Sample records for questionnaire measuring attitudes

  1. Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes to Computers and Robots.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, J. L.

    1985-01-01

    The development, testing, and characteristics of an instrument--Computers and Robots Attitude Questionnaire--that can be used to measure the attitudes of secondary students towards computers and robots are described. Individual questionnaire items are largely content-free and may be answered by students with no specialist knowledge of…

  2. Validation of a questionnaire to measure mathematics confidence, computer confidence, and attitudes towards the use of technology for learning mathematics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerry Fogarty; Patricia Cretchley; Chris Harman; Nerida Ellerton; Nissam Konki

    2001-01-01

    This study reports on the validation of a questionnaire designed to measure general mathematics confidence, general confidence\\u000a with using technology, and attitudes towards the use of technology for mathematics learning. A questionnaire was administered\\u000a to 289 students commencing a tertiary level course on linear algebra and calculus. Scales formed on the basis of factor analysis\\u000a demonstrated high internal consistency reliability

  3. Attitude Measurement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norland, Emmalou

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the importance of assessing camp staff attitudes, the nature of attitudes, and how attitudes are formed. Recommends Likert scales as effective in measuring the direction and strength of an attitude, identifying the object of an attitude, and detecting how an attitude was formed. Provides guidelines for developing a Likert scale and…

  4. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. L Birch; J. O Fisher; K Grimm-Thomas; C. N Markey; R Sawyer; S. L Johnson

    2001-01-01

    The Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ) is a self-report measure to assess parental beliefs, attitudes, and practices regarding child feeding, with a focus on obesity proneness in children. Confirmatory factor analysis tested a 7-factor model, which included four factors measuring parental beliefs related to child's obesity proneness, and three factors measuring parental control practices and attitudes regarding child feeding. Using a

  5. The Emergency Medical Services Safety Attitudes Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Daniel Patterson; David T. Huang; Rollin J. Fairbanks; Henry E. Wang

    2010-01-01

    To characterize safety culture in emergency medical services (EMS), the authors modified a validated safety culture instrument, the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The pilot instrument was administered to 3 EMS agencies in a large metropolitan area. The authors characterized safety culture across 6 domains: safety climate, teamwork climate, perceptions of management, job satisfaction, working conditions, and stress recognition. The feasibility

  6. Development of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices

    E-print Network

    Lakshman, Rajalakshmi R; Landsbaugh, Jill R; Schiff, Annie; Hardeman, Wendy; Ong, Ken K; Griffin, Simon J

    2011-04-21

    describes the development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices. Methods We designed a 57-item (19 questions), self-administered questionnaire to measure the following four...

  7. Measuring Attitudes toward Management Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorn, Gerald; Dubin, Samuel S.

    The attitudes of managers toward continuing education management development programs were analyzed, using the Fishbein technique; by this approach, the beliefs people have and their evaluation of these beliefs are measured separately. The evaluation of a belief is multiplied by its strength to get the direction of the attitude. A questionnaire,…

  8. Measures of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Mainstream and BDSM Sexual Terms Using the IRAP and Questionnaire with BDSM/Fetish and Student Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stockwell, Fawna M. J.; Walker, Diana J.; Eshleman, John W.

    2010-01-01

    The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) examines implicit attitudes through the measurement of response latencies. In this study, the IRAP was used to assess implicit attitudes toward "mainstream" sexual terms (e.g., Kissing) and "BDSM" terms (e.g., Bondage) among individuals reporting BDSM interests and among students who did not…

  9. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John B Sexton; Robert L Helmreich; Torsten B Neilands; Kathy Rowan; Keryn Vella; James Boyden; Peter R Roberts; Eric J Thomas

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. METHODS: Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843) in 203 clinical

  10. Construction of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Questionnaire for Assessing Plagiarism

    PubMed Central

    Poorolajal, J; Cheraghi, P; Irani, A Doosti; Cheraghi, Z; Mirfakhraei, M

    2012-01-01

    Background This study was conducted to develop a questionnaire in order to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the faculty members and students toward plagiarism. Methods: A KAP study was conducted from June to October 2011 enrolling 390 volunteers anonymously (response rate 96%). The questionnaire included the following four parts: (a) general characteristics like gender, academic degree and education level; (b) nine questions regarding knowledge (Min=0, Max=9); (c) nine questions regarding attitude (Min=9, Max=27); and (d) eight questions regarding practice (Min=0, Max=8). A pilot study was conducted to assess reliability of the questions regarding knowledge and attitude. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the knowledge and attitude questions was 0.70 and 0.74 respectively. Results: The overall prevalence of at least once plagiarism commission was 38% (SD=0.035). The overall mean score of knowledge, attitude and practice was 5.94 (SD=1.66), 24.12 (SD=2.99), and 0.66 (SD=1.15) respectively. Knowledge of plagiarism was significantly higher among higher academic degrees and females. Their negative attitude toward plagiarism was stronger too. No statistically significant difference regarding plagiarism commission was observed among different academic degrees in both sexes. According to linear regression analysis, plagiarism commission decreased 13% per one unit increase in score of knowledge (P=0.005) and 16% per one unit increase in score of attitude (P<0.001). Conclusions: This knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questionnaire was developed as a standard tool in order to assess perception of subjects toward plagiarism and to estimate the prevalence and the type of plagiarism commission. PMID:23304676

  11. Remote attitude measurement tecniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Elmer, J. F.

    A probabilistic approach is developed to treat practical problems in physical geometry where the necessary data are measured by separated sensors. Remote measurement of the attitude of these sensor's own local coordinate system into its equivalent description in a common coordinate system. A technique is presented to determine the relative attitude of remotely located sensors based upon each sensor measuring the same set of two physical vectors. Sensors measure physical vectors in terms of probabilistic vectors. The attitude of the sensor is expressed in terms of a probabilitic matrix. The engineering considerations for implementing a remote attitude measurement, ReAtMent, system are presented including the development of an error budget necessary to insure that the ReAtMent system performs to the required accuracy. An experimental section is presented using an electro-optical sensor whose attitude is measured in terms of a probabilistic matrix.

  12. Thoughts on attitude measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman Reid

    2006-01-01

    Attitude measurement has had a somewhat chequered history since the possibility of achieving it successfully was demonstrated by Thurstone in 1929. It has been an important area in science education, particularly in the context of falling uptakes in the physical sciences in many countries, and there have been many attempts to measure learner attitudes to explore why they were deserting

  13. Construct Validity for the Teachers' Attitudes toward Computers Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Ronda W.; Knezek, Gerald A.

    2009-01-01

    Positive teacher attitudes toward computers are widely recognized as a necessary condition for effective use of information technology in the classroom (Woodrow, 1992). To measure attitudes toward technology, it is important to have valid and reliable instruments. In this study, the authors used confirmatory factor analysis to verify construct…

  14. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research

    PubMed Central

    Sexton, John B; Helmreich, Robert L; Neilands, Torsten B; Rowan, Kathy; Vella, Keryn; Boyden, James; Roberts, Peter R; Thomas, Eric J

    2006-01-01

    Background There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Methods Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843) in 203 clinical areas (including critical care units, operating rooms, inpatient settings, and ambulatory clinics) in three countries (USA, UK, New Zealand). Multilevel factor analyses yielded results at the clinical area level and the respondent nested within clinical area level. We report scale reliability, floor/ceiling effects, item factor loadings, inter-factor correlations, and percentage of respondents who agree with each item and scale. Results A six factor model of provider attitudes fit to the data at both the clinical area and respondent nested within clinical area levels. The factors were: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Perceptions of Management, Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition. Scale reliability was 0.9. Provider attitudes varied greatly both within and among organizations. Results are presented to allow benchmarking among organizations and emerging research is discussed. Conclusion The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties. Healthcare organizations can use the survey to measure caregiver attitudes about six patient safety-related domains, to compare themselves with other organizations, to prompt interventions to improve safety attitudes and to measure the effectiveness of these interventions. PMID:16584553

  15. The Development of a Questionnaire to Assess Sleep-Related Practices, Beliefs, and Attitudes

    PubMed Central

    Grandner, Michael A.; Jackson, Nicholas; Gooneratne, Nalaka S.; Patel, Nirav P.

    2013-01-01

    There are no established questionnaires that evaluate habitual sleep practices in the context of beliefs and attitudes about sleep. This study describes an effort to develop and evaluate a questionnaire that assesses habitual sleep; behaviors associated with sleep and potential sleep problems; sleep hygiene; social and environmental determinants of sleep; beliefs and attitudes about sleep as it relates to health, safety, and functioning; and knowledge about sleep. A total of 124 participants completed the final questionnaire. Overall, the questionnaire and subscales demonstrated moderate internal consistency, and concurrent and divergent validity were demonstrated by comparing various subscales to existing measures. Future studies may utilize the descriptive data to determine the role of behavioral, social, and environmental determinants of healthy sleep. PMID:23514261

  16. Staff attitudes towards working with drug users: development of the Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hazel Watson; William Maclaren; Susan M. Kerr

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of an adaptation of the Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perceptions Questionnaire to measure the attitudes of staff to working with drug users (the DDPPQ). Participants were a stratified random sample of medical staff, clinical psychologists, occupational therapists and nurses (n = 672) who work within generic mental health, adolescent

  17. Thoughts on attitude measurement

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reid, Norman

    2006-05-01

    Attitude measurement has had a somewhat chequered history since the possibility of achieving it successfully was demonstrated by Thurstone in 1929. It has been an important area in science education, particularly in the context of falling uptakes in the physical sciences in many countries, and there have been many attempts to measure learner attitudes to explore why they were deserting studies in such subjects. This paper explores the place of attitude measurement in science education and traces the main approaches that have been developed. The place and nature of attitude scaling techniques is analysed and it is demonstrated that such techniques have many fundamental flaws. These weaknesses make such approaches unlikely to offer the kind of precision needed to take our understanding of attitude development forward in the context of science education. Alternative approaches are outlined and it is strongly suggested that science education research rejects such scaling techniques and moves forward to develop new approaches that can give the kind of detailed analysis which will prove to be positive and useful. This paper seeks to bring evidence from many sources together, to challenge many of the unquestioned assumptions behind the metholodogies used in many attitude-related studies today and to make a positive contribution in encouraging more appropriate methodologies to be adopted more widely.

  18. The Measurement of Nuclear War Attitudes: Methods and Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayton, Daniel M., II

    Measures of adults' attitudes toward nuclear war are briefly discussed, and Mayton's Modified World Affairs Questionnaire (MWAQ) is described. The 23-item MWAQ was developed from Novak and Lerner's World Affairs Questionnaire, a nuclear war attitude measure by Mayton and Delamater, and related interview items by Jeffries. When the MWAQ was…

  19. Thoughts on Attitude Measurement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Norman

    2006-01-01

    Attitude measurement has had a somewhat chequered history since the possibility of achieving it successfully was demonstrated by Thurstone in 1929. It has been an important area in science education, particularly in the context of falling uptakes in the physical sciences in many countries, and there have been many attempts to measure learner…

  20. Development and validation of a questionnaire for evaluation of students' attitudes towards family medicine.

    PubMed

    Šter, Marija Petek; Švab, Igor; Klemenc-Ketiš, Zalika; Kersnik, Janko

    2015-03-01

    The development of the EURACT (European Academy of Teachers in General Practice) Educational Agenda helped many family medicine departments in development of clerkship and the aims and objectives of family medicine teaching. Our aims were to develop and validate a tool for assessment of students' attitudes towards family medicine and to evaluate the impact of the clerkship on students' attitudes regarding the competences of family doctor. In the pilot study, experienced family doctors were asked to describe their attitudes towards family medicine by using the Educational Agenda as a template for brainstorming. The statements were paraphrased and developed into a 164-items questionnaire, which was administered to 176 final-year students in academic year 2007/08. The third phase consisted of development of a final tool using statistical analysis, which resulted in the 60-items questionnaire in six domains which was used for the evaluation of students' attitudes. At the beginning of the clerkship, person-centred care and holistic approach scored lower than the other competences. Students' attitudes regarding the competences at the end of 7 weeks clerkship in family medicine were more positive, with exception of the competence regarding primary care management. The students who named family medicine as his or her future career choice, found holistic approach as more important than the students who did not name it as their future career. With the decision tree, which included students' attitudes to the competences of family medicine, we can successfully predict the future career choice in family medicine in 93.5% of the students. This study reports on the first attempt to develop a valid and reliable tool for measuring attitudes towards family medicine based on EURACT Educational Agenda. The questionnaire could be used for evaluating changes of students' attitudes in undergraduate curricula and for prediction of students' preferences regarding their future professional career in family medicine. PMID:26040061

  1. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire: Mokken Scaling Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Shenkin, Susan D.; Watson, Roger; Laidlaw, Ken; Starr, John M.; Deary, Ian J.

    2014-01-01

    Background Hierarchical scales are useful in understanding the structure of underlying latent traits in many questionnaires. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) explored the attitudes to ageing of older people themselves, and originally described three distinct subscales: (1) Psychosocial Loss (2) Physical Change and (3) Psychological Growth. This study aimed to use Mokken analysis, a method of Item Response Theory, to test for hierarchies within the AAQ and to explore how these relate to underlying latent traits. Methods Participants in a longitudinal cohort study, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936, completed a cross-sectional postal survey. Data from 802 participants were analysed using Mokken Scaling analysis. These results were compared with factor analysis using exploratory structural equation modelling. Results Participants were 51.6% male, mean age 74.0 years (SD 0.28). Three scales were identified from 18 of the 24 items: two weak Mokken scales and one moderate Mokken scale. (1) ‘Vitality’ contained a combination of items from all three previously determined factors of the AAQ, with a hierarchy from physical to psychosocial; (2) ‘Legacy’ contained items exclusively from the Psychological Growth scale, with a hierarchy from individual contributions to passing things on; (3) ‘Exclusion’ contained items from the Psychosocial Loss scale, with a hierarchy from general to specific instances. All of the scales were reliable and statistically significant with ‘Legacy’ showing invariant item ordering. The scales correlate as expected with personality, anxiety and depression. Exploratory SEM mostly confirmed the original factor structure. Conclusions The concurrent use of factor analysis and Mokken scaling provides additional information about the AAQ. The previously-described factor structure is mostly confirmed. Mokken scaling identifies a new factor relating to vitality, and a hierarchy of responses within three separate scales, referring to vitality, legacy and exclusion. This shows what older people themselves consider important regarding their own ageing. PMID:24892302

  2. Attitude measurement: Principles and sensors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Duchon, P.; Vermande, M. P.

    1981-01-01

    Tools used in the measurement of satellite attitude are described. Attention is given to the elements that characterize an attitude sensor, the references employed (stars, moon, Sun, Earth, magnetic fields, etc.), and the detectors (optical, magnetic, and inertial). Several examples of attitude sensors are described, including sun sensors, star sensors, earth sensors, triaxial magnetometers, and gyrometers. Finally, sensor combinations that make it possible to determine a complete attitude are considered; the SPOT attitude measurement system and a combined CCD star sensor-gyrometer system are discussed.

  3. Psychometric properties of the Norwegian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), Generic version (Short Form 2006)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen T Deilkås; Dag Hofoss

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: How to protect patients from harm is a question of universal interest. Measuring and improving safety culture in care giving units is an important strategy for promoting a safe environment for patients. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is the only instrument that measures safety culture in a way which correlates with patient outcome. We have translated the SAQ to

  4. The Menstrual Joy Questionnaire Items Alone Can Positively Prime Reporting of Menstrual Attitudes and Symptoms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aubeeluck, Aimee; Maguire, Moira

    2002-01-01

    Chrisler, Johnston, Champagne, and Preston (1994) reported that the title of the Menstrual Joy Questionnaire (MJQ) could prime participants to report positive changes on the Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) and greater endorsement of "menstruation as a natural event" on the Menstrual Attitudes Questionnaire (MAQ). This study is a partial…

  5. Developing Attitudes towards Science Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kind, Per; Jones, Karen; Barmby, Partick

    2007-01-01

    In this study, we describe the development of measures used to examine pupils' attitudes towards science. In particular, separate measures for attitudes towards the following areas were developed: learning science in school, practical work in science, science outside of school, importance of science, self-concept in science, and future…

  6. Content validity and internal consistency of the Dutch translation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: An observational study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Els Devriendt; Koen Van den Heede; Joke Coussement; Eddy Dejaeger; Kurt Surmont; Dirk Heylen; René Schwendimann; Bryan Sexton; Nathalie I. H. Wellens; Steven Boonen; Koen Milisen

    BackgroundPatient safety is fundamental to healthcare quality. Attention has recently focused on the patient safety culture of an organisation and its impact on patient outcomes. A strong safety climate appears to be an essential condition for safe patient care in the hospital. A number of instruments are used to measure this patient safety climate or culture. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire

  7. Measurement of Attitude to Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leder, Gilah C.

    1985-01-01

    Provides definitions of "attitudes" and discusses these attitude measures: (1) Thurstone (equal-appearing) scales; (2) Likert scales; (3) (Osgood's) semantic differential scale; (4) inventories and checklists; (5) preference rankings; (6) projective techniques; (7) enrollments; (8) clinical and anthropological observations; and (9) psychological…

  8. Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, James S.; Laughlin, James E.; Wedell, Douglas H.

    1999-01-01

    Highlights the theoretical differences between the approaches of R. Likert (1932) and L. Thurstone (1928) to attitude measurement. Uses real and simulated data on attitudes toward abortion to illustrate that attitude researchers should pay more attention to the empirical-response characteristics of items on a Likert attitude questionnaire. (SLD)

  9. Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Safety activities have been initiated at many hospitals in Taiwan, but little is known about the safety culture at these hospitals. The aims of this study were to verify a safety culture survey instrument in Chinese and to assess hospital safety culture in Taiwan. Methods The Taiwan Patient Safety Culture Survey was conducted in 2008, using the adapted Safety Attitude Questionnaire in Chinese (SAQ-C). Hospitals and their healthcare workers participated in the survey on a voluntary basis. The psychometric properties of the five SAQ-C dimensions were examined, including teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions. Additional safety measures were asked to assess healthcare workers' attitudes toward their collaboration with nurses, physicians, and pharmacists, respectively, and perceptions of hospitals' encouragement of safety reporting, safety training, and delivery delays due to communication breakdowns in clinical areas. The associations between the respondents' attitudes to each SAQ-C dimension and safety measures were analyzed by generalized estimating equations, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels. Results A total of 45,242 valid questionnaires were returned from 200 hospitals with a mean response rate of 69.4%. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.792 for teamwork climate, 0.816 for safety climate, 0.912 for job satisfaction, 0.874 for perception of management, and 0.785 for working conditions. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated a good model fit for each dimension and the entire construct. The percentage of hospital healthcare workers holding positive attitude was 48.9% for teamwork climate, 45.2% for perception of management, 42.1% for job satisfaction, 37.2% for safety climate, and 31.8% for working conditions. There were wide variations in the range of SAQ-C scores in each dimension among hospitals. Compared to those without positive attitudes, healthcare workers with positive attitudes to each SAQ dimension were more likely to perceive good collaboration with coworkers, and their hospitals were more likely to encourage safety reporting and to prioritize safety training programs (Wald chi-square test, p < 0.001 for all). Conclusions Analytical results verified the psychometric properties of the SAQ-C at Taiwanese hospitals. The safety culture at most hospitals has not fully developed and there is considerable room for improvement. PMID:20698965

  10. Attitudes towards neuroleptic treatment: Reliability and validity of the Attitudes towards Neuroleptic Treatment (ANT) questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Kampman; K. Lehtinen; V. Lassila; E. Leinonen; O. Poutanen; A.-M. Koivisto

    2000-01-01

    Non-compliance problems may rise to 50% among patients undergoing neuroleptic treatment. There are no direct measures available to predict compliance, if previous non-compliance is not taken into account.Attitudes towards neuroleptic treatment and insight into psychotic symptoms may vary during the course of the treatment process. It would be relevant to evaluate these items before taking any clinical action and later

  11. The safety attitudes questionnaire – ambulatory version: psychometric properties of the Norwegian translated version for the primary care setting

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Patient safety culture is how leader and staff interaction, attitudes, routines and practices protect patients from adverse events in healthcare. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire is the most widely used instrument to measure safety attitudes among health care providers. The instrument may identify possible weaknesses in clinical settings, and motivate and guide quality improvement interventions and reductions in medical errors. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version was developed for measuring safety culture in the primary care setting. The original version includes six major patient safety factors: Teamwork climate, Safety climate, Job satisfaction, Perceptions of management, Working conditions and Stress recognition. We describe the results of a validation study using the Norwegian translation of the questionnaire in the primary care setting, and present the psychometric properties of this version. Methods The study was done in seven Out-of-hours casualty clinics and 17 regular GP practices employing a total of 510 primary health care providers (194 nurses and 316 medical doctors). In October and November 2012, the translated Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version was distributed by e-mail. Data were collected electronically using the program QuestBack, whereby the participants responded anonymously. SPSS was used to estimate the Cronbach’s alphas, item-to-own-factor correlations, intercorrelations of factors and item-descriptive statistics. The confirmatory factor analysis was done by AMOS. Results Of the 510 invited health care providers, 266 (52%) answered the questionnaire - 72% of the registered nurses (n?=?139) and 39% of the medical doctors (n?=?124). In the confirmatory factor analysis, the following five factor model was shown to have acceptable goodness-of-fit values in the Norwegian primary care setting: Teamwork climate, Safety climate, Job satisfaction, Working conditions and Perceptions of management. Conclusions The results of our study indicate that the Norwegian translated version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version, with the five confirmed factors, might be a useful tool for measuring several aspects of patient safety culture in the primary care setting. Further research should investigate whether there is an association between patient safety culture in primary care, as measured by the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire – Ambulatory Version, and occurrence of medical errors and negative patient outcome. PMID:24678764

  12. Body image during pregnancy: an evaluation of the suitability of the body attitudes questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ) for measuring body dissatisfaction among pregnant women by comparing the psychometric functioning of the BAQ: (1) across key phases of pregnancy, and (2) between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods A total of 176 pregnant women from Melbourne, Victoria filled out a questionnaire battery containing demographic questions and the Body Attitudes Questionnaire at 16, 24, and 32 weeks during pregnancy. A comparison group of 148 non-pregnant women also completed the questionnaire battery at Time 1. Evaluations of the psychometric properties of the BAQ consisted of a series of measurement invariance tests conducted within a structural equation modelling framework. Results Although the internal consistency and factorial validity of the subscales of the BAQ were established across time and also in comparisons between pregnant and non-pregnant women, measurement invariance tests showed non-invariant item intercepts across pregnancy and also in comparison with the non-pregnant subgroup. Inspection of modification indices revealed a complex, non-uniform pattern of differences in item intercepts across groups. Conclusions Collectively, our findings suggest that comparisons of body dissatisfaction between pregnant and non-pregnant women (at least based on the BAQ) are likely to be conflated by differential measurement biases that serve to undermine attempts to accurately assess level of body dissatisfaction. Researchers should be cautious in assessments of body dissatisfaction among pregnant women until a suitable measure has been established for use in this population. Given the fact that body dissatisfaction is often associated with maladaptive behaviours, such as unhealthy eating and extreme weight loss behaviours, and with ante-and post-natal depression, that have serious negative implications for women’s health and well-being, and potentially also for the unborn foetus during pregnancy, developing a suitable body image screening tool, specific to the perinatal period is clearly warranted. PMID:22950761

  13. Assessing Safety Culture in Pharmacies: The psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annika Nordén-Hägg; J Bryan Sexton; Sofia Kälvemark-Sporrong; Lena Ring; Åsa Kettis-Lindblad

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ. This study presents the validation of the SAQ for use in Swedish pharmacies. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented

  14. Students' Attitudes to Work and Unemployment. Part II: The Attitude Questionnaire. Research Service, #152.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larter, Sylvia; And Others

    The purposes of the second part of a three-phase study were to examine the attitudes of Toronto secondary school students to work and unemployment and to examine the differences in the attitudes held by males, females, and students with varying degrees of work or job search experience. A total of 1,815 were asked to respond to an attitude

  15. Development and Validation of the ACSI: Measuring Students' Science Attitudes, Pro-Environmental Behaviour, Climate Change Attitudes and Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dijkstra, E. M.; Goedhart, M. J.

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the development and validation of the Attitudes towards Climate Change and Science Instrument. This 63-item questionnaire measures students' pro-environmental behaviour, their climate change knowledge and their attitudes towards school science, societal implications of science, scientists, a career in science and the urgency…

  16. Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting

    PubMed Central

    Kristensen, Solvejg; Sabroe, Svend; Bartels, Paul; Mainz, Jan; Christensen, Karl Bang

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee’s perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data. Materials and methods The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK). The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas) across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach’s alpha (?), and item and subscale scores. Results Participation was 73.2% (N=925) of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, P<0.001, CFI 0.901, RMSEA (90% CI) 0.053 (0.050–0056), Probability RMSEA (p close)=0.057. Inter-scale correlations between the factors showed moderate-to-high correlations. The scale stress recognition had significant negative correlations with each of the other scales. Questionnaire reliability was high, (?=0.89), and scale reliability ranged from ?=0.70 to ?=0.86 for the six scales. Proportions of participants with a positive attitude to each of the six SAQ scales did not differ between the somatic and psychiatric health care staff. Substantial variability at the unit level in all six scale mean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples. Conclusion SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially a useful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals. PMID:25674015

  17. Attitudes toward TV Advertising: A Measure for Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Alessio, Maria; Laghi, Fiorenzo; Baiocco, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    A new self-report measure of children's attitudes toward TV advertising is described. The self-report scale was administered to 300 8- to-10-year-old children, and their parents completed a questionnaire evaluating socioeconomic status, educational level, and peer influence. Results of a factor analysis supported three identifiable factors…

  18. Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students

    PubMed Central

    Lie, Désirée; Boker, John

    2004-01-01

    Background The need for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and holistic approaches in allopathic medical school curricula has been well articulated. Despite increased CAM instruction, feasible and validated instruments for measuring learner outcomes in this content area do not widely exist. In addition, baseline attitudes or beliefs of medical students towards CAM, and the factors that may have formed them, including use of CAM itself, remain unreported. Methods A 10-item measure (CHBQ – CAM Health Belief Questionnaire) was constructed and administered to three successive classes of medical students simultaneously with the previously validated 29-item Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire (IMAQ). Both measures were imbedded in a baseline needs assessment questionnaire. Demographic and other data were collected on students' use of CAM modalities and their awareness and use of primary CAM information resources. Analysis of CHBQ items was performed and its reliability and criterion-related validity were established. Results Response rate was 96.5% (272 of 282 students studied). The shorter CHBQ compared favorably with the longer IMAQ in internal consistency reliability. Cronbach's coefficient alpha was 0.75 and 0.83 for the CHBQ and IMAQ respectively. Students showed positive attitudes/beliefs towards CAM and high levels of self-reported CAM use. The majority (73.5%) of students reported using at least one CAM modality, and 54% reported using at least two modalities. Eighty-one percent use the internet as a primary source of information for CAM. Conclusions The CHBQ is a practical, valid and reliable instrument for measuring medical student attitudes/beliefs and has potential utility for measuring the impact of CAM instruction. Medical students showed a high self-reported rate of CAM use and positive attitudes towards CAM. Short, didactic exposure to CAM instruction in the first year of medical school did not additionally impact these already positive attitudes. Unlike the IMAQ, which was intended for use with physicians, the CHBQ is generic in design and content and applicable to a variety of learner types. Evaluation measures must be appropriate for specific CAM instructional outcomes. PMID:14718061

  19. Psychometric Properties of a Standardized Questionnaire of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Iranian Medical Specialists about Viral Hepatitis

    PubMed Central

    Ghasemi, Shahin; Kabir, Ali; Ansari Jafari, Mojtaba; Jalali, Mohammad; Amini, Afshin; Faghihi-Kashani, Amir Hossein; Alavian, Seyed Moayed

    2012-01-01

    Background Good knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of the physicians allow them to handle their patients in such a way that they prevent themselves from contracting, and their patients from spreading, the infection. However, the Iranian standardized KAP questionnaire of physicians about viral hepatitis is not available. So, we developed a standard questionnaire. Objectives The purpose of this study was to provide a standard questionnaire as a basic tool for assessment of the present situation of the KAP of clinicians. It can also be used for evaluating educational programs and interventions on physicians in addition to any trends in their KAP about viral hepatitis. Patients and Methods In order to design and standardize a 29-item self-administered questionnaire, we developed a cross sectional pilot study on 60 Iranian physicians. Ten experts in the field of liver diseases and/or designing the questionnaire answered questions about its validity. Cronbach’s Alpha (on 60 physicians that participated in a congress) and factor analysis (on 370 persons; participants of two viral hepatitis congresses in Tehran and Zanjan and physicians of two university hospitals in Ahvaz) were used in the analysis. Results Reliability was 0.7 according to Cronbach’s Alpha score. Face validity was higher than 80%. Content validity of the whole parts of the questionnaire was 96.25% for clarity, 91.56% for relevancy, 96.25% for simplicity and 98.44% for consistency of each question with the questions’ set. Factor analysis showed that 13 components account for 67.4% of the total variance. Conclusions This study provided evidence that our questionnaire is a feasible, valid and reliable measure of physicians’ KAP status in Iran. The factor analysis did not reveal a strong cluster structure. This questionnaire should be interpreted as a one-dimensional element by the sum of all items, rather than a multi-dimensional instrument. PMID:23443850

  20. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire as a Tool for Benchmarking Safety Culture in the NICU

    PubMed Central

    Profit, Jochen; Etchegaray, Jason; Petersen, Laura A; Sexton, J Bryan; Hysong, Sylvia J; Mei, Minghua; Thomas, Eric J

    2014-01-01

    background NICU safety culture, as measured by the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ), varies widely. Associations with clinical outcomes in the adult ICU setting make the SAQ an attractive tool for comparing clinical performance between hospitals. Little information is available on the use of the SAQ for this purpose in the NICU setting. objectives To determine whether the dimensions of safety culture measured by the SAQ give consistent results when used as a NICU performance measure. methods Cross-sectional survey of caregivers in twelve NICUs, using the six scales of the SAQ: teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, stress recognition, perceptions of management, and working conditions. NICUs were ranked by quantifying their contribution to overall risk-adjusted variation across the scales. Spearman Rank Correlation coefficients were used to test for consistency in scale performance. We then examined whether performance in the top four NICUs in one scale predicted top four performance in others. results There were 547 respondents in twelve NICUs. Of fifteen NICU-level correlations in performance ranking, two were greater than 0.7, seven were between 0.4 and 0.69, the six remaining were less than 0.4. We found a trend towards significance in comparing the distribution of performance in the top four NICUs across domains with a binomial distribution p = .051, indicating generally consistent performance across dimensions of safety culture. conclusion A culture of safety permeates many aspects of patient care and organizational functioning. The SAQ may be a useful tool for comparative performance assessments among NICUs. PMID:22337935

  1. Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the safety attitudes questionnaire (operating room version)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Tens of millions of patients worldwide suffer from avoidable disabling injuries and death every year. Measuring the safety climate in health care is an important step in improving patient safety. The most commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The aim of the present study was to establish the validity and reliability of the translated version of the SAQ. Methods The SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context. The survey was then carried out with 374 respondents in the operating room (OR) setting. Data was received from three hospitals, a total of 237 responses. Cronbach’s alpha and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to evaluate the reliability and validity of the instrument. Results The Cronbach’s alpha values for each of the factors of the SAQ ranged between 0.59 and 0.83. The CFA and its goodness-of-fit indices (SRMR 0.055, RMSEA 0.043, CFI 0.98) showed good model fit. Intercorrelations between the factors safety climate, teamwork climate, job satisfaction, perceptions of management, and working conditions showed moderate to high correlation with each other. The factor stress recognition had no significant correlation with teamwork climate, perception of management, or job satisfaction. Conclusions Therefore, the Swedish translation and psychometric testing of the SAQ (OR version) has good construct validity. However, the reliability analysis suggested that some of the items need further refinement to establish sound internal consistency. As suggested by previous research, the SAQ is potentially a useful tool for evaluating safety climate. However, further psychometric testing is required with larger samples to establish the psychometric properties of the instrument for use in Sweden. PMID:23506044

  2. Attitude as a Measure for Acceptance: Monitoring IS Implementation in a Hospital Setting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bram Pynoo; Pieter Devolder; Tony Voet; Jan Vercruysse; Luc Adang; Philippe Duyck

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess whether Attitude Toward Technology (ATT) is a better measure of technology acceptance than Behavioral Intention (BI) in a mandatory medical setting. A questionnaire was taken in two hospitals, one university (Setting 1) and one private (Setting 2). The technology studied was PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System). The questionnaire was taken on

  3. Measuring Economic Attitudes in High School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walstad, William B.; Soper, John C.

    This paper discusses a survey undertaken to assess the attitudes of over 2,000 high school students towards economic issues and economics courses. The premise of the survey was that more studies evaluating economics instruction at the high school level overemphasize achievement and knowledge outcomes and fail to measure attitude outcomes. The…

  4. Patient Attitudes Toward Mobile Phone-Based Health Monitoring: Questionnaire Study Among Kidney Transplant Recipients

    PubMed Central

    Weiland, Ana Katherine; Frenzel, Ronja Maximiliane; Mueller, Martina; Brunner-Jackson, Brenda Marie; Taber, David James; Baliga, Prabhakar Kalyanpur; Treiber, Frank Anton

    2013-01-01

    Background Mobile phone based remote monitoring of medication adherence and physiological parameters has the potential of improving long-term graft outcomes in the recipients of kidney transplants. This technology is promising as it is relatively inexpensive, can include intuitive software and may offer the ability to conduct close patient monitoring in a non-intrusive manner. This includes the optimal management of comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes. There is, however, a lack of data assessing the attitudes of renal transplant recipients toward this technology, especially among ethnic minorities. Objective To assess the attitudes of renal transplant recipients toward mobile phone based remote monitoring and management of their medical regimen; and to identify demographic or clinical characteristics that impact on this attitude. Methods After a 10 minute demonstration of a prototype mobile phone based monitoring system, a 10 item questionnaire regarding attitude toward remote monitoring and the technology was administered to the participants, along with the 10 item Perceived Stress Scale and the 7 item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Results Between February and April 2012, a total of 99 renal transplant recipients were identified and agreed to participate in the survey. The results of the survey indicate that while 90% (87/97) of respondents own a mobile phone, only 7% (7/98) had any prior knowledge of mobile phone based remote monitoring. Despite this, the majority of respondents, 79% (78/99), reported a positive attitude toward the use of a prototype system if it came at no cost to themselves. Blacks were more likely than whites to own smartphones (43.1%, 28/65 vs 20.6%, 7/34; P=.03) and held a more positive attitude toward free use of the prototype system than whites (4.25±0.88 vs 3.76±1.07; P=.02). Conclusions The data demonstrates that kidney transplant recipients have a positive overall attitude toward mobile phone based health technology (mHealth). Additionally, the data demonstrates that most kidney transplant recipients own and are comfortable using mobile phones and that many of these patients already own and use smart mobile phones. The respondents felt that mHealth offers an opportunity for improved self-efficacy and improved provider driven medical management. Respondents were comfortable with the idea of being monitored using mobile technology and are confident that their privacy can be protected. The small subset of kidney transplant recipients who are less interested in mHealth may be less technologically adept as reflected by their lower mobile phone ownership rates. As a whole, kidney transplant recipients are receptive to the technology and believe in its utility. PMID:23305649

  5. Remote Attitude Measurement Sensor (RAMS)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, H. W.

    1989-01-01

    Remote attitude measurement sensor (RAMS) offers a low-cost, low-risk, proven design concept that is based on mature, demonstrated space sensor technology. The electronic design concepts and interpolation algorithms were tested and proven in space hardware like th Retroreflector Field Tracker and various star trackers. The RAMS concept is versatile and has broad applicability to both ground testing and spacecraft needs. It is ideal for use as a precision laboratory sensor for structural dynamics testing. It requires very little set-up or preparation time and the output data is immediately usable without integration or extensive analysis efforts. For on-orbit use, RAMS rivals any other type of dynamic structural sensor (accelerometer, lidar, photogrammetric techniques, etc.) for overall performance, reliability, suitability, and cost. Widespread acceptance and extensive usage of RAMS will occur only after some interested agency, such as OAST, adopts the RAMS concept and provides the funding support necessary for further development and implementation of RAMS for a specific program.

  6. Measuring Experiential Avoidance in Adults: The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmalz, Jonathan E.; Murrell, Amy R.

    2010-01-01

    To date, general levels of experiential avoidance are primarily measured by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), but it includes items of questionable comprehensibility. The Avoidance and Fusion Questionnaire for Youth (AFQ-Y), previously validated as a measure of experiential avoidance with children and adolescents, was…

  7. The 2-MEV Scale in the United States: A Measure of Children's Environmental Attitudes Based on the Theory of Ecological Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Bruce; Manoli, Constantinos C.

    2011-01-01

    The Environmental (2-MEV) Scale questionnaire was developed in Europe to measure adolescents' attitudes and gauge the effectiveness of educational programs. It also formed the basis for the Theory of Ecological Attitudes. In the present four-year study, the 2-MEV Scale was modified for use with 9-12-year-old children in the United States. Initial…

  8. Development and Validation of a Preschool Teachers' Attitudes and Beliefs toward Science Teaching Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maier, Michelle F.; Greenfield, Daryl B.; Bulotsky-Shearer, Rebecca J.

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about preschool teachers' attitudes and beliefs toward science teaching, in part, because the field lacks valid and reliable measures of these teacher-related factors. To address this need, the current study developed and validated a rating scale (P-TABS) using a statewide sample of Head Start teachers (N = 507). A series of…

  9. A questionnaire to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of health care providers on pain.

    PubMed

    Zanolin, M Elisabetta; Visentin, Marco; Trentin, Leonardo; Saiani, Luisa; Brugnolli, Anna; Grassi, Mario

    2007-06-01

    The aims of this study were to survey the knowledge and attitudes of Italian health care professionals toward pain and develop a valid instrument to assess pain knowledge of physicians and nurses. A 21-item questionnaire on a Likert scale was given to 4,961 health professionals in 20 hospitals in Italy who volunteered to participate in the study. The results were analyzed psychometrically in three phases: the Principal Component Analysis phase identified two components, of which only the one that had 10 items about pain knowledge and attitudes (PAK) was studied; the Homogeneity Analysis revealed its acceptable internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha=0.72) and confirmed the Likert equidistance of the item options response; and the Confirmatory Factor Analysis proved that it had a very good construct validity. A standardized score was calculated on the PAK questionnaire using the final 10 selected items, considering 100% as the best level of knowledge of pain management and 0% as the worst. The standardized mean score on the whole sample was equal to 52.6% (95% Confidence Interval: 52.3%-53.0%). There was a statistically significant difference (P<0.001) in percentage score between physicians (56.5%) and nurses (51.3%). Knowledge was best among physicians in Anesthesiology and Emergency; this was followed by doctors in Medicine and then surgeons. The knowledge of nurses was almost constant. This scale fills a void by providing a validated instrument for testing the general knowledge about pain treatment of hospital staff. It is brief and can easily be administered to a considerable number of people. PMID:17531913

  10. Knowledge, attitudes and competence in nursing practice of typhoon disaster relief work among Chinese nurses: a questionnaire survey.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Lin; He, Hong-Gu; Zhou, Wen-Guang; Shi, Su-Hua; Yin, Ting-Ting; Kong, Yue

    2015-02-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the relationships among nurses' knowledge of, attitudes towards and level of competence in nursing practice, as well as factors influencing nurses' competence in nursing practice, in typhoon disaster relief work. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using a self-developed questionnaire to obtain data from 607 nurses working in four tertiary hospitals and two secondary hospitals in Fujian, China, in November 2011. Our findings show that the nurses' average percentage scores on their responses to questions in the domains of knowledge, attitudes and practice were 66.33%, 68.87% and 67.60%, respectively. The findings demonstrated a significant positive relationship between nurses' attitudes and their practice. Nurses' working unit, prior training in typhoon disaster relief, current position of employment and attitudes were significant predictors of nurses' competence in practice. The results indicate that strategies need to be developed for nurses to improve their knowledge, attitudes and practice. PMID:24219840

  11. Health care practitioners’ attitudes and beliefs about low back pain: A systematic search and critical review of available measurement tools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Annette Bishop; Elaine Thomas; Nadine E. Foster

    2007-01-01

    The attitudes and beliefs that health care practitioners (HCPs) hold about back pain have been shown to affect the advice they provide to patients seeking healthcare. In order to develop a questionnaire for a national survey of attitudes, beliefs and practice behaviour of HCPs about back pain, a systematic review of available measurement tools was undertaken. Measurement tools were identified

  12. The development of a questionnaire to measure students' motivation towards science learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuan, Hsiao-Lin; Chin, Chi-Chin; Shieh, Shyang-Horng

    2005-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire that measures students' motivation toward science learning (SMTSL). Six scales were developed: self-efficacy, active learning strategies, science learning value, performance goal, achievement goal, and learning environment stimulation. In total, 1407 junior high school students from central Taiwan, varying in grades, sex, and achievements, were selected by stratified random sampling to respond to the questionnaire. The Cronbach alpha for the entire questionnaire was 0.89; for each scale, alpha ranged from 0.70 to 0.89. There were significant correlations (p?<?0.01) of the SMTSL questionnaire with students' science attitudes (r?=?0.41), and with the science achievement test in previous and current semesters (rp?=?0.40 and rc?=?0.41). High motivators and low motivators showed a significant difference (p?<?0.01) on their SMTSL scores. Findings of the study confirmed the validity and reliability of the SMTSL questionnaire. Implications for using the SMTSL questionnaire in research and in class are discussed in the paper.

  13. Perception and attitude of general practitioners regarding generic medicines in Karachi, Pakistan: A questionnaire based study

    PubMed Central

    Jamshed, Shazia Qasim; Ibrahim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed; Hassali, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad; Masood, Imran; Low, Bee Yean; Shafie, Asrul Akmal; Babar, Zaheer-ud-din

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: In developing countries out-of-pocket payments (OOP) are as high as 80% of healthcare spending. Generic medicines can be instrumental in reducing this expenditure. The current study is aimed to explore the knowledge, perception, and attitude of general practitioners towards generic medicines in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: This exploratory, descriptive study was conducted on a sample of 289 randomly selected general practitioners who were dispensing at their private clinics in Karachi, Pakistan. The questionnaires were distributed and collected by hand. Data was entered to SPSS version 17. Fischer’s exact test was applied to see the association between variables. Results: A total of 206 questionnaires were included in the study. A response rate of 71.3% was achieved. Out of 206 respondents, 139 (67.5%) were male while 67 (32.5%) respondents were female. Close to three quaters of the respondents (n= 148; 71.8%) showed correct knowledge about generic medicines being a ‘copy of the brand name medicines’ and ‘interchangeable with brand name medicines’ (n= 148; 71.8%). In terms of safety, the majority of respondents (n=85; 41.26%) incorrectly understood that the generic medicines are less safe than brand name medicines. The total percentage of correct responses was seen in 53% of the respondents. More than half of the respondents agreed that locally manufactured medicines are of the same effectiveness as brand name medicines (n=114; 55.4%). Male practitioners with practice experience of 11-15 years showed positive perception towards the quality of multinational products. The Majority of respondents believed that their prescribing decision is influenced by medical representatives (n=117; 56.8%). More than three-quarters of the respondents expressed their wish to prescribe low cost medicines in their practice (n=157; 76.2%). More than one third of the respondents expressed their uneasiness to prescribe products from all local manufacturers (n=72; 35%). Conclusion: There were gaps identified in the knowledge of respondents. Although good perception and attitude were noted among the respondents, dissemination of information regarding generic medicines may perhaps strengthen generic prescribing. There is a need to introduce ‘Quality by Design’ concept in local manufacturing units. This, in turn, can inculcate confidence in prescribers towards locally manufactured generic medicines. PMID:23093896

  14. A questionnaire examining attitudes of collegiate athletes toward doping and pharmacists as information providers

    PubMed Central

    Malek, Scott; Taylor, Jeff

    2014-01-01

    Background: Doping in sport has become an increasingly prominent topic. The decision to take part in doping practices is multifactorial and often based on many different information sources of varying reliability. This study sought to determine the attitudes of athletes at a Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) university toward doping and to discover if pharmacists are perceived to be a valid information source on medication usage for these athletes. Methods: CIS athletes competing in at least 1 of 8 sports were asked to complete a questionnaire. Participants were asked various questions regarding their perceptions of doping, medication use, information available to them regarding doping and the role of pharmacists in providing advice on medication usage. Results: In total, 92.7% (307/331) of questionnaires were at least partially completed. Generally, these athletes did not feel pressured to dope or that it was prevalent or necessary. The fear of doping violations largely did not alter the use of medications and supplements. The online doping education program administered by the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport was the most used information source (74.5%); pharmacists were used 37.7% of the time. Pharmacists were perceived to be a good source of information about banned substances by 75.6% (223/295) of participants, although only 35% (104/297) consulted a pharmacist each time they purchased a nonprescription medication. Conclusions: It appears that doping is neither prevalent nor worth the risk for these CIS athletes. There also appears to be an opportunity for pharmacists to play a more prominent role in providing advice on medication use to high-performance athletes. PMID:25364352

  15. Measuring nicotine dependence: A review of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl-Oiov Fagerstrom; Nina G. Schneider

    1989-01-01

    In the last decade, the importance of nicotine in maintaining smoking and in cessation difficulty has been acknowledged. Consequently, this has led to efforts to measure nicotine dependence. This paper focuses on a widely used, paper-and-pencil test of nicotine dependence- the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ). The findings indicate that the FTQ correlates with other proposed measures of nicotine dependence (carbon

  16. Measuring the Effect of Gender on Computer Attitudes among Pre-Service Teachers: A Multiple Indicators, Multiple Causes (MIMIC) Modeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of gender on pre-service teachers' computer attitudes. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 157 pre-service teachers completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses to four constructs which explain computer attitude. These were administered during the teaching term where…

  17. Measures of Social Psychological Attitudes. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, John P.; Shaver, Phillip R.

    This volume presents a systematic review and evaluation of the major empirical measures of social psychological attitudes. It is hoped that the form of presentation adopted in this work (which includes actual scale items and scoring instructions) will help the reader to make his or her own judgments about the current state of the art in social…

  18. Using Partially Structured Attitude Measures to Enhance the Attitude-Behavior Relationship

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick T. Vargas; William von Hippel; Richard E. Petty

    2004-01-01

    This article recalls a classic scheme for categorizing attitude mea- sures. One particular group of measures, those that rely on respondents' interpretations of partially structured stimuli, has virtually disappeared from attitude research. An attitude mea- sure based on respondents' interpretation of partially structured stimuli is considered. Four studies employing such a measure demonstrate that it predicts unique variance in self-reported

  19. Bounded attitude stabilization of rigid bodies without attitude estimation and velocity measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. F. Guerrero-Castellanos; H. Rifai; N. Marchand; G. Poulin

    2009-01-01

    Practically, the attitude control of rigid bodies necessitates the estimation of the orientation and the measurement of the angular velocity. Consequently, the computational cost of the control loop is relatively high. In the present paper, two bounded control laws for attitude stabilization are proposed; the first one is designed without attitude estimation but using angular velocities measurements while the second

  20. Development of the near-death phenomena knowledge and attitudes questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nina R. Thornburg

    1988-01-01

    In the first study of nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward near-death phenomena and patients who have experienced them (NDErs), 20 registered nurses in Intensive or Cardiac Care Units completed a questionaire containing 29 true\\/false\\/undecided statements about near-death phenomena (alpha reliability .83), 29 Likert items concerning attitudes toward such phenomena (alpha .84), and 25 Likert items concerning attitudes toward care

  1. A questionnaire for measuring the Big Five in late childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio Barbaranelli; Gian Vittorio Caprara; Annarita Rabasca; Concetta Pastorelli

    2003-01-01

    A study is presented which aims at measuring the Big Five factors in late childhood through self-report as well as parent and teacher ratings. First, several factor analyses examined self-report and teacher and parent ratings on a 65-item questionnaire developed for assessing the Big Five. Five clear factors emerged from these analyses conducted on self-report and other ratings of elementary

  2. Attitude estimation with gps-like measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fraiture, Luc

    2006-12-01

    The paper presents a walk-through of different aspects of estimation which occur if we face attitude measurements consisting of projections of precisely known directions in inertial space onto body-line vectors of prescribed direction and length. Emphasis is put on both the geometrical aspects and the estimation optimality with the purpose of identifying and exploiting any mutually independent geometrical constraints and to take any stochastic detail we know of into account. The estimation problem is broken down into two steps. In the first step we determine the body-line vectors in inertial space. In the second step we estimate the rotation from these determined line-vectors onto the line-vectors of the body reference system. We consider three situations. First, we only determine the rotation, provided that the line-vectors in the body system are perfectly known. Second, we tackle the case where the body-line vectors are inaccurately known and we optimally determine a rotation and the mismatch between the observed line-vector geometry and the body-line vectors. Finally, we also look at the ultimate calibration limit of this mismatch, employing perfect attitude knowledge. For all three cases we present numerical examples based on a GPS scenario, in which three antennas are electronically connected to give rise to three baselines, each able to measure the GPS carrier phase differences to a precision of ± one millimeter standard deviation. Similarly, inaccuracies of the body-line vectors in the order of one millimeter standard deviation are added to each Cartesian coordinate at each end of the baselines. All results of Monte-Carlo simulations involving the attitude determination are compared with the results obtained by means of a method based on the Wahba problem approach. Ultimately, we study the attitude estimation accuracies in the context of stochastic variations of the directions of either three or five lines of sight of GPS satellites. Measures are worked out to sample data so as to improve the attitude estimation accuracy.

  3. Study of strapdown inertial optical attitude measurement systems, volume 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Todman; D. Eardley; J. Hutcheson; L. Callard

    1977-01-01

    A study is reported on attitude measurement systems using outputs of optical and inertial sensors combined to provide a high quality attitude reference of spacecraft or inertial platforms, undergoing both small attitude precision motion (pointing mode), and large angle slewing motion. The systems considered use a star tracker capable of tracking two stars, and inertial quality rate integrating gyros. Processing

  4. Measuring Attitudes Toward Reading. ERIC/TM Report 73.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Ira

    A reading program's effectiveness can be assessed by investigating skills improvement together with attitude improvement. Frequently, teachers make questionable assumptions about student reading attitudes. To provide educators with a more accurate picture of students' expressed feelings, students' attitudes toward reading should be measured with…

  5. Measuring Students' Attitude toward Educational Use of the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duggan, Ashley; Hess, Brian; Morgan, Deanna; Kim, Sooyeon; Wilson, Katherine

    Student attitudes toward the Internet were investigated in a study designed to develop an instrument that would provide a quantitative measure of the attitudes undergraduates have toward educational uses of the Internet while studying some behavioral correlates of student attitudes. The responses of 395 undergraduates to some form of the scale…

  6. Geometrical Attitude Determination Algorithm Based on Vector Measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyo-Sung Ahn; Seon-Ho Lee

    2010-01-01

    This paper addresses a novel vector-based attitude determination algorithm on the basis of geometrical configuration of external reference vectors. The proposed method called a geometrical attitude determination algorithm can be used for the attitude estimation of moving vehicles when two external reference vectors are partially measured on three orthogonal body axes. Applications of the new method range from the ground

  7. Factor structure of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (Form A) and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire: an exploratory study.

    PubMed

    Chioqueta, Andrea P; Stiles, Tore C

    2006-08-01

    The factor structure of the Norwegian version of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire was investigated with a sample of 344 male military recruits. Principal factor analyses with promax rotation indicated four factors for the former, labeled Performance Evaluation, Need for Approval, Autonomous Attitude, and Perfectionism which accounted for 15.5%, 3.6%, 2.6%, and 2.5% of the total variance, respectively. Two factors comprised the latter. Factor 1 was labeled Negative Self-concept and Personal Maladjustment and accounted for 40% of the total variance, and Factor 2 was labeled Desire for Change and Negative Expectations and accounted for 6.3% of the total variance. The findings may be useful in identifying the specific dysfunctional beliefs and negative automatic thoughts exhibited by military recruits. Such information can also contribute to the development of more effective treatment interventions. PMID:17037474

  8. The Reading Habits and Literacy Attitudes of Inservice and Prospective Teachers: Results of a Questionnaire Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Steven; Pruslow, John; Levitt, Roberta

    2008-01-01

    This article describes a questionnaire survey of 747 students enrolled in a graduate school of education, who are currently teachers or prospective teachers. The Literacy Habits Questionnaire, developed by Applegate and Applegate, was administered in September 2006. Findings suggest a high prevalence of aliteracy, the ability to read but a…

  9. Geometrical Attitude Determination Algorithm Based on Vector Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ahn, Hyo-Sung; Lee, Seon-Ho

    This paper addresses a novel vector-based attitude determination algorithm on the basis of geometrical configuration of external reference vectors. The proposed method called a geometrical attitude determination algorithm can be used for the attitude estimation of moving vehicles when two external reference vectors are partially measured on three orthogonal body axes. Applications of the new method range from the ground robotics navigation to satellite attitude control. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the algorithm can be reliably utilized for the three-axis attitude determination in the presence of inaccurately-measured reference vectors.

  10. Best Practices for Measuring Students’ Attitudes toward Learning Science

    PubMed Central

    Lovelace, Matthew; Brickman, Peggy

    2013-01-01

    Science educators often characterize the degree to which tests measure different facets of college students’ learning, such as knowing, applying, and problem solving. A casual survey of scholarship of teaching and learning research studies reveals that many educators also measure how students’ attitudes influence their learning. Students’ science attitudes refer to their positive or negative feelings and predispositions to learn science. Science educators use attitude measures, in conjunction with learning measures, to inform the conclusions they draw about the efficacy of their instructional interventions. The measurement of students’ attitudes poses similar but distinct challenges as compared with measurement of learning, such as determining validity and reliability of instruments and selecting appropriate methods for conducting statistical analyses. In this review, we will describe techniques commonly used to quantify students’ attitudes toward science. We will also discuss best practices for the analysis and interpretation of attitude data. PMID:24297288

  11. A method of attitude measurement of the calibration target

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Jing; Li, Xiaofeng; Zhu, Lichun; Zhang, Yu; Li, Bin; Li, Weimin

    2010-07-01

    A new method of attitude measurement of the calibration target based on machine vision is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the internal parameters and external parameters of the CCD camera are calibrated by using the feature points on the calibration target. Secondly, shoot the calibration target in different positions and gather any different image information. Finally, measure the calibration target's attitude through reconstructing the positions of those feature points which on the calibration target. Experiment results show that the standard deviation of the attitude measurement errors is less than 10 arc-second. This method is an effective high-precision space attitude measurement algorithm which can meet the engineering requirements.

  12. Risk-taking attitudes among young drivers: the psychometric qualities and dimensionality of an instrument to measure young drivers' risk-taking attitudes.

    PubMed

    Ulleberg, Pål; Rundmo, Torbjørn

    2002-07-01

    Adolescents are proportionately more frequently involved in traffic accidents than are other age groups. A strategy for promoting road safety is to change the attitudes likely to influence driving behavior. However, the lack of valid and reliable instruments to measure risk-taking attitudes makes it difficult to evaluate the effects of measures aimed at changing attitudes among young drivers and their passengers. The present study tested the psychometric qualities of a scale intended to measure adolescents' risk-taking attitudes to driving. The results are based on a self-completion questionnaire survey carried out among 3,942 adolescents and young adults, aged 16-23 years, in Norway in 1998/1999. Using both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, 11 dimensions of risk-taking attitudes were identified. Parametric as well as nonparametric methods were applied to test the homogeneity of items within each attitude dimension. The reliability and validity of the dimensions were satisfactory. The attitude dimensions were significantly correlated with self-reported driving behavior, as well as accident frequency. The application of the new measurement instrument in studies aimed at evaluating safety campaigns is discussed. PMID:12184478

  13. Measuring explicit attitude toward doping: Review of the psychometric properties of the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea Petróczi; Eugene Aidman

    2009-01-01

    ObjectivesDoping use is seldom an accident – it is a deliberate action often requiring considerable commitment. Attitudes are known to influence this type of action and hence they are likely to be predictive of doping-related behaviours. To measure ‘doping attitude’, a valid and reliable tool is required.

  14. The Factor Structure of the Mikulecky Behavioral Reading Attitude Measure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawk, Jane W.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    The Mikulecky Behavioral Reading Attitude Measure (MBRAM) was designed to measure secondary and postsecondary respondents' attitudes toward reading based on Krathwohl's affective development model. This study investigated the factorial validity of the MBRAM using the responses of 411 gifted junior high school students. (Author/BS)

  15. The Measurement of Teacher Attitudes toward Educational Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isakson, Richard L.; Ellsworth, Randy

    1979-01-01

    Graduate and undergraduate students participated in the development of a Likert-type rating scale designed to measure teachers' attitudes toward educational research. Preliminary research supported the instrument's reliability and validity. It can also be used to measure attitude change and to improve educational research courses. (GDC)

  16. Philosophy of Glasser Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

    As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SWF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Philosophy of Glasser Questionnaire was developed. This 15-item scale measuring attitudes toward the philosophy of William Glasser had a coefficient alpha reliability of .77…

  17. Attitude determination using GPS measurement techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, I. M.; Brumbaugh, B. E.; Avrin, J. S.

    The accuracy of attitude determination using GPS signals is considered as a function of signal-to-noise ratio and platform kinematics. The trade-offs and design limitations of various GPS schemes for attitude determination are investigated. Tolerances are derived for such parameters as antenna gain and integration time for a given accuracy.

  18. Attitude Research in Science Education: Classic and Contemporary Measurements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saleh, Issa M., Ed.; Khine, Myint Swe, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The research into how students' attitudes affect their learning of science related subjects has been one of the core areas of interest by science educators. The development in science education records various attempts in measuring attitudes and determining the correlations between behavior, achievements, career aspirations, gender identity and…

  19. Measuring Students' Attitudes toward Educational Use of the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duggan, Ashley; Hess, Brian; Morgan, Deanna; Kim, Sooyeon; Wilson, Katherine

    2001-01-01

    Describes a study that developed an instrument to provide a quantitative measure of the attitudes of undergraduates toward educational use of the Internet and studied selected behavioral correlates of those attitudes. Discusses keeping track of educational Internet sites, sharing educational Internet information with friends, and choosing classes…

  20. Attitude Control without Angular Velocity Measurement: A Passivity Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fernando C. Lizarralde; John T. Wen

    1995-01-01

    It is well known that the linear feedback of the quarternion of the attitude error and angular velocity globally stabilizes the attitude of a rigid body. In this note, we show that the angular velocity feedback can be replaced by a nonlinear filter of the quarternion, thus removing the need of direct angular velocity measurement. In contrast to other approaches,

  1. Measuring Student Attitudes Toward the Air Force Traffic Safety Course. Final Report for Period February 1977--December 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeLeo, Philip J.; Slaughter, Sharon L.

    A questionnaire survey was developed to measure the attitudes of students toward the Air Force Traffic Safety Course. Mandatory for virtually all personnel entering the Air Force, this course was taught in a standardized multimedia format at more than 140 locations . It was a 10-hour course of instruction covering environmental hazards, vehicle…

  2. Testing Parameter Invariance for Questionnaire Indices Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Item Response Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schulz, Wolfram

    2006-01-01

    International studies like PISA use context student or school questionnaires to collect data on student family background, attitudes and learning context. Questionnaire constructs are typically measured using dichotomous or Likert-type items. Scaling of questionnaire items in order to obtain measures of family background, student attitudes or…

  3. Aerial platform attitude measurement by artificial vision

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Truchetet, F.; Aubreton, O.; Gorria, P.; Laligant, O.

    2006-02-01

    Two measurement systems based on electronic imagers for attitude determination of light and low-cost airborne vectors in clear weather condition are presented. Both the devices are based on the following scheme: a binarized sky line image is selected as referential, then each shot, after binarization is segmented in two parts whose mean values are subtracted to the corresponding data computed from referential image. From this comparison analogical or digital values are deduced that give way to estimating the roll and pitch variation angles. The first system is made of off-the-shelf devices: black and white CMOS camera and processing unit made of a dedicated electronic. A second proposition is presented. It makes use of a CMOS retina, developed by our team, dedicated to real time, analogical intercorrelation computing. A simple external processing implemented in a microcontroller completes the system. A model for the embarked imaging system and an equation for an ideal horizon image with respect to rolling and pitch angles are proposed. The method for estimating these angles from the image and errors induced by the various approximations of the model are then presented. A series of experimental results obtained from real images confirms the previous propositions. The last section is dedicated to a presentation of the retinal imager solution, experimental results are also provided in this part.

  4. European attitudes towards ethical problems in intensive care medicine: results of an ethical questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Vincent, J L

    1990-01-01

    A questionnaire was sent to the 590 members of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine to define both the current practices and the opinions of these specialists on various ethical issues. The answers from 242 (41%) European members were collected and analysed. The first part of the questionnaire was designed to define the criteria for admission to Intensive Care throughout Europe. Admissions to the ICU were generally or commonly limited by the number of available beds according to 57% of the respondents and sometimes or almost never according to 41% (100/242). Bed availability in the ICU was especially limited in Spain, Portugal, Italy and the United Kingdom. Despite limited bed availability, two thirds of the respondents did admit patients who were thought to have little or no hope of survival other than for a few weeks. When asked about what ought to be done in these circumstances, the number of respondents who supported the admission of such terminal patients to ICU was halved. These data illustrate the heterogeneity of admission practices in Europe and stress the need for all ICUs to define a policy for admission. The second part was designed to assess the information given to patients in the ICU. Only 24 (10%) of the respondents stated that they always delivered complete information to their patients and only 31 (13%) thought they should do so. When an iatrogenic incident occurred, only 39 (16%) claimed to relate exactly what had happened, to the patient or their relatives but 121 (50%) thought they should. Informed consent was usually required for surgery or gastroscopy and the administration of a new medication. PMID:2358559

  5. Development and Validation of the Chinese Attitudes to Starting Insulin Questionnaire (Ch-ASIQ) for Primary Care Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Sau Nga; Chin, Weng Yee; Wong, Carlos King Ho; Yeung, Vincent Tok Fai; Yiu, Ming Pong; Tsui, Hoi Yee; Chan, Ka Hung

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Chinese questionnaire which assesses the barriers and enablers to commencing insulin in primary care patients with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes. Research Design and Method Questionnaire items were identified using literature review. Content validation was performed and items were further refined using an expert panel. Following translation, back translation and cognitive debriefing, the translated Chinese questionnaire was piloted on target patients. Exploratory factor analysis and item-scale correlations were performed to test the construct validity of the subscales and items. Internal reliability was tested by Cronbach’s alpha. Results Twenty-seven identified items underwent content validation, translation and cognitive debriefing. The translated questionnaire was piloted on 303 insulin naïve (never taken insulin) Type 2 diabetes patients recruited from 10 government-funded primary care clinics across Hong Kong. Sufficient variability in the dataset for factor analysis was confirmed by Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity (P<0.001). Using exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation, 10 factors were generated onto which 26 items loaded with loading scores > 0.4 and Eigenvalues >1. Total variance for the 10 factors was 66.22%. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure was 0.725. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the first four factors were ?0.6 identifying four sub-scales to which 13 items correlated. Remaining sub-scales and items with poor internal reliability were deleted. The final 13-item instrument had a four scale structure addressing: ‘Self-image and stigmatization’; ‘Factors promoting self-efficacy; ‘Fear of pain or needles’; and ‘Time and family support’. Conclusion The Chinese Attitudes to Starting Insulin Questionnaire (Ch-ASIQ) appears to be a reliable and valid measure for assessing barriers to starting insulin. This short instrument is easy to administer and may be used by healthcare providers and researchers as an assessment tool for Chinese diabetic primary care patients, including the elderly, who are unwilling to start insulin. PMID:24236071

  6. Deriving a survey measure of social support: The reliability and validity of the close persons questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Stansfeld; Michael Marmot

    1992-01-01

    The development of a new questionnaire to measure social support, the Close Persons Questionnaire is described from the Whitehall II Study, a longitudinal study of the impact of psychosocial factors on health. The Close Persons Questionnaire includes items on three types of support from up to four nominated close persons and social networks. Its repeatability over a four week period

  7. Measures of Knowledge and Attitude Toward Preventive Cardiology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allred, Charlene A.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    The development and validation of an inventory of preventive cardiology at the University of Virginia is described. The inventory contains two instruments designed to measure medical students' preinstructional and postinstructional knowledge of and attitude toward preventive cardiology. (Author/MLW)

  8. Effective direction measurements for spacecraft attitude: II. Predicted directions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shuster, Malcolm D.

    2007-12-01

    The predicted directions are examined as effective measurements of spacecraft attitude. It is shown that two linearly independent predicted directions are a sufficient statistic for the attitude, and that these two effective measurements can be chosen to be arbitrary directions as long as they are not parallel or antiparallel. However, the correct implementation of the predicted directions in maximum-likelihood estimation of the attitude is complicated by the form of the covariance matrix for each and their mutual correlation. Thus, the predicted directions, which differ greatly from the equivalent direction measurements presented earlier, are not useful as a practical vehicle for attitude data fusion. Unlike the equivalent directions, the predicted directions are always physically meaningful. Unfortunately, they are also almost physically meaningless, as we shall see. Nonetheless, they are of obvious theoretical interest and worthy of a careful examination. The predicted directions can be shown to be "equivalent" measurements for the TRIAD algorithm.

  9. Fast Quaternion Attitude Estimation from Two Vector Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markley, F. Landis; Bauer, Frank H. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Many spacecraft attitude determination methods use exactly two vector measurements. The two vectors are typically the unit vector to the Sun and the Earth's magnetic field vector for coarse "sun-mag" attitude determination or unit vectors to two stars tracked by two star trackers for fine attitude determination. Existing closed-form attitude estimates based on Wahba's optimality criterion for two arbitrarily weighted observations are somewhat slow to evaluate. This paper presents two new fast quaternion attitude estimation algorithms using two vector observations, one optimal and one suboptimal. The suboptimal method gives the same estimate as the TRIAD algorithm, at reduced computational cost. Simulations show that the TRIAD estimate is almost as accurate as the optimal estimate in representative test scenarios.

  10. Validity of a brief measure of parental affective attitudes in high-risk preschoolers.

    PubMed

    Waller, Rebecca; Gardner, Frances; Dishion, Thomas J; Shaw, Daniel S; Wilson, Melvin N

    2012-08-01

    The current study investigated psychometric properties of the Family Affective Attitude Rating Scale (FAARS) for assessing parents' thoughts and feelings about their child, coded from a 5-min speech sample. Parental affective attitudes derive from previous experiences of parenting and child behavior, representations of the parent-child relationship and broader parental characteristics. Data were collected from mother-child dyads at ages 2 and 3 (N?=?731; 49 % female) from a multi-ethnic and high-risk community sample. Multi-informant observations of parenting and questionnaire measures were used to test construct and discriminant validity. FAARS showed good internal consistency and high inter-rater agreement. Affective attitudes were related to mothers' perceptions of their daily hassles, their reports of conflict with their child, and observed measures of positive and harsh parenting. Negative affective attitudes uniquely predicted later child problem behavior, over and above maternal reports of and observed measures of parenting. Overall, results support the validity of FAARS coding in mothers of preschoolers, a previously untested group. FAARS is a novel measure, directly assessing maternal perceptions of the parent-child relationship, and indirectly providing an index of maternal affect, stress, and depressive symptoms. Its brevity and cost-effectiveness further enhance the potential use of the FAARS measure for clinical and research settings. PMID:22453862

  11. Effects of yaw and pitch motion on model attitude measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tcheng, Ping; Tripp, John S.; Finley, Tom D.

    1995-01-01

    This report presents a theoretical analysis of the dynamic effects of angular motion in yaw and pitch on model attitude measurements in which inertial sensors were used during wind tunnel tests. A technique is developed to reduce the error caused by these effects. The analysis shows that a 20-to-1 reduction in model attitude measurement error caused by angular motion is possible with this technique.

  12. Effects of yaw and pitch motion on model attitude measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tcheng, Ping; Tripp, John S.; Finley, Tom D.

    1995-02-01

    This report presents a theoretical analysis of the dynamic effects of angular motion in yaw and pitch on model attitude measurements in which inertial sensors were used during wind tunnel tests. A technique is developed to reduce the error caused by these effects. The analysis shows that a 20-to-1 reduction in model attitude measurement error caused by angular motion is possible with this technique.

  13. The Development of the Children's Empathic Attitudes Questionnaire Using Classical and Rasch Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Funk, Jeanne; Fox, Christine; Chan, Margaret; Curtiss, Kathleen

    2008-01-01

    Empathic responding is implicated in antisocial behaviors such as bullying, sexual offending, and violent crime. Identifying children and adolescents at risk for antisocial behavior and evaluating interventions designed to address problem behaviors require valid and reliable measures. Definitional controversies and limited measurement models have…

  14. I like it when my partner holds my hand: development of the Responses and Attitudes to Support during Pain questionnaire (RASP).

    PubMed

    Krahé, Charlotte; Paloyelis, Yannis; Sambo, Chiara F; Fotopoulou, Aikaterini

    2014-01-01

    Social support can have beneficial effects on psychological and physiological well-being. During acute bodily pain, however, the effects of social support on pain are mixed. This variability may be due to the multifaceted nature of both pain and social support, as well as individual differences. In this paper, we present the development, psychometric assessment, and initial validation of the first self-report measure designed to address this variability in the general population; the Responses and Attitudes to Support during Pain questionnaire (RASP). The RASP includes questions on social support from the romantic partner as well as healthcare professionals (HCPs) and addresses different types of social support and pain responses. The development and validation of the RASP comprised four studies. In Study 1, a preliminary RASP version was completed by 179 healthy individuals regarding any type of acute pain. In Study 2, the reduced RASP was completed by 256 women with experiences of menstrual pain. Principal component analysis indicated a 22-item solution with five underlying dimensions reflecting General Partner Support, Emotional Support from HCPs, Anxiety in the Context of HCPs, Pain Behaviors during Partner Support, and Distraction by the Partner. Construct validity was assessed using a measure of adult attachment style. The RASP showed good validity and test-retest reliability. In Study 3, the 5-factor model received initial support through confirmatory factor analysis in a new sample of 120 individuals with recent musculoskeletal pain. Study 4 provided additional validation of the RASP in a sample of 180 individuals responding in reference to acute back pain. Overall, the RASP is a valid and reliable measure for assessing individual differences in attitudes and responses to social support in relation to acute pain. PMID:25285083

  15. Assessing Safety Culture in Pharmacies: The psychometric validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) in a national sample of community pharmacies in Sweden

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Safety culture assessment is increasingly recognized as an important component in healthcare quality improvement, also in pharmacies. One of the most commonly used and rigorously validated tools to measure safety culture is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire; SAQ. This study presents the validation of the SAQ for use in Swedish pharmacies. The psychometric properties of the translated questionnaire are presented Methods The original English language version of the SAQ was translated and adapted to the Swedish context and distributed by e-mail. The survey was carried out on a national basis, covering all 870 Swedish community pharmacies. In total, 7,244 questionnaires were distributed. Scale psychometrics were analysed using Cronbach alphas and intercorrelations among the scales. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted. Results SAQ data from 828 community pharmacies in Sweden, including 4,090 (60.22%) pharmacy personnel out of 6,683 eligible respondents, were received. There were 252 (28.97%) pharmacies that met the inclusion criteria of having at least 5 respondents and a minimum response rate of 60% within that pharmacy. The coefficient alpha value for each of the SAQ scales ranged from .72 to .89. The internal consistency results, in conjunction with the confirmatory factor analysis results, demonstrate that the Swedish translation of the SAQ has acceptable to good psychometric properties. Perceptions of the pharmacy (Teamwork Climate, Job Satisfaction, Perceptions of Management, Safety Climate, and Working Conditions) were moderately to highly correlated with one another whereas attitudes about stress (Stress Recognition) had only low correlations with other factors. Perceptions of management showed the most variability across pharmacies (SD = 26.66), whereas Stress Recognition showed the least (SD = 18.58). There was substantial variability ranging from 0% to 100% in the percent of positive scores for each of the factors across the 252 pharmacies. Conclusions The Swedish translation of the SAQ demonstrates acceptable construct validity, for capturing the frontline perspective of safety culture of community pharmacy staff. The psychometric results reported here met or exceeded standard guidelines, which is consistent with previous studies using the SAQ in other healthcare settings and other languages. PMID:20380741

  16. The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire as a measure of psychoanalytic constructs reported to be measured.

    PubMed

    Desmet, Mattias; Verhaeghe, Paul; Van Hoorde, Hubert; Meganck, Reitske; Vanheule, Stijn; Murphy, Clare

    2009-12-01

    This study presents an empirical test of Coyne, Thompson, and Whiffen's statement that the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire does not measure the psychoanalytic constructs it is supposed to measure. Convergence was evaluated between the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire's Dependency and Self-criticism scales and clinicians' ratings on hysterical/anaclitic and obsessional/ introjective personality styles in a sex-balanced sample of 56 Flemish outpatients. In line with expectations from Blatt's research paradigm, convergence was observed between the Dependency scale and ratings on hysterical/anaclitic style in the full sample as well as female and male samples separately; convergence between the Self-criticism scale and ratings on obsessional/introjective style was only observed for men. This study yielded no evidence for divergence of the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire and Blatt's psychoanalytic theory. Research is needed to evaluate the sex-specific validity of these subscales. PMID:20099532

  17. Relationships between general and specific attitudes toward work and objective job performance for outdoor advertising salesmen

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wayne K. Kirchner

    1965-01-01

    Product-moment correlations were computed between and among 10 scales measuring general and specific work attitudes and 2 objective, numerical measures of sales performance for 72 outdoor advertising salesmen who completed a 100-item attitude questionnaire. General work attitudes were positively related (r = .42, .46) to objective sales performance. In addition, attitudes toward supervision were strongly related to general work attitudes

  18. Measuring Primary Teachers' Attitudes toward Teaching Science: Development of the Dimensions of Attitude toward Science (DAS) Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Aalderen-Smeets, Sandra; Walma van der Molen, Juliette

    2013-01-01

    In this article, we present a valid and reliable instrument which measures the attitude of in-service and pre-service primary teachers toward teaching science, called the Dimensions of Attitude Toward Science (DAS) Instrument. Attention to the attitudes of primary teachers toward teaching science is of fundamental importance to the…

  19. Tracking Control using Attitude Measurements for Flexible Spacecraft in Presence of

    E-print Network

    Sontag, Eduardo

    Tracking Control using Attitude Measurements for Flexible Spacecraft in Presence of Disturbances S available for feedback are those describing the spacecraft attitude. The unmeasured variables of the system trajectories. The variables available for feedback are those describing the spacecraft attitude

  20. Measuring eating disorder attitudes and behaviors: a reliability generalization study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Although score reliability is a sample-dependent characteristic, researchers often only report reliability estimates from previous studies as justification for employing particular questionnaires in their research. The present study followed reliability generalization procedures to determine the mean score reliability of the Eating Disorder Inventory and its most commonly employed subscales (Drive for Thinness, Bulimia, and Body Dissatisfaction) and the Eating Attitudes Test as a way to better identify those characteristics that might impact score reliability. Methods Published studies that used these measures were coded based on their reporting of reliability information and additional study characteristics that might influence score reliability. Results Score reliability estimates were included in 26.15% of studies using the EDI and 36.28% of studies using the EAT. Mean Cronbach’s alphas for the EDI (total score?=?.91; subscales?=?.75 to .89), EAT-40 (total score?=?.81) and EAT-26 (total score?=?.86; subscales?=?.56 to .80) suggested variability in estimated internal consistency. Whereas some EDI subscales exhibited higher score reliability in clinical eating disorder samples than in nonclinical samples, other subscales did not exhibit these differences. Score reliability information for the EAT was primarily reported for nonclinical samples, making it difficult to characterize the effect of type of sample on these measures. However, there was a tendency for mean score reliability to be higher in the adult (vs. adolescent) samples and in female (vs. male) samples. Conclusions Overall, this study highlights the importance of assessing and reporting internal consistency during every test administration because reliability is affected by characteristics of the participants being examined. PMID:24764530

  1. Measuring chemical sensitivity prevalence: a questionnaire for population studies.

    PubMed Central

    Kipen, H M; Hallman, W; Kelly-McNeil, K; Fiedler, N

    1995-01-01

    Because no information exists on the prevalence of chemical sensitivity syndromes such as multiple chemical sensitivities, a questionnaire for use in population studies was developed and tested to assess the presence or absence of chemical sensitivity. Seven hundred five individuals attending clinics answered a questionnaire asking whether each of 122 common substances caused symptoms. Results showed that patients with multiple chemical sensitivities and asthma had average total scores that were significantly different from each other and from those of each of the other diagnostic categories. Higher total scores were also reported by female patients. The instrument described here may facilitate meaningful prevalence studies of multiple chemical sensitivities. It will also allow study of chemically induced symptoms in other conditions such as asthma. PMID:7702128

  2. The Structure of Cockpit Management Attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven E. Gregorich; Robert L. Helmreich; John A. Wilhelm

    1990-01-01

    A revised version of the Cockpit Management Attitudes Questionnaire (CMAQ) is introduced. Factor analyses of responses from 3 different samples reveal comparable factor structure (previous attempts to factor analyze this measure had produced equivocal results). Implications for the measurement of attitudes and the assessment of attitude change are discussed. It is argued that the CMAQ will benefit both special training

  3. Effective direction measurements for spacecraft attitude: I. Equivalent directions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shuster, Malcolm D.

    2007-12-01

    The equivalent directions are a set of three unit vectors, conforming to the QUEST measurement model, which can lead in maximum-likelihood estimation to any given attitude estimate and attitude covariance matrix. Since they conform to the QUEST measurement model (i.e., are "QUEST-like"), the equivalent directions can be used not only in general estimation problems but also directly in the Wahba problem. It can be shown that three equivalent directions can always be found, and that they are unique within signs if the eigenvalues of the attitude co-information matrix are non-degenerate, but that the equivalent inverse variances for these equivalent directions may not always be non-negative, hence, not always physically meaningful. This can occur, for example, for attitude covariance matrices computed by the TRIAD algorithm for QUEST-like inputs. The equivalent inverse variances for attitude covariance matrices computed from original QUEST-like measurements will always be non-negative. The connection of the equivalent directions and inverse variances to Markley's SVD algorithm is presented. While not a practical vehicle for data fusion, the equivalent directions and their equivalent inverse variances can provide a useful tool for the analysis of attitude systems in data fusion problems and in mission design.

  4. Attitudes Toward Risk: Experimental Measurement in Rural India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans P. Binswanger

    1980-01-01

    Attitudes toward risk were measures in 240 households using two methods: an interview method eliciting certainty equivalents and an experimental gambling approach with real payoffs which, at their maximum, exceeded monthly incomes of unskilled laborers. The interview method is subject to interviewer bias and its results were totally inconsistent with the experimental measures of risk aversion. Experimental measures indicate that,

  5. Attitude Estimation on SO[3] based on Direct Inertial Measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tarek Hamel; Robert E. Mahony

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers the question of obtaining high quality attitude estimates from typical low cost inertial measurement units for applications in control of unmanned aerial vehicles. A nonlinear complimentary filter exploiting the structure of special orthogonal group S0(3) is proposed. The filter is expressed explicitly in terms of direct and untreated measurements. For a typical low cost inertial measurement where

  6. Measuring Individual Differences in Generic Beliefs in Conspiracy Theories Across Cultures: Conspiracy Mentality Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Bruder, Martin; Haffke, Peter; Neave, Nick; Nouripanah, Nina; Imhoff, Roland

    2013-01-01

    Conspiracy theories are ubiquitous when it comes to explaining political events and societal phenomena. Individuals differ not only in the degree to which they believe in specific conspiracy theories, but also in their general susceptibility to explanations based on such theories, that is, their conspiracy mentality. We present the Conspiracy Mentality Questionnaire (CMQ), an instrument designed to efficiently assess differences in the generic tendency to engage in conspiracist ideation within and across cultures. The CMQ is available in English, German, and Turkish. In four studies, we examined the CMQ’s factorial structure, reliability, measurement equivalence across cultures, and its convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. Analyses based on a cross-cultural sample (Study 1a; N?=?7,766) supported the conceptualization of conspiracy mentality as a one-dimensional construct across the three language versions of the CMQ that is stable across time (Study 1b; N?=?141). Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the CMQ items. The instrument could therefore be used to examine differences in conspiracy mentality between European, North American, and Middle Eastern cultures. In Studies 2–4 (total N?=?476), we report (re-)analyses of three datasets demonstrating the validity of the CMQ in student and working population samples in the UK and Germany. First, attesting to its convergent validity, the CMQ was highly correlated with another measure of generic conspiracy belief. Second, the CMQ showed patterns of meaningful associations with personality measures (e.g., Big Five dimensions, schizotypy), other generalized political attitudes (e.g., social dominance orientation and right-wing authoritarianism), and further individual differences (e.g., paranormal belief, lack of socio-political control). Finally, the CMQ predicted beliefs in specific conspiracy theories over and above other individual difference measures. PMID:23641227

  7. Measuring individual differences in generic beliefs in conspiracy theories across cultures: conspiracy mentality questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Bruder, Martin; Haffke, Peter; Neave, Nick; Nouripanah, Nina; Imhoff, Roland

    2013-01-01

    Conspiracy theories are ubiquitous when it comes to explaining political events and societal phenomena. Individuals differ not only in the degree to which they believe in specific conspiracy theories, but also in their general susceptibility to explanations based on such theories, that is, their conspiracy mentality. We present the Conspiracy Mentality Questionnaire (CMQ), an instrument designed to efficiently assess differences in the generic tendency to engage in conspiracist ideation within and across cultures. The CMQ is available in English, German, and Turkish. In four studies, we examined the CMQ's factorial structure, reliability, measurement equivalence across cultures, and its convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity. Analyses based on a cross-cultural sample (Study 1a; N?=?7,766) supported the conceptualization of conspiracy mentality as a one-dimensional construct across the three language versions of the CMQ that is stable across time (Study 1b; N?=?141). Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the CMQ items. The instrument could therefore be used to examine differences in conspiracy mentality between European, North American, and Middle Eastern cultures. In Studies 2-4 (total N?=?476), we report (re-)analyses of three datasets demonstrating the validity of the CMQ in student and working population samples in the UK and Germany. First, attesting to its convergent validity, the CMQ was highly correlated with another measure of generic conspiracy belief. Second, the CMQ showed patterns of meaningful associations with personality measures (e.g., Big Five dimensions, schizotypy), other generalized political attitudes (e.g., social dominance orientation and right-wing authoritarianism), and further individual differences (e.g., paranormal belief, lack of socio-political control). Finally, the CMQ predicted beliefs in specific conspiracy theories over and above other individual difference measures. PMID:23641227

  8. A dynamic attitude measurement system based on LINS.

    PubMed

    Li, Hanzhou; Pan, Quan; Wang, Xiaoxu; Zhang, Juanni; Li, Jiang; Jiang, Xiangjun

    2014-01-01

    A dynamic attitude measurement system (DAMS) is developed based on a laser inertial navigation system (LINS). Three factors of the dynamic attitude measurement error using LINS are analyzed: dynamic error, time synchronization and phase lag. An optimal coning errors compensation algorithm is used to reduce coning errors, and two-axis wobbling verification experiments are presented in the paper. The tests indicate that the attitude accuracy is improved 2-fold by the algorithm. In order to decrease coning errors further, the attitude updating frequency is improved from 200 Hz to 2000 Hz. At the same time, a novel finite impulse response (FIR) filter with three notches is designed to filter the dither frequency of the ring laser gyro (RLG). The comparison tests suggest that the new filter is five times more effective than the old one. The paper indicates that phase-frequency characteristics of FIR filter and first-order holder of navigation computer constitute the main sources of phase lag in LINS. A formula to calculate the LINS attitude phase lag is introduced in the paper. The expressions of dynamic attitude errors induced by phase lag are derived. The paper proposes a novel synchronization mechanism that is able to simultaneously solve the problems of dynamic test synchronization and phase compensation. A single-axis turntable and a laser interferometer are applied to verify the synchronization mechanism. The experiments results show that the theoretically calculated values of phase lag and attitude error induced by phase lag can both match perfectly with testing data. The block diagram of DAMS and physical photos are presented in the paper. The final experiments demonstrate that the real-time attitude measurement accuracy of DAMS can reach up to 20? (1?) and the synchronization error is less than 0.2 ms on the condition of three axes wobbling for 10 min. PMID:25177802

  9. A Dynamic Attitude Measurement System Based on LINS

    PubMed Central

    Li, Hanzhou; Pan, Quan; Wang, Xiaoxu; Zhang, Juanni; Li, Jiang; Jiang, Xiangjun

    2014-01-01

    A dynamic attitude measurement system (DAMS) is developed based on a laser inertial navigation system (LINS). Three factors of the dynamic attitude measurement error using LINS are analyzed: dynamic error, time synchronization and phase lag. An optimal coning errors compensation algorithm is used to reduce coning errors, and two-axis wobbling verification experiments are presented in the paper. The tests indicate that the attitude accuracy is improved 2-fold by the algorithm. In order to decrease coning errors further, the attitude updating frequency is improved from 200 Hz to 2000 Hz. At the same time, a novel finite impulse response (FIR) filter with three notches is designed to filter the dither frequency of the ring laser gyro (RLG). The comparison tests suggest that the new filter is five times more effective than the old one. The paper indicates that phase-frequency characteristics of FIR filter and first-order holder of navigation computer constitute the main sources of phase lag in LINS. A formula to calculate the LINS attitude phase lag is introduced in the paper. The expressions of dynamic attitude errors induced by phase lag are derived. The paper proposes a novel synchronization mechanism that is able to simultaneously solve the problems of dynamic test synchronization and phase compensation. A single-axis turntable and a laser interferometer are applied to verify the synchronization mechanism. The experiments results show that the theoretically calculated values of phase lag and attitude error induced by phase lag can both match perfectly with testing data. The block diagram of DAMS and physical photos are presented in the paper. The final experiments demonstrate that the real-time attitude measurement accuracy of DAMS can reach up to 20? (1?) and the synchronization error is less than 0.2 ms on the condition of three axes wobbling for 10 min. PMID:25177802

  10. Use of a questionnaire to compare day care staff and mental health staff attitudes: an aid to mental health consultation to day care.

    PubMed

    Zelman, A B; Friedman, M; Pasquariella, B

    1986-01-01

    Comparison of day care staff responses and mental health clinic responses to a questionnaire are a useful tool in day care consultation. A questionnaire was devised which included items relating to early child development and to mental health consultation to day care. Day care staff responses to the questionnaire and mental health staff responses were compared. Day care workers appear to place relatively more importance on punishment while still appreciating the value of praise and positive reward. They also place relatively more value on the early development of independence, seem less concerned about the need to meet dependency needs 1st and thus expect the pre-schooler to be able to share more. Relative to mental health workers, they have reservations about the children's expression of negative feelings about adults. Day care staffs more often favor scheduled feeding over demand feeding compared to their clinical counterparts. They are more inclined to disapprove of thumb sucking and especially disagree with the clinicians' view that thumb sucking may help a child to separate from his mother. They are more inclined to view bed wetting after age 4 as a physical problem and to feel that it should be stopped as soon as possible. They also perceive young children as being less interested in their genitals. Day care workers are apparently not as convinced of the value of early involvement in rituals and communication regarding bereavement and are not as impressed with the degree to which 1 year olds, at least, experience separation anxiety. With regard to attributions of differences between the sexes, while clinic staff viewed boys and girls as equal, day care staff viewed them as significantly different with regared to intelligence and their need for love and discipline. A questionnaire like this one can be useful in the following ways: 1st, it can help mental health consultants formulate concrete goals and objectives. 2nd, it can be useful in evaluating the degree to which these goals and objectives have been achieved. Attitude change, such as that measured by questonnaires, can be viewed both as a process and an outcome variable. PMID:12314277

  11. Validation of the historical adulthood physical activity questionnaire (HAPAQ) against objective measurements of physical activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hervé Besson; Ceryl A Harwood; Ulf Ekelund; Francis M Finucane; Christopher J McDermott; Pamela J Shaw; Nicholas J Wareham

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Lifetime physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) is an important determinant of risk for many chronic diseases but remains challenging to measure. Previously reported historical physical activity (PA) questionnaires appear to be reliable, but their validity is less well established. METHODS: We sought to design and validate an historical adulthood PA questionnaire (HAPAQ) against objective PA measurements from the same

  12. Development and results of a questionnaire to measure carer satisfaction after stroke

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P Pound; P Gompertz; S Ebrahim

    1993-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--To develop a carer satisfaction questionnaire for use as an outcome measure in stroke, to test the measure for reliability and validity, and to survey levels of carer satisfaction with services for stroke patients. DESIGN--Postal survey of carer satisfaction with stroke services was carried out using the questionnaire we developed and tested. Internal consistency was tested and construct validation

  13. Measurement Properties of Questionnaires Measuring Continuity of Care: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Uijen, Annemarie A.; Heinst, Claire W.; Schellevis, Francois G.; van den Bosch, Wil J.H.M.; van de Laar, Floris A.; Terwee, Caroline B.; Schers, Henk J.

    2012-01-01

    Background Continuity of care is widely acknowledged as a core value in family medicine. In this systematic review, we aimed to identify the instruments measuring continuity of care and to assess the quality of their measurement properties. Methods We did a systematic review using the PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases, with an extensive search strategy including ‘continuity of care’, ‘coordination of care’, ‘integration of care’, ‘patient centered care’, ‘case management’ and its linguistic variations. We searched from 1995 to October 2011 and included articles describing the development and/or evaluation of the measurement properties of instruments measuring one or more dimensions of continuity of care (1) care from the same provider who knows and follows the patient (personal continuity), (2) communication and cooperation between care providers in one care setting (team continuity), and (3) communication and cooperation between care providers in different care settings (cross-boundary continuity). We assessed the methodological quality of the measurement properties of each instrument using the COSMIN checklist. Results We included 24 articles describing the development and/or evaluation of 21 instruments. Ten instruments measured all three dimensions of continuity of care. Instruments were developed for different groups of patients or providers. For most instruments, three or four of the six measurement properties were assessed (mostly internal consistency, content validity, structural validity and construct validity). Six instruments scored positive on the quality of at least three of six measurement properties. Conclusions Most included instruments have problems with either the number or quality of its assessed measurement properties or the ability to measure all three dimensions of continuity of care. Based on the results of this review, we recommend the use of one of the four most promising instruments, depending on the target population Diabetes Continuity of Care Questionnaire, Alberta Continuity of Services Scale-Mental Health, Heart Continuity of Care Questionnaire, and Nijmegen Continuity Questionnaire. PMID:22860100

  14. Optimal estimation for the satellite attitude using star tracker measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lo, J. T.-H.

    1986-01-01

    An optimal estimation scheme is presented, which determines the satellite attitude using the gyro readings and the star tracker measurements of a commonly used satellite attitude measuring unit. The scheme is mainly based on the exponential Fourier densities that have the desirable closure property under conditioning. By updating a finite and fixed number of parameters, the conditional probability density, which is an exponential Fourier density, is recursively determined. Simulation results indicate that the scheme is more accurate and robust than extended Kalman filtering. It is believed that this approach is applicable to many other attitude measuring units. As no linearization and approximation are necessary in the approach, it is ideal for systems involving high levels of randomness and/or low levels of observability and systems for which accuracy is of overriding importance.

  15. Measuring the stigma of psychiatry and psychiatrists: development of a questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Gaebel, Wolfgang; Zäske, Harald; Cleveland, Helen-Rose; Zielasek, Jürgen; Stuart, Heather; Arboleda-Florez, Julio; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi; Gureje, Oye; Jorge, Miguel R; Kastrup, Marianne; Suzuki, Yuriko; Tasman, Allan; Sartorius, Norman

    2011-11-01

    The stigma of mental illness is a severe burden for people suffering from mental illness both in private and public life, also affecting their relatives, their close social network, and the mental health care system in terms of disciplines, providers, and institutions. Interventions against the stigma of mental illness employ complementary strategies (e.g., protest, education, and contact) and address different target groups (e.g., school children and teachers, journalists, stakeholders). Within this framework, the World Psychiatric Association has adopted an Action Plan with the goal to improve the image of psychiatry and to reduce potential stigmatizing attitudes toward psychiatry and psychiatrists. To evaluate such interventions, a questionnaire has been developed that assesses opinions and attitudes toward psychiatrists and psychiatry in different samples of medical specialists (psychiatrists and general practitioners). The questionnaire comprises scales about perceived stigma in terms of the perception of societal stereotypes, self-stigma in terms of stereotype agreement, perceived stigma in terms of structural discriminations, discrimination experiences, stigma outcomes, and attitudes toward a second medical discipline. It is available in several languages (Arab, English, German, Japanese, Polish, and Spanish) and can easily be adapted for utilization in other medical specialties. PMID:21947511

  16. Measuring life event stress in the lives of college students: The Undergraduate Stress Questionnaire (USQ)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian S. Crandall; Jeanne J. Preisler; Julie Aussprung

    1992-01-01

    We describe the development of the Undergraduate Stress Questionnaire (USQ), a life events checklist designed to measure stress among undergraduates. Several studies demonstrate the USQ's validity. The USQ correlates positively with physical symptoms and negatively with mood. Students rated the USQ as the most complete and accurate of four different life events questionnaires. In a panel study, the USQ closely

  17. Comprehensive Comparison of Self-Administered Questionnaires for Measuring Quantitative Autistic Traits in Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nishiyama, Takeshi; Suzuki, Masako; Adachi, Katsunori; Sumi, Satoshi; Okada, Kensuke; Kishino, Hirohisa; Sakai, Saeko; Kamio, Yoko; Kojima, Masayo; Suzuki, Sadao; Kanne, Stephen M.

    2014-01-01

    We comprehensively compared all available questionnaires for measuring quantitative autistic traits (QATs) in terms of reliability and construct validity in 3,147 non-clinical and 60 clinical subjects with normal intelligence. We examined four full-length forms, the Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire (SATQ), the Broader Autism Phenotype…

  18. Passive Attitude Control of Flexible Spacecraft from Quaternion Measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Di Gennaro

    2003-01-01

    In this work, we propose a dynamic controller for a spacecraft with flexible appendages and based on attitude measurements. This control ensures the asymptotic fulfillment of the objectives in the case of rest-to-rest maneuvers when a failure occurs on the accelerometer sensors, so that the angular velocity is not available for feedback. Also, it is assumed that the modal variables

  19. Measuring Change in Professionalism Attitudes during the Gross Anatomy Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, William G., Jr.; Hoagland, Todd M.

    2010-01-01

    By design or default, anatomy educators are often responsible for introducing students to medical professionalism. Although much has been said about the role of anatomical education, there are no published reports suggesting how to measure change. This study investigated what professionalism attitudes, if any, change during a gross anatomy course.…

  20. Measuring propaganda effects with direct and indirect attitude tests

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack A. Parrish; Donald T. Campbell

    1953-01-01

    An attempt is made to study propaganda effectiveness through the use of disguised attitude measures. The relative effectiveness of two typical radio styles used in informational programs is studied  The traditional pretest design is abandoned in favor of matched groups given a post-test only.

  1. Throwing Away the Key: Measuring Prison Reform Attitudes1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul J. Silvia

    2003-01-01

    The American prison system is larger than ever and ranks among the largest in the world. Yet, prisons have received little research attention relative to other issues in forensic psychology. In an effort to study one facet of the prison system, a scale for measuring attitudes toward prison reform was developed. The 12-item scale has a single factor mea- suring

  2. Development of an Instrument To Measure Attitudes toward Old Age.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Beverly; Troyer, Rik

    A group of 261 college juniors, seniors, and graduate students anticipating careers in mental health professions were administered an instrument designed to measure attitudes toward old age (people 65 and older). The instrument consisted of 60 statements regarding old age, and used a six-point Likert-type scale. Items were categorized into 10…

  3. Measurement of the Construct of Attitude Toward Student Activism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Joel A.; And Others

    The study measures individual differences in attitude toward student activism on an 18-item Likert type scale. A validity comparison of a known extreme group with a sample from the general student population yielded a significant difference between the means of the groups. Construct validity was evaluated by first testing the differences between…

  4. Measuring Attitude Change Response to Films. Observational Report No. 7315.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Jack H.; Rosing, Allen

    This paper describes an experiment to measure attitudinal change in educable mentally retarded and normal children as a result of seeing a film entitled "The Hunter." The investigators, after previewing the film, outlined the attitudes and concepts contained in the film; question items were written to test these concepts. Essentially, the…

  5. Reliability and Validity of a Scale Measuring Attitudes toward Mainstreaming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chow, Peter; Winzer, Margret A.

    1992-01-01

    A 25-item Likert-type survey constructed to measure teachers' attitudes toward mainstreaming was analyzed using item response theory (IRT) and confirmatory factor analysis with responses of 917 Canadian teachers. A three-factor model fit the data well. Both factor scores and IRT scores can be used in discriminant analyses. (SLD)

  6. Measuring physician attitudes toward cost, uncertainty, malpractice, and utilization review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Dorr Goold; Timothy Hofer; Marc Zimmerman; Rodney A. Hayward

    1994-01-01

    Objective: To develop a reliable measure of physician attitudes postulated to influence resource utilization.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: Statements related to attitudes that may influence resource use were culled from the literature and informal discussions\\u000a with physicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Setting: Academic medical center.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants: All faculty and housestaff in internal medicine, pediatrics, family medicine, and surgery at an academic medical center\\u000a were surveyed. The response

  7. Optical Communication System with Range and Attitude Measurement Capability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovalik, J. M.; Farr, W. H.; Esproles, C.; Hemmati, H.

    2005-05-01

    A formation optical range and attitude sensor is being developed that uses a laser beam source and a modulated retro-reflector (MRR) target to measure distances between a few meters and a few kilometers with sub-millimeter resolution. Data extracted from multiple MRR targets on a single spacecraft will also provide arcminute-accuracy attitude information with over a +/-10-deg field of view. Information encoded on the MRR allows a communication channel to be added to the ranging signal. A laboratory prototype demonstrated a ranging resolution of 0.2 mm with an absolute accuracy of +/-2 mm over 2 m.

  8. The structure of cockpit management attitudes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregorich, S. E.; Helmreich, R. L.; Wilhelm, J. A.

    1990-01-01

    A revised version of the Cockpit Management Attitudes Questionnaire (CMAQ) is introduced. Factor analyses of responses from 3 different samples reveal comparable factor structure (previous attempts to factor analyze this measure had produced equivocal results). Implications for the measurement of attitudes and the assessment of attitude change are discussed. It is argued that the CMAQ will benefit both special training programs and efforts to explore attitude-performance linkages in air-transport operations.

  9. Measuring change in professionalism attitudes during the gross anatomy course.

    PubMed

    Pearson, William G; Hoagland, Todd M

    2010-01-01

    By design or default, anatomy educators are often responsible for introducing students to medical professionalism. Although much has been said about the role of anatomical education, there are no published reports suggesting how to measure change. This study investigated what professionalism attitudes, if any, change during a gross anatomy course. Additionally, the influence of four dichotomous variables related to student identity and preparation for medical school were analyzed for their effect on professionalism attitudes. A cross-sectional time-one (T1; beginning of the course), time-two (T2; end of the course) study using the Penn State College of Medicine Survey of Professionalism was conducted. A multivariate analysis of variance identified the main effects and interaction effects of categorical variables. A Mann Whitney U test verified significant differences. This study found a reprioritization of professionalism attitudes in favor of altruism (P = 0.04 with a Cohen's d = 0.26) at T2. Female students (P = 0.03, Cohen's d = 0.38) and students from a science background (P = 0.04, Cohen's d = 0.36) changed the most in favor of altruism. Interestingly, though several factors correlated with dissimilarities in professionalism values at T1, gender was the only factor to show a significant difference in professionalism attitudes at T2. This cohort of students reported a statistically significant increase in altruism and no significant decreases in other professionalism attitudes concurrent with the gross anatomy course. PMID:19847881

  10. Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James S. Roberts; James E. Laughlin; Douglas H. Wedell

    1999-01-01

    This article highlights the theoretical differences between the Likert and Thurstone approaches to attitude measurement and demonstrates how such differences can lead to discrepant attitude estimates for individuals with the most extreme opinions. Both simulated data and real data on attitude toward abortion are used to demonstrate this discrepancy. The results suggest that attitude researchers should, at the very least,

  11. Attitude angular measurement system based on MEMS accelerometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Lei

    2014-09-01

    For the purpose of monitoring the attitude of aircraft, an angular measurement system using a MEMS heat convection accelerometer is presented in this study. A double layers conditioning circuit that center around the single chip processor is designed and built. Professional display software with the RS232 standard is used to communicate between the sensor and the computer. Calibration experiments were carried out to characterize the measuring system with the range of - 90°to +90°. The curves keep good linearity with the practical angle. The maximum deviation occurs at the 90°where the value is 2.8°.The maximum error is 1.6% and the repeatability is measured to be 2.1%. Experiments proved that the developed measurement system is capable of measuring attitude angle.

  12. Reliability of a telephone questionnaire measuring diet and activity level in cats

    E-print Network

    Harbison, Jacque L

    2001-01-01

    A telephone questionnaire was developed to collect information on diet and activity level as part of a study examining long-term outcome of early age versus traditional age gonadectomy in cats. The objectives of this study were to measure...

  13. Reliability of a telephone questionnaire measuring diet and activity level in cats 

    E-print Network

    Harbison, Jacque L

    2001-01-01

    A telephone questionnaire was developed to collect information on diet and activity level as part of a study examining long-term outcome of early age versus traditional age gonadectomy in cats. The objectives of this study were to measure...

  14. Measuring Language Attitudes: The Speech Evaluation Instrument

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher J. Zahn; Robert Hopper

    1985-01-01

    This paper describes investigations in the measurement of listeners' evaluations of spoken language. Lack of integration in research in this area has been due in part to the numerous measurement instruments used to assess such evaluative reactions. The paper reviews the development of past instruments, describes the design, analysis, and implementation of an omnibus measure, the Speech Evaluation Instrument (SEI),

  15. Shipboard Geomagnetic Vector Measurement Utilizing GPS Attitude Sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yamazaki, Toshitsugu

    Performance of a new shipboard three-component magnetometer system utilizing a GPS (Global Positioning System) attitude sensor was compared with that of a conventional system using a gyrocompass for ship's heading and a pitch/roll sensor constituted by accelerometer and fibre-optics gyro. Response of the GPS attitude sensor is quick enough for shipboard magnetic measurement. During "figure-8 turns" for measuring ship's magnetization, difference in heading between the two systems varied about 1° systematically with heading. Differences in pitch and roll changed at about 1° depending on the turning directions. This is most likely caused by error in the gyros due to acceleration during the turns. Previously it was known that significant bias often occurred in each component of magnetic vector anomalies after the correction of ship's magnetization. The significant error in attitude determination during "figure-8 turns" as well as viscous remnant magnetization are responsible for the bias. Significant error of about 0.5° at maximum remains in gyrocompass for 30 to 60 minutes after a turn, and this causes strange fluctuation in Y (east) component of magnetic vector anomalies at the beginning of each survey line. GPS attitude sensor can overcome these problems, and increase the accuracy of shipboard magnetic vector measurement.

  16. Developing a questionnaire for measuring safety climate in the workplace in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Milijic, Nenad; Mihajlovic, Ivan; Strbac, Nada; Zivkovic, Zivan

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted because a real method for measuring safety climate had never been developed and assessed in Serbian industry. The aim of this paper was to start the process of developing a safety climate questionnaire that could be used in Serbia. As a starting point a 21-item questionnaire was adopted after an extensive literature review. The questionnaire was distributed at several Serbian factories; 1098 workers responded. After a statistical analysis of the data obtained with the questionnaire and a critical comparison with the available reference results, a final questionnaire with 21 questions, divided into 7 groups, was developed. The 7 groups of questions (factors) were safety awareness and competence, safety communication, organizational environment, management support, risk judgment and management reaction, safety precautions and accident prevention, and safety training. PMID:24321642

  17. Feasibility of using GPS measurements for OMV attitude update

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Upadhyay, Triveni N.; Rhodehamel, Harley; Deaton, A. Wayne

    1988-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a feasibility study to determine whether the measurements from GPS satellites can be used to estimate the OMV attitude to an accuracy comparable to the onboard sun sensors, i.e., better than 0.5 degree in each axis. The results documented in this paper demonstrate that OMV attitude can be estimated to an accuracy of 0.1 - 0.5 degree in each axis by processing GPS measurements in an onboard integrated, 17-state GPS/inertial navigation filter. The result is particularly significant for missions of short duration burns where accurate attitude information is needed to minimize guidance and control errors. It is shown that the GPS attitude technique described in this paper can be easily implemented in the current OMV navigation system design. Results reported in this paper are expected to support the goal of developing a fault-tolerant guidance, navigation, and control system offering an improved total navigation performance for the OMV.

  18. Spacecraft Relative Attitude Formation Tracking on SO(3) Based on Line-of-Sight Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Tse-Huai

    This thesis investigates the use of line-of-sight (LOS) measurements for the control of relative attitude formation among multiple spacecraft. It is based on the fact that two pointing directions, referring to LOS measurements, from the spacecraft to distinct objects can determine the absolute attitude of spacecraft. With the same approach, LOS measurements from cost-effective vision-based sensors can be applied to obtain the relative attitude among spacecraft. In the proposed approach, high accuracy of attitude control and simpler control scheme can be constructed by designing the control law in terms of LOS measurements. In addition, the relative attitude controller provides almost global exponential stability on the nonlinear configuration manifold of relative attitude. The described properties are illustrated by numerical examples. In conventional approaches, the absolute attitude is measured locally by using an inertial measurement unit, and they are compared to determine relative attitude, thereby causing the accumulation of measurement errors and complex controller structures.

  19. Developing the changes in attitude about the relevance of science (CARS) questionnaire and assessing two high school science classes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcelle A. Siegel; Michael A. Ranney

    2003-01-01

    This study has two purposes: (a) methodological—to design and test a new instrument able to reflect changes in attitudes toward science over time, and (b) investigative—to find out the effect of two similar curricular treatments on the attitudes of two classes. Items about the relevance of science to students' lives were developed, pilot-tested, and analyzed using Rasch modeling. We then

  20. Environmental Attitude and Ecological Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser, Florian G.; And Others

    This paper establishes environmental attitude, a construct in environmental psychology, as a powerful predictor of ecological behavior. Based on Ajzen's theory of planned behavior, this study uses a unified concept of attitude and a probabilistic measurement approach. Questionnaire data from members of two ideologically different Swiss…

  1. Measurement of the Type a Behavior Pattern by Self-Report Questionnaires: Several Perspectives on Validity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David J. Lee; Daniel W. King; Lynda A. King

    1987-01-01

    The overall aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the Type A behavior pattern as measured by paper-and-pencil questionnaires. Booklets containing the Jenkins Activity Survey, Framingham Type A Scale, Thurstone Activity Scale, a newly constructed bipolar adjective Type A measure, and measures of the needs for achievement and nurturance were completed by 418 students. Convergent and discriminant

  2. Measurement of the Type A Behavior Pattern by Self-Report Questionnaires: Several Perspectives on Validity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, David J.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    This study evaluated the validity of the Type A behavior pattern as measured by paper-and-pencil questionnaires. The Jenkins Activity Survey, Framingham Type A Scale, Thurstone Activity Scales, a new bipolar adjective Type A measure, and measures of achievement and nurturance needs were completed by 418 students. (Author/BS)

  3. Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire: Validation of a New Measure of Parental Feeding Practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dara Musher-Eizenman; Shayla Holub

    2007-01-01

    Objective Measures of parents' feeding practices have focused primarily on parental control of feeding and have not sufficiently measured other potentially important practices. The current study validates a new measure of feeding practices, the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ). Method The first study validated a 9-factor feeding practice scale for mothers and fathers. In the second study, open-ended questions solicited

  4. Measuring therapeutic attitude among drug workers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian P. Albery; Joan Heuston; Jane Ward; Paramabandhu Groves; Mary Alison Durand; Michael Gossop; John Strang

    2003-01-01

    A reluctance of nonspecialists to work with drug and alcohol misusers have focused upon belief-based systems, including therapeutic commitment (TC) and situation-specific constraints. This paper describes the development and assessment of a theoretical model for nonspecialist drug workers, characterised as a synthesis of attitudinal and constraints explanations. A cohort of 189 nonspecialist drug workers completed self-report measures of overall TC

  5. The positive automatic thoughts questionnaire (ATQ-P) and the automatic thoughts questionnaire—Revised (ATQ-RP): Equivalent measures of positive thinking?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Burgess; David A. F. Haaga

    1994-01-01

    We examined two recently developed measures of positive automatic thought, the Positive Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ-P)\\u000a and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire—Revised (ATQ-RP). Internal consistency, concurrent validity, and convergent and discriminant\\u000a validity were addressed. Two hundred one undergraduates completed self-report measures of positive automatic thoughts, negative\\u000a automatic thoughts, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and positive affectivity. The ATQ-P and ATQ-RP both showed

  6. Flight and attitude dynamics measurements of an instrumented Frisbee

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lorenz, Ralph D.

    2005-03-01

    In-flight measurements are made of the translational accelerations and attitude motion of a hand-thrown flying disc using miniaturized accelerometers and other sensors and a microcontroller data acquisition system. The experiments explore the capabilities and limitations of sensors on a rapidly rotating platform moving in air, and illustrate several of the complex gyrodynamic aspects of Frisbee flight. The data give insight into the biomechanics of Frisbee launch, and indicate lift, drag and pitch moment coefficients consistent with previous wind-tunnel measurements. The experiments constitute an instructive exercise in aerospace vehicle systems integration and in attitude reconstruction, and open the way to guided disc wings using control surfaces actuated during specific spin phases determined by onboard sensors.

  7. Irenometer: a scale for the measurement of attitudes toward peace

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Panos D. Bardis

    1984-01-01

    The Likert scaling technique was employed to construct an Irenometer, i.e., a scale for the measurement of attitudes toward peace. The validity and reliability of this instrument which gives scores ranging between 0 and 40 were tested in several ways and found to be quite satisfactory. S Afr. J. Sociol. 1984, 15(1): 122–123Die Likert-skaalvormingstegniek is gebruik om 'n Irenometer, dit

  8. The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure Attitudes Toward Women's Genitals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Debra L. Herbenick

    2009-01-01

    Sexual behaviors may be related to or influenced by a range of factors including individuals' attitudes toward women's genitals. To date, however, no reliable and valid measure exists with which researchers or clinicians can assess individuals' attitudes toward women's genitals. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid scale to measure attitudes toward women's genitals and

  9. Measuring safety culture in Dutch primary care: psychometric characteristics of the SCOPE-PC questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Patient safety has been a priority in primary healthcare in the last years. The prevailing culture is seen as an important condition for patient safety in practice and several tools to measure patient safety culture have therefore been developed. Although Dutch primary care consists of different professions, such as general practice, dental care, dietetics, physiotherapy and midwifery, a safety culture questionnaire was only available for general practices. The purpose of this study was to modify and validate this existing questionnaire to a generic questionnaire for all professions in Dutch primary care. Methods A validated Dutch questionnaire for general practices was modified to make it usable for all Dutch primary care professions. Subsequently, this questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 2400 practices from eleven primary care professions. The instrument’s factor structure, reliability and validity were examined using confirmatory and explorative factor analyses. Results 921 questionnaires were returned. Of these, 615 were eligible for factor analysis. The resulting SCOPE-PC questionnaire consisted of seven dimensions: ‘open communication and learning from errors’, ‘handover and teamwork’, ‘adequate procedures and working conditions’, ‘patient safety management’, ‘support and fellowship’, ‘intention to report events’ and ‘organisational learning’ with a total of 41 items. All dimensions had good reliability with Cronbach’s alphas ranging from 0.70 – 0.90, and the questionnaire had a good construct validity. Conclusions The SCOPE-PC questionnaire has sound psychometric characteristics for use by the different professions in Dutch primary care to gain insight in their safety culture. PMID:24044750

  10. Comprehensive comparison of self-administered questionnaires for measuring quantitative autistic traits in adults.

    PubMed

    Nishiyama, Takeshi; Suzuki, Masako; Adachi, Katsunori; Sumi, Satoshi; Okada, Kensuke; Kishino, Hirohisa; Sakai, Saeko; Kamio, Yoko; Kojima, Masayo; Suzuki, Sadao; Kanne, Stephen M

    2014-05-01

    We comprehensively compared all available questionnaires for measuring quantitative autistic traits (QATs) in terms of reliability and construct validity in 3,147 non-clinical and 60 clinical subjects with normal intelligence. We examined four full-length forms, the Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire (SATQ), the Broader Autism Phenotype Questionnaire, the Social Responsiveness Scale2-Adult Self report (SRS2-AS), and the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ). The SRS2-AS and the AQ each had several short forms that we also examined, bringing the total to 11 forms. Though all QAT questionnaires showed acceptable levels of test-retest reliability, the AQ and SRS2-AS, including their short forms, exhibited poor internal consistency and discriminant validity, respectively. The SATQ excelled in terms of classical test theory and due to its short length. PMID:24342972

  11. Measuring parents' experiences and satisfaction with care during very preterm birth: a questionnaire development study

    PubMed Central

    Sawyer, A; Rabe, H; Abbott, J; Gyte, G; Duley, L; Ayers, S

    2014-01-01

    Objective To develop a questionnaire to assess parents' experiences and satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. Design Questionnaire development. Setting Parents whose babies had been cared for at five tertiary neonatal units in England. Population A total of 145 women who gave birth before 32 weeks of gestation, and 85 of their partners. Methods A 30-item questionnaire was developed on the basis of qualitative interviews with parents of very preterm babies, a literature review and discussion with relevant experts. The questionnaire was posted to a second group of parents, and its reliability and validity were explored. Main outcome measures The Preterm Birth Experience and Satisfaction Scale (P-BESS) was correlated with two global questions measuring satisfaction with care during the birth. Internal consistency was measured using Cronbach's ?. Results Parents of 458 babies were invited to take part and 147 (32%) responded. Two women and 22 partners were excluded or ineligible, leaving 145 women and 85 partners. Factor analysis produced three clear dimensions: Staff professionalism and empathy, Information and explanations, and Confidence in staff. The total scale and three subscales showed high reliability. Strong positive correlations were found between the questionnaire scales and the two global questions, indicating convergent validity. For women whose partners were present at the birth, a fourth factor was identified ‘Partner Involvement’. Conclusions The P-BESS appears to be a valid measure of satisfaction with care during very preterm birth. PMID:24953082

  12. Participation in and attitude towards the national immunization program in the Netherlands: data from population-based questionnaires

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Mollema; N. Wijers; S. J. Hahné; F. R. Klis; H. C. Boshuizen; Melker de H. E

    2012-01-01

    Background Knowledge about the determinants of participation and attitude towards the National Immunisation Program (NIP) may be helpful in tailoring information campaigns for this program. Our aim was to determine which factors were associated with nonparticipation in the NIP and which ones were associated with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. Further, we analyzed possible changes in opinion on vaccination

  13. The Affective Elements of Science Learning: A Questionnaire to Assess--and Improve--Student Attitudes toward Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Kiesha; Kurtek, Katrina; Sampson, Victor

    2011-01-01

    Student attitudes can have a positive or negative effect on learning. According to Duschl, Schweingruber, and Shouse, "[students'] goals for science learning, their beliefs about their ability to do science, and the value they assign to science learning are likely to influence their cognitive engagement in science tasks" (2007, p. 195). Therefore,…

  14. Assessment of the measurement properties of quality of life questionnaires in Brazilian women with breast cancer

    PubMed Central

    Oliveira, Indiara S.; Costa, Lucíola C. M.; Manzoni, Ana C. T.; Cabral, Cristina M. N.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are several questionnaires available to assess quality of life in breast cancer, however the choice of the best questionnaire often does not take into account the adequacy of these questionnaires' measurement properties. OBJECTIVE: To test the measurement properties of two generic quality of life questionnaires and one quality of life questionnaire specific for women with breast cancer. METHOD: We assessed 106 women after surgery for breast cancer. The assessment included application of the SF-36, WHOQOL-bref, and FACT-B+4 questionnaires as well as the Global Perceived Effect and Pain Numerical Rating scales. The participants were interviewed on three occasions to investigate internal consistency, floor and ceiling effects, construct validity, reproducibility, and responsiveness. RESULTS: Most of the instruments' domains showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha varying from 0.66 to 0.91). Reliability varied from poor to substantial (ICC2,1 between 0.39 and 0.87) and agreement varied from negative to very good. The SF-36 presented doubtful agreement and showed floor and ceiling effects in three domains. The domains of the generic questionnaires presented moderate to good correlation with the FACT-B+4 (Pearson varying from 0.31 to 0.69). The internal responsiveness varied from small to large (ES varying from -0.26 to 0.98) and external responsiveness was found in only some of the instruments' domains. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the measurement properties tested for the WHOQOL-bref and FACT-B+4 were adequate as was their ability to assess quality of life in women with breast cancer. The SF-36 showed inadequacy in agreement and floor and ceiling effects and should not be used in women with breast cancer. PMID:25075998

  15. Evaluation of attitude measurement using a color marker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamimura, Heihachiro; Nishida, Shin'ichiro

    2006-03-01

    Color marker employed in conjunction with space robots for on-orbit assembly has been developed. The marker consists of three printed discs with different colors. When used for on-orbit assembly, markers will be attached at the proximity of the connection mechanisms of assembly segment for large space structures. The distance and attitude of the segments can be measured by the positional relationship between the color discs of the marker. From the evaluation test, it has been verified that the performance of the measuring system with the color markers can meet the requirement of the space robot arms.

  16. Measuring Metacognition in Cancer: Validation of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 (MCQ-30)

    PubMed Central

    Cook, Sharon A.; Salmon, Peter; Dunn, Graham; Fisher, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Objective The Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 assesses metacognitive beliefs and processes which are central to the metacognitive model of emotional disorder. As recent studies have begun to explore the utility of this model for understanding emotional distress after cancer diagnosis, it is important also to assess the validity of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 for use in cancer populations. Methods 229 patients with primary breast or prostate cancer completed the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale pre-treatment and again 12 months later. The structure and validity of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 were assessed using factor analyses and structural equation modelling. Results Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses provided evidence supporting the validity of the previously published 5-factor structure of the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30. Specifically, both pre-treatment and 12 months later, this solution provided the best fit to the data and all items loaded on their expected factors. Structural equation modelling indicated that two dimensions of metacognition (positive and negative beliefs about worry) were significantly associated with anxiety and depression as predicted, providing further evidence of validity. Conclusions These findings provide initial evidence that the Metacognitions Questionnaire 30 is a valid measure for use in cancer populations. PMID:25215527

  17. Assessment of Questionnaires Measuring Quality of Life in Infertile Couples: A Systematic Review

    PubMed Central

    Mousavi, Seyyed Abbas; Masoumi, Seyyedeh Zahra; Keramat, Afsaneh; Pooralajal, Jalal; Shobeiri, Fatemeh

    2013-01-01

    Background Infertility has potentially inappropriate effects on quality of life in infertile couples. Various general and specific questionnaires have been structured for assessing different aspects of quality of life in infertile men, women, or couples. The present systematic review was designed to assess these questionnaires and also identify different factors affecting infertile couples based on the aforesaid questionnaires. Methods The research strategy involved general and specific terms in relation to couples's infertility and their quality of life. A review was done for studies published from 1982 to 2012 that were indexed in Medline, ISI Web of Science and Scopus as well as abstract books on this subject. We also corresponded with the authors of the references in related studies for introducing more resources and references. Results In all reviewed studies, different aspects of the quality of life in couples were evaluated including sexual, psychological, social, communicational, environmental, occupational, medical, as well as economical ones. In total, after initial screening of all studies, 10 general and 2 specific questionnaires were retrieved. Although no meta-analysis was found in the review, infertility had a negative effect on quality of life in couples. Conclusion This study revealed that some general questionnaires such as SF-36 and WHO-QOL were mostly used for assessing quality of life in infertile couples and some specific questionnaires such as FERTI-QoL and Fertility Problem Inventory were rarely used. Thus, it seems that the evaluation of quality of life in infertile couples needs valid instruments for measurement. PMID:24163794

  18. Attitude measurement: Judging the emotional intensity of likert-type science attitude statements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert L. Shrigley; Thomas R. Koballa Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Emotional intensity, that readiness of a teacher to respond favorably or unfavorably toward such psychological objects as science or the teaching of science, is the quality that distinguishes the attitude concept from other related psychological concepts. It would seem, then, that valid attitude statements, if they are to reflect the definition of attitude, would evoke emotional intensity, responses in both

  19. Student and Instructor Beliefs and Attitudes about Target Language Use, First Language Use, and Anxiety: Report of a Questionnaire Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Glenn S.

    2003-01-01

    Presents the results of an anonymous, Internet-based questionnaire study on target language and first language use in university-level foreign language classes. Goals were to develop preliminary components of a descriptive model of target language and first language use and explore the relationships between target language and student anxiety…

  20. Measuring Practitioner Attitudes toward Evidence-Based Treatments: A Validation Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashcraft, Rindee G. P.; Foster, Sharon L.; Lowery, Amy E.; Henggeler, Scott W.; Chapman, Jason E.; Rowland, Melisa D.

    2011-01-01

    A better understanding of clinicians' attitudes toward evidence-based treatments (EBT) will presumably enhance the transfer of EBTs for substance-abusing adolescents from research to clinical application. The reliability and validity of two measures of therapist attitudes toward EBT were examined: the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale…

  1. Measuring Practitioner Attitudes Toward Evidence-Based Treatments: A Validation Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rindee G. P. Ashcraft; Sharon L. Foster; Amy E. Lowery; Scott W. Henggeler; Jason E. Chapman; Melisa D. Rowland

    2011-01-01

    A better understanding of clinicians’ attitudes toward evidence-based treatments (EBT) will presumably enhance the transfer of EBTs for substance-abusing adolescents from research to clinical application. The reliability and validity of two measures of therapist attitudes toward EBT were examined: the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale (Aarons, 2004), and Attitudes Toward Psychotherapy Treatment Manuals Scale (Addis & Krasnow, 2000). Participants included 543

  2. Geomagnetic field modeling from satellite attitude control magnetometer measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jeong Woo; Hwang, Jong Sun; von Frese, Ralph R. B.; Kim, Hyung Rae; Lee, Seon-Ho

    2007-05-01

    To demonstrate the utility of satellite attitude control magnetometer measurements for mapping main field variations, we analyzed the three-axis magnetometer (TAM) measurements that provide attitude control for the KOMPSAT-1 satellite. Initial processing involved transforming the TAM's magnetic measurements from the Earth-Centered Inertial coordinates (ECI) to the Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed coordinates (ECEF) and then to spherical coordinates. The magnetic field of the satellite body produces symmetric signatures in the ascending and descending orbital measurements and thus can be readily removed. Spectral correlation filtering of the orbital observations helped to eliminate the dynamic external field and solar activity noise components. The ascending and descending data were then spectrally reconstructed to estimate the total magnetic field with minimum track line noise. Correlation coefficients of 0.97 and 0.96 mark the correlation of the KOMPSAT-1 total geomagnetic intensity map with the Ørsted and IGRF2000 core magnetic field models, respectively. Power spectra from Gauss coefficients of KOMPSAT-1 model showed closeness with the models from Ørsted data and IGRF2000 model. The spherical harmonic coefficients calculated from the KOMPSAT-1 model by conjugate gradient inversion are strongly coherent with the Ørsted and IGRF2000 coefficients through degree 9.

  3. D2-3: Development of a Provider-level Patient Centered Medical Home Questionnaire for Measuring Implementation and Impact

    PubMed Central

    Graham, Jove; Mercer, Dione; Tusing, Lorraine; Stewart, Walter

    2014-01-01

    Background/Aims The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is widely supported as a means to coordinate care in the primary care environment, but relatively little is known about how variation in implementation of a PCMH model influences the success and sustainability. Many survey instruments developed to date for assessing PCMH are aimed at the healthcare system design as a whole or at patient experience, but not at providers who may have varying attitudes and perspectives on the role of PCMH and unique insights into practical implementation issues. Our goal was to develop questionnaires aimed at primary care physicians (PCPs) and nurse case managers (CMs) to assess variation in perception and implementation of PCMH. Methods This study was performed within Geisinger Health System, an integrated health system with a PCMH program first introduced in 2006. We reviewed care management, medical home, chronic illness and chronic care model literature, and existing tools such as Patients Assessment of Chronic Illness Care (PACIC). Based on 60-minute interviews with system leadership about program design, we developed pilot questions and completed 90-minute interviews with 3 highly-experienced nurse CMs to map global concepts of services and systems to individual staff member functions. Two structured questionnaires were developed for CMs and PCPs focusing on team interactions, linkages to outside resources, and tasks/responsibilities. Providers were asked to rate difficulty of various functions as well as their perceived impact on patient care. Results We administered questionnaires during 60-minute semi-structured interviews with 47 clinical staff covering 23 medical home clinics. Case managers and physicians showed strong agreement on who bears responsibility for ensuring patient access (PCP), monitoring and linkages (CM) and education (Shared), but there was wide variation among clinics in perceived difficulty and impact of various tasks, particularly connecting patients with community resources and interacting with external nursing home facilities in different areas. Results of other questionnaire areas will be presented. Conclusions Design characteristics, process measures and patient-level outcomes are all important in assessing benefits of a PCMH program, and this work contributes additional tools for measuring provider perspectives and variation in implementation across different PCMH sites.

  4. Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fresco, David M.; Moore, Michael T.; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M.; Segal, Zindel V.; Ma, S. Helen; Teasdale, John D.; Williams, J. Mark G.

    2007-01-01

    Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated…

  5. Development and Validation of a Principal Implementation Practices Measure: The Principal Implementation Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nettles, Stephen M.; Petscher, Yaacov

    2007-01-01

    Measurement of principal implementation behaviors has proved difficult to researchers in educational leadership due to a lack of consensus on the operational definitions of leadership constructs. The Principal Implementation Questionnaire (PIQ) was developed and validated with the intention of providing clarity in the assessment of principal…

  6. Measuring Adjustment to College: Construct Validity of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldt, Ronald C.; Graham, Melody; Dew, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    This study employed confirmatory factor analysis to examine the quality of fit of two measurement models of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (N = 305). Following the observation of poor fit, exploratory factor analysis was used. Results indicated six factors that account for the variance in Student Adaptation to College…

  7. Readiness and Expectations Questionnaire: A Cross-Cultural Measurement Instrument for First-Year University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jansen, Ellen; Andre, Stefanie; Suhre, Cor

    2013-01-01

    The readiness and expectations questionnaire (REQ) assesses first-year students' expectations and preparedness for their first year in university. This measurement instrument is useful for educational policy and curriculum development; it can also be used to predict the outcomes of the first year of college. This instrument was initially developed…

  8. Measurement Characteristics of the Women’s Health Initiative Food Frequency Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth E. Patterson; Alan R. Kristal; Lesley Fels Tinker; Rachel A. Carter; Mary Pat Bolton; Tanya Agurs-Collins

    1999-01-01

    PURPOSE: The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) is the largest research program ever initiated in the United States with a focus on diet and health. Therefore, it is important to understand and document the measurement characteristics of the key dietary assessment instrument: the WHI food frequency questionnaire (FFQ).METHODS: Data are from 113 women screened for participation in the WHI in 1995.

  9. Validation of a physical activity questionnaire to measure the effect of mechanical strain on bone mass

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. C. G Kemper; I Bakker; J. W. R Twisk; W van Mechelen

    2002-01-01

    Most of the questionnaires available to estimate the daily physical activity levels of humans are based on measuring the intensity of these activities as multiples of resting metabolic rate (METs). Metabolic intensity of physical activities is the most important component for evaluating effects on cardiopulmonary fitness. However, animal studies have indicated that for effects on bone mass the intensity in

  10. Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire as Dimensional Measure of Child Mental Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Anna; Goodman, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Two large surveys of children and adolescents in the general British population is used to evaluate the dimensionality of the total difficulties score of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The findings support the use of SDQ as a measure of child mental health.

  11. The Parent School Communications Questionnaire: A Measure of School Boundary Permeability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiener, William K.; Blumberg, Arthur

    The Parent-School Communications Questionnaire (PSCQ) is based on Katz and Kahn's (1967) notion of a directly proportional relationship between the permeability of the boundaries and the openness of a social system. The instrument is constructed to measure parental perceptions of five factors that seem heuristically to compose the…

  12. The Measurement of Work Engagement with a Short Questionnaire: A Cross-National Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaufeli, Wilmar B.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Salanova, Marisa

    2006-01-01

    This article reports on the development of a short questionnaire to measure work engagement--a positive work-related state of fulfillment that is characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Data were collected in 10 different countries (N = 14,521), and results indicated that the original 17-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) can be…

  13. Measuring Change Facilitator Stages of Concern. A Manual for Use of the CFSoC Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Gene E.; And Others

    This manual provides directions for administering, scoring, and interpreting the 44-item Change Facilitator Stages of Concern Questionnaire (CFSoCQ), which measures types of concerns that persons have in relation to their change facilitator role. Section 1 provides background information about earlier research (describing concerns, initial…

  14. Attitude determination from single-antenna carrier-phase measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahder, Thomas B.

    2002-04-01

    A model of carrier phase measurement (as carried out by a satellite navigation receiver) is formulated based on electromagnetic theory. The model shows that the phase of the open-circuit voltage induced in the receiver antenna with respect to a local oscillator (in the receiver) depends on the relative orientation of the receiving and transmitting antennas. The model shows that using a single receiving antenna, and making carrier phase measurements to seven satellites, the three-axis attitude of a user platform (in addition to its position and time) can be computed relative to an initial point. This measurement model can also be used to create high-fidelity satellite signal simulators that take into account the effect of platform rotation as well as translation.

  15. Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide and Life-Prolonging Measures in Swiss ALS Patients and Their Caregivers

    PubMed Central

    Stutzki, Ralf; Schneider, Ursula; Reiter-Theil, Stella; Weber, Markus

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: In Switzerland, assisted suicide (AS) is legal, provided that the person seeking assistance has decisional capacity and the person assisting is not motivated by reasons of self-interest. However, in this particular setting nothing is known about patients’ and their caregivers’ attitudes toward AS and life-prolonging measures. Methods: Data was retrieved through validated questionnaires and personal interviews in 33 patients and their caregivers covering the following domains: physical function according to the revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R), demographic data, quality of life, anxiety, depression, social situation, spirituality, burden of disease, life-prolonging, and life-shortening acts. Results: In patients the median time after diagnosis was 9?months (2–90) and the median Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) FRS-R score was 37 (22–48). The majority of patients (94%; n?=?31) had no desire to hasten death. Patients’ and caregivers’ attitudes toward Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) and Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) differed. Significantly more patients than caregivers (21.2 versus 3.1%) stated that they were against NIV (p?=?0.049) and against PEG (27.3 versus 3.1%; p?=?0.031). Answers regarding tracheotomy were not significantly different (p?=?0.139). Caregivers scored significantly higher levels of “suffering” (p?=?0.007), “loneliness” (p?=?0.006), and “emotional distress” answering the questionnaires (p?

  16. Developing a Scale to Measure Students' Attitudes toward Chemistry Lessons

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Cheung

    2009-01-01

    Students’ attitudes toward chemistry lessons in school are important dependent variables in curriculum evaluation. Although a variety of instruments have been developed by researchers to evaluate student attitudes, they are plagued with problems such as the lack of theoretical rationale and of empirical evidence to support the construct validity of data. This paper describes a study of students’ attitudes toward

  17. Measuring Student Attitudes: Semantic Differential or Likert Instruments?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schibeci, R. A.

    1982-01-01

    Following descriptions of a semantic differential (SD) and test of science-related attitudes (TOSRA)--a Likert-type scale--reports results of using the instruments with secondary school students in various Australian schools (N=1,049 for TOSRA and 1,116 for SD). Suggests SD for general attitude and Likert-type scales of specific attitude

  18. Measuring psychological stress and strain at work - Evaluation of the COPSOQ Questionnaire in Germany.

    PubMed

    Nübling, Matthias; Stößel, Ulrich; Hasselhorn, Hans-Martin; Michaelis, Martina; Hofmann, Friedrich

    2006-01-01

    The undisputed increase of the relevance of mental work load is confronted with a lack of qualified or at least well documented measuring instruments covering all important aspects.The COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire), a comprehensive instrument for the assessment of psychosocial factors at work, was tested in a partly modified version in a large German sample (N = 2561 employees). The aims of the study were the detailed investigation of the psychometric measurement properties, and based on these results, the development of an abbreviated version of the instrument.The analysis of objectivity, acceptance, practicability, sensitivity and content validity of the questionnaire as a whole did not show any problematic results - with some limitations regarding the length of the questionnaire.The assessment of the reliability, generalisability, construct validity, criterion validity and diagnostic power of the single scales showed medium to good measuring qualities for the majority of the scales (i.e. Cronbach's alpha mostly >0.7). In addition, the psychometric properties were very similar to those in the Danish COPSOQ-study.Considering all aspects of the measurement quality, a shortened version of the instrument was created. It attempts to combine measuring qualities as high as possible with a number of questions as low as possible.The German COPSOQ questionnaire is a free screening-instrument for the recording of psychosocial work load and strain for all enterprises and organisations interested. The next step is the construction of a "job exposure matrix" for psychosocial factors at work, that means a central database with work load profiles and reference values for as many occupational groups as possible. PMID:19742072

  19. Measuring psychological stress and strain at work - Evaluation of the COPSOQ Questionnaire in Germany

    PubMed Central

    Nübling, Matthias; Stößel, Ulrich; Hasselhorn, Hans-Martin; Michaelis, Martina; Hofmann, Friedrich

    2006-01-01

    The undisputed increase of the relevance of mental work load is confronted with a lack of qualified or at least well documented measuring instruments covering all important aspects. The COPSOQ (Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire), a comprehensive instrument for the assessment of psychosocial factors at work, was tested in a partly modified version in a large German sample (N = 2561 employees). The aims of the study were the detailed investigation of the psychometric measurement properties, and based on these results, the development of an abbreviated version of the instrument. The analysis of objectivity, acceptance, practicability, sensitivity and content validity of the questionnaire as a whole did not show any problematic results – with some limitations regarding the length of the questionnaire. The assessment of the reliability, generalisability, construct validity, criterion validity and diagnostic power of the single scales showed medium to good measuring qualities for the majority of the scales (i.e. Cronbach’s alpha mostly >0.7). In addition, the psychometric properties were very similar to those in the Danish COPSOQ-study. Considering all aspects of the measurement quality, a shortened version of the instrument was created. It attempts to combine measuring qualities as high as possible with a number of questions as low as possible. The German COPSOQ questionnaire is a free screening-instrument for the recording of psychosocial work load and strain for all enterprises and organisations interested. The next step is the construction of a "job exposure matrix" for psychosocial factors at work, that means a central database with work load profiles and reference values for as many occupational groups as possible. PMID:19742072

  20. Relations among questionnaire and experience sampling measures of inner speech: a smartphone app study.

    PubMed

    Alderson-Day, Ben; Fernyhough, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Inner speech is often reported to be a common and central part of inner experience, but its true prevalence is unclear. Many questionnaire-based measures appear to lack convergent validity and it has been claimed that they overestimate inner speech in comparison to experience sampling methods (which involve collecting data at random timepoints). The present study compared self-reporting of inner speech collected via a general questionnaire and experience sampling, using data from a custom-made smartphone app (Inner Life). Fifty-one university students completed a generalized self-report measure of inner speech (the Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire, VISQ) and responded to at least seven random alerts to report on incidences of inner speech over a 2-week period. Correlations and pairwise comparisons were used to compare generalized endorsements and randomly sampled scores for each VISQ subscale. Significant correlations were observed between general and randomly sampled measures for only two of the four VISQ subscales, and endorsements of inner speech with evaluative or motivational characteristics did not correlate at all across different measures. Endorsement of inner speech items was significantly lower for random sampling compared to generalized self-report, for all VISQ subscales. Exploratory analysis indicated that specific inner speech characteristics were also related to anxiety and future-oriented thinking. PMID:25964773

  1. Relations among questionnaire and experience sampling measures of inner speech: a smartphone app study

    PubMed Central

    Alderson-Day, Ben; Fernyhough, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Inner speech is often reported to be a common and central part of inner experience, but its true prevalence is unclear. Many questionnaire-based measures appear to lack convergent validity and it has been claimed that they overestimate inner speech in comparison to experience sampling methods (which involve collecting data at random timepoints). The present study compared self-reporting of inner speech collected via a general questionnaire and experience sampling, using data from a custom-made smartphone app (Inner Life). Fifty-one university students completed a generalized self-report measure of inner speech (the Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire, VISQ) and responded to at least seven random alerts to report on incidences of inner speech over a 2-week period. Correlations and pairwise comparisons were used to compare generalized endorsements and randomly sampled scores for each VISQ subscale. Significant correlations were observed between general and randomly sampled measures for only two of the four VISQ subscales, and endorsements of inner speech with evaluative or motivational characteristics did not correlate at all across different measures. Endorsement of inner speech items was significantly lower for random sampling compared to generalized self-report, for all VISQ subscales. Exploratory analysis indicated that specific inner speech characteristics were also related to anxiety and future-oriented thinking. PMID:25964773

  2. Construction and updating of a public events questionnaire for repeated measures longitudinal studies

    PubMed Central

    Noone, Martha; Semkovska, Maria; Carton, Mary; Dunne, Ross; Horgan, John-Paul; O'Kane, Breige; McLoughlin, Declan M.

    2014-01-01

    Impairments of retrospective memory and cases of retrograde amnesia are often seen in clinical settings. A measure of the proportion of memories retained over a specified time can be useful in clinical situations and public events questionnaires may be valuable in this respect. However, consistency of retention of public events memory has rarely been studied in the same participants. In addition, when used in a research context, public events questionnaires require updating to ensure questions are of equivalent age with respect to when the test is taken. This paper describes an approach to constructing and updating a Public Events Questionnaire (PEQ) for use with a sample that is recruited and followed-up over a long time-period. Internal consistency, parallel-form reliability, test-retest reliability, and secondary validity analyses were examined for three versions of the PEQ that were updated every 6 months. Versions 2 and 3 of the questionnaire were reliable across and within versions and for recall and recognition. Change over time was comparable across each version of the PEQ. These results show that PEQs can be regularly updated in a standardized fashion to allow use throughout studies with long recruitment periods. PMID:24678306

  3. The panel management questionnaire: a tool to measure panel management capability.

    PubMed

    Rogers, Elizabeth Ann; Hessler, Danielle; Dube, Kate; Willard-Grace, Rachel; Gupta, Reena; Bodenheimer, Thomas; Grumbach, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    Primary care practices are turning toward team-based strategies such as panel management, in which nonclinicians address routine preventive and chronic disease care tasks for a group of patients. No known validated instruments have been published for measuring panel management implementation. The authors developed the 12-item Panel Management Questionnaire (PMQ) measuring 4 domains. Data were assembled from self-administered cross-sectional surveys of 136 staff and 204 clinicians in 9 county and 5 university adult primary care clinics. Staff and clinician PMQ scores in each clinic were correlated. The clinic-level median PMQ score was positively associated with a composite clinic quality measure. PMID:25785637

  4. Can the 12-item General Health Questionnaire be used to measure positive mental health?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    YONGJIAN HU; SARAH STEWART-BROWN; LIZ TWIGG; SCOTT WEICH

    2007-01-01

    Background. Well-being is an important determinant of health and social outcomes. Measures of positive mental health states are needed for population-based research. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) has been widely used in many settings and languages, and includes posi- tively and negatively worded items. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that the GHQ-12 assesses both positive and negative

  5. The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): Validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Ehring; Ulrike Zetsche; Kathrin Weidacker; Karina Wahl; Sabine Schönfeld; Anke Ehlers

    2011-01-01

    Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) has been found to be involved in the maintenance of several types of emotional problems and has therefore been suggested to be a transdiagnostic process. However, existing measures of RNT typically focus on a particular disorder-specific content. In this article, the preliminary validation of a content-independent self-report questionnaire of RNT is presented. The 15-item Perseverative Thinking

  6. Attitudes towards genetically modified and organic foods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marieke Saher; Marjaana Lindeman; Ulla-Kaisa Koivisto Hursti

    2006-01-01

    Finnish students (N=3261) filled out a questionnaire on attitudes towards genetically modified and organic food, plus the rational-experiential inventory, the magical thinking about food and health scale, Schwartz's value survey and the behavioural inhibition scale. In addition, they reported their eating of meat. Structural equation modelling of these measures had greater explanatory power for attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) foods

  7. Model Attitude and Deformation Measurements at the NASA Glenn Research Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woike, Mark R.

    2008-01-01

    The NASA Glenn Research Center is currently participating in an American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) sponsored Model Attitude and Deformation Working Group. This working group is chartered to develop a best practices document dealing with the measurement of two primary areas of wind tunnel measurements, 1) model attitude including alpha, beta and roll angle, and 2) model deformation. Model attitude is a principle variable in making aerodynamic and force measurements in a wind tunnel. Model deformation affects measured forces, moments and other measured aerodynamic parameters. The working group comprises of membership from industry, academia, and the Department of Defense (DoD). Each member of the working group gave a presentation on the methods and techniques that they are using to make model attitude and deformation measurements. This presentation covers the NASA Glenn Research Center s approach in making model attitude and deformation measurements.

  8. The Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire (PTQ): validation of a content-independent measure of repetitive negative thinking.

    PubMed

    Ehring, Thomas; Zetsche, Ulrike; Weidacker, Kathrin; Wahl, Karina; Schönfeld, Sabine; Ehlers, Anke

    2011-06-01

    Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) has been found to be involved in the maintenance of several types of emotional problems and has therefore been suggested to be a transdiagnostic process. However, existing measures of RNT typically focus on a particular disorder-specific content. In this article, the preliminary validation of a content-independent self-report questionnaire of RNT is presented. The 15-item Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire was evaluated in two studies (total N = 1832), comprising non-clinical as well as clinical participants. Results of confirmatory factor analyses across samples supported a second-order model with one higher-order factor representing RNT in general and three lower-order factors representing (1) the core characteristics of RNT (repetitiveness, intrusiveness, difficulties with disengagement), (2) perceived unproductiveness of RNT and (3) RNT capturing mental capacity. High internal consistencies and high re-test reliability were found for the total scale and all three subscales. The validity of the Perseverative Thinking Questionnaire was supported by substantial correlations with existing measures of RNT and associations with symptom levels and clinical diagnoses of depression and anxiety. Results suggest the usefulness of the new measure for research into RNT as a transdiagnostic process. PMID:21315886

  9. Measuring implicit attitudes of 4-year-olds: the preschool implicit association test.

    PubMed

    Cvencek, Dario; Greenwald, Anthony G; Meltzoff, Andrew N

    2011-06-01

    The Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT) is an adaptation of an established social cognition measure (IAT) for use with preschool children. Two studies with 4-year-olds found that the PSIAT was effective in evaluating (a) attitudes toward commonly liked objects (flowers=good) and (b) gender attitudes (girl=good or boy=good). The gender attitude PSIAT was positively correlated with corresponding explicit attitude measures and also children's actual sex. The new implicit and explicit measures of gender attitudes demonstrated discriminant validity; each predicted variance in children's gendered play activities beyond that predicted by the other. Discussion describes potential uses of the PSIAT to investigate development of societally significant attitudes and stereotypes at younger ages than are achievable with currently available methods. PMID:21215416

  10. Position and attitude measurement of moving target using laser tracking system with multiple measuring stations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Zhaohui; Wang, Jia; Liu, Yongdong; Liang, Jinwen

    2000-10-01

    Dynamic geometric parameter measurement plays an important role in most industries. Research and development on this technology have attracted great attention. We proposed a laser tracking system for measuring development of laser tracking technology, a laser tracking system consisting of three tracking and measuring stations is described in detail. The three stations track respectively three retro reflectors on the moving target, and measure the position and attitude. We built the mathematical model of measurement and developed the algorithm for processing data. According to the homogeneous coordinate transformation, we deduced the formulae for computing coordinates and attitude under different coordinate systems. Some key techniques of the measuring system are discussed at the end of the paper.

  11. Knowledge and Attitudes of GPs in Saxony-Anhalt concerning the Psychological Aspects of Bronchial Asthma: A Questionnaire Study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Bronchial Asthma is a worldwide condition with particularly high prevalence in first world countries. The reasons are multifactorial but a neglected area is the psychological domain. It is well known that heavy emotions can trigger attacks and that depression negatively affects treatment outcomes. It is also known that personality type has a greater effect on disease prevalence than in many other conditions. However, many potential psychological treatments are hardly considered, neither in treatment guidelines nor in reviews by asthma specialists. Moreover, there is very little research concerning the beliefs and practices of doctors regarding psychological treatments. Using a questionnaire survey we ascertained that local GPs in Saxony-Anhalt have reasonably good knowledge about the psychological elements of asthma; a third consider it to be some of the influence (20-40% aetiology) and a further third consider it to be even more important than that (at least 40% total aetiology). Our GPs use psychosomatic counseling sometimes or usually in the areas of sport and smoking (circa 85% GPs), although less so regarding breathing techniques and relaxation (c40% usually or sometimes do this) However despite this knowledge they refer to the relevant clinicians very rarely (98% sometimes, usually or always refer to a respiratory physician compared with only 11% referring for psychological help). PMID:21171975

  12. Initial attitude estimation of tactical grade inertial measurement unit for airborne environmental camera

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hyo-Sung Ahn; Chang-Hee Won; Douglas Olsen; Richard Schultz; Arnold Johnson; William Semke; George A. Seielstad; Chuck Wivell

    2003-01-01

    The initial attitude estimation of the airborne navigation system greatly affects the overall attitude accuracy. The initial alignment depends on the inertial measurement unit's performance. In the case of the tactical grade inertial measurement unit, even though tilt angles can be estimated relatively accurate by using accelerometer outputs, it is difficult to determine the azimuth angle with gyroscope outputs because

  13. Developing a Scale to Measure Season Ticket Holder Attitudes Towards the Professional Sports Club Offering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adam Karg; Heath McDonald; Andrea Vocino

    Given the importance of season ticket holders (STH) to sporting organisations, we empirically examine a scale for measuring their attitudes to the season ticket product. This involved identifying through qualitative research and past literature, the various elements that are perceived to comprise the season ticket package and developing items to measure STH attitudes to them. The season ticket package was

  14. Measuring autonomy support in university students: the Spanish version of the Learning Climate Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Núñez, Juan L; León, Jaime; Grijalvo, Fernando; Martín Albo, José

    2012-11-01

    The goals of this research were to translate and analyze the psychometric properties of the Learning Climate Questionnaire (LCQ) and to develop a short form. The LCQ is a 15-item self-report measure that assesses autonomy support in educational settings. A total of 422 students (60 men and 362 women) took part in this study. Results showed evidence of construct validity and adequate reliability for the LCQ. The short form consists of five items that showed sound psychometric properties. Results of Pearson correlation and Gower index showed high agreement between the long and short forms. In conclusion, both forms can be considered as preliminary versions of the original questionnaire to assess autonomy support in educational settings. PMID:23156948

  15. Present status and perspectives about measurement technology of inter-satellite relative position and relative attitude

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gao, Peng; You, Zheng

    2005-11-01

    Remote measurement, target searching and tracking missions being performed in space, bring new application for small satellites. To achieve relative navigation, attitude control and other important applications, inter-satellite relative position and relative attitude must be known. In this paper, the measurement procedures of relative position and relative attitude are given. The principles of some measurement means are discussed. The analysis of these means is presented. The modified laser ranging method is mentioned. It points out that the laser ranging method is the promising one among these methods. Achieving the continuous measurement of relative position and relative attitude in some stringent missions may require combination of various methods. And some characteristics of space environment are also discussed. The multipath effects of laser are analyzed and an available approach that can avoid these effects is provided. Finally, the outlook of the measurement of relative position and relative attitude is represented.

  16. Personality and attitudes towards marginal social groups

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zbigniew Zaleski; Sybil Eysenck; Hans Eysenck

    1995-01-01

    The authors tested the hypothesis that high scorers on the EPQ extraversion scale express more tolerant and humanitarian attitudes towards marginal social groups whereas the high scorers on psychoticism take a more repressive position. The data collected among 249 Polish subjects by means of Eysenck and Eysenck's (Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, 1975) EPQ questionnaire and the scale measuring

  17. Effective direction measurements for spacecraft attitude: III. Defective directions and data fusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shuster, Malcolm D.

    2007-12-01

    Two effective measurements are examined which represent attitude information defectively, that is, part of the information is discarded in the effective measurement. These effective measurements are tested for the fusion of a star-tracker attitude estimate with a direction measurement from a vector Sun sensor. The defective directions tested are the Brozenec-Bender vector and those in the prescription of Bar-Itzhack and Harman. These are compared with maximum-likelihood estimation based on all measurements and with the startracker attitude estimate alone. Naturally, the approximate algorithms do not perform as well as maximum-likelihood estimation without approximation.

  18. Functional Assessment and Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaires: Measurement Invariance Across Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites

    PubMed Central

    Sayegh, Philip

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of the Study: We tested the ethnic-group measurement invariance of 2 commonly used informant-report scales of patients’ dementia symptoms: the Functional Assessment Questionnaire (FAQ), a measure of functional abilities, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q), a measure of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Design and Methods: We conducted multigroup confirmatory factor analyses on 311 Hispanic and 10,863 non-Hispanic White (NHW) outpatients and their informants diagnosed with dementia or normal cognition at their initial Alzheimer’s Disease Center evaluations nationwide. Results: We confirmed our hypothesized one-factor FAQ and four-factor NPI-Q models for each ethnic group. We also found evidence for the configural (i.e., number of factors) and factorial (i.e., pattern of factor loadings) invariance of both scales and structural (i.e., factor covariances) invariance of the NPI-Q across groups. However, we did not obtain evidence for ethnic-group scalar (i.e., intercept) invariance for either scale. Implications: The FAQ and NPI-Q were operating similarly across Hispanics and NHWs, suggesting that they can be meaningfully used within and across these groups to measure informant-reported dementia symptomatology. However, their scalar noninvariance indicates that meaningful ethnic-group comparisons of their latent factor mean values cannot be made. PMID:23564287

  19. Measuring Mobility Limitations in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Interrater and Intrarater Reliability of a Mobility Questionnaire (MobQues)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Ravesteyn, Nicolien T.; Dallmeijer, Annet J.; Scholtes, Vanessa A.; Roorda, Leo D.; Becher, Jules G.

    2010-01-01

    Aim: The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of a mobility questionnaire (MobQues) that was developed to measure the mobility limitations of children with cerebral palsy (CP) as rated by their parents. A clinical version of the questionnaire, consisting of 47 items (MobQues47), is available, as well as a research version with 28…

  20. Remote measurement of target distance and attitude angle with a single optical imager

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, LianXin; Yu, Yinglong; Li, Jian B.; Yang, Yao

    2000-12-01

    This paper describes a method to measure distance and attitude angle of flying target, which is based on moving or unmoving measurement platform. Related equations are presented. The method is verified and simulated in lab and applied to field trial.

  1. CONCEPTUALIZATION AND MEASUREMENT OF PATIENT CHANGE DURING PSYCHOTHERAPY: DEVELOPMENT OF THE OUTCOME QUESTIONNAIRE AND YOUTH OUTCOME QUESTIONNAIRE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. GAWAIN WELLS; GARY M. BURLINGAME; MICHAEL J. LAMBERT; MATTHEW J. HOAG; CAROLEN A. HOPE

    1996-01-01

    The so-called age of accountability has been thrust upon psychotherapists by rising healthcare costs and the consequent growth of managed care. Accordingly, tracking psychotherapy outcomes is becoming a requirement for most practitioners. We suggest there is reason for optimism in accepting and employing treatment outcome measurement as an integral part of clinical practice. This article describes the construction and psychometric

  2. Attitude of young psychiatrists toward coercive measures in psychiatry: a case vignette study in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Tateno, Masaru; Sugiura, Kanna; Uehara, Kumi; Fujisawa, Daisuke; Zhao, Yueren; Hashimoto, Naoki; Takahashi, Hidehiko; Yoshida, Naofumi; Kato, Takahiro; Nakano, Wakako; Wake, Yosuke; Shirasaka, Tomohiro; Kobayashi, Seiju; Sato, Soichiro

    2009-01-01

    Background Every psychiatrist must pay careful attention to avoid violating human rights when initiating coercive treatments such as seclusion and restraint. However, these interventions are indispensable in clinical psychiatry, and they are often used as strategies to treat agitated patients. In this study, we investigated young psychiatrists' attitudes toward psychiatric coercive measures. Methods A total of 183 young psychiatrists participated as subjects in our study. A questionnaire with a case vignette describing a patient with acute psychosis was sent to the study subjects via the Internet or by mail. This questionnaire included scoring the necessity for hospitalization, and the likelihood of prescribing seclusion and/or restraint, on a 9-point Likert scale (with 9 indicating strong agreement). Results There was general agreement among the study subjects that the case should be admitted to a hospital (8.91 ± 0.3) and secluded (8.43 ± 1.0). The estimated length of hospitalization was 13.53 ± 6.4 weeks. Regarding the likelihood of prescribing restraint, results showed great diversity (5.14 ± 2.5 on 9-point scale); psychiatrists working at general hospitals scored significantly higher (6.25 ± 2.5) than those working at university hospitals (5.02 ± 2.3) or psychiatric hospitals (4.15 ± 2.6). A two-group comparison of the length of inpatient care revealed a significant difference between those psychiatrists who scored 1-3 (n = 55, 14.22 ± 7.4 wks) and those who scored 7-9 (n = 62, 12.22 ± 4.0) regarding the need to use restraint. Conclusion Our results may reflect the current dilemma in Japanese psychiatry wherein psychiatrists must initiate coercive measures to shorten hospitalization stays. This study prompted its subject psychiatrists to consider coercive psychiatric treatments. PMID:19772614

  3. Effects of vibration on inertial wind-tunnel model attitude measurement devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, Clarence P., Jr.; Buehrle, Ralph D.; Balakrishna, S.; Kilgore, W. Allen

    1994-01-01

    Results of an experimental study of a wind tunnel model inertial angle-of-attack sensor response to a simulated dynamic environment are presented. The inertial device cannot distinguish between the gravity vector and the centrifugal accelerations associated with wind tunnel model vibration, this situation results in a model attitude measurement bias error. Significant bias error in model attitude measurement was found for the model system tested. The model attitude bias error was found to be vibration mode and amplitude dependent. A first order correction model was developed and used for estimating attitude measurement bias error due to dynamic motion. A method for correcting the output of the model attitude inertial sensor in the presence of model dynamics during on-line wind tunnel operation is proposed.

  4. Attitude towards Dreams and MMPI Measures of Psychopathology in Male Chronic Alcoholics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cernovsky, Zack Zdenek

    1987-01-01

    Tested 86 male chronic alcoholics admitted to treatment. Found that attitude towards dreams as measured by Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) item on understanding dreams was unrelated to scores on MMPI scales of psychopathology and to incidence of nightmares. Failed to confirm clinical expectations that positive attitude to dreams…

  5. Simultaneous spacecraft attitude and orbit estimation using magnetic field vector measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Abdelrahman; Sang-Young Park

    2011-01-01

    Based on magnetometer measurements only, three-axis attitude, rate, and orbit estimation are successfully achieved. A single Augmented Dynamics Extended Kalman Filter (ADEKF) is configured by combining the spacecraft nonlinear attitude dynamics and quaternion kinematics with orbital mechanics. The filter design is adopted for three-axis stabilized spacecraft in low Earth orbits where the aerodynamic drag is the dominant source of disturbances

  6. Does Japan really have robot mania? Comparing attitudes by implicit and explicit measures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karl F. Macdorman; Sandosh K. Vasudevan; Chin-chang Ho

    2009-01-01

    Japan has more robots than any other country with robots contributing to many areas of society, including manufacturing, healthcare, and entertainment. However, few studies have examined Japanese attitudes toward robots, and none has used implicit measures. This study compares attitudes among the faculty of a US and a Japanese university. Although the Japanese faculty reported many more experiences with robots,

  7. Validity of the Butcher Treatment Planning Inventory as a Measure of Negative Treatment Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatchett, Gregory T.

    2007-01-01

    This study evaluated the validity of the Butcher Treatment Planning Inventory (BTPI) as a measure of negative expectations and attitudes toward counseling. Undergraduate students completed the BTPI, the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale-Abbreviated Version, and the Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form during one…

  8. Development an Instrument to Measure University Students' Attitude towards E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mehra, Vandana; Omidian, Faranak

    2012-01-01

    The study of student's attitude towards e-learning can in many ways help managers better prepare in light of e-learning for the future. This article describes the process of the development of an instrument to measure university students' attitude towards e-learning. The scale was administered to 200 University students from two countries (India…

  9. Preschool Racial Attitude Measure II (PRAM II): Technical Report #1: 1970-71 Standardization Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, John E.

    This report provides detailed technical information concerning the Preschool Racial Attitude Measure II (PRAM II) a method for assessing the attitudes of pre-literate children toward light- and dark-skinned individuals. Several major changes were involved in the PRAM II revision: (1) the length was doubled, (2) the general artistic quality of the…

  10. Validity of a questionnaire measuring motives for choosing foods including sustainable concerns.

    PubMed

    Sautron, Valérie; Péneau, Sandrine; Camilleri, Géraldine M; Muller, Laurent; Ruffieux, Bernard; Hercberg, Serge; Méjean, Caroline

    2015-04-01

    Since the 1990s, sustainability of diet has become an increasingly important concern for consumers. However, there is no validated multidimensional measurement of motivation in the choice of foods including a concern for sustainability currently available. In the present study, we developed a questionnaire that measures food choice motives during purchasing, and we tested its psychometric properties. The questionnaire included 104 items divided into four predefined dimensions (environmental, health and well-being, economic and miscellaneous). It was administered to 1000 randomly selected subjects participating in the Nutrinet-Santé cohort study. Among 637 responders, one-third found the questionnaire complex or too long, while one-quarter found it difficult to fill in. Its underlying structure was determined by exploratory factor analysis and then internally validated by confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was also assessed by internal consistency of selected dimensions and test-retest repeatability. After selecting the most relevant items, first-order analysis highlighted nine main dimensions: labeled ethics and environment, local and traditional production, taste, price, environmental limitations, health, convenience, innovation and absence of contaminants. The model demonstrated excellent internal validity (adjusted goodness of fit index?=?0.97; standardized root mean square residuals?=?0.07) and satisfactory reliability (internal consistency?=?0.96, test-retest repeatability coefficient ranged between 0.31 and 0.68 over a mean 4-week period). This study enabled precise identification of the various dimensions in food choice motives and proposed an original, internally valid tool applicable to large populations for assessing consumer food motivation during purchasing, particularly in terms of sustainability. PMID:25529817

  11. Measuring eating disorder attitudes and behaviors: a reliability generalization study

    E-print Network

    Pearson, Crystal Anne

    2009-05-15

    Questionnaire Shields & Caruso (2004) Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale Nilsson, Schmidt, & Meek (20020 Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory Lane, White, & Henson (2002) Differential Emotions Scale Youngstrom & Green (2003) Eysenck Personality... Questionnaire Caruso, Witkiewitz, Belcourt-Dittloff, & Gottlieb (2001) Geriatric Depression Scale Kieffer, Reese, & Kieffer (2002) Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Caruso & Edwards (2001) Kolb?s Learning Style Inventory Henson & Hwang (2002) Lib...

  12. Can We Influence Students? Attitudes About Inspections? Can We Measure a Change in Attitude?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Delbert Bailey; Tracey Conn; Brian Hanks; Linda L. Werner

    2003-01-01

    As the software industry matures, new development technologies are invented and some of these technologies transition into best practices. Our role as university educators is to teach these best practices and change attitudes so that our students graduate as software engineers who believe in the use of these methodologies. One question that all software engineering educators have is 'can we

  13. Dietary behavior, attitudes and knowledge of college students

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Sara Sanner

    1993-01-01

    towards dietary practices, to measure the nutrition knowledge of college students, and to test for relationships among intake, attitudes, and knowledge. Students were recruited and instructed to complete two 3-day food records and three questionnaires...

  14. Measuring eating disorder attitudes and behaviors: a reliability generalization study 

    E-print Network

    Pearson, Crystal Anne

    2009-05-15

    I used reliability generalization procedures to determine the mean score reliability of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), and the Bulimia Test (BULIT). Reliability generalization is a type of meta-analysis used...

  15. Development of a Short Questionnaire to Measure an Extended Set of Job Demands, Job Resources, and Positive Health Outcomes: The New Brief Job Stress Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    INOUE, Akiomi; KAWAKAMI, Norito; SHIMOMITSU, Teruichi; TSUTSUMI, Akizumi; HARATANI, Takashi; YOSHIKAWA, Toru; SHIMAZU, Akihito; ODAGIRI, Yuko

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the reliability and construct validity of a new version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ), which measures an extended set of psychosocial factors at work by adding new scales/items to the current version of the BJSQ. Additional scales/items were extensively collected from theoretical job stress models and similar questionnaires in several countries. Scales/items were field-tested and refined through a pilot internet survey. Finally, an 84-item questionnaire (141 items in total when combined with the current BJSQ) was developed. A nationally representative survey was administered to employees in Japan (n=1,633) to examine the reliability and construct validity. Most scales showed acceptable levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Principal component analyses showed that the first factor explained 50% or greater proportion of the variance in most scales. A scale factor analysis and a correlation analysis showed that these scales fit the theoretical expectations. These findings provided a piece of evidence that the New BJSQ scales are reliable and valid. Although more detailed content and construct validity should be examined in future study, the New BJSQ is a useful instrument to evaluate psychosocial work environment and positive mental health outcomes in the current workplace. PMID:24492763

  16. Development of a short questionnaire to measure an extended set of job demands, job resources, and positive health outcomes: the new brief job stress questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Inoue, Akiomi; Kawakami, Norito; Shimomitsu, Teruichi; Tsutsumi, Akizumi; Haratani, Takashi; Yoshikawa, Toru; Shimazu, Akihito; Odagiri, Yuko

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the reliability and construct validity of a new version of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (New BJSQ), which measures an extended set of psychosocial factors at work by adding new scales/items to the current version of the BJSQ. Additional scales/items were extensively collected from theoretical job stress models and similar questionnaires in several countries. Scales/items were field-tested and refined through a pilot internet survey. Finally, an 84-item questionnaire (141 items in total when combined with the current BJSQ) was developed. A nationally representative survey was administered to employees in Japan (n=1,633) to examine the reliability and construct validity. Most scales showed acceptable levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Principal component analyses showed that the first factor explained 50% or greater proportion of the variance in most scales. A scale factor analysis and a correlation analysis showed that these scales fit the theoretical expectations. These findings provided a piece of evidence that the New BJSQ scales are reliable and valid. Although more detailed content and construct validity should be examined in future study, the New BJSQ is a useful instrument to evaluate psychosocial work environment and positive mental health outcomes in the current workplace. PMID:24492763

  17. A Multiplicative Residual Approach To Attitude Kalman Filtering With Unit-Vector Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zanetti, Renato

    2009-10-01

    Using direction vectors of unit length as measurements for attitude estimation in an extended Kalman filter inevitably results in a singular measurement covariance matrix. Singularity of the measurement covariance means no noise is present in one component of the measurement. Unit-vector measurements have no noise in the radial component. Singular measurement covariances can be dealt with by the classic Kalman filter formulation as long as the estimated measurement covariance is non-singular in the same direction. Unit-vector measurements violate this condition because both the true measurement and the estimated measurement have perfectly known lengths. Minimum variance estimation for the unit-vector attitude Kalman filter is studied in this work. An optimal multiplicative residual approach is presented. The proposed approach is compared with the classic additive residual attitude Kalman filter.

  18. The euthanasia-religion nexus: exploring religious orientation and euthanasia attitude measures in a Muslim context.

    PubMed

    Aghababaei, Naser

    Using religious orientation paradigm, this twofold study examined the relationship between euthanasia attitude and religiosity, and compared single-item and multi-item scales of euthanasia attitude. Three hundred students were asked whether they view euthanasia as moral. In addition, participants completed the Euthanasia Attitude Scale (EAS) and Religious Orientation Scale-Revised. Results indicated that intrinsic religiosity was the strongest correlate of negative attitudes toward euthanasia. This type of religiosity explained additional variance when added to the two types of extrinsic religiosity (social, personal), but the reverse was not the case. The fairly strong correlation of intrinsic religiosity with the EAS provides evidence of construct validity for the EAS and proved it to be a better measure for assessing euthanasia attitude, rather than the single-item scale. PMID:23785984

  19. The Teasing Questionnaire-Revised: measurement of childhood teasing in adults.

    PubMed

    Strawser, Melissa S; Storch, Eric A; Roberti, Jonathan W

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the reliability of the Teasing Questionnaire-Revised (TQ-R) and the relations between recalled childhood teasing and current psychological distress. Three hundred and three undergraduate college students were administered the TQ-R, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory, and UCLA Loneliness Scale. A sub-sample was administered the TQ-R two weeks later. Test-retest reliability of the TQ-R ranged from moderate to strong for the TQ-R scores. Internal consistency for the TQ-R scores ranged from acceptable to good. Intercorrelations among factors were moderate suggesting that the factors measure related but distinct teasing domains. The TQ-R Total Score and Appearance, Performance, and Social factors were related to later psychopathology with correlations of a moderate effect size. Implications of these findings and areas for future research are discussed. PMID:16076424

  20. Development and evaluation of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire: a new health status measure for heart failure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Patrick Green; Charles B. Porter; Dennis R. Bresnahan; John A. Spertus

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVESTo create a valid, sensitive, disease-specific health status measure for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF).BACKGROUNDQuantifying health status is becoming increasingly important for CHF. The Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) is a new, self-administered, 23-item questionnaire that quantifies physical limitations, symptoms, self-efficacy, social interference and quality of life.METHODSTo establish the performance characteristics of the KCCQ, two distinct patient cohorts were

  1. Principle component analyses of questionnaires measuring individual differences in synaesthetic phenomenology.

    PubMed

    Anderson, Hazel P; Ward, Jamie

    2015-05-01

    Questionnaires have been developed for categorising grapheme-colour synaesthetes into two sub-types based on phenomenology: associators and projectors. The general approach has been to assume a priori the existence of two sub-types on a single dimension (with endpoints as projector and associator) rather than explore, in a data-driven fashion, other possible models. We collected responses from 175 grapheme-colour synaesthetes on two questionnaires, the Illustrated Synaesthetic Experience Questionnaire (Skelton, Ludwig, & Mohr, 2009) and Rouw and Scholte's (2007) Projector-Associator Questionnaire. After Principle Component Analysis both questionnaires were comprised of two factors which coincide with the projector/associator distinction. This suggests that projectors and associators are not opposites of each other, but separate dimensions of experience (e.g. some synaesthetes claim to be both, others claim to be neither). The revised questionnaires provide a useful tool for researchers and insights into the phenomenology of synaesthesia. PMID:25703387

  2. Measuring Bystander Attitudes and Behavior to Prevent Sexual Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMahon, Sarah; Allen, Christopher T.; Postmus, Judy L.; McMahon, Sheila M.; Peterson, N. Andrew; Lowe Hoffman, Melanie

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study is to further investigate the factor structure and strength of the Bystander Attitude Scale-Revised and Bystander Behavior Scale-Revised (BAS-R and BBS-R). Participants: First-year students (N = 4,054) at a large public university in the Northeast completed a survey in 2010 as part of a larger longitudinal…

  3. Measuring Attitude Change Toward Special Needs Learners. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundstrom, Karen V.

    Students majoring in home economics education were studied to see if any change in attitude occurred following a course on teaching learners with special needs. The categories of special needs learners were: physically handicapped, emotionally disturbed, hearing and visually impaired, urban, rural, and Indian disadvantaged, and the educable…

  4. Scale analysis and the measurement of social attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allen L. Edwards; Franklin P. Kilpatrick

    1948-01-01

    This paper discusses and compares the methods of attitude scale construction of Thurstone (method of equal-appearing intervals), Likert (method of summated ratings), and Guttman (method of scale analysis), with special emphasis on the latter as one of the most recent and significant contributions to the field. Despite a certain lack of methodological precision, scale analysis provides a means of evaluating

  5. Measure Development: The Children's Attitudes toward Technology Scale (CATS).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frantom, Catherine G.; Green, Kathy E.; Hoffman, Eleanor R.

    2002-01-01

    This study describes the development of the Children's Attitude toward Technology Scale (CATS) with 574 children in a rural school district. Discuses differences between elementary and middle school students, gender differences, interest and aptitude, and alternative preferences (for videos and books). (Author/LRW)

  6. Evaluating the Convergence of Muscle Appearance Attitude Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cafri, Guy; Thompson, J. Kevin

    2004-01-01

    There has been growing interest in the assessment of a muscular appearance. Given the importance of assessing muscle appearance attitudes, the aim of this study was to explore the convergence of the Drive for Muscularity Scale, Somatomorphic Matrix, Contour Drawing Rating Scale, Male Figure Drawings, and the Muscularity Rating Scale. Participants…

  7. Conceptualization and Measurement of Attitudes Toward Children's Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wrightsman, Lawrence S.; And Others

    This paper discusses the issue of children's rights and describes a study in which a 300-item attitude scale was constructed and administered to several groups of adult subjects. Major content areas, dealing with the rights of children aged 10-14 included: health, safety/care, education and information, economics, and legal, judicial, and…

  8. Measuring progress in clinical governance: assessing the reliability and validity of the Clinical Governance Climate Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Freeman, T

    2003-11-01

    Despite a lack of conceptual clarity, the importance of cultural change to clinical governance is widely accepted. While generic measures of organizational performance, culture and climate are available, their relationship to clinical governance is unclear. Consequently, there is currently no valid and reliable measure of clinical governance climate. This study aimed to address the deficiency by reducing a pool of clinical governance climate indicators developed via previous qualitative research, describing a latent factor structure and assessing the internal consistency and external validity of the factor model. The resultant instrument, the Clinical Governance Climate Questionnaire (CGCQ), attained high internal consistency and external (discriminant and construct) validity in a study population of healthcare Trust staff. It consists of 60 items distributed across six sub-scales of clinical governance: planned and integrated quality improvement; proactive risk management; absence of unjust blame and punishment; working with colleagues; training and development; and organizational learning. The measure enables those charged with leading the clinical governance agenda in UK healthcare organizations to assess the progress of organizational development initiatives, highlighting areas requiring particular attention. They might also be of interest to those concerned about the negative unintended consequences of performance management. PMID:14613621

  9. Validating the SF36 health survey questionnaire: new outcome measure for primary care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Brazier; R. Harper; N. M. Jones; A. OCathain; K. J. Thomas; T. Usherwood; L. Westlake

    1992-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To test the acceptability, validity, and reliability of the short form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36) and to compare it with the Nottingham health profile. DESIGN--Postal survey using a questionnaire booklet together with a letter from the general practitioner. Non-respondents received two reminders at two week intervals. The SF-36 questionnaire was retested on a subsample of respondents two weeks after

  10. Measurement of the passive attitude control performance of a recovered spacecraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregory, J. C.; Peters, P. N.

    1992-01-01

    A novel silver detector incorporated in the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) has been used to measure the attitude stability of the vehicle. It is thereby established that the LDEF spacecraft maintained a very stable attitude during its nearly 6-year-long flight, notwithstanding a small offset yaw of 8.0 +/- 0.4 deg clockwise from nominal attitude (as viewed from space) and a +/- 0.2-deg oscillation about this offset yaw. LDEF experiments which depend on orientation relative to the forward direction may need to be corrected for the angular offset.

  11. Do professional attitudes change during medical education?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Batenburg

    1996-01-01

    Objective: The aim was to measure students' professional attitudes, in particular the level of humaneness. The quality of humaneness was defined in terms of both patient-centredness and psychosocial orientation towards disease. Method: Medical students completed a questionnaire designed to survey professional attitudes. Measuring instruments consisted of the Doctor-Patient Scale and the Social Context Scale, both containing statements of the Likert-type.

  12. Science Anxiety, Science Attitudes, and Constructivism: A Binational Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Fred B.; Kastrup, Helge; Udo, Maria; Hislop, Nelda; Shefner, Rachel; Mallow, Jeffry

    2013-01-01

    Students' attitudes and anxieties about science were measured by responses to two self-report questionnaires. The cohorts were Danish and American students at the upper secondary- and university-levels. Relationships between and among science attitudes, science anxiety, gender, and nationality were examined. Particular attention was paid to…

  13. Ethnic Identity and Civic Attitudes in Latino and Caucasian Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anglin, Ashley Elizabeth; Johnson-Pynn, Julie S.; Johnson, Laura Renee

    2012-01-01

    Understanding youth's perceptions of their civic skills is important for enriching the lives of youth as well as society. This study explored the relationship between civic attitudes, leadership skills, and ethnic identity in Northwest Georgia schools using two measures, the Civic Attitudes and Skills Questionnaire (CASQ) and the Multigroup Ethnic…

  14. Parental attitudes towards pocket money, trait competitiveness and occupational stress

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Kirkcaldy; Adrian Furnham; Terence Martin

    2003-01-01

    Several hundred German parents completed a questionnaire to assess their attitudes towards pocket money and economic socialisation. In addition trait competitiveness and occupational stress were measured. Demographic variables were less predictive of competitiveness compared to psychological\\/attitudinal factors. The more competitive oriented parents displayed a distinct monetary attitude profile: they were less liberal, more structured and budget-oriented. They used money significantly

  15. Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thiagarajah, Krisha; Fly, Alyce D.; Hoelscher, Deanna M.; Bai, Yeon; Lo, Kaman; Leone, Angela; Shertzer, Julie A.

    2008-01-01

    Background: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure physical activity, nutrition attitudes, and dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. The SPAN questionnaire has 2 versions. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of…

  16. [Questionnaire to examine the prevalence of allergy symptoms and consumer measures by prefecture].

    PubMed

    Takayanagi, Masayuki; Nemoto, Eiichi; Shinagawa, Hiroyasu; Kuramochi, Mika; Oshima, Shigeru; Kutsuma, Nobuaki; Dobashi, Akira; Saitoh, Yukiya; Kobayashi, Daisuke

    2009-08-01

    To ascertain the prevalence of allergy symptoms and consumer measures for eye, nose, skin, food, and asthma by prefecture. The self-evaluation questionnaire was mailed to 100,000 subjects throughout Japan by the OTC distribution network of Fujiyakuhin Co., Ltd. The prevalence of allergy symptoms for eye, nose, skin, food, and asthma was 17.3, 26.7, 14.5, 4.5, and 5.4%, respectively. These values were comparable with those of previous studies. The ratio of consultation behavior in respondents reporting allergy symptoms was estimated to be 26.4-82.1%. The usage rate of OTC drugs in respondents reporting non-consultation and the rate of combined use of prescription and OTC drugs were 2.9-51.1% and 7.0-44.1%, respectively. The positive likelihood ratio for subjective allergy in persons having an allergy history of "both parent and child" was 13.9, and this ratio for subjective child allergy in persons having an allergy history of "either parents" and "both parents" was 4.39 and 15.7. The relationship between consumer measures and the allergy history of subjects and families was observed in various combinations. In this study, the allergy prevalence of eye and food not reported in a previous study was estimated. Furthermore, it appears that there are points which make one think anew about the allergy information offered to consumers and patients by both OTC manufacturers/distributors and pharmacists. PMID:19652505

  17. Construction of a questionnaire measuring outpatients' opinion of quality of hospital consultation departments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isabelle Gasquet; Sylvie Villeminot; Carla Estaquio; Pierre Durieux; Philippe Ravaud; Bruno Falissard

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Few questionnaires on outpatients' satisfaction with hospital exist. All have been constructed without giving enough room for the patient's point of view in the validation procedure. The main objective was to develop, according to psychometric standards, a self-administered generic outpatient questionnaire exploring opinion on quality of hospital care. METHOD: First, a qualitative phase was conducted to generate items and

  18. A Quaternion-Based Adaptive Attitude Tracking Controller Without Velocity Measurements1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. T. Costic; D. M. Dawson; M. S. de Queiroz; V. Kapila

    The main problem addressed in this paper is the quaternion-based, attitude tracking control of rigid spacecraft without angular velocity measurements and in the presence of an unknown inertia matrix. As a stepping-stone, we Þrst de- sign an adaptive, full-state feedback controller that compensates for parametric uncertainty while ensuring asymptotic attitude tracking errors. The adaptive, full-state feedback controller is then redesigned

  19. The Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ): Developing and Validating a Comprehensive Measure for Assessing Job Design and the Nature of Work

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick P. Morgeson; Stephen E. Humphrey

    2006-01-01

    Although there are thousands of studies investigating work and job design, existing measures are incomplete. In an effort to address this gap, the authors reviewed the work design literature, identified and integrated previously described work characteristics, and developed a measure to tap those work characteristics. The resultant Work Design Questionnaire (WDQ) was validated with 540 incumbents holding 243 distinct jobs

  20. Validation of Self-Report Measures of Physical Activity: A Case Study Using the New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackay, Lisa M.; Schofield, Grant M.; Schluter, Philip J.

    2007-01-01

    Accurate measurement of physical activity is fundamentally important in epidemiological research of physical activity behavior. A widely used telephone-based physical activity questionnaire was compared with other methods of administration and objective measures (pedometers and accelerometers) among 80 adults (43 women). The telephone…

  1. Measuring sleep habits without using a diary: the sleep timing questionnaire

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Monk, Timothy H.; Buysse, Daniel J.; Kennedy, Kathy S.; Pods, Jaime M.; DeGrazia, Jean M.; Miewald, Jean M.

    2003-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVES: To develop a single-administration instrument yielding equivalent measures of sleep to those obtained from a formal (2-week) sleep diary. DESIGN & SETTING: A single-administration Sleep riming Questionnaire (STQ) is described (and reproduced in the Appendix). Test-retest reliability was examined in 40 subjects who were given the STQ on two occasions separated by less than 1 year. Convergent validity was measured both by comparing STO-derived measures with objective measures derived from wrist actigraphy (n=23) and by comparing STQ-derived measures with other subjective measures derived from a detailed 2-week sleep diary in two nonoverlapping samples (n=101, 93). Correlations of STQ measures with age and momingness-eveningness (chronotype) were also examined. SUBJECTS: The analyses used sample sizes of 40, 23, 101, and 93 (both genders, overall age range 20y-89y). Most subjects were healthy volunteers; some Study 4 subjects were patients (enrolled in research protocols). RESULTS: Test-retest reliability for the STQ was demonstrated for estimates of bedtime (r = 0.705, p < 0.001) and waketime (r = 0.826, p < 0.001). Convergent validity using wrist actigraphy was demonstrated by correlations of 0.592 (p < 0.005) for bedtime, and of 0.769 (p < 0.001) for waketime. Diary studies indicated STQ bedtime and waketime data to be highly correlated (at about 0.8) with those obtained from a formal 2-week sleep diary. The STQ also provided data on estimated sleep latency and wake after sleep onset (WASO), which correlated reliably (at about 0.7) with average nightly ratings of these variables from a 2-week sleep diary. Mean estimated values of sleep latency and WASO from the two instruments were within 1 minute of each other. ST-derived bedtimes and waketimes correlated with both age and chronotype in the expected direction (older subjects earlier, morning types earlier). CONCLUSION: The STQ may be a reliable valid measure of sleep timing that could provide a time-efficient alternative to traditional sleep diaries.

  2. Predicting return of fear following exposure therapy with an implicit measure of attitudes.

    PubMed

    Vasey, Michael W; Harbaugh, Casaundra N; Buffington, Adam G; Jones, Christopher R; Fazio, Russell H

    2012-12-01

    We sought to advance understanding of the processes underlying the efficacy of exposure therapy and particularly the phenomenon of return of fear (ROF) following treatment by drawing on a social psychological view of phobias as attitudes. Specifically, a dual process theory of attitude-related behavior predicts that a positive response to exposure therapy may reflect change in either the automatic (the attitude representation itself) or controlled (skills and confidence at coping with the fear) responses to the phobic stimulus, or both. However, if the attitude representation remains negative following treatment, ROF should be more likely. We tested this hypothesis in a clinical sample of individuals with public speaking phobia using a single-session exposure therapy protocol previously shown to be efficacious but also associated with some ROF. Consistent with predictions, a post-treatment implicit measure of attitudes toward public speaking (the Personalized Implicit Association Test [PIAT]) predicted ROF at 1-month follow-up. These results suggest that change in the automatically activated attitude toward the phobic stimulus is an important goal of exposure therapy and that an implicit measure like the PIAT can provide a useful measure of such change by which to gauge the adequacy of exposure treatment and predict its long-term efficacy. PMID:23085186

  3. CALIBRATION OF AND ATTITUDE ERROR ESTIMATION FOR A SPACEBORNE SCATTEROMETER USING MEASUREMENTS OVER LAND

    E-print Network

    Long, David G.

    for calibra- tion validation of an on-line spaceborne radar system. The technique is extended to estimateCALIBRATION OF AND ATTITUDE ERROR ESTIMATION FOR A SPACEBORNE SCATTEROMETER USING MEASUREMENTS OVER was to measure radar backscatter over the world's oceans. These measurements are used to generate estimates

  4. Principles and methods of the attitude measurement based on x-ray pulsar scanner

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Sheng-liang; Gui, Xian-zhou; Xiao, Kai; Gui, Chen

    2011-08-01

    In this paper we investigate the attitude measurement based on X-ray pulsar scanner, the detection efficiency of X-ray pulsar scanner is described by the transfer function. We present the attitude measurement models of X-ray pulsar scanner, which is fit by Genetic Algorithms. The attitude angles of the spacecraft are gained by numerical simulation techniques. Firstly, the coordinate systems and the conversion matrices of the attitude measurement based on X-ray pulsars scanner are presented. The structure of the X-ray pulsar scanner is designed. The differences between X-ray pulsar scanner and the classic scanner are analyzed, and the advantages of X-ray pulsar scanner are discussed. The collimation process of X-ray pulsar collimator is analyzed, the transfer function of collimator is given. The detection efficiency of X-ray pulsar scanner is described accurately by the model of transfer function. The geometric projection angle of the pulsar in the instrument coordinate system is defined which are used to describe function of collimator. Secondly, by using the transfer function of collimator and spacecraft attitude dynamic equations, the mathematical model between the geometric projection angle and the spacecraft attitude angle is established. The described equation of X-ray photon curve is deduced by using the transfer function and the mathematical model. The photon curve recorded by scanner is fitted by the equation. The attitude measurement model based on X-ray pulsar scanner is obtained. This model is discrete mathematical model of optimization. The Genetic Algorithms is adapted for the discrete mathematical model of optimization. The model is optimized by Genetic Algorithms, and the unit vectors of pulsars in the instrument coordinate system are obtained. The spacecraft attitude angles are calculated finally by the double-vector method. Finally, the above models are verified by the numerical simulation. The feasibility and effectiveness of the attitude measurement based on X-ray pulsar scanner are shown by the simulation results. The X-ray pulsar signal is strong, and it is apt to be detected by small devices. Therefore, the spacecraft payload is reduced. The natural X-ray signal is not susceptible to man-made disturbance. The safety and autonomy of the spacecraft are enhanced. This paper provides a new technique for spacecraft attitude measurement.

  5. [The importance of relationship satisfaction and the questionnaire techniques of its measurement].

    PubMed

    Vajda, Dóra; Sz Makó, Hajnalka

    2014-01-01

    The quality of marriage or partnership has an impact on many areas of life. Consequently, a good working relationship can be a significant resource to cope with difficult life situations and stress, and may contribute to partners' well-being and healthy lifestyle. Therefore, its investigation has particular relevance. Relationship satisfaction is a complex concept which is confirmed by both diversity and multidimensionality of its definition. The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the importance of relationship satisfaction, inter- and intrapersonal factors influencing its development, its changes over family life cycles and the gender differences that may manifest in relationship satisfaction. In addition, this review summarizes the questionnaire techniques of measuring relationship satisfaction which are also reflected within the complexity and the diversity of the concept. Given the fact that the degree of relationship satisfaction plays a salient role in many aspects of life, the empirical research findings which emphasize the importance of this conception can serve as an alternative to aim the mobilization of its practical work. PMID:25411228

  6. The measurement of principled morality by the Kohlberg Moral Dilemma Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Heilbrun, A B; Georges, M

    1990-01-01

    The four stages preceding the postconventional level in the Kohlberg (1958, 1971, 1976) system of moral development are described as involving moral judgments that conform to external conditions of punishment, reward, social expectation, and conformity to the law. No special level of self-control seems necessary to behave in keeping with these conditions of external reinforcement. In contrast, the two stages of postconventional (principled) mortality involve defiance of majority opinion and defiance of the law--actions that would seem to require greater self-control. This study was concerned with whether postconventional moral reasoning, as measured by the Kohlberg Moral Dilemma Questionnaire (MDQ), can be associated with higher self-control. If so, prediction of principled moral behavior from the MDQ would be based not only on postconventional moral reasoning but bolstered by the necessary level of self-control as well. College students who came the closest to postconventional moral reasoning showed better self-control than college students who were more conventional or preconventional in their moral judgments. These results support the validity of the MDQ for predicting principled moral behavior. PMID:2231238

  7. Dynamic response tests of inertial and optical wind-tunnel model attitude measurement devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Buehrle, R. D.; Young, C. P., Jr.; Burner, A. W.; Tripp, J. S.; Tcheng, P.; Finley, T. D.; Popernack, T. G., Jr.

    1995-01-01

    Results are presented for an experimental study of the response of inertial and optical wind-tunnel model attitude measurement systems in a wind-off simulated dynamic environment. This study is part of an ongoing activity at the NASA Langley Research Center to develop high accuracy, advanced model attitude measurement systems that can be used in a dynamic wind-tunnel environment. This activity was prompted by the inertial model attitude sensor response observed during high levels of model vibration which results in a model attitude measurement bias error. Significant bias errors in model attitude measurement were found for the measurement using the inertial device during wind-off dynamic testing of a model system. The amount of bias present during wind-tunnel tests will depend on the amplitudes of the model dynamic response and the modal characteristics of the model system. Correction models are presented that predict the vibration-induced bias errors to a high degree of accuracy for the vibration modes characterized in the simulated dynamic environment. The optical system results were uncorrupted by model vibration in the laboratory setup.

  8. 3D movement and attitude measurement of objects with image sequence analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ding, Xiaohua; Yu, Qifeng; Cao, Yong

    2003-04-01

    A method to measure the 3D movement and attitude of a moving object based on the theory of optical measurement is introduced. In order to measure the 3D movement and attitude of a moving object, the method uses cameras to take image sequences of the moving object and extracts the information of the moving object in the images. The extracted information mainly consists of the object edges and the cooperative man-made marks, such as ellipses, lines, angles and the ratio of length over width etc., instead of points in traditional methods.

  9. Anaesthetists' attitudes to teamwork and safety.

    PubMed

    Flin, R; Fletcher, G; McGeorge, P; Sutherland, A; Patey, R

    2003-03-01

    A questionnaire survey was conducted with 222 anaesthetists from 11 Scottish hospitals to measure their attitudes towards human and organisational factors that can have an impact on effective team performance and consequently on patient safety. A customised version of the Operating Room Management Attitude Questionnaire (ORMAQ) was used. This measures attitudes to leadership, communication, teamwork, stress and fatigue, work values, human error and organisational climate. The respondents generally demonstrated positive attitudes towards the interpersonal aspects of their work, such as team behaviours and they recognised the importance of communication skills, such as assertiveness. However, the results suggest that some anaesthetists do not fully appreciate the debilitating effects of stress and fatigue on performance. Their responses were comparable with (and slightly more favourable than) those reported in previous ORMAQ surveys of anaesthetists and surgeons in other countries. PMID:12603453

  10. Attitude Determination Using a MEMS-Based Flight Information Measurement Unit

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Der-Ming; Shiau, Jaw-Kuen; Wang, I.-Chiang; Lin, Yu-Heng

    2012-01-01

    Obtaining precise attitude information is essential for aircraft navigation and control. This paper presents the results of the attitude determination using an in-house designed low-cost MEMS-based flight information measurement unit. This study proposes a quaternion-based extended Kalman filter to integrate the traditional quaternion and gravitational force decomposition methods for attitude determination algorithm. The proposed extended Kalman filter utilizes the evolution of the four elements in the quaternion method for attitude determination as the dynamic model, with the four elements as the states of the filter. The attitude angles obtained from the gravity computations and from the electronic magnetic sensors are regarded as the measurement of the filter. The immeasurable gravity accelerations are deduced from the outputs of the three axes accelerometers, the relative accelerations, and the accelerations due to body rotation. The constraint of the four elements of the quaternion method is treated as a perfect measurement and is integrated into the filter computation. Approximations of the time-varying noise variances of the measured signals are discussed and presented with details through Taylor series expansions. The algorithm is intuitive, easy to implement, and reliable for long-term high dynamic maneuvers. Moreover, a set of flight test data is utilized to demonstrate the success and practicality of the proposed algorithm and the filter design. PMID:22368455

  11. Attitude determination using a MEMS-based flight information measurement unit.

    PubMed

    Ma, Der-Ming; Shiau, Jaw-Kuen; Wang, I-Chiang; Lin, Yu-Heng

    2012-01-01

    Obtaining precise attitude information is essential for aircraft navigation and control. This paper presents the results of the attitude determination using an in-house designed low-cost MEMS-based flight information measurement unit. This study proposes a quaternion-based extended Kalman filter to integrate the traditional quaternion and gravitational force decomposition methods for attitude determination algorithm. The proposed extended Kalman filter utilizes the evolution of the four elements in the quaternion method for attitude determination as the dynamic model, with the four elements as the states of the filter. The attitude angles obtained from the gravity computations and from the electronic magnetic sensors are regarded as the measurement of the filter. The immeasurable gravity accelerations are deduced from the outputs of the three axes accelerometers, the relative accelerations, and the accelerations due to body rotation. The constraint of the four elements of the quaternion method is treated as a perfect measurement and is integrated into the filter computation. Approximations of the time-varying noise variances of the measured signals are discussed and presented with details through Taylor series expansions. The algorithm is intuitive, easy to implement, and reliable for long-term high dynamic maneuvers. Moreover, a set of flight test data is utilized to demonstrate the success and practicality of the proposed algorithm and the filter design. PMID:22368455

  12. The bogus pipeline: A new paradigm for measuring affect and attitude

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward E. Jones; Harold Sigall

    1971-01-01

    Considers that, if ss can be convinced that a physiological monitoring device is able to measure both the amplitude and direction of emotional response, their subsequent attempts to predict what the machine says about their attitudes should be uncontaminated by many of the biases that obscure paper-and-pencil measures. 4 experiments are described in which variations of this \\

  13. Validation of Acceptance of Coercive Sexual Behavior (ACSB). A Multimedia Measure of Adolescent Dating Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teten, Andra L.; Hall, Gordon C. Nagayama; Pacifici, Caesar

    2005-01-01

    The psychometric properties of the Acceptance of Coercive Sexual Behavior (ACSB), a multimedia measure of adolescent dating attitudes, were examined. The ACSB is an interactive instrument that uses video vignettes to depict adolescent dating situations. Analyses of the measure's factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and…

  14. Attitude Determination for Satellites in the INTERBALL Project from a Limited Set of Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eismont, N. A.; Khrapchenkov, V. V.; Belova, I. E.; Ryazanova, E. E.; Kosik, J. Cl.

    2002-01-01

    The determination of the orientation of satellites in the INTERBALL project from a limited set of measurements is discussed. It is shown that the full set of attitude parameters can be obtained by processing only the solar sensor data. The accuracy of corresponding parameters is estimated from alternative measurements.

  15. Measuring Students' Emotions in the Early Years: The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School (AEQ-ES)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; Pekrun, Reinhard; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Reiss, Kristina; Murayama, Kou

    2012-01-01

    This article reports about the development and validation of a measurement instrument assessing elementary school students' achievement emotions (Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School, AEQ-ES). Specifically, the instrument assesses students' enjoyment, anxiety, and boredom pertaining to three types of academic settings (i.e.,…

  16. The Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ): Psychometric properties of a measure of severity of the Night Eating Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kelly C. Allison; Jennifer D. Lundgren; John P. O'Reardon; Nicole S. Martino; David B. Sarwer; Thomas A. Wadden; Ross D. Crosby; Scott G. Engel; Albert J. Stunkard

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) as a measure of severity of the Night Eating Syndrome (NES). The 14-item NEQ assesses the behavioral and psychological symptoms of NES. The NEQ was evaluated in three samples: 1980 persons who completed the NEQ on the Internet; 81 persons diagnosed with NES; and 194 bariatric surgery

  17. Personal Authority in the Family System: Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Personal Authority in Intergenerational Family Processes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bray, James H.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Reports a series of studies in the development of the Personal Authority in the Family System (PAFS) questionnaire, designed to measure family processes based on aspects of current intergenerational family theory. Results indicated that the scales have good internal consistency, and test-retest reliability, and supported construct validity. (JAC)

  18. The women's health questionnaire: A measure of mid-aged women's perceptions of their emotional and physical health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Myra Hunter

    1992-01-01

    When assessing mood and general health of mid-aged women, the effects of hormonal changes (and resulting symptoms such as hot flushes) and changes associated with age (such as in sleep patterns) can confound the results. A questionnaire was specifically developed to measure subjective reports of emotional and physical well-being of women aged 45 to 65 years. The relationships between symptoms

  19. A short dutch questionnaire to measure fruit and vegetable intake: relative validity among adults and adolescents.

    PubMed

    Van Assema, Patricia; Brug, Johannes; Ronda, Gaby; Steenhuis, Ingrid; Oenema, Anke

    2002-01-01

    A short food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to assess fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake was validated. Forty-nine adults and fifty-one adolescents (12-18 years old) completed the FFQ at home, and subsequently kept diet records for seven successive days. Mean daily intake of F&V was overestimated by the FFQ as compared to the 7-day diet records. For adults, spearman correlations of at least 0.5 were observed between the two methods for intake of total fruit and intake of citrus fruit. For adolescents, acceptable spearman correlations (0.53-0.64) were observed between the two methods for total F&V intake, total fruit intake and consumption of fruit juice. Low correlations (0.22-0.35) between the FFQ and the diet records were found for vegetable intake. Relatively large percentages (22-37%) of respondents were incorrectly classified by the short FFQ as eating according to the Dutch recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. Based on the results of the present study as well as an overview of the results of 34 earlier validation studies of F&V FFQ's, it is concluded that the available FFQ's have only limited capability to make valid assessment of F&V intake levels. In spite of the practical advantages of the short FFQ tested in the present study and the similar validity scores as compared with other often used F&V FFQ's, it needs further revision, especially to be used for valid measurement of vegetable intake as well as total F&V intake among adults. PMID:12102370

  20. Patient reported outcome measures for cardiac ablation procedures: a multicentre pilot to develop a new questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Withers, Kathleen L.; White, Judith; Carolan-Rees, Grace; Patrick, Hannah; O'Callaghan, Peter; Murray, Stephen; Cunningham, David; Wood, Kathryn A.; Lencioni, Mauro; Griffith, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Aim To assess the feasibility of administering Patient Reported Outcomes Measures (PROMs) in patients treated with ablation for cardiac arrhythmias, and to conduct the first stage of development and testing of a new PROM tool. Methods and results A new tool was developed by a multidisciplinary team and tested alongside an adaptation of the patient perception of arrhythmia questionnaire (PPAQ) and EQ-5D-5L in a multicentre retrospective audit involving 791 consecutive cardiac arrhythmia patients treated with catheter ablation at three UK centres over 13 months. Data were recorded in the National Cardiac Rhythm Management Database, part of the National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research. The response rate was 71.9% (n = 569). Patients reported significant improvements across all outcomes and impacts, with reductions in symptoms of 51.7% (heart racing), 33.9% (fatigue) 31.8% (heart flutters), 43.5% (dizziness), 38.6% (breathlessness), 44.2% (chest pressure), 33.1% (trouble concentrating), 15.9% (headache), 28.3% (neck pressure), and 23.4% (fainting) (P < 0.001). The mean number of social days affected reduced by 7.49 days/month (P < 0.001); mean work/school days affected/month reduced by 6.26 (P < 0.001); mean GP/hospital visits reduced by 1.36 days/month (P < 0.001). The procedure met patient expectations in 72% of responders. Conclusions The high response rate suggests that the use of PROMs in this patient group is feasible, with rates equalling those of the National PROMs Programme. The results showed that patients experienced significant improvements in their quality of life following ablation, while feedback allowed the tools to be improved. Further work is required to validate these tools; however, the findings suggest that PROMs could be useful in the audit of ablation techniques. PMID:24627541

  1. Translation of Questionnaires Measuring Health Related Quality of Life Is Not Standardized: A Literature Based Research Study

    PubMed Central

    Danielsen, Anne Kjaergaard; Pommergaard, Hans-Christian; Burcharth, Jakob; Angenete, Eva; Rosenberg, Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Introduction There is growing awareness of the need to explore patient reported outcomes in clinical trials. In the Scandinavian Surgical Outcomes Research Group we are conducting several clinical trials in cooperation between Danish and Swedish surgical researchers, and we use questionnaires aimed at patients from both countries. In relation to this and similar international cooperation, the validity and reliability of translated questionnaires are central aspects. Main Objectives The purpose of this study was to explore which methodological measures were used in studies reporting translation of questionnaires. Furthermore, we wanted to make some methodological suggestions for clinical researchers who are faced with having to translate a questionnaire. Material and Methods We designed a research study based on a survey of the literature and extracted data from published studies reporting the methodological process when translating questionnaires on health related quality of life for different diseases. Results We retrieved 187 studies and out of theses we included 52 studies. The psychometric properties of the translated versions were validated using different tests. The focus was on internal validity (96%), reliability (67%) criterion validity (81%), and construct validity (62%). For internal validity Cronbach's alpha was used in 94% of the studies. Conclusions This study shows that there seems to be a consensus regarding the translation process (especially for internal validity) although most researchers did not use a translation guide. Moreover, we recommended that clinical researchers should consider three steps covering the process of translation, the qualitative validation as well as the quantitative validation. PMID:25965447

  2. Measuring teacher attitudes and expectations toward students with ADHD: Development of the Test of Knowledge About ADHD (KADD)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. M. Hepperlen; D. L. Clay; G. A. Henly; C. R. Barké; T. Michael Hehperlen

    2002-01-01

    Objective: The attitudes, expectations, and behaviors of teachers toward children with Attention-Deficit\\/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may have a lasting impact on the academic self-efficacy and success of students with ADHD. Yet, to date there exists no standardized measure of teacher attitudes or expectations toward children with ADHD. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure teacher attitudes

  3. Measuring potential predictors of burnout and engagement among young veterinary professionals; construction of a customised questionnaire (the Vet-DRQ).

    PubMed

    Mastenbroek, N J J M; Demerouti, E; van Beukelen, P; Muijtjens, A M M; Scherpbier, A J J A; Jaarsma, A D C

    2014-02-15

    The Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R model) was used as the theoretical basis of a tailormade questionnaire to measure the psychosocial work environment and personal resources of recently graduated veterinary professionals. According to the JD-R model, two broad categories of work characteristics that determine employee wellbeing can be distinguished: job demands and job resources. Recently, the JD-R model has been expanded by integrating personal resource measures into the model. Three semistructured group interviews with veterinarians active in different work domains were conducted to identify relevant job demands, job resources and personal resources. These demands and resources were organised in themes (constructs). For measurement purposes, a set of questions ('a priori scale') was selected from the literature for each theme. The full set of a priori scales was included in a questionnaire that was administered to 1760 veterinary professionals. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis were conducted to arrive at the final set of validated scales (final scales). 860 veterinarians (73 per cent females) participated. The final set of scales consisted of seven job demands scales (32 items), nine job resources scales (41 items), and six personal resources scales (26 items) which were considered to represent the most relevant potential predictors of work-related wellbeing in this occupational group. The procedure resulted in a tailormade questionnaire: the Veterinary Job Demands and Resources Questionnaire (Vet-DRQ). The use of valid theory and validated scales enhances opportunities for comparative national and international research. PMID:24306198

  4. Flying attitude measurement of projectile using high speed photography and 3D digital image correlation technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeng, Xiangfu; Ma, Shaopeng

    2011-11-01

    To track a projectile and then to obtain its flying attitude is very important for the design and control of high-speed projectile. In order to measure the attitude of projectile, a high-speed binocular stereo vision system with digital image correlation technique (H3D-DIC) is designed and constructed by using two different types of high-speed cameras. And, the correlation program which is able to correct image magnification and pixel size parameters of different types of cameras is completed. Finally, an experiment to track a flying arrow is performed and the profile of the arrow body is measured. Based on the experimental result, the flying attitude of the flying arrow is analyzed. The experiment verifies validity of the H3D-DIC system.

  5. The relationships among marital satisfaction, parental depression, childrearing attitudes, and perceived child behaviors in an upper-middle class sample

    E-print Network

    Bowling, Belynda Jayne

    1988-01-01

    APPENDICES 70 75 76 77 87 A -- Letter and Questionnaire Sent to Random Sample B -- Second Letter and Questionnaires Sent to 87 VITA Eligible Parents 90 108 viii LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1. Nean Scores for Parents on the NPAS Page 38 2. Mean... ? report questionnaire developed by the author. A copy is included in Appendix B. 31 'n at Childrearing attitudes were measured using the Naryland Parent Attitude Survey (MPAS) (Pumroy, 1966). The NPAS uses a forced choice format which controls...

  6. Need for cognitive closure and politics: Voting, political attitudes and attributional style

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonio Chirumbolo; Alessandra Areni; Gilda Sensales

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of dispositional Need for Cognitive Closure (NFC) on different political attitudes and on the “person blame” and the “system blame” dimensions. Two hundred and thirty-four psychology students completed a questionnaire containing the Italian version of the Need for Closure scale, a measure of political and ideological attitudes, a measure of the person-system blame dimensions, and

  7. Attitudes to teamwork, leadership, and stress in oil industry drilling teams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Crichton

    2005-01-01

    Attitude questionnaires have been used in settings such as aviation and medicine to measure the human and organisational factors that impact on team performance and safety. This study set out to measure attitudes to teamwork, leadership, and stress in oil industry drilling teams (n=91), across roles categorised as Decision makers, Evaluators, and Implementers. The offshore oil drilling environment comprises a

  8. Measuring patient satisfaction: three years' data and experience of using a validated patient questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Challenor, Rachel; Perry, Ryan

    2015-08-01

    A validated patient satisfaction questionnaire for use in sexual health clinics was run throughout the southwest region (the UK) three times over three years (13 clinics in January 2012 and 12/13 clinics in January 2013 and the same 12 clinics again in January 2014). The questionnaire covered aspects of pre-appointment, performance of health care professionals, facilities, privacy, respectful communication, information on leaving and overall experience. Data from 1750 questionnaires are presented with means and 95% confidence intervals. Patients under the age of 25 were less likely to rate care as excellent and/or very good (P?=?0.001) compared with those above the age of 25. There was no difference in satisfaction levels according to gender or sexual orientation. Time in clinic was strongly associated with satisfaction levels - those in clinic for over 90?min expressed less satisfaction (P?=?0.0005). We hope that other clinics may find it useful to use the validated questionnaire to look at their own performance and compare it against the southwest data. The main value is to identify areas where changes to service delivery could translate into improved practice and improved satisfaction, particularly where performance is identified as less than the 95% confidence intervals. PMID:25122579

  9. The menstrual symptom questionnaire and spasmodic\\/congestive dysmenorrhea: Measurement of an invalid construct

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandra K. Webster; Harry J. Martin; Deborah Uchalik; Linda Gannon

    1979-01-01

    Chesney and Tasto's (1975a) Menstrual Symptom Questionnaire (MSQ) was developed on the basis of Dalton 's theory of spasmodic and congestive dysmenorrhea, which states that the two types are caused by opposite hormonal imbalances and therefore should not be found in the same woman. Evidence is offered which suggests that the theory is incorrect. A multiple-group factor analysis failed to

  10. A Comparative Investigation of the BigCAT and Erickson S-24 Measures of Speech-Associated Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanryckeghem, Martine; Brutten, Gene J.

    2012-01-01

    The BigCAT and the Erickson S-24, self-report measures of communication attitude, were administered in a randomly determined order to 72 adults who stuttered (PWS) and 72 who did not (PWNS). The two groups of participants differed from each other to a statistically significant extent on both of these measures of speech-associated attitude,…

  11. The development and validation of a knowledge, attitude and behaviour questionnaire to assess undergraduate evidence-based practice teaching and learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janice M Johnston; Gabriel M Leung; Richard Fielding; Keith Y K Tin; Lai-Ming Ho

    2003-01-01

    Objectives Most evidence-based practice (EBP) edu- cational assessment tools evaluated to date have focused on specific knowledge components or tech- nical skills. Other important potential barriers to the adoption of EBP, such as attitudinal, perceptual and behavioural factors, have yet to be studied, especially in the undergraduate setting. Therefore, we devel- oped and validated a knowledge, attitude and beha- viour

  12. Evidence Based-Practice and Affect: The Impact of Physician Attitudes on Outcomes Associated with Clinical Reasoning and Decision-Making

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunphy, Bruce; Dunphy, Stacey; Cantwell, Robert; Bourke, Sid; Fleming, Mark

    2010-01-01

    The relationship between obstetrician attitudes and patient outcomes from intrapartum care was examined. Obstetrician attitudes were assessed utilizing a newly-designed pilot 35-item obstetrician attitude questionnaire (OAQ). Twelve obstetricians completed the OAQ, who provided intra-partum care to 4,149 women. Outcome measures included delivery…

  13. Can Stereotype Threat Be Measured? A Validation of the Social Identities and Attitudes Scale (SIAS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Picho, Katherine; Brown, Scott W.

    2011-01-01

    This study reported the development and validation of the Social Identities and Attitudes Scale (SIAS), a stereotype threat susceptibility measure. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses conducted with college students indicate that the scale possesses strong psychometric properties. The SIAS explained 65% of the variance in the items…

  14. Output attitude control of flexible spacecraft from quaternion measures: a passivity approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Di Gennaro

    1998-01-01

    A dynamic controller is derived for a spacecraft with flexible appendages. The control aim is to design a control law that, using only attitude measures, allows for performing large angle manoeuvres. The approach is based on passivity concepts and the resulting controller ensures the asymptotic satisfaction of the control objectives and gives also estimates of the modal variables converging to

  15. THE MEASUREMENT OF ATTITUDES TOWARD AFRICANS: A UNIDIMENSIONAL SCALE WITH HIGH DISCRIMINATING POWER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. M. COLMAN

    The requirements of a sophisticated scale for measuring attitudes toward Africans are outlined, and the need for such a scale is emphasized. An account is given of the construc­ tion of a scale by means of a procedure based on a modification of the scale-discrimina­ tion technique. The procedure included Thurstone scaling, item analysis and scalogram analysis, and resulted in

  16. Reliability and Validity Testing of a New Scale for Measuring Attitudes toward Learning Statistics with Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anastasiadou, Sofia D.

    2011-01-01

    The aims of this paper are to determine the validity and reliability of SASTSc scale as an instrument to measure students' attitudes that monitors affective components relevant to learning the disciple of statistics with the help of technology and its impact on students' career in a Greek sample. Initially, it consisted of 28 items concerning 5…

  17. The Effects of Leadership Styles and Use of Performance Measures on Managerial Work-Related Attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Hartmann; David Naranjo-Gil; Paolo Perego

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the effects of superiors’ performance evaluation behaviors on subordinates’ work-related attitudes. In response to critique on the multidimensional nature of the ‘supervisory style’ construct in the RAPM literature, we argue that the two dominant dimensions underlying this construct are leadership style and performance measure use. We develop and test a path model that allows us

  18. Measuring Student Attitude and Knowledge in Technology-Rich Biology Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Incantalupo, Lisa; Treagust, David F.; Koul, Rekha

    2014-01-01

    The use of technology in schools is now ubiquitous, but the effectiveness on the learning environment has mixed results. This paper describes the development and validation of an instrument to measure students' attitudes toward and knowledge of technology with the aim of investigating any differences based on gender after a course where the…

  19. Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Robert Baxter; Stern, Marc J.; Krohn, Brian D.; Ardoin, Nicole

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures to develop and validate scales to measure environmental responsibility, character development and leadership, and attitudes toward school for environmental education programs servicing middle school children. The scales represent outcomes commonly of interest to…

  20. Validity of a Scale to Measure Teachers' Attitudes towards Sex Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Almeida Reis, Maria Helena; Vilar, Duarte Goncalo Rei

    2006-01-01

    Despite the current legislation requiring sex education as part of the school curriculum in Portugal, great obstacles to its implementation remain. Furthermore, sex education is far from being systematically administered. Thus, the main interest in our project was to validate a scale that measures teachers' attitudes towards sex education. There…

  1. Determination of Foton M-2 satellite attitude motion by the data of microacceleration measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beuselinck, T.; van Bavinchove, C.; Sazonov, V. V.; Chebukov, S. Yu.

    2009-12-01

    The results of reconstruction of uncontrolled attitude motion of the Foton M-2 satellite using measurements with the accelerometer TAS-3 are presented. The attitude motion of this satellite has been previously determined by the measurement data of the Earth’s magnetic field and the angular velocity. The TAS-3 data for this purpose are used for the first time. These data contain a well-pronounced additional component which made impossible their direct employment for the reconstruction of the attitude motion and whose origin was unknown several years ago. Later it has become known that the additional component is caused by the influence of the Earth’s magnetic field. The disclosure of this fact allowed us to take into account a necessary correction in processing of TAS-3 data and to use them for the reconstruction of the attitude motion of Foton M-2. Here, a modified method of processing TAS-3 data is described, as well as results of its testing and employing. The testing consisted in the direct comparison of the motion reconstructed by the new method with the motion constructed by the magnetic measurements. The new method allowed us to find the actual motion of Foton M-2 in the period June 9, 2005-June 14, 2005, when no magnetic measurements were carried out.

  2. Development of Psychometric Measures of Student Attitudes Toward Technical Training: Reliability and Factorial Validity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federico, Pat-Anthony

    This reported investigation is the Phase I effort of a task which undertakes to develop a new student critique form for Air Training Command (ATC). Specifically, it deals with the identification of valid and reliable psychometric measures of student attitudes toward Air Force technical training. Two critique form prototypes were developed using a…

  3. Measuring User Beliefs and Attitudes towards Conceptual Models: A Factor and Structural Equation Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann Maes; Geert Poels; Frederik Gailly; Roland Paemeleire

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a tentative model of user beliefs and attitudes towards conceptual models applying the ideas of Theory of Reasoned Action (Fishbein and Ajzen, 1975) in a conceptual modeling context. We focus on users perceptions of conceptual model quality and investigate the relations between perceived semantic quality and perceived pragmatic quality measures. Given the growing awareness among researchers and

  4. The Application of an Unfolding Model of the PIRT Type to the Measurement of Attitude.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrich, David

    1988-01-01

    A simple probabilistic model for unfolding data collected by a direct response design in which responses were scored dichotomously was applied to the measurement of attitudes toward capital punishment. Responses conformed to the unfolding mechanism. Scale values of the statements were statistically equivalent to those of Thurstone's methods. (SLD)

  5. Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure University Students' Biotechnology Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erdogan, Mehmet; Ozel, Murat; Usak, Muhammet; Prokop, Pavol

    2009-01-01

    The impact of biotechnologies on peoples' everyday lives continuously increases. Measuring young peoples' attitudes toward biotechnologies is therefore very important and its results are useful not only for science curriculum developers and policy makers, but also for producers and distributors of genetically modified products. Despite of…

  6. Measurement of Students Attitude towards Statistics: A Mokken Scales Analysis of Its Dimensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vargas-Vargas, Manuel; Mondéjar-Jiménez, José; Meseguer-Santamaría, María-Leticia; Montero-Lorenzo, José-María; Fernández-Avilés, Gema

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, almost all curricula in the social sciences contain at least one course in statistics, given the importance of this discipline as a basic knowledge to understand the modern world. It's necessary reflects on the student's attitude to statistics, because it's could be an obstacle or an advantage in their learning process. To measure the…

  7. Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) attitude measurements of the Interplanetary Dust Experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kassel, Philip C., Jr.; Motley, William R., III; Singer, S. Fred; Mulholland, J. Derral; Oliver, John P.; Weinberg, Jerry L.; Cooke, William J.; Wortman, Jim J.

    1993-01-01

    Analysis of the data from the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) Interplanetary Dust Experiment (IDE) sun sensors has allowed a confirmation of the attitude of LDEF during its first year in orbit. Eight observations of the yaw angle at specific times were made and are tabulated in this paper. These values range from 4.3 to 12.4 deg with maximum uncertainty of plus or minus 2.0 deg and an average of 7.9 deg. No specific measurements of pitch or roll were made but the data indicates that LDEF had an average pitch down attitude of less than 0.7 deg.

  8. Measuring students' perceptions of plagiarism: modification and Rasch validation of a plagiarism attitude scale.

    PubMed

    Howard, Steven J; Ehrich, John F; Walton, Russell

    2014-01-01

    Plagiarism is a significant area of concern in higher education, given university students' high self-reported rates of plagiarism. However, research remains inconsistent in prevalence estimates and suggested precursors of plagiarism. This may be a function of the unclear psychometric properties of the measurement tools adopted. To investigate this, we modified an existing plagiarism scale (to broaden its scope), established its psychometric properties using traditional (EFA, Cronbach's alpha) and modern (Rasch analysis) survey evaluation approaches, and examined results of well-functioning items. Results indicated that traditional and modern psychometric approaches differed in their recommendations. Further, responses indicated that although most respondents acknowledged the seriousness of plagiarism, these attitudes were neither unanimous nor consistent across the range of issues assessed. This study thus provides rigorous psychometric testing of a plagiarism attitude scale and baseline data from which to begin a discussion of contextual, personal, and external factors that influence students' plagiarism attitudes. PMID:25232671

  9. The Effect of Implicitly Incentivized Faking on Explicit and Implicit Measures of Doping Attitude: When Athletes Want to Pretend an Even More Negative Attitude to Doping

    PubMed Central

    Wolff, Wanja; Schindler, Sebastian; Brand, Ralf

    2015-01-01

    The Implicit Association Test (IAT) aims to measure participants’ automatic evaluation of an attitude object and is useful especially for the measurement of attitudes related to socially sensitive subjects, e.g. doping in sports. Several studies indicate that IAT scores can be faked on instruction. But fully or semi-instructed research scenarios might not properly reflect what happens in more realistic situations, when participants secretly decide to try faking the test. The present study is the first to investigate IAT faking when there is only an implicit incentive to do so. Sixty-five athletes (22.83 years ± 2.45; 25 women) were randomly assigned to an incentive-to-fake condition or a control condition. Participants in the incentive-to-fake condition were manipulated to believe that athletes with lenient doping attitudes would be referred to a tedious 45-minute anti-doping program. Attitudes were measured with the pictorial doping brief IAT (BIAT) and with the Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS). A one-way MANOVA revealed significant differences between conditions after the manipulation in PEAS scores, but not in the doping BIAT. In the light of our hypothesis this suggests that participants successfully faked an exceedingly negative attitude to doping when completing the PEAS, but were unsuccessful in doing so on the reaction time-based test. This study assessed BIAT faking in a setting that aimed to resemble a situation in which participants want to hide their attempts to cheat. The two measures of attitude were differentially affected by the implicit incentive. Our findings provide evidence that the pictorial doping BIAT is relatively robust against spontaneous and naïve faking attempts. (B)IATs might be less prone to faking than implied by previous studies. PMID:25902142

  10. Adolescent Nicotine Dependence Measured by the Modified Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire at Two Time Points

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander V. Prokhorov; Laura M. Koehly; Unto E. Pallonen; Karen Suchanek Hudmon

    1998-01-01

    Within the framework of a computer-assisted smoking pevention and cessation program, high school students completed a modified version of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) as part of two in-class computerized survey sessions (Sessions I and II) spaced two months apart. Seventy-eight 10th, 11th and 12th grade smokers (at least 1 cigarette\\/week) who have completed both computer sessions were included in

  11. The Social Functioning Questionnaire: A Rapid and Robust Measure of Perceived Functioning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Tyrer; Ula Nur; Mike Crawford; Saffron Karlsen; Claire Mclean; Bharti Rao; Tony Johnson

    2005-01-01

    Background: The Social Functioning Questionnaire (SFQ), an eight-item selfreport scale (score range 0–24), was developed from the Social Functioning Schedule (SFS), a semi-structured interview which has been used primarily with non-psychotic patients and has good test-retest and inter-rater reliability as well as construct validity. The SFQ was developed following the need for a quick assessment of perceived social function.Aims: To

  12. The Attitudes toward Prostitutes and Prostitution Scale: A New Tool for Measuring Public Attitudes toward Prostitutes and Prostitution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Lia; Peled, Einat

    2011-01-01

    Contemporary developments in social attitudes toward prostitution and prostitutes influence both social policies and the social work profession. Understanding individuals' attitudes toward these issues is necessary for the development of social interventions and policies aimed at reducing stigmata attached to them. This article describes a new…

  13. Adaptive attitude control of spacecraft without velocity measurements using Chebyshev neural network

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, An-Min; Kumar, Krishna Dev

    2010-03-01

    This paper proposes an adaptive neural controller for the attitude tracking control of a rigid spacecraft without angular velocity measurements and in the presence of an unknown mass moment of inertia matrix and external disturbances. The modified Rodrigues parameters are employed for the representation of spacecraft attitude. The system uncertainty, which may include unknown mass moment of inertia matrix and external disturbances, is estimated by introducing a Chebyshev neural network. The controller is designed by incorporating a filtering technique to generate a pseudo-velocity tracking error signal from attitude angle measurements into the exiting adaptive neural network control scheme using the Chebyshev neural network. The uniform ultimate boundedness of all signals in the closed-loop system is guaranteed by the Lyapunov approach. The proposed controller is robust not only to structured uncertainty such as unknown mass moment of inertia matrix but also to understructured uncertainty such as external disturbances. Results of the numerical simulations state that the proposed controller is successful in achieving high attitude performance in presence of system parameter uncertainties and external disturbances.

  14. Precise Attitude Determination for RendezVous and Docking by Information Fusion of Laser Range Finder Measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roland Strietzel

    2002-01-01

    For the docking of spacecrafts a highly precise attitude and position control is necessary. This requires an adequate measurement of the relative position and attitude of the docking spacecrafts. Here is presented, how a rendezvous and docking sensor (RVS) consisting of a laser range finder (LRF) with a scanning mirror system and a set of retro reflectors can be used

  15. The Reliability and Validity of a Scale To Measure Teachers' Attitudes toward Integration, in an Australian Context.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Clare; Pratt, Chris

    This paper investigated the reliability and construct validity of a 30-item scale in measuring the attitudes of teachers in Australia toward the integration of handicapped children into regular schools. The Attitude Toward Mainstreaming Scale, which was designed by Larrivee and Cook (1979), has been used in evaluation studies in the United Sates…

  16. Confirmatory Factor Analysis for Testing Validity and Reliability of Traditional Knowledge Scale to Measure University Students' Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ugulu, Ilker

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on the confirmatory factor analysis for testing validity and reliability of Traditional Knowledge Attitude Scale (TKAS) to measure university students' attitudes. The items in the TKAS were developed initially from the responses to two open-ended items by 30 university students and literature review on traditional…

  17. Measurement of student attitudes in first year engineering - A mixed methods approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Malik, Qaiser Hameed

    This research study focused on freshman attitudes towards engineering in a newly implemented cornerstone sequence that emphasized holistic design experiences. The students' initial attitudes and changes in these attitudes were examined with the explanatory mixed methods approach that allows a sequential examination of the target population with two methods, using two sets of data, to investigate the treatment effects. In the quantitative phase, the study compared changes in freshman attitude towards engineering, between the new 'design sequence' group (composed of freshmen in the cornerstone sequence) and the prior 'traditional sequence' group (composed of all other freshmen), over the course of one semester. The data were collected in fall 2008 at two time intervals and changes in the two groups' attitudes were examined with repeated measures analysis of covariance models. The analyses reported here include data from 389 students out of the total population of 722 freshmen. The analyses revealed that engineering freshmen joined the program with positive or strongly positive attitudes towards engineering. Those strong attitudes were durable and resistant to change. Students in the design sequence group had higher ACT scores, enjoyed math and science the most, and did not believe engineering to be an exact science. However, no appreciable time-group interaction was observed. To validate the quantitative results, an interview protocol was developed to investigate initial freshman attitudes and changes, if any, that took place as a result of the new cornerstone sequence. One-on-one interviews with a sample of ten students out of the population of 272 freshmen revealed that freshmen in the cornerstone sequence entered the program full of enthusiasm and idealism, and with strongly positive attitudes towards engineering. The strong motivational factors included parental/teacher influences, childhood motivations, and high school extra-curricular experiences. The participants appreciated the team work and problem solving aspects of engineering; however, they reported negative experiences in the cornerstone sequence. Interestingly, their overall perception about engineering was not affected by any of the negative experiences. The qualitative phase substantiated the belief that strong attitudes are harder to change; they are durable, they have impact, and they are not significantly affected by a short treatment. The results of this mixed methods study indicate that changing student attitudes may not be an easy task. One must develop a better understanding of student attitudes in order to improve understanding of the fine-grained details of curriculum and its implementation to be able to develop more effective cornerstone design courses. Clearly, tight and focused quantitative studies complemented with a qualitative component provide a much broader and deeper insight into the learning that takes place in freshman courses. This research also documents the use of a longitudinal study to track the design sequence group and observe their performance in their junior and senior years. This would provide a better understanding of the long term effects of the new sequence.

  18. Do Smokers Know What We're Talking About? The Construct Validity of Nicotine Dependence Questionnaire Measures

    PubMed Central

    Japuntich, S. J.; Piper, M. E.; Schlam, T. R.; Bolt, D. M.; Baker, T. B.

    2010-01-01

    Few studies have examined whether nicotine dependence self-report questionnaires can predict specific behaviors and symptoms at specific points in time. The current study used data from a randomized clinical trial (n = 608; Piper et al., 2007) to assess the construct validity of scales and items from three nicotine dependence measures: the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (Heatherton, Kozlowski, Frecker & Fagerström, 1991), the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (Shiffman, Waters & Hickcox, 2004), and the Wisconsin Index of Smoking Dependence Motives (Piper et al, 2004). Scales from these measures were used to predict participants' reports on real-time measures of withdrawal symptoms and smoking behavior and retrospective self-report questionnaires to assess convergent and discriminative validity. The nicotine dependence measures' scales and items generally predicted the real-time measures of similar constructs, but the percent of variance accounted for was low. The nicotine dependence measures did, however, show evidence of discriminative validity. Thus, this study provides modest support for the construct validity of these nicotine dependence scales. PMID:19947792

  19. Prenatal alcohol exposure assessment: multiple embedded measures in a prenatal questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Burd, Larry; Martsolf, John; Klug, Marilyn G; O'Connor, Ellen; Peterson, Marlene

    2003-01-01

    Alcohol exposure during pregnancy is a well-recognized public health problem. Accurate assessment of prenatal alcohol exposure is especially important to identify women in need of intervention. In this study, a 36-item prenatal questionnaire was utilized to survey a representative sample of prenatal care providers to examine prevalence rates of exposure. The questionnaire included three common screening tools for alcohol use during pregnancy and the items necessary to establish a maternal risk profile. In North Dakota, 1081 pregnant women were included in the sample. Eighty (7.4%) were Native American and 952 (88%) were White. The TWEAK screening tool was positive for 253 (23.4%) of the women. Native American women had a 71% increase in positive TWEAK screenings compared to White women. Logistic regression was used to develop a high-risk model. The data from prenatal care can also be used for maternal risk stratification. Early identification can provide opportunity for early interventions to decrease total exposure during pregnancy and to improve the outcome for the child. PMID:14624966

  20. Factor analyses of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy measures in diverse samples.

    PubMed

    Pratte, Katherine; Whitesell, Nancy; McFarlane, Mary; Bull, Sheana

    2010-01-01

    Measurement of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy is variable, reducing research generalizability. The purpose of this study was to assess reliability and construct validity of measures of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy across 3,989 youth. Data were collected at computer kiosks and on the Internet. Analyses included internal consistency reliability assessments and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of three constructs in a 32-item a priori instrument. Reliability estimates ranged between 0.68 and 0.89, and goodness of fit indices all exceeded 0.90. Factor analysis results supported the compatibility of the items from the three subscales with their conceptual domains. Final scales include measures of positive and negative outcome expectancies related to condom use, peer and partner condom norms, self-efficacy for condom negotiation, and self-efficacy for condom use. These measures of condom attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy can be employed for assessments to improve standardization of measures and generalizability of research, particularly related to HIV prevention. PMID:21290923

  1. Measurement of attitude angles of single stator multi-degrees of freedom ultrasonic motor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Wu-fal; Tao, Zheng; Zhang, Lin-na; Gao, Jian-she; Zhao, Feng-xia; Zhen, Peng

    2010-08-01

    In order to measure the attitude angles of our ultrasonic motor, a compact single stator multi-degree-of freedom (DOF) ultrasonic motor with a cylindrical stator and a spherical rotor is designed with one OEM encoder and 2D PSD (Position Sensitive Detector) sensor. The spherical rotor is rotated around three perpendicular axes by three natural vibrations excited on the stator. The OEM encoder disc is fixed on the rotor output shaft to measure the rotational angle of the output shaft. The PSD sensor is installed in loading sphere, and one LED is installed in the LED house, the line light emitted by the LED transmits along the output shaft axis and passes through the center of the spherical rotor, and then projects on the PSD surface, and the PSD and LED comprise the device to measure the pitch and roll of the rotor. The output current signals of the PSD sensor are changed into voltages, amplified by measuring circuits, converted into digital signals, and are transmitted to MCU. The attitude angles of the motor are calculated out using the proposed algorithm. The compact structure design of the motor makes the measurement of the attitude angles of the multi-DOF ultrasonic motor more practical and convenient.

  2. The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire: Cross-Cultural Adaptation into Italian and Assessment of Its Measurement Properties.

    PubMed

    Chiarotto, Alessandro; Vanti, Carla; Ostelo, Raymond W; Ferrari, Silvano; Tedesco, Giuseppe; Rocca, Barbara; Pillastrini, Paolo; Monticone, Marco

    2014-09-27

    The Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a patient self-reported measurement instrument that evaluates pain self-efficacy beliefs in patients with chronic pain. The measurement properties of the PSEQ have been tested in its original and translated versions, showing satisfactory results for validity and reliability. The aims of this study were 2 fold as follows: (1) to translate the PSEQ into Italian through a process of cross-cultural adaptation, (2) to test the measurement properties of the Italian PSEQ (PSEQ-I). The cross-cultural adaptation was completed in 5 months without omitting any item of the original PSEQ. Measurement properties were tested in 165 patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) (65% women, mean age 49.9 years). Factor analysis confirmed the one-factor structure of the questionnaire. Internal consistency (Cronbach's ? = 0.94) and test-retest reliability (ICCagreement  = 0.82) of the PSEQ-I showed good results. The smallest detectable change was equal to 15.69 scale points. The PSEQ-I displayed a high construct validity by meeting more than 75% of a priori hypotheses on correlations with measurement instruments assessing pain intensity, disability, anxiety, depression, pain catastrophizing, fear of movement, and coping strategies. Additionally, the PSEQ-I differentiated patients taking pain medication or not. The results of this study suggest that the PSEQ-I can be used as a valid and reliable tool in Italian patients with CLBP. PMID:25264358

  3. A modified inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire and the Vaizey Incontinence questionnaire are more sensitive measures of acute gastrointestinal toxicity during pelvic radiotherapy than RTOG grading

    SciTech Connect

    Khalid, Usman [Department of Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); McGough, Camilla [Department of Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Hackett, Claire [Department of Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Blake, Peter [Department of Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Harrington, Kevin J. [Department of Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Khoo, Vincent S. [Department of Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Tait, Diana [Department of Radiotherapy, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Norman, Andrew R. [Department of Computing, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom); Andreyev, H. Jervoise N. [Department of Medicine, Royal Marsden Hospital, London and Surrey (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: j@andreyev.demon.co.uk

    2006-04-01

    Purpose: Simple scales with greater sensitivity than Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grading to detect acute gastrointestinal toxicity during pelvic radiotherapy, could be clinically useful. Methods and Materials: Do questionnaires used in benign gastrointestinal diseases detect toxicity in patients undergoing radiotherapy? The patient-completed Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBDQ) and Vaizey Incontinence questionnaires were compared prospectively at baseline and at Week 5 to physician-completed RTOG grading. Results: A total of 107 patients, median age 63 years, were recruited. After 5 weeks of treatment, patients with gynecologic and gastrointestinal cancer were more symptomatic than urologic patients (p 0.012; p = 0.014). Overall, 94% had altered bowel habits, 80% loose stool, 74% frequency, 65% difficult gas, 60% pain, >48% distress, 44% tenesmus, >40% restrictions in daily activity, 39% urgency, 37% fecal incontinence, and 40% required antidiarrheal medication. The median RTOG score was 1 (range, 0-2), median IBDQ score 204.5 (range, 74-224), and median Vaizey score 5 (range, 0-20). Chemotherapy preceding radiotherapy increased fecal incontinence (p 0.002). RTOG scores stabilized after 3 weeks, IBDQ scores peaked at Week 4, and Vaizey scores worsened throughout treatment. IBDQ and Vaizey scores distinguished between groups with different RTOG scores. Conclusion: The IBDQ and Vaizey questionnaires are reliable and sensitive, offering greater insight into the severity and range of symptoms compared with RTOG grading.

  4. Student attitudes toward statistics before and after a computer-integrated introductory statistics course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teri Reed Rhoads; Norma Faris Hubele

    2000-01-01

    A validated questionnaire measuring the attitude of engineering students toward statistics was administered to 46 male and 17 female undergraduate engineers during the first and last week of class. The objective was to test the hypothesis that a newly designed computer-integrated statistics course positively affects students' attitudes toward statistics. For the students as a whole, no significant difference is found

  5. An unsymmetrical design of IMU for attitude measurement of land vehicles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Huaqiang; Zhao, Yan; Chen, Yu

    2011-08-01

    Focusing on the determining attitude of land vehicles which equipped with antenna platform for communication satellite, the mathematical model of the integrated navigation system of Strapdown Inertial Navigation System(SINS) and Global Positioning System(GPS) has been built at first. Then the observability of the attitude errors of the integrated navigation system has been concluded to be very weak, and the observability of the heading error is weaker than the horizontal attitude's. Due to this characteristic and the requirement of miniaturization and low-cost, a new inertial measurement unit (IMU) structure has been designed, which comprises three gyros and three accelerometers. Two MEMS gyros were installed on the horizontal plane, and a high degree of accuracy fibre optical gyro was installed in the vertical direction. During navigation period, the Kalman filter is used for calculating the navigation information. Both the theoretical analysis and simulation results show that the new unsymmetrical design of IMU can improve the precision of heading significantly, and when this IMU is integrated with GPS, the attitude precision can meet the requirement of the antenna platform control.

  6. Determination of the passive attitude motion of the "Mir" orbital station, based on magnetic field strength measurement data.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarychev, V. A.; Sazonov, V. V.; Belyaev, M. Yu.; Efimov, N. I.; Lapshina, I. L.

    1995-02-01

    The technique is described for determining the passive attitude motion of the "Mir" orbital station by means of processing onboard measurements of the Earth's magnetic field strength vector. The measurement data, collected on a time interval of about two hours, are processed jointly by means of the least squares method using the integration of the station attitude motion equations. The estimations of initial conditions of the attitude motion and of aerodynamic parameters are obtained as a result of such processing. Possibilities are foreseen for estimating the station's tensor of inertia and for eliminating a constant error component from measurement data. Examples are given to determine the real passive motion of the station.

  7. Measuring attitude toward Judaism: The internal consistency reliability of the Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie J. Francis; Y. J. Katz

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes and discusses the development and empirical properties of the 24-item Likert-type Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism. The scale is designed to facilitate inter-faith comparisons within the psychology of religion alongside the well-established Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. Data are provided from a sample of 618 Hebrew-speaking undergraduate students attending Bar-Ilan University. The findings confirm the

  8. Integrated attitude determination and control system via magnetic measurements and actuation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Abdelrahman; Sang-Young Park

    2011-01-01

    A nonlinear control scheme using a Modified State-Dependent Riccati Equation (MSDRE) is developed through a pseudo-linearization of spacecraft augmented nonlinear dynamics and kinematics. The full-state knowledge required for the control loop is provided through a generalized algorithm for spacecraft three-axis attitude and rate estimation based on the utilization of magnetometer measurements and their time derivatives, while the control torque is

  9. Attitude Determination and Control For LionSat (Local Ionospheric Measurements Satellite)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P.-S. Hur; R. G. Melton; D. B. Spencer

    LionSat (Local Ionospheric Measurements Satellite) will carry two hybrid plasma probes to map plasma densities in the ram and wake directions of the vehicle's motion. This paper describes a proposed control law to reorient the spin axis and control the spin rate of the spin-stabilized satellite in LEO using two magnetic torque rods. Attitude determination will employ a three-axis magnetometer,

  10. Development and Validation of a Measure of Attitudes toward Employee Drug Testing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin R. Murphy; George C. Thornton

    1992-01-01

    Employee drug testing, although widespread, is still controversial. In this study, a 19-item scale measuring attitudes toward employee drug testing, based on responses to actual drug testing policies and practices, was developed. The obtained coefficient alpha for this scale was .90. Results of a maximum-likelihood confirmatory factor analysis indicate a four-factor structure (one general and three content-oriented factors). Evidence of

  11. New sensor for triangulation measurement of AGV attitude and position

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    De Cecco, Mariolino

    2001-09-01

    This work discusses the working principle and mechanical details of a new scanning transducer for angle measurement between IR modulated emitters placed in known positions. The system can be used for position estimation of AGVs inside structured environments. Position is computed by triangulation. The advantage of the proposed transducer is that, having approximately the same accuracy of the commonly widespread laser system, it makes us of active targets, which allow a further degree of freedom: height for target installation. In other words, coplanarity between targets and plane of scanning is no longer required. Consequently, target visibility may be achieved even in the case of bulky machinery placed inside the factory environment. Repeatability error in angle estimation is +/- 47 arcseconds, which means that positional accuracy in a square 10 m room is +/- 2 mm.

  12. Measuring attitudes about women's recourse after exposure to intimate partner violence: the ATT-RECOURSE scale.

    PubMed

    Yount, Kathryn M; VanderEnde, Kristin; Zureick-Brown, Sarah; Minh, Tran Hung; Schuler, Sidney Ruth; Anh, Hoang Tu

    2014-06-01

    Attitudes about intimate partner violence (IPV) against women are widely surveyed, but attitudes about women's recourse after exposure to IPV are understudied, despite their importance for intervention. Designed through qualitative research and administered in a probability sample of 1,054 married men and women 18 to 50 years in My Hao District, Vietnam, the ATT-RECOURSE scale measures men's and women's attitudes about a wife's recourse after exposure to physical IPV. Data were initially collected for nine items. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with one random split-half sample (N 1 = 526) revealed a one-factor model with significant loadings (0.316-0.686) for six items capturing a wife's silence, informal recourse, and formal recourse. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with the other random split-half sample (N 2 = 528) showed adequate fit for the six-item model and significant factor loadings of similar magnitude to the EFA results (0.412-0.669). For the six items retained, men consistently favored recourse more often than did women (52.4%-66.0% of men vs. 41.9%-55.2% of women). Tests for uniform differential item functioning (DIF) by gender revealed one item with significant uniform DIF, and adjusting for this revealed an even larger gap in men's and women's attitudes, with men favoring recourse, on average, more than women. The six-item ATT-RECOURSE scale is reliable across independent samples and exhibits little uniform DIF by gender, supporting its use in surveys of men and women. Further methodological research is discussed. Research is needed in Vietnam about why women report less favorable attitudes than men regarding women's recourse after physical IPV. PMID:24368681

  13. Progressing Measurement in Mental Toughness: A Case Example of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel F. Gucciardi; Sheldon Hanton; Clifford J. Mallett

    2012-01-01

    Mental toughness has received increasing attention in the field of performance psychology, yet issues remain about its measurement by self-report. In this article, we have summarized mental toughness measurement issues and, as an example, provided a psychometric examination of the most frequently used measure. In an effort to operationalize mental toughness, Clough, Earle, and Sewell (2002) developed the Mental Toughness

  14. Test-retest reliability of a new self reported comprehensive questionnaire measuring frequencies of different modes of adolescents commuting to school and their parents commuting to work - the ATN questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Bere, Elling; Bjørkelund, Line A

    2009-01-01

    Background Studies assessing active commuting to school usually use simple questionnaires, and often is mode of commuting reported with a single questionnaire item only. The purpose of the present study is to report the test-retest reliability of a newly developed comprehensive questionnaire on active commuting to school and work among 6th grade school children and their parents in Norway. Methods A total of 106 pupils and 77 parents completed a questionnaire two times, 14 days apart. The questionnaire consisted of frequency items on how often the participants walk, cycle, go by car and go by public transportation to school (pupils) or work (parents). The questionnaire was divided into seasons and to/from school or work in order to cover seasonal and topographic variations. The average number of trips for each mode of commuting was calculated. Then the sample was categorised into mode of commuting: walkers, cyclists, car commuters or public transport commuters. Results The average numbers of trips did not differ for any of the commuting modes comparing test to retest data for any of the seasons. Test-retest correlation coefficients were high for all modes of commuting (Spearman correlation coefficient were 0.85-0.92 for pupils and 0.82-0.95 for parents). Most participants categorised into mode of commuting were categorized into the same mode at both time points (97% and 95% for pupils and parents respectively). Conclusion This newly developed questionnaire appears to be a reliable tool for measuring active commuting to school and work. PMID:19822017

  15. Development and validation of a rapid, generic measure of disease control from the patient's perspective: the IBD-Control questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Bodger, Keith; Ormerod, Clare; Shackcloth, Daniela; Harrison, Melanie

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The use of patient reported outcome measures to support routine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care is not widespread and suggests that existing questionnaires lack relevance to day-to-day decisions or are too cumbersome to administer. We developed a simple, generic tool for capturing disease control from the patient's perspective to address these barriers. Methods Development based on literature review, patient focus groups/interviews and a steering group, defining a limited set of generic questions. The ‘IBD-Control’ questionnaire comprises 13 items plus a visual analogue scale (VAS) (0–100). Prospective validation involved baseline completion of IBD-Control, quality of life (QoL) questionnaire (UK-IBD-Q), EuroQol (EQ-5D), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Score; and clinician assessment (blinded to questionnaire; recording Harvey-Bradshaw Index or Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index; Global Clinician Rating; treatment outcome). Results 299 patients returned baseline surveys (Crohn's disease, n=160; ulcerative colitis, n=139) and 138 attended for repeat visits. Completion time (mean; SD): 1?min 15?s; 25?s; Internal consistency: Cronbach's ? for all 13 items (0.85); for subgroup of eight questions (‘IBD-Control-8’; 0.86). Strong correlation between IBD-Control-8 and IBD-Control-VAS (r=0.81). Test-retest reliability (2?week repeat): intra-class correlation=0.97 for IBD-Control-8 and 0.96 for IBD-Control-VAS. Construct validity: Moderate-to-strong correlations between IBD-Control-8 and IBD-Control-VAS versus activity indices, UK-IBD-Q and EQ-5D (utility) with r values 0.52–0.86. Discriminant validity (mean instrument scores for remission, mild, moderate or severe): p<0.001 (analysis of variance (ANOVA)). Sensitivity to change: Effect sizes: 0.76–1.44. Conclusions The IBD-Control is a rapid, reliable, valid and sensitive instrument for measuring overall disease control from the patient's perspective. Unlike existing patient reported outcome measures, its simplicity, ease-of-use and generic applicability make it a candidate for supporting routine care. PMID:24107590

  16. Measuring disability experienced by adults living with HIV: assessing construct validity of the HIV Disability Questionnaire using confirmatory factor analysis

    PubMed Central

    O'Brien, Kelly K; Solomon, Patricia; Bayoumi, Ahmed M

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To assess the construct validity of the HIV Disability Questionnaire (HDQ), a self-administered questionnaire that describes the presence, severity and episodic nature of disability experienced by people living with HIV. Design We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis. We hypothesised that domains in the HDQ characterised six dimensions of disability, each represented by HDQ items: physical symptoms and impairments (20 items); cognitive symptoms and impairments (3 items); mental and emotional health symptoms and impairments (11 items); uncertainty (14 items); difficulties with day-to-day activities (9 items) and challenges to social inclusion (12 items). We developed a measurement model to test these hypotheses. We used maximum likelihood methods of estimation to determine model fit. We considered a threshold for the Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) of <0.05 as an indication of overall goodness of model fit. We considered variables with factor loadings of >0.30 as representing a given domain of disability. Setting We recruited adults with HIV from hospital clinics, AIDS service organisations and a specialty hospital in Ontario. Participants Of the 361 adults with HIV who completed the HDQ, 80% were men, 36% were 50 or older and 77% reported living with at least two concurrent health conditions in addition to HIV. Outcome Measures We administered the HDQ followed by a demographic questionnaire. Results The model achieved good overall fit as indicated by a RMSEA of 0.030 (90% CI 0.028 to 0.033). All HDQ items represented our hypothesised dimensions of disability (factor loadings >0.30). Factor loadings ranged from 0.34 to 0.90. Domains of disability correlated with each other ranging from r=0.47 (between difficulties with day-to-day activities and uncertainty) to r=0.88 (between mental-emotional health challenges and challenges to social inclusion). Conclusions The six domain structure of the HDQ demonstrated construct validity when administered to adults living with HIV. PMID:25180054

  17. A position and attitude vision measurement system for wind tunnel slender model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheng, Lei; Yang, Yinong; Xue, Bindang; Zhou, Fugen; Bai, Xiangzhi

    2014-11-01

    A position and attitude vision measurement system for drop test slender model in wind tunnel is designed and developed. The system used two high speed cameras, one is put to the side of the model and another is put to the position where the camera can look up the model. Simple symbols are set on the model. The main idea of the system is based on image matching technique between the 3D-digital model projection image and the image captured by the camera. At first, we evaluate the pitch angles, the roll angles and the position of the centroid of a model through recognizing symbols in the images captured by the side camera. And then, based on the evaluated attitude info, giving a series of yaw angles, a series of projection images of the 3D-digital model are obtained. Finally, these projection images are matched with the image which captured by the looking up camera, and the best match's projection images corresponds to the yaw angle is the very yaw angle of the model. Simulation experiments are conducted and the results show that the maximal error of attitude measurement is less than 0.05°, which can meet the demand of test in wind tunnel.

  18. Diagnosis, prevalence estimation and burden measurement in population surveys of headache: presenting the HARDSHIP questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Steiner, Timothy J; Gururaj, Gopalakrishna; Andrée, Colette; Katsarava, Zaza; Ayzenberg, Ilya; Yu, Sheng-Yuan; Al Jumah, Mohammed; Tekle-Haimanot, Redda; Birbeck, Gretchen L; Herekar, Arif; Linde, Mattias; Mbewe, Edouard; Manandhar, Kedar; Risal, Ajay; Jensen, Rigmor; Queiroz, Luiz Paulo; Scher, Ann I; Wang, Shuu-Jiun; Stovner, Lars Jacob

    2014-01-01

    The global burden of headache is very large, but knowledge of it is far from complete and needs still to be gathered. Published population-based studies have used variable methodology, which has influenced findings and made comparisons difficult. The Global Campaign against Headache is undertaking initiatives to improve and standardize methods in use for cross-sectional studies. One requirement is for a survey instrument with proven cross-cultural validity. This report describes the development of such an instrument. Two of the authors developed the initial version, which was used with adaptations in population-based studies in China, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Zambia and 10 countries in the European Union. The resultant evolution of this instrument was reviewed by an expert consensus group drawn from all world regions. The final output was the Headache-Attributed Restriction, Disability, Social Handicap and Impaired Participation (HARDSHIP) questionnaire, designed for application by trained lay interviewers. HARDSHIP is a modular instrument incorporating demographic enquiry, diagnostic questions based on ICHD-3 beta criteria, and enquiries into each of the following as components of headache-attributed burden: symptom burden; health-care utilization; disability and productive time losses; impact on education, career and earnings; perception of control; interictal burden; overall individual burden; effects on relationships and family dynamics; effects on others, including household partner and children; quality of life; wellbeing; obesity as a comorbidity. HARDSHIP already has demonstrated validity and acceptability in multiple languages and cultures. Modules may be included or not, and others (e.g., on additional comorbidities) added, according to the purpose of the study and resources (especially time) available. PMID:24400999

  19. A systematic review of instruments that measure attitudes toward homosexual men.

    PubMed

    Grey, Jeremy A; Robinson, Beatrice Bean E; Coleman, Eli; Bockting, Walter O

    2013-01-01

    Scientific interest in the measurement of homophobia and internalized homophobia has grown over the past 30 years, and new instruments and terms have emerged. To help researchers with the challenging task of identifying appropriate measures for studies in sexual-minority health, we reviewed measures of homophobia published in the academic literature from 1970 to 2012. Instruments that measured attitudes toward male homosexuals/homosexuality or measured homosexuals' internalized attitudes toward homosexuality were identified using measurement manuals and a systematic review. A total of 23 instruments met criteria for inclusion, and their features were summarized and compared. All 23 instruments met minimal criteria for adequate scale construction, including scale development, sampling, reliability, and evidence of validity. Validity evidence was diverse and was categorized as interaction with gay men, HIV/AIDS variables, mental health, and conservative religious or political beliefs. Homophobia was additionally correlated with authoritarianism and bias, gender ideology, gender differences, and reactions to homosexual stimuli. Internalized homophobia was validated by examining relationships with disclosing one's homosexuality and level of homosexual identity development. We hope this review will make the process of instrument selection more efficient by allowing researchers to easily locate, evaluate, and choose the proper measure based on their research question and population of interest. PMID:23480076

  20. Attitudes towards traffic safety, driving behaviour and accident involvement among the Norwegian public

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hilde Iversen; Torbjørn Rundmo

    2004-01-01

    The present study aims at identifying determinants of risk behaviour and accident involvement in traffic. The results are based on a self-completion questionnaire survey carried out among a representative sample of Norwegian drivers drawn from the driver's licence register. The data was collected in year 2000 and 2001 (n?=?2614). The questionnaire included measures of attitudes, risk behaviour and involvement in

  1. Alberta High School Counsellors' Knowledge of Homosexuality and Their Attitudes toward Gay Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alderson, Kevin G.; Orzeck, Tricia L.; McEwen, Scott C.

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigated Alberta high school counsellors' knowledge about homosexuality and their attitudes toward gay males. Three questionnaires were mailed to 648 high school counselling centres; 223 individuals returned the completed questionnaires. Most counsellors attained low scores in measured homo-negativity and high scores regarding…

  2. Translation and measurement properties of the Swedish version of ACL-Return to Sports after Injury questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Kvist, J; Österberg, A; Gauffin, H; Tagesson, S; Webster, K; Ardern, C

    2013-10-01

    Psychological factors may be a hindrance for returning to sport after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The ACL-Return to Sport after Injury scale (ACL-RSI) measures athletes' emotions, confidence in performance, and risk appraisal in relation to return to sport. The aim of this study was to translate the ACL-RSI scale from English to Swedish and to examine some of the measurement properties of the Swedish version. The ACL-RSI was translated and culturally adapted. A professional expert group and five patients evaluated face validity. One hundred and eighty-two patients completed the translated ACL-RSI, a project-specific questionnaire, the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), the Knee-Self-Efficacy Scale (K-SES), the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC-C), the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Quality of Life (ACL-QoL) questionnaires. Fifty-three patients answered the ACL-RSI twice to examine reproducibility. The ACL-RSI showed good face validity, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948), low floor and ceiling effects and high construct validity when evaluated against the TSK, K-SES, MHLC-C, KOOS, and ACL-QoL scales. The reproducibility was also high (intra-class correlation = 0.893). Therefore, the ACL-RSI can be used to evaluate psychological factors relevant to returning to sport after ACL reconstruction surgery. PMID:22257241

  3. The McGill Pain Questionnaire as a Multidimensional Measure in People with Cancer: An Integrative Review

    PubMed Central

    Ngamkham, Srisuda; Vincent, Catherine; Finnegan, Lorna; Holden, Janean E.; Wang, Zaijie Jim; Wilkie, Diana J.

    2010-01-01

    First published in 1975, the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) is an often cited pain measure but there have been no systematic reviews of the MPQ in cancer populations. The objective is to evaluate the MPQ as a multidimensional measure of pain in people with cancer. A systematic search of research that used the MPQ in adults with cancer and published in English from 1975 to 2009 was conducted. Twenty-one articles retrieved through computerized searches and nine studies from manual searches met the criteria. Review of the 30 studies demonstrated that pain intensity (n=29 studies) and pain quality (n=27 studies) were measured more frequently than pain location, pattern, and behavior parameters. Measuring cancer pain using the MPQ provided insights about disease sites, magnitude of pain and the effectiveness of treatment and intervention. Additionally, the MPQ data informed speculations about pain mechanisms, emotional status, overall sensory pain experience, changes in pain over time, and alleviating and aggravating behaviors/factors. Findings supported that the MPQ was an effective multidimensional measure with good stability, content, construct, and criterion validity and showed sensitivity to treatment or known-group effects. The MPQ is a valid, reliable, and sensitive multidimensional measure of cancer pain. Cancer pain is a subjective, complex experience consisting of multiple dimensions, and measuring cancer pain with the MPQ may help clinicians to more fully understand if those dimensions of cancer pain influence each other. As a result, clinicians can provide better and effective cancer pain management. PMID:22341138

  4. A comparison of the measurement properties of the Juvenile Arthritis Functional Assessment Scale with the childhood health assessment questionnaire in daily practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Peter Bekkering; Rebecca ten Cate; Marion A. J. van Rossum; Theodora P. M. Vliet Vlieland

    2007-01-01

    We compared the measurement properties of a performance test (Juvenile Arthritis Functional Assessment Scale; JAFAS) with\\u000a a questionnaire-based instrument (Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire; CHAQ) to measure functional ability in patients\\u000a with juvenile idiopathic arthritis on the level of individual items. In 28 consecutive children visiting an outpatient paediatrics\\u000a clinic, the JAFAS (range 0–20) and CHAQ (range 0–3) were applied, and

  5. Integrated attitude determination and control system via magnetic measurements and actuation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abdelrahman, Mohammad; Park, Sang-Young

    2011-08-01

    A nonlinear control scheme using a Modified State-Dependent Riccati Equation (MSDRE) is developed through a pseudo-linearization of spacecraft augmented nonlinear dynamics and kinematics. The full-state knowledge required for the control loop is provided through a generalized algorithm for spacecraft three-axis attitude and rate estimation based on the utilization of magnetometer measurements and their time derivatives, while the control torque is generated via magnetorquers. The stability of the controller is investigated through Lyapunov function analysis and the local observability of the estimator is verified. The resulted attitude determination and control system has shown the capability of estimating the attitude better than 5 deg and rate of order 0.03 deg/s in addition to maintain the pointing accuracy within 5 deg in each axis with pointing stability of less than 0.05 deg/s. Monte-Carlo simulations are used to demonstrate the global asymptotic stability of the controller and the estimator for various initial conditions.

  6. The Valued Living Questionnaire: Defining and Measuring Valued Action within a Behavioral Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Kelly G.; Sandoz, Emily K.; Kitchens, Jennifer; Roberts, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    A number of cognitive-behavior therapies now strongly emphasize particular behavioral processes as mediators of clinical change specific to that therapy. This shift in emphasis calls for the development of measures sensitive to changes in the therapies' processes. Among these is acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), which posits valued living…

  7. The Development of the Sexual Assertiveness Questionnaire (SAQ): A Comprehensive Measure of Sexual Assertiveness for Women.

    PubMed

    Loshek, Eevett; Terrell, Heather K

    2014-09-11

    Sexual assertiveness has been defined in a number of ways by many researchers, with different aspects of sexual assertiveness emphasized in different measures. Most previous measures have included condom insistence as an important aspect of sexual assertiveness, but this may not translate well to women at all life stages or in varied types of relationships. The goal of the current study was to develop a comprehensive measure of sexual assertiveness that encompasses the aspects of sexual assertiveness that have been emphasized by previous researchers, with the exception of condom insistence. Items were generated based on previous measures and definitions, and an exploratory factor analysis was conducted (Study 1) to better understand the dimensions of sexual assertiveness. The proposed scale was revised and further refined using both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis in Study 2. The final scale consisted of 18 items that seem to capture three dimensions of sexual assertiveness: the ability to initiate and communicate about desired sex, the ability to refuse unwanted sex, and the ability to communicate about sexual history and risk. Model fit indices indicate that this three-factor solution fits the data well. Implications and suggestions for future research are discussed. PMID:25211014

  8. Pragmatic measurement of health satisfaction in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus using the Current Health Satisfaction Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Traina, Shana B; Colwell, Hilary H; Crosby, Ross D; Mathias, Susan D

    2015-01-01

    Background The concept of diabetes-related health satisfaction encompasses issues specifically related to living with diabetes (eg, blood glucose, blood pressure levels, body weight). Health satisfaction is more specific than overall health-related quality of life because it considers disease-related factors, and is different from diabetes treatment satisfaction because it addresses issues not specifically related to treatment. Low levels of health satisfaction in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may negatively affect self-care behaviors and treatment outcomes; however, there are currently no instruments available to assess health satisfaction in this population. This study assessed the measurement properties of a newly constructed, 14-item Current Health Satisfaction Questionnaire (CHES-Q) designed to assess diabetes-related health satisfaction and knowledge of the disease and important laboratory results. Methods In-depth interviews were conducted in 23 adults with T2DM to confirm the content and clarity of the CHES-Q. The revised instrument was administered to 1,015 individuals with T2DM, along with supplemental questionnaires, including the Short Form-36. All subjects completed the questionnaires again 3 to 7 days later. CHES-Q test-retest reliability, construct validity, and known-groups validity were evaluated. Results In general, respondents found the CHES-Q to be clear and comprehensive. Test-retest reliability was generally acceptable for all items (?0.70), except for three that fell just below the widely accepted cut-point of 0.70 (range 0.63–0.69). Convergent and divergent validity was demonstrated based on hypothesized correlations with the Short Form-36. Known-groups validity was confirmed for most CHES-Q items when respondents were split into groups known to differ clinically by body mass index, disease severity, or glycated hemoglobin. Conclusion Health satisfaction is a unique and important concept to consider when developing individualized strategies for managing T2DM because health satisfaction is a key element of patient-centered care. The CHES-Q allows for the pragmatic assessment of many aspects of diabetes-related health satisfaction in a single questionnaire. PMID:25870519

  9. Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Samuel P. Putnam; Maria A. Gartstein; Mary K. Rothbart

    2006-01-01

    This article describes the development, reliability, and factor structure of a finely differentiated (18 dimensions) parent-report measure of temperament in 1.5- to 3-year-old children, using a cross-sectional sample (N=317) and a longitudinal sample of primary (N=104) and secondary (N=61) caregivers. Adequate internal consistency was demonstrated for all scales and moderate inter-rater reliability was evident for most scales. Longitudinal stability correlations

  10. The Peritraumatic Behavior Questionnaire: development and initial validation of a new measure for combat-related peritraumatic reactions

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the most commonly observed stress-related conditions following combat exposure and its effective prevention is a high health-care priority. Reports of peritraumatic reactions have been shown to be highly associated with PTSD among combat exposed service members. However, existing instruments measuring peritraumatic symptoms were not specifically developed to assess combat-related peritraumatic stress and each demonstrates a different peritraumatic focus. We therefore developed the Peritraumatic Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ), a new military-specific rating scale focused upon the wide range of symptoms suggestive of combat-related peritraumatic distress in actively deployed Service Members. This study describes the development of the PBQ and reports on the psychometric properties of its self-rated version (PBQ-SR). Methods 688 Marine infantry service members were retrospectively assessed by the PBQ-SR within the scope of the Marine Resiliency Study after their deployment to war zone. Participants have been additionally assessed by a variety of questionnaires, as well as clinical interviews both pre and post-deployment. Results The PBQ-SR demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency, convergent and discriminant validity, as well as high correlation with trait dissociation prior to deployment. Component analysis suggested a latent bi-dimensional structure separating a peritraumatic emotional distress and physical awareness factor. The PBQ-SR total score showed high correlation to general anxiety, depression, poorer general health and posttraumatic symptoms after deployment and remained a significant predictor of PTSD severity, after controlling for those measures. The suggested screening cut-off score of 12 points demonstrated satisfactory predictive power. Conclusions This study confirms the ability of the PBQ-SR to unify the underlying peritraumatic symptom dimensions and reliably assess combat-related peritraumatic reaction as a general construct. The PBQ-SR demonstrated promise as a potential standard screening measure in military clinical practice, while It’s predictive power should be established in prospective studies. PMID:23289606

  11. Exploring the Relations between In-Service Training, Prior Contacts and Teachers' Attitudes towards Persons with Intellectual Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sermier Dessemontet, Rachel; Morin, Diane; Crocker, Anne G.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the relations between teachers' attitudes towards persons with intellectual disability (ID), in-service training on ID, and prior contacts with persons with ID. A sample of Canadian elementary school teachers (N?=?118) completed the Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disability Questionnaire, which measures cognitive,…

  12. Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

  13. Measurement Equivalence and Extreme Response Bias in the Comparison of Attitudes Across Europe: A Multigroup Latent-Class Factor Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miloš Kankaraš; G. B. D. Moors

    2011-01-01

    It is generally accepted that both measurement inequivalence and extreme response bias (ERB) can seriously distort measurement of attitudes and subsequent causal models. However, these two issues have rarely been investigated together. In this article we demonstrate the flexibility of a multigroup latent-class factor approach in both analyzing measurement equivalence and detecting ERB. Using data from the European Values Survey

  14. Do Questions Reflecting Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure from a Questionnaire Predict Direct Measure of Exposure in Owner-Occupied Houses?

    PubMed Central

    Loo, C.K. Jennifer; Foty, Richard G.; Wheeler, Amanda J.; Miller, J. David; Evans, Greg; Stieb, David M.; Dell, Sharon D.

    2010-01-01

    Home characteristic questions are used in epidemiological studies and clinical settings to assess potentially harmful exposures in the home. The objective of this study was to determine whether questionnaire-reported home characteristics can predict directly measured pollutants. Sixty home inspections were conducted on a subsample of the 2006 population-based Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire. Indoor/outdoor air and settled dust samples were analyzed. Mean Fel d 1 was higher (p < 0.0001) in homes with a cat (450.58 ?g/g) versus without (22.28 ?g/g). Mean indoor NO2 was higher (p = 0.003) in homes with gas stoves (14.98 ppb) versus without (8.31 ppb). Self-reported musty odours predicted higher glucan levels (10554.37 ?g/g versus 6308.58 ?g/g, p = 0.0077). Der f 1 was predicted by the home’s age, but not by reports of carpets, and was higher in homes with mean relative humidity > 50% (61.30 ?g/g, versus 6.24 ?g/g, p = 0.002). Self-reported presence of a cat, a gas stove, musty odours, mice, and the home’s age and indoor relative humidity over 50% predicted measured indoor levels of cat allergens, NO2, fungal glucan, mouse allergens and dust mite allergens, respectively. These results are helpful for understanding the significance of indoor exposures ascertained by self-reporting in large epidemiological studies and also in the clinical setting. PMID:20948960

  15. Drag balance Cubesat attitude motion effects on in-situ thermosphere density measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Felicetti, Leonard; Santoni, Fabio

    2014-08-01

    The dynamics of Cubesats carrying a drag balance instrument (DBI) for in situ atmosphere density measurements is analyzed. Atmospheric drag force is measured by the displacement of two light plates exposed to the incoming particle flow. This system is well suited for a distributed sensor network in orbit, to get simultaneous in situ local (non orbit averaged) measurements in multiple positions and orbit heights, contributing to the development and validation of global atmosphere models. The implementation of the DBI leads to orbit normal pointing spinning two body system. The use of a spin-magnetic attitude control system is suggested, based only on magnetometer readings, contributing to making the system simple, inexpensive, and reliable. It is shown, by an averaging technique, that this system provides for orbit normal spin axis pointing. The effect of the coupling between the attitude dynamics and the DBI is evaluated, analyzing its frequency content and showing that no frequency components arise, affecting the DBI performance. The analysis is confirmed by Monte Carlo numerical simulation results.

  16. Attitudes towards low-allergen food in food allergic consumers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Miles; Suzanne Bolhaar; Eloina González-Mancebo; Christine Hafner; Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber; Montserrat Fernández-Rivas; André Knulst

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – The aim was to look at food-allergic consumers’ preferences concerning the development of low-allergen food. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire was designed to measure attitudes towards low-allergen food. Data were collected from 20 food-allergic consumers in Austria, Spain and The Netherlands respectively between April and May 2002 using interviewer-assisted questionnaire methodology. Findings – The results suggested that food-allergic consumers

  17. Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) attitude measurements of the interplanetary dust experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kassel, Philip C., Jr.; Singer, S. Fred; Mulholland, J. Derral; Oliver, John P.; Weinberg, Jerry L.; Cooke, William J.; Wortman, Jim J.; Motley, William R., III

    1992-01-01

    The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) Interplanetary Dust Experiment (IDE) was unique in providing a time history of impacts of micron-sized particles on six orthogonal faces of LDEF during the first year in orbit. The value of this time resolved data depended on and was enhanced by the proper operation of some basic LDEF systems. Thus, the value of the data is greatly enhanced when the location and orientation of LDEF is known for each time of impact. The location and velocity of LDEF as a function of time can be calculated from the 'two-line elements' published by GSFC during the first year of the LDEF mission. The attitude of LDEF was passively stabilized in a gravity-gradient mode and a magnetically anchored viscous damper was used to dissipate roll, pitch, and yaw motions. Finally, the IDE used a standard LDEF Experiment Power and Data System (EPDS) to collect and store data and also to provide a crystal derived clock pulse (1 count every 13.1072 seconds) for all IDE time measurements. All that remained for the IDE was to provide a system to calibrate the clock, eliminating accumulative errors, and also verify the attitude of LDEF. The IDE used solar cells on six orthogonal faces to observe the LDEF sunrise and provide data about the LDEF attitude. The data was recorded by the EPDS about 10 times per day for the first 345 days of the LDEF mission. This data consist of the number of IDE counts since the last LDEF sunrise and the status of the six solar cells (light or dark) at the time of the last IDE count. The EPDS determined the time that data was recorded and includes, with each record, the master EPDS clock counter (1 count every 1.6384 seconds) that provided the range and resolution for time measurements. The IDE solar cells provided data for an excellent clock calibration, meeting their primary purpose, and the time resolved LDEF attitude measurements that can be gleaned from this data are presented.

  18. The Individual Therapy Process Questionnaire: Development and Validation of a Revised Measure to Evaluate General Change Mechanisms in Psychotherapy.

    PubMed

    Mander, Johannes

    2015-07-01

    There is a dearth of measures specifically designed to assess empirically validated mechanisms of therapeutic change. To fill in this research gap, the aim of the current study was to develop a measure that covers a large variety of empirically validated mechanisms of change with corresponding versions for the patient and therapist. To develop an instrument that is based on several important change process frameworks, we combined two established change mechanisms instruments: the Scale for the Multiperspective Assessment of General Change Mechanisms in Psychotherapy (SACiP) and the Scale of the Therapeutic Alliance-Revised (STA-R). In our study, 457 psychosomatic inpatients completed the SACiP and the STA-R and diverse outcome measures in early, middle and late stages of psychotherapy. Data analyses were conducted using factor analyses and multilevel modelling. The psychometric properties of the resulting Individual Therapy Process Questionnaire were generally good to excellent, as demonstrated by (a) exploratory factor analyses on both patient and therapist ratings, (b) CFA on later measuring times, (c) high internal consistencies and (d) significant outcome predictive effects. The parallel forms of the ITPQ deliver opportunities to compare the patient and therapist perspectives for a broader range of facets of change mechanisms than was hitherto possible. Consequently, the measure can be applied in future research to more specifically analyse different change mechanism profiles in session-to-session development and outcome prediction. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key Practitioner Message This article describes the development of an instrument that measures general mechanisms of change in psychotherapy from both the patient and therapist perspectives. Post-session item ratings from both the patient and therapist can be used as feedback to optimize therapeutic processes. We provide a detailed discussion of measures developed to evaluate therapeutic change mechanisms. PMID:24604874

  19. The Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire (SATQ): Development of a Brief Self-Report Measure of Subthreshold Autism Traits

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen M. Kanne; Jennifer Wang; Shawn E. Christ

    The current study was motivated by a need for a self-report questionnaire that assesses a broad range of subthreshold autism\\u000a traits, is brief and easily administered, and is relevant to the general population. An initial item pool was administered\\u000a to 1,709 students. Structural validity analysis resulted in a 24-item questionnaire termed the Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire\\u000a (SATQ; Cronbach’s alpha coefficient = .73,

  20. Leader/Follower synchronization of satellite attitude without angular velocity measurements

    E-print Network

    Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

    a Leader/Follower output feedback synchronization scheme for control of the attitude of two satellites when. A similar result for attitude control of a single spacecraft is found in [5]. In [6], a globally convergent. Output Feedback Tracking: [7] presents a globally con- vergent output feedback attitude tracking control

  1. The development of a measure of safety climate: The role of safety perceptions and attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann M. Williamson; Anne-Marie Feyer; David Cairns; Deborah Biancotti

    1997-01-01

    In understanding the safety climate or culture of a workplace, the perceptions and attitudes of the workforce are important factors in assessing safety needs. Safety solutions may fail if they do not take into account these prevailing attitudes and perceptions. Also, changes in attitudes and perceptions about safety are often likely outcomes of safety interventions. The aim of this study

  2. Measuring Change in Students' Attitudes toward Science Over Time: An Application of Latent Variable Growth Modeling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, Rani

    2000-01-01

    Shows how latent variable growth modeling can be utilized to examine change in students' attitudes toward science over the middle and high school years. Reports that students' attitudes toward science generally decline during the middle and high school years. Defines the factors that affect student attitudes as teacher encouragement, peer…

  3. Measurement of Student Attitudes in First Year Engineering--A Mixed Methods Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, Qaiser Hameed

    2010-01-01

    This research study focused on freshman attitudes towards engineering in a newly implemented cornerstone sequence that emphasized holistic design experiences. The students' initial attitudes and changes in these attitudes were examined with the explanatory mixed methods approach that allows a sequential examination of the target population with…

  4. Scale Development: Heterosexist Attitudes in Women's Collegiate Athletics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullin, Elizabeth M.

    2013-01-01

    Homophobia and heterosexism in women's athletics have been studied extensively using a qualitative approach. Limited research from a quantitative approach has been conducted in the area and none with a sport-specific instrument. The purpose of the current study was to develop a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure heterosexist attitudes in…

  5. Global optimal attitude estimation using uncertainty ellipsoids

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amit K. Sanyal; Taeyoung Lee; Melvin Leok; N. Harris McClamroch

    2008-01-01

    A deterministic attitude estimation problem for a rigid body in a potential field, with bounded attitude and angular velocity measurement errors is considered. An attitude estimation algorithm that globally minimizes the attitude estimation error is obtained. Assuming that the initial attitude, the initial angular velocity and measurement noise lie within given ellipsoidal bounds, an uncertainty ellipsoid that bounds the attitude

  6. The Growing Phenomenon of School Gardens: Measuring Their Variation and Their Affect on Students' Sense of Responsibility and Attitudes toward Science and the Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skelly, Sonja M.; Bradley, Jennifer Campbell

    2007-01-01

    This article summarizes a 2000 study of school garden programs and their variation and the impact of such variation on 427 third-grade students' sense of responsibility and attitudes toward science and the environment. A teacher questionnaire was developed to gain insight into how teachers use school gardens with their students and in their…

  7. Measuring attitudes about intimate partner violence against women: the ATT-IPV scale.

    PubMed

    Yount, Kathryn M; VanderEnde, Kristin; Zureick-Brown, Sarah; Anh, Hoang Tu; Schuler, Sidney Ruth; Minh, Tran Hung

    2014-08-01

    In lower-income settings, women more often than men justify intimate partner violence (IPV). Yet, the role of measurement invariance across gender is unstudied. We developed the ATT-IPV scale to measure attitudes about physical violence against wives in 1,055 married men and women ages 18-50 in My Hao district, Vietnam. Across 10 items about transgressions of the wife, women more often than men agreed that a man had good reason to hit his wife (3 % to 92 %; 0 % to 67 %). In random split-half samples, one-factor exploratory factor analysis (EFA) (N 1 = 527) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) (N 2 = 528) models for nine items with sufficient variability had significant loadings (0.575-0.883; 0.502-0.897) and good fit (RMSEA = 0.068, 0.048; CFI = 0.951, 0.978, TLI = 0.935, 0.970). Three items had significant uniform differential item functioning (DIF) by gender, and adjustment for DIF revealed that measurement noninvariance was partially masking men's lower propensity than women to justify IPV. A CFA model for the six items without DIF had excellent fit (RMSEA = 0.019, CFI = 0.994, TLI = 0.991) and an attitudinal gender gap similar to the DIF-adjusted nine-item model, suggesting that the six-item scale reliably measures attitudes about IPV across gender. Researchers should validate the scale in urban Vietnam and elsewhere and decompose DIF-adjusted gender attitudinal gaps. PMID:24846070

  8. Measuring social support in patients with advanced medical illnesses: An analysis of the Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire.

    PubMed

    Saracino, Rebecca; Kolva, Elissa; Rosenfeld, Barry; Breitbart, William

    2014-09-01

    Objective: To date, no measure of social support has been developed specifically for either palliative care or oncology settings. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Duke-University of North Carolina Functional Social Support Questionnaire (DUFSS) in order to (1) assess the adequacy of the scale in the context of severe medical illness and (2) evaluate whether a brief subset of items might generate roughly comparable utility. Method: The 14-item DUFSS was administered to 1,362 individuals with advanced cancer or AIDS. Classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) analyses were utilized to develop an abbreviated version of the DUFSS that maintained adequate reliability and validity and might increase the feasibility of its administration in a palliative care setting. The reliability and concurrent validity of the DUFSS-5 were evaluated in a separate validation sample of patients with advanced cancer. Results: Analyses generated a five-item version of the DUFSS (the DUFSS-5) that collapsed response levels into only three options, instead of five. Correlations between the DUFSS-5 and measures of depression, quality of life, and desire for hastened death, as well as regression models testing the main-effect and buffering models of social support, provided support for the utility of the DUFSS-5. Significance of results: Both the DUFSS and the abbreviated DUFSS-5 appear to have adequate reliability and validity in this setting. Moreover, the DUFSS-5 represents a potentially important option for healthcare researchers, particularly for those working in palliative care settings where issues of patient burden are paramount. Such analyses are critical for advancing the development and refinement of psychosocial measures, but have often been neglected. PMID:25201170

  9. Evaluation of the prototype dual-axis wall attitude measurement sensor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wong, Douglas T.

    1994-01-01

    A prototype dual-axis electrolytic tilt sensor package for angular position measurements was built and evaluated in a laboratory environment. The objective was to investigate the use of this package for making wind tunnel wall attitude measurements for the National Transonic Facility (NTF) at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The instrumentation may replace an existing, more costly, and less rugged servo accelerometer package (angle-of-attack package) currently in use. The dual-axis electrolytic tilt sensor package contains two commercial electrolytic tilt sensors thermally insulated with NTF foam, all housed within a stainless steel package. The package is actively heated and maintained at 160 F using foil heating elements. The laboratory evaluation consisted of a series of tests to characterize the linearity, repeatability, cross-axis interaction, lead wire effect, step response, thermal time constant, and rectification errors. Tests revealed that the total RMS errors for the x-axis sensor is 0.084 degree, and 0.182 degree for the y-axis sensor. The RMS errors are greater than the 0.01 degree specification required for NTF wall attitude measurements. It is therefore not a viable replacement for the angle-of-attack package in the NTF application. However, with some physical modifications, it can be used as an inexpensive 5-degree range dual-axis inclinometer with overall accuracy approaching 0.01 degree under less harsh environments. Also, the data obtained from the tests can be valuable for wind tunnel applications of most types of electrolytic tilt sensors.

  10. Evaluation of the prototype dual-axis wall attitude measurement sensor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wong, Douglas T.

    1994-02-01

    A prototype dual-axis electrolytic tilt sensor package for angular position measurements was built and evaluated in a laboratory environment. The objective was to investigate the use of this package for making wind tunnel wall attitude measurements for the National Transonic Facility (NTF) at NASA Langley Research Center (LaRC). The instrumentation may replace an existing, more costly, and less rugged servo accelerometer package (angle-of-attack package) currently in use. The dual-axis electrolytic tilt sensor package contains two commercial electrolytic tilt sensors thermally insulated with NTF foam, all housed within a stainless steel package. The package is actively heated and maintained at 160 F using foil heating elements. The laboratory evaluation consisted of a series of tests to characterize the linearity, repeatability, cross-axis interaction, lead wire effect, step response, thermal time constant, and rectification errors. Tests revealed that the total RMS errors for the x-axis sensor is 0.084 degree, and 0.182 degree for the y-axis sensor. The RMS errors are greater than the 0.01 degree specification required for NTF wall attitude measurements. It is therefore not a viable replacement for the angle-of-attack package in the NTF application. However, with some physical modifications, it can be used as an inexpensive 5-degree range dual-axis inclinometer with overall accuracy approaching 0.01 degree under less harsh environments. Also, the data obtained from the tests can be valuable for wind tunnel applications of most types of electrolytic tilt sensors.

  11. Can Alcohol Intake from Mouthwash be Measured in Epidemiological Studies? Development and Validation of Mouthwash Use Questionnaire with Particular Attention to Measuring Alcohol Intake from Mouthwash

    PubMed Central

    Wirth, Tanja; Kawecki, Michal M.; Reeve, Janice; Cunningham, Claudia; Bovaird, Iain

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the mouthwash use questionnaire to determine the lifetime exposure to alcohol from mouthwash and verify that it was suitable for use in general population. Material and Methods Data were available from three consecutive studies, all collecting information on mouthwash use. In addition, supermarkets and online stores were screened for the brands of mouthwash they sold. Alcohol content of mouthwash was identified from various sources, including laboratory measurements. Alcohol-containing mouthwash use was converted to glasses of wine equivalent. Results Mouthwash was used by 62% of the participants, and the main benefits reported were refreshment of bad breath (75%), elimination of bacteria (68%) and reduction of plaque formation (47%). Majority mouthwashes used by the participants contained alcohol (61%). Life-time exposure from alcohol in mouthwash was relatively small for most of the study participants: 79% had rinsed for less than one year with alcohol equivalent of one glass of wine per day. There was substantial agreement in mouthwash reporting between different occasions (Kappa > 0.62). Conclusions The questionnaire can be used to investigate mouthwash use in the general population and to measure alcohol intake from mouthwash. PMID:24422013

  12. Investigations of an integrated angular velocity measurement and attitude control system for spacecraft using magnetically suspended double-gimbal CMGs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Shiqiang; Han, Bangcheng

    2013-06-01

    This paper presents an integrated angular velocity measurement and attitude control system of spacecraft using magnetically suspended double-gimbal control moment gyros (MSDGCMGs). The high speed rotor of MSDGCMG is alleviated by a five-degree-of-freedom permanent magnet biased AMB control system. With this special rotor supported manner, the MSDGCMG has the function of attitude rate sensing as well as attitude control. This characteristic provides a new approach to a compact light-weight spacecraft design, which can combine these two functions into a single device. This paper discusses the principles and implementations of AMB-based angular velocity measurement. Spacecraft dynamics with DGMSCMG actuators, including the dynamics of magnetically suspended high-speed rotor, the dynamics of inner gimbal and outer gimbal, as well as the determination method of spacecraft angular velocity are modeled, respectively. The effectiveness of the proposed integrated system is also validated numerically and experimentally.

  13. Reproducibility and validity of semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire measuring dietary trans-fatty acids intake among Korean adults

    PubMed Central

    Oh, Seung-Won; Lee, Eun

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Compelling evidence indicates that consumption of trans-fatty acids (TFA) is associated with a wide range of diseases. However, few validated tools for TFA intake assessment are available in Korea. We aimed to validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) estimating usual intake of TFA in Korean adults. MATERIALS/METHODS Eighty-two healthy adults completed an FFQ with a 3-day diet record (3DDR), and 58 completed a second FFQ at a 1-month interval. To assess the reproducibility of the FFQ, we compared estimated TFA intakes from each FFQ. To assess the validity, we compared estimates from the FFQ with those from the 3DDR. RESULTS The FFQ was reproducible (Spearman r = 0.71) and provided modest correlations with the 3DDR (Spearman r = 0.38). After adjustment for total energy intake, the correlations increased (r = 0.45). Measurement-error correction also de-attenuated the correlations (r = 0.57). When quintiles of the FFQ and 3DDR were joint-classified, 9% on average were misclassified into extreme quintiles. CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that the developed FFQ is reproducible and reasonably valid in categorizing individuals according to TFA intakes among healthy young and middle aged adults in Korea. PMID:25671075

  14. Measuring social reactions to female survivors of alcohol-involved sexual assault: the social reactions questionnaire-alcohol.

    PubMed

    Relyea, Mark; Ullman, Sarah E

    2015-07-01

    For women who disclose sexual assault, social reactions can affect post-assault adjustment. Approximately half of the sexual assaults of adult women involve alcohol use. Experimental studies indicate that people put more blame on women who were drinking before the assault, yet no studies have assessed how often actual survivors receive social reactions specific to their alcohol use. This study presents a new measure to assess alcohol-specific social reactions for survivors of sexual assault (The Social Reactions Questionnaire-Alcohol, SRQ-A). Factor analyses of a large community sample indicated that women often receive both positive and negative alcohol-specific reactions when disclosing assault. Discriminant validity confirmed that such reactions are distinct from other types of assault-related social reactions. Against predictions, alcohol-specific reactions were not associated with depression, posttraumatic stress symptoms, binge drinking, or intoxication. However, in support of the hypotheses, alcohol-specific reactions were related to increased characterological self-blame and alcohol problems. Notably, such reactions had both positive and negative relationships with self-blame, indicating a potential avenue for intervention. Implications for researchers and practitioners are discussed. PMID:25253018

  15. Development of a disease-specific questionnaire to measure health-related quality of life in liver transplant recipients.

    PubMed

    Saab, Sammy; Ng, Vivian; Landaverde, Carmen; Lee, Sung-Jae; Comulada, W Scott; Arevalo, Jennifer; Durazo, Francisco; Han, Steven-Huy; Younossi, Zobari; Busuttil, Ronald W

    2011-05-01

    Currently, no disease-targeted instrument is available for measuring health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in liver transplant recipients. We developed and tested a post-liver transplant quality of life (pLTQ) instrument. Item selection for the pLTQ instrument was based on responses from liver transplant recipients, 12 liver experts, and a literature search. Impact scores were generated, and a factor analysis was conducted to organize the items into domains. Questions were constructed for each item, and redundant questions were removed. The pLTQ instrument was initially administered to 196 liver transplant patients and then was again administered to 77 patients 6 to 9 months later with a generic HRQOL survey [Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36)]. Analysis of variance was used to compare the scores of patients at different times since transplantation and with various indications for transplantation. After redundancies were eliminated, the pLTQ instrument included 32 items in 8 domains: Emotional Function, Worry, Medications, Physical Function, Healthcare, Graft Rejection Concern, Financial, and Pain. We found stable pLTQ instrument and SF-36 instrument scores over time. Data 6 to 9 months after the initial assessment indicated stable quality of life outcomes. The pLTQ instrument is applicable to a variety of liver transplant recipients. The questionnaire was tested with a cross-sectional and longitudinal approach. PMID:21506245

  16. Safety climate in an automobile manufacturing plant : The effects of work environment, job communication and safety attitudes on accidents and unsafe behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon Clarke

    2006-01-01

    Purpose – The study aims to examine the safety attitudes of workers, supervisors and managers in a UK-based car manufacturing plant, and their relationship with unsafe behaviour and accidents. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A questionnaire methodology is used to measure safety attitudes and perceptions. The data are analysed using factor analysis and hierarchical multiple regression. Findings – The factor structure of the

  17. On the Relationship Between Attitude Involvement and Attitude Accessibility: Toward a Cognitive-Motivational Model of Political Information Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Lavine; Eugene Borgida; John L. Sullivan

    2000-01-01

    A model of the relationship between attitude involvement and attitude accessibility was developed and tested. The model specifies that attitude involvement leads to selective (biased) issue-related information-gathering strategies, which in turn produce extreme and univalent (unambivalent) attitudes. Finally, attitudes associated with univalent and extreme underlying structures should occasion relatively little decision conflict and thus should be highly accessible. Questionnaire response

  18. Therapists' Attitudes about and Preferences to Use Relationship Focused Interventions: New Tools to Measure a Critical Component of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terry, Christeine M.; Kohlenberg, Robert J.

    2012-01-01

    The primary study aims were to create reliable measures of therapists' attitudes about and preferences to use Relationship Focused Interventions (RFIs), and investigate factors that influence them. Explicit and implicit measures of therapists' attitudes and preferences were administered to a national sample of mental health trainees and FAP…

  19. Measuring safety climate on offshore installations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathryn Mearns; Rhona Flin; Rachale Gordon; Mark Fleming

    1998-01-01

    The human and organizational factors affecting safety were examined on 10 offshore installations using the Offshore Safety Questionnaire. The questionnaire contained scales measuring work pressure and work clarity, job communication, safety behaviour, risk perception, satisfaction with safety measures and safety attitudes. A total of 722 UK offshore workers (33% response rate) from a range of occupations completed and returned the

  20. Measurement of attitudes toward commercial development of geothermal energy in Federal Region IX. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-06-01

    A survey was conducted of ten target study groups and subgroups for Klamath Falls, Oregon, and Susanville, California: local government, current and potential industry at the site, relocators to the site, current and potential financial community, regulators, and current and potential promoters and developers. The results of benchmark attitudinal measurement is presented separately for each target group. A literature review was conducted and Macro-environmental attitudes of a sample of local government and industry personnel at the sites were assessed. An assessment of capabilities was made which involved two measurements. The first was a measurement of a sample of promoters, developers, and industrial service companies active at the site to determine infrastructure capabilities required by industry for geothermal plants. The second measurement involved analyzing a sample of industry management in the area and defining their requirements for plant retrofit and expansion. Finally, the processes used by the study group to analyze information to reach commitment and regulatory decisions that significantly impact on geothermal energy projects at the site were identified and defined.

  1. Development and Psychometric Properties of the Math and Me Survey: Measuring Third through Sixth Graders' Attitudes toward Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelson, Jill L.; McCoach, D. Betsy

    2011-01-01

    The Math and Me Survey was designed to measure elementary students' attitudes toward mathematics. The authors conducted content validation, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory, reliability, and external validity analyses to improve it and to test its psychometric properties. The final Math and Me Survey…

  2. Cigarette Smoking Practice and Attitudes, and Proposed Effective Smoking Cessation Measures among College Student Smokers in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cui, Yanping; Ying, Mao; Fan, Hongqi

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the average daily consumption of cigarettes and its correlates, attitudes toward smoking, and suggestions for anti-smoking measures in a sample of Chinese college student smokers. Design/methodology/approach: A sample of 150 college student cigarette smokers in Baoding, a city near Beijing, filled out a…

  3. Measuring Attitude toward Theistic Faith: Assessing the Astley-Francis Scale among Christian, Muslim and Secular Youth in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.; Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Alongside a family of instruments designed to measure the attitudinal dimension of religion within specific faith contexts (Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism), the Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith was designed to assess the attitudinal dimension of religion within a multifaith context. Drawing on a sample of 4338…

  4. The Primary Practices Questionnaire (PPQ): The Development and Validation of an Instrument Measuring Teachers' Perceptions of Their Implementation of "Developmentally Appropriate" Responsive Practices in the Primary Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connelly, Kimberly A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a newly developed survey instrument, the "Primary Practices Questionnaire" ("PPQ"), designed to measure first, second, and third grade teachers' perceived use of developmentally appropriate practices. The initial item pool was reviewed for content…

  5. A 7-ITEM VERSUS A 31-ITEM FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE FOR MEASURING FRUIT, JUICE AND VEGETABLE INTAKE AMONG A PREDOMINANTLY AFRICAN AMERICAN POPULATION

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This study sought to determine which of 2 fruit and vegetable food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) most closely approximated intake measured by the average of four 24-hour dietary recalls. Participants completed either a 31-item FFQ (n = 70) or 7-item FFQ (n = 76) on 2 occasions approximately 2 week...

  6. Reliability of Self-Report Measures of Drug Use in Prevention Research: Evaluation of the Project SMART Questionnaire via the Test-Retest Reliability Matrix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, John W.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Describes an evaluation of a self-report questionnaire administered to seventh graders (N=396). Using the test-retest reliability matrix, eight of nine drug-use indices appeared to have acceptable to good reliability. The three measures included in the test-retest reliability matrix provide stronger evidence for good reliability than could any…

  7. Cross-Validation of the Self-Appraisal Questionnaire (SAQ): An Offender Risk and Need Assessment Measure on Australian, British, Canadian, Singaporean, and American Offenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loza, Wagdy; Cumbleton, Anita; Shahinfar, Ariana; Neo, Lee Hong; Evans, Maggie; Conley, Michael; Summers, Roger

    2004-01-01

    The Self-Appraisal Questionnaire (SAQ) is a 72-item self-report measure designed to predict violent and nonviolent recidivism among adult criminal offenders. The results from using samples from Australia, Canada, England, Singapore, and two samples from the United States (North Carolina and Pennsylvania) indicated that (a) the SAQ has sound…

  8. Measurement of asthma control according to global initiative for asthma guidelines: a comparison with the asthma control questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) is a validated tool to measure asthma control. Cut-off points that best discriminate “well-controlled” or “not well-controlled” asthma have been suggested from the analysis of a large randomized clinical trial but they may not be adequate for daily clinical practice. Aims To establish cut-off points of the ACQ that best discriminate the level of control according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2006 guidelines in patients with asthma managed at Allergology and Pulmonology Departments as well as Primary Care Centers in Spain. Patients and methods An epidemiological descriptive study, with prospective data collection. Asthma control following GINA-2006 classification and 7-item ACQ was assessed. The study population was split in two parts: 2/3 for finding the cut-off points (development population) and 1/3 for validating the results (validation population). Results A total of 1,363 stable asthmatic patients were included (mean age 38?±?14?years, 60.3% women; 69.1% non-smokers). Patient classification according to GINA-defined asthma control was: controlled 13.6%, partially controlled 34.2%, and uncontrolled 52.3%. The ACQ cut-off points that better agreed with GINA-defined asthma control categories were calculated using receiver operating curves (ROC). The analysis showed that ACQ?

  9. Comparative analysis of positive and negative attitudes toward statistics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghulami, Hassan Rahnaward; Ab Hamid, Mohd Rashid; Zakaria, Roslinazairimah

    2015-02-01

    Many statistics lecturers and statistics education researchers are interested to know the perception of their students' attitudes toward statistics during the statistics course. In statistics course, positive attitude toward statistics is a vital because it will be encourage students to get interested in the statistics course and in order to master the core content of the subject matters under study. Although, students who have negative attitudes toward statistics they will feel depressed especially in the given group assignment, at risk for failure, are often highly emotional, and could not move forward. Therefore, this study investigates the students' attitude towards learning statistics. Six latent constructs have been the measurement of students' attitudes toward learning statistic such as affect, cognitive competence, value, difficulty, interest, and effort. The questionnaire was adopted and adapted from the reliable and validate instrument of Survey of Attitudes towards Statistics (SATS). This study is conducted among engineering undergraduate engineering students in the university Malaysia Pahang (UMP). The respondents consist of students who were taking the applied statistics course from different faculties. From the analysis, it is found that the questionnaire is acceptable and the relationships among the constructs has been proposed and investigated. In this case, students show full effort to master the statistics course, feel statistics course enjoyable, have confidence that they have intellectual capacity, and they have more positive attitudes then negative attitudes towards statistics learning. In conclusion in terms of affect, cognitive competence, value, interest and effort construct the positive attitude towards statistics was mostly exhibited. While negative attitudes mostly exhibited by difficulty construct.

  10. Precise Attitude Determination for Rendez-Vous and Docking by Information Fusion of Laser Range Finder Measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strietzel, Roland

    For the docking of spacecrafts a highly precise attitude and position control is necessary. This requires an adequate measurement of the relative position and attitude of the docking spacecrafts. Here is presented, how a rendezvous and docking sensor (RVS) consisting of a laser range finder (LRF) with a scanning mirror system and a set of retro reflectors can be used to measure the necessary data. The active part of the measurement system is mounted on the chaser. The passive part forms the target pattern and is a set of three or more retro reflectors mounted on the space station. A laser beam scans the field of view and detects the range and the line of sight of each retro reflector of the target successively (Fig. 1). The sequence of the LRF measurements of the moving chaser is processed in a special multi-model state observer (Fig. 2). In this way the results of the retro measurements are composed to the relative position and attitude between chaser and target. Because of the sequential measurement y of the single retro reflectors from the moving chaser, a precise determination of the attitude can only be performed, if all the state variables x* of position and attitude with the belonging velocities of the rigid chaser are estimated. The availability of the complete state vector also supports the application of state feedback control of the chaser motion. Fig. 1. Scanning laser radar with target pattern Fig. 2. Multi-model state observer for sequential retro measurements (right) The observer computes with increasing accuracy in time the 12 state variables of relative position and attitude (Euler angles or quaternions) with respect to the target as well as the translatory and rotatory velocities. It models a reduced discrete-time state equation system (k, ) of the chaser and the LRF measurements to the different retro reflectors. So for each retro reflector a partial model depending on its position in the target pattern exists (As, C). Information fusion to reduce the uncertainty of the state vector means, that each retro reflector measurement gives a specific contribution to determine the state variables and to increase their accuracy in the sequence. The dynamic behaviour of the observer, its stability, its approaching behaviour and its accuracy depend mainly on the set of observer feedback matrices H and the initial conditions of the state vector x*(0) to be estimated. The obtained algorithms are simulated under the conditions of a usual flight scenario and the results are discussed. A short observer transient time of 4 or 5 measurement cycles k can be reached.

  11. Measuring The Attitudes Of Australian Food Manufacturers Towards Genetically Modified (GM) Foods - A Pilot Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frances Woodside; Gabriel Ogunmokun; Leslie R. Brown

    Consumer acceptance of Genetically Modified (GM) foods varies amongst countries, Europeans generally show low levels of acceptance and US consumers are seen as divided in attitudes. As acceptance is essential for the adoption of new technologies in food production and the ultimate market success of new food products, this study, unlike prior Australian research, which has focused on consumer attitudes

  12. The Development of an Instrument to Measure Teacher Attitudes toward Evaluation (TATE).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Carolyn; Rosenquist, Barbara

    A teacher's attitudes toward a given testing procedure in particular, and evaluation and research procedures in general, may adversely affect the children's performance and consequently the resulting data. The UCLA Head Start Evaluation and Research Center found it necessary to design an instrument which would focus on those attitudes of teachers…

  13. Validity of a Brief Measure of Parental Affective Attitudes in High-Risk Preschoolers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, Rebecca; Gardner, Frances; Dishion, Thomas J.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Wilson, Melvin N.

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated psychometric properties of the Family Affective Attitude Rating Scale (FAARS) for assessing parents' thoughts and feelings about their child, coded from a 5-min speech sample. Parental affective attitudes derive from previous experiences of parenting and child behavior, representations of the parent-child…

  14. Public Attitudes towards Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities as Measured by the Concept of Social Distance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ouellette-Kuntz, Helene; Burge, Philip; Brown, Hilary K.; Arsenault, Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Background: While current practices strive to include individuals with intellectual disabilities in community opportunities, stigmatizing attitudes held by the public can be a barrier to achieving true social inclusion. Methods: A sample of 625 community members completed the Social Distance Subscale of the Multidimensional Attitude Scale on…

  15. Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instructional Technology: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the TAC and TAT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shattuck, Dominick; Corbell, Kristen A.; Osbourne, Jason W.; Knezek, Gerald; Christensen, Rhonda; Grable, Lisa Leonor

    2011-01-01

    In this article the authors present a confirmatory factor analysis of the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Computers (TAC) and the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Information Technology (TAT) scales by Christensen and Knezek (1996, 1998) using large samples from three states. The TAC was reduced from 98 items and nine factors to 35 items and eight factors,…

  16. Two short questionnaires on leisure-time physical activity compared with serum lipids, anthropometric measurements and aerobic power in a suburban population from Oslo, Norway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sidsel Graff-Iversen; Sigmund Alfred Anderssen; Ingar Morten Holme; Anne Karen Jenum; Truls Raastad

    2008-01-01

    The aim was to indirectly validate two short postal questionnaires measuring leisure-time physical activity (LPA) by comparing\\u000a the answers with serum lipids and anthropometric measurements. Methods All inhabitants aged 31–67 years in two suburban, multicultural areas of Oslo, Norway were invited to “Romsås in Motion”,\\u000a a community intervention survey, in 2000. Of those, 2950 participants (48%) met and were re-invited in

  17. Evaluating the Structure of the Mathematics Teacher Questionnaire: A Measure of Exposure to Mathematics Instructional Practices and Content

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ottmar, Erin R.; Konold, Timothy R.; Berry, Robert Q.; Grissmer, David W.; Cameron, Claire E.

    2014-01-01

    Psychometric properties of 24 items from the fifth grade Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort Mathematics Teacher Questionnaire were investigated in a sample of 5,181 participants. These items asked teachers to report how often they had their classroom students engage in different mathematics content, skills and instructional…

  18. Measuring the effects of online health information for patients: Item generation for an e-health impact questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Laura; Jenkinson, Crispin; Ziebland, Sue

    2013-01-01

    Objective The internet is a valuable resource for accessing health information and support. We are developing an instrument to assess the effects of websites with experiential and factual health information. This study aimed to inform an item pool for the proposed questionnaire. Methods Items were informed through a review of relevant literature and secondary qualitative analysis of 99 narrative interviews relating to patient and carer experiences of health. Statements relating to identified themes were re-cast as questionnaire items and shown for review to an expert panel. Cognitive debrief interviews (n = 21) were used to assess items for face and content validity. Results Eighty-two generic items were identified following secondary qualitative analysis and expert review. Cognitive interviewing confirmed the questionnaire instructions, 62 items and the response options were acceptable to patients and carers. Conclusion Using a clear conceptual basis to inform item generation, 62 items have been identified as suitable to undergo further psychometric testing. Practice implications The final questionnaire will initially be used in a randomized controlled trial examining the effects of online patient's experiences. This will inform recommendations on the best way to present patients’ experiences within health information websites. PMID:23598293

  19. A note on job performance: Differences between respondent and nonrespondent salesmen to an attitude survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wayne K. Kirchner; Nancy M. Mousley

    1963-01-01

    Salesmen respondents (N = 72) and nonrespondents (N = 19) to a mail attitude questionnaire were compared in terms of 2 objective measures of performance: net sales points and net total points. Mean scores on both measures were significantly higher for respondents than for nonrespondents. These results tended to follow results of other studies in nonindustrial settings that suggested volunteers

  20. Internet Use Frequency and Patient-Centered Care: Measuring Patient Preferences for Participation Using the Health Information Wants Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Mo; Feldman, Robert; Zhou, Le

    2013-01-01

    Background The Internet is bringing fundamental changes to medical practice through improved access to health information and participation in decision making. However, patient preferences for participation in health care vary greatly. Promoting patient-centered health care requires an understanding of the relationship between Internet use and a broader range of preferences for participation than previously measured. Objective To explore (1) whether there is a significant relationship between Internet use frequency and patients’ overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, and (2) whether the relationships between Internet use frequency and information and decision-making preferences differ with respect to different aspects of health conditions. Methods The Health Information Wants Questionnaire (HIWQ) was administered to gather data about patients’ preferences for the (1) amount of information desired about different aspects of a health condition, and (2) level of decision-making autonomy desired across those same aspects. Results The study sample included 438 individuals: 226 undergraduates (mean age 20; SD 2.15) and 212 community-dwelling older adults (mean age 72; SD 9.00). A significant difference was found between the younger and older age groups’ Internet use frequencies, with the younger age group having significantly more frequent Internet use than the older age group (younger age group mean 5.98, SD 0.33; older age group mean 3.50, SD 2.00; t 436=17.42, P<.01). Internet use frequency was positively related to the overall preference rating (?=.15, P<.05), suggesting that frequent Internet users preferred significantly more information and decision making than infrequent Internet users. The relationships between Internet use frequency and different types of preferences varied: compared with infrequent Internet users, frequent Internet users preferred more information but less decision making for diagnosis (?=.57, P<.01); more information and more decision-making autonomy for laboratory test (?=.15, P<.05), complementary and alternative medicine (?=.32, P<.01), and self-care (?=.15, P<.05); and less information but more decision-making autonomy for the psychosocial (?=-.51, P<.01) and health care provider (?=-.27, P<.05) aspects. No significant difference was found between frequent and infrequent Internet users in their preferences for treatment information and decision making. Conclusions Internet use frequency has a positive relationship with the overall preferences for obtaining health information and decision-making autonomy, but its relationship with different types of preferences varies. These findings have important implications for medical practice. PMID:23816979

  1. Measurement of acute nonspecific low back pain perception in primary care physical therapy: reliability and validity of the brief illness perception questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The eight-item Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire is used as a screening instrument in physical therapy to assess mental defeat in patients with acute low back pain, besides patient perception might determine the course and risk for chronic low back pain. However, the psychometric properties of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire in common musculoskeletal disorders like acute low back pain have not been adequately studied. Patients’ perceptions vary across different populations and affect coping styles. Thus, our aim was to determine the internal consistency, test-retest reliability and validity of the Dutch language version of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire in acute non-specific low back pain patients in primary care physical therapy. Methods A non-experimental cross-sectional study with two measurements was performed. Eighty-four acute low back pain patients, in multidisciplinary health care center in Dutch primary care with a sample mean (SD) age of 42 (12) years, participated in the study. Internal consistency (Cronbach’s ?) and test-retest procedures (Intraclass Correlation Coefficients and limits of agreement) were evaluated at a one-week interval. The concurrent validity of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire was examined by using the Mental Health Component of the Short Form 36 Health Survey. Results The Cronbach’s ? for internal consistency was 0.73 (95% CI, 0.67 – 0.83); and the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient test-retest reliability was acceptable: 0.72 (95% CI, 0.53 – 0.82), however, the limits of agreement were large. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient measuring concurrent validity 0.65 (95% CI, 0.46 – 0.80). Conclusion The Dutch version of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire is an appropriate instrument for measuring patients’ perceptions in acute low back pain patients, showing acceptable internal consistency and reliability. Concurrent validity is adequate, however, the instrument may be unsuitable for detecting changes in low back pain perception over time. PMID:23369321

  2. The Effectiveness of Remedial Arithmetic Courses in Three Selected California Community Colleges as Measured by Improvement in Arithmetic Skills and Attitudes Toward Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randall, John Douglas

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of required remedial arithmetic courses in three community colleges. Student improvement in arithmetic skills and attitude towards mathematics were measured by pre- and post-course scores on the SCAT and the Rabinowitz Mathematics Attitude Scale. A total of 884 students was involved. It…

  3. Independent prescribing by pharmacists: a study of the awareness, views and attitudes of Scottish community pharmacists

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johnson George; David Pfleger; Dorothy McCaig; Christine Bond; Derek Stewart

    2006-01-01

    Aims  To investigate community pharmacists’ awareness, views and attitudes relating to independent prescribing by community pharmacists and their perceptions of competence and training needs for the management of some common conditions.Setting  Community pharmacies in Scotland.Method  A pre-piloted postal questionnaire was mailed to 500 randomly selected community pharmacies in Scotland for completion by the ‘main pharmacist’.Main outcome measures  Scottish community pharmacists’ awareness, views and attitudes

  4. College Students' Attitudes toward Sexuality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medina, Marianna K.

    This study was conducted to investigate the sexual attitudes of college students (N=384) at a Western Kansas university. Students completed the Sexual Attitudes Scale, the Personal Attribute Inventory, and a demographic questionnaire examining gender, birth order, family structure, and age at which one started dating. Of 20 main effects…

  5. Design of a new attitude measurement and control system for satellite in geosynchronous orbit using stars detection reference

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szczepaniak, R.; Bailly, M.; Duchon, P.; Albukerque, J.; Krebs, J.

    1987-10-01

    A new concept of attitude measurement for satellite control in GEO orbit applicable for various missions is described. Two three-axis star sensors whose field of view are 7 per 9 degrees are placed 120 deg away from each other. The measurements are sensitive to roll, pitch, yaw, and position in orbit. Using a precise on-board orbital model, the three attitude angles can be split to provide a yaw detection. Pointing budgets are improved with respect to earth-sensor-based measurement assemblies in normal mode and remain unchanged for station-keeping despite gyroless detection. No gyro information is needed in operational modes-normal mode station keeping. The major drawback is the software complexity.

  6. Measuring Children's Environmental Attitudes and Values in Northwest Mexico: Validating a Modified Version of Measures to Test the Model of Ecological Values (2-MEV)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneller, A. J.; Johnson, B.; Bogner, F. X.

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the validation process of measuring children's attitudes and values toward the environment within a Mexican sample. We applied the Model of Ecological Values (2-MEV), which has been shown to be valid and reliable in 20 countries, including one Spanish speaking culture. Items were initially modified to fit the regional…

  7. Relative position and attitude estimation for Inner-Formation Gravity Measurement Satellite System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dang, Zhaohui; Zhang, Yulin

    2011-09-01

    Inner-Formation Gravity Measurement Satellite System (IFGMSS) is used to map the gravity field of the Earth. The IFGMSS consists of two satellites, in which one is the inner satellite; the other is the outer satellite. The inner satellite flies in the cavity of the outer satellite and is affected only by the Earth gravitational force. To detect the relative position of the inner satellite in real time, it has suggested an optical scheme to observe the mass center of the inner satellite. This paper describes a modified Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) algorithm to estimate the relative motion between inner satellite and outer satellite. An integrated relative rotational and translational dynamics is constructed when the outer satellite tracking the inner satellite. Particular attention is given to the nonlinearity due to the coupled dynamics between the translational and rotational motion equations. Simulation results are presented in order to validate the proposed estimation scheme with and without control. Three different scenarios are simulated to validate the effectiveness of this approach. And the results showed that the estimation accuracy is affected by the nonlinearity of the dynamics. Through analysis, the proposed estimation algorithm is able to provide high accurate relative attitude and position estimation for the IFGMSS.

  8. A Short Scale for the Measurment of Change in Verbal Racial Attitude

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ard, Nicholas; Cook, Stuart W.

    1977-01-01

    An existing multidimensional racial attitude inventory was adapted from an agree-disagree format to a rating format. Evidence is presented that this adaptation was successfully accomplished while maintaining strong correspondence to the original, validated instrument. (Author/JKS)

  9. Measuring angler attitudes toward the catch-related aspects of recreational fishing

    E-print Network

    Anderson, David K.

    2005-11-01

    the scale. Consumptive orientation was defined as the attitude anglers hold towards catching fish, including catching something, retaining fish (as opposed to releasing), catching large fish (size), and catching large amounts of fish (numbers). In order...

  10. Validity and reproducibility of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire for the measurement of the physical activity level in patients after total knee arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The need for valid and reproducible questionnaires to routinely assess the physical activity level of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is of particular concern in clinical settings. Aims of this study were to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of the physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE) questionnaire in TKA patients, with a particular view on gender differences. Methods A total of 50 elderly patients (25 women and 25 men aged 70?±?6 years) following primary unilateral TKA were recruited. The reproducibility was evaluated by administering the PASE questionnaire during two occasions separated by 7 days. The construct (criterion) validity was investigated by comparing the physical activity level reported by patients in the PASE questionnaire to that measured by accelerometry. Reproducibility was evaluated using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC3,1) for reliability and standard error of measurement (SEM) and smallest detectable change (SDC) for agreement, while validity was investigated with Pearson correlation coefficients. Results Reliability of the PASE total score was acceptable for men (ICC?=?0.77) but not for women (ICC?=?0.58). Its agreement was low for both men and women, as witnessed by high SEM (32% and 35%, respectively) and SDC (89% and 97%, respectively). Construct validity of the PASE total score was low in both men (r?=?0.45) and women (r?=?0.06). Conclusions The PASE questionnaire has several validity and reproducibility shortcomings, therefore its use is not recommended for the assessment of physical activity level in patients after TKA, particularly in women. PMID:24555852

  11. Subjectivity in the Perception and Measurement of Quality of Life: Conceptualization and Development of the Seville Questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jose Giner; Elena Ibáñez; Dolores Franco; Renato D. Alarcón

    2008-01-01

    Quality of life (QoL) is a significant parameter in estimating the social and interpersonal impact of psychopathology, clinical\\u000a course, and response to treatment in many mental illnesses, particularly schizophrenia. The clinician’s assessment and patient’s\\u000a subjective report are essential ingredients of this process. We describe the development and structure of a QoL questionnaire\\u000a based on the patient’s subjective understanding of the

  12. Development of an instrument for measuring attitudes of early childhood educators towards science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ruth Coulson

    1992-01-01

    The attitude towards science of first year early childhood education students was explored using an instrument developed for\\u000a the purpose. The instrument comprises four Likert-type scales, biographical items and two open-ended attitude items. The four\\u000a scales, characterised as ‘confidence’, ‘enjoyment’, ‘usefulness’ and ‘appropriateness of science for young children’, were\\u000a supported by varimax factor analysis and had reliabilities from 0.83 to

  13. Factor analytic study of two questionnaires measuring oral health-related quality of life among children and adults in New Zealand, Germany and Poland.

    PubMed

    Tapsoba, H; Deschamps, J P; Leclercq, M H

    2000-01-01

    A questionnaire designed to measure oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) in adults and children was assessed for its factorial structure and reliability using data from the Second International Collaborative Study on Oral Health Outcomes in New Zealand, Poland and Germany. Principal component analysis with orthogonal and oblique rotation was applied. The three-factor structure hypothesized for the children's questionnaire (self-reported oral disease symptoms, perceived oral well-being, social and physical functioning) was confirmed in New Zealand and Poland, and two self-reported oral disease symptom dimensions emerged in Germany. Five factors instead of the three hypothesized were identified for adults: two dimensions of symptoms were identified, and social and physical functioning appeared to be independent dimensions of OHRQOL. Similarity between the factors was demonstrated in all three countries. The reliability of the questionnaire ranged from moderate to excellent depending on the dimension and the country. These findings provide preliminary evidence of the cross-cultural stability of the OHRQOL questionnaire in New Zealand, Poland and Germany, for both children and adults. Further investigations by the present authors of the properties of the instrument in other samples will focus on demonstrating the stability and replicability of the factor structure identified here. PMID:11190010

  14. Estimation of Attitude and External Acceleration Using Inertial Sensor Measurement During Various Dynamic Conditions

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jung Keun; Park, Edward J.; Robinovitch, Stephen N.

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a Kalman filter-based attitude (i.e., roll and pitch) estimation algorithm using an inertial sensor composed of a triaxial accelerometer and a triaxial gyroscope. In particular, the proposed algorithm has been developed for accurate attitude estimation during dynamic conditions, in which external acceleration is present. Although external acceleration is the main source of the attitude estimation error and despite the need for its accurate estimation in many applications, this problem that can be critical for the attitude estimation has not been addressed explicitly in the literature. Accordingly, this paper addresses the combined estimation problem of the attitude and external acceleration. Experimental tests were conducted to verify the performance of the proposed algorithm in various dynamic condition settings and to provide further insight into the variations in the estimation accuracy. Furthermore, two different approaches for dealing with the estimation problem during dynamic conditions were compared, i.e., threshold-based switching approach versus acceleration model-based approach. Based on an external acceleration model, the proposed algorithm was capable of estimating accurate attitudes and external accelerations for short accelerated periods, showing its high effectiveness during short-term fast dynamic conditions. Contrariwise, when the testing condition involved prolonged high external accelerations, the proposed algorithm exhibited gradually increasing errors. However, as soon as the condition returned to static or quasi-static conditions, the algorithm was able to stabilize the estimation error, regaining its high estimation accuracy. PMID:22977288

  15. Improvement in Quality of Life Questionnaire Measures (PCOSQ) in Obese Adolescent Females with PCOS treated with Lifestyle Changes and Oral Contraceptives, with or without Metformin

    PubMed Central

    Harris-Glocker, Miranda; Davidson, Kristin; Kochman, Lynda; Guzick, David; Hoeger, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    We studied the effect of metformin or placebo in a lifestyle modification program (LSM) combined with oral contraceptives (OC) on quality of life parameters measured by the PCOS questionnaire (PCOSQ) in obese adolescent women with validated PCOS. The quality of life indicators were measured at baseline and conclusion for 5 domains on the PCOSQ, with equal improvement in scores in both placebo and Metformin groups, suggesting metformin addition does not add improvement to quality of life measures above those observed with lifestyle modification and oral contraceptive treatment. PMID:19781696

  16. Spacecraft Attitude Determination Methods

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markley, F. Landis; Bauer, Frank H. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    This document is presentation in viewgraph form, which outlines the methods of determining spacecraft attitude. The presentation reviews several parameterizations relating to spacecraft attitude, such as Euler's Theorem, Rodriques parameters, and Euler-Rodriques parameters or Quaternion. Onboard attitude determination is the norm, using either single frame or filtering methods. The presentation reviews several mathematical representations of attitude. The mechanisms for determining attitude on board the Hubble Space Telescope, the Tropical Rainfall and Measuring Mission and the Solar Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer are reviewed. Wahba's problem, Procrustes Problem, and some solutions are also summarized.

  17. Measuring Attitudes toward Gender Norms among Young Men in Brazil: Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the GEM Scale

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Pulerwitz; Gary Barker

    2007-01-01

    This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of a twenty-four-item scale to measure attitudes toward gender norms among young men: the Gender-Equitable Men (GEM) Scale. Scale items on gender norms related to sexual and reproductive health, sexual relations, violence, domestic work, and homophobia are designed. Items are based on previous qualitative work in the community and a literature review

  18. Attitudes to spanking children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrian Furnham

    1995-01-01

    One-hundred and thirty-six adults completed a 10-item questionnaire on the spanking of children. Three clear factors emerged concerned with pro-spanking attitudes; the rarity of spanking; and alternatives to spanking. Overall subjects were against spanking though more conservative voters tended to be more pro than anti.

  19. Animal protection measures in Taiwan: Taiwanese attitudes toward the animal protection law and animal shelters.

    PubMed

    Weng, Hsin-Yi; Kass, Philip H; Hart, Lynette A; Chomel, Bruno B

    2006-01-01

    This study used a questionnaire, self-administered by 387 Taiwanese citizens, to assess Taiwanese perception and knowledge of the Animal Protection Law and perception and use of animal shelters. Most respondents (87%) knew that Taiwan has legal protection for animals. A -5 to 5 summary score measured knowledge of companion animal dog-related legal requirements. The median score was 3, indicating that almost all respondents had inadequate knowledge about these requirements. Although more dog caregivers had adequate knowledge of the law than did nondog caregivers (prevalence ratio = 1.9, 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 3.2), only 19% had adequate knowledge. Although most respondents (81%) knew Taiwan has animal shelters, only 19 (5%) reported visiting or participating in shelter activities. Only 6 (32%) of shelter visitors or users had a "good or better" impression of services received. Despite low usage of animal shelters, most respondents thought shelters should accept (87%) and relocate (90%) unwanted animals, capture strays (64%), assist in finding lost pets (79%), and educate the public about responsible ownership (85%). More than half (52%) thought shelters should perform euthanasia. PMID:17209755

  20. Measuring Attitudes Towards Empirically Supported Treatment in Real World Addiction Services

    PubMed Central

    SILVER WOLF (ADELV UNEGV WAYA), DAVID PATTERSON; MAGUIN, EUGENE; RAMSEY, ALEX; STRINGFELLOW, ERIN

    2014-01-01

    Mental health workers with favorable attitudes toward empirically supported treatments (ESTs) are more likely to break through implementation barriers. The Evidence-Based Practice Attitudes Scale has been shown to be reliable for mental health workers, but has not been validated with addiction workers. This study investigates the use of the scale with a convenience sample of addiction workers from four agencies in one city. Results show that compared to mental health providers, addiction workers were more likely to view ESTs favorably if they were mandated and intuitively appealing. They also tended to rely more heavily on practical experience in forming attitudes toward treatment options. These results may help addiction agencies understand which types of workers are more likely to implement ESTs and inform effective engagement approaches specific to addiction workers. PMID:24883048

  1. In-flight quality evaluation of attitude measurements from STECE APS-01 star tracker

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lai, Yuwang; Liu, Junhong; Ding, Yonghe; Gu, Defeng; Yi, Dongyun

    2014-09-01

    The STECE satellite is a small satellite mission of China for space technology experiment and climate exploration. To test the in-flight performance of the CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (APS) based star trackers, the APS-01 star tracker has been loaded on the STECE satellite. The APS-01 star tracker payload delivers 1 Hz real time telemetry attitude data during its in-orbit experiment mission. These attitude data have been analyzed and evaluated down to the specification requirements like random noise, systematic bias and low frequency error in this paper. The systematic bias of APS-01, including precession-nutation, aberration and relative installation error, has been calibrated. An approach is proposed to analyze the attitude low frequency errors of APS-01. The results of the evaluation can contribute to a better understanding as well as further refinements of the CMOS APS based star trackers.

  2. Measurements of pressures on the tail and aft fuselage of an airplane model during rotary motions at spin attitudes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowman, James S., Jr.; Hultberg, Randy S.; Martin, Colin A.

    1989-01-01

    An investigation was conducted in the Langley Spin Tunnel to measure the pressures on the surface of the horizontal and vertical tail and the aft fuselage of an aircraft model. The pressures were measured on a model of a proposed Australian Primary Trainer airplane configuration while the model was rotating at spinning attitudes. The test results indicate that the presence of the horizontal tail adversely modifies the surface pressure on the vertical tail. The presence of the wing also adversely modifies the pressures on the horizontal and vertical tails.

  3. HIV/AIDS Stigma Attitudes among Educators in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chao, Li-Wei; Gow, Jeff; Akintola, Goke; Pauly, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Background: One hundred and twenty educators from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, underwent HIV/AIDS training. The educators were surveyed about their attitudes toward people with HIV. Methods: The educators completed self-administered survey questionnaires both before and after 2 interventions. Measures included demographic characteristics,…

  4. Intercultural Attitudes Predict Favorable Study Abroad Expectations of U.S. College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Randi I.; Goldstein, Susan B.

    2005-01-01

    This study focused on identifying intercultural attitudes associated with favorable expectations about participation in study abroad programs. A total of 282 U.S. 1st-year college students completed a questionnaire that included measures of ethnocentrism, intercultural communication apprehension, language interest and competence, prejudice,…

  5. Chefs' Attitudes Toward Healthful Food Preparation are More Positive Than Their Food Science Knowledge and Practices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    GAYLE REICHLER; SHARRON DALTON

    1998-01-01

    Objective To determine if chefs' and student chefs' attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding healthful food preparation are consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.Design An analytical survey questionnaire was distributed to 4 chef groups. Sections 1 and 2 of the survey measured chefs' food science knowledge (13 questions) and likelihood of using food preparation practices (15 questions) necessary to meet

  6. HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, Related Behaviors, and Sources of Information among Korean Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yoo, Hyera; Lee, Sun Hae; Kwon, Bo Eun; Chung, Sulki; Kim, Sanghee

    2005-01-01

    To examine HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, related behaviors, and sources of HIV/AIDS information among high school-aged students in South Korea. One thousand and seventy-seven students (586 females and 491 males) from 5 high schools from 5 representative school districts participated in the survey. A self-administered questionnaire measuring

  7. Developing an Instrument for Measuring Attitudes toward and Perceptions of Workplace Diversity: An Initial Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Meuse, Kenneth P.; Hostager, Todd J.

    2001-01-01

    Three studies were conducted to (1) identify emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to diversity; (2) develop an instrument; and (3) test the instrument with 110 students and 66 workers. The Reaction-to-Diversity Inventory was deemed useful for assessing attitudes and perceptions prior to diversity training. (Contains 24 references.) (SK)

  8. Measuring Women's Attitudes, Goals, and Literacy toward Computers and Advanced Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Lorraine Morlock; Yamanaka, Ellen

    1985-01-01

    Describes a study examining relationships between Canadian adult women's ages, goals, literacy, and attitudes toward computers and advanced technology. Results indicate a strong correlation between technical goals, enjoyment, and technical term understanding, and a belief men are more technically literate. Recommendations are made for educating…

  9. Attitudes of Recent LaGuardia Graduates toward Further Education: A Baseline Measurement. Report of Findings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kane, Parsons and Associates, Inc., New York, NY.

    As part of a project to increase transfer rates among students at LaGuardia Community College (LCC), a study was conducted to provide baseline data for future comparisons regarding interest in further education among recent LCC graduates, attitudes toward additional education, reasons for and against enrolling in additional educational programs,…

  10. The Measurement and Evaluation of Social Attitudes in Two British Cohort Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Helen; Bynner, John; Wiggins, Richard; Schoon, Ingrid

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical evaluation of the internal consistency and validity of six attitudes scales assessing left-right beliefs, political cynicism, antiracism, libertarian-authoritarian views, and gender equality (two versions) in two large nationally representative samples of the British population born in 1958 and 1970. In the 1958…

  11. Comparison of Discriminative Properties Among Disease-Specific Questionnaires for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    TAKASHI HAJIRO; KOICHI NISHIMURA; MITSUHIRO TSUKINO; AKIHIKO IKEDA; HIROSHI KOYAMA; TAKATERU IZUMI

    1999-01-01

    Three disease-specific, health-related quality of life (HRQL) questionnaires have been introduced to assess patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), the Breathing Problems Questionnaire (BPQ), and the Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRQ). The purpose of the present study was to make comparisons between the SGRQ , the BPQ , and the CRQ in their

  12. Objective Measures of Emotion Related to Brand Attitude: A New Way to Quantify Emotion-Related Aspects Relevant to Marketing

    PubMed Central

    Walla, Peter; Brenner, Gerhard; Koller, Monika

    2011-01-01

    With this study we wanted to test the hypothesis that individual like and dislike as occurring in relation to brand attitude can be objectively assessed. First, individuals rated common brands with respect to subjective preference. Then, they volunteered in an experiment during which their most liked and disliked brand names were visually presented while three different objective measures were taken. Participant's eye blinks as responses to acoustic startle probes were registered with electromyography (EMG) (i) and their skin conductance (ii) and their heart rate (iii) were recorded. We found significantly reduced eye blink amplitudes related to liked brand names compared to disliked brand names. This finding suggests that visual perception of liked brand names elicits higher degrees of pleasantness, more positive emotion and approach-oriented motivation than visual perception of disliked brand names. Also, skin conductance and heart rate were both reduced in case of liked versus disliked brand names. We conclude that all our physiological measures highlight emotion-related differences depending on the like and dislike toward individual brands. We suggest that objective measures should be used more frequently to quantify emotion-related aspects of brand attitude. In particular, there might be potential interest to introduce startle reflex modulation to measure emotion-related impact during product development, product design and various further fields relevant to marketing. Our findings are discussed in relation to the idea that self reported measures are most often cognitively polluted. PMID:22073192

  13. Family and School Psychosocial Environment (FSPE): development of a brief questionnaire measuring perceived psychosocial environments in children/siblings.

    PubMed

    Persson, Bertil

    2011-06-01

    The aim of the study was to develop a short Swedish standardized, factor analyzed and cross-validated, family and school psychosocial environment questionnaire (FSPE). The study was based on 244 Swedish girls and boys, 10-19 years old, who filled in the FSPE. Maximum likelihood factor analysis, promax rotation, yielded six primary factors, based on absolute ratings. Since the factors were somewhat correlated, two broader secondary factors, with satisfactory reliabilities, were also included in the form, named Warmth, support and openness from parents, siblings and peers, and Family conflicts and school discipline, respectively. Means and standard deviations for girls and boys showed sex differences in most of the factors. Because the children participated anonymously they could report about spanking without negative consequences. Indeed, 8.1% of the children had been spanked by their parents. Based on relative ratings, two factors were identified, covering environmental questions about "more than, the same as or less than" a sibling. Only 6.6% of the children rated their environment exactly the same on the Family Psychosocial Environment (FPE) factors, compared to a sibling within the family. Thus the majority reported environmental differences. Further research is proposed to evaluate such differences and relations to personality, genotype-environment correlation and genetic mediation. PMID:21332485

  14. Differences in university students' attitudes and anxiety about statistics.

    PubMed

    Mji, Andile

    2009-06-01

    The Statistics Anxiety Rating Scale and the Attitudes Toward Statistics questionnaire were administered to 226 university of technology students. The former scale measures anxiety about learning statistics in terms of Worth of Statistics, Interpretation Anxiety, Test and Class Anxiety, Computational Self-concept, Fear of Asking for Help, and Fear of Statistics Teachers. The latter measures attitudes toward use of statistics and statistics course for which a student was registered. These African students were enrolled in Taxation, Marketing, or Accounting. Participants took a required course in statistics intended to improve statistical skills. There were 150 women and 57 men, chosen because they had no previous mathematics learning. Students' ages ranged between 16 and 26 years (M = 20.1, SD = 2.0). There were no statistically significant sex differences on attitudes and anxiety toward statistics, but there were significant differences among areas of study programs. PMID:19708400

  15. An Improved Method for Dynamic Measurement of Deflections of the Vertical Based on the Maintenance of Attitude Reference

    PubMed Central

    Dai, Dongkai; Wang, Xingshu; Zhan, Dejun; Huang, Zongsheng

    2014-01-01

    A new method for dynamic measurement of deflections of the vertical (DOV) is proposed in this paper. The integration of an inertial navigation system (INS) and global navigation satellite system (GNSS) is constructed to measure the body's attitude with respect to the astronomical coordinates. Simultaneously, the attitude with respect to the geodetic coordinates is initially measured by a star sensor under quasi-static condition and then maintained by the laser gyroscope unit (LGU), which is composed of three gyroscopes in the INS, when the vehicle travels along survey lines. Deflections of the vertical are calculated by using the difference between the attitudes with respect to the geodetic coordinates and astronomical coordinates. Moreover, an algorithm for removing the trend error of the vertical deflections is developed with the aid of Earth Gravitational Model 2008 (EGM2008). In comparison with traditional methods, the new method required less accurate GNSS, because the dynamic acceleration calculation is avoided. The errors of inertial sensors are well resolved in the INS/GNSS integration, which is implemented by a Rauch–Tung–Striebel (RTS) smoother. In addition, a single-axis indexed INS is adopted to improve the observability of the system errors and to restrain the inertial sensor errors. The proposed method is validated by Monte Carlo simulations. The results show that deflections of the vertical can achieve a precision of better than 1? for a single survey line. The proposed method can be applied to a gravimetry system based on a ground vehicle or ship with a speed lower than 25 m/s. PMID:25192311

  16. An improved method for dynamic measurement of deflections of the vertical based on the maintenance of attitude reference.

    PubMed

    Dai, Dongkai; Wang, Xingshu; Zhan, Dejun; Huang, Zongsheng

    2014-01-01

    A new method for dynamic measurement of deflections of the vertical (DOV) is proposed in this paper. The integration of an inertial navigation system (INS) and global navigation satellite system (GNSS) is constructed to measure the body's attitude with respect to the astronomical coordinates. Simultaneously, the attitude with respect to the geodetic coordinates is initially measured by a star sensor under quasi-static condition and then maintained by the laser gyroscope unit (LGU), which is composed of three gyroscopes in the INS, when the vehicle travels along survey lines. Deflections of the vertical are calculated by using the difference between the attitudes with respect to the geodetic coordinates and astronomical coordinates. Moreover, an algorithm for removing the trend error of the vertical deflections is developed with the aid of Earth Gravitational Model 2008 (EGM2008). In comparison with traditional methods, the new method required less accurate GNSS, because the dynamic acceleration calculation is avoided. The errors of inertial sensors are well resolved in the INS/GNSS integration, which is implemented by a Rauch-Tung-Striebel (RTS) smoother. In addition, a single-axis indexed INS is adopted to improve the observability of the system errors and to restrain the inertial sensor errors. The proposed method is validated by Monte Carlo simulations. The results show that deflections of the vertical can achieve a precision of better than 1? for a single survey line. The proposed method can be applied to a gravimetry system based on a ground vehicle or ship with a speed lower than 25 m/s. PMID:25192311

  17. Adaptive output feedback attitude control of flexible spacecraft from quaternion measurements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yaqiu Liu; Wenlong Song; Liangkuan Zhu

    2008-01-01

    In this work, an adaptive output feedback attitude control design method is investigated for a three-axis-rotational maneuver and vibration stabilization of a spacecraft with flexible appendages. The proposed controller ensures the asymptotic fulfillment of the objectives in the case of rest-to-rest maneuvers in present of uncertain inertia parameter uncertainty and disturbances. Also, it is assumed that the modal variables describing

  18. Development of a scale to measure attitude toward the condom as a method of birth control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Idalyn S. Brown

    1984-01-01

    The Attitude Toward Condoms Scale (ATC) was developed as an assessment instrument for use in research directed toward promotion of barrier methods of contraception. The resulting 40?item, Likert?type scale was found to have an internal consistency reliability coefficient of .93, with an average inter?item correlation of .24. It is comprised of five major factors, accounting for 45% of the total

  19. Detecting and measuring deprivation in primary care: development, reliability and validity of a self-reported questionnaire: the DiPCare-Q

    PubMed Central

    Bischoff, Thomas; Diserens, Esther-Amélie; Herzig, Lilli; Meystre-Agustoni, Giovanna; Panese, Francesco; Favrat, Bernard; Sass, Catherine; Bodenmann, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    Objectives Advances in biopsychosocial science have underlined the importance of taking social history and life course perspective into consideration in primary care. For both clinical and research purposes, this study aims to develop and validate a standardised instrument measuring both material and social deprivation at an individual level. Methods We identified relevant potential questions regarding deprivation using a systematic review, structured interviews, focus group interviews and a think-aloud approach. Item response theory analysis was then used to reduce the length of the 38-item questionnaire and derive the deprivation in primary care questionnaire (DiPCare-Q) index using data obtained from a random sample of 200 patients during their planned visits to an ambulatory general internal medicine clinic. Patients completed the questionnaire a second time over the phone 3?days later to enable us to assess reliability. Content validity of the DiPCare-Q was then assessed by 17 general practitioners. Psychometric properties and validity of the final instrument were investigated in a second set of patients. The DiPCare-Q was administered to a random sample of 1898 patients attending one of 47 different private primary care practices in western Switzerland along with questions on subjective social status, education, source of income, welfare status and subjective poverty. Results Deprivation was defined in three distinct dimensions: material (eight items), social (five items) and health deprivation (three items). Item consistency was high in both the derivation (Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 (KR20) =0.827) and the validation set (KR20 =0.778). The DiPCare-Q index was reliable (interclass correlation coefficients=0.847) and was correlated to subjective social status (rs=?0.539). Conclusion The DiPCare-Q is a rapid, reliable and validated instrument that may prove useful for measuring both material and social deprivation in primary care. PMID:22307103

  20. Measurements of pressures on the tail and aft fuselage of an airplane model during rotary motions at spin attitudes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hultberg, Randy S.; Bowman, James S., Jr.; Martin, Colin A.

    1988-01-01

    The NASA-Langley Spin Tunnel was used to determine the empennage and aft fuselage surfaces of an aircraft model while it was rotated at spinning-event attitudes, in order to ascertain stern flow conditions and the effects of horizontal tail, as well as the wings, on the vertical tail. A substantial horizontal tail influence is noted on both sides of the vertical tail; the removal of the horizontal tail was found to change the propelling or damping moment characteristics of the vertical tail. The wing was also found to have a large influence on the magnitude of the pressures measured on both the empennage and the aft-fuselage areas.

  1. Optical measurements and attitude motion of HERMES after loss of stabilization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vigneron, F. R.; Krag, W. E.

    1982-10-01

    The three-axis stabilized Hermes communications satellite relied on the gyroscopic stiffness of a momentum wheel for roll and yaw stability. The basis for stability is essentially the dual-spin principle with a minimum moment of inertia configuration, the central body and solar sails being the 'platform' and the momentum wheel the 'rotor'. If the wheel despins, a loss of attitude stability results. On day 329 of 1979, an earth sensor malfunctioned and, in conjunction with degraded telemetry and batteries the wheel despun, resulting in loss of attitude stability and ultimately shutdown of the satellite. From day 331 of 1979 to mid-1980, the sun's reflections from Hermes were periodically recorded at the Ground-Based Electro Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS) experimental test site (ETS) in New Mexico. During this time, Hermes made a transition from the unstable state to a flat spin about the yaw axis, and its flat spin decayed to zero. Attention is given to the ETS observations, and the deduced attitude motion.

  2. In-orbit measurements of short term attitude and vibrational environment on the Engineering Test Satellite VI using laser communication equipment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morio Toyoshima; Kenichi Araki

    2001-01-01

    Angular microvibrations of platform jitter on a three-axis attitude-stabilized satellite are measured in space using an onboard laser communication terminal. Stable optical tracking control allows the measurement of relative angular variations from the reference line of sight of the optical link. The tracking accuracy in this measurement is less than 1 (mu) rad rms. The angular variation and the drift

  3. Direct vs. Indirect Attitude Measurement and the Planning of Catalan in Mallorca.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pieras-Guasp, Felipe

    2002-01-01

    Discusses language planning on the Spanish Balearic isle of Mallorca where Catalan is also a native language, focusing on the sociolinguistic situation in the capital city of Palma. Explores differences between answers to questionnaires and responses to a matched guise experiment. (Author/VWL)

  4. Cross-cultural, age and gender validation of a computerised questionnaire measuring personal, social and environmental associations with children's physical activity: the European Youth Heart Study

    PubMed Central

    Ommundsen, Yngvar; Page, Angie; Ku, Po-Wen; Cooper, Ashley R

    2008-01-01

    Objective This study investigated the construct validity of a computerised self-assessment tool to measure psychological, social and environmental influences of young peoples' physical activity. First, analyses of the measure's factorial validity, invariance across, age, gender culture were conducted. Second, the ability of the derived subscales to discriminate between children representing different levels of self-reported and objectively measured physical activity behaviour was examined. Methods Participants were 1875 boys and 2078 girls (total = 3958) aged 9–10 years (n = 1955, mean age = 9.65 ± 0.42) and 15–16 years (n = 2003, mean age = 15.49 ± 0.50) from four European countries in Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe who took part in the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS). Children completed the computerised self-assessment tool with support from the researcher if requested. Self-reported exercise and an objective measure of physical activity (Actigraph model 7164) were used for additional construct validation purposes. Results Overall evidence of good fit indicating satisfactory factorial validity and cross-cultural, age and gender invariance for 3 of the 4 measurement models were obtained. The majority of measures were also significantly different for those with high versus low levels of physical activity. Conclusion Overall, the computerised questionnaire holds promise for use cross-culturally with male and female children and adolescents to measure perceived personal, social and environmental influences on physical activity. Further development of the measures pertaining to perceived environmental influences seems warranted. PMID:18489736

  5. Assessment of Activity Limitations with the Health Assessment Questionnaire Predicts the Need for Support Measures in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Multicenter Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Janssens, Xavier; Decuman, Saskia; De Keyser, Filip

    2014-01-01

    Objective This study investigated whether the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) can be used as an instrument to assess the need for social support measures that address activity limitations and participation issues in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods This multicenter observational study included patients with RA and disease duration of at least one year, consulting their rheumatologist for routine evaluation of disease activity. In the single study visit data on demographics, disease history and current treatment were collected. DAS28 values were collected to evaluate current RA disease activity. Patients were asked to fill out the HAQ and SF-36 questionnaires. Receiver Operator Characteristics (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the performance of the HAQ, SF-36 and DAS28 in predicting the need for nine supporting measures available for chronically ill patients in the Belgian social security system. The expert opinion of the treating rheumatologist was used as a reference. Results The study included 316 patients with a mean age of 59.8±12.6 years, disease duration of 11.4±9.3 years, mean DAS28 values of 2.83±1.17. Mean HAQ score was 0.95±0.73, mean SF-36 score 56.5±21.3. HAQ scores >1 were observed in 39.4% of patients. The area under the HAQ ROC curve was consistently >0.7 and higher for the HAQ than for SF-36 or DAS28 for all support measures. Rheumatologists on average recommended 3.67 support measures. Conclusion The HAQ score was found to be a good predictor of the need for social support measures in patients with RA. PMID:25188388

  6. Health Services OutPatient Experience questionnaire: factorial validity and reliability of a patient-centered outcome measure for outpatient settings in Italy

    PubMed Central

    Coluccia, Anna; Ferretti, Fabio; Pozza, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The patient-centered approach to health care does not seem to be sufficiently developed in the Italian context, and is still characterized by the biomedical model. In addition, there is a lack of validated outcome measures to assess outpatient experience as an aspect common to a variety of settings. The current study aimed to evaluate the factorial validity, reliability, and invariance across sex of the Health Services OutPatient Experience (HSOPE) questionnaire, a short ten-item measure of patient-centeredness for Italian adult outpatients. The rationale for unidimensionality of the measure was that it could cover global patient experience as a process common to patients with a variety of diseases and irrespective of the phase of treatment course. Patients and methods The HSOPE was compiled by 1,532 adult outpatients (51% females, mean age 59.22 years, standard deviation 16.26) receiving care in ten facilities at the Santa Maria alle Scotte University Hospital of Siena, Italy. The sample represented all the age cohorts. Twelve percent were young adults, 57% were adults, and 32% were older adults. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to evaluate factor structure. Reliability was evaluated as internal consistency using Cronbach’s ?. Factor invariance was assessed through multigroup analyses. Results Both exploratory and confirmatory analyses suggested a clearly defined unidimensional structure of the measure, with all the ten items having salient loadings on a single factor. Internal consistency was excellent (?=0.95). Indices of model fit supported a single-factor structure for both male and female outpatient groups. Young adult outpatients had significantly lower scores on perceived patient-centeredness relative to older adults. No significant difference emerged on patient-centeredness between male and female outpatients. Conclusion The HSOPE questionnaire seemed to be a tool with high acceptability and excellent psychometric properties to measure patient-centeredness as a unidimensional construct. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed. PMID:25228826

  7. Marine Attitude Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hounshell, Paul B.; Hampton, Carolyn

    This 22-item Marine Attitude Survey was developed for use in elementary/middle schools to measure students' attitudes about various aspects of marine science. Students are asked if they agree, are not sure, or disagree with such items as: (1) the seashore is a fun place to visit; (2) if all sharks were killed, the world would be a better place;…

  8. Assessment of Student Attitudes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Mark W.; Kershner, Keith M.

    The Assessment of Student Attitudes Scale (ASA) is a Likert-type instrument composed of 26 items grouped to yield four subtest scores and a total score. Data indicates that the ASA is both a reliable and valid measurement tool for the assessment of secondary school-age students' attitudes toward learning environments. (Author)

  9. Correlates of Attitudes Toward Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haladyna, Tom; And Others

    Results of a study using a theoretical model to measure student attitudes toward social studies are reported. Attitudes were measured as they related to five constructs: (1) teacher attitudes, including support and reinforcement for the student and enthusiasm for subject; (2) student self-concept, scholastic attitude, peer acceptance, and…

  10. From attitudes to commonplaces -A discursive approach to attitude interviews

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    discusses the fundamental epistemological shortcomings of different approaches to attitude research. Three of presenting analyses. Introduction The fundamental idea of an attitude investigation and opinion polls collection using self-report measures is that questions about the participant's beliefs, attitudes, behaviour

  11. An exploration of rural and urban Kenyan women's knowledge and attitudes regarding breast cancer and breast cancer early detection measures.

    PubMed

    Muthoni, Ann; Miller, Ann Neville

    2010-09-01

    Many women in Kenya with breast cancer symptoms do not seek medical attention until their cancer is very advanced, leading to high mortality rates and a heavy cancer burden on the nation. In this study we employed eight focus groups with low- and middle-income rural and urban Kenyan women to explore their knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors concerning breast cancer and its early detection measures. Topics for discussion were derived from the components of the Health Belief Model (HBM). Findings revealed a huge divide between urban middle-income women and all other groups with respect to knowledge of breast cancer and early detection measures. In addition, women viewed breast cancer as a highly severe disease. Perceived benefits of early detection measures centered around preparing themselves for what was assumed to be inevitable death. PMID:20677038

  12. A pilot study measuring changes in student impressions before and after clinical training using a questionnaire based on the semantic differential technique.

    PubMed

    Tamura, Naomi; Terashita, Takayoshi; Ogasawara, Katsuhiko

    2013-01-01

    Students with a positive impression of their studies can become more motivated. This study measured the learning impact of clinical training by comparing student impressions before and after clinical training. The study included 32 students of radiological technology in their final year with the Division of Radiological Science and Technology, Department of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Hokkaido University. To measure student impressions of x-ray examination training, we developed a questionnaire using the semantic differential technique. The resulting factor analysis identified 2 factors that accounted for 44.9% of the 10 bipolar adjective scales. Factor 1 represented a "resistance" impression of x-ray examination training, and factor 2 represented a "responsibility" impression. The differences in factor scores before and after the clinical training suggest that student impressions are affected by clinical training. PMID:23920812

  13. Controlling three-axis attitude rates on a pointing system using nonlinear observer and two-axis measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Algrain, Marcelo C.

    1997-04-01

    A new observer design method that allows for estimating the angular rates along a vehicle's three principal axes is described. The observer uses measurements from a single two- axis angular rate sensor (gyro) and determines the rates for the third axis using a nonlinear observer. Unlike conventional approaches where the equations governing vehicle motion (Euler's equations) are linearized and then an observer is constructed based on the linear model, this method does not require linearization of the system. Instead, a pseudo-linear representation is used. The pseudo- linear model is obtained by systematically decomposing a nonlinear system into linear and nonlinear terms. The nonlinear components are then redefined as an auxiliary set of state variables and/or inputs. This leads to an augmented linear system representation that is mathematically equivalent to the original nonlinear system. This method enables standard linear observer design techniques to be applied and develops observers that are capable of estimating the third-axis angular rates using measurements corresponding to the other two axes. The effectiveness of this approach is illustrated with an example. The case studied is the complete attitude rate determination and control of a spinning spacecraft. Computer simulation results show that the new approach provides excellent three- axis attitude control, yet requires angular rate sensors for only two axes.

  14. Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Strabismus: A Modification of the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20) Questionnaire Using Rasch Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Gothwal, Vijaya K.; Bharani, Seelam; Kekunnaya, Ramesh; Chhablani, PreetiPatil; Sachdeva, Virender; Pehere, Niranjan K.; Narasaiah, Asa; Gunturu, Rekha

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Adult Strabismus-20 (AS-20)- a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire in adults with strabismus, and if flawed, to revise the AS-20 and its subscales creating valid measurement scales. Methods 584 adults (meanage, 27.5 years) with strabismus were recruited from an outpatient clinic at a South Indian tertiary eye care centre and were administered the AS-20 questionnaire.The AS-20 was translated and back translated into two Indian languages. The AS-20 and its two 10-item subscales – ‘psychosocial’ and ‘function’were assessed separately for fit to the Rasch model, including an assessment of the rating scale, unidimensionality (by principal components analysis), measurement precision by person separation reliability, PSR, targeting, and differential item functioning (DIF; notable > 1.0 logits). Results Response categories were not used as intended, thereby, required re-organization and reducing their number from 5 to 3. The AS-20 had adequate measurement precision (PSR = 0.87) but lacked unidimensionality; however, deletion of the six multi-dimensionality causing items and an additional three misfitting items resulted in 11-item unidimensional questionnaire (AS-11). Two items failed to satisfy the model expectations in the ‘psychosocial’ subscale and were deleted – resulting in an 8-item unidimensional scale with adequate PSR (0.81) and targeting (0.23 logits). One item misfit in the ‘function’ subscale and was deleted—resulting in a 9 item Rasch-revised unidimensional subscale with acceptable PSR (0.80) and targeting (0.97 logits).None of the items displayed notable DIF by age, gender and level of education. Conclusions The AS-11 and its two Rasch-revised subscales – 8-item psychosocial and 9-item function subscale may be more appropriate than the original AS-20 and its two 10-item subscales for use as unidimensional measures of HRQoL in adults with strabismus in India. Further work is required to establish the validity of the revised rating scale. PMID:26011430

  15. Validity and reliability of questionnaires measuring physical activity self-efficacy, enjoyment, social support among Hong Kong Chinese children

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Physical activity (PA) correlates have not been extensively studied in Hong Kong children. The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of translated scales to measure PA related self-efficacy, enjoyment and social support in Hong Kong Chinese children. Sample 1 (n=273, aged 8–12 ...

  16. A Compendium of Tests, Scales and Questionnaires: The Practitioner's Guide to Measuring Outcomes after Acquired Brain Impairment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tate, Robyn L.

    2010-01-01

    This "Compendium" is a comprehensive reference manual containing an extensive selection of instruments developed to measure signs and symptoms commonly encountered in neurological conditions, both progressive and non-progressive. It provides a repository of established instruments, as well as newly-developed scales, and covers all aspects of the…

  17. Measurement invariance across chronic conditions: a systematic review and an empirical investigation of the Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ™)

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background To examine whether lack of measurement invariance (MI) influences mean comparisons among different disease groups, this paper provides (1) a systematic review of MI in generic constructs across chronic conditions and (2) an empirical analysis of MI in the Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ™). Methods (1) We searched for studies of MI among different chronic conditions in online databases. (2) Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses were used to study MI among five chronic conditions (orthopedic condition, rheumatism, asthma, COPD, cancer) in the heiQ™ with N?=?1404 rehabilitation inpatients. Impact on latent and composite mean differences was examined. Results (1) A total of 30 relevant studies suggested that about one in three items lacked MI. However, only four studies examined impact on latent mean differences. Scale means were only affected in one of these three studies. (2) Across the eight heiQ™ scales, seven scales had items with lack of MI in at least one disease group. However, in only two heiQ™ scales were some latent or composite mean differences affected. Conclusions Lack of MI among disease groups is common and may have a relevant influence on mean comparisons when using generic instruments. Therefore, when comparing disease groups, tests of MI should be implemented. More studies of MI and according impact on mean differences in generic questionnaires are needed. PMID:24758346

  18. A Complementary Alternative Medicine Questionnaire for Young Adults

    PubMed Central

    Patterson, Christine; Arthur, Heather

    2009-01-01

    Limited information exists on how adolescents decide to use complementary/alternative medicine (CAM). There are also no instruments specific to CAM, for the young adult population, which makes it difficult to explore knowledge in this area. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the CAM Questionnaire for Young Adults which measures young adults’ attitudes about CAM. Participants for this cross-sectional survey were selected from enrolled undergraduate students at an urban university. Factor analysis identified three subscales: 1) positive beliefs about CAM; 2) environmental influence; and 3) psychological comfort. The scale has good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.79) and shows beginning demonstration of validity. Its use in this sample revealed that young adults who are female and have used CAM in the past for preventing or treating illness have the most positive attitude towards CAM and the greatest likelihood for continued use. The implication that prevention may play a role in young adults’ attitudes about CAM is a potential focus for future research. PMID:21614159

  19. The relationship of Kraepelian affective temperaments (as measured by TEMPS-I) to the tridimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Maremmani; H. S. Akiskal; S. Signoretta; A. Liguori; G. Perugi; R. Cloninger

    2005-01-01

    Background: There is considerable uncertainty in the current literature about the relationship between personality dimensions and affective temperaments. Method: We compared—in a non-ill 14–26-year-old Italian student population of 1010—the affective temperaments of classic psychiatry conceived as subaffective traits [and measured through the Temperament Assessment of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Interview Version (TEMPS-I) in the Akiskal and Mallya Operationalization] with

  20. Measurement of Quality of Life IV. Use of the SEQOL, QOL5, QOL1, and Other Global and Generic Questionnaires

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soren Ventegodt; Joav Merrick; Niels Jorgen Andersen

    2003-01-01

    Quality-of-life (QOL) rating scales can be used to measure and describe the quality of life of a specific population or patient group. Many decisions can be taken and policies implemented when we know more about a group or population. The global quality-of-life concept may help in expressing the objective of the initiatives taken to benefit specific groups. The objective may

  1. Premarital Sexual Behavior, Attitudes, and Emotional Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamant, Louis

    1970-01-01

    No relationship was found between adjustment and premarital sexual intercourse for either male or female subjects. Low permissiveness scores (Attitude Scales on Sexual Permissiveness and Sexual Behavior Questionnaires) were related to maladjustment in males. (DB)

  2. Personality based clusters as predictors of aviator attitudes and performance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gregorich, Steve; Helmreich, Robert L.; Wilhelm, John A.; Chidester, Thomas

    1989-01-01

    The feasibility of identification of personality-based population clusters was investigated along with the relationships of these subpopulations to relevant attitude and performance measures. The results of instrumental and expressive personality tests, using the Personal Characteristics Inventory (PCI) test battery and the Cockpit Management Attitudes Questionnaire, suggest that theoretically meaningful subpopulations exist among aviators, and that these groupings are useful in understanding of personality factors acting as moderator variables in the determination of aviator attitudes and performance. Out of the three clusters most easily described in terms of their relative elevations on the PCI subscales ('the right stuff', the 'wrong stuff', and the 'no stuff'), the members of the right stuff cluster tended to have more desirable patterns of responses along relevant attitudinal dimensions.

  3. Attitude estimation from magnetometer and earth-albedo-corrected coarse sun sensor measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Appel, Pontus

    2005-01-01

    For full 3-axes attitude determination the magnetic field vector and the Sun vector can be used. A Coarse Sun Sensor consisting of six solar cells placed on each of the six outer surfaces of the satellite is used for Sun vector determination. This robust and low cost setup is sensitive to surrounding light sources as it sees the whole sky. To compensate for the largest error source, the Earth, an albedo model is developed. The total albedo light vector has contributions from the Earth surface which is illuminated by the Sun and visible from the satellite. Depending on the reflectivity of the Earth surface, the satellite's position and the Sun's position the albedo light changes. This cannot be calculated analytically and hence a numerical model is developed. For on-board computer use the Earth albedo model consisting of data tables is transferred into polynomial functions in order to save memory space. For an absolute worst case the attitude determination error can be held below 2?. In a nominal case it is better than 1?.

  4. Marketing: The Applicant Questionnaire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huddleston, Thomas, Jr.

    1976-01-01

    The construction of a market research questionnaire is recommended as one way a college can identify its applicant pool market. Included are an outline of information the applicant pool questionnaire might seek and basic criteria of question writing. (JT)

  5. Jordanian School Counselors' Knowledge about and Attitudes toward Diabetes Mellitus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tannous, Adel G.; Khateeb, Jamal M.; Khamra, Hatem A.; Hadidi, Muna S.; Natour, Mayada M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the knowledge and attitudes of Jordanian school counselors toward diabetes mellitus. A sample of 295 counselors completed a questionnaire consisting of two parts concerning knowledge and attitudes. The face validity of the questionnaire was assessed using an informed panel of judges, and its reliability was established…

  6. In-flight quality and accuracy of attitude measurements from the CHAMP advanced stellar compass

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jørgensen, Peter S.; Jørgensen, John L.; Denver, Troelz; Betto, Maurizio

    2005-01-01

    The German geo-observations satellite CHAMP carries highly accurate vector instruments. The orientation of these relative to the inertial reference frame is obtained using star trackers. These advanced stellar compasses (ASC) are fully autonomous units, which provide, in real time, the absolute attitude with accuracy in the arc second range. In order to investigate the in-flight accuracy of the ASC, the terminology to characterize noise and biases is introduced. Relative instrument accuracy (RIA) and absolute instrument accuracy (AIA) can in principle be determined in-flight. However problems with modeling external noise sources often arise. The special CHAMP configuration with two star tracker cameras mounted fixed together provides an excellent opportunity to determine the AIA in-flight using the inter boresight angle.

  7. Teenagers' Attitudes Toward the Hometown Daily Newspaper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Laurence R.

    To determine the attitudes of teenagers toward their hometown newspapers was the purpose of this study. A four-page questionnaire in which students compared the local newspaper with other news media and expressed their attitudes on statements about this newspaper was answered by 887 teenagers. Tentative conclusions indicated that the students felt…

  8. Drinking Attitudes and Behavior of Incoming Freshmen.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Deborah H.; Sedlacek, William E.

    An anonymous questionnaire on demographic characteristics, alcohol usage and drinking attitudes, and college-related attitudes was administered to 466 incoming freshmen (236 males, 230 females) at the University of Maryland, College Park. Fifty-five percent of all freshmen reported having taken their first drink with friends by age 15; 10 percent…

  9. Slovak High School Students' Attitudes toward Computers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiatko, Milan; Halakova, Zuzana; Nagyova, Sona; Nagy, Tibor

    2011-01-01

    The pervasive involvement of information and communication technologies and computers in our daily lives influences changes of attitude toward computers. We focused on finding these ecological effects in the differences in computer attitudes as a function of gender and age. A questionnaire with 34 Likert-type items was used in our research. The…

  10. Models of Attitude-Behavior Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentler, P. M.; Speckart, George

    1979-01-01

    Three replications of a structural equation model for the prediction of behavior are tested, using a questionnaire assessing undergraduate students' attitudes, subjective norms, intentions, and behavior. The proposed models supersede the Fishbein-Ajzen theory in their ability to reflect the dynamics of attitude-behavior relations. (Author/RD)

  11. Demographic Group Differences in Adolescents' Time Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andretta, James R.; Worrell, Frank C.; Mello, Zena R.; Dixson, Dante D.; Baik, Sharon H.

    2013-01-01

    In the present study, we examined demographic differences in time attitudes in a sample of 293 adolescents. Time attitudes were measured using the Adolescent Time Attitude Scale (Mello & Worrell, 2007; Worrell, Mello, & Buhl, 2011), which assesses positive and negative attitudes toward the past, the present, and the future. Generally, African…

  12. A dietary behaviors measure for use with low-income, Spanish-speaking Caribbean Latinos with type 2 diabetes: The Latino Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire (LDBQ)

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez, Senaida; Olendzki, Barbara; Rosal, Milagros C.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the validity of a Spanish-language dietary behaviors self-report questionnaire (LDBQ) for Latinos with diabetes. The sample (n = 252) was Spanish-speaking, female (77%), middle-aged (mean age = 55 years), low-education (56% < 8th grade education), and low-income (50% < $10,000 annual household income). Baseline and 12-month measures were collected as part of a randomized clinical trial. LDBQ reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change over time were evaluated using exploratory factor analysis; internal consistency analysis; and correlation analysis using baseline and change scores for: LDBQ, three day 24-hour dietary recall nutrient mean, and clinical measures. Cronbach’s alphas were moderate. Four factors were identified at both time points. Significant baseline correlations (r) were found for LDBQ total scores, factor scores and: caloric intake (r = ?.29 to ?.34); total dietary fiber (r = .19); sodium (r = ?.24 to ?.30); percent calories from total fat (r = ?.16); fat subtypes (r = ?.16 to .15); and percent calories from protein (r = .17). Twelvemonth data produced a similar pattern. T-tests of LDBQ change scores showed significantly greater change in dietary behaviors for the intervention group than for the control group, t(135) = ?4.17, p < .01. LDBQ change scores correlated significantly with mean 24-hour nutrient intake and a subset of clinical measures, but were not associated with clinical change scores (except HDL). The LDBQ is a useful tool to assess and target behaviors for change and assess intervention effects. PMID:21443994

  13. Measuring health literacy in populations: illuminating the design and development process of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Several measurement tools have been developed to measure health literacy. The tools vary in their approach and design, but few have focused on comprehensive health literacy in populations. This paper describes the design and development of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q), an innovative, comprehensive tool to measure health literacy in populations. Methods Based on a conceptual model and definition, the process involved item development, pre-testing, field-testing, external consultation, plain language check, and translation from English to Bulgarian, Dutch, German, Greek, Polish, and Spanish. Results The development process resulted in the HLS-EU-Q, which entailed two sections, a core health literacy section and a section on determinants and outcomes associated to health literacy. The health literacy section included 47 items addressing self-reported difficulties in accessing, understanding, appraising and applying information in tasks concerning decisions making in healthcare, disease prevention, and health promotion. The second section included items related to, health behaviour, health status, health service use, community participation, socio-demographic and socio-economic factors. Conclusions By illuminating the detailed steps in the design and development process of the HLS-EU-Q, it is the aim to provide a deeper understanding of its purpose, its capability and its limitations for others using the tool. By stimulating a wide application it is the vision that HLS-EU-Q will be validated in more countries to enhance the understanding of health literacy in different populations. PMID:24112855

  14. A Wireless Swing Angle Measurement Scheme Using Attitude Heading Reference System Sensing Units Based on Microelectromechanical Devices

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Bingtuan; Zhu, Zhenyu; Zhao, Jianguo; Huang, Boran

    2014-01-01

    Feasible real-time swing angle measurement is significant to improve the efficiency and safety of industrial crane systems. This paper presents a wireless microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based swing angle measurement system. The system consists of two attitude heading reference system (AHRS) sensing units with a wireless communication function, which are mounted on the hook (or payload) and the jib (or base) of the crane, respectively. With a combination of a three-axis accelerometer, a three-axis gyroscope and a three-axis magnetometer, the standard extended Kalman filter (EKF) is used to estimate the desired orientation of the payload and the base. Wireless ZigBee communication is employed to transmit the orientation of the payload to the sensing unit mounted on the base, which measures the orientation of the base. Because several physical parameters from the payload to the base can be acquired from the original crane control system, the swing angles of the payload can be calculated based on the two measured orientation parameters together with the known physical parameters. Experiments were performed to show the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed swing angle measurement system. PMID:25436657

  15. Attitudes regarding life-sustaining measures in people born in Japan, China, and Vietnam and living in Texas.

    PubMed

    Duke, Gloria

    2013-02-01

    Cultural beliefs about and preferences for care at the end of life are diverse and unique in many respects. This descriptive qualitative study presents findings about the attitudes and preferences of people born in Japan, China, and Vietnam and living in the southern part of the USA regarding life-sustaining measures. In-depth personal and focus group interviews were conducted with 46 participants and thematic analysis completed. The findings reflected some similarities and differences among the three groups concerning initiation and discontinuance of artificial nutrition and mechanical ventilation. They also demonstrated the requirement for sensitivity to individual needs when honouring the wishes of patients and surrogate decision makers. Interventional studies should follow that test educational strategies to improve practice outcomes for health-care providers who care for these populations at this vulnerable time of life. PMID:23435536

  16. ATTITUDES OF OLDER ADULTS TOWARD A COMPUTER TRAINING PROGRAM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen A. Segrist

    2004-01-01

    Many older adult have an interest in learning to use computers. The study reported in this article examined whether older adults' attitudes toward computers can be influenced by direct, customized computer training. Thirty older participants who registered for introductory computer courses offered at a SeniorNet computer lab completed the Attitudes Toward Computers Questionnaire (ATCQ) before and after class participation. Attitudes

  17. Teacher-Trainees Attitudes towards Physical Education in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gitonga, E. R.; Andanje, M.; Wanderi, P. M.; Bailasha, N.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the attitudes of teacher trainees towards physical education (PE). It was hypothesised that teacher-trainees have negative attitudes towards PE. A total of 132 teacher trainees were randomly selected from a teacher Training College in Kenya completed a questionnaire adapted from Wear's attitude scale with equivalent forms.…

  18. High School Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology Applications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozel, Murat; Erdogan, Mehmet; Usak, Muhammet; Prokop, Pavol

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate high school students' knowledge and attitudes regarding biotechnology and its various applications. In addition, whether students' knowledge and attitudes differed according to age and gender were also explored. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ) with 16 items and the Biotechnology Attitude

  19. Eating Behaviour among Multi-Ethnic Adolescents in a Middle-Income Country as Measured by the Self-Reported Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Loh, Debbie Ann; Moy, Foong Ming; Zaharan, Nur Lisa; Mohamed, Zahurin

    2013-01-01

    Background Escalating weight gain among the Malaysian paediatric population necessitates identifying modifiable behaviours in the obesity pathway. Objectives This study describes the adaptation and validation of the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) as a self-report for adolescents, investigates gender and ethnic differences in eating behaviour and examines associations between eating behaviour and body mass index (BMI) z-scores among multi-ethnic Malaysian adolescents. Methodology This two-phase study involved validation of the Malay self-reported CEBQ in Phase 1 (n = 362). Principal Axis Factoring with Promax rotation, confirmatory factor analysis and reliability tests were performed. In Phase 2, adolescents completed the questionnaire (n = 646). Weight and height were measured. Gender and ethnic differences in eating behaviour were investigated. Associations between eating behaviour and BMI z-scores were examined with complex samples general linear model (GLM) analyses, adjusted for gender, ethnicity and maternal educational level. Results Exploratory factor analysis revealed a 35-item, 9-factor structure with ‘food fussiness’ scale split into two. In confirmatory factor analysis, a 30-item, 8-factor structure yielded an improved model fit. Reliability estimates of the eight factors were acceptable. Eating behaviours did not differ between genders. Malay adolescents reported higher Food Responsiveness, Enjoyment of Food, Emotional Overeating, Slowness in Eating, Emotional Undereating and Food Fussiness 1 scores (p<0.05) compared to Chinese and Indians. A significant negative association was observed between BMI z-scores and Food Fussiness 1 (‘dislike towards food’) when adjusted for confounders. Conclusion Although CEBQ is a valuable psychometric instrument, adjustments were required due to age and cultural differences in our sample. With the self-report, our findings present that gender, ethnic and weight status influenced eating behaviours. Obese adolescents were found to display a lack of dislike towards food. Future longitudinal and qualitative studies are warranted to further understand behavioural phenotypes of obesity to guide prevention and intervention strategies. PMID:24349385

  20. The Relationship between Gender, Sexual Attitudes, Attitudes towards Gender and High School Counselors' Ethical Decision-Making regarding Adolescent Sexuality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin-Donald, Kimberly A.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated relationships between high school counselors' ethical decision-making, gender, attitudes towards gender, and sexual attitudes. Of the 161 respondents, only 157 participants' data sets were included in the data set. Participants completed the Ethical Decision-Making Questionnaire, The Brief Sexual Attitudes Scale (Hendrick,…

  1. Attitudes of Muslim physicians and nurses toward religious issues.

    PubMed

    Hafizi, Sina; Koenig, Harold G; Arbabi, Mohammad; Pakrah, Mohammad; Saghazadeh, Amene

    2014-10-01

    There is a growing body of evidence that suggests a positive role for religious involvement in physical and mental health. Studies have shown that attitudes of physicians toward religion affect their relationship with patients and their medical decisions, and in this way may ultimately affect treatment outcomes. Attitudes of nurses toward religion could also influence whether or not they address patients' unmet spiritual needs. To assess attitudes of physicians and nurses toward religion and how these attitudes vary by education level and demographic characteristics, a total of 800 physicians, medical students, and nurses from some of the largest hospitals in Tehran, Iran, were approached, of whom 720 completed questionnaires (148 nurses, 572 medical students and physicians). The survey questionnaire included the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL), Hoge Intrinsic Religiosity Scale, a brief measure of Negative Religious Coping (NRCOPE), and the brief Trust/Mistrust in God Scale. Religious attitudes and practices were compared between physicians (medical students and physicians) and nurses. Regression analysis revealed that except for intrinsic religiosity, physicians were not less religious than nurses on any other dimension of religiosity. Training level (year of training) was a predictor of religiosity, with those having less training being the most religious. The findings suggest that there are few religious differences between nurses and physicians in Iran. However, religiosity may become less as the training level increases. Lack of emphasis in training on the important role that religion plays in health care may result in a decrease in religious involvement and the development of negative attitudes toward religion over time (displaced by a focus on the technological aspects of health care). PMID:23690131

  2. [Attitude of hemophilic adult individuals towards their disease].

    PubMed

    Carruyo-Vizcaíno, Cecilia; Vizcaíno, Gilberto; Carrizo, Edgardo; Arteaga-Vizcaíno, Melvis; Sarmiento, Sandra; Vizcaíno-Carruyo, Jennifer

    2004-09-01

    The mental health of hemophilic individuals and their families play an important role on the integral treatment of the disease. The knowledge of the beliefs and attitudes perceived by the patients toward their disease will make possible a positive influence in their clinical improvement, their response to the treatment, as well as their quality of life. On the basis of the Azjen and Fishbein's Theory of Reasoned Action, a questionnaire was applied to 43 adult hemophilics to determine the salient beliefs about their disease. These beliefs permitted to elaborate a main structured questionnaire named Attitude Model in Patients with Hemophilia (Modelo de Actitud en Pacientes con Hemofilia, MAPACHE, in spanish), which was administered to the individuals and thus, the attitude toward their disease was obtained. Seventy two percent (72%) gave a major importance to the clinical aspects of the disease (hemorrhage, joint discomfort and trauma), 40% knew the general concepts of hemophilia (heredity, care and seriousness of the disease), 20% mentioned the implications of the psychosocial factors and only 18% had knowledge concerning the coagulation factors deficiency and the appropriate treatment. The MAPACHE showed a slightly positive score attitude (4.44 +/- 1.12 SEM) towards the disease in the majority of the groups (74.5%); with 26% of the hemophilics with a negative attitude. There were no significant differences between attitude and clinical parameters. It is recommended that a multidisciplinary team of caregivers should focus their efforts toward education and preventive measures in order to avoid the complications and consequences of the disease, to make possible a better quality of life in individuals with hemophilia. PMID:15469070

  3. Knowledge, attitudes, cultural, social and spiritual beliefs on healthseeking behaviors of Gambian adults with HIV/AIDS

    PubMed Central

    Njie-Carr, Veronica P.S.

    2010-01-01

    HIV/AIDS continues to grow exponentially in sub-Saharan Africa. Early HIV/AIDS care is essential for early interventions to increase quality of life and reduce mortality. The objectives of the study were: (1) to determine the relationship among attitudes, spiritual beliefs, cultural beliefs, social beliefs and knowledge on health-seeking behaviors (HSB) of Gambian adults living with HIV/AIDS; and (2) to provide preliminary data on psychometric characteristics of the newly developed HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs Patient Questionnaire. The descriptive design included 93 adults aged 21 to 65 years. Correlation and hierarchical regression analyses were used. Bivariate analyses demonstrated significant relationships between all five variables and HSB at p ?.03. Additionally, 11% of the variance in HSB was explained by the combined contribution of the five variables. Attitudes significantly contributed to the variance, F(1, 90) =4.865; p =.03; spiritual beliefs, though not statistically significant, had clinical significance. The unique contributions of this study are the separation of the variable attitudes from beliefs and knowledge, which independently explained HSB. Spiritual beliefs and attitudes are critical in developing appropriate HIV/AIDS interventions. Furthermore, the HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs Patient Questionnaire provides a valid means for measuring attitudes, beliefs and knowledge of HIV/AIDS for use in future research. PMID:20740045

  4. A Comparison of Maternal Parenting Style Attitudes of Grandmothers and Mothers of Young Children in Taiwan: Development of a New Measure of Parenting Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Tsung-Wen

    Noting that previous study of child rearing patterns among Chinese parents has ignored the importance of the instrument measuring parenting style, this study used an instrument incorporating Chinese concepts of parenting and based on well-established parenting concepts to examine differences in the child rearing attitudes of mothers and…

  5. Using the Implicit Association Test and the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure to Measure Attitudes toward Meat and Vegetables in Vegetarians and Meat-Eaters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Murtagh, Louise; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Stewart, Ian

    2010-01-01

    The current study aimed to assess the implicit attitudes of vegetarians and non-vegetarians towards meat and vegetables, using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). Both measures involved asking participants to respond, under time pressure, to pictures of meat or vegetables as either positive…

  6. Undergraduate Students' Attitudes toward Biodiversity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huang, Hui-Ju; Lin, Yu-Teh Kirk

    2014-01-01

    The study investigated American and Taiwan undergraduate students' attitudes toward biodiversity. The survey questionnaire consisted of statements prompted by the question "To what extent do you agree with the following statements about problems with the biodiversity issues." Students indicated strongly disagree, disagree, agree,…

  7. Does the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire - self report yield invariant measurements across different nations? Data from the International Child Mental Health Study Group.

    PubMed

    Stevanovic, D; Urbán, R; Atilola, O; Vostanis, P; Singh Balhara, Y P; Avicenna, M; Kandemir, H; Knez, R; Franic, T; Petrov, P

    2014-04-30

    Aims. This study evaluated the measurement invariance of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) self-report among adolescents from seven different nations. Methods. Data for 2367 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, from India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Serbia, Turkey, Bulgaria and Croatia were available for a series of factor analyses. Results. The five-factor model including original SDQ scales emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention problems, peer problems and prosocial behaviour generated inadequate fit degree in all countries. A bifactor model with three factors (i.e., externalising, internalising and prosocial) and one general problem factor yielded adequate degree of fit in India, Nigeria, Turkey and Croatia. The prosocial behaviour, emotional symptoms and conduct problems factor were found to be common for all nations. However, originally proposed items loaded saliently on other factors besides the proposed ones or only some of them corresponded to proposed factors in all seven countries. Conclusions. Due to the lack of a common acceptable model across all countries, namely the same numbers of factors (i.e., dimensional invariance), it was not possible to perform the metric and scalar invariance test, what indicates that the SDQ self-report models tested lack appropriate measurement invariance across adolescents from these seven nations and it needs to be revised for cross-country comparisons. PMID:24785706

  8. Evaluation of factors influencing knowledge and attitudes of mothers with preschool children regarding their adoption of preventive measures for home injuries referred to academic emergency centres, Tehran, Iran.

    PubMed

    Hatamabadi, Hamid Reza; Mahfoozpour, Soad; Alimohammadi, Hossein; Younesian, Somaye

    2014-01-01

    Excessive dependence of preschool children on their parents has led to a significant increase in the incidence of home injuries. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate factors influencing the knowledge and attitudes of mothers in this group regarding their adoption of preventive measures for home injuries. The subjects in this descriptive/analytical study consisted of all mothers of preschool children with home injuries, who had referred to the emergency department of Imam Hussein Hospital and Shohada-e-Haftome Tir Hospital in Tehran, Iran. After knowledge levels and attitudes of mothers were divided into two groups, multivariate logistic regression analysis and chi-squared test were used. Finally, 230 mothers, with a mean age of 29.4 ± 5.2 years, were evaluated, 75.0% of whom had good knowledge and 46.2% had positive attitudes. High school education, mothers' employment and mothers' absence from home for at least 8 hours a day were the factors predicting poor attitudes of mothers. There was a close correlation between mothers' knowledge and attitudes. The results of this study showed that mothers' high educational status, absence, occupation and the number of children in the family and history of accidents during the previous 3 weeks are important predicting factors. PMID:23886078

  9. Some correlates of individuals' attitudes toward lesbians.

    PubMed

    Simon, A

    1995-01-01

    The relationship between individuals' attitudes toward lesbians and other attitudes and personal characteristics was investigated. A total of 564 participants completed the Attitudes Toward Lesbians (ATL) scale (Herek, 1988) along with items assessing interactions with lesbians. Additionally, smaller portions of the sample received some combination of other questionnaires. Most predictions were supported: attitudes were generally not related to respondent sex and gender role self-concept, and positive attitudes were associated with having positive contact with lesbians, lesbian friends, and contemporary attitudes toward women. Predictions involving the relationship between attitudes and social desirability, sexual permissiveness, and love style received mixed support. The two-fold purpose of the investigation, to provide information about correlates and to replicate past trends, was accomplished. PMID:7594410

  10. Linearization of attitude-control error dynamics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph Bach; Russell Paielli

    1993-01-01

    Some useful properties of direction-cosine and quaternion attitude formulations that include specification of attitude error and the inversion of rigid-body rotational dynamics are reviewed. The inversion procedure is then applied to a measure of attitude error to realize a new model-follower control system that exhibits linear attitude-error dynamics. Error analyses and simulation results for spacecraft attitude-control systems are presented to

  11. Measuring Safety Climate in Primary Care Offices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gurdev Singh; Ranjit Singh; Eric J. Thomas; Reva Fish; Renee Kee; Saburo Okazaki; Diana Anderson

    2007-01-01

    The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is a self-administered survey that measures six safety attitude constructs. The performance of the ambulatory version of the survey (SAQ-A) has not been evaluated in primary care offices. Objectives: The objectives of this project were to (1) test the internal consistency-reliability of the SAQ-A in primary care offices, and (2) develop a cybernetic model to

  12. Questionnaire number ....... Scientific heads

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to make your choices as sincerely as possible. To encourage you to answer the questions as thoughtfully and sincerely as you can, we have introduced a payment procedure which makes sincerity the best attitude, namely

  13. Questionnaire number ...... Scientific heads

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    to make your choices as sincerely as possible. To encourage you to answer the questions as thoughtfully and sincerely as you can, we have introduced a payment procedure which makes sincerity the best attitude, namely

  14. A Changing Healthcare System Model: The Effectiveness of Knowledge, Attitude, and Skill of Nursing Assistants Who Attend Senile Dementia Patients in Nursing Homes in Xi'an, China - A Questionnaire Survey

    PubMed Central

    Cui, Yan; Fan, Rong; Wang, Yue-Min; Kaye, Aaron Joshua; Kaye, Alan David; Bueno, Franklin Rivera; Pei, Jian-Ming

    2014-01-01

    Background In 2010, China had an elderly population of 1.78 billion people. As in other societies around the world, China is facing a growing challenge in providing care for its elderly citizens. Ensuring the highest quality of care for elderly patients, many of whom have senile dementia, is directly related to the performance of nursing assistants. Methods With the goal of investigating the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of nursing assistants who care for senile dementia patients in nursing homes in Xi'an, China, we distributed a survey and analyzed the responses. Results Nursing assistants showed dedication and sincerity in their care for senile dementia patients. However, their performances in the categories of life nursing and mental nursing reveal room for improvement. Further, the nursing assistants did not display adequate knowledge about senile dementia. Based on survey results, the knowledge of the nursing assistants concerning nursing safety was comparatively adequate. Conclusion Nursing assistants who care for senile dementia patients in nursing homes in Xi'an, China, require further training that expands their knowledge and increases their capabilities. We recommend that nursing homes in Xi'an offer a standardized professional nurse/nurse assistant training course that focuses on care for elderly patients with senile dementia. PMID:25249797

  15. The Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire

    PubMed Central

    Spilsbury, James C.; Drotar, Dennis; Rosen, Carol L.; Redline, Susan

    2007-01-01

    Study Objectives: Developed the Cleveland Adolescent Sleepiness Questionnaire (CASQ), a brief, self-completed instrument to measure excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Participants: A subsample of 411 adolescents 11–17 years of age recruited from area schools, churches, and “control” participants in a sleep disordered breathing cohort study; a second subsample of 62 adolescents with diagnosed sleep disordered breathing also participating in the sleep disordered breathing study. Measurements: Participants completed the CASQ along with two other available measures of daytime sleepiness and other sleep parameters (sleep duration on school nights, sleep duration on non-school nights, and sleep debt, defined as non-school night sleep duration minus school-night sleep duration). Demographic information was obtained from a caregiver-completed questionnaire. The CASQ was developed using exploratory factor analysis, followed by confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modeling techniques. Results: Goodness-of-fit measures for the final 16-item scale structure ranged from good to excellent. The CASQ's internal consistency was good (? = 0.89). Correlations between the CASQ, two other measures of daytime sleepiness, and sleep parameters gave preliminary evidence of the CASQ's construct validity. Conclusion: The CASQ shows promise as a valid measure of daytime sleepiness in adolescents. Citation: Spilsbury JC; Drotar D; Rosen CL et al. The cleveland adolescent sleepiness questionnaire: a new measure to assess excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents. PMID:17993042

  16. Measurement of Teen Dating Violence Attitudes: An Item Response Theory Evaluation of Differential Item Functioning According to Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edelen, Maria Orlando; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Marshall, Grant N.; Jaycox, Lisa H.

    2009-01-01

    Accurate assessment of attitudes about intimate partner violence is important for evaluation of prevention and early intervention programs. Assessment of attitudes about cross-gender interactions is particularly susceptible to bias because it requires specifying the gender of the perpetrator and the victim. As it is likely that respondents will…

  17. Attitude and behavior are correlates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shrigley, Robert L.

    Science attitude scales can be expected to predict science-related behavior. But A-B correspondence can seldom be expected to approach the r value of 1.00. Attitude and behavior covary to the degree that valid measurement and mediating variables are considered: Individual differences of subjects (e.g., high versus low self-monitoring); the social situation (e.g., direct experience); cognitive factors (e.g., attitude accessibility in memory). Attitude and behavior are reciprocal; that is, attitude can follow behavior. Variables other than attitude, e.g., behavioral intention, previous behavior, and habit, may under some conditions better predict behavior. Also, a viable alternative to attitude testing may be direct appraisal of some science classroom behaviors through ethnomethodology.

  18. Heartfelt empathy? No association between interoceptive awareness, questionnaire measures of empathy, reading the mind in the eyes task or the director task

    PubMed Central

    Ainley, Vivien; Maister, Lara; Tsakiris, Manos

    2015-01-01

    Interoception, defined as afferent information arising from within the body, is the basis of all emotional experience and underpins the ‘self.’ However, people vary in the extent to which interoceptive signals reach awareness. This trait modulates both their experience of emotion and their ability to distinguish ‘self’ from ‘other’ in multisensory contexts. The experience of emotion and the degree of self/other distinction or overlap are similarly fundamental to empathy, which is an umbrella term comprising affect sharing, empathic concern and perspective-taking (PT). A link has therefore often been assumed between interoceptive awareness (IA) and empathy despite a lack of clear evidence. To test the hypothesis that individual differences in both traits should correlate, we measured IA in four experiments, using a well-validated heartbeat perception task, and compared this with scores on several tests that relate to various aspects of empathy. We firstly measured scores on the Index of Interpersonal Reactivity and secondly on the Questionnaire of Cognitive and Affective Empathy. Thirdly, because the ‘simulationist’ account assumes that affect sharing is involved in recognizing emotion, we employed the ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task’ for the recognition of facial expressions. Contrary to expectation, we found no significant relationships between IA and any aspect of these measures. This striking lack of direct links has important consequences for hypotheses about the extent to which empathy is necessarily embodied. Finally, to assess cognitive PT ability, which specifically requires self/other distinction, we used the ‘Director Task’ but found no relationship. We conclude that the abilities that make up empathy are potentially related to IA in a variety of conflicting ways, such that a direct association between IA and various components of empathy has yet to be established. PMID:25983715

  19. Relationship between the Onset of Depression and Stress Response Measured by the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire among Japanese Employees: A Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Wada, Keiko; Sairenchi, Toshimi; Haruyama, Yasuo; Taneichi, Hiromi; Ishikawa, Yumiko; Muto, Takashi

    2013-01-01

    Background The proportion of Japanese workers experiencing intense worry or stress during working life is in excess of 60%, and the incidence of psychiatric disorders and suicide due to psychological burden from work duties is increasing. To confirm whether the stress response measured by the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) can identify risk for depression, a cohort study was conducted to evaluate whether the stress response measured by BJSQ was associated with the onset of depression. Methods A total of 1,810 participants aged 20–70 years in 2005 completed the stress response of the BJSQ and were followed-up until August, 2007 by examining sick pay records. Depression was defined by a description in sick pay records that included “depression” or “depressive symptoms” as a reason for sick leave according to a physician's medical certificate. The participants were divided into quartiles (Ql, Q2, Q3, and Q4) according to the total stress response score of BJSQ at baseline. Furthermore, the participants were divided into a higher score category (Q4) and a lower score category (Q1–Q3). Risk ratios of the stress response of the BJSQ for onset of depression were calculated using a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model. Results Among 1,810 participants, 14 developed depression during a mean of 1.8 years of follow-up. The risk ratio was 2.96 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04–8.42, p for trend?=?0.002) when the higher stress response score category of BJSQ was compared with the low stress response score category for sick leave due to depression. After adjusting for gender, age, marital status, and having children, the risk ratios were similar to no adjustment. Conclusions These findings suggest that the stress response measured by the BJSQ can demonstrate risk for the onset of depression. PMID:23424656

  20. Development of the Sport Orientation Questionnaire.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Diane L.; Deeter, Thomas E.

    1988-01-01

    An analysis of the Sport Orientation Questionnaire, a multidimensional, sport-specific measure of individual differences in achievement orientation, indicates that it is a valid and reliable measure of individual sport achievement orientation. (JD)

  1. Global Positioning System Integer Ambiguity Resolution without Attitude Knowledge

    E-print Network

    Crassidis, John L.

    1 Global Positioning System Integer Ambiguity Resolution without Attitude Knowledge John L measurements from Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers provides a novel approach for three-axis attitude

  2. Job attitudes.

    PubMed

    Judge, Timothy A; Kammeyer-Mueller, John D

    2012-01-01

    Job attitudes research is arguably the most venerable and popular topic in organizational psychology. This article surveys the field as it has been constituted in the past several years. Definitional issues are addressed first, in an attempt to clarify the nature, scope, and structure of job attitudes. The distinction between cognitive and affective bases of job attitudes has been an issue of debate, and recent research using within-persons designs has done much to inform this discussion. Recent research has also begun to reformulate the question of dispositional or situational influences on employee attitudes by addressing how these factors might work together to influence attitudes. Finally, there has also been a continual growth in research investigating how employee attitudes are related to a variety of behaviors at both the individual and aggregated level of analysis. PMID:22129457

  3. Attitudes Toward Violence: The Interaction of TV Exposure, Family Attitudes and Social Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominick, Joseph R.; Greenberg, Bradley S.

    Three antecedent variables were examined to determine their effects on children's attitudes toward aggression--the child's exposure to television violence, his perceptions of his family's attitudes toward violence, and the family's socioeconomic status. Questionnaires which were completed by 434 fourth through sixth grade boys elicited responses…

  4. Shared decision making in psychiatric practice and the primary care setting is unique, as measured using a 9-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9)

    PubMed Central

    De las Cuevas, Carlos; Peñate, Wenceslao; Perestelo-Pérez, Lilisbeth; Serrano-Aguilar, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Background To measure and compare the extent to which shared a decision making (SDM) process is implemented both in psychiatric outpatient clinical encounters and in the primary care setting from the patient’s perspective. Methods A total of 1,477 patients recruited from the Canary Islands Health Service mental health and primary care departments were invited to complete the nine-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) immediately after their consultation. MANCOVA, Student’s t-test, and Pearson correlations were used to assess the relationship and differences between SDM-Q-9 scores in patient samples. Results No differences were found in SDM-Q-9 total scores between the two patient samples, but there were relevant differences when item by item analysis was applied; differences were observed according to the different steps of the SDM process. SDM is present to a very limited extent in the routine psychiatric setting compared to primary care. Patients’ age, education, type of appointment, and treatment decision all play a specific role in predicting SDM. Conclusion The study provides evidence that SDM is a complex process that needs to be analyzed according to its different steps. SDM patterns were different in the primary care and psychiatric outpatient care settings and reflect quite a different perspective of the decision making process. PMID:23950646

  5. Predicting Student Attitudes and Grades from Perceptions of Instructors' Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Janie H.

    2006-01-01

    Psychological availability to students defines immediacy, a concept traditionally measured using ratings of instructor behaviors. However, students' perceptions of their professor's attitude toward them may serve as a more parsimonious measure of psychological availability. In fact, ratings of a professor's attitude toward students are positively…

  6. The Moderating Influence of Attitude Strength on the Susceptibility to Context Effects in Attitude Surveys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Lavine; Joseph W. Huff; Stephen H. Wagner; Donna Sweeney

    1998-01-01

    In 3 experiments, the authors assessed whether attitude strength moderates the susceptibility of attitudes to item context effects in surveys. In Experiment 1, respondents completed multiple measures of attitude strength. Three weeks later, respondents participated in a context experiment. Results revealed that respondents with weak attitudes exhibited significantly larger context effect for 1 of 2 issues. In Experiment 2, the

  7. New instrument for measuring student beliefs about physics and learning physics: The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adams, W. K.; Perkins, K. K.; Podolefsky, N. S.; Dubson, M.; Finkelstein, N. D.; Wieman, C. E.

    2006-06-01

    The Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS) is a new instrument designed to measure student beliefs about physics and about learning physics. This instrument extends previous work by probing additional aspects of student beliefs and by using wording suitable for students in a wide variety of physics courses. The CLASS has been validated using interviews, reliability studies, and extensive statistical analyses of responses from over 5000 students. In addition, a new methodology for determining useful and statistically robust categories of student beliefs has been developed. This paper serves as the foundation for an extensive study of how student beliefs impact and are impacted by their educational experiences. For example, this survey measures the following: that most teaching practices cause substantial drops in student scores; that a student’s likelihood of becoming a physics major correlates with their “Personal Interest” score; and that, for a majority of student populations, women’s scores in some categories, including “Personal Interest” and “Real World Connections,” are significantly different from men’s scores.

  8. Students' attitudes towards learning statistics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghulami, Hassan Rahnaward; Hamid, Mohd Rashid Ab; Zakaria, Roslinazairimah

    2015-05-01

    Positive attitude towards learning is vital in order to master the core content of the subject matters under study. This is unexceptional in learning statistics course especially at the university level. Therefore, this study investigates the students' attitude towards learning statistics. Six variables or constructs have been identified such as affect, cognitive competence, value, difficulty, interest, and effort. The instrument used for the study is questionnaire that was adopted and adapted from the reliable instrument of Survey of Attitudes towards Statistics(SATS©). This study is conducted to engineering undergraduate students in one of the university in the East Coast of Malaysia. The respondents consist of students who were taking the applied statistics course from different faculties. The results are analysed in terms of descriptive analysis and it contributes to the descriptive understanding of students' attitude towards the teaching and learning process of statistics.

  9. Are the Emotionally Intelligent Happier? Associations Between the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQUE) and External Measures of Happiness and Well-Being. 

    E-print Network

    Raithatha, Sonal

    2009-07-03

    This study used self-report questionnaires to investigate emotional intelligence (EI) in relation to happiness and well-being. Previous research has supported the links between well-being and life satisfaction to EI. This ...

  10. Validation of a specific measure to assess health-related quality of life in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: the 'Tolerability and quality of life' (TOOL) questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Angel L Montejo; Javier Correas Lauffer; Jesús Cuervo; Pablo Rebollo; Luis Cordero; Teresa Diez; Jorge Maurino

    2011-01-01

    Background  Perception of quality of life may differ depending on the perspective. The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric\\u000a properties of the Spanish version of the 'TOlerability and quality Of Life' (TOOL) questionnaire, a specific self-rated instrument\\u000a to evaluate the impact of side effects of antipsychotic drugs on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The questionnaire\\u000a consists of eight

  11. Exploring Attitudes towards Computer Use among Pre-Service Teachers from Singapore and the UK: A Multi-Group Invariance Test of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Timothy; Noyes, Jan

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to compare the pre-service teachers from Singapore and the UK on their self-reported attitude towards computer use (ATCU) by employing the technology acceptance model (TAM) as the research framework. Design/methodology/approach: In total, 395 pre-service teachers completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses…

  12. An Assessment of the Influence of Perceived Enjoyment and Attitude on the Intention to Use Technology among Pre-Service Teachers: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Timothy; Noyes, Jan

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the influence of perceived enjoyment on pre-service teachers' intention to use technology, in addition to re-appraising the role of attitude toward use in the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM; Davis, Bagozzi, & Warshaw, 1989). One hundred and fifty-three participants in Singapore completed a survey questionnaire measuring their…

  13. The Impact of Subjective Norm and Facilitating Conditions on Pre-Service Teachers' Attitude toward Computer Use: A Structural Equation Modeling of an Extended Technology Acceptance Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teo, Timothy

    2009-01-01

    This study examined pre-service teachers' self-report on their attitude toward computer use. Participants were 285 pre-service teachers at a teacher training institution in Singapore. They completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses to five constructs which formed a research model using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a…

  14. Measuring angler attitudes toward the catch-related aspects of recreational fishing 

    E-print Network

    Anderson, David K.

    2005-11-01

    The primary purposes of this dissertation were understanding the nature of an attitudinal scale designed to measure the consumptive orientation of recreational anglers and filling a gap in the published literature regarding ...

  15. Determination of attitude motion of the Foton M-2 satellite using the data of onboard measurements of its angular velocity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abrashkin, V. I.; Kazakova, A. E.; Sazonov, V. V.; Chebukov, S. Yu.

    2008-04-01

    We present the resutls of a prompt determination of the uncontrolled attitude motion of the Foton M-2 satellite, which was in orbit from May 31 to June 16, 2005. The data of onboard measurements of the angular velocity vector were used for this determination. The measurement sessions were carried out once a day, each lasting 83 min. Upon terminating a session, the data were transmitted to the ground to be processed using the least squares method and integrating the equations of motion of the satellite with respect to its center of mass. As a result of processing, the initial conditions of motion during a session were estimated, as well as parameters of the mathematical model used. The satellite’s actual motion is determined for 12 such sessions. The results obtained in flight completely described the satellite’s motion. This motion, having begun with a small angular velocity, gradually became faster, and in two days became close to the regular Euler precession of an axisymmetric solid body. On June 14, 2005 the angular velocity of the satellite with respect to its longitudinal axis was approximately 1.3 degrees per second, and the angular velocity projection onto a plane perpendicular to this axis had a magnitude of about 0.11 degrees per second. The results obtained are consistent with more precise results obtained later by processing the data on the Earth’s magnetic field measured on the same satellite, and they complement the latter in determination of the motion in the concluding segment of the flight, when no magnetic measurements were performed.

  16. Functional attitude theories revisited: an ecological perspective on attitude change 

    E-print Network

    Marsh, Kerry Lynn

    1986-01-01

    a message matched to the attitude function aroused in the priming exercise, a second third received an unmatched message, and the last third received no message. In addition, an extra con- trol group received no priming exercise or persuasive... message. Students listening to a message segmented it into meaningful units; attitude, recall, and evaluations of the message were measured afterwards. Attitude meas- ures were also obtained in the control conditions. Recall and persuasion were...

  17. Student attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war: Friends as influential reference persons

    SciTech Connect

    Marasch, M.J.

    1992-01-01

    A renewed interest in research into the psychology of the threat of nuclear war occurred in the past decade as national attention focused increasingly on the arms race between the US and the USSR. Some of this research began the task of exploring the social influences upon attitudes and responses to the nuclear threat. Research on friends as potential influences upon nuclear attitudes was minimal. The present study investigated the role of college friends as potential reference persons in the formation of nuclear attitudes. A battery of questionnaires addressing various nuclear war and non-nuclear war attitudes was completed by 200 student-friend dyads from introductory psychology and sociology courses at the University of North Dakota. Three hypotheses were presented in this study. One hypothesis was that students would perceive their friends as having similar attitudes toward the threat of nuclear war. A second hypothesis was that the actual attitudes between pairs of students and friends would be similar. The third hypothesis was that the attitudes would have become more similar over the course of the development of the friendship (as measured retrospectively). The first hypothesis was borne out by the data. The second and third hypotheses were not supported. There are several implications of the findings. One implication is that the nuclear issue may not be as salient to college students as other, more immediate, issues. Another implication is that a relative lack of communication between college students on political issues precludes more effective mutual influence upon the development and change of such attitudes. A false consensus bias appeared to be operative when the students perceived that their attitudes were similar. Further discussion is presented in regard to past and future psychological research upon nuclear war attitudes.

  18. Attitudes toward child mental health services: adaptation and development of an attitude scale

    E-print Network

    Turner, Erlanger A

    2006-10-30

    on problems in adulthood, it is important to examine the influence of attitudes on seeking mental health service for children. Currently, no known measure exists to measure attitudes toward mental health services for children. Building on previous research...

  19. Wind-tunnel roll-damping measurements of a winged space shuttle configuration in launch attitude

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hess, R. W.; Davenport, E. E.

    1973-01-01

    Ground-wind load studies were conducted on three model configurations to assess the importance of aeroelastic instabilities of erected space shuttle vehicles. Roll damping was measured on a fuselage-alone model, which had a D cross section, and a fuselage and tail surfaces in combination with either a clipped-delta wing or a low-sweep tapered wing as the primary lifting surface. The largest negative roll-damping coefficients were measured with the fuselage-alone configuration and were a function of wind azimuth. At the wind azimuths at which the wing-fuselage configuration was unstable, the negative roll-damping coefficients were a function of reduced frequency.

  20. Unpacking attitude certainty: attitude clarity and attitude correctness.

    PubMed

    Petrocelli, John V; Tormala, Zakary L; Rucker, Derek D

    2007-01-01

    Attitude certainty has been the subject of considerable attention in the attitudes and persuasion literature. The present research identifies 2 aspects of attitude certainty and provides evidence for the distinctness of the constructs. Specifically, it is proposed that attitude certainty can be conceptualized, and empirically separated, in terms of attitude clarity (the subjective sense that one knows what one's attitude is) and attitude correctness (the subjective sense that one's attitude is correct or valid). Experiment 1 uses factor analysis and correlational data to provide evidence for viewing attitude clarity and attitude correctness as separate constructs. Experiments 2 and 3 demonstrate that attitude clarity and attitude correctness can have distinct antecedents (repeated expression and consensus feedback, respectively). Experiment 4 reveals that these constructs each play an independent role in persuasion and resistance situations. As clarity and correctness increase, attitudes become more resistant to counterattitudinal persuasive messages. These findings are discussed in relation to the existing attitude strength literature. PMID:17201540