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1

Student Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty  

E-print Network

and services are open to all SFU students: undergraduate, graduate, international, mature, EAL/ESL, and othersStudent Learning Commons Questions & Answers for Faculty What is the SFU Student Learning Commons? The Student Learning Commons (SLC), is an academic learning centre which provides peer-based assistance

2

Drug Facts Chat Day: NIH Experts Answer Students' Drug Questions  

MedlinePLUS

... Home Current Issue Past Issues Drug Facts Chat Day: NIH Experts Answer Students' Drug Questions Past Issues / ... Drug Abuse during their first Drug Facts Chat Day. Photo courtesy of NIDA The questions poured in… ...

3

Student Evaluations That Generate More Questions Than Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a chemical educator, one of the author's primary goals is to provide students with tools for effective learning, hopefully doing so in an engaging, motivating, and incrementally challenging experience. In her quest to figure out how to do a better job, student evaluations seemed a logical place to start looking for answers. Even though others have contested the meaningfulness of student evaluations as tools for teaching improvements (Kelter 2004), her experience, which is described in this article, provides valuable insights into how these evaluations could help improve her teaching.

Oliver-Hoyo, Maria

2008-09-01

4

Developing Underprepared College Students' Question-Answering Skill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two approaches for preparing students to take standardized reading tests. Discusses study that used a pretest-posttest design with reading-comprehension passages and questions to assess improvement. Suggests that measurable gain in short-term developmental programs may require focusing on a more modest number of teaching objectives,…

Taraban, Roman; Becton, Stacia M.; Shufeldt, Michael; Stirling, Thomas; Johnson, Matthew C.; Childers, Kristyn

1997-01-01

5

Reynolds_Answers N11.pdf Student questions: Stephen Reynolds colloquium on "Perception, Visualization, Cognition, and  

E-print Network

blind, such as not including certain colors on maps. Question 1: Do you feel like students benefit more. Question 2: What grade level/age group were the students in the figure transition experiment? All studetnsReynolds_Answers N11.pdf 1 Student questions: Stephen Reynolds colloquium on "Perception

Shumway, John

6

Teachers' Answers to Students' Questions: Problematizing the Issue of Making Meaning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes how three university teachers of English as a Second Language answered student' requests for help in understanding unknown vocabulary items during lessons mediated via a task-based, small group methodology. Notes that teachers tended to answer learners' referential questions with display questions of their own. (68 references) (Author/CK)

Markee, Numa P.

1995-01-01

7

Hints for Students (and Examiners) on Answering MCQ Questions of the Multiple True/False Type.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses some difficulties that medical students experience in taking exams containing multiple choice questions. Differentiates between multiple true/false type questions, in which several answers may be true, and one-out-of-four type, in which only one answer is correct. Provides tips for taking and making multiple choice tests. (TW)

Biran, Leonard A.

1986-01-01

8

OSU Domestic Student Health Insurance Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

contraceptives? Aetna Student Health Insurance does cover contraceptive prescriptions and devices. Birth control Surgery Spinal Fusion Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty Oral/Maxillofacial Surgical Procedures and Dental Implants/Oral

Tullos, Desiree

9

Student Testing and Assessment: Answering the Legal Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide examines the legal issues to consider in setting policy on the appropriate uses, and consequences, of student testing, and explores the controversies that have arisen in places where new polices were implemented. Chapter 1, "An Overview of Student Testing and Assessment," provides a brief overview of some of the state and federal legal…

Buckman, Dana T.; Coleman, Arthur L.; Farmelo, David A.; Gittins, Naomi E.; Mehfoud, Kathleen S.; Thomas, Lori S.; Wood, R. Craig

10

Olum_Answers 113.pdf Student questions: Ken Olum colloquium on "Cosmic Strings in 3D"  

E-print Network

, which potentially emit cosmic rays and gravitational radiation, for 2-dimensional topological defectsOlum_Answers 113.pdf 1 Student questions: Ken Olum colloquium on "Cosmic Strings in 3D" 1 in the cosmic string? In my simulation of loops, the color showed how long the loop was. All the very long

Shumway, John

11

Ishii_Answers 212.pdf Student questions: Miaki Ishii colloquium on "Dissecting Giant Earthquakes: Things We  

E-print Network

Ishii_Answers 212.pdf 1 Student questions: Miaki Ishii colloquium on "Dissecting Giant Earthquakes: Things We Didn't Know" 2/15/12 You talked about how an earthquake in the ocean is more likely to cause aftershocks because of the presence of water near the fault. Earthquakes in oceans do not necessarily generate

Elser, Jim

12

Blandford_Answers N11.pdf Student questions: Roger Blandford colloquium on "The Golden Crab"  

E-print Network

Blandford_Answers N11.pdf 1 Student questions: Roger Blandford colloquium on "The Golden Crab" 11 benefit from observing and analyzing the Crab Nebula? To me it sounds like engineers trying to advance alternative energies could learn from how the crab nebula functions. Instrumentalists can learn from

Shumway, John

13

Towards Answering Procedural Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we first present an analysis of pro- cedural question structure. Next, we investigate the structure of procedural texts and of the relevant rhetorical relations of interest for answering ques- tions. We then show how, from a linguistic point of view, questions and procedural text fragments can match in order to produce responses.

Farida Aouladomar

14

Question All Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council for Advancement and Support of Education's Teacher of the Year John Roth teaches students that conclusions shouldn't come easily, encouraging them to question everything they hear, read, or assume, including what he says. (MSE)

Barre, Nancy

1989-01-01

15

Knowledge based question answering  

SciTech Connect

The natural language database query system incorporated in the Knobs Interactive Planning System comprises a dictionary driven parser, APE-II, and script interpreter whch yield a conceptual dependency as a representation of the meaning of user input. A conceptualisation pattern matching production system then determines and executes a procedure for extracting the desired information from the database. In contrast to syntax driven q-a systems, e.g. those based on atn parsers, APE-II is driven bottom-up by expectations associated with word meanings. The goals of this approach include utilising similar representations for questions with similar meanings but widely varying surface structures, developing a powerful mechanism for the disambiguation of words with multiple meanings and the determination of pronoun referents, answering questions which require inferences to be understood, and interpreting ellipses and ungrammatical statements. The Knobs demonstration system is an experimental, expert system for air force mission planning applications. 16 refs.

Pazzani, M.J.; Engelman, C.

1983-01-01

16

Exploiting redundancy in question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our goal is to automatically answer brief factual questions of the form ``When was the Battle of Hastings?'' or ``Who wrote The Wind in the Willows?''. Since the answer to nearly any such question can now be found somewhere on the Web, the problem reduces to finding potential answers in large volumes of data and validating their accuracy. We apply

Charles L. A. Clarke; Gordon V. Cormack; Thomas R. Lynam

2001-01-01

17

The methods that college students use to answer questions about stereochemistry involving spatial ability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction. The research problem investigated involved determining the spatial techniques used by students when they solved problems relating to stereochemistry using both traditional and non-traditional techniques. The main reason for undertaking this study was to determine how to help students invoke their spatial ability in solving problems during their organic chemistry courses. The project allowed students to generate their own understanding of the material, to gain experience in order to increase their knowledge, and to be actively involved in the learning process in order for true understanding to take place. Methods. The qualitative methodology for the project included a background questionnaire and the Purdue Visualization of Rotations Exam to determine the five students to be interviewed. The class participated in three multimedia lectures, an in-class assignment, and an on-line homework activity, which allowed multiple ways of incorporating the material. These activities included hand-drawing structures, making non-traditional models as well as traditional models, and computer related exercises that required differing aspects of spatial ability and engagement. Five students participated in an individual and small group interview in which rotation ability as well as visualization ability was assessed using physical molecular models as well as computer models. Results. This study is significant for the field of science education and chemistry because it determined that students with varying levels of spatial ability preferred different tools and used different skills when answering questions about stereochemistry that require spatial ability. There was a pronounced difference in the ability of low and high spatial ability students to draw and make structures that required three-dimensional aspects. A distinct preference for working with the physical model kit over the computer-enhanced program was also noted. An online resource for instructors and students of organic chemistry to use when studying stereochemistry was developed during the project. Conclusions. The potential impact on teaching and learning is that other instructors of chemistry will be able to develop problems and training sessions for their specific students that are "tailor made" to fit their students' abilities and interests. Consequently, students with either high or low spatial ability can work problems with tools that best fit their skills.

Strange de Soria, Luise Ethelyn

18

Researching the Quest: Are Community College Students Motivated by Question-and-Answer Reviews?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Any effort to assess the motivational techniques employed by community college faculty is complicated by the inter-connectedness of motivational techniques and teaching techniques, as improved teaching results in improved motivation. Nonetheless, this research poses a motivation-related question: Does the use of daily question-and-answer reviews…

Cavendish, Don F., Jr.

2010-01-01

19

Using Question Answer Relationships in Science Instruction to Increase the Reading Achievement of Struggling Readers and Students with Reading Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Question Answer Relationship (QAR) literacy strategy was integrated into science instruction in a fourth grade classroom. Ten students who struggled with reading, including some who were diagnosed with a reading disability, participated in this study. Significant gains were made in reading by the 10 student participants in comprehending…

Kinniburgh, Leah H.; Baxter, Abigail

2012-01-01

20

Towards a Virtual Teaching Assistant to Answer Questions Asked by Students in Introductory Computer Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This dissertation analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the…

Heiner, Cecily

2009-01-01

21

Hydrosphere: Questions and Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Detailed Example of Using Socratic Questioning in Class Content Area: Hydrosphere Back to Example This sample of plausible questions and responses is designed to help guide the instructor through an entire Socratic ...

22

Towards a virtual teaching assistant to answer questions asked by students in introductory computer science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students in introductory programming classes often articulate their questions and information needs incompletely. Consequently, the automatic classification of student questions to provide automated tutorial responses is a challenging problem. This dissertation analyzes 411 questions from an introductory Java programming course by reducing the natural language of the questions to a vector space, and then utilizing cosine similarity to identify similar previous questions. I report classification accuracies between 23% and 56%, obtaining substantial improvements by exploiting domain knowledge (compiler error messages) and educational context (assignment name). My results are especially timely and relevant for online courses where students are completing the same set of assignments asynchronously and access to staff is limited.

Heiner, Cecily

23

Rubella: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... of special precautions. Does the MMR vaccine cause autism? There is no scientific evidence that measles, MMR, ... other vaccine causes or increases the risk of autism. The question about a possible link between MMR ...

24

Paytan_Answers 113.pdf Student questions: Adina Paytan colloquium on "Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral  

E-print Network

to this task. What is the most region that affected by the ocean acidification? And why is it? High latitudesPaytan_Answers 113.pdf 1 Student questions: Adina Paytan colloquium on "Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Coral Reefs - Perspectives from a Field Study in Mexico" 1/16/13 In your presentation

Shumway, John

25

Edgar_Answers to student questions 414.pdf Student questions: Lauren Edgar colloquium on "Martian Sedimentology as Revealed by the  

E-print Network

Sedimentology as Revealed by the Curiosity Rover" 3/26/14 Question 1: How are the studies that you've done of the same kinds of instruments to investigate the sedimentology and stratigraphy at each landing site

Rhoads, James

26

Blakey_Answers to student questions 314.pdf Student questions: Ronald Blakey colloquium on "Using Paleogeographic Maps to Portray  

E-print Network

period witnessed the most profound geological evolution of modern-day North America? Probably the Archean, and it's the area I know best. Question 2: You mentioned in a slide of Old Jurassic, that rivers drained

Rhoads, James

27

Answering Your Questions about AIDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on AIDS education and answers 350 commonly asked questions about Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) taken from questions addressed to two major urban AIDS hotlines (Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and Houston, Texas). Chapter 1, "HIV - The Virus That Causes AIDS," discusses: the HIV virus; the…

Kalichman, Seth C.

28

Photo-based question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photo-based question answering is a useful way of finding information about physical objects. Current question an- swering (QA) systems are text-based and can be difficult to use when a question involves an object with distinct vi- sual features. A photo-based QA system allows direct use of a photo to refer to the object. We develop a three-layer system architecture for

Tom Yeh; John J. Lee; Trevor Darrell

2008-01-01

29

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LUNG CANCER  

E-print Network

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT LUNG CANCER Q: What are the early signs of lung cancer? How would I know I have it? A: Some of the early warning signs of lung cancer are: · A cough that doesn't go away what may be causing these symptoms. Q: How is lung cancer diagnosed? A: Your doctor may do one or more

30

Finding similar questions in large question and answer archives  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has recently been a significant increase in the number of community-based question and answer services on the Web where people answer other peoples' questions. These services rapidly build up large archives of questions and answers, and these archives are a valuable linguistic resource. One of the major tasks in a question and answer service is to find questions in

Jiwoon Jeon; Joon Ho Lee

2005-01-01

31

Internal Audit RFP 2013 Questions and Answers Question set 1  

E-print Network

Internal Audit RFP 2013 � Questions and Answers Question set 1: 1. What do you like about your current provider? No answer #12;Internal Audit RFP 2013 � Questions and Answers 11. Are identified control;Internal Audit RFP 2013 � Questions and Answers b. High risk areas � Accounts Payable � Accounts Receivable

Heller, Barbara

32

Pasqualetti_Answers 111.pdf Student questions: Martin (Mike) Pasqualetti colloquium on "Renewable Energy and  

E-print Network

, for instance, to cars), glass, etc. http://www.nanosolar.com/ Question 1: Why does the collection of solar of inertia. Question 2: I can't remember if you talked about this, but it seems like energy generators (solar recently. Question 1: Are there any new designs for solar energy on the horizon which reduce the size

Rhoads, James

33

Nikzad_Answers 314.pdf Student questions: Shouleh Nikzad colloquium on "From Nebulae to Neurons  

E-print Network

: In regards to the Electronic Nose and using it for medical technology, just how sensitive does this technology allow us to get - for example would it be able to detect a viral infection before disease was being expressed in a patient? Answered by Dr. Margie Homer, PI of the Electronic Nose: Potentially yes

Rhoads, James

34

Anbar_Answers 311.pdf Student questions: Anbar colloquium on "And now for something completely different  

E-print Network

spaceflight and osteoporosis? I don't know. Good question. I suspect that there is a wide range of osteoporosis decay rates, varying among people. Question 2: How long will it take before we know if the calcium isotope tests will be useful in preventing osteoporosis through early detection? A number of years. We

Rhoads, James

35

Macalady_Answers 411.pdf Student questions: Jenn Macalady colloquium on "Proterozoic Underground: Searching for  

E-print Network

the polar head groups are not preserved; no evidence that they are different from today based on the "geolipid" form (hydrocarbon part of the molecule). Question 2: Do all biofilms contain hopanoids? no

Rhoads, James

36

Minister Peng answers correspondents' questions.  

PubMed

Following a press conference where she presented the results of the 1990 census and the accomplishments of China's family planning program, Peng Peiyun, minister of the State Family Planning Commission, and other officials answered the questions of Chinese and foreign correspondents. Asked about the implementation of family planning in rural areas, Peng explained that while the 1-child policy has been followed, farmers with only 1 daughter have been allowed a second child. Nonetheless, the total fertility rate (TFR) of rural women has fallen bellow 4. On the issue of abortion, an official explained that for the past few years, there have been 10 million abortions annually. Abortion, however, is used only when contraception fails. Despite China's impressive achievements in curbing population growth, Peng noted that the country still faces serious problems. As the country enters its 8th 5-year plan, China will undergo a baby boom. An average of 17 million births each year is expected throughout the plan's duration. Peng acknowledged that the previous target of controlling China's population to 1.2 billion by the year 2000 will not be achieved. Under the new plan, which hopes to reduce the TFR from 2.35 in 1989 to 2.0 by the turn of the century, calls for the population to stabilize somewhere between 1.5 and 1.6 billion. Peng also answered questions concerning abuses by family planning workers. She stressed that China's family planning program is voluntary, although economic disincentives are used. Furthermore, Peng addressed issues concerning religion and family planning, infanticide, the safety of contraceptives, and concerns over the ageing of the population. PMID:12284670

1991-02-01

37

The Law and Student Activities: Answers to Ten Frequently Asked Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how numerous legal sources (Constitutional, federal, state, local, and common law) affect everyday public school operations. Fields 10 questions regarding written and legally sound rules, common rules for district schools, board approval of club bylaws and activities, "in loco parentis," legal image, employee assignments, "double…

Strope, John

1998-01-01

38

Medical Amnesty Question and Answer Prepared by Rebecca Allen, MSU Student Health Services  

E-print Network

violation of the minimum legal drinking age if he or she: a) Voluntarily presents himself or herself, this concern has been alleviated. Students who are under the legal drinking age may now reasonably expect changes made to the minimum legal drinking age law? No, there were some additional changes that may

Liu, Taosheng

39

Facts & Figures: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Limited English Proficient (LEP) Students and Bilingual/ESL Programs, 1996-1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In question and answer form, this document presents information about limited English proficient (LEP) students and programs for them in the New York City (New York) schools. City and state regulations govern the identification of LEP students and their selection for English as a second language (ESL) or bilingual programs. The Board of Education…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Office of Bilingual Education.

40

Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we plan for? · Should we separate uranium? · If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? · Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle “hot” fuel? · Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? · Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? · Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? · Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? · Which separation technology? · What mix of transmutation technologies? · What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

2003-10-01

41

Questions and Answers About Nuclear Power Plants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet is designed to answer many of the questions that have arisen about nuclear power plants and the environment. It is organized into a question and answer format, with the questions taken from those most often asked by the public. Topics include regulation of nuclear power sources, potential dangers to people's health, whether nuclear…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

42

Hazen_Answers 213.pdf Student questions: Bob Hazen colloquium on "The Mineralogical Co-Evolution of the  

E-print Network

growth that would create an environment that could support human life? Would the mineral growth process: Red Mars, Blue Mars, and Green Mars. #12;Hazen_Answers 213.pdf 2 Question 1: What was different about expanding your research and exploring the evolution of minerals outside of Earth on places like Mars

Shumway, John

43

Answering Questions about Unanswered Questions of Stack Overflow  

E-print Network

Answering Questions about Unanswered Questions of Stack Overflow Muhammad Asaduzzaman Ahmed Shah questions has increased significantly in the past two years. Understanding why questions remain unanswered questions from Stack Overflow. We then conduct a qualitative study to categorize unanswered questions, which

Schneider, Kevin A.

44

Answering definitional questions before they are asked  

E-print Network

Most question answering systems narrow down their search space by issuing a boolean IR query on a keyword indexed corpus. This technique often proves futile for definitional questions, because they only contain one keyword ...

Fernandes, Aaron D. (Aaron David)

2004-01-01

45

Developing Offline Strategies for Answering Medical Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe ongoing developments on two offline strategies for automatically answering questions in the medical domain: one based on an analysis of the document structure, the other based on dependency parsing. We highlight differences with open domain question answering, and provide a preliminary evaluation of the current state of our strategies. Copyright (c) 2005, American Association for Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org).

E. F. Tjong Kim Sang; G. Bouma; Rijke de M

2005-01-01

46

From Question Answering to Visual Exploration  

SciTech Connect

Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

2006-08-11

47

Question popularity analysis and prediction in community question answering services.  

PubMed

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users' interest so as to improve the users' experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

48

Question Popularity Analysis and Prediction in Community Question Answering Services  

PubMed Central

With the blooming of online social media applications, Community Question Answering (CQA) services have become one of the most important online resources for information and knowledge seekers. A large number of high quality question and answer pairs have been accumulated, which allow users to not only share their knowledge with others, but also interact with each other. Accordingly, volumes of efforts have been taken to explore the questions and answers retrieval in CQA services so as to help users to finding the similar questions or the right answers. However, to our knowledge, less attention has been paid so far to question popularity in CQA. Question popularity can reflect the attention and interest of users. Hence, predicting question popularity can better capture the users’ interest so as to improve the users’ experience. Meanwhile, it can also promote the development of the community. In this paper, we investigate the problem of predicting question popularity in CQA. We first explore the factors that have impact on question popularity by employing statistical analysis. We then propose a supervised machine learning approach to model these factors for question popularity prediction. The experimental results show that our proposed approach can effectively distinguish the popular questions from unpopular ones in the Yahoo! Answers question and answer repository. PMID:24837851

Liu, Ting; Zhang, Wei-Nan; Cao, Liujuan; Zhang, Yu

2014-01-01

49

Answers to Health Questions in Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culled from the answers of physical education teachers and coaches, this booklet attempts to indicate the scope of health problems and suggests some directions which the solutions may take. It is divided into three parts. Part 1, Health and Safety in Activity Programs, answers questions on first aid, excused absences, and desirability of…

Kaplan, Robert, Ed.

50

Striving for Optimal Relevance when Answering Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When people are asked "Do you have the time?" they can answer in a variety of ways, such as "It is almost 3," "Yeah, it is quarter past two," or more precisely as in "It is now 1:43." We present the results of four experiments that examined people's real-life answers to questions about the time. Our hypothesis, following previous research…

Gibbs, Raymond W., Jr.; Bryant, Gregory A.

2008-01-01

51

Questions and Answers about High Blood Pressure  

MedlinePLUS

... High Blood Pressure Questions and Answers About High Blood Pressure What is high blood pressure? Blood pressure is the force of blood ... a doctor. Am I at risk for high blood pressure? Anyone can develop high blood pressure. But ...

52

Questions and Answers: Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox  

MedlinePLUS

... 404) 639-3311 Monkeypox Home > QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Smallpox Vaccine and Monkeypox Download PDF version formatted for ... 132 KB/2 pages) How effective is the smallpox vaccine in preventing monkeypox? Past data from Africa ...

53

Questions and Answers about Ebola and Pets  

MedlinePLUS

... Travelers Healthcare Workers More Questions and Answers about Ebola and Pets Language: English Español Share Compartir ... the United States. How are animals involved in Ebola outbreaks? Because the natural reservoir host of Ebola ...

54

Get Answers to Common Questions About...  

Cancer.gov

Get Answers to Common Questions About... Biological Specimens Drug Availability, Labeling and Distribution Ethics Indemnity Insurance Planning Clinical Trials and Navigating Regulatory Requirements Protocols Quality Assurance and Monitoring Software

55

Scaling question answering to the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wealth of information on the web makes it an attractive resource for seeking quick answers to simple, factual questions such as "e;who was the first American in space?"e; or "e;what is the second tallest mountain in the world?"e; Yet today's most advanced web search services (e.g., Google and AskJeeves) make it surprisingly tedious to locate answers to such questions.

Cody C. T. Kwok; Oren Etzioni; Daniel S. Weld

2001-01-01

56

Seekers, sloths and social reference: Homework questions submitted to a question-answering community  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing number of students are seeking homework help outside library structures and systems, such as on social reference sites, where questions are answered by online community members who rate one another's answers and provide collaborative filtering in place of traditional expertise. This paper reports the preliminary results of a participant observation and content analysis of homework questions submitted to

Rich Gazan

2007-01-01

57

Educational Research and Statistics: Examples of Questions and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some questions that might be asked of students with respect to educational research and related statistical analysis are presented with answers. The questions focus on: (1) the definition of operational variables; (2) null and research hypotheses; (3) the use of analysis of variance (ANOVA); (4) when ANOVA is appropriate; (5) whether statistical…

Inoue, Yukiko

58

Inquiry-based Learning in Plant Ecology: Students Collect the Field Data, Ask the Questions, and Propose the Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Experiment is designed to teach upper-level students in a plant ecology course how to collect data on plant populations (distribution and abundance), develop hypotheses to explain observed patterns, and write a research proposal to test their hypotheses. The Experiment describes a semester long project requiring 13 classes that are 2 þ hours long each. The experimental setup is a 2 m X 30 m planted garden plot containing a mixture of planted (forb, grass, and legume) and volunteer plants. Students propose questions with specific measurable dependent and independent variables. Lab work typically required includes preparation and analysis of abiotic samples, such as soil samples, to measure variables such as soil moisture and soil texture.

Griffith, Alan

2010-02-16

59

Answering the Sphinx's Questions on Neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In answering the difficult questions on neutrinos asked by Sphinx I argue that search for proton decay is the most important experiment in coming 5-10 years. I also emphasize the crucial importance of the neutrinoless double beta decay with sensitivity of

Minakata, H.

60

Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections  

E-print Network

Children answered 24 questions in 3 sections: · General knowledge ­ e.g. how many minutes month comes after August? Short-Term Tasks Children completed two computer tasks designed using Kinelab: · Sequencing: Children saw six shapes in succession, before having to indicate the order they were presented

Haase, Markus

61

Children's School Research Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

Children's School Research Questions and Answers 2012-2013 Who conducts the research? · The primary researchers at the Children's School are the psychology faculty together with the post-doctoral fellows that conduct studies at the Children's School, led by Dr. David Rakison, Dr. Brian MacWhinney, Dr. David Klahr

62

Addendum to Questions, Answers and Clarifications  

E-print Network

hydrogen fueling stations to serve the current population of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and to accommodate-606 Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program California Energy Commission Q.1 EligibleAddendum to Questions, Answers and Clarifications Hydrogen Fuel Infrastructure Solicitation PON-12

63

Questions & Answers about...Marfan Syndrome.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet answers general questions about Marfan syndrome, a heritable condition that affects the connective tissue. It describes the characteristics of the disorder, the diagnostic process, and ways to manage symptoms. Characteristics include: (1) people with Marfan syndrome are typically very tall, slender, and loose jointed; (2) more than…

National Inst. of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

64

Questions and Answers John Rominger-Watts  

E-print Network

- Weighs 7000 metric tons - Detected first events in 2008 #12;ATLAS Detector Systems Inner Detector: #12;ATLAS Detector Systems Calorimeter: #12;ATLAS Detector Systems Muon Spectrometer: #12;Question: What objects Image: toothpastefordinner.com Image: nasa.gov Image: sparknotes.com Image: mit.edu #12;Answer

Budker, Dmitry

65

Sea Level : Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors can find answers to frequently asked questions regarding sea level and sea level changes. Topics addressed include how mean sea level is defined, how much sea level would rise if all the worlds ice were to melt, differences in sea level between oceans and at different latitudes, the meaning of altitude above sea level, and others.

2007-12-12

66

Survey Questions Answered Only by Psychosocial Experts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twelve tables provide a breakdown of answers to a survey responded to by 48 experts in the psychosocial treatment of psychiatric and behavioral problems in people with mental retardation. Questions address treatment of self-injurious or aggressive behavior, specific psychiatric disorders, specific target symptoms, use of applied behavior analysis…

American Journal on Mental Retardation, 2000

2000-01-01

67

Questions and Answers: Information about Your Hearing  

MedlinePLUS

... Hearing default Questions and Answers: Information About Your Hearing 1. What sounds can hurt your hearing, if you are around them too long? 2. ... concert can result in a lifetime of reduced hearing. 13. Only you can protect your ears. Be ...

68

Questions Students Ask: Beta Decay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Answers a student's question about the emission of a positron from a nucleus. Discusses the problem from the aspects of the uncertainty principle, beta decay, the Fermi Theory, and modern physics. (YP)

Koss, Jordan; Hartt, Kenneth

1988-01-01

69

Question Answering Using a Large NLP System  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThere is a separate report in this volume on the Microsoft Research Cambridge participation in the Filtering and Query tracks(Robertson and Walker 2001).The Microsoft Research question-answering system for TREC-9 was based on a combination of the Okapi retrieval engine,Microsoft's natural language processing system (NLPWin), and a module for matching logical forms. There is no recentpublished account of NLPWin, although a

David Elworthy

2000-01-01

70

Management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) questions & answers  

SciTech Connect

This {open_quotes}Management of PCBs Questions and Answers{close_quotes} has been developed from a presentation given by Dr. John Smith of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the transcribed question and answer session which followed the presentation. Dr. Smith was featured at the first DOE complex-wide PCB Focus Group meeting held in San Francisco, California in December 1992. The meeting was attended by representatives from field elements who were actively involved in the management of PCBs. The meeting served as a forum for the exchange of information and discussion of PCB management issues. This document has been prepared as one of several guidance documents developed by the Department of Energy Office of Environmental Policy and Assistance (EH-41) (formerly the Office of Environmental Guidance, EH-23) to assist DOE elements in their PCB management programs. This document is organized into three parts: (1) an introduction describing the conception and development of this document, (2) a summary of Dr. Smith`s presentation, and (3) the question and answer session.

NONE

1995-11-01

71

Automatic question answering using the web: Beyond the Factoid  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe and evaluate a Question Answering (QA) system that goes beyond answering factoid questions. Our approach to QA assumes no restrictions on the type of questions that are handled, and no assumption that the answers to be provided are factoids. We present an unsupervised approach for collecting question and answer pairs from FAQ pages, which we

Radu Soricut; Eric Brill

2006-01-01

72

Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions  

SciTech Connect

contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

Hinchliffe, Ian

2012-01-01

73

Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions  

ScienceCinema

contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

Hinchliffe, Ian

2013-05-29

74

Effective Question Recommendation Based on Multiple Features for Question Answering Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new method of recommending questions to answerers so as to suit the answerers' knowledge and inter- ests in User-Interactive Question Answering (QA) commu- nities. A question recommender can help answerers select the questions that interest them. This increases the number of answers, which will activate QA communities. An ef- fective question recommender should satisfy the following three

Yutaka Kabutoya; Tomoharu Iwata; Hisako Shiohara; Ko Fujimura

2010-01-01

75

Learning How to Answer Questions Using Trivia Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine a sentence comprehension task: given a question, and an extended sentence known to answer that question, the goal is to extract the short answer to the question. As an initial solution, a novel robust statistical model is presented which combines the semantics of the expected answer with the expected context within which the answer will

Gideon S. Mann

2002-01-01

76

Model Answers to Lipid Membrane Questions  

PubMed Central

Ever since it was discovered that biological membranes have a core of a bimolecular sheet of lipid molecules, lipid bilayers have been a model laboratory for investigating physicochemical and functional properties of biological membranes. Experimental and theoretical models help the experimental scientist to plan experiments and interpret data. Theoretical models are the theoretical scientist’s preferred toys to make contact between membrane theory and experiments. Most importantly, models serve to shape our intuition about which membrane questions are the more fundamental and relevant ones to pursue. Here we review some membrane models for lipid self-assembly, monolayers, bilayers, liposomes, and lipid–protein interactions and illustrate how such models can help answering questions in modern lipid cell biology. PMID:21610116

Mouritsen, Ole G.

2011-01-01

77

Chamberlain_Answers D12.pdf Student questions: Page Chamberlain colloquium on "Eocene migration of topography in the  

E-print Network

leading to the concentrations of oxygen isotopes you measured? That is a very good question. It is quite over global climate. At some point in the record there appears to be an event of massive deforestation the isotopic record for missing the high plateau in the south west? We are not sure of this. There is good

Shumway, John

78

Desch_Answers N11.pdf Student questions: Steven Desch colloquium on "Geological Processes on Kuiper Belt Objects"  

E-print Network

, though. Question 1: How could you tell the difference between asteroid belt asteroids and Kuiper belt ices more volatile than water not expected to condense in the asteroid belt (like ammonia). KBOs also of our thinking about Earth's formation on what was going on in the asteroid belt. A whole literature has

Shumway, John

79

World Wide Web based Question Answering System - a relevance feedback framework for automatic answer validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An open domain question answering system is one of the emerging information retrieval systems available on the World Wide Web that is becoming popular day by day to get succinct and relevant answers in response of users' questions. The validation of the correctness of the answer is an important issue in the field of question answering. In this paper, we

Santosh Kumar Ray; Shailendra Singh; B. P. Joshi

2009-01-01

80

Question Answering using Uni cation-based Vlado Ke selj  

E-print Network

of providing an intelligible answer to a question using a knowledge base. ? This work is supported by NSERC The question with the longest minimal answer is: Why did David Koresh ask the FBI for a word processor

Keselj, Vlado

81

Answering Questions and Questioning Answers. Part I. University of Central Florida Conference Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brief analyses are provided of presentations at a conference, held at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, which addressed questions and answers relating to research and education. Conference sessions explored the role of research in relation to educational practices with special focus on theory, research, issues, and application. Papers…

Miller, C. C.; And Others

1982-01-01

82

Finding question-answer pairs from online forums  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online forums contain a huge amount of valuable user gener- ated content. In this paper we address the problem of extract- ing question-answer pairs from forums. Question-answer pairs extracted from forums can be used to help Question Answering services (e.g. Yahoo! Answers) among other applications. We propose a sequential patterns based classification method to detect questions in a forum thread,

Gao Cong; Long Wang; Chin-Yew Linz; Young-in Song; Yongheng Sun

2008-01-01

83

Science Sampler: Science SLAMS--A reading strategy for answering open-ended questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The SLAMS (Sentence, Lines, Answer, Mechanics, Support) (Crowell and Kolba 2006) strategy is a basic and relatively simple technique used to guide students to answer open-ended questions when reading nonfiction. This strategy gives students the opportunity to develop well-constructed responses, because their answers have to fulfill all parts of SLAMS.

Sziabowski, Christine

2008-11-01

84

Do Melt Inclusions Answer Big Questions?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a pioneering paper, Sobolev and Shimizu (1993) demonstrated the existence of ultra-depleted melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts in MORB. They interpreted these as evidence for the preservation of parental melts formed by progressive near-fractional melting. Subsequently many cases have been described where melt inclusions from single basalt samples display enormous chemical and isotopic heterogeneity. The interpretation of these observations hinges critically on whether such melt inclusions can faithfully preserve primary or parental melt composition. If they do, melt inclusion data can truly answer big questions from small-scale observations. If they do not, they answer rather small questions. Favoring the second possibility, Danyushevsky et al. (2004) have suggested that much of the observed variability of highly incompatible trace elements in melt inclusions “may not represent geologically significant melts, but instead reflect localized, grain-scale reaction processes within the magmatic plumbing system.” We disagree and show that this mechanism cannot, for example, explain isotopic heterogeneity measured in several suites of melt inclusions, nor does it not account for the presence of ultra-depleted melts and "ghost" plagioclase signatures in other inclusions. More recently, Spandler et al. (2007) have suggested on the basis of experimental evidence that diffusion rates for REE in olivine are so rapid that parental melt compositions in melt inclusions are rapidly falsified by diffusional exchange with (evolved) host lava. We show that the very fact that extreme chemical and isotopic heterogeneities are routinely preserved in melt inclusions demonstrates that this conclusion is unwarranted, either because residence times of the olivine phenocrysts are much shorter than assumed by Spandler et al. or because the high experimental diffusion rates are caused by an unknown experimental artifact. Although there is no obvious flaw in design and execution of their experiments, geologically relevant diffusion rates are notoriously difficult to determine and may depend on factors not incorporated in the laboratory experiments. More recent diffusion experiments by Remmert et al. (2008) and by Cherniak (2009) have yielded diffusion coefficients three order of magnitude lower than those measured by Spandler. The heavy REE represent a possible exception to the above conclusions. We present data from olivine melt inclusions from Iceland basalts, which show unusual HREE patterns possibly caused by diffusional exchange with the host lava. Sobolev, A.V. & Shimizu, N. (1993) Nature 363, 151-154. Danyushevskii, L.V. et al. (2004) J. Petrol. 45, 2531-2553. Spandler, G., O’Neill, H.St.C., Kamenetsky, V.S. (2007) Nature, 447, 303-306. Remmert, P. Dohmen, R., Chakraborty, S. (2008) EOS Trans. AGU abs. MR331-1844. Cherniak, D.J. (2009) Am. Mineral. Ms. subm.

Hofmann, A. W.; Sobolev, A. V.

2009-12-01

85

VideoQA: question answering on news video  

Microsoft Academic Search

When querying a news video archive, the users are interested in retrieving precise answers in the form of a summary that best answers the query. However, current video retrieval systems, including the search engines on the web, are designed to retrieve documents instead of precise answers. This research explores the use of question answering (QA) techniques to support personalized news

Hui Yang; Lekha Chaisorn; Yunlong Zhao; Shi-Yong Neo; Tat-Seng Chua

2003-01-01

86

Research Design and Analysis: Examples of Questions and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides some examples of questions that might be asked about research design and analysis, or that might be used in test construction. The accompanying answers form a basic discussion of research design and analysis techniques. Short-answer constructed response answers are provided for questions about: (1) control in an experiment;…

Inoue, Yukiko

87

HITIQA: A Data Driven Approach to Interactive Analytical Question Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we describe the analytic question answering system HITIQA (High-Quality In- teractive Question Answering) which has been developed over the last 2 years as an advanced research tool for information analysts. HITIQA is an interactive open-domain ques- tion answering technology designed to allow analysts to pose complex exploratory ques- tions in natural language and obtain relevant information units

Sharon Small; Tomek Strzalkowski

88

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY OFFICE ADVANCED QUESTION ANSWERING FOR INTELLIGENCE  

E-print Network

DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY OFFICE ADVANCED QUESTION ANSWERING FOR INTELLIGENCE (AQUAINT) PROGRAM 1 Bringsjord (PI) Summary Current QA technology aims at the very early, pre-reasoning stages of IA where, the analyst's questions will require knowledge-based technology, if these questions are to be answered

89

How Online Crowds Influence the Way Individual Consumers Answer Health Questions  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate whether strength of social feedback, i.e. other people who concur (or do not concur) with one’s own answer to a question, influences the way one answers health questions. Methods Online prospective study. Two hundred and twenty-seven undergraduate students were recruited to use an online search engine to answer six health questions. Subjects recorded their pre- and post-search answers to each question and their level of confidence in these answers. After answering each question post-search, subjects were presented with a summary of post-search answers provided by previous subjects and were asked to answer the question again. Results There was a statistically significant relationship between the absolute number of others with a different answer (the crowd’s opinion volume) and the likelihood of an individual changing an answer (P<0.001). For most questions, no subjects changed their answer until the first 10–35 subjects completed the study. Subjects’ likelihood of changing answer increased as the percentage of others with a different answer (the crowd’s opinion density) increased (P=0.047). Overall, 98.3% of subjects did not change their answer when it concurred with the majority (i.e. >50%) of subjects, and that 25.7% of subjects changed their answer to the majority response when it did not concur with the majority. When subjects had a post-search answer that did not concur with the majority, they were 24% more likely to change answer than those with answers that concurred (P<0.001). Conclusion This study provides empirical evidence that crowd influence, in the form of online social feedback, affects the way consumers answer health questions. PMID:23616869

Lau, A.Y.S.; Kwok, T.M.Y.; Coiera, E.

2011-01-01

90

Aggregation of student answers in a classroom setting  

E-print Network

In a typical class, an instructor does not have enough time to poll all students for answers to questions, although it would be the best method for discovering students' misconceptions. The aggregator module of a system ...

Smith, Amanda C

2006-01-01

91

Working with Second Language Learners: Answers to Teachers' Top Ten Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to provide practical, research-informed answers to the questions most frequently asked by teachers of second language learners. Every question targets one of the key instructional issues teachers must address to ensure success for their second language students. Included among the questions are: How do I assess a student's English?…

Cary, Stephen

92

QUICK Answers To Frequently Asked Questions  

E-print Network

Where do I purchase items for class? The UIC Bookstore has the guaranteed lowest prices on new textbooks. ATM's Where can I get cash? ATM's are located throughout the campus. Locations include Student Center Building and Student Center East. TCF Bank has a location in Student Center East (SCE). Books/Bookstores

Illinois at Chicago, University of

93

Concealed Questions. In Search of Answers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation examines the semantic interpretation of various types of DPs in so-called concealed-question (CQ) constructions, as "Bill's phone number" in the sentence "John knows Bill's phone number". The peculiar characteristic of DP-CQs is that they are interpreted as having the meaning of an embedded question. So, for instance, the…

Frana, Ilaria

2010-01-01

94

99 Facts about the FBI: Questions and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet on the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) attempts to provide an overview of the FBI's functions. Presented in a question and answer format, the 99 questions and answers discuss the federal government agency's history, administrative matters, jurisdiction, criminal investigations, security matters, foreign counter-intelligence, and…

Federal Bureau of Investigation, Quantico, VA.

95

Beyond Information Retrieval--Medical Question Answering Minsuk Lee1  

E-print Network

thousands of articles to generate a short text, ideally, in less than a few seconds, to answer questions short- text answers in response to clinical questions that are posed by physicians. The authors address. Introduction The published medical literature and online medical resources are important sources to help

Yu, Hong

96

The Answerable Question and a Hierarchy of Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of a hierarchy of evidence is useful in rapid electronic searching to answer questions arising during the natural course of clinical practice. The answerable question often begins "What is the evidence that ..." and, when focused on a treatment, usually includes a population, an intervention, a comparison group, and an outcome, often…

Hamilton, John

2005-01-01

97

Questions and answers about energy recovery from waste  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Questions and answers about the developing waste-to-energy industry are presented. They are intended as a ready reference for the general public and others interested in exploring the option of utilizing municipal waste as a renewable energy resource. Questions were researched and answered in six broad categories: general information; state-of-the-art; economics/financial; environmental; institutional; and project implementation.

1982-09-01

98

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Outbreaks: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Treatment Prevention Adults Parents-to-be Infants & Children Preteens & Teens Travelers Healthcare Personnel Frequently Asked Questions Photos ... the 11-12 year old check up. For Preteens and Teens: Vaccine protection for pertussis, tetanus, and ...

99

Negative answers to some positivity questions  

E-print Network

We construct counterexamples to a number of questions related to positivity properties of line bundles on algebraic varieties. The examples are based on studying the geometry of varieties that admit pseudo automorphisms ...

Lesieutre, John

2014-01-01

100

To Answer or Not to Answer: That is the Question for Cell Phone Users  

E-print Network

To Answer or Not to Answer: That is the Question for Cell Phone Users Abstract People are constantly making decisions to answer or ignore cell phone calls based on inferences derived from partial a survey study of cell phone call handling practices. The results highlight the type and extent

Madiraju, Praveen

101

Distance Education Complexities: Questions To Be Answered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the development of distance education for instruction and training due to new technologies and software focuses on questions that need to be asked to ensure efficiency and effectiveness. Highlights include institutional and organizational concerns; content design analyses; development issues; implementation; evaluation; management…

Dwyer, Francis; Li, Ning

2000-01-01

102

Quick Answers to Common Questions About  

E-print Network

Build Good Credit? 29 How Can I Afford Medical School? 30 What is the Cost of Applying to Medical School-Traditional Student? 33 What is the Financial Aid Application Process? 34 What are the benefits of Federal vs. Private Can I Make a Smooth Transition to Medical School? Chapter 6: What Med School is Like 41 What's It Like

Almor, Amit

103

Cultural differences in answering physics questions: Could they arise from the difference between reasoning expected in answering exam questions in those cultures?  

E-print Network

In many ways, the American learning system is unique in its reliance on testing using multiple-choice questions. Learning in physics, as well as in any other subject, is a context-dependent process. In this paper, I consider a broader problem of where differences in understanding arise; often styles of answering questions arise from the way the questions are posed. I speculate on the long-run effects a multiple-choice based learning system might have on the reasoning structure of the student compared to one based on more open-ended questions. I present some differences in answer styles observed between two populations of students, US students (mostly exposed to multiple-choice type exams), and Romanian students (mostly exposed to open-end type exams). Finally, I suggest some possible ways of checking whether my predictions have any validity.

Raduta, C; Raduta, Cristian; Aubrecht, Gordon

2005-01-01

104

Unsupervised Question Answering Data Acquisition From Local Corpora  

E-print Network

Science Department Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA llita the number of overall question-answer pairs to under five thousand. Less standard datasets, such as trivia

Carbonell, Jaime

105

Representations of Questioning and Answering in Children's First School Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of conversation (focusing on question-answer sequences) in beginning school readers suggests that such books typically convey an image of childhood that combines conversational initiative and conversational competence as a member of the classroom community. (Author/CB)

Baker, Carolyn D.; Freebody, Peter

1986-01-01

106

Put It in Writing: Questions and Answers on Advance Directives  

MedlinePLUS

... Put it in Writing Questions and Answers on Advance Directives Q iii 1 Photo M any people today ... to make such decisions, through legal documents called advance directives. Before deciding what choices about your care at ...

107

A Data Driven Approach to Query Expansion in Question Answering  

E-print Network

Automated answering of natural language questions is an interesting and useful problem to solve. Question answering (QA) systems often perform information retrieval at an initial stage. Information retrieval (IR) performance, provided by engines such as Lucene, places a bound on overall system performance. For example, no answer bearing documents are retrieved at low ranks for almost 40% of questions. In this paper, answer texts from previous QA evaluations held as part of the Text REtrieval Conferences (TREC) are paired with queries and analysed in an attempt to identify performance-enhancing words. These words are then used to evaluate the performance of a query expansion method. Data driven extension words were found to help in over 70% of difficult questions. These words can be used to improve and evaluate query expansion methods. Simple blind relevance feedback (RF) was correctly predicted as unlikely to help overall performance, and an possible explanation is provided for its low value in IR for QA.

Derczynski, Leon; Gaizauskas, Robert; Greenwood, Mark A

2012-01-01

108

Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions  

ScienceCinema

In this follow-up "Ask Berkeley Lab" video, energy efficiency expert Iain Walker answers some of your questions about home energy efficiency. How do you monitor which appliances use the most energy? Should you replace your old windows? Are photovoltaic systems worth the cost? What to do about a leaky house? And what's the single biggest energy user in your home? Watch the video to get the answers to these and more questions.

Walker, Iain

2013-11-14

109

Medical marijuana: more questions than answers.  

PubMed

With 23 states and the District of Columbia having enacted medical marijuana laws as of August 2014, it is important that psychiatrists be able to address questions about medical marijuana from patients, families, and other health care professionals. The author discusses the medical literature on synthetic cannabinoids and medical marijuana. The synthetic cannabinoids dronabinol and nabilone are approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for nausea and vomiting associated with cancer chemotherapy and appetite stimulation in patients with wasting diseases such as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Results of clinical trials of these agents for other conditions have varied widely thus far. In addition, few data are available on the use of the marijuana plant as a medical treatment. The author concludes that there is a clear need for additional research on possible medical uses of cannabinoids. He notes that discussions with prospective medical marijuana patients should emphasize the importance of communication among all parties due to the possible side effects of treatment with marijuana and its potential to interact with other medications the patient may be taking. Facilitating a thorough substance abuse consultation is one of most positive ways that psychiatrists, especially addiction psychiatrists, can make an impact as medical marijuana becomes increasingly common. A careful review of the prospective medical marijuana user's substance use history, co-occurring medical and psychiatric conditions, family history, and psychosocial stressors is essential in evaluating the potential risks of medical marijuana for these patients. The author concludes that psychiatrists can have a significant impact by increasing the likelihood that medical marijuana will be used in a safe and responsible way. PMID:25226202

Hill, Kevin P

2014-09-01

110

Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers  

E-print Network

- 1 - Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers March 12, 2012 How trees die in drought key to plant, climate change questions How plants die during drought is one of the largest uncertainties in determining how plants will succumb to changing climate. 3:01 Tree Death Study's Climate Change

111

Offline Strategies for Online Question Answering: Answering Questions Before They Are Asked  

E-print Network

Clinton" and "Bill Clinton, president of the USA,"). We then compare answers based on these relations-instance relations from newspaper text using syntactic patterns and machine-learned filters (e.g., "president Bill

Hovy, Eduard

112

Answers to the 50 Most Important Questions about Private Mental Health Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for anyone contemplating or presently established in private mental health practice, this book provides the answers to 50 pertinent questions concerning private practice. Questions were culled from a survey of graduate students in psychology, as well as experienced psychotherapists, psychiatrists, social workers, mental health counselors,…

Forman, Bruce D.; Silverman, Wade H.

113

Preparing for the Flu During the 2009-10 School Year: Questions and Answers for Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure provides answers to the following questions: (1) Why do school districts, schools, teachers, parents, and communities need to plan for the continuation of learning for students during flu season this year? (2) How should districts and schools go about planning to continue students' education when they are at home because of H1N1?…

US Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

114

Some questions and answers about the Satellite Power System (SPS)  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Energy Research, US DOE is evaluating the concept of obtaining significant amounts of electrical energy from space through the Satellite Power System Project Office (SPS PO) formed for that purpose. The SPS PO prepared and is implementing a Concept Development and Evaluation Program plan. The CDEP runs roughly three years (from July 1977 through July 1980) and consists of four primary elements: (1) Systems Definition, (2) Environmental Assessment, (3) Societal Assessment, and (4) Comparative Assessment. One facet of the Societal Assessment is an investigation of public concerns. To further this investigation, a public outreach experiment was initiated to determine the initial response of three selected interest groups to the SPS, both qualitatively and quantititavely, and to gain some experience for use in future public participation activities. Three groups were contacted and agreed to participate in the experiment. They were: the Citizens Energy Project (CEP), the Forum for the Advancement of Students in Science and Technology (FASST), and the L-5 Society (L-5). They each agreed to condense twenty final SPS reports into approximately four pages each, have them typeset, printed and distributed to 3,000 of their constituents for their review, together with a request that they respond to the parent organization regarding the information presented. All responses were summarized and provided to Planning Research Corporation who then solicited the answers from the SPS PO investigator most directly concerned.The questions and answers are presented and will be distributed by the three groups to the individual respondents. Each of the three groups is also preparing a report to the Project Office detailing their work and results. These, together with other responses and studies will be used to more effectively involve the public in the SPS Participatory Technology Process.

Not Available

1980-01-01

115

Probabilistic Question Answering on the Web Dragomir Radev  

E-print Network

such as Google and NorthernLight return documents that are relevant to a user query, not answers to user to a large variety of questions. The problem is that existing front ends to the Web such as NorthernLight

Radev, Dragomir R.

116

Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Questions, Answers, and Presuppositions  

E-print Network

Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Questions, Answers, and Presuppositions Author(s): Nuel D. Belnap, Jr. Source: The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 63, No. 20, American Philosophical Association Eastern Division Sixty-Third Annual Meeting (Oct. 27, 1966), pp. 609-611 Published by: Journal of Philosophy, Inc. Stable

Belnap, Nuel

117

Nuclear Power and the Environment--Questions and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet has been developed to help the layman understand and evaluate the various efforts being undertaken to utilize nuclear power for the benefit of mankind. The question and answer format is utilized. Among the topics discussed are: Our Needs for Electricity; Sources of Radiation; Radiation from Nuclear Power Plants; Biological Effects of…

Campana, Robert J.; Langer, Sidney

118

What about the Bottle? Answers to Common Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acknowledges the large amount of confusing information about bottle feeding in areas including nutrition, sanitation, dental health, psychology, and child development. Answers specific questions pertaining to choice of formula and formula preparation, supporting breastfeeding, bottle choice, solid food introduction, feeding position, spitting up,…

Laird, Valerie

2001-01-01

119

Responses to Questions and Answers Advanced Vehicle Technology Manufacturing Solicitation  

E-print Network

1 Responses to Questions and Answers Advanced Vehicle Technology Manufacturing Solicitation PON successful applicants after the Notice of Proposed Awards to confirm this role and obtain any additional definition of "manufacturing equipment?" For example, would purchases of tooling or assembly line equipment

120

Overview of the CLEF 2005 Multilingual Question Answering Track  

E-print Network

in 2003, eight groups from Europe and North America participated in nine tasks, three monolingual -Dutch, Italian and Spanish- and five bilingual, where questions were formulated in five source languages -Dutch, French, German, Italian- and answer were searched in an English corpus collection. In 2004 eighteen

de Rijke, Maarten

121

"Legal Problem Question Answer Genre" across Jurisdictions and Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to analyse discourse patterns of legal opinions in two languages and cultures--namely, Legal Problem Question Answers (LPQs) in the UK academic writing context and Pareri (Ps) in the Italian professional writing context. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of discourse in this paper, based on the tenets of genre analysis,…

Tessuto, Girolamo

2011-01-01

122

Fillers as Signals: Evidence from a Question-Answering Paradigm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined the influence of a human or computer "partner" on the production of fillers ("um" and "uh") during a question and answer task. Experiment 1 investigated whether or not responding to a human partner as opposed to a computer partner results in a higher rate of filler production. Participants…

Walker, Esther J.; Risko, Evan F.; Kingstone, Alan

2014-01-01

123

Questions and Answers About Drainage Water Management for the Midwest  

E-print Network

WQ-44 Questions and Answers About Drainage Water Management for the Midwest Jane Frankenberger Nelson, Larry Brown Drainage Water Management Introduction Subsurface tile drainage is an essential water of Mexico, so strategies are needed to reduce the nitrate loads while maintaining adequate drainage for crop

Holland, Jeffrey

124

Questions and Answers about Paget's Disease of Bone  

MedlinePLUS

... Bone Paget's Disease Basics Questions and Answers about Paget's Disease of Bone Related Resources Paget's Disease Fast Facts Paget’s Disease ... Paget’s Disease Facts for New Patients Partner Resources Paget's Disease of Bone (NIHSeniorHealth) Be An Active Member of Your Health ...

125

PlaceBased Induction 2009: More questions than answers  

E-print Network

PlaceBased Induction 2009: More questions than answers Based on the work of the Induction Network, AEIN received an additional grant to help connect induction and culturally responsive teaching. AEIN induction �Elders and Native educators have been doing this work for years. �We don't need to let

Pantaleone, Jim

126

CERCLA Site Assessment questions and answers (Qs&As)  

SciTech Connect

This documents contains commonly asked questions and corresponding answers (Qs&As) on the CERCLA Site Assessment process. These questions were derived from DOE element responses to a solicitation calling for the identification of (unresolved) issues associated with the conduct of CERCLA site assessments, and from inquiries received during a series of Site Assessment Workshops provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Office of Environmental Guidance, RCRA/CERCLA Division (EH-231). Answers to these questions were prepared by EH-231 in cooperation with the EPA Federal Facilities Team in Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Site Assessment Branch, and in coordination with the Office of Environmental Compliance, Facilities Compliance Division (EH-222).

Traceski, T.T.

1993-11-09

127

Cem Kaner Essay Questions Page 1 How to Answer Essay Questions in the Graduate Level  

E-print Network

of space on irrelevant material. Several answers were so disorganized that it took significant work. Now answer your sample questions. No one would prepare to run a race primarily by talking about races with friends, or watching a race on television, or reading about races in books. o To prepare to run a race

128

Epistemic Questions and Answers for Software System Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System safety is primarily concerned with epistemic questions, that is, questions concerning knowledge and the degree of confidence that can be placed in that knowledge. For systems with which human experience is long, such as roads, bridges, and mechanical devices, knowledge about what is required to make the systems safe is deep and detailed. High confidence can be placed in the validity of that knowledge. For other systems, however, with which human experience is comparatively short, such as those that rely in part or in whole on software, knowledge about what is required to ensure safety tends to be shallow and general. The confidence that can be placed in the validity of that knowledge is consequently low. In a previous paper, we enumerated a collection of foundational epistemic questions concerning software system safety. In this paper, we review and refine the questions, discuss some difficulties that attend to answering the questions today, and speculate on possible research to improve the situation.

Holloway, C. M.; Johnson, Chris W.

2010-01-01

129

Venus Express: Answered and unanswered questions on Venus (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

After having orbited our sister planet for more than seven Earth years Venus Express has collected a very large data set allowing a great number of fundamental scientific questions to be addressed and answered. Most of the questions included in the mission's science requirement, as formulated in the mission proposal, have been answered. These include topics in atmospheric dynamics, structure and chemistry, clouds and hazes, surface and interior, radiation balance and greenhouse, induced magnetosphere and plasma environment, and planetary evolution. Solid results have been achieved in all these fields but with some weakness in the radiation balance measurements, mostly due to the early loss of the planetary Fourier spectrometer providing data at the mid infrared wavelengths. Naturally, due to the limited scope and budget of the Venus Express mission a number of important questions had to be left unaddressed and to be taken up by future missions. This talk will summarise the major results of Venus Express and discuss a number of questions where additional data will be needed in order to provide answers. A wish list for future missions will be provided.

Svedhem, H.; Titov, D.

2013-12-01

130

The Communication Skills Used by Deaf Children and Their Hearing Peers in a Question-and-Answer Game Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication is frequently characterized by a sequence of questions and answers. Little is known about how well students who are deaf or hard of hearing (deaf/HH) understand their hearing classmates in the context of an inclusive setting. This study explored the communication skills used by deaf/HH children when asking and answering questions in…

Toe, Dianne M.; Paatsch, Louise E.

2010-01-01

131

Verb Phrase Ellipsis in Children's Answers to Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of verb phrase ellipsis is investigated in two 2-year-old English-speaking children's speech by studying their answers to yes\\/no questions over the period of about a year. The investigation is framed using a generative linguistics model, the “PF-deletion model,” which assumes that there is syntactic structure in the ellipsis site that is simply not pronounced at the level of

Rosalind Thornton

2010-01-01

132

Routing of ultrahazardous materials - More questions than answers  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Transportation (DOT) has issued a request for comment on the need for risk assessments for routing hazardous materials. Prior DOT requirements for routing of large quantities of radioactive materials considered two primary components for accident health risk, accident frequency, and population potentially exposed. This approach may be reasonable from the Federal viewpoint, but it leaves many unanswered questions at the state level for ultrahazardous materials. For example, how does a state make effective decisions regarding funding to improve roads (reduce accident probability) and improve emergency response (reduce accident consequence). Some of these questions and a potential way to generate answers are examined in this paper.

Rhyne, W.R.

1988-01-01

133

Analysis of short-answer question styles versus gender in pre-clinical veterinary education.  

PubMed

One large study in medical education has reported that the choice of question format (or question content) could introduce a gender bias, with men outperforming women on questions with a true-false component or that required knowledge of anatomy or physiology. The purpose of our study was to ascertain whether this finding is also true in veterinary medical education. Two veterinary student cohorts were analyzed across four different modules over a three-year period (804 questions in total). The results of the study show that the women's and men's performance did not differ in any of the question types analyzed across any module or year. When students' (both women and men) overall average performance on different question types was compared with their performance on standard multiple-choice questions (MCQs), performance levels increased when students were asked to answer MCQs that contained an image-based prop (IMCQ) such as a photograph, X-ray image, or diagram. In contrast, students' performance was consistently lower when answering assertion-reason questions (ARQs), and this performance could not be explained by the demographic makeup of the two cohorts analyzed. When comparing standard MCQs with MCQs that contained a true-false question stem, no specific trend in the data could be determined. In conclusion, this study suggests that the short-answer question style does not bias against one gender in veterinary medical education, but that overall students do perform differently according to question type and, in particular, less well when ARQs are used in examinations. PMID:21805937

Foster, Neil

2011-01-01

134

Frequently Asked Questions about ADHD and the Answers from the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies useful Internet sites about attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the results of searching these sites to answer common questions concerning incidence of ADHD, basic information about Ritalin drug therapy, educational placement of students with ADHD, sources of information about special needs, and what parents can do at…

Loechler, Kathy

1999-01-01

135

Home Education Reason and Research: Common Questions and Research-Based Answers about Homeschooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a brief review of research on a variety of topics related to home education and answers the most common questions asked regarding Homeschooling. Examples of the topics addressed are: the teaching parent's education level, academic achievement of students, population growth, philosophy, government (state) regulation and homeschool…

Ray, Brian D.

2009-01-01

136

"The Panama Canal Episode: An Encounter with a Question and Answers." Occasional Paper 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an account of the experience of a college instructor and a group of prospective social studies teachers as they answer a simple question concerned with direction of travel through the Panama Canal and explore the reactions of students. The situation originates in a class discussion focusing on ways of asking and responding to classroom…

Seifman, Eli

137

A Parent's Guide to Sex, Drugs and Flunking out: Answers to the Questions Your College Student Doesn't Want You To Ask.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help parents as their children make decisions about college and the first year of college. It discusses college selection, financial decisions, academic choices, social choices, and questions of personal safety. The chapters are: (1) "The Right School for Your Child--And You"; (2) "Paying for College and Getting What You…

Epstein, Joel

138

Public library patrons' use of collaborative chat reference service: The effectiveness of question answering by question type  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effectiveness of question answering by question types in the inter-institutional collaborative chat reference service at a public library system. In particular, this study examined whether subject-based research type questions are answered as effectively as simple factual type questions, and whether local-specific questions are answered as effectively as non-local questions in the inter-institutional chat reference service. Effectiveness

Nahyun Kwon

2007-01-01

139

How to answer the most common zinger questions.  

PubMed

Patients are very likely to hit you with zingers--extremely tough questions that require all of your diplomacy and tact. How well you respond to the inevitable zingers depends in large part upon your preparation. This article describes what you must do to prepare yourself for your patients' zingers. It offers simple guidelines for responding to zinger questions, as well as how-to instruction that will enable you to hone your critical listening skills. This article also offers an effective strategy for preparing a list of potential zinger questions customized to your medical practice. It suggests ways to use zinger preparation as a staff training tool, relying in large part upon brainstorming, group work, and role-playing scenarios. Finally, this article presents the wrong way to answer zingers. Then, through sample dialogues, it offers much better and more effective responses that you might give your patients when you need to answer eight of the most common and difficult medical practice zingers. PMID:16471388

Hills, Laura Sachs

2005-01-01

140

Learning from Classroom Questions and Answers: Teachers' Uncertainties about Children's Language  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the interaction of language varieties with teachers' perceptions and evaluations of how k-2 students answer classroom questions. Using both qualitative and quantitative methodology, we trace the processes, findings, and reflections from 2 years of collaboration with teachers in a low-income, multiethnic, inner-city school where all students spoke marginalized or stigmatized varieties of English, including Appalachian\\/rural and African-American

Barbara Edwards; Boyd Davis

1997-01-01

141

1.Answer the following questions: (a)& you have learned in your physical metallurgy class, diffusion rate in solid may be  

E-print Network

1.Answer the following questions: (a)& you have learned in your physical metallurgy class on the physical metallurgy principles, the student suggested two possibilities for the stress drop: 1) The stress

Huang, Haimei

142

QUASAR: The Question Answering System of the Universidad Politecnica de Valencia  

E-print Network

QUASAR: The Question Answering System of the Universidad Polit´ecnica de Valencia Jos´e Manuel G, ebisbal, prosso, esanchis}@dsic.upv.es Abstract. This paper describes the QUASAR Question Answering In by the previous modules in order to extract the correct answer. QUASAR (QUestion AnSwering And information

Rosso, Paolo

143

Global parallel unification for large question-answering systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An efficient means of storing data in a first-order predicate calculus theorem-proving system is described. The data structure is oriented for large scale question-answering (QA) systems. An algorithm is outlined which uses the data structure to unify a given literal in parallel against all literals in all clauses in the data base. The data structure permits a compact representation of data within a QA system. Some suggestions are made for heuristics which can be used to speed-up the unification algorithm in systems.

Auguston, J. G.; Minker, J.

1974-01-01

144

Post-conditioning: Promising answers and more questions  

PubMed Central

Volatile anesthetic agents have been used for decades in the peri-operative setting. Data from the past 15 years have shown that pre-injury administration of volatile anesthetic can decrease the impact of ischemia-reperfusion injury on the heart, brain, and kidney. Recent data demonstrated that volatile agents administered shortly after injury can decrease the ischemia-reperfusion injury. Several questions need to be answered to optimize this therapeutic target, but this is a promising era of secondary injury mitigation. PMID:23176148

2012-01-01

145

PrimeAnswers: A Practical Interface for Answering Primary Care Questions  

PubMed Central

This paper describes an institutional approach taken to build a primary care reference portal. The objective for the site is to make access to and use of clinical reference faster and easier and to facilitate the use of evidence-based answers in daily practice. Reference objects were selected and metadata applied to a core set of sources. Metadata were used to search, sort, and filter results and to define deep-linked queries and structure the interface. User feedback resulted in an expansion in the scope of reference objects to meet the broad spectrum of information needs, including patient handouts and interactive risk management tools. Results of a user satisfaction survey suggest that a simple interface to customized content makes it faster and easier for primary care clinicians to find information during the clinic day and to improve care to their patients. The PrimeAnswers portal is a first step in creating a fast search of a customized set of reference objects to match a clinician's patient care questions in the clinic. The next step is developing methods to solve the problem of matching a clinician's question to a specific answer through precise retrieval from reference sources; however, lack of internal structure and Web service standards in most clinical reference sources is an unresolved problem. PMID:15905488

Ketchell, Debra S.; St. Anna, Leilani; Kauff, David; Gaster, Barak; Timberlake, Diane

2005-01-01

146

PrimeAnswers: A practical interface for answering primary care questions.  

PubMed

This paper describes an institutional approach taken to build a primary care reference portal. The objective for the site is to make access to and use of clinical reference faster and easier and to facilitate the use of evidence-based answers in daily practice. Reference objects were selected and metadata applied to a core set of sources. Metadata were used to search, sort, and filter results and to define deep-linked queries and structure the interface. User feedback resulted in an expansion in the scope of reference objects to meet the broad spectrum of information needs, including patient handouts and interactive risk management tools. RESULTS of a user satisfaction survey suggest that a simple interface to customized content makes it faster and easier for primary care clinicians to find information during the clinic day and to improve care to their patients. The PrimeAnswers portal is a first step in creating a fast search of a customized set of reference objects to match a clinician's patient care questions in the clinic. The next step is developing methods to solve the problem of matching a clinician's question to a specific answer through precise retrieval from reference sources; however, lack of internal structure and Web service standards in most clinical reference sources is an unresolved problem. PMID:15905488

Ketchell, Debra S; St Anna, Leilani; Kauff, David; Gaster, Barak; Timberlake, Diane

2005-01-01

147

Building a corpus and developing a question classifier to support messaging-based question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are investigating question classification for restricted domains with the broader goal of supporting mixed-initiative interaction on mobile phones. In this paper, we discuss the development of a new domain-specific corpus of cancer-related questions and our efforts toward training a classifier. This work includes the development of a new taxonomy of expected answer types that we have been evaluating. Our

Adam Kurmally; Barbara Di Eugenio; Charles E. Kahn Jr.; Susan McRoy

2010-01-01

148

Model-Driven Knowledge-Based Development of Expected Answer Type Taxonomies for Restricted Domain Question Answering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Question Answering (QA) system must provide concise answers from large collections of documents to questions stated by the user in natural language. Importantly, a question should be correctly classified by means of a predefined taxonomy in order to determine which is the Expected Answer Type (EAT), thus reducing the searching space over documents, while a right answer is obtained. Designing a proper EAT taxonomy is even more crucial in restricted domain QA, since domain experts use specific terminology, thus asking more precise questions and expecting more precise answers. This paper presents a novel model-driven approach in order to ameliorate the task of designing restricted-domain EAT taxonomies by using heterogeneous knowledge resources and collection of documents. To show the applicability of our approach, a set of experiments has been carried out by defining a new EAT taxonomy for being able to answer questions about the agricultural domain.

Vila, Katia; Mazón, Jose-Norberto; Ferrández, Antonio; Gómez, José M.

149

The placebo response in clinical trials: more questions than answers  

PubMed Central

Meta-analyses and re-analyses of trial data have not been able to answer some of the essential questions that would allow prediction of placebo responses in clinical trials. We will confront these questions with current empirical evidence. The most important question asks whether the placebo response rates in the drug arm and in the placebo arm are equal. This ‘additive model’ is a general assumption in almost all placebo-controlled drug trials but has rarely been tested. Secondly, we would like to address whether the placebo response is a function of the likelihood of receiving drug/placebo. Evidence suggests that the number of study arms in a trial may determine the size of the placebo and the drug response. Thirdly, we ask what the size of the placebo response is in ‘comparator’ studies with a direct comparison of a (novel) drug against another drug. Meta-analytic and experimental evidence suggests that comparator studies may produce higher placebo response rates when compared with placebo-controlled trials. Finally, we address the placebo response rate outside the laboratory and outside of trials in clinical routine. This question poses a serious challenge whether the drug response in trials can be taken as evidence of drug effects in clinical routine. PMID:21576146

Enck, Paul; Klosterhalfen, Sibylle; Weimer, Katja; Horing, Bjorn; Zipfel, Stephan

2011-01-01

150

MURAX: a robust linguistic approach for question answering using an on-line encyclopedia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Robust linguistic methods are applied to the task of answering closed-class questions using a corpus of natural language. The methods are illustrated in a broad domain: answering general-knowledge questions using an on-line encyclopedia.A closed-class question is a question stated in natural language, which assumes some definite answer typified by a noun phrase rather than a procedural answer. The methods hypothesize

Julian Kupiec

1993-01-01

151

Adult College Students Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

use the internet for research?" 1. Attend the 201 Workshop in the Library 2. Visit the Writing Lab in with everything else I have going on?" 1. Get into the habit of putting time aside just for school work. Make yourself a schedule. Sometimes having everything laid out in front of you can show that you do have some

Kasman, Alex

152

Cogex: A semantically and contextually enriched logic prover for question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the architecture and functionality of a logic prover designed for question answering. The approach trans- forms questions and answer passages into logic representations based on syntactic, semantic and contextual information. World knowledge supplements the linguistic, ontological, and temporal axioms supplied to the prover which renders a deep understanding of the relationship between the question and answer text.

Dan I. Moldovan; Christine Clark; Sanda M. Harabagiu; Daniel Hodges

2007-01-01

153

Automatic Derivation of Surface Text Patterns for a Maximum Entropy Based Question Answering System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate the use of surface text patterns for a Maximum Entropy based Question Answering (QA) system. These text patterns are collected automatically in an unsupervised fashion using a collection of trivia question and answer pairs as seeds. These patterns are used to generate features for a statistical question answering system. We report our results on the

Deepak Ravichandran; Abraham Ittycheriah; Salim Roukos

2003-01-01

154

Exploiting Redundancy in Question Answering Charles L. A. Clarke Gordon V. Cormack Thomas R. Lynam  

E-print Network

is extended to answer multiple choice trivia questions of the form typically asked in trivia quizzesExploiting Redundancy in Question Answering Charles L. A. Clarke Gordon V. Cormack Thomas R. Lynam is to automatically answer brief factual questions of the form \\When was the Battle of Hastings?" or \\Who wrote

Clarke, Charlie

155

150 Student Questions on Solar Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Center for Integrated Space Weather Modeling (CISM) holds a two-week Space Weather Summer School for introductory graduate students and space weather professionals to gain a system level understanding of the space environment and the effects of space weather. A typical day in the summer school consists of three morning lectures followed by an afternoon lab session. After the morning lectures, the participants are each asked to submit a question about the mornings topics on a question card. The lecturers then take the time to answer these questions prior to afternoon sessions. In the last 5 years over 1000 such question cards have been collected and cataloged. Despite detailed lectures by experts similar questions appear every year. We have analyzed over 150 questions related to the introductory lectures on solar physics and solar activity. Questions content was categorized using the AGU Index, and question sophistication was categorized using Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Specific analysis results along with lists of questions will be presented. We hope that these results can be used to improve the lecture and classroom content and allow students to move beyond low level education objectives and ask more sophisticated questions.

Lopez, R. E.; Gross, N. A.; Knipp, D. J.

2010-12-01

156

A Model Driven Question-Answering System for a CAI Environment. Final Report (July 1970 to May 1972).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A question answering system which permits a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) student greater initiative in the variety of questions he can ask is described. A method is presented to represent the dynamic processes of a subject matter area by augmented finite state automata, which permits efficient inferencing about dynamic processes and…

Brown, John S.; And Others

157

Tuberculous meningitis: more questions, still too few answers.  

PubMed

Tuberculous meningitis is especially common in young children and people with untreated HIV infection, and it kills or disables roughly half of everyone affected. Childhood disease can be prevented by vaccination and by giving prophylactic isoniazid to children exposed to infectious adults, although improvements in worldwide tuberculosis control would lead to more effective prevention. Diagnosis is difficult because clinical features are non-specific and laboratory tests are insensitive, and treatment delay is the strongest risk factor for death. Large doses of rifampicin and fluoroquinolones might improve outcome, and the beneficial effect of adjunctive corticosteroids on survival might be augmented by aspirin and could be predicted by screening for a polymorphism in LTA4H, which encodes an enzyme involved in eicosanoid synthesis. However, these advances are insufficient in the face of drug-resistant tuberculosis and HIV co-infection. Many questions remain about the best approaches to prevent, diagnose, and treat tuberculous meningitis, and there are still too few answers. PMID:23972913

Thwaites, Guy E; van Toorn, Ronald; Schoeman, Johan

2013-10-01

158

Students Questioning Students (SQS): a Technique to Invite Students' Involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A most successful teaching strategy has been developed in my gifted\\/talented classes. Students question their peers about classwork, homework problems or aspects of the lesson, instead of doing the explaining themselves. Using the Students Questioning Students method (SOS), students stimulate their class-mates to think. Since students are involved in questioning, they become more attentive listeners to other students and to

Judith S. Engel

1988-01-01

159

New Information Distance Measure and Its Application in Question Answering System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a question answering (QA) system, the fundamental problem is how to measure the distance between a question and an answer, hence ranking difierent answers. We demonstrate that such a distance can be precisely and mathematically deflned. Not only such a deflnition is possible, it is actually provably better than any other feasible deflnitions. Not only such an ultimate deflnition

Xian Zhang; Yu Hao; Xiao-Yan Zhu; Ming Li

2008-01-01

160

Use of social network sites for question and answer behavior  

E-print Network

In this thesis, we look at the behavior of posting questions as status updates on popular social network sites like Twitter and Facebook. This question asking behavior is similar to the use of search engines, question and ...

Panovich, Katrina (Katrina Marie)

2011-01-01

161

What Makes a Good Research Question? 1. A good scientific question is one that can be answered through  

E-print Network

What Makes a Good Research Question? 1. A good scientific question is one that can be answered through scientific research. · "Is Stone Creek polluted?"This is a good question because you can predict's polluted. · "Why is quicksand so dangerous?"This is not a good question.There is no way to observe it

162

What did Spot Hide? A Question-Answering Game for Preschool Children  

E-print Network

What did Spot Hide? A Question-Answering Game for Preschool Children Anuj Tewari1,2 & John Canny1 1 opportunities. Moreover, preschool children are incessantly inquisitive, and will readily engage in question partner. Author Keywords Games; Preschool literacy; question-answering; conversational agents. ACM

Canny, John

163

Psychological research on child witnesses in sexual abuse cases: Fine answers to mostly wrong questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research on the accuracy of children's testimony has shown that questions' wording and interview context explain some of the variance in children's answers to questions, but does not give answers regarding children's reasons for lying when asked questions about past events. This article reviews research done on children's testimony and suggests that researchers should move beyond the domiant paradigms

Joná F. Meyer; Gilbert Geis

1994-01-01

164

Answer Keys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Answer keys provide acceptable answers to the questions posed in a case. Since these questions are intended to be answered by students and are often graded, keys are password-protected and access limited to registered instructors affiliated with an educational institution.

2010-01-01

165

Reducing Our Ignorance: Finding Answers to Certain Epistemic Questions for Software Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In previous papers, we asserted that software system safety is primarily concerned with epistemic questions, that is, questions concerning knowledge and the degree of confidence that can be placed in that knowledge. We also enumerated a set of 21 foundational epistemic questions, discussed some of the difficulties that exist in answering these questions adequately today, and speculated briefly on possible research that may provide improved confidence in the sufficiency of answers in the future. This paper focuses on three of the foundational questions. For each of these questions, current answers are discussed and potential research is proposed to help increase the justifiable level of confidence.

Holloway, C. Michael; Johnson, Christopher W.

2011-01-01

166

Parallelization Issues of Domain Specific Question Answering System on Cell B.E. Processors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A question answering system is an information retrieval application which allows users to directly obtain appropriate answers to a question. In order to deal with an explosive growth of information over internet and increased number of processing stages in answer retrieval, time and processing hardware required by question answering system has increased. The need of hardware is currently served by connecting thousands of computers in cluster. But faster and less complex alternatives can be found as a multi-core processor. This paper presents a pioneer work by identifying major issues involved in porting a general question answering framework on a cell processor and their possible solutions. The work is evaluated by porting the indexing algorithm of our biomedical question answering system, INDOC (Internet Doctor) on cell processors.

Kumar, Tarun; Mittal, Ankush; Sondhi, Parikshit

167

Attempting to answer a meaningful question enhances subsequent learning even when feedback is delayed.  

PubMed

Attempting to retrieve information from memory enhances subsequent learning even if the retrieval attempt is unsuccessful. Recent evidence suggests that this benefit materializes only if subsequent study occurs immediately after the retrieval attempt. Previous studies have prompted retrieval using a cue (e.g., whale-???) that has no intrinsic answer. Experiment 1 replicated prior word pair studies, but in Experiment 2, when participants learned meaningful trivia questions, testing enhanced learning even when subsequent study was delayed. Even in Experiment 3, when subsequent study was delayed by up to 24 hr, tests enhanced learning on a final test another 24 hr later. These findings may give comfort to educators who worry that asking a question or giving a test, on which students inevitably make mistakes, impairs learning if feedback is not immediate. They also suggest that there is a consensus in the literature thus far: Questions with rich semantic content enhance subsequent learning even when feedback is delayed, but less meaningful questions without an intrinsic answer enhance learning only when feedback is immediate. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23855547

Kornell, Nate

2014-01-01

168

ANALYSIS OF SEMANTIC CLASSES: TOWARD NON-FACTOID QUESTION ANSWERING  

E-print Network

answering, and focused on three semantic classes that correspond to roles in the commonly accepted PICO, the intervention used to treat the problem, and the clinical outcome. i #12;We used rule-based approaches an important property of semantic classes--their cores. We showed how cores of interventions, problems

Toronto, University of

169

On Answering Why-not Questions in Reverse Skyline Queries  

E-print Network

efficiently combines both query point and data point modification techniques to produce meaningful answers systems. Today's database systems are highly efficient in terms of query execution time and resource usage-Union- Aggregation) queries, respectively. The third aspect is refining the initial query so that the why-not point

Liu, Chengfei

170

Getting Answers to Natural Language Questions on the Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that investigated the use of natural language questions on Web search engines. Highlights include query languages; differences in search engine syntax; and results of logistic regression and analysis of variance that showed aspects of questions that predicted significantly different performances, including the number of words,…

Radev, Dragomir R.; Libner, Kelsey; Fan, Weiguo

2002-01-01

171

Can Consortial Reference Partners Answer Your Local Users' Library Questions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore location-based questions as a weakness of virtual reference consortia and discuss how to mitigate related issues. Content analysis of how both local and non-local academic librarians responded to location-based questions provides insight into considerations academic libraries must make when participating…

Bishop, Bradley Wade

2012-01-01

172

Terminological variants for document selection and question/answer matching  

E-print Network

system, term extraction, terminological variant, named entity, information retrieval Contact Author takes advantage of a question analysis module and a recognition of numeric and named entities takes advantage of a question analysis module and a recognition of numeric and named entities

Illouz, Gabriel

173

Learning to Rank QA Data: Evaluating Machine Learning Techniques for Ranking Answers to Why-Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we evaluate a number of machine learning tech- niques for the purpose of ranking answers to why-questions. We use a set of 37 linguistically motivated features that characterize questions and answers. We experiment with a number of machine learning techniques in various settings. The purpose of the experiments is to assess how the dier- ent machine learning

Suzan Verberne; H. van Halteren; Stephan Raaijmakers; D. L. Theijssen; L. W. J. Boves

2009-01-01

174

Questions and Answers about Child Care: A Sloan Work and Family Research Network Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sloan Work and Family Research Network has prepared Fact Sheets that provide statistical answers to some important questions about work-family and work-life issues. This Fact Sheet includes statistics about Child Care, and answers the following questions about child care: (1) How many children are in child care?; (2) How many hours per week do…

Sloan Work and Family Research Network, 2008

2008-01-01

175

Web-based Anaphora Resolution for the QUASAR Question Answering System  

E-print Network

Web-based Anaphora Resolution for the QUASAR Question Answering System Davide Buscaldi and Yassine resolution module. 1 Introduction QUASAR (QUestion AnSwering And Retrieval) is the name we gave to our the results of QUASAR in the 2007 CLEF QA task. 2 System Architecture In Fig.1 we show the architecture

Rosso, Paolo

176

Methods for Automatically Evaluating Answers to Complex Questions Jimmy Lin1,2,3  

E-print Network

@cs.umd.edu Abstract Evaluation is a major driving force in advancing the state of the art in language technologies application of existing metrics. 1 Introduction Question answering, which lies at the intersection between in systems capable of answering fact-based natural language questions such as "What city is the home

Lin, Jimmy

177

Palliative Care Questions and Answers (Hospice Care Comparison)  

MedlinePLUS

Question Palliative Care Hospice Care Who can receive this care? Anyone with a serious illness, regardless of life expectancy, can receive palliative care Someone with an illness with a life expectancy ...

178

Concept Recognition, Information Retrieval, and Machine Learning in Genomics Question-Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

TREC Genomics 2006 presented a genomics question-answering challenge with questions on twenty-seven topics, and a corpus of 162,259 full-text biomedical journal articles from which to derive an- swers. Questions were formulated from actual infor- mation needs of biomedical researchers, and perfor- mance was based on human evaluation of the answers. The University of Colorado approach to this task in- volved

J. Gregory Caporaso; William A. Baumgartner Jr.; Hyunmin Kim; Zhiyong Lu; Helen L. Johnson; Olga Medvedeva; Anna Lindemann; Lynne M. Fox; Elizabeth K. White; K. Bretonnel Cohen; Lawrence Hunter

2006-01-01

179

Can Nonprofit Management Help Answer Public Management's "Big Questions?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of nonprofit literature on board governance, volunteer management, and performance measurement shows that study of the nonprofit sector can help inform public management's "big questions": breaking the micromanagement cycle, motivating employees, and measuring performance. Nonprofit studies could enrich public administration curricula.…

Brooks, Arthur C.

2002-01-01

180

Answering Hard Questions: "Wh"-Movement across Dialects and Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large-scale study of complex "wh"-questions with 1,000 subjects aged 4-9 years is reported. The subjects' dialects were Mainstream American English or African American English, and approximately one-third were language impaired. The study examined when children permit long distance "wh"-movement, and when they respect a variety of syntactic…

De Villiers, Jill; Roeper, Thomas; Bland-Stewart, Linda; Pearson, Barbara

2008-01-01

181

25 Questions You Should Know How to Answer  

E-print Network

other areas of the Earth at the same latitude are deserts? #12;25 Questions (B) 6. If sea level rises hurricanes often, but not always, veer away from Florida? 2. Why will it rain in August in Gainesville? Why will it rain in January in Gainesville? 3. Why does most of north Florida get wet when it rains in January

Binford, Michael W.

182

Why Peer Discussion Improves Student Performance on In-Class Concept Questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

When students answer an in-class conceptual question individually using clickers, discuss it with their neighbors, and then revote on the same question, the percentage of correct answers typically increases. This outcome could result from gains in understanding during discussion, or simply from peer influence of knowledgeable students on their neighbors. To distinguish between these alternatives in an undergraduate genetics course, we followed the above exercise with a second, similar (isomorphic) question on the same concept that students answered individually. Our results indicate that peer discussion enhances understanding, even when none of the students in a discussion group originally knows the correct answer.

Smith, Michelle K.; Wood, William B.; Adams, Wendy K.; Wieman, Carl E.; Knight, Jennifer K.; Guild, N.

2012-07-10

183

In Pursuit of Happiness: Empirical Answers to Philosophical Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we provide an overview of what various philosophers throughout the ages have claimed about the nature of\\u000a happiness, and we discuss to what extent psychological science has been able to substantiate or refute their claims. We first\\u000a address concerns raised by philosophers regarding the possibility, desirability, and justifiability of happiness and then\\u000a turn to the perennial question

Pelin Kesebir; Ed Diener

184

Service-Learning and Leadership Development: Posing Questions Not Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a theory and practice for using service-learning for leadership development. The philosophical premises for merging service learning and leadership are drawn from educational theorists and from the best practices of experiential education and organizational development. From these philosophies is drawn a curriculum introducing students

Althaus, Jennifer

1997-01-01

185

Answering Fundamental Questions about Cataclysmic Variables and Classical Novae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cataclysmic variables (CVs) are interacting binaries consisting of a white dwarf primary, and a non-degenerate secondary star. There are numerous subclasses of CVs (any of which could become a Classical Nova), but broadly, these classifications are believed to arise from either differing values of the mass accretion rate, or whether the white dwarf primary is magnetic. There continue to be numerous questions about the origin, and evolution of these systems. We will review some of the outstanding issues, and address how advances in interferometry might be used to resolve them.

Harrison, T. E.

2014-09-01

186

A combined IR\\/NLP approach to question answering against large text collections  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe an approach to finding literal answer strings to natural language questions in large text collections. The approach involves linking an IR system with an NLP system that performs reasonably thorough linguistic analysis. The IR system treats the question as a query and returns a set of t op ranked documents or passages. The NLP system parses the question

Robert Gaisauskas; Kevin Humphreys

2000-01-01

187

Using Separate Answer Sheets with Grade 3 Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors compared the performance of third-grade students testing on answer sheets with those testing on machine-scored test booklets. The 1,832 students in the nationally representative sample were assigned at the campus level to complete the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition in 1 of 4 conditions: (a) Form A answer sheet, (b)…

Brooks, Thomas; O'Malley, Kimberly; Ragland, Shelley; Young, Michael; Kirkpatrick, Rob

2014-01-01

188

Learning to Find Answers to Questions on the Web EUGENE AGICHTEIN  

E-print Network

Learning to Find Answers to Questions on the Web EUGENE AGICHTEIN Columbia University STEVE (answers.- google.com) facilitate interaction with human experts. Authors' addresses: Eugene Agichtein (eugene@cs.columbia.edu), Steve Lawrence (lawrence@necmail.com), Luis Gravano (gravano

Agichtein, Eugene

189

Know Hepatitis B Questions and Answers for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs)  

MedlinePLUS

... Campaign About our Partner Spread the Word Know Hepatitis B Questions and Answers Share Compartir On this ... Overview Transmission Symptoms Testing Treatment Overview What is Hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is a liver disease. It ...

190

26 CFR 1.416-1 - Questions and answers on top-heavy plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the present value should reflect a...account unless they are nonproportional subsidies. See Question and Answer T-27...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the benefit should be assumed to...

2012-04-01

191

26 CFR 1.416-1 - Questions and answers on top-heavy plans.  

...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the present value should reflect a...account unless they are nonproportional subsidies. See Question and Answer T-27...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the benefit should be assumed to...

2014-04-01

192

26 CFR 1.416-1 - Questions and answers on top-heavy plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the present value should reflect a...account unless they are nonproportional subsidies. See Question and Answer T-27...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the benefit should be assumed to...

2011-04-01

193

26 CFR 1.416-1 - Questions and answers on top-heavy plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the present value should reflect a...account unless they are nonproportional subsidies. See Question and Answer T-27...the plan provides for a nonproportional subsidy, the benefit should be assumed to...

2013-04-01

194

How a Philosopher Became an Information-Scientist Answers to Luciano Floridi's Five Questions  

E-print Network

How a Philosopher Became an Information-Scientist Answers to Luciano Floridi's Five Questions (For importance of architectures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.2.9 Thinking like a designer Contents 1 How did it start? 2 1.1 High level overview

Sloman, Aaron

195

Pathogenesis of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis: some answers, more questions  

PubMed Central

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) has long been recognized as unique among childhood arthritides, because of its distinctive clinical and epidemiological features, including an association with macrophage activation syndrome. Here, we summarize research into sJIA pathogenesis. The triggers of disease are unknown, although infections are suspects. Once initiated, sJIA seems to be driven by innate proinflammatory cytokines. Endogenous Toll-like receptor ligands, including S100 proteins, probably synergize with cytokines to perpetuate inflammation. These and other findings support the hypothesis that sJIA is an autoinflammatory condition. Indeed, IL-1 is implicated as a pivotal cytokine, but the source of excess IL-1 activity remains obscure and the role of IL-1 in chronic arthritis is less clear. Another hypothesis is that a form of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis underlies sJIA, with varying degrees of its expression across the spectrum of disease. Alternatively, sJIA with MAS might be a genetically distinct subtype. Yet another hypothesis proposes that inadequate downregulation of immune activation is central to sJIA, supporting evidence for which includes ‘alternative activation’ of monocyte and macrophages and possible deficiencies in IL-10 and T regulatory cells. Some altered immune phenotypes persist during clinically inactive disease, which suggests that this stage might represent compensated inflammation. Despite much progress being made, many questions remain, providing fertile ground for future research. PMID:21647204

Mellins, Elizabeth D.; Macaubas, Claudia; Grom, Alexei A.

2014-01-01

196

Answers to questions about updated estimates of occupational radiation doses at Three Mile Island, Unit 2  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this question and answer report is to provide a clear, easy-to-understand explanation of revised radiation dose estimates which workers are likely to receive over the course of the cleanup at Three Mile Island, Unit 2, and of the possible health consequences to workers of these new estimates. We will focus primarily on occupational dose, although pertinent questions about public health and safety will also be answered.

Not Available

1983-12-01

197

Obstacles to answering doctors' questions about patient care with evidence: qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjective: To describe the obstacles encountered when attempting to answer doctors' questions with evidence.Design: Qualitative study.Setting: General practices in Iowa.Participants: 9 academic generalist doctors, 14 family doctors, and 2 medical librarians.Main outcome measure: A taxonomy of obstacles encountered while searching for evidence based answers to doctors' questions.Results: 59 obstacles were encountered and organised according to the five steps in asking

John W Ely; Jerome A Osheroff; Mark H Ebell; M Lee Chambliss; Daniel C Vinson; James J Stevermer; Eric A Pifer

2002-01-01

198

Responses to Medical Students' Frequently Asked Questions About Family Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides answers to many questions medical students ask about the specialty of family medicine. It was developed through the collaborative efforts of several family medicine organizations, including the American Academy of Family Physicians, the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine, the Association of Family Medicine Residency Directors, and the Associa- tion of Departments of Family Medicine. The article

AMY L. McGAHA; ELIZABETH GARRETT; C. JOBE; PETER NALIN; WARREN P. NEWTON; PERRY A. PUGNO; Kansas NORMAN B. KAHN

199

Answers to frequently asked questions about cleanup activities at Three Mile Island, Unit 2  

SciTech Connect

This question-and-answer report provides answers in nontechnical language to frequently asked questions about the status of cleanup activities at Three Mile Island, Unit 2. The answers update information first prepared in 1981, shortly after the cleanup got under way. Since then, a variety of important developments in the cleanup has occurred. The information in the report should be read in conjunction with NUREG 1060, a discussion of increased occupational exposure estimates for the cleanup. The questions and answers in this report cover purpose and community involvement, decontamination of water and reactor, fuel removal, radwaste transport, environmental impact, social and economic effects, worker exposures and safety, radiation monitoring, potential for accidents, and schedule and funding.

Not Available

1984-03-01

200

10 Questions to Answer for Technology to Succeed in Your School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few principals claim to be technology experts. Most aspire to design a map that leads their schools to success with educational technology. However, the key to success on the journey is not knowing everything or becoming a technology expert. It is about asking the right questions, exploring the answers to those questions, and creating a road map…

Gosmire, Doreen; Grady, Marilyn L.

2007-01-01

201

The Most-Asked Questions about Gifted Children: Answers for Parents and Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for both parents and educators, the booklet offers answers to the questions parents ask about their gifted children. The 64 questions are divided into 6 major categories--definitions of giftedness, ways to help parents identify gifted children, schooling for the gifted child, understanding gifted children, help for the gifted child, and…

Fehrle, Carl C.; And Others

202

Wrong Answer to the Wrong Question: Why We Need Critical Teacher Education, Not Standardization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors contend that teacher education (like K-12) is under attack by those seeking to exploit the public good and privatize education. Teacher educators find themselves on the defensive, compelled to answer questions about efficacy and accountability that do not reflect their understandings of their work, questions that do not address the…

Madeloni, Barbara; Gorlewski, Julie

2013-01-01

203

On-Line Mathematics Assessment: The Impact of Mode on Performance and Question Answering Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from paper-based to computer-based assessment raises a number of important issues about how mode might affect children's performance and question answering strategies. In this project 104 eleven-year-olds were given two sets of matched mathematics questions, one set on-line and the other on paper. Facility values were analyzed to…

Johnson, Martin; Green, Sylvia

2006-01-01

204

A Semi-supervised Topic-driven Approach for Clustering Textual Answers to Survey Questions  

E-print Network

cluster a specific type of text documents: textual responses gathered through a survey system. Due such questions, text clustering can be employed. This technique categorizes a collection of text documentsA Semi-supervised Topic-driven Approach for Clustering Textual Answers to Survey Questions Hui Yang

Yang, Hui

205

Warning Signs of Youth Violence. Just the Facts: Answers to Your Questions about Psychological Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence. It's the act of purposefully hurting someone. And it's a major issue facing today's young adults. This fact sheet answers questions that those aged 12-24 might ask about violence. This age group faces the highest risk of being the victim of violence. Questions regard the causes of youth violence, warning signs, what to do if someone…

American Psychological Association (APA), 2002

2002-01-01

206

Responding to Children's Answers: Questions Embedded in the Social Context of Early Childhood Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents analysis of question-answer sequences during problem inquiry between a teacher and two children in an early childhood crèche in New Zealand. Conversation analysis is used to reveal which questions the teacher asks, how children answer the questions, and the teacher's responses to the child's answers. Although…

Bateman, Amanda

2013-01-01

207

The communication skills used by deaf children and their hearing peers in a question-and-answer game context.  

PubMed

Communication is frequently characterized by a sequence of questions and answers. Little is known about how well students who are deaf or hard of hearing (deaf/HH) understand their hearing classmates in the context of an inclusive setting. This study explored the communication skills used by deaf/HH children when asking and answering questions in a "trivia" game with their hearing peers. Thirty-four children with normal hearing and 34 children with a hearing loss ranging from mild to profound (>90 dB HL) participated in this study. Each of the 34 dyads included 1 child with normal hearing and 1 child with hearing loss, matched by gender and grade level at school. Dyads were videotaped and analyzed. Pairs were compared in terms of their capacity to repeat the question, strategies used to seek information, and accuracy of responses. Results showed that the group of hearing children was able to repeat more questions verbatim compared to the deaf/HH children. The deaf/HH group required a significantly greater number of repetitions, sought a greater number of general clarifications, and correctly answered more questions compared with the group of hearing children. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of peer communication and pragmatic skill development. PMID:20299450

Toe, Dianne M; Paatsch, Louise E

2010-01-01

208

Research Paper: Do Online Information Retrieval Systems Help Experienced Clinicians Answer Clinical Questions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess the impact of clinicians' use of an online information retrieval system on their performance in answering clinical questions.DesignPre-\\/post-intervention experimental design.MeasurementsIn a computer laboratory, 75 clinicians (26 hospital-based doctors, 18 family practitioners, and 31 clinical nurse consultants) provided 600 answers to eight clinical scenarios before and after the use of an online information retrieval system. We examined the proportion

Johanna I. Westbrook; Enrico W. Coiera; A. Sophie Gosling

2005-01-01

209

"Laying Bare of Questions Which Have Been Hidden by Answers": The English Language Arts Standards of the Common Core, K-5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors question the answer the national Common Core State Standards (CCSS, 2010) claims. The questions center on the validity of the new standardized tests based on the CCSS and teachers' evaluations being tied to student test scores on flawed tests. The proposed tests on the CCSS will position children as deficient, and will not recognize…

Gangi, Jane M.; Reilly, Mary Ann

2013-01-01

210

Text-to-text generation for question answering Wauter Bosma, Erwin Marsi, Emiel Krahmer and Mariet Theune  

E-print Network

Text-to-text generation for question answering Wauter Bosma, Erwin Marsi, Emiel Krahmer and Mari¨et Theune Abstract When answering questions, major challenges are (a) to carefully deter- mine the content alignment and surface string generation. 1 Introduction Answering specific types of trivia style (so

Theune, Mariët

211

Evolutionary explanations in medical and health profession courses: are you answering your students' \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Medical and pre-professional health students ask questions about human health that can be answered in two ways, by giving proximate and evolutionary explanations. Proximate explanations, most common in textbooks and classes, describe the immediate scientifically known biological mechanisms of anatomical characteristics or physiological processes. These explanations are necessary but insufficient. They can be complemented with evolutionary explanations that describe

Eugene E Harris; Avelin A Malyango

2005-01-01

212

[Questions and answers to possible side effects of external bleaching therapies].  

PubMed

There are several questions with regard to the application and possible side effects of external bleaching therapies. The following short review gives answers to some questions regarding this topic. It might be concluded that every bleaching therapy should be preceded by a meticulous intraoral examination. To reduce the risk of adverse effects, it is mandatory to have knowledge about the mode of action of bleaching agents. PMID:18998582

Attin, Thomas; Wiegand, Annette; Schmidlin, Patrick R

2008-01-01

213

BVideoQA: Online English\\/Chinese bilingual video question answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a bilingual video question answer- ing (QA) system, namely BVideoQA, which allows users to retrieve Chinese videos through English or Chinese natural language questions. Our method first extracts an optimal one-to-one string pattern matching according to theproposeddenseandlongN-grammatch.Onthebasis of the matched string patterns, it gives a passage score based on our term-weighting scheme.The main contribu- tions of this

Yue-shi Lee; Yu-chieh Wu; Jie-chi Yang

2009-01-01

214

A Medical Consultation Service on Facebook: Descriptive Analysis of Questions Answered  

PubMed Central

Background Social media is used increasingly by the general public to access health information. However, a lack of models for health information distribution limits the presence of publicly funded services on social media sites. Objective The goal of the study was to present a model for delivering child health information to parents through a social media site. Methods A Facebook site was launched for 11 months based on a question-and-answer service produced by a pediatrician and open to Facebook users over 18 years old. If the answer did not include a further referral to a health care service provider, the question was considered comprehensively answered. The site was funded by a pharmaceutical company, and it included an advertisement of a pharmaceutical product for children’s fever and pain. Results During the study, 768 questions were submitted: an average of 69.8 (SD 31.7) per month. There were 245,533 independent Facebook users on the site, with an average of 727.0 (SD 2280.6) per day. Infections were the most common theme in questions (355/768, 46.2%). Questions were more likely to be comprehensively answered if they were related to infections (279/355, 78.6%) than questions related to non-infectious symptoms (265/423, 64.2%, P=.003). Conclusions On this site aimed at parents of small children, personalized answers were an effective way of delivering information. The service is likely to have reduced the need for further contacts with a health care service provider in more than half of the cases. The site could serve as a model for publicly funded health information distribution. PMID:25189182

2014-01-01

215

Apparel Marketing. [Student Manual] and Answer Book/Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document on apparel marketing contains both a student's manual and an answer book/teacher's guide. The student's manual contains the following 16 assignments: (1) introduction to fashion and fashion merchandising; (2) current fashion; (3) careers in fashion; (4) buying; (5) retailing; (6) merchandise basics; (7) merchandise--promotion and…

Gaskill, Melissa Lynn

216

Question-Answering for Intelligent On-Line Help: The Process of Intelligent Responding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the process of specifying a question-answering help facility in the context of UNIX mail. The specification was bosed upon experimental expert-user facilitative dialogues. These dialogues were analyzed using a classification scheme developed for the purpose. The scheme provides a meta- language for describing patterns of intent and rhetorical structure in dialogue. Using the scheme as a tool,

Rachel M. Pilkington

1992-01-01

217

Questions and answers, and references for the presentation, "Relativity, Time and Black Holes",  

E-print Network

places to start: Black Holes and Time Warps, K.S. Thorne General Relativity from A to B, R. Geroch FlatQuestions and answers, and references for the presentation, "Relativity, Time and Black Holes. On the other hand, he will have experienced more time up to that point than you. Q: If I fall into a black hole

Johnson, Raymond L.

218

Finding the Right Facts in the Crowd: Factoid Question Answering over Social Media  

E-print Network

results, and to better integrate social media content for effective information access. CategoriesFinding the Right Facts in the Crowd: Factoid Question Answering over Social Media Jiang Bian framework for factual information retrieval from social media. Results of a large scale evaluation

Agichtein, Eugene

219

Microsoft Word - App 2-4 Answers to Participant Questions.doc  

Cancer.gov

1 Lung Screening Study Version 3.0 Manual of Operations and Procedures 11/15/00 Appendix 2–4 Lung Screening Study Answers to Potential Participant Questions Participation: 1. Why should I participate? The study is designed to determine

220

Young Children's Sensitivity to New and Given Information when Answering Predicate-Focus Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In two studies we investigated 2-year-old children's answers to predicate-focus questions depending on the preceding context. Children were presented with a successive series of short video clips showing transitive actions (e.g., frog washing duck) in which either the action (action-new) or the patient (patient-new) was the changing, and therefore…

Salomo, Dorothe; Lieven, Elena; Tomasello, Michael

2010-01-01

221

Answering questions with an electroencephalogram-based brain-computer interface  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To demonstrate that humans can learn to control selected electroencephalographic components and use that control to answer simple questions.Methods: Four adults (one with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) learned to use electroencephalogram (EEG) mu rhythm (8 to 12Hz) or beta rhythm (18 to 25Hz) activity over sensorimotor cortex to control vertical cursor movement to targets at the top or bottom edge

Laurie A. Miner; Dennis J. McFarland; Jonathan R. Wolpaw

1998-01-01

222

Who Wants to Know? Question-asking and Answering Practices among Facebook Users  

E-print Network

Who Wants to Know? Question-asking and Answering Practices among Facebook Users Rebecca Gray1@umd.edu ABSTRACT Research has identified a link between Facebook use and bridging social capital, which speaks through which Facebook may help individuals mobilize these embedded informational and support resources

Michigan, University of

223

Development, implementation, and a cognitive evaluation of a definitional question answering system for physicians  

E-print Network

a large number of articles and generates short text, ideally, less than a few seconds, to answer questions, Suite 125, Durham, NC, USA Received 17 November 2005 Available online 12 March 2007 Abstract The published medical literature and online medical resources are important sources to help physicians make

Yu, Hong

224

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities Solicitation  

E-print Network

Questions, Answers and Clarifications Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels Production Facilities biofuels production facility? A.1 An existing biofuels facility is an existing facility that, as of the application due date of PON-13-601, produces (or did produce) biofuels in California. Q.2 Must an eligible

225

A Named Entity Recogniser for Question Answering Menno van Zaanen and Diego Molla  

E-print Network

A Named Entity Recogniser for Question Answering Menno van Zaanen and Diego Moll´a Centre present an NER designed for QA, which aims at having a high recall. 1 Introduction Named Entity (NE by a Named Entity Recogniser (NER). Typical entity types are per- son or company names, dates and times

Aliod, Diego Mollá

226

Self-Assessment Please take a minute to answer these questions.  

E-print Network

? __ Been uncomfortable when driving in general? If you answered "yes" to one or more of these questions. Pause Before You Act Take a minute to get your brain and body on the same page. In situations where you & Services Army Medical Department Office of The S

Blanchette, Robert A.

227

!! Plan to answer a specific question. !! Limit the number of variables in the test.  

E-print Network

KEY POINTS !! Plan to answer a specific question. !! Limit the number of variables in the test. !! Establish adjacent control plots. !! Replicate, replicate, replicate. !! Set up a written measurement FOR ESTABLISHING ANIMAL EXCLOSURES FOR RESEARCH IN CEDAR STANDS Raymond O. Miller Wildlife exclosures have been

228

Do-It-Yourself Learning Games: Software That Lets You Pick the Questions--and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews user-adaptable learning games that can be customized for any subject, including Tic Tac Show and the Game Show from Computer Advanced Ideas, which are question-answer learning programs based on game shows, and Master Match from Computer Advanced Ideas and Square Pairs from Scholastic Inc., which are based on the card game Concentration.…

Hively, Wells

1984-01-01

229

Using and Developing with CD-Interactive: Frequently Asked Questions Are Answered.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Compact Disc-Interactive (CD-I) using a question-and-answer format. Highlights include development of the CD-I technology; where to purchase discs and players; compatibility with other CD-ROM drives; how to make discs; authoring systems versus custom programs; entertainment and educational applications; licensing issues; specifications;…

Lediaev, Lucy; van Sonderen, Lex

1994-01-01

230

DalTREC 2005 QA System Jellyfish: Mark-and-Match Approach to Question Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second year that Dalhousie University actively participated in TREC. Three runs were submitted for the Question Answering track. Our results are below the median; however, they're signifantly larger than minimal, the lesson learnt will guide our future development of the system. Our approach was based on a mark-and-match methodology with regular expression rewriting.

Tony Abou-assaleh; Nick Cercone; Jon Doyle; Vlado Keselj; Chris Whidden

2005-01-01

231

DalTREC 2005 QA System Jellyfish: Mark-and-Match Approach to Question Answering  

E-print Network

DalTREC 2005 QA System Jellyfish: Mark-and-Match Approach to Question Answering Tony Abou-Assaleh-up deterministic parsing technique. For example, the rewriting in which " " is replaced with "z>" corresponds to the context- free rule S NP VP. The value z is obtained by decoding x and y, concatenating

Keselj, Vlado

232

DalTREC 2005 QA System Jelly sh: Mark-and-Match Approach to Question Answering  

E-print Network

DalTREC 2005 QA System Jelly#12;sh: Mark-and-Match Approach to Question Answering Tony Abou-Assaleh-up deterministic parsing technique. For example, the rewriting in which \\ " is replaced with \\z>" corresponds to the context- free rule S ! NP VP. The value z is obtained by decoding x and y, concatenating

Keselj, Vlado

233

Questions & Answers What can I do with a Women's and Gender Study degree?  

E-print Network

Questions & Answers What can I do with a Women's and Gender Study degree? How do I register in my are prerequisites? What is the difference between lower level and upper level courses? How do I choose my courses should I visit an Academic Advisor? Who is the academic advisor in Women's and Gender Studies? To whom

234

Questions and Answers About Bone CancerCENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION  

E-print Network

. This is an enzyme found in the blood when children are growing, when a broken bone is mending or when a diseaseQuestions and Answers About Bone CancerCENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION What is bone care provider is the only way to find out what may be causing these symptoms. How is bone cancer

235

Optimizing The Selection of Strangers To Answer Questions in Social Media  

E-print Network

Millions of people express themselves on public social media, such as Twitter. Through their posts, these people may reveal themselves as potentially valuable sources of information. For example, real-time information about an event might be collected through asking questions of people who tweet about being at the event location. In this paper, we explore how to model and select users to target with questions so as to improve answering performance while managing the load on people who must be asked. We first present a feature-based model that leverages users exhibited social behavior, including the content of their tweets and social interactions, to characterize their willingness and readiness to respond to questions on Twitter. We then use the model to predict the likelihood for people to answer questions. To support real-world information collection applications, we present an optimization-based approach that selects a proper set of strangers to answer questions while achieving a set of application-dependen...

Mahmud, Jalal; Megiddo, Nimrod; Nichols, Jeffrey; Drews, Clemens

2014-01-01

236

Energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products: public meeting clarification, questions and answers  

SciTech Connect

Eighteen corporations and manufacturers provided answers to many questions posed at a public meeting on energy efficiency standards for eight consumer products. Questions on the regulations concerning the manufacturing standards, performance standards, and testing standards are included. Questions were posed about air conditioners, refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, stoves (ranges), ovens, clothes dryers, oil fired burners, water heaters, furnaces, etc. A presentation containing information pertaining to the values of average annual energy consumption per unit used by DOE in its analysis leading to proposed energy efficiency standards for nine types of consumer products is included. (MCW)

None

1980-08-01

237

Geophysical Summer Field Camp: Answering questions about the subsurface for the local community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Summer Geophysics Field Camp is part of the core requirement for undergraduate Geophysics majors at Boise State University (CSM), as well as at Colorado School of Mines (CSM). We have found it to be most effectively taught when the target of the camp involves answering questions, which impact society. For example, currently the CSM/BSU geophysics summer camp focuses on ground water resources and geothermal potential in the Upper Arkansas River Basin, a part of the Rio Grande Rift system in Chaffee County, Colorado. A prime goal is to train students how to combine diverse sources of information into a unified interpretation: Students examine lithologies and structures on the periphery of the basin. Cross sections are constructed to predict the geophysical signature. Geophysical tools then are used to ascertain the gross structure and examine subsurface conditions in greater detail. These tools include surveying, regional gravity, deep and shallow seismic surveys, magnetics, DC resistivity, Ground Penetrating Radar, electromagnetics, hydrochemistry, and karaoke. While BSU and CSM own a considerable amount of geophysical hardware, our field camps are only possible because of extensive support by corporations and governmental agencies. In addition, the Society of Exploration Geohysics (SEG) Foundation provides financial support, Chaffee County assists with housing costs, and local land owners provide open access. In turn, the field camp results aid the community of Chaffee County in assessing their water resources for long term growth planning, as well as understanding the geothermal potential for hydroelectric power generation. BSU is currently exploring with the SEG Foundation under the Geophysicists Without Borders program to apply this model of combined education and social outreach in the form a geophysics camp for Southeast Asia, where we propose to study geohazards,geoarcheology and groundwater issues.

van Wijk, K.; Batzle, M.; Liberty, L.; Raynolds, R.

2008-12-01

238

Electric Power Lines : Questions and Answers on Research into Health Effects.  

SciTech Connect

Most people know that electric power lines, like the wiring in our homes, can cause serious electric shocks if we`re not careful. Many people also want to know whether the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by power lines and other electrical devices cause health effects. The purpose of this booklet is to answer some common questions that the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) receives about the possible effects of power lines on health. First, some basic electrical terms are defined, and electric and magnetic fields are debed. Next, answers are given to several questions about recent scientific studies. Some important information about electrical safety follows. We then describe how BPA is addressing public concerns about potential health effects of power lines. The last section tells you how to obtain more detailed information about the health and safety issues summarized in this booklet.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-05-01

239

Electric Power Lines : Questions and Answers on Research into Health Effects.  

SciTech Connect

Most people know that electric power lines, like the wiring in our homes, can cause serious electric shocks if we`re not careful. Many people also want to know whether the electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by power lines and other electrical devices cause health effects. The purpose of this pamphlet is to answer some common questions that the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) receives about the possible effects of power lines on health. (BPA is the Pacific Northwest`s Federal electric power marketing agency.) First, some basic electrical terms are defined, and electric and magnetic fields are described. Next, answers are given to several questions about recent scientific studies. We then describe how BPA is addressing public concerns raised by these studies. Some important information about electrical safety follows. The last section tells you how to obtain more detailed information about the health and safety issues summarized in this pamphlet.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1993-11-01

240

CSShark Answers Frequently Asked Questions: The CSS Know-How Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is an Internet tool that separates the presentation from the structural markup of a Web site. CSS keeps the structure of a document lean and fast while controlling the appearance of its content. This product is not an adapted tool from print or programming; rather, it is a means of enhancing HTML. For users interested in learning more about this tool, this informative and well-constructed site answers some of those frequently asked questions regarding CSS. In addition, the site explains some of the basics of CSS, provides tips and tricks for tackling the problems with Netscape 4, offers a tutorial concerning positioning with CSS (CSS-P, Web design without tables), and gives various resource links to other related sites. In short, for those with questions concerning CSS and its functions, the CSShark is ready to provide answers.

Mako.

2001-01-01

241

Cancer Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check (T) in front of the answer.  

E-print Network

EAT SMART Cancer Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check (T the information from this program. # I have or have had cancer. YES NO As you answer each question, think about

242

Question-Answering Behaviors in ESL and EFL Classrooms: Similarities and Differences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined student responses to teacher-initiated questions in classrooms of English as a Second Language (ESL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL). The study focused specifically on the similarities and differences in the questions asked by native-speaking (NS) teachers of ESL and by non-native-speaking (NNS) teachers of EFL, and to…

Kubota, Mikio

243

A control question test oriented towards students.  

PubMed

Control Question Tests were altered for 12 of 24 students who were examined with a polygraph about a mock crime which half of them had committed. The altered tests substituted control questions about students' cheating and plagiarism for the standard questions about crime issues. Responses to the altered tests were compared with those from tests using regular control questions which are usually about criminal issues. All tests were conducted by a professor. Detection scores derived from response magnitudes of skin resistance differed between innocent (M = 2.0) and guilty participants (M = -1.9). Guilt and innocence interacted with the type of test. Those examined with control questions oriented towards students scored as more innocent when actually innocent (M = 4.3) than guilty students examined with the student form (M = -3.0) or the crime form (M = -0.8) of the test and innocent students (M = -0.3) examined with control questions oriented towards crimes. The discussion is augmented by results from a direct analysis of magnitude of scores. PMID:9842625

Bradley, M T; Black, M E

1998-10-01

244

Students are back in class and we're ready to answer their questions about UC San Diego. Sign up for an informational event @ admissions.ucsd.edu/events  

E-print Network

with one of our Admissions Officers follows. Monday ­ Saturday 11:00 a.m. Students choosing any of these majors on the UC Application must also select an alternate major. Division of Biological Sciences -- all majors Engineering -- Aerospace Engineering -- Bioengineering -- Bioengineering

Tsien, Roger Y.

245

Can zoo records help answer behavioral research questions? The case of the left-handed lemurs (Lemur catta).  

PubMed

Most zoos keep comprehensive records, which potentially form a database for use in answering some research questions, such as in veterinary and population management research. They have not, however, been widely used to answer questions about animal behavior and welfare. Here we try to assess the usefulness to behavioral research of two sorts of zoo records (ARKS, the Animal Records Keeping System, and student dissertations held on file) to test the hypothesis that ring-tailed lemurs with a left limb preference experience more negative social lives. We found that, as predicted, lemurs with a left limb preference (LH) received more aggression and were involved in less grooming than nonleft-preferent lemurs (NLH), though the differences were not statistically significant. Contrary to prediction, LH lemurs had fewer reported woundings than NLH lemurs, but again the difference was not statistically significant. We found that the ARKS reports did not contain sufficient quantified and systematic behavioral data for our purposes, although otherwise they provided an excellent context for interpreting results. The student dissertations were also of limited use, primarily because of the small time frame in which they were carried out. Because of these shortcomings we were unable to distinguish whether our inability to find significant effects was due to biological (perhaps hand preference had no consequences for the lemurs) or data reasons. We suggest that closer liaison between zoo research staff, zoo record keepers and academic supervisors could help to improve the usefulness of zoo records for behavioral research. PMID:21674604

Hosey, Geoff; Hill, Sonya P; Lherbier, Mary L

2012-01-01

246

INDUSTRIAL CONTROL SYSTEM CYBER SECURITY: QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELEVANT TO NUCLEAR FACILITIES, SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY  

SciTech Connect

Typical questions surrounding industrial control system (ICS) cyber security always lead back to: What could a cyber attack do to my system(s) and; how much should I worry about it? These two leading questions represent only a fraction of questions asked when discussing cyber security as it applies to any program, company, business, or organization. The intent of this paper is to open a dialog of important pertinent questions and answers that managers of nuclear facilities engaged in nuclear facility security and safeguards should examine, i.e., what questions should be asked; and how do the answers affect an organization's ability to effectively safeguard and secure nuclear material. When a cyber intrusion is reported, what does that mean? Can an intrusion be detected or go un-noticed? Are nuclear security or safeguards systems potentially vulnerable? What about the digital systems employed in process monitoring, and international safeguards? Organizations expend considerable efforts to ensure that their facilities can maintain continuity of operations against physical threats. However, cyber threats particularly on ICSs may not be well known or understood, and often do not receive adequate attention. With the disclosure of the Stuxnet virus that has recently attacked nuclear infrastructure, many organizations have recognized the need for an urgent interest in cyber attacks and defenses against them. Several questions arise including discussions about the insider threat, adequate cyber protections, program readiness, encryption, and many more. These questions, among others, are discussed so as to raise the awareness and shed light on ways to protect nuclear facilities and materials against such attacks.

Robert S. Anderson; Mark Schanfein; Trond Bjornard; Paul Moskowitz

2011-07-01

247

Graduate Student Survey: Questions Graduate Student Survey  

E-print Network

Administration Public Health Sociology Soil Science Theoretical Physics #12;4 Urban Design Urban Planning Excellent Good Average Fair Poor N/A i. Graduate student activities Excellent Good Average Fair in this questionnaire that can disclose your identity. Thank you for taking the time to complete this important survey

Shihadeh, Alan

248

Practical question-and-answer guide on VDTS (video display terminals) for BEES (base bioenvironmental engineer). Final report  

SciTech Connect

The USAF OEHL conducted an extensive literature review of Video Display Terminals (VDTs) and the health problems commonly associated with them. The report is presented in a question-and-answer format in an attempt to paraphrase the most commonly asked questions about VDTs that are forwarded to USAF OEHL/RZN. The questions and answers have been divided into several topic areas: Ionizing Radiation; Nonionizing Radiation; Optical Radiation; Ultrasound; Static Electricity; Health Complaints/Ergonomics; Pregnancy.

Olson, B.M.

1985-01-01

249

Does the Man in the Moon Ever Sleep? An Analysis of Student Answers about Simple Astronomical Events: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the answers provided by (n=98) 12-year-old students to questions on an end-of-the-year science examination. Points out that although students are able to explain day and night, they have difficulties explaining why the moon always presents the same face to Earth. Addresses implications for teaching and learning. (Contains 17 references.)…

Dove, Jane

2002-01-01

250

Why Students Answer TIMSS Science Test Items the Way They Do  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to explore how Year 8 students answered Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) questions and whether the test questions represented the scientific understanding of these students. One hundred and seventy-seven students were tested using written test questions taken from the science test used in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study. The degree to which a sample of 38 children represented their understanding of the topics in a written test compared to the level of understanding that could be elicited by an interview is presented in this paper. In exploring student responses in the interview situation this study hoped to gain some insight into the science knowledge that students held and whether or not the test items had been able to elicit this knowledge successfully. We question the usefulness and quality of data from large-scale summative assessments on their own to represent student scientific understanding and conclude that large scale written test items, such as TIMSS, on their own are not a valid way of exploring students'' understanding of scientific concepts. Considerable caution is therefore needed in exploiting the outcomes of international achievement testing when considering educational policy changes or using TIMSS data on their own to represent student understanding.

Harlow, Ann; Jones, Alister

2004-04-01

251

[Veno-venous extracorporeal oxygenation and veno-arterial extracorporeal oxygenation. Questions, answers].  

PubMed

A round table, organized by the French Society of Perfusion (Sofraperf) at the French national congress on extracorporeal circulations (Perfusion 2013), was attended by perfusionists, anaesthesiologists, intensivists and surgeons around the theme of respiratory veno-venous support and veno-arterial circulatory support with extracorporeal oxygenation in intensive care units. The debate was conducted in a participatory manner by bi-directional questions-answers session between moderators and assistance. The authors report management of this type of therapy that is not perfectly homogeneous, supported on literature data. Cannulae, cannulation, circuit, oxygenator, anticoagulation, control, surveillance, weaning are subject to paragraphs with defined entry whose contents are mutually enriching. PMID:24630169

Isetta, C; Lebreton, G; Janot, N; Prommenschenkel, M; Rilos, Z; Roques, F; Longrois, D

2014-04-01

252

Evaluating a science diversity program at UC Berkeley: more questions than answers.  

PubMed

For the past three decades, much attention has been focused on developing diversity programs designed to improve the academic success of underrepresented minorities, primarily in mathematics, science, and engineering. However, ethnic minorities remain underrepresented in science majors and careers. Over the last 10 years, the Biology Scholars Program (BSP), a diversity program at the University of California (UC), Berkeley, has worked to increase the participation and success of students majoring in the biological sciences. A quantitative comparison of students in and out of the program indicates that students in BSP graduate with a degree in biology at significantly higher rates than students not in BSP regardless of race/ethnicity. Furthermore, students who are in BSP have statistically lower high school grade point averages (GPAs) and Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT) scores than students not in BSP. African-American and Hispanic students who join BSP graduate with significantly higher UC Berkeley biology GPAs than non-BSP African-American and Hispanic students, respectively. Majority (Asian and White) students in BSP graduate with statistically similar UC GPAs despite having lower SAT scores than non-BSP majority students. Although BSP students are more successful in completing a biology degree than non-program members, the results raise a series of questions about why the program works and for whom. PMID:12888847

Matsui, John; Liu, Roger; Kane, Caroline M

2003-01-01

253

Electric Power Lines : Questions and Answers on Research into Health Effects.  

SciTech Connect

Most people know that electric power lines, like the wiring in our homes, can cause serious electric shocks if we`re not careful. Many people also want to know whether the EMF (electric and magnetic fields) produced by power lines and other electrical devices affect our health. Although no adverse health effects of electric power EMF have been confirmed, there is continued scientific uncertainty about this issue. Research on EMF is ongoing throughout the world. The purpose of this booklet is to answer some common questions that the BPA (Bonneville Power Administration) receives about the possible effects of power lines on health. First, some basic electrical terms are defined, and electric and magnetic fields are debed. Next, answers are given to several questions about recent scientific studies. Some important information about electrical safety follows. We then describe how BPA is addressing public concerns about potential health effects of power lines. The last section tells you how to obtain more detailed information about the health and safety issues summarized in this booklet.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1995-06-01

254

Generating Exact- and Ranked Partially-Matched Answers to Questions in Advertisements  

E-print Network

Taking advantage of the Web, many advertisements (ads for short) websites, which aspire to increase client's transactions and thus profits, offer searching tools which allow users to (i) post keyword queries to capture their information needs or (ii) invoke form-based interfaces to create queries by selecting search options, such as a price range, filled-in entries, check boxes, or drop-down menus. These search mechanisms, however, are inadequate, since they cannot be used to specify a natural-language query with rich syntactic and semantic content, which can only be handled by a question answering (QA) system. Furthermore, existing ads websites are incapable of evaluating arbitrary Boolean queries or retrieving partiallymatched answers that might be of interest to the user whenever a user's search yields only a few or no results at all. In solving these problems, we present a QA system for ads, called CQAds, which (i) allows users to post a natural-language question Q for retrieving relevant ads, if they exi...

Qumsiyeh, Rani; Ng, Yiu-Kai

2011-01-01

255

Violations of information structure: An electrophysiological study of answers to wh-questions  

PubMed Central

This study investigates brain responses to violations of information structure in wh-question-answer pairs, with particular emphasis on violations of focus assignment in it-clefts (It was the queen that silenced the banker). Two types of ERP responses in answers to wh-questions were found. First, all words in the focus-marking (cleft) position elicited a large positivity (P3b) characteristic of sentence-final constituents, as did the final words of these sentences, which suggests that focused elements may trigger integration effects like those seen at sentence end. Second, the focusing of an inappropriate referent elicited a smaller, N400-like effect. The results show that comprehenders actively use structural focus cues and discourse-level restrictions during online sentence processing. These results, based on visual stimuli, were different from the brain response to auditory focus violations indicated by pitch-accent (Hruska et al. 2000), but similar to brain responses to newly introduced discourse referents (Bornkessel et al. 2003). PMID:17517429

Cowles, H. Wind; Kluender, Robert; Kutas, Marta; Polinsky, Maria

2014-01-01

256

Answering the right question - integration of InSAR with other datasets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The capabilities of satellite Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) are well known, and utilized across a wide range of academic and commercial applications. However there is a tendency, particularly in commercial applications, for users to ask 'What can we study with InSAR?'. When establishing a new technique this approach is important, but InSAR has been possible for 20 years now and, even accounting for new and innovative algorithms, this ground has been thoroughly explored. Too many studies conclude 'We show the ground is moving here, by this much', and mention the wider context as an afterthought. The focus needs to shift towards first asking the right questions - in fields as diverse as hazard awareness, resource optimization, financial considerations and pure scientific enquiry - and then working out how to achieve the best possible answers. Depending on the question, InSAR (and ground deformation more generally) may provide a large or small contribution to the overall solution, and there are usually benefits to integrating a number of techniques to capitalize on the complementary capabilities and provide the most useful measurements. However, there is still a gap between measurements and answers, and unlocking the value of the data relies heavily on appropriate visualization, integrated analysis, communication between technique and application experts, and appropriate use of modelling. We present a number of application examples, and demonstrate how their usefulness can be transformed by moving from a focus on data to answers - integrating complementary geodetic, geophysical and geological datasets and geophysical modeling with appropriate visualization, to enable comprehensive solution-focused interpretation. It will also discuss how forthcoming developments are likely to further advance realisation of the full potential satellite InSAR holds.

Holley, Rachel; McCormack, Harry; Burren, Richard

2014-05-01

257

Measuring University students' understanding of the greenhouse effect - a comparison of multiple-choice, short answer and concept sketch assessment tools with respect to students' mental models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The greenhouse effect comes up in most discussions about climate and is a key concept related to climate change. Existing studies have shown that students and adults alike lack a detailed understanding of this important concept or might hold misconceptions. We studied the effectiveness of different interventions on University-level students' understanding of the greenhouse effect. Introductory level science students were tested for their pre-knowledge of the greenhouse effect using validated multiple-choice questions, short answers and concept sketches. All students participated in a common lesson about the greenhouse effect and were then randomly assigned to one of two lab groups. One group explored an existing simulation about the greenhouse effect (PhET-lesson) and the other group worked with absorption spectra of different greenhouse gases (Data-lesson) to deepen the understanding of the greenhouse effect. All students completed the same assessment including multiple choice, short answers and concept sketches after participation in their lab lesson. 164 students completed all the assessments, 76 completed the PhET lesson and 77 completed the data lesson. 11 students missed the contrasting lesson. In this presentation we show the comparison between the multiple-choice questions, short answer questions and the concept sketches of students. We explore how well each of these assessment types represents student's knowledge. We also identify items that are indicators of the level of understanding of the greenhouse effect as measured in correspondence of student answers to an expert mental model and expert responses. Preliminary data analysis shows that student who produce concept sketch drawings that come close to expert drawings also choose correct multiple-choice answers. However, correct multiple-choice answers are not necessarily an indicator that a student produces an expert-like correlating concept sketch items. Multiple-choice questions that require detailed knowledge of the greenhouse effect (e.g. direction of re-emission of infrared energy from greenhouse gas) are significantly more likely to be answered correctly by students who also produce expert-like concept sketch items than by students who don't include this aspect in their sketch and don't answer the multiple choice questions correctly. This difference is not as apparent for less technical multiple-choice questions (e.g. type of radiation emitted by Sun). Our findings explore the formation of student's mental models throughout different interventions and how well the different assessment techniques used in this study represent the student understanding of the overall concept.

Gold, A. U.; Harris, S. E.

2013-12-01

258

26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...  

...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

2014-04-01

259

26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

2011-04-01

260

26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

2013-04-01

261

26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations § 1.512(a)-5T Questions and answers relating to the...

2012-04-01

262

75 FR 75482 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Residual Solvents in Animal Drug Products; Questions and Answers...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration...for Industry on Residual Solvents in Animal Drug Products; Questions and Answers...Residual Solvents that applies to both human and veterinary drugs and to...

2010-12-03

263

Reference Question Answered: Bibliographic Sources for the Ukrainian Periodical Press in the 1840’s: Encyclopedias, Bibliographies, Guides, and Library Catalogs  

E-print Network

This document is an electronic post-print of an article published in Slavic & East European Information Resources: Giullian, Jon. "Reference Question Answered: Bibliographic Sources for the Ukrainian Periodical Press in the 1840’s: Encyclopedias... be made to the version published in SEEIR. Reference Question Answered: Bibliographic Sources for the Ukrainian Periodical Press in the 1840’s: Encyclopedias, Bibliographies, Guides, and Library Catalogs Jon C. Giullian1 ABSTRACT...

Giullian, Jon C.

2008-01-01

264

Peer generation of multiple-choice questions: student engagement and experiences.  

PubMed

A free online system for generation of multiple-choice questions (PeerWise) was implemented in three courses (course A, B, and C) in two different years (second and third year) of a veterinary degree program. Students were asked to author questions, and answer and rate each other's questions. Student experiences of the system were explored using an online survey. The majority of students in both years either agreed or strongly agreed that both authoring and answering questions was helpful for their studies and wanted to use the system again in future courses. Thematic analysis highlighted students' views that engaging with the resource increased breadth and depth of knowledge and understanding and was very useful for revision purposes. There was a statistically significant difference between students in second and third year regarding whether students felt it was necessary for academic staff to be involved in the review process. Thematic analysis of this aspect identified issues relating to confidence in the ability of the peer group and the need for reassurance in the second-year group. Student engagement with the system was correlated with examination performance. In courses A and B there was a positive correlation between number of questions answered and examination performance, in course C there was no correlation. This study highlights the benefits of peer activity around question generation and proposes that such activities are an efficient and effective means to support student learning. PMID:23187030

Rhind, Susan M; Pettigrew, Graham W

2012-01-01

265

A Participatory Learning Approach to Biochemistry Using Student Authored and Evaluated Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs…

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

266

Recognizing Questions and Answers in EMR Templates Using Natural Language Processing.  

PubMed

Templated boilerplate structures pose challenges to natural language processing (NLP) tools used for information extraction (IE). Routine error analyses while performing an IE task using Veterans Affairs (VA) medical records identified templates as an important cause of false positives. The baseline NLP pipeline (V3NLP) was adapted to recognize negation, questions and answers (QA) in various template types by adding a negation and slot:value identification annotator. The system was trained using a corpus of 975 documents developed as a reference standard for extracting psychosocial concepts. Iterative processing using the baseline tool and baseline+negation+QA revealed loss of numbers of concepts with a modest increase in true positives in several concept categories. Similar improvement was noted when the adapted V3NLP was used to process a random sample of 318,000 notes. We demonstrate the feasibility of adapting an NLP pipeline to recognize templates. PMID:25000038

Divita, Guy; Shen, Shuying; Carter, Marjorie E; Redd, Andrew; Forbush, Tyler; Palmer, Miland; Samore, Matthew H; Gundlapalli, Adi V

2014-01-01

267

Questionnaires for eliciting evaluation data from users of interactive question answering  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating interactive question answering (QA) systems with real users can be challenging because traditional evaluation measures based on the relevance of items returned are difficult to employ since relevance judgments can be unstable in multi-user evaluations. The work reported in this paper evaluates, in distinguishing among a set of interactive QA systems, the effectiveness of three questionnaires: a Cognitive Workload Questionnaire (NASA TLX), and Task and System Questionnaires customized to a specific interactive QA application. These Questionnaires were evaluated with four systems, seven analysts, and eight scenarios during a 2-week workshop. Overall, results demonstrate that all three Questionnaires are effective at distinguishing among systems, with the Task Questionnaire being the most sensitive. Results also provide initial support for the validity and reliability of the Questionnaires.

Kelly, Diane; Kantor, Paul B.; Morse, Emile; Scholtz, Jean; Sun, Y.

2009-01-01

268

The ContactFinder agent: Answering bulletin board questions with referrals  

SciTech Connect

ContactFinder is an intelligent agent whose approach to assisting users is valuable and innovative in the following four ways. First, ContactFinder operates proactively in reading and responding to messages on electronic bulletin boards rather than acting in response to user queries. Second, ContactFinder assists users by referring them to other people who can help them, rather than attempting to find information that directly answers the user`s specific question. Third, ContactFinder categorizes messages and extracts their topic areas using a set of heuristics that are very efficient and demonstrably highly effective. Fourth, ContactFinder posts its referrals back to the bulletin boards rather than simply communicating with specific users, to increase the information density and connectivity of the system. This paper discusses these aspects of the system and demonstrates their effectiveness in over six months of use on a large-scale internal bulletin board.

Krulwich, B.; Burkey, C. [Center for Strategic Technology Research, Northbrook, IL (United States)

1996-12-31

269

Compatible solute influence on nucleic acids: Many questions but few answers  

PubMed Central

Compatible solutes are small organic osmolytes including but not limited to sugars, polyols, amino acids, and their derivatives. They are compatible with cell metabolism even at molar concentrations. A variety of organisms synthesize or take up compatible solutes for adaptation to extreme environments. In addition to their protective action on whole cells, compatible solutes display significant effects on biomolecules in vitro. These include stabilization of native protein and nucleic acid structures. They are used as additives in polymerase chain reactions to increase product yield and specificity, but also in other nucleic acid and protein applications. Interactions of compatible solutes with nucleic acids and protein-nucleic acid complexes are much less understood than the corresponding interactions of compatible solutes with proteins. Although we may begin to understand solute/nucleic acid interactions there are only few answers to the many questions we have. I summarize here the current state of knowledge and discuss possible molecular mechanisms and thermodynamics. PMID:18522725

Kurz, Matthias

2008-01-01

270

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2010-07-01

271

Dense Plasma Focus: A question in search of answers, a technology in search of applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Diagnostic information accumulated over four decades of research suggests a directionality of toroidal motion for energetic ions responsible for fusion neutron production in the Dense Plasma Focus (DPF) and existence of an axial component of magnetic field even under conditions of azimuthal symmetry. This is at variance with the traditional view of Dense Plasma Focus as a purely irrotational compressive flow. The difficulty in understanding the experimental situation from a theoretical standpoint arises from polarity of the observed solenoidal state: three independent experiments confirm existence of a fixed polarity of the axial magnetic field or related azimuthal current. Since the equations governing plasma dynamics do not have a built-in direction, the fixed polarity must be related with initial conditions: the plasma dynamics must interact with an external physical vector in order to generate a solenoidal state of fixed polarity. Only four such external physical vectors can be identified: the earth's magnetic field, earth's angular momentum, direction of current flow and the direction of the plasma accelerator. How interaction of plasma dynamics with these fields can generate observed solenoidal state is a question still in search of answers; this paper outlines one possible answer. The importance of this question goes beyond scientific curiosity into technological uses of the energetic ions and the high-power-density plasma environment. However, commercial utilization of such technologies faces reliability concerns, which can be met only by first-principles integrated design of globally-optimized industrial-quality DPF hardware. Issues involved in the emergence of the Dense Plasma Focus as a technology platform for commercial applications in the not-too-distant future are discussed.

Auluck, S. K. H.

2014-08-01

272

Dear Administrator: Leader's Edge Columnist Susan Brooks-Young Answers Your Questions about Grants, Fundraising, and Budgeting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author provides answers to several questions about grants, fundraising, and budgeting. In one particular question, the author explains why verification is required for administrative support in technology programs. She also suggests several qualities to seek when undergoing a contract with a grant writer.

Brooks-Young, Susan

2005-01-01

273

Question Vetting: The Process to Ensure Quality in Assessment of Medical Students  

PubMed Central

Over the past decade, medical schools have made new efforts to provide accurate, reliable, and timely assessments of the competence of trainees. All methods of assessment have strengths and intrinsic flaws. Written examination questions forms an important item in knowledge assessment and are typically classified according to whether they are open-ended or multiple choices. At present questions are prepared casually just before the examination and are not put through any quality check to correct any possible mistakes or ambiguity in the questions. This may lead to confusion or wrong understanding of the questions by the students which will be reflected in their answers as well. Question Vetting is the process when an expert person examines or evaluates and edits questions to make it free of any mistakes. The importance of vetting and re-vetting of examination questions cannot be overstated in the present scenario of medical education. There is a prescribed structure and protocol of question setting and vetting for examinations in medical education programmes. The areas that need to be examined during question vetting are for technical accuracy, content level and language aspects. The use of the prescribed structure and protocol of question vetting ensures a consistently high standard of question presentation during examinations which will help the students to understand the questions better and to answer them correctly. This article is intended to highlight the importance of introducing question vetting in our medical education scenario in order to improve the quality of assessment of medical students. PMID:25386509

Udayshankar, P.M.

2014-01-01

274

Biology 253 Human Anatomy Exam II Fall 2010 page 1 of 8 IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER ONLY 50 QUESTIONS. Do not answer more than 50 questions. If  

E-print Network

antebrachial compartment 9) Which of the following is a symptom of carpal tunnel entrapment? A) drop hand BBiology 253 Human Anatomy Exam II Fall 2010 page 1 of 8 IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS: ANSWER ONLY 50 253 Human Anatomy Exam II Fall 2010 page 2 of 8 7) Identify the INCORRECT association of muscle

Houde, Peter

275

The use of why-questions to enhance college science students' comprehension of their textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why-questions adjunct to reading material consistently help students remember unfamiliar information (recall) according to research investigating elaborative interrogation. Why-questions ask students to explain why statements pulled-out from a text are true. But no one apparently has assessed why-questions' effectiveness when measuring comprehension of paraphrased meaningful information and when students are learning in a naturalistic classroom context. This study investigated the use of why-questions in enhancing science reading comprehension. Undergraduates (123 males and 171 females) using a chapter from their introductory biology textbooks were randomly assigned to a treatment group with 21 adjunct why-questions or to a control group with no adjunct why-questions. The treatment group was instructed to read the textbook material and to answer the why-questions. The control group was instructed to read the same textbook material twice, a standard methodological procedure used in such research. Posttest data was collected using a posttest only equivalent group design. A test for students' prior knowledge and a test for students' verbal ability were administered to the students prior to the study. Findings revealed that students in the treatment group using adjunct why-question outperformed (p < .05) students in the control group without why-questions on a comprehension posttest. Of interest is that students with low-verbal ability who answered adjunct why-questions significantly outperformed students with low-verbal ability in the control group. Why-questions seem to be a potentially powerful learning device to improve student comprehension of college biology textbooks.

Smith, Betty Lou

2002-01-01

276

Learning Biology through Research Papers: A Stimulus for Question-Asking by High-School Students  

PubMed Central

Question-asking is a basic skill, required for the development of scientific thinking. However, the way in which science lessons are conducted does not usually stimulate question-asking by students. To make students more familiar with the scientific inquiry process, we developed a curriculum in developmental biology based on research papers suitable for high-school students. Since a scientific paper poses a research question, demonstrates the events that led to the answer, and poses new questions, we attempted to examine the effect of studying through research papers on students' ability to pose questions. Students were asked before, during, and after instruction what they found interesting to know about embryonic development. In addition, we monitored students' questions, which were asked orally during the lessons. Questions were scored according to three categories: properties, comparisons, and causal relationships. We found that before learning through research papers, students tend to ask only questions of the properties category. In contrast, students tend to pose questions that reveal a higher level of thinking and uniqueness during or following instruction with research papers. This change was not observed during or following instruction with a textbook. We suggest that learning through research papers may be one way to provide a stimulus for question-asking by high-school students and results in higher thinking levels and uniqueness. PMID:14673492

Brill, Gilat; Yarden, Anat

2003-01-01

277

To Change or Not to Change: Investigating the Value of MCQ Answer Changing for Gulf Arab Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates whether the practice of answer changing on multiple-choice questions (MCQs) is beneficial to Gulf Arab students' overall test performance. The proficiency exam used in this study is the Michigan English Language Institute College English Test - Grammar, Cloze, Vocabulary, Reading (MELICET-GCVR), which was developed using…

Al-Hamly, Mashael; Coombe, Christine

2005-01-01

278

Teaching Critical Questions about Argumentation through the Revising Process: Effects of Strategy Instruction on College Students' Argumentative Essays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of self-regulated strategy development revising instruction for college students that targeted the use of argumentation schemes and critical questions were assessed in three conditions. In the first condition, students were taught to revise their essays by asking and answering critical questions about the "argument from consequences"…

Song, Yi; Ferretti, Ralph P.

2013-01-01

279

Ten common questions (and their answers) about off-label drug use.  

PubMed

The term off-label drug use (OLDU) is used extensively in the medical literature, continuing medical education exercises, and the media. Yet, we propose that many health care professionals have an underappreciation of its definition, prevalence, and implications. This article introduces and answers 10 questions regarding OLDU in an effort to clarify the practice's meaning, breadth of application, acceptance, and liabilities. Off-label drug use involves prescribing medications for indications, or using a dosage or dosage form, that have not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Since the Food and Drug Administration does not regulate the practice of medicine, OLDU has become common. It occurs in every specialty of medicine, but it may be more common in areas of medicine in which the patient population is less likely to be included in clinical trials (eg, pediatric, pregnant, or psychiatric patients). Pharmaceutical companies are not allowed to promote their medications for an off-label use, which has lead to several large settlements for illegal marketing. To limit liability, physicians should prescribe medications only for indications that they believe are in the best interest of the patient. In addition, health care professionals should educate themselves about OLDU to weigh the risks and benefits and provide the best possible care for their patients. PMID:22877654

Wittich, Christopher M; Burkle, Christopher M; Lanier, William L

2012-10-01

280

A study of advanced training technology: Emerging answers to tough questions  

SciTech Connect

This study reports the result of an extensive nationwide review of military, private sector, and other federal agencies and organizations that are implementing a wide variety of advanced training technologies. This report classifies the general categories of advanced training technologies found and provides an overview of each, including specific types and examples. In addition, the research findings present an organizational model for training development linking overall organizational maturity to readiness to implement specific kinds of advanced training technologies. It also presents proposed methods for selecting media, describes the organizations and the data gathered, and provides a summary of implementation success at each organization. This study is organized as a set of five topics. Each topic raises a number of important questions and provides complete or emerging answers. For organizations who have made advanced training selections, this study is a resource to benchmark their success with other organizations who have made similar selections. For new or developing training organizations, this study will help plan their future technology selections by comparing their level of organizational maturity to the documented experiences of similar organizations.

NONE

1995-03-01

281

Sleuthing in HyperHolmes : a an evaluation of using hypertext vs. a book to answer questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although hypertext offers exciting new ways of presenting and accessing information, there is little research which systematically compares the usability of hypertext against traditional media with an eye to improving the design of the hypertext. This paper presents the results of an experiment which examined the performance and navigation strategies of users engaged in a question-answering task using either a

LAURA MARIE LEVENTHAL; BARBEE MYNATT TEASLEY; KEITH INSTONE; DIANE SCHERTLER ROHLMAN; JOHN FARHAT

1993-01-01

282

Randomized Controlled Trials in Evidence-Based Mental Health Care: Getting the Right Answer to the Right Question  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of clinical research is to answer this ques- tion: Would a new treatment, when added to the exist- ing range of treatment options available in practice, help patients? Randomized controlled trials (RCTs)— in particular, double-blind RCTs—have important methodological advantages over observational studies for addressing this question. These advantages, how- ever, come at a price. RCTs compare treatments using

Susan M. Essock; Robert E. Drake; Richard G. Frank; Thomas G. McGuire

2003-01-01

283

Where Have All the Teachers Gone? Finding Answers to the Most Basic Questions about California's Teacher Workforce. CenterView  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief presents a strong case for the creation of a statewide teacher data system in California by highlighting some of the simple teacher workforce questions that cannot be answered because such a system does not currently exist. At the state level, data on teacher qualifications are needed to fulfill the new reporting requirements of…

Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning, 2005

2005-01-01

284

First Impressions: The First Two Posts and their Influence on the Development of Online Question-Answer Discussion Threads  

E-print Network

First Impressions: The First Two Posts and their Influence on the Development of Online Question-Answer Discussion Threads Michael Hergenrader and Jihie Kim University of Southern California/Information Sciences. 2. Study Context The frameworks of Communities of Practice and Activity Theory have been adopted

Kim, Jihie

285

[What Can We Learn from the English Primary Schools? Questions and Answers from My Fulbright Administrative Exchange.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the primary education system in England as a whole and the operation of primary schools in Leicestershire in particular. It also contains questions and answers concerning English primary education. The paper describes the organization, funding, and administration of English primary schools, which provide the first 6 years of…

Firlik, Russell J.

286

DalTREC 2006 QA System Jellyfish: Regular Expressions Mark-and-Match Approach to Question Answering  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a question-answering system Jellyfish. Our approach is based on marking and matching steps that are implemented using the methodology of cascaded regular-expression rewriting. We present the system architecture and evaluate the system using the TREC 2004, 2005, and 2006 datasets. TREC 2004 was used as a training dataset, while TREC 2005 and TREC 2006 were used as testing

Vlado Keselj; Tony Abou-assaleh; Nick Cercone

2006-01-01

287

An online network tool for quality information to answer questions about occupational safety and health: usability and applicability  

PubMed Central

Background Common information facilities do not always provide the quality information needed to answer questions on health or health-related issues, such as Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) matters. Barriers may be the accessibility, quantity and readability of information. Online Question & Answer (Q&A) network tools, which link questioners directly to experts can overcome some of these barriers. When designing and testing online tools, assessing the usability and applicability is essential. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess the usability and applicability of a new online Q&A network tool for answers on OSH questions. Methods We applied a cross-sectional usability test design. Eight occupational health experts and twelve potential questioners from the working population (workers) were purposively selected to include a variety of computer- and internet-experiences. During the test, participants were first observed while executing eight tasks that entailed important features of the tool. In addition, they were interviewed. Through task observations and interviews we assessed applicability, usability (effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction) and facilitators and barriers in use. Results Most features were usable, though several could be improved. Most tasks were executed effectively. Some tasks, for example searching stored questions in categories, were not executed efficiently and participants were less satisfied with the corresponding features. Participants' recommendations led to improvements. The tool was found mostly applicable for additional information, to observe new OSH trends and to improve contact between OSH experts and workers. Hosting and support by a trustworthy professional organization, effective implementation campaigns, timely answering and anonymity were seen as important use requirements. Conclusions This network tool is a promising new strategy for offering company workers high quality information to answer OSH questions. Q&A network tools can be an addition to existing information facilities in the field of OSH, but also to other healthcare fields struggling with how to answer questions from people in practice with high quality information. In the near future, we will focus on the use of the tool and its effects on information and knowledge dissemination. PMID:20969777

2010-01-01

288

Probing decisive answers to dark energy questions from cosmic complementarity and lensing tomography  

E-print Network

We study future constraints on dark energy parameters determined from several combinations of CMB experiments, supernova data, and weak lensing surveys with and without tomography. In this analysis, we look in particular for combinations that will bring the uncertainties to a level of precision tight enough (a few percent) to answer decisively some of the dark energy questions. We probe the dark energy using two variants of its equation of state, and its energy density.We consider a set of 13 cosmological and systematic parameters, and assume reasonable priors on the lensing and supernova systematics. We consider various lensing surveys: a wide survey with f_{sky}=0.7, and with 2 (WLT2) and 5 (WLT5) tomographic bins; a deep survey with 10 bins (WLT10). The constraints found from Planck, 2000 supernovae with z_max=0.8, and WLT2 are: {sigma(w_0)=0.086, sigma(w_1)=0.069}, {sigma(w_0)=0.088, sigma(w_a)=0.11}, and {sigma(E_1)=0.029, sigma(E_2)=0.065}. With 5 bins, we find {sigma(w_0)=0.04, sigma(w_1)=0.034}, {sigma(w_0)=0.041, sigma(w_a)=0.056}, and {sigma(E_1)=0.012, sigma(E_2)=0.049}. Finally, we find from Planck, 2000 supernovae with z_max=1.5, and WLT10 with f_{sky}=0.1: {sigma(w_0)=0.032, sigma(w_1)=0.027}, {sigma(w_0)=0.033, sigma(w_a)=0.040}, and {sigma(E_1)=0.01, sigma(E_2)=0.04}. Although some worries remain about other systematics, our study shows that after the combination of the 3 probes, lensing tomography with many redshift bins and large coverages of the sky has the potential to add key improvements to the dark energy parameter constraints. However, the requirement for very ambitious and sophisticated surveys in order to achieve some of the constraints or to improve them suggests the need for new tests to probe the nature of dark energy in addition to constraining its equation of state. (Abriged)

Mustapha Ishak

2005-01-27

289

Discovery and New Frontiers: Science Missions Seeking New Answers to Timeless Questions (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Discovery and New Frontiers missions EPOXI, Stardust-NExT, Dawn, MESSENGER, Juno, and GRAIL help comprise NASA’s Year of the Solar System. Each of these investigations is seeking answers to key science questions and each has a unique approach to sharing that quest with the public. To date, spacecraft have photographed only four comets up close. What new information will EPOXI uncover when it flies by comet Hartley 2? Will it be similar to the others or very different? How will comet Tempel 1 appear to Stardust-NExT? The Deep Impact mission sent an impactor into the path of Tempel 1 in 2005. What changes will be visible in this unprecedented return visit? Will we finally see the crater made by the impact? Dawn will arrive at asteroid Vesta in July for a year-long orbit. Then it will millions of miles more to go into orbit around dwarf planet Ceres. Using the same science instruments to study both will yield important new information. MESSENGER has already discovered new phenomena and collected considerable data in its three flybys of Mercury. Once the orbiting phase begins, this dynamic planet is guaranteed to put on a spectacular show. Juno is traveling to the massive gas giant Jupiter to extend our knowledge about this wondrous body. Does it have a solid core? How much water does the atmosphere contain? How does the planet’s enormous magnetic force field affect its atmosphere? GRAIL will send twin space probes flying in tandem around the Moon to take precise gravity field measurements to help determine the structure and composition of the lunar interior from crust to core. In early 2011, the Discovery and New Frontiers Programs are planning a teacher “workshop without walls” to help celebrate YSS! Teachers will gather at 4 or 5 sites across the country, including California, Texas, Minnesota, and Maryland, and tune in via NASA’s digital learning network to hear talks about the missions and their science objectives. The workshops will also include trainings with hands-on activities the teachers can take back to their classroom.

Asplund, S.

2010-12-01

290

Towards spoken clinical-question answering: evaluating and adapting automatic speech-recognition systems for spoken clinical questions  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate existing automatic speech-recognition (ASR) systems to measure their performance in interpreting spoken clinical questions and to adapt one ASR system to improve its performance on this task. Design and measurements The authors evaluated two well-known ASR systems on spoken clinical questions: Nuance Dragon (both generic and medical versions: Nuance Gen and Nuance Med) and the SRI Decipher (the generic version SRI Gen). The authors also explored language model adaptation using more than 4000 clinical questions to improve the SRI system's performance, and profile training to improve the performance of the Nuance Med system. The authors reported the results with the NIST standard word error rate (WER) and further analyzed error patterns at the semantic level. Results Nuance Gen and Med systems resulted in a WER of 68.1% and 67.4% respectively. The SRI Gen system performed better, attaining a WER of 41.5%. After domain adaptation with a language model, the performance of the SRI system improved 36% to a final WER of 26.7%. Conclusion Without modification, two well-known ASR systems do not perform well in interpreting spoken clinical questions. With a simple domain adaptation, one of the ASR systems improved significantly on the clinical question task, indicating the importance of developing domain/genre-specific ASR systems. PMID:21705457

Liu, Feifan; Tur, Gokhan; Hakkani-Tür, Dilek

2011-01-01

291

Essential Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The secret to teaching may be as simple as asking students good questions--and then giving them the opportunity to find the answers. The author shares how he uses essential questions that set the class off on an inquiry. Rather than consuming information that he distributes and then repeating it on a test, students carry out their own…

Wilhelm, Jeffrey D.

2012-01-01

292

Supporting Argumentation through Students' Questions: Case Studies in Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how student-generated questions can support argumentation in science. Students were asked to discuss which of two graphs showing the change in temperature with time when ice is heated to steam was correct. Four classes of students, aged 12-14 years, from two countries, first wrote questions about the phenomenon. Then, working…

Chin, Christine; Osborne, Jonathan

2010-01-01

293

Supporting Argumentation Through Students' Questions: Case Studies in Science Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how student-generated questions can support argumentation in science. Students were asked to discuss which of two graphs showing the change in temperature with time when ice is heated to steam was correct. Four classes of students, aged 12–14 years, from two countries, first wrote questions about the phenomenon. Then, working in groups with members who differed in

Christine Chin; Jonathan Osborne

2010-01-01

294

An English language question answering system for a large relational database  

Microsoft Academic Search

By typing requests in English, casual users will be able to obtain explicit answers from a large relational database of aircraft flight and maintenance data using a system called PLANES. The design and implementation of this system is described and illustrated with detailed examples of the operation of system components and examples of overall system operation. The language processing portion

David L. Waltz

1978-01-01

295

The answering system to yes-no truth-functional questions in Korean-English bilingual children.  

PubMed

This study presents an experiment that explores the patterns of answers to yes-no truth-functional questions in English and Korean. The answering patterns are examined from 12 Korean-English bilingual children and 10 Korean-monolingual children. Four types of sentences in relation to given situations (Wason in Br J Psychol 52:133-142, 1961) were provided as questions such as true affirmative (TA), true negative (TN), false affirmative (FA), and false negative (FN). The bilingual children's answers were observed in separate language settings, English and Korean. The results by the bilingual in the Korean setting were compared with those by the monolinguals. The results show that bilingual children can process two systems rather successfully by providing correct responses to the given questions. But difficulty patterns, measured from error rates in each setting, are found different in two languages. The bilinguals' difficulty patterns in English and Korean, however, show deviation from monolinguals' difficulty patterns suggested in previous studies (Wason in Br J Psychol 52:133-142, 1961, Akiyama in Dev Psychol 20:219-228, 1984, Kim in Dev Psychol 21(3):462-472, 1985, Choi in Dev Psychol 29(3):407-420, 1991). The present work also shows that negatives are not uniformly reported with more errors than affirmatives when the truth condition and the answering system are further involved. All in all, the current study suggests that bilingual children have two separate processing systems for yes-no truth-functional questions. However, the two systems cannot be understood as a simple coexistence of two monolingual systems. Interaction of the two competing linguistic systems is discussed further. PMID:23639994

Choi, Hansook

2014-06-01

296

Any Questions? Want to Stimulate Student Curiosity? Let Them Ask Questions!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the eight scientific practices highlighted in "A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas," the first is for students to develop abilities to ask questions and define problems (NRC 2012). Constructing a range of questions about an object or phenomenon validates not only what students have…

Weiss, Tarin Harrar

2013-01-01

297

Semi-Automatic Grading of Students' Answers Written in Free Text  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The correct grading of free text answers to exam questions during an assessment process is time consuming and subject to fluctuations in the application of evaluation criteria, particularly when the number of answers is high (in the hundreds). In consequence of these fluctuations, inherent to human nature, and largely determined by emotional…

Escudeiro, Nuno; Escudeiro, Paula; Cruz, Augusto

2011-01-01

298

Automatic Question Generation and Answer Judging: A Q&A Game for Language Learning  

E-print Network

is most interested in developing intelligent tutoring systems that can interact with students in a more reading comprehension exercises, in which the student is given a passage to read, along with several is feasible, although the reading comprehension exercise is simplified. The student reads several isolated

299

QALC the QuestionAnswering program of the Language and Cognition group at LIMSICNRS  

E-print Network

and in the process of question/document pairing. Named entity recognition Similarly, named entities are recognized the questions and the document sentences. Named entities are extracted through lexico­syntactic patterns be recognized in the relevance curve of the documents. #12; Named entity recognition Tagged documents (named

Illouz, Gabriel

300

Sometimes Adults Miss the Main Ideas and Do Not Realize It: Confidence in Responses to Short-Answer and Multiple-Choice Comprehension Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relation between question characteristics and awareness of comprehension. Finds that readers have great confidence that their answers to thematic questions in both short-answer and multiple-choice formats are correct, even when they were wrong. Suggests that readers of challenging, inconsiderate texts are unaware of gross…

Pressley, Michael; And Others

1990-01-01

301

Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, 1974. Public Law 93-247 (S. 1191): Questions and Answers, Analysis, and Text of the Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains questions and answers concerning the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, an analysis of the Act by the Congressional Research Service, and a copy of the actual text. The question and answer section provides information about the rationale for the Act, the amount of money available for its implementation, as well as its…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

302

How many faces does a cube have?the answer is 6. Okay, I'm going to restate the question: how many 2-dimensional faces does  

E-print Network

1 Cube face How many faces does a cube have?­­the answer is 6. Okay, I'm going to restate the question: how many 2-dimensional faces does a 3-dimensional cube have? The answer hasn't changed--it's still 6. But now we are aware of more gen- eral questions. There are different dimensions of cubes

McCann, Robert J.

303

Effects of Wh-Question Graphic Organizers on Reading Comprehension Skills of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with autism spectrum disorders often have difficulty with reading comprehension. This study used a delayed multiple baseline across participants design to evaluate the effects of graphic organizers on the accuracy of wh-questions answered following short passage reading. Participants were three elementary-age students with autism spectrum…

Bethune, Keri S.; Wood,Charles L.

2013-01-01

304

Use of key feature questions in summative assessment of veterinary medicine students  

PubMed Central

Purpose To prove the hypothesis that procedural knowledge might be tested using Key Feature (KF) questions in written exams, the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation (TiHo) pioneered this format in summative assessment of veterinary medicine students. Exams in veterinary medicine are either tested orally, practically, in written form or digitally in written form. The only question formats which were previously used in the written e-exams were Type A Single-choice Questions, Image Analysis and Short Answer Questions. E-exams are held at the TiHo using the electronic exam system Q [kju:] by CODIPLAN GmbH. Methods In order to examine less factual knowledge and more procedural knowledge and thus the decision-making skills of the students, a new question format was integrated into the exam regulations by the TiHo and some examiner used this for the first time in the computer based assessment. Following a successful pilot phase in formative e-exams for students, KF questions were also introduced in summative exams. A number of multiple choice questions were replaced by KF questions in four computer based assessment in veterinary medicine. The subjects were internal medicine, surgery, reproductive medicine and dairy science. Results The integration and linking of KF questions into the computer based assessment system Q [kju:] went without any complications. The new question format was well received both by the students and the teaching staff who formulated the questions. Conclusion The hypothesis could be proven that Key Feature questions represent a practicable addition to the existing e-exam question formats for testing procedural knowledge. The number of KF questions will be therefore further increased in examinations in veterinary medicine at the TiHo. PMID:23497425

2013-01-01

305

Bidding for Contracts in World Bank Financed Projects: Questions and Answers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The World Bank holds numerous seminars and briefings in itsmember countries to discuss business opportunities associated with Bank-financed projects. During these meetings, certain questions frequently arise concerning the Bank's lending activities and pr...

1991-01-01

306

Question Answering from the Web Using Knowledge Annotation and Knowledge Mining Techniques  

E-print Network

Lin and Boris Katz MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory 200 Technology Square a state?" or "How far is it from the pitcher's mound to home plate?" Most of these "factoid" questions can

Lin, Jimmy

307

Do perceptually salient elements in physics problems influence students' eye movements and answer choices?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several reasons have been proposed to explain studentsâ incorrect answers to conceptual physics problems. Heckler proposed with a perceptual basis: plausible and salient âeye catchingâ features in a problem capture studentsâ attention. Once students attend to these perceptually salient features, less salient albeit thematically relevant features are not considered and students answer the problem incorrectly based on the salient features. To test this hypothesis we recorded eye movements of introductory physics students on 15 conceptual problems with diagrams. Each diagram contained areas consistent with documented novice-like answers and other areas consistent with the scientifically correct answer. We manipulated the luminance contrast of the diagrams to produce three versions of each diagram, which differed by the area with the highest level of perceptual salience. We found no effect of the salience on the correctness of studentsâ answers. We also discuss how the salience manipulations influence eye movements.

Madsen, Adrian M.; Rouinfar, Amy; Larson, Adam M.; Loschky, Lester C.; Rebello, N. S.

2013-07-16

308

Key Words in Instruction. Sift and Sort: The Answers Are in the Questions!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing time and guidance to students as they "sift and sort" background information on a potential inquiry topic is important at any level of investigation, from grade school to graduate school. As the inquiring student moves through new information, discusses ideas with teachers and peers and, most of all, has time to reflect on the initial…

Kramer, Kym; Largent, Connie

2005-01-01

309

Answers, Questions, and Deceptions: What Is the Role of Games in Business Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Those who teach in colleges and universities are often faced with large class sizes and a diverse student population. To reach this diverse student population, educators are finding it necessary to incorporate new teaching practices. In this article, the authors examine the use of a television game show, Jeopardy, as a means of enhancing learning. The researchers discovered that games

Jay A. Azriel; Margaret J. Erthal; Ervin Starr

2005-01-01

310

Who Really Answers the Questions? Using Glasser's Quality School Model in an Undergraduate Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors discuss the effectiveness of the Quality School model and active learning in an undergraduate classroom setting. They compare performance levels of students in two course sections of Principles of Macroeconomics and two sections of Managerial Communications. Students are given an opportunity to help shape the structure of the…

Logan, Jennifer; Plumlee, Gerald L.

2012-01-01

311

Questions Students Ask: The Frequencies of Metal Locators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Answers a question about operating frequency of metal locators, discussing signal attenuation due to inverse square law and interaction with conducting media. Compares frequency to conductivity for various media and resultant penetration of media by signal, relating to transmission of extremely low frequency signals for submarine communications by…

Mills, Roger E.

1984-01-01

312

Principles of asking effective questions during student problem solving  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using effective teaching practices is a high priority for educators. One important pedagogical skill for computer science instructors is asking effective questions. This paper presents a set of instructional principles for effective question asking during guided problem solving. We illustrate these principles with results from classifying the questions that untrained human tutors asked while working with students solving an introductory

Kristy Elizabeth Boyer; William Lahti; Robert Phillips; Michael D. Wallis; Mladen A. Vouk; James C. Lester

2010-01-01

313

Petroleum, Convenience, & Automotive Marketing [Student Book and] Answer Book/Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual and answer book/teacher's guide focus on the industry-specific information and skills needed by students who plan to enter, or who may already be receiving, training in a petroleum-related business, such as a full-service gas station, convenience store, or automotive specialty service shop. The student manual contains 16…

Kozek, Ed; Faught, Suzanne G.

314

Student questions in urban middle school science communities of practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines student questions within three Communities of Practice (CoP), all urban middle school science environments. The study analyzed student questions from a sociocultural perspective and used ethnographic research techniques to detail how the CoP's shaped questions in the classroom. In the first study, two case study girls attempted to navigate questioning events that required them to negotiation participation. Their access to participation was blocked by participation frameworks that elevated some students as "gatekeepers" while suppressing the participation of others. The next two studies detail the introduction of written questioning opportunities, one into a public middle school classroom and the other into an informal classroom. In both studies, students responded to the interventions differently, most notable the adoption of the opportunity by female students who do not participate orally. Dissertation-wide findings indicate all students were able to ask questions, but varied in level of cognitive complexity, and the diagnostic interventions were able to identify students who were not known to be "target students", students who asked a high number of questions and were considered "interested in science". Some students' roles were as "gatekeepers" to participation of their peers. Two out of three teachers in the studies reported major shifts in their teaching practice due to the focus on questions and the methods used here have been found to be effective in producing educational research as well as supporting high-need classrooms in prior research. In conclusion, these studies indicate that social factors, including participation frameworks, gender dynamics, and the availability of alternative participation methods, play an important role in how students ask science-related questions. It is recommended that researchers continue to examine social factors that reduce student questions and modify their teaching strategies to facilitate questioning. This data should be shared with teachers and teacher educators to inform them how to increase and use student questions as well as alternate participation methods that strive for "science for all". Future research should focus on how students act as "gatekeepers" for the participation and potential ways to shift underrepresented students into the STEM pipeline.

Groome, Meghan

315

Identification and presentation of student answers to in-class exercises in classroom learning partner  

E-print Network

In this thesis. we present a user interface to be used by teachers in K-12 math and science classrooms. Our system collects answers sent by students for in-class exercises and allows the teacher to browse through these ...

Jó?wiak, Martyna Anna

2011-01-01

316

The answer is in the question: a protocol study of intelligent help  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty advisory interactions between computer system ‘help desk’ consultants and their clients were transcribed and analysed as part of a project to determine the behavioural requirements for intelligent on-line help facilities. An interesting property of these interactions is that the advice was frequently modified in response to verification requests: questions (often syntactically implicit) which contain presuppositional statements that are partial

Amy Aaronson; John M. Carroll

1987-01-01

317

Using computers to answer fundamental questions in combustion theory: an example from droplet combustion  

SciTech Connect

Many fundamental questions in combustion theory are either partially or totally intractable analytically. Thus, it is often desirable to use computed results to supplement information obtained by analytic means. We illustrate how computation can supplement analysis by examining the role of gas-phase unsteadiness in droplet vaporization and combustion. 9 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

Janssen, R.D.; O'Rourke, P.J.

1985-01-01

318

Using Domain Specific Question Answering Technique for Automatic Railways Inquiry on Mobile Phone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today in the world of mobile revolution it is very important to provide information access at anywhere anytime. Accessing information using internet on mobile phones is limited in use due to many restrictions of small devices. Short message service which is easier, faster, reliable and available in all networks can be combined with a powerful method of artificial intelligence: question

Avinash J. Agrawal

2008-01-01

319

FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions is placed into a medical care and/or dependent care reimbursement account and reimbursed to you as you incur Medical Care Reimbursement Account? The minimum deduction is $200 and the maximum deduction is $4

Snider, Barry B.

320

FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions and Answers  

E-print Network

FLEXIBLE MEDICAL CARE AND DEPENDENT CARE REIMBURSMENT ACCOUNTS Frequently Asked Questions is placed into a medical care and/or dependent care reimbursement account and reimbursed to you as you incur Medical Care Reimbursement Account? Effective January 1, 2013, under the Patient Protection and Affordable

Snider, Barry B.

321

Expressing Uncertainty with a Talking Head in a Multimodal Question-Answering System  

E-print Network

Organization of Scientific Research (NWO). The authors like to thank Emiel Krahmer, Marc Swerts and colleagues of animated facial expressions, i.e. only combinations of eyebrow and head movements. In addition, we discuss expression, facial animation, embodied con- versational agents, talking heads, multimodal dialogue, question

Theune, Mariët

322

Court Standards for Terminating Employees Under the ADA: Some Questions and Answers for Managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1990, managers have had to wrestle with the question of what to do when employees become disabled and can no longer perform their jobs as they had before. By law, managers are required to retain such employees if, with reasonable accommodations, they are able to perform their jobs' essential functions.

Lawrence S. Kleiman; David W. Denton

2000-01-01

323

Thalamic Relay or Cortico-Thalamic Processing? Old Question, New Answers Ehud Ahissar and Tess Oram  

E-print Network

in the sensory nuclei of the thalamus? It seems that this question has accompanied cortical and thalamic studies, thalamo-cortical loop, thalamus, whisking control Introduction The thalamus has long been a riddle to neuroscientists. Many researchers of the cerebral cortex view the thalamus as a simple relay station. The origins

Ahissar, Ehud

324

Sedation and anesthesia outside the operating room: Answers to common questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, practitioners have recognized the importance of providing comfort to children and have increased their use of analgesics and anxiolytics during painful medical procedures. In this article, the author reviews commonly asked questions regarding administering sedation to children for painful procedures outside the operating room. Current safety guidelines are reviewed, as well as qualifications of personnel performing sedations,

RS Litman

1999-01-01

325

"Don't Know" Responding to Answerable and Unanswerable Questions during Misleading and Hypnotic Interviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Don't know" (DK) responses to interview questions are conceptually heterogeneous, and may represent uncertainty or clear statements about the contents of memory. A study examined the subjective intent of DK responses in relation to the objective status of information queried, in the context of memory distorting procedures. Participants viewed a…

Scoboria, Alan; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Kirsch, Irving

2008-01-01

326

Meta-Knowledge Annotation for Efficient Natural-Language Question-Answering  

E-print Network

a tight integration of natural language processing (NLP), information retrieval (IR) and information question Q, generate a natural-language representation nlp(Q) 2. From nlp(Q), generate an information-retrieval query ir(nlp(Q)) #12;3. Use ir(nlp(Q)) to retrieve D documents from an authoritative text archive 4

Veale, Tony

327

Page 1 of 5 Be sure to ANSWER EVERY QUESTION Printed on TWO SIDES Name_____________________________________  

E-print Network

of 6 breaths per minute in a healthy horse right after galloping c. Capillary refill time of 4 seconds) or F (false) on the line before the question. (2 points each) 11. _____ Mares have 4 canine teeth, _______________, _______________, _______________ 2. What two minerals are needed for the formation of bones and teeth

New Hampshire, University of

328

The Answer To Getting Better Test Data: Ask the Right Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on weighing the options to find the right technology-based assessment tool in schools and discusses questions to ask: "Do our state tests meet our needs?"; "What type of data is of most value?"; "How do today's assessment choices compare?"; "How important is support?"; and "Which criteria are most important in choosing the right test?"…

Olson, Allan

2003-01-01

329

Answering the Questions of Rape Prevention Research: A Response to Tharp et al. (2011)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rape prevention programmers and researchers have long struggled to select the most appropriate theoretical models to frame their work. Questions abound regarding appropriate standards of evidence for success of program interventions. The present article provides an alternative point of view to the one put forward by seven staff members from the…

Foubert, John D.

2011-01-01

330

Solutions to Infertility: Even the Simplest Medical Answer Raises Troubling Ethical Questions for Catholics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the ethical issues surrounding the "simplest" case of in vitro fertilization from the author's interpretation of a Catholic perspective. Discusses serious moral objections to in vitro fertilization voiced by the Vatican, and presents theological reasons why Catholics should question in vitro fertilization. (Author/NB)

Boyle, Philip

1989-01-01

331

The Answer Depends on the Question: A Reply to Eric Jensen  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question that Eric Jensen addresses in his article is whether brain research can provide a basis for educational practice. He debates John Bruer, president of the James S. McDonnell Foundation, and argues that brain research can, in fact, provide a basis for what educators do. Most of Jensen's article is devoted to showing ways in which brain…

Sternberg, Robert J.

2008-01-01

332

Answers G53KRR 2013-2014 BOOKWORK VS PROBLEM SOLVING: questions are problem solving un-  

E-print Network

)] from C5, C3, x2/x1, x/x1 C7 [P(a))] from C6, C1, x1/f(a) C8 [ ] from C6, C7, x1/a Another proof (the one I came up with first for the model answers) C5 [P(f(a)), R(a, f(a))] from C1, C3, x1/a C6 [P(f(a)), ¬Q(f(a)] from C5, C4, x2/a, y2/f(a) C7 [P(f(a))] from C6, C2, x/a C8 [R(f(a), f(f(a)))] from C7, C3

Alechina, Natasha

333

Frequently Asked Questions What is Student Affairs?  

E-print Network

in learning more about staying fit and getting involved in recreational sports. What group fitness classes to personal training sessions. For the more adventurous 404.385.PLAY. How can students get involved in the arts at Tech? Yes

Li, Mo

334

8/20/09 9:32 AMResearchers Show Why Peer Discussion Improves Student Performance on 'Clicker' Questions // Current Page 1 of 7http://current.com/items/89676493_researchers-show-why-peer-discussion-improves-student-performance-on-clicker-questions.htm  

E-print Network

Comedy Researchers Show Why Peer Discussion Improves Student Performance on 'Clicker' Questions http://www.physorg.com/news-peer-discussion-improves-student-performance-on-clicker-questions.htm login | register |home tv shows schedule uploads viewer ads groups search News Movies Music Green Tech, much better than the 50 percent of individual correct answers on the first question. 1. 2. groups: News

Su, Tin Tin

335

Can Simply Answering Research Questions Change Behaviour? Systematic Review and Meta Analyses of Brief Alcohol Intervention Trials  

PubMed Central

Background Participant reports of their own behaviour are critical for the provision and evaluation of behavioural interventions. Recent developments in brief alcohol intervention trials provide an opportunity to evaluate longstanding concerns that answering questions on behaviour as part of research assessments may inadvertently influence it and produce bias. The study objective was to evaluate the size and nature of effects observed in randomized manipulations of the effects of answering questions on drinking behaviour in brief intervention trials. Methodology/Principal Findings Multiple methods were used to identify primary studies. Between-group differences in total weekly alcohol consumption, quantity per drinking day and AUDIT scores were evaluated in random effects meta-analyses. Ten trials were included in this review, of which two did not provide findings for quantitative study, in which three outcomes were evaluated. Between-group differences were of the magnitude of 13.7 (?0.17 to 27.6) grams of alcohol per week (approximately 1.5 U.K. units or 1 standard U.S. drink) and 1 point (0.1 to 1.9) in AUDIT score. There was no difference in quantity per drinking day. Conclusions/Significance Answering questions on drinking in brief intervention trials appears to alter subsequent self-reported behaviour. This potentially generates bias by exposing non-intervention control groups to an integral component of the intervention. The effects of brief alcohol interventions may thus have been consistently under-estimated. These findings are relevant to evaluations of any interventions to alter behaviours which involve participant self-report. PMID:21998626

McCambridge, Jim; Kypri, Kypros

2011-01-01

336

Does the Answer Order Matter on Multiple-Choice Exams?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surprising version-dependent differences are noted in student performance on certain questions in a standardized general chemistry exam. The exam in question has two versions, on which both questions and answers are ordered differently. For the questions suspected of answer-order bias, the performance is better in ten of twelve cases when students

Tellinghuisen, Joel; Sulikowski, Michelle M.

2008-01-01

337

Student Engagement Research in Higher Education: Questioning an Academic Orthodoxy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that student engagement research is not often investigated critically. It attempts to change this. After briefly outlining a conceptual framework for student engagement, it explores three critical questions about it. First, it asks whether in trying to be all things in teaching and learning, student engagement focuses too…

Zepke, Nick

2014-01-01

338

Why the Changing American Economy Calls for Twenty-First Century Learning: Answers to Educators' Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As American educators struggle to meet the unprecedented challenge of preparing all students to master the skills embodied in state learning standards, some wonder whether their efforts make economic sense. After all, the newspapers are full of reports of jobs being outsourced to lower-wage countries and jobs being done by computers. If more and…

Levy, Frank; Murnane, Richard J.

2006-01-01

339

H1N1 Flu & U.S. Schools: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A severe form of influenza known as H1N1, commonly being called swine flu, has health officials around the world concerned. In the United States, the outbreak of H1N1 has prompted school closures and cancellation of school-related events. As the flu spreads, the Department of Education encourages school leaders, parents and students to know how to…

US Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

340

Questions and Answers What is meningococcal disease? How do you get it?  

E-print Network

to bright lights, joint and muscle pains and a rash. People need to be alert to the signs of meningococcal it can look like other illnesses. It can be treated with antibiotics but early treatment is very their GP. These vaccines are recommended for some groups, for example students living in hostel

Hickman, Mark

341

Part 1(50%) Instructions: Read the following passage and answer the questions as directed.  

E-print Network

; its students party animals), higher education is a major societal player. The borders between.questionsas directed. Once again, the Irish offer Swift a version of the dilemma of all humans, whose cruelty to one another, though awful, is as nothing compared with the cruelty of being human. Their sufferings seem

Huang, Haimei

342

Questions and answers about the effects of the depletion of the ozone layer on humans and the environment.  

PubMed

The ozone molecule contains three atoms of oxygen and is mainly formed by the action of the ultraviolet rays of the sun on the diatomic oxygen molecules in the upper part of the Earth's atmosphere (called the stratosphere). Atmospheric pollution near the Earth's surface can form localized areas of ozone. The stratospheric ozone layer protects life on Earth by absorbing most of the harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun. In the mid 1970s it was discovered that some manmade products destroy ozone molecules in the stratosphere. This destruction can result in damage to ecosystems and to materials such as plastics. It may cause an increase in human diseases such as skin cancers and cataracts. The discovery of the role of the synthetic ozone-depleting chemicals such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) stimulated increased research and monitoring in this field. Computer models predicted a disaster if no action was taken to protect the ozone layer. Based on this research and monitoring, the nations of the world took action in 1985 with the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer followed by the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987. The Convention and Protocol were amended and adjusted several times as new knowledge was obtained. The Meetings of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol appointed three Assessment Panels to review the progress in scientific knowledge on their behalf. These panels are the Scientific Assessment Panel, the Technological and Economic Assessment Panel and the Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. Each panel covers a designated area and there is a natural level of overlap. The main reports of the Panels are published every four years as required by the Meeting of the Parties. All the reports have an executive summary that is distributed more widely than the main report itself. It became customary to add a set of questions and answers--mainly for non-expert readers--to the executive summaries. This document contains the questions and answers prepared by experts who comprise the Environmental Assessment Panel. It is based mainly on the 2006 report of the Panel but also contains information from previous assessments. Readers who need detailed information on any question should consult the full reports for a more complete scientific discussion. This set of questions refers mainly to the environmental effects of ozone depletion and climate change. The report of the Scientific Assessment Panel contains questions and answers related to the other scientific issues addressed by that Panel. All these reports can be found on the UNEP website (http://ozone.unep.org). PMID:17344966

Aucamp, Pieter J

2007-03-01

343

Designing P. E. piping systems: old questions and new answers. [Polyethylene  

SciTech Connect

Designers of polyethylene gas distribution systems now have available a procedure based on rate-process theory for predicting the load service life of the system. Recently proposed and validated by researchers from E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., the method resolves many of the questions left unanswered by the ASTM 2837 standard procedure. It predicts the behavior of the entire system (pipe, fittings, and joints) rather than just the pipe, the silt-rupture life as well as the ductile-rupture life, and the incidence in time of a 5% failure rate rather than a 50% rate.

Hale, D.

1982-05-01

344

Treatment of burns in the first 24 hours: simple and practical guide by answering 10 questions in a step-by-step form  

PubMed Central

Residents in training, medical students and other staff in surgical sector, emergency room (ER) and intensive care unit (ICU) or Burn Unit face a multitude of questions regarding burn care. Treatment of burns is not always straightforward. Furthermore, National and International guidelines differ from one region to another. On one hand, it is important to understand pathophysiology, classification of burns, surgical treatment, and the latest updates in burn science. On the other hand, the clinical situation for treating these cases needs clear guidelines to cover every single aspect during the treatment procedure. Thus, 10 questions have been organised and discussed in a step-by-step form in order to achieve the excellence of education and the optimal treatment of burn injuries in the first 24 hours. These 10 questions will clearly discuss referral criteria to the burn unit, primary and secondary survey, estimation of the total burned surface area (%TBSA) and the degree of burns as well as resuscitation process, routine interventions, laboratory tests, indications of Bronchoscopy and special considerations for Inhalation trauma, immediate consultations and referrals, emergency surgery and admission orders. Understanding and answering the 10 questions will not only cover the management process of Burns during the first 24 hours but also seems to be an interactive clear guide for education purpose. PMID:22583548

2012-01-01

345

Hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults: questions and answers.  

PubMed

The association between hearing impairment, the diagnosis of dementia, and the role of sensory therapy has been proposed for some time, but further research is needed. Current understanding of this association requires the commitment of those experts who can integrate experience and research from several fields to be able to understand the link from hearing to dementia. A workshop whose panelists included experts from many areas, ranging from ear, nose and throat (ENT) to dementia's specialists, was promoted and organized by the Giovanni Lorenzini Medical Science Foundation (Milan, Italy; Houston, TX, USA) to increase the awareness of the relationship between hearing loss and dementia, and included questions and comments following a presentation from the clinical researcher, Frank Lin, who has been evaluating the relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline since 2009. PMID:25281432

Bernabei, Roberto; Bonuccelli, Ubaldo; Maggi, Stefania; Marengoni, Alessandra; Martini, Alessandro; Memo, Maurizio; Pecorelli, Sergio; Peracino, Andrea P; Quaranta, Nicola; Stella, Roberto; Lin, Frank R

2014-12-01

346

Health care reform, 2014: no matter what the question, mission is the answer.  

PubMed

In this column, the president of the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association (CFHA) addresses the lack of understanding and agreement to the question What is health care reform? It is a daunting task to understand, let alone redesign, the most expensive (but not most effective or most efficient) health care system in the world. In this critical window of opportunity, influencing positive movement through leadership, communication, and teamwork is a strategic priority of the CFHA and its journal, Family Systems & Health. The emphases on comprehensive, coordinated, and cost-effective care, although novel concepts for many, have been core features of CFHA's philosophy for almost two decades (see CFHA's mission statement). As we mark the halfway point in this pivotal year in health care reform, we continue to struggle. CFHA can help illuminate the path of what health care reform can be and what it can do for each citizen in our communities. PMID:24955698

Khatri, Parinda

2014-06-01

347

New answers to old questions from genome-wide maps of DNA methylation in hematopoietic cells.  

PubMed

DNA methylation is a well-studied epigenetic modification essential for efficient cellular differentiation. Aberrant DNA methylation patterns are a characteristic feature of cancer, including myeloid malignancies such as acute myeloid leukemia. Recurrent mutations in DNA-modifying enzymes were identified in acute myeloid leukemia and linked to distinct DNA methylation signatures. In addition, discovery of Tet enzymes provided new mechanisms for the reversal of DNA methylation. Advances in base-resolution profiling of DNA methylation have enabled a more comprehensive understanding of the methylome landscape in the genome. This review will summarize and discuss the key questions in the function of DNA methylation in the hematopoietic system, including where and how DNA methylation regulates diverse biological processes in the genome as elucidated by recent studies. PMID:24993071

Jeong, Mira; Goodell, Margaret A

2014-08-01

348

26 CFR 1.1(i)-1T - Questions and answers relating to the tax on unearned income certain minor children (Temporary).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Questions and answers relating to the tax on unearned income certain minor children (Temporary). 1.1(i...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes §...

2010-04-01

349

CS21 Lab 10 Worksheet, Swarthmore College, Fall 2011 Print this out and write your answers on the printout. There are questions on both sides. This  

E-print Network

CS21 Lab 10 Worksheet, Swarthmore College, Fall 2011 Name: Print this out and write your answers on the printout. There are questions on both sides. This worksheet is due Wednesday, November 16 in class. 1

Newhall, Tia

350

Marketing in the Drugstore. [Student's Manual.] Answer Book/Teacher's Guide. Marketing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student's manual and answer book/teacher's guide focus on the industry-specific information and skills needed by students who plan to enter, or who may already be receiving, drugstore-related training. They are companion publications to "Working in Pharmacies," which offers a more indepth look at the duties and responsibilities of the…

Walton, Shawn

351

Marketing in Financial Institutions [Student Book and] Answer Book/Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual and answer book/teacher's guide focus on the industry-specific information and skills needed by students who plan to enter, or who may already be receiving, training in a financial institution, such as commercial banks, savings and loans, and credit unions, as well as pawn shops, credit departments of retail stores, and other…

Bybee, Sandra; And Others

352

Effect of Answer Format and Review Method on College Students' Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive instructional methods are characterized by engaging students with the course material and involve delivering feedback for their efforts. Using a mixed 2 x 2 factorial experiment, we compared the effects of multiple choice answer formats (word versus letter) and methods (automated versus manual) on 70 undergraduate students' acquisition…

Desrochers, Marcie N.; Shelnutt, Jane M.

2012-01-01

353

Supermarket Special Departments. [Student Manual] and Answer Book/Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document on food marketing for supermarket special departments contains both a student's manual and an answer book/teacher's guide. The student's manual contains the following 11 assignments: (1) supermarkets of today; (2) merchandising; (3) pharmacy and cosmetics department; (4) housewares and home hardware; (5) video/camera/electronics…

Gaskill, Melissa Lynn; Summerall, Mary

354

Overwintering of herbaceous plants in a changing climate. Still more questions than answers.  

PubMed

The increase in surface temperature of the Earth indicates a lower risk of exposure for temperate grassland and crop to extremely low temperatures. However, the risk of low winter survival rate, especially in higher latitudes may not be smaller, due to complex interactions among different environmental factors. For example, the frequency, degree and length of extreme winter warming events, leading to snowmelt during winter increased, affecting the risks of anoxia, ice encasement and freezing of plants not covered with snow. Future climate projections suggest that cold acclimation will occur later in autumn, under shorter photoperiod and lower light intensity, which may affect the energy partitioning between the elongation growth, accumulation of organic reserves and cold acclimation. Rising CO2 levels may also disturb the cold acclimation process. Predicting problems with winter pathogens is also very complex, because climate change may greatly influence the pathogen population and because the plant resistance to these pathogens is increased by cold acclimation. All these factors, often with contradictory effects on winter survival, make plant overwintering viability under future climates an open question. Close cooperation between climatologists, ecologists, plant physiologists, geneticists and plant breeders is strongly required to predict and prevent possible problems. PMID:25017157

Rapacz, Marcin; Ergon, Ashild; Höglind, Mats; Jørgensen, Marit; Jurczyk, Barbara; Ostrem, Liv; Rognli, Odd Arne; Tronsmo, Anne Marte

2014-08-01

355

Return to competitive football after major knee surgery: more questions than answers?  

PubMed

Despite significant advances in the diagnostics and treatment of knee injuries over the last decade, several challenges related to the subject "return to sport" remain largely unknown. For example, how should "return to sport" be defined precisely? What is the optimal timing and progression to enable a return to sport? Which criteria should be used during this process? What type of training is indicated? Which measurements can support the decision-making process? How do we optimally prepare athletes for competition without risking re-injury? This paper critically addresses these questions, and proposes a return to play model to prepare football players to compete after major knee surgery (anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, cartilage repair). The goal is to re-integrate the player gradually into the game, taking into account his individual characteristics. Several evidence-based and empirical criteria are needed to plan and monitor the efficient return to competitive football. Injury-prevention education should be part of this process to maximise the chance of a durable career and decrease the risk of re-injury. However, because of the paucity of research on "return to sport", further research is more than warranted. PMID:24783969

Bizzini, Mario; Silvers, Holly Jacinda

2014-01-01

356

The nucleation of vortices in superfluid [sup 4]He: Answers and questions  

SciTech Connect

The velocity threshold for phase slips, v[sub c], has been measured in ultra-pure [sup 4]He and ultra-dilute [sup 3]He-[sup 4]He mixtures, down to a temperature of 15 mK. These experiments have revealed a crossover from a temperature-dependent regime above [approximately]150 mK to a plateau of v[sub c] below in ultra-pure [sup 4]He. Concentrations of [sup 3]He impurities as low as a few parts in 10[sup [minus]9] greatly affect the plateau regime, causing v[sub c] to decrease markedly at low temperature. These observations are interpreted in the framework of the nucleation, either thermally activated or by quantum tunnelling, of vortices in the appropriate shape of half-rings. These vortices form on wall asperities at local velocities u[sub s] estimated to be [approximately]22 m/s in these experiments. The half-ring model is shown to yield a critical velocity of the same magnitude but leaves many basic questions unanswered.

Avenel, O.; Ihas G.G. (Centre d'Etudes de Saclay (France)); Varoquaux, E. (Universite Paris-Sud, Orsay (France))

1993-12-01

357

Feminist bioethics: toward developing a "feminist" answer to the surrogate motherhood question.  

PubMed

Although a wide variety of feminist approaches to bioethics presently share a common feminist methodology (sometimes referred to as "raising the woman question"), they do not all share the same feminist politics, ontology, epistemology, and ethics. As a result of their philosophical differences, feminist bioethicists do not always agree on which biomedical principles, practices, and policies are best suited to serving women's interests. In other words, some feminist bioethicists insist that so-called "assisted reproduction" enhances women's procreative liberty, while others claim that it does nothing of the sort. Although such disagreement among feminist bioethicists reassures the general public that the feminist "program" for bioethics is not ideologically monolithic, it also confuses the public, especially women. In order to overcome this confusion, feminist bioethicists should work toward developing the kind of shared theoretical base that will foster frequent consensus on the biomedical principles, practices, and policies most likely to serve the interests of most women in the U.S. today. PMID:11645320

Tong, Rosemarie

1996-03-01

358

The evolution of centipede venom claws - open questions and possible answers.  

PubMed

The maxilliped venom claw is an intriguing structure in centipedes. We address open questions concerning this structure. The maxillipeds of fossil centipedes from the Carboniferous (about 300 million years old) have been described, but not been depicted previously. Re-investigation demonstrates that they resemble their modern counterparts. A Jurassic geophilomorph centipede (about 150 million years old) was originally described as possessing a rather leg-like maxilliped. Our re-investigation shows that the maxilliped is, in fact, highly specialized as in modern Geophilomorpha. A scenario for the evolution of the centipede maxilliped is presented. It supports one of the two supposed hypotheses of centipede phylogeny, the Pleurostigmophora hypothesis. Although this hypothesis appears now well established, many aspects of character evolution resulting from this phylogeny remain to be told in detail. One such aspect is the special joint of the maxilliped in some species of Cryptops. Cryptops is an in-group of Scolopendromorpha, but its maxilliped joint can resemble that of Lithobiomorpha or even possess a mixture of characters between the both. Detailed investigation of fossils, larger sample sizes of extant species, and developmental data will be necessary to allow further improvements of the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of centipedes. PMID:24211515

Haug, Joachim T; Haug, Carolin; Schweigert, Günter; Sombke, Andy

2014-01-01

359

Birt-hogg-dubé syndrome: answering questions raised by a case report published in 1962.  

PubMed

In 1962, J.J. Collins from the United States Naval Medical Research Laboratory published an unusual case of air embolism precipitated by decompression in The New England Journal of Medicine [1962;266:595-598]. The case was unusual because it was the first where multiple pulmonary cysts were discovered after a successful recompression treatment. Although various hypotheses were put forward by the author, it was thought that the diver might have had 'subclinical cysts' already present because of some disease phenomenon, which then became overinflated during decompression. Nearly 50 years have passed since these questions were raised. Interestingly, now the disease process is trying to unveil itself through various other clues. We present the case of the same diver who later developed a series of other medical problems, along with more than 5 admissions for spontaneous pneumothoraces, all falling into the constellation represented by the Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome. Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition clinically characterized by skin fibrofolliculomas, pulmonary cysts, spontaneous pneumothorax, and renal cancer. It was first described in 1977 by Birt, Hogg and Dubé in a family with 'hereditary multiple fibrofolliculomas with trichodiscomas and acrochordons'. Spontaneous pneumothorax can be the first manifestation of this hereditary condition, and prevention in patients diagnosed with the syndrome is aimed at early diagnosis and treatment of the renal cell carcinoma. Physicians need to have a high index of suspicion when they see patients with the constellation of findings of this underdiagnosed syndrome, especially in patients with unexplained spontaneous pneumothoraces. PMID:21829400

Kasi, Pashtoon Murtaza; Dearmond, Daniel T

2011-05-01

360

The Phenomenon of Questioning as Perceived by Visual Arts Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of questioning and its relationship to researching, problem solving, and experimentation are central to visual arts education policy in Queensland, Australia. Students are introduced to the world of visual arts within the context of the late 20th century, diversity, and postmodernism. This challenges students as it demands awareness…

Seidel, Julie

361

Accounting for variability in student responses to motion questions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We describe the results of an experiment conducted to test predictions about student responses to questions about motion based on an explicit model of student thinking in terms of the cuing of a variety of different physical intuitions or conceptual resources. This particular model allows us to account for observed variations in patterns of student responses in a way that positing the existence of fixed student conceptions about motion does not. As a result of the experiment, we suggest refinements of our model in order to better account for additional features of the student responses.

Frank, Brian W.; Kanim, Stephen E.; Gomez, Luanna S.

2010-03-11

362

Field-Based Teacher Research: How Teachers and Scientists Working Together Answers Questions about Turtle Nesting Ecology while Enhancing Teachers' Inquiry Skills  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Providing rigorous academic supplement to a professional development program for teachers, QUEST is a fusion of Drexel University's environmental science research department with Princeton University's Program in Teacher Preparation. Completed in the summers of 2012 (in partnership with Earthwatch) and 2013 in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, QUEST's terrapin field research program enhances K-12 teachers' ecological knowledge, develops inquiry-based thinking in the classroom, and builds citizen science engagement. With a focus on quality question development and data analysis to answer questions, teachers are coached in developing, implementing, and presenting independent research projects on diamondback terrapin nesting ecology. As a result, teachers participating in QUEST's week long program bring a realistic example of science in action into their classrooms, helping to develop their own students' critical thinking skills. For teachers, this program provides training towards educating students on how to do real and imaginative science - subsequently sending students to university better prepared to engage in their own independent research. An essential component of the collaboration through QUEST, in addition to the teacher's experience during and after the summer institute, is the research data collected which supplements that of the Principal Investigator. In 2012, by documenting terrapin nest site predators, teachers gained valuable scientific experience, while Drexel acquired important ecological data which would have not been able to be collected otherwise. In 2013, teachers helped answer important questions about terrapin nesting success post Superstorm Sandy. In fact, the 2013 QUEST teachers are the first to visualize the frighteningly increased erosion of a primary terrapin nesting site due to Sandy; showing how most terrapin nests now lie in the bay, instead of safe on shore. Teachers comment that interacting with scientists in the field, and contributing to the research was 'an invaluable experience.' Conceptual models of QUEST's philosophy will be distributed at our presentation to encourage audience members interested in starting their own field-based educator professional development project. Through our presentation of this unique program, we will share how we have successfully incorporated real scientific research into classrooms through teachers' experiences, and discuss the lessons learned regarding replication and sustainability of educator-scientist collaborations.

Winters, J. M.; Jungblut, D.; Catena, A. N.; Rubenstein, D. I.

2013-12-01

363

Providing Real-Time Captioning, C-Print Speech To Print Transcription, Assistive Listening Devices and Other Technologies: Questions and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides questions and answers for postsecondary educational institutions concerning provision of access and accommodations to individuals who are deaf and hard of hearing. Questions are about assistive listening devices (ALDs), C-Print technology, real-time captioning, and policy issues. Preliminary information concerns the mission…

Davis, Cheryl; Francis, Pamela; Harlan, Denese

364

XMRV: Questions and Answers  

Cancer.gov

Retroviruses are found in a wide range of mammals, and may contribute to the development of cancers, such as leukemia or lymphoma, and neurological diseases. The first of two human retroviruses identified, HTLV-1 has been found to cause adult T cell leukemia and HTLV-II is not associated with any disease. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, is a different type of retrovirus.

365

One Question, Two Answers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the major policy challenges facing governments today are in some sense collective problems calling for joint solutions. However, even when effective solutions can be developed and implemented only through joint efforts, voluntary cooperation can be hard to establish and maintain, making it all the more impor- tant to understand the conditions for success and the causes of failure.

Arild Underdal

366

Sepsis Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevent infections that could lead to sepsis through promotion of vaccination for diseases like pneumococcus and meningitis, smoking cessation programs to prevent community-acquired pneumonia, and strategies to prevent healthcare-associated infections. Recently, CDC has ...

367

Pneumococcus: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... influenza, why isn’t pneumococcal vaccine also recommended? Influenza virus is easily spread from healthcare personnel to their patients, and infection usually leads to clinical illness. Pneumococcus is ... is influenza, and transmission of pneumococcus does not necessarily lead ...

368

Seasonal Influenza Questions & Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... PCR and Other Molecular Assays for Diagnosis of Influenza Virus Infection Clinical Signs and Symptoms of Influenza International ... Assessment and Biosafety Level Recommendations Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus H5N1 In Birds and Other Animals H5N1 In ...

369

Rabies: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... of northern and southern continental Europe (e.g., Greece, Portugal, Sweden, Norway) and Latin America (e.g., ... dogs, cats, ferrets) and live- stock (sheep, cattle, horses) against rabies. Don't let your pets wander ...

370

Tetanus: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

Immunization Action Coalition • St. Paul, MN 55104 • (651) 647-9009 • www.vaccineinformation.org • www.immunize.org www.immunize.org/catg.d/p4220.pdf • Item #P4220 (7/13) ... a person develops Immunization Action Coalition • St. Paul, MN 55104 • (651) 647-9009 • www.vaccineinformation.org • www. ...

371

Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... celebration of our 40th anniversary. The Rare Epilepsy Network Registry (REN) will be opening for enrollment in about a month. Find a walk near you to help us Step Forward to Cure Tuberous Sclerosis Complex. Clinicians: Complete a new online CME activity featuring ...

372

Drawing on Questions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines observations and research on question-answer interaction between client and therapist, and teacher and student. Discusses Patton's six-question instrument which provides categories of question options, with application for the art therapist. Argues that effective formulation of questions provides the clinician, educator, and researcher…

Bloomgarden, Joan

2000-01-01

373

What is the Right Answer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this resource is to introduce students to the concept that sometimes there is no one "right" answer to a question or measurement. Students learn to be careful when searching for a right answer to questions such as 'What time is it?' by comparing multiple measurements of the time of day. Students gain an intuitive understanding of the characteristics of imperfect measurements. Using different clocks, students simultaneously record the displayed times. The resulting time measurements are converted from minutes and seconds to seconds. These measurements are plotted to illustrate the mathematical techniques of averages and deviations from an average.

The GLOBE Program, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)

2003-08-01

374

Basic Visual Merchandising. Second Edition. [Student's Manual and] Answer Book/Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student's manual that features content needed to do tasks related to visual merchandising is intended for students in co-op training stations and entry-level, master employee, and supervisory-level employees. It contains 13 assignments. Each assignment has questions covering specific information and also features activities in which students

Luter, Robert R.

375

A participatory learning approach to biochemistry using student authored and evaluated multiple-choice questions.  

PubMed

A participatory learning approach, combined with both a traditional and a competitive assessment, was used to motivate students and promote a deep approach to learning biochemistry. Students were challenged to research, author, and explain their own multiple-choice questions (MCQs). They were also required to answer, evaluate, and discuss MCQs written by their peers. The technology used to support this activity was PeerWise--a freely available, innovative web-based system that supports students in the creation of an annotated question repository. In this case study, we describe students' contributions to, and perceptions of, the PeerWise system for a cohort of 107 second-year biomedical science students from three degree streams studying a core biochemistry subject. Our study suggests that the students are eager participants and produce a large repository of relevant, good quality MCQs. In addition, they rate the PeerWise system highly and use higher order thinking skills while taking an active role in their learning. We also discuss potential issues and future work using PeerWise for biomedical students. PMID:21948507

Bottomley, Steven; Denny, Paul

2011-01-01

376

26 CFR 1.512(a)-5T - Questions and answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of organizations... INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxation of Business Income of Certain Exempt Organizations...answers relating to the unrelated business taxable income of...

2010-04-01

377

La Frontera: Student Achievement in Texas Border and Nonborder Districts. Issues & Answers. REL 2007-No. 027  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contrasts the characteristics of border and nonborder districts in Texas from both a demographic and student achievement standpoint. The information in this report should also inform and strengthen border initiatives, such as those emphasized at the 2006 U.S.-Mexico Border Governors Conference. The study sought to answer three…

Sloat, Edward F.; Makkonen, Reino; Koehler, Paul

2007-01-01

378

Your answers to the following questions will help us to understand your medical history and the concerns you'd like to discuss with your doctor. Please fill out as much of this questionnaire as possible. If you cannot answer  

E-print Network

Your answers to the following questions will help us to understand your medical history: ________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Average home sugar readings: Yes No Yes No Yes No Not testing: _________ Fasting: _________ 2-hours after of the following symptoms: Vision Problems Numbness/Tingling Chest Pain Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea Low Blood Sugar

Borenstein, Elhanan

379

Student performance on conceptual questions: Does instruction matter?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of the tutorial component of introductory calculus-based physics at the University of Washington, students take weekly pretests that consist of conceptual questions. Pretests are so named because they precede each tutorial, but they are frequently administered after lecture instruction. Many variables associated with class composition and prior instruction (if any) could, in principle, affect student performance on these questions. Nonetheless, the results are often found to be "essentially the same" in all classes. With data available from a large number of classes, it is possible to characterize the typical variation quantitatively. In this paper three questions for which we have accumulated thousands of responses, from dozens of classes representing different conditions with respect to the textbook in use, the amount of prior instruction, etc., serve as examples. For each question, we examine the variation in student performance across all classes. We also compare subsets categorized according to the amount of relevant prior instruction each class had received. A preliminary analysis suggests that the variation in performance is essentially random. No statistically significant difference is observed between results obtained before relevant instruction begins and after it has been completed. The results provide evidence that exposure to concepts in lecture and textbook is not sufficient to ensure an improvement in performance on questions that require qualitative reasoning.

Heron, Paula R. L.

2013-01-01

380

The Idea of America: Four Questions for Student Artists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While artists and academics have produced a wide range of work trying to understand national and individual identity, very little has been written about the experiences of student artists as they work to make sense of their particular political, social, and artistic identities and put them to work in the world. This article takes up that question,…

Olson, Christa; Reichard, William

2006-01-01

381

You must answer all questions. For full credit, an answer must be both correct and well-presented (clear and concise).  

E-print Network

opaque, but light bounces around in the trees) giving a very special quality to the light in the forest, or have seen all possible research on the topic. Question 1: The Fall Forest (3 sub-questions) Imagine a Wisconsin forest in the autumn at the height of the "fall colors." The leaves have changed to the wonderful

Liblit, Ben

382

The case for multimodal analysis of atypical interaction: questions, answers and gaze in play involving a child with autism.  

PubMed

Conversation analysis (CA) continues to accrue interest within clinical linguistics as a methodology that can enable elucidation of structural and sequential orderliness in interactions involving participants who produce ostensibly disordered communication behaviours. However, it can be challenging to apply CA to re-examine clinical phenomena that have initially been defined in terms of linguistics, as a logical starting point for analysis may be to focus primarily on the organisation of language ("talk") in such interactions. In this article, we argue that CA's methodological power can only be fully exploited in this research context when a multimodal analytic orientation is adopted, where due consideration is given to participants' co-ordinated use of multiple semiotic resources including, but not limited to, talk (e.g., gaze, embodied action, object use and so forth). To evidence this argument, a two-layered analysis of unusual question-answer sequences in a play episode involving a child with autism is presented. It is thereby demonstrated that only when the scope of enquiry is broadened to include gaze and other embodied action can an account be generated of orderliness within these sequences. This finding has important implications for CA's application as a research methodology within clinical linguistics. PMID:24067142

Muskett, Tom; Body, Richard

2013-01-01

383

Data Mining Student Answers with Moodle to Investigate Learning Pathways in an Introductory Geohazards Course  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The recent growth of online learning in higher education is primarily motivated by a desire to (a) increase the availability of learning experiences for learners who cannot, or choose not, to attend traditional face-to-face offerings, (b) assemble and disseminate instructional content more cost-efficiently, or (c) enable instructors to handle more students while maintaining a learning outcome quality that is equivalent to that of comparable face-to-face instruction. However, a less recognized incentive is that online learning also provides an opportunity for data mining, or efficient discovery of non-obvious valuable patterns from a large collection of data, that can be used to investigate learning pathways as opposed to focusing solely on assessing student outcomes. Course management systems that enable online courses provide a means to collect a vast amount of information to analyze students' behavior and the learning process in general. One of the most commonly used is Moodle (modular object-oriented developmental learning environment), a free learning management system that enables creation of powerful, flexible, and engaging online courses and experiences. In order to examine student learning pathways, the online learning modules we are constructing take advantage of Moodle capabilities to provide immediate formative feedback, verifying answers as correct or incorrect and elaborating on knowledge components to guide students towards the correct answer. By permitting multiple attempts in which credit is diminished for each incorrect answer, we provide opportunities to use data mining strategies to assess thousands of students' actions for evidence of problem solving strategies and mastery of concepts. We will show preliminary results from application of this approach to a ~90 student introductory geohazard course that is migrating toward online instruction. We hope more continuous assessment of students' performances will help generate cognitive models that can inform instructional redesign, improve overall efficiency of student learning, and, potentially, be used to create an intelligent tutoring system.

Sit, S. M.; Brudzinski, M. R.; Colella, H. V.

2012-12-01

384

Instrumental Music Program Philosophy Welcome to the Sequoyah High School Instrumental Music Program and the Sequoyah High School Musical Arts Booster Club (SHSMABC). The following information is presented to you as a parent, guardian and\\/or student as an introduction to our program and to aid you in answering most questions from the beginning of your association with the instrumental  

Microsoft Academic Search

The director, staff and students at SHS believe that instrumental music is an integral and rewarding activity for all students who are dedicated to developing musical, social and leadership skills through the participation in the SHS Instrumental Music Program. The Music Program is open and available to all students and does not discriminate on the basis of race, religion or

David E. Harrison

385

The Citizen Bee Guide to American Studies [with] Student Answer Key. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for students, this survey of American history, culture, government, economics, and geography tests their knowledge in these areas through a variety of questions. The questions are organized into 12 subtopics divided among 4 major categories: 5 topics under History, 5 under Government, 1 under Economics, and 1 under Geography. The topic…

Close Up Foundation, Arlington, VA.

386

Prism : an answer projection system  

E-print Network

Prism is an answer projection system that combines the best attributes of traditional and Web-based question answering systems. Traditional question answering systems retrieve answers with pinpoint accuracy but limited ...

Wu, Lynn, 1981-

2003-01-01

387

The effects on interest, instruction, and achievement on the science question level of middle school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of instruction in writing researchable questions, science topic interest, and achievement (science, reading, and mathematics) on science question level in seventh grade students were investigated experimentally. The hypotheses were: students instructed in researchable questioning in science would outperform students who were not instructed on a measure of science question level; students interested in science topics would score higher

Santine Cuccio Schirripa

1997-01-01

388

Unpark Those Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whenever Mr. Henderson's 3rd grade students had a question that he couldn't immediately answer or that seemed off-topic, he asked them to write the question on a sticky note and place it on a poster dubbed the "Parking Lot." His intention was to find time later to answer those questions, but too often, he said, the parking lot…

Ness, Molly

2013-01-01

389

"If you have the flu symptoms, your asymptomatic spouse may better answer the willingness-to-pay question".  

E-print Network

"If you have the flu symptoms, your asymptomatic spouse may better answer the willingness alleviation of flu symptoms. However, a patient was significantly more likely to anchor his/her answer choice; Patient; proxy; anchoring; structural shift; influenza JEL Classification: I1, C2, H4 inserm

390

26 CFR 5f.168(f)(8)-1 - Questions and answers concerning transitional rules and related matters regarding certain safe...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF 1982 § 5f.168(f)(8)-1 Questions and answers...before July 2, 1982 (the “window period”), enters into a...delivered to the lessee during the window period, is the property eligible...rules of section 168(f)(8) of the Internal Revenue...

2010-04-01

391

26 CFR 5f.168(f)(8)-1 - Questions and answers concerning transitional rules and related matters regarding certain safe...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...OF 1982 § 5f.168(f)(8)-1 Questions and answers...before July 2, 1982 (the “window period”), enters into a...delivered to the lessee during the window period, is the property eligible...rules of section 168(f)(8) of the Internal Revenue...

2011-04-01

392

How To Talk to Your Kids about Really Important Things: For Children Four to Twelve. Specific Questions and Answers and Useful Things To Say.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help parents find the words they need to talk to their children and answer their children's practical questions, this book offers practical guidance on a wide range of life's experiences, from family changes such as divorce and remarriage, to controversial subjects such as child abuse and AIDS. The major focus is on children ages 4 to…

Schaefer, Charles E.; DiGeronimo, Theresa Foy

393

26 CFR 31.3121(a)-1T - Question and answer relating to the definition of wages in section 3121(a) (Temporary).  

...2014-04-01 false Question and answer relating to the definition of wages in section 3121(a) (Temporary). 31.3121(a)-1T Section 31.3121(a)-1T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY...

2014-04-01

394

A text of two titles: Kant’s ‘A renewed attempt to answer the question: “Is the human race continually improving?’’’  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essay, ‘A renewed attempt to answer the question: “Is the human race continually improving?”’ appeared as Part II of Kant’s 1798 publication, The conflict of the faculties, where it was subordinated under a second title: ‘The conflict of the philosophy faculty with the faculty of law’. How did this new situation (and title) affects the meaning of the essay?

John H. Zammito

2008-01-01

395

Report to the New Jersey State Board of Agriculture Rutgers NJAES sponsored a forum, "GMOs: Questions and Answers for New Jersey Farmers," on May 9  

E-print Network

, "GMOs: Questions and Answers for New Jersey Farmers," on May 9 at the Rutgers EcoComplex in Bordentown "Busting the Myths Surrounding Genetically Engineered Foods." Cara Cuite, associate research professor on "Public Perceptions of GM Food." Brad Hillman, senior associate director, NJAES, and director

Goodman, Robert M.

396

Review the following outline providing some guidelines for ethical standards in the computing environment. Then answer the questions on the following page.  

E-print Network

Review the following outline providing some guidelines for ethical standards in the computing environment. Then answer the questions on the following page. ETHICS in COMPUTING 1. Respect for intellectual property: a. Honor copyright laws and product licensing. b. Refuse to participate in software piracy

Kreinovich, Vladik

397

Study the kinemage in this file, following along on this worksheet and answering its questions. Use chapter 1 of the Branden & Tooze textbook for background.  

E-print Network

Study the kinemage in this file, following along on this worksheet and answering its questions. Use to be edited". After you are finished, select menu item File:Save as... In KiNG: Choose "Kinemage #2 the twist of the beta sheet. Click "Animate" to switch among the four groupings of side chains (use View2

Richardson, David

398

Unexpected Answers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is designed to introduce students to statistical situations where the probabilities or outcomes might not be what is first expected. The lesson provides links to discussions and activities motivated by the idea of unexpected answers. Finally, the lesson provides links to follow-up lessons designed for use in succession with an introduction to probability and unexpected answers in probability.

Shodor

2012-03-30

399

[Experience of teaching the questions of alcoholism to medical students].  

PubMed

The experience of teaching alcoholism to undergraduate students of a medical school at lectures and practical trainings on narcology (psychiatry), at the organization of independent, educational and research work is described. Aprioristic ideas of students of alcoholism and alcohol abuse are analyzed. Possibilities of use movies for narcology teaching are discussed. It is offered to strengthen intercathedral integration of teaching in higher education institution the questions of alcoholic intoxication and dependence, to direct educational process on development of bases of preservation and correction of health of future doctors and patients, to increase educational motivation of students by introduction of active methods of training (clinical games), educational multimedia modules and work intensification with patients. PMID:23887474

Golenkov, A V

2013-01-01

400

Is obesity a risk factor for low back pain? An example of using the evidence to answer a clinical question  

E-print Network

Background: Obesity as a causal factor for low back pain has been controversial with no definitive answer to this date. The objective of this study was to determine whether obesity is associated with low back pain. In ...

Mirtz, Timothy A.; Greene, Leon

2005-04-11

401

ASTR 202 -EXAM 1 (10 Question, 6 pages) Please write short answers in complete sentences directly below each question where applicable.  

E-print Network

the following student comments during our in-class Astrology activity. Are any of the following statements valid. Student #1: If astrology does not work at all, then nobody should have picked the correct Star Sign that astrology works some of the time. Student #3: Statistics can't prove or disprove anything. Student #4

Shirley, Yancy

402

Math. 55 TEST Student's NAME in BLOCK CAPITALS: ____ Model Answers ____ Prof. W. Kahan Wed. 27 Jan. 1999  

E-print Network

Math. 55 TEST Student's NAME in BLOCK CAPITALS: ____ Model Answers ____ Prof. W. Kahan Wed. 27 Jan's NAME in BLOCK CAPITALS: ____ Model Answers ____ Prof. W. Kahan Wed. 27 Jan. 1999 Problem 2 illustrates negatives whenever possible except perhaps in special situations like British understatement: Bystander

California at Berkeley, University of

403

Math. 55 TEST Student's NAME in BLOCK CAPITALS: ____ Model Answers ____ Prof. W. Kahan Wed. 27 Jan. 1999  

E-print Network

Math. 55 TEST Student's NAME in BLOCK CAPITALS: ____ Model Answers ____ Prof. W. Kahan Wed. 27 Jan in BLOCK CAPITALS: ____ Model Answers ____ Prof. W. Kahan Wed. 27 Jan. 1999 Problem 2 illustrates writers to avoid negatives whenever possible except perhaps in special situations like British

California at Berkeley, University of

404

The assessment of critical thinking skills in anatomy and physiology students who practice writing higher order multiple choice questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Critical thinking is a complex abstraction that defies homogeneous interpretation. This means that no operational definition is universal and no critical thinking measurement tool is all encompassing. Instructors will likely find evidence based strategies to facilitate thinking skills only as numerous research efforts from multiple disciplines accumulate. This study focuses on a question writing exercise designed to help anatomy and physiology students. Students were asked to design multiple choice questions that combined course concepts in new and novel ways. Instructions and examples were provided on how to construct these questions and student attempts were sorted into levels one through three of Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy (Bloom et al. 1956). Students submitted their question designs weekly and received individual feedback as to how they might improve. Eight course examinations were created to contain questions that modeled the Bloom's Cognitive Taxonomy levels that students were attempting. Students were assessed on their course examination performance as well as performance on a discipline independent critical thinking test called the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST). The performance of students in this study was compared to students from two previous years that took the same course but did not have the question writing activity. Results suggest that students do not improve their ability to answer critical thinking multiple choices questions when they practice the task of creating such problems. The effect of class level on critical thinking is examined and it appears that the longer a student has attended college the better the performance on both discipline specific and discipline independent critical thinking questions. The data were also used to analyze students who improved their course examination grades in the second semester of this course. There is a pattern to suggest that students who improve their performance on course examinations did so largely in non-critical thinking problems. Although, when this subset of students is analyzed by class level it appears that sophomores reverse the pattern and improve much more in critical thinking type questions than their upper classmen. The implications of this are discussed.

Shaw, Jason

405

Chapter 9 From search engines to question answering systems — The problems of world knowledge, relevance, deduction and precisiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing search engines, with Google at the top, have many truly remarkable capabilities. Furthermore, constant progress is being made in improving their performance. But what is not widely recognized is that there is a basic capability which existing search engines do not have: deduction capability — the capability to synthesize an answer to a query by drawing on bodies of

Lotfi A. Zadeh

2006-01-01

406

Students' Questions: Building a Bridge between Kolb's Learning Styles and Approaches to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the types of questions that students ask during the learning of chemistry; discuss the role of students' questions in the process of constructing knowledge, and investigate the relationship between students' questions, approaches to learning, and learning styles. Design/methodology/approach: The…

de Jesus, Helena T. Pedrosa; Almeida, Patricia Albergaria; Teixeira-Dias, Jose Joaquim; Watts, Mike

2006-01-01

407

Presenter Responses to Questions Not Answered During the Webinar Note: Some of the responses to questions below refer to USGS Circular 1376, Streamflow Depletion by  

E-print Network

-21 of the USGS report SIR 2010-5149 "Simulation of Groundwater Flow and Effects of Groundwater Irrigation were constructed with the USGS MODFLOW groundwater model program. To make the capture maps, a separate to questions below refer to USGS Circular 1376, Streamflow Depletion by Wells. That publication can be accesses

408

Are All Wrong FCI Answers Equivalent?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Force Concept Inventory (FCI) has been efficiently used to assess conceptual learning in mechanics. Each FCI question has one Newtonian answer and four wrong answers (distracters). Researchers and practitioners most frequently use measures of total score to assess learning. Yet, are all wrong answers equivalent? We conducted Latent Markov Chain Modeling (LMCM) analyses of all choices (right and wrong) on a subset of four FCI questions. LMCM assesses whether there are groups of students sharing similar patterns of responses. We infer that students sharing similar patterns also share similar reasoning. Our results show seven reasoning-groups. LMCM also computes probabilities of transition from one reasoning-group to another after instruction. Examining transitions between groups, we note a clear hierarchy. Groups at the top of the hierarchy are comprised of students that use Newtonian thinking more consistently but also choose certain wrong answers more frequently; suggesting that not all wrong answers are equivalent.

Dedic, Helena; Rosenfield, Steven; Lasry, Nathaniel

2011-01-01

409

Bone Health Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check (T) in front of the answer.  

E-print Network

EAT SMART Bone Health Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check not planning to use the information from this program. # I have osteoporosis or low bone density. YES NO As you

410

The purpose of this work is to identify potential evaluation criteria for interactive, analytical question-answering (QA)  

E-print Network

from multiple sources. The question "How is the al-Qaeda organization funded?" is an example with factual QA systems (Lin et al., 2003) and seek information for more complex QA tasks (Diekema et al., 2004

411

Heart Health Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check (T) in front of the answer.  

E-print Network

EAT SMART Heart Health Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check not planning to use the information in this program. # I have heart disease or high blood pressure. YES

412

Effects of posting examinations and answer keys on students' study methods and test performance.  

PubMed

A rich database was assembled to test the validity of contradictory claims about the effects of policy regarding posting of code-protected individual student scores and keyed examination questions. Four second-year lecture courses, each in a specialty area and each testing using multiple-choice examinations at the end of quarters, were compared. Two of the courses follow the practice of regularly posting scores and keyed questions; one holds review sessions during subsequent quarters to discuss some questions, while the other allows students to review their tests in a proctored room without access to paper and pencil. Students completed a questionnaire reporting the hours they spent studying for each test using a variety of methods, including old examinations, and estimates of the proportion of repeat questions on each test. Because most of the questionnaires were signed, it was possible to match self-reported study patterns with actual test scores and with overall GPA. Other information, such as test reliability, grading patterns, and National Board performance, was also gathered. A focus group was conducted. Results showed that students customized their study patterns and there was a minor clustering of practices such as late start for studying and use of old exams. Students with higher overall GPAs and those intending to specialize scored higher on tests. There were no associations between hours spent studying using any approach, including old exams, and test performance. There were no differences between course characteristics of the two courses that posted and the two courses that did not post exams, including National Board performance. Potential reasons why there was no association between hours or type of examination preparation and test scores are discussed. The focus group revealed that there are multiple goals among students regarding what they hope to achieve in the testing situation and that perfect performance was not a goal. Because there was no direct effect of posting exams on student test performance and because the practice of not posting exams created a climate of distance between students and faculty members, it is suggested that exams be posted as a regular policy. PMID:19433535

Lake, Emerson; Chambers, David W

2009-05-01

413

Quality assessment of expert answers to lay questions about cystic fibrosis from various language zones in Europe: the ECORN-CF project  

PubMed Central

Background The European Centres of Reference Network for Cystic Fibrosis (ECORN-CF) established an Internet forum which provides the opportunity for CF patients and other interested people to ask experts questions about CF in their mother language. The objectives of this study were to: 1) develop a detailed quality assessment tool to analyze quality of expert answers, 2) evaluate the intra- and inter-rater agreement of this tool, and 3) explore changes in the quality of expert answers over the time frame of the project. Methods The quality assessment tool was developed by an expert panel. Five experts within the ECORN-CF project used the quality assessment tool to analyze the quality of 108 expert answers published on ECORN-CF from six language zones. 25 expert answers were scored at two time points, one year apart. Quality of answers was also assessed at an early and later period of the project. Individual rater scores and group mean scores were analyzed for each expert answer. Results A scoring system and training manual were developed analyzing two quality categories of answers: content and formal quality. For content quality, the grades based on group mean scores for all raters showed substantial agreement between two time points, however this was not the case for the grades based on individual rater scores. For formal quality the grades based on group mean scores showed only slight agreement between two time points and there was also poor agreement between time points for the individual grades. The inter-rater agreement for content quality was fair (mean kappa value 0.232 ± 0.036, p < 0.001) while only slight agreement was observed for the grades of the formal quality (mean kappa value 0.105 ± 0.024, p < 0.001). The quality of expert answers was rated high (four language zones) or satisfactory (two language zones) and did not change over time. Conclusions The quality assessment tool described in this study was feasible and reliable when content quality was assessed by a group of raters. Within ECORN-CF, the tool will help ensure that CF patients all over Europe have equal possibility of access to high quality expert advice on their illness. PMID:22309508

2012-01-01

414

Understanding School Climate and Interventions for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Students  

E-print Network

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) high school students tend to experience more physical bullying and verbal harassment than heterosexual students. In addition, LGBTQ students are at an increased risk of anxiety, depression...

Hutton, Stacy Lynn

2014-08-31

415

Martin_Answers 211.pdf Student questions: Crystal Martin colloquium on "The adventures of cosmic baryons"  

E-print Network

the name "dark" matter? Yes, you've got it. Dark matter does feel the electromagnetic force; that's why could solar sail technology be used to harness that energy as a source of propulsion for deep space

Rhoads, James

416

Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions  

E-print Network

New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova condition such as HIV, diabetes, chronic renal failure, leukemia, lymphoma, significant unexplained weight

417

Lisse_Answers 313.pdf Student questions: Carey Lisse colloquium on "Prospects for Life & Human Habitability  

E-print Network

of tardigrades support the possibility that even more extreme and adaptable organisms exist elsewhere tardigrades can survive without water, they cannot grow/metabolize/reproduce without it, the activities

Shumway, John

418

Ono_Answers 413.pdf Student questions: Shuhei Ono colloquium on "Origin of Sulfur  

E-print Network

/17/13 Is UV radiation currently producing S-MIFs, or were S-MIFs only created in the Archean? It appears of the Archean suggest liquid water, why do you think it's liquid water and not some other liquid that could have of mass-independent fractionation of sulfur more recently in geologic time than the Archean that can

Shumway, John

419

Food Safety Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check (T) in front of the answer.  

E-print Network

EAT SMART Food Safety Evaluation The following questions are about today's program. Place a check with soap and water before preparing food. 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 I use a thermometer to check if foods Programs serve people of all ages regardless of socioeconomic level, race, color, sex, religion, disability

420

Answering the Big Questions in Neuroscience: DoD's Experimental Research Wing Takes on Massive, High-Risk Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) asks research questions, it goes big. This is, after all, the same agency that put together teams of scientists and engineers to find a way to connect the worlds computers and, in doing so, developed the precursor to the Internet. DARPA, the experimental research wing of the U.S. Department of Defense, funds

Leslie Mertz

2012-01-01

421

Answering Gauguin?s Questions: Where Are We Coming From, Where Are We Going, and What Are We?  

ScienceCinema

Ellis discusses how the knowledge of matter revealed by the current reigning theory of particle physics, known as the Standard Model, still leaves open many basic questions, for example: What is the origin of the matter in the Universe, how does its mass originate, what is the nature of the dark matter that fills the Universe, and are there additional dimensions of space?

John Ellis

2010-09-01

422

Colleges Struggle to Answer Tough Questions about Rates for the Overhead Costs of Government-Sponsored Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As news reports continue to describe questionable charges for indirect costs in government-sponsored research, academic officials try to explain the rates, which vary greatly by institution and are based on complicated accounting formulas, to the press, alumni, trustees, and state legislators. Overhead rates, ranging from 37 percent to 77 percent,…

Cordes, Colleen

1991-01-01

423

Stat 426 EXAM 2 Name: Exam Instructions: Use a separate piece of paper to answer each question. Label the  

E-print Network

. Label the paper with the question number and your name. Try to show as much work as possible and explain your thoughts. There are 4 problems on this test. Calculators/computers are not permitted; one 8. The parameter is known. a. Find the method of moments estimator, ^mom, of . b. Use Chebyshev's inequality

Murphy, Susan A.

424

Question-writing as a learning tool for students - outcomes from curricular exams  

PubMed Central

Background Writing exam questions can be a valuable learning tool. We asked students to construct multiple choice questions for curricular exams in Internal Medicine. The questions for the particular exams were chosen from a pool of at least 300 student-written questions. The uncorrected pool was accessible to all students. We studied the influence of this approach on the students’ learning habits and their test results. We hypothesized that creating a pool of their own questions for the exams could encourage students to discuss the learning material. Methods All students had to pass 4 exams in 7 fields of Internal Medicine. Three exams were comprised of 20 questions, and we applied the new method in one of these exams. The fourth exam was comprised of 30 questions, 15 of which were chosen from a students’ pool. After all exams had been completed we asked the students to fill in a web-based questionnaire on their learning habits and their views on the new approach. The test-results were compared to the results of the lecturers’ questions that defined high and low performing students. Results A total of 102 students completed all four exams in a row, 68 of whom filled in the questionnaire. Low performing students achieved significantly better results in the studentsquestions. There was no difference in the number of constructed questions between both groups of students. The new method did not promote group work significantly. However, high performing students stated a stronger wish to be rewarded by good performance. Conclusions Creating a curricular exam by choosing questions from a pool constructed by students did not influence the learning habits significantly and favored low performing students. Since the high performing students sought to be rewarded for their efforts, we do not consider the approach applied in our study to be appropriate. PMID:23787038

2013-01-01

425

Questioning Student Learning: An Exploration of Student's Views on Learning to Become Independent Nurse Prescribers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illuminative evaluation study gives insights into attitudes to learning, interaction and the perceived roles of theory, evidence, reading and previous experience. These insights lead us to question some aspects of the course as currently presented. Students indicated that they found the course material stimulating but prior guidance on the…

Banning, Maggi; Cortazzi, Martin

2004-01-01

426

The Challenge Question  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to the "Walk the Line" challenge question. They write journal responses to the question and brainstorm what information they need to answer the question. Ideas are shared with the class (or in pairs and then to the class, if class size is large). Then students read an interview with an engineer to gain a professional perspective on linear data sets and best-fit lines. Students brainstorm for additional ideas and add them to the list. With the teacher's guidance, students organize the ideas into logical categories of needed knowledge.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

427

Distinguishing among Declarative, Descriptive and Causal Questions to Guide Field Investigations and Student Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers as well as students often have difficulty formulating good research questions because not all questions lend themselves to scientific investigation. The following is a guide for high-school and college life-science teachers to help students define question types central to biological field studies. The mayfly nymph was selected as the…

Odom, Arthur Louis; Bell, Clare V.

2011-01-01

428

Please complete in black ink in BLOCK LETTERS, or typescript, and answer all questions as fully as possible. PERSONAL DETAILS  

E-print Network

(continue on a separate sheet if necessary): Are you aware of any medical condition that would warrant problems and deal with situations? 3. How would you, as a member of the Pastoral Staff, enhance the student the space provided below to provide any other details in support of your application, this may include

Glasgow, University of

429

Screening, assessment, and treatment of osteoporosis for the nurse practitioner: Key questions and answers for clinical practice--A Canadian perspective  

PubMed Central

Purpose Using a case-based approach, we review key clinical questions relevant to nurse practitioners (NPs) regarding the screening, assessment, and treatment of patients at risk for osteoporosis and fractures in a Canadian general practice setting. Data sources A case presentation with relevant questions and answers to guide management of a patient. Conclusions Osteoporosis is a common condition in both the aging male and female populations. Screening, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoporosis is lagging behind relative to other chronic disease states. NPs have a unique opportunity to help reduce this care gap by playing an integral role in the identification, risk stratification, and treatment of patients at risk for osteoporosis and fractures. Implications for practice This case highlights the important role an NP can have in screening a patient previously not diagnosed or managed for osteoporosis. Performing a focused history and physical exam of the patient to determine appropriate screening tests and fracture risk will help in guiding treatment decisions. PMID:24911524

Rice, Peggy; Mehan, Upender; Hamilton, Celeste; Kim, Sandra

2014-01-01

430

The Effects of Student Question-Generation with Online Prompts on Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study was to investigate the effects of student-question generation with online prompts on student academic achievement, question-generation performance, learning satisfaction and learning anxiety. This study adopted a quasi-experimental research design. Two classes of eighth grade students (N = 64) from one middle school…

Yu, Fu-Yun; Pan, Kuan-Jung

2014-01-01

431

Improving communication skills in student music teachers. Part Two: questioning skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is concerned with examining ways of alerting student teachers to the importance of developing questioning skills in their teaching. A survey of the literature on questioning skills revealed a wealth of examples for student teachers of traditionally ‘academic’ subjects, and a corresponding lack of available material for student teachers of practical subjects, where there may be different issues,

Jenny Hughes

2005-01-01

432

Multiple choice questions are superior to extended matching questions to identify medicine and biomedical sciences students who perform poorly.  

PubMed

In recent years, medical faculties at Dutch universities have implemented a legally binding study advice to students of medicine and biomedical sciences during their propaedeutic phase. Appropriate examination is essential to discriminate between poor (grade <6), moderate (grade 6-8) and excellent (grade ?8) students. Therefore, we compared the discriminatory properties of extended matching questions (EMQs) versus multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and identified the role of sex, age and examination preference on this score. Data were collected for 452 first-year medical and biomedical science students during three distinct course examinations: one examination with EMQ only, one with MCQ only and one mixed examination (including EMQ and MCQ). Logistic regression analysis revealed that MCQ examination was 3 times better in identifying poor students compared with EMQ (RR 3.0, CI 2.0-4.5), whereas EMQ better detected excellent students (average grade ?8) (RR 1.93, CI 1.47-2.53). Mixed examination had comparable characteristics to MCQ. Sex and examination preference did not impact the score of the student. Students ?20 years had a 4-fold higher risk ratio of obtaining a poor grade (<6) compared with students ?18 years old (RR 4.1, CI 2.1-8.0). Given the strong discriminative capacity of MCQ examinations to identify poor students, we recommend the use of this type of examination during the propaedeutic phase of medicine and biomedical science study programmes, in the light of the binding study advice. PMID:24203858

Eijsvogels, Thijs M H; van den Brand, Tessa L; Hopman, Maria T E

2013-11-01

433

Mystery #14 Answer  

... questions are provided. 1.   The island is part of a volcanic arc system situated near a tectonic plate boundary. Answer: TRUE ... ocean   trench. 2.   The last major volcanic eruption on this island occurred in 1981. Answer: FALSE Anatahan had ...

2013-04-22

434

Mystery #1 Answer  

... wide. Answers to the questions are provided. 1.   This collection of islands, or archipelago, is part of what country? Answer:  ... main island of Viti Levu includes many species of orchids, water lilies, and tropical plants.     MISR was built and is ...

2013-04-22

435

Involving students in question writing: a unique feedback with fringe benefits.  

PubMed

A contest on question writing was organized during the undergraduate medical physiology teaching program. Students were asked to write and submit multiple-choice questions of the assertion-reasoning type (type E) in physiology. The winners were decided after the questions submitted were graded on a six-point scale (0-5) that considered both thematic novelty and construct correctness. Of the 100 students in the class, 37 participated in the contest, and a total of 912 questions was received. The contest encouraged the students to go through their subjects critically. The questions provided the instructor with insight into the learning habits and misconceptions of the students and provided the grist for animated discussions in tutorial classes. Although several types of errors were deciphered in these questions, with suitable modifications the questions helped the faculty build up a sizable question bank. PMID:10644264

Sircar, S S; Tandon, O P

1999-12-01

436

A statistical analysis of student questions in a cell biology laboratory.  

PubMed

Asking questions is an essential component of the practice of science, but question-asking skills are often underemphasized in science education. In this study, we examined questions written by students as they prepared for laboratory exercises in a senior-level cell biology class. Our goals were to discover 1) what types of questions students asked about laboratory activities, 2) whether the types or quality of questions changed over time, and 3) whether the quality of questions or degree of improvement was related to academic performance. We found a majority of questions were about laboratory outcomes or seeking additional descriptive information about organisms or processes to be studied. Few questions earned the highest possible ranking, which required demonstration of extended thought, integration of information, and/or hypotheses and future experiments, although a majority of students asked such a question at least once. We found no correlation between types of student questions or improvement in questions and final grades. Only a small improvement in overall question quality was seen despite considerable practice at writing questions about science. Our results suggest that improving students' ability to generate higher-order questions may require specific pedagogical intervention. PMID:19487502

Keeling, Elena L; Polacek, Kelly M; Ingram, Ella L

2009-01-01

437

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students’ Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students’ interest in science by using their self-generated\\u000a questions. We investigated students’ interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among\\u000a them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample\\u000a may represent a group of students who have a

Gultekin Cakmakci; Hatice Sevindik; Meryem Pektas; Asli Uysal; Fatma Kole; Gamze Kavak

2011-01-01

438

The Effect of Field Representation on Student Responses to Magnetic Force Questions  

E-print Network

particle and report three findings from a series of tests administered to introductory physics students, the representation format affects responses: students answer differently when the magnetic field is portrayed for any given situation. In addition, both fields have two types of sources, positive/negative charge

Heckler, Andrew F.

439

Answering the big questions in neuroscience: DoD's experimental research wing takes on massive, high-risk projects.  

PubMed

When the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) asks research questions, it goes big. This is, after all, the same agency that put together teams of scientists and engineers to find a way to connect the worlds computers and, in doing so, developed the precursor to the Internet. DARPA, the experimental research wing of the U.S. Department of Defense, funds the types of research queries that scientists and engineers dream of tackling. Unlike a traditional granting agency that conservatively metes out its funding and only to projects with a good chance of success, DARPA puts its money on massive, multi-institutional projects that have no guarantees, but have enormous potential. In the 1990s, DARPA began its biological and medical science research to improve the safety, health, and well being of military personnel, according to DARPA program manager and Army Colonel Geoffrey Ling, Ph.D., M.D. More recently, DARPA has entered the realm of neuroscience and neurotechnology. Its focus with these projects is on its prime customer, the U.S. Department of Defense, but Ling acknowledged that technologies developed in its programs "certainly have potential to cascade into civilian uses." PMID:22344946

Mertz, Leslie

2012-01-01

440

What Makes a Scientific Research Question Worth Investigating? Students' Epistemic Criteria and Considerations of Contribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation introduces the construct of worthwhileness as an important aspect of students' practical epistemologies of science (Sandoval, 2005). Specifically, it examines how students conceptualize what makes a scientific research question worthwhile, through a close analysis of the criteria they use for evaluating scientific research questions. Elementary (n=21) and high school students (n=21) participated in this study. As part of semi-structured interviews, students engaged in three novel tasks designed to elicit the epistemic criteria they use to evaluate scientific research questions in a variety of contexts. Findings indicate that elementary and high school students alike could engage in the practice of evaluating the worth of scientific questions. The criteria they employed included degree of interest, difficulty, and the contribution of questions to knowledge or to solving a problem. The criteria students considered varied by context. Several key differences emerged between the reasoning of the two grade cohorts. High school students tended to place more weight on the contribution of the research question. Also, the criteria reflected in the high school students' judgments of the scientific value of individual questions more closely accorded with the criteria they identified retrospectively as the basis of their judgments. Furthermore, the older cohort more often rationalized the selection and sequence of research questions within a single domain on the basis of epistemic contingency between questions. How students conceptualize what makes a scientific research question worthwhile constitutes a key aspect of students' epistemic reasoning. It is particularly important to understand how students judge the worthwhilness of scientific research questions given the central epistemic role of research questions in scientific inquiry.

Berson, Eric Bruckner

441

Anchor Essays for Critical Thinking The following sample responses are intended to represent student answers to Critical  

E-print Network

Anchor Essays for Critical Thinking The following sample responses are intended to represent student answers to Critical Thinking assignments that reflect the various levels of proficiency identified@buffalostate.edu. In addition, as campuses continue to develop instruments to assess critical thinking a pool of assignments

Suzuki, Masatsugu

442

The Impact of Student Ability and Method for Varying the Position of Correct Answers in Classroom Multiple-Choice Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple-choice item-writing guideline research is in its infancy. Haladyna (2004) calls for a science of item-writing guideline research. The purpose of this study is to respond to such a call. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of student ability and method for varying the location of correct answers in classroom multiple-choice…

Joseph, Dane Christian

2010-01-01

443

Why don't young adults protect themselves against sexual transmission of HIV? Possible answers to a complex question.  

PubMed

Using theories of health behavior, this study aimed to advance the understanding of risk-taking regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among young adults by describing: (a) their representation (i.e., schema) about HIV infection, (b) their problems with use of condoms and comfort with safe-sex practices, and (c) situations associated with risky sexual behavior and reported reasons for risk-taking. Participants were 272 young adult college students whose average age was 19.3 years (SD = 2.4). They completed an extensive questionnaire developed for the study. The representation of HIV infection in this sample lacked the specific and detailed information necessary to guide sexual behavior. For example, participants were aware of the causes of sexual transmission of HIV, but many persons indicated uncertainty about the effectiveness of various preventive strategies (e.g., latex condoms, birth control devices). A number of specific problems with using condoms were identified or expected by participants. These included inadequate lubrication, poor fit, and breaks or leaks during intercourse. The majority of the sample (85.3%) reported at least one occurrence of unprotected sexual intercourse. For 60% of them, the stated reason for the risk-taking was that the intercourse was unplanned or spontaneous; 50% reported that they "just knew" the partner was safe and not infected with HIV. Implications for health education programs are discussed. PMID:8217474

Keller, M L

1993-01-01

444

Active Learning with Jeopardy: Students Ask the Questions———  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nontraditional instructional methods facilitate active learning by students. The Jeopardy exercise outlined in this article is based on the popular television game show and is presented as an active learning technique designed to (a) motivate students to actively participate in class and assume more responsibility for learning, (b) provide an in-class opportunity for teamwork, (c) reinforce students’learning of course concepts

Joan Benek-Rivera; Vinitia E. Mathews

2004-01-01

445

The Contributions of Student Affairs to a Liberal Education: Three Imperative Questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the purpose of undergraduate education? What should be taught or learned in college? Who should teach? Reflections on these three questions lead to recommendations for student affairs practitioners as they consider their roles in contributing to the education of students. The goals of a liberal education are congruent with the goals of student affairs. Student learning and engagement

Michael D. Coomes; Maureen E. Wilson

2009-01-01

446

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-06-01

447

Using Open-Ended Questions to Diagnose Students' Understanding of Inter- and Intramolecular Forces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate Grade 10 Thai students about their understanding on inter- and intramolecular forces. Sixty four students were elicited by administered open-ended questions after finishing normal instruction on chemical bonding topics. The instrument was in a set of open-ended questions which contained a number of…

Rompayom, Patcharee; Tambunchong, Chinda; Wongyounoi, Somson; Dechsri, Precharn

2011-01-01

448

Developing Students' Ability to Ask More and Better Questions Resulting from Inquiry-Type Chemistry Laboratories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the ability of high-school chemistry students, who learn chemistry through the inquiry approach, to ask meaningful and scientifically sound questions. We investigated (a) the ability of students to ask questions related to their observations and findings in an inquiry-type experiment (a practical test) and (b) the ability of…

Hofstein, Avi; Navon, Oshrit; Kipnis, Mira; Mamlok-Naaman, Rachel

2005-01-01

449

What's in a domain: Understanding how students approach questioning in history and science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During their education, students are presented with information across a variety of academic domains. How students ask questions as they learn has implications for understanding, retention, and problem solving. The current research investigates the influence of age and prior knowledge on the ways students approach questioning across history and science content. In two studies, students read history and science passages and then generated questions they would ask to make sense of the content. Nine categories of questions were identified to discern patterns of inquiry across both domains. Results indicate that while age and prior knowledge may play a role in the way students ask questions by domain there are persistent main effects of domain across both studies. Specifically, across both studies students ask questions regarding the purpose or function of ideas in science passages, whereas history passage are more regularly met with questions for supplemental information to complete a student's understanding. In contrast to extant research on developmental status or experience within a content area, current work suggests that domains themselves hold unique properties, which may influence how students approach questioning across domains.

Portnoy, Lindsay Blau

450

The Effects of Features of Examination Questions on the Performance of Students with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated whether features of examination questions influence students with dyslexia differently to others, potentially affecting whether they have a fair opportunity to show their knowledge, understanding and skills. A number of science examination questions were chosen. For some questions two slightly different versions were…

Crisp, Victoria; Johnson, Martin; Novakovic, Nadezda

2012-01-01

451

How Can Students Be Motivated: A Misplaced Question?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Great teachers understand the fundamental difference between motivation and inspiration: motivation is self-focused and inspiration is other focused. Exceptional teachers guide students to greatness by inspiring them to discover where their talents and passions intersect. For today's besieged classroom teacher, the desire to motivate students

Bowman, Richard F.

2007-01-01

452

Teaching Students to Visualize: Nine Key Questions for Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The seemingly simple task associated with formal reading instruction may be problematic for many students with speech and language delays who often enter school with meager literacy experiences (B. K. Gunn, D. C. Simmons, & E. J. Kame'enui, 1999). However, the challenges that students face may be reduced when reading instruction includes…

Rader, Laura A.

2009-01-01

453

Questions for IIT Waste Diversion RFP Question: What are the recycling/waste goals of IIT?  

E-print Network

commodities handled outside of the single stream or dual stream collection process (e.g., e-waste, fluorescent expected to haul the Black outside Hawk bins? Answer: No, this is handled by our staff. Question: Have you disposal and recycling) Answer: 1,500 - 1,550 Question: Do the student housing facilities have food

Heller, Barbara

454

FROM THE HISTORY OF PHYSICS: How in the 20th century physicists, chemists and biologists answered the question: what is life?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The most essential achievements in 20th century biology are analyzed and the question of how throughout the last century physicists, chemists and biologists answered the question "What is life?" is considered. The most considerable scientific achievement of 20th century biology, and perhaps of all science, is considered by many to be the discovery by biologist J Watson and physicists F Crick and M Wilkins that resulted in establishing the DNA structure. The related work of well-known scientists of the USA and Europe, E Schrödinger, L Pauling, M Perutz, J Kendrew, and of the Russian scientists N K Koltsov, N V Timofeeff-Ressovsky, G A Gamow, A M Olovnikov, is analyzed. Presently, when the structure of DNA, the process of gene expression and even the genomes of human beings are already known, scientists realize that we still do not know many of the most important things. In our opinion, the 20th century studies of nucleic acids largely ignored the principle of the cyclic organisation of DNA. In this connection, we analyze the principle of cyclicity, which in its generality may well complement the concept of the atomic structure of matter.

Reutov, Valentin P.; Schechter, A. N.

2010-07-01

455

Donating Blood Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... Under certain circumstances a donor with an indeterminate Western Blot may be tested for possible re-entry after a six-month period if an unlicensed Western Blot was used for the original test. A ...

456

Question & Answer QQ&&AA  

E-print Network

. Quantitative traits include aspects of morphology (height, weight); physiology (blood pressure); behavior (aggression); as well as molecular phenotypes (gene expression levels, high- and low- density cholesterol, but achondroplasia (dwarfism) is caused by a Mendelian autosomal dominant mutation in the fibroblast growth factor

Mackay, Trudy F.C.

457

Questions and Answers about Stroke  

MedlinePLUS

... the stroke and acts quickly. What should a bystander do? Bystanders should know the signs and act in time. ... disability. Four million Americans are living with the effects of stroke. The length of time to recover ...

458

Question & Answer QQ&&AA  

E-print Network

in equal times) that empirically accoun- ted for Brahe's data. Fifty years later, Newton's law of universal gravitation provided a further abstraction and simplification, with Kepler's laws following as simple-sphere-tetrahedron-sphere-cube- sphere), the sizes of the spheres correspond to the relative sizes of the first six planets' orbits

459

Rethinking Drinking: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... down the road. A related "all or nothing" misconception is that all heavy drinkers are automatically alcoholics. ... year. This helps to counter a commonly held misconception that “everybody” drinks a lot. The second purpose ...

460

Questions and Answers about Monkeypox  

MedlinePLUS

... the sale of infected prairie dogs. CDC laboratory testing of some animals by using PCR and virus isolation demonstrated that ... to assist with the investigation. Conducted extensive laboratory testing on specimens from humans and animals thought to have been exposed to monkeypox. Issued ...

461

Answering Questions About Underage Drinking  

MedlinePLUS

... can respond. Please share. Q. Doesn't the legal drinking age just make teens want alcohol more, because it ... friends when you're not around. Q. The legal drinking age in Europe is younger than it is in ...

462

Common Prostate Cancer Questions Answered  

MedlinePLUS

... or just interested in learning more about the disease, the American Cancer Society is here to help. Here, we will ... aims to help people with certain types of cancer and other diseases get their federal disability claims processed faster. The ...

463

Hepatitis A: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... fever, tiredness, loss of appetite, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark urine, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and ... A virus is spread by getting infected fecal matter into a person’s mouth who has never had ...

464

Internet firewalls: questions and answers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As organizations consider connecting to the Internet, the issue of internetwork security becomes more important. There are many tools and components that can be used to secure a network, one of which is a firewall. Modern firewalls offer highly flexible private network security by controlling and monitoring all communications passing into or out of the private network. Specifically designed for security, firewalls become the private network's single point of attack from Internet intruders. Application gateways (or proxies) that have been written to be secure against even the most persistent attacks ensure that only authorized users and services access the private network. One-time passwords prevent intruders from `sniffing' and replaying the usernames and passwords of authorized users to gain access to the private network. Comprehensive logging permits constant and uniform system monitoring. `Address spoofing' attacks are prevented. The private network may use registered or unregistered IP addresses behind the firewall. Firewall-to-firewall encryption establishes a `virtual private network' across the Internet, preventing intruders from eavesdropping on private communications, eliminating the need for costly dedicated lines.

Ker, Keith

1996-03-01

465

Generic Drugs: Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... developed under patent protection. The patent protects the investment in the drug's development by giving the company ... Committees Science & Research Regulatory Information Safety Emergency Preparedness International Programs News & Events Training and Continuing Education Inspections/ ...

466

Questions and Answers about TB  

MedlinePLUS

... Rapid Molecular Testing to Detect Drug-Resistant TB in the US Executive Summary Introduction Background on Tests for Molecular ... Behavioral & Social Science Research Data & Statistics Reported TB in the US, Surveillance Report Archived Surveillance Reports and Slide Sets ...

467

HPV Vaccine - Questions and Answers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevents infection with the most harmful kinds of human papillomavirus (also called HPV). HPV vaccine is safe, effective, ... VFC program . Related Pages HPV Vaccine main page Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Topics Top of Page Images and logos ...

468

Answers to Questions: Nuclear Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electricity is an increasingly important part of our everyday lives. Its versatility allows one to heat, cool, and light homes; cook meals; watch television; listen to music; power computers; make medical diagnosis and treatment; explore the vastness of space; and study the tiniest molecules. Nuclear energy, second to coal, surpasses natural gas,…

Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Nuclear Energy Office.

469

Students' Goals, Gatekeeping, and Some Questions of Ethics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines assumptions underlying the ubiquitous distaste for gatekeeping evident in composition studies scholarship: namely, that the matter of gatekeeping can be settled by writing teachers themselves; and that students themselves need not be consulted about gatekeeping. (TB)

Smith, Jeff

1997-01-01

470

Are Learning Disabled Students \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has indicated that students in many cases can answer reading comprehension test questions correctly without having read the accompanying passage. The present research compared, in two experiments, the ability of learning disabled (LD) students and more typical age peers to answer such reading comprehension questions presented independently of reading passages. In Study 1, learning disabled students scored appreciably

Thomas E. Scruggs; Steve Lifson

1986-01-01

471

Context, Gender, and Physics Questions  

E-print Network

; individual answers differed between 5 and 21 on pretests, between 3 and 22 on the posttests · Men averaged 13 questions differently on pretests, between 0 and 22 on posttests · Women averaged 13 questions different on content? · When cued to the test similarities, students had somewhat fewer differences between the tests

Wu, Mingshen

472

Questions Arise about Algebra 2 for All Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Should all students take Algebra 2? Florida seemed to say "no" this spring with the passage of a law striking it from graduation requirements. Texas said much the same in legislation Republican Gov. Rick Perry signed this week that also backs away from Algebra 2 for all. Those steps come as the Common Core State Standards for math set the…

Robelen, Erik W.

2013-01-01

473

QUESTIONING THE HYBRID MODEL: STUDENT OUTCOMES IN DIFFERENT COURSE FORMATS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current literature suggests that a hybrid model of distance education supports student learning more effectively than any other format. It also seems likely that the hybrid format can be used in most courses. The purpose of our study was to examine the strength of these assertions. This study examined the outcomes of two introductory courses in teacher education and health

Kevin Valadares; Michael Slavkin

2005-01-01

474

Thesis writing for international students: A question of identity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

International postgraduates in the humanities and social sciences face particular challenges in writing English language theses, and in my experience often express these challenges negatively despite all the helpful explanations which they receive about our practices and conventions. A significant cause of difficulty may lie in the different epistemologies in which these students have been trained and in which their

Kate Cadman

1997-01-01

475

Evidence of epistemological framing in survey question misinterpretation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physics students' views about what kinds of learning and knowledge-generating activities are expected in class, their epistemological framing, influences their reasoning and what they learn. In previous work, we observed that students' likelihood of correctly answering a kinematics question easily solved through common sense depended on whether preceding questions on the survey were designed to prime "sense-making" or schoolish "answermaking". To get insight into students' reasoning we collected 24 think-alouds. The think-aloud data indicate that some participants who incorrectly answered the question misinterpreted the physical situation it describes. On its face this observation might be seen as evidence that inferring answer-making from an incorrect answer lacks validity. However, analysis indicates that students misinterpret the question because of how they frame their approach to answering it. So, misinterpretation of the kinematics question is a signal of epistemological framing, not an impediment to seeing it.

Hutchison, Paul; Elby, Andrew

2013-08-10

476

The Question-asking Behavior of Five Chinese International Students: A Case Study  

E-print Network

, or the Chinese students and teachers? expectations on each other. This generalization of Chinese students as ?passive? also failed to investigate the unique learning styles and habits of Chinese students regarding classroom question under the context... field. Third, from a practical standpoint, being aware of the differences in terms of cultural traditions and teaching and learning styles, incoming Chinese international students would find better ways to adjust to the American educational...

Chu, Yiting

2012-07-16

477

Questioning the Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical accounts of questioning used in the education process trace back to Socrates. One of the best examples of his use of questioning is found in Plato's "The Republic." Socrates used a series of strategic questions to help his student Glaucon come to understand the concept of justice. Socrates purposefully posed a series of questions to…

Tienken, Christopher H.; Goldberg, Stephanie; DiRocco, Dominic

2010-01-01

478

Student-generated questions during chemistry lectures: Patterns, self-appraisals, and relations with motivational beliefs and achievement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Self-generated questions are a central mechanism for learning, yet students' questions are often infrequent during classroom instruction. As a result, little is known about the nature of student questioning during typical instructional contexts such as listening to a lecture, including the extent and nature of student-generated questions, how students evaluate their questions, and the relations among questions, motivations, and achievement. This study examined the questions undergraduate students (N = 103) generated during 8 lectures in an introductory chemistry course. Students recorded and appraised their question in daily question logs and reported lecture-specific self-efficacy beliefs. Self-efficacy, personal interest, goal orientations, and other motivational self-beliefs were measured before and after the unit. Primary analyses included testing path models, multiple regressions, and latent class analyses. Overall, results indicated that several characteristics of student questioning during lectures were significantly related to various motivations and achievement. Higher end-of-class self-efficacy was associated with fewer procedural questions and more questions that reflected smaller knowledge deficits. Lower exam scores were associated with questions reflecting broader knowledge deficits and students' appraisals that their questions had less value for others than for themselves. Individual goal orientations collectively and positively predicted question appraisals. The questions students generated and their relations with motivational variables and achievement are discussed in light of the learning task and academic context.

Bergey, Bradley W.

479

Heterosexism in High School and Victimization Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Questioning Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships between perceived heterosexism in high school policies and programs, social environments,\\u000a and victimization rates among lesbian, gay, bisexual and questioning (LGBQ) students. Secondary analyses of Internet survey\\u000a data from a large cohort of LGBQ students (N = 2037; 76% male, 82% White; mean age = 16.07; 56% gay or lesbian; 28% bisexual; 16% questioning) yielded moderate correlations\\u000a between perceptions of

Daniel Chesir-Teran; Diane Hughes

2009-01-01

480

An Audience Response System May Influence Student Performance on Anatomy Examination Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study integrated an in-house audience response system (ARS) in the human anatomy course over two years to determine whether students performed better on high-stakes examinations following exposure to similar interactive questions in a large lecture format. Questions in an interactive ARS format were presented in lectures via PowerPoint…

Hoyt, Amy; McNulty, John A.; Gruener, Gregory; Chandrasekhar, Arcot; Espiritu, Baltazar; Ensminger, David; Price, Ron, Jr.; Naheedy, Ross

2010-01-01

481

Three Goals for Teachers: Asking Comprehensible Questions of Language Delayed Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses ideas for teachers to increase successful comprehension of their questions by language delayed students. Three kinds of questioning techniques are described. Most often used by teachers are "WH-words" (e.g., who, what, how). Noun-verb reversal (e.g., Can you come to the group?) follows in amount of usage. The least used…

Luetke-Stahlman, Barbara

482

Experiments Relating Teachers' Use of Higher Cognitive Questions to Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty studies of the effects of teacher questions on student achievement were reviewed. Internal validity of experiments and integrity of treatments were less adequate than population and ecological validity. Whether teachers used predominantly higher cognitive or predominantly fact questions was found to make little difference in achievement.…

Winne, Philip H.

1979-01-01

483

Beyond the Sponge Model: Encouraging Students' Questioning Skills in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that educators should provide students with explicit training in asking critical questions. Describes a training strategy taught in abnormal psychology courses at Bowling Green State University (Ohio). Based on a pre- and post-test, results support the promise of using explicit questioning training in promoting the evaluative aspects of…

Keeley, Stuart M.; Ali, Rahan; Gebing, Tracy

1998-01-01

484

Patterns of Student Mobility among English Language Learner Students in Arizona Public Schools. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2010-No. 093  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from an Arizona Department of Education dataset that includes all students enrolled at an Arizona public school at any time during 2004/05-2007/08, this study looks at three types of student mobility: students who transferred between public schools in Arizona, students who had breaks in enrollment of at least 19 days, and students

Fong, Anthony B.; Bae, Soung; Huang, Min

2010-01-01

485

Patterns of Student Mobility among English Language Learner Students in Arizona Public Schools. Issues & Answers. REL 2010-No. 093  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from an Arizona Department of Education dataset that includes all students enrolled at an Arizona public school at any time during 2004/05-2007/08, this study looks at three types of student mobility: students who transferred between public schools in Arizona, students who had breaks in enrollment of at least 19 days, and students

Fong, Anthony B.; Bae, Soung; Huang, Min

2010-01-01

486

Grammaire francaise pour etudiants americains (French Grammar for American Students): Workbook and Answers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook in French grammar, intended for American college students, provides instruction and practice in French morphology, syntax, vocabulary, punctuation, and language style at the intermediate level. It is also designed to increase or reinforce the students' understanding of English grammar, based on the assumption that American students

Giauque, Gerald S.

487

To Risk or Not to Risk It: Student (Non-)Engagement with Seen Examination Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study explores students' perceptions of seen examination questions about topics not covered by the formal curriculum of a final-year economics module and of the associated group support sessions. Eight semi-structured interviews with a total of 13 students were analysed. Contrary to expectations, learners taking a strategic approach to…

Reimann, Nicola

2011-01-01

488

The top questions to ask your students: Are you going to class?  

E-print Network

The top questions to ask your students: Are you going to class? Skipping class is the #1 reason why students fail. Are you studying at least 25 hrs per week? College is a full time job. You should, science, business, foreign language, study strategies and more. Online tutoring is also an option. Visit

Viola, Ronald

489

Interactions between Classroom Discourse, Teacher Questioning, and Student Cognitive Engagement in Middle School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Classroom discourse can affect various aspects of student learning in science. The present study examines interactions between classroom discourse, specifically teacher questioning, and related student cognitive engagement in middle school science. Observations were conducted throughout the school year in 10 middle school science classrooms using…

Smart, Julie B.; Marshall, Jeff C.

2013-01-01

490

Teacher Questioning to Elicit Students' Mathematical Thinking in Elementary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) researchers have found that while teachers readily ask initial questions to elicit students' mathematical thinking, they struggle with how to follow up on student ideas. This study examines the classrooms of three teachers who had engaged in algebraic reasoning CGI professional development. We detail teachers'…

Franke, Megan L.; Webb, Noreen M.; Chan, Angela G.; Ing, Marsha; Freund, Deanna; Battey, Dan

2009-01-01

491

Student-Generated Content: Enhancing Learning through Sharing Multiple-Choice Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between students' use of PeerWise, an online tool that facilitates peer learning through student-generated content in the form of multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and achievement, as measured by their performance in the end-of-module examinations, was investigated in 5 large early-years science modules (in physics, chemistry…

Hardy, Judy; Bates, Simon P.; Casey, Morag M.; Galloway, Kyle W.; Galloway, Ross K.; Kay, Alison E.; Kirsop, Peter; McQueen, Heather A.

2014-01-01

492

Relationships of General Vocabulary, Science Vocabulary, and Student Questioning with Science Comprehension in Students with Varying Levels of English Proficiency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of general vocabulary knowledge, science vocabulary knowledge, and text based questioning on the science reading comprehension of three types of students who varied in their English language proficiency. Specifically, grade 5 English-Only speakers, English Language Learners in the United States, and students

Taboada, Ana

2012-01-01

493

Respecifying Display Questions: Interactional Resources for Language Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research into teachers' questions has focused on what types of questions are more conducive for developing students' communicative language use. In this regard, "display questions," whose answers the teacher already knows, are considered less effective because they limit opportunities for students to use genuine language use (Long & Sato,…

Lee, Yo-An

2006-01-01

494

UC Berkeley Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Risk Assessment Please answer these questions as honestly as possible. This risk assessment is for your personal use. If you would like to discuss this  

E-print Network

UC Berkeley Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) Risk Assessment Please answer these questions/forms/Patient Self-assessment.doc Why are you interested in STI risk assessment? I am starting or ending a relationship. I may have been exposed to an STI. I have a symptom (or my partner has a symptom). I have

Jacobs, Lucia

495

question_1296796037 — Provocative Questions  

Cancer.gov

If this important question is answered we would be able to develop a highly tailored therapeutic approach for cancers. Actually, inflammatory type of the anti-tumor immune response such as IFN-g can also induce initial tumor inhibition but eventual tumor escape and progression.

496

Opening Discussion Discuss the following questions in small groups  

E-print Network

. Which excerpts would make you feel like the student has a good/poor understanding of the topic? 2. Can: But why is work that? S: Um, why is work that?...Gee, what a good question. Ideas Students have about Discuss the following dialogues between a teacher and a student while answering the following questions: 1

Glashausser, Charles

497

Questioning the Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Well-known historical accounts of questioning used in the education process trace back to Socrates. One of the best examples of his use of questioning is found in Plato's classic work "The Republic" (2003). Today, teachers still use questions as one way to help students develop productive thinking skills and to understand concepts and topics.…

Tienken, Christopher H.; Goldberg, Stephanie; DiRocco, Dominic

2009-01-01

498

Quiet or Questioning? Students' Discussion Behaviors in Student-Centered Education across Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A tool used in student-centered education is discussion among students in small learning groups. The Western origin of student-centered education, coupled with cross-cultural differences in communication styles, may detract from its cross-cultural applicability. This study investigates how in student-centered education, students' cultural…

Frambach, Janneke M.; Driessen, Erik W.; Beh, Philip; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2014-01-01

499

Answer Changing and Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of answer changing on the test scores of students studying educational statistics is investigated. The results show that students who make changes in their original responses significantly improve their overall test performance, and high-scoring students make a greater number of changes than low-scoring students. (Author/GSK)

Penfield, Douglas A.; Mercer, Maryann

1980-01-01

500

The effects of types, quantity, and quality of questioning in improving students' understanding  

E-print Network

Questioning Habit or Skill ..........................78 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background In the year 2000, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) set forth the principle for effective mathematics teaching: ?Effective mathematics... teaching requires understanding what students know and need to learn and then challenging and supporting them to learn it well? (NCTM, 2000, p. 4). Later, NCTM explained how to accomplish this by saying that teachers need to know ?what questions to ask...

Sahin, Alpaslan

2009-05-15