicultural situation, proposed the principles for university moral education, such as education should promote the integration of undergraduate multi-values, sticking to the integration of unary guidance with diverse development, insisting on seeking common points while reserving differences and harmony but with differences, and etc.

Wang, Hongling

2011-10-01

46

Organization of the department of surgery to facilitate undergraduate education.  

PubMed

The chairman of the department of surgery is responsible for undergraduate education and should develop an organizational structure involving a director of undergraduate education for the every-day running of the undergraduate program and the determination of policies. This person should hold a relatively senior position and should have undergone specialist postgraduate training in educational methods and theory. The director should be supported by appropriate secretarial services and be compensated for this; the director should also sit on the faculty medical curriculum committee to close the circle of policy made at this committee with departmental policy. The departmental undergraduate education committee should include representatives from all hospitals involved in undergraduate education with representatives from the various systems. Some doubling up of representatives can occur. There should be a review process of both teaching methods and faculty teaching. The former will encourage change where appropriate and the latter award individuals for their contribution to the teaching process. PMID:4016609

Provan, J L

1985-07-01

47

Critical Thinking in Undergraduate Athletic Training Education  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purposes of this study were (a) to determine whether or not undergraduate athletic training educators are writing learning objectives that foster critical thinking (CT) skills, and (b) to determine if their written assignments and written examinations are measuring the extent to which students have developed CT skills. Design and Setting: Thirty institutions seeking accreditation for their athletic training programs from the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Educational Programs in the 1994-95 academic year were asked to provide their curriculum materials (course syllabus, two to three examinations, or both from each athletic training-specific course). Subjects: Thirteen curriculum directors (43%) provided materials. Measurements: Each learning objective, examination question, and written assignment was classified as either CT or non-critical thinking (NCT) using Bloom's taxonomy. Results: From 64 usable syllabi, a total of 678 learning objectives were classified as either CT (52%) or NCT (48%). From 81 written examinations, 3215 questions were classified as either CT (14%) or NCT (86%). In addition, a total of 143 written assignments were all classified as CT. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that educators fostered more CT in their learning objectives and written assignments than in their written exams. Valid educational instruments (eg, Bloom's taxonomy) may help educators design learning objectives, assignments, and examinations.

Fuller, Donald

1997-01-01

48

Effect of a Problem Based Simulation on the Conceptual Understanding of Undergraduate Science Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the effect of science teaching with a multimedia simulation on water quality, the "River of Life," on the science conceptual understanding of students (N = 83) in an undergraduate science education (K-9) course is reported. Teaching reality-based meaningful science is strongly recommended by the National Science Education Standards…

Kumar, David Devraj; Sherwood, Robert D.

2007-01-01

49

Effect of a Problem Based Simulation on the Conceptual Understanding of Undergraduate Science Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the effect of science teaching with a multimedia simulation on water quality, the "River of Life," on the science conceptual understanding of students (N = 83) in an undergraduate science education (K-9) course is reported. Teaching reality-based meaningful science is strongly recommended by the National Science Education Standards…

Kumar, David Devraj; Sherwood, Robert D.

2007-01-01

50

Undergraduate education majors' knowledge about suicide.  

PubMed

Undergraduate education majors' knowledge about suicide was evaluated to identify what training they may need about suicide prevention and to explore the hypothesis that individuals previously exposed to suicide in their social context may hold higher suicide-related knowledge than those without. 71 college students completed the 50-item Expanded Revised Facts on Suicide Quiz to examine their knowledge about suicide. While overall knowledge was low for general information and for specific items concerning suicide among youth and elderly persons, knowledge was high on several items important for suicide prevention work. Higher suicide-related knowledge was found for knowing a suicide attempter, providing partial support for the hypothesis that personal experience with suicidal people may correspond with greater knowledge about suicide. PMID:18065058

MacDonald, Michael G

2007-10-01

51

Higher Education Journals' Discourse about Adult Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1999-2000, 7.1 million adults age 24 or older constituted 43% of all undergraduates in U.S. institutions of higher education, compared to 5.73 million adult students enrolled a decade earlier (1989-1990). The growing proportion of adult undergraduates has become a significant source of enrollment and income for numerous institutions for which…

Donaldson, Joe F.; Townsend, Barbara K.

2007-01-01

52

Liberal Learning as Freedom: A Capabilities Approach to Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, I employ the pioneering works of Nussbaum, Sen, Saito, and Walker, in conjunction with the U.S. tradition of academic freedom, to outline a capability-centered vision of undergraduate education. Pace Nussbaum and Walker, I propose a short list of learning capabilities to which every undergraduate student should be entitled. This…

Garnett, Robert F., Jr.

2009-01-01

53

Higher Education Journals' Discourse about Adult Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999-2000, 7.1 million adults age 24 or older constituted 43% of all undergraduates in U.S. institutions of higher education, compared to 5.73 million adult students enrolled a decade earlier (1989-1990). The growing proportion of adult undergraduates has become a significant source of enrollment and income for numerous institutions for which…

Donaldson, Joe F.; Townsend, Barbara K.

2007-01-01

54

An Assessment of Undergraduate Business Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The emerging status of undergraduate business education in the United States was studied through a 1978 survey of deans of American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) accredited undergraduate business programs, personnel executives from the largest U.S. corporations, and directors of AACSB accredited master of business…

Hunger, J. David; Wheelen, Thomas L.

55

Effect of a Problem Based Simulation on the Conceptual Understanding of Undergraduate Science Education Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the effect of science teaching with a multimedia simulation on water quality, the “River of Life,” on the science\\u000a conceptual understanding of students (N = 83) in an undergraduate science education (K-9) course is reported. Teaching reality-based meaningful science is strongly\\u000a recommended by the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996). Water quality provides an information-rich context for

David Devraj Kumar; Robert D. Sherwood

2007-01-01

56

Funding Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: CCLI Yesterday and Today  

PubMed Central

For over 20 years, the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) has been supporting undergraduate curricula in the sciences, including neuroscience. NSF’s priorities in undergraduate education, however, have evolved during that period, and the competition for grants has increased. This history and overview of the current Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement program (CCLI) illustrates the changing philosophy of DUE with regard to its curricular programs. It is hoped that understanding the current emphasis on assessing the outcomes of curricular changes and disseminating their results will help interested science faculty write better proposals and compete more effectively for funds.

Pruitt, Nancy L.; Small, Jeanne R.; Woodin, Terry

2006-01-01

57

Undergraduate medical education towards health for all: progress, pitfalls, perspectives.  

PubMed

I discuss aspects of undergraduate medical education related to primary health care and analyse innovative programmes, with emphasis on problem-based methods and community-based education. Assessing the impact of these programmes shows problem-based learning is an interesting didactic exercise but not a necessary or sufficient condition for the adequacy of programmes to the Health for All (HFA) policy. Community-based education is pressed by several obstacles inside and outside educational institutions that put at risk its effectiveness as a real agent of change. Amongst these obstacles are political difficulties in building linkages amongst teaching institutions, services, and community; logistical problems in facilitating faculty and student work in the community; reactions from faculties; poor research opportunities in primary health care; pressures for more socially, professionally, and economically rewarding careers; biases in training the present generation of teachers; attempts to fulfill the social, behavioral, epidemiological, and preventive knowledge requirements for medical education by adding to an already overloaded information base; and shortage of relevant and significant sources of information for the medical students. Building corporations representing 'innovative' programmes, on one side, and 'conservative', 'traditional' ones, on the other, is not helpful and probably false. Each programme should be assessed in its strength and weaknesses in the light of political decisions committed to change in unequal, poor-quality health systems. PMID:10118439

Carvalho, A C

1992-03-01

58

Social Networking in Physical Education: Undergraduate Students' Views on Ning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It was the aim of this study to investigate physical education undergraduate students' views on the use of social networking, one of the most typical representations of Web 2.0 technologies. In order to do so, the researcher, who was the instructor of the class, entitled "Fair Play Education in Sport", introduced Ning and its educational aspects…

Sezen Balcikanli, Gulfem

2012-01-01

59

Quality assurance of medical education: a case study from Switzerland  

PubMed Central

In the light of ongoing changes and challenges in the European health systems which also have significant implications for undergraduate medical education, the present paper describes the accreditation of medical education programmes in Switzerland focussing on undergraduate medical education. A summary of the methodology used is provided and first experiences as well as future perspectives are discussed in the light of the aim to achieve continuous quality assurance and improvement in medical education.

Schirlo, Christian; Heusser, Rolf

2010-01-01

60

Exploring Race Differences in Correlates of Seniors’ Satisfaction with Undergraduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employed multiple linear regression and decision tree analysis to examine the correlates of overall satisfaction with undergraduate education for white, Asian American, Latino and African American seniors enrolled at 17 doctoral\\/research universities. Satisfaction with the overall quality of instruction and social involvement were the strongest predictors of overall satisfaction for all seniors. The predictive importance of other measures

Marne K. Einarson; Michael W. Matier

2005-01-01

61

How Undergraduate Physics Departments View Career Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly half the students graduating with a bachelors degree in physics go directly into today's rapidly changing work place. Physics departments with strong undergraduate programs recognize the importance of providing students with the skills they need to get good jobs when they graduate. As part of the Strategic Programs for Innovations in Undergraduate Physics (SPIN-UP) project funded by the ExxonMobil Foundation, the National Task Force on Undergraduate Physics has visited a number of departments with thriving undergraduate programs. We have found that many of these departments have innovative and successful strategies for providing students with career-building skills and information about employment opportunities for bachelors graduates in physics. This training is frequently built into departmental curriculum. This talk reports on some preliminary findings of SPIN-UP.

Howes, Ruth

2002-03-01

62

A New Look At Undergraduate Entrepreneurship Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Entrepreneurship curricula have matured to the point of providing a sound conceptual framework to would-be entrepreneurs. However, undergraduate students typically lack the experience necessary to understand the implications of what they have learned, especially regarding post start-up issues. Similarly, many small-business owners are not prepared to deal with the problems they encounter. This paper proposes an addition to the undergraduate

Anne McCarthy; Pamela J. Morris; Joan Winn

1997-01-01

63

Preceptorship in undergraduate nursing education: an integrative review.  

PubMed

The traditional clinical component of undergraduate nursing education has been reputed to inadequately prepare students for professional nursing. Preceptorship programs have become prevalent in nursing education as an alternative clinical teaching method, yet few empirical studies have been performed to support its benefits or advantages over the traditional clinical experience. Sixteen research studies examining measurable changes in students as a result of preceptorship were reviewed. Overall, 56% of the studies reviewed supported the use of preceptored clinical experiences in undergraduate nursing education, whereas the remaining 44% found no significant differences in students after a preceptorship experience. Specifically, preceptorship failed to demonstrate significant benefits over traditional clinicals in the areas of critical thinking, clinical competence, and NCLEX-RN pass rates. Further empirical studies are warranted to elucidate the role of preceptorship in undergraduate nursing education. PMID:18232611

Udlis, Kimberly A

2008-01-01

64

Gender differences in accounting education: an undergraduate exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is increasing evidence that females are outperforming males in secondary education across a range of subjects. The data in higher education, however, is not so clear-cut. Several studies have been undertaken examining the impact of gender on undergraduate accounting performance, ranging from early year performance to that of later years, with conflicting results. Some of the literature suggests that

Elizabeth Gammie; Brenda Paver; Bob Gammie; Fiona Duncan

2003-01-01

65

Improving Undergraduate Education with Value-Added Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of value-added assessment to improve undergraduate education at Rhode Island College is described, with attention to how the process evolved, problems encountered, and future plans. Value-added assessment is used in the development of student educational plans, curriculum evaluation and revision, and assessment of the interaction of work…

Enteman, Willard F.; Jackson, Pamela Irving

66

Donor Characteristics of College of Education Alumni: Examining Undergraduate Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined alumni giving as related to undergraduate involvement, student housing, academic success, and satisfaction with the education received. Two hundred alumni donors from Southern Illinois University at Carbondale's College of Education were surveyed, with a 70% response rate. The study found that alumni donors had not been as…

Miller, Michael T.; Casebeer, Arthur L.

67

Greek Undergraduate Physical Education Students' Basic Computer Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purposes of this study were to determine how undergraduate physical education (PE) students feel about their level of competence concerning basic computer skills and to examine possible differences between groups (gender, specialization, high school graduation type, and high school direction). Although many students and educators believe…

Adamakis, Manolis; Zounhia, Katerina

2013-01-01

68

Undergraduate research and co-op education: a winning combination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Department of the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez (UPRM) in collaboration with renowned engineering companies has developed and implemented an educational model joining traditional co-op education and undergraduate research experience. The model has evolved into a well-rounded learning program with important benefits for all parties involved: students, academia, and employers. This paper describes

Manuel Jimenez; Rogelio Palomera; Manuel Toledo

2002-01-01

69

Council on Undergraduate Research: A Resource (and a Community) for Science Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) is a professional organization dedicated to strengthening science and undergraduate science education. Central to the activities and programs sponsored by CUR is the recognition that the investigative process, especially undergraduate student research, plays a key role in an undergraduate science education. Publications, conferences, and other activities of CUR have facilitated the establishment and maintenance

Judith A. Halstead

1997-01-01

70

The Unsettled Meaning of Undergraduate Education in a Competitive Higher Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access to undergraduate education has expanded rapidly in recent years. This is one manifestation of a rise in the relative importance of market-based resource allocation in higher education and a weakening of allocation based upon traditional views of merit. This change in priority has influenced the content of the undergraduate curriculum and…

Marks, Denton

2007-01-01

71

Bioinformatics in Undergraduate Education: Practical Examples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bioinformatics has emerged as an important research tool in recent years. The ability to mine large databases for relevant information has become increasingly central to many different aspects of biochemistry and molecular biology. It is important that undergraduates be introduced to the available information and methodologies. We present a…

Boyle, John A.

2004-01-01

72

The Impending Revolution in Undergraduate Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is substantial evidence that scientific teaching in the sciences, i.e. teaching that employs instructional strategies that encourage undergraduates to become actively engaged in their own learning, can produce levels of understanding, retention and transfer of knowledge that are greater than those resulting from traditional lecture/lab…

DeHaan, Robert L.

2005-01-01

73

Bioinformatics in Undergraduate Education: Practical Examples  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Bioinformatics has emerged as an important research tool in recent years. The ability to mine large databases for relevant information has become increasingly central to many different aspects of biochemistry and molecular biology. It is important that undergraduates be introduced to the available information and methodologies. We present a…

Boyle, John A.

2004-01-01

74

Design and use of an MITR-II beam port facility for undergraduate education  

SciTech Connect

This summary describes the design and use of a one-axis flight-time neutron spectrometer that has been installed on one of the beam ports of the 5-MW(t) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor (MITR). The objective of this facility is to further undergraduate education by making a quality experimental facility available for student use. This spectrometer, which has now been in use for two years, has received excellent evaluations from the more than 100 undergraduates who have made measurements with it.

Kwok, K.S.; Fecych, W.; Shull, C.G.; Bernard, J.A.

1985-01-01

75

In Search of Critical Thinking in Undergraduate Education: A Case Study of a Midwestern University's Center for Teaching Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicated that students often graduate from colleges and universities without encountering critical thinking skills in undergraduate coursework. The first national report raising concerns over the declining quality of education stemmed from the National Commission on Excellence in Education (1983), and findings based on disappointing test…

Thaxton, Lourene Pike

2009-01-01

76

Factors influencing the undergraduate general education science curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of scientific literacy in the United States has been the focus of increasing concern in recent decades. A great deal of the blame for failing to produce citizens with a broad perspective in science has been placed on the undergraduate general education science curriculum. This was a national study designed to examine the factors that influence instructors' decision-making

John Daniel McWilliams

2002-01-01

77

Cheating Behaviours, the Internet and Education Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes an illuminative small-scale study that piloted an initial survey instrument intended to investigate correspondences between 47 undergraduate Education final year students' use of information and communications technology (ICT), including the Internet, and--within the context of their adoption of tactics intended to impress…

Trushell, J.; Byrne, K.; Simpson, R.

2012-01-01

78

Transforming Undergraduate Education: Theory That Compels and Practices That Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For those ready to participate in making transformative changes, "Transforming Undergraduate Education" provides evidence and case studies that suggest how steps can be taken and progress made. For those who are currently leading their campuses through a change in culture, this book offers support and encouragement. And for those who are…

Harward, Donald W., Ed.

2011-01-01

79

Undergraduate Professional Education in Chemistry: Guidelines and Evaluation Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides guidelines and evaluation procedures for undergraduate professional education in chemistry. Contents include: (1) "Scope and Organization of the Chemistry Program"; (2) "Financial Support"; (3) "Curriculum Requirements"; (4) "Commentary on Curriculum Requirements"; (5) "Faculty, Staff, and Facilities Requirements"; (6)…

American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

80

[Educating Speech Graduates and Undergraduates for Careers Other Than Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The theme of this issue of "The ACA Bulletin" is the education of speech undergraduates and graduates for careers other than teaching. Included in this issue are such articles as "Employment of Speach Communication Graduates: A Rewiew of Problems and Prospects" by Robert Hall; "Employer Images of Speech Communication Majors: A Question of…

Hall, Robert N., Ed.

1976-01-01

81

An International Survey of Undergraduate Medical Education in Palliative Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 9-item mail survey dealing with availability and characteristics of undergraduate medical education programs in palliative medicine was sent to all medical schools in Canada (16) and the United Kingdom (UK) (30), and 129 randomly selected medical schools in the United States (US) and Western Europe. The overall response rate was 117\\/175 (67%). The highest percentage of mandatory (required by

Doreen Oneschuk; John Hanson; Eduardo Bruera

2000-01-01

82

BIO2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education for Future Research Biologists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report discusses incorporating more math, physics, chemistry, engineering and computer science into classes and laboratory work and emphasizing independent research will help undergraduate education reflect real-world science. Schools, professional societies and funding agencies should develop new teaching materials and facilitate faculty…

National Academies Press, 2003

2003-01-01

83

Renewing Undergraduate Education: Recommendations from the Irvine Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that debate about the need for renewal in undergraduate education should take a back seat to implementation of requisite changes. Evaluation of the renewal process should include obstacles to reform, especially ideological disagreements, time budgets, and reward structures. Five initiatives are proposed to advance the goal of…

Irvine Group, Vista, CA.

84

A Future for Undergraduate Education in UK Business Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anyone interested in the future or current state of undergraduate education would gain something from picking up a slim-volumed and rather dull-looking book entitled "Scholarship reconsidered: Priorities of the professoriate" by American academic, Ernest Boyer. In a matter of only 81 pages, Boyer delivers a critically damning assessment of the…

Goatman, Anna; Medway, Dominic

2011-01-01

85

Undergraduate Education: An Essential Rung on the Rehabilitation Career Ladder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the historical pertinence of undergraduate education to developing a career ladder within the field of vocational rehabilitation. Support for the relevance is presented through the results of an investigation of baccalaureate-level competence and preparation as perceived by graduates of rehabilitation services programs. Job…

Evenson, Tom; Holloway, Linda

2007-01-01

86

Learning Posts: A Pedagogical Experiment with Undergraduate Music Education Majors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the effects of a year-long reflective writing assignment--weekly Learning Posts--designed for students in an undergraduate music education course. I created this assignment to cause students to regularly interrogate the teaching and learning they experience in their own daily lives. This study's research question emerged…

Countryman, June

2012-01-01

87

Reflections on Nation: American Undergraduates and Education Abroad  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study abroad is increasingly a key component of U.S. universities' efforts to both create and solidify their commitments to international education. This article specifically examines how American undergraduates negotiate their national identity in the context of studying abroad. Although universities often promote study abroad through paradigms…

Dolby, Nadine

2007-01-01

88

On Quality in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss some key aspects of quality in education in the light of over 30 years practical experience of doing quality assurance (QA). Design/methodology/approach: Reflection on three concepts, which are still the subject of debate, namely: "quality"; "total quality management (TQM)"; and "autonomy".…

Doherty, Geoffrey D.

2008-01-01

89

Discipline-Based Education Research: Understanding and Improving Learning in Undergraduate Science and Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Science Foundation funded a synthesis study on the status, contributions, and future direction of discipline-based education research (DBER) in physics, biological sciences, geosciences, and chemistry. DBER combines knowledge of teaching and learning with deep knowledge of discipline-specific science content. It describes the discipline-specific difficulties learners face and the specialized intellectual and instructional resources that can facilitate student understanding. Discipline-Based Education Research is based on a 30-month study built on two workshops held in 2008 to explore evidence on promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This book asks questions that are essential to advancing DBER and broadening its impact on undergraduate science teaching and learning. The book provides empirical research on undergraduate teaching and learning in the sciences, explores the extent to which this research currently influences undergraduate instruction, and identifies the intellectual and material resources required to further develop DBER. Discipline-Based Education Research provides guidance for future DBER research. In addition, the findings and recommendations of this report may invite, if not assist, post-secondary institutions to increase interest and research activity in DBER and improve its quality and usefulness across all natural science disciples, as well as guide instruction and assessment across natural science courses to improve student learning. The book brings greater focus to issues of student attrition in the natural sciences that are related to the quality of instruction. Discipline-Based Education Research will be of interest to educators, policy makers, researchers, scholars, decision makers in universities, government agencies, curriculum developers, research sponsors, and education advocacy groups.

Council, National R.

2012-05-23

90

Status of Undergraduate Education in Range Science in the USA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the results of a questionnaire sent to 28 universities and colleges with range science programs in the western 17 states. Information requested pertained to job placement, undergraduate student numbers, course requirements, program goals, and obstacles to undergraduate education in range science. Most range science programs have low student numbers with fewer than 10 graduates per year. The data suggested that low numbers are caused by poor student awareness of rangelands, a misconception that range science is simply another agriculture production major, and competing curricula in natural resource sciences and other areas.

Schacht, Walter

91

Integration of scientific research training into undergraduate medical education: a reminder call.  

PubMed

There is an increasingly growing trend towards integrating scientific research training into undergraduate medical education. The importance and compulsoriness of this trend has been greatly highlighted at the Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University. Despite the importance and benefits of undergraduate research, attempts of medical schools to encourage undergraduates to take part in formal research training during undergraduate medical education remain unsatisfactory. This article serves as a 'reminder call' highlighting the requisite to integrate scientific research training into undergraduate medical curricula. PMID:24149135

Abu-Zaid, Ahmed; Alkattan, Khaled

2013-10-21

92

Integration of scientific research training into undergraduate medical education: a reminder call  

PubMed Central

There is an increasingly growing trend towards integrating scientific research training into undergraduate medical education. The importance and compulsoriness of this trend has been greatly highlighted at the Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University. Despite the importance and benefits of undergraduate research, attempts of medical schools to encourage undergraduates to take part in formal research training during undergraduate medical education remain unsatisfactory. This article serves as a ‘reminder call’ highlighting the requisite to integrate scientific research training into undergraduate medical curricula.

Abu-Zaid, Ahmed; Alkattan, Khaled

2013-01-01

93

Toward Quality ESL Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article draws on the results from 18 round-table discussions and a symposium that involved community, education, and government stakeholders in building a vision for quality, equitable ESL education. The findings suggest six pillars of effective ESL education: comprehensive programming; responsive funding allocation; cultural competence;…

Van Ngo, Hieu

2007-01-01

94

Design and use of an MITR-II beam port facility for undergraduate education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This summary describes the design and use of a one-axis flight-time neutron spectrometer that has been installed on one of the beam ports of the 5-MW(t) Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Reactor (MITR). The objective of this facility is to further undergraduate education by making a quality experimental facility available for student use. This spectrometer, which has now been in

K. S. Kwok; W. Fecych; C. G. Shull; J. A. Bernard

1985-01-01

95

Undergraduate Education in British Columbia: Choices for the Future. Summary of Discussion Paper and Discussion Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion paper explores issues facing undergraduate education in British Columbia as community colleges there achieve degree-granting status and the needs of students become increasingly diverse. The paper opens by considering the undergraduate student and examining the goals of undergraduate education. The central three chapters discuss…

Bauslaugh, Gary

96

Undergraduate nursing education in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing education in the United States began in the 1870s with hospital training schools modeled after the Nightingale plan. Presently there are three educational paths that students may take to become a registered nurse (RN). These are the baccalaureate degree (BS), the associate degree (AD) and the diploma. Accelerated nursing programs are also available for people who have a baccalaureate

Susan A. LaRocco

2010-01-01

97

Integrating Robotics Research with Undergraduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of robotics moves so quickly and encompasses such a wide range of disciplines and applications that education in robotics must be adapti ve and incorporate a multidisciplinary approach. The key is to provide an education in the fundamentals--as best we can define them-- while maintaining strong connections to current research results. T o build these connections we are

Bruce A. Maxwell; Lisa Meeden

2000-01-01

98

Teaching for Multiple Intelligences in Undergraduate Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multiple intelligences theory has only recently entered the teaching and learning dialogue in education and research. It is argued that despite the rhetoric of a student centred approach, nurse education remains wedded to conventional teaching approaches, which fail to engage with the individual and unwittingly silence the student's voice. This study examines the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI) and outlines Gardner's contention that the brain functions using eight intelligences, which can be employed to improve learning at an individual level.

Denny, Margaret

99

Linking Undergraduate Geoscience and Education Departments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many colleges and universities students who have declared a major in one of the geosciences are often ineligible to take the education courses necessary for state certification. In order to enroll in education courses to meet the state's Department of Education course requirements for a teaching credential, these students must drop their geoscience major and declare an education major. Students in education programs in these universities may be limited in the science classes they take as part of their degree requirements. These students face the same problem as students who have declared a science major in that course work is not open to them. As a result, universities too often produce science majors with a weak pedagogy background or education majors with a weak Earth and space sciences background. The American Geophysical Union (AGU) formed a collaboration of four universities with strong, yet separate science and education departments, to provide the venue for a one week NSF sponsored retreat to allow the communication necessary for solutions to these problems to be worked out by faculty members. Each university was represented by a geoscience department faculty member, an education department faculty member, and a K-12 master teacher selected by the two faculty members. This retreat was followed by a second retreat that focused on community colleges in the Southwest United States. Change is never easy and Linkages has shown that success for a project of this nature requires the dedication of not only the faculty involved in the project, but colleagues in their respective schools as well as the administration when departmental cultural obstacles must be overcome. This paper will discuss some of the preliminary work accomplished by the schools involved in the project.

Ireton, F. W.; McManus, D. A.

2001-05-01

100

Ocean Instruments Web Site for Undergraduate, Secondary and Informal Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Ocean Instruments web site has been developed that makes available information about ocean sampling and measurement instruments and platforms. The site features text, pictures, diagrams and background information written or edited by experts in ocean science and engineering and contains links to glossaries and multimedia technologies including video streaming, audio packages, and searchable databases. The site was developed after advisory meetings with selected professors teaching undergraduate classes who responded to the question, what could Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution supply to enhance undergraduate education in ocean sciences, life sciences, and geosciences? Prototypes were developed and tested with students, potential users, and potential contributors. The site is hosted by WHOI. The initial five instruments featured were provided by four WHOI scientists and engineers and by one Sea Education Association faculty member. The site is now open to contributions from scientists and engineers worldwide. The site will not advertise or promote the use of individual ocean instruments.

Farrington, J. W.; Nevala, A.; Dolby, L. A.

2004-12-01

101

Benefits and pitfalls of scientific research during undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Objective: The integration of scientific research into medical education is a widely discussed topic. Most research training programs are offered on a voluntary basis. In Germany, it is mandatory to complete a doctoral thesis to obtain the academic title “doctor”. The reasons why students start a dissertation project and the influence of this project on their undergraduate studies and later career choices are not well known. Method: This study was conducted at five German universities in 2003, with a total of 437 fifth-year students participating in it. A standardised questionnaire was used to ask participants about their current or finished dissertation (group A), a dissertation they had discontinued (group B) or why they had never started a dissertation project (group C). Results: The two most important reasons for students from group A to start a dissertation were “interest in the topic” and “advantage for job applications”. Compared with group B, they mentioned “improved ability to critically appraise scientific studies” and “doing scientific work independently” significantly more often as a result of working on their dissertation. Starting a dissertation project early during undergraduate studies was correlated with a less successful outcome. Moreover, working on a dissertation significantly reduced time spent on undergraduate studies. Students from group C named the "workload of undergraduate studies" and “no time” most frequently as reasons for not having started a dissertation. Conclusion: Students who have been working successfully on a dissertation rate items regarding the acquisition of scientific research skills significantly more positively, and participation in undergraduate studies seems to be negatively affected by working on a dissertation project. Therefore, basic training in scientific research methodology should become an integrated part of the medical undergraduate curriculum, while special programs should be offered for students with a particular interest in scientific research programs or an academic career.

Kuhnigk, Olaf; Bothern, Aenne M.; Reimer, Jens; Schafer, Ingo; Biegler, Astrid; Jueptner, Markus; Gelderblom, Mathias; Harendza, Sigrid

2010-01-01

102

Aircraft Conceptual Design Sizing Method for Undergraduate Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses an aircraft conceptual design sizing method that is lectured during university undergraduate education. A new two step sizing method is proposed here both by improving sizing methods currently used and by incorporating a spreadsheet method. This new method enables students to design an aircraft by understanding how the main design parameters such as a maximum take-off weight affect the design results.

Rinoie, Kenichi; Tsumuraya, Yu

103

Towards improving the integration of undergraduate biology and mathematics education.  

PubMed

Arguments have recently asserted the need for change in undergraduate biology education, particularly with regard to the role of mathematics. The crux of these protests is that rapidly developing technology is expanding the types of measurements and subsequent data available to biologists. Thus future generations of biologists will require a set of quantitative and analytic skills that will allow them to handle these types of data in order to tackle relevant questions of interest. In this spirit, we describe here strategies (or lessons learned) for undergraduate educators with regard to better preparing undergraduate biology majors for the new types of challenges that lay ahead. The topics covered here span a broad range, from classroom approaches to the administrative level (e.g., fostering inter-departmental communication, student advising) and beyond. A key theme here is the need for an attitude shift with regard to mathematics education by both students and faculty alike. Such a shift will facilitate the development and implementation of new teaching strategies with regard to improving integration of mathematics and biology pedagogy. PMID:23653694

Bergevin, Christopher

2010-05-20

104

Declining Undergraduate Student Performance in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Factors contributing to declining academic performance of college students are considered, including: increased government intervention in education, declining faculty expectations and lowered standards, administrative policies, and changing student attitudes and expectations. One view is that government is largely responsible for the…

Spinelli, Teri

105

Educating and Training Undergraduate Applied Statisticians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A course on Applied Statistics, offered since 1978 at the Instituto de Matematica e Estatistica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brasil, is designed to educate statisticians at the bachelor's level for jobs in government statistical offices, industry, and business. (Author/LMO)|

Peres, Clovis A.; And Others

1985-01-01

106

Quality in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1989, the president of Lamar Community College (LCC) in Colorado, together with 14 classified, faculty, and administrative staff, attended a workshop on educational quality at Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC) in an effort to begin implementing a Total Quality Management process at LCC. Following the workshop, attendees from LCC organized the…

Lane, Marvin E.

107

A review of undergraduate interprofessional simulation-based education (IPSE).  

PubMed

Interprofessional simulation-based education (IPSE) is becoming an increasingly popular educational strategy worldwide within undergraduate healthcare curricular. The purpose of the literature review was to examine qualitative, quantitative and mixed/multi-method research studies featuring undergraduate IPSE. A literature review was conducted using CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases from January 1999 to September 2011 and pre-set criteria. The criteria used to screen all 120 abstracts included: (a) the article pertained to both simulation and undergraduate IPE and (b) the article reported a research study. Eighteen articles which met the pre-set criteria were included in the literature review. All studies featured outcome measures; many were purposely designed and lacked psychometric development and evaluation. Key IPSE drivers included capacity planning, preparedness for disaster management and improving patient care through the evaluation of teambuilding, teamwork skills or communicating within inter-disciplinary teams. Studies evaluated/explored either student or teacher perspectives of learning within the context of IPSE or both. The IPSE learning processes varied considerably in relation to duration, fidelity and professions involved. The scenarios ranged from managing adults admitted to hospital settings, mass casualty/mock disaster patient management to the use of training wards. The majority of the articles identified common IPSE outcomes relating to increased confidence, knowledge, leadership, teamwork, and communication skills. Based on the findings of this review, the authors suggest that further multi-site, longitudinal research studies are required to provide evidence of the transferability of skills developed during IPSE and their overall impact on both undergraduate education and healthcare. PMID:23101350

Gough, Suzanne; Hellaby, Mark; Jones, Neal; MacKinnon, Ralph

2012-01-01

108

The NRC Study of Undergraduate Physics Education: The role, status and outlook for physics education research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Academies formed the ``Committee on Undergraduate Physics Education, Research and Implementation'' in 2011 and charged it with producing a report that ``identifies the goals and challenges facing undergraduate physics education and identifies how best practices for undergraduate physics education can be implemented on a widespread and sustained basis.'' (Further information on the committee and its charge can be found at: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/BPA/BPA059078.) The report is expected to be released in early 2013. This talk will address the committee's process, some of the findings, and their implications for physics education. The role of physics education research in driving innovation will be emphasized.

Heron, Paula

2013-03-01

109

An Undergraduate Teacher Education Program For Engineering Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This workshop presentation provides information about the Undergraduate Teacher Education Program (UTEP) for the Division of Engineering and Department of Education at Brown University. This teaching preparation program is meant for students concentrating in the engineering ScB or AB programs. Graduates will be granted Rhode Island certification for teaching physics at the secondary (7-12) level. The program builds on the strong commitment of the engineering faculty students to the ongoing outreach programs in K-12 education. In this presentation the structure of the program, and its strengths and weaknesses are described. The mechanics of getting approval for the program from all constituents ranging from the engineering department to the university administration to the Rhode Island Department of Education are also explained.

Blume, Janet

2007-03-21

110

Academic library performance measures and undergraduates' library use and educational outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between an institution's academic library performance measures and undergraduates' library use and educational outcomes. The sample consisted of 7,958 undergraduates attending 36 colleges and universities representing four institutional types. Regression analyses determined the relationship between academic library performance measures and library use and self-reported gains in critical thinking while controlling for undergraduates' background characteristics and

Ethelene Whitmire

2002-01-01

111

Undergraduate medical education: tendencies and requirements in a rapidly developing Europe.  

PubMed

This study pinpoints the necessity to constantly monitor local approaches in undergraduate medical education on an inter-European scale. Traditional undergraduate medical curricula need restructuring to account for the increasing amount of medical knowledge and rapid changes and developments in societies, nosology, therapy and IT. European undergraduate medical curricula should be harmonized not egalized, with a focus on inter-European sharing of resources, mobility, credit (allocation, accumulation and transfer), definition of European and trans-European mission statements, identification of quality metrics, advice on dealing with conflicting aims such as specialization and generalization, on communicating core knowledge instead of providing overabundance of information, and on introducing multifaceted teaching and learning methods, as well as providing strategies for life long learning. Sound medical education can no longer and nowhere be considered under the autonomous auspices of individual Medical Schools or national philosophies. It has to be perceived and structured as a competitive and flexible approach which promotes life long learning of teachers, students, physicians and other related staff with international awareness. It is stressed that student and staff mobility, as well as virtual mobility in the form of worldwide available teaching modules and expertise have to be incorporated into national medical curricula. This is to guarantee up-to-date education in support of patient demands, future professionality and competitiveness of students, physicians and Public Health System institutions. The formal approaches of traditional subject related curricula as well as problem based learning must be linked with quality approved state of the art ODL, evaluated international CME strategies and training in the utilization of IT in preparation of lifelong learning. Strategies for the use of IT need updating on a regular basis to diminish the gap between undergraduate and postgraduate medical education. General European perspectives of medical education are discussed in relation to ECTS, ODL, compulsory credited and evaluated CME and relicensing of physicians. Prime features of ETM--the most reputed and well-known European medical CME initiative fostering quality assured international awareness are described and recommended for local and nationwide implementation. Specific links of the Bonn undergraduate medical curriculum with credited and evaluated CME and imminent European strategies are detailed. The authors conclude that European universities not adapting at least some of the outlined curricular necessities will rapidly lose their competitiveness compared to other national and international Medical Schools. Harmonized European ethical mission statements and consequent utilization of IT deserve special considerations in this context. PMID:11217285

Breipohl, W; Johansson, C; Hansis, M; Steiger, J; Naguro, T; Müller, K; Mestres, P

2000-01-01

112

Gender Equity in Education. A Curriculum Plan for an Undergraduate Education Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum plan for educators is a three-credit undergraduate course that focuses on recognizing and eliminating gender bias in teacher attitudes and behavior. The purpose of the curriculum plan is to integrate gender equity awareness, skills, and competencies into teacher preparation programs. As a result, preservice educators will have an…

Gentzler, Yvonne S.; Browne, Lorna K.

113

An investigation of undergraduate music education curriculum content in primary teacher education programmes in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary school music experiences have been shown to impact not only on future adult attitudes to, but also interest and participation in music. Unfortunately, the current policy and practice of music in primary schools is still perceived to be unsatisfactory. According to teachers this can be attributed in the main to their undergraduate university training in music education. Music educators

Nita Temmerman

1997-01-01

114

[Nurse undergraduate students' perception of quality of life].  

PubMed

The research objective was to know nurse undergraduate students' perception of quality of life. A cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2010 to August 2011 with 56 nursing students of the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia, Brazil. A specific questionnaire was used (sociodemographic, academic and health profile) and the WHOQOL-BREF. Statistical analyzes included a description of frequency, central tendency and dispersion measures, and comparison between domains. The Psychological and Environment domains were assessed as the best and worst scores, respectively. The facets called Thinking, learning, memory and concentration, Sleep and rest Energy and fatigue, Activities of daily living, Work Capacity, Participation in and opportunities for recreation/leisure activities,financial resources and negative feelings were affected. The facets with the worst score influenced negatively the quality of life for students and might trigger negative feelings such as bad mood, desperation anxiety and depression. PMID:24015471

Bampi, Luciana Neves da Silva; Baraldi, Solange; Guilhem, Dirce; Pompeu, Rafaella Bizzo; Campos, Ana Carolina de Oliveira

2013-06-01

115

Project Kaleidoscope: Advancing What Works in Undergraduate STEM Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1989, Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL) published its first report, What Works: Building Natural Science Communities, on reforming undergraduate STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education. Since then, PKAL has grown into a national organization comprised of a diverse group of over 6500 STEM educators who are committed to advancing "what works." The PKAL mission is to be a national leader in catalyzing the efforts of people, institutions, organizations and networks to move from analysis to action in significantly improving undergraduate student learning and achievement in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics). Specifically, PKAL's strategic goals are to: 1) Promote the development and wider use of evidence-based teaching, learning and assessment approaches, 2) Build individual and organizational capacity to lead change in STEM education, and 3) Engage the broader community of external stakeholders - professional and disciplinary societies, business and industry groups, accreditation organizations, educational associations, governmental agencies, philanthropic organizations - in achieving our mission. PKAL achieves these goals by serving as the nexus of an interconnected and multidisciplinary web of people, ideas, strategies, evidence and resources focused on systemic change in undergraduate STEM education. PKAL also provides resources on critical issues, such as teaching using pedagogies of engagement, and engages interested faculty, campuses and professional societies in national projects and programs focused on cutting edge issues in STEM education. One of these projects - Mobilizing Disciplinary Societies for a Sustainable Future - is engaging eleven disciplinary societies, including the National Association of Geoscience Teachers, in defining specific resources, faculty development programs and goals focused on promoting undergraduate STEM courses that: 1) provide more knowledge about real-world issues; 2) connect these real-world issues to the concepts of sustainability; 3) offer students opportunities to analyze and implement choices that can help solve societal problems so they are better able to act on their choices both immediately and as future citizens and professionals. PKAL has also been offering leadership institutes for STEM faculty members to develop their knowledge and skills as change agents who have the capacity to lead educational reform at their institutions. Since 1996, over 200 faculty members from across the STEM disciplines have attended the institutes. An analysis of leadership alumni indicates that nearly 40% have moved on to administrative leadership positions. Alumni of these institutes are now leading regional STEM reform networks in five locations around the U.S. Since 2007, PKAL networks have engaged nearly 650 STEM faculty and campus leaders from over 100 diverse institutions in professional development workshops focused on STEM reform teaching and learning to effect a wider reach of STEM education transformation on campuses where it matters most. Network expertise and resources are disseminated on PKAL's website and national meetings. These programs illustrate PKAL's efforts to build community and disseminate resources that have a national impact on advancing undergraduate STEM teaching, learning and success for all students.

Elrod, S.

2011-12-01

116

Pediatric disaster simulation in graduate and undergraduate nursing education.  

PubMed

A university partnered with community agencies to include children and parents in a mass casualty full scale exercise on an academic campus. Nursing undergraduate students provided care to students in a multidisciplinary environment that involved hundreds of victims and health care personnel. One graduate nursing student worked with a youth theater group to provide disaster preparedness education to the children, culminating in their participation in the disaster exercise. Parents reported that the exercise was positive, that they would participate again, and that their children enjoyed the experience. PMID:23376208

Austin, Elizabeth N; Hannafin, Nancy M; Nelson, H Wayne

2013-01-31

117

Quality & Education: Critical Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of essays about schools that have successfully implemented Total Quality Management (TQM) through partnerships with the business community, parents, higher education, school board members, and others. Following the preface, foreword, and introduction, the book is divided into five sections: school leaders in Total…

McCormick, Betty L., Ed.

118

Communities for Quality Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past several years, a number of organizations and policy centers have grown increasingly concerned about the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)and its implications for students and other members of the education community across the United States. One such group is the Communities for Quality Education, a national education advocacy group which seeks "to build a partnership between people inside and outside the education community who share the common goal of building better public schools for every child." Visitors will definitely want to peruse their research reports, which include data on the number of schools that did not make adequate yearly progress according to the NCLB. The site also features news coverage based on the insightful work of the organization, along with several nice interactive maps that document the actions of individual states concerned with various aspects of the NCLB.

2005-01-01

119

Astrobiology Undergraduate Education: Students' Knowledge and Perceptions of the Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the field of astrobiology continually evolving, it has become increasingly important to develop and maintain an educational infrastructure for the next generation of astrobiologists. In addition to developing more courses and programs for students, it is essential to monitor the learning experiences and progress of students taking these astrobiology courses. At the University of Florida, a new pilot course in astrobiology was developed that targeted undergraduate students with a wide range of scientific backgrounds. Pre- and post-course surveys along with knowledge assessments were used to evaluate the students' perceived and actual learning experiences. The class incorporated a hybrid teaching platform that included traditional in-person and distance learning technologies. Results indicate that undergraduate students have little prior knowledge of key astrobiology concepts; however, post-course testing demonstrated significant improvements in the students' comprehension of astrobiology. Improvements were not limited to astrobiology knowledge. Assessments revealed that students developed confidence in science writing as well as reading and understanding astrobiology primary literature. Overall, student knowledge of and attitudes toward astrobiological research dramatically increased during this course, which demonstrates the ongoing need for additional astrobiology education programs as well as periodic evaluations of those programs currently underway. Together, these approaches serve to improve the overall learning experiences and perceptions of future astrobiology researchers.

Foster, Jamie S.; Drew, Jennifer C.

2009-04-01

120

Special Session - engineering for a sustainable world: How do we incorporate sustainability in undergraduate engineering education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainability principles in engineering are currently taught and promoted through graduate programs and professional engineering societies. It is appropriate that sustainability principles are also addressed in undergraduate engineering education. Retooling an existing undergraduate engineering curriculum to include comprehensive coverage of sustainability may be outside of the expertise or purview of an individual educator. However, sustainability principles can still be introduced

Robert Prins; Ronald Kander; Towana Moore; Eric Pappas; Olga Pierrakos

2008-01-01

121

Home environmental hazard education for undergraduate and prelicensure nursing students.  

PubMed

This paper presents a Healthy Homes education module for undergraduate and prelicensure nursing students. The education module, which is based on the National Center for Healthy Housing's framework for Healthy Homes, was developed, implemented, and evaluated in three phases. Phase 1 included nine Web-based recorded lectures on the Healthy Homes principles and on home assessment and referral. In the next phase, a Healthy Homes clinical laboratory simulation (home visit scenario and four rooms of an apartment) was created. Phase 3 involved piloting home visits by students who, under the supervision of a clinical instructor, conducted Healthy Homes assessments of clients living in two low-income subsidized housing sites. Using a pretest-posttest format, students' knowledge of Healthy Homes concepts significantly increased after completing the Phase 1 Web-based lectures. Student evaluations, which were collected after each phase, were consistently positive. PMID:22909044

Polivka, Barbara J; Chaudry, Rosemary Valedes; Mac Crawford, J

2012-08-20

122

Not left to chance: introducing an undergraduate interprofessional education curriculum.  

PubMed

Teaching diverse health profession students to work in teams, communicate, understand each other's roles and responsibilities, and effectively collaborate is imperative for creating a practice-ready workforce. This short report introduces an innovative undergraduate interprofessional curriculum for students enrolled in the baccalaureate majors of applied exercise science, athletic training, dental hygiene, nursing and pre-occupational therapy. The process of designing this program of study, guided by the method of appreciative inquiry, is highlighted. The format and learning activities created for this novel curriculum are described. Congruence for this endeavor is explored through alignment with the recent national Interprofessional Education Collaborative expert panel report. Preparing graduates to fulfill the dual identity of discipline-specific clinician and interprofessional team member is an essential curricular consideration for contemporary health profession education. PMID:23002788

Pardue, Karen T

2012-09-24

123

Educators' experience of teaching nursing research to undergraduates.  

PubMed

Most research pertaining to the teaching of nursing research has focused on learning outcomes and students' attitudes toward research. Few scholars have explored what it is like to teach nursing research. The purpose of this study was to describe the experience of teaching undergraduate nursing research. Data were obtained from 12 nurse educators through e-mail interviews and analyzed using Giorgi's method of descriptive phenomenology. Four meaning units describe the experience: marketing research content, introducing the research process, enhancing student abilities to learn about research, and enhancing personal abilities to teach research. The three meaning units that focus on faculty intentions toward students are somewhat consistent with prior research but include interesting new ideas. Concerning the last meaning unit, participants reported an interest in learning about teaching strategies, advanced statistics, and informational technology. Deans and directors should explore the learning needs of such faculty and offer appropriate ongoing education. PMID:18359922

Mansour, Tamam B; Porter, Eileen J

2008-03-21

124

Reforming STEM Undergraduate Education: What's a Faculty Member to Do?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Fairweather, J.

2011-12-01

125

College Students' Perceptions of Quality in Distance Education: The Importance of Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality in distance education has been studied mostly from a top-down approach, from administration and faculty to students. This study was an attempt to understand quality through the eyes of the distance learner. This study identified undergraduate and graduate students' perceptions about quality in distance education, examining factors…

Ortiz-Rodriguez, Madeline; Telg, Ricky W.; Irani, Tracy; Roberts, T. Grady; Rhoades, Emily

2005-01-01

126

The Role of an Undergraduate Liberal Arts Education and a Professional Education in Public Administration: Some Enduring Dilemmas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An undergraduate degree in public administration is neither needed nor a desirable educational goal for the fields of public administration and public policy. Undergraduate public-administration education should focus only on macrosocietal issues such as the substantive role of the citizenry in democracy; the nature of public interest; and…

Ventriss, Curtis

1998-01-01

127

Student Perceptions of Quality Feedback in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many reports have identified a perceived lack of quality in regard to assessment feedback in higher education contexts. One research study in 2007 on undergraduate university students found that less than half of the students (46%) collected their formative feedback, suggesting that from their perspective feedback clearly was not fulfilling the…

Ferguson, Peter

2011-01-01

128

Student perceptions of quality feedback in teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many reports have identified a perceived lack of quality in regard to assessment feedback in higher education contexts. One research study in 2007 on undergraduate university students found that less than half of the students (46%) collected their formative feedback, suggesting that from their perspective feedback clearly was not fulfilling the role it should. This is a study of 465

Peter Ferguson

2011-01-01

129

Building Learning Modules for Undergraduate Education Using LEAD Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery (LEAD) has as its goal to make meteorological data, forecast models, and analysis and visualization tools available to anyone who wants to interactively explore the weather as it evolves. LEAD advances through the development and beta-deployment of Integrated Test Beds (ITBs), which are technology build-outs that are the fruition of collaborative IT and meteorological research. As the ITBs mature, opportunities emerge for the integration of this new technological capability into the education arena. The LEAD education and outreach initiative is aimed at bringing new capabilities into classroom from the middle school level to graduate education and beyond, and ensuring the congruency of this technology with curricular. One of the principal goals of LEAD is to democratize the availability of advanced weather technologies for research and education. The degree of democratization is tied to the growth of student knowledge and skills, and is correlated with education level (though not for every student in the same way). The average high school student may experience LEAD through an environment that retains a higher level of instructor control compared to the undergraduate and graduate student. This is necessary to accommodate not only differences in knowledge and skills, but the computer capabilities in the classroom such that the "teachable moment" is not lost.Undergraduates will have the opportunity to query observation data and model output, explore and discover relationships through concept mapping using an ontology service, select domains of interest based on current weather, and employ an experiment builder within the LEAD portal as an interface to configure, launch the WRF model, monitor the workflow, and visualize results using Unidata's Integrated Data Viewer (IDV), whether it be on a local server or across the TeraGrid. Such a robust and comprehensive suite of tools and services can create new paradigms for embedding students in an authentic, contextualized environment where the knowledge domain is an extension, yet integral supplement, to the classroom experience.This presentation describes two different approaches for the use of LEAD in undergraduate education: 1) a use-case for integrating LEAD technology into undergraduate subject material; and 2) making LEAD capability available to a select group of students participating in the National Collegiate Forecasting Contest (NCFC). The use-case (1) is designed to have students explore a particular weather phenomenon (e.g., a frontal boundary, jet streak, or lake effect snow event) through self-guided inquiry, and is intended as a supplement to classroom instruction. Students will use interactive, Web-based, LEAD-to-Learn modules created specifically to build conceptual knowledge of the phenomenon, adjoin germane terminology, explore relationships between concepts and similar phenomena using the LEAD ontology, and guide them through the experiment builder and workflow orchestration process in order to establish a high-resolution WRF run over a region that exhibits the characteristics of the phenomenon they wish to study. The results of the experiment will be stored in the student's MyLEAD workspace from which it can be retrieved, visualized and analyzed for atmospheric signatures characteristic of the phenomenon. The learning process is authentic in that students will be exposed to the same process of investigation, and will have available many of the same tools, as researchers. The modules serve to build content knowledge, guide discovery, and provide assessment while the LEAD portal opens the gateway to real-time observations, model accessibility, and a variety of tools, services, and resources.

Clark, R. D.; Yalda, S.

2006-12-01

130

Addressing the 'Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education' with Internet-enhanced Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the use of the Internet by exploring seven principles of good practice in undergraduate education: (1) student-faculty contact; (2) cooperation among students; (3) active learning; (4) prompt feedback; (5) time on task; (6) high expectations; and (7) respects diverse talent and learning styles. Includes results from a student survey.…

Ritter, Michael E.; Lemke, Karen A.

2000-01-01

131

Integrative thinking and learning in undergraduate nursing education: three strategies.  

PubMed

This article describes three learning activities used in the undergraduate nursing degree program at a mid-sized university in northeastern Ontario, Canada. Each activity, a reflective writing assignment, scenario testing, and an OSCE experience, is considered in terms of integrative thinking. Formal and informal evaluation of the activities is also discussed.Based on the authors' experiences, integrative thinking including habits of mind and cognitive skills can be directed and enhanced. To maximize students' growth as integrative thinkers, they should be exposed to many kinds of activities that target this growth. Generally, such activities tend to be case-based and interactive in nature. They also require a level of scaffolding or directedness. To develop and implement such activities, teachers are encouraged to work with educational researchers and instructional designers. PMID:18976236

Dickieson, Patti; Carter, Lorraine M; Walsh, Mireille

2008-10-20

132

Expected benefits of streamlining undergraduate medical education by early commitment to specific medical specialties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate medical education is too long; it does not meet the needs for physicians’ workforce; and its content is inconsistent\\u000a with the job characteristics of some of its graduates. In this paper we attempt to respond to these problems by streamlining\\u000a medical education along the following three reforms. First, high school graduates would be eligible for undergraduate medical\\u000a education programs

Jochanan BenbassatReuben Baumal; Reuben Baumal

133

Agriculture and the Undergraduate. Proceedings of a Conference--Investing in the Future: Professional Education for the Undergraduate (Washington, D.C., April 15-17, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the proceedings of a national conference to chart the comprehensive changes needed to meet the challenges of undergraduate professional education in agriculture. Part I of the proceedings contains the following 14 conference papers: (1) "Rethinking Undergraduate Professional Education for the Twenty-First Century: The…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Board on Agriculture.

134

Undergraduate Education in Psychology from the 1950's Through the 1990's.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews major areas of interest in the future of undergraduate psychology education. Educators will be concerned with the increasingly diverse student needs, the value of a liberal arts education, and the need for personal and professional growth. The debate over educational objectives and program course content will continue. (AM)

McKeachie, Wilbert J.

1982-01-01

135

Use of the "Attitudes Toward Mainstreaming Scale" with Undergraduate Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education students' attitudes towards mainstreaming are crucial to the future success of the movement toward inclusive education. This study describes the attitudes toward mainstreaming held by undergraduate education students and assesses attitude changes related to knowledge about handicapping conditions and the field of education as well as…

Wilczenski, Felicia L.

136

Current provision of rheumatology education for undergraduate nursing, occupational therapy and physiotherapy students in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Rheumatological conditions are common and all health professionals (HPs) therefore need sufficient knowledge and skills to manage patients safely and effectively. The aim of this study was to examine current undergraduate education in rheumatology for HPs in the UK. Methods. A questionnaire was sent to curriculum organizers and clinical placement officers for all undergraduate courses in adult nursing, occupational

C. Almeida; B. Clarke; A. O'Brien; A. Hammond; S. Ryan; L. Kay; S. Hewlett

2006-01-01

137

Undergraduate Education in Psychology: All's Well That Begins and Ends Well  

Microsoft Academic Search

This introductory chapter considers best practices for beginnings and endings in undergraduate psychology education. It reflects and responds to important concerns raised by colleagues who routinely teach undergraduates: What can be done early in the psychology major to help students learn better as they progress through it? What can be done later in the major, prior to graduation, so that

Dana S. Dunn; Bernard C. Beins; Maureen McCarthy; Hill G. William IV

2010-01-01

138

Integrating Evidence Based Medicine Into Undergraduate Medical Education: Combining Online Instruction With Clinical Clerkships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Incorporation of evidence based medicine into the undergraduate curriculum varies from school to school. The purpose of this study was to determine if an online course in evidence based medicine run concurrently with the clinical clerkships in the 3rd year of undergraduate medical education provided effective instruction in evidence based medicine (EBM). Description: During the first 18 weeks of

Stephen C. Aronoff; Barry Evans; David Fleece; Paul Lyons; Lawrence Kaplan; Roberto Rojas

2010-01-01

139

Inquiry-based Learning and Digital Libraries in Undergraduate Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe robust rationales for integrating inquiry-based learning into undergraduate science education, and to propose that digital libraries are potentially powerful technological tools that can support inquiry-based learning goals in undergraduate science courses. Overviews of constructivism and situated cognition are provided with regard to how these two theoretical perspectives have influenced current science

Xornam S. Apedoe; Thomas C. Reeves

2006-01-01

140

Inquiry-Based Learning and Digital Libraries in Undergraduate Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe robust rationales for integrating inquiry-based learning into undergraduate science education, and to propose that digital libraries are potentially powerful technological tools that can support inquiry-based learning goals in undergraduate science courses. Overviews of constructivism and situated…

Apedoe, Xornam S.; Reeves, Thomas C.

2006-01-01

141

Undergraduate International Students: A Resource for the Intercultural Education of American Peers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intercultural education is widely perceived as desirable and international students are increasingly perceived as a resource for fostering intercultural competencies among American college students. This study surveys undergraduate international students at a small, primarily undergraduate, public liberal arts university in the Midwest to…

Breuning, Marijke

2007-01-01

142

Quality requirements for teacher educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study deals with the quality requirements that are needed for teacher educators. The tasks teacher educators have to do and the competencies they should possess (a professional profile), according to their fellow teacher educators, were identified. On the basis of a literature search on tasks and competencies of teacher educators, we made a first overview of tasks and competencies.

Bob Koster; Mieke Brekelmans; Fred Korthagen; Theo Wubbels

2005-01-01

143

Making the professionalism curriculum for undergraduate medical education more relevant.  

PubMed

Background: This study was an assessment of the professionalism curriculum at a community-based medical school from the perspective of undergraduate medical students. Aims: The goal of this study was to ascertain the perspectives of faculty and students on their interpretations of professionalism and its role in medical education to improve and expand existing professionalism curricula. Method: An online survey was created and sent to all students (n?=?245) and selected faculty (n?=?41). The survey utilized multiple choice and open-ended questions to allow responders to provide their insights on the definition of professionalism and detail how professionalism is taught and evaluated at their institution. A content analysis was conducted to categorize open-ended responses and the resulting themes were further examined using SPSS 20.0 for Windows (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) frequency analyses. Results: Students and faculty respondents were similar in their definitions of medical professionalism and their perceptions of teaching methods. Role modeling was the most common and preferred method of professionalism education. Responses to whether evaluations of professional behavior were effective suggested both students and faculty are unclear about current professionalism assessments. Conclusion: This study showed that a cohesive standardized definition of professionalism is needed, as well as clearer guidelines on how professionalism is assessed. PMID:23931736

Morihara, Sarah K; Jackson, David S; Chun, Maria B J

2013-08-12

144

The role of computer science in undergraduate bioinformatics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The successful implementation of educational programs in bioinformatics presents many challenges. The interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics requires close cooperation between computer scientists and biologists despite inescapable differences in the ways in which members of these professions think. It is clear that the development of quality curricula for bioinformatics must draw upon the expertise of both disciplines. In addition, biologists and

Debra T. Burhans; Gary R. Skuse

2004-01-01

145

Quality tools in science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At a recent Science Teachers' State Convention, I attended a session called ``Quality Tools in Science Education'' and was introduced to an approach to classroom management and student involvement modeled after an industry practice called TQM (total quality management).

Blanton, Patricia

2002-03-01

146

Teachers as researchers: Classroom inquiry initiatives at undergraduate and graduate levels in early childhood education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the importance of including a teacher?as?researcher strand in college courses at both undergraduate and graduate levels. It describes four competency areas that contribute to the ability to engage in classroom inquiry including frequent and quality clinical experiences, practicing data collection methods of authentic assessment, opportunities to learn reflective practices, and experience using the inquiry cycle. Two undergraduate

Margaret H. Cooney; Michelle Buchanan; Debra Parkinson

2001-01-01

147

Shared Innovations in Education: Writing and Reviewing for the Undergraduate Neuroscience Community  

PubMed Central

In the Fall of 2002, the Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) began publication of its flagship journal, the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education (JUNE). For the past ten years, JUNE has been a major forum for the free exchange of information among undergraduate neuroscience educators. Numerous articles on laboratory exercises, media, pedagogy, curriculum, and issues pertinent to neuroscience educators have been published in JUNE during the past decade. Given the vast expertise in pedagogy amongst the FUN membership and within the undergraduate neuroscience education community at large, we strongly encourage all FUN members and JUNE readers to become actively involved in JUNE by contributing manuscripts and/or by offering your services as a reviewer.

Wiertelak, Eric P.; Dunbar, Gary L.

2012-01-01

148

For-profit undergraduate medical education: back to the future?  

PubMed

One hundred years ago, Abraham Flexner wrote a report that profoundly influenced U.S. medical education. His conclusion-that medical degree (MD)-granting education programs should occur in not-for-profit universities and include hands-on laboratory and patient care experiences in teaching hospitals and clinics-led to the creation of the current model of U.S. MD education. Although this model has served the United States well, it is lengthy and costly. As the United States struggles to deal with a growing shortage of physicians, other models of medical education, including osteopathic medicine and offshore, MD-granting schools, have increased production of graduates. New private colleges of osteopathic medicine, including one accredited proprietary school, are nimble, cost-effective competitors for MD-granting schools. Do these schools portend the establishment of a U.S. for-profit medical education sector in the same way that proprietary universities have become well established in higher education? How should MD medicine respond? Can and should MD educators shorten the time needed to produce a fully trained MD-holding physician? How can MD educators make the training process shorter and less expensive to respond to the nation's physician shortage while maintaining the appeal of MD careers and without compromising educational quality? Models of shorter, less expensive pathways to earning an MD exist and have proven effective. Now is the time for MD educators to debate whether they should apply these pathways more widely. Six recommendations could help realize the goals of shortening and making less costly the training of MD physicians in the United States. PMID:20107369

Shomaker, T Samuel

2010-02-01

149

Instrumental Music Education Students' Perceptions of Tensions Experienced during Their Undergraduate Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to recent concern regarding music education major retention and as an effort to contribute to the "lives of teachers" scholarship in music education, the primary research question for this study was: How do undergraduate students describe their lived experiences within the instrumental music education community? Data included a…

Conway, Colleen; Eros, John; Pellegrino, Kristen; West, Chad

2010-01-01

150

Instrumental Music Education Students' Perceptions of Tensions Experienced during Their Undergraduate Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to recent concern regarding music education major retention and as an effort to contribute to the "lives of teachers" scholarship in music education, the primary research question for this study was: How do undergraduate students describe their lived experiences within the instrumental music education community? Data included a…

Conway, Colleen; Eros, John; Pellegrino, Kristen; West, Chad

2010-01-01

151

Educational Quality Bill of Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents two forms of the Educational Quality Bill of Rights (EQBR). The first is a "one-page version", with a very brief single sentence identification of a key element of quality education in response to each of the key questions about the school (covering standards/learning goals, curriculum, instruction, etc.). The second is a…

Center for Law and Education (NJ3), 2009

2009-01-01

152

Quality in initial teacher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a critique of the assumptions underlying the Teacher Training Agency (TTA) strategy of defining quality centrally and imposing its view through a power-coercive change process. An alternative view of effective teacher education is developed, based on the contention that high quality courses result from the thinking and commitment of teacher education professionals, working with their colleagues in schools, in

David Blake; Jenny Lansdell

2000-01-01

153

Undergraduate Neuroscience Education in the U.S.: An Analysis using Data from the National Center for Education Statistics  

PubMed Central

Despite an apparent increase in undergraduate neuroscience programs offered by colleges and universities, there has been little effort to document this growth. In the present report we describe our analysis of the expansion of undergraduate neuroscience programs of study over more than 20 years and detail a number of institutional characteristics of colleges and universities that offer undergraduate neuroscience programs. These data reveal more than 100 institutions with undergraduate neuroscience programs as well as over 2000 college graduates that majored in neuroscience in 2008–2009. Understanding the current number as well as growth trends of undergraduate neuroscience programs found in U.S. colleges and universities has implications for neuroscience educators as well as for the funding of neuroscience research and educational activities.

Ramos, Raddy L.; Fokas, Georgia J.; Bhambri, Ankur; Smith, Phoebe T.; Hallas, Brian H.; Brumberg, Joshua C.

2011-01-01

154

Faculty Perceptions of Teaching in Undergraduate Computer Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the attitudes of computer science faculty members towards undergraduate teaching. The questions addressed in this study are: (1) How important is effective teaching to computer science faculty members at the undergraduate level and how important do they perceive effective teaching to be to their…

Abdelzaher, Ann M.

2009-01-01

155

Qualities of Professional Dialogue: Connecting Graduate Research on Teaching and the Undergraduate Teachers' Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate and graduate mathematics teacher education frameworks must ensure professional development of two groups of practitioners within the community of mathematics educators, namely pre-service and in-service mathematics teachers. The relationship between them serves as an example of connection theory and practice in mathematics teacher…

Leikin, Roza

2005-01-01

156

Maintaining quality in online education.  

PubMed

Higher education is adapting to new technologies and to the evolving pedagogies that accompany change. Maintaining quality begins with identifying purpose and assessing progress. Using the Sloan Consortium's quality framework, this article provides resources for measuring quality in online environments. PMID:17673781

Moore, Janet C

2007-01-01

157

Undergraduate Quality Management Project: Motorcycle Manufacturer Vendor Rating System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A major motorcycle vendor, based in the U.S. Midwest, is the world's largest custom V-Twin motorcycle manufacturer and domestically the second largest motorcycle manufacturer behind Harley-Davidson. This project describes the process used used by a K-State undergraduate distance learning student to design and develop the initial version of a…

Baker, James; McHaney, Roger

2009-01-01

158

‘Tristan chords and random scores’: exploring undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education through the lens of Bourdieu  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a theoretical framework drawn from Bourdieu, this article explores the relationship between undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education and their musical backgrounds and prior music education experiences. More critically, this study aims to discover whether ideologies surrounding musical value impact on the student experience in higher education. A survey of undergraduate students of music (N=60) at a

Gwen Moore

2012-01-01

159

Relationship between Sleep Quality and Health Risk Behaviors in Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Sleep Quality Index (SQI) and the Centers for Disease Control's National College Health Risk Survey (NCHRS) were administered to 859 undergraduates at a large southeastern university. Results indicated that 76.6% reported occasional sleep problems and 11.8 % experienced poor sleep quality. Among the problems reported, "general morning…

Vail-Smith, Karen; Felts, W. Michael; Becker, Craig

2009-01-01

160

Relationship between Sleep Quality and Health Risk Behaviors in Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sleep Quality Index (SQI) and the Centers for Disease Control's National College Health Risk Survey (NCHRS) were administered to 859 undergraduates at a large southeastern university. Results indicated that 76.6% reported occasional sleep problems and 11.8 % experienced poor sleep quality. Among the problems reported, "general morning…

Vail-Smith, Karen; Felts, W. Michael; Becker, Craig

2009-01-01

161

An Undergraduate Helping Skills Course: Skill Development and Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an undergraduate course designed to help psychology paraprofessionals. The course provided an introduction to a theory of helping, supervised practice in a classroom setting, and a forum to integrate theory, practice, and personal concerns. (CK)|

Korn, Paul R.

1980-01-01

162

Lessons Online: Educational Technology for the Undergraduate Geology Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development and implementation of an undergraduate earth science course using WebCT, a multipurpose software package. The course included class e-mail, science hyperlinks, an online calendar, an online discussion board, and online handouts. (DDR)|

Witham, Shelly Anne; Krockover, Gerald H.; Ridgway, Kenneth D.; Zinsmeister, William J.

2003-01-01

163

IWAR Range: A Laboratory for Undergraduate Information Assurance Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes a unique resource at West Point, the Information Analysis and Research Laboratory, referred to as the IWAR range. The IWAR range is an isolated laboratory used by undergraduate students and faculty researchers. The IWAR is a productio...

J. Schafer D. J. Ragsdale J. R. Surdu C. A. Carver

2000-01-01

164

Cultivating interest and competency in gerontological social work: opportunities for undergraduate education.  

PubMed

Undergraduate social work programs are well-positioned to recruit students to gerontology, but little is known about how well curricular activities help foster students' commitment to the field. This study considers whether a small group of undergraduate students' interactions with older adults positively impacts students' plans to work with older adults; perceptions of skills; and feelings of comfort and competency in working with older adults. Experiences from this study suggest that experiential learning can positively impact students' perceptions of work with older adults, but may not be enough to draw students to the field. Implications for undergraduate education are discussed. PMID:23600602

Rogers, Anissa T; Gualco, Kelly J; Hinckle, Charles; Baber, Rosie L

2013-01-01

165

LaURGE: Louisiana Undergraduate Recruitment and Geoscience Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NSF and the Shell Foundation sponsor a program called Louisiana Undergraduate Recruitment and Geoscience Education (LaURGE). Goals of LaURGE are: 1) Interweave geoscience education into the existing curriculum; 2) Provide teachers with lesson plans that promote interest in geoscience, critical thinking by students, and are consistent with current knowledge in geoscience; and 3) Provide teachers with supplies that make these lessons the highlights of the course. Biology workshops were held at LSU in Baton Rouge and Centenary College in Shreveport in July 2009. 25 teachers including 5 African-Americans attended the workshops. Teachers were from public and private schools in seven different parishes. Teacher experience ranged from 3 years to 40 years. Courses impacted are Biology, Honors Biology, AP Biology, and Environmental Science. The workshops began with a field trip to Mississippi to collect fossil shark teeth and create a virtual field trip. After the field trip, teachers do a series of activities on fossil shark teeth to illustrate evolution and introduce basic concepts such as geologic time, superposition, and faunal succession. Teachers were also given a $200 budget from which to select fossils for use in their classrooms. One of our exercises explores the evolution of the megatoothed shark lineage leading to Carcharocles megalodon, the largest predatory shark in history with teeth up to 17 cm long. Megatoothed shark teeth have an excellent fossil record and show continuous transitions in morphology from the Eocene to Pliocene. We take advantage of the curiosity of sharks shared by most people, and allow teachers to explore the variations among different shark teeth and to explain the causes of those variations. Objectives are to have teachers (and their students): 1) sort fossil shark teeth into biologically reasonable species; 2) form hypotheses about evolutionary relationships; and 3) describe and interpret evolutionary trends in the fossil Megatoothed lineage. The exercise concludes with discussion of the environmental and biotic events occurring between the Eocene and Miocene epochs that may have caused evolutionary changes in the megatooth shark’s teeth. Other topics covered include radiometric age dating, biogeochemical cycles, and human impact on the carbon and sulfur cycles. Pretests and posttests were administered to assess effectiveness of the program as well as identify teacher misconceptions. This information will be used in future workshops. NSF funding will allow the biology workshops to be repeated in 2010. In addition, a new workshop for physics teachers will be introduced in 2010.

Nunn, J. A.; Agnew, J.

2009-12-01

166

Development and Pilot Evaluation of a Cancer-Focused Summer Research Education Program Navajo Undergraduate Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a 10-week cancer research education program for Navajo undergraduate\\u000a students. The program was piloted at Diné College with 22 undergraduates (7 men, 15 women) in 2007 and 2008. Students completed\\u000a a pre–post program survey assessing attitudes, opinions, and knowledge about research and about cancer. The program was found\\u000a to be culturally

Edward R. Garrison; Mark C. Bauer; Brenda L. Hosley; Christi A. Patten; Christine A. Hughes; Mary A. Trapp; Wesley O. Petersen; Martha A. Austin-Garrison; Clarissa N. Bowman; Robert A. Vierkant

2010-01-01

167

Development of Hands-On CFD Educational Interface for Undergraduate Engineering Courses and Laboratories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development described of an educational interface for hands-on student experience with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for undergraduate engineering courses and laboratories. Project part of a three-year National Science Foundation sponsored Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement - Educational Materials Development project with faculty partners from colleges of engineering at Iowa, Iowa State, Cornell and Howard universities along with industrial (commercial CFD

Fred Stern; Tao Xing; Don Yarbrough; Alric Rothmayer; Ganesh Rajagopalan; Prakash Otta; David Caughey; Rajesh Bhaskaran; Sonya Smith; Barbara Hutchings; Shane Moeykens

2004-01-01

168

Critical Thinking Dispositions Among Undergraduate Students During Their Introductory Health Education Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study was undertaken to measure critical thinking dispositions in students as they enter the health education program at Illinois State University (ISU). Health education undergraduate students at ISU were found to have shortcomings in critical thinking dispositions during a study from 2000-2003. Dispositions (e.g. truthseeking,…

Broadbear, James T.; Jin, Guang; Bierma, Thomas J.

2005-01-01

169

Expected Benefits of Streamlining Undergraduate Medical Education by Early Commitment to Specific Medical Specialties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Undergraduate medical education is too long; it does not meet the needs for physicians' workforce; and its content is inconsistent with the job characteristics of some of its graduates. In this paper we attempt to respond to these problems by streamlining medical education along the following three reforms. First, high school graduates would be…

Benbassat, Jochanan; Baumal, Reuben

2012-01-01

170

Experiences of Higher Education Faculty Engaged in Undergraduate Student Learning Outcomes Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative phenomenological study sought to describe the lived experiences of full- time faculty engaged in undergraduate learning outcomes assessment at the program or general education level in baccalaureate or master's nonprofit or public institutions of higher education regionally accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The ten…

Evans, Elizabeth L.

2010-01-01

171

The Moral Dimensions of John Dewey's Philosophy: Implications for Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Dewey's writing is explicit concerning the moral responsibilities of education in democracy. These moral dimensions provide a framework for identifying characteristics of good undergraduate education consistent with recent reports and the pedagogy of service learning. Articulation of these characteristics supports the value of service…

Hatcher, Julie A.

1997-01-01

172

Guidelines for Curriculum Development for Undergraduate Medical Education in the Prevention of Pulmonary Diseases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These guidelines for developing an undergraduate medical education curriculum in pulmonary disease prevention emphasize not only the most current scientific practice but also the active application of cognitive and behavioral skills related to patient education. Chapter 1 introduces the guidelines and the issues and trends in preventative…

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD. Div. of Lung Diseases.

173

Educating the Baccalaureate Social Worker. Report of the Undergraduate Social Work Curriculum Development Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Undergraduate Social Work Curriculum Development Project was funded by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to strengthen the education and practice competency of baccalaureate social workers, the entry-level professional social workers. The project report identifies the purposes of social work and the major objectives, functions,…

Baer, Betty L.; Federico, Ronald

174

General Education Models: Continuity and Change in the U.S. Undergraduate Curriculum, 1975-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|General education requirements comprise, on average, approximately 30% of the undergraduate curriculum and therefore represent an important feature of the student academic experience in American colleges and universities. Previous studies have not fully examined the origins of the most important models of general education, the distribution of…

Brint, Steven; Proctor, Kristopher; Murphy, Scott Patrick; Turk-Bicakci, Lori; Hanneman, Robert A.

2009-01-01

175

A New Consensus for Undergraduate Education: Can We Get There from Here?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Business executives, government leaders and educators concerned with undergraduate curriculum are converging on a set of college outcomes necessary for success in the global society of the 21st century. Yet moving postsecondary education toward a curriculum that embraces these outcomes has proven difficult. The preoccupations of faculty members,…

Shoenberg, Robert E.

2007-01-01

176

Accountability Report To Assess the Effectiveness of Undergraduate Education at Arapahoe Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview is provided of Arapahoe Community College's (ACC's) efforts to improve undergraduate education and the success of those efforts. After outlining changes made in the transfer, vocational education, and developmental studies programs, the report identifies new strategies that have been adopted to disseminate information about…

Weber, James F.

177

The Evolving Undergraduate Information Systems Education: A Survey of U.S. Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

To keep up with the fast-changing world of information technologies (IT), information systems (IS) education programs need to be assessed regularly in terms of curriculum and teaching methods. This article reports the results of a survey of 240 faculty members in its undergraduate programs representing 193 higher education institutions in the United States. Analyses of the data suggest that during

T. Grandon Gill; Qing Hu

1999-01-01

178

Council on Undergraduate Research: A Resource (and a Community) for Science Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) is a professional organization dedicated to strengthening science and undergraduate science education. Central to the activities and programs sponsored by CUR is the recognition that the investigative process, especially undergraduate student research, plays a key role in an undergraduate science education. Publications, conferences, and other activities of CUR have facilitated the establishment and maintenance of a network of undergraduate teacher-researchers. For many members, myself included, the most important aspect of CUR is this sense of community provided by the opportunities to meet and work with colleagues who hold shared values and common expectations for science education. First established by a small group of prominent chemistry faculty in 1978, the Council on Undergraduate Research is now a rapidly growing multidisciplinary organization serving over 3,500 members in seven scientific and mathematical divisions, including biology, chemistry, geology, physics/astronomy, mathematics, and psychology (Fig. 1.). Chemists continue to play an important role in CUR; the Division of Chemistry, with more than 1,200 members, is the largest division.

Halstead, Judith A.

1997-02-01

179

Using a Robotic Telescope for Undergraduate Astronomy Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brigham Young University maintains a growing and healthy undergraduate astronomy major within its Department of Physics and Astronomy. This program focuses on maintaining mentored experiences that provide undergraduate students with numerous opportunities to participate in astronomical research experiences using data from various sources. All students in the program are currently required to produce a senior thesis as part of their work toward an undergraduate degree. Results from these senior thesis investigations are often significant and are incorporated into publications that appear in peer reviewed journals. We have utilized one half of the observing time on the Tenagra II 0.8-meter telescope located in southern Arizona during the 2006 through 2007 observing season. Undergraduate students have made frequent use of the data obtained from this telescope for a variety of projects. These projects include variable star searches in open clusters, monitoring of AGNs, precision photometric observations of standard fields and open clusters, H-alpha observations and monitoring of PMS objects, analysis and characterization of CCD detector characteristics, and some time series observations of known variable stars. Some of the observations have even been used to teach students to construct color images that are useful in public outreach programs. This poster presents a variety of results that have been obtained during approximately six months of observing time on the Tenagra II telescope. All of these observations have been reviewed and processed by undergraduate students as part of a system established to handle a continuous data flow. Many of the results presented are part of senior thesis and undergraduate class projects for students who are not part of the regular data acquisition team. We express thanks to the BYU College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences for funding the initiative to utilize the Tenagra II telescope in support of mentored undergraduate research.

Joner, Michael D.; Albretsen, J.; Hintz, E. G.; Moody, J. W.; Short, C.; Swenson, C.

2007-07-01

180

Evaluating Quality in Educational Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2005, the OECD Programme on Educational Building (PEB) organised two international experts’ group meetings to discuss how countries define and evaluate quality in educational facilities. The research and experiences of six experts are presented in this article, in addition to the lessons learned from the experts’ group meetings. The director of a state construction programme describes the standards used

Allen Abend; Sheila Walbe Ornstein; Emmanuel Baltas; Jaime de la Garza; Chris Watson; Kurt Lange; Hannah von Ahlefeld

2006-01-01

181

Improvement in undergraduate medical education: a 10-year follow-up in Finland.  

PubMed

Several studies have revealed that undergraduate medical education does not adequately prepare students for their work as physicians. There have been attempts to solve this problem in curriculum reforms in medical faculties. In this article, Finnish physicians' opinions on their undergraduate medical education are analysed. In 1988, a postal questionnaire was mailed to 2632 physicians registered during 1977-86, and altogether 1745 questionnaires were returned (66.3%). A follow-up study was done in 1998, and a questionnaire was sent to 2529 physicians who graduated between 1987 and 1996; 1822 questionnaires were returned (73.1%). Half of the respondents considered undergraduate education to correspond well with the requisite diagnostic skills and hospital doctors' work in general. In older and more traditional medical faculties (Helsinki, Oulu and Turku) education in primary healthcare work was considered insufficient. Also, more than 80% of the respondents felt they received too little teaching in administrative work. They reported that both traditional and younger, community-oriented faculties (Kuopio and Tampere) had considerably improved their education, especially in primary healthcare, during the 10-year follow-up. However, there were still clear differences between the education in the respective types of faculty as evaluated by their graduates. There is still room for improvements in undergraduate medical education, the better to meet the real needs of practising physicians in different fields of health care. PMID:12098458

Hyppölä, Harri; Kumpusalo, Esko; Virjo, Irma; Mattila, Kari; Neittaanmäki, Liisa; Halila, Hannu; Kujala, Santero; Luhtala, Riitta; Isokoski, Mauri

2002-01-01

182

Retention Issues in Legal Education: The Roles of Undergraduate Educators and of Academic Support in the Law School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews legal education and student retention, particularly of minority students, from three perspectives: current trends in law school admissions, the role of undergraduate institutions in avoiding retention problems by preparing candidates for successful legal education, and the increased role of law school academic support programs in student…

Cabrera, Richard

2002-01-01

183

Assuring Quality in Education Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of quality assurance educational evaluation methods are illustrated. Evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, school district are used. The methods are: (1) from auditing, internal control; (2) from accounting, double bookkeeping; and (3) from industrial quality control, acceptance sampling and cumulative percentage…

Trochim, William M. K.; Visco, Ronald J.

1986-01-01

184

Nutrition education: a survey of practices and perceptions in undergraduate dietetics education.  

PubMed

Electronic mail messages linked to an online survey were sent to 281 directors of didactic and coordinated programs in dietetics to investigate coverage of nutrition education in undergraduate curriculua, perceived importance of topics, and perceived trends. Descriptive statistics and content analysis were performed on responses from 117 programs. Programs addressed nutrition education through a variety of methods and materials. Fifty-three percent (n=62) offered a course dedicated to nutrition education. The most common teaching methods were didactic (88%) and experiential learning (87%). Most of the topics investigated, including those addressed by the Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education Accreditation Manual, were viewed as important, very important, or essential. Perceived trends included increased use of technology, theories/models, client-centered education, cultural awareness, and behavior change. Eighty-eight percent of respondents indicated satisfaction with nutrition education curriculum strategies. Dissatisfaction was associated with inadequate time and resources, need for course improvement, and lack of control over experiences. Results may aid in curriculum development. PMID:15389422

Short, Joy E; Chittooran, Mary M

2004-10-01

185

The Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: History, Challenges, and Future Developments  

PubMed Central

The ‘JUNE and You’ sessions presented at the July 2008 Undergraduate Neuroscience Education workshop, sponsored jointly by Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) and Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL), featured background information about the history and mission of the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education (JUNE), followed by an informative discussion about the challenges facing JUNE, including new ideas for future developments. This article will highlight some of the information and ideas generated and shared at this conference. Critical discussion points included the need to keep members of FUN actively engaged in submitting and reviewing articles for JUNE. Ways in which authors, reviewers, and interested faculty members could best help in promoting the mission and vision of JUNE were discussed. Concerns about recent hackings into the JUNE website were also raised, and possible solutions and measures that can be taken to minimize this in the future were discussed. In addition, ideas for expanding the role of JUNE to provide a forum to evaluate new and emerging website information that is pertinent to undergraduate neuroscience education was discussed. Ideas for future developments of JUNE included revolving postings of articles as they are accepted, providing links to several related websites, and allowing updates for articles that have been previously published in JUNE. Finally, ideas for maintaining and expanding JUNE’s stature as the resource for undergraduate neuroscience education included ensuring that JUNE is listed on important search vehicles, such as PubMed.

Dunbar, Gary L.; Lom, Barbara; Grisham, William; Ramirez, Julio J.

2009-01-01

186

Quality Issues in Women's Education and Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes "Maintaining and Monitoring Quality for Women Learners in Higher Education" (Rivis); "Women, Quality and Further Education" (Moss); "Quality Issues in Informal Women's Education in the Voluntary Sector" (Scarlett, Winner); "Women in Adult Basic Education" (Thompson); "Investors in People" (Taylor); "Quality and Women's Guidance Services"…

McGivney, Veronica, Ed.; And Others

1995-01-01

187

Towards a National Policy for Undergraduate Science Education: With the Recommendations of the National Higher Education Associations' Task Force. ACE Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Issues and recommendations concerning a national policy for undergraduate science education are examined from the perspectives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the corporate sector, and the National Higher Education Associations' Task Force. In "The Federal Role in Undergraduate Science and Engineering Education," NSF Director Erich…

American Council on Education, Washington, DC.

188

Total Quality Management in Higher Education: Applying Its Principles and Practices in the College Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This literature review is about the application of the ideas of Total Quality Management (TQM) in the academic side of higher learning institutions (classrooms). The methodology is solely document analysis. Findings show that TQM is a possible avenue for achieving national goals of quality for undergraduate and graduate education. The TQM…

Munoz, Marco A.

189

The need for education on health related-quality of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life is increasingly recognised as an important outcome measure that complements existing measures of clinical effectiveness. The education available on this subject for different healthcare professionals is varied. This article describes the design, implementation and evaluation of a Special Study Module on Health-Related Quality of Life for undergraduate medical students at the University of Birmingham. METHODS:

Melanie J Calvert; John R Skelton

2008-01-01

190

Undergraduate Education at the University: A Low Priority.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviewed several sources of data on the University of California systemwide and the Berkeley campus concerning allocation of faculty contact hours and faculty teaching energies generally, by the level of student. By several different measures, faculty energy and effort devoted to undergraduate teaching appear to have declined…

Koon, Jeff

191

Political Philosophy in the Political Education of Undergraduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Delineates two branches of political science: (1) teaching how politics works; and (2) teaching what politics means. The first develops expertise; the second fosters wisdom. Defines and advocates intellectual moderation as the ability to impartially judge. Sees political philosophy as the foundation of this moderation in undergraduates' search for…

Glenn, Gary D.

1990-01-01

192

Training graduate teaching assistants to be better undergraduate physics educators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Universities often depend on their graduate students to be undergraduate physics instructors. These novice teachers need to be trained to be effective in the physics teaching environment. This paper describes and documents the content and fiscal components of a successful graduate student teacher-training programme.

Gilreath, John; Slater, Timothy F.

2013-03-02

193

Training and Educating Undergraduate Students in the Discipline of HCI  

Microsoft Academic Search

An incoming freshman student stops by your office because he\\/she has read that your research area is HCI and desires to work with you. As teachers and academic advisers, how should we assist our students in choosing courses that will be beneficial to their study of HCI, but that will also provide the breadth that undergraduate studies provide? How should

Cynthia Y. Lester

2009-01-01

194

The Role of Universities and Colleges in Educating Gifted Undergraduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines various services available to gifted undergraduate students, including admission to college without high school graduation; credit for previous advanced work; identification during and after admission; advising by specialized personnel; career planning; and special programs (e.g., honors programs, admission to graduate courses,…

Robinson, Nancy M.

1997-01-01

195

Optimizing a design based undergraduate power engineering education program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Howard University is continually renewing its engineering program for fast integration of new and developing technologies. The continuing effort is to further incorporate design in the curriculum up-date of undergraduate engineering programs. The objective is to make our products more competitive in the new world and labor environment. This philosophy has been applied to a traditional electrical engineering option, the

James A. Momoh; Peter Bofah; Arunsi Chuku

1996-01-01

196

Optimizing a Design Based Undergraduate Power Engineering Education Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Howard University is continually renewing its engineering program for fast integration of new and developing technologies. The continuing effort is to further incorporate design in the curriculum up-date of undergraduate engineering programs. The objective is to make our products more competitive in the new world and labor environment. This philosophy has been applied to a traditional electrical engineering option, the

James A. Momoh; Peter Bofah; Arunsi Chuku

2000-01-01

197

Providing the Pathway to Success for Graduate Education: Undergraduate Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) lies along the U.S.-Mexico border and has one of the largest Hispanic student populations in the country. Since 2002, the faculty of Geological Sciences have provided research opportunities for undergraduate students with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Opportunities for Enhancing Diversity in the Geosciences (OEDG) program. The program, called Pathways

K. C. Miller; A. A. Velasco; C. L. Andronicos; R. P. Langford; T. L. Carrick

2005-01-01

198

Evaluating Undergraduate Education: the use of broad indicators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine the extent to which broad indicators of performance, such as student satisfaction with program, teaching, student life and experiences after graduation, could be used for program improvement. Information was obtained from graduates of a major research university in Canada who had received an undergraduate professional degree during the period from 1983 to

Janet G. Donald; D. Brian Denison

1996-01-01

199

Undergraduate management education : an analysis of rationale and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes how a number of tests were undertaken on a series of undergraduate business cohorts, the results of which indicated that appropriate module structure in managerial learning programmes can result in strategic management performance which is comparable to that of other discreet units. However, the enjoyment score indicated a lack of appreciation of this subject area. Concludes that students at

Bob Gammie

1995-01-01

200

[Physical activity, sedentary behavior and quality of life in undergraduate adolescents of Ciudad Guzman, State of Jalisco, Mexico].  

PubMed

With the aim of evaluating the association between physical activity and sedentary behavior with quality of life (QoL) in undergraduate students of Ciudad Guzman, state of Jalisco, Mexico, a total of 881 adolescents aged between 17 and 19 were studied. Online questionnaires were used, namely the research version of the Youth Quality of Life Instrument and the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Odd ratios (OR) were obtained using simple and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The number of days with physical activity was related to a higher total perceptual score, higher general QoL domain, higher self domain as well as higher environment domain. Playing in > 2 sports teams was related to a higher total perceptual score, higher general QoL domain, higher self domain as well as higher environment domain. Having 4-5 physical education classes/week was related with a higher general QoL domain. Limiting recreational screen time to < 2 hours/day was related with a higher relationship domain. In conclusion, in Mexican undergraduate adolescent students, higher QoL was associated with: physical activity at least 4 days/week; physical education classes 4 or more days/week; playing in 2 or more sports teams and limiting recreational screen time to 2 hours or less. PMID:23827898

Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Carlos Alejandro; Ramírez-López, Guadalupe; Hidalgo-San Martín, Alfredo

2013-07-01

201

Quality and safety education for nurses competencies and the clinical nurse specialist role: implications for preceptors.  

PubMed

Quality and Safety Education for Nurses came about through a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Its mission has been to transform nursing education by deliberately changing the focus of nursing's professional identity. The purpose of this article is to discuss the recent adaptation of the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses knowledge, skills, and attitudes, originally developed for undergraduate education, into competencies for advanced practice nursing education. This article discusses the applicability of those competencies for graduate education as it applies to the spheres of influence in the clinical nurse specialist role and the implications for preceptors. PMID:21139464

Altmiller, Gerry

202

Who Really Answers the Questions? Using Glasser's Quality School Model in an Undergraduate Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the effectiveness of the Quality School model and active learning in an undergraduate classroom setting. They compare performance levels of students in two course sections of Principles of Macroeconomics and two sections of Managerial Communications. Students are given an opportunity to help shape the structure of the…

Logan, Jennifer; Plumlee, Gerald L.

2012-01-01

203

Findings from the Condition of Education, 2002. Nontradiational Undergraduates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Condition of Education summarizes important developments and trends in education using the latest available data. The report, which is required by law, is an indicator report intended for a general audience of readers who are interested in education. ...

S. Choy

2002-01-01

204

Project-based Learning in Undergraduate Educational Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educators encounter complex and ill-defined problems within unpredictable contexts. Teacher education increasingly relies on problem-based and project-based learning. Technology-using educators face added complexities and possibilities of educational technology. The approach to project-based learning (PBL) in educational technology described in this paper is project-centered performance in the educational technology course required of preservice teachers. Students in the course learned through stages

Cathy Cavanaugh

205

Using Quality Circles to Enhance Student Involvement and Course Quality in a Large Undergraduate Food Science and Human Nutrition Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Large undergraduate classes are a challenge to manage, to engage, and to assess, yet such formidable classes can flourish when student participation is facilitated. One method of generating authentic student involvement is implementation of quality circles by means of a Student Feedback Committee (SFC), which is a volunteer problem-solving and…

Schmidt, S. J.; Parmer, M. S.; Bohn, D. M.

2005-01-01

206

Undergraduate exposure to urology: impact of the distributed model of medical education in British Columbia  

PubMed Central

Background: With the increased development of distributed sites for medical education across Canada, it is imperative we ensure that the quality of education is comparable between the different campuses. Our objective was to assess medical student experience and comfort with common urologic clinical encounters and to determine whether any differences exist between the distributed education sites at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Methods: Questionnaires assessing urologic education were delivered simultaneously to all final-year UBC medical students attending campuses in Vancouver, Victoria and Prince George. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Overall, 55.8% of students felt their exposure to urology was adequate in the medical curriculum; learners in the Northern Program (Prince George) ranked their clinical and didactic experiences significantly higher. Areas requiring improvement include teaching of the male genitourinary exam, digital rectal exam and sexual history, in which learners rated teaching “good/outstanding” in only 18.2%, 47.7% and 43.2% of cases, respectively. Overall, students were most comfortable with the following clinical encounters: urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, hematuria, incontinence and prostate cancer. Few differences in student experience or comfort were noted related to campus site, gender or urology clerkship exposure. Conclusion: A significant minority of learners perceived that they had inadequate exposure to urology in the undergraduate curriculum. Experience in urology was comparable across the distributed sites and was congruent with teaching objectives. Students were comfortable with the clinical scenarios deemed most important in the literature. Learners in the Northern Program were significantly more satisfied with their urologic teaching, which potentially highlights the advantages of learning in a smaller academic setting.

Hoag, Nathan A.; Hamidizadeh, Reza; MacNeily, Andrew E.

2013-01-01

207

A Three-Tiered Approach to Enhance Undergraduate Education in Bioethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The systematic integration of ethics into undergraduate programs is a key component to improving the understanding of ethical issues in science for a broad audience. We propose a three-tiered approach to integrating ethics and social issues that can be readily adapted to particular curricular needs. A concerted incorporation of ethics strategically targeted to each level of undergraduate education will improve the preparation of prospective research scientists, enhance K12 teacher training, increase the scientific and ethical literacy of the general public, and improve the awareness of health professionals regarding ethics in medicine. After examining textbooks, programs, and faculty perspectives, we suggest areas in which changes can be made to incorporate ethics into undergraduate education.

Lori A. Zaikowski (Dowling College;); Jinnie M. Garrett (Hamilton College;)

2004-01-10

208

Update on the Haystack Observatory Undergraduate Education Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MIT Haystack Observatory Undergraduate Research Program is an NSF- funded program aimed at introducing radio astronomy to undergraduate student and involving them in active radio astronomical research. This paper will update the progress made in the program. We have expanded the program beyond the local area and have provided nationwide access to the telescope. We will describe the projects that have been performed by students, the extensive materials that have been developed for faculty and students, and the simplified user interface for the 37-m telescope. Materials were developed for a faculty training course under the NSF Chautauqua short course program. In addition, a new digital receiver is being developed for the small radio telescope (described in another poster). The new receiver will allow fast spectral data acquisition as well as observation of the OH maser lines. This will increase the research capabilities of the telescope. We are also working on a simplified interface for the small telescope.

Pratap, P.; Salah, J. E.

2000-12-01

209

The use of dc glow discharges as undergraduate educational tools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasmas have a beguiling way of getting students interested in physics. We argue that plasmas can and should be incorporated into the undergraduate curriculum as both demonstrations and advanced investigations of electromagnetism and quantum effects. We describe a device, based on a direct-current (dc) glow discharge tube, which allows for a number of experiments into topics such as electrical breakdown, spectroscopy, magnetism, and electron temperature.

Wissel, Stephanie A.; Zwicker, Andrew; Ross, Jerry; Gershman, Sophia

2013-09-01

210

The Use of DC Glow Discharges as Undergraduate Educational Tools  

SciTech Connect

Plasmas have a beguiling way of getting students excited and interested in physics. We argue that plasmas can and should be incorporated into the undergraduate curriculum as both demonstrations and advanced investigations of electromagnetism and quantum effects. Our device, based on a direct current (DC) glow discharge tube, allows for a number of experiments into topics such as electrical breakdown, spectroscopy, magnetism, and electron temperature.

Stephanie A. Wissel and Andrew Zwicker, Jerry Ross, and Sophia Gershman

2012-10-09

211

Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

Li, Yuan

2010-01-01

212

Learning about environmental issues : Postgraduate and undergraduate students' interpretations of environmental contents in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To present results from a research project on postgraduate and undergraduate students' learning about environmental issues in education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Three cases were carried out with civil engineering students, biology students and postgraduate students. Discussions in classroom were tape-recorded, as well as discussions while working with assignments, and interviews were carried out. Findings – Shows how differently environmental

Cecilia Lundholm

2005-01-01

213

Current Demand and Future Need for Undergraduate LIS Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through an analysis of the results of a survey of Australian employers of Library and Information Studies (LIS) graduates, this paper explores the current demand and future need for undergraduate LIS education in Australia. In the context of recent calls for adopting a purely postgraduate level of entry to the profession, the overwhelming…

Sanders, Roy

2008-01-01

214

Business Undergraduates' Perceptions of Their Capabilities in Employability Skills: Implications for Industry and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the continuing disparity between industry expectations and higher education provision, this study examines the self-assessed capabilities of 1,024 business undergraduates in employability skills typically considered important by industry in developed economies. The findings indicate relative perceived strengths in "social…

Jackson, Denise

2012-01-01

215

University physics students' conceptualizations of optics - Designing educational reconstruction on optics course for undergraduate physics teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optics is one of the most rapidly growing branches of today's physics. It is easy to predict that the solutions of optics will cause a similar revolution as those of electronics did a few decades ago. As the primary way to influence school education is to enhance the courses offered to undergraduates aiming to be teachers, the main goal of

Markku Saarelainen; Jouni Viiri

216

The value of reflective journaling in undergraduate nursing education: A literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThe purpose of this literature review was to ascertain the evidence for the use of reflective journaling as a tool to promote the pedagogical strategy of reflection for the purpose of learning from practice for practice in undergraduate nursing education.

Sheila Epp

2008-01-01

217

Strength Through Options: Providing Choices for Undergraduate Education in the Geosciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate major enrollments in the Department of Geosciences at Penn State have held steady over the past 5 years despite generally declining national trends. We have successfully recruited and retained new students through intensive advising coupled with innovative curricular revision aimed to meet an array of students' educational and career goals. Our focus is on degree programs that reflect emerging

T. Furman; K. H. Freeman; D. Faculty

2003-01-01

218

Social Work Education in Dual Relationships: An Analysis of Undergraduate Knowledge of Ethical Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined ethics education as it relates to non-sexual dual relationships in accredited bachelor of social work programs in the state of Minnesota. The results of the study indicated that the majority of undergraduate social work students in Minnesota reported receiving instruction in ethical issues surrounding non-sexual dual…

Carney, Jeremy William

2010-01-01

219

Mini Skirts and Headscarves: Undergraduate Student Perceptions of Secularism in Turkish Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education sector. The study further illuminates these students' perspectives of how the university may…

Mabokela, Reitumetse Obakeng; Seggie, Fatma Nevra

2008-01-01

220

Transforming Undergraduate Science Teaching: Social Constructivist Perspectives. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book comes at a time when epistemological reform is sweeping through the global community of science education. Since the 1970s, the theories of knowing embodied in the teaching activities of school science teachers have been undergoing a major transformation toward more learner-sensitive standpoints. Undergraduate science teaching however,…

Taylor, Peter C., Ed.; Gilmer, Penny J., Ed.; Tobin, Kenneth, Ed.

221

Web-Based-Research as Critical Pedagogy: A Reflection on Its Application to Undergraduate Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In disciplines such as Management, where research capacity is not seen as an obvious workplace skill, it is difficult to get students to engage in research activities. They see them as too difficult and without value. However, research activities in undergraduate Management education are vital as tools for developing key learning attributes such…

Coronado, Gabriela

2011-01-01

222

The Influence of a Pilot Nutrition Education Program on Dietary Knowledge among Undergraduate College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective and Participants: The objective of this study was to determine if a nutrition education program, Everyday Healthy Eating on Campus (EHEC), resulted in positive healthy eating perceptions and behaviors among 103 undergraduates. Methods: Students from eight dormitories (n = 42) and five classrooms (n = 61) completed a shortened Diet and Health Knowledge Survey (DHKS) prior to and one

Geraldine Napoleone Pires; Amy Pumerantz; Lawrence K. Silbart; Linda S. Pescatello

223

Access, Satisfaction, and Future: Undergraduate Education at the Indian Institutes of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are among the most prestigious technical institutes in India (and perhaps in the world) for undergraduate engineering education. Admission to an IIT is viewed by many Indians as a passport to success, prosperity, prestige, and possibly moving to Western countries for higher studies and/or jobs. This…

Varma, Roli; Kapur, Deepak

2010-01-01

224

A Program Evaluation of Cardinal Stritch University's Undergraduate Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the research was to study the effectiveness of Cardinal Stritch University's Undergraduate Teacher Education Program in preparing its graduates to teach all children. The researcher framed the study around four areas of concern common to beginning teachers from the research and literature: (a) curriculum, instruction and assessment…

Russell, Freda Renee

2009-01-01

225

Undergraduate Mathematics Students' Attitudes towards Online Mathematics Education and Achievement in a Hybrid Calculus Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored undergraduate mathematics students' attitudes towards online mathematics education as well as differences in achievement of students who participated in a hybrid course when compared with those in a traditional course. Finally, attitudes of students who participated in the hybrid course were examined. The first part of this…

Caputo, Matthew George

2010-01-01

226

Faculty Satisfaction with Distance Education: A Comparative Analysis on Effectiveness of Undergraduate Course Delivery Modes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education faculty can and do teach courses delivered in a variety of ways. But, to date, little research has been done on the effectiveness of different delivery modes. This study sought to fill that void by comparing the effectiveness of three undergraduate course delivery modes: classroom, online, and video conference at a technical…

Koenig, Robert J.

2010-01-01

227

Vision and Change in Biology Undergraduate Education: Vision and Change from the Funding Front  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this short article is to (a) briefly summarize the findings of two important recent resources concerning the future of biology in the 21st century; one, Vision and Change, A Call to Action [AAAS, 2009. AAAS, Washington, DC], concerned with undergraduate education in biology, the other, A New Biology for the 21st Century [National…

Holm, Bethany; Carter, Virginia Celeste; Woodin, Terry

2011-01-01

228

Meeting Report: The First National Academies Summer Institute for Undergraduate Education in Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 2002 NRC Report "Bio 2010" (NRC, 2003), calling for changes in undergraduate education for biologists, suggested the establishment of summer workshops to help implement reform. While the report was in press, Millard Susman, a retired genetics professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Bob Yuan, a professor at University of…

Wood, William; Gentile, James

2003-01-01

229

Teaching French to a non?sighted undergraduate: adjusting practices to deliver inclusive education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sets out to illustrate the needs of a registered blind undergraduate student embarking upon a post?A?level French course at the University of Northampton. It also reflects upon (1) some of the challenges faced by the higher education (HE) tutors concerned and (2) the key adjustments put into place with a view to adopting differentiation strategies and creating a

Geraldine Daniele Enjelvin

2009-01-01

230

An Application of Knowles' Theories of Adult Education to an Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Studies Degree Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Malcolm Knowles' theory of andragogy is best known in the world of adult education as a conceptualization of how and why adults learn. The following practice-based article that has applied Knowles' theories and precepts to an undergraduate program reflects on how those concepts work with people whom Knowles might well have not considered…

Harper, Lin; Ross, Jerry

2011-01-01

231

Education, Learning, and Communications, Undergraduate Studies in Environmental Science, Session 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This set of two cassette tapes resulted from the 1969 AAAS conference on undergraduate environmental science. The topics selected for the seminar were: (1) What is the Field of Environmental Science and how does it relate to the Ecological crisis? (2) What should be the role and the goals of the educational institutions in dealing with these…

Hafner, Everett M.; And Others

232

Enablers and Constraints to the Use of Inquiry-Based Learning in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved a meta-analysis of 10 cases of inquiry-based learning (IBL) in undergraduate education to determine the factors which both enable and constrain its use. The enabling factors were found to include: teacher attributes--being student-centred, reflective but rebellious; course design attributes--questions stimulating learning,…

Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Walker, Rebecca; Batchelor, Julie; O'Steen, Billy; Angelo, Tom

2011-01-01

233

Teacher Classroom Behaviour Management Preparation in Undergraduate Primary Education in Australia: A Web-Based Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classroom behaviour management is an essential skill required by all teacher graduates to facilitate instruction in curriculum content. This article describes the classroom behaviour management (CBM) content on offer in Australian undergraduate primary education programs. To date, no nationwide studies exist that report the CBM instruction on…

O'Neill, Sue C.; Stephensen, Jennifer

2011-01-01

234

An Exploration of Potential Factors Affecting Student Withdrawal from an Undergraduate Music Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the degree withdrawal patterns of undergraduate music education majors, with a specific focus on the individual experiences of students withdrawing from the major. Data from recently withdrawn students (N = 14) were assembled using a qualitative methodology that included semistructured interviews,…

Gavin, Russell B.

2012-01-01

235

Education for Action. Undergraduate and Graduate Programs That Focus on Social Change. Expanded Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a comprehensive guide to graduate and undergraduate programs focusing on social change that are recommended by Food First, a non-profit research and education center with a mission of empowering citizens to address the root causes of hunger, poverty, and environmental decline. Listings provide the name and address of the…

Brooks, Sean, Ed.; Knowles, Alison, Ed.

236

Bringing Environmental Sustainability to Undergraduate Engineering Education: Experiences in an Inter-Disciplinary Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper chronicles the development of an interdisciplinary course in environmentally conscious design at Kettering University, a technologically focused Midwestern university. Funded by the National Science Foundation, a team of six faculty members at Kettering University adapted work done by Ford Motor Company to educate undergraduate STEM…

Aurandt, Jennifer; Borchers, Andrew Scott; Lynch-Caris, Terri; El-Sayed, Jacqueline; Hoff, Craig

2012-01-01

237

Teaching French to a Non-Sighted Undergraduate: Adjusting Practices to Deliver Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article sets out to illustrate the needs of a registered blind undergraduate student embarking upon a post-A-level French course at the University of Northampton. It also reflects upon (1) some of the challenges faced by the higher education (HE) tutors concerned and (2) the key adjustments put into place with a view to adopting…

Enjelvin, Geraldine Daniele

2009-01-01

238

Opinions and Reported Learning Outcomes of Undergraduate Music Education Majors Concerning Required Recital Attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine undergraduate music education majors' opinions and reported learning outcomes related to recital attendance required by their degree program. Comparisons were made between underclassmen (n = 99) and upperclassmen (n = 48) and between those attending a university with periodic deadlines for completing the requirement (n = 101) and those attending a university

Daryl W. Kinney; Michael Martin

2008-01-01

239

Meeting Report: The First National Academies Summer Institute for Undergraduate Education in Biology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2002 NRC Report "Bio 2010" (NRC, 2003), calling for changes in undergraduate education for biologists, suggested the establishment of summer workshops to help implement reform. While the report was in press, Millard Susman, a retired genetics professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Bob Yuan, a professor at University of…

Wood, William; Gentile, James

2003-01-01

240

Bringing Environmental Sustainability to Undergraduate Engineering Education: Experiences in an Inter-Disciplinary Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper chronicles the development of an interdisciplinary course in environmentally conscious design at Kettering University, a technologically focused Midwestern university. Funded by the National Science Foundation, a team of six faculty members at Kettering University adapted work done by Ford Motor Company to educate undergraduate STEM…

Aurandt, Jennifer; Borchers, Andrew Scott; Lynch-Caris, Terri; El-Sayed, Jacqueline; Hoff, Craig

2012-01-01

241

An Exploration of Potential Factors Affecting Persistence to Degree Completion in Undergraduate Music Teacher Education Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the withdrawal rates and patterns of undergraduate Music Education majors, with a specific focus on the individual experiences of students withdrawing from the major. In examining these experiences, the potential for identification of possible commonalities among withdrawn students was explored. The overall subject population (N = 1103) consisted of students enrolled in

Russell Bonner Gavin

2010-01-01

242

Project Impact: Disseminating Innovation in Undergraduate Education. Conference Proceedings (Arlington, Virginia, May 31-June 3, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These proceedings report the efforts of National Science Foundation researchers to disseminate innovations in undergraduate education. Section 1 contains forewords and keynote addresses by Robert F. Watson, Neal F. Lane, and Luther S. Williams. Section 2 contains overviews on dissemination and publishing including "Full-Scale Implementation: The…

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Directorate for Education and Human Resources.

243

Coming to Know within "Healthy Uncertainty": An Autoethnography of Engagement and Transformation in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is an autoenthnographic account of the yearlong journey of two undergraduates and their instructor when the traditional classroom structures associated with the banking concept of education were altered in an upper division class and follow-on research experiences. These changes focused on foregrounding students' experiences of the…

Forrest, Kelly A.; Judd, Kathy R.; Davison, Jodi R.

2012-01-01

244

Transforming Undergraduate Science Teaching: Social Constructivist Perspectives. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book comes at a time when epistemological reform is sweeping through the global community of science education. Since the 1970s, the theories of knowing embodied in the teaching activities of school science teachers have been undergoing a major transformation toward more learner-sensitive standpoints. Undergraduate science teaching however,…

Taylor, Peter C., Ed.; Gilmer, Penny J., Ed.; Tobin, Kenneth, Ed.

245

What Entrepreneurial Competencies should be emphasized in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Education at the Undergraduate Level?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important first step toward competency-based education in the entrepreneurship discipline is the identification of relevant entrepreneurial competencies to be instilled in undergraduate students. We approached this issue by examining the opinions of entrepreneurs and academics experts in the entre- preneurship field. Two surveys were administered, one to Ecuadorian entrepreneurs and the other to academics from several countries in order

Edgar Izquierdo

246

How to Strengthen the Connection between Research and Teaching in Undergraduate University Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores how to strengthen the research-teaching nexus in university education, in particular, how to improve the relation between policy and practice. The focus is on courses and curricula for undergraduate students. From a review of policy documents and research literature, it appeared that the research-teaching nexus can be shaped…

Elsen, Mariken (G.MF.); Visser-Wijnveen, Gerda J.; Van Der Rijst, Roeland M.; Van Driel, Jan H.

2009-01-01

247

Going from lectures to expeditions: Creating a virtual voyage in undergraduate ocean science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The WWW provides for new collaborations in distributed learning in higher education. The lead author has developed a highly successful online course at the undergraduate level with an enrollment of more than 300 non-science majors each year, We are currently initiating a new focus for the course by emphasizing sea-going research, primarily in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, through the development

D. Reed; N. Garfield; J. Locke; J. Anglin; H. Karl; B. Edwards

2003-01-01

248

Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education: A Call to Action Presentation to Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience, July 2011  

PubMed Central

The biology of the 21st century requires a revolution in teaching that corresponds to the revolution that the discipline experienced in the last decades of the 20th century. Consensus is not a tradition in the many disparate subdisciplines that constitute modern biology, but the demands of effective instruction prompted an unprecedented series of conversations among all the stakeholders of undergraduate biology education. A culminating conference resulted in consensus on both the form and substance of modern biology courses: They should emphasize repeatedly five core concepts and six core competencies in a student-centered, inquiry-driven pedagogy modeled on a number of “best practices.” The conference report can serve as a guide to individual faculty members, departments, and institutions seeking to reform their teaching practices.

Ledbetter, Mary Lee S.

2012-01-01

249

Shifting the clinical teaching paradigm in undergraduate nursing education to address the nursing faculty shortage.  

PubMed

To address the faculty shortage problem, schools of nursing are reexamining how they provide clinical education to undergraduate students to find ways to use faculty resources more efficiently and to maintain student enrollment. We describe a unique clinical teaching model implemented at the New York University College of Nursing. The new model currently being evaluated shifts from the traditional clinical education model, in which all clinical education is in a hospital or agency setting, to a model that substitutes high-fidelity human patient simulation for up to half of the clinical education experience. This article describes the clinical teaching model and its effects on nurse faculty capacity. PMID:22320176

Richardson, Hila; Gilmartin, Mattia J; Fulmer, Terry

2012-02-10

250

Orthodontic undergraduate education: developments in a modern curriculum.  

PubMed

This paper explores some modern concepts of teaching and learning, including cognitive theory, the zone of proximal development, constructivism, andragogy and learning styles and describes how they have informed the development of an undergraduate orthodontic curriculum. The changes described include student-centred learning, guided self-learning, and the incorporation of problem-based learning concepts. The details of the problem-based learning programme are described together with results of student feedback on the change in teaching and learning style. PMID:11975666

Chadwick, Stephen M; Bearn, David R; Jack, Alan C; O'Brien, Kevin D

2002-05-01

251

A distribution engineering workstation for undergraduate and graduate education  

SciTech Connect

The Distribution Analysis and Economic Evaluation Workstation (DANE) provides students with an open architecture, computer aided engineering workstation environment for distribution system application program development and engineering studies. DANE is conceptually divided into four parts which are a relational database, graphical user interface, an application programmer interface, and applications used for analysis, design, and operational studies. Existing code has been developed with the help of several MS and PhD students. The code consists of C language with Embedded Structure Query Language statements. DANE is used in undergraduate design projects and graduate research.

Broadwater, R.P.; Rahman, S.; Shaalan, H.E. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Bradley Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Lee, R.E. (Pennsylvania Power and Light, Allentown, PA (United States))

1993-11-01

252

Sex Education Knowledge Differences between Freshmen and Senior College Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Abstinence sexuality education (sex ed) is the only federally funded sex ed in the United States. The strict curriculum of this education does not educate American adolescents about safer sex practices and leaves a knowledge gap in these adolescents that follows them into college. The Problem: This project aimed to identify sex knowledge…

Franklin, Ruth M.; Dotger, Sharon

2011-01-01

253

Undergraduate IT Distance Education Using Videoconferencing and Internet Technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher educational institutions have successfully utilised videoconferencing for distance education. South African higher educational institutions are experiencing staff shortages and certain institutions do not have the lecturing staff available to teach the students enrolled for Information Communication Technology (ICT) courses. In South Africa certain universities have been classified as being \\

A. P. Calitz; C. B. Cilliers; J. H. Greyling

2006-01-01

254

Administration and Orientation of Undergraduate Journalism Education: Variables Affecting "Best Fit" between Higher Education Institutions and Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper addresses different perspectives on the best administrative "home" for undergraduate journalism education, from administrative and curriculum perspectives. The paper begins by reviewing the history of journalism as a college discipline--showing that even from its earliest years, the founders of the field disagreed on administrative and…

Swanson, Douglas J.

255

What should doctors know about cancer? Undergraduate medical education from a societal perspective.  

PubMed

Cancer is a major health problem, but medical undergraduate education about cancer leaves many practitioners ill-prepared. All practitioners need some knowledge of cancer. Those practising in rural areas might need more knowledge because of their isolation from tertiary services. We review the need for cancer education from the perspective of patients and clinicians, and examine the cancer-knowledge skills and attitudes of medical undergraduates. Patients with cancer expect their family practitioner to be knowledgeable enough to act as their advocate and to be able to interpret for them the complex array of tests and treatments that they could face. Many oncologists think that they do not have adequate access to students because of entrenched attitudes within universities that aim to protect established teaching programmes and leave little room to adapt teaching to the changing needs of society. Surveys of medical undergraduates have shown that, over the past decade, students have less contact with patients and retain some misconceptions about cancer. To deliver appropriate standards of cancer teaching, an undergraduate programme should incorporate a national or international standard curriculum and a minimum number of essential experiences. Because assessment drives education, students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes relating to cancer should be assessed, and the outcomes of such assessment should inform the curriculum. PMID:16814211

Barton, Michael B; Bell, Pamela; Sabesan, Sabe; Koczwara, Bogda

2006-07-01

256

The longitudinal curriculum "social and communicative competencies" within Bologna-reformed undergraduate medical education in Basel.  

PubMed

Background: Within the Bologna reform, a longitudinal curriculum of "social and communicative competencies" (SOKO) was implemented into the new Bachelor-Master structure of undergraduate medical education in Basel (Switzerland). Project description: The aim of the SOKO curriculum is to enable students to use techniques of patient-centred communication to elicit and provide information to patients in order to involve them as informed partners in decision making processes. The SOKO curriculum consists of 57 lessons for the individual student from the first bachelor year to the first master year. Teaching encompasses lectures and small group learning. Didactic methods include role play, video feedback, and consultations with simulated and real patients. Summative assessment takes place in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE). Conclusion: In Basel, a longitudinal SOKO curriculum based on students' cumulative learning was successfully implemented. Goals and contents were coordinated with the remaining curriculum and are regularly assessed in OSCEs. At present, most of the workload rests on the shoulders of the department of psychosomatic medicine at the university hospital. For the curriculum to be successful in the long-term, sustainable structures need to be instituted at the medical faculty and the university hospital to guarantee high quality teaching and assessment. PMID:24062811

Kiessling, Claudia; Langewitz, Wolf

2013-08-15

257

The longitudinal curriculum "social and communicative competencies" within Bologna-reformed undergraduate medical education in Basel  

PubMed Central

Background: Within the Bologna reform, a longitudinal curriculum of “social and communicative competencies” (SOKO) was implemented into the new Bachelor-Master structure of undergraduate medical education in Basel (Switzerland). Project description: The aim of the SOKO curriculum is to enable students to use techniques of patient-centred communication to elicit and provide information to patients in order to involve them as informed partners in decision making processes. The SOKO curriculum consists of 57 lessons for the individual student from the first bachelor year to the first master year. Teaching encompasses lectures and small group learning. Didactic methods include role play, video feedback, and consultations with simulated and real patients. Summative assessment takes place in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE). Conclusion: In Basel, a longitudinal SOKO curriculum based on students’ cumulative learning was successfully implemented. Goals and contents were coordinated with the remaining curriculum and are regularly assessed in OSCEs. At present, most of the workload rests on the shoulders of the department of psychosomatic medicine at the university hospital. For the curriculum to be successful in the long-term, sustainable structures need to be instituted at the medical faculty and the university hospital to guarantee high quality teaching and assessment.

Kiessling, Claudia; Langewitz, Wolf

2013-01-01

258

Status of Federal Agency Support for K-12 and Undergraduate Math/Science Education Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation will review recent trends in Federal support for K-12 and undergraduate math/science education programs. The status and key features of current math/science education initiatives, by Federal agency, will be presented specifically including opportunities for science teachers to participate in research internships or related programs at Federal and university research laboratories. Agencies which will be covered in this presentation include the National Science Foundation, NASA, the Department of Energy, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency, and the Defense research agencies. Cross-agency initiatives in math/science education will be highlighted including the potential for new K-12 and undergraduate science initiatives developing from the recently enacted National Oceanic Partnership legislation administered by the Office of Naval Research and involving nine Federal research agencies.

Stephens, Richard

1997-04-01

259

Inquiry-based Learning and Digital Libraries in Undergraduate Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe robust rationales for integrating inquiry-based learning into undergraduate science education, and to propose that digital libraries are potentially powerful technological tools that can support inquiry-based learning goals in undergraduate science courses. Overviews of constructivism and situated cognition are provided with regard to how these two theoretical perspectives have influenced current science education reform movements, especially those that involve inquiry-based learning. The role that digital libraries can play in inquiry-based learning environments is discussed. Finally, the importance of alignment among critical pedagogical dimensions of an inquiry-based pedagogical framework is stressed in the paper, and an example of how this can be done is presented using earth science education as a context.

Apedoe, Xornam S.; Reeves, Thomas C.

2006-12-01

260

Crossing over: An undergraduate service learning project that connects to biotechnology education in secondary schools.  

PubMed

The importance of engaging students in science and helping them to become informed citizens has been highlighted by many groups invested in science education. This report describes a project that furthers both academic and civic goals through the integration of a service learning component into an undergraduate course. This nonmajors class covers the biology underlying the use of genetic information in today's society and provides students with the opportunity to discuss related ethical and political issues. The service learning project itself involved the creation of instructional materials dealing with the above topics and issues for use in local secondary school classrooms. Students developed materials in a digital media format to allow for revision in response to peer and community feedback. Outcomes of this pilot project suggest benefits to undergraduates as well as high school educators and students. Interdisciplinary collaborations and local educational partnerships have also been developed and strengthened through this work. PMID:21591184

Hark, Amy T

2008-03-01

261

Evaluating dedicated education units for clinical education quality.  

PubMed

Dedicated education units (DEUs) have emerged as an important clinical education innovation within academic practice partnerships. However, rigorous evaluation has not been conducted previously. This article presents findings from a randomized, controlled, multiyear, multisite study comparing the clinical education quality for students educated in either the DEU innovation or traditional clinical education model within the same nursing course. The evaluation occurred within a larger study focusing on teaching capacity, faculty work life, and educational quality at one large, urban university collaborating with three agency partners. To examine learning outcomes, the question posed was, "In what ways, if any, does the DEU intervention, when compared to traditional clinical education, enhance educational quality?" Results indicate that educational quality and learning gains are significantly more positive for students clinically instructed in DEUs. Findings will be of interest to education and practice leaders seeking to enhance the quality of clinical teaching, learning, and nursing practice. [J Nurs Educ. 2013;52(11):606-614.]. PMID:24127181

Mulready-Shick, Joann; Flanagan, Kathleen M; Banister, Gaurdia E; Mylott, Laura; Curtin, Linda J

2013-10-14

262

A Comparison of Graduate and Undergraduate Teacher Education Students' Perceptions of Their Instructors' Use of "Microsoft PowerPoint"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explored the perceptions of 304 teacher education students regarding how effectively and meaningfully their instructors use the "Microsoft PowerPoint" presentation software program in their teaching and compared graduate and undergraduate students' perceptions to determine the extent to which graduate and undergraduate teacher…

Yilmazel-Sahin, Yesim

2009-01-01

263

Analyzing the Attitude of Undergraduate Students toward Poverty and Impoverished Persons: Does Social Work Education Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated the impact that undergraduate social work education had on students' attitude toward poverty as pretest and posttest data were collected from 166 university students enrolled in an undergraduate social work course that included a focus on poverty. At both stages of the study participants responded to a 37-item validated…

Weaver, Robert D.; Yun, Sung Hyun

2011-01-01

264

Use and Users of Digital Resources: A Focus on Undergraduate Education in the Humanities and Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of our research was (1) to map the universe of digital resources available to a subset of undergraduate educators in the humanities and social sciences, and (2) to investigate how and if available digital resources are actually being used in undergraduate teaching environments. We employed multiple methods, including surveys and focus…

Harley, Diane; Henke, Johnathan; Lawrence, Shannon; Miller, Ian; Perciali, Irene; Nasatir, David

2006-01-01

265

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

266

The National Perspective: Fostering the Enhancement of STEM Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investments of federal agencies in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education are aimed at a single core question: How can educators ensure that the United States will have a well-prepared and innovative science and technology workforce in an era of increasing global competition? As the exploration of what this entails…

Ramaley, Judith A.

2009-01-01

267

Nursing informatics education in the United States: proposed undergraduate curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing informatics education is undergoing dramatic change as nursing informatics skills and knowledge expand and roles in practice proliferate. In the United States, Federal government initiatives and the activities of national nursing organizations are moving nursing informatics forward in preparation for the new millennium. This paper presents a history of nursing informatics education in the US, as it has emerged

B. J. McNeil; S. K. Odom

2000-01-01

268

Essential Psychopharmacologic Information for Undergraduate Human Service Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In mental health settings, human service education students may participate in the administration, recording, and monitoring of prescribed psychoactive medications. This paper reviews three common groups of psychiatric medications, focusing on clinical applications, central effects, and how human service education students can assist in their…

Taylor, Daniel

2002-01-01

269

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

270

Premises Of The Quality Management In Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the concept of quality, in general and the manner in which it is perceived in education. For the educational process, quality is not produced exclusively by school, as a provider of educational services, but by the beneficiaries and the purchasers of education.

Maria Bu?e

2010-01-01

271

Scaling-up Undergraduate Medical Education: Enabling Virtual Mobility by Online Elective Courses  

PubMed Central

Aim To evaluate online elective courses at Croatian medical schools with respect to the virtual mobility of national teachers and students and virtual team collaboration. Methods A student-centered virtual learning environment developed within the framework of the European Union Tempus Programme allowed national educational services to design and deliver online undergraduate elective courses. Three online elective courses were created for second-year medical students of four Croatian medical schools by using Moodle, an open-source learning management system. The courses supported problem-, project-, and decision-based learning and required students to work in small collaborative teams using problem-solving and decision-making activities. The purpose was to foster teamwork and produce better outcomes than those potentially achieved through individual work. We evaluated the results of these online courses on the basis of the course test results and students’ evaluation questionnaires. Results Of 68 students enrolled in all e-courses, 97% (n?=?66) successfully passed the final exam. An anonymous online questionnaire was filled out by 83% (n?=?50) of the students. The majority expressed their satisfaction with the online electives, mostly because they had more contact with tutors and peers (n?=?47), better possibilities of self-assessment (n?=?38), more flexible learning (n?=?33), better access to learning materials (n?=?32), faster and easier information retrieval (n?=?31), and better quality of communication with tutors and peers (n?=?28). Although 38 of 50 students claimed that participating in e-courses was more demanding than participating in traditional electives, more than half (n?=?27) would enroll in an e-course again. Conclusion Elective e-courses may be a successful model of how faculty and students at higher education institutions can collaborate and integrate e-learning into their current curricula.

Kukolja Taradi, Suncana; ?ogas, Zoran; Dabic, Marina; Drenjancevic Peric, Ines

2008-01-01

272

The Undergraduate Medical Education for the 21st Century (UME-21) project: the Federal Government perspective.  

PubMed

The Undergraduate Medical Education for the 21st Century (UME-21) project was implemented by the Division of Medicine, Bureau of Health Professions, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to encourage medical schools to collaborate with managed care organizations and others. The purpose of the collaboration was to ensure that medical students are prepared to provide quality patient care and manage that care in an integrated health care system in which the cost of care and use of empirically justified care are important elements. The UME-21 project represents a continuation of HRSA's interest in the managed care arena. The UME-21 project involved the collaboration of eight partner schools and 10 associate partner schools, together with 50 external partners, to develop innovative curricula that integrated UME-21 content from nine special areas as learning objectives. This project demonstrated that concerted efforts by the leadership in medical education can bring about innovative change in medical school curricula. It ís also demonstrated that faculty of the three primary care disciplines of family medicine, general internal medicine, and general pediatrics were able to cooperate to accomplish such change by working together to allocate clerkship time and content. An important lesson learned in this project was that significant innovations in medical school curricula could be accomplished with a broadbased commitment and involvement of both faculties across the three primary care disciplines and top administrative officials of the medical school. It is uncertain, however, if the innovations achieved will produce further changes or if those changes achieved can be sustained without continued funding. PMID:14961398

Bazell, Carol; Davis, Howard; Glass, Jerilyn; Rodak, John; Bastacky, Stanford M

2004-01-01

273

Where should special attention be paid in undergraduate medical education? Two surveys among Finnish physicians.  

PubMed

The study focuses on Finnish doctors' views of their undergraduate medical education. In 1988, a study (Junior Physician 88 Study) involving all the doctors registered during the years 1977-1986 in Finland (n = 5208) was carried out. A questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 2632 doctors, and after two mailings 1745 questionnaires (66.3%) were returned. A total of 1334 gave at least one answer to the question: 'Where should special attention be paid in undergraduate medical education?' Five years later, in 1993, another study (Physician 93 Study) involving all medical doctors registered in Finland during the years 1982-1991 (n = 4671) was carried out. The same questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 2332 doctors, and after two reminders 1818 questionnaires (78.0%) were returned, and 1228 doctors also answered the open-ended question. Content analysis was used to analyse the answers qualitatively and quantitatively. About 90% of the answers could be classified into two main categories: practical skills and evaluation of subjects. The most common proposal for the improvement of undergraduate medical education was that the practical skills needed in general practice should be taught. More education in administration and health economics was also desired. Respondents said that preclinical and clinical studies should be more closely integrated. In answers to the open question, the course in public health was strongly criticized for being too theoretical. Learning of the core knowledge for medical practice was considered essential. PMID:8736186

Hyppölä, H; Kumpusalo, E; Neittaanmäki, L; Mattila, K; Virjo, I; Kujala, S; Luhtala, R; Halila, H; Isokoski, M

1996-01-01

274

[Increase of attractiveness of primary care during undergraduate medical education].  

PubMed

The importance of primary care in medical education is recognized internationally. This medical speciality offers a lot of different and attractive aspects. Beyond the milestones of primary care in medical education is the teaching of medical assessment, skills and practical approach. Thus, primary care will get more interesting and attractive. In medical education, primary care should be thought mainly through clerkships, courses and tutorials. Clerkships should be offered during the whole period of medical school. For medical students, GP surgery should become a «place for apprenticeship». Innovative teaching methods like courses with simulated patients and blended learning, may increase the attractivity. Preceptors must be aware of their function as role models. PMID:23485754

Schaufelberger, Mireille

2013-03-13

275

Who Wants to Be a Physical Education Teacher? A Case Study of a Non-Traditional Undergraduate Student in a Physical Education Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Forty percent of undergraduate students are non-traditional students. The purpose of this study was to identify what attracted the participant to physical education, identify what situational/social factors facilitated the career choice, and the beliefs of the participant about what it meant to be a physical educator. The study consisted of one…

Ronspies, Scott

2011-01-01

276

Foundations of Education for Undergraduates: When and Why?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Author feels that study in the foundations area should bring the student's previous learnings in the social sciences, history, and philosophy together and bring them to bear on current educational problems. (GB)|

Birkel, Lane F.

1974-01-01

277

Evaluating Undergraduate Education: The Use of Broad Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the extent to which broad indicators of performance could be used for university program improvement. A survey of 356 graduates of a Canadian research university found perceived teaching quality contributed significantly to ratings of overall academic program quality. The most frequently mentioned meaningful feature was…

Donald, Janet G.; Denison, D. Brian

1996-01-01

278

Delivering Quality in Vocational Education. New Developments in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book addresses the issue of quality in vocational education in the United Kingdom. Part 1 explores the concept of quality in relation to vocational education and discusses the managerial and industrial perspectives on quality. Included in Part 2, which examines quality in the context of students as clients, are the following articles:…

Muller, Dave; Funnell, Peter

279

Undergraduate Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The undergraduate social work curriculum with its requirement of research content is well-positioned to enhance student capacity and practice effectiveness. Research content should move far beyond the conventional thinking as necessary but not critically important at the undergraduate level, to discussions of knowledge enhancement for practice and preparation for advanced education. This article suggests the directions for further thought and

Julia M. Watkins

2007-01-01

280

Mini skirts and headscarves: undergraduate student perceptions of secularism in Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish\\u000a state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education\\u000a sector. The study further illuminates these students’ perspectives of how the university may change in relation to their understanding\\u000a of secularism. This inquiry was

Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela; Fatma Nevra Seggie

2008-01-01

281

Attitudes of undergraduate majors in elementary education toward mathematics through a hands-on manipulative approach.  

PubMed

Using a manipulative approach in a mathematics course, this study was designed to assess attitudes toward mathematics of undergraduates in elementary education. A 20-item attitude rating administered as pre- and posttest to 95 students (7 men and 88 women) was used to assess the effect of the hands-on approach. A dependent t test indicated a statistically significant but very small change in their ratings. PMID:11883589

Alkhateeb, Haitham M

2002-02-01

282

The impact of commercial computer software on undergraduate engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personal computers running with Intel 80286, 80386, 80486 and Pentium microprocessors, and those based on the Motorola 68000 line of microprocessors enjoy the lion's share of the home computer market. These are respectively IBM and compatible PCs, and the Apple computers. The dominance of these PCs in homes and in educational institutions-from as early as kindergarten through high school to

Clarence N. Obiozor

1995-01-01

283

Undergraduate Medical Education Accreditation as a Driver of Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We describe the accreditation of medical education programs that lead to the Doctor of Medicine degree in the United States and Canada. We identify select accreditation standards that relate directly to the preparation of medical school graduates, as required for the supervised practice of medicine in residency training and for developing the…

Simon, Frank A.; Aschenbrener, Carol A.

2005-01-01

284

Undergraduate Statistics Education and the National Science Foundation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes 25 National Science Foundation supported projects that have innovations designed to improve education for students majoring or minoring in statistics. The characteristics of these projects and the common themes which emerge are compared with the American Statistical Association's (ASA) guidelines for developing statistics…

Hall, Megan R.; Rowell, Ginger Holmes

2008-01-01

285

"Caenorhabditis Elegans" as an Undergraduate Educational Tool for Teaching RNAi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discovery of RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) is widely recognized as one of the most significant molecular biology breakthroughs in the past 10 years. There is a need for science educators to develop teaching tools and laboratory activities that demonstrate the power of this new technology and help students to better understand the RNAi process.…

Andersen, Janet; Krichevsky, Alexander; Leheste, Joerg R.; Moloney, Daniel J.

2008-01-01

286

A Transformative Model for Undergraduate Quantitative Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "BIO2010" report recommended that students in the life sciences receive a more rigorous education in mathematics and physical sciences. The University of Delaware approached this problem by (1) developing a bio-calculus section of a standard calculus course, (2) embedding quantitative activities into existing biology courses, and (3) creating…

Usher, David C.; Driscoll, Tobin A.; Dhurjati, Prasad; Pelesko, John A.; Rossi, Louis F.; Schleiniger, Gilberto; Pusecker, Kathleen; White, Harold B.

2010-01-01

287

Emerging areas in undergraduate computer science education: panel discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Change is constant, especially in Computer Science. The discipline continues to reinvent itself every 5-7 years. As Computer Science educators, it is in our best interest to look ahead and see how we can modify our curriculum and prepare our students for these changes. Emerging areas today include computer and network security, information assurance, robotics, bioinformatics, animation, game programming, web

Linda Wilkens; Bina Ramamurthy; Michael Olan; Amruth N. Kumar; Kathleen Harmeyer; Lawrence D'antonio

2005-01-01

288

Undergraduate Statistics Education and the National Science Foundation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes 25 National Science Foundation supported projects that have innovations designed to improve education for students majoring or minoring in statistics. The characteristics of these projects and the common themes which emerge are compared with the American Statistical Association's (ASA) guidelines for developing statistics…

Hall, Megan R.; Rowell, Ginger Holmes

2008-01-01

289

Curriculum structure, content, learning and assessment in European undergraduate dental education - update 2010.  

PubMed

This paper presents an updated statement on behalf of the Association for Dental Education in Europe (ADEE) in relation to proposals for undergraduate Curriculum Structure, Content, Learning, Assessment and Student / Staff Exchange for dental education in Europe. A task force was constituted to consider these issues and the two previous, related publications produced by the Association (Plasschaert et al 2006 and 2007) were revised. The broad European dental community was circulated and contributed to the revisions. The paper was approved at the General Assembly of ADEE, held in Amsterdam in August 2010 and will be updated again in 2015. PMID:21762317

Manogue, M; McLoughlin, J; Christersson, C; Delap, E; Lindh, C; Schoonheim-Klein, M; Plasschaert, A

2011-08-01

290

What Is Undergraduate Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Council on Undergraduate Research promotes and assists development of collaborative student\\/faculty research at primarily undergraduate colleges and universities. Most science educators today accept such research as a critical component of an undergraduate science education. Research provides the primary opportunity for students to engage in the practice of science. We can draw an analogy between sports training and the education

Judith A. Halstead

1997-01-01

291

Campania Region's Educational Quality Facilities Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the Educational Quality Facilities project undertaken by Italy's Campania Region to provide quality facilities to all of its communities basing new spaces on the "Flexible Learning Module". The objectives of the five-year project are to: build and equip new educational spaces; improve the quality of existing buildings and…

Ponti, Giorgio

2009-01-01

292

Achieving Quality Learning in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume on quality learning in higher education discusses issues of good practice particularly action learning and Total Quality Management (TQM)-type strategies and illustrates them with seven case studies in Australia and the United Kingdom. Chapter 1 discusses issues and problems in defining quality in higher education. Chapter 2 looks at…

Nightingale, Peggy; O'Neil, Mike

293

Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute of Medicine study Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) recommended that an interdisciplinary summit be held to further reform of health professions education in order to enhance quality and patient safety. Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality is the follow up to that summit, held in June 2002, where 150 participants across…

Greiner, Ann C., Ed.; Knebel, Elisa, Ed.

2003-01-01

294

Integration of physics and biology: synergistic undergraduate education for the 21st century.  

PubMed

This is an exciting time to be a biologist. The advances in our field and the many opportunities to expand our horizons through interaction with other disciplines are intellectually stimulating. This is as true for people tasked with helping the field move forward through support of research and education projects that serve the nation's needs as for those carrying out that research and educating the next generation of biologists. So, it is a pleasure to contribute to this edition of CBE-Life Sciences Education. This column will cover three aspects of the interactions of physics and biology as seen from the viewpoint of four members of the Division of Undergraduate Education of the National Science Foundation. The first section places the material to follow in context. The second reviews some of the many interdisciplinary physics-biology projects we support. The third highlights mechanisms available for supporting new physics-biology undergraduate education projects based on ideas that arise, focusing on those needing and warranting outside support to come to fruition. PMID:23737615

Woodin, Terry; Vasaly, Helen; McBride, Duncan; White, Gary

2013-01-01

295

Highlights and Challenges in Education, Outreach, and Undergraduate Mentoring from an NSF Hydrologic Sciences CAREER Award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent CAREER award (2009) has been used to facilitate environmentally-based outreach and education in local urban Los Angeles schools, primarily through an established NSF GK-12 program. Mini-weather stations, purchased through this CAREER award, were installed at two partner GK-12 schools, University High School (LAUSD) and Culver City Middle School (CCUSD). Each system contains an automated data logging system that record continuous observations of a range of variables (including precipitation, UV, temperature, humidity, wind speed, wind direction, dewpoint temperature and pressure). Observations are being downloaded and used by GK-12 Fellows and Teachers in curriculum development. In addition, the PI has worked with the GK-12 fellows in developing water-related inquiry lessons for both middle and high school science curriculum. Specific lessons facilitated during the initial stages of this CAREER award include urban ecosystems and satellite imagery, water quality, stream biota and ecosystem health, water treatment, urban climate and heat index, and soil chemistry testing. All lessons that have been implemented in the middle or high school classrooms are uploaded to the SEE-LA GK-12 website (http://measure.igpp.ucla.edu/GK12-SEE-LA/lessons.html). Examples of lesson development and integration in the classroom setting will be highlighted as well as tools required for sustainability of the projects. In addition to the K-12 outreach activities, the PI has engaged several undergraduates in independent research projects, working on various aspects of the primary research project. Highlights and lessons learned from outreach and mentoring activities will be presented.

Hogue, T. S.

2011-12-01

296

Professional attitudes and behaviors acquired during undergraduate education in the College of Dentistry, King Saud University  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of the study was to investigate and evaluate the professional attitudes and behaviors acquired by students and recently graduated dentists during undergraduate education at King Saud University. Methods This cross-sectional survey used a 27-item questionnaire covering four cumulative theoretical dimensions of professionalism. Questionnaires were distributed to fifth-year students, interns, and demonstrators in the College of Dentistry during the academic year 2010–2011, and 203 completed questionnaires were used in analyses. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize responses. Crosstab and chi-squared tests were used, with statistical significance set at P < 0.05. Results The response rate was 79.3% (43.6% of males, 94% of females). Eighty-seven questionnaires were collected from fifth-year students, 92 from interns, and 24 from demonstrators. Many (59%) participants demonstrated high levels of professional attitudes and behaviors, whereas 40% did not comply with the elements of professionalism. Analyses revealed highly significant differences in certain responses with regard to gender, academic level, and grade point average. Conclusions Although some participants did not possess all professional qualities, all participants possessed at least some elements of professionalism measured in this study. We thus recommend a strategic effort to develop targeted plans emphasizing professionalism at all levels of the dental school curriculum. High-profile role modeling, lectures, seminars, and academic ceremonies are ways of achieving professional development among dental students in parallel with their acquisition of basic scientific knowledge and clinical skills. This approach will formally and informally communicate that professionalism is a core value.

Al-Sudani, Dina; Al-Abbas, Fatima; Al-Bannawi, Zainab; Al-Ramadhan, Anwaar

2013-01-01

297

Undergraduate dental English education in Japanese dental schools.  

PubMed

Dental schools in Japan are among many worldwide whose medium of instruction is not in English. With advances in science, technology, and communication, the demand for the globalization of professions increases. At present, dental schools in Asia, the Middle East, and Europe have started revising their dental curricula to either include English courses for dentistry or offer a full English dental curriculum. In Japan, dental English courses started to be introduced into curricula in the early 1990s. However, a survey conducted in 1999 found that English courses were not offered in Japan's twenty-nine dental schools and there was no consensus as to what such courses should include or when and how they should be taught. Ten years after that survey, the survey results reported in this article found that the problems reported in the 1999 survey still exist. Additionally, there are still differences among schools offering English courses in terms of the timing and contents of the courses. Since teachers and school officials will have an important role in curriculum development, this article recommends that a fact-finding meeting with educators, school, and education officials be initiated to discuss, develop, and implement a core curriculum for these dental English courses. PMID:23658413

Rodis, Omar M M; Matsumura, Seishi; Kariya, Naoyuki; Nishimura, Michiko; Yoshida, Toshiko

2013-05-01

298

A survey of undergraduate health science students' views on interprofessional education and the use of educational technology: Preliminary analyses and findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the preliminary findings of a project that sought the views of first year undergraduate health science students about interprofessional education (IPE) and how they perceived the interaction between different \\

Brett Williams; Grad Cert ICP; Grad Dip; Emerg Hlth; Tangerine Holt

299

[Undergraduate education of medical technologists to promote scientific and technological literacy].  

PubMed

It is becoming increasingly important for today's medical technologists to receive proper training on the safety of medical treatment and healthcare in order to accommodate the rapid changes and advancement in medical technology. In particular, because of the increase of hospital-acquired infections, the role of medical technologists involved in infection control has become much more important. In addition, particularly in Japan, the career options available to students graduating with a degree in medical technology have become much more diverse, ranging from research laboratories to clinical services; however, undergraduate education for medical technologists is limited. It is therefore deemed necessary for undergraduate students to be provided with adequate training from their universities by offering a wider selection of classes in this subject area. In this paper, we summarize our preliminary findings on the trial lessons that are offered to medical technology students in their microbiology class. These lessons are designed to enhance students' academic potential and to engage their interest. PMID:20715516

Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Akizawa, Hirotsugu

2010-07-01

300

Dual degree partnership in nursing: an innovative undergraduate educational model.  

PubMed

We report the success of a unique articulation Dual Degree Partnership in Nursing (DDPN) model. The process used to establish and implement this approach is described. Unlike typical 2+2 agreements between associate degree (AD) and bachelor degree (BS) nursing education programs, the DDPN is designed with a 1+2+1 sequence. Intended to attract high school students, this model provides the opportunity to earn two degrees (AD and BS) while experiencing a 4-year campus living and learning environment. This configuration was accomplished without compromising the integrity of either of the established programs. After collecting data over the past 6 years, this model demonstrates popularity with the traditional-aged student, as well as success from an academic perspective. Statistics on retention, graduation, and NCLEX® pass rates indicate the feasibility and success of the model. Based on the findings, the potential for replication is promising for other colleges interested in a similar collaboration. PMID:22909040

Bastable, Susan B; Markowitz, Marianne

2012-08-20

301

Patient confidentiality: implications for teaching in undergraduate medical education.  

PubMed

Respect for patient confidentiality is one of the core concepts of professionalism and should have high priority in medical education. Confidentiality should be introduced early in the curriculum so that students understand their ethical, professional, and legal obligations throughout their medical studies and later professional career. Anatomists have important opportunities for teaching professional values including confidentiality and should be major contributors to a multidisciplinary teaching on professionalism. Students should make a formal commitment to and be assessed on patient confidentiality in the context of professionalism. A Faculty development program on confidentiality and data protection will inform and support teachers in delivering these objectives. It is recommended that medical schools have a policy on patient confidentiality and a disciplinary procedure for the management of students who breach patient confidentiality. PMID:16683240

Graham, Helen J

2006-07-01

302

Development of an Audit Method to Assess the Prevalence of the ACGME’s General Competencies in an Undergraduate Medical Education Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite the use of competency-based frameworks to evaluate physicians, the role of competency-based objectives in undergraduate medical education remains uncertain. Purpose: By use of an audit methodology, we sought to determine how the six Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies, conceptualized as educational domains, would map onto an undergraduate medical curriculum. Methods: Standardized audit forms listing required

Christopher J. Mooney; Stephen J. Lurie; Jeffrey M. Lyness; David R. Lambert; David S. Guzick

2010-01-01

303

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in Sci Educ 84:287â312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in Sci Educ 87(1):112â143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective, and perhaps even counter-productive towards promoting normative scientific ideas (cf. Kirschner et al. in Educ Psychol 41(2):75â86, 2006; Settlage in J Sci Teach Educ 18:461â467, 2007). One of the challenges in informing the debate on this issue is the scarcity of well-documented courses that engage students in open-inquiry characteristic of scientific research. This paper describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of such a course for undergraduates planning on becoming elementary teachers. The goal of the class was to immerse future teachers in authentic, open-inquiry (without specific learning goals related to scientific concepts) in hopes that students would come away with a deeper understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and improved attitudes towards science. Data collected from a variety of sources indicate that an authentic, open-inquiry experience is feasible to implement in an undergraduate setting, gives students a more sophisticated NOS understanding, improves studentsâ attitudes towards science and open-inquiry, and changes the way they intend to teach science in their future classrooms.

Salter, Irene Y.; Atkins, Leslie J.

2013-08-21

304

Recently Certified Athletic Trainers' Undergraduate Educational Preparation in Psychosocial Intervention and Referral  

PubMed Central

Context: “Psychosocial Intervention and Referral” is one of the 12 content areas established by the National Athletic Trainers' Association Education Council and is required to be taught in athletic training education programs (ATEPs). The perceived preparation of athletic trainers (ATs) in this content area has not been evaluated. Objective: To explore the preparation level of recently certified ATs within the content area of “Psychosocial Intervention and Referral.” Design: Qualitative design involving semistructured, in-depth, focus group interviews. Setting: Interviews were conducted at 2 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions in 2 regions of the United States. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 11 recently certified ATs who met predetermined criteria were recruited. The ATs represented a range of undergraduate ATEPs and current employment settings. Data Collection and Analysis: Focus group interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed deductively. Peer debriefing and member checks were used to ensure trustworthiness. Results: The ATEPs are doing an adequate job of preparing ATs for many common communication and interpersonal issues, but ATs report being underprepared to deal with athlete-related issues in the areas of motivation and adherence, counseling and social support, mental skills training, and psychosocial referral. Conclusions: Limitations of undergraduate ATEPs regarding preparation of athletic training students within the “Psychosocial Intervention and Referral” content area were identified, with the goal of improving athletic training education. The more we know about the issues that entry-level ATs face, the more effectively we can structure athletic training education.

Stiller-Ostrowski, Jennifer Lynn; Ostrowski, John A

2009-01-01

305

Trends in Study Methods Used in Undergraduate Medical Education Research, 1969-2007  

PubMed Central

Context Evidence-based medical education requires rigorous studies appraising educational efficacy. Objectives To assess trends over time in methods used to evaluate undergraduate medical education interventions and to identify whether participation of medical education departments or centers is associated with more rigorous methods. Data Sources The PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, Campbell Collaboration, and ERIC databases (January 1966–March 2007) were searched using terms equivalent to students, medical and education, medical crossed with all relevant study designs. Study Selection We selected publications in all languages from every fifth year, plus the most recent 12 months, that evaluated an educational intervention for undergraduate medical students. Four hundred seventy-two publications met criteria for review. Data Extraction Data were abstracted on number of participants; types of comparison groups; whether outcomes assessed were objective, subjective, and/or validated; timing of outcome assessments; funding; and participation of medical education departments and centers. Ten percent of publications were independently abstracted by 2 authors to assess validity of the data abstraction. Results The annual number of publications increased over time from 1 (1969–1970) to 147 (2006–2007). In the most recent year, there was a mean of 145 medical student participants; 9 (6%) recruited participants from multiple institutions; 80 (54%) used comparison groups; 37 (25%) used randomized control groups; 91 (62%) had objective outcomes; 23 (16%) had validated outcomes; 35 (24%) assessed an outcome more than 1 month later; 21 (14%) estimated statistical power; and 66 (45%) reported funding. In 2006–2007, medical education department or center participation, reported in 46 (31%) of the recent publications, was associated only with enrolling more medical student participants (P = .04); for all studies from 1969 to 2007, it was associated only with measuring an objective outcome (P = .048). Between 1969 and 2007, the percentage of publications reporting statistical power and funding increased; percentages did not change for other study features. Conclusions The annual number of published studies of undergraduate medical education interventions demonstrating methodological rigor has been increasing. However, considerable opportunities for improvement remain.

Baernstein, Amy; Liss, Hillary K.; Carney, Patricia A.; Elmore, Joann G.

2011-01-01

306

Chinese Undergraduate Students' Work Values: The Role of Parental Work Experience and Part-Time Work Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the authors investigated the association of perceived parental job insecurity and students' part-time work quality on work values among 341 Hong Kong Chinese undergraduate students. Correlation and regression results showed that work values were strongly related to students' part-time work satisfaction and work quality. In…

Cheung, Francis Yue-lok; Tang, Catherine So-kum

2012-01-01

307

The Wretched Refuse of a Teeming Shore? A Critical Examination of the Quality of Undergraduate Marketing Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What is the quality of students attracted to the marketing major relative to other business majors? Although some anecdotal evidence suggests that undergraduate marketing students are less quantitatively oriented, there has been no comprehensive assessment of the overall quality of marketing students relative to other business students. Using a…

Aggarwal, Praveen; Vaidyanathan, Rajiv; Rochford, Linda

2007-01-01

308

Chinese Undergraduate Students' Work Values: The Role of Parental Work Experience and Part-Time Work Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the authors investigated the association of perceived parental job insecurity and students' part-time work quality on work values among 341 Hong Kong Chinese undergraduate students. Correlation and regression results showed that work values were strongly related to students' part-time work satisfaction and work quality. In…

Cheung, Francis Yue-lok; Tang, Catherine So-kum

2012-01-01

309

Introducing INSPIRE, a scholarly component in undergraduate medical education.  

PubMed

Individualized learning is a fundamental tenet of the Carnegie Foundation's new recommendations for physician training. A primary goal of Mount Sinai School of Medicine's new curriculum is to train self-directed physicians who have mastered lifelong learning skills. The Individual Scholarly Project and Independent Research Experience (INSPIRE) was created to enable fourth-year students to conduct mentored, independent scholarly projects to develop critical thinking skills and intellectual independence. Four students were accepted into the 2008 12-week pilot. Two did clinical research, 1 conducted medical education research, and 1 continued a basic science project. INSPIRE featured weekly sessions in which students shared their progress, heard about the careers of physician-scientists, and participated in presentation skills workshops. Mentors gave feedback using a form based on the program goals. Anonymous evaluations showed that all participants believed their goals were successfully fulfilled, that the likelihood of including research in their careers increased, and that they felt more skilled at writing abstracts and presenting their work orally. Students agreed that INSPIRE was a valuable opportunity for acquiring in-depth knowledge on a topic and building research and presentation skills. Helping students shape an individualized scholarly experience may help to produce doctors who are self-directed, are personally fulfilled, are able to serve society with diverse expertise, and have the tools to become leaders in their fields. PMID:19642153

Zier, Karen; Coplit, Lisa D

2009-08-01

310

A Transformative Model for Undergraduate Quantitative Biology Education  

PubMed Central

The BIO2010 report recommended that students in the life sciences receive a more rigorous education in mathematics and physical sciences. The University of Delaware approached this problem by (1) developing a bio-calculus section of a standard calculus course, (2) embedding quantitative activities into existing biology courses, and (3) creating a new interdisciplinary major, quantitative biology, designed for students interested in solving complex biological problems using advanced mathematical approaches. To develop the bio-calculus sections, the Department of Mathematical Sciences revised its three-semester calculus sequence to include differential equations in the first semester and, rather than using examples traditionally drawn from application domains that are most relevant to engineers, drew models and examples heavily from the life sciences. The curriculum of the B.S. degree in Quantitative Biology was designed to provide students with a solid foundation in biology, chemistry, and mathematics, with an emphasis on preparation for research careers in life sciences. Students in the program take core courses from biology, chemistry, and physics, though mathematics, as the cornerstone of all quantitative sciences, is given particular prominence. Seminars and a capstone course stress how the interplay of mathematics and biology can be used to explain complex biological systems. To initiate these academic changes required the identification of barriers and the implementation of solutions.

Driscoll, Tobin A.; Dhurjati, Prasad; Pelesko, John A.; Rossi, Louis F.; Schleiniger, Gilberto; Pusecker, Kathleen; White, Harold B.

2010-01-01

311

Introducing personal digital assistants to enhance nursing education in undergraduate and graduate nursing programs.  

PubMed

This article describes how a school of nursing implemented an innovative program to introduce personal digital assistants to undergraduate and graduate nursing students. Undergraduate students studying pharmacology and nurse practitioner graduate students in an adult health course were asked to purchase a personal digital assistant privately or through the university bookstore. Faculty selected an appropriate software package. After students were oriented to the hardware and software package, innovative teaching strategies were implemented to help guide students to use their mobile devices to access clinically relevant information. Student feedback about this experience was positive. The most important elements for successful adoption of personal digital assistants are to provide training for both faculty and students, and to develop learning opportunities using the technology. Use of mobile technologies is an important competency that will improve the quality of nursing practice and therefore should be included in nursing curricula. PMID:21210606

Cibulka, Nancy J; Crane-Wider, Lottchen

2010-12-31

312

Undergraduate veterinary education at University College Dublin: a time of change.  

PubMed

The final-year Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine (MVB) class of 2005 were the first cohort of students to complete the new curriculum at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin (UCD). The new curriculum is a fundamental departure from the traditional curriculum that had served the veterinary profession in Ireland over many years. The change was not a precipitate action but the outcome of a prolonged and thorough examination of the realities of veterinary medicine, its science and its art, in the first decade of a new millennium. Over recent decades, rapid and fundamental changes have been witnessed in the economic, cultural, and ethical environment in which the veterinary profession operates, and these changes, coupled with the "information explosion," dictated an examination of the educational paradigm. The new curriculum exposes the first-year class to veterinary information technology and problem-based learning (PBL). In the second year, students are instructed in clinical examination, history taking, and client communication skills, in addition to further exposure to PBL. The third and fourth years are now systems-based, with coordinated input from microbiologists, parasitologists, pathologists, and clinicians in teaching each body system. The first lecture-free final year in the 104-year history of veterinary education in Ireland consists of clinical rotations and a four-week elective pursued within the faculty or at other recognized institutions. Students must also complete a minimum of 24 weeks' extramural studies (EMS). Critically, the development and assessment of all courses in the new undergraduate degree program has been driven by carefully thought out learning outcomes. The new curriculum will provide graduates with the essential knowledge and skills required for entry into the veterinary profession. Society expects these qualities from veterinarians in the interests of the communities they serve during their professional careers. In addition, the curriculum should foster the ability to adapt to changing circumstances, instill the desire and ability to work in teams, and develop life skills. It is hoped that the academic innovations will arouse the intellectual curiosity and commitment to lifelong learning that future graduates will require if they are to retain the confidence of the society in which they work in the future. PMID:16849299

Doherty, Michael L; Jones, Boyd R

2006-01-01

313

UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION IN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES FOR STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES, PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFERENCE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

REPORTED ARE THE PROCEEDINGS OF A 1966 CONFERENCE WHICH DEALT WITH UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS FOR STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES. THE 167 EDUCATORS (MOSTLY DEANS AND DIRECTORS OF RESIDENT INSTRUCTION) WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE CONFERENCE REPRESENTED AGRICULTURE, RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES, THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, AND…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

314

"Tristan Chords and Random Scores": Exploring Undergraduate Students' Experiences of Music in Higher Education through the Lens of Bourdieu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within a theoretical framework drawn from Bourdieu, this article explores the relationship between undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education and their musical backgrounds and prior music education experiences. More critically, this study aims to discover whether ideologies surrounding musical value impact on the student…

Moore, Gwen

2012-01-01

315

The role of medical libraries in undergraduate education: a case study in genetics*  

PubMed Central

Between 1996 and 2001, the Health Science Center Libraries and Department of Zoology at the University of Florida partnered to provide a cohesive and comprehensive learning experience to undergraduate students in PCB3063, “Genetics.” During one semester each year, a librarian worked with up to 120 undergraduates, providing bibliographic and database instruction in the tools that practicing geneticists use (MEDLINE, GenBank, BLAST, etc.). Students learned to evaluate and synthesize the information that they retrieved, coupling it with information provided in classroom lectures, thus resulting in well-researched short papers on an assigned genetics topic. Exit surveys of students indicated that the majority found the library sessions and librarian's instruction to be useful. Responses also indicated that the project facilitated increased understanding of genetics concepts and appreciation for the scientific research process and the relevance of genetics to the real world. The library benefited from this partnership on a variety of fronts, including the development of skilled library users, pretrained future clientele, and increased visibility among campus research laboratories. The course and associated information instruction and assigned projects can be considered models for course-integrated instruction and the role of medical libraries in undergraduate education.

Tennant, Michele R.; Miyamoto, Michael M.

2002-01-01

316

Council on Undergraduate Research on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Council of Undergraduate Research (CUR) is to "support and promote high-quality undergraduate student-faculty collaborative research and scholarship." CUR disseminates some of its work and findings through the Council of Undergraduate Research Quarterly (CURQ) and this site provides access to some of the articles from that publication. Currently, visitors can search past articles back to 2008, and visitors can browse through articles like "Putting Undergraduate Research on the Map for Women," "Peer Mentoring in an Introductory Biology Laboratory," and "Undergraduate Research on Writing: Benefits to Faculty and Curriculum Development." All told, the site provides a cornucopia of articles related to making the undergraduate research experience a bit more meaningful, and educators will find much to enjoy here.

2012-02-06

317

[Quality in hospital nursing care: the view of undergraduate nursing students].  

PubMed

Qualitative study developed in a public university of São Paulo State, Brazil, to identify the conception of quality of hospital nursing care under the perspective of last year undergraduate nursing students. Semi-structured interviews with 24 students were performed to collect the data and the speeches were analyzed according to Bardin's conceptual framework. The central ideas of the speeches were divided into six categories: holism, humanization, technically and scientifically trained team, promotion of self-care, appropriate management of the units and respecting the safety principles in care. It is concluded that students' view regarding the theme is wide; however it is necessary to incorporate important issues to the concept of quality of hospital care, such as the valorization of team work, the systematization of care and the satisfaction of all actors involved in nursing care. PMID:21574339

Gabriel, Carmen Silvia; Gabriel, Andrea Boldrini; Bernardes, Andréa; Rocha, Fernanda Ludmilla Rossi; Miasso, Adriana Inocenti

2010-09-01

318

Quality Assurance in Ontario's Postsecondary Education Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is generally accepted that Canadian postsecondary education enjoys an international reputation for quality. However, Canada does not have an accepted, national framework to understand, measure, or clearly define the actual quality of the postsecondary education sector. In this, Canada is seen as unique when compared with other developed…

Klassen, Tim

2012-01-01

319

Improving the Quality of Military Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly describes the evolution of postsecondary military education programs, focusing on certain quality control problems which reduce the effectiveness of the educational effort made by the Department of Defense. Implementation of a market-oriented response to the quality control problem is proposed as a route to program improvement. (Author/JL)

McQuillen, Charles D.

1982-01-01

320

Striving for Quality Control in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the benefits and drawbacks of distance education and online instruction in higher education focuses on quality control. Topics include quality of product, of learning, and of technology; student prerequisites; instructional design; faculty support systems; and program design, including professional development versus academic degree…

Leh, Amy S. C.; Jobin, Andrianna

2002-01-01

321

Individual Moral Philosophies and Ethical Decision Making of Undergraduate Athletic Training Students and Educators  

PubMed Central

Context: Ethics research in athletic training is lacking. Teaching students technical skills is important, but teaching them how to reason and to behave in a manner that befits responsible health care professionals is equally important. Objective: To expand ethics research in athletic training by (1) describing undergraduate athletic training students' and educators' individual moral philosophies and ethical decision-making abilities and (2) investigating the effects of sex and level of education on mean composite individual moral philosophies and ethical decision-making scores. Design: Stratified, multistage, cluster-sample correlational study. Setting: Mailed survey instruments were distributed in classroom settings at 30 institutions having Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)–accredited athletic training programs. Patients or Other Participants: Undergraduate students and educators (n = 598: 373 women, 225 men; mean age = 23.5 ± 6.3 years) from 25 CAAHEP-accredited athletic training programs. Main Outcome Measure(s): We used the Ethics Position Questionnaire and the Dilemmas in Athletic Training Questionnaire to compute participants' mean composite individual moral philosophies (idealism and relativism) and ethical decision-making scores, respectively. Three separate 2 (sex: male, female) × 3 (education level: underclass, upper class, educator) between-subjects factorial analyses of variance using idealism, relativism, and ethical decision-making scores as dependent measures were performed. Results: Respondents reported higher idealism scores (37.57 ± 4.91) than relativism scores (31.70 ± 4.80) (response rate = 83%). The mean ethical decision-making score for all respondents was 80.76 ± 7.88. No significant interactions were revealed. The main effect for sex illustrated that men reported significantly higher relativism scores ( P = .0014, ? 2 = .015) than did women. The main effect for education level revealed significant differences between students' and educators' idealism ( P = .0190, ? 2 = .013), relativism ( P < .001, ? 2 = .050), and ethical decision-making scores ( P < .001, ? 2 = .027). Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc analysis indicated that educators possessed lower idealism scores (36.90 ± 5.70) and relativism scores (29.92 ± 4.86) and higher ethical decision-making scores (82.98 ± 7.62) than did students. Conclusions: Our findings do not support changes in athletic training ethics education practices to address sex-specific needs. However, when opportunities occur for students to reason using different ethical perspectives, educators should be aware of their students' and their own moral philosophies in order to optimally facilitate professional growth.

Caswell, Shane V; Gould, Trenton E

2008-01-01

322

A Research on the Quality Assessment in Higher Education Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Higher education in many countries has already entered the mass education stage. How to assure the quality of higher education with the limited educational resources is a hot topic. Quality assessment is a useful instrument to help promote the quality of higher education. This paper explores the basic elements of quality assessment and the rewards of quality assessment. Then the

Jin Li

2010-01-01

323

Climate Change: Creating Conditions Conducive to Quality STEM Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an era of global competition and a technology-based economy, it is increasingly important that college students graduate with a solid foundation of knowledge and understanding of science and mathematics. They must be able to use their scientific knowledge on their jobs and in their role as citizens of a society where complex policy and…

Baldwin, Roger G.

2009-01-01

324

Benchmarking the Quality of Education [Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ultimate purpose of education indicators can be described as providing a basis for monitoring the quality of education. Even though the current indicator sets have become quite comprehensive, and there are clear signs of their use in policy-debates, there are still some important aspects in which their impact on educational policy and…

Scheerens, Jaap, Ed.; Hendriks, Maria, Ed.

2004-01-01

325

Computer Security in Undergraduate Computing Curricula: The Challenge of Educating the Next Generation of Information Security Specialists  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computer science educators must prepare and train many more undergraduates in thefield of computer security. In particular, students need extensivehands-on training and education on what I call "the art and science of attack and defense." That means providingcoursework covering the concepts of computer security; but even more importantly, it means providing practical hands on laboratory experiences in which students learn to use varioussecurity tools, defend and (yes) probe systems, investigate and patch flaws, and learn through experience how to defend by a combination of system hardening and intrusion detection. This is a chapter in the Preparing Undergraduates for Research and the Workforce section of the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Andrew T. Phillips (University of WisconsinÃÂEau Claire;)

2004-12-01

326

Scientific education curricular reforms for undergraduate programs of higher education in Puerto Rico: 1995--2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge society requires the acquisition of certain competencies for the development of social capital; some of these competencies are related to the development of a scientific culture. This qualitative research was carried out through a descriptive case study that analyzed, compared and contrasted the curricular reform processes and institutional policies modifications that occurred in undergraduate level programs of two

Zulma M. Pena-Carrion

2008-01-01

327

Increase in medical knowledge during the final year of undergraduate medical education in Germany  

PubMed Central

Aims: In Germany, the final year of undergraduate medical education (‘practice year’) consists of three 16-week clinical attachments, two of which are internal medicine and surgery. Students can choose a specific specialty for their third 16-week attachment. Practice year students do not receive specific teaching to prepare them for the National Licensing Examination. It is unknown whether knowledge levels increase during this year. This study aimed at assessing knowledge at the beginning and the end of the final year of medical school. Methods: Three hundred pre-selected United States Medical Licensing Examination type items from ten medical disciplines were reviewed by ten recent medical graduates from the Netherlands and Germany. The resulting test included 150 items and was taken by 77 and 79 final year medical students from Göttingen and Hamburg at the beginning and the end of their practice year, respectively. Results: Cronbach’s ? of the pre- and post-test was 0.75 and 0.68, respectively. Mean percent scores in the pre- and post-test were 63.9±6.9 and 69.4±5.7, respectively (p<0.001; effect size calculated as Cohen’s d: 0.87). In individual students, post-test scores were particularly high for items related to their specific chosen specialty. Conclusion: The knowledge test used in this study provides a suitable external tool to assess progress of undergraduate medical students in their knowledge during the practice year. The pre-test may be used to guide individual learning behaviour during this final year of undergraduate education.

Raupach, Tobias; Vogel, Daniela; Schiekirka, Sarah; Keijsers, Carolina; Ten Cate, Olle; Harendza, Sigrid

2013-01-01

328

Earthquake Education Environment (E3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources, and educational resources for the classroom.

2007-07-16

329

Development and implementation of an herbal and natural product elective in undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students have consistently expressed interest in learning about alternative healing modalities, especially herbal and natural products. To fill this void in medical education at our institution, a novel elective was developed and implemented for fourth year medical students. This herbal/natural product course uses guest lecturers, classroom presentations, and active learning mechanisms that include experiential rotations, case-based learning, and team-based learning to increase student knowledge of herbal/natural product safety and efficacy. Methods Knowledge outcomes were evaluated via administration of a pre- and post-course test (paired student t-test). End-of-course evaluations (Likert-type questions and narrative responses) were used to assess student opinion of knowledge and skills imparted by the elective and overall course content (mean, standard deviation). Results Over three academic years, 23 students have enrolled in this elective. More than 60% of participants have been female and nearly half of the students (43%) have pursued residencies in primary care. Completion of the course significantly increased student knowledge of common herbal/natural product mechanisms, uses, adverse effects, and drug-interactions as determined by a pre- and post-course knowledge assessment (45%?±?10% versus 78%?±?6%; p?quality, 4.6 of 5.0?±?0.48) who appreciated the variety of activities to which they were exposed and the open classroom discussions that resulted. While students tended to view some alternative medical systems with skepticism, they still believed it was valuable to learn what these modalities encompass. Conclusions Development and implementation of a herbal/natural product elective that engages undergraduate medical students through active learning mechanisms and critical analysis of the literature has proven effective in increasing knowledge outcomes and is deemed to be a valuable curricular addition by student participants. In the future, it will be of interest to explore mechanisms for expanding the course to reach a larger number of students within the time, financial, and logistical constraints that currently exist.

2012-01-01

330

New fitness-to-practice requirements for pharmacists in Ireland: implications for undergraduate pharmacy education.  

PubMed

Internationally, there is tighter monitoring and enforcement of fitness-to-practice requirements in healthcare, which are being specified within legislation and guidelines. In Ireland, the Pharmacy Act 2007, that was recently published and is being gradually implemented, includes a provision for monitoring fitness-to-practice of pharmacists practicing here. This will mean that upon initial and continued registration by the Council of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland, pharmacists must satisfy a fitness-to-practice committee. Two routes by which a pharmacist can be deemed unfit to practice are specified within the Act - on the basis of ill health and through technical incompetence/malice. However, the exact nature of professional, cultural, and technical competencies required to satisfy these new fitness-to-practice requirements remain undecided and a further consultation with all stakeholders is required. Importantly, this consultative process must consider current practice standards and raise awareness of these issues among pharmacists while also considering the current and future undergraduate pharmacy students, i.e. the future pharmacists of Ireland. Radical cultural shifts in monitoring fitness-to-practice, with full professional accountability, must inform changes in the undergraduate curriculum and in assessing students, such that when they graduate, they are thoroughly prepared for ongoing fitness-to-practice scrutiny. Here, different approaches to international pharmacy education that may help pharmacy educators in Ireland prepare their students for the new fitness-to-practice requirements are reviewed and discussed. PMID:20163219

Gallagher, Helen C

2010-01-01

331

Quality: Transforming Postsecondary Education. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief report summarizes a longer document with the same title. Many colleges and universities, in responding to public demand for higher education and the external challenges it creates, are employing Total Quality Management (TQM) techniques to improve quality, increase productivity, and decrease cost. The quality improvement process itself…

Chaffee, Ellen Earle; Sherr, Lawrence A.

332

Undergraduate Education in Cancer in the European Region. Report on a UICC/WHO Meeting (Geneva, Switzerland, April 6-8, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The progress of undergraduate education in cancer in European countries was assessed, and recommendations were offered for further development according to the EURO program. Based on a survey of undergraduate education in medical schools of the European region, the following areas were evaluated: goals and objectives of teaching, tasks a general…

World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.

333

Undergraduate Education in Cancer in the European Region. Report on a UICC/WHO Meeting (Geneva, Switzerland, April 6-8, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The progress of undergraduate education in cancer in European countries was assessed, and recommendations were offered for further development according to the EURO program. Based on a survey of undergraduate education in medical schools of the European region, the following areas were evaluated: goals and objectives of teaching, tasks a general…

World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.

334

Undergraduate Research: Opportunities, Challenges, and Benefits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate research is one of the best ways students can experience investigative learning. Undergraduates involved in research often cite the experience as the highlight of their education. Because many geoscience departments now recognize the benefits of undergraduate research, they are creating more opportunities for students and are expecting their faculty to provide research mentoring. The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) is a national organization of individual and institutional members representing nearly 900 public and private colleges and universities. CUR generates awareness and support for undergraduate research and offers a variety of faculty development opportunities and services. CUR also conducts workshops where teams of faculty develop a campus plan for institutionalizing undergraduate research. A new online registry facilitates matchmaking between undergraduates with research experience and a desire to pursue an advanced degree, and graduate schools seeking high quality students who are well prepared for research. This presentation will describe the role of CUR in supporting undergraduate research, give examples of successful undergraduate research programs, and highlight some of the challenges and benefits of undergraduate research.

Singer, J.

2001-05-01

335

Enhancing undergraduate computer science education through a university-wide summer research program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recruiting undergraduates for research projects and managing these projects to ensure success presents numerous challenges; however, undergraduate student involvement in research provides many opportunities for students to strengthen their studies in computer science. One unique and successful program that involves undergraduates in research is Miami University's Undergraduate Summer Scholars (USS) program. This competitive program provides 100 awards every summer to

Bo Brinkman; V. Cross; L. Opyrchal

2007-01-01

336

Perception of Educational Environment Among Undergraduate Students in a Chiropractic Training Institution  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The impact of the educational environment in student learning is well documented. However, there is a scarcity in the literature exploring the educational environment in chiropractic training institutions. This study aimed to identify the perceived educational environment in a chiropractic training institution and the possible perceptual differences among different demographic groups. Methods: The perceived educational environment was surveyed using Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM), which is a validated, self-administered, and Likert-type inventory. DREEM items focus on subdomains related to learning, teachers, self-confidence, academic atmosphere, and social environment. The results were analyzed and interpreted in relation to standard norms of DREEM and demographic variables. Results: The survey was completed by 124 chiropractic undergraduate students (response rate 83%). Statistically, the inventory items showed high correlation and the subdomains showed a close relationship. Overall the DREEM score was very high: 156.1/200 (78%). The subdomain scores were also at very high levels. However, the scoring of four items by students was consistently poor: lack of a support system for stressed students, 1.8 (SD 1.1); authoritarian teachers, 1.8 (SD 1.2); inadequate school time-tabling, 2.0 (SD 1.1); and overemphasis on factual learning, 2.0 (SD 1.0). There were no statistically significant differences in DREEM scores between gender, age, minority, and ethnicity groups. Conclusions: In general, students perceived that a sound educational environment is fostered by the institution and its educational program for all students despite their demographic variations. However, certain specific elements of the educational process may need to be addressed to improve the educational experience.

Palmgren, Per J.; Chandratilake, Madawa

2011-01-01

337

Ethics Education in Research Involving Human Beings in Undergraduate Medicine Curriculum in Brazil.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: The Brazilian national curriculum guidelines for undergraduate medicine courses inspired and influenced the groundwork for knowledge acquisition, skills development and the perception of ethical values in the context of professional conduct. OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of ethics education in research involving human beings in undergraduate medicine curriculum in Brazil, both in courses with active learning processes and in those with traditional lecture learning methodologies. METHODS: Curricula and teaching projects of 175 Brazilian medical schools were analyzed using a retrospective historical and descriptive exploratory cohort study. Thirty one medical schools were excluded from the study because of incomplete information or a refusal to participate. Active research for information from institutional sites and documents was guided by terms based on 69 DeCS/MeSH descriptors. Curriculum information was correlated with educational models of learning such as active learning methodologies, tutorial discussions with integrated curriculum into core modules, and traditional lecture learning methodologies for large classes organized by disciplines and reviewed by occurrence frequency of ethical themes and average hourly load per semester. RESULTS: Ninety-five medical schools used traditional learning methodologies. The ten most frequent ethical themes were: 1 - ethics in research (26); 2 - ethical procedures and advanced technology (46); 3 - ethic-professional conduct (413). Over 80% of schools using active learning methodologies had between 50 and 100 hours of scheduled curriculum time devoted to ethical themes whereas more than 60% of traditional learning methodology schools devoted less than 50 hours in curriculum time to ethical themes. CONCLUSION: The data indicates that medical schools that employ more active learning methodologies provide more attention and time to ethical themes than schools with traditional discipline-based methodologies. Given the importance of ethical issues in contemporary medical education, these findings are significant for curriculum change and modification plans in the future of Brazilian medical education. PMID:22994866

Novaes, Maria Rita Garbi; Guilhem, Dirce; Barragan, Elena; Mennin, Stewart

2012-09-20

338

Using the Construction of a Science Education Web Site as a Focus of a Directed Study Course in Undergraduate Elementary Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the construction of an elementary science education web site in a collaborative effort involving two university faculty members and two undergraduate elementary education program preservice teachers. For preservice teachers, these types of collaborations can be important in developing skills valuable to their own teaching and in…

Lewis, Scott P.; O'Brien, George E.; George, Jessica A.

1998-01-01

339

Quality Control Laboratory Design Project for Poultry Science Undergraduate Students Enrolled in an Advanced Food Microbiology Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

An exercise for designing a quality control laboratory was developed as a laboratory group project in a senior level undergraduate advanced food microbiology course. The assignment was based on the student’s designing their own laboratory and implementing testing methods for different types of bacteria known to cause food-borne illness. Individual research papers and group project participation were required of each

R. S. Dittmar; M. M. Kundinger; C. L. Woodward; L. M. Donalson; J. L. Golbach; W. K. Kim; V. Chalova; S. C. Ricke

2006-01-01

340

Case Study: Using Total Quality Management in Undergraduate Admissions at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Total Quality Management (TQM) approach is defined and its implementation at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte in undergraduate admissions is described. Benefits and challenges of TQM are discussed, first from the perspective of the manager responsible for TQM, then from that of a front-line staff member and TQM team member.…

Baucom, Kathi; And Others

1995-01-01

341

Investigating the quality of mental models deployed by undergraduate engineering students in creating explanations: The case of thermally activated phenomena  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a method aimed at pointing out the quality of the mental models undergraduate engineering students deploy when asked to create explanations for phenomena or processes and/or use a given model in the same context. Student responses to a specially designed written questionnaire are quantitatively analyzed using researcher-generated categories of reasoning, based on the physics education research literature on student understanding of the relevant physics content. The use of statistical implicative analysis tools allows us to successfully identify clusters of students with respect to the similarity to the reasoning categories, defined as “practical or everyday,” “descriptive,” or “explicative.” Through the use of similarity and implication indexes our method also enables us to study the consistency in students’ deployment of mental models. A qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with students after they had completed the questionnaire is used to clarify some aspects which emerged from the quantitative analysis and validate the results obtained. Some implications of this joint use of quantitative and qualitative analysis for the design of a learning environment focused on the understanding of some aspects of the world at the level of causation and mechanisms of functioning are discussed.

Fazio, Claudio; Battaglia, Onofrio Rosario; Di Paola, Benedetto

2013-12-01

342

Undergraduate medical education in emergency medical care: A nationwide survey at German medical schools  

PubMed Central

Background Since June 2002, revised regulations in Germany have required "Emergency Medical Care" as an interdisciplinary subject, and state that emergency treatment should be of increasing importance within the curriculum. A survey of the current status of undergraduate medical education in emergency medical care establishes the basis for further committee work. Methods Using a standardized questionnaire, all medical faculties in Germany were asked to answer questions concerning the structure of their curriculum, representation of disciplines, instructors' qualifications, teaching and assessment methods, as well as evaluation procedures. Results Data from 35 of the 38 medical schools in Germany were analysed. In 32 of 35 medical faculties, the local Department of Anaesthesiology is responsible for the teaching of emergency medical care; in two faculties, emergency medicine is taught mainly by the Department of Surgery and in another by Internal Medicine. Lectures, seminars and practical training units are scheduled in varying composition at 97% of the locations. Simulation technology is integrated at 60% (n = 21); problem-based learning at 29% (n = 10), e-learning at 3% (n = 1), and internship in ambulance service is mandatory at 11% (n = 4). In terms of assessment methods, multiple-choice exams (15 to 70 questions) are favoured (89%, n = 31), partially supplemented by open questions (31%, n = 11). Some faculties also perform single practical tests (43%, n = 15), objective structured clinical examination (OSCE; 29%, n = 10) or oral examinations (17%, n = 6). Conclusion Emergency Medical Care in undergraduate medical education in Germany has a practical orientation, but is very inconsistently structured. The innovative options of simulation technology or state-of-the-art assessment methods are not consistently utilized. Therefore, an exchange of experiences and concepts between faculties and disciplines should be promoted to guarantee a standard level of education in emergency medical care.

Beckers, Stefan K; Timmermann, Arnd; Muller, Michael P; Angstwurm, Matthias; Walcher, Felix

2009-01-01

343

A review of air quality community education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides a review of current and recent major air quality community education programs both nationally and internationally to identify those factors which will improve the effectiveness of existing and future initiatives.

Keith Skamp; Iris Bergmann; Ros Taplin; Kristina Cooke

2007-01-01

344

A review of air quality education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides a review of current and recent major air quality community education programs both nationally and internationally to identify those factors which will improve the effectiveness of existing and future initiatives.

Keith R Skamp; Iris Bergmann; Ros Taplin; Kristina Cooke

2007-01-01

345

Lighting Quantity and Quality in Educational Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational facility lighting management, and examines how light quantity, distribution, and quality-enhancement strategies can improve the indoor environment while reducing lighting costs. Informational tables provide lighting pattern, color, and illuminance data. (GR)

Elwazanim, Salim A.

1998-01-01

346

Climate Change, NASA and New Media: Engaging Non-Science Undergraduates in Climate Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UC Riverside is one of the most socioeconomically and ethnically diverse university campuses in the country. As one of only two federally-designated Hispanic Serving Research Institutions, UCR has long been committed to successfully educating and graduating Latino students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields (fields in which Latino students are severely under-represented). Because Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the country, educating Latino students in climate science is necessary for creating an educated and informed American society. Each year nearly 3000 undergraduate students take lower-division courses in the UCR Earth Sciences Department. This creates a unique opportunity to educate a broad cross-section of students from all fields and majors in societally-important Earth Science issues. As part of a NASA Global Climate Change Education grant, the Earth Sciences Department has restructured its lower-division courses to emphasize climate science by redesigning labs and activities that incorporate online NASA climate data, with the idea that first-hand analysis of data will provide students with a better understanding of the complexities of climate change. While NASA data and resources are being woven in all lower-division courses, one course in particular, "Global Climate Change," has been completely redesigned: this course now both examines the science of climate change and trains students in the articulation of climate science. Students learn to use new medial like YouTube to create and disseminate their own educational vidoes. The goal of this approach is to educate all students, not just those studying Earth Sciences, and to ultimately increase the general public's understanding of global climate change.

Dahl, R. M.; Mrofka, D. D.; Droser, M.

2011-12-01

347

A survey on education in cariology for undergraduate dental students in Europe.  

PubMed

The aim of the survey was to collect relevant information about education in cariology for dental undergraduate students in Europe. The ORCA/ADEE cariology curriculum group prepared a questionnaire that was mailed in 2009 to 179 European dental schools. One hundred and twenty-three dental schools (72%) from 32 countries completed and returned the questionnaires. In most of these schools, education in cariology is delivered by at least two different units. The units mainly involved are Paediatric Dentistry, Conservative Dentistry, Restorative Dentistry or Operative Dentistry. Theoretical education in cariology is delivered by practically all responding dental schools, and in 96% of these schools, it starts within the first 3 years. Pre-clinical exercises are offered by 98% of the schools starting mainly in the third or fourth year. In 97% of the schools, clinical exercises are carried out, and this occurs mainly in the fourth and fifth year. In nearly all dental schools (88%), education in cariology comprises not only caries but also dental erosion and non-erosive wear. The vast majority of the responding dental schools (89%) supported the idea of developing a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. PMID:22023540

Schulte, A G; Buchalla, W; Huysmans, M-C D N J M; Amaechi, B T; Sampaio, F; Vougiouklakis, G; Pitts, N B

2011-11-01

348

Stylistic Learning Differences Between Undergraduate Athletic Training Students and Educators: Gregorc Mind Styles  

PubMed Central

Context: Learning theory and pedagogic research are unfamiliar to many educators trained in the sciences. Athletic training educators must learn to appreciate the theoretic and practical value of pedagogic research, including learning styles. Objective: To extend the learning styles research in athletic training by introducing the Mind Styles model and Gregorc Style Delineator instrument to investigate students' and program directors' baseline style preferences and to study the effects of sex, education level, and academic role on mean composite Gregorc Style Delineator scores. Design: Correlational research design. Setting: Instruments were mailed to program directors and administered in classroom settings. Patients or Other Participants: Ten of 10 athletic training programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs formed sample 1, with 200 undergraduate athletic training students (68 men, 132 women, age = 20.12 ± 2.02 years). A total of 43 program directors (22 men, 21 women, age = 40.05 ± 9.30 years) created sample 2. Main Outcome Measure(s): We used the Gregorc Style Delineator to measure participants' perceptual and ordering abilities, combining them in a quaternary design to create mean composite scores for the Concrete Sequential (CS), Abstract Sequential (AS), Abstract Random (AR), and Concrete Random (CR) Mind Styles subscales. We also noted each subject's sex, education level, and academic role. Results: We obtained a response rate of 100% of undergraduates and 43% of program directors. The CS style was preferred by 44.5% (n = 89) of students and 58.1% (n = 25) of program directors. Program directors preferred the CS style more (P < .001) and the AS and AR styles less (P < .001) than predicted by ?2 testing. Students preferred the CS style more (P < .001) and the AS style less (P < .001) than expected also. Men students preferred the AS style more (P < .01) and the AR style less (P < .01) than women students. Students by ?2 testing were also less likely to prefer the CS style (P < .01) and more likely to prefer the AR style (P < .001) than program directors. No significant main effect was noted for education level (P = .310) or the interaction (P = .108). Conclusions: Our findings add 2 unique elements to the athletic training literature by extending the investigation of styles to an original model (Mind Styles) and the effect of academic role on style. Program directors should strongly consider sex and academic role style differences when designing and implementing pedagogic methods.

Gould, Trenton E; Caswell, Shane V

2006-01-01

349

Strategies for Embedding Scholarship in the Educational Experiences of Engineering Technology Undergraduate Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hallmark of Engineering Technology (ET) programs is its student-centered curriculum and hands-on approach to teaching. Many institutions with ET programs now require scholarship of their ET faculty in addition to their teaching duties. In many institutions that have always emphasized scholarship and research, undergraduate student education has often times taken a back seat to research. The question that arises for ET programs as we begin to engage in scholarly activities is: how do we insure that ET scholarship is student-centered similar to ET teaching and curriculum? The benefits of scholarship to ET students include enhancement of their critical thinking, innovative, lifelong learning skills, skills that many ET employers today are looking for in our students. In this paper, the author examines issues relating to the importance of scholarship to ET undergraduate students, barriers to ET student scholarship, mechanisms for embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum, resources required to facilitate ET student scholarship, and feedback from ET student scholars who recently worked on a scholarly project with the author. The author concludes that embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum is very desirable and suggests some ways and means to facilitate and nurture student scholarship in ET.

Aghayere, Abi

2009-08-27

350

The Genomics Education Partnership: Successful Integration of Research into Laboratory Classes at a Diverse Group of Undergraduate Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Genomics is not only essential for students to understand biology but also provides unprecedented opportunities for undergraduate research. The goal of the Genomics Education Partnership (GEP), a collaboration between a growing number of colleges and universities around the country and the Department of Biology and Genome Center of Washington…

Shaffer, Christopher D.; Alvarez, Consuelo; Bailey, Cheryl; Barnard, Daron; Bhalla, Satish; Chandrasekaran, Chitra; Chandrasekaran, Vidya; Chung, Hui-Min; Dorer, Douglas R.; Du, Chunguang; Eckdahl, Todd T.; Poet, Jeff L.; Frohlich, Donald; Goodman, Anya L.; Gosser, Yuying; Hauser, Charles; Hoopes, Laura L. M.; Johnson, Diana; Jones, Christopher J.; Kaehler, Marian; Kokan, Nighat; Kopp, Olga R.; Kuleck, Gary A.; McNeil, Gerard; Moss, Robert; Myka, Jennifer L.; Nagengast, Alexis; Morris, Robert; Overvoorde, Paul J.; Shoop, Elizabeth; Parrish, Susan; Reed, Kelynne; Regisford, E. Gloria; Revie, Dennis; Rosenwald, Anne G.; Saville, Ken; Schroeder, Stephanie; Shaw, Mary; Skuse, Gary; Smith, Christopher; Smith, Mary; Spana, Eric P.; Spratt, Mary; Stamm, Joyce; Thompson, Jeff S.; Wawersik, Matthew; Wilson, Barbara A.; Youngblom, Jim; Leung, Wilson; Buhler, Jeremy; Mardis, Elaine R.; Lopatto, David; Elgin, Sarah C. R.

2010-01-01

351

Research and Teaching: Understanding How Undergraduate Research Experiences Influence Student Aspirations for Research Careers and Graduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Extant and emerging literature on undergraduate research experiences (UREs) focuses on the identification of their benefits to student participants. However, a notable limitation in these studies results from little or no examination of the processes through which UREs influence student career decisions and education aspirations. This study…

Adedokun, Omolola A.; Zhang, Dake; Parker, Loran Carleton; Bessenbacher, Ann; Childress, Amy; Burgess, Wilella Daniels

2012-01-01

352

PERCEPTIONS OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE INSTRUCTION IN TERMS OF THE SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the perceived effectiveness of online instructional delivery among full-faculty experienced teaching online as well as in tradi- tional classroom environments and variables of instructional experience, rank, academic field, online instructional experience, and course level as they related to Chickering and Gamson's Seven Principles of Effective Undergraduate Education. These principles assert that good instructional practice encourages student-faculty contact,

STAN G. GUIDERA

2004-01-01

353

The Genomics Education Partnership: Successful Integration of Research into Laboratory Classes at a Diverse Group of Undergraduate Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Genomics is not only essential for students to understand biology but also provides unprecedented opportunities for undergraduate research. The goal of the Genomics Education Partnership (GEP), a collaboration between a growing number of colleges and universities around the country and the Department of Biology and Genome Center of Washington…

Shaffer, Christopher D.; Alvarez, Consuelo; Bailey, Cheryl; Barnard, Daron; Bhalla, Satish; Chandrasekaran, Chitra; Chandrasekaran, Vidya; Chung, Hui-Min; Dorer, Douglas R.; Du, Chunguang; Eckdahl, Todd T.; Poet, Jeff L.; Frohlich, Donald; Goodman, Anya L.; Gosser, Yuying; Hauser, Charles; Hoopes, Laura L. M.; Johnson, Diana; Jones, Christopher J.; Kaehler, Marian; Kokan, Nighat; Kopp, Olga R.; Kuleck, Gary A.; McNeil, Gerard; Moss, Robert; Myka, Jennifer L.; Nagengast, Alexis; Morris, Robert; Overvoorde, Paul J.; Shoop, Elizabeth; Parrish, Susan; Reed, Kelynne; Regisford, E. Gloria; Revie, Dennis; Rosenwald, Anne G.; Saville, Ken; Schroeder, Stephanie; Shaw, Mary; Skuse, Gary; Smith, Christopher; Smith, Mary; Spana, Eric P.; Spratt, Mary; Stamm, Joyce; Thompson, Jeff S.; Wawersik, Matthew; Wilson, Barbara A.; Youngblom, Jim; Leung, Wilson; Buhler, Jeremy; Mardis, Elaine R.; Lopatto, David; Elgin, Sarah C. R.

2010-01-01

354

How Educational Practices Affect the Development of Life-Long Learning Orientations in Traditionally-Aged Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated curricular conditions and educational practices that influenced the development of life-long learning orientations among 405 undergraduate students. Results suggest that growth in life-long learning orientations was facilitated by instruction that included opportunities for reflection, active learning, and perspective-taking and…

Mayhew, Matthew J.; Wolniak, Gregory C.; Pascarella, Ernest T.

2008-01-01

355

Undergraduate Education in the Sciences for Students in Agriculture and Natural Resources. Summary of Proceedings of Regional Conferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a national conference entitled, "Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences for Students in Agriculture and Natural Resources," four regional conferences ensued, bringing together teaching faculty members from agriculture, forestry, other natural resource areas, and biology. The papers presented at these regional meetings are…

Commission on Education in Agriculture and Natural Resources, Washington, DC.

356

Liberal Values and a Liberal Education: The Effect of a Family Sociology Course on Undergraduate Students' Family Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes undergraduate family values surveys conducted at the beginning and end of a family sociology course at a large public university. States surveys were used to assess change in family values and the implications of the change. Focuses on issues such as diversity, student employment, liberal education, and socialization processes. (KDR)

Magdol, Lynn

2003-01-01

357

An Undergraduate Course in College and University Governance: Heightening Awareness of the Complexity of Institutions of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An objection often raised against student participation in university governance is that students don't know enough about institutions of higher education. An undergraduate course that focuses on the functions and role of the university would help answer that objection. Such a course has been developed at the University of Michigan and includes…

Clark, Freeman Thomas

358

The Effect of Required Cooperative Education (Co-Op) on the Pursuit of an Undergraduate Engineering Degree for Female Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Female enrollment in engineering has been historically low. Researchers claim chilly classroom environments and societal expectations of gender and work as reasons why so few women pursue engineering. This qualitative study explores the effects of required cooperative education on a female student's choice of and persistence in an undergraduate

Kuntz, Vickie L.

2009-01-01

359

Using the Knowledge Transfer Partnership Approach in Undergraduate Education and Practice-Based Training to Encourage Employer Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a conceptual viewpoint which proposes the use of the post graduate Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) approach to learning in undergraduate education and practice-based training. Design/methodology/approach: This is an examination of the KTP approach and how this could be used effectively in…

Harris, Margaret; Chisholm, Colin; Burns, George

2013-01-01

360

The Motivation of Undergraduate Music Students: The Impact of Identification and Talent Beliefs on Choosing a Career in Music Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the reasons why undergraduate music students choose a career in teaching classroom music and how these reasons are related to their beliefs about their identification with teaching classroom music, identification with music performance, teaching talent, and performance talent. Participants included 143 students enrolled in music performance and music education programs at seven

Brett D. Jones; Kelly A. Parkes

2010-01-01

361

Modelling the perceived value of compulsory English language education in undergraduate non-language majors of Japanese nationality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting mixed methods of data collection and analysis, the current study models the ‘perceived value of compulsory English language education’ in a sample of 138 undergraduate non-language majors of Japanese nationality at a national university in Japan. During the orientation period of a compulsory 15-week English language programme, the 138 students (from four individual classes) wrote about and discussed their

Damian J. Rivers

2012-01-01

362

Total Quality Management: Implications for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 19 papers describing the implementation of Total Quality Management in a variety of higher education settings. Following a Foreword by Peter Likins and a Preface by Daniel J. Julius, the chapter titles and authors are: (1) "TQM: Implications for Higher Education--A Look Back to the Future" (Allan M. Hoffman and Randall…

Hoffman, Allan M., Ed.; Julius, Daniel J., Ed.

363

Education Quality: The Disabilities of Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus on textbooks, not class size, poor countries are regularly told as they seek to improve education quality. Yet, at the same time, with strong support from professional educators, the voters of the U.S. state of California approved massive expenditures to reduce the size of classes that in global terms were already quite small. These…

Samoff, Joel

2007-01-01

364

Education Quality: The Disabilities of Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focus on textbooks, not class size, poor countries are regularly told as they seek to improve education quality. Yet, at the same time, with strong support from professional educators, the voters of the U.S. state of California approved massive expenditures to reduce the size of classes that in global terms were already quite small. These…

Samoff, Joel

2007-01-01

365

A Search for Quality in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A quality program of education within the schools produces individuals capable of (1) using their talents and abilities to the maximum of their potential, (2) continuing their educational development, (3) participating actively and positively in the world of work, (4) engaging in problem solving at abstract and at concrete levels, and (5)…

Schwartz, Alfred

366

What is quality in a maritime education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do we know that we are delivering quality in a maritime education? If we are measuring a product, do we count the number of students who secure jobs upon graduation, or do we look for stellar career achievements? How do we describe our ideal graduate? Do we care about character education? Do we measure knowledge? If so, do we

Bunny PAINE-CLEMES

367

Quality Assurance in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an economic and political climate marked by the continued reduction of physical education programs, the authors believe that advocacy is now a professional responsibility that all physical educators have a duty to perform. Despite support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), the National Association for Sport and…

Richards, K. Andrew R.; Wilson, Wesley J.

2012-01-01

368

An evaluation of a pilot study of a web-based educational initiative for educating and training undergraduate dental students in infection prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective Evaluate the views of undergraduate dental students on a pilot web-based e-learning programme to establish its merit in providing education in infection prevention and control. The initiative was commissioned by NHS Education for Scotland as an educational resource for healthcare workers.Design, sample and setting This was a retrospective analysis of questionnaire data from the first cohort of dental students

A. J. Smith; D. E. A. Lockhart

2009-01-01

369

Technology and learning-centered education: Research-based support for how the tablet PC embodies the Seven Principles of Good Practice in Undergraduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student learning improves when faculty use learning-centered teaching practices, and a symbiotic relationship exists between technology and learning-centered education. One technological tool, the tablet PC, offers university faculty a powerful way to enhance student learning. The seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education offer a framework for learning-centered education, and this paper illustrates the seven principles through research data

Jamie Cromack

2008-01-01

370

Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice Concepts in Undergraduate Athletic Training Education: Experiences of Select Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Professional athletic training education must transition toward instruction of evidence-based practice in order to maintain progress with other health professions' clinical practices and educational standards. Objective: To evaluate athletic training educators' experience with implementation of evidence-based practice concepts in CAATE…

Manspeaker, Sarah A.; Van Lunen, Bonnie

2010-01-01

371

Undergraduate Rural Medical Education Program Development: Focus Group Consultation with the NRHA Rural Medical Educators Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: Over a decade ago, leaders in rural medical education established the Rural Medical Educators (RME) Group, an interest group within the National Rural Health Association, to support faculty in rural medical education programs. This group has convened an annual RME conclave since 2006. In 2008, this conclave convened 15 national leaders…

Downey, Laura H.; Wheat, John R.; Leeper, James D.; Florence, Joseph A.; Boulger, James G.; Hunsaker, Matt L.

2011-01-01

372

The use of an anesthesia simulator in graduate and undergraduate education.  

PubMed

The use of simulation for educational training is common in many industries but is a new advancement in student instruction in anesthesia, medicine, or allied health. The Human Patient Simulator (HPS) allows students and clinicians to learn and practice a variety of technical skills as well as manage basic and complex clinical situations in a modifiable and reproducible environment. The HPS has been extensively integrated in many graduate and undergraduate Nursing and Allied Health courses at the Medical College of Georgia. Use of the HPS stems from the theory of situated cognition, which states that students best learn "what to do" and "how to do" in a real world environment. The HPS provides a real world environment for student learning in various fields. The theory of situated cognition is discussed in conjunction with the implementation of the HPS into various classes. PMID:9726197

Monti, E J; Wren, K; Haas, R; Lupien, A E

1998-05-01

373

Adapting the Learning-Cycle to Enrich Undergraduate Neuroscience Education for All Students  

PubMed Central

A learning-cycle approach to science instruction is not new to science educators (Karplus, 1977; Kolb, 1984; Bergquist, 1991; Zollman, 1990; Allard and Barman, 1994). Somewhat less known, however, is the usefulness of this approach for creating lab activities for a broad audience of undergraduates. The following paper presents a brief overview of a laboratory activity that can be adapted for use by instructors of introductory neuroscience courses. The three-hour activity is geared towards tapping key elements of the learning-cycle approach, with a particular emphasis on the exploration phase of the model. Students work as members of small teams to explore a contemporary issue involving memory and gain hands-on experience from the outset, to which conceptual information is then added during lecture the following week. The approach is in marked contrast to the more traditional practice in the sciences where laboratory activities generally serve to punctuate already presented lecture material.

Stewart, Mark; Stavrianeas, Stasinos

2008-01-01

374

Adapting the learning-cycle to enrich undergraduate neuroscience education for all students.  

PubMed

A learning-cycle approach to science instruction is not new to science educators (Karplus, 1977; Kolb, 1984; Bergquist, 1991; Zollman, 1990; Allard and Barman, 1994). Somewhat less known, however, is the usefulness of this approach for creating lab activities for a broad audience of undergraduates. The following paper presents a brief overview of a laboratory activity that can be adapted for use by instructors of introductory neuroscience courses. The three-hour activity is geared towards tapping key elements of the learning-cycle approach, with a particular emphasis on the exploration phase of the model. Students work as members of small teams to explore a contemporary issue involving memory and gain hands-on experience from the outset, to which conceptual information is then added during lecture the following week. The approach is in marked contrast to the more traditional practice in the sciences where laboratory activities generally serve to punctuate already presented lecture material. PMID:23493626

Stewart, Mark; Stavrianeas, Stasinos

2008-06-15

375

Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2001 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report "Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century" recommended that an interdisciplinary summit be held to develop next steps for reform of health professions education in order to enhance patient care quality and safety. In June 2002, the IOM convened this summit, which included 150…

Greiner, Ann C., Ed.; Knebel, Elisa, Ed.

376

Quality and Standards in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality and standards in higher education is a tricky topic, but one that will not go away. Everyone has a view, but it is rarely informed by fact. The subject is particularly difficult for several reasons. Perhaps the most important of these is the lack of any generally agreed definition of what quality and standards are. In this article, the…

Williams, Peter

2010-01-01

377

Despite Increases, Women and Minorities Still Underrepresented in Undergraduate and Graduate S&E Education  

NSF Publications Database

Despite Increases, Women and Minorities Still Underrepresented in Undergraduate and Graduate S&E ... presents information on the representation of women and minorities in undergraduate and graduate S&E ...

378

Exemplary Learning Modules in the ESSE Design Guide for Undergraduate Earth System Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supported by NASA through the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), the cooperative university- based Earth System Science Education (ESSE) program fosters the development of undergraduate curriculum and courses designed to understand Earth as a system. The ESSE community has produced the web-based Design Guide for Undergraduate Earth System Science Education as a living synthesis of the program. One section of the Design Guide contains exemplary learning modules with demonstrated value in courses that include new perspectives and new audiences underrepresented in the sciences. Two highlights are applications of earth system science to the urban environment and the adaptation of course material for the K- 12 curriculum. These learning modules will be useful in existing courses and will provide ideas for future course development. Each module has a description that includes the rationale, the learning objectives, the target audience, types of activities supported, instructor's tips, evaluation procedures and other information to help faculty to make best use of the module. Vignettes of personal experiences with the learning modules and linkage to the Design Guide provide scientific, pedagogical and institutional context. The ESSE21 Evaluation Toolkit, packaged with the Design Guide, offers additional information about evaluation. The topics developed in the learning modules cover a broad range from the tropics to the poles to near-Earth space: urban land surface-atmosphere systems; carbon cycle; remote sensing; integrating earth system science and the urban environment; land use and land cover change; pollution protection of Earth systems; local energy balance at air/land and air/water interfaces; earth and space science; and polar remote sensing.

Aron, J. L.; Ruzek, M.

2006-12-01

379

Utilization of the seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education in general chemistry by community college instructors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, higher education has undergone many changes. The advent of assessment, accountability, and a newfound focus on teaching have required faculty to examine how they are teaching. Administrators and faculty are beginning to recognize that learning is not a "one size fits all" enterprise. To this end, Chickering and Gamson developed an inventory that examined faculty utilization of the Seven Principles of Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. The seven principles included by the authors included faculty-student interaction, cooperative learning, active learning, giving prompt feedback, emphasizing time on task, communicating high expectations, and respecting diverse talents and ways of learning. It was determined by Chickering and Gamson, as well as many other researchers, that these seven principles were hallmarks of successful undergraduate education. Community colleges are important institutions to study, as many students begin their higher education at two-year colleges. Most students are also required to take one or more science classes for their general education requirements; therefore, many students must take at least one general chemistry course. Both community colleges and chemistry are rarely studied in literature, which makes this study important. Community college general chemistry instructors were surveyed using an online version of Chickering and Gamson's Faculty Inventory for the Seven Principles of Good Practice in Undergraduate Education. Responses were analyzed, and it was discovered that not only did instructors utilize the principles to a different extent, but there were also differences between genders as well as between the specific actions related to each principle.

Panther Bishoff, Jennifer

380

Factors influencing the inclusion of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in undergraduate medical education.  

PubMed

Objective To investigate the views and practices of UK medical schools regarding the inclusion (or exclusion) of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in undergraduate medical curricula. Design Survey (by email) of UK medical schools offering MBBS (or equivalent) degrees. Results The overall response rate was 58.1% (18/31). All respondents indicated that their curricula included CAM elements. However, the quantity of CAM within curricula varied widely between medical schools, as did the methods by which CAM education was delivered. General Medical Council requirements were the strongest factor influencing the inclusion of CAM, although medical student preferences were also important. Respondents were generally satisfied with the extent of CAM provision within their curricula, while a wide range of views on the appropriateness of CAM in the medical curriculum were held by faculty members. Conclusions It may be useful for the General Medical Council to clarify the extent to which CAM should be incorporated into the curriculum. Current CAM education appears to exist primarily as a means of educating future doctors on the modalities that their patients may use or request. However, some forms of pedagogy arguably risk students assimilating CAM advocacy in an uncritical fashion. PMID:22021750

Smith, Kevin R

2011-06-08

381

Factors influencing the inclusion of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the views and practices of UK medical schools regarding the inclusion (or exclusion) of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in undergraduate medical curricula. Design Survey (by email) of UK medical schools offering MBBS (or equivalent) degrees. Results The overall response rate was 58.1% (18/31). All respondents indicated that their curricula included CAM elements. However, the quantity of CAM within curricula varied widely between medical schools, as did the methods by which CAM education was delivered. General Medical Council requirements were the strongest factor influencing the inclusion of CAM, although medical student preferences were also important. Respondents were generally satisfied with the extent of CAM provision within their curricula, while a wide range of views on the appropriateness of CAM in the medical curriculum were held by faculty members. Conclusions It may be useful for the General Medical Council to clarify the extent to which CAM should be incorporated into the curriculum. Current CAM education appears to exist primarily as a means of educating future doctors on the modalities that their patients may use or request. However, some forms of pedagogy arguably risk students assimilating CAM advocacy in an uncritical fashion.

2011-01-01

382

Educational quality and the crisis of educational research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper was designed not as a research product but as a speech to comparative education colleagues. It argues that there is a crisis of educational quality in many parts of the world, and that there is a parallel crisis in the quality of educational research and statistics. Compared to other major public responsibilities in health, agriculture, population and family planning, educational statistics are poor and often getting worse. Our international and national statistical institutions are impoverished, and we as a profession have been part of the problem. We have been so busy arguing over differing research paradigms that we have not paid sufficient attention to our common professional responsibilities and common professional goals. The paper suggests that we, as professionals interested in comparative education issues, begin to act together more on these common and important issues.

Heyneman, Stephen

1993-11-01

383

One more thing: Faculty response to increased emphasis on project teams in undergraduate engineering education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tenured and tenure-track faculty members at institutions of higher education, especially those at Research I institutions, are being asked to do more than ever before. With rapidly changing technology, significant decreases in public funding, the shift toward privately funded research, and the ever increasing expectations of students for an education that adequately prepares them for professional careers, engineering faculty are particularly challenged by the escalating demands on their time. In 1996, the primary accreditation organization for engineering programs (ABET) adopted new criteria that required, among other things, engineering programs to teach students to function on multidisciplinary teams and to communicate effectively. In response, most engineering programs utilize project teams as a strategy for teaching these skills. The purpose of this qualitative study of tenured and tenure track engineering faculty at a Research I institution in the southwestern United States was to explore the variety of ways in which the engineering faculty responded to the demands placed upon them as a result of the increased emphasis on project teams in undergraduate engineering education. Social role theory and organizational climate theory guided the study. Some faculty viewed project teams as an opportunity for students to learn important professional skills and to benefit from collaborative learning but many questioned the importance and feasibility of teaching teamwork skills and had concerns about taking time away from other essential fundamental material such as mathematics, basic sciences and engineering sciences. Although the administration of the College of Engineering articulated strong support for the use of project teams in undergraduate education, the prevailing climate did little to promote significant efforts related to effective utilization of project teams. Too often, faculty were unwilling to commit sufficient time or effort to make project teamwork a truly valuable learning opportunity because those efforts were not perceived to be valuable and were rarely rewarded. Few formal professional development opportunities were available and few incentives were in place to encourage other informal efforts to develop the necessary skills. Those who committed significant effort to project teams were challenged by concerns about team composition, student accountability and assigning individual grades for group teamwork.

Hunter, Jane

384

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

385

Science and Technology Education for Civic and Professional Life: The Undergraduate Years. A Report of the Wingspread Conference (Racine, Wisconsin, June 1-3, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The failure of colleges and universities to ensure that all undergraduates become scientifically and technologically educated was addressed at the 1982 Wingspread Conference. Representatives of education, business, government, and other professions considered the place of science and technology education within liberal education and formulated a…

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

386

Quality Assurance: An Educational Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a course designed to give students the theoretical and practical knowledge to understand the factors influencing the provision of quality nursing care; to use standards to evaluate nursing care; and to make planning changes to improvement. (Author)

Griffith, Nancy L.; Megel, Mary Erickson

1981-01-01

387

The Implementation of a System of Educational Development for Undergraduate Pharmacy Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The implementation of a system of educational development in the College of Pharmacy at the Ohio State University in the form of an Office of Educational Development (OED) is described. A chronological history of OED is provided, and some of the more significant and interesting developmental events are highlighted, including curriculum…

Adams, Kay Angona

388

The American Indian and Alaska Native Higher Education Funding Guide. A Financial Guide to Undergraduate and Graduate Sources of Funding for American Indians and Alaska Natives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides American Indian and Alaska Native students with sources for securing financial aid for higher education. The first section covers sources of funding and grants for individuals who are pursuing undergraduate degrees. This financial support includes scholarships with state residency requirements, general undergraduate

Frazier, Gregory W.

389

Psychosocial Conditions of Quality of Life Among Undergraduate Students: A Cross Sectional Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality of life (QOL) in the context of education is an understudied topic and research related to its’ relation to the sense\\u000a of coherence (SOC), level of optimism (LOO) and self-efficacy (SE) among students seems to be missing. The rationale for this\\u000a survey was to fill this gap in knowledge and therefore, the aim of the study is to examine

Pawel Posadzki; Patrick Musonda; Grazyna Debska; Romuald Polczyk

2009-01-01

390

Urgent need for contraceptive education and services in Chinese unmarried undergraduates: a multi-campus survey.  

PubMed

In order to ascertain prevalence rate of premarital sexual intercourse, unintended pregnancy and abortion, and evaluate associated factors of unintended pregnancy among undergraduates from all over China, the representative sample of unmarried undergraduates was obtained by using a multi-stage, stratified, probability cluster design, and data were collected by using a survey questionnaire. 62 326 available responders were gained. 11.6% of them acknowledged having experiences of premarital sexual intercourse (standardized prevalence rate of sexual intercourse was 13.8%). 31.5% of students active in premarital sex acknowledged undergoing unintended pregnancy. 76.2% of pregnant students selected abortion to end it. Of students active in premarital sex, 46.2% used contraception at the first sexual intercourse, 28.2% replied "always" using contraception in sexual intercourse. The rate of using condoms, oral contraceptives (OCs), and withdrawal among students who had used contraception was 52.0%, 31.0%, and 27.2% respectively. "No preparation for sex" (40.3%), "pleasure decrement" (32.1%), "won't-be-pregnancy in occasional sexual intercourse" (30.2%) were their common excuses for using no contraception. The identified risk factors for unintended pregnancy among students active in premarital sex by multivariate analysis were as follows: having no steady lover [having no steady lover vs having a steady lover: odds ratio (OR), 1.875; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.629-2.158], unaware of the course of conception (unaware vs aware: OR, 2.023; 95% CI, 1.811-2.260), considering abortion not endanger women's physical and mental health (no endangerment vs endangerment: OR, 2.659; 95% CI, 2.265-3.121), nonuse of contraception (never use vs always use: OR, 1.682; 95% CI, 1.295-2.185). Medical students were not less likely to experience an unintended pregnancy than nonmedical students (OR, 1.111; 95% CI, 0.906-1.287). The substantial proportion of unintended pregnancy among undergraduates indicates a need for convenient and targeted contraceptive education and services. PMID:21823000

Zhou, Yuanzhong; Xiong, Jinwen; Li, Jie; Huang, Shiyun; Shang, Xuejun; Liu, Guohui; Zhang, Meimei; Yin, Pin; Wei, Sheng; Xiong, Chengliang

2011-08-07

391

Adult education and the quality of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the complementary role of adult education in influencing people's objective and subjective quality of life. The analytical strategy used to achieve this end is to estimate parameters in a path model which includes both objective indicators such as occupational status and earned income, and subjective indicators such as job satisfaction and perceived personal wellbeing. The investigation builds on Swedish data and employs the LISREL method in the fitting of the model to the data. The results indicate that adult education positively influences objective indicators of the quality of life. Even though adult education is found to relate to measures of perceived personal wellbeing, the hypothesis that it also influences the way men assess their life situation and evaluate their subjective quality of life cannot be confirmed.

Tuijnman, Albert

1990-09-01

392

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality: Educators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides access to a variety of environmental quality materials for educators, students, and the general public, developed by Michigan agencies as well as by other sources which may not be specific to Michigan. The material ranges from general environmental fact sheets and data bases to teacher packets and other materials developed for K-12 education. Topics include: air pollution, land pollution, waste disposal, and water pollution.

393

Proceedings of a Conference on Undergraduate Education in the Plant and Soil Sciences Held at Washington, D.C. on 20-21 March 1967.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The conference report presents both the individual papers and the reports of working groups on education on the undergraduate level in agriculture. The report reviews the adequacy and effectiveness of courses and curricula for students; discusses instruct...

1969-01-01

394

[The teaching of microbiology and parasitology in undergraduate medical education and its adaptation to the European Higher Education Area].  

PubMed

The creation of the European Higher Education Area provides a series of opportunities for far-reaching reform of medical education and changes in the way both students and teachers work. The Bologna process must be implemented before 2010 in signatory countries, which include Spain, and must allow education and academic titles to be homologated. Medical degrees must consist of 360 European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) credits, divided into six academic years (60 credits per academic year). The Faculty of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Barcelona has already put the finishing touches to a proposal for the distribution of subjects in the new curriculum. This proposal strengthens and reassesses the teaching of microbiology and parasitology compared with current curricula, giving these subjects appropriate weight in undergraduate medical education. The teaching of medical microbiology and parasitology is included as a core subject worth 8 ECTS in the third year and two free-choice modules of 2.5 and 3 ECTS to be taken in the first semesters of the fifth and sixth years as part of the minor in "Clinical and Experimental Laboratory"(30 ECTS). The teaching of microbiology will also play an important role in the Integrated Learning in Medicine (INTEL-M) course in the third, fourth and fifth years. INTEL-M is an innovation in the syllabus based on the joint planning, organization and evaluation of a series of subjects (24.5 ECTS) that are developed in small groups of students and in the form of problem-based learning. PMID:21129581

Ruiz, Vicente Ausina; Otero, Beatriz Mirelis; Pastor, Guillem Prats

2010-10-01

395

Bone Quality: Educational Tools for Patients, Physicians, and Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Defining bone quality remains elusive. From a patient perspective bone quality can best be defined as an individual’s likelihood\\u000a of sustaining a fracture. Fracture risk indicators and performance measures can help clinicians better understand individual\\u000a fracture risk. Educational resources such as the Web can help clinicians and patients better understand fracture risk, communicate\\u000a effectively, and make decisions concerning diagnosis and

Junaid Shams; Allison B. Spitzer; Ann M. Kennelly; Laura L. Tosi

396

Intergroup Contact Exercises as a Tool for Mitigating Undergraduates' Attitudes toward Nonnative English-Speaking Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International instructors in U.S. institutions of higher education boost the academic quality of education available to U.S. undergraduate students. Many university students, however, regard nonnative English-speaking teaching assistants (NNESTAs) as problematic. Innovative programs for enhancing undergraduates' capacity to understand NNESTAs'…

Kang, O.; Rubin, D. L.

2012-01-01

397

Challenges to Stereotypes of International Students' Prior Educational Experience: Undergraduate Education in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined stereotypes about the prior educational experience of 10 postgraduate business students from India at an Australian university. Concludes that many aspects of the cultural-deficit perspective so often taken are not appropriate, and that a more contextualized approach is more useful in understanding and describing the diversity of…

Ninnes, Peter; Aitchison, Claire; Kalos, Shoba

1999-01-01

398

Performance Analysis of Science Education Undergraduates: A Case Study of Biology Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem of the study was to analyze the results of university biology education students as a case study against gender and performance and empirically determine the implications of the findings to countries, such as Nigeria, South Africa and the rest of the world. The study made use of all the 344 students in the levels from 100 to 400 of…

Ochonogor, Chukunoye Enunuwe

2011-01-01

399

A Call for a Community of Practice to Assess the Impact of Emerging Technologies on Undergraduate Biology Education  

PubMed Central

Recent recommendations for educational research encourage empirically tested, theory-based, completely transparent, and broadly applicable studies. In light of these recommendations, we call for a research standard and community of practice in the evaluation of technology use in the undergraduate life science classroom. We outline appropriate research methodology, review and critique the past research on technology usage and, lastly, suggest a new and improved focus for research on emerging technologies.

Jensen, Jamie L.; Dario-Becker, Juville; Hughes, Lee E.; Amburn, D. Sue Katz; Shaw, Joyce A.

2012-01-01

400

Teaching post-mortem external examination in undergraduate medical education—The formal and the informal curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

In undergraduate medical education, the training of post-mortem external examination on dead bodies might evoke strong emotional reactions in medical students that could counteract the intended learning goals. We evaluated student perception of a forensic medicine course, their perceived learning outcome (via self-assessment) and possible tutor-dependent influences on the overall evaluation of the course by a questionnaire-based survey among 150

Sven Anders; Dorothee Fischer-Bruegge; Merle Fabian; Tobias Raupach; Corinna Petersen-Ewert; Sigrid Harendza

2011-01-01

401

Interactive Technology Impact on Quality Distance Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study to determine if existing technology is adequate for the delivery of quality distance education. The survey sample was 392 respondents from a non -traditional graduate level. The study included 15 descriptive questions on course assessment and satisfaction. The three hypotheses used Chi-square to find relationships between interactivity and three other variables: progress, communication mode,

Samer Hijazi; Prosper Bernard; Michel Plaisent; Lassana Maguiraga

2003-01-01

402

Qualities of Influential Literacy Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online survey of award-winning literacy teachers was conducted to determine the most influential qualities of literacy teacher educators in teacher preparation programs. Sixty-two recipients of literacy awards participated in the study, representing teachers of excellence from all U.S. geographic regions. Using a backward mapping process,…

Wold, Linda S.; Young, Janet R.; Risko, Victoria J.

2011-01-01

403

Positive Psychology and Quality Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss concepts of positive psychology related to quality physical education. Positive psychology and the scientific study of happiness refer to three paths or pursuits: the pleasant life (positive emotion), the engaged life (engagement), and the meaningful life (meaning). When individuals are aware of, pursue,…

Cherubini, Jeffrey

2009-01-01

404

Application of information technology in quality education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality education is a universal goal. This decade was marked by rapid advances and changes in many aspects of human activity, often taken together as the sign of a shift into knowledge era. Such advances and changes have stimulated many discussions about the role of information technology (IT) in teaching and learning. Given the deep technological, economic and policy changes

Seng Dewen

2010-01-01

405

Positive Psychology and Quality Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to discuss concepts of positive psychology related to quality physical education. Positive psychology and the scientific study of happiness refer to three paths or pursuits: the pleasant life (positive emotion), the engaged life (engagement), and the meaningful life (meaning). When individuals are aware of, pursue,…

Cherubini, Jeffrey

2009-01-01

406

Qualities of Influential Literacy Teacher Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An online survey of award-winning literacy teachers was conducted to determine the most influential qualities of literacy teacher educators in teacher preparation programs. Sixty-two recipients of literacy awards participated in the study, representing teachers of excellence from all U.S. geographic regions. Using a backward mapping process,…

Wold, Linda S.; Young, Janet R.; Risko, Victoria J.

2011-01-01

407

Medical education today: globalising with quality.  

PubMed

With globalization education has become a tradable service governed by the rules and regulations of GATS and worth trillions of dollars. International standards are rapidly being developed to facilitate cross border supply of services. In medical education, the WFME has produced International Guidelines on Quality in Medical Education which has a regional equivalent in the WHO Western Pacific Region, and the IIME has defined the minimum essential requirements of standards in medical education in seven core competences. Malaysia, having an explicit policy of making education a sector for revenue generation, has put in place regulatory frameworks and incentives to make the country a centre of educational excellence. Within the ambit of this national aspiration, medical education has grown phenomenally in the last decade. Standards and procedures for accreditation of medical schools in line with the world standards have been developed and implemented and policies are enforced to facilitate compliance to the standards. The ultimate goal is for medical schools to be self-accredited. In striving towards self-accreditation medical schools should be innovative in making changes in the three requirements of medical education. These are the intellectual and social imperatives and strategies for effective implementation. PMID:16315616

Shahabudin, S H

2005-08-01

408

Undergraduate nursing students' knowledge and attitudes towards organ donation in Korea: Implications for education.  

PubMed

Organ donation from brain dead patients is a contentious issue in Korea within the cultural context of Confucian beliefs. Each year thousands of patients wait for organ donation note poor donation rates and importance of nurses in identifying potential donors. It is therefore important to identify knowledge levels and attitudes towards organ donation from brain dead patients of nursing students as future health workers. Using a 38-item instrument previously developed by the researchers, 292 undergraduate students in a Korean nursing college were surveyed in 2003 in Korea (response rate 92%). Validity and reliability of the instrument was demonstrated using a multiple analytical approach. A lack of knowledge regarding diagnostic tests and co-morbid factors of brain death were noted among students. Their attitudes toward organ donation were somewhat mixed and ambiguous, but overall they were positive and willing to be a potential donor in the future. While this study identified that an effective educational program is necessary for nursing students in Korea to improve their knowledge of brain death and organ donation, further research is also required to verify these single-site findings and improve the generalisability of results. PMID:16540211

Kim, Jung-Ran Theresa; Fisher, Murray J; Elliott, Doug

2006-03-15

409

Exposure to the field of renal transplantation during undergraduate medical education in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of surgeons in the field of renal transplantation, with a predicted shortage of over 20 consultants by the year 2005. Early positive exposure to the field, commencing at undergraduate level, has been identified as being vital to improving rates of recruitment. This study was performed to assess the exposure of undergraduates to the field of

Anusha G Edwards; Alex Newman; Justin D Morgan

2005-01-01

410

AC 2007-696: INTEGRATING CHINESE STUDENTS INTO UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Chinese students have been entering graduate engineering programs in the United States for over 25 years. However, until recently, Chinese undergraduate students have not been included in this trend. Chinese undergraduate students are now transferring into Engineering Technology programs,in the United States. This paper reports on the performance,of the students in technical courses and the challenges they face during

Rebecca Blust

2007-01-01

411

The biologist's apprentices: A role for undergraduate research in premedical science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manuscript represents a project in two parts. Part one describes the perceptions of physicians, scientists and undergraduate researchers concerning if\\/why participation in undergraduate research is preparative for aspiring physicians. These communities in large part perceive that scientific habits appropriated through participation in professional research laboratories orient premedical students to medical classroom and clinical practices. Reasons for these perceptions are

Philip Kudish

2009-01-01

412

Interdisciplinary Collaborative Learning: Using Decision Analysts to Enhance Undergraduate International Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes an experiential learning activity designed to promote the development of decision-making skills in international management students at the undergraduate level. Students from an undergraduate management science course in decision analysis served as consultants on a case assigned to teams in an international management…

Palocsay, Susan W.; White, Marion M.; Zimmerman, D. Kent

2004-01-01

413

Characteristics of Undergraduate Borrowers: 1999-2000. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes student borrowing by comparing different groups of undergraduate borrowers. Two sets of borrower groups are examined: (1) high, medium, low, and nonborrowers as defined by borrowing from all sources in 1999-2000 (excluding federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students and loans from family or friends); and (2) Stafford loan…

Clinedinst, Melissa E.; Cunningham, Alisa F.; Merisotis, Jamie P.

414

Impact of Undergraduate Research on Academic Performance, Educational Planning, and Career Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An undergraduate research mentoring program (URMP), initiated at Texas A&M University-Kingsville, was developed (1) to aid undergraduate wildlife students in the design, conduct, and analysis of original research projects; and (2) to encourage students to become effective written and oral communicators by preparing a manuscript of their research…

Kinkel, Doreen H.; Henke, Scott E.

2006-01-01

415

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

416

Marital and Parental Relationship Quality and Educational Outcomes for Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the effects of parental marital quality and the quality of the parent–child relationship on the educational progress of adolescents. Previous research indicates that family structure and economic capacity have significant effects on educational achievement and high school graduation rates. Few studies, however, examined the effects of the quality of the parental relationship on the educational outcomes of

Dennis K. Orthner; Hinckley Jones-Sanpei; Elizabeth C. Hair; Kristin A. Moore; Randal D. Day; Kelleen Kaye

2009-01-01

417

Service Quality in Higher Education Using an Enhanced SERVQUAL Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Customer service and quality are driving forces in the business community. As higher educational institutions tussle for competitive advantage and high service quality, the evaluation of educational service quality is essential to provide motivation for and to give feedback on the effectiveness of educational plans and implementation. This…

Tan, Kay C.; Kek, Sei W.

2004-01-01

418

Quality in Distance Education: Exploring the Issues and Concerns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the use of online training and education increases, the need for assuring quality in distance education continues to be a topic of much debate. Due to the nature of distance education, the difference in the delivery of instruction is at the center of this quality debate. This paper will explore the issues and concerns of quality instruction and…

Claus, Edna Q.

2006-01-01

419

The academic voice in English and Czech higher education quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper sets out to report on a research project investigating the academic voice in higher education quality in the UK and the Czech Republic. It aims to describe the origins and reasons for introducing quality monitoring and assurance into higher education, showing the differences and impacts on higher education quality in England and the Czech Republic, including

Patricie Mertova; Len Webster

2009-01-01

420

The Academic Voice in English and Czech Higher Education Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper sets out to report on a research project investigating the academic voice in higher education quality in the UK and the Czech Republic. It aims to describe the origins and reasons for introducing quality monitoring and assurance into higher education, showing the differences and impacts on higher education quality in England…

Mertova, Patricie; Webster, Len

2009-01-01

421

Quality issues in the internationalisation of higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the quality issue has become a central preoccupation inother domains of higher education, current internationalisation policiesand practices in higher education have developed without much concernfor quality assurance. The central thesis of this paper is that we havecome to a point in the development of higher education whereinternationalisation policies and practices face the limits of theirdevelopment unless the quality challenge

Dirk Van Damme

2001-01-01

422

Integrating quality and safety competencies into undergraduate nursing using student-designed simulation.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether an innovative teaching approach, a student-led simulation, was effective in increasing students' quality and safety knowledge, skills, and attitudes in the six Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competency areas. The sample included students (N = 141) enrolled in a traditional and accelerated leadership course in the baccalaureate-nursing program at a midwestern public university during the fall 2009 semester. A quasi-experimental pretest and posttest design was used. Paired-samples t tests were used to analyze the data. Overall scores on the self-inventory in the traditional (p < 0.001) and accelerated (p = 0.011) groups significantly increased. Knowledge and safety test scores in both the traditional (knowledge: p < .001; safety: p = 0.028) and accelerated (knowledge: p = 0.027; safety: p = 0.03) groups increased significantly. The innovation significantly improved students' self-efficacy and knowledge related to the quality and safety competencies. PMID:21534498

Piscotty, Ronald; Grobbel, Claudia; Tzeng, Huey-Ming

2011-04-29

423

Reengineering Undergraduate Teaching by Introducing Internet-Based Learning Information Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates how internet-based learning information systems can be used to reengineer undergraduate teaching in the age of mass higher education. We describe current problems of undergraduate teaching by using an example of an introductory course in information technology at the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration. We argue that an internet-based learning information system supports specialisation, quality

Petra Meier; Bernd Simon

2000-01-01

424

An Assessment of Burnout in Undergraduate Athletic Training Education Program Directors  

PubMed Central

Context: Athletic training education program directors (ATEPDs) often manage their time among students, program administration, and patient care. Objective: To assess the level of burnout in ATEPDs and to determine the relationship between burnout and various demographics of ATEPDs. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Public and private colleges and universities nationwide. Patients or Other Participants: Two hundred forty-nine ATEPDs of undergraduate athletic training education programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education. Intervention(s): We administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to all participants. Main Outcome Measure(s): The MBI consisted of 21 items assessing 3 characteristics of burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Another component of the survey requested demographic information about the ATEPDs. We used univariate, multivariate, and factorial analyses of variance with the ? level set a priori at .05. We also calculated Pearson product moment correlation coefficients. Results: Women had greater emotional exhaustion than men (20.67 ± 9.43 and 16.47 ± 9.64, respectively) (P ?=? .001). The difference between tenure-status groups for emotional exhaustion was significant (P ?=? .014), with tenure-track ATEPDs scoring higher on emotional exhaustion than tenured ATEPDs. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients revealed a weak negative relationship among emotional exhaustion and age (r ?=? ?0.263, P < .001), years of program director experience (r ?=? ?0.157, P ?=? .013), and years at current job (r ?=? ?0.162, P ?=? .010), indicating that as ATEPDs aged, gained more experience, and stayed in their current jobs, their emotional exhaustion scores decreased. There was also a weak negative relationship between age and depersonalization (r ?=? ?0.171, P ?=? .007). There was a weak positive relationship between years at current job and personal accomplishment (r ?=? 0.197, P ?=? .002). Conclusions: We found that ATEPDs experienced a moderate form of emotional exhaustion burnout and low depersonalization and personal accomplishment burnout, with women experiencing greater emotional exhaustion than males. Additionally, ATEPDs in tenure-track positions experienced greater emotional exhaustion than tenured ATEPDs. The ATEPDs need to obtain healthy coping strategies early within their directorships to manage components related to burnout.

Walter, Jessica M; Van Lunen, Bonnie L; Walker, Stacy E; Ismaeli, Zahra C; Onate, James A

2009-01-01

425

Evaluating the Quality of Education at Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: Educational evaluation is a process which deals with data collection and assessment of academic activities’ progress. In this research, educational evaluation of Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, which trains students in undergraduate and residency courses, was studied. Methods: This descriptive study was done with a model of educational evaluation in ten steps and 13 fields including purposes and mission objectives, management and organization, academic board members, students, human resources and support, educational, research, health and treatment spaces, educational, diagnostic, research and laboratory tools, educational, research, health and treatment programs and courses, process of teaching and learning, evaluation and assessment, alumni, and patients satisfaction. Data were collected using observation, interviews, questionnaires, and checklists. Results: Results of the study were mainly qualitative and in some cases quantitative, based on defined optimal situation. The total mean of qualitative results of educational evaluation of dentistry school in all 13 fields was 55.98% which is relatively desirable. In the case of quantitative ones, results of some fields such as treatment quality of patients and education and learning of the students were relatively desirable (61.32% and 60.16% respectively). Conclusion: According to the results, educational goals and missions, educational and research facilities and spaces which were identified as the weakest areas need to be considered and paid more serious attention.

Farzianpour, Fereshteh; Monzavi, Abbas; Yassini, Esmaeil

2011-01-01

426

Students' performing of practical research tasks for their scientific qualification - an approach within the family practice internship in undergraduate education  

PubMed Central

Background: Future physicians should be educated in evidence-based medicine. So it is of growing importance for medical students to acquire both practical medical and basic research competencies. However, possibilities and concepts focusing on the acquisition of basic practical research competencies during undergraduate medical studies in Germany are rare. Therefore the aim of this article is to develop a didactic and methodological concept for research-based teaching and learning based on the initial results from the block placement in general practice. Methods: Connecting medical didactic approaches with classic educational control measures (knowledge, acceptance and transfer evaluation, process evaluation, and outcome evaluation). Results: We describe the steps for implementing a research task into the block placement in general practice. Also stressed is the need to develop didactic material and the introduction of structural changes. Furthermore, these steps are integrated with the individual educational control measures. A summary serves to illustrate the learning and teaching concept (Block Placement Plus). Conclusion: The conceptualisation of the Block Placement Plus leads to changes in the daily life routine of medical education during the undergraduate block placement in general practice. The concept can in principle be transferred to other courses. It may serve as an instrument for teachers within the framework of a longitudinal curriculum for the scientific qualification of medical students.

Mosshammer, Dirk; Roos, Marco J.; Kronenthaler, Andrea; Lorenz, Gernot; Eissler, Manfred; Joos, Stefanie

2011-01-01

427

Improving Quality and Efficiency of Postpartum Hospital Education  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate the implementation of an evidence-based, streamlined, education process (comprehensive education booklet, individualized education plan, and integration of education into the clinical pathway) and nurse education to improve the quality and efficiency of postpartum education during hospitalization. A one-group pretest–posttest design was used to measure the quality of discharge teaching for new mothers and efficiency of the education process for registered nurses before and after implementation of an intervention. Results indicated that a comprehensive educational booklet and enhanced documentation can improve efficiency in the patient education process for nurses.

Buchko, Barbara L.; Gutshall, Connie H.; Jordan, Elizabeth T.

2012-01-01

428

Expanding Course Goals Beyond Disciplinary Boundaries: Physiology Education in an Undergraduate Course on Psychoactive Drugs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The topic of psychoactive drugs is one of inherent interest to college students. We used this insight to design and implement a multidisciplinary undergraduate course with psychoactive drugs as the central theme.

Joseph A. Near (Indiana University School of Medicine Medical Sciences); PhD Bruce J. Martin (Indiana University School of Medicine Medical Sciences Program)

2007-06-01

429

Quality assurance in post-secondary education : Some common approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this paper, although not meant to be exhaustive, is to review

Dennis Chung Sea Law

2010-01-01

430

The Idea of Quality in Higher Education: A Conceptual Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper suggests that the idea of quality in higher education is ideologically constructed and conducted. In a spiral of mutual reinforcements, quality regimes naturalise experience, while the theories of that practice legitimise the naturalness of "quality". I shall suggest that quality regimes provide too narrow readings of higher education.…

Filippakou, Ourania

2011-01-01

431

The Idea of Quality in Higher Education: A Conceptual Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper suggests that the idea of quality in higher education is ideologically constructed and conducted. In a spiral of mutual reinforcements, quality regimes naturalise experience, while the theories of that practice legitimise the naturalness of "quality". I shall suggest that quality regimes provide too narrow readings of higher education.…

Filippakou, Ourania

2011-01-01

432

The Quality-Interactivity Relationship in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses elements that help define the term "quality" in distance education, emphasizing the need for interaction between all components in the process. Topics include three generations of distance education; quality as process management; the relationship between technology, interactivity, and quality; cost-quality ratio; and cost-benefits…

Trentin, Guglielmo

2000-01-01

433

Urgent need for contraceptive education and services in Chinese unmarried undergraduates: A multi-campus survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  In order to ascertain prevalence rate of premarital sexual intercourse, unintended pregnancy and abortion, and evaluate associated\\u000a factors of unintended pregnancy among undergraduates from all over China, the representative sample of unmarried undergraduates\\u000a was obtained by using a multi-stage, stratified, probability cluster design, and data were collected by using a survey questionnaire.\\u000a 62 326 available responders were gained. 11.6% of

Yuanzhong Zhou; Jinwen Xiong; Jie Li; Shiyun Huang; Xuejun Shang; Guohui Liu; Meimei Zhang; Pin Yin; Sheng Wei; Chengliang Xiong

2011-01-01

434

Doctors or technicians: assessing quality of medical education  

PubMed Central

Medical education institutions usually adapt industrial quality management models that measure the quality of the process of a program but not the quality of the product. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of industrial quality management models on medical education and students, and to highlight the importance of introducing a proper educational quality management model. Industrial quality management models can measure the training component in terms of competencies, but they lack the educational component measurement. These models use performance indicators to assess their process improvement efforts. Researchers suggest that the performance indicators used in educational institutions may only measure their fiscal efficiency without measuring the quality of the educational experience of the students. In most of the institutions, where industrial models are used for quality assurance, students are considered as customers and are provided with the maximum services and facilities possible. Institutions are required to fulfill a list of recommendations from the quality control agencies in order to enhance student satisfaction and to guarantee standard services. Quality of medical education should be assessed by measuring the impact of the educational program and quality improvement procedures in terms of knowledge base development, behavioral change, and patient care. Industrial quality models may focus on academic support services and processes, but educational quality models should be introduced in parallel to focus on educational standards and products.

Hasan, Tayyab

2010-01-01

435

Using quality management procedures in education: Managing the learner?centered educational environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now, the role of quality management in education is increasing. Managing for quality is now one of the major issues for educational organizations. One of the key tasks for education managers is to provide the learning process participants with an effective and motivating educational environment. Management of the educational environment presupposes giving a particular attention to students’ needs and requirements

Yulia Stukalina

2010-01-01

436

Is On-Line Distance Education a Viable Alternative for Undergraduates? An Experiment with the Students in Georgia, the Professor in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the results of a study conducted with non-IS undergraduate students undertaking an online distance education class. Although the sample size is small and there is some self-selection, it provides some preliminary answers to what such students see as the advantages and disadvantages of online education, whether these perceptions…

Dick, Geoffrey N.; Hanna, Mark

437

Reforming the Undergraduate Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The higher education literature abounds with reports and studies calling for reform in undergraduate education. An alphabet soup of higher education associations creates or advocates desired learning outcomes for postsecondary education and endorses approaches for student learning. This article shows connections between some of the major…

VanderPol, Diane; Brown, Jeanne M.; Iannuzzi, Patricia

2008-01-01

438

Enhancing Leadership Quality. TQ Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Quality (TQ) Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality is an online resource developed by the TQ Center. It is designed to help education practitioners tap into strategies and resources they can use to enhance educator quality. This publication is based on the TQ Source Tips & Tools topic area "Enhancing…

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008

2008-01-01

439

An Empirical Study on the Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Thesis in Shanghai  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Shanghai Education Evaluation Institute (SEEI), expanding from the Shanghai Evaluation Institute for Higher Education first established in 1996, is an institution under the management of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission. Among the provincial education evaluation agencies in China, it is by far the largest in terms of its scale and…

Chaohong, Guo

2009-01-01

440

An Empirical Study on the Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Thesis in Shanghai  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Shanghai Education Evaluation Institute (SEEI), expanding from the Shanghai Evaluation Institute for Higher Education first established in 1996, is an institution under the management of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission. Among the provincial education evaluation agencies in China, it is by far the largest in terms of its scale and…

Chaohong, Guo

2009-01-01

441

Developing Effective Undergraduate Research Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate research is a valuable educational tool for students pursuing a degree in physics, but these experiences can become problematic and ineffective if not handled properly. Undergraduate research should be planned as an immersive learning experience in which the student has the opportunity to develop his\\/her skills in accordance with their interests. Effective undergraduate research experiences are marked by clear,

Michael Evans; Carolina C. Ilie

2011-01-01

442

INFLUENCING HEALTHCARE QUALITY: EDUCATING PATIENTS, NURSES, AND STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

65 Education is a critically important enterprise to the healthcare system and is presumed to directly affect the quality of patient care, systems functions, and institutional efficiency. It can be expensive to develop quality educa- tion programs and also expensive to educate poorly. High costs associated with a failure to educate include the select liabilities associated with fail- ures in

Patti Rager Zuzelo

443

Healthy Water Healthy People Water Quality Educators Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 200-page activity guide for educators of students in grades six through university level raises the awareness and understanding of water quality issues and their relationship to personal, public and environmental health. "Healthy Water Healthy People Water Quality Educators Guide" will help educators address science standards through 25…

Project WET Foundation, 2003

2003-01-01

444

Healthy Water Healthy People Water Quality Educators Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 200-page activity guide for educators of students in grades six through university level raises the awareness and understanding of water quality issues and their relationship to personal, public and environmental health. "Healthy Water Healthy People Water Quality Educators Guide" will help educators address science standards through 25…

Project WET Foundation, 2003

2003-01-01

445

Educational attainment, perceived control and the quality of women's diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Data from the Southampton Women's Survey have established that women of lower educational attainment have poorer quality diets than those of higher educational attainment. This relationship is strong and graded such that for every increase in level of educational qualification, there is an increase in the likelihood that a woman will have a better quality diet. It is not

Mary Barker; Wendy Lawrence; Sarah Crozier; Siân Robinson; Janis Baird; Barrie Margetts; Cyrus Cooper

2009-01-01

446

Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Engineering Education in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a study of the quality assurance and accreditation in the Jordanian higher education sector and focuses mainly on engineering education. It presents engineering education, accreditation and quality assurance in Jordan and considers the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) for a case study. The study highlights…

Aqlan, Faisal; Al-Araidah, Omar; Al-Hawari, Tarek

2010-01-01

447

Evaluation of existing curriculum (2002) of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This study was conducted for evaluation of existing MBBS curriculum (2002) of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh. The specific objectives of this study were: i) to assess the subject wise course content coverage in the new MBBS curriculum, ii) to assess different examination system for evaluation of MBBS students, iii) to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching and learning activities under the curriculum, iv) to explore students opinions regarding improvement of new curriculum. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted among the students of Dhaka medical colleges of Bangladesh in 2008. Data was collected by self administered structured questioner adopting convenient sampling method. About ninety percent students opined that the coverage of course content of subjects in the curriculum in Phase I was enough. In case of the subjects in phase II except community medicine more than four fifth of the students expressed their opinion about coverage of course content in the curriculum as enough. In case of phase III it was mentioned by most of the students that coverage of course content was enough. Study revealed that teaching methods were perceived suitable by about three fourth of the respondents, to achieve learning objectives. Most of the students expressed their positive views regarding practice of block posting teaching. More than three fourth of the students perceived that formative assessment was encouraging for students to become time bound learner and Structured Oral Examination (SOE) was fair on an average. Only 31(8.6%) of the respondents had opinion that Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE)/Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) was not well organized. About half of the students opined that 20% marks in written test should be allocated for Multiple Choice Question (MCQ). Students' suggestions regarding teaching were: there should be smaller group sessions; more interactive sessions; more clinical and practical sessions; more problem oriented sessions; more sessions with senior and experienced teachers; teachers should follow the curriculum properly; and should be well prepared for class. Regarding assessment suggestions were: written script of the formative examination should be returned to students with feedback; teachers should not be biased. Study recommended that training of the teachers on teaching methodology and assessment system is needed; teachers should provide feedback to the students according to the performance of the formative assessment at the individual level; to maintain the standards of assessment proper planning, designing, conduction and evaluation of assessment should be taken into consideration; subject wise review and updating is essential to make the curriculum more need based, user friendly and applicable considering context of Bangladesh. PMID:21522092

Hussain, M M; Talukder, H K; Moazzem, N; Rashid, A; Hanif, A; Nargis, T

2011-04-01

448

Going from lectures to expeditions: Creating a virtual voyage in undergraduate ocean science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The WWW provides for new collaborations in distributed learning in higher education. The lead author has developed a highly successful online course at the undergraduate level with an enrollment of more than 300 non-science majors each year, We are currently initiating a new focus for the course by emphasizing sea-going research, primarily in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, through the development of a virtual oceanographic voyage over the WWW. The "virtual voyage" courseware combines elements of experiential learning with anytime, anywhere access of the WWW to stimulate inquiry-based learning in the ocean sciences. The first leg of the voyage is currently being synthesized from contemporary ocean research sponsored by a collaboration of U.S. government agencies, including NSF, NOAA, and the USGS. The initial portion of this effort involves transforming portions of USGS Circular 1198, Beyond the Golden Gate -- Oceanography, Geology, Biology, and Environmental Issues in the Gulf of the Farallones, into an interactive expedition by which students participate as scientists aboard a research vessel departing from San Francisco. Virtual experiments on the voyage are patterned after research cruises over the past decade in two national marine sanctuaries and include the technologies of data acquisition and data analysis, as well as providing insight into the methodologies of working marine scientists. Real-time data for monitoring the marine environment are embedded into several modules; for example, students will analyze data from offshore buoys and satellite imagery to assess ocean conditions prior to departing from port. Multibeam sonar is used to create seafloor maps near the Golden Gate Bridge and sediment cores provide evidence of sea-level change in the region. Environmental studies in the region include locating canisters of low-level radioactive waste and assessing potential sites for the disposal for dredged materials from the San Francisco Bay. Upon completion of these studies, the voyage turns northward to examine the seismic potential of the Cascadia subduction zone and hydrothermal vent communities on the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Although the project takes advantage of the natural interest of students in California through a geographic focus, it may also serve as a template for creating similar learning environments based elsewhere in the world.

Reed, D.; Garfield, N.; Locke, J.; Anglin, J.; Karl, H.; Edwards, B.

2003-04-01

449

Science as a general education: Conceptual science should constitute the compulsory core of multi-disciplinary undergraduate degrees.  

PubMed

It is plausible to assume that in the future science will form the compulsory core element both of school curricula and multi-disciplinary undergraduate degrees. But for this to happen entails a shift in the emphasis and methods of science teaching, away from the traditional concern with educating specialists and professionals. Traditional science teaching was essentially vocational, designed to provide precise and comprehensive scientific knowledge for practical application. By contrast, future science teaching will be a general education, hence primarily conceptual. Its aim should be to provide an education in flexible rationality. Vocational science teaching was focused on a single-discipline undergraduate degree, but a general education in abstract systematic thinking is best inculcated by studying several scientific disciplines. In this sense, 'science' is understood as mathematics and the natural sciences, but also the abstract and systematic aspects of disciplines such as economics, linguistics, music theory, history, sociology, political science and management science. Such a wide variety of science options in a multi-disciplinary degree will increase the possibility of student motivation and aptitude. Specialist vocational science education will progressively be shifted to post-graduate level, in Masters and Doctoral programs. A multi-disciplinary and conceptually-based science core curriculum should provide an appropriate preparation for dealing with the demands of modern societies; their complex and rapidly changing social systems; and the need for individual social and professional mobility. Training in rational conceptual thinking also has potential benefits to human health and happiness, since it allows people to over-ride inappropriate instincts, integrate conflicting desires and pursue long-term goals. PMID:16368198

Charlton, Bruce G

2005-12-20

450

How do training, education, and experience affect quality in radiology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of care is attracting increasing attention from payers, regulators, and consumers. The assumption that training, education, and experience are major determinants of quality and safety permeates the health care delivery system. However, the relationship between quality and training, education, and experience is neither straightforward nor well documented, particularly for the practice of radiology. A recent Institute of Medicine

Jeffrey C Weinreb; Pamela A Wilcox

2004-01-01

451

The implementation of quality management in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of any society allows everyone to discover, enhance and use their own skills. Without access to education, the previous statement has no meaning. In order to function properly, the whole education system must be based on a very high level of quality. The quality system is a combination of organizational structures, responsibilities, procedures and management resources to implement

Oana Maria Rezeanu

2011-01-01

452

Examination of the Dimensions of Quality in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, numerous studies in the field of service quality have been carried out. However, relatively few studies have addressed the specific context of higher education. The purpose of this study has been to examine what dimensions constitute quality in higher education and to compare these with the dimensions of quality that have been…

Lagrosen, Stefan; Seyyed-Hashemi, Roxana; Leitner, Markus

2004-01-01

453

Benchmarking Potential Factors Leading to Education Quality: A Study of Cambodian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To study the quality in higher education in Cambodia and explore the potential factors leading to quality in Cambodian higher education. Design/methodology/approach: Five main factors that were deemed relevant in providing quality in Cambodian higher education were proposed: academic curriculum and extra-curricular activities, teachers'…

Chen, Ching-Yaw; Sok, Phyra; Sok, Keomony

2007-01-01

454

Ensuring Quality of Digital Library Learning Objects for Computational Physics and Astronomy Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Computational Science Education Reference Desk, a Pathway project of the National Science Digital Library, is establishing quality control processes to ensure quality of learning objects in its catalog. Objects in the catalog typically involve simulations, and we apply standard verification and validation processes for the simulation and modeling community to each object. Additionally, we use an accreditation process to ensure the appropriateness of materials for their intended audience. The process has been piloted initially with computational biology, chemistry, and mathematics materials in the CSERD catalog, and we are currently seeking reviewers to assist in the evaluation of objects in the fields of physics and astronomy. The initial testing of our review process has shown that a significant portion of the work in reviewing learning objects can be performed by appropriately selected undergraduates, and the results of using undergraduates in science-content degrees for validation testing as well as students in education degrees for accreditation testing will be discussed, along with ideas for using verification, validation, and accreditation of digital learning objects as a classroom activity. These questions of “Is the model well crafted, is the science right, and is the tool useful?” are fundamentally driven by the process of scientific inquiry and can be used to help students better understand the scientific method. This work supported by the National Science Foundation’s NSDL program, DUE-0435187.

Joiner, David A.

2006-12-01

455

Industry-sponsored student projects to promote power quality education  

SciTech Connect

At Widener University, undergraduate power engineering students are exposed to the practical issues of power quality through the Senior Design Project Program. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of two industry-sponsored senior design projects on power quality: Effect of Harmonic Current Distortion on Power Transformer Capability, sponsored by the Philadelphia Electric Company (PECO), and Power Quality Survey of a Commercial System, sponsored by BCM Engineers. The success of these student projects has promoted interest in power engineering as a career for many of the group members and generated enrollment in the senior-level power program.

Aniba, M.A.; Bradley, K.M.; Hurff, S.A.; Mercede, F.J. (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Widener Univ., Chester, PA (United States))

1992-11-01

456

Expanding Course Goals beyond Disciplinary Boundaries: Physiology Education in an Undergraduate Course on Psychoactive Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of psychoactive drugs is one of inherent interest to college students. We used this insight to design and implement a multidisciplinary undergraduate course with psychoactive drugs as the central theme. The Medical Science of Psychoactive Drugs examines the biological mechanisms underlying all major effects of psychoactive drugs,…

Near, Joseph A.; Martin, Bruce J.

2007-01-01

457

RESEARCH EXPERIENCES WITH UNDERGRADUATES: A DISCUSSION FROM THE MATHEMATICAL EDUCATIONAL POINT OF VIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

My experience in doing research experience with undergraduates in the last 15 years will be described. We will discuss: sample problems which will connect and attract students, how to explore the strengths of students to do research, beneflts gained by the students and advisors in the process. The discussion can be viewed as a follow-up and expansion of my article

CHI-KWONG LI

458

The Values Profile of Nursing Undergraduate Students: Implications for Education and Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Values Scale results were compared for 152 nursing and 111 management undergraduates. Personal development and altruism were most important for nursing students, who had significantly lower means than the management sample on a t-test for lifestyle, advancement, autonomy, authority, creativity, economic, and risk values. (SK)

Thorpe, Karran; Loo, Robert

2003-01-01

459

The Sattvic Curriculum: A Three- Level, Non-Western, Superstructure for Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Critical of approaches that treat internationalization as the addition of multicultural elements to a Western curriculum, the author makes an even more radical proposal. Specifically, he explores the possibility of internationalizing the undergraduate curriculum by organizing it around a non-Western framework rooted in Indian philosophy, thereby…

Haigh, Martin

2009-01-01

460

The educational preparation of undergraduate nursing students in pharmacology: perceptions and experiences of lecturers and students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the perceptions and experiences of lecturers and undergraduate nursing students relating to teaching and learning issues in pharmacology. A total of 14 focus group interviews were conducted at 10 university settings, which involved seven academic staff and seven student interviews. The focus group interviewing method was used because it enabled all participants to have ‘a say’, facilitated

Elizabeth Manias; Shane Bullock

2002-01-01

461

Creating Spaces for International and Multi(inter)cultural Perspectives in Undergraduate Public Relations Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers students' views on the need to bridge the gap between current undergraduate curricular content and the international and multi(inter)cultural complexities of today's industry. Indicates that students are far from apathetic about multicultural and international learning. Cites certain curricular and structural impediments to expanding…

Bardhan, Nilanjana

2003-01-01

462

The Academic Opportunity Gap: How Racism and Stereotypes Disrupt the Education of African American Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using Critical Race Theory as a framework, this article reveals how racism and stereotypes obstruct the academic success of black students. Through the use of focus groups, African American undergraduates from a large California State University campus, share the ways in which campus racism impacts their achievement potential as well as their…

Johnson-Ahorlu, Robin Nicole

2012-01-01

463

Rethinking Undergraduate Mathematics Education: The Importance of Classroom Climate and Self-Efficacy on Mathematics Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the growing societal demand for a more mathematically proficient work force, mathematics proficiency is viewed as a necessary component for success in today's world. To ensure proficiency, undergraduate institutions may need to "rethink" their instructional approaches to teaching mathematics. Understanding the influence of classroom climate…

Peters, Michelle Lynn; Kortecamp, Karen

2010-01-01

464

The Academic Opportunity Gap: How Racism and Stereotypes Disrupt the Education of African American Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using Critical Race Theory as a framework, this article reveals how racism and stereotypes obstruct the academic success of black students. Through the use of focus groups, African American undergraduates from a large California State University campus, share the ways in which campus racism impacts their achievement potential as well as their…

Johnson-Ahorlu, Robin Nicole

2012-01-01

465

Pursuing Global Competence in Undergraduate Business Education: Use of an International Consulting Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a program at Ohio University that teaches international business global competence to undergraduate students utilizing a project-based action learning approach. Program components include international business training on campus; a consulting project in Hungary, Malaysia, or Spain; international touring; and a paper offering the…

Sherman, Hugh D.

1999-01-01

466

Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences Newsletter, Volume 7 Number 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three articles in this newsletter describe investigative laboratory programs; two in marine or coastal biology (Hopkins Marine Station and the Bahamas field station of Earlham College), and the other a botany course at Colorado College. In all cases undergraduate students are expected to plan and conduct biological research, after being presented…

Commission on Undergraduate Education in the Biological Sciences, Washington, DC.

467

Enhancing the Teaching and Learning Process of Undergraduate Education at Large Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified courses associated with improvements in the writing skills of 455 first semester, freshman undergraduates at a large research university. Secondarily, faculty who taught these courses were interviewed to explore their teaching practices, course designs, and evaluation techniques. The same group of students was invited back…

Jones, Elizabeth A.; Nugent, Michael

468

The Values Profile of Nursing Undergraduate Students: Implications for Education and Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Values Scale results were compared for 152 nursing and 111 management undergraduates. Personal development and altruism were most important for nursing students, who had significantly lower means than the management sample on a t-test for lifestyle, advancement, autonomy, authority, creativity, economic, and risk values. (SK)|

Thorpe, Karran; Loo, Robert

2003-01-01

469

Rethinking Undergraduate Mathematics Education: The Importance of Classroom Climate and Self-Efficacy on Mathematics Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Given the growing societal demand for a more mathematically proficient work force, mathematics proficiency is viewed as a necessary component for success in today's world. To ensure proficiency, undergraduate institutions may need to "rethink" their instructional approaches to teaching mathematics. Understanding the influence of classroom climate…

Peters, Michelle Lynn; Kortecamp, Karen

2010-01-01

470

PBL in Undergraduate Medical Education: A Qualitative Study of the Views of Canadian Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and Objectives: At McMaster University, the birthplace of problem-based learning (PBL), administrators and curriculum planners have begun the process of renewing the undergraduate MD curriculum. One step has been to conduct an environmental scan that includes input from medical residents. Methods: Individual interviews with 17 medical…

Lohfeld, Lynne; Neville, Alan; Norman, Geoffrey

2005-01-01

471

Expanding Course Goals beyond Disciplinary Boundaries: Physiology Education in an Undergraduate Course on Psychoactive Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The topic of psychoactive drugs is one of inherent interest to college students. We used this insight to design and implement a multidisciplinary undergraduate course with psychoactive drugs as the central theme. The Medical Science of Psychoactive Drugs examines the biological mechanisms underlying all major effects of psychoactive drugs,…

Near, Joseph A.; Martin, Bruce J.

2007-01-01

472

Education for Action: Undergraduate and Graduate Programs That Focus on Social Change. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides graduates and undergraduates with detailed information about progressive programs for current and future activities in a variety of fields. Each entry contains a description of the program with faculty and program contact information. Listings include programs in agriculture, anthropology, area studies, development studies,…

Powell, Joan, Ed.

473

On the Edge of Mathematics and Biology Integration: Improving Quantitative Skills in Undergraduate Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, the authors describe how two institutions are helping their undergraduate biology students build quantitative competencies. Incorporation of quantitative skills and reasoning in biology are framed through a discussion of two cases that both concern introductory biology courses, but differ in the complexity of the mathematics and…

Feser, Jason; Vasaly, Helen; Herrera, Jose

2013-01-01

474

Undergraduate students’ experiences of networked learning in UK higher education: A survey-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter reports findings from a study of networked learning at the undergraduate level. It focuses on students’ expectations about, and experiences of, networked learning. The data come from questionnaires administered at the start and end of four different courses, and their interpretation is informed by a set of interviews with students and teachers involved in these and other networked

Peter Goodyear; Christopher Jones; Mireia Asensio; Vivien Hodgson; Christine Steeples

475

Cooperative Learning, Jigsaw Strategies, and Reflections of Graduate and Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classes of undergraduate and graduate students assigned to three professors were used to experience cooperative learning, jigsaw strategies, and to reflect on the process that occurred over a semester. The work is based upon theories of social interdependence, cognitive development, and behavioral learning. Pre- and post surveys were completed by…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Rodriguez, Alma D.; Rosenberg, Graciela P.

2008-01-01

476

Education, Learning, and Communications, Undergraduate Studies in Environmental Science, Session 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This set of two cassette tapes includes the proceedings of the 1969 AAAS meeting on undergraduate environmental science conference. Steven Shapiro presented a paper titled "A Call to Action." The paper focused on current environmental ethics and value systems. In addition, a wide range of environmental issues were discussed by a student panel.…

Hafner, Everett M.; And Others

477

Applying music psychology to music education: Can perceptual theory inform undergraduate harmony?  

Microsoft Academic Search

An undergraduate harmony course is presented that is grounded in recent research on the perception of harmony and tonality, and makes relevant aspects of that research accessible to music students. Perceptual theory can shed light on such general basic issues as intonation and the role of acoustics in harmonic theory, principles of chord construction, voicing and voice- leading in diatonic

Richard Parncutt

478

Undergraduate Transfers: Maryland Public Institutions of Higher Education, 2002-2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is composed of a set of tables showing, by campus, the undergraduate students who were enrolled in Maryland public colleges in 2002 and the Maryland public college to which they transferred in 2003. This analysis is possible because the Commission collects enrollment data on all students using an encrypted social security number as a…

Maryland Higher Education Commission, 2004

2004-01-01

479

Project-Based Learning in Education through an Undergraduate Lab Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three undergraduate students functioned as teaching assistants in unit ops lab for their senior project, which included developing a purchased size exclusion chromatography experiment, supervising the running of this experiment, and assisting the junior students with their calculations. They also read the reports, graded them, and commented on…

Joye, Donald D.; Hoffman, Adam; Christie, Jacqueline; Brown, Mayo; Niemczyk, Jennifer

2011-01-01

480

Applying a Hierarchical Model of Mental Growth to Educate Undergraduate Engineering Students: Preliminary Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation illustrates the framework for implementing a hierarchical model of mental growth as the basis for developing critical thinking skills and engineering judgment in engineering undergraduates. We adopt the hypotheses that mental growth constitutes a progression through a hierarchy of cognition, that the critical thinking and judgment required of engineers lies at an upper level in the hierarchy, and

S. M. Husson; D. E Hirt; D. A. Bruce; C. H. Gooding; J. M. Haile; G. M. Harrison; S. M. Kilbey; R. W. Rice; D. M. Switzer

481

A Framework for Research and Curriculum Development in Undergraduate Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past several years, a community of researchers has been using and refining aparticular framework for research and curriculum development in undergraduate mathematicseducation. The purpose of this paper is to share the results of this work with the mathematicseducation community at large by describing the current version of the framework and givingsome examples of its application.Our framework utilizes qualitative

Mark Asiala; Anne Brown; David J. Devries; Ed Dubinsky

1996-01-01

482

An interdisciplinary field robotics program for undergraduate computer science and engineering education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Santa Clara University's Robotic Systems Laboratory conducts an aggressive robotic development and operations program in which interdisciplinary teams of undergraduate students build and deploy a wide range of robotic systems, ranging from underwater vehicles to spacecraft. These year-long projects expose students to the breadth of and interdependence among engineering disciplines, the span of processes in a system development lifecycle, and

Christopher Kitts; Neil Quinn

2004-01-01

483

Disciplining the Discipline: Anthropology and the Pursuit of Quality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disciplinary knowledge in anthropology occupies a unique position in relation to quality education: anthropology in education and the anthropology of education. This essay differentiates between anthropology as a field, as a repository of content and disciplinary knowledge (anthropology in education), and anthropology as a tool, as a theoretical…

Gonzalez, Norma

2004-01-01

484

Team decision making: design, implementation and evaluation of an interprofessional education activity for undergraduate health science students.  

PubMed

Abstract An undergraduate health science student curriculum activity in interprofessional education (IPE) focused on team decision making was piloted. The IPE activity incl