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1

Attitudes toward urban green spaces: integrating questionnaire survey and collaborative GIS techniques to improve attitude measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes influence behavior towards urban green spaces. But determining attitudes toward urban green spaces is not well operationalized in urban planning research. A study was conducted in the West Island, Montreal, Canada to elaborate the design and development of a valid and reliable instrument to measure the dimensions of citizen attitudes toward urban green spaces. The use of qualitative and

Shivanand Balram; Suzana Dragi?evi?

2005-01-01

2

Introducing Psychometrical Validation of Questionnaires in CALL Research: The Case of Measuring Attitude towards CALL  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The great majority of questionnaires measuring non-observable constructs such as attitude towards CALL are often developed from a specific point of view and are seldom followed by psychometrical validation. Psychometrical properties of the questionnaire, such as construct validity and reliability, then remain unanswered too often, laying a heavy…

Vandewaetere, M.; Desmet, P.

2009-01-01

3

Measuring recovery: Validity of the "Recovery Process Inventory" and the "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire".  

PubMed

Considerable lack of publications and inconsistent results on construct validity make it difficult to choose an appropriate instrument to measure recovery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate additional psychometric aspects of two established measures of personal recovery with differing focusses. Bivariate associations of the recovery measures with personal, clinical and subjective factors were conducted as indicators of concurrent (convergent and divergent) validity. The scales were also tested concerning internal consistency. The sample comprised of 81 inpatients on an acute psychiatric ward (main diagnoses: 27% substance-related disorders, 27% schizophrenic disorders, 25% affective disorders, 10% neurotic or stress-related disorders, and 11% personality disorders). The "Recovery Attitudes Questionnaire (RAQ)" has to be reevaluated before further administration due to serious psychometric shortcomings concerning internal consistency and concurrent validity. The "Recovery Process Inventory (RPI)" total scale showed acceptable concurrent and within-scale validity and can be recommended in order to measure the personal recovery process for clinical and scientific purposes. PMID:23859131

Jaeger, Matthias; Konrad, Albrecht; Rueegg, Sebastian; Rabenschlag, Franziska

2013-07-13

4

Validation of a questionnaire to measure mathematics confidence, computer confidence, and attitudes towards the use of technology for learning mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the validation of a questionnaire designed to measure general mathematics confidence, general confidence\\u000a with using technology, and attitudes towards the use of technology for mathematics learning. A questionnaire was administered\\u000a to 289 students commencing a tertiary level course on linear algebra and calculus. Scales formed on the basis of factor analysis\\u000a demonstrated high internal consistency reliability

Gerry Fogarty; Patricia Cretchley; Chris Harman; Nerida Ellerton; Nissam Konki

2001-01-01

5

Brief report: reliability and validity of the shared activities questionnaire as a measure of middle school students' attitudes toward autism.  

PubMed

The Shared Activities Questionnaire (SAQ) is a self-report measure of children's behavioral intentions towards peers with disabilities. The SAQ has been validated as a measure of elementary school students' attitudes towards peers with disabilities. In the present study, psychometric properties of the SAQ as a measure of middle school students' attitudes toward autism were examined in a sample of 1,007 students (M age = 12.95 years). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor structure found for elementary school students. Internal consistency reliability was excellent. Criterion-related validity was established by demonstrating strong and positive relationships with a measure of cognitive attitudes. The SAQ is a reliable and valid measure of middle school students' behavioral intentions towards autism. PMID:18293073

Campbell, Jonathan M

2008-02-22

6

Measuring and benchmarking safety culture: application of the safety attitudes questionnaire to an acute medical admissions unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To assess the safety culture in an acute medical admissions unit (AMAU) of a teaching hospital in order to benchmark results\\u000a against international data and guide a unit-based, integrated, risk management strategy.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ), a validated instrument for the measurement of safety culture was applied to an AMAU.\\u000a All AMAU healthcare staff (n = 92) were surveyed: doctors, nurses,

E. Relihan; S. Glynn; D. Daly; B. Silke; S. Ryder

2009-01-01

7

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

8

The Psychometric Evaluation of a Questionnaire to Measure Attitudes towards Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In many countries, there has been a development towards the inclusion of students with special educational needs in regular education. Over the past decade, this has resulted in an increased interest in attitudes towards this educational change of those directly involved. This current study aims at the development, psychometric evaluation, and…

de Boer, Anke; Timmerman, Marieke; Pijl, Sip Jan; Minnaert, Alexander

2012-01-01

9

Contributions of the Cognitive Style Questionnaire and the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale to Measuring Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first objective of this study was to separate the contributions of the Cognitive Style Questionnaire (CSQ) and the Dysfunctional\\u000a Attitude Scale (DAS) to maladaptive cognitive patterns in their relations to symptoms of depression and their potential developmental\\u000a origins: emotional maltreatment, parents’ typical feedback styles, and parents’ dysfunctional attitudes regarding their offspring.\\u000a Other objectives were to examine these relations in

J. M. Oliver; Sarah L. Murphy; Daniel R. Ferland; Michael J. Ross

2007-01-01

10

The relationship of observed maternal behavior to questionnaire measures of parenting knowledge, attitudes, and emotional state in adolescent mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although relationships have been found between maternal psychological characteristics and cognitive and emotional outcomes in children, the behaviors which may mediate these relationships are seldom examined. This is especially true for adolescent mothers, whose children are thought to be at high risk for adverse outcomes. In this study, adolescent mothers in two special programs completed questionnaires measuring perception of the

Linda LeResche; Donna Strobino; Peggy Parks; Pamela Fischer; Vincent Smeriglio

1983-01-01

11

Development and validation of IMAQ: Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Complementary\\/alternative medicine and integrative medicine (CAM\\/IM) are increasingly used in the U.S. We set out to develop and validate a brief questionnaire measuring health care provider and medical student attitudes regarding these approaches to healthcare. METHODS: IMAQ is a 29-item, 7-point Likert scale rated instrument, developed from focus groups consisting of faculty, fellows, visiting residents, and medical students at

Craig D Schneider; Paula M Meek; Iris R Bell

2003-01-01

12

Measures of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Mainstream and BDSM Sexual Terms Using the IRAP and Questionnaire with BDSM/Fetish and Student Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) examines implicit attitudes through the measurement of response latencies. In this study, the IRAP was used to assess implicit attitudes toward "mainstream" sexual terms (e.g., Kissing) and "BDSM" terms (e.g., Bondage) among individuals reporting BDSM interests and among students who did not…

Stockwell, Fawna M. J.; Walker, Diana J.; Eshleman, John W.

2010-01-01

13

Risk Attitude Scales: Concepts and Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract ,While risk behavior, has,been,studied intensely,and,a large,number,of risk perception, studies are available , far less research exists regarding people's mind-sets towards risk- taking, i.e., risk attitudes, such as, risk propensity and risk aversion. These can be conceptualized,as two poles of a one-dimensional,attitude towards,risk-taking but also as two separate,concepts. ,It is widely ,assumed ,that people ,differ considerably ,in their ,attitude towards

Bernd Rohrmann

14

MEASURING TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TO NEW EDUCATIONAL MEDIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a questionnaire designed to measure teachers’ attitudes to new educational media is described. Responses to the questionnaire were largely positive, and indicated pressures of social desirability: accordingly, therefore, the reliability and particularly the validity of the questionnaire were found to be weak. Other approaches to measurement in this area are discussed.

James Hartley; Janet Holt

1971-01-01

15

The Motherhood Inventory: A Questionnaire for Studying Attitudes Toward Motherhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Motherhood Inventory (MI) is a 40-item questionnaire developed to study attitudes toward motherhood and the motherhood myth. It includes items related to the control of reproduction, abortion, adoption, single motherhood, male-female relationships, and idealized and punitive attitudes toward mothers. The MI was investigated using 301 subjects…

Hare-Mustin, Rachel T.; Broderick, Patricia C.

16

The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. METHODS: Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843) in 203 clinical

John B Sexton; Robert L Helmreich; Torsten B Neilands; Kathy Rowan; Keryn Vella; James Boyden; Peter R Roberts; Eric J Thomas

2006-01-01

17

The Spanos Attitudes Toward Hypnosis Questionnaire: Psychometric Characteristics and Normative Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Attitudes Toward Hypnosis Questionnaire (ATHQ) is a 14-item, self-report measure of positive versus negative attitudes about hypnosis. It is composed of three subscales identified via factor analysis: Positive Beliefs, Fearlessness, and Mental Stability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the generalizability of the original factor structure of the ATHQ and to provide normative data based on a

Leonard S. Milling

2012-01-01

18

Development of the Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire in Bipolar Disorder  

PubMed Central

Despite the success of pharmacotherapy in the management of bipolar disorder, as many as one-half of those in treatment discontinue their medication over time. Currently, no self-report measure is available that predicts treatment engagement in bipolar disorder. The goal of the current study was to develop a measure of awareness of symptoms and attitudes toward treatment among those with bipolar disorder. Sixty-six participants diagnosed with bipolar I disorder on the SCID completed the Treatment Attitudes Questionnaire (TAQ) and were then followed for up to 2 years to assess symptom levels. Medication data were available for 37 participants. Analyses of the TAQ were conducted to examine reliability, predictors of subscales, and how well scores predicted medication and symptom levels over time. Results indicate that previous episodes of depression, but not episodes of mania, correlated with increased scores on the Insight and the Enjoyment of Mania subscales. Scores on the Nonbiological Attributions subscale predicted lower levels of lithium as well as increased depressive symptoms over time. Although the current study includes limited measurement of treatment engagement and a small sample size, this easily administered scale may help treatment planning for those with bipolar disorder.

Johnson, Sheri L.; Fulford, Daniel

2009-01-01

19

Establishing the validity and reliability of a pediatric pain knowledge and attitudes questionnaire.  

PubMed

Children continue to experience unrelieved pain during hospitalization, despite the evidence to guide nurses' pain management practices being readily available. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes have been identified as a possible reason for suboptimal pain management. This study examines the validity and reliability of an existing questionnaire to validate it for use in the population of interest. Initial testing demonstrated low reliability and validity. Modifications to the questionnaire were made on the basis of these results and the feedback provided by experts in pediatric pain management. Subsequent testing demonstrated good validity and reliability, suggesting that the questionnaire is appropriate for measuring nurses' knowledge and attitudes in relation to pediatric pain management. PMID:23972870

Twycross, Alison; Williams, Anna

2011-04-17

20

Construct Validity for the Teachers' Attitudes toward Computers Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Positive teacher attitudes toward computers are widely recognized as a necessary condition for effective use of information technology in the classroom (Woodrow, 1992). To measure attitudes toward technology, it is important to have valid and reliable instruments. In this study, the authors used confirmatory factor analysis to verify construct…

Christensen, Ronda W.; Knezek, Gerald A.

2009-01-01

21

Validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire3 among a random sample of Jordanian women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring the impact of westernization on body image is an important element in understanding body dissatisfaction and eating disorders in countries undergoing cultural transitions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3, a measure of societal and media impacts on body image, in a non-western population. Factor analyses identified

Hala N. Madanat; Steven R. Hawks; Ralph B. Brown

2006-01-01

22

The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire: psychometric properties, benchmarking data, and emerging research  

PubMed Central

Background There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. Methods Six cross-sectional surveys of health care providers (n = 10,843) in 203 clinical areas (including critical care units, operating rooms, inpatient settings, and ambulatory clinics) in three countries (USA, UK, New Zealand). Multilevel factor analyses yielded results at the clinical area level and the respondent nested within clinical area level. We report scale reliability, floor/ceiling effects, item factor loadings, inter-factor correlations, and percentage of respondents who agree with each item and scale. Results A six factor model of provider attitudes fit to the data at both the clinical area and respondent nested within clinical area levels. The factors were: Teamwork Climate, Safety Climate, Perceptions of Management, Job Satisfaction, Working Conditions, and Stress Recognition. Scale reliability was 0.9. Provider attitudes varied greatly both within and among organizations. Results are presented to allow benchmarking among organizations and emerging research is discussed. Conclusion The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire demonstrated good psychometric properties. Healthcare organizations can use the survey to measure caregiver attitudes about six patient safety-related domains, to compare themselves with other organizations, to prompt interventions to improve safety attitudes and to measure the effectiveness of these interventions.

Sexton, John B; Helmreich, Robert L; Neilands, Torsten B; Rowan, Kathy; Vella, Keryn; Boyden, James; Roberts, Peter R; Thomas, Eric J

2006-01-01

23

Measuring Statistics Attitudes: Structure of the Survey of Attitudes toward Statistics (SATS-36)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a number of instruments for assessing attitudes toward statistics have been developed, several questions with regard to the structure and item functioning remain unresolved. In this study, the structure of the Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics (SATS-36), a widely used questionnaire to measure six aspects of students' attitudes toward…

VanHoof, Stijn; Kuppens, Sofie; Sotos, Ana Elisa Castro; Verschaffel, Lieven; Onghena, Patrick

2011-01-01

24

Staff attitudes towards working with drug users: development of the Drug Problems Perceptions Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of an adaptation of the Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perceptions Questionnaire to measure the attitudes of staff to working with drug users (the DDPPQ). Participants were a stratified random sample of medical staff, clinical psychologists, occupational therapists and nurses (n = 672) who work within generic mental health, adolescent

Hazel Watson; William Maclaren; Susan M. Kerr

2006-01-01

25

Development and validation of the Brazilian version of the Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ): An example of merging classical psychometric theory and the Rasch measurement model  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Aging has determined a demographic shift in the world, which is considered a major societal achievement, and a challenge. Aging is primarily a subjective experience, shaped by factors such as gender and culture. There is a lack of instruments to assess attitudes to aging adequately. In addition, there is no instrument developed or validated in developing region contexts, so

Eduardo Chachamovich; Marcelo P Fleck; Clarissa M Trentini; Ken Laidlaw; Mick J Power

2008-01-01

26

The Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ-3): reliability and normative comparisons of eating disordered patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) is a measure of one’s endorsement of societal appearance ideals. The measure has received extensive evaluation in normative samples, but only minimal evaluation in clinical groups. In this study, 440 patients with eating disorders completed the SATAQ-3. Internal consistencies were excellent for the four SATAQ-3 subscales. Groups did not differ by diagnosis on

Rachel M Calogero; William N Davis; J. Kevin Thompson

2004-01-01

27

Attitude measurement by artificial vision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent development of light and low-cost airborne platforms (microlight, drones, kites, balloons,...) has led to the need for simple and low-cost devices allowing attitude measurement with respect to a reference horizon of the platform itself or of an embedded setting. A theoretical study of the conditions for measuring attitude angles from artificial vision is proposed and an original practical

F. Truchetet; O. Aubreton; P. Gorria; O. Laligant

2006-01-01

28

What do attitude scales measure: The problem of social desirability  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that the tendency to find positive correlations between various measures of personality traits may accrue because of the willingness of S to ascribe to himself either socially desirable or undesirable attitudes on several samples of his self-attitudes. It was found that social desirability did influence the probability of ascribing to oneself items from several kinds of questionnaires,

J. B. Taylor

1961-01-01

29

Development and validation of the ACSI: measuring students’ science attitudes, pro-environmental behaviour, climate change attitudes and knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development and validation of the Attitudes towards Climate Change and Science Instrument. This 63-item questionnaire measures students’ pro-environmental behaviour, their climate change knowledge and their attitudes towards school science, societal implications of science, scientists, a career in science and the urgency of climate change. The results from the pilot and the final study show the questionnaire

E. M. Dijkstra; M. J. Goedhart

2012-01-01

30

Development and Initial Psychometric Assessment of the Plant Attitude Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Plants are integral parts of ecosystems which determine life on Earth. People's attitudes toward them are however, largely overlooked. Here we present initial psychometric assessment of self-constructed Plant Attitude Scale (PAS) that was administered to a sample of 310 Slovakian students living in rural areas aged 10-15 years. The final version…

Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol

2010-01-01

31

Attitude measurement by artificial vision  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent development of light and low-cost airborne platforms (microlight, drones, kites, balloons,...) has led to the need for simple and low-cost devices allowing attitude measurement with respect to a reference horizon of the platform itself or of an embedded setting. A theoretical study of the conditions for measuring attitude angles from artificial vision is proposed and an original practical algorithm allowing these measurements to be performed in real time is described. An implementation in a CMOS retina circuit is also presented. These points are illustrated by experiments confirming the feasibility of the device.

Truchetet, F.; Aubreton, O.; Gorria, P.; Laligant, O.

2006-01-01

32

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest is described; in construction and scoring, the authors have borrowed from the Sexual Orientation Method. Five subscale scores relating to different areas of sexual behavior can be measured, and an overall Sexual Interest score obtained. The measure is fully described, and preliminary data on internal consistency, reliability, and validity are presented. Applications of the

J. J. M. Harbison; P. Joan Graham; J. T. Quinn; H. McAllister; R. Woodward

1974-01-01

33

Attitudes toward TV advertising: A measure for children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new self-report measure of children's attitudes toward TV advertising is described. The self-report scale was administered to 300 8- to-10-year-old children, and their parents completed a questionnaire evaluating socioeconomic status, educational level, and peer influence. Results of a factor analysis supported three identifiable factors reflecting theoretically based constructs of children's attitudes toward TV advertising: enjoyment, credence and behavioral-intention. The

Maria D'Alessio; Fiorenzo Laghi; Roberto Baiocco

2009-01-01

34

Body image during pregnancy: an evaluation of the suitability of the body attitudes questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body Attitudes Questionnaire (BAQ) for measuring body dissatisfaction among pregnant women by comparing the psychometric functioning of the BAQ: (1) across key phases of pregnancy, and (2) between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Methods A total of 176 pregnant women from Melbourne, Victoria filled out a questionnaire battery containing demographic questions and the Body Attitudes Questionnaire at 16, 24, and 32 weeks during pregnancy. A comparison group of 148 non-pregnant women also completed the questionnaire battery at Time 1. Evaluations of the psychometric properties of the BAQ consisted of a series of measurement invariance tests conducted within a structural equation modelling framework. Results Although the internal consistency and factorial validity of the subscales of the BAQ were established across time and also in comparisons between pregnant and non-pregnant women, measurement invariance tests showed non-invariant item intercepts across pregnancy and also in comparison with the non-pregnant subgroup. Inspection of modification indices revealed a complex, non-uniform pattern of differences in item intercepts across groups. Conclusions Collectively, our findings suggest that comparisons of body dissatisfaction between pregnant and non-pregnant women (at least based on the BAQ) are likely to be conflated by differential measurement biases that serve to undermine attempts to accurately assess level of body dissatisfaction. Researchers should be cautious in assessments of body dissatisfaction among pregnant women until a suitable measure has been established for use in this population. Given the fact that body dissatisfaction is often associated with maladaptive behaviours, such as unhealthy eating and extreme weight loss behaviours, and with ante-and post-natal depression, that have serious negative implications for women’s health and well-being, and potentially also for the unborn foetus during pregnancy, developing a suitable body image screening tool, specific to the perinatal period is clearly warranted.

2012-01-01

35

Development of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  There is increasing recognition that public health strategies to prevent childhood obesity need to start early in life. Any\\u000a behavioural interventions need to target maternal attitudes and infant feeding practices, This paper describes the development\\u000a and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to assess maternal attitudes towards infant growth and milk feeding practices.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  We designed a 57-item (19 questions), self-administered questionnaire

Rajalakshmi R Lakshman; Jill R Landsbaugh; Annie Schiff; Wendy Hardeman; Ken K Ong; Simon J Griffin

2011-01-01

36

Validity of Residents' Self-Reported Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Activities: The Preventive Medicine Attitudes and Activities Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. This article describes the development, reliability, and validity of three cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention subscales—CVD prevention behaviors, perceived importance, and perceived effectiveness—of the Preventive Medicine Attitudes and Activities Questionnaire (PMAAQ).Methods. The PMAAQ was administered three times to University of Minnesota family practice residents (178) over 2 years (91% response rate). Stability measures were calculated, and validity was demonstrated in

Kimberly A Murphy; Mark Yeazel

2000-01-01

37

Attitudes toward TV Advertising: A Measure for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new self-report measure of children's attitudes toward TV advertising is described. The self-report scale was administered to 300 8- to-10-year-old children, and their parents completed a questionnaire evaluating socioeconomic status, educational level, and peer influence. Results of a factor analysis supported three identifiable factors…

D'Alessio, Maria; Laghi, Fiorenzo; Baiocco, Roberto

2008-01-01

38

Attitudes toward TV Advertising: A Measure for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new self-report measure of children's attitudes toward TV advertising is described. The self-report scale was administered to 300 8- to-10-year-old children, and their parents completed a questionnaire evaluating socioeconomic status, educational level, and peer influence. Results of a factor analysis supported three identifiable factors…

D'Alessio, Maria; Laghi, Fiorenzo; Baiocco, Roberto

2008-01-01

39

Factorial Validity and Invariance of Questionnaires Measuring Social-Cognitive Determinants of Physical Activity among Adolescent Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. There are few theoretically derived questionnaires of physical activity determinants among youth, and the existing questionnaires have not been subjected to tests of factorial validity and invariance. The present study employed confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to test the factorial validity and invariance of questionnaires designed to be unidimensional measures of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and self-efficacy about

R. W. Motl; R. K. Dishman; S. G. Trost; R. P. Saunders; M. Dowda; G. Felton; D. S. Ward; R. R. Pate

2000-01-01

40

Measures of Diabetic Patient Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Regarding Self-Care. Appendix C to Summary Report: New Measures of Diabetic Patient Behavior, Knowledge, and Attitudes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research goal was to develop a battery of reliable and valid questions that measure the self-care knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of diabetic patients in content areas specified by experts as most important. Questionnaires were developed and admini...

K. H. Marquis J. E. Ware D. A. Relles

1979-01-01

41

Safety Culture in the Maternity Units: a census survey using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Patient safety has been a priority for many societies and health care systems in the last decades. Identification of preventable risks and aversion of potentially unsafe situations and fatal complications in maternity units is life saving. The explicit need to focus on quality of care underpins the aim of the study to initially evaluate the safety culture and teamwork climate in the public Maternity Units of the 5 Regional Hospitals in Cyprus as measured by a validated safety attitudes tool. Methods Data were collected from 140 midwives working in the public sector all over Cyprus by the Greek Version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire-Labor version. Results One hundred and six (75.71%) registered midwives completed the questionnaire fully. The median of total work experience as a registered midwife was 3 years (IQR: 2-18.25); whereas the median of total working experience in the nursing and maternity units was 5 years (IQR: 2-21.75). Experienced midwives rated the following domains higher: team work, safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the midwives with less experience. Additionally those with a longer working life in the current maternity units rated these domains higher: safety climate, job satisfaction and working conditions as opposed to the less experienced midwives. Conclusions The high mean total score on team work and safety climate in the more experienced group of midwives is a predominant finding for the maternity units of Cyprus. In Cyprus where facilities are small in size and midwives know each other, share more responsibility towards patient safety. It could be suggested that younger midwives need more support and teamwork practice to enhance the safety and teamwork climate towards self-confidence.

2011-01-01

42

The Munroe Multicultural Attitude Scale Questionnaire: A New Instrument for Multicultural Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Institutions of higher education want to diversify their learning climates, and many offer courses in multiculturalism, yet these courses still do not meet the needs of attitudinal change. A new instrument was developed, the Munroe Multicultural Attitude Scale Questionnaire (MASQUE), that was theoretically based in Banks's transformative…

Munroe, Arnold; Pearson, Carolyn

2006-01-01

43

Finding Pearls: Psychometric Reevaluation of the Simpson-Troost Attitude Questionnaire (STAQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Simpson-Troost Attitude Questionnaire (STAQ) was developed as part of a study to assess adolescent commitment to and achievement in science. For this psychometric reappraisal of the 57-item STAQ, data were analyzed from a convenience sample of 1,754 secondary students. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were applied, and results…

Owen, Steven V.; Toepperwein, Mary Anne; Marshall, Carolyn E.; Lichtenstein, Michael J.; Blalock, Cheryl L.; Liu, Yan; Pruski, Linda A.; Grimes, Kandi

2008-01-01

44

Development of a Questionnaire Assessing Teacher Perceived Support for and Attitudes About Social and Emotional Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: In the past 20 years school districts have increasingly adopted classroom-based social and emotional development programs. The dissemination of these programs, however, has surpassed our understanding of and ability to assess factors that influence program implementation. The present study responded to this gap by developing a questionnaire that focuses on teacher perceptions of implementation support and teacher attitudes

David Schultz; Archana Ambike; Laura M. Stapleton; Celene E. Domitrovich; Cindy M. Schaeffer; Barbara Bartels

2010-01-01

45

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire: Psychometric properties and relationship to dimensions of eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ). We analyzed the factor structure of the ACQ by conducting exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of healthy adults and a sample of dietician students. Further, the relationship between the resulting ACQ factors and dimensions of eating behavior, personality,

Jochen Müller; Dorothee Dettmer; Michael Macht

2008-01-01

46

Establishing the Validity and Reliability of a Pediatric Pain Knowledge and Attitudes Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children continue to experience unrelieved pain during hospitalization, despite the evidence to guide nurses’ pain management practices being readily available. Nurses’ knowledge and attitudes have been identified as a possible reason for suboptimal pain management. This study examines the validity and reliability of an existing questionnaire to validate it for use in the population of interest. Initial testing demonstrated low

Alison Twycross; Anna Williams

47

Psychiatrists' attitudes towards autonomy, best interests and compulsory treatment in anorexia nervosa: a questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The compulsory treatment of anorexia nervosa is a contentious issue. Research suggests that psychiatrists have a range of attitudes towards patients suffering from anorexia nervosa, and towards the use of compulsory treatment for the disorder. METHODS: A postal self-completed attitudinal questionnaire was sent to senior psychiatrists in the United Kingdom who were mostly general adult psychiatrists, child and adolescent

Jacinta OA Tan; Helen A Doll; Raymond Fitzpatrick; Anne Stewart; Tony Hope

2008-01-01

48

Parenting Preschoolers in Rural Appalachia: Measuring Attitudes and Behaviors and their Relations to Child Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. This study examines the relations between multiple measures of parenting attitudes and behaviors and to child development in a sample of low-SES rural Appalachian European American families. Design. Seventy mothers completed questionnaire measures of parenting attitudes and behaviors, described their parenting behaviors in open-ended interviews, and were observed interacting with their child in the laboratory. Children were assessed with

Margaret Fish; Martin J. Amerikaner; Conrae J. Lucas

2007-01-01

49

CONSTRUCTION AND STANDARDIZATION AF A SEX KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE QUESTIONNAIRE (SKAQ), IN SIMPLE HINDI, FOR NORTH INDIAN POPULATION.  

PubMed Central

A self-administered questionnaire (SKAQ) in simple Hindi was constructed and standardized for assessing the knowledge and attitude of a north Indian population towards sex. SKAQ is a 55- item questionnaire split into two parts: a 35-item knowledge-part with dichotomous choice of responses and a 20-item attitude-part scorable on 3-point Likert scale. Higher scores indicated a better knowledge and a liberal attitude. Its test-retest reliability was established and discriminant validity demonstrated. Both males and females showed poor knowledge about and entertained conservative attitudes. Surprisingly, normal subjects were no different from patients with sexual problems.

Avasthi, Ajit K.; Varma, Vijoy K.; Nehra, Ritu; Das, Karobi

1992-01-01

50

Development of a scale to measure 9–11-year-olds' attitudes towards breakfast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:Development and validation of a questionnaire to measure children's attitudes towards breakfast.Design:A pilot study was used to select questionnaire items and assess test–retest reliability. The questionnaire was then administered to a larger sample of children together with a dietary recall questionnaire. Randomly selected subsets of these children also completed a dietary recall interview or their parents were asked to complete

K Tapper; S Murphy; R Lynch; R Clark; G F Moore; L Moore

2008-01-01

51

Assessing medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills – which components of attitudes do we measure?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Communication Skills Attitudes Scale (CSAS) created by Rees, Sheard and Davies and published in 2002 has been a widely used instrument for measuring medical students' attitudes towards learning communication skills. Earlier studies have shown that the CSAS mainly tests two dimensions of attitudes towards communication; positive attitudes (PAS) and negative attitudes (NAS). The objectives of our study are

Tor Anvik; Tore Gude; Hilde Grimstad; Anders Baerheim; Ole B Fasmer; Per Hjortdahl; Are Holen; Terje Risberg; Per Vaglum

2007-01-01

52

Differences in medical students' attitudes to academic misconduct and reported behaviour across the years--a questionnaire study  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to determine attitudinal and self reported behavioural variations between medical students in different years to scenarios involving academic misconduct. Design: A cross-sectional study where students were given an anonymous questionnaire that asked about their attitudes to 14 scenarios describing a fictitious student engaging in acts of academic misconduct and asked them to report their own potential behaviour. Setting: Dundee Medical School. Participants: Undergraduate medical students from all five years of the course. Method: Questionnaire survey. Main measurements: Differences in medical students' attitudes to the 14 scenarios and their reported potential behaviour with regards to the scenarios in each of the years. Results: For most of the scenarios there was no significant difference in the response between the years. Significant differences in the responses were found for some of the scenarios across the years, where a larger proportion of year one students regarded the scenario as wrong and would not engage in the behaviour, compared to other years. These scenarios included forging signatures, resubmitting work already completed for another part of the course, and falsifying patient information. Conclusion: Observed differences between the years for some scenarios may reflect a change in students' attitudes and behaviour as they progress though the course. The results may be influenced by the educational experience of the students, both in terms of the learning environment and assessment methods used. These differences may draw attention to the potential but unintentional pressures placed on medical students to engage in academic misconduct. The importance of developing strategies to engender appropriate attitudes and behaviours at the undergraduate level must be recognised.

Rennie, S; Rudland, J

2003-01-01

53

Fine Attitude Measurement System Study, Volume 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The definition of a fine attitude measurement system was analyzed using data from the TPD/TNO star mapper, the SODERN star tracker, and the MSDS star mapper, for Earth resources missions. Configurations, preliminary interface data, and performances were g...

1980-01-01

54

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

55

A new instrument to measure pre-service primary teachers' attitudes to teaching mathematics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article outlines the development of an instrument to measure pre-service primary teachers' attitudes to teaching mathematics. A trial questionnaire was devised using the set of Fennema-Sherman scales on students' attitudes to the subject mathematics as a model. Analysis of the responses to the questionnaire by 155 student teachers was carried out to develop meaningful attitude scales and to refine the instrument. The end-product is a new instrument which can be used to monitor the attitudes of student teachers. The attitude scales identified in the analysis and built into the final form of the questionnaire are (i) anxiety, (ii) confidence and enjoyment, (iii) desire for recognition and (iv) pressure to conform.

Nisbet, Steven

1991-06-01

56

Measuring attitude toward social health insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand the health care system a country chooses to adopt or the health care reform a country decides to undertake,\\u000a one must first be able to measure a country’s attitude toward social health insurance. Our primary goal was to develop a construct\\u000a that allows us to measure this “attitude toward social health insurance”. Using a sample of

Chung-Ping A. Loh; Katrin Nihalani; Oliver Schnusenberg

57

Examinee Feedback Questionnaire: Reliability and Validity Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systematic consideration of test-takers' reactions to the tests they take can be an important part of psychometric assessment. The Examinee Feedback Questionnaire (EFeQ) evaluates a variety of aspects of the test situation, such as physical conditions, examiner behavior, the testing conditions, and the test itself. The EFeQ was administered to 1,385 Israeli college applicants who took an entrance examination.

Baruch Nevo

1995-01-01

58

Prisoners' attitudes towards cigarette smoking and smoking cessation: a questionnaire study in Poland  

PubMed Central

Background In the last decade Poland has successfully carried out effective anti-tobacco campaigns and introduced tobacco control legislation. This comprehensive strategy has focused on the general population and has led to a considerable decrease in tobacco consumption. Prisoners constitute a relatively small part of the entire Polish population and smoking habits in this group have been given little attention. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking in Polish male prisoners, factors determining smoking in this group, prisoners' attitudes towards smoking cessation, and to evaluate prisoners' perception of different anti-tobacco measures. Methods An anonymous questionnaire including personal, demographic and smoking data was distributed among 944 male inmates. Of these, 907 men aged between 17 and 62 years (mean 32.3 years) met the inclusion criteria of the study. For the comparison of proportions, a chi-square test was used with continuity correction whenever appropriate. Results In the entire group, 81% of the subjects were smokers, 12% – ex-smokers, and 7% – never smokers. Current smokers had significantly lower education level than non-smokers (p < 0.0001) and ever-smokers more frequently abused other psychoactive substances than never smokers (p < 0.0001). Stress was reported as an important factor in prompting smoking (77%). Forty-nine percent of daily smokers were aware of the adverse health consequences of smoking. The majority of smokers (75%) had attempted to quit smoking in the past. Forty percent of smoking prisoners considered an award for abstaining from cigarettes as the best means to limit the prevalence of smoking in prisons. Conclusion The prevalence of cigarette smoking among Polish prisoners is high. However, a majority of smokers attempt to quit, and they should be encouraged and supported. Efforts to reduce cigarette smoking in prisons need to take into consideration the specific factors influencing smoking habits in prisons.

Sieminska, Alicja; Jassem, Ewa; Konopa, Krzysztof

2006-01-01

59

Performance of two questionnaires to measure treatment adherence in patients with Type-2 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Most valid methods to measure treatment adherence require time and resources, and they are not easily applied in highly demanding Primary Health Care Clinics (PHCC). The objective of this study was to determine sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and post-test probabilities of two novel questionnaires as proxy measurements of treatment adherence in Type-2 diabetic patients. Methods Two questionnaires were developed by a group of experts to identify the patient's medical prescription knowledge (knowledge) and their attitudes toward treatment adherence (attitudes) as proxy measurements of adherence. The questionnaires were completed by patients receiving care in PHCC pertaining to the Mexican Institute of Social Security in Aguascalientes (Mexico). Pill count was used as gold standard. Participants were selected randomly, and their oral hypoglycemic prescriptions were studied. The main outcome measures for each questionnaire were sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and post-test probabilities, all as an independent questionnaire test and in a serial analysis. Results Adherence prevalence was 27.0% using pill count. Knowledge questionnaire showed the highest sensitivity (68.1%) and negative predictive value (82.2%), the lowest negative likelihood ratio (0.58) and post-test probability for a negative result (0.16). Serial analysis showed the highest specificity (77.4%) and positive predictive value (40.1%) as well as the highest positive likelihood ratio (1.8) and post-test probability for a positive result (0.39). Conclusion Medical Prescription Knowledge questionnaire showed the best performance as proxy measurement to identify non-adherence in type 2 diabetic patients regarding negative predictive value, negative likelihood ratio, and post-test probability for a negative result. However, Medical Prescription Knowledge questionnaire performance may change in contexts with higher adherence prevalence. Therefore, more research is needed before using this method in other contexts.

Prado-Aguilar, Carlos A; Martinez, Yolanda V; Segovia-Bernal, Yolanda; Reyes-Martinez, Rosendo; Arias-Ulloa, Raul

2009-01-01

60

The 2-MEV Scale in the United States: A Measure of Children's Environmental Attitudes Based on the Theory of Ecological Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Environmental (2-MEV) Scale questionnaire was developed in Europe to measure adolescents' attitudes and gauge the effectiveness of educational programs. It also formed the basis for the Theory of Ecological Attitudes. In the present four-year study, the 2-MEV Scale was modified for use with 9-12-year-old children in the United States. Initial…

Johnson, Bruce; Manoli, Constantinos C.

2011-01-01

61

Patient Attitudes Toward Mobile Phone-Based Health Monitoring: Questionnaire Study Among Kidney Transplant Recipients  

PubMed Central

Background Mobile phone based remote monitoring of medication adherence and physiological parameters has the potential of improving long-term graft outcomes in the recipients of kidney transplants. This technology is promising as it is relatively inexpensive, can include intuitive software and may offer the ability to conduct close patient monitoring in a non-intrusive manner. This includes the optimal management of comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes. There is, however, a lack of data assessing the attitudes of renal transplant recipients toward this technology, especially among ethnic minorities. Objective To assess the attitudes of renal transplant recipients toward mobile phone based remote monitoring and management of their medical regimen; and to identify demographic or clinical characteristics that impact on this attitude. Methods After a 10 minute demonstration of a prototype mobile phone based monitoring system, a 10 item questionnaire regarding attitude toward remote monitoring and the technology was administered to the participants, along with the 10 item Perceived Stress Scale and the 7 item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Results Between February and April 2012, a total of 99 renal transplant recipients were identified and agreed to participate in the survey. The results of the survey indicate that while 90% (87/97) of respondents own a mobile phone, only 7% (7/98) had any prior knowledge of mobile phone based remote monitoring. Despite this, the majority of respondents, 79% (78/99), reported a positive attitude toward the use of a prototype system if it came at no cost to themselves. Blacks were more likely than whites to own smartphones (43.1%, 28/65 vs 20.6%, 7/34; P=.03) and held a more positive attitude toward free use of the prototype system than whites (4.25±0.88 vs 3.76±1.07; P=.02). Conclusions The data demonstrates that kidney transplant recipients have a positive overall attitude toward mobile phone based health technology (mHealth). Additionally, the data demonstrates that most kidney transplant recipients own and are comfortable using mobile phones and that many of these patients already own and use smart mobile phones. The respondents felt that mHealth offers an opportunity for improved self-efficacy and improved provider driven medical management. Respondents were comfortable with the idea of being monitored using mobile technology and are confident that their privacy can be protected. The small subset of kidney transplant recipients who are less interested in mHealth may be less technologically adept as reflected by their lower mobile phone ownership rates. As a whole, kidney transplant recipients are receptive to the technology and believe in its utility.

Weiland, Ana Katherine; Frenzel, Ronja Maximiliane; Mueller, Martina; Brunner-Jackson, Brenda Marie; Taber, David James; Baliga, Prabhakar Kalyanpur; Treiber, Frank Anton

2013-01-01

62

Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Italian version of the depression attitude questionnaire (DAQ).  

PubMed

Aims. To validate the Italian version of the 'depression attitude questionnaire' (DAQ), to assess its psychometric properties and to evaluate the primary care physicians' (PCPs) opinion and attitude towards depression. Methods. An Italian version of the DAQ was created and then administered to a representative sample of PCPs working in the Emilia-Romagna region. Results. The findings derived from the Italian version of the DAQ indicated a three-factor solution (professional confidence, negative viewpoint and biological stance), broadly similar to previous studies and with acceptable fit indices. Our results showed that the PCPs consider depression as an increasingly important issue for their daily clinical practice. A large majority of them believed in the effectiveness of antidepressants and considered psychopharmacological treatment as appropriate for the PCPs to undertake. However, most PCP respondents thought that psychotherapy should be left to the specialists. Our findings suggest a prevalent orientation to the biochemical aspects of depression and the use of antidepressant treatment. Conclusions. The PCPs' attitude and opinion towards depression is an important aspect of their understanding and response to this common and disabling condition. The Italian version of the DAQ appears to be an appropriate and useful instrument to assist the understanding of the PCPs' views and potential need for further professional development. PMID:22793494

Sighinolfi, C; Norcini Pala, A; Casini, F; Haddad, M; Berardi, D; Menchetti, M

2012-05-08

63

Construct and Concurrent Validity of a Prototype Questionnaire to Survey Public Attitudes toward Stuttering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Construct validity and concurrent validity were investigated in a prototype survey instrument, the "Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Experimental Edition" (POSHA-E). The POSHA-E was designed to measure public attitudes toward stuttering within the context of eight other attributes, or "anchors," assumed to range from negative…

St. Louis, Kenneth O.; Reichel, Isabella K.; Yaruss, J. Scott; Lubker, Bobbie Boyd

2009-01-01

64

The attitudes of surgeons concerning preoperative smoking cessation: a questionnaire study*.  

PubMed

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitudes and behavior of surgeons regarding preoperative smoking cessation. Methods: A total of 109 anonymous questionnaires were distributed to non-vascular surgeons in our hospital, inquiring about their smoking attitudes, their smoking cessation advice practices, whether they appreciated the benefits of preoperative smoking cessation, and their knowledge of smoking cessation methods. Results: Eighty questionnaires (from 51 resident doctors and 29 academic staff) were returned (response rate: 73.40%). Of the surgeons, 17.50% were current smokers. Although 40% of the surgeons surveyed believed that preoperative smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications, 31.2% of the surgeons (25/63) had given smoking cessation advice at least to 1 patient in the last month. Most of the resident doctors (39.2%) advised smoking cessation within a month; prior to surgery however, the academic staff (27.6%) advised cessation immediately before the operation (p=0.038). There was a significant difference between academic sfaff and resident doctors concerning the method to increase a patient's chance of quitting (p=0.045), even among current smokers (p=0.049). Conclusion: The surgeons who participated in the questionnaire were aware that smoking cessation improves outcome, but most of them did not appreciate that providing brief advice, referring to cessation services, or prescribing nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) may be of benefit in helping patients to quit. It is necessary to educate surgeons about the scale of the benefit and the efficacy of smoking cessation interventions or to set up systematic frameworks to offer smoking cessation advice to preoperative patients who smoke. PMID:23935267

Oztürk, O; Y?lmazer, I; Akkaya, A

2012-04-01

65

Measuring attitude toward social health insurance.  

PubMed

In order to understand the health care system a country chooses to adopt or the health care reform a country decides to undertake, one must first be able to measure a country's attitude toward social health insurance. Our primary goal was to develop a construct that allows us to measure this "attitude toward social health insurance". Using a sample of 724 students from the People's Republic of China, Germany, and the United States and an initial set of sixteen items, we extract a scale that measures the basic attitude toward social health insurance in the three countries. The scale is internally consistent in each of the three countries. A secondary factor labeled "government responsibility" is marginally consistent for the total sample and for the German sample. German respondents have the most favorable attitude toward social health insurance, followed by China, and then the United States. Chinese respondents have the most favorable attitude toward government responsibility in health insurance. The scale developed here can be used to further investigate and understand which health care system will succeed and which will fail in a given country, which is important from both a political and an economic perspective. PMID:21630082

Loh, Chung-Ping A; Nihalani, Katrin; Schnusenberg, Oliver

2011-06-01

66

Measuring Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Foreign-Accented Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research was to investigate the nature of listeners' attitudes toward foreign-accented speech and the manner in which those attitudes are formed. This study measured 165 participants' implicit and explicit attitudes toward US- and foreign-accented audio stimuli. Implicit attitudes were measured with an audio Implicit…

Pantos, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

67

Measuring Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Foreign-Accented Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate the nature of listeners' attitudes toward foreign-accented speech and the manner in which those attitudes are formed. This study measured 165 participants' implicit and explicit attitudes toward US- and foreign-accented audio stimuli. Implicit attitudes were measured with an audio Implicit…

Pantos, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

68

Factor structure of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) among adolescent boys in China.  

PubMed

There is considerable evidence that mass media portrayals of body image contribute to body dissatisfaction, yet the assessment of perceived media influences has been examined fleetingly in highly populated, non-Western cultures, particularly among young males. This research examined the factor structure of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) among adolescent boys in China. In an initial exploratory factor analysis (N=719), a four factor solution emerged with components reflecting General Pressure-Internalization, Sources of Appearance Information, Pressure-Internalization of an Athletic Ideal, and Pressure to be Thin. Subsequently, confirmatory factor analyses in a new sample (n=749) assessed fits of the derived four factor model, a three factor variant, and alternatives reflecting "Western" and "Malay" SATAQ-3 solutions. The derived four factor solution had the most acceptable structure across several fit indices. Patterns of correlation with other self-report measures also provided preliminary support for the validity of the derived solution. PMID:20800561

Jackson, Todd; Chen, Hong

2010-08-30

69

Health care practitioners’ attitudes and beliefs about low back pain: A systematic search and critical review of available measurement tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attitudes and beliefs that health care practitioners (HCPs) hold about back pain have been shown to affect the advice they provide to patients seeking healthcare. In order to develop a questionnaire for a national survey of attitudes, beliefs and practice behaviour of HCPs about back pain, a systematic review of available measurement tools was undertaken. Measurement tools were identified

Annette Bishop; Elaine Thomas; Nadine E. Foster

2007-01-01

70

Construct and concurrent validity of a prototype questionnaire to survey public attitudes toward stuttering  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeConstruct validity and concurrent validity were investigated in a prototype survey instrument, the Public Opinion Survey of Human Attributes-Experimental Edition (POSHA-E). The POSHA-E was designed to measure public attitudes toward stuttering within the context of eight other attributes, or “anchors,” assumed to range from negative (e.g., “mental illness”), to neutral (e.g., “left handed”), to positive (e.g., “intelligent”).

Kenneth O. St. Louis; Isabella K. Reichel; J. Scott Yaruss; Bobbie Boyd Lubker

2009-01-01

71

The validity of questionnaire measures for assessing depression after stroke  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Depression has been reported to occur frequently after stroke. The aim of the study was to assess the validity of questionnaire measures for screening for depression after stroke.Design: Cross-sectional correlational study between questionnaire measures of mood and psychiatric interview.Setting: Hospital and community.Participants: Stroke patients were recruited from hospital wards and from a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy.Main

N. B. Lincoln; C. R. Nicholl; T. Flannaghan; M. Leonard; E Van der Gucht

2003-01-01

72

Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR), i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. METHODS: We administered the questionnaire to 440

M Kröz; G Feder; HB von Laue; R Zerm; M Reif; M Girke; H Matthes; C Gutenbrunner; C Heckmann

2008-01-01

73

Using Rasch Measurement To Investigate the Cross-form Equivalence and Clinical Utility of Spanish and English Versions of a Diabetes Questionnaire: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used Rasch measurement to study the psychometric properties of data obtained from a newly developed Diabetes Questionnaire designed to measure diabetes knowledge, attitudes, and self-care. Responses of 26 diabetes patients to the English version of the questionnaire and 24 patients to the Spanish version support the cross-form equivalence and…

Gerber, Ben; Smith, Everett V., Jr.; Girotti, Mariela; Pelaez, Lourdes; Lawless, Kimberly; Smolin, Louanne; Brodsky, Irwin; Eiser, Arnold

2002-01-01

74

Development of a questionnaire to measure achievement orientations in physical education.  

PubMed

Drawing from the work of Ames (1992) on classroom motivational climate, a questionnaire was developed to measure students' perceptions of achievement orientations in physical education. Exploratory factor analytic results revealed a five-factor solution with good internal consistency. Results from confirmatory factor analyses suggested that the two factors were first-order factors of a second higher-order factor, Learning, and the remaining three factors were subfactors of a second higher-order factor, Performance. Further evidence of construct validity was shown in that students' intrinsic motivation and positive attitudes toward the lesson were positively related to the learning-oriented scales and unrelated to performance-oriented scales. Finally, the questionnaire discriminated classes differing in motivational climate. The results are discussed in terms of the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. PMID:8184207

Papaioannou, A

1994-03-01

75

Development, content validity, and piloting of an instrument designed to measure managers' attitude toward workplace breastfeeding support.  

PubMed

Manager attitude is influential in female employees' perceptions of workplace breastfeeding support. Currently, no instrument is available to assess manager attitude toward supporting women who wish to combine breastfeeding with work. We developed and piloted an instrument to measure manager attitudes toward workplace breastfeeding support entitled the "Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire," an instrument that measures four constructs using 60 items that are rated agree/disagree on a 4-point Likert rating scale. We established the content validity of the Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire measures through expert content review (n=22), expert assessment of item fit (n=11), and cognitive interviews (n=8). Data were collected from a purposive sample of 185 front-line managers who had experience supervising female employees, and responses were scaled using the Multidimensional Random Coefficients Multinomial Logit Model. Dimensionality analyses supported the proposed four-construct model. Reliability ranged from 0.75 to 0.86, and correlations between the constructs were moderately strong (0.47 to 0.71). Four items in two constructs exhibited model-to-data misfit and/or a low score-measure correlation. One item was revised and the other three items were retained in the Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire. Findings of this study suggest that the Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire measures are reliable and valid indicators of manager attitude toward workplace breastfeeding support, and future research should be conducted to establish external validity. The Managers' Attitude Toward Breastfeeding Support Questionnaire could be used to collect data in a standardized manner within and across companies to measure and compare manager attitudes toward supporting breastfeeding. Organizations can subsequently develop targeted strategies to improve support for breastfeeding employees through efforts influencing managerial attitude. PMID:22542265

Chow, Tan; Wolfe, Edward W; Olson, Beth H

2012-04-27

76

The Child Play Behavior and Activity Questionnaire: A Parent-Report Measure of Childhood Gender-Related Behavior in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boys and girls establish relatively stable gender stereotyped behavior patterns by middle childhood. Parent-report questionnaires\\u000a measuring children’s gender-related behavior enable researchers to conduct large-scale screenings of community samples of\\u000a children. For school-aged children, two parent-report instruments, the Child Game Participation Questionnaire (CGPQ) and the\\u000a Child Behavior and Attitude Questionnaire (CBAQ), have long been used for measuring children’s sex-dimorphic behaviors in

Lu Yu; Sam Winter; Dong Xie

2010-01-01

77

Exploring the Equivalence of the Aviation Gender Attitude Questionnaire for South African and Australian Pilots: A Cross-Cultural Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to establish the differential item functioning and construct equivalence of the Aviation Gender Attitude Questionnaire (AGAQ) to determine the generalizability of the instrument across 2 national cultures (South African and Australian). Data were collected from 544 South African and 1,064 Australian aircraft pilots and analyzed by means of various analytical procedures. To establish the

Leopold P. Vermeulen; Pieter Schaap; Jim I. Mitchell; Alexandra Kristovics

2009-01-01

78

Placebo interventions in practice: a questionnaire survey on the attitudes of patients and physicians  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies have investigated whether patients and physicians differ in their attitudes regarding placebo interventions in medical practice. Aim To compare the proportions of patients and physicians who would accept therapies that do not work through specific pharmacological or physiological action but by enhancing self-healing capacities and by exploiting contextual factors. Design of study Survey of a random sample of GPs and patients consecutively attending in primary care practices. Setting Four hundred and seventy-seven patients and 300 GPs from primary care practices of the Canton Zurich of Switzerland were approached. Method Two questionnaires on responders' attitudes regarding non-specific therapies. Results The response rates were 87% for patients and 79% for GPs. Eighty-seven per cent of patients and 97% of GPs thought that physical complaints can get better by believing in the effectiveness of the therapy. Overall there was more support for placebo interventions among patients than among GPs, yet 90% of the physicians admitted to actively proposing treatments intended to take advantage of non-specific effects. Seventy per cent of the patients wanted to be explicitly informed when receiving a non-specific intervention, whereas physicians thought this was the case for only 33% of their patients. Fifty-four per cent of patients would be disappointed when learning they had unknowingly been treated with pure placebo (‘sugar pill’), while only 44% would feel that way after treatment with impure placebo (for example, herbal medicine). Conclusion GPs rather underestimate the openness of their patients to non-specific therapies. However, patients want to be appropriately informed. Developing specific professional standards could help physicians to harness the ‘power of the placebo’, while remaining authentic and credible.

Fassler, Margrit; Gnadinger, Markus; Rosemann, Thomas; Biller-Andorno, Nikola

2011-01-01

79

The development of a questionnaire to measure students' motivation towards science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop a questionnaire that measures students' motivation toward science learning (SMTSL). Six scales were developed: self-efficacy, active learning strategies, science learning value, performance goal, achievement goal, and learning environment stimulation. In total, 1407 junior high school students from central Taiwan, varying in grades, sex, and achievements, were selected by stratified random sampling to respond to the questionnaire. The Cronbach alpha for the entire questionnaire was 0.89; for each scale, alpha ranged from 0.70 to 0.89. There were significant correlations (p?<?0.01) of the SMTSL questionnaire with students' science attitudes (r?=?0.41), and with the science achievement test in previous and current semesters (rp?=?0.40 and rc?=?0.41). High motivators and low motivators showed a significant difference (p?<?0.01) on their SMTSL scores. Findings of the study confirmed the validity and reliability of the SMTSL questionnaire. Implications for using the SMTSL questionnaire in research and in class are discussed in the paper.

Tuan, Hsiao-Lin; Chin, Chi-Chin; Shieh, Shyang-Horng

2005-06-01

80

Measurement Invariance of Expectancy-Value Questionnaire in Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Expectancy-Value Questionnaire (EVQ) measures student expectancy beliefs and task values of the domain content (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995). In this study the authors examine measurement invariance of EVQ in the domain of physical education between elementary and middle-school students. Participants included 811 students (3rd-5th grades) from 13…

Zhu, Xihe; Sun, Haichun; Chen, Ang; Ennis, Catherine

2012-01-01

81

A Questionnaire Measure of Individual Differences in Dominance-Submissiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability and validity data are reported for a questionnaire measure of individual differences in dominance-submissiveness. The measure was based on an initial set of 457 items which was subsequently augmented by an additional 62 rewritten and new items. The initial pool of items, which was carefully constructed to assure broad generality, contained 64 content groups representing various aspects of dominance-submissiveness.

Albert Mehrabian; Melissa Hines

1978-01-01

82

Validating MOSPA questionnaire for measuring physical activity in Pakistani women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Precise measurements of activity at a population level are important for monitoring trends and evaluating health promotion strategies. Few studies have assessed the measurement of physical activity in developing countries. The aim of this study was to validate the MOSPA (Monica Optional Study of Physical Activity) questionnaire which was developed for the WHO-Monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovasculr disease

Romaina Iqbal; Ghazala Rafique; Salma Badruddin; Rahat Qureshi; Katherine Gray-Donald

2006-01-01

83

Measuring Presenteeism: Which Questionnaire to use in Physical Activity Research?  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: An emerging area of interest in workplace health is presenteeism; the measurable extent to which physical or psycho-social symptoms, conditions and disease adversely affect the work productivity of those who choose to remain at work. Given established links between presenteeism and health, and health and physical activity, presenteeism could be an important outcome in workplace physical activity research. This study provides a narrative review of questionnaires for use in such research. METHODS: Eight self-report measures of presenteeism were identified. Information regarding development, constructs measured and psychometric properties was extracted from relevant articles. RESULTS: Questionnaires were largely self-administered, had 4 to 44 items and recall periods ranging from one week to one year. Items were identified as assessing work performance, physical tolerance, psychological well-being and social or role functioning. Samples used to test questionnaires were predominantly American male employees, with an age range of 30-59 years. All instruments had undergone psychometric assessment, most commonly discriminant and construct validity. CONCLUSION: Based on instrument characteristics, the range of conceptual foci covered and acceptable measurement properties, the Health and Work Questionnaire, Work Ability Index and Work Limitations Questionnaire are suggested as most suitable for further exploring the relationship between physical activity and presenteeism. PMID:23364284

Brown, Helen Elizabeth; Burton, Nicola; Gilson, Nicholas David; Brown, Wendy

2013-01-30

84

Validation of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Hispanic women in the United States. Unfortunately Hispanic women exhibit poor mammography screening participation, are diagnosed at later stages of the disease, and have lower survival rates than non-Hispanic white women. Several cultural and psycho-social factors have been found to influence mammography screening participation among Hispanic women. We will begin by presenting the theoretical framework that grounded this research program to develop an instrument to assess factors contributing to poor mammography participation among Hispanic women. We will also summarize the early stages in the development of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire (MBAQ and SMBAQ) for use with low-health-literacy Mexican-American women. Next we will describe the initial psychometric testing of the MBAQ/SMBAQ, after which we will present the psychometric testing of the SMBAQ with low-health-literacy women. This will be followed by a discussion of the modification of the MBAQ and SMBAQ subscales. We’ll conclude with a discussion of the instruments and share our assessment regarding the limitations of this research program, where the program stands to date, and the implications for practice and future research.

Lopez-McKee, Gloria; Bader, Julia

2011-01-01

85

Validation of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among Hispanic women in the United States. Unfortunately Hispanic women exhibit poor mammography screening participation, are diagnosed at later stages of the disease, and have lower survival rates than non-Hispanic white women. Several cultural and psycho-social factors have been found to influence mammography screening participation among Hispanic women. We will begin by presenting the theoretical framework that grounded this research program to develop an instrument to assess factors contributing to poor mammography participation among Hispanic women. We will also summarize the early stages in the development of the English and Spanish Mammography Beliefs and Attitudes Questionnaire (MBAQ and SMBAQ) for use with low-health-literacy Mexican-American women. Next we will describe the initial psychometric testing of the MBAQ/SMBAQ, after which we will present the psychometric testing of the SMBAQ with low-health-literacy women. This will be followed by a discussion of the modification of the MBAQ and SMBAQ subscales. We'll conclude with a discussion of the instruments and share our assessment regarding the limitations of this research program, where the program stands to date, and the implications for practice and future research. PMID:22088158

Lopez-McKee, Gloria; Bader, Julia

2011-03-21

86

The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire: psychometric properties and relationship to dimensions of eating.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ). We analyzed the factor structure of the ACQ by conducting exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in a sample of healthy adults and a sample of dietician students. Further, the relationship between the resulting ACQ factors and dimensions of eating behavior, personality, emotionality, and tests of the pleasantness, sweetness, and intensity of sugar and chocolate was examined. The results yielded a clear two-factor structure of the ACQ: The first factor (guilt) was composed of items concerning negative consequences of chocolate eating including the feeling of guilt. The second factor (craving) comprised items related to craving and emotional chocolate eating. Guilt correlated significantly with "emotional eating", "restrained eating", and with neuroticism. Craving correlated significantly with "emotional eating" and "external eating", with neuroticism, and with the "difficulty identifying feelings" facet of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale; further, it correlated highly with the average reported chocolate consumption and with the ratings of the intensity of taste of sugar. In conclusion, results support the validity of the German version of the ACQ and showed a stable factor structure and a good internal consistency. PMID:18068267

Müller, Jochen; Dettmer, Dorothee; Macht, Michael

2007-10-30

87

[The ZZP Questionnaire. Reliability of a new resource utilization measure].  

PubMed

Data to determine the resource utilization of care recipients need to be reliable and the items that are measured need to be useful. In 2006, the Dutch Ministry of Health and Welfare has mandated all nursing homes and homes for the elderly to measure the Resource Utilization of all residents with the ZZP Questionnaire. Are the data resulting from this measurement reliable and is each of the 54 items of the ZZP Questionnaire useful? To answer this we tested the reliability of the data in a nursing home and a home for the elderly in two wards each. For 122 residents questionnaires were completed such that the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the answers could be assessed. Ten of the 54 items in the questionnaire showed insufficient inter rater reliability (<0.40) on the weighted Cohen kappa and another sixteen moderate (0.40 - 0.60). On the intra rater reliability test seven items had an insufficient kappa and another fifteen moderate. Besides, ten clusters of items could be formed with in-cluster Spearman correlation rates of .75 or higher. From the results of the reliability tests and the item intercorrelation rates we concluded that a substantial number of items needs to be improved and that in the ZZP Questionnaire 15 of the 54 items appear to be redundant on statistical grounds. PMID:17879821

Frijters, D H M; Achterberg, W P

2007-08-01

88

Evaluating a questionnaire to measure improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare  

PubMed Central

Background Quality improvement initiatives have expanded recently within the healthcare sector. Studies have shown that less than 40% of these initiatives are successful, indicating the need for an instrument that can measure the progress and results of quality improvement initiatives and answer questions about how quality initiatives are conducted. The aim of the present study was to develop and test an instrument to measure improvement process and outcome in Swedish healthcare. Methods A questionnaire, founded on the Minnesota Innovation Survey (MIS), was developed in several steps. Items were merged and answer alternatives were revised. Employees participating in a county council improvement program received the web-based questionnaire. Data was analysed by descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The questionnaire psychometric properties were investigated and an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Results The Swedish Improvement Measurement Questionnaire consists of 27 items. The Improvement Effectiveness Outcome dimension consists of three items and has a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.67. The Internal Improvement Processes dimension consists of eight sub-dimensions with a total of 24 items. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the complete dimension was 0.72. Three significant item correlations were found. A large involvement in the improvement initiative was shown and the majority of the respondents were satisfied with their work. Conclusions The psychometric property tests suggest initial support for the questionnaire to study and evaluate quality improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare settings. The overall satisfaction with the quality improvement initiative correlates positively to the awareness of individual responsibilities.

2013-01-01

89

Measuring the Relationship between Scores on Two Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterising the relationship between participants' scores on two different questionnaires is a common problem in educational research. The complement of the statistic known as Wilks' lambda measures the amount of variance shared between the scores obtained by the same group of participants on two sets of variables. (1 - lambda) is symmetric, in…

Richardson, John T. E.

2007-01-01

90

Distributed attitude synchronization for multiple rigid bodies without velocity measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assuming the desired time-varying reference trajectory is available to all the rigid bodies, we consider distributed attitude synchronization for multiple rigid bodies only with attitude measurement. Based on two lead filters which remove the requirement of angular velocity, we propose control law composed of two parts to reduce tracking error and to achieve attitude synchronization, respectively. First, we show the

Shanjie Chen; Haibo Ji; Sheng Bi

2009-01-01

91

Measuring the Hedonic and Utilitarian Sources of Consumer Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested theoretically that consumer attitudes have distinct hedonic and utilitarian components, and that product categories differ in the extent to which their overall attitudes are derived from these two components. This paper reports three studies that validate measurement scales for these constructs and, using them, show that these two attitude dimensions do seem to exist; are based

RAJEEV BATRA; OLLI T. AHTOLA

1990-01-01

92

Measuring the hedonic and utilitarian sources of consumer attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been suggested theoretically that consumer attitudes have distinct hedonic and utilitarian components, and that product categories differ in the extent to which their overall attitudes are derived from these two components. This paper reports three studies that validate measurement scales for these constructs and, using them, show that these two attitude dimensions do seem to exist; are based

Rajeev Batra; Olli T. Ahtola

1991-01-01

93

Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function  

PubMed Central

Background To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR), i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. Methods We administered the questionnaire to 440 participants (?: N = 316, ?: N = 124): 95 patients with breast cancer, 49 with colorectal cancer, 60 with diabetes mellitus, 39 with coronary heart disease, 28 with rheumatological conditions, 32 with Hashimoto's disease, 22 with multiple morbidities and 115 healthy people. We administered the questionnaire a second time to 50.2% of the participants. External convergence criteria included the German version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), a short questionnaire on morningness-eveningness, the Herdecke Quality of Life Questionnaire (HLQ) and a short version questionnaire on self-regulation. Results A principal component analysis yielded a three dimensional 18-item inventory of aR. The subscales orthostatic-circulatory, rest/activity and digestive regulation had internal consistency (Cronbach-?: r? = 0.65 – 0.75) and test-retest reliability (rrt = 0.70 – 85). AR was negatively associated with anxiety, depression, and dysmenorrhoea but positively correlated to HLQ, self-regulation and in part to morningness (except digestive aR) (0.49 – 0.13, all p < 0.05). Conclusion An internal validation of the long-version scale of aR yielded consistent relationships with health versus illness, quality of life and personality. Further studies are required to clarify the issues of external validity, clinical and physiological relevance.

Kroz, M; Feder, G; von Laue, HB; Zerm, R; Reif, M; Girke, M; Matthes, H; Gutenbrunner, C; Heckmann, C

2008-01-01

94

Women's attitudes to screening after participation in the National Breast Screening Study. A questionnaire survey.  

PubMed

A self-administered questionnaire study exploring women's attitudes to breast screening after participation in the Canadian National Breast Screening Study (NBSS) achieved an 82% response rate. Of active respondents (AR) attending two to five screening examinations, 1582 had received annual mammography (MA) and physical examination (PE) of the breasts and 548 received annual PE alone. Of 139 dropouts after the first screening, 105 received MA and PE and 34 received PE alone. Dropout respondents (DR) were significantly less likely than AR to report receiving very prompt (46% versus 66%), very courteous (73% versus 92%), or very competent examinations (74% versus 95%). Although 35% of those allocated to PE expressed disappointment with PE allocation compared with 9% of those allocated to MA, fewer of those allocated PE were prepared to accept MA in the future than those allocated MA (59% versus 73%). Of those who had MA, 36% reported moderate and 9% extreme discomfort from mammography. Almost half of each subgroup--MA allocations, PE allocations, and DR--preferred mammography every 2 to 3 years and 30% preferred mammography restricted to diagnostic purposes. Only 5% of AR reported anxiety after screening. National Breast Screening Study participation was a positive experience for 93%. An intention to do breast self-examination (BSE) was reported by 89% of AR and 79% of DR. Forgetfulness was a major impediment to BSE. Disincentives for screening were excessive distance to center, painful mammography, fear of radiation, lack of time, and preference for own physician. Convenient location, punctual appointments, and courteous and supportive staff should enhance screening compliance. PMID:2311075

Baines, C J; To, T; Wall, C

1990-04-01

95

Measurement Invariance of Expectancy-Value Questionnaire in Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expectancy-Value Questionnaire (EVQ) measures student expectancy beliefs and task values of the domain content (Eccles & Wigfield, 1995).In this study the authors examine measurement invariance of EVQ in the domain of physical education between elementary and middle-school students. Participants included 811 students (3rd–5th grades) from 13 elementary and 903 (6th–8th grades) from 13 middle schools. Students completed the EVQ in

Xihe Zhu; Haichun Sun; Ang Chen; Catherine Ennis

2012-01-01

96

Examination of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire3 in a Mixed-Gender Young-Adolescent Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thin-ideal (or media) internalization is an important eating disorder risk factor that has become a central target of many prevention programs. However, evidence for its valid assessment in young, mixed-gender, adolescent samples is limited, and the current study is the first to explore the psychometric properties of the 30-item Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3; J. Thompson, P. van den

Simon M. Wilksch; Tracey D. Wade

2012-01-01

97

Participation in and attitude towards the national immunization program in the Netherlands: data from population-based questionnaires  

PubMed Central

Background Knowledge about the determinants of participation and attitude towards the National Immunisation Program (NIP) may be helpful in tailoring information campaigns for this program. Our aim was to determine which factors were associated with nonparticipation in the NIP and which ones were associated with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. Further, we analyzed possible changes in opinion on vaccination over a 10 year period. Methods We used questionnaire data from two independent, population-based, cross-sectional surveys performed in 1995-96 and 2006-07. For the 2006-07 survey, logistic regression modelling was used to evaluate what factors were associated with nonparticipation and with parents' intention to accept remaining vaccinations. We used multivariate multinomial logistic regression modelling to compare the results between the two surveys. Results Ninety-five percent of parents reported that they or their child (had) participated in the NIP. Similarly, 95% reported they intended to accept remaining vaccinations. Ethnicity, religion, income, educational level and anthroposophic beliefs were important determinants of nonparticipation in the NIP. Parental concerns that played a role in whether or not they would accept remaining vaccinations included safety of vaccinations, maximum number of injections, whether vaccinations protect the health of one's child and whether vaccinating healthy children is necessary. Although about 90% reported their opinion towards vaccination had not changed, a larger proportion of participants reported to be less inclined to accept vaccination in 2006-07 than in 1995-96. Conclusion Most participants had a positive attitude towards vaccination, although some had doubts. Groups with a lower income or educational level or of non-Western descent participated less in the NIP than those with a high income or educational level or indigenous Dutch and have been less well identified previously. Particular attention ought to be given to these groups as they contribute in large measure to the rate of nonparticipation in the NIP, i.e., to a greater extent than well-known vaccine refusers such as specific religious groups and anthroposophics. Our finding that the proportion of the population inclined to accept vaccinations is smaller than it was 10 years ago highlights the need to increase knowledge about attitudes and beliefs regarding the NIP.

2012-01-01

98

Development of the near-death phenomena knowledge and attitudes questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the first study of nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward near-death phenomena and patients who have experienced them (NDErs), 20 registered nurses in Intensive or Cardiac Care Units completed a questionaire containing 29 true\\/false\\/undecided statements about near-death phenomena (alpha reliability .83), 29 Likert items concerning attitudes toward such phenomena (alpha .84), and 25 Likert items concerning attitudes toward care

Nina R. Thornburg

1988-01-01

99

Questionnaires vs observational and direct measurements: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Physical work requirements can be estimated by several different methods, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. To reduce the occurrence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, a quantitative assessment of work-related, physical risk factors is needed.Objective: To examine the validity of self-administered questionnaires (SAQ) in assessing work-related physical demands when compared to an expert's evaluation using observational and\\/or direct measurement.Methods:

Heriberto Barriera-Viruet; Tarek M. Sobeih; Nancy Daraiseh; Sam Salem

2006-01-01

100

A questionnaire for measuring the Big Five in late childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study is presented which aims at measuring the Big Five factors in late childhood through self-report as well as parent and teacher ratings. First, several factor analyses examined self-report and teacher and parent ratings on a 65-item questionnaire developed for assessing the Big Five. Five clear factors emerged from these analyses conducted on self-report and other ratings of elementary

Claudio Barbaranelli; Gian Vittorio Caprara; Annarita Rabasca; Concetta Pastorelli

2003-01-01

101

Reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance and food behaviours, attitudes, knowledge and environments associated with healthy eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Food behaviours, attitudes, environments and knowledge are relevant to professionals in childhood obesity prevention, as are dietary patterns which promote positive energy balance. There is a lack of valid and reliable tools to measure these parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire assessing all of these parameters,

Annabelle M Wilson; Anthea M Magarey; Nadia Mastersson

2008-01-01

102

Measures for Assessing Student Attitudes toward Older People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Measuring medical and allied health students' attitudes towards older people has been identified as an important research area. The present study compared the use of implicit and explicit attitude measures. Sixty-five undergraduates completed one explicit measure, the Fraboni Scale of Ageism (FSA), (Fraboni, Saltstone, & Hughes, 1990) and one…

Lin, Xiaoping; Bryant, Christina; Boldero, Jennifer

2011-01-01

103

Impression Management, Social Desirability, and Computer Administration of Attitude Questionnaires: Does the Computer Make a Difference. (Reannouncement with New Availability Information).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lautenschlager and Flaherty (1990) unexpectedly found that more socially desirable responding occurred on a computer version of an attitude and personality questionnaire than on a paper-and-pencil version. The present study attempted to replicate and exte...

S. Booth-Kewley J. E. Edwards P. Rosenfeld

1992-01-01

104

Attitudes without objects: evidence for a dispositional attitude, its measurement, and its consequences.  

PubMed

We hypothesized that individuals may differ in the dispositional tendency to have positive vs. negative attitudes, a trait termed the dispositional attitude. Across 4 studies, we developed a 16-item Dispositional Attitude Measure (DAM) and investigated its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, factor structure, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and predictive validity. DAM scores were (a) positively correlated with positive affect traits, curiosity-related traits, and individual preexisting attitudes; (b) negatively correlated with negative affect traits; and (c) uncorrelated with theoretically unrelated traits. Dispositional attitudes also significantly predicted the valence of novel attitudes while controlling for theoretically relevant traits (such as the Big 5 and optimism). The dispositional attitude construct represents a new perspective in which attitudes are not simply a function of the properties of the stimuli under consideration, but are also a function of the properties of the evaluator. We discuss the intriguing implications of dispositional attitudes for many areas of research, including attitude formation, persuasion, and behavior prediction. PMID:23586409

Hepler, Justin; Albarracín, Dolores

2013-04-15

105

Attitudes without Objects: Evidence for a Dispositional Attitude, its Measurement, and its Consequences  

PubMed Central

We hypothesized that individuals may differ in the dispositional tendency to have positive versus negative attitudes, a trait termed the Dispositional Attitude. Across four studies, we developed a 16-item Dispositional Attitude Measure (DAM) and investigated its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, factor structure, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and predictive validity. DAM scores were (a) positively correlated with positive affect traits, curiosity-related traits, and individual pre-existing attitudes, (b) negatively correlated with negative affect traits, and (c) uncorrelated with theoretically unrelated traits. Dispositional attitudes also significantly predicted the valence of novel attitudes while controlling for theoretically relevant traits (such as the big-five and optimism). The dispositional attitude construct represents a new perspective in which attitudes are not simply a function of the properties of the stimuli under consideration, but are also a function of the properties of the evaluator. We discuss the intriguing implications of dispositional attitudes for many areas of research, including attitude formation, persuasion, and behavior prediction.

Hepler, Justin; Albarracin, Dolores

2013-01-01

106

Attitudes of medical staff towards the psychiatric label "schizophrenic patient" tested by an anti-stigma questionnaire.  

PubMed

The aim of this research was to investigate the opinions and attitudes of medical staff towards schizophrenic patients. The research included three groups of examinees, 200 physicians of various specialties, 200 nurses and technicians working in Zagreb city hospitals, and 200 3rd and 4th year students of the School of Medicine in Zagreb. Previously validated anti-stigma questionnaire was used, consisting of 25 questions divided into three thematic groups, structured and adapted to the specific requirements of this study. The results were mutually compared and statistically analyzed by applying the chi 2-test. Significant difference (p < 0.01) between the answers of physicians and those of medical students was found in questions 2, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18, 22, 23, 25, and between physicians and nurses/technicians in answers to questions 4, 15, 22, 23. Significant difference (p < 0.01) between the answers given by nurses/technicians and medical students was found in questions 10, 13, 22, 23. The results point to the existence of prejudices and stigmatizing attitudes in all three investigated groups. The most frequent reasons for stigmatizing attitude of students are based on fear and insufficient knowledge about mental patients and schizophrenia as a disease, while there are a high percentage of positive answers to the questions on rehabilitation and resocialization. The nurses/technicians also show a high degree of mistrust towards schizophrenic patients and mostly answer with "I don't know", thus presenting insufficiently formed attitudes about the mentioned problems. The physicians in their answers confirm fear, mistrust and stigmatizing attitudes towards schizophrenic patients found in general population in Croatia. The consequences of such attitudes are the low quality of life of schizophrenic patients, and slow, often incomplete, resocialization. PMID:12974160

Filipci?, Igor; Pavici?, Dino; Filipci?, Aida; Hotujac, Ljubomir; Begi?, Drazen; Grubisin, Jasmina; Dordevi?, Veljko

2003-06-01

107

The Measurement and Structure of Human Rights Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the structure of attitudes toward human rights, the authors developed the Human Rights Questionnaire (HRQ) and administered it to two North American samples; the first sample included 365 college students, and the second included 212 college students and 42 adults. Exploratory factor analysis was performed on the data from the first sample, and four factors were extracted and

Jeannette Diaz-Veizades; Keith F. Widaman; Todd D. Little; Katherine W. Gibbs

1995-01-01

108

Parents' attitudes towards hepatitis B vaccination for their children. A survey comparing paper and web questionnaires, Sweden 2005  

PubMed Central

Background The World Health Organisation, WHO, recommends that most countries should vaccinate all children against hepatitis B. Sweden has chosen not to do so, but the issue is reassessed regularly. The objective of this survey was to assess knowledge and attitudes towards hepatitis B vaccine for children among parents living in Sweden, and to compare distribution of responses and response rate between parents answering a postal questionnaire and those responding via the Internet. Methods A population-based cross-sectional survey, where the sampling frame consisted of all parents to a child born 2002 living in Sweden. Two independent samples of 1001 parents in each sample were drawn. All parents were contacted by postal mail. The parents in the first sample were invited to participate by answering a paper questionnaire. The parents in the second sample were given an individual user name along with a password, and asked to log on to the Internet to answer an identical electronic questionnaire. Results A total of 1229 questionnaires were analysed. The overall response rate for paper questionnaires was 55%, and 15% for the web version. Knowledge of the disease hepatitis B was overall high (90%). A higher degree of knowledge was seen among parents with education beyond high school (p = 0.001). This group of parents also had a higher tendency to reply via the Internet (p = 0.001). The willingness to accept hepatitis B vaccine for their child was correlated to the acceptance of the present childhood vaccination programme (p = 0.001). Conclusion The results reveal a high level of knowledge of the disease and a positive attitude to having their children vaccinated. This study also displays that the conventional postal method of surveying still delivers a higher response rate than a web-based survey.

Dannetun, Eva; Tegnell, Anders; Giesecke, Johan

2007-01-01

109

Instrument for the measurement of individual and societal attitudes toward drugs.  

PubMed

Due to the importance of the relation between attitudes and the experimentation with and use of drugs among adolescents, an instrument was developed composed of individual and societal attitudes toward drugs. A pilot study was carried out on the basis of which a questionnaire containing 63 items was constructed. This questionnaire was given to the research sample of 566 Israeli high school students aged 15-17. Three criteria were used to determine the final version of the instrument, which contains 55 items. Factor analysis revealed seven factors: curiosity and willingness to use drugs, social concern, individual freedom, attribution of positive characteristics to drugs, perceived harmfulness of drugs, perceived characteristics of drug users, and legalization of drugs. Reliability of the factors ranges from alpha = 0.64 to alpha = 0.88; reliability of the entire questionnaire is alpha = 0.89. A short version of the questionnaire consisting of 27 items (alpha = 0.80) was developed for special populations. These findings suggest that the Green Individual and Societal Attitudes Toward Drugs Questionnaire can be employed as a diagnostic tool to identify potential drug experimenters, and as a planning and evaluation measure to preventive drug educational programs. PMID:2228330

Green, D

1990-02-01

110

Authoritarianism and attitudes toward the Vietnam war as reflected in behavioral and self-report measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tested the hypothesis that authoritarianism as measured by the California F Scale would be related to both behavioral and self-report measures of Ss' attitudes toward United States involvement in the Vietnam war. The F Scale and a 6-statement self-report questionnaire pertaining to the Vietnam war were administered to 131 undergraduates. 65 Ss acitvely demonstrated against United States involvement in the

Richard R. Izzett

1971-01-01

111

Race as an Experimenter Effect In Racial Attitude Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sedlacek and Brooks in measuring the attitudes of whites toward blacks with the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) have used trained white administrators in all previous studies. The purpose of white administrators was to avoid calling attention to the racial variable being measured. However the instrument is not the entire simulus presented to…

Sedlacek, William E.; Brooks, Glenwood C., Jr.

112

Development of a measure of negative attitudes toward masturbation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes the development of a new, 30-item measure of negative attitudes toward masturbation and the relationships between negative attitudes toward masturbation, sex guilt, and frequency of masturbation in 96 male and 102 female undergraduates. 4 male and 4 female Es administered the Sex Guilt subscale of the Mosher Forced-Choice Guilt Inventory, a measure of sex experience by Brady and Levitt,

Paul R. Abramson; Donald L. Mosher

1975-01-01

113

European attitudes towards ethical problems in intensive care medicine: Results of an ethical questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire was sent to the 590 members of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine to define both the current practices and the opinions of these specialists on various ethical issues. The answers from 242 (41%) European members were collected and analysed. The first part of the questionnaire was designed to define the criteria for admission to Intensive Care

J. L. Vincent

1990-01-01

114

Examination of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 in a mixed-gender young-adolescent sample.  

PubMed

Thin-ideal (or media) internalization is an important eating disorder risk factor that has become a central target of many prevention programs. However, evidence for its valid assessment in young, mixed-gender, adolescent samples is limited, and the current study is the first to explore the psychometric properties of the 30-item Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3; J. Thompson, P. van den Berg, M. Roehrig, A. S. Guarda, & L. J. Heinberg, 2004) in a nonadult community sample. Two samples of Grade 8 students (M age = 13.68 years), totaling 680 girls (N = 332) and boys (N = 348) completed the SATAQ-3 and other measures, whereas a smaller sample (N = 123) of Grade 10 girls (M age = 15.01 years) served as a comparison group for supplementary analyses. Principal component analyses (PCA) with data from Sample 1 (N = 201) revealed 4 factors with eigenvalues > 1.0, similar to the original authors' structure but with some cross-loading occurring between the Pressures and Internalization-General scales. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted with data from Sample 2 (N = 479) on the factor solution found in the PCA. The model did not fit well, leading to further revisions based on removal of cross-loading items and CFA modification indices, resulting in a 19-item, 4-factor solution with acceptable fit. Examinations of validity and reliability were generally acceptable. The overall findings suggest that an abbreviated version of the SATAQ-3 might be more appropriate than the original version with young-adolescent, mixed-gender audiences. Further examinations of the psychometric properties of the SATAQ-3 with this demographic are indicated. PMID:21928909

Wilksch, Simon M; Wade, Tracey D

2011-09-19

115

Anaesthetists' attitudes to teamwork and safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A questionnaire survey was conducted with 222 anaesthetists from 11 Scottish hospitals to measure their attitudes towards human and organisational factors that can have an impact on effective team performance and consequently on patient safety. A customised version of the Operating Room Management Attitude Questionnaire (ORMAQ) was used. This measures attitudes to leadership, communication, teamwork, stress and fatigue, work

R. Flin; G. Fletcher; P. McGeorge; A. Sutherland; R. Patey

2003-01-01

116

The Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the 17-item Selective Mutism Questionnaire. Method Diagnostic interviews were administered via telephone to 102 parents of children identified with selective mutism (SM) and 43 parents of children without SM from varying U.S. geographic regions. Children were between the ages of 3 and 11 inclusive and comprised 58% girls and 42% boys. SM diagnoses were determined using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for Children - Parent Version (ADIS-C/P); SM severity was assessed using the 17-item Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ); and behavioral and affective symptoms were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted to investigate the dimensionality of the SMQ and a modified parallel analysis procedure was used to confirm EFA results. Internal consistency, construct validity, and incremental validity were also examined. Results The EFA yielded a 13-item solution consisting of three factors: a) Social Situations Outside of School, b) School Situations, and c) Home and Family Situations. Internal consistency of SMQ factors and total scale ranged from moderate to high. Convergent and incremental validity were also well supported. Conclusions Measure structure findings are consistent with the 3-factor solution found in a previous psychometric evaluation of the SMQ. Results also suggest that the SMQ provides useful and unique information in the prediction of SM phenomenon beyond other child anxiety measures.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.; Roesch, Scott C.

2010-01-01

117

Timing and directions for administration of questionnaires affect outcomes measurement.  

PubMed

We used data from two pilot studies to compare the change in patients' self-reported health-related quality of life after participation in two nearly identical Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Blind Rehabilitation Center (BRC) programs, the Southwestern BRC in Tucson, Arizona, and the BRC at the VA hospital in Hines, Illinois. Researchers at the Southwestern BRC administered the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire as directed by the developer. Researchers at the Hines BRC modified the directions to consider use of low-vision devices. Interval person-ability and item-difficulty measures estimated from patient responses pre- and postrehabilitation were compared with these same measures obtained at follow-up. At the Southwestern BRC, no change was reported in either person or item measures 3 months after rehabilitation. At the Hines BRC, improvement was seen in both the person and item measures when measurements were made immediately following rehabilitation. Because a temporary halo effect may explain the higher ratings at discharge, veterans from the Hines cohort were contacted by telephone and administered the same instrument 3 years later. For these subjects, the improvement noted in the person measure disappeared at follow-up, while the improvement in the item measure was maintained. PMID:17310429

Stelmack, Joan A; Babcock-Parziale, Judith L; Head, Daniel N; Wolfe, Gregory S; Fakhoury, Nader E; Wu, Shelley M; Massof, Robert W

118

Attitudes towards people with mental disorders: the psychometric characteristics of a Finnish questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The prevalence of mental disorders, espe- cially depression, increasingly creates concern for our mental, social and economic well-being. The public has insufficient knowledge about mental disorders and their treatment. A stigma is attached to mental disorders, which has a multifaceted impact on the lives of patients and their families. A Finnish general population survey studied knowledge of and attitudes

Esa Aromaa; Asko Tolvanen; Jyrki Tuulari; Kristian Wahlbeck

2009-01-01

119

Measurement of High School Students' Attitudes Toward Recruiting Incentives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A two-phased survey using the MAGNES technique was conducted to measure the attitudes of American youth with respect to an array of possible US Army recruiting incentives. The primary focus of the survey was on Phase II, the attitudes of high school senio...

R. L. Kaplan P. T. Harris

1983-01-01

120

Attitude Research in Science Education: Classic and Contemporary Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research into how students' attitudes affect their learning of science related subjects has been one of the core areas of interest by science educators. The development in science education records various attempts in measuring attitudes and determining the correlations between behavior, achievements, career aspirations, gender identity and…

Saleh, Issa M., Ed.; Khine, Myint Swe, Ed.

2011-01-01

121

Attitude Research in Science Education: Classic and Contemporary Measurements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research into how students' attitudes affect their learning of science related subjects has been one of the core areas of interest by science educators. The development in science education records various attempts in measuring attitudes and determining the correlations between behavior, achievements, career aspirations, gender identity and…

Saleh, Issa M., Ed.; Khine, Myint Swe, Ed.

2011-01-01

122

Refinement of a Chemistry Attitude Measure for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work presents the evaluation and refinement of a chemistry attitude measure, Attitude toward the Subject of Chemistry Inventory (ASCI), for college students. The original 20-item and revised 8-item versions of ASCI (V1 and V2) were administered to different samples. The evaluation for ASCI had two main foci: reliability and validity. This…

Xu, Xiaoying; Lewis, Jennifer E.

2011-01-01

123

Attitudes toward Working Single Parents: Initial Development of a Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies describe the development and refinement of a measure designed to assess Attitudes TowardWorking Single Parents (AWSP). Study 1 consisted of content validation of items written to assess respondent attitudes regarding the effect of single parenthood on two dimensions viewed as most central to the life experiences of single parents: work and family. Study 2 involved exploratory factor analysis

Carrie L. Noble; Lillian T. Eby; Angie Lockwood; Tammy D. Allen

2004-01-01

124

Attitudes toward Working Single Parents: Initial Development of a Measure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three studies describe the development and refinement of a measure designed to assess Attitudes Toward Working Single Parents (AWSP). Study 1 consisted of content validation of items written to assess respondent attitudes regarding the effect of single parenthood on two dimensions viewed as most central to the life experiences of single parents:…

Noble, Carrie L.; Eby, Lillian T.; Lockwood, Angie; Allen, Tammy D.

2004-01-01

125

Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The need for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) and holistic approaches in allopathic medical school curricula has been well articulated. Despite increased CAM instruction, feasible and validated instruments for measuring learner outcomes in this content area do not widely exist. In addition, baseline attitudes or beliefs of medical students towards CAM, and the factors that may have formed them,

Désirée Lie; John Boker

2004-01-01

126

Attitudes towards people with mental disorders: the psychometric characteristics of a Finnish questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The prevalence of mental disorders, especially depression, increasingly creates concern for our mental, social and economic\\u000a well-being. The public has insufficient knowledge about mental disorders and their treatment. A stigma is attached to mental\\u000a disorders, which has a multifaceted impact on the lives of patients and their families. A Finnish general population survey\\u000a studied knowledge of and attitudes towards mental

Esa Aromaa; Asko Tolvanen; Jyrki Tuulari; Kristian Wahlbeck

2010-01-01

127

VALIDITATION OF A LIGHT QUESTIONNAIRE WITH REAL-LIFE PHOTOPIC ILLUMINANCE MEASUREMENTS: THE HARVARD LIGHT EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE  

PubMed Central

Background Light exposure at night is now considered a probable carcinogen. To study the effects of light on chronic diseases like cancer, methods to measure light exposure in large observational studies are needed. We aimed to investigate the validity of self-reported current light exposure. Methods We developed a self-administered semiquantitative light questionnaire, the Harvard Light Exposure Assessment (H-LEA) questionnaire, and compared photopic scores derived from this questionnaire with actual photopic and circadian measures obtained from a real-life 7-day light meter application among 132 women (85 rotating night shift workers and 47 day workers) participating in the Nurses' Health Study II. Results After adjustment for age, BMI, collection day, and night work status, the overall partial Spearman correlation between self-report of light exposure and actual photopic light measurements was 0.72 (P<0.001; Kendall ? =0.57) and 0.73 (P<0.0001; Kendall ? =0.58) when correlating circadian light measurements. There were only minimal differences in accuracy of self-report of light exposure and photopic or circadian light measurement between day (r=0.77 and 0.78, respectively) and rotating night shift workers (r=0.68 and 0.69, respectively). Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence of the criterion validity of self-reported light exposure using the H-LEA questionnaire. Impact: This questionnaire is a practical method of assessing light exposure in large scale epidemiologic studies.

Bajaj, Archna; Rosner, Bernard; Lockley, Steven; Schernhammer, Eva S.

2011-01-01

128

Psychometric evaluation of a questionnaire and primary healthcare nurses' attitudes towards research and use of research findings.  

PubMed

AIM: This article investigates attitudes towards and awareness of research and use of research findings among primary healthcare nurses, determinants of attitudes and evaluation of psychometric properties of an instrument measuring nurses' attitudes. BACKGROUND: The production of new knowledge is ongoing and the amount of research of relevance for health care has increased, but there remains a gap between what is known and what is done in practice. To enhance evidence-based practice and patient safety, the use of research findings needs to be encouraged and promoted. METHOD: An explanatory study using a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005-2006. The survey included items about background data and the instrument attitudes towards and awareness of research and development in nursing. 1054 nurses participated in the study. Factor analyses and Cronbach's alpha were used to evaluate internal structure and internal consistency of the instrument. RESULT: The nurses generally held positive attitudes towards research. Although most of the nurses reported using research in practice, 37% claimed that they never or rarely used research findings. Half of the respondents perceived they had the ability to analyse scientific reports/articles. This ability and research use were significant determinants of attitudes. Factor analysis of the scale resulted in a three-factor solution, which differs from the seven-factor structure previously identified by the originators of the instrument. CONCLUSION: Our results support the view that implementation of research is a complex process involving several factors. The different factor structure identified suggests that further work is needed on this instrument. PMID:23517064

Nilsson Kajermo, Kerstin; Alinaghizadeh, Hassan; Falk, Ulla; Wändell, Per; Törnkvist, Lena

2013-03-20

129

[Attitudes to cholesterol measurement and intervention among general practitioners in Bornholm].  

PubMed

In 1985 an explanatory report was published about investigation and treatment of hyperlipidaemia. This report, together with a consensus report published subsequently, formed the background for a nationwide cholesterol campaign. The attitudes of general practitioners to measurement of cholesterol and intervention must be considered to have decisive influence on performance of the goal of the consensus report, viz, reduction of the incidence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). By means of a nine-page questionnaire, an attempt was made to assess the attitudes to measurement of cholesterol and intervention among the general practitioners on Bornholm. Out of the 35 questionnaires sent, 27 were returned (77%). Just under 40% of the general practitioners would screen all men aged between 20 and 59 years. Approximately 25% would screen women in the same age group. Opinions were unanimous about screening patients with diabetes, hypertension or IHD. Attitudes towards intervention were, by and large, in agreement with the cholesterol limits recommended in the explanatory report. In general, the general practitioners had well balanced attitudes towards tracing and treatment of individuals with raised serum cholesterol with relevant consideration of cholesterol as an important risk factor in the development of IHD. PMID:1858187

Madsen, O R; Lynggaard, F

1991-07-15

130

The child play behavior and activity questionnaire: a parent-report measure of childhood gender-related behavior in China.  

PubMed

Boys and girls establish relatively stable gender stereotyped behavior patterns by middle childhood. Parent-report questionnaires measuring children's gender-related behavior enable researchers to conduct large-scale screenings of community samples of children. For school-aged children, two parent-report instruments, the Child Game Participation Questionnaire (CGPQ) and the Child Behavior and Attitude Questionnaire (CBAQ), have long been used for measuring children's sex-dimorphic behaviors in Western societies, but few studies have been conducted using these measures for Chinese populations. The current study aimed to empirically examine and modify the two instruments for their applications to Chinese society. Parents of 486 Chinese boys and 417 Chinese girls (6-12 years old) completed a questionnaire comprising items from the CGPQ and CBAQ, and an additional 14 items specifically related to Chinese gender-specific games. Items revealing gender differences in a Chinese sample were identified and used to construct a Child Play Behavior and Activity Questionnaire (CPBAQ). Four new scales were generated through factor analysis: a Gender Scale, a Girl Typicality Scale, a Boy Typicality Scale, and a Cross-Gender Scale (CGS). These scales had satisfactory internal reliabilities and large effect sizes for gender. The CPBAQ is believed to be a promising instrument for measuring children's gender-related behavior in China. PMID:18719986

Yu, Lu; Winter, Sam; Xie, Dong

2008-08-22

131

Measures of Knowledge and Attitude Toward Preventive Cardiology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development and validation of an inventory of preventive cardiology at the University of Virginia is described. The inventory contains two instruments designed to measure medical students' preinstructional and postinstructional knowledge of and attitude toward preventive cardiology. (Author/MLW)|

Allred, Charlene A.; And Others

1985-01-01

132

Fine Attitude Measurement System Study. Volume 1: Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The definition of a fine attitude measurement system was analyzed using data from the TPD/TNO star mapper, the SODERN star tracker, and the MEDS star mapper, for Earth resources missions. Configurations, preliminary interface data, and performances were g...

M. Burton

1980-01-01

133

Attitudes to teaching mathematics: Further development of a measurement instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evidence that a relationship exists between attitudes to teaching mathematics and the formation of positive attitudes to mathematics among pupils is somewhat tenuous. Nevertheless, there is a strong belief among pre-service teacher educators that positive attitudes need to be fostered in teacher education students, particularly for prospective primary school teachers. Unfortunately, the research evidence suggests that high proportions of pre-service teachers hold negative attitudes towards mathematics. Although many instruments measuring affect in areas such as self-concept, anxiety, etc. have appeared in the literature over the years, no comprehensive instrument on attitudes is available to help teacher educators monitor attitudinal changes among their pre-service student teachers to the teaching of mathematics. This research re-examines an earlier attempt to develop such an instrument in Australia (Nisbet, 1991) and posits an alternative and refined version.

Relich, Joe; Way, Jenni; Martin, Andrew

1994-07-01

134

Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instruction in Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data were obtained from 311 teachers in order to sample a wide domain of attitudes toward writing instruction and writing anxiety. The subjects' responses were organized along four attitudinal dimensions: (1) the importance of standard English in writing instruction (SE), (2) the importance of defining and evaluating writing tasks (DE), (3) the…

Gere, Anne Ruggles; And Others

135

Attitudes of patients one year after vasectomy: results of 355 of 1,000 questionnaires.  

PubMed

The results of 355 questionnaires are reported, returned one or more years after vasectomy from 1,000 consecutive patients undergoing vasectomies performed by the author from 1959 to 1972. A majority claimed either unchanged or improved health, satisfaction with sexual relations, and frequency of sexual intercourse; 99.5 per cent were satisfied with the operation and in retrospect 96.7 per cent would have the operation again. PMID:1162809

Moss, W M

1975-09-01

136

Knowledge and attitude of final - year medical students in Germany towards palliative care - an interinstitutional questionnaire-based study  

PubMed Central

Background To care for terminally ill and dying patients requires a thorough medical education, encompassing skills, knowledge, and attitudes in the field of palliative care. Undergraduate medical students in Germany will receive mandatory teaching in palliative care in the near future driven by recent changes in the Medical Licensure Act. Before new curricula can be implemented, the knowledge of medical students with respect to palliative care, their confidence to handle palliative care situations correctly, their therapeutic attitude, and their subjective assessment about previous teaching practices have to be better understood. Method We designed a composite, three-step questionnaire (self estimation of confidence, knowledge questions, and opinion on the actual and future medical curriculum) conducted online of final - year medical students at two universities in Germany. Results From a total of 318 enrolled students, 101 responded and described limited confidence in dealing with specific palliative care issues, except for pain therapy. With regard to questions examining their knowledge base in palliative care, only one third of the students (33%) answered more than half of the questions correctly. Only a small percentage of students stated they had gained sufficient knowledge and experience in palliative care during their studies, and the vast majority supported the introduction of palliative care as a mandatory part of the undergraduate curriculum. Conclusion This study identifies medical students' limited confidence and knowledge base in palliative care in 2 German universities, and underlines the importance of providing a mandatory palliative care curriculum.

2011-01-01

137

Attitudes and Attitude Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes and attitude change remain core topics of contemporary social psychology. This selective review emphasizes work published from 2005 to 2009. It addresses constructionist and stable-entity conceptualizations of attitude, the distinction between implicit and explicit measures of attitude, and implications of the foregoing for attitude change. Associative and propositional processes in attitude change are considered at a general level and

Gerd Bohner; Nina Dickel

138

Attitudes and Attitude Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes and attitude change remain core topics of contemporary social psychology. This selective review emphasizes work published from 2005 to 2009. It addresses constructionist and stable-entity conceptualizations of attitude, the distinction between implicit and explicit measures of attitude, and implications of the foregoing for attitude change. Associative and propositional processes in attitude change are considered at a general level and

Gerd Bohner; Nina Dickel

2011-01-01

139

Validity of a Brief Measure of Parental Affective Attitudes in High-Risk Preschoolers  

PubMed Central

The current study investigated psychometric properties of the Family Affective Attitude Rating Scale (FAARS) for assessing parents’ thoughts and feelings about their child, coded from a 5-min speech sample. Parental affective attitudes derive from previous experiences of parenting and child behavior, representations of the parent–child relationship and broader parental characteristics. Data were collected from mother-child dyads at ages 2 and 3 (N = 731; 49 % female) from a multi-ethnic and high-risk community sample. Multi-informant observations of parenting and questionnaire measures were used to test construct and discriminant validity. FAARS showed good internal consistency and high inter-rater agreement. Affective attitudes were related to mothers’ perceptions of their daily hassles, their reports of conflict with their child, and observed measures of positive and harsh parenting. Negative affective attitudes uniquely predicted later child problem behavior, over and above maternal reports of and observed measures of parenting. Overall, results support the validity of FAARS coding in mothers of preschoolers, a previously untested group. FAARS is a novel measure, directly assessing maternal perceptions of the parent–child relationship, and indirectly providing an index of maternal affect, stress, and depressive symptoms. Its brevity and cost-effectiveness further enhance the potential use of the FAARS measure for clinical and research settings.

Gardner, Frances; Dishion, Thomas J.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Wilson, Melvin N.

2012-01-01

140

The environmental attitudes inventory: A valid and reliable measure to assess the structure of environmental attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental attitudes (EA), a crucial construct in environmental psychology, are a psychological tendency expressed by evaluating the natural environment with some degree of favour or disfavour. There are hundreds of EA measures available based on different conceptual and theoretical frameworks, and most researchers prefer to generate new measures rather than organize those already available. The present research provides a cumulative

Taciano L. Milfont; John Duckitt

2010-01-01

141

Measuring Orthodontic Treatment Satisfaction: Questionnaire Development and Preliminary Validation  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aims of this study were to develop a reliable self-report measure of consumer satisfaction with orthodontic treatment, and to preliminarily assess its validity. Method Transcripts of qualitative interviews with patients, their parents, and practicing orthodontists together with items from existing dental satisfaction questionnaires were used to develop a pool of 41 items assessing satisfaction with various aspects of orthodontic care. These items were paired with five-point Likert scales (1=strongly disagree, 5=strongly agree) and were administered to 299 parents of children who had completed orthodontic treatment at two university-based clinics. Results Factor analyses and reliability analyses identified three main subscales with high reliabilities: 13 items assessing satisfaction with treatment process (Cronbach’s alpha=.92), seven items assessing satisfaction with psychosocial effects of treatment (Cronbach’s alpha=.87), and five items assessing satisfaction with overall treatment outcome (Cronbach’s alpha=. 79). Relationships among these three subscales and pre- and posttreatment variables were examined in a subset of 86 parent/patients. Forward stepwise regression with backward overlook revealed no significant relationships between any satisfaction subscale and demographic variables. Posttreatment overjet was inversely related to parental satisfaction with orthodontic treatment process (R2=.13; P<.001), and parent satisfaction with treatment outcome (R2=.28; P<.0001). Improvement in esthetics as measured by improvement in IOTN Aesthetic Component scores was positively related to satisfaction with psychosocial outcomes (R2=.28; P<.0001). Conclusions The present instrument is reliable and can be used to assess three dimensions of parental satisfaction with their child‘s orthodontic treatment. Relationships between visible orthodontic outcome variables and parent satisfaction provide preliminary validity support for the instrument.

Bennett, M. Elizabeth; Vig, Katherine W. L.; Phillips, Ceib L.

2013-01-01

142

The Chicano Racial Attitude Measure (CRAM): Results of an initial investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study introduces an instrument, The Chicano Racial Attitude Measure (CRAM), designed to measure racial attitude towards Chicanos by Chicano and Anglo children. It is adapted from the Preschool Racial Attitude Measure (PRAM II), an instrument designed to measure racial attitude towards Blacks, developed by Williams and his associates at Wake Forest University from 1960-1971. Subjects were 120 children, 5

Gloria Bernat; Philip Balch

1979-01-01

143

Feasibility of using GPS measurements for OMV attitude update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a feasibility study to determine whether the measurements from GPS satellites can be used to estimate the OMV attitude to an accuracy comparable to the onboard sun sensors, i.e., better than 0.5 degree in each axis. The results documented in this paper demonstrate that OMV attitude can be estimated to an accuracy of 0.1

Triveni N. Upadhyay; Harley Rhodehamel; A. Wayne Deaton

1988-01-01

144

Liaw's measures of attitudes toward computers and the Internet: a supportive comment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liaw's two scales for measuring attitudes toward computers and the Internet were found to be reliable but factorially complex. Computer attitudes were more strongly associated with computer and Internet skills and behavior than were Internet attitudes.

Bijou Yang; David Lester

2003-01-01

145

Police and Prosecutor Practices and Attitudes Relating to Interrogation as Revealed by Pre and Post-Miranda Questionnaires: A Construct of Police Capacity to Comply  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both prior and subsequent to the Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona, the author sent questionnaires to police and prosecutors throughout the country soliciting information concerning their interrogation practices, the factors prompting these practices, and their attitudes toward recent trends in the law of interrogation. In this article the author analyzes the findings of this survey and concludes that

Cyril D. Robinson

1968-01-01

146

Knowledge and attitudes of parents and professionals to neonatal BCG vaccination in light of recent UK policy changes: A questionnaire study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Universal BCG vaccination in the UK ended in 2005. The new vaccination policy instead offers a number of different forms of selective vaccination to newborns based on risk of acquiring TB. We set out to assess the attitudes and knowledge of both parents and professionals to the new policy for neonatal BCG vaccination. METHODS: A short questionnaire was designed,

Morris Gordon; Hannah Roberts; Egware Odeka

2007-01-01

147

What cognitive differences are measured by the role category questionnaire?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments investigated whether scores on the Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) predict the amount of psychological knowledge activated about others. The amount of knowledge activated about a known peer was operationalized as mean reaction time to decide whether 32 traits described the peer. In Experiment 1, RCQ scores predicted the knowledge activated about peers described on the RCQ, an additional

Janet R. Meyer

1996-01-01

148

What Cognitive Differences Are Measured by the Role Category Questionnaire?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates, in two experiments, whether scores on the Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) predicted the amount of psychological knowledge activated about others. Uses meta-analytic comparison of the results from the experiments to suggest that RCQ scores significantly predict the amount of conceptual psychological knowledge activated about…

Meyer, Janet R.

1996-01-01

149

Measuring poly-victimization using the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveChildren who experience multiple victimizations (referred to in this paper as poly-victims) need to be identified because they are at particularly high risk of additional victimization and traumatic psychological effects. This paper compares alternative ways of identifying such children using questions from the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ).

David Finkelhor; Richard K. Ormrod; Heather A. Turner; Sherry L. Hamby

2005-01-01

150

The Sexual Activity Questionnaire: A measure of women's sexual functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual activity is an important dimension of quality of life. Therefore it is important to assess the impact that any treatment may have on sexual functioning so that patients can be warned of possible side effects and interventions offered to help ameliorate these. The Sexual Activity Questionnaire (SAQ) was developed to investigate the impact of long-term tamoxifen on the sexual

K. Thirlaway; L. Fallowfield; J. Cuzick

1996-01-01

151

Understanding Attitudes Towards Genetically Modified Food: The Role of Values and Attitude Strength  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was aimed at gaining a better understanding of the nature of negative attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) food. A sample of 250 students at the University of Tromsø responded to a questionnaire measuring attitudes towards GM food, attitude strength, intention to buy such food, and their personal values. Values and attitude strength proved to be important constructs when

Pirjo Honkanen; Bas Verplanken

2004-01-01

152

Measuring interrelating within couples : The Couple's Relating to Each Other Questionnaires (CREOQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Couple's Relating to Each Other Questionnaires (CREOQ) are a set of four questionnaires for measuring negative forms of interrelating within couples. They enable each partner to rate his\\/her relating to the other and the other's relating to him\\/her. They are based upon the theoretical structure called the interpersonal octagon, and each questionnaire has eight scales. They are usually accompanied

John Birtchnell; Stijn Voortman; C. A. J. de Jong; Deidre Gordon

2006-01-01

153

Residents' concerns and attitudes toward a municipal solid waste landfill: integrating a questionnaire survey and GIS techniques.  

PubMed

The ever-growing industry of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal appeals to the growing need for disposal facilities, and MSW treatment facilities are increasingly an environmental and public health concern. Residents living near MSW management facilities are confronted with various risk perceptions, especially odour. In this study, in an effort to assist responsible decision-makers in better planning and managing such a project, a structured questionnaire was designed and distributed to assess the nearby residents' concerns and attitudes surrounding the Laogang Landfill in Shanghai. Geographic information system techniques and relevance analysis were employed to conduct the spatial analysis of physical perceptions, especially odour annoyance. The findings of the research indicate that a significant percentage of the responding sample was aware of the negative impacts of landfills on the environment and public health, and residents in close proximity preferred to live farther from the landfill. The results from the spatial analysis demonstrated a definite degree of correlation between odour annoyance and distance to the facility and proved that the benefits of the socially disadvantaged have been neglected. The research findings also direct attention to the important role of public participation, information disclosure, transparency in management, and mutual communication to avoid conflicts and build social trust. PMID:23793647

Che, Yue; Yang, Kai; Jin, Yan; Zhang, Weiqian; Shang, Zhaoyi; Tai, Jun

2013-06-23

154

Measuring “negative body image”: validation of the Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire in a nonclinical population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite numerous measures of facets of the body image construct, no single assessment broadly measures a continuum of body image disturbance. Accordingly, this study developed the Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire (BIDQ), derived from the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire. Participants were 220 college women and 75 college men who completed an online survey containing this new assessment and established measures of

Thomas F. Cash; Katharine A. Phillips; Melanie T. Santos; Joshua I. Hrabosky

2004-01-01

155

Measuring propaganda effects with direct and indirect attitude tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

An attempt is made to study propaganda effectiveness through the use of disguised attitude measures. The relative effectiveness of two typical radio styles used in informational programs is studied  The traditional pretest design is abandoned in favor of matched groups given a post-test only.

Jack A. Parrish; Donald T. Campbell

1953-01-01

156

A British Scale for Measuring White Attitudes to Coloured People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of constructing this scale was to produce a short, balanced scale, to measure favourability of attitude to coloured people, containing items relevant to the British situation, likely to be meaningful even to 11-year-olds. (Author/JM)

Hartmann, Paul; Husband, Charles

1972-01-01

157

Measuring Change in Professionalism Attitudes during the Gross Anatomy Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By design or default, anatomy educators are often responsible for introducing students to medical professionalism. Although much has been said about the role of anatomical education, there are no published reports suggesting how to measure change. This study investigated what professionalism attitudes, if any, change during a gross anatomy…

Pearson, William G., Jr.; Hoagland, Todd M.

2010-01-01

158

Fine Attitude Measurement System Study. Volume 3: Appendices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The definition of a fine attitude measurement system was analyzed using a data from the TPD/TNO star mapper, the SODERN star tracker, and the MSDS star mapper, for Earth resources missions. Comparison of a star tracker with and without gyroscopes; mathema...

1980-01-01

159

Measuring Attitude Change Response to Films. Observational Report No. 7315.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an experiment to measure attitudinal change in educable mentally retarded and normal children as a result of seeing a film entitled "The Hunter." The investigators, after previewing the film, outlined the attitudes and concepts contained in the film; question items were written to test these concepts. Essentially, the…

Bond, Jack H.; Rosing, Allen

160

Measurement Properties of Questionnaires Measuring Continuity of Care: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Continuity of care is widely acknowledged as a core value in family medicine. In this systematic review, we aimed to identify the instruments measuring continuity of care and to assess the quality of their measurement properties. Methods We did a systematic review using the PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO databases, with an extensive search strategy including ‘continuity of care’, ‘coordination of care’, ‘integration of care’, ‘patient centered care’, ‘case management’ and its linguistic variations. We searched from 1995 to October 2011 and included articles describing the development and/or evaluation of the measurement properties of instruments measuring one or more dimensions of continuity of care (1) care from the same provider who knows and follows the patient (personal continuity), (2) communication and cooperation between care providers in one care setting (team continuity), and (3) communication and cooperation between care providers in different care settings (cross-boundary continuity). We assessed the methodological quality of the measurement properties of each instrument using the COSMIN checklist. Results We included 24 articles describing the development and/or evaluation of 21 instruments. Ten instruments measured all three dimensions of continuity of care. Instruments were developed for different groups of patients or providers. For most instruments, three or four of the six measurement properties were assessed (mostly internal consistency, content validity, structural validity and construct validity). Six instruments scored positive on the quality of at least three of six measurement properties. Conclusions Most included instruments have problems with either the number or quality of its assessed measurement properties or the ability to measure all three dimensions of continuity of care. Based on the results of this review, we recommend the use of one of the four most promising instruments, depending on the target population Diabetes Continuity of Care Questionnaire, Alberta Continuity of Services Scale-Mental Health, Heart Continuity of Care Questionnaire, and Nijmegen Continuity Questionnaire.

Uijen, Annemarie A.; Heinst, Claire W.; Schellevis, Francois G.; van den Bosch, Wil J.H.M.; van de Laar, Floris A.; Terwee, Caroline B.; Schers, Henk J.

2012-01-01

161

Validity Issues in the Likert and Thurstone Approaches to Attitude Measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights the theoretical differences between the Likert and Thurstone approaches to attitude measurement and demonstrates how such differences can lead to discrepant attitude estimates for individuals with the most extreme opinions. Both simulated data and real data on attitude toward abortion are used to demonstrate this discrepancy. The results suggest that attitude researchers should, at the very least,

James S. Roberts; James E. Laughlin; Douglas H. Wedell

1999-01-01

162

Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties of health status questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesRecently, an increasing number of systematic reviews have been published in which the measurement properties of health status questionnaires are compared. For a meaningful comparison, quality criteria for measurement properties are needed. Our aim was to develop quality criteria for design, methods, and outcomes of studies on the development and evaluation of health status questionnaires.

Caroline B. Terwee; Sandra D. M. Bot; Michael R. de Boer; Daniëlle A. W. M. van der Windt; Dirk L. Knol; Joost Dekker; Lex M. Bouter; Henrica C. W. de Vet

2007-01-01

163

Measures of Social Psychological Attitudes. Appendix B to Measures of Political Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This handbook is a compilation and evaluation of 106 attitude scales for survey research. An introductory chapter outlines the ten chapters and discusses the rationale and background of the project. Chapter 2 reviews survey evidence on the correlates of life satisfaction and happiness in the general public. Chapters 3 through 9 review and…

Robinson, John P.; Shaver, Phillip R.

164

Questionnaire for Identifying Writer's Block (QIWB).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to identify students with writer's block, this measure is an attitude questionnaire of 24 items separated into five subscales: blocking, lateness, premature editing, strategies for complexity, and attitudes. If teachers or researchers wish simply to identify blockers, they can administer only the items within the behavioral…

Rose, Mike

165

Feasibility of using GPS measurements for OMV attitude update  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the results of a feasibility study to determine whether the measurements from GPS satellites can be used to estimate the OMV attitude to an accuracy comparable to the onboard sun sensors, i.e., better than 0.5 degree in each axis. The results documented in this paper demonstrate that OMV attitude can be estimated to an accuracy of 0.1 - 0.5 degree in each axis by processing GPS measurements in an onboard integrated, 17-state GPS/inertial navigation filter. The result is particularly significant for missions of short duration burns where accurate attitude information is needed to minimize guidance and control errors. It is shown that the GPS attitude technique described in this paper can be easily implemented in the current OMV navigation system design. Results reported in this paper are expected to support the goal of developing a fault-tolerant guidance, navigation, and control system offering an improved total navigation performance for the OMV.

Upadhyay, Triveni N.; Rhodehamel, Harley; Deaton, A. Wayne

166

Development of an Instrument To Measure Cultural Attitudes and Behaviors Affecting Vocational Rehabilitation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Individualism-Collectivism Vocational Attitudes Questionnaire (ICVAQ) was developed to assess cultural attitudes and behaviors that may be important in the provision of vocational rehabilitation services to people with disabilities from diverse cultural backgrounds. Results of study were mixed but provided some support for the reliability and…

Thompson, Virginia C.; Berven, Norman L.

2002-01-01

167

Attitude control of rigid body dynamics from biased IMU measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercially viable aerial robotic vehicles require low-cost attitude stabilisation systems that are robust to noise and sensor bias. A typical attitude stabilisation system consists of MEMs accelerometers, gyroscopes linked to separate attitude estimator and attitude controller algorithms. This paper proposes a non-linear attitude stabiliser for low-cost aerial robotic vehicles that combines attitude and bias estimation with control. The attitude control

Paul Pounds; Tarek Hamel; Robert Mahony

2007-01-01

168

A dynamic optical model attitude measurement system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major source of transonic wind tunnel test data uncertainty is due to angle of attack measurement errors caused by unknown sting and balance deflections under load. Since dynamic loads in the ETW will greatly exceed those in conventional wind tunnels, the need to account for these distortions during model testing will be even more acute. The correct determination of

F. K. Owen; G. M. Orngard; T. K. McDevitt; T. A. Ambur

1988-01-01

169

Spacecraft Relative Attitude Formation Tracking on SO(3) Based on Line-of-Sight Measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis investigates the use of line-of-sight (LOS) measurements for the control of relative attitude formation among multiple spacecraft. It is based on the fact that two pointing directions, referring to LOS measurements, from the spacecraft to distinct objects can determine the absolute attitude of spacecraft. With the same approach, LOS measurements from cost-effective vision-based sensors can be applied to obtain the relative attitude among spacecraft. In the proposed approach, high accuracy of attitude control and simpler control scheme can be constructed by designing the control law in terms of LOS measurements. In addition, the relative attitude controller provides almost global exponential stability on the nonlinear configuration manifold of relative attitude. The described properties are illustrated by numerical examples. In conventional approaches, the absolute attitude is measured locally by using an inertial measurement unit, and they are compared to determine relative attitude, thereby causing the accumulation of measurement errors and complex controller structures.

Wu, Tse-Huai

170

Work ethics and general work attitudes in adolescents are related to quality of life, sense of coherence and subjective health - a Swedish questionnaire study  

PubMed Central

Background Working life is an important arena in most people's lives, and the working line concept is important for the development of welfare in a society. For young people, the period before permanent establishment in working life has become longer during the last two decades. Knowledge about attitudes towards work can help us to understand young people's transition to the labour market. Adolescents are the future workforce, so it seems especially important to notice their attitudes towards work, including attitudes towards the welfare system. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse upper secondary school students' work attitudes, and to explore factors related to these attitudes. Methods The sample consisted of 606 upper secondary school students. They all received a questionnaire including questions about quality of life (QOL), sense of coherence (SOC), subjective health and attitudes towards work. The response rate was 91%. A factor analysis established two dimensions of work attitudes. Multivariate analyses were carried out by means of logistic regression models. Results Work ethics (WE) and general work attitudes (GWA) were found to be two separate dimensions of attitudes towards work. Concerning WE the picture was similar regardless of gender or study programme. Males in theoretical programmes appeared to have more unfavourable GWA than others. Multivariate analyses revealed that good QOL, high SOC and good health were significantly related to positive WE, and high SOC was positively related to GWA. Being female was positively connected to WE and GWA, while studying on a practical programme was positively related to GWA only. Among those who received good parental support, GWA seemed more favourable. Conclusion Assuming that attitudes towards work are important to the working line concept, this study points out positive factors of importance for the future welfare of the society. Individual factors such as female gender, good QOL, high SOC and good health as well as support from both parents, positive experience of school and work contacts related positively to attitudes towards work. Further planning and supportive work have to take these factors into account.

Axelsson, Lars; Andersson, Ingemar; Hakansson, Anders; Ejlertsson, Goran

2005-01-01

171

Study of the spatial object’s exterior attitude measurement based on multi-linear CCD  

Microsoft Academic Search

To overcome the conflict between the speed and the accuracy with area image sensors are used for attitude measurement, an exterior attitude measurement with nine linear CCD cameras combination for spatial object is presented. The attitude angle of the measured object is determined by the spatial solution while the coordinate reconstruction is separately carried on by three subsystems for 3D

Lili Ai; Feng Yuan; Zhenliang Ding

2008-01-01

172

Flight and attitude dynamics measurements of an instrumented Frisbee  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In-flight measurements are made of the translational accelerations and attitude motion of a hand-thrown flying disc using miniaturized accelerometers and other sensors and a microcontroller data acquisition system. The experiments explore the capabilities and limitations of sensors on a rapidly rotating platform moving in air, and illustrate several of the complex gyrodynamic aspects of Frisbee flight. The data give insight into the biomechanics of Frisbee launch, and indicate lift, drag and pitch moment coefficients consistent with previous wind-tunnel measurements. The experiments constitute an instructive exercise in aerospace vehicle systems integration and in attitude reconstruction, and open the way to guided disc wings using control surfaces actuated during specific spin phases determined by onboard sensors.

Lorenz, Ralph D.

2005-03-01

173

Do implicit measures of attitudes incrementally predict snacking behaviour over explicit affect-related measures?  

PubMed

Various studies have demonstrated an association between implicit measures of attitudes and dietary-related behaviours. However, no study has tested whether implicit measures of attitudes predict dietary behaviour after controlling for explicit measures of palatability. In a prospective design, two studies assessed the validity of measures of implicit attitude (Implicit Association Test, IAT) and explicit measures of palatability and health-related attitudes on self-reported (Studies 1 and 2) and objective food (fruit vs. chocolate) choice (Study 2). Following regression analyses, in both studies, implicit measures of attitudes were correlated with food choice but failed to significantly predict food choice when controlling specifically for explicit measures of palatability. These consistent relationships emerged despite using different category labels within the IAT in the two studies. The current research suggests implicit measures of attitudes may not predict dietary behaviours after taking into account the palatability of food. This is important in order to establish determinants that explain unique variance in dietary behaviours and to inform dietary change interventions. PMID:22326883

Ayres, Karen; Conner, Mark T; Prestwich, Andrew; Smith, Paul

2012-02-02

174

Generic ABILHAND Questionnaire Can Measure Manual Ability across a Variety of Motor Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ABILHAND is, in its original version, a 46-item, 4-level questionnaire. It measures the difficulty perceived by patients with rheumatoid arthritis as they do various daily manual tasks. ABILHAND was originally built through Rasch analysis. In a later study, it was simplified to a generic 23-item, three-level questionnaire, showing both…

Simone, Anna; Rota, Viviana; Tesio, Luigi; Perucca, Laura

2011-01-01

175

The Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire: A revised measure of alcohol-related beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol-related expectancies have been recently proposed as potentially important determinants of drinking behavior. This study describes the development of a New Zealand measure of such beliefs, the Drinking Expectancy Questionnaire (DEQ). Items selected through interviews, literature review, and the modification of other relevant questionnaires were piloted on 333 drinkers in a community sample and 275 college students. Factor analyses of

Ross McD Young; Robert G. Knight

1989-01-01

176

Generic ABILHAND Questionnaire Can Measure Manual Ability across a Variety of Motor Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ABILHAND is, in its original version, a 46-item, 4-level questionnaire. It measures the difficulty perceived by patients with rheumatoid arthritis as they do various daily manual tasks. ABILHAND was originally built through Rasch analysis. In a later study, it was simplified to a generic 23-item, three-level questionnaire, showing both…

Simone, Anna; Rota, Viviana; Tesio, Luigi; Perucca, Laura

2011-01-01

177

Quality of life assessment: a comparison of four questionnaires: for measuring improvements after total hip replacement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Three experimental questionnaires were compared with the Influence of Rheumatic Diseases on Health and Lifestyle (IRGL) questionnaire, a Dutch version of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales. Sixty-two patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 35 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), all of whom underwent hip arthroplasty, completed the study.

M. Borstlap; J. L. Zant; R. M. Soesbergen; J. K. Korst

1995-01-01

178

Developing the changes in attitude about the relevance of science (CARS) questionnaire and assessing two high school science classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has two purposes: (a) methodological - to design and test a new instrument able to reflect changes in attitudes toward science over time, and (b) investigative - to find out the effect of two similar curricular treatments on the attitudes of two classes. Items about the relevance of science to students' lives were developed, pilot-tested, and analyzed using

Marcelle A. Siegel; Michael A. Ranney

2003-01-01

179

Normal for norfolk? Measuring maternity staff attitudes to patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionPatient safety is a strong driver for quality improvement within the NHS. Maternity units deal with unintended harm to patients on a daily basis. Ensuring a strong patient safety culture within the workforce is important in achieving good clinical outcomes. In Norwich we were unsure of how staff perceived patient safety issues.ObjectiveTo measure staff attitude to patient safety.SettingLarge tertiary hospital

M J Cameron; J Corfe; W Evans; R Goodsell; S Hunt; D Nirmal; S Rajshekhar; J Tinsey

2011-01-01

180

Design of an Object's Attitude-measuring System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In production and scientific research, the acquisition of over ground or underground buildings' attitude parameters, including inclination angle, rotation angle and azimuth angle, is necessary. The metrical principle of each parameter has been introduced in this thesis, and also a complete measuring system has been designed. The FLC3-70 is chosen as the magnetic sensor and MMA7260Q as the acceleration of

Mingwei Li; Fei Yan

2006-01-01

181

Establishing Measurement Criteria for an Energy Literacy Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Energy literacy is a broad term encompassing content knowledge as well as a citizenship understanding of energy that includes affective and behavioral aspects. This article presents explicit criteria that will serve as a foundation for developing measurable objectives for energy literacy in three dimensions: cognitive (knowledge, cognitive…

DeWaters, Jan; Powers, Susan

2013-01-01

182

Establishing Measurement Criteria for an Energy Literacy Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Energy literacy is a broad term encompassing content knowledge as well as a citizenship understanding of energy that includes affective and behavioral aspects. This article presents explicit criteria that will serve as a foundation for developing measurable objectives for energy literacy in three dimensions: cognitive (knowledge, cognitive…

DeWaters, Jan; Powers, Susan

2013-01-01

183

Measuring drug urges by questionnaire: Do not balance scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures designed to assess self-reported drug urges are routinely balanced: that is, they contain a relatively equal number of positively and negatively worded items. Using smoking urges as an example, we explored the effect of item wording on responses to self-report items. One hundred sixteen cigarette smokers responded to 32 positively worded statements and their 32 negatively worded counterparts adapted

Christine T. Sweeney; Janine L. Pillitteri; Lynn T. Kozlowski

1996-01-01

184

Developing a Measure of Appraisal: A Psychometric Analysis of the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Objective :? To develop a questionnaire measure of appraisals for parents of children with a cleft (the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire) and to investigate the ability of the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire to predict variance in parental well-being. Design, Participants, Setting :? The study used a cross-sectional postal and online questionnaire design with a retest component involving parents of children with a cleft lip and/or palate. Data are presented for 179 parents, predominantly women (74.9%), aged 22 to 58 years. Main Outcome Measures :? Participants completed the appraisal measure under development; other measures of psychological well-being, social support, and socially desirable responding; and demographic information. Results :? Overall, the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire was found to have a coherent factor structure, good internal reliability, and good test-retest reliability. The Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire was also found to predict a significant amount of unique variance in well-being over and above the variance predicted by demographic, social support, and social desirability variables. Conclusions :? Parental appraisals, measured by the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire, were found to predict unique variance in well-being. These findings are discussed in relation to adjustment to cleft lip and/or palate for parents. Directions for future research are outlined and the implications for clinical practice and services are discussed. PMID:23394316

Shuttlewood, Emma; Dalton, Louise; Cooper, Myra

2013-02-01

185

Measuring implicit attitudes of 4-year-olds: The Preschool Implicit Association Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT) is an adaptation of an established social cognition measure (IAT) for use with preschool children. Two studies with 4-year-olds found that the PSIAT was effective in evaluating (a) attitudes toward commonly liked objects (flowers=good) and (b) gender attitudes (girl=good or boy=good). The gender attitude PSIAT was positively correlated with corresponding explicit attitude measures and

Dario Cvencek; Anthony G. Greenwald; Andrew N. Meltzoff

2011-01-01

186

Measurement and Predictors of a Negative Attitude towards Statistics among LMU Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The measurement of the attitude towards statistics and the relationship between the attitude towards statistics and several\\u000a socio-demographic and educational factors was investigated in a survey on over 600 students of the Ludgwig-Maximilians-Universität\\u000a (LMU). The attitude towards statistics was measured by means of the Affect and Cognitive Competence scales of the Survey of\\u000a Attitudes Towards Statistics (SATS, Schau et al.

Carolin Strobl; Friedrich Leisch; Christian Dittrich; Christian Seiler; Sandra Hackensperger

187

Development of Questionnaires to Measure Psychosocial Influences on Children's Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background.The purpose of this study was to develop and validate questionnaires used to measure psychosocial determinants of physical activity in preadolescent children.Methods.Three theory-based questionnaires and a measure of after-school physical activity were administered to 422 fifth-grade students. A cross-validation design was employed for psychometric development of the scales, including factor analysis, reliability, and validation by correlating scale scores with intention

Ruth P. Saunders; Russell R. Pate; Gwen Felton; Marsha Dowda; Martin C. Weinrich; Dianne S. Ward; Mary Ann Parsons; Tom Baranowski

1997-01-01

188

Developing the changes in attitude about the relevance of science (CARS) questionnaire and assessing two high school science classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has two purposes: (a) methodological—to design and test a new instrument able to reflect changes in attitudes toward science over time, and (b) investigative—to find out the effect of two similar curricular treatments on the attitudes of two classes. Items about the relevance of science to students' lives were developed, pilot-tested, and analyzed using Rasch modeling. We then

Marcelle A. Siegel; Michael A. Ranney

2003-01-01

189

MEASUREMENT AND CLASSIFICATION OF TEACHER ATTITUDES TOWARD ADULT ILLITERATES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AS A FIRST STEP IN A STUDY OF THE ROLE OF ATTITUDE AND ATTITUDE CHANGE AS A VARIABLE IN THE INTERACTION BETWEEN BASIC LITERACY TEACHERS AND THEIR ADULT STUDENTS, A GENERAL PROCEDURE FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF ATTITUDES BY DETECTING "ATTITUDE CLUSTERS" WAS DEVELOPED. THIS REPORT DISCUSSES HOW THE MEMBER COMPONENTS OF CLUSTERS MAY BE REPRESENTED AS…

JOHNSON, RAYMOND L.; AND OTHERS

190

Questionnaire survey and environmental measurements that led to smooth implementation of smoking control measures in workplaces.  

PubMed

In order to promote smoking countermeasures in a manufacturing plant, we conducted a questionnaire survey about smoking control measures in workplaces. Twenty nine point five percent of the subjects responded that they were exposed to passive smoking where they worked and that the most common source of passive smoking in the workplace and rest areas was environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) leaking from smoking areas. For smoking control measures, 27.8% of employees preferred a total ban on smoking in the building while 55.2% preferred measures to prevent ETS leakage from smoking areas. Regardless of whether they were smokers or not, 99.2% of respondents believed that passive smoking countermeasures in the workplace were necessary and 88.9% of smokers responded that banning smoking in the building was unavoidable. Based on these results, a total ban on smoking in the building was implemented in those workplaces where it was feasible to do so, smoking areas in the remaining workplaces were upgraded to prevent ETS infiltration, and the effects were evaluated by real-time monitoring of the concentration of suspended particle matter. The questionnaire survey results showed that 79.9% of smokers were interested in smoking cessation, that awareness of the adverse health effects of smoking on the smoker and surrounding non-smokers and the nuisance it caused was significantly lower among smokers compared to non-smokers (p<0.01), and that 65.5% of non-smokers believed that smoking was beneficial to the mental health of smokers, despite the fact that they had no experience of smoking themselves. Reporting these results to the Safety and Health Committee was found to be useful both in ensuring thorough segregation of smoking areas and in supporting smoking cessation programs in places where no previous action had been taken because smoking was viewed as a matter of personal choice. We also believe that provision of accurate information tailored to actual smoking conditions in the workplace is useful in effectively implementing anti-smoking campaigns on the adverse effects of smoking and smoking cessation programs. The implementation of a questionnaire survey and environmental measurements that lead to countermeasures was shown to be effective in establishing designated smoking areas and educational programs for smoking cessation. PMID:16230842

Shimizu, Yuko; Maeda, Ako; Mizoue, Tetsuya; Nakamura, Masakazu; Oshima, Akira; Ogami, Akira; Yamato, Hiroshi

2005-09-01

191

Do health care providers' attitudes towards back pain predict their treatment recommendations? Differential predictive validity of implicit and explicit attitude measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study aimed to measure the differential predictive value of implicit and explicit attitude measures on treatment behaviour of health care providers. Thirty-six physiotherapy students completed a measure of explicit treatment attitude (Pain Attitudes And Beliefs Scale For Physiotherapists—PABS-PT) and a measure of implicit treatment attitude (Extrinsic Affective Simon Task—EAST). Furthermore, they gave treatment recommendations for a patient simulating

R. M. A. Houben; A. Gijsen; J. Peterson; P. J. de Jong; J. W. S. Vlaeyen

2005-01-01

192

Reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance and food behaviours, attitudes, knowledge and environments associated with healthy eating  

PubMed Central

Background Food behaviours, attitudes, environments and knowledge are relevant to professionals in childhood obesity prevention, as are dietary patterns which promote positive energy balance. There is a lack of valid and reliable tools to measure these parameters. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and relative validity of a child nutrition questionnaire assessing all of these parameters, used in the evaluation of a community-based childhood obesity prevention project. Methods The development of the 14-item questionnaire was informed by the aims of the obesity prevention project. A sub-sample of children aged 10–12 years from primary schools involved in the intervention was recruited at the project's baseline data collection (Test 1). Questionnaires were readministered (Test 2) following which students completed a 7-day food diary designed to reflect the questionnaire. Twelve scores were derived to assess consumption of fruit, vegetables, water, noncore foods and sweetened beverages plus food knowledge, behaviours, attitudes and environments. Reliability was assessed using (a) the intra class correlation coefficient (ICC) and 95% confidence intervals to compare scores from Tests 1 and 2 (test-retest reliability) and (b) Cronbach's alpha (internal consistency). Validity was assessed with Spearman correlations, bias and limits of agreement between scores from Test 1 and the 7-day diaries. The Wilcoxon signed rank test checked for significant differences between mean scores. Results One hundred and forty one students consented to the study. Test 2 (n = 134) occurred between eight and 36 days after Test 1. For 10/12 scores ICCs ranged from 0.47–0.66 (p < 0.001) while for two scores ICCs were < 0.4 (p < 0.05). Spearman correlations ranged from 0.34–0.48 (p < 0.01) and Cronbach's alpha 0.50–0.80. Three scores were modified based on this analysis. The Wilcoxon signed rank test found no evidence of a difference between means (p > 0.05) for 10/12 (test-retest reliability) and 3/7 (validity) scores. Conclusion This child nutrition questionnaire is a valid and reliable tool to simultaneously assess dietary patterns associated with positive energy balance, and food behaviours, attitudes and environments in Australian school children aged 10–12 years. Thus it can be used to monitor secular changes in these parameters and measure the effectiveness of this and other obesity prevention projects with similar aims.

Wilson, Annabelle M; Magarey, Anthea M; Mastersson, Nadia

2008-01-01

193

Measuring Practitioner Attitudes toward Evidence-Based Treatments: A Validation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A better understanding of clinicians' attitudes toward evidence-based treatments (EBT) will presumably enhance the transfer of EBTs for substance-abusing adolescents from research to clinical application. The reliability and validity of two measures of therapist attitudes toward EBT were examined: the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scale…

Ashcraft, Rindee G. P.; Foster, Sharon L.; Lowery, Amy E.; Henggeler, Scott W.; Chapman, Jason E.; Rowland, Melisa D.

2011-01-01

194

Improving Attitude Measurement in Vocational Education Research: The Certainty of Response Rating Technique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational education researchers have relied heavily on opinionnaires to measure opinions and attitudes. Usually respondents are asked to indicate their degree of agreement to an attitude or opinion statement. Where significant statistical differences exist for opinions/attitudes there is still always the problem of confidence with which…

bin Yahya, Ismail; Moore, Gary E.

195

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Attitudes Toward Sexist\\/Nonsexist Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite documented, negative effects of sexist language, some people still strongly oppose inclusive language. Their attitudes need study, but existing measures of attitude lack comprehensiveness or validity. This paper reports construction and validation of the 42-item Inventory of Attitudes Toward Sexist\\/Nonsexist Language (IASNL), which is based on a conceptual framework related to beliefs about language, recognition of sexist language, and

Janet B. Parks; Mary Ann Roberton

2000-01-01

196

Dimensions of Verbal Racial Attitudes: Their Identification and Measurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three studies were conducted to explore the organization of verbal attitude toward Negroes. Contrary to widely held assumptions regarding the organization of attitude, the results did not produce components identifiable as cognitive, affective, and conati...

J. J. Woodmansee S. W. Cook

1968-01-01

197

Parents' attitudes towards hepatitis B vaccination for their children. A survey comparing paper and web questionnaires, Sweden 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation, WHO, recommends that most countries should vaccinate all children against hepatitis B. Sweden has chosen not to do so, but the issue is reassessed regularly. The objective of this survey was to assess knowledge and attitudes towards hepatitis B vaccine for children among parents living in Sweden, and to compare distribution of responses and response

Eva Dannetun; Anders Tegnell; Johan Giesecke

2007-01-01

198

Development of a Scale to Measure Attitudes toward Inclusive Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to scale the Attitudes Toward Inclusive Education Scale (ATIES) with Rasch analysis. The ATIES records positive and negative attitudes toward integrating children with various disabilities into regular classes. Rasch analysis resolved the nonlinear relationship between the finite range of recorded ATIES scores and the conceptually infinite range of attitudes. Results showed that the 16-item scale defined

Felicia L. Wilczenski

1995-01-01

199

Correlation between adherence rates measured by MEMS and self-reported questionnaires: a meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: It is vital to understand the associations between the medication event monitoring systems (MEMS) and self-reported questionnaires (SRQs) because both are often used to measure medication adherence and can produce different results. In addition, the economic implication of using alternative measures is important as the cost of electronic monitoring devices is not covered by insurance, while self-reports are the

Lizheng Shi; Jinan Liu; Vivian Fonseca; Philip Walker; Anupama Kalsekar; Manjiri Pawaskar

2010-01-01

200

Development and Validation of the Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire: A Measure of Emotional Intelligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the psychometric characteristics of the Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire (ESQ), a self-report measure of emotional intelligence. The ESQ, Emotional Intelligence Scale, and measures of alexithymia, positive negative affect, personality, cognitive ability, life satisfaction, and leadership aspirations were administered to…

Killian, Kyle D.

2012-01-01

201

VALIDATION OF A FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE BY DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF HABITUAL AD LIBITUM FOOD INTAKE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Background: Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) are a common technique used to assess habitual food intake. Although FFQs are thought to be susceptible to measurement error, the amount of error and the effectiveness of correction factors are unknown. Objective: To detect measurement error in FFQ pr...

202

Relations among behavioral and questionnaire measures of impulsivity in a sample of suicide attempters.  

PubMed

Despite the focus on impulsivity within suicide research, it remains unclear the extent to which impulsivity assessments, that purportedly tap similar constructs, show significant overlap in samples of individuals with suicidal behaviors. In a sample of 69 suicide attempters, we took a multitrait, multimethod approach to examine the relation among various questionnaire and behavioral assessments of impulsivity facets. With the exception of urgency and go-stop performance, there was little evidence of concordance between questionnaire and behavioral measures. These findings suggest researchers cannot presume that measures of "impulsivity" assess similar psychological processes and that more nuanced terminology is needed. PMID:23601164

Bagge, Courtney L; Littlefield, Andrew K; Rosellini, Anthony J; Coffey, Scott F

2013-04-22

203

Assessment of Questionnaires Measuring Quality of Life in Infertile Couples: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Infertility has potentially inappropriate effects on quality of life in infertile couples. Various general and specific questionnaires have been structured for assessing different aspects of quality of life in infertile men, women, or couples. The present systematic review was designed to assess these questionnaires and also identify different factors affecting infertile couples based on the aforesaid questionnaires. Methods The research strategy involved general and specific terms in relation to couples's infertility and their quality of life. A review was done for studies published from 1982 to 2012 that were indexed in Medline, ISI Web of Science and Scopus as well as abstract books on this subject. We also corresponded with the authors of the references in related studies for introducing more resources and references. Results In all reviewed studies, different aspects of the quality of life in couples were evaluated including sexual, psychological, social, communicational, environmental, occupational, medical, as well as economical ones. In total, after initial screening of all studies, 10 general and 2 specific questionnaires were retrieved. Although no meta-analysis was found in the review, infertility had a negative effect on quality of life in couples. Conclusion This study revealed that some general questionnaires such as SF-36 and WHO-QOL were mostly used for assessing quality of life in infertile couples and some specific questionnaires such as FERTI-QoL and Fertility Problem Inventory were rarely used. Thus, it seems that the evaluation of quality of life in infertile couples needs valid instruments for measurement.

Mousavi, Seyyed Abbas; Masoumi, Seyyedeh Zahra; Keramat, Afsaneh; Pooralajal, Jalal; Shobeiri, Fatemeh

2013-01-01

204

Attitude measurement: Judging the emotional intensity of likert-type science attitude statements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Emotional intensity, that readiness of a teacher to respond favorably or unfavorably toward such psychological objects as science or the teaching of science, is the quality that distinguishes the attitude concept from other related psychological concepts. It would seem, then, that valid attitude statements, if they are to reflect the definition of attitude, would evoke emotional intensity, responses in both a favorable and unfavorable direction by a group of teachers on each item on a science attitude scale. Science educators who design or modify science attitude scales should continue using item-total correlations and other quantitative techniques to test for emotional intensity, but qualitative judgments are necessary, too. In addition, the frequency distribution of data generated by each statement should be examined for skewness and high percentages of neutral responses, both of which can impair the emotional intensity of an item.

Shrigley, Robert L.; Koballa, Thomas R., Jr.

205

Self-Generated Validity and Other Effects of Measurement on Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing from recent developments in social cognition, cognitive psychology, and behavioral decision theory, we analyzed when and how the act of measuring beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors affects observed correlations among them. Belief, attitude, or intention can be created by measurement if the measured constructs do not already exist in long-term memory. The responses thus created can have directive effects

Jack M. Feldman; John G. Lynch

1988-01-01

206

Relations between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior: evidence of moderation by individual difference variables.  

PubMed

The moderating role of individual difference variables (Self-Reported Habit Index [SRHI], Need for Cognition [NFC]) on relationships between implicit (Implicit Association Test [IAT], Extrinsic Affective Simon Test [EAST]) or explicit measures of attitude and behavior is assessed in two studies. A dissociation pattern is found on self-report diary measures of behavior. In Study 1, the EAST-behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude-behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. In Study 2, the IAT-behavior relationship is moderated by SRHI; explicit measures of the attitude-behavior relationship are moderated by NFC. Higher levels of SRHI and NFC are associated with stronger relationships between the implicit or explicit measures of attitude and the measure of behavior. In Study 2, the SRHI x IAT interaction is replicated for an objective behavior measure. Implications for understanding the relationship between implicit and explicit measures of attitudes and measures of behavior are discussed. PMID:18000106

Conner, Mark T; Perugini, Marco; O'Gorman, Rick; Ayres, Karen; Prestwich, Andrew

2007-12-01

207

Measuring attitude towards Buddhism and Sikhism: internal consistency reliability for two new instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and discusses the development and empirical properties of two new 24-item scales – one measuring attitude towards Buddhism and the other measuring attitude towards Sikhism. The scale is designed to facilitate inter-faith comparisons within the psychology of religion alongside the well-established Francis Scale of Attitude towards Christianity. Data were obtained from a multi-religious sample of 369 school

Phra Nicholas Thanissaro

2011-01-01

208

Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide and Life-Prolonging Measures in Swiss ALS Patients and Their Caregivers  

PubMed Central

Objectives: In Switzerland, assisted suicide (AS) is legal, provided that the person seeking assistance has decisional capacity and the person assisting is not motivated by reasons of self-interest. However, in this particular setting nothing is known about patients’ and their caregivers’ attitudes toward AS and life-prolonging measures. Methods: Data was retrieved through validated questionnaires and personal interviews in 33 patients and their caregivers covering the following domains: physical function according to the revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R), demographic data, quality of life, anxiety, depression, social situation, spirituality, burden of disease, life-prolonging, and life-shortening acts. Results: In patients the median time after diagnosis was 9?months (2–90) and the median Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) FRS-R score was 37 (22–48). The majority of patients (94%; n?=?31) had no desire to hasten death. Patients’ and caregivers’ attitudes toward Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) and Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) differed. Significantly more patients than caregivers (21.2 versus 3.1%) stated that they were against NIV (p?=?0.049) and against PEG (27.3 versus 3.1%; p?=?0.031). Answers regarding tracheotomy were not significantly different (p?=?0.139). Caregivers scored significantly higher levels of “suffering” (p?=?0.007), “loneliness” (p?=?0.006), and “emotional distress” answering the questionnaires (p?

Stutzki, Ralf; Schneider, Ursula; Reiter-Theil, Stella; Weber, Markus

2012-01-01

209

Attitudes Toward Assisted Suicide and Life-Prolonging Measures in Swiss ALS Patients and Their Caregivers.  

PubMed

Objectives: In Switzerland, assisted suicide (AS) is legal, provided that the person seeking assistance has decisional capacity and the person assisting is not motivated by reasons of self-interest. However, in this particular setting nothing is known about patients' and their caregivers' attitudes toward AS and life-prolonging measures. Methods: Data was retrieved through validated questionnaires and personal interviews in 33 patients and their caregivers covering the following domains: physical function according to the revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R), demographic data, quality of life, anxiety, depression, social situation, spirituality, burden of disease, life-prolonging, and life-shortening acts. Results: In patients the median time after diagnosis was 9?months (2-90) and the median Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) FRS-R score was 37 (22-48). The majority of patients (94%; n?=?31) had no desire to hasten death. Patients' and caregivers' attitudes toward Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) and Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) differed. Significantly more patients than caregivers (21.2 versus 3.1%) stated that they were against NIV (p?=?0.049) and against PEG (27.3 versus 3.1%; p?=?0.031). Answers regarding tracheotomy were not significantly different (p?=?0.139). Caregivers scored significantly higher levels of "suffering" (p?=?0.007), "loneliness" (p?=?0.006), and "emotional distress" answering the questionnaires (p?

Stutzki, Ralf; Schneider, Ursula; Reiter-Theil, Stella; Weber, Markus

2012-10-25

210

Reference group effects in the measurement of personality and attitudes.  

PubMed

Reference-group effects (discovered in cross-cultural settings) occur when responses to self-report items are based not on respondents' absolute level of a construct but rather on their level relative to a salient comparison group. In this article, we examine the impact of reference-group effects on the assessment of self-reported personality and attitudes. Two studies illustrate that a reference-group effect can be induced by small changes to instruction sets, changes that mirror the instruction sets of commonly used measures of personality. Scales that specified different reference groups showed substantial reductions in criterion-related validities for academic performance, self-reported counterproductive behaviors, and self-reported health outcomes relative to reference-group-free versions of those scales. PMID:20706925

Credé, Marcus; Bashshur, Michael; Niehorster, Sarah

2010-09-01

211

Factor Structure of the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire and Measurement Invariance across Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Applied confirmatory factor analysis in a test of alternative factor models and measurement invariance across gender groups, using data from the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire focusing on shyness, high-intensity pleasure, activity level, attention, irritability, and fear. Found that factor models based on composite indicators showed…

Kim, Sooyeon; Brody, Gene H.; Murry, Velma McBride

2003-01-01

212

Colorado Learning Difficulties Questionnaire: Validation of a Parent-Report Screening Measure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study evaluated the internal structure and convergent and discriminant evidence for the Colorado Learning Difficulties Questionnaire (CLDQ), a 20-item parent-report rating scale that was developed to provide a brief screening measure for learning difficulties. CLDQ ratings were obtained from parents of children in 2 large community samples…

Willcutt, Erik G.; Boada, Richard; Riddle, Margaret W.; Chhabildas, Nomita; DeFries, John C.; Pennington, Bruce F.

2011-01-01

213

Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated…

Fresco, David M.; Moore, Michael T.; van Dulmen, Manfred H. M.; Segal, Zindel V.; Ma, S. Helen; Teasdale, John D.; Williams, J. Mark G.

2007-01-01

214

Measuring physical activity in field studies: Comparison of a questionnaire, 24-hour recall and an accelerometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a field setting, we compared a physical activity questionnaire (SQUASH), a 24-hour recall measure (Physical Activity Scale; PAS), and an accelerometer to: (1) quantify the amount of time spent in light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity; (2) calculate activity scores; and (3) categorize participants by physical activity tertiles. For 7 consecutive days, 103 participants (61% males, 39% females; mean

Lydia Kwak; Stef P. J. Kremers; Johannes Brug; Marleen A. Van Baak

2007-01-01

215

Measuring Adjustment to College: Construct Validity of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study employed confirmatory factor analysis to examine the quality of fit of two measurement models of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (N = 305). Following the observation of poor fit, exploratory factor analysis was used. Results indicated six factors that account for the variance in Student Adaptation to College…

Feldt, Ronald C.; Graham, Melody; Dew, Dennis

2011-01-01

216

Role category questionnaire measures of cognitive complexity: Reliability and comparability of alternative forms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The measure of cognitive complexity (construct differentiation) based on the standard two?peer version of Crockett's Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) was found to have high four?week test?retest reliability under conditions of either strict enforcement of a time limit for completion of the RCQ (\\

Daniel J. OKeefe; Gregory J. Shepherd; Thomas Streeter

1982-01-01

217

A thoughtful appraisal of measuring cognition using the role category questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

One assumption of the Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) as a measure of cognitive complexity is that the sample of constructs it elicits represents a stable feature of individual difference. Two experiments investigating the RCQ's stability were conducted. Results for Study 1 demonstrated that changing RCQ instructions elicits a significantly greater amount of constructs compared to previous studies. Study 2 also

Mike Allen; Edward A. Mabry; Mary Banski; Marjorie Stoneman; Paul Carter

1990-01-01

218

Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research  

PubMed Central

Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases), we performed reliability and exploratory factor analyses, and correlated the 16-item instrument with external measures such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire, and autonomic regulation questionnaire. Results The 16-item pool had a very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948) and satisfying/good (rrt = 0.796) test-retest reliability after 3 months. Exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 sub-constructs: (1) Ability to change behaviour in order to reach goals, and (2) Achieve satisfaction and well-being. Both sub-scales correlated well with quality of life aspects, particularly with Initiative Power/Interest, Social Interactions, Mental Balance, and negatively with anxiety and depression. Conclusions The Self Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) was found to be a valid and reliable tool which measures unique psychosomatic abilities. Self regulation deals with competence and autonomy and can be regarded as a problem solving capacity in terms of an active adaptation to stressful situations to restore wellbeing. The tool is an interesting option to be used particularly in complementary medicine research with a focus on behavioural modification.

2009-01-01

219

Measurement of Victimization in Adolescence: Development and Validation of the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study presents evaluative data on the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire (CEVQ), a brief, self-report measure of youth victimization. Methods: Literature reviews, expert consultations and qualitative interviews informed the development of the CEVQ. Test-retest reliability of the preliminary and final versions of the…

Walsh, Christine A.; MacMillan, Harriet L.; Trocme, Nico; Jamieson, Ellen; Boyle, Michael H.

2008-01-01

220

Measurement Equivalence across Racial/Ethnic Groups of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire for Childhood Depression  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As research continues to document differences in the prevalence of mental health problems such as depression across racial/ethnic groups, the issue of measurement equivalence becomes increasingly important to address. The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) is a widely used screening tool for child and adolescent depression. This study applied…

Banh, My K.; Crane, Paul K.; Rhew, Isaac; Gudmundsen, Gretchen; Stoep, Ann Vander; Lyon, Aaron; McCauley, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

221

Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one’s thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated the factor structure of the EQ in both

David M. Fresco; Michael T. Moore; Manfred H. M. van Dulmen; Zindel V. Segal; S. Helen Ma; John D. Teasdale; J. Mark G. Williams

2007-01-01

222

An Investigation of Measurement Invariance Across Genders on the Overexcitability Questionnaire–Two  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Overexcitability Questionnaire–Two (OEQII) is a quantitative instrument for assessing overexcitabilities as they are described in Dabrowski’s theory of positive disintegration. This article uses multigroup confirmatory factor analysis to examine the measurement invariance of OEQII scores across genders. Results indicate that raw OEQII scores cannot be compared across genders. Caution should be used in interpreting OEQII scores.

Russell T. Warne

2011-01-01

223

An Investigation of Measurement Invariance across Genders on the Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two (OEQII) is a quantitative instrument for assessing overexcitabilities as they are described in Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration. This article uses multigroup confirmatory factor analysis to examine the measurement invariance of OEQII scores across genders. Results indicate that raw OEQII scores…

Warne, Russell T.

2011-01-01

224

Measuring the Relationship between Two Questionnaires: A Comment on Burt (2005)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a series of publications, the author and his colleagues have obtained scores from students in higher education on different questionnaires, and they have described the relationships among these scores using the statistic known as Wilks' [lambda]. Burt (2005) has criticized that the use of this measure is inappropriate, arguing (1) that the…

Richardson, John T. E.

2007-01-01

225

The development of the Game Engagement Questionnaire: A measure of engagement in video game-playing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep engagement in video game-playing has the potential to be to be one important determinant of the impact of playing violent video games, but there are currently no reliable measures of this subjective experience. To fill this gap, the Game Engagement Questionnaire (GEQ) was developed using both classical and Rasch analyses. In Study 1 Rasch analyses provide support for the

Jeanne H. Brockmyer; Christine M. Fox; Kathleen A. Curtiss; Evan McBroom; Kimberly M. Burkhart; Jacquelyn N. Pidruzny

2009-01-01

226

Measuring Adjustment to College: Construct Validity of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study employed confirmatory factor analysis to examine the quality of fit of two measurement models of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire (N = 305). Following the observation of poor fit, exploratory factor analysis was used. Results indicated six factors that account for the variance in Student Adaptation to College…

Feldt, Ronald C.; Graham, Melody; Dew, Dennis

2011-01-01

227

How do I measure physical activity in my patients? Questionnaires and objective methods.  

PubMed

How do healthcare providers know if their patients are getting enough physical activity to promote good health and to reduce their risks of chronic diseases and injury? The first step is to identify the patient's current level of physical activity using questionnaires and/or motion sensors. Questionnaires assess activity levels by having patients answer a set of questions about the types and amounts of activity performed at some time in the past. Motion sensors assess physical activity by patients wearing a small monitoring device that records their body movement as it occurs. If a provider is interested in determining a patient's caloric energy expenditure, he/she can apply statistical regression models to the questionnaire and motion sensor data to estimate kilocalories. If more precise measures of energy expenditure are desired, a provider can use the isotopic doubly labelled water method to estimate kilocalories; however, this method is costly and is impractical in non-research clinical settings. PMID:18718977

Ainsworth, B E

2008-08-21

228

Family physicians' diagnostic gut feelings are measurable: construct validation of a questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Family physicians perceive that gut feelings, i.e. a ‘sense of reassurance’ or a ‘sense of alarm’, play a substantial role in diagnostic reasoning. A measuring instrument is desirable for further research. Our objective is to validate a questionnaire measuring the presence of gut feelings in diagnostic reasoning. Methods We constructed 16 case vignettes from real practice situations and used the accompanying ‘sense of reassurance’ or the ‘sense of alarm’ as reference labels. Based on the results of an initial study (26 family physicians), we divided the case vignettes into a group involving a clear role for the sense of reassurance or the sense of alarm and a group involving an ambiguous role. 49 experienced family physicians evaluated each 10 vignettes using the questionnaire. Construct validity was assessed by testing hypotheses and an internal consistency procedure was performed. Results As hypothesized we found that the correlations between the reference labels and corresponding items were high for the clear-case vignettes (0.59 – 0.72) and low for the ambiguous-case vignettes (0.08 – 0.23). The agreement between the classification in clear sense of reassurance, clear sense of alarm and ambiguous case vignettes as derived from the initial study and the study population’s judgments was substantial (Kappa = 0.62). Factor analysis showed one factor with opposites for sense of reassurance and sense of alarm items. The questionnaire’s internal consistency was high (0.91). We provided a linguistic validated English-language text of the questionnaire. Conclusions The questionnaire appears to be valid. It enables quantitative research into the role of gut feelings and their diagnostic value in family physicians’ diagnostic reasoning.

2013-01-01

229

Developing a Scale to Measure Season Ticket Holder Attitudes Towards the Professional Sports Club Offering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the importance of season ticket holders (STH) to sporting organisations, we empirically examine a scale for measuring their attitudes to the season ticket product. This involved identifying through qualitative research and past literature, the various elements that are perceived to comprise the season ticket package and developing items to measure STH attitudes to them. The season ticket package was

Adam Karg; Heath McDonald; Andrea Vocino

230

Attitudes Toward Parents and Institutional Authorities During Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes toward parents and institutional authorities during adolescence were studied to determine their interrelationship and age trends. School children aged 13–17 years (N = 157) completed questionnaires measuring attitudes toward the police, teachers, the army, and the law, and concerning their own parents and parents in general. Moderate positive correlations were found between attitudes toward parents and toward authorities. However,

K. Rigby; E. E. Rump

1981-01-01

231

Determinants of Students' Attitudes towards Peers with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: To explore factors associated with students' attitudes towards their peers with disabilities. Method: All 7th grade students (aged 12-13y) from 12 schools in the Toulouse area were invited to participate (n = 1509). Attitudes were measured using the Chedoke-McMaster Attitudes Towards Children with Handicaps (CATCH) questionnaire (affective,…

Vignes, Celine; Godeau, Emmanuelle; Sentenac, Mariane; Coley, Nicola; Navarro, Felix; Grandjean, Helene; Arnaud, Catherine

2009-01-01

232

Predicting voting behavior with implicit attitude measures: the 2002 German parliamentary election.  

PubMed

Implicit measures of attitudes are commonly seen to be primarily capable of predicting spontaneous behavior. However, evidence exists that these measures can also improve the prediction of more deliberate behavior. In a prospective study we tested the hypothesis that Implicit Association Test (IAT) measures of the five major political parties in Germany would improve the prediction of voting behavior over and above explicit self-report measures in the 2002 parliamentary elections. Additionally we tested whether general interest in politics moderates the relationship between explicit and implicit attitude measures. The results support our hypotheses. Implications for predictive models of explicitly and implicitly measured attitudes are discussed. PMID:17953144

Friese, Malte; Bluemke, Matthias; Wänke, Michaela

2007-01-01

233

[Dimensions of parental rearing styles in alcohol dependent patients: first results of the questionnaire on parental attitudes and rearing practices (FEPS)].  

PubMed

To date no instrument for the assessment of parenting styles is available in the German -language area that has been validated in patients with addictive disorders. Therefore the aim of this study was the confirmatory evaluation of the factor structure of the Questionnaire on Parental Attitudes and Rearing Practices (FEPS) in 186 alcohol dependent patients. The model as proposed by the test developers with the 4 factors Care, Autonomy, Low Punishment, and Low Material Reinforcement showed acceptable fit when residual correlations were allowed (mother: ?(2)/df=1,92, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,79; father: ?(2)/df=1,75, RMSEA=0,07, TLI=0,82). All factors showed sufficient factor reliabilities as well as good to very good internal consistencies. Factor loadings, discriminations and difficulties of the indicators could be regarded as good, with the exception of 2 items. These results indicate the factorial validity of the FEPS in patients with alcohol dependence. PMID:23446826

Lotzin, Annett; Kriston, Levente; Richter-Appelt, Hertha; Leichsenring, Irina; Ramsauer, Brigitte; Schäfer, Ingo

2013-02-27

234

The Measurement and Structure of Human Rights Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of the structure of attitudes toward human rights among 619 college-age students and adults. Discusses attitudes related to nationalism, patriotism, internationalism, belief in world government, and support for civil liberties. Discusses findings in light of existing conceptualizations regarding human rights. (CFR)

Diaz-Veizades, Jeannette; And Others

1995-01-01

235

Reliability and validity of a new measure of patient satisfaction with out of hours primary medical care in the United Kingdom: development of a patient questionnaire.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable, valid measure of patient satisfaction with out of hours care suitable for large scale service evaluation. DESIGN: Focus group meetings and semistructured interviews with patients to identify issues of importance to patients and possible questionnaire items; interviews and two pilot studies to test and identify new questionnaire items; modification or removal of items to eliminate ambiguity and reduce non-response and skewed responses; questionnaire survey of out of hours care. SETTING: Greater Manchester and Leicester. SUBJECTS: 11 general practice patients participated in the focus groups and 28 in the semistructured interviews; 41 in the preliminary interviews; 41 and 378 in the postal pilots; and 1466 in the survey of out of hours care. RESULTS: A 32 item questionnaire was developed. Component analysis indicated seven scales (satisfaction with communication and management, doctor's attitude, continuity of care, delay until visit, access to out of hours care, initial contact person, telephone advice) related to overall satisfaction and containing issues identified as important to patients. Levels of reliability were satisfactory, Cronbach's alpha correlation coefficient exceeding 0.60 for all scales. CONCLUSION: A reliable, valid measure of patient satisfaction has been developed, suitable for large scale evaluation of out of hours care.

McKinley, R. K.; Manku-Scott, T.; Hastings, A. M.; French, D. P.; Baker, R.

1997-01-01

236

Measuring Attitudes in Research on Residential Self?Selection and Travel Behaviour: A Review of Theories and Empirical Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical studies that include travel?related attitudes to identify the role of residential self?selection in the relationship between the built environment and travel behaviour display a wide variety in the type of attitudes that they include, the relationships between the variables that they analyse and the ways they measure attitude. This paper discusses what theories on attitudes and behaviour can contribute

Wendy Bohte; Kees Maat; Bert van Wee

2009-01-01

237

Establishing Measurement Invariance: English and Spanish Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background Registered nurses and nurse researchers often use questionnaires to measure patient outcomes. When questionnaires or other multiple item instruments have been developed using a relatively homogeneous sample, the suitability of even a psychometrically well-developed instrument for the new population comes into question. Bias or lack of equivalence can be introduced into instruments through differences in perceptions of the meaning of the measured items, constructs, or both, in the two groups. Objective To explain measurement invariance and illustrate how it can be tested using the English and Spanish versions of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ). Method A sample of 607 children from the Phoenix Children's Hospital Breathmobile was selected for this analysis. Ages were 6 to 18 years in age; 61.2% completed the PAQLQ in Spanish. Testing measurement invariance using multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, a series of hierarchical nested models, is demonstrated. In assessing the adequacy of the fit of each model at each stage, both ?2 tests and goodness-of-fit indexes were used. Results The test of measurement invariance for the one-factor model showed that the English and Spanish versions of the scale met the criteria for measurement invariance. The level of strict invariance (equal factor loadings, intercepts, and residual variances between groups) was achieved. Discussion Confirmatory factor analysis is used to evaluate the structural integrity of a measurement instrument; multiple confirmatory factor analyses are used to assess measurement invariance across different groups, and to stamp the data as valid or invalid. The PAQLQ, a widely used instrument having evidence to support reliability and validity was used separately in English- and Spanish-speaking groups. Traditional methods for evaluating measurement instruments have been less than thorough, and this paper demonstrates a well-developed approach allowing for confident comparisons between populations.

Sousa, Karen H.; West, Stephen G.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Harris, Judy A.; Cook, Susanne W.

2012-01-01

238

Distinguishing automatic and controlled components of attitudes from direct and indirect measurement methods  

PubMed Central

Distinct automatic and controlled processes are presumed to influence social evaluation. Most empirical approaches examine automatic processes using indirect methods, and controlled processes using direct methods. We distinguished processes from measurement methods to test whether a process distinction is more useful than a measurement distinction for taxonomies of attitudes. Results from two studies suggest that automatic components of attitudes can be measured directly. Direct measures of automatic attitudes were reports of gut reactions (Study 1) and behavioral performance in a speeded self-report task (Study 2). Confirmatory factor analyses comparing two-factor models revealed better fits when self-reports of gut reactions and speeded self-reports shared a factor with automatic measures versus sharing a factor with controlled self-report measures. Thus, distinguishing attitudes by the processes they are presumed to measure (automatic vs. controlled) is more meaningful than distinguishing based on the directness of measurement.

Ranganath, Kate A.; Smith, Colin Tucker; Nosek, Brian A.

2008-01-01

239

Questionnaire severity measures for depression: a threat to the doctor-patient relationship?  

PubMed Central

Background Since 2006 the Quality Outcomes Framework (QOF) has rewarded GPs for carrying out standardised assessments of the severity of symptoms of depression in newly diagnosed patients. Aim To gain understanding of GPs' opinions and perceived impact on practice of the routine introduction of standardised questionnaire measures of severity of depression through the UK general practice contract QOF. Design of study Semi-structured qualitative interview study, with purposive sampling and constant comparative analysis. Setting Thirty-four GPs from among 38 study general practices in three sites in England, UK: Southampton, Liverpool, and Norfolk. Method GPs were interviewed at a time convenient to them by trained interviewers. Interviews were audiorecorded and transcribed verbatim in preparation for thematic analysis, to identify key views. Results Analysis of the interviews suggested that the use of severity questionnaires posed an intrusion into the consultation. GPs discursively polarised two technologies: formal assessment versus personal enquiry, emphasising the need to ensure the scores are used sensitively and as an aid to clinical judgement rather than as a substitute. Importantly, these challenges implicitly served a function of preserving GPs' identities as professionals with expertise, constructed as integral to the process of diagnosis. Conclusion GP accounts indicated concern about threats to patient care. Contention between using severity questionnaires and delivering individualised patient care is significantly motivated by GP concerns to preserve professional expertise and identity. It is important to learn from GP concerns to help establish how best to optimise the use of severity questionnaires in depression.

Leydon, Geraldine M; Dowrick, Christopher F; McBride, Anita S; Burgess, Hana J; Howe, Amanda C; Clarke, Pamela D; Maisey, Susan P; Kendrick, Tony

2011-01-01

240

Development and validation of a questionnaire to measure research involvement among registered dietitians.  

PubMed

Research involvement among registered dietitians (RDs) is important in advancing dietetics practice and ensuring high-quality and cost-effective health care. There are no standardized approaches to measuring levels of research involvement. The aim of the study was to develop a standardized measure of research involvement and test its validity and reliability among RDs. The Research Involvement Questionnaire (RIQ) was developed and underwent content validation, resulting in a content validity index of 0.92. A postal questionnaire survey of RDs was undertaken at two time points. RDs were purposively selected and, based on their number of publications and grants, were assigned by the authors to one of four levels of research involvement: evidence-based practice, collaborating on research, leading research, and leadership in research. Of 192 questionnaires mailed, 111 RDs (58%) returned the first RIQ, of whom 82 (74%) also returned the second RIQ. Total scores and scores for each level were higher for RDs with higher levels of research involvement (P<0.001). RDs assigned by the RIQ to higher levels of research involvement had higher qualifications; were qualified for longer; and had greater evidence of research output, including journal publications and grants (P<0.001). There was excellent internal consistency as measured using Cronbach's coefficient (?=.98). The level of research involvement assigned by the RIQ and by the purposive selection process agreed on 76% of occasions, indicating substantial agreement beyond chance (?=0.67; P<0.001). The level of research involvement assigned by the RIQ at two time points agreed on 86% of occasions, indicating almost perfect agreement beyond chance (?=0.81; P<0.001). A valid and reliable questionnaire has been developed to measure research involvement among RDs, providing a useful tool for evaluating and supporting members of the profession to become more involved in research. PMID:23219596

Whelan, Kevin; Copeland, Emma; Oladitan, Leah; Murrells, Trevor; Gandy, Joan

2012-12-07

241

Measuring Implicit Attitudes of 4-Year-Olds: The Preschool Implicit Association Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Preschool Implicit Association Test (PSIAT) is an adaptation of an established social cognition measure (IAT) for use with preschool children. Two studies with 4-year-olds found that the PSIAT was effective in evaluating (a) attitudes toward commonly liked objects ("flowers"="good") and (b) gender attitudes ("girl"="good" or "boy"="good").…

Cvencek, Dario; Greenwald, Anthony G.; Meltzoff, Andrew N.

2011-01-01

242

The Development of a Psychometrically-Sound Instrument to Measure Teachers' Multidimensional Attitudes toward Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Multidimensional Attitudes toward Inclusive Education Scale" (MATIES) was developed to effectively measure affective, cognitive and behavioural aspects of attitudes, within the realm of inclusive education that includes physical, social and curricular inclusion. Models within Item Response Theory and Classical Test Theory were used for…

Mahat, Marian

2008-01-01

243

Does Japan really have robot mania? Comparing attitudes by implicit and explicit measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan has more robots than any other country with robots contributing to many areas of society, including manufacturing, healthcare, and entertainment. However, few studies have examined Japanese attitudes toward robots, and none has used implicit measures. This study compares attitudes among the faculty of a US and a Japanese university. Although the Japanese faculty reported many more experiences with robots,

Karl F. Macdorman; Sandosh K. Vasudevan; Chin-chang Ho

2009-01-01

244

Knowledge, Skills, and Attitudes of Preservice and Inservice Teachers in Educational Measurement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Optimal outcomes of the educational assessment of students require that teachers should have adequate knowledge of, strong skills in, and favourable attitudes toward educational measurement. The present study investigated differences between preservice and inservice teachers' knowledge of, perceived skills in, and attitudes toward educational…

Alkharusi, Hussain; Kazem, Ali Mahdi; Al-Musawai, Ali

2011-01-01

245

General and Specific Measures of Attitudes Toward Early Release of Criminal Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

While some previous reports have shown Canadian public support for the principle of conditional release for criminal offenders, others appear to show very punitive attitudes. To reconcile these, two methods of determining opinions were compared. Subjects answered a set of global questions measuring attitudes toward the criminal justice system, and they also made decisions about a set of hypothetical offenders

JENNIFER CUMBERLAND; EDWARD ZAMBLE

1992-01-01

246

Measuring attitudes toward grievance systems: A procedural justice perspective applied to the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contractual grievance procedures have long been utilized in union-management relationships to resolve workplace disputes. Little research attention, however, has focused on determining unionized workers' perceptions of and attitudes about such procedures. This study develops an instrument designed to measure worker attitudes toward the grievance procedure (ATGP). The survey items and conceptual framework are based on prior research in the areas

Thomas J. Pavlak; Paul F. Clark; Daniel G. Gallagher

1992-01-01

247

Measuring Affect, Behavior and Cognition for Modeling Disaster Risk Attitudes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The researchers modeled disaster risk attitudes using top down and bottom up approaches. Top down, they constructed an attitudinal model to comprise of affect, behavior and cognition (ABC). Bottom-up, they mined ABC semantics from narratives of disaster e...

H. M. Khalid M. G. Helander

2012-01-01

248

Dimensionality in the measurement of authoritarian and political attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Administered 300 items from major inventories of authoritarian and political attitudes (e.g., the Rokeach Dogmatism Scale) to 135 undergraduates. The 300 items were reduced to 77 by selecting those with major factor loadings. Refactoring the 77 produced 25 1st-order factors and 10 2nd-order factors. The 1st-order factors typically referred to groupings of specific attitudes while 2nd-order factors referred to broad

Wayne Poley

1974-01-01

249

MEASURING WORKLOAD OF ICU NURSES WITH A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY: THE NASA TASK LOAD INDEX (TLX).  

PubMed

High workload of nurses in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has been identified as a major patient safety and worker stress problem. However, relative little attention has been dedicated to the measurement of workload in healthcare. The objectives of this study are to describe and examine several methods to measure workload of ICU nurses. We then focus on the measurement of ICU nurses' workload using a subjective rating instrument: the NASA TLX.We conducted secondary data analysis on data from two, multi-side, cross-sectional questionnaire studies to examine several instruments to measure ICU nurses' workload. The combined database contains the data from 757 ICU nurses in 8 hospitals and 21 ICUs.Results show that the different methods to measure workload of ICU nurses, such as patient-based and operator-based workload, are only moderately correlated, or not correlated at all. Results show further that among the operator-based instruments, the NASA TLX is the most reliable and valid questionnaire to measure workload and that NASA TLX can be used in a healthcare setting. Managers of hospitals and ICUs can benefit from the results of this research as it provides benchmark data on workload experienced by nurses in a variety of ICUs. PMID:22773941

Hoonakker, Peter; Carayon, Pascale; Gurses, Ayse; Brown, Roger; McGuire, Kerry; Khunlertkit, Adjhaporn; Walker, James M

2011-10-12

250

Community pharmacist attitudes towards collaboration with general practitioners: development and validation of a measure and a model  

PubMed Central

Background Community Pharmacists and General Practitioners (GPs) are increasingly being encouraged to adopt more collaborative approaches to health care delivery as collaboration in primary care has been shown to be effective in improving patient outcomes. However, little is known about pharmacist attitudes towards collaborating with their GP counterparts and variables that influence this interprofessional collaboration. This study aims to develop and validate 1) an instrument to measure pharmacist attitudes towards collaboration with GPs and 2) a model that illustrates how pharmacist attitudes (and other variables) influence collaborative behaviour with GPs. Methods A questionnaire containing the newly developed “Attitudes Towards Collaboration Instrument for Pharmacists” (ATCI-P) and a previously validated behavioural measure “Frequency of Interprofessional Collaboration Instrument for Pharmacists” (FICI-P) was administered to a sample of 1215 Australian pharmacists. The ATCI-P was developed based on existing literature and qualitative interviews with GPs and community pharmacists. Principal Component Analysis was used to assess the structure of the ATCI-P and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used to assess the internal consistency of the instrument. Structural equation modelling was used to determine how pharmacist attitudes (as measured by the ATCI-P) and other variables, influence collaborative behaviour (as measured by the FICI-P). Results Four hundred and ninety-two surveys were completed and returned for a response rate of 40%. Principal Component Analysis revealed the ATCI-P consisted of two factors: ‘interactional determinants’ and ‘practitioner determinants’, both with good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha?=?.90 and .93 respectively). The model demonstrated adequate fit (?2/df?=?1.89, CFI?=?.955, RMSEA?=?.062, 90% CI [.049-.074]) and illustrated that ‘interactional determinants’ was the strongest predictor of collaboration and was in turn influenced by ‘practitioner determinants’. The extent of the pharmacist’s contact with physicians during their pre-registration training was also found to be a significant predictor of collaboration (B?=?.23, SE?=?.43, p <.001). Conclusions The results of the study provide evidence for the validity of the ATCI-P in measuring pharmacist attitudes towards collaboration with GPs and support a model of collaboration, from the pharmacist’s perspective, in which collaborative behaviour is influenced directly by ‘interactional’ and ‘environmental determinants’, and indirectly by ‘practitioner determinants’.

2012-01-01

251

Attitude of young psychiatrists toward coercive measures in psychiatry: a case vignette study in Japan  

PubMed Central

Background Every psychiatrist must pay careful attention to avoid violating human rights when initiating coercive treatments such as seclusion and restraint. However, these interventions are indispensable in clinical psychiatry, and they are often used as strategies to treat agitated patients. In this study, we investigated young psychiatrists' attitudes toward psychiatric coercive measures. Methods A total of 183 young psychiatrists participated as subjects in our study. A questionnaire with a case vignette describing a patient with acute psychosis was sent to the study subjects via the Internet or by mail. This questionnaire included scoring the necessity for hospitalization, and the likelihood of prescribing seclusion and/or restraint, on a 9-point Likert scale (with 9 indicating strong agreement). Results There was general agreement among the study subjects that the case should be admitted to a hospital (8.91 ± 0.3) and secluded (8.43 ± 1.0). The estimated length of hospitalization was 13.53 ± 6.4 weeks. Regarding the likelihood of prescribing restraint, results showed great diversity (5.14 ± 2.5 on 9-point scale); psychiatrists working at general hospitals scored significantly higher (6.25 ± 2.5) than those working at university hospitals (5.02 ± 2.3) or psychiatric hospitals (4.15 ± 2.6). A two-group comparison of the length of inpatient care revealed a significant difference between those psychiatrists who scored 1-3 (n = 55, 14.22 ± 7.4 wks) and those who scored 7-9 (n = 62, 12.22 ± 4.0) regarding the need to use restraint. Conclusion Our results may reflect the current dilemma in Japanese psychiatry wherein psychiatrists must initiate coercive measures to shorten hospitalization stays. This study prompted its subject psychiatrists to consider coercive psychiatric treatments.

Tateno, Masaru; Sugiura, Kanna; Uehara, Kumi; Fujisawa, Daisuke; Zhao, Yueren; Hashimoto, Naoki; Takahashi, Hidehiko; Yoshida, Naofumi; Kato, Takahiro; Nakano, Wakako; Wake, Yosuke; Shirasaka, Tomohiro; Kobayashi, Seiju; Sato, Soichiro

2009-01-01

252

Knowledge and Attitudes of GPs in Saxony-Anhalt concerning the Psychological Aspects of Bronchial Asthma: A Questionnaire Study  

PubMed Central

Bronchial Asthma is a worldwide condition with particularly high prevalence in first world countries. The reasons are multifactorial but a neglected area is the psychological domain. It is well known that heavy emotions can trigger attacks and that depression negatively affects treatment outcomes. It is also known that personality type has a greater effect on disease prevalence than in many other conditions. However, many potential psychological treatments are hardly considered, neither in treatment guidelines nor in reviews by asthma specialists. Moreover, there is very little research concerning the beliefs and practices of doctors regarding psychological treatments. Using a questionnaire survey we ascertained that local GPs in Saxony-Anhalt have reasonably good knowledge about the psychological elements of asthma; a third consider it to be some of the influence (20-40% aetiology) and a further third consider it to be even more important than that (at least 40% total aetiology). Our GPs use psychosomatic counseling sometimes or usually in the areas of sport and smoking (circa 85% GPs), although less so regarding breathing techniques and relaxation (c40% usually or sometimes do this) However despite this knowledge they refer to the relevant clinicians very rarely (98% sometimes, usually or always refer to a respiratory physician compared with only 11% referring for psychological help).

2010-01-01

253

Functional Assessment and Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaires: Measurement Invariance Across Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites.  

PubMed

Purpose of the Study: We tested the ethnic-group measurement invariance of 2 commonly used informant-report scales of patients' dementia symptoms: the Functional Assessment Questionnaire (FAQ), a measure of functional abilities, and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (NPI-Q), a measure of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted multigroup confirmatory factor analyses on 311 Hispanic and 10,863 non-Hispanic White (NHW) outpatients and their informants diagnosed with dementia or normal cognition at their initial Alzheimer's Disease Center evaluations nationwide. RESULTS: We confirmed our hypothesized one-factor FAQ and four-factor NPI-Q models for each ethnic group. We also found evidence for the configural (i.e., number of factors) and factorial (i.e., pattern of factor loadings) invariance of both scales and structural (i.e., factor covariances) invariance of the NPI-Q across groups. However, we did not obtain evidence for ethnic-group scalar (i.e., intercept) invariance for either scale. IMPLICATIONS: The FAQ and NPI-Q were operating similarly across Hispanics and NHWs, suggesting that they can be meaningfully used within and across these groups to measure informant-reported dementia symptomatology. However, their scalar noninvariance indicates that meaningful ethnic-group comparisons of their latent factor mean values cannot be made. PMID:23564287

Sayegh, Philip; Knight, Bob G

2013-04-01

254

People's assumptions about robots: investigation of their relationships with attitudes and emotions toward robots  

Microsoft Academic Search

People's assumptions about robots are an important factor affecting their construction and change of attitudes and emotions toward robots. The assumptions should be measured not only to investigate psychological factors determining reactions toward robots but also to study crosscultural attitudes toward robots. As far as measurement of people's attitudes and emotions can contribute to the design of human-robot interaction, questionnaire

Tatsuya Nomura; Takayuki Kanda; Tomohiro Suzuki; Kensuke Kato

2005-01-01

255

Group-Gender-Composition Factors in Sex-Role-Attitude Measurement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report tests the effects of certain gender-related situational factors on soldier response to sex-role-attitude measures and to examine the generality of published data reporting such effects with college students, two experiments were conducted. In ...

J. M. Savell

1985-01-01

256

Development of Psychometric Measures of Student Attitudes Toward Technical Training: Reliability and Factorial Validity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The investigation is the Phase I effort of a task which undertakes to develop a new student critique form for Air Training Command (ATC). Specifically, it deals with the identification of valid and reliable psychometric measures of student attitudes towar...

P. A. Federico

1970-01-01

257

Measures of Diabetic Patient Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior Regarding Self-Care: Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents research undertaken to identify or develop reliable, valid measures of diabetic patient self-care in the areas of management tasks, patient knowledge of drug self-administration, and patient attitudes about compliance. Self-care topics...

K. H. Marquis J. E. Ware D. A. Relles

1979-01-01

258

Public Knowledge of and Attitudes to Science: Alternative Measures That May End the "Science War".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that research on the public understanding of science has measured knowledge as acquaintance with scientific facts and methods, and attitudes as evaluations of societal consequences of science and technology. (Author/CCM)

Bauer, Martin W.; Petkova, Kristina; Boyadjieva, Pepka

2000-01-01

259

The euthanasia-religion nexus: exploring religious orientation and euthanasia attitude measures in a Muslim context.  

PubMed

Using religious orientation paradigm, this twofold study examined the relationship between euthanasia attitude and religiosity, and compared single-item and multi-item scales of euthanasia attitude. Three hundred students were asked whether they view euthanasia as moral. In addition, participants completed the Euthanasia Attitude Scale (EAS) and Religious Orientation Scale-Revised. Results indicated that intrinsic religiosity was the strongest correlate of negative attitudes toward euthanasia. This type of religiosity explained additional variance when added to the two types of extrinsic religiosity (social, personal), but the reverse was not the case. The fairly strong correlation of intrinsic religiosity with the EAS provides evidence of construct validity for the EAS and proved it to be a better measure for assessing euthanasia attitude, rather than the single-item scale. PMID:23785984

Aghababaei, Naser

260

Attitude Estimation and Position Control of VTOL UAVs using IMU and GPS Measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We address two fundamental problems associated with the control of vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) unmanned airborne vehicles (UAVs): attitude estimation and position control. We propose two velocity-aided attitude observers which utilize a global-positioning system (GPS) in addition to an inertial measurement unit (IMU). The `velocity-aided' class of observer uses an accelerometer to measure the system \\\\emph{apparent acceleration} (instead of

Andrew Roberts; Abdelhamid Tayebi

2011-01-01

261

MEASURING STUDENTS' ATTITUDE TOWARDS E-LEARNING. A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

As Internet facilitates communication no matter the distances, providing clear transmission of all type of information needed in the learning process, including testing and evaluation systems, e- learning becomes a more suitable environment for many students. The efficiency of starting such a program based on e-tools is under the influence of factors such as: students' attitudes, the utility they perceive

Patricia BERTEA

262

Development of a Measure of Attitude toward Pulmonary Disease Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systematic scale-development procedures, reliability analyses on 2,852 medical students (3 samples), and factor analysis were used to develop and refine a scale reflecting attitudes about pulmonary disease prevention. Development and verification samples included 110 and 2,691 students, respectively. The scale is promising for health education and…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

1993-01-01

263

Measure Development: The Children's Attitudes toward Technology Scale (CATS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes the development of the Children's Attitude toward Technology Scale (CATS) with 574 children in a rural school district. Discuses differences between elementary and middle school students, gender differences, interest and aptitude, and alternative preferences (for videos and books). (Author/LRW)|

Frantom, Catherine G.; Green, Kathy E.; Hoffman, Eleanor R.

2002-01-01

264

Low-Altitude-Flight Measurement Pod (Sanduster). Pod Measures and Records Changes in Aircraft Altitude, Attitude, Airspeed, and Vertical Acceleration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The SANDUSTER program required a pod instrumented to measure changes in aircraft altitude, attitude, airspeed, and vertical acceleration with respect to time during low-altitude flight. The report describes the pod and its operation. Accuracies of the mea...

Z. H. Blankers

1965-01-01

265

Awareness, attitudes, and perceptions of Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons toward scientific manuscripts, publishing internationally and medical writing. Results of an online questionnaire.  

PubMed

The objective of this survey was to identify the importance placed by Croatian-based surgeons on writing scientific manuscripts and publishing them internationally, as well as their awareness of and attitudes toward medical writing. A link to an online survey was sent to 327 Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons. The electronic questionnaire consisted of rating scales, multiple choice questions and free text reply boxes. A total of 61 surgeons based in Croatia replied to the survey, yielding a response rate of 19% (61/327). The survey results indicate that surgeons in Croatia are active in both research and the writing of manuscripts. There is also a high level of interest among them to publish internationally in English to further their careers. While 68% (38/56) of respondents initially claimed to know about medical writing, further questioning on the subject revealed a reduced level of familiarity with the concept. Only 19% (11/58) of respondents had ever engaged the services of a medical writer and they were generally satisfied with the work done across the three areas of language, editing and scientific knowledge. Medical writers are advised to increase awareness of their services among Croatian-based orthopedic and trauma surgeons who may well have a need for their expertise. PMID:23697268

De Faoite, Diarmuid; Bakota, Bore; Staresini?, Mario; Kopljar, Mario; Cvjetko, Ivan; Dobri?, Ivan

2013-03-01

266

Measuring maintenance culture and maintenance core task with CULTURE-questionnaire––a case study in the power industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organisational culture has become a focus of much attention in industry in general and the nuclear industry in particular. In maintenance work, the research has addressed mainly human error issues or strategic decision making and optimisation. The present study utilises the CULTURE-questionnaire that is designed to measure the different cultural aspects of complex organisations. Functioning of the questionnaire and the

T. Reiman; P. Oedewald

2004-01-01

267

The Bournemouth Questionnaire: A short-form comprehensive outcome measure. II. Psychometric properties in neck pain patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To modify an existing outcome measure (Bournemouth Questionnaire [BQ]) for use in patients with nonspecific neck pain and test its psychometric properties. Design: Prospective longitudinal study in which the questionnaire was administered on 3 occasions (pretreatment, retest, and posttreatment). Setting: Anglo-European College of Chiropractic outpatient clinic and 8 field chiropractic practices. Method: Seven core items relating to the biopsychosocial

Jennifer E. Bolton; B. Kim Humphreys

2002-01-01

268

Reliability and Validity of a Questionnaire to Measure Consumer Knowledge regarding Safe Practices to Prevent Microbiological Contamination in Restaurants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The objective of this study was to develop a validated and reliable questionnaire to measure consumer knowledge regarding safe practices to prevent microbiological contamination in restaurants and commercial kitchens. Methods: Non-probabilistic samples of individuals were interviewed in the city of Campinas, Brazil. Questionnaire items…

Uggioni, Paula Lazzarin; Salay, Elisabette

2013-01-01

269

Construction of the Hyman-Baker Mammography Questionnaire, a measure of health belief model variables.  

PubMed

Despite its considerable promise as a screening tool, mammography has thus far not been as widely used as seems warranted. One conceptualization of patient-related factors or motivation useful in previous research on use of services is the Health Belief Model, which postulates that health behavior can be predicted by people's perceptions of the seriousness of the disease, their susceptibility to the disease, and their perceptions of the benefits of and barriers to the health behavior. Yet no psychometrically sound measure of these variables as related to mammography was found in a search of the literature. This study reports the construction and preliminary validation of such an instrument. Factor analysis, moderate or zero correlation of the subscales, and a higher mean score on the Barriers subscale for women referred for mammography as compared to those actually presenting for mammography support the validity of the questionnaire. Although reliability coefficients for Benefits were low, those for Susceptibility and Barriers were adequate. The questionnaire appears to be a promising measure awaiting further validation. PMID:1480706

Hyman, R B; Baker, S

1992-12-01

270

A questionnaire approach to measuring the relative reinforcing efficacy of snack foods  

PubMed Central

Behavioral choice theory and laboratory choice paradigms can provide a framework to understand the reinforcing efficacy or reinforcing value of food. Reinforcing efficacy is measured in the laboratory by assessing how much effort one will engage in to gain access to food as the amount of work progressively increases. However, this method to establish demand curves as estimates of reinforcer efficacy is time consuming and limits the number of reinforcers that can be tested. The general aim of this study was to compare the reinforcing efficacy of snack foods using a behavioral task that requires subjects to respond to gain access to portions of food (LAB task) with a questionnaire version of a purchasing task designed to determine demand curves (QUES task) in nonobese and obese adults (n = 24). Results showed correlations between the maximal amount of money that individuals were willing to spend for food (QUES Omax) and the maximal amount of responses made on the highest reinforcement schedule completed (LAB Omax) (r = 0.45, p < 0.05), and between BMI and the LAB Omax (r = 0.43, p < 0.05) and the QUES Omax (r = 0.52, p < 0.05). The study suggests the questionnaire provides valid measures of reinforcing efficacy that can be used in place of or in conjunction with traditional laboratory paradigms to establish demand curves that describe the behavioral maintaining properties of food.

Epstein, Leonard H.; Dearing, Kelly K.; Roba, Lora G.

2010-01-01

271

Reliability and sensitivity measures of the Greek version of the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The translation of existing healthcare measurement scales is considered a feasible, efficient and popular approach to produce internationally comparable measures. The short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire is one of the most widely used and translated instruments to measure the pain experience. The Greek version of the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire (GR-SFMPQ) has recently been developed

George Georgoudis; Jacqueline A. Oldham; Paul J. Watson

2001-01-01

272

Psychometric Evaluation of the Insomnia Symptom Questionnaire: a Self-report Measure to Identify Chronic Insomnia  

PubMed Central

Study Objectives: The objective was to psychometrically evaluate the Insomnia Symptom Questionnaire (ISQ), a self-report instrument designed to establish a clinically relevant case definition of insomnia consistent with widely used insomnia classification criteria, using methods from classical test theory and item response theory (IRT). Methods: The ISQ was evaluated using IRT algorithms in a cohort of 362 pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women recruited for the SWAN (Study of Women's Health Across the Nation) Sleep Study. This yielded a dichotomous outcome consistent with the presence/absence of insomnia. The internal consistency and criterion validity of the dichotomized ISQ were compared to traditional measures of sleep from sleep diaries, polysomnography, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index using kappa statistics, and indices of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value (PPV), and likelihood ratio tests (LRs). Results: The ISQ identified 9.8% of the sample as meeting insomnia, consistent with established diagnostic criteria. Reliability was established with Cronbach ? (? = 0.89). The ISQ had high specificity (> 90%), but sensitivity, PPV, NPV, and LRs varied according to which sleep measure was used. Concurrent validity was not confirmed with any of the traditional sleep summary measures (kappas < 0.30). Conclusions: The ISQ captures the multidimensionality of insomnia better than traditional sleep measures as it ascertains symptoms of insomnia that are based on DSM-IV and RDC criteria. The high specificities suggest that the ISQ has a high probability of correctly identifying those without insomnia and would be a cost-effective tool in large observational studies in which the prevalence of insomnia is likely to be about 10%. Further evaluation of the ISQ, including validation against clinical interviews, is warranted. Citation: Okun ML; Kravitz HM; Sowers MF; Moul DE; Buysse DJ; Hall M. Psychometric evaluation of the insomnia symptom questionnaire: a self-report measure to identify chronic insomnia. J Clin Sleep Med 2009;5(1):41–51.

Okun, Michele L.; Kravitz, Howard M.; Sowers, Mary Fran; Moul, Douglas E.; Buysse, Daniel J.; Hall, Martica

2009-01-01

273

The SF36 health survey questionnaire: an outcome measure suitable for routine use within the NHS?  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To assess the validity, reliability, and acceptability of the short form 36 (SF 36) health survey questionnaire (a shortened version of a battery of 149 health status questions) as a measure of patient outcome in a broad sample of patients suffering from four common clinical conditions. DESIGN--Postal questionnaire, followed up by two reminders at two week intervals. SETTING--Clinics and four training practices in north east Scotland. SUBJECTS--Over 1700 patients aged 16-86 with one of four conditions--low back pain, menorrhagia, suspected peptic ulcer, or varicose veins--and a comparison sample of 900 members of the general population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--The eight scales within the SF36 health profile. RESULTS--The response rate exceeded 75% in the patient population (1310 respondents). The SF36 satisfied rigorous psychometric criteria for validity and internal consistency. Clinical validity was shown by the distinctive profiles generated for each condition, each of which differed from that in the general population in a predictable manner. Furthermore, SF36 scores were lower in referred patients than in patients not referred and were closely related to general practitioners' perceptions of severity. CONCLUSIONS--These results provide support for the SF36 as a potential measure of patient outcome within the NHS. The SF36 seems acceptable to patients, internally consistent, and a valid measure of the health status of a wide range of patients. Before it can be used in the new health service, however, its sensitivity to changes in health status over time must also be tested.

Garratt, A M; Ruta, D A; Abdalla, M I; Buckingham, J K; Russell, I T

1993-01-01

274

Measuring engineering freshman attitudes and perceptions of their first year academic experience: the continuing development of two assessment instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student perceptions and attitudes about their educational experiences have been found to make an important contribution to the retention of students in undergraduate science, math, engineering, and technology (SMET) programs. The present study describes the continuing development of the Freshman Engineering Attitude Survey (FEAS) and the Engineering Perception Test (EPT) Instruments. The FEAS was designed to measure engineering freshman attitudes

James M. Graham; Rita Caso

2002-01-01

275

Attitude measurement of driver's head based on accelerometer and magnetoresistive sensor  

Microsoft Academic Search

A head attitudes measurement system based on 3-axis micro-accelerometer and 3-axis micro-magnetoresistive sensor is designed and developed using for thermal imager setup of night- driving vehicle. The three attitude angles, i.e. pitch, roll and yaw, of driver's head are estimated relative to the driving vehicle in real time. In this system, the 3-axis micro-accelerometer detects the gravity field and the

Zhao Yan; Liman Yang; Qi Zheng; Yunhua Li

2011-01-01

276

Validation of an Instrument to Measure Pharmacy and Medical Students' Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To assess the validity and reliability of an instrument to measure pharmacy students’ attitudes toward physician-pharmacist collaboration, and compare those attitudes to the attitudes of medical students. Methods. One hundred sixty-six first-year pharmacy students and 77 first-year medical students at Midwestern University completed the Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration. Results. Findings confirmed the validity and reliability of the Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration in pharmacy students, as observed previously for medical students. Pharmacy students’ mean score was significantly higher (56.6 ± 7.2) than that of medical students (52.0 ± 6.1). Maximum likelihood factoring confirmed the 3-factor solution of responsibility and accountability, shared authority, and interdisciplinary education for pharmacy students. Conclusions. The Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration can be used for the assessment of interdisciplinary educational programs, for patient outcome assessment of interprofessional collaboration, and for group comparisons. Findings that pharmacy students expressed more positive attitudes toward collaboration than medical students have implications for interdisciplinary education.

Van Winkle, Lon J.; Fjortoft, Nancy; Hojat, Mohammadreza

2011-01-01

277

Beyond bipolar conceptualizations and measures: the case of attitudes and evaluative space.  

PubMed

All organisms must be capable of differentiating hostile from hospitable stimuli to survive. Typically, this evaluative discrimination is conceptualized as being bipolar (hostile-hospitable). This conceptualization is certainly evident in the area of attitudes, where the ubiquitous bipolar attitude measure, by gauging the net affective predisposition toward a stimulus, treats positive and negative evaluative processes as equivalent, reciprocally activated, and interchangeable. Contrary to conceptualizations of this evaluative process as bipolar, recent evidence suggests that distinguishable motivational systems underlie assessments of the positive and negative significance of a stimulus. Thus, a stimulus may vary in terms of the strength of positive evaluative activation and the strength of negative evaluative activation it evokes. Low activation of positive and negative evaluative processes by a stimulus reflects attitude neutrality or indifference, whereas high activation of positive and negative evaluative processes reflects attitude ambivalence. As such, attitudes can be represented more completely within a bivariate space than along a bipolar continuum. Evidence is reviewed showing that the positive and negative evaluative processes underlying many attitudes are distinguishable (stochastically and functionally independent), are characterized by distinct activation functions (positivity offset and negativity bias principles), are related differentially to attitude ambivalence (corollary of ambivalence asymmetries), have distinguishable antecedents (heteroscedacity principle), and tend to gravitate from a bivariate toward a bipolar structure when the underlying beliefs are the target of deliberation or a guide for behavior (principle of motivational certainty). The implications for society phenomena such as political elections and democratic structures are discussed. PMID:15647126

Cacioppo, J T; Gardner, W L; Berntson, G G

1997-01-01

278

Development of a multi-dimensional measure of resilience in adolescents: the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Background The concept of resilience has captured the imagination of researchers and policy makers over the past two decades. However, despite the ever growing body of resilience research, there is a paucity of relevant, comprehensive measurement tools. In this article, the development of a theoretically based, comprehensive multi-dimensional measure of resilience in adolescents is described. Methods Extensive literature review and focus groups with young people living with chronic illness informed the conceptual development of scales and items. Two sequential rounds of factor and scale analyses were undertaken to revise the conceptually developed scales using data collected from young people living with a chronic illness and a general population sample. Results The revised Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire comprises 93 items and 12 scales measuring resilience factors in the domains of self, family, peer, school and community. All scales have acceptable alpha coefficients. Revised scales closely reflect conceptually developed scales. Conclusions It is proposed that, with further psychometric testing, this new measure of resilience will provide researchers and clinicians with a comprehensive and developmentally appropriate instrument to measure a young person's capacity to achieve positive outcomes despite life stressors.

2011-01-01

279

A comparison of global questions versus health status questionnaires as measures of the severity and impact of asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of global questions versus health status questionnaires as measures of the severity and impact of asthma. E.A. Barley, P.W. Jones. #ERS Journals Ltd 1999. ABSTRACT: This study compared estimates of the severity and impact of asthma recorded using global questions of the type used in diary cards with health status measurements obtained using comprehensive questionnaires. Seventy-four outpatients with

E. a. Barley; P. w. Jones

1999-01-01

280

Ethnic identity and civic attitudes in Latino and Caucasian youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding youth's perceptions of their civic skills is important for enriching the lives of youth as well as society. This study explored the relationship between civic attitudes, leadership skills, and ethnic identity in Northwest Georgia schools using two measures, the Civic Attitudes and Skills Questionnaire (CASQ) and the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM). In sharp contrast with Georgia school demographics,

Ashley Elizabeth Anglin; Julie S. Johnson-Pynn; Laura Renee Johnson

2012-01-01

281

Personality and social attitudes in chronic fatigue syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred one chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients attending a specialist CFS clinic were compared with 45 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients on a range of standardized questionnaire measures, to investigate whether CFS patients are characterized by particular personality traits or social attitudes. No differences were found between CFS and RA patients in measures of perfectionism, attitudes toward mental illness, defensiveness,

Barbara Wood; Simon Wessely

1999-01-01

282

Attitudes of Israeli Jewish and Arab High School Students toward Alcohol Control Measures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the attitudes of adolescents (N=2,186) of four religions in the north of Israel toward eight alcohol measures. Findings indicate that the majority of the respondents tend to enhance alcohol control measures and driving issues, but only about a third tend to enhance alcohol control measures in the other domains. (Author/MKA)

Weiss, Shoshana

1999-01-01

283

Attitudes of Israeli Jewish and Arab High School Students toward Alcohol Control Measures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the attitudes of adolescents (N=2,186) of four religions in the north of Israel toward eight alcohol measures. Findings indicate that the majority of the respondents tend to enhance alcohol control measures and driving issues, but only about a third tend to enhance alcohol control measures in the other domains. (Author/MKA)|

Weiss, Shoshana

1999-01-01

284

Death anxiety as a function of belief in an afterlife. A comparison between a questionnaire measure and a Stroop measure of death anxiety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three groups with different kinds of beliefs about life after death (religious believers, atheists, and agnostics) were compared on a questionnaire measure of death anxiety and a Stroop task with death-related words. Although the religious believers reported less death anxiety than the atheists and the agnostics on the questionnaire measure, they did not differ from the other two groups on

Lars-Gunnar Lundh; Vidka Radon

1998-01-01

285

Factor structure and measurement invariance of the cognitive failures questionnaire across the adult life span.  

PubMed

The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) is designed to assess a person's proneness to committing cognitive slips and errors in the completion of everyday tasks. Although the CFQ is a widely used instrument, its factor structure remains an issue of scientific debate. The present study used data of a representative sample (N = 1,303, 24-83 years of age) from the Maastricht Aging Study (MAAS) to test and compare factor solutions for the CFQ previously reported in the literature by means of confirmatory factor analysis of ordered categorical variables. A three-factor model of the CFQ from an exploratory factor analysis was tested for increasing levels of measurement invariance across six age groups. Factor (co-)variances remained stable across the age groups, mean differences were observed for the factor Forgetfulness with higher means for older participants, and the factor Distractibility where participants older than 60 years of age had lower means. PMID:19066391

Rast, Philippe; Zimprich, Daniel; Van Boxtel, Martin; Jolles, Jellemer

2008-12-09

286

Attitudes of Parents Toward Advertising to Children in the UK, Sweden and New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data based on questionnaire measures from parents in New Zealand, the UK, and Sweden on attitudes toward advertising to children is presented. There is cross-national evidence that attitudes in this area are affectively strong and consistent and data is presented on responses to particular attitude statements that support this claim. An exploratory factor analysis on the Swedish and UK data

Brian M. Young; Anne de Bruin; Lynne Eagle

2003-01-01

287

Racial Attitudes of Black Preschoolers as Related to Parental Civil Rights Activism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial preference and racial attitudes were assessed in a group of black preschoolers between 4 and 5.5 years of age using the Clark Doll Test and Preschool Racial Attitudes Measure (PRAM) II. Parents were classified as activists or nonactivists based on their history of civil rights activism as revealed by a questionnaire. Racial attitudes of the…

Branch, Curtis; Newcombe, Nora

288

Attitudes towards genetically modified and organic foods.  

PubMed

Finnish students (N=3261) filled out a questionnaire on attitudes towards genetically modified and organic food, plus the rational-experiential inventory, the magical thinking about food and health scale, Schwartz's value survey and the behavioural inhibition scale. In addition, they reported their eating of meat. Structural equation modelling of these measures had greater explanatory power for attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) foods than for attitudes towards organic foods (OF). GM attitudes were best predicted by natural science education and magical food and health beliefs, which mediated the influence of thinking styles. Positive attitudes towards organic food, on the other hand, were more directly related to such individual differences as thinking styles and set of values. The results of the study indicate that OF attitudes are rooted in more fundamental personal attributes than GM attitudes, which are embedded in a more complex but also in a more modifiable network of characteristics. PMID:16546293

Saher, Marieke; Lindeman, Marjaana; Hursti, Ulla-Kaisa Koivisto

2006-03-20

289

A longitudinal study of attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia among patients with noncurable malignancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study investigated whether attitudes toward physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia (E) are stable among patients with noncurable malignancy, and whether depression and various coping strategies were related to such attitudes. Thirty patients with noncurable malignancies completed questionnaires measuring attitudes toward PAS and E, depression, and coping. Three months later, and subsequently at six-month intervals, repeated measures were obtained

Jaime Pacheco; Paul J. Hershberger; Ronald J. Markert; Geetika Kumar

2003-01-01

290

Study of Detection and Estimation Techniques Applied to Attitude Measurements of Satellites. Volume 2: Attitude Sensors Review and General Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The most generally used satellite attitude sensors are reviewed, and functional schemes of detection and estimation techniques applied to specific attitude sensors are presented. Two sensor classes are considered: sensors which provide continuous informat...

R. Baldassinifontana G. Simoncini D. Sciacovelli A. Santinelli

1974-01-01

291

Measuring progress in clinical governance: assessing the reliability and validity of the Clinical Governance Climate Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Despite a lack of conceptual clarity, the importance of cultural change to clinical governance is widely accepted. While generic measures of organizational performance, culture and climate are available, their relationship to clinical governance is unclear. Consequently, there is currently no valid and reliable measure of clinical governance climate. This study aimed to address the deficiency by reducing a pool of clinical governance climate indicators developed via previous qualitative research, describing a latent factor structure and assessing the internal consistency and external validity of the factor model. The resultant instrument, the Clinical Governance Climate Questionnaire (CGCQ), attained high internal consistency and external (discriminant and construct) validity in a study population of healthcare Trust staff. It consists of 60 items distributed across six sub-scales of clinical governance: planned and integrated quality improvement; proactive risk management; absence of unjust blame and punishment; working with colleagues; training and development; and organizational learning. The measure enables those charged with leading the clinical governance agenda in UK healthcare organizations to assess the progress of organizational development initiatives, highlighting areas requiring particular attention. They might also be of interest to those concerned about the negative unintended consequences of performance management. PMID:14613621

Freeman, T

2003-11-01

292

Translation and adaptation of an international questionnaire to measure usage of complementary and alternative medicine (I-CAM-G)  

PubMed Central

Background The growing body of data on prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) usage means there is a need to standardize measurement on an international level. An international team has published a questionnaire (I-CAM-Q), but no validation has yet been provided. The aim of the present study was to provide a German measurement instrument for CAM usage (I-CAM-G) which closely resembles the original English version, and to assess it’s performance in two potential samples for measuring CAM usage. Methods The English I-CAM-Q questionnaire was translated into German, and adapted slightly. The resulting I-CAM-G questionnaire was then pre-tested on 16 healthy volunteers, and 12 cognitive interviews were carried out. The questionnaire was employed in a sample of breast cancer patients (N?=?92, paper and pencil), and a sample from the general population (N?=?210, internet survey). Descriptive analyses of items and missing data, as well as results from the cognitive interviews, are presented in this paper. Results The translated questionnaire had to be adapted to be consistent with the German health care system. All items were comprehensible, whereby some items were unambiguous (e.g. CAM use yes/no, helpfulness), while others gave rise to ambiguous answers (e.g. reasons for CAM use), or high rates of missing data (e.g. number of times the CAM modality had been used during the last 3 months). 78% of the breast cancer patients and up to 85% of a sample of the general population had used some form of CAM. Conclusions Following methodologically sound and comprehensive translation, adaptation and assessment processes using recognized translation procedures, cognitive interviews, and studying the performance of the questionnaire in two samples, we arrived at a German questionnaire for measuring CAM use which is comparable with the international (English) version. The questionnaire appropriately measures CAM use, with some items being more appropriate than others. We recommend the development of a short version.

2012-01-01

293

Measuring behavioural susceptibility to obesity: Validation of the child eating behaviour questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ; [Wardle, J., Guthrie, C.A., Sanderson, S., & Rapoport, L. (2001). Development of the children's eating behaviour questionnaire. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 963–970]) is a parent-report questionnaire designed to assess eating styles related to obesity risk. It has been shown to have a robust factor structure and good internal reliability, but has

Susan Carnell; Jane Wardle

2007-01-01

294

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire: Scale Development and Initial Validation of a Factor-Analytic Solution to Multiple Empathy Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

To formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In 3 studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding,

R. Nathan Spreng; Margaret C. McKinnon; Raymond A. Mar; Brian Levine

2009-01-01

295

The Relationship between Electromyogram Level and the Children's Personality Questionnaire as Measures of Tension in Upper Elementary Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated the relationship between biofeedback and tension as measured by an electromyogram and the self-report Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ) in 37 intellectually gifted fourth through seventh graders. Results showed that indirect factors that measure tension on the CPQ were correlated significantly with biofeedback measures.…

Karnes, Frances A.; And Others

1985-01-01

296

Attitude Determination Using a MEMS-Based Flight Information Measurement Unit  

PubMed Central

Obtaining precise attitude information is essential for aircraft navigation and control. This paper presents the results of the attitude determination using an in-house designed low-cost MEMS-based flight information measurement unit. This study proposes a quaternion-based extended Kalman filter to integrate the traditional quaternion and gravitational force decomposition methods for attitude determination algorithm. The proposed extended Kalman filter utilizes the evolution of the four elements in the quaternion method for attitude determination as the dynamic model, with the four elements as the states of the filter. The attitude angles obtained from the gravity computations and from the electronic magnetic sensors are regarded as the measurement of the filter. The immeasurable gravity accelerations are deduced from the outputs of the three axes accelerometers, the relative accelerations, and the accelerations due to body rotation. The constraint of the four elements of the quaternion method is treated as a perfect measurement and is integrated into the filter computation. Approximations of the time-varying noise variances of the measured signals are discussed and presented with details through Taylor series expansions. The algorithm is intuitive, easy to implement, and reliable for long-term high dynamic maneuvers. Moreover, a set of flight test data is utilized to demonstrate the success and practicality of the proposed algorithm and the filter design.

Ma, Der-Ming; Shiau, Jaw-Kuen; Wang, I.-Chiang; Lin, Yu-Heng

2012-01-01

297

Attitudes toward condoms as AIDS prophylaxis in homosexual men: dimensions and measurement.  

PubMed

Increases in condom use among homosexually active men are crucial to containing the spread of AIDS. The present study examined the components of attitudes and beliefs toward condom use in homosexual and bisexual men using a modified version of Brown's Attitude toward condoms scale. Factor analysis revealed 5 clear dimensions: viewing condoms as unreliable and unerotic; as protection from infection; as unavailable when needed; as interrupting sex; and viewing condoms as a responsibility and being comfortable with condom use. 5 subscales constructed from these dimensions differentiated significantly between homosexual men who used condoms frequently and infrequently or never. 4 of the subscales (except Protection form Infection subscale) differentiated frequency of oral condom use; only the Responsibility and Comfort with Condom Use subscale differentiated frequency of anal condom use. The Homosexual Attitudes toward Condom use scale demonstrates that: dimensions of beliefs and attitudes toward condom use in homosexually active men differ substantially from those in heterosexual individuals; a reliable and valid scale for measuring such attitudes now exists; factors influencing condom use in this population differ for oral and anal intercourse; and this scale enables further research on determinants of condom use, and effects of modifying attitudes toward condom use in homosexually active men to be carried out. PMID:12316332

Ross, M W

1988-01-01

298

Development and preliminary validation of a questionnaire to measure satisfaction with home care in Greece: an exploratory factor analysis of polychoric correlations  

PubMed Central

Background The primary aim of this study was to develop and psychometrically test a Greek-language instrument for measuring satisfaction with home care. The first empirical evidence about the level of satisfaction with these services in Greece is also provided. Methods The questionnaire resulted from literature search, on-site observation and cognitive interviews. It was applied in 2006 to a sample of 201 enrollees of five home care programs in the city of Thessaloniki and contains 31 items that measure satisfaction with individual service attributes and are expressed on a 5-point Likert scale. The latter has been usually considered in practice as an interval scale, although it is in principle ordinal. We thus treated the variable as an ordinal one, but also employed the traditional approach in order to compare the findings. Our analysis was therefore based on ordinal measures such as the polychoric correlation, Kendall's Tau b coefficient and ordinal Cronbach's alpha. Exploratory factor analysis was followed by an assessment of internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, construct validity and sensitivity. Results Analyses with ordinal and interval scale measures produced in essence very similar results and identified four multi-item scales. Three of these were found to be reliable and valid: socioeconomic change, staff skills and attitudes and service appropriateness. A fourth dimension -service planning- had lower internal consistency reliability and yet very satisfactory test-retest reliability, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects. The global satisfaction scale created was also quite reliable. Overall, participants were satisfied -yet not very satisfied- with home care services. More room for improvement seems to exist for the socio-economic and planning aspects of care and less for staff skills and attitudes and appropriateness of provided services. Conclusions The methods developed seem to be a promising tool for the measurement of home care satisfaction in Greece.

2010-01-01

299

The Measurement of Satisfaction in Work and Retirement: A Strategy for the Study of Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A strategy for studying attitudes is developed by analyzing the nature of satisfaction, and, the requirements for its scientifically adequate measurement. A comprehensive set of requirements for sound measurement, rather than just one or two elements, is emphasized. For the academicians, this book serves as an impetus to further research on the…

Smith, Patricia Cain; And Others

300

Polymorphous Prejudice: Liberating the Measurement of Heterosexuals' Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidimensional measure of sexual prejudice was developed to assess the increasing complexity of heterosexuals' attitudes toward gay men and lesbians. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a valid and reliable 7-factor measure that assessed: 1) traditional heterosexism; 2) tendency to deny anti-gay discrimination continues; 3) aversion toward gay men; 4) aversion to lesbians; 5) judgments regarding the value of

Sean G. Massey

2009-01-01

301

Development and evaluation of the Seattle Angina questionnaire: A new functional status measure for coronary artery disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study sought to establish the validity, reproducibility and responsiveness of the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, a 19-item self-administered questionnaire measuring five dimensions of coronary artery disease: physical limitation, anginal stability, anginal frequency, treatment satisfaction and disease perception.Background. Assessing the functional status of patients is becoming increasingly important in both clinical research and quality assurance programs. No current functional status

John A. Spertus; Jennifer A. Winder; Timothy A. Dewhurst; Richard A. Deyo; Janice Prodzinski; Mary McDonnell; Stephan D. Fihn

1995-01-01

302

Development and validation of the Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire: a measure of emotional intelligence.  

PubMed

This study examined the psychometric characteristics of the Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire (ESQ), a self-report measure of emotional intelligence. The ESQ, Emotional Intelligence Scale, and measures of alexithymia, positive negative affect, personality, cognitive ability, life satisfaction, and leadership aspirations were administered to 1,406 undergraduate psychology students. The ESQ was reduced from 118 to 60 items via factor and reliability analyses, retaining 11 subscales and a normal score distribution with a reliability of .92. The ESQ had significant positive correlations with the Emotional Intelligence Test and positive affect, significant negative correlations with alexithymia and negative affect, and an insignificant correlation with cognitive ability. The ESQ accounted for 35% of the variance in life satisfaction over and above the Big Five, cognitive ability, and self-esteem, and demonstrated incremental validity in explaining GPA and leadership aspirations. The significance of emotional intelligence as a unique contributor to psychological well-being and performance, and applications for the ESQ in assessment and outcome research in couple and family therapy are discussed. PMID:22804468

Killian, Kyle D

2011-05-09

303

Prenatal alcohol exposure assessment: multiple embedded measures in a prenatal questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol exposure during pregnancy is a well-recognized public health problem. Accurate assessment of prenatal alcohol exposure is especially important to identify women in need of intervention. In this study, a 36-item prenatal questionnaire was utilized to survey a representative sample of prenatal care providers to examine prevalence rates of exposure. The questionnaire included three common screening tools for alcohol use

Larry Burd; John Martsolf; Marilyn G. Klug; Ellen O'Connor; Marlene Peterson

2003-01-01

304

Flying attitude measurement of projectile using high speed photography and 3D digital image correlation technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To track a projectile and then to obtain its flying attitude is very important for the design and control of high-speed projectile. In order to measure the attitude of projectile, a high-speed binocular stereo vision system with digital image correlation technique (H3D-DIC) is designed and constructed by using two different types of high-speed cameras. And, the correlation program which is able to correct image magnification and pixel size parameters of different types of cameras is completed. Finally, an experiment to track a flying arrow is performed and the profile of the arrow body is measured. Based on the experimental result, the flying attitude of the flying arrow is analyzed. The experiment verifies validity of the H3D-DIC system.

Zeng, Xiangfu; Ma, Shaopeng

2011-11-01

305

Determinants and predictive validity of direct and indirect measures of recently acquired food attitudes.  

PubMed

The present study examined whether the affective priming paradigm in the picture-picture naming task can be used to measure recently acquired food attitudes. Food (dis)likes were induced by an evaluative learning procedure in which real food items were contingently paired with sensory liking or expected consequences information. It was found that the picture-picture naming task is capable of measuring recently induced food attitudes irrespective of whether they were based on sensory liking or expected consequences information. In addition, we observed that affective priming effects that are obtained with the naming task can be used to predict food-related choice behaviour, irrespective of whether participants are given time to elaborate on their choice or not. The latter finding, however, emerged only when food attitudes were based on sensory liking. PMID:16442666

Verhulst, Filip; Hermans, Dirk; Baeyens, Frank; Spruyt, Adriaan; Eelen, Paul

2006-01-26

306

The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire: a measure of symptoms commonly experienced after head injury and its reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

After head injuries, particularly mild or moderate ones, a range of post-concussion symptoms (PCS) are often reported by patients. Such symptoms may significantly affect patients' psychosocial functioning. To date, no measure of the severity of PCS has been developed. This study presents the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) as such a measure, derived from published material, and investigates its

N. S. King; S. Crawford; F. J. Wenden; N. E. G. Moss; D. T. Wade

1995-01-01

307

Measuring depression outcome with a brief self-report instrument: sensitivity to change of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The nine-item depression module from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is well validated and widely used as a brief diagnostic and severity measure, but its validity as an outcome measure for depression has not yet been established. Therefore, we investigated the sensitivity to change of the PHQ-9 in three groups of patients whose depression status either improved, remained unchanged,

Bernd Löwe; Kurt Kroenke; Wolfgang Herzog; Kerstin Gräfe

2004-01-01

308

Validation of Self-Report Measures of Physical Activity: A Case Study Using the New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accurate measurement of physical activity is fundamentally important in epidemiological research of physical activity behavior. A widely used telephone-based physical activity questionnaire was compared with other methods of administration and objective measures (pedometers and accelerometers) among 80 adults (43 women). The telephone…

Mackay, Lisa M.; Schofield, Grant M.; Schluter, Philip J.

2007-01-01

309

Attitudes of Graduating Pharmacy Students and Practicing Pharmacists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes of pharmacists and pharmacy students were measured by a 73-item questionnaire. Responses were obtained from 56 graduating seniors and 112 recent graduates of the School of Pharmacy of the University of Missouri at Kansas City. The two sets of responses enable comparison of the attitudes of graduating seniors after completion of a…

Levine, Daniel U.

310

Religious Orientation, Personality, and Attitudes About Human Stem Cell Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human stem cell research has revived long-standing debates regarding the sanctity and beginning of life. The current study addresses the issue by examining the ability of selected religiosity and personality variables to predict attitudes regarding stem cell research. Participants were given questionnaires measuring attitudes regarding stem cell research, along with the Need for Closure scale, the Internal Control Index, the

Michael E. Nielsen; Jennifer Williams; Brandon Randolph-Seng

2009-01-01

311

Ethnic Identity and Civic Attitudes in Latino and Caucasian Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Understanding youth's perceptions of their civic skills is important for enriching the lives of youth as well as society. This study explored the relationship between civic attitudes, leadership skills, and ethnic identity in Northwest Georgia schools using two measures, the Civic Attitudes and Skills Questionnaire (CASQ) and the Multigroup…

Anglin, Ashley Elizabeth; Johnson-Pynn, Julie S.; Johnson, Laura Renee

2012-01-01

312

Questionnaire Design in the Cognitive Research Laboratory: Series 6. Cognition and Survey Measurement No. 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study evaluated the process that is used to develop and pretest questionnaires that comprise the annual supplements to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The study was designed to answer the question, how do the current development and testi...

J. T. Lessler R. Tourangeau W. Salter

1989-01-01

313

The Two-Track Model of Bereavement Questionnaire (TTBQ): Development and Validation of a Relational Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Two-Track Model of Bereavement Questionnaire (TTBQ) was designed to assess response to loss over time. Respondents were 354 persons who completed the 70-item self-report questionnaire constructed in accordance with the Two-Track Model of Bereavement. Track I focuses on the bereaved's biopsychosocial functioning and Track II concerns the bereaved's ongoing relationship to the range of memories, images, thoughts, and feeling

Simon Shimshon Rubin; Ofri Bar Nadav; Ruth Malkinson; Dan Koren; Moran Goffer-Shnarch; Ella Michaeli

2009-01-01

314

Is the ten-item Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU-brief) more sensitive to abstinence than shorter craving measures?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  The Questionnaire on Smoking Urges is now very widely used as a measure of craving but is considerably longer than alternatives\\u000a in current use. Longer scales carry a significant cost in studies and clinical practice. This study compared the ten-item\\u000a Questionnaire on Smoking Urges (QSU-brief) with six shorter measures of craving in terms of sensitivity to abstinence and\\u000a reliability.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Sixty

Robert West; Michael Ussher

2010-01-01

315

Measuring physical activity-related environmental factors: reliability and predictive validity of the European environmental questionnaire ALPHA  

PubMed Central

Background A questionnaire to assess physical activity related environmental factors in the European population (a 49-item and an 11-item version) was created as part of the framework of the EU-funded project "Instruments for Assessing Levels of PHysical Activity and fitness (ALPHA)". This paper reports on the development and assessment of the questionnaire's test-retest stability, predictive validity, and applicability to European adults. Methods The first pilot test was conducted in Belgium, France and the UK. In total 190 adults completed both forms of the ALPHA questionnaire twice with a one-week interval. Physical activity was concurrently measured (i) by administration of the long version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) by interview and (ii) by accelerometry (Actigraph™ device). After adaptations, the second field test took place in Belgium, the UK and Austria; 166 adults completed the adapted questionnaire at two time points, with minimum one-week interval. In both field studies intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and proportion of agreement were computed to assess the stability of the two test scores. Predictive validity was examined in the first field test by correlating the results of the questionnaires with physical activity data from accelerometry and long IPAQ-last 7 days. Results The reliability scores of the ALPHA questionnaire were moderate-to good in the first field testing (ICC range 0.66 - 0.86) and good in the second field testing (ICC range 0.71 - 0.87). The proportion of agreement for the ALPHA short increased significantly from the first (range 50 - 83%) to the second field testing (range 85 - 95%). Environmental scales from both versions of the ALPHA questionnaire were significantly associated with self-reported minutes of transport-related walking, and objectively measured low intensity physical activity levels, particularly in women. Both versions were easily administered with an average completion time of six minutes for the 49-item version and less than two minutes for the short version. Conclusion The ALPHA questionnaire is an instrument to measure environmental perceptions in relation to physical activity. It appears to have good reliability and predictive validity. The questionnaire is now available to other researchers to investigate its usefulness and applicability across Europe.

2010-01-01

316

Katz-Zalk Projective Prejudice Test: A Measure of Racial Attitudes in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A test consisting of slides of ambiguous school situations was designed for measuring racial attitudes in children. For each slide, the subject is asked to choose which child initiated or is the recipient of a positive or negative event. The instrument was standardized on 547 black and white urban, public school children at the first, second,…

Zalk, Sue R.; Katz, Phyllis A.

317

How Critical Is Back Translation in Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Attitude Measures?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of three types of practices applied in Korea in enhancing the validity and equivalency of test instruments when cross-cultural adaptation of attitude measures is necessary. The three types of practices are: (1) translation and review (translation version); (2) translation, back…

Kim, Ahyoung; Lim, Eun-Young

318

An Assessment of the Validity of the Preschool Racial Attitude Measure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Preschool Racial Attitude Measure (PRAM) and the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance Scale (CID) were concurrently administered in counterbalanced order to 60 black and white five and six-year olds to establish whether a relationship existed between assessed racial bias and the interpersonal distance ascribed to figures by race. No…

Chamberlin-Robinson, Charlynn

319

Empathetic Responses and Attitudes about Older Adults: How Experience with the Aging Game Measures up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to assess the impact of pre-professional education on students' knowledge and attitudes about aging, including the option of a simulated learning activity. Using a mixed design, groups of nursing and nutrition students (n = 127) were randomly assigned to experience the Aging Game. Pre- and posttest observations included measures

Henry, Beverly W.; Ozier, Amy D.; Johnson, Amy

2011-01-01

320

Software Design for Measurement of Bullet Attitude Based on Linear CCD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aimed to the character of high speed of bullet, combined with the principle of linear CCD camera, the software for data acquisition and processing is developed in this article based on the computer programming techniques and image processing techniques. It is introduced integrated design scheme and realization of software for measurement of bullet attitude in Windows by VC++ and MATLAB,

Song Weidong; Zhao Qinglan; Hu dacheng; Zhou Bin

2007-01-01

321

An Assessment of the Validity of the Preschool Racial Attitude Measure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Preschool Racial Attitude Measure (PRAM) and the Comfortable Interpersonal Distance Scale (CID) were concurrently administered in counterbalanced order to 60 black and white five and six-year olds to establish whether a relationship existed between assessed racial bias and the interpersonal distance ascribed to figures by race. No relationship…

Chamberlin-Robinson, Charlynn

322

The Application of an Unfolding Model of the PIRT Type to the Measurement of Attitude.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A simple probabilistic model for unfolding data collected by a direct response design in which responses were scored dichotomously was applied to the measurement of attitudes toward capital punishment. Responses conformed to the unfolding mechanism. Scale values of the statements were statistically equivalent to those of Thurstone's methods. (SLD)

Andrich, David

1988-01-01

323

The quest for optimal spacecraft attitude determination filtering algorithm using GNSS phase measurements: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper overviews the estimation algorithms related with the problem of Attitude Determination (AD) of a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite using carrier phase based measurements of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). In the past three decades, this problem has been addressed overwhelmingly and many solutions and schemes have not only been devised but also been implemented on real

Naqvi Najam Abbas; Li Yan Jun

2010-01-01

324

A Q-Sort Instrument for Measuring Attitudes Toward the Educational Conditions of the Indiana Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem was to construct, validate, and test a Q-sort instrument consisting of 56 statements measuring attitude changes of individual participants toward the seven educational conditions of the Indiana Plan for Adult Education in the Church. The Q-sort was structured to represent conditions of the plan at two levels with four replications…

Gordon, George Kenneth

325

The Effects of Leadership Styles and Use of Performance Measures on Managerial Work-Related Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the effects of superiors’ performance evaluation behaviors on subordinates’ work-related attitudes. In response to critique on the multidimensional nature of the ‘supervisory style’ construct in the RAPM literature, we argue that the two dominant dimensions underlying this construct are leadership style and performance measure use. We develop and test a path model that allows us

Frank Hartmann; David Naranjo-Gil; Paolo Perego

2010-01-01

326

Validity of a Scale to Measure Teachers' Attitudes towards Sex Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the current legislation requiring sex education as part of the school curriculum in Portugal, great obstacles to its implementation remain. Furthermore, sex education is far from being systematically administered. Thus, the main interest in our project was to validate a scale that measures teachers' attitudes towards sex education. There…

de Almeida Reis, Maria Helena; Vilar, Duarte Goncalo Rei

2006-01-01

327

Measuring Risk Attitudes in a Natural Experiment: Data from the Television Game Show Lingo  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use data from a television game show involving elementary lotteries as a natural experiment to measure risk attitudes. Unique features of our data set are the substantial monetary stakes and the large sample size. CRRA and CARA utility specifications perform approximately equally well. We find robust evidence of substantial risk aversion. Extensions of the basic model, which allow for

Roel M. W. J. Beetsma; Peter C. Schotman

2001-01-01

328

Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation examines the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures to develop and validate scales to measure environmental responsibility, character development and leadership, and attitudes toward school for environmental education programs servicing middle school children. The scales represent outcomes commonly of interest to…

Powell, Robert Baxter; Stern, Marc J.; Krohn, Brian D.; Ardoin, Nicole

2011-01-01

329

Measurement of attitude angles of single stator multi-degrees of freedom ultrasonic motor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to measure the attitude angles of our ultrasonic motor, a compact single stator multi-degree-of freedom (DOF) ultrasonic motor with a cylindrical stator and a spherical rotor is designed with one OEM encoder and 2D PSD (Position Sensitive Detector) sensor. The spherical rotor is rotated around three perpendicular axes by three natural vibrations excited on the stator. The OEM

Wu-Fal Liu; Zheng Tao; Lin-Na Zhang; Jian-She Gao; Feng-Xia Zhao; Peng Zhen

2010-01-01

330

Measuring Faculty Attitudes and Perceptions toward Disability at a Four-Year University: A Validity Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this study was to develop and field test the ExCEL survey instrument, intended to measure faculty attitudes toward and perceptions about students with disabilities at four-year colleges and universities. A secondary purpose was to examine how demographic characteristics of the sample and prior disability-focused training…

Lombardi, Allison

2010-01-01

331

A Comparative Investigation of the BigCAT and Erickson S-24 Measures of Speech-Associated Attitude  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The BigCAT and the Erickson S-24, self-report measures of communication attitude, were administered in a randomly determined order to 72 adults who stuttered (PWS) and 72 who did not (PWNS). The two groups of participants differed from each other to a statistically significant extent on both of these measures of speech-associated attitude,…

Vanryckeghem, Martine; Brutten, Gene J.

2012-01-01

332

Promoting Single-Parent Family Children's Attitudes toward Science and Science Performance through Extracurricular Science Intervention in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the efficacy of extracurricular science intervention in promoting students' science learning performance and attitudes toward science. The Junior High School Student Questionnaire (JSSQ) was used to measure attitudes toward science, sexist attitudes and perceptions of the classroom learning environment. Twenty-eight eighth…

Hong, Zuway-R.; Lin, Huann-shyang; Lawrenz, Frances

2008-01-01

333

Students' attitudes to digital radiography and measurement accuracy of two digital systems in connection with root canal treatment.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to evaluate students' attitudes towards digital radiography and measurement accuracy in digital images recorded with a CCD-sensor and a photostimulable phosphor (PSP) plate radiography system in connection with root canal treatment. Thirty-one dental students participated in an endodontic course. Two single-rooted teeth were assigned at random to two receptors for digital radiographic examination, either (i) the RVG-ui CCD sensor or (ii) the Digora PSP plate system. After the endodontic treatment had been completed for the first tooth, the student filled in a questionnaire on their use of the digital system. Thereafter, the students switched radiography system and repeated the procedure for the second tooth. Eventually, the students completed the questionnaire by answering questions that directly compared the two digital systems. The gutta-percha filled tooth was measured using the system's own software. Two measurements of each tooth were performed: total tooth length (TTL) and root filling length (RFL). The teeth were dismounted from the plaster blocks and the true TTL and RFL was measured with an electronic slide calliper. The majority of the students had used the contrast enhancement facility (CCD sensor = 52%, PSP = 71%) and the zoom facility (65-68%) whilst some had used the density enhancement facility (CCD sensor = 39%, PSP = 55%). The students stated that they saved more time when they used the CCD sensor than when they used the PSP system (P < 0.001), and that it was easier to position the tooth with the PSP plate than with the sensor (P < 0.01). The lengths measured on the digital images from both digital systems were marginally larger than the true tooth lengths (P < 0.05). However, there was no difference between the two digital systems for the TTL/RFL ratio (P > 0.05). PMID:15469443

Wenzel, A; Kirkevang, L-L

2004-11-01

334

Is the Patient Outcomes of Surgery (POS)Hand\\/Arm Questionnaire a Reliable, Valid and Responsive Measurement of Patient-Based Outcomes in Hand and Upper Limb Surgery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of our study was to evaluate a new region-specific outcome measure in hand and upper limb surgery: the Patient Outcomes of Surgery (POS)-Hand\\/Arm questionnaire using the generic Short Form Health Survey (SF)-36 questionnaire as a ‘gold standard’ comparative measure. The POS-Hand\\/Arm preop questionnaire and the SF-36 questionnaire were completed by 214 patients on the day of their hand

A. D. SCOTT; O. MUSA; F. AL-HASSANI; G. L. JONES; M. B. HOBSON; J. G. MILLER

2009-01-01

335

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

336

Psychometric testing of an instrument measuring nurse aides' patient safety attitudes.  

PubMed

perng s.-j. & yu m.-l. (2012) Journal of Nursing Management Psychometric testing of an instrument measuring nurse aides' patient safety attitudes Aim? To develop and test the patient safety attitude scale-nurse aide (PSAS-NA) scale in measuring nurse aides' attitudes to patient safety and event reporting. Background? Although nurse aides are unlicensed personnel, their roles in delivering care can not be ignored. A measure specific to nurse aides is needed. Methods? This is a cross-sectional design study. A literature review was conducted to generate items. Content validity, construct validity, convergent/divergent validity and internal consistency were examined. A convenient sample of 213 nurse aides working at two hospital-based long-term care institutions in Taiwan was recruited. Results? From the initial 61-item scale, a 39-item instrument was retained by principal component analysis (PCA) and four factors were extracted: daily safety practice, organizational safety strategies, event reporting practice and event reporting conflict. Four factors accounted for 51.74% of the total variance. Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.83 to 0.92. Event reporting conflict was significantly negatively correlated with event reporting practice (r?=?-0.16, P?attitudes to patient safety and event reporting. Health care mangers/supervisors can provide education and training programmes to nurse aides according to the assessment results. PMID:23410086

Perng, Shoa-Jen; Yu, Man-Ling

2012-06-19

337

Older and Younger Adults’ Attitudes Toward Feminism: The Influence of Religiosity, Political Orientation, Gender, Education, and Family  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study explored attitudes toward feminism in 245 U.S. college students and their older relatives. Participants\\u000a completed a scale of attitudes towards feminism, political orientation, a religiosity measure, and a demographic questionnaire.\\u000a Results indicated that older adults were more conservative than younger adults on their attitudes towards feminism, religiosity,\\u000a and political orientation measures. In the young adult sample, attitudes

Kathryn E. Fitzpatrick Bettencourt; Tammi Vacha-Haase; Zinta S. Byrne

2011-01-01

338

Anaesthetists' attitudes to teamwork and safety.  

PubMed

A questionnaire survey was conducted with 222 anaesthetists from 11 Scottish hospitals to measure their attitudes towards human and organisational factors that can have an impact on effective team performance and consequently on patient safety. A customised version of the Operating Room Management Attitude Questionnaire (ORMAQ) was used. This measures attitudes to leadership, communication, teamwork, stress and fatigue, work values, human error and organisational climate. The respondents generally demonstrated positive attitudes towards the interpersonal aspects of their work, such as team behaviours and they recognised the importance of communication skills, such as assertiveness. However, the results suggest that some anaesthetists do not fully appreciate the debilitating effects of stress and fatigue on performance. Their responses were comparable with (and slightly more favourable than) those reported in previous ORMAQ surveys of anaesthetists and surgeons in other countries. PMID:12603453

Flin, R; Fletcher, G; McGeorge, P; Sutherland, A; Patey, R

2003-03-01

339

Evaluating explicit and implicit death attitudes in funeral and university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper describes two studies assessing the relation of implicit death attitudes as measured by the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to explicit death attitudes as measured by questionnaires. In Study 1, 45 university students and 51 funeral service students completed the revised Death Anxiety Scale (DAS-R) and completed paper and pencil versions of the IAT measuring how much they

Jonathan F Bassett; James M Dabbs Jr

2003-01-01

340

Social and Economic Costs of Food Allergies in Europe: Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Costs and Health Utility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To develop a questionnaire to measure the additional social costs of food allergies (FAs). Data Source and Study Setting. People with FAs and sampled members of the general population (with and without FAs) in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom in 2006. Study Design. (1) Literature review. (2) Focus group to identify key costs of FAs and seek views

Margaret Fox; Jantine Voordouw; Miranda Mugford; J. R. Cornelisse-Vermaat; Gerrit Antonides; Lynn Frewer

2009-01-01

341

The Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire: A Measurement Invariance Examination among U.S. Anglos and U.S. Hispanics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to assess the measurement invariance of the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire (BVAQ) in U.S. Anglo (n = 490) and U.S. Hispanic (n = 379) samples of college students. The BVAQ items demonstrated invariance of the factor loadings, the latent item intercepts, and unique factor variances. However, Hispanics had higher…

Culhane, Scott E.; Morera, Osvaldo F.; Watson, P. J.; Millsap, Roger E.

2011-01-01

342

The Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire: A Measurement Invariance Examination among U.S. Anglos and U.S. Hispanics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this article is to assess the measurement invariance of the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire (BVAQ) in U.S. Anglo (n = 490) and U.S. Hispanic (n = 379) samples of college students. The BVAQ items demonstrated invariance of the factor loadings, the latent item intercepts, and unique factor variances. However, Hispanics had higher…

Culhane, Scott E.; Morera, Osvaldo F.; Watson, P. J.; Millsap, Roger E.

2011-01-01

343

Psychometric properties of questionnaires measuring associations between behavioral factors and diabetes care for youth with type 2 diabetes  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of the recency of the large numbers of youth diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D), measures of adherence behavior and family response to diabetes have not been developed or tested. The objective of this study is to identify whether questionnaires on personal and family behaviors regarding th...

344

Perceptions of Classroom Climate and Motivation to Study English in Saudi Arabia: Developing a Questionnaire to Measure Perceptions and Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study describes Effat University students' perceptions of their classroom climate and their motivation to study English, and investigates the validity and reliability of an Arabic questionnaire for measuring student perceptions and motivation. Method: To this end, 137 female students participated in the cross-cultural validation…

Maherzi, Sena

2011-01-01

345

Measuring Students' Emotions in the Early Years: The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School (AEQ-ES)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports about the development and validation of a measurement instrument assessing elementary school students' achievement emotions (Achievement Emotions Questionnaire-Elementary School, AEQ-ES). Specifically, the instrument assesses students' enjoyment, anxiety, and boredom pertaining to three types of academic settings (i.e.,…

Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; Pekrun, Reinhard; Stupnisky, Robert H.; Reiss, Kristina; Murayama, Kou

2012-01-01

346

The schema questionnaire: Investigation of psychometric properties and the hierarchical structure of a measure of maladaptive schemas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although schemas play a central role in cognitive conceptualizations of personality disorders, research devoted to the assessment of schemas has been scarce. This article describes the preliminary validation of a measure of schemas relevant to personality disorders. The Schema Questionnaire (SQ) was developed using five independent samples (N=1,564). In study 1, factor analyses using a student sample revealed 13 primary

Norman B. Schmidt; Thomas E. Joiner; Jeffery E. Young; Michael J. Telch

1995-01-01

347

Measuring physical activity among pregnant women using a structured one-week recall questionnaire: evidence for validity and reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of the components of physical activity during pregnancy can aid in our understanding of the dose response relationships between physical activity and corresponding perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a one-week recall questionnaire to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity during pregnancy. METHODS: To assess concurrent-related validity, 177 pregnant women (median

Kelly R Evenson; Fang Wen

2010-01-01

348

The Myth of Offenders' Deception on Self-Report Measure Predicting Recidivism: Example from the Self-Appraisal Questionnaire (SAQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two studies were conducted to investigate the vulnerability of the Self-Appraisal Questionnaire (SAQ) to deception and self-presentation biases. The SAQ is a self-report measure used to predict recidivism and guide institutional and program assignments. In the first study, comparisons were made between 429 volunteer offenders who completed the…

Loza, Wagdy; Loza-Fanous, Amel; Heseltine, Karen

2007-01-01

349

Questionnaire-Based Measures Are Valid for the Identification of Rural Households with Hunger and Food Insecurity1,2  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the validity of questionnaire-based measures for the identification of rural households with hunger and food insecurity. Data used were from a 1993 survey of 193 households with women and children living at home in a rural county. Two interviews provided data on demographics, factors contributing to food insecurity, coping strategies, fruit and vegetable consumption, disordered eating behaviors,

Edward A. Frongillo; Barbara S. Rauschenbach; Christine M. Olson; Anne Kendall; Ana G. Colmenares

350

Using the standard error of measurement to identify important changes on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To establish a link between the minimal important difference (MID) and the standard error of measurement (SEM) for all responsive dimensions of the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). Methods: Secondary data analysis of baseline and follow-up interview data from 198 outpatients with asthma enrolled in a randomized controlled trial and receiving care at a major urban academic medical

Kathleen W. Wyrwich; William M. Tierney; Fredric D. Wolinsky

2002-01-01

351

Measuring Physical Activity in Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Comparison of Two Physical Activity Questionnaires with an Accelerometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)-related exertional leg pain may limit physical activity, thereby contributing to mobility loss and increasing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in men and women with PAD. The objectives of this study were: (1) to compare objectively measured physical activity levels between patients with and without PAD, (2) to assess the validity of two physical activity questionnaires in patients

Kiang Liu; Erin OBrien; Jack M. Guralnik; Michael H. Criqui; Gary J. Martin; Philip Greenland; Mary McGrae McDermott

2000-01-01

352

Perceptions of Classroom Climate and Motivation to Study English in Saudi Arabia: Developing a Questionnaire to Measure Perceptions and Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: This study describes Effat University students' perceptions of their classroom climate and their motivation to study English, and investigates the validity and reliability of an Arabic questionnaire for measuring student perceptions and motivation. Method: To this end, 137 female students participated in the cross-cultural…

Maherzi, Sena

2011-01-01

353

Validating the Food Behavior Questions from the Elementary School SPAN Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The School Physical Activity and Nutrition (SPAN) questionnaire was developed as a surveillance instrument to measure physical activity, nutrition attitudes, and dietary and physical activity behaviors in children and adolescents. The SPAN questionnaire has 2 versions. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of…

Thiagarajah, Krisha; Fly, Alyce D.; Hoelscher, Deanna M.; Bai, Yeon; Lo, Kaman; Leone, Angela; Shertzer, Julie A.

2008-01-01

354

The measure of marital satisfaction: A questionnaire to screen parents for marital problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors describe a marital problem screening questionnaire designed to be given to parents whose children are attending a psychiatric clinic. The responses of the parents of 282 clinc children, 107 married control parents and 133 control parents who were recently divorced, supported the validity and reliability of the instrument. Five percent of the parents of the clinic children reported

Jane Kelso; Mark A. Stewart; Lillian Bullers; Robert Eginton

1984-01-01

355

Measuring Motivation Multidimensionally: Development of the Assessment of Individual Motives-Questionnaire (AIM-Q)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report the development of the Assessment of Individual Motives-Questionnaire (AIM-Q), a new instrument based on an evolutionary psychology theory of human motivation. It provides multitrait-multimethod (MTMM) assessment of individual differences on 15 motive scales. A total heterogeneous sample of N = 1,251 participated in eight studies that…

Bernard, Larry C.; Mills, Michael; Swenson, Leland; Walsh, R. Patricia

2008-01-01

356

VIRTUE-BASED MEASUREMENT OF ETHICAL LEADERSHIP: THE LEADERSHIP VIRTUES QUESTIONNAIRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approaching ethical leadership from a characterological perspective, this study reports on the creation of the Leadership Virtues Questionnaire (LVQ). Defining an ethical leader as one who adheres to the four cardinal virtues of prudence, fortitude, temperance, and justice, as discussed in the ancient texts of Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas, we developed a rating instrument for assessing leader virtues. A

Ronald E. Riggio; Weichun Zhu; Christopher Reina; James A. Maroosis

2010-01-01

357

Validation of a Questionnaire to Measure Mastery Motivation among Chinese Preschool Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to validate a questionnaire on mastery motivation (task and effort) for use with Chinese preschool children in Hong Kong. A parent version and a teacher version were developed and evaluated. Participants included 457 children (230 boys and 227 girls) aged four and five years old, their preschool teachers and their…

Leung, Cynthia; Lo, S. K.

2013-01-01

358

Validation of a Brief Measure of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Distressing Event Questionnaire (DEQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Distressing Event Questionnaire (DEQ) is a brief instrument for assessing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to criteria provided in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.). The DEQ possesses high internal consistency and exhibited satisfactory short-term temporal stability in studies with Vietnam War combat veterans and battered women. In a sample of Vietnam War veterans and 4

Edward S. Kubany; Mary Beth Leisen; Aaron S. Kaplan; Martin P. Kelly

2000-01-01

359

A General Factor-Analytic Procedure for Assessing Response Bias in Questionnaire Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article proposes procedures for simultaneously assessing and controlling acquiescence and social desirability in questionnaire items. The procedures are based on a semi-restricted factor-analytic tridimensional model, and can be used with binary, graded-response, or more continuous items. We discuss procedures for fitting the model (item…

Ferrando, Pere J.; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano; Chico, Eliseo

2009-01-01

360

Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire across the Adult Life Span  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) is designed to assess a person's proneness to committing cognitive slips and errors in the completion of everyday tasks. Although the CFQ is a widely used instrument, its factor structure remains an issue of scientific debate. The present study used data of a representative sample (N = 1,303, 24-83 years…

Rast, Philippe; Zimprich, Daniel; Van Boxtel, Martin; Jolles, Jellemer

2009-01-01

361

Measuring the meaning of life for patients with incurable cancer: The life evaluation questionnaire (LEQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical observation, systematic research and popular anecdote indicate that, when confronted by death, people change the criteria by which they evaluate their lives. Questionnaires used routinely to assess quality of life in people with poor-prognosis cancer tend to be symptom-based and do not assess factors which become important when confronted by fatal illness, such as the meaning of life and

P. Salmon; F. Manzi; R. M. Valori

1996-01-01

362

Measuring the Relationship between Two Questionnaires: Appropriate Definitions of Intuitive Understandings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of recent articles have claimed strong relationships--i.e., very high "proportions of shared variance"--between pairs of teaching and learning questionnaires. These claims have been the subject of debate and it has emerged that the proportion of shared variance is defined as the complement of Wilks' lambda. The present article argues that…

Burt, Gordon

2005-01-01

363

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire: scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures.  

PubMed

To formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In 3 studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy. PMID:19085285

Spreng, R Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C; Mar, Raymond A; Levine, Brian

2009-01-01

364

Measuring physical activity among pregnant women using a structured one-week recall questionnaire: evidence for validity and reliability  

PubMed Central

Background Accurate measurement of the components of physical activity during pregnancy can aid in our understanding of the dose response relationships between physical activity and corresponding perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a one-week recall questionnaire to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity during pregnancy. Methods To assess concurrent-related validity, 177 pregnant women (median 18 weeks' gestation, interquartile range (IQR) 15 -23) kept a structured diary and wore an accelerometer (Actigraph) for one week. At the conclusion of the week, they completed the Pregnancy Infection and Nutrition 3 (PIN3) physical activity questionnaire over the telephone. To assess evidence for test-retest reliability, 109 pregnant women (median 19 weeks' gestation, IQR 18-27) completed the questionnaire twice over the telephone, within 48 hours apart, recalling the same two time periods. Spearman correlation coefficients (SCC) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to assess evidence for validity and reliability, respectively. Results Comparison of the questionnaire to the structured diary was moderate to substantial (SCC 0.47 to 0.69) for several measures of moderate or vigorous physical activity using either perceived or absolute intensity. Comparison of moderate to vigorous physical activity from the questionnaire (absolute intensity using MET-hours/week) to the accelerometer ranged from 0.12 to 0.23 using SCC for absolute intensity (MET-hours/week) and 0.28 to 0.34 using relative intensity (hours/week) (n = 177). Test-retest reliability was moderate to almost perfect for moderate to vigorous physical activity, with the ICC ranging from 0.56 to 0.82 for both perceived and absolute intensities. Conclusions The PIN3 one-week recall questionnaire assessed moderate to vigorous physical activity in the past week with evidence for reliability and validity.

2010-01-01

365

Measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in intensive care units in the United Kingdom: a national postal questionnaire study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results. Completed questionnaires were received from 137 of the 207 hospitals surveyed (66.2% response rate). Only 1.5% of the respondents (n=2) had no prior knowledge of intra-abdominal hypertension and ACS. IAP had been measured on some occasion by 75.9% (n=104) of the respondents, always by the intravesical route. Among those intensive care units that measured IAP, in 93.2% (n=97) it

N. Ravishankar; J. Hunter

2005-01-01

366

Cultural Learning Environment: Validity and Application of a Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to develop and validate an instrument to assess students' culturally sensitive environments, and to examine associations between these factors and students' attitudes. A measure of students' environment, namely the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire (CLEQ), was developed. The instrument was influenced by the four…

Waldrip, Bruce G.; Fisher, Darrell L.

367

Measurement of attitude angles of single stator multi-degrees of freedom ultrasonic motor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to measure the attitude angles of our ultrasonic motor, a compact single stator multi-degree-of freedom (DOF) ultrasonic motor with a cylindrical stator and a spherical rotor is designed with one OEM encoder and 2D PSD (Position Sensitive Detector) sensor. The spherical rotor is rotated around three perpendicular axes by three natural vibrations excited on the stator. The OEM encoder disc is fixed on the rotor output shaft to measure the rotational angle of the output shaft. The PSD sensor is installed in loading sphere, and one LED is installed in the LED house, the line light emitted by the LED transmits along the output shaft axis and passes through the center of the spherical rotor, and then projects on the PSD surface, and the PSD and LED comprise the device to measure the pitch and roll of the rotor. The output current signals of the PSD sensor are changed into voltages, amplified by measuring circuits, converted into digital signals, and are transmitted to MCU. The attitude angles of the motor are calculated out using the proposed algorithm. The compact structure design of the motor makes the measurement of the attitude angles of the multi-DOF ultrasonic motor more practical and convenient.

Liu, Wu-Fal; Tao, Zheng; Zhang, Lin-Na; Gao, Jian-She; Zhao, Feng-Xia; Zhen, Peng

2010-08-01

368

[The use of validated questionnaires to measure adherence to arterial hypertension treatments: an integrative review].  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to analyze the scientific production in collective health regarding which validated questionnaires are being used to evaluate adherence to hypertension treatments. This integrative review was performed on the SciELO, MEDLINE and LILACS databases. Nine studies were selected, which used seven questionnaires: Moriski-Green Test, Cuestionário de Valoración de Adherencia, Cuestionário MBG, Questionário QAM-Q, Haynes Test, Escala de Conductas em Salud, and Hill-Bone compliance Scale. We concluded that the evaluation of hypertension treatment adherence is still an field open of research, due to the fact that the different instruments used have limitations, and there is no ideal method yet identified. PMID:22576556

Borges, José Wicto Pereira; Moreira, Thereza Maria Magalhães; Rodrigues, Malvina Thaís Pacheco; de Oliveira, Célida Juliana

2012-04-01

369

Comparison of micronutrient intake measured by a dietary questionnaire and biochemical indicators of micronutrient status13  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compared the intake of 12 micronutrients as reported on a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire with corresponding biochemical indicators of nutrient status in a sample of 57 males and 82 females aged 40-83 y. Age-, sex- and energy-adjusted correlation coefficients ranged from near zero for thiamin, vitamin A, and zinc to 0.63 for folate. Cor- relation coefficients between intake and

Paul F Jacques; James A Sadowski; David Rush; Walter C Willett

370

Ethical leadership at work questionnaire (ELW): Development and validation of a multidimensional measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development and validation of the multi-dimensional Ethical Leadership at Work (ELW) questionnaire. Based on theory, interviews and a student sample, we developed seven ethical leader behaviors (fairness, integrity, ethical guidance, people orientation, power sharing, role clarification, and concern for sustainability). We then tested the factor structure in two employee samples (first common-source, EFA; next multi-source, CFA).

Karianne Kalshoven; Deanne N. Den Hartog; Annebel H. B. De Hoogh

2011-01-01

371

Concordance of Adherence Measurement Using Self-Reported Adherence Questionnaires and Medication Monitoring Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of this review was to identify and examine the literature on the association between medication adherence self-reported questionnaires (SRQs) and medication monitoring devices. The primary literature search was performed for 1980-2009 using PubMed, PubMed In Process and Non-Indexed, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE In-Process, PsycINFO (EBSCO), CINAHL (EBSCO), Ovid HealthStar, EMBASE (Elsevier) and Cochrane Databases and using the

Lizheng Shi; Jinan Liu; Yordanka Koleva; Vivian Fonseca; Anupama Kalsekar; Manjiri Pawaskar

2010-01-01

372

Depressive symptoms among young Norwegian adolescents as measured by The Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a stratified random and representative sample of 2560 13- to 14-year-old Norwegian girls and boys, depressive symptoms\\u000a were assessed by means of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ). The MFQ showed a good internal consistency (?), and test-retest\\u000a correlations (r) for three-week and three-month intervals were 0.84 and 0.80 respectively. Convergent and discriminative validity\\u000a were also assessed. The mean

A. M. Sund; B. Larsson; L. Wichstrøm

2001-01-01

373

Measuring attitude toward Judaism: The internal consistency reliability of the Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and discusses the development and empirical properties of the 24-item Likert-type Katz–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism. The scale is designed to facilitate inter-faith comparisons within the psychology of religion alongside the well-established Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity. Data are provided from a sample of 618 Hebrew-speaking undergraduate students attending Bar-Ilan University. The findings confirm the

Leslie J. Francis; Y. J. Katz

2007-01-01

374

The Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM) Questionnaire Identifies Quality of Instruction as a Key Factor Predicting Academic Achievement  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE This study analyzes the reliability of the PHEEM questionnaire translated into Portuguese. We present the results of PHEEM following distribution to doctors in three different medical residency programs at a university hospital in Brazil. INTRODUCTION Efforts to understand environmental factors that foster effective learning resulted in the development of a questionnaire to measure medical residents’ perceptions of the level of autonomy, teaching quality and social support in their programs. METHODS The questionnaire was translated using the modified Brislin back-translation technique. Cronbach’s alpha test was used to ensure good reliability and ANOVA was used to compare PHEEM results among residents from the Surgery, Anesthesiology and Internal Medicine departments. The Kappa coefficient was used as a measure of agreement, and factor analysis was employed to evaluate the construct strength of the three domains suggested by the original PHEEM questionnaire. RESULTS The PHEEM survey was completed by 306 medical residents and the resulting Cronbach’s alpha was 0.899. The weighted Kappa was showed excellent reliability. Autonomy was rated most highly by Internal Medicine residents (63.7% ± 13.6%). Teaching was rated highest in Anesthesiology (66.7% ± 15.4%). Residents across the three areas had similar perceptions of social support (59.0% ± 13.3% for Surgery; 60.5% ± 13.6% for Internal Medicine; 61.4% ± 14.4% for Anesthesiology). Factor analysis suggested that nine factors explained 58.9% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS This study indicates that PHEEM is a reliable instrument for measuring the quality of medical residency programs at a Brazilian teaching hospital. The results suggest that quality of teaching was the best indicator of overall response to the questionnaire.

Vieira, Joaquim Edson

2008-01-01

375

Attitudes of university precalculus students toward mathematics.  

PubMed

To investigate the attitudes of 200 university students (83% freshmen) toward mathematics, a questionnaire was administered to report on their attitudes toward mathematics. Analysis indicated that students studying precalculus had a somewhat positive attitude toward mathematics. PMID:15941096

Alkhateeb, Haitham M; Mji, Andile

2005-04-01

376

Attitudes of Israeli Jewish and Arab high school students toward alcohol control measures.  

PubMed

This article describes a study carried out in the winter of 1997 in order to determine the attitudes of 2,186 adolescents of four religions in the north of Israel toward eight alcohol control measures: Taxation on alcohol, age limit for buying alcohol, restrictions on types of outlets which are allowed to sell alcohol to minors, restrictions on opening hours of pubs, restrictions on advertising of alcohol, limit of blood level of alcohol when driving, the authority of policemen concerning the testing of drunk drivers, and restrictions on roadside alcohol outlets. Findings indicate that the majority of the respondents tend to enhance alcohol control measures pertaining to alcohol and driving issues, but only about a third of the participants tend to enhance alcohol control measures in the other domains. In addition, Arabs tend to favor restrictive attitudes toward alcohol control measures in comparison with Jews, and Arab females tend to favor such attitudes more than Arab males. Implications for prevention and effective alcohol policy are discussed. PMID:10349826

Weiss, S

1999-01-01

377

New sensor for triangulation measurement of AGV attitude and position  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work discusses the working principle and mechanical details of a new scanning transducer for angle measurement between IR modulated emitters placed in known positions. The system can be used for position estimation of AGVs inside structured environments. Position is computed by triangulation. The advantage of the proposed transducer is that, having approximately the same accuracy of the commonly widespread laser system, it makes us of active targets, which allow a further degree of freedom: height for target installation. In other words, coplanarity between targets and plane of scanning is no longer required. Consequently, target visibility may be achieved even in the case of bulky machinery placed inside the factory environment. Repeatability error in angle estimation is +/- 47 arcseconds, which means that positional accuracy in a square 10 m room is +/- 2 mm.

De Cecco, Mario

2001-09-01

378

Influence of parental attitudes towards Internet use on the employment of online safety measures at home.  

PubMed

In this paper we present the results of a cross-sectional study of the entire adolescent student population aged 12-18 of the island of Kos and their parents, on Internet safety-related practices and attitudes towards the Internet. Total sample was 2017 students and 1214 parent responders. Research material included extended demographics and an Internet security questionnaire, the Internet Attitudes Scale (IAS) for parents and the Adolescent Computer Addiction Test (ACAT) for children and both parents. Both parents thus provided their views on their children's computer use and an estimate for their degree of computer addiction which was tested against their child's self-report. Results indicated that fathers and mothers who had negative views of the Internet, tended to encourage less their children to engage in online activities and worried more for the possibility that their child is addicted to computer use; their worries weren't correlated with their children's results. Parental views on the Internet had no effect on the level of security precautions they employed at home. Those parents who reported a low level of security knowledge and were unsure as to what their children were doing online, tended to consider their children more likely to be addicted to computer use; those views were confirmed by their children' self-reported results. PMID:22954830

Floros, Georgios; Siomos, Konstantinos; Dafouli, Evaggelia; Fisoun, Virginia; Geroukalis, Dimitrios

2012-01-01

379

A scale for measuring attitude toward private label products and an examination of its psychological and behavioral correlates  

Microsoft Academic Search

A measure of consumers’ attitude toward private label brands is developed, and its psychometric properties are assessed. Predictions\\u000a are then tested regarding relationships between private label attitude and (1) latent perceptual and sales promotion constructs,\\u000a and (2) purchase behaviors measured in a field setting. The measure is positively related to value consciousness, deal proneness,\\u000a and smart-shopper self-perceptions, and negatively related

Scot Burton; Donald R. Lichtenstein; Richard G. Netemeyer; Judith A. Garretson

1998-01-01

380

Integrated attitude determination and control system via magnetic measurements and actuation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nonlinear control scheme using a Modified State-Dependent Riccati Equation (MSDRE) is developed through a pseudo-linearization of spacecraft augmented nonlinear dynamics and kinematics. The full-state knowledge required for the control loop is provided through a generalized algorithm for spacecraft three-axis attitude and rate estimation based on the utilization of magnetometer measurements and their time derivatives, while the control torque is

Mohammad Abdelrahman; Sang-Young Park

2011-01-01

381

Individual Assessment of Media Writing Student Attitudes: Recasting the Mass Communication Writing Apprehension Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Q Methodology was used to recast the Mass Communication Writing Apprehension Measure (MCWAM) created in 1988 and 1992 studies of students. Objectives included assessing the multidimensionality of the MCWAM and the nature of positive and negative attitudes toward writing. Using a pretest, posttest approach, this study produced in-depth information on two factors of students: Optimists\\/Professionals and Doubters\\/Pessimists. After a sixteen-week

Mark N. Popovich; Mark H. Massé

2005-01-01

382

An Analysis of Attitudes toward Statistics: Gender Differences among Advertising Majors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study measures advertising students' attitudes toward statistics. Subjects, 275 undergraduate advertising students from two southwestern United States universities, completed a questionnaire used to gauge students' attitudes toward statistics by measuring 6 underlying factors: (1) students' interest and future applicability; (2) relationship…

Fullerton, Jami A.; Umphrey, Don

383

Need for cognitive closure and politics: Voting, political attitudes and attributional style  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of dispositional Need for Cognitive Closure (NFC) on different political attitudes and on the “person blame” and the “system blame” dimensions. Two hundred and thirty-four psychology students completed a questionnaire containing the Italian version of the Need for Closure scale, a measure of political and ideological attitudes, a measure of the person-system blame dimensions, and

Antonio Chirumbolo; Alessandra Areni; Gilda Sensales

2004-01-01

384

Minneapolis Junior and Senior High School Students' Attitudes Toward School May 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a 93-item student attitude measure, the Student Opinion Questionnaire (SOQ.) The SOQ measures attitudes in the following areas: general listing of school, interest in learning, unfair punishment, self concept, friendly atmosphere, envolvement in decision making, class discussions, positive reinforcement,…

Johnson, Lary; Faunce, R. W.

385

Evidence Based-Practice and Affect: The Impact of Physician Attitudes on Outcomes Associated with Clinical Reasoning and Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between obstetrician attitudes and patient outcomes from intrapartum care was examined. Obstetrician attitudes were assessed utilizing a newly-designed pilot 35-item obstetrician attitude questionnaire (OAQ). Twelve obstetricians completed the OAQ, who provided intra-partum care to 4,149 women. Outcome measures included delivery…

Dunphy, Bruce; Dunphy, Stacey; Cantwell, Robert; Bourke, Sid; Fleming, Mark

2010-01-01

386

Etude de la stabilité de l'attitude scolaire entre la troisième et la cinquième année du niveau élémentaire, chez des sujets masculins  

Microsoft Academic Search

A longitudinal study of attitude toward school was conducted among 30 elementary school boys. A projective test of attitudes toward school (ATS) and a teacher's questionnaire were employed for the test–retest. According to the ATS measure, there was a significant difference in the attitude toward school between Grades 3 and 5 although there was no significant difference according to the

Guy Thibaudeau

1983-01-01

387

Preliminary Psychometric Properties of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire–II: A Revised Measure of Psychological Inflexibility and Experiential Avoidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research describes the development and psychometric evaluation of a second version of the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-II), which assesses the construct referred to as, variously, acceptance, experiential avoidance, and psychological inflexibility. Results from 2,816 participants across six samples indicate the satisfactory structure, reliability, and validity of this measure. For example, the mean alpha coefficient is .84 (.78–.88),

Frank W. Bond; Steven C. Hayes; Ruth A. Baer; Kenneth M. Carpenter; Nigel Guenole; Holly K. Orcutt; Tom Waltz; Robert D. Zettle

2011-01-01

388

Measuring patients' experiences and views of the emergency and urgent care system: psychometric testing of the urgent care system questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPatients seeking emergency and urgent care tend to experience a system, making choices about which service to use and making use of a number of services within a healthcare episode. The aim was to psychometrically test the Urgent Care System Questionnaire (UCSQ) for the routine measurement of the patient perspective of the emergency and urgent care system.MethodsThe UCSQ was developed

Alicia OCathain; Emma Knowles; Jon Nicholl

2011-01-01

389

The four-dimensional symptom questionnaire (4DSQ): measuring distress and other mental health problems in a working population  

Microsoft Academic Search

In non-clinical (working) populations it is important to differentiate between general distress, on the one hand, and psychiatric symptoms—depression, anxiety and somatization—on the other hand. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a new instrument that measures these four symptom dimensions (Terluin, 1996). This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the 4DSQ in a working population. A postal stress

Berend Terluin; Willem Van Rhenen; Wilmar B. Schaufeli; Marten De Haan

2004-01-01

390

Use of tobacco in Kenya: Sources of information, beliefs and attitudes toward tobacco control measures among primary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe purpose of this study was to present preliminary data on sources of and exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco messages. A questionnaire was administered to 1130 Kenyan primary schoolchildren. Forty-seven percent had received risk information from broadcast media and 88% was exposed to tobacco advertisements. Nonsmokers held more favorable attitudes toward control policies and were less frequently exposed to pro-and

Anne N. ÅStrØm; Ezra A. Ogwell

2004-01-01

391

Measuring smoking knowledge, attitudes and services (S-KAS) among clients in addiction treatment  

PubMed Central

Background Addiction treatment programs are increasingly working to address prevalent and comorbid tobacco dependence in their service populations. However at present there are few published measurement tools, with known psychometric properties, that can be used to assess client-level constructs related to tobacco dependence in addiction treatment settings. Following on previous work that developed a staff-level survey instrument, this report describes the development and measurement characteristics of the Smoking Knowledge, Attitudes and Services (S-KAS) for use with clients in addiction treatment settings. Method 250 clients enrolled in residential drug abuse treatment programs were surveyed. Summary statistics were used to characterize both the participants and their responses, and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to examine the underlying factor structure. Results Examination of the rotated factor pattern indicated that the latent structure was formed by one Knowledge factor, one Attitude factor, and two “service” factors reflecting Program Services and Clinician Services related to tobacco dependence. Standardized Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for the four scales were, respectively, .57, .75, .82 and .82. Conclusions The proposed scales have reasonably good psychometric characteristics, although the knowledge scale leaves room for improvement, and will allow researchers to quantify client knowledge, attitudes and services regarding tobacco dependence treatment. Researchers, program administrators, and clinicians may find the S-KAS useful in changing organizational culture and clinical practices related to tobacco addiction, help in program evaluation studies, and in tracking and improving client motivation.

Guydish, Joseph; Tajima, Barbara; Chan, Mable; Delucchi, Kevin L.; Ziedonis, Douglas

2010-01-01

392

A systematic review of instruments that measure attitudes toward homosexual men.  

PubMed

Scientific interest in the measurement of homophobia and internalized homophobia has grown over the past 30 years, and new instruments and terms have emerged. To help researchers with the challenging task of identifying appropriate measures for studies in sexual-minority health, we reviewed measures of homophobia published in the academic literature from 1970 to 2012. Instruments that measured attitudes toward male homosexuals/homosexuality or measured homosexuals' internalized attitudes toward homosexuality were identified using measurement manuals and a systematic review. A total of 23 instruments met criteria for inclusion, and their features were summarized and compared. All 23 instruments met minimal criteria for adequate scale construction, including scale development, sampling, reliability, and evidence of validity. Validity evidence was diverse and was categorized as interaction with gay men, HIV/AIDS variables, mental health, and conservative religious or political beliefs. Homophobia was additionally correlated with authoritarianism and bias, gender ideology, gender differences, and reactions to homosexual stimuli. Internalized homophobia was validated by examining relationships with disclosing one's homosexuality and level of homosexual identity development. We hope this review will make the process of instrument selection more efficient by allowing researchers to easily locate, evaluate, and choose the proper measure based on their research question and population of interest. PMID:23480076

Grey, Jeremy A; Robinson, Beatrice Bean E; Coleman, Eli; Bockting, Walter O

2013-01-01

393

Danish and Chinese adolescents' perceptions of healthy eating and attitudes toward regulatory measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article aims to examine young consumers' perceptions of healthy eating, contexts where healthy or unhealthy eating are practiced, and their evaluation of regulatory measures that discourage the consumption of unhealthy foods in two different markets. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A convenience sampled survey was conducted of 386 Danish and Chinese adolescents using a structured questionnaire. Findings – Results showed

Kara Chan; Gerard Prendergast; Alice Grønhøj; Tino Bech-Larsen

2011-01-01

394

Do Smokers Know What We're Talking About? The Construct Validity of Nicotine Dependence Questionnaire Measures  

PubMed Central

Few studies have examined whether nicotine dependence self-report questionnaires can predict specific behaviors and symptoms at specific points in time. The current study used data from a randomized clinical trial (n = 608; Piper et al., 2007) to assess the construct validity of scales and items from three nicotine dependence measures: the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (Heatherton, Kozlowski, Frecker & Fagerström, 1991), the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (Shiffman, Waters & Hickcox, 2004), and the Wisconsin Index of Smoking Dependence Motives (Piper et al, 2004). Scales from these measures were used to predict participants' reports on real-time measures of withdrawal symptoms and smoking behavior and retrospective self-report questionnaires to assess convergent and discriminative validity. The nicotine dependence measures' scales and items generally predicted the real-time measures of similar constructs, but the percent of variance accounted for was low. The nicotine dependence measures did, however, show evidence of discriminative validity. Thus, this study provides modest support for the construct validity of these nicotine dependence scales.

Japuntich, S. J.; Piper, M. E.; Schlam, T. R.; Bolt, D. M.; Baker, T. B.

2010-01-01

395

Parity Effects on Maternal Attitudes During Pregnancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, which investigates the association of parity and maternal attitudes during pregnancy, a 30-item questionnaire was completed by 17 primiparous and 33 multiparous mothers in their 8th month of pregnancy at the Obstetrics-Gynocology Clinic at a university medical center. Measures were obtained on five scales: quality of available…

Fuchs, Karen D.; Self, Patricia A.

396

A questionnaire to measure satisfaction with community services for informal carers of stroke patients: construction and initial piloting.  

PubMed

Stroke affects 120 000 people each year in the UK and is the most common cause of adult-onset disability. Most stroke patients are cared for at home by informal carers. Support for these carers is provided by the community services, but although single-item measures have shown that there is a relatively high level of dissatisfaction with those services, there is no specific satisfaction measurement instrument. The present study aimed to construct and initially validate a questionnaire to measure carers' satisfaction with community services for clinical and research purposes. Qualitative interviews with a purposive sample of informal carers of stroke patients identified via stroke unit discharge records gave information about content, context and language. Together with information from the carers' literature, this formed the basis of the questionnaire. A self-completion questionnaire proved unacceptable to carers with a very poor response rate (20%). Face-to-face interviews were more acceptable, with the questionnaire taking approximately 10 minutes to administer. All carers approached agreed to take part and only three carers dropped out from follow up, all because of reasons not related to the study. Initial validity and reliability testing with a sample of 44 carers identified through stroke groups and general practice showed good correlation with a single-item satisfaction measure (RHO = 0.797), test-retest reliability (RHO = 0.885) and inter-rater reliability (RHO = 0.868), and a high degree of internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.859). Further validation with larger and more diverse groups of informal carers is needed before the questionnaire can be considered to be a robust and reliable tool. Factor analysis revealed seven factors: information about community support and involving the carer; amount, appropriateness and coordination of services; information about stroke; speed of change and concern about the carer; listening to the carer and being heard; problem management; and confidence in and accuracy of information. These factors have marked similarities to those found in the field of patient satisfaction with community services. PMID:14629215

Simon, Chantal; Little, Paul; Birtwistle, Jon; Kendrick, Tony

2003-03-01

397

An operative measure of workplace bullying: the negative acts questionnaire across Italian companies.  

PubMed

Workplace bullying has been a topic of increasing interest since the 90s. Several studies have contributed to a better understanding of the antecedents and consequences of being exposed to negative acts at work during a prolonged period of time. However, there is a lack of validated instruments in Italian to map workplace bullying. Consequently, the goal of the present study is twofold. First, the authors aim to validate the Italian version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R: Einarsen and Hoel, 2001; Einarsen, et al., 2009). Second, the authors aim to establish the prevalence of workplace bullying. Results from 3,112 employees nested within 25 Italian organizations revealed that a reduced version of 17 items with a two-factor structure provided the best fit. Moreover, the prevalence of bullying was 15.2 per cent according to the criteria proposed by Mikkelsen and Einarsen (2001). Furthermore, significant correlations between bullying dimensions and organizational climate were found, which provided additional support for using the NAQ-Italian reduced version. Implications to prevent bullying and improve employees' well-being using this method are discussed. PMID:22020012

Giorgi, Gabriele; Arenas, Alicia; Leon-Perez, Jose M

2011-10-20

398

Development of the Ways of Helping Questionnaire: A Measure of Preferred Coping Strategies for Older African American Cancer Survivors  

PubMed Central

Although researchers have identified beneficial coping strategies for cancer patients, existing coping measures do not capture the preferred coping strategies of older African American cancer survivors. A new measure, the Ways of Helping Questionnaire (WHQ), was evaluated with 385 African American cancer survivors. Validity evidence from factor analysis resulted in 10 WHQ subscales (Others There for Me, Physical and Treatment Care Needs, Help from God, Church Family Support, Helping Others, Being Strong for Others, Encouraging My Healthy Behaviors, Others Distract Me, Learning about Cancer, and Distracting Myself). Reliability evidence was generally strong. Evidence regarding hypothesized relationships with measures of well-being and another coping measure was mixed. The WHQ’s content coverage makes it especially relevant for older African American cancer survivors.

Hamilton, Jill B.; Stewart, Barbara J.; Crandell, Jamie L.; Lynn, Mary

2009-01-01

399

The relationship between electromyogram level and the Children's Personality Questionnaire as measures of tension in upper elementary gifted students.  

PubMed

This study investigated the relationship between biofeedback and tension as measured by an EMG and a self-report inventory, the Children's Personality Questionnaire (CPQ), in a sample of 37 intellectually gifted fourth- through seventh-graders. Results showed that indirect factors that measure tension on the CPQ were correlated significantly with biofeedback measures. Those subjects who became the most relaxed during the biofeedback training appeared the least tense on the CPQ. Contrary to these findings, the Relaxed-Tense factor of the CPQ was correlated significantly and negatively with biofeedback measures, which indicates that subjects may not have been aware of their own tense state and thus would benefit from biofeedback training. PMID:3980740

Karnes, F A; Oehler, J J; Jones, G E

1985-03-01

400

A Self-Administered Questionnaire to Measure Dependence on Cigarettes: The Cigarette Dependence Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

A valid measure of dependence on cigarettes is a useful tool for clinicians and researchers. The aim of this study was to develop a new, self-administered measure of cigarette dependence, and to assess its validity. The content of the instrument was generated in qualitative surveys. A long version (114 items) was tested on the internet in 3009 smokers. Subsamples provided

Jean-François Etter; Jacques Le Houezec; Thomas V Perneger; J-F Etter

2003-01-01

401

Usage and Attitudes of Physicians in Japan Concerning Traditional Japanese Medicine (Kampo Medicine): A Descriptive Evaluation of a Representative Questionnaire-Based Survey  

PubMed Central

Kampo medicine has been the primary medical model in Japan until the mid 1800s, regained a prominent role in today's Japanese medical system. Today, 148 herbal Kampo formulas can be prescribed under the national health insurance system, allowing physicians to integrate Kampo in their daily practice. This article aims to provide information about the extent to which Kampo is now used in clinics throughout Japan and about physician's current attitudes toward Kampo. We used the results of a 2008 survey that was administered to physicians throughout Japan (n = 684). The data showed that 83.5% of physicians currently use Kampo in the clinic, although the distribution of physicians who use Kampo differ widely depending on the specialty and provided a breakdown of Kampo usage by specialty. It will be interesting to see how each specialty incorporates Kampo into its respective field as Kampo continues to play a pertinent role in Japanese medical system.

Moschik, E. C.; Mercado, C.; Yoshino, T.; Matsuura, K.; Watanabe, K.

2012-01-01

402

Exploring the attitudes of public library staff to the Internet using the TAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation into the attitudes of public library staff in the UK towards the Internet involved use of a mixture of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The use of an attitude measurement model, an amended version of the technology acceptance model in a questionnaire survey is detailed here and its value to the study in question deliberated on. Quantitative results

Rachel Spacey; Anne Goulding; Ian Murray

2004-01-01

403

Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery in Middle-Aged Women: Body Image, Aging Anxiety, and the Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our study investigated factors that influence attitudes toward cosmetic surgery in middle-aged women. A sample of 108 women, aged between 35 and 55 years, completed questionnaire measures of body dissatisfaction, appearance investment, aging anxiety, media exposure (television and magazine), and attitudes toward cosmetic surgery (delineated in…

Slevec, Julie; Tiggemann, Marika

2010-01-01

404

A Residual Is More Than a Chi-Square: Patterns in Attitudes Toward Blindness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Attitude Toward Blindness Questionnaire (ATBQ) was developed to assess individual progress through a Veterans Administration blind rehabilitation program. The instrument is also meant to measure attitudes toward blindness for blind persons, rehabilitation workers, and a "naive" group without contact with the blind. A method of assessing model…

Ludlow, Larry H.

405

An Analysis of Attitudes and Coping Strategies of High School Youth: Response to Air Pollution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research study was to develop and test new instruments for assessing attitudes and coping responses to air pollution, and to gain insight into the factors influencing these attitudes and coping responses. Concern for air pollution was measured by two instruments a forced choice questionnaire which paired air pollution control…

Swan, James Albert

406

Attitudes toward Rape among African American Male and Female College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates how African American male and female college students differ in their attitudes concerning rape. Two hundred and ten college students completed a 12-item questionnaire designed to measure their views toward this issue. Differences are discussed in the context of sexism and rape myths. Strategies for changing students' attitudes toward…

Sapp, Marty; Farrell, Walter C., Jr.; Johnson, James H., Jr.; Hitchcock, Kim

1999-01-01

407

Student attitudes toward statistics before and after a computer-integrated introductory statistics course  

Microsoft Academic Search

A validated questionnaire measuring the attitude of engineering students toward statistics was administered to 46 male and 17 female undergraduate engineers during the first and last week of class. The objective was to test the hypothesis that a newly designed computer-integrated statistics course positively affects students' attitudes toward statistics. For the students as a whole, no significant difference is found

Teri Reed Rhoads; Norma Faris Hubele

2000-01-01

408

Sexual Attitudes and Activities in Women with Borderline Personality Disorder Involved in Romantic Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) are prone to have sexual relationship difficulties and dysfunctional attitudes toward sexuality. A sample of 34 heterosexual couples composed of women meeting BPD criteria was compared to a sample of dating or married women from the general population. A short form of the Sexual Activities and Attitudes Questionnaire (SAAQ) was used to measure six

Sébastien Bouchard; Natacha Godbout; Stéphane Sabourin

2009-01-01

409

Attitudes toward Cosmetic Surgery in Middle-Aged Women: Body Image, Aging Anxiety, and the Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Our study investigated factors that influence attitudes toward cosmetic surgery in middle-aged women. A sample of 108 women, aged between 35 and 55 years, completed questionnaire measures of body dissatisfaction, appearance investment, aging anxiety, media exposure (television and magazine), and attitudes toward cosmetic surgery (delineated in…

Slevec, Julie; Tiggemann, Marika

2010-01-01

410

The Effect of Physical Attractiveness on the Perception of Attitude Similarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Male and female college students' (total N = 220) perception of attitude similarity to opposite sex others of either high, medium, or low physical attractiveness was measured. This was accomplished by using the discrepancy between an S's response to a 15 item attitude questionnaire pertaining both to self and to a 5 “X 7” full length color photograph previously rated

Robert C. Mashman

1978-01-01

411

Development of the Seasonal Beliefs Questionnaire: A Measure of Cognitions Specific to Seasonal Affective Disorder.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rohan's (2002) integrative, cognitive-behavioral model proposes that individuals with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) experience frequent thoughts related to light availability and the seasons. To date, no measure exists to determine the existence and e...

R. D. Lippy

2005-01-01

412

Assessment of Questionnaire Validity for Measuring Total Fat Intake using Plasma Lipid Levels as Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The validation of dietary total fat measurements has been elusive because no specific biomarker exists. In metabolic studies with controlled diets, plasma fasting triglyceride levels are reduced with higher fat intake and can thus serve as an \\

Walter Willett; Meir Stampfer; Nain-Feng Chu; Donna Spiegelman; Michelle Holmes; Eric Rimm

413

Attitudes toward homosexuality: Feminist attitudes and sexual conservatism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes toward homosexuality, attitudes toward women, sexual conservatism, social desirability, masculinity, femininity, and psychological androgyny were measured in 104 male and female subjects. Both nonfeminist and conservative sexual attitudes independently correlated with antihomosexual attitudes. Antihomosexual individuals held more stereotyped attitudes regarding women and defined acceptable heterosexual behaviors more narrowly than prohomosexual individuals. Psychological androgyny, measured with Bem's Sex-Role Inventory, did

Fred A. Minnigerode

1976-01-01

414

Development of a measure quantifying adverse psychotherapeutic ingredients: the Experiences of Therapy Questionnaire (ETQ).  

PubMed

While psychotherapies are of established value, they may, as active treatments, risk adverse outcomes. As there is no validated measure of potentially negative psychotherapeutic ingredients, we sought to develop such a measure for use in psychotherapy evaluation studies. Based on a review of the literature, a 103-item experiential measure was derived. Psychometric properties and scale score correlates were examined in a sample of more than 700 respondents. Principal component analyses revealed a five-factor solution, explaining 53.4% of the variance; namely 'Negative Therapist', 'Pre-occupying Therapy', 'Beneficial Therapy', 'Idealization of Therapist' and 'Passive Therapist' constructs. Derived factors had high internal consistency, and scale scores were correlated with a number of clinically relevant demographic and treatment characteristics. An independent study established high test-retest reliability for the measure. Assessment of any adverse effects of psychotherapy is of clinical and research significance. We report the development of a measure that should allow the impact of such effects to be quantified in treatment studies, and especially in apportioning the contribution of such non-specific therapeutic effects. PMID:23337740

Parker, Gordon; Fletcher, Kathryn; Berk, Michael; Paterson, Amelia

2013-01-18

415

The perceptions of library service questionnaire (PLSQ): The development of a reliable instrument to measure student perceptions of and satisfaction with quality of service in an academic library  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a reliable, short questionnaire (PLSQ) to measure student perceptions of and satisfaction with quality of service in an academic library. This formed part of a wider study to evaluate student awareness and use of library services and staff support. This included the simultaneous development of a ‘factual’ questionnaire and two small scale observational studies,

Christine Doyle

1995-01-01

416

Social skills and attitudes associated with substance use behaviors among young adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine how adolescents’ attitudes and social skills affect current substance use and intentions to use substances in the future.Methods: An anonymous questionnaire was administered to 2646 seventh graders in their classrooms. The questionnaire was developed to measure the frequency of tobacco, alcohol, and other substance use, anticipated use, positive attitudes toward drug use, self-efficacy to say “no,” decision-making

Shari L. Barkin; Karen S. Smith; Robert H. DuRant

2002-01-01

417

Measuring the attitudes of healthcare providers in Dane County toward adolescent immunization with HPV vaccine  

PubMed Central

Objective Evaluate regional healthcare practitioners’ views of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination recommendations for adolescent patients through a mailed survey. Methods A 16-question self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 518 physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners in Dane County, WI working in family medicine, pediatrics, or gynecology in September 2006. The survey addressed providers’ willingness to recommend the HPV vaccine, as well as targeted patient populations to recommend the vaccine to in their own practices and justifications provided to patients regarding the benefits of HPV vaccination. Results We had a 39% response rate. The majority (95%) of providers were willing to recommend the HPV vaccine to their adolescent patients. Most practitioners (67%) are planning to recommend the vaccine to their female patients only and are most comfortable vaccinating patients >10 years of age. Healthcare providers are looking to their own health professional organizations for vaccination recommendations. Conclusion Healthcare providers in family medicine, pediatrics, and gynecology in Dane County, WI have positive attitudes regarding HPV vaccine recommendation in their adolescent patients.

Jensen, Megan E.; Hartenbach, Ellen; McElroy, Jane A.; Faerber, Adrienne; Havighurst, Thomas; Kim, KyungMann; Bailey, Howard H.

2010-01-01

418

Modeling Incomplete Scaled Questionnaire Data with a Partial Credit Hierarchical Measurement Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The partial credit hierarchical measurement model (HMM) results when a partial credit IRT model and a hierarchical linear model are combined (Bryk & Raudenbush, 1992; Masters, 1982). This combined model enables the standard errors of parameters to be estimated accurately. The partial credit HMM is illustrated using a subset of data from the Sloan Study of Youth and Social Development,

Kimberly S. Maier

2002-01-01

419

Development of a Measure of Experiential Avoidance: The Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential avoidance (EA) has been conceptualized as the tendency to avoid negative internal experiences and is an important concept in numerous conceptualizations of psychopathology as well as theories of psychotherapy. Existing measures of EA have either been narrowly defined or demonstrated unsatisfactory internal consistency and/or evidence…

Gamez, Wakiza; Chmielewski, Michael; Kotov, Roman; Ruggero, Camilo; Watson, David

2011-01-01

420

Translation and measurement properties of the Swedish version of ACL-Return to Sports after Injury questionnaire.  

PubMed

Psychological factors may be a hindrance for returning to sport after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The ACL-Return to Sport after Injury scale (ACL-RSI) measures athletes' emotions, confidence in performance, and risk appraisal in relation to return to sport. The aim of this study was to translate the ACL-RSI scale from English to Swedish and to examine some of the measurement properties of the Swedish version. The ACL-RSI was translated and culturally adapted. A professional expert group and five patients evaluated face validity. One hundred and eighty-two patients completed the translated ACL-RSI, a project-specific questionnaire, the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), the Knee-Self-Efficacy Scale (K-SES), the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC-C), the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and the Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Quality of Life (ACL-QoL) questionnaires. Fifty-three patients answered the ACL-RSI twice to examine reproducibility. The ACL-RSI showed good face validity, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.948), low floor and ceiling effects and high construct validity when evaluated against the TSK, K-SES, MHLC-C, KOOS, and ACL-QoL scales. The reproducibility was also high (intra-class correlation?=?0.893). Therefore, the ACL-RSI can be used to evaluate psychological factors relevant to returning to sport after ACL reconstruction surgery. PMID:22257241

Kvist, J; Osterberg, A; Gauffin, H; Tagesson, S; Webster, K; Ardern, C

2012-01-18

421

Environmental Opportunities Questionnaire: development of a measure of the environment supporting early motor development in the first year of life.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: The development and testing of a measure evaluating the quality and variability in the home environment as it relates to the motor development of infants during the first year of life. Methods: A sample of 112 boys and 95 girls with a mean age of 7.1 months (SD 1.8) and GA of 39.6 weeks (SD 1.5) participated in the study. The measurement development process was divided into three phases: measurement development (item generation or selection of items from existing measurement tools), pilot testing to determine acceptability and feasibility to parents, and exploratory factor analysis to organize items into meaningful concepts. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency were also determined. Results: The Environmental Opportunities Questionnaire (EOQ) is a feasible 21-item measure comprised of three factors including opportunities in the play space, sensory variety and parental encouragement. Overall, test-retest reliability was 0.92 (CI 0.84-0.96) and the internal consistency is 0.79. The EOQ emphasizes quality of the environment and access to equipment and toys that have the potential to facilitate early motor development. Conclusion: The preliminary analyses reported here suggest more work could be done on the EOQ to strengthen its use for research or clinical purposes; however, it is adequate for use in its current form. Implications for Rehabilitation New and feasible 21-item questionnaire that enables identification of malleable environmental factors that serve as potential points of intervention for children that are not developing typically. Therapeutic tool for use by therapists to inform and guide discussions with caregivers about potential influences of environmental, social and attitudinal factors in their child's early development. PMID:23350756

Doralp, Samantha; Bartlett, Doreen J

2013-01-25

422

Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development, reliability, and factor structure of a finely differentiated (18 dimensions) parent-report measure of temperament in 1.5- to 3-year-old children, using a cross-sectional sample (N=317) and a longitudinal sample of primary (N=104) and secondary (N=61) caregivers. Adequate internal consistency was demonstrated for all scales and moderate inter-rater reliability was evident for most scales. Longitudinal stability correlations

Samuel P. Putnam; Maria A. Gartstein; Mary K. Rothbart

2006-01-01

423

Optical sensors for spacecraft attitude measurement with respect to the earth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper is mostly a review of the evolution of the attitude control systems requirements, of the concepts and equipment developed by Sodern for the spacecraft attitude sensing with respect to the earth and of the experience gained from sensors operation on board satellites. It ends with remarks about the future of sensing techniques for the spacecraft attitude control with respect to the earth.

Desvignes, Francois; Doittau, Francois-Xavier; Krebs, Jean-Pierre; Tissot, Maurice

1986-01-01

424

Students' attitudes towards suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes of 800 college students from nine institutions were assessed by means of a 100 item Suicide Opinion Questionnaire. The results indicate both wide heterogeneity and communality of attitudes. Students see depression but not mental illness as a predisposing aspect. They exhibit considerable individual differences and intraindividual indecision as to religious precepts vis-a-vis suicide, see suicide as a “cry for

George Domino; Linda Gibson; Steven Poling; Laurie Westlake

1980-01-01

425

Lifespan Attitudes toward Death.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To more fully understand how attitudes toward death and dying develop and change across the lifespan, 90 male and female subjects between the ages of 2 and 18 years and 90 male and female subjects between the ages of 18 and 97 were administered questionnaires and interviews about dying. The results revealed that children's attitudes were…

Walker, Gail; Maiden, Robert

426

Math Attitudes and Computer Attitudes among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationships among mathematics attitudes and computer attitudes. Approximately 105 college students were administered a questionnaire which assessed three dimensions of computer attitudes (anxiety toward computers, confidence in working with computers, and liking to work with computers) and three dimensions of math…

Payton, Jacqueline; Loyd, Brenda H.

427

Aligning physical elements with persons' attitude: an approach using Rasch measurement theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Affective engineering uses mathematical models to convert the information obtained from persons' attitude to physical elements into an ergonomic design. However, applications in the domain have not in many cases met measurement assumptions. This paper proposes a novel approach based on Rasch measurement theory to overcome the problem. The research demonstrates that if data fit the model, further variables can be added to a scale. An empirical study was designed to determine the range of compliance where consumers could obtain an impression of a moisturizer cream when touching some product containers. Persons, variables and stimulus objects were parameterised independently on a linear continuum. The results showed that a calibrated scale preserves comparability although incorporating further variables.

Camargo, F. R.; Henson, B.

2013-09-01

428

The Computer Aversion, Attitudes, and Familiarity Index (CAAFI): A Measure for the Study of Computer-Related Constructs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to systematically develop an instrument to measure computer aversion, computer attitudes, and computer familiarity. The study is an extension of previous research (Schulenberg, 2002). Development involved item generation, pilot testing, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The measure was administered to…

Schulenberg, Stefan E.; Yutrzenka, Barbara A.; Gohm, Carol L.

2006-01-01

429

Use of tobacco in Kenya: sources of information, beliefs and attitudes toward tobacco control measures among primary school students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to present preliminary data on sources of and exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco messages. A questionnaire was administered to 1130 Kenyan primary schoolchildren. Forty-seven percent had received risk information from broadcast media and 88% was exposed to tobacco advertisements. Nonsmokers held more favorable attitudes toward control policies and were less frequently exposed to pro-and anti-tobacco messages. Adolescents receive risk information mainly from the broadcast media. Advertising is an important risk factor of smoking status in this developing country. PMID:15313506

Astrøm, Anne N; Ogwell, Ezra A

2004-09-01

430

Seat belts: Relations between beliefs, attitude, and use  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 368 car owners answered a mailed questionnaire constructed on the basis of a model of attitudes toward seat-belt use. A factor analysis yielded a belief pattern interpreted in terms of 5 factors-Discomfort, Worry, Risk, Effect, and Inconvenience. The model appeared useful since an independent measure of attitude to seat-belt use could be predicted (r = .84) from

Gunilla Fhaner; Monica Hane

1974-01-01

431

Relating Attitudes to Residential Energy Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research examined the relationship between homeowners' attitudes and their winter gas consumption. During the winter, 207 couples filled out questionnaires about their energy-related attitudes. The results confirmed prior results: thermal comfort was the most important determinant of household energy use. In addition, an analysis of the results of a 55-couple subsample who had filled out attitude questionnaires in

Lawrence J. Becker; Clive Seligman; Russell H. Fazio; John Mcconnon Darley

1981-01-01

432

Construction and psychometric testing of the EMPATHIC questionnaire measuring parent satisfaction in the pediatric intensive care unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  To construct and test the reliability and validity of the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC) questionnaire\\u000a measuring parent satisfaction in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Structured development and psychometric testing of a parent satisfaction-with-care instrument with the results of two cohorts\\u000a of parents (n = 2,046) from eight PICUs in the Netherlands.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  In the first cohort, 667\\/1,055 (63%)

Jos M. Latour; Johannes B. van Goudoever; Hugo J. Duivenvoorden; Marcel J. I. J. Albers; Nicolette A. M. van Dam; Eugenie Dullaart; Marc van Heerde; Marjorie de Neef; Carin W. M. Verlaat; Elise M. van Vught; Jan A. Hazelzet

2011-01-01

433

Alberta High School Counsellors' Knowledge of Homosexuality and Their Attitudes toward Gay Males  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigated Alberta high school counsellors' knowledge about homosexuality and their attitudes toward gay males. Three questionnaires were mailed to 648 high school counselling centres; 223 individuals returned the completed questionnaires. Most counsellors attained low scores in measured homo-negativity and high scores regarding…

Alderson, Kevin G.; Orzeck, Tricia L.; McEwen, Scott C.

2009-01-01

434

Assessing attitudes toward farm animal welfare: A national survey of animal science faculty members1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey to measure attitudes toward farm animal welfare was developed. We targeted ani- mal science faculty because of their influence on animal production in the United States. We initially inter- viewed 34 faculty members from a large Midwestern public university to assist with questionnaire develop- ment. After our written survey was developed, we pilot- tested our questionnaire at this

C. R. Heleski; A. G. Mertig; A. J. Zanella

435

Do Questions Reflecting Indoor Air Pollutant Exposure from a Questionnaire Predict Direct Measure of Exposure in Owner-Occupied Houses?  

PubMed Central

Home characteristic questions are used in epidemiological studies and clinical settings to assess potentially harmful exposures in the home. The objective of this study was to determine whether questionnaire-reported home characteristics can predict directly measured pollutants. Sixty home inspections were conducted on a subsample of the 2006 population-based Toronto Child Health Evaluation Questionnaire. Indoor/outdoor air and settled dust samples were analyzed. Mean Fel d 1 was higher (p < 0.0001) in homes with a cat (450.58 ?g/g) versus without (22.28 ?g/g). Mean indoor NO2 was higher (p = 0.003) in homes with gas stoves (14.98 ppb) versus without (8.31 ppb). Self-reported musty odours predicted higher glucan levels (10554.37 ?g/g versus 6308.58 ?g/g, p = 0.0077). Der f 1 was predicted by the home’s age, but not by reports of carpets, and was higher in homes with mean relative humidity > 50% (61.30 ?g/g, versus 6.24 ?g/g, p = 0.002). Self-reported presence of a cat, a gas stove, musty odours, mice, and the home’s age and indoor relative humidity over 50% predicted measured indoor levels of cat allergens, NO2, fungal glucan, mouse allergens and dust mite allergens, respectively. These results are helpful for understanding the significance of indoor exposures ascertained by self-reporting in large epidemiological studies and also in the clinical setting.

Loo, C.K. Jennifer; Foty, Richard G.; Wheeler, Amanda J.; Miller, J. David; Evans, Greg; Stieb, David M.; Dell, Sharon D.

2010-01-01

436

Investigations of an integrated angular velocity measurement and attitude control system for spacecraft using magnetically suspended double-gimbal CMGs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an integrated angular velocity measurement and attitude control system of spacecraft using magnetically suspended double-gimbal control moment gyros (MSDGCMGs). The high speed rotor of MSDGCMG is alleviated by a five-degree-of-freedom permanent magnet biased AMB control system. With this special rotor supported manner, the MSDGCMG has the function of attitude rate sensing as well as attitude control. This characteristic provides a new approach to a compact light-weight spacecraft design, which can combine these two functions into a single device. This paper discusses the principles and implementations of AMB-based angular velocity measurement. Spacecraft dynamics with DGMSCMG actuators, including the dynamics of magnetically suspended high-speed rotor, the dynamics of inner gimbal and outer gimbal, as well as the determination method of spacecraft angular velocity are modeled, respectively. The effectiveness of the proposed integrated system is also validated numerically and experimentally.

Zheng, Shiqiang; Han, Bangcheng

2013-06-01

437

Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 116-item parent questionnaire is designed for parents of elementary school children. It is intended to be used with the child's mother, or the person acting as the child's mother. The questionnaire consists of a section devoted to demographic variables and scales measuring 14 parent variables: (1) parent's achievement aspirations for the…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Educational Research Center.

438

Measuring the impact of informal science education in zoos on environmental knowledge, attitudes and behaviors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the emphasis in modern zoos and aquaria on conservation and environmental education, we know very little about what people learn in these settings, and even less about how they learn it. Research on informal learning in settings such as zoos has suffered from a lack of theory, with few connections being made to theories of learning in formal settings, or to theories regarding the nature of the educational goals. This dissertation consists of three parts: the development and analysis of a test instrument designed to measure constructs of environmental learning in zoos; the application of the test instrument along with qualitative data collection in an evaluation designed to measure the effectiveness of a zoo's education programs; and the analysis of individually matched pre- and post-test data to examine how environmental learning takes place, with respect to the constructivist view of learning, as well as theories of environmental learning and the barriers to pro-environmental behavior. The test instrument consisted of 40 items split into four scales: environmental knowledge, attitudes toward the environment, support for conservation, and environmentally responsible behavior. A model-driven approach was used to develop the instrument, which was analyzed using Item Response Theory and the Rasch dichotomous measurement model. After removal of two items with extremely high difficulty, the instrument was found to be unidimensional and sufficiently reliable. The results of the IRT analyses are interpreted with respect to a modern validity framework. The evaluation portion of this study applied this test instrument to measuring the impact of zoo education programs on 750 fourth through seventh grade students. Qualitative data was collected from program observations and teacher surveys, and a comparison was also made between programs that took place at the zoo, and those that took place in the school classroom, thereby asking questions regarding the role of setting in environmental education. It was found that students in both program types significantly increased their environmental knowledge as a result of the program, but only students in the school-based programs significantly improved their attitudes towards the environment. Analyzing by grade, seventh grade students scored significantly lower on all aspects of the test than the younger students, suggesting a detrimental effect of novel settings on learning in adolescents. Teacher survey data suggests that teachers place great importance on how the education program would fit in with their school-based curriculum, but did little to integrate the program into their classroom teaching. Observations of the programs revealed some logistical issues, and some concerns regarding the zoo instructors' use of curriculum materials. Analyzing the test data from a constructivist perspective revealed that students with high incoming environmental attitudes had significant increases in environmental knowledge. That is, students with positive attitudes towards the environment are predisposed to engage in learning about the environment. Some gender-specific findings are also discussed.

Wilson, Christopher David

439

The Socio-Demographic Characteristics of the Clients of Female Sex Workers and their Perspectives, Behaviours and Attitude on HIV and AIDS: A Questionnaire Based Survey from Pokhara, Nepal.  

PubMed

Background: The clients of Female Sex Workers (FSWs) have been represented from different socio-demographic backgrounds and their risk behaviour depends upon their learning skills and attitudes and its impacts on practice.Objective: The general objective of this study was to find the socio-demographic characteristics, background, knowledge, behaviour, and the attitude on STIs, HIV and AIDS of the clients of female sex workers.Material and Methods: This questionnaire based, cross sectional study was conducted on 109 clients of FSWs during the time period from January 2010 to July 2010 in Pokhara (submetropolitan city of the Kaski district), Nepal. The locations were the Baglung Bus Park, Lakeside and Mahendrapool.Result: Among the 109 respondents, the mininum and the maximum age were 18 and 50 years. According to the religion-wise distribution, 77.1% of the respondents were Hindus, 10.1% were Buddhists, 8.3% were Christians, 1% were Muslims and 3.7% were from other religions. 67.9% of the respondents were tested for HIV at least once, whereas nearly one third (32.1%) of the respondents were never tested for HIV. 49.5% of the respondents answered that there was no difference between HIV and AIDS. Among the respondents, 89.9% respondents knew how to be safe from STIs and the HIV infections and 99.1% knew about HIV and AIDS.Conclusion:HIV and AIDS is a cross cutting issue in the present situation rather than a health issue. One of the most at risk groups is the clients of female workers who frequently have risk behaviours like having sex with female sex workers. The sexual behaviour among these clients depends upon their attitude, knowledge and perception, which also influence several internal and external factors. In our study, the clients of the female sex workers had some extent of knowledge about the condom, sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS. They were made aware on these by different organizations who were working in the field of HIV and AIDS, but still they intended to practise unsafe sex with the female sex workers. PMID:23450071

Rana, Manu S; Nepali, Bobin; Sathian, Brijesh; Aryal, Ram Prasad; Thapalia, Madav; Bhatta, Dharm R

2013-01-01

440

The Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questionnaire is intended to be used with individuals who are experiencing regional pain problems that are af- fecting their performance at work, taking repeated short spells of sickness absence or are currently off work and have been so for up to 12 weeks. There are 21 scored questions concerning attitudes and beliefs, behaviour in response to pain, affect, perception

Grahame Brown

2008-01-01

441

The Growing Phenomenon of School Gardens: Measuring Their Variation and Their Affect on Students' Sense of Responsibility and Attitudes toward Science and the Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes a 2000 study of school garden programs and their variation and the impact of such variation on 427 third-grade students' sense of responsibility and attitudes toward science and the environment. A teacher questionnaire was developed to gain insight into how teachers use school gardens with their students and in their…

Skelly, Sonja M.; Bradley, Jennifer Campbell

2007-01-01

442

The Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire (SATQ): Development of a Brief Self-Report Measure of Subthreshold Autism Traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study was motivated by a need for a self-report questionnaire that assesses a broad range of subthreshold autism\\u000a traits, is brief and easily administered, and is relevant to the general population. An initial item pool was administered\\u000a to 1,709 students. Structural validity analysis resulted in a 24-item questionnaire termed the Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire\\u000a (SATQ; Cronbach’s alpha coefficient = .73,

Stephen M. Kanne; Jennifer Wang; Shawn E. Christ

443

Construct Validity of a Questionnaire to Measure the Type of Fluid Intake and Type of Urinary Incontinence  

PubMed Central

Objective to determine the reproducibility and construct validity of the Questionnaire Based Voiding Diary (QVD) for measuring the type and volume of fluid intake and the type of urinary incontinence. Methods 250 women completed the QVD, a 48-hour bladder diary and underwent complete urogynecologic evaluation to determine a final clinical diagnosis. The questionnaire was re-administered after a 2-week period with no change in treatment, and 2–3 months later following treatment of urinary symptoms. Results The reproducibility of the fluid intake, output, fluid intake behavior and urinary symptom subscales of the QVD was 0.68–0.92. Correlation of the fluid intake scale of the QVD with the 48-hour voiding diary for determining the type and volume of fluid intake was high (r = 0.65–0.83, P < 0.01). High correlations were noted between the fluid intake behavior scale and urinary frequency (r = 0.82, P < .01), urgency (r = 0.77, P < .01) and urge incontinence (r = 0.71, P < .01). The median total fluid intake and mean urinary symptom score was significantly lower in responders (2074 mL, 10.2 ± 3.3) than non-responders (2347 mL, 18.5 ± 4.6). As compared to the final clinical diagnosis, the sensitivity, specificity and positive likelihood ratio of the QVD for the diagnosis of predominant stress urinary incontinence are 86%, 66% and 2.6 and for predominant urge incontinence 82%, 79% and 4.0 respectively. Conclusion The QVD provides clinically meaningful information on the type and volume of fluid intake and the type of urinary incontinence at the initial office visit.

Arya, Lily A.; Heidi, Harvie; Cory, Lori; Segal, Saya; Northington, Gina M.

2012-01-01

444

Measurement of attitudes toward commercial development of geothermal energy in Federal Region IX. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A survey was conducted of ten target study groups and subgroups for Klamath Falls, Oregon, and Susanville, California: local government, current and potential industry at the site, relocators to the site, current and potential financial community, regulators, and current and potential promoters and developers. The results of benchmark attitudinal measurement is presented separately for each target group. A literature review was conducted and Macro-environmental attitudes of a sample of local government and industry personnel at the sites were assessed. An assessment of capabilities was made which involved two measurements. The first was a measurement of a sample of promoters, developers, and industrial service companies active at the site to determine infrastructure capabilities required by industry for geothermal plants. The second measurement involved analyzing a sample of industry management in the area and defining their requirements for plant retrofit and expansion. Finally, the processes used by the study group to analyze information to reach commitment and regulatory decisions that significantly impact on geothermal energy projects at the site were identified and defined.

Not Available

1981-06-01

445

Provider Expectations for Recovery Scale: Refining a measure of provider attitudes.  

PubMed

Objective: The purpose of this study was to refine and test the psychometric properties of a scale to measure provider attitudes about recovery. Method: This was a secondary data analysis that combined survey data from 1,128 mental health providers from 3 state hospitals, 6 community mental health centers, and 1 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center. Rasch analyses were used to examine item-level functioning to reduce the scale to a briefer, unidimensional construct. Convergent validity was assessed through correlations with related measures. Results: The Provider Expectations for Recovery Scale had strong internal consistency, was related to education and setting in expected ways, and was associated with lower levels of burnout and higher levels of job satisfaction. Conclusions and Implications for Practice: A 10-item scale of Provider Expectations for Recovery appears to be a useful tool to measure an important construct in recovery-oriented care. The process of refining the measure also highlights potential factors in how providers view recovery. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23834613

Salyers, Michelle P; Brennan, Madeline; Kean, Jacob

2013-07-08

446

Cigarette Smoking Practice and Attitudes, and Proposed Effective Smoking Cessation Measures among College Student Smokers in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the average daily consumption of cigarettes and its correlates, attitudes toward smoking, and suggestions for anti-smoking measures in a sample of Chinese college student smokers. Design/methodology/approach: A sample of 150 college student cigarette smokers in Baoding, a city near Beijing, filled out a…

Cui, Yanping; Ying, Mao; Fan, Hongqi

2012-01-01

447

Thurstone's Method of Equal-Appearing Intervals in Measuring Attitudes: An Old Method That Is Not Forgotten.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many school districts face the problem of evaluating new programs to train students in ethics and moral decision making. Using conventional personality tests in program evaluation may be helpful, but probably will not provide measures for the attitudes that are targeted by the intervention. The method of equal- appearing intervals developed by L.…

Roberts, J. Kyle

448

Development and Psychometric Properties of the Math and Me Survey: Measuring Third through Sixth Graders' Attitudes toward Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Math and Me Survey was designed to measure elementary students' attitudes toward mathematics. The authors conducted content validation, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory, reliability, and external validity analyses to improve it and to test its psychometric properties. The final Math and Me Survey…

Adelson, Jill L.; McCoach, D. Betsy

2011-01-01

449

Development and Psychometric Properties of the Math and Me Survey: Measuring Third through Sixth Graders' Attitudes toward Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Math and Me Survey was designed to measure elementary students' attitudes toward mathematics. The authors conducted content validation, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory, reliability, and external validity analyses to improve it and to test its psychometric properties. The final Math and Me Survey…

Adelson, Jill L.; McCoach, D. Betsy

2011-01-01

450

Measuring Attitude toward Theistic Faith: Assessing the Astley-Francis Scale among Christian, Muslim and Secular Youth in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Alongside a family of instruments designed to measure the attitudinal dimension of religion within specific faith contexts (Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism), the Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith was designed to assess the attitudinal dimension of religion within a multifaith context. Drawing on a sample of 4338…

Francis, Leslie J.; Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew

2013-01-01

451

The Development and Initial Validation of the Dating Attitudes Inventory: A Measure of the Gender Context of Dating Violence in Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development and initial psychometric investigation of the Dating Attitudes Inventory (DAI) is reported. The DAI was created, to fill a gap in the literature and to measure specific masculine ideology and traditional gender attitudes that rationalize the abuse of women. Using a sample (n = 164) of male college students, a 20-item measure was…

Schwartz, Jonathan Peter; Kelley, Frances A.; Kohli, Nidhi

2012-01-01

452

Therapists' Attitudes about and Preferences to Use Relationship Focused Interventions: New Tools to Measure a Critical Component of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary study aims were to create reliable measures of therapists' attitudes about and preferences to use Relationship Focused Interventions (RFIs), and investigate factors that influence them. Explicit and implicit measures of therapists' attitudes and preferences were administered to a national sample of mental health trainees and FAP…

Terry, Christeine M.; Kohlenberg, Robert J.

2012-01-01

453

Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Cognitive Dysfunction Questionnaire: instrument refinement and measurement invariance across age and sex.  

PubMed

The study adopted Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to investigate the factorial structure and reduce the number of items of the Cognitive Dysfunction Questionnaire (CDQ). The analyses were based on data for a total of 1,115 participants from population based samples (mean age: 63.0 ± 14.5 years, range: 25-95) randomly split into a refinement (N = 569) and a cross-validation (N = 546) sample. Equivalence of the measurement and structural portions of the refined model was demonstrated across the refinement and cross-validation samples. Among competing models the best fitting and parsimonious model had a hierarchical factor structure with five first-order and one second-order general factor. For the final version of the CDQ, 20 items within five domains were selected (Procedural actions, Semantic word knowledge, Face recognition, Temporal orientation, and Spatial navigation). Internal consistency reliabilities were adequate for the total scale and for the subscales. Multigroup CFAs indicated measurement invariance across age and sex up to the scalar level. Finally, higher levels of cognitive dysfunction as reflected by CDQ scores were predicted by advancing age, fewer years of education, and with deficits in general cognitive functioning as reflected by scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination. In conclusion, the CDQ appears to be psychometrically sound and shows the expected relationships with variables known to be associated with cognitive dysfunction and dementia. Future studies should apply it among clinical groups to further test its usefulness. PMID:22962857

Vestergren, Peter; Rönnlund, Michael; Nyberg, Lars; Nilsson, Lars-Göran

2012-10-01

454

Measuring parent beliefs about child acceptance of pain: a preliminary validation of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire, parent report.  

PubMed

Parent perceptions of and responses to pain have been identified as important factors in understanding pain-related disability among children and adolescents with chronic pain. The ability to accept chronic pain rather than focus on ways to avoid or control it has been linked to positive outcomes in chronic pain research. To examine parent beliefs about child acceptance of pain, the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire, parent report (CPAQ-P), was developed and administered to 195 parents of children with persistent pain evaluated in a multidisciplinary pain clinic. Analyses support the internal consistency of the CPAQ-P (?=.89) and 1-month stability estimates were acceptable for the total scale score (?=.72), and results suggest some responsivity to change. Exploratory factor analysis identified a 2-factor model with 4 items removed from the original 20-item measure. Confirmatory factor analysis strongly supported the modified version. For construct validity, parent beliefs about child acceptance were negatively correlated with parent pain catastrophizing and parent fear of pain. Greater acceptance was also negatively associated with protective parent responses to pain. These results support the CPAQ-P as a promising measure for assessing parent beliefs about child acceptance of pain and reinforce the importance of the social context and parental influence on child functioning. PMID:21783324

Simons, Laura E; Sieberg, Christine B; Kaczynski, Karen J

2011-07-23

455

The peer aggressive and reactive behavior questionnaire (parb-q): measurement invariance across italian and brazilian children, gender and age.  

PubMed

This study examines measurement invariance, reliability and scores differences of the Peer Aggressive and Reactive Behaviors Questionnaire (PARB-Q) across Italian and Brazilian children, gender and age. Participants were 587 Italian and 727 Brazilian children, aged 7-13 years from 12 elementary schools. The PARB-Q is a brief self-report instrument composed by two scales that assess aggressive behavior and reactions to peer aggression. Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses indicated full measurement invariance of the PARB-Q across groups based on country, gender and age, providing support for the unidimensionality of the first scale (direct peer aggression, PA) and a 3-factor model of the second scale (reactive aggression, RA; seeking teacher support, STS; internalizing reaction, IR). Reliability indices were good for all factors. Italian children reported a higher frequency of PA and a lower frequency of IR than the Brazilian children. Boys scored higher than girls on PA and RA, while girls scored higher than boys on STS and IR. Younger children reported a lower frequency of PA and a higher frequency of STS than older children. Results provide support for structure validity and reliability of the PARB-Q in two countries and information on differences related to gender, age and culture in peer relationships in elementary school. PMID:23404434

Borsa, Juliane Callegaro; Damásio, Bruno Figueiredo; Bandeira, Denise Ruschel; Gremigni, Paola

2013-12-01

456

Development and Initial Validation of a Questionnaire to Measure Hearing Parents' Perceptions of Health Care Professionals' Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the development of The Hearing Parents' Perceptions of Health Professionals' Advice Questionnaire (HPP/HPQ). This questionnaire was designed to investigate the impact of the advice and information that parents receive from health professionals during the time when their child's hearing loss is identified and how parents, in…

Day, Lori A.; Brice, Patrick

2013-01-01

457

Development and Initial Validation of a Questionnaire to Measure Hearing Parents' Perceptions of Health Care Professionals' Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the development of The Hearing Parents' Perceptions of Health Professionals' Advice Questionnaire (HPP/HPQ). This questionnaire was designed to investigate the impact of the advice and information that parents receive from health professionals during the time when their child's hearing loss is identified and how parents, in…

Day, Lori A.; Brice, Patrick

2013-01-01

458

Development of Two Reliable and Valid Measures of Stressors in Policing: The Operational and Organizational Police Stress Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the development and validation of the Operational Police Stress Questionnaire (PSQ-Op) and the Organizational Police Stress Questionnaire (PSQ-Org). In Study 1, a series of focus groups were used to elicit the most common stressors associated with policing. During this study, it became apparent that officers separated their stressors into two general categories: operational and organizational. In the

Donald R. McCreary; Megan M. Thompson

2006-01-01

459

The Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire (SATQ): Development of a Brief Self-Report Measure of Subthreshold Autism Traits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study was motivated by a need for a self-report questionnaire that assesses a broad range of subthreshold autism traits, is brief and easily administered, and is relevant to the general population. An initial item pool was administered to 1,709 students. Structural validity analysis resulted in a 24-item questionnaire termed the…

Kanne, Stephen M.; Wang, Jennifer; Christ, Shawn E.

2012-01-01

460

The Subthreshold Autism Trait Questionnaire (SATQ): Development of a Brief Self-Report Measure of Subthreshold Autism Traits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study was motivated by a need for a self-report questionnaire that assesses a broad range of subthreshold autism traits, is brief and easily administered, and is relevant to the general population. An initial item pool was administered to 1,709 students. Structural validity analysis resulted in a 24-item questionnaire termed the…

Kanne, Stephen M.; Wang, Jennifer; Christ, Shawn E.

2012-01-01

461

Construction of a traditional Chinese medicine syndrome-specific outcome measure: the Kidney Deficiency Syndrome questionnaire (KDSQ)  

PubMed Central

Background Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome-specific outcome measures is needed for the evaluation of TCM syndrome-specific therapies. We constructed a Kidney Deficiency Syndrome Questionnaire (KDSQ) for the evaluation of the common TCM syndromes Kidney-Yin Deficiency Syndrome (KDS-Yin) and Kidney-Yang Deficiency Syndrome (KDS-Yang) in middle-aged women with menopausal symptoms. Methods KDS-Yin and KDS-Yang were traditionally defined by expert opinion were validated by exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM). Content validity was tested by EFA on a sample of 236 women from a seminar and SEM on another sample of 321 women from a postal survey. Other psychometric properties were tested on 292 women from the seminar at baseline and two systematically selected sub-samples: 54 who reported no changes in discomforts 11–12?days after the baseline and 31 who reported changes in discomforts 67–74?days after the baseline. All participants completed the KDSQ, the Greene Climacteric Scale and the standard 12-item Short Form Health Survey. Results The EFA and SEM established the measurement models of KDS-Yin and KDS-Yang supporting content validity of the KDSQ. Internal consistency was good (Cronbach’s Alpha >0.70). Construct validity was supported by theoretically-derived levels of correlation with the established external measures. Test–retest reliability was strong (ICCagreement: KDS-Yin, 0.94; KDS-Yang, 0.93). The KDSQ was responsive to changes over time as tested by effect size and longitudinal validity. Conclusions The KDSQ was a valid and reliable measure for KDS-Yin and KDS-Yang in Hong Kong Chinese middle-aged women with menopausal symptoms.

2012-01-01

462

Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instructional Technology: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the TAC and TAT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article the authors present a confirmatory factor analysis of the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Computers (TAC) and the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Information Technology (TAT) scales by Christensen and Knezek (1996, 1998) using large samples from three states. The TAC was reduced from 98 items and nine factors to 35 items and eight factors,…

Shattuck, Dominick; Corbell, Kristen A.; Osbourne, Jason W.; Knezek, Gerald; Christensen, Rhonda; Grable, Lisa Leonor

2011-01-01

463

Measuring Teacher Attitudes toward Instructional Technology: A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the TAC and TAT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors present a confirmatory factor analysis of the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Computers (TAC) and the Teachers' Attitudes Toward Information Technology (TAT) scales by Christensen and Knezek (1996, 1998) using large samples from three states. The TAC was reduced from 98 items and nine factors to 35 items and eight factors,…

Shattuck, Dominick; Corbell, Kristen A.; Osbourne, Jason W.; Knezek, Gerald; Christensen, Rhonda; Grable, Lisa Leonor

2011-01-01

464

Measuring Change in Students' Attitudes Toward Science Over Time: An Application of Latent Variable Growth Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to show how latent variable growth modeling can be utilized to examine change in students' attitudes toward science over the middle and high school years using data from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (Miller, Hoffer, Suchner, Brown, & Nelson, 1992).The results of the present study show that students' attitudes toward science generally decline

Rani George

2000-01-01

465

Validity of a Brief Measure of Parental Affective Attitudes in High-Risk Preschoolers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study investigated psychometric properties of the Family Affective Attitude Rating Scale (FAARS) for assessing parents' thoughts and feelings about their child, coded from a 5-min speech sample. Parental affective attitudes derive from previous experiences of parenting and child behavior, representations of the parent-child…

Waller, Rebecca; Gardner, Frances; Dishion, Thomas J.; Shaw, Daniel S.; Wilson, Melvin N.

2012-01-01

466

Measuring The Attitudes Of Australian Food Manufacturers Towards Genetically Modified (GM) Foods - A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer acceptance of Genetically Modified (GM) foods varies amongst countries, Europeans generally show low levels of acceptance and US consumers are seen as divided in attitudes. As acceptance is essential for the adoption of new technologies in food production and the ultimate market success of new food products, this study, unlike prior Australian research, which has focused on consumer attitudes

Frances Woodside; Gabriel Ogunmokun; Leslie R. Brown

467

Measuring Prejudicial Attitudes in a Situational Context: A Report on a Danish Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of white Danish university students toward blacks and Mediterranean foreign workers. The Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) was translated into Danish Forms A (no reference to race), B (black) and C (Mediterranean foreign worker) and administered to 274 white students at Copenhagen and Aarhus…

Chaples, Ernest A.; And Others

468

Attitude and image measurement: Electric utility market research monograph series: Monograph 2  

SciTech Connect

Goal of this monograph is to provide a straightforward, illustrated approach to conceptualizing and executing various types of attitude and image research within a utility company environment. To this end, the monograph has summarized and synthesized a variety of attitude theory and research techniques which have been elaborated in great detail in other publications. We have included a list of readings as an Appendix.

Morrison, A.J.; Lutz, R.J.

1987-01-01

469

Parental authority questionnaire.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness. PMID:16370893

Buri, J R

1991-08-01

470

Cultural Learning Environment in Science Classrooms: Validity and Application of a Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an instrument to assess students' culturally sensitive environments and to examine the associations between these factors and students' attitudes towards science. A measure of students' environment, namely, the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire (CLEQ), was developed. The instrument…

Waldrip, Bruce G.; Fisher, Darrell L.

471

Development and psychometric evaluation of a new measure of pain-related support preferences: The Pain Response Preference Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Behavioural conceptualizations of chronic pain posit that solicitous responses to pain behaviours are positively reinforcing and play a role in the development of chronic pain and disability. Recent research suggests that studies investigating this model were likely limited by the use of