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1

The hospital anxiety and depression scale questionnaire in physical danger and evaluation situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we analyze the variables of anxiety and depression in two different situations: a combat situation and taking an exam. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire with a sample of 621 subjects, divided in four groups, two groups of soldiers, one of them in situation of combat (SBH) and the other one on the military

José Soriano; Luis Salavert

1996-01-01

2

Anxiety and depression in cancer patients: relation between the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The emotional functioning (EF) dimension of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ C33) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) evaluate anxiety and depression. We wanted to compare cancer patients' responses to EF with those to HADS, as well as the impact of anxiety and depression on the quality

Jon Skarstein; Nina Aass; Sophie D Fosså; Eva Skovlund; Alv A Dahl

2000-01-01

3

Psychometric properties of The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and The General Health Questionnaire-20 in COPD inpatients.  

PubMed

Aim: To compare the psychometric properties between the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and General Health Questionnaire-version 20 (GHQ-20) in detecting psychological distress in COPD patients referred to pulmonary rehabilitation, and to examine the factor structure of GHQ-20. Methods: The study comprised 161 consecutive patients with mild to very severe COPD. For comparison of mean scores between the HADS and GHQ-20, one sample t-test was used. Potential differences in the detection of possible and normal cases were analysed using Pearson Chi square test. We report Pearson's correlations within and between the questionnaires, and internal consistency was assessed through Chronbach's alpha. The factor structure of the GHQ-20 was examined through principal axis factoring (PAF) with oblique rotation and eigenvalue >1. Results: There were no differences in mean scores of psychological distress between HADS and GHQ-20 (12.03 vs. 24.73, p = 0.000), as well as no differences in the prevalence of possible cases of psychological distress (34.6 vs. 36.9, p = 0.000) and normal cases (65.4 vs. 63.1, p = 0.000). The observed difference between HADS and GHQ-20 regarding internal consistency was marginal, with Chronbach's alpha coefficients of 0.91 and 0.94, respectively. The PAF analysis resulted in a three-factor solution for GHQ-20, notably with only two items loading on the third factor, giving an internal consistency <0.70. A two-factor solution, comprising anxiety/depression and coping, may therefore be more appropriate. Conclusions: This study demonstrates no significant differences between the HADS and GHQ-20 in their ability to detect possible cases of psychological distress in a rehabilitation setting for COPD patients. Although the HADS and GHQ-20 are measuring different concepts of psychological distress, both questionnaires can be recommended as screening tools for detection of psychological distress in COPD inpatients. The GHQ-20 appears to be two-dimensional, comprising anxiety/depression as one dimension, and coping as the other dimension. PMID:23713548

Bratås, Ola; Grønning, Kjersti; Forbord, Toril

2013-05-29

4

Common mental disorders and mortality in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study: comparing the General Health Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale  

PubMed Central

Background While various measures of common mental disorders (CMD) have been found to be associated with mortality, a comparison of how different measures predict mortality may improve our understanding of the association. This paper compares how the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30) predict all cause and cause-specific mortality. Methods Data on 2547 men and women from two cohorts, aged approximately 39 and 55?years, from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study who were followed up for mortality over an average of 18.9 (SD 5.0) years. Scores were calculated for HADS depression (HADS-D), HADS Anxiety (HADS-A) and GHQ-30. Cox Proportional Hazards Models were used to determine how each CMD measure predicted mortality. Results After adjusting for serious physical illness, smoking, social class, alcohol, obesity, pulse rate and living alone, HRs (95% CI) per SD increase in score for all-cause mortality were: 1.15 (1.07 to 1.25) for HADS-D; 1.13 (1.04 to 1.23) for GHQ-30 and 1.05 (0.96 to 1.14) for HADS-A. After the same adjustments, cardiovascular disease mortality was also related to HADS-D (HR 1.24 (1.07 to 1.43)), to GHQ-30 (HR 1.24 (1.11 to 1.40)) and to HADS-A (HR 1.15 (1.01 to 1.32)); respiratory mortality to GHQ-30 (HR 1.33 (1.13 to 1.55)) and mortality from other causes, excluding injuries, to HADS-D (HR 1.28 (1.05 to 1.55)). Conclusions There were associations between CMD and both all-cause and cause-specific mortality which were broadly similar for GHQ-30 and HADS-D and were still present after adjustment for important confounders and mediators.

Hannah, Mary Kathleen; Batty, G David; Benzeval, Michaela

2013-01-01

5

Development and Evaluation of the Parental Beliefs about Anxiety Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although numerous parental styles, practices, behaviors, and beliefs have been linked to childhood anxiety, specific parental\\u000a cognitions that are concurrently associated with parental and child anxiety have yet to be operationalized and measured in\\u000a a single instrument. This investigation describes the development of a parent-report questionnaire designed to assess parental\\u000a beliefs about their child’s anxiety, namely the Parental Beliefs about

Sarah E. Francis; Bruce F. Chorpita

2010-01-01

6

The Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need to assess the contribution of mood disorder, especially anxiety and depression, in order to understand the experience of suffering in the setting of medical practice. Most physicians are aware of this aspect of the illness of their patients but many feel incompetent to provide the patient with reliable information. The Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale, or

R Philip Snaith

2003-01-01

7

Detecting depressive and anxiety disorders in distressed patients in primary care; comparative diagnostic accuracy of the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Depressive and anxiety disorders often go unrecognized in distressed primary care patients, despite the overtly psychosocial nature of their demand for help. This is especially problematic in more severe disorders needing specific treatment (e.g. antidepressant pharmacotherapy or specialized cognitive behavioural therapy). The use of a screening tool to detect (more severe) depressive and anxiety disorders may be useful not

Berend Terluin; Evelien PM Brouwers; Harm WJ van Marwijk; Peter FM Verhaak; Henriëtte E van der Horst

2009-01-01

8

Rasch analysis of the dimensional structure of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) has been used extensively in cancer patients to identify psychological distress. Reports of the factor structure and screening performance of the instrument vary. Rasch models allow an assessment of the structure of a questionnaire by identifying item fit. Removal of misfitting items may improve both the dimensionality and efficacy of screening questionnaires.

A. B. Smith; E. P. Wright; R. Rush; D. P. Stark; G. Velikova; P. J. Selby

2006-01-01

9

[The COPD-Anxiety-Questionnaire (CAF): a new instrument to assess illness specific anxiety in COPD patients].  

PubMed

The study aimed to construct a questionnaire for COPD specific anxiety. Anxiety is a prevalent comorbid complication in COPD; however, assessment has focused on anxiety questionnaires in general and not on COPD related fears. Ninety-six patients with COPD (GOLD III/IV) participated in the study. Results of a principal component analysis with Varimax-rotation suggested 5 factors, jointly explaining 64.7% of variance. These factors depict: fear of social isolation, dyspnea related fear, fear of movement, fear of progression of disease, anxiety in relationships, and fear of LTOT. Satisfying internal consistencies (a=0.77-0.89) resulted for all factors. Validity analyses confirmed discriminant and convergent associations, as well as correlations with functional tests. Overall, the COPD-Anxiety-Questionnaire constitutes a reliable and valid measure to assess COPD-related fears. Moreover, it enables the early identification of COPD patients suffering from disease related anxiety. PMID:20401826

Kühl, Kerstin; Kuhn, Carina; Kenn, Klaus; Rief, Winfried

2010-04-16

10

Beyond test anxiety: Development and validation of the test emotions questionnaire (TEQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of test emotions other than test anxiety are lacking. In a series of six studies, we developed a multi-scale questionnaire assessing test-related joy, hope, pride, relief, anger, anxiety, shame, and hopelessness (Test Emotions Questionnaire, TEQ). Consisting of subscales measuring affective, cognitive, physiological, and motivational emotion components, the scales can be used to identify both trait and state test emotions,

Reinhard Pekrun; Thomas Goetz; Raymond P. Perry; Klaudia Kramer; Michaela Hochstadt; Stefan Molfenter

2004-01-01

11

The validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review the literature of the validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Method: A review of the 747 identified papers that used HADS was performed to address the following questions: (I) How are the factor structure, discriminant validity and the internal consistency of HADS? (II) How does HADS perform as a case finder for anxiety disorders

Ingvar Bjelland; Alv A Dahl; Tone Tangen Haug; Dag Neckelmann

2002-01-01

12

Can father inclusive practice reduce paternal postnatal anxiety? A repeated measures cohort study using the hospital anxiety and depression scale  

PubMed Central

Background Perinatal research on anxiety and depression has primarily focused on mothers. We have limited knowledge of fathers’ anxiety during the perinatal period yet there is evidence that the parenting capacity of a person can be compromised by anxiety and depression. The purpose of this paper is to identify the impact of a father inclusive intervention on perinatal anxiety and depression. The prime focus of the intervention was to provide education and support to fathers of breastfeeding partners with the aim of increasing both initiation and duration of breastfeeding. Methods A repeated measures cohort study was conducted during a RCT that was implemented across eight public maternity hospitals in Perth, Western Australia between May 2008 and June 2009. A baseline questionnaire which included the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was administered to all participants on the first night of their hospital based antenatal education program and was repeated at six weeks postnatal. SPSS version 17 was used for reporting descriptive results. Results The mean anxiety levels at baseline for the fathers in the intervention group (n=289) and control group (n=244) were 4.58 and 4.22 respectively. At 6?weeks postnatal (only matched pairs), intervention and control group were 3.93 and 3.79. More intervention group fathers self-rated less anxiety compared to the fathers in the control group from baseline to post test (p=0.048). Depression scores for intervention fathers at baseline (mean =1.09) and at six weeks (mean=1.09) were very similar to fathers in the control group at baseline (mean=1.11) and at six weeks (mean =1.07) with no significant changes. Conclusions Both intervention and control group fathers experienced some anxiety prior to the birth of their baby, but this was rapidly reduced at six weeks. Paternal anxiety is common to new fathers and providing them with information and strategies for problem-solving can increase their knowledge and potentially lower the risk of postnatal anxiety. Trial registration (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry ACTRN12609000667213)

2012-01-01

13

The assessment of depression and anxiety in hospitalized pediatric patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to objectively assess the psychological effects of hospitalization on children, it is necessary for psychiatric consultants to have available to them reliable, valid assessment tools. This study found that three interview rating scales of children's depression and anxiety did not discriminate between depressed and anxious patients hospitalized in a pediatric setting. These constructs may not be distinct from

Linda J. Eason; A. J. Finch; William Brasted; Conway F. Saylor

1985-01-01

14

Anxiety and Depression in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Study in a Tertiary Hospital  

PubMed Central

Anxiety and depression could reduce the quality of life, and exacerbate physical symptoms and even mortality amongst patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of anxiety and depression in patients with acute CHD. In a period from March to December 2008, the views of 108 CHD patients, hospitalized in a tertiary hospital, were solicited using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and sociodemographic questionnaires. Patients with CHD had a low level anxiety and depression scores. There was significant differences in the total HADS score of participants stratified for marital status (P=0.027) or co-morbidity of diseases (P=0.012). Also, there were significant differences in the scores of depression subscale stratified for marital status (P=0.021) or co-morbidity of disease (P=0.007). However, there was no significant difference between the total HADS score or depression subscale score of the participants stratified based on age, gender, race, education, or income. Moreover, unmarried CHD respondents possessed higher depression level compared to the married respondents, and CHD respondents with co-morbid diseases showed a high level of depression. The findings might be taken as evidence to suggest that CHD patients should be evaluated early for the detection of anxiety and depression for appropriate referral and support.

Eng, Ho Siew; Yean, Loo Chee; Das, Srijit; Letchmi, Santhna; Yee, Khor Sin; Bakar, Rohayu A; Hung, Jeliha; Choy, Choy Yin

2011-01-01

15

Detecting psychological distress in cancer patients: validity of the Italian version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and its utility as a screening\\u000a instrument for anxiety and depression in a non-psychiatric setting were evaluated. The questionnaire was administered twice\\u000a to 197 breast cancer patients randomised in a phase III adjuvant clinical trial: before the start of chemotherapy and at the\\u000a first follow-up visit.

Massimo Costantini; Marco Musso; Paola Viterbori; Francesca Bonci; Lucia Del Mastro; Ornella Garrone; Marco Venturini; Gabriella Morasso

1999-01-01

16

Death anxiety as a function of belief in an afterlife. A comparison between a questionnaire measure and a Stroop measure of death anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three groups with different kinds of beliefs about life after death (religious believers, atheists, and agnostics) were compared on a questionnaire measure of death anxiety and a Stroop task with death-related words. Although the religious believers reported less death anxiety than the atheists and the agnostics on the questionnaire measure, they did not differ from the other two groups on

Lars-Gunnar Lundh; Vidka Radon

1998-01-01

17

Screening for generalized anxiety disorder using the Penn State Worry Questionnaire: a receiver operating characteristic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined the usefulness of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) as a means of screening for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Using receiver operating characteristic analyses, the accuracy of the PSWQ in screening for GAD was examined in both clinical and analogue diagnosed GAD samples. Given high comorbidity between GAD and other emotional disorders, we also investigated the

Evelyn Behar; Oscar Alcaine; Andrea R. Zuellig; T. D. Borkovec

2003-01-01

18

Ansia e depressione nelle ospedalizzazioni Hospital anxiety and depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Objective: The study investigate the presence of depressive disorders in patient who are taken in general hospital, to prevent and reduce the risk of developing a psychological pathology (anxious-depressive symptoms). Methods: We used two tests: 1. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) by Goldberg, a self-report questionnaire, consisting of 12 items, used to estimate the probability of detecting non-psychotic mental disorders

A. R. Carone; S. D'Amore; L. Albanese; F. Craig; P. Scagliusi; M. D'Amore

19

Correlations among two self-report questionnaires for measuring DSM-defined anxiety disorder symptoms in children: the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders and the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) and the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) are recently developed self-report questionnaires for measuring DSM-IV defined anxiety disorder symptoms in children. The present study examined correlations among these measures in a large sample of Dutch school children (N=1011). Results showed that there was a strong correlation between the total anxiety scores

Peter Muris; Henk Schmidt; Harald Merckelbach

2000-01-01

20

Using the Penn State Worry Questionnaire to identify individuals with generalized anxiety disorder: a receiver operating characteristic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the use of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) to identify individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Fifty individuals with primary or secondary GAD and 114 individuals with social anxiety disorder (without GAD) completed the PSWQ. In receiver operating characteristic analyses, a score of 65 simultaneously optimized sensitivity and specificity in discriminating individuals with GAD from individuals

David M. Fresco; Douglas S. Mennin; Richard G. Heimberg; Cynthia L. Turk

2003-01-01

21

Psychometric Properties of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire for DSM-IV Among Four Racial Groups  

PubMed Central

The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-IV (GAD-Q-IV) is a self-report diagnostic measure of generalized anxiety disorder. Previous studies have established the psychometric properties of the GAD-Q-IV revealing excellent diagnostic specificity and sensitivity as well as good test-retest reliability and convergent and discriminant validity (Newman et al., 2002). Recent analyses with other measures of anxiety symptoms have revealed differences across racial or national groups. Given that the GAD-Q-IV was tested primarily on Caucasian (78%) participants, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate the psychometric properties of the GAD-Q-IV across four racial groups: African American, Caucasian, Hispanic/Latino, and Asian. A student sample of 585 undergraduate psychology students completed the GAD-Q-IV as well as other measures of anxiety symptoms. A clinical replication sample was obtained from 188 clinical participants who completed the GAD-Q-IV as part of a larger psychotherapy study. Results indicated excellent and very similar factor structures in the student sample, and similar psychometric properties across both samples across the racial groups. Implications for the use of the GAD-Q-IV across racial groups are discussed.

Robinson, Christina M.; Klenck, Suzanne C.; Norton, Peter J.

2010-01-01

22

The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire that has been developed in primary care to distinguish non-specific general distress from depression, anxiety and somatization. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate its criterion and construct validity. METHODS: Data from 10 different primary care studies have been used. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing the 4DSQ scores

Berend Terluin; Harm WJ van Marwijk; Herman J Adèr; Henrica CW de Vet; Brenda WJH Penninx; Marleen LM Hermens; Christine A van Boeijen; Anton JLM van Balkom; Jac JL van der Klink; Wim AB Stalman

2006-01-01

23

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): translation and validation study of the Iranian version  

PubMed Central

Background The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used instrument to measure psychological morbidity in cancer patients. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. Methods The English language version of the HADS was translated into Persian (Iranian language) and was used in this study. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of 167 breast cancer patients and statistical analysis was performed to test the reliability and validity of the HADS. Results In general the Iranian version of the HADS was found to be acceptable to almost all patients (99%). Cronbach's alpha coefficient (to test reliability) has been found to be 0.78 for the HADS anxiety sub-scale and 0.86 for the HADS depression sub-scale. Validity as performed using known groups comparison analysis showed satisfactory results. Both anxiety and depression sub-scales discriminated well between sub-groups of patients differing in clinical status as defined by their disease stage. Conclusion This preliminary validation study of the Iranian version of the HADS proved that it is an acceptable, a reliable and valid measure of psychological distress among cancer patients.

Montazeri, Ali; Vahdaninia, Mariam; Ebrahimi, Mandana; Jarvandi, Soghra

2003-01-01

24

A validation study of the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) in a Spanish population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aims to validate the Spanish version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and to determine the use of this tool for screening mood and anxiety disorders. Psychometric properties of the HADS were assessed in different groups of general medical outpatients attending the Hospital Clínic in Barcelona (N=385), and psychiatric diagnoses were made using DSM-IV criteria.

M. J. Herrero; J. Blanch; J. M. Peri; J. De Pablo; L. Pintor; A. Bulbena

2003-01-01

25

The patient's anxiety before seeing a doctor and her/his hospital choice behavior in China  

PubMed Central

Background The patient’s anxiety before seeing a doctor may influence her/his hospital choice behavior through various ways. In order to explore why high level hospitals were overused by patients and why low level hospitals were not fully used by patients in China, this study was set up to test whether and to what extent the patient’s anxiety before seeing a doctor influenced her/his hospital choice behavior in China. Methods This study commissioned a large-scale 2009–2010 national resident household survey (N=4,853) in China, and in this survey the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) was employed to help patients assess their anxiety before seeing a doctor. Specified ordered probit models were established to analyze the survey dataset. Results When the patient had high level of anxiety before seeing a doctor, her/his level of anxiety could not only predict that she/he was more likely to choose the high level hospital, but also accurately predict which level of hospital she/he would choose; when the patient had low level of anxiety before seeing a doctor, her/his level of anxiety could only predict that she/he was more likely to choose the low level hospital, but it couldn’t clearly predict which level of hospital she/he would choose. Conclusion The patient with high level of anxiety had the strong consistent bias when she/he chose a hospital (she/he always preferred the high level hospital), while the patient with low level of anxiety didn’t have such consistent bias.

2012-01-01

26

The Instruction set of Questionnaires can Affect the Structure of the Data: Application to Self-Rated State Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study tested the assumption that self-ratings, such as those used for measuring state anxiety, do not measure a one-dimensional transcendent entity but involve decisions based on a multi-dimensional judgment. Two groups of subjects were presented with a balanced nine-item state anxiety questionnaire. Each group received a different set of instructions (a standard set and an altered instruction set

Stéphane Vautier; Etienne Mullet; Sylvie Bourdet-loubère

2003-01-01

27

The Instruction set of Questionnaires can Affect the Structure of the Data: Application to Self-Rated State Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study tested the assumption that self-ratings, such as those used for measuring state anxiety, do not measure a one-dimensional tran- scendent entity but involve decisions based on a multi-dimensional judgment. Two groups ofsubjects were presented with a balanced nine-item state anxiety questionnaire. Each group received a different set of instructions (a standard set and an altered instruction set

Stéphane Vautier; Etienne Mullet; Sylvie Bourdet-loubère

2003-01-01

28

AB 23. Anxiety and depression in a COPD population sample from the general hospital of serres  

PubMed Central

Background The study of the frequency of anxiety and depression in patients suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and their correlation with the severity and management of the disease, the somatometric parameters, subjective dyspnea and the pulmonary function tests. Patients and methods Twenty-five consecutive patients with diagnosed COPD who visited the outpatient pulmonology clinic of General Hospital of Serres during 07-09/2012 were studied. The patients underwent spirometry, arterial blood gases analysis, 6 minute walking test (6MWD) and filled validated questionnaires for the detection of anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - STAI-Gr X-2), depression (Beck Depression Inventory - BDI-II), subjective dyspnea (MRC) and level of COPD control (COPD Assessment Test - CAT). The correlation analysis was performed using Spearman’s correlation test and the SPSS v15 software. Results The Body Mass Index (BMI) correlated negatively with BDI (r=–0.4, P<0.05). Dyspnea (MRC score) positively correlated with the presence of depression (r=0.61, P=0.001) and anxiety (r=0.6, P=0.001), with CAT score (r=0.8, P<0.001) and negatively with 6MWD (r=–0.55, P<0.007). CAT presented a positive correlation with BDI (r=0.71, P<0.001), STAI (r=0.73, P<0.001) and negative with 6MWD (r=–0.44, P=0.036). Arterial PO2 had a negative correlation with BDI (r=–0.57, P=0.003) and STAI (r=-0.41, P=0.039), whilst BDI had a positive correlation with STAI (r=0.55, P<0.001) and negative with 6MWD (r=–0.43, P=0.039). Finally, STAI score correlated negatively with 6MWD (r=–0.43, P=0.039). Conclusions Patients with a lower BMI had higher rates of depression, possibly due to the increased percentage of patients presenting an emphysematic phenotype (as derived by the data analysis from the study population). Both the subjective dyspnea feeling and the poor COPD control showed correlation with high rates of anxiety and depression, as well as with smaller walking distances in the 6 minute tests. Hypoxemia alone significantly correlated with depression and anxiety, whereas these two correlated with each other and with lower exercise capacity.

Mitka, Aikaterini; Kaimakamis, Evangelos; Katsavouni, Charoula; Bobotas, Dimitrios; Antoniadis, Antonios

2012-01-01

29

Self-Reported Acceptance of Social Anxiety Sypmtoms: Development and Validation of the Social Anxiety-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mindfulness-based interventions have been used in the treatment of social anxiety with initial success. Mindfulness is defined as an awareness and acceptance of the present moment. Acceptance when used as a coping strategy is related to reduced distress during anxiety-provoking tasks and increased willingness to experience unpleasant events. The purpose of this research was to examine acceptance, willingness and distress

Meagan B. MacKenzie

2008-01-01

30

Self-Reported Acceptance of Social Anxiety Symptoms: Development and Validation of the Social Anxiety-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mindfulness and acceptance-based interventions have been used in social anxiety treatments with initial success. Further research requires the psychometrically sound measurement of mechanisms of change associated with these treatments. This research was conducted to develop and evaluate such a measure, the Social Anxiety-Acceptance and Action…

MacKenzie, Meagan B.; Kocovski, Nancy L.

2010-01-01

31

The study on the outsourcing of Taiwan's hospitals: a questionnaire survey research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the outsourcing situation in Taiwanese hospitals and compares the differences in hospital ownership and in accreditation levels. METHODS: This research combined two kinds of methods: a questionnaire survey and the in-depth interview to two CEOs of the sample hospitals. One hospital is not-for-profit, while the other is a public hospital and

Chih-Tung Hsiao; Jar-Yuan Pai; Hero Chiu

2009-01-01

32

Screening for Depressive Disorders Using the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire Anhedonic Depression Scale: A Receiver-Operating Characteristic Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the utility of the anhedonic depression scale from the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire (MASQ-AD scale) as a way to screen for depressive disorders. Using receiver-operating characteristic analysis, we examined the sensitivity and specificity of the full 22-item MASQ-AD scale, as well as the 8- and 14-item…

Bredemeier, Keith; Spielberg, Jeffery M.; Silton, Rebecca Levin; Berenbaum, Howard; Heller, Wendy; Miller, Gregory A.

2010-01-01

33

Construct validation of the hospital anxiety and depression scale with clinical populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) attempts to measure anxiety and depression without confounding by somatic symptoms of physical disorder, and is widely used for this purpose. This paper addresses three questions about the validity of the HADS concerning its independence of physical symptoms, the extent to which its items robustly measure the identified constructs with varying clinical

Marie Johnston; Beth Pollard; Peter Hennessey

2000-01-01

34

Factor structure of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in German coronary heart disease patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) are associated with a poorer prognosis. Therefore the screening for psychological distress is strongly recommended in cardiac rehabilitation. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used screening tool that has demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity for mental disorders. METHODS: We assessed mental distress in in-patient cardiac

Jürgen Barth; Colin R Martin

2005-01-01

35

A psychometric evaluation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale during pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The utility of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) as a screening instrument for anxiety and depression during pregnancy was investigated. A maximum likelihood factor analysis was conducted on the HADS to determine its psychometric properties and utility in 100 women from two culturally diverse populations (UK and Uzbekistan) at 12-weeks and 34-weeks pregnancy. The findings suggest that the

GK Karimova; CR Martin

2003-01-01

36

Intellectual Ability and Achievement in Psychiatrically Hospitalized Children with Conduct, Anxiety, and Affective Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined intelligence quotient and academic achievement of 76 psychiatrically hospitalized children (mean age 10 years). Found relative deficit in verbal abilities for conduct-disordered children. Depressed children were characterized by underachievement. Children with anxiety disorder had lower intelligence quotient than children without anxiety

Hodges, Kay; Plow, Jean

1990-01-01

37

Associations of Preexisting Depression and Anxiety With Hospitalization in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of hospitalization and death in relation to preexisting depression and anxiety among patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cohort consisted of 799 Olmsted County, MN, residents diagnosed with CVD (myocardial infarction or heart failure) from January 1, 1979, to December 31, 2009, who completed a Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) prior to their event. The MMPI was used to identify depression and anxiety, and participants were followed up for hospitalizations and death during an average of 6.2 years. RESULTS: Depression and anxiety were identified in 282 (35%) and 210 (26%) participants, respectively. After adjustment, depression and anxiety were independently associated with a 28% (95% confidence interval [CI], 8%-51%) and 26% (95% CI, 3%-53%) increased risk of being hospitalized, respectively. Depression also conferred an increased risk of all-cause mortality of similar magnitude, whereas the hazard ratio for anxiety was not statistically significant. The combined occurrence of depression and anxiety led to a 35% (95% CI, 8%-71%) increase in the risk of hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: Among patients with CVD, both preexisting depression and anxiety, occurring on average 17 years before the CVD event, independently predict hospitalizations. In addition, the 2 conditions may act synergistically on increasing health care utilization in patients with CVD.

Chamberlain, Alanna M.; Vickers, Kristin S.; Colligan, Robert C.; Weston, Susan A.; Rummans, Teresa A.; Roger, Veronique L.

2011-01-01

38

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Depression and Anxiety in Hospitalized Cardiac Patients in Pakistan  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study examined the prevalence and risk factors for depression and anxiety in hospitalized cardiac patients in Pakistan. Methods: All patients admitted to a cardiac unit of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan over a period of eight weeks were evaluated with clinical interview using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Quality of Life (QoL) scale. Results: One hundred patients entered the study. Sixty eight met the criteria for either major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or both. A total of 87.5 percent of the entire female sample met the criteria for either a depressive disorder, an anxiety disorder or both. Patients with higher scores on HADS anxiety subscale had longer duration of cardiac illness. Patients with depression and anxiety had poor quality of life on the four domains of QoL scale. Conclusions: This study shows high prevalence of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in cardiac patients in Pakistan. Being female, a housewife, and a widow are high risk factors for developing depression and/or anxiety in this population, requiring close monitoring.

2008-01-01

39

Prevalence and risk factors for depression and anxiety in hospitalized cardiac patients in pakistan.  

PubMed

Objective: This study examined the prevalence and risk factors for depression and anxiety in hospitalized cardiac patients in Pakistan.Methods: All patients admitted to a cardiac unit of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan over a period of eight weeks were evaluated with clinical interview using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Quality of Life (QoL) scale.Results: One hundred patients entered the study. Sixty eight met the criteria for either major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or both. A total of 87.5 percent of the entire female sample met the criteria for either a depressive disorder, an anxiety disorder or both. Patients with higher scores on HADS anxiety subscale had longer duration of cardiac illness. Patients with depression and anxiety had poor quality of life on the four domains of QoL scale.Conclusions: This study shows high prevalence of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder in cardiac patients in Pakistan. Being female, a housewife, and a widow are high risk factors for developing depression and/or anxiety in this population, requiring close monitoring. PMID:19727293

Dogar, Imtiaz Ahmad; Khawaja, Imran S; Azeem, Muhammad Waqar; Awan, Huma; Ayub, Afshan; Iqbal, Javed; Thuras, Paul

2008-02-01

40

Hospital Management Systems Demonstration: The Admissions Scheduling and Control System: The Simulator Data Questionnaire.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data questionnaire is the primary method used by hospital personnel to gather the data used by the Admission Scheduling and Control System (ASCS). With the use of the ASCS, a set of procedures and allowances are designed to aid a hospital in operating...

D. R. Young P. F. Yannitelli R. A. Hamilton W. M. Hancock

1975-01-01

41

Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders in Parkinson’s disease (PD) have been found to exceed prevalence rates in the geriatric population. Anxiety\\u000a occurs more frequently in PD than in most other medical illnesses of comparable disability. Thus, anxiety may be etiologically\\u000a related to the neurobiological changes that accompany PD and not simply a behavioral reaction to chronic disability. The anxiety\\u000a disorder in PD tends

Hubert H. Fernandez; Tanya Simuni

42

What does the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) Really Measure in Liaison Psychiatry Settings?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) is a widely used and popular self-report measure that has been extensively translated and utilized in a broad variety of clinical populations. This 14-item measure has been subject to two previous reviews exploring a number of psychometric aspects of this tool. A relatively consistent finding of previous reviews of this instrument is that

Colin R. Martin

2005-01-01

43

Anonymous questionnaire survey on the knowledge and practices of hospital staff in infection control  

Microsoft Academic Search

We carried out an anonymous questionnaire survey to assess the extent to which hospital medical and nursing staff were familiar with the written policies and procedures of infection control and their intended course of action in situations where no formal policies were available. All 25 full time medical staff below the grade of consultant and 70 of 163 permanent nursing

E. T. S. Houang; R. Hurley

1997-01-01

44

Depression and Anxiety Disorders among Patients with Psoriasis: A Hospital-Based Case-Control Study  

PubMed Central

Background. Psoriasis is a common, genetically determined inflammatory and proliferative disease of the skin. Psychological stress can exacerbate the disease. This study sought to investigate the depression and anxiety disorders among patients with psoriasis and control group. Method. In this hospital-based case-control study, One hundred patients with psoriasis (case) referred to the dermatology department and 100 patients with otolaryngology problems and dermatological healthy volunteers (control) who referred to the Otolaryngology Department of Bouali Sina Hospital in Sari, Iran, in 2007 were studied. Demographic characteristics were recorded. Beck Depression Inventory and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale I-II were administered to the patients in both groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software and descriptive statistical tests. Results. From One-hundred patients in each group, 44 (45%) were men. Depression score was 67% and 12% in psoriatic patients and control, respectively. The Beck depression scores of patients with psoriasis were significantly higher than scores of the control group (P < 0.05). Based on Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Scale, anxiety was found in 45% of patients in case group and 18% of controls. Conclusion. The results revealed that psoriatic patients reported significantly higher degrees of depression and anxiety than controls. In addition, psoriatic women were more depressed than psoriatic men.

Golpour, Masoud; Hosseini, Seyed Hamzeh; Khademloo, Mohammad; Ghasemi, Maryam; Ebadi, Aghdas; Koohkan, Fatemeh; Shahmohammadi, Soheila

2012-01-01

45

Applying the revised Chinese Job Content Questionnaire to assess psychosocial work conditions among Taiwan's hospital workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  For hospital accreditation and health promotion reasons, we examined whether the 22-item Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) could\\u000a be applied to evaluate job strain of individual hospital employees and to determine the number of factors extracted from JCQ.\\u000a Additionally, we developed an Excel module of self-evaluation diagnostic system for consultation with experts.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  To develop an Excel-based self-evaluation diagnostic system for consultation

Tsair-Wei Chien; Wen-Pin Lai; Hsien-Yi Wang; Sen-Yen Hsu; Roberto Vasquez Castillo; How-Ran Guo; Shih-Chung Chen; Shih-Bin Su

2011-01-01

46

Three traditional and three new childhood anxiety questionnaires: their reliability and validity in a normal adolescent sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined the psychometrics of three traditional [i.e., the trait anxiety version of the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), and the Fear Survey Schedule for Children – Revised (FSSC-R)] and three new childhood anxiety scales [the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC), the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders

Peter Muris; Harald Merckelbach; Thomas Ollendick; Neville King; Nicole Bogie

2002-01-01

47

Development and validation of the 48-item Symptom Questionnaire (SQ-48) in patients with depressive, anxiety and somatoform disorders.  

PubMed

Self-report measures of psychological distress or psychopathology are widely used and can be easily implemented as psychiatric screening tools. Positive psychological constructs such as vitality/optimism and work functioning have scarcely been incorporated. We aimed to develop and validate a psychological distress instrument, including measures of vitality and work functioning. A patient sample with suspected depressive, anxiety, and somatoform disorders (N=242) and a reference sample of the general population (N=516) filled in the 48-item Symptom Questionnaire (SQ-48) plus a battery of observer-rated and self-report scales (MINI Plus, MADR, BAS, INH, BSI), using a web-based ROM programme. The resulting SQ-48 is multidimensional and includes the following nine subscales: Depression (MOOD, six items), Anxiety (ANXI, six items), Somatization (SOMA, seven items), Agoraphobia (AGOR, four items), Aggression (AGGR, four items), Cognitive problems (COGN, five items), Social Phobia (SOPH, five items), Work functioning (WORK, five items), and Vitality (VITA, six items). The results showed good internal consistency as well as good convergent and divergent validity. The SQ-48 is meant to be available in the public domain for Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM) and can be used as a screening/ monitoring tool in clinical settings (psychiatric and non-psychiatric), as a benchmark tool, or for research purposes. PMID:22884307

Carlier, Ingrid; Schulte-Van Maaren, Yvonne; Wardenaar, Klaas; Giltay, Erik; Van Noorden, Martijn; Vergeer, Peter; Zitman, Frans

2012-08-09

48

Dimensionality of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in Cardiac Patients: Comparison of Mokken Scale Analysis and Factor Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) measures anxiety and depressive symptoms and is widely used in clinical and nonclinical populations. However, there is some debate about the number of dimensions represented by the HADS. In a sample of 534 Dutch cardiac patients, this study examined (a) the dimensionality of the HADS using Mokken…

Emons, Wilco H. M.; Sijtsma, Klaas; Pedersen, Susanne S.

2012-01-01

49

Factor structure of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in coronary heart disease patients in three countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Depression and anxiety in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with a poorer prognosis. Therefore, the screening for psychological distress is strongly recommended in cardiac care and rehabilitation. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is a widely used screening tool that has demonstrated good sensitivity and specificity for mental disorders. The factor structure of the HADS

Colin R. Martin; David R. Thompson; Jürgen Barth

2008-01-01

50

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in Greek cancer patients: psychometric analyses and applicability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goals of workThe aim of the present study was to validate the Greek version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD) in a palliative care unit.Patients and methodsThe scale was translated with the “forward-backward” procedure to Greek. It was administered twice, with a 1-week interval, to 120 patients with advanced cancer. Together with the HAD scale, the patients also

Kyriaki Mystakidou; Eleni Tsilika; Efi Parpa; Emmanuela Katsouda; Antonis Galanos; Lambros Vlahos

2004-01-01

51

Do attachment representations predict depression and anxiety in psychiatrically hospitalized prepubertal children?  

PubMed

Thirty-six prepubertal inpatients were videotaped completing five stories thematically related to attachment experiences and classified by their attachment representations. Children also completed the Children's Depression Inventory and Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents-Revised. Mothers completed demographic questionnaires. Percentage of secure (B) attachment was only about one tenth of the normative percentage, anxious-ambivalent (C) attachment was between two and three times the normative percentage, and disorganized (D) attachment was almost twice the normative percentage. Both D attachment and the total number of disorganized story responses were associated with negative self-esteem and clinical-range depression. Anxious-avoidant (A) attachment decreased the likelihood, while C and D attachment increased the likelihood, of separation anxiety disorder. Clinical intervention needs to focus on the meaning of parental relationships represented in the child's mind, specifically the negative self-esteem and separation anxiety associated with the lack of felt security provided by the parents. PMID:22988901

Goodman, Geoff; Stroh, Martha; Valdez, Adina

2012-01-01

52

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale…

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys; Lovell, Karina; Campbell, Malcolm; Scott, Paul R.; Kendal, Sarah

2013-01-01

53

Use of a guideline based questionnaire to audit hospital care of acute asthma.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To design an audit questionnaire and pilot its use by an audit assistant to monitor inpatient management of acute asthma and to compare the care given by chest physicians and general physicians. DESIGN--Retrospective review by a chest physician and audit assistant of a random sample of 76 case records of patients by a criterion based questionnaire developed from hospital guidelines on management of acute asthma. SETTING--One district general hospital. PATIENTS--76 adult patients with acute asthma: 38 admitted with a relevant primary diagnosis between April 1988 and March 1989 and a further 38 admitted through the accident and emergency department between April 1989 and March 1990. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Conformity with recognised standards for assessment and management of acute asthma before and after the audit and by chest physicians and general physicians. RESULTS--Age and sex did not differ significantly between the different groups of patients. Overall, deviations from the guidelines occurred in recording measures of severity of asthma, emergency treatment with beta 2 agonists (60/76, 79%) and steroids (43/76, 57%), and prescription of antibiotics in accordance with at least one criterion of the guidelines (29/45, 64%). Chest physicians were more rigorous than general physicians in recording severity measures, especially serum potassium concentration (chi 2 = 3.6, df = 1, p = 0.06), emergency steroid treatment within the correct period (chi 2 = 3.9, df = 1, p = 0.05), and referral for follow up at an outpatient chest clinic. Recording of arterial blood gas tensions improved significantly between the 1988-9 and 1989-90 samples (chi 2 = 7.0, df = 1, p = 0.08). CONCLUSIONS--The questionnaire proved easy to use for both doctor and audit assistant. The audit improved few standards of care and emphasises the need for further reinforcement and feedback.

Bell, D; Layton, A J; Gabbay, J

1991-01-01

54

Rasch analysis of the hospital anxiety and depression scale (hads) for use in motor neurone disease  

PubMed Central

Background The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) is commonly used to assess symptoms of anxiety and depression in motor neurone disease (MND). The measure has never been specifically validated for use within this population, despite questions raised about the scale's validity. This study seeks to analyse the construct validity of the HADS in MND by fitting its data to the Rasch model. Methods The scale was administered to 298 patients with MND. Scale assessment included model fit, differential item functioning (DIF), unidimensionality, local dependency and category threshold analysis. Results Rasch analyses were carried out on the HADS total score as well as depression and anxiety subscales (HADS-T, D and A respectively). After removing one item from both of the seven item scales, it was possible to produce modified HADS-A and HADS-D scales which fit the Rasch model. An 11-item higher-order HADS-T total scale was found to fit the Rasch model following the removal of one further item. Conclusion Our results suggest that a modified HADS-A and HADS-D are unidimensional, free of DIF and have good fit to the Rasch model in this population. As such they are suitable for use in MND clinics or research. The use of the modified HADS-T as a higher-order measure of psychological distress was supported by our data. Revised cut-off points are given for the modified HADS-A and HADS-D subscales.

2011-01-01

55

Depression and anxiety in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: prevalence rates based on a comparison of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the hospital, Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)  

PubMed Central

Background While it is recognised that depression is prevalent in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), recent studies have also highlighted significant levels of anxiety in RA patients. This study compared two commonly used scales, the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), in relation to their measurement range and cut points to consider the relative prevalence of both constructs, and if prevalence rates may be due to scale-specific case definition. Methods Patients meeting the criteria for RA were recruited in Leeds, UK and Sydney, Australia and asked to complete a survey that included both scales. The data was analysed using the Rasch measurement model. Results A total of 169 RA patients were assessed, with a repeat subsample, resulting in 323 cases for analysis. Both scales met Rasch model expectations. Using the 'possible+probable' cut point from the HADS, 58.3% had neither anxiety nor depression; 13.5% had anxiety only; 6.4% depression only and 21.8% had both 'possible+probable' anxiety and depression. Cut points for depression were comparable across the two scales while a lower cut point for anxiety in the DASS was required to equate prevalence. Conclusions This study provides further support for high prevalence of depression and anxiety in RA. It also shows that while these two scales provide a good indication of possible depression and anxiety, the estimates of prevalence so derived could vary, particularly for anxiety. These findings are discussed in terms of comparisons across studies and selection of scales for clinical use.

2012-01-01

56

Gauging Skills of Hospital Security Personnel: a Statistically-driven, Questionnaire-based Approach  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study aims to gauge the technical and soft skills of the hospital security personnel so as to enable prioritization of their training needs. Methodology A cross sectional questionnaire based study was conducted in December 2011. Two separate predesigned and pretested questionnaires were used for gauging soft skills and technical skills of the security personnel. Extensive statistical analysis, including Multivariate Analysis (Pillai-Bartlett trace along with Multi-factorial ANOVA) and Post-hoc Tests (Bonferroni Test) was applied. Results The 143 participants performed better on the soft skills front with an average score of 6.43 and standard deviation of 1.40. The average technical skills score was 5.09 with a standard deviation of 1.44. The study avowed a need for formal hands on training with greater emphasis on technical skills. Multivariate analysis of the available data further helped in identifying 20 security personnel who should be prioritized for soft skills training and a group of 36 security personnel who should receive maximum attention during technical skills training. Conclusion This statistically driven approach can be used as a prototype by healthcare delivery institutions worldwide, after situation specific customizations, to identify the training needs of any category of healthcare staff.

Rinkoo, Arvind Vashishta; Mishra, Shubhra; Rahesuddin; Nabi, Tauqeer; Chandra, Vidha; Chandra, Hem

2013-01-01

57

A validation study of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in dierent groups of Dutch subjects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Research on the dimensional structure and reliability of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and its relationship with age is scarce. Moreover, its ecacy in deter- mining the presence of depression in dierent patient groups has been questioned. Methods. Psychometric properties of the HADS were assessed in six dierent groups of Dutch subjects (N fl 6165): (1) a

J. ORMEL; P. P. A. SLOEKERS; G. I. J. M. KEMPEN

1997-01-01

58

The Effect of Music Therapy on Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients’ Anxiety, Finger Temperature, and Electroencephalography: A Randomized Clinical Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of music therapy in reducing anxiety in hospitalized psychiatric patients.Methodology: The authors used a randomized clinical trial design and randomly allocated the 24 enrolled participants to the experimental or the control group. Patients in the experimental group received music therapy in a therapy room at a set time for 30 min each

Chyn-Yng Yang; Chiung-Hua Chen; Hsin Chu; Wen-Chun Chen; Tso-Ying Lee; Shyi-Gen Chen; Kuei-Ru Chou

2012-01-01

59

International experiences with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-A review of validation data and clinical results  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 200 published studies from most medical settings worldwide have reported experiences with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) which was specifically developed by Zigmond and Snaith for use with physically ill patients. Although introduced in 1983, there is still no comprehensive documentation of its psychometric properties. The present review summarizes available data on reliability and validity and

Christoph Herrmann

1997-01-01

60

Which factors decided general practitioners' choice of hospital on behalf of their patients in an area with free choice of public hospital? A questionnaire study  

PubMed Central

Background Parts of New Public Management-reforms of the public sector depend on introduction of market-like mechanisms to manage the sector, like free choice of hospital. However, patients may delegate the choice of hospital to agents like general practitioners (GPs). We have investigated which factors Danish GPs reported as decisive for their choice of hospital on behalf of patients, and their utilisation of formal and informal data sources when they chose a hospital on behalf of patients. Methods Retrospective questionnaire study of all of the 474 GPs practising in three counties which constituted a single uptake area. Patients were free to choose a hospital in another county in the country. The GPs were asked about responsibility for choice of the latest three patients referred by the GP to hospital; which of 16 factors influenced the choice of hospital; which of 15 sources of information about clinical quality at various hospitals/departments were considered relevant, and how often were six sources of information about waiting time utilised. Results Fifty-one percent (240 GPs) filled in and returned the questionnaire. One hundred and eighty-three GPs (76%) reported that they perceived that they chose the hospital on behalf of the latest referred patient. Short distance to hospital was the most common reason for choice of hospital. The most frequently used source of information about quality at hospital departments was anecdotal reports from patients referred previously, and the most important source of information about waiting time was the hospitals’ letters of confirmation of referrals. Conclusions In an area with free choice of public hospital most GPs perceived that they chose the hospital on behalf of patients. Short distance to hospital was the factor which most often decided the GPs’ choice of hospital on behalf of patients. GPs attached little weight to official information on quality and service (waiting time) at hospitals or departments, focusing instead on informal sources like feedback from patients and colleagues and their experience with cooperation with the department or hospital.

2012-01-01

61

An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in patients with breast cancer  

PubMed Central

Background To determine the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in patients with breast cancer and determine the suitability of the instrument for use with this clinical group. Methods A cross-sectional design was used. The study used a pooled data set from three breast cancer clinical groups. The dependent variables were HADS anxiety and depression sub-scale scores. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on the HADS to determine its psychometric properties in 110 patients with breast cancer. Seven models were tested to determine model fit to the data. Results Both factor analysis methods indicated that three-factor models provided a better fit to the data compared to two-factor (anxiety and depression) models for breast cancer patients. Clark and Watson's three factor tripartite and three factor hierarchical models provided the best fit. Conclusion The underlying factor structure of the HADS in breast cancer patients comprises three distinct, but correlated factors, negative affectivity, autonomic anxiety and anhedonic depression. The clinical utility of the HADS in screening for anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients may be enhanced by using a modified scoring procedure based on a three-factor model of psychological distress. This proposed alternate scoring method involving regressing autonomic anxiety and anhedonic depression factors onto the third factor (negative affectivity) requires further investigation in order to establish its efficacy.

Rodgers, Jacqui; Martin, Colin R; Morse, Rachel C; Kendell, Kate; Verrill, Mark

2005-01-01

62

The assessment of depression in aphasic stroke patients: the development of the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (SADQ) was developed to detect depressed mood in aphasic patients in the community. Design: Correlation analysis between new questionnaire and established measures.Setting: Patients at home.Methods: Seventy stroke patients who had been discharged from hospital were assessed on the SADQ, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Wakefield Depression Inventory. The SADQ was also

L M Sutcliffe; N B Lincoln

1998-01-01

63

Factor analyses of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale: a Bayesian structural equation modeling approach.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: The latent structure of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) has caused inconsistent results in the literature. The HADS is frequently analyzed via maximum likelihood confirmatory factor analysis (ML-CFA). However, the overly restrictive assumption of exact zero cross-loadings and residual correlations in ML-CFA can lead to poor model fits and distorted factor structures. This study applied Bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM) to evaluate the latent structure of the HADS. METHODS: Three a priori models, the two-factor, three-factor, and bifactor models, were investigated in a Chinese community sample (N = 312) and clinical sample (N = 198) using ML-CFA and BSEM. BSEM specified approximate zero cross-loadings and residual correlations through the use of zero-mean, small-variance informative priors. The model comparison was based on the Bayesian information criterion (BIC). RESULTS: Using ML-CFA, none of the three models provided an adequate fit for either sample. The BSEM two-factor model with approximate zero cross-loadings and residual correlations fitted both samples well with the lowest BIC of the three models and displayed a simple and parsimonious factor-loading pattern. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated that the two-factor structure fitted the HADS well, suggesting its usefulness in assessing the symptoms of anxiety and depression in clinical practice. BSEM is a sophisticated and flexible statistical technique that better reflects substantive theories and locates the source of model misfit. Future use of BSEM is recommended to evaluate the latent structure of other psychological instruments. PMID:23670233

Fong, Ted Chun Tat; Ho, Rainbow Tin Hung

2013-05-14

64

Frequency and Associated Factors for Anxiety and Depression in Pregnant Women: A Hospital-Based Cross-Sectional Study  

PubMed Central

Antepartum anxiety and/or depression is a major public health problem globally. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of antepartum anxiety and/or depression among pregnant women. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care hospital among pregnant women. A total of 165 pregnant women were interviewed by a clinical psychologist using HADS for assessing anxiety and/or depression and also collected information regarding sociodemographic, obstetric, family relationships, and home environment. Out of the total of 165 pregnant women about 70 percent of them were either anxious and/or depressed. The increasing age of women (P-value = 0.073), not having any live birth (P-value = 0.036), adverse pregnancy outcome in past including death of a child, stillbirth or abortion (P-value = 0.013), participant's role in household decision making (P-value = 0.013), and domestic violence (verbal or physical abuse towards mother or children by any family member) (P-value = 0.123). Our study highlights that anxiety and/or depression is quite common among pregnant women. Therefore, there is a need to incorporate screening for anxiety and depression in the existing antenatal programs and development of strategies to provide practical support to those identified.

Ali, Niloufer S.; Azam, Iqbal S.; Ali, Badar S.; Tabbusum, Ghurnata; Moin, Sana S.

2012-01-01

65

Childhood Peer Status and Adult Susceptibility to Anxiety and Depression. A 30-Year Hospital Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the extent to which sixth grade peer status could predict anxiety and/or depression in 5,242 women and 5,004 men who were born in 1953 and whose hospital records were followed up from 1973-2003. The data used was the Stockholm Birth Cohort Study. While no association could be established for men, results indicated that women…

Modin, Bitte; Ostberg, Viveca; Almquist, Ylva

2011-01-01

66

ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN PREGNANT WOMEN PRESENTING IN THE OPD OF A TEACHING HOSPITAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Recent research has shown that psychiatric disorders are more common during preg- nancy. This study was done to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression during pregnancy in females presenting in the antenatal clinic. The study also tried to find out risk factors associated with anxiety and depression in pregnancy in the above-mentioned population. Design: This was a descriptive

Niaz S; Izhar N

67

The Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM) Questionnaire Identifies Quality of Instruction as a Key Factor Predicting Academic Achievement  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION Efforts to understand environmental factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents’ perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach’s alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach’s alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%). Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%). Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology). Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Vieira, Joaquim Edson

2008-01-01

68

Motion sickness and anxiety.  

PubMed

Ninety-four Israeli pilot trainees completed a battery of anxiety related questionnaires: Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale, EPQ, 16PF, and Spielberger's State and Trait Anxiety Scores. Self reports and flight instructor observations of motion sickness symptoms were collected after initial flights. No significant correlations were found between these two sources. Anxiety scores derived from the battery of anxiety questionnaires were correlated with self reports of motion sickness but not with instructor observations. Discussion focused on the potential limitations of external observers in assessing motion sickness, the convergence of anxiety assessments, and the overlap between anxiety and motion sickness symptoms. Methodological and practical implications conclude the review. PMID:3178620

Fox, S; Arnon, I

1988-08-01

69

Measuring relational aspects of hospital care in England with the 'Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation' (PEECH) survey questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objectives To first, validate in English hospitals the internal structure of the ‘Patient Evaluation of Emotional Care during Hospitalisation’ (PEECH) survey tool which was developed in Australia and, second, to examine how it may deepen the understanding of patient experience through comparison with results from the Picker Patient Experience Questionnaire (PPE-15). Design A 48-item survey questionnaire comprising both PEECH and PPE-15 was fielded. We performed exploratory factor analysis and then confirmatory factor analysis using a number of established fit indices. The external validity of the PEECH factor scores was compared across four participating services and at the patient level, factor scores were correlated with the PPE-15. Setting Four hospital services (an Emergency Admissions Unit; a maternity service; a Medicine for the Elderly department and a Haemato-oncology service) that contrasted in terms of the reported patient experience performance. Participants Selection of these acute service settings was based on achieving variation of the following factors: teaching hospital/district general hospital, urban/rural locality and high-performing/low-performing organisations (using results of annual national staff and patient surveys). A total of 423 surveys were completed by patients (26% response rate). Results A different internal structure to the PEECH instrument emerged in English hospitals. However, both the existing and new factor models were similar in terms of fit. The correlations between the new PEECH factors and the PPE-15 were all in the expected direction, but two of the new factors (personal interactions and feeling valued) were more strongly associated with the PPE-15 than the remaining two factors (feeling informed and treated as an individual). Conclusions PEECH can help to build an understanding of complex interpersonal aspects of quality of care, alongside the more transactional and functional aspects typically captured by PPE-15. Further testing of the combined instrument should be undertaken in a wider range of healthcare settings.

Murrells, Trevor; Robert, Glenn; Adams, Mary; Morrow, Elizabeth; Maben, Jill

2013-01-01

70

A Manipulative Study of the Effect of Instructional Set on the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Questionnaire Measures of Trait and State Anxiety: A Comparative Factor Analytic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One group of subjects responded to an anxiety battery according to their general feelings and then according to their feeling under anxiety-related simulations. A control group received no special instructions. Analysis of variance of factor scores indicated that simulations altered level of state anxiety but not trait anxiety. (Author/JKS)

Bartsch, Thomas W.

1976-01-01

71

Berlin questionnaire study in surgical patient in Alzahra Hospital in year 2010  

PubMed Central

Background: To examine the prevalence of high-risk subjects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its predictive factors in patients undergoing elective surgery by using the Berlin Questionnaire. Materials and Methods: 300 surgical ASA physical status I, II, III, and IV patients were surveyed. Patients were screened with the Berlin questionnaire for obstructive sleep apnea. Data of sex, age, BMI and HTN also evaluated. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test and P < 0.05 was meaningful. Results: The Berlin questionnaire identified 25.3% (76/300) of patients as being at high risk of sleep apnea (95% confidence interval, 20%-28%). This group consisted of 195 (65%) males and 105 (35%) females. The prevalence of high-risk subjects in men were more significantly than women (P = 0.001). High-risk subjects also were increasing with age (P = 0.000) and increasing with obesity (P = 0.000) and arterial hypertension (P = 0.000). Conclusions: Predictors of high risk for OSA-related symptoms were female sex, age more than 50 years, and body mass index.

Amra, Babak; Saberpur, Shahhin; Ghoharian, Vahid; Tabatabai, Sayed Abbas; Akbari, Mojtaba; Beni, Batool Hashemi

2013-01-01

72

Questionnaire survey of working relationships between nurses and doctors in University Teaching Hospitals in Southern Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Smooth working relationships between nurses and doctors are necessary for efficient health care delivery. However, previous studies have shown that this is often absent with negative impact on the quality of health care delivery. In 2002, we studied factors that affect nurse-doctor working relationships in University Teaching Hospitals (UTH) in Southern Nigeria in order to characterize it and identify

Roseline I Ogbimi; Clement A Adebamowo

2006-01-01

73

The Influence Of Pregnancy Knowledge On Primiparas' Anxiety During The Last Trimester Of Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to investigate the relationships between women's knowledge of pregnancy, labor, delivery, neonatal behavior and early parenting skills and their anxiety during their third trimester of pregnancy. Eighty primiparous, married women were selected from childbirth education preparation courses offered at hospitals in Dade County, Florida.Women completed the Pregnancy Information Questionnaire (PIQ) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.

Sherilyn Mara Adler

1985-01-01

74

The assessment of low mood in stroke patients with aphasia: reliability and validity of the 10-item Hospital version of the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire (SADQH-10)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the psychometric properties of an observational screening measure of depressive symptoms (SADQH-10; 10-item Hospital version of the Stroke Aphasic Depression Questionnaire) for use in stroke patients with aphasia and to determine the convergent and divergent validity of the SADQH-10.Design: Cross-sectional cohort.Setting: Hospital and community.Participants: Stroke patients with aphasia (n = 165) were recruited through hospital wards and

Christine S Cobley; Shirley A Thomas; Nadina B Lincoln; Marion F Walker

2012-01-01

75

The Multidimensionality of Fear of Pain: Construct Independence for the Fear of Pain Questionnaire-Short Form and the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale20  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current fear-anxiety-avoidance models of chronic pain emphasize pain-related fear and anxiety as potential precursors for disabling chronic pain; however, anxiety and fear are often used interchangeably when discussing pain. Fear is a present-oriented emotive state associated with an imminent threat (eg, a patient about to receive an injection), whereas anxiety is a more general, future-oriented emotive state, that occurs in

R. Nicholas Carleton; Gordon J. G. Asmundson

2009-01-01

76

The British Sign Language Versions of the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale  

PubMed Central

The present study is aimed to translate 3 widely used clinical assessment measures into British Sign Language (BSL), to pilot the BSL versions, and to establish their validity and reliability. These were the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS). The 3 assessment measures were translated into BSL and piloted with the Deaf signing population in the United Kingdom (n = 113). Participants completed the PHQ-9, GAD-7, WSAS, and Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation–Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) online. The reliability and validity of the BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been examined and were found to be good. The construct validity for the PHQ-9 BSL version did not find the single-factor solution as found in the hearing population. The BSL versions of PHQ-9, GAD-7, and WSAS have been produced in BSL and can be used with the signing Deaf population in the United Kingdom. This means that now there are accessible mental health assessments available for Deaf people who are BSL users, which could assist in the early identification of mental health difficulties.

Rogers, Katherine D.

2013-01-01

77

Is pregnancy anxiety a distinctive syndrome?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveAssessment of general anxiety during pregnancy may underestimate anxiety specifically related to pregnancy. Pregnancy anxiety rather than general anxiety has been shown to predict birth outcome and neuroendocrine changes during pregnancy. Therefore, a questionnaire on pregnancy anxieties was used to test their structure, and to examine their associations with general anxiety and depression.

Anja C. Huizink; Eduard J. H. Mulder; Pascale G. Robles de Medina; Gerard H. A. Visser; Jan K. Buitelaar

2004-01-01

78

Work-related critical incidents in hospital-based health care providers and the risk of post-traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression: A meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This meta-analysis reviewed existing data on the impact of work-related critical incidents in hospital-based health care professionals. Work-related critical incidents may induce post-traumatic stress symptoms or even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression and may negatively affect health care practitioners’ behaviors toward patients. Nurses and doctors often cope by working part time or switching jobs. Hospital administrators and health

Anja Lok; Ellen van’t Verlaat; Hugo J. Duivenvoorden; Arnold B. Bakker; Bert J. Smit

2011-01-01

79

An Analysis of the Validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale as a Screening Tool in Patients with Advanced Metastatic Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depression is difficult to diagnose in the terminally ill patient. As a result, it frequently is not treated. This has can have an adverse effect on quality of life and make the palliation of physical symptoms more difficult. In an effort to improve the detection of depression, many palliative care teams are using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale

Mari Lloyd-Williams; Trevor Friedman; Nicky Rudd

2001-01-01

80

Anxiety, burnout and coping styles in general hospital staff exposed to workplace aggression: A cyclical model of burnout and vulnerability to aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although an increasing problem, the aggression ( physical assault, threatening behaviour and verbal aggression) directed toward general hospital staff rather than staff in psychiatric institutions has not been widely investigated. The present study first compared anxiety, coping styles and burnout according to the frequency of aggressive experiences. Second, a sub-sample was examined to determine any immediate after-effects from aggressive encounters.

Sue Winstanley; Richard Whittington

2002-01-01

81

Adjunctive use of monthly physician questionnaires for surveillance of surgical site infections after hospital discharge and in ambulatory surgical patients: Report of a seven-year experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report our experience with the use of monthly physician questionnaires, in conjunction with traditional in-house monitoring, for surveillance of surgical site infections (SSIs) in inpatients after hospital discharge and in ambulatory surgical patients (i.e., those not requiring perioperative hospitalization) over a 7-year period (July 1988 to June 1995) involving 156,977 surgical procedures. The mean annual response rate was 73%

Farrin A. Manian; Lynn Meyer

1997-01-01

82

Statistics Anxiety, Trait Anxiety, Learning Behavior, and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the relationship between statistics anxiety, individual characteristics (e.g., trait anxiety and learning strategies), and academic performance. Students enrolled in a statistics course in psychology (N = 147) filled in a questionnaire on statistics anxiety, trait anxiety, interest in statistics, mathematical…

Macher, Daniel; Paechter, Manuela; Papousek, Ilona; Ruggeri, Kai

2012-01-01

83

Statistics Anxiety, Trait Anxiety, Learning Behavior, and Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated the relationship between statistics anxiety, individual characteristics (e.g., trait anxiety and learning strategies), and academic performance. Students enrolled in a statistics course in psychology (N = 147) filled in a questionnaire on statistics anxiety, trait anxiety, interest in statistics, mathematical…

Macher, Daniel; Paechter, Manuela; Papousek, Ilona; Ruggeri, Kai

2012-01-01

84

Death Anxiety as a Function of Aging Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess how different facets of aging anxiety contributed to the prediction of tangible and existential death anxiety, 167 Americans of various Christian denominations completed a battery of questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses, controlling for demographic variables and previously demonstrated predictors of death anxiety, revealed that the aging anxiety dimensions of physical appearance concern and fear of losses each positively predicted

Jeremy P. Benton; Andrew N. Christopher; Mark I. Walter

2007-01-01

85

Questionnaire survey of hospitals in Saitama Prefecture regarding the shortage of 99m Tc-labeled radiopharmaceuticals and 99 Mo\\/ 99m Tc generators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective and methods  A questionnaire survey was conducted at all 32 hospitals in Saitama Prefecture to investigate the current difficult situation\\u000a in terms of nuclear medicine management in the face of the 99mTc shortage due to insufficient supply, and 29 hospitals (90.6%) replied.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Of the 29, 15 (51.7%) reported a reduction in the number of nuclear medicine studies performed due to

Shigeru Kosuda; Hiroko Tomita; Katsumi Hayashi; Tamotsu Kita; Katsumi Koike; Takashi Arai

2010-01-01

86

Evaluating the Quality of Pain Management in a Hospital Setting: Testing the Psychometric Properties of the Icelandic Version of the Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Pain management is an important aspect of providing quality health care, and monitoring patient-related outcomes is a recommended quality improvement practice. Valid and reliable tools are needed for this purpose. The American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ) is widely used to measure quality of pain management. The APS-POQ was recently revised to reflect advances in pain management. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the revised version in Icelandic patients in the hospital setting. The questionnaire was translated according to an adaptation of Brislin's model. Data were collected from 143 patients on 23 wards in a university hospital. Participants were ?18 years old, hospitalized for >24 hours, alert, not too ill to participate, and in pain ?1 on a 0-10 scale in the past 24 hours. Mean (SD) age was 66 (18) years, 51.4% were women, 48.6% men. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation confirmed a five-component structure, but four items lowered reliability and were removed from the scales. The final version consists of four components, with Cronbach ? >.70, explaining 64.2% of the variance. Participants had little difficulty in answering the questionnaire, but two additional items about participation in decisions and pain medications were added in response to patients' comments and suggestions. Administering the Icelandic version of the APS-POQ-R was found to be feasible, and the questionnaire has acceptable construct validity and reliability. The results support the use of the APS-POQ-R-I to evaluate the quality of pain management in hospitals in Iceland. PMID:23318415

Zoëga, Sigridur; Ward, Sandra; Gunnarsdottir, Sigridur

2012-09-24

87

Work-related critical incidents in hospital-based health care providers and the risk of post-traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression: a meta-analysis.  

PubMed

This meta-analysis reviewed existing data on the impact of work-related critical incidents in hospital-based health care professionals. Work-related critical incidents may induce post-traumatic stress symptoms or even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression and may negatively affect health care practitioners' behaviors toward patients. Nurses and doctors often cope by working part time or switching jobs. Hospital administrators and health care practitioners themselves may underestimate the effects of work-related critical incidents. Relevant online databases were searched for original research published from inception to 2009 and manual searches of the Journal of Traumatic Stress, reference lists, and the European Traumatic Stress Research Database were conducted. Two researchers independently decided on inclusion and study quality. Effect sizes were estimated using standardized mean differences with 95% confidence intervals. Consistency was evaluated, using the I(2)-statistic. Meta-analysis was performed using the random effects model. Eleven studies, which included 3866 participants, evaluated the relationship between work-related critical incidents and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Six of these studies, which included 1695 participants, also reported on the relationship between work-related critical incidents and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Heterogeneity among studies was high and could not be accounted for by study quality, character of the incident, or timing of data collection. Pooled effect sizes for the impact of work-related critical incidents on post-traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression were small to medium. Remarkably, the effect was more pronounced in the longer than in the shorter term. In conclusion, this meta-analysis supports the hypothesis that work-related critical incidents are positively related to post-traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety, and depression in hospital-based health care professionals. Health care workers and their supervisors should be aware of the harmful effects of critical incidents and take preventive measures. PMID:21696873

de Boer, Jacoba; Lok, Anja; Van't Verlaat, Ellen; Duivenvoorden, Hugo J; Bakker, Arnold B; Smit, Bert J

2011-05-30

88

Personality traits and computer anxiety as predictors of Y2K anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an investigation of predictors of Y2K anxiety, 127 adults completed a questionnaire that assessed computer anxiety as well as several personality traits. It was hypothesized that Y2K anxiety would be associated with higher levels of trait anxiety, desire for control, intolerance of ambiguity, and computer anxiety. Religiosity, computer use, age, and gender were included as exploratory variables. Multiple regression

Susan B Goldstein; Erin A Dudley; Christina M Erickson; Noella L Richer

2002-01-01

89

Death Anxiety as a Function of Aging Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To assess how different facets of aging anxiety contributed to the prediction of tangible and existential death anxiety, 167 Americans of various Christian denominations completed a battery of questionnaires. Multiple regression analyses, controlling for demographic variables and previously demonstrated predictors of death anxiety, revealed that…

Benton, Jeremy P.; Christopher, Andrew N.; Walter, Mark I.

2007-01-01

90

Anxiety and threat perception abnormalities in normal children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined the relationship between childhood anxiety and threat perception abnormalities. 105 children (aged 8-13 yrs) were exposed to stories reflecting 3 types of anxiety: social anxiety, separation anxiety, and generalized anxiety. From children's reactions to the stories, a number of threat perception indices were derived. Children's level of anxiety was assessed by means of questionnaires and a structured diagnostic interview.

Peter Muris; Merel Kindt; Susan Bogels; Harald Merckelbach; Bjorn Gadet; Veronique Moulaert

2000-01-01

91

Investigating Students' Foreign Language Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates Indonesian students' foreign language anxiety. It seeks to find out the types of anxiety experienced by FL learners and the strategies they use to cope with their anxiety. Questionnaires with a Likert scale ranging from disagree to agree were used to collect data. The findings revealed that the majority of students, despite their gender and level differences,

Ardi Marwan

2007-01-01

92

Preoperative anxiety as a predictor of mortality and major morbidity in patients aged >70 years undergoing cardiac surgery.  

PubMed

The present study examined the association between patient-reported anxiety and postcardiac surgery mortality and major morbidity. Frailty Assessment Before Cardiac Surgery was a prospective multicenter cohort study of elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass surgery and/or valve repair or replacement) at 4 tertiary care hospitals from 2008 to 2009. The patients were evaluated a mean of 2 days preoperatively with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, a validated questionnaire assessing depression and anxiety in hospitalized patients. The primary predictor variable was a high level of anxiety, defined by a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale score of ? 11. The main outcome measure was all-cause mortality or major morbidity (e.g., stroke, renal failure, prolonged ventilation, deep sternal wound infection, or reoperation) occurring during the index hospitalization. Multivariable logistic regression analysis examined the association between high preoperative anxiety and all-cause mortality/major morbidity, adjusting for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk, age, gender, and depression symptoms. A total of 148 patients (mean age 75.8 ± 4.4 years; 34% women) completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. High levels of preoperative anxiety were present in 7% of patients. No differences were found in the type of surgery and Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk across the preoperative levels of anxiety. After adjusting for potential confounders, high preoperative anxiety was remained independently predictive of postoperative mortality or major morbidity (odds ratio 5.1, 95% confidence interval 1.3 to 20.2; p = 0.02). In conclusion, although high levels of anxiety were present in few patients anticipating cardiac surgery, this conferred a strong and independent heightened risk of mortality or major morbidity. PMID:23245838

Williams, Judson B; Alexander, Karen P; Morin, Jean-François; Langlois, Yves; Noiseux, Nicolas; Perrault, Louis P; Smolderen, Kim; Arnold, Suzanne V; Eisenberg, Mark J; Pilote, Louise; Monette, Johanne; Bergman, Howard; Smith, Peter K; Afilalo, Jonathan

2013-01-01

93

Knowledge and Practices of Obtaining Informed Consent for Medical Procedures among Specialist Physicians: Questionnaire Study in 6 Croatian Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess physicians’ knowledge and practices for obtaining patients’ informed consent to medical procedures. Methods An anonymous and voluntary survey of knowledge and practices for obtaining informed consent was conducted among 470 physicians (63% response rate) working in 6 hospitals: 93 specialists in anesthesiology, 166 in internal medicine, and 211 in surgery. Results Only 54% physicians were acquainted with the fact that the procedure for obtaining consent was regulated by the law. Internists and surgeons were better informed than anesthesiologists (P?=?0.024). More than a half of respondents (66%) were familiar with the fact that a law on patient rights was passed in Croatia; there were no differences among different specialties (P?=?0.638). Only 38% of the physicians were fully informed about the procedure of obtaining consent. Internists and surgeons provided detailed information to the patient in 33% of the cases and anesthesiologists in 16% of the cases (P?hospitals (P???0.05 for all questions). Conclusion Physicians in Croatia have no formal education on informed consent and implement the informed consent process in a rather formal manner, regardless of the type of hospital or medical specialty. Systemic approach at education and training at the national level is needed to improve the informed consent process.

Jukic, Marko; Kvolik, Slavica; Kardum, Goran; Kozina, Slavica; Tomic, Ana; Juraga

2009-01-01

94

Components of School Anxiety: Developmental Trends and Sex Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two studies examined age and sex differences in scores on Dunn's School Anxiety Questionnaire and on "worry-emotionality" questionnaire for third through eighth graders. Data support the multidimensional approach to the study of school anxiety. (GO)|

Morris, Larry W.; And Others

1976-01-01

95

Anxiety and the Anxiety Disorders.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Papers presented at Sterling Forest Conference Center, New York in September 1982 on anxiety and anxiety disorders are presented. The Volume is a series of interrelated statements about research on anxiety and the anxiety disorders by many of the leading ...

A. H. Tuma J. D. Maser

1985-01-01

96

Baccalaureate nursing students' experiences of anxiety producing situations in the clinical setting.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical experiences of nursing students that were anxiety provoking and examine the relationship between the level of trait anxiety and the clinical experience that produced anxiety in nursing students. A descriptive correlational design collected data from 61 nursing students in their last semester of the baccalaureate nursing program using survey questionnaires that captured demographic data and included the Trait Anxiety Scale and the Clinical Experience Assessment form. Analyses of data indicate that 36% of the students experienced a moderate level of anxiety. Clinical experiences related to arriving late, being observed by instructors, responding to initial experiences, having a fear of making mistakes, and talking to physicians were the most anxiety producing for these students. A significantly positive relationship (r = .40, p < .05) was found between the trait anxiety and clinical experience that was anxiety producing. A higher level of perceived anxiety accompanied the following clinical experiences; being observed by instructors (F = 3.44, p = .04), doing beforehand in-hospital preparation (F = 4.46, p < .02), asking questions of faculty (F = 4.38, p < .02), being evaluated by faculty (F = 3.37, p < .04), and reporting to team leader (F = 3.60, p < .05). The most anxiety producing clinical experiences in nursing students before graduation are evaluated with descriptive data. Results would provide useful insights for faculty and senior nursing students involved in clinical practice, and have implications for education, further research, and clinical support. PMID:12785605

Kim, Kimberly H

2003-04-01

97

Characterizing Anxiety in Melanoma Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Over half of melanoma patients experience significantly elevated anxiety levels leading to psychological distress and delays in diagnosis and treatment. Objective: To identify melanoma patients likely to experience high levels of anxiety, we characterized the contributing factors and coping strategies and investigated potential anxiety-alleviating interventions. Method: Surveys were sent to 94 melanoma patients at Women’s College Hospital’s Pigmented Lesion

Sharif B. Missiha; Nowell Solish

2003-01-01

98

Anxiety symptoms among Chinese nurses and the associated factors: a cross sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Nurses are an indispensable component of the work force in the health care system. However, many of them are known to work in a stressful environment which may affect their mental well-being; the situation could be worse in rapidly transforming societies such as China. The purpose of this study was to investigate anxiety symptoms and the associated factors in Chinese nurses working in public city hospitals. Methods A cross-sectional survey was performed for Chinese nurses in public city hospitals of Liaoning Province, northeast China. Seven hospitals in different areas of the province were randomly selected for the study. The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale was used to measure anxiety symptoms. Effort-reward imbalance questionnaire and Job Content Questionnaire were used to assess the work stressors. Univariate analysis and stepwise multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to identify the factors associated with anxiety symptoms. Results All registered nurses in the seven city hospitals, totaling 1807 registered nurses were surveyed. Of the returned questionnaires, 1437 were valid (79.5%) for analysis. Utilizing the total raw score???40 as the cut-off point, the prevalence of anxiety symptoms in these nurses was 43.4%. Demographic factors (education, chronic disease and life event), lifestyle factors (regular meals and physical exercise), work conditions (hospital grade, job rank, monthly salary, nurse-patient relationships, job satisfaction and intention of leaving), job content (social support and decision latitude), effort-reward imbalance and overcommitment were all significantly related to the anxiety symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed main factors associated with anxiety symptoms were lower job rank (OR 2.501), overcommitment (OR 2.018), chronic diseases (OR 1.541), worse nurse-patient relationship (OR 1.434), higher social support (OR 0.573), lower hospital grade (OR 0.629), taking regular meals (OR 0.719) and higher level of job satisfaction (OR 0.722). Conclusions A large proportion of Chinese nurses working in public city hospitals had anxiety symptoms, which warrants immediate investigation and intervention from the hospital administrators. Meanwhile, results of the study suggest that proper counseling, promotion of healthy lifestyle behavior and improvements to the social environment in the work place may be helpful toward reducing or preventing the anxiety symptoms.

2012-01-01

99

The role of depressive versus anxiety-related cognitive factors in social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

University students (n=154) were administered questionnaires assessing symptoms and cognitive\\/personality variables related to depression, anxiety and perfectionism. These measures were used to predict scores on the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS), a measure of generalized social anxiety, and the Social Phobia Scale (SPS), a measure of performance anxiety [Mattick, R. P., & Clarke, J. C. (1998) Development and validation of

G. Ron Norton; Kristin Buhr; Brian J Cox; Peter J Norton; John R Walker

2000-01-01

100

[Cultural adaptation and argentine validation of the northwick park neck pain questionnaire in the hospitals of the autonomous city of Buenos Aires].  

PubMed

Objetive: To make cultural adaptation and validation of the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) in Argentina, determining its psychometric properties in patients with neck pain of mechanical origin referred to the physiotherapy Service at D. F. Santojanni Hospital. Materials and Methods: autorization of original author of the NPQ was requested. Then we make the linguistic adaptation and pilot study. Psychometric analyses included test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient), validity (Pearson correlation coefficient NPQ-Visual Analog Scale, VAS), internal consistency (Cronbach Coefficient Alpha) and sensibility to change (paired t test). Sixty patients were inclueed from September 2007 to February 2009 with mechanical neck pain. The variables percentage of disability (NPQ) and pain (VAS) were measured on the day of admission, 24 hours later and when the patient was discharged. Results: Twenty six patients completed the study, 4 were eliminated and 30 did not complete the 3rd measurement. We get a good test-retest reliability (CCI 0,8979) and a high internal consistency (Cronbach Coefficient Alpha 0,86). Validity obtained a good correlation (r=0,678). Sensitivity to change was good (r=0,661). Conclusion: The NPQ is a valid, reliable and sensitive instrument to assess disability associated with neck pain of mechanical origin in patients treated at the hospitals of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. PMID:24067591

Aguirre, Mariana V; Rodriguez, Matias G; Clarett, Nartin; Iribarne, Juan I; Martinez, Marianela; Battistotti, Romina; Lopez de Arcaute, Ana S; Adarves, Romina; Orsini, Esteban

2013-01-01

101

MANIFEST ANXIETY IN BRONCHIAL ASTHMA  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Using a vernacular adaptation of MAS 50 bronchial asthma patients were compared with 102 normals, 60 hospital general out-patients and 50 neurotics to determine the level of anxiety in asthma. The manifest anxiety scores of the bronchial asthma patients were found to be significantly high showing that their level of anxiety was abnormally higher in comparison with that of the normals and the hospital general out-patients. The bronchial asthmatics and the neurotics did not differ in anxiety. The implications of these findings were discussed.

Sreedhar, Krishna Prasad

1989-01-01

102

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SLEEP DISTURBANCE AND DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, AND FUNCTIONING IN COLLEGE STUDENTS  

PubMed Central

Background Sleep disturbance (SD) has complex associations with depression, both preceding and following the onset and recurrence of depression. We hypothesized that students with depressive symptoms with SD would demonstrate a greater burden of comorbid psychiatric symptoms and functional impairment compared to students with depressive symptoms without SD. Methods During a mental health screening, 287 undergraduate students endorsed symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI] ? 13) and filled out the following self-report measures: demographic questionnaire, BDI, Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire—intensity and frequency (ASQ), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (QLESQ), and the Massachusetts General Hospital Cognitive and Physical Functioning Questionnaire (CPFQ). SD was measured using the BDI sleep item #16 dichotomized (score 0: no SD; or score > 0: some SD). Results Students with depressive symptoms and SD (n = 220), compared to those without SD (n = 67), endorsed significantly more intense and frequent anxiety and poorer cognitive and physical functioning. Students with depressive symptoms with and without SD did not significantly differ in depressive severity, hopelessness, or quality of life. Conclusions College students with depressive symptoms with SD may experience a greater burden of comorbid anxiety symptoms and hyperarousal, and may have impairments in functioning, compared to students with depressive symptoms without SD. These findings require replication. Depression and Anxiety 00:1–8, 2013.

Nyer, Maren; Farabaugh, Amy; Fehling, Kiki; Soskin, David; Holt, Daphne; Papakostas, George I.; Pedrelli, Paola; Fava, Maurizio; Pisoni, Angela; Vitolo, Ottavio; Mischoulon, David

2013-01-01

103

Fear of fear and the anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The responses of 271 outpatients with diagnoses of agoraphobia with panic attacks, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or depression (major depressive disorder or dysthymic disorder) to the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ) and the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) were examined. Agoraphobics scored significantly higher than all other groups on fear of body sensations associated with anxiety. In

Dianne L. Chambless; Edward J. Gracely

1989-01-01

104

Attention Bias Modification Treatment for Pediatric Anxiety Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Objective While attention bias modification (ABM) is a promising novel treatment for anxiety disorders, clinical trial data remain restricted to adults. The authors examined whether ABM induces greater reductions in pediatric anxiety symptoms and symptom severity than multiple control training interventions. Method From a target sample of 186 treatment-seeking children at a hospital-based child anxiety clinic, 40 patients with an ongoing anxiety disorder who met all inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Children were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: ABM designed to shift attention away from threat; placebo attention training using stimuli identical to those in the ABM condition; and placebo attention training using only neutral stimuli. All participants completed four weekly 480-trial sessions (1,920 total trials). Before and after the attention training sessions, children’s clinical status was determined via semistructured interviews and questionnaires. Reduction in the number of anxiety symptoms and their severity was compared across the three groups. Results Change in the number of anxiety symptoms and their severity differed across the three conditions. This reflected significant reductions in the number of anxiety symptoms and symptom severity in the ABM condition but not in the placebo attention training or placebo-neutral condition. Conclusions ABM, compared with two control conditions, reduces pediatric anxiety symptoms and severity. Further study of efficacy and underlying mechanisms is warranted.

Eldar, Sharon; Apter, Alan; Lotan, Daniel; Edgar, Koraly Perez; Naim, Reut; Fox, Nathan A.; Pine, Daniel S.; Bar-Haim, Yair

2012-01-01

105

Heart-related anxieties in relation to general anxiety and severity of illness in cardiology patients.  

PubMed

Absence of an adequate reason for anxiety is a criterion for pathological anxiety. However, the presence of danger or fear-provoking stimuli may even be a risk factor for anxiety and does not exclude that there is additionally pathological anxiety too. The question is, to what degree can heart-related anxiety be explained by the severity of illness or trait anxiety? Two hundred and nine patients (37.8% women) from a cardiology inpatient unit completed the Heart-Anxiety-Questionnaire, Progression-Anxiety-Questionnaire, Job-Anxiety-Scale and the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory. The severity of cardiac illness was rated by the treating cardiologists using the Multidimensional Severity of Morbidity Rating. Time absent from work due to sickness was assessed as an indicator for illness-related impairment. Heart anxiety was significantly related to progression anxiety and, to a lesser extent, trait anxiety and indicators of subjective symptoms of somatic illness. No association was found with medical ratings for prognosis, multimorbidity, or reduction in life expectancy. Heart-related anxiety is a symptom of an anxiety disorder. Although partially dependent on subjective suffering, it cannot be explained by the severity of medical illness. Treatment of health-related anxieties should focus on how to cope with subjective symptoms of illness. PMID:23473360

Muschalla, Beate; Glatz, Johannes; Linden, Michael

2013-03-11

106

Pregnant Turkish women with low income: Their anxiety, health-promoting lifestyles, and related factors.  

PubMed

This paper presents anxiety levels, health-promoting lifestyles and related factors among pregnant Turkish women with low income. A descriptive correlation and cross-sectional study was conducted at a state maternity hospital in Western Turkey. The paper reports on the data (n?=?195) from the Spielberg State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP) and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The average HPLP score was low (mean 2.57, SD 0.42). The average STAI score was high (40.67?±?9.48; 46.40?±?8.09, respectively). A significant relation was detected between the trait anxiety, state anxiety, antenatal visit, perception of social support, living environment, family type and HPLP (P?

Kavlak, Oya; Atan, Senay Unsal; Sirin, Ahsen; Sen, Emine; Guneri, Sezer Er; Dag, Hande Yagcan

2013-05-29

107

The impact of anxiety on sexual arousal in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of state anxiety, trait anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity on physiological and self-report measures of sexual arousal and sexual function in a non-clinical sample of women. Physiological sexual responses to an erotic stimulus were assessed using vaginal photoplethysmography, and subjective reactions were measured using questionnaires. Results suggested a curvilinear relationship between state anxiety and physiological sexual

Andrea Bradford; Cindy M. Meston

2006-01-01

108

The Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to assess patients' anxiety level and information requirement in the pre- operative phase. During routine preoperative screen- ing, 320 patients were asked to assess their anxiety and information requirement on a six-item questionnaire, the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS). Two hundred patients also completed Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI- State). Patients

Nelly Moerman; Martin J. Muller; Hans Oosting

1996-01-01

109

Questionnaire-based survey on structural quality of hospitals and nursing homes for the elderly, their staffing with infection control personal, and implementation of infection control measures in Germany  

PubMed Central

From January to May 2012, 1,860 hospitals throughout Germany received a questionnaire encompassing 77 items. Additionally, 300 outpatient care services and 310 nursing homes for elderly in Berlin also received a 10-item questionnaire asking on their implemented infection control practices. All questionnaires were anonymous. A total of 229 completed questionnaires from hospitals, 14 questionnaires from outpatient care services, and 16 questionnaires from nursing homes were eligible for further analysis. The lack of Infection Control physicians was identified as the largest issue. In hospitals sized 400–999 beds a gap of 71%, and in hospitals sized ?1,000 beds a gap of 17% was reported. Depending on the number of hospital beds, 13–29% of hospitals sized ?100 beds reported not havening one infection control nurse. Since based on the number of beds in larger institutions or in facilities caring for high-risk patients several infection control nurses may be required, the deficiency in infection control nurses may even be higher, particularly in secondary and tertiary care facilities. Furthermore, the analysis revealed that the legal requirements for surveillance and reporting of notifiable infectious diseases have not yet been implemented in 11% of the facilities. The implementation of antibiotic strategies did show significant gaps. However, deficiencies in the implemented measures for the prevention of surgical site infections were less frequent. Yet 12% of the participants did not have a dedicated infection control concept for their surgical services. Eight percent of hospitals were not prepared for an outbreak management and 10% did not have established regulations for wearing surgical scrubs. Deficiencies in waste disposal and the control of air-conditioning systems were also noted. Based on the results of this survey, conclusions on the optimal resource allocation for further improvement of patient safety may be drawn. While all participating nursing homes had some sort of infection control consultation, this only applied to 12 out of 16 outpatient nursing services. However, all 16 nursing services worked on the basis of an implemented infection control plan. Though legally binding hygiene recommendations have not yet been implemented for nursing homes, the necessity of infection control to assure patient safety has obviously been recognised throughout these services.

Kramer, A.; Assadian, O.; Helfrich, J.; Kruger, C.; Pfenning, I.; Ryll, S.; Perner, A.; Loczenski, B.

2013-01-01

110

'Why I feel bad': Refinement on the effects of prostate cancer upon lifestyle questionnaire and an initial exploration of its links with anxiety and depression among prostate cancer patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To psychometrically refine a standardized scale for identifying those lifestyle changes that were most likely to contribute to anxiety and depression among prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Methods: Three hundred and eighty-one PCa patients who had received their initial diagnosis between one and 96 months completed a survey of background variables, anxiety and depression inventories and the 36-item Effects of

Christopher F. Sharpley; Vicki Bitsika; David R. H. Christie

2009-01-01

111

Anxiety among school age children suffering from asthma.  

PubMed

The aim of the present work was to study anxiety among school age students suffering from asthma. The study was conducted on a total number of 146 asthmatic preparatory school students, attending the asthma clinic in Sporting Students' Hospital in Alexandria Governorate. The study was performed during the period from June to September 1997. A matching control of 223 non-asthmatic students from the preparatory school in the East educational zone in Alexandria Governorate were also included in the study. The study was carried out through a cross-sectional approach. A structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data about, the general characteristics of the sample, interpersonal and inter-parental relationships, school performance and the attitude and behavior of mothers towards their asthmatic children. The Arabic version of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used to identify children with anxiety state. The present result revealed that 24.7% of the asthmatic students were anxious, with a higher preponderance among boys than girls (26.6%, 21.2%, respectively). Bad interpersonal and inter-parental relationships had increased the risk of occurrence of anxiety state among asthmatic children. Also, poor scholastic achievement was more encountered among asthmatics who had anxiety. The development of asthma education programs to increase parents', children's and teachers' awareness of asthma symptoms and asthma trigger events was recommended. PMID:17219855

Tayel, K Y; Attia, M S; Mounier, G M; Naguib, K M

2000-01-01

112

Laxative withdrawal and anxiety in bulimia nervosa.  

PubMed

Symptoms of anxiety can be prominent during treatment of bulimia nervosa. Our experience is that bulimics who abuse laxatives have the most prominent symptoms of anxiety. We conducted ratings of anxiety in 23 bulimics who purge with laxatives and 17 who purge by vomiting. We found that the laxative-abusing group had higher levels of state but not trait anxiety and that they were more likely to be treated with medication for anxiety during hospitalization. These data suggest an association between laxatives and anxiety in bulimia nervosa. PMID:7757094

Weltzin, T E; Bulik, C M; McConaha, C W; Kaye, W H

1995-03-01

113

Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function  

PubMed Central

Background To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR), i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. Methods We administered the questionnaire to 440 participants (?: N = 316, ?: N = 124): 95 patients with breast cancer, 49 with colorectal cancer, 60 with diabetes mellitus, 39 with coronary heart disease, 28 with rheumatological conditions, 32 with Hashimoto's disease, 22 with multiple morbidities and 115 healthy people. We administered the questionnaire a second time to 50.2% of the participants. External convergence criteria included the German version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), a short questionnaire on morningness-eveningness, the Herdecke Quality of Life Questionnaire (HLQ) and a short version questionnaire on self-regulation. Results A principal component analysis yielded a three dimensional 18-item inventory of aR. The subscales orthostatic-circulatory, rest/activity and digestive regulation had internal consistency (Cronbach-?: r? = 0.65 – 0.75) and test-retest reliability (rrt = 0.70 – 85). AR was negatively associated with anxiety, depression, and dysmenorrhoea but positively correlated to HLQ, self-regulation and in part to morningness (except digestive aR) (0.49 – 0.13, all p < 0.05). Conclusion An internal validation of the long-version scale of aR yielded consistent relationships with health versus illness, quality of life and personality. Further studies are required to clarify the issues of external validity, clinical and physiological relevance.

Kroz, M; Feder, G; von Laue, HB; Zerm, R; Reif, M; Girke, M; Matthes, H; Gutenbrunner, C; Heckmann, C

2008-01-01

114

Prevalence and Clinical Factors of Anxiety and Depression in Neurally Mediated and Unexplained Syncope  

PubMed Central

Purpose Several studies have demonstrated that psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, depression and panic attack are associated with syncope, especially vasovagal and unexplained syncope (US). The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of anxiety and depression between patients with neurally mediated syncope (NMS) and US and to investigate the clinical factors associated with anxiety and depression. Materials and Methods Between January 2009 and March 2010, 383 patients with syncopal episodes completed a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale questionnaire to assess symptoms of anxiety and depression. Inclusion criteria were NMS and US. Exclusion criteria were cardiac syncope, orthostatic hypotension and other disorders mimicking syncope. After exclusion, 199 patients were included. Results There were 176 (88.4%) NMS patients and 23 (11.6%) US patients. The prevalence of abnormal anxiety and depression were not significantly different between the NMS and US groups (10.2% vs. 8.7%, p=0.99; 8.5% vs. 17.4%, p=0.24). Clinical factors associated with anxiety were female gender (p=0.01) and six or more recurrent syncopal episodes (p=0.01) by univariate analysis. The only factor associated with abnormal anxiety score (OR=20.26, 95% CI: 1.4-291.6, p=0.01) was more than six recurrent syncopal episodes, while a positive head-up tilt table testing response was inversely associated with abnormal depression score (OR=0.28, CI: 0.08-0.97, p=0.04) in the multiple logistic regression analysis. Conclusion Anxiety was associated with frequent syncopal episodes. Thus, anxiety might be considered in the management of syncope patients.

Lee, Sung Ho; Park, Seung-Jung; Byeon, Kyeongmin; On, Young Keun; Yim, Hye Ran

2013-01-01

115

Anxiety and depression in association with morbid obesity: changes with improved physical health after duodenal switch  

PubMed Central

Background Patients with morbid obesity have an increased risk for anxiety and depression. The "duodenal switch" is perhaps the most effective obesity surgery procedure for inducing weight loss. However, to our knowledge, data on symptoms of anxiety and depression after the duodenal switch are lacking. Furthermore, it has been hypothesized that self-reported physical health is the major predictor of symptoms of depression in patients with morbid obesity. We therefore investigated the symptoms of anxiety and depression before and after the duodenal switch procedure and whether post-operative changes in self-reported physical health were predictive of changes in these symptoms. Methods Data were assessed before surgery (n = 50), and one (n = 47) and two (n = 44) years afterwards. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were assessed by the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale", and self-reported physical health was assessed by the "Short-Form 36" questionnaire. Linear mixed effect models were used to investigate changes in the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Correlation and linear multiple regression analyses were used to study whether changes in self-reported physical health were predictive of post-operative changes in the symptoms of anxiety and depression. Results The symptom burden of anxiety and depression were high before surgery but were normalized one and two years afterwards (P < 0.001). The degree of improvement in self-reported physical health was associated with statistically significant reductions in the symptoms of anxiety (P = 0.003) and depression (P = 0.004). Conclusions The novelty of this study is the large and sustained reductions in the symptoms of anxiety and depression after the duodenal switch procedure, and that these changes were closely associated with improvements in self-reported physical health.

2010-01-01

116

Correlates of anxiety and depression among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus  

PubMed Central

Context: Research has established the relation between diabetes and depression. Both diabetes and anxiety/depression are independently associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Aims: The present study aims at assessing the prevalence of anxiety/depression among outpatients receiving treatment for type 2 diabetes. Settings and Design: The study was conducted in the endocrinology outpatient department of an urban tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: The instruments used included a semi-structured questionnaire, HbA1c levels, fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose, Brief Patient Health Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis was carried out using the SPSS version 16.0. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to find out the correlations. ANOVA was carried out for the in between group comparisons. Results: There was a significant correlation between the HADS-Anxiety scale and Body Mass Index (BMI) with a correlation coefficient of 0.34 (P = 0.008). Also, a significant correlation existed between HADS-Depression scale and BMI (correlation coefficient, 0.36; P = 0.004). Significant correlation were observed between the duration of daily physical exercise and HADS-Anxiety (coefficient of correlation, -0.25; P = 0.04) scores. HADS-Anxiety scores were found to be related to HbA1c levels (correlation-coefficient, 0.41; P = 0.03) and postprandial blood glucose levels (correlation-coefficient, 0.51; P = 0.02). Conclusions: Monitoring of biochemical parameters like HbA1c and postprandial blood glucose levels and BMI could be a guide to development of anxiety in these patients. Also, physical exercise seems to have a protective effect on anxiety in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Balhara, Yatan Pal Singh; Sagar, Rajesh

2011-01-01

117

The prevalence and correlates of adult separation anxiety disorder in an anxiety clinic  

PubMed Central

Background Adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) has been identified recently, but there is a paucity of data about its prevalence and associated characteristics amongst anxiety patients. This study assessed the prevalence and risk factor profile associated with ASAD in an anxiety clinic. Methods Clinical psychologists assigned 520 consecutive patients to DSM-IV adult anxiety subcategories using the SCID. We also measured demographic factors and reports of early separation anxiety (the Separation Anxiety Symptom Inventory and a retrospective diagnosis of childhood separation anxiety disorder). Other self-report measures included the Adult Separation Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (ASA-27), the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS-21), personality traits measured by the NEO PI-R and the Work and Social Adjustment Scale. These measures were included in three models examining for overall differences and then by gender: Model 1 compared the conventional SCID anxiety subtypes (excluding PTSD and OCD because of insufficient numbers); Model 2 divided the sample into those with and without ASAD; Model 3 compared those with ASAD with the individual anxiety subtypes in the residual group. Results Patients with ASAD had elevated early separation anxiety scores but this association was unique in females only. Except for social phobia in relation to some comparisons, those with ASAD recorded more severe symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, higher neuroticism scores, and greater levels of disability. Conclusions Patients with ASAD attending an anxiety clinic are highly symptomatic and disabled. The findings have implications for the classification, clinical identification and treatment of adult anxiety disorders.

2010-01-01

118

The impact of anxiety on sexual arousal in women  

PubMed Central

This study examined the impact of state anxiety, trait anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity on physiological and self-report measures of sexual arousal and sexual function in a non-clinical sample of women. Physiological sexual responses to an erotic stimulus were assessed using vaginal photoplethysmography, and subjective reactions were measured using questionnaires. Results suggested a curvilinear relationship between state anxiety and physiological sexual arousal (vaginal pulse amplitude; VPA). Trait anxiety and anxiety sensitivity were correlated with self-reported sexual arousal outside the laboratory. The findings may be interpreted in light of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) influences on sexual arousal and potential cognitive interference mechanisms associated with anxiety.

Bradford, Andrea; Meston, Cindy M.

2010-01-01

119

Anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety symptoms and disorders are common in community settings and in primary and secondary care. Symptoms can be mild and transient, but many people are troubled by severe symptoms that cause great personal distress, and which impair social and occupational function. The societal burden associated with anxiety disorders is considerable, but many of those who might benefit from treatment are

David S. Baldwin; Khalil I. Ajel; Matthew J. Garner

2008-01-01

120

Anxiety Disorders  

MedlinePLUS

... is the best treatment approach for many people. How to Get Help for Anxiety Disorders If you think you have an anxiety disorder, the first person you should see is your family doctor. A physician can determine whether the symptoms that alarm ...

121

Internet Anxiety among Foreign Language Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little attention has been paid to the demotivating potential of new technologies in foreign language research. Thus, this study aims to investigate Internet anxiety among foreign language learners and to determine the relationships between Internet anxiety and certain variables. A background questionnaire, an Internet information test, and an…

Aydin, Selami

2011-01-01

122

Teachers' computer anxiety: implications for professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in society's expectations mean that school teachers need to be able to use computers in education with minimal anxiety. Some 350 primary and secondary school teachers completed a questionnaire that identified sources of computer anxiety and provided teachers with the opportunity to suggest solutions. The teachers were very supportive of the use of computers in education, but reported moderately

Glenn Russell; Graham Bradley

1997-01-01

123

Relevance of anxiety in clinical practice of Guillain-Barr? syndrome: a cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Illness is often associated with anxiety, but few data exist about the prognostic significance of this phenomenon. To address this issue, we assessed whether patient anxiety is associated with subsequent need for intubation in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Design Incident case-cohort study. Setting Acute secondary care in a teaching hospital (France) from 2006 to 2010. Participants 110 adult GBS patients. Either language barrier or cognitive decline that precluded understanding was considered as exclusion criteria. Primary outcome Acute respiratory failure. Interventions At admission, anxiety and clinical factors (including known predictors of respiratory failure: delay between GBS onset and admission, inability to lift head, vital capacity (VC)) were assessed and related to subsequent need for mechanical ventilation (MV). Anxiety was assessed using a Visual Analogical Scale (VAS), the State Anxiety Inventory form Y1 (STAI-Y1) score and a novel-specific questionnaire, evaluating fears potentially triggered by GBS. Patients were asked to choose which they found most stressful from weakness, pain, breathlessness and uncertainty. Results 23 (22%) were subsequently ventilated. Mean STAI-Y1 was 47.2 (range 22–77) and anxiety VAS 5.2 (range 0–10). STAI was above 60/80 in 22 (21%) patients and anxiety VAS above 7/10 in 28 (27%) patients. Fear of remaining paralysed, uncertainty as to how the disease would progress and fear of intubation were the most stressful. Factors significantly associated with anxiety were weakness and bulbar dysfunction. STAI-Y1 was higher and uncertainty more frequent in subsequently ventilated patients, who had shorter onset-admission delay and greater weakness but not a lower VC. Uncertainty was independently associated with subsequent MV. Conclusions Early management of patients with GBS should evaluate anxiety and assess its causes both to adjust psychological support and to anticipate subsequent deterioration.

Sharshar, Tarek; Polito, Andrea; Porcher, Raphael; Merhbene, Takoua; Blanc, Morgane; Antona, Marion; Durand, Marie-Christine; Friedman, Diane; Orlikowski, David; Annane, Djillali; Marcadet, Marie-Helene

2012-01-01

124

Anxiety in undergraduate research methods courses: its nature and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study reported in this article examines the nature of anxiety that undergraduate students experience in a research methods course and explores some of the factors that influence their anxiety levels. Two questionnaires measuring the attitudes towards research and the anxiety level were administered to 472 students enrolled in a research methods course at the University of Cyprus between the

Elena C. Papanastasiou; Michalinos Zembylas

2008-01-01

125

Social Anxiety Factors: Relation to Introversion and Neuroticism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to place research on social anxiety in proper perspective, the factors actually measured by social anxiety scales must be examined. Five social anxiety scales and four personality questionnaires were administered to college undergraduates (N=78). Factor analyses of the data revealed two distinct factors. The first factor, to which…

Morris, Larry W.; Gilliland, Jack C.

126

Psychological adaptation to ICDs and the influence of anxiety sensitivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-nine patients scheduled for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation completed self-report psychological questionnaires prior to surgery and at 2, 4 and 6 months after surgery. The most common psychological problem identified was anxiety, with clinically significant cases based on the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) ranging between 26% and 34%. Clinically significant depression ranged between 8% and 20%. Anxiety

Jim Lemon; Sarah Edelman

2007-01-01

127

College students' social anxiety associated with stress and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mediator effects of social anxiety on college students' life stress and mental health. METHODS: 1430 college students were tested by revised Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEO), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ12) and social anxiety scale chose from Self Consciousness Scale. RESUTL AND ANALYSIS: The college students' stressors were related to social anxiety and mental health.

Shi Kan; Jiang Nan; Chen Xuefeng; Wang Zhen; Gao Jing; Hu Weipeng

2010-01-01

128

The Relationship Between Fear of Death and Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies examining fear of death and anxiety have consistently shown these constructs to be positively related. Although several measures of anxiety have been examined, fear of death has always been treated unidimensionally. The present research was an attempt to examine eight types of fear of death in relation to two types of anxiety. Questionnaire data were collected from 375 male

Jon W. Hoelter; Janice A. Hoelter

1978-01-01

129

The anxiety disorder spectrum  

PubMed Central

This review considers recent research assessing psychophysiological reactivity to fear imagery in anxiety disorder patients. As in animal subjects, fear cues prompt in humans a state of defensive motivation in which autonomic and somatic survival reflexes are markedly enhanced. Thus, a startle stimulus presented in a fear context yields a stronger (potentiated) reflex, providing a quantitative measure of fearful arousal. This fear potentiation is further exaggerated in specific or social phobia individuals when viewing pictures or imagining the phobic object. Paradoxically, fear imagery studies with more severe anxiety disorder patients—panic disorder with agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, or anxious patients with comorbid depression—show a blunted, less robust fear potentiated response. Furthermore, this reflex blunting appears to systematically be more pronounced over the anxiety disorder spectrum, coincident with lengthier chronicity, worsening clinician-based judgments of severity and prognosis, and increased questionnaire-based indices of negative affectivity, suggesting that normal defensive reactivity may be compromised by an experience of long-term stress.

Lang, Peter J.; McTeague, Lisa M.

2008-01-01

130

Expecting That Alcohol Use Will Reduce Social Anxiety Moderates the Relation Between Social Anxiety and Alcohol Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the hypothesis that social anxiety and alcohol outcome expectancies interact in relating to the quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption. Two hundred twenty-nine undergraduates completed self-report questionnaires. The results showed situational specificity of alcohol expectancies. Expecting that alcohol would reduce anxiety in social situations moderated the relation between social anxiety and alcohol consumption; no such moderating effect was

Giao Q. Tran; David A. F. Haaga; Dianne L. Chambless

1997-01-01

131

Parents' cognitions and expectations about their pre-school children: The contribution of parental anxiety and child anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relative associations between parent and child anxiety and parents' cognitions about their children. One hundred and four parents of children aged 3-5 years completed questionnaires regarding their own anxiety level, their child's anxiety level and their cognitions about the child, specifically parents' expectations about child distress and avoidance, and parents' perceived control over child mood and

Rebecca Wheatcroft; Cathy Creswell

2007-01-01

132

The Measurement of Technology Anxiety  

PubMed Central

The growing amount of medical technology on nursing units prompted a study of the anxiety experienced by nurses toward medical equipment. A Likert-type instrument was developed as a self-report questionnaire to assess this emotional response. Testing was conducted on two groups of student nurses, and evaluation of the tool determined that it was both reliable and valid.

Pillar, Barbara

1985-01-01

133

College English Writing Affect: Self-Efficacy and Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a research project into the self-efficacy and anxiety of college English students at four universities in China. A total of 738 participants completed a questionnaire measuring self-efficacy and anxiety in writing in English. This was immediately followed by a writing task. The questionnaire used a seven point Likert type…

Woodrow, Lindy

2011-01-01

134

College English Writing Affect: Self-Efficacy and Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a research project into the self-efficacy and anxiety of college English students at four universities in China. A total of 738 participants completed a questionnaire measuring self-efficacy and anxiety in writing in English. This was immediately followed by a writing task. The questionnaire used a seven point Likert type…

Woodrow, Lindy

2011-01-01

135

Physiological correlates of anxiety in children with gender identity disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Internalizing psychopathology, anxiety in particular, is assumed to contribute to the development of gender Identity disorder\\u000a (GID). Until now, anxiety has only been reported in studies using parent-report questionnaires; physiological correlates of\\u000a anxiety have not been studied. In this study we assessed anxiety and stress in children with GID by measuring their cortisol,\\u000a heart rate (HR) and skin conductance levels

Madeleine S. C. Wallien; Stephanie H. M. van Goozen; Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis

2007-01-01

136

Mathematics Anxiety and Test Anxiety: Separate Constructs?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used correlational and confirmatory factor analytic techniques to examine the relationship between measures of the constructs of mathematics anxiety and test anxiety. Findings from 321 college students suggest that mathematics anxiety and test anxiety may be separate phenomena, although the conceptual uniqueness of mathematics anxiety requires…

Kazelskis, Richard; Reeves, Carolyn; Kersh, M. E.; Bailey, Gahan; Cole, Katherine; Larmon, Marilyn; Hall, Lew; Holliday, D. C.

2000-01-01

137

Maternal anxiety predicts favourable treatment outcomes in anxiety-disordered adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Method: Participants consisted of 127 children and 51 adolescents with a primary anxiety diagnosis. Children were randomly assigned to a standardized group CBT or individual CBT; adolescents received individual CBT. Parents received four training sessions. Participants were evaluated at pre- and post-treatment with a clinical interview and with self- and parent-reported questionnaires. Lifetime anxiety and mood disorders in parents were

J. S. Legerstee; A. C. Huizink; W. van Gastel; J. M. Liber; P. D. A. Treffers; F. C. Verhulst; E. M. W. J. Utens

2008-01-01

138

Factors Related to Anxiety in University Students in Japan and China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated factors related to anxiety in 290 Japanese and 295 Chinese university students. The students answered four commonly used questionnaires. The Japanese students scored higher on the anxiety scale than the Chinese students. In addition, this study examined the differences between students with high and low anxiety in both countries. Students with low anxiety in both Japan and

Junko Tsujino; Mayumi Higa; Xinying Huang; Tadashi Inuihara

2002-01-01

139

Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research  

PubMed Central

Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases), we performed reliability and exploratory factor analyses, and correlated the 16-item instrument with external measures such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire, and autonomic regulation questionnaire. Results The 16-item pool had a very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948) and satisfying/good (rrt = 0.796) test-retest reliability after 3 months. Exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 sub-constructs: (1) Ability to change behaviour in order to reach goals, and (2) Achieve satisfaction and well-being. Both sub-scales correlated well with quality of life aspects, particularly with Initiative Power/Interest, Social Interactions, Mental Balance, and negatively with anxiety and depression. Conclusions The Self Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) was found to be a valid and reliable tool which measures unique psychosomatic abilities. Self regulation deals with competence and autonomy and can be regarded as a problem solving capacity in terms of an active adaptation to stressful situations to restore wellbeing. The tool is an interesting option to be used particularly in complementary medicine research with a focus on behavioural modification.

2009-01-01

140

The occurrence of performance anxiety among musicians.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was given to the students and faculty of the University of Iowa School of Music to learn about their experiences with and attitudes about performance anxiety. Forty-nine (16.5%) of the 302 respondents indicated that their musical performance was impaired by anxiety. Over 21% of the respondents indicated that they experienced marked distress while performing and 16.1% indicated that performance anxiety had adversely affected their careers. Women more frequently reported distress and impairment due to performance anxiety than men. Age was not found to affect problems with performance anxiety. Poor concentration, rapid heart rate, tremor, sweating, and dry mouth were the most commonly reported anxious symptoms. Drug and alcohol use among this group of musicians was minimal. The findings suggest that performance anxiety is an important problem that may in some instances warrant medical treatment. PMID:2139062

Wesner, R B; Noyes, R; Davis, T L

1990-03-01

141

Prenatal maternal anxiety and early childhood temperament.  

PubMed

The consequences of exposure to prenatal maternal anxiety for the development of child temperament were examined in a sample of 120 healthy, 2-year-old children. Prenatal maternal state and pregnancy-specific anxiety (PSA) were measured five times during pregnancy, and maternal state anxiety was measured again at 2 years post partum. Child temperament was measured at 2 years using the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. The relationship between the trajectory of maternal anxiety across gestation and negative affectivity was evaluated using hierarchical linear growth curve modeling. Higher maternal PSA between 13 and 17 weeks of gestation was associated with increased negative temperament in the children. This association could not be explained by postnatal maternal anxiety, demographic, or obstetric factors. Prenatal maternal state anxiety was not associated with child temperament. These findings demonstrate that PSA early in gestation has a distinctive influence on the developing fetus. PMID:21790468

Blair, Megan M; Glynn, Laura M; Sandman, Curt A; Davis, Elysia Poggi

2011-07-26

142

General anxiety, depression, and physical health in relation to symptoms of heart-focused anxiety- a cross sectional study among patients living with the risk of serious arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the role of three distinct symptoms of heart-focused anxiety (cardio-protective avoidance, heart-focused attention, and fear about heart sensations) in relation to general anxiety, depression and physical health in patients referred to specialized cardio-genetics outpatient clinics in Norway for genetic investigation and counseling. Methods Participants were 126 patients (mean age 45 years, 53.5% women). All patients were at higher risk than the average person for serious arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) because of a personal or a family history of an inherited cardiac disorder (familial long QT syndrome or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy). Patients filled in, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Short-Form 36 Health Survey, and Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire, two weeks before the scheduled counseling session. Results The patients experienced higher levels of general anxiety than expected in the general population (mean difference 1.1 (p < 0.01)). Hierarchical regression analyses showed that avoidance and fear was independently related to general anxiety, depression, and physical health beyond relevant demographic covariates (age, gender, having children) and clinical variables (clinical diagnosis, and a recent SCD in the family). In addition to heart-focused anxiety, having a clinical diagnosis was of importance for physical health, whereas a recent SCD in the family was independently related to general anxiety and depression, regardless of disease status. Conclusion Avoidance and fear may be potentially modifiable symptoms. Because these distinct symptoms may have important roles in determining general anxiety, depression and physical health in at-risk individuals of inherited cardiac disorders, the present findings may have implications for the further development of genetic counseling for this patient group.

2011-01-01

143

Factors related to caregiver state anxiety and coping with a child's chronic illness.  

PubMed

The resiliency of families, based on family functioning and family hardiness, may influence caregivers' anxiety while their child is in the hospital undergoing treatment for his or her chronic illness. The current study assessed the relationship among these factors for caregivers of children with various chronic illnesses who were residing at a local Ronald McDonald House (RMH). Caregivers completed paper-based questionnaires to assess family hardiness, functioning, and parent state anxiety and interviews to identify positive and negative strategies and behaviors affecting how they were coping with their child's illness. Findings indicated that family functioning mediated the relationship between family hardiness and caregiver anxiety as a resilience factor that further reduced caregiver anxiety. During interviews, caregivers suggested that support from family members strengthened their coping abilities. Negative interactions with their child's medical team and not knowing how or being equipped to help their child live with his or her illness heightened caregiver stress. Future research should focus on developing, implementing, and measuring the effectiveness of interventions to improve caregiver support, such as by holding caregiver support groups at local RMHs, especially during a child's hospitalization. PMID:23795628

Nabors, Laura A; Kichler, Jessica C; Brassell, Anne; Thakkar, Sunny; Bartz, Jennifer; Pangallo, Jordan; Van Wassenhove, Bevin; Lundy, Heidi

2013-06-01

144

COMPARISON OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN PATIENTS WITH ACNE VULGARIS AND HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS  

PubMed Central

Background: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous units, which chiefly involves face and upper part of the trunk. Its prevalence is highest in adolescence, where the individual counters several psychosocial changes. Depression, suicidal thoughts, and low self esteem are reported in the patients with this disease. Aim: The goal of this study is to compare prevalence of anxiety and depression in the patients with acne vulgaris and normal population. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 82 patients with acne vulgaris and 82 persons without acne who referred to a dermatology clinic and a specialized office for skin diseases in Rasht were studied. Anxiety and depression were evaluated by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire and severity of acne was evaluated by Global Acne Grading System (GAGS). Data were analyzed by SPSS ver. 14.0 software, independent T-test, multi variate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and chi-square test for comparison the quantitative and ordinal data, respectively; with ?=0.05. Results: Prevalence of anxiety and mean of anxiety scores were 68.3% and 9.17 ± 3.52, respectively, in patients group and 39.1% and 7.10 ± 3.07, respectively, in control group in which there was a significant difference (P = 0.001). Prevalence of depression and mean of depression scores were 25.6% and 5.34 ± 3.29, respectively, in patients group and 28.1% and 5.01 ± 3.32, respectively, in control group in which there was no significant difference. Conclusion: According to high prevalence of anxiety in patients with acne vulgaris, assessment of the screening mental status of the patients by simple questionnaire such as HADS is suggested.

Golchai, Javad; khani, Soghra Hosain; Heidarzadeh, Abtin; Eshkevari, Shahriar Sadre; Alizade, Narges; Eftekhari, Hojate

2010-01-01

145

Death Anxiety.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Anxiety caused by conscious and unconscious fears of death and dying is the focus of 26 essays by 37 authors. The attitudes among the aged, the attitudes among the general population toward aging, and the attitudes among the chronically or terminally ill ...

1973-01-01

146

[Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the French version of the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ)].  

PubMed

The Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire (TPQ) is a 100-item true-false self-questionnaire proposed by R. Cloninger and based on a three independent dimensions model of personality. These three dimensions, each with four sub-scales, are Novelty Seeking (NS), Harm Avoidance (HA) and Reward Dependence (RD). Recently, several groups have used the TPQ to study clinical samples, and other have reported normative data in the general population but, up to date, no result has been published on the French TPQ version. The aims of this study were therefore to assess the psychometric properties of this questionnaire and also to research an eventual relationship between dimensions of personality and anxiety and depression mood, measured by mood and anxiety scales in out-patients. A population of 165 subjects was included in this study and assessed with the TPQ. In this sample, 119 patients completed also the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale. The factor analysis with a Varimax rotation suggests three possible solutions with 3, 4 or 5 factors for the TPQ. These all three analysis indicate that the dimensions NS and HA load consistently unto the first two factors, and seem therefore two robust and independent dimensions. Contrastly, the RD dimension seems definitely heterogeneous, even if the RD2 sub-scale (persistence) is treated separately from the other as proposed by Cloninger. Analysis of correlations between TPQ dimensions and HAD sub-score show that only the HA dimension is related to anxiety sub-score (r = 0.34), depression subscore (r = 0.52) and total HAD score (r = 0.47).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7875109

Lépine, J P; Pelissolo, A; Téodorescu, R; Téhérani, M

147

Subliminal psychodynamic activation method and annihilation anxiety: preliminary findings.  

PubMed

Research with the subliminal psychodynamic activation (SPA) method has led to improvements in subjects' functioning in a variety of areas, including but not limited to weight control, school grades, and feelings of general anxiety. In 1987, Hurvich proposed that the SPA method could be used to further the understanding of annihilation anxiety. 100 nonclinical subjects completed questionnaires pertaining to annihilation anxiety, psychological differentiation, and state anxiety and were tachistoscopically exposed to the subliminal message of symbiotic-like oneness, MOMMY AND I ARE ONE, and to control messages. Analysis showed that women with low annihilation anxiety had significantly lower state anxiety than women with high annihilation anxiety, regardless of the content of the subliminal message; results did not reach significance for men. Correlations among scores on the questionnaires also were noted. PMID:1561028

Greenberg, A C

1992-02-01

148

How anxiety levels during pregnancy are linked to personality dimensions and sociodemographic factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluated the development of anxiety, from the pre-conception stage to the postpartum stage, in 96 women who wanted to have children. Anxiety levels were assessed with the State-Anxiety Inventory Questionnaire for Adults (STAI). Personality dimensions (from the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire for Adults, EPQ-A) and sociodemographic variables were related with the anxiety levels. There were no statistical differences in State

Josepa Canals; Griselda Esparó; Joan D Fernández-Ballart

2002-01-01

149

Clinical anxieties among dental students.  

PubMed

We analysed the perceived stresses associated with the transition from preclinical to clinical teaching among dental students at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago. An anxiety questionnaire was completed by 120 students in their Second and Third Years of study. Because of the institution of a new curriculum, these students were uniquely in the same class. The highest levels of anxiety associated with general clinical situations were felt for getting diagnoses wrong, hurting patients, dealing with medical emergencies, and getting infected. In general, there were no significant gender or academic year differences. When faced with specific situations, students were most stressed by the prospect of surgical procedures, temporomandibular joint problems, and failed local analgesia. Significant differences between the two years centred on giving an inferior alveolar nerve block and in dealing with poor oral hygiene, the Second-year students showing the greater anxiety. PMID:11198550

Kieser, J; Herbison, P

2000-12-01

150

Social appearance anxiety and bulimia nervosa.  

PubMed

Social appearance anxiety is an unexplored concept in eating disorders (ED). It refers to social anxiety surrounding overall appearance, including body shape, and fear of negative evaluation by others. It is potentially relevant to those with bulimia nervosa (BN) as both social anxiety and body image disturbance are commonly experienced by patients. Thirty women with BN and forty healthy controls (HC) completed the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS), a 16-item self-report questionnaire. ED cognitions and behaviours were assessed with the Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire. Women with BN have significantly higher SAAS scores than HC (z=-6.79, p<0.001). In BN, SAAS scores show significant positive correlation with global ED subscales and dietary restraint. In HC, SAAS scores are correlated with shape, weight, eating concern, and global eating disturbance subscales. Preliminary findings suggest the SAAS is potentially useful in future research concerning overall risk factors for eating disturbance and treatment outcome in BN. PMID:21989100

Koskina, A; Van den Eynde, F; Meisel, S; Campbell, I C; Schmidt, U

2011-06-01

151

Animal Models of Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Animal models for anxiety-related behavior are based on the assumption that anxiety in animals is comparable to anxiety in humans. Being anxious is an adaptive response to an unfamiliar environment, especially when confronted with danger or threat. However, pathological variants of anxiety can strongly impede the daily life of those affected. To unravel neurobiological mechanisms underlying normal anxiety as well

F. Ohl

152

A Psychometric Analysis of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Parent Version in a Clinical Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a 47-item parent-report questionnaire of youth anxiety and depression, with scales corresponding to the DSM-IV categories of Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Major Depressive…

Ebesutani, Chad; Bernstein, Adam; Nakamura, Brad J.; Chorpita, Bruce F.; Weisz, John R.

2010-01-01

153

A Psychometric Analysis of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales--Parent Version in a School Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale--Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a parent-report questionnaire of youth anxiety and depression with scales corresponding to the "DSM" diagnoses of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and major depressive disorder. The…

Ebesutani, Chad; Chorpita, Bruce F.; Higa-McMillan, Charmaine K.; Nakamura, Brad J.; Regan, Jennifer; Lynch, Roxanna E.

2011-01-01

154

A Psychometric Analysis of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Parent Version in a Clinical Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a 47-item parent-report questionnaire of youth anxiety and depression, with scales corresponding to the DSM-IV categories of Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Major Depressive…

Ebesutani, Chad; Bernstein, Adam; Nakamura, Brad J.; Chorpita, Bruce F.; Weisz, John R.

2010-01-01

155

A Psychometric Analysis of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales--Parent Version in a School Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale--Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a parent-report questionnaire of youth anxiety and depression with scales corresponding to the "DSM" diagnoses of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and major depressive disorder. The…

Ebesutani, Chad; Chorpita, Bruce F.; Higa-McMillan, Charmaine K.; Nakamura, Brad J.; Regan, Jennifer; Lynch, Roxanna E.

2011-01-01

156

Anxiety in Medically Ill Children/Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Anxiety disorders are thought to be one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in children/adolescents. Chronic medical illness is a significant risk factor for the development of an anxiety disorder and the prevalence rate of anxiety disorders among youths with chronic medical illnesses is higher compared to their healthy counterparts. Anxiety disorders may develop secondary to predisposing biological mechanisms related to a child’s specific medical illness, as a response to being ill or in the hospital, a threatening environment, as a result of other genetic and psychological factors, or as a combination of all these factors. Additionally, exposure to physical pain early in one’s life and or frequent painful medical procedures are correlated with fear and anxiety during subsequent procedures and treatments and may lead to medical nonadherence and other comorbidities. Anxiety disorders can have serious consequences in children/adolescents with chronic and or life limiting medical illnesses. Therefore, proper identification and treatment of anxiety disorders is necessary and may improve not only psychiatric symptoms but also physical symptoms. Behavioral and cognitive methods as well as psychotropic medications are used to treat anxiety disorders in pediatric patients. We will review current treatments for anxiety in children/adolescents with medical illnesses and propose future research directions.

Pao, Maryland; Bosk, Abigail

2010-01-01

157

Anxiety in medically ill children/adolescents.  

PubMed

Anxiety disorders are thought to be one of the most common psychiatric diagnoses in children/adolescents. Chronic medical illness is a significant risk factor for the development of an anxiety disorder, and the prevalence rate of anxiety disorders among youths with chronic medical illnesses is higher compared to their healthy counterparts. Anxiety disorders may develop secondary to predisposing biological mechanisms related to a child's specific medical illness, as a response to being ill or in the hospital, a threatening environment, as a result of other genetic and psychological factors, or as a combination of all these factors. Additionally, exposure to physical pain early in one's life and/or frequent painful medical procedures are correlated with fear and anxiety during subsequent procedures and treatments, and may lead to medical nonadherence and other comorbidities. Anxiety disorders can have serious consequences in children/adolescents with chronic and/or life-limiting medical illnesses. Therefore, proper identification and treatment of anxiety disorders is necessary and may improve not only psychiatric symptoms but also physical symptoms. Behavioral and cognitive methods as well as psychotropic medications are used to treat anxiety disorders in pediatric patients. We will review current treatments for anxiety in children/adolescents with medical illnesses and propose future research directions. PMID:20721908

Pao, Maryland; Bosk, Abigail

2010-08-18

158

Stop Performance Anxiety!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses how teachers can help music students overcome performance anxiety. Divides performance anxiety into four major components: physiological, cognitive, behavioral, and psychological. Suggests fighting anxiety with relaxation techniques, imagery, cognitive statements, positive thinking, practice, and preparation. Discourages use of…

Ely, Mark C.

1991-01-01

159

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

PubMed Central

Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format. The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. Results A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p < 0.001), with participants reporting higher scores on the online format than in the paper format. There was no interaction effect. For the other questionnaires were no significant main or interaction effects of format. Significant correlations between the two ways of presenting the measures was found for all questionnaires (p<0.05). The results from reliability tests showed Cronbachs ?’s above .70 for all four questionnaires and differences in Cronbachs ? between administration formats were negligible. Conclusions For three of the four included questionnaires the participants’ scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

2012-01-01

160

Social adversities and anxiety disorders in the Gaza Strip  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIMTo investigate the rate and nature of anxiety symptoms and disorders in children, and their relation to social adversities in a cultural sample not previously researched.METHODS237 children aged 9 to 13 years living in the Gaza Strip were selected randomly from 112 schools. Children completed the revised manifest anxiety scale (a questionnaire with yes\\/no answers for 28 anxiety items and

A A M Thabet; P Vostanis

1998-01-01

161

Open-label treatment with escitalopram in patients with social anxiety disorder and fear of blushing.  

PubMed

Fear of blushing (FB) is a form of social anxiety disorder (SAD) characterized by an intense and obsessive threat of blushing in front of other people. No data are available on the specific efficacy of antidepressants on FB. This open-label pilot study investigated whether the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor escitalopram specifically improves symptoms of FB in SAD patients. Thirty-nine patients meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria for SAD and presenting a significant FB according to the Salpêtrière Erythrophobia Questionnaire (SEQ) were administered open-label escitalopram (10-30 mg/d) for 12 weeks. A systematic assessment, at baseline and at week 12, included the SEQ, the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale. From the 39 patients included, 31 attended the week 4 visit, and 28 the week 12 visit. Significant reductions of FB were observed after 4 weeks of treatment and were more pronounced at the end of the 12-week treatment since patients experienced a 60% decrease in their FB symptoms (P < 0.001). Nineteen subjects (67.8%) reported a 50% decrease or more of their SEQ score, and 14 (50%) met criteria for remission of FB (SEQ score <7). The effect sizes of changes on SEQ, Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale scores were high, with ?² ranging between 0.53 and 0.86. Results of this open-label study suggest that escitalopram can be a useful treatment for FB associated with SAD, even if large controlled trials are now needed to further evaluate this result. PMID:23948787

Pelissolo, Antoine; Moukheiber, Albert

2013-10-01

162

Trained interpretive bias: Validity and effects on anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mathews and Mackintosh [(2000). Induced emotional interpretation bias and anxiety. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 602–615] developed a clever training procedure that enables the investigation of a causal relationship between interpretive bias and anxiety. The present study examined the validity of this paradigm by testing (1) the effects of interpretation training on two other tasks (homograph EAST and open-ended questionnaire)

Elske Salemink; Marcel van den Hout; Merel Kindt

2007-01-01

163

Death and Dying Anxiety among Elderly Arab Muslims in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Death and dying anxiety were examined among elderly Arab Muslims in Israel. A total of 145 people aged 60 and over were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire. Nursing home residents reported higher death anxiety than others; women and uneducated participants reported greater levels of fear of death and dying than others. There were no…

Azaiza, Faisal; Ron, Pnina; Shoham, Meyrav; Gigini, Ibrahim

2010-01-01

164

Racial-Ethnic Differences in Social Anxiety among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated racial-ethnic differences in social anxiety among college students in two-year colleges. The sample consisted of 189 Asian American, African American, White American, and Hispanic American students from two colleges in the Southeast. Participants completed a questionnaire measure of social anxiety. The results…

LeSure-Lester, G. Evelyn; King, Nancy

2004-01-01

165

Culturally Related Anxiety and Ethnic Identity in Navajo College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cultural Involvement and Detachment Anxiety Questionnaire (D. W. McNeil, C. A. Porter, M. J. Zvolensky, & J. M. Chaney, 1998) and the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (J. S. Phinney, 1992) were administered to 160 Navajo college students to explore the relation between ethnic identity and culturally related anxiety, compare level of ethnic identity in reference to standardized samples, and

Daniel W. McNeil; Marvin Kee; Michael J. Zvolensky

1999-01-01

166

Measuring Computer Anxiety: The Computer Anxiety Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Computer Anxiety Scale (CAS) is a measure of perceptions by students of their anxiety in different situations related to computers. Involving 225 college students, this study examines the reliability and factorial validity of the CAS. The data suggest that the CAS is an effective and reliable means of measuring student anxiety toward computers.

George A. Marcoulides

1989-01-01

167

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

168

Measuring death anxiety: Conceptual, psychometric, and factor-analytic aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed a brief, reliable, and valid questionnaire for measuring attitudes toward death and dying. In Stage 1, 4 groups of 30–82 yr old Ss (34 psychology and 27 gerontology graduate students, 25 senior-citizen-center attendees, and 14 nursing home residents) completed the Death Anxiety Questionnaire (DAQ), Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale, and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine Depression Scale (a revised

Hope R. Conte; Marcella B. Weiner; Robert Plutchik

1982-01-01

169

Symptoms of anxiety and depression in lesbian couples treated with donated sperm: a descriptive study  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate symptoms of anxiety and depression in lesbian couples undergoing assisted reproductive treatment (ART), and to study the relationship of demographic data, pregnancy outcome and future reproductive plans with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Design Descriptive, a part of the prospective longitudinal ‘Swedish study on gamete donation’. Setting All university clinics in Sweden performing gamete donation. Population A consecutive sample of 214 lesbian couples requesting assisted reproduction, 165 of whom participated. Methods Participants individually completed three study-specific questionnaires and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS): time point 1 (T1), at commencement of ART; time point 2 (T2), approximately 2 months after treatment; and time point 3 (T3), 2–5 years after first treatment. Main outcome measures Anxiety and depression (HADS), pregnancy outcome and future reproductive plans. Results The vast majority of lesbian women undergoing assisted reproduction reported no symptoms of anxiety and depression at the three assessment points. A higher percentage of the treated women, compared with the partners, reported symptoms of anxiety at T2 (14% versus 5%, P = 0.011) and T3 (10% versus 4%, P = 0.018), as well as symptoms of depression at T2 (4% versus 0%, P = 0.03) and T3 (3% versus 0%, P = 0.035). The overall pregnancy outcome was high; almost three-quarters of lesbian couples gave birth 2–5 years after sperm donation treatments. Open-ended comments illustrated joy and satisfaction about family building. Conclusion Lesbian women in Sweden reported good psychological health before and after treatment with donated sperm.

Borneskog, C; Sydsjo, G; Lampic, C; Bladh, M; Svanberg, AS

2013-01-01

170

The relationship between fear and death and anxiety.  

PubMed

Studies examining fear of death and anxiety have consistently shown these constructs to be positively related. Although several measures of anxiety have been examined, fear of death has always been treated unidimensionally. The present research was an attempt to examine eight types of fear of death in relation to two types of anxiety. Questionnaire data were collected from 375 male and female undergraduates at a Mid-western university. Anxiety was measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and fear of death by a factor analytic multidimensional scale. Significant correlations were found between seven of the eight fear of death dimensions and both measures of anxiety. Regression analysis showed fear of premature death and fear of the dead to be the most important death-related fears associated with anxiety. PMID:671378

Hoelter, J W; Hoelter, J A

1978-07-01

171

The Relation between Anxiety Disorder and Experiential Avoidance in Inpatient Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study aimed to examine the relation between experiential avoidance and anxiety disorders, as well as the usefulness of the Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y; Greco, Lambert, & Baer, 2008) in detecting anxiety disorder in a sample of adolescent inpatients. First, the relation between experiential avoidance and anxiety

Venta, Amanda; Sharp, Carla; Hart, John

2012-01-01

172

Reducing Patients' State Anxiety in General Dental Practice: A Randomized Controlled Trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety assessment by questionnaire provides information for the dentist and may also confer a psychological benefit on patients. This study tested the hypothesis that informing dentists about patients' dental anxiety prior to commencement of treatment reduces patients' state anxiety. A randomized controlled trial was conducted involving eight General Dental Practitioners in North Wales. Participants included patients attending their first session

Y.-M. Dailey; G. M. Humphris; M. A. Lennon

2002-01-01

173

The Relationship Between Anxiety and Sexual Functioning in Lesbians and Heterosexual Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between anxiety and sexual functioning was studied in relation to women's sexual orientation. Participants in lesbian relationships (n = 42) and heterosexual relationships (n = 78) completed the Multidimensional Anxiety Questionnaire and Female Sexual Function Index. No difference was found between groups on the anxiety measure, but lesbians scored higher than heterosexuals on sexual functioning scales for arousal

Tera E. Beaber; Paul D. Werner

2009-01-01

174

Gender, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Study of Early Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Does anxiety lead to depression more for girls than for boys? This study prospectively examines gender differences in the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms in early adolescence. One hundred thirteen 11- to 14-year-old middle school students complete questionnaires assessing depressive symptoms and three dimensions of anxiety

Chaplin, Tara M.; Gillham, Jane E.; Seligman, Martin E. P.

2009-01-01

175

Reduction of pain in childbirth by the alleviation of anxiety during pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Used the Institute for Personality and Ability Testing (IPAT) Anxiety Scale and 3 anxiety-related scales from Schaefer and Manheimer's Pregnancy Research Questionnaire (PRQ) to measure fear and anxiety before and after courses in childbirth education and childcare for 42 primiparas (mean age = 26 yrs) in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. A groups * trial analysis of variance indicated that

Lawrence E. Klusman

1975-01-01

176

Anxiety indices related to susceptibility to persuasion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scores from three different anxiety scales were obtained from a self-rating personality questionnaire given to male college students. Each scale was studied in relation to a behavioral measure of persuasibility obtained by observing the opinion changes shown by 53 Ss after each was exposed to a series of five persuasive communications. The results give little support to the hypothesis that

Irving L. Janis

1955-01-01

177

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

178

Methodological Issues in Internet-Mediated Research: A Randomized Comparison of Internet Versus Mailed Questionnaires  

PubMed Central

Background The majority of Internet-mediated studies use measures developed as paper-and-pencil measures or face-to-face-delivered material. Previous research suggests that the equivalence between online and offline measures must be demonstrated rather than assumed. Objective The objective of this study was to explore the equivalence 4 measures completed in an online or offline setting. Methods A sample of students (n = 1969) was randomly assigned to complete 4 popular scales (the SF-12v2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Fatigue Symptom Inventory, and a single-item fatigue measure) either online or by mail survey (pencil and paper). The response rate was 52.51% (n = 1034) and comparable between the online and offline groups. Results Significant differences were noted in fatigue levels between the online and offline group (P = .01) as measured by the Fatigue Symptom Inventory, with the online sample demonstrating higher levels of fatigue. Equivalency was noted for the SF-12v2, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the single-item fatigue measure. Internal consistency was high except for the SF-12v2. The SF-12v2 may not be an ideal measure to use for remote administration. Conclusions Equivalency of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Physical Component Score and Mental Component Score of the SF-12v2 for online and offline data were demonstrated. Equivalency was not demonstrated for the Fatigue Symptom Inventory. Explanations for the difference in fatigue score between the online and offline samples are unclear. Research that seeks to match samples and control for extraneous online and offline variables is called for, along with exploration of factors that may mediate the completion of questionnaires or alter the respondents’ relationship with the same, to enhance progress in this area.

2011-01-01

179

Childhood Anxiety Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders is one of the most prevalent diagnostic categories identified in children and adolescents. This chapter\\u000a provides an overview of the epidemiology of childhood anxiety disorders. Several pathways of etiology are presented, specifically\\u000a genetics, parent–child attachment, parental anxiety and parenting style, and life experiences. Six of the common childhood\\u000a anxiety disorders, separation anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, generalized

Gail A. Bernstein; Andrea M. Victor

180

Social Physique Anxiety, Obligation to Exercise, and Exercise Choices among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors examined relationships among social physique anxiety, obligation to exercise, and exercise choices. Participants and Methods: College students (N = 337; 200 women, 137 men) volunteered to complete 3 questionnaires: the Social Physique Anxiety Scale (SPAS), Obligatory Exercise Questionnaire (OEQ), and Physical Activity…

Chu, Hui-Wen; Bushman, Barbara A.; Woodard, Rebecca J.

2008-01-01

181

The effect of cooperative learning on mathematics anxiety and help seeking behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Present project is surveying effectiveness of cooperative learning over mathematics anxiety and help seeking behaviour of first grade of high school girl students. Experimental research method was pretest - posttest type which lasted for 8 meetings. For measurement of variables has been used from mathematics anxiety questionnaire and help seeking questionnaire (acceptance and avoidance from help seeking). In respect of

Masoud Gholamali Lavasani; Farah Khandan

2011-01-01

182

Anesthetic assessment in an outpatient consultation clinic reduces preoperative anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Preoperative anxiety in relation to anesthesia remains for many patients a major subject of concern. The aim of the present\\u000a study was to compare the level of preoperative anxiety in patients assessed in an outpatient consultation clinic with the\\u000a anxiety level of those having been assessed by the anesthesiologist after entering the hospital.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method: We studied two groups of

Claude Eric Klopfenstein; Alain Forster; Elisabeth Van Gessel

2000-01-01

183

Comorbidity of anxiety disorders in patients with remitted bipolar disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comorbidity between bipolar disorder and anxiety disorders has attracted considerable attention in recent years. However,\\u000a a majority of the earlier studies examined anxiety disorders in acutely ill patients resulting in a possible confounding effect\\u000a of the affective episodes. This study examines the prevalence of anxiety disorders in remitted bipolar subjects recruited\\u000a from a psychiatric hospital in India and their effect

A. Zutshi; Y. C. Janardhan Reddy; K. Thennarasu; C. R. Chandrashekhar

2006-01-01

184

"The Rust of Life": Impact of Anxiety on Cardiac Patients  

PubMed Central

Anxiety has both functionally appropriate and inappropriate consequences. Among patients with cardiac disease, anxiety can be functionally appropriate when it prompts an individual to quickly seek treatment for acute cardiac signs and symptoms. But anxiety may have medical or psychological consequences when it is persistent or severe, including difficulty adhering to prescribed treatments and making recommended lifestyle changes, adoption of or failure to change risky behaviors, increased risk for acute cardiac events, and increased risk for in-hospital complications after admission for acute coronary syndrome. Yet, because anxiety is a universal emotion that is managed without consequence by many people, its importance is often ignored by healthcare providers. The impact of psychosocial (with a major emphasis on anxiety) and behavioral variables on biological outcomes was examined systematically. The research included (1) examination and comparison of the intensity of anxiety in international samples of various critically, acutely, and chronically ill cardiac patients; (2) determination of differences between men and women in the expression of anxiety; (3) investigation of factors predictive of anxiety levels, including perceived control; (4) studies of healthcare providers' knowledge of anxiety assessment and providers' practices in assessing and managing anxiety; and (5) determination of the impact of anxiety on clinical outcomes in cardiac patients. The goal of this program of research is to improve patients' outcomes on a widespread basis by placing anxiety in the forefront of clinical cardiac practice.

2009-01-01

185

Linkages Between Anxiety and Outcomes in Heart Failure  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between anxiety and event-free survival (i.e., composite endpoint of death, emergency department visits, or hospitalizations) for patients with HF, and examine whether behavioral and physiologic mechanisms mediate any association between anxiety and outcomes. METHODS In this longitudinal study, patients with HF completed the anxiety subscale of the Brief Symptom Inventory, and heart rate variability and plasma norepinephrine level were measured. Dietary and medication adherence were measured with a 24-hour urine sodium level and the Medication Event Monitoring System, respectively. Patients were followed at least 1 year for event-free survival. RESULTS A total of 147 patients were enrolled. Patients with high anxiety had a shorter (HR 2.2, 95% CI 1.1–4.3, P = .03) period of event-free survival than patients with lower anxiety. Anxiety independently predicted medication adherence (P = .008), which in turn predicted event-free survival (HR 2.0, CI 1.2–3.3, P = .008). The effect of anxiety (P = .17) on event-free survival was less significant when the regression model included both anxiety and medication adherence than when the model only included anxiety (P = .03), indicating that medication adherence mediated the relationship between anxiety and event-free survival. CONCLUSION This is the first study to show that medication nonadherence links anxiety and event-free survival for patients with HF. Interventions that reduce anxiety and improve adherence may favorably benefit outcomes.

De Jong, Marla J.; Chung, Misook L.; Wu, Jia-Rong; Riegel, Barbara; Rayens, Mary Kay; Moser, Debra K.

2011-01-01

186

Panic anxiety, under the weather?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relationship between weather conditions and psychiatric disorders has been a continuous subject of speculation due to contradictory findings. This study attempts to further clarify this relationship by focussing on specific conditions such as panic attacks and non-panic anxiety in relation to specific meteorological variables. All psychiatric emergencies attended at a general hospital in Barcelona (Spain) during 2002 with anxiety as main complaint were classified as panic or non-panic anxiety according to strict independent and retrospective criteria. Both groups were assessed and compared with meteorological data (wind speed and direction, daily rainfall, temperature, humidity and solar radiation). Seasons and weekend days were also included as independent variables. Non-parametric statistics were used throughout since most variables do not follow a normal distribution. Logistic regression models were applied to predict days with and without the clinical condition. Episodes of panic were three times more common with the poniente wind (hot wind), twice less often with rainfall, and one and a half times more common in autumn than in other seasons. These three trends (hot wind, rainfall and autumn) were accumulative for panic episodes in a logistic regression formula. Significant reduction of episodes on weekends was found only for non-panic episodes. Panic attacks, unlike other anxiety episodes, in a psychiatric emergency department in Barcelona seem to show significant meteorotropism. Assessing specific disorders instead of overall emergencies or other variables of a more general quality could shed new light on the relationship between weather conditions and behaviour.

Bulbena, A.; Pailhez, G.; Aceña, R.; Cunillera, J.; Rius, A.; Garcia-Ribera, C.; Gutiérrez, J.; Rojo, C.

2005-03-01

187

Familial and Temperamental Risk Factors for Social Anxiety Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common disorder that can lead to significant impairment. In this chapter, the author provides background on the disorder and reviews hypothesized familial and temperamental risk factors. In particular, it highlights the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Longitudinal Study of Children at Risk for Anxiety, now…

Hirshfeld-Becker, Dina R.

2010-01-01

188

An assessment of treating depression and anxiety with aromatherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation studied the effects of aromatherapy in alleviating depression and anxiety. It was an evaluation of the aromatherapy service offered as part of the Surrey Oaklands NHS Trust's Day Hospital treatment plan. The research was designed to identify if there was a significant difference in perceived levels of anxiety and depression between a control group receiving massage with carrier

Katie Lemon

2004-01-01

189

Do childhood anxiety measures measure anxiety?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear Survey Schedule for Children-Revised (FSSC-R), Revised-Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS), and the Modified State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC-M) are three widely used self-report measures of childhood anxiety. While previous studies have established the reliability of these measures, their validity in discriminating anxious from non-anxious youngsters remains to be established. The present study examines the discriminant validity of

Sean Perrin; Cynthia G. Last

1992-01-01

190

The effect of attentional focus on social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of attentional focus on social anxiety in a group of high and low blushing-anxious subjects. One hundred and fourteen psychology undergraduate students were screened using the Fear of Blushing subscale of the Blushing Questionnaire [Bögels, S. M., & Reith, W. (1999). Validity of two questionnaires to assess social fears:

Judy B. Zou; Jennifer L. Hudson; Ronald M. Rapee

2007-01-01

191

Construction of Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

192

Can anxiety in pregnant women be measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: to explore the stability of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), which was used to explain shifts in women's priorities for intrapartum care.Design: a comparative survey of women's priorities for intrapartum care, using a self-complete questionnaire at two intervals, 34 weeks gestation and 10 days postpartum. The questionnaire incorporated the full 40 item STAI.Setting: Aberdeen, Scotland.Participants: 217 women presenting at

Vanora Hundley; Elaine Gurney; Wendy Graham; Anne-Marie Rennie

1998-01-01

193

Uncertainty, anxiety, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress in parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to describe relationships between uncertainty, anxiety, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS) in parents of children recently diagnosed with cancer. The study was guided by the Uncertainty in Illness Theory. The setting was a children's hospital. Participants were 15 parents of 12 children recently diagnosed with cancer. Anxiety was measured by the State-Trait Anxiety

Sheila Santacroce

2002-01-01

194

The Influence of Cognition, Anxiety and Psychiatric Disorders over Treatment Adherence in Uncontrolled Hypertensive Patients  

PubMed Central

Background Poor adherence is estimated to cause 125 thousand deaths per year and is linked to 10% of all hospital stays in the U.S. Up to one third of elderly hypertensive patients don't have adherence, which is responsible for high proportion of hospitalizations. Hypertension is also related to poor performance in tests that assess cognitive functions. On the other hand, poor cognitive performance is associated with low adherence to treatment. Objective To assess the association between cognitive function, anxiety and psychiatric disorders with adherence to drug treatment in patients with hypertension. Methodology and Principal Findings This a cohort studies with 56 adult patients with uncontrolled hypertension who participated of all meetings of a pharmaceutical intervention in a randomized clinical trial of pharmaceutical care. Cognitive function was measured by the Mini Mental State Examination (Mini-mental). The memory was measured by digit and word spans, tower and church shadow test, short story test and metamemory. Anxiety and psychiatric disorders were evaluated by the State Trace Anxiety Inventory and the Self-Report Questionnaire, respectively. The participants were classified as adherent or non-adherent to the drug treatment, according to the identification of plasma levels of hydrochlorothiazide. All non-adherent patients (n?=?12) and 35 out 44 (79.5%) patients with adherence to treatment had at least one memory test with an altered score (P?=?0.180). Participants with an unsatisfactory score in the Mini-mental had six-fold higher risk of non-adherence to treatment when compared to those with a normal score (RR?=?5.8; CI 95%: 1.6–20.8; P?=?0.007). The scores of anxiety and psychiatric disorders were not associated with adherence to the pharmacological treatment. Conclusion Cognitive deficit impairs adherence to drug therapy and should be screened as part of a program of pharmaceutical care to improve adherence to treatment.

Jacobs, Ursula; De Castro, Mauro S.; Fuchs, Flavio D.; Ferreira, Maria Beatriz C.

2011-01-01

195

Anxiety disorders and schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety symptoms and disorders have long been described in schizophrenia. This article reviews the epidemiology, phenomenology,\\u000a and neurobiologic underpinnings of comorbid anxiety symptoms and disorders in schizophrenia. Recent literature was obtained\\u000a by Medline searches using key words relating to schizophrenia and anxiety symptoms or disorders. There is some evidence that\\u000a anxiety may be a core symptom dimension in schizophrenia, although

Jacqueline E. Muller; Liezl Koen; Soraya Seedat; Robin A. Emsley; Daniel J. Stein

2004-01-01

196

Anxiety disorders in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is now growing realization that many women suffer from new onset or worsening of anxiety disorders during pregnancy.\\u000a Studies of anxiety symptoms in pregnancy show that a significant portion of women are affected. Anxiety symptoms in pregnancy\\u000a have been associated with adverse fetal and infant outcomes. Furthermore, having an anxiety disorder during pregnancy is one\\u000a of the strongest risk

Bavanisha Vythilingum

2008-01-01

197

Psychosocial stress and anxiety in senile dementia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seventy dementia patients in hospital and two control groups comprising 50 dementia sufferers in the community and 50 mentally fit elderly people, were investigated to determine which social factors such as life events were associated with the presence of anxiety symptoms. Very high levels of social contact, problems in the patient-carer relationship and high physical dependency were all associated with

Martin Orrell; Paul Bebbington

1996-01-01

198

State and trait anxiety revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

State and trait anxiety theory and assessment are reviewed. The person (trait anxiety) and the situation are important in determining levels of state anxiety. The facet of trait anxiety and the stressful situation must be congruent in order to evoke increases in state anxiety. The multidimensional interaction model is reviewed and empirical research is presented. A discussion of anxiety viewed

Norman S Endler; Nancy L Kocovski

2001-01-01

199

Parkinson's disease and anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a recent surge of interest in the subject of anxiety in patients with Parkinson's disease. Up to 40% of patients with Parkinson's disease experience clinically significant anxiety. This anxiety may be a psychological reaction to the stress of the illness or may be related to the neurochemical changes of the disease itself. Antiparkinsonian drugs may have a

K Walsh; G Bennett

2001-01-01

200

Anxiety and Test Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test anxiety is a variable cognitive, affective, or physiological response, or any combination thereof, occurring during evaluative, self-report examinations. Research suggests that the cognitive, affective, and physiological components of test anxiety are interrelated and that these components in addition to global test anxiety, are negatively…

Hickey, Kevin S.

201

Anxiety Disorders: Noradrenergic Neurotransmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past decade has seen a rapid progression in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of fear and anxiety. Specific neurochemical and neuropeptide systems have been demonstrated to play important roles in the behaviors associated with fear and anxiety-producing stimuli. Long-term dysregulation of these systems appears to contribute to the development of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder

A. Neumeister; R. J. Daher; D. S. Charney

202

Early Predictors of Separation Anxiety Disorder: Early Stranger Anxiety, Parental Pathology and Prenatal Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study seeks to extend research on the etiology of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in a German-speaking sample by examining differences between children with SAD and healthy comparisons, using a retrospective-reporting paradigm. Method: The sample included 106 children with SAD and 44 healthy children between the ages of 4 and 14 years. Parents completed questionnaires and structured clinical

Kristen Lavallee; Chantal Herren; Judith Blatter-Meunier; Carmen Adornetto; Tina In-Albon; Silvia Schneider

2011-01-01

203

Evaluation of anxiety in Parkinson’s disease with some commonly used rating scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the concurrent validity of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression\\u000a Scale (HADS) and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (Ham-A) for evaluating anxiety in a group of 46 Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients.\\u000a The magnitude of correlations between the scales was high (all p<0.01), indicating a good concurrent validity. The item-by item analysis indicated that the

F. Mondolo; M. Jahanshahi; A. Granà; E. Biasutti; E. Cacciatori; P. Di Benedetto

2007-01-01

204

Anxiety in veterinary surgical students: a quantitative study.  

PubMed

The surgical educational environment is potentially stressful and this can negatively affect students' learning. The aim of this study was to investigate whether veterinary students' level of anxiety is higher in a surgical course than in a non-surgical course and if pre-surgical training in a Surgical Skills Lab (SSL) has an anxiety reducing effect. Investigations were carried out as a comparative study and a parallel group study. Potential participants were fourth-year veterinary students who attended a surgical course (Basic Surgical Skills) and a non-surgical course (Clinical Examination Skills); both courses were offered in multiple classes (with a total of 171 students in 2009 and 156 students in 2010). All classes in 2009 participated in the SSL stage of the Basic Surgical Skills course before performing live-animal surgery, and one class (28 students) in 2010 did not. Two validated anxiety questionnaires (Spielberger's state-trait anxiety inventory and Cox and Kenardy's performance anxiety questionnaire) were used. Anxiety levels were measured before the non-surgical course (111 students from 2009) and before live-animal surgery during the surgical course (153 students from 2009 and 28 students from 2010). Our results show that anxiety levels in veterinary students are significantly higher in a surgical course than in a non-surgical course (p<.001), and that practicing in a SSL helps reduce anxiety before live-animal surgery (p<.005). PMID:23187026

Langebæk, Rikke; Eika, Berit; Jensen, Asger Lundorff; Tanggaard, Lene; Toft, Nils; Berendt, Mette

2012-01-01

205

The convergent validity of the Phobia Origins Questionnaire (POQ): a review of the evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Phobic Origins Questionnaire (POQ) [Öst, L.-G. & Hugdahl, K. (1981). Acquisition of phobias and anxiety response patterns in clinical patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 19, 439–447.] is the most commonly cited instrument for determining the origins of phobic anxiety and data obtained using this instrument strongly support the role of conditioning in the acquisition of fear reactions. The construct

Ross G. Menzies; Ken Kirkby; Lynne M. Harris

1998-01-01

206

Anxious Solitude and Clinical Disorder in Middle Childhood: Bridging Developmental and Clinical Approaches to Childhood Social Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It was hypothesized that children identified by their peers at school as anxious solitary would report more symptoms of social anxiety disorder on a self report questionnaire and, on the basis of child and parent clinical interviews, receive more diagnoses of social anxiety disorder and additional anxiety and mood disorders. Participants were 192…

Gazelle, Heidi; Workman, Jamie Olson; Allan, Wesley

2010-01-01

207

Test anxiety (worry and emotionality) changes during academic testing as a function of feedback and test importance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the effects of feedback on fluctuations in immediately experienced test anxiety. In 2 studies, 55 and 144 college students responded to a brief test anxiety questionnaire in the context of a course examination, during which experimental Ss received item-by-item feedback. Worry, the cognitive component of anxiety hypothesized to be partially dependent on information available to the student during testing,

Larry W. Morris; R. Stephen Fulmer

1976-01-01

208

An association of early puberty with disordered eating and anxiety in a population of undergraduate women and men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eating and anxiety disorders are more prevalent in females, increase during adolescence, and are associated with early pubertal development. This study examined whether timing of puberty onset is associated with disordered eating and anxiety in a large sample of postpubertal male and female undergraduate students. Self-report questionnaires assessed timing of puberty, disordered eating, anxiety, alcohol use, personality, and sensation seeking.

Julia L. Zehr; Kristen M. Culbert; Cheryl L. Sisk; Kelly L. Klump

2007-01-01

209

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT - A self-assessment scale has been developed and found to be a reliable instrument for detecting states , patients under in- vestigation and treatment in medical and surgical departments. Received December 3,1982;

A. S. Zigmond; R. P. Snaith

1983-01-01

210

Anxiety levels, health behaviors, and support systems of pregnant women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this correlational descriptive study was to assess health behaviors, anxiety levels, and social support of pregnant women, ages 20 to 40, who were without complications and were patients of four private obstetrical practices in a large metropolitan city. Although sampling was a nonprobability approach, various socioeconomic, racial, and religious groups were represented. The three instruments used to test the hypotheses included the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), the Personal Resource Questionnaire (PRQ) and a detailed Health Behavior Demographic Questionnaire. Results of the data indicated no significant differences between pregnant smokers' and pregnant nonsmokers' STAI or PRQ scores. Significant positive correlations were revealed between the following variables: Trait anxiety with increased age of pregnancy (r = .77, p = .008); trait anxiety with high educational level (r = .72, p = .001); trait anxiety with state anxiety (r = .64, p = .001); trait anxiety with years married (r = .68, p = .018); trait anxiety with numbers of children (r = .82, p = .005); trait anxiety with high occupation level (r = .68, p = .001), increased age with PRQ support (r = -.88, p = .001); caucasian women examined breast more frequently (r = .47, p = .005); pregnant women who were smokers also were more likely to drink (r = .66, p = .03). Significant negative correlations were: Increased state anxiety with decreased social support (r = -.28, p = .05); higher trait anxiety with lower PRQ (r = -.59, p = .001), and more drinks of alcohol per day with decreased social support (r = .88, p = .04). The study indicated that the subjects who continue to smoke while pregnant were highly educated. All had at least two years of college with 45% having completed graduate school. All were working in managerial or professional jobs. This has implications for nursing interventions focused on enhancing health coping strategies at the workplace and specific health promotion activities designed to reduce job-related stress during pregnancy. PMID:2702300

Albrecht, S A; Rankin, M

1989-01-01

211

Fear of Spiders Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ), an 18-item self-report questionnaire assessing spider phobia, was developed in an attempt to complement the information provided by the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate phobics from nonphobics, and indicated decrements in phobic responding from pretest to posttest following cognitive therapy. Test-retest data,

Jeff Szymanski; William O'Donohue

1995-01-01

212

Cannabis expectancies in substance misusers: French validation of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the French version of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire (48 items) and study the cannabis expectancies according to the patterns of substance use and psychiatric disorders (DSM-IV). A sample of 263 subjects (average age 33.1 years [SD = 8.7], 56% men) consisting of cannabis users (n = 64), psychiatric inpatients (n = 175, most of whom were hospitalized for withdrawal), and a control group (n = 24) completed the questionnaire. Internal reliability was good (?= .87) and temporal reliability was satisfactory, with 24 of 48 items having a significant ? ? .41. Factor analysis showed four main factors that explained 42.1% of the total variance. The women feared Cognitive Impairment and Negative Effects, and Negative Behavioral Effects more than the men. The onset age of cannabis use, onset age of abuse, abuse and dependence were associated with fewer negative expectancies. Cannabis dependents differed from abusers by more Relaxation and Social Facilitation expectancies. Patients with major depressive episodes, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, or posttraumatic stress disorder feared negative effects the most. Schizophrenic patients expected more Perceptual Enhancement and Craving. The French version of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire has good psychometric properties and is valid to assess cannabis expectancies in adolescents and adults with substance use disorders. PMID:21999501

Guillem, Eric; Notides, Christine; Vorspan, Florence; Debray, Marcel; Nieto, Isabel; Leroux, Mayliss; Lépine, Jean-Pierre

2011-09-29

213

Gender, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms: A Longitudinal Study of Early Adolescents.  

PubMed

Does anxiety lead to depression more for girls than for boys? This study prospectively examines gender differences in the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms in early adolescence. One hundred thirteen 11- to 14-year-old middle school students complete questionnaires assessing depressive symptoms and three dimensions of anxiety (worry and oversensitivity, social concerns and concentration, and physiological anxiety) as well as total anxiety symptoms at an initial assessment and 1 year later. Total anxiety and worry and oversensitivity symptoms are found to predict later depressive symptoms more strongly for girls than for boys. There is a similar pattern of results for social concerns and concentration symptoms, although this does not reach statistical significance. Physiological anxiety predicts later depressive symptoms for both boys and girls. These findings highlight the importance of anxiety for the development of depression in adolescence, particularly worry and oversensitivity among girls. PMID:19756209

Chaplin, Tara M; Gillham, Jane E; Seligman, Martin E P

2009-04-01

214

Effects of imagery ability and visual cues on fear activation among persons with public speaking anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals who self identified as fearful of public speaking were recruited from a university in the Midwest, and brought individually into the research laboratory. Upon arriving, they responded to a series of anxiety-related questionnaires used to assess their fear of public speaking. One additional questionnaire measured subjects' imagery ability. Their responses to the imagery ability questionnaire were used to categorize

David A Christoffersen

2003-01-01

215

Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 116-item parent questionnaire is designed for parents of elementary school children. It is intended to be used with the child's mother, or the person acting as the child's mother. The questionnaire consists of a section devoted to demographic variables and scales measuring 14 parent variables: (1) parent's achievement aspirations for the…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Educational Research Center.

216

Improving Food Frequency Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to improve data quality and ease of administration of standard self-administered food frequency questionnaires, various alternative approaches were tried for inquiring about frequency of consumption, portion size, seasonal intake, and food preparation. Evaluation consisted of a cognitive interviewing method in which respondents verbalize their thought process while completing several variations of a questionnaire. Interviewers observed and asked

AMY F SUBAR; FRANCES E THOMPSON; ALBERT F SMITH; JARED B JOBE; REGINA G ZIEGLER; NANCY POTISCHMAN; ARTHUR SCHATZKIN; ANNE HARTMAN; CHRISTINE SWANSON; LAURA KRUSE; RICHARD B HAYES; DENISE RIEDEL LEWIS; LINDA C HARLAN

1995-01-01

217

Agreement between children and parents when reporting anxiety and depressive symptoms in pediatric epilepsy.  

PubMed

The levels of agreement between self- and parent/proxy-reports of anxiety and depressive symptoms in pediatric epilepsy were evaluated. Data were drawn from 56 pairs of children with epilepsy and at least one parent. Anxiety symptoms were assessed using the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), while depressive symptoms were assessed using the Mood and Feeling Questionnaire (MFQ). Moderate to substantial levels of agreement between raters when reporting various anxiety symptoms, such as panic/somatic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and school phobia symptoms, were observed. Levels of agreement between raters were substantial when reporting depressive symptoms. However, levels of agreement differed if raw or criterion-referenced questionnaires' scores were used. In case of using raw questionnaire scores, substantial agreements appeared when reporting overall anxiety and depressive symptoms. On the other hand, moderate agreements appeared when reporting particular anxiety symptoms with raw questionnaire scores or when using criterion-referenced scores that indicate the presence of certain symptoms in a clinical range. Therefore, it is advisable to include both raters when assessing anxiety and depressive symptoms in pediatric epilepsy. PMID:23032119

Stevanovic, Dejan; Jancic, Jasna; Topalovic, Mirko; Tadic, Ivana

2012-09-29

218

Parenting practices, interpretive biases, and anxiety in Latino children.  

PubMed

A number of factors are believed to confer risk for anxiety development in children; however, cultural variation of purported risk factors remains unclear. We examined relations between controlling and rejecting parenting styles, parental modeling of anxious behaviors, child interpretive biases, and child anxiety in a mixed clinically anxious (n=27) and non-clinical (n=20) sample of Latino children and at least one of their parents. Families completed discussion-based tasks and questionnaires in a lab setting. Results indicated that child anxiety was: linked with parental control and child interpretative biases, associated with parental modeling of anxious behaviors at a trend level, and not associated with low parental acceptance. Findings that controlling parenting and child interpretive biases were associated with anxiety extend current theories of anxiety development to the Latino population. We speculate that strong family ties may buffer Latino children from detrimental effects of perceived low parental acceptance. PMID:23434545

Varela, R Enrique; Niditch, Laura A; Hensley-Maloney, Lauren; Moore, Kathryn W; Creveling, C Christiane

2013-01-05

219

Oxidative stress and anxiety  

PubMed Central

High O2 consumption, modest antioxidant defenses and a lipid-rich constitution make the brain highly vulnerable to redox imbalances. Oxidative damage in the brain causes nervous system impairment. Recently, oxidative stress has also been implicated in depression, anxiety disorders and high anxiety levels. The findings which establish a link between oxidative stress and pathological anxiety have inspired a number of other recent studies focusing on the link between oxidative status and normal anxiety and also on a possible causal relationship between cellular oxidative stress and emotional stress. This review examines the recent discoveries made on the link between oxidative status and normal anxiety levels and the putative role of oxidative stress in genesis of anxiety. We discuss the different opinions and questions that exist in the field and review the methodological approaches that are being used to determine a causal relationship between oxidative and emotional stress.

Rammal, Hassan; Soulimani, Rachid

2009-01-01

220

Neuroimaging in anxiety disorders  

PubMed Central

Over the last few years, neuroimaging techniques have contributed greatly to the identification of the structural and functional neuroanatomy of anxiety disorders. The amygdala seems to be a crucial structure for fear and anxiety, and has consistently been found to be activated in anxiety-provoking situations. Apart from the amygdala, the insula and anterior cinguiate cortex seem to be critical, and all three have been referred to as the “fear network.” In the present article, we review the main findings from three major lines of research. First, we examine human models of anxiety disorders, including fear conditioning studies and investigations of experimentally induced panic attacks. Then we turn to research in patients with anxiety disorders and take a dose look at post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Finally, we review neuroimaging studies investigating neural correlates of successful treatment of anxiety, focusing on exposure-based therapy and several pharmacological treatment options, as well as combinations of both.

Holzschneider, Kathrin; Mulert, Christoph

2011-01-01

221

Westside Test Anxiety Scale Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Westside Test Anxiety Scale is a brief, ten item instrument designed to identify students with anxiety impairments who could benefit from an anxiety-reduction intervention. The scale items cover self-assessed anxiety impairment and cognitions which can impair performance. Correlations between anxiety-reduction as measured by the scale and…

Driscoll, Richard

2007-01-01

222

Psychometric evaluation and normative data for a Swedish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire 15-Item Somatic Symptom Severity Scale.  

PubMed

The lack of an available Swedish version of the Patient Health Questionnaire 15-Item Somatic Symptom Severity Scale (PHQ-15) motivated the present psychometric evaluation of such a version as well as providing normative data for the PHQ-15. Data from 3,406 individuals who took part in the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study in Sweden were used. The respondents constitute a random sample, aged 18 to 79 years, stratified for age and sex. They responded to a Swedish translation of the PHQ-15 as well as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire for assessment of convergent validity. The distribution of PHQ-15 scores was positively skewed and mesokurtic in shape, and the internal consistency of the PHQ-15 was satisfactory. Correlation coefficients between PHQ-15 score and the measures of anxiety, depression, stress and mental/physical exhaustion indicate satisfactory validity. Normative data for PHQ-15 scores as well as for categories of somatic symptom severity are provided. The favorable psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the PHQ-15 suggest use of this instrument for quantification of somatization in Swedish and similar populations, and has the advantage of available normative data. PMID:23294182

Nordin, Steven; Palmquist, Eva; Nordin, Maria

2013-01-07

223

A Psychometric Analysis of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales—Parent Version in a School Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale—Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a parent-report questionnaire of youth anxiety\\u000a and depression with scales corresponding to the DSM diagnoses of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive\\u000a disorder, and major depressive disorder. The RCADS-P was recently developed and has previously demonstrated strong psychometric\\u000a properties in a clinic-referred sample (Ebesutani et

Chad Ebesutani; Bruce F. Chorpita; Charmaine K. Higa-McMillan; Brad J. Nakamura; Jennifer Regan; Roxanna E. Lynch

2011-01-01

224

Anxiety and somatization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrary to self-reports, most patients with chronic anxiety disorders exhibit increased muscle tension but not autonomic hyperarousal when at rest. Under everyday stress they tend to react with less physiological flexibility than normal controls. However, they overreact subjectively and physiologically to stimuli that are anxiety-provoking. Diminished physiological flexibility (DPF) may be caused by anxiety-induced cerebral overresponse to neutral stimuli, leading

Rudolf Hoehn-Saric

2006-01-01

225

Anxiety in primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders are common within primary care (PC) settings and are associated with patient functional impairment, distress,\\u000a and high utilization of medical care services. Data from PC settings indicate that detection of anxiety disorders is low.\\u000a Furthermore, adequate psychosocial and pharmacologic treatment of anxiety disorders in accordance with empirically validated\\u000a guidelines remains low in PC. When patients do receive treatment

Kristen Hope Demertzis; Michelle G. Craske

2006-01-01

226

Gratitude lessens death anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether a brief gratitude induction could reduce death anxiety. 83 Chinese older adults (mean age = 62.7,\\u000a SD = 7.13) were randomly assigned into one of three conditions: gratitude, hassle, and neutral, in which they wrote different\\u000a types of life events before responding to measures of death anxiety and affect. Participants in the gratitude induction reported\\u000a lower death anxiety than the

Rosanna W. L. Lau; Sheung-Tak Cheng

2011-01-01

227

Cancer pain and anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety and pain can be understood with a multidimensional framework that accounts for somatic, emotional, cognitive, and\\u000a behavioral aspects of these conditions. Patients who have cancer or treatment-related pain are more likely to be anxious than\\u000a cancer patients without pain. Patients with cancer pain and anxiety cause difficult diagnostic dilemmas because some degree\\u000a of anxiety is a normal response to

Paul D. Thielking

2003-01-01

228

Self-presentational concerns and competitive anxiety.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of the link between self-presentational concerns and competitive anxiety. Specifically, we examined (a) associations among self-presentational concerns and competitive state anxiety dimensional symptom responses using the modified Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2; Martens, Vealey, & Burton, 1990) and (b) whether self-presentational concerns mediate trait-state anxiety relationships. In addressing these matters, we also examined the factor structure and composition of the Self-Presentation in Sport Questionnaire (SPSQ; Wilson & Eklund, 1998). Results showed that self-presentational concerns were positively associated with intensity and frequency dimensional symptoms and negatively associated with direction symptoms. Results also showed that self-presentational concerns demonstrated consistently higher associations with the cognitive component and the intensity symptom of the CSAI-2 state measures. Results showed no support for the notion that self-presentational concerns mediate the trait-state anxiety relationship. When examining the factor structure and composition of the SPSQ, the results from two independent athlete samples support the tenability of an abbreviated 21-item four-factor model. Thus the newly constituted scale is recommended for measuring self-presentational concerns in sport. PMID:18648111

McGowan, Erin; Prapavessis, Harry; Wesch, Natascha

2008-06-01

229

Generalized anxiety disorder is under-recognized in clinical practice in patients with alcohol dependence in France.  

PubMed

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a frequent disabling disorder that often occurs with alcohol dependence. However comorbidity between substance use disorders and psychiatric disorders is often under-diagnosed. This study tried to evaluate an under-recognition of GAD by clinicians in alcoholic inpatients. Two groups of alcohol-dependent inpatients, hospitalized in the same non-academic psychiatric hospital in France, were included. The first group (Group 1) (n = 205) was included retrospectively within all patients hospitalized for alcohol dependence from may to November 2007. A record review was performed to determine the number of GAD (and other psychiatric disorders) diagnosis which was reported on these files by the clinicians. The second group (Group 2) (n = 199) was included prospectively from May to November 2008. GAD diagnosis was screened with the Worry and Anxiety Questionnaire and then confirmed with the Mini International Neurodiagnostic Interview. The two groups were similar in terms of social and demographic variables. GAD prevalence rate was significantly higher in Group 2 (30.7% with Confidence Interval [0.242; 0.371]) than in Group 1 (2.4% with Confidence Interval [0.003; 0.045]). This study confirms our hypothesis of an under-recognition of GAD by clinicians in alcohol dependant inpatients. It also confirms the high prevalence rate of comorbidity between alcohol dependence and GAD. PMID:23079243

Charriau, Violaine; Elyakoubi, M'hammed; Millet, Bruno; Drapier, Dominique; Robin, Didier; Moirand, Romain

2012-10-15

230

Parental authority questionnaire.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness. PMID:16370893

Buri, J R

1991-08-01

231

Analysis and Comparison of a County Hospital and Private Hospital Emergency Room in Duval County, Florida.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results of a study comparing emergency room utilization in a private hospital and a county hospital in Jacksonville, Florida are reported. Questionnaires incorporating information accumulated in a study of Cincinnati Hospital Council emergency rooms were ...

1970-01-01

232

Benchmarks for multidimensional recovery after burn injury in young adults: the development, validation, and testing of the American Burn Association/Shriners Hospitals for Children young adult burn outcome questionnaire.  

PubMed

Although data exist on burn survival, there are little data on long-term burn recovery. Patient-centered health outcomes are useful in monitoring and predicting recovery and evaluating treatments. An outcome questionnaire for young adult burn survivors was developed and tested. This 5-year (2003-2008) prospective, controlled, multicenter study included burned and nonburned adults ages 19 to 30 years. The Young Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaires were completed at initial contact, 10 days, and 6 and 12 months. Factor analysis established construct validity. Reliability assessments used Cronbach ? and test-retest. Recovery patterns were investigated using generalized linear models, with generalized estimating equations using mixed models and random effects. Burned (n = 153) and nonburned subjects (n = 112) completed 620 questionnaires (47 items). Time from injury to first questionnaire administration was 157 ± 36 days (mean ± SEM). Factor analysis included 15 factors: Physical Function, Fine Motor Function, Pain, Itch, Social Function Limited by Physical Function, Perceived Appearance, Social Function Limited by Appearance, Sexual Function, Emotion, Family Function, Family Concern, Satisfaction With Symptom Relief, Satisfaction With Role, Work Reintegration, and Religion. Cronbach ? ranged from 0.72 to 0.92, with 11 scales >0.8. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.29 to 0.94, suggesting changes in underlying health status after burns. Recovery curves in five domains, Itch, Perceived Appearance, Social Function Limited by Appearance, Family Concern, and Satisfaction with Symptom Relief, remained below the reference group at 24 months. The Young Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument for multidimensional functional outcomes assessment. Recovery in some domains was incomplete. PMID:23511284

Ryan, Colleen M; Schneider, Jeffrey C; Kazis, Lewis E; Lee, Austin; Li, Nien-Chen; Hinson, Michelle; Bauk, Helena; Peck, Michael; Meyer, Walter J; Palmieri, Tina; Pidcock, Frank S; Reilly, Debra; Tompkins, Ronald G

233

Symptoms of anxiety and depression in adolescent students; a perspective from Sri Lanka  

PubMed Central

Background Sri Lanka recorded an extraordinary high suicide rate for adolescents aged 15 - 19 in the early 1990s (46.5/100,000). With this in perspective, the Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka recommends school programmes for adolescents by mental health units of local hospitals. Methods We conducted cross sectional surveys to screen for symptoms of anxiety and depression among students aged 14 - 18 during school mental health programmes. Two schools were randomly selected within the Ratnapura municipality (urban population of approx. 50,000), Sri Lanka and all students aged 14-18 were assessed with self administered (pre tested, Sinhalese translations) questionnaires [Center for epidemiologic studies depression scale, Anxiety screening test of suicide and mental health association international]. Results A total of 445 students were assessed (male-54.4%, female 45.6%). Thirty six percent screened positive for depression (mild depression-17%, severe depression-19%) and 28% screened positive for severe anxiety. Females screened positive for depression and anxiety significantly more than the males (p = 0.0001, 0.005 respectively). Students in classes facing barrier examinations at the end of the year had the highest positivity rates. Examination related issues (36%) were the most commonly cited problem. Recommendations It is recommended that: 1. School mental health development programmes in Sri Lanka concentrate more on reducing examination related stress, and in particular focus on the female students 2. Policy decisions are made to reduce competition for higher education 3. A nationally coordinated survey on mental health of adolescent students is carried out utilizing the island-wide network of medical officers of mental health.

2010-01-01

234

Anxiety Disorders Association of America  

MedlinePLUS

... Brochures Resources Children and Teens Childhood Anxiety Disorders PTSD Symptoms in Children Age Six and Younger Anxiety and Depression Podcasts About Children and Teens Treatment Choosing a Therapist for Your Child Helping Children and Teens With Anxiety ...

235

Anxiety Disorders Information: Helping Others  

MedlinePLUS

... Brochures Resources Children and Teens Childhood Anxiety Disorders PTSD Symptoms in Children Age Six and Younger Anxiety and Depression Podcasts About Children and Teens Treatment Choosing a Therapist for Your Child Helping Children and Teens With Anxiety ...

236

Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia)  

MedlinePLUS

... phobia, everyday interactions cause irrational anxiety, fear, self-consciousness and embarrassment. Social anxiety disorder is a chronic ... other health conditions can increase feelings of self-consciousness and may trigger social anxiety disorder in some ...

237

Fear and anxiety as separable emotions: an investigation of the revised reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality.  

PubMed

The Gray and McNaughton (2000) theory draws on a wide range of animal data to hypothesize that the emotions of fear and anxiety are separable. The authors tested their hypothesis in two studies. The first study examined associations between scores on questionnaire measures of fear, anxiety, and neuroticism; correlational analysis revealed that fear and anxiety are not interchangeable constructs. The second study examined associations between scores on questionnaire measures of fear/anxiety and performance in a military training setting; regression analysis revealed that fear captured significant variance in performance that was not shared with anxiety. These results imply that hypotheses derived from nonhuman animal data may hold important implications for understanding human emotion and motivation, especially in relation to fear and anxiety. PMID:17516804

Perkins, Adam M; Kemp, Samantha E; Corr, Philip J

2007-05-01

238

Phraselator Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire designed to elicit Soldier judgments of, and comments about, the upgraded Phraselator speech translation device was completed by seven personnel serving in Iraq. Aggregate responses to yes or no questions are provided, as are the frequency...

J. D. Walrath

2009-01-01

239

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

240

The psychometric properties of the Greek version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory in cancer patients receiving palliative care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To validate the Greek version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) in a sample of cancer patients. Design: The scale was administered twice, with a 3-day interval, to 99 eligible patients with cancer. Together with the Greek version of STAI scale, the patients also completed the anxiety subscale from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD). Observations: Factor analysis

Kyriaki Mystakidou; Eleni Tsilika; Efi Parpa; Pavlos Sakkas; Lambros Vlahos

2009-01-01

241

A pilot study addressing the effect of aromatherapy massage on mood, anxiety and relaxation in adult mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was carried out with eight subjects specifically referred for aromatherapy; each received a standardised aromatherapy massage weekly for 6 weeks. The subjects’ levels of anxiety and depression were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale prior to the first massage and after the final massage. The subjects’ levels of mood, anxiety and relaxation were recorded using

Jennifer Edge

2003-01-01

242

The functional status questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive functional assessment requires thorough and careful inquiry, which is difficult to accomplish in most busy\\u000a clinical practices. This paper examines the reliability and validity of the Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), a brief,\\u000a standardized, self-administered questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive and feasible assessment of physical, psychological,\\u000a social and role function in ambulatory patients. The FSQ can be completed

Alan M. Jette; Allyson R. Davies; Paul D. Cleary; David R. Calkins; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Arlene Fink; Jacqueline Kosecoff; Roy T. Young; Robert H. Brook; Thomas L. Delbanco

1986-01-01

243

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

244

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

245

The effects of relaxation on reducing depression, anxiety and stress in women who underwent mastectomy for breast cancer  

PubMed Central

Background: Breast cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies among Iranian women. These patients suffer from a wide range of physical and mental (depression, anxiety and stress) signs and symptoms during the diagnostic and therapeutic processes. Despite the improvement in survival rates due to advances in medical care, different types of psychosocial interventions are still growingly needed considering the increasing number of cancer patients with longer survival times. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of relaxation on depression, anxiety and stress in women who underwent mastectomy for breast cancer. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was conducted during about 4.5 months in a referral chemotherapy clinic of a teaching hospital in Isfahan, Iran. The participants consisted of 48 breast cancer patients who were selected by simple random sampling. They were randomly assigned into two groups of control and case. The control group was treated only by usual medical therapy, whereas the case group was treated by combined medical-relaxation therapy. Data collection tools were the validated Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS42) and a demographic questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS using descriptive statistics, repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi-square test and paired t-test.. Findings: The baseline mean scores of depression, anxiety and stress were not significantly different between the case and control groups. However, the scores in the case group improved significantly after the treatment (p < 0.05). On the contrary, such improvement was not seen in the control group. Conclusions: Relaxation therapy can be effective in the improvement of depression, anxiety and stress. Therefore, it can be recommended as an effective care program in patients with malignant disorders.

Kashani, Fahimeh; Babaee, Sima; Bahrami, Masoud; Valiani, Mahboobeh

2012-01-01

246

Rejection Sensitivity Mediates the Relationship between Social Anxiety and Body Dysmorphic Concerns  

PubMed Central

The goal of this study was to examine the role of rejection sensitivity in the relationship between social anxiety and body dysmorphic concerns. To test our hypothesis that rejection sensitivity mediates the link between social anxiety and body dysmorphic concerns, we administered self-report questionnaires to 209 student volunteers. Consistent with our prediction, rejection sensitivity partially mediated the relationship between social anxiety symptoms and body dysmorphic concerns. The implications of the overlap between these constructs are discussed.

Fang, Angela; Asnaani, Anu; Gutner, Cassidy; Cook, Courtney; Wilhelm, Sabine; Hofmann, Stefan G.

2011-01-01

247

Does meta-cognitive theory enhance our understanding of pathological worry and anxiety?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests several tenets of Wells’ meta-cognitive theory of Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) by using the Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire (MCQ), which was designed to measure meta-cognition in GAD. The MCQ Cognitive Confidence subscale (MCQ-CC) predicted anxiety symptoms even after controlling for both trait anxiety and trait worry. In addition, the MCQ Uncontrollability and Danger (MCQ-UD) subscale had the highest correlation

Robert N Davis; David P Valentiner

2000-01-01

248

Child anxiety in primary care: prevalent but untreated.  

PubMed

We present prevalence and treatment utilization rates for child anxiety disorders in a university-affiliated primary care clinic. Families were recruited from a pediatric patient list and 714 families participated in an initial study wherein they completed child anxiety questionnaires. According to parent and child self-report questionnaires (n=714), 22% and 20% of children, respectively, were above a suggested clinical cutoff on a brief anxiety screen; 19% and 14% of children exceeded clinical cutoffs on a separate social anxiety questionnaire. All families were invited to participate in a second study that included the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children-Parent Version and questions about treatment utilization; telephone interviews with 190 parents showed 1-year prevalence rates of DSM-IV child disorders to be 10.0% (se=2.2%) for specific phobia, 6.8% (se=1.8%) for social phobia, 3.2% (se=1.3%) for generalized anxiety disorder, 0.5% (se=.7%) for selective mutism, 1.6% (se=.9%) for major depressive disorder, 1.1% (se=.7%) for dysthymia, and 12.6% (se=2.4%) for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Among children with a current anxiety disorder, 31% had received counseling or medication treatment during their lifetime, compared to 40% of children with depression and 79% with ADHD. Adolescent age and being Caucasian were predictors of psychotherapy use; having an ADHD diagnosis was a predictor of both psychotherapy and medication use. The high prevalence of impairing anxiety disorders, in concert with the very low extent of treatment utilization, suggests a need for methods to identify and disseminate empirically validated treatments for these disorders in the primary care setting. PMID:15643639

Chavira, Denise A; Stein, Murray B; Bailey, Kelly; Stein, Martin T

2004-01-01

249

Factors accounting for the association between anxiety and depression, and eczema: the Hordaland health study (HUSK)  

PubMed Central

Background The association between anxiety and depression, and eczema is well known in the literature, but factors underlying this association remain unclear. Low levels of omega-3 fatty acids and female gender have been found to be associated with both depression and eczema. Somatization and health anxiety are known to be associated with anxiety and depression, further, somatization symptoms and health anxiety have also been found in several dermatological conditions. Accordingly, omega-3 fatty acid supplement, female gender, somatization and health anxiety are possible contributing factors in the association between anxiety and depression, and eczema. The aim of the study is to examine the relevance of proposed contributing factors for the association between anxiety and depression, and eczema, including, omega-3 fatty acid supplement, female gender, health anxiety and somatization. Methods Anxiety and depression was measured in the general population (n = 15715) employing the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Information on eczema, female gender, omega-3 fatty acid supplement, health anxiety and somatization was obtained by self-report. Results Somatization and health anxiety accounted for more than half of the association between anxiety/depression, and eczema, while the other factors examined were of minor relevance for the association of interest. Conclusions We found no support for female gender and omega-3 fatty acid supplement as contributing factors in the association between anxiety/depression, and eczema. Somatization and health anxiety accounted for about half of the association between anxiety/depression, and eczema, somatization contributed most. The association between anxiety/depression, and eczema was insignificant after adjustment for somatization and health anxiety. Biological mechanisms underlying the mediating effect of somatization are yet to be revealed.

2010-01-01

250

The validity of questionnaire measures for assessing depression after stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Depression has been reported to occur frequently after stroke. The aim of the study was to assess the validity of questionnaire measures for screening for depression after stroke.Design: Cross-sectional correlational study between questionnaire measures of mood and psychiatric interview.Setting: Hospital and community.Participants: Stroke patients were recruited from hospital wards and from a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy.Main

N. B. Lincoln; C. R. Nicholl; T. Flannaghan; M. Leonard; E Van der Gucht

2003-01-01

251

The Relation between Gender Role Orientation and Fear and Anxiety in Nonclinic-Referred Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relation between gender role orientation and fear and anxiety in a sample of nonclinic-referred children (N = 209) ages 10 to 13 years. Children and their parents completed questionnaires assessing children's gender role orientation, toy and activity preferences, and fear and anxiety. Results generally indicated that…

Muris, Peter; Meesters, Cor; Knoops, Miranda

2005-01-01

252

Impact of Online Discussion on Elementary Teacher Candidates' Anxiety towards Teaching Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of online discussion of anxiety towards teaching mathematics (ATTM) on elementary teacher candidates' ATTM. Participants (N = 39) in elementary mathematics methods classes completed Anxiety Towards Teaching Mathematics Questionnaire immediately before and after 8 weeks of online discussion of ATTM. It was found…

Liu, Fuchang

2008-01-01

253

Stress, anxiety and depression among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a replication of a previous study of the incidence and contributing factors in anxiety, depression and stress in Victorian parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a sample of 107 Gold Coast parents completed a questionnaire that assessed their demographic backgrounds, anxiety and depression scores on standardised inventories, and also tapped several aspects of those factors that

Vicki Bitsika; Christopher F. Sharpley

2004-01-01

254

College Students' Preferences for Psychotherapy Across Depression, Anxiety, Relationship, and Academic Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examined differences in college students' preferences for processes of change across four kinds of problems: academic, relationship, depression, and anxiety. Two hundred eighteen undergraduates were randomly assigned to complete either an academic problems, relationship problems, depression, or anxiety Processes of Change Questionnaire along with the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Services Scale. Results revealed significant differences for

Aaron W. Joyce; Michael J. Ross; Jillon S. Vander Wal; Chammie C. Austin

2009-01-01

255

Causative and protective effects of sport injury trait anxiety on injuries in German University sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present prospective study, we examine relationships between sport injury anxiety, injury history, and the occurrence of injuries. Using the Sport Injury Trait Anxiety Scale (SITAS), 114 male and 92 female sport students were questioned on their concern for sustaining an injury. Furthermore, injury history was assessed using a retrospective-oriented questionnaire concerning foregoing 1-year and 5-year periods of sport

Jens Kleinert

2002-01-01

256

Multiplicative Measurements of a Trait Anxiety Scale as Predictors of Burnout  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether combining the two dimensions of anxiety (i.e., intensity and direction) by using a multiplicative model would strengthen the prediction of burnout. Collegiate athletes (N = 157) completed the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire as well as a trait version of the Competitive State Anxiety

Cremades, J. Gualberto; Wated, Guillermo; Wiggins, Matthew S.

2011-01-01

257

Adolescent Suicidal Behavior and Popular Self-Report Instruments of Depression, Social Desirability, and Anxiety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (n=150) completed Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire and self-report inventories of depression, hopelessness, social desirability, and anxiety. Found significant correlations between self-report instruments and suicidal behaviors. Findings may be a result of the fact that anxiety and depression are often found together in clinical…

Connell, David K.; Meyer, Robert G.

1991-01-01

258

Relation between death anxiety, belief in afterlife, and locus of control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administered a 4-part questionnaire, including Rotter's Internal-External Control Scale, the Death Anxiety Scale, Belief in Afterlife Scale-Form A, and the Fear of Death Scale, to 300 college-age Ss. Results did not support the hypothesized relationship between belief in an external locus of control and death anxiety or between externality and belief in afterlife.

Alan L. Berman; James E. Hays

1973-01-01

259

Effects of Language Anxiety on Three Proficiency-Level Courses of Spanish as a Foreign Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the effects of language anxiety on course achievement in three foreign language proficiency levels of Spanish, namely, beginner, intermediate, and advanced. Participants completed the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986) and a background questionnaire. Results showed that language…

Marcos-Llinas, Monica; Garau, Maria Juan

2009-01-01

260

Effects of priming thoughts about control on anxiety and food intake as moderated by dietary restraint  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was designed to examine: (a) if activating thoughts about control affects anxiety and food intake and (b) if those effects are moderated by dietary restraint. Eighty female undergraduates were administered the Dietary Restraint questionnaire and were primed for cognitions of control or of lack of control. The participants' perceptions of control over food consumption, their state anxiety, and

Ken J. Rotenberg; Claire Lancaster; Julie Marsden; Sarah Pryce; Juliet Williams; Paul Lattimore

2005-01-01

261

Students' Anxiety towards the Learning of Chemistry in Some Nigerian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study was designed to find out students' anxiety towards the learning of chemistry, identify the factors that cause the anxiety, examine the disposition of sex towards the learning of chemistry and suggest ways to increase their taste towards the learning of the subject. Data for the study was obtained by administering a questionnaire to 300…

Jegede, S. A.

2007-01-01

262

Some psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale with cross validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To assess the factorial structure and construct validity for the Chinese version of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in March 2006 from adults in the Beijing area. The questionnaire consisted of sections to assess for participants' demographic profile and dental attendance patterns, the Chinese MDAS and the anxiety items from

Siyang Yuan; Ruth Freeman; Satu Lahti; Ffion Lloyd-Williams; Gerry Humphris

2008-01-01

263

Confirming the Distinctiveness of Complicated Grief from Depression and Anxiety Among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies in adult populations have shown that symptoms of complicated grief (CG) constitute a form of bereavement-related distress distinct from symptoms of depression and anxiety. The purpose of this article is to replicate these findings in two samples of bereaved adolescents by investigating the latent structure of symptoms of CG, anxiety, and depression measured by self-report questionnaires. The first study

Let Dillen; Johnny R. J. Fontaine; Leni Verhofstadt-Denève

2009-01-01

264

Nocturnal Orgasm in College Women: Its Relation to Dreams and Anxiety Associated with Sexual Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A total of 774 female undergraduates were administered a structured questionnaire and an anxiety scale. It was found that women do experience nocturnal orgasms during sleep. Differences were found according to year at school as well as a positive correlation between level of anxiety and sexual excitement. (MS)|

Henton, Comradge L.

1976-01-01

265

Metacognition as a Mediator of the Effect of Test Anxiety on a Surface Approach to Studying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the role of metacognition as a mediator of the effect of test anxiety on a surface approach to studying. The following scales were completed by 109 undergraduate social sciences students: Approaches and Study Skills Inventories for Students (ASSIST), Metacognitions Questionnaire (MCQ), and Test Anxiety Scale (TAS).…

Spada, Marcantonio M.; Nikcevic, Ana V.; Moneta, Giovanni B.; Ireson, Judy

2006-01-01

266

Acquisition and maintenance of dental anxiety: the role of conditioning experiences and cognitive factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a contribution to the understanding of the mechanisms that are involved in the development and maintenance of dental anxiety. Subjects were 224 undergraduate psychology students who completed questionnaires regarding dental anxiety, painful and traumatic experiences, negative cognitions, dental beliefs, and how their attitude to dental treatment had changed during their life. The results showed that both the

A. De Jongh; P. Murris; G. Ter Horst; M. P. M. A. Duyx

1995-01-01

267

Daily and Nightly Anxiety Among Patients Affected by Night Eating Syndrome and Binge Eating Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

We tested if there were any differences about nocturnal and diurnal anxiety between patients either affected by Binge Eating Disorder (BED) or Night eating Syndrome (NES). Fifty four patients affected by BED, 13 by NES and 16 by both BED and NES were tested using the Self Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and the Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire (SDQ). Their nocturnal eating

Sandra Sassaroli; Giovanni Maria Ruggiero; Piergiuseppe Vinai; Silvia Cardetti; Gabriella Carpegna; Noemi Ferrato; Paola Vallauri; Donatella Masante; Silvio Scarone; Sara Bertelli; Roberta Bidone; Luca Busetto; Simona Sampietro

2009-01-01

268

Peanut Allergy in Children: Relationships to Health-Related Quality of Life, Anxiety, and Parental Stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peanut allergy prevalence appears to be increasing in the pediatric population and pediatricians need to be aware how it may affect children’s psychological functioning. This study examined relationships between health-related quality of life, child anxiety, and parental stress in children with peanut allergy. A total of 51 families completed questionnaires regarding child anxiety, parenting stress, and quality of life. Child

Kimberlee M. Roy; Michael C. Roberts

2011-01-01

269

An Investigation into the Choral Singer's Experience of Music Performance Anxiety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the performance experiences of choral singers with respect to music performance anxiety. Members of seven semiprofessional choirs (N = 201) completed questionnaires pertaining to their experience of performance anxiety in the context of their performance history, their experience with conductors, and their…

Ryan, Charlene; Andrews, Nicholle

2009-01-01

270

Immunizing against depression and anxiety after spinal cord injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To further report on the effectiveness of early psychological intervention in reducing anxiety and depressive mood in persons with spinal cord injury 2 years after injury.Design: A nonrandomized, longitudinal, controlled trial.Setting, Outcome Measures, and Intervention: Twenty-eight spinal cord injured persons participated in group cognitive behavior therapy during hospital rehabilitation. They were assessed for depressive mood and anxiety before, immediately

Ashley R. Craig; Karen Hancock; Esther Chang; Hugh Dickson

1998-01-01

271

Early intra-intensive care unit psychological intervention promotes recovery from post traumatic stress disorders, anxiety and depression symptoms in critically ill patients  

PubMed Central

Introduction Critically ill patients who require intensive care unit (ICU) treatment may experience psychological distress with increasing development of psychological disorders and related morbidity. Our aim was to determine whether intra-ICU clinical psychologist interventions decrease the prevalence of anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after 12 months from ICU discharge. Methods Our observational study included critical patients admitted before clinical psychologist intervention (control group) and patients who were involved in a clinical psychologist program (intervention group). The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Impact of Event Scale-Revised questionnaires were used to assess the level of posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression symptoms. Results The control and intervention groups showed similar demographic and clinical characteristics. Patients in the intervention group showed lower rates of anxiety (8.9% vs. 17.4%) and depression (6.5% vs. 12.8%) than the control group on the basis of HADS scores, even if the differences were not statistically significant. High risk for PTSD was significantly lower in patients receiving early clinical psychologist support than in the control group (21.1% vs. 57%; P < 0.0001). The percentage of patients who needed psychiatric medications at 12 months was significantly higher in the control group than in the patient group (41.7% vs. 8.1%; P < 0.0001). Conclusions Our results suggest that that early intra-ICU clinical psychologist intervention may help critically ill trauma patients recover from this stressful experience.

2011-01-01

272

The social anxiety spectrum.  

PubMed

Social anxiety disorder is well suited to the spectrum concept because it has trait-like qualities of early onset, chronicity, and no empirically derived threshold that demarcates normal from clinically significant trait social anxiety. Social anxiety disorder has been shown to respond to relatively specific pharmacologic and cognitive-behavioral therapies, which makes identification of other conditions that may lie on the social anxiety disorder spectrum important because of possible treatment implications. Biologic markers associated with social anxiety disorder also may be shared by similar but nonidentical traits, such as behavioral inhibition and detachment. Clarification of the trait spectrums associated with specific biologic systems offers an opportunity for improving the understanding of the origin of these conditions. Strong evidence exists that at least some forms of shyness, avoidant personality disorder, and selective mutism lie on a social anxiety disorder spectrum. For several other disorders that share a prominent focus on social comparison, significant subgroups of patients seem to have features of social anxiety disorder. These disorders include major depression (especially the atypical subtype), body dysmorphic disorder, and eating disorders. Several other disorders marked by social dysfunction or inhibition, including substance use disorders (especially alcoholism), paranoid disorder, bipolar disorder, autism, and Asperger's disorder, also may show some overlap with social anxiety disorder features (e.g., social anxiety as a cause or complication of substance abuse, social avoidance in paranoid disorder, social disinhibiton in bipolar disorder, and social communication deficits in autism and Asperger's disorder). Social anxiety disorder also is associated with other anxiety disorders in general and other phobias in particular. In respect to traits, a growing body of evidence links behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar to a social anxiety disorder spectrum with some specificity. Biologic measures of dopamine system hypoactivity have been linked to social anxiety disorder, trait detachment, and general deficits in reward and incentive function. It remains to be clarified, however, whether this brain system function is best characterized by a social anxiety disorder spectrum or some variant that incorporates social reward deficits or social avoidance behavior. Social anxiety disorder, shyness, and behavioral inhibition all seem to have a genetic component, but more research is needed to attempt to identify a more specifically heritable temperament associated with these conditions. Finally, the emergent concept of a social anxiety spectrum needs maturation. Although the notion of a single social anxiety disorder spectrum currently has some clinical use, the authors believe that exclusive focus on the notion of a single continuum with two extremes--from social disinhibition in mania to the most severe form of social anxiety, avoidant personality disorder--is premature and limiting in respect to etiologic research. An alternative approach is to conceptualize multiple, probably overlapping spectra in this area of social psychopathology. Individual dimensions might be based on various core phenomenologic, cognitive, or biologic characteristics. A bottom-up biologic approach holds promise for identifying spectra with a common etiology that might respond to specific treatments. Taking a pluralistic view of the concept of spectrum at this stage may help accelerate our understanding of social anxiety and related disorders. PMID:12462859

Schneier, Franklin R; Blanco, Carlos; Antia, Smita X; Liebowitz, Michael R

2002-12-01

273

Medical and nursing students crying in hospital settings.  

PubMed

Crying may be described as a loss of control, the result of feelings of helplessness and inadequacy, or a sign of suffering. It may occur in a variety of situations, such as unhappiness, sadness, illness, death, anxiety, pain, or failure, but it can also arise from joy and fulfillment. Crying is frequently observed in hospitals. The aim of this study was to determine the crying patterns of undergraduate medical and nursing students. The study design included non-experimental, descriptive research using a self-report questionnaire. Of the 130 students who completed the questionnaire, 90 were medical students and 40 were nursing students. Seventy-nine of the students were women, and 51 were men. All of the students were in their last semester of study. Many of the medical and nursing students reported having cried in a hospital. Of students who had cried, 90% were women, and 10% were men. Medical students usually cried outside the hospital setting, whereas nursing students usually cried in the nurses' room. Personal problems faced by students during their education were the primary reason for crying. Although more than half of the students felt relaxed after crying, only the nursing students sought comfort from the people around them. These findings should be useful in the development and continuous improvement of the curricula of medical and nursing students. PMID:17058698

Kukulu, Kamile; Keser, Ilkay

2006-10-01

274

Body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety and depressive symptoms in Chinese medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim  This cross-sectional study explored the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction, body dysmorphic disorder, social anxiety\\u000a and depressive symptoms in first-year medical students in China.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A self-report survey design was employed, using the Body Shape Questionnaire, Swansea Muscularity Attitudes Questionnaire,\\u000a Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, Dysmorphic Concern Questionnaire, Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Body Dysmorphic Disorder\\u000a Questionnaire. A total of 487 first-year

Yanhui Liao; Natalie P. Knoesen; Yunlong Deng; Jinsong Tang; David J. Castle; Riteesh Bookun; Wei Hao; Xiaogang Chen; Tieqiao Liu

2010-01-01

275

Rural hospital health promotion: Programs, methods, resource limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most hospitals provide health promotion programs for community residents. There is little information concerning the specific types of services offered by rural hospitals. A questionnaire was sent to every acute care hospital in Iowa (N=124), including 99 rural hospitals and 25 urban hospitals. Surveys were returned from 95 rural hospitals (96%) and 20 urban hospitals (80%). Results indicated that 98.9%

Michael S. Hendryx

1993-01-01

276

Anxiety as an “epistemic” emotion: An uncertainty theory of anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to provide a conceptual framework placing anxiety in a perceived control perspective. We analyse the basic cognitive components of anxiety with reference to the need for control, both pragmatic and epistemic. We address the difference between fear and anxiety by pointing to the special role played in anxiety by the need for epistemic control and uncertainty reduction.

Maria Miceli; Cristiano Castelfranchi

2005-01-01

277

Factors influencing hospital infection control policies in Italian hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was undertaken to determine the resources available in Italian hospitals for the control of nosocomial infections and the factors favouring a successful approach. During January–May 2000 a questionnaire about infection control was sent to the hospital health director of all Italian National Health System hospitals treating acute patients and with more than 3500 admissions in 1999. An active

S. Brusaferro; R. Quattrin; F. Barbone; D. D'Alessandro; G. F. Finzi

2003-01-01

278

Anxiety comorbidity in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Diagnostic and treatment hierarchical reductionisms have led to an oversight of anxiety syndromes in schizophrenia. Nevertheless, recent data have indicated that anxiety can be a significant source of morbidity in this patient group. This paper reviews current knowledge concerning anxiety comorbidity in schizophrenia, its epidemiology, course, and treatment. A computerized search of the literature published from 1966 to July 2012 was conducted on Medline. Comorbid anxiety disorders are present in 38.3% of subjects with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. The most common anxiety disorder is social phobia followed by post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. The presence and severity of symptoms of anxiety are associated with more severe clinical features and poorer outcomes. Available literature on the treatment consists primarily of case reports and open trials. Fragments of data support the notion of treating these anxiety states and syndromes as co-occurring clinical conditions with adjunctive medications and psychosocial interventions. However, additional work remains to be done on this issue before firm conclusions can be drawn. PMID:23932838

Braga, Raphael J; Reynolds, Graham P; Siris, Samuel G

2013-08-07

279

Validation of measures of parents' preoperative anxiety and anesthesia knowledge.  

PubMed

Parents' anxiety about their children's anesthesia may adversely affect the children's outcomes and compromise the quality of informed consent. Studies of these issues have been limited by the lack of validated measures of parental anxiety and knowledge surrounding anesthesia. In the present study, we evaluated psychometric properties of the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) and the Standard Anesthesia Learning Test (SALT) among 85 parents who participated in an evaluation of the effects of a videotape about pediatric anesthesia. The results supported the internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and concurrent validity of both instruments and documented the equivalence of two forms of the SALT. Factor analysis supported the previously demonstrated factor structure of the APAIS, further confirming its construct validity. We conclude that the APAIS and SALT are reliable and valid measures of parental anxiety and knowledge of pediatric anesthesia that can be used for clinical and research purposes. Implications: This study verified the reliability and validity of two questionnaires for measuring parents' knowledge and anxiety about pediatric anesthesia. These questionnaires can be used in further research on factors affecting parental anxiety and knowledge before their children's surgery. PMID:9972736

Miller, K M; Wysocki, T; Cassady, J F; Cancel, D; Izenberg, N

1999-02-01

280

Anxiety Disorders and the Family  

PubMed Central

Family functioning and anxiety disorders, the most prevalent forms of psychiatric disorder, influence one another. The empirical literature on family studies of anxiety disorder (ie, aggregration of disorders within families), on parent-child relationships and anxiety disorders, and on marriage and anxiety disorders is reviewed. Finally, the challenges for patients and their families of post-traumatic stress disorder are discussed.

Hunsley, John

1991-01-01

281

Predictors of Anxiety towards Computers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between anxiety toward computers and variables trait anxiety, anxiety toward mathematics, perceived impact of computers on society, and experience in using computers were studied in a sample of 81 male and 81 female university students. All of these variables were found to influence anxiety toward computers, and a significant…

Farina, F.; And Others

1991-01-01

282

Anxiety Prevention in Indigenous Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety is the most prevalent psychopathology in young people, with up to 18% suffering from one or more anxiety disorders. Early prevention is important, as many signs of anxiety are often evident in childhood and adolescence. Anxiety disorders have negative consequences for academic, social and individual outcomes, and have been shown to be a precursor to depression, suicide and substance

Jenny Adermann; Marilyn Campbell

283

A Psychometric Analysis of the Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale—Parent Version in a Clinical Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale—Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a 47-item parent-report questionnaire of youth\\u000a anxiety and depression, with scales corresponding to the DSM-IV categories of Separation Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia,\\u000a Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The\\u000a RCADS-P is currently the only parent-report questionnaire that concurrently assesses youth symptomatology of individual

Chad Ebesutani; Adam Bernstein; Brad J. Nakamura; Bruce F. Chorpita; John R. Weisz

2010-01-01

284

Questionnaire typography and production.  

PubMed

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

285

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

286

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

287

Satisfaction With Teaching Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SEF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Satisfaction with Teaching Questionnaire was used. In a study by its developers this scale discriminated between students choosing to be teachers and those choosing other…

Merwin, J. C.; DiVesta , F. J.

288

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

289

Subtyping Pathological Gamblers Based on Impulsivity, Depression, and Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined putative subtypes of pathological gamblers (PGs) based on the Pathways model, and it also evaluated whether the subtypes would benefit differentially from treatment. Treatment-seeking PGs (N = 229) were categorized into Pathways subtypes based on scores from questionnaires assessing anxiety, depression, and impulsivity. The Addiction Severity Index—Gambling assessed severity of gambling problems at baseline, posttreatment, and 12-month

David M. Ledgerwood; Nancy M. Petry

2010-01-01

290

Optimism, Pessimism, and Precompetition Anxiety in College Athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of optimistic and pessimistic cognitive styles on performance and precompetition anxiety. Collegiate athletes (female=39; male=35) completed the Defensive Pessimism Questionnaire and were grouped as optimists, defensive pessimists or real pessimists. Defensive pessimism is a strategy through which individuals set low expectations so as to protect themselves from potential failure, but has no adverse effect on

Gregory S Wilson; John S Raglin; Mary E Pritchard

2002-01-01

291

HIV/AIDS-Anxiety among Adolescent Students in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the incidence of HIV/AIDS anxiety among students in Botswana. The sample comprised 240 randomly selected students from six schools in three districts in Botswana, with data collected via a questionnaire. Percentages and Chi-square were used to analyze the extent to which the students were anxious about HIV/AIDS and if…

Onyewadume, Mary Adeola

2008-01-01

292

Anxiety States In Childhood  

PubMed Central

The up-to-date prevention and management of anxiety states in childhood is discussed with particular reference to the different presentations of anxiety and the ways in which preventive measures may be used. Anxiety creating developmental lag, mimicking other conditions, and appearing in very specific forms is mentioned. Techniques for handling are introduced together with some suggestions on the responsibility of the family doctor in this whole area of psychological medicine. In this article, the child is seen as part of a family setting; the effect of disturbances in the family constellation resulting in anxiety for the child is described. Some suggestions for ways in which the physician may be involved in patient and parent education are put forward.

Matthews, Peter C.

1978-01-01

293

Anxiety, Depression, and Exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental and clinical investigations of the effects of acute and chronic exercise on state anxiety or tension and depression are reviewed. Proposed explanations for the association of exercise with improved mood states are also discussed.

Patricia M. Mihevic

1981-01-01

294

Animal Models for Anxiety Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders are characterized by overwhelming anxiety or fear and are chronic and relentless if left untreated. Current\\u000a available treatments for anxiety disorders are inadequate and some have severe side effects, thus warranting a better understanding\\u000a of the etiology and mechanisms underlying anxiety and the development of anxiety disorders. In this chapter, the use of animal\\u000a models to identify molecular

Su Guo

295

Attachment and Parenting in Adult Patients with Anxiety Disorders  

PubMed Central

Background: The literature suggests that dysfunctional parenting and insecure attachment may increase risk of anxiety-related psychopathology. This study aimed at testing the association between anxiety disorders, attachment insecurity and dysfunctional parenting while controlling for factors usually not controlled for in previous studies, such as gender, age, and being ill. Methods: A sample of 32 non-psychotic inpatients with SCID-I diagnosis of an anxiety disorder, either alone or in comorbidity, was compared with two age- and sex-matched control groups consisting of 32 non-clinical participants and 32 in-patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. Study measures included the Experience in Close Relationships questionnaire (ECR) and the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). Results: The patients with anxiety disorders scored significantly higher on attachment-related anxiety and avoidance than patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and non-clinical participants. These findings were independent of comorbidity for mood disorders. ECR scores did not differ among diagnostic subgroups (generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, other anxiety disorders). Patients with anxiety disorders scored significantly lower on PBI mother’s care and borderline significantly lower on PBI father's care than patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. Conclusions: Although limitations such as the relatively small sample size and the cross-sectional nature suggest caution in interpreting these findings, they are consistent with the few previous adult studies performed on this topic and corroborate Bowlby's seminal hypothesis of a link between negative attachment-related experiences, attachment insecurity, and clinical anxiety. Attachment theory provides a useful theoretical framework for integrating research findings from several fields concerning the development of anxiety disorders and for planning therapeutic interventions.

Picardi, Angelo; Caroppo, Emanuele; Fabi, Elisa; Proietti, Serena; Gennaro, Giancarlo Di; Meldolesi, Giulio Nicolo; Martinotti, Giovanni

2013-01-01

296

Anesthesiologists' perception of patients' anxiety under regional anesthesia  

PubMed Central

The aim of this survey is to report anesthesiologists’ perception of patients’ anxiety under regional anesthesia, its frequency, effects and causes, and the strategies employed to reduce it. Electronic questionnaires were sent to all grades of anesthesiologists in Nottingham, UK. The response rate for the survey was 79%. Over half of the anesthesiologists in our region believe that anxiety during regional anesthesia is not common. Surgery and anesthesia, followed by block failure were reported by anesthesiologists as the most common causes of patients’ anxiety. Frequently employed techniques to manage anxiety were communication or sedation. Most respondents felt that regional anesthesia provides good analgesia and patient satisfaction. However, 20% felt that regional anesthesia is painful or unpleasant for patients, perhaps explaining the reluctance by some anesthesiologists to perform regional anesthesia.

Jlala, Hatem A; Bedforth, Nigel M; Hardman, Jonathan G

2010-01-01

297

Anxiety disorders in schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data regarding the co-occurrence of anxiety symptoms or syndromes in schizophrenia is scant. Hierarchical assumptions embedded in diagnostic systems and methodologic difficulties hamper the development of studies on accessory symptomatology outside of the core positive-negative-disorganized symptoms. Recent studies have repeatedly challenged these assumptions by presenting data on comorbid disorders in schizophrenia. We review the current knowledge about anxiety comorbidity in

Raphael J. Braga; Georgios Petrides; Ivan Figueira

2004-01-01

298

Social Anxiety and Withdrawal  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social anxiety, social withdrawal, and social skills are intertwined, but distinct, constructs that can mutually and independently\\u000a have a significant impact on social functioning. Comprehensive definitions and descriptions of social skills are provided\\u000a elsewhere in this volume; however, social anxiety is defined as a fear of negative evaluation by others and low self-confidence\\u000a when performing or interacting in social situations

Peter J. Norton

299

Personality and anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personality traits and most anxiety disorders are strongly related. In this article, we review existing evidence for ways\\u000a in which personality traits may relate to anxiety disorders: 1) as predisposing factors, 2) as consequences, 3) as results\\u000a of common etiologies, and 4) as pathoplastic factors. Based on current information, we conclude the following: 1) Personality\\u000a traits such as high neuroticism,

Mina Brandes; O. Joseph Bienvenu

2006-01-01

300

Reliability of self report questionnaires for epidemiological investigations of adolescent mental health in Cape Town, South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study aimed to assess the reliability of a number of self report questionnaires for epidemiological investigations of adolescents’ mental health in Cape Town, South Africa. The scales used were: the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ), Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-esteem Questionnaire (SEQ), Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS).Method: The self-report

Catherine Rothon; Stephen A Stansfeld; Cathy Mathews; Arlene Kleinhans; Charlotte Clark; Crick Lund; Alan J Flisher

2011-01-01

301

Testosterone Reduces Unconscious Fear but Not Consciously Experienced Anxiety: Implications for the Disorders of Fear and Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The fear-reducing properties of testosterone have been firmly established in animals but not in humans. However, human data on the relation between testosterone, fear, and anxiety have predominantly involved questionnaires that index cortically executed conscious appraisal of anxious mood. Animal studies, on the other hand, indicate that the effects of testosterone on motivation and emotion are of subcortical origin

Jack van Honk; Jiska S. Peper; Dennis J. L. G. Schutter

2005-01-01

302

The effects of music intervention on anxiety in the patient waiting for cardiac catheterization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Hospitalization causes anxiety for many patients. It increases when patients anticipate their turn for cardiac catheterization. Music therapy reduces the psychophysiologic effects of anxiety and stress through the relaxation response.Aim: To determine the effects of music therapy an anxiety, heart rate and arterial blood pressure in patients waiting for their scheduled cardiac catheterization.Methods: In a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design, 101

Wallace J. Hamel

2001-01-01

303

Metacognitive beliefs and processes in clinical anxiety in children.  

PubMed

Recent research has explored the role of metacognitive beliefs and processes in clinical anxiety in youth. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between metacognitions and anxiety in 7- to 12-year-old children with and without clinical anxiety disorders. A secondary aim of the study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the recently developed Metacognitions Questionnaire for Children (MCQ-C). The sample consisted of 83 children (60.2% female; Oceanian 71.1%), comprising 49 children with anxiety disorders and 34 nonclinical children. All children completed self-report measures of anxiety, emotional difficulties, and metacognitions. A subsample of 7- to 8-year-old participants was used to explore whether young children could wholly comprehend all items on the MCQ-C. Positive and negative metacognitive beliefs and cognitive monitoring were significantly correlated with anxiety and emotional difficulties. Clinical children endorsed significantly more negative and more positive metacognitive beliefs than nonclinical children. Each subscale of the MCQ-C had poor internal consistency. Support for the criterion and convergent validity of the MCQ-C was found. The results suggest that certain metacognitions play a role in clinical anxiety in children but that psychometrically and developmentally validated measures of these concepts in younger individuals are needed. PMID:23356384

Smith, Karen E; Hudson, Jennifer L

2013-01-28

304

Relationship Between Group Cohesion and Anxiety in Soccer  

PubMed Central

Group cohesion in sport is a widely spread theme today. Research has found cohesion to be influenced by several individual and group components. Among the cognitive variables that relate to cohesion we found competitive anxiety. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between task cohesion (ATG-T, and GI-T) and competitive state anxiety (A-state), and also if there would be a relation between cohesion and self-confidence. Participants were 366 football players of both genders male and female, aged between 15 to 23 years old, from Portugal’s championships. Cohesion was measured using the Portuguese version of the Group Environment Questionnaire, and to assess competitive anxiety, we used the Portuguese version of the Competition State Anxiety Inventory 2. Our results show that female athletes report experiencing more cognitive anxiety and less self-confidence than male athletes. Only cognitive anxiety relates in a significantly negative way with the perception of cohesion (GI-T e ATG-T) in the total number of participants and in male athletes. Relatively to the somatic anxiety, it only relates negatively with the perception of the integration of the group in the total number of participants and in the male gender.

Borrego, Carla Chicau; Cid, Luis; Silva, Carlos

2012-01-01

305

Assessing children's dental anxiety: a systematic review of current measures.  

PubMed

The reliable assessment of children's dental anxiety can have many benefits for the dental team, service providers and dental public health practitioners. This study aimed to identify and evaluate self-report measures, which are available to assess children's dental anxiety. Systematic searches of the literature between 1998 and 2011 were conducted to identify relevant studies. The properties of each measure (reliability and validity) were assessed, and measures were evaluated against a theoretical framework of dental anxiety. Executing the search strategy generated 498 articles and of these 60 studies met all of the inclusion criteria. Seven 'trait' and two 'state' measures of dental anxiety had been employed to assess children's dental anxiety over the past decade. Reliability and validity estimates for the most widely used measures were good; however, many questionnaires had a limited focus in the aspects of anxiety they assessed. The paper summarizes the measures of children's dental anxiety which may be most useful for a number of different purposes and populations. PMID:22970833

Porritt, Jenny; Buchanan, Heather; Hall, Melanie; Gilchrist, Fiona; Marshman, Zoe

2012-09-12

306

Transdiagnostic Internet treatment for anxiety disorders: A randomized controlled trial.  

PubMed

Clinician-guided Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) programs are clinically effective at treating specific anxiety disorders. The present study examined the efficacy of a transdiagnostic Internet-based cognitive behavioural treatment (iCBT) program to treat more than one anxiety disorder within the same program (the Anxiety Program). Eighty six individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, and/or social phobia were randomly assigned to a treatment group, or to a waitlist control group. Treatment consisted of CBT based online educational lessons and homework assignments, weekly email or telephone contact from a clinical psychologist, access to a moderated online discussion forum, and automated emails. An intention-to-treat model using the baseline-observation-carried-forward principle was employed for data analyses. Seventy-five percent of treatment group participants completed all 6 lessons within the 8 week program. Post-treatment data was collected from 38/40 treatment group and 38/38 control group participants, and 3-month follow-up data was collected from 32/40 treatment group participants. Relative to controls, treatment group participants reported significantly reduced symptoms of anxiety as measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder - 7 Item, Social Phobia Screening Questionnaire, and the Panic Disorder Severity Rating Scale - Self Report Scale, but not on the Penn State Worry Questionnaire, with corresponding between-groups effect sizes (Cohen's d) at post-treatment of 0.78, 0.43, 0.43, and 0.20, respectively. The clinician spent a total mean time of 46min per person over the program, participants rated the procedure as moderately acceptable, and gains were sustained at follow-up. Modifications to the Anxiety program, based on post-treatment feedback from treatment group participants, were associated with improved outcomes in the control group. These results indicate that transdiagnostic programs for anxiety disorders may be successfully administered via the Internet. PMID:20561606

Titov, Nickolai; Andrews, Gavin; Johnston, Luke; Robinson, Emma; Spence, Jay

2010-05-24

307

Negative illness perceptions associated with low mental and physical health status in general hospital outpatients in China.  

PubMed

In western countries, negative illness perceptions are associated with poor health status and affect health outcomes in primary care populations. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between illness perception and mental and physical health status in general hospital outpatients in China. This multicentre, cross-sectional study analysed a total of 281 consecutive patients from four general hospital outpatient departments of internal medicine and traditional Chinese medicine in Beijing and Kunming. The patients answered questionnaires concerning illness perception (Brief-IPQ), somatic symptom severity (Patient Health Questionnaire-15), illness behaviour (Scale for the Assessment of Illness Behaviour), emotional distress (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and health-related quality of life (Twelve-Item Short Form Health Survey). Negative illness perception, especially negative emotional reactions, perceived illness consequences, encumbering illness concerns, and strong illness identity were significantly associated with high emotional distress, impairing illness consequences, and a low mental and physical quality of life. Using a multiple linear regression model, five strongest correlates of negative illness perception were high anxiety, seeking diagnosis verification, low mental and physical quality of life and high somatic symptom severity. The variance explained by this model was 35%. Chinese general hospital outpatients showed associations between negative illness perceptions and poor mental and physical health status that were similar to those of primary care patients in western countries. The main difference was that no association with perceived illness control was found in Chinese patients. Chinese physicians should be sensitised to their patients' negative illness perceptions and should focus on helping patients cope with uncertainty and anxiety by providing an understandable illness model and increasing control beliefs. PMID:23721418

Wu, Heng; Zhao, Xudong; Fritzsche, Kurt; Salm, Florian; Leonhart, Rainer; Jing, Wei; Yang, Jianzhong; Schaefert, Rainer

2013-05-30

308

Development of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire-III  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fear and\\/or anxiety about pain is a useful construct, in both theoretical and clinical terms. This article describes the development and refinement of the Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ), which exists in its most current form as the FPQ-III. Factor analytic refinement resulted in a 30-item FPQ-III which consists of Severe Pain, Minor Pain, and Medical Pain subscales. Internal consistency

Daniel W. McNeil; Avie J. Rainwater

1998-01-01

309

Inverse Correlation Between Cardiac Injury and Cardiac Anxiety: A Potential Role for Communication.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE:: General anxiety in cardiac patients is associated with worsened cardiac course. An acute coronary syndrome (ACS) might evoke specific cardiac anxiety. We explored the characteristics associated with cardiac anxiety in ACS patients. METHODS:: We assessed cardiac anxiety in 237 patients admitted with ACS using the Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire and gathered information on sociodemographic, psychological, and cardiac disease characteristics. Univariate, multivariate logistic, and linear regression analyses were used to determine which characteristics were associated with cardiac anxiety. RESULTS:: Cardiac anxiety was not associated with sociodemographic variables. More severe cardiac injury, as indicated by ST-elevated myocardial infarction and troponin level, was associated with less cardiac anxiety. Psychological variables (depressive symptoms, agoraphobic cognitions, avoidance behavior) were associated with more cardiac anxiety. DISCUSSION:: Cardiac anxiety in ACS patients is associated with more psychological distress but lower severity of cardiac injury as indicated by ST-elevated myocardial infarction and troponin level. Two explanations seem likely for this latter finding. First, anxious persons might seek help earlier, thus being diagnosed more often with minor cardiac pathology. Second, cardiac anxiety might partly be caused by diagnostic uncertainty. Future research should focus on communication strategies to reassure patients more efficiently. PMID:23782865

van Beek, Maria H C T; Oude Voshaar, Richard C; van Deelen, Femke M; van Balkom, Anton J L M; Pop, Gheorghe; Speckens, Anne E M

2013-06-17

310

Aggression among Children with ADHD, Anxiety, or Co-Occurring Symptoms: Competing Exacerbation and Attenuation Hypotheses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competing hypotheses for explaining the role of anxiety in the relation between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and childhood aggression were evaluated. Two studies tested whether anxiety exacerbated, attenuated, or had no effect on the relation between ADHD and aggression subtypes among psychiatrically hospitalized

Becker, Stephen P.; Luebbe, Aaron M.; Stoppelbein, Laura; Greening, Leilani; Fite, Paula J.

2012-01-01

311

The burn specific pain anxiety scale: introduction of a reliable and valid measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The burn specific pain anxiety scale (BSPAS) is a nine-item selfreport scale for the assessment of pain-related and anticipatory anxiety in burned patients. This paper describes a study designed to explore the psychometric properties of the scale. The study used 35 burned patients hospitalized in Rotterdam and Groningen, The Netherlands, to confirm the internal consistency of the instrument and provide

L. A. Taal; A. W. Faber

1997-01-01

312

Psychopathological Correlates of Lifetime Anxiety Comorbidity in Bipolar I Patients: Findings from a French National Cohort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite numerous studies on the comorbidity of bipolar and anxiety disorders, there is no satisfactory psychopathological model for their overlap. Method: 1,090 hospitalized patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for a manic episode of bipolar I disorder were subtyped according to the presence or not of lifetime anxiety comorbidity and assessed for demographic, illness course, clinical, associated condition, temperament, and treatment

Jean-Michel Azorin; Arthur Kaladjian; Marc Adida; Elie G. Hantouche; Ahcene Hameg; Sylvie Lancrenon; Hagop S. Akiskal

2009-01-01

313

Anxiety is not Manifested by Elevated Heart Rate and Blood Pressure in Acutely Ill Cardiac Patients.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Patients with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure are often anxious. Anxiety after acute myocardial infarction may cause in-hospital complications and increased mortality. Clinicians often use heart rate and blood pressure as indicators of anxie...

M. J. DeJong D. K. Moser K. An M. L. Chung

2004-01-01

314

Trait Anxiety and Final Degree Performance at the University of Oxford  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire was administered to 1,929 applicants to Oxford University, including measures of trait anxiety, behavioural response to examinations and to breakdown in relationships. 635 of these applicants were admitted to the university and of these, 383 also responded to a questionnaire administered 4 years later, just before their final…

Mellanby, Jane; Zimdars, Anna

2011-01-01

315

The relationship among bullying, victimization, depression, anxiety, and aggression in elementary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the study was to examine sex and grade differences among bullies, victims, bully\\/victims, and comparison children on physical, verbal, and indirect aggression and victimization and on depression and anxiety. 546 children (254 boys and 292 girls) in grades five through eight participated in the study. Children completed the Bully\\/Victim Questionnaire (Olweus (1989) Questionnaire for students (Junior and

Wendy M. Craig

1998-01-01

316

Trait Anxiety and Final Degree Performance at the University of Oxford  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire was administered to 1,929 applicants to Oxford University, including measures of trait anxiety, behavioural response to examinations and to breakdown in relationships. 635 of these applicants were admitted to the university and of these, 383 also responded to a questionnaire administered 4 years later, just before their final…

Mellanby, Jane; Zimdars, Anna

2011-01-01

317

The effect of anxiety on learning outcomes post-CABG.  

PubMed

Post-operative coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients require educational interventions to support recovery and prevention of surgical complications. However, the effectiveness of these interventions is questionable, as stress related to the hospitalization process can result in increased levels of anxiety that may impact on the success of the education. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between anxiety and the achievement of knowledge, use of self-care behaviours, and management of symptoms. A descriptive correlation design was used, which included a convenience sample. Results indicate statistically significant correlations between anxiety and the outcomes ofinterest. Implications for practice include provision of educational interventions at times when anxiety levels are low. PMID:18459276

Fredericks, Suzanne; Sidani, Souraya; Shugurensky, Daniel

2008-03-01

318

Anxiety, depression, and self-management: a systematic review.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article was to address the clinically relevant question: In the presence of anxiety and/or depression, do patients who have had heart surgery engage in self-management behaviors following hospital discharge? A systematic review of 16 studies that examined the psychological condition of patients who had coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or valvular replacement surgery was conducted. Moderate to severe levels of anxiety and depression exist during the first month of home recovery and appear to have an effect on performance of self-management behaviors. As the influence of patients' psychological condition is continued to be examined, it is imperative for health care providers to manage increased rates of anxiety and/or depression following heart surgery. Music and relaxation therapy are presented as evidenced based recommendations for managing anxiety and depression in patients following heart surgery. PMID:22473273

Fredericks, Suzanne; Lapum, Jennifer; Lo, Joyce

2012-04-03

319

Alcoholism screening questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the validity of the CAGE (cut down, annoyed, guilty feelings, eye-opener) questionnaire and the Michigan Alcoholism\\u000a Screening Test (MAST) in distinguishing between elderly patients with and without alcohol abuse or dependence disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: A cross-sectional study, in which patients were interviewed with a “gold standard,” the alcohol module of the Revised Diagnostic\\u000a Interview Schedule (DIS-III-R), and two

Thomas V. Jones; Byron A. Lindsey; Pamela Yount; Rebecca Soltys; Bahar Farani-Enayat

1993-01-01

320

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy.

Spreng, R. Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2008-01-01

321

Childhood anxiety disorders and developmental issues in anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety disorders are common disorders in childhood, and developmental differences must be considered when diagnosing and\\u000a treating patients in this age group. Recent research has illuminated the course of childhood anxiety disorders, including\\u000a how they can be precursors to continued anxiety and mood problems in adulthood. Recent studies of cognitive-behavioral therapy,\\u000a the first-line psychosocial treatment for childhood anxiety, have focused

Paul Arnold; S. Preeya Banerjee; Rashmi Bhandari; Jennifer Ivey; Michelle Rose; David R. Rosenberg

2003-01-01

322

Dentistry students ageing anxiety levels in northern Iran.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: Ageing anxiety as a specific subtype of anxiety disorder has been considered as a moderating factor on healthcare providers' professional task dealing with the elders. METHODS: A Persian translation of Ageing Anxiety Scale (AAS) (Int J Aging Hum Dev, 37, 1993, 247) was administered to the university students of a dentistry school located at northern Iran. The questionnaire consisted of twenty-five-point Likert-scale questions. RESULTS: The obtained mean score of ageing anxiety was 58.51 (±9.85), (out of a possible 100), and the questionnaire revealed a good level of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.76). The results did not differ by gender (p = 0.22), between undergraduate or postgraduate students (p = 0.81), various postgraduate disciplines (p = 0.69), residing with an elder at home (p = 0.18) and length of time living with an elder (p = 0.81). CONCLUSION: The Persian translation of AAS showed a good level of internal consistency. The selected population with educational attainment in this research revealed a moderate ageing anxiety level. PMID:23240870

Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Arash; Poorsattar Bejeh Mir, Morvarid

2012-12-13

323

Anxiety and depression in Nursing students during Oncology internship Ansiedade e depressão em alunos de Enfermagem durante o estágio de Oncologia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To identify the degree of depression and anxiety in Nursing students during their Oncology internship. Methods: Thirty- eight Nursing students (third year) participated in the survey. Data were obtained by sociodemographic information and past medical history; anxiety and depression scale; and difficulties faced during the internship. results: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale showed that 57.89% (22) corresponded to

Juliana Cardozo; Fernandes Bastos; Andréa Gomes da Costa Mohallem; Olga Guilhermina Dias Farah

324

Psychopharmacology of anxiety disorders  

PubMed Central

Exposure of the general population to a 1:4 lifetime risk of disabling anxiety has inspired generations of fundamental and clinical psychopharmacologists, from the era of the earliest benzodiazepines (BZ) to that of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and related compounds, eg, the serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). This comprehensive practical review summarizes current therapeutic research across the spectrum of individual disorders: generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder (PD) and agoraphobia (social anxiety disorder), compulsive disorder (OCD), phobic disorder (including social phobia), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Specific diagnosis is a precondition to successful therapy: despite substantial overlap, each disorder responds preferentially to specific pharmacotherapy. Comorbidity with depression is common; hence the success of the SSRIs, which were originally designed to treat depression. Assessment (multidomain measures versus individual end points) remains problematic, as-frequently-do efficacy and tolerability The ideal anxiolytic remains the Holy Grail of worldwide psychopharmacologic research.

Cassano, Giovanni B.; Rossi, Nicolo Baldini; Pini, Stefano

2002-01-01

325

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

326

Assessment of state and trait anxiety: Endler multidimensional anxiety scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales (EMAS) are self-report measures of multidimensional trait anxiety, state anxiety and perception of situations. The scales were administered to samples of students, adults, and clinical patients. Normative data and reliabilities of the EMAS are reported. Concurrent and construct validity studies are discussed. In general, the data support the conclusion that the EMAS are reliable and

Norman S. Endler; Jean M. Edwards; Romeo Vitelli; James D. A. Parker

1989-01-01

327

Subjective health complaints in older adolescents are related to perceived stress, anxiety and gender - a cross-sectional school study in Northern Sweden  

PubMed Central

Background Negative trends in adolescent mental and subjective health are a challenge to public health work in Sweden and worldwide. Self-reported mental and subjective health complaints such as pain, sleeping problems, anxiety, and various stress-related problems seem to have increased over time among older adolescents, especially girls. The aim of this study has therefore been to investigate perceived stress, mental and subjective health complaints among older adolescents in Northern Sweden. Methods Data were derived from a cross-sectional school-based survey with a sample consisting of 16–18?year olds (n?=?1027), boys and girls, in the first two years of upper secondary school, from different vocational and academic programmes in three public upper secondary schools in a university town in northern Sweden. Prevalence of perceived stress, subjective health complaints, general self-rated health, anxiety, and depression were measured using a questionnaire, including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results A large proportion of both girls and boys reported health complaints and perceived stress. There was a clear gender difference: two to three times as many girls as boys reported subjective health complaints, such as headache, tiredness and sleeping difficulties and musculoskeletal pain, as well as sadness and anxiety. High pressure and demands from school were experienced by 63.6% of girls and 38.5% of boys. Perceived stress in the form of pressure and demands correlated strongly with reported health complaints (r?=?0.71) and anxiety (r?=?0.71). Conclusions The results indicate that mental and subjective health complaints are prevalent during adolescence, especially in girls, and furthermore, that perceived stress and demands may be important explanatory factors. Future studies should pay attention to the balance between gender-related demands, perceived control and social support, particularly in the school environment, in order to prevent negative strain and stress-related ill-health. The gender gap in subjective adolescent health needs to be further explored.

2012-01-01

328

The pharmacology of anxiety.  

PubMed

Understanding the neurochemistry of anxiety is of fundamental importance in the development and use of novel anxiolytics. Through measuring peripheral markers of brain biochemistry, direct pharmacological challenges and brain neuroimaging techniques our understanding of this field has increased substantially in the past few decades. We review the four most studied neurotransmitter systems with respect to in anxiety disorders: gamma amino-butyric acid, serotonin, noradrenaline and dopamine. We have focussed upon clinical studies to highlight the current techniques used to determine brain neurochemistry in vivo. Future research in this field will greatly benefit from recent advances in neuroimaging techniques and the discovery of novel ligands targeting specific receptors. PMID:21309115

Durant, C; Christmas, D; Nutt, D

2010-01-01

329

A short computer anxiety scale.  

PubMed

A 6-item measure of computer anxiety was devised and showed good reliability and validity in both American and English samples so it could be useful in survey research when a brief measure of computer anxiety is needed. PMID:16158683

Lester, David; Yang, Bijou; James, Simon

2005-06-01

330

Anxiety During Pregnancy and Postpartum  

MedlinePLUS

... Postpartum Anxiety During Pregnancy & Postpartum Pregnancy or Postpartum OCD Postpartum Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Postpartum Psychosis Useful ... hurt you. Another form of anxiety is Postpartum Obsessive Compulsive Disorder . Learn more about it here. Postpartum and antepartum ...

331

Anxious Solitude and Clinical Disorder in Middle Childhood: Bridging Developmental and Clinical Approaches to Childhood Social Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that children identified by their peers at school as anxious solitary would report more symptoms of social\\u000a anxiety disorder on a self report questionnaire and, on the basis of child and parent clinical interviews, receive more diagnoses\\u000a of social anxiety disorder and additional anxiety and mood disorders. Participants were 192 children drawn from a community\\u000a sample of

Heidi Gazelle; Jamie Olson Workman; Wesley Allan

2010-01-01

332

Referral for Fetal Echocardiography is Associated with Increased Maternal Anxiety  

PubMed Central

Background Referral for fetal echocardiography is an acute stressor that may induce significant maternal anxiety. To promote good clinical management of expectant mothers in this situation, including adequate screening for possible psychiatric interventions, data is needed regarding the psychosocial functioning of women scheduled for fECHO procedures. Objective To investigate the association between fECHO and maternal anxiety. Methods Pregnant women answered two questionnaires prior to first fECHO. The Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) assessed how subjects feel “now” (state) versus how they “usually feel” (trait). Separate state and trait anxiety scores were calculated; scores were compared between the study cohort and a gestational age-matched historical cohort of 31 pregnant women who did not undergo fECHO. A second questionnaire developed by the investigators ascertained pregnancy specific concerns and characteristics. Results 40 subjects were enrolled. The mean state score of the fECHO cohort (42.1±15.1) differed from the historical cohort (32.8±11.3; p=0.006); however there was no difference between trait scores (34.7±10.8 vs. 35.4 ±12.8; p=0.8). A multivariate linear regression model controlling for race and maternal age demonstrated that fECHO was a strong independent predictor of maternal state anxiety score (p=0.004, ?=10.4). Conclusions Pregnant women presenting for fECHO report high anxiety levels compared with women not presenting for fECHO. Clinician awareness and sensitivity is recommended and further investigation of modifiers of anxiety in this high risk group should be explored.

Rosenberg, Katherine B.; Monk, Catherine; Kleinman, Charles S.; Glickstein, Julie S.; Levasseur, Stephanie M.; Simpson, Lynne L.; Williams, Ismee A.

2010-01-01

333

Anxiety traits among medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objetive: To evaluate the presence and intensity of anxiety traits among medical students. Method: The Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory was applied to 603 regularly matriculated students at ABC Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Results: 86.9% (524) of all six grades students answered the Inven- tory, 20.1% had scored 49 or more anxiety-traits symptoms, suggesting a high level of a anxiety

Sergio Baldassin; Lourdes Conceição Martins; Arthur Guerra de Andrade

2006-01-01

334

Use of Anti-Anxiety Drugs in the Medically Ill  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Stress Clinic at the Maudsley Hospital investigates anxiety due to stress and its pharmacological treatment. Nine stress areas are investigated and their relative severities estimated: social habits, social relationships, life events, psychiatric morbidity, sexual stresses, sleep, stress in old age, menstrual stresses and stress and the heart. From the results a Stress Profile can be constructed for each patient

David Wheatley

1988-01-01

335

Aggression and anxiety in rapists and child molesters.  

PubMed

This study expands the empirical and theoretical understanding of the distinction between those who perpetrate sexual assaults against children (child molesters) and those who perpetrate them against adults (rapists). Two questionnaires were completed by 88 incarcerated, male sexual offenders (45 child molesters and 43 rapists): the Spielberger state trait anxiety inventory and the Buss-Durkee hostility inventory. It was found that the rapists' level of aggression was significantly higher than that of the child molesters. No significant differences in anxiety levels were found between the two groups. The results are discussed in terms of their relevance to theory and clinical practice. PMID:16249396

Shechory, Mally; Ben-David, Sarah

2005-12-01

336

Anxiety and Charles Bonnet Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Some persons with Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) suffer significant anxiety because of their visual hallucinations, while others do not. The aim of the study presented here was to compare levels of anxiety in persons with low vision with and without CBS. Methods: This retrospective study compared the level of anxiety in 31 persons…

Geueke, Anna; Morley, Michael G.; Morley, Katharine; Lorch, Alice; Jackson, MaryLou; Lambrou, Angeliki; Wenberg, June; Oteng-Amoako, Afua

2012-01-01

337

Trained interpretive bias and anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between anxiety and interpretive bias has been studied extensively, but the causal direction of this relationship remains largely unexplored. Do negative interpretations cause anxiety or is anxiety the cause of negative interpretations? Or are the two mutually reinforcing? The present study addressed this issue by experimentally inducing either a negative or a positive interpretive bias using Mathews and

Elske Salemink; Marcel van den Hout; Merel Kindt

2007-01-01

338

Math Anxiety: What Is It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While much progress has been made in treating math anxiety, little is yet known about its causes, correlates or effects. The present study examined factors related to the prevalence and intensity of math anxiety in college students and the extent to which math anxiety is predictive of math course grades. The 655 subjects were obtained from two…

Betz, Nancy E.

339

Statistics Anxiety and Instructor Immediacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between instructor immediacy and statistics anxiety. It was predicted that students receiving immediacy would report lower levels of statistics anxiety. Using a pretest-posttest-control group design, immediacy was measured using the Instructor Immediacy scale. Statistics anxiety was…

Williams, Amanda S.

2010-01-01

340

Attitude modification and anxiety reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experiment was conducted with approximately 500 newly inducted recruits at a military base to determine the effects of anxiety arousal and anxiety reduction on reported conformity to recommendations contained in a recorded communication, and on the learning of the substance of the recommendations. It was hypothesized that greater anxiety reduction would be associated with significantly better learning and significantly

Howard Moltz; Donald L. Thistlethwaite

1955-01-01

341

Test Anxiety: Age Appropriate Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentation covers information on test anxiety reduction strategies from over thirty years of experience with clients of a variety of ages. Dr. Ross is from the College of Lake County. Dr. Driscoll is a private practitioner and Director of the American Test Anxieties Association. The purpose is to address age appropriate test anxiety

Ross, David B.; Driscoll, Richard

2006-01-01

342

Some quantitative properties of anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnitude of [anxiety] is measured by its effect upon  the rate with which [hungry] rats pressed a lever under periodic reinforcement with food. Repeated presentations of a tone terminated by an electric shock produced a state of anxiety in response to the tone  When the shock was thus preceded by a period of anxiety it produced a much more

W. K. Estes; B. F. Skinner

1941-01-01

343

The predicting model of math anxiety: The role of classroom goal structure, self-regulation and math self-efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to examine a predicting model of high school students’ math anxiety based on classroom goal structure, self-regulation and math self-efficacy. For this reason 436 first grade male high school students were selected through multiple cluster sampling. They completed a questionnaire consisting of perceived classroom goal structure (Midgley et al. 2000), Math anxiety (Bai

Masoud Gholamali Lavasani; Elahe Hejazi; Javad Yazdani Varzaneh

2011-01-01

344

Anxiety and depression in twin and sib pairs extremely discordant and concordant for neuroticism: prodromus to a linkage study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multivariate modelling of anxiety and depression data in twins has suggested that the two phenotypes are largely underpinned by one genetic factor, while other studies have indicated a relationship between these disorders and the neuroticism personality trait. As part of a study to identify quantitative trait loci for anxiety and depression, questionnaire responses and interviews of 15 027 Australian twins

Katherine M Kirk; Andrew J Birley; Dixie J Statham; Barbara Haddon; Robert IE Lake; J Gavin Andrews; Nicholas G Martin

2000-01-01

345

Test Anxiety (Worry and Emotionality) Changes During Academic Testing as a Function of Feedback and Test Importance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The experiment investigated the effects of feedback on fluctuations in immediately experienced test anxiety. In two studies, college students responded to a brief test anxiety questionnaire in the context of a course examination, during which experimental subjects received item-by-item feedback. (Author/RC)|

Morris, Larry W.; Fulmer, R. Stephen

1976-01-01

346

The relationship between emotion awareness and somatic complaints in children and adolescents: Investigating the mediating role of anxiety and depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine if emotion awareness in children and adolescents (age 7–18 years old) is directly related to somatic complaints, and if this relationship holds when considering symptoms of anxiety and depression as mediating factors. A number of questionnaires measuring emotion awareness, symptoms of anxiety and depression and somatic complaints were administered to Dutch schoolchildren

Rob A. Nobel; H. H. F. Derkx

2012-01-01

347

The Relationship of Microaggressions With Alcohol Use and Anxiety Among Ethnic Minority College Students in a Historically White Institution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about how microaggressions may impact the health and mental health of college students of color attending historically White universities. In this study, students provided self-report of the number of racial and ethnic microaggressions they had experienced over the previous month, as well as data on anxiety symptoms (Beck Anxiety Inventory), alcohol consumption (Daily Drinking Questionnaire) and consequences

Arthur W. Blume; Laura V. Lovato; Bryan N. Thyken; Natasha Denny

2012-01-01

348

Full Length Donor History Questionnaire  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. This document is one component of the donor history questionnaire documents (Version No. ... Full-Length Donor History Questionnaire ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

349

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

350

Questionnaire Design Principles - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Questionnaire Design & Testing: Questionnaire Design Principles Cognitive Testing Item Response Theory Modeling Guides & Reports International Collaboration Areas of Research Tools Surveys

351

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

352

The course of childhood anxiety symptoms: developmental trajectories and child-related factors in normal children.  

PubMed

This three-wave longitudinal study explored developmental trajectories for various types of childhood anxiety symptoms (i.e., specific fears, social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and separation anxiety) and examined how these trajectories were associated with several factors thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of anxiety. Parents of a community sample of 224 children aged 4 to 11 years repeatedly completed a standardized questionnaire of anxiety symptoms during a 2-year period. At Time 1, parents also filled out scales for measuring children's level of behavioral inhibition (BI), internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and prosocial behaviors, while an interview was conducted with children to assess Theory-of-Mind (TOM) ability. Growth Mixture Modeling identified multiple developmental trajectories in childhood anxiety symptoms of which the 'stable-low' or 'stable-medium' reflected the normative trajectories. Further, multinomial regression analyses indicated that the higher developmental trajectories of anxiety were associated with higher levels of BI and internalizing symptoms at Time 1. In sum, results show heterogeneity in the development of anxiety symptoms and underline the importance of early prevention programs for children at high risk for developing an anxiety disorder. PMID:22836287

Broeren, Suzanne; Muris, Peter; Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Baker, Jess R

2013-01-01

353

The Parental Overprotection Scale: Associations with child and parental anxiety?  

PubMed Central

Background Parental overprotection has commonly been implicated in the development and maintenance of childhood anxiety disorders. Overprotection has been assessed using questionnaire and observational methods interchangeably; however, the extent to which these methods access the same construct has received little attention. Edwards et al. (2008, 2010) developed a promising parent-report measure of overprotection (OP) and reported that, with parents of pre-school children, the measure correlated with observational assessments and predicted changes in child anxiety symptoms. We aimed to validate the use of the OP measure with mothers of children in middle childhood, and examine its association with child and parental anxiety. Methods Mothers of 90 children (60 clinically anxious, 30 non-anxious) aged 7–12 years completed the measure and engaged in a series of mildly stressful tasks with their child. Results The internal reliability of the measure was good and scores correlated significantly with observations of maternal overprotection in a challenging puzzle task. Contrary to expectations, OP was not significantly associated with child anxiety status or symptoms, but was significantly associated with maternal anxiety symptoms. Limitations Participants were predominantly from affluent social groups and of non-minority status. Overprotection is a broad construct, the use of specific sub-dimensions of behavioural constructs may be preferable. Conclusions The findings support the use of the OP measure to assess parental overprotection among 7–12 year-old children; however, they suggest that parental responses may be more closely related to the degree of parental rather than child anxiety.

Clarke, Kiri; Cooper, Peter; Creswell, Cathy

2013-01-01

354

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

355

Assessing maternal anxiety in pregnancy with the State?Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI): issues of validity, location and participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) has been widely used in research with pregnant women. However, few studies have examined its validity for this group. In this paper the content validity of the STAI, the impact of location and consequences for further participation of higher STAI scores are investigated for 215 pregnant women who completed the STAI at hospital or

M. D. Gunning; F. C. Denison; C. J. Stockley; S. P. Ho; H. K. Sandhu; R. M. Reynolds

2010-01-01

356

Anxiety and surgical recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To critically evaluate the interpretation of the findings reported in the peer-reviewed literature concerning the association of state and trait anxiety with surgical recovery and response to surgery. Methods: The Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), Science Citation Index (SCI), Medline and Psychological Abstracts (PsycInfo) databases were searched for studies published since 1981. Reference lists from previous reviews were also

Marcus R Munafò; Jim Stevenson

2001-01-01

357

Anxiety Disorders and Comorbidities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diagnosing and managing anxiety disorders may be quite challenging at times. Time constraints and sheer patient volume may prohibit the primary care clinician from making complete and appropriate mental health diagnoses. It is not uncommon for a patient to have complex coexisting disorders with overlapping symptoms. Determining a primary versus a secondary diagnosis may also be difficult. Interestingly, long-term follow-up

Lesa J. Feather; John K. Spraggins; James D. Helsley

358

Conquering performance anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

believe I have to suffer in order to perform well,' said Isabelle, a beautiful woman and professional singer who came to me for performance anxiety coaching. Although she passionately loved to perform, Isabelle often felt terrified, as though she was 'going to die' before walking on stage. She received great praise for her per- formances but thought of herself as

Helen Spielman

359

Pharmacotherapy of Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pharmacological treatment of anxiety has a long and chequered history, and recent years have seen a rich development in the options available to prescribers. Most of the currently used anxiolytic agents act via monoaminergic (chiefly serotonin) or amino acid (GABA or glutamate) neurotransmitters, and this chapter describes the pharmacology of the major drug groups. Clinical applications are discussed with

J. R. Nash; D. J. Nutt

360

Behavioral characteristics related to substance abuse and risk-taking, sensation-seeking, anxiety sensitivity, and self reinforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the multitude of negative outcomes associated with substance abuse and other risk-taking behaviors, the current study sought to investigate sensation seeking, anxiety sensitivity, and self-reinforcement as they relate to participation in high-risk behaviors with 155 undergraduate students. The measures were the Reckless Behavior Questionnaire, Sensation Seeking Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, Heiby Self-Reinforcement Questionnaire, and a sample of items from

Mervyn K Wagner

2001-01-01

361

Anxiety Sensitivity: Prospective Prediction of Anxiety among Early Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Emerging evidence suggests that anxiety sensitivity (AS) predicts subsequent development of anxiety symptoms and panic attacks as well as clinical syndromes in adult samples. The primary aim of the present study was to determine whether AS similarly acts as a vulnerability factor in the pathogenesis of anxiety symptoms among youth in early adolescence (ages 9-13). A large nonclinical community sample of youth (N = 277) was prospectively followed over one year. The Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI: Silverman, Fleisig, Rabian, & Peterson, 1991) served as the primary predictor. After controlling for baseline anxiety symptoms as well as depression, AS significantly predicted the future development of anxiety symptoms. Consistent with the adult literature and expectancy theory, AS appears to act as a risk factor for anxiety symptoms in youth.

Schmidt, Norman B.; Keough, Meghan E.; Mitchell, Melissa A.; Reynolds, Elizabeth K.; MacPherson, Laura; Zvolensky, Michael J.; Lejuez, C. W.

2010-01-01

362

Anxiety sensitivity: prospective prediction of anxiety among early adolescents.  

PubMed

Emerging evidence suggests that anxiety sensitivity (AS) predicts subsequent development of anxiety symptoms and panic attacks as well as clinical syndromes in adult samples. The primary aim of the present study was to determine whether AS similarly acts as a vulnerability factor in the pathogenesis of anxiety symptoms among youth in early adolescence (ages 9-13). A large nonclinical community sample of youth (n=277) was prospectively followed over 1 year. The Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI: Silverman, Fleisig, Rabian, & Peterson, 1991) served as the primary predictor. After controlling for baseline anxiety symptoms as well as depression, AS significantly predicted the future development of anxiety symptoms. Consistent with the adult literature and expectancy theory, AS appears to act as a risk factor for anxiety symptoms in youth. PMID:20399075

Schmidt, Norman B; Keough, Meghan E; Mitchell, Melissa A; Reynolds, Elizabeth K; Macpherson, Laura; Zvolensky, Michael J; Lejuez, C W

2010-03-27

363

Pain-related anxiety and anxiety sensitivity across anxiety and depressive disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fear–anxiety–avoidance models posit pain-related anxiety and anxiety sensitivity as important contributing variables in the development and maintenance of chronic musculoskeletal pain [Asmundson, G. J. G, Vlaeyen, J. W. S., & Crombez, G. (Eds.). (2004). Understanding and treating fear of pain. New York: Oxford University Press]. Emerging evidence also suggests that pain-related anxiety may be a diathesis for many other emotional

R. Nicholas Carleton; Murray P. Abrams; Gordon J. G. Asmundson; Martin M. Antony; Randi E. McCabe

2009-01-01

364

Anxiety-related constructs mediate the relation between age and health anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Few studies have examined health anxiety in older adults, and it is unknown which factors account for age-related differences in health anxiety. Given similarities between health anxiety and the anxiety disorders, anxiety-related constructs, including anxiety sensitivity, intolerance of uncertainty, emotion regulation, and anxiety control, were examined as mediators of the relation between age (older vs. young adults) and health

Lindsay A. Gerolimatos; Barry A. Edelstein

2012-01-01

365

The Effects of Anxiety on Balance Parameters in Young Female University Students  

PubMed Central

Objective In human beings, the balance control is a result of an integration of physical and psychological factors and people show different reactions when feel anxious or face stability threatened conditions such as standing on an unstable surface. University students, particularly the female ones, are a group of the society who are prone to face anxieties. The current study focused on the effects of anxiety on balance index in young female university students. Methods A group of 15 female students with a high anxiety score (higher than 42 in Shpielberger Questionnaire) and a group of 15 female students with a low anxiety score (lower than 42 in Shpielberger Questionnaire) were recruited for this study. Using a Biodex stabilometer (Biodex System, USA), the antero-posterior (AP), medio-latral (ML) and the overall dynamic stability index (SI) of the subjects were recorded and compared. Results The results revealed a significant difference between the two groups. Subjects with a high anxiety score showed a stability index higher than those in the low anxiety group (p<0.005), which simply indicate significantly less stability in this group. Conclusion This study showed that subjects with higher anxiety scores were less stable compared to those subjects with lower anxiety scores.

Abadi, Zahra Ebrahim

2012-01-01

366

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Telephone-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Late-life Anxiety Disorders  

PubMed Central

Objectives Older adults face a number of barriers to receiving psychotherapy, such as a lack of transportation and access to providers. One way to overcome such barriers is to provide treatment by telephone. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy delivered by telephone (CBT-T) to older adults diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Design Randomized controlled trial. Setting Participants' homes. Participants Sixty participants ? 60 years of age with a diagnosis of Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, or Anxiety Disorder Not Otherwise Specified. Intervention CBT-T vs. information-only comparison. Measurements Co-primary outcomes included worry (Penn State Worry Questionnaire) and general anxiety (State Trait Anxiety Inventory). Secondary outcomes included clinician-rated anxiety (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale), anxiety sensitivity (Anxiety Sensitivity Index), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), quality of life (SF-36), and sleep (Insomnia Severity Index). Assessments were completed prior to randomization, immediately upon completion of treatment, and 6 months after completing treatment. Results CBT-T was superior to information-only in reducing general anxiety (ES = 0.71), worry (ES = 0.61), anxiety sensitivity (ES = 0.85), and insomnia (ES = 0.82) at the post-treatment assessment; however, only the reductions in worry were maintained by the 6 month follow-up assessment (ES = 0.80). Conclusions These results suggest that CBT-T may be efficacious in reducing anxiety and worry in older adults, but additional sessions may be needed to maintain these effects.

Brenes, Gretchen A.; Miller, Michael E.; Williamson, Jeff D.; McCall, W. Vaughn; Knudson, Mark; Stanley, Melinda A.

2011-01-01

367

A short-term, comprehensive, yoga-based lifestyle intervention is efficacious in reducing anxiety, improving subjective well-being and personality  

PubMed Central

Objective: To assess the efficacy of a short-term comprehensive yoga-based lifestyle intervention in reducing anxiety, improving subjective well-being and personality. Materials and Methods: The study is a part of an ongoing larger study at a tertiary care hospital. Participants (n=90) included patients with chronic diseases attending a 10-day, yoga-based lifestyle intervention program for prevention and management of chronic diseases, and healthy controls (n=45) not attending any such intervention. Primary Outcome Measures: Change in state and trait anxiety questionnaire (STAI-Y; 40 items), subjective well-being inventory (SUBI; 40 items), and neuroticism extraversion openness to experience five factor personality inventory revised (NEO-FF PI-R; 60 items) at the end of intervention. Results: Following intervention, the STAI-Y scores reduced significantly (P<0.001) at Day 10 (66.7 ± 13.0) versus Day 1 (72.5 ± 14.7). Also, positive SUBI scores (F1– F6) improved significantly (P<0.01) at Day 10 versus Day 1. Similarly NEO-FF PI-R scores improved significantly (P<0.001) at Day 10 versus Day 1. Control group showed an increase in STAI-Y while SUBI and NEO-FF PI-R scores remained comparable at Day 10 versus Day 1. Conclusions: The observations suggest that a short-term, yoga-based lifestyle intervention may significantly reduce anxiety and improve subjective well-being and personality in patients with chronic diseases.

Yadav, Raj Kumar; Magan, Dipti; Mehta, Manju; Mehta, Nalin; Mahapatra, Sushil Chandra

2012-01-01

368

One born every minute: mothers' performance anxiety.  

PubMed

The majority of women in the UK will give birth in hospital, and Channel 4's latest series of One born every minute continues to give a realistic representation of what women can expect during labour. Henrietta Otley believes that the programme--now in its third series--has been invaluable to many couples because it demystifies the delivery suite setting and it has familiarised the public at large with the birth process. She wonders, however, whether watching women labour on television may have heightened the performance anxiety that many mothers feel during labour, making women even more self conscious about how they should act while giving birth. PMID:22720447

Otley, Henrietta

2012-02-01

369

The Cues and Care Trial: A randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce maternal anxiety and improve developmental outcomes in very low birthweight infants  

PubMed Central

Background Very low birthweight infants are at risk for deficits in cognitive and language development, as well as attention and behaviour problems. Maternal sensitive behaviour (i.e. awareness of infant cues and appropriate responsiveness to those cues) in interaction with her very low birthweight infant is associated with better outcomes in these domains; however, maternal anxiety interferes with the mother's ability to interact sensitively with her very low birthweight infant. There is a need for brief, cost-effective and timely interventions that address both maternal psychological distress and interactive behaviour. The Cues and Care trial is a randomized controlled trial of an intervention designed to reduce maternal anxiety and promote sensitive interaction in mothers of very low birthweight infants. Methods and design Mothers of singleton infants born at weights below 1500 g are recruited in the neonatal intensive care units of 2 tertiary care hospitals, and are randomly assigned to the experimental (Cues) intervention or to an attention control (Care) condition. The Cues intervention teaches mothers to attend to their own physiological, cognitive, and emotional cues that signal anxiety and worry, and to use cognitive-behavioural strategies to reduce distress. Mothers are also taught to understand infant cues and to respond sensitively to those cues. Mothers in the Care group receive general information about infant care. Both groups have 6 contacts with a trained intervener; 5 of the 6 sessions take place during the infant's hospitalization, and the sixth contact occurs after discharge, in the participant mother's home. The primary outcome is maternal symptoms of anxiety, assessed via self-report questionnaire immediately post-intervention. Secondary outcomes include maternal sensitive behaviour, maternal symptoms of posttraumatic stress, and infant development at 6 months corrected age. Discussion The Cues and Care trial will provide important information on the efficacy of a brief, skills-based intervention to reduce anxiety and increase sensitivity in mothers of very low birthweight infants. A brief intervention of this nature may be more readily implemented as part of standard neonatal intensive care than broad-based, multi-component interventions. By intervening early, we aim to optimize developmental outcomes in these high risk infants. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN00918472 The Cues and Care Trial: A randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce maternal anxiety and improve developmental outcomes in very low birthweight infants

Zelkowitz, Phyllis; Feeley, Nancy; Shrier, Ian; Stremler, Robyn; Westreich, Ruta; Dunkley, David; Steele, Russell; Rosberger, Zeev; Lefebvre, Francine; Papageorgiou, Apostolos

2008-01-01

370

A longitudinal study of the intrusiveness of cognitions in test anxiety.  

PubMed

Medical students who had to undergo an important set of examinations were asked to fill out two questionnaires, the first early in the term, the second 1 or 2 wk before the exams. Students whose anxiety increased substantially between the two questionnaire administrations reported that their thoughts had become more intrusive on a number of parameters including distress, frequency and dismissability. Subjects whose anxiety increased only moderately or not at all reported correspondingly smaller changes in intrusiveness. There was considerable stability in reported cognitions over time, but changes in anxiety were related to changes in reports of thought content. The perceived probability of negative outcomes did not vary over time. These results indicate that changes in anxiety levels over time are related to several parameters of intrusiveness as well as thought content. PMID:2914004

Kent, G; Jambunathan, P

1989-01-01

371

Quality of life estimate in stomach, colon, and rectal cancer patients in a hospital in China.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to investigate the outcome and coping patterns of patients with stomach, colon, and rectal cancer in a hospital in China. Health-related quality of life was assessed in 118 stomach, colon, and rectal cancer patients in Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China, using the generic version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (QOL) Questionnaire Core 30 Items, Self-rated Anxiety Scores (SAS), Self-rated Depression Scores (SDS), Medical Coping Modes of Questionnaire (MCMQ), and Social Support Requirement Scale (SSRS) questionnaires. The overall QOL was 50.7?±?6.5, 48.1?±?7.7, and 47.6?±?6.4, respectively, for stomach, colon, and rectal cancer groups. Correlations between QOL and SAS and SDS in stomach cancer patients were significantly higher than observed in the cohort of colon or rectal cancer patients (Spearman coefficient of 0.366 and 0.129, respectively). Cluster analysis of MCMQ data revealed four identifiable patterns (resign, confront, avoid-confront, and avoid-resign) of coping in the study group. Subjective support was significantly higher than objective support (p?anxiety and depression stemming from their cancer diagnosis and postdiagnosis treatment, and sex dependency was prevalent in SSRS response. Coping patterns were reliable indicators of psychosocial side effects in patients with stomach, colon, and rectal cancers. PMID:23681801

Deng, Muhong; Lan, Yanhong; Luo, Shali

2013-05-17

372

Anxiety and medical disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anxiety symptoms and disorders are associated with a range of general medical disorders. This association may be a physiologic\\u000a consequence of the general medical disorder, a psychologic reaction to the experience of having a medical illness, a side\\u000a effect of treatment, or a chance occurrence. This article briefly reviews the associations of panic disorder with seizure\\u000a disorder, Klüver-Bucy syndrome, mitral

Jacqueline E. Muller; Liezl Koen; Dan J. Stein

2005-01-01

373

Validation of a Spanish version of the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR)  

PubMed Central

Background The Revised version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQR) was published in 2009. The aim of this study was to prepare a Spanish version, and to assess its psychometric properties in a sample of patients with fibromyalgia. Methods The FIQR was translated into Spanish and administered, along with the FIQ, the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), to 113 Spanish fibromyalgia patients. The administration of the Spanish FIQR was repeated a week later. Results The Spanish FIQR had high internal consistency (Cronbach’s ? was 0.91 and 0.95 at visits 1 and 2 respectively). The test-retest reliability was good for the FIQR total score and its function and symptoms domains (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC?>?0.70), but modest for the overall impact domain (ICC?=?0.51). Statistically significant correlations (p?

2013-01-01

374

Occupational Health and Safety Programs in Ontario Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a study carried out to obtain information about occupational health and safety programs in Ontario hospitals. This information will then be used to plan further research studies. The questionnaire collected information about staffing, reporting structure, program components, and benchmarks used for evaluation. The questionnaire was mailed to 58 hospitals across the province and 81 percent (47 hospitals)

Kathryn A. Nichol; D. Linn Holness

1998-01-01

375

Roles of Infection Control Nurses in Community Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To evaluate the roles of infection control nurses (ICNs) and to detect problems, obstacles during work and needs for support in community hospitals. Material and Method: A descriptive study, data from interview and questionnaire survey of 2 ICN from HA awarded hospitals and 146 IC nurses from hospitals applied for HA. Results: From April to May 2002, questionnaires were

Laddawan Jantarasri; Poonsap Soparatana; Wanchai Moongtui; Worapot Tantisiriwat; Somwang Danchaivijitr

376

Anxiety and depression are unrecognised in emergency patients admitted to the observation care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess the sensitivity and specificity of emergency physicians in detecting anxiety and depression in patients requiring admission to the emergency department (ED) observation care unit for complementary investigations\\/treatment.Methods339 consecutive patients admitted to the emergency observation care unit of 14 EDs were interviewed with standardised questionnaires. The characteristics of the patients, EDs and attending ED physicians were collected. Patients' anxiety

Franck Perruche; Caroline Elie; Marguerite dUssel; Patrick Ray; Frédéric Thys; Gérard Bleichner; Pierre-Marie Roy; Jeannot Schmidt; Albéric Gayet; Dominique Pateron; Etienne Le Joubioux; Nicolas Porcher; Pascale Gamand; Yann-Erick Claessens

2010-01-01

377

Irrational beliefs in the articulated thoughts of college students with social anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive conceptualizations of social anxiety emphasize the role of negative self-statements, unrealistic expectations, and irrational beliefs in the development and maintenance of anxiety in social-evaluative situations. Research into these cognitive factors has entailed administration of questionnaires and instructions to subjects to write down their thoughts during a preceding or impending real-life encounter. These methodologies are criticized on several grounds, such

Gerald C. Davison; Vivien Zighelboim

1987-01-01

378

Computers, anxiety, and gender: an analysis of reactions to the Y2K computer problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated computer attitudes, anxiety, behavior, and gender in the context of a computer-related uncertain event with potentially far-reaching implications, the Y2K computer problem. Internet-based data collection resulted in a sample of 1500 participants who completed questionnaires on a research website. Path analyses showed that Y2K anxiety and preparations were significantly predicted by a number of variables, including

Michele A. Schottenbauer; Benjamin F. Rodriguez; Carol R. Glass; Diane B. Arnkoff

2004-01-01

379

State and trait anxiety: A cross-cultural comparison of Chinese and Caucasian students in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese people immigrating to North America are subject to specific Stressors in moving to a new country, and, furthermore,\\u000a these factors interact with their cultural background to produce higher levels of anxiety than are commonly believed to exist.\\u000a The present study compared the responses of 60 Chinese and 60 Caucasian Canadian students to questionnaires measuring multidimensional\\u000a trait and state anxiety.

Merry C. Lin; Norman S. Endler; Nancy L. Kocovski

2001-01-01

380

Memory of dental experiences as related to naturally occurring changes in state anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study designed to explore the relevance of anxious mood on recall, patients about to see their dentist were asked to complete questionnaires measuring their anxiety before and after the appointment. The patients were also asked to describe a previous visit, but half were given this task before the appointment—when their state anxiety was high—and half afterwards—when their state

Gerry Kent

1989-01-01

381

Negative-reinforcement drinking motives mediate the relation between anxiety sensitivity and increased drinking behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined whether certain “risky” drinking motives mediate the previously established relation between elevated anxiety sensitivity (AS) and increased drinking behavior in college student drinkers (n=109 women, 73 men). Specifically, we administered the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI), Revised Drinking Motives Questionnaire, and a quantity-frequency measure of typical drinking levels. Participants were parceled according to high (n=30), moderate (n=29), and low

Sherry H Stewart; Michael J Zvolensky; Georg H Eifert

2001-01-01

382

Patient Health Questionnaire: Greek language validation and subscale factor structure.  

PubMed

This study aimed to assess the reliability, validity, and factor structure of the Greek translation of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) in a sample of Cypriot, Greek-speaking university students. This is the first study to examine PHQ psychometric properties in Greek and to investigate the factor structure of the PHQ subscales. A total of 520 participants (73.9% women; M(Age) = 21.57; SD, 4.94) completed the PHQ and assessment tools used for convergent validity analysis. Patient Health Questionnaire was translated and culturally adapted according to international standards. Overall, PHQ subscales in Greek language demonstrated good internal consistency (mean Cronbach ? = .75, P < .001) and convergent validity with the following: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Beck Depression Inventory, Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (panic disorder, somatization, bulimia, and binge eating), and Anxiety Sensitivity Index (overall mean, r = 0.52; P < .001). The relation between the PHQ subscale diagnoses and functional impairment, as assessed by the 12-item Health Survey 12, was comparable with the original validation results for all subscales except alcohol. The depression, alcohol, and anxiety subscales exhibited single-factor structures. Subscales assessing eating disorders, panic disorder, and somatization difficulties exhibited 2-, 3-, and 4-factor structures, respectively. Overall, PHQ subscales demonstrated good psychometric properties, with the exception of the subscale examining problematic alcohol use. Overall, PHQ demonstrates good reliability, validity, and appropriate factor structure in a Greek-speaking college population. Psychometric research is needed on the Greek PHQ in primary care settings. PMID:22901833

Karekla, Maria; Pilipenko, Nataliya; Feldman, Jonathan

2012-08-15

383

Acute Hospitalization & Alzheimer's Disease: A Special Kind of Care.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new environment filled with strange sights, odors and sounds, a change in the daily routine, medications and tests, and the disease process itself can all be factors that increase confusion, anxiety and agitation in a hospitalized individual with Alzhei...

2005-01-01

384

Symptoms of ill health ascribed to electromagnetic field exposure – a questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

From June 2001, health questionnaires were distributed to people who complained about symptoms of ill health which they ascribed to exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF). The objective of the survey was to gain a better knowledge of the anxieties of complainants, to obtain hints of possible problems and of actions that should be taken to solve the problems. The survey

Martin Röösli; Mirjana Moser; Yvonne Baldinini; Martin Meier; Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer

2004-01-01

385

The Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire: A useful index of behaviour problems in elementary school-age children?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the validity of Behar and Stringfield's Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire (PBQ) with young, elementary school age children. In Study 1, the PBQ was administered to 157 grade one children. A factor analysis was performed on the 30 items of the PBQ. The three factors that emerged were almost identical to those described by Bchar and Stringfield (hostility\\/aggression, anxiety\\/fearfulness, and

KENNETH H. RUBIN; LORA MOLLER; ANNE EMPTAGE

1987-01-01

386

PPTA Donor History Questionnaire Documents  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA's “Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

387

Computer diagnosis of depression and anxiety: the Stirling County Study.  

PubMed

A computer programme (DPAX) was constructed for a longitudinal study of psychiatric epidemiology in Stirling County (Canada). It identifies disorders involving the syndromes of depression and anxiety based on responses given in structured questionnaire interviews. The programme follows a diagnostic algorithm that uses criteria for: (1) essential features; (2) number, frequency, and pattern of associated symptoms; (3) impairment; and (4) duration. The programme reproduces case evaluations provided by psychiatrists, as conveyed by a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 98%. PMID:3887448

Murphy, J M; Neff, R K; Sobol, A M; Rice, J X; Olivier, D C

1985-02-01

388

Determinants of Barriers to Treatment for Anxiety Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this study were to evaluate perceived unmet need for mental healthcare, determinants of unmet need, and\\u000a barriers to care in individuals with social anxiety (SA) or panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) in Quebec. Data from 206\\u000a participants diagnosed with SA or PDA were collected using an online questionnaire. Correlational analyses and binary stepwise\\u000a logistic regressions were conducted

Mariko Chartier-OtisMichel; Michel Perreault; Claude Bélanger

2010-01-01

389

Is the attentional dysfunction in schizotypy related to anxiety?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two factors, ‘anxiety-loaded’ (AL) and ‘perceptual-disorganization’ (PD), emerged in a factor analysis of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ). Sixty of the 219 participants performed a latent inhibition (LI) task. During the pre-exposure phase, one group was exposed to repeated non-reinforced presentations of an irrelevant stimulus and the other was not pre-exposed. In the subsequent test phase, learning was slower in

Hedva Braunstein-Bercovitz

2000-01-01

390

Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression among African American and White Women  

PubMed Central

Background. We examined factors associated with depression and anxiety in a cohort of low-income Baltimore women. Methods. We used Pathways to Adulthood data, a cohort of adults aged 27 to 33 who were born in Baltimore between 1960 and 1965. Our outcomes were a score of >4 on the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) across the depression or anxiety domains. Linear regression clustered on census tract was used for multivariate analysis. Results. In multivariable analyses, unmarried women, White women, those with lower self-rated health, and younger mothers had higher depression scores. Only lower self-rated health and White race were associated with a higher anxiety score. Neither neighborhood poverty nor racial composition was a predictor for anxiety or depression; however, the significant risk factors cluster in disadvantaged neighborhoods. Conclusion. Our work highlights the importance of universal screening for depression or anxiety with more in-depth surveillance based on risk factors rather than on race.

Watson, Kalycia Trishana; Roberts, Nehezi M.; Saunders, Milda R.

2012-01-01

391

Examining Mathematics Anxiety in Elementary Classroom Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test anxiety and mathematics anxiety have been found to relate to mathematics performance in both children and adults. This study investigated mathematics anxiety in elementary teachers and whether those who experience mathematics anxiety also have professional anxiety about teaching mathematics. A researcher-developed instrument called the…

McAnallen, Rachel R.

2010-01-01

392

Decreasing Math Anxiety in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the phenomenon of mathematics anxiety in contemporary college and university students. Forms of math anxiety range from moderate test anxiety to extreme anxiety including physiological symptoms such as nausea. For each of several types of math anxiety, one or more case studies is analyzed. Selected strategies for coping with…

Perry, Andrew B.

2004-01-01

393

Parent Training for Childhood Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Few clinicians would suggest that the parent’s role during the treatment of their child’s anxiety should be limited to keeping\\u000a a chair warm in the therapist’s waiting room. In fact, etiological models suggest that parenting behaviors impact child anxiety\\u000a (Hudson & Rapee, 2001). However, the optimal role of parents in the treatment of children with anxiety disorders is unclear.\\u000a What

Adam B. Lewin

394

SERUM LIPIDS IN ANXIETY NEUROSIS  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Serum cholesterol, total triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol, free cholesterol and total phospholipids were studied in 36 patients of anxiety neurosis and 24 control subjects. Serum triglycerides, VLDL-cholesterol and free-cholesterol were found to be significantly raised while esterified cholesterol WJS significantly lowered in anxiety neurosis. A significant negative correlation was observed between the anxiety score and free cholesterol in ferrule patients. The significance of these findings has been discussed.

Mishra, T.K.; Shankar, R.; Sharma, I.; Srivastava, P.K.

1984-01-01

395

Temporal Characteristics of Evaluation Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The temporal characteristics of evaluation anxiety are not well-defined by previous research. We examined the effects of length of the pre-evaluation interval (3, 6, or 12 minutes) and stage of the pre-evaluation interval at which evaluation anxiety was measured (start, middle, or end) on evaluation anxiety while participants performed an activity that was the focus of the impending evaluation. Participants

Natalie Skinner; Neil Brewer

1999-01-01

396

Issues in diagnosing anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research progress in the anxiety disorders is predicated on a useful classification system. In this paper, we review the reliability and validity data for theDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd ed. (DSM-III) anxiety disorders and discuss the salient issues associated with both the conceptualization of anxiety disorders and the diagnostic criteria offered in the DSM-III. It is concluded

Jerome A. Cerny; William G. Himadi; David H. Barlow

1984-01-01

397

A Multitrait-Multimethod Analysis of the Construct Validity of Child Anxiety Disorders in a Clinical Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examines the construct validity of separation anxiety disorder (SAD), social phobia (SoP), panic disorder (PD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in a clinical sample of children. Participants were 174 children, 6 to 17 years old (94 boys) who had undergone a diagnostic evaluation at a university hospital based clinic.…

Langer, David A.; Wood, Jeffrey J.; Bergman, R. Lindsey; Piacentini, John C.

2010-01-01

398

Social anxiety, reasons for drinking, and college students.  

PubMed

Recent research suggests that social anxiety may be associated with higher rates of alcohol problems in women, yet may be associated with lower levels of drinking in men. The current study investigated putative mechanisms that may underlie potential gender differences in the social anxiety-alcohol relationship. One hundred and eighteen college students (61.0% women) completed an interview assessing drinking behaviors and questionnaires measuring social anxiety, drinking motives, and drinking situations. Although college men and women both reported similar frequencies of drinking in positive situations and to enhance positive emotions, women reported drinking more often in negative situations and to cope with aversive emotions than men. Mediated moderation analyses suggested that women with social anxiety may be at greater risk of encountering adverse consequences because of their likelihood to drink to conform or to cope with the aversive affect they experience in negative situations. Conversely, when men experience high rates of adverse consequences, it may be due to drinking greater quantities of alcohol in positive situations. Highly socially anxious college men may drink less alcohol and experience fewer adverse consequences than their nonanxious or mildly anxious counterparts because they may find themselves in positive situations and drinking to enhance positive feelings less often, potentially due to avoidant behavior. These findings may help to explain why social anxiety serves as a potential risk factor for alcohol-related problems for college women, but a protective factor for college men. PMID:21035618

Norberg, Melissa M; Norton, Alice R; Olivier, Jake; Zvolensky, Michael J

2010-06-17

399

Salivary cortisol, salivary alpha amylase, and the dental anxiety scale.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between dental anxiety, salivary cortisol, and salivary alpha amylase (sAA) levels. Furthermore, the aim was to look into individual differences such as age, race, gender, any existing pain, or traumatic dental experience and their effect on dental anxiety. This study followed a cross-sectional design and included a convenience sample of 46. Every patient was asked to complete the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and a basic demographic/dental history questionnaire. A saliva sample, utilizing the method of passive drooling, was then collected in 2-mL cryovials. Samples were analyzed for salivary cortisol and sAA levels by Salimetrics. Significant associations were observed between DAS scores and presence of pain and history of traumatic dental experience. However, no significant correlations were observed between DAS, cortisol, and sAA levels. Our study reconfirms that dental anxiety is associated with presence of pain and a history of traumatic dental experience. On the other hand, our study was the first to our knowledge to test the correlation between the DAS and sAA; nevertheless, our results failed to show any significant correlation between dental anxiety, cortisol, and sAA levels. PMID:23763559

Sadi, Hana; Finkelman, Matthew; Rosenberg, Morton

2013-01-01

400

Alleviating travel anxiety through virtual reality and narrated video technology.  

PubMed

This study presents an empirical evidence of benefit of narrative video clips in embedded virtual reality websites of hotels for relieving travel anxiety. Even though it was proven that virtual reality functions do provide some relief in travel anxiety, a stronger virtual reality website can be built when narrative video clips that show video clips with narration about important aspects of the hotel. We posit that these important aspects are 1. Escape route and 2. Surrounding neighborhood information, which are derived from the existing research on anxiety disorder as well as travel anxiety. Thus we created a video clip that showed and narrated about the escape route from the hotel room, another video clip that showed and narrated about surrounding neighborhood. We then conducted experiments with this enhanced virtual reality website of a hotel by having human subjects play with the website and fill out a questionnaire. The result confirms our hypothesis that there is a statistically significant relationship between the degree of travel anxiety and psychological relief caused by the use of embedded virtual reality functions with narrative video clips of a hotel website (Tab. 2, Fig. 3, Ref. 26). Keywords: hotel room, websites of hotels, virtual reality, alleviating travel, video technology. PMID:24156685

Ahn, J C; Lee, O

2013-01-01

401

The Role of Anxiety Sensitivity Components in Mediating the Relationship Between Childhood Exposure to Parental Dyscontrol and Adult Anxiety Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective study investigated the relationship between childhood exposure to parental dyscontrol (i.e., loss of control behaviors) and levels of anxiety sensitivity (AS) components in early adulthood. Four-hundred-and-sixty-five undergraduate students completed self-report measures including the Dyscontrol Experiences Questionnaire. Specificity emerged between AS components and particular dyscontrol experiences. Although exposure to parental dyscontrol related to negative emotional states was significantly positively

Margo C. Watt; Sherry H. Stewart

2003-01-01

402

Hospital food: a survey of patients’ perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background & aims: Most hospitalised patients are dependent on hospital food for their nutritional requirements. We surveyed hospitalised patients to obtain their opinions of hospital food in order to improve menu planning and food delivery.Methods: Three hundred and seventeen questionnaires were distributed to patients on an oral diet in two Swiss hospitals. Questions assessed eating habits, appetite, satisfaction with menus,

Z Stanga; Y Zurflüh; M Roselli; A. B Sterchi; B Tanner; G Knecht

2003-01-01

403

Measurement and correlates of sport-specific cognitive and somatic trait anxiety: The sport anxiety scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research indicates the viability of a distinction between cognitive and somatic components of the anxiety response, and multidimensional anxiety scales have proven useful in relating cognitive and somatic anxiety to behavioral outcomes. This article describes the development and validation of a sport-specific measure of cognitive and somatic trait anxiety. The Sport Anxiety Scale measures individual differences in Somatic Anxiety

Ronald E. Smith; Frank L. Smoll; Robert W. Schutz

1990-01-01

404

Attachment style, anxiety coping, and personality-styles in withdrawn alcohol addicted inpatients  

PubMed Central

Background Insecure early attachment experiences have been reported to play an important role in the manifestation in alcoholism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of attachment styles with anxiety, anxiety coping and dysfunctional personality styles, as well as with the prevalence of personality disorders, and adverse life-events in adolescence. Methods 59 inpatient alcohol addicted male (n=43) and female (n=16) patients were characterized by an attachment style scale (Relationships-style-questionnaire-RSQ) and completed a questionnaire battery comprising the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory (STAI), the Anxiety-Coping-Inventory (ABI), Temperament-and-character-inventory (TCI), Personality-system-interaction-inventory (PSI), and gave information on sociodemography, alcohol history, and adolescent adverse events. A structured interview (SKID-II) was performed to diagnose personality disorders. Results Only 33% of subjects had a secure attachment style. Insecure attachment was associated with significantly higher trait-anxiety, higher cognitive avoidance to control anxiety, and higher values on most personality style dimensions directed to the pathological pole. Conclusions Despite the limitation due to a small sample size, the results of this study show that the consideration of attachment styles is of significance in the diagnosis and therapy of alcohol addiction. Attachment may characterize different styles to control emotional aspects, anxiety cues and interpersonal relationships in individuals suffering from alcohol addiction.

2013-01-01

405

Burnout in medical residents: A questionnaire and interview study  

Microsoft Academic Search

High burnout levels have been observed in medical residents. The purpose of this study is to assess the burnout rates and potential determinants of burnout in a sample of medical residents. In total, 58 medical residents working in a Dutch teaching hospital, received questionnaires at home, including the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). In addition, they were asked for an in-depth

Rik Ringrose; Saskia Houterman; Willem Koops; Guid Oei

2009-01-01

406

Child Anxiety Sensitivity and Family Environment as Mediators of the Relationship between Parent Psychopathology, Parent Anxiety Sensitivity, and Child Anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined child anxiety sensitivity and family environment as mediators of the relationship between (1) parent psychopathology\\u000a and anxiety sensitivity and (2) child anxiety in a community sample of 157 youths aged 7–18 years. Parents completed measures\\u000a of anxiety sensitivity, psychopathology, and family environment. Youths completed measures of anxiety sensitivity and anxiety.\\u000a One structural equation model was tested with child

Kelly L. Drake; Christopher A. Kearney

2008-01-01

407

Relations between Behavioral Inhibition, Big Five Personality Factors, and Anxiety Disorder Symptoms in Non-Clinical and Clinically Anxious Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relations between behavioral inhibition, Big Five personality traits, and anxiety disorder symptoms in non-clinical children (n = 147) and clinically anxious children (n = 45) aged 6-13 years. Parents completed the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire-Short Form, the Big Five Questionnaire for Children, and the Screen for…

Vreeke, Leonie J.; Muris, Peter

2012-01-01

408

Dreams, katharsis and anxiety.  

PubMed

Over the centuries, the importance and the nature of the relationship of "inside" and "outside" in human experience have shifted, with consequences for notions of mind and body. This paper begins with dreams and healing in the Asklepian tradition. It continues with Aristotle's notions of psuche and how these influenced his conception of katharsis and tragedy. Jumping then to the 17th century, we will consider Descartes' focus on dreams in his theories of thinking. Finally, we will turn explicitly to Freud's use of dreams in relation to his theories of anxiety, of psychic processes and of the Oedipus Complex. PMID:23722398

Kilborne, Benjamin

2013-06-01

409

Relationship between anxiety and dyspnea on exertion in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.  

PubMed

Dyspnea limits exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is known to induce anxiety. Little is known whether anxiety contributes to exercise-induced dyspnea, which in turn might influence the outcome of diagnostic tests. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between general anxiety and dyspnea on exertion in patients with COPD. Ninety patients with stable COPD participated; 44 men, mean age 61 (standard deviation (SD) 10.4), and mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second (%pred.) 40.5 (SD 16.9). All participants performed pulmonary function tests and an incremental cycle ergometry. The Modified Borg Scale was used to measure the level of dyspnea on exertion. Anxiety symptoms were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Data were analyzed using Spearman's correlations and multivariate regression. Dyspnea on exertion was correlated with general anxiety (r=.31), age (r=-.30), and exercise capacity (r=.27). Regression analysis showed that general anxiety was associated with dyspnea on exertion, adjusted for sex, age, baseline dyspnea, and exercise capacity. Consequently, it is reasoned that results of exercise training and activities in daily living may be influenced negatively by anxiety-worsened dyspnea. Attention should be given to anxiety management in patients with COPD to optimize exercise training. PMID:20936544

de Voogd, Jacob N; Sanderman, Robbert; Postema, Klaas; van Sonderen, Eric; Wempe, Johan B

2011-07-01

410

The relationship between job-anxiety and trait-anxiety—A differential diagnostic investigation with the Job-Anxiety-Scale and the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Job-related anxiety, in contrast to general trait-anxiety, is by its very nature associated with problems of participation at work. The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between general trait-anxiety and specific job-related anxiety and to examine whether job-anxiety and trait-anxiety are differently associated with sick leave. 190 inpatients of a psychosomatic and orthopaedic rehabilitation center with mental

Beate Muschalla; Michael Linden; Dieter Olbrich

2010-01-01

411

"Math Anxiety" Explored in Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Math problems make more than a few students--and even teachers--sweat, but new brain research is providing insights into the earliest causes of the anxiety so often associated with mathematics. Experts argue that "math anxiety" can bring about widespread, intergenerational discomfort with the subject, which could lead to anything from fewer…

Sparks, Sarah D.

2011-01-01

412

Academic procrastination and statistics anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistics anxiety, which is experienced by as many as 80% of graduate students, has been found to debilitate performance in statistics and research methodology courses. As such, it is likely that statistics anxiety is, in part, responsible for many students delaying enrollment in these courses for as long as possible. Moreover, it is possible that, once enrolled in these courses,

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie

2004-01-01

413

Rationally Dealing with Test Anxiety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Test anxiety is a common problem manifested by many college students. The Testing and Psychological Services Center at Northern Kentucky University sees a number of such students each semester. The possible causes of test anxiety are frequently the illogical or unrealistic demands that some students place on themselves. The methods of treatment…

Rogers, George W., Jr.

414

Test Anxiety Reduction. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is intended to assist teachers in helping their adult and teenage students learn to cope with their test anxiety. The introduction examines some of the causes of test anxiety and its negative ramifications from the standpoint of class placement, class grades, employment opportunities, and job advancement. General guidelines…

Silverman, Eda; Hanna, Joyce

415

Afterlife Anxiety in Older People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research has shown that the majority of Americans believe in the concept of life after death in some form. To investigate the effects of afterlife anxiety on wellness in the elderly, 293 Los Angeles elderly were interviewed. An afterlife anxiety measure and measures of physical and psychologial health were administered. Pearson correlations…

Baum, Steven K.

416

Social anxiety in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Individuals with social phobia often hold erroneous beliefs about the extent to which others experience symptoms of social anxiety and the ways in which others evaluate people who appear to be anxious. The purpose of this study was to: (a) provide normative data on the frequency with which individuals in a nonclinical sample experience particular symptoms of social anxiety (e.g.,

Christine Purdon; Martin Antony; Sandra Monteiro; Richard P Swinson

2001-01-01

417

Science Anxiety: Research and Action  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science anxiety has been shown to seriously impede student learning. This chapter will describe research done on science anxiety and will explain specific actions that college science teachers can take to build the confidence of their students. This free selection includes the Table of Contents, Preface, Endorsement of the Society for College Science Teachers, and Introduction.

Mallow, Jeffry V.

2006-01-01

418

"Math Anxiety" Explored in Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Math problems make more than a few students--and even teachers--sweat, but new brain research is providing insights into the earliest causes of the anxiety so often associated with mathematics. Experts argue that "math anxiety" can bring about widespread, intergenerational discomfort with the subject, which could lead to anything from fewer…

Sparks, Sarah D.

2011-01-01

419

Anxiety, depression and students’ religiosity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have examined the protective factors associated with religion and mental illness. In some studies, religiosity had an inverse relationship to mental health problems, whereas in other studies, religiosity has no effect. The current study examines the relationship between religious beliefs, anxiety, and depression in college students. The Beck Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered as

Kate L. Jansen; Rebecca Motley; Joseph Hovey

2010-01-01

420

Death Imagery and Death Anxiety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between death imagery and death anxiety among 179 undergraduate students. Results reveal subjects with low death anxiety scores had more positive death images. Subjects who imagined death to be young had a more positive image of death. Death was seen as male by majority of respondents. (Author/BL)

McDonald, Rita T.; Hilgendorf, William A.

1986-01-01

421

Separation anxiety, attachment and agoraphobia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a framework of attachment, developed by John Bowlby, the anxiety disorder of agoraphobia (fear of leaving familiar surroundings, especially when alone) is conceived as a condition of anxious attachment, related to fear of separation from those with whom one has formed affectional bonds. Bowlby attributes this anxiety to earlier separation or loss experiences or threat of separation. Uncertain about

Pat Sable

1994-01-01

422

Treatment-resistant anxiety disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several epidemiological studies confirmed that Anxiety Disorders as a group are the most prevalent psychiatric conditions in the United States. The importance of these conditions is underlined by the fact that they cause significant disability, poor quality of life, alcohol and drug abuse. Anxiety disorders are treatable conditions and respond to the front-line interventions such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors and

A Bystritsky

2006-01-01

423

Social Anxiety Disorders and Alcohol Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... Disorder (OCD) Panic Disorder & Agoraphobia Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Social Anxiety Disorder Symptoms Treatment News and Research Social Anxiety and Alcohol Abuse Specific Phobias Depression ...

424

Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents  

MedlinePLUS

Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents (Fact Sheet) Publications by Language In English En Español Publications by Topic Disorders Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (4 Items) Anxiety ...

425

Examining the Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorder-71 as an assessment tool for anxiety in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

The psychometric properties of a questionnaire developed to assess symptoms of anxiety disorders (SCARED-71) were compared between two groups of children: children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder and comorbid anxiety disorders (ASD-group; n = 115), and children with anxiety disorders (AD-group; n = 122). Anxiety disorders were established with a semi-structured interview (ADIS-C/P), using child- as well as parent-report. Internal consistency, construct validity, sensitivity, specificity, and discriminant validity of the SCARED-71 was investigated. Results revealed that the psychometric properties of the SCARED-71 for the ASD-group were quite comparable to the AD-group, however, the discriminant validity of the SCARED-71 child-report was less in the ASD-group. Raising the parental cutoffs of the SCARED-71 resulted in higher specificity rates, which suggests that research should focus more on establishing alternative cutoffs for the ASD-population. PMID:23045220

van Steensel, Francisca Ja; Deutschman, Amber Acg; Bögels, Susan M

2012-10-08

426

Postanesthesia care unit visitation decreases family member anxiety.  

PubMed

Despite advocacy by professional nursing organizations, no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have evaluated the response of family members to a visit with an adult patient during a postanesthesia care unit (PACU) stay. Therefore, the purpose of this RCT was to evaluate the impact of a brief PACU visitation on the anxiety of family members. The study was conducted in a phase I PACU of a large community-based hospital. Subjects were designated adult family members or significant others of an adult PACU patient who had undergone general anesthesia. A pretest-posttest RCT design was used. The dependent variable was the change in anxiety scores of the visitor after seeing his or her family member in the PACU. Student t test (unpaired, two tailed) was used to determine if changes in anxiety scores (posttest score-pretest score) were different for the PACU visit and no visit groups. A total of 45 participants were studied over a 3-month period, with N=24 randomly assigned to a PACU visit and N=21 assigned to usual care (no PACU visit). Participants in the PACU visit group had a statistically significant (P=.0001) decrease in anxiety after the visitation period (-4.11±6.4); participants in the usual care group (no PACU visit) had an increase in anxiety (+4.47±6.6). The results from this study support the value and importance of PACU visitation for family members. PMID:22264615

Carter, Amy J; Deselms, JoAnn; Ruyle, Shelley; Morrissey-Lucas, Marcella; Kollar, Suzie; Cannon, Shelly; Schick, Lois

2012-02-01

427

Anxiety Sensitivity and Aspects of Alexithymia Are Independently and Uniquely Associated with Posttraumatic Distress  

PubMed Central

Using a sample of adult survivors of physical trauma requiring hospitalization (N = 677), we examined the relationship of aspects of alexithymia and anxiety sensitivity to symptoms of posttraumatic distress (PTD). At the bivariate level, both aspects of alexithymia and anxiety sensitivity were positively associated with acute PTD symptomatology, but anxiety sensitivity was more strongly related to PTD symptoms. At the multivariate level, both anxiety sensitivity and aspects of alexithymia made unique and independent contributions to both total PTD symptoms and the majority of PTD symptom clusters. At the facet level, anxiety sensitivity Physical Concerns and Psychological Concerns, and the alexithymic dimension of Difficulty Identifying Feelings, were uniquely associated with acute PTD symptoms. Findings are discussed in terms of potential clinical implications.

Zahradnik, Marc; Stewart, Sherry H.; Marshall, Grant N.; Schell, Terry L.; Jaycox, Lisa H.

2010-01-01

428

Global and Local Evaluations of Public Speaking Performance in Social Anxiety  

PubMed Central

Differences in the relative use of global and local information (seeing the forest versus the trees) may explain why people with social anxiety often do not benefit from corrective feedback, even though they pay close attention to details in social situations. In the current study, participants high (n = 43) or low (n = 47) in social anxiety symptoms gave a series of brief speeches, and then self-rated their speaking performance on items reflecting global and local performance indicators (self assessment) and also received standardized performance feedback from an experimenter. Participants then completed a questionnaire asking how they thought the experimenter would rate their performance based on the feedback provided (experimenter assessment). Participants completed the self and experimenter assessments again after three days, in addition to a measure of post-event processing (repetitive negative thinking) about their speech performance. Results showed that, as hypothesized, the high social anxiety group rated their performance more negatively than the low social anxiety group did. Moreover, the high social anxiety group’s ratings of global aspects of their performance became relatively more negative over time, compared to their ratings of local aspects and the low social anxiety group’s ratings. As expected, post-event processing mediated the relationship between social anxiety group status and worsening global performance evaluations. These findings point to a pattern of progressively more negative global evaluations over time for persons high in social anxiety.

Cody, Meghan W.; Teachman, Bethany A.

2012-01-01

429

Positive and negative perfectionism and their relationship with anxiety and depression in Iranian school students  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Although many studies have investigated the relationship between perfectionism, anxiety, and depression among the adults, little is known about the manifestations of perfectionism among schoolage youths. This study has investigated this relationship in an Iranian sample. METHODS: Using multistage cluster random sampling, 793 Iranian school students in 2007 were studied. Data of demographic characteristics, children's depression inventory, revised children's manifest anxiety scale, and the positive and negative perfectionism scales were obtained using questionnaires. RESULTS: The results indicated that both aspects of perfectionism are associated with depression and anxiety. Negative and positive perfectionism have positive and negative associations, respectively, with depression and anxiety. The interaction of anxiety and depression with perfectionism reveals that depression is in association with lower scores of positive perfectionism, whereas in students with higher scores of negative perfectionism, the anxiety scores are also higher. Moreover, the accompaniment of anxiety with depression is in association with relatively lower levels of negative perfectionism. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that negative perfectionism is a risk factor for both depression and anxiety, while positive perfectionism is a protective factor. However, the interventions which encourage the positive aspects of perfectionism and decrease its negative aspects may be able to diminish psychopathological subsequence.

Afshar, Hamid; Roohafza, Hamidreza; Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Saadaty, Alireza; Salehi, Mehrdad; Motamedi, Masoud; Matinpour, Mohammad; Isfahani, Homayoun Naji; Asadollahi, Ghorbanali

2011-01-01

430

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

431

Social Anxiety with Peers in 9- to 14-year-olds. Developmental Process and Relations with Self-Consciousness and Perceived Peer Acceptance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hypothesizes that self-consciousness and perceived peer acceptance correlates with social anxiety. Focuses on 508 French fourth- to ninth-grade students who completed questionnaires that assessed their perceptions of social anxiety with peers, self-consciousness, and perceived peer acceptance. Discusses the results. (CMK)

Mallet, Pascal; Rodriguez-Tome, Gladis

1999-01-01

432

The Gifted and the Shadow of the Night: Dabrowski's Overexcitabilities and Their Correlation to Insomnia, Death Anxiety, and Fear of the Unknown  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purportedly fear of the unknown, death anxiety, and insomnia are prevalent problems among some gifted individuals. The present study tested this assertion and examined the relationship of these variables to Dabrowski's (1967) overexcitabilities. The study involved 73 gifted and 143 typical middle and high school adolescents who were given a death anxiety questionnaire, a fear of the unknown scale, an

Gregory E. Harrison; James P. Van Haneghan

2011-01-01

433

Psychological Testing Policies in Seventeen Midwestern State Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to explore policies on psychological testing functions in state hospitals, a questionnaire was sent to 24 state hospital psychology departments in five northern Midwest states. This brief comment summarizes the 17 replies and their potential implications.

Paul A. Hauck

1959-01-01

434

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

435

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

436

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

437

Summary of Supplier Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire was sent to over two hundred suppliers of EFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) related equipment and services to ask those suppliers to comment on six basic issues of concern to the industry. They are: competition, reliability, security, consum...

1976-01-01

438

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)|

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

439

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found

440

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = * Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found 1 question

441

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Months Interval = Year Your search

442

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work or Work/Home Your

443

Fundamental issues in questionnaire design.  

PubMed

The questionnaire is probably the most common form of data collection tool used in nursing research. There is a misconception that anyone with a clear grasp of English and a modicum of common sense can design an effective questionnaire. Contrary to such common belief, this article will demonstrate that questionnaire design is a complex and time consuming process, but a necessary labour to ensure valid and reliable data is collected. In addition, meticulous construction is more likely to yield data that can be utilized in the pursuit of objective, quantitative and generalizable truths, upon which practice and policy decisions can be formulated. This article examines a myriad of fundamental issues surrounding questionnaire design, which encompass question wording, question order, presentation, administration and data collection, amongst other issues. PMID:10693384

Murray, P

1999-07-01

444

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

445

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

446

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

447

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

448

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

449

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

450

State-Trait Anxiety and the Experience of Elective Surgery in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study involving paediatric surgery patients aged 11-14 years was carried out in order to test the interaction model of anxiety. Thirty-seven orthopaedic paediatric patients (17 girls and 20 boys) and their mothers were administered the Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales (EMAS: Endler, Edwards, & Vitelli, 1991). A comparison group of 31 (15 girls and 16 boys) non-hospitalized children were also

JANET L. CLEWES; NORMAN S. ENDLER

1994-01-01

451

Managing anxiety in ICU patients: the role of pre-operative information provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY • Hospital-induced patient anxiety and coping mechanisms are discussed  The value of giving pre-operative information to reduce anxiety in elective admissions to intensive care unit is discussed  Recommendations are given based on the literature evidence to aid service and practice development ABSTRACT Local delivery of high-quality, evidence-based services is a key element in the current Government's agenda

Anne Scott

2004-01-01

452

Effects of a stress management program for hospital staffs on their coping strategies and interpersonal behaviors.  

PubMed

The present study examined effects of a 3-h stress management program for Japanese hospital staffs that included relaxation and assertion training. Twenty-seven hospital staffs (mean age: 29.4 yr) in a stress management group and 28 hospital staffs (mean age: 29.5 yr) in a wait-list group answered evaluation surveys at both pre- and post-intervention. Self-administered questionnaires including items on job stress, coping strategies, and interpersonal behaviors were evaluated. The stress management program was given six different participant groups: 3 groups were the stress management group and 3 groups were the wait-list group. The program increased active coping and decreased dependent behavior scores significantly in the stress management group, while decreasing assertive behavior scores in the wait-list group. A comparison of the education sub-groups showed that the first group had significantly increased assertiveness and decreased dependency scores. The second group had significantly decreased depression-anxiety scores. The data analyzed for men and women separately showed the stress management intervention significantly improved active coping and assertive behavior in men and dependent behavior in women. A brief one-time stress management program can be effective in improving active coping and assertive behaviors as well as reducing dependent behavior in hospital staffs. Sex differences were noteworthy. PMID:23047085

Hirokawa, Kumi; Taniguchi, Toshiyo; Tsuchiya, Masao; Kawakami, Norito

2012-10-08

453

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

454

An inquiry - aesthetics of art in hospitals.  

PubMed

Historically, art has served a significant purpose within hospital waiting rooms. However, in recent times we have experienced cuts in funding and less interest in improving the aesthetic of art displayed in Australian hospitals. This article briefly discusses the history of art in hospitals and explores a methodology for researching the preference of Australian patients today. Potentially, Australians waiting in hospitals and medical clinics could benefit from art works that reflect their preferences; this may help to ease the pain, anxiety, and boredom of waiting. PMID:18797534

Gates, Jillian

2008-09-01

455

What do predict anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients? A follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Psychological adjustment following cancer occurrence remains a key issue among the survivors. This study aimed to investigate\\u000a psychological distress in patients with breast cancer following completion of breast cancer treatments and to determine its\\u000a associated factors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  This was a prospective study of anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients. Anxiety and depression were measured using\\u000a the Hospital Anxiety

Mariam Vahdaninia; Sepideh Omidvari; Ali Montazeri

2010-01-01

456

Anxiety and depression affects life and sleep quality in adults with beta-thalassemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The aim of this study was to investigate the association of anxiety and depression symptoms with health related quality of\\u000a life (HRQoL) and sleep quality in patients with beta-thalassemia.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  In a cross-sectional study between 2006 and 2007, 292 thalassemic patients were assessed for symptoms of anxiety and depression\\u000a (Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale; HADS), HRQoL (Short Form-36, SF-36) and quality of

Bashir Hajibeigi; Azita Azarkeyvan; Seyed Moayed Alavian; Maryam Moghani Lankarani; Shervin Assari

2009-01-01

457

The Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the 17-item Selective Mutism Questionnaire. Method Diagnostic interviews were administered via telephone to 102 parents of children identified with selective mutism (SM) and 43 parents of children without SM from varying U.S. geographic regions. Children were between the ages of 3 and 11 inclusive and comprised 58% girls and 42% boys. SM diagnoses were determined using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children - Parent Version (ADIS-C/P); SM severity was assessed using the 17-item Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ); and behavioral and affective symptoms were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted to investigate the dimensionality of the SMQ and a modified parallel analysis procedure was used to confirm EFA results. Internal consistency, construct validity, and incremental validity were also examined. Results The EFA yielded a 13-item solution consisting of three factors: a) Social Situations Outside of School, b) School Situations, and c) Home and Family Situations. Internal consistency of SMQ factors and total scale ranged from moderate to high. Convergent and incremental validity were also well supported. Conclusions Measure structure findings are consistent with the 3-factor solution found in a previous psychometric evaluation of the SMQ. Results also suggest that the SMQ provides useful and unique information in the prediction of SM phenomenon beyond other child anxiety measures.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.; Roesch, Scott C.

2010-01-01

458

Diet-Regulated Anxiety  

PubMed Central

A substantial proportion of noncommunicable disease originates in habitual overconsumption of calories, which can lead to weight gain and obesity and attendant comorbidities. At the other end of the spectrum, the consequences of undernutrition in early life and at different stages of adult life can also have major impact on wellbeing and quality of life. To help address some of these issues, greater understanding is required of interactions with food and contemporary diets throughout the life course and at a number of different levels: physiological, metabolic, psychological, and emotional. Here we review the current literature on the effects of dietary manipulation on anxiety-like behaviour. This evidence, assembled from study of preclinical models of diet challenge from gestation to adult life, supports a role for diet in the important connections between psychology, physiology, and behaviour. Analogous processes in the human population in our current obesogenic environment are likely to contribute to individual and societal challenges in this area.

Murphy, Michelle; Mercer, Julian G.

2013-01-01

459

Anxious solitude and clinical disorder in middle childhood: bridging developmental and clinical approaches to childhood social anxiety.  

PubMed

It was hypothesized that children identified by their peers at school as anxious solitary would report more symptoms of social anxiety disorder on a self report questionnaire and, on the basis of child and parent clinical interviews, receive more diagnoses of social anxiety disorder and additional anxiety and mood disorders. Participants were 192 children drawn from a community sample of 688 children attending public elementary schools. Half of these children were selected because they were identified as anxious solitary by peers and the other half were demographically-matched controls. 192 children provided self reports of social anxiety disorder symptoms on a questionnaire, and 76 of these children and their parent participated in clinical interviews. Results indicate that children identified by their peers as anxious solitary in the fall of 4th grade, compared to control children, were significantly more likely to receive diagnoses of social anxiety disorder, specific phobia, and selective mutism based on parent clinical interviews. Additionally, there was a tendency for these children to be diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder and post traumatic stress disorder based on parent clinical interviews. Furthermore, children who had been identified as anxious solitary at any time in the 3rd or 4th grades were more likely than control children to report symptoms of social anxiety disorder that fell in the clinical range and to receive diagnoses of social anxiety disorder and dysthymia (both trends) and major depression (a significant effect) according to parental clinical interview. PMID:19707867

Gazelle, Heidi; Workman, Jamie Olson; Allan, Wesley

2010-01-01

460

Yoga ameliorates performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians.  

PubMed

Yoga and meditation can alleviate stress, anxiety, mood disturbance, and musculoskeletal problems, and can enhance cognitive and physical performance. Professional musicians experience high levels of stress, performance anxiety, and debilitating performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). The goal of this controlled study was to evaluate the benefits of yoga and meditation for musicians. Young adult professional musicians who volunteered to participate in a 2-month program of yoga and meditation were randomized to a yoga lifestyle intervention group (n = 15) or to a group practicing yoga and meditation only (n = 15). Additional musicians were recruited to a no-practice control group (n = 15). Both yoga groups attended three Kripalu Yoga or meditation classes each week. The yoga lifestyle group also experienced weekly group practice and discussion sessions as part of their more immersive treatment. All participants completed baseline and end-program self-report questionnaires that evaluated music performance anxiety, mood, PRMDs, perceived stress, and sleep quality; many participants later completed a 1-year followup assessment using the same questionnaires. Both yoga groups showed a trend towards less music performance anxiety and significantly less general anxiety/tension, depression, and anger at end-program relative to controls, but showed no changes in PRMDs, stress, or sleep. Similar results in the two yoga groups, despite psychosocial differences in their interventions, suggest that the yoga and meditation techniques themselves may have mediated the improvements. Our results suggest that yoga and meditation techniques can reduce performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians. PMID:19657730

Khalsa, Sat Bir S; Shorter, Stephanie M; Cope, Stephen; Wyshak, Grace; Sklar, Elyse

2009-08-06

461

Mindfulness-based cognitive behavior therapy in patients with anxiety disorders: a case series.  

PubMed

The present study is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (MBCBT) for reducing cognitive and somatic anxiety and modifying dysfunctional cognitions in patients with anxiety disorders. A single case design with pre- and post-assessment was adopted. Four patients meeting the specified inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited for the study. Three patients received a primary diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), while the fourth patient was diagnosed with Panic Disorder. Patients were assessed on the Cognitive and Somatic Anxiety Questionnaire (CSAQ), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ), Hamilton's Anxiety Inventory (HAM-A), and Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale. The therapeutic program consisted of education regarding nature of anxiety, training in different versions of mindfulness meditation, cognitive restructuring, and strategies to handle worry, such as, worry postponement, worry exposure, and problem solving. A total of 23 sessions over four to six weeks were conducted for each patient. The findings of the study are discussed in light of the available research, and implications and limitations are highlighted along with suggestions for future research. PMID:23439854

Sharma, Mahendra P; Mao, Angelina; Sudhir, Paulomi M

2012-07-01

462

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Patients with Anxiety Disorders: A Case Series  

PubMed Central

The present study is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (MBCBT) for reducing cognitive and somatic anxiety and modifying dysfunctional cognitions in patients with anxiety disorders. A single case design with pre- and post-assessment was adopted. Four patients meeting the specified inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited for the study. Three patients received a primary diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), while the fourth patient was diagnosed with Panic Disorder. Patients were assessed on the Cognitive and Somatic Anxiety Questionnaire (CSAQ), Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ), Hamilton's Anxiety Inventory (HAM-A), and Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale. The therapeutic program consisted of education regarding nature of anxiety, training in different versions of mindfulness meditation, cognitive restructuring, and strategies to handle worry, such as, worry postponement, worry exposure, and problem solving. A total of 23 sessions over four to six weeks were conducted for each patient. The findings of the study are discussed in light of the available research, and implications and limitations are highlighted along with suggestions for future research.

Sharma, Mahendra P.; Mao, Angelina; Sudhir, Paulomi M.

2012-01-01

463

Snapshot of the Australian Public Hospital Pharmacy Workforce in 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: To update the survey of the Australian hospital pharmacy workforce undertaken in 2001. Method: A questionnaire was sent to 303 Australian hospitals with an identified hospital pharmacy service. Data returned from 128 public hospital pharmacy services were analysed and compared to the earlier study. Results: Key findings were: 1. 107 (10%) of the 1054 establishment pharmacist full-time equivalent positions

Karen M O'Leary; Yvonne M Allinson

464

Mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a distillation of the major result from the 1998 Ph.D. thesis of the late David Wither. It details a longitudinal study over five years of the relationship between mathematics anxiety and mathematics achievement. It starts from the already well documented negative correlation between the two, and seeks to establish one of the three hypotheses—that mathematics anxiety causes an impairment of mathematics achievement; that lack of mathematics achievement causes mathematics anxiety; or that there is a third underlying cause of the two.

Sherman, Brian F.; Wither (Post.), David P.

2003-09-01

465

Test Anxiety: Situationally Specific or General.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper reports two experiments whose purpose was to relate two bodies of research on anxiety: test and trait-state anxiety. It was reasoned that state anxiety measures obtained in an evaluative testing condition should be more similar to test anxiety t...

S. Tobias J. J. Hedl

1972-01-01

466

Social anxiety and drinking in college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence is reviewed that indicates that social anxiety is a significant motivation for drinking among college students. Although the link between social anxiety and alcohol consumption has been studied from a variety of perspectives, there has been little integration of data. Drawing from the alcohol and anxiety literature, the relationship between social anxiety and heavy drinking in college students is

Randy S Burke; Robert S Stephens

1999-01-01

467

Management of Anxiety in Late Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Epidemiologic data are used as a framework to discuss the pharmacologic and cognitive-behavioral management of anxiety disorders in late life. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and phobias account for most cases of anxiety in late life. The high level of comorbidity between GAD and major depression, and the observation that the anxiety usually arises secondarily to the depression, suggests that antidepressant

Alastair J. Flint

1999-01-01

468

Cognitive Test Anxiety and Academic Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new measure that focused explicitly on the cognitive dimension of test anxiety was introduced and examined for psychometric quality as compared to existing measures of test anxiety. The new scale was found to be a reliable and valid measure of cognitive test anxiety. The impact of cognitive test anxiety as well as emotionality and test procrastination were subsequently evaluated

Jerrell C. Cassady; Ronald E. Johnson

2002-01-01

469

Acupuncture for anxiety and anxiety disorders – a systematic literature review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the evidence for the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of anxiety and anxiety disorders by systematic review of the relevant research.Methods Searches of the major biomedical databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClNAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library) were conducted between February and July 2004. Specialist complementary medicine databases were also searched and efforts made

Karen Pilkington; Graham Kirkwood; Hagen Rampes; Mike Cummings; Janet Richardson

2007-01-01