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1

Connecting the Quotes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents techniques for weaving quotes into a stylish feature story. Describes "Quote Framing" and "Split Quotes," and gives different levels of appropriate and inappropriate uses for each. Suggest that most professional newspapers and magazines are working examples of correct form for the use of quotations, direct and indirect. (SC)

Smith, Tom

1999-01-01

2

News Story Quotes: Verbatim?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study determined what beginning journalists and news reporting students have learned is acceptable to quote, verbatim, in a news story, and where they learned about these guidelines. Results of a questionnaire given to journalism students indicated that most would change direct quotes by adjusting blasphemies, correcting faulty grammar, cleaning…

Davenport, Lucinda

3

MICROSOFT STOCK QUOTES DEPENDENCY ANALYSIS  

E-print Network

MICROSOFT STOCK QUOTES DEPENDENCY ANALYSIS Janez Bucik Data mining study class University of Nova This paper presents Microsoft stock quotes dependency analysis. In this data mining task, I tried to find out some correlations between Microsoft corporation stock quotes and stock quotes of some other worldwide

Novak, Petra Kralj

4

{open_quotes}Car Talk{close_quotes}: An autopsy  

SciTech Connect

{open_quotes}Car Talk{close_quotes} - the Clinton administration`s vehicle for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from passenger cars and light-duty trucks-hit the wall amid charges and countercharges hurled by its frustrated participants. A careful post-mortem reveals lessons that can redeem the process for dealing with future public policy controversies.

Eads, G.C. [Charles River Association, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-11-01

5

Great Quotes for Great Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 600 insightful, witty nuggets to motivate and inspire you... and everyone else at your school. Teachers--display these quotes in your classrooms! Administrators--insert them into your faculty memos and share them at staff meetings! Why is this book unique? (1) it includes over 100 original quotes from internationally acclaimed speaker and…

Whitaker, Todd; Lumpa, Dale

2005-01-01

6

Quote Boxes for Chemistry Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents three quote box puzzles in which given letters are dropped vertically in each column (given order does not necessarily represent the appearance) and form a quotation when read from left to right, line by line. (YDS)

Olney, Dave

2002-01-01

7

The use of quotes in qualitative research.  

PubMed

Quoted words and phrases from research participants are a common feature of qualitative research reports. Quoting is a process that requires the achievement of the proper balance between the obligations of scientific reporting and the taking of artistic license. Quotes are used to support researcher claims, illustrate ideas, illuminate experience, evoke emotion, and provoke response. Quoting involves researchers in acts of choosing that lie in the domains of aesthetics and ethics. PMID:7972926

Sandelowski, M

1994-12-01

8

Projection in English: The Environment of Quoting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a report on an investigation of quoting strategies in English, an investigation that is part of a longer-term research programme exploring clauses of "saying" and their quoted and reported content as direct and indirect speech by members of the SAL (Systemics Across Languages) Group. Here the focus is on how quotes are…

Matthiessen, Christian M. I. M.; Teruya, Kazuhiro

2013-01-01

9

Text, Talk, and Journalistic Quoting Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores journalistic quoting practices as an interface between written and oral modes of communication, or between text and talk. Examines both prescriptive and performative dimensions of journalistic quoting across the media. States that when quoting, journalists creatively mix and meld text and talk. Suggests that the cogency of news…

Zelizer, Barbie

1995-01-01

10

PVC, combustion and {open_quote}dioxins{close_quote}  

SciTech Connect

The incineration of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) yields {open_quote}dioxins{close_quote}. Important precursors of the dioxins are (poly)ChloroPhenols (CP`s). A lab-scale mini combustion reactor has been constructed, capable of handling representative MSW-samples in a batch-wise manner. Flue gas samples were analyzed for CP`s and HCl. In most MSW the NaCl and PVC are about equally important as contributors to the chlorine load. Representative Dutch MSW was also available separated into 14 different fractions, allowing wide variations in composition. By elimination, replacement and/or enrichment the authors aim to discover which components, or conditions, promote CP-formation (for example by catalysis) and its emission in the flue gases. Some features to be discussed are (1) at a given NaCl load the addition of PVC does not increase the CP level (2) Replacing the original Cl-sources by NaCl + cellulose does not change CP-emission, (3) Where and how are CP`s formed?

Kanters, J.; Louw, R. [Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)

1993-12-31

11

Composition of primary cosmic rays beyond the {open_quote}{open_quote}knee{close_quote}{close_quote} from emulsion chamber observations  

SciTech Connect

We show that the simplest assumptions for the dynamics of particle production allow us to understand the fluxes of hadrons and photons at mountain altitudes as well as the structure of individual events. The analysis requires a heavy nuclear component of primary cosmic rays above the {open_quote}{open_quote}knee{close_quote}{close_quote} in the spectrum with an average mass number {l_angle}{ital A}{r_angle}=7.3{plus_minus}0.9. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Costa, C.G.; Halzen, F. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Bellandi, J. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, UNICAMP, Campinas, Sao Paulo 13083-970 (Brazil)] [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, UNICAMP, Campinas, Sao Paulo 13083-970 (Brazil); Salles, C. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

1996-11-01

12

{open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company and development of the Arctic Shelf of Russia  

SciTech Connect

The Russian {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company for developing the shelf is the nucleus of a new branch of industry for developing oil and gas fields on shelves of Russia, primarily in the Arctic. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes}, created on the basis of leading naval defence enterprises, Russia`s largest geological and mining enterprises, and territorial organizations managing the northern regions of Russia, obtained a license in March 1993 for the right to use the natural resources of Europe`s largest Shtokman gas-condensate field and Prirazlomnoe oil field in the Barents Sea and thus has all the conditions and possibilities for the successful organization of oil and gas production on the continental shelf of Russia. The goals of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} are: the production of oil and gas equipment at converted defence enterprises, including under foreign license and for export; the development of oil and gas fields on the continental shelf of Russia; the creation of new prospective technologies for offshore oil and gas production under conditions of the Russian and mainly the arctic shelf. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} should develop the Pechora Sea fields, mainly the Prirazlomnoe oil field with its relatively small depth and distance from the shore. It is planned to develop Europe`s largest Shtokman field at a distance of 600 km from the shore in the course of 10-12 years with expenditures of about $6 billion. The use of defence technologies underlying the activities of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} gives the company a real change to reach the world level of offshore oil- and gas-production technology. Broad cooperation with foreign companies, mainly in the area of engineering, finances, ecology, and safety, planned also for this. Calculations show that already the priority projects of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} will provide 250,000-300,000 highly skilled jobs at Russian defence enterprises.

Velikhov, E.P.

1994-09-01

13

Polarization independence of microwave {open_quote}{open_quote}ionization{close_quote}{close_quote} thresholds of excited hydrogen atoms near the principal resonance  

SciTech Connect

We study experimentally and theoretically how the polarization of a 9.904 GHz field affects threshold amplitudes for many-photon {open_quote}{open_quote}ionization{close_quote}{close_quote} of {ital n}{sub 0}=70,...,98 H atoms. That peak-field thresholds for circular polarization are {ital lower} than for linear polarization (with those for elliptical polarization intermediate) in the main resonance zone is a consequence of a time-scale separation in the 3D dynamics there. When an amplitude scaling relationship given by the theory is used, the experimental data confirm that, near onset, the scaled ionization thresholds are approximately independent of polarization. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Bellermann, M.R.; Koch, P.M.; Mariani, D.R.; Richards, D. [Department of Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)] [Department of Physics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States); [Schlumberger-Doll Research, Ridgefield, Connecticut 06877 (United States); [Mathematics Faculty, Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA (United Kingdom)

1996-02-01

14

Optimizing performance in a self-conducted {open_quotes}Rightsizing{close_quotes} effort  

SciTech Connect

The differentiation among {open_quotes}rightsizing,{close_quotes} {open_quotes}downsizing,{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}reengineering{close_quotes} has been lost by many organizations. Also, unfortunately of late, the approaches to improved competitiveness and worker productivity are being viewed, by many companies, as neither worth the effort nor achieving the desired results. In some cases, the effort may actually create more negative results. This type of negative perception has been documented in a variety of sources that include the following: (1) less than half the companies reporting improvements in operating profits after the cuts were made, (2) the processes resulting in significantly degraded morale among more than 75% of the employees, (3) less than one-third of organizations reporting improvements in worker productivity, and (4) even Michael Hammer (the reengineering {open_quotes}guru{close_quotes}) believing that more than 50% and maybe as much as 70% of the organizations do not achieve the intended results. This paper describes an integrated organizational review process that was applied within a nuclear utility that did achieve the desired results.

Annon, M.C. [I& C Engineering Associates, Waterford, CT (United States)

1996-12-31

15

Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Why quantum mechanics cannot be formulated as a Markov process{close_quote}{close_quote}  

SciTech Connect

In the paper with the above-noted title, D. T. Gillespie [Phys. Rev. A {bold 49}, 1607 (1994)] claims that the theory of Markov stochastic processes cannot provide an adequate mathematical framework for quantum mechanics. In conjunction with the specific quantum dynamics considered there, we give a general analysis of the associated dichotomic jump processes. If we assume that Gillespie{close_quote}s {open_quote}{open_quote}measurement probabilities{close_quote}{close_quote} {ital are} the transition probabilities of a stochastic process, then the process must have an invariant (time independent) probability measure. Alternatively, if we demand the probability measure of the process follow the quantally implemented (via the Born statistical postulate) evolution, then we arrive at the jump process which {ital can} be interpreted as a Markov process if restricted to a suitable duration time. However, there is no corresponding Markov process consistent with the {ital Z}{sub 2} event space assumption, if we require its existence for all times {ital t}{element_of}{bold R}{sub +}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Garbaczewski, P.; Olkiewicz, R. [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wrocl/aw, PL-50 204 Wrocl/aw (Poland)] [Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wrocl/aw, PL-50 204 Wrocl/aw (Poland)

1996-08-01

16

{open_quotes}How I learned to stop worrying and begin to love competition{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Congress has decided the electric power industry needs to be {open_quotes}demonopolized.{close_quotes} Our century-old industry has already responded to substantial change since 1978: PURPA, PUHCA, and the National Energy Policy Act come immediately to mind. PURPA created generation competition. NEPA began the process of giving {open_quotes}open access{close_quotes} to the national electric transmission system. Now the pace of change is accelerating. Upping the ante, there are even those who wonder today whether Congress will eventually proclaim utility distribution systems as common carriers, accessible by all energy providers at {open_quotes}comparable{close_quotes} prices.

Stojka, J.

1995-12-31

17

Nonstandard Quotes: Superimpositions and Cultural Maps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that student use of quotation marks jars educators not because it departs from good practice but because, through them, students invoke voices educators do not want to recognize. Concludes that examining the ways both professors and students use non-standard quotes encourages an understanding of composition as a practice that brings…

Schneider, Barbara

2002-01-01

18

Great Quotes To Inspire Great Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a collection of quotes designed to offer support and inspiration to teachers as they face the daily emotional, spiritual, intellectual, and physical challenges of their professional and personal lives. The book's 26 sections focus on: the art of teaching; adversity; behavior; character; children; collaboration and teamwork;…

benShea, Noah

19

Nonabelian Debye screening and the {open_quotes}tsunami{close_quotes} problem  

SciTech Connect

The phenomenon of Debye screening is familiar from electrolytes and many other systems. Recently, it has been recognized that in nonabelian gauge theories at high temperature, even perturbatively Debye screening is much more complicated than in nonrelativistic systems. This was originally derived as {open_quotes}hard thermal loops{close_quotes}. Hard thermal loops have been derived perturbatively, by a semiclassical truncation of the Schwinger-Dyson equations, and by classical kinetic theory. In this talk I give a pedagogical derivation, following that of Kelly, Liu, Lucchesi, and Manuel. The derivation is valid not just for a thermal distribution, but (modulo certain obvious restrictions) for an arbitrary initial distribution of particles. Consider, for example, the {open_quotes}tsunami{close_quotes} problem: suppose that one starts, at time t = 0, with a spatially homogenous, infinite wall of particles, all moving with the same velocity at the speed of light.

Pisarski, R.D. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-09-22

20

Direct Observation and Calipering of the {open_quotes}Webbing{close_quotes} Fermi Surface of Yttrium  

SciTech Connect

The first measurement of both the size and shape of the region of the Fermi surface of yttrium known as the {open_quotes}webbing{close_quotes} is reported. This particular Fermi surface feature is of considerable interest because it is very similar to that found in a number of the heavier rare earth metals, where it is believed to play a vital role in driving the exotic magnetic structures found therein. In this positron study, two-dimensional angular correlation measurements combined with three-dimensional reconstruction provide a direct image of this part of the yttrium Fermi surface. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Dugdale, S.B.; Fretwell, H.M.; Alam, M.A. [H.H.Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol,Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TL (United Kingdom)] [H.H.Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol,Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Kontrym-Sznajd, G. [Polish Academy of Sciences, W. Trzebiatowski Intsitute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, 50-950 Wroclaw 2, P.O.Box 937 (Poland)] [Polish Academy of Sciences, W. Trzebiatowski Intsitute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, 50-950 Wroclaw 2, P.O.Box 937 (Poland); West, R.N.; Badrzadeh, S. [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O.Box 19059, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O.Box 19059, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)

1997-08-01

21

Investigation of processes in system {open_quotes}uranium-water-oxygen-hydrogen{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

The solutions of some kinetic equations of Uranium corrosion in Hydrogen, Oxygen and Water media are obtained. Corrosion processes on a surface of components made of uranium and its alloys depend not only by the surface state (degree of mechanical purity, chemical state, presence and nature of technological or hygienic covers, etc.) but also by presence and parameters of gaseous medium. A lot of interdependent reactions proceed in the system {open_quotes}uranium - hydrogen - water - oxygen{close_quotes}, and their depth and direction depend on initial gaseous medium, temperature, pressure, etc.

Borisov, V.N.; Laptev, N.N.; Akhlyustin, M.A. [Institute of Technical Physics, Chelyabinsk (Russian Federation)

1996-12-31

22

A {open_quotes}New{close_quotes} regime for nuclear weapons and materials  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, I discuss the principal ideas that I covered in my presentation on December 8, 1993, at the Future of Foreign Nuclear Materials Symposium held by the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California. I was asked to discuss issues related to military inventories of plutonium, and I took this opportunity to describe a possible declaratory regime that could encompass military as well as civilian inventories of plutonium. The {open_quote}new{close_quotes} in the title does not imply that the regime discussed here is an original idea. Rather, the regime will be {open_quotes}new,{close_quotes} when it is adopted. The regime proposed here and in other works is one in which all stocks of nuclear weapons and materials are declared. Originally, declarations were proposed as a traditional arms control measure. Here, declarations are proposed to support the prevention of misuse of nuclear weapons and materials, including support for the nonproliferation regime. In the following, I discuss: (1) Worldwide inventories of nuclear weapons and materials, including the fact that military plutonium must be viewed as part of that worldwide inventory. (2) Life cycles of nuclear weapons and materials, including the various stages from the creation of nuclear materials for weapons through deployment and retirement of weapons to the final disposition of the materials. (3) Mechanisms for making declarations. (4) Risks and benefits to be derived from declarations. (5) Possibilities for supporting evidence or verification.

Sutcliffe, W.G.

1994-02-15

23

Avoiding the {open_quotes}definition{close_quotes} pitfall to a comprehensive test ban  

SciTech Connect

Recently approved US legislation and a new US administration have brought an end to 12 years of American opposition to a comprehensive test ban (CTB). Signed by President Bush on October 2, 1992, the new law imposes a moratorium on US nuclear tests until July and possibly longer, permits up to 15 nuclear tests to improve the safety and reliability of nuclear weapons from the end of this moratorium until October 1996, and prohibits US tests after that unless another country tests. It also calls on the president to submit a plan for resumption of negotiations to end testing. President Bill Clinton, in his February 12, 1993 letter to Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell (D-ME) supporting this legislation, said his administration was now reviewing questions {open_quotes}of forum and modalities for negotiating a CTB...{close_quotes} Moreover, Presidents Clinton and Boris Yeltsin, at their April summit in Vancouver, {open_quotes}agreed that negotiations on a multilateral nuclear test ban should commence at an early date.{close_quotes}

Bunn, G.; Timerbaev, R.

1993-05-01

24

Healey motorsports` amazing {open_quotes}1 valve{close_quotes} racing Healey  

SciTech Connect

Recently, the 22 foot, chisel shaped, electric racing vehicle {open_quotes}Powertron/QuickCable Spirit of San Antonio I{close_quotes} set a new world speed record in the class-3 under 1500 pound electric vehicle class. Lloyd Healey, the designer, builder, and driver of the streamlined electric car; set the record at the Bonneville Salt flats with an averaged speed of 129.354 mph. The car was built with a Cr-Mo frame, aluminum outer skin, and a handmade fiberglass nose piece. The car is capable of carrying twenty-four Type-31 truck lead acid batteries or thirty Type-34 car batteries. The car is powered by an 11 inch General Electric DC series wound motor that produces both high torque and horsepower. The racing team hopes to break the 200-mph mark, with some unofficial times already set above 150-mph.

NONE

1995-02-01

25

Mechanisms influencing {open_quotes}hot-wire{close_quotes} deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon  

SciTech Connect

Intrinsic hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) has been deposited using a hot tungsten filament in pure silane to drive the deposition chemistry{emdash}the {open_quotes}hot-wire{close_quotes} deposition method. The electronic and infrared properties of the film have been measured as a function of deposition parameters, leading to three principal conclusions. First, to obtain a high quality material, the Si atoms evaporated from the filament (distance L from the substrate) must react with silane (density n{sub s}) before reaching the substrate; this requires n{sub s}L greater than a critical value. Second, radical-radical reactions cause deterioration of film properties at high values of G(n{sub s}L),{sup 3} where G is the film growth rate; this requires G(n{sub s}L){sup 3} less than a critical value. Finally, the film quality is a function of G, and as G is increased the substrate temperature must be correspondingly increased to obtain high film quality. By optimizing these parameters, we have produced films with excellent electronic properties (e.g., ambipolar diffusion length {gt}200 nm) at {gt}5 nm/s deposition rate. Based on these insights, formulas are also given for optimizing film properties in multiple-filament geometries and in diluted silane. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Molenbroek, E.C.; Mahan, A.H. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Gallagher, A. [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)] [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)

1997-08-01

26

Containment technology at the {open_quotes}Griftpark{close_quotes} former MGP site in the Netherlands  

SciTech Connect

{open_quotes}Griftpark{close_quotes} is a former highly contaminated gasworks site of approximately 8 hectares situated in Utrecht (The Netherlands). The MGP site is contained by a vertical barrier wall made of a specific mixture of bentonite-concrete and underlying clay layers at depths of 50 to 60 m which are slowly permeable. The barrier wall is 80 cm thick, has an average depth of 64 m, a length of 1260 m and has a total surface area of approximately 70,000 m{sup 2}. The construction of the barrier wall took nearly three years, from 1993 to 1995, to complete and building costs approximated 35 million US$ whereas the total project costs amounted to more than 150 million US$ including water detoxification. Migration of contaminants in the soil strata is successfully arrested by the construction of the barrier wall which was built conform NEN-ISO 9000/9001 standards. Wall permeability which was tested during a ten months period after construction demonstrates fully warranted reliability. This year a top layer will be installed consisting of an open insolation without foil. After placement of the top the site will be developed into a recreation park. Contaminant migration will permanently be monitored.

Vries, P.W. de [De Vries Consultancy & Project Mangement, Amersfoort (Netherlands); Viveen, B. [Heidemij Advies BV, Arnhem (Netherlands)

1997-12-31

27

Myth-building: The [open quotes]Islamic[close quotes] bomb  

SciTech Connect

The [open quotes]Islamic Bomb[close quotes] is roughly understood to be a nuclear weapon aquired for broad ideological reasons--a weapon that supposedly belongs to the Muslim [ital ummah] or community and, as such, is the ultimate expression of Islamic solidarity. Concern about the Islamic bomb is at the heart of the intense effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to Muslim countries. The official justification is a general one: proliferation must be curbed globally. But unofficially, the Islamic bomb gets special attention. The reasons behind this special attention are described in this article. The reasons include fear of terrorism, of a [ital jihad] willing to indiscriminately use nuclear weapons in hope of a reward in the Hereafter, and of the transfer of nuclear arms from nuclear to non-nuclear Muslim countries in times of crisis. Possibilities for controlling the proliferation of nuclear weapons in Muslim countries are addressed. Reasons are cited as to why various Muslim countries wish to acquire nuclear weapons.

Hoodbhoy, P. (Quadi-e-Azam Univ., Islamabad (Pakistan))

1993-06-01

28

Upper stage options for reusable launch vehicle {open_quotes}pop-up{close_quotes} missions  

SciTech Connect

Suborbital separation of an expendable upper stage from a small, single-stage Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) to transfer spacecraft into Geosynchronous Equatorial Orbit (GEO) was investigated and found to significantly increase spacecraft mass into GEO (over 400{percent}) although operational issues exist. An assessment of propulsion system options for this {open_quotes}Pop-Up{close_quotes} Mission was performed to determine the propellant combinations, stage configurations, and propulsion technologies that maximize spacecraft mass and minimize size. Propellants included earth and space storable combinations, cryogenic LH{sub 2}/LO{sub 2}, and Class 1.3 solids. Stage configurations employing cylindrical metal and overwrapped tanks, isogrid tanks, and toroidal tanks were considered. Non-toxic earth storable propellants provided comparable performance (5{endash}10{percent}) to existing storables while the use of pressure-fed engines gave about 15{percent} lower performance than pump-fed. Solid stage performance was within 5{percent} of existing storable propellants. Stages employing toroidal tanks packaged more efficiently in length constrained RLV payload bays than 4-cylindrical tank configurations, giving up to 30{percent} greater mass into GEO. The use of Extendable Exit Cones (EEC) for length constrained cases resulted in about 5{endash}10{percent} higher stage performance. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Eckmann, J.B.; Cotta, R.B. [Sparta Inc. Edwards AFB, California 93524 (United States); Matuszak, L.W.; Perkins, D.R. [Phillips Laboratory Edwards AFB, California 93524 (United States)

1997-01-01

29

{open_quotes}Accelerators and beams,{close_quotes} a multimedia tutorial  

SciTech Connect

We are developing a computer-based tutorial for charged-particle beam optics under a grant from the DOE. This subject is important to the DOE not only for its use in providing basic research tools but because the physics is the underpinning for accelerators used in industry and medicine. The tutorial, which will be delivered on Macintosh and Windows platforms, uses multimedia techniques to enhance the student{close_quote}s rate of learning and length of retention of the material. As such, it integrates our interactive On-Screen Laboratories{trademark} with hypertext, line drawings, photographs, animation, video, and sound. We are targeting an audience from technicians to graduate students in science and engineering. At this time we have about a fourth of the material (about equivalent to a one-semester three-credit-hour upper under-graduate physics course) available in prototype form. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Silbar, R.R. [WhistleSoft, Inc., 168 Dos Brazos, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

1997-02-01

30

NEDO {open_quotes}deep-seated geothermal resources survey{close_quotes} overview  

SciTech Connect

An overview of NEDO {open_quotes}Deep-Seated Geothermal Resources Survey{close_quotes} is presented in this paper. The research project aims to confirm the existing conditions of deep geothermal reservoirs located in basement and intrusive rocks underneath shallow reservoirs (over 2,000 m deep from the surface). A 4,000 m class drillhole, Wedge-1 (WD-1), which will be the deepest and hottest (over 350{degrees}C) well in Japan, is now being drilled at the Kakkonda geothermal field located in northern Honshu, Japan. WD-1 has reached a depth of 3,729 m with an 8 1/2 inch hole following efforts to minimize lost circulation on the way through to shallow reservoirs located approximately in depths between 1,600 m to 2,150 m. Ten conventional and three oriented cores have been taken to a depth of 3,729 m. The boundary between Tertiary and Pre-Tertiary exists at a depth of 2,729 m. Neo-granite considered to be a possible heat source of the field appears over a depth of 2,860 m. The first appearance of contact metamorphic minerals and assemblages has become a good indicator to predict the depth of neo-granite top. The latest investigation with a Formation Micro Imager (FMI) revealed that drilling induced fractures oriented towards E-W to ENE-WSW directions at a depth interval from 1,505 m to 2,550 m. This indicates that the stress field has not changed, at least from the surface to a depth of 2,550 m. The results of long-term micro-earthquake monitoring indicates the existence of deep fracture systems in the western part of the Kakkonda geothermal field.

Yagi, M.; Muraoka, H.; Miyazaki, S.

1995-12-31

31

The restructuring and future of {open_quotes}Mendelian Inheritance in Man{close_quotes} (MIM)  

SciTech Connect

Victor McKusick`s catalog {open_quotes}Mendelian Inheritance in Man{close_quotes} represents the most comprehensive compendum of human genetic disease information available today and has appeared as a series in book form for the last 30 years. The 11th edition will contain almost 7000 entries: approximately 2800 descriptions of human genetic disorders, 700 combined disorder/gene descriptions and 3500 pure gene descriptions. Until recently the content of the catalogs was maintained solely by McKusick with a support staff. However, a distributed editing system has now been established with the following primary components. New entries are initiated in Baltimore by science writers under the guidance of the senior editors and McKusick, following which the information is made immediately available to the public through online access. The subject editors can then review and edit the new or modified information without impeding the timeliness of entering new information. Entries are being reconstructured so that clinical disorder and gene information is divided into separate entries which will better represent the frequently complex relationship of gene mutations to individual clinical disorders in the data files. Further, each entry is being subdivided into logical topics which will enhance the power of electronic searching, making links between topics and improving readability. The old division of entries into autosomal dominant and recessive, etc., is being abandoned in favor of clinical disorder (phenotypes) and gene catalogs. The information is maintained in an SGML format which facilitates the production of many different types of output varying from the traditional book form to CD ROMs and various online formats including IRx, WAIS, Gopher and World Wide Web. This latter offers the exciting possibility of making hypertext links between entries and other data resources, including photographic, sound and video clips as part of the total MIM information.

Pearson, P.L.; Francomano, C.; Antonarakis, S. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01

32

[open quotes]Passing the test[close quotes] - Human behavior and California's smog check program  

SciTech Connect

We have analyzed data obtained from more than 11,000 vehicles inspected in California's random roadside surveys to assess the real-world characteristics of the in-use motor vehicle fleet and to test the effectiveness of California's inspection and maintenance (I/M) program. The low-idle emissions data from these surveys show that 10 percent of the fleet are responsible for about 60 percent of the exhaust hydrocarbons and also that 10 percent of the fleet (not necessarily the same vehicles) are responsible for about 60 percent of the carbon monoxide emissions. We also show that high emitters appear among all model years, and not just among old vehicles, as previously assumed. Old vehicles, on average, have higher idle emissions than new vehicles, but they contribute relatively little to the total idle emissions because there are so few on the road. We compare roadside survey results at I/M and non-I/M locations in California, and observe identical tampering and overall failure rates at the two types of locations. We also show that motorists are taking steps to [open quotes]pass the test,[close quotes] and that the high-emitting vehicles' idle-emissions performance and tampering rates in the roadside surveys are unaffected by the Smog Check test. These results imply that success in California's Smog Check program in reducing emissions will require consideration of human behavior and the attendant negative incentives inherent in the program as historically conceived. 29 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs.

Lawson, D.R. (Desert Research Inst., Reno, NV (United States))

1993-12-01

33

Final report for LDRD project {open_quotes}A new approach to protein function and structure prediction{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the research performed under the laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) grant {open_quotes}A new approach to protein function and structure prediction{close_quotes}, funded FY94-6. We describe the goals of the research, motivate and list our improvements to the state of the art in multiple sequence alignment and phylogeny (evolutionary tree) construction, but leave technical details to the six publications resulting from this work. At least three algorithms for phylogeny construction or tree consensus have been implemented and used by researchers outside of Sandia.

Phillips, C.A.

1997-03-01

34

CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and  

E-print Network

CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality M. H. Sherman, I ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American, it is necessary to have a method for determining equivalence in terms of either ventilation or indoor air quality

35

Quick Quotes NZX 50 4084.44 0.00  

E-print Network

Quick Quotes NZX 50 4084.44 0.00 ASX 200 6185.20 96.70 Home Search Stock Guru Game News Latest News Community Forum Old Forum Old Message Boards Resources NZX Weekly Diary IPOs & Capital Raisings Boardroom hopes to finalise its new building code before Christmas and at stake is New Zealand timber access

36

400 Quotable Quotes from the World's Leading Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book represents a showcase of thoughts on important education issues by groundbreakers such as Dewey, Montessori, and Bloom as well as contemporary educators like Fullan, Glasser, and Lambert. The reader will find a wealth of subjects, indexed under dozens of pertinent headings. Included are: (1) Inspirational quotes to apply to any project…

Sennett, Frank

2004-01-01

37

New York Times BanxQuote Banking Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This no-nonsense site, provided by the New York Times and BanxQuote, provides daily U.S. national, regional, and state information on mortgage, home equity, auto, credit card, and student loan rates, and bank deposit yields. National and regional data are compiled from averages, and state data contain the three biggest institutions in each state.

1996-01-01

38

Intellectual capital in the quoted Turkish ITC sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to apply Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC™) of Pulic to compare quoted information technology and communication companies on the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE), in terms of intellectual capital efficiency. This study also examines VAIC™, and its components' impact on company performance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Multiple regression analysis was employed to identify the variables

Fethi Calisir; Cigdem Altin Gumussoy; A. Elvan Bayraktaro?lu; Ece Deniz

2010-01-01

39

Quotable Quotes on the Value of Language Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quotations about the importance of and need for foreign language teaching and learning by well-known U. S. politicians, college and university presidents, religious leaders, and government officials are presented. Those quoted include: (1) J. M. Leslie; (2) E. Nyquist; (3) J. M. Hester; (4) C. B. Saunders; (5) L. White, Jr.; (6) H. Humphrey; (7)…

Language Association Bulletin, 1974

1974-01-01

40

The {open_quotes}Command and Control{close_quotes} philosophy of the Communist party of China  

SciTech Connect

China`s central political authorities have constructed a system which is designed to enable them to exert their personal influence and control over each level of every organization in the country -- both civil and military. The Communist Party of China (CPC) is represented at all levels of each and every organization, including the People`s Liberation Army (PLA). These Party entities are intended to both provide oversight and to ensure that Party policies, directives and orders are obeyed. This penchant for political control, which may have its roots in China`s imperial past, appears to have been reinforced by the early developmental path chosen by the Party`s leadership. Current attempts aimed at maintaining political control of its resources, especially the military, are embodied in the formal system of {open_quotes}Political Work.{close_quotes} In the PLA, this system of political control results in the involvement of political organs in day-to-day military matters to an extent unheard of in the West. Further work is needed in order to understand, more fully, both the system of {open_quotes}Political Work{close_quotes} and its contributions to the overall military (and civil) command and control philosophic of the Communist Party of China.

Kominiak, G.J.; Eisenberger, J.C.; Menaul, K.L. [and others

1996-01-01

41

Deposition of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} radon daughters in models of human nasal and oral airways  

SciTech Connect

In order to estimate accurately an effective dose equivalent for exposures to radon daughters, knowledge of their deposition in the lung is required. However, the nose and mouth are effective filters for removing aerosol particles, especially in the range of sizes of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} radon daughters. Therefore, it is equally important to have reliable data on deposition in this region of the respiratory tract. We will describe our work in studying nasal and oral deposition of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} radon daughters in casts of these airways. Several hollow casts of adult and child nasal and oral airways were fabricated at The John Hopkins University from layers of Perspect{trademark} (an acrylic plastic). The shapes of the airway passages were obtained from nuclear magnetic resonance sectional images of healthy subjects. The casts were exposed to radon gas and daughters produced by flushing filtered air through a commercially available {sup 226}Ra source. The gas stream was drawn through a 1.4-L cylindrical tube to allow measurable growth of {sup 218}Po activity before it was passed through casts of both nasal passages or the oral cavity. The deposition of {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} {sup 218}Po was measured by comparing the activity collected on filters mounted in series and in parallel with a cast. Measurements were made at various flow rates (Q; 4 to 20 L min{sup -1}). The diffusion coefficient (D) of {sup 218}Po was measured each time the flow rate was changed, by replacing the cast with a stainless steel gauze screen and measuring the activity penetrating the screen. The measured diffusion coefficient ranged from 0.02 to 0.05 cm{sup 2} s{sup -1} and was found to vary with the residence time of {sup 218}Po in the growth tube. The deposition efficiency ({eta}) of {sup 218}Po measured in these casts ranged from 50 to 70%, and was similar to values we found previously, using casts of nasal and oral airways from cadavers.

Strong, J.C. [National Radiobiological Protection Board, Chilton, Didcot (United Kingdom); Swift, D.L. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)

1992-12-31

42

Depositional environment and distribution of Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica to West Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica, western and eastern Venezuela, and Trinidad were studied using organic and inorganic geochemistry, biostratigraphy, and sedimentology in order to determine their depositional environments. Bulk mineralogy and major element geochemistry for 304 samples were combined with Rock Eval data and extract biomaker analysis to infer the types and distributions of the various

R. N. Erlich; Z. Sofer; L. M. Pratt; S. E. Palmer

1993-01-01

43

Report on {open_quotes}inspection of human subject research in intelligence and intelligence-related projects{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Executive Order 12333, {open_quotes}United States Intelligence Activities,{close_quotes} (1) designates the Department`s intelligence element as a member of the Intelligence Community, and (2) states that no agency within the Intelligence community shall sponsor, contract for or conduct research on human subjects except in accordance with guidelines issued by the Department of Health and Human Services. The Federal policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, which was based on Department of Health and Human Services regulations, was promulgated in Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 745 by the Department of Energy. The purpose of this inspection was to review the internal control procedures used by the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security to manage selected intelligence and intelligence-related projects that involve human subject research.

NONE

1996-01-16

44

Preparative purification of Trichoderma reesei native and {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} cellobiohydrolase I by electrophoresis and chromatofocusing  

SciTech Connect

The enzymes present in the cellulose complex produced by the fungus Trichoderma reesei have been the subject of considerable attention in consequence of their potential for converting cellulosic materials into glucose for further use in fermentation processes. Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I) is the major component of crude commercial fungal cellulose preparations and catalyzes the conversion of insoluble cellulose into cellobiose. The primary structure of CBH I is known, and its tertiary structure, deduced from small-angle X-ray scattering studies, takes the shape of a tadpole with a catalytic head region known as {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} CBH I and a C-terminal cellulose-binding tail region. Removal of the tail can be accomplished with the protease papain, resulting in reduced activity towards insoluble substrates but unchanged activity towards soluble substrates.

Offord, D.A.; Lee, N.E.; Woodward, J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1991-12-31

45

Absence of {lambda} immunoglobulin sequences on the supernumerary chromosome of the {open_quotes}cat eye{close_quotes} syndrome  

SciTech Connect

The supernumerary bisatellited chromosome causing the {open_quotes}cat eye{close_quotes} syndrome (CES) is of chromosome 22 origin and consists of an inverted duplication of the 22pter{r_arrow}22q11.2 region. To determine the extent of involvement of band q11.2 on the bisatellited chromosome, copy number assessment of sequences homologous to cloned {lambda} immunoglobulin ({lambda} Ig) gene region probes was carried out on DNA from individuals with CES using densitometric analysis of Southern blots. None of the 10 {lambda} Ig sequences studied was found in increased copy number in DNA from any of the 10 CES individuals tested, indicating that these sequences are not present on the supernumerary chromosome. The breakpoints involved in the generation of the bisatellited supernumerary chromosome associated with CES are therefore proximal to the {lambda} Ig gene region. 20 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Hough, C.A.; White, B.N.; Holden, J.J.A. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada)

1995-09-11

46

{open_quotes}Full steam ahead{close_quotes} (a historical review of geothermal power development in the Philippines)  

SciTech Connect

The Philippine geothermal energy development is now considered in a state of maturity. After more than 20 years of geothermal experience, the total geothermal installed capacity in the Philippines reached 1,455 MW (1996) or about 12% of the total installed power plant capacity. This also enabled the Philippines to become the second largest producer of geothermal energy in the world. The country`s track record in harnessing geothermal energy is considered a revelation, as it continues with its vision of {open_quotes}full steam ahead{close_quotes}, originally conceived when commercial geothermal operation started in 1973. It is thus proper and timely to refer to historical highlights and experiences in geothermal energy development for planning and implementation of the country`s geothermal energy program.

Gazo, F.M.

1997-12-31

47

American Film Institute releases list of top movie quotes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The sheer volume of "top" and "best" lists should never be viewed as indicative that an inordinate amount of so-called "objective" research has been done to arrive at a logical hierarchy that will effectively squelch debate on any given topic. Released earlier this week, the American Film Institute's list of the top 100 movie quotes (as voted on by 1,500 persons in the entertainment industry) will no doubt generate much haranguing among the general movie-going populace and film critics and pundits everywhere. In fact, director and CEO of the American Film Institute, Jean Picker Firstenberg, remarked "We expect nothing less than a war of words as we reignite interest in classic American movies". The quote at the top of the list was the famous retort to Gone With the Wind's Scarlett O'Hara (as played by Vivien Leigh) offered by Rhett Butler (as played by Clark Gable), where he opines, "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn." Overall, Humphrey Bogart has ten quotes on the ballot, and Al Pacino and the Marx Brothers each follow with six quotes each.The first link will take visitors to a news story from the Boston Globe on the release of the AFI list this past Tuesday. The second link will take users to a webpage created by the AFI that features the entire list and a short clip from the film Mrs. Miniver. The third link leads to a trenchant opinion piece from the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review (authored by film critic Ed Blank) that offers some informed commentary on the current state of writing for films and the problems of increasingly short attention spans. The fourth link leads to a very fine audio feature from NPR's All Things Considered which discusses the very phenomenon of the "top 100"-styled lists that seem to be everywhere in the world of pop culture. The fifth link leads to a very nice selection of trivia about the film Gone with the Wind, as offered by the Internet Movie Database site. While Orson Welles's immortal line "Rosebud" from the film Citizen Kane only made it to number seventeen on the AFI's recent list, the sixth site offers a very different perspective on this auteur. On this site, visitors can watch Welles attempt to make it through one of his legendary (or more accurately, infamous) television advertisements for Paul Masson wine.

48

Projection space image reconstruction using strip functions to calculate pixels more {open_quotes}natural{close_quotes} for modelling the geometric response of the SPECT collimator  

SciTech Connect

The spatially varying geometric response of the collimator-detector system in SPECT produces loss in resolution in addition to shape distortions, reconstructed density non-uniformity, and quantitative inaccuracies. A projection space image reconstruction with projectors that use strip functions to calculate pixels more {open_quotes}natural{close_quotes} for modeling the geometric response of the SPECT collimator is used to correct these reconstruction artifacts. Two projection models were evaluated for modeling the system geometric response function. For one projector each strip is of equal weight, whereas for the other a Gaussian weighting is used. Fan beam projection of a physical Hoffman brain phantom was used to evaluate the geometric response correction. Reconstructions produced by the two proposed projectors showed improved resolution when compared against a unit-strip {open_quotes}natural{close_quotes} pixel model and the filtered backprojection algorithm.

Hsieh, Yu-Lung; Zeng, G.L.; Gullberg, G.T. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1996-12-31

49

Nuclear power meets the 101st Congress, a {open_quotes}one-act{close_quotes} comedy: Regulation of Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensees under the Clean Air Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977, Congress directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate all radioactive pollutants, including those emitted from facilities licensed and regulated under the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Thus began the era of so-called {open_quotes}dual regulation.{close_quotes} Thirteen years later, that era ended with the passage of section 112(d)(9)

1992-01-01

50

A Sixteen Journal Study of Accuracy of Direct Quotes and Associated Reference List Entries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the nature and frequency of faults and errors in reference list entries and direct quotes selected from all 1988 issues of 16 social and biological science journals. All departures from the original (additions, omissions, or changes) were labelled as either a word or punctuation deviation. Of the 402 quotes verified, 33.33%…

White, Arden; And Others

51

Environmentally weighted recycling quotes-better justifiable and environmentally more correct  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new approach in calculating recycling quotes. The different material fractions of a product are weighed on an environmental basis: environmentally weighted recycling quotes (EWRQ). They reflect accurately how much of the product is actually recovered in environmental terms and what the environmental impact of end-of-life treatment itself is. For the determination of EWRQ, the recovery percentage

Jaco Huisman; Casper Boks; Ab Stevels

2000-01-01

52

[open quotes]Fingerprints[close quotes] approach to the identification of anthropogenic trace metal sources in the nearshore and estuarine environments  

SciTech Connect

The problem of source identification of anthropogenic pollutants in a local marine environment has been intensively studied during the last two decades. Recently we have started intensively using an approach, called by us the [open quotes]fingerprints[close quotes] approach, for tracing anthropogenic pollutant sources and for the description of various geochemical and chemical processes related to contamination by anthropogenic heavy metals in the marine environment. This approach was based on the assumption that if anthropogenic pollutants for any particular area had originated from the same source, then the pairwise relationships between the concentrations of these pollutants in sediments from various stations in the contaminated area would be linear. The discussed approach was applied to the case study of heavy metal contamination of the estuarine environment of the Kishon River (Israel). The [open quotes]fingerprints[close quotes] approach can be successfully used for source contamination assessments even when there is significant trace metal fractionation or sediment fractionation in an area under study. However, in these cases this approach should be applied to each sediment fraction separately. The distribution of various heavy metal [open quotes]fingerprints[close quotes] for sediments from the case study of the Kishon River estuary and from the marine area close to the estuary have been used for the explanation of heavy metal redistribution on Kishon sediments consisting of a high fraction of anthropogenic fluorite after the contact of these sediments with seawater. 23 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Krumgalz, B.S. (National Institute of Oceanography, Tel Shikmona, Haifa (Israel))

1993-12-01

53

Belgian experience in applying the {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} concept to the primary loop piping  

SciTech Connect

The Leak Before Break (LBB) concept allows to eliminate from the design basis the double-ended guillotine break of the primary loop piping, provided it can be demonstrated by a fracture mechanics analysis that a through-wall flaw, of a size giving rise to a leakage still well detectable by the plant leak detection systems, remains stable even under accident conditions (including the Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE)). This concept was successfully applied to the primary loop piping of several Belgian Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) units, operated by the Utility Electrabel. One of the main benefits is to permit justification of supports in the primary loop and justification of the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel and internals in case of a Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in stretch-out conditions. For two of the Belgian PWR units, the LBB approach also made it possible to reduce the number of large hydraulic snubbers installed on the primary coolant pumps. Last but not least, the LBB concept also facilitates the steam generator replacement operations, by eliminating the need for some pipe whip restraints located close to the steam generator. In addition to the U.S. regulatory requirements, the Belgian safety authorities impose additional requirements which are described in details in a separate paper. An novel aspect of the studies performed in Belgium is the way in which residual loads in the primary loop are taken into account. Such loads may result from displacements imposed to close the primary loop in a steam generator replacement operation, especially when it is performed using the {open_quote}two cuts{close_quotes} technique. The influence of such residual loads on the LBB margins is discussed in details and typical results are presented.

Gerard, R.; Malekian, C.; Meessen, O. [Tractebel Energy Engineering, Brussels (Belgium)

1997-04-01

54

Variations in sour gas concentrations in the NSB [open quote]A[close quote] field, offshore north Sumatra  

SciTech Connect

Sour gas concentrations in DST samples from the NSB [open quote]A[close quote] field show wide variations. This can be observed in tests from different wells, different tests from the same well and different samples from the same test. H[sub 2]S measurements show the most obvious variations, from less than 0.5% to greater than 5%. CO[sub 2] measurements also vary beyond normal sampling or analytical errors. Geological considerations suggest that these variations are not controlled by subsurface reservoir properties. DST rate and volume data suggest that variations in sour gas concentrations are controlled by the production of formation water. Minimum sour gas concentrations occur in DST samples with water production rates which match those predicted for water vapor condensation. Elevated SW gas concentrations occur in DST's in which produced water either exceeds or falls short of water vapor condensation predictions. In the case of excess water production, the source of the elevated sour gas concentrations is clear. Formation water in equilibrium with a gas phase containing the minimum sour gas concentration, 28% CO[sub 2] and 0.5% HA would contain a dissolved gas with 80% CO[sub 2] and 10% H[sub 2]S. Exsolution of this dissolved gas during DST operations would result in substantial increases in sour gas concentrations. In tests with water deficits, it is probable that liquids are being trapped in the subsurface, but this cannot be proved. These observations have been extended to a database on sour gas concentrations in north Sumatra and have had a substantial impact on assessments of the exploration and resource potential of this area.

Reaves, C.M. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States))

1996-01-01

55

Variations in sour gas concentrations in the NSB {open_quote}A{close_quote} field, offshore north Sumatra  

SciTech Connect

Sour gas concentrations in DST samples from the NSB {open_quote}A{close_quote} field show wide variations. This can be observed in tests from different wells, different tests from the same well and different samples from the same test. H{sub 2}S measurements show the most obvious variations, from less than 0.5% to greater than 5%. CO{sub 2} measurements also vary beyond normal sampling or analytical errors. Geological considerations suggest that these variations are not controlled by subsurface reservoir properties. DST rate and volume data suggest that variations in sour gas concentrations are controlled by the production of formation water. Minimum sour gas concentrations occur in DST samples with water production rates which match those predicted for water vapor condensation. Elevated SW gas concentrations occur in DST`s in which produced water either exceeds or falls short of water vapor condensation predictions. In the case of excess water production, the source of the elevated sour gas concentrations is clear. Formation water in equilibrium with a gas phase containing the minimum sour gas concentration, 28% CO{sub 2} and 0.5% HA would contain a dissolved gas with 80% CO{sub 2} and 10% H{sub 2}S. Exsolution of this dissolved gas during DST operations would result in substantial increases in sour gas concentrations. In tests with water deficits, it is probable that liquids are being trapped in the subsurface, but this cannot be proved. These observations have been extended to a database on sour gas concentrations in north Sumatra and have had a substantial impact on assessments of the exploration and resource potential of this area.

Reaves, C.M. [Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-12-31

56

Global climate change - the United Nations FCCC, {open_quotes}Berlin Mandate{close_quotes}, COP-2, and electric utilities  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 100 years, there has been a steady increase in man-made emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs, such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and most halogenated substances) due to human activities including combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation. Scientific studies suggest that these emissions are contributing to increases in atmospheric concentrations of GHGs which in turn, cause an enhanced greenhouse effect by trapping more of the sun`s energy leading to global climate change. Recently, a consensus position has emerged among the scientific community that man-made GHG emissions appear to be contributing to global climate change. Based on that finding, United States representative, Under Secretary of State Tim Wirth stated at the July 1996 meeting of the {open_quotes}Conference of Parties{close_quotes} (COP) of the FCCC, that global voluntary efforts to meet the GHG emission reduction goal have failed He called for the COP to expedite ongoing international negotiations toward establishing (in 1997) medium-term, realistic, legally-binding GHG emission targets and implementation schedules for each country. Setting a legally binding GHG emission target would have significant impacts on the nation, and especially on the electric utility sector. This article provides a general overview of the United States and international efforts toward implementing the FCCC and their potential impacts on the utility industry. A future article is anticipated to address an update on the international negotiations and their potential impacts on other sectors of the U.S. economy, and the rapidly growing GHG emissions from developing countries such as China and India.

Mathai, C.V. [Arizona Public Service Co., Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-12-31

57

{open_quotes}Spectator{close_quotes} modes in resonance-driven reactions: Three-dimensional quantum calculations of HOCO resonances  

SciTech Connect

We have performed three-degree-of-freedom quantum calculations of HOCO resonances by using a complex potential method. The coordinates we consider are the OH internuclear distance, the CO internuclear distance, and the distance between the centers of mass of the OH and CO fragments. The reduced dimensionality potential has been constructed by adding the nonreactive {open_quotes}spectator{close_quotes} CO coordinate to the previous two-degree-of-freedom potential of Schatz and Dyck [G. C. Schatz and J. Dyck, Chem. Phys. Lett. {bold 188}, 11 (1992)] using a Shepard-type interpolation procedure. The positions and lifetimes of more than two hundred resonances are calculated and approximate quantum numbers are assigned. The results are compared with previous two-degree-of-freedom calculations where the CO-stretch mode has not been considered. The appearance of a new group of narrow resonances with a significant CO stretch contribution is reported. The results are tested against the vibrational shifting approximation in which the spectator CO mode is treated adiabatically. The latter is shown to be insufficient for quantitative predictions of resonance positions and widths, however averaged positions and widths are reasonably well described. The rotational shifting approximation is tested by performing the adiabatic rotation calculations of resonances for J=1, K=0 and J=1, K=1 cases, where J is the total angular momentum and K is the body-fixed projection quantum number of a symmetric top. Rotational shifting is shown to work better for K=0 case than for K=1 case. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Dzegilenko, F.N.; Bowman, J.M. [Department of Chemistry and Cherry L. Emerson Center for Scientific Computation, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Cherry L. Emerson Center for Scientific Computation, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322 (United States)

1998-01-01

58

Fragile X {open_quotes}gray zone{close_quotes} alleles: AGG patterns, expansion risks, and associated haplotypes  

SciTech Connect

The risk for fragile X {open_quotes}gray-zone{close_quotes} alleles to expand appears to depend on the absence of stabilizing AGGs, which interrupt the CGG repeat region. To characterize such alleles better, we analyzed a series of 101 chromosomes with triplet repeat lengths ranging from 35 to 59 for variations in their AGG interspersion patterns. Among these, 11.9% had 3 AGGs, 59.3%, had 2, 24.8% had 1, and 4.0% had 0. An inverse relationship between FMR1 repeat length and the number of interrupting AGGs was observed. Within the range of 35-44 repeats, 98.7% of alleles were found to have a pure CGG repeat length (P{sub CGG}) of less than 33. However, among alleles with 45-59 repeats, 50% were found to have 0 or 1 AGG and a P{sub CGG} of more than 33. Thus, gray-zone alleles with 45-59 repeats frequently have a long stretch of pure CGGs and thus are more likely to be unstably inherited than alleles with 35-44 repeats. We found length associations of P{sub GCC} with 2 flanking microsatellites, DXS548 and FRAXAC 1: a P{sub CGG} < 20 was strongly associated with haplotype 20-19, whereas a P{sub GCC} > 20 was more strongly associated with the haplotype 25-21. This result could reflect a founder effect or a generalized instability of CGGs and microsatellites. 28 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Zhong, Nan; Ju, Weina; Pietrofesa, J. [New York State Institute for Basic Research, Staten Island, NY (United States)] [and others] [New York State Institute for Basic Research, Staten Island, NY (United States); and others

1996-08-09

59

{open_quotes}Bubble fusion{close_quotes}: Preliminary estimates of spherical micro-implosions in cavitating liquids  

SciTech Connect

Liquids irradiated with intense ultrasonic waves can generate small cavities or bubbles. Upon nonlinear expansion to a state of disequilibrium, wherein the externally imposed hydrostatic pressure far exceeds that of entrapped non-condensable gas, these bubbles undergo a rapid and violent collapse. This collapse, if symmetric, can generate high pressures and temperatures through a number of possible mechanisms. The simplest and oldest explanation suggests a focusing of the kinetic energy of all the surrounding liquid onto the collapsing bubble and the subsequent heating of entrapped gases under either adiabatic or isothermal conditions. Although induced by externally imposed millisecond pressure oscillations, these collapses can occur on sub-microsecond timescales and are accompanied by picosecond light emissions; this combination of sound and light is called sonoluminescence. Recent explanations of observed high temperatures and picosecond radiation pulses accompanying such collapses are based on the interaction of multiple shock waves that are launched off the inward cavity wall. Other potential explanations invoke dipole emissions induced by intermolecular collisions or the release of Casimir energy when a dielectric hole is filled. Conjectures have been made that the processes responsible for sonoluminescence may be extended to generated conditions where thermonuclear fusion might occur. Such an achievement would extend scientific interest in sonoluminescence out of a purely chemical context to include the study of matter subjected to more extreme conditions. The main goal of this {open_quotes}scoping{close_quotes} study is to understand better conditions where deuterium-tritium fusion might be observed in conjunction with micro-implosions in cavitating liquids; prognoses of fusion application at this point are unintended.

Krakowski, R.A.

1995-02-01

60

The $S^1$ fixed points in Quot-schemes and mirror principle computations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the $S^1$-action on the Quot-scheme $\\\\Quot({\\\\cal E}^n)$ associated to the trivial bundle ${\\\\cal E}^n=CP^1\\\\times{\\\\smallBbb C}^n$. In particlular, the topology of the $S^1$-fixed-point components in $\\\\Quot({\\\\cal E}^n)$ and the $S^1$-weights of the normal bundle of these components are worked out. Mirror Principle, as developed by three of the current authors in the series of work [L-L-Y1, I, II, III,

Bong H. Lian; Chien-Hao Liu; Kefeng Liu; Shing-Tung Yau

2001-01-01

61

To Grow from Who We Are: Children's Quotes Collected by Dr. F. Scott Regan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains the work of six children's theatres. Includes information from interviews of youths from around the country who were involved in theatre programs and projects. Lists quotes from children interviewed. (PM)

Regan, F. Scott

2003-01-01

62

Deposition of high quality a-Si films by an innovative {open_quotes}Hot Wire{close_quotes} CVD technique  

SciTech Connect

For the {open_quotes}Hot Wire{close_quotes} chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) method to be applicable for photovoltaic applications certain critical technical issues need to be addressed and resolved such as, lifetime of the filaments used, reproducibility, large area demonstration of the material and stable devices. We have developed a new approach which addresses some of these problems, specifically longevity of the filaments and reproducibility of the materials produced. This new technique does not seem to introduce contaminants into the materials from the source and can produce high quality amorphous Silicon (intrinsic and doped) and intrinsic microcrystalline silicon films. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Xi, J.; Morrison, S.; Coates, K.; Madan, A. [MVSystems Inc., Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

1999-03-01

63

{open_quotes}Anomalous peak effect{close_quotes} - is it indicative of a generalized Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state?  

SciTech Connect

Dilatometric and magnetic studies on single crystals of the high-{kappa} superconductors UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3} and CeRu{sub 2} reveal a spontaneous increase of the volume-pinning force at high magnetic fields of more than one order of magnitude. This {open_quotes}anomalous peak effect{close_quotes} was claimed to be a signature of a new staggered high-field superconducting order parameter. We will review the recent developments and discuss alternative explanations.

Modler, R.

1996-10-01

64

Induction of transcription of {open_quotes}Immediate early genes{close_quotes} by low-dose ionizing radiation  

SciTech Connect

The induction of transition of specific genes after exposure to ionizing radiation has previously been reported after lethal doses of radiation (2-50 Gy). Little attention has been focused on expression of {open_quotes}immediate early genes{close_quotes} after low doses of ionizing radiation, where cell viability remains high. This dose range (0.25-2.0 Gy) is above the diagnostic dose level but at or below the doses typical for a single exposure in fractionated radiotherapy treatment of cancer. In this study, it was observed that doses in the range of 0.25-2.0 Gy induced different amounts of the mRNAs of the proto-oncogenes c-fos, c-jun, c-myc and c-Ha-ras at a given dose and time in Epstein-Barr virus-transformed human lymphoblastoid 244B cells. A maximum response was seen after a dose of 0.5 Gy for all but c-fos, which showed a maximum response after exposure to 0.25 Gy. Time-course studies demonstrated that the induction was transient, reaching a maximum at 1 h and declining to the constitutive level at 4 h after irradiation. Using second-messenger specific inhibitors, the signaling pathways involved in the induction of these proto-oncogenes was also investigated. The results showed that all four of the proto-oncogenes induced after 0.5 Gy shared a common pathway of tyrosine kinase activation. Other signaling pathways included protein kinase C, reactive oxygen intermediates and calcium-dependent kinases; these were found to be differentially involved in the induction of transcription of the individual proto-oncogenes. In summary, this study suggests that low-dose ionizing radiation (0.25-2.0 Gy) can modulate expression of immediate early genes. Secondly, the activation of immediate early genes after low-dose exposure involves multiple second-messenger signaling pathways. Third, the magnitude of involvement of the different signaling pathways after low-dose radiation is different for each proto-oncogene expressed. 43 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Prasad, A.V.; Mohan, N.; Chandrasekar, B.; Meltz, M.L. [Univ. of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-09-01

65

Did the Mississippian Lodgepole buildup at Dickinson Field (North Dakota) form as a gas seep ({open_quotes}vent{close_quotes}) community?  

SciTech Connect

The Lower Mississippian Lodgepole carbonate buildup reservoir at Dickinson Field in Stark County, North Dakota, has been widely reported as being a Waulsortian (or Waulsortian-like) mound. The term {open_quotes}Waulsortian mound{close_quotes} is used for a variety of Early Mississippian carbonate buildups that share a number of features including an abundance of carbonate mud, a {open_quotes}framework{close_quotes} of organisms such as fenestrate bryozoans and crinoids that tended to trap or baffle sediment, and a general absence of marine-cemented reef framework. Although the age of the Lodgepole mound at Dickinson Field qualifies it to be a Waulsortian mound, petrographic study of cores reveals that the reservoir rocks are quite unlike those in true Waulsortian mounds. Instead of being dominated by carbonate mud, the Lodgepole mound core is dominated by marine cement. Furthermore, ostracods and microbial limestones are common in the mound core where they occur with crinoid debris and small amounts of bryozoan, coral, and brachiopod debris. The abundant microbial limestones and marine cement indicate that the Dickinson mound formed as a lithified reef on the sea floor rather than as a Waulsortian mud mound. The microbial limestones, marine cement, and common ostracods in the mount core, and the fact that the mound nucleated almost directly o top of the Bakken Shale, suggest that the Dickinson Lodgepole mound formed at the site of a submarine spring and gas seep.

Longman, M.W.

1996-10-01

66

{open_quotes}Horizontal{close_quotes} gene transfer from a transgenic potato line to a bacterial pathogen (Erwinia chrysanthemi) occurs - if at all - at an extremely low frequency  

SciTech Connect

The frequency of possible {open_quotes}horizontal{close_quotes} gene transfer between a plant and a tightly associated bacterial pathogen was studied in a model system consisting of transgenic Solanum tuberosum, containing a {beta}-lactamase gene linked to a pBR322 origin of replication, and Erwinia chrysanthemi. This experimental system offers optimal conditions for the detection of possible horizontal gene transfer events, even when they occur at very low frequency. Horizontal gene transfer was not detected under conditions mimicking a {open_quotes}natural{close_quotes} infection. The gradual, stepwise alteration of artificial, positive control conditions to idealized natural conditions, however, allowed the characterization of factors that affected gene transfer, and revealed a gradual decrease of the gene transfer frequency from 6.3 x 10{sup -2} under optimal control conditions to a calculated 2.0 x 10{sub -17} under idealized natural conditions. These data, in combination with other published studies, argue that horizontal gene transfer is so rare as to be essentially irrelevant to any realistic assessment of the risk involved in release experiments involving transgenic plants. 22 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Schlueter, K.; Fuetterer, J.; Potrykus, I. [Institute of Plant Sciences, Zuerich (Switzerland)] [Institute of Plant Sciences, Zuerich (Switzerland)

1995-10-01

67

Review of the NAS/NRC report: {open_quotes}Groundwater at Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?{close_quotes}. Special report No. 1  

SciTech Connect

There are three basic and serious problems that produce disagreement with the conclusions and recommendations of the Academy report entitled {open_quotes}Groundwater at Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?{close_quotes}. These are: First, the report ignores a considerable body of critical data relating to the ages and nature of hydrothermal alterations at the site; second, many of the strong conclusions expressed in the report are not reasonably supported by the evidence presented and, in some cases, are inconsistent with data and results available to the committee but which are not cited or used by them; and finally, there are statements describing field relationships and data that are not consistent with the facts or are made in such a way as to be misleading.

Archambeau, C.B.

1992-12-01

68

Multiple recurrence of trisomy 21 in two Bedouin families: Parental gonadal mosaicism or {open_quotes}aneuploidy{close_quotes} gene effect?  

SciTech Connect

Two unrelated multiplex Down syndrome families is reported in Kuwait among the highly inbred population with Bedouin ancestors. Each family showed recurrent aneuploidies in three sibs with regular trisomy 21. Recurrent regular trisomy 21 in two or more siblings of healthy, normal parents (parental age <35 years) occurs rarely. Several possible etiological factors for recurrent aneuploidy have been suggested. The recurrence risks for regular trisomy 21 based on livebirth and prenatal diagnosis data were estimated at 1% - 2% for young women. However, there are no estimates for multiple recurrence of regular trisomy 21 in the young parents (<35 years). Clustering of trisomy 21 and trisomy 18 have been observed in Bedouin tribal population. The possibility of parental gonadal mosaicism and/or a possibility of an {open_quotes}aneuploidy gene{close_quotes} effect should be considered in practical genetic counselling of families with multiple recurrence of trisomy 21.

Farag, T.I.; Murthy, D.S.K. [Kuwait Medical Genetics Centre, Sulibikhat (Kuwait)

1994-09-01

69

Low-speed limit of Bohr{close_quote}s stopping-power formula  

SciTech Connect

Bohr{close_quote}s classical (nonrelativistic) model of charged-particle stopping is evaluated explicitly for arbitrary values of projectile charge and speed. This removes the logarithmic cutoff from the original expression and generates a stopping formula which can be utilized also to extend the range of practical applicability of Bloch{close_quote}s theory. As expected such a formulation appears to be a better starting point than the Born approximation for estimating stopping powers of heavy ions at velocities {ital v}{lt}{ital Z}{sub 1}{ital e}{sup 2}/{h_bar}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Sigmund, P. [Physics Department, Odense University, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)] [Physics Department, Odense University, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)

1996-10-01

70

EVALUATION OF THE APPLICATION OF THE CONTRIBUTORY PENSION SCHEME ON EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT BENEFITS OF QUOTED FIRMS IN NIGERIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to evaluate whether or not the application of the Contributory Pension Scheme has an impact on employee retirement benefits of quoted firms in Nigeria. In line with this objective, a hypothesis was formulated. The population of the study is the one hundred and eighty-two (182) firms quoted on the first-tier market of the Nigeria Stock Exchange and

Kehinde Oluwatoyin; Christian Ikechukwu

2009-01-01

71

'Winning Isn't Everything. It's the Only Thing': The Origin, Attributions and Influence of a Famous Football Quote  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most revered and controversial quotes in American sport is the hyperbolic and paradoxical declaration, 'Winning isn't everything. It's the only thing'. These words grace the walls of locker rooms, ignite pre-game pep talks and echo from the rafters of banquet halls. This maxim on winning is featured prominently in collections of classic sport quotes. Arguably, it is

Steven J. Overman

72

Words of Wisdom from the Literacy Symposium (Washington, D.C., May 25, 1988). Quotes from Participants and Attendees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials from the Literacy Symposium that begin this document are a letter of support from Barbara Bush, a symposium agenda, and lists of panel participants, speakers, symposium staff, and members of the Academic Advisory Council to the U.S. Government Printing Office. These are followed by 21 pages of quotes from particpants. Those quoted

Potter, Charles, Comp.

73

August 22, 2007 Working Paper Not to Be Quoted Without Permission of the Authors  

E-print Network

the perceived weaknesses of financial markets--unlike U.S. regulators. Germans also expected banks to save1 August 22, 2007 ­ Working Paper Not to Be Quoted Without Permission of the Authors Banks on Board: Banks in German and American Corporate Governance, 1870-1914 Jeffrey Fear, Global Business, University

Boyer, Edmond

74

Seniors Say the `Darndest' Things about Exercise: Quotable Quotes that Stimulate Applied Gerontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review article highlights unusual narrative elements spoken by older people as they present their perspective on and involvement in exercise, sports, and physical activity. Drawn from a number of studies, the voices of elders are assembled here as quotable quotes or statements that challenge contemporary understanding and meaning. Just as elderly respondents are wondering what kind of research is

Sandy O'Brien Cousins

2003-01-01

75

Nanotechnology the debate all direct quotes from: The Social and Economic Challenges of  

E-print Network

1 Nanotechnology ­ the debate all direct quotes from: The Social and Economic Challenges of Nanotechnology, ISBN 0-86226-294-1. Economic & Social Research Council of UK government one end: clear to become realms of human endeavor" G.H. Reynolds, Forward to the Future: Nanotechnology and regulatory

Moeck, Peter

76

The importance of applying {open_quotes}intuition factors{close_quotes} to reservoir volume calculations: A case study in Wilburton Field, Arkoma Basin, southeastern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Calculating or extrapolating accurate reservoir parameters for recoverable reserve determinations is often difficult. Average porosities determined from logs can be incorrect due either to tool resolution in thin beds, wellbore rugosity, or faulty tool calibration. Water saturation estimates can vary depending upon the availability of measured or calculated Rw values. Reservoir thickness and aerial extent are only as accurate as the isopach maps from which they are derived. Measured reservoir pressures can be low in tight gas formations due to inadequate build-up times. Only formation temperature and abandonment pressure are more reliable numbers. Characterization of the Spiro Sandstone reservoir in Wilburton Field, southeastern Oklahoma, requires the utilization of various {open_quotes}intuition factors{close_quotes}. Extreme heterogeneity resulting from both depositional and diagenetic variability presents problems in accurately assessing pore volume calculations. By relying upon a systematic approach which allows scientific intuition to be merged with measured reservoir parameters, it is possible to predict economic and uneconomic results of proposed infill drilling locations.

Wray, L.L. [Amoco Production Co., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-12-31

77

The importance of applying [open quotes]intuition factors[close quotes] to reservoir volume calculations: A case study in Wilburton Field, Arkoma Basin, southeastern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Calculating or extrapolating accurate reservoir parameters for recoverable reserve determinations is often difficult. Average porosities determined from logs can be incorrect due either to tool resolution in thin beds, wellbore rugosity, or faulty tool calibration. Water saturation estimates can vary depending upon the availability of measured or calculated Rw values. Reservoir thickness and aerial extent are only as accurate as the isopach maps from which they are derived. Measured reservoir pressures can be low in tight gas formations due to inadequate build-up times. Only formation temperature and abandonment pressure are more reliable numbers. Characterization of the Spiro Sandstone reservoir in Wilburton Field, southeastern Oklahoma, requires the utilization of various [open quotes]intuition factors[close quotes]. Extreme heterogeneity resulting from both depositional and diagenetic variability presents problems in accurately assessing pore volume calculations. By relying upon a systematic approach which allows scientific intuition to be merged with measured reservoir parameters, it is possible to predict economic and uneconomic results of proposed infill drilling locations.

Wray, L.L. (Amoco Production Co., Denver, CO (United States))

1996-01-01

78

Depositional environment and distribution of Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica to West Africa  

SciTech Connect

Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica, western and eastern Venezuela, and Trinidad were studied using organic and inorganic geochemistry, biostratigraphy, and sedimentology in order to determine their depositional environments. Bulk mineralogy and major element geochemistry for 304 samples were combined with Rock Eval data and extract biomaker analysis to infer the types and distributions of the various Late Cretaceous productivity systems represented in the dataset. When data from this study are combined with published and proprietary data from offshore West Africa, Guyana/Suriname, and the central Caribbean, they show that these Late Cretaceous units can be correlated by their biogeochemical characteristics to establish their temporal and spatial relationships. Paleogeographic maps constructed for the early to late Cenomanian, Turonian, Coniacian to middle Santonian, and late Santonian to latest Campanian show that upwelling and excessive fluvial runoff were probably the dominant sources of nutrient supply to the coastal productivity systems. The late Santonian to Maastrichtian rocks examined in this study indicate that organic material was poorly preserved after deposition, even though biologic productivity remained constant or changed only slightly. A rapid influx of oxygenated bottom water may have occurred following the opening of a deep water connection between the North and South Atlantic oceans, and/or separation of India from Africa and the establishment of an Antarctic oceanic connection. This study suggests that the most important factors that controlled source rock quality in northern South America were productivity, preservation, degree of clastic dilution, and subsurface diagenesis.

Erlich, R.N.; Sofer, Z. (Amoco Overseas Exploration Company, Houston, TX (United States)); Pratt, L.M. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)); Palmer, S.E. (Amoco Research Company, Tulsa, OK (United States))

1993-02-01

79

Linkage disequilibrium in the insulin gene region: Size variation at the 5{prime} flanking polymorphism and bimodality among {open_quotes}Class I{close_quotes} alleles  

SciTech Connect

The 5{prime} flanking polymorphism (5{prime}FP), a hypervariable region at the 5{prime} end of the insulin gene, has {open_quotes}class 1{close_quotes} alleles (650-900 bp long) that are in positive linkage disequilibrium with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The authors report that precise sizing of the 5{prime}FP yields a bimodal frequency distribution of class 1 allele lengths. Class 1 alleles belonging to the lower component (650-750 bp) of the bimodal distribution were somewhat more highly associated with IDDM than were alleles from the upper component (760-900 bp), but the difference was not statistically significant. They also examined 5{prime}FP length variation in relation to allelic variation at nearby polymorphisms. At biallelic RFLPs on both sides of the 5{prime}FP, they found that one allele exhibits near-total association with the upper component of the 5FP class 1 distribution. Such associations represent a little-known but potentially wide-spread form of linkage disequilibrium. In this type of disequilibrium, a flanking allele has near-complete association with a single mode of VNTR alleles whose lengths represent consecutive numbers of tandem repeats (CNTR). Such extreme disequilibrium between a CNTR mode and flanking alleles may originate and persist because length mutations at some VNTR loci usually add or delete only one or two repeat units. 22 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

McGinnis, R.E.; Spielman, R.S. [Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1994-09-01

80

Improving thermoelectric materials: Site-selective {open_quotes}doping{close_quotes} of the Bi{sub 2}Q{sub 3} structure with transition metals  

SciTech Connect

A great deal of emphasis in the development of thermoelectric materials has been placed on the doping of the bismuth chalcogenides, Bi{sub 2}Q{sub 3}, in an effort to increase the efficiency of the thermopower of such compounds as Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} by increasing the carrier concentrations within the material. There is, however, a host of {open_quotes}site-substituted{close_quotes} compounds such as PbBi{sub 2}Te{sub 4} and PbBi{sub 4}Te{sub 7} whose properties have not been well documented and whose syntheses are not well understood. We have employed low temperature (molten salt and mediated metathesis) reactions to explore the reactivity of other M(II) cations such as Cu and Ni. Powder and single-crystal X-ray diffraction confirm the formation of several new phases such as CuBi{sub 4}Se{sub 7} and a structural variation of BiSe. A discussion of the synthetic methods and the structural and physical chemistry of the solids is planned.

Malo, T.M.; Raymond, C.C.; Dorhout, P.K. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1995-12-31

81

Nuclear power meets the 101st Congress, a {open_quotes}one-act{close_quotes} comedy: Regulation of Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensees under the Clean Air Act  

SciTech Connect

In the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977, Congress directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate all radioactive pollutants, including those emitted from facilities licensed and regulated under the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Thus began the era of so-called {open_quotes}dual regulation.{close_quotes} Thirteen years later, that era ended with the passage of section 112(d)(9) of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which authorized the EPA to refrain from regulating any category of NRC-licensed facility if it found that NRC regulation was adequate to protect public health. This story of how Congress reversed regulatory policy is actually a story more about nuclear power than air pollution. Dual regulation was authorized in 1977 because of two concerns: fears about the public health risks associated with the nation`s growing commitment to nuclear power and doubts about the integrity of nuclear regulation by the NRC. Although neither of these concerns had abated by 1990, the legislative process was so adroitly manipulated by the proponents of nuclear power that Congress, unwittingly, restored the NRC`s regulatory monopoly.

Goldsmith, R.

1992-12-31

82

DRAFT 11/09/2010 PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)  

E-print Network

DRAFT 11/09/2010 PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) HeAlTHy InDooR envIRonmenT PRoTocols FoR Home eneRgy uPgRADes #12;HeAlTHy InDooR envIRonmenT PRoTocols FoR Home eneRgy uPgRADes This document is available for public review and comment until December 9, 2010. Purpose: The Healthy Indoor

83

Synthesis of a variety of bichromophoric {open_quotes}ball-and-chain{close_quotes} systems based on buckminsterfullerene (C{sub 60}) for the study of intramolecular electron and energy transfer processes  

SciTech Connect

Diels-Alder reactions between C{sub 60} and selected dienes yield {open_quotes}ball-and-chain{close_quotes} compounds bearing multiple chromophores rigidly bound through a saturated polynorbornane-bicyclo[2.2.0] hexane hydrocarbon bridge. Molecular mechanics, semiempirical, and ab initio calculations were invoked along with X-ray crystallography in the study of conformations of these compounds. The aim of these studies is to prepare well-characterized compounds for the study of intermolecular electron and/or energy transfer. 41 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Lawson, J.M.; Oliver, A.M.; Shephard, M.J. [Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia)] [and others] [Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia); and others

1996-07-26

84

Innovations in the design of mechanical components for a beamline{emdash}The SRI{close_quote}95 Workshop 2 Summary  

SciTech Connect

The Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation 1995 Conference (SRI{close_quote}95) was hosted by the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). Of the many workshops within the conference, the SRI{close_quote}95 Workshop 2 was {open_quote}{open_quote}Innovations in the Design of Mechanical Components of a Beamline.{close_quote}{close_quote} The workshop was well attended with over 140 registrants. The following topics were discussed. Industry{close_quote}s perspective on the status and future was provided by Huber Diffraktionstechnik GMBH on goniometers/diffractometers, Oxford Instruments on advanced manufacturing technique of high heat load components, such as the APS photon shutter, and Kohzu Seiki Co. Ltd. on the specialties of monochromators provided to the third-generation synchrotrons. This was followed by a description of the engineering of a dual function monochromator design for water-cooled diamond or cryogenically cooled silicon monochromators by CMC CAT/APS. Another category was the nagging problem of sensitivity of the photon beam position monitors (XBPM) to bending magnet radiation ({open_quote}{open_quote}BM contamination{close_quote}{close_quote}) and the undulator magnet gap changes. Problem descriptions and suggested solutions were provided by both the Advanced Light Source (ALS) and the APS. Other innovative ideas were the cooling schemes (enhanced cooling of beamline components using metallic porous meshes including cryo-cooled applications); Glidcop photon shutter design using microchannels at the ALS; and window/filter design, manufacture and operational experiences at CHESS and PETRA/HASYLAB. Additional discussions were held on designing for micromotions and precision in the optical support systems and smart user filter schemes. This is a summary of the presentations at the Workshop. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Kuzay, T.; Warwick, T. [Experimental Facilities Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)] [Experimental Facilities Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

1996-09-01

85

UCSD Shipping Rate Quote Please fill out this form completely. Print and Fax to: Tom Pugh, Shipping Coordinator, (858) 693-0864.  

E-print Network

UCSD Shipping Rate Quote Please fill out this form completely. Print and Fax to: Tom Pugh, Shipping Coordinator, (858) 693-0864. Please Note: This is not a Shipping Memo; it is only a quote request. Shipper: ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions? Please contact Tom Pugh, Shipping Coordinator, (858) 536-3225 x244. Print Form #12;

Russell, Lynn

86

Characterization of the acidic and basic properties of [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2], [gamma]LiAlO[sub 2], and calcined [open quotes]HAlO[sub 2][close quotes] using isopropyl alcohol  

SciTech Connect

Characterization of both the acidic and basic sites of [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2], [gamma]LiAlO[sub 2], and calcined [open quotes]HAlO[sub 2][close quotes] was carried out with the isopropyl alcohol probe reaction. All three materials catalyzed the formation of both propylene and acetone. The formation of propylene is indicative of acidic-basic pair sites, while the presence of acetone is indicative of basic sites. In addition to the formation of both propylene and acetone, base-catalyzed acetone aldol condensation products were formed on both [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2], and calcined [open quotes]HAlO[sub 2][close quotes]. Both materials produced a C6DIENE (2-methyl-1,3-pentadiene or 4-methyl-1,3-pentadiene) aldol condensation product, while [alpha]M2PONE (4-methyl-2-pentanone) and 4M2POL (4-methyl-2-pentanol). The reaction pathways that describe the formation of the various C6 products were used to infer the nature of the basic sites on the materials. Additional information obtained from TPD and FTIR of chemisorbed CO[sub 2] demonstrate that the basic sites on [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2] are similar in strength and number to MgO. 35 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs.

Tomczak, D.C.; Allen, J.L.; Poeppelmeier, K.R. (Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States))

1994-03-01

87

A {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} Y:16 translocation with the Y breakpoint just proximal to the Yq heterochromatin boundary associated with Turner-like neonatal lymphedema suggests the location of a potential anti-Turner gene  

SciTech Connect

A male patient with Turner-like hydrops in the newborn period (Bonnevie-Ullrich syndrome) was studied. The extensive nucchal cystic hygroma and hydrops resolved over several weeks. The karyotype was 46,X,t(Y;16)(q11.2;q24). The paternal karyotype was normal. Chromosome painting with the heterochromatic long arm repeat DYZ2 disclosed that all the hybridization was on the derivative 16. This was confirmed by chromosome painting with DYZ1, the other major Y long arm heterochromatic repeat, and DYZ3, the Y alphoid, centromeric repeat, which showed chromosomal separation of the 2 stained regions. A {open_quotes}FISHing trip{close_quotes} was performed using the Y YAC contig created in Dr. David Page`s laboratory. This disclosed 2 YACs located just proximal to the Y heterochromatin which {open_quotes}jumped{close_quotes} the translocation. The recent discovery of a candidate gene for the azoospermia factor (AZF) in this region suggests the possibility that there are several Y-expressed genes adjacent to the heterochromatin boundary as there are near the pseudoautosomal boundary.

Erickson, R.P.; Hudgins, L. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Stone, J.F. [Southwest Biomedical Research Institute, Scottsdale, AZ (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01

88

Second Order draft Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III Do Not Cite or Quote 1 Summary for Policy Makers  

E-print Network

gas venting/flaring 3) Including from biomass5 4) Including large-scale land clearing by burning % of global GHG emissions (Figure SPM.3). Greenhouse gas emissions covered by the Montreal Protocol have Not Cite or Quote 2 Summary for Policy Makers Revised on 31/07/2006 3:00 PM Global greenhouse gas emissions

89

Draft 10/20/11. Not to be quoted or cited without permission. Evidence and the hierarchy of mathematical theories  

E-print Network

approaches to mathematics in the light of this hierarchy and specifically of the problems of set theory. 2Draft 10/20/11. Not to be quoted or cited without permission. Evidence and the hierarchy of mathematical theories Charles Parsons It is a well-known fact of mathematical logic, by now developed

Koellner, Peter

90

Bid-ask spreads and the avoidance of odd-eighth quotes on Nasdaq: An examination of exchange listings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines 472 securities that were listed on Nasdaq and moved to the NYSE or Amex. When Nasdaq market makers avoid odd-eighth quotes, bid-ask spreads are large and decline dramatically with exchange listing. When market makers use both odd and even eighths, spreads are smaller and decline only slightly with exchange listing. The large spreads observed when Nasdaq market

Michael J. Barclay

1997-01-01

91

The words are given in the Sanskrit order. Double quotes indicate the tech-nical translation chosen, as opposed to the literal translation of a word or ex-  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 Glossary The words are given in the Sanskrit order. Double quotes indicate the tech, is the "longitude". Sth¯an¯antara is a different place. In common sanskrit it means particular, as in up

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Green{close_quote}s function approach for a dynamical study of transport in metal\\/organic\\/metal structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop an efficient Green{close_quote}s function formalism to study transport in organic tunneling devices. We find a crossover behavior of the transport from free-electron-like to polaronlike as the ratio between the electronic and organic lattice vibration time scales is varied. If the electronic time scale is fast compared to the lattice vibration time scale, the lattice motion lags behind the

Z. G. Yu; D. L. Smith; A. Saxena; A. R. Bishop

1999-01-01

93

Characteristic time scales of tick quotes on foreign currency markets: an empirical study and agent-based model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Power spectrum densities for the number of tick quotes per minute (market activity) on three currency markets (USD/JPY, EUR/USD, and JPY/EUR) for periods from January 1999 to December 2000 are analyzed. We find some peaks on the power spectrum densities at a few minutes. We develop the double-threshold agent model and confirm that stochastic resonance occurs for the market activity of this model. We propose a hypothesis that the periodicities found on the power spectrum densities can be observed due to stochastic resonance.

Sato, A.-H.

2006-03-01

94

Use of geostatistic techniques to describe a reservoir to be submitted into a secondary recovery process field case: {open_quotes}Eocene B-Inferior/VLG-3659, Ceuta, Venezuela{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

This study presents the results of an integrated reservoir study of the Eocene B-Inferior/VLG-3659, Area 7, Ceuta filed. This field located in the Maracaibo Lake in the western side of Venezuela. The objective was to evaluating the feasibility to implement a secondary recovery project by means of water flooding. Core information was used for this study (194 ft), PVT analysis, RFI, build-up and statistic`s pressure analysis, modem logs and production history data. Using geostatistical techniques (Kriging) it was defined a low uncertainty geological model that was validated by means of a black oil simulator (Eclipse). The results showed a good comparison of historical pressure of the reservoir against those obtained from the model, without the need of {open_quotes}history matching{close_quotes}. It means without modifying neither the initial rock properties nor reservoir fluids. The results of this study recommended drilling in two new locations, also the reactivation of four producing wells and water flooding under peripherical array by means of four injection wells, with the recovery of an additional 30.2 MMSTB. The economical evaluation shows an internal return rate of 31.4%.

Hernandez, T.; Poquioma, W. [Maraven, S.A., Caracas (Venezuela)

1997-08-01

95

{open_quotes}Methods for the determination of the Clean Air Act Title III metallic HAPS in coal  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act was amended in 1990 and additional requirements were added to Title III {open_quotes}Air Toxics.{close_quotes} Title III identified one hundred eighty-nine hazardous air pollutants (HAPS) and Congress directed the EPA to study the effects of emissions of these HAPS on public health and the environment. EPA is to report to Congress in the fall of 1995 concerning their findings and make recommendations regarding fossil fuel fired combustion units. The outcome of the EPA recommendations will be of great interest to coal producers and users. Of the one hundred eighty-nine listed HAPS, eleven are trace metals found in coal. The producers and users may be required to analyze coal for these HAPS, to determine if selective mining and/or beneficiation can lower their occurrence, to determine their fate in the combustion process, etc. Indeed many coal companies have begun to study their reserves to aid the EPA investigation. Currently there are no EPA promulgated test methodologies for these elements in coal. Moreover, the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) does not provide standards for the analyses of all of the eleven HAPS either. In view of this lack of standardized analytical protocols the commercial laboratory is left with finding the best methods for meeting these analytical needs. This paper describes how Standard Laboratories, Inc. as a whole and particularly its Environmental Laboratory Division has met this need.

Snider, J. [Standard Laboratories, Inc., Evansville, IN (United States)

1995-08-01

96

Mutation in and lack of expression of tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) in melanocytes from an individual with brown oculocutaneous albinism: A new subtype of albinism classified as {open_quotes}OCA3{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Most types of human oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) result from mutations in the gene for tyrosinase (OCA1) or the P protein (OCA2), although other types of OCA have been described but have not been mapped to specific loci. Melanocytes were cultured from an African-American with OCA, who exhibited the phenotype of Brown OCA, and his normal fraternal twin. Melanocytes cultured from the patient with OCA and the normal twin appeared brown versus black, respectively. Melanocytes from both the patient with OCA and the normal twin demonstrated equal amounts of NP-40-soluble melanin; however, melanocytes from the patient with OCA contained only 7% of the amount of insoluble melanin found from the normal twin. Tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) was not detected in the OCA melanocytes by use of various anti-TRP-1 probes. Furthermore, transcripts for TRP-1 were absent in cultured OCA melanocytes. The affected twin was homozygous for a single-bp deletion in exon 6, removing an A in codon 368 and leading to a premature stop at codon 384. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity of the OCA melanocytes was comparable to controls when assayed in cell lysates but was only 30% of controls when assayed in intact cells. We conclude that this mutation of the human TRP-1 gene affects its interaction with tyrosinase, resulting in dysregulation of tyrosinase activity, promotes the synthesis of brown versus black melanin, and is responsible for a third genetic type of OCA in humans, which we classify as {open_quotes}OCA3.{close_quotes} 69 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

Boissy, R.E.; Zhao, H.; Austin, L.M.; Boissy, Y.L.; Zhao, Y. [Univ. of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH (United States)] [and others

1996-06-01

97

Quality of health care and patient satisfaction in liver disease: The development and preliminary results of the QUOTE-Liver questionnaire  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Consensus on how to adequately measure patient satisfaction with health care is limited, and has led to the development of many questionnaires with various methodological problems. The objective of this study was to develop a liver disease- and care-specific patient satisfaction instrument on the basis of previously tested methodology in patient satisfaction measurement, the so called QUOTE- series: Quality

Jolie J Gutteling; Robert A de Man; Busschbach van J. J; Anne-Sophie E Darlington

2008-01-01

98

20 Quotes Praising Cultural Diversity 1. "We have the ability to achieve, if we master the necessary goodwill, a common global society  

E-print Network

the necessary goodwill, a common global society blessed with a shared culture of peace that is nourished20 Quotes Praising Cultural Diversity 1. "We have the ability to achieve, if we master rights activist; b. 1941) 2. "Cultural differences should not separate us from each other, but rather

Roy, Subrata

99

Clarification re Civil Resistance A quote that I provided for the book "Times Up!" by Keith Farnish requires clarification. I reproduce  

E-print Network

used the more popular phrase "civil disobedience". Specifically, note that I have not endorsed anarchyClarification re Civil Resistance A quote that I provided for the book "Times Up!" by Keith Farnish with responsibilities (3) Peaceful demonstration, specifically "civil resistance". Gandhi makes clear in his writings

Hansen, James E.

100

Draft Do not cite or quote Draft To appear in Erickson, T. and McDonald, D.W. (eds.). HCI Remixed: Essays on  

E-print Network

mother, a community college instructor, taught business and saved textbooks ­ all kinds of textbooks. You want the 3rd edition of #12;Draft ­ Do not cite or quote ­ Draft To appear in Erickson, T. and Mc tension in this is that I like to think that I'm a deleter; I just don't like clutter. It has taken me

McDonald, David W.

101

Measurements of the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator{close_quote}s low charge, 4 MeV RF photocathode witness beam  

SciTech Connect

The Argonne Wakefield Accelerator{close_quote}s (AWA) witness RF photocathode gun produced its first electron beam in April of 1996. We have characterized the charge, energy, emittance and bunch length of the witness beam over the last several months. The emittance was measured by both a quad scan that fitted for space charge using an in house developed Mathematica routine and a pepper pot technique. The bunch length was measured by imaging Cherenkov light from a quartz plate to a Hamamatsu streak camera with 2 psec resolution. A beam energy of 3.9 MeV was measured with a 6 inch round pole spectrometer while a beam charge was measured with both an ICT and a Faraday Cup. Although the gun will normally be run at 100 pC it has produced charges from 10 pC to 4 nC. All results of the measurements to date are presented here. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Power, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Chojnacki, E. [Nuclear Science, Cornell, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Conde, M.; Gai, W.; Konecny, R.; Schoessow, P.; Simpson, J. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1997-03-01

102

Quoting Experimental Information  

E-print Network

There was a question raised at this meeting as to the best way to present the results of experiments measuring anisotropies in the CMB. Here we will make some simple comments about the 3 main competing methods and some suggestions. In particular we will give an over-simplified but hopefully useful method of comparing GACF numbers with other power spectra, and a simple rule-of-thumb for converting between the two main conventions.

Martin White; Douglas Scott

1994-06-21

103

Student Quotes Personal Growth  

E-print Network

Friendships Research Experience Academic Gains Civic Engagement Study Abroad Intellectual Interactions hours, and the value of forming study groups. I also learned how to tackle large amounts of reading

Grether, Gregory

104

RESPONSE TO &QUOT;THE OPTIMAL FRAGMENTATION PRINCIPLE&QUOT;.  

EPA Science Inventory

Response to "The Optimal Fragmentation Principle" To follow up on my comment to Dale Johnson and to respond to his entertaining and provocative letter, I confess to some frustration in seeing a show-and-tell of a sophisticated tool for data mining and exploration, without ...

105

VIDEO: EMAP - &QUOT;AMERICA'S ECOLOGICAL REPORT CARD&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

The EMAP program is part of ORD's response to SAB's recommendation and the EPA's call for "managing for results." MAP's goal is to monitor the condition of the nation's ecological resources. MAP data will enable us to evaluate the success of current policies and programs and iden...

106

The {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} applicability in decision support system {open_quotes}strength{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

A software decision support system, STRENGTH, for application of leak before break analysis, is described. The background methodology and sample application are outlined. The program allows multioptional computation of loading parameters for different types of defects, and variable properties for metals and welded joints. Structural strength is assessed, and service life predictions are made. The program is used to analyze specific defects identified by nondestructive testing.

Torop, V.M.; Orynyak, I.V. [Institute for Problems of Strength, Kiev (Ukraine); Kutovoy, O.L. [Institute of Structure Integrity, Kiev (Ukraine)

1997-04-01

107

Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Confirmation of the Sigma Meson{close_quote}{close_quote}  

SciTech Connect

A Comment on the Letter by Nils A. T{umlt o}rnqvist and Matts Roos, Phys. Rev. Lett. {bold 76}, 1575 (1996). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Isgur, N.; Speth, J. [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)] [Jefferson Lab, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

1996-09-01

108

The thing about the quotes: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a paper about the educational landscape of Music Technology in Britain. Betweening is a project funded by Palatine (Higher Education Academy). Its aim is to investigate and collate information about existing models for running degree courses related to the interdisciplinary field of music technology in higher education institutions in Britain. The gathering of this information will result in

Carola Boehm

109

Integrating Sources Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Summarizing  

E-print Network

(American Psychological Association): psychology, education, and other social sciences. MLA (Modern Languages Association): literature, arts, and humanities. AMA (The American Medical Association Manual

110

Quotes and Anecdotes Spring 2001  

E-print Network

to be taught to read by a teacher who could only read on an elementary school level, or my twelfth grade child about Teaching and Learning Mathematics 1. Don't neglect history. Mathematics is far, far from static to take an English class with a teacher who could only function on a twelfth grade level. The great

Lee, Carl

111

Comment on {open_quotes}Confirmation of the Sigma Meson{close_quote}{close_quote}  

SciTech Connect

A Comment on the Letter by Nils A. Tornqvist and Matts Roos, Phys.Rev.Lett.{bold 76}, 1575 (1996). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Harada, M.; Sannino, F.; Schechter, J. [Department of Physics, Syracuse University Syracuse, New York 13244-1130 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Syracuse University Syracuse, New York 13244-1130 (United States); Sannino, F. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Mostra d`Oltremare Pd.19 80125 Napoli (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Mostra d`Oltremare Pd.19 80125 Napoli (Italy)

1997-02-01

112

Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Why quantum mechanics cannot be formulated as a Markov process{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}  

SciTech Connect

In reply to the preceding Comment on an article by D. T. Gillespie [Phys. Rev. A {bold 49}, 1607 (1994)], it is emphasized that the most plausible interpretation of the singly conditioned probability function implies that the evolution of the two-state quantum system being considered {ital cannot} be characterized as a Markov process on those states over {ital any} time interval. And it is pointed out that an alternative interpretation that is offered in the Comment appears to be in conflict with quantum mechanics.

Gillespie, D.T. [Research and Technology Division, Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, California 93555 (United States)] [Research and Technology Division, Naval Air Warfare Center, China Lake, California 93555 (United States)

1996-08-01

113

PRELIMINARY DRAFT: DO NOT QUOTE Branden Fitelson  

E-print Network

-Relativity & Language Dependence 30 3. The "Double Counting" Worry 33 4. Suspension of Judgment Revisited 34 5. Contexts about Step 1: Credal Inaccuracy 85 2. Worries about Step 2: The Scoring Rule Controversy 87 3. Worries confidence judgments. 65 6.1 Canonical example of the language dependence of the accuracy of numerical

Fitelson, Branden

114

&QUOT;PUTTING THE RIGHT PARKS IN THE RIGHT PLACES&QUOT; BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;MAKING PARKS WORK:STRATEGIES FOR PRESERVING TOPICAL NATURE&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

Tropical ecosystems typically have high amounts of species diversity and endemism relative to those in more temperate climates, and most of the tropics lie almost completely within the borders of developing countries. To address this, Terborgh et al. convened a conference that br...

115

You Can Quote Me on That  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents several punctuation activities that help students practice dialogue-writing skills. Teachers can help their students become intrepid reporters by providing them with story ideas or by inviting them to develop their own "scoops." In addition, comic strips can also be used for dialogue-writing practice.

Chanko, Pamela

2005-01-01

116

Quotes and Anecdotes Carl W. Lee  

E-print Network

on an elementary school level, or my twelfth grade child to take an English class with a teacher who could only Some of My Informal Thoughts about Teaching and Learning Mathematics 1. Don't neglect history transcends the level on which they are teaching, and students are acutely aware of this. 6. There is a high

Lee, Carl

117

SCREENING AND TESTING FOR ENDOCRINE DISRUPTION IN FISH - BIOMARKERS AS &QUOT;SIGNPOSTS,"; NOT &QUOT;TRAFFIC LIGHTS,&QUOT; IN RISK ASSESSMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Biomarkers provide important tools for addressing the impacts of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in fish. Presently, biomarkers are best used as mechanistic "signposts" rather than as "red traffic lights" in the environmental risk assessment of EDCs. In field studies, bio...

118

Leak-detection device is {open_quotes}all ears{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Ultrasonic detection devices for locating air or liquid leaks are described. Standard packages consist of a hand-held detection instrument, high-impedance headphones, a localization sound probe, an ultrasound transmitter, and a precision contact probe. The ultrasonic vibrations are converted into either an audible frequency or a digital readout. The use of ultrasonic devices in leak testing single-wall underground storage tanks is detailed.

Malm, H.; Halpern, F.

1996-04-01

119

The ignitability potential of uranium {open_quotes}roaster oxide{close_quotes}  

Microsoft Academic Search

The oxidation of uranium to form Uranium `roaster oxide` was investigated with respect to concerns of unreacted metal remaining in the roaster oxide matrix. It was found that ignition of unreacted uranium chips in the roaster oxide as synthesized is unlikely under normal storage conditions.

Stakebake

1994-01-01

120

The ignitability potential of uranium {open_quotes}roaster oxide{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

The oxidation of uranium to form Uranium `roaster oxide` was investigated with respect to concerns of unreacted metal remaining in the roaster oxide matrix. It was found that ignition of unreacted uranium chips in the roaster oxide as synthesized is unlikely under normal storage conditions.

Stakebake, J.L.

1994-11-01

121

Taking a bottom-to-sky [open quotes]slice[close quotes] of the Arctic Ocean  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses a Canadian-USA scientific expedition to study the Amerasian basin, comprising 2/3 of the Arctic Ocean, the world's least studied. Since the oceans remote location makes it particularly sensitive to indications of global climate change, a baseline of data is critical. Among the areas researched and discussed in this article are the following: the warm water layers in the intermediate space of the Arctic ocean; the albedo of the ocean; cloud cover; air pollution; plants and animals; cores of ocean bottom sediments. 2 figs.

Travis, J.

1994-12-23

122

AN ASSESSMENT OF GROUND TRUTH VARIABILITY USING A &QUOT;VIRTUAL FIELD REFERENCE DATABASE&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

A "Virtual Field Reference Database (VFRDB)" was developed from field measurment data that included location and time, physical attributes, flora inventory, and digital imagery (camera) documentation foy 1,01I sites in the Neuse River basin, North Carolina. The sampling f...

123

{open_quotes}Fine particulate control and air toxics{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Tables 1-4 give an overview of current TSP control capabilities of fabric filters on some applications. Very little data is available as to the control of PM{sub 10} and under. Most air toxic limitations will require much higher control as can be seen in Tables 5 and 6. The control of most air toxics is definitely related to the control of TSP and PM{sub 10}, however it appears that meeting current limits of TSP do not ensure meeting the desired air toxic limits. Since TSP is desired to be used as a surrogate and is all that is routinely monitored through opacity or other stack CEM systems, lower TSP limits would have to be met which opens the question of how accurate we can monitor TSP or PM{sub 10} on a continuous basis. Tables 3 and 4 provide some insight as to the uniformity of TSP results between identical operating units and over time at two NSW installation. Except for the 9/10/91 test, the baghouses were inspected for failing bags prior to testing. Tables 7 and 8 show the impact of TSP and air toxic metals of a plant upset. In this case it took up to one day for the emissions to return to normal following a 30 minute complete shutdown of the incinerator and three baghouse systems being tested. Table 9 describes the impact of broken bags on emissions for a typical size baghouse. As emission levels become tighter in attempts to control air toxics, response to broken bags will take on new importance. More importantly, system design changes to promote longer bag life and better emission monitoring will be needed. Once continuous monitoring of outlet particulate is required, the industry will be challenged. Until then it will be business as usual with designs aimed at passing a one time or yearly stack test with the baghouse primed for peak performance. This won`t do much to protect the environment from air toxics to the proposed units.

Chang, R. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Greiner, G.P. [ETS International, Inc., Roanoke, VA (United States); Harrison, W. [Southern Company Services, Birmingham, AL (United States); Nichols, G.B. [Southern Research Institute, Birmingham, AL (United States)

1994-12-31

124

CLOTHES AS A SOURCE OF PARTICLES CONTRIBUTING TO THE &QUOT;PERSONAL CLOUD&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

Previous studies such as EPA's PTEAM Study have documented increased personal exposures to particles compared to either indoor or outdoor concentrations--a finding that bas been characterized as a "personal cloud." The sources of the personal cloud are unknown, but co...

125

&QUOT;EMERGING"; POLLUTANTS, MASS SPECTROMETRY, AND COMMUNICATING SCIENCE: PHARMACEUTICALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

A foundation for Environmental Science - Mass Spectrometry: Historically fundamental to amassing our understanding of environmental processes and chemical pollution is the realm of mass spectrometry - the mainstay of analytical chemistry - the workhorse that supplies much of the...

126

&QUOT;EFFECT OF NON-TARGET ORGANICS ON ORGANIC CHEMICAL TRANSPORT.&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL/IO BOOK NRMRL-CIN-1363 Enfield*, C.G., Lien*, B.K., and Wood*, A.L. "Effect of Non-Target Organics on Organic Chemical Transport." Published in: Humic Substances and Chemical Contaminants, Chapter 23, C.E. Clapp, M.H.B. Hayes, et al (Ed.), Madison, WI: So...

127

Oak Ridge: DSM plays {open_quotes}modest{close_quotes} role in energy arena  

SciTech Connect

Contrary to popular belief, demand side management is not sweeping the nation, a new report from Oak Ridge National Laboratory concludes. If anything, DSM is only practiced in earnest by a select number of utilities in certain regions of the country. Despite the controversy over the potential rate impacts and actual energy efficiency gains attributable to DSM, the report said, between 1989 and 1991 these programs only absorbed 1 percent of utility revenues, while reducing electricity sales by less than 1 percent. And by the year 2000, utilities will be spending only 20 percent more on these programs, although realizing a 300 percent increase in efficiency gains, the report said. However, the report cautioned, utilities tend to underestimate their DSM expenditures and overestimate their energy savings.

Kaplan, D.

1993-07-28

128

The {open_quotes}special employer{close_quotes} issue for nuclear utilities  

SciTech Connect

Legal aspects of the Rudenjak versus Jersey Central Power and Light Company lawsuit are summarized in the article. Rudenjak, while working for an independent contractor at the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant, received a 3.335 Rem dose of whole-body radiation over a 4-month period in 1980. In 1988, Rudenjak died of acute leukemia and his widow sued the power company. The utility filed a motion to dismiss based on the statutory employer defense, which was granted by the court; excepts of the court`s decision are included in the article. A similar suit in California is also described; the implication is that legal precedent has been established in California and New Jersey to prevent employees of independent contractors from suing utilities.

Jose, D.E. [Pepper, Hamilton and Sheetz, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1992-01-01

129

Quantifying strain dependence in {open_quote}colossal{close_quote} magnetoresistance manganites  

SciTech Connect

Experimental, phenomenological, and theoretical analyses are given of the dependence on strain of the ferromagnetic T{sub c} of the colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) rare earth manganese perovskites. It is found that T{sub c} is extremely sensitive to biaxial strain; by implication other physical properties are also. The results indicate that biaxial strain is an important variable which must be considered in the design of devices based on thin films and provide evidence in favor of the relevance of the Jahn{endash}Teller electron-phonon coupling to the CMR phenomenon. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Millis, A.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Darling, T.; Migliori, A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

1998-02-01

130

Comment on {open_quotes}Covariant duality symmetric actions{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that an action proposed by Khoudeir and Pantoja [Phys. Rev. D {bold 53}, 5974 (1996)] for endowing Maxwell theory with manifest electric-magnetic duality symmetry contains, in addition to the Maxwell field, additional propagating vector degrees of freedom. Hence it cannot be considered as a duality symmetric action for a {ital single} Abelian gauge field. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Pasti, P.; Sorokin, D.; Tonin, M. [Universita Degli Studi Di Padova, Dipartimento Di Fisica Galileo Galilei ed INFN, Sezione Di Padova, Via F. Marzolo, 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)] [Universita Degli Studi Di Padova, Dipartimento Di Fisica Galileo Galilei ed INFN, Sezione Di Padova, Via F. Marzolo, 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)

1997-08-01

131

Reduction of O&M costs using {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} source terms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The licensing basis for reactor siting and postaccident plant performance for today`s operating plants is derived from a document published in 1962, TID 14844 (Ref. 1). The recently issued NUREG 1465 (Refs. 2 and 3), is the result of 30 yr of subsequent research on post-loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) fission product release and transport phenomena. It reflects what is generally known as

S. R. Ferguson; S. Lavie

1995-01-01

132

Project {open_quotes}Kovin{close_quotes} - economics of upgraded low-rank coal  

SciTech Connect

Yugoslavia has large reserves of lignitic coal, some of which are in geological settings that are located below the water table, along and under the Danube River, and are difficult to mine. Since conventional strip mining in the area next to the Danube would be difficult, the Kovin lignite will be mined as course lignite-water slurry. This will be the first time that lignite coal has been mined using dredging equipment. The use of dredging technology for the recovery of multiple lignite seams is an expansion of current dredging practices used to recovery precious and other metals such as tin, as well as diamonds, sand, and gravel from alluvial deposits. The proposed lignite dredging is based on selective mining of several discrete layers. The layers consist of either waste material or lignite and can be directed to a disposal area or to further processing. It is expected that dredging will reduce the environmental impact of the mine, be highly productive since it is fully mechanized, and reduce the cost per ton of lignite. The successful operation at the Kovin mine would also enable lignite to be dredged in other reserve areas where a high water table or significant surface water is present, allowing considerable tonnages of lignite, not currently in reserves, to be moved into the minable reserve category.

Ljubicic, B.; Anderson, C. [Energy & Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (United States); Bukurov, Z.; Cvijanovic, P. [Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad (Yugoslavia); Stajner, K. [Electric Power of Serbia, Novi Sad (Yugoslavia)

1994-12-31

133

POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF DUST SUPPRESSANTS: &QUOT;ADVOIDING ANOTHER TIMES BEACH&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

In the past decade, there has been an increased use of chemical dust suppressants such as i water, salts, asphalt emulsion, vegetable oils, molasses, synthetic polymers, mulches, and lignin 1 products. Dust suppressants abate dust by changing the physical properties of the soil s...

134

{open_quotes}High magnetic fields in the USA{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

During the past thirty years research using high magnetic fields has technically evolved in the manner, but not the magnitude, of the so-called big science areas of particle physics, plasma physics, neutron scattering, synchrotron light scattering, and astronomy. Starting from the laboratories of individual researchers it moved to a few larger universities, then to centralized national facilities with research and maintenance staffs, and, finally, to joint international ventures to build unique facilities, as illustrated by the subject of this conference. To better understand the nature of this type of research and its societal justification it is helpful to compare it, in general terms, with the aforementioned big-science fields. High magnetic field research differs from particle physics, plasma physics, and astronomy in three respects: (1) It is generic research that cuts across a wide range of scientific disciplines in physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, and engineering; (2) It studies materials and processes that are relevant for a variety of technological applications and it gives insight into biological processes; (3) It has produced, at least, comparably significant results with incomparably smaller resources. Unlike neutron and synchrotron light scattering, which probe matter, high magnetic fields change the thermodynamic state of matter. This change of state is fundamental and independent of other state variables, such as pressure and temperature. After the magnetic field is applied, various techniques are then used to study the new state.

Campbell, L.J.; Parkin, D.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Crow, J.E.; Schneider-Muntau, H.J. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Sullivan, N.S. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1994-11-01

135

Licensing and {open_quotes}CRADA`s{close_quotes} in Oak Ridge technology transfer  

SciTech Connect

In the belief that effective technology transfer is a ``contact sport,`` Martin Marietta Energy Systems (Energy Systems), the Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) management contractor in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, encourages its research and engineering employees to directly interact with their commercial-sector counterparts. Over the years, relationships which have been initiated through such technical interactions have led to many of the patent licenses ad cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs) which currently exist among Energy Systems, US companies, universities, and industrial consortia. The responsibility for creating and implementing Energy Systems policies and procedures to accomplish DOE`s technology transfer objectives in Oak Ridge lies with the Office of Technology Transfer (OTT). In addition, licensing executives within OTT are responsible for negotiating the terms and conditions of patent licenses and CRADAs for the commercialization of government-funded technologies and research expertise. Other technology transfer initiatives in Oak Ridge help companies in a wide range of industries overcome manufacturing obstacles, enabling them to retain existing jobs and to create new business opportunities.

Prosser, G.A.

1993-10-01

136

Final report for {open_quotes}Production of mild gasification co-products{close_quotes} project  

SciTech Connect

The SGI International Liquids From Coal (LFC) Process is a mild pyrolysis, or mild gasification, treatment that upgrades low-rank coals by removing almost all of the moisture and a substantial portion of the volatile matter. The process produces two value-added co-products: a Coal Derived Liquid (CDL) and a solid Process Derived Fuel (PDF). A third co-product, a low-heating-value non-condensible gas, is recirculated and combusted in a commercial sized plant to provide drying and pyrolysis process heat. The LFC Process consists of three basic steps. The first step, drying, involves essentially inert gas convectively raising the coal temperature and removing most of the moisture. The drying temperature is limited to ensure that no hydrocarbon gases evolve, and the flow rate is limited below fluidization levels for most of the coal particles. The second step, pyrolysis, consists of additional inert gas heating that raises the temperature of the dried coal so that more than half of the volatile matter is removed under a controlled temperature history that is characteristic for each particular coal and customer demand. The third step, finishing or conditioning, consists of exposure to a cooling inert gas that quenches the pyrolysis reaction, followed by controlled exposure to oxygen for the purposes of stabilization. The processed solid char is then brought to moisture equilibrium (much less than the parent coal`s equilibrium level), and, if necessary, a dust suppressant is added to the PDF. The PDF co-product is environmentally more attractive than the parent coal because a large fraction of the organic sulfur is removed with the volatile matter, and the heating value of the fuel is increased with a concurrent increase in combustion efficiency. When subjected to appropriate finishing steps, the PDF represents a stable, economically transportable, high-heat-value reactive combustion fuel with stable flame characteristics similar to natural gas.

Horne, D.A.; Castro, J.C.

1994-12-04

137

An early reductions case history or, {open_quotes}Your MACT or Mine?{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Dow Corning, Carrollton Plant, is a 150 acre silicone manufacturing facility, with approximately 250 emission points, located on the banks of the Ohio River. It is included in the SOCMI industry category, and is a source for HAP`s and criteria air pollutants. The facility utilized a variety of control devices and vent handling schemes to successfully achieve its goal of greater than 90% reduction in HAP`s emissions from base year emissions. Data will show how emissions were reduced from 667,500 lb. in 1988 (well below permitted levels) to less than 66,750 lb. in 1994 with minimal capital expenditure. These reductions were made concurrent with significant production increases at the facility. An innovative team approach comprised of key individuals was used. Operations, quality, supply, and environmental representatives challenged all employees to seek creative solutions to obtain the emissions reductions goal. Tools and resources used by the team included SPC, CIM (Computer Integrated Manufacturing), on-line DCS parametric monitoring devices, portable analyzers, and control equipment specialists and consultants. Operator technicians, manufacturing engineers, and plant management all equally and successfully took ownership of the effort which helps ensure ongoing compliance and improvement. 8 figs.

Lanthier, C.P.; LaFrance, D.A.; Snodgrass, D.W. [Dow Corning Corp., Carrollton, KY (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31

138

Special performance measurements of a {open_quotes}high-tube-density{close_quotes} condenser  

SciTech Connect

Performance measurements of a High-Tube-Density (HTD) Condenser have been made and evaluated. The condenser is an example of the ABB modular tube-bundle design and is derived from the established, high-performance ABB CM Condenser. It is a two-pass condenser designed for situations where space limitations make it necessary to have horizontally divided waterboxes. It is further characterized by its compactness which is a result in part, of the high tubesheet drill-out coefficient. As a part of continuing development work it was of particular interest to determine the performance characteristics of the condenser while in normal operation. Tests at seven different electrical loads were carried out for a load range of 65% to 98%. The experimental data show very good agreement with design values. Measured values of the cooling water pressure loss and overall heat transfer coefficient were superior to design values. Very satisfactory results for condensate subcooling and O{sub 2} concentration were also obtained. A vacuum drop test demonstrated that the condenser is well sealed and that the venting system capability is sufficient. 6 refs., 9 figs., 11 tabs.

Smoglie, C.; Novak, W.; Kreidler, T.; Arnal, M. [ABB Power Generation, Ltd., Baden (Switzerland)] [and others

1996-08-01

139

Citrate-based {open_quotes}Talspeak{close_quotes} actinide-lanthanide separation process  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanide elements are produced in relatively high yield by fission of {sup 235}U. Almost all the lanthanide isotopes decay to stable nonradioactive lanthanide isotopes in a relatively short time. Consequently, it is highly advantageous to separate the relatively small actinide fraction from the relatively large quantities of lanthanide isotopes. The TALSPEAK process (Trivalent Actinide Lanthanide Separations by Phosphorus-reagent Extraction from Aqueous Complexes) is one of the few means available to separate the trivalent actinides from the lanthanides. Previous work based on the use of lactic or glycolic acid has shown deleterious effects of some impurity ions such as zirconium(IV), even at concentrations on the order of 10{sup {minus}4} M. Other perceived problems were the need to maintain the pH and reagent concentrations within a narrow range and a significant solubility of the organic phase at high carboxylic acid concentrations. The authors` cold experiments showed that replacing the traditional extractants glycolic or lactic acid with citric acid eliminates or greatly reduces the deleterious effects produced by impurities such as zirconium. An extensive series of batch tests was done using a wide range of reagent concentrations at different pH values, temperatures, and contact times. The results demonstrated that the citrate-based TALSPEAK can tolerate appreciable changes in pH and reagent concentrations while maintaining an adequate lanthanide extraction. Experiments using a three-stage glass mixer-settler showed a good lanthanide extraction, appropriate phase disengagement, no appreciable deleterious effects due to the presence of impurities such as zirconium, excellent pH buffering, and no significant loss of organic phase.

Del Cul, G.D.; Toth, L.M.; Bond, W.D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1997-01-01

140

{open_quotes}Radon{close_quotes} - the system of Soviet designed regional waste management facilities  

SciTech Connect

The Soviet Union established a system of specialized regional facilities to dispose of radioactive waste generated by sources other than the nuclear fuel cycle. The system had 16 facilities in Russia, 5 in Ukraine, one in each of the other CIS states, and one in each of the Baltic Republics. These facilities are still being used. The major generators of radioactive waste they process these are research and industrial organizations, medical and agricultural institution and other activities not related to nuclear power. Waste handled by these facilities is mainly beta- and gamma-emitting nuclides with half lives of less than 30 years. The long-lived and alpha-emitting isotopic content is insignificant. Most of the radwaste has low and medium radioactivity levels. The facilities also handle spent radiation sources, which are highly radioactive and contain 95-98 percent of the activity of all the radwaste buried at these facilities.

Horak, W.C.; Reisman, A.; Purvis, E.E. III

1997-07-01

141

Planting the [open quote]seeds[close quote] for increased water availability for hydro  

SciTech Connect

Cloud seeding programs are providing some hydro producers with a way of increasing their water reserves on short notice and with relatively low cost. The fundamental formula has been known for half a century: clouds plus cold plus solid particles equal precipitation. What was not certain until more recently is how that relationship could be effectively used to alter the weather in positive ways. Research and practical experience now show that cloud seeding -- adding tiny solid particles to the right clouds at the right temperature -- works. More pertinent, evidence is mounting that hydropower producers can use well-designed, carefully times seeding programs to increase the amount of water available to their systems and thus enhance electricity generation. Cloud seeding has several advantages as a tool to augment hydroelectric production. Seeding programs typically require no capital investment by the utility or other power producer, and can be started and stopped on relatively short notice. Operating costs usually are less than $10 per acre-foot of additional streamflow. More broadly, the additional water produced for hydro generation has the environmental and community relations benefits of being reusable and less expensive than thermal power alternatives. There also normally are the additional benefits of increased water supplies for other users.

Griffith, D.A. (North American Weather Consultants, Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1993-08-01

142

Jardin botanico {open_quotes}Cerro Prieto, B.C.{close_quotes} Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field is located at North of the Baja California State in Mexico, (32{degrees}22` - 32{degrees}26` N, 115{degrees}12` - 115{degrees}18` W) is part of the Colorado River Delta geological sub-province. This geothermal field is the more important in Mexico and in Latin America. The surface occupied by the installations (power plants, wells and evaporation lake) is of 12 km{sup 2} and in future it may reach 20 km{sup 2}. The construction of a Botanical Garden is projected in this field. Their main objectives are: to preserve the botanical patrimony of the regional flora, to promote the botanical research and the adoption of educational programs on this address.

Gutierrez Gomez, C. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Michoacan (Mexico)

1996-12-31

143

Solar two: The [open quotes]Hot Button[close quotes] in solar energy  

SciTech Connect

In the early- and mid-1980s, Solar One was considered a scientific wonder that attracted worldwide attention. The glowing receiver at the top of a 300-foot tower, appearing white-hot from the reflection of more than 1,800 sun-tracking mirrors, was a highly visible symbol of solar power's potential. However, Solar One was only a test facility, and it closed after six years of operation. The 10-MW central-receiver solar thermal plant in the Mojave Desert, which was mothballed for five years, is now going to get a new life. During Fall 1993, work will begin to prepare the plant for its next test, one that is expected to pave the way for the construction of commercial solar plants 10 times its size.

Van Herik, E.

1993-01-01

144

Evidence found for a possible [open quote]aggression gene[close quote  

SciTech Connect

Researchers in the Netherlands are on the track of a genetic mutation in a large Dutch family that may cause periodic outbursts of aggression in its possessors. Han G. Brunner and his colleagues at Univ. Hospital in Nijmegen report evidence suggesting that a mutation in the gene for monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) may underlie the aggressive and sometimes violent behavior displayed by certain males in this family. A linkage between MAOA gene defect and behavioral problems would make biological sense because the enzyme encoded by the gene helps break down several neurotransmitters that might, if their concentrations build up abnormally, cause a person to respond excessively-and at times even violently-to stress. If this original report is borne out by further work, it would be the first time that a specific gene defect has been found to predispose its bearers to aggressive behavior. Using markers for the X chromosome, Brunner and his colleagues identified the MAO gene region as the likely site for the diseased gene.

Morell, V.

1993-06-18

145

TEACHING &QUOT;MATH-LITE"; CONSERVATION (BOOK REVIEW OF CONSERVATION BIOLOGY WITH RAMAS ECOLAB)  

EPA Science Inventory

This book is designed to serve as a laboratory workbook for an undergraduate course in conservation biology, environmental science, or natural resource management. By integrating with RAMAS EcoLab software, the book provides instructors with hands-on computer exercises that can ...

146

Belarus is a {open_quotes}touchstone{close_quotes} for public acceptance of nuclear power energy  

SciTech Connect

The economy of the Republic of Belarus which became an Independent state at the end of 1991, is in strained circumstances because of the shortage of its own energetic resources, and the deficit of generating electric capacities, The real way out of an energetic crisis is the development of own nuclear power as it is in Central and Eastern Europe. Besides, Belarus has suffered most of all other states as a result of the Chernobyl accident, located out of its borders. About a quarter of its population and lands are on the territory contaminated with radionuclides. That`s why the formation of public opinion is a key problem when deciding the problem of NPP construction in Belarus. Undoubtedly, the decision of this problem will exert influence on the prestige of nuclear power in the whole world.

Mikhalevich, A.A. [Institute of Power Engineering Problems, Minsk (Belarus)

1994-12-31

147

TAX DEDUCTIBLE SPENDING, ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES, AND THE &QUOT;DOUBLE DIVIDEND&QUOT; HYPOTHESIS. (R825313)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

148

{open_quotes}Open vessel{close_quotes} heat balance for TBP-nitric acid solutions  

SciTech Connect

Heat balances were performed for both single phase (organic) and two phase (organic and aqueous) TBP/HNO{sub 3} solutions at temperatures above 100{degrees}C. The balance included the heat produced from oxidation minus losses from evaporation and butylnitrate formation by esterification. Net heat measurements were performed using an isothermal calorimeter. Losses from evaporation were determined from the volume of condensate produced (ice bath trap) and the component concentrate Carbon and nitrogen balances were performed to determine the stoichiometry of the reaction. The heat from oxidation was then calculated using the heats of formation of the reactants and products. Balances were obtained assuming that the heat from esterification was near zero (negligibly small). For two layered reaction systems the net heat was maintained endothermic, and constant with time, due to the transport of water to the organic phase by bubble mixing at the interface. This transported was replaced the water lost in the organic phase by evaporation.

Smith, J.R.; Cavin, W.S.; Laurinat, J.E. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, Aiken, SC (United States)

1995-12-31

149

BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;DRINKING WATER REGULATION AND HEALTH&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

Since the enactment of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1974, several amendments and other new regulations have been developed for drinking water. The book, "Drinking Water Regulation and Health", explains these regulations and provides background on why they were developed ...

150

A novel form of {open_quotes}Tyrosinase-positive{close_quotes} oculocutaneous albinism  

SciTech Connect

Tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism (ty-pos OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which the biosynthesis of melanin pigment is greatly reduced in the skin, hair, and eyes. We have shown that typical ty-pos OCA (OCA2) results from mutations of the P gene in chromosome segment 15q11-q13. We have also shown that some patients diagnosed with ty-pos OCA actually have mild forms of type I OCA (OCAI), resulting from mutations at the tyrosinase (TYR) gene at 11q14-q21. However, in about one-third of patients with ty-pos OCA we have failed to identify abnormalities of either the P or TYR genes, suggesting the possible existence of a third ty-pos OCA locus. To test this hypothesis, we investigated a large, complex, inbred Pakistani kindred. Affected individuals exhibit slight skin pigmentation with no tanning, hair that is silver at birth and darkens somewhat over time, brown irides, and reduced visual acuity with nystagmus. SSCP/heteroduplex screening and complete DNA sequence analysis of TYR gene in the proband identified no abnormalities, and analysis of a CA repeat in the TYR gene promoter showed no linkage of ty-pos OCA to this marker in this kindred. SSCP/ heteroduplex screening of the P gene also detected no abnormalities, and the (inbred) proband was heterozygous for numerous intragenic polymorphisms. These data thus exclude TYP and P. We next carried out genetic linkage analyses and homozygisty mapping using various SSLP repeats at the locations of the human homologues of the mouse brown (TYRP, 9p23), slaty (13q32), and silver (12pter-q21) genes, all of which are associated with generalized hypopigmentation in mutant animals. However, we found no evidence of linkage of any of these markers. We are currently carrying out similar analyses using markers near the putative locations of the human homologues of several other mouse hypopigmentation genes in an effort to map this novel human ty-pos OCA locus.

Fukai, K.; Lee, S.T.; Bundey, S.; Spritz, R.A. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)]|[Birmingham Maternity Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

1994-09-01

151

The {open_quotes}obligation to serve{close_quotes} and a competitive electric industry  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an assessment of what the ``obligation to serve`` might look like in a competitive electric industry. Broadly, this research has three objectives: to define the ``duty to serve`` of a competitive electric industry; to identify those companies to whom that duty applies; and to explain how that duty protects residual classes.

Colton, R.D. [Fisher, Sheehan and Colton (United States)

1997-11-01

152

Student Understanding of the Use of Quotes and Paraphrases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines journalism students' responses to a news story containing multiple sources where one side is presented in direct quotation form and the other side is presented in paraphrased form. Shows that advanced journalism students evaluated the story as significantly less balanced and significantly less fair than did beginning journalism students.…

Gibson, Rhonda; Hester, Joe Bob

2000-01-01

153

NRC Facts and Quotes Reference Page 1 September 28, 2010  

E-print Network

-ranking) and 40 fields (s-ranking) · All Cornell discipline groups were represented in the top 10, which testifies to our breadth of study (agricultural and life sciences, physical sciences and engineering, social sciences, humanities and arts). · Two Cornell fields overlapped with the #1 position: food science

Keinan, Alon

154

How 'modern&CloseCurlyQuote; is the modern apprenticeship?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the fact that some sectors of industry are facing major skills shortages, the Scottish labour market continues to be characterised by occupational segregation and a large disparity between the wages of women and men. The concentration of individuals in occupations and training based on their gender effectively restricts the pool of potential recruits to industry and is unlikely to

Jim Campbell; Ailsa Mckay; Emily Thomson

2005-01-01

155

DRAFT June 8th 2006 DO NOT QUOTE  

E-print Network

and intelligence. The brief for Theme 3 asked us to focus on spatial patterns within the regional economy and patterns of the manner in which individuals/ groups operate within the West Midlands (with national of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences (GEES) at Birmingham University to lead this work for us

Birmingham, University of

156

Film quality in relation to deposition conditions of {ital a}-SI:H films deposited by the {open_quote}{open_quote}hot wire{close_quote}{close_quote} method using highly diluted silane  

SciTech Connect

The deposition parameter space has been extensively explored using the hot wire technique with 1{percent} SiH{sub 4} in He as a source gas. To achieve reasonable deposition rates despite the high dilution, the filament was positioned at 1{endash}2 cm from the substrate. This short distance introduced a large nonuniformity across the substrate in deposition rate as well as in film properties. These spatial variations were used to analyze which factors in the deposition determine film quality. Radiation from the filament as well as deposition rate cannot explain the large variation in film properties, leaving gas-phase reactions of Si and H from the hot filament as the primary cause. It is clear that radicals evaporated from the filament must undergo gas-phase reactions with SiH{sub 4} before deposition in order to produce high-quality material. Thus, conditions such as increasing the chamber pressure or going to a heavier carrier gas increase the fraction of radicals that can react before reaching the substrate and, therefore, improve the film quality. However, such conditions also enhance multiple radical reactions before such radicals reach the substrate and this can have a negative effect on film quality: this is attributed to gas-phase nucleation with incorporation of conglomerates. The gas-phase chemistry is quite different from that of plasma-enhanced decomposition in that no disilane or trisilane is formed in significant quantities. This, and the dependence on pressure, indicates that the pathway for formation of these heavier particles is radical{endash}radical reactions. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Molenbroek, E.C.; Mahan, A.H.; Johnson, E.J. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Gallagher, A.C. [Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)] [Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States)

1996-05-01

157

Quote of the day: Spring now comes unheralded by the  

E-print Network

mornings are strangely silent where once they were filled with the beauty of bird song. Rachel CarsonLongevity · Considerable interspecific variation · Correlated with patterns of reproduction · N. American Longevity recordsBreeding ProgramsPrograms · Monitoring Avian Productivity & Survival · Origin: 1980s · Methods: 1. Standardized mist

Johnson, Matthew

158

Thermal state of the safety system, reactor, side reflector and shielding of the {open_quote}{open_quote}TOPAZ-2{close_quote}{close_quote} system under conditions of fire caused by a launcher accident at the launch pad  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents some results of calculational analyses performed to determine thermal state of the TOPAZ II safety system structure, radiation shielding, reactor without the side reflector, rods and inserts of the side reflector under conditions of fire at the launch pad when an accident occurs to a launch vehicle. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Grinberg, E.I.; Doschatov, V.V.; Nikolaev, V.S.; Sokolov, N.S. [``Red Star`` State Enterprise, Moscow 115230 (Russia); Usov, V.A. [RRC ``Kurchatov Institute``, Moscow 123182 (Russia)

1996-03-01

159

Intermodal transportation simulation system {open_quotes}A new prototype for the 21st century{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

The National Aviation and Transportation Center{reg_sign} (NAT Center) has established the first Intermodal Transportation Simulation System (OTSS) in the United States. This system identifies and contributes to the solution of intermodal transportation problems using computer-based simulation that includes all three spatial dimensions: aerial, surface and subsurface. The system utilizes the five human senses and all modes of transportation related to air, land and sea. The first phase of this program is supported by a $2.9 million United States Department of Transportation grant. This funding was used to recently establish an advanced technology simulation laboratory. The simulation laboratory is used for strategic planning and problem solving, environmental issues, route and system planning, public participation and conflict resolution, emergency preparedness and risk assessment, human factor issues, logistics and scheduling, economic development as well as financial feasibility and business planning. This technology helps define the systems that enable transportation specialists to better understand the movement of people and goods in a safe and efficient manner using risk-free and less environmentally intrusive training techniques. The simulation system is capable of evaluating problems and provide training at the micro and macro levels. Micro activities include operator-level training, planning and gaming; macro activities range from regional planning to project design and evaluation. Some of the other activities involve personnel and equipment resource management and electronic multimedia simulations applied to large-scale transportation projects and issues using electronic rehearsal exercises. Key to the use of this simulation based facility is the enhancement of transportation that has economic development benefits.

Bragdon, C.R.; Berkowitz, C.M. [Dowling College, Oakdale, NY (United States)

1996-12-31

160

PREFACE TO: &QUOT;PHARMACEUTICALS AND PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: SCIENTIFIC AND REGULATORY ISSUES&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

Often overlooked in our daily lives are the inescapable, intimate, and immediate connections between our personal activities and the environment in which we live. This is especially true with regard to the use and disposal of consumer chemicals. A significant aspect of our global...

161

COMMENT ON &QUOT;PERCHLORATE IDENTIFICATION IN FERTILIZERS&QUOT; AND THE SUBSEQUENT ADDITION/CORRECTION [LETTER TO EDITOR  

EPA Science Inventory

Perchlorate contamination has been reported in several fertilizer materials and not just in mined Chile saltpeter, where it is a welo-known natural impurity. To survey fertilizers for perchlorate, two analytical techniques have been applied to 45 products that span agricultural, ...

162

2,2&QUOT;,4,4&QUOT;-TETRABROMODIPHENYL (PBDE 47) ALTERS THYROID FUNCTION IN THE RAT.  

EPA Science Inventory

Two commercial PBDE mixtures, DE-71 and DE-79, cause dose-dependent depletion of serum T4 via induction of UGTs and increased CYP1A1 activity. This work characterized the effect of a major congener, PBDE-47, in DE-71 for effects on hepatic enzymes and thyroid hormones. Female 27...

163

{open_quotes}Optical Guiding{close_quotes} limits on extraction efficiencies of single-pass, tapered wiggler amplifiers  

SciTech Connect

Single-pass, tapered wiggler amplifiers have an attractive feature of being able, in theory at least, of extracting a large portion of the electron beam energy into light. In circumstances where an optical FEL wiggler length is significantly longer than the Rayleigh length Z{sub R} corresponding to the electron beam radius, diffraction losses must be controlled via the phenomenon of optical guiding. Since the strength of the guiding depends upon the effective refractive index n exceeding one, and since (n-1) is inversely proportional to the optical electric field, there is a natural limiting mechanism to the on-axis field strength and thus the rate at which energy may be extracted from the electron beam. In particular, the extraction efficiency for a prebunched beam asymptotically grows linearly with z rather than quadratically. We present analytical and numerical simulation results concerning this behavior and discuss its applicability to various FEL designs including oscillator/amplifier-radiator configurations.

Fawley, W.M.

1995-08-01

164

Direct fluorination of nitrogen-containing ladder polymers, two new [open quotes]graphitic[close quotes] fluorocarbon polymers  

SciTech Connect

Paracyanogen and pyrolyzed poly(acrylonitrile) have been perfluorinated using elemental fluorine and have retained their polymeric fused ring structures. The two new materials produced by this method were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, electron impact mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, iodometric titration, and thermogravimetric analysis. Some chemical and physical properties are discussed as well as several possible applications in light of the discussed properties of these materials. 21 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Kampa, J.J.; Lagow, R.J. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States))

1993-04-01

165

Improved power quality with {open_quotes}Written-Pole{close_quotes}{sup trademark} motor-generators and motors  

SciTech Connect

Written-Pole{trademark} motor-generators and motors improve power quality because the magnetic pattern of rotor field poles can be changed while the machines operate. Applied in a motor-generator set, pole writing allows the generator to produce high quality constant frequency output at variable speed. The motor efficiently operates its own high inertial energy rotor as a flywheel energy storage device. The M-G set provides continuous on-line isolation between the electrical distribution system and load. It also rides through blackouts of 15 seconds or more while supplying full load at exact frequency and regulated voltage. Rotating flywheel energy is used, thereby eliminating the need for batteries for uninterruptible power. Power quality is also improved for the electrical distribution system because the generator prevents harmonic feedback. The motor is a unity power factor load with negligible harmonics and has added advantages of high efficiency and very low inrush current during across-the-line starts. Mechanical loads such as pumps and fans can be driven by written-pole motors. These can also have advantages of load ride-through during momentary power interruptions and can instantly restart. Additionally, low starting current significantly reduces voltage sags on the distribution system, improving power quality. Such motors are being developed in single-phase with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and member utilities. The paper describes the benefits for power quality as a result of written-pole machines.

Morash, R.T. [Precise Power Corp., Bradenton, FL (United States)

1995-12-31

166

{open_quotes}Secure Bus{close_quotes} disturbance-free power at the utility substation level  

SciTech Connect

Over the last 18 months Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM), El Camino Real Engineering, Inc. (CRE), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) have worked on the development of disturbance-free power at the medium voltage substation level. The work resulted in the Secure Bus concept, a system in which a medium voltage bus in a substation is immune to power outages and voltage sags on the utility source. The Secure Bus voltage is also immune to voltage sags resulting from faults on any distribution feeder connected to the bus. The Secure Bus concept originated from work conducted to improve power quality for large high-tech manufacturing facilities, in particular for large semiconductor manufacturing plants. For the demands on quality power of a modern facility conventional equipment is not adequate for protecting the end user. For example, the operation of conventional vacuum breakers during short circuit conditions on a feeder circuit, requiring 3 to 5 cycles for breaker opening, does not allow for fast enough current interruption to avoid a voltage dip on the main bus. A sever voltage sag could result in a shut down of sensitive equipment being supplied by the other feeder circuits, which are connected to the main bus. The circumvent the problem, a fast breaker was introduced which interrupts the short circuit before the current causes a significant voltage disturbance. To make the bus immune also to power disturbances caused by power outages, energy storage is introduced to provide the necessary energy back-up in case the primary source is not available.

Boenig, H.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Jones, W.H. [El Camino Real Engineering, Inc., Corrales, NM (United States)

1996-12-01

167

APPLICATION OF &QUOT;REAL-TIME"; MONITORING IN DECISION MAKING: THE NEW BEDFORD HARBOR PILOT DREDGING PROJECT  

EPA Science Inventory

A decision-making framework was established for assessing the impacts of a pilot dredging study at the New Bedford Harbor, MA, Superfund site. oncern over possible environmental impacts due to dredging at this site necessitated that a monitoring program be implemented to ensure t...

168

Quote Summary_686720515 Dell Tier 2 Laptop Quote_686720515.html[7/22/2014 10:19:22 AM  

E-print Network

contact your sales professional as soon as possible. Sales Professional Information SALES REP: JAI FIELDS PHONE: 1800 - 4563355 Email Address: Harry_Fields@Dell.com Phone Ext: 5139355 GROUP: 1 QUANTITY: 1 (includes Windows 8.1 Pro 64bit License and Media) (536-BBBM) 1 Non-Canada Orders only (332-1286) 1 6-cell

Li, X. Rong

169

Quote Summary_686625384 Dell Tier 1 Laptop Quote_686625384.html[7/22/2014 10:18:43 AM  

E-print Network

Professional Information SALES REP: JAI FIELDS PHONE: 1800 - 4563355 Email Address: Harry_Fields@Dell.com Phone errors or desire certain changes please contact your sales professional as soon as possible. Sales-1286) 1 6-cell (65Wh) Lithium Ion battery with ExpressCharge (451-BBDW) 1 No Wireless WAN Card (362-BBBB

Li, X. Rong

170

Construction and analysis of a panel of {open_quotes}whole genome{close_quotes} radiation hybrids  

SciTech Connect

In an effort to generate a single panel of radiation hybrid cell lines that can be used to construct a radiation hybrid map of the entire human genome, we have fused diploid male human lymphoblastoid cells exposed to 8000 rad of X-rays with unirradiated Chinese hamster cells deficient for the enzyme thymidine kinase (TK), and selected for radiation hybrids in the presence of HAT selective medium. Genomic DNA isolated from each of 85 independent hybrids was assayed in duplicate for the presence of 100 STSs representing at least two STSs from each of the 23 human chromosomes. The retention frequency of individual markers was found to vary from 5% to 58%, with an average retention of 17%. In addition, each radiation hybrid was scored for the retention of 85 STSs derived from a 25 Mb region of the proximal short arm of chromosome 4. An algorithm developed specifically for use with diploid radiation hybrid data was used to construct a map. Our results indicate that this set of diploid radiation hybrids can be used to construct a radiation hybrid map of the entire human genome at an average resolution of approximately 500kb.

Cox, D.R.; O`Connor, K.; Hebert, S. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01

171

Mechanism of chromosome exchange formation in human fibroblasts: Insights from [open quotes]chromosome painting[close quotes  

SciTech Connect

The authors have used the techniques of premature chromosome condensation (PCC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a library for human chromosome 4 to analyze the rate of rejoining of chromosome breaks and development of exchange aberrations in AG1522 human fibroblasts. AG1522 cells were irradiated in plateau phase with 10 Gy and fused with mitotic HeLa cells either immediately after irradiation or at intervals up to eight days later. The slides were then hybridized with the chromosome 4 library and unrejoined breaks and exchange events (visualized as bicolor chromosomes) scored in these cells. At the earliest time point after irradiation, the number of exchange events in the irradiated cells was low, but increased with kinetics similar to that of the joining of the breaks. Furthermore, when those cells which had exchange events for their distribution were analyzed , almost all of the cells initially contained one exchange event (1 bicolor chromosome). As time progressed, the number of cells containing exchanges with two exchange events per cell increased as the number with one exchange event per cell decreased. Extrapolation of the number of exchange events to zero time (with an estimate of 20 min for the fusion and condensation times) gave a value consistent with zero exchanges at zero time after irradiation. In a separate experiment, the authors also scored AG1522 cells at the first metaphase after a dose of 6 Gy and were able to show that as many as 50% of the complete exchanges were non-reciprocal in nature, that is, the two broken ends of a single break in chromosome 4 joined to two different chromosomes. These data support the classical breakage-and-reunion model rather than the Revell Exchange Theory of exchange formation. 20 refs., 5 figs.

Brown, J.M.; Evans, J.W.; Kovacs, M.S. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

1993-01-01

172

Coal air turbine {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} program invention 604. Fourth quarter project report, July 1995--September 1995  

SciTech Connect

A coal air turbine `CAT` generates electric power and heat from coal combustion. The purpose of this project is the conceptual design of a `CAT` plant, and to make a comparison of the capital cost and and cost of power and steam from the `CAT` plant with power produced by alternate plants at the same site. Three configurations investigated include: condensing plant utilizing coal fuel and a condenser tower, or river, for cooling; a cogeneration plant utilizing coal and a steam turbine; and a cogeneration plant utilizing steam export and injection with waste coal fuel.

Foster-Pegg, R.W.

1995-10-31

173

Laboratory {open_quotes}proof of principle{close_quotes} investigation for the acoustically enhanced remediation technology  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a three phase program of Weiss Associates which investigates the systematics of using acoustic excitation fields (AEFs) to enhance the in-situ remediation of contaminated soil and ground water under both saturated and unsaturated conditions. The focus in this particular paper is a laboratory proof of principle investigation. The field deployment and engineering viability of acoustically enhanced remediation technology is also examined.

Iovenitti, J.L.; Spencer, J.W.; Hill, D.G. [and others

1995-12-01

174

Development of NZP ceramic based {open_quotes}cast-in-place{close_quotes} diesel engine port liners  

SciTech Connect

BSX (Ba{sub 1+x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6-2x}Si{sub 2x}O{sub 24}) and CSX (Ca{sub l-x}Sr{sub x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6}O{sub 24}) type NZP ceramics were fabricated and characterized for: (i) thermal properties viz., thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, thermal stability and thermal shock resistance; (ii) mechanical properties viz., flexure strength and elastic modulus; and (iii) microstructures. Results of these tests and analysis indicated that the BS-25 (x=0.25 in BSX) and CS-50 (x=0.50 in CSX) ceramics had the most desirable properties for casting metal with ceramic in place. Finite element analysis (FEA) of metal casting (with ceramic in place) was conducted to analyze thermomechanical stresses generated and determine material property requirements. Actual metal casting trials were also conducted to verify the results of finite element analysis. In initial trials, the ceramic cracked because of the large thermal expansion mismatch (hoop) stresses (predicted by FEA also). A process for introduction of a compliant layer between the metal and ceramic to alleviate such destructive stresses was developed. The compliant layer was successful in preventing cracking of either the ceramic or the metal. In addition to these achievements, pressure slip casting and gel-casting processes for fabrication of NZP components; and acoustic emission and ultrasonics-based NDE techniques for detection of microcracks and internal flaws, respectively, were successfully developed.

Nagaswaran, R.; Limaye, S.Y.

1996-02-01

175

Do more with less-make your trash can {open_quotes}A lonely trash can{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

A paper recycling program in North Carolina is described in this paper. Problems with the current paper recycling system are identified. A new system is proposed to address these problems. A cost analysis of the system is compared to a cost analysis of a proposed system; the proposed system cost is significantly lower.

Yelton, D. [Buncombe County, Asheville, NC (United States)

1996-08-01

176

Global arrays: A portable {open_quotes}shared-memory{close_quotes} programming model for distributed memory computers  

SciTech Connect

Portability, efficiency, and ease of coding are all important considerations in choosing the programming model for a scalable parallel application. The message-passing programming model is widely used because of its portability, yet some applications are too complex to code in it while also trying to maintain a balanced computation load and avoid redundant computations. The shared-memory programming model simplifies coding, but it is not portable and often provides little control over interprocessor data transfer costs. This paper describes a new approach, called Global Arrays (GA), that combines the better features of both other models, leading to both simple coding and efficient execution. The key concept of GA is that it provides a portable interface through which each process in a MIMD parallel program can asynchronously access logical blocks of physically distributed matrices, with no need for explicit cooperation by other processes. The authors have implemented GA libraries on a variety of computer systems, including the Intel DELTA and Paragon, the IBM SP-1 (all message-passers), the Kendall Square KSR-2 (a nonuniform access shared-memory machine), and networks of Unix workstations. They discuss the design and implementation of these libraries, report their performance, illustrate the use of GA in the context of computational chemistry applications, and describe the use of a GA performance visualization tool.

Harrison, R.J.; Nieplocha, J.; Littlefield, R.J.

1994-11-01

177

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF &QUOT;STAGNATION CURVES&QUOT; FOR LEAD AND COPPER, AND WATER QUALITY FACTORS AFFECTING THEM  

EPA Science Inventory

"Stagnation curves" are the response of metal levels, particularly lead and copper, to time under conditions of no water flow. Research on lead pipe in the early 1980's in the United States, Germany, and in the United Kingdom suggested that they were characterized by rapid incre...

178

Development and properties of the {open_quotes}Stonehart{close_quotes} humidity stabilized perfluoro-polymer membrane  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that water plays in the Polymer (or Proton) Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs -- also called PEFCs). Since proton conduction is the main ionic charge carrier, it is worthwhile to examine how this happens and how the water interacts with the perfluoro-polymer structures; examining the microstructure of the membranes and how they have been modified to overcome the water transport limitations inherent in the PEMFC.

Stonehart, P. [Stonehart Associates Inc., Madison, CT (United States)

1996-12-31

179

TRANSPORT, RADIATIVE, AND DYNAMICAL EFFECTS OF THE ANTARCTIC OZONE HOLE: A GFDL &QUOT;SKYHI"; MODEL EXPERIMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The GFDL 'SKYHI' general circulation model has been used to simulate the effect of the Antarctic "ozone hole" phenomenon on the radiative and dynamical environment of the lower stratosphere. oth the polar ozone destruction and photochemical restoration chemistries are calculated ...

180

CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF IN UTERO ADMINISTRATION OF MIXTURES OF &QUOT;ANTIANDROGENS"; ON MALE RAT REPRODUCTIVIE DEVELOPMENT.  

EPA Science Inventory

Although risk assessments are typically conducted on a chemical-bychemical basis, the 1996 Food Quality Protection Act Law requires the USEPA to consider cumulative risk of chemicals that act via a common mode/mechanism of action. To this end, we are conducti...

181

AN &QUOT;INJURY-TIME INTEGRAL&QUOT; MODEL FOR RELATING ACUTE TO CHRONIC INJURY TO PHOSGENE  

EPA Science Inventory

ABSTRACT The present study compares acute and subchronic episodic exposures to phosgene to test the applicability of the "concentration x time" (C x T) product as a measure of exposure dose, and to relate acute toxicity and adaptive responses to chronic toxicity. Rats (m...

182

United States based agricultural {open_quotes}waste products{close_quotes} as fillers in a polypropylene homopolymer  

SciTech Connect

With the advent of modern coupling agents (MAPP or maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene), the potential use of various types of renewable, sustainable agricultural byproducts as fillers in thermoplastics is explored. Over 7.7 billion pounds of fillers were used in the plastics industry in 1993. With sharp price increases in commodity thermoplastics (i.e. approximately 25% in 94`), the amount of fillers in thermoplastic materials will increase throughout the 90`s. Various types of agricultural fibers are evaluated for mechanical properties vs. 50% wood flour and 40% talc filled polypropylene (PP). The fibers included in this study are: kenaf core, oat straw, wheat straw, oat hulls, wood flour (pine), corncob, hard corncob, rice hulls, peanut hulls, corn fiber, soybean hull, residue, and jojoba seed meal. Composite interfaces were modified with MAPP to improve the mechanical properties through increased adhesion between the hydrophilic and polar fibers with the hydrophobic and non-polar matrix. The agro-waste composites had compositions of 50% agro-waste/48% PP/2% MAPP. All of the agricultural waste by-products were granulated through a Wiley mill with a 30 mesh screen and compounded in a high intensity shear-thermo kinetic mixer. The resultant blends were injection molded into ASTM standard samples and tested for tensile, flexural, and impact properties. This paper reports on the mechanical properties of the twelve resultant composites and compares them to wood flour and talc-filled polypropylene composites. The mechanical properties of kenaf core, oat straw, wheat straw, and oat hulls compare favorably to the wood flour and talc-filled PP, which are both commercially available and used in the automotive and furniture markets.

Jacobson, R.E.; Rowell, R.M.; Caulfield, D.F. [Forest Products Lab., Madison, WI (United States)] [and others

1995-11-01

183

SSC 17-meter dipole magnet DD000Z test results and investigation of coil failure: The report of the {open_quotes}Z{close_quotes} Committee  

SciTech Connect

Following the failure of the lower inner coil of magnet DD000Z on November 3, 1987, a committee was formed on November 11 and given the following charges: `To review the events leading up to and including the failure of the coils of magnet DD000Z. The intent of the review will be to determine the cause of the failure and to make recommendations to reduce the likelihood of such failures in the future. Given the fact that this is the first long magnet to be disassembled, the committee may uncover leads which point to other opportunities for improvement. The committee should follow up on these leads. The committee should prepare a plan to serve as an initial guide for the disassembly and provide guidance as the disassembly progresses.` The committee held its first meeting at FNAL on 17 and 18 Nov to review the record of events leading up to the failure and to establish an initial disassembly procedure. This was followed by further meetings at FNAL, BNL, and CDG, leading to this final report. Committee activities included interviewing personnel who had been involved in the design, assembly and testing of DD000Z, reviewing all documents relating to the magnet and its failure, and participating in and providing guidance during the disassembly. The intention of the committee was to report factual findings, to consider well founded hypotheses, not to consider conjecture and to avoid speculation.

Coombes, R. [ed.; Mirk, K.; Tompkins, J.; Zbasnik, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Lundy, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Schneider, W.; Wanderer, P. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1988-03-01

184

Preparation of 3R- and 3S-methyl isomers of the myocardial imaging agent 15-(p-IODOPHENYL)-3-methylpentadecanoic acid ({open_quotes}BMIPP{close_quotes})  

SciTech Connect

Iodine-123-labeled racemic BMIPP is used for clinical evaluation of heart disease. To evaluate the expected importance of configuration of the asymmetric C-3 center, we have synthesized the 3R-isomer. 6-Phenylhexanoyl chloride was condensed with thiophene (Friedel-Crafts), followed by Wolff-Kishner reduction and subsequent acylation with the ethyl-3-R-methylglutaroyl chloride, Wolff-Kishner reduction and Raney-Ni ring opening. Para Thallation (TTFA)/KI provided 3R-BMIPP, m.p. 51-52{degrees}C, [{alpha}{sub D}] = +0.74{degrees}. The diastereomeric amide mixture was prepared by reaction of racemic 3-R,S-BMIPP with (S)-(-)-{alpha}-methylbenzylamine. Chromatographic separation and HCl hydrolysis (at 175{degrees}C) provided the 3R- and 3S- (m.p. 45-46{degrees}C, [{alpha}{sub D}] = -1.67{degrees}) BMIPP isomers. The more polar amide (m.p. 93-94{degrees}C) was identical with the amide from the synthetic 3R-BMIPP (m.p., HPLC, NMR). Availability of the 3R- and 3S-BMIPP isomers will permit preparation of the radioiodinated isomers and animal evaluation to determine the effects of the methyl group configuration on myocardial uptake and metabolism.

Lin, Q. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); [Xavier Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States); Luo, J.; Mokler, F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1996-10-01

185

24th WRSM panel discussion: {open_quotes}The role of research in nuclear regulation: The case of qualified importers{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Scientific knowledge and technological maturity are needed to establish regulatory requirements, what also needs talent and skills. Scientists are rarely interested in regulation and regulators not always are closely connected to scientific research. This has created gaps in regulations, mainly within qualified importers. A qualified importer, in the sense of this presentation, is a country who has acquired nuclear power plants from more technologically advanced exporters but with an increasing participation of its own industry and institutions in the design, construction, component manufacture and assembly of such nuclear power plants and is fully responsible for the operation of the nuclear units and the corresponding fuel cycle. These countries have also a long standing and independent nuclear regulatory organization and the corresponding technical body. Spain is a qualified importer. In the case of Spain, it originally adopted the codes and regulations of the UE which it was a member of, as well as the codes and standards of the country from which their reactors were produced. Since Spain added KWU plants they even went to German regulations. Plant operation rested with Spain. As problems began to appear in operating plants, local research projects were funded to study the problems, aimed at immediate solutions, but also providing training for local personnel in addition to information of use for regulators. Spain has participated in many joint research projects, which have trained people, and given confidence to Spaniards involved in science and regulations. Qualified importers, like Spain, participate in research, even though it may not translate itself into regulation. Such participation will always serve to give self-confidence and independence to regulators and licensees, to better understand the adopted regulations of the most advanced countries and to solve specific problems.

Alonso, A. [Consejo de Seguridad Nuclear, Madrid (Spain)

1997-01-01

186

Review of recent studies from central and eastern Europe associating respiratory health effects with high levels of exposure to {open_quotes}traditional{close_quotes} air pollutants  

SciTech Connect

The serious environmental problems caused by decades of Communist mismanagement of natural resources in countries of Central and Eastern Europe have been brought to light in recent years. All environmental media, including air, water, food, and soil have been burdened with toxic chemicals. Large segments of the population have been, and are now being exposed to air pollution levels exceeding guidelines established by western countries and by international health organizations. This review focuses on epidemiologic evidence regarding health effects of poor air quality in Central and Eastern Europe. It appears that short-term high levels of air pollutants (primarily particulates and SO{sub 2}) may increase mortality in sensitive parts of the population. Associations were also seen between air pollution levels and prevalence of respiratory diseases as well as lung function disturbances in adults and children. One study indicated that urban air pollution increased the risk of lung cancer. Several investigations pointed to strong interactions between risk factors. The poor scientific standard of the studies often makes it difficult to evaluate the findings. Several steps should be taken to develop environmental epidemiology in Central and Eastern Europe, including international collaboration in research projects and training. 30 refs., 1 fig., 11 tabs.

Jedrychowski, W. [Univ. Medical School, Cracow (Poland)

1995-03-01

187

A new [open quotes]123[close quotes] family: LnBa[sub 2]Fe[sub 3]O[sub z]. III. Ln = Gd  

SciTech Connect

An electron diffraction and microscopy study performed on the system LnBa[sub 2]Fe[sub 3]O[sub z] has shown the presence of new perovskite-related superstructures as a function of both Ln and oxygen stoichiometry. These materials constitute the members n = 1 (Ln = Dy, Ho), n = 3/2 (Ln = Gd), n = 4/3 (Ln = Gd, when overheated at 1300[degrees]C for 15 days), and n = 2 (Ln = Nd) of a homologous series with the general formula Ln[sub 1/3]Ba[sub 2/3]FeO[sub 3[minus](1/2n+1)]. A modulated structural approach to LnBa[sub 2]Fe[sub 3]O[sub z] over the description of these phases is discussed.

Garcia-Gonzalez, E.; Parras, M.; Gonzalez-Calbet, J.M. (Universidad Complutense, Madrid (Spain)); Vallet-Regi, M. (Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, Correos (Spain))

1994-05-01

188

PLATFORM SESSION &QUOT;IMMUNOTOXICOLOGY";, SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY 45TH ANNUAL MEETING, MARCH 5-9, 2006, SAN DIEGO, CA  

EPA Science Inventory

For many years the primary endpoints for evaluating the toxicity of xenobiotics were carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. However, it gradually became apparent that exposure to chemicals at levels lower than those shown to be directly carcinogenic may negatively impact other facets...

189

DETERMINING THE &QUOT;MARGIN OF INCREMENTAL EXPOSURE&QUOT;: AN APPROACH TO ASSESSING NON-CANCER HEALTH EFFECTS OF DIOXINS  

EPA Science Inventory

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance issued in April 1994 for performing screening level risk analyses of emissions from facilities that burn hazardous waste does not address the evaluation of non-cancer health effects from dioxin emissions. Historically, EPA has ...

190

Summary evaluation of the video, {open_quotes}Transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials: Safety for all concerned{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Outreach materials are often developed and distributed without evaluation of their effectiveness. This report provides a glimpse of the effectiveness of one of the US Department of Energy`s videos on transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials. Data from a survey developed by Modern Talking Picture Service, Inc. are summarized. This survey was sent to recipients of the video at three to six weeks after they had received and viewed the video. The response rate is unknown; hence, the results suggest the range of perspectives on the video, rather than the representativeness of those perspectives. The results are also limited by incomplete responses to the survey. Most respondents were middle school and high school teachers who resided throughout the country. Respondents used the video in nearly all school subjects. Most respondents indicated that the video was fairly good and appreciated the factual information, although some saw it as propaganda. Respondents indicated that they would like additional information on hazardous wastes, nuclear power, and transportation. The test crashes were mentioned as a highlight of the video. Recommendations for revising the video and survey are included.

Monroe, M.C.; Young, C.F.

1993-07-01

191

Accident analysis of railway transportation of low-level radioactive and hazardous chemical wastes: Application of the /open quotes/Maximum Credible Accident/close quotes/ concept  

SciTech Connect

The maximum credible accident (MCA) approach to accident analysis places an upper bound on the potential adverse effects of a proposed action by using conservative but simplifying assumptions. It is often used when data are lacking to support a more realistic scenario or when MCA calculations result in acceptable consequences. The MCA approach can also be combined with realistic scenarios to assess potential adverse effects. This report presents a guide for the preparation of transportation accident analyses based on the use of the MCA concept. Rail transportation of contaminated wastes is used as an example. The example is the analysis of the environmental impact of the potential derailment of a train transporting a large shipment of wastes. The shipment is assumed to be contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls and low-level radioactivities of uranium and technetium. The train is assumed to plunge into a river used as a source of drinking water. The conclusions from the example accident analysis are based on the calculation of the number of foreseeable premature cancer deaths the might result as a consequence of this accident. These calculations are presented, and the reference material forming the basis for all assumptions and calculations is also provided.

Ricci, E.; McLean, R.B.

1988-09-01

192

The {open_quotes}ASR{close_quotes} story where we are and how we got there: A history of Sandia National Laboratories maintenance employee safety committee  

SciTech Connect

The Area Safety Representative (ASR) Team is an employee based safety committee that was originated in the latter part of 1994. It was introduced by the Operations and Engineering Center ES&H Coordinator who had heard about an employee based safety program implemented at the EG&G Corporation. This information was the first step in creating Sandia`s Maintenance `Area Safety Representative` (ASR) Program. An advertisement went out from the ES&H Coordinator to all the Maintenance Organizations asking for individuals who would be interested in performing as a volunteer safety representative for their section. The interest was moderate but effective. The committee consisted of one volunteer from each of the working sections within the Maintenance Organization, e.e., HVAC Mechanics, Electricians, Millwrights, Plumbers, Sheetmetal Workers, High-Voltage Technicians, a Union Representative, and representatives from the Operations Group that manage sub-contracted personnel. During the past year, organizational changes have brought about the addition of representatives to include the Planners and the Custodians. The original committee members were enrolled in a 30-hour OSHA Voluntary Compliance Outreach Course. This information provided the members with a broad overview of the Safety Guidelines set forth by OSHA for themselves and their coworkers. It is to be noted that this is an employee based safety team. There are no supervisors or managers on the committee but their attendance is always welcomed at the ASR meetings.

NONE

1997-08-01

193

REPLY TO COMMENT ON &QUOT;SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF SEA-SALT EMISSIONS AS A FUNCTION OF RELATIVE HUMIDITY&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents a response to the discussion by Ernie Lewis and Steven Schwartz, which was spurred by the publication of our Technical Note. The equations that we proposed initially are modified slightly based on the comments by Lewis and Schwartz....

194

Characterization of printing and laser trimming of DuPont 2000 series resistors on DuPont 951 {open_quotes}Green Tape{trademark}{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

DuPont 2000 series resistors were reviewed and found to come closest to our requirement of 1% resistor tolerance over the expected 30-year life of our products. The evaluation performed involved the characterization of both the printing and trimming processes. The printing process was characterized for firing temperature print thickness, print direction, resistor geometry and encapsulant effect. Laser trimming was characterized by first finding an operating envelope and then selecting an operating point. The envelope was located by varying the trimming parameters and determining their acceptability to electrical and visual criteria. Samples from both the envelope and operating point were environmentally conditioned The conditioning included thermal shock temperature cycle, 1000-hour temperature aging, 1000-hour humidity aging, and a simulated gold/tin solder reflow.

Morgenstern, H.; Bandler, S.; Barner, G.

1996-10-01

195

Bananas, allegators, and {open_quotes}hot rocks that shoot ghost bullets{close_quotes}: Sitings along the trail to an MRS  

SciTech Connect

Building new electric power facilities in a community used to be greeted warmly by that community. However, during the 20 year hiatus in power plant siting, opposition to siting just about every kind of facility has grown. The challenge to site a monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility for the temporary storage of commercial spent nuclear fuel is monumental but not insurmountable. The safety and environmental records on commercial spent-fuel storage to date are impressive. This article gives an overall perspective on siting an MRS. Topics covered include the following: the Nuclear waste Policy Act; the Nuclear Waste Negotiator; DOE`s Feasibility Grand`s program; Looking back at past efforts; using portable information in some areas; and where the efforts go now in trying to site a MRS.

Trebules, V.; Kane, D.

1994-04-01

196

A NEW TYPE OF &QUOT;LAKE EFFECT&QUOT;? - SEICHE-DRIVEN NUTRIENT INPUT TO A COASTAL GREAT LAKE ECOSYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

Like tidal influx at the ocean-estuarine discontinuity, the action of seiches upon coastal ecosystems of large lakes is understudied and the complexity warrants an array of biological, chemical, and physical approaches....

197

Sequential {open_quotes}double-Michael{close_quotes} additions of dienolates with C{sub 60}: Rapid access to sterically congested Buckminsterfullerene derivatives with defined stereochemistry  

SciTech Connect

This article focuses on the success of establishing an easy method for the synthesis of sterically crowded fullerene derivatives. The target molecule diastereomeric alcohol 1 was readily available and will allow for the testing of the inhibition of HIV-1 protease. 11 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Ganapathi, P.S.; Rubin, Y. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Friedman, S.H.; Kenyon, G.L. [Univ. of California, San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-05-19

198

Oil spill Cleanup: {open_quote}windows of opportunity{close_quote}: Operational decision-making integrates combination of factors to improve contingency planning, response worldwide  

SciTech Connect

Oil spill contingency planning and response is an extremely complex and challenging cross-disciplinary activity. It combines a wide range of activities under emergency response conditions that include the nature of the material spilled, local environmental conditions, sensitivity of impacted natural resources, and selection and effectiveness of response/cleanup technologies. This also emcompasses emergency mobilization, marine operations and effectiveness of operations, air surveillance, remote sensing, on-site and regional spill trajectory, human protection, safety assessments, oily waste minimization, handling and disposal, and education and training. Effective oil spill planning and response today also requires a large amount of available data and information and the ability to rapidly process and manage this information. In addition, the decision-making process must integrate all of this information on a sound scientific and engineering basis, which is now possible with the technology windows-of-opportunity. This new concept integrates scientific and engineering data and information, which together provide a common foundation for the development of a rapid and cost-effective tool as an operational instrument for oil spill contingency planning and spill response. It is intended to be used by state and federal agencies, response planners, cleanup organizations, insurance companies, tanker owners, and oil transporters.

Nordvik, A.B.; Simmons, J.L. [Marine Spill Response Corp., Washington, DC (United States); Champ, M.A. [Texas A & M Univ. Arlington, VA (United States)

1995-10-01

199

{open_quotes}The effects of diabetes on the activity of the enzyme glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amindotransferase{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Hexsoamine synthetic pathway (HexNSP) controls the supply of essential substrates for glycoprotein synthesis. In vitro studies suggest that increased flux of glucose via the hexsoamine synthetic pathway may play a role in glucose induced insulin resistance of glucose transport. Glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amindotransferase (GFAT) controls flux into the hexsoamine synthetic pathway; the major products are UDPN-acetylhexosamines (UDP.HexNac=UDP.GlcNAc= UDP.GalNac). I examined whether diabetes ({approximately} 7 days post intravenous streptozotocin, and genetically linked) affects the activity of glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate in rat and mouse skeletal muscle in vivo. Nucleotide linked HexNAc were analyzed by high pressure liquid chromatography(HPLC) in deproteinized hind limb muscle extracts.

Nelson, S.P.

1994-12-31

200

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; WILKS ENTERPRISE, INC. INFRACAL TOG/TPH ANALYZER  

EPA Science Inventory

The hifracal' TOG/TPH Analyzer developed by Wilks Enterprise, Inc. (Wilks), was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Hueneme, California. The pu...

201

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; STRATEGIC DIAGNOSTICS INC. ENSYS PETRO TEST SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The EnSys Petro Test System developed by Strategic Diagnostics Inc. (SDI), was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Hueneme, California. The...

202

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; SITELAB CORPORATION SITELAB ANALYTICAL TEST KIT UVF-3100A  

EPA Science Inventory

site LAB(& Analytical Test Kit UVF-3 I OOA (UVF-3 I OOA) developed by siteLABqD Corporation (siteLABa)) was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in ...

203

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; DEXSIL CORPORATION PETROFLAG SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The PetroFLAGTm System developed by Dexsilo Corporation (Dexsil) was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Hueneme, California. The purpose o...

204

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS CORPORATION SYNCHRONOUS SCANNING LUMINOSCOPE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Synchronous Scanning Luminoscope (Luminoscope) developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in collaboration with Environmental Systems Corporation (ESC) was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program i...

205

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; HORIBA INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED OCMA-350 CONTENT ANALYZER  

EPA Science Inventory

The OCMA-350 Oil Content Analyzer(OCMA-350) developed by Horiba Instruments Incorporated (Horiba), was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Huen...

206

COMMENTS ON &QUOT;MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC MERCURY SPECIES AT A COASTAL SITE IN THE ANTARCTIC AND OVER THE SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN DURING POLAR SUMMER&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

Attached comment submitted to Environmental Science and Technology entitled, Comments on "Measurements of Atmospheric Mercury Species at a Costal Site in the Antarctic and over the South Atlantic Ocean during Polar Summer" by Temme et al. Environmental Science and Technology 37 (...

207

Ferric complexes as catalysts for {open_quotes}Fenton{close_quotes} degradation of 2,4-D and metolachlor in soil  

SciTech Connect

Fenton-type reactions of hydrogen peroxide with Fe compounds generate bydroxyl radical (OH{center_dot}) or other reactive species and are potentially useful for degrading organic contaminants in soil. The use of simple Fe salts is limited, however. This study investigated certain pH 6-soluble Fe(III) complexes (Fe-L, where L is an organic tigand) as catalysts for degradation of herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and metolachlor (2-chloro-N-[2-ethyl 6-methylphenyl]-N-[2-methoxy-l-methylethyl]acetamide). Reactions were carried out in 1:1 aqueous suspensions of a topsoil (15.7 g kg{sup -1} organic C) at the natural pH of 5.7 with herbicides at concentrations representative of a spill (2-3 g kg{sup -1} about 0.01 mol kg{sup -1}). The two herbicides had contrasting sorption behavior in that 2,4-D was mostly in solution, whereas metotachlor was mostly sorbed. The best results were obtained using Fe-nitrilotriscetate (NTA) or Fe-hydroxyethyleniminodiacetate (HEIDA) at 0.01 mol kg-{sup -1} and [H{sub 2}O{sub 2}]{ge} 0.5 mol kg{sup -1}. The gallic acid complex was less effective. In 3 h,{sup 14}C-labeled 2,4-D was quantitatively dechlorinated and partially (15-30%) converted to {sup 14}CO{sub 2}: metolachlor was 93% transformed and 29% dechlorinated. Controls using free ligand plus peroxide or peroxide alone gave little or no reaction. Fe-L + H{sub 2}O{sub 2} was superior to the Fenton reagent itself (Fe{sup 2+} + H{sub 2}O{sub 2}). The results of this study demonstrate that relatively mild chemical oxidation can be effective for remediation of certain contaminants in soil 23 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

Pignatello, J.J.; Baehr, K.

1994-03-01

208

DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE, MULTISCALE &QUOT;ONE ATMOSPHERE&QUOT; MODELING SYSTEM: APPLICATION TO THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS. (R826372)  

EPA Science Inventory

A comprehensive three-dimensional Eulerian photochemical model (URM-1ATM) was developed that simulates urban and regional gas and size-resolved aerosol concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere and both wet and dry deposition. In this study, RAMS and EMS-95 are used to ge...

209

[2 + 2 + 2]Cycloadditions of alkynes to furans and thiophenes. A cobalt-mediated [open quotes]enol ether walk[close quotes  

SciTech Connect

Involvement of the 2,3-double bond of furan and thiophene in cycloadditions is relatively uncommon, usually limited to specific substrates or by special conditions. Our finding that indoles, pyrroles, imidazoles, and uracils can be activated by CpCo to undergo cocyclizations with alkynes suggested an extension of these efforts to the title heterocycles, in particular because the latter constitute new brackets for the degree of aromaticity (furan lowest, thiophene highest) that is subject to neutralization in these reactions and because the anticipated enol (thio)ether products exhibit potential synthetic utility. This study demonstrates that the cobalt-mediated [2 + 2 + 2] methodology can be extended to furans and thiophenes but that in these, and possibly generally in related heteroalkenes, the generation of potential dienylic leaving groups in the resulting CpCo diene product may cause rearrangements and that formal C-H activations may complicate the outcome of the reaction. The observation that the relatively highly aromatic thiophene nucleus functions as a cocyclization partner points the way to a number of even more challenging substrates in this process. 20 refs.

Boese, R. (Universitaet-GH Essen (Germany)); Harvey, D.F.; Malaska, M.J.; Vollhardt, K.P.C. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1994-11-30

210

A study of the structural activation caused by proton beam loss in the {open_quotes}accelerator production of tritium{close_quotes} LINAC  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory makes use of a high power linear proton accelerator to produce neutrons via spallation reactions m a heavy metal target. The fast spallation neutrons are moderated by a heavy water blanket, and used to produce tritium by means of the reaction: {sup 3}He(n,p)T, APT 1993. Various accelerator designs are currently under consideration. At the time when this study was performed, the project called for a 1 GeV proton linear accelerator with a beam current of 200 mA, i.e., a proton beam power of 200 MW. Given the high power at which the APT accelerator is expected to operate, as well as the heavy maintenance that is likely to be required to keep it operating, it is essential to consider health physics issues at an early stage of the design.

Daemen, L.L.; Beard, C.A.; Eaton, S.L.; Waters, L.S.; Wilson, W.B.

1997-01-01

211

Detection of {open_quotes}cryptic{close_quotes}karyotypic rearrangements in closely related primate species by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using human subtelomeric DNA probes  

SciTech Connect

Specific human subtelomeric DNA probes were used to reveal cryptic chromosomal rearrangements that cannot be detected by conventional high resolution cytogenetic techniques, or by chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization using whole chromosome paint analysis. Two cosmids containing different subtelomeric DNA sequences were derived from human chromosome 19 and designated as 7501 and 16432. Cosmid 7501 was hybridized to chromosomes from humans, chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan. In humans, 7501 consistently labeled chromosomes 3q, 15q, and 19p. Additional chromosomes were labeled in different individuals, indicating a polymorphic distribution of this sequence in the human genome. In contrast, 7501 consistently and strongly labeled only the q arm terminus of chromosome 3 in both chimp and gorilla. The identification of the chromosome was made by two-color FISH analysis using human chromosome 4-specific paint and homologous to human chromosome 4. None of the human subjects showed labeling of chromosome 4 with 7501. This finding suggests that in the course of human evolution, subsequent to the divergence of humans and African apes, a cryptic translocation occurred between the ancestral human chromosome 4 and one or more of the other human chromosomes that now contain this DNA segment. In orangutan, 7501 labeled a single acrocentric chromosome pair, a distinctly different chromosome than that labeled in chimp and gorilla. Comparison of chromosome sites labeled with cosmid 16432 showed the distribution of signals on chromosome 1q arm is the same for humans and chimp, but different in the gorilla. Humans and chimps show distinct labeling on sites 1q terminus and 1q41-42. In gorilla, there is instead a large cluster of intense signal near the terminus of 1q that clearly does not extend all the way to the terminus. A paracentric inversion or an unequal cross-over event may account for the observed difference between these species.

Youngblom, J.J. [California State University-Stanislaus, Turlock, CA (United States); Trask, B.J.; Friedman, C. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)] [and others

1994-09-01

212

IMPORTANCE OF &QUOT;GREEN TIDES&QUOT; IN A PACIFIC NORTHWEST ESTUARY: PRODUCTION DYNAMICS OF EELGRASS (ZOSTERA MARINA), DWARF EELGRASS (Z. JAPONICA) AND ENTEROMORPHA SPP.  

EPA Science Inventory

Benthic macrophytes play a large role in the ecology and biogeochemistry of estuaries. I examine the relative contribution of macrophytes (seagrass and macroalgae) to overall productivity of a macrotidal system. Biomass data from Yaquina Bay suggests that although these seagras...

213

The use of specific binding of peptide-nucleic acid to DNA in the {open_quotes}Achilles heel{close_quotes} method  

SciTech Connect

The `Achilles heel` method (AHM) is used in the design of random-cleavage restriction endonucleases. These promising compounds can be widely used in practice, particularly for genomic DNA mapping. DNA is complexed with a site-specific DNA-binding reagent (protein or oligonucleotide) and then treated with methylase. The methylation sites overlapping with or adjacent to the DNA-binding sites of the reagent are protected from methylation. Thereafter, methylase is inactivated, the DNA-binding reagent is removed, and DNA is cleaved by the restriction endonuclease corresponding to the methylase used. As a result, DNA is cleaved only at those restriction sites that were protected by the DNA-binding reagent from methylation. Until now, proteins or oligonucleotides were used as site-specific DNA-binding reagents. Here, we report on the use of a peptide-nucleic acid (PNA) in AHM. 7 refs., 4 figs.

Krasil`nikova, M.M.; Izvol`skii, K.I.; Krupnik, O.V.; Lazurkin, Yu.S. [Institute of Molecular Genetics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-09-01

214

DISCUSSION OF &QUOT;DETECTION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM PARVUM IN SECONDARY EFFLUENTS USING A MOST PROBABLE NUMBER-POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION ASSAY&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

The emphasis of this paper is to show that most probable number-polymerase chain reaction (MPNPCR) assay can be used to detect Cryptosporidium parvum in WWTP effluents as an alternative to immunfluorescent assay (IFA). I am concerned, however, that the paper suggests that all WW...

215

A user`s guide to GAETR: Sandia`s {open_quotes}Graphical Analysis of Event Trees{close_quotes} software  

SciTech Connect

This document is a reference guide for GAETR, Graphical Analysis of Event Trees, a software package developed at Sandia National Laboratories. GAETR may be used as a stand-alone code or as a module in the ARRAMIS{trademark} risk and reliability code suite. GAETR is designed to graphically create event trees and plot SETAC (Sandia Event Tree Analysis Code) output on IBM-compatible personal computers using the Microsoft{reg_sign} Windows{trademark} 95/NT operating environment. This manual explains the fundamentals of creating an event tree, including formatting, saving sequence information, printing, editing, and importing graphics to other software packages.

Hays, K.M.

1997-09-01

216

PERFORMANCE-ENHANCED &QUOT;TUNABLE"; CAPILLARY MICROWAVE INDUCED PLASMA MASS SPECTRONIETER FOR GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY DETECTION. (R825511C044)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

217

Calculation and classification of the radioactive waste inventory in the structural components of the {open_quotes}IGNITOR{close_quotes} compact ignition torus  

SciTech Connect

The choice of structural material for future fusion plants is based on a multiplicity of considerations. While these materials should possess adequate thermo-mechanical properties they should also satisfy certain criteria with regard to the eventual treatment and disposal of radioactive wastes. From this point of view it is important to have a knowledge of the radioactive inventory produced in the structural materials of a nuclear fusion plant during its operation and the evolution of this radioactivity in time. In this work the authors have calculated the radioactive inventory and decay heat produced in the structural components of the projected fusion plant IGNITOR-ULT due to D-T neutrons produced in the plasma. In particular, the dose rate and the heat production in the following materials have been studied: graphite in the first wall, INCONEL 625 in the vacuum vessel and copper in the magnet. All the results presented are for the outboard plasma components.

Cepraga, D.G.; Siddiqui, S.A.M.M. [ENEA-INN. FIS, Bologna (Italy); Cambi, G. [Bologna Univ. (Italy)

1994-12-31

218

The final LDRD report for the project entitled: {open_quotes}Enhanced analysis of complex gas mixtures by pattern recognition of microsensor array signals{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

Microsensors do not have the selectivity to chemical species available in large laboratory instruments. This project employed arrays of catalytically gated silicon microsensors with different catalysts to create data streams which can be analyzed by pattern recognition programs. One of the most significant accomplishments of the program was the demonstration of that mixtures of H{sub 2} with the oxidants NO{sub x} and O{sub 2} could distinguished from one another by the use of different catalytic metals on the Sandia Robust Hydrogen (SRH) sensors and the newly developed pattern recognition algorithm. This sensor system could be used to identify explosive gas mixtures and analyze exhaust streams for pollution control.

Hughes, R.C.; Osbourn, G.C.

1996-09-01

219

You won`t find these leaks with a blower door: The latest in {open_quotes}leaking electricity{close_quotes} in homes  

SciTech Connect

Leaking electricity is the energy consumed by appliances when they are switched off or not performing their principal functions. Field measurements in Florida, California, and Japan show that leaking electricity represents 50 to 100 Watts in typical homes, corresponding to about 5 GW of total electricity demand in the United States. There are three strategies to reduce leaking electricity: eliminate leakage entirely, eliminate constant leakage and replace with intermittent charge plus storage, and improve efficiency of conversion. These options are constrained by the low value of energy savings-less than $5 per saved Watt. Some technical and lifestyle solutions are proposed. 13 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Rainer, L. [Davis Energy Group, CA (United States); Greenberg, S.; Meier, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-08-01

220

Corrections to the paper {open_quotes}fitting the armitage-doll model to radiation-exposed cohorts and implications for population cancer risks{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

A recent paper analyzed patterns of cancer in the Japanese atomic bomb survivors and three other groups exposed to radiation by fitting the so-called multistage model of Armitage and Doll. The paper concluded that the incidence of solid cancer could be described adequately by a model in which up to two stages affected by radiation were assumed but that the data for leukemia within the bomb survivors might not be so well fitted. This was in part because of a failure to account for the observed linear-quadratic dose response that has been observed in the Japanese cohort. It has recently come to our attention that there was a mistake in the fits of the model with two adjacent radiation-affected stages, whereby the quadratic coefficient in dose was being set to zero in all the fits. This paper provides corrections in the calculations for the model and discusses the results.

Little, M.P. [National Radiological Protection Board, Oxon (United Kingdom); Hawkins, M.M. [Childhood Cancer Research Group, Oxford (United Kingdom); Charles, M.W. [Berkeley Technology Centre, Glos (United Kingdom); Hildreth, N.G. [Univ. of Rochester School of Medicine, NY (United States)

1994-01-01

221

{open_quotes}What you don`t know can`t hurt you{close_quotes}: The right to know and the Shetland Island oil spill  

SciTech Connect

This paper, an account of the Shetlands Islands oil spill (1993), examines the public health controversies surrounding the spill and the clean-up response. It critically examines the risk management policies of both the United Kingdom and the Shetland Islands Public Health Office, and suggests that the withholding of critical information contributed to increased anxiety and suspicion among the disaster victims. In an attempt to reassure the victims, the policies contributed to an increased air of uncertainty. It is further argued with the withholding of information prevents those who are at greatest risk from participating in critical decisions that may affect their health and livelihoods and asserts that a right-to-know policy is a critical first step in risk management practices.

Button, G.V. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

1995-06-01

222

THE ECOLOGICAL EFFECTIVENESS OF PONDS AND WETLANDS AS &QUOT;BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMPS)&QUOT; FOR STREAMS IN DEVELOPING LANDSCAPES  

EPA Science Inventory

Ponds and constructed wetlands, also referred to as detention/retention basins, have a long history as best management practices (BMPs) used to mitigate the impacts of stormwater runoff from developed lands on receiving waters. Initially designed for flood control by peak flow at...

223

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION, TEST REPORT OF CONTROL OF BIOAEROSOLS IN HVAC SYSTEMS, FILTRATION GROUP, AEROSTAR &QUOT;C-SERIES"; POLYESTER PANEL FILTER  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Technology Verification report discusses the technology and performance of the AeroStar "C-Series" Polyester Panel Filter air filter for dust and bioaerosol filtration manufactured by Filtration Group. The pressure drop across the filter was 126 Pa clean and 267...

224

Assessment of possible consequences of a hypothetical reactivity accident associated with a {open_quotes}Topaz-2{close_quotes} spacecraft reactor entering water  

SciTech Connect

An accident analysis for a Russian Topaz-2 nuclear reactor is summarized. The accident scenario involves emergency return from orbit, severe damage to reactor structural elements, and subsequent falling of the reactor core into the ocean. The thermionic converter reactor, used in spacecraft, has a large neutron leakage which decreases when water enters the inner core cavity. Preliminary results of numerical modeling, summarized in the article, show that the possible consequences of the hypothetical accidental submersion are limited. 8 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Glushkov, E.S.; Ermoshin, M.Yu.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi; Skorlygin, V.V.

1994-12-01

225

Inheriting workplace risks: The effect of workers` compensation {open_quotes}exclusive remedy{close_quotes} clauses on the preconception tort after Johnson Controls  

SciTech Connect

This article explores whether exclusive remedy clauses will bar a tort action by a child seeking recovery for injury caused by his or her parent`s occupational exposure to mutagenic or toxic agents before the child`s conception in the same manner that the clauses bar spouses` loss of consortium suits. Because both the child`s right to recover for injury and the spouse`s right to recover for loss of consortium depend on proof of employer negligence toward the employee, a comparison of the two rights provides a framework for analyzing the effect exclusive remedy clauses could have on the preconception tort action. Part I of this article discusses exclusive remedy clauses of workers` compensation acts and illustrates how it might be asserted as a defense to a preconception tort action. Part II traces the development of the preconception tort action and its underlying theory of liability. Part III reviews how exclusive remedy clauses have served to bar loss of consortium suits. Part IV analyzes the applicability of exclusive remedy clauses to the preconception tort action. This article concludes that, absent revision to workers` compensation statutes or judicial reliance on public policy to distinguish loss of consortium and preconception tort suits, exclusive remedy clauses probably will be held to bar recovery in preconception tort actions. 121 refs.

Stern, C.; Tierney, C.M.G. [McKenna & Cuneo, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-12-31

226

Mental retardation in a child with a {open_quotes}de novo{close_quotes} deletion of terminal 14q and a family history of dyslexia  

SciTech Connect

A couple presented for prenatal diagnosis for advanced maternal age. A review of the family history revealed that their elder daughter was mentally retarded while their second daughter was of normal intelligence. The father and his brother were both dyslexic. The paternal grandmother had lost three pregnancies, all female. The elder daughter had been fully assessed in the past, but no diagnosis had been made. During her first few years, she was frequently ill and failed to thrive. A developmental assessment at age 5 years concluded that she was moderately mentally retarded. She was minimally dysmorphic. DNA testing for fragile X and urine amnio acids, organic acids and metabolic screen were negative. Chromosome and FISH analyses revealed a satellited 14q with a deletion of 14q32.3. Parents did not show the karyotypic changes, but FISH studies on them and the dyslexic uncle are pending. A molecular work-up of chromosome 14 in this family is also in progress. In this child, the phenotype is probably related to the cytogenetic findings. The information about 14q terminal deletions in the literature is limited but a fairly consistent phenotype, which is slightly different from ring 14, is emerging. This is more obvious in infants that in older children. The family history of dyslexia could be unrelated to our patient`s findings but it is also possible that there is a recessive gene for dyslexia in this family which maps to 14q32.3. The current molecular map of this area provides no answer to this question. Genes mapped to 14q3.3 include the alpha-1-antitrypsin gene, the brain component of creative kinase (CKB) and the immunoglobulin heavy chain genes. Loss of heterozygosity of 14q has been associated with end stage human neuroblastoma and colonic neoplasia.

Mak-Tam, E.; Capua, E.; Shugar, A. [I.O.D.E. Children`s Centre, Ontario (Canada)] [and others

1994-09-01

227

{open_quotes}Near field{close_quotes} airborne remote sensing using a laser mapping system on electric transmission line corridor surveys and capacity analyses  

SciTech Connect

The ability to reliably and accurately locate and survey objects without physically occupying them is the key to the productivity of the FLI-MAP{trademark} laser mapping system. This advanced technology system incorporates OTF Kinematic GPS, GPS-aided attitude, and a reflectorless laser range-finding sensor into a complete remote sensing survey platform. The FLI-MAP system is a helicopter-based scanning system capable of collecting up to 8000 geo-referenced data points per second. Key parameters of existing electric transmission lines are calculated based upon the geographic data collected by FLI-MAP, meteorological data, and power flow data collected during the survey. The affect on conductor clearances is analyzed under varying conductor temperatures, power flow, and meteorological conditions to determine the ultimate capacity of the existing transmission line. This paper presents the FLI-MAP system, the technologies it exploits, and the use of such a system for electric transmission line corridor surveys and analyses. 4 refs., 5 figs.

Reed, M.D. [John E. Chance & Associates, Inc., Lafayette, LA (United States); Lynch, O.J. [Black & Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)

1996-11-01

228

{open_quote}Met-Net{close_quote} offshore weather systems network. Cost-effective, modular, 20-platform system with standardized components enhances working safely offshore  

SciTech Connect

All offshore oil/gas platforms carry wind, pressure, and temperature sensors of some form or other to meet statutory requirements and to assist with daily operations. Helicopter and marine operations require more detailed information and in particular a knowledge of cloud height, visibility, and wave parameters, but the sensors are expensive. This can be overcome by networking of adjacent platforms which facilitates the sharing of the more expensive sensors and exchange of data. The next step is to network adjacent fields to provide backup for planned maintenance times and in the event of sensor failure. Ultimately all data can be sent ashore to assist in real-time operations and planning as well as input for weather forecasting.

Leggett, I.M. [Shell U.K. Exploration & Production, Aberdeen, Scotland (United Kingdom); Dolan, F.E. [InstallOcean Ltd., Alton, Hampshire (United Kingdom)

1995-04-01

229

Nature of plant stimulators in the production of Acetobacter xylinum ({open_quotes}Tea fungas{close_quotes}) biofilm used in skin therapy  

SciTech Connect

Caffeine and related xanthines were identified as potent stimulators for the bacterial cellulose production in A. xylinum. These compounds are present in several plants whose infusions are useful as culture-medium supplements for this acetobacterium. The proposed target for these native purine-like inhibitory substances is the novel diguanyl nucleotide phosphodiesterase(s) that participates in the bacterial cellulogenic complex.

Fontana, J.D.; Franco, V.C.; Lyra, I.N.; De Souza, A.M. [Federal Univ. of Parana, Curitiba (Brazil); De Souza, S. [BioFill Produtos Biotecnologicos S/A, Curitiba (Brazil)

1991-12-31

230

A progress report on the LDRD project entitled {open_quotes}Microelectronic silicon-based chemical sensors: Ultradetection of high value molecules{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

This work addresses a new kind of silicon based chemical sensor that combines the reliability and stability of silicon microelectronic field effect devices with the highly selective and sensitive immunoassay. The sensor works on the principle that thin SiN layers on lightly doped Si can detect pH changes rapidly and reversibly. The pH changes affect the surface potential, and that can be quickly determined by pulsed photovoltage measurements. To detect other species, chemically sensitive films were deposited on the SiN where the presence of the chosen analyte results in pH changes through chemical reactions. A invention of a cell sorting device based on these principles is also described. A new method of immobilizing enzymes using Sandia`s sol-gel glasses is documented and biosensors based on the silicon wafer and an amperometric technique are detailed.

Hughes, R.C.

1996-09-01

231

PRELIMINARY PARTICULATE MATTER MASS CONCENTRATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH LONGITUDINAL PANEL STUDIES &QUOT;ASSESSING HUMAN EXPOSURES OF HIGH RISK SUBPOPULATIONS TO PARTICULATE MATTER&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

The NERL Particulate Matter Longitudinal Panel Studies were used to characterize temporal variations of personal exposure to PM and related co-pollutants, including that of PM measured at ambient sites. These studies were fundamental in understanding the associations between p...

232

DEMONSTRATION OF THE &QUOT;CONDITIONING EFFECT&QUOT; IN SOIL ORGANIC MATTER IN SUPPORT OF A PORE DEFORMATION MECHANISM FOR SORPTION HYSTERESIS. (R825959)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

233

78 FR 1906 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...through the Specialized Quote Feed \\4\\ by evaluating the number of individual quotes per quote block received by the Exchange...known as a specialized quote feed (`SQF'). Specialists...individual quotes per quote block, the Exchange proposes to...

2013-01-09

234

More than just great quotes: An introduction to the Canadian Tri-Council's qualitative requirements.  

PubMed

Although at times misunderstood by the general research community, qualitative research has developed out of diverse, rich and complex philosophical traditions and theoretical paradigms. In the most recent Canadian Tri-Council policy statement on the ethical conduct of research involving humans, a chapter was devoted to a summary of methods and methodological requirements that characterize robust qualitative research, despite the diversity of approaches. To dispel common misperceptions about qualitative research and introduce the unfamiliar reader to these requirements, the work of a qualitative study on isoniazid preventive therapy for prophylaxis of tuberculosis published in AIDS is critiqued alongside each of the Tri-Council's nine requirements. PMID:24421811

Boffa, Jody; Moules, Nancy; Mayan, Maria; Cowie, Robert L

2013-01-01

235

Quotes vs. Paraphrases in Writing Articles: Does It Make Any Difference to Readers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects on readers of direct quotations versus paraphrases, and reader comprehension of material from direct quotations versus paraphrases were examined in this experiment. Four reasonably short and clear stories--two speech stories and two interview stories--were selected from metropolitan daily newspapers. Two versions of each story were set…

Cole, Richard R.; And Others

236

Draft Do Not Quote or Cite Without Permission AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF MINING AND SUSTAINABLE  

E-print Network

AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Graham A. Davis1 Associate Professor Division of Economics and Business Colorado School of Mines Golden, Colorado August 2004 ABSTRACT The definition of sustainable development is often in this regard since the extracted resource is non-renewable. Yet Brundtland's definition of sustainable

237

Regime as an expedient for governance of rural development draft, not to be quoted  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ways to influence society have become more complex and diverse. The traditional governmental structures that affect economy and welfare have lost their power, as the logic of supranational development is starting to have an increasingly direct effect. The term glocalization is now used of the encounter of the global and the local. There has developed a need to find

Hannu Katajamäki

238

Investor Relations and Regulation FD (preliminary please do note quote or cite)  

E-print Network

firms losing a potential competitive advantage, we find they do not suffer adversely in the post-Reg FD of the National Investor Relations Institute (NIRI), the professional membership organization for IR in the United

239

Quote of the day: The sky is the daily bread of the eyes.  

E-print Network

on herons, rollers of Madacasgar · Function: 1. Feather maintenance Feather MaintenanceFeather Maintenance ­ black, red, brown ... 2. Carotenoids ­ red, yellow, orange ... 3. Porphyrins ­ red, green Structural

Johnson, Matthew

240

Quote of the day: If you want to see birds, you must have  

E-print Network

Importance of Birds to Humans ·· Economics, Health & SafetyEconomics, Health & Safety 1. Waterfowl hunting ­ local ­ France & U.S. WeaponsWeapons · Fletched Arrows ­ weapons & hunting equipment used world · Professional sports teams ­ name as many as possible with bird mascots or names. · Popular songs ­ name those

Johnson, Matthew

241

COMMUNITY SUMMARY RACTill/Meyer Draft -Do not quote or cite  

E-print Network

a computer database to store information about these records. The important records were also copied. Many Corporation changed its name to Risk Assessment Corporation (RAC) in 1998. #12;Site Influence Decreases for air and rain, foods and vegetation, milk, wild game, sediments and soil, fish, and water from

242

DRAFT: 9/27/01 Please do not circulate or quote  

E-print Network

, Attention and the Strength of Processing: A Parallel Distributed Processing Account of the Stroop Effect of a process and that strength increases with training. Using the Stroop effect as an example, we show how a computational model of the Stroop task which simulates the time course of processing as well as the effects

Dunbar, Kevin N.

243

FIRST DRAFT: PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE The Political Economy of Global Health Research  

E-print Network

…only about 10 percent of potential [health] improvements in developed countries will come from advances in health technology and management. Almost half will come from preventive personal health practices. And half will come from improvements in the environment we provide for human life (Naidoo, cited in Cleveland, 2005: 56). In an era when unprecedented global health funding is being directed towards vaccines and drug therapy, guinea worm eradication has been successful on a modest budget of about $225 million for the entire 20-year campaign. It has done so, according to Dr. Donald Hopkins, vice president for health programs at the Carter Center, by relying on the old-fashioned public health tactic of educating people about changing their behaviour (Barry, 2007: 2563).

Ra J. Maclean; David R. Maclean

244

STOCKQUOTE: Stata module to retrieve stock quotes to a Stata-formatted dataset  

Microsoft Academic Search

stockquote currently queries Yahoo's Finance API for ticker symbol historical values. fm, fd, fy stand for first month, first day, first year respectively, are numeric and tell stockquote the start date of the time series you want. Similarly lm, ld, ly are numeric and stand for last month, last day, last year respectively and tell stockquote the end date of

Nikos Askitas

2008-01-01

245

Prepublication Copy Do not quote or distribute without permission of authors  

E-print Network

environment that provides ubiquitous anytime/anywhere access to technology tools, Internet-based resources and competent in integrating the new tools for learning into their instruction. Because Texas teachers at Austin Laptop Initiative Paul Resta Melissa LeBoeuf Tothero Learning Technology Center The University

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

246

Quote of the day: Whenever he hears it he is young and  

E-print Network

Physiological Control of Song · Under influence of gonadal hormones · Evidence: 1. Castration = no song 2. Castration? · Dialects exist...why? · Similarities to human speech development? White-crowned Sparrow · Critical period

Johnson, Matthew

247

The Writing Center, 6171 White Hall, UW-Madison 1 Acknowledging, Paraphrasing, and Quoting Sources  

E-print Network

or writings of another) as one's own" (American Heritage Dictionary) or, in the words of the University of several commonly used styles (American Political Science Association, APSA; American Psychological of well-known figures, and generally accepted dates of military, political, literary, and other historical

Sheridan, Jennifer

248

IN PRESS, AIDS AND BEHAVIOR CONFIDENTIAL, PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE  

E-print Network

of HIV and STI Infection among Homeless Women Carol L.M. Caton,1, Nabila El-Bassel,2 Andrew Gelman,3; 2 Rates and Correlates of HIV and STI Infection among Homeless Women Introduction It is well established that homeless persons in general, and homeless women specifically, are at a higher risk

Gelman, Andrew

249

{degrees}SnapPea{close_quotes} OS/2 Warp graphical user interface for hyperbolic 3-manifolds  

SciTech Connect

An interactive color graphical user interface, with animation, has been developed to port SnapPea to the OS/2 Warp Personal Computer (IBM type PC) platform. This fulfills the interest to use an Intel microprocessor based computer to study the geometry and topology of three-dimensional hyperbolic manifolds and to perform mathematical computations with them. Hitherto the program was available only on Macintosh computers. The OS/2 operating system kernel program has for many years supported long file names, had multithreading, pre-emptive multitasking an built in crash-protection. There is also a full 32-bit graphics engine. Already, there is much interest in this product. The software is expected soon to be available to mathematicians around the world, to use in their research. A demonstration was given at the conference.

Manoharan, A.C. [Univ. of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, OK (United States); Weeks, J. [Geometry Center, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

1996-12-31

250

Rolling and slipping down Galileo{close_quote}s inclined plane: Rhythms of the spheres  

SciTech Connect

In ``Two New Sciences`` (TNS) Galileo presents a number of theorems and propositions for smooth solid spheres released from rest and rolling a distance {ital d} in time {ital t} down an incline of height {ital H} and length {ital L}. We collect and summarize his results in a single grand proportionality {ital P}: {ital d}{sub 1}/{ital d}{sub 2}=({ital t}{sup 2}{sub 1}/{ital t}{sup 2}{sub 2})({ital H}/{ital L}){sub 1}/({ital H}/{ital L}){sub 2}. ({ital P}) From TNS it is clear that what we call {ital P} is assumed by Galileo to hold for all inclinations including vertical free fall with {ital H}/{ital L}=1. But in TNS he describes only experiments with gentle inclinations {ital H}/{ital L}{lt}1/2. Indeed he cannot have performed the vertical free fall ({ital H}={ital L}) experiment, because we (moderns) know that as we increase {ital H}/{ital L}, {ital P} starts to break down when {ital H}/{ital L} exceeds about 0.5, because the sphere, which rolls without slipping for small {ital H}/{ital L}, starts to slip, whence {ital d} starts to exceed the predictions of {ital P}, becoming too large by a factor of 7/5 for vertical free fall at {ital H}/{ital L}=1. In 1973 Drake and in 1975 Drake and MacLachlan published their analysis of a previously unpublished experiment that Galileo performed that (without his realizing it) directly compared rolling without slipping to free fall. In the experiment, a sphere that has gained speed {ital v}{sub 1} while rolling down a gentle incline is deflected so as to be launched horizontally with speed {ital v}{sub 1} into a free fall orbit discovered by Galileo to be a parabola. The measured horizontal distance {ital X}{sub 2} traveled in this parabolic orbit (for a given vertical distance fallen to the floor) was smaller than he expected, by a factor 0.84. But that is exactly what we (moderns) expect, since we know that Galileo did not appreciate the difference between rolling without slipping, and slipping on a frictionless surface.

Crawford, F.S. [Physics Department and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

1996-05-01

251

More than just great quotes: An introduction to the Canadian Tri-Council's qualitative requirements  

PubMed Central

Although at times misunderstood by the general research community, qualitative research has developed out of diverse, rich and complex philosophical traditions and theoretical paradigms. In the most recent Canadian Tri-Council policy statement on the ethical conduct of research involving humans, a chapter was devoted to a summary of methods and methodological requirements that characterize robust qualitative research, despite the diversity of approaches. To dispel common misperceptions about qualitative research and introduce the unfamiliar reader to these requirements, the work of a qualitative study on isoniazid preventive therapy for prophylaxis of tuberculosis published in AIDS is critiqued alongside each of the Tri-Council’s nine requirements. PMID:24421811

Boffa, Jody; Moules, Nancy; Mayan, Maria; Cowie, Robert L

2013-01-01

252

UoS Payment Information All Invoice payments -must quote our invoice number  

E-print Network

.................................................................................................................................................................. Credit Card Payments - Details required Name of cardholder Type of card ­ ie Visa, Mastercard, Switch etc Card number ­ minimum of 16 digits Card expiry date Card Valid from date ­ if applicable Issue number ­ if applicable Amount to be taken Full Address, incl postcode ­ credit card billing address We do NOT accept

Sussex, University of

253

Quote of the Day: The evolution of the gull appears capricious,  

E-print Network

Physics of Flight · Weight ­ gravitational pull · Lift ­ generated by wing & tail · Thrust ­ provided by primaries glide of bird 1. Thermals 2. Mountains 3. Ocean waves Turkey Vulture Flapping FlightFlapping Flight

Johnson, Matthew

254

All prices quoted are per person, based on dou-ble occupancy (unless otherwise stated) and  

E-print Network

. The weather is delightful, the restaurants and cafés are wonderful and diverse, and the food is delicious LIFESTYLES EXPLORATIONS An Extended Educational Travel Opportunity #12;D AY - B Y - D AY I T I N E R A R Y

Spence, Harlan Ernest

255

This draft: August 2010 Preliminary; please do not circulate or quote without the authors consent  

E-print Network

evidence consistent with the notion that CEOs switch from bonuses to other forms of pay consent CEO compensation in the U.S. financial services industry Abstract This study examines CEO compensation in U.S. financial services industry, utilizing a sample of 277 financial

Saskatchewan, University of

256

DISCUSSION ON &QUOT;ELECTROCHEMICAL AND RAMAN SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF THE INFLUENCE OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS ON THE CORROSION BEHAVIOUR OF IRON IN BORATE BUFFER AND IN SIMULATED GROUNDWATER (CORROSION SCIENCE 2000;42:1921-1939).&QUOT; (R827117)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

257

A familial {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} 3;9 translocation with cryptic 8q insertion leading to deletion and duplication of 9p23 loci in siblings  

SciTech Connect

A child with phenotypic features of the 9p{sup {minus}} syndrome, including metopic craniosynostosis, small ears, abdominal wall defect, and mental retardation, as well as hypopigmentation, was found to have a cytogenetically balanced 3;9 translocation, with breakpoints at 3p11 and 9p23, inherited from his phenotypically normal father. Molecular analysis showed heterozygous deletion of the TYRP (tyrosinase-related protein) locus, as well as loci D9S157, D9S274, D9S268, and D9S267, in the child but in neither parent. FISH analysis of the proband`s father indicated that loci deleted in his son, including TYRP, were present on neither the der(3) nor the der(9) translocation products but had been inserted into the long arm of chromosome 8. Therefore, the apparent deletion of these loci in the proband was the result of meiotic segregation of the father`s 3;9 translocation chromosomes together with his normal chromosome 8 (not bearing the insertion from 9p23). Neither the deletion of these 9p23 loci from the translocation chromosomes nor their insertion into 8q was detectable by standard chromosome banding techniques. The proband`s sister exhibited speech delay, mild facial dysmorphism, and renal malformation, and her karyotype was 46,XX. Molecular analysis showed that she had inherited normal chromosomes 3 and 9, as well as the chromosome 8 with the insertion of 9p23 material, from her father. This analysis illustrates a new mechanism to explain cases in which an apparently balanced translocation has been transmitted from a normal parent to a child with a phenotypic abnormality: submicroscopic deletion of material from the translocation breakpoint and insertion into a third chromosome in the balanced parent, with meiotic segregation leading to loss of the inserted material in the child. 36 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Wagstaff, J.; Hemann, M. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

1995-01-01

258

US Geological Survey Committee for the Advancement of Science in the Yucca Mountain Project symposium on {open_quotes}Fractures, Hydrology, and Yucca Mountain{close_quotes}: Abstracts and summary  

SciTech Connect

The principal objective of this symposium is to review the available information on fractured/faulted terrains in terms of a coherent hydrogeologic model of ground-water fluid flow and transport, particularly as it pertains to the Yucca Mountain region. This review addresses the influence and significance of fractures on ground-water flow and the transport of conservative-species solutes within the context of the hydrogeologic setting of the Yucca Mountain area. The relations between fluid flow and fractured or faulted host rock are examined integrally from information on geologic, seismologic, hydrologic, and geomechanical properties of the system. The development of new hydrogeologic approaches that incorporate information from this integrated database are contrasted with more standard approaches toward understanding flow in fractured reservoirs. Ground-water flow in both the unsaturated zone and the saturated zone are considered. The application of various models of flow is addressed, examples include porous-media equivalent and discontinuum fracture-network models. Data and interpretations from the Yucca Mountain area are presented to establish a context for information exchange. The symposium includes discussions relevant to technical considerations for characterizing the Yucca Mountain area hydrogeology. On the basis of these discussions, CASY has compiled this document in order to formally summarize the proceedings and communicate recommendations for future directions of research and investigation.

Gomberg, J. [ed.

1991-12-31

259

Catalytic characterization of lithium aluminum oxides: Including a study of both the cation replacement chemistry and the structure of the [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2]/[open quotes]HAlO[sub 2][close quotes] system  

SciTech Connect

Cation replacement is a low temperature synthetic technique used to replace most of the lithium cations in [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2] with protons without significantly modifying the structure of the reactant. Lauric acid worked well as a proton source because it was capable of 90% replacement without significant dissolution of [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2]. High pressure CO[sub 2]/H[sub 2]O treatment of the cation replaced product resulted in the decomposition of the reactant to form boehmite and Li[sub 2]CO[sub 3]. The XRD characterization of a series of partially replaced samples from the [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2]/HAlO[sub 2] system was used to develop an understanding of the cation replacement mechanism. A two phase mechanism is proposed, which consists of particles with an outer shell of lithiated HAlO[sub 2] and an inner core of [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2] (for 0.0 < x < 0.90). A model for the structure of HAlO[sub 2] was developed to describe the location of the protons and the lithium cations. The 3,3-dimethyl-1-isomerization reaction did not detect any intrinsic acidity on HAlO[sub 2] and detected only small amounts on calcined HAlO[sub 2] at 350[degrees]C. Lithium free [gamma]-alumina was extremely active for 3,3-dimethyl-1-butene isomerization demonstrating that the small concentration of lithium in both HAlO[sub 2] and calcined HAlO[sub 2] is sufficient to neutralize strong acid sites. The conversion of isopropyl alcohol produces propylene on acid-base sites and acetone on basic sites. [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2], [gamma]LiAlO[sub 2], and calcined HAlO[sub 2], produced varying amounts of propylene and acetone. [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2] and calcined HAlO[sub 2] produced a C6 diene, which indicates the presence of basic sites stronger than those needed for acetone formation. [alpha]LiAlO[sub 2] was the only sample that produced 4-methyl-2-pentanone and 4-methyl-2-pentanol.

Tomczak, D.C.

1993-01-01

260

UPDATE/ADDITIONS TO CURRENT OUST PUBLICATION: &QUOT;HOW TO EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE CLEANUP TECHNOLOGIES FOR UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK SITES: A GUIDE FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN REVIEWERS&QUOT;  

EPA Science Inventory

This guidance manual is comprised of several chapters, each of which describes in detail alternative cleanup technologies for underground storage tank sites. Each chapter provides diagrams and tables to aide in determining whether a particular technology may be applicable for cl...

261

Computers and small satellites: How FORTE is utilizing the WWW as a {open_quotes}paperless{close_quotes} information resource and the development of a unique resource management planning tool  

SciTech Connect

The Fast-On-orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORTE) satellite is the second satellite to be developed and flown by Los Alamos National Laboratory and is scheduled to be launched August, 1997 by a Pegasus XL rocket. FORTE follows in the footsteps of the ALEXIS satellite in utilizing a very small operations crew for mission operations. Partially based upon the ALEXIS automation and World Wide Web (WWW) usage for data dissemination, FORTE began at an early stage of ground processing to use the web as a repository of information about all aspects of the satellite. Detailed descriptions of the various satellite and experiment components, cable diagrams, integration photographs as well as extensive test data have all been compiled into a single site as a means of archiving the data at a single location. In this manner, it is readily available during times of ground testing, ground station operation training as well as anomaly resolution. Small satellites usually require extensive effort to optimize operation under minimal resources. For the FORTE satellite, a unique planning tool has been developed over the past 2 years which balances the various resources of the satellite (power, memory, downlink, on board command buffer, etc.) to provide the maximum data acquisition. This paper will concentrate on a description of both the extensive web interface and the planning tool. 6 refs.

Roussel-Dupre, D.; Carter, M.; Franz, R. [and others

1997-10-01

262

The efficacy of the table-top or {open_quote}white paper{close_quote} approach to emergency response planning of drills and exercises is examined for process improvement  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the development of a set of procedures for the use by Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) Team, Region 6 with particular emphasis to the steps used and the feedback provided by peer review, external review, and exercise and drill critiques. This paper also presents a brief history of the RAP and recommends Total Quality Management techniques reduce the costs associated with procedure development.

Brown, D.N.; Wesley, T.H.

1995-11-01

263

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; CHEMETRICS, INC., AND AZUR ENVIRONMENTAL LTD REMEDIAID TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON STARTER KIT  

EPA Science Inventory

The RemediAidTm Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Starter Kit (RemediAidTm kit) developed by CHEMetries, Inc. (CHEMetrics), and AZUR Environmental Ltd was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the ...

264

Mitigation of atmospheric carbon emissions through increased energy efficiency versus increased non-carbon energy sources: A trade study using a simplified {open_quotes}market-free{close_quotes} exogenously driven model  

SciTech Connect

A simplified model of global, long-term energy use is described and used to make a `top-level` comparison of two generic approaches for mitigating atmospheric carbon emissions: (a) those based on increased energy efficiency; and (b) those based on increased use of reduced- or non-carbon fuels. As approximate as is the model, first-order estimates of and trade offs between increasing non-carbon generation capacities (e.g., supply-side solutions) versus energy-use efficiency (e.g., demand-side solutions) to stem atmospheric carbon accumulations can be useful in guiding more elaborate models. At the level of this analysis, both the costs of abatement and the costs of damage can be large, with the formation of benefit-to-cost ratios as a means of assessment being limited by uncertainties associated with relating given climatic responses to greenhouse warming to aggregate damage cost, as well as uncertainties associated with procedures used for multi-generation discounting of both abatement and damage costs. In view of uncertainties associated with both supply-side and demand-side approaches, as well as the estimation of greenhouse-warming responses per se, a combination of solutions seems prudent. Key findings are: (a) the relative insensitivity of the benefit-to-cost ratio adopted in this study to supply-side versus demand-side approaches to abating atmospheric carbon-dioxide emissions; (b) the extreme sensitivity of damage costs, abatement costs, and the related benefit-to-cost ratios to the combination of discounting procedure and the (time) concavity of the function used to relate global temperature rise to damage costs; and (c) no matter the discounting procedure and/or functional relationship between average temperature rise and a damage cost, a goal of increased per-capita gross world product at minimum damage suggests action now rather than delay.

Krakowski, R.A.

1997-08-24

265

{sup 237}Np in Hemp-palm leaves of Bontenchiku for fishing gear used by the Fifth Fukuryu-Maru: 40 year after {open_quotes}Bravo{close_quotes}  

SciTech Connect

The alpha radioactive components in the Hemp-palm leaves of Bontenchiku were determined with emphasis on the measurement of low-level {sup 237}Np by alpha-ray spectrometry after chemical separation. Bontenchiku is a kind of fishing gear for long-line fishing used by the Fifth Fukuryu-Maru (Lucky Dragon). This gear was exposed to fallout from the second thermonuclear test explosion (Bravo) at Bikini Atoll in March 1954. The {sup 237}Np content in the Bontenchiku sample was determined to be 11.5 {plus_minus}0.8 mBq g{sup {minus}1} with an activity ratio of {sup 237}Np: {sup 239,240}Pu and an atom ratio of {sup 237}Np: {sup 239}Pu estimated to be (2.2 {plus_minus}0.2) x 10{sup {minus}3} and 0.42 {plus_minus}0.04, respectively. The data showed the existence of a chain reaction of {sup 238}U and its ratio to be {sup 237}Np: {sup 239}Pu, as well as the presence of {sup 237}U at the time of fallout from Bravo event in March 1954. 12 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Yamamoto, Masayoshi; Komura, Kazuhisa; Ueno, Kaoru [Kanazawa Univ., Ishikawa (Japan)] [and others

1996-05-01

266

DISCUSSION OF &QUOT;COMBINING EVIDENCE ON AIR POLLUTION AND DAILY MORTALITY FROM THE 20 LARGEST US CITIES: A HIERARCHICAL MODELLING STRATEGY&QUOT; BY DOMINICI F, SAMET JM, ZEGER SL. (R826887)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

267

BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;POLLUTION PREVENTION: THE WASTE MANAGEMENT APPROACH FOR THE 21ST CENTURY&QUOT; BY R.R.DUPONT, L. THEODORE, K. GANESAN, SETAC GLOBE  

EPA Science Inventory

This book has appeal as both a text and a reference book. The book describes how source reduction and closed-loop recycling are the priority approaches, followed by waste treatment and finally disposal. The authors explain method for identifying whether pollution prevention oppor...

268

EFFECTS OF AEROSOLS ON THE WAVELENGTH DEPENDENCE OF ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION IN THE ULTRAVIOLET AND VISIBLE 1. A &QUOT;SINGLE-SCATTERING-SEPARATE"; DELTA-EDDINGTON MODEL. (R825248)  

EPA Science Inventory

The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

269

THE DETERMINATION OF NON-PESTICIDAL AND PESTICIDAL ORGANOTIN COMPOUNDS IN WATER BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WITH [PULSED] FLAME PHOTOMETRIC DETECTION (GS/PFPD): THE EFFECTS OF &QUOT;MASS"; DISCRIMINATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Capillary gas chromatography with GC/PFPD was used in the development of analytical methodology for determining both non-pesticidal and pesticidal organotin compounds in drinking water and other aqueous matrices. The method involves aqueous ethylation of organotin analytes with ...

270

Blue carbon storage potential of marine carbonate deposits Project reference IAP/13/50. Please quote this reference when applying.  

E-print Network

a calcium carbonate skeleton as they grow and have a worldwide distribution throughout polar, temperate break down due to their calcium carbonate skeleton. These deposits and the organic rich sedimentsIAPETUS Blue carbon storage potential of marine carbonate deposits Project reference IAP/13

Guo, Zaoyang

271

Child Maltreatment, Family Characteristics, and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Add Health Data† (PRELIMINARY DRAFT, Do Not Quote)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the long-term impact of child maltreatment (CM) on children's human capital accumulation by estimating the effect of CM experience on the victims' subsequent high school graduation outcome. We conduct structural estimations to control for potential endogeneity of CM. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) study, we find that experiencing physical neglect

Xiangming Fang

272

Please do not quote. In press, Handbook of affective computing. New York, NY: Oxford Automated Face Analysis for Affective Computing  

E-print Network

focus of basic research. While open research questions remain, the field has become sufficiently mature to support initial applications in a variety of areas. We review 1) human-observer based approaches distress and depression, detection of deception, interpersonal coordination, expression transfer, and other

Cohn, Jeffrey F.

273

The military expenditure in Sweden in the eighteenth century: spending breakdown and missing data (a draft - do not quote!)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with Swedish military expenditure, which based on primary budget figures accounted for half of total expenditure during the period 1725-1809. Increased spending under war years resulted in growing national debt, however the wartime spending and debt services were sometimes excluded from the budget and this paper aims to shed light on the problem. Wartime spending and the

Martti Rantanen

274

2007, PER@C University of Colorado 1 Do Not Quote without Permission in review for the PERC Proceedings 2007  

E-print Network

techniques at our institution, the difference in performance between men and women on a conceptual learning that there are no significant differences between men and women's average post test scores. Finally, we analyze other factors that there are differences between men and women on exams, homework, and participation, but these differences offset one

Colorado at Boulder, University of

275

REVIEW OF BOOK &QUOT;SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: INTERDISCIPLINARY ESSAYS IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF CONSERVATION BIOLOGY BY BRYAN G. NORTON  

EPA Science Inventory

The terms sustainability, sustainable development, biological integrity, biological diversity, ecosystem management, and ecosystem health frequently are at the core of many policy debates even though their precise meanings are the subject of universal debate. There are profound ...

276

A Review of "Quoting Death in Early Modern England: The Poetics of Epitaphs Beyond the Tomb" by Scott L. Newstok  

E-print Network

reviews 173 intimated, or otherwise involved? (204). Stark criticizes this reformu- lation of language from a ?spiritually minded? (206) philosophical position that seeks to restore something of the charmed Renaissance worldview in order... the inadequacy of modern theories of language to comprehend the signifying structures of the Renaissance. If the modern landscape is indeed dominated by linguistic rubble, then Rhetoric, Science, and Magic in Seventeenth-Century England, at the very least...

Bentley, Greg

2010-01-01

277

Does Working While in High School Crowd Out Study Time? ****PRELIMINARY: PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE WITHOUT PERMISSION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have found that working while in school leads to lower student achievement and that study time increases student achievement. Because student achievement is potentially related to future earnings and labor market outcomes, it is important to analyze whether working in the market crowds out students' study time. In this paper we estimate a simultaneous tobit model using data from

Charlene Marie Kalenkoski; Sabrina Wulff Pabilonia

278

Rough Draft! Please don't quote. Hot and Heavy Matters in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics  

E-print Network

Is thermodynamics true of self-gravitating systems? Or better put, does equilibrium statistical mechanics foundational projects in statistical mechanics. By considering it, we increase our understanding statistically independent subsystems. Such an assumption is at the heart of statistical mechanics. As a result

Wüthrich, Christian

279

Working Paper-Please do not cite, quote or circulate without the author's permission Submission to the Market Studies Workshop  

E-print Network

problems of coordination which have to be resolved: value formation, regulation of competition market and non-market stakeholders - Church, State and undertakers1 (the first private funeral businesses) - in shaping the economic and political arrangements which led to the growth of the funeral business. Analysing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

280

Capturing forest public goods and externalities: valuation and policy tools An application to Mediterranean forests Draft: do not quote  

Microsoft Academic Search

Any effort to safeguard forest biodiversity must begin with a clear understanding of the nature and magnitude of the benefits provided by forests. Yet, to date, valuation efforts usually focused on marketable goods and individual services, thus providing an incomplete and distorted view of forest benefits. This is emphasised by poor institutions and inadequate policy tools, presently unable to internalise

Lelia Croitoru

281

"Professor Brigo, will there be any new quotes in the second edition?" "Yes... for example this one!"  

E-print Network

this one!" A student at a London training course, following a similar question by a Hong Kong student (more details are given in the trivia Appendix G). At the time we were given the task of studying month a new book on financial modeling or on mathematical finance comes out, one of the first questions

Brigo, Damiano

282

Taking race out of scare quotes: race?conscious social analysis in an ostensibly post?racial world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Academics and activists concerned with race and racism have rightly coalesced around the sociological project to refute biologistic conceptions of race. By and large, our default position as teachers, writers and researchers is that race is a social construct. However, the deconstruction of race and its claims to theoretical intelligibility has also left us buckling under the weight of scare

Paul Warmington

2009-01-01

283

Taking Race out of Scare Quotes: Race-Conscious Social Analysis in an Ostensibly Post-Racial World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academics and activists concerned with race and racism have rightly coalesced around the sociological project to refute biologistic conceptions of race. By and large, our default position as teachers, writers and researchers is that race is a social construct. However, the deconstruction of race and its claims to theoretical intelligibility has…

Warmington, Paul

2009-01-01

284

The discovery of the {ital b} quark at Fermilab in 1977: The experiment coordinator{close_quote}s story  

Microsoft Academic Search

I present the history of the discovery of the Upsilon (Υ) particle (the first member of the {ital b}-quark family to be observed) at Fermilab in 1977 by the CFS (Columbia-Fermilab-Stony Brook collaboration) E288 experiment headed by Leon Lederman. We found the first evidence of the Υ in November 1976 in an early phase of E288. The subsequent discovery in

Yoh

1998-01-01

285

77 FR 70522 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or quotes (``order/quote entry ports'')) and to implement a fee for...and, together with order/quote entry ports, ``ports'').\\3...execution reports via the order/quote entry port that is used to enter the...

2012-11-26

286

76 FR 60566 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Rule Change Regarding Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit Orders September...proposed rule change to allow Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') and Remote Streaming Quote...

2011-09-29

287

76 FR 49816 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Rule Change Regarding Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit Orders August...for the proprietary accounts of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders. The...

2011-08-11

288

77 FR 67037 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...delete references to the automatic quote regeneration and quote risk monitor functions...Rule 53.24(b) (Automatic Quote Regeneration) and Rule 53.24(c) (Quote Risk...date, neither the automatic quote regeneration nor the quote risk monitor...

2012-11-08

289

Metals Fact Sheet: Neodymium  

SciTech Connect

Neodymium was discovered in 1898 when it was separated from {open_quotes}dydimium,{close_quotes} a praseodymium-neodymium compound that was thought to be only one element. {open_quotes}Neodymium{close_quotes} is derived from the Greek words {open_quotes}neos{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}didymos,{close_quotes} which translates to {open_quotes}new twin.{close_quotes} This article discusses sources and applications of the element, and reviews world reserves and demands. Price trends in the commodity are also noted.

NONE

1992-11-01

290

77 FR 47897 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, LLC; Order Granting Approval of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to the ISE, each set of CMM quotes will have independent quoting...CMMs cannot aggregate multiple quotes in an options class to meet...surveillance on each set of quotes for compliance with the quoting...IV. Conclusion It is therefore ordered,...

2012-08-10

291

I Thought Composition Was about Commas and Quotes, Not Queers: Diversity and Campus Change at a Rural Two-Year College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fayette County, once home to the Carnegies, the Mellons, and the Fricks, now punctuated by abandoned mines and coke ovens, is the second poorest county in Pennsylvania. Gay and lesbian students experience discrimination in this County. In this article, the author discusses her efforts to intervene in this complicated problem by deploying a…

Mitchell, Danielle

2008-01-01

292

DRAFT - COMMENTS AND CRITICISMS ARE WELCOME PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE FROM THIS DRAFT Analysis of material, social, and moral enforcement in natural resource management in southern Namibia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our research region in southern Namibia ineffective enforcement contributes to natural resource degradation. We analyse the root causes of ineffective enforcement applying multiple methods such as small surveys, economic experiments as well as case studies. Our conceptual framework distinguishes between moral, social, and material enforcement. Transactions costs of altering, monitoring and enforcing institutions vary depending on the used enforcement

Thomas Falk; Björn Vollan; Michael Kirk

293

DRAFT PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE OR DISTRIBUTE WITHOUT PERMISSION FROM THE AUTHORS Bratton, J.; Quintos, B.; Civil, M. (2004): Collaboration between researchers and parents  

E-print Network

a rejection of the deficit view that is frequently associated with working-class, "minority" #12;2 parents, B.; Civil, M. (2004): Collaboration between researchers and parents for the improvement, Mexico City (Mexico), March 12-13, 2004 Collaboration Between Researchers and Parents for the Improvement

Civil, Marta

294

Selection, sorting, and a few comments by Konstantin K. Likharev C:\\User\\Personal\\Literature\\From Quotes of the Day.doc Page 1 of 21  

E-print Network

they have to say something. - Plato A wise man gets more use from his enemies than a fool from his friends no one else can hit; Genius hits a target no one else can see. - Arthur Schopenhauer Any intelligent fool of 21 - Robert Half There is nobody so irritating as somebody with less intelligence and more sense than

295

FINAL DRAFT IPCC WGII AR5 Chapter 12 Do Not Cite, Quote, or Distribute Prior to Public Release on 31 March 2014  

E-print Network

Change 12.2.1. Climate Change Impacts on Material Aspects of Livelihood Security 12.2.2. Adaptation Security in the Context of Climate Change 12-2. The Nature of Evidence about Climate Change and Human of Conflict in Darfur 12-6. Evidence on Security and Geopolitical Dimensions of Climate Change Impacts

Columbia University

296

TO &QUOT;LIMITATIONS OF ROI TESTING FOR VENTING DESIGN: DESCRIPTION OF AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH BASED ON ATTAINMENT OF A CRITICAL PORE-GAS VELOCITY IN CONTAMINATED MEDIA  

EPA Science Inventory

In this paper, we describe the limitations of radius of influence (ROI) evaluation for venting design in more detail than has been done previously and propose an alternative method based on specification and attainment of critical pore-gas velocities in contaminated subsurface me...

297

COMMENTS ON &QUOT;EFFECT OF PRENATAL EXPOSURE OF DELTAMETHRIN ON THE ONTOGENY OF XENOBIOTIC METABOLIZING CYTOCHROME P450S IN THE BRAIN AND LIVER OF OFFSPRINGS.  

EPA Science Inventory

Comments on: Effect of prenatal exposure of deltamethrin on the ontogeny of xenobiotic metabolizing cytochrome P450s in the brain and liver of offsprings [Johri et al. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 214:279-289, 2006] Johri and colleagues recently reported that maternal exposur...

298

[Type a quote from the document or the summary of an interesting point. Juhree's career includes decades of management, consulting, strategic planning, policy  

E-print Network

and individual growth. By combining her background in mental health and health care administration with herLink BC · Copeman Healthcare Centre · Vancouver Island Health · Camosen College (Nurse Educators) · Health Canada SELECTED HIGHLIGHTS OF COACHING/ WORKSHOPS IN HEALTH CARE · College of Registered Nurses of BC

Illinois at Chicago, University of

299

Conference "To Engage or Disobey?", Institute of Sociology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, 12 October 2012 Draft version (September 2012). Do not quote.  

E-print Network

are directly affected by it. The relationship between environmentalists � meaning environmental problems affecting them and the place the live in is far from of a dioxin contamination that affected this town in 1976 following an industrial

Boyer, Edmond

300

FINAL DRAFT IPCC WGII AR5 Chapter 11 Do Not Cite, Quote, or Distribute Prior to Public Release on 31 March 2014  

E-print Network

.6.1. Nutrition 11.6.1.1.Mechanisms 11.6.1.2.Near-Term Future 11.6.2. Occupational Health 11.6.2.1.Heat Strain.8.2. Limits to Food Production and Human Nutrition 11.8.3. Thermal Tolerance of Disease Vectors 11.9.2. Access to Reproductive Health Services 11.9.2.1.Birth and Pregnancy Intervals 11.9.2.2.Maternal Age

Silver, Whendee

301

\\talks and writings\\Aspen Forum REVISED FOR PARTICIPANTS 9-01 Discussion draft for Forum participants. Do not quote or copy.  

E-print Network

by fossil fuels throughout this century. Such dominance is likely. But there is a fossil-fuel-based solution. It is conceivable that most of the carbon in the next hundred years of fossil fuels can be prevented from reaching-carbon sequestration are unlike the politics of carbon management strategies designed to bring the fossil fuel era

302

To be quoted as : Bennasr, A. & Verdeil, ., 2014. An `Arab Spring' for Corporatization? Tunisia's National Electricity Company (STEG). In D. MacDonald, ed. Rethinking Corporatization  

E-print Network

enormously successful in extending electricity and gas throughout Tunisia. With more than 99% coverage. Whether for purposes of improving people's lives, boosting economic output, currying political favour governance relationships with the state. STEG's status as a `public' agency may also be in question

Boyer, Edmond

303

76 FR 20761 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change...schedule for execution of quotes/orders through the...executed for displayed quotes/orders and $0.0010...rebate for displayed quotes/orders) through other...20763

2011-04-13

304

77 FR 67040 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BOX Options Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposal Regarding Quote Mitigation...part of the quote mitigation...and Immediate Effectiveness of CBOE Rule...part of the quote mitigation...and Immediate Effectiveness of CBOE...

2012-11-08

305

17 CFR 242.605 - Disclosure of order execution information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of information: (i) For market orders, marketable limit orders, inside-the-quote limit orders, at-the-quote limit orders, and near-the-quote limit orders: (A) The number of covered orders; (B) The cumulative...

2010-04-01

306

75 FR 77024 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...day for a calendar month; A ``Daily BBO Quoting Percentage'' would be calculated...BLP bond; and A ``Monthly Average BBO Quoting Percentage'' would be calculated...BLP bond by summing the bond's ``Daily BBO Quoting Percentages'' for each...

2010-12-10

307

77 FR 3019 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...G) to reflect changes to the Automated Quote Management service that will...market maker's change in Automated Quote Management service status...Automated Quote Management service. Accordingly...that the proposed changes to Rule...

2012-01-20

308

78 FR 27267 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rule Change To Amend Remote Streaming Quote Trader Fees and Reference a Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organization May 3, 2013. Pursuant to Section...update references to Remote Streaming Quote Traders or RSQTs. The text of the proposed...

2013-05-09

309

75 FR 63878 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...6\\ Specialists,\\7\\ Streaming Quote Traders (``SQT''),\\8\\ Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQT''),\\9\\ Firms and Broker-Dealers...Rule 1020(a). \\8\\ A Streaming Quote Trader is defined in Exchange Rule...

2010-10-18

310

78 FR 4914 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Rule Change To Amend Performance Evaluations With Respect to Quote Submissions of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders January 3, 2013. Correction In notice document 2013-00201, appearing on pages 1906-1907 in...

2013-01-23

311

Defining the normal turbine inflow within a wind park environment  

SciTech Connect

This brief paper discusses factors that must be considered when defining the {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} (as opposed to {open_quotes}extreme{close_quotes}) loading conditions seen in wind turbines operating within a wind park environment. The author defines the {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} conditions to include fatigue damage accumulation as a result of: (1) start/stop cycles, (2) emergency shutdowns, and (3) the turbulence environment associated with site and turbine location. He also interprets {open_quotes}extreme{close_quotes} loading conditions to include those events that can challenge the survivability of the turbine.

Kelley, N.D.

1993-06-01

312

Defining the normal turbine inflow within a wind park environment  

SciTech Connect

This brief paper discusses factors that must be considered when defining the [open quotes]normal[close quotes] (as opposed to [open quotes]extreme[close quotes]) loading conditions seen in wind turbines operating within a wind park environment. The author defines the [open quotes]normal[close quotes] conditions to include fatigue damage accumulation as a result of: (1) start/stop cycles, (2) emergency shutdowns, and (3) the turbulence environment associated with site and turbine location. He also interprets [open quotes]extreme[close quotes] loading conditions to include those events that can challenge the survivability of the turbine.

Kelley, N.D.

1993-06-01

313

75 FR 13618 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...participants are as follows: (i) Specialists, Registered Options Traders (``ROTs''), Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') \\8\\ and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs''); \\9\\ (ii) customers; \\10\\ (iii)...

2010-03-22

314

Preliminary results of the correlation between ion concentrations in rainwater samples and atmospheric back trajectories as a part of the study {open_quotes}impact to acid rain in the deterioration of Mexican Maya monuments{close_quotes} (project Conacyt-UNAM: 0128T9106)  

SciTech Connect

The environmental Pollution Section at the Center of Atmospheric Sciences, National Autonomus University of Mexico (UNAM), has been conducting a research project on their potential of impact of acid rain on the Mexican Maya monuments since 1993. As a part of such study, 49 rainwater samples were collected during the years 1994 through 1995 at the Puerto Morelos Oceanographic Station Located close to the Tulum Maya ruins in the State of Qintana Roo. The rain water samples were collected using an automatic rain collector. After the rain event, the water samples were transferred to clean Nalgene bottles. The bottles were stored under refrigeration prior to their shipment to the UNAM laboratory in Mexico City. Concentrations of anions Cl{sup -}, NO{sup -}{sub 3}, and SO{sup 2-}{sub 4} and cations Na{sup +}, NH{sup +}{sub 4}, K{sup +}, Mg{sup 2+} an Ca{sup 2+} were determined by the High Pressure Ion Chromatographic Procedure. The pH of samples was measured in the laboratory. Also, wind back upper trajectories which arrived to the Puerto Morelos are at the same date of each rain event, were calculated using the GMCC atmospheric trajectory program at NOAA. A thorough analysis on the relations between anions and cations is made and preliminary correlations of these results with the calculated long range trajectories are explored in order to find the possible origin of the event.

Bravo, A.H.; Saavedra, M.I.; Snchez, P.; Camacho, R. [Univ. of Mexico (Mexico)] [and others

1996-12-31

315

75 FR 16891 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX, Inc.; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...exclude the time a Market Maker's quote is shelved under the Directed Order...satisfied his quoting obligations as no quote will be posted by the Market Maker during such time the quote is shelved. IV. Conclusion It is therefore ordered,...

2010-04-02

316

75 FR 1438 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Memo Concerning the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy January 4, 2010. I. Introduction...on the application of, the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy (the ``Policy''). In...gapping the quote.'' The use of a gap quote signals the existence of the...

2010-01-11

317

75 FR 1439 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Rescinding...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Memo Concerning the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy January 4, 2010. I. Introduction...on the application of, the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy (the ``Policy''). In...gapping the quote.'' The use of a gap quote signals the existence of the...

2010-01-11

318

Journalist Reliance on Teens and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study considers the ethical implications of quoting children with particular emphasis on privacy and accuracy. A content analysis is used to examine how newspaper reporters quote children and teenagers. The study found that youths most likely are named when they are quoted in the newspaper. Teens who are 17 are the most likely to be quoted. Youths most frequently

Jenn Burleson Mackay

2008-01-01

319

Nuclear steam supply system KLT-40 enhanced safety as independent power supply source. Employment prospects.  

SciTech Connect

High quality of KLT-40 nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) providing enhanced safety is attained owing to the development and operation experience of equipments and systems in Soviet nuclear icebreakers. First of all they are the operating nuclear-powered icebreakers {open_quotes}Arktika{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Sibir{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Rossiya{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}Sovetsky Soyuz{close_quotes}, the limited draught icebreakers of joint Soviet-Finnish manufacturing {open_quotes}Taimyr{close_quotes} {open_quotes}Vaigach{close_quotes}. 30-years trouble-free operation of icebreaker {open_quotes}Lenin{close_quotes}, the ancestor of nuclear powered fleet, is unprecedented. Operation life of individual equipment items amounts to 107000 hours, that testifies to high reliability and life characteristics of NSSS. Trouble-free operation of the nuclear-powered icebreakers` reactor plants (RPs) exceeded 130 reactor years, that proves high quality of design decisions being underlain in the basis of the KLT-40 NSSS for the lighter-cargo carrier {open_quotes}Sevmorput{close_quotes}, which was put into operation into 1988. Besides it testifies to the expediency of KLT-40 NSSS employment as a power source in different power installations. The KLT-40 is a reactor plant with a pwr type reactor. The design is described in detail with diagrams.

Polunichev, V.I.; Sayanov, D.G.; Ardabievsky, A.A. [Experimental Design Bureau of Machine-Building, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

1993-12-31

320

77 FR 69670 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or quotes (``order/quote entry ports'')) as well as for ports that...and, together with order/quote entry ports, ``ports'').\\4\\ The Exchange...execution reports via the order/quote entry port that is used to enter the...

2012-11-20

321

77 FR 69682 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or quotes (``order/quote entry ports'')) as well as for ports that...and, together with order/quote entry ports, ``ports'').\\4\\ The Exchange...execution reports via the order/quote entry port that is used to enter the...

2012-11-20

322

77 FR 69688 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or quotes (``order/quote entry ports'')) and to implement a fee for...and, together with order/quote entry ports, ``ports'').\\3\\ The Exchange...execution reports via the order/quote entry port that is used to enter the...

2012-11-20

323

77 FR 69679 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...or quotes (``order/quote entry ports'')) and to implement a fee for...and, together with order/quote entry ports, ``ports'').\\4\\ The Exchange...execution reports via the order/quote entry port that is used to enter the...

2012-11-20

324

Water Sheds and Water Quality  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Illinois DNR pdf file contains a collection of activities to teach students in grades 5-9 about watersheds and pollution. Activities include &amp;amp;quot;What is a Watershed?,&amp;amp;quot; &amp;amp;quot;Which Watershed are you in?&amp;amp;quot; and general information about pollution and the Gulf of Mexico.

Dnr, Illinois

325

Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes  

SciTech Connect

Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

Gaba, J.M. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States)

1990-12-31

326

James E. Allen, Jr., on Education: Quotes and Summaries of Articles and Speeches by Dr. James E. Allen, Jr., Prior to Becoming Assistant Secretary for Education and Commissioner of Education, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief biography and a condensation of publications and speeches by Dr. James E. Allen, Jr., are outlined in this document. The form and purpose of higher education, the effectiveness of the school system, and the goals of educational policy are covered. Narrowing the scope considerably, problem areas such as the church-state issue, school…

Allen, James E., Jr.

327

HAPPINESS AND CONSUMPTION IN PERU: EXPLORING BASIC NEEDS, SOCIAL COMPARISON, SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND HEDONISM (Please do not quote) Paper for the Conference Policies for Happiness, Siena 14th-17th June 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of material poverty consumption and happiness are expected to be positively and strongly related. This is usually explained in terms of the increased possibilities to satisfy basic needs that additional spending provides. Other important aspects of consumption, such as its relative, symbolic and hedonic dimensions are not usually accounted for. These are explored in the paper through

Monica Guillen Royo

328

This condensed guide will help you with basic APA Style rules for in-text citations and reference lists. You must attribute other people's ideas, research, and quotes within the body of your paper. You can be  

E-print Network

that denying poor people access to water is terrorism. Denying poor people access to water is tantamount Author, Initial. (year). Title. Location: Publisher. Shiva, V. (2002). Water wars: Privatization. (2001). Singapore: Civil-military fusion. In M. Alagappa (Ed.), Coercion and governance (pp. 276

Suzuki, Masatsugu

329

His account is published in Battuta (1929):267, 271. A second source, Yule (1886):457 quotes himas observing "I have seen no region of the earth in which provisions are  

E-print Network

passing "between villages and orchards, just as if we were going through a bazaar."1 Six centuries later happen in Bangladesh, as in much of the Mughal Empire and what became British India, was a growing

Tesfatsion, Leigh

330

The performance data quoted represents past performance, and is no guarantee of future results. Your returns and the principal value of your investment will fluctuate so that your shares and annuity account accumulation units, when redeemed, may be worth  

E-print Network

Date Since Inception Gross/Net Expense Charge Fee Waiver Expiration Ticker Symbol 3-Month YTD 1 Year 5.43%/0.43% --16.98% 3.75% 2.12% 6.77% CREF Stock Account Account Number: 002 Share Class: N/A See notes: 25, 105 Charge Fee Waiver Expiration Ticker Symbol 3-Month YTD 1 Year 5 Year 10 Years TIAA Real Estate Account

Fraden, Seth

331

Every year, the Career Center surveys new UW alumni. Below are some quotes from 2011-2012 undergraduate & graduate level alumni regarding how they found their jobs. If you need help finding a job, let us know!  

E-print Network

-2012 undergraduate & graduate level alumni regarding how they found their jobs. If you need help finding a job, let us know! Internships & Jobs: "The distinguishing factor that separates those of my peers was the single most important part of my job search. Getting to know the principal and teachers at my school

Kaminsky, Werner

332

DRAFT: Please do not quote without permission of one of the authors; comments welcome at drkelly@purdue.edu, machery+@pitt.edu, or rmallon@philosophy.utah.edu  

E-print Network

role in past racial oppression, there remains wide disagreement among philosophers and social theorists the intersection of these normative proposals with recent work on the psychology of racial cognition. Race psychology in constraining or facilitating various reform proposals. Instead, contemporary race theory

Machery, Edouard

333

The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS), Lowestoft Laboratory, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk, NR33 0HT, UK http://www.cefas.co.uk Crown copyright, 2000. Not to be quoted without prior reference to the authors. TRANSPORT  

E-print Network

controlling radionuclide movement in the Irish Sea. A model for radionuclide transport in the marine) IN THE IRISH SEA: COMPARISON BETWEEN OBSERVATIONS AND RESULTS FROM SEDIMENT AND CONTAMINANT TRANSPORT MODELLING decadal time periods. Modelled processes include transport in the water column, exchange of contaminants

334

[Herpes simplex virus type 1-induced rising dbl quote, left (low)tumor" in the nasal vestibule. The problem of resistance development of herpes simplex in a patient with chronic lymphatic B-cell leukemia].  

PubMed

Herpes simplex viruses are known to be among the most common disease-causing microorganisms. Their prevalence can exceed 90% depending on the socioeconomic status of the population. Since the number of immunocompromised patients has increased because of the increased incidence in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and an increase in organ transplantation, herpes virus infection may have a greater clinical significance. While treatment of otherwise healthy individuals will not usually cause any clinical problems herpes infection in an immunocompromised patient can have severe consequences. Additionally, development of viral resistance can be observed that may require alternative drugs in treatment. We present a case history of a man with a B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia that was associated with a very unusual herpes simplex virus infection in the nasal vestibule. Possible causes for the development of resistance in herpes infections and the use of famciclovir and forscarnet as two therapeutic alternatives to aciclovir are discussed. PMID:10663064

Althof, F; Mechtersheimer, M; Richter, M; Dietz, A

2000-02-01

335

Rough Draft Please do not quote without permission from author Rural\\/Urban Energy Farms: Onsite Alternative Energy Production from Wind Rights, and Geothermal and Mineral Rights as Value Added or Potential Cash Flow Sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the present and realistic future value implications of wind rights (air rights or surface access rights), geothermal rights (subsurface rights) and mineral rights (subsurface rights) based on contemporary and potential technology as to their possible positive value implications to urban and rural property values. Rapid advancements in alternative energy related technologies and increased demand\\/cost of electricity require

John S. Baen

336

76 FR 49824 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the PAN by sending orders or quotes. At the conclusion of the Auction, the PIXL Order...solely by the other orders and quotes that are present in the Auction...1080, relating to the early conclusion of the PIXL Auction;...

2011-08-11

337

Hv: A graphical user interface library for scientific and engineering applications  

SciTech Connect

We have developed Hv, a library based on Motif and X-Windows for use in scientific and engineering applications. Through more than 500 public functions, Hv provides for multiple {open_quote}{open_quote}views{close_quote}{close_quote} with independent world and pixel coordinate systems. Hv will perform all necessary coordinate transformations and window maintenance and will automatically provide Hv applications with the ability to print their views to postscript printers or to save their contents as encapsulated postscript files for inclusion into other documents. Applications may draw upon a rich suite of predefined graphical items or easily add their own. Examples of applications written in Hv include the single event display for the CEBAF large acceptance spectrometer (CLAS), the graphical level-one {open_quote}{open_quote}trigger{close_quote}{close_quote} programming software for experiments using CLAS, a scientific plotter, and a simulation of theater missile defense architectures. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Heddle, D.P. [Christopher Newport University and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)] [Christopher Newport University and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

1996-03-01

338

How reliable are DSM resources  

SciTech Connect

Planners are increasingly concerned with the reliability of DSM resources, but [open quotes]reliability[close quotes] means different things to different people. What's essential is that DSM resources be evaluated in a manner consistent with that of generating resources.

Jackson, P.W.

1993-05-01

339

77 FR 36027 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...however, their undisplayed status does not contribute to the BBO. To the contrary, the credit LMMs receive for displayed liquidity...through decreased quoted spreads and increased quoted sizes of the BBO. In addition, the credit is reasonable, equitable and...

2012-06-15

340

75 FR 78312 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Clarify Quote Management Procedures December 9, 2010...Commission a proposed rule change to clarify quote management procedures. The text of the proposed rule change is below. Proposed new...

2010-12-15

341

77 FR 77165 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Proposed Rule Change To Retire the Automated Quote Management Functionality Described...and Make Conforming Changes to Rule 4751(f...the Proposed Rule Change The Exchange proposes...the automated quote management functionality...

2012-12-31

342

75 FR 77034 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Clarify Market Maker Quote Management Procedures December 6...Commission a proposed rule change to clarify market maker quote management procedures. The text of the proposed rule change is below. Proposed...

2010-12-10

343

Inert plug formation in the DDT of granular energetic materials  

SciTech Connect

A mechanism is proposed to explain the {open_quotes}plugs{close_quotes} that have been observed in deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) of granular explosives. Numerical simulations are performed that demonstrate the proposed mechanism. Observed trends are reproduced.

Son, S.F.; Asay, B.W.; Bdzil, J.B.

1995-09-01

344

78 FR 26841 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...may qualify to be Remote Streaming Quote Traders \\3\\ with as many as three affiliated...of several types of Registered Option Traders (``ROTs'') \\6\\ on the Exchange...1014 to define a Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organization or (``RSQTO'')...

2013-05-08

345

76 FR 77040 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ii) may currently disincentivize aggressive displayed quoting by permitting pegging...incentive for participants to display aggressive prices, a participant may be reluctant...is designed to incentivize and reward aggressive displayed quoting by market...

2011-12-09

346

Scaling question answering to the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wealth of information on the web makes it an attractive resource for seeking quick answers to simple, factual questions such as &quote;who was the first American in space?&quote; or &quote;what is the second tallest mountain in the world?&quote; Yet today's most advanced web search services (e.g., Google and AskJeeves) make it surprisingly tedious to locate answers to such questions.

Cody C. T. Kwok; Oren Etzioni; Daniel S. Weld

2001-01-01

347

Gas breakdown effects in the generation and transport of light ion beams for fusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficiency of delivering an ion beam to an inertial confinement fusion target depends on the ability to control the breakdown of both unintended (in the {open_quote}{open_quote}vacuum{close_quote}{close_quote} diode region) and intended (in the transport region) gas. The desorption and breakdown of anode-surface contaminants in an ion diode complicates the generation of a pure, high-brightness ion beam. Beyond the accelerator, the

D. R. Welch; M. E. Cuneo; C. L. Olson; T. A. Mehlhorn

1996-01-01

348

In need of sustainable leadership: Which strategies are fit to meet future core challenges?  

SciTech Connect

{open_quotes}Sustainable leadership{close_quotes} supports the management of complexity and diversity. But it is not an easy task. It requires a high level of awareness of system interrelation and a high level of {open_quotes}preventive wisdom{close_quotes} rather than {open_quotes}reactive cleverness{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}reactive reckoning{close_quotes}. Preventive wisdom seeks to be alert to and anticipate the multifaceted influences resulting from varied social and environmental context conditions. Management decisions based on preventive wisdom are likely to result in innovative solutions that avoid the well known negative social and environmental side effects or long-term economic damages of reactive decision making. Sustainable management thus represents a highly skilled, engaged and professional attempt to reach out for nothing less than the best solution. {open_quotes}Sustainable management{close_quotes} is the reflection of social, cultural, ecological, organizational and economic interrelations. Otherwise it would not fit the criteria of {open_quotes}sustainability{close_quotes}. From that point of view {open_quotes}sustainable management{close_quotes} requires a tough and multi process rooted training, as sustainability is a complex challenge in itself to deal with complexity, whether in nature, human cultures, organizational networks, means to understand, to balance, to integrate and to relate a variety of interdependencies. Thus sustainable and economic development may contribute to a win-win-strategy, instead of excluding each other, and represent a newly designed meaning of {open_quotes}Concentrate on what you can do best{close_quotes}.

Schwendner, R. [International School of Business Management, Bad Waldsee (Germany)

1997-12-31

349

Circumstantial evidence for critical behavior in peripheral {ital A}{ital u}{bold +}{ital A}{ital u} collisions at 35 MeV/nucleon  

SciTech Connect

The fragmentation resulting from peripheral Au + Au collisions at an incident energy of {ital E}=35 MeV/nucleon is investigated. A power-law charge distribution, {ital A}{sup {minus}{tau}} with {tau}{approx_equal}2.2, and an intermittency signal are observed for events selected in the region of the Campi scatter plot where {open_quote}{open_quote}critical{close_quote}{close_quote} behavior is expected. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Mastinu, P.F.; Belkacem, M.; DAgostino, M.; Bruno, M.; Milazzo, P.M.; Vannini, G.; Bowman, D.R.; Colonna, N.; Dinius, J.D.; Ferrero, A.; Fiandri, M.L.; Gelbke, C.K.; Glasmacher, T.; Gramegna, F.; Handzy, D.O.; Horn, D.; Hsi, W.C.; Huang, M.; Iori, I.; Kunde, G.J.; Lisa, M.A.; Lynch, W.G.; Margagliotti, G.V.; Montoya, C.P.; Moroni, A.; Peaslee, G.F.; Petruzzelli, F.; Rui, R.; Schwarz, C.; Tsang, M.B.; Williams, C.; Latora, V.; Bonasera, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Bologna (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Bologna (Italy); [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Trieste (Italy); [INFN, Bari (Italy); [Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, Milano (Italy); [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro (Italy); [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); [Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River (Canada); [CNEA, Buenos Aires (Argentina); [INFN, Laboratorio Nazionale del Sud, Catania (Italy)

1996-04-01

350

Interaction of impurity ions with a weakly non-Maxwellian simple hydrogenic plasma. [None  

SciTech Connect

The average acceleration of an ensemble of /open quotes/test particles/close quotes/ in a plasma is called the /open quotes/dynamical friction/close quotes/; the average rate at which their velocity vectors spread out in velocity-space diffusion-rate tensor. These quantities are derived for impurity ions intereacting with a weakly non-Maxwellian simple hydrogenic plasma. The distribution functions for the plasma ions and electrons are written explicitly.

Terry, W.K.

1988-03-01

351

Documents and related materials associated with the contents and the origin of the Los Alamos technical series and the national nuclear energy series  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rationale for preparing this document arose from the fact that the author (who worked in D-Building during WWII) was asked to contribute a short article on {open_quotes}Plutonium Metallurgy at Los Alamos During the War{close_quotes} for inclusion in the 50th anniversary book, {open_quotes}Behind Tall Fences,{close_quotes} published in 1993 by the J.R. Oppenheimer Memorial Committee. I agreed, believing that all of

Hammel

1996-01-01

352

Polyelectrolyte gels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polyelectrolyte (PE) gels are swollen polymer\\/solvent networks that undergo a reversible volume collapse\\/expansion through various types of stimulation. Applications that could exploit this large deformation and solvent expulsion\\/absorption characteristics include robotic {open_quotes}fingers{close_quotes} and drug delivery systems. The goals of the research were to first explore the feasibility of using the PE gels as {open_quotes}smart materials{close_quotes} - materials whose response can

D. J. Segalman; W. R. Witkowski

1995-01-01

353

The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals  

SciTech Connect

The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

Metcalf, R.L. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)

1990-12-31

354

The implausible current interpretations of radiobiological linear, nonthreshold functions  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to show that inappropriate coordinates are now assigned to the assumed linearly proportional {open_quotes}dose-response{close_quotes} functions for quantal quantal (i.e., either-or) responses in the elements of a cell population system exposed to low-level radiation. The result is that the present interpretation, {open_quotes}any amount of radiation, however small, can be harmful or lethal{close_quotes} is of highly questionable validity.

Bond, V.P. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1994-12-31

355

75 FR 80553 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change Relating to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...At the conclusion of the Response...individual orders and quotes in the leg markets...Responses. At the conclusion of a COA, the auctioned...individual orders or quotes, Customer Electronic...Exchange's best quote for each of the...IV. Conclusion It is...

2010-12-22

356

76 FR 54518 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Adding...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the obligation to quote in adjusted option series...designated for immediate effectiveness by Phlx. \\4\\ See...response to a request for quote being received. Accordingly...continue to be obligated to quote in adjusted series when...change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed...

2011-09-01

357

75 FR 1433 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule...Option Series To Quote in Penny Increments...filing and immediate effectiveness). \\7\\ Options...as eligible to quote in $0.01 increments...option series to quote in penny intervals...III. Date of Effectiveness of the...

2010-01-11

358

78 FR 61413 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To...for market participants to quote on the Exchange. Background...from subscribers for trade and quote tape data received from trading...each quarter for trade and quote data from the previous...

2013-10-03

359

76 FR 13678 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...one-sided non-firm'' quote condition, the Options...identify only one side of a quote as non-firm. The...filed for immediate effectiveness to enable its systems...compliance with the Quote Rule. B. Self-Regulatory...received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed...

2011-03-14

360

75 FR 73150 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change...and (ii) there is a Quote Exhaust (as described...as described below) quote condition present in...compliance with the Quote Rule. B. Self-Regulatory...received. II. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed...

2010-11-29

361

76 FR 28252 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To...pricing schedule for execution of quotes/orders through the NASDAQ...share executed for displayed quotes/orders and $0.0010 per share executed for non-displayed quotes/orders. Under the...

2011-05-16

362

75 FR 61799 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change...and (ii) there is a Quote Exhaust (as described...as described below) quote condition present in...compliance with the Quote Rule. B. Self-Regulatory...received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed...

2010-10-06

363

75 FR 1434 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule...Option Series To Quote in Penny Increments...filing and immediate effectiveness). \\7\\ Options...as eligible to quote in $0.01 increments...option series to quote in penny intervals...III. Date of Effectiveness of the...

2010-01-11

364

78 FR 69483 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...feed as well as the Specialized Quote Feed. The Exchange is proposing to add reference to the Specialized Quote Feed in the rule, consistent with the effectiveness of sending the PAN over the Specialized Quote Feed. See supra note 5 at...

2013-11-19

365

76 FR 54516 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Adding...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...sic] will be required to quote the series when it becomes...in response to a request for quote being received. Accordingly...continue to be obligated to quote in adjusted series when the...rule change. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule...

2011-09-01

366

77 FR 6828 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...support a one-sided non-firm quote condition. These technological...systems, and to disseminate this quote condition to quotation vendors...the one-sided non-firm quote condition. On November 9...Commission, for immediate effectiveness, an amendment to the...

2012-02-09

367

48 CFR 1552.203-70 - Current/former agency employee involvement certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...year prior to submission of this offer (quote). (b) He does [] does not...year prior to submission of this offer (quote) and who has been or will be involved...developing or negotiating this offer (quote) for the offeror (quoter), or in...

2010-10-01

368

7 CFR 1427.25 - Determination of the prevailing world market price and the adjusted world price for upland cotton.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...referred to as the “Far East price” (FE). (4) If quotes are not available for 1 or more days in the 5-day period, the available quotes during the period will be used. If no quotes are available during the Friday through Thursday...

2010-01-01

369

My Words of an Other.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the conventions of quotation marks--or "perverted commas"--and identifies seven uses, including shudder quotes (slang or inappropriate words) and scare quotes (used for attention or emphasis). Notes that quotation marks influence meaning and that finding a personal voice entails using language without quotes. (MM)

Dillon, George L.

1988-01-01

370

76 FR 1101 - Property Traded on an Established Market  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...recent trading prices. Property is described in Sec...consequences. As an initial matter, the difference between...quote to buy or sell the property is available. A firm...as a firm quote as a matter of law or industry practice...proposed regulations treats property with a firm quote...

2011-01-07

371

Voronoi network model of ZnO varistors with different types of grain boundaries  

SciTech Connect

Electrical transport in zinc oxide varistors is simulated using two-dimensional Voronoi networks. The networks are assumed to contain randomly distributed grain boundaries of three electrical types: (1) high nonlinearity (i.e., {open_quote}{open_quote}good{close_quote}{close_quote}) junctions; (2) poor nonlinearity (i.e., {open_quote}{open_quote}bad{close_quote}{close_quote}) junctions; and (3) linear with low-resistivity (i.e., ohmic) junctions. These type classifications are those found in experimental measurements. By varying the type concentrations, the simulated current density versus electric field ({ital J}{endash}{ital E}) characteristics can be made to conform to the different experimentally observed characteristics of ZnO varistors. These characteristics include the sharpness of switching at the transition between ohmic and nonlinear {ital J}{endash}{ital E} response (i.e., knee region), as well as the degree of nonlinearity. It is shown that the reduction of the nonlinearity coefficient of bulk varistors, relative to that of isolated grain boundaries, can be explained only by the presence of {open_quote}{open_quote}bad{close_quote}{close_quote} varistor junctions. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Bartkowiak, M. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States); Mahan, G.D. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States); [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1200 (United States); Modine, F.A. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States); Alim, M.A. [Hubbell, Incorporated, The Ohio Brass Company, 8711 Wadsworth Road, Wadsworth, Ohio 44281 (United States)] [Hubbell, Incorporated, The Ohio Brass Company, 8711 Wadsworth Road, Wadsworth, Ohio 44281 (United States); Lauf, R.; McMillan, A. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6087 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6087 (United States)

1996-12-01

372

The Clean Air Act`s enforcement ace: An overview of EPA`s credible evidence rule  

SciTech Connect

The 1990 Clean Air Act ({open_quotes}CAA{close_quotes}) amendments included numerous provisions directing EPA to require owners or operators to conduct enhanced monitoring and to make compliance certifications. These provisions contained in both those Title V (Operating Permits) and Title VII (Enforcement) of those amendments. Section 503(b)(2) of the amended CAA requires at least annual certifications of compliance with permit requirements and prompt reporting of any deviations from such requirements. Section 114(a)(3) of the CAA requires EPA to promulgate rules on enhanced monitoring and compliance certifications. On October 23, 1993, EPA proposed its {open_quotes}enhanced monitoring{close_quotes} rule. The enhanced monitoring proposal also included the Conceptual approach of using {open_quotes}presumptively credible evidence{close_quotes} in enforcement actions. Further, this proposal also would have allowed the use of {open_quotes}credible evidence,{close_quotes} other than reference or compliance test data to establish noncompliance in an enforcement action. In approximately three weeks, EPA is scheduled to republish as a final rule, the credible evidence provisions of the original enhanced monitoring rule with apparently minor revisions. This paper briefly summarizes the history, status, and likely impact EPA`s {open_quotes}any credible evidence{close_quotes} ({open_quotes}ACE{close_quotes}) rule.

Paul, P.J. [Snell & Wilmer, Phoeniz, AZ (United States)

1997-12-31

373

76 FR 47635 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposal to Amend Chapter VI, Section 15 (Automatic Quote Cancellation) of the BOX Trading...proposes to amend Chapter VI, Section 15 (Automatic Quote Cancellation) of the Rules of...proposes to amend Chapter VI, Section 15, Automatic Quote Cancellation. As explained...

2011-08-05

374

AQuery: Query Language for Ordered Data, Optimization Techniques, and Experiments  

E-print Network

(interpreted as a multiset) changes if the order of the input records is changed. In a stock-quotes database, for instance, retriev- ing all quotes concerning a given stock for a given day does not depend on order, because the collection of quotes does not depend on order. By contrast, finding a stock's five- price

Shasha, Dennis

375

78 FR 36591 - David M. Lewis, D.M.D., Dismissal of Proceeding  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...3655980, at *9 (E.D. Va. Aug. 11, 2010) (quoting Davies v. Jobs & Adverts Online, Gmbh, 94 F.Supp.2d 719, 722...service.''''' Harbinson, 2010 WL 3655980, at * 9 (quoting Davies, 94 F.Supp.2d at 722 (quoting Ziegler, 111F.3d at...

2013-06-18

376

76 FR 52032 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Effectiveness of Proposed Rule Change To Offer a Bulk-Quoting Interface August 15, 2011...BATS Options'') to introduce a bulk-quoting interface for BATS Options Market...the Exchange proposes to introduce a bulk-quoting interface for market makers...

2011-08-19

377

76 FR 48925 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Proposed Rule Change To Introduce a Bulk-Quoting Interface August 3, 2011. Pursuant...the Commission a proposal to introduce a bulk-quoting interface for NASDAQ market makers...on NOM, NASDAQ proposes to introduce a bulk-quoting interface for market makers...

2011-08-09

378

Effect of Source Attribution on Perception of Online News Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines whether readers' perceptions of online news stories varies as a function of source attribution in those stories. Finds that they rated stories with quotes significantly higher in credibility and quality than identical stories without quotes; but that quotes did not affect liking for (and representativeness or newsworthiness of) online…

Sundar, S. Shyam

1998-01-01

379

The Cook Mountain problem: Stratigraphic reality and semantic confusion  

SciTech Connect

Historical inconsistency as to what constitutes the Cook Mountain Formation illustrates the semantic confusion resulting from extending surface-derived stratigraphic names into the subsurface without a full understanding of basin architecture. At the surface, the Cook Mountain Formation consists of fossilerous marine shale, glaucony and marl, and marginal-marine sandstone and shale between the nonmarine Sparta Formation sandstones below and the nonmarine Yegua Formation sandstones and lignitic shales above. Fossils are abundant, including the benthic foraminifer Ceratobulimina eximia. As subsurface exploration began, the first occurrence of Ceratobulimina eximia {open_quotes}Cerat{close_quotes} was used as the top of the marine {open_quotes}Cook Mountain Shale{close_quotes} below the Yegua section. Downdip, the overlying Yegua was found to become a sequence of marine shales and marginal-marine sandstones, the lower part of which yielded {open_quotes}Cerat{close_quotes}. Because of this, the lower sandstones were called {open_quotes}Cook Mountain{close_quotes} in many fields. At the Yegua shelf margin, {open_quotes}Cerat{close_quotes} is absent. Different exploration teams have used their own definitions for {open_quotes}Cook Mountain{close_quotes}, leading to substantial confusion.

Ewing, T.E. [Frontera Exploration Consultants, San Antonio, TX (United States); [Venus Oil Co., San Antonio, TX (United States)

1994-12-31

380

78 FR 22011 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Order Approving, on an Accelerated Basis, Proposed...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exchange Proposes To Treat Orders, Market-Making Quoting Obligations, and Errors in Response...Exchange proposes to treat orders, market-making quoting obligations, and errors in response...whether a Specialist has met its market-making quoting requirement pursuant to Rule...

2013-04-12

381

78 FR 22004 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca LLC; Order Approving, on an Accelerated Basis, Proposed...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exchange Proposes To Treat Orders, Market-Making Quoting Obligations, and Errors in Response...Exchange proposes to treat orders, market-making quoting obligations, and errors in response...Lead Market Maker has met its market-making quoting requirement pursuant to Rule...

2013-04-12

382

Inferring Trade Direction from Intraday Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates alternative methods for classifying individual trades as market buy or market sell orders using intraday trade and quote data. The authors document two potential problems with quote-based methods of trade classification: quotes may be recorded ahead of trades that triggered them, and trades inside the spread are not readily classifiable. These problems are analyzed in the context

Charles M. C. Lee; Mark J. Ready

1991-01-01

383

Lee Hot Springs power project. First topical report management plan  

SciTech Connect

The Lee Hot Springs Project ({open_quotes}the Project{close_quotes}) will use binary cycle turbine-generators supplied by geothermal hot water to make electricity. Two clusters of three (3) 1,000 kilowatt ({open_quotes}kw{close_quotes}) projects, each cluster comprising a {open_quotes}plant,{close_quotes} will use the pumped output of one geothermal well. The plants will tie into Sierra Pacific Power Company`s ({open_quotes}Sierra`s{open_quotes}) transmission system. The Project objectives are designed to demonstrate that geothermal energy is a non-polluting, non-CO{sub 2} emitting form of generation, which if used in larger increments, will significantly reduce the emissions of greenhouse gasses. The Project will also demonstrate the use of modular, {open_quotes}non-grid{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}village{close_quotes} units which can be used throughout the world where geothermal energy is present in remote locations and power is not. The Project was conceived as a 20,000 kw Qualifying Facility, divided into two phases, a 5,000 kw phase one followed by a 15,000 kw phase two. The first phase of the Project now consists of two (2) 3,000 kw plants to generate 6,000 kws.

NONE

1996-03-18

384

Limitation on the amount of accessible information in a quantum channel  

SciTech Connect

We prove a new result limiting the amount of accessible information in a quantum channel. This generalizes Kholevo{close_quote}s theorem and implies it as a simple corollary. Our proof uses the strong subadditivity of the von Neumann entropy functional {ital S}({rho}) and a specific physical analysis of the measurement process. The result presented here has application in information obtained from {open_quote}{open_quote}weak{close_quote}{close_quote} measurements, such as those sometimes considered in quantum cryptography. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Schumacher, B.; Westmoreland, M.; Wootters, W.K. [Department of Physics, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 43022 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Kenyon College, Gambier, Ohio 43022 (United States); [Theoretical Astrophysics, T-6, MS B288, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); [Department of Mathematics, Denison University, Granville, Ohio 43023 (United States); [Department of Physics, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts 01267 (United States)

1996-04-01

385

Monitored plutonium aerosols at a soil cleanup site on Johnston Atoll  

SciTech Connect

Suspended plutonium in air was monitored for four periods near the operation of a stationary sorting system used to {open_quotes}mine{close_quotes} contaminated soil on Johnston Atoll. The monitoring periods were 14 October-14 November 1992, 20 October-15 November 1993, 16 August-3 November 1994, and 17 February-27 February 1995. Pairs of high volume air samplers were located at each of four locations of the process stream: the {open_quotes}spoils pile{close_quotes} that was the feedstock, the {open_quotes}plant area{close_quotes} near the hot soil gate of the sorter, the {open_quotes}clean pile{close_quotes} conveyer area where sorted clean soil was moved, and the {open_quotes}oversize soil{close_quotes} crushing area. These locations were monitored only during the working hours, while air monitoring was also done at an upwind, {open_quotes}background{close_quotes} area 24-hours per day. The median concentrations of Pu in {open_quotes}workplace{close_quotes} air (combined spoils pile, plant area, and clean pile sites) in 1992 was 397 aCi/m{sup 3} (15 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}), but increased to median values of 23000 aCi/m{sup 3} (852 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}) in August-November 1994 and 29800 aCi/m{sup 3} (1100 {mu}Bq/m{sup 3}) in February 1995. The highest median value at the worksites (29800 aCi/m{sup 3}) was more than 200 times lower than the regulatory level. The highest observed value was 84200 aCi/m{sup 3} at the spoils pile site, and this was more than 70 times lower than the regulatory level. The conclusion was that, in spite of the dusty environment, and the increased level of specific activity, we did not find that the soil processing posed any significant risk to workers during the observation periods 1992-1995.

Shinn, J.H.; Fry, C.O.; Johnson, J.S.

1996-01-23

386

Mining landforms - A renewable energy development opportunity  

SciTech Connect

A {open_quotes}landforming{close_quotes} land development opportunity unique to metals mining is described. {open_quotes}Landforming{close_quotes}, wherein the earth`s surface is reconfigured with mining waste rock and tails for the capture of renewable energy, is proposed by the United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) to be ecologically acceptable and, in selected cases, economically superior to conventional mineral extraction, reclamation, and minesite abandonment practices. Landforming is primary land construction that uses mining waste and applies the principles of land overlay architecture. Landforms can be layered, shaped, and configured through the use of binders and plastic sheeting to the engineering specifications necessary for the support of physical structures and passage or retention of fluids. Landforms that are terraced and south facing (in the Northern Hemisphere) are an ideal mount for sun-tracking mirror (heliostat) arrays. In {open_quotes}blue sky{close_quotes}. solar-rich environments, the mirrors can be targeted on a common area to form a {open_quotes}solar furnace.{close_quotes} The heat generated at the focal point of the solar array can be used to flash generate steam and run a turbine electric generator. The solar steam power generation cycle coproducers distilled water that can be sprayed onto the surfaces of the landform to create {open_quotes}greenscape.{close_quotes} Waters not consumed or evaporated in the site greening process percolate into and are stored by the landform if it is underlain with plastic. The landform serves, in effect as a shallow aquifer. The terrace-landform development of mineral properties in remote, infrastructurally destitute areas creates renewable energy, sustainable, electric power-water {open_quotes}oases.{close_quotes} The landform development of mineral properties adjacent to metropolitan areas creates utilities expansions and recreational {open_quotes}greenspace{close_quotes} in areas of growing urban need.

Lombardi, J.A. [Bureau of Mines, Denver, CO (United States)

1995-12-01

387

Diagnosing and curing system freeze-ups: Part II  

SciTech Connect

In our last article, we discussed determination and possible causes leading to frozen pipes in the heating system. We now turn to the matter of dealing with such freeze-ups. There are two major categories of frozen heating systems. The first and worst we can label the {open_quotes}Floridian Flew{close_quotes} type, when the usual occupants have taken off for warmer climates. The second is the {open_quotes}Howcudit {open_quote}B{close_quote} virus,{close_quotes} which occurs to normal people under an unusual Arctic Attack right while they are living there. Regarding the first, I never cease to be amazed how folks can just up and leave their house for three days to three months without making proper arrangements for monitoring the temperature of their home during their absence. There are a frightening number of humanoids out there, who either lack a minimal presence of common sense, or who are terrible gamblers. The amazing thing is that some of these folks wouldn`t even gamble a postage stamp on a magazine sweepstakes, but still will gamble the contents of their home by driving off for two weeks at Disneyland in the middle of January without ever making any provision for assuring that their house doesn`t freeze up while they are away. The {open_quotes}Howcudit {open_quote}B{close_quote}{close_quotes} type is not nearly as devasting as the {open_quotes}Floridian Flew.{close_quotes} Imagine coming home to an icy cold house after flying in from the sunny beaches of some tropical paradise. The oilburner switch is on. The thermostate is set at 60 where we left it, but the needle is buried somewhere down behind the cover, like it is cowering from guilt. {open_quotes}Oh Man! I just checked the bathroom; there is an icicle hanging from the vanity faucet and the toilet bowl is a block of ice.{close_quotes}

Frey, R. [Heating and Plumbing Service, Sparta, NJ (United States)

1996-02-01

388

Engineering change in global climate  

SciTech Connect

{open_quotes}With increased public focus on global warming and in the wake of the intense heat waves, drought, fires, and super-hurricanes that occurred in 1988 and 1989, interest in geoengineering has surged,{close_quotes} says Stephen H. Schneider, professor of biological science at Stanford University in Stanford, California. One scheme set forth in a National Research Council report proposes using 16-inch naval guns to fire aerosol shells into the stratosphere in hopes of offsetting {open_quotes}the radiative effects of increasing carbon dioxide,{close_quotes} Schneider says. Schneider, however, would prefer that we {open_quotes}seek measures that can cure our global {open_quote}addiction{close_quote} to polluting practices.{close_quotes} Rather than playing God, he says we should {open_quotes}stick to being human and pursue problem - solving methods currently within our grasp.{close_quotes} Such strategies include efforts to promote energy efficiency and reduce our reliance on automobiles.

Schneider, S.H. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1996-12-31

389

Flux-line lattice in high-T[sub c] superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The flux-line lattice in type-II superconductors has unusual nonlocal elastic properties which make it soft for short wavelengths of distortion. This softening is particularly pronounced in the highly anisotropic high-T[sub c] superconductors (HTSC) where it leads to large thermal fluctuations and to thermally activated depinning of the Abrikosov vortices. Numerous transitions are predicted for these layered HTSC when the temperature T, magnetic induction B, or current density J are changed. In particular, the flux lines are now chains of two-dimensional (2D) [open quotes]pancake vortices[close quotes] which may [open quotes]evaporate[close quotes] by thermal fluctuations or may depin individually. At sufficiently high T, ohmic resistivity p(T,B) is observed down to J [yields] 0. This indicates that the flux lines are in a [open quotes]liquid state[close quotes] with no shear stiffness and with small depinning energy or that the 2D vortices can move independently. At lower T, p(T, B, J) is nonlinear since the pinning energy of an elastic vortex lattice or [open quotes]vortex glass[close quotes] increases with decreasing J as predicted by theories of collective pinning and by [open quotes]vortex glass[close quotes] scaling. 160 refs., 7 figs.

Brandt, E.H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung, Stuttgart (Germany))

1993-08-01

390

Enhancement of computer program SPECTRAN to provide optional synthesis of 1/12 octave-band and critical-band spectra from 1/3 octave-band spectra  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes greatly enhanced version of the computer program SPECTRAN, which was initially presented in Paper No. 96-RA104.01, at the A&WMA 89th Annual Meeting in June 1996. The program has had three basic upgrades since that time. The first is provision of an option to use either batch-mode input from previously prepared data files or a {open_quotes}user-friendly{close_quotes} interactive input routine. The latter is primarily for first-time users and those having only one, or very few, spectra to process. The second improvement is the synthesis of 1/12 octave-band spectra from 1/3 octave-band spectra, with {open_quotes}tone correction,{close_quotes} in a manner similar to that used in the original version of the program. The third fundamental improvement is addition of a unique new capability to synthesize classic {open_quotes}critical-band{close_quotes} spectra from 1/3 octave-band input spectra. Critical-band spectra are also termed {open_quotes}equivalent-rectangular-bandwidth (ERB){close_quotes} and {open_quotes}equal-contribution-to-speech (ECS){close_quotes} spectra.

Chang, Young-Soo [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Liebich, R.E. [Raytheon Environmental Services Company, Cambridge, MA (United States)

1997-07-01

391

Application of break preclusion concept in German nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

The break preclusion concept is based on {open_quotes}KTA rules{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}RSK guidelines{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Rahmenspeziflkation Basissicherheit{close_quotes}. These fundamental rules containing for example requirements on material, design, calculation, manufacturing and testing procedures are explained and the technical realisation is shown by means of examples. The proof of the quality of these piping systems can be executed by means of fracture mechanics calculations by showing that in every case the leakage monitoring system already detect cracks which are clearly smaller than the critical crack. Thus the leak before break behavior and the break preclusion concept is implicitly affirmed. In order to further diminish conservativities in the fracture mechanics procedures, specific research projects are executed which are explained in this contribution.

Roos, E. [Energie-Versorgung Schwaben AG, Stuttgart (Germany); Maier, V. [Bayernwerk AG, Muenchen (Germany); Nagel, G. [PraussenElektra AG, Hannover (Germany)] [and others

1997-04-01

392

Disappearance of extrusion instabilities in brass capillary dies  

SciTech Connect

We have extruded a linear low-density polyethylene through capillary dies fabricated from stainless steel and brass. We confirm a result first reported by Ramamurthy [Ramamurthy, A. V., {open_quotes}Wall Slip in Viscous Fluids and Influence of Materials of Construction,{close_quotes} J. Rheol. {bold 30}, 337{endash}357 (1986)]: sharkskin can be eliminated by the use of a brass die. We also find a substantially enhanced throughput from the brass die relative to the stainless-steel die at stresses in the range where sharkskin is observed with the latter. Finally, the large pressure oscillations and periodic extrudate distortions observed in the {open_quotes}slip{endash}stick{close_quotes} region with stainless steel are absent with brass, where the transition to the {open_quotes}upper branch{close_quotes} of the flow curve is more gradual. {copyright} {ital 1999 Society of Rheology.}

Ghanta, V.G.; Riise, B.L.; Denn, M.M. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory] [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720-1462 (United States)

1999-03-01

393

Hypermedia systems: An introduction  

SciTech Connect

For the support of mega-quantities of documents there are now emerging radically new communication and general information systems. In this paper we suggest that although many {open_quotes}first generation{close_quotes} systems currently being used have major drawbacks, the {open_quotes}second generation systems{close_quotes} that are appearing address these problems. We also suggest that since few people appreciate the ramifications of new high-resolution graphics technology, the term {open_quotes}multimedia{close_quotes} is frequently used with too narrow a meaning. It can be argued that hypermedia systems can revolutionize all work, leisure, and lifelong learning. This paper considers, under each of these headings, the implications of the new technology. One thing is certain: the impact will be tremendous and irresistible. Before long, organizations will not be able to afford not to use hypermedia.

Lennon, J. [Univ. of Auckland (New Zealand); Maurer, H. [Graz Univ. of Technology (Austria)

1995-03-01

394

Conversion of the sarcophagus of the Chernobyl nuclear plant into an underground radiation shield  

SciTech Connect

The {open_quotes}sarcophagus,{close_quotes} made as the primary construction for confining radionuclides during the post-accident period, is exhausting its protective capabilities, and this is cause for alarm. The competition conducted in Ukraine in 1993 did not yield a sufficiently effective technical solution to convert it into an ecologically safe system. The competition commission preferred the French design in which a second {open_quotes}sarcophagus{close_quotes} is build above the first one and all structures (more than 200,000 m{sup 3}) and destroyed fuel elements (more than 150 tonnes) are to be completely disassembled, decontaminated, and stored in special dumps. Such a technical solution is difficult to implement, it is expensive, and it is ecologically unreliable, i.e. {open_quotes}Chernobyl affiliates{close_quotes} are created (of course, not in France but in Ukraine). This article discusses the possibility of burying the sarcophagus in soil.

Kulai, V.I.

1995-10-01

395

Earth systems education: Report from 60 U.S. teams  

SciTech Connect

Efforts are now underway to radically change the content and organization of the K-12 curriculum. Earth Systems Education is consistent with {open_quotes}Project 2061{close_quotes} (AAAS), {open_quotes}Scope, Sequence, and Coordination{close_quotes} (NSTA), and the emerging {open_quotes}National Science Standards{close_quotes} (NRC), but differs in that the focus is systems science of planet Earth, especially as it connects to all areas of the curriculum. NSF has supported about 200 teachers along with school administrators and college professors from leadership teams to pilot reform and restructuring efforts tailored to needs of local districts and states. Evaluation of Earth Systems Education has been undertaken by Horizon Research, and a clear conclusion has emerged that teacher/school administrator/college professor teaming and support over several years within a local school district is most effective at encouraging significant school curriculum and structural reform.

Hoyt. W.H. [Univ. of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO (United States); Mayer, V.J. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States); Tschillard, R.L. [Univ. of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31

396

Thermal properties of explosives. Quarterly report, April--June 1964  

SciTech Connect

Changes in the loading technique for the Henkin test to be used when investigating high temperatures explosives are reported. Data comparing times-to-explosion for lead, aluminum {open_quotes}foil{close_quotes}, insulated lead, and insulated aluminum {open_quotes}foil{close_quotes} plugs are included. A preliminary temperature-time curve for an HMX sample in the Henkin batch at 272{degrees}C, is reported. The pyrolysis apparatus has been reworked to increase its sensitivity and the results of the changes are readily apparent in the pyrolytic decomposition curves that are reported. Thermal data are reported for some {open_quotes}tailormade{close_quotes} samples of HMX, samples of PETN from different manufacturers, and the six simulated samples of Bridgewater HMX. Differences within these groups are detected by one or another of the tests. Work has begun on a two column gas chromatograph to be used in obtaining chemical reactivity data for use in specifications.

Myers, L.C.

1997-09-01

397

Radiation-resistant control system  

SciTech Connect

REMOTEC has developed a {open_quotes}radiation resistance{close_quotes} control system under a U.S. Department of Energy Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) contract with assistance from the University of Florida. The SBIR goal was to develop a radiation resistant mobile robot from the ANDROS family of hazardous duty mobile robots that REMOTEC manufactures. See Refs. 1 and 2 for additional SBIR results. The control system, as well as the entire ANDROS robot, was redesigned, where necessary, to withstand radiation doses in excess of 10{sup 6} rad. Those components of the robot that could not be purchased as {open_quotes}radiation hardened{close_quotes} were tested under standard operating conditions for determination of their {open_quotes}radiation resistance.{close_quotes} The entire ANDROS robot was then assembled with these new components and tested to > 10{sup 6} rad.

Cable, T.C.; Jones, S. [Remote Technology Corporation, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-12-31

398

Use of sulfur hexafluoride and perfluorocarbon tracers in plutonium storage containers for leak detection  

SciTech Connect

This study involves an investigation of the feasibility of a tracer-based leak detection system for long-term interim plutonium storage. In particular, a protocol has been developed based on the use of inert tracers with varying concentrations in order to {open_quotes}fingerprint{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}tag{close_quotes} specific containers. A particular combination of tracers at specific ratios could be injected into the free volume of each container, allowing for the detection of leaks as well as determination of the location of leaking containers. Based on plutonium storage considerations, sulfur hexafluoride and four perfluorocarbon tracers were selected and should allow a wide range of viable fingerprinting combinations. A {open_quotes}high-low{close_quotes} protocol which uses two distinct chromatographic peak areas or concentration levels, is recommended. Combinations of air exchange rates, detection durations, and detectability limits are examined in order to predict minimum tracer concentrations required for injection in storage containers.

Kung, J.K. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1998-05-01

399

Field investigation of heat transfer in hydraulic fractures and the effect of heat transfer on fracturing fluid design  

SciTech Connect

Fracturing fluid temperature is a key variable in the design of hydraulic fracturing treatments and the formulation of fracturing fluids. Heat transfer in a hydraulic fracture dictates the fluid formulation and the concentration of chemical {open_quotes}breakers{close_quotes} used to degrade the fluid and maximize proppant pack conductivity. This paper contains the results of an investigation of heat transfer in hydraulic fractures, and documents the recording of bottomhole temperature during Piceance Basin Mesaverde fracturing treatments and during immediate flow back ({open_quotes}forced closure{close_quotes}). Bottomhole temperature was measured with a gauge set in a perforated interval, and the data shows minimal {open_quotes}cool down{close_quotes} of fracturing fluids, i.e., flow back temperatures increased rapidly to near bottomhole static temperature. Computer simulations are also presented and a fracturing fluid design methodology is suggested which balances fluid rheological requirements with degradation requirements, for maximizing proppant pack conductivity.

Craig, D.P.; Brown, T.D.; Ely, J.W.

1996-12-31

400

Use of SSH on a compartmented mode workstation  

SciTech Connect

SSH stands for {open_quotes}Secure Shell.{close_quotes} It is now a user shell like csh or ksh. Instead it is a widely-used means to accomplish secure, encrypted communication among cooperating nodes. It is a secure replacement for the {open_quotes}r-commands{close_quotes}, rlogin, and rcp. SSH is free for noncommercial use and builds and runs on most any Unix platform. A Compartmented Mode Workstation (CMW) is an example of a secure or {open_quotes}trusted{close_quotes} operating system. The use of SSH on a CMW introduces security problems unless the SSH source code is modified to take advantage of the security features of the CMW. This paper describes the port and use of SSH on one particular brand of CMW.

Tolliver, J.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Dillow, D. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1997-08-01

401

Thermophiles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This official site of Yellowstone National Park contains information on thermophiles as a part of the &quot;Nature in Yellowstone&quot; home page. Specific topics covered include the history of thermophile research in Yellowstone National Park and future research plans including the &quot;Yellowstone Thermophiles Conservation Project.&quot; The site also contains links to Yellowstone National Park's main pages and the &quot;Nature in Yellowstone&quot; homepage where users can access links to a wealth of information on Yellowstone geology and hydrothermal features, online videos of ranger talks, Yellowstone publications, and additional Yellowstone Nature-related links from non-NPS sources.

Park, Yellowstone N.; National Park Service, U. S.

402

Compilation for critically constrained knowledge bases  

SciTech Connect

We show that many {open_quotes}critically constrained{close_quotes} Random 3SAT knowledge bases (KBs) can be compiled into disjunctive normal form easily by using a variant of the {open_quotes}Davis-Putnam{close_quotes} proof procedure. From these compiled KBs we can answer all queries about entailment of conjunctive normal formulas, also easily - compared to a {open_quotes}brute-force{close_quotes} approach to approximate knowledge compilation into unit clauses for the same KBs. We exploit this fact to develop an aggressive hybrid approach which attempts to compile a KB exactly until a given resource limit is reached, then falls back to approximate compilation into unit clauses. The resulting approach handles all of the critically constrained Random 3SAT KBs with average savings of an order of magnitude over the brute-force approach.

Schrag, R. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1996-12-31

403

Challenge problems for artificial intelligence  

SciTech Connect

AI textbooks and papers of ten discuss the big questions, such as {open_quotes}how to reason with uncertainty{close_quotes}, {open_quotes}how to reason efficiently{close_quotes}, or {open_quotes}how to improve performance through learning.{close_quotes} It is more difficult, however, to find descriptions of concrete problems or challenges that are still ambitious and interesting, yet not so open-ended. The goal of this panel is to formulate a set of such challenge problems for the field. Each panelist was asked to formulate one or more challenges. The emphasis is on problems for which there is a good chance that they will be resolved within the next five to ten years.

Selman, B.; Brooks, R.A.; Dean, T. [and others

1996-12-31

404

Climate change history stored in Greenland ice  

SciTech Connect

Core samples drilled deep inside polar ice caps may reveal important clues about the future in an era of global warming. Ice caps are {open_quotes}excellent archives that allow us to document gradual shifts in climate that have occurred over the past millennia,{close_quotes} says Bernhard Stauffer, a researcher at the University of Bern`s Physics Institute in Switzerland. Samples taken deep beneath the surface of the ice cap {open_quotes}allow scientists to reconstruct changes not only in global climate, including temperature and precipitation, but also in atmospheric composition,{close_quotes} Stauffer says. Abrupt, not gradual, temperatures increases were found to correspond to an increase in greenhouse gases. What do these findings bode for the future? {open_quotes}Our exploration of the ice cores has suggested...that global climatic variation can occur in a fraction of a human lifetime,{close_quotes} Stauffer concludes.

Stauffer, B. [Univ. of Bern (Switzerland)

1996-12-31

405

Solar cars sprint across the outback: Dream team wins first place  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Solar Challenge was first held in 1987. It is an international {open_quotes}green prix{close_quotes} for solar-powered cars between Darwin and Adelaide, some 3000 km (1850 miles) across Australia`s {open_quotes}Red Centre. At that time, many marveled in the fact that the winner, the GM Sunraycer, had crossed a continent at an average speed of 66.9 kph (41.5 mph) on just

M. G. Mayer; D. A. J. Rand

1997-01-01

406

Cultural protection: A link to tradition  

Microsoft Academic Search

For thousands of years, the Gwich'in Indians, American Indians living in the northernmost reaches of what is now Alaska, have looked to the Porcupine Caribou herd as their principal subsistence resource, notes Robert A. Childers, a senior advisor for the Gwich'in Steering Committee. [open quotes]Porcupine caribou provide more than food and materials,[close quotes] Childers writes. [open quotes]They are central to

Childers

2009-01-01

407

Toxicity evaluation and hazard review for Rigid Foam  

SciTech Connect

Rigid Foam is a chemical delay foam used to completely encapsulate an object or to block access to an area. Prior studies have indicated that the final foam product is essentially non-toxic. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and summarize the current chemical and toxicological data available on the components of Rigid Foam and to update the information available on the toxicity of the final Rigid Foam product. Since the possibility exists for a partial deployment of Rigid Foam where only one of the components is released, this study also examined the toxicity of its chemical constituents. Rigid Foam is composed of an {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} Component. The {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} component is primarily a polymeric isocyanate and the {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} component is a mixture of polyols. In addition to the primary constituents, dichlorodifluoromethane and trichlorofluoromethane are present as blowing agents along with catalysts and silicone surfactants necessary for foaming. The pre-deployed {open_quotes}A{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}B{close_quotes} components are stored in separate vessels and are brought together in static mixing nozzles for dispersal. The results of this evaluation indicate that a completely deployed Rigid Foam under normal conditions is essentially non-toxic as determined previously. However, in the event of a partial deployment or deployment of an individual component directly at an unprotected individual, the degree of hazard is increased due to the toxic and corrosive nature of the individual constituents. The health hazard would depend on the properties of the material to which the person was exposed.

Archuleta, M.M.; Stocum, W.E.

1994-02-01

408

Gas anomaly on seismic-seismic interpretation utilizing geologic-seismic models resulted in an onshore US discovery  

SciTech Connect

In an onshore south Louisiana field, a significant gas well was drilled in an area originally mapped as a [open quotes]low,[close quotes] by reinterpreting the seismic data with the help of depositional concepts and a seismic-geologic model. The gas-bearing sand is interpreted to be of reworked deltaic sand origin. Such sands are produced by the reworking of older abandoned deltaic complexes. The overall gas-bearing sand depostional sequence is comprised of, from base to top, (1) an organic-rich [open quotes]prodelta shale[close quotes] (velocity 7200 ft/sec), overlain by (2) a [open quotes]distributary mouth bar sandstone[close quotes], 350 ft thick in its middle parts, poorly sorted sandstones with abundant finer grained matrix (velocity 10,500 ft per sec.), a characteristic lensoid shape with a concave upward base and a flat top, overlain by (3) the [open quotes]reworked deltaic sandstones,[close quotes] clean, well sorted, quartose sandstones with excellent porosity and permeability, occasionally calci, 40 to 60 ft thick, elongated along depositional strike (velocity 11,500 ft/sec), overlain by (4) [open quotes]transgressive marine shales.[close quotes] The transgressive marine shales are deposited during the destructive phase of the delta system, contain abundant marine organisms, are very calcic, and have higher velocities (compared to prodelta shales) ranging between 7500 to 8000 ft/sec. The velocities increase going upwards in the section, a reflection of deposition in increasingly deeper marine waters. The seismic criteria that formed the basis for the original [open quotes]synclinal[close quotes] interpretation of the gas zone, once depositionally explained, became the key criteria for the recognition and mapping of the gas anomaly on seismic data.

Saxena, R.S. (GeoConsultants International Inc., Kenner, LA (United States))

1993-02-01

409

Fusion power development pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the national fusion program Technical Planning Activity (TPA) led by Argonne National Laboratory, it was proposed that a systematic activity be initiated called Development Pathways Analysis. This activity was defined as {open_quotes}developing and applying methodologies for assessing the cost, risk, and schedule impacts of differing approaches to fusion development.{close_quotes} The TPA report states that an {open_quotes}important objective is to

Stephen O. Dean

1993-01-01

410

Transition-metal complexes with sulfur ligands. 82. H{sub 2}S, S{sub 2}, and CS{sub 2} molecules as ligands in sulfur-rich [Ru(PPh{sub 3})`S{sub 4}] complexes (`S{sub 4}{sup 2-} = 1,2-Bis[(2-mercaptophenyl)thio]ethane(2-))  

SciTech Connect

Red (Ru(PPh{sub 3}){open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}){sub x} ({open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}{sup 2} = 1,2-bis((2-mercaptophenyl)thio)ethane(2-) reacts in liquid H{sub 2}S at -70 C to give (Ru(SH{sub 2})(PPh{sub 3}){open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}) (1) which recrystallizes from H{sub 2}S-saturated THF as 1-THF in yellow-orange single crystals. 1-THF is the first of the rare and often very unstable H{sub 2}S complexes that could be characterized by X-ray crystallography and shows how H{sub 2}S in complexes with sulfur-dominated coordination spheres is stabilized by hydrogen bonds. 1 and 1-THF are rapidly oxidized by O{sub 2} to yield deep turquoise-blue (({mu}-S{sub 2})(Ru(PPh{sub 3}{open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}){sub 2}) (2) which has a trans {eta}{sup 1}-{eta}{sup 1}-S{sub 2} bridge and exists in two diastereomeric forms as proved by X-ray structure determination of 2{center_dot}CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} and 2{center_dot}CS{sub 2}. Crystals of 2{center_dot}CH{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} are triclinic. The RuSSRu core in 2 is a chromophore and is described as delocalized 4c-6e {pi} system. A high degree of sulfur coordination at the Ru centers is assumed to be responsible for the unusual electronic properties of 2 compared with other {mu}-S{sub 2} complexes. Addition of CS{sub 2} to (Ru(PPh{sub 3}) {open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}) fragments leads to formation of binuclear deep red ((Ru(PPh{sub 3}))({mu}-{open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}CS{sub 2})(Ru(PPh{sub 3}){open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote})) (3; {open_quote}S{sub 4}{close_quote}CS{sub 2}{sup 2{minus}} = 2-))2-((2-mercaptophenyl)-thio)phenyl trithiocarbonate (2-)) that exists in two diastereomeric pairs of enantiomers. One pair was characterized by X-ray crystallography of 3{center_dot}CS{sub 2} that contains a bridging thioxanthate ligand in an unprecedented bonding mode. Crystals of 3{center_dot}CS{sub 2} are monoclinic, space group P1.

Sellmann, D.; Lechner, P.; Knoch, F.; Moll, M. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie der Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany)

1992-01-29

411

Tank 241-BY-107 vapor sampling and analysis tank characterization report  

SciTech Connect

Tank 241-BY-107 headspace gas and vapor samples were collected and analyzed to help determine the potential risks to tank farm workers due to fugitive emissions from the tank. The drivers and objectives of waste tank headspace sampling and analysis are discussed in {open_quotes}Program Plan for the Resolution of Tank Vapor Issues{close_quotes}. Tank 241-BY-107 was vapor sampled in accordance with {open_quotes}Data Quality Objectives for Generic In-Tank Health and Safety Issue Resolution{close_quotes}.

Huckaby, J.L.

1995-05-05

412

FirstScience -The hitchhiker's guide to altruism --Study explains... http://www.firstscience.com/home/news/breaking-news-all-topics/t... 1 of 1 28/1/07 13:50  

E-print Network

& Behavioural > Space > Technology Articles Perspectives FirstScience TV Facts Poems & Quotes Games & Quizzes biology biotechnology business cancer care cell chemistry computer diseases economics education

Gardner, Andy

413

Outlook: Federal aid called vital. [High Speed Rail Transportation  

SciTech Connect

When high speed rail (HSR) proponents survey the future of their emerging industry, they invariably pepper their forecasts with [open quotes]ifs,[close quotes] most keyed to financing. In a typical comment, Jim Betts says his agency is [open quotes]waiting for a realistic and plausible funding capability[close quotes] before starting work on the 3-C's Cleveland-Cincinnati line. Betts wants federal funding to go beyond loan guarantees or greater access to tax-exempt bonds. He favors a generous direct-subsidy formula - similar to the one that financed the Interstates - in which the federal government matched every dollar from the states with nine of its own.

Not Available

1993-04-16

414

Long-term tradeoffs between nuclear- and fossil-fuel burning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A global energy\\/economics\\/environmental (E³) model has been adapted with a nuclear energy\\/materials model to understand better {open_quotes}top-level{close_quotes}, long-term trade offs between civilian nuclear power, nuclear-weapons proliferation, fossil-fuel burning, and global economic welfare. Using a {open_quotes}business-as-usual{close_quotes} (BAU) point-of-departure case, economic, resource, proliferation-risk implications of plutonium recycle in LAIRs, greenhouse-gas-mitigating carbon taxes, and a range of nuclear energy costs (capital and fuel)

Krakowski

1996-01-01

415

House passes RCRA fix by wide margin  

SciTech Connect

The House of Representatives has passed a bill to prevent expensive, court-ordered tightening of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act`s (RCRA) land-disposal rules. The measure was initiated last March as part of the Clinton Administration`s {open_quotes}reinventing environmental regulation{close_quotes} initiative and was championed by House Republicans. It passed, 402 to 19, drawing overwhelming support from Democrats. CMA president and CEO Fred Webber hailed the bipartisan approach as the right way to legislate. {open_quotes}We hope this bill can serve as a model for Superfund and other pieces of unfinished business,{close_quotes} he says.

NONE

1996-02-07

416

PCFB repowering project. Annual report, January--December 1993  

SciTech Connect

This report will provide an overview discussion of the {open_quotes}First Generation{close_quotes} Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed (PCFB) technology planned for demonstration at DMEC-1. The PCFB Repowering project will demonstrate {open_quotes}First Generation{close_quotes} PCFB technology where steam generated in a PCFB boiler will be used to power a steam turbine and exhaust gases from the PCFB boiler will be expanded through a gas turbine to provide additional power output. The status of each of the activities that have been carried out during the first budget period of the project, primarily in 1993 (including filter testing) will be reviewed.

Not Available

1994-04-01

417

CIMFUELS: NPRA computer conference continues to grow  

SciTech Connect

Process computer control has been a bedrock topic of NPRA computer conferences for many years. Traditionally this has included basic and advanced dynamic control, multivariable control (CMVPC), on-line optimization (CLRTO), scheduling, on-line integration and performance measures. These are the five active function of CIMFUELS that make money. Lately some have excluded scheduling and integration from {open_quotes}process control{close_quotes} but as they go closed loop, they become basic functions of {open_quotes}process control.{close_quotes} These new techniques to determine the financial performance of computer systems technology are discussed.

Latour, P.R.

1997-01-01

418

Technical and economic evaluation of selected compact drill rigs for drilling 10,000 foot geothermal production wells  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the investigation and evaluation of several {open_quotes}compact{close_quotes} drill rigs which could be used for drilling geothermal production wells. Use of these smaller rigs would save money by reducing mobilization costs, fuel consumption, crew sizes, and environmental impact. Advantages and disadvantages of currently-manufactured rigs are identified, and desirable characteristics for the {open_quotes}ideal{close_quotes} compact rig are defined. The report includes a detailed cost estimate of a specific rig, and an evaluation of the cost/benefit ratio of using this rig. Industry contacts for further information are given.

Huttrer, G.W. [Geothermal Management Company, Inc., Frisco, CO (United States)

1997-11-01

419

Real-time identification and prediction of geoeffective solar wind structures  

SciTech Connect

A feature-based classification technique is applied to the analysis of solar wind properties upstream of the Earth to predict the occurrence, duration, and magnitude of magnetic structures that can cause large geomagnetic storms. Because this method is based on identifiable physical features, it is highly upgradable by either analyzing data or physical models. The formulation of the technique is discussed and is then applied to two relatively {open_quotes}simple{close_quotes} solar wind events leading to large storms. The introduction of additional features to classify more {open_quotes}complicated{close_quotes} events is discussed to illustrate the upgradability. 14 refs., 3 fig.

Chen, J.; Cargill, P.J.; Palmadesso, P.J.

1996-03-15

420

Direct observation of stronger flux-line pinning of crossed compared to parallel linear defects  

SciTech Connect

Linear defects were introduced in high-temperature superconductors (HTSC{close_quote}s) by high-energy heavy-ion irradiation. Flux penetration into partly crossed and parallel irradiated HTSC{close_quote}s was observed by magneto- optics. The obtained flux distributions show that the critical current density {ital j}{sub {ital c}} in cross-irradiated HTSC{close_quote}s is larger by a factor up to 14 than in parallel irradiated HTSC{close_quote}s. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Schuster, T.; Kuhn, H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung, Institut fuer Physik, Postfach 800665, D-70506 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung, Institut fuer Physik, Postfach 800665, D-70506 Stuttgart (Germany); Indenbom, M.V. [Institut de Genie Atomique, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)] [Institut de Genie Atomique, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Kreiselmeyer, G.; Leghissa, M. [III. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erwin-Rommel-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)] [III. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erwin-Rommel-Strasse 1, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany); Klaumuenzer, S. [Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Postfach 390128, D-14091 Berlin (Germany)] [Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Postfach 390128, D-14091 Berlin (Germany)

1996-02-01

421

The path integral model of D-pairing for HTSC, heavy fermion superconductors, and superfluids  

SciTech Connect

A model of d-pairing for superconducting and superfluid Fermi-systems has been formulated within the path integration technique. By path integration over {open_quote}fast{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}slow{close_quotes} Fermi-fields, the action functional (which determines all properties of model system) has been obtained. This functional could be used for the determination of different superconducting (superfluid) states, for calculation of the transition temperatures for these states, and for the calculation of the collective mode spectrum for HTSC, as well as for heavy fermion superconductors.

Brusov, P.N.; Brusova, N.P. [Physical Research Inst., Rostov-on-Don (Russian Federation)

1996-05-01

422

Tank 241-U-107 vapor sampling and analysis tank characterization report  

SciTech Connect

Tank 241-U-107 headspace gas and vapor samples were collected and analyzed to help determine the potential risks to tank farm workers due to fugitive emissions from the tank. The drivers and objectives of waste tank headspace sampling and analysis are discussed in {open_quotes}Program Plan for the Resolution of Tank Vapor Issues.{close_quotes} Tank 241-U-107 was vapor sampled in accordance with {open_quotes}Data Quality Objectives for Generic In-Tank Health and Safety Issue Resolution.{close_quotes}

Huckaby, J.L.

1995-05-31

423

Tank 241-U-111 vapor sampling and analysis tank characterization report  

SciTech Connect

Tank 241-U-111 headspace gas and vapor samples were collected and analyzed to help determine the potential risks to tank farm workers due to fugitive emissions from the tank. The drivers and objectives of waste tank headspace sampling and analysis are discussed in {open_quotes}Program Plan for the Resolution of Tank Vapor Issues.{close_quotes} Tank 241-U-111 was vapor sampled in accordance with {open_quotes}Data Quality Objectives for Generic In-Tank Health and Safety Issue Resolution.{close_quotes}

Huckaby, J.L.

1995-05-31

424

Tank 241-S-102 vapor sampling and analysis tank characterization report  

SciTech Connect

Tank 241-S-102 headspace gas and vapor samples were collected and analyzed to help determine the potential risks to tank farm workers due to fugitive emissions from the tank. The drivers and objectives of waste tank headspace sampling and analysis are discussed in {open_quotes}Program Plan for the Resolution of Tank Vapor Issues.{close_quotes} Tank 241-S-102 was vapor sampled in accordance with {open_quotes}Data Quality Objectives for Generic In-Tank Health and Safety Issue Resolution. {close_quotes}

Huckaby, J.L.

1995-05-31

425

New FORTRAN computer programs to acquire and process isotopic mass spectrometric data: Operator`s manual  

SciTech Connect

This TM is one of a pair that describes ORNL-developed software for acquisition and processing of isotope ratio mass spectral data. This TM is directed at the laboratory analyst. No technical knowledge of the programs and programming is required. It describes how to create and edit files, how to acquire and process data, and how to set up files to obtain the desired results. The aim of this TM is to serve as a utilitarian instruction manual, a {open_quotes}how to{close_quotes} approach rather than a {open_quotes}why?{close_quotes}

Smith, D.H.; McKown, H.S.

1993-09-01

426

Nuclear power failure signals end of an era  

SciTech Connect

In the United States, {open_quotes}the nuclear industry is dead, kaput, finished{close_quotes} says Michael Mariotte, executive director of the Nuclear Information and Resource Service in Washington, D.C. Why? Investors are reluctant to gamble their money on a future generation of supposedly safe, economic nuclear power plants. {open_quotes}in 1979, the `safe` Three Mile Island-2 reactor turned a several-hundred-million-dollar investment into a billion-dollar loss in a matter of hours,{close_quotes} Mariotte says. {open_quotes}In fact, investing in nuclear power at this point would be like investing in the Titanic II.{close_quotes} However, diehard proponents of nuclear energy persist in their optimism for a new nuclear age, Mariotte says. These nuclear backers see the need to replace aging plants with a new generation of safer plants. But would a new generation of reactors really be safer? {open_quotes}To date, the industry may spur some new nuclear plants, it is more likely to lead to alternative renewable sources of energy that are more economical. {open_quotes}The nuclear age has ended as a result of inefficiency and unacceptable risks...After 50 years of sustained abuse, the Earth has finally and deservedly entered the end of the nuclear age,{close_quotes} Mariotte says.

Mariotte, M. [Nuclear Information and Resource Service, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-07-01

427

Filled skutterudite antimonides: Validation of the electron-crystal phonon-glass approach to new thermoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect

After a brief review of the transport and thermoelectric properties of filled skutterudite antimonides, we present resonant ultrasound, specific heat, and inelastic neutron scattering results that establish the existence of two low-energy vibrational modes in the filled skutterudite LaFe{sub 3}CoSb{sub 12}. It is likely that at least one of these modes represents the localized, incoherent vibrations of the La ion in an oversized atomic {open_quotes}cage.{close_quotes} These results support the usefulness of weakly bound, {open_quotes}rattling{close_quotes} ions for the improvement of thermoelectric performance.

Mandrus, D.; Dai, P.; Keppens, V. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1997-04-01

428

Filled skutterudite antimonides: Validation of the electron-crystal phonon-glass approach to new thermoelectric materials  

SciTech Connect

After a brief review of the transport and thermoelectric properties of filled skutterudite antimonides, the authors present resonant ultrasound, specific heat, and inelastic neutron scattering results that establish the existence of two low-energy vibrational modes in the filled skutterudite LaFe{sub 3}CoSb{sub 12}. It is likely that at least one of these modes represents the localized, incoherent vibrations of the La ion in an oversized atomic {open_quotes}cage{close_quotes}. These results support the usefulness of weakly bound, {open_quotes}rattling{close_quotes} ions for the improvement of thermoelectric performance.

Mandrus, D.; Sales, B.C.; Keppens, V. [and others

1997-04-01

429

How Long Do Numerical Chaotic Solutions Remain Valid?  

SciTech Connect

Dynamical conditions for the loss of validity of numerical chaotic solutions of physical systems are already understood. However, the fundamental questions of {open_quotes}how good{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}for how long{close_quotes} the solutions are valid remained unanswered. This work answers these questions by establishing scaling laws for the shadowing distance and for the shadowing time in terms of physically meaningful quantities that are easily computable in practice. The scaling theory is verified against a physical model. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Sauer, T. [Department of Mathematical Sciences , George Mason University , Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States)] [Department of Mathematical Sciences , George Mason University , Fairfax, Virginia 22030 (United States); Sauer, T.; Yorke, J.A. [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Grebogi, C. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik , Universitaet Potsdam , PF 601553, D-14415 Potsdam (Germany)] [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik , Universitaet Potsdam , PF 601553, D-14415 Potsdam (Germany)

1997-07-01

430

High temperature fracture and fatigue of ceramics. Annual technical progress report No. 6, August 15, 1994--August 14, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report covers work done in the first year of our new contract {open_quotes}High Temperature Fracture and Fatigue of Ceramics,{close_quotes} which commenced in August, 1995 as a follow-on from our prior contract {open_quotes}Mechanisms of Mechanical Fatigue in Ceramics.{close_quotes} Our activities have consisted mainly of studies of the failure of fibrous ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) at high temperature; with a little fundamental work on the role of stress redistribution in the statistics of fracture and cracking in the presence of viscous fluids.

Cox, B.

1996-04-01

431

Programmed cell death for defense against anomaly and tumor formation  

SciTech Connect

Cell death after exposure to low-level radiation is often considered evidence that radiation is poisonous, however small the dose. Evidence has been accumulating to support the notion that cell death after low-level exposure to radiation results from activation of suicidal genes {open_quote}programmed cell death{close_quote} or {open_quote}apoptosis{close_quote} - for the health of the whole body. This paper gives experimental evidence that embryos of fruit flies and mouse fetuses have potent defense mechanisms against teratogenic or tumorigenic injury caused by radiation and carcinogens, which function through programmed cell death.

Kondo, Sohei [Kinki Univ., Higashi-Osaka (Japan); Norimura, Toshiyuki [Univ. of Occupational & Environmental Health, Kitakyusyu (Japan); Nomura, Taisei [Osaka Univ., Osaka (Japan)

1995-12-31

432

Readiness assessment plan for the Radioactive Mixed Waste Land Disposal Facility (Trench 31)  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the Readiness Assessment Plan (RAP) for the Project W-025 (Radioactive Mixed Waste Land Disposal Facility) Readiness Assessment (RA). The RAP documents prerequisites to be met by the operating organization prior to the RA. The RAP is to be implemented by the RA Team identified in the RAP. The RA Team is to verify the facility`s compliance with criteria identified in the RAP. The criteria are based upon the {open_quotes}Core Requirements{close_quotes} listed in DOE Order 5480.31, {open_quotes}Startup and Restart of Nuclear Facilities{close_quotes}.

Irons, L.G.

1994-11-22

433

Mixed constraint satisfaction: A framework for decision problems under incomplete knowledge  

SciTech Connect

Constraint satisfaction is a powerful tool for representing and solving decision problems with complete knowledge about the world. We extend the CSP framework so as to represent decision problems under incomplete knowledge. The basis of the extension consists in a distinction between controllable and uncontrollable variables - hence the terminology {open_quotes}mixed CSP{close_quotes} - and a {open_quotes}solution{close_quotes} gives actually a conditional decision. We study the complexity of deciding the consistency of a mixed CSP. As the problem is generally intractable, we propose an algorithm for finding an approximate solution.

Fargier, H.; Lang, J. [IRIT, Toulouse (France); Schiex, T. [INRA, Castanet (France)

1996-12-31

434

Studies in combustion dynamics  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program is to develop a fundamental understanding and a quantitative predictive capability in combustion modeling. A large part of the understanding of the chemistry of combustion processes comes from {open_quotes}chemical kinetic modeling.{close_quotes} However, successful modeling is not an isolated activity. It necessarily involves the integration of methods and results from several diverse disciplines and activities including theoretical chemistry, elementary reaction kinetics, fluid mechanics and computational science. Recently the authors have developed and utilized new tools for parallel processing to implement the first numerical model of a turbulent diffusion flame including a {open_quotes}full{close_quotes} chemical mechanism.

Koszykowski, M.L. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA (United States)

1993-12-01

435

Modeling and design of space charge lenses/aberration correctors for focused ion beam systems  

SciTech Connect

Spherical and chromatic aberrations of electrostatic lenses with negative space charge in axial area are studied. A {open_quote}{open_quote}toroidal subbeam{close_quote}{close_quote} algorithm has been developed to model the evolution of the current and charge density distributions of intense charged particle beams taking into account space charge and initial thermal velocity effects. Optimized designs are presented which prove that negative spherical and chromatic aberration coefficients can be achieved for a space charge lens using an electron gun to produce the space charge cloud. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Vacuum Society}

Tang, T. [Xian Jiaotong University, Xian, Peoples Republic of (China)] [Xian Jiaotong University, Xian, Peoples Republic of (China); Orloff, J.; Wang, L. [Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)] [Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland at College Park, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

1996-01-01

436

Helical-D pinch  

SciTech Connect

A stabilized pinch configuration is described, consisting of a D-shaped plasma cross section wrapped tightly around a guiding axis. The {open_quotes}helical-D{close_quotes} geometry produces a very large axial (toroidal) transform of magnetic line direction that reverses the pitch of the magnetic lines without the need of azimuthal (poloidal) plasma current. Thus, there is no need of a {open_quotes}dynamo{close_quotes} process and its associated fluctuations. The resulting configuration has the high magnetic shear and pitch reversal of the reversed field pinch (RFP). (Pitch = P = qR, where R = major radius). A helical-D pinch might demonstrate good confinement at q << 1.

Schaffer, M.J.

1997-08-01

437

Wholesale bakeries: A small-business guide. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Commercial baking is thought to be one of the world`s oldest industries, with evidence of commercial bakeries dating back to the Egyptians. In the late 19th century, technological innovations such as the development of {open_quotes}tame{close_quotes} yeast and the mechanization of bread kneading enabled mass production of baked goods. As a result, larger {open_quotes}wholesale{close_quotes} baking facilities began to replace smaller local bakeries. Today, there are over 3000 wholesale bakeries across the United States. This report is intended to provide information on the bakery business from the perspective of processes, issues, and challenges faced, including energy consumption of electrically driven equipment.

NONE

1996-09-01

438

Effect of enhanced UV-B radiation on pollen quantity, quality, and seed yield in Brassica rapa (Brassicaceae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three experiments examined the influence of ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B; 280-320 nm) exposure on reproduction in Brassica rapa (Brassicacaeae). Plants were grown in a greenhouse under three biologically effective UV-B levels that stimulated either an ambient stratospheric ozone level (control), 16% ({open_quotes}low enhanced{close_quotes}), or 32% ({open_quotes}high enhanced{close_quotes}) ozone depletion levels at Morgantown, WV, USA in mid-March. In the first experiment,pollen production

Sophie M. Demchik; Thomas A. Day

1996-01-01

439

Technological Specialization and the Composition of Export flows - An analysis of Swedish Regions' Trade with Europe Paper for the DIME workshop on Dynamics of Knowledge Accumulation, Competitiveness, Regional Cohesion and Economic Policies, 2 - 4 February 2006, WIIW, Vienna Preliminary results - please do not quote  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper examines regional technological specialization and its effect on trade flows. Two related but distinct questions are analyzed in the paper: (i) the relationship between the technological specialization of a region and the export specialization the region and (ii) the relationship between the technological specialization between origin and destination and the export flows between them. We find that

Martin Andersson; Olof Ejermo

440

2012/2013 Computation Quota Share (QS) and Processor Quote Share (PQS) Pools A computation quota pool for a fishery is the sum of all quota units issued for that fishery that is used for IFQ/IPQ computations. To determine the  

E-print Network

Sea Tanner crab (C. bairdi) * * * * PIK - Pribilof Islands red/blue king crab * * * * SMB - St * * PIK - Pribilof Islands red/blue king crab South Region * * SMB - St. Matthew blue king crab North Region 23,003,134 23.4249 SMB - St. Matthew blue king crab South Region 6,496,083 21.7823 EAG - Eastern

441

2011/2012 Computation Quota Share (QS) and Processor Quote Share (PQS) Pools A computation quota pool for a fishery is the sum of all quota units issued for that fishery that is used for IFQ/IPQ computations. To determine the  

E-print Network

Sea Tanner crab (C. bairdi) * * * * PIK - Pribilof Islands red/blue king crab * * * * SMB - St * * PIK - Pribilof Islands red/blue king crab South Region * * SMB - St. Matthew blue king crab North Region 23,370,240 16.4396 SMB - St. Matthew blue king crab South Region 6,102,620 14.1172 EAG - Eastern

442

2013/2014 Computation Quota Share (QS) and Processor Quote Share (PQS) Pools A computation quota pool for a fishery is the sum of all quota units issued for that fishery that is used for IFQ/IPQ computations. To determine the  

E-print Network

.2583 PIK - Pribilof Islands red/blue king crab * * * * SMB - St. Matthew blue king crab * * * * EAG/blue king crab South Region * * SMB - St. Matthew blue king crab North Region * * SMB - St. Matthew blue

443

Captions: (front, left) E G speaks to garment workers about birth control, 20 May 1916, courtesy of IISH,Amsterdam, also in,Vol.3. (front, right) Occupy Wall Street, at Liberty Plaza, Oct 2011, photo by pfarnac1, Flickr. Quote (front): Emma Goldman,"The P  

E-print Network

from year in prison for speech to demonstration of the unemployed, in "Hailed Emma Goldman" in The NewEmmaGoldmanPapers'volumes"occupy"bookshelvesandlibrariesnearyou! Our only consistent source of support now comes from private donors. This lovely card was underwritten Press. Vol. 1 Made for America 1890-1901. Vol. 2 Making Speech Free 1902-1909. Updated paperbacks were

California at Berkeley, University of

444

First catch your hareA phrase commonly quoted from the literature of cooking, meaning that before one prepares a dish, one must have the raw materials. It is also a lesson in reading the literature carefully: it does not actually occur in the text to which it is most commonly attributed [134].: the design and synthesis of frustrated magnets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major constraint on experimental studies of geometrically frustrated magnets (GFMs) is the availability of suitable samples that provide tangible models to inspire or test theory. Most model GFMs studied to date have been ionic compounds, for which simple models of sphere packing predict an abundance of frustrated motifs—triangular plaquettes within close-packed layers, and nets of tetrahedra in three dimensions.

Andrew Harrison

2004-01-01

445

78 FR 29801 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...term ``order'' with the term ``quote/order'' where appropriate in the...delineate sections for fees applicable to quotes/orders in securities listed on NASDAQ...solicited or received. III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and...

2013-05-21

446

Uncovering the Math Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers often express to Marulyn Burns their worry about the need to "cover the curriculum." In response, she draws on one of her favorite quotes: "You don't want to cover a subject; you want to uncover it." This quote is from "The Having of Wonderful Ideas and Other Essays on Teaching and Learning" by Eleanor…

Burns, Marilyn

2014-01-01

447

Shooting down the ABM Treaty  

SciTech Connect

The Clinton administration is on a path to undermine the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty by proposing {open_quotes}clarifications{close_quotes} to the treaty that would permit the deployment of an extensive, highly capable anti-theater ballistic missile (ATBM) defense system.

Mendelsohn, J.; Rhinelander, J.B.

1994-09-01

448

Simulating nearshore processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer procedures are presented that simulate sediment transport in coastal environments. More specifically, these procedures simulate erosion, transport, and deposition by waves. A principal objective is to show how nearshore processes can be described mathematically and translated into computer procedures for simulating the formation of sedimentary deposits. The computer procedures, incorporated into a FORTRAN 77 program called [open quotes]WAVE,[close quotes

1992-01-01

449

A quantitative method for measuring the quality of history matches  

SciTech Connect

History matching can be an efficient tool for reservoir characterization. A {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} history matching job can generate reliable reservoir parameters. However, reservoir engineers are often frustrated when they try to select a {open_quotes}better{close_quotes} match from a series of history matching runs. Without a quantitative measurement, it is always difficult to tell the difference between a {open_quotes}good{close_quotes} and a {open_quotes}better{close_quotes} matches. For this reason, we need a quantitative method for testing the quality of matches. This paper presents a method for such a purpose. The method uses three statistical indices to (1) test shape conformity, (2) examine bias errors, and (3) measure magnitude of deviation. The shape conformity test insures that the shape of a simulated curve matches that of a historical curve. Examining bias errors assures that model reservoir parameters have been calibrated to that of a real reservoir. Measuring the magnitude of deviation assures that the difference between the model and the real reservoir parameters is minimized. The method was first tested on a hypothetical model and then applied to published field studies. The results showed that the method can efficiently measure the quality of matches. It also showed that the method can serve as a diagnostic tool for calibrating reservoir parameters during history matching.

Shaw, T.S. [Kerr-McGee Corp., Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Knapp, R.M. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)

1997-08-01

450

75 FR 4605 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Parameters for, and Guidance on the Application of, the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy January 22, 2010. Pursuant to Section 19(b...parameters for, and guidance on the application of, the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy (the ``Policy''). The text of the...

2010-01-28

451

75 FR 4602 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Amex LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Parameters for, and Guidance on the Application of, the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy January 22, 2010. Pursuant to Section 19(b...parameters for, and guidance on the application of, the Exchange's Gap Quote Policy (the ``Policy''). The text of the...

2010-01-28

452

The analysis of normative requirements to materials of PWR components, basing on LBB concepts  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the advisability of the correction of Norms to solve in terms of material science the Problem: how the normative requirements to materials must be changed in terms of the concept {open_quotes}leak before break{close_quotes} (LBB).

Anikovsky, V.V.; Karzov, G.P.; Timofeev, B.T. [CRISM Prometey, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

1997-04-01

453

Institutional and technical integration  

SciTech Connect

This summary outlines the Nye County Nuclear Waste Oversight group approach to public relations regarding the Yucca Mountain Project. The ultimate aim of this group is to assure the public that the Yucca Mountain project is {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes}. Efforts to achieve institutional and technical integration are summarized.

Sims, S.H. [Nye County Nuclear Waste Repository Project Office, Pahrump, NV (United States)

1995-12-01

454

PRAL/DISTRACT: A platform for distributed active objects applications  

SciTech Connect

The object-oriented approach is now widely used in the world of sequential programming and is very promising for concurrent programming. Object-oriented models generally provide concurrency by allowing asynchronous message passing. Each object can be seen as an autonomous entity, called {open_quotes}active object{close_quotes}, with its own computing resources. The purpose of this paper is to describe a language, PRAL, based on the notion of active object, and its implementation. PRAL is a compiled language whose target code is a C++ extension, called {open_quotes}DISTRACT{close_quotes}. It permits the distribution of active objects on several logical sites, which can be on different workstations, by using the notion of execution kernel, that is the computing resource giving autonomy to the active objects. Several execution kernels can be chosen among SUN`s {open_quotes}lightweight process{close_quotes}, Solaris {open_quotes}threads{close_quotes}, Motif or XView notifier. All these capabilities make PRAL/DISTRACT very efficient and interesting when developing distributed object oriented applications.

Roux, P.; Fouquier, G.; Bras, D. [LETI, Gif sur Yvette (France)] [and others

1995-12-31

455

Ward Valley and the Federal Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his State of the Union Address delivered on 23 January 1996, President Clinton said, speaking generally, {open_quotes}Passing a law - even the best possible law - is only a first step. The next step is to make it work.{close_quotes} The president is right, of course; faithful execution of any law is the key. Unfortunately, this lesson appears lost on

Pasternak

1996-01-01

456

Random oracles are practical: a paradigm for designing efficient protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that the random oracle model ---where all parties have access to a public randomoracle--- provides a bridge between cryptographic theory and cryptographic practice. In theparadigm we suggest, a practical protocol P is produced by first devising and proving correct aprotocol PRfor the random oracle model, and then replacing oracle accesses by the computationof an &quot;appropriately chosen&quot; function h.

Mihir Bellare; Phillip Rogaway

1993-01-01

457

78 FR 77186 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...units shall have the ability to employ algorithms for quoting and trading consistent with...DMM units at the Exchange all use algorithms to engage in quoting and trading activity...technological change to enable DMM units to use algorithms to close a security as well,...

2013-12-20

458

78 FR 77183 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE MKT LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...units shall have the ability to employ algorithms for quoting and trading consistent with...DMM units at the Exchange all use algorithms to engage in quoting and trading activity...technological change to enable DMM units to use algorithms to close a security as well,...

2013-12-20

459

Final report for LDRD project learning efficient hypermedia navigation  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the work performed under the Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) grant {open_quotes}Learning Efficient Hypermedia Navigation.{close_quotes} The bulk of the work is contained in the software developed for the WWW and a copy of the software demonstrating its use has been submitted to the LDRD office.

Chen, Pang; Laguna, G.

1997-08-01

460

Comparison of several Russian populations by vital statistics and frequency of genes causing hereditary pathology  

SciTech Connect

Distances computed from vital statistics using the Euclid formula and thus termed {open_quotes}vital{close_quotes} are proposed for use in population studies. An example of use of these statistics for comparison of four large geographically separated Russian populations is given. 9 refs., 1 tab.

El`chinova, G.I.; Mamedova, R.A.; Brusintseva, O.V.; Ginter, E.K. [Medical-Genetic Research Center, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1994-11-01

461

Flexible ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus  

DOEpatents

Pipe crawlers, pipe inspection {open_quotes}rabbits{close_quotes} and similar vehicles are widely used for inspecting the interior surfaces of piping systems, storage tanks and process vessels for damaged or flawed structural features. This paper describes the design of a flexible, modular ultrasonic pipe inspection apparatus.

Jenkins, C.F.; Howard, B.D.

1994-01-01

462

Measuring the value of customer retention  

SciTech Connect

Competition will require changes in how market research is conducted and how customers are pursued. The question remains: How does one approach customer retention in a way that provides meaningful guidelines? The conventional wisdom is that {open_quotes}the business of business is selling.{close_quotes} There is some truth to this, but the key question today is: What bearing does this have on how to run a business in a competitive environment? A recent article in the Harvard Business Review noted that, {open_quotes}Increasingly, companies are less focused on selling products and more interested in keeping customers.{close_quotes} Indeed, some observers have posited a natural societal evolutionary trend toward a shift of emphasis toward customer retention vis-a-vis customer acquisition, as a consequence of the primary marketing communication technology shifting from {open_quotes}broadcast{close_quotes} (where messages are sent out to inchoate masses) to {open_quotes}interactive{close_quotes} (where relationships are cultivated with precisely defined market niches or individual customers). The business of growing a business, then, can be framed as a matter of getting customers and keeping them so as to grow the value of the customer base to its fullest potential. In these terms, setting a marketing budget becomes the task of balancing what is spent on customer acquisition with what is spent on retention.

Monts, K.; Bonevac, B.; Lauer, J.; Tessema, D.

1997-05-01

463

78 FR 55312 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NYSE Arca, Inc.; Notice of Filing of a Proposed Rule Change...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...following annual review), they will trade in nickel and dime increments effective after three...that series in an issue will convert to nickel and dime quoting. Lastly, the Program...the annual review) will not convert to nickel and dime increment quoting until...

2013-09-10

464

Clash in values over wilderness and oil in Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate over whether or not to open Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) to oil development is [open quotes]a battle between economic and wilderness values,[close quotes] contends Todd Miner, assistant professor and coordinator of Alaska Wilderness Studies at the University of Alaska in Anchorage. Established in northwest Alaska in 1960 to protect an undisturbed tract of arctic environment, ANWR

Miner

2009-01-01

465

Do utility DSM programs increase risk  

SciTech Connect

What is the effect on uncertainty of utility resource portfolios that are [open quotes]supply-only[close quotes] vs. those that include demand-side management as well The evidence from this analysis shows that inclusion of DSM programs among utility resources diversifies the portfolio beneficially, reducing both revenue requirements and risk.

Hirst, E. (Oak Ridge at the Land and Water Fund, Boulder, CO (United States))

1993-05-01

466

Innovative rates: Using market forces to become more competitive and achieve DSM goals  

SciTech Connect

Electric and gas utilities are perhaps the last remaining industries to describe their charges to customers as {open_quotes}rates{close_quotes} rather than {open_quotes}prices.{close_quotes} Tellingly, their customers are more often known as {open_quotes}ratepayers.{close_quotes} As competition becomes a reality, the successful utilities will be those companies who change quickly, not just to respond to their customers` needs, but also to take advantage of market economics. For this is becoming a brave new world where profits will be determined by efficiency and service rather than regulatory fiat. Innovative rates - {open_quotes}creative pricing{close_quotes} in most industries - have tremendous power to help utilities become more competitive by improving efficiency. Successful utilities will use these rates to sell more kilowatthours per kilowatt of generating capacity, spend less on fuel per kilowatthour generated, even reduce employee costs per customer. Studies of time-of-use, interruptible, curtailable, and real-time utility prices have shown consistent and reliable benefits, resting on a foundation of market economics going back to the 18th century. This paper reviews a few of those studies, focusing on the simplest type of innovative rate - time-of-use - with the greatest potential impact. It also reviews how market forces, and the resulting effect on pricing, led to an efficiency increase of 30% for U.S. airlines in only a decade. Similarly dramatic effects can be expected for gas and electric utilities.

Slaboszewicz, C.

1994-12-31

467

Minimizing non-participant DSM rate impacts-without harming program participation  

SciTech Connect

Traditional DSM program designs generally reward participants by providing bill savings over time. But this approach can be wasteful, since most utility customers have high implicit discount rates. Everyone could be better off if participants' primary reward was an up-front [open quotes]bonus payment.[close quote

Blank, E.

1993-05-01

468

38 CFR 36.4313 - Charges and fees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...must be the closing quote for the business day prior to the date of the...closing quote for any day 1 to 4 business days prior to loan closing...to the collection agent at the opening of business the next banking day....

2010-07-01

469

Haven't we been here before  

SciTech Connect

With news of new nonproliferation initiatives from US President Bill Clinton coinciding with the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency, held in Vienna September 27 to October 1, delegates listened with interest to the US statement by Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary to see if we were in for a rerun of the Carter era. As it happened, O'Leary - who had one unfortunate verbal slip with the [open quotes]Domestic,[close quotes] as opposed to Democratic, Peoples' Republic of Korea - did just manage to qualify all references to halting production of plutonium and highly enriched uranium with the words [open quotes]...for weapons purposes.[close quotes] Thus, the concerns in Europe and Japan that President Clinton might be about to enter into the current heated debate on reprocessing and recycle of plutonium from commercial power stations was partially allayed. There seems little doubt, however, that opposition groups in Europe will seize upon references to the difficulties of dealing with [open quotes]...unprecedented stocks of weapons grade nuclear materials,[close quotes] and plutonium in particular, for which, O'Leary said, [open quotes]...fully acceptable disposition technologies are not yet operational...[close quotes

Not Available

1993-11-01

470

Subscribe Log In U.S. EDITION Thursday, January 24, 2013 As of 8:41 AM EST  

E-print Network

Subscribe Log In U.S. EDITION Thursday, January 24, 2013 As of 8:41 AM EST Video Stock Quotes/NBC News Poll Journal Reports Columns & Blogs Ryan Smith: The Reality That Awaits Women in Combat 1 of 12's Gautam Naik reports. Email Print News, Quotes, Companies, Videos SEARCH #12;1. Opinion: Ryan Smith

Strickland, Stevie

471

Adding value with well-planned O&M  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydroelectric power producers benefit when downtime is limited and the use of available water is maximized. Cost-effective operations, maintenance, and plant upgrading can help battle {open_quotes}Murphy`s Law{close_quotes} and add substantially to a hydro plant`s bottom line.

1994-01-01

472

76 FR 72011 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Change Related to the Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism November 14, 2011. Pursuant to Section...adopt Rule 8.12 Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism. The text of the proposed rule change...to specify two parameters that the QRM Mechanism would use to determine [[Page...

2011-11-21

473

76 FR 72991 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Related to a Temporary Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism Rule November 21, 2011. Pursuant to...Rule 8.12A Pilot Quote Risk Monitor Mechanism. The text of the proposed rule change...to specify two parameters that the QRM Mechanism would use to determine when that...

2011-11-28

474

The scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program: Profile of the population in need  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a national evaluation of its Weatherization Assistance Program, an energy efficiency program that provides financial assistance to qualifying low-income households for the {open_quotes}weatherization{close_quotes} of their housing units. The evaluation, being conducted for the Department by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is comprised of five studies. One of the five is a two-part analysis of the scope of the Weatherization Assistance Program and other resources devoted to low-income energy efficiency, including the number of dwellings weatherized to date and the population remaining to be served. This study is referred to here as the {open_quotes}Scope{close_quotes} study. This report presents the results of the second part of the {open_quotes}Scope{close_quotes} study, which investigates the characteristics of the population eligible for and in need of the DOE Weatherization Assistance Program - The Profile of the Population in Need. The {open_quotes}Profile{close_quotes} study is an attempt to use the Energy Information Administration`s Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 1990 to define the weatherization-related characteristics of the low-income population. The RECS, a national survey with a sample size of 5,095 households, is the most reliable source for information regarding residential energy-use and housing characteristics because data is collected from fuel vendors on actual household energy bills and consumption for a large and representative sample of households.

Eisenberg, J.F.; Michels, E.; Carroll, D.; Berdux, N.

1994-03-01

475

Environmental reporting: Different things for different people: Measurement, consistency, documentation key  

SciTech Connect

With the number of companies that publish environmental reports increasing rapidly, data collection techniques are likely to improve significantly. Few chemical industry waste streams are measured directly or are continuously monitored, and the bulk of figures are calculated, and the bulk of figures are calculated from mass balances and design estimates. ICI`s group environmental adviser, Mike Wright, says the company is reviewing how its data is obtained. But, he says, it is a difficult exercise as the waste streams are so diverse-even being precise with figures is impossible. Nevertheless, he adds, the company`s plants are making their best efforts and are steadily improving. {open_quotes}We encourage the trend for more direct measurement{close_quotes}. {open_quotes}Measurement, consistency, and documentation are more important than accuracy,{close_quotes} says Mike LaGraff BP Chemicals general manager/health, safety, and environment. He adds that initially the aim is to gain a {open_quotes}feel for where you are.{close_quotes} As a general rule, the company errs on the side of caution, taking higher figures. {open_quotes}It`s easier to explain overestimates,{close_quotes} LaGraff says.

Chynoweth, E.

1994-07-06

476

Case studies on developing local industry by using hot spring water and geothermal energy  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the new ways to develop local industries by using hot spring water, geothermal water and geothermal energy from the Matsukawa Geothermal Power Plant in Iwate Prefecture, which is the first geothermal power plant established in Japan. The new dyeing technique, called {open_quotes}Geothermal Dyeing{close_quotes} was invented in which hydrogen sulfide in the water exhibited decoloration effect. By this technique we succeeded to make beautiful color patterns on fabrics. We also invented the new way to make the light wight wood, called {open_quotes}Geo-thermal Wood{close_quotes} by using hot spring water or geothermal water. Since polysaccharides in the wood material were hydrolyzed and taken out during the treatment in the hot spring water, the wood that became lighter is weight and more porous state. On the bases of these results, we have produced {open_quotes}Wooded Soap{close_quotes} on a commercial scale which is the soap, synthesized in the pore of the treated wood in round slice. {open_quotes}Collapsible Wood Cabin{close_quotes} was also produced for enjoyable outdoor life by using the modified properties of Geothermal Wood.

Sasaki, Akira [Iwate Industrial Research Institute (Japan); Umetsu, Yoshio; Narita, Eiichi [Iwate Univ., Ueda (Japan)

1997-12-31

477

Implementation of ISO guide 25 in a medical dosimetry secondary standards calibration laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Currently, there is a great deal of discussion among industry and government agencies about ISO 9000 accreditation. U.S. manufacturers with ISO 9000 accreditation are regarded more favorably by European countries. The principles behind the ISO 9000 accreditation are based on the Total Quality Management (TQM) principles that are being implemented in many U.S. industries. This paper will deal only with the calibration issue. There is a difference in the areas covered by ISO 9000 and ISO Guide 25 documents. ISO 9000, in particular ISO 9001 - ISO 9003, cover the {open_quotes}calibration{close_quotes} of inspection, measuring and test equipment. This equipment is basically used for {open_quotes}factory calibrations{close_quotes} to determine that equipment is performing within manufacturer specifications. ISO Guide 25 is specifically for {open_quotes}calibration and testing laboratories,{close_quotes} generally laboratories that have painstaking procedures to reduce uncertainties and establish high accuracy of the transfer of calibration. The experience of the University of Wisconsin Accredited Dosimetry Calibration Laboratory in conforming to ISO Guide 25 will be outlined. The entire laboratory staff must become familiar with the process and an individual with direct authority must become the one to maintain the quality of equipment and calibrations in the role of {open_quotes}quality-assurance manager.{close_quotes}

DeWerd, L.A.

1995-12-31

478

Introduction to efficient lighting for retail environments  

SciTech Connect

Before establishing a framework for the discussion of efficient lighting in retail environments, one may first ask, {open_quotes}Why is it is necessary to conserve energy?{close_quotes} The reasons for doing so are personal, social, and environmental. Think of Earth`s natural resources beyond this generation`s uses, but also the needs of posterity. In the words of Iroquois tribal leader Audrey Shenandoah, {open_quotes}In our tradition, we`re responsible for seven generations. Our leadership must not make decisions that will bring pain, harm, or suffering to our children.{close_quotes} Compare the effort of taking care of this planet to the effort involved in caring for one`s home: it is just {open_quotes}good housekeeping.{close_quotes} There is nothing inherently sacred, spiritual, or religious about this effort. It simply must be done, for there is no other planet; no other {open_quotes}house{close_quotes} to go to once this planet is befouled. Having established the framework and the need for utilizing energy-efficient methods in retail lighting, how can it be accomplished. Retail lighting serves to: attract the customer`s attention; initiate the sale; and complete the sale. The author goes on to discuss the impact of lighting on the customer, typical illuminances used in different sales areas, general lighting patterns, and finally recommends that lighting designers be observant. Study settings which `work`, both for layout, and equipment used, and consider energy efficient appliances.

Kruger, M.

1996-01-01

479

S. 3168: A Bill to amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to improve control of acid mine drainage, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, August 11, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This Act may be cited as the [open quotes]Acid Mine Drainage Abatement Act of 192[close quotes]. The purpose of this bill is to amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to improve control of acid mine drainage, and for other purposes. The proposed amendments are listed.

Not Available

1992-01-01

480

Europe's leaky borders  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews how Europe's erratic export policies have lead to critical technology and material slipping across national borders. Implications of these [open quotes]leaks[close quotes] for proliferation outside of Europe are addressed. Past acquisitions by foreign countries of Western European nuclear material is reviewed. Plans for improvements in security and nonproliferation are discussed.

Mueller, H. (Peace Research Inst., Frankfurt (Germany))

1993-06-01

481

Bugs from Hell  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA Astrobiology Institute article provides information about life found approximately 2 miles beneath the Earth's surface. These rock-dwelling &quot;endoliths&quot; are thought to feed on gases escaping through fractures in deep rock. The article features color photographs as well as hyperlinks to related sites.

Friedman, Roberta; Institute, Nasa A.

482

A Framework for Automatic Composition of RFQ Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of Web service formats over the Internet is increasing. These services should often be composed to achieve a user request. We propose in this paper a framework to cope with web service composition, from discovery to optimization. This framework, called SPOC, is composed of four successive phases: discovery, planning, quote execution and optimization. Only RFQ (Request for Quote)

Daniela Barreiro Claro; Patrick Albers; Jin-kao Hao

2007-01-01

483

On-line characterization of peroxidation intermediates of NAD{sup +} by CE-ESI-MS  

SciTech Connect

Equine liver alcohol dehydrogenase (LADH) is one of the NAD-dependent enzymes with various physiological functions. LADH also exhibits several alternative catalytic activities. Among them, the most unusual one is the LADH-catalyzed degradation of NAD+ in the presence of hydrogen peroxide. A two-step reaction mechanism has been proposed for this enzymatic peroxidation. In the first (fast) step, NAD+ catalyzed by LADH is converted to a (so far) unidentified intermediate: {open_quotes}compound I{close_quotes}. The following slower step is enzyme independent and consists of at least two distinct processes; one of them leads to another unknown substance: {open_quotes}compound Y{close_quotes} which is the product of further reaction of {open_quotes}compound I{close_quotes} with excess H{sub 2}O{sub 2}; another process converts {open_quotes}compound I{close_quotes} to adenosine(5{prime})- diphospho(5)-{Beta}-D-ribose-NHCH=C(CHO)CONH{sub 2} (NADX) if catalase is added to destroy excess H{sub 2}O{sub 2} soon after the end of the faster enzymatic step. One of the advantages of capillary electrophoresis (CE) is its fast operation cycle, which could be utilized to monitor relatively slow reaction processes. Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) has the capability of high resolution separations coupled with highly sensitive and selective detection providing crucial molecular weight and structural information.

Zhao, Zhongxi; Udseth, H.R.; Smith, R.D. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1995-12-31

484

Introduction to Scientific Computing  

E-print Network

on the Hubble Space Telescope. REDHATPAINT SHOP PRO 8 WALT DISNEY Anaconda, the Redhat Linux installer program quotes >>> s = "hello world" >>> print s hello world # single quotes also work >>> s = `hello world' >>> print s hello world >>> s = "12345" >>> len(s) 5 CREATING STRINGS # concatenating two strings >>> "hello

Haule, Kristjan

485

Global corresponding states representation of the interfacial tension and capillary constant for the binary mixtures argon + krypton, methane + krypton, and krypton + ethane  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corresponding states theories for surface tension and capillary constant have been evaluated using constant liquid mole fraction and constant [open quotes]fugacity fraction[close quotes] reference fluids for three binary systems. Experimental vapor-liquid equilibria, capillary constant, and surface tension data for argon + krypton, methane + krypton, and krypton + ethane systems were measured from 125 K to the critical line. These

Cynthia D. Holcomb; John A. Zollweg

1993-01-01

486

Improved recovery from Gulf of Mexico reservoirs. Volume I (of 4): Task 1, conduct research on mud-rich submarine fans. Final report, February 14, 1995--October 13, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The objective for this portion of the research involved conducting field studies and laboratory investigations to develop and refine models for mud-rich submarine fan architectures used by seismic analysis and reservoir engineers. These research aspects have been presented in two papers as follows: (1) Bouma, A.H., {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes}; (2) Kirkova, J.T. and Lorenzo, J.M., {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fans Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} The {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes} by Arnold Bouma discusses research targeted toward stimulating an increase in oil and gas recovery by developing new and improved geological understanding. The {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fan Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} by J.T. Kirkova and J.M. Lorenso discusses the limitations of verticle resolution and how this affects the interpretation and characterization of submarine fan complexes.

Kimbrell, W.C.; Bassiouni, Z.A.; Bourgoyne, A.T.

1997-01-13

487

Tertiary tectonic in the Tehuantepec Isthmus, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

A microplate model in the basement was proposed according to photointerpretation of satellite imagery and supported with microtectonic studies in the Tehuantepec's Isthmus. The microplate is located in the northwestern part of the [open quotes]Sierra de Chiapas,[close quotes] and structurally has lineaments that correspond with sinestral wrench faults oriented northeast-southwest and dextral faults oriented northwest-southeast. In the front of the microplate, these faults are joined in an arc form. The microplate began its movement forward to the north in the middle Tertiary. This movement originated in a regional compressional stress that was younger to the north. The stress changed the orientation of the anticline axis from northwest-southeast to west-east. In its western limit, the stress produces a sinestral shear stress that built a rotational deformation in the [open quotes]Sierra Atravesada,[close quotes] and represents a superimposed tectonic block over an ancient (laramide) orogeny. This system has also produced other secondary transtensional effects oriented northwest-southeast, represented along the [open quotes]Depression Central del Istmo.[close quotes] The microplate has formed a tensional system opening the [open quotes]Superior, Inferior, and Mar Muerto[close quotes] lagoons. The microplate is strongly related with the relief, seismic activity, and the tectonics of the salt of the Tehuantepec's Isthmus.

Lopez, F.A.

1993-02-01

488

Special problems of getting good news published in the news media  

SciTech Connect

Those of us who work in the nuclear industry face a special set of problems in getting our good news out to the public. Our biggest problem is the general public has a negative emotional reaction to the term [open quotes]nuclear.[close quotes] I conduct tours at Wolf Creek generating station near Burlington, Kansas, in America's heartland. When visitors come to our plant, many of them are concerned with their own personal safety. They want to know how much radiation exposure they are receiving and tell me about friends who were supposed to accompany them on their tour but who were so concerned about their safety that they opted to stay at home. Once these people have completed their tour, their minds are eased. It is at that point that I ask them to do a simple word association test on themselves. I have them think of the word nuclear, then tell me the next word that comes to their minds. Generally, they will say words such as [open quotes]bomb,[close quotes] [open quotes]explosion,[close quotes] [open quotes]radiation,[close quotes] and so forth. What is the best way to speak to people's fears about nuclear issues One of the most effective, efficient ways is by asking the media to help spread the good word.

Grimsley, M. (Wolf Creek Nuclear Station, Burlington, KS (United States))

1993-01-01

489

Pricing Games among Interconnected Microgrids Gaurav S. Kasbekar and Saswati Sarkar  

E-print Network

1 Pricing Games among Interconnected Microgrids Gaurav S. Kasbekar and Saswati Sarkar Abstract in an electricity market, in which each microgrid with excess power quotes a price for it and the microgrids with deficit power buy power from the microgrids who quote the lowest prices. This results in price competition

Sarkar, Saswati

490

78 FR 24280 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1014 To Establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations April 19, 2013. I. Introduction...1014 to establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations. The proposed rule change...RSQTs would treat the on and off-floor traders equally; (2) RSQTs are no longer...

2013-04-24

491

Groups concerned about Congress and criticism  

SciTech Connect

Environmental groups are concerned about the impact a Republican-dominated Congress will have on their activities. The Republican agenda would {open_quotes}severely undercut public health and environmental protection, {close_quotes} says the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC; Washington).

Lucas, A.

1994-12-07

492

78 FR 65396 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX BX Inc.; Order Disapproving Proposed Rule Change To...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...not be fully rewarded for providing an aggressive quote and thus the incentives to improve...makers whose quotes are not the most aggressive, the BX proposal will encourage market...particular price, all orders at more aggressive prices will first have to be...

2013-10-31

493

77 FR 2108 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...is a program intended to incentivize aggressive quoting on BATS Options; (v) modify...intended to incentivize sustained, aggressive quoting on BATS Options; and (vi...An order that is entered at the most aggressive price both on the BATS Options...

2012-01-13

494

Energy efficiency means no regrets  

SciTech Connect

Should we wait and see how hot it`s going to get, or should we act not to prevent global warming caused by greenhouse gases? Marit P. Assenza, a management consultant in Oslo, Norway, says many economists support a {open_quotes}no regrets{close_quotes} policy that, in the absence of certainty about the future, allows for economic savings while curbing emissions at the same time. Many countries, including Norway, {open_quotes}have already committed themselves to investing in such preventative policies,{close_quotes} Assenza says. In the early 1990s, Norway {open_quotes}launched a program aimed at giving private companies incentives to make investments in energy efficiency,{close_quotes} Assenza notes. Bakeries, for example, used fund provided by the program to apply a technology already in use in metal-processing: heat from the ovens was rerouted to help heat the rest of the plant, resulting in significant energy savings. To encourage company executives to adapt to change, {open_quotes}public policies aimed at dismantling barriers, increasing information flows, and enhancing the diffusion of new innovations make sense,{close_quotes} Assenza says.

Assenza, M.P.

1996-12-31

495

Density-functional studies of the electronic structure of the perovskite oxides: La{sub 1{minus}}{sub {ital x}}Ca{sub {ital x}}MnO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect

Using density-functional methods, we study the electronic structures of the lanthanum-based {open_quote}{open_quote}double-exchange{close_quote}{close_quote} perovskite magnets. Antiferromagnetic insulating solutions are obtained for both the end members, LaMnO{sub 3} and CaMnO{sub 3}, within the local density approximation (LDA), with the Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion of the oxygen octrahedron taken into account. The JT distortion splits off the Mn(3{ital d}){ital e}{sub {ital g}} bands producing an energy gap within the LDA, with the bands derived from the ({ital z}{sup 2}{minus}1) orbital, pointed along the long basal-plane Mn{emdash}O bond, occupied and the ({ital x}{sup 2}{minus}{ital y}{sup 2}) bands empty. The on-site Coulomb repulsion and the intra-site exchange terms are found to be, respectively, {ital U}{approx_equal}8{endash}10 eV and {ital J}{approx_equal}0.9 eV, from the {open_quote}{open_quote}constrained{close_quote}{close_quote} density-functional theory. The large value of {ital U} as compared to the bandwidth indicates that the manganese perovskite oxides are strongly correlated systems. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Satpathy, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States); Popovic, Z.S.; Vukajlovic, F.R. [Laboratory for Theoretical Physics, Institute of Nuclear SciencesVinca , 11001 Belgrade (Yugoslavia)] [Laboratory for Theoretical Physics, Institute of Nuclear SciencesVinca , 11001 Belgrade (Yugoslavia)

1996-04-01

496

Nucleophilic activation of carbon monoxide. A kinetics investigation of the reaction of chloride with triruthenium dodecacarbonyl  

SciTech Connect

Kinetics studies of the reaction of the triruthenium cluster Ru[sub 3](CO)[sub 12] with the [open quotes]highly dissociated[close quotes] chloride salt [PPN]Cl to give the Ru[sub 3](CO)[sub 11]Cl[sup [minus

Lillis, J.; Rokicki, A.; Chin, T.; Ford, P.C. (Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States))

1993-11-10

497

High performance systems  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a written compilation of the presentations and viewgraphs from the 1994 Conference on High Speed Computing given at the High Speed Computing Conference, {open_quotes}High Performance Systems,{close_quotes} held at Gleneden Beach, Oregon, on April 18 through 21, 1994.

Vigil, M.B. [comp.

1995-03-01

498

On noninvertible mappings of the plane: Eruptions  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we are concerned with the dynamics of noninvertible transformations of the plane. Three examples are explored and possibly a new bifurcation, or {open_quote}{open_quote}eruption,{close_quote}{close_quote} is described. A fundamental role is played by the interactions of fixed points and singular curves. Other critical elements in the phase space include periodic points and an invariant line. The dynamics along the invariant line, in two of the examples, reduces to the one-dimensional Newton{close_quote}s method which is conjugate to a degree two rational map. We also determine, computationally, the characteristic exponents for all of the systems. An unexpected coincidence is that the parameter range where the invariant line becomes neutrally stable, as measured by a zero Lyapunov exponent, coincides with the merging of a periodic point with a point on a singular curve. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Billings, L.; Curry, J.H. [Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0526 (United States)] [Program in Applied Mathematics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0526 (United States)

1996-06-01

499

The origin of large scale structure in mantle convection: effects of plate motions and viscosity stratification  

SciTech Connect

Convection in Earth{close_quote}s mantle is dominated by long-wavelength structure, as evidenced by the very {open_quote}{open_quote}red{close_quote}{close_quote} spectra of both seismic velocity heterogeneity in the deep mantle and the non-hydrostatic gravity field, or geoid. Here we show that this large-scale structure may be a consequence of two factors that influence the scale of mantle convection. First, the existence of surface plates, which tend to organize the flow. Second, a substantial increase in lower mantle viscosity for which there is considerable independent geophysical evidence. Combining these two factors in 3-D spherical mantle convection models explains rather well the observed seismic spectrum of mantle heterogeneity. {copyright} American Geophysical Union 1996

Bunge, H.; Richards, M.A. [Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of California, Berkeley, California (United States)] [Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of California, Berkeley, California (United States)

1996-10-01

500

You had me at hello: How phrasing affects memorability  

E-print Network

Understanding the ways in which information achieves widespread public awareness is a research question of significant interest. We consider whether, and how, the way in which the information is phrased --- the choice of words and sentence structure --- can affect this process. To this end, we develop an analysis framework and build a corpus of movie quotes, annotated with memorability information, in which we are able to control for both the speaker and the setting of the quotes. We find significant differences between memorable and non-memorable quotes in several key dimensions. One is lexical distinctiveness: in aggregate, memorable quotes use less common word choices, but at the same time are built upon a scaffolding of common syntactic patterns; another is that memorable quotes tend to be more general in ways that make them easy to apply in new contexts. We also show how the concept of "memorable language" can be extended across domains.

Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil, Cristian; Kleinberg, Jon; Lee, Lillian

2012-01-01