Sample records for questionnaire ghq-12 translation

  1. Validity of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) in detecting depressive and anxiety disorders among high school students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gennady Nickolaevich Baksheev; Jo Robinson; Elizabeth Mary Cosgrave; Kathryn Baker; Alison Ruth Yung

    2011-01-01

    Despite the common use of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) with adolescents, there is limited data supporting its validity with this population. The aims of the study were to investigate the psychometric properties of the GHQ-12 among high school students, to validate the GHQ-12 against the gold standard of a diagnostic interview, and to suggest a threshold score for

  2. Factor structure and internal consistency of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Subjective Vitality Scale (VS), and the relationship between them: a study from France

    PubMed Central

    Salama-Younes, Mareï; Montazeri, Ali; Ismaïl, Amany; Roncin, Charles

    2009-01-01

    Background The objectives of this study were to test the factor structure and internal consistency of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Subjective Vitality Scale (VS) in elderly French people, and to test the relationship between these two questionnaires. Methods Using a standard 'forward-backward' translation procedure, the English language versions of the two instruments (i.e. the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and the Subjective Vitality Scale) were translated into French. A sample of adults aged 58–72 years then completed both questionnaires. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The factor structures of the two instruments were extracted by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Finally, the relationship between the two instruments was assessed by correlation analysis. Results In all, 217 elderly adults participated in the study. The mean age of the respondents was 61.7 (SD = 6.2) years. The mean GHQ-12 score was 17.4 (SD = 8.0), and analysis showed satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.78). The mean VS score was 22.4 (SD = 7.4) and its internal consistency was found to be good (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.83). While CFA showed that the VS was uni-dimensional, analysis for the GHQ-12 demonstrated a good fit not only to the two-factor model (positive vs. negative items) but also to a three-factor model. As expected, there was a strong and significant negative correlation between the GHQ-12 and the VS (r = -0.71, P < 0.001). Conclusion The results showed that the French versions of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Subjective Vitality Scale (VS) are reliable measures of psychological distress and vitality. They also confirm a significant negative correlation between these two instruments, lending support to their convergent validity in an elderly French population. The findings indicate that both measures have good structural characteristics. PMID:19265516

  3. Factorial Validity and Invariance of the GHQ-12 among Clinical and Nonclinical Samples

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandes, Helder Miguel; Vasconcelos-Raposo, Jose

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the internal reliability, factorial validity, and measurement invariance of a Brazilian-Portuguese version of the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12) across clinical and nonclinical groups. The clinical sample consisted of 228 chronic hemodialysis patients (41.7% female), with a mean age of 48.23 (SD =…

  4. Translation into Portuguese of questionnaires to assess knee injuries

    PubMed Central

    Nunes, Guilherme; de Castro, Lisaura Veiga; Wageck, Bruna; Kume, Vanessa; Chiesa, Gabriela Sulzbach; de Noronha, Marcos

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this systematic review was to review the quality of the translation and the measurement properties from questionnaires that assess injuries of the knee. We included questionnaires that were developed in foreign language and have been translated and validated into Portuguese. The databases used were CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, LILACS, PUBMED and SCIELO and the final search resulted in a total of 868 studies included, from which 16 were eligible. Most included questionnaires presented all steps expected in a translation process; however there were some deficiencies in measurement properties among the questionnaires. The VISA-P Brazil was the best questionnaire when analyzing translation process and measurement properties tested. It was the only questionnaire that tested all measurement properties investigated and presented adequate values for all of them. KOS-ADLS was the best questionnaire translated to Portuguese from Portugal. Among all, the VISA-P Brazil is the best questionnaire to be used with Brazilian Portuguese speakers when the condition is related to patellar tendinopathy and the LEFS is the best questionnaire for other general conditions of the knee. For Portuguese from Portugal, the best questionnaire is the KOS-ADLS, and like the LEFS it does not target any specific injury. PMID:24453685

  5. Can the 12-item General Health Questionnaire be used to measure positive mental health?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YONGJIAN HU; SARAH STEWART-BROWN; LIZ TWIGG; SCOTT WEICH

    2007-01-01

    Background. Well-being is an important determinant of health and social outcomes. Measures of positive mental health states are needed for population-based research. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) has been widely used in many settings and languages, and includes posi- tively and negatively worded items. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that the GHQ-12 assesses both positive and negative

  6. Validation of a Tibetan Translation of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lhewa, Dechen; Banu, Sophia; Rosenfeld, Barry; Keller, Allen

    2007-01-01

    This study sought to translate and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) in a Tibetan population. Translated questionnaires were administered to 57 Tibetan survivors of torture/human rights abuses living in the United States and receiving services in a torture treatment program. Participants…

  7. Translation and adaptation of the Brazilian version of the Night Eating Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana Beatriz; Cauduro Harb; Wolnei Caumo; Maria Paz Loayza Hidalgo

    2008-01-01

    The goal of this study was to translate and adapt the Night Eating Questionnaire to Portuguese and assess the reliability of the Portuguese-lan- guage version. The study included two phases. The first consisted of: (1) translation into Portu- guese; (2) back-translation into English; (3) cor- rection and semantic adaptation; (4) content val- idation; and (5) assessment of the understanding of

  8. Factor Structure of the Iranian Version of 12-Item General Health Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Rahmati Najarkolaei, Fatemeh; Raiisi, Fatemeh; Rahnama, Parvin; Gholami Fesharaki, Mohammad; Zamani, Omid; Jafari, Mohammad Reza; Montazeri, Ali

    2014-01-01

    Background: The 12-Item General Health (GHQ-12) questionnaire is one of the most commonly used instruments in screening studies on mental health. Objectives: The current study aimed to examine the factor structure of the GHQ-12 questionnaire among the students in Iran. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study in which 428 university students were recruited and completed the GHQ-12. Reliability of the GHQ-12 was evaluated using the Cronbach's alpha and the split-half method by applying the Spearman-Brown coefficient. Factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to assess how well the EFA extracted model fitted the observed data. Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.83 years (SD = 3.09). Most of them were female (56.1%) and 81% were unemployed. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the Iranian version of GHQ-12 was 0.85. Using the split-half method, the alpha for the social dysfunction was found to be 0.77; it was 0.76 for the psychological distress. The principal component analysis revealed a two-factor structure for the questionnaire including social dysfunction and psychological distress that explained 48% of the observed variances. The confirmatory factor analysis was showed fit for the data. Conclusions: The current study findings confirm that the Iranian version of GHQ-12 has a good factor structure and is a reliable and valid instrument to measure psychological distress and social dysfunction. PMID:25593708

  9. Translation of Questionnaires Measuring Health Related Quality of Life Is Not Standardized: A Literature Based Research Study

    PubMed Central

    Danielsen, Anne Kjaergaard; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob; Angenete, Eva; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Introduction There is growing awareness of the need to explore patient reported outcomes in clinical trials. In the Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group we are conducting several clinical trials in cooperation between Danish and Swedish surgical researchers, and we use questionnaires aimed at patients from both countries. In relation to this and similar international cooperation, the validity and reliability of translated questionnaires are central aspects. Main Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore which methodological measures were used in studies reporting translation of questionnaires. Furthermore, we wanted to make some methodological suggestions for clinical researchers who are faced with having to translate a questionnaire. Material and Methods We designed a research study based on a survey of the literature and extracted data from published studies reporting the methodological process when translating questionnaires on health related quality of life for different diseases. Results We retrieved 187 studies and out of theses we included 52 studies. The psychometric properties of the translated versions were validated using different tests. The focus was on internal validity (96%), reliability (67%) criterion validity (81%), and construct validity (62%). For internal validity Cronbach's alpha was used in 94% of the studies. Conclusions This study shows that there seems to be a consensus regarding the translation process (especially for internal validity) although most researchers did not use a translation guide. Moreover, we recommended that clinical researchers should consider three steps covering the process of translation, the qualitative validation as well as the quantitative validation. PMID:25965447

  10. The adolescent Religious Coping Questionnaire. Translation and cultural adaptation of Pargament's RCOPE Scale for Polish adolescents.

    PubMed

    Talik, El?bieta B

    2013-03-01

    The paper presents the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the Religious Coping Questionnaire (the RCOPE) by Pargament et al. (2000) for Polish adolescents. The work was driven by the necessity to obtain a structural and measurement equivalence between the American and Polish versions of the instrument. The Polish version was created at the Department of Clinical Psychology of Children and Adolescents at The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland. The exploratory factor analysis with the Oblimin oblique rotation was carried out. The principal components method was used as an extraction method of common factors. The results provided input for constructing the scales. The Adolescent Religious Coping Questionnaire consists of 105 items, grouped in 16 scales, which reflects positive and negative religious coping strategies. PMID:21249521

  11. Translation and validation of Berlin questionnaire in primary health care in Greece

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of our study was to validate a Greek translation of the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and to explore whether this screening questionnaire could be used to help identify primary care patients at greater risk of having OSAS. Methods We recruited 189 patients visiting a primary health care setting on the island of Crete, Greece. They all completed the Greek Version of the BQ. Patients were then referred to a Sleep Disorders Unit for evaluation of suspected sleep-disordered breathing. Results A PSG study was performed in 129 of the 189 subjects (68.3%). BQ identified 74.4% (n?=?96) of the patients as high-risk for OSAS and the remaining 25.6% (n?=?33) as low-risk. The sensitivity and specificity of BQ for OSAS diagnosis were 76% and 40%, respectively, for an apnoea–hypopnoea index (AHI) ?5 per hour but <15 per hour, 84% and 61% for an AHI ?15 per hour but ?30 per hour, and 79% and 39% for an AHI >30 per hour. Conclusions In conclusion, the Greek Version of the BQ is a useful instrument for identifying patients at risk for OSAS in primary health care in Greece. The findings of our study confirm that such screening tools should be used by primary care clinicians for OSAS prediction. PMID:23347772

  12. Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the safety attitudes questionnaire (operating room version)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Tens of millions of patients worldwide suffer from avoidable disabling injuries and death every year. Measuring the safety climate in health care is an important step in improving patient safety. The most commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the translated version of the SAQ. Methods The SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context. The survey was then carried out with 374 respondents in the operating room (OR) setting. Data was received from three hospitals, a total of 237 responses. Cronbach’s alpha and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the reliability and validity of the instrument. Results The Cronbach’s alpha values for each of the factors of the SAQ ranged between 0.59 and 0.83. The CFA and its goodness-of-fit indices (SRMR 0.055, RMSEA 0.043, CFI 0.98) showed good model fit. Intercorrelations between the factors safety climate, teamwork climate, job satisfaction, perceptions of management, and working conditions showed moderate to high correlation with each other. The factor stress recognition had no significant correlation with teamwork climate, perception of management, or job satisfaction. Conclusions Therefore, the Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the SAQ (OR version) has good construct validity. However, the reliability analysis suggested that some of the items need further refinement to establish sound internal consistency. As suggested by previous research, the SAQ is potentially a useful tool for evaluating safety climate. However, further psychometric testing is required with larger samples to establish the psychometric properties of the instrument for use in Sweden. PMID:23506044

  13. Translation of EPDS Questionnaire into Kiswahili: Understanding the Cross-Cultural and Translation Issues in Mental Health Research

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Manasi; Ongeri, Linnet; Mathai, Muthoni; Mbwayo, Anne

    2015-01-01

    The need for a suitable tool for assessing postpartum depression in Kenya led to the process of translation of the 10 items Edinburgh Postnatal Scale into Kiswahili. The idea was to seek semantic, conceptual as well as normative equivalence in this translation. The paper discusses issues and the process of translation and provides in depth discussions around translation from the point of view of cross-cultural mental health research and practice. The English version of the EPDS screening tool was finally successfully translated into Kiswahili and the translated version is attached with this paper. PMID:25893218

  14. Translation and validation of a questionnaire to assess the diagnosis and management of dementia in greek general practice.

    PubMed

    Prokopiadou, Dimitra; Papadakaki, Maria; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Komninos, Ioannis D; Bastas, Charalampos; Iatraki, Eliza; Saridaki, Aristoula; Tatsioni, Athina; Manyon, Andrea; Lionis, Christos

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge scale (ADKS) in a population of Greek general practitioners (GPs). The international standards for the forward and back translation approach were followed. For the validation step, 112 GPs, treating dementia in their daily practices, were enrolled from Crete. The questionnaire was assessed for the following psychometric properties: intraclass reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct and face validity. Internal consistency of the Greek ADKS was satisfactory (? = .65). A high repeatability of the instrument was found during the retest with 27 GPs (intraclass correlation coefficient = 1.0). Factor analysis showed that all the items from the original instrument can be used in the Greek version. The inter-item correlation revealed a high cross-correlation between the items of the questionnaire (? > .6). The data confirmed the validity of the Greek version of the ADKS for measuring GPs' knowledge on the diagnosis and management of dementia. PMID:23378485

  15. The safety attitudes questionnaire – ambulatory version: psychometric properties of the Norwegian translated version for the primary care setting

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Patient safety culture is how leader and staff interaction, attitudes, routines and practices protect patients from adverse events in healthcare. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire is the most widely used instrument to measure safety attitudes among health care providers. The instrument may identify possible weaknesses in clinical settings, and motivate and guide quality improvement interventions and reductions in medical errors. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version was developed for measuring safety culture in the primary care setting. The original version includes six major patient safety factors: Teamwork climate, Safety climate, Job satisfaction, Perceptions of management, Working conditions and Stress recognition. We describe the results of a validation study using the Norwegian translation of the questionnaire in the primary care setting, and present the psychometric properties of this version. Methods The study was done in seven Out-of-hours casualty clinics and 17 regular GP practices employing a total of 510 primary health care providers (194 nurses and 316 medical doctors). In October and November 2012, the translated Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version was distributed by e-mail. Data were collected electronically using the program QuestBack, whereby the participants responded anonymously. SPSS was used to estimate the Cronbach’s alphas, item-to-own-factor correlations, intercorrelations of factors and item-descriptive statistics. The confirmatory factor analysis was done by AMOS. Results Of the 510 invited health care providers, 266 (52%) answered the questionnaire - 72% of the registered nurses (n?=?139) and 39% of the medical doctors (n?=?124). In the confirmatory factor analysis, the following five factor model was shown to have acceptable goodness-of-fit values in the Norwegian primary care setting: Teamwork climate, Safety climate, Job satisfaction, Working conditions and Perceptions of management. Conclusions The results of our study indicate that the Norwegian translated version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version, with the five confirmed factors, might be a useful tool for measuring several aspects of patient safety culture in the primary care setting. Further research should investigate whether there is an association between patient safety culture in primary care, as measured by the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version, and occurrence of medical errors and negative patient outcome. PMID:24678764

  16. The ChQoL questionnaire: an Italian translation with preliminary psychometric results for female oncological patients

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background in Occidental languages, no widely accepted questionnaire is available which deals with health related quality of life from the specific point of view of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Some psychometric tools of this kind are available in Chinese. One of them is the Chinese Quality of Life questionnaire (ChQoL). It comprises 50 items, subdivided in 3 Domains and 13 Facets. The ChQoL was built from scratch on the basis of TCM theory. It is therefore specifically valuable for the TCM practitioner. This paper describes our translation into Italian of the ChQoL, its first application to Occidental oncological patients, and some of its psychometric properties. Methods a translation scheme, originally inspired by the TRAPD procedure, is developed. This scheme focuses on comprehensibility and clinical usefulness more than on linguistic issues alone. The translated questionnaire is tested on a sample of 203 consecutive female patients with breast cancer. Shapiro-Wilk normality tests, Fligner-Killeen median tests, exploratory Two-step Cluster Analysis, and Tukey's test for non-additivity are applied to study the outcomes. Results an Italian translation is proposed. It retains the TCM characteristics of the original ChQoL, it is intelligible to Occidental patients who have no previous knowledge of TCM, and it is useful for daily clinical practice. The score distribution is not Normal, and there are floor and ceiling effects. A Visual Analogue Scale is identified as a suitable choice. A 3-point Likert scale can also efficiently describe the data pattern. The original scales show non-additivity, but an Anscombe-Tukey transformation with ? = 1.5 recovers additivity at the Domain level. Additivity is enhanced if different ? are adopted for different Facets, except in one case. Conclusions the translated questionnaire can be adopted both as a filing system based on TCM and as a source of outcomes for clinical trials. A Visual Analogue Scale is recommended, but a simpler 3-point Likert scale also suitably fits data. When estimating missing data, and when grouping items within Domain in order to build a summary Domain index, an Anscombe-Tukey transformation should be applied to the raw scores. PMID:20868514

  17. Translation and measurement properties of the Swedish version of ACL-Return to Sports after Injury questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Kvist, J; Österberg, A; Gauffin, H; Tagesson, S; Webster, K; Ardern, C

    2013-10-01

    Psychological factors may be a hindrance for returning to sport after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The ACL-Return to Sport after Injury scale (ACL-RSI) measures athletes' emotions, confidence in performance, and risk appraisal in relation to return to sport. The aim of this study was to translate the ACL-RSI scale from English to Swedish and to examine some of the measurement properties of the Swedish version. The ACL-RSI was translated and culturally adapted. A professional expert group and five patients evaluated face validity. One hundred and eighty-two patients completed the translated ACL-RSI, a project-specific questionnaire, the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), the Knee-Self-Efficacy Scale (K-SES), the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC-C), the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Quality of Life (ACL-QoL) questionnaires. Fifty-three patients answered the ACL-RSI twice to examine reproducibility. The ACL-RSI showed good face validity, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948), low floor and ceiling effects and high construct validity when evaluated against the TSK, K-SES, MHLC-C, KOOS, and ACL-QoL scales. The reproducibility was also high (intra-class correlation = 0.893). Therefore, the ACL-RSI can be used to evaluate psychological factors relevant to returning to sport after ACL reconstruction surgery. PMID:22257241

  18. Validation of the persian translation of the swallowing disturbance questionnaire in Parkinson's disease patients.

    PubMed

    Rajaei, Ali; Azargoon, S Abolfazl; Nilforoush, Mohammad Hussein; Barzegar Bafrooei, Ebrahim; Ashtari, Fereshteh; Chitsaz, Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Dysphagia, as a common finding in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, was estimated to be present in 80-95% of this population during different stages of the disease. The Swallowing Disturbance Questionnaire (SDQ) was created as a self-rated dysphagia screening tool in PD. According to the guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation, Persian version of this questionnaire (SDQ-P) was developed. 59 Persian patients (39 men and 20 women) participated in the study. They responded to the SDQ-P and underwent videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). Aspiration during VFSS was compared with questionnaire results for each individual. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the questionnaire was 0.86 and based on SDQ-P 15 patients (25.4%) were dysphagic, while 10 patients (16.9%) showed aspiration during VFSS. SDQ-P sensitivity and specificity in predicting aspiration were 96.7 and 91.2%; therefore, the SDQ-P could be a prognostic tool for aspiration. The positive predictive value (PPV), the negative predictive value (NPV), and the pre- and posttest probabilities of aspiration were 0.67, 1, 16.9%, and 66.7%, respectively. In summary, this study demonstrated the reliability and also the feasibility of SDQ-P for screening of aspiration in Iranian patients with PD. Further evaluation of SDQ-P in larger subject population would be suggested. PMID:25405058

  19. Evaluation of Sexual Function and Its Contributing Factors in Men With Spinal Cord Injury Using a Self-Administered Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Khak, Mohammad; Hassanijirdehi, Marzieh; Afshari-Mirak, Sohrab; Holakouie-Naieni, Kourosh; Saadat, Soheil; Taheri, Taher; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa

    2014-11-27

    Sexual activity is an important aspect of life in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), rated as one of the top priorities for recovery of function. This study was conducted to establish an understanding of the severity of erectile dysfunction (ED), a major component of male sexual activity, and its correlates in patients with SCI in our community. In a cross-sectional study, 37 male veterans with SCI admitted for regular follow-up at our center were recruited. Demographic and SCI-related descriptive information was gathered through a self-administered questionnaire. Sexual Health Inventory for Men was used to assess the presence and severity of ED. Euro Quality of Life questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) were also administered. The mean age of the participants was 45.7 ± 6.5 years with injury duration of 24.7 ± 6.2 years. Mean GHQ-12 score of 3.65 ± 3.38 and mean Sexual Health Inventory for Men score of 11.57 ± 5.28 were measured. All participants had ED, and 27% were suffering from severe ED. Sleep deprivation, worse GHQ-12 score, and hypertension were significantly associated with higher risk of much severe ED (p < .05). In conclusion, ED is a common problem in veterans with SCI and is inversely associated with their general health status. PMID:25432464

  20. Development, Validation and Application of a Malay Translation of an Elementary Version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scott, Rowena H.; Fisher, Darrell L.

    2004-04-01

    An elementary version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) and a scale for determining students'' Enjoyment of their Science Lessons (ENJ) were translated into Standard Malay. This process, together with its initial validation carried out in 136 classrooms with 3,104 students, is described in this paper. Statistical analyses revealed that data from this Malay version of the QTI with these Malay-speaking elementary school students in Brunei are indeed valid and reliable. Associations between students'' perceptions of their teachers'' interpersonal behaviours and their end-of-year results on an external science examination were investigated. Students'' perceptions of cooperative behaviours were positively correlated, while submissive behaviours were negatively correlated with their cognitive achievement. Cross-national comparisons were made between students'' perceptions of teachers'' classroom interaction and similar studies in Singapore, Australia, and Korea.

  1. Content validity and internal consistency of the Dutch translation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: An observational study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Els Devriendt; Koen Van den Heede; Joke Coussement; Eddy Dejaeger; Kurt Surmont; Dirk Heylen; René Schwendimann; Bryan Sexton; Nathalie I. H. Wellens; Steven Boonen; Koen Milisen

    BackgroundPatient safety is fundamental to healthcare quality. Attention has recently focused on the patient safety culture of an organisation and its impact on patient outcomes. A strong safety climate appears to be an essential condition for safe patient care in the hospital. A number of instruments are used to measure this patient safety climate or culture. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire

  2. Development, Translation and Validation of Enhanced Asian Rome III Questionnaires for Diagnosis of Functional Bowel Diseases in Major Asian Languages: A Rome Foundation-Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association Working Team Report

    PubMed Central

    Ghoshal, Uday C; Gwee, Kok-Ann; Chen, Minhu; Gong, Xiao R; Pratap, Nitesh; Hou, Xiaohua; Syam, Ari F; Abdullah, Murdani; Bak, Young-Tae; Choi, Myung-Gyu; Gonlachanvit, Sutep; Chua, Andrew S B; Chong, Kuck-Meng; Siah, Kewin T H; Lu, Ching-Liang; Xiong, Lishou; Whitehead, William E

    2015-01-01

    Background/Aims The development-processes by regional socio-cultural adaptation of an Enhanced Asian Rome III questionnaire (EAR3Q), a cultural adaptation of the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire (R3DQ), and its translation-validation in Asian languages are presented. As English is not the first language for most Asians, translation-validation of EAR3Q is essential. Hence, we aimed to culturally adapt the R3DQ to develop EAR3Q and linguistically validate it to show that the EAR3Q is able to allocate diagnosis according to Rome III criteria. Methods After EAR3Q was developed by Asian experts by consensus, it was translated into Chinese, Hindi-Telugu, Indonesian, Korean, and Thai, following Rome Foundation guidelines; these were then validated on native subjects (healthy [n = 60], and patients with irritable bowel syndrome [n = 59], functional dyspepsia [n = 53] and functional constipation [n = 61]) diagnosed by clinicians using Rome III criteria, negative alarm features and investigations. Results Experts noted words for constipation, bloating, fullness and heartburn, posed difficulty. The English back-translated questionnaires demonstrated concordance with the original EAR3Q. Sensitivity and specificity of the questionnaires were high enough to diagnose respective functional gastrointestinal disorders (gold standard: clinical diagnoses) in most except Korean and Indonesian languages. Questionnaires often uncovered overlapping functional gastrointestinal disorders. Test-retest agreement (kappa) values of the translated questionnaires were high (0.700–1.000) except in Korean (0.300–0.500) and Indonesian (0.100–0.400) languages at the initial and 2-week follow-up visit. Conclusions Though Chinese, Hindi and Telugu translations were performed well, Korean and Indonesian versions were not. Questionnaires often uncovered overlapping FGIDs, which were quite common. PMID:25537673

  3. Translation, adaptation, validation and performance of the American Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire Short Form (WEL-SF) to a Norwegian version: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    Andersen, John R.; Nielsen, Hans J.; Natvig, Gerd K.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Researchers have emphasized a need to identify predictors that can explain the variability in weight management after bariatric surgery. Eating self-efficacy has demonstrated predictive impact on patients’ adherence to recommended eating habits following multidisciplinary treatment programs, but has to a limited extent been subject for research after bariatric surgery. Recently an American short form version (WEL-SF) of the commonly used Weight Efficacy Lifestyle Questionnaire (WEL) was available for research and clinical purposes. Objectives. We intended to translate and culturally adapt the WEL-SF to Norwegian conditions, and to evaluate the new versions’ psychometrical properties in a Norwegian population of morbidly obese patients eligible for bariatric surgery. Design. Cross-sectional Methods. A total of 225 outpatients selected for Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) were recruited; 114 non-operated and 111 operated patients, respectively. The questionnaire was translated through forward and backward procedures. Structural properties were assessed performing principal component analysis (PCA), correlation and regression analysis were conducted to evaluate convergent validity and sensitivity, respectively. Data was assessed by mean, median, item response, missing values, floor- and ceiling effect, Cronbach’s alpha and alpha if item deleted. Results. The PCA resulted in one factor with eigenvalue > 1, explaining 63.0% of the variability. The WEL-SF sum scores were positively correlated with the Self-efficacy and quality of life instruments (p < 0.001). The WEL-SF was associated with body mass index (BMI) (p < 0.001) and changes in BMI (p = 0.026). A very high item response was obtained with only one missing value (0.4%). The ceiling effect was in average 0.9 and 17.1% in the non-operated and operated sample, respectively. Strong internal consistency (r = 0.92) was obtained, and Cronbach’s alpha remained high (0.86–0.92) if single items were deleted. Conclusion. The Norwegian version of WEL-SF appears to be a valid questionnaire on eating self-efficacy, with acceptable psychometrical properties in a population of morbidly obese patients. PMID:25276501

  4. Acne-specific quality of life questionnaire (Acne-QoL): translation, cultural adaptation and validation into Brazilian-Portuguese language*

    PubMed Central

    Kamamoto, Cristhine de Souza Leão; Hassun, Karime Marques; Bagatin, Ediléia; Tomimori, Jane

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND many studies about the psychosocial impact of acne have been reported in international medical literature describing quality of life as a relevant clinical outcome. It is well known that the patient's perception about the disease may be different from the physician's evaluation. Therefore, it is important to use validated instruments that turn the patient's subjective opinion into objective information. OBJECTIVES to translate into Brazilian-Portuguese language and to culturally adapt a quality of life questionnaire, the Acne-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (Acne-QoL), as well as to evaluate its reliability and validity. METHODS measurement properties were assessed: 1) validity: comparison between severity and Acne-QoL domain scores, correlations between acne duration and Acne-QoL domain scores, and correlation between Acne-QoL domain scores and SF-36 components; 2) internal consistency: Cronbach's ? coefficient; 3) test-retest reproducibility: intraclass correlation coefficient and Wilcoxon test. RESULTS Eighty subjects with a mean age of 20.5 ± 4.8 years presenting mild (33.8%), moderate (36.2%) and severe (30%) facial acne were enrolled. Acne-QoL domain scores were similar among the different acne severity groups except for role-social domain. Subjects with shorter acne duration presented significant higher scores. Acne-QoL domains showed significant correlations, both between themselves and with SF-36 role-social and mental health components. Internal consistency (0.925-0.952) and test-retest reproducibility were considered acceptable (0.768-0.836). CONCLUSIONS the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Acne-QoL is a reliable and valid satisfactory outcome measure to be used in facial acne studies. PMID:24626652

  5. Translated TUS-CPS Questionnaires

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Main Content at the National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov Print Page E-mail Page Search: Please wait while this form is being loaded.... Home Browse by Resource Type Browse by Area of Research Research Networks Funding Information About

  6. Results from the translation and adaptation of the Iranian Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (I-SF-MPQ): preliminary evidence of its reliability, construct validity and sensitivity in an Iranian pain population

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess pain. The aim of this study was to translate and culturally adapt the questionnaire for Farsi (the official language of Iran) speakers in order to test its reliability and sensitivity. Methods We followed Guillemin's guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related measures, which include forward-backward translations, expert committee meetings, and face validity testing in a pilot group. Subsequently, the questionnaire was administered to a sample of 100 diverse chronic pain patients attending a tertiary pain and rehabilitation clinic. In order to evaluate test-retest reliability, patients completed the questionnaire in the morning and early evening of their first visit. Finally, patients were asked to complete the questionnaire for the third time after completing a standardized treatment protocol three weeks later. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate reliability. We used principle component analysis to assess construct validity. Results Ninety-two subjects completed the questionnaire both in the morning and in the evening of the first visit (test-retest reliability), and after three weeks (sensitivity to change). Eight patients who did not finish treatment protocol were excluded from the study. Internal consistency was found by Cronbach's alpha to be 0.951, 0.832 and 0.840 for sensory, affective and total scores respectively. ICC resulted in 0.906 for sensory, 0.712 for affective and 0.912 for total pain score. Item to subscale score correlations supported the convergent validity of each item to its hypothesized subscale. Correlations were observed to range from r2 = 0.202 to r2 = 0.739. Sensitivity or responsiveness was evaluated by pair t-test, which exhibited a significant difference between pre- and post-treatment scores (p < 0.001). Conclusion The results of this study indicate that the Iranian version of the SF-MPQ is a reliable questionnaire and responsive to changes in the subscale and total pain scores in Persian chronic pain patients over time. PMID:22074591

  7. Lost in Translation? Psychometric Properties and Construct Validity of the English Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) Social Climate Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Tonkin; Kevin Howells; Eamonn Ferguson; Amanda Clark; Michelle Newberry; Norbert Schalast

    2012-01-01

    The social climate of correctional (forensic) settings is likely to have a significant impact on the outcome of treatment and the overall functioning of these units. The Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) provides an objective way of measuring social climate that overcomes the content, length, and psychometric limitations of other measures. But the English translation of the EssenCES has yet

  8. The Beck Depression Inventory and General Health Questionnaire as measures of depression in the general population: a validation study using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview as the gold standard.

    PubMed

    Aalto, Anna-Mari; Elovainio, Marko; Kivimäki, Mika; Uutela, Antti; Pirkola, Sami

    2012-05-15

    The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) are commonly used in population studies as measures of depression. We examined in a population sample the validity of four scales for depressive symptoms, the GHQ-12, the 21- and 13-item versions of the BDI, and a new 6-item version of the BDI developed for this study. A total of 5561 participants in the "Health 2000" survey (30-79 years) completed the four scales and were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which was used as the validation criterion. We selected items for the BDI-6 through an exploratory factor analysis for the BDI-21. The accuracy of the scales, including the BDI-6, was satisfactory (c-statistics 0.88-0.92 for depression within the past 2 weeks and 0.80-0.83 within the past 12 months) and slightly better for men (0.92-0.96 and 0.85-0.87) than for women (0.86-0.88 and 0.78-0.79). Higher scores in all the scales were associated with more severe depression and more recent depressive episodes. This study suggests that various versions of the BDI and the GHQ-12 are useful in detecting depressive disorders in the general population. Even the 6-item version of the BDI showed acceptable criterion validity, although replication in an independent dataset is needed to confirm its validity. PMID:22365275

  9. Dutch Translation and Psychometric Testing of the 9-Item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) and Shared Decision Making Questionnaire-Physician Version (SDM-Q-Doc) in Primary and Secondary Care

    PubMed Central

    Rodenburg-Vandenbussche, Sumayah; Pieterse, Arwen H.; Kroonenberg, Pieter M.; Scholl, Isabelle; van der Weijden, Trudy; Luyten, Gre P. M.; Kruitwagen, Roy F. P. M.; den Ouden, Henk; Carlier, Ingrid V. E.; van Vliet, Irene M.; Zitman, Frans G.; Stiggelbout, Anne M.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The SDM-Q-9 and SDM-Q-Doc measure patient and physician perception of the extent of shared decision making (SDM) during a physician-patient consultation. So far, no self-report instrument for SDM was available in Dutch, and validation of the scales in other languages has been limited. The aim of this study was to translate both scales into Dutch and assess their psychometric characteristics. Methods Participants were patients and their treating physicians (general practitioners and medical specialists). Patients (N = 182) rated their consultation using the SDM-Q-9, 43 physicians rated their consultations using the SDM-Q-Doc (N = 201). Acceptability, reliability (internal consistency), and the factorial structure of the instruments were determined. For convergent validity the CPSpost was used. Results Reliabilities of both scales were high (alpha SDM-Q-9 0.88; SDM-Q-Doc 0.87). The SDM-Q-9 and SDM-Q-Doc total scores correlated as expected with the CPSpost (SDM-Q-9: r = 0.29; SDM-Q-Doc: r = 0.48) and were significantly different between the CPSpost categories, with lowest mean scores when the physician made the decision alone. Principal Component Analyses showed a two-component model for each scale. A confirmatory factor analysis yielded a mediocre, but acceptable, one-factor model, if Item 1 was excluded; for both scales the best indices of fit were obtained for a one-factor solution, if both Items 1 and 9 were excluded. Conclusion The Dutch SDM-Q-9 and SDM-Q-Doc demonstrate good acceptance and reliability; they correlated as expected with the CPSpost and are suitable for use in Dutch primary and specialised care. Although the best model fit was found when excluding Items 1 and 9, we believe these items address important aspects of SDM. Therefore, also based on the coherence with theory and comparability with other studies, we suggest keeping all nine items of the scale. Further research on the SDM-concept in patients and physicians, in different clinical settings and different countries, is necessary to gain a better understanding of the SDM-construct and its measurement. PMID:26151946

  10. Translators and Translation: 1974 Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caille, Pierre-Francois

    1974-01-01

    An international survey of conditions and practices involving translators deals with the following points: (1) change in the legal status and material situation of translators since 1968; (2) translators' associations; (3) translators' training, and (4) encouraging translation of contemporary works. (CK)

  11. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--QUESTIONNAIRES (ENGLISH AND SPANISH FORMAT)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The questionnaires used for the Arizona Border Study were prepared in English and Spanish formats. The Spanish format of the questionnaires was translated, back-translated, and tested on a group of local Spanish speakers with a goal of providing a translation in colloquial Spanis...

  12. Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Essau, Cecilia A.; Sasagawa, Satoko; Frick, Paul J.

    2006-01-01

    We examined the psychometric properties of a German translation of the Child Global Report version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ). A total of 1219 German school-children (644 boys and 575 girls), ages 10-14 years participated in the study. The APQ was subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor…

  13. Marketing: The Applicant Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huddleston, Thomas, Jr.

    1976-01-01

    The construction of a market research questionnaire is recommended as one way a college can identify its applicant pool market. Included are an outline of information the applicant pool questionnaire might seek and basic criteria of question writing. (JT)

  14. Translation simulation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Scott Cooper

    This module introduces students to the basics behind translation of a messenger RNA sequence into protein. In addition to text and movies, there are interactive shockwave animations that allow students to move ribosomes and tRNAs to perform translation.

  15. Italian Version of the Self-Description Questionnaire-III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maggi, Stefania

    2001-01-01

    Developed an Italian version of the Self-Description Questionnaire (SDQ-III) and studied the reliability and factorial validity of this translated instrument. Results show that the translated version has psychometric properties similar to those of the original English version. (SLD)

  16. Response Rates to Mail Questionnaires in an Ethnic Minority Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saegert, Joel; Benitez, Patti

    Mail questionnaire response rates were investigated in a three-factor design including ethnic group (Spanish surname vs. non-Spanish surname), income level (below vs. above median income) and questionnaire language (English only vs. English with interlinear Spanish translations). Log-linear multiway frequency analysis indicated lower response…

  17. Binary translation using peephole translation rules

    DOEpatents

    Bansal, Sorav; Aiken, Alex

    2010-05-04

    An efficient binary translator uses peephole translation rules to directly translate executable code from one instruction set to another. In a preferred embodiment, the translation rules are generated using superoptimization techniques that enable the translator to automatically learn translation rules for translating code from the source to target instruction set architecture.

  18. Differences across the English and Translated Versions of the TUS-CPS

    Cancer.gov

    The English language questionnaire that accompanies the translations is slightly different from the English version fielded by the Census Bureau in 2003. These differences allow the translations to function independently from the original 2003 TUS-CPS. They also reflect additions to the questionnaires that appeared helpful based on the results of testing the translations.

  19. The Preschool Behavior Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lenore B. Behar

    1977-01-01

    In summary, the Preschool Behavior Questionnaire was developed as a screening instrument for use by preschool teachers, providing norms for children, ages 3–6. During the 34-month period since its publication in late 1974, the scale has been used to a considerable extent in the screening of young children. Those who have used the scale evaluate it highly. However, the variations

  20. Identification Number:.... Questionnaire Four

    E-print Network

    Boschetti, Fabio

    the complete complex system?'' This is the last questionnaire for the experiment. It asks about your general thoughts and your learning from this experiment. Could you give some information that could explain how you particularly easy? If so what were they and why? Were there any specific aspects that were particularly

  1. Questionnaire typography and production.

    PubMed

    Gray, M

    1975-06-01

    This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

  2. Diet History Questionnaire

    Cancer.gov

    NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12

  3. Philosophy of Glasser Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

    As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SWF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Philosophy of Glasser Questionnaire was developed. This 15-item scale measuring attitudes toward the philosophy of William Glasser had a coefficient alpha reliability of .77…

  4. Language Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. F. R. Brown

    1958-01-01

    I must begin by admitting, as is scarcely necessary, that. I am at least several months away from being able to feed a new piece of French text into a computer and have an English translation come out at the other end. In trying out my basic idea, with verbally expressed rules on filing cards, I found it was possible

  5. Translator knowledge base for machine translation systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zenshiro Kawasaki; Fumiyuki Yamano; Noriyuki Yamasaki

    1991-01-01

    This paper presents a new method for utilizing translator knowledge bases for machine translation systems. Translator knowledge to be stored and utilized consists of ‘translationally equivalent pattern pairs’: surface-level phrasal, clausal, and sentential correspondences between the source and target languages. This knowledge will be utilized to translate domain-specific idiomatic, nonstandard, or ungrammatical expressions. The proposed method has been implemented in

  6. Using Presence Questionnaires in Reality Using Presence Questionnaires in Reality

    E-print Network

    Slater, Mel

    compared to immersive virtual. #12;Using Presence Questionnaires in Reality 2 1. Introduction The concept1 Using Presence Questionnaires in Reality Using Presence Questionnaires in Reality Martin Usoh different presence question- naires can distinguish between real and virtual experiences. One group of 10

  7. Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design

    Cancer.gov

    Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

  8. Diet History Questionnaire: International Applications

    Cancer.gov

    ARP staff adapted the Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ) for use by Canadian populations in collaboration with the Alberta Cancer Board. This questionnaire takes into account the different food fortification polices of the US and Canada.

  9. The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Sarmer; S. Ergin; G. Yavuzer

    2000-01-01

    This study was undertaken to translate and adapt the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into the Turkish language and\\u000a investigate its validity and reliability for Turkish female fibromyalgia (FM) patients. After translation into Turkish, we\\u000a administered the FIQ and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) to 51 women with fibromyalgia. As well as socio-demographic\\u000a characteristics, the severity of relevant clinical symptoms, e.g., pain

  10. Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire: Spanish for Puerto Rico Version

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulero-Portela, Ana L.; Colon-Santaella, Carmen L.; Cruz-Gomez, Cynthia

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Disability of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire to Spanish for Puerto Rico. Five steps were followed for the cross-cultural adaptation: forward translations into Spanish for Puerto Rico, synthesis of the translations, back translations into English, revision by…

  11. Translation and Interpretation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholson, Nancy Schweda

    1995-01-01

    Examines recent trends in the fields of translation and interpretation, focusing on translation and interpretation theory and practice, language-specific challenges, computer-assisted translation, machine translation, subtitling, and translator and interpreter training. An annotated bibliography discusses seven important works in the field. (112…

  12. Cultural adaptation to Brazil of the questionnaire Costs of caring for children with cancer1

    PubMed Central

    Pan, Raquel; Marques, Amanda Rossi; dos Santos, Bruna Domingos; Jacob, Eufemia; dos Santos, Claudia Benedita; Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to present the cultural adaptation of the questionnaire Costs of caring for children with cancer, offering a valid and reliable tool to assess the economic repercussions of childhood cancer for Brazilian families. METHOD: it is a methodological research with a cross-sectional design. The methodological framework to validate the questionnaire was a combined process that included seven steps: translation to Portuguese; first translated consensus version; evaluation by Expert Committee; consensus on the Expert Committee version; back-translation; consensus of back-translated versions; semantic validation. The study was conducted in two phases: phase one was the translation and back-translations process, with five expert committee members. Phase two was the semantic validation, with 24 participants, who answered an instrument about their impressions of the questionnaire and suggested modifications. RESULTS: in phase one, items were included, excluded, and replaced to make the content equivalent and valid for use with Brazilian context. In phase two, the majority of the participants were mothers, who made suggestions about the relevance and clarity of the items in the questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: the authors discussed these recommendations and made adaptations, turning the questionnaire into a valid and reliable tool for application. PMID:25296142

  13. JOB EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE ANSWER SHEET

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    JOB EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE ANSWER SHEET DO NOT WRITE IN THIS SPACE N.C. Date Received Reclass New Starting Date in Class Yes No NA (NA if Temporary Job) Notice # Effective Date If Reclassified IS TO BE USED WITH THE JOB EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE (BA 802) ONLY FOR POSITIONS COVERED BY CIVIL SERVICE

  14. Should We Teach Translation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendrickx, Paul V.

    1975-01-01

    This article discusses: (1) the training facilities for translators and interpreters in Belgium, France, Holland, England, and Canada; and (2) various opinions concerning methodology for teaching translation, present and future demands for translation, and criteria for assessing the quality of a translation. (CLK)

  15. Translation and Normativity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hermans, Theo

    1998-01-01

    Illustrates the productive potential of the norms concept in studying translations, exploring implications for viewing translation. Part 1 presents a historical case, using the concept of norms to explore translator choices. Part 2 posits a connection between norms and values (if translation is norm-governed, it cannot be value-free). The paper…

  16. Quantum image translation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jian; Jiang, Nan; Wang, Luo

    2015-05-01

    Image translation, which maps the position of each picture element into a new position, is a basic image transformation. Although it has been deeply researched and widely used in classical image processing, its quantum version is a vacancy. This paper studies the quantum image translation (QIT) for the first time to promote the development of quantum image processing. Two types of QIT: entire translation and cyclic translation are proposed by giving the quantum translation circuits. The translation in -direction and -direction is separable, and the circuits for translating right or left are different.

  17. Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results

    Cancer.gov

    The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

  18. Michigan Questionnaire Documentation System (MQDS)

    E-print Network

    Cheung, Gina-Qian

    2013-04-03

    Michigan Questionnaire Documentation System (MQDS) Gina Cheung University of Michigan, Survey Research Center North American DDI Conference April 2-3, 2013 Agenda MQDS Background MQDS current design Demo Survey Lifecycle http... questionnaire roster structure Blaise alien router (external program) Paradata Not a tool for Survey life circle documentation yet…. Where we are going… and DDI for… Mixed Mode Project Management CATI CAPI WEB MAIL Decentralized CATI Mixed Mode Survey...

  19. Translation Knowlegde Acquisition for Pattern-based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mihoko Kitamura

    Abstract The quality of machine translation is strongly dependent on the quantity and quality of the translation knowledge available to the system. Constructing translation knowledge by hand has inherent limitations, which begs for techniques to construct translation knowledge automatically or semi-automatically, and to integrate this translation knowledge easily. This thesis deals with pattern-based machine translation and translation knowledge acquisition from

  20. Learn More about Software for Dietary Analysis of Food Frequency Questionnaires and Screeners | Dietary Assessment Primer

    Cancer.gov

    Computer programs—software—are used to translate reported dietary intakes from food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) and frequency-based screeners into variables of interest (see Food Frequency Questionnaire Profile and Screeners Profile). FFQs consist of questions about usual frequency of consumption by day, week, month, or year of each food and beverage queried. Some FFQs ask about frequency in season and the rest of the year. FFQs also may include separate questions regarding usual portion size of each item.

  1. Translational and rotational relaxation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katsuhisa Koura

    1976-01-01

    The translational relaxation and the translational nonequilibrium effects on the rotational relaxation are studied by solving the semiclassical Boltzmann equation with Monte Carlo simulation in the HCl-H2 system, where HCl formed in the exothermic reaction H+Cl2-->HCl+Cl with nonequilibrium rotational and translational distributions with an excess translational energy is dispersed in the heat bath of H2. A simple hard sphere model

  2. Serbian version of the Women's Health Questionnaire: psychometric properties.

    PubMed

    Dotlic, J; Gazibara, T; Radovanovic, S; Rancic, B; Milosevic, B; Nurkovic, S; Kurtagic, I; Kovacevic, N

    2015-08-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to translate the Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) into the Serbian language and assess its validity and reliability in a population of Serbian menopausal women. Methods The study included peri- and postmenopausal women from two Community Health Centers in Belgrade. Women filled out the WHQ, the Short Form-36 questionnaire (SF-36) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). The WHQ was translated according to recommended methodology for cultural adaptation of questionnaires and its psychometric characteristics (internal consistency, inter-rater reliability, factor analysis, sensitivity, discriminant, construct and criterion validity) were tested. Results In the Serbian population, the mean values of the WHQ domains were mostly comparable with reference Mediterranean countries. Whole-scale Cronbach's ? was 0.838. Moreover, five WHQ domains had a value of Cronbach's ? above the acceptable limit. There were no significant differences in WHQ scores between our two investigators. On exploratory factor analysis, we obtained ten factors (two items formed a new factor - 'Menstrual pathology'). Almost all SF-36 domains were significantly associated with WHQ domains, while the BDI was associated with domains: depressive mood, anxiety and sleep problems. Based on ROC analysis, WHQ is slightly more reliable for perimenopausal than postmenopausal Serbian women. Conclusion The Serbian version of the WHQ showed very good reliability and validity in assessment of quality of life among menopausal women. The WHQ is applicable for both peri- and postmenopausal women. PMID:25373408

  3. Machine Translation Project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bajis, Katie

    1993-01-01

    The characteristics and capabilities of existing machine translation systems were examined and procurement recommendations were developed. Four systems, SYSTRAN, GLOBALINK, PC TRANSLATOR, and STYLUS, were determined to meet the NASA requirements for a machine translation system. Initially, four language pairs were selected for implementation. These are Russian-English, French-English, German-English, and Japanese-English.

  4. Translation Studies with

    E-print Network

    Little, Tony

    together a translation portfolio based on an area of particular interest with your future career in mindMSc in Translation Studies with TESOL School of Arts and Humanities A fantastic gateway to a career is key. A career in translation could see you specialise in a whole range of diverse fields in public

  5. Transformations: Translation (NLVM)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-01-01

    This Java applet enables learners to explore the translation transformation (sliding) both informally and within a coordinate system. Students select and compose shapes and manipulate the ends of a translation vector to see the effect on a translated image. Links to instructions, activities and teacher/parent information are included.

  6. TIME MANAGEMENT Time Management Questionnaire

    E-print Network

    TIME MANAGEMENT WORKSHOP #12;2 Time Management Questionnaire Self Assessment: Answer "Yes" or "No you tend to complete your assignments on time? 3. ____ Have you estimated how long it takes to read schedule time to study for exams? 8. ____ Do you have a job that requires more than 20 hours a week? 9

  7. Instructional Television Questionnaire -- Teacher Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, David A.; And Others

    The instructional television questionnaire for teachers consists primarily of statements to be answered with a rating scale. The first seventeen statements ask for evaluative judgments about various aspects of instructional television. The remainder of the statements require judgments of frequency. Questions to ascertain personal data and use of…

  8. Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results

    Cancer.gov

    The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) 1 Over 7 typical days, how often did you take a walk or ride a bicycle on errands such as going to or from a store or taking children to school?

  9. A Split Questionnaire Survey Design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Trivellore E. Raghunathan; James E. Grizzle

    1995-01-01

    This article develops a survey design where the questionnaire is split into components and individuals are administered the varying subsets of the components. A multiple imputation method for analyzing data from this design is developed, in which the imputations are created by random draws from the posterior predictive distribution of the missing parts, given the observed parts by using Gibbs

  10. Exit Interview Questionnaire Employee's Name

    E-print Network

    Oyet, Alwell

    Exit Interview Questionnaire Employee's Name: Department/Unit: Position Title: Date Hired Good Poor Very Poor Comments: #12;Job satisfaction Very High High Average Low Very Low Comments: Overall satisfaction with Memorial as an employer Very High High Average Low Very Low Comments: Overall

  11. Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results

    Cancer.gov

    Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) 13 Do you do any moderate-intensity sports, fitness or recreational (leisure) activities that causes a small increase in breathing or heart rate such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, volleyball) for at least 10 minutes continuously?

  12. College Student Services Accreditation Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassel, Russell N.

    1979-01-01

    This questionnaire is intended for use as one aspect in accrediting the "Student Personnel Services" which an institution of higher learning provides for students. Areas in question include personal development, health fostering, vocational preparation, effective personalized learning, economic viability, transpersonal offerings, and satisfactory…

  13. Enquete stylistique sur la traduction automatique de documents techniques. (A Stylistic Inquiry into the Automatic Translation of Technical Documents).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loffler-Laurian, Anne-Marie

    1987-01-01

    Describes a study that attempts to systematize the criteria required for accurate translations of technical documents. The results of a Linguistic Appreciation Questionnaire-Test, administered to 19 professional translators, were used to categorize the most common translation variables: style, structure, rhythm, and meaning of text in the hope of…

  14. The KANTOO Machine Translation Environment

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    machine translation system. 1 Introduction KANTOO is a knowledge­based, interlingual machine translation Server Knowledge Bases Lexical Maintenance Tool Language Translation Database Oracle DB Oracle DB KANTOOThe KANTOO Machine Translation Environment Eric Nyberg and Teruko Mitamura Language Technologies

  15. Bladder cancer documentation of causes: multilingual questionnaire, 'bladder cancer doc'.

    PubMed

    Golka, Klaus; Abreu-Villaca, Yael; Anbari Attar, Rowshanak; Angeli-Greaves, Miriam; Aslam, Muhammad; Basaran, Nursen; Belik, Rouslana; Butryee, Chaniphun; Dalpiaz, Orietta; Dzhusupov, Keneshbek; Ecke, Thorsten H; Galambos, Henrieta; Galambos, Henrieta; Gerilovica, Helena; Gerullis, Holger; Gonzalez, Patricia Casares; Goossens, Maria E; Gorgishvili-Hermes, Lela; Heyns, Chris F; Hodzic, Jasmin; Ikoma, Fumihiko; Jichlinski, Patrice; Kang, Boo-Hyon; Kiesswetter, Ernst; Krishnamurthi, Kannan; Lehmann, Marie-Louise; Martinova, Irina; Mittal, Rama Devi; Ravichandran, Beerappa; Romics, Imre; Roy, Bidyut; Rungkat-Zakaria, Fransiska; Rydzynski, Konrad; Scutaru, Cristian; Shen, Jianhua; Soufi, Maria; Toguzbaeva, Karlygash; Vu Duc, Trinh; Widera, Agata; Wishahi, Mohamed; Hengstler, Jan G

    2012-01-01

    There is a considerable discrepancy between the number of identified occupational-related bladder cancer cases and the estimated numbers particularly in emerging nations or less developed countries where suitable approaches are less or even not known. Thus, within a project of the World Health Organisation Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health, a questionnaire of the Dortmund group, applied in different studies, was translated into more than 30 languages (Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Korean, Latvian, Malay, Persian (Farsi), Polish, Portuguese, Portuguese/Brazilian, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Spanish, Spanish/Mexican, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Urdu, Vietnamese). The bipartite questionnaire asks for relevant medical information in the physician's part and for the occupational history since leaving school in the patient's part. Furthermore, this questionnaire is asking for intensity and frequency of certain occupational and non-occupational risk factors. The literature regarding occupations like painter, hairdresser or miner and exposures like carcinogenic aromatic amines, azo dyes, or combustion products is highlighted. The questionnaire is available on www.ifado.de/BladderCancerDoc. PMID:22652680

  16. The Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Spilsbury, James C.; Drotar, Dennis; Rosen, Carol L.; Redline, Susan

    2007-01-01

    Study Objectives: Developed the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire (CASQ), a brief, self-completed instrument to measure excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Participants: A subsample of 411 adolescents 11–17 years of age recruited from area schools, churches, and “control” participants in a sleep disordered breathing cohort study; a second subsample of 62 adolescents with diagnosed sleep disordered breathing also participating in the sleep disordered breathing study. Measurements: Participants completed the CASQ along with two other available measures of daytime sleepiness and other sleep parameters (sleep duration on school nights, sleep duration on non-school nights, and sleep debt, defined as non-school night sleep duration minus school-night sleep duration). Demographic information was obtained from a caregiver-completed questionnaire. The CASQ was developed using exploratory factor analysis, followed by confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling techniques. Results: Goodness-of-fit measures for the final 16-item scale structure ranged from good to excellent. The CASQ's internal consistency was good (? = 0.89). Correlations between the CASQ, two other measures of daytime sleepiness, and sleep parameters gave preliminary evidence of the CASQ's construct validity. Conclusion: The CASQ shows promise as a valid measure of daytime sleepiness in adolescents. Citation: Spilsbury JC; Drotar D; Rosen CL et al. The cleveland adolescent sleepiness questionnaire: a new measure to assess excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents. PMID:17993042

  17. DIPLOMA IN SCIENCE LINE OF LEARNING STATEMENT CONSULTATION N(6C) FEBRUARY 2009 QUESTIONNAIRE

    E-print Network

    Mitchener, Paul

    1 and 2 cover the vision/translating the vision for the Diploma in Science Questions 3 ­ 8 cover and the content of the Diploma in Science Question 22 asks about possible assessment methods Questions 23 ­ 24DIPLOMA IN SCIENCE LINE OF LEARNING STATEMENT CONSULTATION ­ N(6C) FEBRUARY 2009 QUESTIONNAIRE

  18. Validation of a Persian version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ-P).

    PubMed

    Bidari, Ali; Hassanzadeh, Morteza; Mohabat, Mohamad-Farzam; Talachian, Elham; Khoei, Effat Merghati

    2014-02-01

    The aim of this study is to translate, adapt, and validate a Persian version of the Fibromyalgia (FM) Impact Questionnaire (FIQ-P). The FIQ-P was adapted following the translation and back-translation approach; then, it was administered to thirty females with FM. Participants also completed two other validated questionnaires, the Medical Outcome Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Internal consistency within the FIQ-P items and its test-retest reliability were assessed with Cronbach's alpha and Spearman's correlation coefficient, respectively. Construct validity was analyzed by Spearman's r when correlating the FIQ-P to other questionnaires. The translated version was concordant. Adaptation affected two sub-items of physical function. Participants' mean age ± standard deviation was 40.4 ± 9.0 years. Internal consistency proved good with ? = 0.80. Test-retest coefficient ranged from 0.50 for the item "work days missed" to 0.79 for all FIQ-P items. Fair and statistically significant (P < 0.01) correlations were found between the FIQ-P items and two other questionnaires, SF-36 (r = -0.57) and BDI (r = 0.53). We concluded that the FIQ-P is a valid and reliable instrument for measuring health status of Persian-speaking FM patients. PMID:24166211

  19. Psychometric Validation of the "Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire" with Mexican University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramirez-Dorantes, Maria del Carmen; Canto y Rodriguez, Jose Enrique; Bueno-Alvarez, Jose Antonio; Echazarreta-Moreno, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The "Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire" (MSLQ) is a self-report instrument designed to assess students' motivation and learning strategies (cognitive, meta-cognitive, and resource management). In the present study, we focused on translate, adapt and validate the MSLQ to Mexican educational context.…

  20. The Dimensions of Learning Organization Questionnaire (DLOQ): A Validation Study in a Korean Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Song, Ji Hoon; Joo, Baek-Kyoo; Chermack, Thomas J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of the measurement scores of the learning organization culture, the Dimensions of Learning Organization Questionnaire (DLOQ), in a Korean context. A total of 1,529 cases from 11 firms in two major Korean conglomerates were analyzed. Rigorous translation procedures, including both…

  1. The short-form revised Eysenck personality Questionnaire (EPQ-S): A German edition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie J Francis; Christopher Alan Lewis; Hans-Georg Ziebertz

    2006-01-01

    A sample of 331 undergraduate students in Germany completed the German translation of the short form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQR-S; Eysenck, Eysenck, & Barrett,1985). The findings support the psychometric properties of the extraversion, neuroticism and lie scales. The psychoticism scale, however, was found to be less satisfactory.

  2. Trusted Translation Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Atif, Yacine; Serhani, Mohamed Adel; Campbell, Piers; Mathew, Sujith Samuel

    Administering multilingual Web sites and applications reliably, involves interconnected and multipart tasks, where trust in the involved parties and content translation sources is paramount. Published Web sites may reflect content from databases, content management systems and other repositories to manage related Web content. But a Web site mirrored wholly or selectively onto a target language version requires streamlined trusted processes. Traditionally, files are translated and transferred via FTP, e-mail, or other communication means. Similarly, translation instructions are communicated between involved parties through verbal instruction, e-mail, and instruction files lead to a variety of inconsistencies and lack of trust in the translation process. This paper proposes a Web service approach to streamline the translation processes and an integration of trust properties in the proposed translation Web services. Web Services have been instrumental in handling problems inherent to systems integration, allowing web-based systems to converse and communicate data automatically. The OASIS Translation Web Services Technical Committee has released a standard way for Web Services to serve the translation and localization business. This article proposes a framework to centralize translation services at a reputable source providing a workflow and a mechanism to quantify service trust. An implementation of the framework is also described in the context of a localization case study.

  3. Translation and use of parent-completed developmental screening test in Shanghai

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiaoyan Bian; Guoying Yao; Jane Squires; Rob Hoselton; Ching-I Chen; Kimberly Murphy; Mei Wei; Binghua Fang

    2012-01-01

    As part of efforts throughout China to improve the outcomes of individuals with disabilities, the Shanghai government has launched a campaign to screen at least 95 percent of newborns. To assist in meeting this goal, the Ages & Stages Questionnaires (ASQ), Third Edition, was translated into Chinese and the feasibility of a screening system using the ASQ-Chinese translation (ASQ-C) was

  4. Examining English-German Translation Ambiguity Using Primed Translation Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eddington, Chelsea M.; Tokowicz, Natasha

    2013-01-01

    Many words have more than one translation across languages. Such "translation-ambiguous" words are translated more slowly and less accurately than their unambiguous counterparts. We examine the extent to which word context and translation dominance influence the processing of translation-ambiguous words. We further examine how these factors…

  5. Cross Cultural Adaptation of the Menopause Specific Questionnaire into the Persian Language

    PubMed Central

    Ghazanfarpour, M; Kaviani, M; Rezaiee, M; Ghaderi, E; Zandvakili, F

    2014-01-01

    Background: The menopause-specific quality-of-life (MENQOL) was developed as a specific tool to measure the health-related quality-of-life in menopausal women. Recently, it has been translated into about 15 languages. Aim: This study was performed to develop the Persian version of the MENQOL questionnaire from the original English language version. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated 300 menopausal women attending five primary health-care centers in Shiraz. The “forward-backward” procedure was applied to translate the questionnaire from English to Persian by two independent translators and then back translated into English and was checked to ensure the correct translation. Then, participants were interviewed and the questionnaire filled out. Results: Over all Cronbach's alpha was 0.9 and in subscales of vasomotor, psychosocial, physical and sexual were 0.8, 0.7, 0.8 and 0.3, respectively. However, the major items were acceptable (Cronbach's alpha > 0.7), but internal consistency in sexual item was poor (Cronbach's alpha = 0.3). The result of internal consistency was acceptable in subgroups of age, disease, education, marital status and smoking habit. Conclusions: The Persian MENQOL questionnaire demonstrates good internal consistency in vasomotor, physical and psychosocial domains, but not sexual. Therefore we suggest that, the items: “Vaginal dryness during intercourse” and “weight gain” should be deleted in Persian version of the MENQOL. This questionnaire can be used in Persian language and Iranian culture in different subgroups of age, marital status and educational level as well as in individuals with hypertension and diabetes. PMID:24971202

  6. Translation and Interpretation Techniques

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trahan, Elizabeth Welt

    1978-01-01

    Three techniques used in the training of translators and interpreters at the Monterey Institute which may be suitable for advanced language study are conceptualization, stylistic transposition, and sight translation. Language students may acquire the cultural and social ambiance of the target language through such training. (SW)

  7. Knowledge Based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ghulam Rasool Tahir; Sohail Asghar; Nayyer Masood

    2010-01-01

    Machine translation, a part of computational Linguistics, belongs to Natural Language Processing (NLP) and is a hot issue in the computational society. Gap between the linguist and the computer programmer, gives birth to so many problems like lexical ambiguity, syntactic and structural ambiguity, polysemy, induction, discourses, anaphoric ambiguity and different shade of meanings. Mostly English-to-Urdu machine translation systems were developed

  8. Cultural Knowledge in Translation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olk, Harald

    2003-01-01

    Describes a study exploring the influence of cultural knowledge on the translation performance of German students of English. Found that the students often lacked sufficient knowledge about British culture to deal with widely-used cultural concepts. Findings suggest that factual reference sources have an important role to play in translation

  9. Surveys and questionnaires in nursing research.

    PubMed

    Timmins, Fiona

    2015-06-17

    Surveys and questionnaires are often used in nursing research to elicit the views of large groups of people to develop the nursing knowledge base. This article provides an overview of survey and questionnaire use in nursing research, clarifies the place of the questionnaire as a data collection tool in quantitative research design and provides information and advice about best practice in the development of quantitative surveys and questionnaires. PMID:26080989

  10. The prosthesis evaluation questionnaire: reliability and cross-validation of the Turkish version

    PubMed Central

    Safer, Vildan Binay; Yavuzer, Gunes; Demir, Sibel Ozbudak; Yanikoglu, Inci; Guneri, Fulya Demircioglu

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] Currently, there are a limited number of amputee-specific instruments for measuring prosthesis-related quality of life with good psychometric properties in Turkey. This study translated the Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire to Turkish and analyzed as well as discussed its construct validity and internal consistency. [Subjects and Methods] The Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire was adapted for use in Turkish by forward/backward translation. The final Turkish version of this questionnaire was administered to 90 unilateral amputee patients. Second evaluation was possible in 83 participants within a median 28 day time period. [Results] Point estimates for the intraclass correlation coefficient ranged from 0.69 to 0.89 for all 9 Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire scales, indicating good correlation. Overall Cronbach’s alpha coefficients ranged from 0.64 to 0.92, except for the perceived response subscale of 0.39. The ambulation subscale was correlated with the physical functioning subscales of Short Form-36 (SF-36) (r=0.48). The social burden subscale score of the Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire was correlated with social functioning subscales of SF-36 (r= 0.63). [Conclusion] The Turkish version of the Prosthetic Evaluation Questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool for implementation in the Turkish unilateral amputee population. PMID:26180296

  11. Translation: Elements of a Craft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiderson, Mazin A.

    An overview of the skills, techniques, tools, and compensation of language translators and interpreters is offered. It begins with a definition of translation and a brief history of translation in the western world. Basic principles of translation dating back to Roman writers are also outlined. A five-step process in producing a good translation

  12. Theory of Test Translation Error

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solano-Flores, Guillermo; Backhoff, Eduardo; Contreras-Nino, Luis Angel

    2009-01-01

    In this article, we present a theory of test translation whose intent is to provide the conceptual foundation for effective, systematic work in the process of test translation and test translation review. According to the theory, translation error is multidimensional; it is not simply the consequence of defective translation but an inevitable fact…

  13. The Norwegian version of the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Markussen, Heidi; Lehmann, Sverre; Nilsen, Roy M; Natvig, Gerd K

    2015-06-01

    The aims of this study were to translate and adapt the Severe Respiratory Insufficiency (SRI) questionnaire into Norwegians and to test its reliability and validity.Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey and were linked to the Norwegian Registry of patients receiving long-term mechanical ventilation (LTMV). Of 193 potential participants, 127 responded to the SRI questionnaire. Reliability as measured with Cronbach's ? varied between 0.68 and 0.88 for the subscales and was 0.94 for SRI-sum score. Construct validity was obtained with high correlations between subscales in SF-36 and SRI. The SRI questionnaire discriminated well between universally accepted clinical differences among categories of patients receiving LTMV by significant dissimilarities in SRI-sum score and SRI subscales. The Norwegian version of SRI has well-documented psychometric properties regarding reliability and validity. It might be used in clinical practice and in international studies for assessing health-related quality of life in patients receiving LTMV. PMID:24762168

  14. Machine Translation: Learning without Word

    E-print Network

    Smith, David A.

    Machine Translation: Learning without Word Alignments Introduction to Natural Language Processing - Models will automatically learn entries in probabilistic translation dictionaries, for instance p lookup in existing dictionary 8 #12;Learning Word Translation Dictionaries Using Minimal Resources 9 #12

  15. Assessing Safety Culture in Pharmacies: The psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annika Nordén-Hägg; J Bryan Sexton; Sofia Kälvemark-Sporrong; Lena Ring; Åsa Kettis-Lindblad

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ. This study presents the validation of the SAQ for use in Swedish pharmacies. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented

  16. Genetics of translation

    SciTech Connect

    Tuite, M.F.; Picard, M.; Bolotin-Fukuhara, M.

    1988-01-01

    Translation, i.e. protein synthesis, studied from a genetic viewpoint is illustrated in this volume, demonstrating how researchers are employing both classical genetic and recombinant DNA techniques in studying the components, mechanisms, regulation and accuracy of protein synthesis. Both the prokaryotic (especially Escherichia coli) and eukaryotic (especially Saccharomyces cerevisiae) system are discussed, presenting both new information and the new genetic approaches available. This book does not concentrate on one particular aspect of translation, but provides an overview of the genetic approaches for dissecting the translation process as well as the current rapid advances made in the field through the use of in vitro genetics.

  17. Life is translation

    PubMed Central

    Zagrovic, Bojan

    2014-01-01

    Evolutionary origin of translation represents one of the key questions that Carl Woese addressed in his work. Here we give a personal account of his results in this area and the effect they have had on the field. PMID:24572678

  18. Machine Translation for Twitter 

    E-print Network

    Jehl, Laura Elisabeth

    2010-11-24

    We carried out a study in which we explored the feasibility of machine translation for Twitter for the language pair English and German. As a first step we created a small bilingual corpus of 1,000 tweets. Using this ...

  19. Development and Validation of the Korean Rome III Questionnaire for Diagnosis of Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Song, Kyung Ho; Min, Byung-Hoon; Youn, Young Hoon; Choi, Kee Don; Keum, Bo Ra; Huh, Kyu Chan

    2013-01-01

    Background/Aims A self-report questionnaire is frequently used to measure symptoms reliably and to distinguish patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) from those with other conditions. We produced and validated a cross-cultural adaptation of the Rome III questionnaire for diagnosis of FGIDs in Korea. Methods The Korean version of the Rome III (Rome III-K) questionnaire was developed through structural translational processes. Subsequently, reliability was measured by a test-retest procedure. Convergent validity was evaluated by comparing self-reported questionnaire data with the subsequent completion of the questionnaire by the physician based on an interview and with the clinical diagnosis. Concurrent validation using the validated Korean version of the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) was adopted to demonstrate discriminant validity. Results A total of 306 subjects were studied. Test-retest reliability was good, with a median Cronbach's ? value of 0.83 (range, 0.71-0.97). The degree of agreement between patient-administered and physician-administered questionnaires to diagnose FGIDs was excellent; the ? index was 0.949 for irritable bowel syndrome, 0.883 for functional dyspepsia and 0.927 for functional heartburn. The physician's clinical diagnosis of functional dyspepsia showed the most marked discrepancy with that based on the self-administered questionnaire. Almost all SF-36 domains were impaired in participants diagnosed with one of these FGIDs according to the Rome III-K. Conclusions We developed the Rome III-K questionnaire though structural translational processes, and it revealed good test-retest reliability and satisfactory construct validity. These results suggest that this instrument will be useful for clinical and research assessments in the Korean population. PMID:24199012

  20. Lost in Translation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lass, Wiebke; Reusswig, Fritz

    2014-05-01

    Lost in Translation? Introducing Planetary Boundaries into Social Systems. Fritz Reusswig, Wiebke Lass Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany Identifying and quantifying planetary boundaries by interdisciplinary science efforts is a challenging task—and a risky one, as the 1972 Limits to Growth publication has shown. Even if we may be assured that scientific understanding of underlying processes of the Earth system has significantly improved since then, the challenge of translating these findings into the social systems of the planet remains crucial for any kind of action, and in many respects far more challenging. We would like to conceptualize what could also be termed a problem of coupling social and natural systems as a nested set of social translation processes, well aware of the limited applicability of the language-related translation metaphor. Societies must, first, perceive these boundaries, and they have to understand their relevance. This includes, among many other things, the organization of transdisciplinary scientific cooperation. They will then have to translate this understood perception into possible actions, i.e. strategies for different local bodies, actors, and institutional settings. This implies a lot of 'internal' translation processes, e.g. from the scientific subsystem to the mass media, the political and the economic subsystem. And it implies to develop subsystem-specific schemes of evaluation for these alternatives, e.g. convincing narratives, cost-benefit analyses, or ethical legitimacy considerations. And, finally, societies do have to translate chosen action alternatives into monitoring and evaluation schemes, e.g. for agricultural production or renewable energies. This process includes the continuation of observing and re-analyzing the planetary boundary concept itself, as a re-adjustment of these boundaries in the light of new scientific insights cannot be excluded. Taken all together, societies may well get lost in translation here—and we have not yet mentioned the societal management of other problems, such as wars and civil wars, or 'taming' the global financial markets. After having sketched this conceptual outline in some detail, we would like to focus on three planetary boundaries for illustrative purposes: GHG emissions, nitrogen fertilization, and biodiversity loss, and highlight some similarities as well as dissimilarities in the social translation processes involved. We would limit the range of examples to the EU, USA, and India. In a last step, we would like to illustrate a promising way of translating one specific planetary boundary—anthropogenic climate change—by a case study on how it is translated into urban energy and climate policies with the example of climate neutral Berlin 2050.

  1. Consolidation and translation regulation

    PubMed Central

    Gal-Ben-Ari, Shunit; Kenney, Justin W.; Ounalla-Saad, Hadile; Taha, Elham; David, Orit; Levitan, David; Gildish, Iness; Panja, Debabrata; Pai, Balagopal; Wibrand, Karin; Simpson, T. Ian; Proud, Christopher G.; Bramham, Clive R.; Armstrong, J. Douglas; Rosenblum, Kobi

    2012-01-01

    mRNA translation, or protein synthesis, is a major component of the transformation of the genetic code into any cellular activity. This complicated, multistep process is divided into three phases: initiation, elongation, and termination. Initiation is the step at which the ribosome is recruited to the mRNA, and is regarded as the major rate-limiting step in translation, while elongation consists of the elongation of the polypeptide chain; both steps are frequent targets for regulation, which is defined as a change in the rate of translation of an mRNA per unit time. In the normal brain, control of translation is a key mechanism for regulation of memory and synaptic plasticity consolidation, i.e., the off-line processing of acquired information. These regulation processes may differ between different brain structures or neuronal populations. Moreover, dysregulation of translation leads to pathological brain function such as memory impairment. Both normal and abnormal function of the translation machinery is believed to lead to translational up-regulation or down-regulation of a subset of mRNAs. However, the identification of these newly synthesized proteins and determination of the rates of protein synthesis or degradation taking place in different neuronal types and compartments at different time points in the brain demand new proteomic methods and system biology approaches. Here, we discuss in detail the relationship between translation regulation and memory or synaptic plasticity consolidation while focusing on a model of cortical-dependent taste learning task and hippocampal-dependent plasticity. In addition, we describe a novel systems biology perspective to better describe consolidation. PMID:22904372

  2. Vergleichende Evaluation einer deutschen Version des Health Assessment Questionnaires (HAQ) und des Funktionsfragebogens Hannover (FFbH)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Lautenschläger; W. Mau; T. Kohlmann; H. H. Raspe; F. Struve; W. Brückle; H. Zeidler

    1997-01-01

    \\u000a Summary   Objective: To translate the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ) into a German version, to validate and\\u000a to compare its properties with two different versions of the Hannover Functional Ability Questionnaire (HFAQ) in a German\\u000a speaking population. Methods: The test-retest reliability was tested by Pearson correlation in 32 outpatients of the Department\\u000a of Rheumatology of the Medizinische Hochschule Hannover.

  3. Self Audit QuestionnaireSelf Audit QuestionnaireSelf Audit QuestionnaireSelf Audit Questionnaire A Self-Audit of your unit is included in the Internal Audit Plan for the current year. A Self-Audit Questionnaire is a

    E-print Network

    Cinabro, David

    of questions designed to identify areas of audit risk, the presence of internal controls to mitigateSelf Audit QuestionnaireSelf Audit QuestionnaireSelf Audit QuestionnaireSelf Audit Questionnaire A Self-Audit of your unit is included in the Internal Audit Plan for the current year. A Self-Audit

  4. Translating Alcohol Research

    PubMed Central

    Batman, Angela M.; Miles, Michael F.

    2015-01-01

    Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and its sequelae impose a major burden on the public health of the United States, and adequate long-term control of this disorder has not been achieved. Molecular and behavioral basic science research findings are providing the groundwork for understanding the mechanisms underlying AUD and have identified multiple candidate targets for ongoing clinical trials. However, the translation of basic research or clinical findings into improved therapeutic approaches for AUD must become more efficient. Translational research is a multistage process of streamlining the movement of basic biomedical research findings into clinical research and then to the clinical target populations. This process demands efficient bidirectional communication across basic, applied, and clinical science as well as with clinical practitioners. Ongoing work suggests rapid progress is being made with an evolving translational framework within the alcohol research field. This is helped by multiple interdisciplinary collaborative research structures that have been developed to advance translational work on AUD. Moreover, the integration of systems biology approaches with collaborative clinical studies may yield novel insights for future translational success. Finally, appreciation of genetic variation in pharmacological or behavioral treatment responses and optimal communication from bench to bedside and back may strengthen the success of translational research applications to AUD.

  5. Validation of Italian multiple sclerosis quality of life 54 questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Solari, A.; Filippini, G.; Mendozzi, L.; Ghezzi, A.; Cifani, S.; Barbieri, E.; Baldini, S.; Salmaggi, A.; Mantia, L. L.; Farinotti, M.; Caputo, D.; Mosconi, P.

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVES—Health related quality of life (HRQOL) inventories are multi-dimensional measures of patient-centred health status developed for clinical research. The MS quality of life 54 (MSQOL-54) is an MS-specific HRQOL inventory originally devised for English speaking patients. It consists of a core measure, the 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) previously adapted into Italian, and 18 additional items exploring domains relevant to patients with MS (MS-18 module). The authors translated and culturally adapted into Italian the MS-18 module of the MSQOL-54 questionnaire, and clinically validated the whole questionnaire.?METHODS—The MS-18 module was translated following the methodology of the International Quality of Life Assessment (IQOLA) project. The MSQOL-54 was validated in 204 consecutive patients with MS seen between April and September 1997 at three participating centres. The questionnaire was explained by the physician who also administered the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) and mini mental status scale examination, and the patient filled in the MSQOL-54 and Beck depression inventory questionnaires (BDI), with assistance if required. The contribution of impairments and disabilities to MSQOL-54 scores were assessed, and mean scores were compared with normative data for the general Italian population, and with the original sample of United States MS patients.?RESULTS—The mean age of the 204 patients was 42 years; mean EDSS score was 4.5 (range 0-8.5). Patients' participation in the assessment was satisfactory, and all scales satisfied the usual psychometric standards. The characteristics of the United States sample matched those of our patients in all but gender (72% United States patients v 52% Italian patients were women), and education (90% United States patients and 44% Italian patients completed high school); MSQOL-54 profiles were also similar. The EDSS was significantly associated with the physical health composite but not with the mental health composite score. Multiple linear regression modelling showed that age and BDI independently predicted physical health composite (p < 0.001), and mental health composite (p < 0.001). Clinical worsening in the previous year had an independent effect on the physical health composite (p < 0.001).?CONCLUSIONS—The Italian version of MSQOL-54 is easy to administer and is well accepted by patients. Neurological impairment has a limited influence on perceived quality of life, while age and depressive symptoms has a major influence.?? PMID:10406981

  6. Automatic translation among spoken languages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walter, Sharon M.; Costigan, Kelly

    1994-02-01

    The Machine Aided Voice Translation (MAVT) system was developed in response to the shortage of experienced military field interrogators with both foreign language proficiency and interrogation skills. Combining speech recognition, machine translation, and speech generation technologies, the MAVT accepts an interrogator's spoken English question and translates it into spoken Spanish. The spoken Spanish response of the potential informant can then be translated into spoken English. Potential military and civilian applications for automatic spoken language translation technology are discussed in this paper.

  7. Translation enhancer improves the ribosome liberation from translation initiation.

    PubMed

    Takahashi, Shuntaro; Furusawa, Hiroyuki; Ueda, Takuya; Okahata, Yoshio

    2013-09-01

    For translation initiation in bacteria, the Shine-Dalgarno (SD) and anti-SD sequence of the 30S subunit play key roles for specific interactions between ribosomes and mRNAs to determine the exact position of the translation initiation region. However, ribosomes also must dissociate from the translation initiation region to slide toward the downstream sequence during mRNA translation. Translation enhancers upstream of the SD sequences of mRNAs, which likely contribute to a direct interaction with ribosome protein S1, enhance the yields of protein biosynthesis. Nevertheless, the mechanism of the effect of translation enhancers to initiate the translation is still unknown. In this paper, we investigated the effects of the SD and enhancer sequences on the binding kinetics of the 30S ribosomal subunits to mRNAs and their translation efficiencies. mRNAs with both the SD and translation enhancers promoted the amount of protein synthesis but destabilized the interaction between the 30S subunit and mRNA by increasing the dissociation rate constant (koff) of the 30S subunit. Based on a model for kinetic parameters, a 16-fold translation efficiency could be achieved by introducing a tandem repeat of adenine sequences (A20) between the SD and translation enhancer sequences. Considering the results of this study, translation enhancers with an SD sequence regulate ribosomal liberation from translation initiation to determine the translation efficiency of the downstream coding region. PMID:23927491

  8. Validation of the Persian version of the 40-item amyotrophic lateral sclerosis assessment questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Shamshiri, Hosein; Eshraghian, Mohammad Reza; Ameli, Nastaran

    2013-01-01

    Background As a disease of motor nervous system (motor neuron disease), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has a great impact on several aspects of quality of life (QoL). Generic questionnaires of QoL do not address all the especial features of ALS and therefore translation and validation of disease specific questionnaires such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire 40-item (ALSAQ-40) is necessary for assessment of patients with different languages. The aim of this study was to review the validation of the Persian version of the ALSAQ-40. Methods Meticulously translated ALSAQ-40 was completed by 21 ALS patients. Internal reliability was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient and item-total correlation was also used to evaluate the correlation of each question with total score. Validity was evaluated through comparison with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-revised (ALSFRS-r) and the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Results Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.91-0.96 for different scales of the ALSAQ-40. All the 40 questions of the questionnaire had correlation greater than 0.5. Correlation coefficient of all the related scales of the Persian version of ALSAQ-40, SF-36 and ALSFRS-r was greater than 0.59 with P value < 0.001. Conclusion Measures of the Cronbach's alpha coefficient and item-total correlation demonstrated reliability and consistency of the questionnaire, and correlation coefficients confirmed the validity of different items in the questionnaire. This study showed that the Persian version of the ALSAQ-40 is a reliable and valid questionnaire for the evaluation of QoL in ALS patients with Persian language. PMID:24250914

  9. Data format translation routines

    SciTech Connect

    Burris, R.D.

    1981-02-01

    To enable the effective connection of several dissimilar computers into a network, modification of the data being passed from one computer to another may become necessary. This document describes a package of routines which permit the translation of data in PDP-8 formats to PDP-11 or DECsystem-10 formats or from PDP-11 format to DECsystem-10 format. Additional routines are described which permit the effective use of the translation routines in the environment of the Fusion Energy Division (FED) network and the Elmo Bumpy Torus (EBT) data base.

  10. Translational benchmark risk analysis

    PubMed Central

    Piegorsch, Walter W.

    2010-01-01

    Translational development – in the sense of translating a mature methodology from one area of application to another, evolving area – is discussed for the use of benchmark doses in quantitative risk assessment. Illustrations are presented with traditional applications of the benchmark paradigm in biology and toxicology, and also with risk endpoints that differ from traditional toxicological archetypes. It is seen that the benchmark approach can apply to a diverse spectrum of risk management settings. This suggests a promising future for this important risk-analytic tool. Extensions of the method to a wider variety of applications represent a significant opportunity for enhancing environmental, biomedical, industrial, and socio-economic risk assessments. PMID:20953283

  11. Dynamic Translation Memory: Using Statistical Machine Translation to Improve Translation Memory Fuzzy Matches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ergun Biçici; Marc Dymetman

    2008-01-01

    Professional translators of technical documents often use Translation Memory (TM) systems in order to capitalize on the repetitions\\u000a frequently observed in these documents. TM systems typically exploit not only complete matches between the source sentence\\u000a to be translated and some previously translated sentence, but also so-called fuzzy matches, where the source sentence has some substantial commonality with a previously translated

  12. Mental Health of Australian Deaf Adolescents: An Investigation Using an Auslan Version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornes, Andrew J.; Brown, P. Margaret

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated mental health problems in 54 deaf adolescents between 11 and 18 years of age residing in the states of New South Wales and Tasmania in Australia. Mental health problems were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; Goodman, 1997). The SDQ Self Report was translated into Australian Sign Language…

  13. Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), Generic version (Short Form 2006)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen T Deilkås; Dag Hofoss

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: How to protect patients from harm is a question of universal interest. Measuring and improving safety culture in care giving units is an important strategy for promoting a safe environment for patients. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is the only instrument that measures safety culture in a way which correlates with patient outcome. We have translated the SAQ to

  14. Validating the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Dutch Children: Psychometric Properties and a Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factor Structures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sleddens, Ester F. C.; Kremers, Stef P. J.; Candel, Math J. J. M.; De Vries, Nanne N. K.; Thijs, Carel

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examined the factorial validity of the Dutch translation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) and the Very Short Form scores. In addition, we conducted cross-cultural comparisons of temperament structure. In total, 353 parents of 6- to 8-year-olds completed the instrument. The original higher order factor structure of…

  15. [Cultural adaptation of "Questionnaires for Knowledge and Compliance with Standard Precaution" to Brazilian Portuguese].

    PubMed

    Valim, Marília Duarte; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to adapt the "Questionnaires for Knowledge and Compliance with Standard Precaution" to Brazilian Portuguese. This was a methodological study with the following steps: 1) initial translations; 2) synthesis of translations; 3) analysis by a committee of experts; 4) back translation; 5) semantic validation; and 6) pretest. The sample was composed of 42 nurses, 12 of which participated in the semantic validation, and 30 of which participated in the pretest. The study was conducted in a teaching hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The semantic validation showed that the questionnaires are understandable, easy to complete, and appropriate in regard to knowledge and compliance with standard precautions. The pretest confirmed the final version. Therefore, the process of cultural adaptation was shown to be satisfactory, and the questionnaires are adapted to Brazilian Portuguese, and their process of validation should be continued to test the psychometric characteristics. After that, the instruments will be ready for use in Brazil. PMID:25080697

  16. Lost in the Translation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albrecht, Karl

    1996-01-01

    Guidelines for working with translators in training situations include meeting them beforehand, identifying their comfort level, clearing jokes, giving them copies of handouts, acknowledging their presence, trying a brief introduction in the local language, speaking slowly, and using simple sentence structure. (JOW)

  17. "Rose Blanche" in Translation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stan, Susan

    2004-01-01

    This comparative study focuses on three editions of "Rose Blanche," Roberto Innocenti's picturebook portrayal of a young girl who discovers a Nazi concentration camp on the outskirts of her German city. The original text, written in French by Christophe Gallaz to accompany Innocenti's illustrations, was translated into English and published in the…

  18. Learning Translation Templates From Bilingual Text

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroyuki Kaji; Yuuko Kida; Yasutsugu Morimoto

    1992-01-01

    This paper proposes a two-phase example-based machine translation methodology which develops translation templates from examples and then translates using template matching. This method improves translation quality and facilitates customization of machine translation systems. This paper focuses on the automatic learning of translation templates. A translation template is a bilingual pair of sentences in which corresponding units (words and pharases) are

  19. Translation and Translators: An International Directory and Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congrat-Butlar, Stefan

    This guide, designed for editors, publishers, libraries, teachers and students of translation and interpretation, and agencies that employ translators and/or interpreters, covers eight areas of interest. The categories treated are the following: (1) recent history and breakthroughs; (2) associations and centers for translators covering 84 groups…

  20. Inducing Translation Templates for Example-Based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Carl

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes an example-based ma- chine translation (EBMT) system which relays on various knowledge resources. Mor- phologic analyses abstract the surface forms of the languages to be translated. A shal- low syntactic rule formalism is used to per- colate features in derivation trees. Trans- lation examples serve the decomposition of the text to be translated and determine the transfer

  1. Translation in Language Teaching: Insights from Professional Translator Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carreres, Angeles; Noriega-Sanchez, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The past three decades have seen vast changes in attitudes towards translation, both as an academic discipline and as a profession. The insights we have gained in recent years, in particular in the area of professional translator training, call for a reassessment of the role of translation in language teaching. Drawing on research and practices in…

  2. Lost in Translation: Examining Translation Errors Associated with Mathematical Representations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adu-Gyamfi, Kwaku; Stiff, Lee V.; Bosse, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Translation errors and conceptual misunderstandings made by students translating among graphical, tabular, and symbolic representations of linear functions were examined. The study situated student errors in the context of the "Translation-Verification Model" developed specifically for the purpose of explaining student behavior during the process…

  3. Standardization of European Medical Risk Related History questionnaire for use with Persian-speaking population

    PubMed Central

    Pooyafared, Adeleh; Hashemipour, Maryam Alsadat; Baharloey, Kheyzaran; Shafiei, Leili; Montajeb, Forogheh

    2015-01-01

    Background: Today, the dental practitioners are finding many more medically compromised patients in their practice. Aims: The aim of this study was standardization of the European Medical Risk Related History (EMRRH) questionnaire for use among Persian population. Materials and Methods: The English original version of the EMRRH questionnaire was translated into Persian language by a forward–backward translation method. Then reliability was tested on 50 subjects. Also, the sensitivity, specificity, and validity of the questionnaire were assessed. Statistical Analysis Used: Cohen's kappa, a measure of agreement between observers that includes an adjustment for chance agreement, was likewise calculated. Results: The reliability coefficient (Cronbach's alpha) of the EMRRH was above the recommended 0.7 threshold and considered excellent (alpha 0.87). Specificity of the questions was 94% and of per EMRRH item was 93%. Sensitivity per question was 86.1% and of per EMRRH item was 94%. Cohen's kappa for the questionnaire was 0.89 and for subsequent questions was 0.82. Conclusions: The EMRRH (Persian version) has been shown to be valid in comparison with the gold standard (a medical history taken by a physician experienced) and this instrument would be an effectual method of history taking for the dentist. PMID:26097855

  4. Translational Research in Space Exploration

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Iyengar, M. Sriram; Johnson-Throop, Kathy A.; Bernstam, Elmer; Meric-Bernstam, Funda

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews NASA's role in medical translational research, and the importance in research for space exploration. The application of medical research for space exploration translates to health care in space medicine, and on earth.

  5. Translating Map stylus movement to

    E-print Network

    Bridson, Robert

    Translating Map stylus movement to translation in camera plane. 3D anchor remains under cursor effects (smoke surface shown here) needs good 3D navigation: · easily view from all angles · fluidly track

  6. Clinical & Translational Research Scholars Programme

    E-print Network

    Clinical & Translational Research Scholars Programme PhD Scholarship Applications Invited A unique cross-institutional structured PhD programme, integrated with industry and clinical research centres Clinical & Translational Research Scholars Programme. The successful candidates will commence studies

  7. Reliability and validity study of Persian modified version of MUSIC (musculoskeletal intervention center) – Norrtalje questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Alipour, Akbar; Ghaffari, Mostafa; Jensen, Irene; Shariati, Batoul; Vingard, Eva

    2007-01-01

    Background Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerning MSDs and their relation to work-related physical and psychosocial factors, as well as non-work-related factors, is the MUSIC-Norrtalje study in Sweden. In this study, the research group developed a questionnaire, which has been validated during its development process and is now considered a well-known instrument. The aim of this study is to validate the Persian version of this questionnaire. Methods The first step was to establish two expert panel groups in Iran and Sweden. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) method was used to detect questionnaire face and content validity. To detect questionnaire reliability, we used the test-retest method. Results Except for two items, all other questions that respondents had problems with in the focus group (20 of 297), had unclear translations; the ambiguity was related to the stem of the questions and the predicted answers were clear for the participants. The concepts of 'household/spare time' and 'physical activity in the workplace' were not understood by the participants of FGD; this has been solved by adding further descriptions to these phrases in the translation. In the test-retest study, the reliability coefficient was relatively high in most items (only 5 items out of 297 had an ICC or kappa below 0.7). Conclusion The findings from the present study provide evidence that the Persian version of the MUSIC questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument. PMID:17764557

  8. Information Assurance, Privacy, and Security in Ubiquitous Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuichi Goto; Jingde Cheng

    2009-01-01

    Ubiquitous questionnaire is to provide users with e-questionnaire services anytime and anywhere such that one can use e-questionnaire servers without even thinking about them. An e-questionnaire server for ubiquitous questionnaire should provide guarantees to satisfy any user-specified requirement on information assurance, privacy, and security because some questionnaires may concern organization secrets as well as personal privacy, and some questionnaires such

  9. Development of the Eating Habits Questionnaire 

    E-print Network

    Graham, Erin Collins

    2005-02-17

    The purpose of the studies presented was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Eating Habits Questionnaire (EHQ). The author designed the 21-item self-report inventory to assess cognitions, behaviors, and feelings related...

  10. Web Developer, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ)

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Web Developer, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ) Professional Staff Instructions What Below to Certify Approval or Disapproval: Approval Disapproval ( ) ( ) TBD, Web Developer Position Title: Web Developer Employee Name: TBD Phone: Supervisor Name & Title: TBD, Production Team

  11. Multimedia Developer, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ)

    E-print Network

    Barrash, Warren

    Multimedia Developer, TBD Job Description Questionnaire (JDQ) Professional Staff Instructions What Below to Certify Approval or Disapproval: Approval Disapproval ( ) ( ) TBD, Multimedia Developer Position Title: Multimedia Developer Employee Name: TBD Phone: Supervisor Name & Title: TBD, Production

  12. Development of the Sport Orientation Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Diane L.; Deeter, Thomas E.

    1988-01-01

    An analysis of the Sport Orientation Questionnaire, a multidimensional, sport-specific measure of individual differences in achievement orientation, indicates that it is a valid and reliable measure of individual sport achievement orientation. (JD)

  13. Translation Cost, Quality and Adequacy

    PubMed Central

    Hendrickson, Sherry G.; Harrison, Tracie C.; Lopez, Nora A.; Zegarra-Coronado, Aurea G; Ricks, Tiffany

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Although the inclusion of non-native-speaking participants in nursing research is important in every country where nursing research takes place, the literature contains little on the method of achieving quality translation while simultaneously addressing cost containment. We describe a process for evaluating translation adequacy and demonstrate its use in comparing procedures for translating data from non-native-speaking interviews. Organizing Construct This work demonstrates a process for establishing, evaluating, and achieving translation adequacy when conducting qualitative research for cross-cultural comparisons. Method In an ethnographic investigation of disability in Mexican American women, we describe a process for obtaining translation adequacy, defined here as the methodological goal whereby the quality of the translated text meets the needs of the specified study. Using a subset of responses transcribed from Spanish audiotapes into Spanish text, text was subjected to two separate translation processes, which were compared for adequacy based on error rates and accuracy of meaning as well as cost. Findings The process for discriminating translation adequacy was sensitive to differences in certified versus noncertified translators. While the non-certified translation initially appeared to be seven times less expensive than the certified process, auditing and correcting errors in noncertified translations substantially increased cost. No errors were found with the certified translations. Conclusions The level of translation adequacy needed for any qualitative study should be considered before beginning the study itself. Based on a predetermined level, translation choices can be assessed using specified methods, which can also lead to greater transparency in the research process. Clinical Relevance An ongoing process to verify translation outcomes including cost, a component minimally discussed in the current literature, is relevant to nurses worldwide. Awareness of expense and quality issues makes greater methodological transparency possible in the design of translation projects and research studies. PMID:23676081

  14. Multilingual lexicons for machine translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lim Lian Tze

    2009-01-01

    Despite the numerous bad press received by machine translation systems, they are invaluable in aiding users to quickly gather the essence of texts written in an unfamiliar language, particularly on the Web. Sufficiently accurate translation of lexical items is essential to satisfy such needs. Lexicon resources, especially a well-designed multilingual lexicon is needed to facilitate effective translation selection of lexical

  15. Knowledge Translation: Implications for Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davison, Colleen M.

    2009-01-01

    Translation theory originates in the field of applied linguistics and communication. The term knowledge translation has been adopted in health and other fields to refer to the exchange, synthesis, and application of knowledge. The logic model is a circular or iterative loop among various knowledge translation actors (knowledge producers and users)…

  16. PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY (http://www.nature.com/tp/) This press release is copyrighted to the journal Translational Psychiatry Its use is granted only for journalists and news media of 1934. PICTURES: While we are happy for images from Translational Psychiatry to be reproduced

  17. PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY (http://www.nature.com/tp/) This press release is copyrighted to the journal Translational Psychiatry Its use is granted only for journalists and news media Translational Psychiatry to be reproduced for the purposes of contemporaneous news reporting, you must also seek

  18. PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY (http://www.nature.com/tp/) This press release is copyrighted to the journal Translational Psychiatry Its use is granted only for journalists and news media: While we are happy for images from Translational Psychiatry to be reproduced for the purposes

  19. On Yao's method of translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    X. Liu; C. Hoede

    2002-01-01

    Machine Translation, i.e., translating one kind of natural language to another kind of natural language by using a computer system, is a very important research branch in Artificial Intelligence. Yao developed a method of translation that he called ``Lexical-Semantic Driven\\

  20. Empathy in group psychoanalytic psychotherapy: questionnaire development.

    PubMed

    Pavlovi?, Slavica; Vlastelica, Mirela

    2008-09-01

    The aim of this study is to develop a questionnaire that can observe empathy in group psychoanalytic psychotherapy and examine the structure of its factors. A questionnaire comprised of 160 items in five-point Likert-type scale was developed through analysis of communication and interaction related to empathizing during group sessions. The questionnaire was applied on 256 patients from 40 therapy groups in 9 cities in Croatia. All 20 group analysts are trained in the Institute for Group Analysis in Zagreb. The patients were selected based on group analysis criteria. After item discrimination and principal component analysis limited to five factors were assessed, 80 items were isolated, 20 of which made a control scale for socially desirable responses. Two parallel questionnaire forms were developed: Group-Analysis-Empathy 1 (GA-Em1) and Group-Analysis-Empathy 2 (GA-Em2). A new, reliable and valid questionnaire for empathy observation employable in group psychotherapy was designed. The following factors were isolated by means of factor analysis: 1. Emotional disclosure and sensibility; 2. Containing and metabolizing; 3. Immersion; 4. Resonance and responsiveness; 5. Insight. A new questionnaire on empathy in group-analytical psychotherapy can measure the capacity for emotional communication among group members and between the group and the group analyst - conductor. PMID:18982775

  1. Translating Web Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucian Popa; Yannis Velegrakis; Renée J. Miller; Mauricio A. Hernández; Ronald Fagin

    2002-01-01

    We present a novel framework for mapping between any combination of XML and rela- tional schemas, in which a high-level, user- specified mapping is translated into semanti- cally meaningful queries that transform source data into the target representation. Our ap- proach works in two phases. In the first phase, the high-level mapping, expressed as a set of inter-schema correspondences, is

  2. Machine Translation from Speech

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwartz, Richard; Olive, Joseph; McCary, John; Christianson, Caitlin

    This chapter describes approaches for translation from speech. Translation from speech presents two new issues. First, of course, we must recognize the speech in the source language. Although speech recognition has improved considerably over the last three decades, it is still far from being a solved problem. In the best of conditions, when the speech comes from high quality, carefully enunciated speech, on common topics (such as speech read by a trained news broadcaster), the word error rate is typically on the order of 5%. Humans can typically transcribe speech like this with less than 1% disagreement between annotators, so even this best number is still far worse than human performance. However, the task gets much harder when anything changes from this ideal condition. Some of the conditions that cause higher error rate are, if the topic is somewhat unusual, or the speakers are not reading so that their speech is more spontaneous, or if the speakers have an accent or are speaking a dialect, or if there is any acoustic degradation, such as noise or reverberation. In these cases, the word error can increase significantly to 20%, 30%, or higher. Accordingly, most of this chapter discusses techniques for improving speech recognition accuracy, while one section discusses techniques for integrating speech recognition with translation.

  3. Psychometric properties of the Brazilian-adapted version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire in public child daycare centers.

    PubMed

    Filgueiras, Alberto; Pires, Pedro; Maissonette, Silvia; Landeira-Fernandez, J

    2013-08-01

    Well-designed screening assessment instruments that can evaluate child development in public daycare centers represent an important resource to help improve the quality of these programs, as an early detection method for early developmental delay. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd edition (ASQ-3), comprises a series of 21 questionnaires designed to screen developmental performance in the domains of communication, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, problem solving, and personal-social ability in children aged 2 to 66 months. The purpose of the present work was to translate and adapt all of the ASQ-3 questionnaires for use in Brazilian public child daycare centers and to explore their psychometric characteristics with both Classical Test Theory and Rating Scale analyses from the Rasch model family. A total of 18 Ages & Stages Questionnaires - Brazilian translation (ASQ-BR) questionnaires administered at intervals from 6 to 60 months of age were analyzed based on primary caregiver evaluations of 45,640 children distributed in 468 public daycare centers in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The results indicated that most of the ASQ-BR questionnaires had adequate internal consistency. Exploratory factor analyses yielded a one-factor solution for each domain of all of the ASQ-BR questionnaires. The only exception was the personal-social domain in some of the questionnaires. Item Response Theory based on Rating Scale analysis (infit and outfit mean squares statistics) indicated that only 44 of 540 items showed misfit problems. In summary, the ASQ-BR questionnaires are psychometrically sound developmental screening instruments that can be easily administered by primary caregivers. PMID:23507472

  4. A methodology for successfully producing global translations of patient reported outcome measures for use in multiple countries.

    PubMed

    Two, Rebecca; Verjee-Lorenz, Aneesa; Clayson, Darren; Dalal, Mehul; Grotzinger, Kelly; Younossi, Zobair M

    2010-01-01

    The production of accurate and culturally relevant translations of patient reported outcome (PRO) measures is essential for the success of international clinical trials. Although there are many reports in publication regarding the translation of PRO measures, the techniques used to produce single translations for use in multiple countries (global translations) are not well documented. This article addresses this apparent lack of documentation and presents the methodology used to create global translations of the Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire-Hepatitis C Virus (CLDQ-HCV). The challenges of creating a translation for use in multiple countries are discussed, and the criteria for a global translation project explained. Based on a thorough translation and linguistic validation methodology including a concept elaboration, multiple forward translations, two back translations, reviews by in-country clinicians and the instrument developer, pilot testing in each target country and multiple sets of proofreading, the key concept of the global translation methodology is consistent international harmonization, achieved through the involvement of linguists from each target country at every stage of the process. This methodology enabled the successful resolution of the translation issues encountered, and resulted in consistent translations of the CLDQ-HCV that were linguistically and culturally appropriate for all target countries. PMID:19695006

  5. Development of the Migrant Friendly Maternity Care Questionnaire (MFMCQ) for migrants to Western societies: an international Delphi consensus process

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Through the World Health Assembly Resolution, ‘Health of Migrants’, the international community has identified migrant health as a priority. Recommendations for general hospital care for international migrants in receiving-countries have been put forward by the Migrant Friendly Hospital Initiative; adaptations of these recommendations specific to maternity care have yet to be elucidated and validated. We aimed to develop a questionnaire measuring migrant-friendly maternity care (MFMC) which could be used in a range of maternity care settings and countries. Methods This study was conducted in four stages. First, questions related to migrant friendly maternity care were identified from existing questionnaires including the Migrant Friendliness Quality Questionnaire, developed in Europe to capture recommended general hospital care for migrants, and the Mothers In a New Country (MINC) Questionnaire, developed in Australia and revised for use in Canada to capture the maternity care experiences of migrant women, and combined to create an initial MFMC questionnaire. Second, a Delphi consensus process in three rounds with a panel of 89 experts in perinatal health and migration from 17 countries was undertaken to identify priority themes and questions as well as to clarify wording and format. Third, the draft questionnaire was translated from English to French and Spanish and back-translated and subsequently culturally validated (assessed for cultural appropriateness) by migrant women. Fourth, the questionnaire was piloted with migrant women who had recently given birth in Montreal, Canada. Results A 112-item questionnaire on maternity care from pregnancy, through labour and birth, to postpartum care, and including items on maternal socio-demographic, migration and obstetrical characteristics, and perceptions of care, has been created - the Migrant Friendly Maternity Care Questionnaire (MFMCQ) – in three languages (English, French and Spanish). It is completed in 45 minutes via interview administration several months post-birth. Conclusions A 4-stage process of questionnaire development with international experts in migrant reproductive health and research resulted in the MFMCQ, a questionnaire measuring key aspects of migrant-sensitive maternity care. The MFMCQ is available for further translation and use to examine and compare care and perceptions of care within and across countries, and by key socio-demographic, migration, and obstetrical characteristics of migrant women. PMID:24916892

  6. A Preliminary Investigation into Motivational Factors Associated with Older Adults' Problem Gambling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Dave; Clarkson, Joanne

    2009-01-01

    Little is known about the relative importance of older problem gamblers' motives for gambling. A questionnaire consisting of demographic items, questions about gambling behavior, the past year Revised South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS-R), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Gambling Motivation Scale (GMS), was completed by a…

  7. Pour citer cet article : Laurent, A., Chahraoui, K., L'impact du stress professionnel sur les intervenants SMUR. Pratiques psychologiques (2011), doi:10.1016/j.prps.2010.11.003

    E-print Network

    Jeanjean, Louis

    2011-01-01

    ­ le Job Stress Survey (JSS), le Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) et le questionnaire de santé générale staff and to study the extent to which they can have an impact on burnout and the level of psychological Survey (JSS), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ- 12

  8. Development of the young spine questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood. Consequently, preventive efforts must be targeted the young population but research relating to spinal problems in this age group is scarce. Focus has primarily been on the working age population, and therefore specific questionnaires to measure spinal pain and its consequences, specifically aimed at children and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire for schoolchildren filling this gap. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – a conceptualisation, development and testing phase. The conceptualisation phase followed the Wilson and Cleary model and included questions regarding spinal prevalence estimates, pain frequency and intensity, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. Items from existing questionnaires and the “Revised Faces Pain Scale” (rFPS) were included during the development phase. The testing phase consisted of a mixed quantitative and qualitative iterative method carried out in two pilot tests using 4th grade children and focusing on assessment of spinal area location and item validity. Results The testing phase resulted in omission of the pain drawings and the questions and answer categories were simplified in several questions. Agreement between the questionnaire prevalence estimates and the interviews ranged between 83.7% (cervical pain today) and 97.9% (thoracic pain today). To improve the understanding of the spinal boundaries we added bony landmarks to the spinal drawings after pilot test I. This resulted in an improved sense of spinal boundary location in pilot test II. Correlations between the rFPS and the interview pain score ranged between 0.67 (cervical spine) and 0.79 (lumbar spine). Conclusions The Young Spine Questionnaire contains questions that assess spinal pain and its consequences. The items have been tested for content understanding and agreement between questionnaire scores and interview findings among target respondents. These preliminary results suggest that the YSQ is feasible, has content validity and is a well understood questionnaire to be used in studies of children aged 9 to 11 years. PMID:23758965

  9. Validation of the Portuguese version of the Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Pereira, Rui Pedro Gomes; Guerra, Ana Cristina Pinheiro; Cardoso, Maria José da Silva Peixoto de Oliveira; dos Santos, Alzira Teresa Vieira Martins Ferreira; de Figueiredo, Maria do Céu Aguiar Barbieri; Carneiro, António Cândido Vaz

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: to describe the process of translation and linguistic and cultural validation of the Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire for the Portuguese context: Questionário de Eficácia Clínica e Prática Baseada em Evidências (QECPBE). METHOD: a methodological and cross-sectional study was developed. The translation and back translation was performed according to traditional standards. Principal Components Analysis with orthogonal rotation according to the Varimax method was used to verify the QECPBE's psychometric characteristics, followed by confirmatory factor analysis. Internal consistency was determined by Cronbach's alpha. Data were collected between December 2013 and February 2014. RESULTS: 358 nurses delivering care in a hospital facility in North of Portugal participated in the study. QECPBE contains 20 items and three subscales: Practice (?=0.74); Attitudes (?=0.75); Knowledge/Skills and Competencies (?=0.95), presenting an overall internal consistency of ?=0.74. The tested model explained 55.86% of the variance and presented good fit: ?2(167)=520.009; p = 0.0001; ?2df=3.114; CFI=0.908; GFI=0.865; PCFI=0.798; PGFI=0.678; RMSEA=0.077 (CI90%=0.07-0.08). CONCLUSION: confirmatory factor analysis revealed the questionnaire is valid and appropriate to be used in the studied context. PMID:26039307

  10. Psychometric Properties of the Korean Version of Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Kweon, Yong-Sil; Jung, Na Young; Wang, Sheng-Min; Rauch, Sheila A.M.; Chae, Jeong Ho; Lee, Hae-Kook; Lee, Chung Tai

    2013-01-01

    The present study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Korean version of Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire (SASRQ). A Korean version of the SASRQ was produced through forward translation, reconciliation, and back translation. A total of 100 healthy, non-clinical participants were selected through screening and clinical interview, and they each were given a set of questionnaires including SASRQ. Psychometric properties of SASRQ were then examined through statistical analyses. Full-scale and subscales of SASRQ yielded excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.98 and 0.78-0.95, respectively). Test-retest reliability at 2-week intervals was satisfactory, with coefficient r ranging between 0.47 and 0.71. Convergent validity was also demonstrated by strong correlations between SASRQ and other trauma-related questionnaires. Correlation with Social Desirability Scale, however, was not found to be significant; thus evidenced divergent validity. The Korean version of SASRQ appears to be a reliable and valid measurement tool for assessing symptoms of acute stress disorder. Including clinical samples for comparison with controls would be necessary in future studies. PMID:24265534

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire

    E-print Network

    van Lambalgen, Michiel

    to the defining features of autism. A new instru- ment designed to measure the BAP in adults, the Broad AutismORIGINAL PAPER The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire Robert S. E. Hurley Æ Molly Losh Æ Morgan+Business Media, LLC 2006 Abstract The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a set of personality and language

  12. The Emergency Medical Services Safety Attitudes Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Daniel Patterson; David T. Huang; Rollin J. Fairbanks; Henry E. Wang

    2010-01-01

    To characterize safety culture in emergency medical services (EMS), the authors modified a validated safety culture instrument, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The pilot instrument was administered to 3 EMS agencies in a large metropolitan area. The authors characterized safety culture across 6 domains: safety climate, teamwork climate, perceptions of management, job satisfaction, working conditions, and stress recognition. The feasibility

  13. IRON AND STEEL EFFLUENT GUIDELINES ECONOMIC QUESTIONNAIRE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Resource Purpose: This information acquired via the questionnaire is used to support development of the effluent guidelines for the Iron and Steel Point Source Category (40CFR Part 420). One of the statutory decision criteria for the adoption of a best available treatment t...

  14. Outlier Detection in Test and Questionnaire Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zijlstra, Wobbe P.; Van Der Ark, L. Andries; Sijtsma, Klaas

    2007-01-01

    Classical methods for detecting outliers deal with continuous variables. These methods are not readily applicable to categorical data, such as incorrect/correct scores (0/1) and ordered rating scale scores (e.g., 0,..., 4) typical of multi-item tests and questionnaires. This study proposes two definitions of outlier scores suited for categorical…

  15. MINNESOTA STATE GRANT QUESTIONNAIRE RETURN FORM

    E-print Network

    Amin, S. Massoud

    MINNESOTA STATE GRANT QUESTIONNAIRE RETURN FORM: BY MAIL TO: Office of Student Finance 20 Fraser are not eligible for the Minnesota State Grant. Will you be receiving Wisconsin, South Dakota, North Dakota, sign, and return this form to One Stop. You are not eligible for the Minnesota State Grant. If you

  16. The MODIA Questionnaire for Curriculum Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bretz, Rudy

    In a series of four interrelated reports, Rand work to date for the Air Force on the development of methodologies for designing programs of instruction is reported. This report, the third of the series, presents and discusses the use of a questionnaire that help curriculum designers to analyze a course of study to gauge its requirements for…

  17. TICS modelling : Conception of questionnaire Sylvie Damy

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TICS modelling : Conception of questionnaire Sylvie Damy Associate professor in Computer Science Techniques ­ 16 Route de Gray- F-25030 Besançon cedex Introduction Within the framework of the action "TICS. The modelling of the "Territorial Intelligence Community Systems", or TICS is useful to transcribe

  18. Cardiff's TELEform: Scanning the Diet History Questionnaire

    Cancer.gov

    Software, such as Cardiff's TELEform Information Capture System, is available to create and print a scannable version of the Diet History Questionnaire form. To create booklets, you may still need to hire a professional printer. Using TELEform, you will be able to scan the instrument with an imaging scanner (contact Cardiff for specifications).

  19. Gentle Logging System Evaluation (PARTICIPANTS' QUESTIONNAIRE REPORT)

    E-print Network

    Raymond O. Miller and William E. Cook 1 Abstract Five, new, cut-to-length harvesting systems wereGentle Logging System Evaluation (PARTICIPANTS' QUESTIONNAIRE REPORT) November 26, 2001 Raymond O. Miller William E. Cook Published by Michigan State University Upper Peninsula Tree Improvement Center

  20. PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    PARENT QUESTIONNAIRE Has your child had swim lessons before? Yes No Is your child com- fortable in the water? Parent/child or level 1 class No Level 1 class Yes Does your child put their face in the water? No Level 2 class Yes Can your child swim underwater, swim Front crawl, and back crawl? No Level 3 class Yes

  1. Preparation of neuroradiologic procedures: a questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. F. Binet; C. D. Bice

    2009-01-01

    Responses to a questionnaire sent to members of the ASNR indicated that most neuroradiologists do not believe extensive precautions reduce the infection rate for the routine patient undergoing myelography or femoral cerebral angiography. Most neuroradiologists queried do not routinely perform a surgical scrub before each procedure. Most wear sterile gloves and gowns, but not caps or masks. They do prepare

  2. Construct Validity of the Social Coping Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swiatek, Mary Ann; Cross, Tracy L.

    2007-01-01

    The Social coping Questionnaire (SCQ) measures strategies used by gifted adolescents to minimize the negative effect they believe their high ability has on their social interactions. Previous studies have supported the factor structure, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the SCQ. The current study provides construct validity…

  3. ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire

    E-print Network

    Rock, Chris

    ENERGY EXCEPTION REQUEST Energy Exception Request Questionnaire rev AA.01 2013/04/02 GUIDELINES which exceed the normal schedule by completing this Energy Exception Request and submitting it to the Office of Energy Management. Energy Management will prepare a cost analysis and return

  4. Residency Questionnaire Office of the University Registrar

    E-print Network

    Glasser, Adrian

    Residency Questionnaire Office of the University Registrar Houston, TX 77204-2027 Drop Off Location qualifies to become a resident of Texas for tuition purposes. The determination of residency classification for tuition purposes is governed by statutes enacted by the Texas Legislature and rules and regulations

  5. The pornography craving questionnaire: psychometric properties.

    PubMed

    Kraus, Shane; Rosenberg, Harold

    2014-04-01

    Despite the prevalence of pornography use, and recent conceptualization of problematic use as an addiction, we could find no published scale to measure craving for pornography. Therefore, we conducted three studies employing young male pornography users to develop and evaluate such a questionnaire. In Study 1, we had participants rate their agreement with 20 potential craving items after reading a control script or a script designed to induce craving to watch pornography. We dropped eight items because of low endorsement. In Study 2, we revised both the questionnaire and cue exposure stimuli and then evaluated several psychometric properties of the modified questionnaire. Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation supported interpreting the 12 revised items as a single scale. Correlations of craving scores with preoccupation with pornography, sexual history, compulsive internet use, and sensation seeking provided support for convergent validity, criterion validity, and discriminant validity, respectively. The enhanced imagery script did not impact reported craving; however, more frequent users of pornography reported higher craving than less frequent users regardless of script condition. In Study 3, craving scores demonstrated good one-week test-retest reliability and predicted the number of times participants used pornography during the following week. This questionnaire could be applied in clinical settings to plan and evaluate therapy for problematic users of pornography and as a research tool to assess the prevalence and contextual triggers of craving among different types of pornography users. PMID:24469338

  6. Empirical study on a publisher questionnaire network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lei Yuan; Hui Chang; Da-Ren He

    2007-01-01

    The China High Education Publisher distributed ten thousands of questionnaires to university students for knowing their satisfaction degree on the published textbooks. We empirically investigate the statistical properties by using a network description. In the network the vertices are defined as textbooks, two vertices are connected by an edge when the students in a common specialty used them. A student

  7. DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE:_____________________________

    E-print Network

    Acton, Scott

    DRUG STUDY QUESTIONNAIRE PROGRAM DIRECTOR:______________________________________ DATE and/or efficacy of a drug? A. If yes, is the testing, study, evaluation or research primarily for use in pharmaceutical pre-market clearance applications to the Food and Drug Administration? 2. Is drug administered

  8. Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

  9. AltaVista Babelfish Translation

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The well-known AltaVista search service has teamed with SYSTRAN Software, Inc. (discussed in the January 24, 1997 Scout report) to offer this web page translation service in the language pairs of English-Spanish, English-French, English-German, English-Portugese, and English-Italian from the main Altavista page. Users can search and then simply hit the translate button, at which time the language options are given. Users may also use the direct translation page; at present this method is more effective when page content is cut and pasted directly than when an URL is specified. Translations, as might be expected, tend to be fairly wooden.

  10. Translational reprogramming in stress response

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Botao

    2013-01-01

    Cell survival in changing environments requires appropriate regulation of gene expression, including translational control. Multiple stress signaling pathways converge on several key translation factors, such as eIF4F and eIF2, and rapidly modulate mRNA translation at both the initiation and the elongation stages. Repression of global protein synthesis is often accompanied with selective translation of mRNAs encoding proteins that are vital for cell survival and stress recovery. The past decade has seen significant progress in our understanding of translational reprogramming in part due to the development of technologies that allow the dissection of the interplay between mRNA elements and corresponding binding proteins. Recent genome-wide studies using ribosome profiling have revealed unprecedented proteome complexity and flexibility through alternative translation, raising intriguing questions about stress-induced translational reprogramming. Many surprises emerged from these studies, including wide-spread alternative translation initiation, ribosome pausing during elongation, and reversible modification of mRNAs. Elucidation of the regulatory mechanisms underlying translational reprogramming will ultimately lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for human diseases. PMID:24375939

  11. Development of a reliable questionnaire to assist in the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A battery of clinical assessments was used in the Lililwan* Project, Australia’s first population-based Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) prevalence study, conducted in the remote Fitzroy Valley, Western Australia. One objective was to develop and assess test-retest reliability of an acceptable questionnaire for collecting health information in remote Aboriginal communities feasible for use in the Lililwan Project. Methods A questionnaire was developed by paediatricians to assist in diagnosis of FASD. Content was based on a literature review of FASD diagnostic criteria, existing questionnaires and risk factors for FASD and birth defects. Aboriginal community members, including qualified Aboriginal language interpreters, adapted the questionnaire to ensure language and cultural components were appropriate for use in the Fitzroy Valley. Locally developed pictorial aids were used for gathering accurate information on alcohol use. Aboriginal ‘community navigators’ assisted researchers to translate the questions into Kimberley Kriol or local Aboriginal languages depending on participant preference. A subset of 14 questions was assessed for test-retest reliability in 30 parents/carers of children in the Lililwan Project cohort, who were interviewed by one rater using the entire questionnaire, then by a second rater who repeated 14 critical questions at least 6 hours later. Results The full questionnaire contained 112 items and took 50 minutes to administer. For a subset of 14 items from the full questionnaire percent exact agreement between raters ranged from 59-100%, and was below 70% for only 1 question. Test-retest reliability was excellent (Kappa 0.81-1.00) for 5 items, substantial (Kappa 0.61-0.80) for 5 items, and moderate, fair or slight (Kappa ?0.60) for the remaining 4 items tested. Test-retest reliability for questions relating to alcohol use in pregnancy was excellent. When questions had moderate, fair or slight agreement, information was obtained from alternate sources e.g. medical records. Qualitative feedback from parents/carers confirmed acceptability of the questionnaire. Conclusions This questionnaire had acceptable test-retest reliability and could be used to collect demographic, socio-cultural and biomedical information relevant to the diagnosis of FASD in Aboriginal communities throughout Australia and elsewhere. Community input is crucial when developing and administering questionnaires for use in cross-cultural contexts. *Lililwan is a Kimberley Kriol word meaning ‘all the little ones’. Kimberley Kriol is the main language spoken by Aboriginal people in the Fitzroy Valley. PMID:23496974

  12. Government User Session Translation Memory TechnologyTranslation Memory Technology

    E-print Network

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    translation services for the security of the nation Government User Session · Translation ­ English to target · Summarization · Gisting NVTC ServicesNVTC Services #12;Government User Session NVTC Languages (2008)NVTC chapters · Journal articles · Web news articles · Email messages · PowerPoint slides · Brochures · TV

  13. The Translation and the Translator of the Peshitta of Hosea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tully, Eric J.

    2012-01-01

    This comprehensive examination of the Syriac Peshitta of Hosea (P-Hosea) is the first study of the Peshitta conducted via insights and methods from the discipline of Translation Studies. It uses in particular Andrew Chesterman's Causal Model and Gideon Toury's descriptive approach. Every translator leaves residue of his or her…

  14. [Italian validation of the Prolonged Grief Disorder Questionnaire (PG-12)].

    PubMed

    Chiambretto, P; Moroni, L; Guarnerio, C; Bertolotti, G

    2008-01-01

    Death or severe invalidity (e.g. vegetative state) of a family member causes deep emotional distress to the caregiver. In most cases elaboration of mourning at the loss unfolds in physiological times and modes, enabling the caregiver to react to the separation and resume their own daily life. In some cases, however, there is an incapacity to react and caregivers remain imprisoned in a condition they are unable to elaborate consisting of memories, regrets and a sense of guilt, that leads to their self isolation and prevents them from leading a full life as prior to the grief-causing event. This condition, not always classifiable as a major depressive disorder, is, according to a recent debate, more adequately described as the "Prolonged Grief Disorder". The Prolonged Grief Disorder is a new diagnostic category, currently under examination in America for inclusion in the DSM V in order to give clinicians a picture that better describes the condition of these caregivers. The PG-12 is a questionnaire that is easy and quick to administer and score which can guide the clinician in the diagnosis of this condition. The present paper presents the methodology followed for the translation into Italian of this instrument and the data that emerged concerning its validity and applicability. 45 caregivers of vegetative state patients were enrolled. The PG-12 Italian version showed good internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.88) and a mono factorial structure. PMID:18700485

  15. Translation as a Psycholinguistic Phenomenon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zasyekin, Serhiy

    2010-01-01

    The article sketches the outlines of a theoretical framework for the analysis of translation of literary texts, viewed as psycho-semiotic phenomenon and based on evaluation of earlier attempts in this direction, and on the results of a psycholinguistic empirical study of translations. Central to this framework is the recent insight that the human…

  16. Machine translation using isomorphic UCGs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John L. Beaven; Pete Whitelock

    1988-01-01

    This paper discusses the application of Unification Categorial Grammar (UCG) to the framework of Isomorphic Grammars for Machine Translation pioneered by Landsbergen. The Isomorphic Grammars approach to MT involves developing the grammars of the Source and Target languages in parallel, in order to ensure that SL and TL expressions which stand in the translation relation have isomorphic derivations. The principle

  17. Knowledge-based machine translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sergei Nirenburg

    1989-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the KBMT-89 project at Carmegie Mellon University's Center for Machine Translation, as well therefore of the special number of this journal, which reports on the project. The knowledge-based approach to machine translation is presented and defended in a historical context. Various components of the system, key parts of which are described in subsequent papers

  18. Noncommutative Translations and *-PRODUCT Formalism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daszkiewicz, Marcin; Lukierski, Jerzy; Woronowicz, Mariusz

    2008-09-01

    We consider the noncommutative space-times with Lie-algebraic noncommutativity (e.g. ?-deformed Minkowski space). In the framework with classical fields we extend the *-product in order to represent the noncommutative translations in terms of commutative ones. We show the translational invariance of noncommutative bilinear action with local product of noncommutative fields. The quadratic noncommutativity is also briefly discussed.

  19. Translational Control in Cancer Etiology

    PubMed Central

    Ruggero, Davide

    2013-01-01

    The link between perturbations in translational control and cancer etiology is becoming a primary focus in cancer research. It has now been established that genetic alterations in several components of the translational apparatus underlie spontaneous cancers as well as an entire class of inherited syndromes known as “ribosomopathies” associated with increased cancer susceptibility. These discoveries have illuminated the importance of deregulations in translational control to very specific cellular processes that contribute to cancer etiology. In addition, a growing body of evidence supports the view that deregulation of translational control is a common mechanism by which diverse oncogenic pathways promote cellular transformation and tumor development. Indeed, activation of these key oncogenic pathways induces rapid and dramatic translational reprogramming both by increasing overall protein synthesis and by modulating specific mRNA networks. These translational changes promote cellular transformation, impacting almost every phase of tumor development. This paradigm represents a new frontier in the multihit model of cancer formation and offers significant promise for innovative cancer therapies. Current research, in conjunction with cutting edge technologies, will further enable us to explore novel mechanisms of translational control, functionally identify translationally controlled mRNA groups, and unravel their impact on cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. PMID:22767671

  20. DCTD — Translational Research Program (TRP)

    Cancer.gov

    The TRP, together with the NCI Office of Communications and Education, has created the NCI Translational Research Interactive Network or NTRIN (pronounced “Enter In”), a social media site that allows researchers and administrators interested in cancer translational research to find one another online.

  1. Translating SMALL Programs to FPGA

    E-print Network

    Norvell, Theodore S.

    Translating SMALL Programs to FPGA ConÞgurations Ying Shen & Theodore S. Norvell Memorial University of Newfoundland NECEC 1999 1 #12;Translating SMALL Programs to FPGA ConÞgurations Ying Shen Programs to FPGA ConÞgurations Ying Shen & Theodore S. Norvell The elements of SMALL Types and Expressions

  2. Advances in GPS translator technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McConnell, John B.; Greenberg, Robert H.; Pickett, Robert B.; Wildhagen, Phillip C.; Brown, Alison K.

    Since 1974, two generations of tracking systems employing Global Positioning System (GPS) translators have supported the Navy Trident Fleet Ballistic Missile program. Currently a third generation system is being developed by the GPS Range Applications Joint Program Office (RAJPO) for the SD1 Exoatmospheric Reentry Intercept System (ERIS) program. Further advances in technology are expected to significantly reduce the size, weight and cost of translator systems which will expand their potential use. This paper projects how technology improvements will shape the development of new translator systems, addresses future applications of translator systems and presents a design approach for an Advanced Translator Processing System (ATPS). The ATPS could be deployed on a small general aviation type aircraft to provide over-the-horizon tracking support for multiple range participants.

  3. Subminiature infrared detector translation stage

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bell, Alan D.

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes a precision subminiature three-axis translation stage used in the GOES Sounder to provide positional adjustment of 12 cooled infrared detectors. Four separate translation stages and detectors are packaged into a detector mechanism which has an overall size of 0.850 x 1.230 x 0.600 inches. Each translation stage is capable of + or - 0.015 inch motion in the X and Y axes and +0.050/-0.025 inch motion in the Z axis with a sensitivity of 0.0002 inches. The function of the detector translation stage allows real time detector signal peaking during Sounder alignment. The translation stage operates in a cryogenic environment under a 10 to the -6th torr vacuum.

  4. A study of pop?song translations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elaine Hewitt

    2000-01-01

    This article discusses the use of pop songs in translations by Spanish students. The students had to translate songs from Spanish into English. Certain characteristics typical of poetry translated ?well, but the translated lyrics did not match the original tune. The study indicates that pop songs can be used in translation classes, and that pop songs may be a preparation

  5. Translation Ambiguity in and out of Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prior, Anat; Wintner, Shuly; MacWhinney, Brian; Lavie, Alon

    2011-01-01

    We compare translations of single words, made by bilingual speakers in a laboratory setting, with contextualized translation choices of the same items, made by professional translators and extracted from parallel language corpora. The translation choices in both cases show moderate convergence, demonstrating that decontextualized translation

  6. The "Pedagogue as Translator" in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobson, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Translation theory has faced criticism from professional translators for adopting an ivory tower stance to the "real world" challenges of translation. This article argues that a case can be made for considering the challenges of translation as it takes place in the school classroom. In support of such an argument the pedagogue as translator is…

  7. The Role of Semantics in Translation Recognition: Effects of Number of Translations, Dominance of Translations and Semantic Relatedness of Multiple Translations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laxen, Jannika; Lavaur, Jean-Marc

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to examine the influence of multiple translations of a word on bilingual processing in three translation recognition experiments during which French-English bilinguals had to decide whether two words were translations of each other or not. In the first experiment, words with only one translation were recognized as translations

  8. Measuring autonomy support in university students: the Spanish version of the Learning Climate Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Núñez, Juan L; León, Jaime; Grijalvo, Fernando; Martín Albo, José

    2012-11-01

    The goals of this research were to translate and analyze the psychometric properties of the Learning Climate Questionnaire (LCQ) and to develop a short form. The LCQ is a 15-item self-report measure that assesses autonomy support in educational settings. A total of 422 students (60 men and 362 women) took part in this study. Results showed evidence of construct validity and adequate reliability for the LCQ. The short form consists of five items that showed sound psychometric properties. Results of Pearson correlation and Gower index showed high agreement between the long and short forms. In conclusion, both forms can be considered as preliminary versions of the original questionnaire to assess autonomy support in educational settings. PMID:23156948

  9. World War I History Commission Questionnaires

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1928, the Library of Virginia inherited a mass of materials from the Virginia War History Commission, which had spent the previous eight years gathering information on Virginia's participation in World War I. Included in this material were over 14,900 four-page questionnaires from a survey of WWI veterans in Virginia. The Library of Virginia has digitized these survey forms and created a free, fully-searchable database. Users have three search options: by word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each individual, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the questionnaire forms. In some cases, respondents submitted photos or additional pages with their forms and these are included in the database.

  10. The patient health questionnaire for adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey G Johnson; Emily S Harris; Robert L Spitzer; Janet B. W Williams

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate the validity of the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents (PHQ-A), a self-administered instrument that assesses anxiety, eating, mood, and substance use disorders among adolescent primary care patients.Methods: A total of 403 adolescents from California, New Jersey, New York, and Ohio completed the PHQ-A and the Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-20) during or shortly after

  11. Split Questionnaire Design for Massive Surveys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feray Adigüzel; Michel Wedel

    2008-01-01

    Generating Between-Block Designs We start describing the procedure that is used to generate the between-block designs. We assume that if there are N individuals and Q questions, then N\\/K individuals will be assigned randomly to each of the K splits. Each alternative split questionnaire design then consists of an N x Q matrix D with K different split patterns. Each

  12. Outlier Detection in Test and Questionnaire Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wobbe P. Zijlstra; L. Andries van der Ark; Klaas Sijtsma

    2007-01-01

    Classical methods for detecting outliers deal with continuous variables. These methods are not readily applicable to categorical data, such as incorrect\\/correct scores (0\\/1) and ordered rating scale scores (e.g., 0, …, 4) typical of multi-item tests and questionnaires. This study proposes two definitions of outlier scores suited for categorical data. One definition combines information on outliers from scores on all

  13. Measuring patient satisfaction: three years' data and experience of using a validated patient questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Challenor, Rachel; Perry, Ryan

    2015-08-01

    A validated patient satisfaction questionnaire for use in sexual health clinics was run throughout the southwest region (the UK) three times over three years (13 clinics in January 2012 and 12/13 clinics in January 2013 and the same 12 clinics again in January 2014). The questionnaire covered aspects of pre-appointment, performance of health care professionals, facilities, privacy, respectful communication, information on leaving and overall experience. Data from 1750 questionnaires are presented with means and 95% confidence intervals. Patients under the age of 25 were less likely to rate care as excellent and/or very good (P?=?0.001) compared with those above the age of 25. There was no difference in satisfaction levels according to gender or sexual orientation. Time in clinic was strongly associated with satisfaction levels - those in clinic for over 90?min expressed less satisfaction (P?=?0.0005). We hope that other clinics may find it useful to use the validated questionnaire to look at their own performance and compare it against the southwest data. The main value is to identify areas where changes to service delivery could translate into improved practice and improved satisfaction, particularly where performance is identified as less than the 95% confidence intervals. PMID:25122579

  14. Temperament factor structure in fragile X syndrome: the children's behavior questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Roberts, Jane E; Tonnsen, Bridgette L; Robinson, Marissa; McQuillin, Samuel D; Hatton, Deborah D

    2014-02-01

    Early patterns of temperament lay the foundation for a variety of developmental constructs such as self-regulation, psychopathology, and resilience. Children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) display unique patterns of temperament compared to age-matched clinical and non-clinical samples, and early patterns of temperament have been associated with later anxiety in this population. Despite these unique patterns in FXS and recent reports of atypical factor structure of temperament questionnaires in Williams Syndrome (Leyfer, John, Woodruff-Borden, & Mervis, 2012), no studies have examined the latent factor structure of temperament scales in FXS to ensure measurement validity in this sample. The present study used confirmatory factor analysis to examine the factor structure of a well-validated parent-reported temperament questionnaire, the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (Rothbart, Ahadi, Hershey, & Fisher, 2001), in a sample of 90 males with FXS ages 3-9 years. Our data produced a similar, but not identical, three-factor model that retained the original CBQ factors of negative affectivity, effortful control, and extraversion/surgency. In particular, our FXS sample demonstrated stronger factor loadings for fear and shyness than previously reported loadings in non-clinical samples, consistent with reports of poor social approach and elevated anxiety in this population. Although the original factor structure of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire is largely retained in children with FXS, differences in factor loading magnitudes may reflect phenotypic characteristics of the syndrome. These findings may inform future developmental and translational research efforts. PMID:24380785

  15. Knowledge Translation in Audiology

    PubMed Central

    Kothari, Anita; Bagatto, Marlene P.; Seewald, Richard; Miller, Linda T.; Scollie, Susan D.

    2011-01-01

    The impetus for evidence-based practice (EBP) has grown out of widespread concern with the quality, effectiveness (including cost-effectiveness), and efficiency of medical care received by the public. Although initially focused on medicine, EBP principles have been adopted by many of the health care professions and are often represented in practice through the development and use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Audiology has been working on incorporating EBP principles into its mandate for professional practice since the mid-1990s. Despite widespread efforts to implement EBP and guidelines into audiology practice, gaps still exist between the best evidence based on research and what is being done in clinical practice. A collaborative dynamic and iterative integrated knowledge translation (KT) framework rather than a researcher-driven hierarchical approach to EBP and the development of CPGs has been shown to reduce the knowledge-to-clinical action gaps. This article provides a brief overview of EBP and CPGs, including a discussion of the barriers to implementing CPGs into clinical practice. It then offers a discussion of how an integrated KT process combined with a community of practice (CoP) might facilitate the development and dissemination of evidence for clinical audiology practice. Finally, a project that uses the knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework for the development of outcome measures in pediatric audiology is introduced. PMID:22194314

  16. Research highlights: translating chips.

    PubMed

    Kong, Janay Elise; Koh, Jaekyung; Lin, Jonathan; Di Carlo, Dino

    2015-04-21

    Microfluidic and microfabricated systems are providing key functionalities in diagnostic and therapeutic scenarios, translating beyond the research laboratory to pre-clinical animal studies and clinical studies with patients. Here, we highlight a recent study making use of miniaturization and automation in the development of a smartphone-integrated point-of-care diagnostic to detect antibodies to infectious diseases in a global health setting. We also review an intraocular implanted diagnostic system for glaucoma that relies on imaging the location of a fluid meniscus in a microchannel to readout pressure within the eye. Developments in low-cost and highly functional consumer electronic systems (e.g. smartphones in both highlighted works) has led to a continuing trend to incorporate such technologies with microfluidic fluid handling capabilities to achieve complete diagnostic solutions. We conclude with another implanted microdevice that delivers drug locally to tumors through electroosmotic flow and electromigration of charged drug species, which allows high drug concentrations near a tumor or resected tumor site while preventing high systemic levels associated with significant side-effects. The maturity of microsystem components are now allowing integration into fully functional systems that are poised to reach the clinic in a variety of forms - diagnostic to therapeutic. PMID:25803286

  17. 22 CFR 92.78 - Translating documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...or to certify to the correctness of translations. (However, see § 92.56 with...an oath as to the correctness of a translation; to take an acknowledgment of the preparation of a translation; and to authenticate the seal...

  18. Government, Globalization, and Translation (International Technical Communication).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klein, Fred

    1993-01-01

    Offers the author's personal pricing experience for translations (both as a freelancer and in a large corporation) to argue that antitrust proceedings against the American Translator's Association are, in practical terms, seldom important to working translators. (SR)

  19. Application of Translation Corresponding Tree (TCT) Annotation Schema in Example-Based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WONG Fai; HU Dong Cheng; MAO Yu Hang; TANG Chi Wai; DONG Ming Chui

    In this paper, we present an Example-Based Machine Translation (EBMT) system for Portuguese to Chinese translation. In our approach, the examples used for translation are annotated under the representation schema of Translation Corresponding Tree (TCT). Each Translation Corresponding Tree describes a translation example (a pair of bilingual sentences). It represents the syntactic structure of source language sentence (i.e. Portuguese in

  20. Developing a Process-Oriented Translation Test for Assessing English-Arabic Basic Translation Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdellah, Antar Solhy

    2007-01-01

    The study reviews translation validated tests and proposes a process-oriented translation test for assessing basic translation skills for freshmen English majors at the faculty of Education. The proposed test is developed based on the process approach to translating and translation teaching, and is confined to translation from English to Arabic.…

  1. Differential Effects of Web-Based and Paper-Based Administration of Questionnaire Research Instruments in Authentic Contexts-of-Use

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardre, Patricia L.; Crowson, H. Michael; Xie, Kui

    2010-01-01

    Questionnaire instruments are routinely translated to digital administration systems; however, few studies have compared the differential effects of these administrative methods, and fewer yet in authentic contexts-of-use. In this study, 326 university students were randomly assigned to one of two administration conditions, paper-based (PBA) or…

  2. Translating in a Multilingual Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Opubor, Alfred E.

    1981-01-01

    Discusses need for Nigerian translators and interpreters to perform adequately in the languages worked in as well as to understand nonverbal and paralinguistic elements of communication and their influence on national unity. (BK)

  3. Style Translation for Human Motion

    E-print Network

    Hsu, Eugene

    2005-08-01

    Style translation is the process of transforming an input motion into a new style while preserving its original content. This problem is motivated by the needs of interactive applications, which require rapid processing ...

  4. ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS OF FISHERY LITERATURE

    E-print Network

    as Japanese, Russian, etc. k. Name of the journal, series, or institution responsible for the publication and space, certain abbreviations have been used throughout to indicate where and how the translations can

  5. Time-Constrained Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janine Toole; Davide Turcato; Fred Popowich; Dan Fass; Paul Mcfetridge

    1998-01-01

    This paper defines the class of time-constrained applications: applications in which the user has limited time to process the system output. This class is differentiated\\u000a from real-time systems, where it is production time rather than comprehension time that is constrained. Examples of time-constrained MT\\u000a applications include the translation of multi-party dialogue and the translation of closed-captions. The constraints on comprehension

  6. 7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agreements Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator is required to submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 and 5 CFR...

  7. 7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Agreements Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator is required to submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 and 5 CFR...

  8. 7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agreements Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator is required to submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 and 5 CFR...

  9. 7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Agreements Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator is required to submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 and 5 CFR...

  10. 7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...Agreements Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator is required to submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 and 5 CFR...

  11. College students' social anxiety associated with stress and mental health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shi Kan; Jiang Nan; Chen Xuefeng; Wang Zhen; Gao Jing; Hu Weipeng

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediator effects of social anxiety on college students' life stress and mental health. METHODS: 1430 college students were tested by revised Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEO), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and social anxiety scale chose from Self Consciousness Scale. RESUTL AND ANALYSIS: The college students' stressors were related to social anxiety and mental health.

  12. The Effect of Intimate Partner Violence on Mental Health Status among Women of Reproductive Ages: A Population-Based Study in a Middle Anatolian City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nur, Naim

    2012-01-01

    Violence against women has been recognized as both a major public health problem and a human rights violation worldwide. Research has documented the association between physical/sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health, measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) among women in reproductive age. This study…

  13. Recognition of Depressive and Anxiety Disorders in Dermatological Outpatients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angelo Picardi; Paolo Amerio; Giannandrea Baliva; Claudio Barbieri; Patrizia Teofoli; Simone Bolli; Valentina Salvatori; Eva Mazzotti; Paolo Pasquini; Damiano Abeni

    2004-01-01

    Although mental disorders are frequent among dermato- logical patients, little is known about their recognition by dermatologists. This study aimed to assess dermato- logists' ability to recognize depressive and anxiety disorders. All adult outpatients who visited four dermatologists on predetermined days (n~317) com- pleted the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ- 12) and the section on depressive and anxiety disorders of

  14. Telephone and web-based pediatric day surgery questionnaires

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erica Amari; Christine Vandebeek; Carolyne J. Montgomery; Erik Skarsgard; J. Mark Ansermino

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – Patient questionnaires are popular tools for assessing and improving service quality, especially as administrators are increasingly expected to consider the patient's voice in their decision making. Despite web-based questionnaire advantages, they have not been previously compared to telephone questionnaires for assessing quality. The purpose of this paper is to compare telephone questionnaire administration with a web-based version. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

  15. Parent Behavior Importance and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaires: Psychometric Characteristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mowder, Barbara A.; Sanders, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the psychometric characteristics of two parenting measures: the Parent Behavior Importance Questionnaire (PBIQ) and Parent Behavior Frequency Questionnaire (PBFQ). Both research questionnaires are based on the parent development theory (PDT) and offer parent as well as non-parent respondents the opportunity to rate 38 parenting…

  16. Extending Question & Test Learning Technology Specifications with Enhanced Questionnaire Models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elena García; Miguel-Ángel Sicilia; José-Ramón Hilera; José-Antonio Gutiérrez

    Questionnaires are a commonly used instrument for diverse purposes in the context of educational technology. Applications of questionnaires range from student's assessments to evaluations of teaching, and include also the evaluation of the learning contents, and even of the technology that delivers them. Although the IMS QTI specification addresses the interchange of questionnaires and their results, the scope of its

  17. 203Literature in Translation LITERATURE IN

    E-print Network

    Dresden, Gregory

    203Literature in Translation LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION (LIT) Literature in Translation 201) Staff. Spring Literature in Translation 203 (Classics 203) (3)-- Greek Literature from Homer,thecomedians,andthelyricandpastoralpoets, includingselectionsfromHerodotusandThucydides,and from Plato's and Aristotle's reflections on literature. The course

  18. Power Relations and Translational Inequality in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xianbin, He

    2007-01-01

    Chinese translation to and from Japanese and English verifies the hypothesis that power differentials influence the flow and reception of translations. The Chinese tradition of translation has been characterised by fluency, but some scholars have recently advocated foreignisation for English to Chinese translation, and domestication for Chinese to…

  19. Daisaku Ikeda and the Culture of Translation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebert, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Although not functionally multilingual or a translator himself, Daisaku Ikeda has been deeply involved in translation processes, both as a reader and as someone who has produced texts for translation into various languages. This article examines two sources of influence shaping Ikeda's attitude toward translation culture: the flourishing culture…

  20. Babel - A Translator from Smalltalk into CLOS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan Moore; Mario Wolczko; Trevor Hopkins

    1994-01-01

    This paper1introduces Babel, a prototype translator and associated tools for developing standaloneapplications by translating Smalltalk into portable CLOS (Common Lisp Object System).Previous translators have required varying degrees of programmer intervention and imposed restrictionson the Smalltalk which can be automatically translated. Babel requires a minimum ofprogrammer intervention and imposes minimal restrictions on the Smalltalk which can be translatedautomatically....

  1. A Natural Language Translation Neural Network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nenad KONCAR; Gregory GUTHRIE; Connectionist NLP

    proper translation by a user without any expert knowledge of how the computer stores and represents rules. This paper demonstrates the utility of neural networks in precisely this area on a small scale translation problem. We have tested the ability of neural networks to perform natural language translation. Our results have shown a greatly improved translation accuracy in comparison to

  2. Translation and validation of the Arabic version of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI).

    PubMed

    Daradkeh, Shaher; Khader, Yousef S

    2008-12-01

    Our aim was to translate the original English version of the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) into Arabic and assess its validity and reliability for use among people in North Jordan. After translation into Arabic and back-translation to check the translation quality, a total of 288 participants completed the Arabic version of the GOHAI questionnaire. Individual GOHAI items were recoded and summed as originally recommended. The questionnaire sought information about socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported perception of general and oral health. Clinical examination included assessment of periodontal status, and number of decayed teeth, missing teeth, filled teeth and crowned teeth. Reliability, internal consistency, and concurrent, convergent and discriminant validity of GOHAI scores were examined. Mean GOHAI score was 40.9 (SD = 10.6, range: 12 to 60). Cronbach's alpha for the GOHAI score was 0.88, indicating a high degree of internal consistency and homogeneity between the GOHAI items. The test-retest correlation coefficient for add-GOHAI scores was 0.72, indicating good stability. Add-GOHAI scores increased with poorer perceived general and oral health. Convergent validity, construct validity and discriminant validity of the GOHAI were demonstrated. The Arabic translation of the GOHAI demonstrated acceptable validity and reliability when used for people in North Jordan. It could therefore be used as a valuable instrument for measuring oral health-related quality of life for people in this region. PMID:19106474

  3. Junior Electronics Workshops and Their Questionnaires Reviews

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muto, Cosy; Maruta, Shuichiro; Noyori, Kazumasa; Yanaida, Masashi

    In this paper, a trial to educate electronics for both elementary pupils and junior-high students is reported. A “making your own radio” workshop for elementary kids features a paper-craft resonator made of toilet paper cores and an empty box of tissue papers as well as solder-less main radio circuit. For elder elementary and junior-high pupils, a workshop making a bat detector (an ultra-sonic receiver) is provided to help their summer vacation research. Both workshops are planned to enlarge students wishing to knock the door of electronics. Also, we report questionnaires results for those workshops and follow up research results for bat detector workshop. Those results show that both children and parents long for good experiences on science/electronics materials and these experiences are important for future human resources in scientific fields including analog electronics.

  4. The ARSQ: the athletes' received support questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Freeman, Paul; Coffee, Pete; Moll, Tjerk; Rees, Tim; Sammy, Nadine

    2014-04-01

    To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support. PMID:24686955

  5. Development of the Parental Psychological Flexibility Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Burke, Kylie; Moore, Susan

    2015-08-01

    This paper describes development and validation of the Parental Psychological Flexibility (PPF) Questionnaire, a parent-report measure designed to assess psychological flexibility among parents of pre-adolescents and adolescents (aged 10-18 years). Psychological flexibility within parenting refers to parents' accepting negative thoughts, emotions and urges about one's child and still acting in ways that are consistent with effective parenting. Exploratory factor analysis (n = 178 parents) of a 43-item draft measure, resulted in a 30-item, 3-factor structure. Three subscales were created, consistent with the psychological flexibility literature: acceptance, cognitive defusion and committed action. A second sample of parents (n = 192) was then used to confirm the factor structure and reliability and validity of the PPF. Results supported the 3-factor structure, reduced the number of items to 19 and demonstrated that the PPF subscales have adequate reliability and validity and are thus suitable for researching psychological flexibility among parents of pre-adolescents and adolescents. PMID:25236325

  6. The validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Ghavidel Parsa, Banafsheh; Amir Maafi, Alireza; Haghdoost, Afrooz; Arabi, Yasaman; Khojamli, Monire; Chatrnour, Gelayol; Bidari, Ali

    2014-02-01

    The Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR), an updated version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) achieved a better balance among different domains (i.e., function, overall impact, and symptom severity) and attempts to address the limitations of FIQ. As there is no Persian version of the FIQR available, we aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of a Persian translation of the FIQR in Iranian patients. After translating the FIQR into Persian, it was administered to 77 female patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. All of the patients filled out the questionnaire together with a Persian version of the FIQ, short form-12 (SF-12). The tender-point count was also calculated. One week later, FM patients filled out the Persian FIQR at their second visit. Reliability was analyzed by internal consistency and reproducibility including Cronbach's ? coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by Spearman's correlation coefficient and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS for Windows version 17.0. All patients included in this study were female, and the mean age was 38.23 ± 10.68 years. The total scores of the FIQR and FIQ were 49.77 ± 18.27 and 54.05 ± 14.00 that were closely correlated (r = 0.63, p < 0.01), and each of the three domains of the Persian FIQR was also correlated well with the three related FIQ domains (r = 0.36-0.63, p < 0.01). Also some significant inverse correlations of FIQR with quality-of-life (assessed by SF-12) domains and items were found. Cronbach's ? was 0.87 for FIQR in the first visit. The Persian FIQR showed adequate reliability and validity. This instrument can be used in the clinical evaluation of Iranian patients with fibromyalgia. PMID:24381091

  7. [A two-stage translation and test the validity and reliability of a foreign instrument].

    PubMed

    Wu, Shu-Fang

    2006-02-01

    Examination of the reliability and validity of research tools is an important process in nursing research. As all scales are developed on the basis of a specific set of concepts or application to a specific population, great care must be taken in the translation and handling of questionnaires developed in different languages or, in particular, by people from different cultures. Only after passing through an integral process of repetitive translation and reliability/validity examinations can they be regarded as accurate research tools and be widely utilized. This study exercises Brislin's revised Translation Model to overcome cross-cultural differences, and also uses a new research tool developed overseas, the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (DMSES), as an example for explaining the two-stage design of the translation and reliability/validity process. The First Stage is the translation stage, which involves forward translation, consensus meetings, backward translation, and review by potential users. The Second Stage involves psychometric analysis, which includes validity and reliability testing. Such careful processes should reveal the problems encountered when adopting foreign scales for domestic use, and thereby increase the "nativeness" and adaptability of these scales. PMID:16475075

  8. The Wisconsin Predicting Patients' Relapse questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Bolt, Daniel M.; McCarthy, Danielle E.; Japuntich, Sandra J.; Fiore, Michael C.; Smith, Stevens S.; Baker, Timothy B.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Relapse is the most common smoking cessation outcome. Accurate prediction of relapse likelihood could be an important clinical tool used to influence treatment selection or duration. The aim of this research was to develop a brief clinical relapse proneness questionnaire to be used with smokers interested in quitting in a clinical setting where time is at a premium. Methods: Diverse items assessing constructs shown in previous research to be related to relapse risk, such as nicotine dependence and self-efficacy, were evaluated to determine their independent contributions to relapse prediction. In an exploratory dataset, candidate items were assessed among smokers motivated to quit smoking who enrolled in one of three randomized controlled smoking cessation trials. A cross-validation dataset was used to compare the relative predictive power of the new instrument against the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) at 1-week, 8-week, and 6-month postquit assessments. Results: We selected seven items with relatively nonoverlapping content for the Wisconsin Predicting Patient's Relapse (WI-PREPARE) measure, a brief, seven-item questionnaire that taps physical dependence, environmental factors, and individual difference characteristics. Cross-validation analyses suggested that the WI-PREPARE demonstrated a stronger prediction of relapse at 1-week and 8-week postquit assessments than the FTND and comparable prediction to the FTND at a 6-month postquit assessment. Discussion: The WI-PREPARE is easy to score, suggests the nature of a patient's relapse risk, and predicts short- and medium-term relapse better than the FTND. PMID:19372573

  9. Stroke specific quality of life questionnaire: Test of reliability and validity of the Persian version

    PubMed Central

    Mahmoodi, Mojtaba; Safari, Anahid; Vossoughi, Mehrdad; Golbon-Haghighi, Fatemeh; Kamali-Sarvestani, Maliheh; Ghaem, Haleh; Borhani-Haghighi, Afshin

    2015-01-01

    Background: The aim was to assess the reliability and the validity of the translated version of the stroke specific quality of life (SS-QOL) questionnaire in Iranian post-stroke patients. Methods: This project was performed at the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran, between 12 April 2010 and 24 February 2011. The English version of the SS-QOL was translated into Persian by “forward-backward” translation, cognitive inquiring and cultural adaptation process. The reliability and internal consistency were measured by Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Validity was assessed using convergent and divergent validity through Spearman’s correlation coefficient. Results: Our study included 117 post-stroke patients, consisting of 57 (48.7%) men and 60 (51.3%) women. The mean age of the patients was 81.60 ± 7.52 (range 60-88) years. The Persian version of the SS-QOL proved reliable (Cronbach’s ? = 0.96). Internal consistency was excellent for both demographic and patients’ clinical characteristics (Cronbach’s ? ? 0.70). The scaling success rates were 100% for convergent validity of each scale. Divergent validity for all 12 scales was considered acceptable, whereas each scale had a 100% scaling success rate for convergent validity. Conclusion: The Persian version of SS-QOL should be mentioned as a noteworthy instrument to specify different aspects of health related QOL of patients suffering stroke and hence that clinicians, researchers and epidemiologist can exploit it trustfully.

  10. Learning Translation Templates from Bilingual Translation Examples Ilyas Cicekli and H. Altay Guvenir

    E-print Network

    Cicekli, Ilyas

    - native methods in machine translation. A tra- ditional knowledge-based machine translation system Translation, Corpus-Based Machine Translation, Templates. 1. Introduction Due tothe requirement of the large-scale knowl- edge in traditional machine translation (MT) systems, some researchers looked at the alter

  11. [Validation of the "Digest Questionnaire" for consistency and reproducibility with reference to upper abdominal symptoms].

    PubMed

    Meier, R; Beglinger, C; Moser, N; Meyer, M; Brignoli, R

    1998-05-30

    "Digest" is a international effort to record the prevalence of digestive symptoms in the general population. The international questionnaire was tested in German translation for reliability and reproducibility. The questionnaire consists of 14 symptoms, which were investigated by standardized questions. Each symptom was described in 3 dimensions: frequency, severity and impact on daily activities. 127 successive patients referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were interviewed twice by a young assistant and by an experienced gastroenterologist before the diagnostic work-up. A further 72 volunteers served as a control group. In these volunteers no upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. Reliability and reproducibility were calculated by the Spearman rank test. The most frequent diagnoses were: organic diseases (oesophagitis [28], gastric ulcer/erosive gastritis [32] and duodenal ulcer [18]); functional diseases (dyspepsia [32] and irritable bowel syndrome [14]). Reproducibility was satisfactory by accepted standards (p > 0.7). Reliability was very good, with r-values for each symptom between p 0.96-0.99. The impact on daily activities was highest in the case of heart-burn or localized upper gastrointestinal pain, and lowest in the case of belching and fullness. The questionnaire can be easily administered by the non-specialist and the results discriminate well between functional/organic diseases and healthy people, thanks to excellent reproducibility and reliability. PMID:9653826

  12. Reliability and Validity of a Korean Version of the Leicester Cough Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Jae-Woo; Moon, Ji-Yong; Kim, Sae-Hoon; Song, Woo-Jung; Kim, Min-Hye; Kang, Min-Gyu; Lim, Kyung-Hwan; Lee, So-Hee; Lee, Sang Min; Lee, Jin Young; Kwon, Hyouk-Soo; Kim, Kyung-Mook; Kim, Sang-Heon; Kim, Sang-Hoon; Jeong, Jae-Won; Kim, Cheol-Woo; Cho, Sang-Heon

    2015-01-01

    Purpose There are no specific tools for measurement of the severity of chronic cough in Korea. We developed a Korean version of the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) and tested its scaling and clinical properties. Methods The LCQ was adapted for Korean conditions following a forward-backward translation procedure. All patients referred to chronic cough clinics at 5 university hospitals between May 2011 and October 2013 completed 2 questionnaires, the LCQ and the Short-Form 36 (SF-36), upon presentation and completed the LCQ and the Global Rating of Change (GRC) upon follow-up visits after 2 or 4 weeks. Concurrent validation, internal consistency, repeatability, and responsiveness were determined. Results For the concurrent validation, the correlation coefficients (n=202 patients) between the LCQ and SF-36 varied between 0.42 and 0.58. The internal consistency of the LCQ (n=207) was high for each of the domains with a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.82-0.94. The repeatability of the LCQ in patients with no change in cough (n=23) was high, with intra-class correlation coefficients of 0.66-0.81. Patients who reported an improvement in cough (n=30) on follow-up visits demonstrated significant improvement in each of the domains of the LCQ. Conclusions The Korean version of the LCQ is a valid and reliable questionnaire for measurement of the severity of cough in patients with chronic cough. PMID:25749761

  13. Developing questionnaires for educational research: AMEE Guide No. 87

    PubMed Central

    La Rochelle, Jeffrey S.; Dezee, Kent J.; Gehlbach, Hunter

    2014-01-01

    In this AMEE Guide, we consider the design and development of self-administered surveys, commonly called questionnaires. Questionnaires are widely employed in medical education research. Unfortunately, the processes used to develop such questionnaires vary in quality and lack consistent, rigorous standards. Consequently, the quality of the questionnaires used in medical education research is highly variable. To address this problem, this AMEE Guide presents a systematic, seven-step process for designing high-quality questionnaires, with particular emphasis on developing survey scales. These seven steps do not address all aspects of survey design, nor do they represent the only way to develop a high-quality questionnaire. Instead, these steps synthesize multiple survey design techniques and organize them into a cohesive process for questionnaire developers of all levels. Addressing each of these steps systematically will improve the probabilities that survey designers will accurately measure what they intend to measure. PMID:24661014

  14. Translation as a psycholinguistic phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Zasyekin, Serhiy

    2010-06-01

    The article sketches the outlines of a theoretical framework for the analysis of translation of literary texts, viewed as psycho-semiotic phenomenon and based on evaluation of earlier attempts in this direction, and on the results of a psycholinguistic empirical study of translations. Central to this framework is the recent insight that the human cerebral hemisphere functional asymmetry somehow plays a role in structuring the fictional text by its author and in its processing by the interpreter. It is argued that the texts of modernism and post-modernism contain information blocks describing a character's perception of events in altered states of consciousness. This model helps to explain how a translator's inappropriate linguistic choice may influence the target language reader's aesthetic reaction. PMID:19894118

  15. Machine translation project alternatives analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bajis, Catherine J.; Bedford, Denise A. D.

    1993-01-01

    The Machine Translation Project consists of several components, two of which, the Project Plan and the Requirements Analysis, have already been delivered. The Project Plan details the overall rationale, objectives and time-table for the project as a whole. The Requirements Analysis compares a number of available machine translation systems, their capabilities, possible configurations, and costs. The Alternatives Analysis has resulted in a number of conclusions and recommendations to the NASA STI program concerning the acquisition of specific MT systems and related hardware and software.

  16. Diglossia in Literary Translation: Accommodation into Translation Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zughoul, Muhammad Raji; El-Badarien, Mohammed Nasser

    Sociolinguistic research on varieties of language and language variation, along with the necessity for meeting "equivalence" in terms of the appropriateness of the variety to the context have been well recognized in the formulation of a translation theory. However, the treatment of variation has always been restricted to dialect and has not…

  17. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT) into Portuguese

    PubMed Central

    Polesello, Giancarlo Cavalli; Godoy, Guilherme Finardi; Trindade, Christiano Augusto de Castro; de Queiroz, Marcelo Cavalheiro; Honda, Emerson; Ono, Nelson Keiske

    2012-01-01

    Objective iHOT12/33 is an outcome tool designed for young patients with hip problems. The objective of this study is to translate and establish a cross-cultural adaptation of this questionnaire to Portuguese. Method The Guillemin guidelines were followed for the translation and cross-cultural adaptation consisting on: translation, back-translation, prefinal version, administration of the Questionnaire, and editing of the final version. Results The prefinal version was applied to 30 young patients with hip problems. Some difficulties in understanding some of the words and expressions were noted, and these were replaced with simpler ones, achieving the patient's full acceptability in the final version of the Questionnaire. Conclusion The creation of the Brazilian version of the International Hip Outocome Tool (iHOT) 12/33 enables this questionnaire to be used in the evaluation of patients with hip problems in Brazil, and was clearly understood, with good acceptance by the patients tested. Level of evidence II - Development of diagnostic criteria on consecutive patients (with universally applied reference "gold" standard). PMID:24453587

  18. Study protocol of psychometric properties of the Spanish translation of a competence test in evidence based practice: The Fresno test

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Josep M Argimon-Pallàs; Gemma Flores-Mateo; Josep Jiménez-Villa; Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera; Gonçal Foz; Magda Bundó-Vidiella; Sebastià Juncosa; Cruz M Fuentes-Bellido; Belén Pérez-Rodríguez; Francesc Margalef-Pallarès; Rosa Villafafila-Ferrero; Dolors Forès-Garcia; Josep Roman-Martínez; Esther Vilert-Garroga

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are few high-quality instruments for evaluating the effectiveness of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) curricula with objective outcomes measures. The Fresno test is an instrument that evaluates most of EBP steps with a high reliability and validity in the English original version. The present study has the aims to translate the Fresno questionnaire into Spanish and its subsequent validation to

  19. Psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of Pfeffer's Functional Activities Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Assis, Luciana de Oliveira; de Paula, Jonas J.; Assis, Marcella G.; de Moraes, Edgar N.; Malloy-Diniz, Leandro F.

    2014-01-01

    Pfeffer's Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ) is one of the most commonly employed tools in studies on pathological cognitive aging. Despite the different versions of the questionnaire translated for use in clinical practice, few studies have analyzed the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version of the FAQ (P-FAQ). Thus, the aim of the present study was to analyze the P-FAQ with regard to internal consistency, factorial structure and associations with demographic factors (age, sex, and schooling), depressive symptoms, cognitive measures and other measures of functionality. One hundred sixty-one older adults were divided into four groups (91 with dementia, 46 with mild cognitive impairment, 11 with psychiatric disorders and 13 healthy controls). All participants were evaluated by cognitive, behavioral and functional tests and scales. Their caregivers answered the P-FAQ. The questionnaire showed high internal consistency (? = 0.91). Factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure, which, accounted for 66% of the total variance. The P-FAQ was not correlated with demographic factors, was weakly correlated with depressive symptoms (? = 0.271, p < 0.01, R2 = 7%) and strongly correlated with cognitive measures (Matttis Dementia Rating Scale total score: ? = ?0.574, p < 0.01, R2 = 33%) as well as complex instrumental activities of daily living (? = ?0.845, p < 0.01, R2 = 71%). Cognitive performance and depression status were independent predictors of P-FAQ scores in regression models. The present findings indicate that the P-FAQ has satisfactory reliability, internal consistency, construct validity and ecological validity. Therefore, this questionnaire can be used in clinical practice and research involving the Brazilian population of older adults. PMID:25309432

  20. Master of Science Translational Research

    E-print Network

    Bushman, Frederic

    Master of Science Translational Research Emma A. Meagher, MD Program Director emma@upenn.edu #12 · J Craniofac Surg. MD-MTR Graduates - Outcomes #12;12 MTR Contact Information Emma A. Meagher, MD emma@upenn.edu Megan Maxwell Program Coordinator 215-349-8627 ITMATEd@mail.med.upenn.edu Visit website

  1. TRENDS AND CHALLENGES TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH

    E-print Network

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    Preemptive The Future Paradigm: The 4 P's Transform Medicine from Curative to Preemptive PRECISION MEDICINE and Disease Will lead to a functional and more precise re-classification of most diseases based-oriented Clinical Research Population-based Clinical Research Clinical Trials TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE A NEW

  2. TRANSLATING THE WEBSEMANTICS OF GEOREFERENCES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephan Winter; Martin Tomko

    2001-01-01

    This chapter presents a review of the ways of georeferencing in Web resources, as opposed to the georeferencing of other information communities, specifically in route directions for wayfinders. The different information needs of the two information communities, reflected by their different semantics of georeferences, are identified. In a case study, we investigate the possibilities of translating the semantics of georeferences

  3. September 2, 2004 English Translation

    E-print Network

    Gefen, Amit

    of diabetes, amputation is the one most feared. Diabetes is a dominant cause for amputations. In the UnitedSeptember 2, 2004 English Translation Diffusion of Ulcers in the Diabetic Foot is Promoted: Diabetes mellitus, muscle mechanical properties, animal model, finite element method, therapeutic footwear

  4. Synaptic Plasticity and Translation Initiation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klann, Eric; Antion, Marcia D.; Banko, Jessica L.; Hou, Lingfei

    2004-01-01

    It is widely accepted that protein synthesis, including local protein synthesis at synapses, is required for several forms of synaptic plasticity. Local protein synthesis enables synapses to control synaptic strength independent of the cell body via rapid protein production from pre-existing mRNA. Therefore, regulation of translation initiation is…

  5. Protein synthesis: The ribosome & translation

    E-print Network

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    with the 30S ribosomal subunit in the A site and prevents aminoacyl-tRNA from entering11/3/14 1 Protein synthesis: The ribosome & translation Ribosomes ("ribonucleic acid" "bodies the complete ribosome. During protein synthesis, the ribosome binds transfer RNA molecules in three different

  6. Initiatives | Translational Research Program (TRP)

    Cancer.gov

    As a result of the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) the NCI participated in the “Grand Opportunities” (“GO”) Program (RFA-OD-09-004; RC2 grant) to support research on high impact translational research by encouraging and rewarding collaborative team science.

  7. Translational Research and Youth Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Stephen F.

    2015-01-01

    Borrowing the term "translational research" (TR) from medicine, along with some of the ideas and practices that define it, holds promise as a way of linking research more closely to the practice of youth development. However, doing so entails substantial adaptation. TR is more than a new name for applied research. It comprehends the…

  8. PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    PRESS RELEASE FROM TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY (http://www.nature.com/tp/) For papers Psychiatry Its use is granted only for journalists and news media receiving it directly from the Nature Psychiatry to be reproduced for the purposes of contemporaneous news reporting, you must also seek permission

  9. Clinical translation of angiogenesis inhibitors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Kerbel; Judah Folkman

    2002-01-01

    Angiogenesis inhibitors are a new class of drugs, for which the general rules involving conventional chemotherapy might not apply. The successful translation of angiogenesis inhibitors to clinical application depends partly on the transfer of expertise from scientists who are familiar with the biology of angiogenesis to clinicians. What are the most common questions that clinicians ask as they begin to

  10. Dynamics of the Translational Machinery

    PubMed Central

    Petrov, Alexey; Kornberg, Guy; O’Leary, Seán; Tsai, Albert; Uemura, Sotaro; Puglisi, Joseph D.

    2013-01-01

    The recent growth in single molecule studies of translation has provided an insight into the molecular mechanism of ribosomal function. Single molecule fluorescence approaches allowed direct observation of the structural rearrangements occurring during translation and revealed dynamic motions of the ribosome and its ligands. These studies demonstrated how ligand binding affects dynamics of the ribosome, and the role of the conformational sampling in large-scale rearrangements intrinsic to translation elongation. The application of time-resolved cryo-electron microscopy revealed new conformational intermediates during back-translocation providing an insight into ribosomal dynamics from an alternative perspective. Recent developments permitted examination of conformational and compositional dynamics of the ribosome in real-time through multiple cycles of elongation at the single molecule level. The zero-mode waveguide approach allowed direct observation of the compositional dynamics of tRNA occupancy on the elongating ribosome. The emergence of single molecule in vivo techniques provided insights into the mechanism and regulation of translation at the organismal level. PMID:21256733

  11. Knowledge Translation in Rehabilitation Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Kurt; Brown, Pat; Harniss, Mark; Schomer, Katherine

    2010-01-01

    The process and importance of Knowledge Translation (KT) for the field of rehabilitation counseling is described. One element of the KT process, systematic reviews of the literature, is described along with several strategies for grading evidence. Practicing clinicians, as do consumers, encounter a number of barriers to using primary source…

  12. Genetic Analysis of Chloroplast Translation

    SciTech Connect

    Barkan, Alice

    2005-08-15

    The assembly of the photosynthetic apparatus requires the concerted action of hundreds of genes distributed between the two physically separate genomes in the nucleus and chloroplast. Nuclear genes coordinate this process by controlling the expression of chloroplast genes in response to developmental and environmental cues. However, few regulatory factors have been identified. We used mutant phenotypes to identify nuclear genes in maize that modulate chloroplast translation, a key control point in chloroplast gene expression. This project focused on the nuclear gene crp1, required for the translation of two chloroplast mRNAs. CRP1 is related to fungal proteins involved in the translation of mitochondrial mRNAs, and is the founding member of a large gene family in plants, with {approx}450 members. Members of the CRP1 family are defined by a repeated 35 amino acid motif called a ''PPR'' motif. The PPR motif is closely related to the TPR motif, which mediates protein-protein interactions. We and others have speculated that PPR tracts adopt a structure similar to that of TPR tracts, but with a substrate binding surface adapted to bind RNA instead of protein. To understand how CRP1 influences the translation of specific chloroplast mRNAs, we sought proteins that interact with CRP1, and identified the RNAs associated with CRP1 in vivo. We showed that CRP1 is associated in vivo with the mRNAs whose translation it activates. To explore the functions of PPR proteins more generally, we sought mutations in other PPR-encoding genes: mutations in the maize PPR2 and PPR4 were shown to disrupt chloroplast ribosome biogenesis and chloroplast trans-splicing, respectively. These and other results suggest that the nuclear-encoded PPR family plays a major role in modulating the expression of the chloroplast genome in higher plants.

  13. Validity and reliability of the persian (Farsi) version of the DN4 (Douleur Neuropathique 4 Questions) questionnaire for differential diagnosis of neuropathic from non-neuropathic pains.

    PubMed

    Madani, Seyed Pezhman; Fateh, Hamid R; Forogh, Bijan; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Ahadi, Tannaz; Ghaboussi, Pouya; Bouhassira, Didier; Raissi, Gholam Reza

    2014-06-01

    The aim of our study was translation and assessment of validity and reliability of the Persian version of DN4 questionnaire. The goal was to fill the gap caused by the absence of a validated instrument in Persian to facilitate discrimination of neuropathic pain. In this study, the adaptation and validation of the questionnaire was carried out in 4 steps, including translation, retranslation, semantic, and literal assessments, and a pilot study for practicability and potential perception difficulties of the final Persian version on 45 patient samples. The questionnaire validation performed on 175 patients, 112 (64%) females with the mean age of 52.53 (SD = 14.98) ranging from 22 to 87 years of age with neuropathic (N = 86) and non-neuropathic pain (NNP) (N = 89). Sensitivity, specificity, and Youden Index in cut-off point ? 4 were 90%, 95%, and 0.85, respectively, which are noteworthy findings among other validation studies. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the whole questionnaire was 0.852. Inter-rater agreement and test-retest reliability were significant intraclass coefficient (ICC = 0.957 and ICC = 0.918, respectively). The Persian version of DN4 questionnaire is a reliable, valid, feasible, and easily administered tool for precise discrimination neuropathic pain from NNP in Farsi. The characteristics of this test can assist practitioner to diagnose neuropathic pain accurately for both clinical and research purposes. PMID:23763722

  14. Validation of the Korean version of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey screening questionnaire for use in epidemiologic studies for adult asthma

    PubMed Central

    Song, Woo-Jung; Lee, So-Hee; Kang, Min-Gyu; Kim, Ju-Young; Kim, Mi-Young; Jo, Eun-Jung; Lee, Suh-Young; Lee, Seung-Eun; Kim, Min-Hye; Yang, Min-Suk; Kim, Sae-Hoon; Kang, Hye-Ryun; Park, Hye-Kyung; Park, Heung-Woo; Chang, Yoon-Seok; Kim, Sun-Sin; Lee, Jong-Myung; Min, Kyung-Up

    2015-01-01

    Background Standardized questionnaire is one of key instruments for general population surveys. Objective The present study aimed to develop and validate the Korean version of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) screening questionnaire for adult asthma surveys. Methods The ECRHS screening questionnaire was translated into Korean language according to the international criteria. Study participants were prospectively recruited from six referral hospitals and one health check-up center. Comprehensibility of the translation was tested in a pilot study of 10 patients. The reliability was evaluated by internal consistency and test-retest repeatability. Validity was assess with regard to physician-diagnosed asthma. Results A total of 100 adult asthma patients and 134 volunteers were recruited. Reliability was examined for 10 items in 100 asthmatics; Cronbach ? coefficients were 0.84, and test-retest repeatability was good (Cohen ? coefficient, 0.71-1.00). Validity was assessed for 8 items in 234 participants; in particular, 'recent wheeze' showed a high sensitivity (0.89) for physician-diagnosed asthma. 'Recent asthma attack' and 'current asthma medication' showed high specificity (0.96-0.98). Conclusion The present study demonstrated that the Korean version of the ECRHS screening questionnaire was comprehensible, reliable and valid. We suggest the questionnaire to be utilized in further epidemiological studies for asthma in Korean adult populations. PMID:25653917

  15. A Comparison of Questionnaires for Assessing Website Usability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas S. Tullis; Jacqueline N. Stetson

    2004-01-01

    Five questionnaires for assessing the usability of a website were compared in a study with 123 participants. The questionnaires studied were SUS, QUIS, CSUQ, a variant of Microsoft's Product Reaction Cards, and one that we have used in our Usability Lab for several years. Each participant performed two tasks on each of two websites: finance.yahoo.com and kiplinger.com. All five questionnaires

  16. Reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nancy D Brener; Laura Kann; Tim McManus; Steven A Kinchen; Elizabeth C Sundberg; James G Ross

    2002-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the test-retest reliability of the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) questionnaire.Methods: A sample of 4619 male and female high school students from white, black, Hispanic, and other racial\\/ethnic groups completed the YRBS questionnaire on two occasions approximately two weeks apart. The questionnaire assesses a broad range of health risk behaviors. This study used a protocol that

  17. Questionnaires in behavioral pediatrics: guidelines for selection and use.

    PubMed

    Eisert, D C; Sturner, R A; Mabe, P A

    1991-02-01

    There is a death of information for pediatricians to use in choosing questionnaires that would be useful in medical practice. In this article, general guidelines are presented for primary child health clinicians to use in selecting questionnaires. Concepts such as reliability, validity, readability, response format, scoring and completion time, and norms are reviewed, and the implications of these concepts for practitioners are discussed. Guidelines are applied to selected behavioral questionnaires to illustrate their importance. PMID:2016402

  18. Screening for Depressive Disorders in Patients with Skin Diseases: A Comparison of Three Screeners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angelo Picardi; David A. ADLER; Damiano Abeni; Hong Chang; Paolo Pasquini; William H. ROGERS; Kathleen M. BUNGAY

    2005-01-01

    Despite being common, depression often goes undetected in patients with skin diseases. Our aim was to examine and compare the performance of three depression screen- ers. We studied dermatological inpatients aged 18-65 years. They completed the questionnaires Primary Care Screener for Affective Disorders (PC-SAD), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and were administered a standardized psychiatric interview

  19. Utility of brief questionnaires of health-related quality of life (Airways Questionnaire 20 and Clinical COPD Questionnaire) to predict exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background There is some evidence that quality of life measured by long disease-specific questionnaires may predict exacerbations in asthma and COPD, however brief quality of life tools, such as the Airways Questionnaire 20 (AQ20) or the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), have not yet been evaluated as predictors of hospital exacerbations. Objectives To determine the ability of brief specific health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaires (AQ20 and CCQ) to predict emergency department visits (ED) and hospitalizations in patients with asthma and COPD, and to compare them to longer disease-specific questionnaires, such as the St George´s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ) and the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). Methods We conducted a two-year prospective cohort study of 208 adult patients (108 asthma, 100 COPD). Baseline sociodemographic, clinical, functional and psychological variables were assessed. All patients completed the AQ20 and the SGRQ. COPD patients also completed the CCQ and the CRQ, while asthmatic patients completed the AQLQ. We registered all exacerbations that required ED or hospitalizations in the follow-up period. Differences between groups (zero ED visits or hospitalizations versus???1 ED visits or hospitalizations) were tested with Pearson´s X2 or Fisher´s exact test for categorical variables, ANOVA for normally distributed continuous variables, and Mann–Whitney U test for non-normally distributed variables. Logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the predictive ability of each HRQoL questionnaire. Results In the first year of follow-up, the AQ20 scores predicted both ED visits (OR: 1.19; p?=?.004; AUC 0.723) and hospitalizations (OR: 1.21; p?=?.04; AUC 0.759) for asthma patients, and the CCQ emerged as independent predictor of ED visits in COPD patients (OR: 1.06; p?=?.036; AUC 0.651), after adjusting for sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. Among the longer disease-specific questionnaires, only the AQLQ emerged as predictor of ED visits in asthma patients (OR: 0.9; p?=?.002; AUC 0.727). In the second year of follow-up, none of HRQoL questionnaires predicted exacerbations. Conclusions AQ20 predicts exacerbations in asthma and CCQ predicts ED visits in COPD in the first year of follow-up. Their predictive ability is similar to or even higher than that of longer disease-specific questionnaires. PMID:23706146

  20. Translation Competence and Translation Performance: Lexical, Syntactic and Textual Patterns in Student Translations of a Specialized EU Genre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karoly, Adrienn

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a study aiming to reveal the recurring patterns of lexical, syntactic and textual errors in student translations of a specialized EU genre from English into Hungarian. By comparing the student translations to the official translation of the text, this article uncovers the most frequent errors that students made…

  1. Questionnaire about psychology/disease correlation – II

    PubMed Central

    Drago?, D; Ojog, DG; T?n?sescu, MD

    2011-01-01

    Objective. To further evaluate the adequacy of the items in our questionnaire aimed at unraveling the possible correlations between psychological features and internal disorders. This paper is dedicated to the items exploring the individual’s interaction with other people. Method. The items are divided into several subdomains. For each subdomain, we have calculated the correlations between the items of the respective subdomain (inner associations) and with the items in other subdomains (outer associations) by means of chi square test or Fisher exact test as dictated by statistical reasons. We examined the answers from our first 10192 respondents. Results and conclusions. Many inter-item correlations are the consequence of higher or lesser degrees of synonymy. Those within a given subdomain confirm the adequate allocation of items. Those bridging different subdomains may point either to incorrect assignments, or to semantic inclusion relations. Other results are not explicable by semantic similarity, and probably reveal psychological subtleties, such as: most individuals have a sense of undeservedness when badly treated by other people; those easily hurt by insults and humiliations have a propensity to timidity and/or emotivity; the subjects who shun conflicts are more prone to persistent thoughts, brooding people are more sensitive and more prone to conflicts, injustice-indignant people frequently get into conflict although they declare to be bothered by dissent etc. But at the heart of all the PFs in the Interaction-with-other-people domain there seems to be the sense of being undervalued, which should probably be the key issue to be addressed by any therapeutic interventions for diseases psychoemotionally determined by disturbed interpersonal relationships. Abbreviations: PF = psychological feature; Chisq = chi-square; OdRa = odds ratio; OdRaCL = odds ratio confidence limits; ErrProb = probability of error PMID:22514567

  2. Using linguistic knowledge in statistical machine translation

    E-print Network

    Zbib, Rabih M. (Rabih Mohamed), 1974-

    2010-01-01

    In this thesis, we present methods for using linguistically motivated information to enhance the performance of statistical machine translation (SMT). One of the advantages of the statistical approach to machine translation ...

  3. Translational-invariant noncommutative gauge theory

    E-print Network

    F. Ardalan; N. Sadooghi

    2010-11-18

    A generalized translational invariant noncommutative field theory is analyzed in detail, and a complete description of translational invariant noncommutative structures is worked out. The relevant gauge theory is described, and the planar and nonplanar axial anomalies are obtained.

  4. Translational-invariant noncommutative gauge theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Ardalan; N. Sadooghi

    2011-01-01

    A generalized translational-invariant noncommutative field theory is analyzed in detail, and a complete description of translational-invariant noncommutative structures is worked out. The relevant gauge theory is described, and the planar and nonplanar axial anomalies are obtained.

  5. Translational environmental biology: cell biology informing conservation

    E-print Network

    Palumbi, Stephen

    Translational environmental biology: cell biology informing conservation Nikki Traylor 93950, USA Typically, findings from cell biology have been beneficial for preventing human disease. However, translational applications from cell biology can also be applied to conservation efforts

  6. Knowledge Translation Using Evidence for Better Decisions

    E-print Network

    Morris, Joy

    ? #12;Knowledge Translation? · Knowledge mobilization · Evidence-based practice · Research transferKnowledge Translation Using Evidence for Better Decisions Alberta Innovates ­ Health Solutions between producers and potential users of research that supports evidence-informed decision making

  7. Translating the Iliad for a Wider Public

    E-print Network

    Lombardo, Stanley

    2010-12-01

    This paper considers key principles and strategies in producing a translation of Homer's Iliad that succeeds for a wide audience both as poetic text and in performance. The author's translation of the last c. 100 lines of ...

  8. A MEMS Micro-Translation Stage with Long Linear Translation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ferguson, Cynthia K.; English, J. M.; Nordin, G. P.; Ashley, P. R.; Abushagur, M. A. G.

    2004-01-01

    A MEMS Micro-Translation Stage (MTS) actuator concept has been developed that is capable of traveling long distances, while maintaining low power, low voltage, and accuracy as required by many applications, including optical coupling. The Micro-Translation Stage (MTS) uses capacitive electrostatic forces in a linear motor application, with stationary stators arranged linearly on both sides of a channel, and matching rotors on a moveable shuttle. This creates a force that allows the shuttle to be pulled along the channel. It is designed to carry 100 micron-sized elements on the top surface, and can travel back and forth in the channel, either in a stepping fashion allowing many interim stops, or it can maintain constant adjustable speeds for a controlled scanning motion. The MTS travel range is limited only by the size of the fabrication wafer. Analytical modeling and simulations were performed based on the fabrication process, to assure the stresses, friction and electrostatic forces were acceptable to allow successful operation of this device. The translation forces were analyzed to be near 0.5 micron N, with a 300 micron N stop-to-stop time of 11.8 ms.

  9. Single acting translational/rotational brake

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allred, Johnny W. (Inventor); Fleck, Jr., Vincent J. (Inventor)

    1996-01-01

    A brake system is provided that applies braking forces on surfaces in both the translational and rotational directions using a single acting self-contained actuator that travels with the translational mechanism. The brake engages a mechanical lock and creates a frictional force on the translational structure preventing translation while simultaneously creating a frictional torque that prevents rotation of the vertical support. The system may include serrations on the braking surfaces to provide increased braking forces.

  10. Preserved Network Metrics across Translated Texts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cabatbat, Josephine Jill T.; Monsanto, Jica P.; Tapang, Giovanni A.

    2014-09-01

    Co-occurrence language networks based on Bible translations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) translations in different languages were constructed and compared with random text networks. Among the considered network metrics, the network size, N, the normalized betweenness centrality (BC), and the average k-nearest neighbors, knn, were found to be the most preserved across translations. Moreover, similar frequency distributions of co-occurring network motifs were observed for translated texts networks.

  11. Unrealistic Expectations Businesses Have about Translators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Cecilia M.

    Increased international business and technological advances that speed business communication are affecting the expectations that business has for translators. More companies are asking translation agencies to translate such items as English business letters, advertising campaigns, flyers, brochures, and technical manuals into other languages,…

  12. Turkish To Crimean Tatar Machine Translation System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kemal Altintas

    2001-01-01

    TURKISH TO CRIMEAN TATAR MACHINE TRANSLATION SYSTEM Kemal Altintas MS in Computer Engineering Supervisor: Asst.Prof.Ilyas Cicekli July, 2001 Machine translation has always been interesting to people since the invention of computers. Most of the research has been conducted on western languages such as English and French, and Turkish and Turkic languages have been left out of the scene. Machine translation

  13. A translational framework for public health research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Ogilvie; Peter Craig; Simon Griffin; Sally Macintyre; Nicholas J Wareham

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The paradigm of translational medicine that underpins frameworks such as the Cooksey report on the funding of health research does not adequately reflect the complex reality of the public health environment. We therefore outline a translational framework for public health research. DISCUSSION: Our framework redefines the objective of translation from that of institutionalising effective interventions to that of improving

  14. Effective knowledge management in translational medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sándor Szalma; Venkata Koka; Tatiana Khasanova; Eric D Perakslis

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The growing consensus that most valuable data source for biomedical discoveries is derived from human samples is clearly reflected in the growing number of translational medicine and translational sciences departments across pharma as well as academic and government supported initiatives such as Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) in the US and the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) of EU

  15. Literature in transLation (Lit)

    E-print Network

    Dresden, Gregory

    210 Literature in transLation (Lit) Literature in translation 201 (Classics 201) (3)-- Classical from the myths of other peoples and contemporary society. (HL, GE3) Staff. Fall Literature in translation 203 (Classics 203) (3)-- Greek Literature from Homer to the early Hellenistic Period Readings

  16. Strata: A Software Dynamic Translation Infrastructure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin Scott; Jack Davidson

    2001-01-01

    Software dynamic translation is the alteration of a running program to achieve a specific objec- tive. For example, a dynamic optimizer uses software dynamic translation to modify a running program with the objective of making the program run faster. In addition to its demonstrated util- ity in dynamic optimizers, software dynamic translation also shows promise for producing appli- cations that

  17. On Knowledge-Based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sergei Nirenburg; Victor Raskin; Allen B. Tucker

    1986-01-01

    This paper describes the design of the knowledge representation medium used for representing concepts and assertions, respectively, in a subworld chosen for a knowledge-based machine translation system. This design is used in the TRANSLATOR machine translation project. The knowledge representation language, or interlingua, has two components, DIL and TIL. DIL stands for 'dictionary of interlingua' and descibes the semantics of

  18. LARGESCALE MACHINE TRANSLATION: AN INTERLINGUA APPROACH

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    be user information for consumer electronics. 2.1 The Knowledge Base Successful translation by machine requires the use of vari­ ous types of knowledge (hence the term ``Knowledge­Based Machine TranslationLARGE­SCALE MACHINE TRANSLATION: AN INTERLINGUA APPROACH Deryle W. Lonsdale, Alexander M. Franz

  19. Steps Toward Knowledge-Based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaime G. Carbonell; Richard E. Cullingford; Anatole V. Gershman

    1981-01-01

    This paper considers the possibilities for knowledge-based automatic text translation in the light of recent advances in artificial intelligence. It is argued that competent translation requires some reasonable depth of understanding of the source text, and, in particular, access to detailed contextual information. The following machine translation paradigm is proposed. First, the source text is analyzed and mapped into a

  20. Superfunction based Japanese-English machine translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manabu Sasayama; Fuji Ren; Shingo Kuroiwa

    2003-01-01

    We have presented a new method called super-function based machine translation (SFBMT). SFBMT uses super-function (SF) to translate without syntactic and semantic analysis as most conventional MT systems do. SF represents correspondence with a source language sentence structure and a target language sentence structure directory. According to this feature, the system realizes very fast translation. Moreover we do not feel

  1. Effects of machine translation on collaborative work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naomi Yamashita; Toru Ishida

    2006-01-01

    Even though multilingual communities that use machine translation to overcome language barriers are increasing, we still lack a complete understanding of how machine translation affects communication. In this study, eight pairs from three different language communities-China, Korea, and Japan-worked on referential tasks in their shared second language (English) and in their native languages using a machine translation embedded chat system.

  2. What is Example-Based Machine Translation?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Davide Turcato; Fred Popowich

    2003-01-01

    We maintain that the essential feature that characterizes a Machine Translation approach and sets it apart from other approaches is the kind of knowledge it uses. From this perspective, we argue that Example-Based Machine Translation is sometimes characterized in terms of inessential features. We show that Example-Based Machine Translation, as long as it is linguistically principled, significantly overlaps with other

  3. Machine Translation Overview Language Technologies Institute

    E-print Network

    Lavie, Alon

    Machine Translation Overview Alon Lavie Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University LTI Immigration Course August 22, 2011 #12;August 22, 2011 LTI IC 2011 2 Machine Translation: History for Machine Translation" (CMT) founded · Late 1980s and early 1990s: Field dominated by rule-based approaches

  4. A REASONED INTERLINGUA FOR KNOWLEDGEBASED MACHINE TRANSLATION

    E-print Network

    Shamos, Michael I.

    A REASONED INTERLINGUA FOR KNOWLEDGE­BASED MACHINE TRANSLATION John R. R. Leavitt, Deryle W translation requires the use of various types of knowledge (hence the term ``Knowledge­Based Ma­ chine . Lonsdale, and Alexander M. Franz Center for Machine Translation, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa

  5. Towards Pragmatics-based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Farwell; Stephen Helmreich

    We propose a program of research which has as its goal establishing a framework and methodology for investigating the pragmatic aspects of the translation process and implementing a computational platform for carrying out systematic experiments on the pragmatics of translation. The program has four components. First, on the basis of a comparative study of multiple translations of the same document

  6. ncats.nih.gov Transforming Translational Research

    E-print Network

    Baker, Chris I.

    diseases affect humans, yet only about 500 have any treatment approved by the Food and Drug Administration and accelerate the translational process for all. Translation Is a Team Sport The translational journey from and academic scientists, nonprofit organizations, and pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies working

  7. Translating XSLT programs to Efficient SQL queries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sushant Jain; Ratul Mahajan; Dan Suciu

    2002-01-01

    We present an algorithm for translating XSLT programs into SQL. Our context is that of virtual XML publishing, in which a single XML view is defined from a relational database, and subsequently queried with XSLT programs. Each XSLT program is translated into a single SQL query and run entirely in the database engine. Our translation works for a large fragment

  8. Dependency Treelet Translation: Syntactically Informed Phrasal SMT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Quirk; Arul Menezes; Colin Cherry

    2005-01-01

    We describe a novel approach to statistical machine translation that combines syntactic information in the source language with recent advances in phrasal translation. This method requires a source-language dependency parser, target language word segmentation and an unsupervised word alignment component. We align a parallel corpus, project the source dependency parse onto the target sentence, extract dependency treelet translation pairs, and

  9. Machine Translations of Chinese Mathematical Articles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loh, Shiu-Chang; And Others

    1978-01-01

    A practical machine translation system called CULT (Chinese University Language Translator), capable of translating Chinese mathematical texts into readable English, has been developed during the period 1969-1977 at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Programs for the system are written in Standard FORTRAN and run on the ICL1904A computer system.…

  10. Antipsychotic dosing: found in translation.

    PubMed

    Remington, Gary; Fervaha, Gagan; Foussias, George; Agid, Ofer; Turrone, Peter

    2014-07-01

    In the field of schizophrenia research, as in other areas of psychiatry, there is a sense of frustration that greater advances have not been made over the years, calling into question existing research strategies. Arguably, many purported gains claimed by research have been "lost in translation," resulting in limited impact on diagnosis and treatment in the clinical setting. There are exceptions; for example, we would argue that different lines of preclinical and clinical research have substantially altered how we look at antipsychotic dosing. While this story remains a work in progress, advances "found in translation" have played an important role. Detailing these changes, the present paper speaks to a body of evidence that has already shifted clinical practice and raises questions that may further alter the manner in which antipsychotics have been administered over the last 6 decades. PMID:24467943

  11. Practical advice for conducting ethical online experiments and questionnaires for United States psychologists.

    PubMed

    Barchard, Kimberly A; Williams, John

    2008-11-01

    It is increasingly easy and, therefore, increasingly common to conduct experiments and questionnaire studies in online environments. However, the online environment is not a data collection medium that is familiar to many researchers or to many research methods instructors. Because of this, researchers have received little information about how to address ethical issues when conducting online research. Researchers need practical suggestions on how to translate federal and professional ethics codes into this new data collection medium. This article assists United States psychologists in designing online studies that meet accepted standards for informed consent, deception, debriefing, the right to withdraw, security of test materials, copyright of participants' materials, confidentiality and anonymity, and avoiding harm. PMID:19001403

  12. Spotlight on Zebrafish: Translational Impact

    PubMed Central

    Patton, E. Elizabeth; Dhillon, Paraminder; Amatruda, James F.; Ramakrishnan, Lalita

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the zebrafish has emerged as an increasingly prominent model in biomedical research. To showcase the translational impact of the model across multiple disease areas, Disease Models & Mechanisms has compiled a Special Issue that includes thought-provoking reviews, original research reporting new and important insights into disease mechanisms, and novel resources that expand the zebrafish toolkit. This Editorial provides a summary of the issue’s contents, highlighting the diversity of zebrafish disease models and their clinical applications. PMID:24973741

  13. Translational control of maternal RNAs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas C. Evans; Craig P. Hunter

    2005-01-01

    Early development of many species depends on the temporal and spatial control of maternal gene products. This review discusses the control of maternal mRNAs that encode regulators of C. elegans embryogenesis. In the C. elegans embryo, maternal mRNA regulation is crucial to the patterning of early cell fates. Translational control of key mRNAs spatially organizes cell signaling pathways, localizes transcription

  14. Our MSc Arabic-English Translation and Computer-Assisted Translation Tools

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    About Our MSc Arabic-English Translation and Computer-Assisted Translation Tools programme offers in both directions between Arabic and English. Heriot-Watt is one of only 4 UK universities to be a member Structure The MSc Arabic-English Translation and Computer-Assisted Translation Tools has a single intake

  15. How Do English Translation Majors Use Translation Strategies? A Survey of the Iranian EFL Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asgarian, Amir; Vefali, Gülsen Musayeva

    2015-01-01

    Translation language learning strategies, especially in relation to translation students, have not received adequate attention in the research to date. Therefore, the present study attempted to explore Iranian translation students' use of translation strategies, related beliefs, and academic achievement. It was a survey study involving…

  16. Machine-Aided Translation: From Terminology Banks to Interactive Translation Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenfield, Concetta C.; Serain, Daniel

    The rapid growth of the need for technical translations in recent years has led specialists to utilize computer technology to improve the efficiency and quality of translation. The two approaches considered were automatic translation and terminology banks. Since the results of fully automatic translation were considered unsatisfactory by various…

  17. TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH IN NEUROLOGY: DEMENTIA

    PubMed Central

    Honig, Lawrence S.

    2013-01-01

    Dementia disorders are characterized by clinicopathological criteria. Molecular understandings of these disorders, based on immunohistochemical studies, biochemical investigations, genetic approaches, and animal models have resulted in advances in diagnosis. Likewise translational research has allowed application of increasing basic scientific knowledge regarding neurodegeneration, to the rational development of new investigational therapies based on current understanding of disease pathogenesis. This review discusses application of translational research to both diagnosis and treatment of dementia disorders. The development of biomarkers has yielded imaging and biochemical methods that more assist in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative dementias, especially Alzheimer’s disease. New diagnostic criteria for disease are based on these molecular-based techniques. And these biomarkers are of potential use in monitoring disease activity during therapeutic trials. Translational investigations likewise have led towards new avenues in targeted dementia research. This is particularly so in the development and testing of disease-modifying treatments that might slow or deter progressive deterioration. Recent clinical trials have not been based on empiric trial of established drugs, but rather upon trial of drugs shown through culture and animal models to interfere with known elements of the pathogenetic cascade of Alzheimer disease. PMID:22473767

  18. Machine Translation Evaluation and Optimization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dorr, Bonnie; Olive, Joseph; McCary, John; Christianson, Caitlin

    The evaluation of machine translation (MT) systems is a vital field of research, both for determining the effectiveness of existing MT systems and for optimizing the performance of MT systems. This part describes a range of different evaluation approaches used in the GALE community and introduces evaluation protocols and methodologies used in the program. We discuss the development and use of automatic, human, task-based and semi-automatic (human-in-the-loop) methods of evaluating machine translation, focusing on the use of a human-mediated translation error rate HTER as the evaluation standard used in GALE. We discuss the workflow associated with the use of this measure, including post editing, quality control, and scoring. We document the evaluation tasks, data, protocols, and results of recent GALE MT Evaluations. In addition, we present a range of different approaches for optimizing MT systems on the basis of different measures. We outline the requirements and specific problems when using different optimization approaches and describe how the characteristics of different MT metrics affect the optimization. Finally, we describe novel recent and ongoing work on the development of fully automatic MT evaluation metrics that have the potential to substantially improve the effectiveness of evaluation and optimization of MT systems.

  19. XML Translator for Interface Descriptions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Boroson, Elizabeth R.

    2009-01-01

    A computer program defines an XML schema for specifying the interface to a generic FPGA from the perspective of software that will interact with the device. This XML interface description is then translated into header files for C, Verilog, and VHDL. User interface definition input is checked via both the provided XML schema and the translator module to ensure consistency and accuracy. Currently, programming used on both sides of an interface is inconsistent. This makes it hard to find and fix errors. By using a common schema, both sides are forced to use the same structure by using the same framework and toolset. This makes for easy identification of problems, which leads to the ability to formulate a solution. The toolset contains constants that allow a programmer to use each register, and to access each field in the register. Once programming is complete, the translator is run as part of the make process, which ensures that whenever an interface is changed, all of the code that uses the header files describing it is recompiled.

  20. The translational metaphor in psychoanalysis.

    PubMed

    Kirshner, Lewis

    2015-02-01

    The translational metaphor in psychoanalysis refers to the traditional method of interpreting or restating the meaning of verbal and behavioral acts of a patient in other, presumably more accurate terms that specify the forces and conflicts underlying symptoms. The analyst translates the clinical phenomenology to explain its true meaning and origin. This model of analytic process has been challenged from different vantage points by authors presenting alternative conceptions of therapeutic action. Although the temptation to find and make interpretations of clinical material is difficult to resist, behaving in this way places the analyst in the position of a teacher or diagnostician, seeking a specific etiology, which has not proven fruitful. Despite its historical appeal, I argue that the translational model is a misleading and anachronistic version of what actually occurs in psychoanalysis. I emphasize instead the capacity of analysis to promote the emergence of new forms of representation, or figuration, from the unconscious, using the work of Lacan, Laplanche, and Modell to exemplify this reformulation, and provide clinical illustrations of how it looks in practice. PMID:25220412

  1. Cross-cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Exercise-Induced Leg Pain Questionnaire for English- and Greek-Speaking Individuals.

    PubMed

    Korakakis, Vasileios; Malliaropoulos, Nikos; Baliotis, Konstantinos; Papadopoulou, Sofia; Padhiar, Nat; Nauck, Tanja; Lohrer, Heinz

    2015-06-01

    Study Design Clinical measurement. Objectives To translate the German version of the Exercise-Induced Leg Pain Questionnaire (EILP-G) to Greek and English and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Greek version. Background The EILP-G was developed to evaluate the severity of symptoms and sports ability in individuals with exercise-induced leg pain (EILP). Translation of the questionnaire to other languages will provide a standard outcome measure across populations. Methods The EILP-G questionnaire was cross-culturally adapted to Greek and English, according to established guidelines. The validity and reliability of the Greek version were assessed in 40 patients with EILP, 40 patients with other lower extremity injuries, 40 track-and-field athletes with no history of EILP, and 40 young adults without pathology. Participants completed the questionnaire at baseline and again after 7 to 10 days. Results The expert committee and the participants considered the questionnaire to have good face and content validity. Concurrent validity as assessed using the Schepsis score was almost perfect (rho = 0.947, P<.001). Dimensionality analysis revealed a 1-factor solution, explaining 83.8% of the total variance. Known group validity was demonstrated by significant differences between patients compared with the asymptomatic groups (P<.001). The Greek version exhibited excellent test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.995 for the EILP group) and internal consistency (Cronbach ? = .942 for the EILP group). Finally, no ceiling or floor effects were found, as none of the individuals with EILP scored the maximum or minimum possible values on the questionnaire. Conclusion The Greek version, adapted from the original EILP-G, is a valid and reliable questionnaire, and its psychometric properties are comparable with the original version. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2015;45(6):485-496. Epub 30 Apr 2015. doi:10.2519/jospt.2015.5428. PMID:25927499

  2. Psychometric properties of a prostate cancer radiation late toxicity questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George Rodrigues; Glenn Bauman; Michael Lock; David D'Souza; Jeff Mahon

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To construct a short prostate cancer radiation late toxicity (PCRT) questionnaire with health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) domains. METHODS: The PCRT was developed by item generation, questionnaire construction (n = 7 experts, n = 8 focus group patients), pilot testing (n = 37), item reduction (n = 100), reliability testing (n = 237), and validity testing (n = 274). RESULTS: Reliability

  3. Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

    2007-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

  4. Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmalz, Jonathan E.; Murrell, Amy R.

    2010-01-01

    To date, general levels of experiential avoidance are primarily measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), but it includes items of questionable comprehensibility. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), previously validated as a measure of experiential avoidance with children and adolescents, was…

  5. Validation of the Clinical COPD questionnaire in Italian language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salvatore Damato; Chiara Bonatti; Vinicio Frigo; Silvana Pappagallo; Rita Raccanelli; Claudio Rampoldi; Francesco Rodi

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The development and validation study of the Clinical Chronic Obstructive Disease (COPD) Questionnaire (CCQ) has recently been published in this journal. The CCQ is the first questionnaire that incorporates both clinician and patient guideline goals in the clinical control evaluation of patients with COPD in general clinical practice. The aim of this study is the validation of the CCQ

  6. Privacy Enhancement tool in Web-Based Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenji Fujimoto; Junji Nakazato; Hiroaki Kikuchi

    We have developed a toolkit which can preserve privacy of respondents in web-based questionnaire by adding a quick hack. This tool uses the protocol of electronic voting proposed by Cramer(1) for confidentiality of questionnaire contents and realizes am efficient communication by a conjunction of the JavaScript and the Java Applet.

  7. Development and Initial Validation of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenberg, Limor; Ratzon, Nava Z.; Jarus, Tal; Bart, Orit

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this manuscript was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ) a parent-reported questionnaire for measuring perceived environmental restrictions for young children participation. Reliability and homogeneity were tested by Cronbach's alpha and inter-item correlations.…

  8. High Pressure Research Questionnaire National High Magnetic Field Laboratory

    E-print Network

    Weston, Ken

    pressure data for this sample or a similar system. These items and the samples should be sent to Stan Tozer, is email, phone, or FAX preferred? #12;High Pressure Questionnaire Contact Dr. Stan Tozer tozer. #12;High Pressure Questionnaire Contact Dr. Stan Tozer tozer@magnet.fsu.edu, (850) 644-33460 for more

  9. Current indications for renal biopsy: A questionnaire-based survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giorgio Fuiano; Giuseppe Mazza; Nicola Comi; Alfredo Caglioti; Luca De Nicola; Carmela Iodice; Michele Andreucci; Vittorio E. Andreucci

    2000-01-01

    Indications for renal biopsy are still ill defined. We recently sent a detailed questionnaire to 360 nephrologists in different areas of the world with the aim of providing information on this critical issue by evaluating the replies. The questionnaire was organized in four sections that included questions on renal biopsy indications in patients with normal renal function, renal insufficiency, and

  10. The Effect of Questionnaire Cover Design in Mail Surveys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Gendall

    It has been suggested that the response rate for a self administered questionnaire will be enhanced if the cover of the questionnaire contains a picture, and, furthermore, that the more distinctive and complex the cover design created, the stronger this effect is likely to be. This paper reports the results of a study designed to test these hypotheses by comparing

  11. Microsoft Word - Fishbein-Ajzen-Hanson_Questionnaire.doc

    Cancer.gov

    FISHBEIN/AJZEN-HANSON QUESTIONNAIRE In this questionnaire, we ask questions that make use of rating scales with seven places. You are to make a mark (X) in the space that best describes your activity or your opinion. FOR EXAMPLE: If you were asked

  12. ECRHS Screening Questionnaire Scoring: A Methodological Suggestion for Asthma Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biino, G.; Rezzani, C.; Grassi, M.; Marinoni, A.

    2001-01-01

    Investigated the unidimensionality of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) screening questionnaire and determined and validated a scoring of asthma-like symptoms seriousness. Data from 6,946 adults at 3 Italian screening centers found a single dimension underlying the screening questionnaire. A scoring of asthma-like symptoms…

  13. The Otitis Media-6 questionnaire: psychometric properties with emphasis on factor structure and interpretability

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The Otitis Media-6 questionnaire (OM-6) is the most frequently used instrument to measure health related quality of life in children with otitis media. The main objectives of this study are 1) to translate and cross-culturally adapt the OM-6 into Danish, and 2) to assess important psychometric properties including structural validity and interpretability of the OM-6 in a Danish population of children suffering from otitis media. Methods The OM-6 was translated and cross-culturally adapted according to international guidelines. A longitudinal validation study enrolled 491 children and their families, and the measurement properties of the OM-6 were evaluated using the Cosmin taxonomy. The properties assessed were construct and structural validity (confirmatory factor analysis) including internal consistency, reproducibility (test-retest reliability and smallest detectable change), responsiveness and interpretability. Results A total of 435 children were eligible to participate in the study. Analyses of structural validity and internal consistency indicated that parent appraisal of hearing and speech problems may be problematic. Both scales showed similarly good test-retest reliability and construct validity, were able to discriminate between diagnostic subgroups and responsive to change. Cut-off values of 16.7 and 30.0 were found to represent minimal important change for the patients. Conclusions The Danish version of the OM-6 is a reliable, valid, responsive and interpretable questionnaire to measure quality of life in children with otitis media. This study sheds light on possible weaknesses of the instrument that needs to be acknowledged in the utilization of the instrument. However, despite these issues our results support the continuing use of OM-6 as a 1-factor functional health scale with a separate global health rating. Furthermore, indications of values representing minimal important change as perceived by the respondent are presented. PMID:24257471

  14. Psychometric properties of the Persian version of Social Capital Questionnaire in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Yari, Arezoo; Nadrian, Haidar; Rashidian, Hamideh; Nedjat, Saharnaz; Esmaeilnasab, Nader; Doroudi, Rajabali; Hoursan, Haydeh

    2014-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of Social Capital Questionnaire ( SCQ) developed by Onyx and Bullen (2000) among a sample of medical science students in Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran and to compare the factor analysis with findings from two previous studies in Australia and the United States. Methods: Multistage cluster sampling was employed to recruit 293 medical science students (Male: 95/Female: 198) from 7 faculties in Tehran University of Medical Sciences. After translating SCQ into Persian applying back-translation technique and three-stage consensus panel, the questionnaires administered to the respondents and they were asked to complete them. Statistical Analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.0 for Windows. Results: Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was conducted to evaluate factor structure of the Persian SCQ (PSCQ),which showed a moderate replicability, validity, and reliability (Cronbach alpha= .79) to those found in previous studies. Twelve factors extracted with eight values greater than 1 which altogether accounted for 76.23% of the total variance. Applying Cattell's scree test, it was indicated that between seven and eight factor sextracted. The correlations between factors were detected in the low (at the lowest 0.002) to modest (at the highest 0.614) range. Conclusion: The differences found in the factor analysis between the studies may be ascribed to the various types of populations studied. Despite the difference in populations studied, our findings support the meaningful nessof P-SCQ as an instrument that is worthy of further attention for use in social health researches, although more studies are recommended to help researchers in comparing its variety in dimensions of different communities. PMID:25250262

  15. The Caregiver Burden Questionnaire for Heart Failure (CBQ-HF): face and content validity

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background A new caregiver burden questionnaire for heart failure (CBQ-HF v1.0) was developed based on previously conducted qualitative interviews with HF caregivers and with input from HF clinical experts. Version 1.0 of the CBQ-HF included 41 items measuring the burden associated with caregiving in the following domains: physical, emotional/psychological, social, and impact on caregiver’s life. Following initial development, the next stage was to evaluate caregivers’ understanding of the questionnaire items and their conceptual relevance. Methods To evaluate the face and content validity of the new questionnaire, cognitive interviews were conducted with caregivers of heart failure patients. The cognitive interviews included a “think aloud” exercise as the patient completed the CBQ-HF, followed by more specific probing questions to better understand caregivers’ understanding, interpretation and the relevance of the instructions, items, response scales and recall period. Results Eighteen caregivers of heart failure patients were recruited. The mean age of the caregivers was 50 years (SD?=?10.2). Eighty-three percent of caregivers were female and most commonly the patient was either a spouse (44%) or a parent (28%). Among the patients 55% were NYHA Class 2 and 45% were NYHA Class 3 or 4. The caregiver cognitive interviews demonstrated that the CBQ-HF was well understood, relevant and consistently interpreted. From the initial 41 item questionnaire, fifteen items were deleted due to conceptual overlap and/or item redundancy. The final 26-item CBQ-HF (v3.0) uses a 5-point Likert severity scale, assessing 4 domains of physical, emotional/psychological, social and lifestyle burdens using a 4-week recall period. Conclusions The CBQ-HF (v3.0) is a comprehensive and relevant measure of subjective caregiver burden with strong content validity. This study has established that the CBQ-HF (v3.0) has strong face and content validity and should be valuable as an outcomes measure to help understand and monitor the relationship between patient heart failure severity and caregiver burden. A Translatability AssessmentSM of the measure has since been performed confirming the cultural appropriateness of the measure and psychometric validation is planned for the future to further explore the reliability, and validity of the new questionnaire in a larger caregiver sample. PMID:23706131

  16. Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Edwards, Phil; Roberts, Ian; Clarke, Mike; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Pratap, Sarah; Wentz, Reinhard; Kwan, Irene

    2002-01-01

    Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258?315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires. Main outcome measure The proportion of completed or partially completed questionnaires returned. Results The odds of response were more than doubled when a monetary incentive was used (odds ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.79 to 2.27) and almost doubled when incentives were not conditional on response (1.71; 1.29 to 2.26). Response was more likely when short questionnaires were used (1.86; 1.55 to 2.24). Personalised questionnaires and letters increased response (1.16; 1.06 to 1.28), as did the use of coloured ink (1.39; 1.16 to 1.67). The odds of response were more than doubled when the questionnaires were sent by recorded delivery (2.21; 1.51 to 3.25) and increased when stamped return envelopes were used (1.26; 1.13 to 1.41) and questionnaires were sent by first class post (1.12; 1.02 to 1.23). Contacting participants before sending questionnaires increased response (1.54; 1.24 to 1.92), as did follow up contact (1.44; 1.22 to 1.70) and providing non-respondents with a second copy of the questionnaire (1.41; 1.02 to 1.94). Questionnaires designed to be of more interest to participants were more likely to be returned (2.44; 1.99 to 3.01), but questionnaires containing questions of a sensitive nature were less likely to be returned (0.92; 0.87 to 0.98). Questionnaires originating from universities were more likely to be returned than were questionnaires from other sources, such as commercial organisations (1.31; 1.11 to 1.54). Conclusions Health researchers using postal questionnaires can improve the quality of their research by using the strategies shown to be effective in this systematic review. What is already known on this topicPostal questionnaires are widely used in the collection of data in epidemiological studies and health researchNon-response to postal questionnaires reduces the effective sample size and can introduce biasWhat this study addsThis systematic review includes more randomised controlled trials than any previously published review or meta-analysis no questionnaire responseThe review has identified effective ways to increase response to postal questionnairesThe review will be updated regularly in the Cochrane Library PMID:12016181

  17. Adaptation and validation of the Spanish version of the Clinical Impairment Assessment Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Martín, Josune; Padierna, Angel; Unzurrunzaga, Anette; González, Nerea; Berjano, Belén; Quintana, José M

    2015-08-01

    The Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) assesses psychosocial impairment secondary to an eating disorder. The aim of this study was to create and validate a Spanish-language version of the CIA. Using a forward-backward translation methodology, we translated the CIA into Spanish and evaluated its psychometric characteristics in a clinical sample of 178 ED patients. Cronbach's alpha values, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and correlations between the CIA and the Eating Attitudes Test-12 and the Health-Related Quality of Life in ED-short form questionnaires evaluated the reliability, construct validity, and convergent validity, respectively. Known-groups validity was also studied comparing the CIA according to different groups; responsiveness was assessed by means of effect sizes. Data revealed a three-factor structure similar to that of the original CIA. Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.91 for the total CIA score supported its internal consistency and correlations with other instruments demonstrated convergent validity. The total CIA score and factor scores also significantly discriminated between employment status, evidencing known-groups validity. Responsiveness parameters showed moderate changes for patients with restrictive eating disorders. These findings suggest that the CIA can be reliably and validly used in Spain in a number of different clinical contexts, by researchers and clinicians alike. PMID:25839732

  18. Reliability and construct validity of the Malay version of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ).

    PubMed

    Edimansyah, B A; Rusli, B N; Naing, L; Mazalisah, M

    2006-03-01

    The JCQ has been shown to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess job stress in many occupational settings worldwide. In Malaysia, both the English and validated Malay versions have been employed in studies of medical professionals and laboratory technicians, respectively. The present study assessed the reliability and construct validity of the Malay version of the JCQ among automotive workers in Malaysia. Fifty workers of a major automotive manufacturer in Kota Bharu, Kelantan consented to participate in the study and were administered the Malay version of the JCQ. Translation (English-Malay) and back translation (Malay-English) of the JCQ was made to ensure the face validity of the questionnaire. Reliability was determined using Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency, whilst construct validity was assessed using exploratory factor analysis (principal component with varimax rotation). The results indicate that the Cronbach's alpha coefficients were acceptable for decision latitude (job control or decision authority) (0.74) and social support (0.79); however, it was slightly lower for psychological job demand (0.61). Exploratory factor analysis showed 3 meaningful common factors that could explain the 3 theoretical dimensions or constructs of Karasek's demand-control-social support model. In conclusion, the results of the validation study suggested that the JCQ scales are reliable and valid for assessing job stress in a population working in the automotive industry. Further analyses are necessary to evaluate the stability and concurrent validity of the JCQ. PMID:17125008

  19. Depression in Aboriginal men in central Australia: adaptation of the Patient Health Questionnaire 9

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background While Indigenous Australians are believed to be at a high risk of psychological illness, few screening instruments have been designed to accurately measure this burden. Rather than simply transposing western labels of symptoms, this paper describes the process by which a screening tool for depression was specifically adapted for use across multiple Indigenous Australian communities. Method Potential depression screening instruments were identified and interrogated according to a set of pre-defined criteria. A structured process was then developed which relied on the expertise of five focus groups comprising of members from primary Indigenous language groups in central Australia. First, focus group participants were asked to review and select a screening measure for adaptation. Bi-lingual experts then translated and back translated the language within the selected measure. Focus group participants re-visited the difficult items, explored their meaning and identified potential ways to achieve equivalence of meaning. Results All five focus groups independently selected the Primary Health Questionnaire 9, several key conceptual differences were exposed, largely related to the construction of hopelessness. Together with translated versions of each instrument for each of the five languages, a single, simplified English version for use across heterogeneous settings was negotiated. Importantly, the ‘code’ and specific conceptually equivalent words that could be used for other Indigenous language groups were also developed. Conclusions The extensive process of adaptation used in this study has demonstrated that within the context of Indigenous Australian communities, across multiple language groups, where English is often a third or fourth language, conceptual and linguistic equivalence of psychological constructs can be negotiated. A validation study is now required to assess the adapted instrument’s potential for measuring the burden of disease across all Indigenous Australian populations. PMID:24139186

  20. Contextualization and standardization of the supportive leadership behavior questionnaire based on socio- cognitive theory in Iran

    PubMed Central

    Shirazi, Mandana; Emami, Amir Hosein; Mirmoosavi, ,Seyed Jamal; Alavinia, Seyed Mohammad; Zamanian, Hadi; Fathollahbeigi, Faezeh; Masiello, Italo

    2014-01-01

    Background: Effective leadership is of prime importance in any organization and it goes through changes based on accepted health promotion and behavior change theory. Although there are many leadership styles, transformational leadership, which emphasizes supportive leadership behaviors, seems to be an appropriate style in many settings particularly in the health care and educational sectors which are pressured by high turnover and safety demands. Iran has been moving rapidly forward and its authorities have understood and recognized the importance of matching leadership styles with effective and competent care for success in health care organizations. This study aimed to develop the Supportive Leadership Behaviors Scale based on accepted health and educational theories and to psychometrically test it in the Iranian context. Methods: The instrument was based on items from established questionnaires. A pilot study validated the instrument which was also cross-validated via re-translation. After validation, 731 participants answered the questionnaire. Results: The instrument was finalized and resulted in a 20-item questionnaire using the exploratory factor analysis, which yielded four factors of support for development, integrity, sincerity and recognition and explaining the supportive leadership behaviors (all above 0.6). Mapping these four measures of leadership behaviors can be beneficial to determine whether effective leadership could support innovation and improvements in medical education and health care organizations on the national level. The reliability measured as Cronbach’s alpha was 0.84. Conclusion: This new instrument yielded four factors of support for development, integrity, sincerity and recognition and explaining the supportive leadership behaviors which are applicable in health and educational settings and are helpful in improving self –efficacy among health and academic staff. PMID:25679004

  1. Translational models of lung disease.

    PubMed

    Mercer, Paul F; Abbott-Banner, Katharine; Adcock, Ian M; Knowles, Richard G

    2015-02-01

    The 2nd Cross Company Respiratory Symposium (CCRS), held in Horsham, U.K. in 2012, brought together representatives from across the pharmaceutical industry with expert academics, in the common interest of improving the design and translational predictiveness of in vivo models of respiratory disease. Organized by the respiratory representatives of the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Federations (EFPIA) group of companies involved in the EU-funded project (U-BIOPRED), the aim of the symposium was to identify state-of-the-art improvements in the utility and design of models of respiratory disease, with a view to improving their translational potential and reducing wasteful animal usage. The respiratory research and development community is responding to the challenge of improving translation in several ways: greater collaboration and open sharing of data, careful selection of the species, complexity and chronicity of the models, improved practices in preclinical research, continued refinement in models of respiratory diseases and their sub-types, greater understanding of the biology underlying human respiratory diseases and their sub-types, and finally greater use of human (and especially disease-relevant) cells, tissues and explants. The present review highlights these initiatives, combining lessons from the symposium and papers published in Clinical Science arising from the symposium, with critiques of the models currently used in the settings of asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and COPD. The ultimate hope is that this will contribute to a more rational, efficient and sustainable development of a range of new treatments for respiratory diseases that continue to cause substantial morbidity and mortality across the world. PMID:25328010

  2. Methodological considerations when translating "burnout"

    PubMed

    Squires, Allison; Finlayson, Catherine; Gerchow, Lauren; Cimiotti, Jeannie P; Matthews, Anne; Schwendimann, Rene; Griffiths, Peter; Busse, Reinhard; Heinen, Maude; Brzostek, Tomasz; Moreno-Casbas, Maria Teresa; Aiken, Linda H; Sermeus, Walter

    2014-09-01

    No study has systematically examined how researchers address cross-cultural adaptation of burnout. We conducted an integrative review to examine how researchers had adapted the instruments to the different contexts. We reviewed the Content Validity Indexing scores for the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey from the 12-country comparative nursing workforce study, RN4CAST. In the integrative review, multiple issues related to translation were found in existing studies. In the cross-cultural instrument analysis, 7 out of 22 items on the instrument received an extremely low kappa score. Investigators may need to employ more rigorous cross-cultural adaptation methods when attempting to measure burnout. PMID:25343131

  3. Translational spectroscopy of HNCO photodissociation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spiglanin, Thomas A.; Chandler, David W.

    1987-11-01

    The kinetic energy released in the photodissociation of HNCO is measured by photofragment translational spectroscopy. In this study, CO is ionized by laser ionization immediately following its ejection from HNCO. The time for the CO ions to travel the length of our spectrometer is then measured, and the kinetic energy released by the photodissociation is calculated. Changing the wavelength of the laser that ionizes the CO changes the selected internal energy and the expected change in the kinetic energy release is observed. These data confirm that the threshold for NH (a 1?) production is the dissociation energy.

  4. Translational research on Barrett's esophagus.

    PubMed

    Baruah, Anushka; Buttar, Navtej; Chandra, Raghav; Chen, Xiaoxin; Clemons, Nicholas J; Compare, Debora; El-Rifai, Wael; Gu, Jian; Houchen, Courtney W; Koh, Shze Yung; Li, Wenbo; Nardone, Gerardo; Phillips, Wayne A; Sharma, Anamay; Singh, Ishtpreet; Upton, Melissa P; Vega, Kenneth J; Wu, Xifeng

    2014-09-01

    The following, from the 12th OESO World Conference: Cancers of the Esophagus, includes commentaries on translational research on Barrett's esophagus that address evidence for genetic instability in esophageal cancer; the role of microsatellite instability; the use of histologic and serum Doublecortin-like kinase 1 expression for progression of Barrett's esophagus to adenocarcinoma; the oxidative stress in Barrett's tumorigenesis; the genomic alterations in esophageal cancer; in vivo modeling in Barrett's esophagus; epigenetic and transcriptional regulation in Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma; and normal and disordered regeneration in Barrett's esophagus. PMID:25266024

  5. Tumor biobanks in translational medicine.

    PubMed

    Botti, Gerardo; Franco, Renato; Cantile, Monica; Ciliberto, Gennaro; Ascierto, Paolo Antonio

    2012-01-01

    The concept of tissue banking as a "bio-repository" aimed to collection, storing and distribution of human biological material and clinical information, is emerging as a successful strategy to support clinical and translational research. In particular, Tumor Biobanks represent a key resource for diagnosis, research and experimental therapies, especially for those correlated to clinical application of a new type of medicine known as "intelligent drugs". Biobanks are not "spontaneous" collections, but they needs an institutional organization, basically a research unit, whose effectiveness and quality can be guaranteed only if it is carefully organized according to precise and shared rules. PMID:23031272

  6. Translational Research from an Informatics Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bernstam, Elmer; Meric-Bernstam, Funda; Johnson-Throop, Kathy A.; Turley, James P.; Smith, Jack W.

    2007-01-01

    Clinical and translational research (CTR) is an essential part of a sustainable global health system. Informatics is now recognized as an important en-abler of CTR and informaticians are increasingly called upon to help CTR efforts. The US National Institutes of Health mandated biomedical informatics activity as part of its new national CTR grant initiative, the Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA). Traditionally, translational re-search was defined as the translation of laboratory discoveries to patient care (bench to bedside). We argue, however, that there are many other kinds of translational research. Indeed, translational re-search requires the translation of knowledge dis-covered in one domain to another domain and is therefore an information-based activity. In this panel, we will expand upon this view of translational research and present three different examples of translation to illustrate the point: 1) bench to bedside, 2) Earth to space and 3) academia to community. We will conclude with a discussion of our local translational research efforts that draw on each of the three examples.

  7. Family burden in inherited ichthyosis: creation of a specific questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The concept of individual burden, associated with disease, has been introduced recently to determine the “disability” caused by the pathology in the broadest sense of the word (psychological, social, economic, physical). Inherited ichthyosis belong to a large heterogeneous group of Mendelian Disorders of Cornification. Skin symptoms have a major impact on patients’ Quality of Life but little is known about the burden of the disease on the families of patients. Objectives To develop and validate a specific burden questionnaire for the families of patients affected by ichthyosis. Methods Two steps were required. First, the creation of the questionnaire which followed a strict methodological process involving a multidisciplinary team and families. Secondarily, the validation of the questionnaire, including the assessment of its reliability, external validity, reproducibility and sensitivity, was carried out on a population of patients affected by autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis. A population of parents of patients affected by ichthyosis was enrolled to answer the new questionnaire in association with the Short Form Q12 questionnaire (SF-12) and a clinical severity score was filled for each patient. Results Ninety four families were interviewed to construct the verbatim in order to create the questionnaire and a cognitive debriefing was realized. The concept of burden could be structured around five components: “economic”, “daily life”, “familial and personal relationship”, “work”, and “psychological impact”. As a result, “Family Burden Ichthyosis” (FBI) reproducible questionnaire of 25 items was created. Forty two questionnaires were analyzable for psychometric validation. Reliability (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient?=?0.89), reflected the good homogeneity of the questionnaire. The correlation between mental dimensions of the SF-12 and the FBI questionnaire was statistically significant which confirmed the external validity. The mean FBI score was 71.7?±?18.8 and a significant difference in the FBI score was shown between two groups of severity underlining a good sensitivity of the questionnaire. Conclusions The internal and external validity of the “FBI” questionnaire was confirmed and it is correlated to the severity of ichtyosis. Ichthyoses, and other chronic pathologies, are difficult to assess by clinical or Quality of Life aspects alone as their impact can be multidimensional. “FBI” takes them all into consideration in order to explain every angle of the handicap generated. PMID:23414570

  8. Translation initiation mediated by RNA looping

    PubMed Central

    Paek, Ki Young; Hong, Ka Young; Ryu, Incheol; Park, Sung Mi; Keum, Sun Ju; Kwon, Oh Sung; Jang, Sung Key

    2015-01-01

    Eukaryotic translation initiation commences at the initiation codon near the 5? end of mRNA by a 40S ribosomal subunit, and the recruitment of a 40S ribosome to an mRNA is facilitated by translation initiation factors interacting with the m7G cap and/or poly(A) tail. The 40S ribosome recruited to an mRNA is then transferred to the AUG initiation codon with the help of translation initiation factors. To understand the mechanism by which the ribosome finds an initiation codon, we investigated the role of eIF4G in finding the translational initiation codon. An artificial polypeptide eIF4G fused with MS2 was localized downstream of the reporter gene through MS2-binding sites inserted in the 3? UTR of the mRNA. Translation of the reporter was greatly enhanced by the eIF4G-MS2 fusion protein regardless of the presence of a cap structure. Moreover, eIF4G-MS2 tethered at the 3? UTR enhanced translation of the second cistron of a dicistronic mRNA. The encephalomyocarditis virus internal ribosome entry site, a natural translational-enhancing element facilitating translation through an interaction with eIF4G, positioned downstream of a reporter gene, also enhanced translation of the upstream gene in a cap-independent manner. Finally, we mathematically modeled the effect of distance between the cap structure and initiation codon on the translation efficiency of mRNAs. The most plausible explanation for translational enhancement by the translational-enhancing sites is recognition of the initiation codon by the ribosome bound to the ribosome-recruiting sites through “RNA looping.” The RNA looping hypothesis provides a logical explanation for augmentation of translation by enhancing elements located upstream and/or downstream of a protein-coding region. PMID:25583496

  9. Clinical and translational research capacity building needs in minority medical and health science Hispanic institutions.

    PubMed

    Estapé-Garrastazu, Estela S; Noboa-Ramos, Carlamarie; De Jesús-Ojeda, Lizbelle; De Pedro-Serbiá, Zulmarie; Acosta-Pérez, Edna; Camacho-Feliciano, Delia M

    2014-10-01

    A preliminary needs assessment was conducted among faculty and students of three minority medical and health science institutions comprising the Puerto Rico Clinical and Translational Research Consortium (PRCTRC). The Web-based survey was focused on evaluating the training interests in the clinical and translational research core areas and competencies developed by the National Institutes of Health-Clinical and Translational Sciences Award. The survey was the result of a team effort of three PRCTRC key function's leaderships: Multidisciplinary Training and Career Development, Tracking and Evaluation and Community Research and Engagement. The questionnaire included 45 items distributed across five content areas including demographics, research training needs, training activities coordination and knowledge about the services offered by the PRCTRC. Analysis of research needs includes a sample distribution according to professor, assistant/associate professor and graduate students. The thematic area with highest response rate among the three groups was: "Identify major clinical/public health problems and relevant translational research questions," with the competency "Identify basic and preclinical studies that are potential testable clinical research hypothesis." These preliminary results will guide the training and professional development of the new generation of clinical and translational researchers needed to eliminate health disparities. PMID:24841800

  10. Energy flows, metabolism and translation.

    PubMed

    Pascal, Robert; Boiteau, Laurent

    2011-10-27

    Thermodynamics provides an essential approach to understanding how living organisms survive in an organized state despite the second law. Exchanges with the environment constantly produce large amounts of entropy compensating for their own organized state. In addition to this constraint on self-organization, the free energy delivered to the system, in terms of potential, is essential to understand how a complex chemistry based on carbon has emerged. Accordingly, the amount of free energy brought about through discrete events must reach the strength needed to induce chemical changes in which covalent bonds are reorganized. The consequence of this constraint was scrutinized in relation to both the development of a carbon metabolism and that of translation. Amino acyl adenylates involved as aminoacylation intermediates of the latter process reach one of the higher free energy levels found in biochemistry, which may be informative on the range in which energy was exchanged in essential early biochemical processes. The consistency of this range with the amount of energy needed to weaken covalent bonds involving carbon may not be accidental but the consequence of the above mentioned thermodynamic constraints. This could be useful in building scenarios for the emergence and early development of translation. PMID:21930587

  11. Energy flows, metabolism and translation

    PubMed Central

    Pascal, Robert; Boiteau, Laurent

    2011-01-01

    Thermodynamics provides an essential approach to understanding how living organisms survive in an organized state despite the second law. Exchanges with the environment constantly produce large amounts of entropy compensating for their own organized state. In addition to this constraint on self-organization, the free energy delivered to the system, in terms of potential, is essential to understand how a complex chemistry based on carbon has emerged. Accordingly, the amount of free energy brought about through discrete events must reach the strength needed to induce chemical changes in which covalent bonds are reorganized. The consequence of this constraint was scrutinized in relation to both the development of a carbon metabolism and that of translation. Amino acyl adenylates involved as aminoacylation intermediates of the latter process reach one of the higher free energy levels found in biochemistry, which may be informative on the range in which energy was exchanged in essential early biochemical processes. The consistency of this range with the amount of energy needed to weaken covalent bonds involving carbon may not be accidental but the consequence of the abovementioned thermodynamic constraints. This could be useful in building scenarios for the emergence and early development of translation. PMID:21930587

  12. Mechanism of Cytoplasmic mRNA Translation

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Protein synthesis is a fundamental process in gene expression that depends upon the abundance and accessibility of the mRNA transcript as well as the activity of many protein and RNA-protein complexes. Here we focus on the intricate mechanics of mRNA translation in the cytoplasm of higher plants. This chapter includes an inventory of the plant translational apparatus and a detailed review of the translational processes of initiation, elongation, and termination. The majority of mechanistic studies of cytoplasmic translation have been carried out in yeast and mammalian systems. The factors and mechanisms of translation are for the most part conserved across eukaryotes; however, some distinctions are known to exist in plants. A comprehensive understanding of the complex translational apparatus and its regulation in plants is warranted, as the modulation of protein production is critical to development, environmental plasticity and biomass yield in diverse ecosystems and agricultural settings. PMID:26019692

  13. Max Margin Learning for Statistical Machine Translation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayashi, Katsuhiko; Watanabe, Taro; Tsukada, Hajime; Isozaki, Hideki; Yamamoto, Seiichi

    Minimum error rate training (MERT) has been a widely used learning method for statistical machine translation to estimate the feature function weights of a linear model. MERT has an advantage to incorpolate an automatic translation evaluation metrics as BLEU scores to its objective function. Weight vector can directly be optimized with Line search algorithm using error surface on a given set of candidate translations. It efficiently searches the best parameter resulting the highest BLEU scores. In this paper, we presented a new training algorithm for statisitcal machine translation, inspired by MERT and Structural Support Vector Machines. We performed MERT optimization by maximizing the margin between the oracle and incorrect translations under the L2-norm prior. Our experimental results on Japanese-English speech translation task showed that BLEU scores obtained by our proposed method were much better than those obtained by MERT. We achieved the best improvement of BLEU about +3.0 over standard MERT.

  14. LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    LATEX ALLERGY SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE Name:________________________ Job title:__________________ Work location:__________________ Are you aware of having an allergy to latex? YES NO If yes, please, Wheezing or Allergy like symptoms: Apples / Apricot / Avacado / Bananas / Carrots / Celery / Cherries

  15. The Craniofacial Pain, Headache and Sleep Center Headache Questionnaire

    E-print Network

    Dennett, Daniel

    1 The Craniofacial Pain, Headache and Sleep Center Headache Questionnaire Patient Name: ____________________________________________________ Date: ___________________ Age of onset of headache: Circumstances around the onset of headache: Recent change in headache: Present Frequency of headaches: (per month) Past frequency of headaches: Prodromes

  16. Taxometric analysis of the questionnaire of experiences of dissociation

    E-print Network

    Green, Bradley A

    1999-01-01

    a dissociative disorder. The Questionnaire of Experiences of Dissociation (QED; Riley, 1988) and the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES; Bernstein & Putnam, 1986) were used to measure dissociative experiences. Further analyses were conducted...

  17. Institute for Advanced Study Nursery/School Age Children Questionnaire

    E-print Network

    to completing this questionnaire. Personal Information Name _____ Mathematics _____ Natural Sciences _____ Social Science _____ Interdisciplinary Studies _____ Director School and Infant Center is located on the Institute's campus and offers full-time care for children

  18. Validation of a Youth\\/Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helaine R. H. Rockett; Melanie Breitenbach; A. Lindsay Frazier; Jelia Witschi; Anne M. Wolf; Alison E. Field; Graham A. Colditz

    1997-01-01

    Background.To address limited longitudinal nutrition data on children and adolescents, a self-administered food frequency questionnaire was designed for older children and adolescents. Initially, the Youth\\/Adolescent Questionnaire (YAQ) was developed and demonstrated to be reproducible. This study was conducted to evaluate its validity.Methods.The form was administered twice to a sample of 261 youths (ages 9 to 18) at an approximate interval

  19. Comparison of questionnaire information and pharmacy data on drug use

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Piet A. Van den Brandt; Hans Petri; Elisabeth Dorant; R. Alexandra Goldbohm; Sacha Van de Crommert

    1991-01-01

    Information on chronic drug use at any time in the past was collected with a self-administered questionnaire as part of a prospective cohort study on diet, other life-style factors and cancer among subjects aged 55–69 years. The validity of the questionnaire information on drug use was evaluated among 207 subjects by comparing it to pharmacy records of dispensed drugs. The

  20. Intelligent Case Based Machine Translation System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wang Jiande; Chen Zhaoxiong; Huang Heyan

    2001-01-01

    Interactive Hybrid Strategies Machine Translation (IHSMT) system has just been designed to solve the translation problems.\\u000a It forms a nice interdependent cooperation relation between human and machine by interaction. The system achieves hybrid strategy\\u000a translation by synthesizing the rule-based reasoning and case-based reasoning, and therefore overcomes the demerits of single\\u000a strategy. This paper has done some work on learning mechanism

  1. Query Translation in Heterogeneous Database Environments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edgar Jasper

    2001-01-01

    Aims and Background 11.1 General Background 11.2 Specific Background 11.3 Aims of the Project 22. Specification 32.1 Input to the Query Translation Tool 32.2 General Issues 62.3 Output from the Query Translat ion Tool 73. Design 83.1 Design of lexer and parser 83.2 The Structure of the Abstract Syntax Tree 83.3 Query Translation 103.4 Query Simplification 114. Implementation 144.1 Research

  2. Enabling international adoption of LOINC through translation

    PubMed Central

    Vreeman, Daniel J.; Chiaravalloti, Maria Teresa; Hook, John; McDonald, Clement J.

    2012-01-01

    Interoperable health information exchange depends on adoption of terminology standards, but international use of such standards can be challenging because of language differences between local concept names and the standard terminology. To address this important barrier, we describe the evolution of an efficient process for constructing translations of LOINC terms names, the foreign language functions in RELMA, and the current state of translations in LOINC. We also present the development of the Italian translation to illustrate how translation is enabling adoption in international contexts. We built a tool that finds the unique list of LOINC Parts that make up a given set of LOINC terms. This list enables translation of smaller pieces like the core component “hepatitis c virus” separately from all the suffixes that could appear with it, such “Ab.IgG”, “DNA”, and “RNA”. We built another tool that generates a translation of a full LOINC name from all of these atomic pieces. As of version 2.36 (June 2011), LOINC terms have been translated into 9 languages from 15 linguistic variants other than its native English. The five largest linguistic variants have all used the Part-based translation mechanism. However, even with efficient tools and processes, translation of standard terminology is a complex undertaking. Two of the prominent linguistic challenges that translators have faced include: the approach to handling acronyms and abbreviations, and the differences in linguistic syntax (e.g. word order) between languages. LOINC’s open and customizable approach has enabled many different groups to create translations that met their needs and matched their resources. Distributing the standard and its many language translations at no cost worldwide accelerates LOINC adoption globally, and is an important enabler of interoperable health information exchange PMID:22285984

  3. Termight: Identifying and Translating Technical Terminology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ido Dagan; Kenneth Ward Church

    1994-01-01

    We propose a semi-automatic tool, ter- might, that helps professional translators and terminologists identify technical terms and their translations. The tool makes use of part-of-speech tagging and word- alignment programs to extract candidate terms and their translations. Although the extraction programs are far from perfect, it isn't too hard for the user to filter out the wheat from the chaff.

  4. The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation into Italian and Assessment of Its Measurement Properties.

    PubMed

    Chiarotto, Alessandro; Vanti, Carla; Ostelo, Raymond W; Ferrari, Silvano; Tedesco, Giuseppe; Rocca, Barbara; Pillastrini, Paolo; Monticone, Marco

    2014-09-27

    The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a patient self-reported measurement instrument that evaluates pain self-efficacy beliefs in patients with chronic pain. The measurement properties of the PSEQ have been tested in its original and translated versions, showing satisfactory results for validity and reliability. The aims of this study were 2 fold as follows: (1) to translate the PSEQ into Italian through a process of cross-cultural adaptation, (2) to test the measurement properties of the Italian PSEQ (PSEQ-I). The cross-cultural adaptation was completed in 5 months without omitting any item of the original PSEQ. Measurement properties were tested in 165 patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) (65% women, mean age 49.9 years). Factor analysis confirmed the one-factor structure of the questionnaire. Internal consistency (Cronbach's ? = 0.94) and test-retest reliability (ICCagreement  = 0.82) of the PSEQ-I showed good results. The smallest detectable change was equal to 15.69 scale points. The PSEQ-I displayed a high construct validity by meeting more than 75% of a priori hypotheses on correlations with measurement instruments assessing pain intensity, disability, anxiety, depression, pain catastrophizing, fear of movement, and coping strategies. Additionally, the PSEQ-I differentiated patients taking pain medication or not. The results of this study suggest that the PSEQ-I can be used as a valid and reliable tool in Italian patients with CLBP. PMID:25264358

  5. Development and Validation of the Chinese Attitudes to Starting Insulin Questionnaire (Ch-ASIQ) for Primary Care Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Sau Nga; Chin, Weng Yee; Wong, Carlos King Ho; Yeung, Vincent Tok Fai; Yiu, Ming Pong; Tsui, Hoi Yee; Chan, Ka Hung

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Chinese questionnaire which assesses the barriers and enablers to commencing insulin in primary care patients with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes. Research Design and Method Questionnaire items were identified using literature review. Content validation was performed and items were further refined using an expert panel. Following translation, back translation and cognitive debriefing, the translated Chinese questionnaire was piloted on target patients. Exploratory factor analysis and item-scale correlations were performed to test the construct validity of the subscales and items. Internal reliability was tested by Cronbach’s alpha. Results Twenty-seven identified items underwent content validation, translation and cognitive debriefing. The translated questionnaire was piloted on 303 insulin naïve (never taken insulin) Type 2 diabetes patients recruited from 10 government-funded primary care clinics across Hong Kong. Sufficient variability in the dataset for factor analysis was confirmed by Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity (P<0.001). Using exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation, 10 factors were generated onto which 26 items loaded with loading scores > 0.4 and Eigenvalues >1. Total variance for the 10 factors was 66.22%. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure was 0.725. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the first four factors were ?0.6 identifying four sub-scales to which 13 items correlated. Remaining sub-scales and items with poor internal reliability were deleted. The final 13-item instrument had a four scale structure addressing: ‘Self-image and stigmatization’; ‘Factors promoting self-efficacy; ‘Fear of pain or needles’; and ‘Time and family support’. Conclusion The Chinese Attitudes to Starting Insulin Questionnaire (Ch-ASIQ) appears to be a reliable and valid measure for assessing barriers to starting insulin. This short instrument is easy to administer and may be used by healthcare providers and researchers as an assessment tool for Chinese diabetic primary care patients, including the elderly, who are unwilling to start insulin. PMID:24236071

  6. Quality Assessment of TPB-Based Questionnaires: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Oluka, Obiageli Crystal; Nie, Shaofa; Sun, Yi

    2014-01-01

    Objective This review is aimed at assessing the quality of questionnaires and their development process based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) change model. Methods A systematic literature search for studies with the primary aim of TPB-based questionnaire development was conducted in relevant databases between 2002 and 2012 using selected search terms. Ten of 1,034 screened abstracts met the inclusion criteria and were assessed for methodological quality using two different appraisal tools: one for the overall methodological quality of each study and the other developed for the appraisal of the questionnaire content and development process. Both appraisal tools consisted of items regarding the likelihood of bias in each study and were eventually combined to give the overall quality score for each included study. Results 8 of the 10 included studies showed low risk of bias in the overall quality assessment of each study, while 9 of the studies were of high quality based on the quality appraisal of questionnaire content and development process. Conclusion Quality appraisal of the questionnaires in the 10 reviewed studies was successfully conducted, highlighting the top problem areas (including: sample size estimation; inclusion of direct and indirect measures; and inclusion of questions on demographics) in the development of TPB-based questionnaires and the need for researchers to provide a more detailed account of their development process. PMID:24722323

  7. Measuring the psychosocial consequences of hearing loss in a working adult population: focus on validity and reliability of the Italian translation of the Hearing Handicap Inventory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Monzani; M. BoRGonzoni

    Summary Despite increasing demand for questionnaires for assessing hearing handicap and the effectiveness of some tools across different languages, empirical studies to evaluate the reliability and the validity of translations of original English question - naires into an Italian version have not been reported in the literature, thus making comparisons of Italian experimental and clinical data across cultures and countries

  8. Translational Research in Nicotine Dependence

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Jill R.; Gold, Allison; Schnoll, Robert; Blendy, Julie A.

    2013-01-01

    Nicotine addiction accounts for 4.9 million deaths each year. Furthermore, although smoking represents a significant health burden in the United States, at present there are only three FDA-approved pharmacotherapies currently on the market: (1) nicotine replacement therapy, (2) bupropion, and (3) varenicline. Despite this obvious gap in the market, the complexity of nicotine addiction in addition to the increasing cost of drug development makes targeted drug development prohibitive. Furthermore, using combinations of mouse and human studies, additional treatments could be developed from off-the-shelf, currently approved medication lists. This article reviews translational studies targeting manipulations of the cholinergic system as a viable therapeutic target for nicotine addiction. PMID:23335115

  9. Machine translation using recursive chain-link-type learning based on translation examples

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroshi Echizen-ya; Kenji Araki; Yoshio Momouchi; Koji Tochinai

    2004-01-01

    SUMMARY Rule-based machine translation analyzes source-lan- guage sentences using large-scale linguistic knowledge that is given by the developer beforehand. However, it is diffi- cult to give complete linguistic knowledge to the system ex ante because natural language has various linguistic phe- nomena. Therefore, we worked to develop learning-based machine translation. In learning-based machine translation, a system acquires translation rules automatically

  10. A Practical Guide for Translators (Third Revised Edition). Topics in Translation 13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuelsson-Brown, Geoffrey

    This third edition of a guide for translators contains more information than the second edition and looks at translation as a business as well as an occupation, focusing on marketing and quality control. It is designed for people with little or no practical experience with translation in a commercial environment. The 16 chapters examine these…

  11. A Few Ad Libs on Communicative and Semantic Translation, Translators, Interpreters, Their Teachers and Their Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viaggio, Sergio

    The communicative approach to translation seeks to bring a text to a new audience, to be assimilated in its new environment. The semantic approach views the text as a cultural artifact, borrowed from its original environment, to be displayed or studied. Translations are usually semantic, not communicative, because few translators are truly…

  12. Development and Preliminary Validation of Chinese Preschoolers’ Eating Behavior Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Yuhai; Wang, Baoxi; Sun, Lijun; Shang, Lei

    2014-01-01

    Background The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire for caregivers to assess the eating behavior of Chinese preschoolers. Methods To assess children’s eating behaviors, 152 items were derived from a broad review of the literature related to epidemiology surveys and the assessment of children’s eating behaviors. All of these items were reviewed by 50 caregivers of preschoolers and 10 experienced pediatricians. Seventy-seven items were selected for use in a primary questionnaire. After conducting an exploratory factor analysis and a variability analysis on the data from 313 preschoolers used to evaluate this primary questionnaire, we deleted 39 of these 77 items. A Chinese Preschoolers’ Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CPEBQ) was finally established from the remaining 38 items. The structure of this questionnaire was explored by factor analysis, and its reliability, validity and discriminative ability were evaluated with data collected from caregivers of 603 preschoolers. Results The CPEBQ consisted of 7 dimensions and 38 items. The 7 dimensions were food fussiness, food responsiveness, eating habit, satiety responsiveness, exogenous eating, emotional eating and initiative eating. The Cronbach’s ? coefficient for the questionnaire was 0.92, and the test-retest reliability was 0.72. There were significant differences between the scores of normal-weight, overweight and obese preschoolers when it was referred to food fussiness, food responsiveness, eating habits, satiety responsiveness and emotional eating (p<0.05). Differences in caregiver’s education levels also had significant effects on scores for food fussiness, eating habits and exogenous eating (p<0.05). Conclusions The CPEBQ satisfies the conditions of reliability and validity, in accordance with psychometric demands. The questionnaire can be employed to evaluate the characteristics of Chinese preschoolers’ eating behaviors; therefore, it can be used in child health care practice and research. PMID:24520359

  13. Questionnaire for the identification of back pain for epidemiological purposes.

    PubMed Central

    Agius, R M; Lloyd, M H; Campbell, S; Hutchison, P; Seaton, A; Soutar, C A

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To design a questionnaire for the identification and assessment of severity of back pain for epidemiological purposes, and gain preliminary experience of its use. METHODS--A group of specialists, experienced in the epidemiology and clinical assessment of back pain, designed the questionnaire, and tested it individually. It was also given cross sectionally by interview to a population of male coal mine workers. RESULTS--The questionnaire comprised a maximum of 12 questions on the presence, radiation, frequency, and severity of back pain with reference to difficulty with specific activities, interference with normal work, and absence from work. 471 coal miners answered the questionnaire (66% of those invited). 56% (265 men) of the responders reported pain or ache in the back during the previous 12 months, and the incidence of first ever attacks during the same period was reported to be 34%. 69% reported having had back pain at some time. The responses to the questionnaire were partially validated by comparison with certified sickness absence for two days or more attributed to back pain. In men who were symptomatic in the previous 12 months, for the question relating to absence from work because of back pain, the sensitivity was 82% and specificity was 84%. CONCLUSION--The questionnaire is easy to administer and generates clear cut data that could be useful for epidemiological or screening purposes. Preliminary, limited, studies of its validity are reasonably encouraging, although further validation is required. It is hoped that researchers will find the questionnaire useful, will extend its validation, and continue to develop it. PMID:7849853

  14. A family psychosocial risk questionnaire for use in pediatric practice.

    PubMed

    Pati, Susmita; Guevara, James; Zhang, Guangxiang; Bhatt, Suraj K; Kavanagh, Jane; Gerdes, Marsha; Localio, Russell; Forrest, Christopher B

    2013-12-01

    The objective of this study is to develop new methods to better identify psychosocial risk such that children with the greatest risk of poor future outcomes receive more intensive preventive health services. Based on structured literature review and secondary data analysis, a 52-item psychosocial risk questionnaire was administered to 2,083 families of children (<36 months). To quantify the questionnaire's construct validity, developmental concern was assessed with the Ages and Stages Questionnaire version II (ASQ) [n = 1,163]. An iterative model selection process was used to produce the most parsimonious predictive model. Model fit was examined using c-statistics, the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and a heuristic measure of model overfit based on the fitted log-likelihood values and associated number of degrees of freedom. We found 13 items easily obtained from parental report produced a regression model with a c-statistic of 0.70. Using an integer scoring system derived from the regression model, we calculated stratum specific likelihood ratios to revise a given prior probability of ASQ failure. The posterior probability of ASQ failure was 44.9 % for a child in the highest risk group (score >25) on the questionnaire, more than double our observed average failure rate of 19.5 %, while it was less than 7 % for a child with the lowest possible score on the questionnaire. Thirteen parent-reported items can be compiled into a summary psychosocial risk questionnaire that predicts failure on developmental screening among preschool children. With further validation, this questionnaire could conceivably be used by clinicians to tailor pediatric preventive care to children at varying levels of risk. PMID:23238832

  15. Reliability and validity of an arabic version of the dyspnea-12 questionnaire for Saudi nationals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    PubMed Central

    Alyami, Mohammed M.; Jenkins, Sue C.; Lababidi, Hani; Hill, Kylie

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is a distressing symptom experienced by people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The dyspnea-12 (D-12) questionnaire comprises of 12 items and assesses the quality of this symptom, its severity and the emotional response. The original (English) version of the D-12 is reliable and valid for the measurement of dyspnea in pulmonary diseases. AIM: To translate the D-12 into Arabic and determine whether this version is reliable and valid in Saudi nationals with COPD. METHODS: The D-12 was translated into Arabic version and reviewed by an expert panel before being back-translated into English. The Arabic version was administered to five patients with COPD to test whether it was easily understood after which a final Arabic version was produced. Thereafter, 40 patients with COPD (aged 63 ? 9 years; 33 [82.5%] males; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1) 47 ? 16% predicted) completed the D-12, the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRDQ). Lung function and 6-minute walk distance were also measured. The D-12 was re-administered two weeks later. RESULTS: The Arabic version of the D-12 demonstrated good reliability over the two administration (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.94, P = 0.01). Strong associations were demonstrated between the (1) total score for the D-12 and the CAT, (2) quality sub-score of the D-12 and the CAT and (3) emotional response sub-score of the D-12 and emotional function domain of the CRDQ (r ? 0.6, all P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of the D-12 is a reliable and valid instrument in Saudi nationals with COPD. PMID:25829962

  16. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Greek version of the Family Questionnaire for assessing expressed emotion.

    PubMed

    Koutra, Katerina; Economou, Marina; Triliva, Sofia; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Lionis, Christos; Vgontzas, Alexandros N

    2014-05-01

    Expressed emotion (EE) has proved to be an established factor in short-term relapse in schizophrenia. The aim of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Family Questionnaire (FQ), a brief self-report questionnaire measuring the EE status of relatives of patients with schizophrenia in terms of criticism (CC) and emotional overinvolvement (EOI). The translated and adapted 20-item FQ was administered to 176 family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Caregivers' burden (Family Burden Scale) and psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire-28) were also evaluated. The findings indicated that the Greek version displays a two-factor structure with two subscales of EE-CC and EOI-with 10 items each, similarly to the original version. The convergent validity of the subscales was highly supported by correlations with caregivers' burden and psychological distress. The Cronbach's ? coefficient measuring internal consistency for the two scales were 0.90 for CC and 0.82 for EOI. The test-retest correlation coefficients measuring reproducibility were 0.99 and 0.98 for CC and EOI, respectively. The Greek version of the FQ appears to be a valid and reliable instrument to be used in both research and clinical assessment of family EE. PMID:24636193

  17. Linguistic Abilities in Translators and Interpreters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, John B.

    The purpose of this paper is to review research in the general area of linguistic abilities that might have relevance to the selection and training of translators and interpreters. An important issue to be addressed is what is the criterion of success, that is, how can success in translation and interpretation be measured? The procedures used in…

  18. Translators and Interpreters: Professionals or Shoemakers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viaggio, Sergio

    Translators and interpreters are not currently trained as professionals, but taught a "do-as-I-do" system inherited from the medieval guilds. Most are self-made, having acquired technique and applied it to languages already known. However, there is now enough known about mediated interlingual communication to teach translators and interpreters how…

  19. The Translator-Interpreter: A Special Breed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livingston, Kriemhilde I. R.

    1984-01-01

    Supports the addition of translation courses into the average college curriculum as a means of equipping foreign language students with the training, background, and tools they require to stay competitive as society, business, and the economy demand. Stresses the ability to translate a variety of types of work, such as nonfiction, scientific,…

  20. Selective mRNA translation in erythropoiesis.

    PubMed

    Thiadens, Klaske A M H; von Lindern, Marieke

    2015-06-01

    The daily production of up to 1011 erythrocytes is tightly controlled to maintain the number of erythrocytes in peripheral blood between narrow boundaries. Availability of growth factors and nutrients, particularly iron, control the proliferation and survival of precursor cells partly through control of mRNA translation. General translation initiation mechanisms can selectively control translation of transcripts that carry specific structures in the UTRs. This selective mRNA translation is an important layer of gene expression regulation in erythropoiesis. Ribosome profiling is a recently developed high throughput sequencing technique for global mapping of translation initiation sites across the transcriptome. Here we describe what is known about control of mRNA translation in erythropoiesis and how ribosome profiling will help to further our knowledge. Ribosome footprinting will give insight in transcript-specific translation at codon resolution, which is of great value to understand many cellular processes during erythropoiesis. It will be of particular interest to understand responses to iron availability and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which affects translation initiation of transcripts harbouring upstream ORFs (uORF) and potential alternative downstream ORFs (aORF). PMID:26009174

  1. View update translation for XML Iovka Boneva

    E-print Network

    View update translation for XML Iovka Boneva University Lille 1 Benoît Groz University Lille 1 Sophie Tison University Lille 1 Anne-Cécile Caron University Lille 1 Yves Roos University Lille 1 Slawek Staworko University Lille 3 ABSTRACT We study the problem of update translation for views on XML documents

  2. Animal models in today's translational medicine world.

    PubMed

    Choudhary, Abhishek; Ibdah, Jamal A

    2013-01-01

    Translational medicine drives progress of research along the continuum from basic biomedical research findings into clinical practice. Animal models play a central role in the above continuum. The recent explosion in molecular biology and generation of human physiological system in animals has led to an increasing use of in vivo animal models in today's translational medicine. PMID:23829107

  3. A Hybrid Approach for Translational Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Yue Wang

    2010-01-01

    Translational research has proven to be a powerful process that bridges the gap between basic science and medical practice. The complexity of translational research is two-fold: integration of vast amount of information in disparate silos, and dissemination of discoveries to stakeholders with different interests. We designed and implemented a…

  4. Knowledge-based disambiguation for machine translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joachim Quantz; Birte Schmitz

    1994-01-01

    The resolution of ambiguities is one of the central problems for Machine Translation. In this paper we propose a knowledge-based approach to disambiguation which uses Description Logics (dl) as representation formalism. We present the process of anaphora resolution implemented in the Machine Translation systemfast and show how thedl systemback is used to support disambiguation.

  5. SYNTACTIC PHRASE-BASED STATISTICAL MACHINE TRANSLATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hany Hassan; Mary Hearne; K. Simaan

    2006-01-01

    Phrase-based statistical machine translation (PBSMT) systems represent the dominant approach in MT today. However, unlike systems in other paradigms, it has proven difficult to date to incorporate syntactic knowledge in order to improve translation quality. This paper improves on recent research which uses 'syntactified' target language phrases, by incorporating supertags as constraints to better resolve parse tree fragments. In addition,

  6. PANGLOSS: Knowledge-Based Machine Translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduard H. Hovy

    1994-01-01

    The goals of the PANGLOSS project are to investigate and develop a new-generation knowledge-based interlingual machine translation system, combining symbolic and statistical techniques. The system is to translate newspaper texts in arbitrary domains (though a specific financial domain is given preference) to as high quality as possible using as little human intervention as possible.

  7. Translational Behavior Analysis and Practical Benefits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pilgrim, Carol

    2011-01-01

    In his article, Critchfield ("Translational Contributions of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior," "The Behavior Analyst," v34, p3-17, 2011) summarizes a previous call (Mace & Critchfield, 2010) for basic scientists to reexamine the inspiration for their research and turn increasingly to translational approaches. Interestingly, rather than…

  8. Names, Nicknames, and Titles in Translation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bantas, Andrei

    1994-01-01

    Considers the problems related to the translation of names, nicknames, and titles. Discusses the general challenges requiring extensive cultural background, along with special challenges revealing an author's subjective intentions in the form of humor, invention, allusion, or distortion. Provides a method for dealing with such translational

  9. Translation: Towards a Critical-Functional Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sadeghi, Sima; Ketabi, Saeed

    2010-01-01

    The controversy over the place of translation in the teaching of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) is a thriving field of inquiry. Many older language teaching methodologies such as the Direct Method, the Audio-lingual Method, and Natural and Communicative Approaches, tended to either neglect the role of translation, or prohibit it entirely as a…

  10. Lost in Translation: The Power of Language

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farquhar, Sandy; Fitzsimons, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The paper examines some philosophical aspects of translation as a metaphor for education--a metaphor that avoids the closure of final definitions, in favour of an ongoing and tentative process of interpretation and revision. Translation, it is argued, is a complex process involving language, within and among cultures, and in the exercise of power.…

  11. Suspension System Provides Independent Translation And Rotation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heeg, Jennifer

    1994-01-01

    Spring suspension provides one translational and one rotational degree of freedom. Suspension used to provide for pitching and plunging movements of airfoil in wind tunnel. Translational freedom provided by two thin, flat steel spring tines, clamped at one end to stationary block fixed to ceiling of wind tunnel, and clamped to movable block at other end.

  12. That Which Is Lost in Translation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Lloyd W.

    Communication solely through language has limitations, but translation of one language into another suffers from even more limitations. This paper explores these limitations, discussing the advantages of graphic symbols, the cultural differences which impede translation, the difficulty of expressing emotion verbally, and the difficulty of…

  13. Travelling Languages? Land, Languaging and Translation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phipps, Alison

    2011-01-01

    What does translation become if we uncouple language from culture and link language to perception and experience of the land? What would happen to translation if the culture concept was not the starting point for theorizing? In order to answer this question I examine the contributions of Eagleton, Keesing, Cronin and, most particularly, of the…

  14. Suggestions for Translating Research into Classroom Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warby, Dale B.; Greene, Mary T.; Higgins, Kyle; Lovitt, Thomas C.

    1999-01-01

    Presents a format for assisting educators in translating educational research into classroom interventions. Steps include identifying the problem, seeking a variety of sources, reviewing information, selecting primary sources, distinguishing between theory and opinion, reviewing the parts of a research article, and translating the research into…

  15. Translational physiology: from molecules to public health

    PubMed Central

    Seals, Douglas R

    2013-01-01

    The term ‘translational research’ was coined 20 years ago and has become a guiding influence in biomedical research. It refers to a process by which the findings of basic research are extended to the clinical research setting (bench to bedside) and then to clinical practice and eventually health policy (bedside to community). It is a dynamic, multidisciplinary research approach. The concept of translational physiology applies the translational research model to the physiological sciences. It differs from the traditional areas of integrative and clinical physiology by its broad investigative scope of basic research to community health. Translational physiology offers exciting opportunities, but presently is under-developed and -utilized. A key challenge will be to expand physiological research by extending investigations to communities of patients and healthy (or at risk) individuals. This will allow bidirectional physiological investigation throughout the translational continuum: basic research observations can be studied up to the population level, and mechanisms can be assessed by ‘reverse translation’ in clinical research settings and preclinical models based on initial observations made in populations. Examples of translational physiology questions, experimental approaches, roadblocks and strategies for promotion are discussed. Translational physiology provides a novel framework for physiology programs and an investigational platform for physiologists to study function from molecular events to public health. It holds promise for enhancing the completeness and societal impact of our work, while further solidifying the critical role of physiology in the biomedical research enterprise. PMID:23732641

  16. Units invariant and translation invariant DEA models

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. A. Knox Lovell; Jesús T. Pastor

    1995-01-01

    In this paper we discuss the desirable properties of units invariance and translation invariance, and we note which DEA models satisfy one or the other of these properties. No currently known DEA model satisfies both properties. We then introduce two new DEA models. One satisfies units invariance and partial translation invariance, and the other satisfies both properties.

  17. Children's Books in Translation: Facts and Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orvig, Mary

    1972-01-01

    The distribution channels of children's books and the part played by translations within children's literature of different countries are neglected fields of research. Translation is the strongest link in an international chain which is constantly in need of amplification and reinforcement. (34 references) (Author/NH)

  18. Translating Research and Building the Evidence Base

    E-print Network

    Keinan, Alon

    promoting evidence-based, rigorously-tested programs and practices throughout all program areas, including Discovery Practice-based Evidence DIFFUSION #12;What's New About Translational Research? Hasn't CCE beenTranslating Research and Building the Evidence Base John Eckenrode Professor of Human Development

  19. CART (Communication Access Realtime Translation). PEPNet Tipsheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Judy, Comp.

    1999-01-01

    Communication Access Realtime Translation--(CART)--is the instant translation of the spoken word into English text performed by a CART reporter using a stenotype machine, notebook computer and realtime software. The text is then displayed on a computer monitor or other display device for the student who is deaf or hard of hearing to read. This…

  20. Protein Synthesis: Transcription/Translation Overview

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This animation shows the transcription process of RNA within the plant cell. Single stranded RNA moves out of the cell where it is translated into proteins. This is the first in a series of three animations on protein synthesis. The other two animations are Transcription and Translation.

  1. Translation invariance and doubly special relativity

    E-print Network

    S. Mignemi

    2010-10-29

    We propose a new interpretation of doubly special relativity based on the distinction between the momenta and the translation generators in its phase space realization. We also argue that the implementation of the theory does not necessarily require a deformation of the Lorentz symmetry, but only of the translation invariance.

  2. Spi Calculus Translated to -Calculus Preserving

    E-print Network

    Parrow, Joachim

    Spi Calculus Translated to -Calculus Preserving May-Testing Michael Baldamus, Joachim Parrow, Bj Technical report 2003-063 December 2003 ISSN 1404-3203 #12;Spi Calculus Translated to -Calculus Preserving of the spi- calculus into the more basic -calculus and establish its correctness with respect to a formal

  3. Retargetable and reconfigurable software dynamic translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin Scott; Naveen Kumar; S. Velusamy; Bruce R. Childers; Jack W. Davidson; Mary Lou Soffa

    2003-01-01

    Software dynamic translation (SDT) is a technology that permits the modification of an executing program's instructions. In recent years, SDT has received increased attention, from both industry and academia, as a feasible and effective approach to solving a variety of significant problems. Despite this increased attention, the task of initiating a new project in software dynamic translation remains a difficult

  4. Six questions about translational due diligence.

    PubMed

    Selinger, Evan

    2010-04-28

    To maintain stable respect and support, translational research must be guided by appropriate ethical, social, legal, and political concerns and carry out culturally competent practices. Considering six key questions concerning due diligence will enable the translational research community to examine critically how it approaches these endeavors. PMID:20427818

  5. Statistical Machine Translation for Biomedical Text: Are We There Yet?

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Cuijun; Xia, Fei; Deleger, Louise; Solti, Imre

    2011-01-01

    In our paper we addressed the research question: “Has machine translation achieved sufficiently high quality to translate PubMed titles for patients?”. We analyzed statistical machine translation output for six foreign language - English translation pairs (bi-directionally). We built a high performing in-house system and evaluated its output for each translation pair on large scale both with automated BLEU scores and human judgment. In addition to the in-house system, we also evaluated Google Translate’s performance specifically within the biomedical domain. We report high performance for German, French and Spanish -- English bi-directional translation pairs for both Google Translate and our system. PMID:22195190

  6. The Persian version of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Mesgarian, Fatemeh; Asghari, Ali; Shaeiri, Mohammad Reza; Broumand, Akram

    2013-01-01

    Research on the role of acceptance in adjustment to persisting pain has been facilitated by the development of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ). However, the CPAQ has not yet been validated amongst Iranian patients with chronic pain. To examine the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the CPAQ (P-CPAQ), 245 Persian-speaking chronic pain patients completed a battery of questionnaires, including: the P-CPAQ, a Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, a slightly modified Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire, the Catastrophizing Scale of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire, the Depression and Anxiety Scales of the Depression Anxiety And Stress Scale-21 and the Pain-Related Interference and Pain Intensity Scales of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory. Furthermore, to evaluate the reliability of the P-CPAQ, the measure was completed by 24 chronic pain patients, on two occasions that are 2 weeks apart. The results of the principal component analysis and confirmatory factor analysis yielded a two-factor solution. Furthermore, the reliability and construct validity of the P-CPAQ were confirmed. In general, consistent with studies in other countries, the results of the present study indicate that pain acceptance plays an important role in adjustment to chronic pain regardless of cultural and language differences between countries. PMID:22281840

  7. [Cognitive interviewing - a tool to develop and validate questionnaires].

    PubMed

    Pohontsch, N; Meyer, T

    2015-02-01

    Questionnaires concerning subjective health status are an important element of rehabilitation research. The appraisal of the quality of these instruments mostly relies on quantitative psychometric analyses. However, these analyses do not explicitly reveal whether or how respondents understand questionnaire content. Over the past few years cognitive interviewing has been increasingly used in questionnaire design and validation. It serves to identify potentially problematic questions, ambiguities and difficulties which could lead to unintended answers. It analyses whether the answers given by respondents represent the intended meaning of the question. Findings derived from cognitive interviewing serve to improve new and further validate well-established questionnaires.The 4-stage model of the survey response process by Tourangeau provides a conceptual basis for cognitive interviewing. The 2 most prominent methods of cognitive interviewing are think aloud and verbal probing. Various authors give recommendations on executing cognitive interviews but almost no recommendations exist on the -indications of the different methods.Potential applications of cognitive interviewing go beyond questionnaire design and improvement. Due to its origin in cognitive science it can also be used to resolve substantive questions, e.?g. concerning reasons for discrepancies between the results of 2 different methods of measuring change. PMID:25675322

  8. Identification of actively translated mRNAs.

    PubMed

    Reboll, Marc R; Nourbakhsh, Mahtab

    2014-01-01

    Ribosomes are large protein-RNA complexes involved in translation of mRNA nucleotide sequences into proteins. Multiple ribosomes, polyribosomes (polysomes), bind to a single mRNA in order to initiate translation and protein synthesis. In order to distinguish actively translated RNAs, total polysomes can be isolated from cell lysates and purified by centrifugation through sucrose density gradients. The polysome fraction represents all actively translated cellular RNAs that can be specifically detected using common RNA detection assays, e.g., RT-PCR. The quantity of the target RNA in polysomes fraction indicates its translation state. This chapter provides a protocol for the isolation and fractionation of polysomes from mammalian cell lines. PMID:25055909

  9. Ethical Perspectives on Knowledge Translation in Rehabilitation

    PubMed Central

    Banja, John D.; Eisen, Arri

    2013-01-01

    Although the literature on the ethical dimensions of knowledge creation, use, and dissemination is voluminous, it has not particularly examined the ethical dimensions of knowledge translation in rehabilitation. Yet, whether research is done in a wet lab or treatments are provided to patients in therapeutic settings, rehabilitation professionals commonly use (as well as create) knowledge and disseminate it to peers, patients, and various others. This article will refer to knowledge creation, use, and transfer as knowledge translation and examine some of its numerous ethical challenges. Three ethical dimensions of knowledge translation will particularly attract our attention: (1) the quality of knowledge disseminated to rehabilitationists; (2) ethical challenges in being too easily persuaded by or unreasonably resistant to putative knowledge; and (3) organizational barriers to knowledge translation. We will conclude with some recommendations on facilitating the ethical soundness of knowledge translation in rehabilitation. PMID:23168302

  10. A Comparative Study of Query and Document Translation for

    E-print Network

    Oard, Doug

    of the translation output from an exist- ing machine translation system these are compared with a document translation technique that uses output from the same machine transla- tion system. Average precision measures e ective than using every translation in the dictionary, that query translation using a machine

  11. Extended super function based Chinese Japanese machine translation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xiao Sun; Fuji Ren; Degen Huang

    2009-01-01

    Research on machine translation has a long history and many methods and techniques have been proposed and developed. However, low quality of translation is still a major problem and many related problems remain unresolved. Super function based machine translation was proposed to perform translation without going through syntactic and semantic analysis as many machine translation systems usually do. In such

  12. Translation Moves: Zitkala-Sa's Bilingual Indian Legends

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spack, Ruth

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author examines Zitkala-Sa's translation of an Indian legend from Dakota into English. Her title, "Translation Moves," refers not only to Zitkala-Sa's rhetorical strategies, but also to different meanings of translation, as well as to the complex and dynamic process that translation entails. There is literal translation: the…

  13. Reliability and construct validity of the Bahasa Malaysia version of transtheoretical model (TTM) questionnaire for smoking cessation and relapse among Malaysian adult.

    PubMed

    Yasin, Siti Munira; Taib, Khairul Mizan; Zaki, Rafdzah Ahmad

    2011-01-01

    The transtheoretical model (TTM) has been used as one of the major constructs in developing effective cognitive behavioural interventions for smoking cessation and relapse prevention, in Western societies. This study aimed to examine the reliability and construct validity of the translated Bahasa Malaysia version of TTM questionnaire among adult smokers in Klang Valley, Malaysia. The sample consisted of 40 smokers from four different worksites in Klang Valley. A 26-item TTM questionnaire was administered, and a similar set one week later. The questionnaire consisted of three measures; decisional balance, temptations and impact of smoking. Construct validity was measured by factor analysis and the reliability by Cronbach' s alpha (internal consistency) and test-retest correlation. Results revealed that Cronbach' s alpha coefficients for the items were: decisional balance (0.84; 0.74) and temptations (0.89; 0.54; 0.85). The values for test retest correlation were all above 0.4. In addition, factor analysis suggested two meaningful common factors for decisional balance and three for temptations. This is consistent with the original construct of the TTM questionnaire. Overall results demonstrated that construct validity and reliability were acceptable for all items. In conclusion, the Bahasa Malaysia version of TTM questionnaire is a reliable and valid tool in ass. PMID:22126478

  14. Development and Validation of a New Questionnaire Assessing Quality of Life in Adults with Hypopituitarism: Adult Hypopituitarism Questionnaire (AHQ)

    PubMed Central

    Ishii, Hitoshi; Shimatsu, Akira; Okimura, Yasuhiko; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Hizuka, Naomi; Kaji, Hidesuke; Hanew, Kunihiko; Oki, Yutaka; Yamashiro, Sayuri; Takano, Koji; Chihara, Kazuo

    2012-01-01

    Objective To develop and validate the Adult Hypopituitarism Questionnaire (AHQ) as a disease-specific, self-administered questionnaire for evaluation of quality of life (QOL) in adult patients with hypopituitarism. Methods We developed and validated this new questionnaire, using a standardized procedure which included item development, pilot-testing and psychometric validation. Of the patients who participated in psychometric validation, those whose clinical conditions were judged to be stable were asked to answer the survey questionnaire twice, in order to assess test-retest reliability. Results Content validity of the initial questionnaire was evaluated via two pilot tests. After these tests, we made minor revisions and finalized the initial version of the questionnaire. The questionnaire was constructed with two domains, one psycho-social and the other physical. For psychometric assessment, analyses were performed on the responses of 192 adult patients with various types of hypopituitarism. The intraclass correlations of the respective domains were 0.91 and 0.95, and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.96 and 0.95, indicating adequate test-retest reliability and internal consistency for each domain. For known-group validity, patients with hypopituitarism due to hypothalamic disorder showed significantly lower scores in 11 out of 13 sub-domains compared to those who had hypopituitarism due to pituitary disorder. Regarding construct validity, the domain structure was found to be almost the same as that initially hypothesized. Exploratory factor analysis (n?=?228) demonstrated that each domain consisted of six and seven sub-domains. Conclusion The AHQ showed good reliability and validity for evaluating QOL in adult patients with hypopituitarism. PMID:22984490

  15. U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--BASELINE QUESTIONNAIRE DATA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Baseline Questionnaire data set provides information about the household using the primary resident (IRN 01) and other residents who chose to participate. The information is from 362 Baseline Questionnaires for 201 households. The Baseline Questionnaire was administered to ...

  16. Study protocol of psychometric properties of the Spanish translation of a competence test in evidence based practice: The Fresno test

    PubMed Central

    Argimon-Pallàs, Josep M; Flores-Mateo, Gemma; Jiménez-Villa, Josep; Pujol-Ribera, Enriqueta; Foz, Gonçal; Bundó-Vidiella, Magda; Juncosa, Sebastià; Fuentes-Bellido, Cruz M; Pérez-Rodríguez, Belén; Margalef-Pallarès, Francesc; Villafafila-Ferrero, Rosa; Forès-Garcia, Dolors; Roman-Martínez, Josep; Vilert-Garroga, Esther

    2009-01-01

    Background There are few high-quality instruments for evaluating the effectiveness of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) curricula with objective outcomes measures. The Fresno test is an instrument that evaluates most of EBP steps with a high reliability and validity in the English original version. The present study has the aims to translate the Fresno questionnaire into Spanish and its subsequent validation to ensure the equivalence of the Spanish version against the English original. Methods and design The questionnaire will be translated with the back translation technique and tested in Primary Care Teaching Units in Catalonia (PCTU). Participants will be: (a) tutors of Family Medicine residents (expert group); (b) Family Medicine residents in their second year of the Family Medicine training program (novice group), and (c) Family Medicine physicians (intermediate group). The questionnaire will be administered before and after an educational intervention. The educational intervention will be an interactive four half-day sessions designed to develop the knowledge and skills required to EBP. Responsiveness statistics used in the analysis will be the effect size, the standardised response mean and Guyatt's method. For internal consistency reliability, two measures will be used: corrected item-total correlations and Cronbach's alpha. Inter-rater reliability will be tested using Kappa coefficient for qualitative items and intra-class correlation coefficient for quantitative items and the overall score. Construct validity, item difficulty, item discrimination and feasibility will be determined. Discussion The validation of the Fresno questionnaire into different languages will enable the expansion of the questionnaire, as well as allowing comparison between countries and the evaluation of different teaching models. PMID:19239704

  17. Word reading and translation in bilinguals: the impact of formal and informal translation expertise

    PubMed Central

    García, Adolfo M.; Ibáñez, Agustín; Huepe, David; Houck, Alexander L.; Michon, Maëva; Lezama, Carlos G.; Chadha, Sumeer; Rivera-Rei, Álvaro

    2014-01-01

    Studies on bilingual word reading and translation have examined the effects of lexical variables (e.g., concreteness, cognate status) by comparing groups of non-translators with varying levels of L2 proficiency. However, little attention has been paid to another relevant factor: translation expertise (TI). To explore this issue, we administered word reading and translation tasks to two groups of non-translators possessing different levels of informal TI (Experiment 1), and to three groups of bilinguals possessing different levels of translation training (Experiment 2). Reaction-time recordings showed that in all groups reading was faster than translation and unaffected by concreteness and cognate effects. Conversely, in both experiments, all groups translated concrete and cognate words faster than abstract and non-cognate words, respectively. Notably, an advantage of backward over forward translation was observed only for low-proficiency non-translators (in Experiment 1). Also, in Experiment 2, the modifications induced by translation expertise were more marked in the early than in the late stages of training and practice. The results suggest that TI contributes to modulating inter-equivalent connections in bilingual memory. PMID:25429279

  18. A questionnaire for assessing community health nurses' learning needs.

    PubMed

    Akhtar-Danesh, Noori; Valaitis, Ruta K; Schofield, Ruth; Underwood, Jane; Martin-Misener, Ruth; Baumann, Andrea; Kolotylo, Camille

    2010-12-01

    Learning needs assessment is an important stage of every educational process that aims to inform changes in practice and policy for continuing professional development. Professional competencies have been widely used as a basis for the development of learning needs assessment. The Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practices (CCHN Standards) were released in 2003. However, it is not known whether community health nurses (CHNs) have the educational background to enable them to meet these standards. This article reports on the development of a learning needs assessment questionnaire for CHNs. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to examine the consistency of factors underpinning the CCHN Standards. Also, validity and reliability of the questionnaire were evaluated using appropriate techniques. This process resulted in a valid and reliable CHN learning needs assessment questionnaire to measure learning needs of large groups of practitioners, where other forms of measurement cannot be feasibly conducted. PMID:20702683

  19. Translating metabolomics to cardiovascular biomarkers.

    PubMed

    Senn, Todd; Hazen, Stanley L; Tang, W H Wilson

    2012-01-01

    Metabolomics is the systematic study of the unique chemical fingerprints of small molecules or metabolite profiles that are related to a variety of cellular metabolic processes in a cell, organ, or organism. Although messenger RNA gene expression data and proteomic analyses do not tell the whole story of what might be happening in a cell, metabolic profiling provides direct and indirect physiologic insights that can potentially be detectable in a wide range of biospecimens. Although not specific to cardiac conditions, translating metabolomics to cardiovascular biomarkers has followed the traditional path of biomarker discovery from identification and confirmation to clinical validation and bedside testing. With technological advances in metabolomic tools (such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry) and more sophisticated bioinformatics and analytical techniques, the ability to measure low-molecular-weight metabolites in biospecimens provides a unique insight into established and novel metabolic pathways. Systemic metabolomics may provide physiologic understanding of cardiovascular disease states beyond traditional profiling and may involve descriptions of metabolic responses of an individual or population to therapeutic interventions or environmental exposures. PMID:22824112

  20. An Integrated Knowledge Translation Experience

    PubMed Central

    Bagatto, Marlene P.; Miller, Linda T.; Kothari, Anita; Seewald, Richard; Scollie, Susan D.

    2011-01-01

    Pediatric audiologists lack evidence-based, age-appropriate outcome evaluation tools with well-developed normative data that could be used to evaluate the auditory development and performance of children aged birth to 6 years with permanent childhood hearing impairment. Bagatto and colleagues recommend a battery of outcome tools that may be used with this population. This article provides results of an evaluation of the individual components of the University of Western Ontario Pediatric Audiological Monitoring Protocol (UWO PedAMP) version 1.0 by the audiologists associated with the Network of Pediatric Audiologists of Canada. It also provides information regarding barriers and facilitators to implementing outcome measures in clinical practice. Results indicate that when compared to the Parents’ Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH) Diary, audiologists found the PEACH Rating Scale to be a more clinically feasible evaluation tool to implement in practice from a time, task, and consistency of use perspective. Results also indicate that the LittlEARS® Auditory Questionnaire could be used to evaluate the auditory development and performance of children aged birth to 6 years with permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI). The most cited barrier to implementation is time. The result of this social collaboration was the creation of a knowledge product, the UWO PedAMP v1.0, which has the potential to be useful to audiologists and the children and families they serve. PMID:22194315

  1. Preliminary study of online machine translation use of nursing literature: quality evaluation and perceived usability

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Japanese nurses are increasingly required to read published international research in clinical, educational, and research settings. Language barriers are a significant obstacle, and online machine translation (MT) is a tool that can be used to address this issue. We examined the quality of Google Translate® (English to Japanese and Korean to Japanese), which is a representative online MT, using a previously verified evaluation method. We also examined the perceived usability and current use of online MT among Japanese nurses. Findings Randomly selected nursing abstracts were translated and then evaluated for intelligibility and usability by 28 participants, including assistants and research associates from nursing universities throughout Japan. They answered a questionnaire about their online MT use. From simple comparison of mean scores between two language pairs, translation quality was significantly better, with respect to both intelligibility and usability, for Korean-Japanese than for English-Japanese. Most respondents perceived a language barrier. Online MT had been used by 61% of the respondents and was perceived as not useful enough. Conclusion Nursing articles translated from Korean into Japanese by an online MT system could be read at an acceptable level of comprehension, but the same could not be said for English-Japanese translations. Respondents with experience using online MT used it largely to grasp the overall meanings of the original text. Enrichment in technical terms appeared to be the key to better usability. Users will be better able to use MT outputs if they improve their foreign language proficiency as much as possible. Further research is being conducted with a larger sample size and detailed analysis. PMID:23151362

  2. Adaptation and validation of the Treatment Burden Questionnaire (TBQ) in English using an internet platform

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Treatment burden refers to the workload imposed by healthcare on patients, and the effect this has on quality of life. The Treatment Burden Questionnaire (TBQ) aims to assess treatment burden in different condition and treatment contexts. Here, we aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of an English version of the TBQ, a scale that was originally developed in French. Methods The TBQ was translated into English by a forward-backward translation method. Wording and possible missing items were assessed during a pretest involving 200 patients with chronic conditions. Measurement properties of the instrument were assessed online with a patient network, using the PatientsLikeMe website. Dimensional structure of the questionnaire was assessed by factor analysis. Construct validity was assessed by associating TBQ global score w?th clinical variables, adherence to medication assessed by Morisky’s Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8), quality of life (QOL) assessed by the PatientsLikeMe Quality of Life Scale (PLMQOL), and patients’ confidence in their knowledge of their conditions and treatments. Reliability was determined by a test–retest method. Results In total, 610 patients with chronic conditions, mainly from the USA, UK, Canada, Australia, or New Zealand, completed the TBQ between September and October 2013. The English TBQ showed a unidimensional structure with Cronbach ? of 0.90. The TBQ global score was negatively correlated with the PLMQOL score (rs?=??0.50; p?

  3. Validation of Malay Version of Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale: Comparison between Depressed Patients and Healthy Subjects at an Out-Patient Clinic in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    NG, Chong Guan; CHIN, Soo Cheng; YEE, Anne Hway Ann; LOH, Huai Seng; SULAIMAN, Ahmad Hatim; Sherianne Sook Kuan, WONG; HABIL, Mohamed Hussain

    2014-01-01

    Background: The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a self-assessment scale designed to evaluate anhedonia in various psychiatric disorders. In order to facilitate its use in Malaysian settings, our current study aimed to examine the validity of a Malay-translated version of the SHAPS (SHAPS-M). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 44 depressed patients and 82 healthy subjects were recruited from a university out-patient clinic. All participants were given both the Malay and English versions of the SHAPS, Fawcett-Clark Pleasure Scale (FCPS), General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to assess their hedonic state, general mental health condition and levels of depression. Results: The results showed that the SHAPS-M has impressive internal consistency (? = 0.96), concurrent validity and good parallel-form reliability (intraclass coefficient, ICC = 0.65). Conclusion: In addition to demonstrating good psychometric properties, the SHAPS-M is easy to administer. Therefore, it is a valid, reliable, and suitable questionnaire for assessing anhedonia among depressed patients in Malaysia. PMID:25246837

  4. Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Bae, Woo Kyung; Son, Ki Young

    2015-01-01

    Background Given that a substantial number of daily activities take place in neighborhoods, a convenient and effective method for measuring the physical activity of individuals is needed. Therefore, we tested the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire (K-NPAQ), which was developed through translation and back-translation of the NPAQ. Methods The K-NPAQ was administered twice, with a 1-week interval, to participants in the study who were recruited at a health promotion center. We assessed energy expenditure and compliance using an accelerometer and an activity diary. The Kappa statistic and Spearman correlation coefficient were used to evaluate the test-retest reliability of the K-NPAQ, and the Spearman rank correlation was used to assess the validity. Results Of the 122 participants, 43 were excluded owing to a lack of compliance. The Kappa values for all items that were used to assess walking or cycling within or outside the neighborhood were >0.424; 0.251-0.902 for 5 items related to the purpose of the physical activity; 0.232-0.912 for most items related to the number of times and the duration for each types of physical activity. The total energy expenditure and the energy expenditure in the neighborhood were significantly correlated with the K-NPAQ and the accelerometer, with correlation coefficients of 0.192-0.264. Conclusion The K-NPAQ is a valid and reliable tool for measuring physical activity in the neighborhood, and it can be used for individual education and counseling in order to augment physical activity in specific neighborhood environments. PMID:26019763

  5. Development and validation of a quality of life questionnaire for patients with colostomy or ileostomy

    PubMed Central

    Prieto, Luis; Thorsen, Hanne; Juul, Kristian

    2005-01-01

    Background Quality of life of stoma patients is increasingly being addressed in clinical trials. However, the instruments used in the majority of these studies have not been validated specifically for stoma patients. The aim of this paper is to describe the development and validation of a quality-of-life instrument, "Stoma-QOL", specifically for patients with colostomy or ileostomy. Methods Potential items were formulated in English on the basis of the results of a series of semi-structured interviews with 169 adult stoma patients. The process resulted in a preliminary 37-item version, which was translated into French, German, Spanish and Danish, and administered repeatedly to 182 patients with colostomy or ileostomy. A psychometric selection of items was performed through Rasch Analysis. The measurement properties of the final questionnaire version were subsequently tested. Results The 20 items in the final questionnaire covered four domains – sleep, sexual activity, relations to family and close friends, and social relations to other than family and close friends. These items were found to define a unidimensional variable according to Rasch specifications (Infit MNSQ < 1.3). Internal consistency reliability calculated as Cronbach's alpha was 0.92, i.e., highly reliable. Spearman's correlation coefficients of scores across times of administration was >0.88 (p < 0.01), indicating a high test-retest reliability. Item calibrations by country calculated as ICC were 0.81 (0.67–0.91 95% CI), confirming cross-cultural comparability across the European countries included in the study. Conclusion Given the adequacy of the metric properties of the Stoma-QOL suggested by the psychometric analyses, this study confirms the suitability of the instrument in clinical practice and in clinical research. PMID:16219109

  6. Post-translational protein modification as a tool for transcription

    E-print Network

    Spoel, Steven

    Minireview Post-translational protein modification as a tool for transcription reprogramming Author, phosphorylation, plant immunity, post- translational modification, proteasome, S-nitrosylation, transcription the activities of these proteins are controlled. Recent findings indicate that post-translational modifications

  7. 8 CFR 1003.33 - Translation of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Procedure § 1003.33 Translation of documents. Any foreign...accompanied by an English language translation and a certification signed...the document, and that the translation is true and accurate to the best of the...

  8. 8 CFR 1003.33 - Translation of documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Procedure § 1003.33 Translation of documents. Any foreign...accompanied by an English language translation and a certification signed...the document, and that the translation is true and accurate to the best of the...

  9. Natural versus Artificial Translation: A Case for Folk Etymology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaba, Olugoyega

    1981-01-01

    Uses examples of English-Yoruba translation to show that borrowing is a natural way of translating new concepts from source language into target language. Stresses importance of folk etymology in natural translation. (Author/BK)

  10. Chapter 16: Text Mining for Translational Bioinformatics

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, K. Bretonnel; Hunter, Lawrence E.

    2013-01-01

    Text mining for translational bioinformatics is a new field with tremendous research potential. It is a subfield of biomedical natural language processing that concerns itself directly with the problem of relating basic biomedical research to clinical practice, and vice versa. Applications of text mining fall both into the category of T1 translational research—translating basic science results into new interventions—and T2 translational research, or translational research for public health. Potential use cases include better phenotyping of research subjects, and pharmacogenomic research. A variety of methods for evaluating text mining applications exist, including corpora, structured test suites, and post hoc judging. Two basic principles of linguistic structure are relevant for building text mining applications. One is that linguistic structure consists of multiple levels. The other is that every level of linguistic structure is characterized by ambiguity. There are two basic approaches to text mining: rule-based, also known as knowledge-based; and machine-learning-based, also known as statistical. Many systems are hybrids of the two approaches. Shared tasks have had a strong effect on the direction of the field. Like all translational bioinformatics software, text mining software for translational bioinformatics can be considered health-critical and should be subject to the strictest standards of quality assurance and software testing. PMID:23633944

  11. The persian version of the chronic urticaria quality of life questionnaire: factor analysis, validation, and initial clinical findings.

    PubMed

    Tavakol, Marzieh; Mohammadinejad, Payam; Baiardini, Ilaria; Braido, Fulvio; Gharagozlou, Mohammad; Aghamohammadi, Asghar; Nabavi, Mohammad; Dabbaghzade, Abbas; Tavakol, Zahra; Afarideh, Mohsen; Rezaei, Nima

    2014-08-01

    Chronic urticaria (CU) also known as chronic idiopathic urticaria results in a lowered quality of life (QoL). Disease specific questionnaires are necessary to assess QoL in CU patients. Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire (CU-Q2oL) is the only available and validated disease specific questionnaire in the assessment of QoL in CU patients originally developed in Italian language. The aim of the current study was to develop the Persian version of the CU-Q2oL with an acceptable reliability and validity.Using the standard methods provided by guidelines, CU-Q2oL was translated into Persian. A total number of 110 patients with confirmed diagnosis of CU were asked to fill the questionnaire. Determination of scales was performed in addition to checking the data for internal consistency and known group validity. Urticaria activity score 7 (UAS7) was used to assess the severity of the CU in the population study. The 6 dimensional scale of Persian CU-Q2oL was determined using the Exploratory Factor Analysis. About 68% of the variance was explained by these 6 factor structure higher than 59.9% of the original Italian version.All 6 factors showed acceptable internal consistency as measured by Cronbach ? coefficient. There was a significant correlation between UAS7 and total CU-Q2oL score. UAS7 and the presence of angioedema were predictors of CU-Q2oL score.The Persian version of CU-Q2oL was shown to be a valid and reliable tool to be used in the future clinical studies. Cultural considerations must be kept in mind in adoption of CU-Q2oL to other languages.  PMID:24659164

  12. Statistical machine translation for biomedical text: are we there yet?

    PubMed

    Wu, Cuijun; Xia, Fei; Deleger, Louise; Solti, Imre

    2011-01-01

    In our paper we addressed the research question: "Has machine translation achieved sufficiently high quality to translate PubMed titles for patients?". We analyzed statistical machine translation output for six foreign language - English translation pairs (bi-directionally). We built a high performing in-house system and evaluated its output for each translation pair on large scale both with automated BLEU scores and human judgment. In addition to the in-house system, we also evaluated Google Translate's performance specifically within the biomedical domain. We report high performance for German, French and Spanish -- English bi-directional translation pairs for both Google Translate and our system. PMID:22195190

  13. Reliability and Validity of the Learning Styles Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fung, Y. H.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes a study of Chinese undergraduate students at the Hong Kong Polytechnic that was conducted to examine the reliability and predictive validity of a short form of Honey and Mumford's Learning Styles Questionnaire. Correlations between learning style scores and preferences for different types of learning activities are discussed. (16…

  14. Further Evaluation of the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Kenneth G.; Suh, Hanna; Ege, Engin

    2014-01-01

    Data from clinical and nonclinical samples ("Ns" = 2,096, 618) were used to evaluate and replicate the measurement structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45.2. Different measurement models and invariance tests were evaluated and the best psychometric support was found for a shortened measure of two factors: overall maladjustment and…

  15. A Guide to Questionnaire Development. Working Paper No. 33.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stacey, Susan E.

    The basic steps to be followed in the development of a questionnaire are as follows: (1) specify the goals of the study by listing all the questions the investigation is to answer; (2) review the literature related to topics being studied; (3) define all abstract concepts included in the list of objectives; (4) decide what type of item format will…

  16. Tactics and Factors That Increase Response Rates to Mailed Questionnaires.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillihunt, Vivian C.

    Research findings on identification of factors associated with increasing response rates to mailed questionnaires are presented. Several tactics which have been used to effect a greater response rate are presented and explained. Physical factors, such as typed correspondence, have been shown to yield higher response rates than duplicated…

  17. The clarke SHQ: A clinical sex history questionnaire for males

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Paitich; R. Langevin; R. Freeman; K. Mann; L. Handy

    1977-01-01

    The development of a 225-item sexual history questionnaire is reported. The frequency, desire for, and disgust for a wide range of sexual behaviors, including anomalous behavior, were examined. Twenty-four scales were derived from factor analysis of the items. The scales were represented by modest unitary factors but were relatively free of bias from age, education, intelligence, social desirability, and defensiveness.

  18. A Psychometric Investigation of the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Amy L.; Lester, David; Rogers, James R.

    2008-01-01

    The factor structure of the Suicide Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ) was investigated in 2 studies. In the first study, the SOQ was administered to 568 participants to investigate the relative strength of 3 competing latent structure models previously identified in the literature. Confirmatory factor analyses provided no support for any of the prior…

  19. Caregiver’s feeding styles questionnaire - new factors and correlates

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Study objectives were to conduct exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of Caregiver’s Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) and evaluate correlations between factors and maternal feeding practices, attitudes, and perceptions. Mothers (N = 144) were 43% minority race/ethnicity, 24% full-time employed, 54% ...

  20. Validation de la version française du Questionnaire de Bournemouth

    PubMed Central

    Martel, Johanne; Dugas, Claude; Lafond, D.; Descarreaux, M.

    2009-01-01

    Les auto questionnaires font partie intégrante de l’évaluation des patients ayant des douleurs cervicales. Le Questionnaire de Bournemouth intègre la réalité biopsychosociale dans l’évaluation des douleurs cervicales et sa version anglais (QBc-a) est validée et présente des propriétés psychométriques de modérées à excellentes. L’objectif de cette étude est de traduire et valider une version française de ce questionnaire. La traduction et l’adaptation a été complétée en utilisant la méthode de traduction contre-traduction qui a permis d’obtenir un consensus entre les deux versions. L’étude de validation impliquait 68 sujets (âge moyen 41 ans) qui participaient à un essai clinique randomisé concernant l’efficacité des thérapies manuelles pour les douleurs cervicales. Le protocole expérimental permettait d’obtenir des données pour évaluer la validité conceptuelle, la validité conceptuelle longitudinale, la fidélité test-retest et la sensibilité au changement. Les données de validité conceptuelle (r = 0,67 et 0,61 et 0,42 respectivement pour la validité conceptuelle pré, post traitement et longitudinale), de fidélité test-retest (r = 0,97) et de sensibilité au changement (taille de l’effet = 0,56 et réponse moyenne normalisée = 0,61) sont adéquates pour suggérer une utilisation de cet auto questionnaire pour la gestion des patients ayant des douleurs cervicales.

  1. The use of questionnaires in safety culture research – an evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank W. Guldenmund

    2007-01-01

    Questionnaires have not been particularly successful in exposing the core of an organisational safety culture. This is clear both from the factors found and the relations between these and safety indicators. The factors primarily seem to denote an overall evaluation of management, which does not say much about cultural basic assumptions. In addition, methodology requires that levels of theory and

  2. The Development and Evaluation of the Academic Entitlement Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kopp, Jason P.; Zinn, Tracy E.; Finney, Sara J.; Jurich, Daniel P.

    2011-01-01

    Validity evidence was gathered for the Academic Entitlement Questionnaire (AEQ). After reviewing entitlement literature, items were written to cover the breadth of academic entitlement. Results provide evidence for the substantive, structural, and external aspects of validity of the AEQ. Implications for research and use of the AEQ are discussed.…

  3. The African Self-Consciousness Scale: An Africentric Personality Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldwin, Joseph A.; Bell, Yvonne R.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the lack of reliable instruments for studying African American behavior and psychological functioning as a technical and philosophical flaw in Western psychology. Surveys the development of Africentric theory-based assessment instruments and presents the African Self-Consciousness Scale, a 42-item personalilty questionnaire designed to…

  4. IRS Releases Tax Questionnaire that Asks Colleges to Disclose More

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelderman, Eric

    2008-01-01

    Nearly 400 colleges across the United States are about to be asked to disclose intimate financial details of their operations to the Internal Revenue Service. This article reports on a highly detailed financial questionnaire designed by the IRS for the first phase of its Colleges and Universities Compliance Project, which is part of a continuing…

  5. Introduction Up until recent years surveys and questionnaires

    E-print Network

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    Introduction Up until recent years surveys and questionnaires have been administered either) can introduce bias into the interviewee's responses. Moreover, the interviewee is somewhat at the mercy of the interviewer who knows the overall scope and content of the survey and reveals the items

  6. The Diagnostic Conference Planning Questionnaire for Speech-Language Pathology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houle, Gail Ruppert

    1990-01-01

    The article describes a tool to increase professional effectiveness in supervisory conferencing in speech-language pathology based on the dual areas of role expectations for clinicians and personal needs as derived from Maslow's hierarchy of needs. The conferencing questionnaire aids in recognizing the needs of the supervisee, stating problems,…

  7. Paid Work and Unpaid Work: Diary Information Versus Questionnaire Information

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonke, Jens

    2005-01-01

    Time-use information is preferably obtained from diaries, as this method is considered more reliable than information from questionnaires. Data from the Danish Time Use Survey 2001 thus indicate differences in the level of unpaid work, whereas only minor differences appear for paid work. That is: people reporting many hours of paid work tend to…

  8. The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rona Moss-Morris; John Weinman; Keith Petrie; Robert Horne; Linda Cameron; Deanna Buick

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents a revised version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R), a recently developed and widely used quantitative measure of the five components of illness representations in Leventhal's self-regulatory model. The revised version stemmed from a need to deal with minor psychometric problems with two subscales, and to include additional subscales, assessing cyclical timeline perceptions, illness coherence, and emotional

  9. A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED METHOD FOR CMMI LEVEL 2 MATURITY ASSESSMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fatih YUCALAR; Senol Zafer ERDOGAN

    2009-01-01

    CMMI has gained widespread acceptance as a viable software process assessment model. In this study, we take up CMMI, and consider the first maturity level or level 2 of the model for companies new to CMMI or just beginning to adopt CMMI in their process improvement efforts. A questionnaire based assessment method was developed primarily intended to be facilitate quick

  10. Norming Clinical Questionnaires with Multiple Regression: The Pain Cognition List

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Breukelen, Gerard J. P.; Vlaeyen, Johan W. S.

    2005-01-01

    Questionnaires for measuring patients' feelings or beliefs are commonly used in clinical settings for diagnostic purposes, clinical decision making, or treatment evaluation. Raw scores of a patient can be evaluated by comparing them with norms based on a reference population. Using the Pain Cognition List (PCL-2003) as an example, this article…

  11. The Development and Uses of the Teaching Behaviors Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchant, Gregory J.; Bowers, Norman D.

    The Teaching Behaviors Questionnaire (TBQ) was developed to inventory attitudes regarding research-based effective teaching behaviors. A ranking format was pilot tested before the final version, a Likert-type scale, was adopted. The final version of the instrument was pilot tested and used in two studies. A sample (N=500) containing teachers,…

  12. Kee Dental Care Medical History -Confidential Patient Questionnaire

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Kee Dental Care Medical History - Confidential Patient Questionnaire This provides the Dentist with important information required for your dental treatment and oral health care. Registration with the Kee Dental Care will not affect your registration with any other Dental Practice Title: Surname: First Name

  13. Factors influencing questionnaire returns from former university students

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. R. Pace

    1939-01-01

    A number of factors were discovered which influence the number of returns from a mailed questionnaire. The method of comparing early and late returns was found to be only partially adequate in studying differences between individuals who do and who do not answer.

  14. The Bilevel Structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bludworth, Jamie L.; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Glidden-Tracey, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    The structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (Lambert et al., 2001) was examined in a sample of 1,100 university counseling center clients using confirmatory factor analysis. Specifically, the relative fit of 1-factor, 3-factor orthogonal, 3-factor oblique, 4-factor hierarchical, and 4-factor bilevel models were examined. Although the 3-factor…

  15. Reported Voice Difficulties in Student Teachers: A Questionnaire Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fairfield, Carol; Richards, Brian

    2007-01-01

    As professional voice users, teachers are particularly at risk of abusing their voices and developing voice disorders during their career. In spite of this, attention paid to voice care in the initial training and further professional development of teachers is unevenly spread and insufficient. This article describes a questionnaire survey of 171…

  16. Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised: Psychometric Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Martie; Kaslow, Nadine J.; Weiss, Bahr; Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan

    1998-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire-Revised (CASQ) (N. Kaslow and S. Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) were studied with 1086 children, 9 to 12 years old. Results indicate the revised version to be somewhat less reliable than the original, but with equivalent criterion-related validity for self-reported depression.…

  17. Science Motivation Questionnaire: Construct Validation with Nonscience Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glynn, Shawn M.; Taasoobshirazi, Gita; Brickman, Peggy

    2009-01-01

    This study examined how 770 nonscience majors, enrolled in a core-curriculum science course, conceptualized their motivation to learn science. The students responded to the Science Motivation Questionnaire, a 30-item Likert-type instrument designed to provide science education researchers and science instructors with information about students'…

  18. Development, validity and responsiveness of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thys van der Molen; Brigitte WM Willemse; Siebrig Schokker; Nick HT ten Hacken; Dirkje S Postma; Elizabeth F Juniper

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The new Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines advice to focus treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on improvement of functional state, prevention of disease progression and minimization of symptoms. So far no validated questionnaires are available to measure symptom and functional state in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the

  19. Development and Validation of an Instructional Willingness to Communicate Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khatib, Mohammad; Nourzadeh, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    The current study was undertaken with the purpose of developing and validating a willingness to communicate (WTC) questionnaire for instructional language teaching and learning contexts. Six instructional WTC (IWTC) components were identified after (1) undertaking a comprehensive review of the literature on second language (L2) WTC and other…

  20. A field study of office thermal comfort using questionnaire software

    SciTech Connect

    Newsham, G.R.; Tiller, D.K. [National Research Council, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)

    1997-12-31

    Custom software to automatically administer questionnaires on computer screens was installed on computers in four open-plan offices. Five questions related to thermal comfort were presented twice per day for three months. Results indicate that this new method of subjective data collection was successful and efficient: the participants had few complaints about the method of questionnaire delivery, and a substantial literature review demonstrates that the results are comparable with results from other field studies of thermal comfort conducted using different methods. Participants responded to the questionnaire 29% of the occasions on which it could have been presented and took an average of 45 seconds to answer the five questions. Overall, the number of thermal sensation votes indicating thermal acceptability were as predicted by the ANSI/ASHRAE Standard and by the comfort theory on which this standard was based. However, the results indicate a greater sensitivity to temperatures away from the neutral temperature than theory predicts. Only 11% of the variance in thermal sensation vote was explained by indoor air temperature. Approximately 15% of the people modified their clothing in the hour prior to the appearance of the questionnaire, suggesting that clothing modification may be an important mechanism for achieving thermal comfort.

  1. Development and Validation of the Parental Authority Questionnaire – Revised

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Reitman; Paula C. Rhode; Stephen D. A. Hupp; Cherie Altobello

    2002-01-01

    Baumrind's conceptualization of parenting style has influenced research and theorizing about child-rearing for more than 30 years, yet few clinical applications of this work have been realized. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of a parenting style measure, the Parental Authority Questionnaire – Revised (PAQ-R). This project furthered the development and validation of the instrument

  2. A Reliability Generalization of the Overexcitability Questionnaire--Two

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warne, Russell T.

    2011-01-01

    Reliability generalization (RG) is a meta-analysis that combines and synthesizes reliability coefficients from different studies to ascertain the average observed reliability across studies. An RG study was conducted on previously reported data from 16 samples of the Overexcitability Questionnaire--Two (OEQII) with a combined "N" of 5,275.…

  3. Psychometric Properties of Shortened Versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Netemeyer, Richard G.; Williamson, Donald A.; Burton, Scot; Biswas, Dipayan; Jindal, Supriya; Landreth, Stacy; Mills, Gregory; Primeaux, Sonya

    2002-01-01

    Derived shortened versions of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ) (S. Hollon and P. Kendall, 1980) using samples of 434 and 419 adults. Cross-validation with samples of 163 and 91 adults showed support for the shortened versions. Overall, results suggest that these short forms are useful in measuring cognitions associated with depression.…

  4. Psychometric Properties of the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingram, Rick E.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Original data and other studies using the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATP-Q) show that the reliability and norms of the instrument appear stable and that the ATP-Q is inversely associated with negative affective states but unrelated to conditions such as medical condition not accompanied by psychological distress. (SLD)

  5. The Development and Validation of the Health Proneness Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Erickson; Fiona Stapleton; Paul Erickson; Emmy Giannokopoulos; Clare Wilson

    2006-01-01

    This series of studies describes the development, validation and potential use of the Health Proneness Questionnaire (HPQ). Recent health, wellness and illness studies focus upon the dynamic interaction between psychological and physical well-being. This newly developed scale allows practitioners to quickly screen psychological characteristics related to health and a patient's perception of their quality of life. Participants were patients in

  6. Development of a Comprehensive Heart Disease Knowledge Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bergman, Hannah E.; Reeve, Bryce B.; Moser, Richard P.; Scholl, Sarah; Klein, William M. P.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Heart disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the United States, yet a comprehensive and evidence-based heart disease knowledge assessment is currently not available. Purpose: This paper describes the two-phase development of a novel heart disease knowledge questionnaire. Methods: After review and critique of the…

  7. The Development of an Extended Course Experience Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Patrick; Coates, Hamish; McInnis, Craig; James, Richard

    2003-01-01

    Universities in Australia have been using the course experience questionnaire (CEQ) for a number of years to measure the quality of teaching. Recently, there have been increasing calls for a broader perspective that takes into account the potential of non-classroom context influences on the student learning experience. This project undertook to…

  8. Summary of Returns to the Questionnaire to Students. Appendix A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Katherine J.

    Students' answers to a questionnaire related to their participation in an alternate program at McBride School in Vancouver are summarized. The students (28 girls and 25 boys) represented a class of 144 students in the alternate programs in grades 4 through 7. (For related documents, see TM 002 487, 489.) (DB)

  9. Development of a Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges--Spanish

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cepeda-Benito, Antonio; Reig-Ferrer, Abilio

    2004-01-01

    Using 2 different samples of smokers, the authors developed and cross-validated a Spanish, brief version of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU; S. T. Tiffany & D. J. Drobes, 1991). The smokers in Study 1 (N = 245) and Study 2 (N = 225) were from the province of Alicante, Spain. In both samples, a 2-factor model provided an excellent fit for a…

  10. Measuring nicotine dependence: A review of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl-Oiov Fagerstrom; Nina G. Schneider

    1989-01-01

    In the last decade, the importance of nicotine in maintaining smoking and in cessation difficulty has been acknowledged. Consequently, this has led to efforts to measure nicotine dependence. This paper focuses on a widely used, paper-and-pencil test of nicotine dependence- the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ). The findings indicate that the FTQ correlates with other proposed measures of nicotine dependence (carbon

  11. Development and Validation of a Decision-Making Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lizarraga, Maria Luisa Sanz De Acedo; Baquedano, Maria Teresa Sanz De Acedo; Oliver, Maria Soria; Closas, Antonio

    2009-01-01

    The "Decision-Making Questionnaire" (DMQ) was developed and validated in order to examine the factors that affect decision making. The investigation was carried out with two samples, one of 170 participants and the other of 425 of both sexes. Each sample was divided into three age ranges: young students (18-25 years), adults (26-60 years), and…

  12. The Application of a Primary Science Delivery Evaluation Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewthwaite, Brian; Fisher, Darrell

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to apply a validated curriculum evaluation instrument, the "Science Curriculum Implementation Questionnaire" (SCIQ), in an educational context in which a science curriculum review had recently been completed and, by so doing, ascertain the accuracy and potential value of the instrument as a curriculum delivery…

  13. American Society of Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire 2013: Glomerulonephritis

    PubMed Central

    Perazella, Mark A.; Choi, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    The Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQ&Q) remains an extremely popular session for attendees of the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Nephrology. As in past years, the conference hall of the 2013 meeting was overflowing with interested audience members. Topics covered by expert discussants included electrolyte and acid-base disorders, glomerular disease, ESRD/dialysis, and transplantation. Complex cases representing each of these categories, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by a panel of experts. Before the meeting, program directors of United States nephrology training programs answered questions through an Internet-based questionnaire. A new addition to the NQ&Q was participation in the questionnaire by nephrology fellows. To review the process, members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. Their answers are compared in real time using audience response devices with the answers of nephrology fellows and training program directors. The correct and incorrect answers are then briefly discussed after the audience responses and the results of the questionnaire are displayed. This article recapitulates the session and reproduces its educational value for CJASN readers. Enjoy the clinical cases and expert discussions. PMID:24578330

  14. Areas of Change Questionnaire: A Practical Approach to Marital Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Margolin, Gayla; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Examines psychometric and normative questions related to the Areas of Change Questionnaire (AC) for 163 couples. Results offered support for the AC as a measure of overall marital adjustment, revealed differences according to sex and distress, and found that length of marriage influenced actual and perceived requests for change. (LLL)

  15. The Making of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duncan, Teresa Garcia; McKeachie, Wilbert J.

    2005-01-01

    The goal of this article is to discuss one of Paul Pintrich's more enduring legacies: the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), an 81-item, self-report instrument consisting of 6 motivation subscales and 9 learning strategies scales. The MSLQ has proven to be a reliable and useful tool that can be adapted for a number of…

  16. Review of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Artino, Anthony R., Jr.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a detailed overview of the development and initial validation of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). The MSLQ is an 81-item, self-report instrument designed to measure college students' motivational orientations and their use of various learning strategies (Pintrich, Smith, Garcia, &…

  17. The University of Edinburgh Gaelic Language Plan: Questionnaire Report

    E-print Network

    Hall, Christopher

    and by Bòrd na Gàidhlig, the non-departmental public body established by the Gaelic Language (Scotland) ActThe University of Edinburgh Gaelic Language Plan: Questionnaire Report Guy Puzey School of Literatures, Languages and Cultures May 2012 This research was funded by Bòrd na Gàidhlig and the University

  18. Assessment of Physical Activity by Applying IPAQ Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biernat, Elzbieta; Stupnicki, Romuald; Lebiedzinski, Bartlomiej; Janczewska, Lidia

    2008-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the suitability of the short 7-day IPAQ (self-completed) adapted to Polish population. Material and methods: Two surveys were conducted in 2005 on 296 random subjects (aged 20-60 years) from Warsaw and the Mazowiecki region. From these, 54 men and 79 women were requested to fill questionnaires, and 70 men and 93 women, were…

  19. The Sport Imagery Questionnaire for Children (SIQ-C)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, C. R.; Munroe-Chandler, K. J.; Fishburne, G. J.; Hall, N. D.

    2009-01-01

    Athletes of all ages report using imagery extensively to enhance their sport performance. The Sport Imagery Questionnaire (Hall, Mack, Paivio, & Hausenblas, 1998) was developed to assess cognitive and motivational imagery used by adult athletes. No such instrument currently exists to measure the use of imagery by young athletes. The aim of the…

  20. Examining the Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire in Chronic Pain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Renee M. Williams; Eleni G. Hapidou; Chia-Yu A. Lin; Hira Abbasi

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This study examined the relationships of a readiness to adopt a self-management approach to chronic pain, measured by the Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire (PSOCQ), with other pain-related scales in patients attending a chronic pain management program and determined if these measures changed from admission to discharge. The PSOCQ consists of four stages: Pre- contemplation, Contemplation, Action and Maintenance.

  1. 21- and 27-Item Monetary Choice Questionnaire Automated Scorers

    E-print Network

    Kaplan, Brent A.; Lemley, Shea M.; Reed, Derek D.; Jarmolowicz, David P.

    2014-01-01

    The 21- and 27-item Monetary Choice Questionnaires (MCQ; Kirby & Marakovic, 1996; Kirby, Petry, & Bickel, 1999) are among the most popular tools to assess discounting as evidenced by 346 citations for the 21-item MCQ and 909 citations for the 27...

  2. Update Questionnaire 10/2009 Page 1 of 2

    E-print Network

    Johnston, Daniel

    to radiation/biohazardous agents changed? If yes, explain. Return Questionnaire: Occupational Health Program. Noise 3. Radiation-producing devices 4. Radioisotopes 5. Lasers (class 3b or 4) Yes Yes D. Chemical. If there are no significant changes in your animal contact or hazard exposure, a visit with the occupational health nurse may

  3. Self-scrutiny of quality in higher education: a questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mantz Yorke

    1995-01-01

    Presents a short questionnaire designed to support the preparation of critical self-scrutiny of programme quality for the Funding Councils? quality assessment processes and for internal evaluative purposes. Offers some indications as to how it might be used most effectively.

  4. Item Response Modeling of Forced-Choice Questionnaires

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Anna; Maydeu-Olivares, Alberto

    2011-01-01

    Multidimensional forced-choice formats can significantly reduce the impact of numerous response biases typically associated with rating scales. However, if scored with classical methodology, these questionnaires produce ipsative data, which lead to distorted scale relationships and make comparisons between individuals problematic. This research…

  5. Tricks to translating TB transcriptomics.

    PubMed

    Deffur, Armin; Wilkinson, Robert J; Coussens, Anna K

    2015-05-01

    Transcriptomics and other high-throughput methods are increasingly applied to questions relating to tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis. Whole blood transcriptomics has repeatedly been applied to define correlates of TB risk and has produced new insight into the late stage of disease pathogenesis. In a novel approach, authors of a recently published study in Science Translational Medicine applied complex data analysis of existing TB transcriptomic datasets, and in vitro models, in an attempt to identify correlates of protection in TB, which are crucially required for the development of novel TB diagnostics and therapeutics to halt this global epidemic. Utilizing latent TB infection (LTBI) as a surrogate of protection, they identified IL-32 as a mediator of interferon gamma (IFN?)-vitamin D dependent antimicrobial immunity and a marker of LTBI. Here, we provide a review of all TB whole-blood transcriptomic studies to date in the context of identifying correlates of protection, discuss potential pitfalls of combining complex analyses originating from such studies, the importance of detailed metadata to interpret differential patient classification algorithms, the effect of differing circulating cell populations between patient groups on the interpretation of resulting biomarkers and we decipher weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), a recently developed systems biology tool which holds promise of identifying novel pathway interactions in disease pathogenesis. In conclusion, we propose the development of an integrated OMICS platform and open access to detailed metadata, in order for the TB research community to leverage the vast array of OMICS data being generated with the aim of unraveling the holy grail of TB research: correlates of protection. PMID:26046091

  6. Tricks to translating TB transcriptomics

    PubMed Central

    Deffur, Armin; Wilkinson, Robert J.

    2015-01-01

    Transcriptomics and other high-throughput methods are increasingly applied to questions relating to tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis. Whole blood transcriptomics has repeatedly been applied to define correlates of TB risk and has produced new insight into the late stage of disease pathogenesis. In a novel approach, authors of a recently published study in Science Translational Medicine applied complex data analysis of existing TB transcriptomic datasets, and in vitro models, in an attempt to identify correlates of protection in TB, which are crucially required for the development of novel TB diagnostics and therapeutics to halt this global epidemic. Utilizing latent TB infection (LTBI) as a surrogate of protection, they identified IL-32 as a mediator of interferon gamma (IFN?)-vitamin D dependent antimicrobial immunity and a marker of LTBI. Here, we provide a review of all TB whole-blood transcriptomic studies to date in the context of identifying correlates of protection, discuss potential pitfalls of combining complex analyses originating from such studies, the importance of detailed metadata to interpret differential patient classification algorithms, the effect of differing circulating cell populations between patient groups on the interpretation of resulting biomarkers and we decipher weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), a recently developed systems biology tool which holds promise of identifying novel pathway interactions in disease pathogenesis. In conclusion, we propose the development of an integrated OMICS platform and open access to detailed metadata, in order for the TB research community to leverage the vast array of OMICS data being generated with the aim of unraveling the holy grail of TB research: correlates of protection. PMID:26046091

  7. Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting

    PubMed Central

    Kristensen, Solvejg; Sabroe, Svend; Bartels, Paul; Mainz, Jan; Christensen, Karl Bang

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee’s perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data. Materials and methods The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK). The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas) across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach’s alpha (?), and item and subscale scores. Results Participation was 73.2% (N=925) of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, P<0.001, CFI 0.901, RMSEA (90% CI) 0.053 (0.050–0056), Probability RMSEA (p close)=0.057. Inter-scale correlations between the factors showed moderate-to-high correlations. The scale stress recognition had significant negative correlations with each of the other scales. Questionnaire reliability was high, (?=0.89), and scale reliability ranged from ?=0.70 to ?=0.86 for the six scales. Proportions of participants with a positive attitude to each of the six SAQ scales did not differ between the somatic and psychiatric health care staff. Substantial variability at the unit level in all six scale mean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples. Conclusion SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially a useful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals. PMID:25674015

  8. Physical Activity Questionnaire Comprehension-Lessons from Cognitive Interviews

    PubMed Central

    Altschuler, Andrea; Picchi, Teresa; Nelson, Melissa; Rogers, John D.; Hart, Jan; Sternfeld, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    Purpose To determine if respondents share researchers’ understandings of concepts and questions frequently used in the assessment of usual physical activity behavior. Methods As part of On the Move, a study aimed at reducing measurement error in self-reported physical activity (PA), we conducted cognitive interviews with 19 men and 21 women, ages 45-65, regarding their responses to the PA questionnaires used in two large, population-based studies, LACE (Life After Cancer Epidemiology) and CMH (California Men’s Health Study). One questionnaire asks about the frequency, duration, and perceived intensity of a range of specific activities in several different domains over the past 12 months. The second questionnaire asks about frequency and duration of specific, mostly recreational activities, grouped by intensity (i.e., moderate or vigorous) over the past 3 months. We used verbal probing techniques to allow respondents to describe their thought processes as they completed the questionnaires. All interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed, and the transcripts were then analyzed using standard qualitative methods. Results Cognitive interviews demonstrated that a sizable number of respondents understood “intensity” in terms of emotional or psychological intensity, rather than physical effort. As a result, the perceived intensity with which a participant reported doing a specific activity often bore little relationship to the MET value of that activity. Additionally, participants often counted the same activity more than once, overestimated work-related PA, and understood activities that were grouped together in a single category to be definitive lists rather than examples. Conclusion Cognitive interviews revealed significant gaps between respondents’ interpretations of some physical activity questions and researchers’ assumptions about what those questions were intended to measure. Some sources of measurement error in self-reported PA may be minimized by additional research that focuses on the cognitive processes required to respond to PA questionnaires. PMID:19127192

  9. Development, validity and responsiveness of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    van der Molen, Thys; Willemse, Brigitte WM; Schokker, Siebrig; ten Hacken, Nick HT; Postma, Dirkje S; Juniper, Elizabeth F

    2003-01-01

    Background The new Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines advice to focus treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on improvement of functional state, prevention of disease progression and minimization of symptoms. So far no validated questionnaires are available to measure symptom and functional state in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ). Methods Qualitative research with patients and clinicians was performed to generate possible items to evaluate clinical COPD control. Thereafter, an item reduction questionnaire was sent to 77 international experts. Sixty-seven experts responded and the 10 most important items, divided into 3 domains (symptoms, functional and mental state) were included in the CCQ (scale: 0 = best, 6 = worst). Results Cross-sectional data were collected from 119 subjects (57 COPD, GOLD stage I-III; 18 GOLD stage 0 and 44 (ex)smokers). Cronbach's ? was high (0.91). The CCQ scores in patients (GOLD 0-III) were significantly higher than in healthy (ex)smokers. Furthermore, significant correlations were found between the CCQ total score and domains of the SF-36 (? = 0.48 to ? = 0.69) and the SGRQ (? = 0.67 to ? = 0.72). In patients with COPD, the correlation between the CCQ and FEV1%pred was ? =-0.49. Test-retest reliability was determined in 20 subjects in a 2-week interval (Intra Class Coefficient = 0.94). Thirty-six smokers with and without COPD showed significant improvement in the CCQ after 2 months smoking cessation, indicating the responsiveness of the CCQ. Conclusion The CCQ is a self-administered questionnaire specially developed to measure clinical control in patients with COPD. Data support the validity, reliability and responsiveness of this short and easy to administer questionnaire. PMID:12773199

  10. Can a questionnaire predict vitamin D status in postmenopausal women?

    PubMed Central

    Nabak, Andrea C.; Johnson, Rachael Erin; Keuler, Nicholas S.; Hansen, Karen E.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Our objective was to determine whether a questionnaire can identify subjects with vitamin D insufficiency (VDI). Design Subjects completed the vitamin D and sun (VIDSUN) questionnaire and we measured their serum 25(OH)D levels. We assessed the sensitivity and specificity of the questionnaire to identify VDI (25(OH)D level <50 nmol/L). Setting Clinical Research Unit, University of Wisconsin-Madison Subjects Postmenopausal women Results We recruited 609 postmenopausal women with a mean ± SD age of 61 ± 6 years, of whom 113 (19%) had VDI. Subjects with VDI were more likely to be Black (17% vs. 2%, p<0.001), heavier (BMI 33±7 kg/m2 vs. 29±7 kg/m2, p<0.001) and less likely to tan in the past year (49% vs. 72%, p<0.001), use sunscreen (57% vs. 72%, p<0.001) or report sun exposure in the last three months. They consumed less vitamin D from supplements (86±210 vs. 188±344 IU/day, p=0.003). In logistic regression models, Black race, BMI, suntan within one year, sun exposure in the past three months, sunscreen use and supplemental vitamin D intake were the most useful questions to identify VDI. From these six items, a composite score ?2.25 demonstrated ?89% sensitivity but ?35% specificity for VDI. Conclusion The VIDSUN questionnaire provides an initial tool to identify postmenopausal women at high or low risk of VDI. Existing studies suggest that inclusion of physical activity and triglyceride levels might improve the performance of the VIDSUN questionnaire. PMID:23870503

  11. Planning a School for Translators and Interpreters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, David L.

    1975-01-01

    This article outlines guidelines for designing a school for translators and interpreters, the main points being selection of languages to be taught, curriculum planning, selection of qualified teachers and size of the student body. (CLK)

  12. Evolution in translational science: Whither the CTSAs?

    PubMed

    FitzGerald, Garret A

    2015-04-22

    Clinical and Translational Science Awards-funded institutions are naturally equipped to drive research on human phenotyping and, in turn, shape the practice of precision medicine in the clinic of the future. PMID:25904737

  13. GOAL-to-HAL translation study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Flanders, J. H.; Helmers, C. T.; Stanten, S. F.

    1973-01-01

    This report deals with the feasibility, problems, solutions, and mapping of a GOAL language to HAL language translator. Ground Operations Aerospace Language, or GOAL, is a test-oriented higher order language developed by the John F. Kennedy Space Center to be used in checkout and launch of the space shuttle. HAL is a structured higher order language developed by the Johnson Space Center to be used in writing the flight software for the onboard shuttle computers. Since the onboard computers will extensively support ground checkout of the space shuttle, and since these computers and the software development facilities on the ground use the HAL language as baseline, the translation of GOAL to HAL becomes significant. The issue of feasibility was examined and it was found that a GOAL to HAL translator is feasible. Special problems are identified and solutions proposed. Finally, examples of translation are provided for each category of complete GOAL statement.

  14. Determinants of translational efficiency in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    E-print Network

    Zinshteyn, Boris

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to elucidate the mechanisms that govern translational efficiency (TE) - the amount of protein produced from each molecule of mRNA. While the mechanisms regulating the TE of a few specific messages ...

  15. About TRP | Translational Research Program (TRP)

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Content Search this site About TRP Main Mission Personnel Organizational Chart Contact Us Last Updated: 09/13/10 About TRP NCI Organizational Structure Within the National Cancer Institute organizational structure, the Translational Research

  16. Toward a Principle-Based Translator

    E-print Network

    Dorr, Bonnie J.

    A principle-based computational model of natural language translation consists of two components: (1) a module which makes use of a set of principles and parameters to transform the source language into an annotated surface ...

  17. About TRP | Translational Research Program (TRP)

    Cancer.gov

    Skip to Content Search this site About TRP Main Mission Personnel Organizational Chart Contact Us Last Updated: 01/23/12 Mission The mission of the Translational Research Program is to integrate scientific advancements in the understanding of the

  18. Space and time from translation symmetry

    SciTech Connect

    Schwarz, A. [Department of Mathematics, University of California-Davis, California 95616-8633 (United States)

    2010-01-15

    We show that the notions of space and time in algebraic quantum field theory arise from translation symmetry if we assume asymptotic commutativity. We argue that this construction can be applied to string theory.

  19. Translating Today's Research Into Tomorrow's Cures

    E-print Network

    New Mexico, University of

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 General .Clinical .Research .CenterTranslating Today's Research Into Tomorrow's Cures An n uA l Re p oRt of Con t R AC t s A n d GR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Office of Research

  20. Psychometric analysis of the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Diabetes Self-Care inventory-revised version questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Jansà, Margarida; Vidal, Mercè; Giménez, Marga; Conget, Ignacio; Galindo, Mercedes; Roca, Daria; Colungo, Cristina; Esmatjes, Enric; Salamero, Manel

    2013-01-01

    Background The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Diabetes Self-Care Inventory-Revised Version (SCI-R) questionnaire to assess the degree of adherence to self-care among adults with diabetes. Methods We validated the Spanish and Catalan translation from, and back translation to, English and cultural adaptation of the SCI-R in type 1 diabetes patients on multiple insulin doses or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion and in type 2 diabetes patients on oral agents and/or insulin. Internal reliability, structural validity, and external validity (correlation with glycated hemoglobin) were evaluated. Responsiveness to change was assessed in patients 1 year after onset of type 1 diabetes and following a structured education program. Results The SCI-R presented good internal reliability Cronbach’s ?: 0.75, test-retest reliability (r = 0.82) and structural validity (r > 0.40). The external validity was also good; the SCI-R correlated with HbA1c in patients with type 1 diabetes on multiple insulin doses (r = ?0.50) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (r = ?0.66) and in patients with type 2 diabetes on multiple insulin doses (r = ?0.62). However, it was not satisfactory in patients on oral agents (r = ?0.20) and/or bedtime insulin (r = ?0.35). Responsiveness to change was analyzed in 54 patients (age 27.3±7.4 years, 26% men, HbA1c 6.8% ±1.1%); the SCI-R score was 72.3% ±13.7% and correlated negatively with glycated hemoglobin (r = ?0.42) and 3 scales of the Diabetes Quality of Life questionnaire (lower score indicating better perception): Impact (r = ?0.37), Social Worry (r = ?0.36) and Diabetes Worry (r = ?0.38), all at P < 0.05. Conclusion The Spanish and Catalan versions of the SCI-R questionnaire show good psychometric properties and both could be considered as useful tools for evaluating self-care behavior in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. However, there are still some subgroups of patients with type 2 diabetes in which the validity of this questionnaire needs further evaluation. PMID:24124352

  1. Local Health Department Translation Processes: Potential of Machine Translation Technologies to Help Meet Needs

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Anne M.; Mandel, Hannah; Capurro, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Limited English proficiency (LEP), defined as a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English, is associated with health disparities. Despite federal and state requirements to translate health information, the vast majority of health materials are solely available in English. This project investigates barriers to translation of health information and explores new technologies to improve access to multilingual public health materials. We surveyed all 77 local health departments (LHDs) in the Northwest about translation needs, practices, barriers and attitudes towards machine translation (MT). We received 67 responses from 45 LHDs. Translation of health materials is the principle strategy used by LHDs to reach LEP populations. Cost and access to qualified translators are principle barriers to producing multilingual materials. Thirteen LHDs have used online MT tools. Many respondents expressed concerns about the accuracy of MT. Overall, respondents were positive about its potential use, if low costs and quality could be assured. PMID:24551414

  2. Local health department translation processes: potential of machine translation technologies to help meet needs.

    PubMed

    Turner, Anne M; Mandel, Hannah; Capurro, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Limited English proficiency (LEP), defined as a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English, is associated with health disparities. Despite federal and state requirements to translate health information, the vast majority of health materials are solely available in English. This project investigates barriers to translation of health information and explores new technologies to improve access to multilingual public health materials. We surveyed all 77 local health departments (LHDs) in the Northwest about translation needs, practices, barriers and attitudes towards machine translation (MT). We received 67 responses from 45 LHDs. Translation of health materials is the principle strategy used by LHDs to reach LEP populations. Cost and access to qualified translators are principle barriers to producing multilingual materials. Thirteen LHDs have used online MT tools. Many respondents expressed concerns about the accuracy of MT. Overall, respondents were positive about its potential use, if low costs and quality could be assured. PMID:24551414

  3. Dual axis translation apparatus and system for translating an optical beam and related method

    DOEpatents

    Cassidy, Kelly (Manteca, CA)

    1991-01-01

    A dual axis translation device and system in accordance with this invention, for translating an optical beam along both an x-axis and a y-axis which are perpendicular to one another, has a beam directing means acting on said optical beam for directing the beam along a particular path transverse to said x and y axes. An arrangement supporting said beam directing means for movement in the x and y direction within a given plane is provided. The arrangement includes a first means for translating said beam directing means along the x-axis in said given plane in order to translate the beam along said x-axis. The arrangement comprises a second means for translating said beam directing means along the y-axis in said given plane in order to translate the beam along said y-axis.

  4. Is the genomic translational pipeline being disrupted?

    PubMed

    Williams, Marc S

    2015-01-01

    The translational pipeline for genomic medicine has been well defined. However, as with any rapidly changing technology, innovations are difficult to predict leading to the potential to disrupt anticipated translation. Examples of potential disruptors such as laboratory-developed tests, direct-to-consumer testing, and patient-centered research are presented. Awareness of the disruptive nature of innovative approaches is necessary if these innovations are to be incorporated into current practice. PMID:26070310

  5. Instant Translator 1.0.2

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This handy little application allows users to translate text directly from their toolbars into (and from) a number of languages, including English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Dutch, Russian, Korean, and Chinese. New languages are added regularly to the application, and this latest version also fixes bugs present in the previous version. Instant Translator 1.0.2 is compatible with all systems running Windows 98 and higher.

  6. Initiation of translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marilyn Kozak

    1999-01-01

    The mechanisms whereby ribosomes engage a messenger RNA and select the start site for translation differ between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Initiation sites in polycistronic prokaryotic mRNAs are usually selected via base pairing with ribosomal RNA. That straightforward mechanism is made complicated and interesting by cis- and trans-acting elements employed to regulate translation.Initiation sites in eukaryotic mRNAs are reached via a

  7. Internal translation of the connexin 43 transcript

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Connexin 43 (Cx43), the most widely expressed gap junction protein, is associated with a number of physiological and pathological conditions. Many functions of Cx43 have been shown to be independent of gap junction formation and only require the expression of Cx43 C-terminal fragments. Recent evidence demonstrated that naturally occurring C-terminal isoforms can be generated via internal translation. Findings Here, we confirm that C-terminal domains of Cx43, particularly the major 20-kDa isoform, can be independently generated and regulated by internal translation of the same single GJA1 gene transcript that encodes full-length Cx43. Through direct RNA transfection experiments, we provide evidence that internal translation is not due to a bona fide cap-independent IRES-mediated mechanism, as upstream ribosomal scanning or translation is required. In addition to the mTOR pathway, we show for the first time, using both inhibitors and cells from knockout mice, that the Mnk1/2 pathway regulates the translation of the main 20-kDa isoform. Conclusions Internal translation of the Cx43 transcript occurs but is not cap-independent and requires translation upstream of the internal start codon. In addition to the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway, the major 20-kDa isoform is regulated by the Mnk1/2 pathway. Our results have major implications for past and future studies describing gap junction-independent functions of Cx43 in cancer and other pathological conditions. This study provides further clues to the signalling pathways that regulate internal mRNA translation, an emerging mechanism that allows for increased protein diversity and functional complexity from a single mRNA transcript. PMID:24884945

  8. Brake Stops Both Rotation And Translation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Allred, Johnny W.; Fleck, Vincent J., Jr.

    1995-01-01

    Combination of braking and positioning mechanisms allows both rotation and translation before brake engaged. Designed for use in positioning model airplane in wind tunnel. Modified version used to position camera on tripod. Brake fast and convenient to use; contains single actuator energizing braking actions against both rotation and translation. Braking actuator electric, but pneumatic actuator could be used instead. Compact and lightweight, applies locking forces close to load, and presents minimal cross section to airflow.

  9. Mounts For Selective Rotation And Translation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, Earl R., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Blade-in-groove bearings stacked to obtain necessary degrees of freedom. Mounting system allows panels to be tilted, rotated, and translated selectively. Developed for large solar reflectors or antennas composed of hexagonal panels about 6 ft. wide and 6 in. thick. With system, each panel tilted around two axes to focus antenna. At same time, each panel translates along these axes to accommodate thermal expansion and contraction without affecting focus.

  10. WebPage Translator 1.2

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Available in a number of languages (including Chinese, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, and Russian), this helpful program allows users to translate entire Web pages from one language to another in real time. WebPage Translator also includes an embedded help guide that will assist users in effectively using the program. Compatible with all computers running Mac OS X, the program does not require installation and takes up a small amount of memory.

  11. Translational Research in Head and Neck Oncology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David S. Yoo; David M. Brizel

    \\u000a Translational research in head and neck oncology has evolved dramatically. Ongoing discoveries in basic mechanisms of cancer\\u000a biology and technological advances in both diagnostic imaging and radiation delivery have enhanced the ability to improve\\u000a treatment outcomes. The overarching goal for all translational research should be to enlarge the armamentarium from which\\u000a clinicians can rationally select the most appropriate options for

  12. Acquisition of Character Translation Rules for Supporting SNOMED CT Localizations.

    PubMed

    Miñarro-Giménez, Jose Antonio; Hellrich, Johannes; Schulz, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Translating huge medical terminologies like SNOMED CT is costly and time consuming. We present a methodology that acquires substring substitution rules for single words, based on the known similarity between medical words and their translations, due to their common Latin / Greek origin. Character translation rules are automatically acquired from pairs of English words and their automated translations to German. Using a training set with single words extracted from SNOMED CT as input we obtained a list of 268 translation rules. The evaluation of these rules improved the translation of 60% of words compared to Google Translate and 55% of translated words that exactly match the right translations. On a subset of words where machine translation had failed, our method improves translation in 56% of cases, with 27% exactly matching the gold standard. PMID:25991218

  13. Lost in Translation—Basic Science in the Era of Translational Research ?

    PubMed Central

    Fang, Ferric C.; Casadevall, Arturo

    2010-01-01

    The concept of translational research, which aims to facilitate the application of basic scientific discoveries in clinical and community settings, is currently in vogue. While there are powerful forces driving this trend, support for translational research must be accompanied by a robust investment in basic science, which provides the essential raw material for translation and continues to represent humanity's best hope to meet a wide range of public health challenges. PMID:20038540

  14. Effective knowledge management in translational medicine

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background The growing consensus that most valuable data source for biomedical discoveries is derived from human samples is clearly reflected in the growing number of translational medicine and translational sciences departments across pharma as well as academic and government supported initiatives such as Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) in the US and the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) of EU with emphasis on translating research for human health. Methods The pharmaceutical companies of Johnson and Johnson have established translational and biomarker departments and implemented an effective knowledge management framework including building a data warehouse and the associated data mining applications. The implemented resource is built from open source systems such as i2b2 and GenePattern. Results The system has been deployed across multiple therapeutic areas within the pharmaceutical companies of Johnson and Johnsons and being used actively to integrate and mine internal and public data to support drug discovery and development decisions such as indication selection and trial design in a translational medicine setting. Our results show that the established system allows scientist to quickly re-validate hypotheses or generate new ones with the use of an intuitive graphical interface. Conclusions The implemented resource can serve as the basis of precompetitive sharing and mining of studies involving samples from human subjects thus enhancing our understanding of human biology and pathophysiology and ultimately leading to more effective treatment of diseases which represent unmet medical needs. PMID:20642836

  15. [Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire to Brazilian nurses].

    PubMed

    de Campos, Mônica Chiodi-Toscano; Marziale, Maria Helena Palucci; Santos, Jair Licio Ferreira

    2013-12-01

    Study aiming to cross-culturally adapt the instrument Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian version for nurses. The adaptation process followed the Process of Translation of World Health Organization. Data for the evaluation of the psychometric properties were collected in a teaching public hospital of Ribeirão Preto in 2011. The evaluated psychometric properties were: face validity and content (group of experts), reliability by Cronbach's alpha and test-retest stability. In the evaluation of psychometric properties, the internal consistency of the HPQ adapted version, Cronbach's alpha was 0.94 for the section A and 0.86 for section B of the instrument. In analyzing the agreement of test-retest stability, the agreements were positive and statistically significant. Thus, the HPQ adapted version proved valid and reliable in the sample studied. PMID:24626359

  16. Validating the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Dutch children: psychometric properties and a cross-cultural comparison of factor structures.

    PubMed

    Sleddens, Ester F C; Kremers, Stef P J; Candel, Math J J M; De Vries, Nanne N K; Thijs, Carel

    2011-06-01

    In this article, we examined the factorial validity of the Dutch translation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) and the Very Short Form scores. In addition, we conducted cross-cultural comparisons of temperament structure. In total, 353 parents of 6- to 8-year-olds completed the instrument. The original higher order factor structure of the different CBQ forms was generally replicated and represented the three broad dimensions of temperament: Surgency/Extraversion, Negative Affectivity, and Effortful Control. For the Standard Form, results demonstrated a relatively high degree of factor similarity of the Dutch sample with other cultures (e.g., China and Japan). The findings provide evidence for applicability of the CBQ in Western Europe as a promising instrument to comprehensively assess reactive and self-regulative temperamental dimensions in young children. PMID:21381838

  17. The brief experiential avoidance questionnaire: development and initial validation.

    PubMed

    Gámez, Wakiza; Chmielewski, Michael; Kotov, Roman; Ruggero, Camilo; Suzuki, Nadia; Watson, David

    2014-03-01

    The 62-item Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ) was recently developed to assess a broad range of experiential avoidance (EA) content. However, practical clinical and research considerations made a briefer measure of EA desirable. Using items from the original 62-item MEAQ, a 15-item scale was created that tapped content from each of the MEAQ's six dimensions. Items were selected on the basis of their performance in 3 samples: undergraduates (n = 363), psychiatric outpatients (n = 265), and community adults (n = 215). These items were then evaluated using 2 additional samples (314 undergraduates and 201 psychiatric outpatients) and cross-validated in 2 new, independent samples (283 undergraduates and 295 community adults). The resulting measure (Brief Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire; BEAQ) demonstrated good internal consistency. It also exhibited strong convergence with respect to each of the MEAQ's 6 dimensions. The BEAQ demonstrated expected associations with measures of avoidance, psychopathology, and quality of life and was distinguishable from negative affectivity and neuroticism. PMID:24059474

  18. [The COPSOQ: a new French questionnaire for psychosocial risk assessment].

    PubMed

    Dupret, Emilie; Bocéréan, Christine; Teherani, Mardjane; Feltrin, Martine

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to validate the French version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ). The COPSOQ is used to assess psychosocial risk factors at work. The current French version comprises 46 items grouped in 24 scales and referring to six dimensions. The questionnaire was administered to 3,166 employees of a large French company based in ten cities of the Paris region and the provinces. The psychometric analyses (internal consistency analysis, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and concurrent validity analysis) were satisfactory and demonstrated the validity of the French version of the COPSOQ. Large amounts of data are currently being collected with a view to making comparisons between occupations and between different types of companies. PMID:23043694

  19. Factor analysis of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Posserud, Britt; Lundervold, Astri J; Steijnen, Maaike C; Verhoeven, Sophie; Stormark, Kjell Morten; Gillberg, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    The present study investigated the factor structure of parent and teacher Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) in a population of 7-9 years old children. For validation purposes, factors derived were correlated with results on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). A three-factor solution was identified on both parent and teacher ASSQ. Most of the variance was explained by one factor including measures of social function, validated by a high correlation with the SDQ peer problems scale. The second factor included measures of autism-associated problems. The items allocated to the third factor were more specific for a cognitive style typically found in high-functioning individuals with autism/Asperger syndrome. This factor did not correlate highly with any of the SDQ subscales. The results indicated that the screening efficiency of ASSQ could be increased by closer examination of the individual profile of factor scores. PMID:18178599

  20. How to use Outcome Questionnaires: Pearls and Pitfalls

    PubMed Central

    Malay, Sunitha; Chung, Kevin C.

    2012-01-01

    Outcome questionnaires are increasingly used in the current medical practice. Patient reported outcomes serve as an essential and perhaps more relevant means for assessing patients’ response to treatment than clinical measures alone. Many of the procedures performed in plastic surgery are associated with aesthetic outcomes, therefore it is pertinent to thoroughly understand the patient’s perspective of achieved results. Surgeons need to possess the knowledge and skills about outcomes assessments and understand how to apply them to improve quality of care delivered based on evidence. This paper discusses the appropriate use of outcome questionnaires to rigorously evaluate treatment methods based on patient satisfaction and the outcome measurement instruments frequently used in plastic surgery. PMID:23506766