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1

Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Education in China: A Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses a higher education policy issued in China in 2002: the Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Education Policy. The policy was designed with four main objectives: improvement, compliance, information and accountability. However, it has not completely fulfilled its objectives, especially regarding improvement and accountability,…

Liu, Shuiyun; Rosa, Maria Joao

2008-01-01

2

Obtaining a Picture of Undergraduate Education Quality: A Voice from inside the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to construct ranking indicators from the perspective inside of the university and shift the ranking target from overall university quality to undergraduate education quality. In dealing with the complexity of the concept of undergraduate education quality, two-stage questionnaire survey was conducted to gain comprehensive opinions…

Tang, Chia-Wei; Wu, Cheng-Ta

2010-01-01

3

Evaluating the service quality of undergraduate nursing education in Taiwan--using quality function deployment.  

PubMed

This study applies quality function deployment (QFD) techniques to evaluate the quality of service of undergraduate nursing education in Taiwan from the perspective of nursing students. Survey data from 560 undergraduate nursing students at four Taiwanese universities were subjected to QFD analysis in order to identify the quality characteristics most highly valued by students, the elements of educational service they consider most important and least important, and relationships/discrepancies between student quality requirements and institutional service elements. Results show that students value traditional elements of nursing education - clinical practice and lectures - more highly than recent additions such as computer-aided instruction and multimedia teaching. Results also show that students are looking for quality primarily in the area of faculty characteristics. The implication is that institutions which provide nursing education should not neglect the importance of investing in faculty when they are seeking to upgrade the quality of their programs. Further QFD studies are recommended to evaluate the quality of nursing education from the perspective of preceptors and nurses who help to train students in clinical settings. PMID:15110441

Chou, Shieu-Ming

2004-05-01

4

Upgrading Undergraduate Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On many campuses throughout the country, undergraduate biology education is in serious need of an upgrade. During the past few decades, the body of biological knowledge has grown exponentially, and as a research endeavor, the practice of biology has evolved. Education research has also made great strides, revealing many new insights into how…

Musante, Susan

2011-01-01

5

Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This sharp looking website is for the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education (JUNE) which "publishes peer-reviewed reports of innovations in undergraduate neuroscience education...[and] serves as a mechanism for faculty to exchange information...such as laboratory exercises, new media, curricular considerations, and teaching methods." Visitors will find the "Supplementary Materials" tab near the top of any page to contain movies, lab instructions, papers, and images. Some of the movies include an adult and juvenile "Crayfish Brain Movie," "Larval Dissection Movie" of a drosophila mutant, and "Leg Prep and Spine Stimulation" of a cockroach. The "Previous Issues" tab gives visitors the opportunity to read issues published since 2002. Recent pieces featured in JUNE include "Integrating Community Outreach into the Undergraduate Neuroscience Classroom", "Design Plans for an Inexpensive Tail Flick Analgesia Meter", and "Unquenchable Neuroscience."

2012-01-23

6

Undergraduate computer science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid development of electronic computers coupled with the very successful popularization of the actual and possible roles of computers has put higher educational institutions in a peculiar situation. Most universities and colleges, even while attempting to organize computer programs, have shown very little grasp of the need for computer science education. The computer manufacturers themselves have often seemed opposed

Preston C. Hammer

1970-01-01

7

Assessing the Quality of Undergraduate Education Students' Writing about Learning and Teaching Science. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A pilot study provided insight into difficulties experienced by 143 Yr. 2 B.Ed. students in Scotland, writing in a science education context. In studying writing, an 'academic literacies' approach was adopted, focusing on social aspects in addition to identifying flaws. In over 20% of assignments, tutors' assessments identified a need to structure…

Robertson, Isobel

2004-01-01

8

Assessing the quality of undergraduate education students' writing about learning and teaching science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A pilot study provided insight into difficulties experienced by 143 Yr. 2 B.Ed. students in Scotland, writing in a science education context. In studying writing, an 'academic literacies' approach was adopted, focusing on social aspects in addition to identifying flaws. In over 20% of assignments, tutors' assessments identified a need to structure or sequence content. In 15%, a lack of explanation and expansion of ideas was noted. Detailed examination, of a 15% sample of scripts, showed approximately half with errors in punctuation, sentence structure or word use, tending to obscure the intended meaning. A questionnaire, completed by 70% of the student cohort, indicated that the assessed task had been perceived as authentic. 25% of that sample reported finding writing about science more difficult than for other subjects. It is argued that development of writing about science is important for future teachers and must become a stronger part of an overall, inter-disciplinary, course approach.

Robertson, Isobel J.

2004-09-01

9

The $7,376 "Ivies": Value-Designed Models of Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it possible to get an "Ivy" education for $7,376 a year? Can a college provide high-quality undergraduate education at a reasonable cost? In this paper, the author explores if cost can be reduced and quality improved through the use of new "value-designed" models of undergraduate education. A value-designed model allows one to appeal to…

Fried, Vance H.

2008-01-01

10

Undergraduate medical education in Germany  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this article is to give international readers an overview of the organisation, structure and curriculum, together with important advances and problems, of undergraduate medical education in Germany. Interest in medical education in Germany has been relatively low but has gained momentum with the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" which came into effect in 2003. Medical education had required substantial reform, particularly with respect to improving the links between theoretical and clinical teaching and the extension of interdisciplinary and topic-related instruction. It takes six years and three months to complete the curriculum and training is divided into three sections: basic science (2 years), clinical science (3 years) and final clinical year. While the reorganisation of graduate medical education required by the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors" has stimulated multiple excellent teaching projects, there is evidence that some of the stipulated changes have not been implemented. Indeed, whether the medical schools have complied with this regulation and its overall success remains to be assessed systematically. Mandatory external accreditation and periodic reaccreditation of medical faculties need to be established in Germany.

Chenot, Jean-Francois

2009-01-01

11

Recommendations for Undergraduate Public Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide serves to assist faculty who are developing undergraduate courses in public health as well as educational administrators and faculty curriculum committees who are designing undergraduate public health curricula. The approach outlined in these recommendations focuses on the development of three core courses, each of which is…

Riegelman, Richard K.; Albertine, Susan

2008-01-01

12

From Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience: Encouraging Innovation in Undergraduate Neuroscience Education by Supporting Student Research and Faculty Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the organization Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience. FUN was established by a group of neuroscientists dedicated to innovation and excellence in undergraduate neuroscience education and research. In the years since its inception, FUN has grown into a dynamic organization making a significant impact on the quality of…

Hardwick, Jean C.; Kerchner, Michael; Lom, Barbara; Ramirez, Julio J.; Wiertelak, Eric P.

2006-01-01

13

Child Psychiatry Curricula in Undergraduate Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to review the amount of time devoted to child psychiatry in undergraduate medical education is conducted. Results conclude that relatively low priority is given to child psychiatry in medical education with suggestions for international teaching standards on the subject.

Sawyer, Michael Gifford; Giesen, Femke; Walter, Garry

2008-01-01

14

Undergraduate materials education 2010: Status and recommendations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In discussing undergraduate materials education in engineering schools, I begin by reviewing the historical development of today’s array of materials departments and the progress toward a true materials science and engineering (MSE) discipline. I then go on to explore the range of implications for the undergraduate curriculum that are incumbent upon these departments being situated in engineering schools, schools that are themselves undergoing great change as we enter the 21st century. Turning to the specifics of undergraduate curriculum I am able to draw on recent data compilations of others to give a reasonable picture of the developing commonality in “core” curricula in the MSE degrees that now constitute the majority of undergraduate materials degrees offered. I explore briefly the issues of continuing education demanded by an undergraduate curriculum that is increasingly broad, not deep, and then look (with some envy) at the extensive efforts to address these issues by our colleagues in the UK. The paper closes with recommendations targeted at the individual departments, their collective leadership in the University Materials Council, the professional societies, and finally the newly formed Undergraduate Education Coordinating Committee, a joint committee of several of the leading materials societies.

Schwartz, Lyle H.

2010-03-01

15

New Developments in Undergraduate Education in Public Health: Implications for Health Education and Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides an overview of efforts to improve public health and health education training and on the potential use of Critical Component Elements (CCEs) for undergraduate health education programs toward more consistent quality assurance across programs. Considered in the context of the Galway Consensus Conference, the authors discuss the…

Barnes, Michael D.; Wykoff, Randy; King, Laura Rasar; Petersen, Donna J.

2012-01-01

16

BIO2010: Transforming Undergraduate Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document provides the full text (26 pages in pdf) of a 2003 report from the National Research Council outlining some of the contributions of bioinformatics research and suggests ways to promote collaboration among the diverse disciplines within graduate and undergraduate programs. Recommendations from the report include courses, laboratory experience, and quantitative skills students in this field should have. Other issues addressed include instructional materials and approaches, project-based laboratories, and implementation of the Council's findings.

2008-01-15

17

Partnerships in Undergraduate Chemistry Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chemistry literature has been taught at the University of Florida since the 1930s. By the late 1980s, formal instruction in chemical information retrieval skills began to be integrated into the undergraduate curriculum. In the Spring of 1996, the Chemistry Selector participated in web-based instruction for a general chemistry class, CHM2040. Working closely with the course instructor, she developed a web

Carol A. Drum

1998-01-01

18

Hispanic undergraduate teacher candidates in bilingual education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of Hispanic undergraduate teacher candidates in bilingual education relative to their academic achievement. The study described the following factors: students' demographics, motivation, including teachers, the role of the family, family college record, personal drives, and students' levels of English and Spanish language proficiency. ^ Findings showed that the factors that had

Magali Figueroa-Sanchez

2005-01-01

19

Humanizing the Undergraduate Physical Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the undergraduate physical education curricula in Canadian universities revealed sparse offerings in the humanities when compared to the biophysical and social sciences. Recommendations are made to reorder the curriculum to provide better balance between the two areas. (Author/CB)

Ross, Saul

1987-01-01

20

Undergraduates of the Open Education Faculty.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the characteristics of undergraduate students in Anadolu University's Open Education Faculty (OEF) courses in economics and business administration who successfully completed their bachelor's degrees in exactly 4 school years. Data on the personal and social characteristics of students who completed the bachelor's degree…

Demiray, Ugur

21

System design projects for undergraduate design education  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Design education has received considerable in the recent past. This paper is intended to address one aspect of undergraduate design education and that is the selection and development of the design project for a capstone design course. Specific goals for a capstone design course are presented and their influence on the project selection are discussed. The evolution of a series of projects based upon the design of remotely piloted aircraft is presented along with students' perspective on the capstone experience.

Batill, S. M.; Pinkelman, J.

1993-01-01

22

Who's Washing the Dishes? Undergraduate Research Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When I was originally asked to give a talk at the DUE CCLIconference concerning undergraduate education, I agreedwith some trepidation; to be candid, I didn't even know howto correctly pronounce "pedagogy" until a couple of yearsago. I tried to talk a little about my history as a first-generationcollege student who, after earning a PhD, had a veryunique educational outreach experience and found her nichein undergraduate research and teaching. Writing up this talkproved to be even more challenging than giving it.Nonetheless, I hope I've managed to provide some insightinto my background and how, as a brand-new facultymember, I'm trying to integrate the best practices of myresearch career toward teaching science to undergraduatestudents. This is a chapter in the Preparing Undergraduates for Research and the Workforce section of the Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) April 2004 conference proceedings published under the title Invention and Impact: Building Excellence in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Education.

Hazel A. Barton (;)

2004-12-01

23

Liberal Arts Colleges and Good Practices in Undergraduate Education: Additional Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Liberal arts colleges have prided themselves on providing students with a quality undergraduate education among a scholarly community who are interested in their holistic development. Past research has found students who attended liberal arts colleges more frequently experienced Chickering and Gamson's (1987, 1991) good practices in undergraduate

Seifert, Tricia A.; Pascarella, Ernest T.; Goodman, Kathleen M.; Salisbury, Mark H.; Blaich, Charles F.

2010-01-01

24

Evaluation of Undergraduate Teaching at Institutions of Higher Education in China: Problems and Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the achievements of the first cycle of undergraduate teaching evaluation at institutions of higher education in China. Existing problems are identified, and suggestions are made for corresponding reforms for improving the standard and quality of China's undergraduate teaching evaluation.

Yukun, Chen

2009-01-01

25

Reinventing Undergraduate Education: A Blueprint for America's Research Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report of the Boyer Commission outlines the successes and concerns about undergraduate education in the nation's research universities. Its recommendations include more undergraduate research, inquiry-based learning, and interdisciplinary studies.

Kinney, Shirly S.

2005-03-07

26

Service Quality in Postgraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Measuring service quality in higher education is increasingly important for attracting and retaining tuition-based revenues. Nonetheless, whilst undergraduates have received substantial academic exposure, postgraduate-based research has been scant. Consequently, the objectives of this paper are threefold: first, to identify the service…

Angell, Robert J.; Heffernan, Troy W.; Megicks, Phil

2008-01-01

27

An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

2008-01-01

28

Strengthening communication education in an undergraduate nursing curriculum.  

PubMed

As effective communication is an essential professional competency that is conceptualized and developed during undergraduate education, the purpose of this study was to investigate and reinforce the role of communication in the nursing undergraduate curriculum. Analysis of faculty and student focus group discussions revealed the benefit of purposefully structuring and explicitly articulating communication education throughout the undergraduate curriculum for increased accessibility and visibility of communication education, expanded ranges of available teaching and learning methods and resources, and strengthened ability to address undermining mixed communication messages. These findings have implications for how to specifically include communication education in a learning-centered undergraduate curriculum. PMID:20678084

Boschma, Geertje; Einboden, Rochelle; Groening, Marlee; Jackson, Cathryn; MacPhee, Maura; Marshall, Helga; O'Flynn Magee, Kathy; Simpson, Peggy; Tognazzini, Paula; Haney, Catherine; Croxen, Hanneke; Roberts, Erica

2010-01-01

29

Thermal hydraulics in undergraduate nuclear engineering education  

SciTech Connect

The intense safety-related research efforts of the seventies in reactor thermal hydraulics have brought about the recognition of the subject as one of the cornerstones of nuclear engineering. Many nuclear engineering departments responded by building up research programs in this area, and mostly as a consequence, educational programs, too. Whether thermal hydraulics has fully permeated the conscience of nuclear engineering, however, remains yet to be seen. The lean years that lie immediately ahead will provide the test. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the author's own educational activity in undergraduate nuclear engineering education over the past 10 yr or so. All this activity took place at Purdue's School of Nuclear Engineering. He was well satisfied with the results and expects to implement something similar at the University of California in Santa Barbara in the near future.

Theofanous, T.G.

1986-01-01

30

Food science instruction in undergraduate dietetic education.  

PubMed

To assess the current status of food science instruction in undergraduate dietetic education, a survey was conducted of those persons responsible for teaching this subject in 267 Plan IV and 65 Coordinated Undergraduate Programs. Responses were received from 155 institutions offering a total of 177 programs. Factors examined included the number and academic background of faculty members teaching food science, the structure of the first course in food science, the structure of advanced food science courses required or offered to undergraduate dietetic students, and perceived adequacy of course content. Fifty-eight percent of the respondents had or were candidates for doctoral degrees, and 37% had master's degrees. The results indicated that although all programs offered a beginning course in food science, the required prerequisites and level of difficulty of subject matter varied. Fifty-three percent of the programs required at least one advanced food science course. More than 95% of both beginning and advanced courses are structured to include both lecture and laboratory. Although a majority of respondents indicated satisfaction with the adequacy of course content currently being offered, many made recommendations for improvements. Other concerns included difficulty in locating textbooks and other suitable instructional materials, isolation from others teaching food science, and a lack of standards for content to be included in basic and advanced courses. PMID:2768736

Deskins, B B; Spicher, C B

1989-09-01

31

Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This handbook outlines an agenda for new undergraduate curricula in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology. The National Research Council held a series of symposia and forums of representatives from science, math, engineering, and technology educational and industrial communities that resulted in this book providing six vision statements and recommendations for how to improve SME&T education for all undergraduates.

Council, National R.

2007-09-18

32

Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses topics related to undergraduate education including science education for all students; preparation of future K-12 and undergraduate teachers of science, mathematics, and technology; retention of science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SME&T) majors; making teaching community property; and obligations of the…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education.

33

Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven principles that can help to improve undergraduate education are identified. Based on research on college teaching and learning, good practice in undergraduate education: (1) encourages contacts between students and faculty; (2) develops reciprocity and cooperation among students; (3) uses active learning techniques; (4) gives prompt…

Chickering, Arthur W.; Gamson, Zelda F.

1987-01-01

34

Current Status and Future Plans for Undergraduate Public/Community Health Education Program Accreditation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Quality assurance in health education professional preparation has long been a goal of the profession. A comprehensive coordinated accreditation process for graduate and undergraduate health education has been recommended. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the current status of, and future plans for,…

Miller, M. Elizabeth; Birch, David A.; Cottrell, Randall R.

2010-01-01

35

Educating Young Educators: A Pedagogical Internship for Undergraduate Teaching Assistants  

PubMed Central

Although undergraduates have long held a role as teaching assistants for introductory science courses at liberal arts colleges and universities, educational institutions often do not provide these students with opportunities to explore science teaching and pedagogy. At Brandeis University, we designed an internship course to help increase the motivation, understanding, and knowledge of teaching pedagogy for undergraduate teaching assistants that is offered concurrently with their teaching responsibilities. Weekly sessions with faculty mentors are guided by readings in current science education literature, and throughout the semester students are asked to develop new course material based on the pedagogical frameworks discussed. To evaluate the effectiveness of this course, we surveyed students at the close of the semester. We found an overall increase in student confidence levels with regard to teaching and better awareness of the difficulties faced in science education. All students who participated in the course expressed interest in participating in future educational internships. We believe that the Educating Young Educators internship has the potential to be a catalyst for personal and professional growth from a novice into an informed young educator.

Romm, Iyah; Gordon-Messer, Susannah

2010-01-01

36

Undergraduate medical education in palliative medicine: the first step in promoting palliative care in Lebanon.  

PubMed

Effective delivery of high-quality palliative care requires effective interprofessional team working by skilled healthcare professionals. Palliative care is therefore highly suitable for sowing the seeds of interprofessional team working in early professional undergraduate medical education. Integrating palliative medicine in undergraduate medical education curricula seems to be a must. In this review, we present as an example the Palliative and End-of-Life Care Curriculum (PEOLC) used in Canada for undergraduate medical education and underline the need for such a national curriculum in Lebanon. One must keep in mind that medical education does not stop at the end of the medical school, ongoing learning needs exist. Continuous medical education in palliative care should also be emphasized; the overall goal is promoting palliative medicine. Respecting and protecting human dignity is the right of every patient. PMID:19534074

Naccache, Nicole; Abou Zeid, Hicham; Nasser Ayoub, Eliane; Antakly, Marie-Claire

2008-01-01

37

Making the Grade: Predicting Retention in Undergraduate Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers describe results from a longitudinal study of variables predicting retention in undergraduate teacher education. Selected teacher candidates' background characteristics were correlated with undergraduate grade point ratio (GPR) as a measure of academic success. The sample consisted of 657 candidates in an initial course in teacher…

Vare, Jonatha W.; Dewalt, Mark W.; Dockery, E. Ray

2004-01-01

38

How Low Income Undergraduates Financed Postsecondary Education: 1992-93.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For students considering pursuing a postsecondary degree or certificate, one of the most critical deciding factors is their ability to marshal the necessary financial resources. Paying for undergraduate education has always been seen as primarily the fami...

M. D. Premo S. P. Choy

1996-01-01

39

The Meaning and Measurement of Quality in the Undergraduate Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an examination of the meaning and measurement of quality in the undergraduate experience, quality is compared with the conceptually similar but distinct concepts of adequacy and excellence. Most of the conceptual frameworks available for assessing quality are essentially unidimensional assessment strategies that rely almost exclusively on…

Kuh, George D.

40

Funding Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: CCLI Yesterday and Today  

PubMed Central

For over 20 years, the Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) has been supporting undergraduate curricula in the sciences, including neuroscience. NSF’s priorities in undergraduate education, however, have evolved during that period, and the competition for grants has increased. This history and overview of the current Course, Curriculum and Laboratory Improvement program (CCLI) illustrates the changing philosophy of DUE with regard to its curricular programs. It is hoped that understanding the current emphasis on assessing the outcomes of curricular changes and disseminating their results will help interested science faculty write better proposals and compete more effectively for funds.

Pruitt, Nancy L.; Small, Jeanne R.; Woodin, Terry

2006-01-01

41

Social Networking in Physical Education: Undergraduate Students' Views on Ning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the aim of this study to investigate physical education undergraduate students' views on the use of social networking, one of the most typical representations of Web 2.0 technologies. In order to do so, the researcher, who was the instructor of the class, entitled "Fair Play Education in Sport", introduced Ning and its educational aspects…

Sezen Balcikanli, Gulfem

2012-01-01

42

Tracking the Processes of Change in US Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes some features in the changing landscape of activities intended to improve both quality and access in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) undergraduate education. Offers a framework for discussion of historical change endeavors as an aid in considering next steps. (Author/MM)

Seymour, Elaine

2002-01-01

43

Contributions to Educational Structures that Promote Undergraduate Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The opportunities for community college and traditionally underrepresented minority students to participate in research experiences are typically rare. Further, what research experiences that are available often underutilizes the students' potential and do not have follow-up programs. The Physics Outreach Program (POP) working in conjunction with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory is designed to reach out to this segment of the student population and encourage them to consider careers in physics and astronomy. The program is special in that it creates a "vertical" consortium or pipeline of schools whereby students graduating from one participating institution will then transfer to another. This helps to insure that participating students will experience continuity and, with the assistance of JPL equipment and staff, a quality of instruction that they would otherwise not be able to afford. Key words. educational outreach, undergraduate research, community college research, underrepresented minority student research

Sepikas, John; Mijic, Milan; Young, Don; Gillam, Steve

1997-01-01

44

How Undergraduate Physics Departments View Career Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly half the students graduating with a bachelors degree in physics go directly into today's rapidly changing work place. Physics departments with strong undergraduate programs recognize the importance of providing students with the skills they need to get good jobs when they graduate. As part of the Strategic Programs for Innovations in Undergraduate Physics (SPIN-UP) project funded by the ExxonMobil Foundation, the National Task Force on Undergraduate Physics has visited a number of departments with thriving undergraduate programs. We have found that many of these departments have innovative and successful strategies for providing students with career-building skills and information about employment opportunities for bachelors graduates in physics. This training is frequently built into departmental curriculum. This talk reports on some preliminary findings of SPIN-UP.

Howes, Ruth

2002-03-01

45

Patient safety education for undergraduate medical students: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background To reduce harm caused by health care is a global priority. Medical students should be able to recognize unsafe conditions, systematically report errors and near misses, investigate and improve such systems with a thorough understanding of human fallibility, and disclose errors to patients. Incorporating the knowledge of how to do this into the medical student curriculum is an urgent necessity. This paper aims to systematically review the literature about patient safety education for undergraduate medical students in terms of its content, teaching strategies, faculty availability and resources provided so as to identify evidence on how to promote patient safety in the curriculum for medical schools. This paper includes a perspective from the faculty of a medical school, a major hospital and an Evidence Based Medicine Centre in Sichuan Province, China. Methods We searched MEDLINE, ERIC, Academic Source Premier(ASP), EMBASE and three Chinese Databases (Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, CBM; China National Knowledge Infrastructure, CNKI; Wangfang Data) from 1980 to Dec. 2009. The pre-specified form of inclusion and exclusion criteria were developed for literature screening. The quality of included studies was assessed using Darcy Reed and Gemma Flores-Mateo criteria. Two reviewers selected the studies, undertook quality assessment, and data extraction independently. Differing opinions were resolved by consensus or with help from the third person. Results This was a descriptive study of a total of seven studies that met the selection criteria. There were no relevant Chinese studies to be included. Only one study included patient safety education in the medical curriculum and the remaining studies integrated patient safety into clinical rotations or medical clerkships. Seven studies were of a pre and post study design, of which there was only one controlled study. There was considerable variation in relation to contents, teaching strategies, faculty knowledge and background in patient safety, other resources and outcome evaluation in these reports. The outcomes from including patient safety in the curriculum as measured by medical students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes varied between the studies. Conclusions There are only a few relevant published studies on the inclusion of patient safety education into the undergraduate curriculum in medical schools either as a selective course, a lecture program, or by being integrated into the existing curriculum even in developed countries with advanced health and education systems. The integration of patient safety education into the existing curriculum in medical schools internationally, provides significant challenges.

2011-01-01

46

Reinventing Undergraduate Education: A Blueprint for America's Research Universities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University has recently released this report outlining ten major recommendations for changing undergraduate education. These recommendations are based on the Commission's conclusion that undergraduate education at America's research universities is in crisis, and that the record of research universities in this area is one of "inadequacy, even failure. Baccalaureate students are the second-class citizens who are allowed to pay taxes but are barred from voting, the guests at the banquet who pay their share of the tab but are given leftovers." The recommendations include research-based learning, inquiry-based instruction in the Freshman year, educating graduate students as apprentice teachers, and changing the faculty rewards system. Brief case studies accompany the recommendations.

47

Undergraduate Preparation of Educational Personnel Program. Program Information Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the guidelines for the Undergraduate Preparation of Educational Personnel (UPEP) program. Although the program has been cancelled, it states that the guidelines could serve as a model for later federal, state, or local programs and that the analysis of what is wrong with American teacher education is still viable. The UPEP…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln.

48

An Undergraduate Student Flow Model: Australian Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Markov chain is used to model the movement of undergraduates through the higher education system in Australia. Given the student's age on commencing a course of study, the model provides estimates of the probability of course completion, mean time for completion, and mean time spent in the higher education system. (Author/MSE)

Shah, Chandra; Burke, Gerald

1999-01-01

49

Goals for a Performance-Based Undergraduate Teacher Education Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following statement of performance-based goals applicable to graduates of the College of Education was prepared by a Task Force appointed by the Committee on Undergraduate Teacher Education. The Task Force was charged with developing a statement of pe...

1973-01-01

50

Undergraduate Education of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering in China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation gives an overview of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST) undergraduate education and mechanical and manufacturing engineering programs, presents key issues facing the programs, and provides alternate solutions. Presented at the 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Education Conference, Beijing, China, March 31-April 4, 2007.

Peigen, Li

2009-11-23

51

The Business Data Communications Undergraduate Course: MIS Educators' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined what concepts 107 information systems educators perceived as the most important in a senior undergraduate course in data communications. Educators indicated that networking concepts were more important than communications history and fundamentals. An implication is that the data communications course should be applied rather…

Johnson, Linda Ellis; And Others

1997-01-01

52

Improving Undergraduate Education with Value-Added Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of value-added assessment to improve undergraduate education at Rhode Island College is described, with attention to how the process evolved, problems encountered, and future plans. Value-added assessment is used in the development of student educational plans, curriculum evaluation and revision, and assessment of the interaction of work…

Enteman, Willard F.; Jackson, Pamela Irving

53

Reinventing Undergraduate Education: Three Years After the Boyer Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Originating from the Reinvention Center at the State University of New York at Stony Brook, this 41-page report is a follow-up report to the original Boyer Commission Report on undergraduate education first released in 1998. Following up on the 1998 report, this document examines the progress made by various universities in 10 different aspects of undergraduate educational areas identified by the first report. Beginning with an introduction of the study's survey methods, the report discusses research findings in these 10 areas, including The Freshman Experience, Research-based Learning, Communication Skills, Educating Graduate Students as Apprentice Teachers, and Changing Faculty Reward Systems. In conclusion, the researchers note that, while "every research university is approaching the issues of undergraduate education seriously," many institutions have "not yet fulfilled their ambitions for undergraduate programs, although many offer special opportunities such as research and freshman seminars to the best students." Well-written and honest in its language and about its findings, this paper will be of great interest to anyone interested in the future of undergraduate education.

2002-01-01

54

Undergraduate Education: Seeking the Golden Mean.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not research and undergraduate teaching that are in conflict, but how we perceive and value those activities and organize our institutions to reflect those attitudes. Remedies include renewing faculty and graduate student commitment to home campuses, appropriate evaluation and rewards for excellence in teaching, and institutional…

Brand, Myles

1992-01-01

55

The Quality Education Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to implement W. Edwards Deming's Total Quality Management (TQM) principles in education and transform school systems into world-class, quality learning environments have proved somewhat disappointing. This book asserts that educators need a way to translate the ideas about corporate quality for adaptation and use in schools. The "missing…

Downey, Carolyn J.; And Others

56

Comparative Study on Undergraduate Education Modes of Industrial Engineering in China and America  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of the investigation about the undergraduate education of well-known universities in China and USA, we make a conclusion about characteristics of Industrial Engineering's undergraduate educational pattern in China and America. And using comparative method, researchers analyze the different points and comparisons of the undergraduate educational type of industrial engineering (IE) in China and USA from 4 aspects:

Li Lei

2010-01-01

57

Undergraduate Professional Education in Chemistry: Guidelines and Evaluation Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides guidelines and evaluation procedures for undergraduate professional education in chemistry. Contents include: (1) "Scope and Organization of the Chemistry Program"; (2) "Financial Support"; (3) "Curriculum Requirements"; (4) "Commentary on Curriculum Requirements"; (5) "Faculty, Staff, and Facilities Requirements"; (6)…

American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.

58

Cheating Behaviours, the Internet and Education Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an illuminative small-scale study that piloted an initial survey instrument intended to investigate correspondences between 47 undergraduate Education final year students' use of information and communications technology (ICT), including the Internet, and--within the context of their adoption of tactics intended to impress…

Trushell, J.; Byrne, K.; Simpson, R.

2012-01-01

59

Information Technology and Its Impact on Undergraduate Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology in libraries directly influences undergraduate science education. A highly selective liberal arts college within an outstanding statewide consortium provides the framework for the transformation explored in this paper. The essential role of library as place is emphasized, given the collaborative nature of science, with a concurring commitment to virtual library services.

Alison Scott Ricker

2004-01-01

60

Trust Matters: Distinction and Diversity in Undergraduate Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: How do we account for the persistent difficulty the U.S. community of science has in educating larger numbers of talented and diverse undergraduates? We posit that the problem lies in the community's unremitting focus on scientific subject matter knowledge and students' ability to learn, to the neglect of interpersonal social…

Ream, Robert K.; Lewis, James L.; Echeverria, Begoña; Page, Reba N.

2014-01-01

61

The Seven Principles in Action: Improving Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 10 essays on the Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education that include extensive, specific examples of how the principles have been applied at many colleges and universities. It also includes faculty, institutional and student inventories for self-assessment under the Seven Principles. Following an…

Hatfield, Susan Rickey, Ed.

62

Gerontological Education in Undergraduate Nursing Programs: An Australian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature reveals difficulties in preparing nurses to care for older people. This article reports a study that aimed to facilitate positive changes in gerontological education in an undergraduate nursing program by identifying barriers and effective actions. A critical research approach was applied to the study. Data were mainly collected through…

Xiao, Lily Dongxia; Paterson, Jan; Henderson, Julie; Kelton, Moira

2008-01-01

63

VALUE: Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter discusses the Association of American Colleges and Universities' (AAC&U's) Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education (VALUE) project, which aims to demonstrate that faculty across the country share fundamental expectations about student learning on all of the essential learning outcomes deemed critical for student…

Rhodes, Terrel L.

2008-01-01

64

Development of a Systems Engineering Education Module for Undergraduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop a systems engineering educational module that could easily fit within existing transportation engineering undergraduate or technical courses in other engineering disciplines. The module is based on analysis of specific job roles and tasks of staff at various transportation agencies in Texas, and has three…

Kuhn, Beverly T.

65

Individualizing Course Content in Undergraduate Education: A Contract Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contracting for the content of an undergraduate course as one means of individualizing instruction is discussed in this report. It proved to be a successful method for students with wide varieties of background and educational aims in a number of educatio...

M. A. Christenberry

1976-01-01

66

On Quality in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss some key aspects of quality in education in the light of over 30 years practical experience of doing quality assurance (QA). Design/methodology/approach: Reflection on three concepts, which are still the subject of debate, namely: "quality"; "total quality management (TQM)"; and "autonomy".…

Doherty, Geoffrey D.

2008-01-01

67

Status of Undergraduate Education in Range Science in the USA  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the results of a questionnaire sent to 28 universities and colleges with range science programs in the western 17 states. Information requested pertained to job placement, undergraduate student numbers, course requirements, program goals, and obstacles to undergraduate education in range science. Most range science programs have low student numbers with fewer than 10 graduates per year. The data suggested that low numbers are caused by poor student awareness of rangelands, a misconception that range science is simply another agriculture production major, and competing curricula in natural resource sciences and other areas.

Schacht, Walter

68

Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: Blueprints for the 21st Century  

PubMed Central

Paralleling the explosive growth of neuroscientific knowledge over the last two decades, numerous institutions from liberal arts colleges to research universities have either implemented or begun exploring the possibility of implementing undergraduate programs in neuroscience. In 1995, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) partnered with Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL) to offer a workshop exploring how undergraduate neuroscience education should proceed. Four blueprints were created to provide direction to the burgeoning interest in developing programs in undergraduate neuroscience education: 1) Neuroscience nested in psychology; 2) Neuroscience nested in biology; 3) Neuroscience as a minor; and 4) Neuroscience as a major. In 2005, FUN again partnered with PKAL to revisit the blueprints in order to align the blueprints with modern pedagogical philosophy and technology. The original four blueprints were modified and updated. One particularly exciting outgrowth of the 2005 workshop was the introduction of a fifth curricular blueprint that strongly emphasizes the integration of the humanities and social sciences into neuroscience: Neuroscience Studies. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of neuroscience, an education in neuroscience will prepare the next generation of students to think critically, synthetically, and creatively as they confront the problems facing humanity in the 21st century.

Wiertelak, Eric P.; Ramirez, Julio J.

2008-01-01

69

Guidelines for an Introductory Undergraduate Course in Physical Education Teacher Education. Guidance Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of teacher education is to develop a person's skill, knowledge and ability to foster learning in pre-K-12 education settings. Preparation in this field of education carries added complexities, in that physical educators must address psychomotor, cognitive and affective goals. An introductory course for undergraduates should overview the…

Castelli, Darla M.; Woods, Amelia M.; Lambdin, Dolly; Hall, Tina; Webster, Colin

2010-01-01

70

Total Quality Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impetus and focus of quality improvement efforts in higher education are examined, and a corporate grant program supporting the use of total quality management strategies in optometric education is described. Subsequent articles on grant-supported projects are previewed. (MSE)

Schornack, Julie

1996-01-01

71

Quality in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 21 new and classic papers and readings on quality philosophies and concepts, first, as they have been applied in business and industry but primarily as they relate to and can be applied in higher education. The introduction is titled "The Quality Approach in Higher Education: Context and Concepts for Change" by Brent D. Ruben.…

Ruben, Brent D., Ed.

72

Consortium for the Advancement of Undergraduate Statistics Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With a mandate from the American Statistical Association, the Consortium for the Advancement of Undergraduate Statistics Education (CAUSE) has a simple, yet daunting, mission: "to support and advance undergraduate statistics education." They do so through an ambitious mix of professional development initiatives, coupled with sustained outreach efforts and research. Most educators and students will want to start by visiting the "Resources" area, which is divided into sections that bring together datasets, analysis tools, lecture examples, and for a moment of inferential humor, a number of cartoons, jokes, and songs, all informed by the world of statistics. The "Teaching Methods" area is well worth a look, as it brings together 35 resources such as a set of tips of teaching statistics to large classes and how to discuss causality in introductory statistics courses.

73

Toward Quality ESL Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on the results from 18 round-table discussions and a symposium that involved community, education, and government stakeholders in building a vision for quality, equitable ESL education. The findings suggest six pillars of effective ESL education: comprehensive programming; responsive funding allocation; cultural competence;…

Van Ngo, Hieu

2007-01-01

74

Integrating Robotics Research with Undergraduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The field of robotics moves so quickly and encompasses such a wide range of disciplines and applications that education in robotics must be adapti ve and incorporate a multidisciplinary approach. The key is to provide an education in the fundamentals--as best we can define them-- while maintaining strong connections to current research results. T o build these connections we are

Bruce A. Maxwell; Lisa Meeden

2000-01-01

75

Undergraduate nursing education in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing education in the United States began in the 1870s with hospital training schools modeled after the Nightingale plan. Presently there are three educational paths that students may take to become a registered nurse (RN). These are the baccalaureate degree (BS), the associate degree (AD) and the diploma. Accelerated nursing programs are also available for people who have a baccalaureate

Susan A. LaRocco

2010-01-01

76

Exploring Diverse Cultures with Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Future teachers face the challenge of teaching an increasingly diverse student population in a mainstream classroom. Teacher education programs, therefore, are charged with the necessity of designing, implementing and evaluating effective experiences which will expand students' views on diversity. The teacher education program at Berry College in…

Inman, Duane; Marlow, Leslie; Wakefield, Dara

2004-01-01

77

An interprofessional approach to undergraduate critical care education.  

PubMed

Published research suggests that the best outcomes in critical care clinical practice require an interprofessional (IP) collaborative approach to patient care. The Institute of Medicine has called for increased IP education. This article describes the development of an elective undergraduate IP critical care course. The course was developed to educate nursing and respiratory care students on the importance of IP practice, current evidence, and essentials of critical care. Several challenges were met in the development and implementation of the course. Various IP teaching strategies were used, including simulation, clinical observations, and student patient case presentations. An IP course provides a unique learning environment in which fundamental principles of critical care clinical practice and IP practice can be learned in an IP educational environment. There is a critical need to increase IP education and to conduct research related to IP education and its outcomes in preprofessional educational programs. PMID:24530014

Hinderer, Katherine A; Joyner, Robert L

2014-03-01

78

Teaching for Multiple Intelligences in Undergraduate Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multiple intelligences theory has only recently entered the teaching and learning dialogue in education and research. It is argued that despite the rhetoric of a student centred approach, nurse education remains wedded to conventional teaching approaches, which fail to engage with the individual and unwittingly silence the student's voice. This study examines the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI) and outlines Gardner's contention that the brain functions using eight intelligences, which can be employed to improve learning at an individual level.

Denny, Margaret

79

Benefits and pitfalls of scientific research during undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Objective: The integration of scientific research into medical education is a widely discussed topic. Most research training programs are offered on a voluntary basis. In Germany, it is mandatory to complete a doctoral thesis to obtain the academic title “doctor”. The reasons why students start a dissertation project and the influence of this project on their undergraduate studies and later career choices are not well known. Method: This study was conducted at five German universities in 2003, with a total of 437 fifth-year students participating in it. A standardised questionnaire was used to ask participants about their current or finished dissertation (group A), a dissertation they had discontinued (group B) or why they had never started a dissertation project (group C). Results: The two most important reasons for students from group A to start a dissertation were “interest in the topic” and “advantage for job applications”. Compared with group B, they mentioned “improved ability to critically appraise scientific studies” and “doing scientific work independently” significantly more often as a result of working on their dissertation. Starting a dissertation project early during undergraduate studies was correlated with a less successful outcome. Moreover, working on a dissertation significantly reduced time spent on undergraduate studies. Students from group C named the "workload of undergraduate studies" and “no time” most frequently as reasons for not having started a dissertation. Conclusion: Students who have been working successfully on a dissertation rate items regarding the acquisition of scientific research skills significantly more positively, and participation in undergraduate studies seems to be negatively affected by working on a dissertation project. Therefore, basic training in scientific research methodology should become an integrated part of the medical undergraduate curriculum, while special programs should be offered for students with a particular interest in scientific research programs or an academic career.

Kuhnigk, Olaf; Bothern, Aenne M.; Reimer, Jens; Schafer, Ingo; Biegler, Astrid; Jueptner, Markus; Gelderblom, Mathias; Harendza, Sigrid

2010-01-01

80

Tracking the processes of change in US undergraduate education in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes some features in the changing landscape of activities intended to improve both quality and access in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) undergraduate education. Observations are offered from the viewpoint afforded by my work - broadly over the last 10 years - both as a researcher, and as an evaluator for projects related to the improvement of undergraduate SMET education. Over that period, I have watched the landscape change - some issues, at first prominent, have diminished in importance; some are emergent; and yet others lie on the horizon. I have also observed that actions in pursuit of various reform goals reflect a variety of theories about how change can be accomplished that are not necessarily complementary. This short history of shifts in the focus of our efforts, and in our beliefs about how they may be achieved, is offered as a framework for discussion of these nationwide endeavors and as an aid in considering next steps.

Seymour, Elaine

2002-01-01

81

Educating and Training Undergraduate Applied Statisticians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course on Applied Statistics, offered since 1978 at the Instituto de Matematica e Estatistica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brasil, is designed to educate statisticians at the bachelor's level for jobs in government statistical offices, industry, and business. (Author/LMO)

Peres, Clovis A.; And Others

1985-01-01

82

The hidden curriculum in undergraduate medical education: qualitative study of medical students' perceptions of teaching  

PubMed Central

Objective To study medical students' views about the quality of the teaching they receive during their undergraduate training, especially in terms of the hidden curriculum. Design Semistructured interviews with individual students. Setting One medical school in the United Kingdom. Participants 36 undergraduate medical students, across all stages of their training, selected by random and quota sampling, stratified by sex and ethnicity, with the whole medical school population as a sampling frame. Main outcome measures Medical students' experiences and perceptions of the quality of teaching received during their undergraduate training. Results Students reported many examples of positive role models and effective, approachable teachers, with valued characteristics perceived according to traditional gendered stereotypes. They also described a hierarchical and competitive atmosphere in the medical school, in which haphazard instruction and teaching by humiliation occur, especially during the clinical training years. Conclusions Following on from the recent reforms of the manifest curriculum, the hidden curriculum now needs attention to produce the necessary fundamental changes in the culture of undergraduate medical education.

Lempp, Heidi; Seale, Clive

2004-01-01

83

A review of undergraduate interprofessional simulation-based education (IPSE).  

PubMed

Interprofessional simulation-based education (IPSE) is becoming an increasingly popular educational strategy worldwide within undergraduate healthcare curricular. The purpose of the literature review was to examine qualitative, quantitative and mixed/multi-method research studies featuring undergraduate IPSE. A literature review was conducted using CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases from January 1999 to September 2011 and pre-set criteria. The criteria used to screen all 120 abstracts included: (a) the article pertained to both simulation and undergraduate IPE and (b) the article reported a research study. Eighteen articles which met the pre-set criteria were included in the literature review. All studies featured outcome measures; many were purposely designed and lacked psychometric development and evaluation. Key IPSE drivers included capacity planning, preparedness for disaster management and improving patient care through the evaluation of teambuilding, teamwork skills or communicating within inter-disciplinary teams. Studies evaluated/explored either student or teacher perspectives of learning within the context of IPSE or both. The IPSE learning processes varied considerably in relation to duration, fidelity and professions involved. The scenarios ranged from managing adults admitted to hospital settings, mass casualty/mock disaster patient management to the use of training wards. The majority of the articles identified common IPSE outcomes relating to increased confidence, knowledge, leadership, teamwork, and communication skills. Based on the findings of this review, the authors suggest that further multi-site, longitudinal research studies are required to provide evidence of the transferability of skills developed during IPSE and their overall impact on both undergraduate education and healthcare. PMID:23101350

Gough, Suzanne; Hellaby, Mark; Jones, Neal; MacKinnon, Ralph

2012-01-01

84

The Relationship of Mental Models to Learning and Partnerships between Academic and Student Affairs Deans in Puerto Rican Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National reports and scholarly papers in the fields of student services and academic affairs have called for partnerships in colleges and universities to improve the educational quality that students receive. The primary aim of this study was the empirical examination of the theory of mental models among undergraduate deans of academic affairs and…

Santiago-Vargas, Mayra E.

2010-01-01

85

The Condition of Education 2009: Indicator 10--Undergraduate Enrollment. NCES 2009-081  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Condition of Education" is a congressionally mandated report that provides an annual portrait of education in the United States. This document includes information from "The Condition of Education 2009" about undergraduate enrollment. From 2000 to 2007, undergraduate enrollment rose by 19 percent. During this period, there were larger…

Planty, Michael; Hussar, William; Snyder, Thomas; Kena, Grace; KewalRamani, Angelina; Kemp, Jana; Bianco, Kevin; Dinkes, Rachel

2009-01-01

86

Undergraduate medical education: tendencies and requirements in a rapidly developing Europe.  

PubMed

This study pinpoints the necessity to constantly monitor local approaches in undergraduate medical education on an inter-European scale. Traditional undergraduate medical curricula need restructuring to account for the increasing amount of medical knowledge and rapid changes and developments in societies, nosology, therapy and IT. European undergraduate medical curricula should be harmonized not egalized, with a focus on inter-European sharing of resources, mobility, credit (allocation, accumulation and transfer), definition of European and trans-European mission statements, identification of quality metrics, advice on dealing with conflicting aims such as specialization and generalization, on communicating core knowledge instead of providing overabundance of information, and on introducing multifaceted teaching and learning methods, as well as providing strategies for life long learning. Sound medical education can no longer and nowhere be considered under the autonomous auspices of individual Medical Schools or national philosophies. It has to be perceived and structured as a competitive and flexible approach which promotes life long learning of teachers, students, physicians and other related staff with international awareness. It is stressed that student and staff mobility, as well as virtual mobility in the form of worldwide available teaching modules and expertise have to be incorporated into national medical curricula. This is to guarantee up-to-date education in support of patient demands, future professionality and competitiveness of students, physicians and Public Health System institutions. The formal approaches of traditional subject related curricula as well as problem based learning must be linked with quality approved state of the art ODL, evaluated international CME strategies and training in the utilization of IT in preparation of lifelong learning. Strategies for the use of IT need updating on a regular basis to diminish the gap between undergraduate and postgraduate medical education. General European perspectives of medical education are discussed in relation to ECTS, ODL, compulsory credited and evaluated CME and relicensing of physicians. Prime features of ETM--the most reputed and well-known European medical CME initiative fostering quality assured international awareness are described and recommended for local and nationwide implementation. Specific links of the Bonn undergraduate medical curriculum with credited and evaluated CME and imminent European strategies are detailed. The authors conclude that European universities not adapting at least some of the outlined curricular necessities will rapidly lose their competitiveness compared to other national and international Medical Schools. Harmonized European ethical mission statements and consequent utilization of IT deserve special considerations in this context. PMID:11217285

Breipohl, W; Johansson, C; Hansis, M; Steiger, J; Naguro, T; Müller, K; Mestres, P

2000-01-01

87

Entering Attitudes of Undergraduates in Education Toward Topics in Educational Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hundred and thirty-one undergraduates in education who had not taken educational measurement rated 47 course objectives for importance and interest. Median ratings were positive or neutral for all items. Importance and interest were highly related. The most favored items involved critical analysis of or alternative approaches to measurement…

Holtz, Ruth Richards

88

Electives in undergraduate medical education: AMEE Guide No. 88.  

PubMed

Abstract This Guide outlines the scope and potential roles an elective can contribute to undergraduate medical training and identifies ways to maximize learning opportunities, including within global health. The types of educational activity available for electives range from meeting individual educational need through to exploration of potential career pathways, with many factors influencing choice. Key areas of organization underpinning a successful elective before, during and after the placement include developing clarity of the intended educational outcomes as well as addressing practicalities such as travel and accommodation. Risk management including the implications for the participating schools as well as the student and their elective supervisors is crucial. This Guide would not be complete without some discussion around ethics and professional conduct during an elective, with consideration of the impact of elective placements, particularly in low-middle income countries. PMID:24787526

Lumb, Andrew; Murdoch-Eaton, Deborah

2014-07-01

89

Promoting undergraduate education through involvement in research in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The push to involve undergraduates in research is gaining ground in most universities and colleges. Within our geosciences department at Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne (IPFW), undergraduate education is promoted as the faculty in the department involves students in their research projects. All faculty members involve students in their research works. Dating of monazite using energy dispersive x-ray, size-frequency distributions of leopard frogs, structural organization and growth of Silurian chain corals, seepage meters, and wetlands are some of the recent students' projects facilitated by our faculty. Students are involved in either the professor's research project or projects are specifically designed for students using local sites and materials. Physical geology, environmental geology, environmental conservation, wetlands and hydrogeology are some of the courses that I teach. One common thread in all the courses that I explore is water. I involve my upper-level students to observe some aspect of water as it relates to the environment. My students' projects involve the use of local materials (wetlands, sand dunes, river, wells) or sites within a thirty minute drive off campus. Most students appreciate the chance to be involved in research projects. Students have presented the results of their projects at local, regional and national conferences. Also, some students' works have resulted in peer review articles. Involving undergraduates in research projects introduces them to scientific methods, real world learning, being published, and, it also provides the instructor with materials for effective teaching and getting published too. Sample student projects would be presented.

Isiorho, S. A.

2003-12-01

90

Undergraduate pediatric nursing education: issues, challenges and recommendations.  

PubMed

The topic is a national review of content and clinical experiences in undergraduate pediatric nursing education with recommendations for strengthening the pediatric nursing curriculum. American Association of Colleges of Nursing member programs (N = 596) were surveyed with 344 schools responding. A 39-item survey collected school demographics, faculty characteristics, pediatric classroom and clinical information, and actual and perceived barriers to implementing the pediatric curriculum. Recommendations for change were offered by participants attending the 2011 Institute of Pediatric Nursing Nursing Forum. A mean of 33 (SD = 27) total undergraduate faculty included an average of 3.1 (SD = 3.11) faculty with graduate specialization and/or recent clinical experience in pediatrics. Within a mean of 43 (range = 0-136 hours) pediatric classroom hours, more than 59% of programs reported 2 hours or less in pediatric genetics, environmental health, and child nutrition. Content focused on acute and specialty care with programs using pediatric inpatient medical (68%) and surgical units (40%) for clinical learning. Recruiting pediatric faculty was a common issue and reported as extremely (23%) to moderately difficult (26%). Competition for clinical practice sites (76%) was a reported barrier. Adjustments in the pediatric undergraduate curriculum are recommended to highlight current health issues experienced by children including expansion of clinical learning experiences to settings where children live, learn, and play. PMID:24720941

McCarthy, Ann Marie; Wyatt, Janet S

2014-01-01

91

Project Kaleidoscope: Advancing What Works in Undergraduate STEM Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1989, Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL) published its first report, What Works: Building Natural Science Communities, on reforming undergraduate STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) education. Since then, PKAL has grown into a national organization comprised of a diverse group of over 6500 STEM educators who are committed to advancing "what works." The PKAL mission is to be a national leader in catalyzing the efforts of people, institutions, organizations and networks to move from analysis to action in significantly improving undergraduate student learning and achievement in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics). Specifically, PKAL's strategic goals are to: 1) Promote the development and wider use of evidence-based teaching, learning and assessment approaches, 2) Build individual and organizational capacity to lead change in STEM education, and 3) Engage the broader community of external stakeholders - professional and disciplinary societies, business and industry groups, accreditation organizations, educational associations, governmental agencies, philanthropic organizations - in achieving our mission. PKAL achieves these goals by serving as the nexus of an interconnected and multidisciplinary web of people, ideas, strategies, evidence and resources focused on systemic change in undergraduate STEM education. PKAL also provides resources on critical issues, such as teaching using pedagogies of engagement, and engages interested faculty, campuses and professional societies in national projects and programs focused on cutting edge issues in STEM education. One of these projects - Mobilizing Disciplinary Societies for a Sustainable Future - is engaging eleven disciplinary societies, including the National Association of Geoscience Teachers, in defining specific resources, faculty development programs and goals focused on promoting undergraduate STEM courses that: 1) provide more knowledge about real-world issues; 2) connect these real-world issues to the concepts of sustainability; 3) offer students opportunities to analyze and implement choices that can help solve societal problems so they are better able to act on their choices both immediately and as future citizens and professionals. PKAL has also been offering leadership institutes for STEM faculty members to develop their knowledge and skills as change agents who have the capacity to lead educational reform at their institutions. Since 1996, over 200 faculty members from across the STEM disciplines have attended the institutes. An analysis of leadership alumni indicates that nearly 40% have moved on to administrative leadership positions. Alumni of these institutes are now leading regional STEM reform networks in five locations around the U.S. Since 2007, PKAL networks have engaged nearly 650 STEM faculty and campus leaders from over 100 diverse institutions in professional development workshops focused on STEM reform teaching and learning to effect a wider reach of STEM education transformation on campuses where it matters most. Network expertise and resources are disseminated on PKAL's website and national meetings. These programs illustrate PKAL's efforts to build community and disseminate resources that have a national impact on advancing undergraduate STEM teaching, learning and success for all students.

Elrod, S.

2011-12-01

92

The Educational Quality Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pennsylvania's Educational Quality Assessment (EQA) program is discussed in terms of its historical background, ACLU objections to its alleged infringements of individual rights, and reactions of students who have taken it. Journal is available from Ritter Hall, Fourth Floor, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pa. 19122. (AV)

Dinsmore, Peter; And Others

1976-01-01

93

Quality & Education: Critical Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a collection of essays about schools that have successfully implemented Total Quality Management (TQM) through partnerships with the business community, parents, higher education, school board members, and others. Following the preface, foreword, and introduction, the book is divided into five sections: school leaders in Total…

McCormick, Betty L., Ed.

94

Quality Circles in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful in Japan and in American industry, quality circles are a specific way to involve staff members in solving organization problems. A growing number of school administrators are examining this technique to see if it can reduce the costs of education and improve morale. (Author/JM)

Chase, Larry

1983-01-01

95

Shaping the Future: Strategies for Revitalizing Undergraduate Education; A Conference (Washington, D.C. July 11-13, 1996)  

NSF Publications Database

... Foundation 15 Plenary Session III: The NSF Review of Undergraduate Education and the NRC ?Year of ... George Chair, EHR Advisory Committee for the Review of Undergraduate Education Donald Kennedy Chair ...

96

Exemplary Learning Modules in the ESSE Design Guide for Undergraduate Earth System Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supported by NASA through the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), the cooperative university- based Earth System Science Education (ESSE) program fosters the development of undergraduate curriculum and courses designed to understand Earth as a system. The ESSE community has produced the web-based Design Guide for Undergraduate Earth System Science Education as a living synthesis of the program. One section of

J. L. Aron; M. Ruzek

2006-01-01

97

Pilot Training Program in Undergraduate Educational Research; Spring Trimester Research Training Project (May-August, 1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major objectives of a 1-trimester research training project were (1) to introduce outstanding undergraduates in the behavioral and social sciences to educational research and (2) to introduce outstanding undergraduates currently preparing for the teaching profession to the field of educational research as a possible future career. Approximately…

Gordon, Ira J.; Jester, Robert E.

98

An Academic Counter-Revolution: The Roots of the Current Movement To Reform Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An explanation of the roots of the current movement to reform undergraduate education is presented. It is suggested that the reform movement is a reaction against the dominance of the research university. Several reports about the state of undergraduate education are cited, including "Involvement in Learning,""To Reclaim a Legacy," and "Integrity…

Gamson, Zelda F.

99

Astrobiology Undergraduate Education: Students' Knowledge and Perceptions of the Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the field of astrobiology continually evolving, it has become increasingly important to develop and maintain an educational infrastructure for the next generation of astrobiologists. In addition to developing more courses and programs for students, it is essential to monitor the learning experiences and progress of students taking these astrobiology courses. At the University of Florida, a new pilot course in astrobiology was developed that targeted undergraduate students with a wide range of scientific backgrounds. Pre- and post-course surveys along with knowledge assessments were used to evaluate the students' perceived and actual learning experiences. The class incorporated a hybrid teaching platform that included traditional in-person and distance learning technologies. Results indicate that undergraduate students have little prior knowledge of key astrobiology concepts; however, post-course testing demonstrated significant improvements in the students' comprehension of astrobiology. Improvements were not limited to astrobiology knowledge. Assessments revealed that students developed confidence in science writing as well as reading and understanding astrobiology primary literature. Overall, student knowledge of and attitudes toward astrobiological research dramatically increased during this course, which demonstrates the ongoing need for additional astrobiology education programs as well as periodic evaluations of those programs currently underway. Together, these approaches serve to improve the overall learning experiences and perceptions of future astrobiology researchers.

Foster, Jamie S.; Drew, Jennifer C.

2009-04-01

100

Home environmental hazard education for undergraduate and prelicensure nursing students.  

PubMed

This paper presents a Healthy Homes education module for undergraduate and prelicensure nursing students. The education module, which is based on the National Center for Healthy Housing's framework for Healthy Homes, was developed, implemented, and evaluated in three phases. Phase 1 included nine Web-based recorded lectures on the Healthy Homes principles and on home assessment and referral. In the next phase, a Healthy Homes clinical laboratory simulation (home visit scenario and four rooms of an apartment) was created. Phase 3 involved piloting home visits by students who, under the supervision of a clinical instructor, conducted Healthy Homes assessments of clients living in two low-income subsidized housing sites. Using a pretest-posttest format, students' knowledge of Healthy Homes concepts significantly increased after completing the Phase 1 Web-based lectures. Student evaluations, which were collected after each phase, were consistently positive. PMID:22909044

Polivka, Barbara J; Chaudry, Rosemary Valedes; Mac Crawford, J

2012-10-01

101

Two Simulations in the History of Education for Use on Undergraduate Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This description of two simple simulations as taught to undergraduate teacher trainers in a history of education course includes materials, procedures, follow-up exercises, and a brief defense of the use of simulations in higher education. (Author/CMV)

Hodgkinson, Keith

1980-01-01

102

Communities for Quality Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past several years, a number of organizations and policy centers have grown increasingly concerned about the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)and its implications for students and other members of the education community across the United States. One such group is the Communities for Quality Education, a national education advocacy group which seeks "to build a partnership between people inside and outside the education community who share the common goal of building better public schools for every child." Visitors will definitely want to peruse their research reports, which include data on the number of schools that did not make adequate yearly progress according to the NCLB. The site also features news coverage based on the insightful work of the organization, along with several nice interactive maps that document the actions of individual states concerned with various aspects of the NCLB.

2005-01-01

103

Providing the Pathway to Success for Graduate Education: Undergraduate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) lies along the U.S.-Mexico border and has one of the largest Hispanic student populations in the country. Since 2002, the faculty of Geological Sciences have provided research opportunities for undergraduate students with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Opportunities for Enhancing Diversity in the Geosciences (OEDG) program. The program, called Pathways Research Experience Program (PREP), funds stipends, which allows undergraduate students to work closely with a faculty mentor and participate in workshops on applying to graduate schools, obtaining financial aid, and establishing effective study habits. Our overall goal is to mentor students through an undergraduate degree in geosciences and prepare them for graduate education. Student research has covered a wide range of geoscience topics: paleontology, structural geology, hydrogeology, environmental geology, seismology, and geomicrobiology, with students presenting results at national meetings including the Annual Meetings of the Geological Society of America and the Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in the Sciences, as well as research expos at UTEP. Students are selected for the program based on GPA, letters of recommendation, and a research proposal, and they must maintain good academic standing during their tenure as a PREP fellow. Since its inception (Spring 2002), 21 students have participated in the program, which has included 13(62 percent) women and 12(57 percent) Hispanics. Of these 21 students, 13 have graduated. Of the 13, 5 have continued onto graduate programs at other institutions and 2 have remained at UTEP, thus highlighting that to build a pipeline of students willing to obtain an advanced degree, a structured research experience must be a key component.

Miller, K. C.; Velasco, A. A.; Andronicos, C. L.; Langford, R. P.; Carrick, T. L.

2005-12-01

104

Guidelines for Undergraduate Exercise Physiology in a Physical Education Teacher Education Program. Guidance Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course in Exercise Physiology is a common requirement among undergraduate students preparing for a career in physical education, adult fitness, or athletic training. Often, such courses are taught to an assortment of students from a variety of disciplines (Van Donselaar & Leslie, 1990) with an emphasis on physiological principles applied to…

National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2006

2006-01-01

105

Facilitating Classroom Innovation in the Geosciences Through the NSF Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (TUES) Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (TUES) program seeks to improve the quality of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education for all undergraduate students. Activities supported by the TUES program include the creation, adaptation, and dissemination of learning materials and teaching strategies, development of faculty expertise, implementation of educational innovations, and research on STEM teaching and learning. The TUES program especially encourages projects that have the potential to transform undergraduate STEM education and active dissemination and building a community of users are critical components of TUES projects. To raise awareness about the TUES program and increase both the quality and quantity of proposals submitted by geoscientists to the program, information sessions and proposal writing retreats are being conducted. Digital resources developed especially for the geosciences community are available at www.buffalostate.edu/RTUGeoEd to share information about the TUES program and the many ways this NSF program supports innovation in geoscience education. This presentation also addresses identified impediments to submitting a TUES proposal and strategies for overcoming reasons discouraging geoscientists from preparing a proposal and/or resubmitting a declined proposal.

Singer, J.; Ryan, J. G.

2012-12-01

106

Tools for the advancement of undergraduate statistics education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To keep pace with advances in applied statistics and to maintain literate consumers of quantitative analyses, statistics educators stress the need for change in the classroom (Cobb, 1992; Garfield, 1993, 1995; Moore, 1991a; Snee, 1993; Steinhorst and Keeler, 1995). These authors stress a more concept oriented undergraduate introductory statistics course which emphasizes true understanding over mechanical skills. Drawing on recent educational research, this dissertation attempts to realize this vision by developing tools and pedagogy to assist statistics instructors. This dissertation describes statistical facets, pieces of statistical understanding that are building blocks of knowledge, and discusses DIANA, a World-Wide Web tool for diagnosing facets. Further, I show how facets may be incorporated into course design through the development of benchmark lessons based on the principles of collaborative learning (diSessa and Minstrell, 1995; Cohen, 1994; Reynolds et al., 1995; Bruer, 1993; von Glasersfeld, 1991) and activity based courses (Jones, 1991; Yackel, Cobb and Wood, 1991). To support benchmark lessons and collaborative learning in large classes I describe Virtual Benchmark Instruction, benchmark lessons which take place on a structured hypertext bulletin board using the technology of the World-Wide Web. Finally, I present randomized experiments which suggest that these educational developments are effective in a university introductory statistics course.

Schaffner, Andrew Alan

107

Use of the "Attitudes Toward Mainstreaming Scale" with Undergraduate Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education students' attitudes towards mainstreaming are crucial to the future success of the movement toward inclusive education. This study describes the attitudes toward mainstreaming held by undergraduate education students and assesses attitude changes related to knowledge about handicapping conditions and the field of education as well as…

Wilczenski, Felicia L.

108

Undergraduate Students' Preference for Distance Education by Field of Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates the relationship between students' field of study and their preference for distance education. For this research, data were used from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study: Undergraduate, which uses a complex survey design to collect data from a nationally representative sample of undergraduate postsecondary…

Pontes, Manuel C. F.; Pontes, Nancy M. H.

2013-01-01

109

Re-Conceptualizing College and University Teaching through the Lens of Adult Education: Regarding Undergraduates as Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I advocate for enhancing critical thinking skill development in undergraduate education by taking advantage of the increased experiential maturity of today's students. I argue that many undergraduates are in fact "adults", by virtue of their age or experiential maturity, and they should be educated as such. Undergraduates who have…

Halx, Mark D.

2010-01-01

110

Quality in Education Defines ESD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education has a central role to play in attaining sustainable development--by inculcating values that encourage sustainable practices. To play this role effectively, education should go beyond developing cognitive understanding and ability, and address the economic, social and other dimensions of learning as well. Quality education and education

Pigozzi, Mary Joy

2007-01-01

111

Identifying Excellence in Undergraduate Education: Are We Even Close?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that the resources/reputation approach, which uses proxy variables to measure university quality, and the alumni outcomes approach, which may simply reflect institutional recruitment practices, are fundamentally flawed. Maintains that the effective educational practices approach is a major step forward; suggests that a combination of the…

Pascarella, Ernest T.

2001-01-01

112

Undergraduate Social Work Education for Practice: A Report on Curriculum Content and Issues, Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is a report of findings of several task forces that addressed a number of currently unanswered questions in undergraduate social work education. The project arose in a climate of change affecting a broad range of social institutions, among...

L. J. Glick T. L. Briggs

1972-01-01

113

Health economics education in undergraduate medical training: introducing the health economics education (HEe) website  

PubMed Central

In the UK, the General Medical Council clearly stipulates that upon completion of training, medical students should be able to discuss the principles underlying the development of health and health service policy, including issues relating to health economics. In response, researchers from the UK and other countries have called for a need to incorporate health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. The Health Economics education website was developed to encourage and support teaching and learning in health economics for medical students. It was designed to function both as a forum for teachers of health economics to communicate and to share resources and also to provide instantaneous access to supporting literature and teaching materials on health economics. The website provides a range of free online material that can be used by both health economists and non-health economists to teach the basic principles of the discipline. The Health Economics education website is the only online education resource that exists for teaching health economics to medical undergraduate students and it provides teachers of health economics with a range of comprehensive basic and advanced teaching materials that are freely available. This article presents the website as a tool to encourage the incorporation of health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula.

2013-01-01

114

Health economics education in undergraduate medical training: introducing the health economics education (HEe) website.  

PubMed

In the UK, the General Medical Council clearly stipulates that upon completion of training, medical students should be able to discuss the principles underlying the development of health and health service policy, including issues relating to health economics. In response, researchers from the UK and other countries have called for a need to incorporate health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. The Health Economics education website was developed to encourage and support teaching and learning in health economics for medical students. It was designed to function both as a forum for teachers of health economics to communicate and to share resources and also to provide instantaneous access to supporting literature and teaching materials on health economics. The website provides a range of free online material that can be used by both health economists and non-health economists to teach the basic principles of the discipline. The Health Economics education website is the only online education resource that exists for teaching health economics to medical undergraduate students and it provides teachers of health economics with a range of comprehensive basic and advanced teaching materials that are freely available. This article presents the website as a tool to encourage the incorporation of health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. PMID:24034906

Oppong, Raymond; Mistry, Hema; Frew, Emma

2013-01-01

115

Undergraduate Music Education Major Identity Formation in the University Music Department  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine relationships among social identity, value of music education, musician-teacher orientation, selected demographic factors, and self-concept as a music educator. Participants (N = 968) were volunteer undergraduate music education majors enrolled at four-year institutions granting a bachelor of music…

McClellan, Edward

2014-01-01

116

Strategic planning of the graduate and undergraduate education in a research university in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a consequence of the toning down of the University Standards in 1991, many universities in Japan changed their institutional arrangements for undergraduate education. Generally speaking, new curricula put emphasis on specialty programs in each department resulting in relatively weaker general education programs. However, Hokkaido University decided to keep and strengthen the general education programs, which were continuously articulated to

Masaaki Ogasawara

2002-01-01

117

Instrumental Music Education Students' Perceptions of Tensions Experienced during Their Undergraduate Degree  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to recent concern regarding music education major retention and as an effort to contribute to the "lives of teachers" scholarship in music education, the primary research question for this study was: How do undergraduate students describe their lived experiences within the instrumental music education community? Data included a…

Conway, Colleen; Eros, John; Pellegrino, Kristen; West, Chad

2010-01-01

118

A Council on Undergraduate Research Workshop Initiative to Establish, Enhance, and Institutionalize Undergraduate Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The value of undergraduate research workshop to significantly enhance the quality of undergraduate science education was cited as one of the goals by the National Science Foundations (NSF) Strategic Plan. To address this strategic national need, the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) has granted an NSF course, curriculum, and laboratory…

Karukstis, Kerry K.

2006-01-01

119

Faculty Perceptions of Teaching in Undergraduate Computer Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this dissertation is to examine the attitudes of computer science faculty members towards undergraduate teaching. The questions addressed in this study are: (1) How important is effective teaching to computer science faculty members at the undergraduate level and how important do they perceive effective teaching to be to their…

Abdelzaher, Ann M.

2009-01-01

120

Space physics education via examples in the undergraduate physics curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of space physics is rich with examples of basic physics and analysis techniques, yet it is rarely seen in physics courses or textbooks. As space physicists in an undergraduate physics department we like to use research to inform teaching, and we find that students respond well to examples from magnetospheric science. While we integrate examples into general education courses as well, this talk will focus on physics major courses. Space physics examples are typically selected to illustrate a particular concept or method taught in the course. Four examples will be discussed, from an introductory electricity and magnetism course, a mechanics/nonlinear dynamics course, a computational physics course, and a plasma physics course. Space physics provides examples of many concepts from introductory E&M, including the application of Faraday's law to terrestrial magnetic storm effects and the use of the basic motion of charged particles as a springboard to discussion of the inner magnetosphere and the aurora. In the mechanics and nonlinear dynamics courses, the motion of charged particles in a magnetotail current sheet magnetic field is treated as a Newtonian dynamical system, illustrating the Poincaré surface-of-section technique, the partitioning of phase space, and the KAM theorem. Neural network time series analysis of AE data is used as an example in the computational physics course. Finally, among several examples, current sheet particle dynamics is utilized in the plasma physics course to illustrate the notion of adiabatic/guiding center motion and the breakdown of the adiabatic approximation. We will present short descriptions of our pedagogy and student assignments in this "backdoor" method of space physics education.

Martin, R.; Holland, D. L.

2011-12-01

121

Educational Quality Bill of Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents two forms of the Educational Quality Bill of Rights (EQBR). The first is a "one-page version", with a very brief single sentence identification of a key element of quality education in response to each of the key questions about the school (covering standards/learning goals, curriculum, instruction, etc.). The second is a "much…

Center for Law and Education (NJ3), 2009

2009-01-01

122

UNDERGRADUATE COMPETENCIES WHICH FACULTY VALUE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concern about the quality of higher education in the United States has led to vigorous debate about desired outcomes and assessment methods. Identifying desired outcomes in behavioural terms is one way to proceed to evaluation.What general competencies should undergraduates attain? The purpose of this research was to identify the commonalities in what faculty value as desired characteristic behaviours for undergraduate

Linnea White

1991-01-01

123

Introducing a New Concept Inventory on Climate Change to Support Undergraduate Instruction, Teacher Education, Education Research, and Project Evaluation (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Concept Inventory on Climate Change (CICC) is a new research-based, multiple-choice 'test' that provides a powerful new assessment tool for undergraduate instructors, teacher educators, education researchers, and project evaluators. This presentation will describe the features and the development process of the (CICC). This includes insights about how the development team (co-authors) integrated and augmented their multi-disciplinary expertise. The CICC has been developed in the context of a popular introductory undergraduate weather and climate course at a southeastern research university (N~400-500 per semester). The CICC is not a test for a grade, but is intended to be a useful measure of how well a given teaching and learning experience has succeeded in improving understanding about climate change and related climate concepts. The science content addressed by the CICC is rooted in the national consensus document, 'Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science'. The CICC has been designed to support undergraduate instruction, and may be valuable in comparable contexts that teach about climate change. CICC results can help to inform decisions about the effectiveness of teaching strategies by 1) flagging conceptual issues (PRE-instruction); and 2) detecting conceptual change (POST-instruction). Specific CICC items and their answer choices are informed by the research literature on common misunderstandings about climate and climate change. Each CICC item is rated on a 3-tier scale of the cognitive sophistication the item is calling for, and there is a balance among all three tiers across the full instrument. The CICC development process has involved data-driven changes to successive versions. Data sources have included item statistics from the administration of progressively evolved versions of the CICC in the weather and climate course, group interviews with students, and expert review by climate scientists, educators, and project evaluators based primarily in the US and Canada. The development team provided an exceptionally well integrated, multi-disciplinary expertise in climate science, climate education, education research, and psychometrics. The valuable integration of the team's expertise was driven by: 1) the prior interdisciplinary inclinations of key team members, which made it natural to openly inquire and learn across boundaries of expertise; and 2) the willingness of key team members to become respectful teachers of essential knowledge to other team members. These qualities, in combination with reviewer contributions, have brought the leading edges of natural and social science research together to produce the CICC. This work has been partially supported by a NASA award to the Georgia State University Research Foundation (NNX09AL69G).

Morrow, C. A.; Monsaas, J.; Katzenberger, J.; Afolabi, C. Y.

2013-12-01

124

Clinical skills training in undergraduate medical education using a student-centered approach.  

PubMed

This thesis focuses on how to engage students in self-directed learning and in peer-learning activities to improve clinical skills training in undergraduate medical education. The first study examined the clinical skills teaching provided by student teachers compared to that provided by associate professors. This study showed that student teachers performed as good as or even better than associate professors when teaching simple clinical skills. The second study of this thesis examined how complex clinical skills--such as patient management skills--develop with increasing levels of competence. The Reporter-Interpreter-Manager-Educator framework was used to reflect this change and construct validity was explored for RIME-based evaluations of single-patient encounters. In the third study the effects of training in pairs--also known as dyad practice--examined. This study showed that the students practicing in pairs significantly out-performed those training alone using RIME-based assessments and that dyad training significantly improved students' confidence in managing future patient encounters. The final study examined students' use of self-directed clinical encounter cards (CECs) based on the RIME framework. Results from this study showed that self-directed CECs can have positive effects on participatory practice and clinical reasoning when implemented in a supporting environment but the chance of success depends on the context of use. Self-directed CECs can be successful but major faculty development initiatives are required before implementation in large and dispersed settings. In conclusion, this thesis demonstrated different aspects of student-centered approaches to clinical skills learning. Whereas self-directed learning is difficult in clinical clerkship, the experimental studies demonstrated remarkable advantages to peer-learning in skills-lab. Thus, peer-learning activities could be essential to providing high-quality medical training in the face of limited clinical teacher resources in future undergraduate medical education. PMID:23905573

Tolsgaard, Martin Grønnebæk

2013-08-01

125

‘Tristan chords and random scores’: exploring undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education through the lens of Bourdieu  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a theoretical framework drawn from Bourdieu, this article explores the relationship between undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education and their musical backgrounds and prior music education experiences. More critically, this study aims to discover whether ideologies surrounding musical value impact on the student experience in higher education. A survey of undergraduate students of music (N=60) at a

Gwen Moore

2012-01-01

126

Evaluation of a novel method of chemical education: The Undergraduates Teaching Undergraduates program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1995, the University of Pittsburgh was among a number of institutions in the country to join with the City College of the City University of New York in a novel research project, Workshop Chemistry, which fosters cooperative learning by utilizing advanced undergraduates to instruct and mentor other undergraduate students in both recitation and laboratory classes. That year, the Undergraduates Teaching Undergraduates (UTU) program was begun in the chemistry department at the University of Pittsburgh. In the UTU program, undergraduates who have completed an entry-level general chemistry course are trained as peer instructors, called UTUs, for that course. Both first and second term general chemistry classes at the University of Pittsburgh employ UTUs as well as traditional graduate teaching assistants (TAs) for both recitation and laboratory sections. This study investigated the effects of the UTU program in general chemistry laboratory classes by comparing the final exams of students in traditional TA-taught sections with exams of students taught by UTUs. The project was divided into two phases; the preparative measurement development phase in which the coding scheme and rubrics for analyzing the questions were developed and the evaluative learning outcome phase which assessed the students' achievement by examining their responses to three assessment questions. These questions dealt with student awareness of the structure of an experiment in terms of goals, procedures, conclusions and chemical concepts, logical thinking and verbal and written communication skills. The results of the analysis show that students in the UTU sections performed consistently better than students in TA sections, especially in areas that require critical thinking and understanding skills. In no cases examined were the learning outcomes negatively affected by UTU instruction.

McCreary, Christine Louise

127

Relationship between Sleep Quality and Health Risk Behaviors in Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sleep Quality Index (SQI) and the Centers for Disease Control's National College Health Risk Survey (NCHRS) were administered to 859 undergraduates at a large southeastern university. Results indicated that 76.6% reported occasional sleep problems and 11.8 % experienced poor sleep quality. Among the problems reported, "general morning…

Vail-Smith, Karen; Felts, W. Michael; Becker, Craig

2009-01-01

128

From Couch Potatoes to Readers: Enriching Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses results of a survey of undergraduates' television watching and reading habits, revealing startling numbers of nonreaders or minimal readers. Describes assignments used in journalism classes to promote the reading habit. (SR)

Timbs, Lawrence C., Jr.

1993-01-01

129

LaURGE: Louisiana Undergraduate Recruitment and Geoscience Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NSF and the Shell Foundation sponsor a program called Louisiana Undergraduate Recruitment and Geoscience Education (LaURGE). Goals of LaURGE are: 1) Interweave geoscience education into the existing curriculum; 2) Provide teachers with lesson plans that promote interest in geoscience, critical thinking by students, and are consistent with current knowledge in geoscience; and 3) Provide teachers with supplies that make these lessons the highlights of the course. Biology workshops were held at LSU in Baton Rouge and Centenary College in Shreveport in July 2009. 25 teachers including 5 African-Americans attended the workshops. Teachers were from public and private schools in seven different parishes. Teacher experience ranged from 3 years to 40 years. Courses impacted are Biology, Honors Biology, AP Biology, and Environmental Science. The workshops began with a field trip to Mississippi to collect fossil shark teeth and create a virtual field trip. After the field trip, teachers do a series of activities on fossil shark teeth to illustrate evolution and introduce basic concepts such as geologic time, superposition, and faunal succession. Teachers were also given a $200 budget from which to select fossils for use in their classrooms. One of our exercises explores the evolution of the megatoothed shark lineage leading to Carcharocles megalodon, the largest predatory shark in history with teeth up to 17 cm long. Megatoothed shark teeth have an excellent fossil record and show continuous transitions in morphology from the Eocene to Pliocene. We take advantage of the curiosity of sharks shared by most people, and allow teachers to explore the variations among different shark teeth and to explain the causes of those variations. Objectives are to have teachers (and their students): 1) sort fossil shark teeth into biologically reasonable species; 2) form hypotheses about evolutionary relationships; and 3) describe and interpret evolutionary trends in the fossil Megatoothed lineage. The exercise concludes with discussion of the environmental and biotic events occurring between the Eocene and Miocene epochs that may have caused evolutionary changes in the megatooth shark’s teeth. Other topics covered include radiometric age dating, biogeochemical cycles, and human impact on the carbon and sulfur cycles. Pretests and posttests were administered to assess effectiveness of the program as well as identify teacher misconceptions. This information will be used in future workshops. NSF funding will allow the biology workshops to be repeated in 2010. In addition, a new workshop for physics teachers will be introduced in 2010.

Nunn, J. A.; Agnew, J.

2009-12-01

130

Modular Digital Course in Undergraduate Neuroscience Education (MDCUNE): A Website Offering Free Digital Tools for Neuroscience Educators.  

PubMed

We are providing free digital resources for teaching neuroscience labs at http://mdcune.psych.ucla.edu/. These resources will ultimately include materials for teaching laboratories in electrophysiology of neuronal circuits (SWIMMY), a Neuroinformatics/Bioinformatics module, and two modules for investigating the effects of hormones on early CNS development-one focusing on the development of the song system and one focusing on sex differences in spinal cord motor neurons. All of these modules are inquiry based-students gain from genuine experiences in doing actual studies rather than just simulations. These materials should provide instructors the ability to provide good quality laboratory experiences regardless of resource limitations. Currently, modules on sex differences in the spinal cord and virtual neural circuits (SWIMMY) are available on our website. More will be available in summer 2009 and 2010. SWIMMY was demonstrated at the Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) Workshop-The Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: Interactions, interdisciplines, and curricular best practices at Macalester College in July 2008. PMID:23494065

Grisham, William

2009-01-01

131

Prevention for the 21st Century: Setting the Context through Undergraduate Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of teaching preventive medicine and presents a set of core competencies in preventive medicine for undergraduate medical education recommended by a 1997 task force of medical educators. Also reviews the Medical School Objectives Project, which describes in broad terms the knowledge, attitudes and skills students must…

Pomrehn, Paul R.; Davis, Mary V.; Chen, D. W.; Barker, William

2000-01-01

132

Strategic Planning of the Graduate and Undergraduate Education in a Research University in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a model used at Japan's Hokkaido University to integrate general and specialized education. For undergraduate study, the common core curriculum is supported by an interdisciplinary education system offering the essence of each specialized field abstracted and reorganized for non-specialized students. Graduate study is more flexible. (EV)

Ogasawara, Masaaki

2002-01-01

133

Assessment of the Undergraduate Medical Education Environment in a Large UK Medical School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the undergraduate educational environment in a large UK medical school. Method: Prospective study using the already validated Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) questionnaire ("Appendix 1"). Setting: A large UK medical school. Participants: All medical students enrolled in the academic year 2002/2003. Main outcome…

Dunne, Fidelma; McAleer, Sean; Roff, Susan

2006-01-01

134

Instructors' Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Teaching Undergraduate Physical Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to analyze adapted physical education instructors' views about the application of the theory of planned behavior (TpB) in teaching physical education undergraduate courses. Participants ("n" = 17) were instructors of adapted physical activity courses from twelve randomly selected institutions of higher…

Filho, Paulo Jose Barbosa Gutierres; Monteiro, Maria Dolores Alves Ferreira; da Silva, Rudney; Hodge, Samuel R.

2013-01-01

135

Shaping the Future: New Expectations for Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the final report of an intensive review of the state of undergraduate education in science, mathematics, engineering and technology (SME&T) in America. It was conducted by a committee of the Advisory Committee to the Education and Human Resources Directorate of the National Science Foundation (NSF). The year-long review has revealed that…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Education and Human Resources.

136

Initial Findings on the Benchmarks Pilot Project for the Nova Southeastern University Undergraduate Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the initial evaluation results of a pilot project conducted to implement program benchmarks for Nova Southeastern University's Undergraduate Teacher Education Program in Elementary Education. The program benchmarks are a response to the national movement toward standards to ensure teacher effectiveness. They serve as…

Griffin, David; LeBlanc, Patrice; McConnell, Twyla

137

Initiating a Standards-Based Undergraduate Technology Education Degree Program at St. Petersburg College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, the last state university undergraduate technology education program in Florida closed its doors due to low enrollments and a new focus on graduate studies. This closing and the continued need for 165 certified technology education teachers to fill open positions each year in Florida created a need for St Petersburg College (SPC) to…

Loveland, Thomas

2006-01-01

138

Pilot Training Program in Undergraduate Educational Research; Spring Trimester Research Training Project (May-August, 1966).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 36-week pilot training program for 20 outstanding undergraduates in education and in the behavioral and social sciences was conducted in 1966. It was designed to assist students (1) to develop basic competencies in measurement techniques and statistical research designs appropriate to educational research, (2) to engage in individual study in…

Gordon, Ira J.

139

A New Consensus for Undergraduate Education: Can We Get There from Here?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business executives, government leaders and educators concerned with undergraduate curriculum are converging on a set of college outcomes necessary for success in the global society of the 21st century. Yet moving postsecondary education toward a curriculum that embraces these outcomes has proven difficult. The preoccupations of faculty members,…

Shoenberg, Robert E.

2007-01-01

140

Two Views of Electronic Portfolios in Teacher Education: Non-Technology Undergraduates and Technology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive study is to provide insights into teacher education students' perceptions of electronic portfolios. Twenty-three non-technology undergraduates and 14 graduate students in educational technology created complex electronic portfolios during the two years or more of their respective programs. Upon completion,…

Bartlett, Andrea; Sherry, Annette C.

2006-01-01

141

Expected Benefits of Streamlining Undergraduate Medical Education by Early Commitment to Specific Medical Specialties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate medical education is too long; it does not meet the needs for physicians' workforce; and its content is inconsistent with the job characteristics of some of its graduates. In this paper we attempt to respond to these problems by streamlining medical education along the following three reforms. First, high school graduates would be…

Benbassat, Jochanan; Baumal, Reuben

2012-01-01

142

Council on Undergraduate Research: A Resource (and a Community) for Science Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) is a professional organization dedicated to strengthening science and undergraduate science education. Central to the activities and programs sponsored by CUR is the recognition that the investigative process, especially undergraduate student research, plays a key role in an undergraduate science education. Publications, conferences, and other activities of CUR have facilitated the establishment and maintenance of a network of undergraduate teacher-researchers. For many members, myself included, the most important aspect of CUR is this sense of community provided by the opportunities to meet and work with colleagues who hold shared values and common expectations for science education. First established by a small group of prominent chemistry faculty in 1978, the Council on Undergraduate Research is now a rapidly growing multidisciplinary organization serving over 3,500 members in seven scientific and mathematical divisions, including biology, chemistry, geology, physics/astronomy, mathematics, and psychology (Fig. 1.). Chemists continue to play an important role in CUR; the Division of Chemistry, with more than 1,200 members, is the largest division.

Halstead, Judith A.

1997-02-01

143

Student perceptions of evaluation in undergraduate medical education: A qualitative study from one medical school  

PubMed Central

Background Evaluation is an integral part of medical education. Despite a wide use of various evaluation tools, little is known about student perceptions regarding the purpose and desired consequences of evaluation. Such knowledge is important to facilitate interpretation of evaluation results. The aims of this study were to elicit student views on the purpose of evaluation, indicators of teaching quality, evaluation tools and possible consequences drawn from evaluation data. Methods This qualitative study involved 17 undergraduate medical students in Years 3 and 4 participating in 3 focus group interviews. Content analysis was conducted by two different researchers. Results Evaluation was viewed as a means to facilitate improvements within medical education. Teaching quality was believed to be dependent on content, process, teacher and student characteristics as well as learning outcome, with an emphasis on the latter. Students preferred online evaluations over paper-and-pencil forms and suggested circulating results among all faculty and students. Students strongly favoured the allocation of rewards and incentives for good teaching to individual teachers. Conclusions In addition to assessing structural aspects of teaching, evaluation tools need to adequately address learning outcome. The use of reliable and valid evaluation methods is a prerequisite for resource allocation to individual teachers based on evaluation results.

2012-01-01

144

Southeast Asia: Education Quality Varies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The state of higher chemical education in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Burma is assessed. The assessment includes the number of universities in each country, student enrollment, facilities available, degree offered and an evaluation of the quality of education. (GS)

Wotiz, John H.

1974-01-01

145

Evaluating Quality in Educational Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the OECD Programme on Educational Building (PEB) organised two international experts' group meetings to discuss how countries define and evaluate quality in educational facilities. The research and experiences of six experts are presented in this article, in addition to the lessons learned from the experts' group meetings. The director of…

Abend, Allen; Ornstein, Sheila Walbe; Baltas, Emmanuel; de la Garza, Jaime; Watson, Chris; Lange, Kurt; von Ahlefeld, Hannah

2006-01-01

146

Quality Assurance in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one of a series designed as a companion to the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE)'s fact book, "Policy Indicators for Higher Education: WICHE States." The title article maintains that the growth of distance learning programs has heightened existing concerns about their quality. Institutions can ensure…

Zuniga, Etter; Krauth, Barbara

1996-01-01

147

Ecologies of Education Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability in education has prompted policy makers and practitioners to focus on data use for instructional and organizational decision-making. The popular media have seized on Value Added (VA) measures as a key type of data use for reforming U.S. schools. Among education researchers, however, there are both critics and proponents. We examined…

Graue, M. Elizabeth; Delaney, Katherine K.; Karch, Anne S.

2013-01-01

148

Assuring Quality in Education Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of quality assurance educational evaluation methods are illustrated. Evaluation data obtained from the Providence, Rhode Island, school district are used. The methods are: (1) from auditing, internal control; (2) from accounting, double bookkeeping; and (3) from industrial quality control, acceptance sampling and cumulative percentage…

Trochim, William M. K.; Visco, Ronald J.

1986-01-01

149

Total Quality Management in Higher Education: Applying Its Principles and Practices in the College Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review is about the application of the ideas of Total Quality Management (TQM) in the academic side of higher learning institutions (classrooms). The methodology is solely document analysis. Findings show that TQM is a possible avenue for achieving national goals of quality for undergraduate and graduate education. The TQM…

Munoz, Marco A.

150

A Comparison of Graduate and Undergraduate Teacher Education Students' Perceptions of Their Instructors' Use of "Microsoft PowerPoint"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the perceptions of 304 teacher education students regarding how effectively and meaningfully their instructors use the "Microsoft PowerPoint" presentation software program in their teaching and compared graduate and undergraduate students' perceptions to determine the extent to which graduate and undergraduate teacher educators

Yilmazel-Sahin, Yesim

2009-01-01

151

The Effects of Instructional Intervention on Improving Proportional, Probabilistic, and Correlational Reasoning Skills among Undergraduate Education Majors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the effect of instruction to improve the reasoning skills of undergraduates majoring in education. Results indicate the lack of proficiency in formal reasoning by undergraduate education majors in the areas of proportional, probabilistic, and correlational reasoning. Also indicates that deficiencies in reasoning ability in these areas…

Vass, E.; Schiller, D.; Nappi, A. J.

2000-01-01

152

Computing in the Humanities: An Interdisciplinary Partnership in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Computing in the Humanities," an undergraduate course for Computer Science Department majors and minors and Web Programming minors at New York University, represents a unique collaboration between the Computer Science Department and the University Archives. The course's final assignment required students to select, digitize, and contextualize…

Bunde, Janet; Engel, Deena

2010-01-01

153

Discipline-Based Efforts to Enhance Undergraduate STEM Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Efforts to reform and improve teaching and learning in the undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines have grown increasingly stronger and more focused over the past two decades. Since the early 1990s, some notable unifying developments have given coherence to such initiatives, as well as other developments…

Ferrini-Mundy, Joan; Gucler, Beste

2009-01-01

154

Computer Instructional Aids for Undergraduate Control Education. 1978 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work represents the development of computer tools for undergraduate students. Emphasis is on automatic control theory using hybrid and digital computation. The routine calculations of control system analysis are presented as students would use them on the University of Michigan's central digital computer and the time-shared graphic terminals…

Volz, Richard A.; And Others

155

The Core Curriculum and Undergraduate Education: Reflections on an Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the implementation of a common core curriculum in undergraduate programs at University College of Southern Queensland (UCSQ) in 1990. A justification for the core structure, and a specific core unit titled “Australia, Asia and the Pacific” is argued in detail. Opposition from Schools within UCSQ which considered the core units took away limited time from specialist and

Philip Kitley

1992-01-01

156

Students' Understanding of Theory in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates undergraduate students' application of theory in their analysis of problems presented in authentic leadership cases. Taking a phenomenographic research approach, the paper identifies two levels at which students understand "theory": Level 1-Theory as knowledge acquired from books; Level 2-Theory as support…

Liff, Roy; Rovio-Johansson, Airi

2014-01-01

157

Reading in tertiary education: undergraduate student practices and attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of a study of undergraduate student use of, and attitudes toward, textbooks and other assigned reading. More than 1200 students of various subjects at three Swedish universities were surveyed. Most students said reading played an important role in learning generally and attributed positive characteristics to their textbooks. However, students' self-reported reading behaviour was at odds

Diane Pecorari; Philip Shaw; Aileen Irvine; Hans Malmström; Špela Mežek

2012-01-01

158

Undergraduate Educational Components for Nanoscale Issues in Manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering designers during the next fifty years will work intimately with tools and applications made feasible by nanotechnology. Therefore, engineering undergraduates must be able to integrate concepts and principles of nanotechnology into their knowledge bases as soon as possible. The project \\

Jeff Froyd; Terry Creasy; Ibrahim Karaman; Winfried Teizer; Rita Caso

2004-01-01

159

Use of Lecture Capture in Undergraduate Biological Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the use of lecture capture in students in a large 3rd year undergraduate biological science course at the University of Guelph. Data regarding viewing behaviour, academic performance, and attendance were analyzed in relation to student learning approach (as assessed by the R-SPQ-2F), gender, and year of post-secondary…

Wiese, Candace; Newton, Genevieve

2013-01-01

160

Nonstandard Analysis and Its Place in Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nonstandard Analysis gives an alternative approach to teaching elementary calculus. This paper hopes to communicate to the reader the ideas of this recent development in mathematics and its implications in teaching undergraduate students. The development of the approach is first briefly traced. Then a method of constructing on ordered field…

Nagarkatte, Shailaja U.

161

Addressing Patient Sexual Orientation in the Undergraduate Medical Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study aims to estimate the number of hours dedicated to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender content in one medical school's undergraduate curriculum, compare it to the national average, and identify barriers to addressing this content. Methods: Course and clerkship directors were asked to estimate how many hours they spent on…

Tamas, Rebecca L.; Miller, Karen Hughes; Martin, Leslee J.; Greenberg, Ruth B.

2010-01-01

162

Research on computer technology for undergraduates in mathematics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in computer technology are providing support for undergraduates mathematics teaching with a new learning environment. This paper presents an approach on teaching mathematics in computer environments. The role of computers in mathematics teaching has increased due to the importance of visualization in mathematics teaching. These developments make the accessing of structured information sources much easier. The wide range

Dong Chen; Wenjing Jia; Haiju Wang

2009-01-01

163

Training graduate teaching assistants to be better undergraduate physics educators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Universities often depend on their graduate students to be undergraduate physics instructors. These novice teachers need to be trained to be effective in the physics teaching environment. This paper describes and documents the content and fiscal components of a successful graduate student teacher-training programme.

Gilreath, John; Slater, Timothy F.

2013-03-02

164

The Genomics Education Partnership: Successful Integration of Research into Laboratory Classes at a Diverse Group of Undergraduate Institutions  

PubMed Central

Genomics is not only essential for students to understand biology but also provides unprecedented opportunities for undergraduate research. The goal of the Genomics Education Partnership (GEP), a collaboration between a growing number of colleges and universities around the country and the Department of Biology and Genome Center of Washington University in St. Louis, is to provide such research opportunities. Using a versatile curriculum that has been adapted to many different class settings, GEP undergraduates undertake projects to bring draft-quality genomic sequence up to high quality and/or participate in the annotation of these sequences. GEP undergraduates have improved more than 2 million bases of draft genomic sequence from several species of Drosophila and have produced hundreds of gene models using evidence-based manual annotation. Students appreciate their ability to make a contribution to ongoing research, and report increased independence and a more active learning approach after participation in GEP projects. They show knowledge gains on pre- and postcourse quizzes about genes and genomes and in bioinformatic analysis. Participating faculty also report professional gains, increased access to genomics-related technology, and an overall positive experience. We have found that using a genomics research project as the core of a laboratory course is rewarding for both faculty and students.

Shaffer, Christopher D.; Alvarez, Consuelo; Bailey, Cheryl; Barnard, Daron; Bhalla, Satish; Chandrasekaran, Chitra; Chandrasekaran, Vidya; Chung, Hui-Min; Dorer, Douglas R.; Du, Chunguang; Eckdahl, Todd T.; Poet, Jeff L.; Frohlich, Donald; Goodman, Anya L.; Gosser, Yuying; Hauser, Charles; Hoopes, Laura L.M.; Johnson, Diana; Jones, Christopher J.; Kaehler, Marian; Kokan, Nighat; Kopp, Olga R.; Kuleck, Gary A.; McNeil, Gerard; Moss, Robert; Myka, Jennifer L.; Nagengast, Alexis; Morris, Robert; Overvoorde, Paul J.; Shoop, Elizabeth; Parrish, Susan; Reed, Kelynne; Regisford, E. Gloria; Revie, Dennis; Rosenwald, Anne G.; Saville, Ken; Schroeder, Stephanie; Shaw, Mary; Skuse, Gary; Smith, Christopher; Smith, Mary; Spana, Eric P.; Spratt, Mary; Stamm, Joyce; Thompson, Jeff S.; Wawersik, Matthew; Wilson, Barbara A.; Youngblom, Jim; Leung, Wilson; Buhler, Jeremy; Mardis, Elaine R.; Lopatto, David

2010-01-01

165

Elementary science education library resources in graduate and undergraduate teacher education programs of new England  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to compare elementary science education library resources available in graduate and undergraduate teacher education institutions in New England. A 31-item survey was sent to teacher education institutions certified to prepare elementary teachers. The survey had four components: (1) services (i.e., ERIC, computer search, etc.), (2) journal holdings/science (i.e., Science and Children, Science Education, etc.), and nonscience (i.e., Reading Teacher, Instructor, etc.), (3) resources available (i.e., elementary science textbooks, audio-visual materials, computer software, etc.), and (4) an open-ended question about what major resources were needed to help prepare preservice students to teach science. There was a 72% return rate from the 87 institutions. Data were analyzed by the FREQUENCIES and ONEWAY subprograms of SPSSX. Less than 34% of the non-graduate libraries had ERIC microfiche available, Dissertation Abstracts, and computer search capabilities services. There was significant difference between graduate and nongraduate institutions journal holdings for science education journals and indexes. The surveyed libraries had more elementary science textbooks published prior to 1980 than those published after 1980 and were severely lacking in computer software.

Barrow, Lloyd H.

166

Who Really Answers the Questions? Using Glasser's Quality School Model in an Undergraduate Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the effectiveness of the Quality School model and active learning in an undergraduate classroom setting. They compare performance levels of students in two course sections of Principles of Macroeconomics and two sections of Managerial Communications. Students are given an opportunity to help shape the structure of the…

Logan, Jennifer; Plumlee, Gerald L.

2012-01-01

167

Project-based Learning in Undergraduate Educational Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educators encounter complex and ill-defined problems within unpredictable contexts. Teacher education increasingly relies on problem-based and project-based learning. Technology-using educators face added complexities and possibilities of educational technology. The approach to project-based learning (PBL) in educational technology described in this paper is project-centered performance in the educational technology course required of preservice teachers. Students in the course learned through stages

Cathy Cavanaugh

168

Using Quality Circles to Enhance Student Involvement and Course Quality in a Large Undergraduate Food Science and Human Nutrition Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large undergraduate classes are a challenge to manage, to engage, and to assess, yet such formidable classes can flourish when student participation is facilitated. One method of generating authentic student involvement is implementation of quality circles by means of a Student Feedback Committee (SFC), which is a volunteer problem-solving and…

Schmidt, S. J.; Parmer, M. S.; Bohn, D. M.

2005-01-01

169

A Three-Tiered Approach to Enhance Undergraduate Education in Bioethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The systematic integration of ethics into undergraduate programs is a key component to improving the understanding of ethical issues in science for a broad audience. We propose a three-tiered approach to integrating ethics and social issues that can be readily adapted to particular curricular needs. A concerted incorporation of ethics strategically targeted to each level of undergraduate education will improve the preparation of prospective research scientists, enhance K12 teacher training, increase the scientific and ethical literacy of the general public, and improve the awareness of health professionals regarding ethics in medicine. After examining textbooks, programs, and faculty perspectives, we suggest areas in which changes can be made to incorporate ethics into undergraduate education.

Lori A. Zaikowski (Dowling College;); Jinnie M. Garrett (Hamilton College;)

2004-01-10

170

The Use of DC Glow Discharges as Undergraduate Educational Tools  

SciTech Connect

Plasmas have a beguiling way of getting students excited and interested in physics. We argue that plasmas can and should be incorporated into the undergraduate curriculum as both demonstrations and advanced investigations of electromagnetism and quantum effects. Our device, based on a direct current (DC) glow discharge tube, allows for a number of experiments into topics such as electrical breakdown, spectroscopy, magnetism, and electron temperature.

Stephanie A. Wissel and Andrew Zwicker, Jerry Ross, and Sophia Gershman

2012-10-09

171

An Exploration of Potential Factors Affecting Student Withdrawal from an Undergraduate Music Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the degree withdrawal patterns of undergraduate music education majors, with a specific focus on the individual experiences of students withdrawing from the major. Data from recently withdrawn students (N = 14) were assembled using a qualitative methodology that included semistructured interviews,…

Gavin, Russell B.

2012-01-01

172

Undergraduate Social Research in Education Training Project (January 1-December 31, 1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1-year program was aimed at training 9 undergraduate students in techniques of social research and statistics as they apply to the field of education. During the second semester of their junior year trainees took a 4-credit-hour course in methods of social research and participated in a 2-credit project involving lectures, conferences, field…

Burma, John H.

173

Crossing over: An Undergraduate Service Learning Project that Connects to Biotechnology Education in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of engaging students in science and helping them to become informed citizens has been highlighted by many groups invested in science education. This report describes a project that furthers both academic and civic goals through the integration of a service learning component into an undergraduate course. This nonmajors class covers…

Hark, Amy T.

2008-01-01

174

Leadership Summit to Effect Change in Teaching and Learning: Undergraduate Education in Agriculture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a convention held at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC, on October 3-5, 2006, to discuss the current status and future of undergraduate education in agriculture. This "Leadership Summit to Effect Change in Teaching and Learning" was a first step in what is planned to be an ongoing conversation that is…

Fagen, Adam P.; Schoen, Robin; Labov, Jay B.

2007-01-01

175

Web-Based-Research as Critical Pedagogy: A Reflection on Its Application to Undergraduate Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In disciplines such as Management, where research capacity is not seen as an obvious workplace skill, it is difficult to get students to engage in research activities. They see them as too difficult and without value. However, research activities in undergraduate Management education are vital as tools for developing key learning attributes such…

Coronado, Gabriela

2011-01-01

176

Post-Secondary Education and Rural Women Enrolled in Liberal Arts Undergraduate Degrees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The significance of post-secondary education is investigated for rural Newfoundland women enrolled in undergraduate liberal arts degree programs. Data collection for this research involved comprehensive, detailed semi-structured biographical interviews with rural women studying liberal arts disciplines during the 2006-2007 academic year at…

Bourgeois, Monique; Kirby, Dale

2012-01-01

177

Current Demand and Future Need for Undergraduate LIS Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through an analysis of the results of a survey of Australian employers of Library and Information Studies (LIS) graduates, this paper explores the current demand and future need for undergraduate LIS education in Australia. In the context of recent calls for adopting a purely postgraduate level of entry to the profession, the overwhelming majority…

Sanders, Roy

2008-01-01

178

Utilizing Undergraduate Nursing Students To Provide Health Education in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes one elementary school's experience utilizing undergraduate nursing students as an alternative resource for providing health education. Nursing students observed in the classroom, prepared teaching plans, and presented topics. Participants reported that the experience was effective in relation to the levels of achievement attained by…

Drott, Patricia M.

2001-01-01

179

Education for Action. Undergraduate and Graduate Programs That Focus on Social Change. Expanded Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive guide to graduate and undergraduate programs focusing on social change that are recommended by Food First, a non-profit research and education center with a mission of empowering citizens to address the root causes of hunger, poverty, and environmental decline. Listings provide the name and address of the…

Brooks, Sean, Ed.; Knowles, Alison, Ed.

180

Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education: A View for the 21st Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the Advancement of Science with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) held a series of conversations with faculty, administrators, students, and other stakeholders on the future of undergraduate biology education. This website contains the reports, related documents, and the final report and action plan developed from these discussions.

2011-10-20

181

Bringing Environmental Sustainability to Undergraduate Engineering Education: Experiences in an Inter-Disciplinary Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper chronicles the development of an interdisciplinary course in environmentally conscious design at Kettering University, a technologically focused Midwestern university. Funded by the National Science Foundation, a team of six faculty members at Kettering University adapted work done by Ford Motor Company to educate undergraduate STEM…

Aurandt, Jennifer; Borchers, Andrew Scott; Lynch-Caris, Terri; El-Sayed, Jacqueline; Hoff, Craig

2012-01-01

182

Goals, Purposes, and Future of Undergraduate Education in the Psychology of Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introductory course in gerontology should be tied to the liberal arts core of higher education and not merely provide assembly lines of facts. Undergraduates should be helped to appreciate difficulties in designing and interpreting gerontological studies and to realize that they are not yet ready to undertake independent empirical…

Schonfield, David; Chatfield, Sally

1976-01-01

183

Structure and Emergence. Proceedings of an Institute on Innovations in Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Excerpts from transcripts of sessions at the Institute on Innovations in Undergraduate Education, attended by 32 faculty and administrators representing 10 colleges and universities, are presented. Practitioners discuss their observations and experiences in innovation programs, led by staff members of the University of Michigan's Center for the…

Gamson, Zelda F., Ed.; Levey, Richard H., Ed.

184

Development and Adaptations of the Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The original authors of a 1987 article, "Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education," in the AAHE Bulletin suggest that these principles have been among the most influential ideas of the past twenty years and have been disseminated, applied, adapted, and researched in many different ways. (DB)

Chickering, Arthur W.; Gamson, Zelda F.

1999-01-01

185

A Brief History of the Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education assert that good practice (1) encourages student-faculty contact; (2) encourages cooperation among students; (3) encourages active learning; (4) gives prompt feedback; (5) emphasizes time on task; (6) communicates high expectations; and (7) respects diverse talents and ways of…

Gamson, Zelda F.

1991-01-01

186

Transforming Undergraduate Science Teaching: Social Constructivist Perspectives. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book comes at a time when epistemological reform is sweeping through the global community of science education. Since the 1970s, the theories of knowing embodied in the teaching activities of school science teachers have been undergoing a major transformation toward more learner-sensitive standpoints. Undergraduate science teaching however,…

Taylor, Peter C., Ed.; Gilmer, Penny J., Ed.; Tobin, Kenneth, Ed.

187

Enablers and Constraints to the Use of Inquiry-Based Learning in Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study involved a meta-analysis of 10 cases of inquiry-based learning (IBL) in undergraduate education to determine the factors which both enable and constrain its use. The enabling factors were found to include: teacher attributes--being student-centred, reflective but rebellious; course design attributes--questions stimulating learning,…

Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Walker, Rebecca; Batchelor, Julie; O'Steen, Billy; Angelo, Tom

2011-01-01

188

Learning about Environmental Issues: Postgraduate and Undergraduate Students' Interpretations of Environmental Contents in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To present results from a research project on postgraduate and undergraduate students' learning about environmental issues in education. Design/methodology/approach: Three cases were carried out with civil engineering students, biology students and postgraduate students. Discussions in classroom were tape-recorded, as well as discussions…

Lundholm, Cecilia

2005-01-01

189

Undergraduate Pharmacy Education in the United States and New Zealand: Towards a Core Curriculum?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and evaluates the undergraduate pharmacy programs at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) and New Zealand's University of Otago. The programs broadly represent "American" and "British" models of pharmacy education. Discusses their similarities and differences, including extensive in-course experiential work at UNC-CH;…

Shaw, John P.

2001-01-01

190

Access, Satisfaction, and Future: Undergraduate Education at the Indian Institutes of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are among the most prestigious technical institutes in India (and perhaps in the world) for undergraduate engineering education. Admission to an IIT is viewed by many Indians as a passport to success, prosperity, prestige, and possibly moving to Western countries for higher studies and/or jobs. This paper…

Varma, Roli; Kapur, Deepak

2010-01-01

191

Teacher Classroom Behaviour Management Preparation in Undergraduate Primary Education in Australia: A Web-Based Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom behaviour management is an essential skill required by all teacher graduates to facilitate instruction in curriculum content. This article describes the classroom behaviour management (CBM) content on offer in Australian undergraduate primary education programs. To date, no nationwide studies exist that report the CBM instruction on…

O'Neill, Sue C.; Stephensen, Jennifer

2011-01-01

192

A Competency Based Special Education Undergraduate Internship at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a competency based internship program at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded for undergraduate students in special education at Appalachian State University. Explained are the consumer based approach embodied in applied training programs, the goal of providing practical and reality-based applications of knowledge…

Caldwell, Erin Kent; Brooks, Benjamin L.

193

Teaching French to a Non-Sighted Undergraduate: Adjusting Practices to Deliver Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sets out to illustrate the needs of a registered blind undergraduate student embarking upon a post-A-level French course at the University of Northampton. It also reflects upon (1) some of the challenges faced by the higher education (HE) tutors concerned and (2) the key adjustments put into place with a view to adopting…

Enjelvin, Geraldine Daniele

2009-01-01

194

Going from lectures to expeditions: Creating a virtual voyage in undergraduate ocean science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The WWW provides for new collaborations in distributed learning in higher education. The lead author has developed a highly successful online course at the undergraduate level with an enrollment of more than 300 non-science majors each year, We are currently initiating a new focus for the course by emphasizing sea-going research, primarily in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, through the development

D. Reed; N. Garfield; J. Locke; J. Anglin; H. Karl; B. Edwards

2003-01-01

195

Experiences in Developing an Experimental Robotics Course Program for Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interdisciplinary undergraduate-level robotics course offers students the chance to integrate their engineering knowledge learned throughout their college years by building a robotic system. Robotics is thus a core course in system and control-related engineering education. This paper summarizes the experience of developing robotics courses…

Jung, Seul

2013-01-01

196

A Comparison between Online and Traditional Learning in an Undergraduate Higher Education Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines differences in performance on selected assignments and two examinations between an online and a traditional undergraduate education course. In addition, differences in Locus of Control between the courses are examined. A MANCOVA indicated no significant difference in Locus of Control. MANCOVA indicated that student performance…

Womack, David L.

2010-01-01

197

Vision and Change in Biology Undergraduate Education: Vision and Change from the Funding Front  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this short article is to (a) briefly summarize the findings of two important recent resources concerning the future of biology in the 21st century; one, Vision and Change, A Call to Action [AAAS, 2009. AAAS, Washington, DC], concerned with undergraduate education in biology, the other, A New Biology for the 21st Century [National…

Holm, Bethany; Carter, Virginia Celeste; Woodin, Terry

2011-01-01

198

A Program Evaluation of Cardinal Stritch University's Undergraduate Teacher Education Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to study the effectiveness of Cardinal Stritch University's Undergraduate Teacher Education Program in preparing its graduates to teach all children. The researcher framed the study around four areas of concern common to beginning teachers from the research and literature: (a) curriculum, instruction and assessment…

Russell, Freda Renee

2009-01-01

199

Integration of Centrifuge Testing in Undergraduate Geotechnical Engineering Education at Remote Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing, and assessing an educational module that integrates remote major research instrumentation into undergraduate classes. Specifically, this study employs Internet Web-based technologies to allow for real-time video monitoring and execution of cutting-edge experiments. The…

El Shamy, Usama; Abdoun, Tarek; McMartin, Flora; Pando, Miguel A.

2013-01-01

200

Exploring a Virtual Conference Web Site for Undergraduate Health Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate health education students have been encouraged to attend professional conferences at the regional, state, and national levels. However, despite the benefits of attending these conferences, students may be reluctant to attend due to time and financial constraints among others. One solution for overcoming these barriers is the creation…

Johnson, Maureen; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2009-01-01

201

Undergraduate and Graduate Courses in Information Resources Management: Educational and Managerial Judgement about Appropriate Course Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 147 information science educators and managers revealed a high degree of commonality in the courses each saw as important for programs in information resources management. Differences existed in a few areas, notably the importance of budgeting. Sample curricula based on these findings are proposed for graduate and undergraduate

Laribee, J.

1992-01-01

202

Vision and change in undergraduate biology education: a call to action presentation to faculty for undergraduate neuroscience, july 2011.  

PubMed

The biology of the 21(st) century requires a revolution in teaching that corresponds to the revolution that the discipline experienced in the last decades of the 20(th) century. Consensus is not a tradition in the many disparate subdisciplines that constitute modern biology, but the demands of effective instruction prompted an unprecedented series of conversations among all the stakeholders of undergraduate biology education. A culminating conference resulted in consensus on both the form and substance of modern biology courses: They should emphasize repeatedly five core concepts and six core competencies in a student-centered, inquiry-driven pedagogy modeled on a number of "best practices." The conference report can serve as a guide to individual faculty members, departments, and institutions seeking to reform their teaching practices. PMID:23494151

Ledbetter, Mary Lee S

2012-01-01

203

Incorporating Space Science Content Into the Undergraduate Curriculum by the NASA Education Forums' Higher Education Working Group  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the NASA Education Forums, the Higher Education Working Group (HEWG) strives to support undergraduate science education through a variety of activities. These activities include: providing resource that incorporate space science topics into the existing undergraduate curriculum, understanding the role that community colleges play in STEM education and preparing STEM teachers, and identifying issues in diversity related to STEM education. To assess the best way of including space science into the undergraduate curriculum, the HEWG held a series of workshops and conducted surveys of undergraduate faculty who are conducting research in space science. During this engagement, the faculty expressed a need for a centralized repository of materials that can be used as part of already existing undergraduate courses in astronomy, physics, and earth science. Such a repository has since been developed, the 'EarthSpace Higher Education Clearing House (http://www.lpi.usra.edu/earthspace/) and it is still growing. Additional community tools, such as a newsletter, are provided through this website. To better understand the role and needs of community colleges, the HEWG undertook and extensive survey of community college STEM faculty. 187 faculty responded to the survey and the results show the extensive teaching load these faculty have, as well as the diverse demographics and the extent to which STEM teachers begin their preparation at 2 year institutions. Finally, the HEWG has begun to work on understanding the issues faced in increasing the diversity of the STEM work force. Progress and results of all this work will be summarized in this presentation.

Gross, N. A.; Buxner, S.; Cobabe-Ammann, E. A.; Fraknoi, A.; Moldwin, M.; Peticolas, L. M.; Low, R.; Schultz, G. R.

2013-12-01

204

Sex Education Knowledge Differences between Freshmen and Senior College Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstinence sexuality education (sex ed) is the only federally funded sex ed in the United States. The strict curriculum of this education does not educate American adolescents about safer sex practices and leaves a knowledge gap in these adolescents that follows them into college. The Problem: This project aimed to identify sex knowledge…

Franklin, Ruth M.; Dotger, Sharon

2011-01-01

205

Undergraduate Physical Education Teacher Preparation: What Practitioners Tell Us  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines what teachers believe is the most important teaching approaches in physical education teacher education. Kindergarten through twelfth grade physical education teachers from Wisconsin, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and California were surveyed. Data were examined by way of descriptive statistics. Results suggests that a lifetime…

Collier, Douglas; Hebert, Fred

2004-01-01

206

Total Quality Management in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways to apply the concepts and processes of Total Quality Management (TQM) to education are discussed in this document. Following the introduction and the preface, chapter 1 provides a historical overview and describes the four cornerstones of TQM--an understanding of systems, psychology, knowledge, and statistics. Chapter 2 describes some of the…

Johnson, James H.

1993-01-01

207

Education between Quality and Equity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers read by three German educationalists at a workshop on "Education between Quality and Equity" are included in this document. The first, by Han Leo Reimann, is entitled "Simulated Reality: The Instructional Objectives within the Framework of Pedagogical Paper Plays." This paper describes a gaming method of simulating realistic planning and…

Reuter, Lutz-Rainer; And Others

208

Inquiry-based Learning and Digital Libraries in Undergraduate Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe robust rationales for integrating inquiry-based learning into undergraduate science education, and to propose that digital libraries are potentially powerful technological tools that can support inquiry-based learning goals in undergraduate science courses. Overviews of constructivism and situated cognition are provided with regard to how these two theoretical perspectives have influenced current science education reform movements, especially those that involve inquiry-based learning. The role that digital libraries can play in inquiry-based learning environments is discussed. Finally, the importance of alignment among critical pedagogical dimensions of an inquiry-based pedagogical framework is stressed in the paper, and an example of how this can be done is presented using earth science education as a context.

Apedoe, Xornam S.; Reeves, Thomas C.

2006-12-01

209

Use and Users of Digital Resources: A Focus on Undergraduate Education in the Humanities and Social Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of our research was (1) to map the universe of digital resources available to a subset of undergraduate educators in the humanities and social sciences, and (2) to investigate how and if available digital resources are actually being used in undergraduate teaching environments. We employed multiple methods, including surveys and focus…

Harley, Diane; Henke, Johnathan; Lawrence, Shannon; Miller, Ian; Perciali, Irene; Nasatir, David

2006-01-01

210

Analyzing the Attitude of Undergraduate Students toward Poverty and Impoverished Persons: Does Social Work Education Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated the impact that undergraduate social work education had on students' attitude toward poverty as pretest and posttest data were collected from 166 university students enrolled in an undergraduate social work course that included a focus on poverty. At both stages of the study participants responded to a 37-item validated…

Weaver, Robert D.; Yun, Sung Hyun

2011-01-01

211

Beyond the Folklore: A Strategy for Identifying Quality Undergraduate Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university quality--what it is and how to identify it--is a preoccupation of many prospective college students and their parents, high school counselors, and college admission personnel. Regardless of class, race, and gender, it is no longer enough for a growing number of individuals simply to attend college: matriculating at an…

Conrad, Clinton F.

2012-01-01

212

University/industry cooperative teaching laboratory for undergraduate education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An undergraduate optics laboratory sponsored by the National Science Foundation of the United States was established to foster a link between local industry and academia. A series of innovative experiments was developed utilizing high-speed data acquisition equipment and signal processing software to demonstrate the fundamentals of diffraction, fiber optics, and physical optics principles. The experiments were performed in two complementary settings. The university experiments concentrated on basic optical principles and experimental techniques. A parallel industrial component was provided by local industry. Students were invited to industrial research laboratories to work on real-life optical problems of current interest. The students were able to see the relevance between fundamental optical principles and real industrial problems, use state-of-the-art equipment, and experience working in an industrial laboratory. Feedback was also solicited from industry management regarding improvements to academic training of students for the work force.

Leger, James R.

2002-05-01

213

The National Perspective: Fostering the Enhancement of STEM Undergraduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investments of federal agencies in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education are aimed at a single core question: How can educators ensure that the United States will have a well-prepared and innovative science and technology workforce in an era of increasing global competition? As the exploration of what this entails…

Ramaley, Judith A.

2009-01-01

214

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

215

University of Wisconsin System: Promoting Systemic Change in Undergraduate Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The University of Wisconsin System Women and Science Program is a unique effort sponsoring systemic change in undergraduate science education. Both those interested in science education research and those interested in promoting diversity among science students stress the need for classroom instruction based on student-centered pedagogies. As a result, scientists, mathematicians, and the Women's Studies Consortium are working together to promote excellence in science education through an intensive faculty development effort. This session will highlight those efforts and successes, with an emphasis on providing information necessary for those who wish to adapt and replicate such faculty development efforts elsewhere.

Fencl

1998-04-01

216

A Simple Laboratory Scale Model of Iceberg Dynamics and its Role in Undergraduate Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lab-scale models of geophysical phenomena have a long history in research and education. For example, at the University of Chicago, Dave Fultz developed laboratory-scale models of atmospheric flows. The results from his laboratory were so stimulating that similar laboratories were subsequently established at a number of other institutions. Today, the Dave Fultz Memorial Laboratory for Hydrodynamics (http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~nnn/LAB/) teaches general circulation of the atmosphere and oceans to hundreds of students each year. Following this tradition, we have constructed a lab model of iceberg-capsize dynamics for use in the Fultz Laboratory, which focuses on the interface between glaciology and physical oceanography. The experiment consists of a 2.5 meter long wave tank containing water and plastic "icebergs". The motion of the icebergs is tracked using digital video. Movies can be found at: http://geosci.uchicago.edu/research/glaciology_files/tsunamigenesis_research.shtml. We have had 3 successful undergraduate interns with backgrounds in mathematics, engineering, and geosciences perform experiments, analyze data, and interpret results. In addition to iceberg dynamics, the wave-tank has served as a teaching tool in undergraduate classes studying dam-breaking and tsunami run-up. Motivated by the relatively inexpensive cost of our apparatus (~1K-2K dollars) and positive experiences of undergraduate students, we hope to serve as a model for undergraduate research and education that other universities may follow.

Burton, J. C.; MacAyeal, D. R.; Nakamura, N.

2011-12-01

217

Scaling-up Undergraduate Medical Education: Enabling Virtual Mobility by Online Elective Courses  

PubMed Central

Aim To evaluate online elective courses at Croatian medical schools with respect to the virtual mobility of national teachers and students and virtual team collaboration. Methods A student-centered virtual learning environment developed within the framework of the European Union Tempus Programme allowed national educational services to design and deliver online undergraduate elective courses. Three online elective courses were created for second-year medical students of four Croatian medical schools by using Moodle, an open-source learning management system. The courses supported problem-, project-, and decision-based learning and required students to work in small collaborative teams using problem-solving and decision-making activities. The purpose was to foster teamwork and produce better outcomes than those potentially achieved through individual work. We evaluated the results of these online courses on the basis of the course test results and students’ evaluation questionnaires. Results Of 68 students enrolled in all e-courses, 97% (n?=?66) successfully passed the final exam. An anonymous online questionnaire was filled out by 83% (n?=?50) of the students. The majority expressed their satisfaction with the online electives, mostly because they had more contact with tutors and peers (n?=?47), better possibilities of self-assessment (n?=?38), more flexible learning (n?=?33), better access to learning materials (n?=?32), faster and easier information retrieval (n?=?31), and better quality of communication with tutors and peers (n?=?28). Although 38 of 50 students claimed that participating in e-courses was more demanding than participating in traditional electives, more than half (n?=?27) would enroll in an e-course again. Conclusion Elective e-courses may be a successful model of how faculty and students at higher education institutions can collaborate and integrate e-learning into their current curricula.

Kukolja Taradi, Suncana; ?ogas, Zoran; Dabic, Marina; Drenjancevic Peric, Ines

2008-01-01

218

Undergraduate and graduate education in Volcanology at University of Bristol, UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Volcanology education at Bristol is unique for several reasons. The Bristol group operates within a University Research Centre in Environmental and Geophysical Flows (CEGF), involving over 30 staff-to-PhD-level researchers, centered around close collaboration between 4 depts including Earth Sciences and Applied Maths. The uniquely-multidisciplinary setting supports training in volcanology with strong emphasis on combining field-based physical volcanology, theoretical modelling and simple analogue lab experiments. PhD students gain expertise in at least 2 of these 3 aspects during the PhD. Our dept itself is one of the most multidisciplinary in Earth Sciences and is ranked among the 3 leading ES Depts for its research quality. At dept level, there is a strong focus on understanding physical and chemical processes of magmatic/volcanic systems. Teaching/training of students is thus supported by excellent research, and aims at providing profound insights and practical experience into research. At undergraduate level, key experiences of students include 1.) a week-long field class to textbook-quality field sections on one of the most studied active volcanoes (Santorini, Greece), 2.) an independent project where the aim is to learn about all aspects of research as part of a well-focused study including gaining the experience of producing one potentially-publishable paper, 3.) a hands-on research project centered on using the latest analytical methods to solve a problem - this is most successful for 2 reasons: a.) Bristol hosts the EU Geochemical Facility and coordinates an EU Marie Curie Training Centre and b.) the students operate the instruments themselves (ie. they are not run for them); 4.) fourth-year students are especially challenged on the quantitative front (computer programming, statistical data analyses and hypothesis testing -we have excellent computer labs support for teaching), advanced field work and several independent projects. Students are helped into gaining volcanology summer experience immediately prior to dissertation work and those involved tend to progress much quicker as young researchers. At all levels, providing insights into the research process is through giving much freedom to develop as independent scientists as well as much contact time to discuss research results. Steve Sparks has also recently developed two educational video films: one for 12-16 year olds and another as support for undergraduate teaching - both providing insights into active volcanoes, volcanic processes and hazards, research and monitoring. Volcanology training is also through a Bristol-coordinated EU Training Network where EU PhD/postdocs spend 6-15 months in a EU leading volcanology group, one of which is Bristol, and 3 months in a Volcano Observatory. Factors that enhance the quality of the learning/training experience in volcanology are multiple. A pre-requisite to effective learning at any level isthe development of a strong connection between student and mentor/teacher -this is achieved best through field work, supervision/tutorial contact time, practical classes and our general approach to teaching. Approach to teaching includes extraordinary enthusiasm for volcanology, teaching by-example (eg. in the field), fostering critical thinking and questioning in students (Socratic approach), fostering class interactions, challenging students into producing highest-quality of work and trusting that they can achieve it, and providing as much hands-on experience as possible.

Ernst, G.; Mader, H.; Phillips, J.; Lejeune, A.; Sparks, S.

2002-05-01

219

Effectiveness of student tutors in problem-based learning of undergraduate medical education.  

PubMed

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a teaching and learning method designed to develop clinical reasoning skills. Tutor performance in PBL affects both the process and outcome of student learning. In this study, we investigated the factors that influence the evaluation by undergraduate students on the performance of tutors in medical education. From April 2009 to February 2010, 49 PBL sessions were conducted for 191 3rd- and 4th-year medical students at Saga Medical School in Japan. Twenty-nine 6th-year students and 205 faculty members tutored these sessions. After each session, students evaluated their tutor by a Likert scale. This evaluation score was dichotomized and used as the dependent variable. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the contribution of student's gender and year level (3rd or 4th), the tutor's gender and background, and the quality of the case scenario to evaluation ratings. A total of 4,469 responses were analyzed. Male student and tutor background were associated with excellent tutor evaluation. Concerning the tutor background, compared with basic scientists, the 6th-year students and content-expert clinicians were positively associated with excellent tutor evaluations (ORs of 1.77 [95% CI: 1.15-2.72] and 1.47 [95% CI: 1.11-1.97]), while non-content-expert clinicians received negative evaluations (OR of 0.72 [95% CI: 0.55-0.95]). The quality of the case scenario was also associated with excellent tutor evaluation (odds ratio [OR] of 12.43 [95% CI: 10.28-15.03]). In conclusion, excellence of case scenarios, 6th-year student tutors, and content-expert clinicians show positive impact on tutor evaluation in a PBL curriculum. PMID:24646957

Oda, Yasutomo; Onishi, Hirotaka; Sakemi, Takanobu

2014-01-01

220

"Inclusion" of information on mainstreaming in undergraduate music education curricula.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine teacher training programs in music education to provide an overview of course offerings in Special Education available to Music Education majors. One Research Category 1, one state-funded regional, and one private institution were randomly chosen from each state when available. All schools offering a degree in music therapy were included for a total of 171 schools with usable data. Catalogues were examined to determine (a) existence of a course in special education for music education majors, (b) department through which course was offered (nonmusic content or music content specific), (c) required or elective status of course, (d) course title and credit hours, and (e) reference to mainstreaming in music methods course descriptions. The first three areas were compared by (a) category of school, (b) universities offering music therapy and those not, (c) MENC Region. Results revealed that 74% of schools had a course in special education available with 86% of these requiring at least one course with a total of 140 courses available. 110 were nonmusic content specific while 30 were music content specific. Eighty-nine percent of the nonmusic content courses were required, while only 43% of the content specific courses were required. Information was further broken down as indicated above. PMID:10990598

Colwell, C M; Thompson, L K

2000-01-01

221

Evaluating Undergraduate Education: The Use of Broad Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the extent to which broad indicators of performance could be used for university program improvement. A survey of 356 graduates of a Canadian research university found perceived teaching quality contributed significantly to ratings of overall academic program quality. The most frequently mentioned meaningful feature was…

Donald, Janet G.; Denison, D. Brian

1996-01-01

222

Quality in Education: An Implementation Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes how the principles of quality can be applied to education. Based on the work of W. Edwards Deming and Joseph M. Juran, the book outlines a systematic and practical approach to implementing quality in educational settings. It also describes how to encourage staff participation in quality initiatives. Total-quality schools are…

Arcaro, Jerome S.

223

The Role of CFD in Undergraduate Fluid Mechanics Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Instruction of undergraduate fluid mechanics is greatly enhanced through integration of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) into fluid mechanics courses and labs. Specifically, students are able to visualize fluid flows with CFD and are better able to understand those flows by performing parametric studies. At Penn State, CFD has been carefully integrated into our introductory junior-level fluid mechanics course, yet displaces only about one class period. The key is to show demonstrations and assign homework that use CFD as a tool that helps students learn the basic concepts of fluid mechanics. The application of CFD (grid generation, boundary conditions, etc.), rather than numerical algorithms, is stressed. This is done through use of short, pre-defined templates for FlowLab, a student-friendly analysis and visualization package created by Fluent, Inc. The textbook by Cengel and Cimbala (McGraw-Hill 2006) contains 46 end-of-chapter homework problems that are used in conjunction with 42 FlowLab templates. Each exercise has been designed with two major learning objectives in mind: (1) enhance student understanding of a specific fluid mechanics concept, and (2) introduce the student to a specific capability and/or limitation of CFD through hands-on practice. More templates are being developed that emphasize the first objective. The flow of fluid between two concentric rotating cylinders is a good example of a problem that is solved approximately, analytically, and with CFD, and the results are compared to enhance learning.

Cimbala, John

2006-11-01

224

Delivering Quality in Vocational Education. New Developments in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the issue of quality in vocational education in the United Kingdom. Part 1 explores the concept of quality in relation to vocational education and discusses the managerial and industrial perspectives on quality. Included in Part 2, which examines quality in the context of students as clients, are the following articles:…

Muller, Dave; Funnell, Peter

225

Educating undergraduate medical students about patient safety: priority areas for curriculum development.  

PubMed

Learning about patient safety is an important aspect of undergraduate medical curricula but there are no clear priority areas. A recent consensus of international medical educators identified several priority areas and these recommendations include approaches to increase knowledge of patient safety, including the causes and frequency, to develop willingness to take responsibility, to develop self awareness of the situations when patient safety is compromised, to develop communication skills, especially inter-personal, and to develop team working skills. PMID:17538837

Sandars, John; Bax, Nigel; Mayer, David; Wass, Val; Vickers, Rachel

2007-02-01

226

Mini skirts and headscarves: undergraduate student perceptions of secularism in Turkish higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a qualitative study that examines the perceptions of advanced undergraduate students in five Turkish\\u000a state universities regarding their understanding of the concept of secularism and its manifestation within the higher education\\u000a sector. The study further illuminates these students’ perspectives of how the university may change in relation to their understanding\\u000a of secularism. This inquiry was

Reitumetse Obakeng Mabokela; Fatma Nevra Seggie

2008-01-01

227

Academics' Perceptions of "Quality in Higher Education" and Quality Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presently reported part of the study gathered data on the academics' perceptions on quality in higher education (QHE) and investigated the general quality promotion (QP), quality assurance (QA), quality control (QC) and quality management (QM) strategies in the institutional level of a historically developing university (HDU), its Faculty of…

Mammen, K. J.

2006-01-01

228

Two Perspectives on Method in Undergraduate Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suzuki, Kodaly, Orff, Dalcroze, Gordon--if one is a music education student, he should be familiar with all these names. But just how familiar? Faced with curricular requirements and limitations, students may struggle to gain a deeper knowledge of these methods. What should they be expected to know about any single one, and how should they go…

Coppola, Cathy

2009-01-01

229

Focus on Undergraduate Personal/Professional Preparation in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program is described that features an integrated course sequence and a continuous field-based experience. It focuses intensively on the individual needs and growth of the prospective physical education teacher. The primary components of the program are interrelated and designed to ensure that relevant content appears concurrently and…

Weinberg, Herman

230

Undergraduate Statistics Education and the National Science Foundation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes 25 National Science Foundation supported projects that have innovations designed to improve education for students majoring or minoring in statistics. The characteristics of these projects and the common themes which emerge are compared with the American Statistical Association's (ASA) guidelines for developing statistics…

Hall, Megan R.; Rowell, Ginger Holmes

2008-01-01

231

Technology Innovations In Undergraduate Nutrition and Dietetics Education and Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

As education moves into the information technology age, dietetics and nutrition training must adapt to new instructional methods and the opportunities of distance learning. Innovative approaches to teaching nutritional biochemistry can help students learn and retain complex information and understand how nutrition relates to human health and disease. This approach has already been taken in US medical schools (110 of

C. S. Plaisted; K. A. Cooksey; K. M. Adams; C. C. Lee; M. Kohlmeier; S. H. Zeisel

1998-01-01

232

Preparation of Undergraduate Home Economics Education Majors for Career Alternatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted (1) to identify the methods used by land-grant institutions to increase the career awareness of home economics majors and (2) to identify the specific minors, options, or emphasis areas that are being implemented at these institutions to increase the career alternatives of home economics education majors. A questionnaire…

Lambert, Maureen S.; Clayton, Kermeta Kay

233

Student Perspectives of Imaging Anatomy in Undergraduate Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Radiological imaging is gaining relevance in the acquisition of competencies in clinical anatomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions of medical students on teaching/learning of imaging anatomy as an integrated part of anatomical education. A questionnaire was designed to evaluate the perceptions of second-year students…

Machado, Jorge Americo Dinis; Barbosa, Joselina Maria Pinto; Ferreira, Maria Amelia Duarte

2013-01-01

234

Implementing Service-Learning in Undergraduate Adapted Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning (SL) integrates academic learning with relevant community service in an educational setting. Many fields of study, including kinesiology, have incorporated SL into their course curriculums. Research indicates that SL has many benefits to students, including exposure to a different learning approach, opportunities to apply…

Bishop, Jason; Driver, Simon

2007-01-01

235

Undergraduate education in social and environmental accounting in Australian universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, the discipline of accounting has focussed on an organization's financial aspects. Incorporating information about organizations' social and environmental interactions into the accounting function has become a contemporary feature of 21st Century business. Consequently, there have been numerous calls from academics and practitioners alike for the education of accountants to encompass instruction in social and environmental accounting (SEA). In this

Donna Mangion

2006-01-01

236

The Impact of Computers on Undergraduate Chemical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempting to define the optimal use of educational resources for large numbers of students, a research group at the University of Texas at Austin has adopted a system approach to curriculum development consisting of the following components: content, teacher, student, machine, and media. The first procedural step in the system is to define the…

Castleberry, Sam J.; And Others

237

A Transformative Model for Undergraduate Quantitative Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "BIO2010" report recommended that students in the life sciences receive a more rigorous education in mathematics and physical sciences. The University of Delaware approached this problem by (1) developing a bio-calculus section of a standard calculus course, (2) embedding quantitative activities into existing biology courses, and (3) creating…

Usher, David C.; Driscoll, Tobin A.; Dhurjati, Prasad; Pelesko, John A.; Rossi, Louis F.; Schleiniger, Gilberto; Pusecker, Kathleen; White, Harold B.

2010-01-01

238

The Undergraduate Education in Sociology: A Case for Experiential Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conceptual framework is presented to help sociology departments define more clearly the issues surrounding employment opportunities for bachelors of sociology. Sociology departments should redefine educational objectives and identify a body of skills sociology majors should possess; offer students supervised fieldwork experiments; and give…

Rippetoe, Joseph K.

1977-01-01

239

A Working Model for Evaluating Academic Excellence in Geoscience Education, Undergraduate, and K-12  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article discusses a model for academic excellence in the geosciences which can be used for K-12 and undergraduate education. The model combines criteria for excellence derived from studies of the National Research Council, the National Academy of Sciences, and other national professional organizations. It consists of two major components: opportunity for students to learn, and attainment at the highest structural and multidimensional levels. The author concludes that this model will be most useful as a working model for evaluation, as a reference for comparison, and as a guide for reaching excellence in geoscience education efforts.

Brunkhorst, Bonnie

2002-01-01

240

Undergraduate Physics Education at Radcliffe and Harvard 1895-1953  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effort to get more women to continue in physics is ongoing and many hypotheses exist as to why the gender ratio lags more in physics than in other fields. A historical investigation can offer insights to the origin of this persistent problem. Radcliffe College offered to female students an education supposedly equivalent to that offered to male students at Harvard. I track physics classes at Radcliffe and Harvard from Radcliffe's charter year to the year the physics classes fully merged. Data on instructors, enrollment, and later employment offers insights to trends in physics education over time and how the genders were affected differently even when multiple variables are isolated across the two single-gender groups.

Behrman, Joanna

2013-03-01

241

Impact of organ donation education on US undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Experts advocate educational programs addressing misinformation regarding donation decisions to increase the potential donor pool. However, few researchers have measured outcomes with nursing students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, registering as an organ donor, and family discussions. This quasi-experimental study used a pretest-posttest design with a control group. The research group consisted of 42 volunteers and the control group consisted of 73 volunteers. The written survey included 15 true-false knowledge items and 8 Likert items asking about attitude toward donation, registering as an organ donor, and family discussion. Normally distributed data showed no significant differences between groups on the pretest. The research group had no change in knowledge level 3 months later, but the control group had a significantly decreased knowledge level at that point. More members of the research group than the control group registered as organ donors after the intervention (?2 = 4.5, P= .03). The control group had no change in registering as an organ donor between the pretest and posttest. Family discussions did not differ significantly from pretest to posttest in either group. One lecture/laboratory experience did make a difference in registering as an organ donor but not in discussing the decision with family members. Students can learn about organ donation from more than one specific class. Recommendations for educators and future research are provided. PMID:24919740

Kurz, Jane McCausland

2014-06-01

242

Integration of physics and biology: synergistic undergraduate education for the 21st century.  

PubMed

This is an exciting time to be a biologist. The advances in our field and the many opportunities to expand our horizons through interaction with other disciplines are intellectually stimulating. This is as true for people tasked with helping the field move forward through support of research and education projects that serve the nation's needs as for those carrying out that research and educating the next generation of biologists. So, it is a pleasure to contribute to this edition of CBE-Life Sciences Education. This column will cover three aspects of the interactions of physics and biology as seen from the viewpoint of four members of the Division of Undergraduate Education of the National Science Foundation. The first section places the material to follow in context. The second reviews some of the many interdisciplinary physics-biology projects we support. The third highlights mechanisms available for supporting new physics-biology undergraduate education projects based on ideas that arise, focusing on those needing and warranting outside support to come to fruition. PMID:23737615

Woodin, Terry; Vasaly, Helen; McBride, Duncan; White, Gary

2013-06-01

243

A Cutting-Edge Education: Incorporating Nano into the Undergraduate Curricula.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Interdisciplinary Education Group (IEG) of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) on Nanostructured Interfaces at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) develops and uses hands-on, interactive education and outreach materials to engage a variety of audiences in learning about nanotechnology and advanced materials. Many of the education products created are inspired by UW MRSEC research; and faculty, staff, and students regularly contribute to the IEG's work to share nanotechnology with a broader audience. The UW MRSEC has developed numerous teaching modules, labs, and education resources devoted to nanotechnology concepts, and many of these materials have been integrated into key introductory and advanced undergraduate courses at UW and other institutions, including small liberal arts colleges and community colleges. This effort has taken place through both the creation of new courses and the modification of existing courses to include cutting-edge content based on current research and emerging applications in nanotechnology. In this talk, I will present some of the new instructional materials we have developed based on advances in nanoscale science and technology, the implementation and integration of these materials into undergraduate curricula, and an overview of the UW MRSEC education efforts.

Zenner, Greta M.

2008-03-01

244

Highlights and Challenges in Education, Outreach, and Undergraduate Mentoring from an NSF Hydrologic Sciences CAREER Award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A recent CAREER award (2009) has been used to facilitate environmentally-based outreach and education in local urban Los Angeles schools, primarily through an established NSF GK-12 program. Mini-weather stations, purchased through this CAREER award, were installed at two partner GK-12 schools, University High School (LAUSD) and Culver City Middle School (CCUSD). Each system contains an automated data logging system that record continuous observations of a range of variables (including precipitation, UV, temperature, humidity, wind speed, wind direction, dewpoint temperature and pressure). Observations are being downloaded and used by GK-12 Fellows and Teachers in curriculum development. In addition, the PI has worked with the GK-12 fellows in developing water-related inquiry lessons for both middle and high school science curriculum. Specific lessons facilitated during the initial stages of this CAREER award include urban ecosystems and satellite imagery, water quality, stream biota and ecosystem health, water treatment, urban climate and heat index, and soil chemistry testing. All lessons that have been implemented in the middle or high school classrooms are uploaded to the SEE-LA GK-12 website (http://measure.igpp.ucla.edu/GK12-SEE-LA/lessons.html). Examples of lesson development and integration in the classroom setting will be highlighted as well as tools required for sustainability of the projects. In addition to the K-12 outreach activities, the PI has engaged several undergraduates in independent research projects, working on various aspects of the primary research project. Highlights and lessons learned from outreach and mentoring activities will be presented.

Hogue, T. S.

2011-12-01

245

Professional attitudes and behaviors acquired during undergraduate education in the College of Dentistry, King Saud University  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of the study was to investigate and evaluate the professional attitudes and behaviors acquired by students and recently graduated dentists during undergraduate education at King Saud University. Methods This cross-sectional survey used a 27-item questionnaire covering four cumulative theoretical dimensions of professionalism. Questionnaires were distributed to fifth-year students, interns, and demonstrators in the College of Dentistry during the academic year 2010–2011, and 203 completed questionnaires were used in analyses. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize responses. Crosstab and chi-squared tests were used, with statistical significance set at P < 0.05. Results The response rate was 79.3% (43.6% of males, 94% of females). Eighty-seven questionnaires were collected from fifth-year students, 92 from interns, and 24 from demonstrators. Many (59%) participants demonstrated high levels of professional attitudes and behaviors, whereas 40% did not comply with the elements of professionalism. Analyses revealed highly significant differences in certain responses with regard to gender, academic level, and grade point average. Conclusions Although some participants did not possess all professional qualities, all participants possessed at least some elements of professionalism measured in this study. We thus recommend a strategic effort to develop targeted plans emphasizing professionalism at all levels of the dental school curriculum. High-profile role modeling, lectures, seminars, and academic ceremonies are ways of achieving professional development among dental students in parallel with their acquisition of basic scientific knowledge and clinical skills. This approach will formally and informally communicate that professionalism is a core value.

Al-Sudani, Dina; Al-Abbas, Fatima; Al-Bannawi, Zainab; Al-Ramadhan, Anwaar

2013-01-01

246

Defining Quality Education: An Analysis of State Educational Policy Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current public demands for increased educational quality can best be met at the state education agency (SEA) level, but the SEA is faced with the fact that no single, clearly acceptable definition of educational quality exists. As a result of this lack of consensus, the SEA must examine the policy options available before taking action. First,…

Hansen, Kenneth H.

247

Total Quality Management in Education. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality is at the top of most agendas, and improving quality is probably the most important task facing any institution. In addition, quality is difficult to define or measure. This book, the second edition of "Total Quality Management in Education," introduces the key concepts of Total Quality Management (TQM) and demonstrates how they can be put…

Sallis, Edward

248

Java programming and Internet technologies for undergraduate education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although it is somewhat of a cliché that computers are revolutionizing education, it is still not common to find computer-based interactive curricular material. Internet technologies are likely to change this situation by providing standards based on virtual machines and meta-languages. Adopting these technologies may improve the teaching of the underlying physics. This paper describes a set of Java applets, known as Physlets, that make use of these technologies. Physlets are designed to communicate with browsers by employing a scripting language such as JavaScript, thereby allowing one applet to be used in many different contexts.

Christian, Wolfgang

2000-05-01

249

Issues of Quality in Greek Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of quality in preservice and inservice teacher education in Greece focuses on the political and social issues that have given it form, differences between preservice training for primary and secondary teachers, changes in inservice education, quality control and assessment, and related research on quality. (SM)

Starida, Mina

1995-01-01

250

Quality Assurance in Noncredit Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains the Quality Standards for Noncredit Continuing Education Programs developed by a task force sponsored by the Ohio Board of Regents. The task force included continuing educators from Ohio's colleges and universities as well as educators from related areas, including vocational education and private industry. (These standards…

Ohio Continuing Higher Education Association.

251

Strength Through Options: Providing Choices for Undergraduate Education in the Geosciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate major enrollments in the Department of Geosciences at Penn State have held steady over the past 5 years despite generally declining national trends. We have successfully recruited and retained new students through intensive advising coupled with innovative curricular revision aimed to meet an array of students' educational and career goals. Our focus is on degree programs that reflect emerging interdisciplinary trends in both employment and student interest, and are designed to attract individuals from underrepresented groups. In addition to a traditional Geosciences BS program we offer a rigorous integrated Earth Sciences BS and a Geosciences BA tailored to students with interests in education and environmental law. The Earth Sciences BS incorporates course work from Geosciences, Geography and Meterology, and requires completion of an interdisciplinary minor (e.g., Climatology, Marine Sciences, Global Business Strategies). A new Geobiology BS program will attract majors with interests at the intersection of the earth and life sciences. The curriculum includes both paleontological and biogeochemical coursework, and is also tailored to accommodate pre-medicine students. We are working actively to recruit African-American students. A new minor in Science and Technology in Africa crosses disciplinary boundaries to educate students from the humanities as well as sciences. Longitudinal recruitment programs include summer research group experiences for high school students, summer research mentorships for college students, and dual undergraduate degree programs with HBCUs. Research is a fundamental component of every student's degree program. We require a capstone independent thesis as well as a field program for Geosciences and Geobiology BS students, and we encourage all students to pursue research as early as the freshman year. A new 5-year combined BS-MS program will enable outstanding students to carry their undergraduate research further before pursuing employment or doctoral programs. Enrollments in courses for non-majors have also increased substantially over the past 5 years, while those of other PSU science departments have decreased. We attribute this success to changes in pedagogic approaches, focusing on active learning exercises in large (200+) and small (<75) courses. Innovative use of an electronic personal response system has also improved attendance, enrollment and student learning in our general education courses. This approach was developed by a fixed-term faculty hire in Geoscience Education. As per our departmental strategic plan, we plan to hire again in this area to further these successes and implement new approaches to learning and teaching in our undergraduate educational programs.

Furman, T.; Freeman, K. H.; Faculty, D.

2003-12-01

252

Building for Quality Education--The Educational Park Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speakers and discussions at this one day conference were dedicated to building for quality education, with major emphasis on the concept of educational parks. The five major speeches are--(1) Advantages and Disadvantages of Educational Parks, (2) Educational Parks: Appalachian Style, emphasizing a twist in the park idea in order to accommodate…

McClurkin, W.D.

253

Recently Certified Athletic Trainers' Undergraduate Educational Preparation in Psychosocial Intervention and Referral  

PubMed Central

Context: “Psychosocial Intervention and Referral” is one of the 12 content areas established by the National Athletic Trainers' Association Education Council and is required to be taught in athletic training education programs (ATEPs). The perceived preparation of athletic trainers (ATs) in this content area has not been evaluated. Objective: To explore the preparation level of recently certified ATs within the content area of “Psychosocial Intervention and Referral.” Design: Qualitative design involving semistructured, in-depth, focus group interviews. Setting: Interviews were conducted at 2 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions in 2 regions of the United States. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 11 recently certified ATs who met predetermined criteria were recruited. The ATs represented a range of undergraduate ATEPs and current employment settings. Data Collection and Analysis: Focus group interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed deductively. Peer debriefing and member checks were used to ensure trustworthiness. Results: The ATEPs are doing an adequate job of preparing ATs for many common communication and interpersonal issues, but ATs report being underprepared to deal with athlete-related issues in the areas of motivation and adherence, counseling and social support, mental skills training, and psychosocial referral. Conclusions: Limitations of undergraduate ATEPs regarding preparation of athletic training students within the “Psychosocial Intervention and Referral” content area were identified, with the goal of improving athletic training education. The more we know about the issues that entry-level ATs face, the more effectively we can structure athletic training education.

Stiller-Ostrowski, Jennifer Lynn; Ostrowski, John A

2009-01-01

254

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in Sci Educ 84:287â312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in Sci Educ 87(1):112â143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective, and perhaps even counter-productive towards promoting normative scientific ideas (cf. Kirschner et al. in Educ Psychol 41(2):75â86, 2006; Settlage in J Sci Teach Educ 18:461â467, 2007). One of the challenges in informing the debate on this issue is the scarcity of well-documented courses that engage students in open-inquiry characteristic of scientific research. This paper describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of such a course for undergraduates planning on becoming elementary teachers. The goal of the class was to immerse future teachers in authentic, open-inquiry (without specific learning goals related to scientific concepts) in hopes that students would come away with a deeper understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and improved attitudes towards science. Data collected from a variety of sources indicate that an authentic, open-inquiry experience is feasible to implement in an undergraduate setting, gives students a more sophisticated NOS understanding, improves studentsâ attitudes towards science and open-inquiry, and changes the way they intend to teach science in their future classrooms.

Salter, Irene Y.; Atkins, Leslie J.

2013-08-21

255

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in Sci Educ 84:287-312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in Sci Educ 87(1):112-143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective, and perhaps even counter-productive towards promoting normative scientific ideas (cf. Kirschner et al. in Educ Psychol 41(2):75-86, 2006; Settlage in J Sci Teach Educ 18:461-467, 2007). One of the challenges in informing the debate on this issue is the scarcity of well-documented courses that engage students in open-inquiry characteristic of scientific research. This paper describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of such a course for undergraduates planning on becoming elementary teachers. The goal of the class was to immerse future teachers in authentic, open-inquiry (without specific learning goals related to scientific concepts) in hopes that students would come away with a deeper understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and improved attitudes towards science. Data collected from a variety of sources indicate that an authentic, open-inquiry experience is feasible to implement in an undergraduate setting, gives students a more sophisticated NOS understanding, improves students' attitudes towards science and open-inquiry, and changes the way they intend to teach science in their future classrooms.

Salter, Irene; Atkins, Leslie

2013-02-01

256

Trends in Study Methods Used in Undergraduate Medical Education Research, 1969-2007  

PubMed Central

Context Evidence-based medical education requires rigorous studies appraising educational efficacy. Objectives To assess trends over time in methods used to evaluate undergraduate medical education interventions and to identify whether participation of medical education departments or centers is associated with more rigorous methods. Data Sources The PubMed, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, Campbell Collaboration, and ERIC databases (January 1966–March 2007) were searched using terms equivalent to students, medical and education, medical crossed with all relevant study designs. Study Selection We selected publications in all languages from every fifth year, plus the most recent 12 months, that evaluated an educational intervention for undergraduate medical students. Four hundred seventy-two publications met criteria for review. Data Extraction Data were abstracted on number of participants; types of comparison groups; whether outcomes assessed were objective, subjective, and/or validated; timing of outcome assessments; funding; and participation of medical education departments and centers. Ten percent of publications were independently abstracted by 2 authors to assess validity of the data abstraction. Results The annual number of publications increased over time from 1 (1969–1970) to 147 (2006–2007). In the most recent year, there was a mean of 145 medical student participants; 9 (6%) recruited participants from multiple institutions; 80 (54%) used comparison groups; 37 (25%) used randomized control groups; 91 (62%) had objective outcomes; 23 (16%) had validated outcomes; 35 (24%) assessed an outcome more than 1 month later; 21 (14%) estimated statistical power; and 66 (45%) reported funding. In 2006–2007, medical education department or center participation, reported in 46 (31%) of the recent publications, was associated only with enrolling more medical student participants (P = .04); for all studies from 1969 to 2007, it was associated only with measuring an objective outcome (P = .048). Between 1969 and 2007, the percentage of publications reporting statistical power and funding increased; percentages did not change for other study features. Conclusions The annual number of published studies of undergraduate medical education interventions demonstrating methodological rigor has been increasing. However, considerable opportunities for improvement remain.

Baernstein, Amy; Liss, Hillary K.; Carney, Patricia A.; Elmore, Joann G.

2011-01-01

257

A Transformative Model for Undergraduate Quantitative Biology Education  

PubMed Central

The BIO2010 report recommended that students in the life sciences receive a more rigorous education in mathematics and physical sciences. The University of Delaware approached this problem by (1) developing a bio-calculus section of a standard calculus course, (2) embedding quantitative activities into existing biology courses, and (3) creating a new interdisciplinary major, quantitative biology, designed for students interested in solving complex biological problems using advanced mathematical approaches. To develop the bio-calculus sections, the Department of Mathematical Sciences revised its three-semester calculus sequence to include differential equations in the first semester and, rather than using examples traditionally drawn from application domains that are most relevant to engineers, drew models and examples heavily from the life sciences. The curriculum of the B.S. degree in Quantitative Biology was designed to provide students with a solid foundation in biology, chemistry, and mathematics, with an emphasis on preparation for research careers in life sciences. Students in the program take core courses from biology, chemistry, and physics, though mathematics, as the cornerstone of all quantitative sciences, is given particular prominence. Seminars and a capstone course stress how the interplay of mathematics and biology can be used to explain complex biological systems. To initiate these academic changes required the identification of barriers and the implementation of solutions.

Driscoll, Tobin A.; Dhurjati, Prasad; Pelesko, John A.; Rossi, Louis F.; Schleiniger, Gilberto; Pusecker, Kathleen; White, Harold B.

2010-01-01

258

A transformative model for undergraduate quantitative biology education.  

PubMed

The BIO2010 report recommended that students in the life sciences receive a more rigorous education in mathematics and physical sciences. The University of Delaware approached this problem by (1) developing a bio-calculus section of a standard calculus course, (2) embedding quantitative activities into existing biology courses, and (3) creating a new interdisciplinary major, quantitative biology, designed for students interested in solving complex biological problems using advanced mathematical approaches. To develop the bio-calculus sections, the Department of Mathematical Sciences revised its three-semester calculus sequence to include differential equations in the first semester and, rather than using examples traditionally drawn from application domains that are most relevant to engineers, drew models and examples heavily from the life sciences. The curriculum of the B.S. degree in Quantitative Biology was designed to provide students with a solid foundation in biology, chemistry, and mathematics, with an emphasis on preparation for research careers in life sciences. Students in the program take core courses from biology, chemistry, and physics, though mathematics, as the cornerstone of all quantitative sciences, is given particular prominence. Seminars and a capstone course stress how the interplay of mathematics and biology can be used to explain complex biological systems. To initiate these academic changes required the identification of barriers and the implementation of solutions. PMID:20810949

Usher, David C; Driscoll, Tobin A; Dhurjati, Prasad; Pelesko, John A; Rossi, Louis F; Schleiniger, Gilberto; Pusecker, Kathleen; White, Harold B

2010-01-01

259

Introducing personal digital assistants to enhance nursing education in undergraduate and graduate nursing programs.  

PubMed

This article describes how a school of nursing implemented an innovative program to introduce personal digital assistants to undergraduate and graduate nursing students. Undergraduate students studying pharmacology and nurse practitioner graduate students in an adult health course were asked to purchase a personal digital assistant privately or through the university bookstore. Faculty selected an appropriate software package. After students were oriented to the hardware and software package, innovative teaching strategies were implemented to help guide students to use their mobile devices to access clinically relevant information. Student feedback about this experience was positive. The most important elements for successful adoption of personal digital assistants are to provide training for both faculty and students, and to develop learning opportunities using the technology. Use of mobile technologies is an important competency that will improve the quality of nursing practice and therefore should be included in nursing curricula. PMID:21210606

Cibulka, Nancy J; Crane-Wider, Lottchen

2011-02-01

260

The Impact of an Educational Intervention on Self-Directed Learning Readiness and Behaviors in Undergraduate Nursing Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared the SDL readiness and behaviors of two homogeneous groups of junior level undergraduate nursing students (n = 33) as measured by Guglielmino's SDLRS. One group was exposed to an educational module that addressed the purpose and process of SDL and the other was not exposed to the educational module. An experimental,…

Daniels, Elizabeth Barnes

2011-01-01

261

A Comparative Analysis of the Effects of Instruction on the Analytical Proficiency of Physical Education Teachers and Undergraduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among teaching experience, gender, and selected factors involved in qualitative skill analysis were explored in addition to the effects of systematic analytical instruction. Prior to and after 30 hours of instruction, 31 experienced physical education teachers and 29 physical education undergraduates were administered the Utah…

Beveridge, Sandy K.; Gangstead, Sandy K.

262

Enrollment in Distance Education Classes Is Associated with Fewer Enrollment Gaps among Nontraditional Undergraduate Students in the US  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to determine whether nontraditional undergraduate students in the US who enroll in distance education classes are less likely to have an enrollment gap (enrollment gap=part year enrollment). Previous research has shown that preference for distance education classes is significantly greater among nontraditional than…

Pontes, Manuel C. F.; Pontes, Nancy M. H.

2012-01-01

263

UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION IN THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES FOR STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES, PROCEEDINGS OF A CONFERENCE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

REPORTED ARE THE PROCEEDINGS OF A 1966 CONFERENCE WHICH DEALT WITH UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS FOR STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES. THE 167 EDUCATORS (MOSTLY DEANS AND DIRECTORS OF RESIDENT INSTRUCTION) WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE CONFERENCE REPRESENTED AGRICULTURE, RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES, THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, AND…

National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

264

"Tristan Chords and Random Scores": Exploring Undergraduate Students' Experiences of Music in Higher Education through the Lens of Bourdieu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within a theoretical framework drawn from Bourdieu, this article explores the relationship between undergraduate students' experiences of music in higher education and their musical backgrounds and prior music education experiences. More critically, this study aims to discover whether ideologies surrounding musical value impact on the student…

Moore, Gwen

2012-01-01

265

Council on Undergraduate Research on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Council of Undergraduate Research (CUR) is to "support and promote high-quality undergraduate student-faculty collaborative research and scholarship." CUR disseminates some of its work and findings through the Council of Undergraduate Research Quarterly (CURQ) and this site provides access to some of the articles from that publication. Currently, visitors can search past articles back to 2008, and visitors can browse through articles like "Putting Undergraduate Research on the Map for Women," "Peer Mentoring in an Introductory Biology Laboratory," and "Undergraduate Research on Writing: Benefits to Faculty and Curriculum Development." All told, the site provides a cornucopia of articles related to making the undergraduate research experience a bit more meaningful, and educators will find much to enjoy here.

2012-02-06

266

Strategy and Quality Maps in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of strategic management and quality assurance in higher education. The study presents how the value chain can be described in the strategy and quality maps, which are, respectively graphical representations of the strategic plan and the quality assurance system. The quality map is a new…

Kettunen, Juha

2011-01-01

267

Achieving Quality: Final Report of the Educational Quality Indicators Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information on the Educational Quality Indicators (EQI) initiative, a 3-year collaboration between Alberta Education and 12 school jurisdictions to develop indicator systems that measure the success of the educational enterprise. Ten collaborative action-research projects were begun in 1989 and ended in 1992. Each project…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.

268

Integrating psychology with interpersonal communication skills in undergraduate nursing education: Addressing the challenges.  

PubMed

The inclusion of the social, behavioural and bio-sciences is acknowledged as essential to the development of the art and science of nursing. Nonetheless, the literature highlights on-going debate about the content and delivery of these subject areas in undergraduate nursing education. The bio-sciences and social sciences in particular have received much attention but more recently the inclusion of psychology in nursing curricula is gaining momentum. Studies conducted on nursing students' views of these supporting sciences have also highlighted problems with their understanding, relevance and application to nursing practice. Although broad guidelines are given as to what should be included, no detail is given as to how much detail or at what level these subjects should be taught. Subsequently, approved institutions are responsible for their own course content. This has resulted in inconsistent and varied approaches to integrating the sciences in undergraduate nursing curricula. Following a recent review of the undergraduate nursing curriculum in one university in the Republic of Ireland a decision was made to combine the teaching, learning and assessment of Applied Psychology with Interpersonal Communication skills. This paper will describe the developmental process and evaluation of the integrated module. PMID:24485925

McCarthy, Bridie; Trace, Anna; O'Donovan, Moira

2014-05-01

269

The role of medical libraries in undergraduate education: a case study in genetics*  

PubMed Central

Between 1996 and 2001, the Health Science Center Libraries and Department of Zoology at the University of Florida partnered to provide a cohesive and comprehensive learning experience to undergraduate students in PCB3063, “Genetics.” During one semester each year, a librarian worked with up to 120 undergraduates, providing bibliographic and database instruction in the tools that practicing geneticists use (MEDLINE, GenBank, BLAST, etc.). Students learned to evaluate and synthesize the information that they retrieved, coupling it with information provided in classroom lectures, thus resulting in well-researched short papers on an assigned genetics topic. Exit surveys of students indicated that the majority found the library sessions and librarian's instruction to be useful. Responses also indicated that the project facilitated increased understanding of genetics concepts and appreciation for the scientific research process and the relevance of genetics to the real world. The library benefited from this partnership on a variety of fronts, including the development of skilled library users, pretrained future clientele, and increased visibility among campus research laboratories. The course and associated information instruction and assigned projects can be considered models for course-integrated instruction and the role of medical libraries in undergraduate education.

Tennant, Michele R.; Miyamoto, Michael M.

2002-01-01

270

Individual Moral Philosophies and Ethical Decision Making of Undergraduate Athletic Training Students and Educators  

PubMed Central

Context: Ethics research in athletic training is lacking. Teaching students technical skills is important, but teaching them how to reason and to behave in a manner that befits responsible health care professionals is equally important. Objective: To expand ethics research in athletic training by (1) describing undergraduate athletic training students' and educators' individual moral philosophies and ethical decision-making abilities and (2) investigating the effects of sex and level of education on mean composite individual moral philosophies and ethical decision-making scores. Design: Stratified, multistage, cluster-sample correlational study. Setting: Mailed survey instruments were distributed in classroom settings at 30 institutions having Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP)–accredited athletic training programs. Patients or Other Participants: Undergraduate students and educators (n = 598: 373 women, 225 men; mean age = 23.5 ± 6.3 years) from 25 CAAHEP-accredited athletic training programs. Main Outcome Measure(s): We used the Ethics Position Questionnaire and the Dilemmas in Athletic Training Questionnaire to compute participants' mean composite individual moral philosophies (idealism and relativism) and ethical decision-making scores, respectively. Three separate 2 (sex: male, female) × 3 (education level: underclass, upper class, educator) between-subjects factorial analyses of variance using idealism, relativism, and ethical decision-making scores as dependent measures were performed. Results: Respondents reported higher idealism scores (37.57 ± 4.91) than relativism scores (31.70 ± 4.80) (response rate = 83%). The mean ethical decision-making score for all respondents was 80.76 ± 7.88. No significant interactions were revealed. The main effect for sex illustrated that men reported significantly higher relativism scores ( P = .0014, ? 2 = .015) than did women. The main effect for education level revealed significant differences between students' and educators' idealism ( P = .0190, ? 2 = .013), relativism ( P < .001, ? 2 = .050), and ethical decision-making scores ( P < .001, ? 2 = .027). Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc analysis indicated that educators possessed lower idealism scores (36.90 ± 5.70) and relativism scores (29.92 ± 4.86) and higher ethical decision-making scores (82.98 ± 7.62) than did students. Conclusions: Our findings do not support changes in athletic training ethics education practices to address sex-specific needs. However, when opportunities occur for students to reason using different ethical perspectives, educators should be aware of their students' and their own moral philosophies in order to optimally facilitate professional growth.

Caswell, Shane V; Gould, Trenton E

2008-01-01

271

Application of Total Quality Management in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the paper is to analyzing thoughts of the modern management paradigm "Total Quality Management" (TQM), and its application in the field of education. The basic theme of TQM is participatory approach to address the question(s) of quality in business aswell as in the field of education. Reviewing fresh literature from the internet …

Farooq, M. S.; Akhtar, M. S.; Ullah, S. Zia; Memon, R. A.

2007-01-01

272

Industrial Quality Standards and Total Quality Management in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines practical applications for the suitability of two different approaches to quality management within engineering education. One utilizes quality systems standards as typified by a specific industrial process that ensures an effective production system. The other applies the notion of total quality management emphasizing a process of…

Tannock, James D. T.

1991-01-01

273

Using NASA climate data to improve effectiveness of undergraduate-level climate change education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing society today, and yet the science of global climate change and the potential effects are poorly understood by the general population. Through a NASA Innovations in Climate Education grant, UC Riverside is addressing this disconnect by fully redesigning the undergraduate level Earth Sciences courses, which serve over 3,000 students every year. The majority of these students are not Earth Sciences majors and so these changes in the climate change education curriculum reach a very broad range of students. This new curriculum centers around a new website that hosts online activities that allows students to utilized and manipulate NASA climate data sets in order to directly observe changes in the global climate system. All lower division Earth Sciences courses will include online activities and a unit on global climate change. In addition to this general improvement in climate change education, we have restructured our lower division Climate Change course (GEO 11) to focus on these online activities in order to give students first-hand experience with both global and local climate data. Because these activities are hosted online, they can be seemlessly integrated with other online resources, accessed from school or home and be viewed on a variety of devices, thus vastly increasing student accessibility. In the future, these activities will be available to other institutions. UC Riverside is an ideal institution at which to launch a broad-reaching climate change education program like this. As one of the most socioeconomically and ethnically diverse universities and one of only two federally-designated Hispanic Serving Research Institutions, UC Riverside primarily educates undergraduate students from the portions of society that will be most heavily impacted by the effects of climate change. GEO 11 and the other lower division courses produce climate-literate students of different majors and backgrounds, who can continue on to serve as climate science advocates in society.

Dahl, R. M.; Droser, M. L.

2012-12-01

274

Earthquake Education Environment (E3)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources, and educational resources for the classroom.

2007-07-16

275

Increase in medical knowledge during the final year of undergraduate medical education in Germany  

PubMed Central

Aims: In Germany, the final year of undergraduate medical education (‘practice year’) consists of three 16-week clinical attachments, two of which are internal medicine and surgery. Students can choose a specific specialty for their third 16-week attachment. Practice year students do not receive specific teaching to prepare them for the National Licensing Examination. It is unknown whether knowledge levels increase during this year. This study aimed at assessing knowledge at the beginning and the end of the final year of medical school. Methods: Three hundred pre-selected United States Medical Licensing Examination type items from ten medical disciplines were reviewed by ten recent medical graduates from the Netherlands and Germany. The resulting test included 150 items and was taken by 77 and 79 final year medical students from Göttingen and Hamburg at the beginning and the end of their practice year, respectively. Results: Cronbach’s ? of the pre- and post-test was 0.75 and 0.68, respectively. Mean percent scores in the pre- and post-test were 63.9±6.9 and 69.4±5.7, respectively (p<0.001; effect size calculated as Cohen’s d: 0.87). In individual students, post-test scores were particularly high for items related to their specific chosen specialty. Conclusion: The knowledge test used in this study provides a suitable external tool to assess progress of undergraduate medical students in their knowledge during the practice year. The pre-test may be used to guide individual learning behaviour during this final year of undergraduate education.

Raupach, Tobias; Vogel, Daniela; Schiekirka, Sarah; Keijsers, Carolina; Ten Cate, Olle; Harendza, Sigrid

2013-01-01

276

Scientific education curricular reforms for undergraduate programs of higher education in Puerto Rico: 1995--2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

The knowledge society requires the acquisition of certain competencies for the development of social capital; some of these competencies are related to the development of a scientific culture. This qualitative research was carried out through a descriptive case study that analyzed, compared and contrasted the curricular reform processes and institutional policies modifications that occurred in undergraduate level programs of two

Zulma M. Pena-Carrion

2008-01-01

277

Reevaluation of and Prospects for Undergraduate Teaching and Learning Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Begun in 2003, the National Undergraduate Teaching and Learning Evaluation, conducted in regular universities every five years, has surveyed the significance of evaluation and index scheme improvement at 171 higher education institutions. The launch in January 2007 of the national project of Undergraduate Teaching Quality and Teaching Reform in…

Yanbao, Li; Xiaomei, Li; Qiongfei, Qu

2009-01-01

278

Development and implementation of an herbal and natural product elective in undergraduate medical education  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students have consistently expressed interest in learning about alternative healing modalities, especially herbal and natural products. To fill this void in medical education at our institution, a novel elective was developed and implemented for fourth year medical students. This herbal/natural product course uses guest lecturers, classroom presentations, and active learning mechanisms that include experiential rotations, case-based learning, and team-based learning to increase student knowledge of herbal/natural product safety and efficacy. Methods Knowledge outcomes were evaluated via administration of a pre- and post-course test (paired student t-test). End-of-course evaluations (Likert-type questions and narrative responses) were used to assess student opinion of knowledge and skills imparted by the elective and overall course content (mean, standard deviation). Results Over three academic years, 23 students have enrolled in this elective. More than 60% of participants have been female and nearly half of the students (43%) have pursued residencies in primary care. Completion of the course significantly increased student knowledge of common herbal/natural product mechanisms, uses, adverse effects, and drug-interactions as determined by a pre- and post-course knowledge assessment (45%?±?10% versus 78%?±?6%; p?quality, 4.6 of 5.0?±?0.48) who appreciated the variety of activities to which they were exposed and the open classroom discussions that resulted. While students tended to view some alternative medical systems with skepticism, they still believed it was valuable to learn what these modalities encompass. Conclusions Development and implementation of a herbal/natural product elective that engages undergraduate medical students through active learning mechanisms and critical analysis of the literature has proven effective in increasing knowledge outcomes and is deemed to be a valuable curricular addition by student participants. In the future, it will be of interest to explore mechanisms for expanding the course to reach a larger number of students within the time, financial, and logistical constraints that currently exist.

2012-01-01

279

Vision and change in biology undergraduate education: Vision and change from the funding front.  

PubMed

The purpose of this short article is to (a) briefly summarize the findings of two important recent resources concerning the future of biology in the 21(st) century; one, Vision and Change, A Call to Action [AAAS, 2009. AAAS, Washington, DC], concerned with undergraduate education in biology, the other, A New Biology for the 21st Century [National Research Council, 2009. National Academies Press, Washington, DC], concerned with advances within the discipline itself; (b) urge you, the reader of BAMBED, to review the material on the Vision and Change website [AAAS, 2009. AAAS: Washington, DC] and then to think how you might change things at your own institution and within your courses, and; (c) make readers aware of the programs at the National Science Foundation (NSF) that might support change efforts, as well as refer you to efforts other funding agencies are making to help biology undergraduate education respond to the challenges and opportunities chronicled in these two reports. Although NSF funding opportunities are specifically available to US investigators, the recommendations of the two reports should be of interest to a wide spectrum of international researchers. PMID:21445899

Holm, Bethany; Carter, Virginia Celeste; Woodin, Terry

2011-01-01

280

Vision and change in biology undergraduate education, a call for action--initial responses.  

PubMed

The executive summary provides an overview of some of V&C's key recommendations regarding next steps in the effort to mobilize the biology community. It is, in essence, a call for national service. A publication discussing these recommendations and action items in more depth will be available later this year. Meanwhile, we highly recommend reading the Executive Summary of V&C, the NAS report (NAS, 2010), and a seminal article by Labov et al. (2010) summarizing the synergy created by these several reports on the changing nature of studies in biology and concomitant need to change biology education. Then, take action! Our hope is to see the formation of a community of biologists, similar to that forming in geology (Manduca et al., 2010): one that will advance biology undergraduate education so it truly reflects the discipline it serves. PMID:20516350

Woodin, Terry; Carter, V Celeste; Fletcher, Linnea

2010-01-01

281

Challenges of Communicating Climate Change in North Dakota: Undergraduate Internship and Collaboration with Middle School Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In summer 2010, the University of North Dakota (UND) hosted an internship for undergraduates to learn about climate change in both the classroom and group research projects. As a final project, the undergraduates were tasked to present their findings about different aspects of climate change in webcasts that would be later used in middle school classrooms in the region. Interns indicated that participation significantly improved their own confidence in future scholarly pursuits. Also, communicating about climate change, both during the project and afterwards, helped the interns feel more confident in their own learning. Use of webcasts widened the impact of student projects (e.g. YouTube dissemination), and multiple methods of student communication should continue to be an important piece of climate change education initiatives. Other key aspects of the internship were student journaling and group building. Challenges faced included media accessibility and diverse recruiting. Best practices from the UND internship will be discussed as a model for implementation at other universities. Lesson plans that complement the student-produced webcasts and adhere to regional and national standards were created during 2011. Communication between scientists and K-12 education researchers was found to be a challenge, but improved over the course of the project. These lesson plans have been reviewed both during a teacher workshop in January 2012 and by several Master teachers. Although select middle school educators have expressed enthusiasm for testing of these modules, very little hands-on testing with students has occurred. Wide-ranging roadblocks to implementation exist, including the need for adherence to state standards and texts, inadequate access to technology, and generally negative attitudes toward climate change in the region. Feedback from regional educators will be presented, and possible solutions will be discussed. Although some challenges are specific to the Northern Great Plains region, understanding these challenges are important for agencies and universities with goals of national dissemination.

Mullendore, G. L.; Munski, L.; Kirilenko, A.; Remer, F.; Baker, M.

2012-12-01

282

The Total Quality Movement in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The total quality movement began as a result of the desire of W. Edwards Deming, an American statistician, to permit the economic system to maintain its edge in a growing global market. The 14 points Deming listed as essential to "total quality management" have recently been adapted to the field of education. The success of the total quality

Leuenberger, John A.; Whitaker, Sheldon V., Jr.

283

Fifteen Years of Quality in Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The review explores 15 years of contributions to Quality in Higher Education. In this first part the review focuses on external processes and factors, both national and international. The developments in a wide range of countries are reported and evaluated. The concept of quality should not be detached from purpose and context and quality has political undertones. A key issue

Lee Harvey; James Williams

2010-01-01

284

A Unique Research Experience in Bioengineering Education for Undergraduate in the Vanth Reu  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) programs are designed to provide summer research opportunities in a particular domain of engineering or science. The VaNTH REU has been unique in focusing instead on education research projects in bioengineering. These projects allow students from various fields to gain a different perspective on their education while making the decisions about content and pedagogy that instructors usually make. After an introductory session at Vanderbilt, students spend the next nine weeks working with mentors from Vanderbilt University, Northwestern University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology or the University of Texas at Austin. While at these sites, students meet weekly by video- or tele-conference to report on their projects. Work on ethics and communication were integrated into the REU experience. The REU students, who are mostly in engineering, have become engaged in the process and methods of engineering education research and, in many cases, have made substantial contributions to the development and/or classroom evaluation of educational materials. At the same time, they have learned a particular field of bioengineering more deeply. This paper discusses the VaNTH REU program and illustrates the contributions of REU students to successful innovations in bioengineering pedagogy. While it would be difficult to replicate the VaNTH REU program in its entirety, many of its components are transferable and could help students who are considering faculty careers or graduate school in engineering education.

2009-08-05

285

The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Process in Public Higher Education Institutions and Effects on Organizational Performance: A Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public undergraduate higher education institutions face a number of seemingly intractable problems. Among those problems are cost, accountability and access. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award process is designed to help organization of any type address problems of organizational performance. This process has been used by manufacturing,…

Bailey, Bill D.

2011-01-01

286

Investigating the Quality of Mental Models Deployed by Undergraduate Engineering Students in Creating Explanations: The Case of Thermally Activated Phenomena  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a method aimed at pointing out the quality of the mental models undergraduate engineering students deploy when asked to create explanations for phenomena or processes and/or use a given model in the same context. Student responses to a specially designed written questionnaire are quantitatively analyzed using…

Fazio, Claudio; Battaglia, Onofrio Rosario; Di Paola, Benedetto

2013-01-01

287

Assessment of higher order cognitive skills in undergraduate education: modified essay or multiple choice questions? Research paper  

PubMed Central

Background Reliable and valid written tests of higher cognitive function are difficult to produce, particularly for the assessment of clinical problem solving. Modified Essay Questions (MEQs) are often used to assess these higher order abilities in preference to other forms of assessment, including multiple-choice questions (MCQs). MEQs often form a vital component of end-of-course assessments in higher education. It is not clear how effectively these questions assess higher order cognitive skills. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of the MEQ to measure higher-order cognitive skills in an undergraduate institution. Methods An analysis of multiple-choice questions and modified essay questions (MEQs) used for summative assessment in a clinical undergraduate curriculum was undertaken. A total of 50 MCQs and 139 stages of MEQs were examined, which came from three exams run over two years. The effectiveness of the questions was determined by two assessors and was defined by the questions ability to measure higher cognitive skills, as determined by a modification of Bloom's taxonomy, and its quality as determined by the presence of item writing flaws. Results Over 50% of all of the MEQs tested factual recall. This was similar to the percentage of MCQs testing factual recall. The modified essay question failed in its role of consistently assessing higher cognitive skills whereas the MCQ frequently tested more than mere recall of knowledge. Conclusion Construction of MEQs, which will assess higher order cognitive skills cannot be assumed to be a simple task. Well-constructed MCQs should be considered a satisfactory replacement for MEQs if the MEQs cannot be designed to adequately test higher order skills. Such MCQs are capable of withstanding the intellectual and statistical scrutiny imposed by a high stakes exit examination.

Palmer, Edward J; Devitt, Peter G

2007-01-01

288

Investigating the quality of mental models deployed by undergraduate engineering students in creating explanations: The case of thermally activated phenomena  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a method aimed at pointing out the quality of the mental models undergraduate engineering students deploy when asked to create explanations for phenomena or processes and/or use a given model in the same context. Student responses to a specially designed written questionnaire are quantitatively analyzed using researcher-generated categories of reasoning, based on the physics education research literature on student understanding of the relevant physics content. The use of statistical implicative analysis tools allows us to successfully identify clusters of students with respect to the similarity to the reasoning categories, defined as “practical or everyday,” “descriptive,” or “explicative.” Through the use of similarity and implication indexes our method also enables us to study the consistency in students’ deployment of mental models. A qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with students after they had completed the questionnaire is used to clarify some aspects which emerged from the quantitative analysis and validate the results obtained. Some implications of this joint use of quantitative and qualitative analysis for the design of a learning environment focused on the understanding of some aspects of the world at the level of causation and mechanisms of functioning are discussed.

Fazio, Claudio; Battaglia, Onofrio Rosario; Di Paola, Benedetto

2013-12-01

289

The Educational Function of an Astronomy Research Experience for Undergraduates Program as Described by Female Participants  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The long-running REU-program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This longitudinal, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women in the field of astronomy. Stage-1 consisted of an ex post facto analysis of data collected over 8 years, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes. Four themes emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, and an understanding of the "self." Analysis provided an initial theory that was used to design the Stage-2 interview protocol. In Stage-2, over 10 hours of interviews were conducted with 8 participants selected for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Results indicate that the REU provided a limited impact in terms of participants’ knowledge of professional astronomy as a largely computer-based endeavor. The REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, or other aspects of the "self,” were limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women began the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently associated with other mentors/scientist interactions, from middle school into the undergraduate years. Instructors and family members also served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained relationships with mentors were particularly transformational. These findings motivate an ongoing research agenda of long-term mentoring relationships for women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.

Slater, Stephanie

2010-01-01

290

Climate Change, NASA and New Media: Engaging Non-Science Undergraduates in Climate Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UC Riverside is one of the most socioeconomically and ethnically diverse university campuses in the country. As one of only two federally-designated Hispanic Serving Research Institutions, UCR has long been committed to successfully educating and graduating Latino students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields (fields in which Latino students are severely under-represented). Because Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the country, educating Latino students in climate science is necessary for creating an educated and informed American society. Each year nearly 3000 undergraduate students take lower-division courses in the UCR Earth Sciences Department. This creates a unique opportunity to educate a broad cross-section of students from all fields and majors in societally-important Earth Science issues. As part of a NASA Global Climate Change Education grant, the Earth Sciences Department has restructured its lower-division courses to emphasize climate science by redesigning labs and activities that incorporate online NASA climate data, with the idea that first-hand analysis of data will provide students with a better understanding of the complexities of climate change. While NASA data and resources are being woven in all lower-division courses, one course in particular, "Global Climate Change," has been completely redesigned: this course now both examines the science of climate change and trains students in the articulation of climate science. Students learn to use new medial like YouTube to create and disseminate their own educational vidoes. The goal of this approach is to educate all students, not just those studying Earth Sciences, and to ultimately increase the general public's understanding of global climate change.

Dahl, R. M.; Mrofka, D. D.; Droser, M.

2011-12-01

291

Reducing the stigma of mental illness in undergraduate medical education: a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background The stigma of mental illness among medical students is a prevalent concern that has far reaching negative consequences. Attempts to combat this stigma through educational initiatives have had mixed results. This study examined the impact of a one-time contact-based educational intervention on the stigma of mental illness among medical students and compared this with a multimodal undergraduate psychiatry course at the University of Calgary, Canada that integrates contact-based educational strategies. Attitudes towards mental illness were compared with those towards type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Method A cluster-randomized trial design was used to evaluate the impact of contact-based educational interventions delivered at two points in time. The impact was assessed by collecting data at 4 time points using the Opening Minds Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC) to assess changes in stigma. Results Baseline surveys were completed by 62% (n=111) of students before the start of the course and post-intervention ratings were available from 90 of these. Stigma scores for both groups were significantly reduced upon course completion (p < 0.0001), but were not significantly changed following the one-time contact based educational intervention in the primary analysis. Student confidence in working with people with a mental illness and interest in a psychiatric career was increased at the end of the course. Stigma towards mental illness remained greater than for T2DM at all time points. Conclusions Psychiatric education can decrease the stigma of mental illness and increase student confidence. However, one-time, contact-based educational interventions require further evaluation in this context. The key components are postulated to be contact, knowledge and attention to process, where attending to the student’s internal experience of working with people with mental illness is an integral factor in modulating perceptions of mental illness and a psychiatric career.

2013-01-01

292

Web 2.0 technologies for undergraduate and postgraduate medical education: an online survey  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify the current familiarity and use of Web 2.0 technologies by medical students and qualified medical practitioners, and to identify the barriers to its use for medical education. Methods A semi?structured online questionnaire survey of 3000 medical students and 3000 qualified medical practitioners (consultants, general practitioners and doctors in training) on the British Medical Association's membership database. Results All groups had high familiarity, but low use, of podcasts. Ownership of digital media players was higher among medical students. There was high familiarity, but low use, of other Web 2.0 technologies except for high use of instant messaging and social networking by medical students. All groups stated that they were interested in using Web 2.0 technologies for education but there was lack of knowledge and skills in how to use these new technologies. Conclusions There is an overall high awareness of a range of new Web 2.0 technologies by both medical students and qualified medical practitioners and high interest in its use for medical education. However, the potential of Web 2.0 technologies for undergraduate and postgraduate medical education will only be achieved if there is increased training in how to use this new approach.

Sandars, J; Schroter, S

2007-01-01

293

A survey on education in cariology for undergraduate dental students in Europe.  

PubMed

The aim of the survey was to collect relevant information about education in cariology for dental undergraduate students in Europe. The ORCA/ADEE cariology curriculum group prepared a questionnaire that was mailed in 2009 to 179 European dental schools. One hundred and twenty-three dental schools (72%) from 32 countries completed and returned the questionnaires. In most of these schools, education in cariology is delivered by at least two different units. The units mainly involved are Paediatric Dentistry, Conservative Dentistry, Restorative Dentistry or Operative Dentistry. Theoretical education in cariology is delivered by practically all responding dental schools, and in 96% of these schools, it starts within the first 3 years. Pre-clinical exercises are offered by 98% of the schools starting mainly in the third or fourth year. In 97% of the schools, clinical exercises are carried out, and this occurs mainly in the fourth and fifth year. In nearly all dental schools (88%), education in cariology comprises not only caries but also dental erosion and non-erosive wear. The vast majority of the responding dental schools (89%) supported the idea of developing a European Core Curriculum in Cariology. PMID:22023540

Schulte, A G; Buchalla, W; Huysmans, M-C D N J M; Amaechi, B T; Sampaio, F; Vougiouklakis, G; Pitts, N B

2011-11-01

294

Stylistic Learning Differences Between Undergraduate Athletic Training Students and Educators: Gregorc Mind Styles  

PubMed Central

Context: Learning theory and pedagogic research are unfamiliar to many educators trained in the sciences. Athletic training educators must learn to appreciate the theoretic and practical value of pedagogic research, including learning styles. Objective: To extend the learning styles research in athletic training by introducing the Mind Styles model and Gregorc Style Delineator instrument to investigate students' and program directors' baseline style preferences and to study the effects of sex, education level, and academic role on mean composite Gregorc Style Delineator scores. Design: Correlational research design. Setting: Instruments were mailed to program directors and administered in classroom settings. Patients or Other Participants: Ten of 10 athletic training programs accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs formed sample 1, with 200 undergraduate athletic training students (68 men, 132 women, age = 20.12 ± 2.02 years). A total of 43 program directors (22 men, 21 women, age = 40.05 ± 9.30 years) created sample 2. Main Outcome Measure(s): We used the Gregorc Style Delineator to measure participants' perceptual and ordering abilities, combining them in a quaternary design to create mean composite scores for the Concrete Sequential (CS), Abstract Sequential (AS), Abstract Random (AR), and Concrete Random (CR) Mind Styles subscales. We also noted each subject's sex, education level, and academic role. Results: We obtained a response rate of 100% of undergraduates and 43% of program directors. The CS style was preferred by 44.5% (n = 89) of students and 58.1% (n = 25) of program directors. Program directors preferred the CS style more (P < .001) and the AS and AR styles less (P < .001) than predicted by ?2 testing. Students preferred the CS style more (P < .001) and the AS style less (P < .001) than expected also. Men students preferred the AS style more (P < .01) and the AR style less (P < .01) than women students. Students by ?2 testing were also less likely to prefer the CS style (P < .01) and more likely to prefer the AR style (P < .001) than program directors. No significant main effect was noted for education level (P = .310) or the interaction (P = .108). Conclusions: Our findings add 2 unique elements to the athletic training literature by extending the investigation of styles to an original model (Mind Styles) and the effect of academic role on style. Program directors should strongly consider sex and academic role style differences when designing and implementing pedagogic methods.

Gould, Trenton E; Caswell, Shane V

2006-01-01

295

Relationships among Instructor, Peer, and Self-Evaluations of Undergraduate Music Education Majors' Micro-Teaching Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author investigates relationships between instructor, peer, and self-evaluations. Undergraduate music education students each taught three micro-teaching segments. Immediately after teaching, they filled out an evaluation for themselves indicating four things they did well, one suggestion for improvement, and an effectiveness score from 1 to…

Napoles, Jessica

2008-01-01

296

Then, Now, & in the Next Decade: A Commentary on Strengthening Undergraduate Science, Mathematics, Engineering and Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary focuses on reforms in undergraduate science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SME&T) education since 1986. A snapshot of these programs at the end of the 20th century is presented, and steps to take into the next decade are outlined. The report contains sections that discuss the status and desired directions for our…

Rothman, Frank G.; Narum, Jeanne L.

297

Undergraduate Student Credit Hours in Science, Engineering, and the Humanities, Fall 1980. Higher Education Panel Report Number 54.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of undergraduate credit hours taken in the sciences, engineering, and engineering technology, and in four major humanities fields (English, history, modern languages, and philosophy) for the fall semester, 1980-1981 was studied, based on a survey of 65 colleges and universities that are members of the American Council on Education's…

Atelsek, Frank J.; Andersen, Charles J.

298

Integrating Research into Undergraduate Education: The Value Added. Conference Proceedings (2nd, Washington, DC, November 18-19, 2004)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the proceedings of the Reinvention Center's second major conference, "Integrating Research into Undergraduate Education: The Value Added," co-sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation. The goal of the conference was to distill the distinct characteristics of the…

Reinvention Center, 2004

2004-01-01

299

The Implications of Teaching Norms for the Improvement of Undergraduate Education in Teaching-Oriented Colleges. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the normative support by college faculty at teaching-oriented colleges (Liberal Arts I and II institutions and community colleges) of six recommendations commonly offered for the improvement of undergraduate education and compared findings to a similar study at Research I and Comprehensive II institutions. Tenured full-time…

Eimers, Mardy T.; Braxton, John M.; Bayer, Alan E.

300

Faculty's Job Stress and Performance in the Undergraduate Education Assessment in China: A Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Undergraduate Education Assessment (assessment) was launched to upgrade faculty's performance, but it also tends to intensify their job stress. Considering the little empirical research on the influence of stress on performance in the assessment and the confounded findings in literature, the study collected data with a survey and interviews to…

Jing, Lizhen

2008-01-01

301

Are Dewey's Ideas Alive and Well in New Zealand Undergraduate Education? Kiwi Case Studies of Inquiry-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is an approach that could be used by undergraduate educators that appears to meet the suggestions by Dewey to integrate students' interests and experiences with content knowledge. The IBL approach has been described as "a range of strategies used to promote learning through students' active, and increasingly…

O'Steen, Billy

2008-01-01

302

Princeton Science and Engineering Education Initiative: Revising Undergraduate Environmental Science Courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science and Engineering Education Initiative at Princeton University aims to inspire and prepare all undergraduates, irrespective of their majors, to become scientifically and technologically literate citizens and decision-makers. Launched by the faculty on the Council on Science and Technology in September 2011, the initiative involves revising and creating science and engineering courses that emphasize the role of science in society. The course "Fundamentals of Environmental Studies" will serve as a model course for the initiative starting with revisions to the course in Fall 2012. Given the general interest undergraduates have for sustainability topics and the obvious connections between sustainability and society, this course should generate ample interest from students across the campus. We have begun the Initiative by defining student-centered learning goals and surveying students' attitudes towards science and engineering. Course by course, we are also gradually applying research-based teaching methods to better align course activities with learning goals, assessing learning gains, and creating a repository of successful methods and courses. Among the changes to "Fundamentals of Environmental Studies" will be a greater emphasis on science communication, such as incorporating an assignment in which students track the evolution of communicating a research project, from journal article to newspaper coverage to editorials.

Riihimaki, C. A.; Sealfon, C. D.; Paine, E. N.; O'Donnell, F. C.; Caylor, K. K.; Wilcove, D. S.

2012-12-01

303

Strategies for Embedding Scholarship in the Educational Experiences of Engineering Technology Undergraduate Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hallmark of Engineering Technology (ET) programs is its student-centered curriculum and hands-on approach to teaching. Many institutions with ET programs now require scholarship of their ET faculty in addition to their teaching duties. In many institutions that have always emphasized scholarship and research, undergraduate student education has often times taken a back seat to research. The question that arises for ET programs as we begin to engage in scholarly activities is: how do we insure that ET scholarship is student-centered similar to ET teaching and curriculum? The benefits of scholarship to ET students include enhancement of their critical thinking, innovative, lifelong learning skills, skills that many ET employers today are looking for in our students. In this paper, the author examines issues relating to the importance of scholarship to ET undergraduate students, barriers to ET student scholarship, mechanisms for embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum, resources required to facilitate ET student scholarship, and feedback from ET student scholars who recently worked on a scholarly project with the author. The author concludes that embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum is very desirable and suggests some ways and means to facilitate and nurture student scholarship in ET.

Aghayere, Abi

2009-08-27

304

Using Earth System Science as Basis for Sustainability Education in an Undergraduate Environmental Science Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate programs in Environmental Science (ES) have progressively grown over the past decades. One of the many challenges of providing an effective curriculum is deciding what content and which skills are included in such a wide ranging field. Certainly geoscience needs to be included as part of the content but how is this best executed? More precisely, what should ES majors know about how the earth, oceans, and atmosphere work? One possible approach is to include existing undergraduate geology or atmospheric science courses as part of the required core, but this has potential pitfalls. For example, courses may be geared toward general education requirements or may be designed more for geology majors. A better solution is to offer a course or set of courses that are specifically tailored for ES majors. I propose that Earth System Science (ESS) is an excellent approach as it incorporates the earth as a whole system and can be taught within the context of environmental sustainability. My approach to ESS is to focus on the movement/cycles of matter (e.g., carbon, calcium, nitrogen) and energy. By referring back to this focus throughout the semester, students are provided with a structure to begin to make sense of a complex problem. In support of this, lab exercises provide practice in collecting and analyzing data using a variety resources.

Sinton, C. W.

2012-12-01

305

Lighting Quantity and Quality in Educational Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses educational facility lighting management, and examines how light quantity, distribution, and quality-enhancement strategies can improve the indoor environment while reducing lighting costs. Informational tables provide lighting pattern, color, and illuminance data. (GR)

Elwazanim, Salim A.

1998-01-01

306

Building a High-Quality Education Workforce  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Strategy and policy recommendations to improve the quality of the education workforce by the National Governors Association. Many of the recommendations in this guide are cost-neutral. They involve changing regulations as a means to build a high-quality education workforce. They also require states to examine existing funding priorities to determine whether funds should be shifted to strategies that are proven to improve student achievement and away from priorities that have failed to produce measurable gains in student achievement.

2009-06-09

307

[Quality of nursing education--a review].  

PubMed

Nursing education in Germany is thoroughly characterised by heterogeneous structures and qualifications. Both compared to national and international standards, the education system appears to be very specific and not designed as a permeable qualification system. Additionally, until now quality assurance of nursing education is rarely developed. Where such efforts have been undertaken so far, they have mostly resulted from single initiatives and are based on quality assurance models originally developed for linear production and service processes. However, taking recent developments in vocational training and higher on European level into account, some new impulses for quality assurance and improvement can be expected with regard to German nursing education. A consistent European Qualifications Framework (EQF) is to be designed, which is determined by permeable education structures, transparent as well as comparable education programms and compatible credit point systems (Bologna Process, Copenhagen Process). This framework should be accompanied by a quality assurance system which primarily focuses on learning programms and outcomes. In the future, these changes forced by the EU Member States will influence the area of nursing education in Germany and will require quality assurance efforts which are accordingly structured and aimed. PMID:16759076

Stöcker, Gertrud

2006-05-01

308

Interactive Learning Modules: Enabling Near Real-Time Oceanographic Data Use In Undergraduate Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The focus of the Education and Public Engagement (EPE) component of the NSF's Ocean Observatories Initiative (OOI) is to provide a new layer of cyber-interactivity for undergraduate educators to bring near real-time data from the global ocean into learning environments. To accomplish this, we are designing six online services including: 1) visualization tools, 2) a lesson builder, 3) a concept map builder, 4) educational web services (middleware), 5) collaboration tools and 6) an educational resource database. Here, we report on our Fall 2012 release that includes the first four of these services: 1) Interactive visualization tools allow users to interactively select data of interest, display the data in various views (e.g., maps, time-series and scatter plots) and obtain statistical measures such as mean, standard deviation and a regression line fit to select data. Specific visualization tools include a tool to compare different months of data, a time series explorer tool to investigate the temporal evolution of select data parameters (e.g., sea water temperature or salinity), a glider profile tool that displays ocean glider tracks and associated transects, and a data comparison tool that allows users to view the data either in scatter plot view comparing one parameter with another, or in time series view. 2) Our interactive lesson builder tool allows users to develop a library of online lesson units, which are collaboratively editable and sharable and provides starter templates designed from learning theory knowledge. 3) Our interactive concept map tool allows the user to build and use concept maps, a graphical interface to map the connection between concepts and ideas. This tool also provides semantic-based recommendations, and allows for embedding of associated resources such as movies, images and blogs. 4) Education web services (middleware) will provide an educational resource database API.

Kilb, D. L.; Fundis, A. T.; Risien, C. M.

2012-12-01

309

Applications of Quality Management in Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines applications of quality management (QM) in language education. QM approaches have been adapted from methodologies developed in industrial and commercial settings, and these are briefly described. Key aspects of QM in language education are the definition of purpose, descriptions of principles and practice, including various…

Heyworth, Frank

2013-01-01

310

Total Quality Management Initiatives in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines trends affecting higher education such as declining enrollments, replacement of faculty, rising costs, competition for enrollments, corporate education, work changes, and greater accountability and relates them to Total Quality Management (TQM). Relevant organizations, the role of leadership, and barriers to greater acceptance are…

Sullivan, Maureen; Siggins, Jack A.

1993-01-01

311

Education Quality in the Middle East  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the most dramatic growth in the provision of primary and secondary education over the last decade has occurred across countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Yet student achievement across MENA is lagging compared to many other parts of the world. Low quality of education is a primary concern and one of the greatest…

Chapman, David W.; Miric, Suzanne L.

2009-01-01

312

Quality Education for the Severely Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven papers given at a conference on issues in educational services for severely handicapped students are presented. R. Thompson, B. Wilcox, and R. York begin with "The Federal Program for the Severely Handicapped: Historical Perspective, Analysis, and Review." Six program elements in quality education are then addressed in the following papers:…

Wilcox, Barbara, Ed.; York, Robert, Ed.

313

Quality Assurance: Enhancing or Threatening Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing marketization of commodity services and, the authors argue, higher education is suffering heavily from this trend. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are currently subject to quality assurance and other externally imposed procedures that have been successfully applied in the private sector. This article analyses the…

Taousanidis, Nikolaos I.; Antoniadou, Myrofora A.

2010-01-01

314

Total Quality Management: Implications for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 19 papers describing the implementation of Total Quality Management in a variety of higher education settings. Following a Foreword by Peter Likins and a Preface by Daniel J. Julius, the chapter titles and authors are: (1) "TQM: Implications for Higher Education--A Look Back to the Future" (Allan M. Hoffman and Randall Summers);…

Hoffman, Allan M., Ed.; Julius, Daniel J., Ed.

315

Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice Concepts in Undergraduate Athletic Training Education: Experiences of Select Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Professional athletic training education must transition toward instruction of evidence-based practice in order to maintain progress with other health professions' clinical practices and educational standards. Objective: To evaluate athletic training educators' experience with implementation of evidence-based practice concepts in CAATE…

Manspeaker, Sarah A.; Van Lunen, Bonnie

2010-01-01

316

Development of an electronic nose sensing platform for undergraduate education in nanotechnology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The teaching of the different aspects of a sensor system, with a focus on the involved nanotechnology, is a challenging, yet important task. We present the development of an electronic nose system that utilizes a nanoscale amperometric sensing mechanism for gas mixtures. The fabrication of the system makes use of a basic microfabrication facility, as well as an undergraduate chemistry laboratory for material synthesis and preparation. The sensing device consists of an array of cross-reactive sensors composed of metal-oxide semiconducting nanoparticles. Each sensor in the array produces a unique response in the presence of a target gas, allowing the sensor to determine the identity and concentration of multiple gases in a mixture. The educational aspects include microheater simulation and fabrication, design and fabrication of interdigitated electrodes, development of interfacing circuitry and software, development and calibration of a sensory array, sol-gel processing of nanoparticle films and their characterization, and details of the fundamental chemical sensing mechanism.

Russo, Daniel V.; Burek, Michael J.; Iutzi, Ryan M.; Mracek, James A.; Hesjedal, Thorsten

2011-05-01

317

Undergraduate medical education for primary care: a case study in New Mexico.  

PubMed

To address the dual problems of maldistribution of physicians and an increasing need for physicians who are lifelong learners, an experimental curricular track was developed at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. Increased student responsibility for learning is encouraged by student-centered, small-group, problem-based tutorial learning, and early, primary care role modeling is offered during an early, lengthy, rural preceptorship. Preliminary outcomes reveal there is reinforcement of career interest in rural primary care with important linkages forged between the university and communities as a program by-product. Further, the experimental students, as compared to students in the conventional track, showed a greater appreciation of their learning environment, showed less stress, and failed to become cynical. The reorientation of undergraduate medical education toward the future health care needs of communities and the learning needs of physicians may require major modifications of curriculum design and role modeling experiences. PMID:7123334

Kaufman, A; Klepper, D; Obenshain, S S; Voorhees, J D; Galey, W; Duban, S; Moore-West, M; Jackson, R; Bennett, M; Waterman, R

1982-09-01

318

Quality Assurance in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an economic and political climate marked by the continued reduction of physical education programs, the authors believe that advocacy is now a professional responsibility that all physical educators have a duty to perform. Despite support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010), the National Association for Sport and Physical…

Richards, K. Andrew R.; Wilson, Wesley J.

2012-01-01

319

In Search of Quality Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, a professor of education, is not surprised at the public outcry over incompetent teachers. He cites examples from his own experience of education students who cannot write, who prefer not to think or deal with theory, and who treat grades as a numbers game. (SJL)

Vold, David J.

1980-01-01

320

Exemplary Learning Modules in the ESSE Design Guide for Undergraduate Earth System Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supported by NASA through the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), the cooperative university- based Earth System Science Education (ESSE) program fosters the development of undergraduate curriculum and courses designed to understand Earth as a system. The ESSE community has produced the web-based Design Guide for Undergraduate Earth System Science Education as a living synthesis of the program. One section of the Design Guide contains exemplary learning modules with demonstrated value in courses that include new perspectives and new audiences underrepresented in the sciences. Two highlights are applications of earth system science to the urban environment and the adaptation of course material for the K- 12 curriculum. These learning modules will be useful in existing courses and will provide ideas for future course development. Each module has a description that includes the rationale, the learning objectives, the target audience, types of activities supported, instructor's tips, evaluation procedures and other information to help faculty to make best use of the module. Vignettes of personal experiences with the learning modules and linkage to the Design Guide provide scientific, pedagogical and institutional context. The ESSE21 Evaluation Toolkit, packaged with the Design Guide, offers additional information about evaluation. The topics developed in the learning modules cover a broad range from the tropics to the poles to near-Earth space: urban land surface-atmosphere systems; carbon cycle; remote sensing; integrating earth system science and the urban environment; land use and land cover change; pollution protection of Earth systems; local energy balance at air/land and air/water interfaces; earth and space science; and polar remote sensing.

Aron, J. L.; Ruzek, M.

2006-12-01

321

76 FR 6769 - Office of Postsecondary Education, Overview Information, Undergraduate International Studies and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program; Notice Inviting Applications...Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language (UISFL) program provides grants to...in international studies and foreign languages. Priorities: This notice contains...

2011-02-08

322

Brownfield Action: An education through an environmental science simulation experience for undergraduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brownfield Action is a computer simulation experience used by undergraduates in an Introduction to Environmental Science course for non-science majors at Barnard College. Students play the role of environmental consultants given the semester-long task of investigating a potentially contaminated landsite in a simulated town. The simulation serves as the integration mechanism for the entire course. The project is a collaboration between Professor Bower and the Columbia University Center for New Media Teaching and Learning (CCNMTL). This study chronicles the discovery, design, development, implementation, and evaluation of this project over its four-year history from prototype to full-fledged semester-long integrated lecture and lab experience. The complete project history serves as a model for the development of best practices in contributing to the field of educational technology in higher education through the study of fully designed and implemented projects in real classrooms. Recommendations from the project focus on linking the laboratory and lecture portions of a course, the use of simulations (especially for novice students), instructor adaptation to the use of technology, general educational technology project development, and design research, among others. Findings from the study also emphasize the uniqueness of individual student's growth through the experience, and the depth of understanding that can be gained from embracing the complexity of studying sophisticated learning environments in real classrooms.

Kelsey, Ryan Daniel

323

Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Undergraduate Education and Research Programs, Facilities, and Information Access  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The titles in this section include: 1) GRIDVIEW: Recent Improvements in Research and Education Software for Exploring Mars Topography; 2) Software and Hardware Upgrades for the University of North Dakota Asteroid and Comet Internet Telescope (ACIT); 3) Web-based Program for Calculating Effects of an Earth Impact; 4) On-Line Education, Web- and Virtual-Classes in an Urban University: A Preliminary Overview; 5) Modelling Planetary Material's Structures: From Quasicrystalline Microstructure to Crystallographic Materials by Use of Mathematica; 6) How We Used NASA Lunar Set in Planetary and Material Science Studies: Textural and Cooling Sequences in Sections of Lava Column from a Thin and a Thick Lava-Flow, from the Moon and Mars with Terrestrial Analogue and Chondrule Textural Comparisons; 7) Classroom Teaching of Space Technology and Simulations by the Husar Rover Model; 8) New Experiments (In Meteorology, Aerosols, Soil Moisture and Ice) on the New Hunveyor Educational Planetary Landers of Universities and Colleges in Hungary; 9) Teaching Planetary GIS by Constructing Its Model for the Test Terrain of the Hunveyor and Husar; 10) Undergraduate Students: An Untapped Resource for Planetary Researchers; 11) Analog Sites in Field Work of Petrology: Rock Assembly Delivered to a Plain by Floods on Earth and Mars; 12) RELAB (Reflectance Experiment Laboratory): A NASA Multiuser Spectroscopy Facility; 13) Full Text Searching and Customization in the NASA ADS Abstract Service.

2004-01-01

324

Leadership plus re-education equals quality.  

PubMed

Santa Teresita Hospital stood in serious violation of 13 accreditation standards in 1987. To regain quality control, the California facility first changed leadership and information systems and then launched a push to re-educate physicians about the beefed-up quality assurance plan. It worked. PMID:10104910

Burda, D

1990-06-01

325

Conceptual understandings of biology in pre-service science educators and undergraduate biology students at Colorado institutions of higher education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pre-service secondary science individuals, future middle or high school instructors training to become teachers, along with both Honors and general first year undergraduate biology students were investigated to determine how they reason about and understand two core topics in Biology: matter and energy flow through biological systems and evolution by natural selection. Diagnostic Question Clusters were used to assess student understanding of the processes by which matter and energy flow through biological systems over spatial scales, from the atomic-molecular to ecosystem levels. Key concepts and identified misconceptions were examined over topics of evolution by natural selection using the multiple-choice Concept Inventory of Natural Selection (CINS) and open-response Assessing COntextual Reasoning about Natural Selection (ACORNS). Pre-service teachers used more scientifically based reasoning than the undergraduate students over the topics of matter and energy flow. The Honors students used more scientific and less improper informal reasoning than the general undergraduates over matter and energy flow. Honors students performed best on both the CINS and ACORNS items over natural selection, while the general undergraduates scored the lowest on the CINS, and the pre-service instructors scored lowest on the ACORNS. Overall, there remain a large proportion of students not consistently using scientific reasoning about these two important concepts, even in future secondary science teachers. My findings are similar to those of other published studies using the same assessments. In general, very few biology students at the college level use scientific reasoning that exhibits deep conceptual understanding. A reason for this could be that instructors fail to recognize deficiencies in student reasoning; they assume their students use principle-based reasoning. Another reason could be that principle-based reasoning is very difficult and our teaching approaches in college promote memorization of content rather than conceptual change. My findings are significant to the work and progression of concept inventories in biology education, as well as to the instructors of students at all levels of biology curriculum, and those of future science teachers.

Smith, Trenton John

326

COMPRES Mineral Physics Educational Modules for Advanced Undergraduates and Graduate Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Consortium for Materials Properties Research in Earth Sciences (COMPRES) is a community-based consortium whose goal is to advance and facilitate experimental high pressure research in the Earth Sciences. An important aspect of this goal is sharing our knowledge with the next generation of researchers. To facilitate this, we have created a group of web-based educational modules on mineral physics topics. The modules reside in the On Cutting Edge, Teaching Mineralogy collection on the Science Education Resource Center (SERC) website. Although the modules are designed to function as part of a full semester course, each module can also stand alone. Potential users of the modules include mineral physics faculty teaching "bricks and mortar" classes at their own institutions, or in distance education setting, mineralogy teachers interested in including supplementary material in their mineralogy class, undergraduates doing independent study projects and graduate students and colleagues in other sub-disciplines who wish to brush up on a mineral physics topic. We used the modules to teach an on-line course entitled "Introduction to Mineral Physics" during the spring 2012 semester. More than 20 students and postdocs as well as 15 faculty and senior scientists participated in the course which met twice weekly as a webinar. Recordings of faculty lectures and student-led discussions of journal articles are now available upon request and edited versions of the lectures will be incorporated into the educational modules. Our experience in creating the modules and the course indicates that the use of 1) community-generated internet-based resources and 2) webinars to enable shared teaching between faculty at different universities, has the potential to both enrich graduate education and create efficiencies for university faculty.;

Burnley, P. C.; Thomas, S.

2012-12-01

327

Science and Technology Education for Civic and Professional Life: The Undergraduate Years. A Report of the Wingspread Conference (Racine, Wisconsin, June 1-3, 1982).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The failure of colleges and universities to ensure that all undergraduates become scientifically and technologically educated was addressed at the 1982 Wingspread Conference. Representatives of education, business, government, and other professions considered the place of science and technology education within liberal education and formulated a…

American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC.

328

Nutrition Quality of Life among Female-Majority Malay Undergraduate Students of Health Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: University students generally tend to engage in problematic eating behaviours, including unhealthy dieting, skipping meals, and high intake of fast food, although they are aware of the negative consequences. Eating behaviours have been shown to be interestingly related to quality of life (QoL). Our study aimed to 1) assess general nutrition quality of life (NQoL) status and 2) compare NQoL status based on gender, financial resources, study courses, year of study, and body mass index (BMI) profiles. Methods: This study was conducted among undergraduates of health sciences in a local public university in Terengganu. Students completed the Malay version of NQoL (6 domains; 50 items; Likert-type responses 1–5). Data analysis was carried out by using SPSS 16.0, utilising descriptive and parametric statistics. Results: A total of 241 students were enrolled [age = 19.7 (0.1) years; female (83.0%); Malay (96.7%)]. Social/Interpersonal Factors [3.84 (0.43)] emerged as the best component, while Food Impact [3.10 (0.40)] was the worst. Across all variables, only gender and study courses showed significantly different NQoL. Females scored better than males in Self-Efficacy (confidence in food selection ability) (P < 0.05). Nursing students also experienced significantly greater NQoL (mean = 3.58, 95% CI = 3.47, 3.68) than radiography students in Self-Efficacy (p < 0.05). Medical laboratory technology students had a significantly more favourable NQoL rating (mean = 3.62, 95% CI = 3.47, 3.76) than nursing students in Self-Image (p < 0.05). Study courses significantly influenced the NQoL status of students with Good NQoL, while those with Poor NQoL were mostly influenced by gender and financial resources (p < 0.05). Conclusion: These outcomes indicate that specific demographic characteristics seemed to make a difference in the NQoL of undergraduate students.

Pei Lin, Lua; Wan Putri Elena, Wan Dali; Mohd Razif, Shahril

2012-01-01

329

Educational quality and the crisis of educational research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper was designed not as a research product but as a speech to comparative education colleagues. It argues that there is a crisis of educational quality in many parts of the world, and that there is a parallel crisis in the quality of educational research and statistics. Compared to other major public responsibilities in health, agriculture, population and family planning, educational statistics are poor and often getting worse. Our international and national statistical institutions are impoverished, and we as a profession have been part of the problem. We have been so busy arguing over differing research paradigms that we have not paid sufficient attention to our common professional responsibilities and common professional goals. The paper suggests that we, as professionals interested in comparative education issues, begin to act together more on these common and important issues.

Heyneman, Stephen

1993-11-01

330

Why peer assessment helps to improve clinical performance in undergraduate physical therapy education: a mixed methods design  

PubMed Central

Background Peer Assessment (PA) in health professions education encourages students to develop a critical attitude towards their own and their peers’ performance. We designed a PA task to assess students’ clinical skills (including reasoning, communication, physical examination and treatment skills) in a role-play that simulated physical therapy (PT) practice. Students alternately performed in the role of PT, assessor, and patient. Oral face-to-face feedback was provided as well as written feedback and scores. This study aims to explore the impact of PA on the improvement of clinical performance of undergraduate PT students. Methods The PA task was analyzed and decomposed into task elements. A qualitative approach was used to explore students’ perceptions of the task and the task elements. Semi-structured interviews with second year students were conducted to explore the perceived impact of these task elements on performance improvement. Students were asked to select the elements perceived valuable, to rank them from highest to lowest learning value, and to motivate their choices. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed, using a phenomenographical approach and following template analysis guidelines. A quantitative approach was used to describe the ranking results. Results Quantitative analyses showed that the perceived impact on learning varied widely. Performing the clinical task in the PT role, was assigned to the first place (1), followed by receiving expert feedback (2), and observing peer performance (3). Receiving peer feedback was not perceived the most powerful task element. Qualitative analyses resulted in three emerging themes: pre-performance, true-performance, and post-performance triggers for improvement. Each theme contained three categories: learning activities, outcomes, and conditions for learning. Intended learning activities were reported, such as transferring prior learning to a new application context and unintended learning activities, such as modelling a peer’s performance. Outcomes related to increased self-confidence, insight in performance standards and awareness of improvement areas. Conditions for learning referred to the quality of peer feedback. Conclusions PA may be a powerful tool to improve clinical performance, although peer feedback is not perceived the most powerful element. Peer assessors in undergraduate PT education use idiosyncratic strategies to assess their peers’ performance.

2014-01-01

331

The Landscape of Quality Assurance in Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distance education permeates the field of professional and continuing education to such an extent that quality assurance (QA) is a topic no distance educator or administrator should avoid. Quality assurance is an issue not just for continuing education but also for higher education generally. Given the disruptive impact of distance education and…

Scull, W. Reed; Kendrick, David; Shearer, Rick; Offerman, Dana

2011-01-01

332

Undertaking HRD Research in Higher Education: A Longitudinal Approach to Evaluating Undergraduate "Enterprise Education" Modules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Educational programmes that are concerned with the learning and teaching of enterprise education, such as enterprise focused degrees and/or modules, could be argued to be of particular interest to human resource development (HRD) research since they commonly have an overt focus on influencing and shaping the career choices of students.…

Harte, Victoria; Stewart, Jim

2010-01-01

333

Part-Time Undergraduates in Postsecondary Education: 2003-04. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Report. NCES 2007-165  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After dramatic growth between 1970 and 1990, part-time students have formed a large and stable segment of the undergraduate population in U.S. postsecondary institutions (Hussar 2005). In fall 2004, approximately 5.5 million undergraduates were enrolled part time, making up 37 percent of the undergraduate enrollment in all degree-granting…

Chen, Xianglei

2007-01-01

334

Using Quality Circles in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals and benefits of a Quality Circles program (voluntary, regular, problem solving meetings held by groups of employees) are explored in this article. Practical guidelines for implementing this program in a school environment are also shared. (DF)

Wlodarczyk, Steven; Bandy, Beth

1984-01-01

335

Urgent need for contraceptive education and services in Chinese unmarried undergraduates: a multi-campus survey.  

PubMed

In order to ascertain prevalence rate of premarital sexual intercourse, unintended pregnancy and abortion, and evaluate associated factors of unintended pregnancy among undergraduates from all over China, the representative sample of unmarried undergraduates was obtained by using a multi-stage, stratified, probability cluster design, and data were collected by using a survey questionnaire. 62 326 available responders were gained. 11.6% of them acknowledged having experiences of premarital sexual intercourse (standardized prevalence rate of sexual intercourse was 13.8%). 31.5% of students active in premarital sex acknowledged undergoing unintended pregnancy. 76.2% of pregnant students selected abortion to end it. Of students active in premarital sex, 46.2% used contraception at the first sexual intercourse, 28.2% replied "always" using contraception in sexual intercourse. The rate of using condoms, oral contraceptives (OCs), and withdrawal among students who had used contraception was 52.0%, 31.0%, and 27.2% respectively. "No preparation for sex" (40.3%), "pleasure decrement" (32.1%), "won't-be-pregnancy in occasional sexual intercourse" (30.2%) were their common excuses for using no contraception. The identified risk factors for unintended pregnancy among students active in premarital sex by multivariate analysis were as follows: having no steady lover [having no steady lover vs having a steady lover: odds ratio (OR), 1.875; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.629-2.158], unaware of the course of conception (unaware vs aware: OR, 2.023; 95% CI, 1.811-2.260), considering abortion not endanger women's physical and mental health (no endangerment vs endangerment: OR, 2.659; 95% CI, 2.265-3.121), nonuse of contraception (never use vs always use: OR, 1.682; 95% CI, 1.295-2.185). Medical students were not less likely to experience an unintended pregnancy than nonmedical students (OR, 1.111; 95% CI, 0.906-1.287). The substantial proportion of unintended pregnancy among undergraduates indicates a need for convenient and targeted contraceptive education and services. PMID:21823000

Zhou, Yuanzhong; Xiong, Jinwen; Li, Jie; Huang, Shiyun; Shang, Xuejun; Liu, Guohui; Zhang, Meimei; Yin, Pin; Wei, Sheng; Xiong, Chengliang

2011-08-01

336

A comprehensive care clinic in Swedish dental undergraduate education: 3-year report.  

PubMed

In 1993, a new undergraduate curriculum was introduced at the Faculty of Dentistry, Karolinska Institute. The expanded comprehensive care clinic described in this 3-year report, is proposed as a potential model for a CC-clinic in dental undergraduate education. Students enter clinical training at the beginning of the 3rd year and continue through to their final semester, in the 5th year. The one student is responsible for the total oral care of all his/her patients. Patients are stratified on admission into 3 levels, depending on the complexity of treatment need. Before being assigned their 1st patients (patient level I), the students must fulfil specified requirements of theoretical knowledge and clinical procedures and obtain a proficiency certificate. After qualifying for higher proficiency certificates, denoting their level of clinical responsibility, the students assume successively greater responsibility for treatment of patients, with less supervision from clinical instructors. Clinical supervision is the responsibility of integrated multidisciplinary teams of faculty members. Each group of students is assigned a clinical tutor, who is responsible for overall treatment planning of their patients. The individual student's clinical progress and achievements are monitored by a specially designed computer program. Criteria for a final pass in the course are: (1) clinical maturity in overall patient management; (2) technical competence in conjunction with theoretical knowledge. 3 years experience of the new model for comprehensive clinical training in a patient-centred, multidisciplinary clinic has shown that; (a) students seem to acquire a greater understanding of comprehensive case management; (b) patients receive more co-ordinated care; (c) there has been no significant change in the number of clinical procedures completed; (d) difficulties arise in co-ordination of staff over the traditional specialist boundaries; (e) assessment of student maturity and professional responsibility is impeded by the lack of objective criteria. PMID:10865350

Johnson, G

1999-11-01

337

Providing Research Experiences to Minority Undergraduates: The Pathway to Success in Graduate Education?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

UTEP is an Hispanic Serving Institution located along the U.S.-Mexico border with tremendous access to a diverse student population. The Pathways Research Experience Program (PREP) at UTEP is designed to provide students from underrepresented groups access to research under the supervision of a faculty mentor. Students are selected for the program based on GPA, letters of recommendation, and a research proposal. Since 2002, 16 students have worked on a variety of research projects under the auspices of PREP. This group has included 12 women and 10 Hispanics. Of these students 6 have graduated and 4 have continued onto graduate programs at other institutions. A key part of this project is the research stipend which enables students to focus on their undergraduate studies without having to seek outside employment. Student research topics have been diverse and have included projects in paleontology, structural geology, hydrogeology, environmental geology, and geomicrobiology. Student research projects have been presented at national meetings including the Geological Society of America and Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in the Sciences, as well as research expos at UTEP. In addition to providing access to research projects the students participate in workshops on applying to graduate schools, obtaining financial aid, and good study habits. Our overall goals for this project have been to mentor students through an undergraduate degree in geology and prepare them for graduate education in the Earth Sciences. Although our project is just beginning, our preliminary results suggest that this type of research experience increases the likelihood that minority students will continue onto graduate school.

Andronicos, C. L.; Miller, K. C.; Langford, R. P.; Carrick, T. L.

2004-12-01

338

Resources to Transform Undergraduate Geoscience Education: Activities in Support of Earth, Oceans and Atmospheric Sciences Faculty, and Future Plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSF offers funding programs that support geoscience education spanning atmospheric, oceans, and Earth sciences, as well as environmental science, climate change and sustainability, and research on learning. The 'Resources to Transform Undergraduate Geoscience Education' (RTUGeoEd) is an NSF Transforming Undergraduate Education in STEM (TUES) Type 2 special project aimed at supporting college-level geoscience faculty at all types of institutions. The project's goals are to carry out activities and create digital resources that encourage the geoscience community to submit proposals that impact their courses and classroom infrastructure through innovative changes in instructional practice, and contribute to making transformative changes that impact student learning outcomes and lead to other educational benefits. In the past year information sessions were held during several national and regional professional meetings, including the GSA Southeastern and South-Central Section meetings. A three-day proposal-writing workshop for faculty planning to apply to the TUES program was held at the University of South Florida - Tampa. During the workshop, faculty learned about the program and key elements of a proposal, including: the need to demonstrate awareness of prior efforts within and outside the geosciences and how the proposed project builds upon this knowledge base; need to fully justify budget and role of members of the project team; project evaluation and what matters in selecting a project evaluator; and effective dissemination practices. Participants also spent time developing their proposal benefitting from advice and feedback from workshop facilitators. Survey data gathered from workshop participants point to a consistent set of challenges in seeking grant support for a desired educational innovation, including poor understanding of the educational literature, of available funding programs, and of learning assessment and project evaluation. Many also noted that their institutions did not recognize the value of education-related scholarly activities, or undervaluing it compared to more traditional research activities. Given this reality, faculty desire strategies for balancing their time to allow time to pursue both. The current restructuring of NSF educational programs raises questions regarding future directions and the scale of support that may be available from the proposed Catalyzing Advances in Undergraduate STEM Education (CAUSE) Program. At the time of writing this abstract, specific details have not been communicated, but it appears that CAUSE could encompass components from several programs within the Division of Undergraduate Education's TUES, STEP, and WIDER programs, as well as the Geoscience Education and OEDG programs in the Geosciences Directorate. The RTUGeoEd project will continue to provide support to faculty seeking CAUSE (and other educational funding within DUE).

Ryan, J. G.; Singer, J.

2013-12-01

339

Special education and engineering education: an interdisciplinary approach to undergraduate training  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the passage of Public Law 99-457 in 1986, services for three-year-old to five-year-old children with handicaps must be provided by public schools beginning in the 1991-1992 academic year. It is noted that this change in federal law governing services to children provides a unique opportunity to enhance educational training and preparation of special education students and

W. B. Hudson; B. S. Hudson

1991-01-01

340

Adult education and the quality of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the complementary role of adult education in influencing people's objective and subjective quality of life. The analytical strategy used to achieve this end is to estimate parameters in a path model which includes both objective indicators such as occupational status and earned income, and subjective indicators such as job satisfaction and perceived personal wellbeing. The investigation builds on Swedish data and employs the LISREL method in the fitting of the model to the data. The results indicate that adult education positively influences objective indicators of the quality of life. Even though adult education is found to relate to measures of perceived personal wellbeing, the hypothesis that it also influences the way men assess their life situation and evaluate their subjective quality of life cannot be confirmed.

Tuijnman, Albert

1990-09-01

341

Mount Sinai Hospital dental program for persons with disabilities: role in undergraduate dental education.  

PubMed

Access to dental care for persons with special needs or disabilities continues to be a problem. This population is known to have a high incidence of dental disease, but unfortunately oral health is a significant unmet health need in many cases. To address this need, the Mount Sinai Hospital Dental Program for Persons with Disabilities was developed over 30 years ago by staff within the discipline of pediatric dentistry at the faculty of dentistry of the University of Toronto. Undergraduate students receive hands-on clinical training in dental management of persons with disabilities, the majority of whom have a developmental disability and could receive care in a community-based dental practice. This program has been successful, but access to community care is still an issue for the population served. Two new initiatives have been introduced in an attempt to develop personal links between persons with disabilities and future dentists, the first a series of lectures given by persons with disabilities and the second a nonprofit organization dedicated to raising awareness of the need for dental care for persons with disabilities. Among other activities, the organization sponsors a community-based event called Sharing Smiles Day, which brings together dental students and persons with disabilities in a carnival-like setting where the emphasis is on personal interactions. Dental preventive education is also provided but is of secondary importance. These initiatives and the program as a whole represent recognition of the responsibility of educators to ensure that new graduates have both the education and the desire to provide needed dental care to persons with disabilities. PMID:20483037

Sigal, Michael J

2010-01-01

342

Education Quality in the Middle East  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some of the most dramatic growth in the provision of primary and secondary education over the last decade has occurred across countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Yet student achievement across MENA is lagging compared to many other parts of the world. Low quality of education is a primary concern and one of the greatest challenges facing education and government leaders across the region. This paper summarises recent evidence regarding student learning in the MENA region and draws on Galal's model of policy formulation in considering ways that governments across the Middle East might address this problem.

Chapman, David W.; Miric, Suzanne L.

2009-07-01

343

A Call for a Community of Practice to Assess the Impact of Emerging Technologies on Undergraduate Biology Education  

PubMed Central

Recent recommendations for educational research encourage empirically tested, theory-based, completely transparent, and broadly applicable studies. In light of these recommendations, we call for a research standard and community of practice in the evaluation of technology use in the undergraduate life science classroom. We outline appropriate research methodology, review and critique the past research on technology usage and, lastly, suggest a new and improved focus for research on emerging technologies.

Jensen, Jamie L.; Dario-Becker, Juville; Hughes, Lee E.; Amburn, D. Sue Katz; Shaw, Joyce A.

2012-01-01

344

Bone Quality: Educational Tools for Patients, Physicians, and Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Defining bone quality remains elusive. From a patient perspective bone quality can best be defined as an individual’s likelihood\\u000a of sustaining a fracture. Fracture risk indicators and performance measures can help clinicians better understand individual\\u000a fracture risk. Educational resources such as the Web can help clinicians and patients better understand fracture risk, communicate\\u000a effectively, and make decisions concerning diagnosis and

Junaid Shams; Allison B. Spitzer; Ann M. Kennelly; Laura L. Tosi

345

Performance Analysis of Science Education Undergraduates: A Case Study of Biology Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of the study was to analyze the results of university biology education students as a case study against gender and performance and empirically determine the implications of the findings to countries, such as Nigeria, South Africa and the rest of the world. The study made use of all the 344 students in the levels from 100 to 400 of…

Ochonogor, Chukunoye Enunuwe

2011-01-01

346

Building a Vision for Quality Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Customer satisfaction and continuous improvement of products and services are concepts underlying quality philosophy that swept across U.S. industry during 1980s. These organizational principles are now being applied to educational practice, including administration, curricula, and teaching. This article explains how to build a strong, compelling…

Rinehart, Gray

1993-01-01

347

Total Quality Management in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order for an educational institution to utilize Total Quality Management as a tool for improving effectiveness, the culture of the college must foster a belief in change and a focus on the customer. A disciplined approach to planning and a commitment to the concept of Continuous Improvement (CI) are also required. Concerning acceptance of…

Rieley, James B.

348

Implementing Total Quality Management in Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an internationally competitive training environment, implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM) in vocational education can provide a comparative advantage in preparing the type of work force required for micro and macro economic reforms. The concept of TQM can be used as a management tool to improve the standards of vocational training.…

Navaratnam, K. K.; Mountney, Peter

349

Implications of Total Quality Management in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Total Quality Management in Education is a systems model that involves internal and external stakeholders in developing practices, establishing partnership teams, enhancing individual growth, and increasing communication. Walk the Talk in Texas is an example of successful application of the model. (SK)

Wiedmer, Terry L.; Harris, Vicki L.

1997-01-01

350

Implementing Total Quality Management in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document offers administrators a concise approach to the various theories of total quality management (TQM) and the tools necessary to implement these theories at postsecondary educational institutions. The book is divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the principles of TQM by briefly: (1) reviewing the ideas of TQM leaders; and…

Cornesky, Robert; And Others

351

Total Quality Management: Implications for Educational Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deming's "System of Profound Knowledge" is even more fundamental than his 14-principle system transformation guide and is based on 4 elements: systems theory, statistical variation, a theory of knowledge, and psychology. Management should revamp total system processes so that quality of product is continually improved. Implications for educational

Rankin, Stuart C.

1992-01-01

352

Live lecture versus video podcast in undergraduate medical education: A randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Information technology is finding an increasing role in the training of medical students. We compared information recall and student experience and preference after live lectures and video podcasts in undergraduate medical education. Methods We performed a crossover randomised controlled trial. 100 students were randomised to live lecture or video podcast for one clinical topic. Live lectures were given by the same instructor as the narrator of the video podcasts. The video podcasts comprised Powerpoint™ slides narrated using the same script as the lecture. They were then switched to the other group for a second clinical topic. Knowledge was assessed using multiple choice questions and qualitative information was collected using a questionnaire. Results No significant difference was found on multiple choice questioning immediately after the session. The subjects enjoyed the convenience of the video podcast and the ability to stop, review and repeat it, but found it less engaging as a teaching method. They expressed a clear preference for the live lecture format. Conclusions We suggest that video podcasts are not ready to replace traditional teaching methods, but may have an important role in reinforcing learning and aiding revision.

2010-01-01

353

Qualitative analysis of the overhand throw by undergraduates in education using a distance learning computer program.  

PubMed

The purpose was to (a) examine whether computer-based distance learning could enhance the qualitative analysis skills (error detection in the overhand throw) of undergraduates in education and (b) examine the effectiveness of several methods of information presentation (video file and text) on distance learning. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups, to detect errors in an incorrect throwing motion of a model on the computer screen. Group 1 (n=13) was the control; Group 2 (n=13) viewed a video of the appropriate throwing mechanics; Group 3 (n=13) viewed text information describing the appropriate mechanics of the overhand throw; and Group 4 (n=16) received a combination of video and text information. On Day 1 participants took a pretest. Treatment and testing occurred on Days 2 through 8. Then 5 days later participants took a retention test. One-way analysis of variance confirmed no significant differences between groups at Pretest (Day 1). An analysis of variance with repeated measures indicated learning over practice. Paired-sample t tests between Days 1 and 8 showed the video plus text group without significant change. PMID:14738367

McKethan, Robert N; Kernodle, Michael W; Brantz, Douglas; Fischer, Joseph

2003-12-01

354

Medical faculties educational network: multidimensional quality assessment.  

PubMed

Today, World Wide Web technology provides many opportunities in the disclosure of electronic learning and teaching content. The MEFANET project (MEdical FAculties NETwork) has initiated international, effective and open cooperation among all Czech and Slovak medical faculties in the medical education fields. This paper introduces the original MEFANET educational web portal platform. Its main aim is to present the unique collaborative environment, which combines the sharing of electronic educational resources with the use tools for their quality evaluation. It is in fact a complex e-publishing system, which consists of ten standalone portal instances and one central gateway. The fundamental principles of the developed system and used technologies are reported here, as well as procedures of a new multidimensional quality assessment. PMID:22640818

Komenda, Martin; Schwarz, Daniel; Feberová, Jitka; Stípek, Stanislav; Mihál, Vladimír; Dušek, Ladislav

2012-12-01

355

New Awards Connect Higher Education and K-12 Classrooms  

NSF Publications Database

... Awards Connect Higher Education and K-12 Classrooms The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made a ... and secondary education and the quality of graduate and undergraduate education at the same time ...

356

Coping with diversity undergraduate public administration education in the 1980's  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the state of undergraduate public administration through an analysis of a survey of schools in the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration with undergraduate programs. The survey was based on a fourteen page questionnaire covering topics from background of faculty to required courses. The results confirm the diversity of the field. The diversity reflects

Lawrence F. Keller; Eleanor V. Laudicina

1982-01-01

357

Characteristics of Undergraduate Borrowers: 1999-2000. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes student borrowing by comparing different groups of undergraduate borrowers. Two sets of borrower groups are examined: (1) high, medium, low, and nonborrowers as defined by borrowing from all sources in 1999-2000 (excluding federal Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students and loans from family or friends); and (2) Stafford loan…

Clinedinst, Melissa E.; Cunningham, Alisa F.; Merisotis, Jamie P.

358

Is Quality Assurance in Higher Education Contextually Relative?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines notions of quality and quality assurance in higher education. It does this by raising questions such as whether quality in higher education is the same as, for example, quality of clothing or the quality of meat in local butcheries. The article questions the assumption that if certain things, such as criteria or…

Ntshoe, I.; Higgs, P.; Wolhuter, C. C.; Higgs, L. G.

2010-01-01

359

A Profile of the Introduction to Adapted Physical Education Course within Undergraduate Physical Education Teacher Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe the profile, content, delivery mechanism, and application of teaching standards, National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) and Adapted Physical Education National Standards (APENS), within the Introduction to Adapted Physical Education (APE) course for college/university PETE preparation…

Piletic, Cindy K.; Davis, Ron

2010-01-01

360

Reengineering Education with Quality: Using Quality Concepts, Techniques, and Tools To Improve Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist educators in formulating Total Quality Improvement (TQI) plans, this book examines the processes of TQI, which allow for the review of college administration, student services, teaching, and institutional culture, and provides information on its implementation at two-year colleges. Chapter 1 describes background to educational

Spanbauer, Stanley J.

361

Evaluating the Quality of Education at Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Background: Educational evaluation is a process which deals with data collection and assessment of academic activities’ progress. In this research, educational evaluation of Dentistry School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, which trains students in undergraduate and residency courses, was studied. Methods: This descriptive study was done with a model of educational evaluation in ten steps and 13 fields including purposes and mission objectives, management and organization, academic board members, students, human resources and support, educational, research, health and treatment spaces, educational, diagnostic, research and laboratory tools, educational, research, health and treatment programs and courses, process of teaching and learning, evaluation and assessment, alumni, and patients satisfaction. Data were collected using observation, interviews, questionnaires, and checklists. Results: Results of the study were mainly qualitative and in some cases quantitative, based on defined optimal situation. The total mean of qualitative results of educational evaluation of dentistry school in all 13 fields was 55.98% which is relatively desirable. In the case of quantitative ones, results of some fields such as treatment quality of patients and education and learning of the students were relatively desirable (61.32% and 60.16% respectively). Conclusion: According to the results, educational goals and missions, educational and research facilities and spaces which were identified as the weakest areas need to be considered and paid more serious attention.

Farzianpour, Fereshteh; Monzavi, Abbas; Yassini, Esmaeil

2011-01-01

362

The Academic Voice in English and Czech Higher Education Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper sets out to report on a research project investigating the academic voice in higher education quality in the UK and the Czech Republic. It aims to describe the origins and reasons for introducing quality monitoring and assurance into higher education, showing the differences and impacts on higher education quality in England…

Mertova, Patricie; Webster, Len

2009-01-01

363

A QUALITY AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION PROGRAM: A NATIONAL DELPHI STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current body of knowledge concerning Agricultural Education quality in regards to its three components is not consistent and total program quality has not been defined scientifically. The purpose of this study was to determine quality indicators for instruction, SAE, and FFA according to experts (agricultural education teacher educators, state instructional staff, and high school teachers) across the United States.

Charles Cordell Jenkins III

2008-01-01

364

Need-based undergraduate medical curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing concern over the quality of medical education for undergraduates in India. This paper is an attempt to\\u000a define a need-based curriculum and outline the initiatives taken by the Medical Council of India (M.C.I.) in developing a\\u000a need-based curriculum. The steps include: clear delineation of goals and objectives of education; adoption of innovative teaching\\u000a and learning methodology,

S. K. Kacker; B. V. Adkoli

1993-01-01

365

Expanding Course Goals Beyond Disciplinary Boundaries: Physiology Education in an Undergraduate Course on Psychoactive Drugs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The topic of psychoactive drugs is one of inherent interest to college students. We used this insight to design and implement a multidisciplinary undergraduate course with psychoactive drugs as the central theme.

Joseph A. Near (Indiana University School of Medicine Medical Sciences); PhD Bruce J. Martin (Indiana University School of Medicine Medical Sciences Program)

2007-06-01

366

Academic Research and Teaching Quality: The Views of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Undergraduate and graduate students in the United Kingdom participated in structured discussions of the effects of lecturer research activity on student learning. Both groups offered a preponderance of positive comments over negative ones. Articulated benefits of lecturer research included enhanced knowledge currency, credibility, competence in…

Lindsay, Roger; Breen, Rosanna; Jenkins, Alan

2002-01-01

367

The Quality-Interactivity Relationship in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses elements that help define the term "quality" in distance education, emphasizing the need for interaction between all components in the process. Topics include three generations of distance education; quality as process management; the relationship between technology, interactivity, and quality; cost-quality ratio; and cost-benefits…

Trentin, Guglielmo

2000-01-01

368

The Idea of Quality in Higher Education: A Conceptual Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper suggests that the idea of quality in higher education is ideologically constructed and conducted. In a spiral of mutual reinforcements, quality regimes naturalise experience, while the theories of that practice legitimise the naturalness of "quality". I shall suggest that quality regimes provide too narrow readings of higher education.…

Filippakou, Ourania

2011-01-01

369

728: Indoor Air Quality in French Educational Buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indoor air quality and ventilation rates in educational buildings affect users' health and comfort. The occupational density is high in educational buildings, that is why proper ventilation and suitable indoor air quality have prevailing importance in providing healthy indoor environment which promotes children's concentration and performance. The indoor air quality is function of numerous parameters: the outdoor air quality, the

Agota Szucs

2008-01-01

370

Pleasure and Pain: Teaching Neuroscientific Principles of Hedonism in a Large General Education Undergraduate Course  

PubMed Central

In a large (250 registrants) general education lecture course, neuroscience principles were taught by two professors as co-instructors, starting with simple brain anatomy, chemistry, and function, proceeding to basic brain circuits of pleasure and pain, and progressing with fellow expert professors covering relevant philosophical, artistic, marketing, and anthropological issues. With this as a base, the course wove between fields of high relevance to psychology and neuroscience, such as food addiction and preferences, drug seeking and craving, analgesic pain-inhibitory systems activated by opiates and stress, neuroeconomics, unconscious decision-making, empathy, and modern neuroscientific techniques (functional magnetic resonance imaging and event-related potentials) presented by the co-instructors and other Psychology professors. With no formal assigned textbook, all lectures were PowerPoint-based, containing links to supplemental public-domain material. PowerPoints were available on Blackboard several days before the lecture. All lectures were also video-recorded and posted that evening. The course had a Facebook page for after-class conversation and one of the co-instructors communicated directly with students on Twitter in real time during lecture to provide momentary clarification and comment. In addition to graduate student Teaching Assistants (TAs), to allow for small group discussion, ten undergraduate students who performed well in a previous class were selected to serve as discussion leaders. The Discussion Leaders met four times at strategic points over the semester with groups of 20–25 current students, and received one credit of Independent Study, thus creating a course within a course. The course grade was based on weighted scores from two multiple-choice exams and a five-page writing assignment in which each student reviewed three unique, but brief original peer-review research articles (one page each) combined with expository writing on the first and last pages. A draft of the first page, collected early in the term, was returned to each student by graduate TAs to provide individual feedback on scientific writing. Overall the course has run three times at ful or near enrollment capacity despite being held at an 8:00 AM time slot. Student-generated teaching evaluations place it well within the normal range, while this format importantly contributes to budget efficiency permitting the teaching of more required small-format courses (e.g., freshman writing). The demographics of the course have changed to one in which the vast majority of the students are now outside the disciplines of neuroscience or psychology and are taking the course to fulfill a General Education requirement. This pattern allows the wide dissemination of basic neuroscientific knowledge to a general college audience.

Bodnar, Richard J.; Stellar, James R.; Kraft, Tamar T.; Loiacono, Ilyssa; Bajnath, Adesh; Rotella, Francis M.; Barrientos, Alicia; Aghanori, Golshan; Olsson, Kerstin; Coke, Tricia; Huang, Donald; Luger, Zeke; Mousavi, Seyed Ali Reza; Dindyal, Trisha; Naqvi, Naveen; Kim, Jung-Yo

2013-01-01

371

Pleasure and pain: teaching neuroscientific principles of hedonism in a large general education undergraduate course.  

PubMed

In a large (250 registrants) general education lecture course, neuroscience principles were taught by two professors as co-instructors, starting with simple brain anatomy, chemistry, and function, proceeding to basic brain circuits of pleasure and pain, and progressing with fellow expert professors covering relevant philosophical, artistic, marketing, and anthropological issues. With this as a base, the course wove between fields of high relevance to psychology and neuroscience, such as food addiction and preferences, drug seeking and craving, analgesic pain-inhibitory systems activated by opiates and stress, neuroeconomics, unconscious decision-making, empathy, and modern neuroscientific techniques (functional magnetic resonance imaging and event-related potentials) presented by the co-instructors and other Psychology professors. With no formal assigned textbook, all lectures were PowerPoint-based, containing links to supplemental public-domain material. PowerPoints were available on Blackboard several days before the lecture. All lectures were also video-recorded and posted that evening. The course had a Facebook page for after-class conversation and one of the co-instructors communicated directly with students on Twitter in real time during lecture to provide momentary clarification and comment. In addition to graduate student Teaching Assistants (TAs), to allow for small group discussion, ten undergraduate students who performed well in a previous class were selected to serve as discussion leaders. The Discussion Leaders met four times at strategic points over the semester with groups of 20-25 current students, and received one credit of Independent Study, thus creating a course within a course. The course grade was based on weighted scores from two multiple-choice exams and a five-page writing assignment in which each student reviewed three unique, but brief original peer-review research articles (one page each) combined with expository writing on the first and last pages. A draft of the first page, collected early in the term, was returned to each student by graduate TAs to provide individual feedback on scientific writing. Overall the course has run three times at ful or near enrollment capacity despite being held at an 8:00 AM time slot. Student-generated teaching evaluations place it well within the normal range, while this format importantly contributes to budget efficiency permitting the teaching of more required small-format courses (e.g., freshman writing). The demographics of the course have changed to one in which the vast majority of the students are now outside the disciplines of neuroscience or psychology and are taking the course to fulfill a General Education requirement. This pattern allows the wide dissemination of basic neuroscientific knowledge to a general college audience. PMID:24319388

Bodnar, Richard J; Stellar, James R; Kraft, Tamar T; Loiacono, Ilyssa; Bajnath, Adesh; Rotella, Francis M; Barrientos, Alicia; Aghanori, Golshan; Olsson, Kerstin; Coke, Tricia; Huang, Donald; Luger, Zeke; Mousavi, Seyed Ali Reza; Dindyal, Trisha; Naqvi, Naveen; Kim, Jung-Yo

2013-01-01

372

Undergraduate spacecraft design projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

A problem associated with space education in undergraduate and graduate curricula is the very nature of space engineering. The history of space tells a story of thousands of engineers from a broad spectrum of engineering disciplines along with physicists, chemists, and so on involved from the beginning of space exploration. It is extremely difficult to introduce design into the undergraduate

A. Helfrick

2006-01-01

373

Relationships between undergraduates' argumentation skills, conceptual quality of problem solutions, and problem solving strategies in introductory physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored the effects of alternative forms of argumentation on undergraduates' physics solutions in introductory calculus-based physics. A two-phase concurrent mixed methods design was employed to investigate relationships between undergraduates' written argumentation abilities, conceptual quality of problem solutions, as well as approaches and strategies for solving argumentative physics problems across multiple physics topics. Participants were assigned via stratified sampling to one of three conditions (control, guided construct, or guided evaluate) based on gender and pre-test scores on a conceptual instrument. The guided construct and guided evaluate groups received tasks and prompts drawn from literature to facilitate argument construction or evaluation. Using a multiple case study design, with each condition serving as a case, interviews were conducted consisting of a think-aloud problem solving session paired with a semi-structured interview. The analysis of problem solving strategies was guided by the theoretical framework on epistemic games adapted by Tuminaro and Redish (2007). This study provides empirical evidence that integration of written argumentation into physics problems can potentially improve the conceptual quality of solutions, expand their repertoire of problem solving strategies and show promise for addressing the gender gap in physics. The study suggests further avenues for research in this area and implications for designing and implementing argumentation tasks in introductory college physics.

Rebello, Carina M.

374

Enhancing Leadership Quality. TQ Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching Quality (TQ) Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality is an online resource developed by the TQ Center. It is designed to help education practitioners tap into strategies and resources they can use to enhance educator quality. This publication is based on the TQ Source Tips & Tools topic area "Enhancing…

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008

2008-01-01

375

The need for education on health related-quality of life  

PubMed Central

Background Health-related quality of life is increasingly recognised as an important outcome measure that complements existing measures of clinical effectiveness. The education available on this subject for different healthcare professionals is varied. This article describes the design, implementation and evaluation of a Special Study Module on Health-Related Quality of Life for undergraduate medical students at the University of Birmingham. Methods The course involves 10 hours of "guided discovery learning" covering core concepts of Health-Related Quality of Life assessment including methodological considerations, use in clinical trials, routine practice and in health policy followed by self-directed learning. The taught components aim to provide students with the skills and knowledge to enable them to explore and evaluate the use of quality of life assessments in a particular patient group, or setting, through self-directed learning supported by tutorials. Results The use of case studies, recent publications and research, and discussion with a research oncology nurse in task-based learning appeared to provide students with a stimulating environment in which to develop their ideas and was reflected in the diverse range of subjects chosen by students for self-directed study and the positive feedback on the module. Course evaluation and student assessment suggests that quality of life education appears to integrate well within the medical curriculum and allows students to develop and utilise skills of time-management and independent, self-directed learning that can be applied in any context. Conclusion We suggest that education and training initiatives in quality of life may improve the quality of studies, and help bridge the gap between research and clinical practice. Resources for curriculum development on health-related quality of life have been developed by the International Society for Quality of Life Research and may prove a useful tool to educators interested in this area.

Calvert, Melanie J; Skelton, John R

2008-01-01

376

Evaluation of existing curriculum (2002) of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This study was conducted for evaluation of existing MBBS curriculum (2002) of undergraduate medical education in Bangladesh. The specific objectives of this study were: i) to assess the subject wise course content coverage in the new MBBS curriculum, ii) to assess different examination system for evaluation of MBBS students, iii) to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching and learning activities under the curriculum, iv) to explore students opinions regarding improvement of new curriculum. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The study was conducted among the students of Dhaka medical colleges of Bangladesh in 2008. Data was collected by self administered structured questioner adopting convenient sampling method. About ninety percent students opined that the coverage of course content of subjects in the curriculum in Phase I was enough. In case of the subjects in phase II except community medicine more than four fifth of the students expressed their opinion about coverage of course content in the curriculum as enough. In case of phase III it was mentioned by most of the students that coverage of course content was enough. Study revealed that teaching methods were perceived suitable by about three fourth of the respondents, to achieve learning objectives. Most of the students expressed their positive views regarding practice of block posting teaching. More than three fourth of the students perceived that formative assessment was encouraging for students to become time bound learner and Structured Oral Examination (SOE) was fair on an average. Only 31(8.6%) of the respondents had opinion that Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE)/Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) was not well organized. About half of the students opined that 20% marks in written test should be allocated for Multiple Choice Question (MCQ). Students' suggestions regarding teaching were: there should be smaller group sessions; more interactive sessions; more clinical and practical sessions; more problem oriented sessions; more sessions with senior and experienced teachers; teachers should follow the curriculum properly; and should be well prepared for class. Regarding assessment suggestions were: written script of the formative examination should be returned to students with feedback; teachers should not be biased. Study recommended that training of the teachers on teaching methodology and assessment system is needed; teachers should provide feedback to the students according to the performance of the formative assessment at the individual level; to maintain the standards of assessment proper planning, designing, conduction and evaluation of assessment should be taken into consideration; subject wise review and updating is essential to make the curriculum more need based, user friendly and applicable considering context of Bangladesh. PMID:21522092

Hussain, M M; Talukder, H K; Moazzem, N; Rashid, A; Hanif, A; Nargis, T

2011-04-01

377

Going from lectures to expeditions: Creating a virtual voyage in undergraduate ocean science education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The WWW provides for new collaborations in distributed learning in higher education. The lead author has developed a highly successful online course at the undergraduate level with an enrollment of more than 300 non-science majors each year, We are currently initiating a new focus for the course by emphasizing sea-going research, primarily in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, through the development of a virtual oceanographic voyage over the WWW. The "virtual voyage" courseware combines elements of experiential learning with anytime, anywhere access of the WWW to stimulate inquiry-based learning in the ocean sciences. The first leg of the voyage is currently being synthesized from contemporary ocean research sponsored by a collaboration of U.S. government agencies, including NSF, NOAA, and the USGS. The initial portion of this effort involves transforming portions of USGS Circular 1198, Beyond the Golden Gate -- Oceanography, Geology, Biology, and Environmental Issues in the Gulf of the Farallones, into an interactive expedition by which students participate as scientists aboard a research vessel departing from San Francisco. Virtual experiments on the voyage are patterned after research cruises over the past decade in two national marine sanctuaries and include the technologies of data acquisition and data analysis, as well as providing insight into the methodologies of working marine scientists. Real-time data for monitoring the marine environment are embedded into several modules; for example, students will analyze data from offshore buoys and satellite imagery to assess ocean conditions prior to departing from port. Multibeam sonar is used to create seafloor maps near the Golden Gate Bridge and sediment cores provide evidence of sea-level change in the region. Environmental studies in the region include locating canisters of low-level radioactive waste and assessing potential sites for the disposal for dredged materials from the San Francisco Bay. Upon completion of these studies, the voyage turns northward to examine the seismic potential of the Cascadia subduction zone and hydrothermal vent communities on the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Although the project takes advantage of the natural interest of students in California through a geographic focus, it may also serve as a template for creating similar learning environments based elsewhere in the world.

Reed, D.; Garfield, N.; Locke, J.; Anglin, J.; Karl, H.; Edwards, B.

2003-04-01

378

INFLUENCING HEALTHCARE QUALITY: EDUCATING PATIENTS, NURSES, AND STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

65 Education is a critically important enterprise to the healthcare system and is presumed to directly affect the quality of patient care, systems functions, and institutional efficiency. It can be expensive to develop quality educa- tion programs and also expensive to educate poorly. High costs associated with a failure to educate include the select liabilities associated with fail- ures in

Patti Rager Zuzelo

379

Healthy Water Healthy People Water Quality Educators Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 200-page activity guide for educators of students in grades six through university level raises the awareness and understanding of water quality issues and their relationship to personal, public and environmental health. "Healthy Water Healthy People Water Quality Educators Guide" will help educators address science standards through 25…

Project WET Foundation, 2003

2003-01-01

380

Educational attainment, perceived control and the quality of women's diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Data from the Southampton Women's Survey have established that women of lower educational attainment have poorer quality diets than those of higher educational attainment. This relationship is strong and graded such that for every increase in level of educational qualification, there is an increase in the likelihood that a woman will have a better quality diet. It is not

Mary Barker; Wendy Lawrence; Sarah Crozier; Siân Robinson; Janis Baird; Barrie Margetts; Cyrus Cooper

2009-01-01

381

Continuous Improvement and Quality: Implications for Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the literature pertaining to total Quality management and its application in educational settings, especially at institutions of higher education. The review is organized into the following topical areas: the concept of “quality” (usually involving customer satisfaction, executive-level leadership, and employee involvement); TQM philosophy (including use of cross-functional teams), the Baldridge Educational Pilot Program (with 11 criteria for

Brian Satterlee

1996-01-01

382

Oregon's Quality Education Model: Linking Adequacy and Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes development of the Oregon Quality Education model, an adequacy-funding model. Explores the rationale behind its development as well as the political and economic realities policymakers face in attempting to determine how much money Oregon's schools would need to meet state education reform goals and provide a quality education to all…

Conley, David T.; Picus, Lawrence O.

2003-01-01

383

Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Engineering Education in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a study of the quality assurance and accreditation in the Jordanian higher education sector and focuses mainly on engineering education. It presents engineering education, accreditation and quality assurance in Jordan and considers the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) for a case study. The study highlights the…

Aqlan, Faisal; Al-Araidah, Omar; Al-Hawari, Tarek

2010-01-01

384

Quality Assurance in Transnational Higher Education. ENQA Workshop Report 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present report is the product of an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Bologna Seminar "Quality Assurance in Transnational Education: from words to action" hosted by the Quality Assurance Agency (QAA, UK) in London in December, 2008. The seminar discussed the current trends in Transnational landscapes, the…

Bennett, Paul; Bergan, Sjur; Cassar, Daniela; Hamilton, Marlene; Soinila, Michele; Sursock, Andree; Uvalic-Trumbic, Stamenka; Williams, Peter

2010-01-01

385

Examination of the Dimensions of Quality in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, numerous studies in the field of service quality have been carried out. However, relatively few studies have addressed the specific context of higher education. The purpose of this study has been to examine what dimensions constitute quality in higher education and to compare these with the dimensions of quality that have been…

Lagrosen, Stefan; Seyyed-Hashemi, Roxana; Leitner, Markus

2004-01-01

386

Assessing Quality in Further and Higher Education. Higher Education Policy Series 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the issues of educational quality from a British perspective considering how educational quality can be evaluated within the higher education system. It is intended for managers of colleges and universities where quality control is exercised and provides scientific techniques which will allow them to maintain and improve their…

Ashworth, Allan; Harvey, Roger

387

Benchmarking Potential Factors Leading to Education Quality: A Study of Cambodian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To study the quality in higher education in Cambodia and explore the potential factors leading to quality in Cambodian higher education. Design/methodology/approach: Five main factors that were deemed relevant in providing quality in Cambodian higher education were proposed: academic curriculum and extra-curricular activities, teachers'…

Chen, Ching-Yaw; Sok, Phyra; Sok, Keomony

2007-01-01

388

Comparison of Indicators of Educational Quality among Institutions of Higher Education in El Salvador.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

El Salvador has a new higher education law that established minimum requirements for educational quality. Analyzing data from El Salvador's 39 private universities made available by the country's Ministry of Education, this study assesses educational quality among these universities, especially addressing the effect of the size of the university…

Munoz, Marco A.; Egginton, Everett

389

Facebook and Issues of Professionalism in Undergraduate Nursing Education: Risky Business or Risk Worth Taking?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this exploratory investigation was to share the strengths, challenges, and tensions of using Facebook in an undergraduate nursing program. The observations presented have emerged from information shared by study participants and the professional insights of the three researcher-authors who represent perspectives from nursing,…

Killam, Laura Anne; Carter, Lorraine; Graham, Rob

2013-01-01

390

Cooperative Learning, Jigsaw Strategies, and Reflections of Graduate and Undergraduate Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classes of undergraduate and graduate students assigned to three professors were used to experience cooperative learning, jigsaw strategies, and to reflect on the process that occurred over a semester. The work is based upon theories of social interdependence, cognitive development, and behavioral learning. Pre- and post surveys were completed by…

Morgan, Bobbette M.; Rodriguez, Alma D.; Rosenberg, Graciela P.

2008-01-01

391

What Should Be the Role of Afroamerican Education in the Undergraduate Curriculum?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current undergraduate curricula seem alien to black students, many of whom come from disadvantaged environments in the US and do not identify with courses applicable to a white societal structure. Unfortunately, many US history books have either glossed over or omitted the many contributions of black citizens to society with which black students…

Hare, Nathan

392

On the Edge of Mathematics and Biology Integration: Improving Quantitative Skills in Undergraduate Biology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the authors describe how two institutions are helping their undergraduate biology students build quantitative competencies. Incorporation of quantitative skills and reasoning in biology are framed through a discussion of two cases that both concern introductory biology courses, but differ in the complexity of the mathematics and the…

Feser, Jason; Vasaly, Helen; Herrera, Jose

2013-01-01

393

UNDERGRADUATE MFL TEACHER-TRAINING PROGRAMS IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES OF EDUCATION--A SURVEY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

INFORMATION IS PRESENTED BASED ON RESPONSES OF 203 DEPARTMENT CHAIRMEN TO A QUESTIONNAIRE STUDYING THE TRAINING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHERS AT THE UNDERGRADUATE LEVEL. SUBJECTS SURVEYED WERE COURSE REQUIREMENTS, PROFICIENCY TESTS, METHODS COURSES, PRACTICE TEACHING, NUMBER OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE GRADUATES, AND PLANS FOR CHANGES IN THE TEACHER…

PAQUETTE, F. ANDRE

394

Research and Teaching: Blooming, SOLO Taxonomy, and Phenomenography as Assessment Strategies in Undergraduate Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three alternative approaches to assessment of exam responses were applied in an undergraduate biochemistry course. First, phenomenography was used to categorize written exam responses into an inclusive hierarchy. Second, responses to the same question were similarly categorized according to the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO)…

Newton, Genevieve; Martin, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

395

Leadership Education Reconsidered: Examining Self-Perceived Leadership Styles and Motivation Sources among Undergraduate Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships between undergraduate leaders' self-perceptions of their transformational and transactional leadership behaviors and their sources of work motivation. The sample was comprised of 145 elected and appointed leaders at a mid-west university. The survey included both the Motivation Sources Inventory and the…

Wagner, David N.

2010-01-01

396

What Faculty Think–Exploring the Barriers to Information Literacy Development in Undergraduate Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings from a recent Irish-based study into faculty–librarian collaboration for information literacy (IL) development. Qualitative analysis of comments made by Sociology and Civil Engineering academics shows how entrenched beliefs and perceptions may adversely affect the potential for collaboration, and prevent the inclusion of information literacy in undergraduate curricula.

Claire McGuinness

2006-01-01

397

Reflections on the Use of Autovideography in an Undergraduate Education Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a recent study of undergraduates' use of information and communication technologies to support their academic work, we asked students to make video recordings of their personal study sessions. Our motivation was to capture their study practice as it occurred rather than relying solely on self-reports of their perceived or remembered practice.…

Butson, Russell; Thomson, Carla

2011-01-01

398

The Values Profile of Nursing Undergraduate Students: Implications for Education and Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Values Scale results were compared for 152 nursing and 111 management undergraduates. Personal development and altruism were most important for nursing students, who had significantly lower means than the management sample on a t-test for lifestyle, advancement, autonomy, authority, creativity, economic, and risk values. (SK)

Thorpe, Karran; Loo, Robert

2003-01-01

399

Project-Based Learning in Education through an Undergraduate Lab Exercise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three undergraduate students functioned as teaching assistants in unit ops lab for their senior project, which included developing a purchased size exclusion chromatography experiment, supervising the running of this experiment, and assisting the junior students with their calculations. They also read the reports, graded them, and commented on…

Joye, Donald D.; Hoffman, Adam; Christie, Jacqueline; Brown, Mayo; Niemczyk, Jennifer

2011-01-01

400

Association between Facebook Dependence and Poor Sleep Quality: A Study in a Sample of Undergraduate Students in Peru  

PubMed Central

Objectives Internet can accelerate information exchange. Social networks are the most accessed especially Facebook. This kind of networks might create dependency with several negative consequences in people’s life. The aim of this study was to assess potential association between Facebook dependence and poor sleep quality. Methodology/Principal Findings A cross sectional study was performed enrolling undergraduate students of the Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru. The Internet Addiction Questionnaire, adapted to the Facebook case, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, were used. A global score of 6 or greater was defined as the cutoff to determine poor sleep quality. Generalized linear model were used to determine prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). A total of 418 students were analyzed; of them, 322 (77.0%) were women, with a mean age of 20.1 (SD: 2.5) years. Facebook dependence was found in 8.6% (95% CI: 5.9%–11.3%), whereas poor sleep quality was present in 55.0% (95% CI: 50.2%–59.8%). A significant association between Facebook dependence and poor sleep quality mainly explained by daytime dysfunction was found (PR?=?1.31; IC95%: 1.04–1.67) after adjusting for age, sex and years in the faculty. Conclusions There is a relationship between Facebook dependence and poor quality of sleep. More than half of students reported poor sleep quality. Strategies to moderate the use of this social network and to improve sleep quality in this population are needed.

Wolniczak, Isabella; Caceres-DelAguila, Jose Alonso; Palma-Ardiles, Gabriela; Arroyo, Karen J.; Solis-Visscher, Rodrigo; Paredes-Yauri, Stephania; Mego-Aquije, Karina; Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio

2013-01-01

401

Quality in Science Education: How Can We Manage It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Education Conference of the Association for Science Education held in April, 1994 that looked at some current perceptions of science and science education. Considers the role of the Association in enhancing the image of science and the quality of science education. (JRH)

Whitehouse, Mary

1994-01-01

402

Evidence-based nursing education: effective use of instructional design and simulated learning environments to enhance knowledge transfer in undergraduate nursing students.  

PubMed

Much confidence has been placed in the nursing profession's potential to positively impact the U.S. health care system. However, concerns about patient safety and quality beckon health care providers to reassess traditional practices. Professional nursing programs aim to prepare novice nurses with strong clinical skills to effectively and safely care for patients. Faculty shortages and fewer clinical sites for students present challenges to faculty. Limited exposure in the clinical practice setting hinders the development of intuition. In addition, new graduates often enter practice with an unclear understanding of their role at the bedside. Educators are challenged to find innovative teaching strategies to effectively prepare new graduates for entering the workforce. Simulation has been shown to be a valuable teaching-learning strategy. Using an instructional design model that is student centered as the basis for simulation activities in an undergraduate curriculum is one method to effectively provide much needed clinical experience in a safe learning environment. This article details the application of the ADDIE (analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation) model of instructional design to the use of simulation in nursing education in an effort to facilitate improved clinical performance in new graduate nurses. PMID:23910921

Robinson, Bridget K; Dearmon, Valorie

2013-01-01

403

Identifying barriers to Science, Technology, Society and environment (STSE) educational goals and pedagogy in science education: A case study of UMASS Lowell undergraduate engineering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The implementation of sustainable development in higher education is a global trend. Engineers, as gatekeepers of technological innovation, confront increasingly complex world issues ranging from economic and social to political and environmental. Recently, a multitude of government reports have argued that solving such complex problems requires changes in the pedagogy of engineering education, such as that prescribed by the Science, Technology, Society, and education (STS) movement that grew out of the environmental movement in the 70s. In STS students are engaged in the community by understanding that scientific progress is innately a sociopolitical process that involves dimensions of power, wealth and responsibility. United States accreditation criteria now demand "the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context" (ABET Engineering Accreditation Commission 2005). With such emphasis on STS education as necessary to address complex world issues, it is vital to assess the barriers in the traditional engineering curriculum that may inhibit the success of such educational reform. This study identifies barriers to STS goals and pedagogy in post secondary science education by using the Francis College of Engineering at UMASS Lowell as a single case study. The study draws on existing literature to develop a theoretical framework for assessing four hypothesized barriers to STS education in undergraduate engineering. Identification of barriers to STS education in engineering generates a critical reflection of post secondary science education and its role in preparing engineers to be active citizens in shaping a rapidly globalizing world. The study offers policy recommendations for enabling post secondary science education to incorporate STS education into its curriculum.

Phaneuf, Tiffany

404

Quality and safety education for advanced nursing practice.  

PubMed

The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project is a national initiative to transform nursing education to integrate quality and safety competencies. This article describes a two-year process to generate educational objectives related to quality and safety competency development in graduate programs that prepare advanced practice nurses in clinical roles. Knowledge, skills, and attitudes for each of 6 competencies are proposed to stimulate development of teaching strategies in programs preparing the next generation of advanced practice nurses. PMID:19942035

Cronenwett, Linda; Sherwood, Gwen; Pohl, Joanne; Barnsteiner, Jane; Moore, Shirley; Sullivan, Dori Taylor; Ward, Deborah; Warren, Judith

2009-01-01

405

The Academic Quality Handbook: Enhancing Higher Education in Universities and Further Education Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended as an introduction to the management of quality assurance and enhancement in higher education, particularly in England. The text focuses on the relationship between institutional quality assurance and the auditing authority of the British Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. The chapters of part 1, "The Quality

McGhee, Patrick

406

Curriculum Reform: Quality in Basic Education. Background/Policy Paper. Improving the Quality of Basic Education. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the 1990 meeting of the Ministers of Education of the Commonwealth of Nations was improving the quality of basic education. Basic education was defined as "the activities of primary and junior secondary schools, and of programmes of out-of-school education at an equivalent level, both for children and for adults." This preconference…

Bacchus, Kazim; And Others

407

Undergraduate research in medical education: a descriptive study of students' views  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students engage in curricular and extracurricular activities, including undergraduate research (UR). The advantages, difficulties and motivations for medical students pursuing research activities during their studies have rarely been addressed. In Brazil, some medical schools have included undergraduate research into their curriculum. The present study aimed to understand the reality of scientific practice among medical students at a well-established Brazilian medical school, analyzing this context from the students’ viewpoint. Methods A cross-sectional survey based on a questionnaire applied to students from years one to six enrolled in an established Brazilian medical school that currently has no curricular UR program. Results The questionnaire was answered by 415 students, 47.2% of whom were involved in research activities, with greater participation in UR in the second half of the course. Independent of student involvement in research activities, time constraints were cited as the main obstacle to participation. Among students not involved in UR, 91.1% said they favored its inclusion in the curriculum, since this would facilitate the development of such activity. This approach could signify an approximation between the axes of teaching and research. Among students who had completed at least one UR project, 87.7% said they would recommend the activity to students entering the course. Conclusion Even without an undergraduate research program, students of this medical school report strong involvement in research activities, but discussion of the difficulties inherent in its practice is important to future developments.

2014-01-01

408

Quality Systems and ISO 9000 in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines quality assurance systems in higher education in general and of ISO 9000, a set of international quality standards, in particular. Reports on a survey of 23 institutions worldwide concerning implementation of quality systems and application of the ISO 9000 standards. Concludes that while institutions have found the quality assurance…

Lundquist, Robert

1997-01-01

409

Total Quality Management in Higher Education: Panacea or Placebo?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is argued that, despite the special character of higher education and its institutions, the principles of the Total Quality Management approach (continuous improvement, consistent quality, staff/student participation, meeting customer needs, coordination, management procedures that detect poor quality and encourage good quality) can contribute…

Williams, Gareth

1993-01-01

410

How can we improve problem solving in undergraduate biology? Applying lessons from 30 years of physics education research.  

PubMed

If students are to successfully grapple with authentic, complex biological problems as scientists and citizens, they need practice solving such problems during their undergraduate years. Physics education researchers have investigated student problem solving for the past three decades. Although physics and biology problems differ in structure and content, the instructional purposes align closely: explaining patterns and processes in the natural world and making predictions about physical and biological systems. In this paper, we discuss how research-supported approaches developed by physics education researchers can be adopted by biologists to enhance student problem-solving skills. First, we compare the problems that biology students are typically asked to solve with authentic, complex problems. We then describe the development of research-validated physics curricula emphasizing process skills in problem solving. We show that solving authentic, complex biology problems requires many of the same skills that practicing physicists and biologists use in representing problems, seeking relationships, making predictions, and verifying or checking solutions. We assert that acquiring these skills can help biology students become competent problem solvers. Finally, we propose how biology scholars can apply lessons from physics education in their classrooms and inspire new studies in biology education research. PMID:23737623

Hoskinson, A-M; Caballero, M D; Knight, J K

2013-06-01

411

From Quality Assurance to Quality Enhancement in the European Higher Education Area  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2008-01-01

412

The Validity of a Composite of Nineteen Personality Variables in Differentiating between American World Class Olympic Contenders and Undergraduate Education Majors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 48 American Olympic contenders was compared with a sample of 63 undergraduate education majors with respect to scores on Cattell's Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire and on three other scales. The athletes appeared to be more dominant, suspicious, self-sufficient, tense, and less sensitive. (CTM)

Omizo, Michael M.; And Others

1979-01-01

413

Trends in Undergraduate Borrowing II: Federal Student Loans in 1995-96, 1999-2000, and 2003-04. Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Report. NCES 2008-179  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Postsecondary Education Descriptive Analysis Report uses data from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Studies (NPSAS:96, NPSAS:2000 and NPSAS:04) to examine trends in Stafford loan borrowing among undergraduates. NPSAS consists of nationally representative survey data that focus on student financial aid and the enrollment and background…

Wei, Christina Chang; Berkner, Lutz

2008-01-01

414

Reformulation of Engineering Education at Undergraduate Level in the Faculdad de Ingenieria y Ciencias Hidricas Universidad Nacional del Litoral--Water Resources and Engineering Degrees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explains the educational changes in the Water Resources Engineering program offered by the Universidad Nacional del Litoral in Santa Fe, Argentina, for the last 20 years at the undergraduate level. The need for modernizing the engineering teaching program occurred due to changes in the social system in which the concepts of development…

Theiler, Julio; Isla, Miguel; Arrillaga, Hugo; Ceirano, Eduardo; Lozeco, Cristobal

415

Shaping the Future: Strategies for Revitalizing Undergraduate Education. Proceedings from the National Working Conference (Washington, DC. July 11-13, 1996).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference, cosponsored by the NSF and the National Research Council (NRC), focused on developing and implementing strategies for improving undergraduate education in science, math, engineering and technology (SMET). Represented at the conference were various types of 2-year and 4-year institutions, private industry, professional societies,…

National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Directorate for Education and Human Resources.

416

An interprofessional education pilot program in maternity care: findings from an exploratory case study of undergraduate students.  

PubMed

An interprofessional team of maternity care providers and academics developed a pilot interprofessional education (IPE) program in maternity care for undergraduate students in nursing, midwifery and medicine. There are few published studies examining IPE programs in maternity care, particularly at the undergraduate level, that examine long-term outcomes. This paper outlines findings from a case study that explored how participation in an IPE program in maternity care may enhance student knowledge, skills/attitudes, and may promote their collaborative behavior in the practice setting. The program was launched at a Canadian urban teaching hospital and consisted of six workshops and two clinical shadowing experiences. Twenty-five semi-structured, in-depth interviews were completed with nine participants at various time points up to 20 months post-program. Qualitative analysis of transcripts revealed the emergence of four themes: relationship-building, confident communication, willingness to collaborate and woman/family-centered care. Participant statements about their intentions to continue practicing interprofessional collaboration more than a year post-program lend support to its sustained effectiveness. The provision of a safe learning environment, the use of small group learning techniques with mixed teaching strategies, augmented by exposure to an interprofessional faculty, contributed to the program's perceived success. PMID:22251306

Meffe, Filomena; Claire Moravac, Catherine; Espin, Sherry

2012-05-01

417

Development and Pilot Evaluation of a Cancer-Focused Summer Research Education Program for Navajo Undergraduate Students  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a 10-week cancer research education program for Navajo undergraduate students. The program was piloted at Diné College with 22 undergraduates (7 men, 15 women) in 2007 and 2008. Students completed a pre–post program survey assessing attitudes, opinions, and knowledge about research and about cancer. The program was found to be culturally acceptable and resulted in statistically significant changes in some of the attitudes and opinions about research and cancer. Combining all 13 knowledge items, there was a significant (p=0.002) change in the mean total correct percent from baseline [70.3 (SD=15.9)] to post-program [82.1 (SD=13.1)]. The curriculum was adapted for a new cancer prevention and control course now offered at Diné College, enhancing sustainability. Ultimately, these efforts may serve to build capacity in communities by developing a cadre of future Native American scientists to develop and implement cancer research.

Garrison, Edward R.; Bauer, Mark C.; Hosley, Brenda L.; Patten, Christi A.; Hughes, Christine A.; Trapp, Mary A.; Petersen, Wesley O.; Austin-Garrison, Martha A.; Bowman, Clarissa N.; Vierkant, Robert A.

2010-01-01

418

Exploring the Notion of Quality in Quality Higher Education Assessment in a Collaborative Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to contribute to the debate on the notion of quality in higher education with particular focus on "objectifying through articulation" the assessment of quality by professional experts. The article gives an overview of the differentiations of quality as used in higher education. It explores a substantial piece of…

Maguire, Kate; Gibbs, Paul

2013-01-01

419

Practical Seismology in Undergraduate Education: A Short-Term Seismic Deployment on the Big Island of Hawaii  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In June 2011, we deployed three broadband seismometers on and near Kilauea volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii as a pilot project in geophysical undergraduate education at Cal Poly Pomona. Although large-scale temporary seismic deployments are now fairly common, usually undergraduate students do not have a leading role. The main purpose of this specific field experiment was for the undergraduate students to be active participants, or even leaders, in the installation and data gathering process, and thus have true ownership of the recorded data. This pilot project is part of Cal Poly Pomona's growing undergraduate geophysics program, which includes significant components of practical fieldwork, using modern geophysical equipment, as well as computational analysis, both in keeping with the polytechnic approach of the university. In this seismological field experiment, eight Geology majors were directly responsible for installing the seismic equipment using three different types of deployment. One seismometer was installed in a large instrument vault close to Kilauea Caldera, the second was installed in a pre-built buried container and the final installation was completely free field, using basic supplies from a local hardware store to build a shelter. Students had been taught how to work with the equipment during an on campus hands-on tutorial session. The specific type of seismometers was specifically chosen for its relative ease and speed of deployment, thus enabling the students to carry out the entire installation process almost completely independently. They aligned and centered the seismometers, built shelters for seismometers and batteries, installed GPS sensors and checked that the instruments were functioning correctly using a laptop. During the deployment period, students were able to see some of the volcanic and tectonic processes that were being recorded on the seismometers in action and in the field. We visited the Hawaii Volcano Observatory; explored a large fault scarp, a lava tube, volcanic craters, shield volcanoes, tsunami sites and scoria cones; and observed the glow from the active Halemaumau lava lake. After six days, the seismometers were retrieved. During this short time period, they recorded the ground motion of a small crater edge collapse, tens of local earthquakes and the tremor associated with the rise and fall of the lava lake. The seismic waveforms are currently being analyzed and will be used for at least one senior thesis project.

Polet, J.; Thelen, W.; Greenwood, R.; Butcher, A.

2011-12-01

420

Is It the Intervention or the Students? Using Linear Regression to Control for Student Characteristics in Undergraduate STEM Education Research  

PubMed Central

Although researchers in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education are currently using several methods to analyze learning gains from pre- and posttest data, the most commonly used approaches have significant shortcomings. Chief among these is the inability to distinguish whether differences in learning gains are due to the effect of an instructional intervention or to differences in student characteristics when students cannot be assigned to control and treatment groups at random. Using pre- and posttest scores from an introductory biology course, we illustrate how the methods currently in wide use can lead to erroneous conclusions, and how multiple linear regression offers an effective framework for distinguishing the impact of an instructional intervention from the impact of student characteristics on test score gains. In general, we recommend that researchers always use student-level regression models that control for possible differences in student ability and preparation to estimate the effect of any nonrandomized instructional intervention on student performance.

Theobald, Roddy; Freeman, Scott

2014-01-01

421

Setting Quality Standards for Web-Based Continuing Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Continuing medical education (CME) on the Internet has grown steadily over the past several years. However, the quality of Web-based CME has received limited attention in the medical literature, and there have been few attempts to articulate quality standards. This article describes five sets of standards published in the distance education

Olson, Curtis A.; Shershneva, Marianna B.

2004-01-01

422

Managerial leadership for total quality improvement in UK higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to increase awareness of the critical role of “managerial leadership” in total quality management (TQM) implementation in UK higher education institutions (HEIs), and to encourage further research on how to sustain management and leadership best practices for total quality improvement in higher education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A critical review of the literature on

Augustus E. Osseo-Asare; David Longbottom; Pieris Chourides

2007-01-01

423

Higher Education in the Mediterranean: Managing Change and Ensuring Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the key themes raised at the November 1996 Malta conference concerning the quality of higher education in the Mediterranean, including international networking in education as well as managing change and quality assurance. It synthesizes the main contributions made by the presenters and identifies several transversal themes…

Sultana, Ronald G.

1997-01-01

424

The Review of Teacher Education Programmes and Transformational Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Higher Education Quality Committee's definition of quality (HEQC 2001) includes standard elements familiar to other higher education systems as well as elements specific to South Africa's own contextual priorities and purposes. These elements are fitness for and of purpose, value for money, and individual and social transformation (Singh…

Bitzer, E.; Botha, J.; Menkveld, H.

2008-01-01

425

Promoting quality in higher education using human resource information systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality, Deming reminds us, is made in the board-room, or, in the educational context, in Senate or Council. The quality of the decisions made by the incumbents of these offices will be conditional on the information which is available and accessible to them. People and information will be the focus of advances in strategic management systems – in both educational

Peter Hosie

1995-01-01

426

Assuring Quality in Higher Education: The New Zealand Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the expansion of higher education across the globe in response to the creation of knowledge economies and learning societies, governments have become increasingly interested in ensuring value for money from their investments. In determining their comparative economic advantage, nation states have increasingly focused on the ?quality' of their education provision and knowledge production. Quality assurance has become standard practice

ANNIE WEIR

427

Conceptualising Gender Equality in Research on Education Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article sets out to re-conceptualise gender equality in education quality. Four approaches to conceptualising gender equitable education quality are identified in the literature: human capital theory with a focus on parity and sameness for all; a human rights and power perspective, within which gender equality is viewed as transforming unjust…

Aikman, Sheila; Halai, Anjum; Rubagiza, Jolly

2011-01-01

428

Democratisation and Quality Assurance in South African Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article interprets a particular set of debates on whether quality assurance in South African higher education widens democracy or not. The interpretation explores the extent to which higher education quality assurance fulfils three conditions posited for democracy (inclusion, participation and enhancement), drawing in as points of reference…

Symes, Ashley

2006-01-01

429

Raising the Bar: Ethics Education for Quality Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1970s an "ethics boom" has occurred to counter the disappearance of ethics education from tertiary institutions. This "boom" appears to be absent from teacher education programs in Australia and the United States. Given persistent calls to enhance teacher quality this is problematic because quality teaching is inexorably linked to…

Boon, Helen

2011-01-01

430

Educational Quality, Outcomes Assessment, and Policy Change: The Virginia Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education system in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States provides a case model for how discussions regarding educational quality and assessment of that quality have affected institutions' policy decisions and implementation. Using Levin's (1998) policy analysis framework, this essay explores how assessment of student…

Culver, Steve

2010-01-01

431

Planning and design of industrial engineering education quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Quality Function Deployment (QFD) approach to improve industrial engineering (IE) education quality at the Middle East Technical University (METU) is presented. Major stakeholders of IE education are identified as students, faculty members and future employers of the students. Requirements of these groups from an IE graduate are determined by surveys and interviews with them. These requirements are prioritized. Main

Gülser Köksal

1998-01-01

432

The Need for Context-Sensitive Measures of Educational Quality in Transnational Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the current approach to educational quality formation in transnational higher education promotes educational imperialism, and that guidelines and practices should be altered to embrace context-sensitive measures of quality. The claims are sustained by findings from a study that investigated how academics understood and…

Pyvis, David

2011-01-01

433

The Pre-Primary Education Voucher Scheme of Hong Kong: A Promise of Quality Education Provision?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of education vouchers has been widely researched as they are seen by many people as an effective strategy for improving the quality of education services. Striving to enhance the quality of the kindergarten education service in Hong Kong, the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has committed a substantial sum of…

Fung, Chanel Kit-Ho; Lam, Chi-Chung

2008-01-01

434

Moving from Control to Culture in Higher Education Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, it is argued that quality development in higher education needs to go beyond the implementation of rules and processes for quality management purposes to improve the educational quality. Quality development has to rather focus on promoting a quality culture, which enables individual actors to continuously improve their profession. While this understanding of quality as part of the organizational culture gains more importance, there is still a lack of fundamental research and conceptual understanding of the phenomenon in itself. This article aims to lay the foundations for a comprehensive understanding of quality culture in organizations focusing on higher education. For this purpose, the state of the art in research on organizational culture is discussed and a model of quality culture is presented.

Ehlers, Ulf-Daniel

435

Humanistic Qualities of the Teacher as Perceived by Undergraduate Students in Bahrain and Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to identify the main qualities of the teacher as a person as perceived by university students in Bahrain and Kuwait. A 25-item questionnaire, which reflected the basic humanistic qualities of the teacher as related to effective teaching, was designed and then administered to a random sample of 520 students enrolled…

Al-Musawi, Nu'man; Karam, Ebraheem M.

2011-01-01

436

Perceived Educational Barriers, Cultural Fit, Coping Responses, and Psychological Well-Being of Latina Undergraduates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the unique educational experiences and disproportional representation of Latinas in higher education, this study examined how Latinas’ perception of educational barriers and cultural fit influenced their coping responses and subsequent well-being in college. Participants (N = 98) were primarily second-generation Mexican-heritage women who were highly motivated to pursue advanced graduate training. Differences by generation and educational characteristics were not

Alberta M. Gloria; Jeanett Castellanos; Veronica Orozco

2005-01-01

437

Equity and Quality in Private Education: The Haitian Paradox.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the Haitian educational system. Assesses whether private education is playing an appropriate role in Haiti in terms of providing and promoting quality education. Reviews strategies that could allow the government to use its limited financial resources in a more cost-effective and equitable manner. (CMK)

Salmi, J.

2000-01-01

438

Reaching for the Dream: Quality Education for All  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality and equality in education is the dream of many. In South Africa hope was pinned onto the transformation that was to follow the major political changes of the 1990s. The promotion of inclusive education is rooted in a philosophical and principled position that all children should have educational rights and opportunities as encased in the…

Greyling, A. J.

2009-01-01

439

Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care: A cultural context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that different cultural communities may hold different definitions of “quality” in Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) conforming with their respective, culturally valued educational goals and culturally based beliefs regarding practices that facilitate their attainment. Despite the negative implication of stereotyping socio-cultural communities as “individualist” or “collectivist” (Triandis, 1995), the conceptualisation of cultural variations in educational goals

Miriam K. Rosenthal

2003-01-01

440

Accreditation and Continuous Quality Improvement In Athletic Training Education  

PubMed Central

Objective: To apply the continuous quality improvement model commonly associated with the business sector to entrylevel athletic training education program accreditation. Data Sources: We applied athletic training educational program accreditation as a tool for ensuring quality in the entrylevel athletic training education programs accredited by the Commission on the Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs. Literature from the business, education, and athletic training fields is integrated to support this paradigm shift in athletic training education. Data Synthesis: The advent of mandated entry-level athletic training educational program accreditation has forced institutions to evaluate their educational programs. Accreditation will promote continuous quality improvement in athletic training education through mechanisms such as control measures and process improvement. Conclusions/Recommendations: Although accreditation of entry-level athletic training education programs has created some dissonance among athletic training professionals, it will strengthen the profession as a whole. Athletic training educators must capture the synergy generated from this change to ensure quality educational experiences for all our students as we move forward to secure a strong position in the allied health care market.

Peer, Kimberly S.; Rakich, Jonathon S.

2000-01-01

441

Preparing Quality Science Educators: A Successful Tripartite Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a model and process for shared decision making among teacher education faculty, pre-K through 12 educators, and college science and mathematics faculty in the preparation of quality educators at Wright State University (WSU), Ohio. WSU is immersed in change as Ohio moves from teacher certification to licensure. The paper…

Cole, Donna J.; Mahaffey, Gregory; Ramey, Linda; Ryan, Charles W.; Swann, Raymond; Tomlin, James A.

442

An Education Millennium Development Goal for Quality: Complexity and Democracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A good quality education is inclusive, relevant and democratic. Of these three characteristics, the author contends that democratic is the most fundamental and underpins the other two. Education can only truly be inclusive and relevant if its goals are continuously the subject of open democratic debate, since education is a value-based,…

Barrett, Angeline M.

2011-01-01

443

The Cultural and Educational Transitioning of First Generation Immigrant Undergraduate Students in Quebec, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diversity of Canadian society and the significance of education for occupational mobility have prompted investigations into immigrant's educational attainment, yet little research examines immigrant post-secondary students. This phenomenological study illuminates the institutional, societal, educational, and psychosocial barriers facing…

Sinacore, Ada L.; Lerner, Sasha

2013-01-01

444

Highlights from Educating for Democracy: Preparing Undergraduates for Responsible Political Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, highlights the forthcoming book "Educating for Democracy." The book articulates the conditions under which political teaching and learning in college is and is not legitimate, making the case that education for political development can and should be conducted in a manner that is consistent with the core values of higher education

Colby, Anne; Beaumont, Elizabeth; Ehrlich, Thomas; Corngold, Josh

2007-01-01

445

Quality Assurance and Teacher Education: International Challenges and Expectations. Rethinking Education. Volume 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…

Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.

2012-01-01

446

Integrating radiology vertically into an undergraduate medical education curriculum: a triphasic integration approach  

PubMed Central

Fulfilling the goal of integrating radiology into undergraduate medical curricula is a real challenge due to the enduring faith assuming that traditional medical disciplines are worthy of consuming the available study time. In this manner, radiology is addressed occasionally and with relevance to these traditional disciplines. In Al-Baha University Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia, efforts have been made to integrate radiology vertically and in a structured manner into the undergraduate curriculum from the first year to the sixth year. For achieving convenient integration of radiology, a triphasic approach to integration is adopted. This approach consists of the integration of radiology foundations into the basic sciences phase, development of a distinct 4-week module in year 4, and finally, integration of clinical applications of radiology in the clinical phase modules. Feedback of students and inferences obtained through assessment and program evaluation are in favor of this approach to integration. Minor reform and some improvement related to time allocated and content balancing are still indicated.

Al Qahtani, Fahd; Abdelaziz, Adel

2014-01-01

447

Integrating radiology vertically into an undergraduate medical education curriculum: a triphasic integration approach.  

PubMed

Fulfilling the goal of integrating radiology into undergraduate medical curricula is a real challenge due to the enduring faith assuming that traditional medical disciplines are worthy of consuming the available study time. In this manner, radiology is addressed occasionally and with relevance to these traditional disciplines. In Al-Baha University Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia, efforts have been made to integrate radiology vertically and in a structured manner into the undergraduate curriculum from the first year to the sixth year. For achieving convenient integration of radiology, a triphasic approach to integration is adopted. This approach consists of the integration of radiology foundations into the basic sciences phase, development of a distinct 4-week module in year 4, and finally, integration of clinical applications of radiology in the clinical phase modules. Feedback of students and inferences obtained through assessment and program evaluation are in favor of this approach to integration. Minor reform and some improvement related to time allocated and content balancing are still indicated. PMID:24959094

Al Qahtani, Fahd; Abdelaziz, Adel

2014-01-01

448

Steepening Student Learning Curves -- Use of Computers and Research Projects in Undergraduate Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is well accepted that students tend to learn best in active modes. We discuss two areas that we are pursuing that promote such activity: a computer based questioning and tutoring system, and undergraduate research projects. Following initial introduction to the material (e.g., reading the book), it is often efficient to confront students with suitable questions and then provide appropriate feedback, repeating the process with related questions/problems to evaluate and reinforce the newly acquired understanding. Computers have great potential for nontrivial questioning, testing, and tutoring. They offer a way to extend and multiply the probing of student understanding and problem solving abilities. A system which uses both concept (word) questions and equation-derivation based problem formats, requiring fairly sophisticated computer grading, is presented. We report on a system we are developing in a JAVA environment that at least in part meets the above description and capabilities. The system is under test in first year honors physics and first year honors chemistry classes. In addition, we discuss the effectiveness and related issues concerning undergraduate research. The latter includes looking at student driven vs. research advisor driven endeavors.

Dickinson, Tom

2004-05-01

449

Using Principles of Quality and Safety Education for Nurses in School Nurse Continuing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School nurses require ongoing continuing education in a number of areas. The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) framework can be utilized in considering school nurses' roles and developing continuing education. Focusing on neurology continuing education, the QSEN framework is illustrated with the example of concussion management…

Rosenblum, Ruth K.; Sprague-McRae, Julie

2014-01-01

450

Education and Occupational Attainment in Chile: The Effects of Educational Quality, Attainment, and Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from a longitudinal study are used to examine the role of education as a determinant of labor market entrance in Chile during the 1970s. Finds that the more powerful predictors of occupational attainment were educational variables rather than family social status, and educational quality variables rather than educational attainment or…

Schiefelbein, Ernesto; Farrell, Joseph P.

1984-01-01

451

Perceptions of Quality for Graduate Athletic Training Education  

PubMed Central

Context: Accreditation is generally considered the primary mechanism for quality assurance in higher education, but disagreement often exists between accrediting agencies and the perceptions of professionals who feel the accrediting body has failed to meet its quality control function. For accreditation to have value, it must be a meaningful indicator of quality and be viewed as such. Objective: To identify the predominant contributors to quality for postcertification graduate education as perceived by athletic training educators and to compare results among respondents with different education levels, academic ranks, tenure classifications, and program affiliations. Design: Non-experimental descriptive survey. Setting: 2003 National Athletic Trainers' Association Educators' Conference. Patients or Other Participant(s): Of a convenience sample of 353 athletic training educators, 194 (55%) submitted usable questionnaires. Males accounted for 115 (59%) respondents and females for 79 (41%). Of the 14 National Athletic Trainers' Association-accredited postcertification graduate education programs, 12 were represented. Main Outcome Measure(s): Quantitative data for closed-ended questionnaire items were analyzed using descriptive statistics and measures of central tendency, with composite mean scores for each item used for comparisons. Qualitative data were coded according to major themes and analyzed. Results: Support for accreditation at the postcertification graduate education level was moderate (mean = 3.08 ± 0.811 on a 4-point scale). Subjects with doctoral degrees (n = 88) indicated that research contributed significantly more to quality (mean = 3.38 ± 0.636) than did those with master's degrees (n = 106, mean = 2.97 ± 0.786). Respondents with master's degrees stated that clinical education was a greater contributor to quality (mean = 3.76 ± 0.491) than did those with doctoral degrees (3.44 ± 0.663). Conclusions: The educators showed agreement for most quality indicators. The greatest contributors to program quality were program curriculum; adequate faculty, staff, and administrative support; evaluation; clinical education; and research.

Seegmiller, Jeff G

2006-01-01

452

Enhancing Engineering Educational Outcomes Through Integration of New Vision for Civil Infrastructures with Nanotechnology into Undergraduate Curriculum and Its Implementation Results  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nanotechnology enables the creation and utilization of materials and devices with novel functions through the control of matter at the nanoscale level. It can be expected that the nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize the design and construction of civil infrastructures. Nevertheless, the excitement and promise of nanotechnology for conceiving innovative systems can provide a new opportunity for educational institutions to stimulate interest and broaden the vision of diverse students in engineering and research, foster active learning and life-long learning, and inspire innovation and creativity. The objective of this paper is to share strategies for utilizing nanotechnology as a vehicle to strengthen engineering curriculum and enhance undergraduate engineering educational outcomes. The paper presents instructional strategies and new course modules for integrating nanotechnology education into a mainstream civil engineering undergraduate curriculum. The outcomes from the first year implementation are revealed, and their implications and future improvement are discussed.

2009-08-25

453

Governing Quality in Teacher Education: Deconstructing Federal Text and Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite differences…

Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland

2007-01-01

454

Risky Custodians of Trust: Instruments of Quality in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article inquires into the "calculative practices" that are used to regulate quality in higher education. After providing a historical snapshot of the antecedents of quality regimes, I discuss university ranking systems (league tables) and the UK's Research Assessment Exercise. I ask two questions: first, what do the visibilities of quality

Sidhu, Ravinder

2008-01-01

455

Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Slovak Republic  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…

Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly

2012-01-01

456

Towards a Culture of Quality. Perspectives on Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third publication on the theme of quality in the Commonwealth of Learning Perspectives on Distance Education series widens the discussion beyond external quality assurance processes to a more generic focus on a "culture of quality." It is an extension of the earlier two publications, which came out in 1994 and 1997 and drew attention to…

Koul, Badri N., Ed.; Kanwar, Asha, Ed.

2006-01-01

457

Undergraduate Public Health at 4Year Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Undergraduate public health education at 4-year institutions, those with and without graduate public health education, has grown rapidly during the first decade of the 21st century since the IOM recommended that “all undergraduates have access to education in public health.” Much of this growth has been guided by the Educated Citizen and Public Health initiative, a collaboration of arts and

Richard K. Riegelman; Susan Albertine

2011-01-01

458

Transforming Undergraduate Geoscience Education with an Innovative Google Earth-based Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Undergraduate curricula in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology have been developed over centuries and have reached a high level of national and international consistency. No matter where students study as school pupils or undergraduates, they are expected to have taken universally recognized units in electromagnetism or organic chemistry or evolution. In contrast, geoscience curricula vary widely with institution and region. Even the names of geoscience departments (geology, geological sciences, geology and geography, earth science, earth and planetary science, earth and environmental science, geology) reflect the diversity of geoscience curricula. In part, this may result from the relative youth of geoscience as a fundamental science discipline, and in part it may reflect the influence of local field areas and resources. Students in Kansas are likely to be exposed to more stratigraphy and sedimentology and less igneous and metamorphic petrology than students in, say, New Hampshire. Geoscience has been slow to catch on in community colleges and distance learning centers in large part because of the difficulty of teaching a field-based subject without the legacy of specimen and map collections that older geology departments accumulated over the decades. Google Earth has great potential to to "Level the Playing Field" by exposing students to universal geoscientific core concepts on scales from an astronaut's view of the planet down to outcrop details. We present case studies of Google Earth-based geoscience curricular units suited to introductory courses in diverse institutions. With the aid of virtual COLLADA models of structures, virtual specimens, and deep-zoom Gigapan images, students from diverse backgrounds can share almost real field experiences across the virtual globe.

De Paor, D. G.; Whitmeyer, S. J.

2011-12-01

459

Standards-based teaching and educational digital libraries as innovations: Undergraduate science faculty in the adoption process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study describes undergraduate science faculty in terms of their feelings of preparedness for and their use of standards-based teaching methods, their stages of concern related to Educational Digital Libraries (EDLs), and their adoption and diffusion of both innovations. These innovations may have a synergistic relationship that may result in enhanced adoption of both. The investigation began with a series of group meetings with life science, chemistry, physics, and geology faculty from a 2-year and a 4-year institution. Faculty were introduced to dimensions of standards-based teaching and examples of EDLs. Faculty completed the Demographics and Experience Questionnaire, the Standards-Based Teaching Instrument, and the Stages of Concern Questionnaire (SoCQ). Semi-structured interviews containing literature-based questions were conducted with one faculty member from each discipline from the 2-year and 4-year institutions. Document analyses were performed on mission/goal web-based statements for the institutions and their science departments. Triangulated data were used to construct individual faculty case studies based on four facets: background, standards-based teaching profile, EDLs profile, and rate of innovation diffusion. The individual case studies were used to perform cross-case analyses by type of institution, discipline, and locus of control. Individual case studies and cross-case analyses suggest the following conclusions: (a) faculty felt prepared to use and frequently used textbooks as a reference, (b) feelings of preparedness and frequency of use of standards-based teaching categories may be related to discipline, (c) all faculty had relatively high awareness and informational EDL concerns, and (d) faculty central to the locus of control were more likely to use methods to develop student conceptual understanding, use inquiry methods, and be agents of change. A grounded theoretical model connects study results with literature related to educational change and innovation adoption. The model suggests undergraduate science faculty professional developers and innovation developers should establish a shared understanding of vocabulary related to innovations, conduct national innovation awareness and informational campaigns, consider faculty pre-existing understanding of the innovations, align with organizational norms, and clarify the relationship between institutional mission/goal statements and the innovations. The study protocols and instruments may be valuable tools for others studying educational change and innovations.

Ridgway, Judith Sulkes

460

Shaping the Future: New Expectations for Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book, presented by the National Science Foundation and the Science Education Resource Center at Carleton College offers innovative ideas and suggested standards for education in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology. The needs of a broad range of students are considered. The companion to this book is available online.

2008-07-07

461

Student-Generated Scientific Inquiry for Elementary Education Undergraduates: Course Development, Outcomes and Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in "Sci Educ" 84:287-312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in "Sci Educ" 87(1):112-143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective,…

Salter, Irene; Atkins, Leslie

2013-01-01

462

High-Impact Educational Practices: What We Can Learn from the Traditional Undergraduate Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education ecosystem is shifting. Lines are blurring. Continuing professional education--with its focus on nontraditional students, applied learning, support of workforce development, and use of innovative and technology-based pedagogy--was commonly perceived to function outside the core of the academy, which focused on a liberal-arts…

Sandeen, Cathy

2012-01-01

463

The Veterans Affairs National Quality Scholars program: a model for interprofessional education in quality and safety.  

PubMed

The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) project is enhancing the emphasis on quality care and patient safety content in nursing schools. A partnership between QSEN and the Veterans Affairs National Quality Scholars program resulted in a unique experiential, interdisciplinary fellowship for both nurses and physicians. This article introduces the Veterans Affairs National Quality Scholars program and provides examples of learning activities and fellows' accomplishments. Interprofessional quality and safety education at the doctoral and postdoctoral levels is germane to improving the quality of health care. PMID:22868564

Patrician, Patricia A; Dolansky, Mary A; Pair, Vincent; Bates, Mekeshia; Moore, Shirley M; Splaine, Mark; Gilman, Stuart C

2013-01-01

464

East meets West: a comparison between undergraduate nursing education in Japan and in the United States.  

PubMed

An increasing number of foreign students, especially those of Asian ethnicity, are enrolling in graduate nursing programs in the United States. The transition of these students into graduate nursing programs is not always easy. While a language difference may pose difficulties, a more crucial problem is the difference that often exists between the basic educational nursing preparations of Asian and American graduate students. Some Asian-educated students entering graduate nursing programs may not be prepared to the same degree as their U.S.-educated counterparts. This article presents some of the critical differences in educational philosophy, nursing faculty, types of nursing programs, admission criteria, nursing classroom and clinical experiences, and professional licensure that exist between Japan and the United States. Recommendations are proposed that could help mitigate some of these differences and facilitate the transition of Japanese graduate nursing students into the U.S. educational system. PMID:15230305

Lambert, Vickie A; Lambert, Clinton E; Petrini, Marcia A

2004-06-01

465

Coaching to Quality: Increasing Quality in Early Care and Education Programmes through Community-University Partnership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes efforts to increase the quality in early care and education through targeted coaching. A collaborative including several community agencies and a university developed a framework of support for early care and education providers, using coaching as its foundational basis, called Coaching to Quality (CTQ). This paper provides a…

Gilbert, Jaesook Lee; Harte, Helene Arbouet

2013-01-01