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Sample records for quoteswater watchclose quotes

  1. Defining {open_quotes}proband{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Marazita, M.L.

    1995-10-01

    Bennett et al. presented recommendations of the Pedigree Standardization Task Force of the National Society of Genetic Counselors. As the authors clearly state, the importance of standardized nomenclature is without question for reducing the chances of incorrect interpretation of patient and family information and for facillitating communication between researchers and clinicians involved in genetic family studies. Most of the recommendations are appropriate and allow recording of the complex situations that can result from today`s reproductive and diagnostic technologies. However, there is a problem with the definition presented for {open_quotes}proband{close_quotes}, i.e. the {open_quotes}first affected family member coming to medical attention{close_quotes}. 6 refs.

  2. Chromogravity explains {open_quotes}strong gravity{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Ne`eman, Y. |; Sijacki, D.

    1993-03-01

    In this paper the authors deal with the question of gravitational type interactions in the case of strong interaction phenomena. They present arguments which indicate that it is not necessary to invoke a gravity type interaction into QCD in order to account for observed phenomena. They argue that the gravitational type phenomena discussed in previous work is a manifestation of a class of Feynmann diagrams. These seem to generate an analog to gravity, a J=2 {open_quotes}chromograviton{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}pseudo-graviton{close_quotes} whose action effectively generates Salam`s {open_quotes}Strong Gravity{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}f-gravity{close_quotes}, withthough having to introduce the theory as an additional input.

  3. Inference in {open_quotes}poor{close_quotes} languages

    SciTech Connect

    Petrov, S.

    1996-12-31

    Languages with a solvable implication problem but without complete and consistent systems of inference rules ({open_quote}poor{close_quote} languages) are considered. The problem of existence of a finite, complete, and consistent inference rule system for a {open_quotes}poor{close_quotes} language is stated independently of the language or the rule syntax. Several properties of the problem are proved. An application of the results to the language of join dependencies is given.

  4. {open_quotes}Car Talk{close_quotes}: An autopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Eads, G.C.

    1996-11-01

    {open_quotes}Car Talk{close_quotes} - the Clinton administration`s vehicle for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from passenger cars and light-duty trucks-hit the wall amid charges and countercharges hurled by its frustrated participants. A careful post-mortem reveals lessons that can redeem the process for dealing with future public policy controversies.

  5. Quotes and Anecdotes Spring 2001

    E-print Network

    Lee, Carl

    individual words letter by letter. Also, under no circumstances would I want my first grade child to be taught to read by a teacher who could only read on an elementary school level, or my twelfth grade child tragically close doors of opportunity forever for your students. #12;Quotes and Anecdotes 3 7. Your love

  6. PVC, combustion and {open_quote}dioxins{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Kanters, J.; Louw, R.

    1993-12-31

    The incineration of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) yields {open_quote}dioxins{close_quote}. Important precursors of the dioxins are (poly)ChloroPhenols (CP`s). A lab-scale mini combustion reactor has been constructed, capable of handling representative MSW-samples in a batch-wise manner. Flue gas samples were analyzed for CP`s and HCl. In most MSW the NaCl and PVC are about equally important as contributors to the chlorine load. Representative Dutch MSW was also available separated into 14 different fractions, allowing wide variations in composition. By elimination, replacement and/or enrichment the authors aim to discover which components, or conditions, promote CP-formation (for example by catalysis) and its emission in the flue gases. Some features to be discussed are (1) at a given NaCl load the addition of PVC does not increase the CP level (2) Replacing the original Cl-sources by NaCl + cellulose does not change CP-emission, (3) Where and how are CP`s formed?

  7. Options for human {open_quote}{open_quote}return to the moon{close_quote}{close_quote} using tomorrow{close_quote}s SSTO, ISRU, and LOX-augmented NTR technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Borowski, S.K.

    1996-03-01

    The feasibility of conducting human missions to the Moon is examined assuming the use of three {open_quote}{open_quote}high leverage{close_quote}{close_quote} technologies: (1) a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) launch vehicle, (2) {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital in}-{ital situ}{close_quote}{close_quote} {ital resource} {ital utilization} (ISRU){emdash}specifically {open_quote}{open_quote}lunar-derived{close_quote}{close_quote} liquid oxygen (LUNOX), and (3) LOX-augmented nuclear thermal rocket (LANTR) propulsion. Lunar transportation system elements consisting of a LANTR-powered lunar transfer vehicle (LTV) and a chemical propulsion lunar landing/Earth return vehicle (LERV) are configured to fit within the {open_quote}{open_quote}compact{close_quote}{close_quote} dimensions of the SSTO cargo bay (diameter: 4.6 m/length: 9.0 m) while satisfying an initial mass in low Earth orbit (IMLEO) limit of {approximately}60 t (3 SSTO launches). Using {approximately}8 t of LUNOX to {open_quote}{open_quote}reoxidize{close_quote}{close_quote} the LERV for a {open_quote}{open_quote}direct return{close_quote}{close_quote} flight to Earth reduces its size and mass allowing delivery to LEO on a single 20 t SSTO launch. Similarly, the LANTR engine{close_quote}s ability to operate at any oxygen/hydrogen mixture ratio from 0 to 7 with high specific impulse ({approximately}940 to 515 s) is exploited to reduce hydrogen tank volume, thereby improving packaging of the LANTR LTV{close_quote}s {open_quote}{open_quote}propulsion{close_quote}{close_quote} and {open_quote}{open_quote}propellant modules{close_quote}{close_quote}. Expendable and reusable, piloted and cargo missions and vehicle designs are presented along with estimates of LUNOX production required to support the different mission modes. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  8. Dispersion morphology diagrams for three-phase, [open quotes]microemulsion[close quotes] emulsions. 2. [open quotes]Disappearance[close quotes] of morphology-transition lines

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, G.K. ); Dadyburjor, D.B. ); Smith, D.H. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK )

    1994-11-17

    The limits over which the oil-rich top phase (T), middle-phase microemulsion (M), or water-rich bottom phase (B) is the continuous phase in steady-state, three-phase macroemulsions have been determined by means of electrical conductivity measurements for the amphiphile/oil/[open quotes]water[close quotes] system C[sub 6]H[sub 13](OC[sub 2]H[sub 4])[sub 2]OH/n-tetradecane/aqueous 10 mM NaCl. Measurements were made at three different temperatures and apparent wettability conditions: (a) 45[degrees]C, wetting middle phase; (b) 25[degrees]C, no wetting phase; and (c) 12[degrees]C, wetting bottom phase. The results at 25[degrees]C were in accord with expectations from previous predictions and experiments; but for both two-phase and three-phase emulsions no abrupt, [open quotes]first-order[close quotes] transitions between M- and T-continuous emulsions at 45[degrees]C or between M- and B-continuous emulsions at 12[degrees]C were found. Instead, these changes of continuous phase appeared to occur smoothly and continuously between their respective single-phase and two-phase limits. It is not yet clear if the [open quotes]disappearance[close quotes] of first-order morphology transitions correlates with phase wettability transitions; the phenomenon suggests the possibility of bicontinuous two-phase and three-phase macroemulsions. 31 refs., 11 figs.

  9. Food for thought.. Abraham Lincoln quotes

    E-print Network

    Clement, Prabhakar

    9/14/2011 1 Food for thought.. Abraham Lincoln quotes: "I will prepare and some day my chance will come." "If I had eight hours to chop down a tree, I'd spend six sharpening my axe." Matrices A matrix= 179 486 253. "square" matrix n = m Matrices Index Notation aij = an element of [A] i = row index j

  10. Optimizing performance in a self-conducted {open_quotes}Rightsizing{close_quotes} effort

    SciTech Connect

    Annon, M.C.

    1996-12-31

    The differentiation among {open_quotes}rightsizing,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}downsizing,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}reengineering{close_quotes} has been lost by many organizations. Also, unfortunately of late, the approaches to improved competitiveness and worker productivity are being viewed, by many companies, as neither worth the effort nor achieving the desired results. In some cases, the effort may actually create more negative results. This type of negative perception has been documented in a variety of sources that include the following: (1) less than half the companies reporting improvements in operating profits after the cuts were made, (2) the processes resulting in significantly degraded morale among more than 75% of the employees, (3) less than one-third of organizations reporting improvements in worker productivity, and (4) even Michael Hammer (the reengineering {open_quotes}guru{close_quotes}) believing that more than 50% and maybe as much as 70% of the organizations do not achieve the intended results. This paper describes an integrated organizational review process that was applied within a nuclear utility that did achieve the desired results.

  11. The {open_quotes}Real{close_quotes} crisis of losing nuclear power

    SciTech Connect

    Swenson, L.D.

    1996-12-31

    Many rational arguments can be made to promote the resurgence of nuclear-powered generating facilities. These arguments, however, are often lost on the voters. Voters must be made aware of the life-saving potential of nuclear power. Voters must understand, on a gut level, that if nuclear power is lost as an option for the production of electricity in this country, it will have the impact of {open_quotes}killing babies.{close_quotes} The real crisis associated with the loss of nuclear power production, with which voters can identify in a personal way, will be the loss of the life-saving potential of medical applications of nuclear technology. This personal issue could provide the {open_quotes}hot button{close_quotes} needed to generate broad-based voter support for nuclear power.

  12. Nonabelian Debye screening and the {open_quotes}tsunami{close_quotes} problem

    SciTech Connect

    Pisarski, R.D.

    1997-09-22

    The phenomenon of Debye screening is familiar from electrolytes and many other systems. Recently, it has been recognized that in nonabelian gauge theories at high temperature, even perturbatively Debye screening is much more complicated than in nonrelativistic systems. This was originally derived as {open_quotes}hard thermal loops{close_quotes}. Hard thermal loops have been derived perturbatively, by a semiclassical truncation of the Schwinger-Dyson equations, and by classical kinetic theory. In this talk I give a pedagogical derivation, following that of Kelly, Liu, Lucchesi, and Manuel. The derivation is valid not just for a thermal distribution, but (modulo certain obvious restrictions) for an arbitrary initial distribution of particles. Consider, for example, the {open_quotes}tsunami{close_quotes} problem: suppose that one starts, at time t = 0, with a spatially homogenous, infinite wall of particles, all moving with the same velocity at the speed of light.

  13. Enhanced monitoring rule-{open_quotes}fact or fiction{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, D.D.

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents the direction EPA is taking in relationship to the Enhanced Monitoring Rule of 40 CFR 64. The old Enhanced Monitoring Rule can be discarded. The title of the new rule, called {open_quotes}Compliance Assurance Monitoring{close_quotes}, appears to be nothing like old rule. A change must be called for in the way EPA conducts their rule making process. The following discussion contains the author`s views, suggestions and techniques for implementing such a change.

  14. Separator design and operation: Tools for transferring {open_quotes}Best Practice{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Lawson, P.N.E.; Little, L.M.

    1996-12-31

    Maintaining flexibility in the design of separation systems is a key consideration in coping with the uncertainty in fluid properties, reservoir performance and production profiles. There is an increasing need to improve our understanding of how different separation schemes perform over a range of operating conditions. This paper outlines two recent approaches that BP Exploration have been developing in the area of separator design and operation. The first addresses the need to understand the {open_quote}operating envelope{close_quote} of a separator. In contrast to the conventional method of sizing a separator for a number of design cases, the operating range of a separator can be presented as an operating envelope. This concept will be demonstrated as a potential method for taking account of reservoir uncertainty and as a means of identifying operating flexibility. A parallel development is the construction of a database which captures information on BP Exploration`s Production Separators. In addition to design and current operating data, {open_quote}case histories{close_quote}, incorporating details on retrofits and design changes, are being collected as a means of transferring {open_quote}Best Practice{close_quote} in separator design and operation across the BP Exploration operating Assets world-wide.

  15. {open_quotes}Shift-Betel{close_quotes}: A (very) distributed mainframe

    SciTech Connect

    Segal, B.; Martin, O.; Hassine, F.; Hemmer, F.; Jouanigot, J.M.

    1994-12-31

    Over the last four years, CERN has progressively converted its central batch production facilities from classic mainframe platforms (Cray XMP, IBM, ESA, Vax 9000) to distributed RISC based facilities, which have now attained a very large size. Both a CPU-intensive system ({open_quotes}CSF{close_quotes}, the Central Simulation Facility) and an I/O-intensive system ({open_quotes}SHIFT{close_quotes}, the Scaleable Heterogeneous Integrated Facility) have been developed, plus a distributed data management subsystem allowing seamless access to CERN`S central tape store and to large amounts of economical disk space. The full system is known as {open_quotes}CORE{close_quotes}, the Centrally Operated Risc Environment; at the time of writing CORE comprises around 2000 CERN Units of Computing (about 8000 MIPs) and over a TeraByte of online disk space. This distributed system is connected using standard networking technologies (IP protocols over Ethernet, FDDI and UltraNet), but which until quite recently were only implemented at sufficiently high speed in the Local Area.

  16. Specific heat and transport {open_quotes}anomalies{close_quotes} in mixed alkali glasses

    SciTech Connect

    Green, P.F.; Brow, R.K.; Hudgens, J.J.

    1998-11-01

    We show that changes in the relative mole fractions of Li{sub 2}O and Na{sub 2}O in alkali metaphosphate glasses lead to {open_quotes}anomalies{close_quotes} in the specific heat and structural relaxations. The heat capacity change between the liquid and glassy states, {Delta}c{sub p}(T{sub g}), at the calorimetric glass transition temperature, T{sub g}, exhibits a minimum when the mole fractions of Li{sub 2}O and Na{sub 2}O are comparable. Moreover, systematic changes in the temperature dependence of the viscosity, {eta}, i.e., changes in the {open_quotes}fragility{close_quotes} of the system, accompany these changes in mole fraction. This observed dependence of the {open_quotes}fragility{close_quotes} on the mixed alkali ion composition occurs in the absence of apparent changes in the covalent network connectivity which normally accounts for this behavior in glasses. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

  17. Comment on [open quotes]Nonlocality, counterfactuals, and quantum mechanics[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Stapp, H.P. )

    1999-09-01

    A recent proof [H. P. Stapp, Am. J. Phys. [bold 65], 300 (1997)], formulated in the symbolic language of modal logic, claims to show that contemporary quantum theory, viewed as a set of rules that allow us to calculate statistical predictions among certain kinds of observations, cannot be imbedded in any rational framework that conforms to the principles that (1) the experimenters[close quote] choices of which experiments they will perform can be considered to be free choices, (2) outcomes of measurements are unique, and (3) the free choices just mentioned have no backward-in-time effects of any kind. This claim is similar to Bell[close quote]s theorem, but much stronger, because no reality assumption alien to quantum philosophy is used. The paper being commented on [W. Unruh, Phys. Rev. A [bold 59], 126 (1999)] argues that some such reality assumption has been [open quotes]smuggled[close quotes] in. That argument is examined here and shown, I believe, to be defective. [copyright] [ital 1999] [ital The American Physical Society

  18. The magnetron {open_quotes}threshold voltage{close_quotes} revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Lindsay, P.A.; Esterson, M.; Chen, X.

    1997-02-01

    In view of the revival of interest in high-power magnetrons, an important magnetron parameter called the {ital threshold voltage} has been rederived for both relativistic and nonrelativistic cases using a novel and simplified approach. The main purpose of the paper is to investigate the physical significance of the threshold voltage and to show that, contrary to a long established opinion, no restriction on the amplitude of oscillations is required. In fact, the name itself is a misnomer, since in practice the threshold voltage is an approximate dc anode voltage at which the tube operates when delivering {ital full power}. It is this feature which, in our opinion, makes the threshold voltage so important and useful in practice. A set of numerical computations confirms our analysis and also reveals a form of Lorenz{close_quote}s {open_quotes}butterfly effect{close_quotes} associated with the perceived start of oscillations. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  19. A {open_quotes}community-based{close_quotes} approach to landfill closure

    SciTech Connect

    Sungaila, M.; Fisher, J.

    1995-09-01

    Closure plans for landfill sites are typically developed by landfill owners/operators in conjunction with the appropriate regulatory agency. Often, technical issues are considered first and end use and the needs of the local community are treated as a secondary concern. This can be termed a {open_quotes}top-down{close_quotes} approach. This paper present a case study of closure plan development for the Taro West Quarry Landfill, located in Stoney Creek, Ontario. A {open_quotes}bottom-up{close_quotes}, or {open_quotes}community-based{close_quotes} approach was followed, in which local residents participated early in the closure planning process. Neighbours were allowed to obtain large amounts of information about the site, gained a solid understanding of technical issues, and had influence on decision making. The landfill has been in operation since 1980. The site is licensed to accept solid, non-hazardous industrial waste. Closure plan development began in the mid 1980s with planning for placement of a final cover and end use as a recreational community park. A community liaison committee was subsequently formed in 1992 which included members of the local public, staff from the City of Stoney Creek and provincial regulators, and the owners. By the late 1980s routine monitoring indicated that the wastes produced leachate containing elevated levels of chloride, ammonia, and phenols, and that this had affected local ground and surface water quality in excess of regulatory guidelines. Monitoring also indicated that combustible gas had migrated off-site, under winter conditions, to near a residential subdivision in potentially explosive concentrations. The problems were addressed immediately upon their detection, with the involvement of the community, the City, and the regulators. The prior establishment of good communications with various stakeholders was a key factor in facilitating remedial work.

  20. Investigation of processes in system {open_quotes}uranium-water-oxygen-hydrogen{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Borisov, V.N.; Laptev, N.N.; Akhlyustin, M.A.

    1996-12-31

    The solutions of some kinetic equations of Uranium corrosion in Hydrogen, Oxygen and Water media are obtained. Corrosion processes on a surface of components made of uranium and its alloys depend not only by the surface state (degree of mechanical purity, chemical state, presence and nature of technological or hygienic covers, etc.) but also by presence and parameters of gaseous medium. A lot of interdependent reactions proceed in the system {open_quotes}uranium - hydrogen - water - oxygen{close_quotes}, and their depth and direction depend on initial gaseous medium, temperature, pressure, etc.

  1. A {open_quotes}New{close_quotes} regime for nuclear weapons and materials

    SciTech Connect

    Sutcliffe, W.G.

    1994-02-15

    In this paper, I discuss the principal ideas that I covered in my presentation on December 8, 1993, at the Future of Foreign Nuclear Materials Symposium held by the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. I was asked to discuss issues related to military inventories of plutonium, and I took this opportunity to describe a possible declaratory regime that could encompass military as well as civilian inventories of plutonium. The {open_quote}new{close_quotes} in the title does not imply that the regime discussed here is an original idea. Rather, the regime will be {open_quotes}new,{close_quotes} when it is adopted. The regime proposed here and in other works is one in which all stocks of nuclear weapons and materials are declared. Originally, declarations were proposed as a traditional arms control measure. Here, declarations are proposed to support the prevention of misuse of nuclear weapons and materials, including support for the nonproliferation regime. In the following, I discuss: (1) Worldwide inventories of nuclear weapons and materials, including the fact that military plutonium must be viewed as part of that worldwide inventory. (2) Life cycles of nuclear weapons and materials, including the various stages from the creation of nuclear materials for weapons through deployment and retirement of weapons to the final disposition of the materials. (3) Mechanisms for making declarations. (4) Risks and benefits to be derived from declarations. (5) Possibilities for supporting evidence or verification.

  2. US adopts {open_quote}Wise{close_quote} program to combat global warming

    SciTech Connect

    Herman, P.; Kenchington, H.

    1996-12-31

    Relying on their Yankee ingenuity, some 60 American companies have pledged to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by more than 5 million metric tons by 2000. Inspired by the Clinton administration`s Climate Change Action Plan, companies such as Dupont and General Motors have joined with the Department of Energy and the Environmental Protection Agency to implement voluntary reductions in pollution, say Pamela Herman and Hank Kenchington, co-directors of the Climate Wise Program. {open_quotes}Climate Wise provides a flexible program that encourages industries to put forth their best ideas. The government, in turn, offers companies access to technical information and help in learning from the experience of others,{close_quotes} the authors say. Conservation of resources translates into financial savings as well. In curbing its emissions of greenhouse gases, Dupont {open_quotes}anticipates savings $30 million this year,{close_quotes} say Herman and Kechington. As a result, such cooperative initiatives as Climate Wise boost both the nation`s productivity and competitiveness.

  3. Structural and magnetic properties of {open_quotes}expanded{close_quotes} Mn

    SciTech Connect

    Grigorov, I.L.; Walker, J.C.; Hawley, M.E.; Brown, G.W.; Luett, M.; Fitzsimmons, M.R.

    1998-06-01

    Structural and magnetic properties of {open_quotes}expanded{close_quotes} Mn deposited on (111) oriented fcc noble metals were studied with single-crystal x-ray diffraction and exchange bias measurements. A single peak corresponding to this phase was found at momentum transfer q=2.86{Angstrom}{sup {minus}1} along six equivalent [11{bar 2}] directions of the noble metal substrate. Magnetic hysteresis of the field cooled Fe/Mn bilayers exhibited a characteristic shift along the field axis, indicating antiferromagnetic order in the expanded Mn with T{sub N}{ge}20K. The magnetic and structural data are consistent with understanding the expanded phase as trigonally distorted {alpha}-Mn. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

  4. Is {open_quotes}early commitment{close_quotes} in plan generation ever a good idea?

    SciTech Connect

    Joslin, D.; Pollack, M.E.

    1996-12-31

    Partial-Order Causal Link planners typically take a {open_quotes}least-commitment{close_quotes} approach to some decisions (notably, step ordering), postponing those decisions until constraints force them to be made. However, these planners rely to some degree on early commitments in making other types of decisions, including threat resolution and operator choice. We show why existing planners cannot support full least-commitment decision-making, and present an alternative approach that can. The approach has been implemented in the Descartes system, which we describe. We also provide experimental results that demonstrate that a least-commitment approach to planning can be profitably extended beyond what is done in POCL and similar planners, but that taking a least-commitment approach to every planning decision can be inefficient: early commitment in plan generation is sometimes a good idea.

  5. Report on {open_quotes}audit of internal controls over special nuclear materials{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    The Department of Energy (Department) is responsible for safeguarding a significant amount of plutonium, uranium-233 and enriched uranium - collectively referred to as special nuclear materials - stored in the United States. The Department`s office of Nonproliferation and National Security has overall management cognizance for developing policies for safeguarding these materials, while other Headquarters program offices have {open_quotes}landlord{close_quotes} responsibilities for the sites where the materials are stored, and the Department`s operations and field offices provide onsite management of contractor operations. The Department`s management and operating contractors, under the direction of the Department, safeguard and account for the special nuclear material stored at Department sites.

  6. Mapping the human genome by using {open_quotes}whole genome{close_quotes} radiation hybrids

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, D.R.

    1995-12-31

    An important goal of the Human Genome Project is to construct a map of the human genome at an average resolution of 100 kilobases (kb), which should provide the scientific community with a valuable resource for the localization an isolation of any human DNA sequence of interest. In an effort to complete this map by the projected date of 1998, we have constructed two sets of {open_quotes}whole genome{close_quotes} radiation hybrids. The first set of 83 hamster-human somatic cell hybrids contains human DNA fragments approximately 5 million base pairs in length. Each individual hybrid cell line contains approximately one fifth of the entire human genome. Our mapping results indicate that these whole genome radiation hybrids represent an important resource for constructing the 100 kb map in a timely and cost-effective fashion.

  7. The {open_quotes}Barn Book{close_quotes} on-line

    SciTech Connect

    Christopher, E.; McLane, V.

    1996-12-31

    Experimental nuclear reaction cross-section data are available free of charge through the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC) On-line Service CSISRS database and may be written onto an Output file or viewed on the user`s terminal either in the form of plots or as tabulated data. Evaluated data from the ENDF database may be included on the plots. A recent upgrade allows the user to plot the data in {open_quotes}Barn Book{close_quotes} format. The NNDC on-line system may be accessed via telnet to BNLND2.DNE.BNL.GOV, password NNDC, or through the World Wide Web: http://www.nndc.bnl.gov. First-time users may browse the system using the authorization code GUEST.

  8. Salvaging dipmeters using an oil field {open_quotes}Dinosaur{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Breimayer, A.R.P.; Puzio, L.B.

    1996-09-01

    Although state-of-the-art methods such as 3-D seismic and formation imaging tools are widely used, the advantages of the old standard dipmeter should not be dismissed. Seismic dip is subject to velocity errors, and formation imagers cannot be run in all borehole conditions. The dipmeter offers a relatively low cost, highly effective alternative for defining geologic features. The 60{double_prime}= 100{prime} scale playback of the raw dipmeter data may be an oil field {open_quotes}dinosaur,{close_quotes} but it is also the key to assessing the reliability of a dipmeter. This playback should be used to determine CORRELATION QUALITY, critical to the accuracy of any dipmeter. Computer computation of the raw dipmeter data does not always yield reliable dip information, particularly when dipmeters are run under adverse hole conditions or in complex geology. This data can be often salvaged by optical correlation of the 60{close_quote} playback - the process of manually correlating raw dipmeter resistivity curves to determine the attitude of bedding planes in the subsurface. Problems such as tool noise, tool pulls, and poor pad contact compromise data quality. These problems can be recognized and compensated for using optical correlation. Finally, at the 60{double_prime} scale many formation textures and structural characteristics visible on the formation imaging logs are also discernible on the standard dipmeter traces. We will offer many Gulf Coast examples and some hands-on demonstrations using the 60{double_prime} data, and show improved tadpole plots which result from optical correlation.

  9. A {open_quotes}zero waste{close_quotes} coolant management strategy

    SciTech Connect

    Kennicott, M.A.

    1994-04-01

    In June of 1992 the Waste Minimization Program at Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) began a study to determine the best methods of managing water-based industrial metalworking fluids in the plant`s Tool Manufacturing Shop. The shop was faced with the challenge of managing fluids that could no longer be disposed of in the traditional manner, through the plant`s liquid process waste drains, due to a problem they, were having causing in the Liquid Waste Operations Evaporator. The study`s goal was to reduce the waste coolants being generated and to reduce worker exposure to a serious health risk. Results of this study and those of a subsequent study to determine relative compatibilities of various coolants and metals, led to the application of a {open_quotes}zero waste{close_quotes} machine coolant management program. This program is currently saving the generation of 10,000 gallons of liquid waste annually, has eliminated worker exposure to harmful bacteria and biocides, and should result in extended machine tool life, increased product quality, fewer rejected parts, and decreases labor costs.

  10. Factory of the future: The {open_quotes}whole factory{close_quotes} view

    SciTech Connect

    Harrell, S.

    1995-07-01

    The primary task of a semiconductor factory is to produce integrated circuits of outstanding performance at a steeply declining cost per electronic function delivered. The semiconductor industry over the next decade will need to continue to drive costs down in order to maximize manufacturing productivity in the climate of rising product complexity, equipment cost, and risk. Historically the industry has concentrated on aggressive yield improvement and declining wafer fab cost per cm{sup 2} as the dominant factors for increasing productivity. To continue to be competitive, SEMATECH is extending its focus beyond cost per cm{sup 2} to the more total view of cost per function. SEMATECH is working toward a combination of solutions to meet their manufacturing challenges recognizing that no single solution will provide enough benefit to achieve the productivity gains end users expect. The {open_quotes}whole factory{close_quotes} view is a useful strategic planning tool for defining the future of manufacturing in the semiconductor industry. 3 figs.

  11. Upper stage options for reusable launch vehicle {open_quotes}pop-up{close_quotes} missions

    SciTech Connect

    Eckmann, J.B.; Cotta, R.B.; Matuszak, L.W.; Perkins, D.R.

    1997-01-01

    Suborbital separation of an expendable upper stage from a small, single-stage Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) to transfer spacecraft into Geosynchronous Equatorial Orbit (GEO) was investigated and found to significantly increase spacecraft mass into GEO (over 400{percent}) although operational issues exist. An assessment of propulsion system options for this {open_quotes}Pop-Up{close_quotes} Mission was performed to determine the propellant combinations, stage configurations, and propulsion technologies that maximize spacecraft mass and minimize size. Propellants included earth and space storable combinations, cryogenic LH{sub 2}/LO{sub 2}, and Class 1.3 solids. Stage configurations employing cylindrical metal and overwrapped tanks, isogrid tanks, and toroidal tanks were considered. Non-toxic earth storable propellants provided comparable performance (5{endash}10{percent}) to existing storables while the use of pressure-fed engines gave about 15{percent} lower performance than pump-fed. Solid stage performance was within 5{percent} of existing storable propellants. Stages employing toroidal tanks packaged more efficiently in length constrained RLV payload bays than 4-cylindrical tank configurations, giving up to 30{percent} greater mass into GEO. The use of Extendable Exit Cones (EEC) for length constrained cases resulted in about 5{endash}10{percent} higher stage performance. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. Carnot{close_quote}s theorem as Noether{close_quote}s theorem for thermoacoustic engines

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, E.

    1998-09-01

    Onset in thermoacoustic engines, the transition to spontaneous self-generation of oscillations, is studied here as both a dynamical critical transition and a limiting heat engine behavior. The critical transition is interesting because it occurs for both dissipative and conservative systems, with common scaling properties. When conservative, the stable oscillations above the critical point also implement a reversible engine cycle satisfying Carnot{close_quote}s theorem, a universal conservation law for entropy flux. While criticality in equilibrium systems is naturally associated with symmetries and universal conservation laws, these are usually exploited with global minimization principles, which dynamical critical systems may not have if dissipation is essential to their criticality. Acoustic heat engines furnish an example connecting equilibrium methods with dynamical and possibly even dissipative critical transitions: A reversible engine is shown to map, by a change of variables, to an equivalent system in apparent thermal equilibrium; a Noether symmetry in the equilibrium field theory implies Carnot{close_quote}s theorem for the engine. Under the same association, onset is shown to be a process of spontaneous symmetry breaking and the scaling of the quality factor predicted for both the reversible {ital and irreversible} engines is shown to arise from the Ginzburg-Landau description of the broken phase. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

  13. Identification of mutations by RNA conformational polymorphism {open_quotes}bar code{close_quotes} analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Lenz, H.J.; Danenberg, K.D.; Schnieders, B. |

    1995-11-01

    DNA single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis is widely used for detection of point mutations in clinical specimens. Performing SSCP analysis with cRNA instead of DNA has been shown to improve mutation detection frequency. RNA can exist in numerous metastable conformations, which appear as patterns of bands on nondenaturing electrophoresis gels. Single base mutations can cause not only mobility shifts of major bands, but also loss of some conformations and appearance of new conformations. Unique RNA SSCP patterns associated with specific base sequences in many cases allow visual identification of point mutations. However, in some cases, the RNA SSCP pattern of a single base change in a sequence is not sufficiently different for a positive identification of the mutation. Improvement in the detection capability of RNA SSCP was obtained by adding 3{prime}-deoxy-nucleotides to the transcription reaction. The presence of chain-terminating nucleotides in the transcription reaction formed numerous new RNA fragments, thereby generating complex band patterns ({open_quotes}bar codes{close_quotes}) unique to each RNA sequence. This method was applied to analyzing p53 mutations in patients with colon cancer. 8 refs., 3 figs.

  14. [open quote]Endangered[close quote] salmon: More than just a Northwest hydro problem

    SciTech Connect

    Pfeiffer, D.E. )

    1992-06-01

    In the US, about 600 species of plants and animals are considered threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. One of those, the Snake River sockeye salmon, has been making news in the Pacific Northwest. In November 1991, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) declared Snake River sockeye salmon an endangered species, mandating the creation of a recovery plan that could cost more than $70 million a year. Many in the Northwest believe that the Endangered Species Act has never been applied in a case affecting so large an area or such a wide range of economic interests, including hydropower, agriculture, hatcheries, and commercial and sport fishing. Implications of this listing go far beyond regional economics, though. The way in which the federal government applied the Endangered Species Act in this instance has set a precedent that could affect hydro development throughout the US. The Endangered Species Act must be reauthorized by Congress by late October 1992. As explained in the accompanying story, [open quotes]Reauthorizing the ESA: Many Groups Calling for Change,[close quotes] the majority opinion in the US is that the act needs reform. Reviewing the act and its application in the Pacific Northwest will help members of the US hydro industry understand how hydro developments could be affected.

  15. {open_quotes}Unspecific{close_quotes} X-linked mental retardation: Clinical, genetic and molecular studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ropers, H.H.; Maacel, S. van der; Knoers, N.

    1994-09-01

    Previous linkage studies have assigned a gene for non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation (XMR) to at least 8 different regions on the X-chromosome. The fragile X-syndrome (FRAXA) does not account for more than 40% of all cases; in most XMR families early diagnosis and prevention is not possible. As part of a systematic study into {open_quotes}unspecific{close_quotes} XMR involving more than 30 non-FRAXA families, linkage studies have enabled us to map the respective genes in 4 families to the Xp11.4-q12 interval with peak lod scores around the ALAS2 locus. In three other families, the gene defect could be assigned to the KAL-DMD, DXS424-FRAXAC2 and DSX52-Xqter intervals, respectively. In one of these families, small stature due to growth hormone deficiency was observed as a distinctive clinical feature. Molecular cloning of the breakpoint in a mentally retarded girl with a balanced t(Xq13;13q) translocation has enabled us to isolate an X-chromosomal gene which is disrupted in this patient and is highly expressed in brain. YAC cloning strategies are being employed to clone another XMR gene, which has been identified previously in the vicinity of the CHM locus and genes involved in mentally retarded patients with two different inversions, inv(X)(q21p11) and inv(X)(p21q24), respectively.

  16. Myth-building: The [open quotes]Islamic[close quotes] bomb

    SciTech Connect

    Hoodbhoy, P. )

    1993-06-01

    The [open quotes]Islamic Bomb[close quotes] is roughly understood to be a nuclear weapon aquired for broad ideological reasons--a weapon that supposedly belongs to the Muslim [ital ummah] or community and, as such, is the ultimate expression of Islamic solidarity. Concern about the Islamic bomb is at the heart of the intense effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to Muslim countries. The official justification is a general one: proliferation must be curbed globally. But unofficially, the Islamic bomb gets special attention. The reasons behind this special attention are described in this article. The reasons include fear of terrorism, of a [ital jihad] willing to indiscriminately use nuclear weapons in hope of a reward in the Hereafter, and of the transfer of nuclear arms from nuclear to non-nuclear Muslim countries in times of crisis. Possibilities for controlling the proliferation of nuclear weapons in Muslim countries are addressed. Reasons are cited as to why various Muslim countries wish to acquire nuclear weapons.

  17. Stored Guthrie cards as DNA [open quotes]Banks[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    McEwen, J.E.; Reilly, P.R. )

    1994-07-01

    Recently there has been much discussion about the possibility of using dried blood spots on Guthrie cards as a source of DNA for research or testing purposes. The collections of Guthrie cards stored by state newborn-screening laboratories can thus be viewed as inchoate [open quotes]DNA banks[close quotes]. This has generated concern among some persons who are interested in preserving the privacy of medical records. This study examines the policies of state newborn-screening laboratories in the United States, regarding their retention of Guthrie cards and the degree to which they permit the sharing of those cards with various third parties. The authors found that although most laboratories retain their cards, if at all, for only a short time, a growing number plan to keep them for an extended period-and, in several cases, indefinitely. They also found that although most laboratories would decline to release individually identifiable blood spots from the cards to third parties without a written release or other explicit authorization, a large number would at least consider sharing anonymous cards for research purposes. 10 refs., 2 tabs.

  18. {open_quotes}Accelerators and beams,{close_quotes} a multimedia tutorial

    SciTech Connect

    Silbar, R.R.

    1997-02-01

    We are developing a computer-based tutorial for charged-particle beam optics under a grant from the DOE. This subject is important to the DOE not only for its use in providing basic research tools but because the physics is the underpinning for accelerators used in industry and medicine. The tutorial, which will be delivered on Macintosh and Windows platforms, uses multimedia techniques to enhance the student{close_quote}s rate of learning and length of retention of the material. As such, it integrates our interactive On-Screen Laboratories{trademark} with hypertext, line drawings, photographs, animation, video, and sound. We are targeting an audience from technicians to graduate students in science and engineering. At this time we have about a fourth of the material (about equivalent to a one-semester three-credit-hour upper under-graduate physics course) available in prototype form. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  19. The restructuring and future of {open_quotes}Mendelian Inheritance in Man{close_quotes} (MIM)

    SciTech Connect

    Pearson, P.L.; Francomano, C.; Antonarakis, S.

    1994-09-01

    Victor McKusick`s catalog {open_quotes}Mendelian Inheritance in Man{close_quotes} represents the most comprehensive compendum of human genetic disease information available today and has appeared as a series in book form for the last 30 years. The 11th edition will contain almost 7000 entries: approximately 2800 descriptions of human genetic disorders, 700 combined disorder/gene descriptions and 3500 pure gene descriptions. Until recently the content of the catalogs was maintained solely by McKusick with a support staff. However, a distributed editing system has now been established with the following primary components. New entries are initiated in Baltimore by science writers under the guidance of the senior editors and McKusick, following which the information is made immediately available to the public through online access. The subject editors can then review and edit the new or modified information without impeding the timeliness of entering new information. Entries are being reconstructured so that clinical disorder and gene information is divided into separate entries which will better represent the frequently complex relationship of gene mutations to individual clinical disorders in the data files. Further, each entry is being subdivided into logical topics which will enhance the power of electronic searching, making links between topics and improving readability. The old division of entries into autosomal dominant and recessive, etc., is being abandoned in favor of clinical disorder (phenotypes) and gene catalogs. The information is maintained in an SGML format which facilitates the production of many different types of output varying from the traditional book form to CD ROMs and various online formats including IRx, WAIS, Gopher and World Wide Web. This latter offers the exciting possibility of making hypertext links between entries and other data resources, including photographic, sound and video clips as part of the total MIM information.

  20. Chaos and [open quotes]bursting[close quotes] in the planetary boundary layer

    SciTech Connect

    ReVelle, D.O. )

    1993-07-01

    A theoretical study of the intermittent breakdowns of the planetary boundary layer (PBL) has been carried out using a one-dimensional, [open quotes]flat[close quotes] terrain, PBL model of the type originally developed by A.K. Blackadar. It was found that the turbulent burst effects predominate in the lowest tens of meters of the PBL where an alternation between successive regimes of laminar and turbulent flow drive either rapid cooling or rapid heating, respectively, of the near-surface air temperature under certain conditions. This rather discontinuous change for the air temperature occurs with variable amplitudes at irregular intervals depending critically on the specified surface aerodynamic roughness length, the prevailing geostrophic wind, the magnitude of the radiation cooling with respect to the soil and its thermal properties, etc. For an aerodynamic roughness length of 1 m, collapse was found to occur within only a very narrow range of geostrophic winds (between 1.5 and 3 ms[sup [minus]1], with a maximum response in the air temperature changes occurring at about 2 m s[sup [minus]1]). This sensitivity can help explain why some reports of the phenomenon are common at some locations while not nearly as common as others, depending on the strength of the prevailing geostrophic wind speed and on its direction at a given location during the year. The increased levels of ozone that are commonly found following the breakdown of the nocturnal PBL make the solution to this problem not only a fundamental one for fluid mechanics, but also one of great interest to air pollution research. The aperiodicity of the turbulent bursts and their extreme sensitivity to the initial conditions of the forcing is suggestive of the fact that the PBL can at times behave as a deterministic chaotic system. 34 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  1. [open quotes]Passing the test[close quotes] - Human behavior and California's smog check program

    SciTech Connect

    Lawson, D.R. )

    1993-12-01

    We have analyzed data obtained from more than 11,000 vehicles inspected in California's random roadside surveys to assess the real-world characteristics of the in-use motor vehicle fleet and to test the effectiveness of California's inspection and maintenance (I/M) program. The low-idle emissions data from these surveys show that 10 percent of the fleet are responsible for about 60 percent of the exhaust hydrocarbons and also that 10 percent of the fleet (not necessarily the same vehicles) are responsible for about 60 percent of the carbon monoxide emissions. We also show that high emitters appear among all model years, and not just among old vehicles, as previously assumed. Old vehicles, on average, have higher idle emissions than new vehicles, but they contribute relatively little to the total idle emissions because there are so few on the road. We compare roadside survey results at I/M and non-I/M locations in California, and observe identical tampering and overall failure rates at the two types of locations. We also show that motorists are taking steps to [open quotes]pass the test,[close quotes] and that the high-emitting vehicles' idle-emissions performance and tampering rates in the roadside surveys are unaffected by the Smog Check test. These results imply that success in California's Smog Check program in reducing emissions will require consideration of human behavior and the attendant negative incentives inherent in the program as historically conceived. 29 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. From hyperons to applied optics: {open_quotes}Winston Cones{close_quotes} during and after ZGS era

    SciTech Connect

    Swallow, E.C.

    1994-12-31

    This paper discusses developments in light collection which had their origin in efforts to construct high performance gas Cerenkov detectors for precision studies of hyperon beta decays at the ZGS. The resulting devices, know generally as {open_quotes}compound parabolic concentrators,{close_quotes} have found applications ranging from nuclear and particle physics experiments to solar energy concentration, instrument illumination, and understanding the optics of visual receptors. Interest in these devices and the ideas underlying them stimulated the development of a substantial new subfield of physics: nonimaging optics. This progression provides an excellent example of some ways in which unanticipated - and often unanticipatable - applied science and {open_quotes}practical{close_quotes} devices naturally emerge from first-rate basic science. The characteristics of this process suggest that the term {open_quotes}spinoff{close_quotes} commonly used to denote it is misleading and in need of replacement.

  3. MEMORABLE SPOKEN QUOTE CORPORA OF TED PUBLIC SPEAKING , Sakriani Sakti

    E-print Network

    Duh, Kevin

    MEMORABLE SPOKEN QUOTE CORPORA OF TED PUBLIC SPEAKING Fajri Koto , Sakriani Sakti , Graham Neubig public speaking. Memorable quotes are interesting and useful words which usually contain generic pearls TED public speaking. Specifically, we utilize 899 video files of TED Talks and more than 2000 speech

  4. Coal air turbine {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} program, Invention 604. Third quarter project report, April 1995--June 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Foster-Pegg, R.W.

    1995-07-31

    The primary objective of this {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} project is to complete a conceptual design of this unique new combination of existing technology with cost estimates to show that the {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} system offers the economic incentive with low technical risk for a plant to be built which will demonstrate its viability. The technologies involved in the components of a {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} plant are proven, and the integration of the components into a complete plant is the only new development activity involved. Industry and the Federal General Services Administration (GSA), require the demonstration of a {open_quotes}commercial plant{close_quotes} before the viability of a new concept is accepted. To satisfy this requirement and construction of a plant of commercially viable size in excess of 15 MW if cogeneration and above 30 MW if all power, is proposed. This plant will produce economical power and heat for the owner. The plant will operate a full commercial life and continue as an operating demonstration of the viability of the technology, gathering long term life and maintenance data, all adding to the credibility of the concept.

  5. New calculation schemes for the {open_quotes}building-base{close_quotes} system in conditions of collapsing loess soils

    SciTech Connect

    Mezherovskii, V.A.

    1994-05-01

    New calculation schemes are suggested for the {open_quotes}building-loess collapsing base{close_quotes} system, with the help of which it is possible to obtain values of the forces and movements occurring in a building as a result of collapses of bases that are close to the real ones in the nature of moistening and deformations of loess strata.

  6. The dolomitized{open_quotes}O{close_quotes} Limestone in the Barinas basin: A hydrocarbon reservoir in carbonate rocks

    SciTech Connect

    Aquino, R.; Boujana, M.

    1996-08-01

    The {open_quotes}O{close_quotes} Limestone Member, top of Escandalosa Formation of a Lower to Upper Cretaceous age, is an interval of about 70 feet thick. It represents a coastal facies of caitonate platform; dominated by carbonates of calcarenitic lithologies intercalated with some sandy, glauconitic, calcareous bodies and thin bioturbated shaly intervals. Detailed studies carried out in five cores yield to a new approach and subdivision within this interval based on diagnostic erosive surfaces that may be interpreted as sequence boundaries. Based on sedimentology, trace fossil assemblages and diagenetic events, the milieu of sedimentation varies from foreshore to offshore. Porous dolomite levels occur within the {open_quotes}O{close_quotes} Limestone. This porosity is of intergranular, moldic and vuggy types. Some microfractures are also observed. Subaerial karstification is an alternative hypothesis that can explain the origin of the localized dolomitized vuggy reservoirs. The following sequence of events is suggested: (1) Sedimentation followed by bioturbation, then lithification with a probable replacement of aragonite by calcite, (2) Early dolomitization undergoing the {open_quotes}mixing{close_quote} or {open_quotes}Dorag {close_quotes} Model, (3) Dedolomitization and dissolution generating a moldic porosity enhanced the vuggy forms. This stage may have been influenced by karst processes, (4) Burial diagenesis accompanied by stylolitization and fracturation with pressure-solution effects, and (5) Some levels increase their porosity because of partial dolomitization; in others the vuggy porosity is totally infilled with sparry calcite.

  7. {open_quotes}Balanced{close_quotes} karyotypes in six abnormal offspring of balanced reciprocal translocation normal carrier parents

    SciTech Connect

    Wenger, S.L.; Steele, M.W.; Boone, L.Y.

    1995-01-02

    Among 6800 consecutive blood samples studies for clinical cytogenetic diagnosis, we identified 30 families in which one parent of the proband had a balanced reciprocal autosomal translocation (excluding Robertsonian rearrangements). Twenty-eight of the 30 families had a malformed and/or mentally retarded proband: 19 with an unbalanced derived chromosome, 3 with abnormalities involving chromosomes other than those in the translocation, 5 with a {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} reciprocal translocation, and 1 with a normal karyotype. We hypothesize that a latter 6 affected probands with {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} karyotypes could be abnormal due to submicroscopic deletions and duplications as was originally suggested by Jacobs. Particularly in these 6 families, 83% of translocation breakpoints were associated with fragile sites, more than expected by chance (P < 0.025). This supports the report of an association between fragile sites and constitutional chromosome breakpoints by Hecht and Hecht. To explain these findings, we propose that autosomal fragile sites are unstable areas which predispose to breaks and unequal crossing over near the fragile site breakpoints creating minute duplications and deletions. Consequently, newborn infants inheriting a seemingly {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} karyotype from a normal parent with a balanced reciprocal translocation may still be at an increased risk of being malformed and/or developmentally delayed because of submicroscopic chromosomal imbalances. 19 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Selecting Solar. Insights into Residential Photovoltaic (PV) Quote Variation

    SciTech Connect

    Davidson, Carolyn; Margolis, Robert

    2015-10-01

    This analysis leverages available data from EnergySage, an online solar marketplace, to offer the first data-driven characterization of quote variation faced by prospective PV customers, lending early insight into the decisions customers face once they have initial buy-in.

  9. Quotable Quotes on the Value of Language Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Language Association Bulletin, 1974

    1974-01-01

    Quotations about the importance of and need for foreign language teaching and learning by well-known U. S. politicians, college and university presidents, religious leaders, and government officials are presented. Those quoted include: (1) J. M. Leslie; (2) E. Nyquist; (3) J. M. Hester; (4) C. B. Saunders; (5) L. White, Jr.; (6) H. Humphrey; (7)…

  10. Racist Quotes from Persons of Note, Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fikes, Robert, Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Offers racist quotes about Blacks, Jews, Hispanics, Asians, Italians, Poles, and others, from famous persons such as John Wayne, Woodrow Wilson, William F. Buckley, Richard Wagner, Jesse Helms, Sam Rayburn, Walter Lippman, Jack London, Paul Lynde, Theodore Roosevelt, Frank Sinatra, Errol Flynn, Ezra Pound, Richard M. Nixon, and Ronald Reagan. (BJV)

  11. Final report for LDRD project {open_quotes}A new approach to protein function and structure prediction{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, C.A.

    1997-03-01

    This report describes the research performed under the laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) grant {open_quotes}A new approach to protein function and structure prediction{close_quotes}, funded FY94-6. We describe the goals of the research, motivate and list our improvements to the state of the art in multiple sequence alignment and phylogeny (evolutionary tree) construction, but leave technical details to the six publications resulting from this work. At least three algorithms for phylogeny construction or tree consensus have been implemented and used by researchers outside of Sandia.

  12. The {open_quotes}Command and Control{close_quotes} philosophy of the Communist party of China

    SciTech Connect

    Kominiak, G.J.; Eisenberger, J.C.; Menaul, K.L.

    1996-01-01

    China`s central political authorities have constructed a system which is designed to enable them to exert their personal influence and control over each level of every organization in the country -- both civil and military. The Communist Party of China (CPC) is represented at all levels of each and every organization, including the People`s Liberation Army (PLA). These Party entities are intended to both provide oversight and to ensure that Party policies, directives and orders are obeyed. This penchant for political control, which may have its roots in China`s imperial past, appears to have been reinforced by the early developmental path chosen by the Party`s leadership. Current attempts aimed at maintaining political control of its resources, especially the military, are embodied in the formal system of {open_quotes}Political Work.{close_quotes} In the PLA, this system of political control results in the involvement of political organs in day-to-day military matters to an extent unheard of in the West. Further work is needed in order to understand, more fully, both the system of {open_quotes}Political Work{close_quotes} and its contributions to the overall military (and civil) command and control philosophic of the Communist Party of China.

  13. Deposition of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} radon daughters in models of human nasal and oral airways

    SciTech Connect

    Strong, J.C.; Swift, D.L.

    1992-12-31

    In order to estimate accurately an effective dose equivalent for exposures to radon daughters, knowledge of their deposition in the lung is required. However, the nose and mouth are effective filters for removing aerosol particles, especially in the range of sizes of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} radon daughters. Therefore, it is equally important to have reliable data on deposition in this region of the respiratory tract. We will describe our work in studying nasal and oral deposition of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} radon daughters in casts of these airways. Several hollow casts of adult and child nasal and oral airways were fabricated at The John Hopkins University from layers of Perspect{trademark} (an acrylic plastic). The shapes of the airway passages were obtained from nuclear magnetic resonance sectional images of healthy subjects. The casts were exposed to radon gas and daughters produced by flushing filtered air through a commercially available {sup 226}Ra source. The gas stream was drawn through a 1.4-L cylindrical tube to allow measurable growth of {sup 218}Po activity before it was passed through casts of both nasal passages or the oral cavity. The deposition of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} {sup 218}Po was measured by comparing the activity collected on filters mounted in series and in parallel with a cast. Measurements were made at various flow rates (Q; 4 to 20 L min{sup -1}). The diffusion coefficient (D) of {sup 218}Po was measured each time the flow rate was changed, by replacing the cast with a stainless steel gauze screen and measuring the activity penetrating the screen. The measured diffusion coefficient ranged from 0.02 to 0.05 cm{sup 2} s{sup -1} and was found to vary with the residence time of {sup 218}Po in the growth tube. The deposition efficiency ({eta}) of {sup 218}Po measured in these casts ranged from 50 to 70%, and was similar to values we found previously, using casts of nasal and oral airways from cadavers.

  14. Preparative purification of Trichoderma reesei native and {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} cellobiohydrolase I by electrophoresis and chromatofocusing

    SciTech Connect

    Offord, D.A.; Lee, N.E.; Woodward, J.

    1991-12-31

    The enzymes present in the cellulose complex produced by the fungus Trichoderma reesei have been the subject of considerable attention in consequence of their potential for converting cellulosic materials into glucose for further use in fermentation processes. Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I) is the major component of crude commercial fungal cellulose preparations and catalyzes the conversion of insoluble cellulose into cellobiose. The primary structure of CBH I is known, and its tertiary structure, deduced from small-angle X-ray scattering studies, takes the shape of a tadpole with a catalytic head region known as {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} CBH I and a C-terminal cellulose-binding tail region. Removal of the tail can be accomplished with the protease papain, resulting in reduced activity towards insoluble substrates but unchanged activity towards soluble substrates.

  15. Integrated analysis of the {open_quotes}sponge iron reactor and fuel cell system{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Lehrhofer, J.; Ghaemi, M.; Wernigg, H.

    1996-12-31

    The system Sponge Iron Reactor/Fuel Cell (SIR/FC) is investigated from the ecological and technical aspects and also the pre-conversion energy chain as a part of the natural gas fuel cycle is analyzed. What are the decisive characteristics of a sponge iron reactor or the basic process cycle sponge iron/hydrogen/iron oxide? This process cycle offers a simple possibility to store the energy of synthesis gases in the form of sponge iron and at the same time to reform and condition these synthesis gases. As {open_quote}product{close_quote} of this energy storage one receives pure hydrogen which is intended for the running of fuel cells.

  16. Installation effects on multi-path ultrasonic flow meters: The {open_quote}ULTRAFLOW{close_quote} project

    SciTech Connect

    Bloemendaal, K. van; Kam, P.M.A. van der

    1995-12-31

    {open_quote}ULTRAFLOW{close_quote} was a Joint Industry Project aimed at establishing the effect of installation conditions on multi-path ultrasonic flow meters. An extensive test series was performed at 5 test facilities on 6 inch and 12 inch meters operating on natural gas at pressures from 10 to 60 bar. All test facilities and procedures are reviewed by an independent international Quality Assessment Team, comprising experts from legal metrological authorities, to ensure that the work was appropriate to support International Standards activity. This paper is a condensed version of the projects final report describing the project and test results. The tests in ideal flow conditions pay attention to meter stability and effects of signal averaging and pressure. From the error shifts in the tests with upstream disturbances (1 or 2 bends, step changes in pipe diameter and pressure reduction) values for uncertainties due to the presence of these disturbances are proposed.

  17. Absence of {lambda} immunoglobulin sequences on the supernumerary chromosome of the {open_quotes}cat eye{close_quotes} syndrome

    SciTech Connect

    Hough, C.A.; White, B.N.; Holden, J.J.A.

    1995-09-11

    The supernumerary bisatellited chromosome causing the {open_quotes}cat eye{close_quotes} syndrome (CES) is of chromosome 22 origin and consists of an inverted duplication of the 22pter{r_arrow}22q11.2 region. To determine the extent of involvement of band q11.2 on the bisatellited chromosome, copy number assessment of sequences homologous to cloned {lambda} immunoglobulin ({lambda} Ig) gene region probes was carried out on DNA from individuals with CES using densitometric analysis of Southern blots. None of the 10 {lambda} Ig sequences studied was found in increased copy number in DNA from any of the 10 CES individuals tested, indicating that these sequences are not present on the supernumerary chromosome. The breakpoints involved in the generation of the bisatellited supernumerary chromosome associated with CES are therefore proximal to the {lambda} Ig gene region. 20 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

  18. {open_quotes}Full steam ahead{close_quotes} (a historical review of geothermal power development in the Philippines)

    SciTech Connect

    Gazo, F.M.

    1997-12-31

    The Philippine geothermal energy development is now considered in a state of maturity. After more than 20 years of geothermal experience, the total geothermal installed capacity in the Philippines reached 1,455 MW (1996) or about 12% of the total installed power plant capacity. This also enabled the Philippines to become the second largest producer of geothermal energy in the world. The country`s track record in harnessing geothermal energy is considered a revelation, as it continues with its vision of {open_quotes}full steam ahead{close_quotes}, originally conceived when commercial geothermal operation started in 1973. It is thus proper and timely to refer to historical highlights and experiences in geothermal energy development for planning and implementation of the country`s geothermal energy program.

  19. Morphologies of emulsions of conjugate phase pairs of amphiphile/oil/water {open_quotes}microemulsion{close_quotes} tie triangles

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.H.; Nwosu, S.N.; Johnson, G.K.

    1992-04-01

    Electrical conductivity measurements were made on emulsions formed, respectively, from the conjugate top-middle, top-bottom, and middle-bottom phase pairs that define the three sides of various nonionic amphiphile/oil/water {open_quotes}microemulsion{close_quotes} tie triangles. Effective-medium conductivity models and observations of creaming behavior were used to substantiate assignments of steady-state emulsion morphologies. The phase volume fractions at which morphology changes occurred were measured for both directions along each tie line, and the hysteresis was obtained as the difference between the volume fractions for the two directions. The results support the dispersion morphology diagram previously postulated, including the formation of mixtures of emulsions whose morphologies are the inverse of each other. 31 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  20. Report on {open_quotes}inspection of human subject research in intelligence and intelligence-related projects{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    1996-01-16

    Executive Order 12333, {open_quotes}United States Intelligence Activities,{close_quotes} (1) designates the Department`s intelligence element as a member of the Intelligence Community, and (2) states that no agency within the Intelligence community shall sponsor, contract for or conduct research on human subjects except in accordance with guidelines issued by the Department of Health and Human Services. The Federal policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, which was based on Department of Health and Human Services regulations, was promulgated in Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 745 by the Department of Energy. The purpose of this inspection was to review the internal control procedures used by the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security to manage selected intelligence and intelligence-related projects that involve human subject research.

  1. Experiences with maintaining containment {open_quotes}street clothes{close_quotes} clean at Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station

    SciTech Connect

    Kay, D.

    1995-11-01

    At TU Electric`s Comanche Peak Steam Electric Station (CPSES) much effort has been put into Decontaminating the Reactor Containment Building during outages with the objective of maintaining areas outside of the bioshield clean to allow access without protective clothing. The purpose of this paper is to describe the philosophy for maintaining Containment as a non-contaminated area and the resulting benefits (tangible and intangible) problems (real and perceived). If you are looking for a black and white cost justification, you will not find it here. Although some tangible economic benefits will be shown, it is not believed that maintaining containment clean can be justified solely on a cost-benefit basis. So, why do it? The answer is simple. {open_quotes}It is simply a matter of what message you want to send to the Radiation workers,{close_quotes} said Robert Prince, the former Radiation Protection Manager at CPSES and driving force behind the clean containment initiative. {open_quotes}The message is that radioactive contamination and contaminated areas are not acceptable in our plant.{close_quotes} If containment can be maintained clean, then it is believed that any area in the plant can be maintained in the same fashion. Then the overall benefits to the plant are obvious. A second factor supporting the clean containment philosophy relates to housekeeping and material condition of the plant. Many plants are currently realizing the benefits to plant operations and NRC and INPO performance ratings resulting om proved housekeeping and material condition of the plant. In the CPSES Radiation Protection Department, it is believed that minimizing contaminated areas, including those in containment, is consistent with the current industry trends toward improved material condition.

  2. Selecting Solar: Insights into Residential Photovoltaic (PV) Quote Variation

    SciTech Connect

    Davidson, Carolyn; Margolis, Robert

    2015-10-01

    Before investing in a system, a prospective PV customer must not only have initial concept 'buy in,' but also be able to evaluate the tradeoffs associated with different system parameters. Prospective customers might need to evaluate disparate costs for each system attribute by comparing multiple bids. The difficulty of making such an evaluation with limited information can create a cognitive barrier to proceeding with the investment. This analysis leverages recently available data from EnergySage, an online solar marketplace, to offer the first data-driven characterization of quote variation faced by prospective PV customers, lending early insight into the decisions customers face once they have initial buy-in.

  3. Ulysses observations of a {open_quotes}density hole{close_quotes} in the high-speed solar wind

    SciTech Connect

    Riley, P.; Gosling, J.T.; McComas, D.J.; Forsyth, R.J.

    1998-02-01

    Ulysses observations at mid and high heliographic latitudes have revealed a solar wind devoid of the large variations in density, temperature, and speed that are commonly observed at low latitudes. One event, however, observed on May 1, 1996, while Ulysses was located at {approximately}3.7AU and 38.5{degree}, stands out in the plasma data set. The structure, which is unique in the Ulysses high-latitude data set, is seen as a drop in proton density of almost an order of magnitude and a comparable rise in proton temperature. The event lasts {approximately}3(1)/(2) hours giving the structure a size of {approximately}9.6{times}10{sup 6}km (0.06 AU) along the spacecraft trajectory. Minimum variance analysis of this interval indicates that the angle between the average magnetic field direction and the minimum variance direction is {approximately}92{degree}, suggesting that the {open_quotes}density hole{close_quotes} may be approximated by a series of planar slabs separated by several tangential discontinuities. We discuss several possible explanations for the origin of this structure, but ultimately the origin of the density hole remains unknown. {copyright} 1998 American Geophysical Union

  4. The making of a successful seminar: Pacific Northwest Laboratory`s {open_quotes}Quest for Quality{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Lumetta, C.C.; Downs, S.L.; Parnell, K.A.; Allen, R.E.

    1994-10-01

    Five contractors located on or near the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State support technical communications staffs, all trying to meet the needs of one primary customer the U.S. Department of Energy. Historically, these staffs have maintained different processes and standards with regard to document production, and little interaction or information-sharing has occurred. To begin remedying that situation, the communications staff of Pacific Northwest Laboratory, a multiprogram national laboratory located in Richland, Wash., planned and hosted a one-day {open_quotes}Quest for Quality{close_quotes} seminar. The seminar was the first of its kind to comprise technical communications professionals from all the local DOE prime contractors, including technical editors and writers, publications assistants, text processors, and document production staff. The goals of the seminar were to identify ways to improve the quality of Hanford`s communication products and processes, to strengthen ties among technical communications staffs, and to open the lines of communication for future collaborative efforts. An eight-person committee selected topics, arranged facilities, recruited speakers, coordinated activities, hosted the seminar, and prepared proceedings.

  5. {open_quotes}Airborne Research Australia (ARA){close_quotes} a new research aircraft facility on the southern hemisphere

    SciTech Connect

    Hacker, J.M.

    1996-11-01

    {open_quotes}Airborne Research Australia{close_quotes} (ARA) is a new research aircraft facility in Australia. It will serve the scientific community of Australia and will also make its aircraft and expertise available for commercial users. To cover the widest possible range of applications, the facility will operate up to five research aircraft, from a small, low-cost platform to medium-sized multi-purpose aircraft, as well as a unique high altitude aircraft capable of carrying scientific loads to altitudes of up to 15km. The aircraft will be equipped with basic instrumentation and data systems, as well as facilities to mount user-supplied instrumentation and systems internally and externally on the aircraft. The ARA operations base consisting of a hangar, workshops, offices, laboratories, etc. is currently being constructed at Parafield Airport near Adelaide/South Australia. The following text reports about the current state of development of the facility. An update will be given in a presentation at the Conference. 6 figs.

  6. Pulling the [open quotes]reverse trigger[close quotes]: A way to define local competition. [Competition among Public Utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Barnich, T.L.; Clausen, C.L.

    1994-06-15

    The communications convergence, brought about largely by the digitalization revolution, is now moving in a double helix through the horizontal telecommunications hierarchy. Competition for customer premises is aspiring upward toward the competition that is spiraling downward from the long-distance market. The competitive-access market is growing rapidly. MCI Metro, MCI/Nextel, and AT T/McCaw are poised to reach down into the traditionally [open quotes]local[close quotes] markets through wires and airwaves alike. Even the electric utilities are building persuasive business cases and regulatory arguments to transform their erstwhile internal communications systems, conduits, and rights-of-way into commercial networks offering cable TV, multimedia, Personal Communications Service (PCS), and alternative telephony services. The four principles in developing a regulatory standard should be: create standards that ease regulatory babysitting, recognize the relationship between the costs of regulatory compliance and building the networks, minimize transaction costs, and let the networks begin to grow now, without time and energy being spent on gaming the regulatory system.

  7. Belgian experience in applying the {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} concept to the primary loop piping

    SciTech Connect

    Gerard, R.; Malekian, C.; Meessen, O.

    1997-04-01

    The Leak Before Break (LBB) concept allows to eliminate from the design basis the double-ended guillotine break of the primary loop piping, provided it can be demonstrated by a fracture mechanics analysis that a through-wall flaw, of a size giving rise to a leakage still well detectable by the plant leak detection systems, remains stable even under accident conditions (including the Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE)). This concept was successfully applied to the primary loop piping of several Belgian Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) units, operated by the Utility Electrabel. One of the main benefits is to permit justification of supports in the primary loop and justification of the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel and internals in case of a Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in stretch-out conditions. For two of the Belgian PWR units, the LBB approach also made it possible to reduce the number of large hydraulic snubbers installed on the primary coolant pumps. Last but not least, the LBB concept also facilitates the steam generator replacement operations, by eliminating the need for some pipe whip restraints located close to the steam generator. In addition to the U.S. regulatory requirements, the Belgian safety authorities impose additional requirements which are described in details in a separate paper. An novel aspect of the studies performed in Belgium is the way in which residual loads in the primary loop are taken into account. Such loads may result from displacements imposed to close the primary loop in a steam generator replacement operation, especially when it is performed using the {open_quote}two cuts{close_quotes} technique. The influence of such residual loads on the LBB margins is discussed in details and typical results are presented.

  8. Orex based {open_quotes}point of generation{close_quotes} low-level radioactive waste reduction program

    SciTech Connect

    Haynes, B.

    1995-11-01

    Nuclear power facilities, both commercial and government operated, generate material called Dry Active Waste (DAW). DAW is a by-product of maintenance and operation of the power systems which contain radioactive materials. DAW can be any material contaminated with radioactive particles as long as it is not a fluid, typically: paper, cardboard, wood, plastics, cloth, and any other solid which is contaminated and determined to be dry. DAW is generated when any material is exposed to loose radioactive particles and subsequently becomes contaminated. In the United States, once a material is contaminated it must be treated as radioactive waste and disposed of in accordance with the requirements of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Problems facing all commercial and non-commercial nuclear facilities are escalating costs of processing DAW and volumetric reduction of the DAW generated. Currently, approximately 85% of all DAW generated at a typical facility is comprised of anti-contamination clothing and protective barrier materials. A typical 800 megawatt power station will generate between 6,000 to 10,000 cubic feet of DAW annually. Facilities that generate low-level radioactive waste need to dramatically reduce their waste volumes. This curtailment is required for several reasons: (1). The number of radioactive waste repositories now accepting new waste is limited. (2). The current cost of burial at an operating dump site is significant. Costs can be as high as $4,000 for a single 55 gallon drum. (3). The cost of burial is constantly increasing. (4). Onsite storage of low-level radioactive waste is costly and results in a burial fee at plant decommissioning. In order to address this issue, the industry must look to the application of {open_quotes}point of generation{close_quotes} technologies.

  9. Air pollutant emissions from MSW landfills - the {open_quotes}sleeper{close_quotes} issue for landfill design and regulation

    SciTech Connect

    Minott, D.H.

    1995-05-01

    Five years have passed since US EPA adopted the now well-known hierarchy for management of MSW - source reduction, recycling, waste-to-energy, and, for waste that cannot be practically recycled or combusted, landfilling. Despite US EPA`s preferred waste-management hierarchy, the United States, as a country, continues to rely on landfilling as its principal means of MSW management. This disparity is also true locally, in the case of the nation`s most populous city, New York City. The City deposits most residential MSW in its Fresh Kills Landfill on Staten Island, some four million tons of MSW per year. What is more, while the City is indeed implementing recycling, its formal waste-management plans also call for continued heavy reliance on the Fresh Kills Landfill for 10 years or more into the future. Because landfills continue to serve as the MSW management {open_quotes}workhorse{close_quotes} in many locales, it is believed that a full accounting of landfill environmental emissions is called for, to enable adequate environmental safeguards in the design of landfills, appropriate regulation of landfill environmental emissions, and informed public decision-making about MSW management in general. Evidence is presented that air pollutant emissions, in particular, from landfills pose a significant environmental threat that is largely unrecognized by most people. Locally in New York City, there is an awakening to the issue of landfill air-pollutant emissions, as evidenced by the recent undertaking of a study of air quality near the Fresh Kills Landfill by Federal, State, and local agencies. In general, however, the public`s concern over landfill air-pollutant emissions is limited to odor nuisance.

  10. Global climate change - the United Nations FCCC, {open_quotes}Berlin Mandate{close_quotes}, COP-2, and electric utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Mathai, C.V.

    1997-12-31

    Over the past 100 years, there has been a steady increase in man-made emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs, such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and most halogenated substances) due to human activities including combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation. Scientific studies suggest that these emissions are contributing to increases in atmospheric concentrations of GHGs which in turn, cause an enhanced greenhouse effect by trapping more of the sun`s energy leading to global climate change. Recently, a consensus position has emerged among the scientific community that man-made GHG emissions appear to be contributing to global climate change. Based on that finding, United States representative, Under Secretary of State Tim Wirth stated at the July 1996 meeting of the {open_quotes}Conference of Parties{close_quotes} (COP) of the FCCC, that global voluntary efforts to meet the GHG emission reduction goal have failed He called for the COP to expedite ongoing international negotiations toward establishing (in 1997) medium-term, realistic, legally-binding GHG emission targets and implementation schedules for each country. Setting a legally binding GHG emission target would have significant impacts on the nation, and especially on the electric utility sector. This article provides a general overview of the United States and international efforts toward implementing the FCCC and their potential impacts on the utility industry. A future article is anticipated to address an update on the international negotiations and their potential impacts on other sectors of the U.S. economy, and the rapidly growing GHG emissions from developing countries such as China and India.

  11. Accumulation of Cd by the marine sponge Halichondria panicea pallas: Effects upon filtration rate and its relevance for biomonitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Olesen, T.M.E.; Weeks, J.M. )

    1994-05-01

    The marine demosponge Halichondria panicea Pallas, is a cosmopolitan species occurring in coastal waters with varied conditions of light, current, salinity and turbidity. H. panicea has a leuconoid structure and is composed of siliceous spicules and spongin fibers. Sponges are important members of many shallow water marine benthic communities, but comparatively little is known of their trace metal biology. Sponge architecture is constructed around a system of water canals and the physiology of the sponge is largely dependent on the currents of water flowing through their bodies. The volume of water pumped by a sponge is remarkable, ca. 100-1200 ml h[sup [minus]1] g[sup [minus]1]. This large volume of water passing through the body of a sponge means that most cells are in direct contact with the external medium. Many sponges are able to accumulate trace metals and are highly tolerant of such pollutants. This has led to the proposal that a [open quotes]sponge watch[close quotes] program be initiated supplementary to the existing [open quotes]mussel watch[close quotes] program. In view of the large volume of water passing through the bodies of sponges such as H. panicea, the suitability of this species as a biomonitoring organism was further investigated. This study describes the accumulation strategy of the demosponge H. panicea exposed to dissolved cadmium (Cd) and the effect of Cd upon sponge filtration rate.

  12. Recognition and regional correlation of impact-related {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes} Arbuckle and Simpson reservoir lithofacies

    SciTech Connect

    Kuykendall, M.D.

    1995-09-01

    The concentric structural feature known as the {open_quotes}Ames Hole{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes}, located on the northern shelf of the Anadarko Basin, contains several heterogeneous and uniquely associated hydrocarbon reservoirs, as well as a locally thick (craterfilling) Middle Ordovician (Simpson shale) source rock. Critical diagnostic structural and morphological features, along with petrographic and shock metamorphism evidence, strongly support and impact origin of the structure. Principle crater reservoirs include extremely brecciated, fractured, and faulted, Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle Group dolomites, Pre-Cambrian granodiorities, devitrified pseudo-pyroclastic (impact melt) rocks, and a rather homogenous, dolomitic ejecta-fallout breccia, which is present along the rim and flanks of the crater. Stratigraphic trapping of hydrocarbons associated with the presence of reservoir-quality ejecta-fallout lithologies unconformably present in the upper portion of the Arbuckle Group, and in reworked, arkosic/dolomitic impact-related lithofacies within the overlying basal Simpson Group, may exist both locally and regionally relative to the {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes}. Calibration of log-rock characteristics of ejecta-fallout reservoir lithofacies from key crater rim wells provides the basis for field-wide and regional inferences about lithologies, reservoir quality, and related production characteristics. An awareness and understanding of impact-related {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes} Arbuckle and Simpson lithofacies should lead to refinement of regional Lower and Middle Ordovician stratigraphy, and create renewed exploration strategies for potential stratigraphic traps.

  13. {open_quotes}Hot-lab{close_quotes} experience on hydrometallurgical mutual separation and conditioning of three-valence transplutonium and rare earth elements

    SciTech Connect

    Renard, E.V.; Pavlovich, V.B.

    1996-12-31

    The paper contains results of {open_quotes}hot-lab{close_quotes} investigation experience of multistage liquid-liquid extraction and mixed (extraction-precipitation) operations of intergroup 3-valence transplutonides (TPE) and lanthanides (RE) separation using both modelling and real high active solutions produced in the process of fissile actinides recovery, i.e. high-level liquid waste (HLLW) of PUREX-technology. Extractive TPE-RE separation processes on the systems with acidic and amine extractants, inorganic salt-out agents, strong complex ones have been studied and modified. The presented real high activity products management results may be useful both in the {open_quotes}minor{close_quotes} actinides transmutation (chemical) technology and HLLW conditioning as well before vitrification on the stage of TPE removal and their separation from RE fission products.

  14. Problem on the United States Continental Shelf - measuring the environmental {open_quotes}effectiveness{close_quotes} of the Outer Continental Shelf Act (OCSA)

    SciTech Connect

    Dubner, B.H.

    1994-12-31

    This article reviews the interplay of environmental standard with oil and gas leasing on the Outer Continental Shelf (OSC) in order to determine if the marine environment is really protected by the interplay of domestic legislation. The 1982 LOS treaty leaves environmental protection to State (domestic) regulation. There is no customary law regarding this type of domestic shelf regulation. The main problem is measuring the {open_quotes}effectiveness{close_quotes} of our domestic shelf legislation. For example, do we simply review effectiveness in terms of controlling operational damage or in terms of environmental injury caused by catastrophic accidents?

  15. Did the Mississippian Lodgepole buildup at Dickinson Field (North Dakota) form as a gas seep ({open_quotes}vent{close_quotes}) community?

    SciTech Connect

    Longman, M.W.

    1996-10-01

    The Lower Mississippian Lodgepole carbonate buildup reservoir at Dickinson Field in Stark County, North Dakota, has been widely reported as being a Waulsortian (or Waulsortian-like) mound. The term {open_quotes}Waulsortian mound{close_quotes} is used for a variety of Early Mississippian carbonate buildups that share a number of features including an abundance of carbonate mud, a {open_quotes}framework{close_quotes} of organisms such as fenestrate bryozoans and crinoids that tended to trap or baffle sediment, and a general absence of marine-cemented reef framework. Although the age of the Lodgepole mound at Dickinson Field qualifies it to be a Waulsortian mound, petrographic study of cores reveals that the reservoir rocks are quite unlike those in true Waulsortian mounds. Instead of being dominated by carbonate mud, the Lodgepole mound core is dominated by marine cement. Furthermore, ostracods and microbial limestones are common in the mound core where they occur with crinoid debris and small amounts of bryozoan, coral, and brachiopod debris. The abundant microbial limestones and marine cement indicate that the Dickinson mound formed as a lithified reef on the sea floor rather than as a Waulsortian mud mound. The microbial limestones, marine cement, and common ostracods in the mount core, and the fact that the mound nucleated almost directly o top of the Bakken Shale, suggest that the Dickinson Lodgepole mound formed at the site of a submarine spring and gas seep.

  16. Comment on [open quotes]Weathering, plants, and the long-term carbon cycle[close quotes] by Robert A. Berner

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, T.A. )

    1993-05-01

    Berner (1992) has asserted that Jackson and Keller (1970a) misinterpreted the conspicuous reddish crust which forms on young lava flows in areas of rock surface colonised by the lichen Stereocaulon vulcani (but not in adjacent areas of bare rock) in regions of high rain fall on the Island of Hawaii. Jackson (1968) and Jackson and Keller (1970a,b) concluded from the results of a thorough interdisiplinary investigation employing a wide spectrum of techniques and information that his reddish coating, is an intensely leached weathering crust formed in situ, and that biochemical activities of the lichen or its associated microflora not only accelerate the chemical weathering of the rock by orders of magnitude but also determine the specific mineralogical and chemical properties of the weathering products. Berner, however, maintained that the reddish crust is in reality a deposit of [open quotes]wind-blown soil dust[close quotes] entrapped by a sticky organic substance secreted by the lichen. Berner fixed his attention on just one aspect of the many-sided body of interrelated data on which the conclusions of Jackson and Keller are founded-the observation that the weathering crust is much thicker on lichen-covered rock surfaces than on lichen-free [open quotes]control[close quotes] areas of the same rock. The totality of published evidence overwhelmingly supports the conclusions of Jackson and Keller an demonstrates that Berner's rival hypothesis is untenable.

  17. {open_quotes}Horizontal{close_quotes} gene transfer from a transgenic potato line to a bacterial pathogen (Erwinia chrysanthemi) occurs - if at all - at an extremely low frequency

    SciTech Connect

    Schlueter, K.; Fuetterer, J.; Potrykus, I.

    1995-10-01

    The frequency of possible {open_quotes}horizontal{close_quotes} gene transfer between a plant and a tightly associated bacterial pathogen was studied in a model system consisting of transgenic Solanum tuberosum, containing a {beta}-lactamase gene linked to a pBR322 origin of replication, and Erwinia chrysanthemi. This experimental system offers optimal conditions for the detection of possible horizontal gene transfer events, even when they occur at very low frequency. Horizontal gene transfer was not detected under conditions mimicking a {open_quotes}natural{close_quotes} infection. The gradual, stepwise alteration of artificial, positive control conditions to idealized natural conditions, however, allowed the characterization of factors that affected gene transfer, and revealed a gradual decrease of the gene transfer frequency from 6.3 x 10{sup -2} under optimal control conditions to a calculated 2.0 x 10{sub -17} under idealized natural conditions. These data, in combination with other published studies, argue that horizontal gene transfer is so rare as to be essentially irrelevant to any realistic assessment of the risk involved in release experiments involving transgenic plants. 22 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Review of the NAS/NRC report: {open_quotes}Groundwater at Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?{close_quotes}. Special report No. 1

    SciTech Connect

    Archambeau, C.B.

    1992-12-01

    There are three basic and serious problems that produce disagreement with the conclusions and recommendations of the Academy report entitled {open_quotes}Groundwater at Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?{close_quotes}. These are: First, the report ignores a considerable body of critical data relating to the ages and nature of hydrothermal alterations at the site; second, many of the strong conclusions expressed in the report are not reasonably supported by the evidence presented and, in some cases, are inconsistent with data and results available to the committee but which are not cited or used by them; and finally, there are statements describing field relationships and data that are not consistent with the facts or are made in such a way as to be misleading.

  19. Multiple recurrence of trisomy 21 in two Bedouin families: Parental gonadal mosaicism or {open_quotes}aneuploidy{close_quotes} gene effect?

    SciTech Connect

    Farag, T.I.; Murthy, D.S.K.

    1994-09-01

    Two unrelated multiplex Down syndrome families is reported in Kuwait among the highly inbred population with Bedouin ancestors. Each family showed recurrent aneuploidies in three sibs with regular trisomy 21. Recurrent regular trisomy 21 in two or more siblings of healthy, normal parents (parental age <35 years) occurs rarely. Several possible etiological factors for recurrent aneuploidy have been suggested. The recurrence risks for regular trisomy 21 based on livebirth and prenatal diagnosis data were estimated at 1% - 2% for young women. However, there are no estimates for multiple recurrence of regular trisomy 21 in the young parents (<35 years). Clustering of trisomy 21 and trisomy 18 have been observed in Bedouin tribal population. The possibility of parental gonadal mosaicism and/or a possibility of an {open_quotes}aneuploidy gene{close_quotes} effect should be considered in practical genetic counselling of families with multiple recurrence of trisomy 21.

  20. Dispersion morphology diagram for three-phase, [open quotes]microemulsion[close quotes] emulsions and comparison to predictions from the two-phase dispersion morphology diagram

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.H. Univ. of Oklahoma, Norma, OK ); Wang, Y.H.C. )

    1994-07-21

    The phase-volume and component-concentration limits over which the oil-rich top phase, middle-phase microemulsion, or water-rich bottom phase was the continuous phase in their steady-state, three-phase macroemulsions were determined by means of electrical conductivity measurements for the amphiphile/oil/[open quotes]water[close quotes] system C[sub 4]H[sub 9]OC[sub 2]H[sub 4]OH/n-decane/aqueous 10 mM NaCl. The measured limits are consistent with predictions based on the dispersion morphology diagram for the two-phase regions that surround the tie triangle. 23 refs., 10 figs.

  1. Two channel model as a possible microscopic configuration of the [open quotes]barrier[close quotes] in high-T[sub c] grain boundary junctions

    SciTech Connect

    Sarnelli, E.; Esposito, E. ); Testa, G. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli )

    1994-04-01

    High-T[sub c] superconductors are intensively studied for applications such as biomagnetism, but the great difficulties in making integrated dc SQUIDs have slowed down applications in the biomedical field. Moreover, magnetic noise and energy resolution are not always low enough to permit measurements of human body magnetic signals. Noise in bicrystal and biepitaxial grain boundary junctions has been extensively analyzed, and both structures showed similar 1/f noise behaviors. In order to account for the experimental results, different models describing grain boundary junctions have been made, each able to explain some aspects of the phenomenology. In this work we suggest that the [open quotes]barrier[close quotes] is constituted by a large number of microscopic weak links in parallel, and we analyze the effects of such a model on noise properties and the temperature dependences of the critical current, finding a good agreement with most experiments carried out on grain boundary junctions. 15 refs., 1 fig.

  2. Experimental and numerical researches of the pulsed solid propellant diagonal type MHD generator {open_quotes}Pamir-06{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Bukhteyev, L.A.; Dogadayev, R.V.; Panchenko, V.P.

    1995-12-31

    The results of experimental researches and calculations of the pulsed solid propellant diagonal type MHD generator {open_quotes}Pamir-06{close_quotes} are presented. The power, gasdynamic, electrodynamic, service-life characteristics of the channel of the MHD generator by the operating conditions p{approx}10{sup 5} Pa, M{approx}2.8, B{<=}1.9 T, j{perpendicular} {<=}10 A/cm{sup 2}, {beta}{sub e}{approx}0.7, S=j{perpendicular}BL/({rho}u{sup 2}) {<=} 0.3 have been investigated. Under these conditions and stagnation pressure 55{sm_bullet}10{sup 5} Pa, mass flow rate {approx}4.3 kg/s the electric power reached 1.4 MW (voltage {approximately}1600 V), specific energy output - 0.33 MJ/kg, power density - 100 MW/m{sup 3}, enthalpy extraction -6%. The conditions of the beginning of the separation flow in the MHD channel are determined. This phenomenon leads to the crisis and the hysteresis of electric characteristics of supersonic MHD generators. The quasi-one-dimensional model of an MHD two-phase flow describes satisfactorily the experimental results till the beginning of crisis. Now the total service-life of segmented channel of the MHD generator {open_quotes}Pamir-06{close_quotes} reached 140 s by 27 runs with the operation time from 4 s to 9 s. This value is {approximately}5 times as large as the servis-life of commercial Faraday-type channels for pulsed MHD generators.

  3. Volume II solicitation package for solicitation no. 522887-5422 {open_quotes}site electrical replacements & substation{close_quotes} subproject: 69 KV substation

    SciTech Connect

    1991-05-03

    This solicitation is for the U.S. Department of Energy under Prime Contract No. DE-AC04-88-DP43495 with EG&G Mound Applied Technologies. Ohio Sales or Use taxes are not to be included in the proposal price. Applicable taxes due or owing to the State of Ohio will be paid by the buyer under Direct Payment Permit No. 98-002230. Refer to Form ML-2487, General Provisions, Article 24, {open_quotes}Federal, State & Local Taxes{close_quotes}. Sellers are advised that purchases of building and construction materials for incorporation into a structure or improvement to a real property which is accepted for ownership by the United States or one of its agencies are exempt from Ohio Sales and Use taxes. Unnecessarily elaborate brochures or other presentations beyond those sufficient to present a complete and effective response to this solicitation are not desired and may be construed as an indication of the seller`s lack of cost consciousness. Elaborate art work, expensive paper and binding, and expensive visual and other presentation aids are neither necessary nor wanted.

  4. {open_quotes}Feature{close_quotes} mapping of the HLA-C linked DNA region: Construction by sequencing from nested deletions

    SciTech Connect

    Krishnan, B.R.; Chaplin, D.D. |

    1994-09-01

    The HLA complex located on chromosome 6p spans {approximately}4 Mb and is gene dense. To enable systematic analysis of less well-characterized portions of HLA, we are defining significant {open_quotes}features{close_quotes} of these DNA regions: locations of putative genes (prediction of exons by GRAIL analysis) and Alu elements, regions with homology to the database, and regions of evolutionarily conserved DNA sequence. Initially, we cloned a 35 kb DNA segment adjacent to HLA-C into a transposon {gamma}{delta}-based cosmid vector designed for generating nested deletions in vivo. Over 70 informative nested deletions were obtained and sequenced by fluorescent-automated technology. Islands of DNA sequences were obtained and used to construct a feature map of the 35 kb HLA segment. Our data (i) defined the organization of the previously identified keratinocyte-specific S gene, (ii) generated the DNA sequence of two evolutionarily conserved DNA segments, and (iii) located otherwise undefined putative exons and Alu elements. The construction of such feature maps of large DNA segments using the nested deletion-sequencing approach provides an efficient means to identify DNA segments meriting systematic and detailed analysis.

  5. The importance of applying {open_quotes}intuition factors{close_quotes} to reservoir volume calculations: A case study in Wilburton Field, Arkoma Basin, southeastern Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect

    Wray, L.L.

    1996-12-31

    Calculating or extrapolating accurate reservoir parameters for recoverable reserve determinations is often difficult. Average porosities determined from logs can be incorrect due either to tool resolution in thin beds, wellbore rugosity, or faulty tool calibration. Water saturation estimates can vary depending upon the availability of measured or calculated Rw values. Reservoir thickness and aerial extent are only as accurate as the isopach maps from which they are derived. Measured reservoir pressures can be low in tight gas formations due to inadequate build-up times. Only formation temperature and abandonment pressure are more reliable numbers. Characterization of the Spiro Sandstone reservoir in Wilburton Field, southeastern Oklahoma, requires the utilization of various {open_quotes}intuition factors{close_quotes}. Extreme heterogeneity resulting from both depositional and diagenetic variability presents problems in accurately assessing pore volume calculations. By relying upon a systematic approach which allows scientific intuition to be merged with measured reservoir parameters, it is possible to predict economic and uneconomic results of proposed infill drilling locations.

  6. The importance of applying [open quotes]intuition factors[close quotes] to reservoir volume calculations: A case study in Wilburton Field, Arkoma Basin, southeastern Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect

    Wray, L.L. )

    1996-01-01

    Calculating or extrapolating accurate reservoir parameters for recoverable reserve determinations is often difficult. Average porosities determined from logs can be incorrect due either to tool resolution in thin beds, wellbore rugosity, or faulty tool calibration. Water saturation estimates can vary depending upon the availability of measured or calculated Rw values. Reservoir thickness and aerial extent are only as accurate as the isopach maps from which they are derived. Measured reservoir pressures can be low in tight gas formations due to inadequate build-up times. Only formation temperature and abandonment pressure are more reliable numbers. Characterization of the Spiro Sandstone reservoir in Wilburton Field, southeastern Oklahoma, requires the utilization of various [open quotes]intuition factors[close quotes]. Extreme heterogeneity resulting from both depositional and diagenetic variability presents problems in accurately assessing pore volume calculations. By relying upon a systematic approach which allows scientific intuition to be merged with measured reservoir parameters, it is possible to predict economic and uneconomic results of proposed infill drilling locations.

  7. Sharp microwave frequency dependence in {open_quotes}ionization{close_quotes} of 3d H atoms and the effect of additive noise

    SciTech Connect

    Sirko, L.; Bellermann, M.; Haffmans, A.; Koch, P.M.

    1993-05-01

    For weak broadband (26-40 GHz) added shot noise (rms amplitude F{sub n} {approx_equal} 0.5 V/cm, <5% of the coherent amplitude F), we saw sharp variations around {nu}=30 GHz in e.g., F(10%) for 10%-{open_quotes}ionization{close_quotes} probability (n-cutoff {approx_equal} 89) of n{sub 0}=57 3d H atoms. Sharp means varying {nu} {approx_lt} 1/3 of the Fourier bandwidth 0.35 GHz of the 4.3 ns long half-sinewave pulseshape. Increased noise lowered (raised) F(10%) near sharp maxima (minima). (For some other cases noise did very little.) F{sub n} {approx_equal} 2.2 V/cm. suppressed the sharp {nu}-variation of F(10%). Our bound-basis integration of the 1d Schrodinger equation reproduces the results well, including influence of noise. Leopold, Richards, and Jensen are developing theory for a perturbed pendulum effective Hamiltonian H{sub eff} locally describing the dynamics at the classical nonlinear resonance island centered near n{sub 0}{sup 3}{omega}=1. Our data may be the first spectroscopic glimpse of novel quantal states of H{sub eff}.

  8. Nuclear power meets the 101st Congress, a {open_quotes}one-act{close_quotes} comedy: Regulation of Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensees under the Clean Air Act

    SciTech Connect

    Goldsmith, R.

    1992-12-31

    In the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977, Congress directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate all radioactive pollutants, including those emitted from facilities licensed and regulated under the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Thus began the era of so-called {open_quotes}dual regulation.{close_quotes} Thirteen years later, that era ended with the passage of section 112(d)(9) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which authorized the EPA to refrain from regulating any category of NRC-licensed facility if it found that NRC regulation was adequate to protect public health. This story of how Congress reversed regulatory policy is actually a story more about nuclear power than air pollution. Dual regulation was authorized in 1977 because of two concerns: fears about the public health risks associated with the nation`s growing commitment to nuclear power and doubts about the integrity of nuclear regulation by the NRC. Although neither of these concerns had abated by 1990, the legislative process was so adroitly manipulated by the proponents of nuclear power that Congress, unwittingly, restored the NRC`s regulatory monopoly.

  9. Linkage disequilibrium in the insulin gene region: Size variation at the 5{prime} flanking polymorphism and bimodality among {open_quotes}Class I{close_quotes} alleles

    SciTech Connect

    McGinnis, R.E.; Spielman, R.S.

    1994-09-01

    The 5{prime} flanking polymorphism (5{prime}FP), a hypervariable region at the 5{prime} end of the insulin gene, has {open_quotes}class 1{close_quotes} alleles (650-900 bp long) that are in positive linkage disequilibrium with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The authors report that precise sizing of the 5{prime}FP yields a bimodal frequency distribution of class 1 allele lengths. Class 1 alleles belonging to the lower component (650-750 bp) of the bimodal distribution were somewhat more highly associated with IDDM than were alleles from the upper component (760-900 bp), but the difference was not statistically significant. They also examined 5{prime}FP length variation in relation to allelic variation at nearby polymorphisms. At biallelic RFLPs on both sides of the 5{prime}FP, they found that one allele exhibits near-total association with the upper component of the 5FP class 1 distribution. Such associations represent a little-known but potentially wide-spread form of linkage disequilibrium. In this type of disequilibrium, a flanking allele has near-complete association with a single mode of VNTR alleles whose lengths represent consecutive numbers of tandem repeats (CNTR). Such extreme disequilibrium between a CNTR mode and flanking alleles may originate and persist because length mutations at some VNTR loci usually add or delete only one or two repeat units. 22 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  10. QUOTUS: The Structure of Political Media Coverage as Revealed by Quoting Patterns

    E-print Network

    Niculae, Vlad; Zhang, Justine; Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, Cristian; Leskovec, Jure

    2015-01-01

    Given the extremely large pool of events and stories available, media outlets need to focus on a subset of issues and aspects to convey to their audience. Outlets are often accused of exhibiting a systematic bias in this selection process, with different outlets portraying different versions of reality. However, in the absence of objective measures and empirical evidence, the direction and extent of systematicity remains widely disputed. In this paper we propose a framework based on quoting patterns for quantifying and characterizing the degree to which media outlets exhibit systematic bias. We apply this framework to a massive dataset of news articles spanning the six years of Obama's presidency and all of his speeches, and reveal that a systematic pattern does indeed emerge from the outlet's quoting behavior. Moreover, we show that this pattern can be successfully exploited in an unsupervised prediction setting, to determine which new quotes an outlet will select to broadcast. By encoding bias patterns in a...

  11. Depositional facies and porosity development at Coon Creek Field (Newman [open quotes]Big Lime[close quotes]), Leslie County, Kentucky

    SciTech Connect

    Moshier, S.O. ); Stamper, M.E. )

    1994-08-01

    Coon Creek field is a significant petroleum reservoir in the [open quotes]Big Lime[close quotes], Middle to Upper Mississippian Newman equivalent, in southeastern Kentucky. Initial production from select wells has exceeded 600 bbl of oil/day at drilling depths averaging 915 m (3300 ft). Facies patterns, dolomitization, porosity, and structure in this carbonate reservoir have been delineated by geophysical logs, subsurface mapping, and examination of cores and cuttings. The reservoir is set within a localized paleotopographic low on the unconformable surface of the underlying siliciclastic Borden Group; the Borden surface can express rapid relief of over a 10% grade within less than 300 m. Transgression across the exposed Borden surface resulted in the deposition of a complex system of carbonates lithofacies. Crinoidal dolostones, representing shallow subtidal skeletal bars and banks, form the basal Big Lime (1.5-6 m thick). They are overlain by a typical facies (30 m thick) of bryozoan grainstones/packstones, crinoid grainstones, and mixed skeletal wakestones/mudstones. The rybryozoanacies are characterized by unfragmented fenestrates cemented by radiaxial-fibrous calcite. Stratigraphic distributions indicate the bryozoan facies were broad buildups with crinoidal flank and cap deposits and muddy skeletal off-mount facies, similar to deeper water Waulsortian mounds in other basins. Pellet and ooid grainstones represent moderate- to high-energy subtidal shoal deposits that covered the mound complex. Hydrocarbon production is restricted in the field to the crinoid-bryozoan facies complex within the basal 30 m. Reservoir porosity and permeability have been enhanced by selective dolomitization of grainstones and fracturing related to postdepositional reactivation of basement faults.

  12. Updated experience of the first CFB boilers in Spain: HUNOSA`S {open_quotes}La PEREDA{close_quotes} power station

    SciTech Connect

    Rivero, R.N.; Garcia, J.P.

    1995-12-31

    HUNOSA`s {open_quotes}La Pereda{close_quotes} cogeneration facility is equipped with a Foster Wheeler circulating fluidized bed boiler designed to produce 185000 Kg/h (407850 lb/hr) of superheated steam to generate 50 MW of electricity, HUNOSA, a Spanish public mining company, uses a fuel mixture of 65% culm waste and 35% run off mine coal with a High Heating Value as low as 8700 Kj/Kg (3740 BTU/lb), and an ash content as high as 65%. The efficient and clean use of such a waste fuel, which is a subproduct of the company`s mining activity, is attempted by the first time in Spain, and was possible by using a circulating fluid bed (CFB) boiler which takes advantage of Foster Wheeler previous experience firing waste fuels of this type. This paper summarizes La Pereda`s CFB boiler main design characteristics and describes the results attained during its first year and a half of operation. This project was partially financed by the European Community, as well as by another Spanish official entities. It is the first industrial installation in operation with a circulating fluidized bed boiler in Spain and will serve as a basis to develop an important program of waste fuel valorization and environmental regeneration by using low grade energy resources which were not susceptible of being used up to now. The authors believe that the case described might be of interest to other mining companies and in general, to all those considering the potential use of waste fuels of this type for steam and electricity generation.

  13. Simpsons quote Network Executive: We at the network want a dog with

    E-print Network

    Reif, Rafael

    1 2 Simpsons quote · Network Executive: We at the network want a dog with attitude. He's edgy. You've heard the expression "let's get busy"? Well, this is a dog who gets biz-zay; consistently and thoroughly, Jr.: Oh, yes. The rest of you writers start thinking up a name for this funky dog. I don't know

  14. International shipment of light weight radioisotopic heater units (LWRHU) using the USA/9516/B(U)F Mound 1 kW shipping package in support of the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission

    SciTech Connect

    Barklay, C.D.; Merten, C.W.

    1997-01-01

    Radioisotopes have provided heat that has been used to maintain specific operating environments within remote satellites and spacecraft. For the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission the {sup 238}PuO{sub 2} fueled light weight radioisotopic heater unit (LWRHU) will be used within the spacecraft. Since the current plan for the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission incorporates the use of a Russian launch platform for the spacecraft, the LWRHUs must be transported in an internationally certified shipping container. An internationally certified shipping package that is versatile enough to be reconfigured to transport the LWRHUs that will be required to support the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission is the Mound USA/9516/B(U)F. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  15. Transparent conducting oxides (TCO{close_quote}s) for amorphous silicon solar cells

    SciTech Connect

    Hegedus, S.; Liang, H.; Gordon, R.G.

    1996-01-01

    The stability of various textured tin oxide and zinc oxide transparent conductors was evaluated against annealing in air, in vacuum or exposed to hydrogen plasma. Only fluorine-doped zinc oxide deposited by atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition (APCVD) had stable electrical and optical properties under all conditions. Thin layers of ZnO or TiO{sub 2} greatly improved the plasma resistance of SnO{sub 2}. A new TCO material, niobium-doped titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}:Nb) was able to withstand hydrogen plasmas with only slight increases in its optical absorption and conductivity. Composite TCO{close_quote}s consisting of glass/SnO{sub 2}:F/TiO{sub 2}:Nb were shown to provide good electrical contact to amorphous silicon solar cells. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. A characteristic time scale of tick quotes on foreign currency markets

    E-print Network

    Sato, A H

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates that a characteristic time scale on an exchange rate market (USD/JPY) is examined for the period of 1998 to 2000. Calculating power spectrum densities for the number of tick quotes per minute and averaging them over the year yield that the mean power spectrum density has a peak at high frequencies. Consequently it means that there exist the characteristic scales which dealers act in the market. A simple agent model to explain this phenomenon is proposed. This phenomena may be a result of stochastic resonance with exogenous periodic information and physiological fluctuations of the agents. This may be attributed to the traders' behavior on the market. The potential application is both quantitative characterization and classification of foreign currency markets.

  17. Words of Wisdom from the Literacy Symposium (Washington, D.C., May 25, 1988). Quotes from Participants and Attendees.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Charles, Comp.

    Materials from the Literacy Symposium that begin this document are a letter of support from Barbara Bush, a symposium agenda, and lists of panel participants, speakers, symposium staff, and members of the Academic Advisory Council to the U.S. Government Printing Office. These are followed by 21 pages of quotes from particpants. Those quoted

  18. Diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic pseudocysts and cystic tumors based on own material and quoted literature

    PubMed Central

    Krupski, Witold; Zako?cielny, Artur; Wallner, Grzegorz

    2013-01-01

    Pseudocysts constitute the most basic cystic lesions of the pancreas. Symptomatic cysts may be treated by means of both minimally invasive methods and surgery. Currently, it is believed that approximately 5% of cystic lesions in the pancreas may in fact, be neoplastic cystic tumors. Their presence is manifested by generally irregular multilocular structures, solid nodules inside the cyst or in the pancreatic duct, frequently vascularized, as well as fragmentary thickening of the cystic wall or septation. Aim The aim of this paper was to present current management, both diagnostic and therapeutic, in patients with pancreatic pseudocysts and cystic tumors. The article has been written based on the material collected and prepared in the author's Department as well as on the basis of current reports found in the quoted literature. Material and methods, results In 2000–2012, the Second Department of General, Gastrointestinal and Oncological Surgery of the Alimentary Tract treated 179 patients with cystic lesions in the region of the pancreas. This group comprised 12 cases of cystic tumors and 167 pseudocysts. Twenty-three patients (13.8%) were monitored only and 144 received procedural treatment. Out of the latter group, 75 patients underwent drainage procedures and 48 were qualified to endoscopic cystogastrostomy or cystoduodenostomy. The endoscopic procedure was unsuccessful in 11 cases (23%). In a group of patients with a pancreatic cystic tumor (12 patients), 6 of them (50%) underwent therapeutic resection of the tumor with adequate fragment of the gland. Conclusions Endoscopic drainage is an effective and safe method of minimally invasive treatment of pancreatic cysts. The patients who do not qualify to endoscopic procedures require surgical treatment. The differentiation of a neoplasm from a typical cyst is of fundamental significance for the selection of the treatment method.

  19. Compatibility issues of potential payloads for the USA/9904/B(U)F-85 RTG transportation system (RTGTS) for the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, R.G.; Barklay, C.D.; Howell, E.I.; Frazier, T.A.

    1997-01-01

    The specific electric power system for the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission has yet to be specified. However, electric power will be provided by either radioisotopic thermoelectric generators (RTG), radioisotope thermophotovoltaic systems (RTPV), alkali metal thermal to electrical conversion (AMTEC) systems, radioisotope Stirling systems, or a combination of these. The selected radioisotopic power system will also be transported using the USA/9904/B(U)F-85, Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) Transportation System (RTGTS). As a result, all of the potential payloads present uniquely different environmental and physical configuration requirements. This paper presents the major compatibility issues of the potential payloads for the USA/9904/B(U)F-85 RTG Transportation System for the {open_quotes}Pluto Express{close_quotes} mission. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  20. 3-D architecture modeling using high-resolution seismic data and sparse well control: Example from the Mars {open_quotes}Pink{close_quotes} reservoir, Mississippi Canyon Area, Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Chapin, M.A.; Tiller, G.M.; Mahaffie, M.J.

    1996-12-31

    Economic considerations of the deep-water turbidite play, in the Gulf of Mexico and elsewhere, require large reservoir volumes to be drained by relatively few, very expensive wells. Deep-water development projects to date have been planned on the basis of high-quality 3-D seismic data and sparse well control. The link between 3-D seismic, well control, and the 3-D geological and reservoir architecture model are demonstrated here for Pliocene turbidite sands of the {open_quotes}Pink{close_quotes} reservoir, Prospect Mars, Mississippi Canyon Areas 763 and 807, Gulf of Mexico. This information was used to better understand potential reservoir compartments for development well planning.

  1. Dear Campus Community Member, There has been a recent issue with fraudulent requests for quotes and purchase orders purportedly

    E-print Network

    their local FBI Field Office, which will allow for a greater chance for the items to be located and returned-storage or warehouse address. Step 4: Request product quotes using email accounts on bogus domains. Often requests. Shipping address is not the same as the business location. Delivery address is a residence or self

  2. 7/11/00-draft copy: do not quote 1 of 30 New Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts

    E-print Network

    7/11/00-draft copy: do not quote 1 of 30 New Technologies for Residential HVAC Ducts Burke Treidler February 1995 Executive Summary There are many problems with residential duct systems as they are currently is not evaluated and HVAC contractors overcome duct system shortcomings by installing oversized equipment

  3. 3D architecture modeling of reservoir compartments in a Shingled Turbidite Reservoir using high-resolution seismic data and sparse well control, example from Mars {open_quotes}Pink{close_quotes} reservoir, Mississippi Canyon Area, Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Chapin, M.A.; Mahaffie, M.J.; Tiller, G.M.

    1996-12-31

    Economics of most deep-water development projects require large reservoir volumes to be drained with relatively few wells. The presence of reservoir compartments must therefore be detected and planned for in a pre-development stage. We have used 3-D seismic data to constrain large-scale, deterministic reservoir bodies in a 3-D architecture model of Pliocene-turbidite sands of the {open_quotes}E{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}Pink{close_quotes} reservoir, Prospect Mars, Mississippi Canyon Areas 763 and 807, Gulf of Mexico. Reservoir compartmentalization is influenced by stratigraphic shingling, which in turn is caused by low accommodation space predentin the upper portion of a ponded seismic sequence within a salt withdrawal mini-basin. The accumulation is limited by updip onlap onto a condensed section marl, and by lateral truncation by a large scale submarine erosion surface. Compartments were suggested by RFT pressure variations and by geochemical analysis of RFT fluid samples. A geological interpretation derived from high-resolution 3-D seismic and three wells was linked to 3-D architecture models through seismic inversion, resulting in a reservoir all available data. Distinguishing subtle stratigraphical shingles from faults was accomplished by detailed, loop-level mapping, and was important to characterize the different types of reservoir compartments. Seismic inversion was used to detune the seismic amplitude, adjust sandbody thickness, and update the rock properties. Recent development wells confirm the architectural style identified. This modeling project illustrates how high-quality seismic data and architecture models can be combined in a pre-development phase of a prospect, in order to optimize well placement.

  4. 3D architecture modeling of reservoir compartments in a Shingled Turbidite Reservoir using high-resolution seismic data and sparse well control, example from Mars [open quotes]Pink[close quotes] reservoir, Mississippi Canyon Area, Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Chapin, M.A.; Mahaffie, M.J.; Tiller, G.M. )

    1996-01-01

    Economics of most deep-water development projects require large reservoir volumes to be drained with relatively few wells. The presence of reservoir compartments must therefore be detected and planned for in a pre-development stage. We have used 3-D seismic data to constrain large-scale, deterministic reservoir bodies in a 3-D architecture model of Pliocene-turbidite sands of the [open quotes]E[close quotes] or [open quotes]Pink[close quotes] reservoir, Prospect Mars, Mississippi Canyon Areas 763 and 807, Gulf of Mexico. Reservoir compartmentalization is influenced by stratigraphic shingling, which in turn is caused by low accommodation space predentin the upper portion of a ponded seismic sequence within a salt withdrawal mini-basin. The accumulation is limited by updip onlap onto a condensed section marl, and by lateral truncation by a large scale submarine erosion surface. Compartments were suggested by RFT pressure variations and by geochemical analysis of RFT fluid samples. A geological interpretation derived from high-resolution 3-D seismic and three wells was linked to 3-D architecture models through seismic inversion, resulting in a reservoir all available data. Distinguishing subtle stratigraphical shingles from faults was accomplished by detailed, loop-level mapping, and was important to characterize the different types of reservoir compartments. Seismic inversion was used to detune the seismic amplitude, adjust sandbody thickness, and update the rock properties. Recent development wells confirm the architectural style identified. This modeling project illustrates how high-quality seismic data and architecture models can be combined in a pre-development phase of a prospect, in order to optimize well placement.

  5. Imaging of neuroendocrine tumors in 300 patients following injection of I-123 mIBG or 1-131 mIBG prepared from a {open_quotes}cold kit{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Karesh, S.M.; Henkin, R.E.

    1994-05-01

    During the past 6 years, we have performed approximately 300 scans for neuroendocrine tumors in an extremely varied patient base, with 65% of patients receiving I-123 mIBG and 35%, I-131 mIBG. Imaging was performed at 24-72 hr, depending upon the isotope used. The most common clinical indication was for pheochromocytoma (>90%), followed by neuroblastoma, paraganglioma, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, and carcinoid tumors. Radiolabeling was performed by a modification of Mock`s procedure. The radioiodide was added to a very stable {open_quotes}cold kit{close_quotes} developed in-house. The kit contains 1 ml of water for injection, 2 mg of mIBG hemisulfate, and 12 mg of ammonium sulfate. After 2 heating cycles, a yield >85% and a radiochemical purity {>=}96% were routinely obtained. Overall preparation time, including determination of radiochemical purity, is approximately 2.5 hr. The only equipment required is a thermostatically controlled block heater. Biodistribution of our I-131 product was indistinguishable from that distributed by the Nuclear Pharmacy at the University of Michigan, as was the radiochemical purity; the diagnostic efficacy matched that reported in the literature. The image quality obtained using I-123 mIBG was definitely superior, due to both the much higher count rate and the ideal imaging energy of I-123. On one occasion, the I-131 scan was equivocal, whereas the I-123 scan in the same patient was clearly positive. Retrospectively, for studies performed with I-123 mIBG using the {open_quotes}cold kit{close_quotes} method, the specificity and sensitivity both exceed 90%, correlating well with multiple studies reported in the literature. The preparation of I-123 mIBG in-house using this technique is recommended.

  6. Quoting Experimental Information

    E-print Network

    Martin White; Douglas Scott

    1994-06-21

    There was a question raised at this meeting as to the best way to present the results of experiments measuring anisotropies in the CMB. Here we will make some simple comments about the 3 main competing methods and some suggestions. In particular we will give an over-simplified but hopefully useful method of comparing GACF numbers with other power spectra, and a simple rule-of-thumb for converting between the two main conventions.

  7. Quotes on Caring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowledge Quest, 2012

    2012-01-01

    In this article, school librarians from Henrico County Public Schools in Virginia [the AASL 2011 National School Library Programs of the Year (NSLPY) Award recipient] share some of their experiences caring for students in their libraries.

  8. Quotable Quotes in Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lo, Bruce W. N.

    1983-01-01

    As a way to dispel negative feelings toward mathematics, a variety of quotations are given. They are categorized by: what mathematics is, mathematicians, mathematics and other disciplines, different areas of mathematics, mathematics and humor, applications of mathematics, and pure versus applied mathematics. (MNS)

  9. A Review of "Quoting Death in Early Modern England: The Poetics of Epitaphs Beyond the Tomb" by Scott L. Newstok 

    E-print Network

    Bentley, Greg

    2010-01-01

    look at the enchanted artifacts that remain. Scott L. Newstok. Quoting Death in Early Modern England: The Poetics of Epitaphs Beyond the Tomb. New York: Palgrave, 2009. Xiv + 228 pp. + 13 illus. $80.00. Review by greg bentley, mississippi state... university. Individual and cultural responses to death were varied and numer- ous in early modern England, and the commentaries on death since then have been equally varied and numerous. So much so that the 174 seventeenth-century news topic itself seems...

  10. [A study of the Chinese books quoted in "Chotei Kaitai-schinsho", "Yi Xue Yuan Shi" and "Wu Li Xiao Shi"].

    PubMed

    Huining, Tao

    2002-06-01

    Gentaku Otsuki quoted from "Yi Xue Yuan Shi" and "Wu Li Xiao Shi" when revising "Kaitaishinsho". He quoted from them in three ways; quoting the original text, quoting them to annotate the difficult terms, and quoting them to correct errors in the original text. When Western medicine was first introduced to Japan, the interpretation and the explanation of Chinese classics was utilized to translate Dutch medical books. The study has clarified for the first time that "Yi Xue Yuan Shi" and "Wu Li Xia Shi" contributed greatly to the accomplishment of "Chotei Kaitai-shinsho" and to the importation of Western medicine into Japan. PMID:12398070

  11. Use of geostatistic techniques to describe a reservoir to be submitted into a secondary recovery process field case: {open_quotes}Eocene B-Inferior/VLG-3659, Ceuta, Venezuela{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Hernandez, T.; Poquioma, W.

    1997-08-01

    This study presents the results of an integrated reservoir study of the Eocene B-Inferior/VLG-3659, Area 7, Ceuta filed. This field located in the Maracaibo Lake in the western side of Venezuela. The objective was to evaluating the feasibility to implement a secondary recovery project by means of water flooding. Core information was used for this study (194 ft), PVT analysis, RFI, build-up and statistic`s pressure analysis, modem logs and production history data. Using geostatistical techniques (Kriging) it was defined a low uncertainty geological model that was validated by means of a black oil simulator (Eclipse). The results showed a good comparison of historical pressure of the reservoir against those obtained from the model, without the need of {open_quotes}history matching{close_quotes}. It means without modifying neither the initial rock properties nor reservoir fluids. The results of this study recommended drilling in two new locations, also the reactivation of four producing wells and water flooding under peripherical array by means of four injection wells, with the recovery of an additional 30.2 MMSTB. The economical evaluation shows an internal return rate of 31.4%.

  12. Characteristic time scales of tick quotes on foreign currency markets: empirical study and agent-based model

    E-print Network

    Sato, A H

    2006-01-01

    Power spectrum densities for the number of tick quotes per minute (market activity) on three currency markets (USD/JPY, EUR/USD, and JPY/EUR) for periods from January 1999 to December 2000 are analyzed. We find some peaks on the power spectrum densities at a few minutes. We develop the double-threshold agent model and confirm that stochastic resonance occurs for the market activity of this model. We propose a hypothesis that the periodicities found on the power spectrum densities can be observed due to stochastic resonance.

  13. [open quotes]Cryptic[close quotes] repeating triplets of purines and pyrimidines (cRRY(i)) are frequent and polymorphic: Analysis of coding cRRY(i) in the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and TATA-binding protein (TBP) genes

    SciTech Connect

    Gostout, B.; Qiang Liu; Sommer, S.S. )

    1993-06-01

    Triplets of the form of purine, purine, pyrimidine (RRY(i)) are enhanced in frequency in the genomes of primates, rodents, and bacteria. Some RRY(i) are [open quotes]cryptic[close quotes] repeats (cRRY(i)) in which no one tandem run of a trinucleotide predominates. A search of human GenBank sequence revealed that the sequences of cRRY(i) are highly nonrandom. Three randomly chosen human cRRY(i) were sequenced in search of polymorphic alleles. Multiple polymorphic alleles were found in cRRY(i) in the coding regions of the genes for proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and TATA-binding protein (TBP). The highly polymorphic TBP cRRY(i) was characterized in detail. Direct sequencing of 157 unrelated human alleles demonstrated the presence of 20 different alleles which resulted in 29--40 consecutive glutamines in the amino-terminal region of TBP. These alleles are differently distributed among the races. PCR was used to screen 1,846 additional alleles in order to characterize more fully the range of variation in the population. Three additional alleles were discovered, but there was no example of a substantial sequence amplification as is seen in the repeat sequences associated with X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy, myotonic dystrophy, or the fragile-X syndrome. The structure of the TBP cRRY(i) is conserved in the five monkey species examined. In the chimpanzee, examination of four individuals revealed that the cRRY(i) was highly polymorphic, but the pattern of polymorphism differed from that in humans. The TBP cRRY(i) displays both similarities with and differences from the previously described RRY(i) in the coding sequence of the androgen receptor. The data suggest how simple tandem repeats could evolve from cryptic repeats. 18 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  14. Mutation in and lack of expression of tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) in melanocytes from an individual with brown oculocutaneous albinism: A new subtype of albinism classified as {open_quotes}OCA3{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Boissy, R.E.; Zhao, H.; Austin, L.M.; Boissy, Y.L.; Zhao, Y.

    1996-06-01

    Most types of human oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) result from mutations in the gene for tyrosinase (OCA1) or the P protein (OCA2), although other types of OCA have been described but have not been mapped to specific loci. Melanocytes were cultured from an African-American with OCA, who exhibited the phenotype of Brown OCA, and his normal fraternal twin. Melanocytes cultured from the patient with OCA and the normal twin appeared brown versus black, respectively. Melanocytes from both the patient with OCA and the normal twin demonstrated equal amounts of NP-40-soluble melanin; however, melanocytes from the patient with OCA contained only 7% of the amount of insoluble melanin found from the normal twin. Tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) was not detected in the OCA melanocytes by use of various anti-TRP-1 probes. Furthermore, transcripts for TRP-1 were absent in cultured OCA melanocytes. The affected twin was homozygous for a single-bp deletion in exon 6, removing an A in codon 368 and leading to a premature stop at codon 384. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity of the OCA melanocytes was comparable to controls when assayed in cell lysates but was only 30% of controls when assayed in intact cells. We conclude that this mutation of the human TRP-1 gene affects its interaction with tyrosinase, resulting in dysregulation of tyrosinase activity, promotes the synthesis of brown versus black melanin, and is responsible for a third genetic type of OCA in humans, which we classify as {open_quotes}OCA3.{close_quotes} 69 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Electronic stopping in a He-H{sub 2} mixture substantially exceeds Bragg{close_quote}s rule value

    SciTech Connect

    Golser, R.; Semrad, D.; Aumayr, F.

    1996-04-01

    We measured the energy loss of 8 keV deuterons in mixtures of He and H{sub 2} gases using a time-of-flight technique. According to Bragg{close_quote}s rule the stopping cross section {var_epsilon} of a mixture of nonreacting gases should be the weighted average of the stopping cross sections of its constituents. Experimentally we find {var_epsilon} to exceed the Bragg value by more than 50{percent}. This can be traced to large differences in the electron capture and electron loss cross sections of He and H{sub 2}, respectively, that strongly enhance energy losses due to charge-changing collisions. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  16. Stock-mesh: Cross-Platform Mobile Stock Quote Application By Chu Chun Yin, Lee Yuk Cheung and Wong Lap Hin

    E-print Network

    Liu, Yunhao

    Stock-mesh: Cross-Platform Mobile Stock Quote Application By Chu Chun Yin, Lee Yuk Cheung and Wong Lap Hin Supervised by Prof. S.H. Chan #12;Stock&mesh+is+a+cross%pla)orm+mobile+stock+quote+streaming+ applica5on.+By+applying+the+cu6ng&edge+streaming+technology+ developed+by+HKUST+and+push%based+data+delivery,+Stock

  17. Clarification re Civil Resistance A quote that I provided for the book "Times Up!" by Keith Farnish requires clarification. I reproduce

    E-print Network

    Hansen, James E.

    could spend a little time on mine. Time's Up! is going to be released in February by Green Books we force them to do so, and that is going to require enormous effort." That quote and the way are not going to take the actions required to save our climate, the earth we live on, creation, for future

  18. 46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No. Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q of Part 502 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME... Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q of Part 502—Application for Refund or...

  19. {open_quotes}Lure{close_quotes} North Korea

    SciTech Connect

    Park, M.Y.M.

    1994-12-31

    The author discusses the frustrations of the international community in dealing with North Korea after negotiation of the Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty. In the past, the international community has not been well prepared to deal with the North Korean obstinacy. It has repeatedly misjudged North Korean goals, South Korean Interests, and Japanese reactions. A new approach is proposed for the long run, that avoids coercion or appeasement. Economic incentives are suggested as the means to bring about changes in North Korean attitudes that will ultimately foster the desire for maintaining economic stability and well being rather than warlike independence. China and the former Soviet Union are not considered supportive of a warlike posture in North Korean but are making economic overtures to South Korea themselves. If the economic approach proves successful, it will enhance the chances of Korean unification by peaceful means and under democratic rule because time is on the side of democracy. In the long run nonproliferation will be achieved through unification.

  20. {open_quote}Lasagna{close_quote} process treats contaminants

    SciTech Connect

    Drennan, D.

    1994-09-01

    This paper describes an integrated in-situ remedial technology for organic or inorganic contaminants in dense soils termed the Lasagna Process. The process, so named for its layers, forces contaminants out of microscopic pores in clay and silt soil regions so they do not leach into groundwater. It introduces in-situ treatment zones in the contaminated area so the waste will not have to be brought to the surface and treats the material within the newly created zones.

  1. Electrorefining {open_quotes}N{close_quotes} reactor fuel

    SciTech Connect

    Gay, E.C.; Miller, W.E.

    1995-02-01

    Principles of purifying of uranium metal by electrorefining are reviewed. Metal reactor fuel after irradiation is a form of impure uranium. Dissolution and deposition electrorefining processes were developed for spent metal fuel under the Integral Fast Reactor Program. Application of these processes to the conditioning of spent N-reactor fuel slugs is examined.

  2. The {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} applicability in decision support system {open_quotes}strength{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Torop, V.M.; Orynyak, I.V.; Kutovoy, O.L.

    1997-04-01

    A software decision support system, STRENGTH, for application of leak before break analysis, is described. The background methodology and sample application are outlined. The program allows multioptional computation of loading parameters for different types of defects, and variable properties for metals and welded joints. Structural strength is assessed, and service life predictions are made. The program is used to analyze specific defects identified by nondestructive testing.

  3. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Confirmation of the Sigma Meson{close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Isgur, N.; Speth, J.

    1996-09-01

    A Comment on the Letter by Nils A. T{umlt o}rnqvist and Matts Roos, Phys. Rev. Lett. {bold 76}, 1575 (1996). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}In-plane lattice reconstruction of Cu(001){close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Baddorf, A.P.; Swan, A.K.; Wendelken, J.F.

    1996-05-01

    A Comment on the Letter by S. M{umlt u}ller {ital et} {ital al}., Phys. Rev. Lett. {bold 75}, 2959 (1995). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Comment on {open_quotes}Confirmation of the Sigma Meson{close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Harada, M.; Sannino, F.; Schechter, J.; Sannino, F.

    1997-02-01

    A Comment on the Letter by Nils A. Tornqvist and Matts Roos, Phys.Rev.Lett.{bold 76}, 1575 (1996). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  6. This report is solely for the use of client personnel. No part of it may be circulated, quoted, or reproduced for distribution outside the client organization without prior written approval from Copernicus Marketing Consulting and Research.

    E-print Network

    Schrag, Daniel

    This report is solely for the use of client personnel. No part of it may be circulated, quoted, or reproduced for distribution outside the client organization without prior written approval from Copernicus

  7. Response to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Free electron laser with longitudinal wiggler and finite magnetic field in a partially filled waveguide{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote} [Phys. Plasmas {bold 3}, 1130 (1996)

    SciTech Connect

    Willett, J.E.

    1996-10-01

    Shoucri`s [Phys. Plasmas {bold 3}, 3864 (1996)] comments concerning use of a biquadratic equation for the radial wave numbers [Eq. (3) in his comment], are regarded as inappropriate. Results are presented based on correct biquadratic radial-wave number equation derived by using the approach of Uddholm {ital et al.} [J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. {bold 24}, 1278 (1991)] (AIP) {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  8. Quotes and Anecdotes Carl W. Lee

    E-print Network

    Lee, Carl

    no circumstances would I want my first grade child to be taught to read by a teacher who could only read on an elementary school level, or my twelfth grade child to take an English class with a teacher who could only and Anecdotes 3 7. Your love of mathematics should and will undoubtedly extend to activities outside

  9. PRELIMINARY DRAFT: DO NOT QUOTE Branden Fitelson

    E-print Network

    Fitelson, Branden

    Chapter 2. Belief: Negative Phase 29 1. The Ryan Argument for Consistency 29 2. Agenda. Belief/World Dependence & Epistemic Teleology 38 8. What is (Full) Belief Anyway? 40 Part II. Comparative-Interpretation and Generalization(s) of Rosenkrantz's de Finetti 78 4. The Argument From Propriety 79 5. Our "Probabilist

  10. Reply to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Quantum-mechanical equivalent-photon spectrum for heavy ion physics{close_quote}{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Benesh, C.J.; Hayes, A.C.; Friar, J.L.

    1997-07-01

    Shortcomings of a momentum-space treatment of strong absorption, as discussed in the preceding Comment, are only of concern at low projectile energies, {gamma}{lt}1.5. At intermediate and high energies, for which the quantum-mechanical equivalent-photon spectrum is intended, the quantum-mechanical cross sections are reduced relative to the semiclassical results whether one treats strong effects via a momentum-space or an impact-parameter (spatial) cutoff. At these energies the origin of the discrepancy between the predictions of fully quantum-mechanical and the semiclassical calculations cannot be traced to differences in the treatment of strong-interaction effects. Rather, they arise from quantum effects neglected in the semiclassical calculations. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  11. The separability {open_quote}{open_quote}theorem{close_quote}{close_quote} in terms of distributions with discussion of electromagnetic scattering theory

    SciTech Connect

    Lenglart, E.; Gouesbet, G.

    1996-09-01

    The separability theorem states that, given a linear partial differential equation and special coordinates allowing to find a family of separated solutions, all solutions of physical interest of the equations can be obtained from linear combinations of the separated solutions. In developing the theory of interaction between an infinite cylinder and a Gaussian beam, it has been recently observed that the theorem may fail in terms of functions. In this paper, it is shown that the separability theorem is recovered if solutions are expressed in terms of distributions instead of in terms of functions. Relevance to light scattering theory is discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. Absence of a {open_quote}{open_quote}Threshold Effect{close_quote}{close_quote} in the Energy Loss of Slow Protons Traversing Large-Band-Gap Insulators

    SciTech Connect

    Eder, K.; Semrad, D.; Bauer, P.; Golser, R.; Maier-Komor, P.; Aumayr, F.; Penalba, M.; Arnau, A.; Ugalde, J.M.; Echenique, P.M.

    1997-11-01

    The electronic stopping cross section {var_epsilon} of slow hydrogen projectiles in large-band-gap insulators has been measured at energies of a few keV. Even at velocities as low as v{sub 0}/3 (v{sub 0}=c/137) , we find no influence of the band gap on the velocity dependence of {var_epsilon} , contrary to the case of gaseous targets with similar minimum excitation energy. The magnitude of {var_epsilon} and its essentially linear velocity dependence allow us to arrive at the following conclusion: Electron promotion processes contribute substantially to stopping due to formation of molecular orbitals. This points towards the existence of a bound electron state at a proton that moves slowly in an insulator. A simple model based on the calculation of molecular orbital correlation diagrams for the H/LiF collision system supports the idea of local reduction of the band gap of an insulating target. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  13. PRELIMINARY DRAFT Do not quote without permission.

    E-print Network

    Huang, Jianyu

    the potential to improve both the welfare of employees and the business outcomes of employers. These policies, and hours flexibility in particular for older Americans, have also been touted as a way to reduce turnover. For older Americans, reductions in turnover could mean more years in career employment, fewer years

  14. Jardin botanico {open_quotes}Cerro Prieto, B.C.{close_quotes} Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Gutierrez Gomez, C.

    1996-12-31

    The Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field is located at North of the Baja California State in Mexico, (32{degrees}22` - 32{degrees}26` N, 115{degrees}12` - 115{degrees}18` W) is part of the Colorado River Delta geological sub-province. This geothermal field is the more important in Mexico and in Latin America. The surface occupied by the installations (power plants, wells and evaporation lake) is of 12 km{sup 2} and in future it may reach 20 km{sup 2}. The construction of a Botanical Garden is projected in this field. Their main objectives are: to preserve the botanical patrimony of the regional flora, to promote the botanical research and the adoption of educational programs on this address.

  15. Licensing and {open_quotes}CRADA`s{close_quotes} in Oak Ridge technology transfer

    SciTech Connect

    Prosser, G.A.

    1993-10-01

    In the belief that effective technology transfer is a ``contact sport,`` Martin Marietta Energy Systems (Energy Systems), the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) management contractor in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, encourages its research and engineering employees to directly interact with their commercial-sector counterparts. Over the years, relationships which have been initiated through such technical interactions have led to many of the patent licenses ad cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs) which currently exist among Energy Systems, US companies, universities, and industrial consortia. The responsibility for creating and implementing Energy Systems policies and procedures to accomplish DOE`s technology transfer objectives in Oak Ridge lies with the Office of Technology Transfer (OTT). In addition, licensing executives within OTT are responsible for negotiating the terms and conditions of patent licenses and CRADAs for the commercialization of government-funded technologies and research expertise. Other technology transfer initiatives in Oak Ridge help companies in a wide range of industries overcome manufacturing obstacles, enabling them to retain existing jobs and to create new business opportunities.

  16. A novel [open quotes]flat-plate[close quotes] PV concentrator package

    SciTech Connect

    Tuttle, J.R.; Cole, E.D.; Berens, T.A.; Szalaj, A. ); Alleman, J. )

    1999-03-01

    DayStar Technologies is developing a PV module technology using low-level concentration (2[endash]8 suns) that can package existing industry cell materials into a lower cost/higher value product suitable for both low-power (10W) solar lantern and 1-KW and greater power generation applications. Cell materials incorporated to date include Cu(In, hthinsp;Ga)Se[sub 2](CIGS), a-Si, and c-Si. The use of thin-film cell materials in a concentrator application is the first of its kind. The performance and reliability of CIGS and a-Si under concentration has been demonstrated. The efficacy of the proprietary optics developed by DayStar has been demonstrated. Cell integration and subsequent mating to optics has proven to be nearly lossless. A 7.2[percent] active-area CIGS-based mini-module has been measured. [copyright] [ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.

  17. Solar energy is not a {open_quotes}free lunch{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Baron, S.; Bari, R.

    1993-12-31

    This report describes costs associated with solar energy. The externality for building solar power plants must include the impact from mining, materials fabrication, and energy resources for materials processing.

  18. Leak-detection device is {open_quotes}all ears{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Malm, H.; Halpern, F.

    1996-04-01

    Ultrasonic detection devices for locating air or liquid leaks are described. Standard packages consist of a hand-held detection instrument, high-impedance headphones, a localization sound probe, an ultrasound transmitter, and a precision contact probe. The ultrasonic vibrations are converted into either an audible frequency or a digital readout. The use of ultrasonic devices in leak testing single-wall underground storage tanks is detailed.

  19. {open_quotes}Super{close_quotes} Japanese site gears up to sole neutrino puzzle

    SciTech Connect

    Normile, D.

    1995-11-03

    Ever since Wolfgang Pauli proposed the existence of neutrinos in 1930 to explain some puzzling features of the radioactive decay of certain atoms, expermentalists have labored hard to detect enough of the elusive particles to determine their properties. It took 26 years to prove that Pauli`s particle even exits-a feat for which Frederick Reines of the University of California (UC), Irvine, won the Nobel Prize last month. Soon, however, physicists will be capturing neutrinos in unprecedented numbers in a 50,000-metric-ton tank that will fill with water starting next month. Researchers hope that this colossal waterbath will yield an answer to one of the most pressing questions is cosmology and high-energy physics: Do neutrinos have mass?The $100 million experiment, called Super-Kamiokande, in located in a lead mine west of Tokyo. This article describes the work to be conducted.

  20. Permian {open_quotes}Wolfcamp{close_quotes} limestone reservoirs: Powell Ranch field, Eastern Midland Basin

    SciTech Connect

    Montgomery, S.L.

    1996-09-01

    Deep-water carbonate channel reservoirs form important oil reservoirs along the toe of the Eastern Shelf of the Permian basin in west Texas. In northwestern Glasscock County, these `Wolfcamp` reservoirs are Leonardian (Early Permian) in age and define high-energy channels incised into surrounding carbonate detritus and basinal shale. Porous grain-flow material filling these channels, along with encasing detritus, was derived from the shallow shelf located six miles to the east. Reservoirs are in packstone and grainstone facies and have significant interparticle and moldic porosity. Relevant exploration began in the 1960s, but expanded slowly thereafter due to lack of success caused by complex patterns of channel occurrence. Results of a three-dimensional (3-D) seismic survey conducted in 1990 have greatly enhanced the identification and mapping of productive channels in the Powell Ranch field complex. Wells in this complex are capable of flowing 400-1200 bbl of oil per day, and have reserves ranging from 0.2 to 1.3 MBO. The new 3-D data have improved the relevant geologic model and dramatically increased rates of drilling success. Application of such data to this setting offers a potential model for other parts of the Permian basin.

  1. Final report for {open_quotes}Production of mild gasification co-products{close_quotes} project

    SciTech Connect

    Horne, D.A.; Castro, J.C.

    1994-12-04

    The SGI International Liquids From Coal (LFC) Process is a mild pyrolysis, or mild gasification, treatment that upgrades low-rank coals by removing almost all of the moisture and a substantial portion of the volatile matter. The process produces two value-added co-products: a Coal Derived Liquid (CDL) and a solid Process Derived Fuel (PDF). A third co-product, a low-heating-value non-condensible gas, is recirculated and combusted in a commercial sized plant to provide drying and pyrolysis process heat. The LFC Process consists of three basic steps. The first step, drying, involves essentially inert gas convectively raising the coal temperature and removing most of the moisture. The drying temperature is limited to ensure that no hydrocarbon gases evolve, and the flow rate is limited below fluidization levels for most of the coal particles. The second step, pyrolysis, consists of additional inert gas heating that raises the temperature of the dried coal so that more than half of the volatile matter is removed under a controlled temperature history that is characteristic for each particular coal and customer demand. The third step, finishing or conditioning, consists of exposure to a cooling inert gas that quenches the pyrolysis reaction, followed by controlled exposure to oxygen for the purposes of stabilization. The processed solid char is then brought to moisture equilibrium (much less than the parent coal`s equilibrium level), and, if necessary, a dust suppressant is added to the PDF. The PDF co-product is environmentally more attractive than the parent coal because a large fraction of the organic sulfur is removed with the volatile matter, and the heating value of the fuel is increased with a concurrent increase in combustion efficiency. When subjected to appropriate finishing steps, the PDF represents a stable, economically transportable, high-heat-value reactive combustion fuel with stable flame characteristics similar to natural gas.

  2. {open_quotes}The next generations of Tampella Power`s CFB boilers{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Alliston, M.G.

    1995-12-31

    The next generation of Tampella Power Corporation`s CFB boilers is discussed in outline form. The following topics are outlined: CFB boiler advantages, CFB boiler fuel flexibility and CYMIC boiler construction.

  3. Implications of a {open_quotes}cross-rolled{close_quotes} yield surface approximation on deep drawing

    SciTech Connect

    Logan, R.W.

    1996-03-01

    During deep-drawing, two issues manifest themselves that are due to normal and planar anisotropy in the sheet. These are a dependence of the Limiting Draw Ratio (LDR) on the average thinning ratio (R-value), and a dependence of ear formation and thinning around the circumference on the variation of R-value in the plane of the sheet. The quadratic (1948 Hill) yield surface has been applied to these issues and it has been demonstrated that there are numerous higher exponent yield criteria that may more closely duplicate experimental trends. These predict varying degrees of R-value dependencies of uniaxial yields and strength ratios in multiaxial loading paths. The result of this is that there are sometimes subtle and sometimes substantial differences in the predictions of the various yield surfaces on deep drawing regarding LDR and earing. Additional differences arise due to the way the shear term (45-degree yield) and the 0-degree vs. 90-degree strengths are treated in each criterion. These dependencies (in-plane strengths generated by the yield surfaces) are shown to affect the results of both LDR and earing during cupping. In particular, the 1979 Hosford and 1989 Barlat (Tricomponent) criteria, although identical for the normal anisotropy (planar isotropy) case, are strikingly different for cases where there are differences at 45 degrees and 90 degrees from the rolling direction.

  4. A novel form of {open_quotes}Tyrosinase-positive{close_quotes} oculocutaneous albinism

    SciTech Connect

    Fukai, K.; Lee, S.T.; Bundey, S.; Spritz, R.A. |

    1994-09-01

    Tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism (ty-pos OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which the biosynthesis of melanin pigment is greatly reduced in the skin, hair, and eyes. We have shown that typical ty-pos OCA (OCA2) results from mutations of the P gene in chromosome segment 15q11-q13. We have also shown that some patients diagnosed with ty-pos OCA actually have mild forms of type I OCA (OCAI), resulting from mutations at the tyrosinase (TYR) gene at 11q14-q21. However, in about one-third of patients with ty-pos OCA we have failed to identify abnormalities of either the P or TYR genes, suggesting the possible existence of a third ty-pos OCA locus. To test this hypothesis, we investigated a large, complex, inbred Pakistani kindred. Affected individuals exhibit slight skin pigmentation with no tanning, hair that is silver at birth and darkens somewhat over time, brown irides, and reduced visual acuity with nystagmus. SSCP/heteroduplex screening and complete DNA sequence analysis of TYR gene in the proband identified no abnormalities, and analysis of a CA repeat in the TYR gene promoter showed no linkage of ty-pos OCA to this marker in this kindred. SSCP/ heteroduplex screening of the P gene also detected no abnormalities, and the (inbred) proband was heterozygous for numerous intragenic polymorphisms. These data thus exclude TYP and P. We next carried out genetic linkage analyses and homozygisty mapping using various SSLP repeats at the locations of the human homologues of the mouse brown (TYRP, 9p23), slaty (13q32), and silver (12pter-q21) genes, all of which are associated with generalized hypopigmentation in mutant animals. However, we found no evidence of linkage of any of these markers. We are currently carrying out similar analyses using markers near the putative locations of the human homologues of several other mouse hypopigmentation genes in an effort to map this novel human ty-pos OCA locus.

  5. Taking a bottom-to-sky [open quotes]slice[close quotes] of the Arctic Ocean

    SciTech Connect

    Travis, J.

    1994-12-23

    This article discusses a Canadian-USA scientific expedition to study the Amerasian basin, comprising 2/3 of the Arctic Ocean, the world's least studied. Since the oceans remote location makes it particularly sensitive to indications of global climate change, a baseline of data is critical. Among the areas researched and discussed in this article are the following: the warm water layers in the intermediate space of the Arctic ocean; the albedo of the ocean; cloud cover; air pollution; plants and animals; cores of ocean bottom sediments. 2 figs.

  6. {open_quotes}Radon{close_quotes} - the system of Soviet designed regional waste management facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Horak, W.C.; Reisman, A.; Purvis, E.E. III

    1997-07-01

    The Soviet Union established a system of specialized regional facilities to dispose of radioactive waste generated by sources other than the nuclear fuel cycle. The system had 16 facilities in Russia, 5 in Ukraine, one in each of the other CIS states, and one in each of the Baltic Republics. These facilities are still being used. The major generators of radioactive waste they process these are research and industrial organizations, medical and agricultural institution and other activities not related to nuclear power. Waste handled by these facilities is mainly beta- and gamma-emitting nuclides with half lives of less than 30 years. The long-lived and alpha-emitting isotopic content is insignificant. Most of the radwaste has low and medium radioactivity levels. The facilities also handle spent radiation sources, which are highly radioactive and contain 95-98 percent of the activity of all the radwaste buried at these facilities.

  7. Comment on {open_quotes}Covariant duality symmetric actions{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Pasti, P.; Sorokin, D.; Tonin, M.

    1997-08-01

    We demonstrate that an action proposed by Khoudeir and Pantoja [Phys. Rev. D {bold 53}, 5974 (1996)] for endowing Maxwell theory with manifest electric-magnetic duality symmetry contains, in addition to the Maxwell field, additional propagating vector degrees of freedom. Hence it cannot be considered as a duality symmetric action for a {ital single} Abelian gauge field. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  8. Dual annular rotating [open quotes]windowed[close quotes] nuclear reflector reactor control system

    DOEpatents

    Jacox, M.G.; Drexler, R.L.; Hunt, R.N.M.; Lake, J.A.

    1994-03-29

    A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core. 4 figures.

  9. {open_quotes}Industry views--timing/structure of consultative process{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Volgelsberg, T.

    1995-12-31

    This paper examines industry`s perspective on the issues concerning the politics and economics of climatic change. The climate change issue complexity goes beyond science and involves: technology, economics, lifestyle, population, intergenerational equity, etc. Industry resources should be actively involved in technology, timeframes, economic assessments, and the political process. Climate mitigation options should be viewed on a holistic or total impact basis. Technology and economic assessment should not create winners and losers. The climate change process is like peeling an onion - long timeframes are required for cultural and infrastructure changes, there are both short term small improvement and long term structural changes, and implementation may take generations. Interdisciplinary communications are critical, cutting across the fields of social science, physical science, economics, technology, demographics, etc. Finally, industry must play or be played - industry can either help shape or be left to live with policy.

  10. Planting the [open quote]seeds[close quote] for increased water availability for hydro

    SciTech Connect

    Griffith, D.A. )

    1993-08-01

    Cloud seeding programs are providing some hydro producers with a way of increasing their water reserves on short notice and with relatively low cost. The fundamental formula has been known for half a century: clouds plus cold plus solid particles equal precipitation. What was not certain until more recently is how that relationship could be effectively used to alter the weather in positive ways. Research and practical experience now show that cloud seeding -- adding tiny solid particles to the right clouds at the right temperature -- works. More pertinent, evidence is mounting that hydropower producers can use well-designed, carefully times seeding programs to increase the amount of water available to their systems and thus enhance electricity generation. Cloud seeding has several advantages as a tool to augment hydroelectric production. Seeding programs typically require no capital investment by the utility or other power producer, and can be started and stopped on relatively short notice. Operating costs usually are less than $10 per acre-foot of additional streamflow. More broadly, the additional water produced for hydro generation has the environmental and community relations benefits of being reusable and less expensive than thermal power alternatives. There also normally are the additional benefits of increased water supplies for other users.

  11. {open_quotes}High magnetic fields in the USA{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, L.J.; Parkin, D.M.; Crow, J.E.; Schneider-Muntau, H.J.; Sullivan, N.S.

    1994-11-01

    During the past thirty years research using high magnetic fields has technically evolved in the manner, but not the magnitude, of the so-called big science areas of particle physics, plasma physics, neutron scattering, synchrotron light scattering, and astronomy. Starting from the laboratories of individual researchers it moved to a few larger universities, then to centralized national facilities with research and maintenance staffs, and, finally, to joint international ventures to build unique facilities, as illustrated by the subject of this conference. To better understand the nature of this type of research and its societal justification it is helpful to compare it, in general terms, with the aforementioned big-science fields. High magnetic field research differs from particle physics, plasma physics, and astronomy in three respects: (1) It is generic research that cuts across a wide range of scientific disciplines in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, and engineering; (2) It studies materials and processes that are relevant for a variety of technological applications and it gives insight into biological processes; (3) It has produced, at least, comparably significant results with incomparably smaller resources. Unlike neutron and synchrotron light scattering, which probe matter, high magnetic fields change the thermodynamic state of matter. This change of state is fundamental and independent of other state variables, such as pressure and temperature. After the magnetic field is applied, various techniques are then used to study the new state.

  12. The {open_quotes}obligation to serve{close_quotes} and a competitive electric industry

    SciTech Connect

    Colton, R.D.

    1997-11-01

    This report presents an assessment of what the ``obligation to serve`` might look like in a competitive electric industry. Broadly, this research has three objectives: to define the ``duty to serve`` of a competitive electric industry; to identify those companies to whom that duty applies; and to explain how that duty protects residual classes.

  13. [open quotes]Victory[close quotes] a matter of perception in Ward Valley dispute

    SciTech Connect

    Newman, P.

    1994-02-17

    This article concerns the legal battle over the siting of Ward Valley, a proposed low-level nuclear waste site in California's Mojave Desert. The discussion centers around a judge's decision to deny a pretrial request for adjudicatory hearings to determine the site's suitability as a repository. The site is within an area designated as territory for the desert tortoise by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

  14. The {open_quotes}special employer{close_quotes} issue for nuclear utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Jose, D.E.

    1992-01-01

    Legal aspects of the Rudenjak versus Jersey Central Power and Light Company lawsuit are summarized in the article. Rudenjak, while working for an independent contractor at the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant, received a 3.335 Rem dose of whole-body radiation over a 4-month period in 1980. In 1988, Rudenjak died of acute leukemia and his widow sued the power company. The utility filed a motion to dismiss based on the statutory employer defense, which was granted by the court; excepts of the court`s decision are included in the article. A similar suit in California is also described; the implication is that legal precedent has been established in California and New Jersey to prevent employees of independent contractors from suing utilities.

  15. Thermal state of the safety system, reactor, side reflector and shielding of the {open_quote}{open_quote}TOPAZ-2{close_quote}{close_quote} system under conditions of fire caused by a launcher accident at the launch pad

    SciTech Connect

    Grinberg, E.I.; Doschatov, V.V.; Nikolaev, V.S.; Sokolov, N.S.; Usov, V.A.

    1996-03-01

    The paper presents some results of calculational analyses performed to determine thermal state of the TOPAZ II safety system structure, radiation shielding, reactor without the side reflector, rods and inserts of the side reflector under conditions of fire at the launch pad when an accident occurs to a launch vehicle. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. Response to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Reversible work of formation of an embryo of a new phase within a uniform macroscopic mother phase{close_quote}thinsp{close_quotes} [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 111}, 3769 (1999)

    SciTech Connect

    Debenedetti, P.G.; Reiss, H.

    1999-08-01

    External constraints are necessary in order to calculate the energetics of embryo formation when the embryo is not a critical nucleus. The expression for the reversible work of formation obtained in by Debenedetti and Reiss [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 108}, 5498 (1998)] is rigorous and valid regardless of the relative densities of the embryo and mother phase. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  17. Alexander E. Kaplan quote often attributed to the US

    E-print Network

    Kaplan, Alexander

    Universe, according to the `big bang' theory, is about 14 billion years, or 5 × 1017 seconds (s) old. The ultimate timescale (`Planck time') of quantum cosmology -- approximately 10-43 s, the big bang's birth' theory. In logarithmic terms, we, with a lifetime of around 70 years (roughly 2× 109 s

  18. Optimal greenhouse-gas reductions and tax policy in the [open quotes]DICE[close quotes] model

    SciTech Connect

    Nordhaus, W.D. )

    1993-05-01

    This new model DICE, (dynamic integrated climate-economy), extends earlier studies by integrating the economic costs and benefits of greenhouse gas reductions with a simple dynamic representation of the scientific links of emissions, concentrations, and climate change. This paper sketches the DICE model, presents the major results, and inquires into alternative approaches to recycling carbon-tax revenues.

  19. Keys to evaluating {open_quotes}paleokarst{close_quotes} reservoirs - guidelines from Quaternary carbonates and enhanced petrography

    SciTech Connect

    Dravis, J.J.

    1996-12-31

    Paleokarst is often invoked to explain reservoir development in ancient brecciated carbonates. However, the paleokarst model is valid only when fabrics seen in Quaternary cave systems are present and petrography of the non-brecciated zones supports subaerial exposure. Quaternary caves typically exhibit early fractures, microscopic to cavernous secondary porosity, solution collapse and brecciation, cave cements, and reddish-brown cave fill. Inter-cavern rocks show fabric-selective dissolution, porosity inversion, precompaction cements, and capping laminated soil crusts. In brecciated Ellenburger and Upper Elk Point (Devonian, W. Canada) reservoirs, major discrepancies exist between what the paleokarst model predicts and what is actually observed. Reddish calcretes, cavernous porosity and cave cements are absent. Enhanced petrography reveals relict sutured grains, implying burial dolomitization. These same dolomites are brecciated and breccia clasts contain stylolites rotated at different angles to each other and the horizon, implying burial brecciation. Fractures cutting these burial dolomites and stylolites are burial in origin. Preserved secondary porosity is unrelated to brecciated zones and facies controlled. Therefore, brecciation and reservoir quality in both sequences were created by burial dissolution of replacement dolomites and not by subaerial karstification. Brecciation alone does not prove the unconformity-related paleokarst model or the timing of porosity development.

  20. Keys to evaluating [open quotes]paleokarst[close quotes] reservoirs - guidelines from Quaternary carbonates and enhanced petrography

    SciTech Connect

    Dravis, J.J. )

    1996-01-01

    Paleokarst is often invoked to explain reservoir development in ancient brecciated carbonates. However, the paleokarst model is valid only when fabrics seen in Quaternary cave systems are present and petrography of the non-brecciated zones supports subaerial exposure. Quaternary caves typically exhibit early fractures, microscopic to cavernous secondary porosity, solution collapse and brecciation, cave cements, and reddish-brown cave fill. Inter-cavern rocks show fabric-selective dissolution, porosity inversion, precompaction cements, and capping laminated soil crusts. In brecciated Ellenburger and Upper Elk Point (Devonian, W. Canada) reservoirs, major discrepancies exist between what the paleokarst model predicts and what is actually observed. Reddish calcretes, cavernous porosity and cave cements are absent. Enhanced petrography reveals relict sutured grains, implying burial dolomitization. These same dolomites are brecciated and breccia clasts contain stylolites rotated at different angles to each other and the horizon, implying burial brecciation. Fractures cutting these burial dolomites and stylolites are burial in origin. Preserved secondary porosity is unrelated to brecciated zones and facies controlled. Therefore, brecciation and reservoir quality in both sequences were created by burial dissolution of replacement dolomites and not by subaerial karstification. Brecciation alone does not prove the unconformity-related paleokarst model or the timing of porosity development.

  1. Global arrays: A portable {open_quotes}shared-memory{close_quotes} programming model for distributed memory computers

    SciTech Connect

    Harrison, R.J.; Nieplocha, J.; Littlefield, R.J.

    1994-11-01

    Portability, efficiency, and ease of coding are all important considerations in choosing the programming model for a scalable parallel application. The message-passing programming model is widely used because of its portability, yet some applications are too complex to code in it while also trying to maintain a balanced computation load and avoid redundant computations. The shared-memory programming model simplifies coding, but it is not portable and often provides little control over interprocessor data transfer costs. This paper describes a new approach, called Global Arrays (GA), that combines the better features of both other models, leading to both simple coding and efficient execution. The key concept of GA is that it provides a portable interface through which each process in a MIMD parallel program can asynchronously access logical blocks of physically distributed matrices, with no need for explicit cooperation by other processes. The authors have implemented GA libraries on a variety of computer systems, including the Intel DELTA and Paragon, the IBM SP-1 (all message-passers), the Kendall Square KSR-2 (a nonuniform access shared-memory machine), and networks of Unix workstations. They discuss the design and implementation of these libraries, report their performance, illustrate the use of GA in the context of computational chemistry applications, and describe the use of a GA performance visualization tool.

  2. {open_quotes}Secure Bus{close_quotes} disturbance-free power at the utility substation level

    SciTech Connect

    Boenig, H.J.; Jones, W.H.

    1996-12-01

    Over the last 18 months Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM), El Camino Real Engineering, Inc. (CRE), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) have worked on the development of disturbance-free power at the medium voltage substation level. The work resulted in the Secure Bus concept, a system in which a medium voltage bus in a substation is immune to power outages and voltage sags on the utility source. The Secure Bus voltage is also immune to voltage sags resulting from faults on any distribution feeder connected to the bus. The Secure Bus concept originated from work conducted to improve power quality for large high-tech manufacturing facilities, in particular for large semiconductor manufacturing plants. For the demands on quality power of a modern facility conventional equipment is not adequate for protecting the end user. For example, the operation of conventional vacuum breakers during short circuit conditions on a feeder circuit, requiring 3 to 5 cycles for breaker opening, does not allow for fast enough current interruption to avoid a voltage dip on the main bus. A sever voltage sag could result in a shut down of sensitive equipment being supplied by the other feeder circuits, which are connected to the main bus. The circumvent the problem, a fast breaker was introduced which interrupts the short circuit before the current causes a significant voltage disturbance. To make the bus immune also to power disturbances caused by power outages, energy storage is introduced to provide the necessary energy back-up in case the primary source is not available.

  3. Superconductivity of {open_quotes}conducting polymer-fullerene alkali metal{close_quotes} composites: Dreams and realities

    SciTech Connect

    Zakhidov, A.A.; Yoshino, K.

    1996-10-01

    Composites of fullerene C{sub 60} with conjugated polymers (CP) like polyalkylthiophene (PAT) and polyphenylene vinylene derivative (OO-PPV) have earlier demonstrated intensive charge transfer upon photoexcitation. Doping of CP/C{sub 60} composites by A metal vapors (A=K,Rb) is aimed at C{sub 60} induced SC, in which electrons of CP chains may participate in SC pairing, induced via hybridization with C{sub 60} molecules. We have found an SC phase experimentally both in PAT. (C{sub 60}) {sub y}K{sub x} and OO.PPV (C{sub 60}){sub y}K{sub x} by a sensitive method of low field microwave absorption (LFMA), and proved by SQUID. The SCT{sub c} ranges from 12 to 17 K, depending on y and x. This SC phase shows a granular behavior in LFMA, and thus originates from SC A{sub 3}C{sub 60} clusters weakly linked by Josephson junctions. True C{sub 60} induced SC might be masked by granular A{sub 3}C{sub 60}. Anomalous LFMA and paramagnetic Meissner effects observed in SQUID, indicate the existence of Josephson {pi}-junctions. CP is apparently involved in SC via spin carrying polarons P in CP chains, which play a role of {pi}-junctions. Strategies for further search of C{sub 60} induced SC are discussed.

  4. Coal air turbine {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} program invention 604. Fourth quarter project report, July 1995--September 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Foster-Pegg, R.W.

    1995-10-31

    A coal air turbine `CAT` generates electric power and heat from coal combustion. The purpose of this project is the conceptual design of a `CAT` plant, and to make a comparison of the capital cost and and cost of power and steam from the `CAT` plant with power produced by alternate plants at the same site. Three configurations investigated include: condensing plant utilizing coal fuel and a condenser tower, or river, for cooling; a cogeneration plant utilizing coal and a steam turbine; and a cogeneration plant utilizing steam export and injection with waste coal fuel.

  5. Word with internal double-quote mark ("): " " Word with double-quote mark (") before the last letter: "

    E-print Network

    Wintner, Shuly

    dictionary. "The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) released its budget." "She works at the Culinary Institute of America (CIA)." "Alumni of the Cleveland Institute of Art support the CIA." Acronyms affect NLP

  6. United States based agricultural {open_quotes}waste products{close_quotes} as fillers in a polypropylene homopolymer

    SciTech Connect

    Jacobson, R.E.; Rowell, R.M.; Caulfield, D.F.

    1995-11-01

    With the advent of modern coupling agents (MAPP or maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene), the potential use of various types of renewable, sustainable agricultural byproducts as fillers in thermoplastics is explored. Over 7.7 billion pounds of fillers were used in the plastics industry in 1993. With sharp price increases in commodity thermoplastics (i.e. approximately 25% in 94`), the amount of fillers in thermoplastic materials will increase throughout the 90`s. Various types of agricultural fibers are evaluated for mechanical properties vs. 50% wood flour and 40% talc filled polypropylene (PP). The fibers included in this study are: kenaf core, oat straw, wheat straw, oat hulls, wood flour (pine), corncob, hard corncob, rice hulls, peanut hulls, corn fiber, soybean hull, residue, and jojoba seed meal. Composite interfaces were modified with MAPP to improve the mechanical properties through increased adhesion between the hydrophilic and polar fibers with the hydrophobic and non-polar matrix. The agro-waste composites had compositions of 50% agro-waste/48% PP/2% MAPP. All of the agricultural waste by-products were granulated through a Wiley mill with a 30 mesh screen and compounded in a high intensity shear-thermo kinetic mixer. The resultant blends were injection molded into ASTM standard samples and tested for tensile, flexural, and impact properties. This paper reports on the mechanical properties of the twelve resultant composites and compares them to wood flour and talc-filled polypropylene composites. The mechanical properties of kenaf core, oat straw, wheat straw, and oat hulls compare favorably to the wood flour and talc-filled PP, which are both commercially available and used in the automotive and furniture markets.

  7. Intermodal transportation simulation system {open_quotes}A new prototype for the 21st century{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Bragdon, C.R.; Berkowitz, C.M.

    1996-12-31

    The National Aviation and Transportation Center{reg_sign} (NAT Center) has established the first Intermodal Transportation Simulation System (OTSS) in the United States. This system identifies and contributes to the solution of intermodal transportation problems using computer-based simulation that includes all three spatial dimensions: aerial, surface and subsurface. The system utilizes the five human senses and all modes of transportation related to air, land and sea. The first phase of this program is supported by a $2.9 million United States Department of Transportation grant. This funding was used to recently establish an advanced technology simulation laboratory. The simulation laboratory is used for strategic planning and problem solving, environmental issues, route and system planning, public participation and conflict resolution, emergency preparedness and risk assessment, human factor issues, logistics and scheduling, economic development as well as financial feasibility and business planning. This technology helps define the systems that enable transportation specialists to better understand the movement of people and goods in a safe and efficient manner using risk-free and less environmentally intrusive training techniques. The simulation system is capable of evaluating problems and provide training at the micro and macro levels. Micro activities include operator-level training, planning and gaming; macro activities range from regional planning to project design and evaluation. Some of the other activities involve personnel and equipment resource management and electronic multimedia simulations applied to large-scale transportation projects and issues using electronic rehearsal exercises. Key to the use of this simulation based facility is the enhancement of transportation that has economic development benefits.

  8. Development of NZP ceramic based {open_quotes}cast-in-place{close_quotes} diesel engine port liners

    SciTech Connect

    Nagaswaran, R.; Limaye, S.Y.

    1996-02-01

    BSX (Ba{sub 1+x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6-2x}Si{sub 2x}O{sub 24}) and CSX (Ca{sub l-x}Sr{sub x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6}O{sub 24}) type NZP ceramics were fabricated and characterized for: (i) thermal properties viz., thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, thermal stability and thermal shock resistance; (ii) mechanical properties viz., flexure strength and elastic modulus; and (iii) microstructures. Results of these tests and analysis indicated that the BS-25 (x=0.25 in BSX) and CS-50 (x=0.50 in CSX) ceramics had the most desirable properties for casting metal with ceramic in place. Finite element analysis (FEA) of metal casting (with ceramic in place) was conducted to analyze thermomechanical stresses generated and determine material property requirements. Actual metal casting trials were also conducted to verify the results of finite element analysis. In initial trials, the ceramic cracked because of the large thermal expansion mismatch (hoop) stresses (predicted by FEA also). A process for introduction of a compliant layer between the metal and ceramic to alleviate such destructive stresses was developed. The compliant layer was successful in preventing cracking of either the ceramic or the metal. In addition to these achievements, pressure slip casting and gel-casting processes for fabrication of NZP components; and acoustic emission and ultrasonics-based NDE techniques for detection of microcracks and internal flaws, respectively, were successfully developed.

  9. BIG KARL and COSY: Examples for high performance magnet design taught by {open_quotes}Papa Klaus{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtstedt, U.; Hacker, U.; Maier, R.; Martin, S.; Berg, G.P.A.; Hardt, A.; Huerlimann, W.; Meissburger, J.; Roemer, J.G.M.

    1995-02-01

    The past decades have seen a tremendous development in nuclear, middle, and high energy physics. This advance was in a great part promoted by the availability of newer and more powerful instruments. Over time, these instruments grew in size as well as in sophistication and precision. Nearly all these devices had one fundamental thing in common - magnetic fields produced with currents and iron. The precision demanded by the new experiments and machines did bring the magnet technology to new frontiers requiring the utmost in the accuracy of magnetic fields. The complex properties of the iron challenged innumerable physicists in the attempt to force the magnetic fields into the desired shape. Experience and analytical insight were the pillars for coping with those problems and only few mastered the skills and were in addition able to communicate their intricate knowledge. It was a fortuitous situation that the authors got to know Klaus Halbach who belonged to those few and who shared his knowledge contributing thus largely to the successful completion of two large instruments that were built at the Forschungszentrum Juelich, KFA, for nuclear and middle energy physics. In one case the efforts went to the large spectrometer named BIG KARL whose design phase started in the early 70`s. In the second case the work started in the early 80`s with the task to build a high precision 2.5 GeV proton accelerator for cooled stored and extracted beams known as COSY-Juelich.

  10. {open_quotes}Exchange-spring{close_quotes} Nd-Fe-B alloys: Investigations into reversal mechanisms and their temperature dependence

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, L.H.; Welch, D.O.; Panchanathan, V.

    1996-10-01

    In order to investigate factors affecting coercivity a series of two-phase Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B-based nanocomposite alloys with different excess iron concentrations were produced by melt-spinning methods. The constituent grain size was estimated by diffraction methods to be in the range of 150 {Angstrom} - 500 {Angstrom}, and room-temperature demagnetization curves verify that the alloys studied exhibit a modest remanence enhancement. Isothermal remanence magnetization (IRM) and dc-demagnetization (DCD) measurements performed at temperatures in the range 275 K {le} T {le} 350 K illustrate that the coercivity and irreversible magnetization develops in a bimodal, incoherent manner from a demagnetized state but upon demagnetization from a saturated state the system evinces collective, exchange-coupled behavior as illustrated by the reversible magnetization M{sub rev}. The temperature dependencies and values of the irreversible susceptibility X{sub irr} (DCD) suggest that a moderating phase with a magnetic anisotropy intermediate to the two constituent main phases may be present in the alloys.

  11. Molecular genetics of the glaucomas: Mapping of the first five {open_quotes}GLC{close_quotes} loci

    SciTech Connect

    Raymond, V.

    1997-02-01

    Glaucoma encompasses a complex of ocular-disease entities characterized by an optic neuropathy in which degeneration of retinal ganglion cells leads to a characteristic excavation of the head of the optic nerve. Such damage causes progressive narrowing of the visual fields and, when uncontrolled, blindness. Affected people often have ocular hypertension defined as intraocular pressures consistently >21 mm Hg in both eyes. Although ocular hypertension is no longer an obligatory diagnostic criterion for glaucoma, it is still recognized as one of the most important risk factors. A diagnosis of glaucoma is made after observation of the characteristic atrophy of the optic nerve, which is associated with typical visual field defects. In 1992, the World Health Organization estimated that, in the global population, 5.2 million people were blind as a result of glaucoma, making it the third leading cause of blindness worldwide. The most common form is adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma, which represents {ge}50% of all cases of glaucoma. Among Caucasians, this form of the disorder affects {approximately}2% of the population >45 years old. In African Americans, prevalence of adult-onset open-angle glaucoma is three to four times higher than that observed in White Americans. More than 15 million North Americans may have some form of glaucoma, but at least half of them may not be aware of it. 43 refs., 1 tab.

  12. {open_quote}Nintendo Rig{close_quote} lets two men do work of three on traditional servicing rig

    SciTech Connect

    Rintoul, B.

    1996-01-01

    New well servicing rig saves costs and increases safety by using a robot derrickman. The rigs is called the Nintendo Rig, taking the name from the joystick that controls the robot on the racking board 25 feet above the ground. An automated tong/slip package permanently mounted on the front of the rig handles pipe and rods on the ground.

  13. Plant and environment interactions: Growth and yield response of commercial bearing-age {open_quote}Casselman{close_quote} plum trees to various ozone partial pressures

    SciTech Connect

    Retzlaff, W.A.; Williams, L.E.; DeJong, T.M.

    1997-05-01

    Nursery stock of plum (Prunus salicina Lindel., cv. Casselman) was planted 1 Apr. 1988 in an experimental orchard at the Univ. of California Kearney Agricultural Center near Fresno, CA. Trees in this study were enclosed in open-top fumigation chambers on 1 May 1989, and exposed to three atmospheric ozone partial pressures (charcoal filtered air, ambient air, and ambient air + ozone) during the 1989 through 1992 growing seasons (typically 1 Apr. - 1 Nov.). A nonchamber treatment plot was used to assess chamber effects on tree performance. This study details the results of the exposures during the initial commercial bearing period (1991 through 1993) in this orchard. The mean 12-h (0800-2000 h Pacific Daylight Time [PDT]) ozone partial pressures during the experimental periods in the charcoal filtered, ambient, ambient + ozone, and nonchamber treatments averaged 0.031, 0.048, 0.091, and 0.056 {mu}Pa Pa{sup {minus}1} in 1991 and 1992, respectively. Fruit number per tree decreased as atmospheric ozone partial pressure increased from the charcoal filtered to ambient + ozone treatment, significantly affecting yield. Yield of plum trees averaged 23.6, 19.8, 13.7, and 17.9 kg tree{sup {minus}1} in 1991 and 1992 in the charcoal filtered, ambient, ambient + ozone, and nonchamber treatments, respectively. Only one out of the five original treatment plots was exposed to ozone treatments during the 1993 growing season. Yield of plum trees in this single replicate in 1993 was reduced by increased atmospheric ozone partial pressure. Yield of plum trees in the four remaining unexposed treatment plots in 1993 was 16.7, 17.9, and 16.0 kg tree{sup {minus}1} in the previous charcoal filtered, ambient, and ambient + ozone treatments respectively. The similarity in yield of the post-chamber treatments indicates that a change in air quality in the current growing season can affect yield of Casselman plum trees. 26 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  14. Nature of plant stimulators in the production of Acetobacter xylinum ({open_quotes}Tea fungas{close_quotes}) biofilm used in skin therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Fontana, J.D.; Franco, V.C.; Lyra, I.N.; De Souza, A.M.; De Souza, S.

    1991-12-31

    Caffeine and related xanthines were identified as potent stimulators for the bacterial cellulose production in A. xylinum. These compounds are present in several plants whose infusions are useful as culture-medium supplements for this acetobacterium. The proposed target for these native purine-like inhibitory substances is the novel diguanyl nucleotide phosphodiesterase(s) that participates in the bacterial cellulogenic complex.

  15. QA (Quality Assurance) role in advanced energy activities: Towards an /open quotes/orthodox/close quotes/ Quality Program: Canonizing the traditions at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect

    Bodnarczuk, M.W.

    1988-02-01

    After a brief description of the goal of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) this paper poses and answers three questions related to Quality Assurance (QA) at the Laboratory. First, what is the difference between 'orthodox' and 'unorthodox' QA and is there a place for 'orthodox' QA at a laboratory like Fermilab. Second, are the deeper philosophical and cultural frameworks of high-energy physics acommodating or antagonistic to an 'orthodox' QA Program. Finally, faced with the task of developing an institutional QA program for Fermilab where does one begin. The paper is based on experience with the on-going development and implementation of an institutional QA Program at Fermilab. 10 refs.

  16. {open_quotes}The effects of diabetes on the activity of the enzyme glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amindotransferase{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, S.P.

    1994-12-31

    Hexsoamine synthetic pathway (HexNSP) controls the supply of essential substrates for glycoprotein synthesis. In vitro studies suggest that increased flux of glucose via the hexsoamine synthetic pathway may play a role in glucose induced insulin resistance of glucose transport. Glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amindotransferase (GFAT) controls flux into the hexsoamine synthetic pathway; the major products are UDPN-acetylhexosamines (UDP.HexNac=UDP.GlcNAc= UDP.GalNac). I examined whether diabetes ({approximately} 7 days post intravenous streptozotocin, and genetically linked) affects the activity of glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate in rat and mouse skeletal muscle in vivo. Nucleotide linked HexNAc were analyzed by high pressure liquid chromatography(HPLC) in deproteinized hind limb muscle extracts.

  17. Assessment of possible consequences of a hypothetical reactivity accident associated with a {open_quotes}Topaz-2{close_quotes} spacecraft reactor entering water

    SciTech Connect

    Glushkov, E.S.; Ermoshin, M.Yu.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi; Skorlygin, V.V.

    1994-12-01

    An accident analysis for a Russian Topaz-2 nuclear reactor is summarized. The accident scenario involves emergency return from orbit, severe damage to reactor structural elements, and subsequent falling of the reactor core into the ocean. The thermionic converter reactor, used in spacecraft, has a large neutron leakage which decreases when water enters the inner core cavity. Preliminary results of numerical modeling, summarized in the article, show that the possible consequences of the hypothetical accidental submersion are limited. 8 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Comment on [open quotes]Prediction of Geomagnetic Activity[close quotes] by C. K. Goertz, Lin-Hua Shan, and R. A. Smith

    SciTech Connect

    McPherron, R.L. ); Rostoker, G. )

    1993-05-01

    The authors comment on the previous paper by Goertz, et. al., which they had refereed prior to the authors deaths. They question a number of correlations claimed in that paper. In particular the auroral electrojet index observed, and that infered from ISEE 3 measurements. They also point out possible problems with a cutoff time filter applied to data used in the study. This filter would remove high frequency variations in the electrojet observations. Goertz, et. al. obtain equations for the ionospheric electric field which mimic the field across a resistor in an inductive circuit driven by a time varying voltage. The authors argue that their success in making predictions based on these equations is a consequence of several factors which they did not fully explore.

  19. Corrections to the paper {open_quotes}fitting the armitage-doll model to radiation-exposed cohorts and implications for population cancer risks{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Little, M.P.; Hawkins, M.M.; Charles, M.W.; Hildreth, N.G.

    1994-01-01

    A recent paper analyzed patterns of cancer in the Japanese atomic bomb survivors and three other groups exposed to radiation by fitting the so-called multistage model of Armitage and Doll. The paper concluded that the incidence of solid cancer could be described adequately by a model in which up to two stages affected by radiation were assumed but that the data for leukemia within the bomb survivors might not be so well fitted. This was in part because of a failure to account for the observed linear-quadratic dose response that has been observed in the Japanese cohort. It has recently come to our attention that there was a mistake in the fits of the model with two adjacent radiation-affected stages, whereby the quadratic coefficient in dose was being set to zero in all the fits. This paper provides corrections in the calculations for the model and discusses the results.

  20. The DuPont, Monsanto, General Electric {open_quotes}Lasagna{close_quotes} Remediation Project - joint R&D and financing

    SciTech Connect

    Palmer, P.A.

    1995-03-01

    The Lasagna project is the first of what we expect will be several large cooperative projects between industry consortia and government to develop improved remediation technologies. In 1992, Monsanto Company began contacting other major corporations to see if they were experiencing similar difficulties in applying cost-effective, or even workable technologies for industrial site remediation. Both General Electric and DuPont were early participants in the effort to develop a meeting with the EPA to discuss technical problems faced in cleanup, research needs, and ways to accelerate development of more cost-effective techniques. This paper provides some background on how this cooperative process came to reality, what the Lasagna process is and how the cooperative arrangements and financing are structured.

  1. {open_quotes}Black Gold{close_quotes} leads to new structural interpretation, Northern Sangre de Cristo Mountains/Northeast San Luis Basin

    SciTech Connect

    Watkins, T.A.; Belcher, J.S.; Gries, R.

    1995-06-01

    In the course of exploring for gold along the east margin of the Rio Grande Rift (northern Sangre de Cristo Mountains and northeastern San Luis Basin) live Cretaceous oil was discovered in fractured Precambrian gneiss in 25 of 42 shallow drill holes. Geologic mapping located two outcrops of Mesozoic sediments along the west flank of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Mancos Shale, Dakota Group and Morrison Formation sediments were identified from 17 drill holes. These are the first known occurrences of Mesozoic sediments in the area. Previous investigations had concluded that the Mesozoic section eroded from the San Luis uplift during the Laramide. Surface and subsurface geologic data was integrated with gravity, magnetic and seismic surveys for a new structural interpretation. The San Luis Basin is separated from the mountains by an intermediate block and the main basin-bounding fault is three miles west-southwest of the mountain front. A major low-angle, normal fault or detachment fault is related to Miocene rifting. A thick section of Mesozoic sediments are interpreted to be present in the hanging wall of this low angle fault. Buried and thermally matured in a Laramide intermountane basin, these sediments are likely the source of the present day oil found in Precambrian rocks.

  2. The final LDRD report for the project entitled: {open_quotes}Enhanced analysis of complex gas mixtures by pattern recognition of microsensor array signals{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Hughes, R.C.; Osbourn, G.C.

    1996-09-01

    Microsensors do not have the selectivity to chemical species available in large laboratory instruments. This project employed arrays of catalytically gated silicon microsensors with different catalysts to create data streams which can be analyzed by pattern recognition programs. One of the most significant accomplishments of the program was the demonstration of that mixtures of H{sub 2} with the oxidants NO{sub x} and O{sub 2} could distinguished from one another by the use of different catalytic metals on the Sandia Robust Hydrogen (SRH) sensors and the newly developed pattern recognition algorithm. This sensor system could be used to identify explosive gas mixtures and analyze exhaust streams for pollution control.

  3. [open quotes]Interactive effects of O[sub 3] and CO[sub 2] enrichment on photosynthetic acclimation. II. Non-biochemical limitations[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Fiscus, E.L.; Reid, C.D.; Burkey, K.O. )

    1994-06-01

    Non-biochemical limitations in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated atmospheric CO[sub 2] and O[sub 3] may be partitioned between stomatal diffusion and energy capture. To determine the importance of these limitations on the mechanisms of photosynthetic acclimation, soybean (Glycine max) plants were grown in a 4 CO[sub 2] [times] 3 O[sub 3] combination in open-top field chambers for one growing seasons. Midday stomatal conductance was measured in the field at regular intervals through the season. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements were made both in situ on leaf discs in the lab. Stomatal conductance was highest in ambient CO[sub 2] [times] charcoaled-filtered air (2.4 cm.s[sup [minus]1]) and decreased with increasing CO[sub 2] and/or O[sub 3], the lowest conductance being in high CO[sub 2] [times] 1.5 O[sub 3] (50% of control). Quantum efficiency was significantly reduced by O[sub 3] (72% of control) and although it was also reduced somewhat by high CO[sub 2] (90% of control), in combination the reductions due to O[sub 3] exposure lost statistical significance, indicating that high CO[sub 2] moderated this aspect of O[sub 3] damage. A shift among non-biochemical limitations of photosynthesis is suggested when plants are exposed to a combination of these trace gases.

  4. Detection of {open_quotes}cryptic{close_quotes}karyotypic rearrangements in closely related primate species by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using human subtelomeric DNA probes

    SciTech Connect

    Youngblom, J.J.; Trask, B.J.; Friedman, C.

    1994-09-01

    Specific human subtelomeric DNA probes were used to reveal cryptic chromosomal rearrangements that cannot be detected by conventional high resolution cytogenetic techniques, or by chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization using whole chromosome paint analysis. Two cosmids containing different subtelomeric DNA sequences were derived from human chromosome 19 and designated as 7501 and 16432. Cosmid 7501 was hybridized to chromosomes from humans, chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan. In humans, 7501 consistently labeled chromosomes 3q, 15q, and 19p. Additional chromosomes were labeled in different individuals, indicating a polymorphic distribution of this sequence in the human genome. In contrast, 7501 consistently and strongly labeled only the q arm terminus of chromosome 3 in both chimp and gorilla. The identification of the chromosome was made by two-color FISH analysis using human chromosome 4-specific paint and homologous to human chromosome 4. None of the human subjects showed labeling of chromosome 4 with 7501. This finding suggests that in the course of human evolution, subsequent to the divergence of humans and African apes, a cryptic translocation occurred between the ancestral human chromosome 4 and one or more of the other human chromosomes that now contain this DNA segment. In orangutan, 7501 labeled a single acrocentric chromosome pair, a distinctly different chromosome than that labeled in chimp and gorilla. Comparison of chromosome sites labeled with cosmid 16432 showed the distribution of signals on chromosome 1q arm is the same for humans and chimp, but different in the gorilla. Humans and chimps show distinct labeling on sites 1q terminus and 1q41-42. In gorilla, there is instead a large cluster of intense signal near the terminus of 1q that clearly does not extend all the way to the terminus. A paracentric inversion or an unequal cross-over event may account for the observed difference between these species.

  5. Summary evaluation of the video, {open_quotes}Transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials: Safety for all concerned{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Monroe, M.C.; Young, C.F.

    1993-07-01

    Outreach materials are often developed and distributed without evaluation of their effectiveness. This report provides a glimpse of the effectiveness of one of the US Department of Energy`s videos on transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials. Data from a survey developed by Modern Talking Picture Service, Inc. are summarized. This survey was sent to recipients of the video at three to six weeks after they had received and viewed the video. The response rate is unknown; hence, the results suggest the range of perspectives on the video, rather than the representativeness of those perspectives. The results are also limited by incomplete responses to the survey. Most respondents were middle school and high school teachers who resided throughout the country. Respondents used the video in nearly all school subjects. Most respondents indicated that the video was fairly good and appreciated the factual information, although some saw it as propaganda. Respondents indicated that they would like additional information on hazardous wastes, nuclear power, and transportation. The test crashes were mentioned as a highlight of the video. Recommendations for revising the video and survey are included.

  6. Mental retardation in a child with a {open_quotes}de novo{close_quotes} deletion of terminal 14q and a family history of dyslexia

    SciTech Connect

    Mak-Tam, E.; Capua, E.; Shugar, A.

    1994-09-01

    A couple presented for prenatal diagnosis for advanced maternal age. A review of the family history revealed that their elder daughter was mentally retarded while their second daughter was of normal intelligence. The father and his brother were both dyslexic. The paternal grandmother had lost three pregnancies, all female. The elder daughter had been fully assessed in the past, but no diagnosis had been made. During her first few years, she was frequently ill and failed to thrive. A developmental assessment at age 5 years concluded that she was moderately mentally retarded. She was minimally dysmorphic. DNA testing for fragile X and urine amnio acids, organic acids and metabolic screen were negative. Chromosome and FISH analyses revealed a satellited 14q with a deletion of 14q32.3. Parents did not show the karyotypic changes, but FISH studies on them and the dyslexic uncle are pending. A molecular work-up of chromosome 14 in this family is also in progress. In this child, the phenotype is probably related to the cytogenetic findings. The information about 14q terminal deletions in the literature is limited but a fairly consistent phenotype, which is slightly different from ring 14, is emerging. This is more obvious in infants that in older children. The family history of dyslexia could be unrelated to our patient`s findings but it is also possible that there is a recessive gene for dyslexia in this family which maps to 14q32.3. The current molecular map of this area provides no answer to this question. Genes mapped to 14q3.3 include the alpha-1-antitrypsin gene, the brain component of creative kinase (CKB) and the immunoglobulin heavy chain genes. Loss of heterozygosity of 14q has been associated with end stage human neuroblastoma and colonic neoplasia.

  7. Inheriting workplace risks: The effect of workers` compensation {open_quotes}exclusive remedy{close_quotes} clauses on the preconception tort after Johnson Controls

    SciTech Connect

    Stern, C.; Tierney, C.M.G.

    1993-12-31

    This article explores whether exclusive remedy clauses will bar a tort action by a child seeking recovery for injury caused by his or her parent`s occupational exposure to mutagenic or toxic agents before the child`s conception in the same manner that the clauses bar spouses` loss of consortium suits. Because both the child`s right to recover for injury and the spouse`s right to recover for loss of consortium depend on proof of employer negligence toward the employee, a comparison of the two rights provides a framework for analyzing the effect exclusive remedy clauses could have on the preconception tort action. Part I of this article discusses exclusive remedy clauses of workers` compensation acts and illustrates how it might be asserted as a defense to a preconception tort action. Part II traces the development of the preconception tort action and its underlying theory of liability. Part III reviews how exclusive remedy clauses have served to bar loss of consortium suits. Part IV analyzes the applicability of exclusive remedy clauses to the preconception tort action. This article concludes that, absent revision to workers` compensation statutes or judicial reliance on public policy to distinguish loss of consortium and preconception tort suits, exclusive remedy clauses probably will be held to bar recovery in preconception tort actions. 121 refs.

  8. Oil spill Cleanup: {open_quote}windows of opportunity{close_quote}: Operational decision-making integrates combination of factors to improve contingency planning, response worldwide

    SciTech Connect

    Nordvik, A.B.; Simmons, J.L.; Champ, M.A.

    1995-10-01

    Oil spill contingency planning and response is an extremely complex and challenging cross-disciplinary activity. It combines a wide range of activities under emergency response conditions that include the nature of the material spilled, local environmental conditions, sensitivity of impacted natural resources, and selection and effectiveness of response/cleanup technologies. This also emcompasses emergency mobilization, marine operations and effectiveness of operations, air surveillance, remote sensing, on-site and regional spill trajectory, human protection, safety assessments, oily waste minimization, handling and disposal, and education and training. Effective oil spill planning and response today also requires a large amount of available data and information and the ability to rapidly process and manage this information. In addition, the decision-making process must integrate all of this information on a sound scientific and engineering basis, which is now possible with the technology windows-of-opportunity. This new concept integrates scientific and engineering data and information, which together provide a common foundation for the development of a rapid and cost-effective tool as an operational instrument for oil spill contingency planning and spill response. It is intended to be used by state and federal agencies, response planners, cleanup organizations, insurance companies, tanker owners, and oil transporters.

  9. Conference on the topic: {open_quotes}Exploration and production of petroleum and gas from chalk reservoirs worldwide{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Kuznetsov, V.G.

    1995-07-01

    More than 170 delegates from 14 countries in Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia took part in a conference on the topic: Exploration and Production of Petroleum and Gas from Chalk Reservoirs Worldwide. The conference was held in Copenhagen, Denmark in September,1994, and was a joint meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG), and the European Association of Petroleum Geoscientists and Engineers (EAPG). In addition to the opening remarks, 25 oral and nine poster reports were presented. The topics included chalk deposits as reservoir rocks, the occurrence of chalk deposits worldwide, the North Sea oil and gas fields, and other related topics.

  10. You won`t find these leaks with a blower door: The latest in {open_quotes}leaking electricity{close_quotes} in homes

    SciTech Connect

    Rainer, L.; Greenberg, S.; Meier, A.

    1996-08-01

    Leaking electricity is the energy consumed by appliances when they are switched off or not performing their principal functions. Field measurements in Florida, California, and Japan show that leaking electricity represents 50 to 100 Watts in typical homes, corresponding to about 5 GW of total electricity demand in the United States. There are three strategies to reduce leaking electricity: eliminate leakage entirely, eliminate constant leakage and replace with intermittent charge plus storage, and improve efficiency of conversion. These options are constrained by the low value of energy savings-less than $5 per saved Watt. Some technical and lifestyle solutions are proposed. 13 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  11. {open_quotes}Exchange-spring{close_quotes} Nd{endash}Fe{endash}B alloys: Investigations into reversal mechanisms and their temperature dependence

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, L.H.; Welch, D.O.; Panchanathan, V.

    1997-04-01

    In order to investigate factors affecting coercivity a series of two-phase Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B-based nanocomposite alloys with different excess iron concentrations were produced by melt-spinning methods. The constituent grain size was estimated by diffraction methods to be in the range of 150{endash}500 {Angstrom}, and room-temperature demagnetization curves verify that the alloys studied exhibit a modest remanence enhancement. Isothermal remanence magnetization (IRM) and dc demagnetization (DCD) measurements performed at temperatures in the range 275K{le}T{le}350K illustrate that the coercivity and irreversible magnetization develop in a bimodal, incoherent manner from a demagnetized state but upon demagnetization from a saturated state the system evinces collective, exchange-coupled behavior as illustrated by the reversible magnetization M{sub rev}. The temperature dependencies and values of the irreversible susceptibility {chi}{sub irr} (DCD) suggest that a moderating phase with a magnetic anisotropy intermediate to the two constituent main phases may be present in the alloys. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. A progress report on the LDRD project entitled {open_quotes}Microelectronic silicon-based chemical sensors: Ultradetection of high value molecules{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Hughes, R.C.

    1996-09-01

    This work addresses a new kind of silicon based chemical sensor that combines the reliability and stability of silicon microelectronic field effect devices with the highly selective and sensitive immunoassay. The sensor works on the principle that thin SiN layers on lightly doped Si can detect pH changes rapidly and reversibly. The pH changes affect the surface potential, and that can be quickly determined by pulsed photovoltage measurements. To detect other species, chemically sensitive films were deposited on the SiN where the presence of the chosen analyte results in pH changes through chemical reactions. A invention of a cell sorting device based on these principles is also described. A new method of immobilizing enzymes using Sandia`s sol-gel glasses is documented and biosensors based on the silicon wafer and an amperometric technique are detailed.

  13. Ferric complexes as catalysts for {open_quotes}Fenton{close_quotes} degradation of 2,4-D and metolachlor in soil

    SciTech Connect

    Pignatello, J.J.; Baehr, K.

    1994-03-01

    Fenton-type reactions of hydrogen peroxide with Fe compounds generate bydroxyl radical (OH{center_dot}) or other reactive species and are potentially useful for degrading organic contaminants in soil. The use of simple Fe salts is limited, however. This study investigated certain pH 6-soluble Fe(III) complexes (Fe-L, where L is an organic tigand) as catalysts for degradation of herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and metolachlor (2-chloro-N-[2-ethyl 6-methylphenyl]-N-[2-methoxy-l-methylethyl]acetamide). Reactions were carried out in 1:1 aqueous suspensions of a topsoil (15.7 g kg{sup -1} organic C) at the natural pH of 5.7 with herbicides at concentrations representative of a spill (2-3 g kg{sup -1} about 0.01 mol kg{sup -1}). The two herbicides had contrasting sorption behavior in that 2,4-D was mostly in solution, whereas metotachlor was mostly sorbed. The best results were obtained using Fe-nitrilotriscetate (NTA) or Fe-hydroxyethyleniminodiacetate (HEIDA) at 0.01 mol kg-{sup -1} and [H{sub 2}O{sub 2}]{ge} 0.5 mol kg{sup -1}. The gallic acid complex was less effective. In 3 h,{sup 14}C-labeled 2,4-D was quantitatively dechlorinated and partially (15-30%) converted to {sup 14}CO{sub 2}: metolachlor was 93% transformed and 29% dechlorinated. Controls using free ligand plus peroxide or peroxide alone gave little or no reaction. Fe-L + H{sub 2}O{sub 2} was superior to the Fenton reagent itself (Fe{sup 2+} + H{sub 2}O{sub 2}). The results of this study demonstrate that relatively mild chemical oxidation can be effective for remediation of certain contaminants in soil 23 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  14. SSC 17-meter dipole magnet DD000Z test results and investigation of coil failure: The report of the {open_quotes}Z{close_quotes} Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Coombes, R.; Mirk, K.; Tompkins, J.; Zbasnik, J.; Lundy, R.; Schneider, W.; Wanderer, P.

    1988-03-01

    Following the failure of the lower inner coil of magnet DD000Z on November 3, 1987, a committee was formed on November 11 and given the following charges: `To review the events leading up to and including the failure of the coils of magnet DD000Z. The intent of the review will be to determine the cause of the failure and to make recommendations to reduce the likelihood of such failures in the future. Given the fact that this is the first long magnet to be disassembled, the committee may uncover leads which point to other opportunities for improvement. The committee should follow up on these leads. The committee should prepare a plan to serve as an initial guide for the disassembly and provide guidance as the disassembly progresses.` The committee held its first meeting at FNAL on 17 and 18 Nov to review the record of events leading up to the failure and to establish an initial disassembly procedure. This was followed by further meetings at FNAL, BNL, and CDG, leading to this final report. Committee activities included interviewing personnel who had been involved in the design, assembly and testing of DD000Z, reviewing all documents relating to the magnet and its failure, and participating in and providing guidance during the disassembly. The intention of the committee was to report factual findings, to consider well founded hypotheses, not to consider conjecture and to avoid speculation.

  15. Reply to comments on [open quotes]Detection of climatic change in the western North American Arctic using a synoptic climatological approach[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Kalkstein, L.S.; Dunne, P.C.; Ye, H. )

    1993-07-01

    It has been suggested that previous results indicating an increase in surface temperatures over the past 40 years within the coldest air masses at four stations in the western North American Arctic may be attributed to the shorter residence time of these air masses through the time period. if true, this contradicts the original contention that these are masses have undergone physical character changes, possibly attributed to anthropogenic sources, during the period. A reevaluation of the data at two of these stations indicates that a long-term warming is, in fact, taking place even when residence time is kept constant. Thus, it is suggested that changes in the physical character of these very cold air masses are due to factors other than residence time. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Comments on [open quotes]Detection of climate change in the western North American Arctic using a synoptic climatological approach[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Burn, C.R. )

    1993-07-01

    Analyses of records from four stations in interior Yukon and adjacent Alaska concerning changes in synoptic conditions during winter indicate since the late 1940s (1) decreasing frequency of coldest air masses, (2) increasing frequency of mild air masses, and (3) warming of the coldest synoptic types. The stations used in the analyses are in valleys. The frequency analyses refer to the cumulative portion of winter when particular synoptic conditions are experienced at each site. The discussion suggests that since the lowest air temperatures are associated with topographically enhanced inversions, persistence of stable conditions may be required to generate the coldest air temperatures. As a result, the data leading to conclusion 3 may be a product of the changing airmass frequencies with cold air masses displaced more often. Upper-air observations or data from stations in upland locations may not be exhibit such effects to the same extent. 10 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Augmented Computer Exercise for Inspection Training (ACE-IT) - an interactive training tool for {open_quotes}challenge inspections{close_quotes} under the chemical weapons convention

    SciTech Connect

    Dobranich, P.R.

    1997-08-01

    The on-site inspection provisions in many current and proposed arms control agreements require extensive preparation and training on the part of both the Inspection Teams and the Inspected Parties. Current training techniques include lectures, table-top inspections, and practice inspections. The Augmented Computer Exercise for Inspection Training (ACE-IT), an interactive computer training tool, increases the utility of table-top inspections. Under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections are short-notice inspections that may occur anywhere, anytime, and with no right of refusal. The time interval between notice of intent to inspect a facility and the arrival of inspectors at the facility may be as short as 72 hours. Therefore, advance training is important. ACE-IT is used for training both the Inspection Team (inspector) and the Inspected Party (host) to conduct a hypothetical challenge inspection under the CWC. An exercise moderator controls the exercise. The training covers all of the events in the challenge inspection regime, from initial notification of an inspection through post-inspection activities. But the primary emphasis of the training tool is on conducting the inspection itself, and in particular, the concept of managed access. Managed access is used to assure the inspectors that the facility is in compliance with the CWC, while protecting sensitive information that is not related to the CWC.

  18. Accident analysis of railway transportation of low-level radioactive and hazardous chemical wastes: Application of the /open quotes/Maximum Credible Accident/close quotes/ concept

    SciTech Connect

    Ricci, E.; McLean, R.B.

    1988-09-01

    The maximum credible accident (MCA) approach to accident analysis places an upper bound on the potential adverse effects of a proposed action by using conservative but simplifying assumptions. It is often used when data are lacking to support a more realistic scenario or when MCA calculations result in acceptable consequences. The MCA approach can also be combined with realistic scenarios to assess potential adverse effects. This report presents a guide for the preparation of transportation accident analyses based on the use of the MCA concept. Rail transportation of contaminated wastes is used as an example. The example is the analysis of the environmental impact of the potential derailment of a train transporting a large shipment of wastes. The shipment is assumed to be contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls and low-level radioactivities of uranium and technetium. The train is assumed to plunge into a river used as a source of drinking water. The conclusions from the example accident analysis are based on the calculation of the number of foreseeable premature cancer deaths the might result as a consequence of this accident. These calculations are presented, and the reference material forming the basis for all assumptions and calculations is also provided.

  19. Bananas, allegators, and {open_quotes}hot rocks that shoot ghost bullets{close_quotes}: Sitings along the trail to an MRS

    SciTech Connect

    Trebules, V.; Kane, D.

    1994-04-01

    Building new electric power facilities in a community used to be greeted warmly by that community. However, during the 20 year hiatus in power plant siting, opposition to siting just about every kind of facility has grown. The challenge to site a monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility for the temporary storage of commercial spent nuclear fuel is monumental but not insurmountable. The safety and environmental records on commercial spent-fuel storage to date are impressive. This article gives an overall perspective on siting an MRS. Topics covered include the following: the Nuclear waste Policy Act; the Nuclear Waste Negotiator; DOE`s Feasibility Grand`s program; Looking back at past efforts; using portable information in some areas; and where the efforts go now in trying to site a MRS.

  20. Characterization of printing and laser trimming of DuPont 2000 series resistors on DuPont 951 {open_quotes}Green Tape{trademark}{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Morgenstern, H.; Bandler, S.; Barner, G.

    1996-10-01

    DuPont 2000 series resistors were reviewed and found to come closest to our requirement of 1% resistor tolerance over the expected 30-year life of our products. The evaluation performed involved the characterization of both the printing and trimming processes. The printing process was characterized for firing temperature print thickness, print direction, resistor geometry and encapsulant effect. Laser trimming was characterized by first finding an operating envelope and then selecting an operating point. The envelope was located by varying the trimming parameters and determining their acceptability to electrical and visual criteria. Samples from both the envelope and operating point were environmentally conditioned The conditioning included thermal shock temperature cycle, 1000-hour temperature aging, 1000-hour humidity aging, and a simulated gold/tin solder reflow.

  1. Draft Do Not Quote or Cite Without Permission AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF MINING AND SUSTAINABLE

    E-print Network

    believe the best course of action for poor states would be to avoid export-oriented extractive industries of the 49 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD that their industry is being blamed for this outcome. The second is a report by OXFAM America, authored by University

  2. Ulysses{close_quote} rapid crossing of the polar coronal hole boundary

    SciTech Connect

    McComas, D.J.; Riley, P.; Gosling, J.T.; Balogh, A.; Forsyth, R.

    1998-02-01

    The Ulysses spacecraft crossed from the slow dense solar wind characteristic of the solar streamer belt into the fast, less dense flow from the northern polar coronal hole over a very short interval (several days) in late March 1995. The spacecraft, which was at 1.35 AU and {approximately}19{degree} north heliographic latitude, moving northward in its orbit, remained in the fast solar wind from then through summer 1996. This boundary crossing is unique in that the combination of the spacecraft motion and rotation of the structure past the spacecraft caused Ulysses to move smoothly and completely from one regime into the other. In this study we examine this crossing in detail. The crossing is marked by a region of enhanced pressure, typical of stream interaction regions, which extends {approximately}2{times}10{sup 7}km across. We find that the transition between the slow and fast regimes occurs on several temporal, and hence spatial, scales. On the shortest scale ({lt}8{times}10{sup 4}km) the stream interface is a tangential discontinuity where the proton and core electron densities and ion and electron pressures all drop while the magnetic pressure jumps to maintain a rough pressure balance. The alpha to proton ratio also jumps across the stream interface to reach the comparatively constant polar hole value of {approximately}4.3{percent}. On larger scales (a few {times}10{sup 6}km) the proton and alpha temperatures rise to their high-speed wind values. Finally, on the largest scale ({approximately}10{sup 8}km) the solar wind speed ramps up from {approximately}400kms{sup {minus}1} to {approximately}750kms{sup {minus}1}, typical of polar hole flows. While it seems likely that the stream interface maps back to a sharp boundary near the Sun, the large region of increasing flow speed suggests that there is also an extended gradient in solar wind source speed close to the Sun. {copyright} 1998 American Geophysical Union

  3. Please use this version. It corrects Dr Price's quote below. 03 June 2015

    E-print Network

    Tadross, Mark

    (UCT), an expert researcher in environmental health focusing on pesticides, endocrine disruption the relationship between climate change, chemical exposures (including endocrine disrupting pesticides, air system. The health impacts of poor water quality and pollution of soil in an urban informal area, rural

  4. More than just great quotes: An introduction to the Canadian Tri-Council’s qualitative requirements

    PubMed Central

    Boffa, Jody; Moules, Nancy; Mayan, Maria; Cowie, Robert L

    2013-01-01

    Although at times misunderstood by the general research community, qualitative research has developed out of diverse, rich and complex philosophical traditions and theoretical paradigms. In the most recent Canadian Tri-Council policy statement on the ethical conduct of research involving humans, a chapter was devoted to a summary of methods and methodological requirements that characterize robust qualitative research, despite the diversity of approaches. To dispel common misperceptions about qualitative research and introduce the unfamiliar reader to these requirements, the work of a qualitative study on isoniazid preventive therapy for prophylaxis of tuberculosis published in AIDS is critiqued alongside each of the Tri-Council’s nine requirements. PMID:24421811

  5. COMMUNITY SUMMARY RACTill/Meyer Draft -Do not quote or cite

    E-print Network

    facilities are still operating. Figure 2 shows some of the key areas. Five nuclear reactors at the SRS were Government in nuclear weapons. Other areas at the SRS supported this work. The reactors created other and South Carolina (see Figure 2). Its five production reactors operated from 1953 to about 1990

  6. January 23, 2001Draft: do not quote without permission! Comments Welcome! Discrete Choice Modeling for Transportation

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Kent

    for Transportation David Brownstone Dept. of Economics 3151 Social Science Plaza University of California Irvine, CA in this paper. Financial support was provided by the University of California Transportation Center. #12;1 1 Introduction This paper discusses important developments in discrete choice modeling for transportation

  7. Stakeholder Quotes for USGS Circulars 1352-1360 on Water Quality of the Nation's Groundwater

    E-print Network

    of the Nation's Groundwater Examples of How USGS Science is Informing Groundwater Quality Management of groundwater quality in the High Plains aquifer will be invaluable for local and statewide management toward sustainable groundwater resources of this important aquifer system."--Jim Goeke, Professor and Research

  8. "Hey, I Didn't Say That!": Teaching Textual Integrity through Misrepresented Quotes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Jessica L.

    2015-01-01

    Despite specialized areas of expertise, communication instructors are unified, to a large extent, by a singular belief: the meaning people give words produces behavioral ramifications (Mead, 2009). Communication instructors revere language's ability to reflect both meaning and reality. Yet, they also are tasked with the responsibility of conveying…

  9. {degrees}SnapPea{close_quotes} OS/2 Warp graphical user interface for hyperbolic 3-manifolds

    SciTech Connect

    Manoharan, A.C.; Weeks, J.

    1996-12-31

    An interactive color graphical user interface, with animation, has been developed to port SnapPea to the OS/2 Warp Personal Computer (IBM type PC) platform. This fulfills the interest to use an Intel microprocessor based computer to study the geometry and topology of three-dimensional hyperbolic manifolds and to perform mathematical computations with them. Hitherto the program was available only on Macintosh computers. The OS/2 operating system kernel program has for many years supported long file names, had multithreading, pre-emptive multitasking an built in crash-protection. There is also a full 32-bit graphics engine. Already, there is much interest in this product. The software is expected soon to be available to mathematicians around the world, to use in their research. A demonstration was given at the conference.

  10. A Grand Challenge in Biology RICHARD FEYNMAN, A BRILLIANT NOBEL PRIZEWINNING PHYSICIST, IS OFTEN QUOTED FOR

    E-print Network

    Collins, James J.

    of talented scientists to work on bacterial viruses. This was the start of modern molecular biologyA Grand Challenge in Biology RICHARD FEYNMAN, A BRILLIANT NOBEL PRIZE­WINNING PHYSICIST, IS OFTEN biology, which, as Feynman would advocate, creates biological networks in order to help us understand

  11. December 28, 2000 Draft -Comments Welcome Do not quote without permission For JEP Econometrics Symposium

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Kent

    of California Irvine, CA 92697-5100 Email: dbrownst@uci.edu and Robert Valletta Federal Reserve Bank of San values for econometric estimators and test statistics. The bootstrap and multiple imputations are both in standard econometric software packages, thereby providing a much simpler approach for consistent inference

  12. Rolling and slipping down Galileo{close_quote}s inclined plane: Rhythms of the spheres

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, F.S.

    1996-05-01

    In ``Two New Sciences`` (TNS) Galileo presents a number of theorems and propositions for smooth solid spheres released from rest and rolling a distance {ital d} in time {ital t} down an incline of height {ital H} and length {ital L}. We collect and summarize his results in a single grand proportionality {ital P}: {ital d}{sub 1}/{ital d}{sub 2}=({ital t}{sup 2}{sub 1}/{ital t}{sup 2}{sub 2})({ital H}/{ital L}){sub 1}/({ital H}/{ital L}){sub 2}. ({ital P}) From TNS it is clear that what we call {ital P} is assumed by Galileo to hold for all inclinations including vertical free fall with {ital H}/{ital L}=1. But in TNS he describes only experiments with gentle inclinations {ital H}/{ital L}{lt}1/2. Indeed he cannot have performed the vertical free fall ({ital H}={ital L}) experiment, because we (moderns) know that as we increase {ital H}/{ital L}, {ital P} starts to break down when {ital H}/{ital L} exceeds about 0.5, because the sphere, which rolls without slipping for small {ital H}/{ital L}, starts to slip, whence {ital d} starts to exceed the predictions of {ital P}, becoming too large by a factor of 7/5 for vertical free fall at {ital H}/{ital L}=1. In 1973 Drake and in 1975 Drake and MacLachlan published their analysis of a previously unpublished experiment that Galileo performed that (without his realizing it) directly compared rolling without slipping to free fall. In the experiment, a sphere that has gained speed {ital v}{sub 1} while rolling down a gentle incline is deflected so as to be launched horizontally with speed {ital v}{sub 1} into a free fall orbit discovered by Galileo to be a parabola. The measured horizontal distance {ital X}{sub 2} traveled in this parabolic orbit (for a given vertical distance fallen to the floor) was smaller than he expected, by a factor 0.84. But that is exactly what we (moderns) expect, since we know that Galileo did not appreciate the difference between rolling without slipping, and slipping on a frictionless surface.

  13. The New Broom: A Fiction for Our Times with True Quotes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    This article spins a yarn about the appointment of António Coimbra, the first vice-chancellor of an Australian university, who came from Portugal, well-equipped for the job. Described is his approach to this new role and his unusual way of handling the unexpected task of a vice-chancellor.

  14. DRAFT: Not to be duplicated or quoted without permission KU and Kansas City: Partnership for Excellence

    E-print Network

    developed it for scholarly communication; once its economic potential was realized, the private sector used of higher education. It is not a "wish list." It is a strategic plan formulated over the past five years

  15. DRAFT: COMMENTS WELCOME BUT PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE The Experimental Study of Adaptive User Interfaces

    E-print Network

    Langley, Pat

    interface. Such packages have become a central part of business and academic life, with millions of users dependent measures of their behavior, including solution speed, solution quality, user satisfaction jobs are remembered by only a few early users, and even the era of time-sharing systems and text

  16. DRAFT: COMMENTS WELCOME BUT PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE The Experimental Study of Adaptive User Interfaces

    E-print Network

    Langley, Pat

    user interface. Such packages have become a central part of business and academic life, with millions dependent measures of their behavior, including solution speed, solution quality, user satisfaction and submitting overnight jobs are remembered by only a few early users, and even the era of time­sharing systems

  17. Revised for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Dec. 18, 2001 DO NOT QUOTE OR CIRCULATE

    E-print Network

    Clarke, Antony

    and external optical probes mounted on the aircraft fuselage or wings are frequently employed. Such "wing A Miniature Optical Particle Counter for In-Situ Aircraft Aerosol Research Antony D. Clarke, Norman C control aircraft and large research aircraft (NASA P3b). The instrument is rugged, low cost, low power

  18. US Geological Survey Committee for the Advancement of Science in the Yucca Mountain Project symposium on {open_quotes}Fractures, Hydrology, and Yucca Mountain{close_quotes}: Abstracts and summary

    SciTech Connect

    Gomberg, J.

    1991-12-31

    The principal objective of this symposium is to review the available information on fractured/faulted terrains in terms of a coherent hydrogeologic model of ground-water fluid flow and transport, particularly as it pertains to the Yucca Mountain region. This review addresses the influence and significance of fractures on ground-water flow and the transport of conservative-species solutes within the context of the hydrogeologic setting of the Yucca Mountain area. The relations between fluid flow and fractured or faulted host rock are examined integrally from information on geologic, seismologic, hydrologic, and geomechanical properties of the system. The development of new hydrogeologic approaches that incorporate information from this integrated database are contrasted with more standard approaches toward understanding flow in fractured reservoirs. Ground-water flow in both the unsaturated zone and the saturated zone are considered. The application of various models of flow is addressed, examples include porous-media equivalent and discontinuum fracture-network models. Data and interpretations from the Yucca Mountain area are presented to establish a context for information exchange. The symposium includes discussions relevant to technical considerations for characterizing the Yucca Mountain area hydrogeology. On the basis of these discussions, CASY has compiled this document in order to formally summarize the proceedings and communicate recommendations for future directions of research and investigation.

  19. A familial {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} 3;9 translocation with cryptic 8q insertion leading to deletion and duplication of 9p23 loci in siblings

    SciTech Connect

    Wagstaff, J.; Hemann, M.

    1994-09-01

    Families in which a balanced translocation has been transmitted from a normal parent to a child with a phenotypic abnormality have been a longstanding puzzle for human geneticists. A child with phenotypic features of the 9p- syndrome, including metopic craniosynostosis, small ears, abdominal wall defect, and mental retardation, was found to have a cytogenetically balanced 3;9 translocation, with breakpoints at 3p11 and 9p23, inherited from his normal father. He also exhibited marked hypopigmentation of hair and skin. Analysis with a cDNA probe from the TYRP1 (tyrosinase-related protein 1) gene in 9p23 showed heterozygous deletion in the child but in neither parent. This submicroscopic deletion also included loci D9S157, D9S274, D9S268, and D9S267. FISH analysis of the proband`s father indicated the 9p23 loci deleted in his son were present on neither the der(3) nor the der(9) translocation product, but had been inserted into the long arm of chromosome 8. Therefore, the apparent deletion of these loci in the proband was the result of meiotic segregation of the father`s 3;9 translocation chromosomes together with his normal chromosome 8. Neither the deletion from the translocation chromosomes nor the insertion into 8q was detectable by standard chromosome banding techniques. The proband`s sister exhibited speech delay, mild facial dysmorphism, and renal malformation, and her karyotype was 46,XX. Molecular analysis of this sister showed 3 copies of 9p23 sequences, indicating that she had inherited normal chromosomes 3 and 9 from her father as well as the chromosome 8 with the insertion from 9p23. This analysis illustrates a new mechanism to explain cases of phenotypic discordance in familial balanced translocations: submicroscopic deletion of material from the translocation breakpoint and insertion into a third chromosome in the balanced parent, with meiotic segregation leading to loss of the inserted material in the child.

  20. Mutation detection in large genes: Use of overlapping PCR fragments for {open_quotes}double{close_quotes}screening of the APC gene and a PCR modification to concatenate multiple exons

    SciTech Connect

    Tuohy, T.M.F.; Groden, J.; White, R.

    1994-09-01

    We report developments of earlier work which demonstrated the suitability of PCR-cloning in the 5{prime} terminus of IacZ for the detection of frameshift and nonsense mutations of in APC, the gene which predisposes carriers to adenomatous polyposis coli and, ultimately, colon cancer. A test set of clinically diagnosed APC patients and their unaffected relatives is being used to test a combination of multiplex PCR of several overlapping segments of coding sequence and a lethal negative selection against in-frame, i.e., wild type, clones. This modification will balance the strigency of the negative selection with the low-level readthrough, frameshifting and/or re-initiation of mutant clones, such that high-level {beta}-galactosidase production results in death, while a low level allows discrimination between APC mutant insertions and insert-free vector transformants. The same patient base is also serving as a test set for a PCR-based cloning technique that allows the concatenation of two exons into a single synthetic fragment by skipping over the intervening intron, bypassing the need for single exon analysis or mRNA/cDNA preparation. This technique is based on the design of primers with homology to intron sequences immediately adjacent to the exon sequences of interest, maintaining the reading frame, and adjusting for in-frame termination codons by base-substitutions. The conditions necessary for the concatenation of a large number of exons in a two-step PCR protocol are under investigation. These methods have advantages over other rapid mutation-detection systems by being (1) capable of detecting previously unidentified mutations, (2) non gel-based and (3) non-radioactive.

  1. Equation of state and electrical conductivity of {open_quotes}synthetic Uranus,{close_quotes} a mixture of water, ammonia, and isopropanol, at shock pressure up to 200 GPa (2 Mbar)

    SciTech Connect

    Nellis, W.J.; Holmes, N.C.; Mitchell, A.C.; Hamilton, D.C.; Nicol, M.

    1997-12-01

    Equation-of-state, temperature, and electrical-conductivity data were measured for a solution of water, ammonia, and isopropanol at shock pressures up to 200 GPa. The chemical composition is similar to that of the fluid mixture thought to be the major constituent of the giant planets Uranus and Neptune. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. Computers and small satellites: How FORTE is utilizing the WWW as a {open_quotes}paperless{close_quotes} information resource and the development of a unique resource management planning tool

    SciTech Connect

    Roussel-Dupre, D.; Carter, M.; Franz, R.

    1997-10-01

    The Fast-On-orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORTE) satellite is the second satellite to be developed and flown by Los Alamos National Laboratory and is scheduled to be launched August, 1997 by a Pegasus XL rocket. FORTE follows in the footsteps of the ALEXIS satellite in utilizing a very small operations crew for mission operations. Partially based upon the ALEXIS automation and World Wide Web (WWW) usage for data dissemination, FORTE began at an early stage of ground processing to use the web as a repository of information about all aspects of the satellite. Detailed descriptions of the various satellite and experiment components, cable diagrams, integration photographs as well as extensive test data have all been compiled into a single site as a means of archiving the data at a single location. In this manner, it is readily available during times of ground testing, ground station operation training as well as anomaly resolution. Small satellites usually require extensive effort to optimize operation under minimal resources. For the FORTE satellite, a unique planning tool has been developed over the past 2 years which balances the various resources of the satellite (power, memory, downlink, on board command buffer, etc.) to provide the maximum data acquisition. This paper will concentrate on a description of both the extensive web interface and the planning tool. 6 refs.

  3. Mitigation of atmospheric carbon emissions through increased energy efficiency versus increased non-carbon energy sources: A trade study using a simplified {open_quotes}market-free{close_quotes} exogenously driven model

    SciTech Connect

    Krakowski, R.A.

    1997-08-24

    A simplified model of global, long-term energy use is described and used to make a `top-level` comparison of two generic approaches for mitigating atmospheric carbon emissions: (a) those based on increased energy efficiency; and (b) those based on increased use of reduced- or non-carbon fuels. As approximate as is the model, first-order estimates of and trade offs between increasing non-carbon generation capacities (e.g., supply-side solutions) versus energy-use efficiency (e.g., demand-side solutions) to stem atmospheric carbon accumulations can be useful in guiding more elaborate models. At the level of this analysis, both the costs of abatement and the costs of damage can be large, with the formation of benefit-to-cost ratios as a means of assessment being limited by uncertainties associated with relating given climatic responses to greenhouse warming to aggregate damage cost, as well as uncertainties associated with procedures used for multi-generation discounting of both abatement and damage costs. In view of uncertainties associated with both supply-side and demand-side approaches, as well as the estimation of greenhouse-warming responses per se, a combination of solutions seems prudent. Key findings are: (a) the relative insensitivity of the benefit-to-cost ratio adopted in this study to supply-side versus demand-side approaches to abating atmospheric carbon-dioxide emissions; (b) the extreme sensitivity of damage costs, abatement costs, and the related benefit-to-cost ratios to the combination of discounting procedure and the (time) concavity of the function used to relate global temperature rise to damage costs; and (c) no matter the discounting procedure and/or functional relationship between average temperature rise and a damage cost, a goal of increased per-capita gross world product at minimum damage suggests action now rather than delay.

  4. The efficacy of the table-top or {open_quote}white paper{close_quote} approach to emergency response planning of drills and exercises is examined for process improvement

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, D.N.; Wesley, T.H.

    1995-11-01

    This paper examines the development of a set of procedures for the use by Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) Team, Region 6 with particular emphasis to the steps used and the feedback provided by peer review, external review, and exercise and drill critiques. This paper also presents a brief history of the RAP and recommends Total Quality Management techniques reduce the costs associated with procedure development.

  5. {sup 237}Np in Hemp-palm leaves of Bontenchiku for fishing gear used by the Fifth Fukuryu-Maru: 40 year after {open_quotes}Bravo{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Yamamoto, Masayoshi; Komura, Kazuhisa; Ueno, Kaoru

    1996-05-01

    The alpha radioactive components in the Hemp-palm leaves of Bontenchiku were determined with emphasis on the measurement of low-level {sup 237}Np by alpha-ray spectrometry after chemical separation. Bontenchiku is a kind of fishing gear for long-line fishing used by the Fifth Fukuryu-Maru (Lucky Dragon). This gear was exposed to fallout from the second thermonuclear test explosion (Bravo) at Bikini Atoll in March 1954. The {sup 237}Np content in the Bontenchiku sample was determined to be 11.5 {plus_minus}0.8 mBq g{sup {minus}1} with an activity ratio of {sup 237}Np: {sup 239,240}Pu and an atom ratio of {sup 237}Np: {sup 239}Pu estimated to be (2.2 {plus_minus}0.2) x 10{sup {minus}3} and 0.42 {plus_minus}0.04, respectively. The data showed the existence of a chain reaction of {sup 238}U and its ratio to be {sup 237}Np: {sup 239}Pu, as well as the presence of {sup 237}U at the time of fallout from Bravo event in March 1954. 12 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  6. Trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter in a sister and brother: Further delineation of the {open_quotes}trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter syndrome{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Verschuuren-Bemelmans, C.C.; Leegte, B.; Hodenius, T.M.J.

    1995-07-31

    We report on a 22-year-old woman and her 21-year-old brother with mild mental retardation, long face, prominent forehead, retrognathia, and (relative) macrocephaly. At birth they were small for date, their length is now below the 10th centile. Chromosome analysis demonstrated a nearly pure trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter in both patients due to unbalanced segregation of a paternal reciprocal balanced translocation 46,XY,t(1;15) (q42;p11). This is the second report of a nearly pure trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter. When comparing the manifestations of our patients with those of other reported cases we conclude that the most characteristic clinical manifestations of this syndrome are macrocephaly, prominent forehead, micro/retrognathia, large fontanelle, intrauterine growth retardation, postnatal growth retardation, and mental retardation. 56 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  7. 1EMBEDDING DECISION SUPPORT IN E-SOURCING TOOLS: QUOTES, A CASE STUDY Castlefield, CP, Typeset, Disc

    E-print Network

    López-Sánchez, Maite

    , Disc GRUP S2-5 PIPS No. 5123952 Group Decision and Negotiation 0: 000­000, 2003 © 2003 Kluwer Academic to cover the whole sequence of sourcing tasks, incorporates decision support facilities based onArtificial within a single and coherent framework. Key words: artificial intelligence, B2B applications, e

  8. 2007, PER@C University of Colorado 1 Do Not Quote without Permission in review for the PERC Proceedings 2007

    E-print Network

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Proceedings 2007 Investigating the Source of the Gender Gap in Introductory Physics Lauren E. Kost, Steven J that investigates what factors contribute to the gender gap. First, we analyze student grades in different performance is included. These findings indicate that the gender gap exists in interactive physics classes

  9. PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE WITHOUT PERMISSION OF AUTHOR CASE STUDY OF DEVELOPING A HYDROGEN VEHICLE

    E-print Network

    and Delivering Hydrogen Transportation Fuel Figure 1.2. Cumulative number of ZEV automobiles mandated for the LA transportation fuel in Southern California. Figure 1.8. Capital cost of hydrogen alternative designs for hydrogen refueling stations. Figure 1.9a. Capital cost of small scale hydrogen plants using "conventional" and "fuel

  10. Spring 2013 A note from the Chair I don't often quote from the Bible, but as stated in

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Adam Lee

    of Ecclesiastes (3:1-8), set to music by Pete Seeger, and turned into an international hit in 1965 by the folk continued growth to our program from many prior years of success due largely to our "put the needs Peick, Devan Piniewski, Courtney Pinto, Marci Wood, Nicole Wright. Associate members - Michelle O

  11. Preliminary Draft: Please do not quote without permission Managers Who Lack Style: Evidence from Exogenous CEO Changes

    E-print Network

    Aazhang, Behnaam

    casts serious doubt on the presence of significant causal managerial style effects in investment Exogenous CEO Changes Abstract We study managerial style effects in investment decisions, financing policies preferences or traits play a large role in certain key decisions, for example investment and financing choices

  12. Published not protectively marked Not to be quoted as verbatim Fact-finding session on Geological Disposal Facility

    E-print Network

    Sciences, University of Edinburgh · Bruce McKirdy, Managing Director for the Radioactive Waste Management Directorate remains of how we go about identifying a suitable23 site at a UK level. The MRWS [Managing Radioactive geological37 exploration (for coal, limestone, iron ore) plus the former Nirex process,38 which considered

  13. Experimental study to validate a model of hillock{close_quote}s formation in aluminum thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Genin, F.Y.; Siekhaus, W.J.

    1996-04-01

    The growth of holes and hillocks in thin films has been reported extensively and for a multitude of film{endash}substrate systems. A recently developed model [F. Y. G{acute e}nin, J. Appl. Phys. {bold 77}, 5130 (1995)] which analyzes the formation of a ridge at a traveling grain boundary due to stress and capillarity driving forces provides a quantitative description of the growth of the hillocks. In order to test the model, the surface morphology of aluminum thin films deposited on oxidized silicon substrates and annealed at 450{degree}C in argon is investigated; the profiles of thermal hillocks are measured by atomic force microscopy. The comparison shows excellent agreement between modeled and experimental profiles. {copyright}{ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  14. Draft 10/20/11. Not to be quoted or cited without permission. Evidence and the hierarchy of mathematical theories

    E-print Network

    Koellner, Peter

    of mathematical theories Charles Parsons It is a well-known fact of mathematical logic, by now developed in considerable detail, that formalized mathematical theories can be ordered by relative interpretability, and the "strength" of a theory is indicated by where it stands in this ordering. Mutual interpretability

  15. Taking Race out of Scare Quotes: Race-Conscious Social Analysis in an Ostensibly Post-Racial World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warmington, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Academics and activists concerned with race and racism have rightly coalesced around the sociological project to refute biologistic conceptions of race. By and large, our default position as teachers, writers and researchers is that race is a social construct. However, the deconstruction of race and its claims to theoretical intelligibility has…

  16. Second Order draft Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III Do Not Cite or Quote 1 Summary for Policy Makers

    E-print Network

    % of global GHG emissions (Figure SPM.3). Greenhouse gas emissions covered by the Montreal Protocol have few decades 1. Since 1970 global emissions of greenhouse gases covered by the Kyoto Protocol have

  17. FINAL DRAFT IPCC WGII AR5 Chapter 12 Do Not Cite, Quote, or Distribute Prior to Public Release on 31 March 2014

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    Security 12-3. Food Prices, Food Insecurity, and Links to Climate 12-4. Evidence on the Existence on 31 March 2014 Subject to Final Copyedit 1 28 October 2013 Chapter 12. Human Security Coordinating and Scope of Human Security 12.2. Economic and Livelihood Dimensions of Human Security at Risk from Climate

  18. These market capitalizations are as of December 7, 1999, and were obtained from Quicken via the Excite search engine (quicken.excite.com/investments/quotes/).

    E-print Network

    Walden, Eric

    into two pieces: business-to-consumer (B2C) and business-to-business (B2B). While the B2C market, typified COMMERCE INITIATIVES: AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION Mani Subramani Eric Walden Carlson School of Management the returnsto B2B electronic commerce (EC) initiatives focused on digitalgoodsversus tangiblegoods

  19. I Thought Composition Was about Commas and Quotes, Not Queers: Diversity and Campus Change at a Rural Two-Year College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Danielle

    2008-01-01

    Fayette County, once home to the Carnegies, the Mellons, and the Fricks, now punctuated by abandoned mines and coke ovens, is the second poorest county in Pennsylvania. Gay and lesbian students experience discrimination in this County. In this article, the author discusses her efforts to intervene in this complicated problem by deploying a…

  20. NO FOOLING -IT'S EXAM TIME Alumni challenge question: Name the author of this quote, "Statistics are like a bikini, what they reveal is

    E-print Network

    have to reach out to their mentors for assistance with this one.) The first person to respond a gift-in- kind contribution to the silent auction, contact Sharon Worrell sworrel@okstate.edu 308 Mc veterinary students embrace with great anticipation as they begin their tutelage with veterinary faculty

  1. Preliminary results of the correlation between ion concentrations in rainwater samples and atmospheric back trajectories as a part of the study {open_quotes}impact to acid rain in the deterioration of Mexican Maya monuments{close_quotes} (project Conacyt-UNAM: 0128T9106)

    SciTech Connect

    Bravo, A.H.; Saavedra, M.I.; Snchez, P.; Camacho, R.

    1996-12-31

    The environmental Pollution Section at the Center of Atmospheric Sciences, National Autonomus University of Mexico (UNAM), has been conducting a research project on their potential of impact of acid rain on the Mexican Maya monuments since 1993. As a part of such study, 49 rainwater samples were collected during the years 1994 through 1995 at the Puerto Morelos Oceanographic Station Located close to the Tulum Maya ruins in the State of Qintana Roo. The rain water samples were collected using an automatic rain collector. After the rain event, the water samples were transferred to clean Nalgene bottles. The bottles were stored under refrigeration prior to their shipment to the UNAM laboratory in Mexico City. Concentrations of anions Cl{sup -}, NO{sup -}{sub 3}, and SO{sup 2-}{sub 4} and cations Na{sup +}, NH{sup +}{sub 4}, K{sup +}, Mg{sup 2+} an Ca{sup 2+} were determined by the High Pressure Ion Chromatographic Procedure. The pH of samples was measured in the laboratory. Also, wind back upper trajectories which arrived to the Puerto Morelos are at the same date of each rain event, were calculated using the GMCC atmospheric trajectory program at NOAA. A thorough analysis on the relations between anions and cations is made and preliminary correlations of these results with the calculated long range trajectories are explored in order to find the possible origin of the event.

  2. April 2009 (rev. Aug09.): To appear in J. Cohen & M. Matthen, eds., Color Ontology and Color Science (MIT). Comments welcome. Please do not quote without checking the published version.

    E-print Network

    April 2009 (rev. Aug09.): To appear in J. Cohen & M. Matthen, eds., Color Ontology and Color the colour-blind see? Justin Broackes 1. Colour blindness: a guide and test for theories of normal vision 2 blindness: a guide and test for theories of normal vision What do the colour-blind see?1 Can we tell? Does

  3. H.R. 4849: A Bill to implement the obligations of the United States under the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction, known as the {open_quotes}Chemical Weapons Convention{close_quotes} and opened for signature and signed by the United States on January 13, 1993. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session, July 28, 1994

    SciTech Connect

    1994-12-31

    The report H.R. 4849 is a bill to implement the obligations of the United States under the convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction, known as the Chemical Weapons Convention. The proposed legislative text is included.

  4. Distinguishing between satisfaction and loyalty: Conceptual, methodological & analytical differences

    SciTech Connect

    Hinson, K.A.

    1994-11-01

    This paper briefly presents a discussion of the conceptual definition of {open_quotes}Customer Satisfaction{close_quotes} followed by review of operational definitions of {open_quotes}Satisfaction{close_quotes} as a criterion variable and the kinds of predictor variables and analytic methods employed in its modeling. A model of {open_quotes}Customer Satisfaction{close_quotes} is presented developed by the discussed methodology. Conceptual and operational definitions of {open_quotes}Customer Loyalty{close_quotes} are then reviewed, contrasting the kinds of predictor variables and analytic methods most appropriate for understanding a {open_quotes}Loyalty{close_quotes} decision and how these differ from {open_quotes}Customer Satisfaction.{close_quotes} A more fully specified model of {open_quotes}Customer Loyalty{close_quotes} is presented. Finally, the risks of employing a {open_quotes}Satisfaction{close_quotes} methodology in modeling {open_quotes}Customer Loyalty{close_quotes} are discussed.

  5. 77 FR 4068 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ... Registration Fees; (2) B. Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT'') Fees; and (3) C. Remote Streaming Quote Trader...\\ Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT'') Fees, Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') Fees, Options Trading...

  6. 77 FR 67037 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-08

    ...delete references to the automatic quote regeneration and quote risk monitor functions...Rule 53.24(b) (Automatic Quote Regeneration) and Rule 53.24(c) (Quote Risk...date, neither the automatic quote regeneration nor the quote risk monitor...

  7. Metals Fact Sheet: Neodymium

    SciTech Connect

    1992-11-01

    Neodymium was discovered in 1898 when it was separated from {open_quotes}dydimium,{close_quotes} a praseodymium-neodymium compound that was thought to be only one element. {open_quotes}Neodymium{close_quotes} is derived from the Greek words {open_quotes}neos{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}didymos,{close_quotes} which translates to {open_quotes}new twin.{close_quotes} This article discusses sources and applications of the element, and reviews world reserves and demands. Price trends in the commodity are also noted.

  8. 77 FR 16298 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-20

    ...Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement \\17\\ when providing liquidity that is 20...Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement and...DMM's providing liquidity is 10% or less...Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement when providing liquidity that is...

  9. 77 FR 2585 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-18

    ...Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement. DMMs adding liquidity in those same...Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement...intraday adding liquidity for that month...Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement...intraday adding liquidity is at or...

  10. Reply to Marazita and Curtis

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, R.L.; O`Sullivan, C.K.; Hamanishi, J.

    1995-10-01

    We thank Dr. Marazita for her careful reading of our suggestions and appreciate her point regarding the importance of standardized nomenclature, particularly the definition of proband. Our review of the definition of proband showed a long history of imprecise definitions of the terms {open_quotes}proband,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}index case,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}propositus/ proposita.{close_quotes} In agreement with the definition in our paper, many authors define proband as {open_quotes}the first family member coming to medical attention{close_quotes}. However, not all of these authors agree that a proband must necessarily be affected with a genetic disease. If the proband is affected, these authors use {open_quotes}proband,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}index case,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}propositus/proposita{close_quotes} interchangeably. Other authors define a proband as {open_quotes}an affected individual through whom a family is ascertained{close_quotes} These latter authors would then define an index case to be the first affected family member coming to medical attention. If the proband is unaffected, this individual would be termed the {open_quotes}consultand{close_quotes} but would not be a proband. 13 refs.

  11. 75 FR 25898 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... Exchange: (i) Specialists, Registered Options Traders (``ROTs''), Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') \\6\\ and Remote Streaming Quote ] Traders (``RSQTs''); \\7\\ (ii) customers; \\8\\ (iii) specialists, SQTs...

  12. Fuzzy logic and neural networks

    SciTech Connect

    Loos, J.R.

    1994-11-01

    Combine fuzzy logic`s fuzzy sets, fuzzy operators, fuzzy inference, and fuzzy rules - like defuzzification - with neural networks and you can arrive at very unfuzzy real-time control. Fuzzy logic, cursed with a very whimsical title, simply means multivalued logic, which includes not only the conventional two-valued (true/false) crisp logic, but also the logic of three or more values. This means one can assign logic values of true, false, and somewhere in between. This is where fuzziness comes in. Multi-valued logic avoids the black-and-white, all-or-nothing assignment of true or false to an assertion. Instead, it permits the assignment of shades of gray. When assigning a value of true or false to an assertion, the numbers typically used are {open_quotes}1{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}0{close_quotes}. This is the case for programmed systems. If {open_quotes}0{close_quotes} means {open_quotes}false{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}1{close_quotes} means {open_quotes}true,{close_quotes} then {open_quotes}shades of gray{close_quotes} are any numbers between 0 and 1. Therefore, {open_quotes}nearly true{close_quotes} may be represented by 0.8 or 0.9, {open_quotes}nearly false{close_quotes} may be represented by 0.1 or 0.2, and {close_quotes}your guess is as good as mine{close_quotes} may be represented by 0.5. The flexibility available to one is limitless. One can associate any meaning, such as {open_quotes}nearly true{close_quotes}, to any value of any granularity, such as 0.9999. 2 figs.

  13. A decoupling theorem for the BPHZL-scheme

    SciTech Connect

    Aschenbrenner, M.

    1996-09-01

    Conditions are stated, which are sufficient for the heavy-mass-suppression of BPHZL-subtracted Feynman-integrals containing propagators of {open_quote}{open_quote}heavy fields{close_quote}{close_quote}. This result generalizes the Decoupling Theorems of Ambjo/rn, Manoukian and Landsman to cases, where massless fields (e.g., gauge fields) are present. {copyright} 1996 Academic Press, Inc.

  14. The inside observer in quantum mechanics

    SciTech Connect

    Mould, R.

    1995-11-01

    The {open_quotes}observer{close_quotes} in physics has always referred to someone who stands on the outside of a system looking in. In this paper an {open_quotes}inside observer{close_quotes} is defined, and an experiment is proposed that tests a given formulation of the problem of measurement in quantum mechanics.

  15. 75 FR 3773 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ...Thereto, Relating to the Elimination of the Hybrid Electronic Quoting Fee January 14, 2010...amend its Fees Schedule to eliminate the Hybrid Electronic Quoting Fee. The text of the...proposed rule change is to eliminate the Hybrid Electronic Quoting Fee (``Quoting...

  16. 75 FR 29788 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ... account of a Specialist, \\7\\ Streaming Quote Trader \\8\\ (an ``SQT'') or Remote Streaming Quote Trader \\9... who is registered as an options specialist pursuant to Rule 1020(a). \\8\\ A Streaming Quote Trader is... assigned. \\9\\ A Remote Streaming Quote Trader is defined Exchange Rule in 1014(b)(ii)(B) as an ROT that...

  17. 75 FR 8762 - NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Order of Summary Abrogation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ..., Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs'') \\2\\ for equity option... Russell 2000 (``IWM''), and Citigroup Inc. (``C''). \\2\\ Streaming Quote Traders, or ``SQTs,'' and Remote Streaming Quote Traders, or ``RSQTs,'' are Phlx market makers who may generate and submit option...

  18. Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes

    SciTech Connect

    Gaba, J.M.

    1990-12-31

    Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

  19. Proven methods of reducing non-fatal days lost (NFDL) in coal preparation plants

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, K.K.; Kirkwood, D.T.; Dubina, S.B. Jr.; Snyder, J.L.; Ondrey, R.S.; Marraccini, L.C.; Cooper, W.E.

    1995-08-01

    Correcting the safety and health problems in coal preparation plants involves many different specialties, due to the varied nature of the operations within the plant. Field experience and accident statistical data show that most of the accidents that occur in coal preparation plants fall into a general categories, namely {open_quotes}Handling of Materials,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Working with Hand Tools,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Powered Haulage,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Machinery,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Slips and Falls.{close_quotes} These accidents can only be minimized by continually emphasizing task training and the awareness of the dangers of each operation. This paper looks at six specific technical categories and the health and safety problems encountered around coal preparation facilities related to each. Simple recommendations for improving safety are included with each section.

  20. Liquid crystals of polyelectrolyte networks

    SciTech Connect

    Bruinsma, R.

    2001-06-01

    The Onsager theory of nematic liquid crystals is extended to rigid polyelectrolytes cross-linked by polyvalent ions. Recent synchrotron x-ray diffraction experiments showed that dilute, birefringent networks are formed under these conditions. The application of Onsager theory to this system leads to the prediction of the existence of a range of exotic mesophases such as the {open_quotes}cubatic,{close_quotes} the {open_quotes}tetratic,{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}trigatic.{close_quotes} The exotic network phases appear on the border of regions of phase coexistence of network phase with isotropic material (at low polyvalent ion concentration) and with dense bundles (at high polyvalent ion concentration).

  1. Tungsten

    SciTech Connect

    1996-08-01

    The name tungsten, derived from the Swedish words {open_quotes}tung{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}sten{close_quotes}, meaning heavy stone, was first applied to a tungsten-containing mineral in 1755. The mineral, itself, was subsequently identified by C.W. Scheele in 1781, and named scheelite. Metallic tungsten was first isolated from the mineral wolframite in 1783, and given the German name {open_quotes}wolfram,{close_quotes} which remains an alternative name for the element. Ultimately, the English word, tungsten, became the official name, while W remains the element`s chemical symbol. This article discusses the geology, exploitation, applications, and market overview of tungsten.

  2. Bose-Einstein Condensation in Complex Networks

    SciTech Connect

    Bianconi, Ginestra; Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo

    2001-06-11

    The evolution of many complex systems, including the World Wide Web, business, and citation networks, is encoded in the dynamic web describing the interactions between the system's constituents. Despite their irreversible and nonequilibrium nature these networks follow Bose statistics and can undergo Bose-Einstein condensation. Addressing the dynamical properties of these nonequilibrium systems within the framework of equilibrium quantum gases predicts that the {open_quotes}first-mover-advantage,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}fit-get-rich,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}winner-takes-all{close_quotes} phenomena observed in competitive systems are thermodynamically distinct phases of the underlying evolving networks.

  3. Factors affecting acceptability of radioactive metal recycling to the public and stakeholders

    SciTech Connect

    Nieves, L.A.; Burke, C.J.

    1995-08-01

    The perception of risk takes place within a cultural context that is affected by individual and societal values, risk information, personal experience, and the physical environment. Researchers have found that measures of {open_quotes}voluntariness of risk assumption,{close_quotes} of {open_quotes}disaster potential,{close_quotes} and of {open_quotes}benefit{close_quotes} are important in explaining risk acceptability. A review of cross-cultural studies of risk perception and risk acceptance, as well as an informal stakeholder survey, are used to assess the public acceptability of radioactive scrap metal recycling.

  4. The database approach to knowledge representation

    SciTech Connect

    Ullman, J.D.

    1996-12-31

    The database theory community, centered around the PODS (Principles of Database Systems) conference has had a long-term interest in logic as a way to represent {open_quotes}data,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}information,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}knowledge{close_quotes} (take your pick on the term - it boils down to facts or atoms and rules, usually Horn clauses). The approach of this community has been {open_quotes}slow and steady,{close_quotes} preferring to build up carefully from simple special cases to more general ideas, always paying attention to how efficiently we can process queries and perform other operations on the facts and rules. A powerful theory has developed, and it is beginning to have some impact on applications, especially information-integration engines.

  5. Mosaicism most likely accounts for extended survival of trisomy 22

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, W.P.; Kalousek, D.K.

    1996-03-01

    This {open_quotes}Letter to the Editor{close_quotes} discusses the implications of meiotic versus somatic chromosomal aberrations and how this corresponds to the discussion of trisomy 22, including the survival time of the patient. 5 refs.

  6. 76 FR 77040 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-09

    ...ii) may currently disincentivize aggressive displayed quoting by permitting pegging...incentive for participants to display aggressive prices, a participant may be reluctant...is designed to incentivize and reward aggressive displayed quoting by market...

  7. 17 CFR 230.482 - Advertising by an investment company as satisfying requirements of section 10.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...that the performance data quoted represents past performance; that past performance does...than the performance data quoted. The legend...case of an open-end management investment company...one, five, and ten year periods, except...

  8. 77 FR 74034 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...Calculates Certain Volume, Liquidity and Quoting Thresholds Applicable...NYSE total intraday adding liquidity). These billing rates in...Active Securities Quoted Size Ratio Requirement'' that relates...NYSE total intraday adding liquidity in each security that...

  9. Considerations in the fabrication, assembly, and testing of radioisotopic thermo-photovoltaic (RTPV) generators for future space missions

    SciTech Connect

    Barklay, C.D.; Miller, R.G.; Frazier, T.A.

    1996-03-01

    To increase energy output with a smaller size and mass than the radioisotopic thermoelectric generators (RTGs) that were previously used on deep space missions, a radioisotopic thermophotovoltaic (RTPV) system is being developed for the {open_quote}{open_quote}Pluto Express{close_quote}{close_quote} flyby mission. To minimize cost and development time, some facilities and components currently used for RTG production can be used to produce RTPVs. Production options also include out-sourcing and use of off-the-shelf hardware. Necessary modifications to tooling, production equipment, testing and shipping methods can be achieved in a timely manner so that the RTPV will be ready well before the planned launch of {open_quote}{open_quote}Pluto Express.{close_quote}{close_quote} {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  10. 76 FR 76783 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-08

    ...7\\ Under the FLEX electronic request for quotes (``RFQ...FLEX Orders resting in the FLEX electronic book; third to FLEX Quotes for the...options respectively for manual, electronic and QQQ transactions;...

  11. 78 FR 78426 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To Adopt...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-26

    ...in order to create a Crowd Participant (``CP'') program (the ``CP Program'') to incent competitive quoting and trading...proposes to adopt new Rule 7.25 in order to create the CP Program to incent competitive quoting and trading...

  12. The Pomeron beyond BFKL

    SciTech Connect

    White, A.R.

    1997-05-12

    Conformally invariant reggeon interactions derived from t-channel unitarity are discussed and progress towards understanding the {open_quotes}physical Pomeron{close_quotes}, via massless quark reggeon interactions, is briefly out-lined.

  13. Growth energizes lithium ion interest

    SciTech Connect

    D`Amico, E.

    1996-03-20

    The prospects for big growth in the US for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) has sparked the interest of potential domestic suppliers. {open_quotes}The money that can be made in this market is staggering,{close_quotes} says one industry expert. {open_quotes}Everybody who is remotely related to this industry is interested.{close_quotes} The size of the market, still in its infancy, is difficult to gauge, say consultants, who estimate that leading Japanese producers are each making millions of lithium ion cells/month. {open_quotes}The market is not too measurable right now because the only production is really limited to prototypes being sampled,{close_quotes} says Ward Seitz, a consultant with SRI International (Menlo Park, CA), {open_quotes}but there is phenomenal interest.{close_quotes}

  14. Insurance for electric and magnetic field litigation: Are you covered

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, E.R.; Stewart, C.A. III

    1993-04-01

    Electrical power generating companies, power transmission companies and large generators and users of electrical power recently felt the sting of a second shock. The first shock came when lawsuits were first filed against companies in the electrical power industry claiming real or imagined damages from electrical and magnetic fields ([open quotes]EMFs[close quotes]). The new and second shock is potentially more devastating because it comes from the [open quotes]safe hands[close quotes] of the insurance industry. Standard-form comprehensive general liability ([open quotes]CGL[close quotes]) insurance policies purchased by nearly every company in the electrical power industry for generations are supposed to cover EMF bodily injury and property damage claims. Not so, say the lawyers for the most prominent insurance company selling insurance coverage to electric utilities, Associated Electric Gas Insurance Services, Ltd. ([open quotes]AEGIS[close quotes]).

  15. 75 FR 36456 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ... (August 11, 2009), 74 FR 41777 (August 18, 2009) (SR-Phlx-2009-67). While changes to the Exchange's Fee... Traders \\7\\, Streaming Quote Traders (``SQT'') \\8\\, Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQT'') \\9\\,...

  16. 76 FR 17468 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ... Customer complex order.\\13\\ \\13\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62518 (July 16, 2010), 75 FR 43219... Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') and a Non-SQT ROT, which...

  17. 77 FR 306 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-04

    ... participants.\\10\\ CBOE believes this aspect of the AIM Auction will encourage more aggressive quoting and... aspect of the SAM Auction will encourage more aggressive quoting and superior price improvement....

  18. A high energy physics perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Marciano, W.J.

    1997-01-13

    The status of the Standard model and role of symmetry in its development are reviewed. Some outstanding problems are surveyed and possible solutions in the form of additional {open_quotes}Hidden Symmetries {close_quotes} are discussed. Experimental approaches to uncover {open_quotes}New Physics{close_quotes} associated with those symmetries are described with emphasis on high energy colliders. An outlook for the future is given.

  19. Reformulated gasoline deal with Venezuela draws heat

    SciTech Connect

    Begley, R.

    1994-04-06

    A fight is brewing in Congress over a deal to let Venezuela off the hook in complying with the Clean Air Act reformulated gasoline rule. When Venezuela threatened to call for a GATT panel to challenge the rule as a trade barrier, the Clinton Administration negotiated to alter the rule, a deal that members of Congress are characterizing as {open_quotes}secret{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}back door.{close_quotes}

  20. The specific heat of YBCO single crystals near Tc

    SciTech Connect

    Reagan, S.; Lawrie, I.D.; Howson, M.A.

    1992-12-01

    The authors present results for the measured specific heat of YBCO single crystals between 80 and 110K. The specific heat has been measured using an a.c. optical heating technique with a temperature resolution of 15mK. The superconducting transition is marked by a sharply peaked {open_quote}Lambda{close_quote} like anomaly. The {open_quote}fluctuation{close_quote} contributions to the specific heat fit a logarithmic divergence very well.

  1. Formaldehyde as hypothetical primer of biohomochirality

    SciTech Connect

    Goldanskii, V.I.

    1996-07-01

    One of the most intriguing and crucial problems of the prebiotic evolution and the origin of life is the explanation of the origin of biohomochirality. A scheme of conversions originated by formaldehyde (FA) as hypothetical primer of biohomochirality is proposed. The merit of FA as executor of this function is based -inter alia - on the distinguished role of FA as one of the earliest and simplest molecules in both warm, terrestrial and cold, extraterrestrial scenarios of the origin of life. The confirmation of the role of FA as primer of biohomochirality would support the option of an RNA world as an alternative to the protein world. The suggested hypothesis puts forward for the first time a concrete sequence of chemical reactions which can lead to biohomochirality. The spontaneous breaking of the mirror symmetry is secured by the application of the well-known Frank scheme (combination of autocatalysis and {open_quote}{open_quote}annihilation{close_quote}{close_quote} of L and D enantiomers) to the series of interactions of FA {open_quote}{open_quote}trimers{close_quote}{close_quote} (i.e. C{sub 3}H{sub 6}O{sub 3} compounds) of (aaa), (apa) and (app) types, where the monomeric groups (a) means {open_quote}{open_quote}achirons{close_quote}{close_quote} (a=CH{sub n}, n{ge}2 and C=M, M=C,O) and (p) mean {open_quote}{open_quote}prochirons{close_quote}{close_quote} (p=HC{asterisk}OM, M=H,C). {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect

    Metcalf, R.L.

    1990-12-31

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  3. 78 FR 25779 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ...b) That Sets Forth Expired SizeQuote Mechanism Pilot Program April 26, 2013. Pursuant...74(f) that sets forth the SizeQuote Mechanism pilot program because this pilot program...sets forth the open outcry SizeQuote Mechanism program, which was approved on a...

  4. The Clean Air Act`s enforcement ace: An overview of EPA`s credible evidence rule

    SciTech Connect

    Paul, P.J.

    1997-12-31

    The 1990 Clean Air Act ({open_quotes}CAA{close_quotes}) amendments included numerous provisions directing EPA to require owners or operators to conduct enhanced monitoring and to make compliance certifications. These provisions contained in both those Title V (Operating Permits) and Title VII (Enforcement) of those amendments. Section 503(b)(2) of the amended CAA requires at least annual certifications of compliance with permit requirements and prompt reporting of any deviations from such requirements. Section 114(a)(3) of the CAA requires EPA to promulgate rules on enhanced monitoring and compliance certifications. On October 23, 1993, EPA proposed its {open_quotes}enhanced monitoring{close_quotes} rule. The enhanced monitoring proposal also included the Conceptual approach of using {open_quotes}presumptively credible evidence{close_quotes} in enforcement actions. Further, this proposal also would have allowed the use of {open_quotes}credible evidence,{close_quotes} other than reference or compliance test data to establish noncompliance in an enforcement action. In approximately three weeks, EPA is scheduled to republish as a final rule, the credible evidence provisions of the original enhanced monitoring rule with apparently minor revisions. This paper briefly summarizes the history, status, and likely impact EPA`s {open_quotes}any credible evidence{close_quotes} ({open_quotes}ACE{close_quotes}) rule.

  5. 78 FR 15067 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ...undesirable alternative for the Exchange would be to propose to relax the quoting obligations. The relaxed quoting obligations could...The only real practical solution would be for the Exchange to relax the quoting obligations for the full trading day by...

  6. 78 FR 15080 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ...undesirable alternative for the Exchange would be to propose to relax the quoting obligations. The relaxed quoting obligations could...The only real practical solution would be for the Exchange to relax the quoting obligations for the full trading day by...

  7. 75 FR 18929 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ...pegging e-Quotes entered at or after 3:59:50 p.m. On days where trading closes at 1 p.m., e.g., the day after Thanksgiving, Exchange systems will reject d-Quotes or pegging e-Quotes eligible for the close entered at or after 12:59:50...

  8. 75 FR 18935 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ...pegging e-Quotes entered at or after 3:59:50 p.m. On days where trading closes at 1 p.m., e.g., the day after Thanksgiving, Exchange systems will reject d-Quotes or pegging e-Quotes eligible for the close entered at or after 12:59:50...

  9. On the subject of exploration economic analyses and risk assessments

    SciTech Connect

    Font, R.G. )

    1996-01-01

    Economic analyses are as crucial to the evaluation of exploratory ventures as good science. As explorationists we must understand the economic impact of our plays and prospects, since it is futile to be scientifically successful and economically bankrupt. Although collectively, as geoscientists, we recognize the importance of the economic assessments, we may vary drastically in our methodologies and in agreeing on which economic indicators to rely upon. Undiscounted vs. discounted factors, profit-to-investment ratios vs. rates of return, before vs. after tax calculations, risked vs. unrisked estimates, the [open quotes]subjective nature[close quotes] of risk assessments, and our [open quotes]choice[close quotes] of economic yardsticks illustrate examples of the dilemma. In summary, there are no accepted industry-wide standards involving risk analysis and economic appraisals. This paper presents a suggested approach for eliminating [open quotes]subjectivity[close quotes] from risk analysis by establishing internal standards to be agreed upon by all members of any given exploration team. The [open quotes]probability of success[close quotes] is defined as the product of specific parameters which may directly affect the success or failure of the exploratory venture utilizing a numerical scale and a classification system derived for this purpose. In addition, a quantitative definition of exploratory [open quotes]leads[close quotes] versus [open quotes]prospects[close quotes] is developed.

  10. On the subject of exploration economic analyses and risk assessments

    SciTech Connect

    Font, R.G.

    1996-12-31

    Economic analyses are as crucial to the evaluation of exploratory ventures as good science. As explorationists we must understand the economic impact of our plays and prospects, since it is futile to be scientifically successful and economically bankrupt. Although collectively, as geoscientists, we recognize the importance of the economic assessments, we may vary drastically in our methodologies and in agreeing on which economic indicators to rely upon. Undiscounted vs. discounted factors, profit-to-investment ratios vs. rates of return, before vs. after tax calculations, risked vs. unrisked estimates, the {open_quotes}subjective nature{close_quotes} of risk assessments, and our {open_quotes}choice{close_quotes} of economic yardsticks illustrate examples of the dilemma. In summary, there are no accepted industry-wide standards involving risk analysis and economic appraisals. This paper presents a suggested approach for eliminating {open_quotes}subjectivity{close_quotes} from risk analysis by establishing internal standards to be agreed upon by all members of any given exploration team. The {open_quotes}probability of success{close_quotes} is defined as the product of specific parameters which may directly affect the success or failure of the exploratory venture utilizing a numerical scale and a classification system derived for this purpose. In addition, a quantitative definition of exploratory {open_quotes}leads{close_quotes} versus {open_quotes}prospects{close_quotes} is developed.

  11. 78 FR 35338 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BOX Options Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-12

    ... S&P 500 Index. \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 34-69511 (May 3, 2013), 78 FR 27271 (May... Makers Quoting in Jumbo SPY Options June 6, 2013. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange... Rule 8050 to lower the minimum quoting requirement for Market Makers quoting in Jumbo SPY Options....

  12. Fissile material smuggling: German politics, hype and reality

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller, H.

    1994-12-01

    The spy novel nightmare scenarios of nuclear smuggling have become reality, and much of the recent news has focused on Germany. But these events must be put in perspective, and a number of apparent {open_quotes}facts{close_quotes} must be examined more carefully. For example, while authorities in Germany have seized weapons-usable material in various incidents that have captured international attention, none of this material is from nuclear weapons or weapons production facilities. Moreover, despite the fact that the number of criminal cases has risen, the quantity of {open_quotes}loose{close_quotes} weapons-usable material is still not significant. Nor are there any indications so far that powerful criminal organizations or buyers from nuclear-ambitious {open_quotes}rogue{close_quotes} states are involved. Rather, the incidents so far involve individuals or small groups of criminals who found that their {open_quotes}buyers{close_quotes} were, more often than not, German security agents working {open_quotes}sting{close_quotes} operations to trap the smugglers and black marketeers or journalists working on a {open_quotes}big story.{close_quotes}

  13. 76 FR 62872 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ... The Exchange proposes to amend the Streaming Quote Trader \\3\\ (``SQT'') Fees. \\3\\ An SQT is defined in... streaming quote systems as compared to RSQTs. For example, SQTs generally have to purchase additional software programs and hardware from outside vendor to support their streaming quote systems, in addition...

  14. 77 FR 69525 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-19

    .... Purpose The purpose of the proposed rule change is to amend a standard by which Streaming Quote Traders \\3\\ and Remote Streaming Quote Traders \\4\\ are evaluated to determine whether they have fulfilled... submissions. \\3\\ A Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT'') is defined in Exchange Rule 1014(b)(ii)(A) as...

  15. 78 FR 1906 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-09

    ... Act Release No. 68217 (November 13, 2012), 77 FR 69525. II. Description of the Proposal The Exchange... Performance Evaluations With Respect to Quote Submissions of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming... change to amend performance evaluations with respect to Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') and...

  16. Oferta Especial del Banc Sabadell pels alumnes de la Fundaci UPF. Curs 2014

    E-print Network

    ) · Exemple del càlcul de quotes: Quotes mensuals1 per finançar Import matrícula 1.500 150 euros 1. Quotes mensuals resultants de l'amortització d'un crèdit curs de 1.500 en un termini de 10 mesos, aplicant un

  17. Oferta Especial del Banc Sabadell pels alumnes de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Curs 2014 -2015

    E-print Network

    ) · Exemple del càlcul de quotes: Quotes mensuals1 per finançar Import matrícula 1.500 150 euros 1. Quotes mensuals resultants de l'amortització d'un crèdit curs de 1.500 en un termini de 10 mesos, aplicant un

  18. Cold prebiotic evolution, tunneling, chirality and exobiology

    SciTech Connect

    Goldanskii, V.I.

    1996-07-01

    The extra-terrestrial scenario of the origin of life suggested by Svante Arrhenius (1) as the {open_quote}panspermia{close_quote} hypothesis was revived by the discovery of a low-temperature quantum limit of a chemical reaction rate caused by the molecular tunneling (2). Entropy factors play no role near absolute zero, and slow molecular tunneling can lead to the exothermic formation of quite complex molecules. Interstellar grains or particles of cometary tails could serve as possible cold seeds of life, with acetic acid, urea and products of their polycondensation as quasi-equilibrium intermediates. Very cold solid environment hinders racemization and stabilizes optical activity under conditions typical for outer space. Neither {open_quote}advantage{close_quote} factors can secure the evolutionary formation of chiral purity of initial prebiotic monomeric medium{emdash}even being temporary achieved it cannot be maintained at subsequent stages of prebiotic evolution because of counteraction of {open_quote}enantioselective pressure{close_quote}. Only bifurcational mechanism of the formation of prebiotic homochiral{emdash}monomeric and afterwards polymeric{emdash}medium and its subsequent transformation in {open_quote}homochiral chemical automata{close_quote} ({open_quote}biological big bang{close_quote}{emdash}passage from {open_quote}stochastic{close_quote} to {open_quote}algorithmic{close_quote} chemistry) is possible and can be realized. Extra-terrestrial (cold, solid phase) scenarios of the origin of life seem to be more promising from that point of view than terrestrial (warm) scenarios. Within a scheme of five main stages of prebiological evolution some problems important for further investigation are briefly discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  19. Clean Water Act: Bill heads for house vote

    SciTech Connect

    Begley, R.; Rotman, D.

    1995-04-19

    The House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee has approved and sent to the House floor a bill to scale back regulations under the Clean Water Act (CWA). Amending clean water legislation has been one of the top items on the Republican regulatory reform agenda. The bill removes federal jurisdiction over stormwater runoff and abandons national standards for pesticide, fertilizer, and other agricultural runoff. The committee okayed the bill despite strong objections from Democrats, some state regulators, and environmental groups. State water pollution regulators say the bill fails to set clear water quality goals, sets protection standards too low, and stretches the use of risk assessment and cost benefit analyses too far. The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC; Washington) says the legislation is {open_quotes}a dirty water bill{close_quotes} that was {open_quotes}crafted by industries and cities seeking loopholes and exemptions.{close_quotes} Effects of the proposed bill, says NRDC, will include {open_quotes}more toxic water pollution from industries{close_quotes} and an {open_quotes}inevitable repeal of chemical discharge limits.{close_quotes} The chemical industry, however, is cheering the legislation. CMA calls the CWA amendments a {open_quotes}smart bill{close_quotes} and says it {open_quotes}emphasizes cost-effective risk reduction without compromising environmental protection,{close_quotes} CMA says that by requiring EPA to conduct risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis for clean water rules, the bill will {open_quotes}help the agency use its resources wisely and focus on those areas where the most good can be accomplished.{close_quotes}

  20. Mining landforms - A renewable energy development opportunity

    SciTech Connect

    Lombardi, J.A.

    1995-12-01

    A {open_quotes}landforming{close_quotes} land development opportunity unique to metals mining is described. {open_quotes}Landforming{close_quotes}, wherein the earth`s surface is reconfigured with mining waste rock and tails for the capture of renewable energy, is proposed by the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) to be ecologically acceptable and, in selected cases, economically superior to conventional mineral extraction, reclamation, and minesite abandonment practices. Landforming is primary land construction that uses mining waste and applies the principles of land overlay architecture. Landforms can be layered, shaped, and configured through the use of binders and plastic sheeting to the engineering specifications necessary for the support of physical structures and passage or retention of fluids. Landforms that are terraced and south facing (in the Northern Hemisphere) are an ideal mount for sun-tracking mirror (heliostat) arrays. In {open_quotes}blue sky{close_quotes}. solar-rich environments, the mirrors can be targeted on a common area to form a {open_quotes}solar furnace.{close_quotes} The heat generated at the focal point of the solar array can be used to flash generate steam and run a turbine electric generator. The solar steam power generation cycle coproducers distilled water that can be sprayed onto the surfaces of the landform to create {open_quotes}greenscape.{close_quotes} Waters not consumed or evaporated in the site greening process percolate into and are stored by the landform if it is underlain with plastic. The landform serves, in effect as a shallow aquifer. The terrace-landform development of mineral properties in remote, infrastructurally destitute areas creates renewable energy, sustainable, electric power-water {open_quotes}oases.{close_quotes} The landform development of mineral properties adjacent to metropolitan areas creates utilities expansions and recreational {open_quotes}greenspace{close_quotes} in areas of growing urban need.

  1. Monitored plutonium aerosols at a soil cleanup site on Johnston Atoll

    SciTech Connect

    Shinn, J.H.; Fry, C.O.; Johnson, J.S.

    1996-01-23

    Suspended plutonium in air was monitored for four periods near the operation of a stationary sorting system used to {open_quotes}mine{close_quotes} contaminated soil on Johnston Atoll. The monitoring periods were 14 October-14 November 1992, 20 October-15 November 1993, 16 August-3 November 1994, and 17 February-27 February 1995. Pairs of high volume air samplers were located at each of four locations of the process stream: the {open_quotes}spoils pile{close_quotes} that was the feedstock, the {open_quotes}plant area{close_quotes} near the hot soil gate of the sorter, the {open_quotes}clean pile{close_quotes} conveyer area where sorted clean soil was moved, and the {open_quotes}oversize soil{close_quotes} crushing area. These locations were monitored only during the working hours, while air monitoring was also done at an upwind, {open_quotes}background{close_quotes} area 24-hours per day. The median concentrations of Pu in {open_quotes}workplace{close_quotes} air (combined spoils pile, plant area, and clean pile sites) in 1992 was 397 aCi/m{sup 3} (15 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}), but increased to median values of 23000 aCi/m{sup 3} (852 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}) in August-November 1994 and 29800 aCi/m{sup 3} (1100 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}) in February 1995. The highest median value at the worksites (29800 aCi/m{sup 3}) was more than 200 times lower than the regulatory level. The highest observed value was 84200 aCi/m{sup 3} at the spoils pile site, and this was more than 70 times lower than the regulatory level. The conclusion was that, in spite of the dusty environment, and the increased level of specific activity, we did not find that the soil processing posed any significant risk to workers during the observation periods 1992-1995.

  2. Diagnosing and curing system freeze-ups: Part II

    SciTech Connect

    Frey, R.

    1996-02-01

    In our last article, we discussed determination and possible causes leading to frozen pipes in the heating system. We now turn to the matter of dealing with such freeze-ups. There are two major categories of frozen heating systems. The first and worst we can label the {open_quotes}Floridian Flew{close_quotes} type, when the usual occupants have taken off for warmer climates. The second is the {open_quotes}Howcudit {open_quote}B{close_quote} virus,{close_quotes} which occurs to normal people under an unusual Arctic Attack right while they are living there. Regarding the first, I never cease to be amazed how folks can just up and leave their house for three days to three months without making proper arrangements for monitoring the temperature of their home during their absence. There are a frightening number of humanoids out there, who either lack a minimal presence of common sense, or who are terrible gamblers. The amazing thing is that some of these folks wouldn`t even gamble a postage stamp on a magazine sweepstakes, but still will gamble the contents of their home by driving off for two weeks at Disneyland in the middle of January without ever making any provision for assuring that their house doesn`t freeze up while they are away. The {open_quotes}Howcudit {open_quote}B{close_quote}{close_quotes} type is not nearly as devasting as the {open_quotes}Floridian Flew.{close_quotes} Imagine coming home to an icy cold house after flying in from the sunny beaches of some tropical paradise. The oilburner switch is on. The thermostate is set at 60 where we left it, but the needle is buried somewhere down behind the cover, like it is cowering from guilt. {open_quotes}Oh Man! I just checked the bathroom; there is an icicle hanging from the vanity faucet and the toilet bowl is a block of ice.{close_quotes}

  3. How to swallow an elephant

    SciTech Connect

    Powell, K.B.

    1995-03-01

    There is an old East Indian fable of a young man who went to see a wise man. The young man had a question - {open_quotes}How can I become rich and powerful?{close_quotes} The wise man paused for a moment then asked a question in return - {open_quotes}How can you swallow an elephant?{close_quotes} The young man was astounded, {open_quotes}There is no way a man can swallow an elephant!{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Yes, there is,{close_quotes} replied the wise man, {open_quotes}You just have to do it one bite at a time.{close_quotes} Many large problems can only be handled the same way that an elephant is swallowed, one bite at a time. Global warming and other environmental problems are obviously of elephant-swallowing scale. Some have set a goal for our society of reducing atmospheric greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), by 20%. The cost to accomplish this has been estimated to be about five trillion dollars! As big as this elephant is, I suspect that its size is understated, if all the factors involved are included. The proponents of the plan tell us that it is well worth the cost to save the world. Therein lies another elephant-style problem.

  4. An empirical test of the weighted effect approach to generalized prediction using recursive neural nets

    SciTech Connect

    Lang, R.

    1996-12-31

    The requirement of a strict and fixed distinction between dependent variables and independent variables, together with the presence of missing data, typically imposes considerable problems for most standard statistical prediction procedures. This paper describes a solution of these problems through the {open_quotes}weighted effect{close_quotes} approach in which recursive neural nets are used to learn how to compensate for any main and interaction effects attributable to missing data through the use of an {open_quotes}effect set{close_quotes} in addition to the data of actual cases. Extensive simulations of the approach based on an existing psychological data base showed high predictive validity, and a graceful degradation in performance with an increase in the number of unknown predictor variables. Moreover, the method proved amenable to the use of two-parameter logistic curves to arrive at a three way {open_quotes}low,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}high,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}undecided{close_quotes} decision scheme with a-priori known error rates.

  5. Set theory and physics

    SciTech Connect

    Svozil, K.

    1995-11-01

    Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) in chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of solid three-dimensional objects, (iii) in the theory of effective computability (Church-Turing thesis) related to the possible {open_quotes}solution of supertasks,{close_quotes} and (iv) for weak solutions. Several approaches to set theory and their advantages and disadvantages for physical applications are discussed: Cantorian {open_quotes}naive{close_quotes} (i.e., nonaxiomatic) set theory, contructivism, and operationalism. In the author`s opinion, an attitude, of {open_quotes}suspended attention{close_quotes} (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis) seems most promising for progress. Physical and set theoretical entities must be operationalized wherever possible. At the same time, physicists should be open to {open_quotes}bizarre{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}mindboggling{close_quotes} new formalisms, which need not be operationalizable or testable at the time of their creation, but which may successfully lead to novel fields of phenomenology and technology.

  6. Segregation analysis of Alzheimer pedigrees: Rare Mendelian dominant mutation(s) explain a minority of early-onset cases

    SciTech Connect

    Martinez, M.; Campion, D.; Babron, M.C.; Darpoux, F.C.

    1996-02-16

    Segregation analysis of Alzheimer disease (AD) in 92 families ascertained through early-onset ({le}age 60 years) AD (EOAD) probands has been carried out, allowing for a mixture in AD inheritance among probands. The goal was to quantify the proportion of probands that could be explained by autosomal inheritance of a rare disease allele {open_quotes}a{close_quotes} at a Mendelian dominant gene (MDG). Our data provide strong evidence for a mixture of two distributions; AD transmission is fully explained by MDG inheritance in <20% of probands. Male and female age-of-onset distributions are significantly different for {open_quotes}AA{close_quote} but not for {open_quotes}aA{close_quote} subjects. For {open_quotes}aA{close_quote} subjects the estimated penetrance value was close to 1 by age 60. For {open_quotes}AA{close_quotes} subjects, it reaches, by age 90, 10% (males) and 30% (females). We show a clear cutoff in the posterior probability of being an MDG case. 10 refs., 1 tab.

  7. Enhancement of computer program SPECTRAN to provide optional synthesis of 1/12 octave-band and critical-band spectra from 1/3 octave-band spectra

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Young-Soo; Liebich, R.E.

    1997-07-01

    This paper describes greatly enhanced version of the computer program SPECTRAN, which was initially presented in Paper No. 96-RA104.01, at the A&WMA 89th Annual Meeting in June 1996. The program has had three basic upgrades since that time. The first is provision of an option to use either batch-mode input from previously prepared data files or a {open_quotes}user-friendly{close_quotes} interactive input routine. The latter is primarily for first-time users and those having only one, or very few, spectra to process. The second improvement is the synthesis of 1/12 octave-band spectra from 1/3 octave-band spectra, with {open_quotes}tone correction,{close_quotes} in a manner similar to that used in the original version of the program. The third fundamental improvement is addition of a unique new capability to synthesize classic {open_quotes}critical-band{close_quotes} spectra from 1/3 octave-band input spectra. Critical-band spectra are also termed {open_quotes}equivalent-rectangular-bandwidth (ERB){close_quotes} and {open_quotes}equal-contribution-to-speech (ECS){close_quotes} spectra.

  8. Financial constraints and CO{sub 2} tax in Eastern Europe: A modelling approach

    SciTech Connect

    Percebois, J.

    1995-12-31

    The four East European countries belonging to the {open_quotes}VISEGRAD{close_quotes} group (Poland, Czeck Republic, Slovakia, Hungary) want to join rapidly the European Union. They already benefit from some commercial advantages. Russia will not join the European Union but it also wants to benefit from some commercial relationships with Europe. It Is the reason why these countries in, particular the {open_quotes}VISEGRAD{close_quotes} group, have to respect some financial constraints; in the European Union the Maastricht Treaty requires the following criteria: about the same rates of inflation and Interest, stability of currency, budget deficit less than 3% of G.D.P. and a public debt stock less than 60% of G.D.P. The first objective of the economies {open_quotes}in transition{close_quotes} is to introduce the conditions of a market-oriented economy: price freedom, removal of subsidies, privatization, competition and efficiency incentives. The state itself must respect economic rules, in particular to avoid an excess budget deficit. The privatization process we may observe today is partly due to the search of efficiency incentives; it is largely due to a financial constraint: to avoid the {open_quotes}snowball effect{close_quotes} of public debt. Improving efficiency in the energy sector is possible through {open_quotes}fair{close_quotes} energy pricing, which would allow to cut public subsidies to this sector.

  9. Engineering change in global climate

    SciTech Connect

    Schneider, S.H.

    1996-12-31

    {open_quotes}With increased public focus on global warming and in the wake of the intense heat waves, drought, fires, and super-hurricanes that occurred in 1988 and 1989, interest in geoengineering has surged,{close_quotes} says Stephen H. Schneider, professor of biological science at Stanford University in Stanford, California. One scheme set forth in a National Research Council report proposes using 16-inch naval guns to fire aerosol shells into the stratosphere in hopes of offsetting {open_quotes}the radiative effects of increasing carbon dioxide,{close_quotes} Schneider says. Schneider, however, would prefer that we {open_quotes}seek measures that can cure our global {open_quote}addiction{close_quote} to polluting practices.{close_quotes} Rather than playing God, he says we should {open_quotes}stick to being human and pursue problem - solving methods currently within our grasp.{close_quotes} Such strategies include efforts to promote energy efficiency and reduce our reliance on automobiles.

  10. Do disk drives dream of buffer cache hits?

    SciTech Connect

    Holt, A.

    1994-12-31

    G.E. Moore, in his book Principia Ethica, examines the popular view of ethics that deals with {open_quotes}what we ought to do{close_quotes} as well as using ethics to cover the general inquiry: {open_quotes}what is good?{close_quotes} This paper utilises Moore`s view of Ethics to examine computer systems performance. Moore asserts that {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} in itself is indefinable. It is argued in this report that, although we describe computer systems as good (or bad) a computer system cannot be good in itself, rather a means to good! In terms of {open_quotes}what we ought to do{close_quotes} this paper looks at what actions (would) bring about good computer system performance according to computer science and engineering literature. In particular we look at duties, responsibilities and {open_quotes}to do what is right{close_quotes} in terms of system administration, design and usage. We further argue that in order to first make ethical observations with respect computer system performance and then apply them, requires technical knowledge which is typically limited to industry specialists and experts.

  11. Challenge problems for artificial intelligence

    SciTech Connect

    Selman, B.; Brooks, R.A.; Dean, T.

    1996-12-31

    AI textbooks and papers of ten discuss the big questions, such as {open_quotes}how to reason with uncertainty{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}how to reason efficiently{close_quotes}, or {open_quotes}how to improve performance through learning.{close_quotes} It is more difficult, however, to find descriptions of concrete problems or challenges that are still ambitious and interesting, yet not so open-ended. The goal of this panel is to formulate a set of such challenge problems for the field. Each panelist was asked to formulate one or more challenges. The emphasis is on problems for which there is a good chance that they will be resolved within the next five to ten years.

  12. Compilation for critically constrained knowledge bases

    SciTech Connect

    Schrag, R.

    1996-12-31

    We show that many {open_quotes}critically constrained{close_quotes} Random 3SAT knowledge bases (KBs) can be compiled into disjunctive normal form easily by using a variant of the {open_quotes}Davis-Putnam{close_quotes} proof procedure. From these compiled KBs we can answer all queries about entailment of conjunctive normal formulas, also easily - compared to a {open_quotes}brute-force{close_quotes} approach to approximate knowledge compilation into unit clauses for the same KBs. We exploit this fact to develop an aggressive hybrid approach which attempts to compile a KB exactly until a given resource limit is reached, then falls back to approximate compilation into unit clauses. The resulting approach handles all of the critically constrained Random 3SAT KBs with average savings of an order of magnitude over the brute-force approach.

  13. Application of break preclusion concept in German nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect

    Roos, E.; Maier, V.; Nagel, G.

    1997-04-01

    The break preclusion concept is based on {open_quotes}KTA rules{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}RSK guidelines{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Rahmenspeziflkation Basissicherheit{close_quotes}. These fundamental rules containing for example requirements on material, design, calculation, manufacturing and testing procedures are explained and the technical realisation is shown by means of examples. The proof of the quality of these piping systems can be executed by means of fracture mechanics calculations by showing that in every case the leakage monitoring system already detect cracks which are clearly smaller than the critical crack. Thus the leak before break behavior and the break preclusion concept is implicitly affirmed. In order to further diminish conservativities in the fracture mechanics procedures, specific research projects are executed which are explained in this contribution.

  14. Use of sulfur hexafluoride and perfluorocarbon tracers in plutonium storage containers for leak detection

    SciTech Connect

    Kung, J.K.

    1998-05-01

    This study involves an investigation of the feasibility of a tracer-based leak detection system for long-term interim plutonium storage. In particular, a protocol has been developed based on the use of inert tracers with varying concentrations in order to {open_quotes}fingerprint{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}tag{close_quotes} specific containers. A particular combination of tracers at specific ratios could be injected into the free volume of each container, allowing for the detection of leaks as well as determination of the location of leaking containers. Based on plutonium storage considerations, sulfur hexafluoride and four perfluorocarbon tracers were selected and should allow a wide range of viable fingerprinting combinations. A {open_quotes}high-low{close_quotes} protocol which uses two distinct chromatographic peak areas or concentration levels, is recommended. Combinations of air exchange rates, detection durations, and detectability limits are examined in order to predict minimum tracer concentrations required for injection in storage containers.

  15. Use of SSH on a compartmented mode workstation

    SciTech Connect

    Tolliver, J.S.; Dillow, D.

    1997-08-01

    SSH stands for {open_quotes}Secure Shell.{close_quotes} It is now a user shell like csh or ksh. Instead it is a widely-used means to accomplish secure, encrypted communication among cooperating nodes. It is a secure replacement for the {open_quotes}r-commands{close_quotes}, rlogin, and rcp. SSH is free for noncommercial use and builds and runs on most any Unix platform. A Compartmented Mode Workstation (CMW) is an example of a secure or {open_quotes}trusted{close_quotes} operating system. The use of SSH on a CMW introduces security problems unless the SSH source code is modified to take advantage of the security features of the CMW. This paper describes the port and use of SSH on one particular brand of CMW.

  16. Selection criteria for adding management units to the SAMAB regional biosphere reserve

    SciTech Connect

    Mann, L.K.; Martin, G.; Abrell, J.; Meriwether, D. )

    1994-06-01

    The SAMAB (Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere) regional biosphere reserve initially consisted of three land management units in the southern Appalachians (Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory's National Environmental Research Park). Traditional biosphere reserves in UNESCOs Man and the Biosphere (MAB) program have been defined by [open quote]core[close quote], [open quote]buffer[close quote], and [open quote]transition[close quote] zones. These concepts are difficult to apply to regional biosphere reserves. Therefore, selection criteria for incorporating additional land management units into SAMAB were developed which recognize 4 components of the regional reserve: biosphere reserve (core) units, varied and harmonious landscapes, modified landscapes, and the zone of cooperation. Selection criteria define ecological, political, logistic, and educational requirements for inclusion. The Tennessee River Gorge Trust is currently under evaluation for inclusion in SAMAB.

  17. HUNTER-GATHERER: Three search techniques integrated for natural language semantics

    SciTech Connect

    Beale, S.; Nirenburg, S.; Mahesh, K.

    1996-12-31

    This work integrates three related Al search techniques - constraint satisfaction, branch-and-bound and solution synthesis - and applies the result to semantic processing in natural language (NL). We summarize the approach as {open_quote}Hunter-Gatherer:{close_quotes} (1) branch-and-bound and constraint satisfaction allow us to {open_quote}hunt down{close_quotes} non-optimal and impossible solutions and prune them from the search space. (2) solution synthesis methods then {open_quote}gather{close_quotes} all optimal solutions avoiding exponential complexity. Each of the three techniques is briefly described, as well as their extensions and combinations used in our system. We focus on the combination of solution synthesis and branch-and-bound methods which has enabled near-linear-time processing in our applications. Finally, we illustrate how the use of our technique in a large-scale MT project allowed a drastic reduction in search space.

  18. Disappearance of extrusion instabilities in brass capillary dies

    SciTech Connect

    Ghanta, V.G.; Riise, B.L.; Denn, M.M.

    1999-03-01

    We have extruded a linear low-density polyethylene through capillary dies fabricated from stainless steel and brass. We confirm a result first reported by Ramamurthy [Ramamurthy, A. V., {open_quotes}Wall Slip in Viscous Fluids and Influence of Materials of Construction,{close_quotes} J. Rheol. {bold 30}, 337{endash}357 (1986)]: sharkskin can be eliminated by the use of a brass die. We also find a substantially enhanced throughput from the brass die relative to the stainless-steel die at stresses in the range where sharkskin is observed with the latter. Finally, the large pressure oscillations and periodic extrudate distortions observed in the {open_quotes}slip{endash}stick{close_quotes} region with stainless steel are absent with brass, where the transition to the {open_quotes}upper branch{close_quotes} of the flow curve is more gradual. {copyright} {ital 1999 Society of Rheology.}

  19. The Solar Flare Myth in solar-terrestrial physics

    SciTech Connect

    Gosling, J.T.

    1993-07-01

    Early observations of associations between solar flares and large non- recurrent geomagnetic storms, large {open_quote}solar{close_quote} energetic particle events, and transient shock wave disturbances in the solar wind led to a paradigm of cause and effect that gave flares a central position in the chain of events leading from solar activity to major transient disturbances in the near-earth space environment. However, research in the last two decades shows that this emphasis on flares is misplaced. In this paper the author outlines briefly the rationale for a different paradigm of cause and effect in solar- terrestrial physics that removes solar flares from their central position as the {open_quote}cause{close_quote} of major disturbances in the near-earth space environment. Instead, this central role of {open_quote}cause{close_quote} is played by events now known as coronal mass ejections, or CMEs.

  20. Scaling laws for specialized hohlraums

    SciTech Connect

    Rosen, M.D.

    1993-09-28

    The author presents scaling laws for the behavior of hohlraums that are somewhat more complex than a simple sphere or cylinder. In particular the author considers hohlraums that are in what has become known as a {open_quotes}primary{close_quotes} {open_quotes}secondary{close_quotes} configuration, namely geometries in which the laser is absorbed in a primary region of a hohlraum, and only radiation energy is transported to a secondary part of the hohlraum that is shielded from seeing the laser light directly. Such hohlraums have been in use of late for doing LTE opacity experiments on a sample in the secondary and in recently proposed {open_quotes}shimmed{close_quotes} hohlraums that use gold disks on axis to block a capsule`s view of the cold laser entrance hole. The temperature/drive of the secondary, derived herein, scales somewhat differently than the drive in simple hohlraums.

  1. A note on the role of system engineering in the industry of a changing society

    SciTech Connect

    Angelini, A.M.

    1996-12-31

    In order to analyze and solve the problems arising nowadays especially associated with production activities and services in a {open_quotes}changing society{close_quotes}, the most appropriate methodology is System Science and Engineering, of which a more incisive contribution is desirable in an age where a political approach prevails in such problems. One of the most important problems concerns the electricity sector, of which the peculiar characteristics are underlined, as it represents at the same time an asset and a service not assimilable to {open_quotes}goods{close_quotes}, and as regards the limits that are set for competition and the characteristics that make a {open_quotes}natural monopoly{close_quotes} of it regardless of its, private or public, nature. 3 refs.

  2. Refinery suppliers face tough times

    SciTech Connect

    Rotman, D.; Walsh, K.

    1997-03-12

    Despite a handful of bright spots in hydroprocessing and petrochemical sectors, economic woes plague much of the refinery and petrochemical catalysts business, as suppliers are feeling the impact of mature markets and refiners` ongoing cost cutting. Industry experts say the doldrums could spur further restructuring in the catalyst business, with suppliers scrambling for market share and jockeying for position in growing sectors. Expect further consolidation over the next several years, says Pierre Bonnifay, president of IFP Enterprises (New York). {open_quotes}There are still too many players for the mature [refinery catalyst] markets.{close_quotes} Others agree. {open_quotes}Only about seven [or] eight major suppliers will survive,{close_quotes} says Robert Allsmiller, v.p./refinery and petrochemical catalysts at United Catalysts Inc. (UCI; Louisville, KY). {open_quotes}Who they [will be] is still up in the air.{close_quotes}

  3. Crystal growth of a layered silicate clay mineral as revealed by atomic force microscopy

    SciTech Connect

    Carrado, K.A.; Song, Kang; Zajac, G.W.

    1997-12-31

    Non-contact atomic force microscopy, commonly referred to as {open_quotes}tapping mode{close_quotes} AFM, has been used to scan primarily the morphological features of growing hectorite clay crystallites synthesized in the presence of organo-ammonium cations. The use of such cations allows larger crystals to form in this system, making study by AFM feasible. This is the first time that actual temporal {open_quotes}snapshots{close_quotes} of a clay`s nucleation and crystallization processes have been presented. The observed view does not support the perhaps predicted scene of small crystallites slowly ripening into larger and larger plates. Instead, larger and larger aggregates appear to coalesce from a larger number of small crystallites that are closely associated in globular networks similar in appearance to {open_quotes}strings of pearls{close_quotes} at the initial stages of crystallization.

  4. Measurement accuracy, bit-strings, Manthey`s quaternions, and RRQM

    SciTech Connect

    Noyes, H.P.

    1995-02-01

    The author continues the discussion started last year. By now three potentially divergent research programs have surfaced in ANPA: (1) the Bastin-Kilmister understanding of the combinatorial hierarchy (Clive`s {open_quotes}Menshevik{close_quotes} position); (2) the author`s bit-string {open_quotes}Theory of Everything{close_quotes} (which Clive has dubbed {open_quotes}Bolshevik{close_quotes}); (3) Manthey`s cycle hierarchy based on co-occurrence and mutual exclusion that Clive helped him map onto quaternions (as an yet unnamed heresy?). Unless a common objective can be found, these three points of view will continue to diverge. The authors suggests the reconstruction of relativistic quantum mechanism (RRQM) as a reasonable, and attainable, goal that might aid convergence rather than divergence.

  5. Whatever happened to the 60 Hertz power?

    SciTech Connect

    Waggoner, R.M.

    1996-05-01

    We have all become used to 60 Hertz electrical power - in fact that is what we have expected at the electrical outlet ever since the DC days of George Westinghouse and others in the early part of the 20th Century, We knew that 60 Hertz was generated and transmitted by the power supplier, and we knew that our load devices, when {open_quotes}plugged-in{close_quotes} would accept that frequency when we turned on the switch. The surprise for most of us is that this happy {open_quotes}marriage{close_quotes} of 60 Hertz supply and 60 Hertz load just does not exist much anymore and the prospect for the future is an ever increasing {open_quotes}multiple-frequency{close_quotes} demand by the new sensitive loads. These multiple frequencies, in addition to 60 Hertz, are what we call Harmonics; and, their presence introduces both current and voltage interactions which can disturb our power systems.

  6. Climate change history stored in Greenland ice

    SciTech Connect

    Stauffer, B.

    1996-12-31

    Core samples drilled deep inside polar ice caps may reveal important clues about the future in an era of global warming. Ice caps are {open_quotes}excellent archives that allow us to document gradual shifts in climate that have occurred over the past millennia,{close_quotes} says Bernhard Stauffer, a researcher at the University of Bern`s Physics Institute in Switzerland. Samples taken deep beneath the surface of the ice cap {open_quotes}allow scientists to reconstruct changes not only in global climate, including temperature and precipitation, but also in atmospheric composition,{close_quotes} Stauffer says. Abrupt, not gradual, temperatures increases were found to correspond to an increase in greenhouse gases. What do these findings bode for the future? {open_quotes}Our exploration of the ice cores has suggested...that global climatic variation can occur in a fraction of a human lifetime,{close_quotes} Stauffer concludes.

  7. 636 To the burnertip

    SciTech Connect

    Huntoon, S.L.

    1994-07-01

    For LDCs still dazed from last year's revolution, the prospect of totally restructuring their own business in 636 fashion may seem incredible. But the movement is real, invoking concepts like [open quotes]unbundling,[close quotes] [open quotes]comparability of service,[close quotes] and [open quotes]open access.[close quotes] And in it, marketers see their next great business opportunity. Large customers perceive a possible advantage in contracting for and managing their supplies through the entire pipeline/distributor infrastructure, particularly as an indirect means of cutting LDC margins by paying [open quotes]only for what they use.[close quotes] Producers also see the prospect of cutting LDC margins through [open quotes]competition.[close quotes] Those policymakers and economists that saw efficiency gains in turning pipelines into common carries presumably see the same potential with distributors. And some LDCs may be starting down that path. Is there a certain inevitability to this Will distributors be out of the merchant business in, say, five years Will the homeowner get a bill for transportation from PECO and a bill for gas from Enron Access Maybe. Certainly it is not inevitable. The revolution in telecommunications that gave us competition in long distance largely stopped with the baby Bells. Duly noting the California plan, electric utilities are sellers of commodities - not common carriers, as are water companies. Even the cable companies are exclusive sellers of what they carry. So the experience of other utility industries does not preordain that LDCs transport rather than sell gas. Thus, it is quite possible that the [open quotes]equilibrium[close quotes] for LDC activities pre-636 is the equilibrium post-636. That is, large end users would continue to transport gas on the LDC system while all others would continue to purchase a bundled merchant service from the LDC. But the jury will be out for the foreseeable future.

  8. Toxicity evaluation and hazard review for Rigid Foam

    SciTech Connect

    Archuleta, M.M.; Stocum, W.E.

    1994-02-01

    Rigid Foam is a chemical delay foam used to completely encapsulate an object or to block access to an area. Prior studies have indicated that the final foam product is essentially non-toxic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and summarize the current chemical and toxicological data available on the components of Rigid Foam and to update the information available on the toxicity of the final Rigid Foam product. Since the possibility exists for a partial deployment of Rigid Foam where only one of the components is released, this study also examined the toxicity of its chemical constituents. Rigid Foam is composed of an {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} Component. The {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} component is primarily a polymeric isocyanate and the {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} component is a mixture of polyols. In addition to the primary constituents, dichlorodifluoromethane and trichlorofluoromethane are present as blowing agents along with catalysts and silicone surfactants necessary for foaming. The pre-deployed {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} components are stored in separate vessels and are brought together in static mixing nozzles for dispersal. The results of this evaluation indicate that a completely deployed Rigid Foam under normal conditions is essentially non-toxic as determined previously. However, in the event of a partial deployment or deployment of an individual component directly at an unprotected individual, the degree of hazard is increased due to the toxic and corrosive nature of the individual constituents. The health hazard would depend on the properties of the material to which the person was exposed.

  9. Generic evolution of deuterium and {sup 3}He

    SciTech Connect

    Steigman, G.; Tosi, M.

    1995-11-01

    The primordial abundances of deuterium and of {sup 3}He, produced during big bang nucleosynthesis, depend sensitively on the baryon density. Thus, the observed abundances of D and {sup 3}He may provide useful {open_quote}{open_quote}baryometers{close_quote}{close_quote} provided the evolution from primordial to present (or, presolar nebula) abundances is understood. Inevitably, the derivation of primordial from observed abundances requires the intervention of a model for galactic evolution and, so, the inferred primordial abundances are, necessarily, model-dependent. Here, an analytic framework for the evolution of D and {sup 3}He is presented which is {open_quote}{open_quote}generic{close_quote}{close_quote} in the sense that it should describe the results of any specific galactic evolution model. The {open_quote}{open_quote}effective {sup 3}He survival fraction,{close_quote}{close_quote} {Gamma}{sub 3}, is the one free parameter which is model-specific. Solar system and interstellar data are used to infer upper and lower bounds to the primordial deuterium mass fraction ({ital X}{sub 2{ital P}}) as a function of {Gamma}{sub 3}, and these bounds are used to constrain the present baryon-to-photon ratio ({eta}) and baryon density ({Omega}{sub {ital B}}). For {Gamma}{sub 3}{ge}1/4 it is found that (from D and {sup 3}He alone): 3.1{le}{eta}{sub 10}{le}9.0; 0.045{le}{Omega}{sub {ital Bh{sup 2}}}{sub 50}{le}0.133 (where {ital H}{sub 0}=50{ital h}{sub 50} km s{sup {minus}1} Mpc{sup {minus}1}). {copyright} {ital 1995 The American Astronomical Society.}

  10. Tank 241-TX-105 vapor sampling and analysis tank characterization report

    SciTech Connect

    Huckaby, J.L.

    1995-05-31

    Tank 241-TX-105 headspace gas and vapor samples were collected and analyzed to help determine the potential risks to tank farm workers due to fugitive emissions from the tank. The drivers and objectives of waste tank headspace sampling and analysis are discussed in {open_quotes}Program Plan for the Resolution of Tank Vapor Issues.{close_quotes} Tank 241-TX-105 was vapor sampled in accordance with {open_quotes}Data Quality Objectives for Generic In-Tank Health and Safety Issue Resolution.{close_quotes}

  11. Tank 241-C-104 vapor sampling and analysis tank characterization report

    SciTech Connect

    Huckaby, J.L.

    1995-05-31

    Tank 241-C-104 headspace gas and vapor samples were collected and analyzed to help determine the potential risks to tank farm workers due to fugitive emissions from the tank. The drivers and objectives of waste tank headspace sampling and analysis are discussed in {open_quotes}Program Plan for the Resolution of Tank Vapor Issues.{close_quotes} Tank 241-C-104 was vapor sampled in accordance with {open_quotes}Data Quality Objectives for Generic In-Tank Health and Safety Issue Resolution.{close_quotes}

  12. New ligands for the asymmetric dihydroxylation

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, H.; King, S.B.; Richardson, P.

    1995-12-31

    The asymmetric dibydroxylation of olefins in the presence of cinchona alkaloid derivatives (the AD reaction) has proven to be a reliable method in organic syntheses. For most olefins, the enantioselectivities using the {open_quotes}standard{close_quotes} phathalazine ligands are excellent; however, facial selectivity is still moderate for some olefins. 2,3-Diphenyl pyrazinopyridazine (DPP) and anthraquinone (AQN) as spacers for the {open_quotes}pseudo enantiomeric{close_quotes} alkaloids dihydroquinidine (DHQD) or dihydroquinine (DHQ) give superior enantioselectivities for almost all olefins.

  13. Mixed constraint satisfaction: A framework for decision problems under incomplete knowledge

    SciTech Connect

    Fargier, H.; Lang, J.; Schiex, T.

    1996-12-31

    Constraint satisfaction is a powerful tool for representing and solving decision problems with complete knowledge about the world. We extend the CSP framework so as to represent decision problems under incomplete knowledge. The basis of the extension consists in a distinction between controllable and uncontrollable variables - hence the terminology {open_quotes}mixed CSP{close_quotes} - and a {open_quotes}solution{close_quotes} gives actually a conditional decision. We study the complexity of deciding the consistency of a mixed CSP. As the problem is generally intractable, we propose an algorithm for finding an approximate solution.

  14. Programmed cell death for defense against anomaly and tumor formation

    SciTech Connect

    Kondo, Sohei; Norimura, Toshiyuki; Nomura, Taisei

    1995-12-31

    Cell death after exposure to low-level radiation is often considered evidence that radiation is poisonous, however small the dose. Evidence has been accumulating to support the notion that cell death after low-level exposure to radiation results from activation of suicidal genes {open_quote}programmed cell death{close_quote} or {open_quote}apoptosis{close_quote} - for the health of the whole body. This paper gives experimental evidence that embryos of fruit flies and mouse fetuses have potent defense mechanisms against teratogenic or tumorigenic injury caused by radiation and carcinogens, which function through programmed cell death.

  15. CIMFUELS: NPRA computer conference continues to grow

    SciTech Connect

    Latour, P.R.

    1997-01-01

    Process computer control has been a bedrock topic of NPRA computer conferences for many years. Traditionally this has included basic and advanced dynamic control, multivariable control (CMVPC), on-line optimization (CLRTO), scheduling, on-line integration and performance measures. These are the five active function of CIMFUELS that make money. Lately some have excluded scheduling and integration from {open_quotes}process control{close_quotes} but as they go closed loop, they become basic functions of {open_quotes}process control.{close_quotes} These new techniques to determine the financial performance of computer systems technology are discussed.

  16. Ten practical guidelines for successful business process reengineering

    SciTech Connect

    Hutchin, J.W.

    1996-12-31

    Well-skilled in the technical elements of their own process design specialty, many BPR consultants operating in industry today believe that a state-of-the-art command of what they {open_quotes}do{close_quotes} is sufficient to bring value to their clients. Understandable though it may be, this perspective can impair the development of the sound consultant/client relationship needed for the buyer to fully realize the value received from the consulting engagement. And, for the process design consultant, failure to competently manage the {open_quotes}human component{close_quotes} can often be the barrier that impedes the development of a growing and profitable practice.

  17. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    is Plagiarism?................................................................... 5 Avoiding Plagiarism: Cite the Words and Ideas of Others ......................... 14 Avoiding Plagiarism: Quoting................................................... 15 Avoiding Plagiarism: Paraphrasing........................................... 16-19 Choosing

  18. High temperature fracture and fatigue of ceramics. Annual technical progress report No. 6, August 15, 1994--August 14, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, B.

    1996-04-01

    This report covers work done in the first year of our new contract {open_quotes}High Temperature Fracture and Fatigue of Ceramics,{close_quotes} which commenced in August, 1995 as a follow-on from our prior contract {open_quotes}Mechanisms of Mechanical Fatigue in Ceramics.{close_quotes} Our activities have consisted mainly of studies of the failure of fibrous ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) at high temperature; with a little fundamental work on the role of stress redistribution in the statistics of fracture and cracking in the presence of viscous fluids.

  19. Studies in combustion dynamics

    SciTech Connect

    Koszykowski, M.L.

    1993-12-01

    The goal of this program is to develop a fundamental understanding and a quantitative predictive capability in combustion modeling. A large part of the understanding of the chemistry of combustion processes comes from {open_quotes}chemical kinetic modeling.{close_quotes} However, successful modeling is not an isolated activity. It necessarily involves the integration of methods and results from several diverse disciplines and activities including theoretical chemistry, elementary reaction kinetics, fluid mechanics and computational science. Recently the authors have developed and utilized new tools for parallel processing to implement the first numerical model of a turbulent diffusion flame including a {open_quotes}full{close_quotes} chemical mechanism.

  20. Transition-metal complexes with sulfur ligands. 82. H{sub 2}S, S{sub 2}, and CS{sub 2} molecules as ligands in sulfur-rich [Ru(PPh{sub 3})`S{sub 4}] complexes (`S{sub 4}{sup 2-} = 1,2-Bis[(2-mercaptophenyl)thio]ethane(2-))

    SciTech Connect

    Sellmann, D.; Lechner, P.; Knoch, F.; Moll, M.

    1992-01-29

    Red (Ru(PPh{sub 3}){open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}){sub x} ({open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}{sup 2} = 1,2-bis((2-mercaptophenyl)thio)ethane(2-) reacts in liquid H{sub 2}S at -70 C to give (Ru(SH{sub 2})(PPh{sub 3}){open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}) (1) which recrystallizes from H{sub 2}S-saturated THF as 1-THF in yellow-orange single crystals. 1-THF is the first of the rare and often very unstable H{sub 2}S complexes that could be characterized by X-ray crystallography and shows how H{sub 2}S in complexes with sulfur-dominated coordination spheres is stabilized by hydrogen bonds. 1 and 1-THF are rapidly oxidized by O{sub 2} to yield deep turquoise-blue (({mu}-S{sub 2})(Ru(PPh{sub 3}{open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}){sub 2}) (2) which has a trans {eta}{sup 1}-{eta}{sup 1}-S{sub 2} bridge and exists in two diastereomeric forms as proved by X-ray structure determination of 2{center_dot}CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} and 2{center_dot}CS{sub 2}. Crystals of 2{center_dot}CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} are triclinic. The RuSSRu core in 2 is a chromophore and is described as delocalized 4c-6e {pi} system. A high degree of sulfur coordination at the Ru centers is assumed to be responsible for the unusual electronic properties of 2 compared with other {mu}-S{sub 2} complexes. Addition of CS{sub 2} to (Ru(PPh{sub 3}) {open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}) fragments leads to formation of binuclear deep red ((Ru(PPh{sub 3}))({mu}-{open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}CS{sub 2})(Ru(PPh{sub 3}){open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote})) (3; {open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}CS{sub 2}{sup 2{minus}} = 2-))2-((2-mercaptophenyl)-thio)phenyl trithiocarbonate (2-)) that exists in two diastereomeric pairs of enantiomers. One pair was characterized by X-ray crystallography of 3{center_dot}CS{sub 2} that contains a bridging thioxanthate ligand in an unprecedented bonding mode. Crystals of 3{center_dot}CS{sub 2} are monoclinic, space group P1.

  1. Climate change: Clinton affirms binding emissions reduction policy

    SciTech Connect

    Fairley, P.

    1996-12-04

    In Australia last month President Clinton called for an international agreement to negotiate {open_quotes}legally binding commitments to fight climate change.{close_quotes} His comments affirmed the line the Administration adopted in July and lent prominence to the effort to bring about a treaty by December 1997. Environmentalists welcomed Clinton`s comments, but industry response is divided. The Global Climate Coalition (Washington), of which CMA is a member, has tried to slow negotiations by questioning the scientific consensus on climate change and suggesting {open_quotes}serious damage to the American economy{close_quotes} could result from emissions reduction.

  2. Nuclear power failure signals end of an era

    SciTech Connect

    Mariotte, M.

    1996-07-01

    In the United States, {open_quotes}the nuclear industry is dead, kaput, finished{close_quotes} says Michael Mariotte, executive director of the Nuclear Information and Resource Service in Washington, D.C. Why? Investors are reluctant to gamble their money on a future generation of supposedly safe, economic nuclear power plants. {open_quotes}in 1979, the `safe` Three Mile Island-2 reactor turned a several-hundred-million-dollar investment into a billion-dollar loss in a matter of hours,{close_quotes} Mariotte says. {open_quotes}In fact, investing in nuclear power at this point would be like investing in the Titanic II.{close_quotes} However, diehard proponents of nuclear energy persist in their optimism for a new nuclear age, Mariotte says. These nuclear backers see the need to replace aging plants with a new generation of safer plants. But would a new generation of reactors really be safer? {open_quotes}To date, the industry may spur some new nuclear plants, it is more likely to lead to alternative renewable sources of energy that are more economical. {open_quotes}The nuclear age has ended as a result of inefficiency and unacceptable risks...After 50 years of sustained abuse, the Earth has finally and deservedly entered the end of the nuclear age,{close_quotes} Mariotte says.

  3. Magnetic Dichroism in the Angular Distribution of Atomic Oxygen {bold 2}{ital p} Photoelectrons

    SciTech Connect

    Plotzke, O.; Pruemper, G.; Zimmermann, B.; Becker, U.; Kleinpoppen, H.

    1996-09-01

    A substantial difference in the angular distributions of 2{ital p} photoelectrons from polarized oxygen atoms was found for two antiparallel atomic polarizations. This magnetic dichroism was studied as a function of photon energy from 25 to 52eV. Our method extends traditional photoelectron angular distribution measurements of open shell atoms to {open_quote}{open_quote}complete{close_quote}{close_quote} experiments in similar to spin-resolved measurements. The observed dichroism allows a determination of the dipole matrix elements for the {epsilon}{ital s} and {epsilon}{ital d} photoelectrons and their phase difference including the sign. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Wholesale bakeries: A small-business guide. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    1996-09-01

    Commercial baking is thought to be one of the world`s oldest industries, with evidence of commercial bakeries dating back to the Egyptians. In the late 19th century, technological innovations such as the development of {open_quotes}tame{close_quotes} yeast and the mechanization of bread kneading enabled mass production of baked goods. As a result, larger {open_quotes}wholesale{close_quotes} baking facilities began to replace smaller local bakeries. Today, there are over 3000 wholesale bakeries across the United States. This report is intended to provide information on the bakery business from the perspective of processes, issues, and challenges faced, including energy consumption of electrically driven equipment.

  5. Phase instability in ZrO{sub 2}{endash}NiAl functionally graded materials

    SciTech Connect

    He, Y.; Subramanian, V.; Lannutti, J.J.

    1997-10-01

    Sedimentation in organic solvents was followed by hot-pressing to produce 2 mole{percent} yttria stabilized zirconia-NiAl functionally graded materials (FGM{close_quote}s). These FGM{close_quote}s were better able to accommodate high levels of residual stress than alumina-NiAl FGM{close_quote}s; this is possibly due to enhanced tetragonal phase retention. However, we found that the zirconia layer in these FGM{close_quote}s subsequently experiences room temperature transformation of t-ZrO{sub 2} to m-ZrO{sub 2}. {copyright} {ital 1997 Materials Research Society.}

  6. Technical and economic evaluation of selected compact drill rigs for drilling 10,000 foot geothermal production wells

    SciTech Connect

    Huttrer, G.W.

    1997-11-01

    This report summarizes the investigation and evaluation of several {open_quotes}compact{close_quotes} drill rigs which could be used for drilling geothermal production wells. Use of these smaller rigs would save money by reducing mobilization costs, fuel consumption, crew sizes, and environmental impact. Advantages and disadvantages of currently-manufactured rigs are identified, and desirable characteristics for the {open_quotes}ideal{close_quotes} compact rig are defined. The report includes a detailed cost estimate of a specific rig, and an evaluation of the cost/benefit ratio of using this rig. Industry contacts for further information are given.

  7. Dynamical Phases of Driven Vortex Systems

    SciTech Connect

    Moon, K.; Scalettar, R.T.; Zimanyi, G.T.

    1996-09-01

    We study numerically the motion of vortices in dirty type II superconductors. In two dimensions at strong driving currents, vortices form highly correlated {open_quote}{open_quote}static channels.{close_quote}{close_quote} The static structure factor exhibits convincing scaling behavior, demonstrating quasi-long-range translational order in the transverse direction. However, order in the longitudinal direction is only short range. We clearly establish the existence of a finite transverse critical current, suggesting strong barriers against transverse driving forces. We discuss these results in terms of recently proposed theories of the moving vortex systems. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  8. Radionuclide air emission report for the Hanford Site Calendar Year 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Diediker, L.P.; Curn, B.L.; Rhoads, K.; Damberg, E.G.; Soldat, J.K.; Jette, S.J.

    1994-08-01

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions from the Hanford Site in 1993 and the resulting effective dose equivalent to any member of the public. The report has been prepared and will be submitted in accordance with reporting requirements in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, {open_quotes}National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,{close_quotes} Subpart H, {open_quotes}National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities.{close_quotes}

  9. Splitting a default theory

    SciTech Connect

    Turner, H.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents mathematical results that can sometimes be used to simplify the task of reasoning about a default theory, by {open_quotes}splitting it into parts.{close_quotes} These so-called Splitting Theorems for default logic are related in spirit to {open_quotes}partial evaluation{close_quotes} in logic programming, in which results obtained from one part of a program are used to simplify the remainder of the program. In this paper we focus primarily on the statement and proof of the Splitting Theorems for default logic. We illustrate the usefulness of the results by applying them to an example default theory for commonsense reasoning about action.

  10. New FORTRAN computer programs to acquire and process isotopic mass spectrometric data: Operator`s manual

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.H.; McKown, H.S.

    1993-09-01

    This TM is one of a pair that describes ORNL-developed software for acquisition and processing of isotope ratio mass spectral data. This TM is directed at the laboratory analyst. No technical knowledge of the programs and programming is required. It describes how to create and edit files, how to acquire and process data, and how to set up files to obtain the desired results. The aim of this TM is to serve as a utilitarian instruction manual, a {open_quotes}how to{close_quotes} approach rather than a {open_quotes}why?{close_quotes}

  11. 78 FR 55305 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-10

    ...Corporation), significant regulatory burdens, and financial obligations...clearing trades, financial or regulatory burdens, quoting obligations, and...Clearing Corporation, significant regulatory burdens, and financial...

  12. Flute vortices in a plasma with hot particles

    SciTech Connect

    Andrushchenko, Zh.N.; Pavlenko, V.P.; Cheremnykh, O.K.

    1992-01-01

    Flute perturbations in a plasma with {open_quotes}hot{close_quotes} are considered. Steady-state solutions are found which describe localized vortex structures. Two types of vortex solutions are considered: a dipolar vortex and a combination of a dipolar and a monopolar vortex. It is shown that the presence of {open_quotes}hot{close_quotes} particles has an effect on the region in which the vortex solutions exist in velocity space, which can give rise to a change in the particle flux leaving the plasma due to eddy convection. It is shown that the perturbed density profile in flute vortices must be nonmonotonic. 10 refs.

  13. Readiness assessment plan for the Radioactive Mixed Waste Land Disposal Facility (Trench 31)

    SciTech Connect

    Irons, L.G.

    1994-11-22

    This document provides the Readiness Assessment Plan (RAP) for the Project W-025 (Radioactive Mixed Waste Land Disposal Facility) Readiness Assessment (RA). The RAP documents prerequisites to be met by the operating organization prior to the RA. The RAP is to be implemented by the RA Team identified in the RAP. The RA Team is to verify the facility`s compliance with criteria identified in the RAP. The criteria are based upon the {open_quotes}Core Requirements{close_quotes} listed in DOE Order 5480.31, {open_quotes}Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities{close_quotes}.

  14. Case studies on developing local industry by using hot spring water and geothermal energy

    SciTech Connect

    Sasaki, Akira; Umetsu, Yoshio; Narita, Eiichi

    1997-12-31

    We have investigated the new ways to develop local industries by using hot spring water, geothermal water and geothermal energy from the Matsukawa Geothermal Power Plant in Iwate Prefecture, which is the first geothermal power plant established in Japan. The new dyeing technique, called {open_quotes}Geothermal Dyeing{close_quotes} was invented in which hydrogen sulfide in the water exhibited decoloration effect. By this technique we succeeded to make beautiful color patterns on fabrics. We also invented the new way to make the light wight wood, called {open_quotes}Geo-thermal Wood{close_quotes} by using hot spring water or geothermal water. Since polysaccharides in the wood material were hydrolyzed and taken out during the treatment in the hot spring water, the wood that became lighter is weight and more porous state. On the bases of these results, we have produced {open_quotes}Wooded Soap{close_quotes} on a commercial scale which is the soap, synthesized in the pore of the treated wood in round slice. {open_quotes}Collapsible Wood Cabin{close_quotes} was also produced for enjoyable outdoor life by using the modified properties of Geothermal Wood.

  15. Standardized equipment labeling program for electrical utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-07-19

    The purpose of this supporting document is to provide specific guidelines required for Electrical Utilities to implement and maintain a standard equipment and piping labeling program in accordance with WHC-SP-0708, Chapter 18, {open_quotes}Westinghouse Hanford Company Conduct of Operations Manual{close_quotes}. Specific guidelines include definition of program responsibilities.

  16. On-line characterization of peroxidation intermediates of NAD{sup +} by CE-ESI-MS

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, Zhongxi; Udseth, H.R.; Smith, R.D.

    1995-12-31

    Equine liver alcohol dehydrogenase (LADH) is one of the NAD-dependent enzymes with various physiological functions. LADH also exhibits several alternative catalytic activities. Among them, the most unusual one is the LADH-catalyzed degradation of NAD+ in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. A two-step reaction mechanism has been proposed for this enzymatic peroxidation. In the first (fast) step, NAD+ catalyzed by LADH is converted to a (so far) unidentified intermediate: {open_quotes}compound I{close_quotes}. The following slower step is enzyme independent and consists of at least two distinct processes; one of them leads to another unknown substance: {open_quotes}compound Y{close_quotes} which is the product of further reaction of {open_quotes}compound I{close_quotes} with excess H{sub 2}O{sub 2}; another process converts {open_quotes}compound I{close_quotes} to adenosine(5{prime})- diphospho(5)-{Beta}-D-ribose-NHCH=C(CHO)CONH{sub 2} (NADX) if catalase is added to destroy excess H{sub 2}O{sub 2} soon after the end of the faster enzymatic step. One of the advantages of capillary electrophoresis (CE) is its fast operation cycle, which could be utilized to monitor relatively slow reaction processes. Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) has the capability of high resolution separations coupled with highly sensitive and selective detection providing crucial molecular weight and structural information.

  17. 76 FR 72011 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-21

    ...Change Related to the Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism November 14, 2011. Pursuant to Section...adopt Rule 8.12 Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism. The text of the proposed rule change...to specify two parameters that the QRM Mechanism would use to determine [[Page...

  18. 76 FR 72991 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-28

    ...Related to a Temporary Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism Rule November 21, 2011. Pursuant to...Rule 8.12A Pilot Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism. The text of the proposed rule change...to specify two parameters that the QRM Mechanism would use to determine when that...

  19. Clinical and molecular studies in full trisomy 22: Further delineation of the phenotype and review of the literature. Reply to Dr. Robinson and Dr. Kalousek

    SciTech Connect

    Bacino, C.A.; Graham, J.M. Jr.

    1996-03-01

    This {open_quotes}Letter to the Editor{close_quotes} responds to the comments by Dr. Robinson and Dr. Kalousek regarding the implications of meiotic versus somatic chromosomal aberrations. The survival time of the patient may depend on the detection of mosicism; the discussion of the existence of full trisomy 22 remains controversial. 2 refs.

  20. Negative ion production in large volume source with small deposition of cesium

    SciTech Connect

    Jacquot, C.; Pamela, J.; Riz, D.; Belchenko, Y.

    1996-03-01

    Experimental data on the enhancement of D{sup {minus}} (H{sup {minus}}) negative ion production due to cesium injection into a large volume multiampere negative ion source (MANTIS) are described. The directed deposition of small cesium amounts (5{endash}100 mg) from a compact, movable oven, placed into the central part of a MANTIS gas-discharge box was used. A calorimetrically measured D{sup {minus}} beam with an intensity up to 1.6 A and an extracted current density up to 4.2 mA/cm{sup 2} (beam energy 25 kV) was obtained. Exactly 30 mg of cesium provides at least one month of source operation (1000 pulses with a discharge pulse duration of 4 s). The effect of cesium on NI enhancement was immediately displayed after the distributed Cs deposition, but it needed some {open_quote}{open_quote}conditioning{close_quote}{close_quote} of cesium by tens of discharge pulses (or by several hours {open_quote}{open_quote}pause{close_quote}{close_quote}) in the case of a localized Cs deposition. No degradation of extraction-acceleration voltage holding on within the tested range of cesium injection was observed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  1. Axiomatic derivation of Feynman rules and related topics

    SciTech Connect

    Dorfmeister, G.K.

    1992-01-01

    Previous results in axiomatic field theory by Steinmann and Epstein-Glaser establish the existence of the retarded and time ordered Green's functions in every order of perturbation. To connect these Green's functions with the ones calculated in canonical field theories via the Feynman rules, one has to consistently build them not just for every order of perturbation but for each specific graph. ([open quotes]Consisently[close quotes] means here that the Green functions associated with two [open quotes]small[close quotes] graphs build up to the Green's functions of the [open quotes]big[close quotes] graph formed by connecting the two [open quotes]small[close quotes] ones). This paper shows that this can indeed be done; that in this sense the Feynman rules of perturbative Lagrangian field theory can be derived from the abstract, but physically very basic, principles of axiomatic field theory. All results hold only for massive field theories. The LSZ formalism, to the best knowledge of the author, has so far not been modified to admit mass zero fields. To make the representation simpler and more transparent, the author restricts the discussion to a single component, scalar [Phi][sup 4] interaction which is a part of the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Motivated by its role in particle physics, the author complements the perturbative study of [Phi][sup 4]-theory by reviewing the status of non-perturbative solutions to the theory in the final chapter.

  2. 76 FR 20034 - Louisiana All Snax, Inc.; Dismissal of Proceeding

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-11

    ... (quoting David L. Wood, M.D., 72 FR 54936, 54937 (2007) (quoting Ronald J. Riegel, D.V.M., 63 FR 67132... moot. See, e.g., Riegel, 63 FR at 67133. Order Pursuant to the authority vested in me by 21 U.S.C. 823... Enforcement Administration Louisiana All Snax, Inc.; Dismissal of Proceeding On January 21, 2010, the...

  3. 76 FR 60900 - Jack A. Danton, D.O.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ... Laurence T. McKinney, 73 FR 43260, 43266 (2008) (rejecting Government's contention that physician's failure... negligence.' '' 73 FR at 43266 (quoting United States v. McIver, 470 F.3d 550, 559 (4th Cir. 2006)). I agree... semblance of legitimate medical treatment.''' McKinney, 73 FR at 43266 (quoting United States v....

  4. 78 FR 65396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX Inc.; Order Disapproving Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-31

    ...not be fully rewarded for providing an aggressive quote and thus the incentives to improve...makers whose quotes are not the most aggressive, the BX proposal will encourage market...particular price, all orders at more aggressive prices will first have to be...

  5. Introduction to Scientific Computing

    E-print Network

    Haule, Kristjan

    " + "world" `hello world' # repeating a string >>> "hello " * 3 `hello hello hello ' STRING OPERATIONS STRING a larger number of numeric types. # real numbers >>> b = 1.2 + 3.1 >>> b 4.2999999999999998 >>> type quotes >>> s = "hello world" >>> print s hello world # single quotes also work >>> s = `hello world

  6. Radioactive and hazardous constituents screening plan for industrial waste landfill IV

    SciTech Connect

    Lankford, L.L.; Bohrman, D.E.

    1994-05-01

    Industrial Waste Landfill IV (IWLF IV) is permitted (Registration Number IDL 01 1030075) to accept nonhazardous, nonradioactive industrial waste as detailed in the {open_quotes}Design and Operating Procedures for the Y-12 Industrial Waste Landfill IV,{close_quotes} Y/TS-399 and by Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) special waste approval. Both are approved by the TDEC.

  7. 77 FR 69685 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ... contracts are quoted in pennies. Under this pricing structure, the minimum penny tick increment equates to a...), the value per tick is $5.00 in proceeds to the investor transacting in these contracts. Liquidity... in a penny quoted security is a rebate equivalent to 30% of the value of the minimum tick. A...

  8. 77 FR 42345 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-18

    ... (Mar. 9, 2012), 77 FR 15429 (Mar. 15, 2012) (SR-NYSEAmex-2012-16). However, the Exchange inadvertently... Maker seeking to stream quotes in the entire universe of names traded on the Exchange would have to pay... compared to, for example, the ATP fees incurred by a NYSE Amex Market Maker to quote the entire universe...

  9. The analysis of normative requirements to materials of PWR components, basing on LBB concepts

    SciTech Connect

    Anikovsky, V.V.; Karzov, G.P.; Timofeev, B.T.

    1997-04-01

    The paper discusses the advisability of the correction of Norms to solve in terms of material science the Problem: how the normative requirements to materials must be changed in terms of the concept {open_quotes}leak before break{close_quotes} (LBB).

  10. 78 FR 57669 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ...Proposing To Modify the Manner in Which It Calculates Volume, Liquidity and Quoting...Exchange proposes to modify the manner in which it calculates volume, liquidity and quoting...proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change....

  11. 77 FR 69670 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ... the receipt of ``drop copies'' of order or transaction information (``drop copy ports'' and, together... order/quote entry port that is used to enter the order or quote. A ``drop copy'' contains redundant... immediate access to the information). Such drop copies can only be sent via a drop copy port. Drop...

  12. 77 FR 69682 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ... the receipt of ``drop copies'' of order or transaction information (``drop copy ports'' and, together... order/quote entry port that is used to enter the order or quote. A ``drop copy'' contains redundant... immediate access to the information). Such drop copies can only be sent via a drop copy port. Drop...

  13. 78 FR 33882 - Order of Suspension of Trading

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ...arisen as to its operating status, if any. 3CI Complete...Compliance Corp. is quoted on OTC Link operated by OTC Markets Group, Inc...arisen as to its operating status, if any. AHPC Holdings, Inc. is quoted on OTC Link operated by OTC...

  14. Object Interconnections Distributed Callbacks and Decoupled Communication in CORBA (Column 8)

    E-print Network

    Reverbel, Francisco

    .e., poll) the stock quoter object. Since stock trading strategies are often triggered when a stock reaches in this column. Our recent columns have used a distributed stock quoting example to focus on different, we'll discuss distributed callbacks and extend our stock quoting example to show why they're useful

  15. 75 FR 59311 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-27

    ... individual stock trading pause as described in NASDAQ Rule 4120(a)(11), or expands to within that same... stock trading trigger pause, a permissible quote is determined by first looking at the applicable stock.... Like securities subject to stock trading pauses, once a compliant quote is entered, it may rest...

  16. Fast, Accurate, and Brilliant: Realizing the Potential of Crowdsourcing and Human Computation

    E-print Network

    Luther, Kurt

    luther@cc.gatech.edu INTRODUCTION Albert Einstein is attributed the famous inspirational quote way of thinking about my research is to return to the Einstein quote mentioned above. Two of my recent for fast, accurate, and brilliant results hinted at by Einstein. In Pursuit of "Fast" and "Accurate

  17. 78 FR 12092 - John V. Scalera; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... safety. Id. `` hese factors are * * * considered in the disjunctive.'' Robert A. Leslie, 68 FR 15227.... Medicine Shoppe-Jonesborough, 73 FR 364, 387 (2008) (quoting Samuel S. Jackson, 72 FR 23848, 23853 (2007) (quoting Leo R. Miller, 53 FR 21931, 21932 (1988))). ``Moreover, because `past performance is the...

  18. Biomorphic robots as a persistent means for removing explosive mines

    SciTech Connect

    Tilden, M.W.

    1995-04-01

    The current variety and dispersion of explosive mines is a daunting technological problem for current sensory techniques. The bottom line is that the only way to insure a mine has been found and removed is to step on it. As this is an upsetting proposition for biological organisms like animals or children, this paper details a proposed non-biological method that may have validity following additional research into the new science of Biomorphic Machines. A Robobiologist at LANL has invented and developed a variety of {open_quotes}living{close_quotes} robots that are solar powered, legged, autonomous, adaptive to massive damage and terrain, and very inexpensive. This technology, called Nervous Net (Nv) design, allows for the creation of capable walking mechanisms (known as {open_quotes}Biomorphic Robots{close_quotes}) which rather than run on a {open_quotes}work{close_quotes} ethic, use {open_quotes}survivalist{close_quotes} design principles. These principles allow Nv based machines to continue doing work even after multiple limbs have been removed or damaged, and to dynamically negotiate complex terrains as an emergent property of their operation. They are not programmed, and indeed, the 12 transistor controller used keeps their electronic cost well below that of most pocket radios. It is suspected that in finding and removing randomly placed explosive mines, they may be an interesting, capable solution.

  19. The scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program: Profile of the population in need

    SciTech Connect

    Eisenberg, J.F.; Michels, E.; Carroll, D.; Berdux, N.

    1994-03-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a national evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, an energy efficiency program that provides financial assistance to qualifying low-income households for the {open_quotes}weatherization{close_quotes} of their housing units. The evaluation, being conducted for the Department by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is comprised of five studies. One of the five is a two-part analysis of the scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program and other resources devoted to low-income energy efficiency, including the number of dwellings weatherized to date and the population remaining to be served. This study is referred to here as the {open_quotes}Scope{close_quotes} study. This report presents the results of the second part of the {open_quotes}Scope{close_quotes} study, which investigates the characteristics of the population eligible for and in need of the DOE Weatherization Assistance Program - The Profile of the Population in Need. The {open_quotes}Profile{close_quotes} study is an attempt to use the Energy Information Administration`s Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 1990 to define the weatherization-related characteristics of the low-income population. The RECS, a national survey with a sample size of 5,095 households, is the most reliable source for information regarding residential energy-use and housing characteristics because data is collected from fuel vendors on actual household energy bills and consumption for a large and representative sample of households.

  20. Beam matching and halo control

    SciTech Connect

    Lysenko, W.; Parsa, Z.

    1997-05-01

    The authors present an overview of the status of ongoing work on physics models describing beam matching and halo control for particle accelerators, particularly high power ion linacs. They consider moments and various new variables that more naturally describe beam halo evolution. The authors compute matched beams and {open_quotes}mode invariants{close_quotes} (analogs of moment invariants) using primarily symbolic techniques.

  1. 76 FR 48884 - Stacey J. Webb, M.D.; Denial of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ... disjunctive.'' Robert A. Leslie, 68 FR 15227, 15230 (2003). I may rely on any one or a combination of factors... registration. Medicine Shoppe-Jonesborough, 73 FR 364, 387 (2008) (quoting Samuel S. Jackson, 72 FR 23848, 23853 (2007) (quoting Leo R. Miller, 53 FR 21931, 21932 (1988))), aff'd, Medicine Shoppe- Jonesborough...

  2. 12/16/07 12:50 PMID3Mag.com -The Pulse of Podcasting Page 1 of 2http://finance.id3mag.com/id3?ChannelID=3206&GUID=3074055&Page=MediaViewer

    E-print Network

    Glaser, Rainer

    QuoteGet Quote Symbol Lookup Presence Of Essential Molecule In Space Could Support Life On Other Planets, to name a few. Just as important in the existence of life as any other component is the presence), which can indicate the presence of adenine. Finding such pockets would narrow the spectrum of where life

  3. New vision solar system mission study. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Mondt, J.F.; Zubrin, R.M.

    1996-03-01

    The vision for the future of the planetary exploration program includes the capability to deliver {open_quotes}constellations{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}fleets{close_quotes} of microspacecraft to a planetary destination. These fleets will act in a coordinated manner to gather science data from a variety of locations on or around the target body, thus providing detailed, global coverage without requiring development of a single large, complex and costly spacecraft. Such constellations of spacecraft, coupled with advanced information processing and visualization techniques and high-rate communications, could provide the basis for development of a {open_quotes}virtual{close_quotes} {open_quotes}presence{close_quotes} in the solar system. A goal could be the near real-time delivery of planetary images and video to a wide variety of users in the general public and the science community. This will be a major step in making the solar system accessible to the public and will help make solar system exploration a part of the human experience on Earth.

  4. Progress toward a cryogenic {sup 199}Hg{sup +} ion frequency standard

    SciTech Connect

    Poitzsch, M.E.; Bergquist, J.C.; Itano, W.M.; Wineland, D.J.

    1994-12-31

    We have observed linear {open_quotes}crystals{close_quotes} of up to tens of laser-cooled {sup 199}Hg{sup +} ions in a new cryogenic linear rf ion trap that operates at liquid helium temperature and is designed for use as a prototype 40.5 GHz frequency standard with high accuracy and stability.

  5. High performance systems

    SciTech Connect

    Vigil, M.B.

    1995-03-01

    This document provides a written compilation of the presentations and viewgraphs from the 1994 Conference on High Speed Computing given at the High Speed Computing Conference, {open_quotes}High Performance Systems,{close_quotes} held at Gleneden Beach, Oregon, on April 18 through 21, 1994.

  6. Investigation of syngas interaction in alcohol synthesis catalysts. Quarterly technical progress report, April 1, 1996--June 30, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Akundi, M.A.

    1997-12-31

    This report presents the work done on {open_quotes}Investigation of Syngas Interaction in Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts{close_quotes} during the last three months. In this report the results of the work on the metal precursors of copper, cobalt and chromium using Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS) are presented.

  7. 7 CFR 1427.25 - Determination of the prevailing world market price and the adjusted world price for upland cotton.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    .../32-inch) cotton, CFR (cost and freight) Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland cotton... lowest-priced growths of the growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East. (2) During the period... growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland...

  8. 7 CFR 1427.25 - Determination of the prevailing world market price and the adjusted world price for upland cotton.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .../32-inch) cotton, CFR (cost and freight) Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland cotton... lowest-priced growths of the growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East. (2) During the period... growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland...

  9. 7 CFR 1427.25 - Determination of the prevailing world market price and the adjusted world price for upland cotton.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .../32-inch) cotton, CFR (cost and freight) Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland cotton... lowest-priced growths of the growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East. (2) During the period... growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland...

  10. 7 CFR 1427.25 - Determination of the prevailing world market price and the adjusted world price for upland cotton.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .../32-inch) cotton, CFR (cost and freight) Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland cotton... lowest-priced growths of the growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East. (2) During the period... growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland...

  11. Floating atomic central heating-and-power plant converted from a strategic submarine

    SciTech Connect

    Bilashenko, V.P.; Gorigledzhan, E.A.; Slonimsky, V.J.

    1993-12-31

    In accordance with {open_quotes}The Treaty on the Reduction of Strategic Offensive Arms{close_quotes} signed in July 1991, the operations envisages by {open_quotes}The Procedures for elimination of SSBN`s Launchers{close_quotes} should be accomplished at submarines of the second generation both by eliminating missile compartments together with launchers and by removal of launchers only from missile compartments. THe number of such ships could reach 30 units as has been forecasted for the year of 1998 inclusive. With regard to the fact that the remaining operation life of the main power plant equipment of a nuclear submarine decommissioned in accordance with the Treaty is about 50 per cent, potentially there is a possibility to convert them into floating atomic central heating-and-power plants. The latter variant envisaged in the {open_quotes}Procedures...{close_quotes} is preferable for developing a floating plant based on ships decommissioned from the Navy, since it permits to remove launchers without cutting and subsequent connection of main cables, pipelines and systems which provide the control of the main power plant, nuclear safety, radiological safety, damage control and fire safety of the floating plant. A submarine could be delivered for refitting into a floating plant only after accomplishing the works envisaged by the {open_quotes}Procedures...{close_quotes}.

  12. Water re-use systems for zero discharge

    SciTech Connect

    Schiller, M.; Hackman, M.E.

    1993-09-01

    Passing the 1972 Water Pollution Control Act amendments, Congress declared: {open_quotes}{hor_ellipsis}it is the national goal that the discharge of pollutants into the navigable waters be eliminated {hor_ellipsis}CWA {section}101(a){close_quotes}. Industry may want to consider options such as closed-loop systems to manage costs and liabilities associated with effluent discharge.

  13. S. 3168: A Bill to amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to improve control of acid mine drainage, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, August 11, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This Act may be cited as the [open quotes]Acid Mine Drainage Abatement Act of 192[close quotes]. The purpose of this bill is to amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to improve control of acid mine drainage, and for other purposes. The proposed amendments are listed.

  14. Oxidation of o-xylene to phthalic anhydride over V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/TiO{sub 2} catalysts. Part 4. Mathematical modelling study and analysis of the reaction network

    SciTech Connect

    Dias, C.R.; Portela, M.F.; Bond, G.C.

    1996-12-01

    Results previously obtained for the oxidation of o-xylene and o-tolualdehyde over a 1% V{sub 2}O{sub 5}/TiO{sub 2} catalyst have been subjected to mathematical modelling, using comprehensive {open_quotes}rake{close_quotes} networks which incorporate adsorbed intermediates, a variety of routes to CO{sub 2}, and provision for the formation and removal from the surface of a {open_quotes}residue{close_quotes} formed at low conversion by both reactant conversion are presented; these contain series of parameters that are complex functions of the rate constants for the individual steps, their values being obtained by regression analysis. The modelling confirms that phthalic anhydride is formed through a sequential process involving adsorbed forms of o-tolualdehyde and phthalide as intermediates, but it is not formed by direct conversion of o-xylene and o-tolualdehyde. At high conversion, phthalic anhydride selectivity generally passes through a maximum, showing that it can undergo further oxidation to CO{sub 2}. The selectivity for the {open_quotes}residue{close_quotes} (S{sub R}) also passes through a maximum as it is removed from the surface; moreover, the initial slopes of S{sub r} vs conversion curves show that the {open_quotes}residue{close_quotes} is formed early in the reaction network. 30 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  15. Image accuracy and representational enhancement through low-level, multi-sensor integration techniques

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, J.E.

    1994-09-01

    Multi-Sensor Integration (MSI) is the combining of data and information from more than one source in order to generate a more reliable and consistent representation of the environment. The need for MSI derives largely from basic ambiguities inherent in our current sensor imaging technologies. These ambiguities exist as long as the mapping from reality to image is not 1-to-1. That is, if different {open_quotes}realities{close_quotes} lead to identical images, a single image cannot reveal the particular reality which was the truth. MSI techniques attempt to resolve some of these ambiguities by appropriately coupling complementary images to eliminate possible inverse mappings. What constitutes the best MSI technique is dependent on the given application domain, available sensors, and task requirements. MSI techniques can be divided into three categories based on the relative information content of the original images with that of the desired representation: (1) {open_quotes}detail enhancement,{close_quotes} wherein the relative information content of the original images is less rich than the desired representation; (2) {open_quotes}data enhancement,{close_quotes} wherein the MSI techniques are concerned with improving the accuracy of the data rather than either increasing or decreasing the level of detail; and (3) {open_quotes}conceptual enhancement,{close_quotes} wherein the image contains more detail than is desired, making it difficult to easily recognize objects of interest. In conceptual enhancement one must group pixels corresponding to the same conceptual object and thereby reduce the level of extraneous detail.

  16. A quantitative method for measuring the quality of history matches

    SciTech Connect

    Shaw, T.S.; Knapp, R.M.

    1997-08-01

    History matching can be an efficient tool for reservoir characterization. A {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} history matching job can generate reliable reservoir parameters. However, reservoir engineers are often frustrated when they try to select a {open_quotes}better{close_quotes} match from a series of history matching runs. Without a quantitative measurement, it is always difficult to tell the difference between a {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} and a {open_quotes}better{close_quotes} matches. For this reason, we need a quantitative method for testing the quality of matches. This paper presents a method for such a purpose. The method uses three statistical indices to (1) test shape conformity, (2) examine bias errors, and (3) measure magnitude of deviation. The shape conformity test insures that the shape of a simulated curve matches that of a historical curve. Examining bias errors assures that model reservoir parameters have been calibrated to that of a real reservoir. Measuring the magnitude of deviation assures that the difference between the model and the real reservoir parameters is minimized. The method was first tested on a hypothetical model and then applied to published field studies. The results showed that the method can efficiently measure the quality of matches. It also showed that the method can serve as a diagnostic tool for calibrating reservoir parameters during history matching.

  17. 77 FR 74723 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ...part against an electronic order or quote resting...the Consolidated Book prior to executing...the Consolidated Book, then the Floor Broker is charged the electronic execution rate of...Currently, electronic orders and quotes...the Consolidated Book have priority...

  18. Erratum: Letter to the Editor: Exclusion of primary congenital glaucoma (buphthalmos) from two candidate regions of chromosome arm 6p and chromosome 11

    SciTech Connect

    1996-03-01

    This {open_quotes}Letter to the Editor{close_quotes} is the reprint of a corrected table from a previous paper about the exclusion of primary congenital glaucoma from two candidate regions of chromosome arm 6p and chromosome 11.

  19. Investigation of syngas interaction in alcohol synthesis catalysts. Quartery technical progress report, July 1, 1995--September 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Akundi, M.A.

    1996-02-01

    This report presents the work done on {open_quotes}Investigation of Syngas Interaction in Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts{close_quotes} during the last three months. In this report the results of the work done on the effect of CO adsorption on the magnetic character of cobalt in the Cu/Co/Cr catalysts is discussed.

  20. Engineering analyses of large precision cathode strip chambers for GEM

    SciTech Connect

    Horvath, J.A.; Belser, F.C.; Pratuch, S.M.; Wuest, C.R.; Mitselmakher, G.; Gordeev, A.; Johnson, C.V.; Polychronakos, V.A.; Golutvin, I.A.

    1993-10-21

    Structural analyses of large precision cathode strip chambers performed up to the date of this publication are documented. Mechanical property data for typical chamber materials are included. This information, originally intended to be an appendix to the {open_quotes}CSC Structural Design Bible,{close_quotes} is presented as a guide for future designers of large chambers.

  1. Pricing Games among Interconnected Microgrids Gaurav S. Kasbekar and Saswati Sarkar

    E-print Network

    Sarkar, Saswati

    1 Pricing Games among Interconnected Microgrids Gaurav S. Kasbekar and Saswati Sarkar Abstract in an electricity market, in which each microgrid with excess power quotes a price for it and the microgrids with deficit power buy power from the microgrids who quote the lowest prices. This results in price competition

  2. 76 FR 82024 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending Supplementary Material .26 (Pegging for d-Quotes and e-Quotes) to NYSE Rule 70 December 22, 2011....

  3. 76 FR 82009 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change Amending Supplementary Material .26 (Pegging for d-Quotes and e-Quotes) to NYSE Amex Equities Rule 70 December 22, 2011....

  4. Uncertainties in risk assessment at USDOE facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Hamilton, L.D.; Holtzman, S.; Meinhold, A.F.; Morris, S.C.; Rowe, M.D.

    1994-01-01

    The United States Department of Energy (USDOE) has embarked on an ambitious program to remediate environmental contamination at its facilities. Decisions concerning cleanup goals, choices among cleanup technologies, and funding prioritization should be largely risk-based. Risk assessments will be used more extensively by the USDOE in the future. USDOE needs to develop and refine risk assessment methods and fund research to reduce major sources of uncertainty in risk assessments at USDOE facilities. The terms{open_quote} risk assessment{close_quote} and{open_quote} risk management{close_quote} are frequently confused. The National Research Council (1983) and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA, 1991a) described risk assessment as a scientific process that contributes to risk management. Risk assessment is the process of collecting, analyzing and integrating data and information to identify hazards, assess exposures and dose responses, and characterize risks. Risk characterization must include a clear presentation of {open_quotes}... the most significant data and uncertainties...{close_quotes} in an assessment. Significant data and uncertainties are {open_quotes}...those that define and explain the main risk conclusions{close_quotes}. Risk management integrates risk assessment information with other considerations, such as risk perceptions, socioeconomic and political factors, and statutes, to make and justify decisions. Risk assessments, as scientific processes, should be made independently of the other aspects of risk management (USEPA, 1991a), but current methods for assessing health risks are based on conservative regulatory principles, causing unnecessary public concern and misallocation of funds for remediation.

  5. What`s in a name? Chromosome 22q abnormalities and the DiGeorge, velocardiofacial and conotruncal anomalies face syndromes

    SciTech Connect

    Wulfsberg, E.A.; Leana-Cox, J.; Neri, G.

    1996-11-11

    The recent advances in our understanding of the phenotype associated with deletion of the DiGeorge Chromosome Region (DGCR) at 22q11.2 are in many ways analogous to the fable about the blind men and the elephant. Originally described as three distinct phenotypes (DiGeorge (DG) syndrome, velocardiofacial (VCF) syndrome, and the conotruncal anomalies face (CTAF) syndrome), it is now clear that there is only a single broad and variable phenotype associated with deletion of the DGCR. As in the fable, distinguished clinicians approached this phenotypic {open_quotes}elephant{close_quotes} from different perspectives and provided three separate, although overlapping descriptions. Our analogy to this fable is not to imply some {open_quotes}blindness{close_quotes} on the part of these clinicians, but rather to point out the well-known difficulty in delineating the indistinct phenotypic boundaries of a syndrome until a genetic or biochemical marker for the condition is available. The recent availability of a fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) probe to detect deletion of the DGCR now allows delineation of the broad phenotype of our {open_quotes}elephant{close_quotes} which spans from lethal DG phenotypes through the intermediate VCF and CTAF phenotypes to the newly recognized {open_quotes}mild{close_quotes} phenotype consisting of only developmental delays and subtle facial abnormalities. 33 refs.

  6. Stranded on the road to electricity competition

    SciTech Connect

    Maloney, M.T.; McCormick, R.E.; Sauer, R.D.

    1997-12-31

    If competition is given free rein, the law of supply and demand will drive down the cost of producing power. In the best-case scenario, consumers may see as much as a 40-percent reduction in the price of electricity in the long run, say Michael T. Maloney, Robert E. McCormick, and Raymond D. Sauer, professors of economics at Clemson University in Clemson, South Carolina. A regulatory monopoly is doomed to failure, the authors say, because under that system {open_quotes}the more a firm spends, the more money it is allowed to make for its shareholders.{close_quotes} In addition, the authors discount the notion that government should bail out utilities for their capital investments-or stranded costs-during a transition period. {open_quotes}Efficient firms that invest prudently are rewarded with lower costs of capital in competitive markets, and this will remain so for competitive producers of electricity,{close_quotes} the authors say. {open_quotes}Any utility that is allowed to recover some or all of its stranded costs by regulatory fiat in the transition to competition will receive an economic windfall that will not cause it to change its behavior.{close_quotes} In fact, stranded costs are primarily the result of the experiment with nuclear energy. {open_quotes}Consumers are still paying for the cost overruns,{close_quotes} the authors say.

  7. Stability of natural gas in the deep subsurface

    SciTech Connect

    Barker, C.

    1996-07-01

    Natural gas is becoming increasingly important as a fuel because of its widespread occurrence and because it has a less significant environmental impact than oil. Many of the known gas accumulations were discovered by accident during exploration for oil, but with increasing demand for gas, successful exploration will require a clearer understanding of the factors that control gas distribution and gas composition. Natural gas is generated by three main processes. In oxygen-deficient, sulfate-free, shallow (few thousand feet) environments bacteria generate biogenic gas that is essentially pure methane with no higher hydrocarbons ({open_quotes}dry gas{close_quotes}). Gas is also formed from organic matter ({open_quotes}kerogen{close_quotes}), either as the initial product from the thermal breakdown of Type III, woody kerogens, or as the final hydrocarbon product from all kerogen types. In addition, gas can be formed by the thermal cracking of crude oil in the deep subsurface. The generation of gas from kerogen requires higher temperatures than the generation of oil. Also, the cracking of oil to gas requires high temperatures, so that there is a general trend from oil to gas with increasing depth. This produces a well-defined {open_quotes}floor for oil{close_quotes}, below which crude oil is not thermally stable. The possibility of a {open_quotes}floor for gas{close_quotes} is less well documented and understanding the limits on natural gas occurrence was one of the main objectives of this research.

  8. 76 FR 49816 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ... Release No. 59995 (May 28, 2009), 74 FR 26750 (June 3, 2009) (SR-Phlx-2009-32)(order approving Phlx XL II... Regarding Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit... the Exchange by allowing SQTs and RSQTs to enter day limit orders exactly as non-SQT ROTs...

  9. 76 FR 60566 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...). \\2\\ 17 CFR 240.19b-4. \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65050 (August 5, 2011), 76 FR 49816...), 74 FR 26750 (June 3, 2009) (SR-Phlx-2009-32) (order approving Phlx XL II). Phlx XL II is the Exchange... Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit...

  10. Academic Success Centre Room 10-2584

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    , book, paragraph, line). eg. In The Faerie Queene, Britomart learns in Merlin's cave that her affliction] around the changed area(s). eg. Original quote: "The term virtual reality (VR) was already in use quote: The technology of virtual reality "augment*s+ the real or physical world with electronically

  11. Implementation of ISO guide 25 in a medical dosimetry secondary standards calibration laboratory

    SciTech Connect

    DeWerd, L.A.

    1995-12-31

    Currently, there is a great deal of discussion among industry and government agencies about ISO 9000 accreditation. U.S. manufacturers with ISO 9000 accreditation are regarded more favorably by European countries. The principles behind the ISO 9000 accreditation are based on the Total Quality Management (TQM) principles that are being implemented in many U.S. industries. This paper will deal only with the calibration issue. There is a difference in the areas covered by ISO 9000 and ISO Guide 25 documents. ISO 9000, in particular ISO 9001 - ISO 9003, cover the {open_quotes}calibration{close_quotes} of inspection, measuring and test equipment. This equipment is basically used for {open_quotes}factory calibrations{close_quotes} to determine that equipment is performing within manufacturer specifications. ISO Guide 25 is specifically for {open_quotes}calibration and testing laboratories,{close_quotes} generally laboratories that have painstaking procedures to reduce uncertainties and establish high accuracy of the transfer of calibration. The experience of the University of Wisconsin Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory in conforming to ISO Guide 25 will be outlined. The entire laboratory staff must become familiar with the process and an individual with direct authority must become the one to maintain the quality of equipment and calibrations in the role of {open_quotes}quality-assurance manager.{close_quotes}

  12. High-accuracy INAA on real samples

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, D.A.

    1994-12-31

    The interest in quality assurance (QA), total quality management (TQM), and laboratory accreditation is currently an active topic for discussion. Many people are talking about and writing papers and articles about how all these {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} concepts are going to really make a difference and make all of their data much better. The question is, do we expect to see a real difference in the {open_quotes}quality{close_quotes} of the data coming out of these laboratories? My concern is that many of these {open_quotes}quality systems{close_quotes} appear to be focused primarily on developing rigid methods and procedures that detail step-by-step instructions to cover {open_quotes}all{close_quotes} possibilities, thus eliminating operator error. This also largely eliminates operator judgment and, often, operator motivation. I believe that the most important part of the analytical system is the person doing the work. Further, in my experience, the quality of the analytical results can be judged very well if the person who is doing the analysis is known. This is true especially for activation analysis.

  13. 78 FR 57669 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-19

    ... Proposed Rule Change Proposing To Modify the Manner in Which It Calculates Volume, Liquidity and Quoting... proposes to modify the manner in which it calculates volume, liquidity and quoting thresholds applicable to... statements concerning the purpose of, and basis for, the proposed rule change and discussed any comments...

  14. 75 FR 2180 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ... Supplemental Liquidity Provider (``SLP'') program.\\4\\ The Exchange proposes to establish a system of credits... more, if the SLP meets the 3% average or more quoting requirement in an assigned security pursuant to Rule 107B. However, if the SLP does not meet the 3% average or more quoting requirement in an...

  15. 75 FR 63232 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 62791 (August 30, 2010), 75 FR 54411 (September 7, 2010) (File No. SR-NYSE-2010-60... Providers (``SLPs''), the Exchange is modifying language referencing the SLP quoting requirement to reflect... SLPs, the Exchange is modifying language referencing the SLP quoting requirement to reflect a...

  16. 75 FR 64368 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-19

    ... rebate.\\3\\ \\3\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62792 (August 30, 2010), 75 FR 54407 (September 7... Liquidity Providers (``SLPs''), the Exchange is modifying language referencing the SLP quoting requirement... modifying language referencing the SLP quoting requirement to reflect a recent rule filing that changed...

  17. Informational temperature concept and the nature of self-organization

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, Shu-Kun

    1996-12-31

    Self-organization phenomena are spontaneous processes. Their behavior should be governed by the second law of thermodynamics. The dissipative structure theory of the Prigogine school of thermodynamics claims that {open_quotes}order out of chaos{close_quotes} through {open_quotes}self-organization{close_quotes} and challenges the validity of the second law of thermodynamics. Unfortunately this theory is questionable. Therefore we have to reconsider the related fundamental theoretical problems. Informational entropy (S) and information (I) are related by S = S{sub max} - I, where S{sub max} is the maximum informational entropy. This conforms with the broadly accepted definition that entropy is the information loss. As informational entropy concept has been proved to be useful, it will be convenient to define an informational temperature, T{sub I}. This can be related to energy E and the informational entropy S. Information registration is a process of {Delta}I > 0, or {Delta}S < 0, and involves the energetically excited states ({Delta}E > 0). Therefore, T{sub I} is negative, and has the opposite sign of the conventional thermodynamic temperature, T. This concept is useful for clarifying the concepts of {open_quotes}order{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}disorder{close_quotes} of static structures and characterizing many typical information loss processes of self-organization.

  18. Improved recovery from Gulf of Mexico reservoirs. Volume I (of 4): Task 1, conduct research on mud-rich submarine fans. Final report, February 14, 1995--October 13, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    Kimbrell, W.C.; Bassiouni, Z.A.; Bourgoyne, A.T.

    1997-01-13

    The objective for this portion of the research involved conducting field studies and laboratory investigations to develop and refine models for mud-rich submarine fan architectures used by seismic analysis and reservoir engineers. These research aspects have been presented in two papers as follows: (1) Bouma, A.H., {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes}; (2) Kirkova, J.T. and Lorenzo, J.M., {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fans Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} The {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes} by Arnold Bouma discusses research targeted toward stimulating an increase in oil and gas recovery by developing new and improved geological understanding. The {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fan Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} by J.T. Kirkova and J.M. Lorenso discusses the limitations of verticle resolution and how this affects the interpretation and characterization of submarine fan complexes.

  19. 77 FR 29399 - Order of Suspension of Trading; In the Matter of 1-800-ATTORNEY, Inc., et al.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-17

    ...its operating status, if any. Computer Learning Centers, Inc. is quoted on OTC Link operated...information concerning the securities of VR Business Brokers, Inc. because questions...arisen as to its operating status, if any. VR Business Brokers, Inc. is quoted on...

  20. Operational mode analysis of the maps NTP system

    SciTech Connect

    Linet, F.L.; Bernard, S.; Carruge, D.; Poitevin, Y.; Raepsaet, X.

    1996-03-01

    Within the framework of the french NTP program MAPS, the analysis of the (start-up/shut-down) transient sequences whose negative impact on the specific impulsion Isp is important, requires the evaluation of the hydrogen system performance and consequently the development of a simulation computer program. This work induces a preliminary evaluation of the hydrogen system performance under nominal operating conditions. A first approach of the transient operating mode has been simultaneously performed; more specifically the evolution of the core during a shut-down sequence has been studied in order to improve the residual power evacuation and optimize necessary hydrogen amounts for cooling. Furthermore the {open_quote}{open_quote}SIMAPS{close_quote}{close_quote} computer program based on the 3D thermohydraulic code {open_quote}{open_quote}FLICA 4{close_quote}{close_quote} is being developed to analyze transient process and its benchmarking under nominal conditions is under way. Its summary presentation is given in conclusion. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  1. Analysis, design, and implementation of PHENIX on-line computing systems software using Shlaer-Mellor object-oriented analysis and recursive design

    SciTech Connect

    Kozlowski, T.; Desmond, E.; Haggerty, J.

    1997-02-16

    An early prototype of the core software for on-line computing systems for the PHENIX detector at RHIC has been developed using the Shlaer-Mellor OOA/RD method, including the automatic generation of C++ source code using a commercial translation engine and {open_quotes}architecture{close_quotes}.

  2. Derivative expansions of renormaliztion group effective potentials for {phi}{sup 4} field theories

    SciTech Connect

    Shepard, J.R.; McNeil, J.A.

    1995-10-01

    We approximate an exact Renormalization Group (RG) equation for the flow of the effective action of {phi}{sup 4} field theories by including next-to-leading order (NLO) terms in a derivative expansion. This level of approximation allows us to treat effects of wavefunction renormalization which are beyond the scope of the leading order (LO) formulation. We compare calculations based on a {open_quote}latticized {close_quotes} version of our RG equation in 3 Euclidean dimensions directly with Monte Carlo (MC) results and find excellent overall agreement as well as substantial improvement over LO calculations. We solve the continuum form of our equation to find the Wilson fixed point and determine the critical exponent {eta} (0.046). We also find the critical exponents {nu} (0.666) and {omega} (0.735). These latter two are in much improved agreement with {open_quote}world`s best{close_quotes} values com- pared to those obtained at LO (where no prediction for {eta} is possible). We also find that the {open_quote}universal potential{close_quote} determined via MC methods by Tsypin can be understood quantitatively using our NLO RG equations. Careful analysis shows that ambiguities which plague {open_quote}smooth cutoff{close_quotes} formulations do not arise with our RG equations.

  3. Estes romanos s~ao loucos! De quem e que sera esta frase?

    E-print Network

    Almeida, Pedro Quaresma de

    {quote} Estes romanos s{\\~a}o loucos! De quem {\\'e} que ser{\\'a} esta frase? \\end{quote} O meio ambiente aplica¸c~oes imag- inativas dos meios ambientes despon´iveis. O que se reproduziu acima foi produzido `a custa de: \\begin{quotation} O meio ambiente {\\tt quotation} pode ser usado para outras coisas que n

  4. Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus

    DOEpatents

    Jenkins, C.F.; Howard, B.D.

    1994-01-01

    Pipe crawlers, pipe inspection {open_quotes}rabbits{close_quotes} and similar vehicles are widely used for inspecting the interior surfaces of piping systems, storage tanks and process vessels for damaged or flawed structural features. This paper describes the design of a flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus.

  5. 78 FR 4914 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend Performance Evaluations With Respect to Quote Submissions of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote...

  6. 77 FR 22365 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-13

    ... test''). \\6\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65644 (October 27, 2011), 76 FR 67786 (November 2..., 2011), 76 FR 67786 (November 2, 2011) (approving SR- Phlx-2011-123). Finally, a reference to non-SQT...'').\\3\\ ROTs can be either Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') \\4\\, Remote Streaming Quote...

  7. 77 FR 23531 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-19

    ... Exchange Act Release No. 58828 (October 21, 2008), 73 FR 63749 (October 27, 2008) (SR-CBOE-2008-107). \\4\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 60854 (October 21, 2009) 74 FR 55613 (October 28, 2009) (SR... apply to Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs''), \\5\\ Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs'') \\6\\...

  8. 76 FR 67786 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-02

    ... 240.19b-4. \\3\\ Securities Exchange Act Release No. 65257 (September 2, 2011), 76 FR 55996. II... ROTs. ROTs can be either Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs''), Remote SQTs (``RSQTs'') or non-SQT ROTs...; while SQTs quote electronically by ``streaming'' quotations into the Exchange, non-SQT ROTs may...

  9. 78 FR 24280 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ... (January 18, 2013), 78 FR 5518. \\2\\ In Partial Amendment No. 1, the Exchange provided clarification for the... Modified by Amendment No. 1, To Amend Exchange Rules 507 and 1014 To Establish Remote Streaming Quote... Exchange Rules 507 and 1014 to establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations. The proposed...

  10. 75 FR 63526 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ...). \\12\\ See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62805 (August 31, 2010), 75 FR 54682 (September 8, 2010... Options Traders (Rule 1014(b)(i) and (ii), which includes Streaming Quote Traders or SQTs (see Rule 1014(b)(ii)(A)) and Remote Streaming Quote Traders or RSQTs (see Rule 1014(b)(ii)(B)). The Exchange...

  11. 78 FR 5518 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ..., 2009), 74 FR 26750 (June 3, 2009) (SR-Phlx-2009-32) (approval order regarding current electronic... Amend Exchange Rules 507 and 1014 To Establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations January 18... organizations may qualify to be Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations with which as many as three...

  12. 75 FR 63878 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    .... 62632 (August 3, 2010), 75 FR 47869 (August 3, 2010) (SR-BX-2010-049). \\18\\ See the ISE schedule of fee... categories: Customers, Directed Participants,\\6\\ Specialists,\\7\\ Streaming Quote Traders (``SQT''),\\8\\ Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQT''),\\9\\ Firms and Broker-Dealers. All options traded on the Exchange...

  13. 77 FR 71026 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-28

    ...Floor broker that executes against the Book, both in a security priced $1 or above...d-Quote that removes liquidity from the Book is charged $0.0005 per share if the...A d-Quote that adds liquidity to the Book in a security priced $1 or above...

  14. 78 FR 62694 - Hoi Y. Kam, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... case appeared to be one of first impression. Id. at 50356. Based on these circumstances, the Deputy... disjunctive.'' Robert A. Leslie, 68 FR 15227, 15230 (2003). I may rely on any one or a combination of factors..., 73 FR 364, 387 (2008) (quoting Samuel S. Jackson, 72 FR 23848, 23853 (2007) (quoting Leo R....

  15. Shooting down the ABM Treaty

    SciTech Connect

    Mendelsohn, J.; Rhinelander, J.B.

    1994-09-01

    The Clinton administration is on a path to undermine the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty by proposing {open_quotes}clarifications{close_quotes} to the treaty that would permit the deployment of an extensive, highly capable anti-theater ballistic missile (ATBM) defense system.

  16. 7 CFR 1427.25 - Determination of the prevailing world market price and the adjusted world price for upland cotton.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .../32-inch) cotton, CFR (cost and freight) Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland cotton... growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East, the prevailing world market price for upland cotton... lowest-priced growths of the growths quoted for M 13/32-inch cotton, CFR Far East. (2) During the...

  17. The male transmission bias of the insulin (INS) gene in insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD) can not be explained by maternal imprinting

    SciTech Connect

    Bui, M.M.; She, J.X.

    1994-09-01

    A locus contributing to IDD susceptibility has previously been mapped to a region on human chromosome 11p near the INS gene. To fine map the position of this susceptibility locus, polymorphisms in and flanking INS were analyzed in normal and IDD populations by PCR and restriction enzyme digestion. Regions flanking INS were not associated with IDD (p=NS). In contrast, homozygosity for the {open_quotes}+{close_quotes} INS allele was significantly increased in the IDD population (n=197) compared to 159 controls (RR=2.0, p<0.005), indicating an INS association with IDD. Transmission of the IDD-associated INS {open_quotes}+{close_quotes} alleles from parents to children in unaffected families was random (p=NS). However, in 107 multiplex and 15 simplex IDD families, transmission of the INS {open_quotes}+{close_quotes} allele from heterozygous parents to diabetic children revealed linkage of the INS gene to IDD (p<0.003). This linkage was limited to male meioses (p=0.01), suggest the potential for maternal imprinting of INS. The expression of the {open_quotes}+{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}-{close_quotes} INS allele was analyzed by RT-PCR in two normal heterozygous human fetal pancreases. Both transcripts were detected, indicating a lack of INS maternal imprinting in the human pancreas. Our results suggest that the IDD susceptibility locus on 11p is the INS gene, and that male transmission bias of the INS gene in IDD can not be explained by maternal imprinting.

  18. Synthesis and characterization of amphoteric resins and its use for treatment of radioactive liquid waste

    SciTech Connect

    Siyam, T.; El-Naggar, I.M.; Aly, H.F.

    1996-12-31

    Amphoteric resins such as poly (acrylamide-acrylic acid-diallylamine-hydrochloride) {open_quotes}P(AH-AA-DAA){sup +}Cl{close_quotes} and poly (acrylamide-acrylic acid-dially-ethylamine-hydrochloride) {open_quotes}P(AM-AA-DAEA){sup +} Cl{close_quotes} were prepared by gamma radiation-induced polymerization of acrylic acid {open_quotes}AA{close_quotes} in the presence of poly(amidoamines) such as poly(acryl-amide-diallyamine-hydrochloride) {open_quotes}P(AM- DAAH){sup +}Cl{close_quotes} and poly(acrylamide-dially-ethylamine-hydrochloride){close_quotes}P(AM-DAEAH){sup +} Cl{sup -}{close_quotes} it as template polymers using a template polymerization technique. Spectroscopic studies showed that resins contain both amide- and carboxylic groups, and the peak of {r_angle}NH of amine salts at (3000-2700 cm{sup {minus}1}) and (2700-2500 cm{sup {minus}1}) is disappeared. This indicates that the addition of acrylic acid monomer on ammonium groups. These ammonium groups in template polymers are converted into acrylic acid chain ends in the obtained resins accordingly, the probability of the polymer degradation of decreases may be attributed to the high radiation stability of these chain ends of acrylic acid units. The capacities of the obtained resins increase by increasing the absorbed doses of about {approximately}20 kGy, but at high doses the capacities decrease. On increasing the amines ratio in template polymers the capacities of resins for cation decreased but increased for anions. The capacities of the product materials to some heavy metal ions decrease with increasing the hydrogen ion concentrations and the selectivity is decreased in the order Cu{sup 2+} > Co{sup 2+} > Cs{sup +}.

  19. Scientific statistics and graphics on the Macintosh

    SciTech Connect

    Grotch, S.L.

    1994-09-01

    In many organizations scientists have ready access to more than one computer, often both a workstation (e.g., SUN, HIP, SGI) as well as a Macintosh or other PC. The scientist commonly uses the work station for {open_quotes}number-crunching{close_quotes} and data analysis whereas the Macintosh is relegated to either word processing or serves as a {open_quotes}dumb terminal{close_quotes} to a larger mainframe computer. In an informal poll of the author`s colleagues, very few of them used their Macintoshes for either statistical analysis or for graphical data display. The author believes that this state of affairs is particularly unfortunate because over the last few years both the computational capability, and even more so, the software availability for the Macintosh have become quite formidable. In some instances, very powerful tools are now available on the Macintosh that may not exist (or be far too costly) on the so-called {open_quotes}high end{close_quotes} workstations. Many scientists are simply unaware of the wealth of extremely useful, {open_quotes}off-the-shelf{close_quote} software that already exists on the Macintosh for scientific graphical and statistical analysis. This paper is a very personal view illustrating several such software packages that have proved valuable in the author`s own work in the analysis and display of climatic datasets. It is not meant to be either an all-inclusive enumeration, nor is it to be taken as an endorsement of these products as the {open_quotes}best{close_quotes} of their class. Rather, it has been found, through extensive use that these few packages were generally capable of satisfying his particular needs for both statistical analysis and graphical data display. In the limited space available, the focus will be on some of the more novel features found to be of value.

  20. Arms control and the rule of law: National measures for enforcement and verification

    SciTech Connect

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1997-04-19

    Much has been written about the deterrence strategies that justified the arms race. Walter Slocombe explained that {open_quotes}[t]he dominant problem of U.S. nuclear strategy is credibly using U.S. nuclear power to deter and if necessary resist nonnuclear as well as nuclear threats to America`s allies, forces, and interests overseas.{close_quotes} As a result, the {open_quotes}flexible response{close_quotes} doctrine was developed to declare {open_quotes}that the United States, in consultation with its allies, is prepared to use nuclear weapons should other means of protection from Soviet attack threaten to fail.{close_quotes} In contrast, Freeman Dyson pointed out the Soviet Union was committed to the concept of {open_quotes}counterforce,{close_quotes} which meant that {open_quotes}if the Soviet Union sees a nuclear attack coming or has reason to believe that an attack is about to be launched, the Soviet Union will strike first at the attacker`s weapons with all available forces, and will then do whatever is necessary in order to survive.{close_quotes} Out of these military postures a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the `rule of law.`

  1. A perspective on safeguarding and monitoring of excess military plutonium

    SciTech Connect

    Sutcliffe, W.G.

    1994-10-02

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a perspective and framework for the development of safeguarding and monitoring procedures for the various stages of disposition of excess military plutonium. The paper briefly outlines and comments on some of the issues involved in safeguarding and monitoring excess military plutonium as it progresses from weapons through dismantlement, to fabrication as reactor fuel, to use in a reactor, and finally to storage and disposal as spent fuel. {open_quotes}Military{close_quotes} refers to ownership, and includes both reactor-grade and weapon-grade plutonium. {open_quotes}Excess{close_quotes} refers to plutonium (in any form) that a government decides is no longer needed for military use and can be irrevocably removed from military stockpiles. Many of the issues and proposals presented in this paper are based on, or are similar to, those mentioned in the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on excess military plutonium. Safeguards for plutonium disposition are discussed elsewhere in terms of requirements established by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Here, the discussion is less specific. The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} is used broadly to refer to materials control and accountancy (MC&A), containment and surveillance (C&S), and physical protection of nuclear materials by the state that possesses those materials. This is also referred to as material protection, control, and accountancy (MPCA). The term {open_quotes}safeguarding{close_quotes} was chosen for brevity and to distinguish MPCA considered in this paper from international or IAEA safeguards. {open_quotes}Monitoring{close_quotes} is used to refer to activities designed to assure another party (state or international organization) that the nuclear materials of the host state (the United States or Russia) are secure and not subject to unauthorized use.

  2. Lithogenic and cosmogenic tracers in catchment hydrology

    SciTech Connect

    Nimz, G.J.

    1995-01-01

    A variety of physical processes affect solute concentrations within catchment waters. The isotopic compositions of the solutes can indicate which processes have determined the observed concentrations. These processes together constitute the physical history of the water, which is one of the primary concerns in hydrology. Many groundwater solutes are derived as a result of interaction between the water and the rock and/or soil within the system. These are termed {open_quotes}lithogenic{close_quotes} solutes. The isotopic compositions of these solutes provide information regarding rock-water interactions. Many other solutes have their isotopic compositions determined both internally and externally to the catchment system. Important members of this group include solutes that have isotopic compositions produced by atomic particle interactions with other nuclides. The source of the atomic particles can be cosmic radiation (producing {open_quotes}cosmogenic{close_quotes} nuclides in the atmosphere and land surface), anthropogenic nuclear reactions (producing {open_quotes}thermonuclear{close_quotes} nuclides), or radioactive and fission decay of naturally-occurring elements, such as U and Th (producing {open_quotes}in-situ{close_quotes} lithogenic nuclides in the deep subsurface). Current language usage often combines all of the atomic particle-produced nuclides under the heading {open_quotes}cosmogenic nuclides{close_quotes}, and for simplicity we will often follow that usage, although always clearly indicating which variety is being discussed. This paper addresses the processes that affect the lithogenic and cosmogenic solute compositions in groundwater, and how these compositions can therefore be used in integrative ways to understand the physical history of groundwater within a catchment system.

  3. Documents and related materials associated with the contents and the origin of the Los Alamos technical series and the national nuclear energy series

    SciTech Connect

    Hammel, E.F.

    1996-04-01

    The rationale for preparing this document arose from the fact that the author (who worked in D-Building during WWII) was asked to contribute a short article on {open_quotes}Plutonium Metallurgy at Los Alamos During the War{close_quotes} for inclusion in the 50th anniversary book, {open_quotes}Behind Tall Fences,{close_quotes} published in 1993 by the J.R. Oppenheimer Memorial Committee. I agreed, believing that all of the source material needed was readily available in the Los Alamos Technical Series, a detailed account of all of the R&D carried out at Los Alamos from 1943 to 1945. The obvious place to start was the LANL Report Library. As will be seen by the perusing the following memoranda and reports (which were assembled one at a time by following up successive leads), it finally turned out that, of all six chapters of Vol. 10, {open_quotes}Metallurgy,{close_quotes} of which Cyril S. Smith was the general editor, the only one {open_quotes}not yet issued{close_quotes} was Chapter I on {open_quotes}Plutonium Metallurgy,{close_quotes} which had been assigned to Eric R. Jette, the wartime Group Leader of the Plutonium Metallurgy Group. Jette left Los Alamos at the end of August 1956 to join the Union Carbide Research Institute in Tarrytown, New York, where he was director until June 1962 when he retired to his valley home in Pojoaque. In February 1963, he was awarded the US Atomic Energy Commission citation for meritorious contributions to the Nuclear Energy Program; shortly thereafter he died. Before accepting the fact that Chapter I did not exist, the present author undertook to find out as much as possible about the Los Alamos Technical Series, including the circumstances relating to its preparation. The related memos, etc., once retrieved, seemed worth preserving in a single report-hence this document.

  4. Improved characterization of reservoir behavior by integration of reservoir performances data and rock type distributions

    SciTech Connect

    Davies, D.K.; Vessell, R.K.; Doublet, L.E.

    1997-08-01

    An integrated geological/petrophysical and reservoir engineering study was performed for a large, mature waterflood project (>250 wells, {approximately}80% water cut) at the North Robertson (Clear Fork) Unit, Gaines County, Texas. The primary goal of the study was to develop an integrated reservoir description for {open_quotes}targeted{close_quotes} (economic) 10-acre (4-hectare) infill drilling and future recovery operations in a low permeability, carbonate (dolomite) reservoir. Integration of the results from geological/petrophysical studies and reservoir performance analyses provide a rapid and effective method for developing a comprehensive reservoir description. This reservoir description can be used for reservoir flow simulation, performance prediction, infill targeting, waterflood management, and for optimizing well developments (patterns, completions, and stimulations). The following analyses were performed as part of this study: (1) Geological/petrophysical analyses: (core and well log data) - {open_quotes}Rock typing{close_quotes} based on qualitative and quantitative visualization of pore-scale features. Reservoir layering based on {open_quotes}rock typing {close_quotes} and hydraulic flow units. Development of a {open_quotes}core-log{close_quotes} model to estimate permeability using porosity and other properties derived from well logs. The core-log model is based on {open_quotes}rock types.{close_quotes} (2) Engineering analyses: (production and injection history, well tests) Material balance decline type curve analyses to estimate total reservoir volume, formation flow characteristics (flow capacity, skin factor, and fracture half-length), and indications of well/boundary interference. Estimated ultimate recovery analyses to yield movable oil (or injectable water) volumes, as well as indications of well and boundary interference.

  5. Collective dose: Dogma, tool, or trauma?

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, K.

    1996-12-31

    In Europe as well as in the United States, the argument continues in the radiation protection community between the {open_quotes}fundamentalists,{close_quotes} who firmly believe in the linear no-threshold (LNT) hypothesis and the closely related concept of collective dose, and {open_quotes}pragmatists,{close_quotes} who have serious doubts about these concepts for both radiobiological and socioeconomic reasons. The latter view is reflected in many recent compilations in the scientific literature, in particular in the books by G. Walinder and S. Kondo. The fundamentalist view has been expressed in other recent publications. What has been described as the good old boys` network of the establishment threatens nonbelievers with excommunication: in his 1996 Sievert lecture, D. Beninson described doubts about the LNT hypothesis as {open_quotes}arrogant ignorance{close_quotes}; A. Gonzales, in a 1995 letter to the author, described them as {open_quotes}intellectual laziness{close_quotes}; and R. Clarke, chairman of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), during the 1996 IRPA Congress, described them as {open_quotes}seriously misguided.{close_quotes} Threshold or no threshold, that is the question - the most important one for this and the next generation of health physicists. Corrections of the current dogmas are needed soon and should be initiated not only by the nuclear community (which may be blamed by opinion makers for a biased view) but by those members of the radiation protection community, who are not only interested in order to `keep the hazard alive` for reasons of publicity, research funding, and sales of instruments and services. The International Atomic Energy Agency will devote a symposium to these questions next year. The results should be interesting.

  6. Art form as an object of cognitive modeling (towards development of Vygotsky`s semiotic model)

    SciTech Connect

    Dmitriev, V.; Perlovsky, L.I.

    1996-12-31

    We suggest a further development of Vygotsky`s esthetic-semiotic model. First, we discuss Vygotsky`s model originally developed for the analysis of Ivan Bunin`s story {open_quotes}Light Breath{close_quotes}. Vygotsky analyzes formal methods used by Bunin to achieve a specific esthetic effect of {open_quote}lightness{close_quotes} while describing {open_quotes}dirty{close_quotes} events of everyday life. According to Vygotsky, this effect is achieved by ordering of events in a non-linear fashion. Vygotsky creams an airy pattern of smooth lines connecting events of story that he first orders linearly in time. And, he insists that this airy pattern creates an impression of airy lightness. In the language of semiotics, the esthetic effect is created by a specific structural organization of signs. Second, we present our critique of Vygotsky`s model. Although, we do not agree with Vygotsky`s sometimes moralistic judgements, and we consider the dynamics between inner personal values and received moral values to be more complicated than implied in his judgements, our critique in this paper is limited to the structure of his semiotic model. We emphasize that Vygotsky`s model does not explicitly account for a hierarchy of multiple levels of semiotic analysis. His analysis regularly slips from one level to another: (1) a lever of cognitive perception by a regular reader is confused with a level of creative genius of a writer; (2) {open_quotes}open{close_quotes} time of real world is mixed up with {open_quote}closed{close_quote} time of the story; (3) events are not organized by the hierarchy of their importance, nor in real world, nor in the inner model of the personages, nor in the story.

  7. OH treatment for drum boilers

    SciTech Connect

    Ball, M.

    1995-01-01

    High concentrations of sodium phosphate and sodium hydroxide were used for conditioning drum boilers in the 1950`s. However, corrosion occurred in the new high pressure plant, due to hydrogen damage and caustic gouging. This led to sodium hydroxide being abandoned in the USA in favour of phosphate treatment (PT). Problems of control and corrosion with PT led to a search for alternative methods of conditioning in other countries. Limiting chloride ingress and the use of low concentrations of sodium hydroxide ({open_quotes}OH{close_quotes} treatment) was developed and now is used successfully for more than 50,000 MWe of plant. The benefits of {open_quotes}OH{close_quotes} treatment over all volatile treatment (AVT), include a higher tolerance to chloride in the boiler water and a reduced risk of acid attack. Compared with PT, it avoids phosphate hide-out and problems with monitoring and control. {open_quotes}OH{close_quotes} treatment is simpler. It is still necessary to limit the chloride in the boiler water to prevent hydrogen damage. Some sodium hydroxide needs to be present in the boiler water to achieve the full benefits of {open_quotes}OH{close_quotes} treatment, but the concentration has to be strictly limited to reduce the risk of caustic gouging in the boiler, carry-over into the steam and damage to superheaters, reheaters and turbines. This is achieved by continuous monitoring the feedwater, boiler water and steam. The chemical guidelines for {open_quotes}OH{close_quotes} treatment adopted overseas are reviewed, together with the evidence gained from operating plant, the problems that occurred and how these were overcome, EPRI guidelines are proposed for coal fired plant.

  8. Is mean litter size the most productive? A test in Columbian ground squirrels

    SciTech Connect

    Risch, T.S. |; Dobson, F.S.; Murie, J.O.

    1995-07-01

    We studied the evolution of litter size in natural and experimentally manipulated populations of Columbian ground squirrels (Spermophilus columbianus) in eastern Washington state and southwest Alberta. Litter size at weaning in a large natural population (mean = 3.51 pups/litter, 248 litters) was significantly lower than the litter size (6 pups) that produced the most offspring surviving to yearling age class. This evidence contradicted Lack`s {open_quotes}optimal litter size{close_quotes} hypothesis, which predicts that the most productive litter size should approximate the mean. Litter size had no significant effect on the subsequent survival or reproduction of mothers, contrary to the negative effects predicted by the {open_quotes}cost of reproduction{close_quotes} hypothesis. Litter success varied among years, and good and bad years for reproduction could be experimentally simulated with food supplementations. However, small samples of the largest litters rendered the {open_quotes}bad-years{close_quotes} hypothesis inappropriate for application to our data. Proportional survival of offspring was relatively constant among different litter sizes, contrary to the necessary condition of the {open_quotes}cliff edge{close_quotes} hypothesis of a dramatic decrease in survival of young from the largest litters. The data supported the {open_quotes}individual optimization{close_quotes} hypothesis most strongly. As predicted, the number of surviving offspring increased with litter size, although in one population the six largest litters (2.4% of 248 litters) suffered reduced success. In natural and food-supplemented populations, changes in maternal body mass were associated with changes in litter size (r = 0.205 to 0.926). Because survival of young remained relatively constant as litter size increased, these correlations resulted in greater offspring success for mothers in better body condition. 84 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. The influence of environmental conditions on tree-ring series of Norway spruce for different canopy and vitality classes

    SciTech Connect

    Brakel, J.A. van den; Visser, H.

    1996-05-01

    A dendroecological study of Norway spruce trees was undertaken as part of an interdisciplinary project investigated the influence of air pollution on tree growth in northern Germany. They analyzed individual trees stratified according to three different canopy classes and three different vitality classes, using response function analysis. There is a significant positive correlation between precipitation during the growing season and the tree-ring series, and that the observed forest decline is probably caused by a severe unknown stress factor (but clearly not a climate factor) during the mid-1950s. In this article a model is applied for simultaneous adjustment of trend and explanatory variables for tree-ring chronologies. After analyzing the tree-ring chronologies of the Norway spruce by these more sophisticated methods, it is found that: (1) the stockastic response functions for precipitation during the growing season are principally constant over time and positive, (2) the stochastic response functions for the temperature in February and March are not constant and become significant after the mid-1950s for trees from the classes {open_quotes}not dominant-vital,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}not dominant-moderately vital,{close_quotes}{open_quotes}dominant-not vital,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}moderately dominant-not vital,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}not dominant-not vital,{close_quotes} (3) the influence of climate factors on tree-ring development is higher if the vitality and dominance of the trees is lower, (4) addition of an SO{sub 2} emission curve as explanatory variable, simultaneously with trend and climate variables for tree-ring chronologies, did not reveal a significant air pollution effect on tree-ring development. 37 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Relationship between dopamine transporter occupancy and methylphenidate induced high in humans

    SciTech Connect

    Volkow, N.D.; Wang, G.J.; Fowler, J.S. |

    1996-05-01

    The inhibition of the dopamine transporter (DAT) by cocaine has been shown to be indispensable for its reinforcing properties. The development of drugs that inibit the DAT has become a major target to prevent cocaine`s effects. However prevention of the {open_quotes}high{close_quotes} by DAT inhibitors has never been demonstrated. This study evaluates the ability to block methylphenidate (MP), a DAT inhibitor drug with similar reinforcing properties to cocaine, induced {open_quotes}high{close_quotes} by prior DAT inhibition. It uses PET and [{sup 11}C]d-threo-methylphenidate to measure the relationship between DAT occupancy prior to administration of MP and the intensity of the subjective perception of the {open_quotes}high{close_quotes} in 8 controls. MP (0.375 mg/kg iv) which was administered as a single injection and also as two sequential doses given 60 minutes apart significantly reduced the ratio of the distribution volume for [{sup 11}C]d-threo-methylphenidate in striatum to that in cerebellum from a baseline of 2.83 {plus_minus} 0.2 to 1.29 {plus_minus} 0.1 at 7 minutes and to 1.37 {plus_minus} 0.2 at 60 minutes after a single injection of MP and to 1.14 {plus_minus} 0.1 at 7 minutes after the second of two sequential MP doses. This corresponds to a DAT occupancy by MP of 84% {plus_minus} 7 at 7 minutes and of 77% {plus_minus} 6 at 60 minutes after a single injection of MP and of 93% {plus_minus} 7 at 7 after the second of two sequential MP doses. The subjective perception of {open_quotes}high{close_quotes} experienced after the second injection of MP was of a similar magnitude to that experienced after the first injection of MP was of a similar magnitude to that experienced after the first injection, in spite of the very different starting DAT occupancies (0 and 77%, respectively). DAT occupancy was not correlated with the {open_quotes}high{close_quotes}; and one subject with 100% DAT occupancy did not perceive the {open_quotes}high{close_quotes}.

  11. Williams syndrome starts making sense

    SciTech Connect

    Ashkenas, J.

    1996-10-01

    1996 may be marked as a transitional year in the study of Williams syndrome (WS), when the causes of this complex condition and a practical way to investigate began to come into focus. WS presents a remarkable collection of symptoms that affect blood vessels, growth, intelligence, and behavior. WS commonly leads to infantile hypercalcemia, retardation of growth, prematurely wrinkled skin, supraventricular aortic stenosis (SVAS), and sensitivity to loud noise. Children with this condition are often mentally retarded, with distinctive {open_quotes}elfin{close_quotes} facial features, a hoarse voice, and an {open_quotes}engaging{close_quotes} personality. Their cognitive deficits may be minimal or profound but typically involve a specific pattern of strengths and weaknesses, with better-than-average face recognition but little ability to recognize how parts of patterns that they see fit into a whole. 36 refs.

  12. A null-tetrad approach to Kerr{endash}Schild gravitational fields in matter

    SciTech Connect

    Udeschini, E.B.; Magli, G.

    1996-11-01

    The null tetrad formalism is used to investigate the structure of the Einstein field equations for Kerr{endash}Schild gravitational fields in the presence of an elastic solid source. It is shown that such equations may be reduced to five nonlinear partial differential equations for five variables. It turns out that, when the interior solutions admit the same preferred null congruence of the vacuum ones and some compatibility conditions hold, it is possible to reduce them to a linear system and to develop a method of solution which closely resembles the {open_quote}{open_quote}variation of the arbitrary constants{close_quote}{close_quote} for ordinary differential equations. In the present paper, the above technical framework is developed in general and applied to two simple examples, deferring to future work the approach to the Kerr{endash}interior problem. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  13. Credible evidence heads for courts

    SciTech Connect

    Fairley, P.

    1997-02-26

    Industry coalitions have begun preparing legal challenges to new EPA rules on what data industry must report to demonstrate compliance with Clean Air Act (CAA) emissions standards and what data can be used by regulators and citizens` groups to establish that a violation has occurred. The first confrontation will be over a rule issued last week that allows use of any {open_quotes}credible evidence{close_quotes} of unlawful emissions to prove CAA violations. EPA and environmental groups call the credible evidence rule a {open_quotes}housekeeping{close_quotes} step to clarify existing legal standards. Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) attorney James Pew says the rule is supported by the 1990 CAA Amendments. He says the 1990 amendments reversed a law that was the basis of a 1984 federal court decision to dismiss an EPA enforcement action against a steel mill because the violation was not proved using EPA`s test method.

  14. 78 FR 78878 - Comparability Determination for the European Union: Certain Transaction-Level Requirements

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-27

    ...including records of all oral and written communications concerning quotes, solicitations...which require records of oral communications to be maintained for swap transactions...regulations concerning the recording of oral communications were submitted. These...

  15. Locusts and remote sensing: a review Alexandre V. Latchininsky

    E-print Network

    Latchininsky, Alexandre

    to locusts and grasshoppers far outnumber all other related quotes.1 Locust swarms often brought devas, locusts are short-horned grasshoppers (suborder Caelifera, family Acrididae) of the insect order

  16. Googling to the Max -Page 1 Googling to the Max -Exercises

    E-print Network

    Allan, Vicki H.

    and phrases enclosed in quotes: california OR oregon OR "pacific coast" "global warming" OR "greenhouse effect, statistics ~help matches guide, tutorial, FAQ, manual SIMILAR PAGES (in results list) or command related

  17. Seneca Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Project

    SciTech Connect

    2012-11-30

    This document provides specifications for the process air compressor for a compressed air storage project, requests a budgetary quote, and provides supporting information, including compressor data, site specific data, water analysis, and Seneca CAES value drivers.

  18. Reclaiming Beauty Conference, 25 May, University of Cambridge

    E-print Network

    Horvath, Agnes; Cuffe, James

    2012-05-25

    reach. This is what we mean by ‘reclaiming beauty’ – the recognition of the ‘invis¬ible and unchanging beauty which pervades all things’ (in the words of Plotinus, as quoted by Gregory Bateson). Given these aims, the Workshop will have...

  19. Arena retrofit includes ground-source heat pump

    SciTech Connect

    Hodgson, S.F.

    1996-01-01

    The venue for Sacramento`s first professional basketball games was the {open_quotes}old Arco Arena,{close_quotes} built in 1985 just north of the downtown area and converted to offices after a large, permanent arena was constructed. In 1994, the {open_quotes}old arena{close_quotes} was acquired by a California general partnership called Del Paso Venture. To heat and cool the 3-story, 211,000-square foot structure, Del Paso has installed a ground-source heat pump system. The project is significant for the ground-source heat pump industry, because this is the first ground-source heat pump site ever designed specifically for the energy load of the building it will serve. Other projects have been calculated by rule-of-thumb. The installation and cost of the heat pump system are discussed.

  20. 75 FR 41148 - Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof, Finished or Unfinished, From the People's Republic of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ...citing Am. Silicon Techs. v. United States, F. Supp. 2d 992, 995 (CIT 2000). \\25\\ See Hebei New Donghua Amino Acid Co., Ltd. v. United States, 374 F. Supp. 2d 1333, 1338 (CIT 2005), (``New Donghua'') quoting Fresh...

  1. All we like sheep: Cloning as an

    E-print Network

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    blog [1] ICSM-07: Myths in Sw Eng 4 Quotes on source code cloning "Number one in the stink parade is supposed to be bad · Duplicated code leads to bloat ­ Hard to understand, less "essential" ­ Will all bug

  2. To appear in the Proceedings of the 1999 CMESG Conference The Decline and Rise of Geometry in 20th Century North America.

    E-print Network

    Whiteley, Walter

    of a specific field of discrete geometry ­ `triangle geometry' - over the 19 th and 20 th centuries [14]. Within, he quotes E.T. Bell [5 page 323] : " The geometers of the 20 th century have long since piously

  3. Upton bill offers clean-up incentives

    SciTech Connect

    Black, B.

    1994-07-01

    Like castor oil, the Superfund law can be difficult medicine to swallow, and no one wants to volunteer for a dose. Indeed, the law`s harsh and unbending liability scheme sometimes hinders the cleanup of contaminated property. Confronted with the choice of redeveloping an old {open_quotes}brownfield{close_quotes} urban industrial site or building at a pristine new {open_quotes}greenfield{close_quotes} location, most companies opt for the latter. The brownfield problem is especially troubling because the law often prevents voluntary cleanups at relatively low priority sites that usually don`t get caught up in the Superfund program. This paper describes the Upton Bill which would require the US EPA to establish cleanup standards for hazrdous substances, allow for public comment on a proposed response plan, and require a voluntary party to submit detailed annual reports and maintain records.

  4. LLNL Small-Scale Friction sensitivity (BAM) Test

    SciTech Connect

    Simpson, L.R.; Foltz, M.F.

    1996-06-01

    Small-scale safety testing of explosives, propellants and other energetic materials, is done to determine their sensitivity to various stimuli including friction, static spark, and impact. Testing is done to discover potential handling problems for either newly synthesized materials of unknown behavior, or materials that have been stored for long periods of time. This report describes the existing {open_quotes}BAM{close_quotes} Small-Scale Friction Test, and the methods used to determine the friction sensitivity pertinent to handling energetic materials. The accumulated data for the materials tested is not listed here - that information is in a database. Included is, however, a short list of (1) materials that had an unusual response, and (2), a few {open_quotes}standard{close_quotes} materials representing the range of typical responses usually seen.

  5. H:\\Newsletter February 2005.wpd

    Cancer.gov

    QUOTE OF THE QUARTER “Pharmacy is like that sometimes.....” Supervisor Pat Schettino’s response after the newsletter editor complained that this issue of INSIDE PMB was boring. Look for INSIDE PMB quarterly!

  6. 77 FR 74710 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-17

    ... Maker seeking to stream quotes in the entire universe of names traded on the Exchange would have to pay... entire universe of names traded on the Exchange. Further, the establishment of the tiers will...

  7. NEWS FEATURE 112 nature reports climate change | VOL 2 | SEPTEMBER 2008 | www.nature.com/reports/climatechange

    E-print Network

    Vellend, Mark

    -quoted example of transporting polar bears to the Antarctic, a move that could transfer the threat of extinction.nature.com/reports/climatechange Moving on assisted migration T he quino checkerspot butterfly, a brown, red and black airborne quilt just

  8. Brane-antibrane democracy

    SciTech Connect

    Kallosh, R.; Rajaraman, A.

    1996-11-01

    We suggest a duality-invariant formula for the entropy and temperature of nonextreme black holes in supersymmetric string theory. The entropy is given in terms of the duality-invariant parameter of the deviation from extremality and 56 SU(8) covariant central charges. It interpolates between the entropies of Schwarzschild solution and extremal solutions with various amount of unbroken supersymmetries, and therefore, serves for classification of black holes in supersymmetric string theories. We introduce the second auxiliary 56 via an E(7) symmetric constraint. The symmetric and antisymmetric combinations of these two multiplets are related via moduli to the corresponding two fundamental representations of E(7): brane and antibrane {open_quote}{open_quote}numbers.{close_quote}{close_quote} Using the {ital CPT} as well as {ital C} symmetry of the entropy formula and duality one can explain the mysterious simplicity of the nonextreme black hole area formula in terms of branes and antibranes. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  9. Characterization of HMX particles in PBX 9501

    SciTech Connect

    Skidmore, C.B.; Phillips, D.S.; Son, S.F.; Asay, B.W.

    1997-09-01

    The particle size distribution and morphology of HMX (cyclotetramethylene-tetranitramine) in the plastic-bonded explosive, PBX 9501 (95% HMX and 5% polymeric binder, by weight), are important to understanding the micromechanical behavior of this material. This paper shows that the size distribution of the {open_quotes}as-received{close_quotes} HMX powder, as measured by light scattering, is not preserved through the processing operations of formulation into molding powder and subsequent consolidation through hydrostatic pressing. Morphological features such as cracking and twinning are examined using reflected light microscopy. This technique helps confirm and interpret the results of the particle size analysis. These results suggest that use of the particle size distribution of the {open_quotes}as-received{close_quotes} powder could potentially yield significant errors in detailed simulations of formulated materials.

  10. Incineration of municipal waste and measures against dioxin in Japan

    SciTech Connect

    Sanbongi, Toru; Doi, Kentaro

    1997-12-01

    It was in 1983 that dioxin was detected from fly ash emitted from municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerators in Japan. Since then, the Ministry of Health and Welfare has executed numerous researches on the generation mechanism and control of dioxin. Based upon the results of the researches, the Ministry entrusted a group of experts to conduct a study on measures to be taken against dioxin, and finally issued {open_quotes}the Guidelines for the Prevention of Dioxin Generation from MSW Incinerators{close_quotes} in December 1990. In June 1996, {open_quotes}The Conference for examining the measures to reduce dioxin in connection with waste disposal{close_quotes} was established; and in January 1997, the Guidelines were amended.

  11. Introduction to linear programming: Coalitional game experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Lucas, W.

    1994-12-31

    Many solution notions in the multiperson cooperative games (in characteristic function form) make use of linear programming (LP). The popular concept of the {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} of a coalitional game is a special type of LP. It can be introduced in a very simple and quite exciting manner by means of a group experiment. A total of fifty dollars will be given to three randomly selected attendees who will take part in an experiment during this talk, presuming they behave in a Pareto optimal manner. Furthermore, the dual of the particular LP for the core gives rise to the idea of {open_quotes}balanced sets{close_quotes} which is an interesting combinatorial structure in its own right.

  12. 76 FR 48925 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ... Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Introduce a Bulk-Quoting Interface August 3, 2011. Pursuant to Section... comments were either solicited or received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change...

  13. The challenge for liquidity in small stock exchanges and trading portals : the case of the Belgian Stock Exchange

    E-print Network

    Goune, Steven E

    2005-01-01

    The world-wide consolidation in the electronic trading industry has provided evidence that small exchanges and trading portals need to deliver more than sophisticated technology, streaming quotes and market data. In order ...

  14. Information visualization of the stock market ticks : toward a new trading interface

    E-print Network

    Roberts, Pasha, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Ticks, the second-to-second trades and quotes of a market, might be considered the atoms of finance. They represent the basic, defining transactions that represent an asset in the market. Almost all financial concepts, ...

  15. 12 CFR 349.13 - Trading and operational standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...depository institution engaging in retail forex transactions shall establish and implement...that each order received from a retail forex transaction that is executable at or...depository institution has quoted to the retail forex customer is entered for execution...

  16. 12 CFR 349.13 - Trading and operational standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...depository institution engaging in retail forex transactions shall establish and implement...that each order received from a retail forex transaction that is executable at or...depository institution has quoted to the retail forex customer is entered for execution...

  17. 12 CFR 349.13 - Trading and operational standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...depository institution engaging in retail forex transactions shall establish and implement...that each order received from a retail forex transaction that is executable at or...depository institution has quoted to the retail forex customer is entered for execution...

  18. New catalysts will not eliminate older systems

    SciTech Connect

    Morris, G.D.L.

    1994-10-05

    Now that the grandstanding over metallocene catalysi is passing, a clearer--and more positive--picture is emerging of the future for polymers produced with existing technology--and the catalysts used to make them. {open_quotes}Many people think they are just around the corner with metallocenes,{close_quotes} says Sam Pritchard, commercial manager of licensing for BP. {open_quotes}But improvements in traditional technologies will keep raising the entry barrier for metallocene catalyst systems.{close_quotes} He spoke at the fourth annual International Business Forum on Specialty Polyolefins, held late last month in Houston. As a leading licenser of polyolefins technology, BP is designing its new technology as a biomodal drop-in system for existing single-reactor trains--a distinct departure from other polymer companies that are working on monomodal catalysts and dual-reactor production.

  19. Exxon gains gas-phase patent, makes LLDPE

    SciTech Connect

    Rotman, D.

    1995-04-26

    Exxon chemical says it has made linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) using metallocene catalysts at its world-scale gas-phase plant in Mont Belvieu, TX. Exxon also says it has received a broad US patent that covers the use of metallocenes in gas-phase reactors that use condensing mode technology and that it plans to license the know-how. The moves, say industry experts, greatly strengthen Exxon`s position in metallocenes, particularly in pushing metallocene-based PE into commodity markets. The use of gas-phase technology {open_quotes}had to happen{close_quotes} to allow metallocene polymers to compete as commodities, says David Highfield, v.p. at Catalyst Consultants (Spring House, PA). {open_quotes}It`s very important and very significant in widening the scope of [metallocene] technology.{close_quotes}

  20. SPACE-R nuclear power system TFE mock-up SC-320 demonstration test

    SciTech Connect

    Nikolaev, Y.V.; Eremin, S.A.; Kolesov, V.S.; Lapochkin, N.V.; Izhvanov, O.L.; Semin, R.N.; Androsov, V.N.; Agafonov, V.N.; Koester, J.K.

    1996-03-01

    As a result of its 1993{endash}94 work, NII NPO {open_quote}{open_quote}LUCH{close_quote}{close_quote} developed a thermionic fuel element (TFE) SC-320 intended for use as part of a nuclear thermionic reactor-converter known as SPACE-R designed in the US and rated at 40 kW of output electric power. This paper presents the results of the demonstration electric power tests of the SC-320 TFE mock-up conducted in the US at the TSET testing facility located at the University of New Mexico. The data obtained are compared to the calculated characteristics as well as the output parameters of the Topaz-2 NPS TFEs. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  1. Output power characteristics and performance of TOPAZ II Thermionic Fuel Element No. 24

    SciTech Connect

    Luchau, D.W.; Bruns, D.R.; Izhvanov, O.; Androsov, V.

    1996-03-01

    A final report on the output power characteristics and capabilities of single cell TOPAZ II Thermionic Fuel Element (TFE) No. 24 is presented. Thermal power tests were conducted for over 3000 hours to investigate converter performance under normal and adverse operating conditions. Experiments conducted include low power testing, high power testing, air introduction to the interelectrode gap, collector temperature optimization, thermal modeling, and output power characteristic measurements. During testing, no unexpected degradation in converter performance was observed. The TFE has been removed from the test stand and returned to Scientific Industrial Association {open_quote}{open_quote}LUCH{close_quote}{close_quote} for materials analysis and report. This research was conducted at the Thermionic System Evaluation Test (TSET) Facility at the New Mexico Engineering Research Institute (NMERI) as a part of the Topaz International Program (TIP) by the Air Force Phillips Laboratory (PL). {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. Plant Water Relations Techniques -FOR 6345C, Section 019B Spring 2012 Syllabus Instructors: Dr. Tim Martin (359 N-Z, 846-0866,

    E-print Network

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    Davy, 19th Century English chemist, quoted in Thomas Hager's book Force of Nature: The Life of Linus Pauling, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1995. "It's sometimes too easy to let the toys drive the science

  3. Electrokinetic decontamination of concrete. Final report, August 3, 1993--September 15, 1996

    SciTech Connect

    1998-12-31

    The ELECTROSORB{reg_sign} {open_quotes}C{close_quotes} process is an electrokinetic process for decontaminating concrete. ELECTROSORB{reg_sign} {open_quotes}C{close_quotes} uses a carpet-like extraction pad which is placed on the contaminated concrete surface. An electrolyte solution is circulated from a supporting module. This module keeps the electrolyte solution clean. The work is advancing through the engineering development stage with steady progress toward a full scale demonstration unit which will be ready for incorporation in the DOE Large Scale Demonstration Program by Summer 1997. A demonstration was carried out at the Mound Facility in Miamisburg, Ohio, in June 1996. Third party verification by EG&G verified the effectiveness of the process. Results of this work and the development work that proceeded are described herein.

  4. Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy by Avrum Stroll Columbia University Press: New York, 2000. 302 pp, Hardcover, $32.50.

    E-print Network

    Majors, Brad

    the last forty years, and in publications Stroll himself mentions and quotes from, Quine has been an unrepentant platonist about mathematical entities. Second, he notes that Quine adheres to scientism. "So the question for him is whether scientific...

  5. Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy by Avrum Stroll. Columbia University Press: New York, 2000. 302 pp, Hardcover, $32.50.

    E-print Network

    Majors, Brad

    the last forty years, and in publications Stroll himself mentions and quotes from, Quine has been an unrepentant platonist about mathematical entities. Second, he notes that Quine adheres to scientism. "So the question for him is whether scien­ tific...

  6. Letter to Physics Today in reply to Peter Saulson's review of my book

    E-print Network

    Sokal, Alan

    to cite Mara Beller's excellent article4 in which she quotes Niels Bohr, Max Born, Werner Heisenberg, philosophy and religion. I did, nevertheless, make clear my own negative view of much of Heisenberg

  7. usually combined with the word for ancestral) have more of the connotation of teaching--

    E-print Network

    Rankin, Daniel

    for this delightful little creature. Ranging widely across nearly all of con- temporary biology, Zimmer presents E. He quotes Charles Darwin's comment that "natural selection will always act with extreme slowness, I

  8. Introduction to the ISO 14000 international environmental management standards

    SciTech Connect

    McVaugh, J.

    1995-12-31

    International standards for environmental management are being drafted through a consensus process by hundreds of technical experts from over forty nations. The first are expected to be finalized by mid-year 1996. They are being drafted in an attempt to stem the proliferation of national and regional environmental management standards, the perhaps unintentional side-effect of which is restraint of trade. The ISO 14000 series of standards may be grouped into two categories: {open_quotes}product evaluation{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}organization evaluation{close_quotes} standards. This paper deals primarily with the latter category, because the organizationally related standards are expected to have a more profound effect thorughout the organizations that adopt them. This paper will also describe some of the commercial, economic and performance benefits which organizations may derive thorugh adoption and use of the standards.

  9. 78 FR 29797 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-21

    ...during the response time may immediately join any new BBO. The new BBO shall be determined...BBO Improvement Interval may immediately join the re-quoted market, thus matching...Improvement Interval, may immediately join the Requesting Member's improved...

  10. Lighting

    SciTech Connect

    Audin, L.

    1994-12-31

    EPAct covers a vast territory beyond lighting and, like all legislation, also contains numerous {open_quotes}favors,{close_quotes} compromises, and even some sleight-of-hand. Tucked away under Title XIX, for example, is an increase from 20% to 28% tax on gambling winnings, effective January 1, 1993 - apparently as a way to help pay for new spending listed elsewhere in the bill. Overall, it is a landmark piece of legislation, about a decade overdue. It remains to be seen how the Federal Government will enforce upgrading of state (or even their own) energy codes. There is no mention of funding for {open_quotes}energy police{close_quotes} in EPAct. Merely creating such a national standard, however, provides a target for those who sincerely wish to create an energy-efficient future.

  11. Rutgers-Newark newsmakers (MarchMay 2007)

    E-print Network

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    of Law The Asbury Park Press quoted Frank Askin in its May 12 editorial calling for the Ocean Grove Camp about 101.5 FM's "Jersey Guys." An article in the April 7 Guam Pacific Daily News about banning Guam

  12. Application of SAFIRE in the design of an emergency relief vent for a storage vessel

    SciTech Connect

    Shaw, D.A.; Levin, M.E.

    1995-12-31

    For a gas-producing (gassy) decomposition reaction with established kinetics, SAFIRE (Systems Analysis For Integrated Relief Evaluation) is applied to design pressure relief vents for two storage vessels. The reactant concentration in the solvent differs significantly between the two vessels. SAFIRE is employed to validate experimentally derived kinetics through simulation of the reaction`s concentration, temperature and pressure history in the testing apparatus. Following this, SAFIRE is then applied to determine safe vent sizes for commercial-scale vessels. For the particular system under study, {open_quotes}hybrid/tempered{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}hybrid/nontempered{close_quotes} behavior may be observed, depending on the reactant concentration. The results for these two systems are compared. The utility and flexibility of SAFIRE are also demonstrated. 17 refs., 23 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Mother`s 1993: Wood and coal stove advisory

    SciTech Connect

    Vivian, J.

    1993-12-01

    If you`re like me, you`ve been heating and cooking with wood long enough that you don`t want another lecture about the cozy charm of a wood fire, the money you can save over electric heat, why to clean your flue or how to stack a cord of wood. What you may want to know, however, is why you can`t get an efficient, new wood stove anymore without paying hundreds of dollars extra for a government-approved catalytic smoke combustor or {open_quotes}Hi-Tech{close_quotes} stove; how the wood smoke that we once considered benign can degrade our air quality, endangering health and property; and how the new government presence in home heating affects your use or sale of the {open_quotes}low-tech{close_quotes} Intrepid, Kodiak or Ashley airtight wood stove (or the faithful old coal-burner) that has warmed you for years.

  14. WheelchairNet

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Pittsburgh. All rights reserved. No quotes from the materials contained herein may be used in any media without attribution to the Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology . Archival information for wheelchairnet.org Updated | ...

  15. The role of strategic environmental data management in emissions tracking and compliance assurance

    SciTech Connect

    Menon, R.P.; Hofmann, J.E.; Rosen, N.

    1996-12-31

    An effective environmental data management (FDM) system can be one of the most important tools for an industrial facility to assure and demonstrate compliance with environmental regulations. There are both {open_quotes}Environmental{close_quotes} requirements as well as {open_quotes}Information Technology{close_quotes} needs that should be addressed prior to the selection of an EDM system. Environmental managers` and engineers` biggest challenges today are in improving analytical capabilities through improved data management. Environmental Systems Integration (ESI) refers to the marriage of a comprehensive EDM tool with existing systems within an enterprise to optimize the task of emissions tracking, recordkeeping, reporting and compliance. ESI invariably calls for an ability to customize the EDM system to user-specific needs including effective utilization of existing information and resources.

  16. The Times, They are a Changin': An Insider Indicates Where Federal Funding of Science and Engineering May be Heading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raloff, Janet

    1981-01-01

    Provides quotes from President Reagan's personal science adviser, George Keyworth, concerning federal funding of science and engineering programs, including statements regarding solar energy, nuclear power, national defense, women and minorities programs, and National Science Foundation educational programs. (CS)

  17. Lyle N. Long 1/22 The Critical Need for Increased IT

    E-print Network

    quotes: Boeing: "It's not about the airplane." Lockheed: "The wiring harness is more difficult than the airplane structure." U.S. Air Force: "The airplane is just "the platform" and it is mainly there to carry

  18. 77 FR 38362 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-27

    ...the Class Quoting Limit for Options on Facebook June 21, 2012. Pursuant to Section...Limit (``CQL'') for options on Facebook. The text of the proposed rule change...began electronically trading options on Facebook, trading volume and TPH interest...

  19. Extending Galton's Binomial Quincunx to the Trinomial Septcunx

    E-print Network

    Sainudiin, Raazesh

    , the trinomial coefficient. We start by revisiting Sir Francis Galton's Quincunx. We formalise a probability of the MLE of vector parameters. 2. Sir Francis Galton's Quincunx We first quote the following words from Sir Francis Galton's historic w

  20. Multi-staged, InAsSb mid-infrared lasers and light-emitting diodes, grown by MOCVD

    SciTech Connect

    Kurtz, S.R.; Allerman, A.A.; Biefeld, R.M.; Baucom, K.C.

    1997-09-01

    Due to lower nonradiative rates, mid-infrared (2-6 micron) lasers with strained, narrow bandgap, Sb-based active regions have the potential to operate at lower current density and higher temperature than competing devices. Superior performance may be achieved through the {open_quotes}band structure engineered{close_quotes} reduction of Auger recombination and the implementation of multi-stage (or {open_quotes}cascaded{close_quotes}) active regions. We describe the first lasers and LEDs utilizing strained InAsSb, multi-stage active regions. An (n)InAs / (p)GaAsSb semimetal layer is incorporated into each stage as an internal electron-hole source. To date, 2-stage LEDs and 2-stage lasers have been demonstrated. Our multi-stage devices were grown by MOCVD.