Albertine, Susan; Henry, Ronald J.
The Quality in Undergraduate Education project (QUE) is an equity project, founded on a belief that a high-quality public baccalaureate education should be accessible to all students. QUE is a collaboration among twenty-one colleges and universities in four states (California, Georgia, Maryland, and Nevada). It groups regional two- and four-year…
American Psychologist, 2011
The principles for undergraduate education in psychology presented here are designed for creating a world-class educational system that provides students with the workplace skills needed in this information age; a solid academic background that prepares them for advanced study in a wide range of fields; and the knowledge, skills, and abilities…
Krylov, Anna I.
How You Can Help O ur department is dedicated to quality education at all levels: undergraduate.Thus, making a gift can help chemistry education at USC flourish in many different ways. Undergraduate Research, we would like to give up to three awards per year. Please help by sending your contribution
This research analyzes the scheme proposed to assess the quality of higher education institutions in China, namely, the Quality Assessment of Undergraduate Education (QAUE) scheme. This article aims to determine the impact of the QAUE on universities and explore the reasons that intended effects have or have not been generated in the evaluated…
Student Handbook Undergraduate Education College of Education University of Nevada, Las Vegas #12;College of Education, Student Handbook Page Handbook Page 2 ABOUT THE COLLEGE The College of Education (COE
Sheahan, Bonney H.; White, John A.
Presented is a discussion of the state of undergraduate education in science and engineering based on the interviews with a number of college students. Discussed are the underlying issues: recruitment, motivation, retention, curriculum, teaching incentives, role models and mentoring, hands-on experience, the nerd image, and quality of life. (KR)
Davis, Deborah J.; Ringsted, Charlotte
Accreditation organizations such as the Liaison Committee for Medical Education (LCME), the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) are charged with the difficult task of evaluating the educational quality of medical education programs in North America.…
On many campuses throughout the country, undergraduate biology education is in serious need of an upgrade. During the past few decades, the body of biological knowledge has grown exponentially, and as a research endeavor, the practice of biology has evolved. Education research has also made great strides, revealing many new insights into how…
Washington Center for Improving the Quality of Undergraduate Education.
This compilation of materials represents the major activities of the Washington Center for the Improvement of the Quality of Undergraduate Education between 1985 and 1988. The volume includes: (1) a proposal to the Ford Foundation for funding to promote collaborative projects between two- and four-year colleges related to faculty development,…
Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Tella, Adeyinka
The major purpose of the study was to examine the information seeking behaviour of undergraduate students in the University of Botswana. Specifically, the study made effort to determine the sources consulted and the general pattern of information gathering system by the students: the impact of students' gender, level of study and course of study…
Sawyer, Keegan; Alper, Joe
"Undergraduate Chemistry Education" is the summary of a workshop convened in May 2013 by the Chemical Science Roundtable of the National Research Council to explore the current state of undergraduate chemistry education. Research and innovation in undergraduate chemistry education has been done for many years, and one goal of this…
This sharp looking website is for the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education (JUNE) which "publishes peer-reviewed reports of innovations in undergraduate neuroscience education...[and] serves as a mechanism for faculty to exchange information...such as laboratory exercises, new media, curricular considerations, and teaching methods." Visitors will find the "Supplementary Materials" tab near the top of any page to contain movies, lab instructions, papers, and images. Some of the movies include an adult and juvenile "Crayfish Brain Movie," "Larval Dissection Movie" of a drosophila mutant, and "Leg Prep and Spine Stimulation" of a cockroach. The "Previous Issues" tab gives visitors the opportunity to read issues published since 2002. Recent pieces featured in JUNE include "Integrating Community Outreach into the Undergraduate Neuroscience Classroom", "Design Plans for an Inexpensive Tail Flick Analgesia Meter", and "Unquenchable Neuroscience."
Cecelia M. Brown; Teri J. Murphy
Research in undergraduate mathematics education (RUME), the study of teaching and learning of college mathematics, is a new area of research in mathematics. Information to support this discipline is found in publications from all over the world, in the form of monographs, reports, research guidelines and resource manuals, as well as journal articles. Researchers in RUME require access to materials
The lack of financial resources is no longer seen as the only hurdle to be surmounted by the poor potential college student. The Upward Bound program was created in 1964 to provide cultural and educational activities during the summer for disadvantaged high school students. The Educational Talen t Search program began in 1965 as a supplement to…
) This interdisciplinary course is designed to introduce students to the theories, concepts, and practices of Service-Learning-12) A community-based or field-based learning experience under the supervision of a faculty member. May. Prereq: Completion of Experiential Education Learning Contract and submission of contract to Career
Undergraduate Education DSP Discovery Seminar Program KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 DSP 110 SOCIAL SCIENCESUSPsocialsciencerequirement.EachproposalmustbeapprovedbytheCollege of Arts and sciences and the Dean of Undergraduate Studies. DSP 120 HUMANITIES: (Subtitle Required). (3
The notion of quality in undergraduate mathematics lectures is examined by using theoretical notions and research results from the literature and empirical data from a case study on lecturing on limits of functions. A systemic triangular model is found to catch critical quality aspects of a mathematics lecture, consisting of mathematical…
Riegelman, Richard K.; Albertine, Susan
This curriculum guide serves to assist faculty who are developing undergraduate courses in public health as well as educational administrators and faculty curriculum committees who are designing undergraduate public health curricula. The approach outlined in these recommendations focuses on the development of three core courses, each of which is…
Joseph Holler; Stephen Longfield; Katherine Murphy; Andrea Striz; Brian Bingham
For the past two years undergraduate engineering students from Olin College of Engineering have worked to develop unmanned surface vehicles as low cost educational platforms for scientific research. As an undergraduate project, the work on the USV involved the student team in a hands-on experience that included in-house design, fabrication, and field operations. Working dominantly out of the Olin Field
Hutchings, G. A.; And Others
Discusses the use of hypermedia in education and describes the Interactive Learning and Biology project that was developed at the University of Southampton (England) to teach undergraduate cell biology. Topics addressed include authoring tools for hypermedia; a study of undergraduates learning cell motility; student attitudes; and navigation…
Dhaniyala, S.; Powers, S.
The outreach and educational component of my NSF-CAREER grant focused on the development of a new undergraduate course on climate change for engineering undergraduate students and development of project-based course modules for middle and high-school students. Engineering students have minimal formal education on climate issues, but are increasingly finding themselves in positions where they have to participate and address climate change and mitigation issues. Towards this end, we developed a new three-credit course, entitled Global Climate Change: Science, Engineering, and Policy. With a focus on engineering students, this course was structured as a highly quantitative course, taught through an inquiry-based pedagogical approach. The students used a combination of historical climate data from ground-stations and satellites and model results of future climate conditions for different scenarios to ascertain for themselves the current extent of climate change and likely future impacts. Students also combined mitigation efforts, concentrated on geoengineering and alternate energy choices, with climate modeling to determine the immediacy of such efforts. The impacts of the course on the students were assessed with a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches that used pre-post climate literacy and engineering self-efficacy surveys as well as qualitative focus group discussions at the end of the course. I will discuss our undergraduate course development effort and the primary outcomes of the course. I will also briefly describe our k-12 outreach effort on the development of course modules for project-based learning related to air quality and atmospheric science topics.
Stephen Norris; ELAINE SEYMOUR
This paper describes some features in the changing landscape of activities intended to improve both quality and access in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) undergraduate education. Observations are offered from the viewpoint afforded by my work—broadly over the last 10 years—both as a researcher, and as an evaluator for projects related to the improvement of undergraduate SMET education. Over
Konecki, Loretta R.; Stein, Alida A.
A teacher education program at Loretto Heights College (Colorado) integrates multicultural education into an undergraduate teacher education program. Opinions on student needs were gathered from liberal arts faculty, minority representatives, elementary and secondary school staff, teacher educators, and students in teacher education. The diverse…
Barnes, Michael D.; Wykoff, Randy; King, Laura Rasar; Petersen, Donna J.
The article provides an overview of efforts to improve public health and health education training and on the potential use of Critical Component Elements (CCEs) for undergraduate health education programs toward more consistent quality assurance across programs. Considered in the context of the Galway Consensus Conference, the authors discuss the…
This paper reviews the achievements of the first cycle of undergraduate teaching evaluation at institutions of higher education in China. Existing problems are identified, and suggestions are made for corresponding reforms for improving the standard and quality of China's undergraduate teaching evaluation.
Jenkins, Daniel M.
This research explores the instructional strategies most frequently used by leadership educators who teach academic credit-bearing undergraduate leadership studies courses through a national survey and identifies signature pedagogies within the leadership discipline. Findings from this study suggest that class discussion--whether in the form of…
This study investigated the characteristics of undergraduate students in Anadolu University's Open Education Faculty (OEF) courses in economics and business administration who successfully completed their bachelor's degrees in exactly 4 school years. Data on the personal and social characteristics of students who completed the bachelor's degree…
M. Bernardine Dias; Brett Browning; G. Ayorkor Mills-tettey; Nathan Amanquah; Noura El-moughny
This paper addresses the challenges and benefits of undergraduate robotics education in technologically underserved communities. We present two robotics courses that the authors designed and taught in Qatar and Ghana. While different in context and setting, these courses share a similar structure and approach. We describe and analyze our experiences in the two case studies, and extract lessons that are
Batill, S. M.; Pinkelman, J.
Design education has received considerable in the recent past. This paper is intended to address one aspect of undergraduate design education and that is the selection and development of the design project for a capstone design course. Specific goals for a capstone design course are presented and their influence on the project selection are discussed. The evolution of a series of projects based upon the design of remotely piloted aircraft is presented along with students' perspective on the capstone experience.
Butler, Rufina E.
Throughout the history of higher education, measurement of learning was based on face-to-face delivery. Today, delivery of higher education through distance learning is moving to the forefront, and the quality of education offered in this venue has become a contentious topic. This is especially true with the undergraduate population, a population…
Panetsos, Spiros; Zogopoulos, Anastasios; Tigas, Odysseas; Gubaidullina, Albina
The article suggests that people involved in quality development need a specific competence, called quality literacy, in order to successfully improve learning processes. Quality literacy is viewed as a set of competencies that are needed for professional quality development. Quality literacy emphasizes the importance of professionalism as a necessary component for quality development, in addition to structural quality management models. Quality development is a co-production between learners and their learning environment. This means that the educational process can only be influenced and optimized through participation and not steered externally. Quality strategies cannot, therefore, guarantee a high quality of learning processes but rather aim at professionalisation of the educational process. This article suggests participation and negotiation between educational participants (clients and providers) as a main condition for quality development.
CUNY Programs for Adult Learners Erin Croke, Director of Undergraduate Educational Policy Ashleigh......................................................... 4 Enrollment of adult undergraduates.........................................................................6 Performance of adult undergraduates
Doherty, Geoffrey D.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss some key aspects of quality in education in the light of over 30 years practical experience of doing quality assurance (QA). Design/methodology/approach: Reflection on three concepts, which are still the subject of debate, namely: "quality"; "total quality management (TQM)"; and "autonomy".…
Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge
Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…
Gibson, John S.
The basic proposition of this study is that five dimensions of educational quality can serve as significant goals, that educational objectives emerging from the goals can be identified, that by improving and delivering school services and processes of quality we can elevate levels of student achievement and significantly advance students toward…
Ruben, Brent D., Ed.
This volume contains 21 new and classic papers and readings on quality philosophies and concepts, first, as they have been applied in business and industry but primarily as they relate to and can be applied in higher education. The introduction is titled "The Quality Approach in Higher Education: Context and Concepts for Change" by Brent D. Ruben.…
Australian Coll. of Education, Carlton, Victoria.
This book is a compilation of 13 speeches given at a 1978 conference in Canberra, Australia on the theme of quality education in the Australian system. Some of the topics covered include the disadvantaged schools' program, the school as a social agency, quality education in rural schools, curriculum and the socially disadvantaged, parental…
Romm, Iyah; Gordon-Messer, Susannah; Kosinski-Collins, Melissa
Although undergraduates have long held a role as teaching assistants for introductory science courses at liberal arts colleges and universities, educational institutions often do not provide these students with opportunities to explore science teaching and pedagogy. At Brandeis University, we designed an internship course to help increase the…
Miller, M. Elizabeth; Birch, David A.; Cottrell, Randall R.
Background: Quality assurance in health education professional preparation has long been a goal of the profession. A comprehensive coordinated accreditation process for graduate and undergraduate health education has been recommended. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the current status of, and future plans for,…
Parsell, G. J.; Bligh, J.
It has long been recognised that intensive efforts are needed to reform medical education in order to meet the future needs of populations worldwide. Pressure for changes to the organisation, content and delivery of both undergraduate and postgraduate medical education has greatly increased in the last two decades. The experience of innovative medical schools, the emergence of learner-centred teaching methods and the implications of health-care reforms in North America and Britain are major factors influencing calls for change. The pace of change has accelerated to such an extent in recent years that progress towards widespread reform appears to be more attainable than ever before. This article provides an overview of the changing context of health-care, some patterns of existing medical education and some strategies for change. PMID:7567730
Allende, R.; Morales, D.; Avendano, G.; Chabert, S.
As in other parts of the World, in recent times there has been an increasing interest on Biomedical Engineering (BME) in Latin America (LA). This interest grows from the need for a larger number of such specialists, originated in a spreading use of health technologies. Indeed, at many universities, biomedical engineering departments have been created, which also brought along discussions on strategies to achieve the best education possible for both undergraduate and graduate programs. In these settings, different positions were taken as regards which subject to emphasize. In such a context, this work aimed to make a survey on the "state-of-the-art" of undergraduate BME education in LA, and to analyze the observed differences. Broadly speaking, similar education profiles are perceived in the entire continent, with main emphasis on electronics and bioinstrumentation, biology and informatics respectively. Much less relevance is given to biomechanics and biomaterials. This tendency is similar in Departments with many decades of experience or in newly opened ones.
Tilley, Aaron Benjamin
MAXIMIZING THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FOR UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS A Senior Honors Thesis By AARON BENJAMIN TILLEY Submined to the Office of Honors Programs 8r. Academic Scholarships Texas ARM University In partial fulfillment... of the requirements For the Designation of UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOW April 2000 Group: Political Science MAXIMIZING THE VALUE OF EDUCATION FOR UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS A Senior Honors Thesis By AARON BENJAMIN TILLEY...
Boas, Harold P.
Undergraduate Research Grant College of Education and Human Development The College of Education and Human Development is pleased to announce a new Undergraduate Research Grant. Consistent with the College's strategic aims and Action 2015 initiatives, the objective of this research grant is to facilitate
Zhang, Huan-zhen; Li, Jian-bo; Luo, Xiang-nan; Zhao, Bin-yan; Luo, Ren-ming; Wang, Qiao-ling
In Chinese higher environmental education, undergraduate education of environmental engineering starts earliest and develops fastest. The undergraduate has been playing an important role in controlling pollution for more than twenty years. The setting and distribution of the environmental engineering major was analyzed, the conditions of the…
Elementary Teacher Education Undergraduate Program 2013-2014 Academic Year Urban Institute for Teacher Education College of Education Program information is subject to change without notice Updated 8/2013 Elementary Education and Teacher Licensure The Elementary Teacher Education Program at the Urban Institute
In a wide-ranging speech on the question of educational quality in Great Britain, the author observes that the achievement of higher quality "demands the will to act in a hundred ways, even to the point of sacrifice, on the part of teachers, managers, governors, local authorities, the government, parents, newspapers, radio and T.V., and the…
Lane, Marvin E.
In 1989, the president of Lamar Community College (LCC) in Colorado, together with 14 classified, faculty, and administrative staff, attended a workshop on educational quality at Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC) in an effort to begin implementing a Total Quality Management process at LCC. Following the workshop, attendees from LCC organized the…
Riegelman, Richard K
The IOM's 2003 report Who Will Keep the Public Healthy? recommended that "...all undergraduates should have access to education in public health." They justified their recommendations stating that "public health is an essential part of the training of citizens." The IOM recommendations have catalyzed a movement linking undergraduate public health education with arts and sciences' Liberal Education and America's Promise (LEAP), an initiative designed to produce an educated citizenry. Schools and programs in public health rapidly adopted the IOM recommendations and efforts to reach the other 1900 4-year colleges and universities are now underway. A November 2006 Consensus Conference on Undergraduate Public Health Education brought together public health, arts and science, and clinical health professions educators. The recommendations of the Consensus Conference supported the development of core undergraduate public health curricula designed to fulfill general education requirement in institutions with and without graduate public health education. Minors built upon required core curricula, utilizing faculty and institution strengths, and providing opportunities for experiential learning such as service-learning were encouraged. A curriculum guide, faculty development program, and multiple presentations, websites, and publications have sought to implement these recommendations. The IOM has recently approved a multi-year Roundtable on Undergraduate Public Health Education to help develop the strategies and collaboration needed to bring these efforts to fruition. Enduring understandings for three core courses-Public Health 101, Epidemiology 101, and Global Health 101-are included to help guide the development of undergraduate public health education. PMID:18692739
Stuart, Steven J.
34 General Education 34 GENERAL EDUCATION An undergraduate student whose enrollment in a curriculum occurs after May 15, 2005, must fulfill the general education requirements in effect at that time in curricular or general education requirements shall be considered under the curriculum year change
The primary purpose of this study is to identify any value patterns existent among undergraduate family and consumer sciences education majors. The overall goal is to use this new information to identify students who have compatible values with the profession. A sample of 111 (age 18-50) undergraduate family and consumer sciences students from Illinois, Missouri, Florida, New Mexico, Washington, Wisconsin,
The Undergraduate Ambassadors Scheme provides an opportunity for students in their final year of the chemistry degree course at the University of Reading to choose an educational project as an alternative to practical research. The undergraduates work in schools where they can be regarded as role models and offer one way of inspiring pupils to…
Vare, Jonatha W.; Dewalt, Mark W.; Dockery, E. Ray
Researchers describe results from a longitudinal study of variables predicting retention in undergraduate teacher education. Selected teacher candidates' background characteristics were correlated with undergraduate grade point ratio (GPR) as a measure of academic success. The sample consisted of 657 candidates in an initial course in teacher…
Garnett, Robert F., Jr.
In this paper, I employ the pioneering works of Nussbaum, Sen, Saito, and Walker, in conjunction with the U.S. tradition of academic freedom, to outline a capability-centered vision of undergraduate education. Pace Nussbaum and Walker, I propose a short list of learning capabilities to which every undergraduate student should be entitled. This…
This paper describes some features in the changing landscape of activities intended to improve both quality and access in science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET) undergraduate education. Observations are offered from the viewpoint afforded by my work - broadly over the last 10 years - both as a researcher, and as an evaluator for projects related to the improvement of
Funding Opportunity: Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) in Engineering Sponsor: National and in research, that cross traditional disciplinary and departmental boundaries. Some examples of nanotechnology aspects of nanotechnology, applications of nanotechnology to information technology, properties
McCormick, Betty L., Ed.
This book contains a collection of essays about schools that have successfully implemented Total Quality Management (TQM) through partnerships with the business community, parents, higher education, school board members, and others. Following the preface, foreword, and introduction, the book is divided into five sections: school leaders in Total…
Chaudhury, S. Raj; Shaw, Paula R. D.
The BEST Lab (Center for Excellence in Science Education), the Center for Materials Research (CMR), and the Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science (CS) Departments at Norfolk State University (NSU) joined forces to implement MiLEN(2) IUM - an innovative approach tu integrate current and emerging research into the undergraduate curricula and train students on NASA-related fields. An Earth Observing System (EOS) mission was simulated where students are educated and trained in many aspects of Remote Sensing: detector physics and spectroscopy; signal processing; data conditioning, analysis, visualization; and atmospheric science. This model and its continued impact is expected to significantly enhance the quality of the Mathematics, Science, Engineering and Technology (MSET or SMET) educational experience and to inspire students from historically underrepresented groups to pursue careers in NASA-related fields. MiLEN(2) IUM will be applicable to other higher education institutions that are willing to make the commitment to this endeavor in terms of faculty interest and space.
Qualtrough, A J E
To deliver the knowledge and skills required to equip undergraduate students for practice is a significant responsibility; graduates must be familiar with the diagnosis and treatment of pulpal and periradicular diseases and the preservation and restoration of pulpally compromised teeth. A greater understanding of the microbiological processes involved in endodontics and developments in instruments and materials have transformed our approaches to root canal treatment. Information technology has revolutionised certain aspects of education and has had an effect on endodontic teaching. Dental graduates will be expected to treat an increasingly elderly population and will enter a climate in which remuneration for root canal treatment could have a significant effect on the number of cases treated and the pattern of referral. Teachers of endodontics at the majority of dental schools are taxed by competing demands for time in packed curricula, a lack of availability of natural teeth for classroom exercise and a lack of suitable patients. The debate as to whether endodontics should be a specialist subject in its own right has rumbled on for three decades. Compared with the situation in the 1970s, there are now well defined curricula guidelines to which those involved in teaching can refer and map teaching in their schools against agreed norms. These create the potential for students to graduate with the knowledge and skills at a sound level of competence to carry out endodontic procedures and with a deeply engrained understanding of the need for continuing professional development. PMID:24651348
Lee Harvey; Berit Askling
From having been seen as an implicit element in university learning and teaching, and thus also a natural part of academics’\\u000a responsibilities, the quality issue emerged in the 1990s as a topic of concern for politicians, institutional leaders, and\\u000a a variety of other stakeholders. This concern emerged from a ‘package’ of simultaneous changes affecting higher education,\\u000a such as the devolution
Although anaesthesia and intensive care medicine are postgraduate subjects, few would deny the value of exposing medical undergraduates to clinical training in these areas. The present review addresses developments in medical undergraduate training curricula, and the specific benefits that can be provided for medical students, at all stages of training, by anaesthesiologists working in operating theatres, intensive care units and pain clinics. PMID:17016371
Texas at Austin, University of
undergraduate students to learn. Yet the importance of understanding deep time, including the Earth's history tools, generation and use of massive amounts of quantitative information (big data), and computational are striving to prepare undergraduate students to use rapidly advancing technologies and big data in the future
Nearly half the students graduating with a bachelors degree in physics go directly into today's rapidly changing work place. Physics departments with strong undergraduate programs recognize the importance of providing students with the skills they need to get good jobs when they graduate. As part of the Strategic Programs for Innovations in Undergraduate Physics (SPIN-UP) project funded by the ExxonMobil
The Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research University has recently released this report outlining ten major recommendations for changing undergraduate education. These recommendations are based on the Commission's conclusion that undergraduate education at America's research universities is in crisis, and that the record of research universities in this area is one of "inadequacy, even failure. Baccalaureate students are the second-class citizens who are allowed to pay taxes but are barred from voting, the guests at the banquet who pay their share of the tab but are given leftovers." The recommendations include research-based learning, inquiry-based instruction in the Freshman year, educating graduate students as apprentice teachers, and changing the faculty rewards system. Brief case studies accompany the recommendations.
Thaxton, Lourene Pike
Research indicated that students often graduate from colleges and universities without encountering critical thinking skills in undergraduate coursework. The first national report raising concerns over the declining quality of education stemmed from the National Commission on Excellence in Education (1983), and findings based on disappointing test…
Chinese universities face enormous pressures and challenges from increased global competition, intensifying national reform efforts, quality improvement, and quantity expansion in the higher education system, which deeply affect undergraduate education reform efforts within the universities. This article uses macrocausal analysis of the complexity…
Nearly half the students graduating with a bachelors degree in physics go directly into today's rapidly changing work place. Physics departments with strong undergraduate programs recognize the importance of providing students with the skills they need to get good jobs when they graduate. As part of the Strategic Programs for Innovations in Undergraduate Physics (SPIN-UP) project funded by the ExxonMobil Foundation, the National Task Force on Undergraduate Physics has visited a number of departments with thriving undergraduate programs. We have found that many of these departments have innovative and successful strategies for providing students with career-building skills and information about employment opportunities for bachelors graduates in physics. This training is frequently built into departmental curriculum. This talk reports on some preliminary findings of SPIN-UP.
Strengthening Undergraduate and Graduate STEM Education Research and Science Education Subcommittee Ehlers, and distinguished members of the Subcommittee on Research and Science Education, Education these hearings and its continued investigation into the state of affairs in STEM education at all levels
American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, Washington, DC.
Changes made by 41 institutions of higher education to improve the quality of teacher education are briefly reported in this news release, as examples of responses to the need to improve educational quality. In general, institutions are raising standards, changing their programs, offering faculty and staff development activities, developing…
Ortiz-Rodriguez, Madeline; Telg, Ricky W.; Irani, Tracy; Roberts, T. Grady; Rhoades, Emily
Quality in distance education has been studied mostly from a top-down approach, from administration and faculty to students. This study was an attempt to understand quality through the eyes of the distance learner. This study identified undergraduate and graduate students' perceptions about quality in distance education, examining factors…
Lindquist, Ingrid; Sundberg, Tobias; Nilsson, Gunnar H.; Laksov, Klara B.
Objectives The aim of this study was to explore areas of strength and weakness in the educational environment as perceived by undergraduate physiotherapy students and to investigate these areas in relation to the respondents’ demographic characteristics. Methods This study utilized a cross-sectional study design and employed the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure, a 50-item, self-administered inventory relating to a variety of topics directly pertinent to educational environments. Convenience sampling was used, and the scores were compared across demographic variables. All undergraduate physiotherapy students in their first five terms of the programme in a major Swedish university were invited to participate in the study. Results A total of 222 students (80%) completed the inventory. With an overall score of 150/200 (75%), the students rated the educational environment in this institution as “more positive than negative”. Two items consistently received deprived scores - authoritarian teachers and teaching with an overemphasis on factual learning. Students in term 4 differed significantly from others, and students with earlier university education experience perceived the atmosphere more negatively than their counterparts. There were no significant differences with regards to other demographic variables. Conclusions This study provides valuable insight into how undergraduate physiotherapy students perceive their educational environment. In general, students perceived that their educational programme fostered a sound educational environment. However, some areas require remedial measures in order to enhance the educational experience. PMID:25341223
1 APOS: A Constructivist Theory of Learning in Undergraduate Mathematics Education Research Ed, we describe one such perspective, APOS Theory, in the context of undergraduate mathematics education for building a community of researchers in undergraduate mathematics education, and indicate the use of APOS
At a recent Science Teachers' State Convention, I attended a session called "Quality Tools in Science Education" and was introduced to an approach to classroom management and student involvement modeled after an industry practice called TQM (total quality management).
Strengthening Undergraduate and Graduate STEM Education 1 Research and Science Education, and fundamental research. There are plenty of other examples, such as the Science Education Initiative, Informal Science Education and CIRTL that all run on our campus. All of these efforts indicate that we need to work
Castelli, Darla M.; Woods, Amelia M.; Lambdin, Dolly; Hall, Tina; Webster, Colin
The intent of teacher education is to develop a person's skill, knowledge and ability to foster learning in pre-K-12 education settings. Preparation in this field of education carries added complexities, in that physical educators must address psychomotor, cognitive and affective goals. An introductory course for undergraduates should overview the…
S. K. Agrawal
This paper describes the contents, emphasis, and challenges of a typical first controls course taught in an undergraduate program in mechanical engineering (ME). Usually, this course is taught in the senior year and builds upon student's knowledge of differential equations, dynamics, heat transfer, electrical circuits, and machine design. This is the first course that draws upon concepts from all subareas
. Undergraduate Students: 15 K. Pre-college Students: 0 L. College Faculty: 4 M. Pre-college Teachers: 0 N activities, many applied to a designated open source project, which all students join. The course design. Graduate Students: 6 NSF Form 1295 (10/98) #12;Curricular Support for Software Testing In this project, we
Robert L. Williams II; Xingxi He; Teresa Franklin; Shuyan Wang
Abstract ? We have developed a unique set of software activities and tutorials to augment teaching and learning in standard required undergraduate engineering courses. With our products students are able to change parameters, predict answers and compare, interact with animations, and feel the results. Two sample software interaction screens are given in the figures below. This is possible via economical
Boyle, John A.
Bioinformatics has emerged as an important research tool in recent years. The ability to mine large databases for relevant information has become increasingly central to many different aspects of biochemistry and molecular biology. It is important that undergraduates be introduced to the available information and methodologies. We present a…
Holt, Emily A.
Regrettably, the sciences are not untouched by the plagiarism affliction that threatens the integrity of budding professionals in classrooms around the world. My research, however, suggests that plagiarism training can improve students' recognition of plagiarism. I found that 148 undergraduate ecology students successfully identified plagiarized…
Suchman, Erica L
Improving undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education requires faculty with the skills, resources, and time to create active learning environments that foster student engagement. Current faculty hiring, promotion, and tenure practices at many universities do not measure, reward, nor encourage faculty pursuit of these skills. A cultural change is needed to foster improvement. PMID:25449051
Harward, Donald W., Ed.
For those ready to participate in making transformative changes, "Transforming Undergraduate Education" provides evidence and case studies that suggest how steps can be taken and progress made. For those who are currently leading their campuses through a change in culture, this book offers support and encouragement. And for those who are…
Colorado at Boulder, University of
21/01/2014 1 Physics Education Research in the Advanced Undergraduate Classroom University of St in advanced classrooms" How do we know it's working?" Is this relevant to St Andrews? " Outline Traditional. Finkelstein, PRST-PER 4, 010110 (2008) Traditional Classroom Reconceptualise the learning environment
National Academies Press, 2003
The report discusses incorporating more math, physics, chemistry, engineering and computer science into classes and laboratory work and emphasizing independent research will help undergraduate education reflect real-world science. Schools, professional societies and funding agencies should develop new teaching materials and facilitate faculty…
Improving the scientific literacy of non-scientists is an important aim, both because of the ever-increasing impact of science on our lives and because understanding science enriches our experience of the natural world. One route to improving scientific literacy is via general education undergraduate courses--i.e. courses for students not majoring…
Sullivan, William M.
This article describes the Program on the Theological Exploration of Vocation (PTEV), a unique experiment in undergraduate education. This project challenged a group of 88 colleges and universities affiliated with a variety of Christian denominations, from Orthodox and Roman Catholic to Evangelical Protestant and Quaker, to think anew about what…
Irvine Group, Vista, CA.
This paper argues that debate about the need for renewal in undergraduate education should take a back seat to implementation of requisite changes. Evaluation of the renewal process should include obstacles to reform, especially ideological disagreements, time budgets, and reward structures. Five initiatives are proposed to advance the goal of…
Trushell, J.; Byrne, K.; Simpson, R.
This paper describes an illuminative small-scale study that piloted an initial survey instrument intended to investigate correspondences between 47 undergraduate Education final year students' use of information and communications technology (ICT), including the Internet, and--within the context of their adoption of tactics intended to impress…
Funding Opportunity: Nanotechnology Undergraduate Education (NUE) in Engineering Sponsor: National, ethical, economic and/or environmental issues relevant to nanotechnology. Related funding opportunities are posted on the web site for the National Nanotechnology Initiative, www.nsf.gov/nano. In addition
Evenson, Tom; Holloway, Linda
This article presents the historical pertinence of undergraduate education to developing a career ladder within the field of vocational rehabilitation. Support for the relevance is presented through the results of an investigation of baccalaureate-level competence and preparation as perceived by graduates of rehabilitation services programs. Job…
Some quality problems in American higher education are addressed. The author suggests that the concept of total quality control (TQC), a philosophy in manufacturing management, be applied to education in order to achieve changes from a more individualized control to a more systemized control. He discusses some particular methods for TQC in teaching. He suggests team work for course content
Hardy, Christopher R.
University's mission to provide a liberal arts-based education, the purpose of general education in general education are centered in the Liberal Arts (Humanities, Fine Arts, Natural and Social Sciences the arts and sciences. The liberal arts component of a "general education" program is designed to prepare
Hooper, Eric; Consortium, WIYN
Over its nearly 20 year history the WIYN Observatory has provided crucial data for numerous undergraduate research projects at the partner institutions (University of Wisconsin-Madison, Indiana University, and Yale University) plus others who access the telescope via national time from NOAO. WIYN and its instruments have served both undergraduates who are local to each institution, as well as those who have a temporary tenure as Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) students. The topics of this work range widely, and only a few examples are listed here. Numerous studies of stars have been undertaken by undergraduates, from rotation velocities of pre-main sequence stars (Rhode et al.) to dynamical heating mechanisms in open clusters (Friel et al.). Extragalactic investigations range from a study of cold ISM in galaxies near the centers of rich clusters (Gallagher & Hooper, et al.) to the stellar populations of post-starburst galaxies hosting low-level AGN (Wolf & Hooper, et al.). Students have made wide use of WIYN's long established suite of facility instruments, which currently includes the Hydra multi-object fiber spectrograph, the SparsePak integral field unit fiber spectrograph, and the WHIRC near-infrared imager. A current undergraduate is a key player in final laboratory testing of two new integral field units that will come to WIYN soon. Finally, the new large format imager pODI currently is in science operation, soon to be followed by an upgrade to nearly four times the current imaging area, a powerful tool that will join the others in contributing to undergraduate research and education. This presentation is a continuation of the overview of WIYN contributions to education that began with a discussion of graduate education at the Indianapolis AAS (Hooper, AAS Meeting #222, #214.23).
Callier, Viviane; Singiser, Richard H; Vanderford, Nathan L
Undergraduate science programs are not providing graduates with the knowledgebase and skills they need to be successful on today's job market. Curricular changes relevant to today's marketplace and more opportunities for internships and work experience during students' secondary education would facilitate a smoother transition to the working world and help employers find graduates that possess both the hard and soft skills needed in the workplace. In this article, we discuss these issues and offer solutions that would generate more marketplace-ready undergraduates. PMID:25653842
This article describes the results of a questionnaire sent to 28 universities and colleges with range science programs in the western 17 states. Information requested pertained to job placement, undergraduate student numbers, course requirements, program goals, and obstacles to undergraduate education in range science. Most range science programs have low student numbers with fewer than 10 graduates per year. The data suggested that low numbers are caused by poor student awareness of rangelands, a misconception that range science is simply another agriculture production major, and competing curricula in natural resource sciences and other areas.
The emergence of the Internet has changed the way we teach and learn. This paper provides a general overview of the state of the quality of virtual education environments. First of all, some problems with the quality criteria applied in this field and the need to develop quality seals are presented. Likewise, the dimensions and subdimensions of an…
Wiertelak, Eric P.; Ramirez, Julio J.
Paralleling the explosive growth of neuroscientific knowledge over the last two decades, numerous institutions from liberal arts colleges to research universities have either implemented or begun exploring the possibility of implementing undergraduate programs in neuroscience. In 1995, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN) partnered with Project Kaleidoscope (PKAL) to offer a workshop exploring how undergraduate neuroscience education should proceed. Four blueprints were created to provide direction to the burgeoning interest in developing programs in undergraduate neuroscience education: 1) Neuroscience nested in psychology; 2) Neuroscience nested in biology; 3) Neuroscience as a minor; and 4) Neuroscience as a major. In 2005, FUN again partnered with PKAL to revisit the blueprints in order to align the blueprints with modern pedagogical philosophy and technology. The original four blueprints were modified and updated. One particularly exciting outgrowth of the 2005 workshop was the introduction of a fifth curricular blueprint that strongly emphasizes the integration of the humanities and social sciences into neuroscience: Neuroscience Studies. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of neuroscience, an education in neuroscience will prepare the next generation of students to think critically, synthetically, and creatively as they confront the problems facing humanity in the 21st century. PMID:23493318
Newton, Genevieve; Bettger, William; Buchholz, Andrea; Kulak, Verena; Racey, Megan
This review focuses on evidence-informed strategies to enhance learning in undergraduate nutrition education. Here, we describe the general shift in undergraduate education from a teacher-centered model of teaching to a student-centered model and present approaches that have been proposed to address the challenges associated with this shift. We further discuss case-based, project-based, and community-based learning, patient simulation, and virtual clinical trials as educational strategies to improve students' critical thinking and problem-solving skills; these strategies are well suited to the teaching of undergraduate nutrition. The strategies are defined, and we discuss the potential benefits to students and how they can be applied specifically to the teaching of undergraduate nutrition. Finally, we provide a critical analysis of the limitations associated with these techniques and propose several directions for future research, including research methodologies that may best evaluate teaching strategies in terms of both teaching and learning outcomes. Consideration of these evidence-informed strategies is warranted, given their ability to encourage students to develop relevant skills that will facilitate their transition beyond the university classroom. PMID:25962618
With a mandate from the American Statistical Association, the Consortium for the Advancement of Undergraduate Statistics Education (CAUSE) has a simple, yet daunting, mission: "to support and advance undergraduate statistics education." They do so through an ambitious mix of professional development initiatives, coupled with sustained outreach efforts and research. Most educators and students will want to start by visiting the "Resources" area, which is divided into sections that bring together datasets, analysis tools, lecture examples, and for a moment of inferential humor, a number of cartoons, jokes, and songs, all informed by the world of statistics. The "Teaching Methods" area is well worth a look, as it brings together 35 resources such as a set of tips of teaching statistics to large classes and how to discuss causality in introductory statistics courses.
Caboni, Timothy C.; Mundy, Meaghan E.; Duesterhaus, Molly Black
Examined the student normative support for Chickering and Gamson's (1987) seven principles of good undergraduate education. Findings from surveys of undergraduate college students indicated that there was empirical evidence of student support for three of the seven principles: faculty-student contact, cooperation among students, and high…
CHILMAN, CATHERINE S.; MEYER, DONALD L.
A COMPARISON WAS MADE OF THE ACHIEVEMENTS AND ASPIRATIONS OF UN DERGRADUATE MARRIED STUDENTS WITH THOSE OF UNDERGRADUATE UNMARRIED STUDENTS. THE STUDY OBJECTIVES WERE (1) TO DETERMINE TO WHAT EXTENT MARRIED MEN AND WOMEN UNDERGRADUATE COLLEGE STUDENTS DIFFER FROM UNMARRIED STUDENTS IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, STATED ATTITUDES TOWARD THEIR EDUCATION…
Inman, Duane; Marlow, Leslie; Wakefield, Dara
Future teachers face the challenge of teaching an increasingly diverse student population in a mainstream classroom. Teacher education programs, therefore, are charged with the necessity of designing, implementing and evaluating effective experiences which will expand students' views on diversity. The teacher education program at Berry College in…
The Board on Physics and Astronomy of the National Academies formed the ``Committee on Undergraduate Physics Education, Research and Implementation'' in 2011 and charged it with producing a report that ``identifies the goals and challenges facing undergraduate physics education and identifies how best practices for undergraduate physics education can be implemented on a widespread and sustained basis.'' (Further information on the committee and its charge can be found at: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/BPA/BPA_059078.) The report is expected to be released in early 2013. This talk will address the committee's process, some of the findings, and their implications for physics education. The role of physics education research in driving innovation will be emphasized.
Farrington, J. W.; Nevala, A.; Dolby, L. A.
An Ocean Instruments web site has been developed that makes available information about ocean sampling and measurement instruments and platforms. The site features text, pictures, diagrams and background information written or edited by experts in ocean science and engineering and contains links to glossaries and multimedia technologies including video streaming, audio packages, and searchable databases. The site was developed after advisory meetings with selected professors teaching undergraduate classes who responded to the question, what could Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution supply to enhance undergraduate education in ocean sciences, life sciences, and geosciences? Prototypes were developed and tested with students, potential users, and potential contributors. The site is hosted by WHOI. The initial five instruments featured were provided by four WHOI scientists and engineers and by one Sea Education Association faculty member. The site is now open to contributions from scientists and engineers worldwide. The site will not advertise or promote the use of individual ocean instruments.
Abend, Allen; Ornstein, Sheila Walbe; Baltas, Emmanuel; de la Garza, Jaime; Watson, Chris; Lange, Kurt; von Ahlefeld, Hannah
In 2005, the OECD Programme on Educational Building (PEB) organised two international experts' group meetings to discuss how countries define and evaluate quality in educational facilities. The research and experiences of six experts are presented in this article, in addition to the lessons learned from the experts' group meetings. The director of…
Multiple intelligences theory has only recently entered the teaching and learning dialogue in education and research. It is argued that despite the rhetoric of a student centred approach, nurse education remains wedded to conventional teaching approaches, which fail to engage with the individual and unwittingly silence the student's voice. This study examines the concept of Multiple Intelligences (MI) and outlines Gardner's contention that the brain functions using eight intelligences, which can be employed to improve learning at an individual level.
Kuhnigk, Olaf; Böthern, Aenne M.; Reimer, Jens; Schäfer, Ingo; Biegler, Astrid; Jueptner, Markus; Gelderblom, Mathias; Harendza, Sigrid
Objective: The integration of scientific research into medical education is a widely discussed topic. Most research training programs are offered on a voluntary basis. In Germany, it is mandatory to complete a doctoral thesis to obtain the academic title “doctor”. The reasons why students start a dissertation project and the influence of this project on their undergraduate studies and later career choices are not well known. Method: This study was conducted at five German universities in 2003, with a total of 437 fifth-year students participating in it. A standardised questionnaire was used to ask participants about their current or finished dissertation (group A), a dissertation they had discontinued (group B) or why they had never started a dissertation project (group C). Results: The two most important reasons for students from group A to start a dissertation were “interest in the topic” and “advantage for job applications”. Compared with group B, they mentioned “improved ability to critically appraise scientific studies” and “doing scientific work independently” significantly more often as a result of working on their dissertation. Starting a dissertation project early during undergraduate studies was correlated with a less successful outcome. Moreover, working on a dissertation significantly reduced time spent on undergraduate studies. Students from group C named the "workload of undergraduate studies" and “no time” most frequently as reasons for not having started a dissertation. Conclusion: Students who have been working successfully on a dissertation rate items regarding the acquisition of scientific research skills significantly more positively, and participation in undergraduate studies seems to be negatively affected by working on a dissertation project. Therefore, basic training in scientific research methodology should become an integrated part of the medical undergraduate curriculum, while special programs should be offered for students with a particular interest in scientific research programs or an academic career. PMID:21818217
McGivney, Veronica, Ed.; And Others
Includes "Maintaining and Monitoring Quality for Women Learners in Higher Education" (Rivis); "Women, Quality and Further Education" (Moss); "Quality Issues in Informal Women's Education in the Voluntary Sector" (Scarlett, Winner); "Women in Adult Basic Education" (Thompson); "Investors in People" (Taylor); "Quality and Women's Guidance Services"…
Settles, G. S.; Dreibelbis, L. J.; Miller, J. D.; Smith, B. P.
New multimedia materials are being developed for undergraduate instruction in thermofluid dynamics (e.g. convective heat transfer, thermodynamics, and gas dynamics), with strong emphasis on experimental and optical flow visualization. Since textbooks often show only simple line diagrams, our emphasis is on real flow images as in Van Dyke's classic "Album of Fluid Motion." Here, however, digital video clips illustrate the pertinent phenomena in motion, with voice-over explanations and occasional musical accompaniment. Beyond that, no attempt is made to duplicate traditional textbook material, but rather to provide a visual "window" into the laboratory experience. The results will be produced and distributed in DVD form for instructors and students as a visual supplement to the standard textbooks on these topics. The suitability of such materials for national dissemination has already been demonstrated. This approach is believed to be especially important for small and minority universities that sometimes lack laboratory facilities. Several examples will be shown, including transitional flow, hydraulic jumps, nucleate boiling, convective heat transfer, and supersonic flow. (Supported by NSF DUE Grant.)
Linn, Marcia C; Palmer, Erin; Baranger, Anne; Gerard, Elizabeth; Stone, Elisa
Most undergraduates give high ratings to research experiences. Studies report that these experiences improve participation and persistence, often by strengthening students' views of themselves as scientists. Yet, the evidence for these claims is weak. More than half the 60 studies reviewed rely on self-report surveys or interviews. Rather than introducing new images of science, research experiences may reinforce flawed images especially of research practices and conceptual understanding. The most convincing studies show benefits for mentoring and for communicating the nature of science, but the ideas that students learn are often isolated or fragmented rather than integrated and coherent. Rigorous research is needed to identify ways to design research experiences so that they promote integrated understanding. These studies need powerful and generalizable assessments that can document student progress, help distinguish effective and ineffective aspects of the experiences, and illustrate how students interpret the research experiences they encounter. To create research experiences that meet the needs of interested students and make effective use of scarce resources, we encourage systematic, iterative studies with multiple indicators of success. PMID:25657254
Ehrlich, Tom; Colby, Anne
The authors propose an alternative course for faculty and campus leaders to navigate through the politicized Academic Bill of Rights debate. Liberal education and the values of the academy are about the need to seek and consider alternative conceptions, stances, and views and to consider them respectfully. If a campus is to commit itself to open…
Lawson, Hal A., Ed.
Papers presented at the National Professional Preparation Conference in Physical Education were revised and expanded for publication in this monograph. In part I, two papers, "Professional Preparation Conferences: One More Time" (W. G. Anderson) and "Current Context and Future Curriculum" (M. J. Ellis), set the stage for a presentation of…
Research experience has been proven to be effective in enhancing the overall educational experience for undergraduate students. In this article, two engineering research projects with undergraduate students involvement are discussed. The projects provided the undergraduate student researchers with motivation for independent research work and…
Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…
Munoz, Marco A.
This literature review is about the application of the ideas of Total Quality Management (TQM) in the academic side of higher learning institutions (classrooms). The methodology is solely document analysis. Findings show that TQM is a possible avenue for achieving national goals of quality for undergraduate and graduate education. The TQM…
Bonstingl, John Jay
Whether viewed through Deming's 14 points, Juran's Trilogy, or Kaoru Ishikawa's Thought Revolution, Total Quality Management embodies 4 fundamental tenets: primary focus on customers and suppliers, universal commitment to continuous improvement, a systems approach, and top management responsibility. Educational organizations are recreating their…
Johnson, James H.
Ways to apply the concepts and processes of Total Quality Management (TQM) to education are discussed in this document. Following the introduction and the preface, chapter 1 provides a historical overview and describes the four cornerstones of TQM--an understanding of systems, psychology, knowledge, and statistics. Chapter 2 describes some of the…
Stenzel, Eileen J.
Counselor educators and students share an ethical accountability for the quality of service that these students will one day provide to their client populations. In this article, the author discusses how assessment can be understood as part of the contract educators make not only with their students, but also with the individuals they will…
An undergraduate degree in public administration is neither needed nor a desirable educational goal for the fields of public administration and public policy. Undergraduate public-administration education should focus only on macrosocietal issues such as the substantive role of the citizenry in democracy; the nature of public interest; and…
This article provides an overview of problem-based learning (PBL) in Canadian undergraduate medical education and continuing medical education (CME) programs. The CME field in Canada is described, and the major professional associations that require physicians to take annual courses and programs are noted. A brief history of PBL in undergraduate…
This article addresses the lack of attention universities have given to adjusting liberal education, the undergraduate major for teachers in California, to the increase of multi-ethnic, multi-racial, and social class heterogeneity in state universities. This article argues for a revised pedagogy for undergraduate liberal arts education for teacher…
The Tennessee Self Concept Scale was given to undergraduate education and liberal arts majors and teachers and other professionals to determine whether people attracted to teaching have lower self-regard than do individuals in other professions. Results suggested undergraduate education majors have higher self-esteem than liberal arts students.…
An approach to quality in college instruction at a French technical institute, based on the industrial model of quality assurance, is outlined, and four separate initiatives are described. They include a group organized to implement the approach in a civil engineering department, undergraduate curriculum reform, redefinition of objectives in…
Education at Brigham Young University is to build the kingdom of God by teaching and preserving the doctrine building" and an educational experience that results in "lifelong learning and service" (The Aims of a BYU Statement). In general, we search for ways to enhance the educational experience and to build a faith
This study assesses and compares the quality of sources found by undergraduate students when doing research using both Google and a library (federated) search tool. Thirty undergraduates were asked to find four sources (one book, two articles, and one additional source of their choosing) related to a selected research topic. Students used both…
Minors UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA 372 Undergraduate Catalog 2014-2015 Mathematics Education Education minor is intended for non-Mathematics Education majors. It is well suited for students majoring - Minor College of Education and Human Performance School of Teaching, Learning, and Leadership, Education
Salam, Abdus; Hamzah, Jemaima Che; Chin, Tan Geok; Siraj, Harlina Halizah; Idrus, Ruszymah; Mohamad, Nabishah; Raymond, Azman Ali
Objective: Special Study Module (SSM) is a mandatory research module implemented in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). The objective of this paper is to provide a brief overview on the student research activities and to find out the outcome measures in terms of publication. Methods: It was a retrospective study done on SSM research projects at UKM. The SSM research is conducted from beginning of year-4 until 1st seven weeks of year-5. In year-4, students are assigned to a faculty-supervisor in small groups and spend every Thursday afternoon to plan and carry the research. Whole first seven weeks of year-5, students are placed with their supervisor continuously to collect data, do analysis, write report and present in the scientific conference. Outcomes of 5-years SSM research-projects starting from 2008/2009 to 2012/2013 academic session were analyzed. Results: Total 257 projects were completed and presented in annual scientific meetings from which 57 (22.2%) articles were published in peer reviewed journals. Conclusion: Mandatory undergraduate student research project brings an opportunity to develop students’ capacity building from conception to final report writing and thereby narrowing the gap between education and practice. Medical schools should implement research module to bring changes in research and publication culture of undergraduate medical education. PMID:26150832
Undergraduate Direct PLUS Loan Request Form/Worksheet The Direct Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students (PLUS) is a non-need based educational loan program for parents, step-parents, and legal guardians of dependent undergraduate students. PLUS loans at the University of Maryland must be borrowed through
Examines two systems for quality assurance in nursing education, based on total quality management. The first is concerned with what needs to be done to achieve goals and objectives, based on quality characteristics associated with nurse education. The second considers how things should be done and how to translate policy statements into educator…
Efforts to improve undergraduate STEM education lie at the forefront of many national educational policies. The recent National Academies of Science study of discipline-based educational research (DBER)is typical of such efforts. Most of the initiatives to improve student learning in STEM focus on the the student or the instructor in the classroom (Austin, 2011). This focus is consistent with the work by Seymour & Hewitt (1997), which found that poor teaching in STEM adversely affects learning and retention in the major. Professional development efforts focus on helping the individual STEM faculty member to figure out what to do to improve student learning. Substantial research (Austin, 2011) shows that the origin of many learning problems lies beyond the control of the instructor or the individual classroom. In these circumstances what is a STEM faculty member to do? This paper explores answers to this question. The first step is to define the nature of the problem. Is it related to classroom teaching and learning such as knowledge, skills, and interest in the major? If so then what environmental factors affect strategic alternatives, including type of course, instructor characteristics, and prior teaching experience (Fairweather & Rhoads, 1995)? Does good disciplinary-based research on the learning problem exist? If so then how can the research results be translated into practice? If not then does good research from other disciplines exist? If relevant evidenced-based research does not exist at all then how can STEM instructors learn to evaluate key learning outcomes and find ways to ameliorate problems? Despite appearances not all STEM teaching and learning problems are classroom-based. Some problems derive from curricula, others from faculty work-related issues such as rewards and work load. Any classroom reform effort must reflect accurately the system in which the teaching and learning take place. Understanding these systemic interactions improves the ability of likelihood that STEM faculty members' efforts to improve instruction in the classroom will be effective and enduring (Fisher, Fairweather, & Amey, 2003). In the presentation I discuss a program to incorporate computational competencies in the classroom and curricula. I use this example to help individual STEM instructors understand how to think about improving what goes on in their classroom while at the same time doing so in a way that increases the likelihood that the reform will work and endure. I discuss the importance of building networks among like-minded colleagues within and across institutions as a critical element in successful reform. References Austin, A. (2011). Promoting evidence based change in undergraduate science education. Washington, DC: National Academies of Science. Fairweather, J., and Rhoads, R. (1995). Teaching and the faculty role: Enhancing the commitment to instruction in American Colleges and Universities. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 17: 179-194. Fisher, D., Fairweather, J., & Amey. M. (2003). Systemic reform in undergraduate engineering education: The role of collective responsibility. International Journal of Engineering Education 19: 768-776. Seymour, E. & Hewitt, N. M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Tryssenaar, Joyce; And Others
A survey of interdisciplinary educational activities received replies from 11 occupational therapy and 9 physiotherapy programs in Canada. Results indicate that interdisciplinary activities are encouraged and may expand. A model to guide the experiences would be useful. (JOW)
Clark, R. D.; Yalda, S.
Linked Environments for Atmospheric Discovery (LEAD) has as its goal to make meteorological data, forecast models, and analysis and visualization tools available to anyone who wants to interactively explore the weather as it evolves. LEAD advances through the development and beta-deployment of Integrated Test Beds (ITBs), which are technology build-outs that are the fruition of collaborative IT and meteorological research. As the ITBs mature, opportunities emerge for the integration of this new technological capability into the education arena. The LEAD education and outreach initiative is aimed at bringing new capabilities into classroom from the middle school level to graduate education and beyond, and ensuring the congruency of this technology with curricular. One of the principal goals of LEAD is to democratize the availability of advanced weather technologies for research and education. The degree of democratization is tied to the growth of student knowledge and skills, and is correlated with education level (though not for every student in the same way). The average high school student may experience LEAD through an environment that retains a higher level of instructor control compared to the undergraduate and graduate student. This is necessary to accommodate not only differences in knowledge and skills, but the computer capabilities in the classroom such that the "teachable moment" is not lost.Undergraduates will have the opportunity to query observation data and model output, explore and discover relationships through concept mapping using an ontology service, select domains of interest based on current weather, and employ an experiment builder within the LEAD portal as an interface to configure, launch the WRF model, monitor the workflow, and visualize results using Unidata's Integrated Data Viewer (IDV), whether it be on a local server or across the TeraGrid. Such a robust and comprehensive suite of tools and services can create new paradigms for embedding students in an authentic, contextualized environment where the knowledge domain is an extension, yet integral supplement, to the classroom experience.This presentation describes two different approaches for the use of LEAD in undergraduate education: 1) a use-case for integrating LEAD technology into undergraduate subject material; and 2) making LEAD capability available to a select group of students participating in the National Collegiate Forecasting Contest (NCFC). The use-case (1) is designed to have students explore a particular weather phenomenon (e.g., a frontal boundary, jet streak, or lake effect snow event) through self-guided inquiry, and is intended as a supplement to classroom instruction. Students will use interactive, Web-based, LEAD-to-Learn modules created specifically to build conceptual knowledge of the phenomenon, adjoin germane terminology, explore relationships between concepts and similar phenomena using the LEAD ontology, and guide them through the experiment builder and workflow orchestration process in order to establish a high-resolution WRF run over a region that exhibits the characteristics of the phenomenon they wish to study. The results of the experiment will be stored in the student's MyLEAD workspace from which it can be retrieved, visualized and analyzed for atmospheric signatures characteristic of the phenomenon. The learning process is authentic in that students will be exposed to the same process of investigation, and will have available many of the same tools, as researchers. The modules serve to build content knowledge, guide discovery, and provide assessment while the LEAD portal opens the gateway to real-time observations, model accessibility, and a variety of tools, services, and resources.
Arcaro, Jerome S.
This book describes how the principles of quality can be applied to education. Based on the work of W. Edwards Deming and Joseph M. Juran, the book outlines a systematic and practical approach to implementing quality in educational settings. It also describes how to encourage staff participation in quality initiatives. Total-quality schools are…
Wilczenski, Felicia L.
Education students' attitudes towards mainstreaming are crucial to the future success of the movement toward inclusive education. This study describes the attitudes toward mainstreaming held by undergraduate education students and assesses attitude changes related to knowledge about handicapping conditions and the field of education as well as…
Oneha, M F; Sloat, A; Shoultz, J; Tse, A
Consistent with the goal of reforming nursing education to support nursing's agenda for health care reform, a community-based, multiprofessional initiative supported by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation began in Hawaii in 1991. This initiative created a partnership among the University of Hawaii Schools of Medicine, Nursing, Social Work, and Public Health, three community health centers, and their communities to provide a community-based, integrated system of health care, education, and research. In response to this initiative, the School of Nursing developed an integrated undergraduate curriculum consisting of: a discipline-specific tutorial using an inquiry-based learning strategy; a multiprofessional tutorial; and a 1-year clinical experience providing culturally competent primary care. Community-based education has stimulated changes in the philosophy, mission, and curriculum of the School of Nursing. The outcomes achieved as a result of this initiative have had a favorable impact on clients using the community health centers, the communities, the School of Nursing, and the students. PMID:9535229
Schaffner, Andrew Alan
To keep pace with advances in applied statistics and to maintain literate consumers of quantitative analyses, statistics educators stress the need for change in the classroom (Cobb, 1992; Garfield, 1993, 1995; Moore, 1991a; Snee, 1993; Steinhorst and Keeler, 1995). These authors stress a more concept oriented undergraduate introductory statistics course which emphasizes true understanding over mechanical skills. Drawing on recent educational research, this dissertation attempts to realize this vision by developing tools and pedagogy to assist statistics instructors. This dissertation describes statistical facets, pieces of statistical understanding that are building blocks of knowledge, and discusses DIANA, a World-Wide Web tool for diagnosing facets. Further, I show how facets may be incorporated into course design through the development of benchmark lessons based on the principles of collaborative learning (diSessa and Minstrell, 1995; Cohen, 1994; Reynolds et al., 1995; Bruer, 1993; von Glasersfeld, 1991) and activity based courses (Jones, 1991; Yackel, Cobb and Wood, 1991). To support benchmark lessons and collaborative learning in large classes I describe Virtual Benchmark Instruction, benchmark lessons which take place on a structured hypertext bulletin board using the technology of the World-Wide Web. Finally, I present randomized experiments which suggest that these educational developments are effective in a university introductory statistics course.
Debra T. Burhans; Gary R. Skuse
The successful implementation of educational programs in bioinformatics presents many challenges. The interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics requires close cooperation between computer scientists and biologists despite inescapable differences in the ways in which members of these professions think. It is clear that the development of quality curricula for bioinformatics must draw upon the expertise of both disciplines. In addition, biologists and
G. Alfred Hess Jr. Undergraduate Research Fund established by the School of Education and Social Policy with the family and friends of G. Alfred Hess Jr. Overview The G. Alfred Hess Jr. Undergraduate Research Fellowship Fund ("Hess Fund") was established in 2005-06 to honor and remember Fred Hess for his
Robert W. Covert; Norman M. Chansky
Three hundred and six Masters of Education students at a large urban university were divided into six subgroups according to sex and to each of three levels of undergraduate grade point average. Correlation coefficients between graduate grade point average and each of three predictor variables, consisting of Graduate Record Examinations—Verbal score, Graduate Record Examination— Quantitative score, and undergraduate grade point
determine if the program really fits their personal goals and educational objectives. Through a careful student records. 4. Students will apply for graduation with their academic advisor, at which time general, fellowships, and grants-in-aid, see the current BYU Graduate Catalog. College of Health and Human Performance
Greiner, Ann C., Ed.; Knebel, Elisa, Ed.
The Institute of Medicine study Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) recommended that an interdisciplinary summit be held to further reform of health professions education in order to enhance quality and patient safety. Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality is the follow up to that summit, held in June 2002, where 150 participants across…
Nightingale, Peggy; O'Neil, Mike
This volume on quality learning in higher education discusses issues of good practice particularly action learning and Total Quality Management (TQM)-type strategies and illustrates them with seven case studies in Australia and the United Kingdom. Chapter 1 discusses issues and problems in defining quality in higher education. Chapter 2 looks at…
Oppong, Raymond; Mistry, Hema; Frew, Emma
In the UK, the General Medical Council clearly stipulates that upon completion of training, medical students should be able to discuss the principles underlying the development of health and health service policy, including issues relating to health economics. In response, researchers from the UK and other countries have called for a need to incorporate health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. The Health Economics education website was developed to encourage and support teaching and learning in health economics for medical students. It was designed to function both as a forum for teachers of health economics to communicate and to share resources and also to provide instantaneous access to supporting literature and teaching materials on health economics. The website provides a range of free online material that can be used by both health economists and non-health economists to teach the basic principles of the discipline. The Health Economics education website is the only online education resource that exists for teaching health economics to medical undergraduate students and it provides teachers of health economics with a range of comprehensive basic and advanced teaching materials that are freely available. This article presents the website as a tool to encourage the incorporation of health economics training into the undergraduate medical curricula. PMID:24034906
Karukstis, Kerry K.
The value of undergraduate research workshop to significantly enhance the quality of undergraduate science education was cited as one of the goals by the National Science Foundations (NSF) Strategic Plan. To address this strategic national need, the Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR) has granted an NSF course, curriculum, and laboratory…
Yonke, Annette M.; Foley, Richard P.
Ambulatory care undergraduate medical education from 1979-91 is examined and two major problems are found: (1) difficulties in transfer of educational techniques from hospital to ambulatory care setting; and (2) problems in definition of ambulatory care, primary care, and community-oriented primary care. A framework for planning education and…
Conway, Colleen; Eros, John; Pellegrino, Kristen; West, Chad
In response to recent concern regarding music education major retention and as an effort to contribute to the "lives of teachers" scholarship in music education, the primary research question for this study was: How do undergraduate students describe their lived experiences within the instrumental music education community? Data included a…
This paper reviews recent research, literature and the views of a small sample of senior managers and academics in English higher education institutions on the challenges associated with embedding quality. When implemented by a university, quality enhancement models such as total quality management and the European Foundation for Quality…
The purpose of this study is to investigate the integration of strategic management and quality assurance in higher education. The study presents how the value chain can be described in the strategy and quality maps, which are, respectively graphical representations of the strategic plan and the quality assurance system. The quality map is a new…
Karim, Jumanah; Al-Halabi, Becher; Marwan, Yousef; Sadeq, Hussain; Dawas, Ahmed; Al-Abdulrazzaq, Dalia
Background Educational environment of an institution affects the quality of learning. We aim to assess the educational environment of the undergraduate curriculum of Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University (FOMKU). Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out during April 2014. The validated Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was e-mailed to 607 students. Mean scores of the main domains of the questionnaire, and for each item, were calculated, and their association with the students’ background information was measured using Student’s t-test (P-value of ?0.05 was considered as the cut-off level of significance). Results Of 607 students, 117 (19.3%) completed the questionnaire. The total mean score for DREEM was 108.7/200 (54.3%). The mean score for students’ perception of teaching, perception of teachers, academic self-perception, perception of atmosphere, and social self-perception were 25.2/48 (52.5%), 24.6/44 (55.9%), 18.4/32 (57.5%), 26.2/48 (54.5%), and 14.3/28 (51.0%), respectively. The highest mean score for an item of DREEM questionnaire was for “my accommodation is pleasant” (3.48±0.75), while the lowest was for “there is a good support system for students who get stressed” (0.88±0.86). The total mean score was not significantly different between the two phases of the curriculum, or among males and females; however, few significant differences among the main domains and items were noted. Conclusion Based on the learners’ perspectives, the educational environment of FOMKU, was suboptimal. Medical educators in Kuwait should improve this environment in order to advance the quality of the delivered curriculum. PMID:25897273
Palma, James K
Nearly all physician specialties currently utilize bedside ultrasound, and its applications continue to expand. Bedside ultrasound is becoming a core skill for physicians; as such, it should be taught during undergraduate medical education. When ultrasound is integrated in a longitudinal manner beginning in the preclerkship phase of medical school, it not only enhances teaching the basic science topics of anatomy, physiology, and pathology but also ties those skills and knowledge to the clerkship phase and medical decision-making. Bedside ultrasound is a natural bridge from basic science to clinical science. The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine is currently in its fourth year of implementing an integrated ultrasound curriculum in the school of medicine. In our experience, successful integration of a bedside ultrasound curriculum should: align with unique focuses of a medical schools' mission, simplify complex anatomy through multimodal teaching, correlate to teaching of the physical examination, solidify understanding of physiology and pathology, directly link to other concurrent content, narrow differential diagnoses, enhance medical decision-making, improve procedural skills, match to year-group skillsets, develop teaching and leadership abilities, and have elective experiences for advanced topics. PMID:25850144
in undergraduate education, graduate education, and outreach in equine sciences, and be recognized as the leading university program in equine science in the nation. Undergraduate education will include experientialEquine Science and Business Goal: Colorado State University will enhance its focus and depth
Farooq, M. S.; Akhtar, M. S.; Ullah, S. Zia; Memon, R. A.
The purpose of the paper is to analyzing thoughts of the modern management paradigm "Total Quality Management" (TQM), and its application in the field of education. The basic theme of TQM is participatory approach to address the question(s) of quality in business aswell as in the field of education. Reviewing fresh literature from the internet …
National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2013
A quality physical education program provides learning opportunities, appropriate instruction, meaningful and challenging content, and student and program assessment. In addition, a quality physical education improves mental alertness, academic performance, and readiness and enthusiasm for learning in the nation's youth. This brief provides a list…
Leh, Amy S. C.; Jobin, Andrianna
Discussion of the benefits and drawbacks of distance education and online instruction in higher education focuses on quality control. Topics include quality of product, of learning, and of technology; student prerequisites; instructional design; faculty support systems; and program design, including professional development versus academic degree…
Pena-Carrion, Zulma M.
The knowledge society requires the acquisition of certain competencies for the development of social capital; some of these competencies are related to the development of a scientific culture. This qualitative research was carried out through a descriptive case study that analyzed, compared and contrasted the curricular reform processes and institutional policies modifications that occurred in undergraduate level programs of two higher education institutions in Puerto Rico. Modifications established between 1995 and 2005 were included in the research, with particular interest on changes affecting the undergraduate profile, as related to the development of a scientific culture. The theoretical framework used included the identification of general competencies related to the development of a scientific culture. Through qualitative content analysis of official and public documents of each participating institution a determination was made on the existence or absence of the general competencies previously identified and established. The development of a scientific culture was not an institutional goal in any of the participating institutions. No direct evidence was found that institutional policies existed toward the development of a scientific culture. Competencies related to the theoretical framework used by this research were found in some of the institutional goals and in General Education courses. The General Education component was identified as a common or core curriculum in all undergraduate programs; its purpose was the development in students of the general competencies and characteristics that favor the acquisition of an integrated education in individuals. The research found that one of the participating institutions included, within the General Education component, the general competencies that are directly related to the development of a scientific culture. The creation of a scientific culture, and its development and contribution, will depend upon mastery acquired of competencies and their operational capabilities, application and use; and not upon the advancement and growth of scientific knowledge. Therefore, we propose that to prepare an undergraduate student that possesses the necessary competencies that will boost the development of the knowledge society, curricula must be designed in a manner that includes and enhances the competencies that are related to the advancement of a scientific culture.
Mahalley D. Allen; Sally A. Parker; Teodora C. DeLorenzo
The Community Legal Information Center (CLIC) of California State University, Chico, provides a unique civic engagement program designed to serve the legal service needs of Northern California. Founded in 1969, CLIC is now a 12-program, on-campus law clinic staffed by up to 125 undergraduate students each semester and is the most extensive undergraduate legal clinic in the nation. Although free
This paper seeks to examine two systems designed for thinking about and improving the understanding of quality assurance in nurse educator functions, using Total Quality Management (TQM) principles. The first system is concerned with what needs to be done to realise major goals and objectives. The design parameters, adapted from established quality concepts, are those quality characteristics specifically associated with nurse educator functions--perceived as a set of services. The second system considers how things should be done. How policy statements can be translated into specific educator behaviours and practices that publicly assert institutional values to student customers within a process of continuous quality improvement. Further sections look at the integrated working of the systems and discuss system implications. A final summary exhorts nurse educators to forge closer working relationships with their student customers to fashion a quality service. PMID:7565523
The practice of "franchising" higher education programs, or provision of educational programs through vendors, is examined as it occurs in the United Kingdom as a result of recent educational policy changes. A set of principles for assuring the quality of such programs is proposed. (MSE)
Schmidt, S. J.; Parmer, M. S.; Bohn, D. M.
Large undergraduate classes are a challenge to manage, to engage, and to assess, yet such formidable classes can flourish when student participation is facilitated. One method of generating authentic student involvement is implementation of quality circles by means of a Student Feedback Committee (SFC), which is a volunteer problem-solving and…
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to critically review dominant conceptions of and approaches to quality in higher education. It suggests an alternative approach with potential to shift the focus of quality activities from accountability and control to improvement. Design/methodology/approach: The applicability and limits of quality concepts…
Sauter, John P., Jr.
Trends in higher education indicate a growing diversification of student populations. However, faculty racial and gender diversity lags behind the nation. Given this difference, this study proposed an exploration of multicultural competence among undergraduate faculty to offer insight into how higher education, and faculty in particular, might…
Arapahoe Community Coll., Littleton, CO.
This annual report provides an overview of Arapahoe Community College's (Colorado) efforts to improve undergraduate education and the success of those efforts as of 1993-94. After outlining changes made in the transfer, vocational education, and developmental studies programs, the report provides information on specific recommendations implemented…
Evans, Elizabeth L.
This qualitative phenomenological study sought to describe the lived experiences of full- time faculty engaged in undergraduate learning outcomes assessment at the program or general education level in baccalaureate or master's nonprofit or public institutions of higher education regionally accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The ten…
Design and Development of a Low-Cost Test-Bed for Undergraduate Education in UAVs D. Jung, E. J for the development of a low-cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) test-bed for educational purposes. The objective) and graduate students (secondarily) in UAV research. The complete design and development of all hardware
Ronald H. King; Richard Rawson
This study reports the results of a survey of business school graduates with respect to their satisfaction with their education. Aspects investigated included usefulness of specific courses as well as applicability to the job, and the major strengths and weaknesses of the undergraduate business school education received.
Wiedmer, Terry L.
Undergraduate and graduate education students (N=2,405) from 13 Renaissance Group Institutions were surveyed regarding their perceptions of the expectations of faculty involved in teacher education. A questionnaire, completed by participants, asked for background information and opinions regarding faculty work, pay, and role expectations. Student…
MacVaugh, Jason; Jones, Anna; Auty, Stephanie
This paper reports the findings of a longitudinal investigation into the effectiveness of skills education programmes within business and management undergraduate degree courses. During the period between 2005 and 2011, a large business school in the south-west of England was developed and implemented two distinct approaches to skills education.…
Weber, James F.
An overview is provided of Arapahoe Community College's (ACC's) efforts to improve undergraduate education and the success of those efforts. After outlining changes made in the transfer, vocational education, and developmental studies programs, the report identifies new strategies that have been adopted to disseminate information about…
Dunne, Fidelma; McAleer, Sean; Roff, Susan
Objective: To assess the undergraduate educational environment in a large UK medical school. Method: Prospective study using the already validated Dundee Ready Education Environment (DREEM) questionnaire ("Appendix 1"). Setting: A large UK medical school. Participants: All medical students enrolled in the academic year 2002/2003. Main outcome…
Brewer, Charles L.
Traces the history of undergraduate psychology curricula in the United States, highlighting relevant conferences and reports. Special attention is paid to the St. Mary's Conference (Maryland) in 1991 and dramatic changes in the teaching of psychology in secondary schools. (SLD)
Nunn, J. A.; Agnew, J.
NSF and the Shell Foundation sponsor a program called Louisiana Undergraduate Recruitment and Geoscience Education (LaURGE). Goals of LaURGE are: 1) Interweave geoscience education into the existing curriculum; 2) Provide teachers with lesson plans that promote interest in geoscience, critical thinking by students, and are consistent with current knowledge in geoscience; and 3) Provide teachers with supplies that make these lessons the highlights of the course. Biology workshops were held at LSU in Baton Rouge and Centenary College in Shreveport in July 2009. 25 teachers including 5 African-Americans attended the workshops. Teachers were from public and private schools in seven different parishes. Teacher experience ranged from 3 years to 40 years. Courses impacted are Biology, Honors Biology, AP Biology, and Environmental Science. The workshops began with a field trip to Mississippi to collect fossil shark teeth and create a virtual field trip. After the field trip, teachers do a series of activities on fossil shark teeth to illustrate evolution and introduce basic concepts such as geologic time, superposition, and faunal succession. Teachers were also given a $200 budget from which to select fossils for use in their classrooms. One of our exercises explores the evolution of the megatoothed shark lineage leading to Carcharocles megalodon, the largest predatory shark in history with teeth up to 17 cm long. Megatoothed shark teeth have an excellent fossil record and show continuous transitions in morphology from the Eocene to Pliocene. We take advantage of the curiosity of sharks shared by most people, and allow teachers to explore the variations among different shark teeth and to explain the causes of those variations. Objectives are to have teachers (and their students): 1) sort fossil shark teeth into biologically reasonable species; 2) form hypotheses about evolutionary relationships; and 3) describe and interpret evolutionary trends in the fossil Megatoothed lineage. The exercise concludes with discussion of the environmental and biotic events occurring between the Eocene and Miocene epochs that may have caused evolutionary changes in the megatooth shark’s teeth. Other topics covered include radiometric age dating, biogeochemical cycles, and human impact on the carbon and sulfur cycles. Pretests and posttests were administered to assess effectiveness of the program as well as identify teacher misconceptions. This information will be used in future workshops. NSF funding will allow the biology workshops to be repeated in 2010. In addition, a new workshop for physics teachers will be introduced in 2010.
Lewis, Ralph G.; Smith, Douglas H.
This volume offers a detailed argument for and description of Total Quality Management (TQM) for institutions of higher education. Chapter 1 elaborates on why TQM is good for higher education and includes some warning as to why implementation at colleges and universities may not be easy. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the history of the TQM…
Wang, Jing'ai; Sheng, Zhongyao; Yu, Han
The construction of a course focused on remote sensing is important because it cultivates college students' geographic abilities and popularizes remote sensing technology. Using internet datasets, this article compares data from general undergraduate courses at almost 100 universities located in the United States and China with 3 years of experimental teaching data from the general undergraduate "Remote sensing Region" course at Beijing Normal University. The comparison focuses on curricular concepts, course content, website construction and the popularity of the remote sensing topic. Our research shows that the "remote sensing region" course can promote the geographic abilities of college students by popularizing remote sensing observation technology. The course can improve the overall quality of college students by breaking major barriers, and it can promote global and national consciousness by presenting material with global and regional relevancy. Remote sensing imaging has become known as the third most intuitive geographic language after text and maps. The general remote sensing course have the three following developmental qualities: interdisciplinarity, popularization and internationalization.
Education is often seen as a contrast (or even contest) between being a process of liberal education (with the aim of fostering life-long independent, innovative and creative thinking useful throughout life) and delivering vocational education (immediately applicable skills and competencies, ready for the world of work--"employability").…
Joner, Michael D.; Albretsen, J.; Hintz, E. G.; Moody, J. W.; Short, C.; Swenson, C.
Brigham Young University maintains a growing and healthy undergraduate astronomy major within its Department of Physics and Astronomy. This program focuses on maintaining mentored experiences that provide undergraduate students with numerous opportunities to participate in astronomical research experiences using data from various sources. All students in the program are currently required to produce a senior thesis as part of their work toward an undergraduate degree. Results from these senior thesis investigations are often significant and are incorporated into publications that appear in peer reviewed journals. We have utilized one half of the observing time on the Tenagra II 0.8-meter telescope located in southern Arizona during the 2006 through 2007 observing season. Undergraduate students have made frequent use of the data obtained from this telescope for a variety of projects. These projects include variable star searches in open clusters, monitoring of AGNs, precision photometric observations of standard fields and open clusters, H-alpha observations and monitoring of PMS objects, analysis and characterization of CCD detector characteristics, and some time series observations of known variable stars. Some of the observations have even been used to teach students to construct color images that are useful in public outreach programs. This poster presents a variety of results that have been obtained during approximately six months of observing time on the Tenagra II telescope. All of these observations have been reviewed and processed by undergraduate students as part of a system established to handle a continuous data flow. Many of the results presented are part of senior thesis and undergraduate class projects for students who are not part of the regular data acquisition team. We express thanks to the BYU College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences for funding the initiative to utilize the Tenagra II telescope in support of mentored undergraduate research.
Hoag, Nathan A; Hamidizadeh, Reza; Macneily, Andrew E
BACKGROUND: With the increased development of distributed sites for medical education across Canada, it is imperative we ensure that the quality of education is comparable between the different campuses. Our objective was to assess medical student experience and comfort with common urologic clinical encounters and to determine whether any differences exist between the distributed education sites at the University of British Columbia (UBC). METHODS: Questionnaires assessing urologic education were delivered simultaneously to all final-year UBC medical students attending campuses in Vancouver, Victoria and Prince George. Results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Overall, 55.8% of students felt their exposure to urology was adequate in the medical curriculum; learners in the Northern Program (Prince George) ranked their clinical and didactic experiences significantly higher. Areas requiring improvement include teaching of the male genitourinary exam, digital rectal exam and sexual history, in which learners rated teaching "good/outstanding" in only 18.2%, 47.7% and 43.2% of cases, respectively. Overall, students were most comfortable with the following clinical encounters: urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, hematuria, incontinence and prostate cancer. Few differences in student experience or comfort were noted related to campus site, gender or urology clerkship exposure. CONCLUSION: A significant minority of learners perceived that they had inadequate exposure to urology in the undergraduate curriculum. Experience in urology was comparable across the distributed sites and was congruent with teaching objectives. Students were comfortable with the clinical scenarios deemed most important in the literature. Learners in the Northern Program were significantly more satisfied with their urologic teaching, which potentially highlights the advantages of learning in a smaller academic setting. PMID:21539767
The evaluation of educational or social programmes is paramount for establishing success or impact in higher education. Evaluation questions about programme goals (e.g. better performance of first-year students) or about the quality of programme strategies (design and implementation) and effectiveness of delivery (coordinator inputs and…
How do we know that we are delivering quality in a maritime education? If we are measuring a product, do we count the number of students who secure jobs upon graduation, or do we look for stellar career achievements? How do we describe our ideal graduate? Do we care about character education? Do we measure knowledge? If so, do we
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM Plan 2008: Educational Quality Through Racial and Ethnic Diversity-1559 #12;Table of Contents Introduction 2 Plan 2008 Planning Concepts 3 Building Upon Design for Diversity 2008 43 1 #12;Education is not a trivial business, a private good, or a discretionary expenditure
Chapman, David W.; Miric, Suzanne L.
Some of the most dramatic growth in the provision of primary and secondary education over the last decade has occurred across countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Yet student achievement across MENA is lagging compared to many other parts of the world. Low quality of education is a primary concern and one of the greatest…
Rauf, Ayesha; Shamim, Muhammad Shahid; Aly, Syed Moyn; Chundrigar, Tariq; Alam, Shams Nadeem
Formative assessment, described as "the process of appraising, judging or evaluating students' work or performance and using this to shape and improve students' competence", is generally missing from medical schools of Pakistan. Progressive institutions conduct "formative assessment" as a fleeting part of the curriculum by using various methods that may or may not include feedback to learners. The most important factor in the success of formative assessment is the quality of feedback, shown to have the maximum impact on student accomplishment. Inclusion of formative assessment into the curriculum and its implementation will require the following: Enabling Environment, Faculty and student Training, Role of Department of Medical Education (DME). Many issues can be predicted that may jeopardize the effectiveness of formative assessment including faculty resistance, lack of motivation from students and faculty and paucity of commitment from the top administration. For improvement in medical education in Pakistan, we need to develop a system considered worthy by national and international standards. This paper will give an overview of formative assessment, its implications and recommendations for implementation in medical institutes of Pakistan. PMID:24605718
Coates, Hamish; Mahat, Marian
Quality assurance conventions are being challenged by emerging business scenarios with alluring economies. This paper analyses shaping contexts, resulting hybridised forms of higher education, and consequences for quality assurance. It devotes sustained attention to unpacking what, as a result of contemporary reconfigurations, would appear to be…
Greiner, Ann C., Ed.; Knebel, Elisa, Ed.
The 2001 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report "Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century" recommended that an interdisciplinary summit be held to develop next steps for reform of health professions education in order to enhance patient care quality and safety. In June 2002, the IOM convened this summit, which included 150…
The author reviews a book entitled "Leadership for quality and accountability in education" written by Mark Brundrett and Christopher Rhodes. In the book, Mark Brundrett and Christopher Rhodes explain, "the role of leadership and its direct relationship with quality and accountability in enhancing learning outcomes". The book's ultimate goal, "is…
Joseph Schafer; Daniel J. Ragsdale; John R. Surdu; Curtis A. Carver
This paper describes a unique resource at West Point, the Information Analysis and Research Laboratory, referred to as the IWAR range. The IWAR range is an isolated laboratory used by undergraduate students and faculty researchers. The IWAR is a production-system-like, heterogeneous environment. The IWAR has become a vital part of the Information Assurance curriculum at West Point. We use the
Roofe, Nina L.
Qualitative research was conducted with undergraduate nutrition majors at the University of Central Arkansas to explore the impact of service-learning on personal and professional development. After participating in the program, the dietetic students (n 20) wrote reflection papers. The personal impact sections of the reflections were coded and…
Ferrini-Mundy, Joan; Gucler, Beste
Efforts to reform and improve teaching and learning in the undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines have grown increasingly stronger and more focused over the past two decades. Since the early 1990s, some notable unifying developments have given coherence to such initiatives, as well as other developments…
Hajdarpasic, Ademir; Brew, Angela; Popenici, Stefan
Can current trends to develop teaching-only academic positions be reconciled with the notion of the interrelationship of teaching and research as a defining characteristic of universities? In particular, what does academics' engagement in research add to students' learning? A study of 200 undergraduates' perceptions of the role of staff research…
Wiese, Candace; Newton, Genevieve
This study examined the use of lecture capture in students in a large 3rd year undergraduate biological science course at the University of Guelph. Data regarding viewing behaviour, academic performance, and attendance were analyzed in relation to student learning approach (as assessed by the R-SPQ-2F), gender, and year of post-secondary…
Bunde, Janet; Engel, Deena
"Computing in the Humanities," an undergraduate course for Computer Science Department majors and minors and Web Programming minors at New York University, represents a unique collaboration between the Computer Science Department and the University Archives. The course's final assignment required students to select, digitize, and contextualize…
Allen, Mahalley D.; Parker, Sally A.; DeLorenzo, Teodora C.
The Community Legal Information Center (CLIC) of California State University, Chico, provides a unique civic engagement program designed to serve the legal service needs of Northern California. Founded in 1969, CLIC is now a 12-program, on-campus law clinic staffed by up to 125 undergraduate students each semester and is the most extensive…
John Anderson; Jacky Baltes
Teaching robotics to undergraduate students requires a course framework that allows students to learn about robotics in stages, without being overwhelmed with details. Such a framework must also provide the students with a motivating application environment that challenges them to apply what they have learned. Robotics competitions have proven to be an excellent method for motivating students, so the frame-
Nilsson, Gunnar; Zary, Nabil
Introduction. The big data present in the medical curriculum that informs undergraduate medical education is beyond human abilities to perceive and analyze. The medical curriculum is the main tool used by teachers and directors to plan, design, and deliver teaching and assessment activities and student evaluations in medical education in a continuous effort to improve it. Big data remains largely unexploited for medical education improvement purposes. The emerging research field of visual analytics has the advantage of combining data analysis and manipulation techniques, information and knowledge representation, and human cognitive strength to perceive and recognize visual patterns. Nevertheless, there is a lack of research on the use and benefits of visual analytics in medical education. Methods. The present study is based on analyzing the data in the medical curriculum of an undergraduate medical program as it concerns teaching activities, assessment methods and learning outcomes in order to explore visual analytics as a tool for finding ways of representing big data from undergraduate medical education for improvement purposes. Cytoscape software was employed to build networks of the identified aspects and visualize them. Results. After the analysis of the curriculum data, eleven aspects were identified. Further analysis and visualization of the identified aspects with Cytoscape resulted in building an abstract model of the examined data that presented three different approaches; (i) learning outcomes and teaching methods, (ii) examination and learning outcomes, and (iii) teaching methods, learning outcomes, examination results, and gap analysis. Discussion. This study identified aspects of medical curriculum that play an important role in how medical education is conducted. The implementation of visual analytics revealed three novel ways of representing big data in the undergraduate medical education context. It appears to be a useful tool to explore such data with possible future implications on healthcare education. It also opens a new direction in medical education informatics research. PMID:25469323
Gross, N. A.; Buxner, S.; Cobabe-Ammann, E. A.; Fraknoi, A.; Moldwin, M.; Peticolas, L. M.; Low, R.; Schultz, G. R.
As part of the NASA Education Forums, the Higher Education Working Group (HEWG) strives to support undergraduate science education through a variety of activities. These activities include: providing resource that incorporate space science topics into the existing undergraduate curriculum, understanding the role that community colleges play in STEM education and preparing STEM teachers, and identifying issues in diversity related to STEM education. To assess the best way of including space science into the undergraduate curriculum, the HEWG held a series of workshops and conducted surveys of undergraduate faculty who are conducting research in space science. During this engagement, the faculty expressed a need for a centralized repository of materials that can be used as part of already existing undergraduate courses in astronomy, physics, and earth science. Such a repository has since been developed, the 'EarthSpace Higher Education Clearing House (http://www.lpi.usra.edu/earthspace/) and it is still growing. Additional community tools, such as a newsletter, are provided through this website. To better understand the role and needs of community colleges, the HEWG undertook and extensive survey of community college STEM faculty. 187 faculty responded to the survey and the results show the extensive teaching load these faculty have, as well as the diverse demographics and the extent to which STEM teachers begin their preparation at 2 year institutions. Finally, the HEWG has begun to work on understanding the issues faced in increasing the diversity of the STEM work force. Progress and results of all this work will be summarized in this presentation.
Durham, Carol F; Sherwood, Gwen D
Educators are challenged to integrate quality and safety concepts into nursing curricula, staff development, and continuing education. This article presents an unfolding case study simulation for urinary tract infection highlighting Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) competencies. PMID:19241781
McClain, Oren L.
The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate the mathematics educational experiences of Black undergraduate students majoring in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines at the University of Virginia. Using Murrell's (2009) situated-mediated identity theory as the theoretical framework, this study examines…
Aurandt, Jennifer; Borchers, Andrew Scott; Lynch-Caris, Terri; El-Sayed, Jacqueline; Hoff, Craig
This paper chronicles the development of an interdisciplinary course in environmentally conscious design at Kettering University, a technologically focused Midwestern university. Funded by the National Science Foundation, a team of six faculty members at Kettering University adapted work done by Ford Motor Company to educate undergraduate STEM…
Gavin, Russell B.
The purpose of this study was to examine the degree withdrawal patterns of undergraduate music education majors, with a specific focus on the individual experiences of students withdrawing from the major. Data from recently withdrawn students (N = 14) were assembled using a qualitative methodology that included semistructured interviews,…
Holm, Bethany; Carter, Virginia Celeste; Woodin, Terry
The purpose of this short article is to (a) briefly summarize the findings of two important recent resources concerning the future of biology in the 21st century; one, Vision and Change, A Call to Action [AAAS, 2009. AAAS, Washington, DC], concerned with undergraduate education in biology, the other, A New Biology for the 21st Century [National…
Harper, Lin; Ross, Jerry
Malcolm Knowles' theory of andragogy is best known in the world of adult education as a conceptualization of how and why adults learn. The following practice-based article that has applied Knowles' theories and precepts to an undergraduate program reflects on how those concepts work with people whom Knowles might well have not considered "adults."…
In disciplines such as Management, where research capacity is not seen as an obvious workplace skill, it is difficult to get students to engage in research activities. They see them as too difficult and without value. However, research activities in undergraduate Management education are vital as tools for developing key learning attributes such…
Berkner, Lutz; Berker, Ali; Rooney, Kathryn; Peter, Katharin
During the 1999-2000 academic year, about 16.5 million undergraduates were enrolled in postsecondary institutions for all or part of the year as full- or part-time students. More than one-half of them received some type of financial aid from federal, state, institutional, or other sources to meet their educational expenses, receiving, on average,…
O'Neill, Sue C.; Stephensen, Jennifer
Classroom behaviour management is an essential skill required by all teacher graduates to facilitate instruction in curriculum content. This article describes the classroom behaviour management (CBM) content on offer in Australian undergraduate primary education programs. To date, no nationwide studies exist that report the CBM instruction on…
Spronken-Smith, Rachel; Walker, Rebecca; Batchelor, Julie; O'Steen, Billy; Angelo, Tom
This study involved a meta-analysis of 10 cases of inquiry-based learning (IBL) in undergraduate education to determine the factors which both enable and constrain its use. The enabling factors were found to include: teacher attributes--being student-centred, reflective but rebellious; course design attributes--questions stimulating learning,…
Yijian Huang; Weihua Zhang; Binyu Zang
Recently, the multi-core technology is adopted on more and more computing platforms. As a result, the IT industry demands programmers to have solid knowledge in the whole computer system, so that they can develop highly efficient programs for various multi-core platforms. Consequently, it becomes a great challenge for undergraduate education to foster such programmers. To meet this challenge, the Software
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Two examples of education in Acoustics for undergraduate and young postgraduate students B Olivier Messiaen 72085 Le Mans Cedex 9 email@example.com Proceedings of the Acoustics 2012 to young students in acoustics. First project is dedicated to under- graduate students and deals
Hark, Amy T.
The importance of engaging students in science and helping them to become informed citizens has been highlighted by many groups invested in science education. This report describes a project that furthers both academic and civic goals through the integration of a service learning component into an undergraduate course. This nonmajors class covers…
National Center for Education Statistics, 2014
Approximately 23 million students enrolled in undergraduate postsecondary education in the United States during the 2011-12 academic year (Simone et al. 2013). The Web Tables in this report provide a comprehensive source (2011-12 National Postsecondary Student Aid Study [NPSAS:12]) of information on the financial aid that was awarded to these…
An Experience Report on Undergraduate Cyber-Security Education and Outreach Michael E. Locasto Terms Security Keywords cyber security training, SISMAT 1. INTRODUCTION Organizations face a critical training in cyber security tools. At the same time, information secu- rity problems (e.g., recovering from
Numerous teaching, learning, assessment, and institutional innovations in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education have emerged in the past decade. Because virtually all of these innovations have been developed independently of one another, their goals and purposes vary widely. Some focus on making science…
Tuition and Fees, 2011-12 Public Community College Systems: Average Tuition and Fees, 2011-12 Columbia 36,000 attended Hunter, Brooklyn, Queens and City Colleges for free, but another 24,000 paid tuition17 Six of 10 Full-Time Undergraduates Get Need-Based, Tuition-Free Education $770 million in Pell
National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Directorate for Education and Human Resources.
These proceedings report the efforts of National Science Foundation researchers to disseminate innovations in undergraduate education. Section 1 contains forewords and keynote addresses by Robert F. Watson, Neal F. Lane, and Luther S. Williams. Section 2 contains overviews on dissemination and publishing including "Full-Scale Implementation: The…
Burma, John H.
A 1-year program was aimed at training 9 undergraduate students in techniques of social research and statistics as they apply to the field of education. During the second semester of their junior year trainees took a 4-credit-hour course in methods of social research and participated in a 2-credit project involving lectures, conferences, field…
Corfield-Adams, Maggie Beth
The central purpose of this multiple-case study was to describe the professional identities of six general music teachers who identified as instrumentalists as undergraduates. The study builds upon research addressing why students choose music education (Bergee, et al., 2001; Bright, 2006; Gillespie & Hamann, 1999; Lee, 2003; Madsen &…
Journal of Student Centered Learning, 2003
Outlines Chickering and Gamson's (1991) "Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education" and offers examples of applications of these principles. Argues that good practice encourages student/faculty contact. Makes suggestions for faculty, such as attending student activities and creating campus visibility. Suggests use of principles…
Douglas, Max E.
The purpose of this article is to offer reflections regarding teaching undergraduate students spanning a forty-five year career in higher education. The author discusses his teaching philosophy coupled with his perspective focusing on the "best" pedagogical practices that he has used to enhance student learning. The selected methods are…
Labov, Jay B.
Introductory science courses often give undergraduates their first and, for many students, their last formal exposure to a deeper understanding of science. Thus, introductory courses might be the only opportunity to provide a basic level of scientific literacy for the educated lay public. In this article, the author discusses the challenges and…
Purpose: To present results from a research project on postgraduate and undergraduate students' learning about environmental issues in education. Design/methodology/approach: Three cases were carried out with civil engineering students, biology students and postgraduate students. Discussions in classroom were tape-recorded, as well as discussions…
Bourgeois, Monique; Kirby, Dale
The significance of post-secondary education is investigated for rural Newfoundland women enrolled in undergraduate liberal arts degree programs. Data collection for this research involved comprehensive, detailed semi-structured biographical interviews with rural women studying liberal arts disciplines during the 2006-2007 academic year at…
Enjelvin, Geraldine Daniele
This article sets out to illustrate the needs of a registered blind undergraduate student embarking upon a post-A-level French course at the University of Northampton. It also reflects upon (1) some of the challenges faced by the higher education (HE) tutors concerned and (2) the key adjustments put into place with a view to adopting…
Wood, William; Gentile, James
The 2002 NRC Report "Bio 2010" (NRC, 2003), calling for changes in undergraduate education for biologists, suggested the establishment of summer workshops to help implement reform. While the report was in press, Millard Susman, a retired genetics professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Bob Yuan, a professor at University of…
Ricardo-Osorio, Jose G.
This article reports on findings obtained from an online survey answered by 97 foreign language department chairs. The Web survey was pilot tested for validity and reliability and obtained a Cronbach's reliability coefficient of .80. The results suggest that student learning outcomes assessment in American undergraduate foreign language education…
El Shamy, Usama; Abdoun, Tarek; McMartin, Flora; Pando, Miguel A.
We report the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing, and assessing an educational module that integrates remote major research instrumentation into undergraduate classes. Specifically, this study employs Internet Web-based technologies to allow for real-time video monitoring and execution of cutting-edge experiments. The…
Schonfield, David; Chatfield, Sally
An introductory course in gerontology should be tied to the liberal arts core of higher education and not merely provide assembly lines of facts. Undergraduates should be helped to appreciate difficulties in designing and interpreting gerontological studies and to realize that they are not yet ready to undertake independent empirical…
Taylor, Peter C., Ed.; Gilmer, Penny J., Ed.; Tobin, Kenneth, Ed.
This book comes at a time when epistemological reform is sweeping through the global community of science education. Since the 1970s, the theories of knowing embodied in the teaching activities of school science teachers have been undergoing a major transformation toward more learner-sensitive standpoints. Undergraduate science teaching however,…
Chapman, Michael S.
Undergraduate Medical Education (UME) Program Objectives A. PATIENT CARE AND PROCEDURE SKILLS Core Competency: Demonstrate compassionate, appropriate, and effective care for the treatment of health problems and the promotion of health. 1. Obtain an accurate history, covering essential medical, personal, and socioeconomic
Geraldine Napoleone Pires; Amy Pumerantz; Lawrence K. Silbart; Linda S. Pescatello
Objective and Participants: The objective of this study was to determine if a nutrition education program, Everyday Healthy Eating on Campus (EHEC), resulted in positive healthy eating perceptions and behaviors among 103 undergraduates. Methods: Students from eight dormitories (n = 42) and five classrooms (n = 61) completed a shortened Diet and Health Knowledge Survey (DHKS) prior to and one
Fagen, Adam P.; Schoen, Robin; Labov, Jay B.
This article reports on a convention held at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC, on October 3-5, 2006, to discuss the current status and future of undergraduate education in agriculture. This "Leadership Summit to Effect Change in Teaching and Learning" was a first step in what is planned to be an ongoing conversation that is…
In response to the continuing disparity between industry expectations and higher education provision, this study examines the self-assessed capabilities of 1,024 business undergraduates in employability skills typically considered important by industry in developed economies. The findings indicate relative perceived strengths in "social…
Varma, Roli; Kapur, Deepak
The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are among the most prestigious technical institutes in India (and perhaps in the world) for undergraduate engineering education. Admission to an IIT is viewed by many Indians as a passport to success, prosperity, prestige, and possibly moving to Western countries for higher studies and/or jobs. This paper…
Bailey, Bill D.
Public undergraduate higher education institutions face a number of seemingly intractable problems. Among those problems are cost, accountability and access. The Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award process is designed to help organization of any type address problems of organizational performance. This process has been used by manufacturing,…
This presentation will review recent trends in Federal support for K-12 and undergraduate math\\/science education programs. The status and key features of current math\\/science education initiatives, by Federal agency, will be presented specifically including opportunities for science teachers to participate in research internships or related programs at Federal and university research laboratories. Agencies which will be covered in this presentation
Dogra, Nisha; Edwards, Ruth; Karim, Khalid; Cavendish, Susan
Background: Recruitment into psychiatry is correlated with the quality of undergraduate medical school teaching programmes and with a commitment of major resources to teaching students. There is an extensive literature related to attitudes towards psychiatry but less on the learning and teaching of psychiatry. Aims: To identify the current issues…
The Earthquake Education Environment (E3) supports high-quality K-12 and undergraduate education by providing up-to-date earthquake information, authoritative technical sources and educational resources for the classroom.
Kiessling, Claudia; Langewitz, Wolf
Background: Within the Bologna reform, a longitudinal curriculum of “social and communicative competencies” (SOKO) was implemented into the new Bachelor-Master structure of undergraduate medical education in Basel (Switzerland). Project description: The aim of the SOKO curriculum is to enable students to use techniques of patient-centred communication to elicit and provide information to patients in order to involve them as informed partners in decision making processes. The SOKO curriculum consists of 57 lessons for the individual student from the first bachelor year to the first master year. Teaching encompasses lectures and small group learning. Didactic methods include role play, video feedback, and consultations with simulated and real patients. Summative assessment takes place in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE). Conclusion: In Basel, a longitudinal SOKO curriculum based on students’ cumulative learning was successfully implemented. Goals and contents were coordinated with the remaining curriculum and are regularly assessed in OSCEs. At present, most of the workload rests on the shoulders of the department of psychosomatic medicine at the university hospital. For the curriculum to be successful in the long-term, sustainable structures need to be instituted at the medical faculty and the university hospital to guarantee high quality teaching and assessment. PMID:24062811
The purpose of this study is to investigate the complementary role of adult education in influencing people's objective and subjective quality of life. The analytical strategy used to achieve this end is to estimate parameters in a path model which includes both objective indicators such as occupational status and earned income, and subjective indicators such as job satisfaction and perceived personal wellbeing. The investigation builds on Swedish data and employs the LISREL method in the fitting of the model to the data. The results indicate that adult education positively influences objective indicators of the quality of life. Even though adult education is found to relate to measures of perceived personal wellbeing, the hypothesis that it also influences the way men assess their life situation and evaluate their subjective quality of life cannot be confirmed.
Land, Arthur J.
In view of the emphasis on money as a motivator mentioned in reports examining theoretical notions about teacher motivation, this paper focuses on the efficacy of using salary to attract quality teacher candidates. Although standarized testing and internship programs often supplement inadequate certification requirements, critics question the…
This page provides access to a variety of environmental quality materials for educators, students, and the general public, developed by Michigan agencies as well as by other sources which may not be specific to Michigan. The material ranges from general environmental fact sheets and data bases to teacher packets and other materials developed for K-12 education. Topics include: air pollution, land pollution, waste disposal, and water pollution.
Howard Hughes Medical Inst., Chevy Chase, MD. Office of Grants and Special Programs.
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute has as a major focus the improvement of science education at all levels. Each year the institute provides grants for competing organizations whose aim is educating the public in science and/or biomedical research. This document contains the proceedings of a conference that provided a forum for 98 representatives…
J. Kyle Leming; Katie Dorman; Ryan Brydges; Heather Carnahan; Adam Dubrowski
Introduction: This study examined the validity of tensiometry as an objective method of assessing the improvements in the quality of knots\\u000a and technical performance due to practice on suturing and knot-tying skills.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods: We evaluated the quality of 1,830 knots produced by undergraduate medical students before training (pre-test), after (post-test),\\u000a and after a week retention (retention-test) using tensiometry. These results were
Woodson, Sandra K.
Christian higher education is called to educate for wholeness--not simply focusing on the transmission of subject matter, but also concentrating on the moral and spiritual development of students. This cura personalis, or care for the whole person (Rovai, Baker, & Cox, 2008), requires Christian educators to design instruction intentionally to…
Franklin, Ruth M.; Dotger, Sharon
Abstinence sexuality education (sex ed) is the only federally funded sex ed in the United States. The strict curriculum of this education does not educate American adolescents about safer sex practices and leaves a knowledge gap in these adolescents that follows them into college. The Problem: This project aimed to identify sex knowledge…
National Art Education Association, Reston, VA.
The National Art Education Association (NAEA) has established five specific goals in order to achieve quality art education for all students. This document describes: (1) a definition of quality art education; (2) outcomes of quality art education; and (3) reasons for the NAEA goals. Each goal is identified and interpreted, and reasons for its…
Apedoe, Xornam S.; Reeves, Thomas C.
The purpose of this paper is twofold: to describe robust rationales for integrating inquiry-based learning into undergraduate science education, and to propose that digital libraries are potentially powerful technological tools that can support inquiry-based learning goals in undergraduate science courses. Overviews of constructivism and situated cognition are provided with regard to how these two theoretical perspectives have influenced current science education reform movements, especially those that involve inquiry-based learning. The role that digital libraries can play in inquiry-based learning environments is discussed. Finally, the importance of alignment among critical pedagogical dimensions of an inquiry-based pedagogical framework is stressed in the paper, and an example of how this can be done is presented using earth science education as a context.
Robert D. Weaver; Sung Hyun Yun
This study evaluated the impact that undergraduate social work education had on students' attitude toward poverty as pretest and posttest data were collected from 166 university students enrolled in an undergraduate social work course that included a focus on poverty. At both stages of the study participants responded to a 37-item validated instrument designed to measure attitudes toward poverty and
Berker, Ali; Horn, Laura; Carroll, C. Dennis
Working adult undergraduates can be broken into two groups: employees who study (those who work full-time and pursue postsecondary education to obtain skills necessary to advance in their careers) and students who work (those who work part-time and attend school full-time). In 1999-2000 roughly two-thirds of working undergraduates aged 24 or older…
Harley, Diane; Henke, Johnathan; Lawrence, Shannon; Miller, Ian; Perciali, Irene; Nasatir, David
The purpose of our research was (1) to map the universe of digital resources available to a subset of undergraduate educators in the humanities and social sciences, and (2) to investigate how and if available digital resources are actually being used in undergraduate teaching environments. We employed multiple methods, including surveys and focus…
Weaver, Robert D.; Yun, Sung Hyun
This study evaluated the impact that undergraduate social work education had on students' attitude toward poverty as pretest and posttest data were collected from 166 university students enrolled in an undergraduate social work course that included a focus on poverty. At both stages of the study participants responded to a 37-item validated…
Carter, Amanda G; Sidebotham, Mary; Creedy, Debra K; Fenwick, Jennifer; Gamble, Jenny
Collaborative partnerships between health care providers and academics are essential in the provision of quality undergraduate midwifery programs. While health care providers often contribute to clinical assessment and teaching in midwifery programs, they are rarely involved in assessment design and evaluation. This paper describes the evaluation of an assessment task designed to develop critical thinking skills in final year undergraduate midwifery students. Health care providers' involvement sought to confirm the authenticity and validity of the assessment task and facilitate further engagement. A mixed method descriptive study design was used. After reviewing a sample of student work, health care providers completed a 20 item survey and participated in a focus group. Survey items were based on the domains of Educational Acceptability, Educational Impact and Preparation for Practice. Participants gave high scores for each domain and commented positively on the innovative nature of the assessment, students' ability to undertake in-depth analysis of complex cases, and development of student's critical thinking skills. Participants also reported greater confidence in students' competence and the program. Involving health care providers in evaluation of an assessment task validated the assessment, contributed to clinicians' perceptions of student credibility, and fostered strong links between the program and industry. PMID:25701291
Gering, Jon C.
1 Master of Arts in Education Special Education Program Report Missouri Department of Elementary Education Office of Educator Quality Missouri Standards for Teacher Education Programs (MoSTEP) Competencies Truman State University Certification Program: Special Education Page 1 of 4 Pages April 6, 2011
Xiushu Tian; Yingna Liu; Dongmei Liu; Yuhong Li; Ming Yang
It is very important for the existence and development of higher education to build up the quality consciousness, to establish the idea of quality guarantee and construct a scientific quality guarantee system of higher education. According to the disadvantages of traditional quality guarantee system and standing on the reality of higher education reform, the paper mainly analyses the arduousness and
Ernst, G.; Mader, H.; Phillips, J.; Lejeune, A.; Sparks, S.
Volcanology education at Bristol is unique for several reasons. The Bristol group operates within a University Research Centre in Environmental and Geophysical Flows (CEGF), involving over 30 staff-to-PhD-level researchers, centered around close collaboration between 4 depts including Earth Sciences and Applied Maths. The uniquely-multidisciplinary setting supports training in volcanology with strong emphasis on combining field-based physical volcanology, theoretical modelling and simple analogue lab experiments. PhD students gain expertise in at least 2 of these 3 aspects during the PhD. Our dept itself is one of the most multidisciplinary in Earth Sciences and is ranked among the 3 leading ES Depts for its research quality. At dept level, there is a strong focus on understanding physical and chemical processes of magmatic/volcanic systems. Teaching/training of students is thus supported by excellent research, and aims at providing profound insights and practical experience into research. At undergraduate level, key experiences of students include 1.) a week-long field class to textbook-quality field sections on one of the most studied active volcanoes (Santorini, Greece), 2.) an independent project where the aim is to learn about all aspects of research as part of a well-focused study including gaining the experience of producing one potentially-publishable paper, 3.) a hands-on research project centered on using the latest analytical methods to solve a problem - this is most successful for 2 reasons: a.) Bristol hosts the EU Geochemical Facility and coordinates an EU Marie Curie Training Centre and b.) the students operate the instruments themselves (ie. they are not run for them); 4.) fourth-year students are especially challenged on the quantitative front (computer programming, statistical data analyses and hypothesis testing -we have excellent computer labs support for teaching), advanced field work and several independent projects. Students are helped into gaining volcanology summer experience immediately prior to dissertation work and those involved tend to progress much quicker as young researchers. At all levels, providing insights into the research process is through giving much freedom to develop as independent scientists as well as much contact time to discuss research results. Steve Sparks has also recently developed two educational video films: one for 12-16 year olds and another as support for undergraduate teaching - both providing insights into active volcanoes, volcanic processes and hazards, research and monitoring. Volcanology training is also through a Bristol-coordinated EU Training Network where EU PhD/postdocs spend 6-15 months in a EU leading volcanology group, one of which is Bristol, and 3 months in a Volcano Observatory. Factors that enhance the quality of the learning/training experience in volcanology are multiple. A pre-requisite to effective learning at any level isthe development of a strong connection between student and mentor/teacher -this is achieved best through field work, supervision/tutorial contact time, practical classes and our general approach to teaching. Approach to teaching includes extraordinary enthusiasm for volcanology, teaching by-example (eg. in the field), fostering critical thinking and questioning in students (Socratic approach), fostering class interactions, challenging students into producing highest-quality of work and trusting that they can achieve it, and providing as much hands-on experience as possible.
Kukolja Taradi, Sun?ana; ?ogaš, Zoran; Dabi?, Marina; Drenjan?evi? Peri?, Ines
Aim To evaluate online elective courses at Croatian medical schools with respect to the virtual mobility of national teachers and students and virtual team collaboration. Methods A student-centered virtual learning environment developed within the framework of the European Union Tempus Programme allowed national educational services to design and deliver online undergraduate elective courses. Three online elective courses were created for second-year medical students of four Croatian medical schools by using Moodle, an open-source learning management system. The courses supported problem-, project-, and decision-based learning and required students to work in small collaborative teams using problem-solving and decision-making activities. The purpose was to foster teamwork and produce better outcomes than those potentially achieved through individual work. We evaluated the results of these online courses on the basis of the course test results and students’ evaluation questionnaires. Results Of 68 students enrolled in all e-courses, 97% (n?=?66) successfully passed the final exam. An anonymous online questionnaire was filled out by 83% (n?=?50) of the students. The majority expressed their satisfaction with the online electives, mostly because they had more contact with tutors and peers (n?=?47), better possibilities of self-assessment (n?=?38), more flexible learning (n?=?33), better access to learning materials (n?=?32), faster and easier information retrieval (n?=?31), and better quality of communication with tutors and peers (n?=?28). Although 38 of 50 students claimed that participating in e-courses was more demanding than participating in traditional electives, more than half (n?=?27) would enroll in an e-course again. Conclusion Elective e-courses may be a successful model of how faculty and students at higher education institutions can collaborate and integrate e-learning into their current curricula. PMID:18581612
Chadwick, Stephen M; Bearn, David R; Jack, Alan C; O'Brien, Kevin D
This paper explores some modern concepts of teaching and learning, including cognitive theory, the zone of proximal development, constructivism, andragogy and learning styles and describes how they have informed the development of an undergraduate orthodontic curriculum. The changes described include student-centred learning, guided self-learning, and the incorporation of problem-based learning concepts. The details of the problem-based learning programme are described together with results of student feedback on the change in teaching and learning style. PMID:11975666
Ledbetter, Mary Lee S.
The biology of the 21st century requires a revolution in teaching that corresponds to the revolution that the discipline experienced in the last decades of the 20th century. Consensus is not a tradition in the many disparate subdisciplines that constitute modern biology, but the demands of effective instruction prompted an unprecedented series of conversations among all the stakeholders of undergraduate biology education. A culminating conference resulted in consensus on both the form and substance of modern biology courses: They should emphasize repeatedly five core concepts and six core competencies in a student-centered, inquiry-driven pedagogy modeled on a number of “best practices.” The conference report can serve as a guide to individual faculty members, departments, and institutions seeking to reform their teaching practices. PMID:23494151
The educational landscape of higher education is shifting to include more online education courses. This shift has produced successes and struggles for instructors and undergraduates. The purpose of this study was to explore child development instructors' and undergraduates' perspectives and experiences in online education through the…
Sangeeta Sahney; D. K. Banwet; S. Karunes
In keeping with the socio-economic and cultural transformation that has placed newer demands on the educational system, in terms of greater responsibility and accountability and increased expectations by stakeholders, the system has been pressurized to shift its focus from one in quantitative expansion to one with emphasis on quality. Such shifts and changes are being witnessed not only in the
Rieley, James B.
In order for an educational institution to utilize Total Quality Management as a tool for improving effectiveness, the culture of the college must foster a belief in change and a focus on the customer. A disciplined approach to planning and a commitment to the concept of Continuous Improvement (CI) are also required. Concerning acceptance of…
Wiedmer, Terry L.; Harris, Vicki L.
Total Quality Management in Education is a systems model that involves internal and external stakeholders in developing practices, establishing partnership teams, enhancing individual growth, and increasing communication. Walk the Talk in Texas is an example of successful application of the model. (SK)
BRESSLER, MARVIN; TUMIN, MELVIN M.
A 3-DAY CONFERENCE WAS HELD AT PRINCETON UNIVERSITY TO DEFINE GOALS, IDENTIFY OBSTACLES, AND SUGGEST MEANS THROUGH WHICH SUPERIOR EDUCATION COULD BE MADE AVAILABLE TO ALL AMERICANS REGARDLESS OF TALENT OR POSITION IN THE STRATIFICATION SYSTEM. SEVEN SESSIONS EMPHASIZED A WIDE RANGE OF FACTORS IN THE SCHOOL AND SOCIETY THAT INFLUENCE QUALITY AND…
Greene, J. Griffen; Wilson, Steve
This paper describes the Quality Control Program at Daytona Beach Junior College, including course descriptions. The program in quality control required communication between the college and the American Society for Quality Control (ASQC). The college has machinery established for certification of the learning process, and the society has the source of teachers who are competent in the technical field and who are the employers of the educational products. The associate degree for quality control does not have a fixed program, which can serve all needs, any more than all engineering degrees have identical programs. The main ideas which would be common to all quality control programs are the concept of economic control of a repetitive process and the concept of developing individual potentialities into individuals who are needed and productive.
Burton, J. C.; MacAyeal, D. R.; Nakamura, N.
Lab-scale models of geophysical phenomena have a long history in research and education. For example, at the University of Chicago, Dave Fultz developed laboratory-scale models of atmospheric flows. The results from his laboratory were so stimulating that similar laboratories were subsequently established at a number of other institutions. Today, the Dave Fultz Memorial Laboratory for Hydrodynamics (http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~nnn/LAB/) teaches general circulation of the atmosphere and oceans to hundreds of students each year. Following this tradition, we have constructed a lab model of iceberg-capsize dynamics for use in the Fultz Laboratory, which focuses on the interface between glaciology and physical oceanography. The experiment consists of a 2.5 meter long wave tank containing water and plastic "icebergs". The motion of the icebergs is tracked using digital video. Movies can be found at: http://geosci.uchicago.edu/research/glaciology_files/tsunamigenesis_research.shtml. We have had 3 successful undergraduate interns with backgrounds in mathematics, engineering, and geosciences perform experiments, analyze data, and interpret results. In addition to iceberg dynamics, the wave-tank has served as a teaching tool in undergraduate classes studying dam-breaking and tsunami run-up. Motivated by the relatively inexpensive cost of our apparatus (~1K-2K dollars) and positive experiences of undergraduate students, we hope to serve as a model for undergraduate research and education that other universities may follow.
New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton.
New Jersey's school funding reform initiative, the Quality Education Act of 1990 and its 1991 amendments, are described in this booklet. The amendments attempt to equalize the tax burden of all districts, provide property relief, and impose stricter spending limitations. In the new foundation funding system, the state provides aid based on a…
Stuart, Steven J.
may be satisfied by other General Education courses, as indicated in the footnotes below. I. Portfolio All students will place material in an electronic Gen- eral Education portfolio to document their work cluster of courses such as A S 309, 310, 409, 410; or M L 101, 102 III. Academic and Professional
Stuart, Steven J.
may be satisfied by other General Education courses, as indicated in the footnotes below. I. Portfolio All students will place material in an electronic General Education portfolio to document their work, 348, M L 402, THEA (ENGL) 347, or an approved cluster of courses Oral Communication
Stuart, Steven J.
may be satisfied by other General Education courses, as indicated in the footnotes below. I. Portfolio All students will place material in an electronic General Education portfolio to document their work, 348, M L 402, THEA (ENGL) 347, or an approved cluster of courses such as A S 309, 310, 409, and 410
Pontes, Manuel C. F.; Hasit, Cindi; Pontes, Nancy M. H.; Lewis, Phillip A.; Siefring, Karen T.
The purpose of this research is to identify student-specific characteristics that are related to students' preference for distance education courses. Since distance education courses provide students with more convenient and flexible class schedules, they should be preferred by students who have a greater number of competing demands, such as work…
Shires, Michael A.
This report investigates whether the state of California can return to the levels of access to higher education envisioned in its Master Plan adopted in 1960. Chapter 1 is an introduction which discusses the state's commitment to access, the structure of the educational sector under the Master plan, the effects of the recession of the early 1990s…
Pratap, P.; Salah, J.
The MIT Haystack Observatory Undergraduate Research Initiative is an NSF- funded program aimed at involving undergraduate students in active radio astronomical research. The project has two major thrusts - students get hands-on experience using a small radio telescope that has been developed at Haystack and which will be provided as a low cost kit early next year. Beta versions of this telescope are being built for a select group of institutions. The second component is a research experience with the Haystack 37-m telescope. Use of the 37-m telescope has ranged from classroom demonstrations to original research projects. The Small Radio Telescope (SRT) project consists of a 2m dish with a 1420 MHz receiver. The antenna has a two axis mount that provides full sky coverage. The telescope is intended to provide students and faculty with an introduction to radio astronomy and instrument calibration. Observations of the sun and the galactic HI line are possible with the current version of this telescope. The 37-m telescope program is aimed at providing students with a research experience that can result in publishable results. The telescope has also been used in providing students with an introduction to the scope of radio astronomical data including continuum and spectral line observations. Classroom demonstrations have also been tested with non-science majors. Extensive supporting materials for the project have been developed on the world wide web. These include a radio astronomy tutorial, hardware and software information about both telescopes and project descriptions. We also provide curriculum suggestions to aid faculty incorporate radio astronomy into their courses.
.2 8-9 English English 2.3 6-12 Geography^ 2.1 6-12 Health Promotion & Education Health Promotion & Education 2.1 7-12 History History 1.9 6-12 Math (level 4) 4.2 6-12 Math (level 3) 3.7 6-9 Physics Physics 3.8 9-12 Spanish Spanish 2.6 7-12 Theatre (Drama) 2.6 7-12 Physical Education (through Exercise & Sports
Culp, Brian; Urtel, Mark
This article describes the faculty-sponsored approach to undergraduate research (UGR) at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis. In this approach, individual or small groups of faculty organize or sponsor the research and recruit undergraduate students to get involved. This approach to UGR is opportunistic in that university faculty…
Hager, Cassandrea Jane
Personally observed variability among construction education internship programs prompted this investigation. The schools of construction that form the Associated Schools of Construction (ASC) encourage its members to provide curricula that produces...
Beth H. Chaney; James M. Eddy; Steve M. Dorman; Linda L. Glessner; B. Lee Green; Rafael Lara-Alecio
In the past decade, there has been an enormous growth of distance education courses and programs in higher education. The growth of distance education is particularly evident in the field of health education. However, the enormous potential of distance education is tempered by one overriding question: How does one ensure that distance education coursework and degrees are of high quality?
Bitusikova, Alexandra; Bohrer, Janet; Borosic, Ivana; Costes, Nathalie; Edinsel, Kerim; Hollander, Karoline; Jacobsson, Gunilla; Jakopovic, Ivan Filip; Kearney, Mary-Louise; Mulder, Fred; Negyesi, Judith; Pietzonka, Manuel
The present report follows an ENQA (European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education) Workshop on Quality Assurance and Postgraduate Education, hosted by the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ARACIS) in Brasov, Romania on 12-13 March 2009. The workshop was an excellent opportunity for ENQA members to exchange…
Tan, Kay C.; Kek, Sei W.
Customer service and quality are driving forces in the business community. As higher educational institutions tussle for competitive advantage and high service quality, the evaluation of educational service quality is essential to provide motivation for and to give feedback on the effectiveness of educational plans and implementation. This…
Bergseth, Brita; Petocz, Peter; Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
The study examines two different models of measuring, assessing and ranking quality in higher education. Do different systems of quality assessment lead to equivalent conclusions about the quality of education? This comparative study is based on the rankings of 24 Swedish higher education institutions. Two ranking actors have independently…
Zhao, Sophie R; Cao, Siyuan; Lin, Patrice S; Yenor, Jeffrey; Lam, Regina; Chang, Ellen; Liu, Richard; Liu, Jianghong
The importance of interprofessional training in healthcare to improve quality of care and health outcomes has been increasingly recognized. This pilot study used an interprofessional and interdisciplinary team of undergraduate health and pre-health students to establish a unique community partnership with a local elementary school in developing and implementing a nutrition/exercise educational intervention. Our results suggest that children as young as 8 years old are capable of learning new information related to the benefits of particular food groups, are capable of retaining this knowledge for 6 months, and that an intervention program as short as one hour every few months stand to make significant impact on children’s knowledge about proper nutrition and healthy lifestyles. Our results suggest the potential benefits of further expanding the short-term intervention into a longer-term community-based curriculum targeting a younger age group previously or currently practiced.. Furthermore, this pilot study suggests that undergraduate health and pre-health students can form an interprofessional and collaborative team to take an active role in the dissemination of nutrition knowledge in the community. PMID:25590019
Horn, Laura; Maw, Carlyle
This report examines how much undergraduates work while enrolled in postsecondary education for the academic year 1989-90. It specifically addresses types of institutions they attended, educational experiences, and the relationship of their education cost and financial aid to the amount of time they worked while enrolled. The report presents data…
The Physics Education Research (PER) community has shown that there are many aspects of teaching that can be systematically studied and improved using scientific methods. PER has also shown that a wide variety of instructors in a wide variety of institutions can consistently improve student learning by using research-based teaching practices. Like most fields, though, there is a substantial gap between the research-based knowledge that PER has developed about effective teaching and the actual practices of physics instructors. In this talk I will discuss this current state of research related to this grand challenge in Physics Education Research.
Podmore, Valerie N.; Meade, Anne
Noting that research demonstrates that high quality early childhood education (ECE) has long-term benefits for children, this review outlines definitions of quality early childhood education within the context of New Zealand. The focus is mainly on two specific aspects of quality: staff qualifications and indicators of quality. The review notes…
Law, Dennis Chung Sea
Purpose: The common approaches to quality assurance (QA), as practiced by most post-secondary education institutions for internal quality monitoring and most QA authorities for external quality monitoring (EQM), have been considered by many researchers as having largely failed to address the essence of educational quality. The purpose of this…
Knowledge Mobilization across Boundaries with the Use of Novel Organizational Structures, Conferencing Strategies, and Technological Tools: The Ontario Consortium of Undergraduate Biology Educators (oCUBE) Model
Kajiura, Lovaye; Smit, Julie; Montpetit, Colin; Kelly, Tamara; Waugh, Jennifer; Rawle, Fiona; Clark, Julie; Neumann, Melody; French, Michelle
The Ontario Consortium of Undergraduate Biology Educators (oCUBE) brings together over 50 biology educators from 18 Ontario universities with the common goal to improve the biology undergraduate experience for both students and educators. This goal is achieved through an innovative mix of highly interactive face-to-face meetings, online…
Martin Rydmark; Hans Jalling; Göran Petersson; Fiona Philip
At the recommendation of the Swedish Government, the Council for the Renewal of Undergraduate Education was established in 1990. In 1993 the Council was declared a permanent National Agency by Swedish Parliament and became part of the newly established National Agency for Higher Education in 1995. The purpose of the Council for Renewal of Undergraduate Education is to promote and
Zenner, Greta M.
The Interdisciplinary Education Group (IEG) of the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) on Nanostructured Interfaces at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) develops and uses hands-on, interactive education and outreach materials to engage a variety of audiences in learning about nanotechnology and advanced materials. Many of the education products created are inspired by UW MRSEC research; and faculty, staff, and students regularly contribute to the IEG's work to share nanotechnology with a broader audience. The UW MRSEC has developed numerous teaching modules, labs, and education resources devoted to nanotechnology concepts, and many of these materials have been integrated into key introductory and advanced undergraduate courses at UW and other institutions, including small liberal arts colleges and community colleges. This effort has taken place through both the creation of new courses and the modification of existing courses to include cutting-edge content based on current research and emerging applications in nanotechnology. In this talk, I will present some of the new instructional materials we have developed based on advances in nanoscale science and technology, the implementation and integration of these materials into undergraduate curricula, and an overview of the UW MRSEC education efforts.
Simon, Frank A.; Aschenbrener, Carol A.
We describe the accreditation of medical education programs that lead to the Doctor of Medicine degree in the United States and Canada. We identify select accreditation standards that relate directly to the preparation of medical school graduates, as required for the supervised practice of medicine in residency training and for developing the…
Arthur W. Chickering; Zelda F. Gamson
7 Yet, while these three documents are inspiring, they represent idealized goals rather than actual research into existing practices that are most effective for adult learners. Given the myriad of principles, practices, and models in the literature about serving adult learners in higher education, a key question is: What are the actual \\
John Henry Newman
A discourse originating at liberal arts colleges has begun to influence national policy for science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education. The discovery-oriented, research-rich curriculum traditional for the graduate student is being developed for wider implementation in the service of new national goals. Though largely absent as a participant, the discipline of psychology has a great deal to contribute to and
LYLE D. FEISEL; ALBERT J. ROSA
The function of the engineering profession is to manipulate materials, energy, and information, thereby creating benefit for humankind. To do this successfully, engineers must have a knowledge of nature that goes beyond mere theory—knowledge that is traditionally gained in educational laboratories. Over the years, however, the nature of these laboratories has changed. This paper describes the history of some of
Gonzalez, Amber Michelle
Latinas/os are the largest and fastest growing minority group however they still remain the smallest group to complete graduate program in the United States (Fry, 2004; NCES, 2011). Moreover, if the proportion of Latinas/os continues to grow and the post-baccalaureate shortfall persists, a serious shortage of highly educated Latinas/os is likely,…
Yore, Larry D.
This paper reports on an on-going action research study of the elementary school science education courses at the University of Victoria in Canada. The Department of Social and Natural Sciences requires that professors evaluate their teaching effectiveness annually using a variety of methods such as student evaluations, peer observations, course…
Castleberry, Sam J.; And Others
Attempting to define the optimal use of educational resources for large numbers of students, a research group at the University of Texas at Austin has adopted a system approach to curriculum development consisting of the following components: content, teacher, student, machine, and media. The first procedural step in the system is to define the…
Andersen, Janet; Krichevsky, Alexander; Leheste, Joerg R.; Moloney, Daniel J.
Discovery of RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) is widely recognized as one of the most significant molecular biology breakthroughs in the past 10 years. There is a need for science educators to develop teaching tools and laboratory activities that demonstrate the power of this new technology and help students to better understand the RNAi process.…
Suzuki, Kodaly, Orff, Dalcroze, Gordon--if one is a music education student, he should be familiar with all these names. But just how familiar? Faced with curricular requirements and limitations, students may struggle to gain a deeper knowledge of these methods. What should they be expected to know about any single one, and how should they go…
Xu, Yaoying; Gelfer, Jeffrey; Filler, John
The realities of a multi-racial, multi-ethnic, and multi-ability student population demand a unique and nontraditional approach characterized by an individualization sensitive to group identity. The primary goal of this alternative Early Childhood Studies/Education Program with a degree of Bachelor of Science is to provide a comprehensive…
Stavrou, Stavros Georgios
Ninety-seven education students majoring or minoring in mathematics had their math homework examined in a Number Theory or Abstract Algebra course. Each student's homework was observed for the purpose of identifying common errors and misconceptions when writing mathematical proofs. The results showed that students collectively made four…
Lee, Lung-Sheng; Ko, Hui-Min; Wang, Mei-Tyng; Pan, Ying-Ju
As the third-party planner and implementer of higher education institutional and program evaluations, the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan (HEEACT) completed program evaluations for all 145 undergraduate business and management (B&M) programs in 43 universities/colleges from 2006 to 2010. In the 145 programs…
Research in comparative and international education indicates that the quality of education, as measured by standardized tests, and the level of educational attainment have a significant impact on individual earning and national economic growth. However, the relationship between the quality of education and the level of educational attainment has…
National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality, 2008
Teaching Quality (TQ) Source Tips & Tools: Emerging Strategies to Enhance Educator Quality is an online resource developed by the TQ Center. It is designed to help education practitioners tap into strategies and resources they can use to enhance educator quality. This publication is based on the TQ Source Tips & Tools topic area "Enhancing…
Doherty, Michael L; Jones, Boyd R
The final-year Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine (MVB) class of 2005 were the first cohort of students to complete the new curriculum at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin (UCD). The new curriculum is a fundamental departure from the traditional curriculum that had served the veterinary profession in Ireland over many years. The change was not a precipitate action but the outcome of a prolonged and thorough examination of the realities of veterinary medicine, its science and its art, in the first decade of a new millennium. Over recent decades, rapid and fundamental changes have been witnessed in the economic, cultural, and ethical environment in which the veterinary profession operates, and these changes, coupled with the "information explosion," dictated an examination of the educational paradigm. The new curriculum exposes the first-year class to veterinary information technology and problem-based learning (PBL). In the second year, students are instructed in clinical examination, history taking, and client communication skills, in addition to further exposure to PBL. The third and fourth years are now systems-based, with coordinated input from microbiologists, parasitologists, pathologists, and clinicians in teaching each body system. The first lecture-free final year in the 104-year history of veterinary education in Ireland consists of clinical rotations and a four-week elective pursued within the faculty or at other recognized institutions. Students must also complete a minimum of 24 weeks' extramural studies (EMS). Critically, the development and assessment of all courses in the new undergraduate degree program has been driven by carefully thought out learning outcomes. The new curriculum will provide graduates with the essential knowledge and skills required for entry into the veterinary profession. Society expects these qualities from veterinarians in the interests of the communities they serve during their professional careers. In addition, the curriculum should foster the ability to adapt to changing circumstances, instill the desire and ability to work in teams, and develop life skills. It is hoped that the academic innovations will arouse the intellectual curiosity and commitment to lifelong learning that future graduates will require if they are to retain the confidence of the society in which they work in the future. PMID:16849299
SmithBattle, Lee; Leander, Sheila; Westhus, Nina; Freed, Patricia E; McLaughlin, Dorcas E
Although therapeutic letters (TLs) have been included in graduate nursing programs, studies have not examined the impact of TLs on the clinical learning of undergraduate students. This qualitative study was part of a larger project that introduced TLs into already established undergraduate clinical courses. Instructors prepared students for writing TLs by discussing their purpose and by providing a relevant article and examples. In all, 74 students participated in 12 focus group interviews. Interviews were audiotaped, professionally transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative description. Results suggest that TLs cultivate rapport building and the development of students' relational skills. Although the assignment promoted clinical learning and reflection on helping relationships for the vast majority of students, a few students treated TLs as an instrumental activity. Implications for educating health professionals are described. PMID:19940088
Salter, Irene; Atkins, Leslie
While some researchers have argued for science classrooms that embrace open-inquiry by engaging students in doing science as scientists do (cf. National Research Council [NRC] 1996; Driver et al. in Sci Educ 84:287-312, 2000; Windschitl et al. in Sci Educ 87(1):112-143, 2008), others have argued that open-inquiry is impractical, ineffective, and perhaps even counter-productive towards promoting normative scientific ideas (cf. Kirschner et al. in Educ Psychol 41(2):75-86, 2006; Settlage in J Sci Teach Educ 18:461-467, 2007). One of the challenges in informing the debate on this issue is the scarcity of well-documented courses that engage students in open-inquiry characteristic of scientific research. This paper describes the design, implementation, and outcomes of such a course for undergraduates planning on becoming elementary teachers. The goal of the class was to immerse future teachers in authentic, open-inquiry (without specific learning goals related to scientific concepts) in hopes that students would come away with a deeper understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and improved attitudes towards science. Data collected from a variety of sources indicate that an authentic, open-inquiry experience is feasible to implement in an undergraduate setting, gives students a more sophisticated NOS understanding, improves students' attitudes towards science and open-inquiry, and changes the way they intend to teach science in their future classrooms.
Levett-Jones, Tracy L
Self-directed learning (SDL) is an educational concept that has received increasing attention in recent years, particularly in the context of higher education. Whilst the benefits of SDL have been espoused by a number of adult education theorists (Brookfield, S., 1986. Understanding and Facilitating Adult Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco; Houle, C., 1984. Patterns of Learning: New Perspectives on Life-Span Education. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco; Knowles, M., 1998. The Adult Leaner: A Neglected Species, fifth ed., Gulf, Houston; Tough, A., 1979. The Adults Learning Project: A Fresh Approach to Theory and Practice in Adult Learning. Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, Toronto), its introduction into curricula has not always been successful (Nolan, J., Nolan, M., 1997a. Self-directed and student-centred learning in nurse education: 1. British Journal of Nursing 6 (1), 51-55; Nolan, J., Nolan, M., 1997b. Self-directed and student-centred learning in nurse education: 2. British Journal of Nursing 6 (2), 103-107; Slevin, O., Lavery, M., 1991. Self-directed learning and student supervision. Nurse Education Today 11, 368-377). The indiscriminate application of SDL principles and poorly prepared teachers and/or students has at times meant that the introduction of SDL has been resented rather than welcomed (Iwasiw, C., 1987. The role of the teacher in self-directed learning. Nurse Education Today 7, 222-227; Turunen, H., Taskinen, H., Voutilainen, U., Tossavainen, K., Sinkkonen, S., 1997. Nursing and social work students' initial orientation towards their studies. Nurse Education Today 17, 67-71). This paper clarifies and explores these issues by: (a) examining the origins of SDL; (b) discussing the relevance of self-directed learning to Knowles' theory of adult learning and contemporary educational practices such as enquiry based learning and problem based learning; and (c) highlighting the implications and limitations of SDL with regard to adult education in general, and undergraduate nursing education in particular. PMID:15894411
Visual Art Education Undergraduate Program, Department of Visual Art, University of Kansas Student Last Name: First Name: Advisor: Student Number: Local phone or e-mail: DESIGN, VISUAL ART & ART HISTORY Introduction to the profession of art ed. 03 *DFND 104 Design II 03 C&T 325 Multicultural education 03 ABDS
DEPENDENT TUITION REIMBURSEMENT REQUEST I am requesting tuition reimbursement of 4.25% for my child's undergraduate higher education expenses in accordance with the HR Policy 7.3 on Dependent's Tuition Programs an accredited institution of higher education other than Seattle University. Dependent's Name: College
Parmeter, Tom; Faxio, John
During the summer of 1970, the Institute for Services to Education (ISE) held its fourth annual summer writing conference for faculty members of predominantly black institutions of higher education. The purpose was to continue the process of teacher development of undergraduate curriculum materials and concomitant instructional practices.…
Asiyai, Romina Ifeoma
This paper discusses the roles of stakeholders in improving quality of university education in Nigeria. Internal and external stakeholders are identified and the various roles they could play in improving the quality of university education are discussed. The paper contends that continuous and holistic improvement in university education system…
Tenhunen, Monica L; Fitzgerald, Anita
As the number of older adults continues to increase worldwide, nursing education needs to focus on this population. A revision of an undergraduate nursing course focusing on the care of older adults was completed. Content for the revised course was based on the recommendations of major nursing education organizations. Seventeen topic areas were identified, and objectives for each topic were written. Based on the objectives, classroom and clinical assignments were developed. Assignments were varied to address multiple learning styles using evolving standards of education for nursing students. The revision was piloted with one group of approximately 45 second-semester nursing students. Survey results from the students showed an increase in their comfort level with older adults. Further studies could evaluate the activities after they have been implemented longer to make further adjustments as needed to ensure the best learning for students. PMID:25081329
Purpose: To provide a view of quality in accounting education from the perspective of a critical stakeholder group--academic accountants. The identification of this view adds to the growing discussions around quality, and how it is assured in higher education. Design/methodology/approach: Applying a framework for defining quality in higher…
Quality and equity are touchstones of education policy in the twenty-first century in a range of global contexts. On the surface, this seems fitting: after all, who could object to more quality and greater equity in education? Yet what do we mean by quality and equity, and how are they related? This paper draws on Lacanian psychoanalytic theory to…
Srikanthan, G.; Dalrymple, John
Suggests that the quality in higher education (HE) debate is narrowly focused on adapting industrial quality systems. Asserts that quality management's (QM) practice in HE is deteriorating into managerialism because of lack of shared vision and match between QM techniques and educational processes. Proposes a new approach with QM as the broad…
Amini, Richard; Stolz, Lori Ann; Gross, Austin; O'Brien, Kathleen; Panchal, Ashish Raman; Reilly, Kevin; Chan, Lisa; Drummond, Brian Scott; Sanders, Arthur; Adhikari, Srikar
A handful of medical schools have developed formal curricula to teach medical students point-of-care ultrasound; however, no ideal method has been proposed. The purpose of this study was to assess an innovative theme-based ultrasound educational model for undergraduate medical education. This was a single-center cross-sectional study conducted at an academic medical center. The study participants were 95 medical students with minimal or no ultrasound experience during their third year of training. The educational theme for the ultrasound session was "The evaluation of patients involved in motor vehicle collisions." This educational theme was carried out during all components of the 1-day event called SonoCamp: asynchronous learning, the didactic lecture, the skills stations, the team case challenge and the individual challenge stations. Assessment consisted of a questionnaire, team case challenge, and individual challenges. A total of 89 of 95 (94 %) students who participated in SonoCamp responded, and 92 % (87 of 95) completed the entire questionnaire before and after the completion of SonoCamp. Ninety-nine percent (95 % CI, 97-100 %) agreed that training at skill stations helped solidify understanding of point-of-care ultrasound. Ninety-two percent (95 % CI, 86-98 %) agreed that theme-based learning is an engaging learning style for point-of-care ultrasound. All students agreed that having a team exercise is an engaging way to learn point-of-care ultrasound; and of the 16 groups, the average score on the case-based questions was 82 % (SD + 28). The 1-day, theme-based ultrasound educational event was an engaging learning technique at our institution which lacks undergraduate medical education ultrasound curriculum. PMID:25764053
Chekhun, Vasyl F; Shepelenko, Iryna V
The main features of the system of ‘higher medical education’ in Ukraine are presented. The principles of undergraduate, specialist training, and postgraduate education on oncology are described in detail and discussed in terms of European standards of cancer education. It is underlined that the cancer education in the system of higher and postgraduate education should be continuous, multidisciplinary, and of high quality. PMID:24194788
The mission of the Council of Undergraduate Research (CUR) is to "support and promote high-quality undergraduate student-faculty collaborative research and scholarship." CUR disseminates some of its work and findings through the Council of Undergraduate Research Quarterly (CURQ) and this site provides access to some of the articles from that publication. Currently, visitors can search past articles back to 2008, and visitors can browse through articles like "Putting Undergraduate Research on the Map for Women," "Peer Mentoring in an Introductory Biology Laboratory," and "Undergraduate Research on Writing: Benefits to Faculty and Curriculum Development." All told, the site provides a cornucopia of articles related to making the undergraduate research experience a bit more meaningful, and educators will find much to enjoy here.
Parker, Scott L; McGirt, Matthew J; Asher, Anthony L; Selden, Nathan R
There has been no formal, standardized curriculum for neurosurgical resident education in quality improvement. There are at least 2 reasons to integrate a formalized quality improvement curriculum into resident education: (1) increased emphasis on the relative quality and value (cost-effectiveness) of health care provided by individual physicians, and (2) quality improvement principles empower broader lifelong learning. An integrated quality improvement curriculum should comprise specific goals and milestones at each level of residency training. This article discusses the role and possible implementation of a national program for quality improvement in neurosurgical resident education. PMID:25771278
Hendrickson, Tamara L
Recently, a requirement for directed responsible conduct in research (RCR) education has become a priority in the United States and elsewhere. In the US, both the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation require RCR education for all students who are financially supported by federal awards. The guidelines produced by these agencies offer useful templates for the introduction of RCR materials into courses worldwide. Many academic programs already offer courses or workshops in RCR for their graduate students and for undergraduate science majors and/or researchers. Introducing RCR into undergraduate biochemistry and molecular biology laboratory curricula is another, highly practical way that students can be exposed to these important topics. In fact, a strong argument can be made for integrating RCR into laboratory courses because these classes often introduce students to a scientific environment like that they might encounter in their careers after graduation. This article focuses on general strategies for incorporating explicit RCR education into biochemistry and molecular biology laboratory coursework using the topics suggested by NIH as a starting point. PMID:25727192
Zier, Karen; Coplit, Lisa D
Individualized learning is a fundamental tenet of the Carnegie Foundation's new recommendations for physician training. A primary goal of Mount Sinai School of Medicine's new curriculum is to train self-directed physicians who have mastered lifelong learning skills. The Individual Scholarly Project and Independent Research Experience (INSPIRE) was created to enable fourth-year students to conduct mentored, independent scholarly projects to develop critical thinking skills and intellectual independence. Four students were accepted into the 2008 12-week pilot. Two did clinical research, 1 conducted medical education research, and 1 continued a basic science project. INSPIRE featured weekly sessions in which students shared their progress, heard about the careers of physician-scientists, and participated in presentation skills workshops. Mentors gave feedback using a form based on the program goals. Anonymous evaluations showed that all participants believed their goals were successfully fulfilled, that the likelihood of including research in their careers increased, and that they felt more skilled at writing abstracts and presenting their work orally. Students agreed that INSPIRE was a valuable opportunity for acquiring in-depth knowledge on a topic and building research and presentation skills. Helping students shape an individualized scholarly experience may help to produce doctors who are self-directed, are personally fulfilled, are able to serve society with diverse expertise, and have the tools to become leaders in their fields. PMID:19642153
Baucom, Kathi; And Others
The Total Quality Management (TQM) approach is defined and its implementation at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte in undergraduate admissions is described. Benefits and challenges of TQM are discussed, first from the perspective of the manager responsible for TQM, then from that of a front-line staff member and TQM team member.…
Afridi, Zahid A.
This document describes the contributions made by the Primary Education Quality Improvement Program (1996-1999) to the broad goals of improved access, equity, and quality in girls' primary education in Pakistan. In Balochistan, the largest but least developed province of Pakistan, an innovative approach to educational development was successfully…
Fazio, Claudio; Battaglia, Onofrio Rosario; Di Paola, Benedetto
This paper describes a method aimed at pointing out the quality of the mental models undergraduate engineering students deploy when asked to create explanations for phenomena or processes and/or use a given model in the same context. Student responses to a specially designed written questionnaire are quantitatively analyzed using researcher-generated categories of reasoning, based on the physics education research literature on student understanding of the relevant physics content. The use of statistical implicative analysis tools allows us to successfully identify clusters of students with respect to the similarity to the reasoning categories, defined as “practical or everyday,” “descriptive,” or “explicative.” Through the use of similarity and implication indexes our method also enables us to study the consistency in students’ deployment of mental models. A qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with students after they had completed the questionnaire is used to clarify some aspects which emerged from the quantitative analysis and validate the results obtained. Some implications of this joint use of quantitative and qualitative analysis for the design of a learning environment focused on the understanding of some aspects of the world at the level of causation and mechanisms of functioning are discussed.
Munoz, Marco A.; Egginton, Everett
El Salvador has a new higher education law that established minimum requirements for educational quality. Analyzing data from El Salvador's 39 private universities made available by the country's Ministry of Education, this study assesses educational quality among these universities, especially addressing the effect of the size of the university…
Adegbesan, Sunday O.
The importance of quality education in nation building cannot be over emphasized. There have been several calls on the educational managers on how to make the educational system to be more vibrant in the quality of its products after several quantity of mass failure and half baked products from our various educational institutions in the country.…
Adegbesan, Sunday O.
The importance of quality education in nation building cannot be over emphasized. There have been several calls on the educational managers on how to make the educational system to be more vibrant in the quality of its products after several quantity of mass failure and half baked products from our various educational institutions in the country.…
Zilembo, Melanie; Monterosso, Leanne
A recent study undertaken by the authors (2007) highlighted that undergraduate nursing students were subjected to varying experiences in clinical practice, which were mediated by a number of factors. Mediating factors included continuity of preceptors, student attitudes, the clinical setting environment, student and preceptor expectations of the clinical practice experience and interactions between the student and preceptor. Of note, interactions with preceptors were seen to 'make or break' the practical experience. Therefore, the relationship that is forged between preceptor and student is vital in shaping the student's experience of the clinical area and of the real world of nursing work. Early positive socialisation experiences have been shown to improve retention rates of new nurses (Greene & Puetzer 2002), which are issues of prime concern in an era of worsening nursing shortages at all levels of the profession. A conceptual framework designed to guide preceptorship may help alleviate some of the difficulties experienced by undergraduate nurses in building relationships within the complex interactions of the nursing environment. The framework proposed in this paper offers a conceptual model that links positive preceptor leadership qualities (such as compassion, care and empathy) with student characteristics. This model proposes that synergistic interactions between nursing students and preceptors results in positive implications for the nursing workforce. This framework also has the potential for further development to fill the void created by a lack of conceptual guidance for supervisory interactions within the undergraduate clinical context. PMID:19072195
Slonczewski, Joan L.; Marusak, Rosemary
The National Research Council completed a major study of undergraduate biology education, "BIO 2010-Transforming Undergraduate Education For Future Research Biologists (BIO 2010)," funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the National Institutes of Health. The "BIO 2010" report recommends that biology pedagogy should use an…
World Health Organization, Copenhagen (Denmark). Regional Office for Europe.
The progress of undergraduate education in cancer in European countries was assessed, and recommendations were offered for further development according to the EURO program. Based on a survey of undergraduate education in medical schools of the European region, the following areas were evaluated: goals and objectives of teaching, tasks a general…
Stevens-Smith, Deborah A.
Asserts that all elementary schools should have a regular physical-education program for children with an emphasis on physical activity. Argues that principals should insist on a quality physical-education program. (PKP)
Dahl, R. M.; Droser, M. L.
Global climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing society today, and yet the science of global climate change and the potential effects are poorly understood by the general population. Through a NASA Innovations in Climate Education grant, UC Riverside is addressing this disconnect by fully redesigning the undergraduate level Earth Sciences courses, which serve over 3,000 students every year. The majority of these students are not Earth Sciences majors and so these changes in the climate change education curriculum reach a very broad range of students. This new curriculum centers around a new website that hosts online activities that allows students to utilized and manipulate NASA climate data sets in order to directly observe changes in the global climate system. All lower division Earth Sciences courses will include online activities and a unit on global climate change. In addition to this general improvement in climate change education, we have restructured our lower division Climate Change course (GEO 11) to focus on these online activities in order to give students first-hand experience with both global and local climate data. Because these activities are hosted online, they can be seemlessly integrated with other online resources, accessed from school or home and be viewed on a variety of devices, thus vastly increasing student accessibility. In the future, these activities will be available to other institutions. UC Riverside is an ideal institution at which to launch a broad-reaching climate change education program like this. As one of the most socioeconomically and ethnically diverse universities and one of only two federally-designated Hispanic Serving Research Institutions, UC Riverside primarily educates undergraduate students from the portions of society that will be most heavily impacted by the effects of climate change. GEO 11 and the other lower division courses produce climate-literate students of different majors and backgrounds, who can continue on to serve as climate science advocates in society.
Shah, Sayyed Farooq; Ghazi, Safdar Rehman; ud-Din, Miraj; Shahzad, Saqib; Ullah, Irfan
The major purpose of this article was to disclose the quality of education in the Muslim world and try to clarify the misperceptions in the West and in the Muslim world about Islamic education. It also tries to highlight the efforts of Islamic scholars in filling the gaps between them. Education in the Muslim world and Islamic education have…
Isnard Bagnis, Corinne; Crepaldi, Carlo; Dean, Jessica; Goovaerts, Tony; Melander, Stefan; Nilsson, Eva-Lena; Prieto-Velasco, Mario; Trujillo, Carmen; Zambon, Roberto; Mooney, Andrew
This position statement was compiled following an expert meeting in March 2013, Zurich, Switzerland. Attendees were invited from a spread of European renal units with established and respected renal replacement therapy option education programmes. Discussions centred around optimal ways of creating an education team, setting realistic and meaningful objectives for patient education, and assessing the quality of education delivered. PMID:24957808
Bolotov, V. A.; Efremova, N. F.
Education in Russia, like the systems of education in other countries, is going through substantial changes: the priorities, structure, and content of education are changing; new standards are being adopted; and an independent system is being put together to assess the results of instruction and the quality of education as a whole. It is the…
Ford, M. T.; McGehee, T. L.
Over the past ten years, the Geosciences Program at Texas A&M University-Kingsville has increased the number of Geology majors 400%, and in the past five years we have graduated 62 students, an increase of 800%. Of these graduates, 37% were Hispanic or African-American and 26% were women. Our graduates are high-achievers with 13% also graduating from the Honor's College (campus-wide rate is less than 1.5%) and that included three women and two Hispanic graduates. Two of these recent graduates are doctoral candidates and eleven are master's candidates at major universities. Of these, three master's candidates are Hispanic, including two women, and one doctoral candidate is a Hispanic woman. The recent productivity and quality changes in this program are attributed to our shift toward an undergraduate, student-centered focus. The increases in productivity resulted from the development of strong relationships with community colleges across the state and significant efforts in recruitment and retention. The major changes in quality included implementation of a strong field-oriented focus with full faculty participation, a strong undergraduate research program, a well-developed recruitment and retention plan, a GIS Certification incorporated into the geology degree, and a culture change to further student professional development. We have maintained over 50 majors in our program for the past three years through increased faculty presentations at high-schools and community colleges, a good University recruiting staff, and quarterly newsletters, focused on student achievements, sent to all prospective students and parents inquiring about the geology major. The resurgence of the oil and gas industry and the retirement of geoscientists have provided a steady stream of job opportunities for our graduates. The 79% that are not pursuing a graduate education accepted jobs after graduation. These include oil and gas entry level jobs, mining jobs, teaching jobs, and geospatial jobs. Our graduates are in high demand due to their strong field skills, research and/or GIS background and professional development, which includes a required two-credit course led by local industry professionals. These professionals also receive our program newsletter.
Knowles, C.; Kinchington, F.; Erwin, J.; Peters, B.
websiteextraA slide show presentation which can be downloaded is on the STI websitewww.sextransinf.com Conflicts of interest: none. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of video role play with structured feedback in improving undergraduate communication skills and application of knowledge in genitourinary medicine. Design: A blind, randomised, controlled trial. Subjects and setting: Fourth year undergraduates attending a 5 week attachment in genitourinary medicine during 1997 at a London medical school. Intervention: A randomly selected sample group of undergraduates were filmed in the role of a doctor interviewing a patient (played by an actor) presenting with a genitourinary (GU) problem. Structured feedback by a GU physician and an educational psychologist was given a week later. The control group of undergraduates did not receive this training intervention. Outcome measures: Student performance in two stations of an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), administered at the end of their attachment. This tested communication skills and knowledge in GU settings. Results: 132 undergraduates were assessed in the OSCE. 40 of these were in the sample group who received training using video role play with feedback and 92 were in the control group. The sample group scored significantly higher marks than the control group (p<0.001). Conclusions: Video role play with structured feedback is effective in improving undergraduate communication skills and application of knowledge in GU medicine settings. Key Words: education; role play; video assessment PMID:11588286
This article focuses on recent trends in quality assurance initiatives, analyses how the European Higher Education Area promotes quality enhancement mechanisms and their implications for quality cultures in universities. It presents and discusses two approaches towards quality enhancement both at the institutional and programme level: 1. Quality…
Phic design: anders eurén Print: geson hylte tryck aB Reg.nr:3750MReg.nr:S-000256 #12;change For Quality indicators and quality control Bibliometrics and ranking tools to enhance quality? continued Workstrategies for research and education 2009 2012 change for quality and renewal #12;the committee
Examines quality assurance systems in higher education in general and of ISO 9000, a set of international quality standards, in particular. Reports on a survey of 23 institutions worldwide concerning implementation of quality systems and application of the ISO 9000 standards. Concludes that while institutions have found the quality assurance…
Ahmad, Mas S; Razak, Ishak A; Borromeo, Gelsomina L
Meeting the oral health care needs of the growing population of people with special health care needs (SHCN) starts with dental students' acquisition of sound knowledge and development of clinical competence at the predoctoral level. The aim of this study was to review the level of undergraduate education in Special Needs Dentistry (SND) in Malaysian and Australian dental schools. The deans of all six Malaysian public dental schools and eight of nine Australian dental schools participated in a postal survey on current undergraduate didactic and clinical training in SND at their institutions. The results showed the number of dental schools in Malaysia with teaching in SND as a specific discipline was relatively low compared to that of Australia. However, a high percentage of Malaysian and Australian dental schools reported incorporating teaching of SND into pediatric dentistry (83.3 percent vs. 75 percent), oral medicine/oral pathology (66.7 percent vs. 75 percent), and oral surgery (66.7 percent vs. 25 percent). Most respondents said their school delivered SND clinical training in dental school clinics, hospital-based settings, and residential aged care facilities. Respondents in both countries viewed lack of faculty expertise as the greatest barrier to providing SND education. The study provides valuable information that can direct SND curriculum development in the two countries. PMID:25086148
Cogo, Ana Luísa Petersen; Pedro, Eva Néri Rubim; da Silva, Ana Paula Scheffer Schell; Schatkoski, Aline Modelski; Catalan, Vanessa Menezes; Alves, Rosa Helena Kreutz
This study addresses the use of digital learning materials in the format of hypertext, educational games and simulations about oxygen therapy with professors of an Undergraduate Nursing Course. It is a cross-sectional exploratory study that was carried out at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in 2006 with 10 intentionally selected professors. Data collection was performed by means of a questionnaire, using a Likert scale to assess the suitability of the content, visual presentation and use of learning materials. Descriptive statistics was used to organize and process the data. Results showed that the professors approved of the presentation of educational materials, they agreed with the suitability of the contents presented and with using the materials with the content regarding oxygen therapy. There was no significant relation between the professors' opinion and their age group, nor with their computer technology knowledge, their time in teaching and the addressed contents. PMID:19655668
Maguire, Kate; Gibbs, Paul
The purpose of this article is to contribute to the debate on the notion of quality in higher education with particular focus on "objectifying through articulation" the assessment of quality by professional experts. The article gives an overview of the differentiations of quality as used in higher education. It explores a substantial piece of…
John Nworie; Noela Haughton; Stephanie Oprandi
This article presents the results of an investigation into the qualities and qualifications sought in distance education leaders by institutions of higher education in the United States. The researchers examined 191 distance education leadership position announcements posted by online sources between 1997 and 2010. Content analysis of these announcements suggests that distance education leadership in higher education requires preparation at
A. J. Smith; D. E. A. Lockhart
Objective Evaluate the views of undergraduate dental students on a pilot web-based e-learning programme to establish its merit in providing education in infection prevention and control. The initiative was commissioned by NHS Education for Scotland as an educational resource for healthcare workers.Design, sample and setting This was a retrospective analysis of questionnaire data from the first cohort of dental students
Massy, William F.
This report, which is part of a study that seeks to help colleges, universities, and accreditation agencies improve their performance, presents insights gained from interviews and from documents collected in advance of and during visits to Denmark and Sweden in 1999 to examine higher education quality evaluations. Following Section 1,…
Bo Brinkman; V. Cross; L. Opyrchal
Recruiting undergraduates for research projects and managing these projects to ensure success presents numerous challenges; however, undergraduate student involvement in research provides many opportunities for students to strengthen their studies in computer science. One unique and successful program that involves undergraduates in research is Miami University's Undergraduate Summer Scholars (USS) program. This competitive program provides 100 awards every summer to
Eybe, Holger; Schmidt, Hans-Jurgen
Addresses the questions, What are the quality criteria of research in chemistry education, and In what ways do exemplary papers meet quality criteria? Selects exemplary papers to illustrate the criteria from 81 research papers published in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching (JRST) and the International Journal of Science Education (IJSE)…
Chua, Alton; Lam, Wing
Despite the proliferation of online education, concerns remain about the quality of online programmes. Quality assurance (QA) has become a prominent issue, not only for educational institutions and accreditors, but also for students and employers alike. This paper describes some of the rather unique QA processes used at Universitas 21 Global…
This paper reviews the literature pertaining to Total Quality Management (TQM) and its application in educational settings, especially at institutions of higher education. The review is organized into the following topical areas: the concept of "quality" (usually involving customer satisfaction, executive-level leadership, and employee…
Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Bureau of Educational Quality Assessment.
The results of the Pennsylvania Educational Quality Assessment program, Phase II, are interpreted. The first section of the manual presents a statement of each of the Ten Goals of Quality Education which served as the basis of the assessment. Also included are the key items on the questionnaires administered to 5th and 11th grade students. The…
Augustus E. Osseo-Asare; David Longbottom; Pieris Chourides
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to increase awareness of the critical role of “managerial leadership” in total quality management (TQM) implementation in UK higher education institutions (HEIs), and to encourage further research on how to sustain management and leadership best practices for total quality improvement in higher education. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A critical review of the literature on
Aikman, Sheila; Halai, Anjum; Rubagiza, Jolly
This article sets out to re-conceptualise gender equality in education quality. Four approaches to conceptualising gender equitable education quality are identified in the literature: human capital theory with a focus on parity and sameness for all; a human rights and power perspective, within which gender equality is viewed as transforming unjust…
Dahl, R. M.; Mrofka, D. D.; Droser, M.
UC Riverside is one of the most socioeconomically and ethnically diverse university campuses in the country. As one of only two federally-designated Hispanic Serving Research Institutions, UCR has long been committed to successfully educating and graduating Latino students in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields (fields in which Latino students are severely under-represented). Because Latinos are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the country, educating Latino students in climate science is necessary for creating an educated and informed American society. Each year nearly 3000 undergraduate students take lower-division courses in the UCR Earth Sciences Department. This creates a unique opportunity to educate a broad cross-section of students from all fields and majors in societally-important Earth Science issues. As part of a NASA Global Climate Change Education grant, the Earth Sciences Department has restructured its lower-division courses to emphasize climate science by redesigning labs and activities that incorporate online NASA climate data, with the idea that first-hand analysis of data will provide students with a better understanding of the complexities of climate change. While NASA data and resources are being woven in all lower-division courses, one course in particular, "Global Climate Change," has been completely redesigned: this course now both examines the science of climate change and trains students in the articulation of climate science. Students learn to use new medial like YouTube to create and disseminate their own educational vidoes. The goal of this approach is to educate all students, not just those studying Earth Sciences, and to ultimately increase the general public's understanding of global climate change.
Manspeaker, Sarah A.; Van Lunen, Bonnie
Context: Professional athletic training education must transition toward instruction of evidence-based practice in order to maintain progress with other health professions' clinical practices and educational standards. Objective: To evaluate athletic training educators' experience with implementation of evidence-based practice concepts in CAATE…
The long-running REU-program is tacitly intended to increase retention and provide "an important educational experience" for undergraduates, particularly women, minorities and underrepresented groups. This longitudinal, two-stage study was designed to explore the ways in which the REU acted as an educational experience for 51 women in the field of astronomy. Stage-1 consisted of an ex post facto analysis of data collected over 8 years, including multiple interviews with each participant during their REU, annual open-ended alumni surveys, faculty interviews, and extensive field notes. Four themes emerged, related to developing understandings of the nature of professional scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, and an understanding of the "self." Analysis provided an initial theory that was used to design the Stage-2 interview protocol. In Stage-2, over 10 hours of interviews were conducted with 8 participants selected for their potential to disconfirm the initial theory. Results indicate that the REU provided a limited impact in terms of participants’ knowledge of professional astronomy as a largely computer-based endeavor. The REU did not provide a substantive educational experience related to the nature of scientific work, the scientific process, the culture of academia, participants' conceptions about themselves as situated in science, or other aspects of the "self,” were limited. Instead, the data suggests that these women began the REU with pre-existing and remarkably strong conceptions in these areas, and that the REU did not functional to alter those states. These conceptions were frequently associated with other mentors/scientist interactions, from middle school into the undergraduate years. Instructors and family members also served as crucial forces in shaping highly developed, stable science identities. Sustained relationships with mentors were particularly transformational. These findings motivate an ongoing research agenda of long-term mentoring relationships for women in the sciences, at a variety of stages and across multiple disciplines.
Rivers, Damian J.
Adopting mixed methods of data collection and analysis, the current study models the "perceived value of compulsory English language education" in a sample of 138 undergraduate non-language majors of Japanese nationality at a national university in Japan. During the orientation period of a compulsory 15-week English language programme, the 138…
Shaffer, Christopher D.; Alvarez, Consuelo; Bailey, Cheryl; Barnard, Daron; Bhalla, Satish; Chandrasekaran, Chitra; Chandrasekaran, Vidya; Chung, Hui-Min; Dorer, Douglas R.; Du, Chunguang; Eckdahl, Todd T.; Poet, Jeff L.; Frohlich, Donald; Goodman, Anya L.; Gosser, Yuying; Hauser, Charles; Hoopes, Laura L. M.; Johnson, Diana; Jones, Christopher J.; Kaehler, Marian; Kokan, Nighat; Kopp, Olga R.; Kuleck, Gary A.; McNeil, Gerard; Moss, Robert; Myka, Jennifer L.; Nagengast, Alexis; Morris, Robert; Overvoorde, Paul J.; Shoop, Elizabeth; Parrish, Susan; Reed, Kelynne; Regisford, E. Gloria; Revie, Dennis; Rosenwald, Anne G.; Saville, Ken; Schroeder, Stephanie; Shaw, Mary; Skuse, Gary; Smith, Christopher; Smith, Mary; Spana, Eric P.; Spratt, Mary; Stamm, Joyce; Thompson, Jeff S.; Wawersik, Matthew; Wilson, Barbara A.; Youngblom, Jim; Leung, Wilson; Buhler, Jeremy; Mardis, Elaine R.; Lopatto, David; Elgin, Sarah C. R.
Genomics is not only essential for students to understand biology but also provides unprecedented opportunities for undergraduate research. The goal of the Genomics Education Partnership (GEP), a collaboration between a growing number of colleges and universities around the country and the Department of Biology and Genome Center of Washington…
Cuccaro-Alamin, Stephen; Choy, Susan P.
This report examines the postsecondary financing strategies of undergraduates, describing how they combine work, borrowing, and attendance to support their postsecondary enrollment and examines the relationship between various financing strategies and students' persistence in postsecondary education. The report uses data from the 1992-93 National…
Describes undergraduate family values surveys conducted at the beginning and end of a family sociology course at a large public university. States surveys were used to assess change in family values and the implications of the change. Focuses on issues such as diversity, student employment, liberal education, and socialization processes. (KDR)
Inquiry-based learning (IBL) is an approach that could be used by undergraduate educators that appears to meet the suggestions by Dewey to integrate students' interests and experiences with content knowledge. The IBL approach has been described as "a range of strategies used to promote learning through students' active, and increasingly…
Clark, Freeman Thomas
An objection often raised against student participation in university governance is that students don't know enough about institutions of higher education. An undergraduate course that focuses on the functions and role of the university would help answer that objection. Such a course has been developed at the University of Michigan and includes…
Atelsek, Frank J.; Andersen, Charles J.
The number of undergraduate credit hours taken in the sciences, engineering, and engineering technology, and in four major humanities fields (English, history, modern languages, and philosophy) for the fall semester, 1980-1981 was studied, based on a survey of 65 colleges and universities that are members of the American Council on Education's…
E. J. Kohut; F. C. Smith
The NSF-MARGINS funded Leg 7 of the Cook Expedition (2001) has produced abundant amount of samples and data. While these have been the subject of intended published and ongoing research, they have also been successfully applied to undergraduate education at the University of Delaware. Mineral and whole rock analyses have been incorporated into Earth Materials courses as portions of problem
da Silva, Ana Paula Scheffer Schell; Cogo, Ana Luisa Petersen
This exploratory descriptive study aimed at assessing the performance of undergraduate students in the fourth year of the Nursing course to carry out a vein puncture technique with the support of three digital educational materials--hypertext, educational games, and simulations. The sample consisted of 37 students, who had studied the digital material in an IT laboratory and had carried out the procedure of peripheral vein puncture in training laboratory. Ten stages considered essential for the accomplishment of the procedure were observed, and an assessment form of the educational materials was analyzed. Thirty three (89.19%) subjects had never done vein puncture, and 27 (72.97%) correctly performed five or more stages of the procedure. As to visualizing and saving the educational materials in the computer, 12 (32.44%) and 15 (40.54%) students, respectively, said to have had some kind of difficulty. According to 91.90% of the students, the material aided their learning process, which demonstrates this learning tool can be explored and more frequently used. PMID:17907639
McLellan, Lucy; Tully, Mary Patricia; Dornan, Tim
This review examines the extent to which undergraduate prescribing education prepares graduates for the complexities of prescribing in the workplace context. In order to prescribe safely, it is important for medical students to acquire prescribing expertise. We have developed a theoretical model, based on theories of expertise development, which acknowledges the inherent complexity of the task itself, the social context and the relationship between the two. We have examined the empirical evidence on educational interventions for prescribing by reviewing the extent to which the interventions acknowledge the different components of our theoretical model. Fifteen empirical studies met our inclusion criteria and were reviewed in detail. All the studies were conducted between 2002 and 2010, six were controlled trials, six were before and after studies and three were prospective observational studies. We found that most studies focused on improving and evaluating students' knowledge and skills, although they used different approaches to doing so. These aspects of prescribing only constitute a small part of our theoretical model of prescribing expertise. Other important components, such as social context, metacognition and training transfer, were neglected. We suggest that educational interventions need to account for the integrated nature of learning to prescribe and take a more contextualized approach which considers the task as a whole, rather than isolated constituent parts. In doing so, prescribing education could equip graduates with the necessary expertise to judge and respond to situations, enabling them to prescribe safely, or seek the help to do so, in the unpredictable and complex context of workplaces. PMID:22420765
Fung, Chanel Kit-Ho; Lam, Chi-Chung
The issue of education vouchers has been widely researched as they are seen by many people as an effective strategy for improving the quality of education services. Striving to enhance the quality of the kindergarten education service in Hong Kong, the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has committed a substantial sum of…
Muenkel, Jessica; Bellis, Matthew; CMS Collaboration
Involving students in research is an important part of the undergraduate experience. By working on a problem where the answer is unknown, students apply what they learn in the classroom to a real-world challenge, which reinforce the more theoretical aspects of their courses. Many undergraduates are drawn to the idea of working on big particle physics experiments like CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), but the threshold is high for them to contribute to an analysis. Those of us who perform research spend much of our time debugging scripts and C + + code, usually specific to that one experiment. If an undergraduate is not going on to grad school in particle physics, much of that work can be wasted on them. However, there are many general skills that students can learn by working on parts of a particle physics analysis (relativistic kinematics, statistics, coding, etc.), and so it is worth trying to lower the threshold to engage students. In this poster, we present a suite of datasets and tools, built around the Python programming language that simplify the workflow and allow a student to interact with CMS data immediately. While it is a staple of the particle physics community, we avoid using the ROOT toolkit, so as to stick to more broadly used tools that the students can take with them. These tools are being used to supplement the educational examples for the CERN Open Data Portal, a project to make LHC datasets available to the general public. The successes and limitations of CMS Made Simple will be discussed and links are provided to these tools.
Kouptsov, O.; Tatur, Y.
The major aspects of the Russian educational system were examined in terms of quality assurance. No part of the educational system in Russia is small enough to escape some form of assessment, measurement, comparison, audit, or classification as to quality. To describe the quality control system, the book begins with an overview of Russian…
Harford, Judith, Ed.; Hudson, Brian, Ed.; Niemi, Hannele, Ed.
Ensuring quality in and through teaching and learning has become a fundamental global concern. Emanating from a colloquium on "Quality Assurance and Teacher Education" hosted by University College Dublin in 2010 and funded by the European Educational Research Association, this book interrogates how quality cultures can be fostered in the field of…
Hill, Heather C.; Shih, Jeffrey
This "Research Commentary" addresses the quality of statistical research in mathematics education. To do so, 10 years of Journal for Research in Mathematics Education (JRME) articles were analyzed on the basis of criteria suggested by the American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and National Council for…
Barrett, Angeline M.
A good quality education is inclusive, relevant and democratic. Of these three characteristics, the author contends that democratic is the most fundamental and underpins the other two. Education can only truly be inclusive and relevant if its goals are continuously the subject of open democratic debate, since education is a value-based,…
This paper provides an overview of Chinese government attempts to promote a revised school curriculum reflecting a more holistic approach to education under the banner of "suzhi jiaoyu" ("quality education"), and positions the policies in the Chinese historical, educational, social and economic context. While the push has inspired innovative…
Pei Lin, Lua; Wan Putri Elena, Wan Dali; Mohd Razif, Shahril
Background: University students generally tend to engage in problematic eating behaviours, including unhealthy dieting, skipping meals, and high intake of fast food, although they are aware of the negative consequences. Eating behaviours have been shown to be interestingly related to quality of life (QoL). Our study aimed to 1) assess general nutrition quality of life (NQoL) status and 2) compare NQoL status based on gender, financial resources, study courses, year of study, and body mass index (BMI) profiles. Methods: This study was conducted among undergraduates of health sciences in a local public university in Terengganu. Students completed the Malay version of NQoL (6 domains; 50 items; Likert-type responses 1–5). Data analysis was carried out by using SPSS 16.0, utilising descriptive and parametric statistics. Results: A total of 241 students were enrolled [age = 19.7 (0.1) years; female (83.0%); Malay (96.7%)]. Social/Interpersonal Factors [3.84 (0.43)] emerged as the best component, while Food Impact [3.10 (0.40)] was the worst. Across all variables, only gender and study courses showed significantly different NQoL. Females scored better than males in Self-Efficacy (confidence in food selection ability) (P < 0.05). Nursing students also experienced significantly greater NQoL (mean = 3.58, 95% CI = 3.47, 3.68) than radiography students in Self-Efficacy (p < 0.05). Medical laboratory technology students had a significantly more favourable NQoL rating (mean = 3.62, 95% CI = 3.47, 3.76) than nursing students in Self-Image (p < 0.05). Study courses significantly influenced the NQoL status of students with Good NQoL, while those with Poor NQoL were mostly influenced by gender and financial resources (p < 0.05). Conclusion: These outcomes indicate that specific demographic characteristics seemed to make a difference in the NQoL of undergraduate students. PMID:23785251
The hallmark of Engineering Technology (ET) programs is its student-centered curriculum and hands-on approach to teaching. Many institutions with ET programs now require scholarship of their ET faculty in addition to their teaching duties. In many institutions that have always emphasized scholarship and research, undergraduate student education has often times taken a back seat to research. The question that arises for ET programs as we begin to engage in scholarly activities is: how do we insure that ET scholarship is student-centered similar to ET teaching and curriculum? The benefits of scholarship to ET students include enhancement of their critical thinking, innovative, lifelong learning skills, skills that many ET employers today are looking for in our students. In this paper, the author examines issues relating to the importance of scholarship to ET undergraduate students, barriers to ET student scholarship, mechanisms for embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum, resources required to facilitate ET student scholarship, and feedback from ET student scholars who recently worked on a scholarly project with the author. The author concludes that embedding scholarship in the ET curriculum is very desirable and suggests some ways and means to facilitate and nurture student scholarship in ET.
Cohen-Vogel, Lora; Hunt, Hyland
Two dueling national agendas characterize discussions surrounding teacher quality and teacher education reform. For professionalists, teacher quality is synonymous with meeting a set of professional standards. For deregulationists, these standards are roadblocks that deter high-quality candidates from pursuing jobs in teaching. Despite differences…
Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly
Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is a topic of increased policy interest in the Slovak Republic where improving quality in the ECEC sector is a subject of growing importance. The OECD has identified five effective policy levers to encourage quality in the sector: 1) quality goals and regulations; 2) curriculum and guidelines; 3)…
Miller, Richard I.
Discussion of various quality control strategies in American higher education looks at and compares Total Quality Management (TQM), outcomes assessment, Deming's 14 points, the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the ISO 9000 series, restructuring, reengineering, and performance indicators. It is suggested that colleges and universities will…
Krause, Jackie; Dias, Laura Portolese; Schedler, Chris
The growth of competency-based education in an online environment requires the development and measurement of quality competency-based courses. While quality measures for online courses have been developed and standardized, they do not directly align with emerging best practices and principles in the design of quality competency-based online…
through undergraduate partnerships to engage students in STEM experiences early and consistently, involving university faculty and students to meet STEM education challenges. 2. Improve STEM Teacher Training and Professional Development Quality. Revitalize STEM teacher pre-service education, induction
In this paper we argue that RoboCup is a useful tool for the teaching of AI in undergraduate education. We provide case studies, from two Swedish universities, of how RoboCup based AI courses can be implemented using a problem based approach. Although the courses were successful there are significant areas for improvement. Firstly, to help students cope with the complexity of the domain we developed RoboSoc, a general software framework for developing simulated RoboCup agents. Secondly, we propose creating close co-operation between the teachers and researchers at Scandinavian Universities with the aim of increasing the motivation of both students and teachers by providing accessible information and competence. Target Audience: High School Faculty/Administrators, 2-4 Year College Faculty/Administrators
Rosenblum, Ruth K.; Sprague-McRae, Julie
School nurses require ongoing continuing education in a number of areas. The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) framework can be utilized in considering school nurses' roles and developing continuing education. Focusing on neurology continuing education, the QSEN framework is illustrated with the example of concussion management…
Anders, Sven; Mueller, Martina; Sperhake, Jan-Peter; Petersen-Ewert, Corinna; Schiekirka, Sarah; Raupach, Tobias
Forensic medicine can provide access to autopsies for students in undergraduate medical education. Previous qualitative studies reported that attending autopsies promotes learning and is helpful in organising information in the context of self-directed learning, covering cognitive, emotional and societal issues. In the present study, learning outcome regarding specific pathophysiological learning objectives of students who attended an autopsy elective (intervention group, n?=?32) was estimated in comparison to peer students who signed up for the course but were not selected (control group A, n?=?47) and students who had not signed up (control group B, n?=?186). Learning outcome (expressed as a percent knowledge gain) was measured by means of comparative self-assessments (CSA). Furthermore, group interviews were conducted to evaluate the attending students' perceptions and experiences of the course. In the intervention group, the percent knowledge gain for learning objectives reflecting pathophysiological mechanisms was about twice as high than that in the control groups, while all three groups showed comparable knowledge gain for learning objectives covered by mandatory courses that were held during the study period. Results of mandatory post-course assessments showed no statistically significant differences between the intervention and control groups. Therefore, the knowledge gain regarding learning objectives not covered by mandatory courses that was observed in the intervention group reflected the additional benefit of attending the autopsy course. Group interviews with the participants revealed gain of integrated knowledge and understanding of pathophysiological relations as important issues, while negative effects were reported infrequently. Our findings suggest that attendance of a series of autopsies fosters learning and understanding of important issues in medical education and should therefore be part of undergraduate medical curricula wherever possible. PMID:24487723
Filippakou, Ourania; Tapper, Ted
This paper analyses the unfolding of the quality agenda in England from 1992 to the present. By using two disciplinary approaches, "political science" and "social philosophy", the article traces the recent transition from quality assurance to quality enhancement. How is this development to be explained and how significant is it? Are the concepts…
The titles in this section include: 1) GRIDVIEW: Recent Improvements in Research and Education Software for Exploring Mars Topography; 2) Software and Hardware Upgrades for the University of North Dakota Asteroid and Comet Internet Telescope (ACIT); 3) Web-based Program for Calculating Effects of an Earth Impact; 4) On-Line Education, Web- and Virtual-Classes in an Urban University: A Preliminary Overview; 5) Modelling Planetary Material's Structures: From Quasicrystalline Microstructure to Crystallographic Materials by Use of Mathematica; 6) How We Used NASA Lunar Set in Planetary and Material Science Studies: Textural and Cooling Sequences in Sections of Lava Column from a Thin and a Thick Lava-Flow, from the Moon and Mars with Terrestrial Analogue and Chondrule Textural Comparisons; 7) Classroom Teaching of Space Technology and Simulations by the Husar Rover Model; 8) New Experiments (In Meteorology, Aerosols, Soil Moisture and Ice) on the New Hunveyor Educational Planetary Landers of Universities and Colleges in Hungary; 9) Teaching Planetary GIS by Constructing Its Model for the Test Terrain of the Hunveyor and Husar; 10) Undergraduate Students: An Untapped Resource for Planetary Researchers; 11) Analog Sites in Field Work of Petrology: Rock Assembly Delivered to a Plain by Floods on Earth and Mars; 12) RELAB (Reflectance Experiment Laboratory): A NASA Multiuser Spectroscopy Facility; 13) Full Text Searching and Customization in the NASA ADS Abstract Service.
AbuQamar, Synan; Alshannag, Qasim; Sartawi, Abdelaziz; Iratni, Rabah
Due to its valuable benefits and potential risks, there is a progressing debate among opponents and proponents of biotechnology in recent decades. Previous studies have shown that lack of knowledge about biotechnology remains the concern about genetically modified organisms/food (GMO/GMF). This study assessed levels of educational awareness perceptions and attitudes of United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) students towards biotechnology. An electronic survey including literacy, environmental, social, and economic domains associated with biotechnology was administered to obtain data from undergraduate students in different colleges of the university. Responses from students (n?=?1,104) were gathered and statistically analyzed. Results indicated that educational awareness in biotechnology literacy and environmental domains were significantly different according to the enrolled college and the academic achievement of the student. In general, a poor overall performance of our students' understanding was concluded. Aware groups most likely accepted accurate biotechnology information delivered by reliable sources from internet or lectures; they grasped their knowledge from surrounding people as a secondary source. Since UAEU students have several concept misunderstandings of biotechnology and its ethics, our results suggest that awareness plays a crucial role in forming a "clear-cut" opinion about this technology. Because education can shape public attitudes toward biotechnology, priorities on university curricula and teaching strategies should be extensively given, and therefore, improve in respect to this topic. Ultimately, this promotes the students' perception in understanding the new technology. © 2015 by The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 43(4):283-293, 2015. PMID:25787822
Kelsey, Ryan Daniel
Brownfield Action is a computer simulation experience used by undergraduates in an Introduction to Environmental Science course for non-science majors at Barnard College. Students play the role of environmental consultants given the semester-long task of investigating a potentially contaminated landsite in a simulated town. The simulation serves as the integration mechanism for the entire course. The project is a collaboration between Professor Bower and the Columbia University Center for New Media Teaching and Learning (CCNMTL). This study chronicles the discovery, design, development, implementation, and evaluation of this project over its four-year history from prototype to full-fledged semester-long integrated lecture and lab experience. The complete project history serves as a model for the development of best practices in contributing to the field of educational technology in higher education through the study of fully designed and implemented projects in real classrooms. Recommendations from the project focus on linking the laboratory and lecture portions of a course, the use of simulations (especially for novice students), instructor adaptation to the use of technology, general educational technology project development, and design research, among others. Findings from the study also emphasize the uniqueness of individual student's growth through the experience, and the depth of understanding that can be gained from embracing the complexity of studying sophisticated learning environments in real classrooms.
Adams, Kay Angona
The implementation of a system of educational development in the College of Pharmacy at the Ohio State University in the form of an Office of Educational Development (OED) is described. A chronological history of OED is provided, and some of the more significant and interesting developmental events are highlighted, including curriculum…
Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Obeidat, Osama M.; Lansford, Jennifer E.
The present study evaluates a major education reform in Jordan—the implementation of public kindergartens—and provides an example of how evaluation can be incorporated into education reform. In the context of education reform in Jordan, 532 public kindergartens have been created over the last five years. A stratified random sample of kindergartens was selected to represent these new public kindergartens (n = 84) and previously existing private kindergartens (n = 23). Independent observers rated the quality of kindergarten environments in seven domains. Overall, 13% of public kindergarten environments were observed to be inadequate, 43% were of minimal quality, 43% were good, and 1% were excellent. In four of the seven domains, the quality of public kindergartens was significantly higher than the quality of private kindergartens; there were no significant differences in the other domains. Findings suggest the importance of continuing to implement high quality kindergartens in Jordan and of incorporating evaluations into education reform. PMID:21170163
Read, Barbara; Robson, Jocelyn; Francis, Becky
Academic assessment of their coursework is of great importance to undergraduate students. Yet little attention has been paid to the perceptions of undergraduate writing that academics draw on in their assessment practices and the ways in which these perceptions may be gendered. This article reports findings from a study that asked lecturers about…
Gilbert, Jaesook Lee; Harte, Helene Arbouet
This paper describes efforts to increase the quality in early care and education through targeted coaching. A collaborative including several community agencies and a university developed a framework of support for early care and education providers, using coaching as its foundational basis, called Coaching to Quality (CTQ). This paper provides a…
McLaughlin, Jay P; Gomes, Stacey; Seliga, Angela; Goyette, Sharon Ramos; Morrison, Amy; Reich, Christian G; Frye, Cheryl A
The Northeast Under/Graduate Research Organization for Neuroscience (NEURON) was established 12 years ago in order to foster the training, education, and research of both undergraduate and graduate neuroscience students. NEURON hosts two annual conferences (Boston in the fall; New York City in the spring) to promote and support neuroscience training, education, and research. For 12 years, the organization has promoted neuroscience by exposing neuroscience trainees to research and educational perspectives (Edinger et al., 2004, 2005; Frye and Edinger, 2004; Goyette et al., 2008; Rhodes et al., 2006, 2007, 2008). Conferences are supported by an NIH R13 grant, and serve as a valuable experience for both students and mentors with a passion for neuroscience. This paper describes the proceedings of the fall 2007 meeting at Northeastern University. PMID:23493230
Frazier, Gregory W.
This book provides American Indian and Alaska Native students with sources for securing financial aid for higher education. The first section covers sources of funding and grants for individuals who are pursuing undergraduate degrees. This financial support includes scholarships with state residency requirements, general undergraduate…
Nino, Lana Sami
Understanding the professional identity of senior-level undergraduate business students may shed light on the rampant unethical acts of business managers in industry. Business education is the largest segment of undergraduate majors, constituting more than 20% of students in four-year institutions, year after year. To explain the professional…
Practical laboratory and work experience has been helpful in reinforcing the undergraduate educational experience. With limited resources, individual organizations may struggle to give a student a well rounded opportunity. Most undergraduates work within internships or cooperative educational fram...
Drenkard, Karen Neil
The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) grant was launched over 5 years after the Institute of Medicine's report that shared the stark truth about medical errors. The 4 phases of QSEN have provided a roadmap for nursing prelicensure and graduate students to integrate quality improvement and safety content into educational programs. By fully aligning the resources of academic programs with health care organizations, a more robust and comprehensive approach could be taken to ensure that all nurses receive the benefit of the most up-to-date and thorough education about quality and safety. PMID:26049605
Kay, Carol; Healy, Margaret
The effect of quality circles at Iowa State University on absenteeism, performance evaluation, perceptions of the organization climate, job satisfaction, and perceived opportunities for professional and personal growth was measured in this study. The process of quality circles is designed to promote job fulfillment and organizational productivity…
Ana Brochado; Rui Cunha Marques
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the performance of five alternative measures of service quality in the high education sector – service quality (SERVQUAL), importance-weighted SERVQUAL, service performance (SERVPERF), importance-weighted SERVPERF, and higher education performance (HEdPERF). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire containing perception items enhanced from the SERVPERF and HEdPERF
Baxen, Jean; Nsubuga, Yvonne; Botha, Liz Johanson
While governments and communities across the globe are faced with the challenge of providing their citizens with good-quality education, there is lack of consensus on how education quality should be defined. Whereas a great deal has been written about the human capital and human rights approaches, which currently dominate the debate, the potential…
This article presents a critical-political discourse analysis of the media debate over quality assurance in higher education, which occurred in Chile after the 2011 student movement. Students criticized the privatization of higher education and the multiple flaws of this sector, which included corruption scandals during the process of quality…
Janosik, Steven M., Ed.; Creamer, Don G., Ed.; Alexander, M. David, Ed.
This monograph contains the invited papers of the major speakers at the Educational Policy Institutes Second Annual International Conference in Quality in Higher Education held at Exeter College, University of Oxford, England in the summer of 2001. The purpose of the conference was to discuss how quality is being defined, measured, and ensured in…
Huts, Kristof; De Knop, Paul; Theeboom, Marc
This paper reports the findings of a qualitative study evaluating the social quality of school physical education in Flanders. Drawing on a nine-question survey, it explores the expectations and experiences of 124 respondents from different social, educational and workforce agencies and organisations with regard to important objectives of high…
Total Quality Management is a concept that has permeated the thinking of many higher education managers very quickly within the past five years. It is a product of the market ideologies of the 1980s and the managerialism which accompanied them. Nevertheless, despite the special features of higher education as a set of activities based on the creation and dissemination of
Vladimir A. Testov
The current approach to assessing the educational quality applicable to assessing objects and processes formed and realized in producing spheres is widely spread. However, as education is a much more complicated anthropological, social and cultur al object in comparison to that of production, the above mentioned approach is least effective. In edu cation both \\
In the UK and elsewhere, higher education is increasingly and controversially being construed, especially within political discourse, as a marketised commodity service to paying customers. Notions of quality, broadly construed, will be of central significance in the development of new markets in higher education in the UK and beyond. Drawing upon…
Lynch, Richard L.; And Others
Several respected educators responded to the question, "What is high quality vocational education?" They agreed on such essential components as innovative and flexible teachers, meaningful partnerships with business and industry, strong student organizations, supportive administrators and technologically current equipment and supplies. (JOW)
Sivin, Jay P., Ed.; Bialo, Ellen R., Ed.
Summarizes a House Committee on Education report that looks at the uses of technology in today's schools. Finds that there are economic forces that work against the development of innovative software. Points out that the quality of educational software has been improving. (MVL)
This paper examines quality assurance in Nigerian University education and credentialing. The research contends that university education in Nigeria which hitherto enjoyed tremendous global respectability and acceptability is fast loosing its high esteem in the face of labour market and members of community because the currently certified Nigerian…
This study examined enabling conditions related to implementing and sustaining a high-quality physical education program at three elementary schools in Pennsylvania. Physical education is being reduced or removed from elementary curriculums because of reduced school budgets and a strong focus on academic standards. Furthermore, the lack of…
ASPBAE Courier, 1991
This issue of the "Courier" examines the quality of life as it can be improved by adult education, especially in the countries of Asia, Africa, and the South Pacific. It also looks at the need for women's education. The following six articles are included: (1) "The Future of the Family" (Federico Mayor); (2) "Her Words on His Lips: Gender Popular…
Simon, Martin A.
All fields of research need to reconsider, on an ongoing basis, their standards for research quality. At the present time in mathematics education, such discussion is particularly critical to the ongoing growth and strength of the field. Mathematics education research has evolved significantly in the last 20 years. The most sweeping change has…
Jenks, Kathleen M.; de Moor, Jan; van Lieshout, Ernest C. D. M.; Withagen, Floortje
The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate the quality of arithmetic education for children with cerebral palsy. The use of individual educational plans, amount of arithmetic instruction time, arithmetic instructional grouping, and type of arithmetic teaching method were explored in three groups: children with cerebral palsy (CP) in…
Sajiene, Laima; Tamuliene, Rasa
The research presented in this article aims to validate quality assessment parameters for student support at higher education institutions. Student support is discussed as the system of services provided by a higher education institution which helps to develop student-centred curriculum and fulfils students' emotional, academic, social needs, and…
Barandiaran-Galdos, Marta; Barrenetxea-Ayesta, Miren; Cardona-Rodriguez, Antonio; Mijangos-Del-Campo, Juan Jose; Olaskoaga-Larrauri, Jon
This article sets out to investigate the notions Spanish university teaching staff have of quality in education, on the assumption that those notions give a reliable picture of the attitudes of teaching staff towards education policy design and university management. The paper takes an empirical approach, collecting opinions telematically via a…
Kerrison, Dorothy Adair
The primary objective of this pilot study is to provide evidence that a budget-tailored culinary nutrition program is both appropriate and applicable to undergraduate food science students both in everyday life as well as their future health careers. Two validated programs were combined into one program in order to evaluate their combined effects: Cooking With a Chef and Cooking Matters at the Store. The secondary objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the components and reliability of a questionnaire created specifically for this pilot study. A review of past literature was written, which included culinary nutrition as a source of primary prevention, the importance of incorporating cost with culinary nutrition, and the importance of incorporating cost with culinary nutrition. Based on the literature review, it was determined that a budget-tailored culinary nutrition program was appropriate and applicable to undergraduate food science students interested in pursuing health-related careers. The pilot study design was a semi-crossover study: all four groups received the program, however, two groups were first treated as the control groups. All fifty-four participants received 5 sessions of culinary nutrition information from Cooking With a Chef, collaboratively delivered by a nutrition educator and a chef, and one session of information about shopping healthy on a budget from Cooking Matters at the Store in the form of a grocery store tour led by the nutrition educator. Three questionnaires were administered to the participants that evaluated culinary nutrition and price knowledge, cooking attitudes, and opinions of the programs' relevance to participants' everyday lives and careers. Two of the questionnaires, including a questionnaire developed specifically for the pilot study, were delivered as a pre- and post-test while the third questionnaire was delivered as a post-test. Eight random participants also partook in a focus group session led by the nutrition educator. Based on statistical results, there were significant differences between the treatment group and control group in Cooking Self-Efficacy (p=0.0024), Self-Efficacy for Using Basic Cooking Techniques (p=<0.0001), Self-Efficacy for Using Fruits, Vegetables, and Seasonings (p=<0.0001), and the ability to use economical methods to purchase low-cost produce and identify different forms of produce (p=<0.0001). For the one-time post-program administered questionnaire, the participants received an average score of 89.44 percent. The reliability procedure performed on the pilot study questionnaire showed that 13 of the 15 items were statistically reliable (p<0.05). The factor analysis procedure performed showed that there were five factors within the pilot study questionnaire. Participant responses from the focus group included how the program was a positive change from other mandatory courses, reaffirmed or increased interest in their major(s) and applied both to their everyday life and future career. This pilot study demonstrates preliminary results of the effects of combining culinary nutrition information with budget and price concepts to deliver to undergraduate food science students. The significance of understanding both culinary nutrition and price is important in order to effectively deliver nutrition counseling to patients of all different demographics. Additional testing and modification could be performed on the curriculum as well as the pilot study questionnaire in order to effectively relate the instrument to the program and increase the instrument's reliability.
Purpose: This study aims to analyze the quality of the Egyptian accreditation system. With a view on the high competition in the domestic labor market as well as with regards to the international competitiveness of Egyptian graduates and the potential role of Egyptian universities in the international market for higher education, a high quality of…
Macchia, Peter, Jr.
Discussion of the use of Total Quality Management (TQM) assessment tools in educational settings highlights and gives examples of fishbone diagrams, or cause and effect charts; Pareto diagrams; control charts; histograms and check sheets; scatter diagrams; and flowcharts. Variation and quality are discussed in terms of continuous process…
Taguma, Miho; Litjens, Ineke; Makowiecki, Kelly
Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits--for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on "quality". Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society. This series of country…
Grammatikopoulos, Vasilis; Gregoriadis, Athanasios; Tsigilis, Nikolaos; Zachopoulou, Evridiki
The aim of the current study was to examine the assessments of parents of the quality of early childhood education (ECE) in Greece. Five hundred and fifty three preschoolers' parents participated in this study providing quality and importance ratings based on the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale Parent Questionnaire (ECERSPQ) for the…
This article reports on research to form an understanding of how to account whether and how quality management (QM) has been adopted in Greek higher education. Greece only recently introduced quality assurance policies. In this study, I will describe governmental reforms related to QM policies until 2010. An issue that is frequently addressed…
Kaufman, Roger; Zahn, Douglas
This book applies quality management, an organizational theory that has been successful in business and industry, to education. Chapter 1 describes the basic elements of quality management (QM)--continuous improvement, client satisfaction, positive return on investment, and doing it right the first and every time. Ways to implement Deming's 14…
Ho, Dora Choi Wa
This article aims to identify leadership roles for quality in early childhood programmes in the local settings of a sample of Hong Kong preschools. Two schools were selected for the study, both of which were rated as excellent in the quality assurance inspections of a local education authority. Effective leadership was explored from the multiple…
Law, Dennis Chung Sea
Purpose: A major focus of the recent research into the quality of post-secondary education is the centrality of the student experience. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on studies addressing such a focus to shed light on how quality assurance (QA) practices can be improved. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reviews some…
Questions abound about the quality and purpose of American higher education in the early 21st century. Solutions have tended to be framed in terms of economic production and manufacturing quality control models, and these terms increasingly characterize state and federal systems of authority over colleges and universities. As Habermas theorized,…
Dumond, Ellen J.; Johnson, Thomas W.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide insight into quality management for business education. The paper provides business schools and Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) with information about two different quality standards and suggests how the AACSB accreditation process might be strengthened--thereby…
Ali, Hairuddin Mohd; Musah, Mohammed Borhandden
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the quality culture and workforce performance in the Malaysian higher education sector. The study also aims to test and validate the psychometric properties of the quality culture and workforce performance instruments used in the study. Design/methodology/approach: A total…
Evashwick, Connie J; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D
The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health. PMID:25453028
Evashwick, Connie J.; Tao, Donghua; Arnold, Lauren D.
The education of undergraduate college students in the field of public health has burgeoned over the past decade. Professional literature in peer-reviewed journals is one indicator of the status of a field of study and its related body of knowledge. It is also a mechanism for sharing information among professionals about challenges, issues, experiences, and best practices. The purpose of the literature review conducted here was to describe the status of the peer-reviewed literature over the past decade pertaining to the education of undergraduates about the field of public health in the United States (U.S.). A literature search was conducted of three databases: PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC. Inclusion criteria were publication date from January 1, 2004 through July 31, 2014; written in the English language; pertaining to undergraduate education in the U.S.; and a focus on public health as the primary discipline. Public health was searched as an overarching discipline; articles focused on sub-disciplines or other health professions disciplines were excluded. The search resulted in 158 articles. Each of the authors reviewed the abstracts for all articles and read full articles when necessary. The result was 23 articles that were then considered in depth. The articles were categorized according to their primary theme: curriculum, courses, learning objectives (N?=?14); evaluation of teaching method (N?=?3); case study (N?=?3); career path and advising (N?=?2); accreditation (N?=?1). Year of publication and journal were also examined. The results of the literature search lead to several observations about how the peer-reviewed literature has been used to date and how it could be used to advance the emerging field of undergraduate education for public health. PMID:25453028
Jensen, Jamie L; Dario-Becker, Juville; Hughes, Lee E; Amburn, D Sue Katz; Shaw, Joyce A
Recent recommendations for educational research encourage empirically tested, theory-based, completely transparent, and broadly applicable studies. In light of these recommendations, we call for a research standard and community of practice in the evaluation of technology use in the undergraduate life science classroom. We outline appropriate research methodology, review and critique the past research on technology usage and, lastly, suggest a new and improved focus for research on emerging technologies. PMID:23653777
Campbell, Chad E.; Nehm, Ross H.
The growing importance of genomics and bioinformatics methods and paradigms in biology has been accompanied by an explosion of new curricula and pedagogies. An important question to ask about these educational innovations is whether they are having a meaningful impact on students’ knowledge, attitudes, or skills. Although assessments are necessary tools for answering this question, their outputs are dependent on their quality. Our study 1) reviews the central importance of reliability and construct validity evidence in the development and evaluation of science assessments and 2) examines the extent to which published assessments in genomics and bioinformatics education (GBE) have been developed using such evidence. We identified 95 GBE articles (out of 226) that contained claims of knowledge increases, affective changes, or skill acquisition. We found that 1) the purpose of most of these studies was to assess summative learning gains associated with curricular change at the undergraduate level, and 2) a minority (<10%) of studies provided any reliability or validity evidence, and only one study out of the 95 sampled mentioned both validity and reliability. Our findings raise concerns about the quality of evidence derived from these instruments. We end with recommendations for improving assessment quality in GBE. PMID:24006400
Munoz, Marco A.
This paper explores Total Quality Management (TQM) as an organizational theory applied to educational administration of higher education. The first part of the paper describes the principles of TQM, and the second part considers TQM in higher education. The third section is a general conclusion that takes into consideration the leadership…
Miltner, Rebecca S; Patrician, Patricia A; Dawson, Martha; Jukkala, Angela
The Quality and Safety Education for Nursing initiative is aimed at developing student competences in quality and safety. Because practicing nurses have not been exposed to this initiative, nurse leaders must be aware of these competencies to develop these competencies in existing staff members. This article provides a roadmap to curriculum development in a nursing administration graduate program focused on quality and safety. PMID:22968121
Nicholl, Honor; Price, Jayne
Despite recent proliferation of palliative care services for children, and the fact that the needs of these children and their families are enshrined in current policy directives, the challenges of providing education for nurses within this area of practice is largely underexplored. This paper examines some of the key issues facing nurse educators who are involved in the delivery of palliative care content in undergraduate children's nursing programmes. Drawing on the extensive experiences of two nurse educators in children's palliative care education, research and practice, key issues which should be considered by those involved in curriculum development and delivery will be outlined. Such issues include ambiguity in terminology and resultant lack of conceptual clarity, the limited evidence base to underpin practice and education, the complexities of teaching sensitive topics to large groups and limited teaching expertise to deliver the content. Suggestions for addressing such issues will be outlined. PMID:22104955
Kreutzer, David W.; Wood, William C.
In 2006, "Business Week" issued a highly publicized ranking of undergraduate business schools (Lavelle, 2006). Although the ranking provided useful measures of quality, the high rank of some schools was partly due to the quality of incoming students and educational resources rather than the ability of the school to add value. In this article, the…
can demonstrate that they are meeting the relevant Expectation. Indicators are not designed to be used and practices to demonstrate that the Expectations in the Quality Code are being met. Each Indicator is numbered with examples of how the Indicator may be interpreted in practice. The General introduction3 to the Quality Code
they are meeting the relevant Expectation. Indicators are not designed to be used as a checklist; they are intended to demonstrate that the Expectations in the Quality Code are being met. Each Indicator is numbered and printed with examples of how the Indicator may be interpreted in practice. The General introduction3 to the Quality Code
Milliken, John; Colohan, Gerry
Over the past fifteen years the rationale, organisational infrastructure and delivery of social policy in Britain have undergone radical transformation. Whereas efficiency was the key word of the 1980s, quality was the touchstone of the 1990s and quality control with accountability has become the management philosophy of the new millennium.…
Rollins, Andrew M.
, and sleep disorders. Eligibility: Diverse Undergraduates, Medical Students. Website: http, typically sophomores and juniors, with majors in biology, chemistry, physics or related disciplines. Website
...Expansion Supplement Award to Nurse Education, Practice, Quality...Expansion Supplement Award to Nurse Education, Practice, Quality...Christi (TAMUCC), College of Nursing and Health Science (CONHS...Training into Academic Credit for Nursing Education Programs, and...
Reed, D. L.; Edwards, B. D.; Gibbons, H.
Ocean science education has the opportunity to span traditional academic disciplines and undergraduate curricula because of its interdisciplinary approach to address contemporary issues on a global scale. Here we report one such opportunity, which involves the development of a virtual oceanographic expedition to map the seafloor in the Arctic Ocean for use in the online Global Studies program at San Jose State University. The U.S. Extended Continental Shelf Project provides an extensive online resource to follow the activities of the third joint U.S. and Canada expedition in the Arctic Ocean, the 2010 Extended Continental Shelf survey, involving the icebreakers USCGC Healy and CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent. In the virtual expedition, students join the work of scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey and the Canadian Geological Survey by working through 21 linked web pages that combine text, audio, video, animations and graphics to first learn about the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Then, students gain insight into the complexity of science and policy interactions by relating the UNCLOS to issues in the Arctic Ocean, now increasingly accessible to exploration and development as a result of climate change. By participating on the virtual expedition, students learn the criteria contained in Article 76 of UNCLOS that are used to define the extended continental shelf and the scientific methods used to visualize the seafloor in three-dimensions. In addition to experiencing life at sea aboard a research vessel, at least virtually, students begin to interpret the meaning of seafloor features and the use of seafloor sediment samples to understand the application of ocean science to international issues, such as the implications of climate change, national sovereign rights as defined by the UNCLOS, and marine resources. The virtual expedition demonstrates that ocean science education can extend beyond traditional geoscience courses by taking advantage of emerging academic disciplines, contemporary global issues and new learning delivery systems.
Lowe, Donald R.; Nummedal, Dag
Progress is assessed within the following areas of geoscience education: undergraduate and graduate enrollments, continuing education activities, conferences, National Science Foundation programs, source- and textbook and other educational material publications, earth-science teaching at the precollege level, and marine education (geology of ocean…
Abstract Chinese students have been entering graduate engineering programs in the United States for over 25 years. However, until recently, Chinese undergraduate students have not been included in this trend. Chinese undergraduate students are now transferring into Engineering Technology programs,in the United States. This paper reports on the performance,of the students in technical courses and the challenges they face during
Richardson, Jeffrey J.; Adamo-Villani, Nicoletta
Laboratory instruction is a major component of the engineering and technology undergraduate curricula. Traditional laboratory instruction is hampered by several factors including limited access to resources by students and high laboratory maintenance cost. A photorealistic 3D computer-simulated laboratory for undergraduate instruction in…
Jorge Solis; Ryu Nakadate; Tetsuro Yamamoto; Atsuo Takanishi
The rapidly increase of personal robotic platforms and their applications in Japan represents a great challenge for universities to introduce undergraduate students the basic knowledge required to develop intelligent automated mechanisms. For this purpose; in this paper, we are presenting our approach to introduce first year undergraduate students of the Department of Modern Mechanical Engineering the basics of robotics systems.
Kinkel, Doreen H.; Henke, Scott E.
An undergraduate research mentoring program (URMP), initiated at Texas A&M University-Kingsville, was developed (1) to aid undergraduate wildlife students in the design, conduct, and analysis of original research projects; and (2) to encourage students to become effective written and oral communicators by preparing a manuscript of their research…
Spanbauer, Stanley J.; Hillman, Jo
This book provides a case study of the implementation of a quality improvement model to improve educational services at Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC), in Appleton, Wisconsin. Chapter 1 describes the early stages of the implementation of the quality processes at FVTC. Chapter 2 discusses the role of the chief administrator as mentor and…
The move to electronic forms of communication has changed the way educational research is communicated. In particular, it has led to an increased reliance on journals. This change has been more precipitous than one might expect. As journals become a larger proportion of the body of current scholarship, authors and readers seek new methods of…
The move to electronic forms of communication has changed the way educational research is communicated. In particular it has led to an increased reliance on journals. This change has been more precipitous than one might expect. As journals become a larger proportion of the body of current scholarship, authors and readers seek new methods of…
and systematic quality management system is characteristic for education and training at Potsdam the quality management system is undergoing institutional evaluation: the German "System of the university's quality assurance system. At the same time the faculties are accountable
This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…
Sullivan, Michael F.
This document consists largely of paper versions of the transparencies used by the author to give his conference paper on Total Quality Management (TQM) in the college and university setting. An introduction lists a series of definitional phrases, a list of what TQM is not, and 11 fundamental principles describing what TQM is. The three major…
Astin, Alexander W.; And Others
The texts of three conference papers are presented in this volume. The papers are: Student-Oriented Management: A Proposal for Change (Alexander W. Astin); Goals, Outcomes, and Academic Evaluation (Howard R. Bowen); and A Summary of the 1978 COPA Summer Conference (Charles M. Chambers). The first addresses the definition of quality in…
There is a strong international interest in the enhancement of teaching quality. Enhancement is a big job because teaching is an extensive activity. It is a complex job because learning to teach is not, mainly, a formal process: non-formal, practice-based learning is more significant. These two points, extensiveness and practice-based learning,…
Stuhlman, Megan W.; Pianta, Robert C.
In the present study, we present analyzed profiles of observed classroom experiences in terms of emotional and instructional dimensions of quality. Over 800 first-grade classrooms across the United States were included, selected by virtue of having a student participating in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's Study of…
Raupach, Tobias; Schiekirka, Sarah; Münscher, Christian; Beißbarth, Tim; Himmel, Wolfgang; Burckhardt, Gerhard; Pukrop, Tobias
Aims: Different approaches to performance-oriented allocation of resources according to teaching quality are currently being discussed within German medical schools. The implementation of these programmes is impeded by a lack of valid criteria to measure teaching quality. An assessment of teaching quality should include structural and procedural aspects but focus on learning outcome itself. The aim of this study was to implement a novel, outcome-based evaluation tool within the clinical phase of a medical curriculum and address differences between the novel tool and traditional evaluation methods. Methods: Student self-assessments before and after completion of a teaching module were used to compute performance gains for specific learning objectives. Mean performance gains in each module were compared to student expectations before the module and data derived from a traditional evaluation tool using overall course ratings at the end of the module. Results: A ranking of the 21 modules according to computed performance gains yielded entirely different results than module rankings based on overall course ratings. There was no significant correlation between performance gain and overall ratings. However, the latter were significantly correlated to student expectations before entering the module as well as structural and procedural parameters (Pearson’s r 0.7-0.9). Conclusion: Performance gain computed from comparative self-assessments adds an important new dimension to course evaluation in medical education. In contrast to overall course ratings, the novel tool is less heavily confounded by construct-irrelevant factors. Thus, it appears to be more appropriate than overall course ratings in determining teaching quality and developing algorithms to guide performance-oriented resource allocation in medical education. PMID:22737199
Janosik, Steven M., Ed.; Creamer, Don G., Ed.; Alexander, M. David, Ed.
This monograph contains the invited papers of the major speakers at the Educational Policy Institute's Invitational Conference on Quality in Higher Education held at Oxford University, summer 2000. The purpose of the conference was to discuss how quality is being defined and measured in the context of higher education. The papers are: (1) "Quality…
Improving all aspects of the quality of education is dependent on preparing teachers to become critical citizens. The social reconstructionist approach to teacher education is essential to transforming an education system defined by inequity, issues of quality, and issues of access. How do pre-service teachers perceive the mission of quality…
When there is substantial variation in the quality of colleges and universities, estimating returns to higher education based on quantity of education alone can be misleading. This paper examines the relationship between returns to higher education and college quality in China. We find that returns to higher education vary significantly depending on school quality. In addition, we find that the
Aas, Gro Hanne; Askling, Berit; Dittrich, Karl; Froestad, Wenche; Haug, Peder; Lycke, Kirsten Hofgaard; Moitus, Sirpa; Pyykko, Riitta; Sorskar, Anne Karine
This report is a product of an European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (ENQA) Workshop "Assessing educational quality: Knowledge production and the role of experts" hosted by the Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education (NOKUT) in Oslo in February, 2008. The workshop gathered representatives from higher education…
al-Muslim, M.; Arifin, Zamri
Evaluation of the quality of Arabic education in Malaysia needs to be conducted on a continuous basis to achieve the objectives of Arabic education. Student Evaluation of Education Quality (SEEQ) was proposed as one of the evaluation instruments of the quality of Arabic education. This study aimed to evaluate the usability of SEEQ in the context…
Yihuan Zou; Xiangyun Du; Palle Rasmussen
Based on a study of Chinese university self-evaluation reports, this paper argues that higher education institutions are trying to manage the tensions between educational and organisational quality and the increasing and worldwide concerns about quality assurance. After 30 years of dramatic educational reform, China has established a nationwide evaluation system for assessing its higher education institutions. This comprehensive system includes
Assistant Dean | MD Undergraduate Education, Student Affairs, Northern Medical Program The UBC MD Undergraduate Program is delivered across four academic campuses and over 15 clinical academic campuses across the
Northern British Columbia, University of
Assistant Dean | MD Undergraduate Education, Student Affairs, Northern Medical Program The UBC MD the province. Currently there are 32 students in each class in the Northern Medical Program (NMP) in Prince George with a total of 128 students. The Island Medical Program (IMP) in Victoria also has a total
In the coming period, the main task for China's higher education system is to improve the quality of education, and the key to improving the quality of education is to improve the quality of teaching. Teaching evaluations are a critical measure for improving the quality of teaching. The work of evaluating teaching at institutions of higher…
Karavasilis, Ioannis; Samoladas, Ioannis; Nedos, Apostolos
Nowadays the education system in Greece moves towards democratization and decentralization. School unit is the cell and the base of the education system. Principal's role is highly demanding, multi-dimensional, and a critical determinant of school performance and effectiveness. The paper proposes an effective organizational plan of school units in Primary Education based on basic administration processes and Total Quality Management. Using theory of emotional intelligence and Blake-Mouton's grid it emphasizes the impact of Principal's leadership on democratizing the school unit, on creating a safe and secure environment and positive school climate and motivating teachers committee to participate in the decision making process.
Keshavarz, Mohsen; Vaziri, Seyed Ali; Jafari, Ahmad; Alizadeh, Hadi
The main aim of this article is to review between students' learning environment and education quality. A non-experimental, quantitative, SPSS 17.0 research design was used to explore the relationship between background demographic characteristics, transformational, and transactional leadership styles, learning environment, and education…
Cummings, William K.; Bain, Olga
The degree of equality in the delivery of education is an important dimension of variation. Some nations believe that the provision of a highly stratified system enhances quality, at least for the minority who are able to gain entry to the elite academic stream. In contrast, other nations prefer a more egalitarian approach to education where all…
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a personal perspective, of a contributor and Guest Editor, on the impact of "Education + Training" on promoting quality research and dissemination in the area of vocational education and training (VET) in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It has been written specifically to commemorate the…
Jacobson, Stephen; Walline, James
In this paper we review the evolution of the Quality Educator Program (QEP), a program sponsored by the United Auto Workers (UAW)/General Motors (GM) that employs school teachers, administrators, and college and university faculty each summer in GM assembly plants. The QEP provides educators and those in industry the unique opportunity to interact…
This paper presents the findings and implications of a qualitative study conducted in Guatemala, which focused on rural, indigenous parents' perceptions of their children's schooling and educational quality. For these parents, the simple fact that their children had improved access to school signifies a satisfactory educational…
Joseph A. Near (Indiana University School of Medicine Medical Sciences)
The topic of psychoactive drugs is one of inherent interest to college students. We used this insight to design and implement a multidisciplinary undergraduate course with psychoactive drugs as the central theme.
Shaw, Malcolm, Ed.; Roper, Eric, Ed.
The 38 conference papers in this volume were chosen to exemplify different definitions of, and approaches to, quality, as they are applied in a wide range of educational and training contexts. The papers are: "Designing Organisations That Learn" (D. J. Dicks); "Quality Assurance in a European Context" (D. Alexander, J. Morgan); "'What's in It for…
Sterian, Paul Enache
This paper offers a broad look at accreditation and quality assurance in higher education and how these issues are addressed around the world. Section 1 is an overview of accreditation and addresses the aims and objectives of accreditation, standards, accreditation bodies, stages of the accreditation process, the quality of that process, the role…
UNDERGRADUATE NURSING EDUCATION TO ADDRESS PATIENTS’ CONCERNS ABOUT SEXUAL HEALTH: THE PERCEIVED LEARNING NEEDS OF SENIOR TRADITIONAL FOUR-YEAR AND TWO-YEAR RECURRENT EDUCATION (RN-BSN) UNDERGRADUATE NURSING STUDENTS IN TAIWAN
TSAI, LI-YA; HUANG, CHENG-YI; SHIH, FEN-FEN; LI, CHI-RONG; LAI, TE-JEN
ABSTRACT The aims of this study were to identify learning needs among traditional four-year and two-year recurrent education (RN-BSN) undergraduate nursing students in Taiwan with regard to patients’ concerns about sexual health. A 24-item instrument (Learning Needs for Addressing Patients’ Sexual Health Concerns) was used to collect data. Compared to RN-BSN undergraduate nursing students, traditional four-year undergraduate nursing students had more learning needs in the aspects of sexuality in health and illness (2.19 ± 0.66 vs. 1.80 ± 0.89, P = 0.005) and approaches to sexual health care (2.03 ± 0.72 vs. 1.76 ± 0.86, P = 0.033). After adjustment for other variables by the backward selection approach, those with experience in assessing patient’s sexual functioning had fewer learning needs in sexuality in health and illness (? = –0.375, P = 0.001), communication about patient’s intimate relationships (? = –0.242, P = 0.031), and approaches to sexual health care (? = –0.288, P = 0.013); those who agreed that sexual health care was a nursing role also expressed greater needs to learn about these 3 aspects (all P < 0.01). Content related to sexuality in health and illness and approaches to sexual health care should be strengthened in the traditional undergraduate nursing curriculum in order to support sexual health related competence, build a positive attitude regarding sexual health care as a nursing role, and strengthen the experience of assessing patient’s sexual functioning. A different, simplified program may be more suitable for those with clinical experience. PMID:25741036
Hoorman, James J.
There is a renewed interest in educating youth, Master Gardeners, and agricultural producers about soil quality. Three soil demonstrations show how soil organic matter increases water holding capacity, improves soil structure, and increases nutrient retention. Exercise one uses clay bricks and sponges to represent mineral soils and soil organic…
Bhengu, Theo; Cele, Nhlanhla; Menon, Kirti
Value for money as one of the principles of quality assurance in education has often been perceived and significantly misconstrued as placing emphasis on financial efficiency. This mechanistic view of "value for money" in South Africa has been given impetus by what Melck (2001) calls managerial practices and what Cele and Menon (2006) call a…
Mahapatra, S. S.; Khan, M. S.
In this paper, an attempt has been made to propose a measuring instrument known as EduQUAL for evaluation of quality in Technical Education System (TES). Factor analysis has been carried out on responses obtained through cross-sectional questionnaire survey on various items to validate dimensionality of the instrument and it is found that 28 items…
Hubbard, Dean L., Ed.
This book is a collection of case studies by 27 educational and industrial leaders describing the implementation of specific Total Quality Management techniques which have demonstrated their value. Essays and their authors are as follows: "Process Improvements Using Team Environments" (Scot M. Faulkner); "Team Effectiveness" (Robert S. Winter);…
Davis, Judith A.
A plan was developed to assure equivalency of clinical education among the medical laboratory technician (MLT) programs affiliated with Sandhills Community College. The plan was designed by faculty to monitor the quality of clinical courses offered by the clinical affiliates. The major strategies were to develop competencies, slide/tape modules, a…
Nir, Adam E.; Kafle, Bhojraj Sharma
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide a preliminary analysis to evaluate the implications of political stability for educational quality, evident in the survival rate measure. Design/methodology/approach: Secondary analyses were conducted for data drawn from the Political Risk Service Report, the World Bank Report, the United Nations…
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Bilingual Bicultural Education.
This bilingual program quality review instrument is intended as a guide for school district personnel to design and improve bilingual education programs. It can be used for the following purposes: as an on-site review instrument to provide formative evaluation input about language-minority group programs; as a device for collecting information at…
Artushina, Irina; Troyan, Vladimir
This article describes the methodical problems of the ranking of Russian universities by the independent ranking agency RatER. The main features of this ranking system are public estimations of the quality of the higher education in Russia. The results of the sociological study were processed by the original statistical methods. The procedure…
Marsden, Elizabeth; Weston, Carrie
Government Ministers, health care professionals and sporting organisations throughout the UK are presently engaged in the promotion of extending the length of time each school child spends participating in quality physical education. Agendas may differ from a crackdown on obesity and sedentary lifestyles to basking in reflected glory of British…
Ay?e Aytac; Veli Deniz
The curriculum of the Tyre Technology Department at the Kocaeli University Köseköy Vocational School of Higher Education (KU-KVSHE) has been reviewed by using the quality function deployment (QFD) technique. The principal stakeholders for this review were identified as the local tyre companies and the department’s lecturers. The stakeholders’ expectations from the graduates of the department were determined by direct interviews
Eerola, Päivi-Sisko; Eerola, Tuomas
The claim of whether music education can create social benefits in the school environment was tested in 10 Finnish schools with an extended music curricular class and control classes. The quality of school life (QSL) was assessed by a representative sample ("N" = 735) of pupils at years 3 and 6 (9- and 12-years-olds). The results showed…
Russian Education and Society, 2007
This article presents excerpts from a debate on the report by Professor A.S. Zapesotskii, the rector of the St. Petersburg Trade Unions University of the Humanities, titled "Ensuring the Quality of Higher Humanities Education." Participants in the debate were as follows: (1)Antonina Pavlovna Beliaeva, a doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor,…
Ron Oliver; A. Ellis; D. Newton
This paper discusses the major issues confronting the successful adoption and sustained use of online learning in higher education within the Australian context. The paper argues that four main issues which universities must deal with to achieve maximum potential from online learning technologies are: the establishment of cost-effective practices; the achievement and maintenance of quality in online learning delivery; ensuring
Claus, Edna Q.; Dooley, Kim E.
With the increase use of the Internet, distance education will continue to provide a vehicle for instruction and/or training. Traditional methods for measuring quality instruction and training may need to be reviewed for their applicability and use with current technological methods of instructional delivery. This paper reviews literature on the…
Issues that affect the use of performance indicators in managing educational quality are discussed in this paper. Recent changes in public-sector organizational management include the development of strategies for the management of change itself and the changing role of the public sector. A trend within the public sector is an increase in the…
This manuscript attempts to unpack a number of issues around the phrase "quality research in physical education and sport pedagogy". The following questions serve as the frame for discussion: What is the purpose of research? What is good research and who says it is good? What do we hope to accomplish with research? Who do we serve with our…
Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.
As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SWF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Pennsylvania Educational Quality Assessment Attitude Toward School instrument was administered in grades 4-6. With over 20,000 grade 5 pupils, this instrument had shown a…
Saurbier, Ann L.
American post-secondary education faces unprecedented challenges in the dynamic 21st century environment. An appreciation of the higher education accreditation process, as a quality control mechanism, therefore may be seen as a significant priority. When American higher education is viewed systemically, the perceptions of quality held and…
The research described here investigated the quality and characteristics of peer feedback given on a draft piece of writing in the context of an undergraduate summative assignment. It also investigated whether the recipients made use of the feedback, with the aim of discovering whether some types of feedback were used in preference to others. The…
The implementation of sustainable development in higher education is a global trend. Engineers, as gatekeepers of technological innovation, confront increasingly complex world issues ranging from economic and social to political and environmental. Recently, a multitude of government reports have argued that solving such complex problems requires changes in the pedagogy of engineering education, such as that prescribed by the Science, Technology, Society, and education (STS) movement that grew out of the environmental movement in the 70s. In STS students are engaged in the community by understanding that scientific progress is innately a sociopolitical process that involves dimensions of power, wealth and responsibility. United States accreditation criteria now demand "the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context" (ABET Engineering Accreditation Commission 2005). With such emphasis on STS education as necessary to address complex world issues, it is vital to assess the barriers in the traditional engineering curriculum that may inhibit the success of such educational reform. This study identifies barriers to STS goals and pedagogy in post secondary science education by using the Francis College of Engineering at UMASS Lowell as a single case study. The study draws on existing literature to develop a theoretical framework for assessing four hypothesized barriers to STS education in undergraduate engineering. Identification of barriers to STS education in engineering generates a critical reflection of post secondary science education and its role in preparing engineers to be active citizens in shaping a rapidly globalizing world. The study offers policy recommendations for enabling post secondary science education to incorporate STS education into its curriculum.
Aydeniz, Mehmet; Yeter-Aydeniz, Kubra
In this study we challenged 18 undergraduate physics students to develop four written scientific arguments across four physics labs: 1) gravity-driven acceleration, 2) conservation of mechanical energy, 3) conservation of linear momentum and 4) boyle's law, in a mechanics and thermodynamics laboratory course. We evaluated quality of the written scientific arguments developed by the participants using the Claim, Evidence, Reasoning and Rebuttal (CERR) rubric. The results indicate that while students developed adequate scientific explanations that summarized the findings of their experiments, they experienced unique difficulties in using a persuasive and critical discourse in their written arguments. Students experienced the most difficulty in considering alternative explanations in formulating their written scientific arguments. We elaborate on the implications of these findings for teaching physics laboratories and assessing students' learning in physics laboratories. We especially focus on the importance of framing in helping students to appropriate the epistemic norms of science in writing scientific arguments.
Tol, Azar; Tavassoli, Elaheh; Shariferad, Gholam Reza; Shojaeezadeh, Davoud
Background: Health promoting lifestyle (HPL) focuses on life promotion through lifestyle which consists of six aspects of “physical activity”, “nutrition”, “health responsibility”, “spiritual growth”, “interpersonal relations” and “stress management”. This lifestyle promotes health and welfare and induces satisfaction, self-persuasion and self-improvement. Considering the importance of the way a new behavior affects “life quality” as a motivational factor for starting and continuing that behavior, this study aimed to determine the relationship between health-promoting lifestyle and its aspects. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on undergraduate students at School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, using a census method. Health promoting lifestyle was measured by Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile two and life quality was assessed by the Persian version of QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive and inferential statistical tests in SPSS. Results: Mean age of the participants was 21.12 years old. From among six aspects of health promoting behaviors, spiritual growth and responsibility with the means of 22.01 ± 2.224 and 20 ± 2.31 had the highest and physical activity with the mean of 17.58 ± 2.9 had the lowest scores, respectively. General life quality of 40.7% students was good and only 19.8% of them had an average global life quality. The highest and lowest frequencies of health-related life quality belonged to very good (58.6%) and excellent (9%) health, respectively. Except for stress management (P = 0.05) and gender of the students, there were no significant relationships between other HPL aspects and gender. There was no statistically significant relationship between global life quality of students and nutrition, physical activity, self-health responsibility and stress management while there was a significant relationship between global life quality and spiritual growth of the students. Health-related life quality and stress management were significantly related to each other; however, no statistically significant relationship was observed between health-related life quality and nutrition, physical activity, interpersonal relations and spiritual growth. Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between adopting health promoting lifestyle and aspects of spiritual growth and stress management on the one hand and general quality of life on the other, at least among students. PMID:24083261
Murray, Marry Ellen; Douglas, Stephen; Girdley, Diana; Jarzemsky, Paula
Practicing nurses are required to engage in quality improvement work as a part of their clinical practice, but few undergraduate nursing education programs offer course work and applied experience in this area. This article presents a description of class content and teaching strategies, assignments, and evaluation strategies designed to achieve the Quality and Safety Education in Nursing competencies related to quality improvement and interdisciplinary teams. Students demonstrate their application of the quality improvement process by designing and implementing a small-scale quality improvement project that they report in storyboard format on a virtual conference Web site. PMID:20438027
and submitting papers to FAU's undergraduate research journal, and other professional venues. Shift departme is designed to improve undergraduate learning by expanding a culture of undergraduate research and inquiry both in written and oral format to the geography faculty. http://www.geosciences.fau.edu/programs/undergrad
The article considers contemporary technologies to improve the quality of teachers' education (as exemplified by the training of foreign language teachers). The author presents analysis of the "quality of education" concept, proposes and analyzes the criteria for assessing the quality of education of future foreign language teachers.…
Brundrett, Mark; Rhodes, Christopher
"Leadership for Quality and Accountability in Education" addresses the interconnected issues of quality and accountability in the education system and provides a coherent framework within which these issues can be analysed. The authors outline the significance of promoting quality in all educational establishments and go on to discuss "why"…
As the demands for public accountability increase for higher education, institutions must demonstrate quality within programs and processes, including those provided through online education. While quality may be elusive to specifically quantify, there have been several recommendations for identifying and defining quality online education that…
Internationally, demands for greater certainty over the quality of higher education are multiplying. This article argues that convention theory offers insights for considering quality in higher education in an increasingly market-based system. Examples from the Australian higher education system are used to show how quality conventions can be…
Purpose: This paper aims to investigate whether educational leadership in Greece implements the values of total quality management and contributes to the improvement of the educational process, and to offer proposals for a framework of total quality management that would contribute to an improvement in the overall quality of the education process.…
Spaull, Nicholas; Taylor, Stephen
The aim of the current study is to create a composite statistic of educational quantity and educational quality by combining household data (Demographic and Health Survey) on grade completion and survey data (Southern and Eastern African Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality) on cognitive outcomes for 11 African countries: Kenya, Lesotho,…
Zou, Yihuan; Du, Xiangyun; Rasmussen, Palle
Based on a study of Chinese university self-evaluation reports, this paper argues that higher education institutions are trying to manage the tensions between educational and organisational quality and the increasing and worldwide concerns about quality assurance. After 30 years of dramatic educational reform, China has established a nationwide…
Mncube, Vusi; Harber, Clive
An interview-based qualitative study was undertaken to explore the experiences and practices of educators in providing democratic schooling as a way of delivering quality education for learners in schools. The exploration looked at educators' understandings of the concept of democracy in schools, their understanding of the concept quality…
Bonstingl, John Jay
This book offers an introduction to the basic ideas of Total Quality Management (TQM) in education. Chapter 1 contrasts the American model of the bell-shaped curve with the Japanese concept of "kaizen," which is personal dedication to mutual improvement and the heart of TQM philosophy. Chapter 2 provides an overview of the history of the TQ…