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1

Science Sampler : Thinking about students' questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Asking questions is a vital component in any classroom, but it is absolutely essential in a science classroom. As science teachers, we know that questioning plays a major role in the inquiry process and has a positive impact on students' learning. This article discusses the importance of questioning skills and current research on questioning techniques. In addition, this article will present a series of lessons that were implemented by the author to improve the questioning abilities of middle school students.

Turner, Jaclyn

2006-01-01

2

Science Sampler: Mail time! Addressing student questions in science class  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How can you encourage students to question and explore their day-to-day encounters with science and still get through the curriculum for the year? At a local hardware store--you'll discover the solution--a big metal mailbox. It has all the trimmings: a flip door, a red flag on the side, even the approval of the Postmaster General. This is the birth of the mailbox question. This strategy is sure to "deliver" inquiry based learning into your science curriculum.

Simms-Smith, Amos; Sterling, Donna R.

2006-12-01

3

Questions That Science Teachers Find Difficult (II).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents some questions that science teachers find difficult. Focuses on three further questions relating to "simple" everyday situations that are normally explained in terms of the kinetic theory of matter. Identifies looking at the difference between chemical and physical changes as the most problematic question. (Author/YDS)

Goodwin, Alan

2003-01-01

4

Questioning Profiles in Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we are concerned with the role of both teachers and students' questioning in classroom interaction. Bearing in mind that the current guidelines point out to student centred teaching, our aim is to analyse and characterise the questioning patterns of contemporary secondary science classes and compare them to the questioning profiles…

Almeida, Patricia; de Souza, Francisle Neri

2010-01-01

5

Meiosis Study Questions General Biology 2  

E-print Network

Meiosis Study Questions General Biology 2 1. Does meiosis generate new alleles? Explain. 2. What are the two main functional outcomes of meiosis in terms of the genetics of the final daughter cells? 3. What are the two mechanisms whereby meiosis creates genetic groupings that were different from those inherited from

Prestwich, Ken

6

Questions and Problems in Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This folio of test items, contributed by a number of colleges and universities from their course, placement, entrance, or other institutional examinations, was compiled to aid teachers in constructing tests. Only those science courses offered in the first two years of college are represented by the scope of the items. The test items may also serve…

Dressel, Paul L.; Nelson, Clarence H.

7

Faculty of Science General Science  

E-print Network

, chemistry and biochemistry, computer science, earth and environmental sciences, mathematics, physics Science degree, then add specialized technical lab skills with a one- or two-year college program. #12-year, general degree in science can fulfill requirements to proceed to further professional training in health

8

Science Fiction and the Big Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Advocates of space science promote investment in science education and the development of new technologies necessary for space travel. Success in these areas requires an increase of interest and support among the general public. What role can entertainment media play in inspiring the public ­ especially young people ­ to support the development of space science? Such inspiration is badly needed. Science education and funding in the United States are in a state of crisis. This bleak situation exists during a boom in the popularity of science-oriented television shows and science fiction movies. This paper draws on interviews with professionals in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, as well as students interested in those fields. The interviewees were asked about their lifelong media-viewing habits. Analysis of these interviews, along with examples from popular culture, suggests that science fiction can be a valuable tool for space advocates. Specifically, the aspects of character, story, and special effects can provide viewers with inspiration and a sense of wonder regarding space science and the prospect of long-term human space exploration.

O'Keefe, M.

9

Questioning behaviour in general practice: a pragmatic study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To study the extent to which general practitioners' questioning behaviour in routine practice is likely to encourage the adoption of evidence based medicine. DESIGN: Self recording of questions by doctors during consultations immediately followed by semistructured interview. SETTING: Urban Australian general practice. SUBJECTS: Random sample of 27 general practitioners followed over a half day of consultations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rate of recording of clinical questions about patients' care which doctors would like answered; frequency with which doctors found answers to their questions. RESULTS: Doctors asked a total of 85 clinical questions, at a rate of 2.4 for every 10 patients seen. They found satisfactory answers to 67 (79%) of these questions. Doctors who worked in small practices (of one or two doctors) had a significantly lower rate of questioning than did those in larger practices (1.6 questions per 10 patients v 3.0 patients, P = 0.049). No other factors were significantly related to rate of questioning. CONCLUSIONS: These results do not support the view that doctors routinely generate a large number of unanswered clinical questions. It may be necessary to promote questioning behaviour in routine practice if evidence based medicine and other forms of self directed learning are to be successfully introduced. PMID:9420495

Barrie, A. R.; Ward, A. M.

1997-01-01

10

The effects on interest, instruction, and achievement on the science question level of middle school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effects of instruction in writing researchable questions, science topic interest, and achievement (science, reading, and mathematics) on science question level in seventh grade students were investigated experimentally. The hypotheses were: students instructed in researchable questioning in science would outperform students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; students interested in science topics would score higher on a measure of science question level, than when they are not interested; and high achieving students in mathematics, reading or science would outperform students who are not high achievers on a measure of science question level. Eight classes of normally achieving seventh graders (n = 106 students), from a middle school in west central Florida, were randomly assigned to two treatments. One group received instruction in writing researchable questions in science, the other group did not receive instruction. Each student in each of the eight classes completed "The Middle School Students' Science Topic Interest Rating Scale", developed for this study (test-retest reliability, rsbs =.84), rating each of the thirteen topics from one to three. All students selected two topics in which they were least interested, and two topics in which they were most interested. They then wrote researchable questions for each topic. All students took the Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) in reading, mathematics and science. The questions were rated using the four levels described by "The Middle School Students' Science Question Rating Scale", developed for this study (inter-rater reliability, rsbs =.96). The scores for each question were averaged for two raters then summed for each interest level for each student The means and standard deviations were computed for questions generated at a low level of interest, questions generated at a high level of interest, reading SAT scores, mathematics SAT scores, and science SAT scores. The data were analyzed for main effects and interaction effects using general linear modeling procedures. The variable modeled was question level. There was one within subjects factor, science topic interest, and four between subjects factors: instruction, science achievement, mathematics achievement and reading achievement. The results, consistent with the hypotheses, indicate that students who received instruction in researchable questioning outperformed those students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; when students were interested in a science topic their question level was significantly higher than when they were not interested; and students who were high achievers in mathematics, reading or science outperformed those students who were not high achievers on a measure of science question level.

Cuccio Schirripa, Santine

11

Questioning ‘Open questioning’ in early years science discourse from a social semiotic perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Received wisdom in Primary science classroom teaching advocates the use of open questions for elicitation. The socio-cultural perspective on discourse, however, leads one to question the usual classification of questioning by its grammatical formality and leads instead to an analysis of the discourse in the socio-cultural context which includes the background of the children. In this paper we develop this

Diane Harris; Julian Williams

2007-01-01

12

Questioning "Open Questioning" in Early Years Science Discourse from a Social Semiotic Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Received wisdom in Primary science classroom teaching advocates the use of open questions for elicitation. The socio-cultural perspective on discourse, however, leads one to question the usual classification of questioning by its grammatical formality and leads instead to an analysis of the discourse in the socio-cultural context which includes…

Harris, Diane; Williams, Julian

2007-01-01

13

Classroom questioning strategies as indicators of inquiry based science instruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Inquiry teaching often rests upon the assumption that through the use of questioning and response strategies, teachers can stimulate students to actively construct knowledge. Based on this hypothesis, middle-school science lessons were observed and questioning and response strategies were identified that are related to inquiry-based instruction. Twenty-four science lessons were observed, videotaped, and ranked by inquiry characteristics other than questioning strategy. The video and audio portions of the recordings were analyzed to determine the student and teacher's questioning and response strategies in each classroom. These strategies were then compared to teaching style, along a continuum from traditional to inquiry, to identify questioning and response strategies that stimulate students to ask questions, solve problems, analyze evidence, consider alternative explanations, and other similar inquiry behaviors. The analyses indicated several questioning strategies of teachers that are related to inquiry teaching and learning and might be used as indicators of inquiry teaching in middle school science lessons. These include the number of content-related questions asked by teachers, the number of divergent questions asked by teachers, the number of times teachers probe for the intended response, the number of times teachers answer students' questions, and the number questions per concept asked by teachers. Perhaps more important was the observation that even after several decades of emphasizing the importance of inquiry methods in science education, neither students nor teachers participating in this study are asking higher-level cognitive questions deemed to be an important facet in the effective teaching and learning of science.

Goossen, Linda Hale

14

Students' questions: a potential resource for teaching and learning science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students' questions play an important role in meaningful learning and scientific inquiry. They are a potential resource for both teaching and learning science. Despite the capacity of students' questions for enhancing learning, much of this potential still remains untapped. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to examine and review the existing research on students' questions and to explore ways

Christine Chin; Jonathan Osborne

2008-01-01

15

The Priority of the Question: Focus Questions for Sustained Reasoning in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science education standards place a high priority on promoting the skills and dispositions associated with inquiry at all levels of learning. Yet, the questions teachers employ to foster sustained reasoning are most likely borrowed from a textbook, lab manual, or worksheet. Such generic questions generated for a mass audience, lack authenticity…

Lustick, David

2010-01-01

16

Where can I get help with science questions?  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

Please submit your science questions directly to the NASA Langley Atmospheric Science Data Center's (ASDC's) User Services. They will forward them to the ... data sets. Since the ERBE project has officially ended, the science support is very limited and depends on the availability of our ...

2014-12-08

17

Power Dynamics and Questioning in Elementary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe the dynamic discourse interactions between a teacher and her students in a third-grade science classroom. We focused on how the teacher and students initiate, prompt, respond, and provide feedback; use questioning and power strategies; and how questions are associated with power dynamics. We relate the consequences of teacher use of…

Reinsvold, Lori A.; Cochran, Kathryn F.

2012-01-01

18

Science Bowl and Challenge Sample Questions (Grades 1 8)  

E-print Network

Science Bowl and Challenge Sample Questions (Grades 1 ­ 8) 1. A meter is a unit of (a) length (b) f, lead, uranium (6) hydrogen, helium, oxygen, uranium, lead #12;Physics Bowl and Challenge Sample Questions (Grades 9 ­ 12) 1. The world's record for the highest temperature superconductor is - (a) 139

Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

19

Using "What If.." Questions to Teach Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the widening knowledge base students will need to be more flexible in their learning habits. Traditionally, teaching school science often involves teacher-centred methods like lectures, experimental demonstration or guided inquiry. Plain knowledge dissemination will not adequately prepare students to cope with the changing world. Hence,…

Tan, Kok Siang

2007-01-01

20

Open Questions in Science Education. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ERIC Digest points out gaps in the educational reform process that educational researchers experience. An overview of known and unknown facts of reform with the vision of the National Science Education is presented. Characteristics of needed research are also explained. (YDS)

Anderson, Ronald D.; Helms, Jenifer V.

21

Science questions for the Magellan continuing mission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Magellan has completed two mapping cycles around the planet Venus, returning high resolution synthetic aperture images and altimetry data of over 95 percent of the planet's surface. Venus is dominated by low lying volcanic plains with an impact crater population indicating an average surface age of about 500 million years. Highland regions either tend to be characterized by volcanic shield complexes and rifting or by complex ridged terrain. Successful as the primary mission of Magellan has been, significant scientific questions remain to be addressed with imaging and gravity data that will be collected over the next several years.

Saunders, R. S.; Stofan, E. R.

1992-01-01

22

Forensic Science Methods Called Into Question by National Academies Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Study Calls for Oversight of Forensics in Crime Labs http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/19/us/19forensics.htmlCall For Forensics Overhaul Linked to 'CSI' Effecthttp://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=100831831Forensics under the microscopehttp://www.chicagotribune.com/news/specials/chi-forensics-specialpackage,0,4244313.specialStrengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forwardhttp://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=12589#tocForensic Magazinehttp://www.forensicmag.com/DNA Forensics [Flash Player, pdf]http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/forensics.shtmlU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Forensics Laboratory [pdf, Flash Player]http://www.lab.fws.gov/The average person watching any number of procedural crime television shows might be forgiven if he or she believed that every piece of carpet fiber or DNA can lead to a "case closed" finale. In real life, forensic science isn't nearly as infallible as it appears on television, and that is something that has troubled many at the National Academy of Sciences. In a report released this Wednesday, the National Academy of Sciences research team found that in 2005 there was a backlog of 359,000 requests for forensic analysis and that 80 percent of all crime laboratories are understaffed. The report went on to call into question the scientific merit of practically every commonly used forensic method of analysis, including the analysis of ballistics, arson, hair, and fingerprints. The team of scholars who wrote the report also recommended that the United States should standardize forensic tests and assume responsibility for the certification of forensic experts. These findings have garnered attention from the general public, the law enforcement community, and elected officials such as Senator Patrick Leahy (D) of Vermont. In a recent interview with the New York Times, Leahy commented, "I am troubled by the report's general finding that far too many forensic disciplines lack the standards necessary to ensure their scientific reliability in court."The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this Wednesday, which talks a bit about this recent report. The second link leads to an audio piece from National Public Radio about the report and how it might transform forensic science. Moving on, the third link leads to a very fine set of investigative articles on forensic science from the Chicago Tribune. The fourth link will whisk users away to the full-text of the Academies' recent report on the state of forensic science. The fifth link leads to the homepage of Forensic Science magazine. Here, visitors can learn more about the field and read articles from current and past editions of the publication. The sixth link leads to a set of resources on DNA forensic analysis offered by the Human Genome Project. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Forensics Laboratory, which is "the only lab in the world dedicated to crimes against wildlife."

Grinnell, Max

2009-02-20

23

General Studies: College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

General Studies: Science College of Arts and Sciences Degree Options Bachelor of Science Basic Medical Sciences General Studies--Biological Sciences General Studies--Mathematics General Studies Pre-Vet Club (AKA Organization of Future Veterinarians) Keys to Degree · General studies degrees

Collins, Gary S.

24

Ocean and Plume Science Management Uncertainties, Questions and Potential Actions  

E-print Network

Ocean and Plume Science Management Uncertainties, Questions and Potential Actions (Work Group draft and near ocean ecosystem functions, processes and relationships been altered? (Need to address the temporal been altered due to man-induced influences.) Has estuary, plume and near ocean carrying capacity

25

Question Asking in the Science Classroom: Teacher Attitudes and Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the wide agreement among educators that classroom learning and teaching processes can gain much from student and teacher questions, their potential is not fully utilized. Adopting the view that reporting both teachers' (of varying age groups) views and actual classroom practices is necessary for obtaining a more complete view of the phenomena at hand, the present study closely examines both cognitive and affective domains of: (a) teachers' views (via interviews) concerning: (1) importance and roles of teacher and student questions, (2) teacher responses, and (3) planning and teacher training; and (b) teachers' actual practices (via classroom observations) concerning: (1) number and (2) level of teacher and student questions, as well as (3) teachers' responses to questions. The data were collected from 3 elementary, 3 middle, and 3 high school science teachers and their respective classroom students. The findings lay out a wide view of classroom questioning and teachers' responses, and relate what actually occurs in classes to teachers' stated views. Some of the study's main conclusions are that a gap exists between how science researchers and teachers view the role of teacher questions: the former highlight the cognitive domain, while the latter emphasize the affective domain.

Eshach, Haim; Dor-Ziderman, Yair; Yefroimsky, Yana

2013-06-01

26

Determining critical open science questions regarding biosphere-atmosphere interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measuring and Modeling at the Interface of Air Quality and Climate to Understand Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions; New Brunswick, New Jersey, 26-27 May 2011 The southeastern United States has not warmed like other U.S. regions in response to global climate change. This anomaly may be related to aerosols derived from biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) and the related aerosol direct and indirect radiative effects. To understand the causal relationships that result in this trend, the scientific community must ask, What sources and processes control the fate of biogenic compounds in anthropogenically influenced environments? What are the climate-relevant properties and air quality impacts? Approximately 30 atmospheric scientists with experimental (field and laboratory) and modeling backgrounds met to discern the most critical open science questions regarding biosphere-atmosphere interactions. An objective of the meeting was to formulate targeted science questions and broadly discuss the tools, approaches, and measurements needed to answer them.

Carlton, Annmarie G.

2011-08-01

27

Planetary science questions for the manned exploration of Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A major goal of a manned Mars mission is to explore the planet and to investigate scientific questions for which the intensive study of Mars is essential. The systematic exploration of planets was outlined by the National Academy of Science. The nearest analogy to the manned Mars mission is the Apollo program and manned missions to the Moon, but the analogy is limited. The case is argued here that Mars may have to be explored far more systematically than was the pre-Apollo Moon to provide the detailed information necessary if plans are made to use any of the resources available on Mars. Viking missions provided a wealth of information, yet there are great gaps in the fundamental knowledge of essential facts such as the properties of the Martian surface materials and their interaction with the atmosphere. Building on a strong data base of precursor missions, human exploration will allow great leaps in understanding the Martian environment and geologic history and its evolutionary role in the solar system.

Blanchard, Douglas P.

1986-01-01

28

Answers to Science Questions From the Stop Faking It! Guy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This valuable and entertaining compendium of Bill Robertson's popular "Science 101" columns, from NSTA member journal Science and Children , proves you don't have to be a science geek to understand basic scientific concepts. The author of the best

William C. Robertson, Ph.D.

2009-09-15

29

Question 1 (15 Marks) Find the general solution of the following differential equations  

E-print Network

the flow of an electrical current I(t) in a simple series circuit, as shown in Figure 1. The resistor has LCR electrical circuit. Question 3 (10 Marks) Find the general solution of the differential equation d-spring system. #12;F1.2UE2 3 Question 6 (10 Marks) Consider the electrical circuit in figure 3. Kirchoff's loop

Malham, Simon J.A.

30

Analysis of Student Performance on Multiple-Choice Questions in General Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The percentage of students choosing the correct answer (PSCA) on 17 multiple-choice algorithmic questions taken from general chemistry exams is analyzed. PSCAs for these questions varied from 47 to 93%, and a decrease of 4.5% in PSCA was observed with each additional step in the algorithm required for solving the problem (R[superscript 2] = 0.80).…

Hartman, JudithAnn R.; Lin, Shirley

2011-01-01

31

Repetitions and Contrasts: Using Essential Questions to Frame Unit Plans in General Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, an approach to unit plans using essential questions is described within the context of general music education and illustrated in the unit "Repetition and Contrasts: Understanding Music Through Form." This unit is founded on the essential question: As musicians, how do we use form to organize and understand music?…

Scott, Sheila

2014-01-01

32

Political Science studies fundamental questions about how our society governs itself at a number  

E-print Network

Political Science studies fundamental questions about how our society governs itself at a number with a Political Science background. Among the most obvious jobs associated with Political Science are politicians degrees (Ph.D.) in Political Science. Of course, there are many graduates who do not gravitate

Seldin, Jonathan P.

33

Reply to “Comment on: ‘Questions concerning the generalized Hartman effect’ [Phys. Lett. A 375 (2011) 3259]”  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Some questions on the generalized Hartman effect presented by Kudaka and Matsumoto [S. Kudaka, S. Matsumoto, Phys. Lett. A 375 (2011) 3259] and a comment on them given by Milanovi? and Radovanovi? are discussed.

Kudaka, Shoju; Matsumoto, Shuichi

2012-03-01

34

Questions, Claims, and Evidence: The Important Place of Argument in Children's Science Writing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Questions, Claims, and Evidence presents a new approach to science teaching that engages students fully by linking literacy and inquiry. Step by step, Questions, Claims, and Evidence immerses students in scientific inquiry and writing. It transforms experiments from following directions and making notes into chances to pose and answer questions that interest students. But Questions, Claims, and Evidence doesn't only support student learning. It improves your science teaching by: � broadening your professional knowledge with the latest research and theory � providing self-evaluation tools for monitoring your performance � answering frequently asked questions about the Questions, Claims, and Evidence approach. Try something new that will motivate your students and improve their writing abilities. Read Questions, Claims, and Evidence , and don't be surprised if your students agree with this fifth grader's sentiment: "I love the way that we do science now because I learn more and I get to do more. I actually feel like I am smart."

2008-04-01

35

Opportunities and questions for the fundamental biological sciences in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the advent of sophisticated space facilities we discuss the overall nature of some biological questions that can be addressed. We point out the need for broad participation by the biological community, the necessary facilities, and some unique requirements.

Sharp, Joseph C.; Vernikos, Joan

1993-01-01

36

Developmental Systems Science: Exploring the Application of Systems Science Methods to Developmental Science Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developmental science theorists fully acknowledge the wide array of complex interactions among biology, behavior, and environment that together give rise to development. However, despite this conceptual understanding of development as a system, developmental science has not fully applied analytic methods commensurate with this systems perspective. This article provides a brief introduction to systems science, an approach to problem solving that

Jennifer Brown Urban; Nathaniel D. Osgood; Patricia L. Mabry

2011-01-01

37

Political Science studies fundamental questions about how our society governs itself at a number  

E-print Network

Political Science studies fundamental questions about how our society governs itself at a number what you can do with a Political Science background. Among the most obvious jobs associated with Political Science are politicians, government officials, bureaucrats, lawyers, journalists, city planners

Seldin, Jonathan P.

38

Political Science studies fundamental questions about how our society governs itself at a number  

E-print Network

Political Science studies fundamental questions about how our society governs itself at a number about what you can do with a Political Science background. Among the most obvious jobs associated with Political Science are politicians, government officials, bureaucrats, lawyers, journalists, city planners

Seldin, Jonathan P.

39

Interactions between Classroom Discourse, Teacher Questioning, and Student Cognitive Engagement in Middle School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom discourse can affect various aspects of student learning in science. The present study examines interactions between classroom discourse, specifically teacher questioning, and related student cognitive engagement in middle school science. Observations were conducted throughout the school year in 10 middle school science classrooms using…

Smart, Julie B.; Marshall, Jeff C.

2013-01-01

40

Interactions Between Classroom Discourse, Teacher Questioning, and Student Cognitive Engagement in Middle School Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Classroom discourse can affect various aspects of student learning in science. The present study examines interactions between classroom discourse, specifically teacher questioning, and related student cognitive engagement in middle school science. Observations were conducted throughout the school year in 10 middle school science classrooms using the Electronic Quality of Inquiry Protocol, which is designed, among other things, to measure observable aspects of student cognitive engagement and discourse factors during science instruction. Results from these observations indicate positive correlations between students' cognitive engagement and the following aspects of classroom discourse: questioning level, complexity of questions, questioning ecology, communication patterns, and classroom interactions. A sequential explanatory mixed-methods design provides a detailed look at each aspect of classroom discourse which showed a positive effect on student cognitive level during science instruction. Implications for classroom practice, teacher education, and professional development are discussed.

Smart, Julie B.; Marshall, Jeff C.

2013-03-01

41

General Science Curriculum Guide. Bulletin 1645.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, developed to establish statewide curriculum standards for the Louisiana Competency-based Education Program, contains the minimum competencies and process skills that should be included in a general science course. It consists of: (1) a rationale for an effective science program; (2) a list and description of four major goals…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Academic Programs.

42

Journalism, Political Science Classes Agree, Disagree on First Amendment Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey revealed initial similarities and eventual differences between journalism students and political science students concerning legal issues involving First Amendment rights after both groups had taken courses similar in content and focus. (RL)

Sewell, Michael

1980-01-01

43

SOFIA general investigator science program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SOFIA is a joint project between NASA and DLR, the German Aerospace Center, to provide the worldwide astronomical community with an observatory that offers unique capabilities from visible to far-infrared wavelengths. SOFIA consists of a 2.7-m telescope mounted in a highly modified Boeing 747-SP aircraft, a suite of instruments, and the scientific and operational infrastructure to support the observing program. This paper describes the current status of the observatory and details the General Investigator program. The observatory has recently completed major development activities, and it has transitioned into full operational status. Under the General Investigator program, astronomers submit proposals that are peer reviewed for observation on the facility. We describe the results from the first two cycles of the General Investigator program. We also describe some of the new observational capabilities that will be available for Cycle 3, which will begin in 2015.

Young, Erick T.; Andersson, B.-G.; Becklin, Eric E.; Reach, William T.; Sankrit, Ravi; Zinnecker, Hans; Krabbe, Alfred

2014-07-01

44

Multiple choice questions are superior to extended matching questions to identify medicine and biomedical sciences students who perform poorly.  

PubMed

In recent years, medical faculties at Dutch universities have implemented a legally binding study advice to students of medicine and biomedical sciences during their propaedeutic phase. Appropriate examination is essential to discriminate between poor (grade <6), moderate (grade 6-8) and excellent (grade ?8) students. Therefore, we compared the discriminatory properties of extended matching questions (EMQs) versus multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and identified the role of sex, age and examination preference on this score. Data were collected for 452 first-year medical and biomedical science students during three distinct course examinations: one examination with EMQ only, one with MCQ only and one mixed examination (including EMQ and MCQ). Logistic regression analysis revealed that MCQ examination was 3 times better in identifying poor students compared with EMQ (RR 3.0, CI 2.0-4.5), whereas EMQ better detected excellent students (average grade ?8) (RR 1.93, CI 1.47-2.53). Mixed examination had comparable characteristics to MCQ. Sex and examination preference did not impact the score of the student. Students ?20 years had a 4-fold higher risk ratio of obtaining a poor grade (<6) compared with students ?18 years old (RR 4.1, CI 2.1-8.0). Given the strong discriminative capacity of MCQ examinations to identify poor students, we recommend the use of this type of examination during the propaedeutic phase of medicine and biomedical science study programmes, in the light of the binding study advice. PMID:24203858

Eijsvogels, Thijs M H; van den Brand, Tessa L; Hopman, Maria T E

2013-11-01

45

Managing ocean information in the digital era--events in Canada open questions about the role of marine science libraries.  

PubMed

Information is the foundation of evidence-based policies for effective marine environmental protection and conservation. In Canada, the cutback of marine science libraries introduces key questions about the role of such institutions and the management of ocean information in the digital age. How vital are such libraries in the mission of studying and protecting the oceans? What is the fate and value of the massive grey literature holdings, including archival materials, much of which is not in digital form but which often contains vital data? How important is this literature generally in the marine environmental sciences? Are we likely to forget the history of the marine pollution field if our digital focus eclipses the need for and access to comprehensive collections and skilled information specialists? This paper explores these and other questions against the backdrop of unprecedented changes in the federal libraries, marine environmental science and legislation in Canada. PMID:24768172

Wells, Peter G

2014-06-15

46

Questions as a tool for bridging science and everyday language games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research has shown how students can shift between different ways of communicating about natural phenomena. The point of departure in this text is that school science comprises science ways to communicate as well as everyday ways to communicate. In school science activities transitions, from for example everyday ways to explain to science ways to explain, occur and the purpose of this paper is to show what role questions play in these transitions. Data consists of video observations of a group of 24 students, 15 years of age, doing their ordinary school science work without my interference in their planning. Relevant conversations including questions were transcribed. The analysis was made by examining the establishment of relations between utterances in the transcribed conversations. Relations that bridge science and everyday language games are described in the results. Questions that were formulated in an everyday language game illustrate the difficulties of making transitions to a science language game. Without teacher guidance, students' questions are potential promoters for making the topic drift and to develop into something totally different from the topic as planned by the teacher. However, questions promote transitions to an everyday language game. These can be used by teachers for example to adjust an everyday explanation and guide students in making science knowledge useful in daily life.

Lundin, Mattias

2007-01-01

47

What's in a Domain: Understanding How Students Approach Questioning in History and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How students ask questions as they learn has implications for understanding, retention, and problem solving. The current research investigates the influence of domain, age, and previous experience with content on the ways students approach questioning across history and science texts. In 3 experiments, 3rd-, 8th-, and 10th-grade students in large…

Portnoy, Lindsay Blau; Rabinowitz, Mitchell

2014-01-01

48

Grand Research Questions in the Solid-Earth Sciences; Final Scientific\\/Technical Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past three decades, Earth scientists have made great strides in understanding our planetâs workings and history. Yet this progress has served principally to lay bare more fundamental questions about the Earth. Expanding knowledge is generating new questions, while innovative technologies and new partnerships with other sciences provide new paths toward answers. A National Academies committee was established to

Linn; Anne M

2008-01-01

49

Opportunities and questions for the fundamental biological sciences in space  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The nature of biological issues which can be addressed during long-term space missions is briefly discussed. These issues include structure, from cell to organ to organism; function, the regulation of systems such as immunology, neural sciences, and behavior; and reproduction and development.

Sharp, Joseph C.; Vernikos, Joan

1992-01-01

50

How commercial and ``violent'' video games can promote culturally sensitive science learning: some questions and challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In their paper, Muñoz and El-Hani propose to bring video games into science classrooms to promote culturally sensitive ethics and citizenship education. Instead of bringing "educational" games, Muñoz and El-Hani take a more creative route and include games such as Fallout 3® precisely because they are popular and they reproduce ideological and violent representations of gender, race, class, nationality, science and technology. However, there are many questions that arise in bringing these commercial video games into science classrooms, including the questions of how students' capacities for critical reflection can be facilitated, whether traditional science teachers can take on the role of using such games in their classrooms, and which video games would be most appropriate to use. In this response, I raise these questions and consider some of the challenges in order to further the possibility of implementing Muñoz and El-Hani's creative proposal for generating culturally sensitive science classrooms.

Kwah, Helen

2012-12-01

51

The General Theory of Marketing Ethics: A Revision and Three Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general theory of marketing ethics, first published in the Journal of Macromarketing by Hunt and Vitell (1986), has been the focus of much discussion and empirical testing. As a result, the theory was revised in 1993. This article overviews the 1993 revision of the model and addresses three questions that are often asked by those who use the model

Shelby D. Hunt; Scott J. Vitell

2006-01-01

52

Multi-Tier Question Groups for an Integrated HyperCard Natural Science Stack Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an integrated life science/physical science HyperCard library used to enhance active learning and interdisciplinary classroom strategies. The rationale for the design of multitier problem sets as part of the library is discussed and examples of multitier question groups are given. (33 references) (LZ)

Lopresti, Vin; And Others

1994-01-01

53

Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new report from the National Academies' National Research Council was produced in response to a request from the Bush administration. Written by a distinguished committee, the report attempts to summarize our current understanding of global climate change and examine what the future may hold for the 21st century and the extent to which warming may be attributable to human activity. Among other things, the report argues for a great deal more systematic research to address current uncertainties in climate-change science. Users may read the full text of the report in Open Book format at the National Academy Press site.

2001-01-01

54

Patterns of Response Times and Response Choices to Science Questions: The Influence of Relative Processing Time.  

PubMed

We report on five experiments investigating response choices and response times to simple science questions that evoke student "misconceptions," and we construct a simple model to explain the patterns of response choices. Physics students were asked to compare a physical quantity represented by the slope, such as speed, on simple physics graphs. We found that response times of incorrect answers, resulting from comparing heights, were faster than response times of correct answers comparing slopes. This result alone might be explained by the fact that height was typically processed faster than slope for this kind of task, which we confirmed in a separate experiment. However, we hypothesize that the difference in response time is an indicator of the cause (rather than the result) of the response choice. To support this, we found that imposing a 3-s delay in responding increased the number of students comparing slopes (answering correctly) on the task. Additionally a significant proportion of students recognized the correct written rule (compare slope), but on the graph task they incorrectly compared heights. Finally, training either with repetitive examples or providing a general rule both improved scores, but only repetitive examples had a large effect on response times, thus providing evidence of dual paths or processes to a solution. Considering models of heuristics, information accumulation models, and models relevant to the Stroop effect, we construct a simple relative processing time model that could be viewed as a kind of fluency heuristic. The results suggest that misconception-like patterns of answers to some science questions commonly found on tests may be explained in part by automatic processes that involve the relative processing time of considered dimensions and a priority to answer quickly. PMID:25230833

Heckler, Andrew F; Scaife, Thomas M

2014-09-18

55

SDSU General Catalog 2013-2014 203 Computer Science  

E-print Network

SDSU General Catalog 2013-2014 203 CS Computer Science In the College of Sciences OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer, Thomas Offered by the Department Master of Science degree in computer science. Major in computer science with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Minor in computer science. Certificate in geographic

Gallo, Linda C.

56

SDSU General Catalog 2012-2013 201 Computer Science  

E-print Network

SDSU General Catalog 2012-2013 201 CS Computer Science In the College of Sciences OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer: Root, Thomas Offered by the Department Master of Science degree in computer science. Major in computer science with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Minor in computer science. Certificate

Gallo, Linda C.

57

SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 199 Computer Science  

E-print Network

SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 199 CS Computer Science In the College of Sciences OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer, Riggins Adjunct: Root, Thomas Offered by the Department Master of Science degree in computer science. Major in computer science with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Minor in computer science

Gallo, Linda C.

58

The use of why-questions to enhance college science students' comprehension of their textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why-questions adjunct to reading material consistently help students remember unfamiliar information (recall) according to research investigating elaborative interrogation. Why-questions ask students to explain why statements pulled-out from a text are true. But no one apparently has assessed why-questions' effectiveness when measuring comprehension of paraphrased meaningful information and when students are learning in a naturalistic classroom context. This study investigated the use of why-questions in enhancing science reading comprehension. Undergraduates (123 males and 171 females) using a chapter from their introductory biology textbooks were randomly assigned to a treatment group with 21 adjunct why-questions or to a control group with no adjunct why-questions. The treatment group was instructed to read the textbook material and to answer the why-questions. The control group was instructed to read the same textbook material twice, a standard methodological procedure used in such research. Posttest data was collected using a posttest only equivalent group design. A test for students' prior knowledge and a test for students' verbal ability were administered to the students prior to the study. Findings revealed that students in the treatment group using adjunct why-question outperformed (p < .05) students in the control group without why-questions on a comprehension posttest. Of interest is that students with low-verbal ability who answered adjunct why-questions significantly outperformed students with low-verbal ability in the control group. Why-questions seem to be a potentially powerful learning device to improve student comprehension of college biology textbooks.

Smith, Betty Lou

2002-01-01

59

Questioning the Validity of Inquiry Assessment in a High Stakes Physical Sciences Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The South African science curriculum advocates an inquiry-based approach to practical work. Inquiry is a complex and multifaceted activity involving both cognitive and physical activity; thus, paper-and-pencil items do not provide the authentic context for this assessment. This study investigates the construct validity of inquiry-related questions

Ramnarain, Umesh

2014-01-01

60

METHODOLOGY IN QUESTION International PhD conference in the History of Science and Ideas  

E-print Network

METHODOLOGY IN QUESTION International PhD conference in the History of Science and Ideas Stockholm an opportunity to address methodological problems as have presented them- selves in the process of empirical are requested to use their empirical material as context or framework for discussions of methodological

61

Age-old Question(naire)s Joy Goodman, Department of Computing Science, University of  

E-print Network

Age-old Question(naire)s Joy Goodman, Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow (joy, we carried out a questionnaire and interview study in Scotland with 353 participants over the age and possible reasons for these trends, noting in particular the effect of technology age and complexity

Goodman, Joy

62

32 ENGINEERING & SCIENCE SUMMER 2013 Caltech alumni continue to pursue their own big questions long after  

E-print Network

is or, more spe- cifically, how long it will take you to calculate the answer--before attempting to do32 ENGINEERING & SCIENCE SUMMER 2013 Caltech alumni continue to pursue their own big questions long to shape our world, and that led them to be named recipients of this year's Distinguished Alumni Awards

63

Selective Attentional Effects of Adjunct Study Questions on Achievement in Nigerian Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the selective attentional effects of adjunct study questions inserted before or after the presentation of science flow diagrams. The basic design for the study was a post-test only control group design involving a total of 252 students randomly selected from six secondary schools in Ile-Ife, Oshun State Nigeria. These were…

Okoye, Nnamdi S.

2008-01-01

64

Improving comprehension of science content: Generating self-explanation questions and creating explanatory answers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The emphasis on learning in content area classrooms is heavily dependent on remembering facts and memorizing definitions. Because of this, students often achieve shallow levels of comprehension and are deficient in the skills necessary to achieve deeper comprehension. Teaching students to generate self-explanation questions and answers related to teacher lectures and from reading text can improve comprehension. Students who attempt to explain what the content means understand it better and at a deeper level. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of teaching students to ask self-explanation questions as a means for improving comprehension. Eighth-grade students from three heterogeneous science classrooms participated in one of the treatment or comparison groups. The first treatment group was taught to generate self-explanation questions while the second treatment group was taught to generate self-explanation questions and to create explanatory answers using a rubric. The comparison group received their regular science instruction. Self-explanation question/answer participants scored significantly higher than the regular instruction group more often than the self-explanation question only group, on memory and essay measures. Analyses were performed with MANCOVA on all three groups' scores as a set. ANCOVA was used to determine if differences existed between groups on each of the dependent variables, and Bonferonni's post-hoc contrasts were used to determine where differences existed among treatment and comparison groups. Results revealed that students who were taught to generate self-explanation questions and/or to create explanatory answers outperformed the regular instruction students on some of the memory and essay measures. Additionally, teaching students a self-explanation strategy resulted in improved ability to respond to essay questions two weeks following the conclusion of the study compared to students who received regular instruction.

Clelland, Peggie L.

65

SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 195 Computer Science  

E-print Network

SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 195 CS Computer Science In the College of Sciences OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer Science 413 TELEPHONE: 619-594-6191 http://www.cs.sdsu.edu The B.S. degree in Computer Science, Lewis, Riggins Adjunct: Root, Thomas Offered by the Department Master of Science degree in computer

Gallo, Linda C.

66

Negotiating the Inquiry Question: A Comparison of Whole Class and Small Group Strategies in Grade Five Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of two strategies for negotiating the question for exploration during science inquiry on student achievement and teachers' perceptions. The study is set in the context of the Science Writing Heuristic. The first strategy (small group) consisted of each group of four students negotiating a question

Cavagnetto, Andy R.; Hand, Brian; Norton-Meier, Lori

2011-01-01

67

Challenging accepted wisdom: looking at the gender and science education question through a different lens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports on a research project designed to explore a group of women scientists' understandings of themselves and science. The project uses an unconventional methodology: - a mixture of conventional qualitative research methods and techniques developed for use in psychotherapy. Its preliminary results appear to contradict some of the assumptions on which much of past work on girls and science education is based. For example, we found that, for the women involved in this project, factors such as the presence in their lives of strong female role models and/or the use of 'girl-friendly' curriculum materials were not important in their decision to continue the study of science to university level. Other factors - some of which were quite unexpected - had a much greater effect. The article outlines the methodology of this project and some of its findings, and explores the implications of these findings for future work on the gender and science education question.

Gilbert, Jane; Calvert, Sarah

2003-07-01

68

Question, Problem, Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Questions and question-formulating strategies are central to science. In many ways the formulation of a question forms the basis for high-quality instruction in science. Effective questioning has a strong connection to cognitive theory. The sentence start

Klentschy, Michael P.

2008-04-01

69

General Science [Sahuarita High School Career Curriculum Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit entitled "General Science" is one of a series of instructional guides prepared by teachers for the Sahuarita High School (Arizona) Career Curriculum Project. The package is subtitled "Physical Science in General Science" and consists of sections dealing with mechanics, electricity and light. A list of 41 behavioral objectives is stated…

Christensen, Larry; Lane, Robert

70

Science anxiety and social cognitive factors predicting STEM career aspirations of high school freshmen in general science class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extant data was used to consider the association between science anxiety, social cognitive factors and STEM career aspirations of high school freshmen in general science classes. An adapted model based on social cognitive career theory (SCCT) was used to consider these relationships, with science anxiety functioning as a barrier in the model. The study assessed the following research questions: (1) Do social cognitive variables relate in the expected way to STEM career aspirations based on SCCT for ninth graders taking general science classes? (2) Is there an association between science anxiety and outcomes and processes identified in the SCCT model for ninth graders taking general science classes? (3) Does gender moderate these relationships? Results indicated that support was found for many of the central tenants of the SCCT model. Science anxiety was associated with prior achievement, self-efficacy, and science interest, although it did not relate directly to STEM career goals. Gender was found to moderate only the relationship between prior achievement and science self-efficacy.

Skells, Kristin Marie

71

Grand Research Questions in the Solid-Earth Sciences Final Scientific/Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

Over the past three decades, Earth scientists have made great strides in understanding our planet’s workings and history. Yet this progress has served principally to lay bare more fundamental questions about the Earth. Expanding knowledge is generating new questions, while innovative technologies and new partnerships with other sciences provide new paths toward answers. A National Academies committee was established to frame some of the great intellectual challenges inherent in the study of the Earth and planets. The goal was to focus on science, not implementation issues, such as facilities or recommendations aimed at specific agencies. The committee canvassed the geological community and deliberated at length to arrive at 10 questions: 1. How did Earth and other planets form? 2. What happened during Earth’s “dark age” (the first 500 million years)? 3. How did life begin? 4. How does Earth’s interior work, and how does it affect the surface? 5. Why does Earth have plate tectonics and continents? 6. How are Earth processes controlled by material properties? 7. What causes climate to change—and how much can it change? 8. How has life shaped Earth—and how has Earth shaped life? 9. Can earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and their consequences be predicted? 10. How do fluid flow and transport affect the human environment? Written for graduate students, colleagues in sister disciplines, and program managers funding Earth and planetary science research, the report describes where the field stands, how it got there, and where it might be headed. Our hope is that the report will spark new interest in and support for the field by showing how Earth science can contribute to a wide range of issues—including some not always associated with the solid Earth—from the formation of the solar system to climate change to the origin of life. Its reach goes beyond the United States; the report is being translated into Chinese and distributed in China.

Linn, Anne M.

2008-12-03

72

Comparison of Collegial Individual and Group Reviews of General Practice Multiple Choice Questions  

PubMed Central

Aims: In most German medical faculties, credits in general practice can be earned via exams using multiple-choice questions (MCQ). Measures such as peer-reviews may help assure the quality of these exams. In order to use time and personnel intensive peer reviews effectively and efficiently, the procedures used are key. Therefore, we wanted to find out whether there are differences between group and individual reviews regarding defined parameters. Methods: We conducted a controlled cross-over study with three GP reviewers from four different German universities. Each reviewed 80 MCQs, 40 individually and 40 within a group, including external assessments by a panel of experts. Furthermore all reviewers were asked to evaluate the review process and the time spent carrying out these reviews. Outcomes: We found no significant differences between the reliability and the validity of individual reviews versus group reviews. On average slightly more time was spent on group reviews compared with the individual reviews. The subjective assessments of the study participants regarding their satisfaction with the process and the efficiency and effectiveness of the reviews suggest a preference for group reviews. Conclusions: Based on this study, there are no definite recommendations for or against either approach. When choosing between the two, the specific work structures and organisation at the local faculty should be taken into account. PMID:22916083

Böhme, Klaus; Schelling, Jörg; Streitlein-Böhme, Irmgard; Glassen, Katharina; Schübel, Jeannine; Jünger, Jana

2012-01-01

73

Attitudes of Undergraduate General Science Students Toward Learning Science and the Nature of Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We investigated general science students' attitudes regarding the acquisition of scientific knowledge and the nature of science by administering a 32-item attitudinal survey. To assemble a representative array of epistemological attitudes at our institution and to determine the impact of instruction, we administered this survey to over 250 students from 19 sections of three general science courses. We characterized the instructional styles for each course using three broad categories: Traditional, Transitional, and Learning-centered. This paper focuses on the impact those different instructional styles had on students' epistemological beliefs.

Marx, Jeffrey; Mian, Shabbir; Pagonis, Vasilis

2010-01-18

74

A Template for Open Inquiry: Using Questions to Encourage and Support Inquiry in Earth and Space Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an instructional approach to helping students generate open-inquiry research questions, which the authors call the "open-inquiry question template." This template was created based on their experience teaching high school science and preservice university methods courses. To help teachers implement this template, they…

Hermann, Ronald S.; Miranda, Rommel J.

2010-01-01

75

Question 1 (15 Marks) Find the general solution of the following differential equations  

E-print Network

the flow of an electrical current I(t) in a simple series circuit, as shown in Figure 1. The resistor has LCR electrical circuit. #12;11.2UE2 2 Question 3 (10 Marks) (a) Find the Laplace transform Question 5 (15 Marks) Consider the electrical circuit in figure 3. Kirchoff's loop rule, Ohm's law

Malham, Simon J.A.

76

On the Science of Embodied Cognition in the 2010s: Research Questions, Appropriate Reductionism, and Testable Explanations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Journal of the Learning Sciences" has devoted this special issue to the study of embodied cognition (as it applies to mathematics), a topic that for several decades has gained attention in the cognitive sciences and in mathematics education, in particular. In this commentary, the author aims to address crucial questions in embodied…

Nunez, Rafael

2012-01-01

77

General Chemistry and Materials Science: The Interrelationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the Ninth Annual Worcester Polytechnic Institute Conference on Chemical Education that focused on the incorporation of materials science into chemistry courses as examples of chemical phenomena and on the identification of what chemistry a college graduate should possess to work in the area of materials science. (JRH)

Beall, Herbert

1996-01-01

78

Eighth-grade science teachers use of instructional time: Examining questions from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and comparing TIMSS and National Science Foundation questionnaires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Did the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) ask science teachers the right questions about their use of instructional time? Part I of this 2-part study used the TIMSS database to answer the question: Do 8th grade science teachers in the U.S., Czech Republic, Hungary, Japan, and Korea differ significantly in their perceived use of instructional time? Using the instructional activities in the TIMSS teacher question "How did the lesson proceed?" the teacher-reported times were analyzed using a repeated measures multivariate analysis. Significant differences were found between teacher-reported times in the U.S. and the other 4 TIMSS countries, whose 8th grade students outperformed U.S. students on TIMSS achievement tests. Post-hoc analysis indicated that TIMSS U.S. 8th grade science teachers report spending more time on homework in class, on group activities, and on lab activities, but less time on topic development, than TIMSS teachers from some or all of the other countries. Part II of this study further examined the question "How did the lesson proceed?" by videotaping 6 classes of 8th grade science in Alabama and Virginia and comparing observer coding of the video to the teachers' recalled descriptions of the same class. The difference between observer and teacher responses using TIMSS categories was not significant; however, 43% of the total variance was explained by whether the teacher or the observer reported the times for the instructional activities. The teachers also responded to questions from the NSF Local Systemic Change Through Teacher Enhancement K--8 Teacher Questionnaire to describe the same class. The difference found between the teacher and the observer coding was not significant, but the amount of variance explained by the data source (observer or teacher) dropped to 33% when using NSF student activity categories and to 26% when using NSF teacher activity categories. The conclusion of this study was that questionnaires to survey science teachers about their instructional activities should include operational definitions, methods of classifying single activities into 2 or more instructional categories, and questions that are more accurate in describing quality science instructional activities.

Davidson, Anne Burgess

79

Scientific Grand Challenges: Forefront Questions in Nuclear Science and the Role of High Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect

This report is an account of the deliberations and conclusions of the workshop on "Forefront Questions in Nuclear Science and the Role of High Performance Computing" held January 26-28, 2009, co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics (ONP) and the DOE Office of Advanced Scientific Computing (ASCR). Representatives from the national and international nuclear physics communities, as well as from the high performance computing community, participated. The purpose of this workshop was to 1) identify forefront scientific challenges in nuclear physics and then determine which-if any-of these could be aided by high performance computing at the extreme scale; 2) establish how and why new high performance computing capabilities could address issues at the frontiers of nuclear science; 3) provide nuclear physicists the opportunity to influence the development of high performance computing; and 4) provide the nuclear physics community with plans for development of future high performance computing capability by DOE ASCR.

Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2009-10-01

80

Impact of SCALE-UP on science teaching self-efficacy of students in general education science courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of two pedagogical models used in general education science on non-majors' science teaching self-efficacy. Science teaching self-efficacy can be influenced by inquiry and cooperative learning, through cognitive mechanisms described by Bandura (1997). The Student Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs (SCALE-UP) model of inquiry and cooperative learning incorporates cooperative learning and inquiry-guided learning in large enrollment combined lecture-laboratory classes (Oliver-Hoyo & Beichner, 2004). SCALE-UP was adopted by a small but rapidly growing public university in the southeastern United States in three undergraduate, general education science courses for non-science majors in the Fall 2006 and Spring 2007 semesters. Students in these courses were compared with students in three other general education science courses for non-science majors taught with the standard teaching model at the host university. The standard model combines lecture and laboratory in the same course, with smaller enrollments and utilizes cooperative learning. Science teaching self-efficacy was measured using the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument - B (STEBI-B; Bleicher, 2004). A science teaching self-efficacy score was computed from the Personal Science Teaching Efficacy (PTSE) factor of the instrument. Using non-parametric statistics, no significant difference was found between teaching models, between genders, within models, among instructors, or among courses. The number of previous science courses was significantly correlated with PTSE score. Student responses to open-ended questions indicated that students felt the larger enrollment in the SCALE-UP room reduced individual teacher attention but that the large round SCALE-UP tables promoted group interaction. Students responded positively to cooperative and hands-on activities, and would encourage inclusion of more such activities in all of the courses. The large enrollment SCALE-UP model as implemented at the host university did not increase science teaching self-efficacy of non-science majors, as hypothesized. This was likely due to limited modification of standard cooperative activities according to the inquiry-guided SCALE-UP model. It was also found that larger SCALE-UP enrollments did not decrease science teaching self-efficacy when standard cooperative activities were used in the larger class.

Cassani, Mary Kay Kuhr

81

Teaching General Chemistry: A Materials Science Companion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many teachers and other educators have expressed a concern regarding the lack of student interest in many of the traditional science courses. To help rectify this problem a collaborative effort among educators and others concerned has led to the development of instructional materials that are more relevant to the lives of students. This document…

Ellis, Arthur B.; And Others

82

National Institute of General Medical Sciences  

MedlinePLUS

... Biomedical Data Science Training Coordination Center (U24) NIH Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) Initiative Research Education: Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on Data Management for Biomedical Big Data (R25) NIH Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) Initiative ...

83

Psychology General Of1ice P217 Biological Sciences Building  

E-print Network

Psychology General Of1ice P217 Biological Sciences Building Edmonton, Alberta. Robert Cook ----------------------------------------------- Professor of Psychology Dean in 1986, when he joined the Department of Psychology as an assistant

Machel, Hans

84

Question Mars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about generating hypotheses and testable questions. Learners will use critical thinking and a collaborative approach to pose questions related to the study of Mars and evaluate the quality of their questions. They will explore remote-sensing data collected by a camera orbiting Mars - the Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) and develop a team science question. Students will practice critical thinking skills, use a collaborative approach to this first critical step of the scientific process. Exploring the images of the surface of Mars in Visible (VIS) images, students will come up with a topic of study, their team science question and hypotheses. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes and vocabulary.

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78 FR 37557 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2013-06-21

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77 FR 71430 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2012-11-30

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78 FR 28601 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-05-15

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78 FR 66367 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-11-05

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78 FR 70311 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-11-25

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78 FR 63231 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-10-23

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78 FR 66370 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-11-05

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78 FR 11658 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-02-19

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77 FR 76059 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Meeting  

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2012-12-26

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78 FR 35942 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-06-14

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75 FR 7484 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2010-02-19

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78 FR 39741 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-07-02

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77 FR 64812 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2012-10-23

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78 FR 13362 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-02-27

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78 FR 38997 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meetings  

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2013-06-28

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75 FR 55804 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Place: National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2010-09-14

101

Project Water Science. General Science High School Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide presents 12 hands-on laboratory activities for high school science classes that cover the environmental issue of water resources in California. The activities are separated into three sections. Five activities in the section on water quality address the topics of groundwater, water hardness, bottled water, water purity, and…

Water Education Foundation, Sacramento, CA.

102

76 FR 7573 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; MBRS Chemistry. Date: March 7, 2011...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research;...

2011-02-10

103

75 FR 39697 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special...Physiology, Biological Chemistry Special Emphasis Panel...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research;...

2010-07-12

104

75 FR 62548 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special...Minority Biomedical Research Chemistry Grant Applications...National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research;...

2010-10-12

105

Evaluation of Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To evaluate Multiple Choice and Short Essay Question items in Basic Medical Sciences by determining item writing flaws (IWFs) of MCQs along with cognitive level of each item in both methods. Methods: This analytical study evaluated the quality of the assessment tools used for the first batch in a newly established medical college in Karachi, Pakistan. First and sixth module assessment tools in Biochemistry during 2009-2010 were analyzed. Cognitive level of MCQs and SEQs, were noted and MCQ item writing flaws were also evaluated. Results: A total of 36 SEQs and 150 MCQs of four items were analyzed. The cognitive level of 83.33% of SEQs was at recall level while remaining 16.67% were assessing interpretation of data. Seventy six percent of the MCQs were at recall level while remaining 24% were at the interpretation. Regarding IWFs, 69 IWFs were found in 150 MCQs. The commonest among them were implausible distracters (30.43%), unfocused stem (27.54%) and unnecessary information in the stem (24.64%). Conclusion: There is a need to review the quality including the content of assessment tools. A structured faculty development program is recommended for developing improved assessment tools that align with learning outcomes and measure competency of medical students. PMID:24639820

Baig, Mukhtiar; Ali, Syeda Kauser; Ali, Sobia; Huda, Nighat

2014-01-01

106

Using Question Answer Relationships in Science Instruction to Increase the Reading Achievement of Struggling Readers and Students with Reading Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Question Answer Relationship (QAR) literacy strategy was integrated into science instruction in a fourth grade classroom. Ten students who struggled with reading, including some who were diagnosed with a reading disability, participated in this study. Significant gains were made in reading by the 10 student participants in comprehending…

Kinniburgh, Leah H.; Baxter, Abigail

2012-01-01

107

The Development of the Skill of Questioning in Prospective Secondary School Science Teachers: An Extension. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major problem investigated was to assess the effectiveness of an instructional procedure designed to develop skill in questioning, as a teaching technique, by prospective science teachers. Subproblems investigated were to determine: (1) if skill developed during this instructional sequence would transfer to the student teaching experience; and…

Blosser, Patricia E.

108

General Atomics Sciences: It's a Colorful Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page is a multi-day module for grades 8-12 on the topic of color. It was designed as a set of six interlinked experiments to explore how colors are formed by light absorption and emission. Activities include: physical models to experiment with additive and subtractive color and explore how objects reflect and absorb light; examining color mixing by using a simple Power Point tool called CMYK; using magnification to examine the dot colors produced by an ink jet printer, and more. Detailed lesson plans, student activity guides, and background information are freely accessible online. The module was developed to be used with a set of unique hands-on lab materials sold by the publisher, however, many items are readily obtainable from teacher supply stores. This resource is aligned with national science education standards and has been refined through classroom testing. This item is part of a larger collection of inquiry-based modules.

Lawrence Woolf

109

Towards a Virtual Teaching Assistant to Answer Questions Asked by Students in Introductory Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This dissertation analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the…

Heiner, Cecily

2009-01-01

110

Climate Change Science Instruction using a Model: Students Asking Quantitative Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The act of asking a question is arguably the most important part of the scientific process as it is the starting point of the scientific inquiry. And while students learn much from asking questions, they are often reticent to do so in the class-room and more often than not the instructor asks the questions while the students answer them. Here

C. Gautier

2004-01-01

111

Questions Asked by Primary Student Teachers about Observations of a Science Demonstration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher questioning has a central role in guiding pupils to learn to make scientific observations and inferences. We asked 110 primary student teachers to write down what kind of questions they would ask their pupils about a demonstration. Almost half of the student teachers posed questions that were either inappropriate or presupposed that the…

Ahtee, Maija; Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Suomela, Liisa

2011-01-01

112

Towards a virtual teaching assistant to answer questions asked by students in introductory computer science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This dissertation analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the natural language of the questions to a vector space, and then utilizing cosine similarity to identify similar previous questions. I report classification accuracies between 23% and 56%, obtaining substantial improvements by exploiting domain knowledge (compiler error messages) and educational context (assignment name). My results are especially timely and relevant for online courses where students are completing the same set of assignments asynchronously and access to staff is limited.

Heiner, Cecily

113

The knowledge most worth having: Otis W. Caldwell (1869 1947) and the rise of the general science course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 1860 Herbert Spencer asked the famous rhetorical question ‘What Knowledge is of Most Worth?’ The unequivocal answer was science. Giving greater attention to science and scientific knowledge would not only produce additional scientists; more important, argued Spencer, it would make better parents, better church-goers, better citizens and workers, better artists and better consumers of art. It would lead to a ‘command of fundamental processes’, ‘worthy home membership’, ‘worthy use of leisure’, ‘ethical character’ — the goals of a general education spelled out by Spencerians within the National Educational Association in 1918. Here is our puzzle, then: how are we to interpret a definition of science, one widely accepted both in Spencer's time and in our own, that comes so close descriptively to a commonsensical view of what constitutes non-science? The answer to this question lies in part in the historical relationship between science and general education, a relationship established in the opening decades of this century, when the authority of science and scientific objectivity was in the minds of most educators unimpeachable. The high school general science course, developed in its early stages by the botanist and educator, Otis W. Caldwell, was a potent symbol of this new relationship. Organized around broad, topical issues and claiming to teach the mundane truths of life, general science was more than a loose collection of facts from the various earth, biological, and physical sciences. Its many advocates viewed the new unified science course as pedagogically independent of the specialties yet central to education in general. In 1949, two years after Caldwell's death, 72 percent of the total science enrollments in the United States were in general science and biology, its closest cognate. This paper examines the rise of the general science course and its implications for the reform of secondary school science education. It concludes that while recent reforms may impress students with the personal and social character of science, introducing them to a broad use of the scientific method, they will not necessarily make them more scientifically literate or train them to think about problems in anything like the way professional scientists do. Much less will they introduce students to alternative ways of problem-solving, arguably one of the most important goals of good science teaching.

Heffron, John M.

1995-07-01

114

General Atomics Sciences: Chromatics - The Science of Color  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page is a comprehensive module for grades 8-12 on the origin of colors in materials, including liquids, solids, and gases. "Color in gases" includes experiments that explore the color of fireworks, the origin of smog, the cause of rainbows, and why the sky is blue. The "Color in liquids" section includes investigations into why plants are green, the color change of acid/base indicators, why objects change color when they rust, and how glowsticks and fireflies produce colored light. The section dealing with "Color in solids" examines how colors are produced by the interference of light using an audio CD, how UV light can be detected using fluorescence, and how light emitting diodes work. This resource is aligned with national science education standards and has been refined through classroom testing. This item is part of a larger collection of inquiry-based modules. SEE RELATED ITEMS on this page for a link to these materials.

Woolf, Lawrence

2009-05-25

115

I Didn't Know Oxygen Could Boil! What Preservice and Inservice Elementary Teachers' Answers to "Simple" Science Questions Reveals about Their Subject Matter Knowledge. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this descriptive study, the science subject matter knowledge of preservice and inservice elementary teachers was examined and compared. Over an eight-year period, answers to 13 science questions, including 10 from the US National Science Foundation's Survey of Public Attitudes Toward and Understanding of Science and Technology, were collected…

Rice, Diana C.

2005-01-01

116

Impact of Online Support for Teachers' Open-Ended Questioning in Pre-K Science Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the effects of teacher supports in enhancing teachers' open-ended questioning in pre-k activities. The blended teacher supports included online video demonstrations of questioning techniques and companion workshop activities. Twenty-five teachers received the blended supports while the control group did not. The data consisted of…

Lee, Youngju; Kinzie, Mable B.; Whittaker, Jessica Vick

2012-01-01

117

What's in a Domain: Understanding How Students Approach Questioning in History and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During their education, students are presented with information across a variety of academic domains. How students ask questions as they learn has implications for understanding, retention, and problem solving. The current research investigates the influence of age and prior knowledge on the ways students approach questioning across history and…

Portnoy, Lindsay Blau

2013-01-01

118

Student Questioning in the Presence of the Teacher during Problem Solving in Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student questioning within the Search, Solve, Create, and Share (SSCS) problem solving instructional model was investigated. The results suggest that the SSCS problem-solving instructional model increases student questioning in the presence of the teacher (n=22) when compared to a teacher-directed laboratory instructional model. The implications…

Pizzini, Edward L; Shepardson, Daniel P.

1991-01-01

119

General Atmospheric Sciences Energy: Warming the Earth and the Atmosphere  

E-print Network

25 #12;Enhancement of Greenhouse effect CO2 Ch4 H2O ­ N2O CFC #12;Air in the lower atmosphere ­ Absorption, Emission, and Equilibrium #12; #12; #12;(greenhouse effect) (a) (b) 33 #12; #12; 15 10 20General Atmospheric Sciences Energy: Warming the Earth and the Atmosphere Reference Meteorology

Chen, Yang-Yuan

120

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group VII Social Science  

E-print Network

, structure, and historical development of human behavior, organizations, social phenomena, and these individual, group, or social phenomena; and/or Students will use theories that explain the locationI. ASCRC General Education Form Group VII ­ Social Science Dept/Program Geography Course # GEOG

Vonessen, Nikolaus

121

"Two Cultures" Topics for General Studies Science Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theses proposed in C. P. Snow's book "The Two Cultures," including uncommunicative scientific and literary groups, gap between rich and poor, overpopulation, and nuclear war remain viable topics. Discusses the scientific and literary cultural gap and what can be done in general studies science courses to ameliorate the condition. (Author/JN)

Larson, James H.

1982-01-01

122

Solar energy education. Renewable energy activities for general science  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy topics are integrated with the study of general science. The literature is provided in the form of a teaching manual and includes such topics as passive solar homes, siting a home for solar energy, and wind power for the home. Other energy topics are explored through library research activities. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01

123

Human Evolution "Most scientists believe that science generally  

E-print Network

Human Evolution "Most scientists believe that science generally approaches ever nearer, G relationship Human Origins & Evolution: Molecular Evidence - mtDNA tree Fig. 19.4 Bonobo #12;Human and extant wrist bones - -comparative study (G ancestral, C & H derived) Human Origins & Evolution: Key

124

Journeys into Inquiry-Based Elementary Science: Literacy Practices, Questioning, and Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching literacy in inquiry-based science-teaching settings has recently become a focus of research in science education. Because professional scientists' uses of reading, writing, and speaking are foundational to their work, as well as to nonscientists' comprehension of it , it follows that literacy practices should also be central to science

Howes, Elaine V.; Lim, Miyoun; Campos, Jaclyn

2009-01-01

125

200 SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer Science 413  

E-print Network

200 SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer Science 413 TELEPHONE: 619 by the Department Master of Science degree in computer science. Major in computer science with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Minor in computer science. Certificate in geographic information science

Gallo, Linda C.

126

"White Blankets May Make You Smarter" and Other Questionable Social Science Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social sciences are awash with studies of varying quality. The process of getting published is supposed to sort the good from the bad and, through feedback and editing, make the good better. Ideally, that is how the system should and usually does work--but it does not always work that way. One problem with social science research is that the…

Blimling, Gregory S.

2004-01-01

127

Setting the question for inquiry: The effects of whole class vs small group on student achievement in elementary science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was conducted to determine the effects of two different student-centered approaches to setting the question for inquiry. The first approach (whole class) consisted of students setting a single question for inquiry after which students worked in small groups during an investigation phase of the activity with all groups exploring the same question. The second approach (small group) consisted of each group of students setting a question resulting in numerous questions being explored per class. A mixed method quasi-experimental design was utilized. Two grade five teachers from a small rural school district in the Midwestern United States participated, each teaching two sections of science (approximately 25 students per section). Results indicate three major findings. Instructional approach (whole class vs. small group) did not effect student achievement in science or language arts. Observational data indicated the actions and skills teachers utilized to implement the approaches were similar. Specifically, the pedagogical skills of dialogical interaction (which was found to be influenced by teacher level of control of learning and teacher content knowledge) and effective rather than efficient use of time were identified as key factors in teachers' progression toward a student-centered, teacher-managed instructional approach. Unit exams along with qualitative and quantitative teacher observation data indicated that these factors do have an impact on student achievement. Specifically increased dialogical interaction in the forms of greater student voice, and increased cognitive demands placed on students by embedding and emphasizing science argument within the student inquiry corresponded to positive gains in student achievement. Additionally, teacher's perception of student abilities was also found to influence professional growth. Finally, allowing students to set the questions for inquiry and design the experiments impact the classroom environment as teacher talk changed from giving directions toward scaffolding student thought. These results have implications for professional development and teacher education as they suggest that more time should be spent on challenging teachers to align their pedagogy with how students learn rather than simply providing strategies and lesson plans for teachers to use in the classrooms.

Cavagnetto, Andy Roy

128

Big questions emerging from a century of rangeland science and management  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This special feature commemorating the Jornada centennial addressed several big questions about the future of rangelands, including how livestock production can be sustained with reduced grass cover, responses to invasive species, and how to manage for diverse ecosystem services (among others)....

129

Cooperative Learning in Third Graders' Jigsaw Groups for Mathematics and Science with and without Questioning Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is much support for using cooperative methods, since important instructional aspects, such as elaboration of new information, can easily be realized by methods like "jigsaw." However, the impact of providing students with additional help like a questioning training and potential limitations of the method concerning the (minimum)…

Souvignier, Elmar; Kronenberger, Julia

2007-01-01

130

Que es la Ciencia? What Is Science? A Question for All Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide offers classroom techniques for teaching science to bilingual elementary students. Recommendations are made for improving teaching by: lowering students' affective filters; providing comprehensible input; providing for language output; creating a supportive environment; adjusting classroom teaching style; teaching…

Spurlin, Quincy; Blanco, George

131

Questionable Exercises.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents general guidelines for exercise prescription that have an anatomical basis but also consider the exerciser's ability to do the exercise correctly. It reviews various common questionable exercises, explaining how some exercises, especially those designed for flexibility and muscle fitness, can cause harm. Safer…

Liemohn, Wendell; Haydu, Traci; Phillips, Dawn

1999-01-01

132

Effects of the Multiple Solutions and Question Prompts on Generalization and Justification for Non-Routine Mathematical Problem Solving in a Computer Game Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of solution methods and question prompts on generalization and justification of non-routine problem solving for Grade 9 students. The learning activities are based on the context of the frog jumping game. In addition, related computer tools were used to support generalization and justification of…

Lee, Chun-Yi; Chen, Ming-Jang; Chang, Wen-Long

2014-01-01

133

Examining Science Teacher's Understandings of the NOS Aspects through the Use of Knowledge Test and Open-Ended Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of science aspects (NOS) are the most emphasized theme in many curriculum and reform attempts. Teachers as a curriculum implementer in the classroom play important role for policy, arrangements and classroom experiences on NOS understandings of students. Researchers generally assessed the teachers' NOS conceptions using open-ended…

Koksal, Mustafa Serdar; Cakiroglu, Jale

2010-01-01

134

The Effects of Concept Mapping and Questioning on Students’ Organization and Retention of Science Knowledge While Using Interactive Read-Alouds  

E-print Network

According to recent assessment data, there is an urgent need to improve students' knowledge of science. It has been suggested that the infusion of reading activities including concept mapping, questioning and interactive read-alouds can help...

Berry, Jaime Leigh

2012-10-19

135

75 FR 42759 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Biomedical Research Support Chemistry Applications. Date: July...Review, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2010-07-22

136

76 FR 19104 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry, National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National...Physiology, and Biological Chemistry Research; 93.862,...

2011-04-06

137

question_1296837100 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

While the causal mechanisms that link excess body weight to increased risk for certain cancers are largely unknown (as noted in other questions), we pose an associated question -- what are the causal mechanisms that link excess body weight to decreased risk of certain other cancers?

138

Ecological Optimism in the Social Sciences: The Question of Limits to Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews various social science models of man designed to explain the issue of limits to growth for human societies. Presents arguments often advanced by proponents of pessimistic and optimistic schools of thought regarding whether society will be successfully able to deal with the limits to growth controversy. (Author/DB)

Luten, Daniel B.

1980-01-01

139

How Commercial and "Violent" Video Games Can Promote Culturally Sensitive Science Learning: Some Questions and Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In their paper, Munoz and El-Hani propose to bring video games into science classrooms to promote culturally sensitive ethics and citizenship education. Instead of bringing "educational" games, Munoz and El-Hani take a more creative route and include games such as Fallout 3[R] precisely because they are popular and they reproduce ideological and…

Kwah, Helen

2012-01-01

140

Selection, Generalization, and Theories of Cause in Qualitative Physics Education Research: Answers to the Hard-Hitting Questions Asked by Skeptical Quantitative Researchers  

E-print Network

Qualitative research incorporates distinct methods for selecting data for analysis, generalizing results, and making causal claims. Unanswered questions about these methods may constrain researchers more familiar with quantitative methods from participating in or critically engaging with qualitative research. We use results from interviews with physics education researchers, a synthesis of the literature on research methodologies, and published examples of qualitative and quantitative research to answer hard-hitting questions that quantitative researchers may pose.

Robertson, Amy D; Scherr, Rachel E

2013-01-01

141

Novel Methods for Communicating Plasma Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The broader implications of Plasma Science remains an elusive topic that the general public rarely discusses, regardless of their relevance to energy, the environment, and technology. Recently, we have looked beyond print media for methods to reach large numbers of people in creative and informative ways. These have included video, art, images, and music. For example, our submission to the ``What is a Flame?'' contest was ranked in the top 15 out of 800 submissions. Images of plasmas have won 3 out of 5 of the Princeton University ``Art of Science'' competitions. We use a plasma speaker to teach students of all ages about sound generation and plasma physics. We report on the details of each of these and future videos and animations under development.

Zwicker, Andrew; Merali, Aliya; Wissel, S. A.; Delooper, John

2012-10-01

142

Brookhaven National Laboratory/ PHOTON SCIENCES Subject: Frequently Asked Questions about Environmental Management Systems  

E-print Network

water system maintenance · Machine shop operations · Silicon crystal etching and cutting · Photographic Film Deposition · Experimental Program · Haz Store Shed - 90 Day Area · General Facility Operations

Homes, Christopher C.

143

Learning by Doing: Science in a Large General Education Class  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teaching science in a large (150+ students) class can be a challenge. This is especially true in a general education science class that is populated by non-science majors, athletes, and students with math phobias, as well as students with a variety of learning disabilities. To illustrate Newton's Laws, we used The Egg Fling: knocking a pie pan from under a raw egg which then falls straight down into a container of water. Newton's Laws are projected on an overhead in constant view of the students, and an ELMO is used to give a live, big-screen view to engage even those in the back of the large lecture room. Students make predictions, watch the demo, then refine or correct predictions as we discuss which laws are illustrated. The Laws are later related to students’ science fiction books and the GEMS Moons of Jupiter activity. Reading classic science fiction books allows students to see how our understanding of the universe and our technology have changed over the last 150 years, also adding a writing component to the class. Student preceptors are critical to the success of this approach, leading small group discussions that could not easily be done with the whole class. Preceptors receive training before they lead activities or discussions with groups of 10 to 15 peers. Students do live sky observations and informal measurements to track the motion and phases of the Moon against the background stars, but use technology (Heavens Above and Starry Night) to track and understand the rising and setting of the Sun and its relation to the reason for the seasons. Using a combination of live demonstrations with technology, short assessments, and student preceptors makes teaching a large group possible, effective, and fun.

Lebofsky, Larry A.; Moore, R. W.; Lebofsky, N. R.

2007-12-01

144

Shunning the Bird's Eye View: General Science in the Schools of Ontario and Quebec  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper considers the adoption of general science courses in two Canadian provinces, Ontario and Quebec, during the 1930s. In Ontario, a few science teachers had followed the early general science movements in the United States and Britain with interest. During the 1930s, several developments made the cross-disciplinary, applied thrust of general science particularly appealing to Ontario educationists. These developments included a new demand for vocational education, renewed reservations about pedagogical rationales based on transfer of training, and a growing professional divide between high school science teachers and university scientists. Around the same time, scientists in the Quebec's French-language universities were engaged in a concerted campaign to expand the place of science in the province's francophone secondary schools. The province's prestigious classical colleges, which were the scientists' principal target for reform, privileged an inductive view of science that had little in common with the applied, cross-disciplinary emphasis of the general science courses gaining support in English-speaking school systems. In 1934, however, a popular American general science textbook was adopted in a workers' cooperative devoted to adult education. Comparing the fate of general science within these two education systems draws attention to the fact that general science made inroads in francophone Quebec but had little influence in public and private schools. In light of the growing support general science enjoyed elsewhere, we are led to explore why general science met with little overt interest by Quebec scientists pushing for school science reform during the 1930s.

Hoffman, Michelle

2013-04-01

145

question_1411443893 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

146

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Cancer.gov

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147

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Cancer.gov

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148

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Cancer.gov

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149

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Cancer.gov

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150

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Cancer.gov

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151

question_1309952087 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an important question - many cancers such as multiple myeloma are characterized by genomic instability, with new cytogenetic abnormalities, deletions or mutations, and other genetic changes detected as disease progresses.

152

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Cancer.gov

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153

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Cancer.gov

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154

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Cancer.gov

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155

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Cancer.gov

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156

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Cancer.gov

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157

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Cancer.gov

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158

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Cancer.gov

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159

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Cancer.gov

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160

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Cancer.gov

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Cancer.gov

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162

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Cancer.gov

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163

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Cancer.gov

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164

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Cancer.gov

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question_1296786512 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

An exciting development in this area that would be encouraged by attempting to answer this important question, is the connection between the observations of cancer risk modulation by epidemiologists and immune mechanisms that appear to be involved, described by immunologists.

219

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Cancer.gov

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question_1296826063 — Provocative Questions  

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227

NASA Top-level Science Question: What are the effects of gaseous and particulate emissions and climate variability and change on global atmospheric composition,  

E-print Network

NASA Top-level Science Question: What are the effects of gaseous and particulate emissions and climate variability and change on global atmospheric composition, and how will future changes in atmospheric composition affect ozone, climate, and regional/global air quality? Elements of the Science

Christian, Eric

228

Developing a general conceptual framework for avian conservation science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Avian conservation science in North America has produced a variety of monitoring programs designed to provide information on population status of birds. Waterfowl surveys provide population estimates for breeding ducks over most of the continent, the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) provides indexes to population change for >400 breeding bird species, and many other surveys exist that index bird populations at a variety of scales and seasons. However, many fundamental questions about bird population change remain unanswered. I suggest that analyses of monitoring data provide limited understanding of causes of population change, and that the declining species paradigm (Caughley 1994) is sometimes an inefficient approach to increasing our understanding of causes of population change. In North America, the North American Bird Conservation Initiative (NABCI) provides an opportunity to implement alternative approaches that use management, modeling of population responses to management, and monitoring in combination to increase our understanding of bird populations. In adaptive resources management, modeling provides predictions about consequences of management, and monitoring data allow us to assess the population consequences of management. In this framework, alternative hypotheses about response of populations to management can be evaluated by formulating a series of models with differing structure, and management and monitoring provide information about which model best predicts population response.

Sauer, J.R.

2003-01-01

229

Student Questioning Educational Outreach  

E-print Network

Student Questioning Educational Outreach Dr. Dan Steinberg Kimberly Carroll #12;What is PUMA? 19 of discussing why questioning is important, how research classes(like PUMA) differ from previous science classes the development of high school students questions(PUMA) using our own rubric Teach the students the importance

Petta, Jason

230

question_1410159378 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

231

question_1296796037 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

If this important question is answered we would be able to develop a highly tailored therapeutic approach for cancers. Actually, inflammatory type of the anti-tumor immune response such as IFN-g can also induce initial tumor inhibition but eventual tumor escape and progression.

232

question_1411052731 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question is epidemiologic but prevention is better than cure. Since both ovarian low and high grade serous carcinomas originate from the distal fallopian tube, wouldn’t (large- scale) snipping of the fimbrial end of both tubes at the time of tubectomy (with informed consent) prevent the majority of serous carcinomas developing over time?

233

The science\\/technology interaction: Implications for science literacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science literacy includes understanding technology. This raises questions about the role of technology in science education as well as in general education. To explore these questions, this article begins with a brief history of technology education as it relates to science education and discusses how new conceptions of science and technological literacy are moving beyond the dichotomies that formerly characterized

Fernando Cajas

2001-01-01

234

International Amaldi Conferences of Academies of Sciences and National Scientific Societies on Scientific Questions of Global Security  

E-print Network

on Scientific Questions of Global Security on Scientific Questions of Global Security 14-16 March 2008, DESY, Hamburg and National Scientific Societies on Scientific Questions of Global Security March 14-16, 2008, Hamburg

235

Welcome to Provocative Questions: The Unanswered Questions in Cancer Research — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

The provocative questions initiative has assembled a list of 20 important questions from the research community to stimulate the NCI's research communities to use laboratory, clinical and population sciences in especially effective and imaginative ways to answer the questions.

236

SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 239 OFFICE: Physical Sciences 100 and 103  

E-print Network

SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 239 OFFICE: Physical Sciences 100 and 103 TELEPHONE: 619-594-5386 E), Shackelford (Physics, Emeritus) Sweedler (Physics/International Programs), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences is on the physical environmental sciences, some coursework is required in biology, computer science, geography

Gallo, Linda C.

237

Roadmap: Political Science General -Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-POL-GENL  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Political Science ­ General - Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-POL-GENL] College of Arts and Sciences Department of Political Science Catalog Year: 2012­2013 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 8-May-12/LNHD Core Summary on page 2 Kent Core Requirement 3 Semester Four: [15-17 Credit Hours] Political Science

Sheridan, Scott

238

Roadmap: Political Science General -Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-POL-GENL  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Political Science ­ General - Bachelor of Arts [AS-BA-POL-GENL] College of Arts and Sciences Department of Political Science Catalog Year: 2013-2014 Page 1 of 3 | Last Updated: 30-Sept-13 Four: [15-17 Credit Hours] Political Science Elective (upper division) 6 See note on page 2 Foreign

Sheridan, Scott

239

Sem. Chemistry Materials Science Electrical Engineering Miscellaneous CP Introduction to General Chemistry,  

E-print Network

Sem. Chemistry Materials Science Electrical Engineering Miscellaneous CP Introduction to General & Inorganic Materials Chemistry (4 CP) Energy Science and Technology I (5 CP) Surfaces/Interfaces/ Heterogen. Catalysis/ Electrocatalysis (5 CP) Materials Science II (5 CP) Energy Science and Technology II ( 5 CP

Pfeifer, Holger

240

question_1332002134 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

241

Computing Life: National Institute of General Medical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Computers are embedded in much of what we do, whether it's a form of instant communication or the navigation of city streets via a GPS unit. Computers have also proved to be extremely useful to scientific researchers, a fact not lost on the people at the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS). The NIGMS has created this virtual online booklet titled "Computing Life" in order to inform young people about the various scientific and medical careers that are open to them and to educate people more generally about the role of computers in scientific inquiry and discovery. The homepage features a set of "Featured Topics" that contains video clips of researchers talking about their work, interactive games, and role-playing exercises. These intriguing topics include "Movie Mania", "The Next Top Protein Model", and "Made Possible By"". In the "Web Extras" area, visitors can watch short films (including a simulation of potential pandemic flu in the United States), listen and watch interviews, and take a crack at a crossword puzzle. Visitors who get hooked on the site may wish to sign up to receive updates via their RSS feed.

242

Using the Science Writing Heuristic in the General Chemistry Laboratory to Improve Students' Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis describes the effects of using the science writing heuristic (SWH) in the general chemistry laboratory on the students' academic performance. The technique has found to be extremely important factor in a student's learning process and achievement in science.

Poock, Jason R.; Burke, K. A.; Greenbowe, Thomas J.; Hand, Brian M.

2007-01-01

243

SDSU General Catalog 2013-2014 239 Environmental Sciences  

E-print Network

), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences) Offered by the College of Sciences Major in environmental sciences to concentrate more on the biological aspects of the environment, should consider the ecology emphasis offered-changing environmental science job market. It will also be an excellent undergraduate major for students planning to go

Gallo, Linda C.

244

SDSU General Catalog 2012-2013 237 Environmental Sciences  

E-print Network

), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences) Offered by the College of Sciences Major in environmental sciences to concentrate more on the biological aspects of the environment, should consider the ecology emphasis offered-changing environmental science job market. It will also be an excellent undergraduate major for students planning to go

Gallo, Linda C.

245

SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 235 Environmental Sciences  

E-print Network

), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences) Offered by the College of Sciences Major in environmental sciences to concentrate more on the biological aspects of the environment, should consider the ecology emphasis offered-changing environmental science job market. It will also be an excellent undergraduate major for students planning to go

Gallo, Linda C.

246

232 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 Environmental Sciences  

E-print Network

), Thorbjarnarson (Geological Sciences) Offered by the College of Sciences Major in environmental sciences to concentrate more on the biological aspects of the environment, should consider the ecology emphasis offered-changing environmental science job market. It will also be an excellent undergraduate major for students planning to go

Gallo, Linda C.

247

question_1303305591 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an outstanding and intellectually-stimulating question which introduces a new way to translate more effectively metastasis research to the clinic. It is certainly worth exploring and badly needed. because, if positive, drugs could be immediately useful to help defined populations of patients. Per points, we agree that these are limited metastasis groups; however, results could at minimum justify moving forward to full adjuvant trials. Worthy cause given the "bottleneck" we experience nowadays since drugs are mostly not tested in metastasis prevention.

248

On the Meaning of Element in the Science of Italic Tradition, the Question of Physical Objectivity (and/or Physical Meaning) and Quantum Mechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is questioned: Is quantum mechanics a new science or a new (or rather old) philosophy of physical science? It is shown that Einstein's attempt in his article of 1935 to bring the concept of "element" from the classical (we call it Italic) philosophical-epistemological tradition, which goes under the names of Pythagoras Parmenides, Democritus, and Newton, into quantum mechanical theory is unclear, inadequate and contradictory.

Boscarino, Giuseppe

2006-06-01

249

Can Science Education Research Give an Answer to Questions posed by History of Science and Technology? The Case of Steam Engine's Measurement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the principle of virtual velocities, if on a simple machine in equilibrium we suppose a slight virtual movement, then the ratio of weights or forces equals the inverse ratio of velocities or displacements. The product of the weight raised or force applied multiplied by the height or displacement plays a central role there. British engineers used the same product in the eighteenth century in order to measure steam engines’ effectiveness. The question is whether this measure was obviously empirical or had its origin in theory of mechanics and particularly in the principle of virtual velocities. According to science education research, this measure is not likely to have arisen intuitively and most probably could not have been formulated without any acquaintance with theory of mechanics.

Kanderakis, Nikos E.

2009-09-01

250

Assessing General Education Science Courses: A Portfolio Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the use of portfolios to assess student performance in K-12 science classrooms and to monitor the training of preservice science teachers is increasingly common, their implementation in undergraduate science courses is still limited. The work presented here represents one in-depth example of the integration of portfolio assessment into…

Offerdahl, Erika; Impey, Chris

2012-01-01

251

360 SDSU General Catalog 2012-2013 Natural Science  

E-print Network

/physical science. The Major The physical science major is offered as an interdisciplinary approach to the study of both interdisciplinary science and physics. One of the requirements for acceptance into the College program in part requires certification of subject matter competency by this program. This certification

Gallo, Linda C.

252

366 SDSU General Catalog 2013-2014 Natural Science  

E-print Network

. The Major The physical science major is offered as an interdisciplinary approach to the study of science interdisciplinary science and physics. One of the requirements for acceptance into the College of Education's post of subject matter competency by this program. This certification requires completion of the academic program

Gallo, Linda C.

253

356 SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 Natural Science  

E-print Network

. The Major The physical science major is offered as an interdisciplinary approach to the study of science interdisciplinary science and physics. One of the requirements for acceptance into the College of Education's post of subject matter competency by this program. This certification requires completion of the academic program

Gallo, Linda C.

254

BachelorofArts GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences  

E-print Network

Social Science (Psychology 1000 may be included*) Sociology - all courses Women's Studies - all courses not be included) Political Science - all courses designated Social Science Psychology - all courses designated Note: Students who select Women's Studies as one of the disciplinary streams must include: Women

Seldin, Jonathan P.

255

BachelorofArts GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences  

E-print Network

(Psychology 1000 may be included*) Sociology - all courses Women's Studies - all courses Note: Students who Science - all courses designated Social Science Psychology - all courses designated Social Science select Women's Studies as one of the disciplinary streams must include: Women's Studies 2000 - Issues

Seldin, Jonathan P.

256

question_1309956298 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Cell culture, the propagation of cells in artificial environment conducive to growth, has become one of the major tools in life sciences. Human cells grown in laboratory, subjected to various (single or multiple) perturbations, are serving well in elucidating physico-biochemical mechanisms of response in investigations of physiology and biochemistry. In addition, cell strains and cell lines have extensively been used to identify molecular markers of disease, and recent advances in cell culture have facilitated propagating stem cells for clinical and research purposes.

257

Twenty-six key research questions in urban stream ecology: an assessment of the state of the science  

EPA Science Inventory

Although urban streams have been the focus of much research activity in recent years, there remain many unanswered questions about the mechanisms driving the ?urban stream syndrome.? Identification of these key research questions is an important step toward effective, efficient ...

258

Delta Science Program Brown Bag Series Presents For questions, contact Gina Ford at (916) 445-0464 or Gina.Ford@deltacouncil.ca.gov  

E-print Network

Delta Science Program Brown Bag Series Presents For questions, contact Gina Ford at (916) 445-0464 or Gina.Ford@deltacouncil.ca.gov Habitat Characteristics that Made Delta Landscapes Unique: Perspectives the Delta, where native conditions have been absent for generations, historical ecology offers insight

259

Question Builder  

MedlinePLUS

... Tips and Tools || Question Builder Text Size: Question Builder Be prepared for your next medical appointment. Create ... is important to be prepared. With the Question Builder, it is easy. Step 1: Choose the kind ...

260

Science in Your Watershed - General Introduction and Hydrologic Definitions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users can study an introduction to hydrologic techniques, questions, and processes. An extensive glossary of terms from the entire field of surface-water hydrology is included. References and a list of links to specific topics are also included.

261

Laboratory "Behavioral and Social Sciences" (Lab III) General Rules for Using the Laboratory  

E-print Network

Laboratory "Behavioral and Social Sciences" (Lab III) General Rules for Using the Laboratory #12;General Rules 1. What the Laboratory is all About The "Behavioral and Social Sciences Laboratory" provides security of the laboratory and ascertain accident prevention measures, 7. the supervision of the safety

262

CURRICULUM GUIDES IN BIOLOGY--LIFE SCIENCE, BIOLOGY--GENERAL, AND BIOLOGY--ADVANCED PLACEMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"BIOLOGY--LIFE SCIENCE" IS GEARED TO STUDENTS OF AVERAGE ABILITY, "BIOLOGY--GENERAL" IS OFFERED FOR THOSE WHO HAVE COMPLETED "BIOLOGY--GENERAL" IN GRADES 10 OR 11 AND WHO WISH TO PURSUE COLLEGE LEVEL STUDY WHILE IN GRADE 12. THE NONTECHNICAL "BIOLOGY--LIFE SCIENCE" HAS OUTLINED UNITS IN ORGANIZING FOOD, ORGAN SYSTEMS, HEALTH, CONTINUANCE OF LIFE,…

WESNER, GORDON E.; AND OTHERS

263

Question Their Answers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brenda Royce has been teaching high school chemistry and physics for nine years, and is currently science department chair at University High School in Fresno, CA, a college prep charter school on the CSU Fresno campus. She also enjoys coaching Science Olympiad, and working with science and math student teachers as a workshop leader and mentor teacher through the Science and Math Education Center at CSUF. Prior to teaching, she worked in analytical and environmental chemistry for several years. Brenda shares with us her strategy of answering students' questions by "questioning their answers."

Royce, Brenda

2004-10-01

264

SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 415 Social Science  

E-print Network

, History, Political Science, Psychology, Religious Studies, Sociology, and Women's Studies. The major aims an interdisci- plinary perspective on the complex relationship between humans and the natural world. Students specialize in Islamic studies choose from specific courses in Arabic, history, political science, religious

Gallo, Linda C.

265

BachelorofArts GeneralMajorintheSocialSciences  

E-print Network

.) Political Science - all courses Psychology - all courses designated Social Science (Psychology 1000 may be included.) Sociology - all courses Women's Studies - all courses Note: Students who select Women's Studies as one of the disciplinary streams must include: Women's Studies 2000 - Issues in Women's Studies Women

Seldin, Jonathan P.

266

On extracting design principles from biology: I. Method-General answers to high-level design questions for bioinspired robots.  

PubMed

When millions of years of evolution suggest a particular design solution, we may be tempted to abandon traditional design methods and copy the biological example. However, biological solutions do not often translate directly into the engineering domain, and even when they do, copying eliminates the opportunity to improve. A better approach is to extract design principles relevant to the task of interest, incorporate them in engineering designs, and vet these candidates against others. This paper presents the first general framework for determining whether biologically inspired relationships between design input variables and output objectives and constraints are applicable to a variety of engineering systems. Using optimization and statistics to generalize the results beyond a particular system, the framework overcomes shortcomings observed of ad hoc methods, particularly those used in the challenging study of legged locomotion. The utility of the framework is demonstrated in a case study of the relative running efficiency of rotary-kneed and telescoping-legged robots. PMID:25643176

Haberland, M; Kim, S

2015-01-01

267

Environmental Science Literacy in Science Education, Biology and Chemistry Majors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions whether biology majors are more environmental science literate than chemistry majors, preservice science teachers, and a general population sample of 1,492 students. Indicates that preservice science teachers are significantly more environmental science literate than chemistry majors, but not more science literate than biology majors.…

Robinson, Mike; Crowther, David

2001-01-01

268

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group XI Natural Science  

E-print Network

method and process of science as a framework. 3. Lab courses engage students in inquiry-based learning maps, and various computer activities. V. Student Learning Goals: Briefly explain how this course will meet the applicable learning goals. See: http

Vonessen, Nikolaus

269

Questioning Strategies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this brief article from the Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin the best practices of questioning strategies are explained. The author illustrates the difference between an open and a closed question and provides examples of the five categories of questions that teachers should be asking. A bibliography of additional resources is included for further study.

2012-01-01

270

Science Anxiety and Gender in Students Taking General Education Science Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Earlier studies [Mallow, J. V. (1994). Gender-related science anxiety: A first binational study. Journal of Science Education and Technology 3: 227–238; Udo, M. K., Ramsey, G. P., Reynolds-Alpert, S., and Mallow, J. V. (2001). Does physics teaching affect gender-based science anxiety? Journal of Science Education and Technology 10: 237–247] of science anxiety in various student cohorts suggested that nonscience majors

M. K. Udo; G. P. Ramsey; J. V. Mallow

2004-01-01

271

Science as a general education: Conceptual science should constitute the compulsory core of multi-disciplinary undergraduate degrees.  

PubMed

It is plausible to assume that in the future science will form the compulsory core element both of school curricula and multi-disciplinary undergraduate degrees. But for this to happen entails a shift in the emphasis and methods of science teaching, away from the traditional concern with educating specialists and professionals. Traditional science teaching was essentially vocational, designed to provide precise and comprehensive scientific knowledge for practical application. By contrast, future science teaching will be a general education, hence primarily conceptual. Its aim should be to provide an education in flexible rationality. Vocational science teaching was focused on a single-discipline undergraduate degree, but a general education in abstract systematic thinking is best inculcated by studying several scientific disciplines. In this sense, 'science' is understood as mathematics and the natural sciences, but also the abstract and systematic aspects of disciplines such as economics, linguistics, music theory, history, sociology, political science and management science. Such a wide variety of science options in a multi-disciplinary degree will increase the possibility of student motivation and aptitude. Specialist vocational science education will progressively be shifted to post-graduate level, in Masters and Doctoral programs. A multi-disciplinary and conceptually-based science core curriculum should provide an appropriate preparation for dealing with the demands of modern societies; their complex and rapidly changing social systems; and the need for individual social and professional mobility. Training in rational conceptual thinking also has potential benefits to human health and happiness, since it allows people to over-ride inappropriate instincts, integrate conflicting desires and pursue long-term goals. PMID:16368198

Charlton, Bruce G

2006-01-01

272

Why can't you scientists leave things alone? Science questioned in British films of the post-war period (1945-1970).  

PubMed

Considerable attention has been paid to the representation of scientists as villains in horror and science fiction films, and to the part this has played in creating the public perception of scientists. But science and scientists have also been represented in films which do not fit readily with the conventions of these genres, and these "mainstream" films allow a more detailed investigation of the public perception of science at the time they were made. This paper examines a number of British mainstream films portraying scientists and science from the period 1945-1970 to see in what ways the conduct of science was being questioned. A concern with the political control of science and the resulting secrecy is evident in a number of the films. The criticism of scientists seems to come from two contradictory directions. Scientists were either seen as too detached and unconcerned about the consequences of their work, or they were too emotional and insufficiently objective. This is in part explained by newer, less deferential attitudes to science co-existing with the older, heroic view during the period under study. PMID:11774889

Jones, R

2001-10-01

273

Building a Dental Sciences Collection in a General Academic Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the web and print resources used in selecting material for a dental sciences collection in an academic library at a public university without a medical library. The process of creating a collection quickly and with limited resources is described, from the initial collection assessment to the decision-making processes…

Stowers, Eva; Galbraith, Gillian

2004-01-01

274

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group XI Natural Science  

E-print Network

students in inquiry-based learning activities where they formulate a hypothesis, design an experiment to show how the process of science is specifically used to learn about the animal group of interest. IV involved V. Student Learning Goals: Briefly explain how this course will meet the applicable learning goals

Vonessen, Nikolaus

275

414 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 Social Science  

E-print Network

Indian Studies, Anthropology, Chicana and Chicano Studies, Econom- ics, Geography, History, Political perspective on the complex relationship between humans and the natural world. Students in the emphasis specialize in Islamic studies choose from specific courses in Arabic, history, political science, religious

Gallo, Linda C.

276

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group XI Natural Science  

E-print Network

a discipline in the natural sciences and demonstrate how the scientific method is used within the discipline, the ability of plants to sense the environment) exposes students to the scientific method. Exposure to the scientific method is emphasized in the laboratory portion where students conduct experiments with clear

Vonessen, Nikolaus

277

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group VII Social Science  

E-print Network

, development and functioning of organizations in a variety of contexts. The course surveys current social of theories to case studies. In addition, students are exposed to social science research and methods, structure and historical development of organizations from a communication perspective. use theory

Vonessen, Nikolaus

278

77 FR 62245 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences Notice of Closed Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...California, Los Angeles, Warren Hall, 11-151, 900 Veteran Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, 310-206-0909, lslice@mednet.ucla.edu. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Initial Review Group; Training and Workforce...

2012-10-12

279

76 FR 32980 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Review of Microbial Communities Grant Applications. Date: June 27-28, 2011. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

2011-06-07

280

75 FR 30410 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Dynamics of Host-Associated Microbial Communities (R01). Date: June 24, 2010. Time: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

2010-06-01

281

75 FR 63497 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...invasion of personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Wound Healing Center Grant. Date: November 9, 2010. Time: 12 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant...

2010-10-15

282

76 FR 10911 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel; Research Centers in Wound Healing. Date: March 22, 2011. Time: 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Agenda: To review and evaluate grant applications....

2011-02-28

283

Learning to Question: The Roles of Multiple Hypotheses, Successive Approximations, Balloons and Toilet Paper in University Science Programs of Southwestern Amazonia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Learning to question is essential for determining pathways of conservation and development in southwestern Amazonia during a time of rapid global environmental change. Teaching such an approach in graduate science programs in regional universities can be done using play-acting and simulation exercises. Multiple working hypotheses help students learn to question their own research results and expert witnesses. The method of successive approximations enables students to question the results of complex calculations, such as estimates of forest biomass. Balloons and rolls of toilet paper provide means of questioning two-dimensional representations of a three-dimensional Earth and the value of pi. Generation of systematic errors can illustrate the pitfalls of blind acceptance of data. While learning to question is essential, it is insufficient by itself; students must also learn how to be solutionologists in order to satisfy societal demands for solutions to environmental problems. A little irreverence can be an excellent didactic tool for helping students develop the skills necessary to lead conservation and development efforts in the region.

Brown, I. Foster

2008-06-01

284

Proposed Provocative Questions — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

View all of the questions that have been submitted and see how they have been evaluated by peers. Submit your own evaluation of a submitted question, or leave a comment about a question (commenting requires log in or creation of your own PQ account).

285

IFLA General Conference, 1984. Special Libraries Division. Section on Social Science Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The two papers in this document on social science libraries were presented at the 1984 IFLA general conference. In "Library and Continuing Education with Implications for Developing Countries: A Research Essay," David R. Bender (United States) examines factors impacting upon the skills necessary for effective librarianship in the social sciences,…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

286

150 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 In the College of Sciences  

E-print Network

biology. Emphasis in ecology. Emphasis in evolution and systematics. Emphasis in marine biology. Emphasis Biology, Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, Marine Biology, and Zoology. Special studies opportunities150 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 Biology In the College of Sciences OFFICE: Life Sciences 104

Gallo, Linda C.

287

Lancaster General College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes this school building, including the educational context and design goals. Includes information on the architects and construction team, a general building description, and a case study of construction costs and specifications. Also includes the floor plan and photographs. (EV)

Design Cost Data, 2003

2003-01-01

288

Assessing the prevalence of non-medical prescription opioid use in the Canadian general adult population: evidence of large variation depending on survey questions used  

PubMed Central

Background Morbidity and mortality related to Prescription Opioid Analgesics (POAs) have been rising sharply in North America. Non-Medical Prescription Opioid Use (NMPOU) in the general population is a key indicator of POA-related harm, yet the role of question item design for best NMPOU prevalence estimates in general population surveys is unclear, and existing NMPOU survey data for Canada are limited. Methods We tested the impact of different NMPOU question items by comparing an item in the 2008 and 2009 (N?=?2,017) samples of the CAMH Monitor surveys – an Ontario adult general population survey – with a newly developed item used in the 2010 (N?=?2,015) samples of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) Monitor surveys. To control for a potential difference in the population demographics between surveys, we adjusted for gender, age, region, income, prescription opioid use, cigarette smoking, weekly binge drinking, cannabis use in the past three months, and psychological distress in our analyses. Results The prevalence of NMPOU as measured by the 2008 and 2009 CAMH monitor (2.0% [95% CI: 1.2% to 2.8%]) was significantly different when compared to the prevalence of NMPOU as measured by the 2010 CAMH monitor (7.7% [95% CI: 6.3% to 9.2%]) (p?general population, even though these estimates are needed to guide and implement targeted interventions. Given the current substantial morbidity and mortality impact of NMPOU, there is an urgent need to systematically develop, validate and standardize NMPOU items for future general population surveys in Canada. PMID:23286378

2013-01-01

289

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group XI Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

of circular motion and torques, and measurement of the speed of sound, which all use instruments and materials typical of physics research laboratories. Analysis of measurements and interpretation of results will understand the general principles associated with the discipline(s) studied. Newton's laws of mechanics

Vonessen, Nikolaus

290

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group XI Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

of circular motion and torques, and measurement of the speed of sound, which all use instruments and materials typical of physics research laboratories. Analysis of measurements and interpretation of results will understand the general principles associated with the discipline(s) studied. Maxwell's electromagnetic theory

Vonessen, Nikolaus

291

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group XI Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

of the speed of sound, which all use instruments and materials typical of physics research laboratories. Analysis of measurements and interpretation of results is stressed. V. Student Learning Goals: Briefly://www.umt.edu/facultysenate/ASCRCx/Adocuments/GE_Criteria5-1-08.htm #12;1. Students will understand the general principles associated with the discipline

Vonessen, Nikolaus

292

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group XI Natural Sciences  

E-print Network

, exploration of circular motion and torques, and measurement of the speed of sound, which all use instruments and materials typical of physics research laboratories. Analysis of measurements and interpretation of results will understand the general principles associated with the discipline(s) studied. The principles of thermodynamics

Vonessen, Nikolaus

293

PROBABILITY ESTIMATES OF THE CAPACITIES OF INTERMEDIATE PUPILS TO UNDERSTAND SELECTED PHYSICAL SCIENCE GENERALIZATIONS. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE CAPACITY OF INTERMEDIATE PUPILS TO UNDERSTAND AND RETAIN GENERALIZATIONS RELATED TO SIMPLE MACHINES, ELECTRICAL ENERGY, AND HEAT ENERGY WAS INVESTIGATED. A STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLE OF APPROXIMATELY 1,200 FOURTH, FIFTH, AND SIXTH GRADE PUPILS WAS SELECTED FROM THE METROPOLITAN DETROIT AREA. GENERALIZATIONS FOR THE THREE PHYSICAL SCIENCE AREAS…

SMITH, GARY R.

294

The Generalized Principle of the Golden Section and its applications in mathematics, science, and engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “Dichotomy Principle” and the classical “Golden Section Principle” are two of the most important principles of Nature, Science and also Art. The Generalized Principle of the Golden Section that follows from studying the diagonal sums of the Pascal triangle is a sweeping generalization of these important principles. This underlies the foundation of “Harmony Mathematics”, a new proposed mathematical direction.

A. P. Stakhov

2005-01-01

295

Brookhaven National Laboratory/ Photon Sciences Subject: Frequently Asked Questions about Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSAS 18001)  

E-print Network

Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSAS 18001) Number: PS-ESH-0060 Revision: 2 Effective: 6 Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSAS 18001) Background: Everyone benefits from having a safe of accomplishing this objective. Question 1 - What is an Occupational Safety and Health Management System

Homes, Christopher C.

296

A Study of the Development of the Skill of Effective Questioning by Prospective Secondary School Science Teachers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 1 of two publications reports a study which assessed the effectiveness of a college preservice instructional procedure in developing questioning skill in prospective teachers. Problems also investigated included transfer of this skill to the student teaching experience, and the relationship of selected personality factors (intelligence, sex,…

Blosser, Patricia E.

297

Using science centers to expose the general public to the microworld  

SciTech Connect

Despite the remarkable progress in the past decades in understanding our Universe, we particle physicists have failed to communicate the wonder, excitement, and beauty of these discoveries to the general public. I am sure all agree there is a need, if our support from public funds is to continue at anywhere approximating the present level, for us collectively to educate and inform the general public of what we are doing and why. Informal science education and especially science and technology centers can play an important role in efforts to raise public awareness of particle physics in particular and of basic research in general. Science Centers are a natural avenue for particle physicists to use to communicate with and gain support from the general public.

Malamud, E. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)]|[Science and Technology Interactive Center, Aurora, IL (United States)

1994-08-01

298

Using the science writing heuristic approach as a tool for assessing and promoting students' conceptual understanding and perceptions in the general chemistry laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis reports on a study that examined the impact of implementing SWH (inquiry-based approach) in a general chemistry lab on non-science-major students' understanding of chemistry concepts and students' perceptions toward writing in science and implementing SWH. This study was conducted in a large university in the Midwest of the United States in a college freshman chemistry laboratory for non-science-major students. The research framework is presented including the following: the qualitative research design with the observation as data collection method for this design and the criteria for teacher level of implementation and the ranking mechanism; and the quantitative research design with data collection and analysis methods including pre- and post-conceptual exams, lecture question, open-ended surveys. This research was based on a quasi-experimental mixed-method design a focus on student performance on higher order conceptual questions, and open-ended survey at the end of semester about their perception toward writing to learn ad implementing SWH. Results from the qualitative and quantitative component indicated that implementing SWH approach has notably enhanced both male and female conceptual understanding and perception toward chemistry and implementing SWH. It is known that there is gender gap in science, where female have lower perception and self confident toward science. Interestingly, my findings have showed that implementing SWH helped closing the gap between male and female who started the semester with a statistically significant lower level of conceptual understanding of chemistry concepts among females than males.

Mohammad, Elham Ghazi

299

Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

300

Composing questions  

E-print Network

This dissertation motivates a new syntax and semantics for simplex and multiple wh-questions, concentrating on English and German data. The proposed theory combines Cable's (2007; 2010) Q-based syntax for wh-movement and ...

Kotek, Hadas

2014-01-01

301

Quick Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity provides an introduction to data analysis. The instructor poses a simple multiple choice question for the children to answer. Students are then prompted to answer questions about the data such as which answer is most common, which least common. Variations for presenting the data as a bar graph and using the data to make predictions are included. Students should have basic reading and writing skills.

2010-01-01

302

Asking the Right Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a student teacher at Nottingham Trent University, the author explored the issues surrounding children asking investigable questions in science and the repertoire of strategies that could be employed by teachers in the classroom to support this process. His project was carried out in an inner-city primary school in Nottingham. The four focus…

Lord, Rob

2011-01-01

303

Provocative Questions feedback — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

304

Science in the General Educational Development (GED) curriculum: Analyzing the science portion of GED programs and exploring adult students' attitudes toward science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The General Educational Development (GED) tests enable people to earn a high school equivalency diploma and help them to qualify for more jobs and opportunities. Apart from this main goal, GED courses aim at enabling adults to improve the condition of their lives and to cope with a changing society. In today's world, science and technology play an exceedingly important role in helping people better their lives and in promoting the national goals of informed citizenship. Despite the current efforts in the field of secondary science education directed towards scientific literacy and the concept of "Science for all Americans", the literature does not reflect any corresponding efforts in the field of adult education. Science education research appears to have neglected a population that could possibly benefit from it. The purpose of this study is to explore: the science component of GED programs, significant features of the science portion of GED curricula and GED science materials, and adult learners' attitudes toward various aspects of science. Data collection methods included interviews with GED students and instructors, content analysis of relevant materials, and classroom observations. Data indicate that the students in general feel that the science they learn should be relevant to their lives and have direct applications in everyday life. Student understanding of science and interest in it appears to be contingent to their perceiving it as relevant to their lives and to society. Findings indicate that the instructional approaches used in GED programs influence students' perceptions about the relevance of science. Students in sites that use strategies such as group discussions and field trips appear to be more aware of science in the world around them and more enthusiastic about increasing this awareness. However, the dominant strategy in most GED programs is individual reading. The educational strategies used in GED programs generally focus on developing reading skills rather than the internalization of knowledge or influencing attitudes. An interesting finding is that GED science materials do attend to the relevance of science in everyday life but students' appreciation of this depends on the strategies employed.

Hariharan, Joya Reena

305

The art and science of searching MEDLINE to answer clinical questions. Finding the right number of articles.  

PubMed

The current medical environment makes information retrieval a matter of practical importance for clinicians. Many avenues present themselves to the clinician, but here we focus on MEDLINE by summarizing the current state of the art and providing an innovative approach for skill enhancement. Because new search engines appear rapidly, we focus on generic principles that can be easily adapted to various systems, even those not yet available. We propose an idealized classification system for the results of a MEDLINE search. Type A searches produce a few articles of high quality that are directly focused on the immediate question. Type B searches yield a large number of articles, some more relevant than others. Type C searches produce few or no articles, and those that are located are not germane. Providing that relevant, high-quality articles do exist, type B and C searches may often be improved with attention to search technique. Problems stem from poor recall and poor precision. The most daunting task lies in achieving the balance between too few and too many articles. By providing a theoretical framework and several practical examples, we prepare the searcher to overcome the following barriers: a) failure to begin with a well-built question; b) failure to use the Medical Subject Headings; c) failure to leverage the relationship between recall and precision; and d) failure to apply proper limits to the search. Thought and practice will increase the utility and enjoyment of searching MEDLINE. PMID:10507188

Allison, J J; Kiefe, C I; Weissman, N W; Carter, J; Centor, R M

1999-01-01

306

An Informative Interactive Question and Answer Page on Internet Ethics, C...merce Ethics, Web Ethics, Medical Ethics and Other General Ethical Issues An Informative Interactive Question and Answer Page on  

E-print Network

Page on Internet Ethics, Computer Ethics, Cyber Ethics, E-Commerce Ethics, Web Ethics, Business Ethics Information in the Twenty-First Century Jewish Business Ethics From Amazon.com httpAn Informative Interactive Question and Answer Page on Internet Ethics, C...merce Ethics, Web

Redmiles, David F.

307

CROSS-DISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Evolutionary Self-Questioning Games with Local Contribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the evolutionary Prisoner's Dilemma and the Snowdrift Game on small-world networks in a realistic social context where individuals consider their local contributions to their group and update their strategies by self-questioning. An individual with introspection can determine whether its current strategy is superior by playing a virtual round of the game and its local contribution is defined as the sum of all the payoffs its neighbors collect against it. In our model, the performance of an individual is determined by both its payoff and local contribution through a linear combination. We demonstrate that the present mechanism can produce very robust cooperative behavior in both games. Furthermore, we provide theoretical analysis based on mean-field approximation, and find that the analytical predictions are qualitatively consistent with the simulation results.

Liu, Yong-Kui; Li, Zhi; Chen, Xiao-Jie; Wang, Long

2009-08-01

308

Questor's Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questor is a curious little bird whose four broad questions are helpful to anyone interested in making art or understanding the art of others. He was designed as a character in an online video for children, "Building on a River: Questor's Tale." The video is narrated by Questor, who relates the 2000 year history of architecture along the Salt…

Erickson, Mary; Dock, Michelle Nichols; Eldridge, Laurie

2009-01-01

309

Effects of Active Learning on Enhancing Student Critical Thinking in an Undergraduate General Science Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To enhance students' critical thinking in an undergraduate general science course, we designed and implemented active learning modules by incorporating group-based learning with authentic tasks, scaffolding, and individual reports. This study examined the levels of critical thinking students exhibited in individual reports and the students'…

Kim, Kyoungna; Sharma, Priya; Land, Susan M.; Furlong, Kevin P.

2013-01-01

310

77 FR 33471 - National Institute of General Medical Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute of General Medical Sciences Special Emphasis Panel, Review of Microbial Communities Grant Applications. Date: June 26, 2012. Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Agenda: To review and...

2012-06-06

311

Using Self-Reflection to Increase Science Process Skills in the General Chemistry Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Self-reflection is a tool of instruction that has been used in the science classroom. Research has shown great promise in using video as a learning tool in the classroom. However, the integration of self-reflective practice using video in the general chemistry laboratory to help students develop process skills has not been done. Immediate video…

Veal, William R.; Taylor, Dawne; Rogers, Amy L.

2009-01-01

312

Primary School Science: Implementation of Domain-General Strategies into Teaching Didactics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study we present a didactic method to help children aged 11 and 12 learn science in such a way as to enable a dynamic interaction between domain general strategies and the development of conceptual knowledge, whilst each type of scientific process has been considered (forming of hypotheses, experimenting and evaluating). We have…

Dejonckheere, Peter J. N.; Van de Keere, Kristof; Tallir, Isabel; Vervaet, Stephanie

2013-01-01

313

148 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 In the College of Sciences  

E-print Network

of our graduates find employment in industry, with astronomical observatories, or with government- cians. Some of our graduates pursue advanced degrees. Employment opportunities for astronomers who have148 SDSU General Catalog 2010-2011 Astronomy In the College of Sciences OFFICE: Physics

Gallo, Linda C.

314

Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV: Engaging K-12 Educators, Students, and the General Public in Space Science Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The session "Engaging K-12 Educators, Students, and the General Public in Space Science Exploration" included the following reports:Training Informal Educators Provides Leverage for Space Science Education and Public Outreach; Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education: K-12 Teacher Retention, Renewal, and Involvement in Professional Science; Telling the Tale of Two Deserts: Teacher Training and Utilization of a New Standards-based, Bilingual E/PO Product; Lindstrom M. M. Tobola K. W. Stocco K. Henry M. Allen J. S. McReynolds J. Porter T. T. Veile J. Space Rocks Tell Their Secrets: Space Science Applications of Physics and Chemistry for High School and College Classes -- Update; Utilizing Mars Data in Education: Delivering Standards-based Content by Exposing Educators and Students to Authentic Scientific Opportunities and Curriculum; K. E. Little Elementary School and the Young Astronaut Robotics Program; Integrated Solar System Exploration Education and Public Outreach: Theme, Products and Activities; and Online Access to the NEAR Image Collection: A Resource for Educators and Scientists.

2004-01-01

315

Research Questions and Hypotheses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This first section guides students to ask testable questions, and formulate hypotheses and null hypotheses. Students also become familiar with the parts of a science research report. This structure reinforces the concepts of quantitative observations and comparative research. It also sets the stage for doing statistical testing. At the end of the first section, students are ready to ask a research question and formulate hypotheses for their Long-Term Research Projects (LTRP). Students finish the section by drafting the introduction paragraphs for their LTRP poster presentations. In this free section you will find Lesson 1--Ooze Observations, an Introduction and the Table of Contents.

Ashley Steel

2001-01-01

316

Interview Questions with Bentham Scientific  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

John Mather answers questions for an interview for the Bentham Science Newsletter. He covers topics ranging from his childhood, his professional career and his thoughts on research, technology and today's scientists and engineers.

Mather, John C.

2013-01-01

317

General Education Engagement in Earth and Planetary Science through an Earth-Mars Analog Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The successes of NASA rovers on Mars and new remote sensing imagery at unprecedented resolution can awaken students to the valuable application of Earth analogs to understand Mars processes and the possibilities of extraterrestrial life. Mars For Earthlings (MFE) modules and curriculum are designed as general science content introducing a pedagogical approach of integrating Earth science principles and Mars imagery. The content can be easily imported into existing or new general education courses. MFE learning modules introduce students to Google Mars and JMARS software packages and encourage Mars imagery analysis to predict habitable environments on Mars drawing on our knowledge of extreme environments on Earth. "Mars Mission" projects help students develop teamwork and presentation skills. Topic-oriented module examples include: Remote Sensing Mars, Olympus Mons and Igneous Rocks, Surface Sculpting Forces, and Extremophiles. The learning modules package imagery, video, lab, and in-class activities for each topic and are available online for faculty to adapt or adopt in courses either individually or collectively. A piloted MFE course attracted a wide range of non-majors to non-degree seeking senior citizens. Measurable outcomes of the piloted MFE curriculum were: heightened enthusiasm for science, awareness of NASA programs, application of Earth science principles, and increased science literacy to help students develop opinions of current issues (e.g., astrobiology or related government-funded research). Earth and Mars analog examples can attract and engage future STEM students as the next generation of earth, planetary, and astrobiology scientists.

Chan, M. A.; Kahmann-Robinson, J. A.

2012-12-01

318

Computational Math, Science, and Technology (C-MST) Approach to General Ed  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this paper, we present a computational approach to teaching general education courses that expose students to science and computing principles in engaging contexts, including modeling and simulation, games, and history. The courses use scalable curriculum modules organized in layers of increasing difficulties in order to balance learning challenges and student abilities. We describe the computational pedagogy followed in these modules and courses, with particular attention to the simulation-based course, namely introduction to computational science, to present a case study for those considering similar initiatives.

Yasar, Osman

319

Questions Submitted Online — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Sequencing of natural human tumors is teaching us invaluable lessons. It is becoming clear that the new dogmas created in the post genome era are being questioned. The previously suspected genetic heterogeneity of tumors is now proven on the sequence level. The extreme genetic heterogeneity of individual tumors and the existence of multiple tumors (not metastases) pose fundamental doubt on the prevailing dogma of targeted drug(s) and personalized treatments.

320

Asking Questions, All the Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ability to ask and answer questions while reading is essential to comprehension. This article discusses instructional strategies used to teach questioning and provides many online resources. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which explores the seven essential principles of the climate sciences for teachers in k-grade 5 classrooms.

Jessica Fries-Gaither

321

Exam Question Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two exam questions are presented. One suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in organic chemistry, is on equivalent expressions for the description of several pericyclic reactions. The second, for general chemistry students, asks for an estimation of the rate of decay of a million-year-old Uranium-238 sample. (BB)

Alexander, John J., Ed.

1978-01-01

322

Template for NSF Data Management Plan. In general, the data management plan should answer these two questions: 1) What data is generated by your project? 2) What is your plan for  

E-print Network

questions: 1) What data is generated by your project? 2) What is your plan for managing the data? 1Template for NSF Data Management Plan. In general, the data management plan should answer these two. Expected Data Describe the types of data, samples, physical collections, software, or other material

Collar, Juan I.

323

Science & Safety: Making the Connection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides information on the most commonly asked science safety questions by science teachers primarily at the secondary school level. Topics include the legal responsibilities of a science teacher, a general safety checklist, proper labeling and storing of chemicals, purchasing of new chemicals and disposing of old chemicals, a…

Council of State Science Supervisors, VA.

324

CONCEPTIONS OF THE NATURE OF SCIENCE—ARE THEY GENERAL OR CONTEXT SPECIFIC?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigates the relationship between general and context-specific conceptions of the nature of science (NOS). The\\u000a categorization scheme by Osborne et al. (J Res Sci Teach 40:692–720, 2003) served as the theoretical framework of the study. In the category nature of scientific knowledge, the certainty, development, simplicity, justification, and source of scientific knowledge were distinguished. In the category\\u000a methods

Detlef Urhahne; Kerstin Kremer; Juergen Mayer

2011-01-01

325

Science Education for Everyone: Why and What?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What the author explores in this essay is not so much the "whether" of general science education, but the "why." What exactly constitutes good science education, and how can one recognize when students have received it? Once this question has been answered, the answer to the "what" question--the actual content of the curriculum--is relatively easy…

Trefil, James

2008-01-01

326

196 SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer Science 206H  

E-print Network

Science Doctor of Philosophy degree in computational science. Concentration in statistics. Master of Science degree in computational science. Concentration in professional applications. Certificate for Advanced Degrees) COMP 521. Introduction to Computational Science (3) Prerequisite: Mathematics 151

Gallo, Linda C.

327

BYU HONORS PROGRAM The Great Questions Requirement  

E-print Network

, often provoked by new discoveries and developments in technology (e.g., questions of medical ethics, use, and Humanities Social Sciences, Business, and Education Science (including Nursing), Technology, Engineering

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

328

Critical Questions in Wetland Science  

EPA Science Inventory

Wetlands are transitional between terrestrial and aquatic environments. As such, they perform important ecological functions (e.g., nutrient cycling, flood abatement) providing a variety of ecosystem services on which humans rely. Wetlands are also one of the world’s most e...

329

The effects of question types in textual reading upon retention of biology concepts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Do instructional questions to students enhance learning? If so, do certain types of questions cause greater learning outcomes than others? The area of instructional questions and questioning strategies has generated much research over the past two decades. A number of studies have found instructional questions to account for a large fraction of teaching time (Bellack et al., 1963; Schreiber, 1967; Moyer, 1967). Teacher use of oral questions in instruction, especially higher level cognitive questions, has consistently shown positive effects on student achievement (Redfield & Rousseau, 1981). Questions asked after oral prose presentations in psychology have been found to enhance recall of factual information (Sefkow & Meyers, 1980). Some large teacher training programs have specific instruction in questioning strategies (Lanier & Davis, 1972; Lowery, 1974). Questioning in textual reading has also been investigated, especially in the social sciences and languages, with respect to both the presence of questions in a text and the position and type of such questions. Although there are conflicting results, in general, questions placed within text materials have appeared to cause significantly higher performance than reading the materials without questions (Rothkopf & Bisbicos, 1967; Rothkopf & Bloom, 1970; Watts & Anderson, 1971; Quellmalz, 1972; Reynolds, Standiford, & Anderson, 1979; Corrozi, 1971). Questions placed after the reading have been found to be significantly more productive than prequestions, or questions placed immediately before the reading passages (Rothkopf & Bisbicos, 1967; Frase, Patrick, & Schumer, 1970; Watts & Anderson, 1971). In one study, placing questions before the associated information reduced paragraph reading time from the time required when questions followed the information passage (Morasky & Wilcox, 1970). Finally, higher level cognitive post- and prequestions (comprehensive and application) have consistently produced more learning than recall and factual questions (Watts & Anderson, 1971; Falker, 1974; Rickards, 1974, 1976). The effect of placing questions directly within textual narrative has been much less researched than the issue of placing questions before or after the reading passage. The effect of this interspersed questioning strategy as part of science textbooks is apparently unresearched to date. The purpose of the research reported here was to determine the relative effects of certain question types when these questions were interspersed throughout the reading passage in textual materials for students in university introductory biology. It was hypothesized for experimental purposes that students reading a passage in biology concepts with specific types of interspersed questions would comprehend and retain no more of that passge than students reading the same passage without interspersed questions.

Leonard, William H.; Lowery, Lawrence F.

330

Peer Review-Based Scripted Collaboration to Support Domain-Specific and Domain-General Knowledge Acquisition in Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effectiveness of using peer review in the context of scripted collaboration to foster both domain-specific and domain-general knowledge acquisition in the computer science domain. Using a one-factor design with a script and a control condition, students worked in small groups on a series of computer science problems…

Demetriadis, Stavros; Egerter, Tina; Hanisch, Frank; Fischer, Frank

2011-01-01

331

The Science of Pizza: The Molecular Origins of Cheese, Bread, and Digestion Using Interactive Activities for the General Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We describe a presentation on the science of pizza, which is designed for the general public including children ages 6 and older. The presentation focuses on the science of making and digesting cheese and bread. We highlight 4 major scientific themes: (1) how macromolecules such as carbohydrates and proteins are composed of atoms and small…

Rowat, Amy C.; Rosenberg, Daniel; Hollar, Kathryn A.; Stone, Howard A.

2010-01-01

332

Peer review-based scripted collaboration to support domain-specific and domain-general knowledge acquisition in computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the effectiveness of using peer review in the context of scripted collaboration to foster both domain-specific and domain-general knowledge acquisition in the computer science domain. Using a one-factor design with a script and a control condition, students worked in small groups on a series of computer science problems requiring both domain-specific and domain-general knowledge. The scripted groups

Stavros Demetriadis; Tina Egerter; Frank Hanisch; Frank Fischer

2011-01-01

333

A Twenty-Year Survey of Science Literacy among College Undergraduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First results from a 20-year survey of science knowledge and attitudes toward science among undergraduates are presented. Nearly 10,000 students taking astronomy as part of a general education requirement answered a set of questions that overlap a science literacy instrument administered to the general public by the National Science Foundation.…

Impey, Chris; Buxner, Sanlyn; Antonellis, Jessie; Johnson, Elizabeth; King, Courtney

2011-01-01

334

Teaching and learning the geological knowledge as a part of the science education general field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the early 50s of last century the Teaching of Science has undergone a process of continuous development, (Gutiérrez, 1987; Aliberas, Gutierrez and Izquierdo, 1989) to become a scientific discipline largely accepted as such by many different universities worldwide. Besides, the proliferation of publications, magazines, conferences, symposia, meetings, and so on, proves this assertion. In these publications and meetings the Teaching of Science (or Science Education in more general terms) is addressed as a new field of research, teaching and educational innovation focused on the processes of teaching and learning of the experimental sciences (all of them: Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Geology). The study of this discipline is undertaken from different pedagogical, epistemological, psychological and sociological approaches. From this general perspective we can say that over the last two decades each of the sciences has developed specific characteristics so that, today, we could speak about specific didactics for each one of them. In the case of Geology (or Geoscience) Teaching there have been significant contributions from the following fields of research: the students' prior ideas (constructivist approach), the history of geology (as a subject-specific field) and from epistemology (Pedrinaci, E. 2000). The body of geoscience knowledge has an internal logic (as happens with the other science subjects) that allows us to organize the contents to teach, selecting, arranging and establishing proper relations between them. Still geology has a central, transverse, inter-and transdisciplinary character for its relationship with the other sciences. This character makes it appear as one of the disciplines with a huge potential to combine different methodologies of teaching and learning and different learning models already tested in the research field of Physics, Chemistry or Biology Education. Moreover, the most recent term coined for it "geosciences or earth and space sciences" emphasizes still further such character receiving the contributions of physics, chemistry, biology and environmental science in a kind of scientific-technical mixture which enriches the discipline itself and constitutes a fundamental basis for the evolution of knowledge in its broadest sense (Martinez Frias et al. 2008). In this paper we propose to show some of the experiences and didactic innovations in the teaching of geology found in the scientific literature in recent years and likewise part of an author's own work on the establishment of analogies on the time variable based on Carl Sagan's cosmic calendar. With these analogies we try to approximate geologic times to the understanding of high school and first university courses students (Aguirre-Perez, C. 2008) REFERENCES ALIBERAS, J. GUTIÉRREZ, R. and IZQUIERDO, M. (1989). La Didáctica de las Ciencias: Una empresa racional. Enseñanza de las Ciencias, 7 (3), pp. 227-284. GUTIÉRREZ, R. (1987). Psicología y aprendizaje de las Ciencias. El modelo de Ausubel. Enseñanza de las Ciencias, 5 (2), pp. 118-128. MARTÍNEZ FRÍAS, J. LUNAR, R. RODRÍGUEZ-LOSADA, J.A. EFF-DARWICH, A. and MADERO JARABO, J. (2008)"La Geología en la exploración planetaria (Geology inplanetary exploration). Geo-temas 10, pp. 1621-1624. PEDRINACI, E. (2000): La Enseñanza y el aprendizaje del conocimiento geológico. Didáctica de las Ciencias Experimentales. Teoría y Práctica de la Enseñanza de las ciencias, pp. 479-503. Ed. Marfil.

Aguirre-Pérez, Constancio

2010-05-01

335

A Thematic Review of Interactive Whiteboard Use in Science Education: Rationales, Purposes, Methods and General Knowledge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Turkey and many other countries, the importance of the interactive whiteboard (IWB) is increasing, and as a result, projects and studies are being conducted regarding the use of the IWB in classrooms. Accordingly, in these countries, many issues are being researched, such as the IWB's contribution to the education process, its use in classroom settings and problems that occur when using the IWB. In this context, the research and analysis of studies regarding the use of the IWB have important implications for educators, researchers and teachers. This study aims to review and analyze studies conducted regarding the use of the IWB in the field of science. Accordingly, as a thematic review of the research was deemed appropriate, extant articles available in the literature were analyzed using a matrix that consisted of general features (type of journal, year and demographic properties) and content features (rationales, aims, research methods, samples, data collections, results and suggestions). According to the findings, it was concluded that the studies regarding the use of IWBs were conducted due to deficiencies in the current literature. However, there are rare studies in which the reasons for the research were associated with the nature of science education. There were also studies that focused on the effects of the IWB on student academic success and learning outcomes. Within this context, it is evident that there is a need for further research concerning the use of IWBs in science education and for studies regarding the effect of IWBs on students' skills.

Ormanci, Ummuhan; Cepni, Salih; Deveci, Isa; Aydin, Ozhan

2015-01-01

336

Patient Safety in Tehran University of Medical SciencesGeneral Hospitals, Iran  

PubMed Central

Background It is important to focus on creating opportunities for patients’ participation at all levels of health systems in order to promote their ability to improve patient safety and quality of services. The general aim of this study was to determine patient safety level in Tehran University of Medical Sciences’ (TUMS) general hospitals, Tehran, Iran from patients’ perspective and to determine the contributory factors on their perspective. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. In the spring 2011, the list of clinical departments of the six general hospitals affiliated to TUMS was obtained through the Website of TUMS. By using stratified random sampling, the sample size was calculated 300 patients. Data were collected by using a structured questionnaire and its validity and reliability were acceptable. Descriptive statistics, linear regression and logistic regression were used for analyzing the data. Results: Totally, 60% of patients were female. Patient safety was evaluated high by 60% of respondents. The unmarried or educated or employed individuals tend to score lower than others. Conclusion: TUMS’s general hospitals are enough safe from patients’ perspective, patient safety should be improved. In clinical governance, contributing patients’ perspective to the improvement of patient safety reforms is critical in generating new models of good practice. PMID:23641408

ARAB, Mohammad; AKBARI SARI, Ali; MOVAHED KOR, Elham; HOSSEINI, Mostafa; TOLOUI RAKHSHAN, Shiva; EZATI, Mohammad

2013-01-01

337

Strategic Alignment of the Division of Earth Systems Science at Oregon State University Responses to Comments and Questions from SABRRC, Provost's Council, and Others  

E-print Network

Strategic Alignment of the Division of Earth Systems Science at Oregon State University Responses, education and outreach in 3 major clusters within Earth Systems Science: 1. Fundamental understandings of Earth Systems Science (ESS) at Oregon State University (Agricultural Sciences, Forestry, Oceanic

Escher, Christine

338

A Citizen Empowered Online Platform for Communicating Climate Science to the General Public  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation introduces a project, currently in development, of a new online platform for the interaction between climate scientists and citizen. It consists of an open-access, multi-lingual, and peer-reviewed journal publishing climate articles in non-scientific language. It follows three main long-term objectives. The first objective is to establish an ever-growing, multi-lingual library of climate articles providing a knowledge base on climate sciences accessible for free to everyone. The targeted public includes journalists, teachers, students, local actors (e.g. in politics, economy, agriculture), and any other citizen from around the world with an interest in climate sciences. The second goal is to offer a simple and direct channel for scientists wishing to disseminate their research to the general public. A high standard of climate articles is enforced through: a) requiring that the main author is an active climate scientist, and b) an innovative peer-review process involving scientific and non-scientific referees with distinct roles. The third objective is to engage citizen into the climate science. To this aim, the journal proposes three channels. Firstly, citizens are invited to contribute to the dissemination of climate knowledge to the general public by co-authoring, peer-reviewing or translating articles. Secondly, they are offered the capacity to stimulate scientific enquiry by posting invitations for manuscripts to be written on a citizen-inspired topic. Thirdly, a match-up tool is being developed for scientists to gather non-scientists teams for conducting citizen-involving research projects. This platform is scientist-initiated and is meant to be ruled and managed by the participating individuals themselves (scientists and non-scientists) as an international association. It will be financed through country-varying flat memberships. The project is now starting. The basic ideas are drawn; a prototype internet platform has been developed and is operational. In a first phase, climate scientists (and their friends!) are invited to jump in for free, submit climate articles and help design its development. Once an initial content is in place, the second phase will start consisting in an active promotion campaign to reach at the general public and enroll citizens. In this presentation, I will discuss the basic ideas behind this new online platform, its current state and the plans for the next future.

Bourqui, Michel

2014-05-01

339

A Reconstruction of Structure of the Atom and Its Implications for General Physics Textbooks: A History and Philosophy of Science Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research in science education has recognized the importance of history and philosophy of science. The objective of this study is to evaluate the presentation of the Thomson, Rutherford, and Bohr models of the atom in general physics textbooks based on criteria derived from history and philosophy of science. Forty-one general physics…

Rodriguez, Maria A.; Niaz, Mansoor

2004-01-01

340

A Reconstruction of Structure of the Atom and Its Implications for General Physics Textbooks: A History and Philosophy of Science Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research in science education has recognized the importance of history and philosophy of science. The objective of this study is to evaluate the presentation of the Thomson, Rutherford, and Bohr models of the atom in general physics textbooks based on criteria derived from history and philosophy of science. Forty-one general physics textbooks (all published in the United States) were

María A. Rodríguez; Mansoor Niaz

2004-01-01

341

Methods and successes of New York University workshops for science graduate students and post-docs in science writing for general audiences (readers and radio listeners)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists and science administrators often stress the importance of communication to the general public, but rarely develop educational infrastructures to achieve this goal. Since 2009, the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute at New York University has offered a series of basic and advanced writing workshops for graduate students and post-docs in NYU's eight scientific divisions (neuroscience, psychology, physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, anthropology, and computer science). The basic methodology of the NYU approach will be described, along with successful examples of both written and radio work by students that have been either published or broadcast by general interest journalism outlets.

Hall, S. S.

2012-12-01

342

General Programmatic Terms and Conditions for Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC) Cooperative Agreements  

NSF Publications Database

... Programmatic Terms and Conditions for the Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC ... NSF Grants Officer. 2. Program Description: Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers ...

343

Producing Data Statistics has been the handmaid of science, and has poured a flood of light upon the dark questions of  

E-print Network

upon the dark questions of famine and pestilence, ignorance and crime, disease and death. - James A of confidence across our land a nagging fear that America's decline is inevitable, and that the next generation

Watkins, Joseph C.

344

SDSU General Catalog 2014-2015 269 OFFICE: Geology/Mathematics/Computer Science 237  

E-print Network

: Kimbrough The Rollin and Caroline Eckis Chair in Seismology: Day Professors: Day, Frost, Girty, Kimbrough, SacramentoGrilo Offered by the Department Doctor of Philosophy degree in geophysics. Master of Science degree in geological sciences. Major in geological sciences with the B.S. degree in applied arts and sciences. Emphasis

Gallo, Linda C.

345

Solutions to the "General Grand Unification Problem," and the Questions "How Did Our Universe Come Into Being?" and "Of What is Empty Space Composed?"  

E-print Network

Using mathematical techniques to model one of the most simplistic of human linguistic processes, it is rationally predicted that within the nonstandard physical world (NSP-world) there exists a force-like (logical) operator *S and an entity w' such that *S{w'} sequentially generates each of the Natural systems that comprise a Universe. This model shows specifically that within the NSP-world the behavior of each Natural world Natural system is related logically. Further, the model predicts the rational existence of a single type of entity within the NSP-world's substratum that can be used to construct, by means of an exceptionally simple process, all of the fundamental Natural world particles used within particle physics. In section 11.2, it is shown how (Natural law) allowable perturbations in Natural system behavior are also included within this mathematical model. These results solve the pre-geometry problem of Wheeler. In general, the model predicts that when the behavior of these Universe creating processes is viewed globally, it can be described as apparently mirroring the behavior of an infinitely powerful computer or mind.

Robert A. Herrmann

2015-01-28

346

The Earth Science Education Unit's Professional Development Workshop on "The Carbon Question--Cycling, Releasing, Capturing" for Teachers of Key Stages 3 and 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The revised National Curriculum for Science for key stages 3 and 4 (ages 11-16) in England provides the opportunity to develop a new coherent approach to teaching about the carbon cycle, the use of carbon as a fuel and the resulting issues. The Earth Science Education Unit (ESEU) intends to develop a new workshop to support the teaching of this…

King, Chris

2014-01-01

347

NSF's Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) program Recognizing the value of international partnerships in addressing critical science and engineering questions,  

E-print Network

that supports fundamental, international research and education in physical, living, human, and engineered systems. PIRE awards enable research at the leading edge of science and engineering by facilitating of science and engineering research which are supported by the NSF (including Education research

Finley Jr., Russell L.

348

Study Questions for Geophysics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website hosts over fifty practice questions relating geophysics. Topics covered in these questions include gravity, earthquake waves and seismicity, Earth's structure, geochronology, anomalies, viscosity, and polar wandering.

Susan Slaymaker

349

The Development, Validation and Administration of a Criterion-Referenced Science Battery for General Education Students in Costa Rica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to (1) develop and validate criterion-referenced tests to measure science knowledge of students who finished the fifth grade, as well as those who finished the three cycles of the General Education and (2) to assess the performance on these tests of a national, random sample of fourth-, sixth-, seventh-, and…

Esquivel, Juan M.; Quesada, Lilliana

350

Feeding habit of goats in the scavenging system of Bangladesh Dept of General Animal Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh  

E-print Network

Feeding habit of goats in the scavenging system of Bangladesh MR Alam Dept of General Animal Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh In the mixed farming system goats are reared mostly by the landless farmers to supplement their income. Feeding of goats depend on systems

Boyer, Edmond

351

Proceedings of the XXIXth International Union of Radio Science (URSI) General Assembly, August 9-16, 2008  

E-print Network

in dry snow and firn is primarily controlled by density, wave travel times can be converted to snow depthProceedings of the XXIXth International Union of Radio Science (URSI) General Assembly, August 9). As a result, Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radars have been favored in the majority of previous

Marshall, Hans-Peter

352

Posing Einstein's Question: Questioning Einstein's Pose.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the events surrounding a famous picture of Albert Einstein in which he poses near a blackboard containing a tensor form of his 10 field equations for pure gravity with a question mark after it. Speculates as to the content of Einstein's lecture and the questions he might have had about the equation. (Contains over 30 references.) (WRM)

Topper, David; Vincent, Dwight E.

2000-01-01

353

Frequently Asked Questions: Questions About Paleontology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site asks and answers questions about paleontology, fossils and dinosaurs. Paleontology questions are: What is paleontology? How does paleontology differ from anthropology and archaeology? What are the practical uses of paleontology? How do paleontologists know how old their fossils are? What training is necessary to become a paleontologist? What organizations exist for paleontologists?

2007-01-01

354

QUESTIONS IN CHINESE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS ARTICLE, BASED ON A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH AND CHINESE, IS DESIGNED TO BE USED IN THE PREPARATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR THE PRESENTATION OF QUESTIONS IN THE TEACHING OF CHINESE. QUESTIONS CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO THREE CATEGORIES, ACCORDING TO THEIR FUNCTIONS--(1) PURE QUESTIONS, (2) RHETORICAL QUESTIONS, AND (3)…

TSAO, WEN YEN

355

Please circle the questions with Fifth choice  

E-print Network

Please circle the questions with Surname Given Name E-mail Fifth choice Tenth choice If your a computer from NotePC Reuse Office. Please circle your category Personal Information Supervisor's signature. · Japanese student (Undergraduate, science course) Phone No. #12;Please circle the questions with Surname

Katsumoto, Shingo

356

Processing the Curriculum through Quality Questioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this inquiry-based project, student-generated questions became the basis for student-directed individual and group projects that provided practice with problem solving, critical thinking, and research skills while digging deeper into the Earth science curriculum. The author used her students' high-level questions to provide relevance,…

Gregerson, Jessica

2011-01-01

357

Adults' Learning about Science in Free-Choice Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper synthesizes findings from three studies to answer a general question: What do casual, adult visitors learn about science from their science-related experiences in free-choice settings? Specifically we asked whether there are changes in how people think about science in their daily lives, the nature and use of scientific knowledge, and…

Rennie, Leonie J.; Williams, Gina F.

2006-01-01

358

ANSWERING CONSUMER QUESTIONS ABOUT EGGS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Answering consumer questions is an important aspect of egg marketing. Consumers expect those they contact to be able to address their situation and help find answers. Topics of general consumer concerns include: proper storage, safe handling, food safety, and food quality. With the vast array of ...

359

FAQ: General Questions about West Nile Virus  

MedlinePLUS

... been documented in Europe and the Middle East, Africa, India, parts of Asia, and Australia. It was ... y control Symptoms & Treatment Síntomas y tratamiento Transmission Statistics & Maps Preliminary Maps & Data for 2014 Disease Cases ...

360

For general inquiries, information, or questions, contact  

E-print Network

·Concurrent programming and cloud-based computing ·Data cyberinfrastructure ·Data mining ·Database systems; manufacturing applications ·Distributed and large-scale simulation ·Distributed systems ·Game theory

Linhardt, Robert J.

361

Apollo-Soyuz pamphlet no. 9: General science. [experimental design in Astronomy, Biology, Geophysics, Aeronomy and Materials science  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives and planning activities for the Apollo-Soyuz mission are summarized. Aspects of the space flight considered include the docking module and launch configurations, spacecraft orbits, and weightlessness. The 28 NASA experiments conducted onboard the spacecraft are summarized. The contributions of the mission to the fields of astronomy, geoscience, biology, and materials sciences resulting from the experiments are explored.

Page, L. W.; From, T. P.

1977-01-01

362

Analysis of environmental and general science efficacy among instructors with contrasting class ethnicity distributions: A four-dimensional assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and method of study. The context and nature of self-efficacy beliefs provides a vector upon which to explore science instructors' perceptions of their own competence, self beliefs, and beliefs concerning their students as a function of ethnicity (Pajares, 1996). Currently, available cross-sectional data that concomitantly compares efficacy for environmental and general science curricula among instructors with contrasting class ethnicity distributions (CED) (minority vs. non-minority) is diminutive. Here, a modified research instrument that incorporates the Environmental Education Efficacy Belief Instrument (Sia, 1992), the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument (Riggs & Enochs, 1990), and factors 2 & 3 from the Ohio State Teacher Efficacy Scale (Tschannen-Moran & Hoy, 2001) is employed to create a bi-disciplinary four dimensional assessment that measures personal teacher efficacy (PTE), outcome expectancy (OE), classroom management (CM), and student engagement (SE). Instructors' willingness to, and utilization of, practical instruction to reinforce science learning is also assessed. Findings and conclusions. Overall, efficacy levels for environmental and general science curriculum among instructors with high minority CED (n=22) were consistently lower than that of instructors with high non-minority CED (n = 18); consistently diminished efficacy levels were evidenced upon analysis of CED and all independent variables analyzed. While all four dimensions of efficacy were consistently low for instructors with high minority CED, markedly low mean CM and SE responses were evidenced. A link exists between teacher self-efficacy and the conditions present that impinge on the successful completion of work goals (Metz, 1978). Many studies have examined the lowered-level of minority involvement in environmental careers, issues, and concerns (Taylor, 1989). While all science instructors were willing to utilize outdoor classrooms, markedly lower outdoor classroom utilization was evidenced among instructors with high minority CED. The consistently low efficacy scores referenced herein for science instructors with high minority CED can be utilized to highlight science teacher efficacy as a critical point of concern as well as a crucial factor in tracing the genesis of the minority achievement gap in science. This research provides for the determination of efficacy as a contributive factor within the pathway for substantive rationale underlying the lack of minority representation and achievement within the many disciplines of science.

Taylor, Bryan Keith

363

Provocative Questions new account request — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

364

Zur Frage der Textauswahl in einem Lesekurs fuer die Sozialwissenschaften (On the Question of the Choice of Textbooks in a Course in the Social Sciences)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Passages from three selected samples of textbooks are used to show what requirements are made of textbooks in the social sciences. Some hints are given to the teacher for converting reading suggestions into instructional material. Short texts from Karl Marx are also suggested. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

Apelt, Hans-Peter

1974-01-01

365

Developing cyber-infrastructure for addressing grand challenge questions in Sun-Earth system science: First results of a testbed worldwide online conference series  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Software supporting an online conference series was developed with the purpose of catalyzing interdisciplinary investigations in Sun-Earth system science among large groups of researchers worldwide in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the International Geophysical Year in 2007. Transformative science in this area lies at the edges and intersections of individual elements (the Sun, heliosphere, magnetosphere, ionosphere and atmosphere) whose collective behavior determines the global system response. Continuing progress requires access to a vast developing cyber-infrastructure of large international data sets, high performance computing and advanced visualization. However, it also requires the development of new tools that bring these advances into contact with groups of interdisciplinary and international researchers so they can be used to attack grand challenge science issues in a manner not previously possible. This presentation describes the results of an eGY showcase project to develop a testbed online conference series for this purpose. The conference series is a collaborative effort between the CAWSES, IHY, eGY, ICESTAR, NASA/LWS and NSF Atmospheric Sciences Programs. Lessons learned in developing this first interface, as well as a discussion of key elements and how they worked will be presented.

Kozyra, J. U.; Barnes, R.; Fox, N. J.; Fox, P. A.; Kuznetsova, M. M.; Morrison, D.; Pallamraju, D.; Papitashvili, V.; Ridley, A.; Talaat, E. R.; Weiss, M.; Young, C. A.; Zanetti, L. J.

2006-12-01

366

An Approach to Teaching General Chemistry II that Highlights the Interdisciplinary Nature of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a revised curriculum within the life sciences has been well-established. One strategy to improve student preparation in the life sciences is to redesign introductory courses like biology, chemistry, and physics so that they better reflect their disciplinary interdependence. We describe a medically relevant, context-based approach to…

Sumter, Takita Felder; Owens, Patrick M.

2011-01-01

367

BachelorofHealthSciences/BachelorofManagement PublicHealth/GeneralManagementor  

E-print Network

- Medical Microbiology Health Sciences 2600/Women and Gender Studies 2100 - Women and Health Health Sciences 3450/Psychology 3450 - Applied Statistics for Clinical Practice Psychology 1000 - Basic Concepts of Psychology Psychology 2800 - Social Psychology Sociology 1000 - Introduction to Sociology One of: *Biology

Seldin, Jonathan P.

368

BachelorofHealthSciences/BachelorofManagement PublicHealth/GeneralManagementor  

E-print Network

Microbiology Health Sciences 2600/Women and Gender Studies 2100 - Women and Health Health Sciences 2700/Psychology 3450 - Applied Statistics for Clinical Practice Psychology 1000 - Basic Concepts of Psychology Psychology 2800 - Social Psychology Sociology 1000 - Introduction to Sociology One of: *Biology 1010

Seldin, Jonathan P.

369

Common Questions Why should I soil test?  

E-print Network

, 1066 Bogue St., Room A81 (basement), East Lansing, MI. We are located in the Plant and Soil Science Soil & Plant Nutrient Laboratory Plant and Soil Sciences Building 1066 Bogue Street, Room A81 EastCommon Questions Why should I soil test? Soil testing is an important diagnostic tool to evaluate

Isaacs, Rufus

370

Workshops & Outcomes — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

The participants of the first Provocative Questions meeting supported the idea that the format of small workshops are a useful means to engage in conversations about questions that might stimulate innovative research on various aspects of cancer.

371

High Score... for the Science Bowl.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a "High School Science Bowl" organized by the University of Tennessee at Martin Chapter of American Chemical Society Student Affiliates. The contest consists of two parts: a preliminary written test of 25 objective questions from biology, chemistry, general science and an afternoon session patterned after television's "College Bowl."…

Airee, S. K.; Loebbaka, D. S.

1982-01-01

372

Effects of Tutorial e-Lessons for Hearing Impaired Persons on Motivation Towards Learning (General Science Topic as Case Study)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at studying the effects of e-learning modules of tutorial lessons for Hearing Impaired (HI) students on their motivation towards learning the related subject of tutorial lesson. Lessons pertaining to the topic of General Science for 2nd Standard of Indian Schools have been selected as experimental e-lessons. However these e-lessons were tested by real environment of HI class

Maha A. Al-Bayati; Karim Q. Hussein

373

Exam Question Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acceptable answers are provided for two chemistry questions. The first question is related to the prediction of the appearance of non-first-order proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra. The second question is related to extraterrestrial kinetic theory of gases. (JN)

Alexander, John J., Ed.

1983-01-01

374

Improving Student Question Classification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This paper analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the natural…

Heiner, Cecily; Zachary, Joseph L.

2009-01-01

375

Questions for Surveys  

PubMed Central

We begin with a look back at the field to identify themes of recent research that we expect to continue to occupy researchers in the future. As part of this overview, we characterize the themes and topics examined in research about measurement and survey questions published in Public Opinion Quarterly in the past decade. We then characterize the field more broadly by highlighting topics that we expect to continue or to grow in importance, including the relationship between survey questions and the total survey error perspective, cognitive versus interactional approaches, interviewing practices, mode and technology, visual aspects of question design, and culture. Considering avenues for future research, we advocate for a decision-oriented framework for thinking about survey questions and their characteristics. The approach we propose distinguishes among various aspects of question characteristics, including question topic, question type and response dimension, conceptualization and operationalization of the target object, question structure, question form, response categories, question implementation, and question wording. Thinking about question characteristics more systematically would allow study designs to take into account relationships among these characteristics and identify gaps in current knowledge. PMID:24970951

Schaeffer, Nora Cate; Dykema, Jennifer

2011-01-01

376

Community Dialog — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

View all of the questions that have been submitted and see how they have been evaluated by peers. Submit your own evaluation of a submitted question, or leave a comment about a question (commenting requires log in or creation of your own PQ account).

377

An introduction to the application of the simplest matrix-generalized inverse in systems science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various kinds of matrix-generalized inverses are defined and classified. Theorems on the existence, calculation, and use of the simplest generalized inverse are stated. Matrices of functions receive special attention. Generalized inverses are applied to solving underdetermined and overdetermined systems of equations, specifically those that arise in linear control problems. Simple examples illustrate suggested procedures.

VICTOR LOVASS-NAGY; RICHARD J. MILLER; DAVID L. POWERS

1978-01-01

378

Proposed Provocative Questions for the Indian PQ Workshops — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

To stimulate wider participation in the Provocative Questions Initiative, scientists may pose their own Provocative Questions (Indian "Pose a Question" link) on this website or comment on questions submitted online (Indian "Questions Submitted Online" link) from the research community.

379

GENERAL ARTICLES CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 106, NO. 5, 10 MARCH 2014 681  

E-print Network

of scientific results, a fact confirmed by the journals like Science and Nature. Single-discipline jour- nals: Dissemination of scientific results, international acknowledgement, multidisciplinary journals obviously serve a different role by disseminating scientific results among researchers and practitioners

Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

380

Five questions to ask about the soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I think that anyone who ever gave a lecture would agree that this feels like being on a stage. One has to educate the audience of course, but also keep attention and be interesting to the listeners. Authority is important but there is a certain vulnerability at all times. There is also a fine line on both sides that should not be crossed. However, the most important thing is that the audience remembers the lecture and certain points the lecturer made for at least some time, and even more that someone gets interested enough to ask for more details. This is often done by giving interesting examples and unusual comparison. Teaching a soils course there are five main questions to be addressed, of which first four are often subordinated to the fifth being the most complex. First question is "Is the soil alive?". The answer is yes, and that is what it differentiates from any type of sediment or rock, and it is very vulnerable to environmental change. The second question is "Where does it come from?" Rocks being a main origin of soils are often neglected in soil science and petrography in general, and weathering, as an important process for soil formation, are not given enough explaining. Petrography teaches us about rock characteristics, structure and texture and mineralogy. Understanding petrography would help in understanding the weathering processes which are crucial for soil formation and this must not be ignored. The third question is "Is it old?" Yes, it is - at least for everybody else except geologists. It is important to understand how slow the soil formation process is. The forth question is "Does it move?" Yes, it can move and the faster it moves downhill, it less likes it. Erosion is a very important problem for soil and must be addressed. And finally, the fifth question is "What are the main characteristics of soils?" This is an opportunity to talk about physical, chemical, biological, microbiological issues. As the most elaborate question it allows the lecturer to talk mostly about the soil issues that are of main interest to the audience. Every soil science course should involve laboratory and field classes as much as possible. Hands on experience has always been of outmost importance and one hour in the lab or in the field can substitute 3-5 hours of lecturing measuring the absorbed information by students. So, to conclude, if one knows that something is alive, what it is made off, how old it is, what will happen to it during natural processes and also during imposed processes one would develop some respect for it and would be interested in its various characteristics and also, probably, how to save it from degradation. If that is all done while having a chance to touch it, and see it in its natural condition, the result would be even more insightful.

Kasanin Grubin, Milica

2013-04-01

381

Questions and Questioning: Working with Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers who work with early-years children often ask how young children can be encouraged to think about the events, living things, or objects they are investigating and how they can be encouraged to ask appropriate scientific questions. The authors felt that they needed to examine their own practice and that of other teachers in respect to…

Macro, Chris; McFall, Dawn

2004-01-01

382

Teaching Dystopias: The Value of Religious Questioning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that a true general education should encourage the exploration of religious questions. Describes the author's use of works showing dystopian societies based on existing values, such as Huxley's "Brave New World," to encourage students to rethink their assumptions and develop openness toward the questions that religions address. (22…

Seabury, Marcia Bundy

1995-01-01

383

Unpark Those Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever Mr. Henderson's 3rd grade students had a question that he couldn't immediately answer or that seemed off-topic, he asked them to write the question on a sticky note and place it on a poster dubbed the "Parking Lot." His intention was to find time later to answer those questions, but too often, he said, the parking lot…

Ness, Molly

2013-01-01

384

154 SDSU General Catalog 2011-2012 In the College of Sciences  

E-print Network

. Emphasis in marine biology. Emphasis in zoology. Major in microbiology with the B.A. degree in liberal arts, marine sciences, genetics and physiology, ecology, molecular biology, microbiology, immunology Emphases in Bioengineering, Cell and Molecular Biology, Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, Marine Biology

Gallo, Linda C.

385

SDSU General Catalog 2007-2008 115 In the College of Sciences  

E-print Network

. Emphasis in marine biology. Emphasis in zoology. Major in microbiology with the B.A. degree in liberal arts, marine sciences, genetics and physiology, ecology, molecular biology, microbiology, immunology Emphases in Bioengineering, Cell and Molecular Biology, Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, Marine Biology

Gallo, Linda C.

386

General Science, Ninth Grade: Theme I and Theme II. Student Laboratory Manual. Experimental.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth grade student manual was developed to be used in conjunction with some of the experimental science activities described in the teacher's guide. It contains laboratory worksheets for: (1) measurement; (2) basic energy concepts; (3) heat energy; (4) light; (5) sound; (6) electricity; and (7) present and future energy resources. Additional…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

387

Applied Catalysis A: General 378 (2010) 227233 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

pollutants, offers many potential applications in areas, such as water and air purification and self,c,d a Center of Materials Technology and Laser, School of Applied Technology, Technological Educational-Hellas, P.O. Box 1527, Vassilika Vouton, 711 10 Heraklion, Crete, Greece d Science Department, School

388

IFLA General Conference, 1985. Division on Special Libraries. Section on Biological and Medical Science Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on biological and medical science libraries which were presented at the 1985 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "The International Programs of the National Library of Medicine" (Lois Ann Colaianni, United States); (2) "Information Needs for International Health. A CDC (Centers for Disease…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

389

I. ASCRC General Education Form Group Group VII Social Science AND  

E-print Network

and historical development of human behavior, organizations, social phenomena, and/or relationships Using efforts at cooperation will be highlighted. Social Science Goal 2: Use theory in explaining and theories to explain the cultures, social organization, and selected social problems in mainland Southeast

Vonessen, Nikolaus

390

IFLA General Conference, 1986. Special Libraries Division. Section: Biological and Medical Sciences Libraries. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers on biological and medical sciences libraries were presented at the 1986 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference. "Activities and Services of Medical Libraries in Japan--Past, Present, and Future" (Kazuo Urata and Toshinobu Suga, Japan) discusses the inauguration of the Japan Medical Library Association…

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, The Hague (Netherlands).

391

GeneralBulletin 2002-2003 College of Arts and Sciences  

E-print Network

, Television, and Recording Arts School of Music School of Nursing College of Social Sciences School of Social, and the development of ethical principles on which to base a life of intellectual curiosity and satisfaction within-operated museum in the country. In 2001, we established the country's first new allopathic medical school in over

Hull, Elaine

392

Context, Gender, and Physics Questions  

E-print Network

Department Wednesday, October 13, 2010 #12;The Study · Two versions of the Force Concept Inventory were given to students; the original version and a revised version with stereotypically female contexts* · Pretest(4). Special Issue: Women in Science. Wednesday, October 13, 2010 #12;General Conclusions · Overall averages

Wu, Mingshen

393

Computational Science and Innovation  

E-print Network

Simulations - utilizing computers to solve complicated science and engineering problems - are a key ingredient of modern science. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is a world leader in the development of high-performance computing (HPC), the development of applied math and algorithms that utilize the full potential of HPC platforms, and the application of computing to science and engineering problems. An interesting general question is whether the DOE can strategically utilize its capability in simulations to advance innovation more broadly. In this article, I will argue that this is certainly possible.

D. J. Dean

2010-09-13

394

1 Great Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents an ideal question that can take an art teacher and his or her students through all the levels of thought in Bloom's taxonomy--perfect for modeling the think-aloud process: "How many people is the artist inviting into this picture?" This great question always helps the students look beyond the obvious and dig…

Nethery, Carrie

2011-01-01

395

Problem of Questioning  

ScienceCinema

Le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet, chercheur sur le plan scientifique, artistique et humain, parle de la remise en question des hommes et la remise en question scientifique fondamentale ou exemplaire- plusieurs personnes prennent la parole p.ex Jeanmairet, Adam, Gregory. Le Prof.Gregory clot la soirée en remerciant le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet

None

2011-04-25

396

Role of Discrepant Questioning Leading to Model Element Modification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discrepant questioning is a teaching technique that can help students "unlearn" misconceptions and process science ideas for deep understanding. Discrepant questioning is a technique in which teachers question students in a way that requires them to examine their ideas or models, without giving information prematurely to the student or passing…

Rea-Ramirez, Mary Anne; Nunez-Oviedo, Maria Cecilia; Clement, John

2009-01-01

397

General Education Earth, Astronomy and Space Science College Courses Serve as a Vehicle for Improving Science Literacy in the United States.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Every year approximately 500,000 undergraduate college students take a general education Earth, Astronomy and Space Science (EASS) course in the Unites States. For the majority of these students this will be their last physical science course in life. This population of students is incredibly important to the science literacy of the United States citizenry and to the success of the STEM career pipeline. These students represent future scientists, technologists, business leaders, politicians, journalists, historians, artists, and most importantly, policy makers, parents, voters, and teachers. A significant portion of these students are taught at minority serving institutions and community colleges and often are from underserved and underrepresented groups, such as women and minorities. Members of the Center for Astronomy Education (CAE) at the University of Arizona have been developing and conducting research on the effectiveness of instructional strategies and materials that are explicitly designed to challenge students' naïve ideas and intellectually engage their thinking at a deep level in the traditional lecture classroom. The results of this work show that dramatic improvement in student understanding can be made from increased use of interactive learning strategies. These improvements are shown to be independent of institution type or class size, but appear to be strongly influenced by the quality of the instructor's implementation. In addition, we find that the positive effects of interactive learning strategies apply equally to men and women, across ethnicities, for students with all levels of prior mathematical preparation and physical science course experience, independent of GPA, and regardless of primary language. These results powerfully illustrate that all students can benefit from the effective implementation of interactive learning strategies.

Prather, E.

2011-10-01

398

Lost in the Translation: Writing About Science for the General Public  

SciTech Connect

Writing, like science, is primarily a matter of noticing what goes on in the world and communicating these insights to others. Both require a certain amount of translation, and in the process, distortion. Writing about science is thus doubly cursed, and makes some surprising demands on the writer. Among the (only partly tongue-in-cheek) requirements to be discussed are: Lie; cheat; steal; dare to be stupid; don’t trust your sources (or your editors); waste people’s time; quote out of context; make arbitrary calls; don’t expect anyone to understand you; don’t expect anyone to believe you; prepare to make mistakes; avoid “hardening of the categories”; debase yourself, but never your readers; eschew objectivity; emote.

. C. Cole

2009-03-27

399

Lost in the Translation: Writing about Science for the General Public  

SciTech Connect

Writing, like science, is primarily a matter of noticing what goes on in the world and communicating these insights to others. Both require a certain amount of translation, and in the process, distortion. Writing about science is thus doubly cursed, and makes some surprising demands on the writer. Among the (only partly tongue-in-cheek) requirements to be discussed are: Lie; cheat; steal; dare to be stupid; don't trust your sources (or your editors); waste people's time; quote out of context; make arbitrary calls; don't expect anyone to understand you; don't expect anyone to believe you; prepare to make mistakes; avoid 'hardening of the categories'; debase yourself, but never your readers; eschew objectivity; emote.

Cole, K.C. (Los Angeles Times) [Los Angeles Times

2002-03-27

400

A Statistical Analysis of Student Questions in a Cell Biology Laboratory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asking questions is an essential component of the practice of science, but question-asking skills are often underemphasized in science education. In this study, we examined questions written by students as they prepared for laboratory exercises in a senior-level cell biology class. Our goals were to discover 1) what types of questions students…

Keeling, Elena L.; Polacek, Kelly M.; Ingram, Ella L.

2009-01-01

401

An Edge Question: What Now ?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This feature from the nonprofit Edge Foundation, Inc. (reviewed previously in the July 25, 2000 Scout Report for Social Sciences & Humanities) is an impressive collection of thoughtful words in response to the recent terrorist attacks and ensuing war. The Edge postulated the question, "What now?" to its members with the idea that, as editor John Brockman explains, "within the community is invaluable expertise in many pertinent areas, not to mention the intelligence that the 'Edgies' can bring to the subjects." What separates this forum from many others dealing with recent issues of terrorism is that Brockman asks for "'hard-edge' comments, derived from empirical results or experience specific to the expertise of the contributors," rather than emotional or purely rhetorical responses. Here are a few of the pieces -- some essay length, others only a few sentences -- found here: psychiatrist Richard Rabkin takes a "strategic psychotherapy" approach to dealing with terrorism, science writer and television commentator Margaret Wertheim and archaeologist Timothy Taylor both touch on the corruption of science by weapons development as well as the intermingling of science and religion, and evolutionary scholar Richard Dawkins brings up the tendency to "bend over backwards to see the other point of view and blame ourselves for everything." Take time to peruse this collection of 44,000 words from 55 contributors and you'll be glad you did.

2001-01-01

402

Planning a Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)

Ebert, Jim

1976-01-01

403

Model structure adequacy analysis: selecting models on the basis of their ability to answer scientific questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models carry the meaning of science. This puts a tremendous burden on the process of model selection. In general practice,\\u000a models are selected on the basis of their relative goodness of fit to data penalized by model complexity. However, this may\\u000a not be the most effective approach for selecting models to answer a specific scientific question because model fit is

Mark L. Taper; David F. Staples; Bradley B. Shepard

2008-01-01

404

The Challenge Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the "Walk the Line" challenge question. They write journal responses to the question and brainstorm what information they need to answer the question. Ideas are shared with the class (or in pairs and then to the class, if class size is large). Then students read an interview with an engineer to gain a professional perspective on linear data sets and best-fit lines. Students brainstorm for additional ideas and add them to the list. With the teacher's guidance, students organize the ideas into logical categories of needed knowledge.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

405

Roadmap: Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology Electrical Engineering Technology (General) Associate of Applied Science  

E-print Network

Roadmap: Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology ­ Electrical Engineering Technology (General Important Notes Semester One: [17 Credit Hours] EERT 12000 Electric Circuits I 4 MERT 12000 Engineering Core Summary Semester Two: [19 Credit Hours] EERT 12001 Electric Circuits II 3 EERT 12010 Introduction

Sheridan, Scott

406

Applied Catalysis A: General 477 (2014) 102108 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

Catalysis A: General journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apcata Ordered mesoporous tungsten carbide: Mesoporous Tungsten carbide Palladium Oxygen reduction reaction Electrochemical properties a b s t r a c t We represent well-defined mesoporous tungsten carbide catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction in alka- line

Cao, Guozhong

407

Amino Acid Complementarity: A Biochemical Exemplar of Stoichiometry for General and Health Sciences Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard introduction to stoichiometry and simple exemplars can motivate students to learn the stoichiometric studies and the condensation reaction that occurs between amino acids to form the peptide bond. This topic can be integrated into general chemistry courses as an alternative to inclusion of a separate biochemistry course that could be…

Vitz, Ed

2005-01-01

408

The Utility of Interaction Analysis for Generalizing Characteristics of Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Validating and generalizing from holistic observation protocols of classroom practice have proven difficult. These tools miss crucial classroom characteristics, like the type of instruction, the organization of learners, and the level of cognitive engagement that occur differentially in the time span of a lesson. As a result, this study examined…

Crippen, Kent J.; Sangueza, Cheryl R.

2013-01-01

409

Cho, Hearn — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an important question - many cancers such as multiple myeloma are characterized by genomic instability, with new cytogenetic abnormalities, deletions or mutations, and other genetic changes detected as disease progresses.

410

Scardino, Peter — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Excellent question, made more provocative when we realize that the seminal vesicles and Cowper’s gland in the male, tissues adjacent to the prostate and under the same hormonal influences as the prostate, rarely if even harbor malignant tumors.

411

Endocrine System Clicker Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of clicker questions designed for first year nursing students in an Anatomy and Physiology course, used during the endocrine system. It can also be used for an undergraduate Physiology course.

DDS/DO Elizabeth J Kavran (Ursuline College Biology)

2009-05-01

412

Schneider, Thomas — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

413

Finn, Olivera — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

414

Paternostro, Giovanni — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question addresses a very important problem but could be slightly modified to be more provocative. For example, can we design combinatorial cancer therapies that use the same strategies as biological combinatorial control?

415

Questions about Biological Parents  

MedlinePLUS

... About Biological Parents Family Life Listen Questions About Biological Parents Article Body As you raise your adopted ... to her life—the fact that she has biological parents elsewhere—that may make it necessary for ...

416

Provocative Questions Workshop  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Workshop August 2, 2011 UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Los Angeles, California Final Participant List Chair Edward Harlow, Ph.D Chair Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology Harvard Medical

417

Frequently Asked Questions  

Cancer.gov

Frequently Asked Questions Where is the SRK postdoctoral fellowship geographically located?The highly competitive program is for female postdoctoral fellows training in any of the National Cancer Institutes’ intramural research settings.  NCI facilities

418

Finn, Olivera — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

An exciting development in this area that would be encouraged by attempting to answer this important question, is the connection between the observations of cancer risk modulation by epidemiologists and immune mechanisms that appear to be involved, described by immunologists.

419

Saha, Bratin — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

420

CAT questions and answers  

SciTech Connect

This document, prepared in February 1993, addresses the most common questions asked by APS Collaborative Access Teams (CATs). The answers represent the best judgment on the part of the APS at this time. In some cases, details are provided in separate documents to be supplied by the APS. Some of the answers are brief because details are not yet available. The questions are separated into five categories representing different aspects of CAT interactions with the APS: (1) Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), (2) CAT Beamline Review and Construction, (3) CAT Beamline Safety, (4) CAT Beamline Operations, and (5) Miscellaneous. The APS plans to generate similar documents as needed to both address new questions and clarify answers to present questions.

Not Available

1993-02-01

421

Shridhar, Krithiga — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

422

Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs  

Cancer.gov

Frequently Asked Questions - FAQs CTRP Program >> What is the purpose of the Clinical Trials Reporting Program (CTRP)? How will CTRP be connected to other databases within NCI and NIH? Will CTRP support the Cancer Centers Summary 4 Report? Will CTRP

423

Griguer, Corinne — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Provocative Questions Skip to content. | Skip to navigation Personal tools Sign Up Log in Sections Home Home Current RFAs and PQs Cancer Prevention and Risk Mechanisms of Tumor Development or Recurrence Tumor Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis Cancer

424

GoodQuestions Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

GoodQuestions is a pedagogical strategy designed to improve calculus instruction for higher-level students by adapting two methods developed in physics instruction: ConcepTests (conceptual multiple-choice questions) and Just-in-Time Teaching (a pedagogical strategy that blends web technology with active learning in classroom situations). The project web site includes class materials, links to math classes where the strategy is being employed, news articles, and information on the project team.

2004-04-03

425

Basics of Photometry Photometry: Basic Questions  

E-print Network

Basics of Photometry #12;Photometry: Basic Questions · How do you identify objects in your image type of object you're studying? #12;#12;#12;Topics 1. General Considerations 2. Stellar Photometry 3. Galaxy Photometry #12;I: General Considerations 1. Garbage in, garbage out... 2. Object Detection 3

Masci, Frank

426

To Question or Not to Question: That Seems to Be the Question.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effects of questioning in the classroom has explored the placement, timing, type, and social impact of questions. Principles of good questioning include the following: (1) well-stated questions should be concise, clear, and complete; (2) questions should be topical in nature, requiring a complex answer; (3) yes or no questions

Bradtmueller, Weldon G.; Egan, James B.

427

Matching Questions on Minerals and Rocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains 11 matching questions on the topic of rocks and minerals, which covers rock types (igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary), mineral types (oxides, silicates, and more), and rock properties (texture, composition). This is part of the Principles of Earth Science course at the University of South Dakota. Users submit their answer and are provided immediate feedback.

Heaton, Timothy

428

Evidence for Confirmatory Biases in Interviewers' Questioning Strategies Using a Free Question Generation Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selection interview is a commonly used procedure for gathering applicant information upon which to base personnel decisions. Synder and Swann (1978) found that people tended to ask questions and generally seek information consistent with their initial beliefs about the person being interviewed. They suggested that this confirmatory questioning

Binning, John F.; And Others

429

ASKING AND ANSWERING QUESTIONS Guidelines for Asking Good Questions  

E-print Network

involves critical thinking, and focuses on the substance or content of what a person has said. A question question because it involves no critical thinking on the questioner's part (however, these questions could) The critical thinking required in asking a good, substantive question involves making a careful analysis

Wagner, Diane

430

Question answering for Biology.  

PubMed

Biologists often pose queries to search engines and biological databases to obtain answers related to ongoing experiments. This is known to be a time consuming, and sometimes frustrating, task in which more than one query is posed and many databases are consulted to come to possible answers for a single fact. Question answering comes as an alternative to this process by allowing queries to be posed as questions, by integrating various resources of different nature and by returning an exact answer to the user. We have surveyed the current solutions on question answering for Biology, present an overview on the methods which are usually employed and give insights on how to boost performance of systems in this domain. PMID:25448292

Neves, Mariana; Leser, Ulf

2014-10-28

431

Big questions about the universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy is not only a branch of science but also an important part of the culture and civilisations of peoples. Starting with archeoastronomy to the present day, it has always contributed to a better understanding of life, of humanity. After 400 years of modern astronomy, it still addresses major problems such as: Why there is something rather than nothing? Why is nature comprehensible to humans? How is cosmos related to humanity? Do multiverses exist? Is there life on other planets? Are we alone in the universe? Does the universe have a beginning? If so, what does it mean? How did the universe originate? All these questions are a challenge for interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary investigations, for philosophers, physicists, cosmologists, mathematicians, theologians. The new insights gained by pursuing in depth these common investigations will shape the society we live in and have important consequences on the future we are creating.

Stavinschi, Magda

2011-06-01

432

A Question of Character  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When intern placement veteran Jacqueline Perkins begins counseling students at Florida A&M University (FAMU) about their prospects for getting well-paying, security-related jobs with the federal government, she confronts the 800-pound gorilla in the room--the question of whether a student has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor.…

Stuart, Reginald

2010-01-01

433

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-print Network

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ¥IS IT REAL? ¥IS IT IMPORTANT? ¥WHAT IS IT DUE TO? ¥HOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TREND�t a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

434

Some Questions on Accountability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An educational publisher poses several questions that are related to accountability for the purpose of stimulating discussion on this topic at a national convention of social studies teachers. Is it appropriate to insist upon the verification or validation of instructional materials? Is it possible to make more money available for the purchase of…

Follett, Robert J. R.

435

Questioning and Experimentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is a philosophical analysis of experimentation. The philosophical framework of the analysis is the interrogative model of inquiry developed by Hintikka. The basis of the model is explicit and well-formed logic of questions and answers. The framework allows us to formulate a flexible logic of experimentation. In particular, the formulated…

Mutanen, Arto

2014-01-01

436

Some Questions About Neurocognitive  

E-print Network

Some Questions About Neurocognitive Networks Steven Bressler Center for Complex Systems & Brain is a Brain Network? · A brain network is a large-scale system in the brain consisting of distributed neuronal ­ Dynamic Interdependency #12;Does The Brain Need Networks? · Serial processing, as found in the PNS, is too

Bressler, Steven L.

437

Questions English Teachers Ask.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is based on the responses of 374 English teachers at the secondary and college levels to a letter asking them to describe the questions that most perplex them professionally. Answers are provided by 88 leaders in English education, including James R. Squire, Walter H. MacGinitie, R. Baird Shuman, Sheila Schwartz, and Ken Macrorie. The…

Shuman, R. Baird

438

De, Abhijit — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Looking at cell to cell differences within a tumor bed, contributed by either DNA mutations, epigenetic or post-translational modifications (PTM) or miRNA mediated control switches or even a combination of all these, the question rise how to best design a personalized drug trial?

439

The Compensation Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past few years, as cash-strapped states and school districts have faced tough budget decisions, spending on teacher compensation has come under the microscope. The underlying question is whether, when you take everything into account, today's teachers are fairly paid, underpaid, or overpaid. In this forum, two pairs of respected…

Richwine, Jason; Biggs, Andrew; Mishel, Lawrence; Roy, Joydeep

2012-01-01

440

A Question of Choice  

PubMed Central

Women's reproductive rights, reproductive health, and constitutional privacy rights in the United States are addressed in light of the contemporary onslaught of the Christian Right. The misuse of State power by fundamentalist social forces in America is critiqued. The article also briefly reviews the question of State control over women's bodies. PMID:21696627

2011-01-01

441

Questions about Neck Manipulation?  

MedlinePLUS

Questions About Neck Manipulation? Chiropractic is widely recognized as one of the safest drug-free, non-invasive therapies available for the treatment of ... of chiropractic, osteopaths and physical therapists provide--neck manipulation (also known as cervical manipulation)—with a certain ...

442

Assessment of general education teachers' Tier 1 classroom practices: contemporary science, practice, and policy.  

PubMed

Progress monitoring is a type of formative assessment. Most work on progress monitoring in elementary school settings has been focused on students. However, teachers also can benefit from frequent evaluations. Research addressing teacher progress monitoring is critically important given the recent national focus on teacher evaluation and effectiveness. This special topic section of School Psychology Quarterly is the first to showcase the current research on measuring Tier 1 instructional and behavioral management practices used by prekindergarten and elementary school teachers in general education settings. The three studies included in the special section describe the development and validation efforts of several teacher observational and self-report measures of instruction and/or behavioral management. These studies provide evidence for the utility of such assessments for documenting the use of classroom practices, and these assessment results may be leveraged in innovative coaching models to promote best practice. These articles also offer insight and ideas for the next generation of teacher practice assessment for the field. Finally, the special topic is capped by a commentary synthesizing the current work and offers "big ideas" for future measurement development, policy, and professional development initiatives. PMID:24341924

Reddy, Linda A; Fabiano, Gregory A; Jimerson, Shane R

2013-12-01

443

An Ethics Primer: Ethical Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to ethical questions and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of ethical questions and develops student understanding of ethical questions through three different worksheets.

2008-01-01

444

Knowledge based question answering  

SciTech Connect

The natural language database query system incorporated in the Knobs Interactive Planning System comprises a dictionary driven parser, APE-II, and script interpreter whch yield a conceptual dependency as a representation of the meaning of user input. A conceptualisation pattern matching production system then determines and executes a procedure for extracting the desired information from the database. In contrast to syntax driven q-a systems, e.g. those based on atn parsers, APE-II is driven bottom-up by expectations associated with word meanings. The goals of this approach include utilising similar representations for questions with similar meanings but widely varying surface structures, developing a powerful mechanism for the disambiguation of words with multiple meanings and the determination of pronoun referents, answering questions which require inferences to be understood, and interpreting ellipses and ungrammatical statements. The Knobs demonstration system is an experimental, expert system for air force mission planning applications. 16 refs.

Pazzani, M.J.; Engelman, C.

1983-01-01

445

Automatic Question Pattern Generation for Ontology-based Question Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an automatic question pattern generation method for ontology-based question answering with the use of textual entailment. In this method, a set of question pat- terns, called predictive questions, which are predicted to be asked by users in a domain, were generated on the basis of a domain ontology. Their corresponding query templates, which can be used to

Shiyan Ou; Constantin Orasan; Dalila Mekhaldi; Laura Hasler

2008-01-01

446

Desai, Kartiki — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is a great question. Gene-based targeting has contributed significantly to decrease mortality. Despite the unexplored black box of molecular mechanisms, these drugs were highly effective as first line of therapy. However over time, a percentage of patients were either non-responders or developed resistance. Our deep knowledge of molecular mechanisms has helped redesign some of the drugs, or established diagnostic tests to stratify patients that would benefit from such drugs.

447

Poultry Processing: Questions & Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... A / Poultry Processing: Questions and Answers Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

448

The "Looting Question" Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provocatively subtitled "Web and Literary Resources on the Archaeological Politics of Private Collecting, Commercial Treasure Hunting, Looting, and 'Professional' Archaeology," this comprehensive online bibliography provides scholars and practitioners with resources related to the "looting question." The bibliography is organized by format type and focuses on North American materials. Hugh Jarvis, a doctoral candidate in Anthropology as well as a graduate student in Information and Library Studies at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo, has compiled this unique, frequently updated resource.

449

The Gentle Art of Questioning: Writing Great Clicker Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How does a teacher use questioning effectively? This workshop will focus on writing those questions that engage students, spark their curiosity, help recap material, give you insight into their thinking, or help them learn critical ideas in physics. We will focus on ``peer instruction'' -- a research-tested method of requiring students to discuss challenging questions with one another. We will investigate the surprising power of multiple-choice questions to achieve critical thinking skills. Finally, we will look at writing questions that align with our goals for students, discuss the elements of effective questions, and practice writing questions and work on improving them.

Chasteen, Stephanie

2012-02-01

450

Questioning greater Yellowstone's Future Climate, Land Use, and Invasive Species  

E-print Network

Questioning greater Yellowstone's Future Climate, Land Use, and Invasive Species The 10th Biennial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Suzanne Lewis Opening Keynote: Seeing Things Whole: An Ecosystem Approach to Yellowstone Science, and Possible Future Patterns and Consequences

Hansen, Andrew J.

451

Teacher's Toolkit: Processing the curriculum through quality questioning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this inquiry-based project, student-generated questions became the basis for student-directed individual and group projects that provided practice with problem solving, critical thinking, and research skills while digging deeper into the Earth science

Gregerson, Jessica

2011-02-01

452

Latinos in Science: Trends and Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In U.S. coverage of leadership in science and engineering (S&E), Latinos are generally dismissed from consideration. The pipeline metaphor tends to ignore advances made by Latinos in completing doctoral degrees in S&E. New data suggest a better metaphor, the pyramid of higher education, for understanding the progress of Latinos in S&E. Questions

Rochin, Refugio I.; Mello, Stephen F.

2007-01-01

453

Effects of classwide peer tutoring on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of science vocabulary words for seventh grade students with learning disabilities and/or low achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the effects of classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of science vocabulary words and definitions. Participants were 14 seventh grade students at-risk for failure in a general education science course; 3 students had learning disabilities and 2 had a communication disorder. CWPT was conducted daily for 20 minutes during the last period of the school day. Procedures for CWPT were consistent with the Ohio State University CWPT model. Students were engaged in dyadic, reciprocal tutoring. Tutors presented word cards to tutees to identify the word and definition. Tutors praised correct responses and used a correction procedure for incorrect responses. After practicing their vocabulary words, students completed a daily testing procedure and recorded and plotted data. Many of the study's findings are consistent with previous studies using CWPT to teach word identification. Results of this study indicate a functional relationship between CWPT and acquisition of science vocabulary. All students were able to acquire words and definitions. Results for maintenance and generalization varied. When acquisition criterion was changed, maintenance and generalization scores increased for some students, while other students remained consistently high. All students reported that they enjoyed CWPT, and all but student stated it helped them learn science vocabulary.

Nobel, Michele Mcmahon

2005-07-01

454

You are here: OUP USA Home > U.S. General Catalog > Atmospheric Science > Climatology Radiation and Cloud Processes in the Atmosphere  

E-print Network

You are here: OUP USA Home > U.S. General Catalog > Atmospheric Science > Climatology Radiation and Cloud Processes in the Atmosphere Theory, Observation and Modeling Kuo-Nan Liou Add to Cart 0195049101 of Contents Description The field of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing has seen significant advances

Liou, K. N.

455

A reconstruction of development of the periodic table based on history and philosophy of science and its implications for general chemistry textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this study are: (a) elaboration of a history and philosophy of science (HPS) framework based on a reconstruction of the development of the periodic table; (b) formulation of seven criteria based on the framework; and (c) evaluation of 57 freshman college-level general chemistry textbooks with respect to the presentation of the periodic table. The historical reconstruction of

Angmary Brito; María. A. Rodríguez; Mansoor Niaz

2005-01-01

456

A Reconstruction of Development of the Periodic Table Based on History and Philosophy of Science and Its Implications for General Chemistry Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this study are: (a) elaboration of a history and philosophy of science (HPS) framework based on a reconstruction of the development of the periodic table; (b) formulation of seven criteria based on the framework; and (c) evaluation of 57 freshman college-level general chemistry textbooks with respect to the presentation of the…

Brito, Angmary; Rodriguez, Maria A.; Niaz, Mansoor

2005-01-01

457

BS in General Science, Preprofessional Specialization (including PreMed) Typical Program of Study1 4 year  

E-print Network

­ 4 year Fall Quarter Winter Quarter Spring Quarter Freshman CHEM 121 General Chemistry I (4) CHEM 131 ­ General Chemistry Lab I (1) CHEM 122General Chemistry II (4) CHEM 132General Chemistry Lab II (1) CHEM 123General Chemistry III (4) CHEM 133General Chemistry Lab III (1) MATH 120

Carter, John

458

Science Olympiad students' nature of science understandings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent reform efforts in science education focus on scientific literacy for all citizens. In order to be scientifically literate, an individual must have informed understandings of nature of science (NOS), scientific inquiry, and science content matter. This study specifically focused on Science Olympiad students' understanding of NOS as one piece of scientific literacy. Research consistently shows that science students do not have informed understandings of NOS (Abd-El-Khalick, 2002; Bell, Blair, Crawford, and Lederman, 2002; Kilcrease and Lucy, 2002; Schwartz, Lederman, and Thompson, 2001). However, McGhee-Brown, Martin, Monsaas and Stombler (2003) found that Science Olympiad students had in-depth understandings of science concepts, principles, processes, and techniques. Science Olympiad teams compete nationally and are found in rural, urban, and suburban schools. In an effort to learn from students who are generally considered high achieving students and who enjoy science, as opposed to the typical science student, the purpose of this study was to investigate Science Olympiad students' understandings of NOS and the experiences that formed their understandings. An interpretive, qualitative, case study method was used to address the research questions. The participants were purposefully and conveniently selected from the Science Olympiad team at a suburban high school. Data collection consisted of the Views of Nature of Science -- High School Questionnaire (VNOS-HS) (Schwartz, Lederman, & Thompson, 2001), semi-structured individual interviews, and a focus group. The main findings of this study were similar to much of the previous research in that the participants had informed understandings of the tentative nature of science and the role of inferences in science, but they did not have informed understandings of the role of human imagination and creativity, the empirical nature of science, or theories and laws. High level science classes and participation in Science Olympiad did not translate into informed understandings of NOS. There were implications that labs with a set procedure and given data tables did not contribute to informed NOS understandings, while explicit instruction may have contributed to more informed understandings. Exploring these high achieving, Science Olympiad students' understandings of NOS was a crucial step to understanding what experiences formed these students' understandings so that teachers may better their practices and help more students succeed in becoming scientifically literate citizens.

Philpot, Cindy J.

2007-12-01

459

NIF frequently asked questions  

SciTech Connect

The Stockpile Stewardship Program is an initiative to maintain the nuclear deterrent of the United States in the post-Cold War era. It is based on the maintenance of our stockpile through an ongoing process of surveillance, assessment, refurbishment, and recertification, without nuclear testing. At the heart of the SSP is an attempt to bring advanced experimental and computational tools to bear on the evaluation and certification of the stockpile itself; these advanced scientific capabilities are necessary because of the cessation of nuclear testing. This science-based approach requires new tools: advanced computers for more detailed 3-D simulations, multi-axis hydrodynamic facilities and plutonium research facilities for physics measurements of primaries, and the National Ignition Facility for fusion burn and high-energy-density science. The science basis requires summing up the pieces we can measure and simulate, which cannot be done without a complete set of tools. Refurbishing weapons with confidence, without testing, is a difficult challenge. Only with high-quality scientists and a complete set of tools, can the US accomplish this program. NIF is a unique element of the Stockpile Stewardship Program because it is the only facility that will allow the experimental study of thermonuclear burn and important regimes of high-energy-density science. Understanding these phenomena is critical to understanding how modern nuclear weapons work. NIF supports the Stockpile Stewardship Program in three essential ways: (1)It permits the study of issues that can affect an aging or refurbished stockpile. (2) It permits advancement of the critical elements of the underlying science of nuclear weapons. (3) It will attract and help train the exceptional scientific and technical talent required to sustain Stockpile Stewardship over the long term.

Carpenter, J; Warner, B

2000-09-15

460

Explore Online: Question-Driven Coral-Reef Monitoring  

E-print Network

Explore Online: Question-Driven Coral-Reef Monitoring Agriculture and Greenhouse Gas Emissions / Vol. 63 No. 4 · BioScience 297 Progress and Perspectives on Question-Driven Coral-Reef Monitoring Peter Houk and robert van Woesik Despite a steady growth in coral-reef monitoring efforts

Mcilwain, Jenny

461

Marchetti, Dario — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This is an outstanding and intellectually-stimulating question which introduces a new way to translate more effectively metastasis research to the clinic. It is certainly worth exploring and badly needed. because, if positive, drugs could be immediately useful to help defined populations of patients. Per points, we agree that these are limited metastasis groups; however, results could at minimum justify moving forward to full adjuvant trials. Worthy cause given the "bottleneck" we experience nowadays since drugs are mostly not tested in metastasis prevention.

462

Lerman, Michael — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

This question is highly important. Indeed, high-dose cisplatin-based chemotherapy represents a curative option for patients with testicular germ cell tumors including seminoma and nonseminomas, namely embryonal carcinoma, yolk-sac tumor, teratoma, and choriocarcinoma. The curative effect is most likely due to large growth fractions in these solid and hematological tumors and probably high expression of protein target(s) of cisplatin. At least one such protein target of cisplatin was identified in species ranging from yeast to humans. These predictions could be easily verified.

463

Questions & Answers about...Marfan Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet answers general questions about Marfan syndrome, a heritable condition that affects the connective tissue. It describes the characteristics of the disorder, the diagnostic process, and ways to manage symptoms. Characteristics include: (1) people with Marfan syndrome are typically very tall, slender, and loose jointed; (2) more than…

National Inst. of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

464

Exploring Relationship between Students' Questioning Behaviors and Inquiry Tasks in an Online Forum through Analysis of Ideational Function of Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we explored questioning behaviors among elementary students engaging in inquiry science using the "Knowledge Forum", a computer-supported collaborative learning tool. Adapting the theory of systemic functional linguistics, we developed the Ideational Function of Question (IFQ) analytical framework by means of inductive analysis of…

Tan, Seng-Chee; Seah, Lay-Hoon

2011-01-01

465

Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the following papers on science instruction and technology: "A 3-D Journey in Space: A New Visual Cognitive Adventure" (Yoav Yair, Rachel Mintz, and Shai Litvak); "Using Collaborative Inquiry and Interactive Technologies in an Environmental Science Project for Middle School Teachers: A Description and Analysis" (Patricia…

Roach, Linda E., Ed.

466

Question Popularity Analysis and Prediction in Community Question Answering Services  

PubMed Central

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users’ interest so as to improve the users’ experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

467

Question popularity analysis and prediction in community question answering services.  

PubMed

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users' interest so as to improve the users' experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

468

Humanizing and feminizing school science: reviving anthropomorphic and animistic thinking in constructivist science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science and scientists in general reject any form of animism or anthropomorphism. Meanwhile, there is considerable evidence that these forms of thinking are quite commonly present in the constructions and causal explanations of both children and adults as they try to make sense of their everyday world. The question is: can animistic and anthropomorphic ways of thinking have any positive

Mike Watts; Di Bentley

1994-01-01

469

Weber, Patti — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

Cell culture, the propagation of cells in artificial environment conducive to growth, has become one of the major tools in life sciences. Human cells grown in laboratory, subjected to various (single or multiple) perturbations, are serving well in elucidating physico-biochemical mechanisms of response in investigations of physiology and biochemistry. In addition, cell strains and cell lines have extensively been used to identify molecular markers of disease, and recent advances in cell culture have facilitated propagating stem cells for clinical and research purposes.

470

NatureQuest's Science Forum Debates with the Science Annex  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Science Network Enterprise, this impressive current awareness site, NatureQuest, is organized into two main sections: the Science Site and the Annex site. The Science Site provides a forum for debates in physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology, philosophy, and history of science and religion. Classical and theoretical problems are discussed either in question and answer format, or by new discoveries. The Annex Site includes general information on opportunities and resources in science. Most notable is The Academia Exchange, which includes Colloquia & Seminars, Conferences & Symposia, Summer Schools, Workshops, Faculty & Research Openings, and Nature Expos. Note that some sections are still under construction. NatureQuest is a solid current awareness resource for academics at a variety of levels.

1999-01-01

471

NOTE: Required questions apply to all laboratories. Optional questions, indicated with "N", are dependent on the PI's safety profile.  

E-print Network

GENERAL SAFETY INTERVIEW GENERAL SAFETY INTERVIEW D E F G H I Lab personnel using or storing hazardous", are dependent on the PI's safety profile. Date: 09/09/2013 Page:1 Template -Laboratory Annual Review Questions Northwestern University . Office for Research . Office for Research Safety GENERAL SAFETY INTERVIEW GENERAL

Shull, Kenneth R.

472

Questioning Cycle: Making Students' Thinking Explicit During Scientific Inquiry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you thinking about ways to get your students to think about science? Inquiry learning is an excellent way for students to get actively involved in science. Use the informative questioning cycle described in this article to ensure that students are making progress toward learning goals.

Furtak, Erin M.; Ruiz-Primo, Maria A.

2005-01-01

473

A Question of Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach to teaching stylistics, or writing style, to high school and college composition classes is described in this brief article. AUTHOR'S COMMENT (excerpt): Composition teachers generally recognize and appreciate grace in writing. But teaching or learning that grace is difficult at best. Perhaps style cannot easily be taught, but it can be…

Jolly, Peggy

1982-01-01

474

Gallery Walk Questions about Climate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

created by Mark Francek, Central Michigan University The following are potential questions that could be used in a gallery walk activity about climate. The questions are organized according to the cognitive level ...

475

Challenges New Science Teachers Face  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Providing support focused on real challenges is critical in retaining highly qualified new science teachers, but the field lacks a systematic description of these teachersâ needs. The authors of this article examine the areas that science teachers are expected to understand: (1) the content and disciplines of science, (2) learners, (3) instruction, (4) learning environments, and (5) professionalism. They review the literature on challenges facing preservice and early-career science teachers, identify issues on which conventional wisdom is supported or called into question, and highlight the areas where the existing research is inadequate as a basis for generalization. For example, the authors found few studies on how new science teachers use curriculum materials or how they understand scientific inquiry. Their overview of challenges is followed by a discussion of how these teachers can be supported.

Davis, Elizabeth A.; Petish, Debra; Smithey, Julie

2008-08-21

476

Science Fair  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Your task is to design a science fair project by choosing from a list of questions that I have provided. The questions will narrow down your topic to a specific area in science, however the ultimate topic of your project is up to you! Make sure to pick an area of science that you are interested in, this should be fun! Enjoy! Guidelines For The Project: You may work in pairs, or by yourself. There are to be no more than two people working together on a single project. Partners must be in the same period science class. Research will be done on the project, a works cited page must also ...

Ms. Baumes

2008-05-15

477

Contemplative Pedagogy: Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemplative Pedagogy is a new and sometimes controversial pedagogical practice. Faculty often have basic questions about how to implement the pedagogy in their classrooms, in addition to questions that challenge the educational value and appropriateness of the practice. Assembled here are the most frequently asked questions about Contemplative…

Coburn, Tom; Grace, Fran; Klein, Anne Carolyn; Komjathy, Louis; Roth, Harold; Simmer-Brown, Judith

2011-01-01

478

Pre-Lab Questions: Magnetism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A series of simulation based interactive questions that were used as pre-lab questions at Kennesaw State University. The simulations in this case are based on Davidson's College Physlets. These particular questions focus on magnetism. Magnetism due to a bar magnet, a wire, a loop and a solenoid are explored.

Mzoughi, Taha

2008-07-19

479

Questions for music education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addressing the question-set ‘What questions do music education researchers need to address?’, an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the specifically educational dimensions of music education? What

Estelle R. Jorgensen

2008-01-01

480

Questions for Music Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addressing the question-set "What questions do music education researchers need to address?", an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the…

Jorgensen, Estelle R.

2008-01-01

481

Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

2003-10-01

482

Cosmic questions: an introduction.  

PubMed

This introductory talk at the Cosmic Questions conference sponsored by the AAAS summarizes some earlier pictures of the universe and some pictures based on modern physics and cosmology. The uroboros (snake swallowing its tail) is an example of a traditional picture. The Biblical flat-earth picture was very different from the Greek spherical earth-centered picture, which was the standard view until the end of the Middle Ages. Many people incorrectly assume that the Newtonian picture of stars scattered through otherwise empty space is still the prevailing view. Seeing Earth from space shows the power of a new picture. The Hubble Space Telescope can see all the bright galaxies, all the way to the cosmic Dark Ages. We are at the center of cosmic spheres of time: looking outward is looking backward in time. All the matter and energy in the universe can be represented as a cosmic density pyramid. The laws of physics only allow the material objects in the universe to occupy a wedge-shaped region on a diagram of mass versus size. All sizes--from the smallest size scale, the Planck scale, to the entire visible universe--can be represented on the Cosmic Uroboros. There are interesting connections across this diagram, and the human scale lies in the middle. PMID:11797741

Primack, J R; Abrams, N E

2001-12-01

483

Frontline: The Torture Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Experts and pundits continue to debate the myriad of strategies deployed by the United States in the effort to combat terrorism around the world and internally. The Frontline program on PBS has created this website to complement a special edition of their show. This show focused on the question of whether torture is a viable way to obtain effective results in combating terrorism. Visitors can dive right in by watching the program in its entirety, or they may also wish to visit one of the sections providing supplementary information. One particularly compelling area is the section that provides information on how the current administration of President George W. Bush has created a protocol for conducting such investigations. Another very useful section is titled âÂÂBehind the Wireâ and offers visitors an inside look into the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Perhaps the most moving and intense portion of the site is the discussion section, where visitors can leave feedback and read the impassioned opinions of others who have seen the program.

2005-01-01

484

Big Questions: Missing Antimatter  

SciTech Connect

Einstein's equation E = mc2 is often said to mean that energy can be converted into matter. More accurately, energy can be converted to matter and antimatter. During the first moments of the Big Bang, the universe was smaller, hotter and energy was everywhere. As the universe expanded and cooled, the energy converted into matter and antimatter. According to our best understanding, these two substances should have been created in equal quantities. However when we look out into the cosmos we see only matter and no antimatter. The absence of antimatter is one of the Big Mysteries of modern physics. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln explains the problem, although doesn't answer it. The answer, as in all Big Mysteries, is still unknown and one of the leading research topics of contemporary science.

Lincoln, Don

2013-08-27

485

75 FR 10845 - Subcommittee on Forensic Science; Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Subcommittee on Forensic Science...Committee on Science; National Science and Technology Council ACTION: General Notice. Nominations...Science of the National Science and Technology Council's (NSTC's) Committee...

2010-03-09

486

Questioning Our Questions: Assessing Question Asking Practices to Evaluate a yPAR Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to examine question asking practices in a youth participatory action research (yPAR) after school program housed at an elementary school. The research question was: In which ways did the adult question asking practices in a yPAR setting challenge and/or reproduce conventional models of power in educational…

Grace, Sarah; Langhout, Regina Day

2014-01-01

487

Can multiple-choice questions simulate free-response questions?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We discuss a study to evaluate the extent to which free-response questions could be approximated by multiple-choice equivalents. Two carefully designed research-based multiple-choice questions were transformed into a free-response format and administered on the final exam in a calculus-based introductory physics course. The original multiple-choice questions were administered in another similar introductory physics course on final exam. Findings suggest that carefully designed multiple-choice questions can reflect the relative performance of the free-response questions while maintaining the benefits of ease of grading and quantitative analysis, especially if the different choices in the multiple-choice questions are weighted to reflect the different levels of understanding that students display.

Lin, Shih-Yin; Singh, Chandralekha

2012-04-24

488

www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 343 14 FEBRUARY 2014 725 A dividing cell generally follows a simple  

E-print Network

maneuvers because they were polyploid, carrying extra sets of chromosomes. Polyploidy is rife among plants, insects, fish, and some other groups of organisms. But most human cells are diploid, outfitted with two reserve capacity that enables them to respond to stress and damage? "The real unanswered question is why

Napp, Nils

489

Big Science and the Large Hadron Collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the particle accelerator operating at CERN, is probably the most complex and ambitious scientific project ever accomplished by humanity. The sheer size of the enterprise, in terms of financial and human resources, naturally raises the question whether society should support such costly basic-research programs. I address this question by first reviewing the process that led to the emergence of Big Science and the role of large projects in the development of science and technology. I then compare the methodologies of Small and Big Science, emphasizing their mutual linkage. Finally, after examining the cost of Big Science projects, I highlight several general aspects of their beneficial implications for society.

Giudice, Gian Francesco

2012-03-01

490

Toward Question-Asking Machines: The Logic of Questions and the Inquiry Calculus  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For over a century, the study of logic has focused on the algebra of logical statements. This work, first performed by George Boole, has led to the development of modern computers, and was shown by Richard T. Cox to be the foundation of Bayesian inference. Meanwhile the logic of questions has been much neglected. For our computing machines to be truly intelligent, they need to be able to ask relevant questions. In this paper I will show how the Boolean lattice of logical statements gives rise to the free distributive lattice of questions thus defining their algebra. Furthermore, there exists a quantity analogous to probability, called relevance, which quantifies the degree to which one question answers another. I will show that relevance is not only a natural generalization of information theory, but also forms its foundation.

Knuth,Kevin H.

2005-01-01

491

Key studies used to support cancer risk assessment questioned.  

PubMed

This paper reassessed studies conducted under the leadership of Drosophila geneticist Curt Stern which played a pivotal role in the acceptance of the linear dose-response model by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Biological Effects of Atomic Radiation (BEAR) I Committee and the subsequent generalization of their recommendations on the linearity dose-response paradigm for ionizing radiation and chemically induced cancer. The analysis finds serious concerns and flaws in important aspects of these experiments, their assessment, and interpretation. Of particular concern was the failure of Stern's group to provide the necessary and promised experimental documentation to support the findings of three critical summarized experiments published as a brief technical note in Science. While this analysis questions the validity of the reported findings and their interpretations, it raises an even more serious concern about the process by which leaders in the radiation genetics community accepted such findings without requiring the necessary documentation and then used this information to support the acceptance of the linear dose-response in public policy matters as affected by risk assessment practices that have continued to the present. PMID:21786337

Calabrese, Edward J

2011-10-01

492

Ten questions about systems biology  

PubMed Central

In this paper we raise ‘ten questions’ broadly related to ‘omics’, the term systems biology, and why the new biology has failed to deliver major therapeutic advances for many common diseases, especially diabetes and cardiovascular disease. We argue that a fundamentally narrow and reductionist perspective about the contribution of genes and genetic variants to disease is a key reason ‘omics’ has failed to deliver the anticipated breakthroughs. We then point out the critical utility of key concepts from physiology like homeostasis, regulated systems and redundancy as major intellectual tools to understand how whole animals adapt to the real world. We argue that a lack of fluency in these concepts is a major stumbling block for what has been narrowly defined as ‘systems biology’ by some of its leading advocates. We also point out that it is a failure of regulation at multiple levels that causes many common diseases. Finally, we attempt to integrate our critique of reductionism into a broader social framework about so-called translational research in specific and the root causes of common diseases in general. Throughout we offer ideas and suggestions that might be incorporated into the current biomedical environment to advance the understanding of disease through the perspective of physiology in conjunction with epidemiology as opposed to bottom-up reductionism alone. PMID:21224238

Joyner, Michael J; Pedersen, Bente K

2011-01-01

493

48 CFR 2527.7001 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01...Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...7001 General. National Science Foundation policies,...

2010-10-01

494

48 CFR 2527.7001 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...7001 General. National Science Foundation policies,...

2011-10-01

495

48 CFR 2527.7001 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2012-10-01 2012-10-01...Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...7001 General. National Science Foundation policies,...

2012-10-01

496

48 CFR 2527.7001 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2013-10-01 2013-10-01...Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...7001 General. National Science Foundation policies,...

2013-10-01

497

48 CFR 2527.7001 - General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2014-10-01 2014-10-01...Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...7001 General. National Science Foundation policies,...

2014-10-01

498

Boundary Questions Between Ontology and Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter deals with some problems linking biology and ontology. After a general survey of the most prominent ontological\\u000a questions lying behind biology, the study case of biological boundaries is addressed. The scrutiny of the relevant literature\\u000a shows that biologists speak of various types of boundary: perceptual, compositional, epithelial, cellular and sensu lato processual boundaries; all of them appear to

Pietro Ramellini

499

The Presidential Address 2013: Promoting Enthusiasm, Imparting Knowledge! Science for the General Population and Science for Future Researchers Must All Start in the School Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a transcript of the Presidential Address delivered by Martin Rees, Lord Rees of Ludlow, to the Association for Science Education (ASE) Annual Conference at the University of Reading, January 2013. The address is divided into five sections under the following headings: (1) Three Reasons Why the ASE's Mission Is So…

Rees, Martin

2013-01-01

500

Photo-based question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photo-based question answering is a useful way of finding information about physical objects. Current question an- swering (QA) systems are text-based and can be difficult to use when a question involves an object with distinct vi- sual features. A photo-based QA system allows direct use of a photo to refer to the object. We develop a three-layer system architecture for

Tom Yeh; John J. Lee; Trevor Darrell

2008-01-01