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1

The Bilevel Structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The structure of the Outcome Questionnaire-45 (Lambert et al., 2001) was examined in a sample of 1,100 university counseling center clients using confirmatory factor analysis. Specifically, the relative fit of 1-factor, 3-factor orthogonal, 3-factor oblique, 4-factor hierarchical, and 4-factor bilevel models were examined. Although the 3-factor…

Bludworth, Jamie L.; Tracey, Terence J. G.; Glidden-Tracey, Cynthia

2010-01-01

2

The Conceptions about Teamwork Questionnaire: Design, Reliability and Validity with Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, we present the conceptions about teamwork questionnaire designed to evaluate the conceptions that secondary students have about teamwork. Participants were 309 students aged 15-16 from eight secondary schools, seven from Barcelona and one from Girona (Spain). The original 27-item questionnaire was reduced according to expert…

Martinez-Fernandez, J. Reinaldo; Corcelles, Mariona; Cerrato-Lara, Maria

2011-01-01

3

Validation of a Parent Outcome Questionnaire from Pediatric Cochlear Implantation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper analyzes the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed by Archbold, Lutman, Gregory, O'Neil, and Nikolpoulos (2002) for the assessment of pediatric cochlear implantation. Parents of 61 youngsters (age range 5 to 16 years), who had the implant for at least 3 years, responded to the questionnaire and to an interview. The alpha…

Terezinha, Nunes; Ursula, Pretzlik; Selin Ilicak

2005-01-01

4

Validation of a parent outcome questionnaire from pediatric cochlear implantation.  

PubMed

This paper analyzes the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed by Archbold, Lutman, Gregory, O'Neil, and Nikolpoulos (2002) for the assessment of pediatric cochlear implantation. Parents of 61 youngsters (age range 5 to 16 years), who had the implant for at least 3 years, responded to the questionnaire and to an interview. The alpha reliability of the 11 questionnaire scales varied between .41 and .74. Content validity was assessed by comparison with parents' responses to an interview. In general, there was agreement between parents' concerns and views expressed in the interview and as assessed by the questionnaire. However, extra issues were identified in the interview, which suggest the need for increasing the breadth of the questionnaire. Criterion validity was assessed by identifying contrasting cases, with very low or very high scores in each scale, and analyzing the descriptions obtained in the interviews. For nine scales this analysis provided support for the validity of the questionnaire; two scales did not produce positive results. Correlations with interview scores were calculated for only four scales: two were positive and significant whereas two were not significant. A factor analysis of the questionnaire scales identified four components, interpreted as the child's functioning in social situations, attitudes to the process of implantation, support required in the long term, and effective use of the implant. Suggestions for further research and descriptive comments provided by parents are included. PMID:15932922

Nunes, Terezinha; Pretzlik, Ursula; Ilicak, Selin

2005-06-02

5

The European solar physics community: outcome from a questionnaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the SPM10 meeting held in Prague, for the first time was organized a "young section" which was dedicated to "the career in Solar Physics" (Aulanier, this issue). Prior to the meeting a questionnaire was distributed to the community with the aim to build statistic on the career. The informations collected in this way relate to personal and professional aspects of the career, how much the countries' policy and the working environment can affect it. Moreover, particular attention was given to the PhD and post-doctorate (post-doc) conditions. From the statistics it comes clear that the European Solar Physics is having a difficult period. Besides the main problems, we found the lack of an integrated European community, the lack of permanent positions, the low salary and the lost of popularity among students. Several ideas were proposed to improve the situation.

Parenti, Susanna

2002-12-01

6

Timing and directions for administration of questionnaires affect outcomes measurement.  

PubMed

We used data from two pilot studies to compare the change in patients' self-reported health-related quality of life after participation in two nearly identical Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Blind Rehabilitation Center (BRC) programs, the Southwestern BRC in Tucson, Arizona, and the BRC at the VA hospital in Hines, Illinois. Researchers at the Southwestern BRC administered the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire as directed by the developer. Researchers at the Hines BRC modified the directions to consider use of low-vision devices. Interval person-ability and item-difficulty measures estimated from patient responses pre- and postrehabilitation were compared with these same measures obtained at follow-up. At the Southwestern BRC, no change was reported in either person or item measures 3 months after rehabilitation. At the Hines BRC, improvement was seen in both the person and item measures when measurements were made immediately following rehabilitation. Because a temporary halo effect may explain the higher ratings at discharge, veterans from the Hines cohort were contacted by telephone and administered the same instrument 3 years later. For these subjects, the improvement noted in the person measure disappeared at follow-up, while the improvement in the item measure was maintained. PMID:17310429

Stelmack, Joan A; Babcock-Parziale, Judith L; Head, Daniel N; Wolfe, Gregory S; Fakhoury, Nader E; Wu, Shelley M; Massof, Robert W

7

Is the Patient Outcomes of Surgery (POS)Hand\\/Arm Questionnaire a Reliable, Valid and Responsive Measurement of Patient-Based Outcomes in Hand and Upper Limb Surgery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of our study was to evaluate a new region-specific outcome measure in hand and upper limb surgery: the Patient Outcomes of Surgery (POS)-Hand\\/Arm questionnaire using the generic Short Form Health Survey (SF)-36 questionnaire as a ‘gold standard’ comparative measure. The POS-Hand\\/Arm preop questionnaire and the SF-36 questionnaire were completed by 214 patients on the day of their hand

A. D. SCOTT; O. MUSA; F. AL-HASSANI; G. L. JONES; M. B. HOBSON; J. G. MILLER

2009-01-01

8

Effect of age on outcome of secondary dengue 2 infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Dengue hemorrhagic fever\\/dengue shock syndrome (DHF\\/DSS) is a growing global health problem. It is not known how age affects the outcome of secondary dengue infections. In an island setting, a large DHF\\/DSS outbreak in Cuba occurred in 1981. Involved were individuals, 3–40 year old, whose only lifetime dengue exposure was to DEN-1 in 1977 and DEN-2 in 1981. In

María G. Guzmán; Gustavo Kouri; Jose Bravo; Luis Valdes; Vazquez Susana; Scott B. Halstead

2002-01-01

9

The Pain Disability Questionnaire: Relationship to One-Year Functional and Psychosocial Rehabilitation Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Objective: The Pain Disability Questionnaire (PDQ) is a new functional assessment instrument designed for evaluating chronic disabling musculoskeletal disorders. It is useful for assessing function\\/disability as affected by pain. This is the first study to assess the predictive validity of the PDQ in its relationship to 1-year post-treatment work- and health-related outcomes in a chronic disabling occupational musculoskeletal disorder (CDOMD)

Robert J. Gatchel; Tom G. Mayer; Brian R. Theodore

2006-01-01

10

Clinician views of referring people with negative symptoms to outcome research: a questionnaire survey.  

PubMed

This paper reports on a survey of mental health clinician views of including people with psychosis and negative symptoms in outcome research. A questionnaire was forwarded to clinicians (the majority of whom were mental health nurses) completing post-registration undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in psychosocial interventions for psychosis. Fifty questionnaires were returned (a response rate of 84.7%). A total of 47% of respondents indicated that they might refrain from offering this group as potential participants to clinical trials. Thematic analysis suggests views that negative symptoms are not amenable to treatment inform such decisions. The results highlight the potential difficulties faced by researchers investigating new treatments for people with negative symptoms, and suggest further exploration of clinician views of referring this group to research and psychosocial treatments is warranted. PMID:21951838

Mairs, Hilary; Lovell, Karina; Keeley, Philip

2011-09-23

11

The Bournemouth Questionnaire: A short-form comprehensive outcome measure. II. Psychometric properties in neck pain patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To modify an existing outcome measure (Bournemouth Questionnaire [BQ]) for use in patients with nonspecific neck pain and test its psychometric properties. Design: Prospective longitudinal study in which the questionnaire was administered on 3 occasions (pretreatment, retest, and posttreatment). Setting: Anglo-European College of Chiropractic outpatient clinic and 8 field chiropractic practices. Method: Seven core items relating to the biopsychosocial

Jennifer E. Bolton; B. Kim Humphreys

2002-01-01

12

The SF36 health survey questionnaire: an outcome measure suitable for routine use within the NHS?  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To assess the validity, reliability, and acceptability of the short form 36 (SF 36) health survey questionnaire (a shortened version of a battery of 149 health status questions) as a measure of patient outcome in a broad sample of patients suffering from four common clinical conditions. DESIGN--Postal questionnaire, followed up by two reminders at two week intervals. SETTING--Clinics and four training practices in north east Scotland. SUBJECTS--Over 1700 patients aged 16-86 with one of four conditions--low back pain, menorrhagia, suspected peptic ulcer, or varicose veins--and a comparison sample of 900 members of the general population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--The eight scales within the SF36 health profile. RESULTS--The response rate exceeded 75% in the patient population (1310 respondents). The SF36 satisfied rigorous psychometric criteria for validity and internal consistency. Clinical validity was shown by the distinctive profiles generated for each condition, each of which differed from that in the general population in a predictable manner. Furthermore, SF36 scores were lower in referred patients than in patients not referred and were closely related to general practitioners' perceptions of severity. CONCLUSIONS--These results provide support for the SF36 as a potential measure of patient outcome within the NHS. The SF36 seems acceptable to patients, internally consistent, and a valid measure of the health status of a wide range of patients. Before it can be used in the new health service, however, its sensitivity to changes in health status over time must also be tested.

Garratt, A M; Ruta, D A; Abdalla, M I; Buckingham, J K; Russell, I T

1993-01-01

13

Development of the FOSQ-10: A Short Version of the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), has been used in research and clinical practice to measure the impact of daytime sleepiness on activities of daily living. The purpose of this study was to develop a shorter version of the instrument (FOSQ-10) that may be more easily implemented in clinical practice. Methods: Data from a study of CPAP-treated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients (Sample 1) (n = 155, AHI = 63 ± 31) were used to develop the FOSQ-10. Of the 30 original FOSQ items, 10 questions representing each of the 5 subscales were selected if they had a normal distribution of responses and the largest pre- to post-treatment effect size. The psychometric properties of the instrument were then evaluated with data from a second, independent sample of CPAP-treated OSA patients (n = 51 AH I = 51 ± 28). Results: Internal consistency of the FOSQ-10 was ? = 0.87. Pre-treatment correlations of the 2 scales was r = 0.96. After 3 months of treatment the correlation was r = 0.97 (P < 0.0001). Subscales were also highly correlated at baseline and following treatment. Effect sizes for both instruments were highly correlated and indicated ability to measure meaningful change. Differences were observed between scores on the FOSQ-10 for normal controls and OSA patients. Conclusions: The FOSQ-10 is a psychometrically strong instrument that performs similarly to the long version. The rapidly completed and easily scored FOSQ-10 shows promise for application in the clinical setting. Citation: Chasens ER; Ratcliffe SJ; Weaver TE. Development of the FOSQ-10: a short version of the functional outcomes of sleep questionnaire. SLEEP 2009;32(7):915-919.

Chasens, Eileen R.; Ratcliffe, Sarah J.; Weaver, Terri E.

2009-01-01

14

Secondary Outcomes of a Pilot Randomized Trial of Azithromycin Treatment for Asthma  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The respiratory pathogen Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) produces acute and chronic lung infections and is associated with asthma. Evidence for effectiveness of antichlamydial antibiotics in asthma is limited. The primary objective of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of performing an asthma clinical trial in practice settings where most asthma is encountered and managed. The secondary objectives were to investigate (1) whether azithromycin treatment would affect any asthma outcomes and (2) whether C. pneumoniae serology would be related to outcomes. This report presents the secondary results. Design: Randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded (participants, physicians, study personnel, data analysts), allocation-concealed parallel group clinical trial. Setting: Community-based health-care settings located in four states and one Canadian province. Participants: Adults with stable, persistent asthma. Interventions: Azithromycin (six weekly doses) or identical matching placebo, plus usual community care. Outcome Measures: Juniper Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Juniper AQLQ), symptom, and medication changes from baseline (pretreatment) to 3 mo posttreatment (follow-up); C. pneumoniae IgG and IgA antibodies at baseline and follow-up. Results: Juniper AQLQ improved by 0.25 (95% confidence interval; ?0.3, 0.8) units, overall asthma symptoms improved by 0.68 (0.1, 1.3) units, and rescue inhaler use decreased by 0.59 (?0.5, 1.6) daily administrations in azithromycin-treated compared to placebo-treated participants. Baseline IgA antibodies were positively associated with worsening overall asthma symptoms at follow-up (p = 0.04), but IgG was not (p = 0.63). Overall asthma symptom improvement attributable to azithromycin was 28% in high IgA participants versus 12% in low IgA participants (p for interaction = 0.27). Conclusions: Azithromycin did not improve Juniper AQLQ but appeared to improve overall asthma symptoms. Larger community-based trials of antichlamydial antibiotics for asthma are warranted.

Hahn, David L; Plane, Mary Beth; Mahdi, Olaimatu S; Byrne, Gerald I

2006-01-01

15

Which is the most useful patient-reported outcome in femoroacetabular impingement? Test-retest reliability of six questionnaires.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The most reliable patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for people with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is unknown because there have been no direct comparisons of questionnaires. Thus, the aim was to evaluate the test-retest reliability of six existing PROs in a single cohort of young active people with hip/groin pain consistent with a clinical diagnosis of FAI. METHODS: Young adults with clinical FAI completed six PRO questionnaires on two occasions, 1-2 weeks apart. The PROs were modified Harris Hip Score, Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Score, Hip Outcome Score, Non-Arthritic Hip Score, International Hip Outcome Tool, Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score. RESULTS: 30 young adults (mean age 24 years, SD 4 years, range 18-30 years; 15 men) with stable symptoms participated. Intraclass correlation coefficient(3,1) values ranged from 0.73 to 0.93 (95% CI 0.38 to 0.98) indicating that most questionnaires reached minimal reliability benchmarks. Measurement error at the individual level was quite large for most questionnaires (minimal detectable change (MDC95) 12.4-35.6, 95% CI 8.7 to 54.0). In contrast, measurement error at the group level was quite small for most questionnaires (MDC95 2.2-7.3, 95% CI 1.6 to 11). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of the questionnaires were reliable and precise enough for use at the group level. Samples of only 23-30 individuals were required to achieve acceptable measurement variation at the group level. Further direct comparisons of these questionnaires are required to assess other measurement properties such as validity, responsiveness and meaningful change in young people with FAI. PMID:23687003

Hinman, Rana S; Dobson, Fiona; Takla, Amir; O'Donnell, John; Bennell, Kim L

2013-05-18

16

Measuring depression outcome with a brief self-report instrument: sensitivity to change of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The nine-item depression module from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is well validated and widely used as a brief diagnostic and severity measure, but its validity as an outcome measure for depression has not yet been established. Therefore, we investigated the sensitivity to change of the PHQ-9 in three groups of patients whose depression status either improved, remained unchanged,

Bernd Löwe; Kurt Kroenke; Wolfgang Herzog; Kerstin Gräfe

2004-01-01

17

The Perceived Personal Control (PPC) questionnaire as an outcome of genetic counseling: reliability and validity of the instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perceived personal control (PPC) questionnaire was developed by Berkenstadt and colleagues as an outcome measure for the evaluation of the process of genetic counseling. The present study aimed to further assess the psychometric properties of a Dutch version of the instrument. Data were used from two samples. A reproductive genetic counseling sample (n = 140), which included pregnant and

Ellen M. A. Smets; Arwen H. Pieterse; Cora M. Aalfs; Margreet G. E. M. Ausems; Alexandra M. van Dulmen

2006-01-01

18

Treatment outcome of secondary orgasmic dysfunction: A two- to six-year follow-up  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sixty-six women reporting secondary orgasmic dysfunction and their partners, who received one of five group treatment formats, were sent questionnaires 2–6 years later. Thirty-eight of the women and 38 of the male partners responded to the follow-up questionnaires. Women who were not divorced and who did not receive additional treatment after group treatment (n =28) showed consistent increases across time

Richard J. Milan; Peter R. Kilmann; Joseph P. Boland

1988-01-01

19

Academic Motivation in Post-Secondary Students: Effects of Career Outcome Expectations and Type of Aspiration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a social cognitive theory framework, we examined the effects of career outcome expectations (COE) and aspiration to enter a science, technology, or math (STM) career on post-secondary academic motivation. Data were collected online from a sample of 380 post-secondary students in Canada and the United States. Analysis of covariance revealed…

Domene, Jose F.; Socholotiuk, Krista D.; Woitowicz, Lyndsay A.

2011-01-01

20

Teachers' Teaching Experience and Students' Learning Outcomes in Secondary Schools in Ondo State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examined teachers' teaching experience and students' learning outcomes in the secondary schools in Ondo State Nigeria. As a correlational survey, the study population comprised all the 257 secondary schools in the State. This population was made up of 147 rural schools and 110 urban schools. It was also made up of 12 single sex…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2008-01-01

21

Treatment of secondary orgasmic dysfunction: An outcome study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the differential effectiveness of various treatment formats for 55 couples in which the woman reported secondary orgasmic dysfunction (defined as the inability of the woman to reach orgasm during intercourse, with or without clitoral stimulation, more than 50% of the time for the last 5 months). Couples received two 2-hr sessions of sexual reeducation and were then

Peter R. Kilmann; Katherine H. Mills; Charlene Caid; Edward Davidson; Bonnie Bella; Richard Milan; Gerald Drose; Joseph Boland; Diane Follingstad; Bonnie Montgomery; Richard Wanlass

1986-01-01

22

Examining adverse events after intensive care unit discharge: Outcomes from a pilot questionnaire.  

PubMed

Adverse events are common in acute clinical settings but little is known about these events occurring after Intensive Care discharge. This study aimed to develop a reliable and valid tool for exploring clinicians' opinions of factors associated with post-Intensive Care adverse events. A convenience sample of Australian Intensive Care Liaison Nurses was invited to complete and appraise a questionnaire using structured guidelines. Content validity and internal consistency were assessed. Twelve Intensive Care Liaison Nurses completed the questionnaire. Cronbach?s alpha coefficient showed high internal consistency for the questionnaire; all 24 items on the questionnaire had coefficients greater than 0.852. The content validity index of the questionnaire overall was 0.76. The post-Intensive Care adverse events questionnaire demonstrated reliability and validity. It is a tool that can be used to explore clinicians? opinions of factors associated with these events. The tool is important as it facilitates further insight into the causes of post-Intensive Care adverse events. PMID:24093739

Elliott, Malcolm; Page, Karen; Worrall-Carter, Linda; Rolley, John

2013-05-28

23

Secondary insults and outcomes in patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage.  

PubMed

This study was designed to monitor secondary insults and their impact on outcomes of patients with hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage (HBGH). One hundred and twelve patients with HBGH (male 73, female 39) of age 42 +/- 8 years (range from 38 to 57 years) were studied. Operations included craniotomy or trephination drainage with urokinase thrombolysis. Conventional therapies were also given to the patients including the administration of mannitol, crystalloid and colloid solution. In the meantime, blood pressure (MAP), temperature (T) and SaO2 and other parameters were recorded in the intensive care unit. The ICP values were recorded, and the early clinical outcome was assessed upon discharge according to Glasgow Outcome Scale. Cerebral Perfusion Pressure was calculated as CPP = MAP-MICP. Outcomes in the group without secondary insults were better than that in the group with secondary insults (P < 0.01). No unfavorable outcomes were found in the 59 cases managed by ultra-early surgery whereas 36.1% of the cases operated after 6 hours of onset had unfavorable outcomes. It is concluded that the high incident rate of secondary insults in HICH patients influences outcome. Ultra-early surgery may also contribute to improved quality of survival. PMID:16463862

Fei, Z; Zhang, X; Song, S J

2005-01-01

24

Disseminated fusariosis secondary to neuroblastoma with fatal outcome.  

PubMed

Disseminated fusariosis is an uncommon clinical condition in immunocompromised patients. We report a fatal case of disseminated fusariosis secondary to neuroblastoma in a male patient, 15 years old, who underwent a bone marrow transplant. The patient was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a public hospital in Recife-PE, Brazil, presenting bone marrow aplasia, severe leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia. After 15 days, the patient developed right knee effusion. Synovial fluid and blood samples were analyzed at the Medical Mycology Laboratory of the Federal University of Pernambuco. Mycological diagnosis was based on the presence of hyaline septate hyphae on direct examination and the isolation of Fusarium oxysporum in culture, confirming the case of disseminated fusariosis. In vitro, the isolate showed fluconazole resistance and sensitivity to amphotericin B, anidulafungin, and voriconazole. Therapy with voriconazole in combination with liposomal amphotericin B led to an improved clinical response; however, due to underlying disease complications, the patient progressed to death. PMID:23813153

Silva, Gleiciere Maia; Silveira, Alice Rangel Cristiane; Betânia, Claudia Abreu Rodrigues; Macêdo, Danielle Patrícia Cerqueira; Neves, Rejane Pereira

2013-06-30

25

Development of the Stimulant Medication Outcome Expectancies Questionnaire for College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-prescribed use of stimulant medication among college students has become a public health concern. Although it has been well-established that outcome expectancies play a prominent role in initiation and maintenance of drinking behaviors it is unknown if and how outcome expectancies influence non-prescribed use of stimulant medication among college students. The aim of this study was to develop a valid

Allison K. Labbe; Stephen A. Maisto

2010-01-01

26

Teacher Interpersonal Behaviour and Secondary Students' Cognitive, Affective and Moral Outcomes in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study validated the Chinese version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) in the Hong Kong context as well as examined the relationship between students' perceptions of interpersonal teacher behaviour and their cognitive, affective and moral learning outcomes. Data were collected with the QTI and four other measures of student…

Sivan, Atara; Chan, Dennis W. K.

2013-01-01

27

Outcome assessment of bracing in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis by the use of the SRS22 questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SRS-22 questionnaire is specifically designed for the assessment of quality of life in spinal deformity patients. This\\u000a study is the first to use it to assess the quality of life of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients under brace treatment\\u000a and compares the results with an observational group matched by age and curve magnitude. Forty-six patients were enrolled\\u000a into each group.

Kenneth M. C. Cheung; Elaine Y. L. Cheng; Samantha C. W. Chan; Kelvin W. K. Yeung; Keith D. K. Luk

2007-01-01

28

Treatment of secondary orgasmic dysfunction: an outcome study.  

PubMed

This study investigated the differential effectiveness of various treatment formats for 55 couples in which the woman reported secondary orgasmic dysfunction (defined as the inability of the woman to reach orgasm during intercourse, with or without clitoral stimulation, more than 50% of the time for the last 5 months). Couples received two 2-hr sessions of sexual reeducation and were then assigned into one of four treatment conditions (a communication skills format, a sexual skills format, one of two combination formats) or into one of two control conditions (an attention-comparison control condition which consisted of didactic presentations, or a waiting-list control condition). Treatment was conducted by one of two female clinical psychologists in groups of between four to six couples. No significant differences were found between the different treatment conditions at the posttest or at the 6-month follow-up. Statistical comparisons conducted between the combined treatment and combined control conditions showed that the couples who received treatment reported significantly less overall sexual dissatisfaction and significantly greater sexual harmony at the posttest; however, these differences became nonsignificant at the follow-up. In comparison with the women in the control conditions, a significantly greater number of women who received treatment reached or exceeded the project's 50% criterion for coital orgasmic functioning at the posttest; however, these differences became nonsignificant at the follow-up. Couples who reported less relationship adjustment prior to treatment showed greater overall gains in coital orgasmic frequency than couples who reported better relationship adjustment. PMID:3729701

Kilmann, P R; Mills, K H; Caid, C; Davidson, E; Bella, B; Milan, R; Drose, G; Boland, J; Follingstad, D; Montgomery, B

1986-06-01

29

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

30

Evidence-Based Secondary Transition Predictors for Improving Postschool Outcomes for Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the secondary transition correlational literature to identify in-school predictors of improved postschool outcomes in the areas of education, employment, and/or independent living for students with disabilities. Based on results of this review, 16 evidence-based, in-school predictors…

Test, David W.; Mazzotti, Valerie L.; Mustian, April L.; Fowler, Catherine H.; Kortering, Larry; Kohler, Paula

2009-01-01

31

Educational Outcomes, Policy Reform and Cultural Capital in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Italy's poor performance in various indicators of educational achievement, such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), has featured strongly in analyses of Italian education policy, and its progress towards the Lisbon objectives has been slow. With weak outcomes often linked to a highly stratified system of upper secondary

Polesel, John

2010-01-01

32

Collaborative Involvement of Primary and Secondary Caregivers: Associations with Youths' Diabetes Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Objective?Collaboration between youths with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their adult caregivers may be central to effective management of T1D. This article includes analysis of cross-sectional associations between T1D outcomes (adherence, glycemic control, quality of life, family conflict, depression, and self-efficacy) and scores on the Collaborative Parent Involvement (CPI) Scale obtained from 309 youths with T1D about their primary and secondary caregivers.?Methods?MANCOVA, controlling for age, evaluated associations of diabetes outcomes with youths’ CPI scores for each caregiver.?Results?Diabetes outcomes were poor when both caregivers obtained CPI scores below the median. Diabetes outcomes were more strongly associated with CPI scores of primary, rather than secondary, caregivers. CPI scores at or above the median among primary caregivers were associated with more favorable status on multiple youth outcomes. When both caregivers obtained CPI scores at or above the median, children had significantly lower HbA1C and parents retained more responsibility for diabetes care.?Conclusions?Higher collaborative involvement, particularly among primary caregivers, was associated with favorable status along a variety of diabetes outcomes. Longitudinal studies could confirm if youth–parent collaboration is a justifiable intervention target.

Nansel, Tonja R.; Holmbeck, Grayson N.; Chen, Rusan; Laffel, Lori; Anderson, Barbara J.; Weissberg-Benchell, Jill

2009-01-01

33

Inclusionary and Exclusionary Secondary Schools: The Effect of School Culture on Student Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of secondary school culture on the dual student outcomes of academic achievement and engagement\\u000a with the institution attended. Elements of school culture were identified, specifically the roles played by administrators,\\u000a the professional teaching staff, and the adolescent peer group. A mixed-method research design was employed with the primary\\u000a research instrument taking the form of a

Patrick Brady

2005-01-01

34

Secondary science classroom dissections: Informing policy by evaluating cognitive outcomes and exploring affective outcomes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Animal protection organizations claim that dissection is pedagogically unsound and that it will cause students to lose respect for non-human animals. Science teacher organizations support curricula that teach respect for animal life and include dissection. Prior research compared dissection to dissection alternatives. Four of the six studies revealed no difference between groups on tests of cognitive outcomes. One study revealed that dissection was superior, and one revealed that the alternative was superior. No differences in attitudes toward science, dissection or school were found. Attitudes toward non-human animals were not measured. This study focused on the dissections of earthworms and frogs in middle and high school classrooms. Pre and post-tests of conceptual understanding revealed failing scores and no significant pre/post differences. Because these tests required critical thinking skills, and the dissection activities did not, it is difficult to determine if the poor performance on these tests indicates the inability of the students to think critically, and/or if it indicates the ineffectiveness of dissection. Further studies of dissections that focus on critical thinking would be necessary to make this distinction. Classroom observations, student written narratives, and student and adult interviews revealed mixed attitudes toward non-human animals. Student behaviors during dissection were similar to those behaviors exhibited during non-dissection activities. Most students and adults readily supported worm dissections while they expressed some trepidation about frog dissections. Students and adults universally expressed affection for their pets and opposed the use of their own pets for dissection/research. There was slight support for the use of dogs and cats for dissection/research, but only those students who expressed hate for cats said that they could dissect cats. None of the students or adults expressed a willingness to dissect dogs. Some students abandoned plans for life science careers because they did not want to do further dissections. Students and adults often expressed confliction about the use of animals for food and/or research. Students and adults employed psychological mechanisms including dissociation, conflict reduction and viewing animals as an "outgroup" to rationalize their support for the use of animals for food, dissection and research.

Allspaw, Kathleen M.

35

Imaging findings, prevalence and outcome of de novo and secondary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To evaluate the radiographic and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of primary and secondary malignant fibrous histiocytoma\\u000a in bone and determine the demographics, prevalence and outcome of patients with this tumor.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  A retrospective search of files from two institutions identified 28 patients with malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of\\u000a bone. Microscope slides were reviewed to confirm diagnosis and identify

Monica C. Koplas; Robert A. Lefkowitz; Thomas W. Bauer; Michael J. Joyce; Hakan Ilaslan; Jonathan Landa; Murali Sundaram

2010-01-01

36

Impact of interactive engagement on reducing the gender gap in quantum physics learning outcomes among senior secondary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the author examines the extent to which an interactive engagement approach can reduce the gender gap in senior secondary school (SSS) (age 16–18 years) students’ learning outcomes in quantum physics. One hundred and twenty one (male = 65; female = 56) SSS 3 students participated in this study. They were randomly selected from two senior secondary schools

Benson Adesina Adegoke

2012-01-01

37

Construction of a traditional Chinese medicine syndrome-specific outcome measure: the Kidney Deficiency Syndrome questionnaire (KDSQ)  

PubMed Central

Background Development of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome-specific outcome measures is needed for the evaluation of TCM syndrome-specific therapies. We constructed a Kidney Deficiency Syndrome Questionnaire (KDSQ) for the evaluation of the common TCM syndromes Kidney-Yin Deficiency Syndrome (KDS-Yin) and Kidney-Yang Deficiency Syndrome (KDS-Yang) in middle-aged women with menopausal symptoms. Methods KDS-Yin and KDS-Yang were traditionally defined by expert opinion were validated by exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM). Content validity was tested by EFA on a sample of 236 women from a seminar and SEM on another sample of 321 women from a postal survey. Other psychometric properties were tested on 292 women from the seminar at baseline and two systematically selected sub-samples: 54 who reported no changes in discomforts 11–12?days after the baseline and 31 who reported changes in discomforts 67–74?days after the baseline. All participants completed the KDSQ, the Greene Climacteric Scale and the standard 12-item Short Form Health Survey. Results The EFA and SEM established the measurement models of KDS-Yin and KDS-Yang supporting content validity of the KDSQ. Internal consistency was good (Cronbach’s Alpha >0.70). Construct validity was supported by theoretically-derived levels of correlation with the established external measures. Test–retest reliability was strong (ICCagreement: KDS-Yin, 0.94; KDS-Yang, 0.93). The KDSQ was responsive to changes over time as tested by effect size and longitudinal validity. Conclusions The KDSQ was a valid and reliable measure for KDS-Yin and KDS-Yang in Hong Kong Chinese middle-aged women with menopausal symptoms.

2012-01-01

38

Treatment outcome of secondary orgasmic dysfunction: a two- to six-year follow-up.  

PubMed

Sixty-six women reporting secondary orgasmic dysfunction and their partners, who received one of five group treatment formats, were sent questionnaires 2-6 years later. Thirty-eight of the women and 38 of the male partners responded to the follow-up questionnaires. Women who were not divorced and who did not receive additional treatment after group treatment (n = 28) showed consistent increases across time in their ability to experience orgasm during intercourse, improving from a mean coital orgasmic frequency of 9.5% before treatment to 36.9% at long-term follow-up. Sexual harmony and coital frequency showed similar increases following treatment but had returned to near baseline levels 2-6 years later. Divorced women and women who received additional treatment (n = 10) demonstrated greater declines in sexual harmony over the follow-up period than did their untreated counterparts. The subjects reported generally favorable reactions to treatment and stressed the importance of a treatment focus on communication and relationship skills. Regression analyses suggested the predictive importance of variables associated with the male partner's functioning. The implications of the results for clinical practice and for future research are discussed. PMID:3223809

Milan, R J; Kilmann, P R; Boland, J P

1988-12-01

39

The Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ): development and validation of an effective patient-reported tool for outcome measurement and patient safety in shoulder surgery  

PubMed Central

Background Outcome measurement in shoulder surgery is essential to evaluate the patient safety and treatment efficiency. Currently this is jeopardized by the fact that most patient-reported self-assessment instruments are not comparable. Hence, the aim was to develop a reliable self-assessment questionnaire which allows an easy follow-up of patients. The questionnaire also allows the calculation of 3 well established scoring systems, i.e. the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), the Constant-Murley Score (CMS), and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Score. The subjective and objective items of these three systems were condensed into a single 30-questions form and validated against the original questionnaires. Methods A representative collective of patients of our shoulder clinic was asked to fill in the newly designed self-assessment Munich Shoulder Questionnaire (MSQ). At the same time, the established questionnaires for self-assessment of CONSTANT, SPADI and DASH scores were handed out. The obtained results were compared by linear regression analysis. Results Fifty one patients completed all questionnaires. The correlation coefficients of the results were r?=?0.91 for the SPADI, r?=?-0.93 for the DASH and r?=?0.94 for the CMS scoring system, respectively. Conclusions We developed an instrument which allows a quantitative self-assessment of shoulder function. It provides compatible data sets for the three most popular shoulder function scoring systems by one single, short 30-item. This instrument can be used by shoulder surgeons to effectively monitor the outcome, safety and quality of their treatment and also compare the results to published data in the literature.

2012-01-01

40

The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) outcome questionnaire: longitudinal construct validity and measuring self-rated health change after surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire is a self-administered region-specific outcome instrument developed as a measure of self-rated upper-extremity disability and symptoms. The DASH consists mainly of a 30-item disability\\/symptom scale, scored 0 (no disability) to 100. The main purpose of this study was to assess the longitudinal construct validity of the DASH among patients

Christina Gummesson; Isam Atroshi; Charlotte Ekdahl

2003-01-01

41

A comparison of telephone and paper self-completed questionnaires of main patient-related outcome measures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was performed to assess the correlation between telephone and self-administration of patient-related outcomes (PROs) used in the assessment of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Participants underwent a telephone interview in which the following measures were evaluated: numerical rating scales (NRSs) for global health, pain intensity, global pain, back pain, and back pain at night; BASDI, BASFI, Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), ASQoL, EuroQol, SF-12, and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire. Within 48 h after the telephone interview, patients were appointed for a clinical visit in which the same questionnaires and in the same order were self-administered. The degree of correlation of outcomes measures between telephone interview and self-administration was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The two modes of assessing PROs were highly reliable, with ICC of 0.81 for BASDAI, 0.82 for BASFI, and 0.75 for HAQ. NRSs for global health, global pain intensity, back pain, and back pain at night also showed ICCs between 0.51 and 0.70, and only NRS for global disease activity showed an ICC of 0.45. This results were similar in patients with AS and patients with psoriatic arthritis. Social functioning and mental health domains of the SF-12 as well as EuroQol had poor correlations. The ICCs for WPAI outcomes were very good or good. We conclude that PROs in AS patients are comparable in both self-administered paper questionnaires and via a telephone interview. Different modes of assessing PRO measures facilitate the assessment of patients with AS in routine practice. PMID:23793389

Ariza-Ariza, Rafael; Hernández-Cruz, Blanca; Navarro-Compán, Victoria; Leyva Pardo, Christian; Juanola, Xavier; Navarro-Sarabia, Federico

2013-06-21

42

Shaping Aspirations, Awareness, Academics, and Action: Outcomes of Summer Enrichment Programs for English-Learning Secondary Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mixed-method evaluation of two iterations of month-long summer enrichment programs for English-learning secondary students investigated impacts on participants' beliefs about school and academic achievement, and on actual course choices, test outcomes, and graduation rates. Students (N = 85) from one ethnically diverse, high-poverty high school in…

Matthews, Paul H.; Mellom, Paula J.

2012-01-01

43

Impact of Interactive Engagement on Reducing the Gender Gap in Quantum Physics Learning Outcomes among Senior Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the author examines the extent to which an interactive engagement approach can reduce the gender gap in senior secondary school (SSS) (age 16-18 years) students' learning outcomes in quantum physics. One hundred and twenty one (male = 65; female = 56) SSS 3 students participated in this study. They were randomly selected from two…

Adegoke, Benson Adesina

2012-01-01

44

Disease Patterns and Outcomes of Neonatal Admissions at a Secondary Care Hospital in Pakistan  

PubMed Central

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the disease patterns and outcome of patients admitted to the neonatal unit of a secondary care hospital in Pakistan from January to December 2009. Methods: Retrospective data from the medical records of all neonates admitted during the study period were reviewed and analysed for age, weight, sex, reason for admission, duration of hospital stay, diagnosis and final outcome. Trends were examined to identify the indicators of inpatient neonatal deaths. Results: The total number of neonates admitted during the study period was 1,554; 979 were male (63%), and 575 were female (37%). A total of 891 patients (57.3%) were born in the hospital while 663 (42.7%) were born elsewhere. The majority were admitted during the first 24 hours of life (51.3%). A total of 13 patients (0.8%) weighed <1 Kg; 85 (5.4%) weighed 1–1.49 Kg, and 587 (37.7%) between 1.5–2.5 Kg. Prematurity and infection were the main reasons for admission (27.9% and 20.33%, respectively), followed by birth asphyxia (13%) and neonatal jaundice (11.3%). A total of 1,287 patients (82.8%) were discharged, 41 left against medical advice (2.6%), 59 were referred to tertiary care hospitals (3.79%) and 106 (6.8%) died. Conclusion: Prematurity, low birth weight, birth asphyxia and neonatal jaundice were the major causes of neonatal admissions. This could be reduced by appropriate antenatal care, timely intervention, and in-time referral to tertiary care centres for the deliveries of all high-risk pregnancies. The major cause of neonatal mortality was prematurity.

Ali, Syed R.; Ahmed, Shakeel; Lohana, Heeramani

2013-01-01

45

Evaluating the Quality of Pain Management in a Hospital Setting: Testing the Psychometric Properties of the Icelandic Version of the Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Pain management is an important aspect of providing quality health care, and monitoring patient-related outcomes is a recommended quality improvement practice. Valid and reliable tools are needed for this purpose. The American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ) is widely used to measure quality of pain management. The APS-POQ was recently revised to reflect advances in pain management. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the revised version in Icelandic patients in the hospital setting. The questionnaire was translated according to an adaptation of Brislin's model. Data were collected from 143 patients on 23 wards in a university hospital. Participants were ?18 years old, hospitalized for >24 hours, alert, not too ill to participate, and in pain ?1 on a 0-10 scale in the past 24 hours. Mean (SD) age was 66 (18) years, 51.4% were women, 48.6% men. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation confirmed a five-component structure, but four items lowered reliability and were removed from the scales. The final version consists of four components, with Cronbach ? >.70, explaining 64.2% of the variance. Participants had little difficulty in answering the questionnaire, but two additional items about participation in decisions and pain medications were added in response to patients' comments and suggestions. Administering the Icelandic version of the APS-POQ-R was found to be feasible, and the questionnaire has acceptable construct validity and reliability. The results support the use of the APS-POQ-R-I to evaluate the quality of pain management in hospitals in Iceland. PMID:23318415

Zoëga, Sigridur; Ward, Sandra; Gunnarsdottir, Sigridur

2012-09-24

46

The Bournemouth Questionnaire: A short-form comprehensive outcome measure. I. Psychometric properties in back pain patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Develop and test a short-form comprehensive outcome measure for back pain. Design: Prospective longitudinal study of 3 consecutive cohorts of back pain patients. Setting: Anglo-European College of Chiropractic outpatient clinic and several field chiropractic practices. Method: Domains judged important in the back pain model and responsive to clinical change were identified from the literature. Items were scored on an

Jennifer E. Bolton; Alan C. Breen

1999-01-01

47

An outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy: Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ): Part 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  An outcome measure to evaluate the neurological function of cervical myelopathy was proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association\\u000a in 1975 (JOA score), and has been widely used in Japan. However, the JOA score does not include patients’ satisfaction, disability,\\u000a handicaps, or general health, which can be affected by cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this study was to develop a new

Mitsuru Fukui; Kazuhiro Chiba; Mamoru Kawakami; Shin-ichi Kikuchi; Shin-ichi Konno; Masabumi Miyamoto; Atsushi Seichi; Tadashi Shimamura; Osamu Shirado; Toshihiko Taguchi; Kazuhisa Takahashi; Katsushi Takeshita; Toshikazu Tani; Yoshiaki Toyama; Eiji Wada; Kazuo Yonenobu; Takashi Tanaka; Yoshio Hirota

2007-01-01

48

Long-Term Outcome of Delayed Primary or Early Secondary Reconstruction of the Anal Sphincter after Obstetrical Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Traditionally sphincter repair has not been performed during the puerperium. This prospective study was designed to determine\\u000a the long-term outcome of delayed primary or early secondary sphincteroplasty in the puerperium.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Between 1991 and 2005, 22 females underwent delayed primary or early secondary repair after third-degree or fourth-degree\\u000a anal sphincter rupture. Delayed primary reconstruction was performed more than 72 hours after delivery.

Mette M. Soerensen; Karl M. Bek; Steen Buntzen; Karen-Elise Højberg; Søren Laurberg

2008-01-01

49

Shaping Aspirations, Awareness, Academics, and Action: Outcomes of Summer Enrichment Programs for English-Learning Secondary Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mixed-method evaluation of two iterations of month-long summer enrichment programs for English-learning secondary students investigated impacts on participants’ beliefs about school and academic achievement, and on actual course choices, test outcomes, and graduation rates. Students (N = 85) from one ethnically diverse, high-poverty high school in a large school district in Georgia took part in science and academic English-themed summer

Paul H. Matthews; Paula J. Mellom

2012-01-01

50

Outcomes of a systematically designed strategy for the implementation of sex education in Dutch secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of a sys- tematically designed innovation strategy on teachers' implementation of a sex education curriculum and its related determinants. A quasi-experimental group design was used to assess the effectiveness of the innovation strat- egy. Teachers filled in questionnaires on the determinants of curriculum implementation and kept a record of their actual use of the curriculum.

C. H. Wiefferink; J. Poelman; M. Linthorst; I. Vanwesenbeeck; J. C. M. van Wijngaarden; T. G. W. Paulussen

2005-01-01

51

Which Outcome Measure is the Best? Evaluating Responsiveness of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire, the Michigan Hand Questionnaire and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale Following Hand and Wrist Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the responsiveness of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand\\u000a (DASH) questionnaire, the Michigan Hand Questionnaire (MHQ), and the Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) in patients\\u000a with carpal tunnel syndrome, wrist pain, finger contracture, or tumor. Eighty-one subjects prospectively completed each questionnaire\\u000a shortly before and 3 and 6 months after surgery.

Catherine R. McMillan; Paul A. Binhammer

2009-01-01

52

Under which conditions is character displacement a likely outcome of secondary contact?  

PubMed

Sympatric character displacement is one possible mechanism that prevents competitive exclusion. This mechanism is thought to be behind the radiation of Darwin's finches, where character displacement is assumed to have followed secondary contact of ecologically similar species. We use a model to evaluate under which ecological and environmental conditions this mechanism is likely. Using the adaptive dynamics theory, we analyse different ecological models embedded in the secondary contact scenario. We highlight two necessary conditions for character displacement in sympatry: (i) very strong premating isolation between the two populations, and (ii) secondary contact to occur at an evolutionary branching point. Character displacement is then driven by adaptation to interspecific competition. We determine how ecological and environmental parameters influence the probability of ecological divergence. Finally, we discuss the likelihood of sympatric character displacement under disruptive selection in natural populations. PMID:22873436

Aguilée, Robin; de Becdelièvre, Benoît; Lambert, Amaury; Claessen, David

2011-03-01

53

The linkage between secondary victimization by law enforcement and rape case outcomes.  

PubMed

Prior research has suggested that almost half of rape victims are treated by law enforcement in ways that they experience as upsetting (termed secondary victimization). However, it remains unknown why some victims have negative experiences with law enforcement and others do not. The purpose of this study is to explore victims' experiences with secondary victimization by detectives, comparing how these experiences vary in cases that were ultimately prosecuted by the criminal justice system to those that were not prosecuted. A total of 20 rape victims are interviewed within one county. The study uses grounded theory qualitative analysis, which showed that participants whose cases were eventually prosecuted described the detectives' treatment toward them considerably different than participants with nonprosecuted cases. The study findings further show that victims with cases that were not prosecuted primarily described their detectives as engaging in secondary victimization behaviors and that victims with cases that were ultimately prosecuted primarily described their detectives as responding compassionately toward them. PMID:20237390

Patterson, Debra

2010-03-17

54

Secondary Students with Moderate/Severe Intellectual Disability: Considerations of Curriculum and Post-School Outcomes from the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: A conversation currently exists regarding secondary curriculum (e.g. academics, functional) for students with moderate/severe intellectual disability (ID) without a large research base connecting curriculum to outcomes. Method: This study represented a secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2) data to…

Bouck, E. C.

2012-01-01

55

The effect of a web-based depression intervention on suicide ideation: secondary outcome from a randomised controlled trial in a helpline  

PubMed Central

Objectives The effect of web-based interventions for depression on suicide ideation in callers to helplines is not known. The aim of this study was to determine if web-based Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) with and without telephone support is effective in reducing suicide ideation in callers to a helpline compared with treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to examine the factors that predict change in suicide ideation. Putative predictors included level of baseline depression, suicide behaviour, baseline anxiety and type of intervention. Design Randomised controlled trial. Setting Lifeline, Australia's 24?h telephone counselling service participants: 155 callers to a national helpline service with moderate-to-high psychological distress. Interventions Participants were recruited and randomised to receive either 6?weeks of internet CBT plus weekly telephone follow-up; internet CBT only; weekly telephone follow-up only or a wait-list TAU control group. Primary and secondary outcome measures Suicidal ideation was measured using four items from the 28-item General Health Questionnaire. Predictors of change in ideation were tested using logistic regression analysis. Results Regardless of the intervention condition, participants showed significant reductions in suicidal ideation over 12?months (p<0.001). Higher baseline suicidal behaviour decreased the odds of remission of suicidal ideation at postintervention (OR 0.409, p<0.001). However, change in depression over the course of the interventions was associated with improvement in suicide ideation (OR 1.165, p<0.001). Conclusions Suicide ideation declines with and without proactive intervention. Improvements in depression are associated with the resolution of suicide ideation. Specific interventions focusing on suicide ideation should be further investigated. Trial registration Controlled-Trials.com ISRCTN93903959.

Christensen, Helen; Farrer, Louise; Batterham, Philip J; Mackinnon, Andrew; Griffiths, Kathleen M; Donker, Tara

2013-01-01

56

Secondary Outcomes of a Pilot Randomized Trial of Azithromycin Treatment for Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The respiratory pathogen Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) produces acute and chronic lung infections and is associated with asthma. Evidence for effectiveness of antichlamydial antibiotics in asthma is limited. The primary objective of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility of performing an asthma clinical trial in practice settings where most asthma is encountered and managed. The secondary objectives

David L. Hahn; Mary Beth Plane; Olaimatu S. Mahdi; Gerald I. Byrne

2006-01-01

57

The Linkage between Secondary Victimization by Law Enforcement and Rape Case Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prior research has suggested that almost half of rape victims are treated by law enforcement in ways that they experience as upsetting (termed "secondary victimization"). However, it remains unknown why some victims have negative experiences with law enforcement and others do not. The purpose of this study is to explore victims' experiences with…

Patterson, Debra

2011-01-01

58

A Theoretically Grounded Exploration of the Social and Emotional Outcomes of Transition to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescent development involves a complex interplay between genetics, biology, and social and emotional relationships within multiple contexts of home, school and the broader community. The transition from primary to secondary school, coupled with the onset of puberty, can therefore be a difficult period for young people to negotiate at a…

Waters, Stacey K.; Lester, Leanne; Wenden, Elizabeth; Cross, Donna

2012-01-01

59

Secondary Evaluations of MTA 36Month Outcomes: Propensity Score and Growth Mixture Model Analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To evaluate two hypotheses: that self-selection bias contributed to lack of medication advantage at the 36-month assessment of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA) and that overall improvement over time obscured treatment effects in subgroups with different outcome trajectories.

JAMES M. SWANSON; STEPHEN P. HINSHAW; L. EUGENE ARNOLD; ROBERT D. GIBBONS; SUE MARCUS; KWAN HUR; PETER S. JENSEN; BENEDETTO VITIELLO; HOWARD B. ABIKOFF; LAURENCE L. GREENHILL; LILY HECHTMAN; WILLIAM E. PELHAM; KAREN C. WELLS; C. KEITH CONNERS; JOHN S. MARCH; GLEN R. ELLIOTT; JEFFERY N. EPSTEIN; KIMBERLY HOAGWOOD; BETSY HOZA; BROOKE S. G. MOLINA; JEFFREY H. NEWCORN; JOANNE B. SEVERE; TIMOTHY WIGAL

2007-01-01

60

Secondary Evaluations of MTA 36-Month Outcomes: Propensity Score and Growth Mixture Model Analyses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To evaluate two hypotheses: that self-selection bias contributed to lack of medication advantage at the 36-month assessment of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With ADHD (MTA) and that overall improvement over time obscured treatment effects in subgroups with different outcome trajectories. Method: Propensity score analyses,…

Swanson, James M.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Gibbons, Robert D.; Marcus, Sue; Hur, Kwan; Jensen, Peter S.; Vitiello, Benedetto; Abikoff, Howard B.: Greenhill, Laurence L.; Hechtman, Lily; Pelham, William E.; Wells, Karen C.; Conners, C. Keith; March, John S.; Elliott, Glen R.; Epstein, Jeffery N.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Hoza, Betsy; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Newcorn, Jeffrey H.; Severe, Joanne B.; Wigal, Timothy

2007-01-01

61

Secondary student perspectives on musical and educational outcomes from participation in band festivals  

Microsoft Academic Search

While it seems many music educators share an enthusiasm for music festivals, others do not. Discrepancies seem to be rooted in the perceived educational outcomes in terms of musical knowledge gained, motivation, competition, psychological impact and social considerations. Advocates believe competitive festivals provide a ‘superlative’ motivational factor and elevate performance quality beyond what could otherwise be achieved. Students and directors

Peter Gouzouasis; Alan Henderson

2012-01-01

62

Outcome of Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery for Spontaneous Secondary Pneumothorax  

PubMed Central

Background Conventional treatment (i.e. chest tube insertion and chemical pleurodesis) still remains standard for patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax because the risk of surgical bullectomy is deemed high in this subset. However, it has been suggested that surgical treatment using thoracoscopy may expedite postoperative recovery and, thus, may reduce hospital stay. Materials and Methods Retrospective review of 61 patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax, who underwent conventional treatment (n=39) or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) (n=22) between January 2007 and December 2009, was performed. Talc was used for chemical pleurodesis in both groups. Results Hospital stay of conventional treatment group and VATS group was 14.2±14.2 days (4~58 days) and 10.6±5.8 days (5~32 days), respectively, with statistically significant difference (p=0.033). Recurrence rate of conventional treatment group was also significantly higher (12/39, 30%) compared to VATS group (1/22, 4.5%) (p=0.016). Conclusion In selected patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothorax with continuous air leak or inadequate lung expansion, thoracoscopic surgery with chemical pleurodesis using talc results in shorter hospital stay and lower recurrence rate compared to conventional approach.

Kim, Sung Jun; Kim, Hyoung-Soo; Shin, Ho-Seung; Lee, Jae-Woong; Kim, Kun-Il; Cho, Sung-Woo; Lee, Won Yong

2011-01-01

63

Alcohol-related outcome expectancies: construct overview and implications for primary and secondary prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol-related outcome expectancies, or just alcohol expectancies for short, represent individually-held expectations regarding alcohol's anticipated positive and negative effects. Alcohol expectancies arise through social learning influences (e.g., modeling), are modified by drinking experiences, and have been shown to predict problem drinking behavior. Following an overview of the alcohol expectancy construct and a brief review of the literature on expectancy-drinking relations,

James B. Hittner

1997-01-01

64

Students' Perceptions of Secondary Science Teachers' Interpersonal Style in Six Countries: A Study on the Cross National Validity of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compares the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) constructed by Wubbels, et al., for six countries including The Netherlands, United States, Australia, Slovakia, Singapore, and Brunei. The Model for Interpersonal Teacher Behavior (MITB) as a "circumplex" model with specific properties is discussed and an overview of methods to…

den Brok, Perry; Fisher, Darrell; Brekelmans, Mieke; Rickards, Tony; Wubbels, Theo; Levy, Jack; Waldrip, Bruce

65

Reliability and Validity Evidence of Scores on the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire in a Sample of Spanish Students of Compulsory Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the reliability and validity evidence drawn from the scores of the Spanish version of the Achievement Goal Tendencies Questionnaire (AGTQ) using a sample of 2,022 (51.1% boys) Spanish students from grades 7 to 10. Confirmatory factor analysis replicated the correlated three-factor structure of the AGTQ in this sample: Learning…

Ingles, Candido J.; Garcia-Fernandez, Jose M.; Castejon, Juan L.; Valle, Antonio; Delgado, Beatriz; Marzo, Juan C.

2009-01-01

66

Students' Perceptions of Science Teachers' Interpersonal Behaviour in Secondary Schools: Development of a Turkish Version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a Turkish adaptation of an existing instrument for measuring teacher interpersonal behaviour. The Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) maps teacher behaviour in terms of two dimensions: Influence (Dominance-Submission) and Proximity (Cooperation-Opposition). A…

Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

2007-01-01

67

Construct validation of patient global impression of severity (PGI-S) and improvement (PGI-I) questionnaires in the treatment of men with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia  

PubMed Central

Background Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in aging men are often associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). While regulatory evaluations of treatment benefit require an assessment of specific symptoms, a simpler approach to measuring patients’ perceptions of severity and symptom change may be particularly useful for clinical practice. The aim of this study was to provide evidence of the validity of the 1-item Patient Global Impression of Severity (PGI-S) and Improvement (PGI-I) questionnaires for use as outcome measures in the treatment of BPH-LUTS. Methods This was a secondary analysis of data from 4 randomized placebo-controlled 12-week trials evaluating tadalafil for the treatment of BPH-LUTS (N=1694). Visit 2 (V2 [beginning of a 4-week placebo lead-in period]) and endpoint assessments included International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), IPSS Quality of Life Index (IPSS-QoL), BPH Impact Index (BII), and peak urine flow (Qmax). PGI-S was only administered at V2 and PGI-I only at endpoint. Associations between the PGI-S or the PGI-I and the other assessments were analyzed by calculating Spearman rank correlation coefficients and performing analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results Spearman correlation coefficients were 0.43, 0.43, 0.53, and ?0.09, between the PGI-S and IPSS, IPSS-QoL, BII, and Qmax baseline results (all P<0.001). Similar results were seen across race, ethnicity, and baseline severity (moderate LUTS versus severe LUTS). IPSS, IPSS-QoL, BII baseline scores (P <0.001) and Qmax values (P=0.003) were significantly different among the 4 PGI-S severity levels. Spearman correlation coefficients were 0.56, 0.53, 0.47 and ?0.15 between the PGI-I and change in IPSS, IPSS-QoL, BII scores, and Qmax values from baseline to endpoint (all P<0.001). Similar results were seen across race, ethnicity, and baseline severity. Change in IPSS, IPSS-QoL, BII scores, and Qmax values (P<0.001) were significantly different among the PGI-I levels (i.e., patient perception of change in urinary symptoms). Conclusions This study demonstrated patients’ overall perceptions of their severity and change in BPH-LUTS can be captured in a way that is simple, valid, and easily administered in a research setting or clinical practice. Clinical parameters are weakly associated with patients’ perception of urinary symptoms, emphasizing the importance of a patient-reported assessment in the evaluation of BPH-LUTS treatment benefit.

2012-01-01

68

Vertebral fracture secondary to suicide attempt: demographics and patient outcome in a Scottish spinal rehabilitation unit  

PubMed Central

Objective To establish occurrence, method of injury, length of stay (LOS), psychiatric diagnosis, rehabilitation outcome, and demographic data for those admitted to a Scottish Spinal Injuries Rehabilitation Unit as a consequence of deliberate self-harm (DSH). Design A retrospective audit of case-notes and electronic databases of admissions and rehabilitation outcome in a spinal cord injury (SCI) unit where the mechanism of injury was (DSH). Results Forty-six (44 having detailed data available) patients were identified with 95% of injuries resulting from falls. Thirty-six people had pre-existing mental health problems (82%) with 15 (34%) having this diagnosis established shortly after admission. Seventy-five per cent received follow-up from mental health services. Ninety-five per cent returned to their pre-injury (or similar) residence. LOS and functional independence measure (FIM) for the DSH group were compared with a non-DSH group. No differences were found in those with SCI. LOS was significantly longer in the patients with vertebral fracture and no neurological impairment (32 versus 22 days). Sixty-four per cent of those who had self-harmed had substance dependence problems. The predominance of falls (63%) occurred in a residential setting. Annual admissions due to individuals self-harming were stable across the studied period. Conclusions Spinal column fracture in the DSH group is predominantly caused by falls. High levels of mental health and substance abuse problems are noted necessitating formal mental health assessment and follow-up. DSH as a mechanism for injury appears to have a significant impact on LOS only if the patient has fracture without SCI. Immediate rehabilitation outcomes are similar to that of non-DSH group.

Anderson, James; Allan, David B.

2011-01-01

69

Benchmarks for multidimensional recovery after burn injury in young adults: the development, validation, and testing of the American Burn Association/Shriners Hospitals for Children young adult burn outcome questionnaire.  

PubMed

Although data exist on burn survival, there are little data on long-term burn recovery. Patient-centered health outcomes are useful in monitoring and predicting recovery and evaluating treatments. An outcome questionnaire for young adult burn survivors was developed and tested. This 5-year (2003-2008) prospective, controlled, multicenter study included burned and nonburned adults ages 19 to 30 years. The Young Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaires were completed at initial contact, 10 days, and 6 and 12 months. Factor analysis established construct validity. Reliability assessments used Cronbach ? and test-retest. Recovery patterns were investigated using generalized linear models, with generalized estimating equations using mixed models and random effects. Burned (n = 153) and nonburned subjects (n = 112) completed 620 questionnaires (47 items). Time from injury to first questionnaire administration was 157 ± 36 days (mean ± SEM). Factor analysis included 15 factors: Physical Function, Fine Motor Function, Pain, Itch, Social Function Limited by Physical Function, Perceived Appearance, Social Function Limited by Appearance, Sexual Function, Emotion, Family Function, Family Concern, Satisfaction With Symptom Relief, Satisfaction With Role, Work Reintegration, and Religion. Cronbach ? ranged from 0.72 to 0.92, with 11 scales >0.8. Test-retest reliability ranged from 0.29 to 0.94, suggesting changes in underlying health status after burns. Recovery curves in five domains, Itch, Perceived Appearance, Social Function Limited by Appearance, Family Concern, and Satisfaction with Symptom Relief, remained below the reference group at 24 months. The Young Adult Burn Outcome Questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument for multidimensional functional outcomes assessment. Recovery in some domains was incomplete. PMID:23511284

Ryan, Colleen M; Schneider, Jeffrey C; Kazis, Lewis E; Lee, Austin; Li, Nien-Chen; Hinson, Michelle; Bauk, Helena; Peck, Michael; Meyer, Walter J; Palmieri, Tina; Pidcock, Frank S; Reilly, Debra; Tompkins, Ronald G

70

School-based secondary prevention for children with disruptive behavior: initial outcomes.  

PubMed

First through fourth graders from 22 suburban elementary schools were screened for cross-setting disruptive behavior as eligibility criteria for participation in a longitudinal secondary prevention study aimed at reducing the risk for serious externalizing behavioral disorders. Three hundred nine subjects participated in either a multicomponent competence enhancement intervention (MCEI) or an information/attention control (IAC) condition over a 2-year period. Following baseline requirements, initial intervention effects were assessed at the end of intervention Year 1, at the beginning of intervention Year 2 (fall of the next school year), and at the end of intervention Year 2. Multisource assessments were not supportive of the efficacy of the MCEI over the IAC condition. Children in both groups rated themselves as improved over time in terms of increased adaptive skills and decreased school problems and internalizing symptoms. Teacher and parent ratings of externalizing behavior did not yield evidence of positive change, but teachers noted improved problem solving and observers noted a decrease in behavioral interference in both groups over time, possibly as a result of maturation. PMID:9212372

Braswell, L; August, G J; Bloomquist, M L; Realmuto, G M; Skare, S S; Crosby, R D

1997-06-01

71

Teenagers' knowledge of emergency contraception: questionnaire survey in south east Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjective: To determine the level of knowledge of emergency contraception among 14 and 15 year olds.Design: Confidential questionnaire survey.Setting: 10 secondary schools in Lothian, south east Scotland.Subjects: 1206 pupils predominantly (98.7%) aged 14 and 15 in the fourth year of secondary school.Main outcome measures: Knowledge of the existence of emergency contraception; of its safety, efficacy, and time limits; and of

Anna Graham; Lora Green; Anna F Glasier

1996-01-01

72

Success and Failure in Secondary Education: Socio-Economic Background Effects on Secondary School Outcome in the Netherlands, 1927-1998  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the Netherlands, educational attainment is the result of a sequence of separate educational transitions. Because of the tracked nature of the Dutch educational system, students do not make binary stay-or-leave-decisions at each transition. After having entered one track of secondary education, students can change tracks during the entire…

Tieben, Nicole; Wolbers, Maarten

2010-01-01

73

The Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire as an outcome measure: Test–retest reliability and responsiveness to change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abilities of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire to assess change have scarcely been addressed in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to examine test–retest reliability, sensitivity to change and responsiveness to clinically important change using a Norwegian version (NSF-MPQ) in different groups of patients. ICC(1,1) values for test–retest reliability (relative reliability) assessed 1–3 days apart for total,

Liv Inger Strand; Anne Elisabeth Ljunggren; Baard Bogen; Tove Ask; Tom Backer Johnsen

2008-01-01

74

Social and School Connectedness in Early Secondary School as Predictors of Late Teenage Substance Use, Mental Health, and Academic Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine associations between social relationships and school engagement in early secondary school and mental health, substance use, and educational achievement 2- 4 years later. Methods: School-based longitudinal study of secondary school students, surveyed at school in Year 8 (13-14-years-old) and Year 10 (16-years-old), and 1-year post-secondary school. A total of 2678 Year 8 students (74%) participated in the

Lyndal Bond; Helen Butler; G. Dip; John Carlin; Sara Glover; Glenn Bowes; George Patton

2007-01-01

75

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety-disordered youth: Secondary outcomes from a randomized clinical trial evaluating child and family modalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined secondary outcomes of a randomized clinical trial that evaluated an individual cognitive-behavioral (ICBT), family-based cognitive-behavioral (FCBT), and family-based education, support and attention (FESA) treatment for anxious youth. Participants (161) were between 7 and 14 years (M=10.27) of age and had a principal diagnosis of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, and\\/or generalized anxiety disorder. Hierarchical linear modeling examined

Cynthia Suveg; Jennifer L. Hudson; Gene Brewer; Ellen Flannery-Schroeder; Elizabeth Gosch; Philip C. Kendall

2009-01-01

76

Revised American Pain Society Patient Outcome Questionnaire (APS-POQ-R) for Quality Improvement of Pain Management in Hospitalized Adults: Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality improvement (QI) is a compilation of methods adapted from psychology, statistics, and operations research to identify factors that contribute to poor treatment outcomes and to design solutions for improvement. Valid and reliable measurement is essential to QI using rigorously developed and tested instruments. The purpose of this article is to describe the evolution of the American Pain Society Patient

Debra B. Gordon; Rosemary C. Polomano; Teresa A. Pellino; Dennis C. Turk; Lance M. McCracken; Gwen Sherwood; Judith A. Paice; Mark S. Wallace; Scott A. Strassels; John T. Farrar

2010-01-01

77

The health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) is strongly predictive of good outcome in early diffuse scleroderma: results from an analysis of two randomized controlled trials in early diffuse scleroderma N. Sultan, J. E. Pope and P. J. Clements1 for the Scleroderma Trials Study Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Scoring poorly on the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) has recently been shown to be a strong predictor of morbidity and mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), while a good HAQ score is predictive of a better outcome. In patients presenting with early diffuse scleroderma prognosis is variable. Our goal was to determine possible baseline predictors of future good outcomes. Methods.

D. E. Furst; J. R. Siebold; W. K. Wong; N. Bellamy; M. Mayes; M. Baron; B. White; M. Ellman; F. Wigley; S. Carette; M. H. Weisman; C. D. Smith; W. Barr; I. M. Chalmers; L. W. Moreland; T. A. Medsger Jr; P. Hong; V. Steen; D. O'Hanlon; R. W. Martin

78

The Practice of Equity. Access to, Treatment in, and Outcomes of Vocational Education in the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the issue of educational equity in vocational education in 14 classrooms at 8 public secondary schools in Minnesota. The study used a naturalistic inquiry approach based on classroom observations and interviews with students, teachers, administrators, and counselors. Each of the members of the research team prepared a different…

Plihal, Jane; And Others

79

Helping Alliance, Retention, and Treatment Outcomes: A Secondary Analysis From the NIDA Clinical Trials Network Women and Trauma Study  

PubMed Central

We examined the association between the therapeutic alliance and treatment outcomes among 223 women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders who participated in a multisite clinical trial of group treatments for trauma and addictions in the United States throughout 2004 and 2005. General linear models indicated that women who received Seeking Safety, a cognitive-behavioral treatment, had significantly higher alliance ratings than those in Women's Health Education, a control group. Alliance was related to significant decreases in PTSD symptoms and higher attendance in both interventions. Alliance was not related to substance use outcomes. Implications and limitations of the findings are discussed.

Ruglass, Lesia M.; Miele, Gloria M.; Hien, Denise A.; Campbell, Aimee N. C.; Hu, Mei-Chen; Caldeira, Nathilee; Jiang, Huiping; Litt, Lisa; Killeen, Therese; Hatch-Maillette, Mary; Najavits, Lisa; Brown, Chanda; Robinson, James A.; Brigham, Gregory S.; Nunes, Edward V.

2013-01-01

80

An Environmental Intervention to Promote Lower-Fat Food Choices in Secondary Schools: Outcomes of the TACOS Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We evaluated an environmental intervention intended to increase sales of lower-fat foods in secondary school cafeterias. Methods. Twenty secondary schools were randomly assigned to either an environmental intervention or a control group for a 2-year period. The intervention increased the availability of lower-fat foods and implemented student-based promotions. Results. A steeper rate of increase in sales of lower-fat foods in year 1 (10% intervention vs ?2.8% control, P = .002) and a higher percentage of sales of lower-fat foods in year 2 (33.6% intervention vs 22.1% control, P = .04) were observed. There were no significant changes in student self-reported food choices. Conclusions. School-based environmental interventions to increase availability and promotion of lower-fat foods can increase purchase of these foods among adolescents.

French, Simone A.; Story, Mary; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Hannan, Peter

2004-01-01

81

Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus infection in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar post-smolts affects the outcome of secondary infections with infectious salmon anaemia virus or Vibrio salmonicida.  

PubMed

Infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) virus (IPNV) infection in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. post-smolts and its influence on the outcome of secondary infections with infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) or Vibrio salmonicida were studied. The infections with ISAV or V salmonicida were performed both in a period of acute IPN and in the following IPNV carrier stage, 3 and 6 to 8 wk after experimental IPNV challenge, respectively. An IPNV carrier condition at low virus titre did not influence the mortality rates after secondary infections. Neither the ISAV infection nor the V. salmonicida infection in experimentally induced IPNV carriers resulted in mortalities different from those observed after challenge of IPNV-free fish. At higher IPNV titres in Atlantic salmon with acute IPN, the outcome of secondary infections was quite different from that observed in IPNV-free fish and in IPNV carriers. In 2 different experiments significantly more fish died when fish with acute IPN were infected with V salmonicida than when fish were infected with V salmonicida alone. Mortality also started earlier in the double-infected group than in the group challenged with V. salmonicida alone, 3 to 4 and 8 d after V salmonicida infection, respectively. Similar results were observed independent of whether mortalities due to IPN alone were registered in the experiments. When Atlantic salmon with acute IPN were infected with ISAV, significantly fewer fish died than when fish were infected with ISAV alone. The ongoing IPNV infection seemed to provide some protection against development of ISA. PMID:11775792

Johansen, L H; Sommer, A I

2001-11-01

82

A Family Psychosocial Risk Questionnaire for Use in Pediatric Practice.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to develop new methods to better identify psychosocial risk such that children with the greatest risk of poor future outcomes receive more intensive preventive health services. Based on structured literature review and secondary data analysis, a 52-item psychosocial risk questionnaire was administered to 2,083 families of children (<36 months). To quantify the questionnaire's construct validity, developmental concern was assessed with the Ages and Stages Questionnaire version II (ASQ) [n = 1,163]. An iterative model selection process was used to produce the most parsimonious predictive model. Model fit was examined using c-statistics, the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and a heuristic measure of model overfit based on the fitted log-likelihood values and associated number of degrees of freedom. We found 13 items easily obtained from parental report produced a regression model with a c-statistic of 0.70. Using an integer scoring system derived from the regression model, we calculated stratum specific likelihood ratios to revise a given prior probability of ASQ failure. The posterior probability of ASQ failure was 44.9 % for a child in the highest risk group (score >25) on the questionnaire, more than double our observed average failure rate of 19.5 %, while it was less than 7 % for a child with the lowest possible score on the questionnaire. Thirteen parent-reported items can be compiled into a summary psychosocial risk questionnaire that predicts failure on developmental screening among preschool children. With further validation, this questionnaire could conceivably be used by clinicians to tailor pediatric preventive care to children at varying levels of risk. PMID:23238832

Pati, Susmita; Guevara, James; Zhang, Guangxiang; Bhatt, Suraj K; Kavanagh, Jane; Gerdes, Marsha; Localio, Russell; Forrest, Christopher B

2012-12-14

83

Questionnaire Development Resources  

Cancer.gov

Resources made available by DCEG for use in developing study questionnaires. Includes questionnaires reviewed and approved by DCEG’s Technical Evaluation Committee, as well as non-reviewed questionnaire modules to be used as starting points for development.

84

Ethnic discrimination prevalence and associations with health outcomes: data from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of secondary school students in New Zealand  

PubMed Central

Background Reported ethnic discrimination is higher among indigenous and minority adult populations. There is a paucity of nationally representative prevalence studies of ethnic discrimination among adolescents. Experiencing ethnic discrimination has been associated with a range of adverse health outcomes. NZ has a diverse ethnic population. There are health inequalities among young people from M?ori and Pacific ethnic groups. Methods 9107 randomly selected secondary school students participated in a nationally representative cross-sectional health and wellbeing survey conducted in 2007. The prevalence of ethnic discrimination by health professionals, by police, and ethnicity-related bullying were analysed. Logistic regression was used to examine the associations between ethnic discrimination and six health/wellbeing outcomes: self-rated health status, depressive symptoms in the last 12 months, cigarette smoking, binge alcohol use, feeling safe in ones neighbourhood, and self-rated school achievement. Results There were significant ethnic differences in the prevalences of ethnic discrimination. Students who experienced ethnic discrimination were less likely to report excellent/very good/good self-rated general health (OR 0.51; 95% CI 0.39, 0.65), feel safe in their neighbourhood (OR 0.48; 95% CI 0.40, 0.58), and more likely to report an episode of binge drinking in the previous 4 weeks (OR 1.77; 95% CI 1.45, 2.17). For all these outcomes the odds ratios for the group who were 'unsure' if they had experienced ethnic discrimination were similar to those of the 'yes' group. Ethnicity stratified associations between ethnic discrimination and the depression, cigarette smoking, and self-rated school achievement are reported. Within each ethnic group participants reporting ethnic discrimination were more likely to have adverse outcomes for these three variables. For all three outcomes the direction and size of the association between experience of ethnic discrimination and the outcome were similar across all ethnic groups. Conclusions Ethnic discrimination is more commonly reported by Indigenous and minority group students. Both experiencing and being 'unsure' about experiencing ethnic discrimination are associated with a range of adverse health/wellbeing outcomes. Our findings highlight the progress yet to be made to ensure that rights to be free from ethnic discrimination are met for young people living in New Zealand.

2012-01-01

85

The Survey Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internet-based surveys are still relatively new, and researchers are just beginning to articulate best practices for questionnaire design. Online questionnaire design has generally been guided by the principles applying to other self-administered instruments, such as paper-based questionnaires. Web-based questionnaires, however, have the…

Ritter, Lois A. Ed.; Sue, Valerie M., Ed.

2007-01-01

86

Impact of the Project P.A.T.H.S. in the Junior Secondary School Years: Objective Outcome Evaluation Based on Eight Waves of Longitudinal Data  

PubMed Central

To assess the effectiveness of the Tier 1 Program of the Project P.A.T.H.S., a randomized group trial with eight waves of data collected was carried out. At the fifth year of data collection, 19 experimental schools (n = 2, 662 students) and 24 control schools (n = 3, 272 students) participated in the study. Analyses based on individual growth curve modeling showed that participants in the experimental schools displayed better positive youth development than did participants in the control schools in terms of different indicators derived from the Chinese Positive Youth Development Scale, including moral competence and behavioral competence and cognitive behavioral competencies. Significant results were also found when examining the trajectories of psychological development among control and experimental participants who perceived the program to be beneficial. Findings based on longitudinal objective outcome evaluation strongly suggest that the Project P.A.T.H.S. is effective in promoting positive development in Hong Kong secondary school students.

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Ma, Cecilia M. S.

2012-01-01

87

The evaluation of secondary school students' knowledge about risk factors of cardiovascular disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge of teen-agers about risk factors of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and the establishment of the field in his problem, which needs attention in realization of education programs addressed to secondary school students. This paper presents outcomes of questionnaire study concerning knowledge of the factors promoting cardiovas- cular diseases occurrence, which took

Szpak A

2005-01-01

88

Limb constriction secondary to pseudoamniotic band syndrome after selective fetoscopic laser surgery: report of a case with a favorable outcome.  

PubMed

Pseudoamniotic band syndrome (PABS) is an iatrogenic complication that causes entanglement of fetal parts in a constrictive sheet of detached or ruptured amniotic membrane after an invasive procedure, namely amniocentesis, amnioreduction or septostomy in twins. The incidence and risk factors for PABS after fetoscopy-guided laser have not been documented [Winer et al.: Am J Obstet Gynecol 2008;198:393.e1-393.e5]. We report a case of monochorionic biamniotic twin pregnancy submitted to selective fetoscopic laser photocoagulation for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome at 16 weeks of gestation. The procedure was complicated by the death of one of the fetuses at 24 weeks of gestation. Moreover, the surviving twin was diagnosed postnatally with pseudoamniotic band syndrome, presenting with affected limbs. The newborn was submitted to surgical correction of these lesions with a successful outcome and was discharged on day 15. PMID:22441504

Rodrigues, Andreia; Araújo, Cláudia; Carvalho, Rui; Melo, Maria Antonieta; Pinto, Luísa; da Graça, Luís Mendes

2012-03-21

89

Short-term outcome and attainment of secondary prevention goals in patients with acute coronary syndrome-Results from the countrywide TARGET study.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) continue to pose a significant medical and socioeconomic burden worldwide. Optimal management strategy aims to improve short and long-term outcome. The present study aims to assess short-term outcome of real-world ACS patients and evaluate the achievement rate of secondary prevention goals. METHODS: The TARGET study is an observational study enrolling 418 consecutive ACS patients from 17 centers countrywide (78.0% males, 63.9±12.9years). After the in-hospital phase, patients were followed for 6months. In total, 366 patients were included in the prospective phase of the study. At the end of the follow-up, mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), prescription pattern of cardiovascular medications, lipid levels, adherence rate to treatment and behavioral recommendations were measured. RESULTS: The overall mortality was 4.8% and the rate of MACE was 17.5%. At 6months, a significantly lower proportion of patients received antiplatelet agents and statins as compared to hospital discharge. At the end of the follow-up, 87.7% of patients remained on statin treatment, yet only 18.2% of patients had LDL cholesterol levels less than 70mg/dL. The adherence pattern to lifestyle and dietary recommendations remained low (66.2% quit smoking, 55.8% and 81.3% followed physical activity and dietary recommendations respectively). CONCLUSION: Despite the low rate of mortality and MACE occurrence rate in this countrywide observational study, the attainment rate of secondary prevention goals is relatively poor. Improvement interventions focusing in these gaps of optimal care provision are expected to have a favorable impact on the prognosis of real world ACS patients. PMID:23186596

Andrikopoulos, G; Tzeis, S; Nikas, N; Richter, D; Pipilis, A; Gotsis, A; Tsaknakis, T; Kartalis, A; Kitsiou, A; Toli, K; Mantas, I; Olympios, C; Pras, A; Lampropoulos, S; Oikonomou, K; Pappas, C; Kranidis, A; Anastasiou-Nana, M; Triposkiadis, F; Goudevenos, I; Theodorakis, G; Vardas, P

2012-11-24

90

Psychometric analysis of measuring functional outcomes in tibial plateau fractures using the Short Form 36 (SF-36), Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) and the Western Ontario McMaster Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) questionnaires.  

PubMed

Patients participating in a modern prospective orthopaedic trauma database may be asked to complete many functional outcome measures, adding to the burden of study participation. This prospective study assessed the utility and responsiveness of the generic Short Form 36 (SF-36) and the disease specific Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) and the Western Ontario McMaster Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) questionnaires in 55 patients treated operatively for tibial plateau fractures with the goal of determining if there was clear benefit of using multiple measures in a lower extremity peri-articular fracture population. There was very good correlation between all three scores at 6 and 12 months, indicating they are measuring similar factors. Responsiveness was assessed using the standard response mean (SRM), proportion of patients attaining the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) between 6 and 12 months, and floor and ceiling effects. The SRM for the SF-36 was statistically higher than the SRM for the SMFA or the WOMAC. Significantly more patients were found to have a MCID between 6 and 12 months post-surgery based on the SF-36 than the other two functional scores. There was no floor effect found on any of the 3 functional scores evaluated; however, a significant ceiling effect was noted with the WOMAC but not with the SF-36 or the SMFA. These results, along with the usefulness of the SF-36 for comparing disease burden across populations, favour the SF-36 as the instrument of choice in assessing functional outcome in patients with tibial plateau fractures. PMID:23246562

Dattani, R; Slobogean, G P; O'Brien, P J; Broekhuyse, H M; Blachut, P A; Guy, P; Lefaivre, K A

2012-12-14

91

Surgical outcome of esophageal tuberculosis secondary to mediastinal lymphadenitis in adults: experience from single center in China  

PubMed Central

Objective Esophageal tuberculosis (ET) is a rare disorder often easily misdiagnosed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical features and to highlight the surgical role in treatment and complication management for undiagnosed ET. Methods Between June 2006 and June 2011, six esophageal tuberculosis cases were retrospectively reviewed for their clinical presentations, radiological findings, endoscopic views, surgical treatment and outcome. Results The prevalent rate of ET was 0.30%. All patients, aged from 28 to 71 years, presented with dysphagia in six, weight loss in four, and each of retrosternal pain, epigastric pain, fever with cough in one. The duration ranged from two weeks to two months. Involvement of esophagus observed at middle segment in five patients, and at lower segment in one. Endoscopy demonstrated diverticulum with polyps in one patient, ulcer formation in one, and extraneous compression with intact mucosa in four. Five patients underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and one was performed thoracotomy perforation repair for esophagopleural fistula. Diagnoses of all cases were confirmed by histopathological examination and acid-fast bacilli culture. Drug sensitivity test revealed multidrugs resistant mycobacterium tuberculous in one case. All patients discharged and recovered by antituberculous treatment with follow-up time ranged from 12 to 45 months. Conclusions ET should be considered as a causative factor for dysphagia. Surgery should be applied in undiagnosed ET. VATS is useful in improving rate of confirmative diagnosis, and relieving symptom of dysphagia. Thoracotomy repair is reserved for complications of ET.

Ni, Buqing; Lu, Xiaohu; Gong, Qixing; Zhang, Wei; Li, Xiao; Xu, Hai

2013-01-01

92

Intimate partner violence outcomes in women with PTSD and substance use: a secondary analysis of NIDA Clinical Trials Network "Women and Trauma" Multi-site Study.  

PubMed

Studies have shown strong associations between intimate partner violence (IPV) and both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD). Despite these linkages, research on the dual diagnosis of PTSD-SUD and its relationship to IPV is in an early stage, and little is known about how PTSD-SUD treatment might influence IPV outcomes. The current study is a secondary analysis of a larger NIDA Clinical Trials Network study exploring the effectiveness of two behavioral interventions for women with comorbid PTSD-SUD. Participants (n=288) were randomly assigned to Seeking Safety (SS), a cognitive-behavioral treatment that focuses on trauma and substance abuse symptoms, or to Women's Health Education, a psychoeducational group. Logistic regressions were used to examine how treatment condition, identified risk factors and their interactions were related to IPV. Results showed that participants who were abstinent at baseline were significantly less likely to experience IPV over the 12-month follow-up period, whereas participants living with someone with an alcohol problem were significantly more likely to experience IPV over follow-up. Findings also showed that at a trend level participants with recent interpersonal trauma at baseline and higher total of lifetime trauma exposures were more likely to report IPV during follow-up. Although there was no main effect for treatment condition, a significant interaction between treatment condition and baseline abstinence was found. Participants who were abstinent at baseline and in the SS condition were significantly less likely to report IPV over follow-up. These findings indicate that an integrated treatment for PTSD and SUD was associated with significantly better IPV outcomes for a subset of individuals. The possibility that women with PTSD-SUD may differentially benefit from SS has important clinical implications. Further research examining the intersection of PTSD, SUD and IPV, and the impact of treatment on a range of outcomes is needed. PMID:23584194

Cohen, Lisa R; Field, Craig; Campbell, Aimee N C; Hien, Denise A

2013-03-21

93

Emergency ABO-incompatible liver transplant secondary to fulminant hepatic failure: outcome, role of TPE and review of the literature.  

PubMed

The increasing demand for solid organ transplants has brought to light the need to utilize organs in critical situations despite ABO-incompatibility. However, these transplantations are complicated by pre-existing ABO antibodies which may be potentially dangerous and makes the transplantation prone to failure due to rejection with resulting necrosis or intrahepatic biliary complications. We report the clinical outcome of an emergency ABO-incompatible liver transplant (due to fulminant hepatic failure with sudden and rapidly deteriorating mental status) using a modified therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) protocol. The recipient was O-positive with an initial anti-B titer of 64 and the cadaveric organ was from a B-positive donor. The patient underwent initial TPE during the peri-operative period, followed by a series of postoperative daily TPE, and later a third series of TPE for presumptive antibody-mediated rejection. The latter two were performed in conjunction with the use of IVIg and rituximab. The recipient's anti-B titer was reduced and maintained at 8 or less 8 months post-op. However, an elevation of transaminases 3 months post-transplant triggered a biopsy which was consistent with cellular rejection and with weak C4d positive staining suggestive of antibody mediated rejection. Additional plasma exchange procedures were performed. The patient improved rapidly after modification of her immunosuppression regimen and treatment with plasma exchange. This case illustrates that prompt and aggressive plasma exchange, in conjunction with immunosuppression, is a viable approach to prevent and treat antibody mediated transplant rejection in emergency ABO-incompatible liver transplant. PMID:22833397

Maitta, Robert W; Choate, Jacquelyn; Emre, Sukru H; Luczycki, Stephen M; Wu, Yanyun

2012-07-26

94

Construction of Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a pamphlet instructing the construction of questionnaires, as the use of questionnaires in business, industry, government, and education has increased steadily in recent years. They are used in many different areas of government operation, includi...

P. A. Duckworth

1973-01-01

95

Patient expectations of benefit from common interventions for low back pain and effects on outcome: secondary analysis of a clinical trial of manual therapy interventions  

PubMed Central

Objectives The purpose of this secondary analysis was 1) to examine patient expectations related to a variety of common interventions for low back pain (LBP) and 2) to determine the influence that specific expectations about spinal manipulation might have had on self-report of disability. Methods We collected patients' expectations about the benefit of specific interventions for low back pain. We also collected patients' general expectations about treatment and tested the relationships among the expectation of benefit from an intervention, receiving that intervention and disability-related outcomes. Results Patients expected exercise and manual therapy interventions to provide more benefit than surgery and medication. There was a statistical association between expecting relief from thrust techniques and receiving thrust techniques, related to meeting the general expectation for treatment (chi-square: 15.5, P ?=? 0.008). This was not the case for patients who expected relief from thrust techniques but did not receive it (chi-square: 6.9, P ?=?0.4). Logistic regression modeling was used to predict change in disability at treatment visit 5. When controlling for whether the general expectations for treatment were met, intervention assignment and the interaction between intervention assignment and expectations regarding thrust techniques, the parsimonious model only included intervention as the significant contributor to the model (P < 0.001). The adjusted odds ratio of success comparing thrust techniques to non-thrust in this study was 41.2 (11.0, 201.7). Discussion The findings of this secondary analysis indicate that patients seeking intervention for LBP expect active interventions and manual therapy to significantly help improve their pain more than interventions like traction, rest, surgery, or medication. Additionally, in patients who meet the clinical prediction rule for good prognosis when managed with thrust techniques, treating with thrust techniques is more important than matching treatment to patient expectation.

Bishop, Mark D; Bialosky, Joel E; Cleland, Josh A

2011-01-01

96

Relationships between the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ) and the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outcome expectancies of 250 respondents were examined using the Food Expectancy Questionnaire (FEQ), comparing expectancies about four different foods: fruit, vegetables, chocolate and sweets and plain biscuits. These expectancies were related to diet as assessed by a Food Frequency Questionnaire. As with alcohol expectancies [Jones, B. T., Corbin, W. & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and

Marie Reid; Jane Bunting; Richard Hammersley

2005-01-01

97

Impact of nutrition support on treatment outcome in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell cancer treated with definitive radiotherapy: A secondary analysis of RTOG trial 90-03  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The aim was to evaluate the relation- ship between nutrition support (NS) on host toxicity and cancer outcome in patients with locally advanced head and neck squa- mous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) undergoing definitive radiother- apy (XRT). Methods. We performed a secondary analysis of Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 90-03, a prospective random- ized trial evaluating four definitive XRT fractionation

Rachel Rabinovitch; Barbara Grant; Brian A. Berkey; David Raben; Kie Kian Ang; Karen K. Fu; Jay S. Cooper

2006-01-01

98

Brief Report: Accuracy of a 16-Item Questionnaire Based on the HEADSS Approach (QBH-16) in the Screening of Mental Disorders in Adolescents with Behavioral Problems in Secondary Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Compare a questionnaire based on the HEADSS approach (QBH-16) and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) in the screening of mental disorder in adolescents with behavioral problems. Methods: Adolescents from both genders 12-17 years-old presenting behavioral problems without a previous diagnosis of mental disorder were referred from…

Hagel, Lilian Day; Mainieri, Alberto Scolfano; Zeni, Cristian Patrick; Wagner, Mario Bernardes

2009-01-01

99

Fear of Spiders Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ), an 18-item self-report questionnaire assessing spider phobia, was developed in an attempt to complement the information provided by the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). Data obtained from 338 undergraduates revealed that the FSQ was able to discriminate phobics from nonphobics, and indicated decrements in phobic responding from pretest to posttest following cognitive therapy. Test-retest data,

Jeff Szymanski; William O'Donohue

1995-01-01

100

Questionnaire for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 116-item parent questionnaire is designed for parents of elementary school children. It is intended to be used with the child's mother, or the person acting as the child's mother. The questionnaire consists of a section devoted to demographic variables and scales measuring 14 parent variables: (1) parent's achievement aspirations for the…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN. Educational Research Center.

101

Improving Food Frequency Questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to improve data quality and ease of administration of standard self-administered food frequency questionnaires, various alternative approaches were tried for inquiring about frequency of consumption, portion size, seasonal intake, and food preparation. Evaluation consisted of a cognitive interviewing method in which respondents verbalize their thought process while completing several variations of a questionnaire. Interviewers observed and asked

AMY F SUBAR; FRANCES E THOMPSON; ALBERT F SMITH; JARED B JOBE; REGINA G ZIEGLER; NANCY POTISCHMAN; ARTHUR SCHATZKIN; ANNE HARTMAN; CHRISTINE SWANSON; LAURA KRUSE; RICHARD B HAYES; DENISE RIEDEL LEWIS; LINDA C HARLAN

1995-01-01

102

Benchmarking: the five year outcome of rheumatoid arthritis assessed using a pain score, the Health Assessment Questionnaire, and the Short Form36 (SF36) in a community and a clinic based sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDTreatment, and therefore outcome, of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) will improve in the next few years. However, improvement in outcome can only be judged against the probability of certain outcomes with current conventional treatment.AIMTo document the five year outcome of RA in the late 1990s.SETTINGNorfolk Arthritis Register (NOAR).DESIGNLongitudinal observational cohort study.METHODS318 patients with recent onset inflammatory polyarthritis recruited by NOAR in

N J Wiles; D G I Scott; E M Barrett; P Merry; E Arie; K Gaffney; A J Silman; D P M Symmons

2001-01-01

103

Parental authority questionnaire.  

PubMed

A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of measuring Baumrind's (1971) permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parental authority prototypes. It consists of 30 items per parent and yields permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative scores for both the mother and the father; each of these scores is derived from the phenomenological appraisals of the parents' authority by their son or daughter. The results of several studies have supported the Parental Authority Questionnaire as a psychometrically sound and valid measure of Baumrind's parental authority prototypes, and they have suggested that this questionnaire has considerable potential as a valuable tool in the investigation of correlates of parental permissiveness, authoritarianism, and authoritativeness. PMID:16370893

Buri, J R

1991-08-01

104

Phraselator Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire designed to elicit Soldier judgments of, and comments about, the upgraded Phraselator speech translation device was completed by seven personnel serving in Iraq. Aggregate responses to yes or no questions are provided, as are the frequency...

J. D. Walrath

2009-01-01

105

Designing Establishment Survey Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, we demonstrate how establishment survey questionnaire design can be improved by utilizing different research methods such as focus groups, document design analyses, pretests, and response analysis surveys. We discuss the lack of research on...

K. L. Goldenberg P. A. Phipps S. Butani

2008-01-01

106

The functional status questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive functional assessment requires thorough and careful inquiry, which is difficult to accomplish in most busy\\u000a clinical practices. This paper examines the reliability and validity of the Functional Status Questionnaire (FSQ), a brief,\\u000a standardized, self-administered questionnaire designed to provide a comprehensive and feasible assessment of physical, psychological,\\u000a social and role function in ambulatory patients. The FSQ can be completed

Alan M. Jette; Allyson R. Davies; Paul D. Cleary; David R. Calkins; Lisa V. Rubenstein; Arlene Fink; Jacqueline Kosecoff; Roy T. Young; Robert H. Brook; Thomas L. Delbanco

1986-01-01

107

The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is both a theoretical and clinical need to develop a questionnaire that assesses a range of addictive behaviours. The Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire (SPQ) is a 16-scale self-report instrument assessing the use of nicotine, recreational drugs, prescription drugs, gambling, sex, caffeine, food bingeing, food starving, exercise, shopping, work, relationships dominant and submissive, and compulsive helping dominant and submissive. Clinical cut-off

George Christo; Susan L Jones; Samantha Haylett; Geoffrey M Stephenson; Robert M. H Lefever; Robin Lefever

2003-01-01

108

Basics of Developing Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether developing questions for questionnaires or interviews or focus groups, there are certain guidelines that help to ensure that respondents provide information that is useful and can later be analyzed. This resource offers advice on developing questions for interviews or focus groups. It contains basics conducting the interviews, providing directions to respondents as well as guidelines for composing the content and wording of the questionnaire. This resource is aimed for use in workshops/conferences and is intended for novice evaluators.

Mcnamara, Carter

109

Predictors of outcome after 6 and 12 months following anthroposophic therapy for adult outpatients with chronic disease: a secondary analysis from a prospective observational study  

PubMed Central

Background Anthroposophic medicine is a physician-provided complementary therapy system involving counselling, artistic and physical therapies, and special medications. The purpose of this analysis was to identify predictors of symptom improvement in patients receiving anthroposophic treatment for chronic diseases. Methods 913 adult outpatients from Germany participated in a prospective cohort study. Patients were starting anthroposophic treatment for mental (30.4% of patients, n = 278/913), musculoskeletal (20.2%), neurological (7.6%), genitourinary (7.4%) or respiratory disorders (7.2%) or other chronic indications. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis was performed with the improvement of Symptom Score (patients' assessment, 0: not present, 10: worst possible) after 6 and 12 months as dependent variables. 61 independent variables pertaining to socio-demographics, life style, disease status, co-morbidity, health status (SF-36), depression, and therapy factors were analysed. Results Compared to baseline, Symptom Score improved by average 2.53 points (95% confidence interval 2.39-2.68, p < 0.001) after six months and by 2.49 points (2.32-2.65, p < 0.001) after 12 months. The strongest predictor for improvement after six months was baseline Symptom Score, which alone accounted for 25% of the variance (total model 32%). Improvement after six months was also positively predicted by better physical function, better general health, shorter disease duration, higher education level, a diagnosis of respiratory disorders, and by a higher therapy goal documented by the physician at baseline; and negatively predicted by the number of physiotherapy sessions in the pre-study year and by a diagnosis of genitourinary disorders. Seven of these nine variables (not the two diagnoses) also predicted improvement after 12 months. When repeating the 0-6 month analysis on two random subsamples of the original sample, three variables (baseline Symptom Score, physical function, general health) remained significant predictors in both analyses, and three further variables (education level, respiratory disorders, therapy goal) were significant in one analysis. Conclusion In adult outpatients receiving anthroposophic treatment for chronic diseases, symptom improvement after 6 and 12 months was predicted by baseline symptoms, health status, disease duration, education, and therapy goal. Other variables were not associated with the outcome. This secondary predictor analysis of data from a pre-post study does not allow for causal conclusions; the results are hypothesis generating and need verification in subsequent studies.

2010-01-01

110

Leadership Talent Identification and Development: Perceptions of Heads, Middle Leaders and Classroom Teachers in 70 Contextually Different Primary and Secondary Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on outcomes from a study funded by the National College for School Leadership (NCSL) designed to explore leadership talent identification, development, succession and retention in contextually different primary and secondary schools in England. Focus groups and a questionnaire were used to secure perceptions of heads, middle…

Rhodes, Christopher; Brundrett, Mark; Nevill, Alan

2008-01-01

111

Leadership Talent Identification and DevelopmentPerceptions of Heads, Middle Leaders and Classroom Teachers in 70 Contextually Different Primary and Secondary Schools in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on outcomes from a study funded by the National College for School Leadership (NCSL) designed to explore leadership talent identification, development, succession and retention in contextually different primary and secondary schools in England. Focus groups and a questionnaire were used to secure perceptions of heads, middle leaders and classroom teachers about leadership talent identification and development. Twenty

Christopher Rhodes; Mark Brundrett; Alan Nevill

2008-01-01

112

Secondary School Advisors as Mentors and Secondary Attachment Figures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher-student relationship is vital to student outcomes in secondary school. Unfortunately, the transition from elementary to secondary school is associated with a decrease in the quality or supportiveness of this relationship. In response, some secondary schools implement advisory programs, in which a teacher/advisor meets periodically with…

Van Ryzin, Mark

2010-01-01

113

De Ene School is De Andere Niet: Allochtone Meisjes in het Voortgezet Onderwijs (Different Schools, Different Outcomes: Ethnic Girls in Secondary Education).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the study the two following questions have been investigated: Is it possible to make a distinction between secondary schools concerning the school careers of ethnic girls, their attendance and their feelings about school. Can this distinction between s...

A. D. Huepscher-Post

1990-01-01

114

Questionnaire typography and production.  

PubMed

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

115

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

116

Narcotics Center Questionnaire, 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This questionnaire assesses drug knowledge, drug use practices, and attitudes toward drugs in junior high school, senior high school, and college students. The 105 items (multiple choice, yes/no, or completion) are concerned with personal and demographic data, "book" knowledge of drugs, "street" knowledge of drugs (drug argot and the like),…

Marks, John B.; And Others

117

Satisfaction With Teaching Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the instrumentation to assess the effectiveness of the Schools Without Failure (SEF) program in 10 elementary schools in the New Castle, Pa. School District, the Satisfaction with Teaching Questionnaire was used. In a study by its developers this scale discriminated between students choosing to be teachers and those choosing other…

Merwin, J. C.; DiVesta , F. J.

118

The Depression Coping Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|College students (N=396), chronic pain patients (N=319), and schizophrenic veterans (N=43) completed the Depression Coping Questionnaire (DCQ) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Factor analysis of the DCQ identified eleven coping responses: social support, problem solving, self-blame/escape, aggression, indulgence, activities, medication,…

Kleinke, Chris L.

119

Effects of zoledronic acid versus clodronic acid on skeletal morbidity in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MRC Myeloma IX): secondary outcomes from a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Bisphosphonates are the standard of care for reducing the risk of skeletal-related events in patients with bone lesions from multiple myeloma. The MRC Myeloma IX study was designed to compare the effects of zoledronic acid versus clodronic acid in newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma. Here, we report the secondary outcomes relating to skeletal events. Methods Patients (?18 years) with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma were enrolled from 120 centres in the UK and received intensive or non-intensive antimyeloma treatment. A computer-generated randomisation sequence was used to allocate patients in a 1:1 ratio, through an automated telephone service to intravenous zoledronic acid (4 mg every 21–28 days) or oral clodronic acid (1600 mg/day), and the drugs were continued at least until disease progression. No investigators, staff, or patients were masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoints—overall survival, progression-free survival, and overall response rate—and adverse events have been reported previously. We assessed between-group differences with Cox proportional hazards models for time to first skeletal-related event and incidence of skeletal-related events. These were defined as fractures, spinal cord compression, radiation or surgery to bone, and new osteolytic lesions. Data were analysed until disease progression. Analyses were by intention to treat. This trial is registered, number ISRCTN68454111. Findings 1960 patients were randomly assigned and analysed—981 in the zoledronic acid group and 979 in the clodronic acid group. This trial is fully enrolled, and follow-up continues. At a median follow-up of 3·7 years (IQR 2·9–4·7), patients in the zoledronic acid group had a lower incidence of skeletal-related events than did those in the clodronic acid group (265 [27%] vs 346 [35%], respectively; hazard ratio 0·74, 95% CI 0·62–0·87; p=0·0004). Zoledronic acid was also associated with a lower risk of any skeletal-related event in the subsets of patients with (233 [35%] of 668 vs 292 [43%] of 682 with clodronic acid; 0·77, 0·65–0·92; p=0·0038) and without bone lesions at baseline (29 [10%] of 302 vs 48 [17%] of 276 with clodronic acid; 0·53, 0·33–0·84; p=0·0068). Fewer patients in the zoledronic acid group had vertebral fractures than did those in the clodronic acid group (50 [5%] in the zoledronic acid group vs 88 [9%] in the clodronic acid group; p=0·0008), other fractures (45 [5%] vs 66 [7%]; p=0·04), and new osteolytic lesions (46 [5%] vs 95 [10%]; p<0·0001). Interpretation The results of this study support the early use of zoledronic acid rather than clodronic acid in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma for the prevention of skeletal-related events, irrespective of bone disease status at baseline. Funding Medical Research Council (London, UK), Novartis, Schering Health Care, Chugai, Pharmion, Celgene, and Ortho Biotech.

Morgan, Gareth J; Child, J Anthony; Gregory, Walter M; Szubert, Alex J; Cocks, Kim; Bell, Sue E; Navarro-Coy, Nuria; Drayson, Mark T; Owen, Roger G; Feyler, Sylvia; Ashcroft, A John; Ross, Fiona M; Byrne, Jennifer; Roddie, Huw; Rudin, Claudius; Cook, Gordon; Jackson, Graham H; Wu, Ping; Davies, Faith E

2011-01-01

120

Self-Rated Competences Questionnaires from a Design Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a theoretical review of self-rated competences questionnaires. This topic is influenced by the ongoing world-wide reform of higher education, which has led to a focus on the learner outcomes of higher education. Consequently, questionnaires on self-rated competences have increasingly been employed. However, self-ratings are…

Braun, Edith; Woodley, Alan; Richardson, John T. E.; Leidner, Bernhard

2012-01-01

121

Tinnitus Stages of Change Questionnaire: Psychometric development and validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the development of the Tinnitus Stages of Change Questionnaire (TSOCQ), which aims to assess the readiness of tinnitus patients to change their behaviors and attitudes in relation to tinnitus. Its ability to predict treatment outcome was also investigated. One hundred and fifty-one patients with tinnitus completed the questionnaire. Through repeated principal component analyses, together with judgments of

Viktor Kaldo; Jeff Richards; Gerhard Andersson

2006-01-01

122

Effects of Two Modes of Student Teams-Achievement Division Strategies on Senior Secondary School Students' Learning Outcomes in Chemical Kinetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research results have shown that cooperative learning methods enhanced understanding of many difficult concepts. Different kinds of cooperative methods and their efficacy have been researched into but the results of such studies have been inconclusive. Chief examiners reports of external chemistry examinations in Nigeria secondary Schools had…

Ibraheem, T. L.

2011-01-01

123

Alcoholism screening questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the validity of the CAGE (cut down, annoyed, guilty feelings, eye-opener) questionnaire and the Michigan Alcoholism\\u000a Screening Test (MAST) in distinguishing between elderly patients with and without alcohol abuse or dependence disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design: A cross-sectional study, in which patients were interviewed with a “gold standard,” the alcohol module of the Revised Diagnostic\\u000a Interview Schedule (DIS-III-R), and two

Thomas V. Jones; Byron A. Lindsey; Pamela Yount; Rebecca Soltys; Bahar Farani-Enayat

1993-01-01

124

The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a measure of Autism symptomatology. Moreover, it exhibited good internal consistency and high test-retest reliability. The TEQ is a brief, reliable, and valid instrument for the assessment of empathy.

Spreng, R. Nathan; McKinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

2008-01-01

125

Using Postschool Outcome Data To Improve Practices and Policies in Restructured Inclusive High Schools. Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on an ongoing 5-year study on practices and policies that improve postschool outcomes for students with disabilities in significantly restructured high schools. Four high schools with strong internal accountability measures are subjects of an intensive longitudinal study. The schools are in both urban and smaller communities in…

Mooney, Marianne; Phelps, L. Allen; Anctil, Tina M.

126

Developing Written Questionnaires: Determining if Questionnaires Should be Used  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides a strategy for determining whether a written questionnaire is an appropriate means of gathering data to meet the goals of an evaluation. The authors define which conditions are suitable for using questionnaires.

Zalles, Daniel R.; Library, Online E.

127

Full Length Donor History Questionnaire  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. This document is one component of the donor history questionnaire documents (Version No. ... Full-Length Donor History Questionnaire ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts

128

Guides & Reports for Questionnaire Design  

Cancer.gov

Applied Research Program (ARP) staff use a variety of methods to develop and test questionnaires, including established Questionnaire Design Principles, empirical methods such as Cognitive Testing and psychometric methods such as Item Response Theory Modeling.

129

Questionnaire Design Principles - Applied Research  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Questionnaire Design & Testing: Questionnaire Design Principles Cognitive Testing Item Response Theory Modeling Guides & Reports International Collaboration Areas of Research Tools Surveys

130

Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

Frary, Robert

131

Survey and Questionnaire Tutorial  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the important factors to consider when designing a survey? Would it be best conducted via telephone? Or would it be better to have a face-to-face meeting? These are but a few of the topics covered on this site created as a public service by the StatPac group. Visitors can elect to download the entire report on survey design here, or they can just click through the topics that interest them. Each topic includes a brief discussion of its relative importance, and the areas covered include questionnaire length, time considerations, question wording, and sampling methods. It's a thoughtful and helpful resource overall, and it's one that might be put to good use in an introductory statistics course in college.

132

Health-related quality of life after catheter-directed thrombolysis for deep vein thrombosis: secondary outcomes of the randomised, non-blinded, parallel-group CaVenT study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate whether additional catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) improves long-term quality of life (QOL) compared with standard treatment with anticoagulation and compression stockings alone in patients with proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Design Open-label randomised controlled trial. Setting 19 Hospitals in the Norwegian southeastern health region. Participants Patients (18–75?years) with a high proximal DVT, symptoms <21?days and no increased risk of bleeding were eligible. 189 of 209 recruited patients completed 24?months of follow-up. Interventions Participants were randomised to additional CDT with alteplase for 1–4?days or to standard treatment only with 6?months of anticoagulation and 24?months of compression stockings. Primary and secondary outcome measures Planned secondary outcome measures included QOL as assessed with the generic instrument EQ-5D and the disease-specific instrument VEINES-QOL/Sym. Primary outcome measure was post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) after 24?months. Results After 24?months there were no differences in QOL between the additional CDT and standard treatment arms; mean difference for the EQ-5D index was 0.04 (95% CI ?0.10 to 0.17), for the VEINES-QOL score 0.2 (95% CI ?2.8 to 3.0) and for the VEINES-Sym score 0.5 (95% CI ?2.4 to 3.4; p values>0.37). Independent of treatment arms, patients with PTS had poorer outcomes than patient without PTS; mean difference for EQ-5D was 0.09 (95% CI 0.03 to 0.15), for VEINES-QOL score 8.6 (95% CI 5.9 to 11.2) and for VEINES-Sym score 9.8 (95% CI 7.3 to 12.3; p values<0.001). Conclusions QOL did not differ between patients treated with additional CDT compared with standard treatment alone. Patients who developed PTS reported poorer QOL and more symptoms than patients without PTS. QOL should be included as an outcome measure in clinical studies on patients at risk of PTS. Trial registration NCT00251771

Enden, Tone; Wik, Hilde Skuterud; Kvam, Ann Kristin; Haig, Ylva; Kl?w, Nils Einar; Sandset, Per Morten

2013-01-01

133

Synthetic polymers improve vitrification outcomes of macaque ovarian tissue as assessed by histological integrity and the in vitro development of secondary follicles?  

PubMed Central

Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is the only proven option for fertility preservation in female cancer patients who are prepubertal or require immediate treatment. However it remains unclear which cryopreservation protocol is best in cases where the tissue may contain cancerous cells, as these should be matured in vitro rather than autografted. This study evaluated different cryoprotectant exposure times and whether the addition of synthetic polymers (Supercool X-1000, Z-1000 and polyvinylpyrrolidone [PVP K-12]) to the vitrification solution is beneficial to tissue morphology, cellular proliferation and subsequent in vitro function of secondary follicles. Pieces of macaque (n = 4) ovarian cortex were exposed to vitrification solution containing glycerol (25%, v/v) and ethylene glycol (25%, v/v) for 3 or 8 min, without (V3, V8) or with (VP3, VP8) polymers (0.2% [v/v] X-1000, 0.4% Z-1000 and 0.2% PVP). Fresh and vitrified tissues were fixed for histology and phosphohistone H3 (PPH3) analysis, or used for secondary follicle isolation followed by encapsulated 3D culture. Five-week follicle survival and growth, as well as steroid hormones (estradiol [E2], progesterone, androstenedione) were measured weekly. Morphology of the stroma and preantral follicles as well as PPH3 expression, was preserved in all vitrified tissues. Vitrification with polymers and shorter incubation time (VP3) increased in vitro follicle survival and E2 production compared to other vitrified groups. Thus, a short exposure of macaque ovarian tissue to a vitrification solution containing synthetic polymers preserves morphology and improves in vitro function of secondary follicles.

Ting, Alison Y.; Yeoman, Richard R.; Lawson, Maralee S.; Zelinski, Mary B.

2013-01-01

134

Short Delay in Initiation of Radiotherapy May Not Affect Outcome of Patients With Glioblastoma: A Secondary Analysis From the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Database  

PubMed Central

Purpose To analyze the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) database of patients with glioblastoma and appraise whether outcome was influenced by time to initiation of radiation therapy (RT). Patients and Methods From 1974 through 2003, adult patients with histologically confirmed supratentorial glioblastoma were enrolled onto 16 RTOG studies. Of 3,052 enrolled patients, 197 patients (6%) were either initially rendered ineligible or had insufficient chronologic data, leaving a cohort of 2,855 patients for the present analysis. We selected four patient groups based on the interval from surgery to the start of RT: ? 2 weeks, 2 to 3 weeks, 3 to 4 weeks, more than 4 weeks to the protocol eligibility limit of 6 weeks. Survival times were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analysis incorporated variables of time interval, recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class, and treatment regimen. Results No decrement in survival could be identified with increasing time to initiation of RT. Among our four temporal groupings, median survival time was unexpectedly and significantly greater in the group with the longest interval (> 4 weeks) than in those with the shortest delay (? 2 weeks): respectively, 12.5 months versus 9.2 months (P < .0001). On multivariate analysis, with overall survival as the end point, time interval more than 4 weeks and lower RPA class were both significant predictors of improved outcome. Treatment regimen was not a significant factor. Conclusion There is no evident reduction in survival by delaying initiation of RT within the relatively narrow constraint of 6 weeks. An unanticipated yet significantly superior outcome was identified for patients for whom RT was delayed beyond 4 weeks from surgery.

Blumenthal, Deborah T.; Won, Minhee; Mehta, Minesh P.; Curran, Walter J.; Souhami, Luis; Michalski, Jeff M.; Rogers, C. Leland; Corn, Benjamin W.

2009-01-01

135

Risk of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in a Cohort of New Users of Low-Dose ASA for Secondary Prevention of Cardiovascular Outcomes  

PubMed Central

The Health Improvement Network UK primary care database was used to identify a cohort of 38 077 individuals aged 50–84 years with a first prescription of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA; 75–300?mg/day) for secondary prevention of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events during 2000–2007. From this cohort, 169 incident cases of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) were identified. Controls with no UGIB (n?=?2000) were frequency-matched to the cases by age, sex, and follow-up time. A nested case–control analysis was performed to determine risk factors associated with UGIB. The incidence of UGIB was 1.1 per 1000 person-years (95% CI, 1.0–1.3). Low-dose ASA users with a history of peptic ulcer disease had an increased risk of UGIB compared with those without (Relative Risk [RR], 4.59; 95% CI, 2.87–7.33). Concomitant use of ASA and clopidogrel (RR, 1.61; 95% CI, 0.85–3.05) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; RR, 2.92; 95% CI, 1.77–4.82) conferred an increased risk of UGIB compared with ASA monotherapy. Discontinuation of ASA therapy (RR: 0.71, 95% CI, 0.42–1.20) and PPI co-treatment given since the start of ASA therapy (RR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.33–0.96) were associated with a reduced risk of UGIB. In conclusion, in a cohort of individuals receiving low-dose ASA for secondary prevention of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events, patients with a history of peptic ulcer disease, or who were receiving clopidogrel or NSAIDs had an increased risk of UGIB. The prescription of PPI therapy at the initiation of low-dose ASA reduced the risk of UGIB by almost half.

Cea Soriano, Lucia; Rodriguez, Luis A. Garcia

2010-01-01

136

Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR), i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. METHODS: We administered the questionnaire to 440

M Kröz; G Feder; HB von Laue; R Zerm; M Reif; M Girke; H Matthes; C Gutenbrunner; C Heckmann

2008-01-01

137

PPTA Donor History Questionnaire Documents  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA's “Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

138

JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire: initial report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  There is no widely accepted objective evaluation for lumbar spine disorders. New outcome measures should be patient-oriented\\u000a and should measure symptoms and self-reported functional status in multiple dimensions. The aim of this study was to identify\\u000a items to be included in the disease-specific quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for the assessments of patients with lumbar\\u000a spine disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The draft of

Mitsuru Fukui; Kazuhiro Chiba; Mamoru Kawakami; Shinichi Kikuchi; Shinichi Konno; Masabumi Miyamoto; Atsushi Seichi; Tadashi Shimamura; Osamu Shirado; Toshihiko Taguchi; Kazuhisa Takahashi; Katsushi Takeshita; Toshikazu Tani; Yoshiaki Toyama; Eiji Wada; Kazuo Yonenobu; Takashi Tanaka; Yoshio Hirota

2007-01-01

139

Adolescent emotional and behavioural outcomes of nonparental preschool childcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  This study aimed to identify whether nonparental preschool childcare was associated with adolescent mental health outcomes\\u000a as measured by the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  This study was a secondary analysis of data from the Croydon Assessment of Learning Study. From a general population sample\\u000a of 2,726 adolescents tested for cognitive ability, additional data were collected from a stratified sub-sample

Holan Liang; Andrew Pickles; Nicky Wood; Emily Simonoff

140

The Pediatric Stroke Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Objective: We developed the Recurrence and Recovery Questionnaire (RRQ) by converting the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM) to a questionnaire for telephone interview and sought to validate the RRQ in a large cohort. Method: We analyzed parents' RRQ responses and same-day PSOM assessments for 232 children who had arterial ischemic stroke, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, or presumed perinatal ischemic stroke. We assessed the agreement and consistency of the PSOM and RRQ, and we identified conditions that contributed to differences between the 2 measures. We tested selected factors as predictors of differences between the total PSOM and total RRQ (tPSOM and tRRQ) scores. Results: Median PSOM score was 1.5 and median RRQ score was 1.5. There was good agreement between tPSOM and tRRQ, and RRQ was a reliable estimator of PSOM at the total and component level. Preexisting neurologic deficits or chronic illnesses increased the difference between the tPSOM and tRRQ; the chronic illness effect was confirmed with univariate analysis. Conclusions: The RRQ can characterize poststroke function when a child cannot return for examination. While the RRQ is not identical to the PSOM, the 2 measures likely assess closely related aspects of recovery. The RRQ is particularly useful when assessing outcomes of large cohorts, and will be useful in performing long-term follow-up studies of pediatric stroke.

Ichord, Rebecca N.; Dowling, Michael M.; Rafay, Mubeen; Templeton, Jeffrey; Halperin, Aviva; Smith, Sabrina E.; Licht, Daniel J.; Moharir, Mahendranath; Askalan, Rand; deVeber, Gabrielle

2012-01-01

141

78 FR 59046 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form AGENCY...Collection: Federal Labor Standards Questionnaire(s); Complaint Intake Form. OMB...and 4730SP, Federal Labor Standards Questionnaires, will be used by HUD and...

2013-09-25

142

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

143

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Unit of Activity = Times Interval = Year Your search found

144

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

145

Summary of Supplier Questionnaire Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A questionnaire was sent to over two hundred suppliers of EFT (Electronic Funds Transfer) related equipment and services to ask those suppliers to comment on six basic issues of concern to the industry. They are: competition, reliability, security, consum...

1976-01-01

146

A General Questionnaire Analysis Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A general FORTRAN computer program for analyzing categorical or frequency data obtained from questionnaires is described. A variety of descriptive statistics, chi square, Kendall's tau and Cramer's statistic are provided. (Author/JKS)|

Aiken, Lewis R.

1978-01-01

147

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found

148

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = * Used as transport to/from: = School Your search found 1 question

149

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Unit of Activity = Months Interval = Year Your search

150

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work or Work/Home Your

151

Fundamental issues in questionnaire design.  

PubMed

The questionnaire is probably the most common form of data collection tool used in nursing research. There is a misconception that anyone with a clear grasp of English and a modicum of common sense can design an effective questionnaire. Contrary to such common belief, this article will demonstrate that questionnaire design is a complex and time consuming process, but a necessary labour to ensure valid and reliable data is collected. In addition, meticulous construction is more likely to yield data that can be utilized in the pursuit of objective, quantitative and generalizable truths, upon which practice and policy decisions can be formulated. This article examines a myriad of fundamental issues surrounding questionnaire design, which encompass question wording, question order, presentation, administration and data collection, amongst other issues. PMID:10693384

Murray, P

1999-07-01

152

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

153

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

154

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

155

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Duration of Activity = Min. Interval = Day or Weekday

156

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Bike Duration of Activity = Hr. Interval = Day or Weekday or

157

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire a4 If you add together each session of pre-planned physical activity that you engage in during a normal week, how much time would you estimate that you spend in total?

158

The MPC&A Questionnaire  

SciTech Connect

The questionnaire is the instrument used for recording performance data on the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system at a nuclear facility. The performance information provides a basis for evaluating the effectiveness of the MPC&A system. The goal for the questionnaire is to provide an accurate representation of the performance of the MPC&A system as it currently exists in the facility. Performance grades for all basic MPC&A functions should realistically reflect the actual level of performance at the time the survey is conducted. The questionnaire was developed after testing and benchmarking the material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) in the United States. The benchmarking exercise at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) proved extremely valuable for improving the content and quality of the early versions of the questionnaire. Members of the INL benchmark team identified many areas of the questionnaire where questions should be clarified and areas where additional questions should be incorporated. The questionnaire addresses all elements of the MC&A system. Specific parts pertain to the foundation for the facility's overall MPC&A system, and other parts pertain to the specific functions of the operational MPC&A system. The questionnaire includes performance metrics for each of the basic functions or tasks performed in the operational MPC&A system. All of those basic functions or tasks are represented as basic events in the MPC&A fault tree. Performance metrics are to be used during completion of the questionnaire to report what is actually being done in relation to what should be done in the performance of MPC&A functions.

Powell, Danny H [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL

2011-01-01

159

Family History Questionnaires Designed for Clinical Use: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The family medical history is an important risk factor for several common chronic diseases but challenges remain in efficiently identifying individuals at increased risk. Family history questionnaires (FHQs) may have an important role in primary care as a screening tool to support tailored disease prevention. Aims: To systematically review studies reporting on the use and outcomes of FHQs in

G. T. Reid; F. M. Walter; J. M. Brisbane; J. D. Emery

2009-01-01

160

Validation of the Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity, and sensitivity of the Patient-rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) Questionnaire in 78 tennis playing subjects who had chronic, unilateral, MRI-confirmed lateral elbow tendinopathy and who concomitantly participated in an outcome study. The PRTEE results were compared with results of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS); the Disabilities of the Arm,

Joy C. MacDermid; T OVEREND

2007-01-01

161

The Short Form36 Health Survey Questionnaire In Spine Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Short Form-36 (SF-36) health questionnaire has been put forward as a general measure of outcome in health care and has been evaluated in several recent studies in the UK. We report its use in three groups of patients after spinal operations and have compared it with the Oswestry and Low Back Pain disability scales. There was a significant correlation

Michael Grevitt; Rabi Khazim; John Webb; Robert Mulholland; John Shepperd

1997-01-01

162

Outcome Expectancies and Risk-Taking Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

One explanation for risk-taking behavior despite warnings about the dangers is that anticipated positive consequences outweigh possible negative outcomes. In a five-part investigation, a new questionnaire was developed to assess outcome expectancies for the potential consequences of involvement in a variety of risky activities. Conceptual and methodological limitations of previously available questionnaires were addressed and content, construct, and criterion validity

Kim Fromme; Elizabeth C. Katz; Kathy Rivet

1997-01-01

163

Secondary atomization  

Microsoft Academic Search

When a drop is subjected to a surrounding dispersed phase that is moving at an initial relative velocity, aerodynamic forces\\u000a will cause it to deform and fragment. This is referred to as secondary atomization. In this paper, the abundant literature\\u000a on secondary atomization experimental methods, breakup morphology, breakup times, fragment size and velocity distributions,\\u000a and modeling efforts is reviewed and

D. R. Guildenbecher; C. López-Rivera; P. E. Sojka

2009-01-01

164

Antecedents of Influence Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Influence incidents described either by agents or targets were coded for the presence of 9 influence tactics, and the outcome was coded in terms of commitment, compliance, or resistance. Agent power and content factors for an incident were measured with a short questionnaire. This study is the first to show that influence tactics, agent power, and content factors independently affect

Gary Yukl; Helen Kim; Cecilia M. Falbe

1996-01-01

165

Students' Experience of Working with Socioscientific Issues - a Quantitative Study in Secondary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research project aims to investigate how students in lower secondary school experience work with socioscientific issues (SSI). The six socioscientific cases developed and used in this project are relevant according to characteristics of SSI and to the national curriculum. Approximately 1,500 students in Sweden have worked with one SSI case chosen by the teachers. A questionnaire-based instrument was used to measure the affective domain of students' attitudes towards and interest in science before starting to work with the case and a second questionnaire after finishing a case. The second student questionnaire, measured the situational characteristics of the SSI work and perceived cognitive and affective outcomes. According to the students' self-reported experience, all cases were interesting and related to a current issue. Most cases were equally interesting to boys and girls, the only exception was You are what you eat, which girls found more interesting than boys did. Almost all students claim that they learnt new facts, learnt to argue for their standpoint and to search and evaluate information during the work with the cases. The girls' average scores were higher on several aspects of learning outcomes. Furthermore the students, especially the girls, perceived that the outcome of working with SSI had relevance for their future, with some cases more relevant than others. The more interesting the student found the case, the more they claimed they learnt. The students do not, however, claim that they learnt more science than during ordinary lessons.

Ottander, Christina; Ekborg, Margareta

2012-12-01

166

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: transplantation.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire (NQQ) has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, to those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include transplantation issues. These cases, along with single best answer questions, were prepared by Dr. Hricik. After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers were then briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-that of the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22595824

Hricik, Donald E; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-17

167

Excessive Internet Use and Loneliness among Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The association between loneliness and excessive internet use among secondary school students was examined. One hundred and sixty seven secondary school students were administered a questionnaire for some demographic questions and UCLA for determining their loneliness levels. The results showed that the secondary school students who reported…

Deniz, Levent

2010-01-01

168

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2009-04-01

169

19 CFR 357.105 - Questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Questionnaires. 357.105 Section 357.105...SUPPLY PROCEDURES § 357.105 Questionnaires. For reviews conducted under...the Secretary normally will send questionnaires to potential...

2010-04-01

170

The Wisconsin Predicting Patients' Relapse questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Relapse is the most common smoking cessation outcome. Accurate prediction of relapse likelihood could be an important clinical tool used to influence treatment selection or duration. The aim of this research was to develop a brief clinical relapse proneness questionnaire to be used with smokers interested in quitting in a clinical setting where time is at a premium. Methods: Diverse items assessing constructs shown in previous research to be related to relapse risk, such as nicotine dependence and self-efficacy, were evaluated to determine their independent contributions to relapse prediction. In an exploratory dataset, candidate items were assessed among smokers motivated to quit smoking who enrolled in one of three randomized controlled smoking cessation trials. A cross-validation dataset was used to compare the relative predictive power of the new instrument against the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) at 1-week, 8-week, and 6-month postquit assessments. Results: We selected seven items with relatively nonoverlapping content for the Wisconsin Predicting Patient's Relapse (WI-PREPARE) measure, a brief, seven-item questionnaire that taps physical dependence, environmental factors, and individual difference characteristics. Cross-validation analyses suggested that the WI-PREPARE demonstrated a stronger prediction of relapse at 1-week and 8-week postquit assessments than the FTND and comparable prediction to the FTND at a 6-month postquit assessment. Discussion: The WI-PREPARE is easy to score, suggests the nature of a patient's relapse risk, and predicts short- and medium-term relapse better than the FTND.

Bolt, Daniel M.; McCarthy, Danielle E.; Japuntich, Sandra J.; Fiore, Michael C.; Smith, Stevens S.; Baker, Timothy B.

2009-01-01

171

Evaluating a questionnaire to measure improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare  

PubMed Central

Background Quality improvement initiatives have expanded recently within the healthcare sector. Studies have shown that less than 40% of these initiatives are successful, indicating the need for an instrument that can measure the progress and results of quality improvement initiatives and answer questions about how quality initiatives are conducted. The aim of the present study was to develop and test an instrument to measure improvement process and outcome in Swedish healthcare. Methods A questionnaire, founded on the Minnesota Innovation Survey (MIS), was developed in several steps. Items were merged and answer alternatives were revised. Employees participating in a county council improvement program received the web-based questionnaire. Data was analysed by descriptive statistics and correlation analysis. The questionnaire psychometric properties were investigated and an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Results The Swedish Improvement Measurement Questionnaire consists of 27 items. The Improvement Effectiveness Outcome dimension consists of three items and has a Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.67. The Internal Improvement Processes dimension consists of eight sub-dimensions with a total of 24 items. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the complete dimension was 0.72. Three significant item correlations were found. A large involvement in the improvement initiative was shown and the majority of the respondents were satisfied with their work. Conclusions The psychometric property tests suggest initial support for the questionnaire to study and evaluate quality improvement initiatives in Swedish healthcare settings. The overall satisfaction with the quality improvement initiative correlates positively to the awareness of individual responsibilities.

2013-01-01

172

The Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The questionnaire is intended to be used with individuals who are experiencing regional pain problems that are af- fecting their performance at work, taking repeated short spells of sickness absence or are currently off work and have been so for up to 12 weeks. There are 21 scored questions concerning attitudes and beliefs, behaviour in response to pain, affect, perception

Grahame Brown

2008-01-01

173

The Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluated the Hopelessness Depression Symptom Questionnaire (HDSQ; Metalsky & Joiner, 1991). The HDSQ is a 32-item self-report measure of eight symptoms posited by L. Abramson, G. Metalsky, and L. Alloy (1989) to comprise a specific subtype of depression—hopelessness depression. Factor analytic results from 435 subjects suggested that: (a) Each of the eight subscales of the HDSQ reflects a distinct symptom

Gerald I. Metalsky; Thomas E. Joiner

1997-01-01

174

Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Areas of Research Tools Surveys & Studies Research Networks Funding Publications About ARP Physical Activity Questionnaire Search Results Search:? You searched for: Mode = Walk/Bike Used as transport to/from: = Work/Elsewhere or Work/Errands

175

Secondary Products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In spite of their name, "secondary" products are essential for plant survival. They are required for basic cell functions as well as communicating the plant's presence to the surrounding environment and defense against pests as defined in the broad sense (i.e., diseases, nematodes, insects and plan...

176

Cigarette advertising and onset of smoking in children: questionnaire survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjectives: To investigate uptake of smoking in a cohort of 11 to 12 year olds related to awareness of advertised cigarette brands named.Design: Self completed questionnaires administered to whole classes of schoolchildren in June 1993 and June 1994.Setting: Primary, middle, and secondary schools in the north and south of England.Subjects: 1450 pupils aged 11 and 12 years at the time

David While; Sheila Kelly; Wenyong Huang; Anne Charlton

1996-01-01

177

The Purpose In Life Questionnaire in a Chinese Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese version of the Purpose In Life Questionnaire was administered to 480 post-secondary school students and found to have high internal consistency as a scale and high item-total correlations for most of the items. Factor analysis with a five-factor solution showed that five factors were abstracted from the scale, namely, Quality of Life, Meaning of Existence, Answers to Existence,

Daniel T. L. Shek; Eric W. Hong; Mary Y. P. Cheung

1987-01-01

178

Measuring functioning in patients with hand osteoarthritis—content comparison of questionnaires based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. When selecting a questionnaire, researchers and clinicians need to know whether or not a questionnaire covers the relevant outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the content of questionnaires that have been used to assess functioning in patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA) based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method. Questionnaires

Tanja Stamm; Szilvia Geyh; Alarcos Cieza; Klaus Machold; Barbara Kollerits; Margreet Kloppenburg; Josef Smolen; Gerold Stucki

2006-01-01

179

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

PubMed Central

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258?315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires. Main outcome measure The proportion of completed or partially completed questionnaires returned. Results The odds of response were more than doubled when a monetary incentive was used (odds ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.79 to 2.27) and almost doubled when incentives were not conditional on response (1.71; 1.29 to 2.26). Response was more likely when short questionnaires were used (1.86; 1.55 to 2.24). Personalised questionnaires and letters increased response (1.16; 1.06 to 1.28), as did the use of coloured ink (1.39; 1.16 to 1.67). The odds of response were more than doubled when the questionnaires were sent by recorded delivery (2.21; 1.51 to 3.25) and increased when stamped return envelopes were used (1.26; 1.13 to 1.41) and questionnaires were sent by first class post (1.12; 1.02 to 1.23). Contacting participants before sending questionnaires increased response (1.54; 1.24 to 1.92), as did follow up contact (1.44; 1.22 to 1.70) and providing non-respondents with a second copy of the questionnaire (1.41; 1.02 to 1.94). Questionnaires designed to be of more interest to participants were more likely to be returned (2.44; 1.99 to 3.01), but questionnaires containing questions of a sensitive nature were less likely to be returned (0.92; 0.87 to 0.98). Questionnaires originating from universities were more likely to be returned than were questionnaires from other sources, such as commercial organisations (1.31; 1.11 to 1.54). Conclusions Health researchers using postal questionnaires can improve the quality of their research by using the strategies shown to be effective in this systematic review. What is already known on this topicPostal questionnaires are widely used in the collection of data in epidemiological studies and health researchNon-response to postal questionnaires reduces the effective sample size and can introduce biasWhat this study addsThis systematic review includes more randomised controlled trials than any previously published review or meta-analysis no questionnaire responseThe review has identified effective ways to increase response to postal questionnairesThe review will be updated regularly in the Cochrane Library

Edwards, Phil; Roberts, Ian; Clarke, Mike; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Pratap, Sarah; Wentz, Reinhard; Kwan, Irene

2002-01-01

180

Maximising response to postal questionnaires – A systematic review of randomised trials in health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Postal self-completion questionnaires offer one of the least expensive modes of collecting patient based outcomes in health care research. The purpose of this review is to assess the efficacy of methods of increasing response to postal questionnaires in health care studies on patient populations. METHODS: The following databases were searched: Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, CDSR, PsycINFO, NRR and ZETOC. Reference

Rachel A Nakash; Jane L Hutton; Ellen C Jørstad-Stein; Simon Gates; Sarah E Lamb

2006-01-01

181

Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties of health status questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesRecently, an increasing number of systematic reviews have been published in which the measurement properties of health status questionnaires are compared. For a meaningful comparison, quality criteria for measurement properties are needed. Our aim was to develop quality criteria for design, methods, and outcomes of studies on the development and evaluation of health status questionnaires.

Caroline B. Terwee; Sandra D. M. Bot; Michael R. de Boer; Daniëlle A. W. M. van der Windt; Dirk L. Knol; Joost Dekker; Lex M. Bouter; Henrica C. W. de Vet

2007-01-01

182

Taxonomic Classification Helps Identify Flavonoid-Containing Foods on a Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe foods on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire with respect to their botanical taxonomic classification and the likely presence of flavonoids. Foods listed in the NCI questionnaire were classified for potential flavonoid content using information from Linnaean taxonomic classification and processing techniques known to modify flavonoid content. The outcome measure was flavonoid presence in foods

JULIA PETERSON; JOHANNA DWYER

1998-01-01

183

Estimation of the stress related to conservative scoliosis therapy: an analysis based on BSSQ questionnaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls treated with a brace for scoliosis are submitted to prolonged stress related to both the disease and the therapy. Currently proposed quality of life questionnaires are focused on the outcome of therapy. Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) enables monitoring of patients being under treatment with a brace or exercises. The aim of the study was to assess

Tomasz Kotwicki; Edyta Kinel; Wanda Stry?a; Andrzej Szulc

2007-01-01

184

The Broad Autism Phenotype Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The broad autism phenotype (BAP) is a set of personality and language characteristics that reflect the phenotypic expression\\u000a of the genetic liability to autism, in non-autistic relatives of autistic individuals. These characteristics are milder but\\u000a qualitatively similar to the defining features of autism. A new instrument designed to measure the BAP in adults, the Broad\\u000a Autism Phenotype Questionnaire (BAPQ), was

Robert S. E. Hurley; Molly Losh; Morgan Parlier; J. Steven Reznick; Joseph Piven

2007-01-01

185

Mothers misunderstand questions on a feeding questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feeding questionnaires have not consistently identified mothers' beliefs or behaviors associated with preschool children becoming overweight. One reason may be that mothers do not understand the constructs in the questions in the way intended by the developers of the questionnaire. This study assessed items on the Preschooler Feeding Questionnaire (PFQ)—a maternal questionnaire about feeding practices and beliefs relating to the

Anjali Jain; Susan N. Sherman; Leigh A. Chamberlin; Robert C. Whitaker

2004-01-01

186

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: electrolytes.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual tradition at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time using audience response devices with the answers of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best-answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (the authors). The correct and incorrect answers then were briefly discussed after the audience responses and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article tries to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-the readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580788

Palmer, Biff F; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

187

Clinical COPD Questionnaire score (CCQ) and mortality  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) measures health status and can be used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQL). We investigated whether CCQ is also associated with mortality. Methods Some 1111 Swedish primary and secondary care chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients were randomly selected. Information from questionnaires and medical record review were obtained in 970 patients. The Swedish Board of Health and Welfare provided mortality data. Cox regression estimated survival, with adjustment for age, sex, heart disease, and lung function (for a subset with spirometry data, n = 530). Age and sex-standardized mortality ratios were calculated. Results Over 5 years, 220 patients (22.7%) died. Mortality risk was higher for mean CCQ ? 3 (37.8% died) compared with mean CCQ < 1 (11.4%), producing an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (and 95% confidence interval [CI]) of 3.13 (1.98 to 4.95). After further adjustment for 1 second forced expiratory volume (expressed as percent of the European Community for Steel and Coal reference values ), the association remained (HR 2.94 [1.42 to 6.10]). The mortality risk was higher than in the general population, with standardized mortality ratio (and 95% CI) of 1.87 (1.18 to 2.80) with CCQ < 1, increasing to 6.05 (4.94 to 7.44) with CCQ ? 3. Conclusion CCQ is predictive of mortality in COPD patients. As HRQL and mortality are both important clinical endpoints, CCQ could be used to target interventions.

Sundh, Josefin; Janson, Christer; Lisspers, Karin; Montgomery, Scott; Stallberg, Bjorn

2012-01-01

188

Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Self-Reported Colorectal Cancer Screening Status Using Face-to-Face Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-developed colorectal cancer screening\\u000a questionnaire. Methods We conducted 36 cognitive interviews and made iterative changes to the questionnaire to improve comprehension. The revised\\u000a questionnaire was administered face-to-face to 201 participants. The primary outcome was agreement between questionnaire responses\\u000a and medical records for whether or

Deborah A. Fisher; Corrine I. Voils; Cynthia J. Coffman; Janet M. Grubber; Tara K. Dudley; Sally W. Vernon; John H. Bond; Dawn Provenzale

2009-01-01

189

Leadership styles in secondary school science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparison of United States secondary school science teachers who mentor high quality student research and teachers who do not mentor research was conducted using a demographic survey and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Form 5X. The major demographic difference between the two groups was a significantly greater number of years of teaching experience in the research group, a factor that correlated significantly with Extra Effort in students. Research group teachers self-reported higher mean scores than non-research group teachers on the five transformational leadership scales plus the transactional scale of Contingent Reward; however, a Multivariate Analysis of Variance found no significant difference between the groups. Independent t-tests found no significant difference between the groups based upon the remaining transactional scales. The research group was found to be significantly higher on the outcome variable of Extra Effort generated by students while the non-research group rated themselves significantly higher on Satisfaction of students. Transformational leadership in teachers should be addressed by future studies as a possible method of identifying motivational teachers.

Lawson, Michael A.

190

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NCES has just released this major publication. Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective, "presents information on the U.S. elementary and secondary education system in an international context," offering comparisons of student and classroom characteristics, student achievement, educational resources and expenditures, labor markets, and other outcomes.

191

Assessing classroom activities and outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the structure content, and measurement characteristics of a course-level questionnaire designed to gather from students course-specific information that responds to both local assessment needs and ABET requirements. In addition to basic academic and personal background characteristics, the questionnaire gathers information on a course's teaching and learning activities and student-reported learning gains attributed to the course. The outcomes

Patrick T. Terenzini; Alberto F. Cabrera; Carol L. Colbeck

1999-01-01

192

Measuring Presenteeism: Which Questionnaire to use in Physical Activity Research?  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: An emerging area of interest in workplace health is presenteeism; the measurable extent to which physical or psycho-social symptoms, conditions and disease adversely affect the work productivity of those who choose to remain at work. Given established links between presenteeism and health, and health and physical activity, presenteeism could be an important outcome in workplace physical activity research. This study provides a narrative review of questionnaires for use in such research. METHODS: Eight self-report measures of presenteeism were identified. Information regarding development, constructs measured and psychometric properties was extracted from relevant articles. RESULTS: Questionnaires were largely self-administered, had 4 to 44 items and recall periods ranging from one week to one year. Items were identified as assessing work performance, physical tolerance, psychological well-being and social or role functioning. Samples used to test questionnaires were predominantly American male employees, with an age range of 30-59 years. All instruments had undergone psychometric assessment, most commonly discriminant and construct validity. CONCLUSION: Based on instrument characteristics, the range of conceptual foci covered and acceptable measurement properties, the Health and Work Questionnaire, Work Ability Index and Work Limitations Questionnaire are suggested as most suitable for further exploring the relationship between physical activity and presenteeism. PMID:23364284

Brown, Helen Elizabeth; Burton, Nicola; Gilson, Nicholas David; Brown, Wendy

2013-01-30

193

Early Screening for Developmental Delays: Use of Parent-Completed Questionnaires in Oregon's Healthy Start Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a developmental screening project conducted by Oregon Healthy Start, a home visiting program for first-time parents. Explains procedures of the project, and describes the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, a parent-completed screening tool used as an outcome measure. Presents outcomes of the project, including recommendations for using…

Squires, Jane; Katzev, Aphra; Jenkins, Fritz

2002-01-01

194

Validation of a Simplified Anorexia Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextAnorexia is a common symptom in cancer and is usually assessed by multiple questions and multidimensional questionnaires. A simplified questionnaire would be less burdensome to patients and abbreviate the process.

Mellar P. Davis; Tugba Yavuzsen; Jordanka Kirkova; Declan Walsh; Matthew Karafa; Susan LeGrand; Ruth Lagman

2009-01-01

195

PAQ database: Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire In: Matton L, Wijndaele K, Duvigneaud N, Duquet W, Philippaerts R, Thomis M, Lefevre J. Reliability and validity of the Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire in adults. Res Q Exerc Sport

196

PAQ database: Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

197

PAQ database: Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

198

PAQ database: Flemish Physical Activity Computerized Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

199

PAQ database: Techumseh Occupational Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

200

Secondary Conditions in People with Developmental Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors investigated secondary conditions in people with developmental disabilities in terms of (a) the average number of conditions experienced and overall health and independence, (b) their degree and nature, and (c) gender differences. Information was obtained by a questionnaire completed by the caregivers for 659 people with developmental…

Koritsas, Stella; Iacono, Teresa

2011-01-01

201

Secondary School Children and their Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines children's viewing of TV outside the school environment, and the extent to which some adult fears about teenage television viewing are justified. A sample of almost 300 secondary school children were issued with a questionnaire to establish their viewing preferences and TV availability. It was found that more than two?thirds had a television set in their room,

Jude Collins

1992-01-01

202

Fears of Senegalese Secondary School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire investigating the inventory of fears and worries of Senegalese adolescents was administered to 806 secondary school students; Croake's classification was utilized. School fears were found to be much more important in Senegal than in France or the United States. As has been noticed in industrialized countries, girls and children born of poorer parents were more subject to fears

Michel Vandewiele

1981-01-01

203

Cooperative Learning in the Secondary Mathematics Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of cooperative learning on student achievement and attitudes in a secondary mathematics classroom were investigated. In this quasi-experimental design, 2 precalculus courses were compared. Students in 1 class studied the material in cooperative learning groups; students in the 2nd class studied the material independently. Three chapter tests were used to measure student achievement, and a questionnaire was administered

Kristina M. Whicker; Linda Bol; John A. Nunnery

1997-01-01

204

Secondary Conditions in People with Developmental Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated secondary conditions in people with developmental disabilities in terms of (a) the average number of conditions experienced and overall health and independence, (b) their degree and nature, and (c) gender differences. Information was obtained by a questionnaire completed by the caregivers for 659 people with developmental…

Koritsas, Stella; Iacono, Teresa

2011-01-01

205

A Brief Guide to Questionnaire Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive guide leads the user step-by-step through questionnaire creation. Topics include preliminary considerations, writing the questionnaire items, issues that may come up when giving the questionnaire, statistical considerations, and references for further reading. This resource is intended for novice and professional evaluators.

Frary, Robert

206

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire for Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers

1992-01-01

207

The Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire For Older Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five studies were conducted to construct and psychometrically evaluate a marital satisfaction questionnaire for older persons. The questionnaire content was generated and refined in Study 1. Temporal stability was evaluated in Study 2, and criterion-related validity was examined in Study 3. Norms, factor structure, and construct validity of the questionnaire were established in Study 4. The degree to which scores

Stephen N. Haynes; Frank J. Floyd; Carolyn Lemsky; Elizabeth Rogers; David Winemiller; Nancy Heilman; Mary Werle; Tria Murphy; Lydia Cardone

1992-01-01

208

Response Rate Effects of Three Questionnaire Formats.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper compares the response rates of university graduates on the following three formats of a questionnaire: (1) a two-page questionnaire that is to be returned with an accompanying self-addressed stamped envelope; (2) a format using smaller type and condensed format to present the questionnaire items on a single page that is to be returned…

Enger, John M.; And Others

209

Shortness of Breath with Daily Activities questionnaire: validation and responder thresholds in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

PubMed Central

Objectives To test the reliability, validity and responsiveness of the 13-item Shortness of Breath with Daily Activities (SOBDA) questionnaire, and determine the threshold for response and minimal important difference (MID). Design 6?week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Setting 40 centres in the USA between 29 October 2009 and 1 July 2010. Primary and secondary outcome measures 547 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were enrolled and 418 entered the 2-week run-in period. Data from the run-in period were collected to test internal consistency, test–retest reliability, convergent validity and known-groups validity of the SOBDA. Three hundred and sixty six patients were randomised 2:2:1 to fluticasone propionate/salmeterol 250/50?µg, salmeterol 50?µg or placebo, twice daily. Results from the SOBDA questionnaire, Patient Global Assessment of Change Question, modified Medical Research Council Dyspnoea Scale (mMRC), Clinician Global Impression of Dysponea Severity (CGI-S), Clinician Global Impression of Change Question and Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire self-administered standardised version (CRQ-SAS) were evaluated; spirometry and safety parameters were measured. Study endpoints were selected to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal validity of the SOBDA questionnaire in relation to the clinical criteria. Results Internal consistency of the SOBDA questionnaire (Cronbach ?) was 0.89. Test–retest reliability (intraclass correlation) was 0.94. The SOBDA weekly scores correlated with the patient-reported and clinician-reported mMRC, CGI-S and CRQ-SAS dyspnoea domain scores (0.29, 0.24, 0.24 and –0.68, respectively). The SOBDA weekly scores differentiated between the responders and the non-responders as rated by the patients and the clinicians. Anchor-based and supportive distribution-based analyses produced a range of the potential values for the threshold for the responders and MID. Conclusions The 13-item SOBDA questionnaire is reliable, valid and responsive to change in patients with COPD. On using anchor-based methods, the proposed responder threshold shows a ?0.1 to ?0.2 score change. A specific threshold value will be identified as more data are generated from future clinical trials. Trial registration NCT00984659; GlaxoSmithKline study number: ASQ112989.

Watkins, Michael L; Wilcox, Teresa K; Tabberer, Maggie; Brooks, Jean M; Donohue, James F; Anzueto, Antonio; Chen, Wen-Hung; Crim, Courtney

2013-01-01

210

A questionnaire-based (UM-PDHQ) study of hallucinations in Parkinson's disease  

PubMed Central

Background Hallucinations occur in 20–40% of PD patients and have been associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes (i.e., nursing home placement, increased mortality). Hallucinations, like other non-motor features of PD, are not well recognized in routine primary/secondary clinical practice. So far, there has been no instrument for uniform characterization of hallucinations in PD. To this end, we developed the University of Miami Parkinson's disease Hallucinations Questionnaire (UM-PDHQ) that allows comprehensive assessment of hallucinations in clinical or research settings. Methods The UM-PDHQ is composed of 6 quantitative and 14 qualitative items. For our study PD patients of all ages and in all stages of the disease were recruited over an 18-month period. The UPDRS, MMSE, and Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories were used for comparisons. Results and Discussion Seventy consecutive PD patients were included in the analyses. Thirty-one (44.3%) were classified as hallucinators and 39 as non-hallucinators. No significant group differences were observed in terms of demographics, disease characteristics, stage, education, depressive/anxiety scores or cognitive functioning (MMSE) between hallucinators and non-hallucinators. Single mode hallucinations were reported in 20/31 (visual/14, auditory/4, olfactory/2) whereas multiple modalities were reported in 11/31 patients. The most common hallucinatory experience was a whole person followed by small animals, insects and reptiles. Conclusion Using the UM-PDHQ, we were able to define the key characteristics of hallucinations in PD in our cohort. Future directions include the validation of the quantitative part of the questionnaire than will serve as a rating scale for severity of hallucinations.

Papapetropoulos, Spiridon; Katzen, Heather; Schrag, Anette; Singer, Carlos; Scanlon, Blake K; Nation, Daniel; Guevara, Alexandra; Levin, Bonnie

2008-01-01

211

Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function  

PubMed Central

Background To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR), i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. Methods We administered the questionnaire to 440 participants (?: N = 316, ?: N = 124): 95 patients with breast cancer, 49 with colorectal cancer, 60 with diabetes mellitus, 39 with coronary heart disease, 28 with rheumatological conditions, 32 with Hashimoto's disease, 22 with multiple morbidities and 115 healthy people. We administered the questionnaire a second time to 50.2% of the participants. External convergence criteria included the German version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), a short questionnaire on morningness-eveningness, the Herdecke Quality of Life Questionnaire (HLQ) and a short version questionnaire on self-regulation. Results A principal component analysis yielded a three dimensional 18-item inventory of aR. The subscales orthostatic-circulatory, rest/activity and digestive regulation had internal consistency (Cronbach-?: r? = 0.65 – 0.75) and test-retest reliability (rrt = 0.70 – 85). AR was negatively associated with anxiety, depression, and dysmenorrhoea but positively correlated to HLQ, self-regulation and in part to morningness (except digestive aR) (0.49 – 0.13, all p < 0.05). Conclusion An internal validation of the long-version scale of aR yielded consistent relationships with health versus illness, quality of life and personality. Further studies are required to clarify the issues of external validity, clinical and physiological relevance.

Kroz, M; Feder, G; von Laue, HB; Zerm, R; Reif, M; Girke, M; Matthes, H; Gutenbrunner, C; Heckmann, C

2008-01-01

212

Secondary orgasmic dysfunction. I. Analysis and strategies for treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following treatment of six cases of primary orgasmic dysfunction and six cases of secondary orgasmic dysfunction, an analysis of assessment and outcome data indicated that (1) clients with secondary orgasmic dysfunction and those with primary orgasmic dysfunction did not differ significantly in most aspects of sexual behavior before treatment; (2) before treatment, secondary orgasmic dysfunction tended to be associated with

Kevin B. McGovern; Rita C. Stewart; Joseph LoPiccolo

1975-01-01

213

PREVENTION OF TUBERCULOSIS AT SCHOOL AGE-AWARENESS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Aim: to study secondary school students' health awareness of tuberculosis characteristics and its prophylaxis. Materials and methods: a confidential 32-item questionnaire was filled in by 190 students at the age of 15-18, 69 (36%) of who - boys and 121 (64%) girls in IX, X, XI classes, from 3 different secondary schools in Varna. The questionnaire consists of 32

Gabriela Tsankova; B. Yustiniyanova

2011-01-01

214

Knowledge of Secondary School Pupils regarding Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary

Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

2006-01-01

215

Patterns of Drug Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of this study was to establish the association between substance abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of secondary school students. All the students of 17 randomly stratified public secondary schools in Nairobi were required to complete self-administered sociodemographic and the School Toolkit questionnaires in a…

Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln I.; Mutiso, Victoria; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca A.; Kokonya, Donald A.

2009-01-01

216

Are Korean Secondary School Girls Physically Active During Leisure Time?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aims in this study were to identify the types of physical activity during leisure time and to determine if Korean secondary school girls participate in enough physical activity during leisure time to promote health. Of the 1,088 girls randomly selected by a multistaged cluster sampling technique, 705 girls completed questionnaires. Seventy-five percent of Korean secondary school girls spent time

Minhaeng Cho; Wook-Dong Kwon; Yong-Bae Jeon

2010-01-01

217

The Performance of Portuguese Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to measure and compare the performance of Portuguese secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: Some data on the schools were collected via an electronic questionnaire sent to 103 secondary schools of the centre region of Portugal; other needed data were available through the Centre Regional Education…

Sarrico, Claudia S.; Rosa, Maria J.; Coelho, Ines P.

2010-01-01

218

Inappropriate use of proton pump inhibitors among medical inpatients: a questionnaire-based observational study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To evaluate the appropriateness of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) prescribing by conducting an audit of medical inpatients against recommended guidelines. Design Questionnaire-based study. All medical wards were audited and different information was documented by patients' medical records review (both hospital visit notes and general practitioner's letters) and short interview, where we asked them to name the clinical reason for using PPI. Setting This study was carried out in the setting of a regional hospital (537-bed, secondary care referral centre) in Ireland. Participants The study participants were all consecutive medical patients admitted to the medical wards at Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford. Main outcome measures The appropriateness of PPI usage in our regional hospital by assessing the level of its prescribing against published guidelines (NICE, 2000). Results During the audit period, 205 consecutive medical inpatients were assessed. Seventy-nine percent (162 out of 205) of the studied patients were found to be using PPI. For 45% (n = 73) of patients, there was no documentation of valid indication for being on PPI. Overall, 64% of patients were prescribed PPI by hospital doctors, either during their current or previous admissions. We noted that 31% (n = 51) of patients were taking PPI for ?2 years and another 25% of patients were using PPI for about one year. Only 12% (n = 20) of patients had undergone endoscopy procedures. Conclusion Inappropriate use of PPI remains common in hospital practice. The risks of using long-term PPI must be weighed against the benefits.

Haroon, Muhammad; Yasin, Faiza; Gardezi, Syed K M; Adeeb, Fahd; Walker, Frank

2013-01-01

219

Teenagers' knowledge of emergency contraception: questionnaire survey in south east Scotland.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine the level of knowledge of emergency contraception among 14 and 15 year olds. DESIGN--Confidential questionnaire survey. SETTING--10 secondary schools in Lothian, south east Scotland. SUBJECTS--1206 pupils predominantly (98.7%) aged 14 and 15 in the fourth year of secondary school. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Knowledge of the existence of emergency contraception; of its safety, efficacy, and time limits; and of where to obtain it. RESULTS--1121 (93.0%) fourth year pupils aged 14-16 had heard of emergency contraception. 194 girls (32.7%) and 168 boys (27.5%) had experienced sexual intercourse. Of girls who had experienced sexual intercourse, 61 (31.4%) had used emergency contraception. Knowledge of correct time limits was poor, sexually active girls being the most knowledgeable. Pupils attending schools ranked lower than the national average for academic attainment were less likely to have heard of emergency contraception and more likely to have been sexually active. 861 (76.8%) pupils knew they could obtain emergency contraception from their doctor. 925 (82.5%) pupils believed emergency contraception to be effective but 398 (35.5%) thought it more dangerous than the oral contraceptive pill. CONCLUSIONS--One third of sexually active girls aged under 16 in Lothian have used emergency contraception. This may help explain the fairly constant teenage pregnancy rates despite increasing sexual activity. Scottish teenagers are well informed about the existence of emergency contraception. However, many do not know when and how to access it properly. Health education initiatives should target teenagers from less academic schools as they are more likely to be sexually active at a young age and are less well informed about emergency contraception.

Graham, A.; Green, L.; Glasier, A. F.

1996-01-01

220

Graduate Outcomes Survey, Fall 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides the methodology, results, and highlights of a survey developed to assess general education satisfaction of graduates as well as to collect data essential to Nevada's Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC) Performance Indicators. The Graduate Outcomes Survey is an annual questionnaire distributed to all TMCC students…

Truckee Meadows Community Coll., Sparks, NV.

221

Graduate Outcomes Survey, Fall 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides the methodology, results, and highlights of a survey developed to assess general education satisfaction of graduates as well as to collect data essential to Nevada's Truckee Meadows Community College (TMCC) Performance Indicators. The Graduate Outcomes Survey is an annual questionnaire distributed to all TMCC students…

Truckee Meadows Community Coll., Sparks, NV.

222

Life after High School: Which Postschool Outcomes Matter for Students with and without Disabilities in Restructured High Schools? Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform (RISER) for Youth with Disabilities Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform for Youth with Disabilities (RISER) has been studying three significantly restructured high schools that have included students with disabilities and their parents in the design and/or implementation of school reform efforts. Each of these schools has operated for 3-12 years with its new,…

Mooney, Marianne; Phelps, L. Allen

223

Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for Psychosis.  

PubMed

Objective:The Cognitive Biases Questionnaire for psychosis (CBQp) was developed to capture 5 cognitive distortions (jumping to conclusions, intentionalising, catastrophising, emotional reasoning, and dichotomous thinking), which are considered important for the pathogenesis of psychosis. Vignettes were adapted from the Cognitive Style Test (CST),(1) relating to "Anomalous Perceptions" and "Threatening Events" themes.Method:Scale structure, reliability, and validity were investigated in a psychosis group, and CBQp scores were compared with those of depressed and healthy control samples.Results:The CBQp showed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The 5 biases were not independent, with a 2-related factor scale providing the best fit. This structure suggests that the CBQp assesses a general thinking bias rather than distinct cognitive errors, while Anomalous Perception and Threatening Events theme scores can be used separately. Total CBQp scores showed good convergent validity with the CST, but individual biases were not related to existing tasks purporting to assess similar reasoning biases. Psychotic and depressed populations scored higher than healthy controls, and symptomatic psychosis patients scored higher than their nonsymptomatic counterparts, with modest relationships between CBQp scores and symptom severity once emotional disorders were partialled out. Anomalous Perception theme and Intentionalising bias scores showed some specificity to psychosis.Conclusions:Overall, the CBQp has good psychometric properties, although it is likely that it measures a different construct to existing tasks, tentatively suggested to represent a bias of interpretation rather than reasoning, judgment or decision-making processes. It is a potentially useful tool in both research and clinical arenas. PMID:23413104

Peters, Emmanuelle R; Moritz, Steffen; Schwannauer, Matthias; Wiseman, Zoe; Greenwood, Kathryn E; Scott, Jan; Beck, Aaron T; Donaldson, Catherine; Hagen, Roger; Ross, Kerry; Veckenstedt, Ruth; Ison, Rebecca; Williams, Sally; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Garety, Philippa A

2013-02-27

224

Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire (JOACMEQ): Part 2. Endorsement of the alternative item  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  A new self-administered questionnaire as an outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy was drawn up in Part 1 (Japanese\\u000a Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire, JOACMEQ). Because a question with regard to driving\\u000a a car (C-41) was not suitable for this patient group, the authors composed an alternative question related to neck motion\\u000a (C-41-2). The purposes of the present

Mitsuru Fukui; Kazuhiro Chiba; Mamoru Kawakami; Shin-ichi Kikuchi; Shin-ichi Konno; Masabumi Miyamoto; Atsushi Seichi; Tadashi Shimamura; Osamu Shirado; Toshihiko Taguchi; Kazuhisa Takahashi; Katsushi Takeshita; Toshikazu Tani; Yoshiaki Toyama; Eiji Wada; Kazuo Yonenobu; Takashi Tanaka; Yoshio Hirota

2007-01-01

225

Development of a Behavior-Based Feeding Questionnaire for Infants with Premature History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-term feeding problems associated with premature infants must be recognized and managed if outcomes are to be optimized. However, there is no clinical assessment tool currently available to understand preterm infants' feeding behaviors from the perspective of parents\\/caregivers. In this study, a behavior-based feeding questionnaire was developed for this purpose. This feeding questionnaire demonstrates good face and content validity.

Tsu-Hsin Howe; Sui-Hua Ho

2009-01-01

226

A brief questionnaire on metacognition: Psychometric properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Existing questionnaires on personal views of one's own cognitive functioning are either unduly long, restrict their focus on memory, and\\/or capture complaints rather than the general status quo. A brief 9-item questionnaire was developed, assessing metacognition with two subscales covering metamemory and metaconcentration.Methods: The questionnaire was tested in a sample of healthy women (n?=?228) aged 70–93 years, during two

Verena Klusmann; Andrea Evers; Ralf Schwarzer; Isabella Heuser

2011-01-01

227

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Remember the warnings. Statistics. N. ... Remember the warnings. Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

228

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Time spent reading ... Time spent reading food label (seconds). Frequency. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

229

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – Time spent reading food label (seconds). Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

230

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Recognize any adverse (bad) reactions. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

231

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is the predominant overuse injury in runners. To further investigate this overload injury in transverse and longitudinal studies a valid, responsive and reliable outcome measure is demanded. Most questionnaires have been developed for English-speaking populations. This is also true for the VISA-A score, so far representing the only valid, reliable, and disease specific questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy.

Heinz Lohrer; Tanja Nauck

2009-01-01

232

n-3 Fatty acids from fish or fish-oil supplements, but not alpha-linolenic acid, benefit cardiovascular disease outcomes in primary- and secondary-prevention studies: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Studies on the relation between dietary n-3 fatty acids (FAs) and cardiovascular disease vary in quality, and the results are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of the literature on the effects of n-3 FAs (consumed as fish or fish oils rich in eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid or as alpha-linolenic acid) on cardiovascular disease outcomes and adverse events was

Wang C; Lichtenstein AH; Jordan HS

2006-01-01

233

The relevance of unrelated costs internal and external to the healthcare sector to the outcome of a cost-comparison analysis of secondary prevention: the case of general colorectal cancer screening in the German population  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential of secondary prevention measures, such as cancer screening, to produce cost savings in the healthcare sector\\u000a is a controversial issue in healthcare economics. Potential savings are calculated by comparing treatment costs with the cost\\u000a of a prevention program. When survivors’ subsequent unrelated health care costs are included in the calculation, however,\\u000a the overall cost of disease prevention rises.

Dieter K. Tscheulin; Florian Drevs

2010-01-01

234

Understanding meaningful outcomes.  

PubMed

This commentary is meant to set the stage for further discussion about how the objective of a learning healthcare system can be advanced through better specifying requirements to support secondary data use. Recent federal initiatives seek to foster widespread health information technology adoption in the hopes of improving the efficiency and efficacy of our nation's health system. Development of a framework for codifying clinical outcomes would support those objectives primarily though making it easier to uncover associative patterns in patient care data. Put simply, the explicit classification of patient outcomes at the point of care seems to be a prerequisite to foster the most rapid exploration of achievable outcomes and their determinants. Considerations in such an endeavor include attributional validity, accounting for treatment appropriateness, incorporating patient perspectives, and evaluating the impacts of linkages to pay-for-performance programs. PMID:21322304

Armijo, Daniel C; Lammers, Eric J; Smith, Dean G

2010-12-01

235

Evaluation of the construct validity of the DASH questionnaire by correlation to the SF-36.  

PubMed

The construct validity of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire was evaluated by examining its correlation to the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 (SF-36). The study sample was 90 patients seen at the upper-extremity clinic of a university-based orthopedic practice. Patients were asked to complete a packet that included the DASH and SF-36 questionnaires. Pearson correlation coefficients of the DASH questionnaire to the SF-36 subscales ranged from -0.36 to -0.62. The DASH questionnaire had fewer ceiling and floor scores than most of the SF-36 subscales. These results support the DASH questionnaire as a valid measure of health status useful in patients with a wide variety of upper-extremity complaints. PMID:12015732

SooHoo, Nelson Fong; McDonald, Allen P; Seiler, John Gray; McGillivary, Gary R

2002-05-01

236

'Australian secondary students secondary students' views about global warming: beliefs about actions, and willingness to act  

Microsoft Academic Search

NSW secondary students’ views (n=500) about how useful various specific actions might be at reducing global warming, their willingness to undertake the various actions, and the extent to which these two might be linked were determined using a constructed questionnaire. The degree to which students were willing to act was often greater or less than might be expected from the

Keith Skamp; Edward Boyes; Martin Stanisstreet

2008-01-01

237

The risk factor profile of women with secondary infertility: an unmatched case-control study in Kigali, Rwanda  

PubMed Central

Background Secondary infertility is a common, preventable but neglected reproductive health problem in resource-poor countries. This study examines the association of past sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV, bacterial vaginosis (BV) and factors in the obstetric history with secondary infertility and their relative contributions to secondary infertility. Methods Between November 2007 and May 2009 a research infertility clinic was set up at the Kigali University Teaching Hospital in Rwanda. Cases were defined as sexually-active women aged 21-45 years presenting with secondary infertility (n = 177), and controls as multiparous women in the same age groups who recently delivered (n = 219). Participants were interviewed about socio-demographic characteristics and obstetric history using structured questionnaires, and were tested for HIV and reproductive tract infections (RTIs). Results Risk factors in the obstetric history for secondary infertility were lack of prenatal care in the last pregnancy, the first pregnancy before the age of 21 years, a history of unwanted pregnancy, a pregnancy with other than current partner, an adverse pregnancy outcome, stillbirth, postpartum infection and curettage. Presence of HIV, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), or Treponema pallidum antibodies, and bacterial vaginosis (BV), were significantly more common in women in secondary infertile relationships than those in fertile relationships. The population attributable fractions (PAF%) for obstetric events, HIV, other (STIs), and BV were 25%, 30%, 27%, and 14% respectively. Conclusions The main finding of this study is that obstetric events, HIV and other STIs contribute approximately equally to secondary infertility in Rwanda. Scaling up of HIV/STI prevention, increased access to family planning services, improvement of prenatal and obstetric care and reduction of stillbirth and infant mortality rates are all likely to decrease secondary infertility in sub-Saharan Africa.

2011-01-01

238

Development and initial validation of the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire (CMCQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on classroom goal-structures (CGS) has shown the usefulness of assessing the classroom mo- tivational climate to evaluate educational interventions and to promote changes in teachers' activity. So, the Classroom Motivational Climate Questionnaire for Secondary and High-School students was developed. To validate it, confirmatory factor analysis and correlation and regression analyses were performed. Results showed that the CMCQ is a

Jesús Alonso Tapia; Blanca Fernández Heredia

2008-01-01

239

Prevalence of asthma symptoms in video and written questionnaires among children in four regions of Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevalence of asthma symptoms in video and written questionnaires among children in four regions of Finland. J. Pekkanen, S.T. Remes, T. Husman, M. Lindberg, M. Kajosaari, A. Koivikko, L. Soininen. ?ERS Journals Ltd 1997. ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine whether there are regional differences in the prevalence of childhood asthma in Finland. A secondary objec- tive

J. Pekkanen; S. T. Remes; T. Husman; M. Lindberg; M. Kajosaari; A. Koivikko; L. Soininen

1997-01-01

240

Finding Pearls: Psychometric Reevaluation of the Simpson-Troost Attitude Questionnaire (STAQ)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Simpson-Troost Attitude Questionnaire (STAQ) was developed as part of a study to assess adolescent commitment to and achievement in science. For this psychometric reappraisal of the 57-item STAQ, data were analyzed from a convenience sample of 1,754 secondary students. Confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were applied, and results…

Owen, Steven V.; Toepperwein, Mary Anne; Marshall, Carolyn E.; Lichtenstein, Michael J.; Blalock, Cheryl L.; Liu, Yan; Pruski, Linda A.; Grimes, Kandi

2008-01-01

241

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY): 2006 Cohort Wave 4 (2009)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 56A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 2006 cohort Wave 4 (2009) data set. [For the "Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY): 2006…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2010

2010-01-01

242

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 1998 Cohort: Wave 12 (2009)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 58A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 1998 cohort Wave 12 (2009) data set. [For the accompanying frequency tables, "Longitudinal Surveys of…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2010

2010-01-01

243

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2003 Cohort: Wave 7 (2009)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 57A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 2003 cohort Wave 7 (2009) data set. [For the related frequency tables, see ED512163.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2010

2010-01-01

244

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2009 Cohort: Wave 2 (2010)-- Questionnaire. Technical Report 71A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 2009 cohort Wave 2 (2010) data set.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

245

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2006 Cohort: Wave 6 (2011)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 75A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This series of documents provides supporting information for the LSAY data set of the 2006 cohort at wave 6 (2011). The document presents the questionnaire for LSAY…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

246

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) 2009 Cohort: Wave 3 (2011)--Questionnaire. Technical Report 72A  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This technical paper contains the questionnaire for the LSAY 2009 cohort Wave 3 (2011) data set.

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

247

Assessing the usefulness of a safety climate questionnaire in UK healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an assessment of a safety climate questionnaire in UK primary and secondary healthcare settings. Surveys were sent to four Acute Trusts and nine Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) and responses were received from 722 hospital and 585 primary care staff. Factor analysis and reliability analyses were undertaken, with the result that 2 Teamwork factors were

A. Hutchinson; J. E. Dean; K. L. Cooper; M. Patterson; A. McIntosh; C. B. Stride; C. M. Smith; B. E. Laurence

248

PAQ database: Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Historical Leisure Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

249

PAQ database: Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Zutphen Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6 Suppl):S1-205. The

250

PAQ database: Stanford Usual Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Stanford Usual Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1997 Jun;29(6

251

Validation of the extended Influence Behavior Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted four studies to evaluate the extended version of the Influence Behavior Questionnaire (IBQ), which measures proactive tactics used to influence people in organizations. The results provide support for the reliability and validity of the 11 tactic scales in the newest version of the IBQ. The questionnaire has widespread potential applications for both research and practice, and it is

Gary Yukl; Charles F. Seifert; Carolyn Chavez

2008-01-01

252

PAQ database: Stockholm Public Health Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Stockholm Public Health Questionnaire In: Leijon O, Wiktorin C, Harenstam A, Karlqvist L; MOA Research Group. Validity of a self-administered questionnaire for assessing physical work loads in a general population. J Occup Environ Med 2002 Aug;44(8):724-35.

253

Questionnaire Design: Asking Questions with a Purpose  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short document guides the user through the stages of creating and implementing an effective questionnaire. The types of questions and how they should be worded are addressed, and many good examples of the different types of questions that could go into a questionnaire are presented. This resource is intended for novice evaluators.

Taylor-Powell, Ellen

1998-05-01

254

Correlates of Cadet Exposure to Research Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study was to discover what patterns of attitudes are associated with cadet perception of the frequency and usefulness of questionnaire surveys of cadet opinion. The responses of 150 cadets to the 1971 First Class Questionnaire were sca...

R. F. Priest

1975-01-01

255

Developing a Questionnaire on Attitude towards School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to develop a questionnaire to assess student attitudes towards school by describing the factors that affect these attitudes. For this purpose, a sample of 362 (11-13 years-old) elementary-school students was used. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The questionnaire consists of…

Seker, Hasan

2011-01-01

256

Applying Learning Strategy Questionnaires: Problems and Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses measuring learning strategies by means of questionnaires. In "multi-method" research, in which think-aloud measures are compared with questionnaires, low or moderate correlations are found. A conclusion often drawn is that learners are not able to verbally report on their learning activities. Alternative explanations…

Schellings, Gonny

2011-01-01

257

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)  

Cancer.gov

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) Arkela-Kautiainen et al. 2005 See reference #75 Methods Relation between the Finnish MDHAQ (Finn-MDHAQ) function

258

Transformational Leadership and the Leadership Performance of Oregon Secondary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of 118 secondary school principals in Oregon was conducted to examine the relationship of transformational leadership to secondary school principals' leadership performance. This study measured the transformational leadership of secondary school principals in Oregon using the "Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (5X-Short)" (Avolio &…

Breaker, Jason Lee

2009-01-01

259

PRINCIPALS' LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR AND SCHOOL LEARNING CULTURE IN EKITI STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effect of principal's leadership behaviour on school learning culture in some selected secondary schools in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was employed. The study population comprised all the secondary schools in Ekiti State. 65 schools were randomly selected out of 161 secondary schools in the state. The instrument used to collect data was questionnaire tagged

Olayele Florence OLUREMI

260

Questionnaire survey of physicians: Design and practical use in nephrology  

PubMed Central

As medicine grows in complexity, it is imperative for physicians to update their knowledge base and practice to reflect current standards of care. Postgraduate training offers a golden opportunity for resident physicians to create a strong foundation of concepts in medicine. There is a need for assessing the knowledge of residents regarding established clinical practice guidelines and their perceptions regarding patient care and management. In this paper, we review how questionnaire surveys can be designed and applied to identify significant gaps in resident knowledge and inappropriate attitudes and beliefs. This evaluation has important implications for program directors who can then initiate measures to improve resident education. Such efforts during residency training have the potential of improving patient outcomes. We discuss the design of the questionnaire, its pre-testing and validity measures, online distribution, efficient response collection, data analysis, and possible future research. Finally, we illustrate this method of educational research with a questionnaire survey designed to measure the awareness of chronic kidney disease among internal medicine residents.

Agrawal, Varun; Garimella, P. S.; Roshan, S. J.; Ghosh, A. K.

2009-01-01

261

The use of research questionnaires with hearing impaired adults: online vs. paper-and-pencil administration  

PubMed Central

Background When evaluating hearing rehabilitation, it is reasonable to use self-report questionnaires as outcome measure. Questionnaires used in audiological research are developed and validated for the paper-and-pencil format. As computer and Internet use is increasing, standardized questionnaires used in the audiological context should be evaluated to determine the viability of the online administration format. The aim of this study was to compare administration of questionnaires online versus paper- and pencil of four standardised questionnaires used in hearing research and clinic. We included the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE), the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA), Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL), and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods A cross-over design was used by randomly letting the participants complete the questionnaires either online or on paper. After 3 weeks the participants filled out the same questionnaires again but in the other format. A total of 65 hearing-aid users were recruited from a hearing clinic to participate on a voluntary basis and of these 53 completed both versions of the questionnaires. Results A significant main effect of format was found on the HHIE (p < 0.001), with participants reporting higher scores on the online format than in the paper format. There was no interaction effect. For the other questionnaires were no significant main or interaction effects of format. Significant correlations between the two ways of presenting the measures was found for all questionnaires (p<0.05). The results from reliability tests showed Cronbachs ?’s above .70 for all four questionnaires and differences in Cronbachs ? between administration formats were negligible. Conclusions For three of the four included questionnaires the participants’ scores remained consistent across administrations and formats. For the fourth included questionnaire (HHIE) a significant difference of format with a small effect size was found. The relevance of the difference in scores between the formats depends on which context the questionnaire is used in. On balance, it is recommended that the administration format remain stable across assessment points.

2012-01-01

262

Primary and Secondary Sources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use these links to learn more about primary and secondary sources. 1. Explore the links below to learn about primary and secondary sources. When you have finished, you should be able to: Tell the difference between primary and secondary sources. Give at least three examples of primary sources and three examples of secondary sources. Explain why primary sources are important in research. Examples of Primary Sources Examples of Primary and Secondary Sources on the Same Topic Genres/Formats of Primary Sources 2. ...

Bates, Albion M.

2010-01-23

263

Patient questionnaires in rheumatoid arthritis: advantages and limitations as a quantitative, standardized scientific medical history.  

PubMed

In many chronic diseases, objective gold standard measures such as blood pressure, cholesterol, and bone densitometry often provide most of the information used to establish a diagnosis and guide therapy. By contrast, in inflammatory rheumatic diseases, information from a patient history usually is considerably more prominent in clinical management. Patient history data can be recorded as standardized, quantitative scientific data through use of validated self-reported questionnaires. Patient questionnaires address the primary concerns of patients and their families. Questionnaire scores distinguish active from control treatments in clinical trials at similar levels to swollen and tender joint counts or laboratory tests. Patient questionnaire data are correlated significantly with joint counts, radiographic scores, and laboratory tests, but usually are far more significant than these measures in the prognosis of severe outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including work disability, costs, and premature death. Limitations of patient questionnaires are based on cultural features involving variation in responses among ethnic groups, and a need for translation, although translated questionnaires can be as valuable as a translator. Patient questionnaires do not replace further medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and imaging data, and they require interpretation in a context of these standard sources of information at any clinical encounter. Patient questionnaires are useful to monitor patient status in usual clinical care, with almost no effort on the part of the physician and staff if distributed by the receptionist in the infrastructure of office practice. PMID:19962618

Pincus, Theodore; Yazici, Yusuf; Bergman, Martin J

2009-11-01

264

Academic job satisfaction questionnaire: Construction and validation in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background: Colleges and universities are becoming increasingly accountable for teaching outcomes in order to meet rigorous accreditation standards. Job satisfaction (JS) seems more difficult to measure in the academic field in view of the complexity of roles, duties and responsibilities. Objectives: To compile and determine the psychometric properties of a proposed Academic Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (AJSQ) suitable for university faculty, and amenable to future upgrading. Materials and Methods: A 46-item five-option Likert-type draft questionnaire on JS was distributed for anonymous self-reporting by all the academic staff of five colleges in University of Dammam (n=340). The outcome measures were (1) factor analysis of the questionnaire items, (2) intra-factor ?-Coefficient of Internal Consistency Reliability, (3) inter-factor correlations, (4) comparison of psychometric properties in separately analyzed main faculty subgroups. Results: The response rate was 72.9 percent. Factor analysis extracted eight factors which conjointly explained 60.3 percent of the variance in JS. These factors, in descending order of eigenvalue, were labeled “Authority”, “Supervision”, “Policies and Facilities”, “My Work Itself”, “Interpersonal Relationships”, “Commitment”, “Salary” and “Workload”. Cronbach's-? ranged from 0.90 in Supervision to 0.63 in Salary and Workload. All inter-factor correlations were positive and significant, ranging from 0.65 to 0.23. The psychometric properties of the instrument in separately analyzed subgroups divided by sex, nationality, college and clinical duties produced fairly comparable findings. Conclusion: The AJSQ demonstrated good overall psychometric properties in terms of construct validity and internal consistency reliability in both the overall sample and its separately analyzed subgroups. Recommendation: To replicate these findings in larger multicenter samples of academic staff.

Al-Rubaish, Abdullah M.; Rahim, Sheikh Idris A.; Abumadini, Mahdi S.; Wosornu, Lade

2011-01-01

265

Abortion and Child Cognitive Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December 1989, following the fall of communism in Romania, the ban on access to abortion and birth controls methods was lifted. This paper attempts to analyze the educational achievements of children affected by the lift of this ban, using administrative data of secondary school admission exam scores and placement outcomes. We find robust evidence that children born after the

Cristian Pop-Eleches

2009-01-01

266

The relationship of observed maternal behavior to questionnaire measures of parenting knowledge, attitudes, and emotional state in adolescent mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although relationships have been found between maternal psychological characteristics and cognitive and emotional outcomes in children, the behaviors which may mediate these relationships are seldom examined. This is especially true for adolescent mothers, whose children are thought to be at high risk for adverse outcomes. In this study, adolescent mothers in two special programs completed questionnaires measuring perception of the

Linda LeResche; Donna Strobino; Peggy Parks; Pamela Fischer; Vincent Smeriglio

1983-01-01

267

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People with liver disease should not take this product unless directed by a ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

268

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – This product may make ulcers worse. ... This product may make ulcers worse. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

269

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – People who consume more than 3 alcohol-containing drinks per day should ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

270

Questionnaire Issued by the Co-Chairmen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This questionnaire has been designed to obtain information about national plans for the reprocessing of spent fuel, plutonium management and recycling in order to provide a statistical background and assist in the work of Working Group 4. The majority of ...

1978-01-01

271

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – A person who is allergic to aspirin should not use this product. Statistics. N. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

272

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product does not reduce fever. ... This product does not reduce fever. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

273

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – When you first read the label, would you say your attention was focused ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

274

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People with stomach ulcers can use this product. Statistics. N. Valid. Missing ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

275

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Means a lot to me. Statistics. N. ... Means a lot to me, 303, 0. Means a lot to me. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

276

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... 303, 0. Imagine you have a child, age 15. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

277

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – Know when to stop taking the drug. ... Know when to stop taking the drug. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

278

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – You should not take this product within 24 hours of consuming alcohol. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

279

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

280

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

281

Compilation of Air Toxics Emission Inventory Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To assist States and local agencies, The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed programs to address the status of the air toxics problem in their localities. The document provides example questionnaires used by several State and local agencie...

1988-01-01

282

Evaluating Multilingual Questionnaires: A Sociolinguistic Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study aims to develop an assessment tool to evaluate multilingual questionnaires by categorizing the types of translation issues that can lead to measurement errors in crosscultural surveys. Based on the results of two multilingual projects that cogn...

M. Fond Y. Pan

2011-01-01

283

The Construction and Usage of Simple Questionnaires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This memorandum provides a brief guide to the construction and usage of simple questionnaires to collect opinions on various topics. Although it is devoted primarily to user trials of aircrew equipment, many of the principles discussed are common to other...

M. F. Allnutt C. B. Bolton

1975-01-01

284

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – This product can be given to children over age 16. ... False, 16, 5.3, 5.3, 92.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

285

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How important would it be for someone to read all the information on the ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

286

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – What about a person who is considering taking this product but is under a doctor's care for high ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

287

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Divided Attention – How much do you like the format or layout of the label? Statistics. N. Valid. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

288

Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Pain Reliever Questionnaire Items: Focused Attention – People taking medications for high blood pressure should ask a doctor ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

289

The Psychometric Properties of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Given the potential benefits of understanding how climate may influence individuals' motivational outcomes, there exists a need for instrumentation measuring exercise setting climates. The purpose of this study was to validate further the psychometric properties of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire (Huddleston, Fry &…

Brown, Theresa C.; Fry, Mary D.; Little, Todd D.

2013-01-01

290

A systematic review of the psychometric properties of the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) is a disease-specific measure of self-reported symptom severity and functional status. It is frequently used in the reporting of outcomes from trials into interventions for carpal tunnel syndrome. We conducted a systematic review of published studies on the psychometric properties of the BCTQ to determine the level of evidence on the instrument's validity,

Jose Leite; Christina Jerosch-Herold; Fujian Song

2006-01-01

291

National questionnaire survey on what influences doctors' decisions about admission to intensive care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine what influences doctors' decisions about admission of patients to intensive care. Design National questionnaire survey using eight clinical vignettes involving hypothetical patients. Setting Switzerland. Participants 402 Swiss doctors specialising in intensive care. Main outcome measures Rating of factors influencing decisions on admission and response to eight hypothetical clinical scenarios. Results Of 381 doctors agreeing to participate, 232

Monica Escher; Thomas V Perneger; Jean-Claude Chevrolet

2004-01-01

292

Reliability and validity of the French version of the 18-item Karasek job content questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have shown that job strain, a combination of high psychological demands and low decision latitude, may be involved in the development of cardiovascular diseases and other health outcomes. In 1985, Karasek recommended a standard questionnaire to measure psychological demands (nine items) and job decision latitude (nine items). The internal consistency, factorial validity, discriminant validity, and 1-year stability of

Chantal Brisson; Caty Blanchette; Chantal Guimont; Guylaine Dion; Jocelyne Moisan; Michel Vézina; Gilles R. Dagenais; Lousie M?sse

1998-01-01

293

Problems in Using Health Survey Questionnaires in Older Patients with Physical Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The SF-36 Health Survey questionnaire has been proposed as a generic measure of health outcome. However, poor rates of return and high levels of missing data have been found in elderly subjects and, even with face-to-face interview, reliability and validity may still be disappointing, particularly in cognitively impaired patients. These patients may be the very patients whose quality of

Anne E. Ball; Elizabeth M. Russell; D. Gwyn Seymour; William R. Primrose; Andrew M. Garratt

2001-01-01

294

Development and Validation of the Subjective Awareness of Neuropsychological Deficits Questionnaire for Children (SAND-C)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although lowered awareness of abilities has been associated with poorer outcome in adults with neurological compromise, a dearth of research exists examining whether lowered awareness exists in younger populations. Using findings from recent literature and expert opinion, a 47-item Subjective Awareness of Neuropsychological Deficits Questionnaire for Children (SAND-C) was created to assess awareness of cognitive functioning in 6 domains (attention,

Bradley J. Hufford; Philip S. Fastenau

2005-01-01

295

Validation issues in questionnaires for diagnosis and monitoring of gastroesophageal reflux disease in children.  

PubMed

Pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is common in infants and children; diagnosis is often based on symptom presentation. This paper reviews psychometric characteristics and approaches to validation of currently available pediatric GERD questionnaires. Patient-reported outcomes allow disease and treatment to be characterized in meaningful ways to patients and clinicians. Outcome measures must demonstrate reliability and validity for use in practice and in clinical trials. Reliability assesses the consistency of measures, whereas validity examines whether the instrument measures what it is purported to measure. Development of questionnaires for use with children also requires consideration regarding the respondent. Measures of pediatric GERD symptoms include the GERQ, GERQ-R, and GSQ. These measures have advantages and disadvantages with regard to feasibility, reliability, and validity. Questionnaires are lacking for children older than 4 years. PMID:16764789

Kleinman, Leah; Revicki, Dennis A; Flood, Emuella

2006-06-01

296

Scaling of Secondary Craters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Secondary craters are common features around fresh planetary-scale primary impact craters throughout most of the Solar System. They derive from the ejection phase of crater formation, thus secondary scaling relations provide constraints on parameters affe...

S. K. Croft

1991-01-01

297

Head injuries, factors associated, outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionRoad traffic accidents are a major cause of injury and trauma in Uganda, of which head injuries are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among casualties.ObjectivesTo determine the leading cause of head injuries, factors associated and the outcomes.MethodsA retrospective study was carried out. Pretested questionnaires were filled in from the Records department on patients with head injuries in the

D Busingye; E Bua

2010-01-01

298

Developing a Measure of Appraisal: A Psychometric Analysis of the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Objective :? To develop a questionnaire measure of appraisals for parents of children with a cleft (the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire) and to investigate the ability of the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire to predict variance in parental well-being. Design, Participants, Setting :? The study used a cross-sectional postal and online questionnaire design with a retest component involving parents of children with a cleft lip and/or palate. Data are presented for 179 parents, predominantly women (74.9%), aged 22 to 58 years. Main Outcome Measures :? Participants completed the appraisal measure under development; other measures of psychological well-being, social support, and socially desirable responding; and demographic information. Results :? Overall, the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire was found to have a coherent factor structure, good internal reliability, and good test-retest reliability. The Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire was also found to predict a significant amount of unique variance in well-being over and above the variance predicted by demographic, social support, and social desirability variables. Conclusions :? Parental appraisals, measured by the Parental Appraisal of Cleft Questionnaire, were found to predict unique variance in well-being. These findings are discussed in relation to adjustment to cleft lip and/or palate for parents. Directions for future research are outlined and the implications for clinical practice and services are discussed. PMID:23394316

Shuttlewood, Emma; Dalton, Louise; Cooper, Myra

2013-02-01

299

Parental Functional Health Literacy Relates to Skip Pattern Questionnaire Error and to Child Oral Health  

PubMed Central

The study's purpose was to determine if parental dental functional-health-literacy (FHL) related to child oral health; a secondary aim was to assess if errors in completing the questionnaire related to FHL and child oral health. Parents of pediatric clinic children (N=101) completed questionnaires; dental caries indices were recorded. Higher FHL was negatively correlated with worse child caries (r=-0.23), but not subjective oral health. Mean FHL seemed to differ by skip pattern (p=0.087), indicating it may be a potential FHL proxy.

Garrett, Gail M.; Citi, Alicia M.; Gansky, Stuart A.

2012-01-01

300

Development and testing of the modified version of the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire (PFSDQ-M)  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Describe the process of development and testing to reduce the Pulmonary Functional Status and Dyspnea Questionnaire (PFSDQ) from 164 items to a modified questionnaire (the PFSDQ-M) consisting of 40 items.DESIGN: Instrument development and testing for reliability, validity, and practicality.SETTING: Hospital-based outpatients.PATIENTS: Testing was done on three groups of clinically stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a secondary analysis

Suzanne C. Lareau; Paula M. Meek; Philip J. Roos

1998-01-01

301

Polish adaptation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Brace and Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire-Deformity are relatively new tools aimed\\u000a at facilitating the evaluation of long-term results of therapy in persons with idiopathic scoliosis undergoing conservative\\u000a treatment. To use these tools properly in Poland, they must be translated into Polish and adapted to the Polish cultural settings.\\u000a The process of cultural adaptation of the questionnaires was

Ewa Misterska; Maciej G?owacki; Jerzy Harasymczuk

2009-01-01

302

Electronic pain questionnaires: A randomized, crossover comparison with paper questionnaires for chronic pain assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic questionnaires for pain assessment are becoming increasingly popular. There have been no published reports to establish the equivalence or psychometric properties of common pain questionnaires administered via desktop computers. This study compared responses to paper (P) and touch screen electronic (E) versions of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) and Pain Disability Index (PDI), while examining the role of

Andrew J Cook; David A Roberts; Michael D Henderson; Lisa C Van Winkle; Dania C Chastain; Robin J Hamill-Ruth

2004-01-01

303

Microsurgical repair and secondary surgery in obstetrical brachial plexus palsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a personal experience with 750 children suffering from obstetrical brachial plexus palsy. The related surgery is described, including early microsurgical nerve reconstruction and secondary procedures including tendon and muscle transfers. The clinical examination, indications and timing for surgery, technical details of primary and secondary operations and the possible outcome are discussed. Both clinical and research work need an

Jörg Bahm; Hassan Noaman; Claudia Ocampo-Pavez

2005-01-01

304

Literature Review on Improving Secondary Vocational Education Effectiveness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current demand for educational excellence is an outgrowth of recent national reports criticizing secondary education. This push for academic excellence also affects vocational education outcomes. A growing consensus seems to be emerging that at the secondary level (1) vocational education should be integrated with academic education, (2)…

Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR. Education and Work Program.

305

Secondary Victimization of Crime Victims by Criminal Proceedings  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is conceivable that criminal proceedings cause psychological harm to the crime victims involved, that is, cause secondary victimization. To investigate this hypothesis, negative and positive effects of criminal proceedings were investigated, as perceived by 137 victims of violent crimes who were involved in trials several years previously. Trial outcome and procedure variables were measured as potential causes of secondary

Uli Orth

2002-01-01

306

Digital Transition Portfolios for Secondary Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Transition services for secondary students with disabilities are defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) as a coordinated set of activities contained in a results-oriented process to improve educational and functional outcomes. The most popular strategy used to prepare secondary students with high-incidence…

Black, Jenn

2010-01-01

307

Outcomes Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morbidity and mortality rates among patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease remain unacceptably high in spite of\\u000a recent advances in medicine and technology. Differences in patient outcomes exist among the industrialized countries and are\\u000a partly explained by variances in clinical practice. Outcomes research has been the primary methodology used to more fully\\u000a investigate the root causes for practice variation.

Laura D. Byham-Gray

308

Reliability of Questionnaires to Assess the Healthy Eating and Activity Environment of a Child's Home and School  

PubMed Central

Childhood overweight and obesity are a growing concern globally, and environments, including the home and school, can contribute to this epidemic. This paper assesses the reliability of two questionnaires (parent and teacher) used in the evaluation of a community-based childhood obesity prevention intervention, the eat well be active (ewba) Community Programs. Parents and teachers were recruited from two primary schools and they completed the same questionnaire twice in 2008 and 2009. Data from both questionnaires were classified into outcomes relevant to healthy eating and activity, and target outcomes, based on the goals of the ewba Community Programs, were identified. Fourteen and 12 outcomes were developed from the parent and teacher questionnaires, respectively. Sixty parents and 28 teachers participated in the reliability study. Intraclass correlation coefficients for outcomes ranged from 0.37 to 0.92 (parent) (P < 0.05) and from 0.42 to 0.86 (teacher) (P < 0.05). Internal consistency, measured by Cronbach's alpha, of teacher scores ranged from 0.11 to 0.91 and 0.13 to 0.78 for scores from the parent questionnaire. The parent and teacher questionnaires are moderately reliable tools for simultaneously assessing child intakes, environments, attitudes, and knowledge associated with healthy eating and physical activity in the home and school and may be useful for evaluation of similar programs.

Magarey, Anthea; Mastersson, Nadia

2013-01-01

309

Deep brain stimulation for dystonia: patient selection and outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a literature survey, 341 patients with primary and 109 with secondary dystonias treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi) were identified. In general, the outcomes for primary dystonias were more favourable compared to the secondary forms. For some secondary dystonias--like tardive dystonia, myoclonus-dystonia (M-D), NBIA (PANK2), the outcome was very good.

J. D. Speelman; M. F. Contarino; P. R. Schuurman; M. A. J. Tijssen; Bie de R. M. A

2010-01-01

310

Constructive Thinking and Burnout among Secondary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the relationship between Epstein’s (1998, Constructive thinking: The key to emotional intelligence. London: Praeger publisher.) components of constructive thinking and burnout as experienced by a sample of Dutch secondary\\u000a school teachers. A postal questionnaire was sent to teachers from randomly selected secondary schools. The response rate was\\u000a 54.1% (N=433). Four components of constructive thinking significantly contributed

Will Evers; Welko Tomic; André Brouwers

2005-01-01

311

The Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Neck Pain and Upper Limb Pain among Secondary School Teachers in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and occupational risk factors of neck and upper limb disorders among secondary school teachers.\\u000a Methods: One hundred secondary schools in Hong Kong were randomly chosen. Every full-time teacher received a questionnaire and a letter\\u000a describing the purpose of the study. Questionnaires were collected 1 to 3 weeks later. Results: Among 3,100 secondary school teachers, the

Thomas T. W. Chiu; Peggo K. W. Lam

2007-01-01

312

High intensity exercise or conventional exercise for patients with rheumatoid arthritis?: outcome expectations of patients, rheumatologists, and physiotherapists  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcome expectations of RA patients, rheumatologists, and physiotherapists regarding high intensity exercise programmes compared with conventional exercise programmes. METHODS: An exercise outcome expectations questionnaire was administered to 807 RA patients, 153 rheumatologists, and 624 physiotherapists. The questionnaire consisted of four statements regarding positive and negative outcomes of high intensity exercise programmes and four similar statements for

M. Munneke; Z. de Jong; A. H. Zwinderman; H. K. Ronday; C. H. M. van den Ende; T. P. M. Vliet Vlieland; J. M. W. Hazes

2004-01-01

313

Secondary power systems  

SciTech Connect

In aeronautical engineering secondary power systems have long played second fiddle to the airframe, the engine, and indeed, the avionics. This collection of papers is thus timely, and its publication by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers appropriate, as secondary power systems in modern aircraft present challenging mechanical engineering problems. In military aircraft demands for electrical and hydraulic power and high pressure air have grown over the past two decades. To these basic needs are added requirements for emergency power, ground power, and independent engine starting. Additionally increased reliability and maintainability is demanded from all secondary power systems. Complete contents: What is a secondary power system. Modern technology secondary power systems for next generation military aircraft; Integrated power units; Secondary power system gearbox; Starting the system - air turbine starters; Auxiliary and emergency power system; Secondary hydraulic power generation; Advanced technology electrical power generation equipment.

Not Available

1985-01-01

314

Measuring Orthodontic Treatment Satisfaction: Questionnaire Development and Preliminary Validation  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aims of this study were to develop a reliable self-report measure of consumer satisfaction with orthodontic treatment, and to preliminarily assess its validity. Method Transcripts of qualitative interviews with patients, their parents, and practicing orthodontists together with items from existing dental satisfaction questionnaires were used to develop a pool of 41 items assessing satisfaction with various aspects of orthodontic care. These items were paired with five-point Likert scales (1=strongly disagree, 5=strongly agree) and were administered to 299 parents of children who had completed orthodontic treatment at two university-based clinics. Results Factor analyses and reliability analyses identified three main subscales with high reliabilities: 13 items assessing satisfaction with treatment process (Cronbach’s alpha=.92), seven items assessing satisfaction with psychosocial effects of treatment (Cronbach’s alpha=.87), and five items assessing satisfaction with overall treatment outcome (Cronbach’s alpha=. 79). Relationships among these three subscales and pre- and posttreatment variables were examined in a subset of 86 parent/patients. Forward stepwise regression with backward overlook revealed no significant relationships between any satisfaction subscale and demographic variables. Posttreatment overjet was inversely related to parental satisfaction with orthodontic treatment process (R2=.13; P<.001), and parent satisfaction with treatment outcome (R2=.28; P<.0001). Improvement in esthetics as measured by improvement in IOTN Aesthetic Component scores was positively related to satisfaction with psychosocial outcomes (R2=.28; P<.0001). Conclusions The present instrument is reliable and can be used to assess three dimensions of parental satisfaction with their child‘s orthodontic treatment. Relationships between visible orthodontic outcome variables and parent satisfaction provide preliminary validity support for the instrument.

Bennett, M. Elizabeth; Vig, Katherine W. L.; Phillips, Ceib L.

2013-01-01

315

75 FR 30364 - Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection; Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire AGENCY: Forest Service, USDA. ACTION...information collection, Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. DATES: Comments must be received...INFORMATION: Title: Outreach Opportunity Questionnaire. OMB Number: 0596-0207....

2010-06-01

316

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2010-04-01

317

19 CFR 207.63 - Circulation of draft questionnaires.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Circulation of draft questionnaires. 207.63 Section 207.63...207.63 Circulation of draft questionnaires. (a) The Director shall circulate draft questionnaires to the parties for comment in...

2009-04-01

318

Convergent Validity of the Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS) Physical Activity Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

The Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS) is a multicenter project for assessing the lifestyle habits of Arab adolescents. This study reports on the convergent validity of the physical activity questionnaire used in ATLS against an electronic pedometer. Participants were 39 males and 36 females randomly selected from secondary schools, with a mean age of 16.1 ± 1.1 years. ATLS self-reported questionnaire was validated against the electronic pedometer for three consecutive weekdays. Mean steps counts were 6,866 ± 3,854 steps/day with no significant gender difference observed. Questionnaire results showed no significant gender differences in time spent on total or moderate-intensity activities. However, males spent significantly more time than females on vigorous-intensity activity. The correlation of steps counts with total time spent on all activities by the questionnaire was 0.369. Relationship of steps counts was higher with vigorous-intensity (r = 0.338) than with moderate-intensity activity (r = 0.265). Pedometer steps counts showed higher correlations with time spent on walking (r = 0.350) and jogging (r = 0.383) than with the time spent on other activities. Active participants, based on pedometer assessment, were also most active by the questionnaire. It appears that ATLS questionnaire is a valid instrument for assessing habitual physical activity among Arab adolescents.

Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M.; Al-Sobayel, Hana I.; Musaiger, Abdulrahman O.

2011-01-01

319

The Swindon Foot and Ankle Questionnaire: Is a Picture Worth a Thousand Words?  

PubMed Central

Objectives. Despite increased awareness of the high prevalence and significance of foot and ankle problems in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), feet remain neglected. Reasons may include the perception that feet are difficult to assess, they are not included in the DAS28, and lack of freely available foot screening tools specific for RA. Methods. The Swindon Foot and Ankle Questionnaire (SFAQ) is a simply worded 10-point foot and ankle screening questionnaire with diagrams of feet and ankles for use in general rheumatology outpatients. All RA patients on our electronic database were invited to complete the questionnaire and attend clinic for assessment. Patients assessed clinically were scored out of 10 using the parameters from the questionnaire. The SFAQ was compared to the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index (MFPDI), DAS28, HAQ, HAD, and OSRA scores. Results. 597 questionnaires were sent, 301 (50%) returned, and 137 seen in clinic. There was good correlation between the postal SFAQ score, clinic score (r = 0.63), and the MFPDI (r = 0.65). Neither of the foot scores correlated with other RA disease outcome measures. 75% patients completed the picture. 73% corresponded to clinical findings. 45% of patients required an intervention following clinical review and trended towards higher scores. Conclusions. The SFAQ was quick to complete and correlated with the MFPDI. Lack of association with standard RA outcome measures suggests that relying on these scores alone may miss foot pathology. The diagrams were a useful complement. This simple screening tool could aid identification of RA foot and ankle problems.

Waller, Rosemary; Manuel, Peter; Williamson, Lyn

2012-01-01

320

Reliability of the Conflict Resolution Questionnaire: Considerations for Using and Developing Internet-Based Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current information age, there is a growing use of and reliance on the Internet. One area of concern for educators is the communication of information using an electronic questionnaire interface. Therefore, it seems pertinent to look at the issue of dissemination of Internet questionnaire information and the integrity of this process.…

Henning, Marcus

2004-01-01

321

Validation Studies of the The Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ)/Pima Indian Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Validation Studies of the The Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ)/Pima Indian Questionnaire Kriska et al. 1990 See reference #44 Methods Relationships between the MAQ and past wk Caltrac activity monitor (counts/h) at test and retest (Spearman correlations) Sample 17

322

A Study of Factors that Influence Response Rate Using a Questionnaire on Questionnaires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To discover factors which contribute to a high response rate for questionnaire surveys, the preferences of 150 college teachers and teaching assistants were studied. Four different questionnaire formats using 34 common items were sent to the subjects: open-ended; Likert-type (five points, from "strong influence to return," to "strong influence…

Leitner, Dennis W.; And Others

323

Psychosocial, feeding, and drooling outcomes in children with Beckwith Wiedemann syndrome following tongue reduction surgery.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE : Macroglossia is a common feature of Beckwith Wiedemann Syndrome (BWS). Tongue reduction surgery (TRS) is advocated to overcome, or reduce, the secondary effects of macroglossia. Macroglossia may affect a child's cosmetic appearance, feeding, and drooling function. However, no study has systematically reported on feeding, drooling, or psychosocial outcomes preoperatively and postoperatively in this group. This study aimed to describe the presurgical and postsurgical psychosocial, feeding, and drooling outcomes of children with macroglossia associated with BWS and to determine the effect of TRS on these areas. DESIGN : Clinical cohort study. PARTICIPANTS : Ten consecutively admitted children with BWS (age at surgery from 9 months to 4 years, 9 months [4;9]; mean, 2;7) were assessed preoperatively, 3 months postoperatively, and at long-term follow-up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES : A parental report questionnaire, the Brodsky drooling scale, and a feeding rating scale. RESULTS : Parents reported that macroglossia had a negative impact cosmetically that was ameliorated following surgery. Macroglossia caused a range of feeding difficulties presurgically by preventing lip seal and bolus manipulation during the oral preparatory phase. Excessive drooling was present in all cases presurgically. This resolved partially across the group postsurgically, with almost complete recovery at longer-term follow-up assessment. CONCLUSIONS : Presurgically, children show a common profile of feeding and drooling impairment with negative effects on cosmetic appearance. Our preliminary results demonstrate that TRS has a positive impact on these features with good outcomes for children with BWS. PMID:21905916

Shipster, C; Morgan, A; Dunaway, D

2011-09-09

324

Making Sense of the Role Category Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite over 30 years of review and analysis, researchers still are unclear as to what W.H. Crockett's Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) of interpersonal differentiation actually measures. Among the constructivists, at least four different explanations have been advanced. The "orthodox" interpretation holds that the RCQ constitutes a…

Leichty, Greg

325

Development of the Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: We aimed toevaluatethe psychometric properties of the Subjective Memory Complaints Questionnaire (SMCQ). Methods: The reliability of the SMCQ was evaluated by testing its internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Pearson correlation analyses were performed to assess the concurrent validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the construct validity. Diagnostic ability for dementia was tested with receiver operator characteristic curve

Jong Chul Youn; Ki Woong Kim; Dong Young Lee; Jin Hyeong Jhoo; Seok Bum Lee; Joon Hyuk Park; Eun Ae Choi; Jin Yeong Choe; Ji Woon Jeong; Il Han Choo; Jong Inn Woo

2009-01-01

326

Mobile questionnaires for user experience evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As user experience studies move from laboratories to mobile context, we need tools for collecting data in natural settings. Based on the results from a pilot study, we present early guidelines for designing mobile questionnaires to be filled in on handheld, palm-sized mobile devices. We found that special attention needs to be paid to the clarity and simplicity of the

Heli Väätäjä; Virpi Roto

2010-01-01

327

Using Response Reliability to Guide Questionnaire Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Often in recent years, Census Bureau staff working on demographic surveys have wanted to expand upon laboratory research by conducting split-sample field experiments to compare different questionnaire design strategies, wording, sequencing, etc. In most cases, the only available option has been to piggyback onto one of the large demographic surveys in production mode, which typically presents many constraints and

Keith A. Albright; Jennifer W. Reichert; Leslie R. Flores

1999-01-01

328

Questionnaire study to Japanese SIDS families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. Method: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association, Japan. The bereaved parents were asked to reply as to

Toshiko Sawaguchi; Syunpei Yokota; Shigeru Nishimaki; Tomohisa Mori; Hiroshi Nishida; Stephanie Fukui

2004-01-01

329

Questionnaire study to Japanese SIDS families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To clarify the situation of the incidence of the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Japan to provide the basis for health administration training. Method: The questionnaire study about the circumstances and responses in discovering the death of a SIDS infant was carried out by the SIDS Family Association Japan. The bereaved parents were asked to reply as to

Toshiko Sawaguchi; Syunpei Yokota; Shigeru Nishimaki; Tomohisa Mori; Hiroshi Nishida; Stephanie Fukui

2003-01-01

330

Frequencies for Cough/ Cold Questionnaire Items - Label ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Frequencies for Cough/ Cold Questionnaire Items - Label Ranked #12. Label ranked #12. Frequency. ... 687, 15, 3.3, 3.3, 95.4. 241, 12, 2.6, 2.6, 98.0. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/developmentresources

331

Questionnaire assessment of the welfare of pigs.  

PubMed

A questionnaire study was performed involving 76 farms with a total of 380,207 pigs to assess the welfare of pigs kept in Hungary based on the animal welfare legislation of the European Union. Most significant deficiencies were found in the fulfillment of the provisions relating to space requirements, the stall microclimate and the behavioural needs of the animals. PMID:11402682

Horváth, G; Visnyei, L

2001-01-01

332

Selective Mutism Questionnaire: Measurement Structure and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Selective Mutism Questionnaire (SMQ) are evaluated using a clinical sample of children with selective mutism (SM). The study shows that SMQ is useful in determining the severity of a child's nonspeaking behaviors, the scope of these behaviors and necessary follow up assessment.

Letamendi, Andrea M.; Chavira, Denise A.; Hitchcock, Carla A.; Roesch, Scott C.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Stein, Murray B.

2008-01-01

333

Making Sense of the Role Category Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite over 30 years of review and analysis, researchers still are unclear as to what W.H. Crockett's Role Category Questionnaire (RCQ) of interpersonal differentiation actually measures. Among the constructivists, at least four different explanations have been advanced. The "orthodox" interpretation holds that the RCQ constitutes a…

Leichty, Greg

334

PAQ database: Central Sweden Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Central Sweden Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Norman A, Bellocco R, Bergstrom A, Wolk A. Validity and reproducibility of self-reported total physical activity--differences by relative weight. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2001 May;25(5):682-8. Physical

335

Teacher Questionnaire [ETS Head Start Longitudinal Study].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 147-item questionnaire was used to collect data on those Head Start and other preschool teachers who were teaching Longitudinal Study target children. Areas of requested information included: demographic characteristics, education and experience, attitudes toward minority-groups and economically disadvanted children's motivation and learning…

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.

336

Construct Validity of the Social Coping Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Social coping Questionnaire (SCQ) measures strategies used by gifted adolescents to minimize the negative effect they believe their high ability has on their social interactions. Previous studies have supported the factor structure, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the SCQ. The current study provides construct validity…

Swiatek, Mary Ann; Cross, Tracy L.

2007-01-01

337

A physical activity questionnaire: Reproducibility and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the Quantification de L'Activite Physique en Altitude chez les Enfants (QAPACE) supervised self- administered questionnaire reproducibility and validity on the estimation of the mean daily energy expenditure (DEE) on Bogotá's schoolchildren. The comprehension was assessed on 324 students, whereas the reproducibility was studied on a dif- ferent random sample of 162 who were exposed twice to it.

Nicolas Barbosa; Carlos E. Sanchez; Jose A. Vera; Wilson Perez; Jean-Christophe Thalabard; Michel Rieu

2007-01-01

338

Assessing Caregiver Information Needs: A Brief Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diagnostic evaluation for a person with suspected Alzheimer's disease is usually initiated by family members whose concerns go beyond strictly medical issues. To determine precisely what questions families want answered, a 15-point questionnaire was developed at a multi-disciplinary geriatric assessment clinic. Caregivers were asked to rate each…

Simonton, Linda J.; Haugland, S. M.

339

An intelligent questionnaire analysis expert system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the questionnaire analysis, how to find a statistically significant difference between two or more groups in a continuous measure is one of the major problems in researches. However, it is difficult for researchers to solve the issue of finding possible statistically significant difference. There are two causes of this issue. The one is that the process of finding the

Yian-Shu Chu; Shian-shyong Tseng; Yu-jie Tsai; Ren-jei Luo

2009-01-01

340

An Evaluation of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on two studies investigating the utility of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire (LDQ), which was developed to provide a brief evaluation instrument in drug abuse treatment centers. Results from both studies reveal that the LDQ possesses good internal consistency and reliability. (Author/GCP)|

Lennings, C. J.

1999-01-01

341

Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

2013-01-01

342

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

A questionnaire measure of Sexual Interest is described; in construction and scoring, the authors have borrowed from the Sexual Orientation Method. Five subscale scores relating to different areas of sexual behavior can be measured, and an overall Sexual Interest score obtained. The measure is fully described, and preliminary data on internal consistency, reliability, and validity are presented. Applications of the

J. J. M. Harbison; P. Joan Graham; J. T. Quinn; H. McAllister; R. Woodward

1974-01-01

343

Questionnaire for Identifying Writer's Block (QIWB).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to identify students with writer's block, this measure is an attitude questionnaire of 24 items separated into five subscales: blocking, lateness, premature editing, strategies for complexity, and attitudes. If teachers or researchers wish simply to identify blockers, they can administer only the items within the behavioral…

Rose, Mike

344

PAQ database: Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Single Question Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Rose SB, Elley CR, Lawton BA, Dowell AC. A single question reliably identifies physically inactive women in primary care. N Z Med J 2008 Jan 25;121(1268):U2897. [View Abstract] "As a rule, do you do

345

Financial Stress and Outcomes after Acute Myocardial Infarction  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about the association between financial stress and health care outcomes. Our objective was to examine the association between self-reported financial stress during initial hospitalization and long-term outcomes after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Materials and Methods We used Prospective Registry Evaluating Myocardial Infarction: Event and Recovery (PREMIER) data, an observational, multicenter US study of AMI patients discharged between January 2003 and June 2004. Primary outcomes were disease-specific and generic health status outcomes at 1 year (symptoms, function, and quality of life (QoL)), assessed by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire [SAQ] and Short Form [SF]-12. Secondary outcomes included 1-year rehospitalization and 4-year mortality. Hierarchical regression models accounted for patient socio-demographic, clinical, and quality of care characteristics, and access and barriers to care. Results Among 2344 AMI patients, 1241 (52.9%) reported no financial stress, 735 (31.4%) reported low financial stress, and 368 (15.7%) reported high financial stress. When comparing individuals reporting low financial stress to no financial stress, there were no significant differences in post-AMI outcomes. In contrast, individuals reporting high financial stress were more likely to have worse physical health (SF-12 PCS mean difference ?3.24, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: ?4.82, ?1.66), mental health (SF-12 MCS mean difference: ?2.44, 95% CI: ?3.83, ?1.05), disease-specific QoL (SAQ QoL mean difference: ?6.99, 95% CI: ?9.59, ?4.40), and be experiencing angina (SAQ Angina Relative Risk?=?1.66, 95%CI: 1.19, 2.32) at 1 year post-AMI. While 1-year readmission rates were increased (Hazard Ratio?=?1.50; 95%CI: 1.20, 1.86), 4-year mortality was no different. Conclusions High financial stress is common and an important risk factor for worse long-term outcomes post-AMI, independent of access and barriers to care.

Shah, Sachin J.; Krumholz, Harlan M.; Reid, Kimberly J.; Rathore, Saif S.; Mandawat, Aditya; Spertus, John A.; Ross, Joseph S.

2012-01-01

346

Pain management outcomes for hospitalized Hispanic patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of the study were to describe outcomes of pain management and predictors of patient satisfaction in a minority sample. By using a survey design, 3 instruments were used to collect data: (1) The American Pain Society's Patient Outcome Questionnaire-Modified, a 16-item self-report tool about pain and patient satisfaction; (2) a demographic form; and (3) the Pain Management Index.

Jeanette A. McNeill; Gwen D. Sherwood; Patricia L. Starck; Bea Nieto

2001-01-01

347

40 CFR Appendix to Subpart G of... - Applicant Questionnaire for Modification of Secondary Treatment Requirements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...pollutants and pesticides, fecal coliform bacteria) b. (S) Provide available...pollutants and pesticides, fecal coliform bacteria) c. (L,S)Are there...spatial/temporal distribution; growth and reproduction;...

2010-07-01

348

40 CFR Appendix to Subpart G of... - Applicant Questionnaire for Modification of Secondary Treatment Requirements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...pollutants and pesticides, fecal coliform bacteria) b. (S) Provide available...pollutants and pesticides, fecal coliform bacteria) c. (L,S)Are there...spatial/temporal distribution; growth and reproduction;...

2013-07-01

349

40 CFR Appendix to Subpart G of... - Applicant Questionnaire for Modification of Secondary Treatment Requirements  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...pollutants and pesticides, fecal coliform bacteria) b. (S) Provide available...pollutants and pesticides, fecal coliform bacteria) c. (L,S)Are there...spatial/temporal distribution; growth and reproduction;...

2009-07-01

350

Subjective Outcome and Objective Outcome Evaluation Findings: Insights from a Chinese Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: As there are few studies examining the relationship between subjective and objective outcome evaluation findings, this study investigated the linkage between these two types of outcomes in the Chinese culture. Method: In an experimental study, 3,298 Chinese secondary school students responded to the Chinese Positive Youth Development…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2010-01-01

351

Subjective Outcome and Objective Outcome Evaluation Findings: Insights from a Chinese Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: As there are few studies examining the relationship between subjective and objective outcome evaluation findings, this study investigated the linkage between these two types of outcomes in the Chinese culture. Method: In an experimental study, 3,298 Chinese secondary school students responded to the Chinese Positive Youth Development…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2010-01-01

352

Jordanian Vocational, Secondary Education Teachers and Acquisition of the National Professional Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to estimate the level of acquisition of the Jordanian national professional standards by vocational, secondary education teachers. Two hundred teachers participated in the study. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Questionnaire validity was assessed by content validity,…

Al-Dajeh, Hesham I.

2012-01-01

353

Secondary Education Teachers’ training needs towards web based collaborative learning in TRNC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate the teacher's education needs towards collaborative learning. The sample of the study consists of 200 teacher from Secondary and High Schools in North Cyprus. “Web based collaborative learning” questionnaire developed by Ozdamli & Bicen (2009) was used to collect data. The first phase of the questionnaire involves 9 demographic questions and second

Fezile Ozdamli; Huseyin Bicen; Erinc Ercag; Emrah Demirbilek; Eser Ceker

2010-01-01

354

Jordanian Vocational, Secondary Education Teachers and Acquisition of the National Professional Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this study was to estimate the level of acquisition of the Jordanian national professional standards by vocational, secondary education teachers. Two hundred teachers participated in the study. The data were collected by questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Questionnaire validity was assessed by content…

Al-Dajeh, Hesham I.

2012-01-01

355

Exposure to Bullying, Reactions and Psychological Adjustment of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A sample of 575 secondary school students aged 11-15 years was administered a checklist on experiences of bullying, then divided into groups of victims, witnesses and not exposed, and by gender. Participants completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire on psychosocial adjustment. Victims and witnesses completed another questionnaire on…

Nabuzoka, Dabie; Ronning, John Andreas; Handegard, Bjorn Helge

2009-01-01

356

A Questionnaire Survey of Physicians' Perspectives Regarding the Assessment of Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Since there is now growing interest in the incorporation of patient-reported outcome measures in cancer clinical trials, a patient-based questionnaire, the Patient Neurotoxicity Questionnaire (PNQ) was developed to quantify the symptoms and severity of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicians' perspectives regarding the utility and diagnostic value of PNQ. Methods: A

Katsumasa Kuroi; Kojiro Shimozuma; Yasuo Ohashi; Ayano Takeuchi; Toshihiko Aranishi; Satoshi Morita; Shozo Ohsumi; Toru Watanabe; Stacey Bain; Frederick H. Hausheer

357

The Level of Medical Services and Secondary School-Aged Athletes  

PubMed Central

Context: Medical organizations have recommended that administrators, parents, and community leaders explore every opportunity to make interscholastic athletic programs safe for participation, including employing athletic trainers at practices and competitive events. Objective: To determine the overall level of medical services provided for secondary school-aged athletes at high school athletic events in a rural southern state, to evaluate the employment of athletic trainers in the provision of medical services in secondary schools, and to compare athletic training medical services provided at athletic events among schools of various sizes. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Questionnaires were sent to administrators at 199 secondary schools. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 144 administrators, including interscholastic athletic directors and school principals, from 199 secondary schools participated (72% response rate). Main Outcome Measure(s): Participants completed the Self-Appraisal Checklist for Health Supervision in Scholastic Athletic Programs from the American Academy of Pediatrics, which has been demonstrated to be valid and reliable. The Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used to measure differences in groups. Results: We found differences in cumulative scores when measuring between institutional classifications (P?.05). Cumulative scores for the Event Coverage section of the instrument ranged from 80.5 to 109.6 out of a total possible score of 126. We also found differences in several factors identified in the Event Coverage section (P?.05). Conclusions: The number of coaching staff certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation or first aid was minimal. Most schools did not have a plan for providing minimal emergency equipment, ice, or water for visiting teams. We found that 88% (n = 7) of the 8 essential Event Coverage components that the American Academy of Pediatrics deems important were not addressed by schools represented in our study.

DeWitt, Terry L.; Unruh, Scott A.; Seshadri, Srivatsa

2012-01-01

358

DIAMOND SECONDARY EMITTER  

SciTech Connect

We present the design and experimental progress on the diamond secondary emitter as an electron source for high average power injectors. The design criteria for average currents up to 1 A and charge up to 20 nC are established. Secondary Electron Yield (SEY) exceeding 200 in transmission mode and 50 in emission mode have been measured. Preliminary results on the design and fabrication of the self contained capsule with primary electron source and secondary electron emitter will also be presented.

BEN-ZVI, I.; RAO, T.; BURRILL, A.; CHANG, X.; GRIMES, J.; RANK, J.; SEGALOV, Z.; SMEDLEY, J.

2005-10-09

359

Educational Outcomes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the beginning of the 21st century, education seems dominated by talk about educational outcomes and their assessment. This chapter serves to demystify these topics. This free selection includes the Preface, Table of Contents, an About the Author page, and the Alphabetical List of the 88 Education Terms.

Colburn, Alan

2003-01-01

360

"I Am the Hate that Dare Not Speak Its Name": Dealing with Homophobia in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the outcomes of a small-scale project involving 19 secondary schools. The project investigated how effectively issues of homophobic bullying and sexualities were addressed through secondary schools' formal policies and areas of the curriculum. Outcomes indicate that sexual orientation was mentioned in two-thirds of Equal…

Adams, Natasha; Cox, Tamsin; Dunstan, Laura

2004-01-01

361

Microcomputer Usage in Secondary Marketing Education. A National Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to determine microcomputer hardware, software, and inservice components of secondary marketing education programs. A questionnaire was developed and sent to 420 teacher-coordinators in 42 states. A total of 225 (54 percent) usable returns were tabulated at the University of Wisconsin-Stout Computer Center. Results of the…

Searle, A. Gary

362

Teachers' Perceptions of the Coaching Role in Secondary Vocational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a study on teachers' perceptions of the coaching role in innovative secondary vocational education (SVE) in the Netherlands. Data from 109 teachers were collected by means of an online questionnaire, asking for their associations with the coaching role, goals concerning the coaching role, and typical coaching activities.…

Ketelaar, Evelien; den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Boshuizen, Henny P. A.

2012-01-01

363

Secondary School Students' Levels of Understanding in Computing Exponents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to describe and analyze students' levels of understanding of exponents within the context of procedural and conceptual learning via the conceptual change and prototypes' theory. The study was conducted with 202 secondary school students with the use of a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. The results suggest…

Pitta-Pantazi, Demetra; Christou, Constantinos; Zachariades, Theodossios

2007-01-01

364

Teachers' Perceptions of the Coaching Role in Secondary Vocational Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study on teachers' perceptions of the coaching role in innovative secondary vocational education (SVE) in the Netherlands. Data from 109 teachers were collected by means of an online questionnaire, asking for their associations with the coaching role, goals concerning the coaching role, and typical coaching activities.…

Ketelaar, Evelien; den Brok, Perry; Beijaard, Douwe; Boshuizen, Henny P. A.

2012-01-01

365

Cultural Learning Environment of Upper Secondary Science Students. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aims of this research were to validate the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire in the Brunei context and to evaluate culturally sensitive factors (gender equity, collaboration, deference, competition, teacher authority, modelling and congruence) of upper secondary students' learning environment. The subjects of this study were 831…

Dhindsa, Harkirat S.

2005-01-01

366

Stress and Psychological Distress among Trainee Secondary Teachers in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships between stress and psychological distress were investigated among a cohort of trainee secondary school teachers in England. Specifically, the study examined the structure of a Teacher Stress Scale and its relationship to mental health as measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. Three factors were identified:…

Chaplain, Roland P.

2008-01-01

367

Interior Design Standards in the Secondary FCS Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with a study on interior design standards in the secondary FCS curriculum. This study assessed the importance FCS teachers placed on content standards in the interior design curriculum to help determine the amount of time and emphasis to place on the units within the courses. A cover letter and questionnaire were sent…

Katz, Shana H.; Smith, Bettye P.

2006-01-01

368

Diffusion of Innovations: Educational Change in Thai Government Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the diffusion of educational innovations to urban and rural government secondary schools of Thailand and to teachers within these schools. Data were acquired by selecting 38 schools at random and having 629 teachers, 38 principals, and 66 changwad (provincial) education officers complete questionnaires. Some of…

Rogers, Everett M.; And others

369

The Geographic Information System (GIS) in Secondary Education in Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the application of new educational technologies in geography classes. The research involved 126 students from vocational secondary schools in Serbia taking geography as a compulsory subject. We developed and applied a questionnaire for this research. The results indicate that out of several ICTs available, the majority of…

Komlenovic, Djurdjica; Manic, Emilija; Malinic, Dusica

2013-01-01

370

The Geographic Information System (GIS) in Secondary Education in Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the application of new educational technologies in geography classes. The research involved 126 students from vocational secondary schools in Serbia taking geography as a compulsory subject. We developed and applied a questionnaire for this research. The results indicate that out of several ICTs available, the majority of…

Komlenovic, Djurdjica; Manic, Emilija; Malinic, Dusica

2013-01-01

371

SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS' PERCEPTIONS OF LEARNING DIFFICULTIES AND STRATEGIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research is concerned with Tunisian secondary school students' perceptions of the difficulties they encounter in learning English as a foreign language, the reasons underlying these difficulties, and the strategies they use in accomplishing their linguistic tasks. It is based on two student questionnaires in which the following hypotheses are made: a) The learners' difficulties are linguistic. b) The reasons

Esma Maamouri Ghrib

2004-01-01

372

Urban Secondary Educators' Views of Teacher Recruitment and Retention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This inquiry is directed at understanding the factors related to recruitment and retention of urban secondary teachers. Data were collected via selected response questionnaires from 815 public high school teachers in a large Midwest city. The findings provide implications for urban centers in the U.S. educational system from the classroom teacher's perspective, by identifying the qualities associated with the best

Kelly D. Bradley; William E. Loadman

2005-01-01

373

Outcomes of usual chiropractic, harm & efficacy, the ouch study: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies have demonstrated that adverse events occur during chiropractic treatment. However, because of these studies design we do not know the frequency and extent of these events when compared to sham treatment. The principal aims of this study are to establish the frequency and severity of adverse effects from short term usual chiropractic treatment of the spine when compared to a sham treatment group. The secondary aim of this study is to establish the efficacy of usual short term chiropractic care for spinal pain when compared to a sham intervention. Methods One hundred and eighty participants will be randomly allocated to either usual chiropractic care or a sham intervention group. To be considered for inclusion the participants must have experienced non-specific spinal pain for at least one week. The study will be conducted at the clinics of registered chiropractors in Western Australia. Participants in each group will receive two treatments at intervals no less than one week. For the usual chiropractic care group, the selection of therapeutic techniques will be left to the chiropractors' discretion. For the sham intervention group, de-tuned ultrasound and de-tuned activator treatment will be applied by the chiropractors to the regions where spinal pain is experienced. Adverse events will be assessed two days after each appointment using a questionnaire developed for this study. The efficacy of short term chiropractic care for spinal pain will be examined at two week follow-up by assessing pain, physical function, minimum acceptable outcome, and satisfaction with care, with the use of the following outcome measures: Numerical Rating Scale, Functional Rating Index, Neck Disability Index, Minimum Acceptable Outcome Questionnaire, Oswestry Disability Index, and a global measure of treatment satisfaction. The statistician, outcome assessor, and participants will be blinded to treatment allocation. Trial registration Australia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register (ANZCTR): ACTRN12611000542998

2011-01-01

374

Comparison of the SF36 health survey questionnaire with the Nottingham health profile in long-term survivors of a myocardial infarction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Health-related quality of life, an important outcome measure in health interventions, can readily be assessed by questionnaire. Two widely evaluated examples are the Short Form 36 (SF-36) and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) questionnaires, but as yet the discriminatory power of these tools has not been compared in a large population of patients with coronary heart disease. Methods All 4-year

Nigel Brown; Martin Melville; David Gray; Tracey Young; Allan M. Skene; John R. Hampton

2000-01-01

375

Measuring Gambling Outcomes Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research describes the proposal and validation of three gambling outcome measures, the Gambling Quantity and Perceived Norms Scale (GQPN), the Gambling Problem Index (GPI), and the Gambling Readiness to Change Questionnaire (GRTC).The study consisted of 560 undergraduate college students who completed a survey including the newly constructed measures and other measures designed to assess convergent validity. Results confirmed

Clayton Neighbors; Ty W. Lostutter; Mary E. Larimer; Ruby Y. Takushi

2002-01-01

376

Examinee Feedback Questionnaire: Reliability and Validity Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The systematic consideration of test-takers' reactions to the tests they take can be an important part of psychometric assessment. The Examinee Feedback Questionnaire (EFeQ) evaluates a variety of aspects of the test situation, such as physical conditions, examiner behavior, the testing conditions, and the test itself. The EFeQ was administered to 1,385 Israeli college applicants who took an entrance examination.

Baruch Nevo

1995-01-01

377

Self-administered questionnaires and standardized interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the not too distant past there were only two survey methods to choose from: the face-to-face interview and the postal or mail questionnaire. The first scientific interview goes back to 1912 and Bowley's study of working-class conditions in five British cities. while the first postal survey is attributed to Sir John Sinclair in 1788 (for a historical overview. see

E. D. de Leeuw

2008-01-01

378

A questionnaire on pelvic floor dysfunction postpartum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction and hypothesis  The incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries is used in Sweden as a measurement of quality of care and this might influence\\u000a the reporting. However, the correlation between reported diagnosis of pelvic floor injury at delivery and pelvic floor symptoms\\u000a a year later is unknown. A questionnaire could identify such symptoms and provide beneficial feedback to obstetrical practices.

Charlotte Luthander; Thomas Emilsson; Gunnar Ljunggren; Margareta Hammarström

2011-01-01

379

Identifying workers at risk of sickness absence by questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine whether self-report questionnaires can identify those employees at risk of sickness absence Methods Prospective study of 238 healthy administrative workers. Participants completed a questionnaire proven to be valid and consistent. The questionnaire consisted of 116 items about health, work and working conditions. Sickness absence was followed-up for a period of 1 year. Results The questionnaires of 191 workers

M. Roelen; Tjepke R. van der Pol; Petra C. Koopmans; Johan W. Groothoff

2006-01-01

380

Nephrology quiz and questionnaire: renal replacement therapy.  

PubMed

Presentation of the Nephrology Quiz and Questionnaire has become an annual "tradition" at the meetings of the American Society of Nephrology. It is a very popular session judged by consistently large attendance. Members of the audience test their knowledge and judgment on a series of case-oriented questions prepared and discussed by experts. They can also compare their answers in real time, using audience response devices, with those of program directors of nephrology training programs in the United States, acquired through an Internet-based questionnaire. Topics presented here include fluid and electrolyte disorders, transplantation, and ESRD and dialysis. Cases representing each of these categories along with single best answer questions were prepared by a panel of experts (Drs. Palmer, Hricik, and Golper, respectively). After the audience responses, the "correct" and "incorrect" answers then were briefly discussed and the results of the questionnaire were displayed. This article aims to recapitulate the session and reproduce its educational value for a larger audience-readers of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Have fun. PMID:22580784

Golper, Thomas A; Glassock, Richard J; Bleyer, Anthony J

2012-05-10

381

Performance of two questionnaires to measure treatment adherence in patients with Type-2 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Background Most valid methods to measure treatment adherence require time and resources, and they are not easily applied in highly demanding Primary Health Care Clinics (PHCC). The objective of this study was to determine sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and post-test probabilities of two novel questionnaires as proxy measurements of treatment adherence in Type-2 diabetic patients. Methods Two questionnaires were developed by a group of experts to identify the patient's medical prescription knowledge (knowledge) and their attitudes toward treatment adherence (attitudes) as proxy measurements of adherence. The questionnaires were completed by patients receiving care in PHCC pertaining to the Mexican Institute of Social Security in Aguascalientes (Mexico). Pill count was used as gold standard. Participants were selected randomly, and their oral hypoglycemic prescriptions were studied. The main outcome measures for each questionnaire were sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, and post-test probabilities, all as an independent questionnaire test and in a serial analysis. Results Adherence prevalence was 27.0% using pill count. Knowledge questionnaire showed the highest sensitivity (68.1%) and negative predictive value (82.2%), the lowest negative likelihood ratio (0.58) and post-test probability for a negative result (0.16). Serial analysis showed the highest specificity (77.4%) and positive predictive value (40.1%) as well as the highest positive likelihood ratio (1.8) and post-test probability for a positive result (0.39). Conclusion Medical Prescription Knowledge questionnaire showed the best performance as proxy measurement to identify non-adherence in type 2 diabetic patients regarding negative predictive value, negative likelihood ratio, and post-test probability for a negative result. However, Medical Prescription Knowledge questionnaire performance may change in contexts with higher adherence prevalence. Therefore, more research is needed before using this method in other contexts.

Prado-Aguilar, Carlos A; Martinez, Yolanda V; Segovia-Bernal, Yolanda; Reyes-Martinez, Rosendo; Arias-Ulloa, Raul

2009-01-01

382

Using the Penn State Worry Questionnaire to identify individuals with generalized anxiety disorder: a receiver operating characteristic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the use of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) to identify individuals with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Fifty individuals with primary or secondary GAD and 114 individuals with social anxiety disorder (without GAD) completed the PSWQ. In receiver operating characteristic analyses, a score of 65 simultaneously optimized sensitivity and specificity in discriminating individuals with GAD from individuals

David M. Fresco; Douglas S. Mennin; Richard G. Heimberg; Cynthia L. Turk

2003-01-01

383

Using the standard error of measurement to identify important changes on the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To establish a link between the minimal important difference (MID) and the standard error of measurement (SEM) for all responsive dimensions of the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ). Methods: Secondary data analysis of baseline and follow-up interview data from 198 outpatients with asthma enrolled in a randomized controlled trial and receiving care at a major urban academic medical

Kathleen W. Wyrwich; William M. Tierney; Fredric D. Wolinsky

2002-01-01

384

Cognitive Pretesting of 2010 Alternative Questionnaire Experiment (AQE) Race and Hispanic Origin Questionnaires Translated Into Spanish.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 2010 Census, the U.S. Census Bureau conducted several experiments to explore alternate content and ways to enhance data quality for the 2020 Census. One of these experiments is the race and Hispanic origin Alternative Questionnaire Experiment (...

M. Fond R. L. Terry

2011-01-01

385

Validation Studies of the Finnish Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) and Finnish Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ)  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database: Introduction PAQ Walking & Bicycling Items Reference List PAQ Validation Studies References Summary Tables Search

386

Validation Studies of the The Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ)/Pima Indian Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database: Introduction PAQ Walking & Bicycling Items Reference List PAQ Validation Studies References Summary Tables Search

387

Humanizing the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These papers, presented during ASCD-sponsored conference, confront educators with issues in and alternatives for making secondary schools a more humanizing experience for students. The contributors and their articles are: Norman K. Hamilton, "Alternatives in Secondary Education"; Thornton B. Monez and Norman L. Bussiere, "The High School in Human…

Hamilton, Norman K., Ed.; Saylor, J. Galen, Ed.

388

Research in Secondary Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summers' annotated bibliographies of secondary reading (1963, 1964), "Review of Educational Research,""Journal of Reading," ERIC/CRIER, and "Research in Education" are listed as resources for all phases of reading. A shifting of trends in the nature and scope of research topics in secondary reading is noted, with diagnosis and treatment,…

Kling, Martin

389

Secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism.  

PubMed

We reviewed the etiology and management of secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is characterized by an increase in parathyroid hormone (PTH) that is appropriate and in response to a stimulus, most commonly low serum calcium. In secondary hyperparathyroidism, the serum calcium is normal and the PTH level is elevated. Tertiary hyperparathyroidism is characterized by excessive secretion of PTH after longstanding secondary hyperparathyroidism, in which hypercalcemia has ensued. Tertiary hyperparathyroidism typically occurs in men and women with chronic kidney disease usually after kidney transplant. The etiology and treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism is relatively straightforward whereas data on the management of tertiary hyperparathyroidism is limited to a few small trials with short follow-up. PMID:23267748

Jamal, Sophie A; Miller, Paul D

2012-12-23

390

Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation of the Patient Perspective of Arrhythmia Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

There are no disease-specific questionnaires to measure patient sensitive outcomes in arrhythmia patients. We report the development and preliminary psychometric testing of the Patient Perception of Arrhythmia Questionnaire (PPAQ). The PPAQ was developed using formative research, exploratory factor analysis, expert review, pilot study, and regression. The PPAQ measures frequency and duration of episodes, symptoms, impact on daily activities, and restricted activity days. After preliminary content validation, the responsiveness of the PPAQ was tested in 103 arrhythmia patients. The measures showed good sensitivity and reliability. Preliminary construct validation was supported by significant differences (p<.001) among groups of arrhythmia patients consistent with clinical patterns. Preliminary evidence from patients with supraventricular arrhythmias suggests that the questionnaire has acceptable psychometrics and could be useful in future studies of arrhythmia patients.

Wood, Kathryn A.; Stewart, Anita L.; Drew, Barbara J.; Scheinman, Melvin M.; Froelicher, Erika S.

2010-01-01

391

Teaching Cell Division to Secondary School Students: An Investigation of Difficulties Experienced by Turkish Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the difficulties biology teachers face when teaching cell division in the secondary schools of the central part of the Erzurum province in Turkey. During this research, a questionnaire was distributed to a total of 36 secondary school biology teachers. Findings of the study indicate biology teachers perceive cell division as…

Oztap, Haydar; Ozay, Esra; Oztap, Fulya

2003-01-01

392

Effectiveness of communication on students discipline in secondary schools in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of communication on student discipline in secondary schools is an issue of continued debate in Kenya. This study was necessitated by the growing concern by education stakeholders in Kenya over the rising reports of student indiscipline in secondary schools. The study utilized qualitative approach with questionnaires, interviews and documentation as instruments of collecting data. Purposive sampling was used

Jonah Nyaga Kindiki

2009-01-01

393

Survey of Occupational Stress of Secondary and Elementary School Teachers and the Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the measuring instruments used by scholars in China and abroad, we devised a questionnaire to study occupational stress of 500 secondary and elementary school teachers in Tacheng municipality in Xinjiang and examined its negative effects on teachers. They found that the occupational stress of secondary and elementary school teachers are…

Pei, Wang; Guoli, Zhang

2007-01-01

394

Substance Use Disorders in a Sample of Iranian Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aims: The current research assessed the rate of substance use among Iranian secondary school students. Participants: 470 boy secondary school students selected randomly and were assessed. Measurements: A confidential questionnaire based on DSM-IV and a prior study was distributed, completed by the students and collected in the same sessions in…

Ahmadi, Jamshid; Alishahi, Mohammadjavad; Alavi, Maryam

2004-01-01

395

Effectiveness of Communication on Students Discipline in Secondary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of communication on student discipline in secondary schools is an issue of continued debate in Kenya. This study was necessitated by the growing concern by education stakeholders in Kenya over the rising reports of student indiscipline in secondary schools. The study utilized qualitative approach with questionnaires, interviews and…

Kindiki, Jonah Nyaga

2009-01-01

396

Cultural Learning Environment of Non-Government Secondary Science Students in Brunei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this research were to cross-validate the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire (CLEQ) in the local context of Brunei and to evaluate culturally- sensitive factors (gender equity, collaboration, deference, competition, teacher authority, modelling and congruence) in secondary science students' learning environments. Data were collected from 1417 secondary science students enrolled at non-government schools in Brunei and their 49 science

Harkirat S. Dhindsa

2009-01-01

397

Secondary science teachers' attitudes toward and beliefs about science reading and science textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science textbooks are dominant influences behind most secondary science instruction but little is known about teachers' approach to science reading. The purpose of this naturalistic study was to develop and validate a Science and Reading Questionnaire to assess secondary science teachers' attitudes toward science reading and their beliefs or informed opinions about science reading. A survey of 428 British Columbia

Larry D. Yore

1991-01-01

398

An Assessment of Science Teachers’ Perceptions of Secondary School Environments in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the psychosocial environments of secondary schools from science teachers’ perspectives, as well as associated variables. Using a sample of 900 secondary science teachers from 52 schools in Taiwan, the results attest to the validity and reliability of the instrument, the Science Teacher School Environment Questionnaire, and its ability to differentiate among schools. The descriptive results show that

2006-01-01

399

Students' Conceptions of the Particulate Nature of Matter at Secondary and Tertiary Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the present study is to elicit students' understanding of the particulate nature of matter via a cross-age study ranging from secondary to tertiary educational levels. A questionnaire with five-item open-ended questions was administered to 166 students from the secondary to tertiary levels of education. In light of the findings, it can…

Ayas, Alipasa; Ozmen, Haluk; Calik, Muammer

2010-01-01

400

The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Secondary Schools upon Students' Academic Success and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of a study investigating the short- and long-term effects of secondary schools upon student academic success and development. A questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of 15% of Cypriot students who graduated in June 2004 and June 2005 from secondary schools. A good response rate (i.e., 66%) was…

Antoniou, Panayiotis

2012-01-01

401

Stress Management Strategies of Secondary School Teachers in Nigeria. Short Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study provides empirical evidence for the management of stress by teachers of secondary schools in Nigeria. A total of 3466 teachers, drawn from secondary schools in Ogun State of Nigeria, returned their questionnaire for the study. Data were analysed using simple percentage and chi-square. The findings indicate that teachers frequently use…

Arikewuyo, M. Olalekan

2004-01-01

402

The Short- and Long-Term Effects of Secondary Schools upon Students' Academic Success and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the results of a study investigating the short- and long-term effects of secondary schools upon student academic success and development. A questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of 15% of Cypriot students who graduated in June 2004 and June 2005 from secondary schools. A good response rate (i.e., 66%)…

Antoniou, Panayiotis

2012-01-01

403

Effectiveness of Communication on Students Discipline in Secondary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The influence of communication on student discipline in secondary schools is an issue of continued debate in Kenya. This study was necessitated by the growing concern by education stakeholders in Kenya over the rising reports of student indiscipline in secondary schools. The study utilized qualitative approach with questionnaires, interviews and…

Kindiki, Jonah Nyaga

2009-01-01

404

Innovation in Secondary School English Teaching in the Countryside of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary school English teaching plays a key role in English education in China, while its current status, especially in the countryside, is not as good as we expected and thus innovation in this field becomes indispensible. This paper analyses a questionnaire research statistics with SPSS 16.0 and tracks down the barriers to innovation in secondary school English teaching in the

Guo Guiran; Zhang Likun

2010-01-01

405

Job satisfaction among secondary school teachers: the role of gender and experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates the association between individual characteristics and teacher job satisfaction in secondary education in Cyprus. It focuses on two individual characteristics commonly linked to job satisfaction in the literature, namely, gender and years of experience. A short version of a questionnaire previously employed by Dinham and Scott was administered to a sample of secondary school teachers. The use

Maria Eliophotou Menon; Anastasia Athanasoula-Reppa

2011-01-01

406

Function of the hip after femoral neck fractures treated by fixation or secondary total hip replacement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two matched groups of 28 patients each, with femoral neck fractures treated by primary internal fixation or by secondary total hip replacement after a complication of primary treatment, were evaluated and compared five years or more after primary pin fixation or secondary total hip replacement. The Nottingham Health Profile questionnaire was sent and returned by mail and the patient groups

L. T. Nilsson; H. Franzén; B. Strömqvist; I. Wiklund

1991-01-01

407

A comparison of the readability of two patient-reported outcome measures used to evaluate foot surgery.  

PubMed

Measuring the outcome of surgical intervention is an integral part of modern-day healthcare provision. The increasing requirement to monitor patient-reported outcomes highlights the need for patients to be able to read and understand health outcomes questionnaires. The present study compared the readability of 2 commonly used, validated, foot surgery outcome questionnaires (the Foot Health Status Questionnaire and the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire) using the Flesch Reading Ease score and the Flesch-Kincaid grade level score. The Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire had a significantly greater (p < .003) score for reading ease and a significantly lower reading grade score (p < .005) than the Foot Health Status Questionnaire. These findings suggest the Manchester-Oxford Foot Questionnaire is a more suitable instrument in terms of readability and comprehension for a greater proportion of the population undergoing hallux valgus surgery. PMID:22554926

Alvey, James; Palmer, Simon; Otter, Simon

2012-05-01

408

Determining the understandability and acceptability of an oral mucositis daily questionnaire.  

PubMed

Oral mucositis research in children receiving anticancer therapy has been impeded by the lack of an acceptable, appropriate assessment scale. Some scales attempt to measure subjective symptoms associated with mucositis such as pain and difficulty swallowing. These types of patient-reported outcomes are gaining prominence in clinical trials because they capture the perspective of the patients in whom the intervention is designed to benefit. In mucositis research, very few patient-reported outcome measures have been developed. The aim of this study was to determine whether an adaptation of the adult-validated Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire is understandable and acceptable for use in the pediatric oncology/hematology population. Twelve subjects were asked to rate their opinion of understandability and acceptability of the adapted Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire. As a result of their comments, minor changes were made. Evaluation of the psychometric properties of this instrument can now be performed. PMID:18270307

Tomlinson, Deborah; Isitt, John J; Barron, Richard L; Doyle, John; Judd, Peter; Gassas, Adam; Naqvi, Ahmed; Sung, Lillian

2008-02-12

409

The outcome of neurotic illness in the community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The outcome of new cases of psychiatric illness identified by general practitioners in a prevalence survey of 46 practices in London, was studied over a period of three years. Information on 422 patients was obtained by examination of the N.H.S medical records, interview with general practitioners and postal questionnaire. Conclusions about outcome based on these data ware validated by applying

H. Kedward

1969-01-01

410

Measuring outcomes in a child psychiatry inpatient unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to examine clinical outcomes in a child psychiatry inpatient unit using dedicated measures. Clinicians completed contextual (Paddington Complexity Scale - PCS) and clinical change (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents - HoNOSCA) questionnaires on admission and discharge for consecutive admissions to the unit between 1999 and 2007 (n=167). Mean changes

M Garralda; Gillian Rose; Ruth Dawson

2008-01-01

411

Long-term outcome after Hirschsprung's disease: Patients' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The results of treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) are not uniformly successful, and the parents' and child's interpretation of the outcome may be different from that of the surgeon.Methods: One hundred seven children treated for HD over 2212years were reviewed retrospectively. Adequate clinical data regarding functional outcomes were available in 78, of which, an additional questionnaire was completed by

Natalie L Yanchar; Pierre Soucy

1999-01-01

412

Reliability and validity of an adapted Thai version of the Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire  

PubMed Central

Purpose The Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) questionnaire is a widely accepted questionnaire used to assess the health-related quality of life for scoliosis patients in the United States. However, its adaptation in other languages is necessary for its multinational use. A cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate the validity and reliability of an adapted Thai version of the SRS-22 questionnaire. Methods An expert committee performed translation/retranslation of the English version of the SRS-22 questionnaire, as well as a cross-cultural adaptation process. Later, SRS-22 questionnaires and previously validated Short Form-36 version 2 (SF-36v2) outcome instruments were given to patients treated for idiopathic scoliosis with a minimum of 1 year of follow-up. Internal consistency and reproducibility were determined by Cronbach’s alpha statistics and the intraclass correlation coefficient, respectively. Concurrent validity was measured by comparing SRS-22 results with a previously validated questionnaire (SF-36v2). Measurement was made using the Pearson correlation coefficient (r). Results The study showed satisfactory internal consistency with Cronbach’s alpha values for all of the corresponding domains (pain, 0.72; self-image/appearance, 0.87; mental health, 0.83; satisfaction with management, 0.63; and function/activity, 0.83). The test–retest reproducibility was also excellent or good for all domains (pain, 0.72; self-image/appearance, 0.85; mental health, 0.82; satisfaction, 0.62; and function/activity, 0.81). For concurrent validity, excellent correlation was found in two domains, good in six domains, moderate in five domains, and poor in five domains of the 18 relevant domains. Conclusions The Thai version of the SRS-22 outcome instrument has satisfactory internal consistency, excellent reproducibility, and acceptable validity.

Leelapattana, Pittavat; Johnson, Jared; Wajanavisit, Wiwat; Laohacharoensombat, Wichien

2010-01-01

413

Noncognitive Variables in College AdmissionsThe Case of the Non-Cognitive Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Non-Cognitive Questionnaire (NCQ) is a 23-item measure assessing eight noncognitive variables that are thought to predict the performance and retention of students in college. The NCQ is widely used in research and practice. This study is a meta-analytic review of the validity of scores on the NCQ across 47 independent samples for predicting academic outcomes (N = 9,321). Across

Lisa L. Thomas; Nathan R. Kuncel; Marcus Credé

2007-01-01

414

Validation of a soy food frequency questionnaire with plasma concentrations of isoflavones in US adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To validate assessment of soy intake using food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) compared with plasma isoflavone (genistein and daidzein) concentrations.Design Cross-sectional analysis of soy isoflavone intake and plasma analysis of isoflavones.Subjects 77 men and women, age range 20 to 40 years, recruited from the Seattle metropolitan area.Main outcome measures Isoflavone intake was determined from responses to a 40-item soy FFQ

CARA L FRANKENFELD; RUTH E PATTERSON; THOMAS F KALHORN; HEATHER E SKOR; WILLIAM N HOWALD; JOHANNA W LAMPE

2002-01-01

415

Explaining dietary intake in adolescent girls from disadvantaged secondary schools. A test of Social Cognitive Theory.  

PubMed

Much of the research on the determinants of dietary behavior has been guided by Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), yet few studies have tested the utility of its proposed structural paths. The aim of this paper was to test the capacity of SCT to explain dietary behaviors in a sample of 357 adolescent girls (13.2±0.5 years) from 12 secondary schools located in low-income communities in New South Wales, Australia. Participants completed validated SCT scales assessing nutrition-related self-efficacy, intention, behavioral strategies, family support, situation, outcome expectations, and outcome expectancies. Participants completed a validated food frequency questionnaire, from which, the percentage of total kilojoules from core-foods, non-core foods and saturated fat were calculated. The theoretical models were tested using structural equation modeling in AMOS. The models explained 48-51% and 13-19% of the variance in intention and dietary behavior, respectively. The models provided an adequate fit to the data, and self-efficacy was positively associated with healthy eating and inversely associated with unhealthy eating. However, the pathway from intention to behavior was not statistically significant in any of the models. While this study has demonstrated the utility of SCT constructs to explain behavior in adolescents girls, the proposed structural pathways were not supported. Further study of the role that implementation intentions play in explaining adolescent girls' dietary behaviors is required. PMID:22227067

Lubans, David R; Plotnikoff, Ronald C; Morgan, Philip J; Dewar, Deborah; Costigan, Sarah; Collins, Clare E

2011-12-29

416

The Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To investigate the factor structure of the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) among individuals seen as\\u000a part of routine follow-up following traumatic brain injury.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  RPQ data from 168 participants was examined (mean age 35.2, SD 14.3; 89% with post traumatic amnesia duration < 24 hours)\\u000a six months after admission to an Accident & Emergency Department following TBI. Structural equation modelling was

Seb Potter; Eleanor Leigh; Derick Wade; Simon Fleminger

2006-01-01

417

Caregiver's Feeding Styles Questionnaire: Establishing Cutoff Points  

PubMed Central

Researchers use the Caregiver’s Feeding Styles Questionnaire (CFSQ) to categorize parent feeding into authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and uninvolved styles. The CFSQ assesses self-reported feeding and classifies parents using median splits, which are used in a substantial body of parenting literature and allow for direct comparison across studies, on dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness. No national norms currently exist for the CFSQ. This paper establishes and recommends cutoff points most relevant for low-income, minority US samples researchers and clinicians can use to assign parents to feeding styles. Median scores for 5 studies are examined and the average across these studies reported.

Hughes, Sheryl O.; Cross, Matthew B.; Hennessy, Erin; Tovar, Alison; Economos, Christina D.; Power, Thomas G.

2011-01-01

418

Development of a New Patient-Reported Outcome Measure for Breast Surgery: The BREAST-Q  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Measuring patient-reported outcomes has become increasingly important in cosmetic and reconstructive breast surgery. The objective of this study was to develop a new patient-reported outcome measure to assess the unique outcomes of breast surgery patients. Methods: Patientinterviews,focusgroups,expertpanels,andaliteraturereview were used to develop a conceptual framework and a list of questionnaire items. Three procedure-specific questionnaires (augmentation, reduction, and recon- struction) were

Andrea L. Pusic; Anne F. Klassen; Amie M. Scott; Jennifer A. Klok; Peter G. Cordeiro; Stefan J. Cano

2009-01-01

419

Personalizing Secondary Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To facilitate "personalizing" and individualizing secondary school curriculum, the author presents eight conceptual aspects of individualization and discusses the relationship of these concepts to program design and implementation of an individual learning program. (HMD)|

Bailey, William J.

1974-01-01

420

The longitudinal validity of the quick and full version of the Disability of the Arm Shoulder and Hand questionnaire in musculoskeletal hand outpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Longitudinal validity refers to the ability of an outcome measure to detect clinically meaningful change in status, also referred to as responsiveness. Most recently the Department of Health has been a proponent of increased use of patient-reported outcome measures in evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to improve health. The Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire is

Kathy Whalley; Jo Adams

2009-01-01

421

The treatment of primary and secondary orgasmic dysfunction: A methodological review of the literature since 1970  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the studies since 1970 which examined the treatment outcome of primary and secondary nonorgasmic women. The studies were evaluated within the following sections: subjects, therapists, time format, treatment, and outcome criteria. Many methodological deficiencies were found, most notably the lack of specificity regarding subject characteristics, a reliance on women's self-reports of outcome without obtaining partner validation, the

Peter R. Kilmann

1978-01-01

422

Secondary osteoporosis in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary osteoporosis comprises a minority of all osteoporosis cases. In this study we summarize the causes of secondary\\u000a osteoporosis we encountered in patients currently on follow-up in our osteoporosis outpatient clinic. A total of 1015 female\\u000a patients are involved in the study. Recorded data of the patients are evaluated retrospectively. Patients with spine bone\\u000a mineral density (BMD) 2.5 standard deviation

B. Çakir; E. Odabasi; M. Turan; S. Güler; M. Kutlu

2002-01-01

423

Dermatophytosis in zoo macropods: a questionnaire study.  

PubMed

Limited published data are available on dermatophytosis in zoo macropods, despite anecdotal reports of disease occurrence and recurrent mob outbreaks. The aim of this questionnaire study was to analyze data from Australian and international zoos to evaluate estimated disease prevalence in zoos housing macropods, affected macropod species, causative organisms, predisposing factors, clinical presentations, diagnostics, treatments, and disease risk management. Two questionnaires (initial detailed and subsequent brief) were distributed via email to zoo veterinarians, with an estimated response rate of 23%. The overall estimated disease prevalence from responding zoos was 28%, with 73% of responding Australian zoos and 14% of responding non-Australian zoos reporting disease. The first cases of confirmed and suspected dermatophytosis in several macropod species and in association with Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. nodulare are reported, with young red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) appearing predisposed. Diagnosis was most commonly based on fungal culture or presumptively on typical clinical signs of minimally/nonpruritic alopecia, crusting, and scaling distributed most frequently on the tail, pinnae, and hind limbs. Both disease resolution without treatment and resolution after an average of 1 to 2 mo of treatment were reported. PMID:24063082

Boulton, Katie Alyce; Vogelnest, Linda Jean; Vogelnest, Larry

2013-09-01

424

Development of a self-administered questionnaire to screen patients for cervical myelopathy  

PubMed Central

Background In primary care, it is often difficult to diagnose cervical myelopathy. However, a delay in treatment could cause irreversible aftereffects. With a brief and effective self-administered questionnaire for cervical myelopathy, cervical myelopathy may be screened more easily and oversight may be avoided. As there is presently no screening tool for cervical myelopathy, the aim of this study was to develop a self-administered questionnaire for the screening of cervical myelopathy. Methods A case-control study was performed with the following two groups at our university hospital from February 2006 to September 2008. Sixty-two patients (48 men, 14 women) with cervical myelopathy who underwent operative treatment were included in the myelopathy group. In the control group, 49 patients (20 men, 29 women) with symptoms that could be distinguished from those of cervical myelopathy, such as numbness, pain in the upper extremities, and manual clumsiness, were included. The underlying conditions were diagnosed as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, diabetes mellitus neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and neuralgic amyotrophy. Twenty items for a questionnaire in this study were chosen from the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Cervical Myelopathy Evaluation Questionnaire, which is a new self-administered questionnaire, as an outcome measure for patients with cervical myelopathy. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis using the chi-square test and by multiple logistic regression analysis. According to the resulting odds ratio, ?-coefficients, and p value, items were chosen and assigned a score. Results Eight items were chosen by univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses and assigned a score. The Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic showed p = 0.805. The area under the receiver operation characteristic curve was 0.86. The developed questionnaire had a sensitivity of 93.5% and a specificity of 67.3%. Conclusions We successfully developed a simple self-administered questionnaire to screen for cervical myelopathy.

2010-01-01

425

Secondary psychoses: an update  

PubMed Central

Psychotic disorders due to a known medical illness or substance use are collectively termed secondary psychoses. In this paper, we first review the historic evolution of the concept of secondary versus primary psychosis and how this distinction supplanted the earlier misleading classification of psychoses into organic and functional. We then outline the clinical features and approach to the diagnosis of secondary psychotic disorders. Features such as atypical presentation, temporal relation to detectable medical cause, evidence of direct physiological causal relationship to the etiological agent, and the absence of evidence of a primary psychotic illness that may better explain the presentation suggest consideration of a secondary psychosis. Finally, we discuss how careful studies of secondary psychotic disorders can help elucidate the pathophysiology of primary, or idiopathic, psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. We illustrate this issue through a discussion of three secondary psychotic disorders — psychoses associated with temporal lobe epilepsy, velocardiofacial syndrome, and N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis — that can, respectively, provide neuroanatomical, genetic, and neurochemical models of schizophrenia pathogenesis.

Keshavan, Matcheri S; Kaneko, Yoshio

2013-01-01

426

Measuring physical activity among pregnant women using a structured one-week recall questionnaire: evidence for validity and reliability  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement of the components of physical activity during pregnancy can aid in our understanding of the dose response relationships between physical activity and corresponding perinatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a one-week recall questionnaire to assess moderate to vigorous physical activity during pregnancy. METHODS: To assess concurrent-related validity, 177 pregnant women (median

Kelly R Evenson; Fang Wen

2010-01-01

427

Musculoskeletal Disorders: Epidemiology and Treatment Seeking Behavior of Secondary School Students in a Nigerian Community  

PubMed Central

Background: Epidemiological information paucity exists on musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among secondary school students in Nigeria. We aimed to determine the prevalence, pattern, and treatment seeking behaviors (TSB) of MSD in Southwest, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in four randomly selected secondary schools in Ile-Ife in 2007. All the students were screened for MSD using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and physical examination, which involved the use of a scoliometer and a goniometer. Affected children were recommended for follow-up treatment and a plain radiography taken. Results: A total of 133 students had 204 MSD representing a 3.0% prevalence among the 4,441students screened. Eighty-one (60.9%) students had congenital disorders and 52 (39.1%) were acquired. The lower limbs (93.1%) were most commonly affected and 87 (65.4%) students presented with a knee deformity. Other abnormalities were limb length discrepancy 6.8%, scoliosis 4.4%, Pes planus 3.9%, and poliomyelitis 2.9%. A total of 100 students (75.2%) had no form of treatment, 18.8% receive treatment in the hospital, 3.7% received treatment in a traditional healing home and 2.3% received treatment in a church. Age, family, and school type were significant factors (P<0.05) in health-seeking behavior. The factors affecting treatment outcome were the place of treatment, hospital specific treatment, and reasons for stopping treatment. Conclusion: Treatable cases constitute a large proportion of MSD among secondary school students, but TSB was generally poor. Parental socio-economic and health services factors were related to the health-seeking behavior. Strengthening of school health services and improved linkage with orthopedic services, community education on MSD, and education of all cadres of health professionals are recommended.

Adegbehingbe, Olayinka O; Fatusi, Adesegun O; Adegbenro, Caleb A; Adeitan, Opeyemi O; Abass, Ganiyu O; Akintunde, Akintomiwa O

2009-01-01

428

Intravitreal Ranibizumab for Macular Edema Secondary to Retinal Vein Occlusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims: To investigate the effects of intravitreal ranibizumab treatment for macular edema (ME) secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and the relationship between spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings and visual outcome after successful resolution of ME. Methods: Forty consecutive eyes with ME secondary to branch RVO (BRVO; 29 eyes of 29 patients) or central RVO (CRVO; 11 eyes of

Moosang Kim; Seung-Young Yu; Eung-Suk Kim; So Hyun Bae; Jung Hyun Park; Hyeong Gon Yu; Hyung-Woo Kwak

2012-01-01

429

Walking & Bicycling Related Items from Physical Activity Questionnaires  

Cancer.gov

Walking & Bicycling Related Items from Physical Activity Questionnaires Note: brief instructions for filling out items are included for some of the questionnaires. This list of walking/bicycling items taken from various PAQs maintains the same question

430

Development and validation of the Fat Talk Questionnaire.  

PubMed

Fat talk refers to negative body-related conversations between girls or young women. This research aimed to use qualitative data from young women to guide development of a quantitative fat talk measure. In Study 1, a preliminary 62-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 200 female participants. Item analysis resulted in the elimination of items, yielding a final questionnaire with 14 items. Principal components analysis of this questionnaire indicated a single factor. In Study 2, 95 female participants completed the newly developed Fat Talk Questionnaire and theoretically related (e.g., body image) and unrelated (e.g., social desirability) constructs. Additionally, 49 male participants completed the questionnaire to examine known groups validity. In Study 3, 54 participants completed the Fat Talk Questionnaire on two occasions to assess temporal stability. The results showed that the Fat Talk Questionnaire is reliable and valid. The Fat Talk Questionnaire may have important utility in future research. PMID:23201392

Royal, Sarah; Macdonald, Danielle E; Dionne, Michelle M

2012-11-30

431

Development of Questionnaires for Various Emission Inventory Uses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report was written to act as a guide for agencies interested in developing emission inventory mail-out questionnaires. It addresses both the physical and psychological constraints on questionnaire design. The information provided is based on the know...

P. Hulman C. Collins

1979-01-01

432

Patient health questionnaire. Using a patient-focused assessment tool.  

PubMed Central

A patient health questionnaire was developed for use in family practice to help identify lifestyle risk factors, assess health care needs, and better understand patients. This article discusses the questionnaire's development and practical application. Images Figure 3

Mitchell, J. D.

1996-01-01

433

The reliability of the Adolescent Sedentary Activity Questionnaire (ASAQ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine the test–retest reliability of a self-report questionnaire (the Adolescent Sedentary Activities Questionnaire; ASAQ) which assesses the time spent in a comprehensive range of sedentary activities, among school-aged young people.

Louise L. Hardy; Michael L. Booth; Anthony D. Okely

2007-01-01

434

Empirical study on a publisher questionnaire network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The China High Education Publisher distributed ten thousands of questionnaires to university students for knowing their satisfaction degree on the published textbooks. We empirically investigate the statistical properties by using a network description. In the network the vertices are defined as textbooks, two vertices are connected by an edge when the students in a common specialty used them. A student specialty is defined as an act. The average satisfaction degree mark given by students on each textbook is defined as the vertex weight. Some statistical properties have been obtained. The degree distribution shows an exponential decay, while the act degree distribution shows a SPL function that indicates an interpolation between a power law and an exponential decay. Both the dependence of the clustering coefficient on the vertex degree and the cumulative vertex weight distribution show SPL functions. The assortativity shows a positive number, 0.14.

Yuan, Lei; Chang, Hui; He, Da-Ren

2007-03-01

435

Preparation of neuroradiologic procedures: a questionnaire.  

PubMed

Responses to a questionnaire sent to members of the ASNR indicated that most neuroradiologists do not believe extensive precautions reduce the infection rate for the routine patient undergoing myelography or femoral cerebral angiography. Most neuroradiologists queried do not routinely perform a surgical scrub before each procedure. Most wear sterile gloves and gowns, but not caps or masks. They do prepare the puncture site in a meticulous manner. Concern was expressed for the likelihood of causing infection in patients undergoing extensive procedures such as angioplasty or embolization, puncturing femoral grafts, or in the presence of artificial heart valves. The increased likelihood of incurring infections in diabetic or immunosuppressed patients was also expressed. In these patients, meticulous surgical technique was deemed mandatory. PMID:6421121

Binet, E F; Bice, C D

436

Engineer Education Considered from Questionnaire by Graduates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We carried out questionnaire survey about technical education for graduates residing in Oita prefecture. As a result, we understood that they want to attend technical educations also after graduation. But their duties are too busy, so they cannot attend. A lecture that they want is CAD, and they hope that the lecture is under five times and for holding on Saturday or weekday night, and the expense is equal to or less than 30,000 yen. We understood that the place that they want to attend is their old school. Although authors and persons concerned with school has been showing many information of engineer education in HP, about 80% of all graduates did not know it. In a free opinion, they say that engineer education is inevitable but personnel trainings or humanities as a person are also demanded.

Fukunaga, Keigo

437

PAQ database: The Lipid Research Clinics Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

438

PAQ database: Godin Leisure-time Exercise Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

439

PAQ database: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (Long, Telephone)  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

440

PAQ database: Fels Physical Activity Questionnaire for Children  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

441

PAQ database: KIHD Seven-day Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

442

PAQ database: EPIC-Norfolk Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

443

PAQ database: The Brunel Lifestyle Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

444

PAQ database: Arab Teens Lifestyle Study (ATLS) Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

445

PAQ database: Auckland Heart Study (AHS) Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

446

PAQ database: Modified Baecke Questionnaire For Older Adults  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

447

PAQ database: CHAMPS Activities Questionnaire for Older Adults  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

448

Questionnaire Surveys: Four Survey Instruments in Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents four questionnaire surveys administered in educational research. Each of the questionnaires is followed by a brief research report with an abstract and summary statistics. The first survey, "Guam Undergraduate Women Questionnaire," explores the status aspiration and gender awareness of undergraduate women in Guam. Responses of…

Inoue, Yukiko

449

Validation of Two Food Frequency Questionnaires for Dietary Calcium Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Easily utilized questionnaires estimating dietary calcium intake would be a valuable asset to promoting skeletal health as well as a helpful research tool. Two calcium questionnaires, one online and one printed, were each compared with dietary calcium intake measured by a 3-day diet record. Women completed the questionnaires in a randomized order and kept a 3-day food record at home,

Andrea Hacker-Thompson; Trina P. Robertson; Deborah E. Sellmeyer

2009-01-01

450

Occupant questionnaire on interior environmental conditions: Initial results  

Microsoft Academic Search

An initial survey has been conducted to assess a self-administered questionnaire, fingerprint and liking score which are aimed at quantifying, in a simple manner, occupants' perceptions of their interior environments. 450 questionnaires have been analysed. The average liking scores for groups of occupants range between -14% and +19%. The questionnaire responses have been found to be consistent in two test-retests

G. J. Levermore; D. Meyers

1996-01-01

451

Monitoring human larynx by random forests using questionnaire data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with noninvasive monitoring of human larynx using subject's questionnaire data. By applying random forests (RF), questionnaire data are categorized into a healthy class and several classes of disorders including: cancerous, noncancerous, diffuse, nodular, paralysis, and an overall pathological class. The most important questionnaire statements are determined using RF variable importance evaluations. To explore multidimensional data, t-Distributed

Antanas Verikas; Marija Bacauskiene; Adas Gelzinis; Virgilijus Uloza

2011-01-01

452

Increasing response rates to postal questionnaires: systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To identify methods to increase response to postal questionnaires. Design Systematic review of randomised controlled trials of any method to influence response to postal questionnaires. Studies reviewed 292 randomised controlled trials including 258 315 participants Intervention reviewed 75 strategies for influencing response to postal questionnaires.

Phil Edwards; Ian Roberts; Mike Clarke; Carolyn DiGuiseppi; Sarah Pratap; Reinhard Wentz; Irene Kwan

2002-01-01

453

Reliability of Students' Views of an "Ideal" Student Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reliability of the Students' Views of an Ideal Student Questionnaire was studied. The questionnaire consists of 26 characteristics of a quality student. The subjects were 88 volunteers (33 males and 55 females), enrolled in various classes at a state university, who responded to the questionnaire twice within 10 days. Subjects included 35…

Gadzella, Bernadette M.; And Others

454

Establishing the Validity and Reliability of Course Evaluation Questionnaires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article uses the case of designing a new course questionnaire to discuss the issues of validity, reliability and diagnostic power in good questionnaire design. Validity is often not well addressed in course questionnaire design as there are no straightforward tests that can be applied to an individual instrument. The authors propose the…

Kember, David; Leung, Doris Y. P.

2008-01-01

455

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section... Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in...

2010-01-01

456

7 CFR 550.31 - Questionnaires and survey plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Questionnaires and survey plans. 550.31 Section... Program Management § 550.31 Questionnaires and survey plans. The Cooperator...submit to the REE Agency copies of questionnaires and other forms for clearance in...

2009-01-01

457

78 FR 47749 - Submission of Questionnaire for OMB Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION Submission of Questionnaire for OMB Review AGENCY: United States...submitted a request for approval of a questionnaire to the Office of Management and Budget...The information requested by the questionnaire is for use by the Commission in...

2013-08-06

458

Postsecondary Outcomes for Students with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of 89 post secondary youth with intellectual impairments exiting a college based school-to-work program tracked school and post school experiences to identify significant correlates and predictors of post school outcomes. The three significant predictors were self-determination training, course taking patterns, and home care skills…

Farnham, Lindsey Beth

2011-01-01

459

Improving the outcome of infants born at <30 weeks' gestation - a randomized controlled trial of preventative care at home  

PubMed Central

Background Early developmental interventions to prevent the high rate of neurodevelopmental problems in very preterm children, including cognitive, motor and behavioral impairments, are urgently needed. These interventions should be multi-faceted and include modules for caregivers given their high rates of mental health problems. Methods/Design We have designed a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of a preventative care program delivered at home over the first 12 months of life for infants born very preterm (<30 weeks of gestational age) and their families, compared with standard medical follow-up. The aim of the program, delivered over nine sessions by a team comprising a physiotherapist and psychologist, is to improve infant development (cognitive, motor and language), behavioral regulation, caregiver-child interactions and caregiver mental health at 24 months' corrected age. The infants will be stratified by severity of brain white matter injury (assessed by magnetic resonance imaging) at term equivalent age, and then randomized. At 12 months' corrected age interim outcome measures will include motor development assessed using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale and the Neurological Sensory Motor Developmental Assessment. Caregivers will also complete a questionnaire at this time to obtain information on behavior, parenting, caregiver mental health, and social support. The primary outcomes are at 24 months' corrected age and include cognitive, motor and language development assessed with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley-III). Secondary outcomes at 24 months include caregiver-child interaction measured using an observational task, and infant behavior, parenting, caregiver mental health and social support measured via standardized parental questionnaires. Discussion This paper presents the background, study design and protocol for a randomized controlled trial in very preterm infants utilizing a preventative care program in the first year after discharge home designed to improve cognitive, motor and behavioral outcomes of very preterm children and caregiver mental health at two-years' corrected age. Clinical Trial Registration Number ACTRN12605000492651

2009-01-01

460

Secondary prevention of stroke.  

PubMed

Stroke and transient ischemic attacks result from a range of mechanisms. Secondary prevention includes both conventional approaches to vascular risk-factor management (blood pressure lowering, cholesterol reduction with statins, smoking cessation and antiplatelet therapy) and more specific interventions, such as carotid endarterectomy or anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation. The relative importance of even conventional risk factors in stroke differs from coronary artery disease. Large clinical trials produce information on most aspects of stroke prevention. Stroke and transient ischemic attacks are now recognized as medical emergencies, with a high early risk of recurrence, and evidence is accumulating to support the importance of immediate institution of secondary preventative treatments. We review current literature on the secondary prevention of stroke. PMID:19764863

MacDougall, Niall J J; Amarasinghe, Sanjay; Muir, Keith W

2009-09-01

461

Electronic quality of life questionnaires: a comparison of pen-based electronic questionnaires with conventional paper in a gastrointestinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of pen-based electronic questionnaires and conventional paper questionnaires was compared in a randomized crossover study. Forty-six patients, aged 17–81 years, suffering from gastrointestinal disorders, initially filled in a paper quality of life questionnaire for familiarization purposes, then on two subsequent visits completed electronic and paper questionnaires in randomized order. At the last visit they completed a preference survey.

H. E. Drummond; S. Ghosh; A. Ferguson; D. Brackenridge; B. Tiplady

1995-01-01

462

Secondary syphilis and HIV  

PubMed Central

Syphilis has been termed the “great mimic” due to its versatile and varied disease presentations. Dermatological findings are associated with the secondary phase of the disease and typically consist of a generalized papular eruption that can involve the palms and soles, genitals, and mucous membranes. Patients with syphilis and concomitant HIV infection may have altered presentations. We report a case of a 41-year-old HIV-positive man who presented with a papular rash of a few months' duration and was diagnosed with secondary syphilis.

Dhaliwal, Shagun; Patel, Mahir

2012-01-01

463

Effective Personnel Control Practices Employed by Industrial Arts Teachers in the Secondary School Classrooms of the Metropolitan Areas of Colorado.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To determine significant principles underlying effective personnel control in the classroom-laboratory of the secondary school industrial arts program, a questionnaire was formulated consisting of a biographical information form and a form soliciting teacher reaction to current pupil control practices. Questionnaires were completed by 160 (70…

Svendsen, Clarence Roger

464

The Senior High-School Principalship: The Study of the Secondary-School Principalship. A Report. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents some of the data gathered in a survey of approximately 16,000 secondary school principals in the United States during the 1963-64 school year. Five different 125-item questionnaires were used in the survey, with approximately 3,200 principals answering each questionnaire. Altogether, 354 different questions were asked, 54 of…

Hemphill, John K.; And Others

465

Vienna RNA secondary structure server  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Vienna RNA secondary structure server provides a web interface to the most frequently used functions of the Vienna RNA software package for the analysis of RNA secondary structures. It currently offers prediction of secondary structure from a single sequence, prediction of the consensus secondary structure for a set of aligned sequences, and the design of sequences that will fold

Ivo L. Hofacker

2003-01-01

466

Agreement between Responses to a Standardized Asthma Questionnaire and a Questionnaire following a Demonstration of Asthma Symptoms in Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asthma epidemiology relies heavily on standardized questionnaires, but little is known about the understanding of asthma symptoms among adults in the community. In 2004, the authors assessed the level of agreement between responses to a standardized questionnaire and responses to a questionnaire completed by participants after viewing a demonstration of asthma symptoms. The study involved 601 young adults from Chile.

Nigel C. Smeeton; Roberto J. Rona; Manuel Oyarzun; Patricia V. Diaz

2006-01-01

467

The negative affect repair questionnaire: factor analysis and psychometric evaluation in three samples  

PubMed Central

Background Negative affect and difficulties in its regulation have been connected to several adverse psychological consequences. While several questionnaires exist, it would be important to have a theory-based measure that includes clinically relevant items and shows good psychometric properties in healthy and patient samples. This study aims at developing such a questionnaire, combining the two Gross [1] scales Reappraisal and Suppression with an additional response-focused scale called Externalizing Behavioral Strategies covering clinically relevant items. Methods The samples consisted of 684 students (mean age?=?23.3, SD?=?3.5; 53.6% female) and 369 persons with mixed mental disorders (mean age?=?36.0 SD?=?14.6; 71.2% female). Items for the questionnaire were derived from existing questionnaires and additional items were formulated based on suggestions by clinical experts. All items start with “When I don’t feel well, in order to feel better…”. Participants rated how frequently they used each strategy on a 5-point Likert scale. Confirmatory Factor Analyses were conducted to verify the factor structure in two separate student samples and a clinical sample. Group comparisons and correlations with other questionnaires were calculated to ensure validity. Results After modification, the CFA showed good model fit in all three samples. Reliability scores (Cronbach’s ?) for the three NARQ scales ranged between .71 and .80. Comparisons between students and persons with mental disorders showed the postulated relationships, as did comparisons between male and female students and persons with or without Borderline Personality Disorder. Correlations with other questionnaires suggest the NARQ’s construct validity. Conclusions The results indicate that the NARQ is a psychometrically sound and reliable measure with practical use for therapy planning and tracking of treatment outcome across time. We advocate the integration of the new response-focused strategy in the Gross’s model of emotion regulation.

2013-01-01

468

The Comparative Validity of Interactive Multimedia Questionnaires to Paper-Administered Questionnaires for Beverage Intake and Physical Activity: Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

Background Brief, valid, and reliable dietary and physical activity assessment tools are needed, and interactive computerized assessments (ie, those with visual cues, pictures, sounds, and voiceovers) can reduce administration and scoring burdens commonly encountered with paper-based assessments. Objective The purpose of this pilot investigation was to evaluate the comparative validity and reliability of interactive multimedia (IMM) versions (ie, IMM-1 and IMM-2) compared to validated paper-administered (PP) versions of the beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ-15) and Stanford Leisure-Time Activity Categorical Item (L-Cat); a secondary purpose was to evaluate results across two education attainment levels. Methods Adults 21 years or older (n=60) were recruited to complete three laboratory sessions, separated by three to seven days in a randomly assigned sequence, with the following assessments–demographic information, two IMM and one paper-based (PP) version of the BEVQ-15 and L-Cat, health literacy, and an IMM usability survey. Results Responses across beverage categories from the IMM-1 and PP versions (validity; r=.34-.98) and the IMM-1 and IMM-2 administrations (reliability; r=.61-.94) (all P<.001) were significantly correlated. Paired t tests revealed significant differences in sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) grams and kcal (P=.02 and P=.01, respectively) and total beverage kcal (P=.03), on IMM-1 and IMM-2; however, comparative validity was demonstrated between IMM-2 and the PP version suggesting familiarization with the IMM tool may influence participant responses (mean differences: SSB 63 grams, SEM 87; P=.52; SSB 21 kcal, SEM 33; P=.48; total beverage 65 kcal, SEM 49; P=.19). Overall mean scores between the PP and both IMM versions of the L-Cat were different (both P<.001); however, responses on all versions were correlated (P<.001). Differences between education categories were noted at each L-Cat administration (IMM-1: P=.008; IMM-2: P=.001; PP: P=.002). Major and minor themes from user feedback suggest that the IMM questionnaires were easy to complete, and relevant to participants' typical beverage choices and physical activity habits. Conclusions In general, less educated participants consumed more total beverage and SSB energy, and reported less engagement in physical activity. The IMM BEVQ-15 appears to be a valid and reliable measure to assess habitual beverage intake, although software familiarization may increase response accuracy. The IMM-L-Cat can be considered reliable and may have permitted respondents to more freely disclose actual physical activity levels versus the paper-administered tool. Future larger-scale investigations are warranted to confirm these possibilities.

Riebl, Shaun K; Paone, Allyson C; Hedrick, Valisa E; Zoellner, Jamie M; Estabrooks, Paul A

2013-01-01

469

Secondary Services in Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic characteristics of sixty-nine secondary services in physics were analyzed in terms of sponsorship and distribution by: (1) country of origin, (2) language, (3) age, (4) frequency of publication, (5) subject and geographical coverage and (6) size. The eight major services, in terms of size, are identified. The use of the services by the…

Cooper, Marianne; Terry, Edward

470

Modernising Portugal's Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Portugal has a total of 477 public secondary schools. Some date from the end of the 19th century but the majority were built after 1970, reflecting the period of expansion in the school network and the extension of compulsory schooling. The schools are heterogeneous in terms of building types, architectural features and quality. An assessment of…

Heitor, Teresa V.

2008-01-01

471

Secondary oil recovery process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A secondary recovery process is described which employs the steps of (1) injecting into the formation via an injection well a solution of a polymerized methacrylate in a water-miscible solvent, and (2) recovering from the formation oil displaced by the injected solution via the production well. Optionally, after step (1), a hydrocarbon fluid can be injected via the injection well

A. Brown; S. F. Hager; M. Chichakli; C. H. Wu

1977-01-01

472

Dynamics of secondary forests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The succession of tropical secondary forests on abandoned agricultural fields has been studied since long, most often by comparing stands of different age since abandonment. These so-called chronosequence studies have yielded much insight in general patterns of succession and the constraints and conditions that affect the course of succession (shortly reviewed in chapter 1). Successional dynamics, however, are inferred rather

Breugel van M

2007-01-01

473

Secondary Lithium Batteries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It has been discovered that some fusible alloys composed of Bi, Pb, Sn and Cd exhibit good characteristics as the material of the negative electrode of secondary lithium batteries. The alloy electrode allows charging and discharging by such reaction to ab...

Y. Toyoguchi J. Yamaura T. Matsui N. Koshiba T. Shigematsu

1986-01-01

474

Secondary Syphilitic Lesions  

PubMed Central

An important theme that emerges from all early historical accounts is that in addition to the decreased virulence of Treponema pallidum, the incidence of secondary syphilis has decreased drastically over the past three centuries. Even in the early 20th century, most syphilologists were of the opinion that the disease had undergone changes in its manifestations and that they were dealing with an attenuated form of the spirochete. Such opinions were based primarily on the observations that violent cutaneous reactions and fatalities associated with the secondary stage had become extremely rare. The rate of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States increased in 2002 for the second consecutive year. After a decade-long decline that led to an all-time low in 2000, the recent trend is attributable, to a large extent, by a increase in reported syphilis cases among men, particularly homosexual and bisexual men having sex with men. The present review addresses the clinical and diagnostic criteria for the recognition of secondary syphilis, the clinical course and manifestations of the disease if allowed to proceed past the primary stage of disease in untreated individuals, and the treatment for this stage of the disease.

Baughn, Robert E.; Musher, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

475

Secondary Dance Instructional Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual provides guidelines for dance teachers in secondary schools. A brief statement is made on the purpose and philosophy of dance education, and activities and instructional suggestions are presented for various dance forms: (1) group dance--folk/ethnic, square dance, and social dance; (2) aerobic dance; (3) jazz dance; (4) modern dance;…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD. Dept. of Instructional Planning and Development.

476

Secondary Emission Multiplier Structure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The secondary emission multiplier structure is for use in electron tubes wherein there is an electron-optical image, such as image intensifier tubes. The structure consists of a plurality of plates or sheets of material each having a number of tapered con...

E. W. Poor

1965-01-01

477

Secondary alkaline batteries  

SciTech Connect

This report on secondary alkaline batteries covers the overall reactions (charge/discharge characteristics), electrode structures and materials, and cell construction. The following batteries are studied, nickel oxide-cadmium, nickel oxide-iron, nickel oxide-hydrogen, nickel oxide-zinc, silver oxide-zinc, and silver oxide-cadmium, silver oxide-iron, and manganese dioxide-zinc batteries.

McBreen, J.

1984-03-01

478

[Postrubella secondary pigmentary retinopathy].  

PubMed

The paper presents the case of an 11 years-old child with secondary pigmentary retinopathy, atrial septal defect, facial dysmorphia with mandibular hypoplasia: all these malformations are part of the congenital rubeola syndrome. The patient has a twin brother presenting similar manifestations, but having a different expressivity. PMID:8338828

Nicu, C; Damian, C; Glavici, M

479

Secondary metabolism in tobacco  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco has been quite well studied phytochemically, more than 2500 compounds have been identified. Here, the secondary metabolism in tobacco will be reviewed in a biosynthetic perspective. Major groups of compounds which have extensively been studied are the isoprenoids, alkaloids, cinnamoylputrescines, flavonoids, and anthocyanins. Their biosynthetic pathways and its regulation, and their occurrence in cell cultures and in intact plants

Laurentius H. Nugroho; Robert Verpoorte

2002-01-01

480

Health outcomes among American Indians with spinal cord injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Krause JS, Coker JL, Charlifue S, Whiteneck GG. Health outcomes among American Indians with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81:924-31. Objective: To identify factors related to risk for poor health outcomes and secondary conditions in a sample of American Indians with spinal cord injury (SCI). Design: Interviews were conducted by telephone with most participants; those who did not

J. Stuart Krause; Jennifer L. Coker; Susan Charlifue; Gale G. Whiteneck

2000-01-01

481

Bisphosphonate use and health history questionnaire.  

PubMed

The health history form is a rapid, time-honored method used by practitioners to assess a patient's medical history before treatment. Because of increased reports of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ), we investigated the percentage of our patients taking oral bisphosphonates who actually reported taking the medication on our health history form. A questionnaire inquiring about bisphosphonate use was sent to 1,400 female patients who had undergone implant placement in the last five years. A total of 500 responses were received; of these, 112 reported they used bisphosphonates. We then reviewed the charts of the 112 patients to determine the percentage of patients who had included bisphosphonate use in their health history form. Only 35% of our patients who were using bisphosphonates had reported taking bisphosphonates on the health history form. With the difficulties in treating BRONJ, we strongly suggest including direct questions concerning bisphosphonate use in the medical history form so practitioners can identify the patient population that is at risk and can modify the treatment plan to avoid potentially disastrous clinical situations. PMID:19195232

Dao, Volong; Kraut, Richard A

2008-11-01

482

Defensive practice among psychiatrists: a questionnaire survey  

PubMed Central

Objective: There has been little research on the prevalence of defensive practice within hospital settings. The aim of this report was to examine the extent of defensiveness among psychiatrists and to examine the relationship between defensiveness and seniority, as well as the effect of previous experiences on the level of defensiveness. Design: A postal questionnaire survey on defensive practice. Setting: Northern Region of England. Subjects: 154 psychiatrists in the region. Results: 96 responses were received from 48 equivalent consultants, 18 specialist registrars, and 23 equivalent senior house officers. Overall, 75% of those who replied had taken defensive actions within the past month. In particular, 21% had admitted patients overcautiously and 29% had placed patients on higher levels of observations. Junior psychiatrists were particularly prone to practise defensively. Important contributing factors included previous experience of complaints (against colleague or self), critical incidents, and legal claims. Conclusion: Almost three quarters of the psychiatrists who responded had practised defensively within the past month. The higher propensity of junior trainees to practise defensively may be attributable to their lack of confidence and experience. Experience of complaints (colleague or self) and critical incidents were important factors for defensive practice. Better and more structured training might reduce the high level of defensive practice and the way complaints and investigations are handled should be improved to maintain a truly "no blame" environment conducive to learning from past experience.

Passmore, K; Leung, W

2002-01-01

483

Correlation between single limb support phase and self-evaluation questionnaires in knee osteoarthritis populations  

PubMed Central

Purpose. To investigate the correlation between single limb support (SLS) phase (% of gait cycle) and the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) questionnaire and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 Health Survey) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Method. A prospective observational study was employed with 125 adults with bilateral medial compartment symptomatic knee OA who underwent a physical and radiographic evaluation. Velocity, step length and SLS were assessed by a computerised mat (GAITRite). Patients completed the WOMAC and SF-36 Health Survey questionnaires. Results. Statistical analysis examined the correlations between SLS and both questionnaires, between Kellgren & Lawrence (K&L) scores and both questionnaires and between SLS correlations and K&L correlations. We found significantly stronger correlations between SLS and WOMAC-pain, WOMAC-function, the SF-36 pain sub-category, velocity and step length than between K&L scores and these parameters (Pearson's r— 0.50 vs. 0.26, 0.53 vs. 0.34, 0.50 vs. 023, 0.81 vs. 0.33, 0.77 vs. 0.37, respectively; all p 5 0.05). Significant differences in SLS were found over WOMAC-pain, WOMAC-function and SF-36 overall score quartiles (p 5 0.05 for all). Conclusion. We recommend integrating SLS as an objective parameter in the comprehensive evaluation of patients with knee OA.

DEBI, RONEN; MOR, AMIT; SEGAL, GANIT; SEGAL, OFER; AGAR, GABRIEL; DEBBI, EYTAN; HALPERIN, NAHUM; HAIM, AMIR; ELBAZ, AVI

2011-01-01

484

Questionnaire severity measures for depression: a threat to the doctor-patient relationship?  

PubMed Central

Background Since 2006 the Quality Outcomes Framework (QOF) has rewarded GPs for carrying out standardised assessments of the severity of symptoms of depression in newly diagnosed patients. Aim To gain understanding of GPs' opinions and perceived impact on practice of the routine introduction of standardised questionnaire measures of severity of depression through the UK general practice contract QOF. Design of study Semi-structured qualitative interview study, with purposive sampling and constant comparative analysis. Setting Thirty-four GPs from among 38 study general practices in three sites in England, UK: Southampton, Liverpool, and Norfolk. Method GPs were interviewed at a time convenient to them by trained interviewers. Interviews were audiorecorded and transcribed verbatim in preparation for thematic analysis, to identify key views. Results Analysis of the interviews suggested that the use of severity questionnaires posed an intrusion into the consultation. GPs discursively polarised two technologies: formal assessment versus personal enquiry, emphasising the need to ensure the scores are used sensitively and as an aid to clinical judgement rather than as a substitute. Importantly, these challenges implicitly served a function of preserving GPs' identities as professionals with expertise, constructed as integral to the process of diagnosis. Conclusion GP accounts indicated concern about threats to patient care. Contention between using severity questionnaires and delivering individualised patient care is significantly motivated by GP concerns to preserve professional expertise and identity. It is important to learn from GP concerns to help establish how best to optimise the use of severity questionnaires in depression.

Leydon, Geraldine M; Dowrick, Christopher F; McBride, Anita S; Burgess, Hana J; Howe, Amanda C; Clarke, Pamela D; Maisey, Susan P; Kendrick, Tony

2011-01-01

485

A modified Inflammatory Bowel Disease questionnaire and the Vaizey Incontinence questionnaire are simple ways to identify patients with significant gastrointestinal symptoms after pelvic radiotherapy.  

PubMed

After radiotherapy for pelvic cancer, chronic gastrointestinal problems may affect quality of life (QOL) in 6-78% of patients. This variation may be due to true differences in outcome in different diseases, and may also represent the inadequacy of the scales used to measure radiotherapy-induced gastrointestinal side effects. The aim of this study was to assess whether outcome measures used for nonmalignant gastrointestinal disease are useful to detect gastrointestinal morbidity after radiotherapy. Results obtained from a Vaizey Incontinence questionnaire and a modified Inflammatory Bowel Disease questionnaire (IBDQ)--both patient completed--were compared to those from a staff administered Late Effects on Normal Tissue (LENT)--Subjective, Objective, Management and Analytic (SOMA) questionnaire in patients who had completed radiotherapy for a pelvic tumour at least 3 months previously. In all, 142 consecutive patients were recruited, 72 male and 70 female, median age 66 years (range 26-90 years), a median of 27 (range 3-258) months after radiotherapy. In total, 62 had been treated for a gynaecological, 58, a urological and 22, a gastrointestinal tract tumour. Of these, 21 had undergone previous gastrointestinal surgery and seven suffered chronic gastrointestinal disorders preceding their diagnosis of cancer. The Vaizey questionnaire suggested that 27% patients were incontinent for solid stools, 35% for liquid stools and 37% could not defer defaecation for 15 min. The IBDQ suggested that 89% had developed a chronic change in bowel habit and this change significantly affected 49% patients: 44% had more frequent or looser bowel movements, 30% were troubled by abdominal pain, 30% were troubled by bloating, 28% complained of tenesmus, 27% were troubled by their accidental soiling and 20% had rectal bleeding. At least 34% suffered emotional distress and 22% impairment of social function because of their bowels. The small intestine/colon SOMA median score was 0.1538 (range 0-1) and the rectal SOMA median score was 0.1428 (range 0-1). Pearson's correlations for the IBDQ score and small intestine/colon SOMA score was -0.630 (P<0.001), IBDQ and rectum SOMA -0.616 (P<0.001), IBDQ and Vaizey scores -0.599 (P<0.001), Vaizey and small intestine/colon SOMA 0.452 (P<0.001) and Vaizey and rectum SOMA 0.760 (P<0.001). After radiotherapy for a tumour in the pelvis, half of all patients develop gastrointestinal morbidity, which affects their QOL. A modified IBDQ and Vaizey questionnaire are reliable in assessing new gastrointestinal symptoms as well as overall QOL and are much easier to use than LENT SOMA. PMID:15856043

Olopade, F A; Norman, A; Blake, P; Dearnaley, D P; Harrington, K J; Khoo, V; Tait, D; Hackett, C; Andreyev, H J N

2005-05-01

486

Ocular motility disorders secondary to sinus surgery.  

PubMed

Sinus surgery has multiple potential ocular complications including visual loss, diplopia, infection, hemorrhage, and epiphora. We report six patients with ocular motility problems secondary to sinus surgery, review the literature on ocular motility disorders secondary to sinus surgery, and propose an approach for management of those ocular motility problems following sinus surgery. Intranasal sinus surgery was found to be the most common procedure resulting in injury to an extraocular muscle and the ethmoid sinus the most common structure being operated on when injury occurred. The medial rectus was the muscle most commonly injured and it had the poorest prognosis for recovery of functional vision free of diplopia. Optimal timing for repair depends on the structure injured, but early recognition and management appear to be a key to the best outcome for these injuries. PMID:8443115

Penne, R B; Flanagan, J C; Stefanyszyn, M A; Nowinski, T

1993-01-01

487

Measuring Gambling Outcomes Among College Students  

PubMed Central

The present research describes the proposal and validation of three gambling outcome measures, the Gambling Quantity and Perceived Norms Scale (GQPN), the Gambling Problem Index (GPI), and the Gambling Readiness to Change Questionnaire (GRTC). The study consisted of 560 undergraduate college students who completed a survey including the newly constructed measures and other measures designed to assess convergent validity. Results confirmed good reliability and convergent validity of all three measures. Implications for evaluating efficacy of treatment and prevention interventions are detailed.

Neighbors, Clayton; Lostutter, Ty W.; Larimer, Mary E.; Takushi, Ruby Y.

2006-01-01

488

Movement of All Registrants among B.C. Public Post-Secondary Institutions. Research Results from the Student Transitions Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this study, the Student Transitions Project (STP) examined the movement of all British Columbia (BC) pubic post-secondary registrants between post-secondary institutions from 2003/03 to the Fall of 2007. This is an expansion of STP's previous research focusing on the movement and outcomes of a cohort of BC secondary school graduates. (Contains…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

489

Movement of All Registrants among B.C. Public Post-Secondary Institutions. Research Results from the Student Transitions Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the Student Transitions Project (STP) examined the movement of all British Columbia (BC) pubic post-secondary registrants between post-secondary institutions from 2003/03 to the Fall of 2007. This is an expansion of STP's previous research focusing on the movement and outcomes of a cohort of BC secondary school graduates. (Contains…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

490

[Secondary prevention after a myocardial infarction].  

PubMed

Patients after a myocardial infarction are at increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. They require aggressive secondary preventive measures to control cardiovascular risk factors, and prescription of some pharmacological agents. Compelling data derived from randomized controlled trials have shown the benefits of aspirin (or clopidogrel), statins, beta-blockers and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, in preventing recurrent events and improving survival. In some cases oral anticoagulants or fibrates may be necessary. Other agents as antioxidant vitamins, folate and B vitamins are disappointing. Lifestyle and dietary modifications can also have an important beneficial effect on mortality rates and should never be neglected. PMID:16910265

Lousberg, P; Piérard, L A

491

The Role of Counselling and Parental Encouragement on Re-Entry of Adolescents into Secondary Schools in Abia State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined the role of counselling, and parental encouragement on re-entry of adolescents into secondary school in Abia State, Nigeria. A total of 353 adolescents who re-entered school were selected from six secondary schools in the State through a simple random sampling technique. A validated questionnaire was used for data analysis.…

Alika, Henrietta Ijeoma; Ohanaka, Blessing Ijeoma

2013-01-01

492

How Secondary History Teachers Use and Think About Museums: Current Practices and Untapped Promise for Promoting Historical Understanding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Museums have great potential to help secondary students develop a deep understanding of the past; however, we know little about what history teachers actually do or want to accomplish when they utilize museums. In this study, the authors draw on questionnaire and interview data from 94 secondary history teachers in Connecticut in an effort to understand teachers' objectives, practices, and

Alan S. Marcus; Thomas H. Levine; Robin S. Grenier

2012-01-01

493

The Role of Counselling and Parental Encouragement on Re-Entry of Adolescents into Secondary Schools in Abia State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examined the role of counselling, and parental encouragement on re-entry of adolescents into secondary school in Abia State, Nigeria. A total of 353 adolescents who re-entered school were selected from six secondary schools in the State through a simple random sampling technique. A validated questionnaire was used for data analysis.…

Alika, Henrietta Ijeoma; Ohanaka, Blessing Ijeoma

2013-01-01

494

How Secondary History Teachers Use and Think about Museums: Current Practices and Untapped Promise for Promoting Historical Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Museums have great potential to help secondary students develop a deep understanding of the past; however, we know little about what history teachers actually do or want to accomplish when they utilize museums. In this study, the authors draw on questionnaire and interview data from 94 secondary history teachers in Connecticut in an effort to…

Marcus, Alan S.; Levine, Thomas H.; Grenier, Robin S.

2012-01-01

495

Hand Hygiene Practices among Nursing Staff in Public Secondary Care Hospitals in Kuwait: Self-Report and Direct Observation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the compliance with hand hygiene guidelines among nursing staff in secondary care hospitals in Kuwait. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through direct observation using the Lewisham observation tool and self-administered questionnaire in six major public secondary care hospitals in Kuwait. Only patient care activities that are described as ‘dirty contacts’ by the Fulkerson scale

Batool Al-Wazzan; Yasmeen Salmeen; Eisa Al-Amiri; Ala’a Abul; Manal Bouhaimed; Abdullah Al-Taiar

2011-01-01

496

[Face validity of a French questionnaire to screen binge eating disorder in adolescents].  

PubMed

Binge eating disorder is often associated with obesity. It has many psychosocial and somatic consequences and affects obesity treatment outcome. Binge eating has been observed in very young populations. Studies have shown that complications associated with binge eating disorder can appear in children, even when all the criteria included in the definition of the disorder for adults are not met. Therefore, provisional criteria have been proposed to investigate binge eating disorder among children and adolescents. There is an urgent need to enhance the screening of binge eating disorder in the young population, first in order to document the disorder and second to allow for tailored treatment of these populations. Currently, there is no scale in French to detect this type of disorder among children or adolescents. The aim of this study was to develop a self-administered questionnaire in French, which could be used as a screening tool for binge eating disorder among adolescents. We have developed a self-administered questionnaire, based on a previous questionnaire and provisional criteria proposed in the English-speaking world. In the present study, we assessed how the target population understood the expressions used in the questionnaire and refined terminology according to the results. Nineteen adolescents aged 11-18 years (normal weight or with obesity) were interviewed about their understanding of the questionnaire, using a structured individual interview. After completing the questions on their own, because the goal was to end up with a self-administered tool, they were asked to explain their own understanding of each question and to reformulate the terms used. The results highlighted that some words or sentences were misunderstood by adolescents, and we developed more adequate formulations as a consequence. Some terms used in their figurative sense had to be modified. Respondents found it difficult to assess duration and frequency of their behavior and suggested changing the open-ended answers to categories. Over the course of answering the questionnaire, they tended to forget the context and related their answers to their general eating behavior. Therefore, the context (binging) was repeated in each question of the modified version. A self-administered questionnaire can be effective in detecting problematic eating behaviors among adolescents and is a good first step before a diagnosis clarification by a professional. Our results show the importance of development and evaluation with the target population. The discriminant validity of the questionnaire will be evaluated by comparison with an assessment by a professional in a further study. PMID:23932877

Carrard, I; Kruseman, M; Di Capua, D; Suringar, V; Chamay Weber, C

2013-08-08

497

[Left ventricular noncompaction concurrent with bronchoectatic disease complicated by secondary AA-amyloidosis with renal involvement].  

PubMed

The paper describes a clinical case of congenital cardiomyopathy (left ventricular noncompaction) concurrent with secondary amyloidosis and renal involvement that develops at the outcome of long existing brochoectatic disease. PMID:20364708

Fomin, V V; Rameev, V V; Sedov, V P; Severova, M M; Svet, A V; Miroshnichenko, N G; Kozlovskaia, L V

2010-01-01

498

Understanding Outcomes Data  

MedlinePLUS

... Email this page Print this page Understanding outcomes data Tweet Doctors and researchers are working to help ... How you and your doctor can use outcomes data Prognosis Outcomes data can help you and your ...

499

Secondary aortoduodenal fistula.  

PubMed

Secondary aortoenteric fistula (SAF) is now recognized as an uncommon but exceedingly important complication of abdominal aortic reconstruction. The complication often occurs months to years after the original surgery. The main clinical manifestation of the disease is always upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment of the disease is early surgical intervention. The mortality is high if no prompt operation. We present a case of secondary aortoduodenal fistula (SADF) found 20 days after aortic reconstructive surgery, with the clinical presentation of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Even immediate exploratory laparotomy was performed, the patient died 48 hrs after the surgical management. Because of the increasing number of elective aortic aneurysm repairs in the aging population, it is likely that more patients with SAF will present to the clinical physicians in the future. So, a high index of suspicion is necessary for prompt diagnosis and treatment of this actually life-threatening event. PMID:12479626

Chang, Meng-Wei; Chan, Yi-Ling; Hsieh, Hung-Chang; Chang, Shy-Shin

2002-09-01

500

Prevalence of Airway Obstruction Assessed by Lung Function Questionnaire  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of unidentified chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and determine the screening accuracy of the Lung Function Questionnaire (LFQ). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cigarette smokers who had a smoking history of 10 or more pack-years and were aged 30 years or older were recruited from 36 centers from February 18, 2009, to May 29, 2009. A total of 1575 patients completed a Web-based survey including the 5-item LFQ. Spirometry was performed on patients with an LFQ total score of 18 or less and on a subset scoring more than 18. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients at risk of airflow obstruction as measured by the LFQ (score, ?18) in whom an airflow obstruction was confirmed by spirometry. RESULTS: Of the patients who completed the LFQ, 849 (54%) had standardized spirometry data available. On the basis of LFQ and spirometry results, the estimated prevalence of possible COPD was 17.9% (95% confidence interval, 15.3%-20.6%). At a cut point of 18 or less, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the LFQ were 88%, 25%, 21%, and 90%, respectively. Approximately 1 in 5 patients (21%) aged 30 years or older and 1 in 4 (26%) aged 50 years or older scored 18 or less on the LFQ and had a ratio of forced expiratory volume in the first second of expiration to forced vital capacity less than 0.70. CONCLUSION: On the basis of postbronchodilator spirometry results using weighted estimates, approximately 1 in 5 patients (21%) aged 30 years or older with a smoking history of 10 or more pack-years seen in a primary care settin