Sample records for quoteswater watchclose quotes

  1. Water watch

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture and fall streamflow, particularly in the Western US. The information is based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology, the US Dept. of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, the California Dept. of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through October 1992. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in July.

  2. Water Watch

    SciTech Connect

    Gruber, N.

    1993-08-01

    This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch,[close quotes] focusing on streamflow, is based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of hydrology and River Forecast Centers, US Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, Soil Conservation Service, California Department of Water Resources, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through August. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data presented can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in May.

  3. Water watch

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on spring flood potential based on reports and data provided by the National Weather Service Office of Hydrology, the US Department of Agriculture, the Bureau of Reclamation, the Soil Conservation Service, and the US Geological Survey. Ninety-day outlooks are through June 1992. For purposes of reporting, the US is divided into six regions. The data presented in the Hydropower Generation Report can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in March.

  4. Water watch

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-06-01

    This issue of [open quotes]Water Watch[close quotes] focuses on soil moisture conditions across the country as of the first of April. In addition, the department describes streamflow conditions across the US forecast for April through July. The information presented is based on data from the US Geological Survey, the National Weather Service, and the Soil Conservation Service. For purposes of providing this information, the US is divided into six regions. The Hydropower Generation Report can be used to observe how weather conditions affected hydro generation in March.

  5. Advertising Quotes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Look no further than Advertising Quotes to find words of wisdom, humor, and importance about the world of advertising. This database, from the University of Texas Department of Advertising, is arranged in alphabetical order by subject and includes topics such as Envy, Emotion, Media Support, and Morality and Ethics. All quotes are cited.

  6. Search for {open_quote}{open_quote}polarized{close_quote}{close_quote} instantons in the vacuum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kuchiev

    1996-01-01

    The new phase of a gauge theory in which the instantons are {open_quote}{open_quote}polarized,{close_quote}{close_quote} i.e., have the preferred orientation, is discussed. A class of gauge theories with the specific condensates of the scalar fields is considered. In these models there exists an interaction between instantons resulting from one-fermion loop corrections. The interaction makes the identical orientation of instantons the most probable,

  7. Observing the Progressive Decoherence of the {open_quote}{open_quote}Meter{close_quote}{close_quote} in a Quantum Measurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Brune; E. Hagley; J. Dreyer; X. Maitre; A. Maali; C. Wunderlich; J. M. Raimond; S. Haroche

    1996-01-01

    A mesoscopic superposition of quantum states involving radiation fields with classically distinct phases was created and its progressive decoherence observed. The experiment involved Rydberg atoms interacting one at a time with a few photon coherent fields trapped in a high {ital Q} microwave cavity. The mesoscopic superposition was the equivalent of an {open_quote}{open_quote}atom+measuringapparatus{close_quote}{close_quote} system in which the {open_quote}{open_quote}meter{close_quote}{close_quote} was pointing

  8. The use of {open_quote}{open_quote}mixed{close_quote}{close_quote} beams in microprobe imaging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Saint; M. B. Breese; G. J. Legge

    1996-01-01

    This article will demonstrate the production and application of {open_quote}{open_quote}mixed{close_quote}{close_quote} beams for a magnetically focused nuclear microprobe. A {open_quote}{open_quote}mixed{close_quote}{close_quote} beam is defined as any two beams of ions of different species, or energy, or both that can be quickly and easily made to have the same magnetic rigidity ({ital R}{sub {ital m}}) so that they transport, focus, and scan the

  9. Can a {open_quote}{open_quote}natural{close_quote}{close_quote} three-generation neutrino mixing scheme satisfy everything?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Y. Cardall; G. M. Fuller

    1996-01-01

    We examine the potential for a {open_quote}{open_quote}natural{close_quote}{close_quote} three-neutrino mixing scheme to satisfy available data and astrophysical arguments. By {open_quote}{open_quote}natural{close_quote}{close_quote} we mean no sterile neutrinos, and a neutrino mass hierarchy similar to that of the charged leptons. We seek to satisfy (or solve) (1) accelerator and reactor neutrino oscillation constraints, including LSND, (2) the atmospheric muon neutrino deficit problem, (3) the

  10. Watch the fine lines between {open_quote}employee{close_quote} and {open_quote}independent contractor{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nardozzi

    1995-01-01

    At what point does an independent contractor become an employee? The Internal Revenue Service has stepped up enforcement of its definition of {open_quotes}employee{close_quotes} vs. {open_quotes}independent contractor.{close_quotes} This could mean trouble for some businesses. Misclassified workers can cost a company the form of penalties, interest and back taxes. According the author James Bovard, writing in Insight magazine, the IRS is {open_quotes}waging

  11. Chromogravity explains {open_quotes}strong gravity{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Ne`eman, Y. [Tel-Aviv Univ. (Israel). Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences]|[Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Center for Particle Physics; Sijacki, D. [Institute of Physics, Belgrade (Yugoslavia)

    1993-03-01

    In this paper the authors deal with the question of gravitational type interactions in the case of strong interaction phenomena. They present arguments which indicate that it is not necessary to invoke a gravity type interaction into QCD in order to account for observed phenomena. They argue that the gravitational type phenomena discussed in previous work is a manifestation of a class of Feynmann diagrams. These seem to generate an analog to gravity, a J=2 {open_quotes}chromograviton{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}pseudo-graviton{close_quotes} whose action effectively generates Salam`s {open_quotes}Strong Gravity{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}f-gravity{close_quotes}, withthough having to introduce the theory as an additional input.

  12. {open_quote}{open_quote}Standing{close_quote}{close_quote} diffusion of electromagnetic fields in superconductors with gradual resistive transitions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. D. Mayergoyz; M. Neely

    1996-01-01

    Electromagnetic field diffusion in superconductors with gradual resistive transitions may exhibit a peculiar (anomalous) mode which does not exist in superconductors with sharp (ideal) resistive transitions. This is a {open_quote}{open_quote}standing{close_quote}{close_quote} mode. In the case of this mode, the electromagnetic field on a superconductor boundary increases with time, while the region occupied by the electromagnetic field within the superconductor does not

  13. The Kent State {open_quote}{open_quote}2{close_quote}{close_quote} neutron polarimeter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. W. Watson; Q. Du; B. D. Anderson; A. R. Baldwin; C. C. Foster; L. A. Garcia; X. Hu; R. Kurmanov; D. L. Lamm; R. Madey; P. J. Pella; E. J. Stephenson; Y. Wang; B. Wetmore; W. Zhang

    1995-01-01

    We designed, tested and calibrated a medium-energy neutron polarimeter of a new design, which we call the {open_quote}{open_quote}2{close_quote}{close_quote} polarimeter because of its symmetric coverage of all 2 of azimuth for double-scattered neutrons. During calibration tests at the IUCF we observed an over all neutron time-of-flight resolution of 360 ps. The measured analyzing power is typically 39% for neutrons of both

  14. From here to a {open_quote}{open_quote}rangeless{close_quote}{close_quote} range, a roadmap

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. F. Jr. Alves; E. L. Keith

    1996-01-01

    This paper examines the issues involved in replacing the current Range infrastructure used for launching missiles and space launch vehicles with a {open_quote}{open_quote}Range{close_quote}{close_quote} structure consisting of the Global Positioning System and vehicle onboard instrumentation. The issues involved in such a changeover ultimately involve safety and the proper discharge of safety responsibilities delegated to the Range Commander by DOD 5200.11. A

  15. Plasmaneutral interaction in tokamak divertor for {open_quote}{open_quote}gas box{close_quote}{close_quote} neutral model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. I. Krasheninnikov; T. K. Soboleva

    1996-01-01

    Plasma flow through the gas cloud in a tokamak divertor for {open_quote}{open_quote}gas box{close_quote}{close_quote} divertor geometry and Knudsen regime of neutral transport is investigated. It is shown that similar to the neutral models that have considered previously, (i) plasma parameters near the target is sensitive to the energy flux into the hydrogen recycling region and can change rapidly, resulting in bifurcation-like

  16. {open_quote}{open_quote}Bare{close_quote}{close_quote} single-particle energies in ⁵⁶Ni

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Trache; A. Kolomiets; S. Shlomo; K. Heyde; H. Dejbakhsh; C. A. Gagliardi; R. E. Tribble; X. G. Zhou; V. E. Iacob; A. M. Oros

    1996-01-01

    The structure of the low-lying levels in the mirror nuclei ⁵⁷Ni and ⁵⁷Cu is described within the extended unified model. The problem of single-particle energies in ⁵⁶Ni is treated in detail. {open_quote}{open_quote}Bare{close_quote}{close_quote} single-particle energies are extracted from existing experimental data for the energy levels in ⁵⁷Ni and ⁵⁷Cu by carefully considering the influence of the coupling to excitations of the

  17. Energy level inequalities in a {open_quote}{open_quote}wrinkled{close_quote}{close_quote} quarkonium potential

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. A. Bambah; K. Dharamvir; A. C. Sharma

    1996-01-01

    The {open_quote}{open_quote}concave{close_quote}{close_quote} downward property of the standard static {ital q{bar q}} potentials leads to the energy level inequalities {ital E}{sub {ital n}+2}-{ital E}{sub {ital n}+1}>{ital E}{sub {ital n}+1}-{ital E}{sub {ital n}} in the quarkonium mass spectrum. However, this inequality is experimentally observed to be reversed for {ital n}=2 in charmonium and {ital n}=3 in bottomonium, a fact that is inexplicable

  18. {open_quotes}Car Talk{close_quotes}: An autopsy

    SciTech Connect

    Eads, G.C. [Charles River Association, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-11-01

    {open_quotes}Car Talk{close_quotes} - the Clinton administration`s vehicle for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from passenger cars and light-duty trucks-hit the wall amid charges and countercharges hurled by its frustrated participants. A careful post-mortem reveals lessons that can redeem the process for dealing with future public policy controversies.

  19. Wave functions of the triaxial rotor model in the multiple {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital Q}-excitation{close_quote}{close_quote} scheme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. V. Jolos; A. Gelberg; P. von Brentano

    1996-01-01

    A possibility to present the collective state wave functions of the triaxial rotor as multiple {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital Q} excitations{close_quote}{close_quote} built on the ground state is analyzed. It is shown that for arbitrary γ the wave functions of the low lying states of the ground and other bands are approximately pure multiple {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital Q} excitation{close_quote}{close_quote} states with an accuracy better than 75%.

  20. Options for human {open_quote}{open_quote}return to the moon{close_quote}{close_quote} using tomorrow{close_quote}s SSTO, ISRU, and LOX-augmented NTR technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Borowski

    1996-01-01

    The feasibility of conducting human missions to the Moon is examined assuming the use of three {open_quote}{open_quote}high leverage{close_quote}{close_quote} technologies: (1) a single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) launch vehicle, (2) {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital in}-{ital situ}{close_quote}{close_quote} {ital resource} {ital utilization} (ISRU)specifically {open_quote}{open_quote}lunar-derived{close_quote}{close_quote} liquid oxygen (LUNOX), and (3) LOX-augmented nuclear thermal rocket (LANTR) propulsion. Lunar transportation system elements consisting of a LANTR-powered lunar transfer vehicle (LTV) and a

  1. Relation between {open_quotes}failure{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}damage{close_quotes}. Quarterly report, April--June 1970

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, A.L.

    1997-09-01

    Results of this investigation show that the {open_quotes}damage point{close_quotes} derived from an interrupted tensile test does not correspond to the {open_quotes}failure point{close_quotes} obtained from a creep test. It may correspond to the first transition point in constant-stress creep tests. The {open_quotes}damage point{close_quotes} is obtained from repeated tensile stress cycles of ever-increasing intensity; when the stress-strain curve no longer follows parallel paths, the {open_quotes}damage point{close_quotes} has been reached.

  2. Coping with the {open_quotes}D{close_quotes} word

    SciTech Connect

    Poteat, E.L. [Duke Power Co., McGuire Nuclear Station, Huntersville, NC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    There can be little doubt that downsizing is one of the major events occurring at every company in America. If your company has not begun this effort, you can believe it, that it is only a matter of time. At Duke Power Company, this effort began in earnest in 1988. Since then, the changes have been considerable in the Chemistry department at McGuire, and especially significant in the Radwaste department. This paper will discuss the benefits and the problems that we have encountered, as well as the steps that we took, good and bad, to meet the challenges that we faced. Some of the processes that we used have worked out very well. Some have been very disappointing. Still others are in an indeterminate state. Time will tell if we have truly {open_quotes}coped{close_quotes}.

  3. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Comments on the use of asymmetric monochromators for x-ray diffraction on a synchrotron source{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sanchez del Rio; F. Cerrina

    1996-01-01

    In the article {open_quote}{open_quote}Comments on the use of asymmetric monochromators for x-ray diffraction on a synchrotron source,{close_quote}{close_quote} by Colin Nave, Ana Gonzalez, Graham Clark, Sean McSweeney, Stewart Cummings, and Michael Hart, Rev. Sci. Instrum. {bold 66}, 2174 (1995), paragraph II, the authors{close_quote} unfamiliarity with our modeling codes leads them to claim that our approach to treat bent-asymmetrically cut crystals in

  4. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Constraints on pairings in the Hubbard model{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yan

    1996-01-01

    We show that Shi{close_quote}s conclusion about the singlet pairing in the Hubbard model at strong-coupling limit [Phys. Rev. B {bold 51}, 16619 (1995)] is wrong. The singlet pairing is related to many-particle correlated pairings. There generally is no exact identity among the singlet pairing functions. We give an intuitive argument that the nearest-neighbor {ital d}{sub {ital x}²-{ital y}²}-wave pairing is

  5. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Very weak γ transitions in the ε\\/β{sup +} decay of ⁶⁸Ga{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. T. Vo; W. H. Kelly; F. K. Wohn; J. C. Hill; J. P. Vary; M. A. Deleplanque; F. S. Stephens; R. M. Diamond; J. R. Oliveira; A. O. Macchiavelli; J. A. Becker; E. A. Henry; M. J. Brinkman; M. A. Stoyer; J. E. Draper

    1996-01-01

    Using the spectra in the article {open_quote}{open_quote}Very weak γ transitions in the ε\\/β{sup +} decay of 68 Ga{close_quote}{close_quote} [D. T. Vo {ital et} {ital al}.. Phys. Rev. C {bold 50}, 1713 (1994)], Skalsey makes an interesting speculation in the accompanying article [M. Skalsey, Phys. Rev. C {bold 54}, 439 (1996), the preceding paper] on the possible existence of a positron

  6. PVC, combustion and {open_quote}dioxins{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Kanters, J.; Louw, R. [Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)

    1993-12-31

    The incineration of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) yields {open_quote}dioxins{close_quote}. Important precursors of the dioxins are (poly)ChloroPhenols (CP`s). A lab-scale mini combustion reactor has been constructed, capable of handling representative MSW-samples in a batch-wise manner. Flue gas samples were analyzed for CP`s and HCl. In most MSW the NaCl and PVC are about equally important as contributors to the chlorine load. Representative Dutch MSW was also available separated into 14 different fractions, allowing wide variations in composition. By elimination, replacement and/or enrichment the authors aim to discover which components, or conditions, promote CP-formation (for example by catalysis) and its emission in the flue gases. Some features to be discussed are (1) at a given NaCl load the addition of PVC does not increase the CP level (2) Replacing the original Cl-sources by NaCl + cellulose does not change CP-emission, (3) Where and how are CP`s formed?

  7. Peculiar fragile X {open_quotes}mosaics{close_quotes} suggest deletion from full mutations as a mechanism for generating {open_quotes}mosaic{close_quotes} cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Rouillard; F. Rousseau; B. Lemieux

    1994-01-01

    We report four cases of fragile X males with a {open_quotes}mosaic{close_quotes} pattern as detected by Southern blot analysis with probe StB12.3. These four {open_quotes}mosaics{close_quotes} are peculiar as full mutations are observed without premutations but rather associated with an EcoRI-EagI fragment of normal or reduced size. We have sequenced the fragment of reduced size and determined that the CGG repeats were

  8. MR {open_quotes}hot nose sign{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}intravascular enhancement sign{close_quotes} in brain death

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. W. Jr. Orrison; A. M. Champlin; O. L. Kesterson; M. F. Hartshorne; J. N. King

    1994-01-01

    Three cases of MR with gadopentetate dimeglumine in patients diagnosed with cerebral death are presented. Observation of an MR {open_quotes}hot nose sign{close_quotes} and an {open_quotes}intravascular enhancement sign{close_quotes} provided additional imaging support in the clinical diagnosis of brain death. The MR findings in brain death include: (1) transtentorial and foramen magnum herniation, (2) absent intracranial vascular flow void, (3) poor gray

  9. Neutral {open_quote}{open_quote}parent{close_quote}{close_quote} states of the ionic He⁻ ⁴Φ{sub {ital g}}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bacalis

    1996-01-01

    He is examined in the second state of the ³Π{sub {ital g}} symmetry. This state is shown to be one of the two {open_quote}{open_quote}parent{close_quote}{close_quote} states of the lowest known stable negative ionic He⁻ state of the ⁴Φ{sub {ital g}} symmetry. It is compared with the other parent neutral He state, which is the lowest of the ³{sub {ital u}} symmetry,

  10. Polarization independence of microwave {open_quote}{open_quote}ionization{close_quote}{close_quote} thresholds of excited hydrogen atoms near the principal resonance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Bellermann; P. M. Koch; D. R. Mariani; D. Richards

    1996-01-01

    We study experimentally and theoretically how the polarization of a 9.904 GHz field affects threshold amplitudes for many-photon {open_quote}{open_quote}ionization{close_quote}{close_quote} of {ital n}=70,...,98 H atoms. That peak-field thresholds for circular polarization are {ital lower} than for linear polarization (with those for elliptical polarization intermediate) in the main resonance zone is a consequence of a time-scale separation in the 3D dynamics there.

  11. Plasma characteristics during {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital slow quenching}{close_quote}{close_quote} of a Cs-Ba tacitron

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Wernsman; M. S. El-Genk

    1996-01-01

    Transient Langmuir probe measurements of the plasma density, electron temperature, and plasma potential during {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital slow} {ital quenching}{close_quote}{close_quote} of a Cs-Ba tacitron are made. Following the application of a negative voltage pulse on the grid, the grid aperture sheaths grew initially then shrank temporarily, due to an increase in the ion flux from the grid-collector region to the grid apertures,

  12. Coupled cluster analysis of the U(1) lattice gauge model using a correlated {open_quote}{open_quote}mean-field{close_quote}{close_quote} reference state

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. J. Baker; R. F. Bishop; N. J. Davidson

    1996-01-01

    We apply the coupled cluster method (CCM) to the U(1) lattice gauge model in 2+1 dimensions, basing our analysis on a reference state which already contains a certain class of single-plaquette correlations, the so-called {open_quote}{open_quote}mean-field{close_quote}{close_quote} reference state. We consider the simplest possible approximation scheme for the coupled cluster calculation, in which only single-plaquette correlations are included. The use of the

  13. Composition of primary cosmic rays beyond the {open_quote}{open_quote}knee{close_quote}{close_quote} from emulsion chamber observations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. G. Costa; F. Halzen; J. Bellandi; C. Salles

    1996-01-01

    We show that the simplest assumptions for the dynamics of particle production allow us to understand the fluxes of hadrons and photons at mountain altitudes as well as the structure of individual events. The analysis requires a heavy nuclear component of primary cosmic rays above the {open_quote}{open_quote}knee{close_quote}{close_quote} in the spectrum with an average mass number {l_angle}{ital A}{r_angle}=7.3±0.9. {copyright} {ital 1996

  14. Wide-bandpass {open_quote}{open_quote}multilayer{close_quote}{close_quote} monochromator for small angle scattering\\/diffraction studies on biological systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Tsuruta; W. Tompkins; K. Hodgson; T. Irving; L. Chen; D. Segel

    1996-01-01

    We have utilized a {open_quote}{open_quote}multilayer{close_quote}{close_quote} monochromator (a pair of layered synthetic microstructures) in small-angle x-ray scattering\\/diffraction studies of biological materials. Many biological applications of the SAXS\\/D technique, in particular time-resolved studies, are often limited by the flux available to experiments. The wider energy bandpass of the multilayer monochromator provides a higher beam flux by a factor of 10 or more,

  15. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Superconductivity and Madelung potential of YBaCuO{sub 6+{ital x}} ordered superstructures{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. I. Ukrainskii; O. V. Shramko

    1996-01-01

    We note discrepancies in numerical results in our calculations of the Coulomb potentials in YBaCuO{sub 6+{ital x}} ({ital x} = 0, 0.5, 1) with those given by Wang {ital et} {ital al}. in {open_quote}{open_quote}Superconductivity and Madelung potential of YBaCuO{sub 6+{ital x}} ordered superstructures{close_quote}{close_quote} [Phys. Rev. B {bold 45}, 10834 (1992)]. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  16. {open_quote}{open_quote}Fermi liquid{close_quote}{close_quote} shell model approach to composite fermion excitation spectra in fractional quantum Hall states

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Sitko; S. N. Yi; K. S. Yi; J. J. Quinn

    1996-01-01

    Numerical results for the energy spectra of {ital N} electrons on a spherical surface are used as input data to determine the quasiparticle energies and the pairwise {open_quote}{open_quote}Fermi liquid{close_quote}{close_quote} interactions of composite fermion (CF) excitations in fractional quantum Hall systems. The quasiparticle energies and their interactions are then used to determine the energy spectra, {ital E} vs total angular momentum

  17. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Why quantum mechanics cannot be formulated as a Markov process{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Garbaczewski; R. Olkiewicz

    1996-01-01

    In the paper with the above-noted title, D. T. Gillespie [Phys. Rev. A {bold 49}, 1607 (1994)] claims that the theory of Markov stochastic processes cannot provide an adequate mathematical framework for quantum mechanics. In conjunction with the specific quantum dynamics considered there, we give a general analysis of the associated dichotomic jump processes. If we assume that Gillespie{close_quote}s {open_quote}{open_quote}measurement

  18. Overdriven-detonation and sound-speed measurements in PBX9501 and the {open_quote}{open_quote}thermodynamic{close_quote}{close_quote} ChapmanJouguet pressure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. N. Fritz; R. S. Hixson; M. S. Shaw; C. E. Morris; R. G. McQueen

    1996-01-01

    Sound speeds, at pressure, and the overdriven Hugoniot were measured for the plastic-bonded explosive PBX-9501. The two curves intersect at the ChapmanJouguet (CJ) state because of the sonic condition {ital D}={ital c}+{ital u}. This permitted a novel determination of the {open_quote}{open_quote}thermodynamic{close_quote}{close_quote} CJ pressure. A value of 34.8±0.3 GPa was obtained. The data permit a direct experimental determination of the isentropic

  19. [open quotes]Shared pain[close quotes] and its effects on utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Byus, L.C. (Duff Phelps/MCM Investment Research Co., Chicago, IL (United States))

    1993-04-01

    After the conspicuous consumption of the 1980s and the economic recession of the early 1990s, President Clinton has introduced the era of [open quotes]shared pain,[close quotes] with increased [open quotes]contribution.[close quotes] [open quotes]Contribution[close quotes] is the euphemistic term for higher taxes. The president's proposed economic plan will undergo a number of changes, additions, and deletions before becoming law. However, it is obvious that the final plan will have an impact on the electric utility, as well as the nuclear power industry.

  20. Dispersion morphology diagrams for three-phase, [open quotes]microemulsion[close quotes] emulsions. 2. [open quotes]Disappearance[close quotes] of morphology-transition lines

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, G.K. (Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States)); Dadyburjor, D.B. (West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States)); Smith, D.H. (Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States) Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States))

    1994-11-17

    The limits over which the oil-rich top phase (T), middle-phase microemulsion (M), or water-rich bottom phase (B) is the continuous phase in steady-state, three-phase macroemulsions have been determined by means of electrical conductivity measurements for the amphiphile/oil/[open quotes]water[close quotes] system C[sub 6]H[sub 13](OC[sub 2]H[sub 4])[sub 2]OH/n-tetradecane/aqueous 10 mM NaCl. Measurements were made at three different temperatures and apparent wettability conditions: (a) 45[degrees]C, wetting middle phase; (b) 25[degrees]C, no wetting phase; and (c) 12[degrees]C, wetting bottom phase. The results at 25[degrees]C were in accord with expectations from previous predictions and experiments; but for both two-phase and three-phase emulsions no abrupt, [open quotes]first-order[close quotes] transitions between M- and T-continuous emulsions at 45[degrees]C or between M- and B-continuous emulsions at 12[degrees]C were found. Instead, these changes of continuous phase appeared to occur smoothly and continuously between their respective single-phase and two-phase limits. It is not yet clear if the [open quotes]disappearance[close quotes] of first-order morphology transitions correlates with phase wettability transitions; the phenomenon suggests the possibility of bicontinuous two-phase and three-phase macroemulsions. 31 refs., 11 figs.

  1. The Bloch-Elwert structure as a universal manifestation of the rate of {open_quote}{open_quote}Soft{close_quote}{close_quote} inelastic collisions in plasmas: Bremsstrahlung, electrical conductivity, ionization loss

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kogan

    1996-01-01

    The interrelation is traced and a mutual intrinsic identity at the {open_quote}{open_quote}model-level{close_quote}{close_quote} is demonstrated between various plasma phenomena governed by distant electron-ion collisions whose rates{close_quote} dependencies on the Coulomb parameter {ital Ze}\\/{ital v} are described by a single universal {open_quote}{open_quote}Bloch-Elwert structure{close_quote}{close_quote} (BES) namely low-frequency Bremsstrahlung, electrical conductivity, and ionization loss of fast particles. In connection with the fact that the

  2. The Quality of ECN and Nasdaq Market Maker Quotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger D. Huang

    2002-01-01

    This paper compares the quality of quotes submitted by electronic communication networks (ECNs) and by traditional market makers to the Nasdaq quote montage. An analysis of the most active Nasdaq stocks shows that ECNs not only post informative quotes, but also, compared to market makers, ECNs post quotes rapidly and are more often at the inside. Additionally, ECN quoted spreads

  3. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company and development of the Arctic Shelf of Russia

    SciTech Connect

    Velikhov, E.P.

    1994-09-01

    The Russian {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company for developing the shelf is the nucleus of a new branch of industry for developing oil and gas fields on shelves of Russia, primarily in the Arctic. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes}, created on the basis of leading naval defence enterprises, Russia`s largest geological and mining enterprises, and territorial organizations managing the northern regions of Russia, obtained a license in March 1993 for the right to use the natural resources of Europe`s largest Shtokman gas-condensate field and Prirazlomnoe oil field in the Barents Sea and thus has all the conditions and possibilities for the successful organization of oil and gas production on the continental shelf of Russia. The goals of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} are: the production of oil and gas equipment at converted defence enterprises, including under foreign license and for export; the development of oil and gas fields on the continental shelf of Russia; the creation of new prospective technologies for offshore oil and gas production under conditions of the Russian and mainly the arctic shelf. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} should develop the Pechora Sea fields, mainly the Prirazlomnoe oil field with its relatively small depth and distance from the shore. It is planned to develop Europe`s largest Shtokman field at a distance of 600 km from the shore in the course of 10-12 years with expenditures of about $6 billion. The use of defence technologies underlying the activities of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} gives the company a real change to reach the world level of offshore oil- and gas-production technology. Broad cooperation with foreign companies, mainly in the area of engineering, finances, ecology, and safety, planned also for this. Calculations show that already the priority projects of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} will provide 250,000-300,000 highly skilled jobs at Russian defence enterprises.

  4. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Double octupole excitations in the {ital N}=84 nuclei ¹⁴⁴Nd and ¹⁴⁶Sm{close_quote} {close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Bargioni; P. G. Bizzeti; A. M. Bizzeti-Sona; D. Bazzacco; S. Lunardi; P. Pavan; C. Rossi Alvarez; G. de Angelis; G. Maron; J. Rico

    1996-01-01

    Arguments in favor of the collective nature of the {ital E}3 transitions in ¹⁴⁴Nd are discussed. In the authors{close_quote} opinion, the 12{sup +} level at 4354 keV remains a likely candidate for a double-octupole excitation. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Great Quotes To Inspire Great Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    benShea, Noah

    This book provides a collection of quotes designed to offer support and inspiration to teachers as they face the daily emotional, spiritual, intellectual, and physical challenges of their professional and personal lives. The book's 26 sections focus on: the art of teaching; adversity; behavior; character; children; collaboration and teamwork;

  6. Nonabelian Debye screening and the {open_quotes}tsunami{close_quotes} problem

    SciTech Connect

    Pisarski, R.D. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1997-09-22

    The phenomenon of Debye screening is familiar from electrolytes and many other systems. Recently, it has been recognized that in nonabelian gauge theories at high temperature, even perturbatively Debye screening is much more complicated than in nonrelativistic systems. This was originally derived as {open_quotes}hard thermal loops{close_quotes}. Hard thermal loops have been derived perturbatively, by a semiclassical truncation of the Schwinger-Dyson equations, and by classical kinetic theory. In this talk I give a pedagogical derivation, following that of Kelly, Liu, Lucchesi, and Manuel. The derivation is valid not just for a thermal distribution, but (modulo certain obvious restrictions) for an arbitrary initial distribution of particles. Consider, for example, the {open_quotes}tsunami{close_quotes} problem: suppose that one starts, at time t = 0, with a spatially homogenous, infinite wall of particles, all moving with the same velocity at the speed of light.

  7. Deformed optical potential anomaly in {open_quotes}soft{close_quotes} nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Lubian, J.; Cabezas, R. [Center for Applied Studies to Nuclear Development, Havana (Cuba)

    1994-12-31

    An analysis of the low-energy neutron inelastic scattering in some {open_quotes}soft{close_quotes} nuclei is made in the region of medium atomic-weight nuclei. A combined use of the coupled channel method (CCM) and statistical Hauser-Feshbach theory is applied. As structural model of the target nucleus in the CCM calculation the Davydov-Chaban model (DCM) is used. It is observed that the lineal coefficient of the real part energy dependence of the deformed optical potential becomes unusual and increase with the {open_quotes}softness{close_quotes} of the nucleus. It is shown that in the frame of the DCM it is possible to describe adequately experimental differential, integral and total cross sections in the energy range 1-5 MeV and the structure of the low-lying collective states.

  8. The {open_quotes}Real{close_quotes} crisis of losing nuclear power

    SciTech Connect

    Swenson, L.D. [IHS Consultant, Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Many rational arguments can be made to promote the resurgence of nuclear-powered generating facilities. These arguments, however, are often lost on the voters. Voters must be made aware of the life-saving potential of nuclear power. Voters must understand, on a gut level, that if nuclear power is lost as an option for the production of electricity in this country, it will have the impact of {open_quotes}killing babies.{close_quotes} The real crisis associated with the loss of nuclear power production, with which voters can identify in a personal way, will be the loss of the life-saving potential of medical applications of nuclear technology. This personal issue could provide the {open_quotes}hot button{close_quotes} needed to generate broad-based voter support for nuclear power.

  9. Refiners seek help to {open_quotes}think beyond conventional fuels{close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. D. L. Morris; M. Roberts

    1995-01-01

    Jet fuel today, diesel tomorrow, and naphtha next week.{close_quotes} That is what Carroll Moore, director of marketing for UOP`s (Des Plaines, IL) catalysts, says refiners expect from catalysis. To accomplish that flexibility - while constantly adjusting for everchanging feedstock slates and end-product specifications - refiners are placing more demands on their catalyst suppliers. {open_quotes}When the dog wags, the tail had

  10. Comment on [open quotes]Nonlocality, counterfactuals, and quantum mechanics[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Stapp, H.P. (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California at Berkely, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States))

    1999-09-01

    A recent proof [H. P. Stapp, Am. J. Phys. [bold 65], 300 (1997)], formulated in the symbolic language of modal logic, claims to show that contemporary quantum theory, viewed as a set of rules that allow us to calculate statistical predictions among certain kinds of observations, cannot be imbedded in any rational framework that conforms to the principles that (1) the experimenters[close quote] choices of which experiments they will perform can be considered to be free choices, (2) outcomes of measurements are unique, and (3) the free choices just mentioned have no backward-in-time effects of any kind. This claim is similar to Bell[close quote]s theorem, but much stronger, because no reality assumption alien to quantum philosophy is used. The paper being commented on [W. Unruh, Phys. Rev. A [bold 59], 126 (1999)] argues that some such reality assumption has been [open quotes]smuggled[close quotes] in. That argument is examined here and shown, I believe, to be defective. [copyright] [ital 1999] [ital The American Physical Society

  11. The magnetron {open_quotes}threshold voltage{close_quotes} revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Lindsay, P.A.; Esterson, M.; Chen, X. [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, King`s College, University of London, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom)] [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, King`s College, University of London, London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom)

    1997-02-01

    In view of the revival of interest in high-power magnetrons, an important magnetron parameter called the {ital threshold voltage} has been rederived for both relativistic and nonrelativistic cases using a novel and simplified approach. The main purpose of the paper is to investigate the physical significance of the threshold voltage and to show that, contrary to a long established opinion, no restriction on the amplitude of oscillations is required. In fact, the name itself is a misnomer, since in practice the threshold voltage is an approximate dc anode voltage at which the tube operates when delivering {ital full power}. It is this feature which, in our opinion, makes the threshold voltage so important and useful in practice. A set of numerical computations confirms our analysis and also reveals a form of Lorenz{close_quote}s {open_quotes}butterfly effect{close_quotes} associated with the perceived start of oscillations. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  12. Independent Technical ({open_quotes}Red Team{close_quotes}) Reviews

    SciTech Connect

    Thullen, P.; Bennett, D.R.; Kosiewicz, S.T. [Los Alamos National Labs., NM (United States); Weaver, D.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Offices under the Assistant Secretary for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) in the Department of Energy (DOE) and some National Laboratories are using Independent Technical or {open_quotes}Red Team{close_quotes} Reviews to understand and improve the performance of major projects, major system acquisitions, programs and organizations. A core group formed in 1991 by Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, has organized teams of commercial and private consultants to perform over fifteen Independent Technical Reviews (ITRs) throughout the DOE Complex. This paper discusses: review initiation, team formation, methodology, site response, and observations gathered over the past three years.

  13. Direct Observation and Calipering of the {open_quotes}Webbing{close_quotes} Fermi Surface of Yttrium

    SciTech Connect

    Dugdale, S.B.; Fretwell, H.M.; Alam, M.A. [H.H.Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol,Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TL (United Kingdom)] [H.H.Wills Physics Laboratory, University of Bristol,Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TL (United Kingdom); Kontrym-Sznajd, G. [Polish Academy of Sciences, W. Trzebiatowski Intsitute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, 50-950 Wroclaw 2, P.O.Box 937 (Poland)] [Polish Academy of Sciences, W. Trzebiatowski Intsitute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, 50-950 Wroclaw 2, P.O.Box 937 (Poland); West, R.N.; Badrzadeh, S. [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O.Box 19059, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, P.O.Box 19059, Arlington, Texas 76019 (United States)

    1997-08-01

    The first measurement of both the size and shape of the region of the Fermi surface of yttrium known as the {open_quotes}webbing{close_quotes} is reported. This particular Fermi surface feature is of considerable interest because it is very similar to that found in a number of the heavier rare earth metals, where it is believed to play a vital role in driving the exotic magnetic structures found therein. In this positron study, two-dimensional angular correlation measurements combined with three-dimensional reconstruction provide a direct image of this part of the yttrium Fermi surface. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  14. [open quotes]Magic[close quotes] energies for detecting light elements with resonant alpha particle backscattering

    SciTech Connect

    Wetteland, C.J.; Maggiore, C.J.; Tesmer, J.R. (Center for Materials Science, Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States)); He, X.; Lee, D. (Structure/Property Relations, Materials Science and Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory (United States))

    1999-06-01

    Resonant backscattering is widely used to improve the detection limit of the light elements such as B, C, N and O. One disadvantage, however, is that several incident energies are normally needed if the sample contains a number of the light elements. There are [open quotes]magic[close quotes] energies at which several light elements can be detected simultaneously with suitable sensitivities. When these energies are used along with the elastic recoil detection of hydrogen, multiple elements can be detected without changing the beam energy, and the analysis time is greatly reduced. These reactions along with examples will be discussed. [copyright] [ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.

  15. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Strangeness enhancement in {ital p}+{ital A} and S+{ital A} interactions at energies near 200{ital A} GeV{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Gazdzicki; U. Heinz

    1996-01-01

    We critically discuss the recent analysis of strangeness production in nuclear collisions at 200{ital A} GeV\\/{ital c} performed by Topor Pop {ital et} {ital al}. We point out various problems in connection with the interpretation of the data and the numerical model results. We also argue that the term {open_quote}{open_quote}strangeness enhancement{close_quote}{close_quote} is used in a misleading way. {copyright} {ital 1996

  16. Effect of pressure on {ital T}{sub {ital c}} and the {open_quote}{open_quote}intrinsic{close_quote}{close_quote} {ital T}{sub {ital c}} of cuprates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Z. Kresin; S. A. Wolf; Y. N. Ovchinnikov

    1996-01-01

    We propose that the transition temperature in the layered cuprates is affected by a peculiar interplay between doping and pair-breaking scattering. This scattering can lead to a depression of {ital T}{sub {ital c}} relative to its {open_quote}{open_quote}intrinsic{close_quote}{close_quote} value. Using this picture, one can explain the large value of {ital T}{sub {ital c}} in the three-layered cuprates relative to the two-

  17. Why Nasdaq market makers avoid odd-eighth quotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul E. Godek

    1996-01-01

    Recent studies argue that implicit collusion explains the tendency of Nasdaq market makers to avoid odd-eighth price quotes. This paper focuses on the role that preference trading plays in determining quoted spreads. Under the postulated effects of preference trading, an analysis of the relation between spreads and price fractions explains the paucity of odd-eighth quotes on Nasdaq. Empirical results from

  18. Seismic amplitude: Its [open quotes]true[close quotes] meaning and benefit

    SciTech Connect

    Wren, A.E. (Hydrocarbon Explorer, Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

    1994-07-01

    In the early days of seismic exploration, signal amplitude had no specific significance, and the recording systems had little or no control on the signal strength or weakness. [open quotes]Amplitude anomalies[close quotes] were perceived as spurious and little was done with them in an interpretive sense. With the advent of the [open quotes]bright spot[close quotes] in the early 1970s, it became evident that amplitude held significance with respect to lithology, porosity, and fluid, but the early excitement was replaced with frustration when it become clear that the bright spot technology was not infallible in terms of ambiguity, and that many hydrocarbon reservoirs did not exhibit bright spots. In the early 1980s, the technique of AVO (amplitude versus offset) was seen to be the necessary complementing technology to the bright spot by removing the ambiguity between reservoir sandstone, shale and coal, and shale and porosity in carbonates. In the interim, geophysicists have recognized many aspects of amplitude and the pitfalls associated with amplitude interpretation. These include the amplitude filtering effect of geophone array, tuning, side-lobe tuning, multiple interference, and partial gas saturation. All of these, except the latter, may be systematically handled. However, a profound understanding of all aspects of amplitude is necessary before the interpreter can begin to decipher the lithology, porosity, and fluid. This paper reviews the basics, illustrates the problems, and presents amplitude success case histories from several producing fields.

  19. Depostional systems, provenance, and sequence stratigraphy, Carter and [open quotes]Millerella[close quotes] sandstones of northeast Mississippi

    SciTech Connect

    Cleaves, A.W. II (Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States))

    1993-09-01

    The subsurface [open quotes]Millerella[close quotes] and Carter sandstones (middle Chesterian) of the Black Warrior basin represent the highest units of the thick Muldon clastics deltaic facies tract. Lowstand marine conditions during Carter deposition allowed for southeastwardly progradation of five distinct deltaic lobe complexes onto the stable northern shelf of the basin. With each of these lobes, both an [open quotes]A[close quotes] (upper) and a [open quotes]B[close quotes] (lower) reservoir unit can be identified. The [open quotes]B[close quotes] sandstone produces from delta-front sheet sands, channel-mouth bars, and possible bar fingers of river-dominated deltas. The more prolific [open quotes]A[close quotes] subdivision contains reservoirs in upper delta-plain point bars, crevasse splays, and distributary channel fills. The most easterly of the lobes, preserved in the Bean's Ferry field of Itawamba County, comprises an amalgamated valley-fill facies that removed a maximum of 250 ft (76 m) of lower Bangor platform carbonates. In contrast, the [open quotes]Millerella[close quotes] sandstone is a series of unconnected pods that formed as marine-reworked sand bodies during a eustatic rise in sea level. The average detrital sand grain composition for four cores taken in Monroe County is 94.7% monocrystalline quartz, 2.9% polycrystalline quartz, 1.6% albite feldspar, 0.1% low-rank metamorphic rock fragments, 0.5 chert, and 0.2% muscovite. These data indicate that neither the Ozark uplift nor the Ouachita orogen could have acted as the principal source area for the Carter and [open quotes]Millerella[close quotes] sandstones. More likely, the sedimentary-igneous terrains along the northern margin of the Illinois basin served this function. A major eustatic lowstand brought this mineralogically mature sediment across the Illinois basin through incised valleys to the northern self of the Black Warrior basin.

  20. Status of {open_quotes}Nirvana{close_quotes}: High quality GUI based software for HEP

    SciTech Connect

    Edel, M.; Kryiakopulos, J.; Lebrun, P.; Kallenbach, J.; Ravoor, S. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Iourcha, K. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina (Russian Federation)

    1994-12-31

    The Fermilab {open_quotes}Nirvana{close_quotes} project has produced a number of tools for data analysis in High Energy Physics. The authors goal has been to produce software which takes maximum advantage of the workstation graphical user interface. Histo-Scope and NPlot enable users to browse data from running programs and HBOOK, Histo-Scope, and columnar text files. They also provide highly interactive two and three dimensional plots which can be rotated, scaled and adjusted directly with the workstation mouse. The newest program, NFit, a GUI version of the MINUIT fitting program, will be ready in a few months. In addition, NEdit, the programmer`s text editor, was released as public domain in December. The authors discuss the basics of these software products, as well as improvements in the newest versions of Histo-Scope, NPlot, and NEdit.

  1. Healey motorsports` amazing {open_quotes}1 valve{close_quotes} racing Healey

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-02-01

    Recently, the 22 foot, chisel shaped, electric racing vehicle {open_quotes}Powertron/QuickCable Spirit of San Antonio I{close_quotes} set a new world speed record in the class-3 under 1500 pound electric vehicle class. Lloyd Healey, the designer, builder, and driver of the streamlined electric car; set the record at the Bonneville Salt flats with an averaged speed of 129.354 mph. The car was built with a Cr-Mo frame, aluminum outer skin, and a handmade fiberglass nose piece. The car is capable of carrying twenty-four Type-31 truck lead acid batteries or thirty Type-34 car batteries. The car is powered by an 11 inch General Electric DC series wound motor that produces both high torque and horsepower. The racing team hopes to break the 200-mph mark, with some unofficial times already set above 150-mph.

  2. Synonymous nucleotide divergence: What is {open_quotes}saturation{close_quotes}?

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, J.M.; Smith, N.H. [Univ. of Sussex, Brighton (United Kingdom)

    1996-03-01

    The nucleotide divergence at synonymous third sites between two lineages will increase with time since the latest common ancestor, up to some saturation level. The {open_quotes}null-hypothesis divergence{close_quotes} is defined as the percentage of difference predicted at synonymous third sites, allowing for amino acid composition and codon bias, but assuming that codon bias is the same at all sites occupied by a given amino acid, when equilibrium has been reached between forward and backward substitutions. For two highly expressed genes, gapA and ompA, in the enterobacteria, the estimated values of the null-hypothesis divergence are 39.3 and 38.15%, respectively, compared to estimated values of saturation divergence of 19.0 and 25.4%. A possible explanation for this discrepancy is that different codons for a given amino acid are favored at different sites in the same gene. 5 refs., 2 figs.

  3. Mapping the human genome by using {open_quotes}whole genome{close_quotes} radiation hybrids

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, D.R. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    An important goal of the Human Genome Project is to construct a map of the human genome at an average resolution of 100 kilobases (kb), which should provide the scientific community with a valuable resource for the localization an isolation of any human DNA sequence of interest. In an effort to complete this map by the projected date of 1998, we have constructed two sets of {open_quotes}whole genome{close_quotes} radiation hybrids. The first set of 83 hamster-human somatic cell hybrids contains human DNA fragments approximately 5 million base pairs in length. Each individual hybrid cell line contains approximately one fifth of the entire human genome. Our mapping results indicate that these whole genome radiation hybrids represent an important resource for constructing the 100 kb map in a timely and cost-effective fashion.

  4. Agriculture and the recent [open quotes]Benign Climate[close quotes] in Minnesota

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, D.G.; Ruschy, D.L.; Skaggs, R.H. (Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul (United States))

    1993-06-01

    This work provides data supporting a little noticed but remarkably consistent and agriculturally favorable climatic period existed for approximately 18 years, beginning in the mid-1950s in the US Corn Belt and perhaps even earlier in Minnesota. The full application of technology to agriculture was delayed due to world political events (World War II and the Korean conflict, for example) until the 1950s. It is concluded that from then until about 1974, the interaction between this favorable climatic period and the applied technology and the enthusiasm they engendered in agricultural circles were subtle and unrealized factors that helped lead to the agricultural inflation of the 1970s, while the unexpected and generally unrecognized cessation of the [open quotes]benign[close quotes] climate must be considered as a factor leading to the agricultural depression in the 1980s. 17 refs., 10 figs.

  5. Salvaging dipmeters using an oil field {open_quotes}Dinosaur{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Breimayer, A.R.P.; Puzio, L.B. [Terradip, Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-09-01

    Although state-of-the-art methods such as 3-D seismic and formation imaging tools are widely used, the advantages of the old standard dipmeter should not be dismissed. Seismic dip is subject to velocity errors, and formation imagers cannot be run in all borehole conditions. The dipmeter offers a relatively low cost, highly effective alternative for defining geologic features. The 60{double_prime}= 100{prime} scale playback of the raw dipmeter data may be an oil field {open_quotes}dinosaur,{close_quotes} but it is also the key to assessing the reliability of a dipmeter. This playback should be used to determine CORRELATION QUALITY, critical to the accuracy of any dipmeter. Computer computation of the raw dipmeter data does not always yield reliable dip information, particularly when dipmeters are run under adverse hole conditions or in complex geology. This data can be often salvaged by optical correlation of the 60{close_quote} playback - the process of manually correlating raw dipmeter resistivity curves to determine the attitude of bedding planes in the subsurface. Problems such as tool noise, tool pulls, and poor pad contact compromise data quality. These problems can be recognized and compensated for using optical correlation. Finally, at the 60{double_prime} scale many formation textures and structural characteristics visible on the formation imaging logs are also discernible on the standard dipmeter traces. We will offer many Gulf Coast examples and some hands-on demonstrations using the 60{double_prime} data, and show improved tadpole plots which result from optical correlation.

  6. [open quote]Endangered[close quote] salmon: More than just a Northwest hydro problem

    SciTech Connect

    Pfeiffer, D.E. (Washington Water Power Co., Spokane, WA (United States))

    1992-06-01

    In the US, about 600 species of plants and animals are considered threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act. One of those, the Snake River sockeye salmon, has been making news in the Pacific Northwest. In November 1991, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) declared Snake River sockeye salmon an endangered species, mandating the creation of a recovery plan that could cost more than $70 million a year. Many in the Northwest believe that the Endangered Species Act has never been applied in a case affecting so large an area or such a wide range of economic interests, including hydropower, agriculture, hatcheries, and commercial and sport fishing. Implications of this listing go far beyond regional economics, though. The way in which the federal government applied the Endangered Species Act in this instance has set a precedent that could affect hydro development throughout the US. The Endangered Species Act must be reauthorized by Congress by late October 1992. As explained in the accompanying story, [open quotes]Reauthorizing the ESA: Many Groups Calling for Change,[close quotes] the majority opinion in the US is that the act needs reform. Reviewing the act and its application in the Pacific Northwest will help members of the US hydro industry understand how hydro developments could be affected.

  7. {open_quotes}Unspecific{close_quotes} X-linked mental retardation: Clinical, genetic and molecular studies

    SciTech Connect

    Ropers, H.H.; Maacel, S. van der; Knoers, N. [University Hospital, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Previous linkage studies have assigned a gene for non-syndromic X-linked mental retardation (XMR) to at least 8 different regions on the X-chromosome. The fragile X-syndrome (FRAXA) does not account for more than 40% of all cases; in most XMR families early diagnosis and prevention is not possible. As part of a systematic study into {open_quotes}unspecific{close_quotes} XMR involving more than 30 non-FRAXA families, linkage studies have enabled us to map the respective genes in 4 families to the Xp11.4-q12 interval with peak lod scores around the ALAS2 locus. In three other families, the gene defect could be assigned to the KAL-DMD, DXS424-FRAXAC2 and DSX52-Xqter intervals, respectively. In one of these families, small stature due to growth hormone deficiency was observed as a distinctive clinical feature. Molecular cloning of the breakpoint in a mentally retarded girl with a balanced t(Xq13;13q) translocation has enabled us to isolate an X-chromosomal gene which is disrupted in this patient and is highly expressed in brain. YAC cloning strategies are being employed to clone another XMR gene, which has been identified previously in the vicinity of the CHM locus and genes involved in mentally retarded patients with two different inversions, inv(X)(q21p11) and inv(X)(p21q24), respectively.

  8. Myth-building: The [open quotes]Islamic[close quotes] bomb

    SciTech Connect

    Hoodbhoy, P. (Quadi-e-Azam Univ., Islamabad (Pakistan))

    1993-06-01

    The [open quotes]Islamic Bomb[close quotes] is roughly understood to be a nuclear weapon aquired for broad ideological reasons--a weapon that supposedly belongs to the Muslim [ital ummah] or community and, as such, is the ultimate expression of Islamic solidarity. Concern about the Islamic bomb is at the heart of the intense effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons to Muslim countries. The official justification is a general one: proliferation must be curbed globally. But unofficially, the Islamic bomb gets special attention. The reasons behind this special attention are described in this article. The reasons include fear of terrorism, of a [ital jihad] willing to indiscriminately use nuclear weapons in hope of a reward in the Hereafter, and of the transfer of nuclear arms from nuclear to non-nuclear Muslim countries in times of crisis. Possibilities for controlling the proliferation of nuclear weapons in Muslim countries are addressed. Reasons are cited as to why various Muslim countries wish to acquire nuclear weapons.

  9. Stored Guthrie cards as DNA [open quotes]Banks[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    McEwen, J.E.; Reilly, P.R. (Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center for Mental Retardation, Waltham, MA (United States))

    1994-07-01

    Recently there has been much discussion about the possibility of using dried blood spots on Guthrie cards as a source of DNA for research or testing purposes. The collections of Guthrie cards stored by state newborn-screening laboratories can thus be viewed as inchoate [open quotes]DNA banks[close quotes]. This has generated concern among some persons who are interested in preserving the privacy of medical records. This study examines the policies of state newborn-screening laboratories in the United States, regarding their retention of Guthrie cards and the degree to which they permit the sharing of those cards with various third parties. The authors found that although most laboratories retain their cards, if at all, for only a short time, a growing number plan to keep them for an extended period-and, in several cases, indefinitely. They also found that although most laboratories would decline to release individually identifiable blood spots from the cards to third parties without a written release or other explicit authorization, a large number would at least consider sharing anonymous cards for research purposes. 10 refs., 2 tabs.

  10. [open quotes]Golden Rule[close quotes] Signals start of FERC utility restructuring effort

    SciTech Connect

    O'Driscoll, M.

    1994-05-13

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission snatched the utility industry spotlight from the California Public Utilities Commission this week when it unveiled a new standard for competition that says comparability of service cures undue discrimination and anti-competitive behavior in a competitive bulk power market. To an industry still reeling from the California proposal to restructure the way utilities do business there with full retail wheeling by 2002, FERC's version of the [open quotes]golden rule[close quotes]-do unto others as you do unto yourself-raises the specter of an industry-wide restructuring not unlike that which culminated in the natural gas pipeline industry's Order 636. Gas pipeline and electric utility differences notwithstanding-and granted, there appear to be many-it is difficult to deny that FERC's about-face on its earlier approval of American Electric Power Service Corp.'s voluntary transmission tariff is a clear signal that a restructuring of some sort is under way.

  11. Coal air turbine {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} program, Invention 604. Third quarter project report, April 1995--June 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Foster-Pegg, R.W.

    1995-07-31

    The primary objective of this {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} project is to complete a conceptual design of this unique new combination of existing technology with cost estimates to show that the {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} system offers the economic incentive with low technical risk for a plant to be built which will demonstrate its viability. The technologies involved in the components of a {open_quotes}CAT{close_quotes} plant are proven, and the integration of the components into a complete plant is the only new development activity involved. Industry and the Federal General Services Administration (GSA), require the demonstration of a {open_quotes}commercial plant{close_quotes} before the viability of a new concept is accepted. To satisfy this requirement and construction of a plant of commercially viable size in excess of 15 MW if cogeneration and above 30 MW if all power, is proposed. This plant will produce economical power and heat for the owner. The plant will operate a full commercial life and continue as an operating demonstration of the viability of the technology, gathering long term life and maintenance data, all adding to the credibility of the concept.

  12. The restructuring and future of {open_quotes}Mendelian Inheritance in Man{close_quotes} (MIM)

    SciTech Connect

    Pearson, P.L.; Francomano, C.; Antonarakis, S. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Victor McKusick`s catalog {open_quotes}Mendelian Inheritance in Man{close_quotes} represents the most comprehensive compendum of human genetic disease information available today and has appeared as a series in book form for the last 30 years. The 11th edition will contain almost 7000 entries: approximately 2800 descriptions of human genetic disorders, 700 combined disorder/gene descriptions and 3500 pure gene descriptions. Until recently the content of the catalogs was maintained solely by McKusick with a support staff. However, a distributed editing system has now been established with the following primary components. New entries are initiated in Baltimore by science writers under the guidance of the senior editors and McKusick, following which the information is made immediately available to the public through online access. The subject editors can then review and edit the new or modified information without impeding the timeliness of entering new information. Entries are being reconstructured so that clinical disorder and gene information is divided into separate entries which will better represent the frequently complex relationship of gene mutations to individual clinical disorders in the data files. Further, each entry is being subdivided into logical topics which will enhance the power of electronic searching, making links between topics and improving readability. The old division of entries into autosomal dominant and recessive, etc., is being abandoned in favor of clinical disorder (phenotypes) and gene catalogs. The information is maintained in an SGML format which facilitates the production of many different types of output varying from the traditional book form to CD ROMs and various online formats including IRx, WAIS, Gopher and World Wide Web. This latter offers the exciting possibility of making hypertext links between entries and other data resources, including photographic, sound and video clips as part of the total MIM information.

  13. NEDO {open_quotes}deep-seated geothermal resources survey{close_quotes} overview

    SciTech Connect

    Yagi, M.; Muraoka, H.; Miyazaki, S.

    1995-12-31

    An overview of NEDO {open_quotes}Deep-Seated Geothermal Resources Survey{close_quotes} is presented in this paper. The research project aims to confirm the existing conditions of deep geothermal reservoirs located in basement and intrusive rocks underneath shallow reservoirs (over 2,000 m deep from the surface). A 4,000 m class drillhole, Wedge-1 (WD-1), which will be the deepest and hottest (over 350{degrees}C) well in Japan, is now being drilled at the Kakkonda geothermal field located in northern Honshu, Japan. WD-1 has reached a depth of 3,729 m with an 8 1/2 inch hole following efforts to minimize lost circulation on the way through to shallow reservoirs located approximately in depths between 1,600 m to 2,150 m. Ten conventional and three oriented cores have been taken to a depth of 3,729 m. The boundary between Tertiary and Pre-Tertiary exists at a depth of 2,729 m. Neo-granite considered to be a possible heat source of the field appears over a depth of 2,860 m. The first appearance of contact metamorphic minerals and assemblages has become a good indicator to predict the depth of neo-granite top. The latest investigation with a Formation Micro Imager (FMI) revealed that drilling induced fractures oriented towards E-W to ENE-WSW directions at a depth interval from 1,505 m to 2,550 m. This indicates that the stress field has not changed, at least from the surface to a depth of 2,550 m. The results of long-term micro-earthquake monitoring indicates the existence of deep fracture systems in the western part of the Kakkonda geothermal field.

  14. [open quotes]Passing the test[close quotes] - Human behavior and California's smog check program

    SciTech Connect

    Lawson, D.R. (Desert Research Inst., Reno, NV (United States))

    1993-12-01

    We have analyzed data obtained from more than 11,000 vehicles inspected in California's random roadside surveys to assess the real-world characteristics of the in-use motor vehicle fleet and to test the effectiveness of California's inspection and maintenance (I/M) program. The low-idle emissions data from these surveys show that 10 percent of the fleet are responsible for about 60 percent of the exhaust hydrocarbons and also that 10 percent of the fleet (not necessarily the same vehicles) are responsible for about 60 percent of the carbon monoxide emissions. We also show that high emitters appear among all model years, and not just among old vehicles, as previously assumed. Old vehicles, on average, have higher idle emissions than new vehicles, but they contribute relatively little to the total idle emissions because there are so few on the road. We compare roadside survey results at I/M and non-I/M locations in California, and observe identical tampering and overall failure rates at the two types of locations. We also show that motorists are taking steps to [open quotes]pass the test,[close quotes] and that the high-emitting vehicles' idle-emissions performance and tampering rates in the roadside surveys are unaffected by the Smog Check test. These results imply that success in California's Smog Check program in reducing emissions will require consideration of human behavior and the attendant negative incentives inherent in the program as historically conceived. 29 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs.

  15. Why Do NASDAQ Market Makers Avoid Odd-Eighth Quotes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William G. Christie; Paul H. Schultz

    1994-01-01

    The NASDAQ multiple dealer market is designed to produce narrow bid-ask spreads through the competition for order flow among individual dealers. However, the authors find that odd-eighth quotes are virtually nonexistent for 70 of 100 actively traded NASDAQ securities, including Apple Computer and Lotus Development. The lack of odd-eighth quotes cannot be explained by the negotiation hypothesis of L. Harris

  16. Terrestrial biospheric response to atmospheric CO[sub 2] and the [open quotes]missing carbon[close quotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. W. King; W. R. Emanuel; S. D. Wullschleger; W. M. Post

    1993-01-01

    Part of the CO[sub 2] released to the atmosphere by the global use of fossil fuels remains unaccounted for in observations of atmospheric CO[sub 2] or model estimates of carbon uptake by the world's oceans. CO[sub 2] stimulation of terrestrial net primary production (NPP) has been proposed as a mechanism to account for this [open quotes]missing carbon[close quotes]. To assess

  17. Anisotropic Resistivities of Precisely Oxygen Controlled Single-Crystal BiSrCaCuO{sub 8+δ}: Systematic Study on {open_quote}{open_quote}Spin Gap{close_quote}{close_quote} Effect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Watanabe; A. Matsuda; T. Fujii

    1997-01-01

    The in-plane resistivity ρ{sub a}(T) and the out-of-plane resistivity ρ{sub c}(T) have been systematically measured for BiSr CaCuO{sub 8+δ} single crystals with their oxygen contents precisely controlled. In the underdoped region, deviation from T -linear in-plane resistivity, which evidences the opening of the {open_quotes}spin gap,{close_quotes} is clearly observed, while the out-of-plane resistivity is well reproduced by the activation-type phenomenological formula

  18. Geology at the steepbank [open quotes]In-Situ[close quotes] HASDrive Pilot Site, Athabasca Tar Sands, Canada

    SciTech Connect

    Holloway, D.C.

    1993-02-01

    The Athabasca tar sands of northeastern Alberta contain 13 trillion bbl of bitumen in place, 5% of which is accessible by surface mining techniques. If there is to be significant exploitation of the deeper buried resources, it will have to be done using subsurface [open quotes]in-situ[close quotes] technologies. Compared to surface mining, these methods are potentially more economic, can be developed on a smaller scale and are environmentally more sound. The Lower Cretaceous McMurray Formation is by far the richest hydrocarbon bearing unit in Canada. Overall, it is a transgressive sand and mud dominated unit deposited in fluvial to marine environments. The main reservoir unit is an estuarine sand, whole complexity makes for an elusive exploration target and a challenging development project. Successful reservoir management of a subsurface [open quotes]in-situ[close quotes] operation depends on a solid understanding of estuarine stratigraphy and its lithologic heterogeneities. For the past 20 years, Chevron has been developing an [open quotes]in-situ[close quotes] heavy oil extraction process called HASDrive (Heated Annulus Steam Drive). Recently, HASDrive and other technologies have been employed on a 77 mi[sup 2] lease with 9 billion bbl of heavy oil in place. The goal is to bring the lease to a fully commercial 10,000 bbl/day operation by 1997. In the exploration phase, 64 core hole wells were located with the aid of shallow 3-D seismic and electromagnetic techniques. The current pilot phase has utilized HASDrive to extract the bitumen from and sand and specialized seismic methods to monitor the development of the steam chamber.

  19. Final report for LDRD project {open_quotes}A new approach to protein function and structure prediction{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, C.A.

    1997-03-01

    This report describes the research performed under the laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) grant {open_quotes}A new approach to protein function and structure prediction{close_quotes}, funded FY94-6. We describe the goals of the research, motivate and list our improvements to the state of the art in multiple sequence alignment and phylogeny (evolutionary tree) construction, but leave technical details to the six publications resulting from this work. At least three algorithms for phylogeny construction or tree consensus have been implemented and used by researchers outside of Sandia.

  20. CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and

    E-print Network

    CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality M. H. Sherman, I ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American ventilation rates without taking into account the impact of those rates on IAQ. Innovative ventilation

  1. New York Times BanxQuote Banking Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This no-nonsense site, provided by the New York Times and BanxQuote, provides daily U.S. national, regional, and state information on mortgage, home equity, auto, credit card, and student loan rates, and bank deposit yields. National and regional data are compiled from averages, and state data contain the three biggest institutions in each state.

  2. Racist Quotes from Persons of Note, Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fikes, Robert, Jr.

    1988-01-01

    Offers racist quotes about Blacks, Jews, Hispanics, Asians, Italians, Poles, and others, from famous persons such as John Wayne, Woodrow Wilson, William F. Buckley, Richard Wagner, Jesse Helms, Sam Rayburn, Walter Lippman, Jack London, Paul Lynde, Theodore Roosevelt, Frank Sinatra, Errol Flynn, Ezra Pound, Richard M. Nixon, and Ronald Reagan. (BJV)

  3. Technical Report No. 2006-511 SOME QUOTES OF INTEREST

    E-print Network

    Graham, Nick

    Technical Report No. 2006-511 SOME QUOTES OF INTEREST Selim G. Akl School of Computing Queen to those intending to read: S.G. Akl, The myth of universal computation, Technical Report No. 2005 is disproved in Technical Report No. 2005-492: No nite and xed device can be universal. Please also see

  4. Technical Report No. 2006511 SOME QUOTES OF INTEREST \\Lambda

    E-print Network

    Graham, Nick

    Technical Report No. 2006511 SOME QUOTES OF INTEREST \\Lambda Selim G. Akl School of Computing Report No. 2005492, School of Computing, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. http://www.cs.queensu.ca/Parallel/technical.html#Technical Report No. 2005492: No finite and fixed device can be universal. Please also see Technical Report No

  5. The {open_quotes}Command and Control{close_quotes} philosophy of the Communist party of China

    SciTech Connect

    Kominiak, G.J.; Eisenberger, J.C.; Menaul, K.L. [and others

    1996-01-01

    China`s central political authorities have constructed a system which is designed to enable them to exert their personal influence and control over each level of every organization in the country -- both civil and military. The Communist Party of China (CPC) is represented at all levels of each and every organization, including the People`s Liberation Army (PLA). These Party entities are intended to both provide oversight and to ensure that Party policies, directives and orders are obeyed. This penchant for political control, which may have its roots in China`s imperial past, appears to have been reinforced by the early developmental path chosen by the Party`s leadership. Current attempts aimed at maintaining political control of its resources, especially the military, are embodied in the formal system of {open_quotes}Political Work.{close_quotes} In the PLA, this system of political control results in the involvement of political organs in day-to-day military matters to an extent unheard of in the West. Further work is needed in order to understand, more fully, both the system of {open_quotes}Political Work{close_quotes} and its contributions to the overall military (and civil) command and control philosophic of the Communist Party of China.

  6. Clinical and molecular cytogenetic observations in three cases of {open_quotes}trisomy 12p syndrome{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Rauch, A.; Trautmann, U.; Pfeiffer, R.A. [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)] [Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)

    1996-05-03

    Two unpublished cases with partial tandem duplication of 12p and one previously published case were studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization using 11 cosmid DNA probes from 12p. We propose that the smallest duplications of 12(p13.2pter) and 12(p13.1p13.33) produce the {open_quotes}trisomy 12p syndrome{close_quotes} which is characterized by heavy birth weight, macrocephaly, muscular hypotonia, short neck, flat face, high forehead, prominent cheeks, large philtrum, short nose with anteverted nostrils, and broad everted lower lip. From a review of the published cases we conclude that gross malformations are lacking in {open_quotes}pure{close_quotes} trisomy 12p, and mental retardation is severe in complete and moderate in partial trisomy 12p. Polydactyly and accessory nipples were found only with almost complete trisomy 12p. Abnormalities of hair growth may be related to a gene at 12p. The sub-band 12p11.21 may be critical for acrocallosal syndrome. Macrocephaly may be due to a metabolic disorder. 26 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Terrestrial biospheric response to atmospheric CO[sub 2] and the [open quotes]missing carbon[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    King, A.W.; Emanuel, W.R.; Wullschleger, S.D.; Post, W.M. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1993-06-01

    Part of the CO[sub 2] released to the atmosphere by the global use of fossil fuels remains unaccounted for in observations of atmospheric CO[sub 2] or model estimates of carbon uptake by the world's oceans. CO[sub 2] stimulation of terrestrial net primary production (NPP) has been proposed as a mechanism to account for this [open quotes]missing carbon[close quotes]. To assess this proposition, we use a global model of carbon dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Plant growth is a logistic function of vegetation carbon density. We model the CO[sub 2] response of NPP as a logarithmic function of increasing atmospheric CO[sub 2] (the classic response function of global carbon cycle models) and as a more physiologically justified rectangular hyperbolic response. We derive parameters for these functions from experimental studies of plant response to suggest a recent upper limit on CO[sub 2] stimulated terrestrial carbon storage of [approx]0.5 Gt C yr[sup [minus]1] and a maximum CO[sub 2] enhance storage is sufficient to account for the [open quotes]missing[close quotes] fossil fuel carbon releases, but it is sufficient to also account for most estimates of the additional carbon released by changes in land use.

  8. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}θ-term renormalization in (2+1)-dimensional CP{sup {ital N}}⁻¹ model with a θ term{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. N. Kondrashuk; A. V. Kotikov

    1996-01-01

    It is found that in a recent paper by Park the first coefficient of the nonzero β function for the Chern-Simons term in the 1\\/{ital N} expansion of the CP{sup {ital N}}⁻¹ model is untrue numerically. The correct result is given. The main conclusions of the Park{close_quote}s paper are not changed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  9. Proposed solution to the {open_quotes}k{sub eff} of the world{close_quotes} problem

    SciTech Connect

    Gelbard, E.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Roussel, B. [National Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology, Gif sur Yvette (France)

    1995-12-31

    In 1971 Whitesides posed a Monte Carlo (MC) problem which he called {open_quotes}computing the k{sub eff} of the world.{close_quotes} This problem is still troublesome today. The problem arose in MC studies of a 9 x 9 x 9 configuration of weakly coupled Pu spheres, initially identical, with the whole array surrounded by water. The MC eigenvalue for this array was .93. When the central sphere was replaced by another, just critical in isolation, the MC eigenvalue was still .93. Here we consider a model problem somewhat analogous to Whitesides`, and use it (1) to illustrate the difficulties in the simplest traditional MC approach, and (2) to explore an alternative approach.

  10. [Hydrotris(3-isopropyl-5-methylpyazolyl)borato]-iodocobalt(II): Unusual purification by {open_quotes}inverse recrystallization{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Reinaud, O.M.; Rheingold, A.L.; Theopold, K.H. [Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)

    1994-05-11

    In the search for homogeneous oxidation catalysts, the authors are investigating sterically hindered tris(pyrazolyl) borate complexes. For example, hydrotris(3-tert-butyl-5-methylpyrazolyl)borate (Tp{prime}) stabilizes the unusual side-on bonded superoxo-cobalt complex Tp{prime}Co{sup II}(O{sub 2}). During study of this complex there arose the need to prepare an analogous molecule with isopropyl groups in place of the tert-butyl substituents of the pyrazolyl rings. As a starting material for this chemistry, the authors prepared and structurally characterized Tp{double_prime}Co{sup II}I (Tp{double_prime} = hydrotris(3-isopropyl-5-methylpyrazoly)borate). The separation of the latter from its regioisomers takes advantage of a rather unusual solubility effect, termed {open_quotes}inverse recrystallization{close_quotes}. The potential utility of this phenomenon in related systems prompted this note.

  11. Preparative purification of Trichoderma reesei native and {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} cellobiohydrolase I by electrophoresis and chromatofocusing

    SciTech Connect

    Offord, D.A.; Lee, N.E.; Woodward, J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1991-12-31

    The enzymes present in the cellulose complex produced by the fungus Trichoderma reesei have been the subject of considerable attention in consequence of their potential for converting cellulosic materials into glucose for further use in fermentation processes. Cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I) is the major component of crude commercial fungal cellulose preparations and catalyzes the conversion of insoluble cellulose into cellobiose. The primary structure of CBH I is known, and its tertiary structure, deduced from small-angle X-ray scattering studies, takes the shape of a tadpole with a catalytic head region known as {open_quotes}core{close_quotes} CBH I and a C-terminal cellulose-binding tail region. Removal of the tail can be accomplished with the protease papain, resulting in reduced activity towards insoluble substrates but unchanged activity towards soluble substrates.

  12. Report on {open_quotes}inspection of human subject research in intelligence and intelligence-related projects{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-01-16

    Executive Order 12333, {open_quotes}United States Intelligence Activities,{close_quotes} (1) designates the Department`s intelligence element as a member of the Intelligence Community, and (2) states that no agency within the Intelligence community shall sponsor, contract for or conduct research on human subjects except in accordance with guidelines issued by the Department of Health and Human Services. The Federal policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, which was based on Department of Health and Human Services regulations, was promulgated in Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 745 by the Department of Energy. The purpose of this inspection was to review the internal control procedures used by the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security to manage selected intelligence and intelligence-related projects that involve human subject research.

  13. {open_quotes}Full steam ahead{close_quotes} (a historical review of geothermal power development in the Philippines)

    SciTech Connect

    Gazo, F.M.

    1997-12-31

    The Philippine geothermal energy development is now considered in a state of maturity. After more than 20 years of geothermal experience, the total geothermal installed capacity in the Philippines reached 1,455 MW (1996) or about 12% of the total installed power plant capacity. This also enabled the Philippines to become the second largest producer of geothermal energy in the world. The country`s track record in harnessing geothermal energy is considered a revelation, as it continues with its vision of {open_quotes}full steam ahead{close_quotes}, originally conceived when commercial geothermal operation started in 1973. It is thus proper and timely to refer to historical highlights and experiences in geothermal energy development for planning and implementation of the country`s geothermal energy program.

  14. Ising Pyrochlore Magnets: Low-Temperature Properties, [open quotes]Ice Rules,[close quotes] and Beyond

    SciTech Connect

    Siddharthan, R.; Shastry, B.S. (Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)); Ramirez, A.P. (Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, 600 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (United States)); Hayashi, A.; Cava, R.J. (Chemistry Department, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States)); Rosenkranz, S. (Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60436 (United States))

    1999-08-01

    Pyrochlore magnets are candidates for what Harris [ital et al. ]thinspthinsp[Phys.thinspthinspRev.thinspthinspLett.thinspthinsp[bold 79], 2554 (1997)] call [open quotes]spin-ice[close quotes] behavior. We present theoretical simulations of relevance for the pyrochlore family R[sub 2]Ti[sub 2]O[sub 7] (R=rarethinspearth ) supported by magnetothermal measurements on selected systems. By considering long-ranged dipole-dipole as well as short-ranged superexchange interactions, we get three distinct behaviors: (i) an ordered doubly degenerate state, (ii) a highly disordered state with a broad transition to paramagnetism, and (iii) a partially ordered state with a sharp transition to paramagnetism. Closely corresponding behavior is seen in the real compounds. [copyright] [ital 1999] [ital The American Physical Society

  15. Synthesis of [open quotes]wheel-and-axle[close quotes]-type porphyrin arrays composed of phosphorus porphyrins

    SciTech Connect

    Segawa, Hiroshi; Kunimoto, Kazuhiko; Susumu, Kimihiro; Taniguchi, Masahito; Shimidzu, Takeo (Kyoto Univ. (Japan))

    1994-11-30

    The synthesis and characterization of a series of large porphyrin oligomers are important not only for elucidation of the energy and/or the electron transfer functions of the photosynthetic reaction center but also for application of the functions to molecular architecture. In a previous paper, we reported the stable axial bond formation of non-metal phosphorus porphyrin. The axial bond is useful for fixing the porphyrin rings at various distances and orientations, and it could enable us to construct molecular architecture using porphyrins. In this paper, we report the systematic synthesis of novel [open quotes]wheel-and-axle[close quotes]-type phosphorus(V) porphyrin oligomers, whose porphyrin rings are separated by various lengths of stable axial bridges connected with the central phosphorus atoms. 16 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  16. Morphologies of emulsions of conjugate phase pairs of amphiphile/oil/water {open_quotes}microemulsion{close_quotes} tie triangles

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.H.; Nwosu, S.N.; Johnson, G.K. [Dept. of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States)] [and others

    1992-04-01

    Electrical conductivity measurements were made on emulsions formed, respectively, from the conjugate top-middle, top-bottom, and middle-bottom phase pairs that define the three sides of various nonionic amphiphile/oil/water {open_quotes}microemulsion{close_quotes} tie triangles. Effective-medium conductivity models and observations of creaming behavior were used to substantiate assignments of steady-state emulsion morphologies. The phase volume fractions at which morphology changes occurred were measured for both directions along each tie line, and the hysteresis was obtained as the difference between the volume fractions for the two directions. The results support the dispersion morphology diagram previously postulated, including the formation of mixtures of emulsions whose morphologies are the inverse of each other. 31 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Burgers{close_quote} equation with high Reynolds number

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, D.S.; Wei, G.W.; Kouri, D.J. [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5641 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-5641 (United States); Hoffman, D.K. [Department of Chemistry and Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Ames Laboratory, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

    1997-06-01

    Burgers{close_quote} equation, involving very high Reynolds numbers, is numerically solved by using a new approach based on the distributed approximating functional for representing spatial derivatives of the velocity field. For moderately large Reynolds numbers, this simple approach can provide very high accuracy while using a small number of grid points. In the case where the Reynolds number {ge}10{sup 5}, the exact solution is not available and a discrepancy exists in the literature. Our results clarify the behavior of the solution under these conditions. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  18. American Film Institute releases list of top movie quotes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The sheer volume of "top" and "best" lists should never be viewed as indicative that an inordinate amount of so-called "objective" research has been done to arrive at a logical hierarchy that will effectively squelch debate on any given topic. Released earlier this week, the American Film Institute's list of the top 100 movie quotes (as voted on by 1,500 persons in the entertainment industry) will no doubt generate much haranguing among the general movie-going populace and film critics and pundits everywhere. In fact, director and CEO of the American Film Institute, Jean Picker Firstenberg, remarked "We expect nothing less than a war of words as we reignite interest in classic American movies". The quote at the top of the list was the famous retort to Gone With the Wind's Scarlett O'Hara (as played by Vivien Leigh) offered by Rhett Butler (as played by Clark Gable), where he opines, "Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn." Overall, Humphrey Bogart has ten quotes on the ballot, and Al Pacino and the Marx Brothers each follow with six quotes each.The first link will take visitors to a news story from the Boston Globe on the release of the AFI list this past Tuesday. The second link will take users to a webpage created by the AFI that features the entire list and a short clip from the film Mrs. Miniver. The third link leads to a trenchant opinion piece from the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review (authored by film critic Ed Blank) that offers some informed commentary on the current state of writing for films and the problems of increasingly short attention spans. The fourth link leads to a very fine audio feature from NPR's All Things Considered which discusses the very phenomenon of the "top 100"-styled lists that seem to be everywhere in the world of pop culture. The fifth link leads to a very nice selection of trivia about the film Gone with the Wind, as offered by the Internet Movie Database site. While Orson Welles's immortal line "Rosebud" from the film Citizen Kane only made it to number seventeen on the AFI's recent list, the sixth site offers a very different perspective on this auteur. On this site, visitors can watch Welles attempt to make it through one of his legendary (or more accurately, infamous) television advertisements for Paul Masson wine.

  19. Another look at US passenger vehicle use and the {open_quotes}rebound{close_quotes} effect from improved fuel efficiency

    SciTech Connect

    Jones, C.T. [Murray State Univ., KY (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Recently, Greene (1992) analyzed vehicle miles travelled for U.S. passenger vehicles over 1966-89 to econometrically estimate the {open_quotes}rebound{close_quotes} effect in fuel consumption resulting from improved fuel efficiency. He found that a static AR(1) model could not be rejected, implying that the rebound effect is small (13%) with no significant long-run adjustments, regardless of the assumed functional form (linear or loglinear). Another look at the data from a different model selection approach shows that while a loglinear AR(1) model is acceptable, the linear version is not. Using either form, a lagged dependent variable model cannot be rejected on statistical grounds yet has insignificant GNP effects, yielding similarly small short-run rebound effects but significant long-run rebound effects of about 30%. Thus, the evidence from these competing models for a significant long-run adjustment process is mixed, so that its presence cannot be completely ruled out. 13 refs., 2 tabs.

  20. {open_quotes}Airborne Research Australia (ARA){close_quotes} a new research aircraft facility on the southern hemisphere

    SciTech Connect

    Hacker, J.M. [Flinders Univ. of South Australia, Adelaide (Australia)

    1996-11-01

    {open_quotes}Airborne Research Australia{close_quotes} (ARA) is a new research aircraft facility in Australia. It will serve the scientific community of Australia and will also make its aircraft and expertise available for commercial users. To cover the widest possible range of applications, the facility will operate up to five research aircraft, from a small, low-cost platform to medium-sized multi-purpose aircraft, as well as a unique high altitude aircraft capable of carrying scientific loads to altitudes of up to 15km. The aircraft will be equipped with basic instrumentation and data systems, as well as facilities to mount user-supplied instrumentation and systems internally and externally on the aircraft. The ARA operations base consisting of a hangar, workshops, offices, laboratories, etc. is currently being constructed at Parafield Airport near Adelaide/South Australia. The following text reports about the current state of development of the facility. An update will be given in a presentation at the Conference. 6 figs.

  1. Pulling the [open quotes]reverse trigger[close quotes]: A way to define local competition. [Competition among Public Utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Barnich, T.L.; Clausen, C.L.

    1994-06-15

    The communications convergence, brought about largely by the digitalization revolution, is now moving in a double helix through the horizontal telecommunications hierarchy. Competition for customer premises is aspiring upward toward the competition that is spiraling downward from the long-distance market. The competitive-access market is growing rapidly. MCI Metro, MCI/Nextel, and AT T/McCaw are poised to reach down into the traditionally [open quotes]local[close quotes] markets through wires and airwaves alike. Even the electric utilities are building persuasive business cases and regulatory arguments to transform their erstwhile internal communications systems, conduits, and rights-of-way into commercial networks offering cable TV, multimedia, Personal Communications Service (PCS), and alternative telephony services. The four principles in developing a regulatory standard should be: create standards that ease regulatory babysitting, recognize the relationship between the costs of regulatory compliance and building the networks, minimize transaction costs, and let the networks begin to grow now, without time and energy being spent on gaming the regulatory system.

  2. Exploration considerations for Newman [open quotes]Big Lime[close quotes] oil reserves in Southeastern Kentucky

    SciTech Connect

    Tebo, J.; Stark, T.J.; Yough, C. (Equitable Resources Exploration, Kingsport, TN (United States))

    1994-08-01

    The Newman [open quotes]Big Lime[close quotes] (Middle to Upper Mississippian) in the Appalachian basin portion of southeastern Kentucky contains tectonically influenced oil reserves. With the currently known primary production potential totaling a combined 30 million bbl of oil, these Big Lime traps are economically attractive targets. Drilling depths to test the Big Lime range from 2000 to 3500 ft, where sizable per well reserves (300,000 bbl of oil or more) are possible. Fault remobilization within the Floyd County embayment has influenced the pre-Big Lime erosional surface, resulting in paleovalleys and erosional scarps. Large Cambrian-aged growth faults define this structural embayment and are coincident with many of these shallower paleogeographic features. The Big Lime carbonates deposited in these features received preferential dolomitization during subsequent periods of fault remobilization (Permian ) as diagenetic fluids migrated through the resultant fractures. Hydrocarbons filled these reservoirs limiting water-charged porosity in the area. Both oil and dolomite are somewhat restricted to the southwestern margin of the enbayment. Oil sourcing may be controlled by source rock variability and faulting. Dolomite distribution may be influenced by a large basement intrusive ( ) that remobilized faults in the Leslie County Kentucky area. Exploration methods employed in searching for Big Lime fields include remote geophysical surveys, seismic, core analysis, and diagenetic studies. The combination of tectonic, diagenetic, and stratigraphic controls on reservoir development can be used in exploration models for subtle carbonate traps throughout the craton.

  3. Recognition and regional correlation of impact-related {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes} Arbuckle and Simpson reservoir lithofacies

    SciTech Connect

    Kuykendall, M.D. [Solid Rock Resources, Inc., Tulsa, OK (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The concentric structural feature known as the {open_quotes}Ames Hole{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes}, located on the northern shelf of the Anadarko Basin, contains several heterogeneous and uniquely associated hydrocarbon reservoirs, as well as a locally thick (craterfilling) Middle Ordovician (Simpson shale) source rock. Critical diagnostic structural and morphological features, along with petrographic and shock metamorphism evidence, strongly support and impact origin of the structure. Principle crater reservoirs include extremely brecciated, fractured, and faulted, Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle Group dolomites, Pre-Cambrian granodiorities, devitrified pseudo-pyroclastic (impact melt) rocks, and a rather homogenous, dolomitic ejecta-fallout breccia, which is present along the rim and flanks of the crater. Stratigraphic trapping of hydrocarbons associated with the presence of reservoir-quality ejecta-fallout lithologies unconformably present in the upper portion of the Arbuckle Group, and in reworked, arkosic/dolomitic impact-related lithofacies within the overlying basal Simpson Group, may exist both locally and regionally relative to the {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes}. Calibration of log-rock characteristics of ejecta-fallout reservoir lithofacies from key crater rim wells provides the basis for field-wide and regional inferences about lithologies, reservoir quality, and related production characteristics. An awareness and understanding of impact-related {open_quotes}Ames Crater{close_quotes} Arbuckle and Simpson lithofacies should lead to refinement of regional Lower and Middle Ordovician stratigraphy, and create renewed exploration strategies for potential stratigraphic traps.

  4. Depositional environment and distribution of Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica to West Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. N. Erlich; Z. Sofer; L. M. Pratt; S. E. Palmer

    1993-01-01

    Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica, western and eastern Venezuela, and Trinidad were studied using organic and inorganic geochemistry, biostratigraphy, and sedimentology in order to determine their depositional environments. Bulk mineralogy and major element geochemistry for 304 samples were combined with Rock Eval data and extract biomaker analysis to infer the types and distributions of the various

  5. Global climate change - the United Nations FCCC, {open_quotes}Berlin Mandate{close_quotes}, COP-2, and electric utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Mathai, C.V. [Arizona Public Service Co., Phoenix, AZ (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Over the past 100 years, there has been a steady increase in man-made emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs, such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and most halogenated substances) due to human activities including combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation. Scientific studies suggest that these emissions are contributing to increases in atmospheric concentrations of GHGs which in turn, cause an enhanced greenhouse effect by trapping more of the sun`s energy leading to global climate change. Recently, a consensus position has emerged among the scientific community that man-made GHG emissions appear to be contributing to global climate change. Based on that finding, United States representative, Under Secretary of State Tim Wirth stated at the July 1996 meeting of the {open_quotes}Conference of Parties{close_quotes} (COP) of the FCCC, that global voluntary efforts to meet the GHG emission reduction goal have failed He called for the COP to expedite ongoing international negotiations toward establishing (in 1997) medium-term, realistic, legally-binding GHG emission targets and implementation schedules for each country. Setting a legally binding GHG emission target would have significant impacts on the nation, and especially on the electric utility sector. This article provides a general overview of the United States and international efforts toward implementing the FCCC and their potential impacts on the utility industry. A future article is anticipated to address an update on the international negotiations and their potential impacts on other sectors of the U.S. economy, and the rapidly growing GHG emissions from developing countries such as China and India.

  6. {open_quotes}Bubble fusion{close_quotes}: Preliminary estimates of spherical micro-implosions in cavitating liquids

    SciTech Connect

    Krakowski, R.A.

    1995-02-01

    Liquids irradiated with intense ultrasonic waves can generate small cavities or bubbles. Upon nonlinear expansion to a state of disequilibrium, wherein the externally imposed hydrostatic pressure far exceeds that of entrapped non-condensable gas, these bubbles undergo a rapid and violent collapse. This collapse, if symmetric, can generate high pressures and temperatures through a number of possible mechanisms. The simplest and oldest explanation suggests a focusing of the kinetic energy of all the surrounding liquid onto the collapsing bubble and the subsequent heating of entrapped gases under either adiabatic or isothermal conditions. Although induced by externally imposed millisecond pressure oscillations, these collapses can occur on sub-microsecond timescales and are accompanied by picosecond light emissions; this combination of sound and light is called sonoluminescence. Recent explanations of observed high temperatures and picosecond radiation pulses accompanying such collapses are based on the interaction of multiple shock waves that are launched off the inward cavity wall. Other potential explanations invoke dipole emissions induced by intermolecular collisions or the release of Casimir energy when a dielectric hole is filled. Conjectures have been made that the processes responsible for sonoluminescence may be extended to generated conditions where thermonuclear fusion might occur. Such an achievement would extend scientific interest in sonoluminescence out of a purely chemical context to include the study of matter subjected to more extreme conditions. The main goal of this {open_quotes}scoping{close_quotes} study is to understand better conditions where deuterium-tritium fusion might be observed in conjunction with micro-implosions in cavitating liquids; prognoses of fusion application at this point are unintended.

  7. Belgian experience in applying the {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} concept to the primary loop piping

    SciTech Connect

    Gerard, R.; Malekian, C.; Meessen, O. [Tractebel Energy Engineering, Brussels (Belgium)

    1997-04-01

    The Leak Before Break (LBB) concept allows to eliminate from the design basis the double-ended guillotine break of the primary loop piping, provided it can be demonstrated by a fracture mechanics analysis that a through-wall flaw, of a size giving rise to a leakage still well detectable by the plant leak detection systems, remains stable even under accident conditions (including the Safe Shutdown Earthquake (SSE)). This concept was successfully applied to the primary loop piping of several Belgian Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) units, operated by the Utility Electrabel. One of the main benefits is to permit justification of supports in the primary loop and justification of the integrity of the reactor pressure vessel and internals in case of a Loss Of Coolant Accident (LOCA) in stretch-out conditions. For two of the Belgian PWR units, the LBB approach also made it possible to reduce the number of large hydraulic snubbers installed on the primary coolant pumps. Last but not least, the LBB concept also facilitates the steam generator replacement operations, by eliminating the need for some pipe whip restraints located close to the steam generator. In addition to the U.S. regulatory requirements, the Belgian safety authorities impose additional requirements which are described in details in a separate paper. An novel aspect of the studies performed in Belgium is the way in which residual loads in the primary loop are taken into account. Such loads may result from displacements imposed to close the primary loop in a steam generator replacement operation, especially when it is performed using the {open_quote}two cuts{close_quotes} technique. The influence of such residual loads on the LBB margins is discussed in details and typical results are presented.

  8. Identifying [open quotes]worst case[close quotes] persistence factors for carbon monoxide modeling near intersections in Orlando, Florida

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, C.D.; Malone, L.C.; Liu, P.S. (Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States))

    1992-11-01

    At-grade intersections of busy roadways are places where carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations tend to accumulate. Modeling the 8-hour [open quotes]worst-case[close quotes] CO concentration (C8WC) often is done by multiplying a worst-case 1-hour CO concentration (C1WC) by a total persistence factor (TPF). The TPF reflects the fact that both emissions and meteorology vary (and result in lower CO concentrations) over an eight-hour period as compared with the peak 1-hour modeled conditions. A computer tape with hourly meteorological observations and stability classes for Orlando, Florida, was obtained from the National Climatic Data Center. The data were grouped into 18-hour days (6:00 a.m. to midnight) for a ten-year period. Eight-hour turning movement data from several intersections were analyzed and a composite, 18-hour turning movement traffic scenario was developed for this study. The intersection model, TEXIN2, was run with the traffic scenario and historical hourly meteorological data to develop (modeled) daily peak 1-hour CO concentrations (C1MAX) and 8-hour CO concentrations (C8MAX). Daily TPFs were calculated. Comparisons were made between C8MAX and C8WC for various values of TPF. A TPF of 0.55 is recommended for use in Orlando, Florida, based on a comprehensive statistical analysis of 10 years of meteorological data, coupled with detailed hourly modeling results. Both the probability of occurrence of an exceedance, and the acceptable risk of exceeding ambient air quality standards were considered. 8 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  9. Characterization of a [open quotes]kissing[close quotes] hairpin complex derived from the human immunodeficiency virus genome

    SciTech Connect

    Chang, Kung-Yao; Tinoco, Ignacio Jr. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1994-08-30

    Base-pair formation between hairpin loops-a [open quotes]kissing[close quotes] complex-is an RNA-folding motif that links two elements of RNA secondary structure. It is also a unique protein recognition site involved in regulation of ColE1 plasmid DNA replication. The trans-activation response element (TAR), a hairpin and bulge at the 5[prime] end of the untranslated leader region of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 mRNA, enhances the transcription of the virus and is necessary for viral replication. Gel electrophoresis and absorbance melting curves indicate that a synthesized RNA hairpin (Tar*-16) with a loop sequence complementary to the TAR loop sequence (CUGGGA) associates specifically with a 16-nucleotide TAR hairpin (Tar-16) to form a stable complex. RNase T1 probing indicates that the three guanines in the Tar-16 loop become inaccessible in the complex. NMR imino proton spectra reveal that 5 base pairs are formed between the two hairpin loops (Tar-16 and Tar*-16); only the adenine at the 3[prime] terminus of the TAR loop does not form a base pair with the 5[prime]-terminal uracil of the complementary loop. A 14-nucleotide hairpin [CCUA-(UCCCAG)UAGG] with a loop sequence complementary to the TAR loop is conserved within the gag gene of human immunodeficiency virus 1. A synthesized RNA hairpin corresponding to this conserved sequence also binds to the Tar-16 hairpin with high affinity. It is possible that the same RNA loop-loop interaction occurs during the viral life cycle. 40 refs., 7 figs.

  10. Induction of transcription of {open_quotes}Immediate early genes{close_quotes} by low-dose ionizing radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Prasad, A.V.; Mohan, N.; Chandrasekar, B.; Meltz, M.L. [Univ. of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The induction of transition of specific genes after exposure to ionizing radiation has previously been reported after lethal doses of radiation (2-50 Gy). Little attention has been focused on expression of {open_quotes}immediate early genes{close_quotes} after low doses of ionizing radiation, where cell viability remains high. This dose range (0.25-2.0 Gy) is above the diagnostic dose level but at or below the doses typical for a single exposure in fractionated radiotherapy treatment of cancer. In this study, it was observed that doses in the range of 0.25-2.0 Gy induced different amounts of the mRNAs of the proto-oncogenes c-fos, c-jun, c-myc and c-Ha-ras at a given dose and time in Epstein-Barr virus-transformed human lymphoblastoid 244B cells. A maximum response was seen after a dose of 0.5 Gy for all but c-fos, which showed a maximum response after exposure to 0.25 Gy. Time-course studies demonstrated that the induction was transient, reaching a maximum at 1 h and declining to the constitutive level at 4 h after irradiation. Using second-messenger specific inhibitors, the signaling pathways involved in the induction of these proto-oncogenes was also investigated. The results showed that all four of the proto-oncogenes induced after 0.5 Gy shared a common pathway of tyrosine kinase activation. Other signaling pathways included protein kinase C, reactive oxygen intermediates and calcium-dependent kinases; these were found to be differentially involved in the induction of transcription of the individual proto-oncogenes. In summary, this study suggests that low-dose ionizing radiation (0.25-2.0 Gy) can modulate expression of immediate early genes. Secondly, the activation of immediate early genes after low-dose exposure involves multiple second-messenger signaling pathways. Third, the magnitude of involvement of the different signaling pathways after low-dose radiation is different for each proto-oncogene expressed. 43 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Possible explanation of the {open_quotes}{rho}{pi} puzzle{close_quotes} in J/{psi}, {psi}{sup {prime}} decays

    SciTech Connect

    Li, X. [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); [Department of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Bugg, D.V.; Zou, B. [Queen Mary and Westfield College, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)] [Queen Mary and Westfield College, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

    1997-02-01

    We evaluate the contributions of final state interactions (FSI{close_quote}s) to J/{psi}{r_arrow}{rho}{pi} and {psi}{sup {prime}}{r_arrow}{rho}{pi} with various intermediate physical channels. We find that the rescattering of a{sub 2}{rho} and a{sub 1}{rho} into {rho}{pi} can change the {rho}{pi} production rate substantially, and, therefore, could be an explanation for the long-standing {open_quotes}{rho}{pi} puzzle.{close_quote}{close_quote} The FSI effects may also play a significant role for other channels, such as K{sup {asterisk}}{bar K} and f{sub 2}{omega}. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  12. Model for bile salt micellization and solubilization from studies of a [open quotes]polydisperse[close quotes] array of fluorescent probes and molecular modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Li, G.; McGown, L.B. (Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States))

    1994-12-22

    The micellar aggregation of the bile salt sodium taurocholate (NaTC) in water, in the concentration range 0-35 mM, was studied by using a [open quotes]polydisperse[close quotes] array of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon probes, ranging from pyrene with four aromatic rings to ovalene with 10 aromatic rings. Measurements of fluorescence spectra, peak intensity, vibronic band intensity ratio, and lifetime were used to follow the solubilization of the probes as a function of NaTC concentration. The results strongly support stepwise aggregation behavior since at least two critical regions of NaTC concentration were reported by each of the probes. For all probes, one of these critical regions occurs at 8-12 mM. The other critical concentration regions, referred to as [open quotes]apparent critical micellar concentrations[close quotes] (acmc), increase with increasing probe size and include 4, 15, and 20 mM. 27 refs., 9 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. Nuclear power meets the 101st Congress, a {open_quotes}one-act{close_quotes} comedy: Regulation of Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensees under the Clean Air Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1992-01-01

    In the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977, Congress directed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to regulate all radioactive pollutants, including those emitted from facilities licensed and regulated under the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Thus began the era of so-called {open_quotes}dual regulation.{close_quotes} Thirteen years later, that era ended with the passage of section 112(d)(9)

  14. The {open_quotes}Dragon of Kovachitsa{close_quotes}: Local perceptions of radioactive pollution near the Kozlodui Nuclear Power Station (Bulgaria)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Konstantinov

    1995-01-01

    There is continuing uncertainty surrounding the safety of nuclear power stations in Eastern Europe, among them the one at Kozlodui, Bulgaria. It is argued in this paper that attempts on the part of the state to assert the safety of nuclear power stations are expressed in terms of an official {open_quotes}nuclear-safe{close_quotes} discourse, while the local inhabitants near the Kozlodui nuclear

  15. The Vertebrate Story Group names in "quotes" do not represent monophyletic groups.

    E-print Network

    The Vertebrate Story Group names in "quotes" do not represent monophyletic groups. They are names that are used for convenience in discussing vertebrate evolution. Groups in quotes often represent paraphyletic Australia Lepidosiren S. America Protopterus Africa #12;Fig. 3.15 #12;Eusthenopteron Sarcopterygii

  16. Mitochondrial DNA control region sequence variation suggests an independent origin of an {open_quotes}Asian-specific{close_quotes} 9-bp deletion in Africans

    SciTech Connect

    Soodyall, H.; Redd, A.; Vigilant [Pennsylvania State Univ., Univeristy Park, PA (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    The intergenic noncoding region between the cytochrome oxidase II and lysyl tRNA genes of human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is associated with two tandemly arranged copies of a 9-bp sequence. A deletion of one of these repeats has been found at varying frequencies in populations of Asian descent, and is commonly referred to as an {open_quotes}Asian-specific{close_quotes} marker. We report here that the 9-bp deletion is also found at a frequency of 10.2% (66/649) in some indigenous African populations, with frequencies of 28.6% (20/70) in Pygmies, 26.6% (12/45) in Malawians and 15.4% (31/199) in southeastern Bantu-speaking populations. The deletion was not found in 123 Khoisan individuals nor in 209 western Bantu-speaking individuals, with the exception of 3 individuals from one group that was admixed with Pygmies. Sequence analysis of the two hypervariable segments of the mtDNA control region reveals that the types associated with the African 9-bp deletion are different from those found in Asian-derived populations with the deletion. Phylogenetic analysis separates the {open_quotes}African{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}Asian{close_quotes} 9-bp deletion types into two different clusters which are statistically supported. Mismatch distributions based on the number of differences between pairs of mtDNA types are consistent with this separation. These findings strongly support the view that the 9-bp deletion originated independently in Africa and in Asia.

  17. Sequence stratigraphic re-interpretation of [open quotes]stray[close quotes] sandstones in the Cretaceous Mancos Shale, Book Cliffs, Utah: Implications for exploration models

    SciTech Connect

    Hampson, G.J.; Howell, J.A.; Flint, S.S. (Univ. of Liverpool (United Kingdom))

    1996-01-01

    The Mancos Shale, Book Cliffs, eastern Utah, represents the open marine mudstones of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway and contains a number of detached sandstone bodies ([open quotes]Mancos B[close quotes]) which are located 30-150 km down depositional dip from contemporaneous highstand shoreline deposits in the Blackhawk Formation. Examination of these [open quotes]stray[close quotes] sandstones reveals that they do not represent deep water deposition, as previously supposed, but instead comprise three shallow marine facies associations; (1) tidally-influenced fluvial channel fills, (2) fluvially-dominated delta front successions and (3) low-energy shorelines. Tidally-influenced fluvial channel fills are commonly stacked into multistorey bodies at discrete stratigraphic levels, thereby defining incised valley fill (IVF) networks. Fluvially-dominated deltas are eroded into by, and lie at the down-dip terminations of, IVFs and are therefore interpreted as falling stage and lowstand shorelines. Low-energy shorelines are inferred to lie along strike from these deltas. The above shallow marine deposits have been mapped at five discrete stratigraphic horizons, which can be either traced or projected up-dip to previously-documented IVFs in the Blackhawk Formation. Their paleocurrents imply that falling stage and lowstand shoreline trends were sub-parallel to mapped highstand shorelines, although there is evidence for a perpendicular lowstand shoreline trend in the east of the study area. This facies and sequence stratigraphic re-interpretation enables predictive exploration modelling of subsurface [open quotes]Mancos B[close quotes] gas reservoir sandstones.

  18. {open_quotes}Anomalous peak effect{close_quotes} - is it indicative of a generalized Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state?

    SciTech Connect

    Modler, R.

    1996-10-01

    Dilatometric and magnetic studies on single crystals of the high-{kappa} superconductors UPd{sub 2}Al{sub 3} and CeRu{sub 2} reveal a spontaneous increase of the volume-pinning force at high magnetic fields of more than one order of magnitude. This {open_quotes}anomalous peak effect{close_quotes} was claimed to be a signature of a new staggered high-field superconducting order parameter. We will review the recent developments and discuss alternative explanations.

  19. Sequence-stratigraphic elements and geochemical variability within a {open_quotes}condensed section{close_quotes}: Eagle Ford Group, east-central Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Liro, L.M.; Dawson, W.C.; Katz, B.J. [Texaco EPTD, Houston, TX (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    The Cenomanian-Turonian Eagle Ford Group, the likely source for the East Texas field, crops out along a broad belt in central and northeastern Texas. Detailed analysis of Eagle Ford outcrops in central Texas reveals considerable variability at several different scales. A lower section is interpreted to represent transgressive, in-part {open_quotes}condensed{close_quotes} deposits, whereas the overlying section is interpreted as a highstand deposit. This sequence-stratigraphic framework is suggested by stratigraphic and geochemical evidence. The lower portion of the measured Eagle Ford Group outcrops contains dark shales with a blocky character. These shales exhibit minor bioturbation and are well laminated. A few bentonites are evident in this portion of the section but are not as significant as in the overlying unit. Above this interval, the Eagle Ford changes character dramatically, exhibiting a series of interbedded carbonate flags and recessive shales and numerous bentonites. Several bentonite layers appear to be continuous regionally, and compositional analyses suggest that they may be useful in stratigraphic correlation. Detailed organic geochemical analyses clearly differentiate the upper and lower Eagle Ford. The shales in the lower transgressive unit are organically enriched, exhibit higher generation potentials, and are more oil prone than shales in the overlying regressive interval. Even within the oil-prone intervals, there is considerable variation in geochemical attributes. This work raises concerns about uncritically equating {open_quotes}condensed sections{close_quotes} with source rock potential.

  20. Sequence stratigraphic elements and geochemical variable within a {open_quotes}condensed section{close_quotes}: Eagle Ford Group, East-Central Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Liro, L.M.; Dawson, W.C.; Katz, B.J.; Robison, V.D. [Texaco EPTD, Houston, TX (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Cenomanian-Turonian Eagle Ford Group, the likely source of oil for the East Texas field, is exposed along a broad belt in Central and northeastern Texas. Detailed analysis of Eagle Ford outcrops in Central Texas reveals considerable lithologic variability at several different scales. A lower section is interpreted to represent transgressive, in part {open_quotes}condensed{close_quotes} deposits, whereas the overlying section is interpreted as a highstand deposit. This sequence stratigraphic framework is suggested by stratigraphic and geochemical evidence. The lower portion of the measured Eagle Ford Group outcrops contain dark shales with a blocky character. These shales exhibit minor bioturbation and are well laminated. A few bentonites are evident in this portion of the section but are not as significant as in the overlying unit. Above this interval, the Eagle Ford changes character dramatically, exhibiting a series of interbedded carbonate flagstones, recessive shales, and numerous bentonites. Several bentonite layers appear to be continuous regionally, and compositional analyses suggest that they may be useful in stratigraphic correlation. Detailed organic geochemical analyses clearly differentiate the upper and lower Eagle Ford. The shales in the lower transgressive unit are organically enriched, exhibit higher generation potentials, and are more oil-prone than shales in the overlying regressive interval. Even within the oil-prone intervals there is considerable variation in geochemical attributes. This work raises concerns about uncritically equating {open_quotes}condensed sections{close_quotes} with source rock potential.

  1. Did the Mississippian Lodgepole buildup at Dickinson Field (North Dakota) form as a gas seep ({open_quotes}vent{close_quotes}) community?

    SciTech Connect

    Longman, M.W.

    1996-10-01

    The Lower Mississippian Lodgepole carbonate buildup reservoir at Dickinson Field in Stark County, North Dakota, has been widely reported as being a Waulsortian (or Waulsortian-like) mound. The term {open_quotes}Waulsortian mound{close_quotes} is used for a variety of Early Mississippian carbonate buildups that share a number of features including an abundance of carbonate mud, a {open_quotes}framework{close_quotes} of organisms such as fenestrate bryozoans and crinoids that tended to trap or baffle sediment, and a general absence of marine-cemented reef framework. Although the age of the Lodgepole mound at Dickinson Field qualifies it to be a Waulsortian mound, petrographic study of cores reveals that the reservoir rocks are quite unlike those in true Waulsortian mounds. Instead of being dominated by carbonate mud, the Lodgepole mound core is dominated by marine cement. Furthermore, ostracods and microbial limestones are common in the mound core where they occur with crinoid debris and small amounts of bryozoan, coral, and brachiopod debris. The abundant microbial limestones and marine cement indicate that the Dickinson mound formed as a lithified reef on the sea floor rather than as a Waulsortian mud mound. The microbial limestones, marine cement, and common ostracods in the mount core, and the fact that the mound nucleated almost directly o top of the Bakken Shale, suggest that the Dickinson Lodgepole mound formed at the site of a submarine spring and gas seep.

  2. Comment on [open quotes]Weathering, plants, and the long-term carbon cycle[close quotes] by Robert A. Berner

    SciTech Connect

    Jackson, T.A. (National Water Research Inst., Burlington, Ontario (Canada))

    1993-05-01

    Berner (1992) has asserted that Jackson and Keller (1970a) misinterpreted the conspicuous reddish crust which forms on young lava flows in areas of rock surface colonised by the lichen Stereocaulon vulcani (but not in adjacent areas of bare rock) in regions of high rain fall on the Island of Hawaii. Jackson (1968) and Jackson and Keller (1970a,b) concluded from the results of a thorough interdisiplinary investigation employing a wide spectrum of techniques and information that his reddish coating, is an intensely leached weathering crust formed in situ, and that biochemical activities of the lichen or its associated microflora not only accelerate the chemical weathering of the rock by orders of magnitude but also determine the specific mineralogical and chemical properties of the weathering products. Berner, however, maintained that the reddish crust is in reality a deposit of [open quotes]wind-blown soil dust[close quotes] entrapped by a sticky organic substance secreted by the lichen. Berner fixed his attention on just one aspect of the many-sided body of interrelated data on which the conclusions of Jackson and Keller are founded-the observation that the weathering crust is much thicker on lichen-covered rock surfaces than on lichen-free [open quotes]control[close quotes] areas of the same rock. The totality of published evidence overwhelmingly supports the conclusions of Jackson and Keller an demonstrates that Berner's rival hypothesis is untenable.

  3. Quote of the day: It is truly wonderful how love-telling

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Matthew

    1 Quote of the day: It is truly wonderful how love-telling the small voices of the woods are, how selection ­ Mask movement ­ Minimize declining interest Song Sparrow Song DialectsSong Dialects · Within

  4. DRAFT 11/09/2010 PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)

    E-print Network

    DRAFT 11/09/2010 PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) HeAlTHy InDooR envICALS) .................................................................................................. 3 OzONE

  5. Why Did NASDAQ Market Makers Stop Avoiding Odd-Eighth Quotes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM G. CHRISTIE; JEFFREY H. HARRIS; PAUL H. SCHULTZ

    1994-01-01

    On May 26 and 27, 1994, several national newspapers reported the findings of W. Christie and P. Schultz (1994) who cannot reject the hypothesis that marketmakers of active NASDAQ stocks implicitly colluded to maintain spreads of at least $0.25 by avoiding odd-eighth quotes. On May 27, dealers in Amgen, Cisco Systems, and Microsoft sharply increased their use of odd-eighth quotes,

  6. Multiple recurrence of trisomy 21 in two Bedouin families: Parental gonadal mosaicism or {open_quotes}aneuploidy{close_quotes} gene effect?

    SciTech Connect

    Farag, T.I.; Murthy, D.S.K. [Kuwait Medical Genetics Centre, Sulibikhat (Kuwait)

    1994-09-01

    Two unrelated multiplex Down syndrome families is reported in Kuwait among the highly inbred population with Bedouin ancestors. Each family showed recurrent aneuploidies in three sibs with regular trisomy 21. Recurrent regular trisomy 21 in two or more siblings of healthy, normal parents (parental age <35 years) occurs rarely. Several possible etiological factors for recurrent aneuploidy have been suggested. The recurrence risks for regular trisomy 21 based on livebirth and prenatal diagnosis data were estimated at 1% - 2% for young women. However, there are no estimates for multiple recurrence of regular trisomy 21 in the young parents (<35 years). Clustering of trisomy 21 and trisomy 18 have been observed in Bedouin tribal population. The possibility of parental gonadal mosaicism and/or a possibility of an {open_quotes}aneuploidy gene{close_quotes} effect should be considered in practical genetic counselling of families with multiple recurrence of trisomy 21.

  7. Review of the NAS/NRC report: {open_quotes}Groundwater at Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?{close_quotes}. Special report No. 1

    SciTech Connect

    Archambeau, C.B.

    1992-12-01

    There are three basic and serious problems that produce disagreement with the conclusions and recommendations of the Academy report entitled {open_quotes}Groundwater at Yucca Mountain: How high can it rise?{close_quotes}. These are: First, the report ignores a considerable body of critical data relating to the ages and nature of hydrothermal alterations at the site; second, many of the strong conclusions expressed in the report are not reasonably supported by the evidence presented and, in some cases, are inconsistent with data and results available to the committee but which are not cited or used by them; and finally, there are statements describing field relationships and data that are not consistent with the facts or are made in such a way as to be misleading.

  8. Dispersion morphology diagram for three-phase, [open quotes]microemulsion[close quotes] emulsions and comparison to predictions from the two-phase dispersion morphology diagram

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, D.H. (Department of Energy, Morgantown, WV (United States) Univ. of Oklahoma, Norma, OK (United States)); Wang, Y.H.C. (EG G WASC, Inc., Morgantown, WV (United States))

    1994-07-21

    The phase-volume and component-concentration limits over which the oil-rich top phase, middle-phase microemulsion, or water-rich bottom phase was the continuous phase in their steady-state, three-phase macroemulsions were determined by means of electrical conductivity measurements for the amphiphile/oil/[open quotes]water[close quotes] system C[sub 4]H[sub 9]OC[sub 2]H[sub 4]OH/n-decane/aqueous 10 mM NaCl. The measured limits are consistent with predictions based on the dispersion morphology diagram for the two-phase regions that surround the tie triangle. 23 refs., 10 figs.

  9. Demand Forecasting Method for Build-To-Order Products Using Quote Information as an Advance Indicator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shimoda, Atsushi; Kosugi, Hidenori; Karino, Takafumi; Komoda, Norihisa

    A method of forecasting shipping number of parts is proposed for build-to-order products using quote information in pre-sales as an advance indicator. As the target shipping number of parts changes irregularity in a short cycle, it is difficult to forecast with conventional methods. In case of build-to-order product, quote information is useful for forecasting multiplying by order probability. But the problem is how to identify the order probability includes unobservable noise. The method assumes the noise as normal random number and corrects it with Kalman filter. The shipping number is calculated using identified order probability and previous quoted information. The method was evaluated using 78 types of parts of an information equipment product. Experimental result demonstrates that shipping number of parts whose average rate of change are less than 0.4 can be estimated with 28.2% of mean absolute percent error, making the method available for forecasting the target shipping number.

  10. Low-speed limit of Bohr{close_quote}s stopping-power formula

    SciTech Connect

    Sigmund, P. [Physics Department, Odense University, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)] [Physics Department, Odense University, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)

    1996-10-01

    Bohr{close_quote}s classical (nonrelativistic) model of charged-particle stopping is evaluated explicitly for arbitrary values of projectile charge and speed. This removes the logarithmic cutoff from the original expression and generates a stopping formula which can be utilized also to extend the range of practical applicability of Bloch{close_quote}s theory. As expected such a formulation appears to be a better starting point than the Born approximation for estimating stopping powers of heavy ions at velocities {ital v}{lt}{ital Z}{sub 1}{ital e}{sup 2}/{h_bar}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  11. August 22, 2007 Working Paper Not to Be Quoted Without Permission of the Authors

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    the perceived weaknesses of financial markets--unlike U.S. regulators. Germans also expected banks to save1 August 22, 2007 ­ Working Paper Not to Be Quoted Without Permission of the Authors Banks on Board: Banks in German and American Corporate Governance, 1870-1914 Jeffrey Fear, Global Business, University

  12. 10/28/2001 1 DRAFT Do Not Quote Regionalism versus Globalization in the Americas

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    10/28/2001 1 DRAFT Do Not Quote Regionalism versus Globalization in the Americas: Empirical ABSTRACT Trade liberalization across the Americas holds the potential to substantially improve living. Our results support the notion that regionalism in the Americas is beneficial to member economies

  13. Nanotechnology the debate all direct quotes from: The Social and Economic Challenges of

    E-print Network

    Moeck, Peter

    1 Nanotechnology ­ the debate all direct quotes from: The Social and Economic Challenges of Nanotechnology, ISBN 0-86226-294-1. Economic & Social Research Council of UK government one end: clear to become realms of human endeavor" G.H. Reynolds, Forward to the Future: Nanotechnology and regulatory

  14. DETERMINANTS OF INTANGIBLES ASSETS DISCLOSURE IN ANNUAL REPORT: EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIAN QUOTED COMPANIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alade Sule Omoye

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the possible factors that can influence companies in Nigeria to disclose intangible assets in their annual reports to stakeholders. The study used 65 randomly selected quoted companies over a period of five (5) years (2006-2010). In identify the possible firm's specific characteristics that would influence Nigerian companies' decision to disclose intangible assets for its stakeholders; descriptive statistics,

  15. Inverse scattering from arbitrary two-dimensional objects in stratified environments via a Green{close_quote}s operator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James W. Wiskin; D. T. Borup; S. A. Johnson

    1997-01-01

    An important problem in geophysics, medical imaging, and nondestructive imaging today is the construction of a practical, accurate, and efficient means of imaging geophysical anomalies, tumours, or material defects in layered media. This paper discusses such a method. The use of a {open_quotes}stratified Green{close_quote}s function{close_quotes} for the solution of the forward problem is detailed. This forward problem is then incorporated

  16. Volume II solicitation package for solicitation no. 522887-5422 {open_quotes}site electrical replacements & substation{close_quotes} subproject: 69 KV substation

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1991-05-03

    This solicitation is for the U.S. Department of Energy under Prime Contract No. DE-AC04-88-DP43495 with EG&G Mound Applied Technologies. Ohio Sales or Use taxes are not to be included in the proposal price. Applicable taxes due or owing to the State of Ohio will be paid by the buyer under Direct Payment Permit No. 98-002230. Refer to Form ML-2487, General Provisions, Article 24, {open_quotes}Federal, State & Local Taxes{close_quotes}. Sellers are advised that purchases of building and construction materials for incorporation into a structure or improvement to a real property which is accepted for ownership by the United States or one of its agencies are exempt from Ohio Sales and Use taxes. Unnecessarily elaborate brochures or other presentations beyond those sufficient to present a complete and effective response to this solicitation are not desired and may be construed as an indication of the seller`s lack of cost consciousness. Elaborate art work, expensive paper and binding, and expensive visual and other presentation aids are neither necessary nor wanted.

  17. [open quotes]Varve[close quotes] counting vs. tephrochronology and [sup 137]Cs and [sup 210]Pb dating: A comparative test at Skilak Lake, Alaska

    SciTech Connect

    Stihler, S.D.; Stone, D.B.; Beget, J.E. (Univ. of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK (United States))

    1992-11-01

    The age of recently deposited sediments in Skilak Lake has previously been estimated only by counting [open quotes]varves[close quotes]. We measured the sedimentation rate of Skilak Lake using two radionuclides, [sup 137]Cs and [sup 210]Pb, and found it to be about an order of magnitude lower than previous estimates based on varve counts. We also identified several tephras through a combination of visual inspection, core X-radiographs, observation of variations of the magnetic susceptibility, intensity of magnetization of the unconsolidated sediments, and microprobe analyses of volcanic glass shards. Tephrochronologic dates using matches with the Katmai 1912 tephra and an Augustine tephra from 500-550 yr B.P. are in good agreement with the sedimentation rate estimates based on the radioisotope data, and indicate that the rhythmite layers at Skilak Lake are not annual varves. These new estimates of sedimentation rate reaffirm that care is needed in varve dating and require that earlier work on sunspot and climate changes thought to have been recorded in the Skilak Lake sediments be reevaluated. 16 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Fourier transform investigation and {open_quotes}Ritz{close_quotes} analysis of the torsion-rotation far-infrared spectrum of O-18 methanol

    SciTech Connect

    Zhao, S.; Lees, R.M. [Univ. of New Brunswick, Fredericton (Canada); Moruzzi, G. [Universita di Pisa (Italy)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    This is a fundamental study of the torsion-rotation energy level manifold of the ground vibrational state of CH{sub 3}{sup 18}OH. The spectra, ranging from 15-470 cm{sup -1} with a resolution of 0.002 cm{sup -1}, have been recorded at the Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics of the National Research Council in Ottawa and the Physical Chemistry Institute of Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, Giessen. Both the {open_quotes}Ritz{close_quotes} global fitting program and spreadsheet tables for individual subbands have been used in this study. More than 7,000 lines and 1,800 levels of A torsional symmetry, and 10,000 lines and 2,500 levels of E symmetry have so far been assigned and evaluated. As well, interactions involving {Delta}K = 1, {Delta}K = 2 and {Delta}K = 4 perturbations have been observed and analyzed. This study is helpful in providing a comprehensive data set with which to test models for the theoretical analysis of asymmetric top molecules with internal rotation. It has also been very useful in supplying solid ground-state combination differences required for the investigation of excited vibrational states, and the ground-state links needed to form closed combination loops in the assignment of optically-pumped FIR laser emission.

  19. Depositional environment and distribution of Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica to West Africa

    SciTech Connect

    Erlich, R.N.; Sofer, Z. (Amoco Overseas Exploration Company, Houston, TX (United States)); Pratt, L.M. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)); Palmer, S.E. (Amoco Research Company, Tulsa, OK (United States))

    1993-02-01

    Late Cretaceous [open quotes]source rocks[close quotes] from Costa Rica, western and eastern Venezuela, and Trinidad were studied using organic and inorganic geochemistry, biostratigraphy, and sedimentology in order to determine their depositional environments. Bulk mineralogy and major element geochemistry for 304 samples were combined with Rock Eval data and extract biomaker analysis to infer the types and distributions of the various Late Cretaceous productivity systems represented in the dataset. When data from this study are combined with published and proprietary data from offshore West Africa, Guyana/Suriname, and the central Caribbean, they show that these Late Cretaceous units can be correlated by their biogeochemical characteristics to establish their temporal and spatial relationships. Paleogeographic maps constructed for the early to late Cenomanian, Turonian, Coniacian to middle Santonian, and late Santonian to latest Campanian show that upwelling and excessive fluvial runoff were probably the dominant sources of nutrient supply to the coastal productivity systems. The late Santonian to Maastrichtian rocks examined in this study indicate that organic material was poorly preserved after deposition, even though biologic productivity remained constant or changed only slightly. A rapid influx of oxygenated bottom water may have occurred following the opening of a deep water connection between the North and South Atlantic oceans, and/or separation of India from Africa and the establishment of an Antarctic oceanic connection. This study suggests that the most important factors that controlled source rock quality in northern South America were productivity, preservation, degree of clastic dilution, and subsurface diagenesis.

  20. Characterization of the gene encoding nitrite reductase and the physiological consequences of its expression in the nondenitrifying Rhizobium {open_quotes}hedysari{close_quotes} strain HCNT1

    SciTech Connect

    Toffanin, A.; Shapleigh, J.P.; Maskus, M. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)] [and others

    1996-11-01

    Rhizobium {open_quotes}hedysari{close_quotes} HCNT1 is an unclassified rhizobium which contains a nitric oxide-producing nitrite reductase but is apparently incapable of coupling the reduction of nitrite to energy conservation. The gene encoding the nitrite reductase, nirK, has been cloned and sequenced and was found to encode a protein closely related to the copper-containing family of nitrite reductases. Unlike other members of this family, nirK expression in HCNT1 is not dependent on the presence of nitrogen oxides, being dependent only on oxygen concentration. Oxygen respiration of microaerobically grown Nir-deficient cells is not affected by concentrations of nitrite that completely inhibit oxygen respiration in wild-type cells. This loss of sensitivity suggests that the product of nitrite reductase, nitric oxide, is responsible for inhibition of oxygen respiration. By using a newly developed chemically modified electrode to detect nitric oxide, it was found that nitrite reduction by HCNT1 produces significantly higher nitric oxide concentrations than are observed in true denitrifiers. This indicates that nitrite reductase is the only nitrogen oxide reductase active in HCNT1. The capacity to generate such large concentrations of freely diffusible nitric oxide as a consequence of nitrite respiration makes HCNT1 unique among bacteria. 33 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Linkage disequilibrium in the insulin gene region: Size variation at the 5{prime} flanking polymorphism and bimodality among {open_quotes}Class I{close_quotes} alleles

    SciTech Connect

    McGinnis, R.E.; Spielman, R.S. [Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    1994-09-01

    The 5{prime} flanking polymorphism (5{prime}FP), a hypervariable region at the 5{prime} end of the insulin gene, has {open_quotes}class 1{close_quotes} alleles (650-900 bp long) that are in positive linkage disequilibrium with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). The authors report that precise sizing of the 5{prime}FP yields a bimodal frequency distribution of class 1 allele lengths. Class 1 alleles belonging to the lower component (650-750 bp) of the bimodal distribution were somewhat more highly associated with IDDM than were alleles from the upper component (760-900 bp), but the difference was not statistically significant. They also examined 5{prime}FP length variation in relation to allelic variation at nearby polymorphisms. At biallelic RFLPs on both sides of the 5{prime}FP, they found that one allele exhibits near-total association with the upper component of the 5FP class 1 distribution. Such associations represent a little-known but potentially wide-spread form of linkage disequilibrium. In this type of disequilibrium, a flanking allele has near-complete association with a single mode of VNTR alleles whose lengths represent consecutive numbers of tandem repeats (CNTR). Such extreme disequilibrium between a CNTR mode and flanking alleles may originate and persist because length mutations at some VNTR loci usually add or delete only one or two repeat units. 22 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. [open quotes]2-Step[close quotes] log analysis of the Spellacy reservoir in the giant Midway-Sunset Field, Kern County, California

    SciTech Connect

    Sturm, D.H. (Santa Fe Energy Resources, Bakersfield, CA (United States))

    1996-01-01

    A technique is presented for simple, effective log analysis of (Miocene) [open quotes]Spellacy[close quotes] sands and conglomerates of the Santa Margarita Formation at Midway-Sunset Field in Kern County, California. Results are shown graphically on the log display and are quantified for mapping. Requirements are digital wireline data -- in this simple case, just resistivity and porosities - and flexible log analysis software such as QLA2[trademark]. The first step of this technique discriminates between reservoir-quality and non-reservoir-quality intervals yielding three color-coded categories. A narrow color-filled column is added to the well log display to graphically communicate the vertical distribution of reservoir-quality and barrier intervals. The second step performs a fluid analysis on the reservoir-quality category (intervals) yielding three more color-coded categories. The results of the fluid analysis are graphically displayed in a second narrow color-filled column on the well log. Analysis results are captured from a tabular report for mapping. Quantifiable products include (1) thicknesses: original net pay, current net pay, reservoir quality, total sand, total porosity, phi-H, etc.; (2) averages: original net pay porosity; current net pay porosity, current net pay saturation, current net pay bulk volume oil, etc.; and (3) ratios: thickness of reservoir quality to total sand and thickness of current net pay to total interval.

  3. The importance of applying [open quotes]intuition factors[close quotes] to reservoir volume calculations: A case study in Wilburton Field, Arkoma Basin, southeastern Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect

    Wray, L.L. (Amoco Production Co., Denver, CO (United States))

    1996-01-01

    Calculating or extrapolating accurate reservoir parameters for recoverable reserve determinations is often difficult. Average porosities determined from logs can be incorrect due either to tool resolution in thin beds, wellbore rugosity, or faulty tool calibration. Water saturation estimates can vary depending upon the availability of measured or calculated Rw values. Reservoir thickness and aerial extent are only as accurate as the isopach maps from which they are derived. Measured reservoir pressures can be low in tight gas formations due to inadequate build-up times. Only formation temperature and abandonment pressure are more reliable numbers. Characterization of the Spiro Sandstone reservoir in Wilburton Field, southeastern Oklahoma, requires the utilization of various [open quotes]intuition factors[close quotes]. Extreme heterogeneity resulting from both depositional and diagenetic variability presents problems in accurately assessing pore volume calculations. By relying upon a systematic approach which allows scientific intuition to be merged with measured reservoir parameters, it is possible to predict economic and uneconomic results of proposed infill drilling locations.

  4. Depositional facies and porosity development at Coon Creek Field (Newman [open quotes]Big Lime[close quotes]), Leslie County, Kentucky

    SciTech Connect

    Moshier, S.O. (Wheaton College, IL (United States)); Stamper, M.E. (Equitable Resources Exploration, Kingsport, TN (United States))

    1994-08-01

    Coon Creek field is a significant petroleum reservoir in the [open quotes]Big Lime[close quotes], Middle to Upper Mississippian Newman equivalent, in southeastern Kentucky. Initial production from select wells has exceeded 600 bbl of oil/day at drilling depths averaging 915 m (3300 ft). Facies patterns, dolomitization, porosity, and structure in this carbonate reservoir have been delineated by geophysical logs, subsurface mapping, and examination of cores and cuttings. The reservoir is set within a localized paleotopographic low on the unconformable surface of the underlying siliciclastic Borden Group; the Borden surface can express rapid relief of over a 10% grade within less than 300 m. Transgression across the exposed Borden surface resulted in the deposition of a complex system of carbonates lithofacies. Crinoidal dolostones, representing shallow subtidal skeletal bars and banks, form the basal Big Lime (1.5-6 m thick). They are overlain by a typical facies (30 m thick) of bryozoan grainstones/packstones, crinoid grainstones, and mixed skeletal wakestones/mudstones. The rybryozoanacies are characterized by unfragmented fenestrates cemented by radiaxial-fibrous calcite. Stratigraphic distributions indicate the bryozoan facies were broad buildups with crinoidal flank and cap deposits and muddy skeletal off-mount facies, similar to deeper water Waulsortian mounds in other basins. Pellet and ooid grainstones represent moderate- to high-energy subtidal shoal deposits that covered the mound complex. Hydrocarbon production is restricted in the field to the crinoid-bryozoan facies complex within the basal 30 m. Reservoir porosity and permeability have been enhanced by selective dolomitization of grainstones and fracturing related to postdepositional reactivation of basement faults.

  5. What should i understand?: the concept of shift of understanding, a quote-based analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gatan Mourmant; Katerina Voutsina

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we address an under-investigated thematic area of Information Technology (IT) personnel turnover literature: IT Entrepreneurial Turnover. Following a Grounded Theory Methodological approach, we introduce the following concept: 'Shift of Understanding' (SoU). We develop this concept through the analysis of 57 interviews, completed by the analysis of over 200 famous quotes from authors\\/entrepreneurs. A SoU occurred after a

  6. Effects of in-use driving conditions and vehicle/engine operating parameters on [open quotes]off-cycle[close quotes] events: Comparison with Federal test procedure conditions

    SciTech Connect

    St. Denis, M.J.; Cicero-Fernandez, P.; Winer, A.M. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)); Butler, J.W.; Jesion, G. (Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States))

    1994-01-01

    This study provides a direct evaluation of real-time, on-road vehicle and engine operating parameters, and investigates their relationship to rich open-loop (or [open quotes]off-cycle[close quotes]) emissions for a 1991 Ford Taurus driven in morning and evening commute hours over a matrix of eight freeway and eight urban routes in California's South Coast Air Basin. Frequency of rich open-loop operation for these routes during commute hours was 0.003 percent and 0.007 percent, respectively. The maximum frequency of rich open-loop operation occurred during off-peak hours, merging, and on a steep grade. The available data show there can be large variances in the frequency of open-loop operation between manufacturers, and from vehicle-to-vehicle for the same manufacturer (even with the same engine). Comparison of mode analysis for the FTP and on-road routes found higher percentages of time at stop (19.1 versus 12.7 percent), cruise (25.1 versus 18.5 percent) and in hard decelerations (3.4 versus 1.9 percent); comparable amounts of time in medium accelerations (0.85 versus 1.03 percent) and 0.7 percent of the time coasting in the FTP, whereas coasting was observed an average of 5.6 percent of the time on-road. Hard accelerations (i.e., near or at wide open throttle) did not occur in the FTP but were observed 0.007 percent of the time on-road. Comparison of the on-road data to the FTP as a function of velocity, acceleration and probability, showed the FTP overestimated the time at stop and at cruise between 25 and 35 mph, but underestimated accelerations and cruise between 40 and 50 mph and above 60 mph. The fuel economy measured during the FTP underestimated the observed fuel economy for the freeway and urban driving for both conservative and aggressive driver behavior by 25 and 8 percent, respectively. 24 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. Second Order draft Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group III Do Not Cite or Quote 1 Summary for Policy Makers

    E-print Network

    for Policy Makers Revised on 31/07/2006 3:00 PM Title: Summary for Policy Makers Chapter: SPM (Sub for Policy Makers 5 A. Without additional policies global GHG emissions will continue to grow over the next Not Cite or Quote 2 Summary for Policy Makers Revised on 31/07/2006 3:00 PM Global greenhouse gas emissions

  8. Introduction of artificial pinning centre in {open_quotes}Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8}{close_quotes} ceramics

    SciTech Connect

    Majewski, P.; Aldinger, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung, Stuttgart (Germany); Elschner, S. [Hoechst AG, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)] [and others

    1994-12-31

    Considering the phase equilibrium diagram of the system Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SrO-CaO-CuO, single phase {open_quotes}Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8}{close_quotes} ceramics have been transformed by a simple annealing procedure into multi phase samples. The transformation results in the formation of second phases and in an increase of the intra grain critical current density at 1 T of five times. This increase is believed to express improved pinning properties of the superconducting crystals. The prepared pinning centres are believed to be e.g. coherent precipitates (Guinier-Preston-zones) within the superconducting crystals.

  9. 3D architecture modeling of reservoir compartments in a Shingled Turbidite Reservoir using high-resolution seismic data and sparse well control, example from Mars [open quotes]Pink[close quotes] reservoir, Mississippi Canyon Area, Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Chapin, M.A.; Mahaffie, M.J.; Tiller, G.M. (Shell Exploration and Production Technology Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1996-01-01

    Economics of most deep-water development projects require large reservoir volumes to be drained with relatively few wells. The presence of reservoir compartments must therefore be detected and planned for in a pre-development stage. We have used 3-D seismic data to constrain large-scale, deterministic reservoir bodies in a 3-D architecture model of Pliocene-turbidite sands of the [open quotes]E[close quotes] or [open quotes]Pink[close quotes] reservoir, Prospect Mars, Mississippi Canyon Areas 763 and 807, Gulf of Mexico. Reservoir compartmentalization is influenced by stratigraphic shingling, which in turn is caused by low accommodation space predentin the upper portion of a ponded seismic sequence within a salt withdrawal mini-basin. The accumulation is limited by updip onlap onto a condensed section marl, and by lateral truncation by a large scale submarine erosion surface. Compartments were suggested by RFT pressure variations and by geochemical analysis of RFT fluid samples. A geological interpretation derived from high-resolution 3-D seismic and three wells was linked to 3-D architecture models through seismic inversion, resulting in a reservoir all available data. Distinguishing subtle stratigraphical shingles from faults was accomplished by detailed, loop-level mapping, and was important to characterize the different types of reservoir compartments. Seismic inversion was used to detune the seismic amplitude, adjust sandbody thickness, and update the rock properties. Recent development wells confirm the architectural style identified. This modeling project illustrates how high-quality seismic data and architecture models can be combined in a pre-development phase of a prospect, in order to optimize well placement.

  10. BID AND QUOTE LIMITS The University of Central Florida (UCF) has the authority to use contracts from other Universities, public and

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    BID AND QUOTE LIMITS The University of Central Florida (UCF) has the authority to use contracts-effective and in the best interest of the University. Purchasing can assist in the bid process if obtaining quotes becomes in the solicitation process. Minority businesses are those that are certified as minority-owned (African- American

  11. BID AND QUOTE LIMITS The University of Central Florida (UCF) has the authority to use contracts from other Universities, public and private,

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    BID AND QUOTE LIMITS The University of Central Florida (UCF) has the authority to use contracts-effective and in the best interest of the University. Purchasing can assist with the bid process if obtaining quotes becomes process. Minority businesses are those that are certified as minority-owned (African- American, Asian-American

  12. A Review of "Quoting Death in Early Modern England: The Poetics of Epitaphs Beyond the Tomb" by Scott L. Newstok

    E-print Network

    Bentley, Greg

    2010-01-01

    , encourages us to take a second look at the enchanted artifacts that remain. Scott L. Newstok. Quoting Death in Early Modern England: The Poetics of Epitaphs Beyond the Tomb. New York: Palgrave, 2009. Xiv + 228 pp. + 13 illus. $80.00. Review by greg... bentley, mississippi state university. Individual and cultural responses to death were varied and numer- ous in early modern England, and the commentaries on death since then have been equally varied and numerous. So much so that the 174 seventeenth...

  13. Another bogus isomer: Sic transit [open quotes]green Mo[sub 2]Cl[sub 4](PMePh[sub 2])[sub 4][close quotes]. The X-ray crystal structure determination of MoOCl[sub 3](OPMePh[sub 2])[sub 2][center dot]C[sub 6]H[sub 6

    SciTech Connect

    Cotton, F.A. (Texas A M Univ., College Station (United States)); Kohli, M.; Luck, R.L. (American Univ., Washington, DC (United States)); Silverton, J.V. (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States))

    1993-04-28

    The recent debunking of one example (and by implication others) of so-called [open quotes]bond-stretch[close quotes] or [open quotes]distortional[close quotes] isomers involving M[double bond]O bonds has caused reconsideration of another case of alleged isomerism, namely the blue and green [open quotes]isomers[close quotes] of Mo[sub 2]Cl[sub 4](PMePh[sub 2])[sub 4] reported by Carmona-Guzman and Wilkinson and apparently supported by some more recent observations. The authors now report simple observations that reveal the true nature of the [open quotes]green isomer.[close quotes] These results are based on more careful examinations of [sup 1]H NMR spectra of the green material synthesized under slightly different conditions and a single-crystal diffraction study on material that crystallized out of a benzene solution of the green material. As a result of these studies, it is concluded that the [open quotes]green isomer[close quotes] is simply the blue Mo[sub 2]Cl[sub 4](PMePh[sub 2])[sub 4] species contaminated with MoOCl[sub 3](OPMePh[sub 2])[sub 2], MoOCl[sub 2](PMePh[sub 2])[sub 3], and possibly trans-[MoCl[sub 4](PMePh[sub 2])[sub 2

  14. Unexpected {open_quotes}expanding source{close_quotes} velocity scaling of light and intermediate-mass charged products from binary {sup 209}Bi+{sup 135}Xe collisions at E{sub lab}/A=28MeV

    SciTech Connect

    Toke, J.; Baldwin, S.P.; Quendau, B.M. [and others

    1995-04-01

    Light and Intermediate-Mass charged products from the reaction {sup 209}Bi+{sup 136}Xe at E{sub lab}/A = 28 MeV were measured in coincidence with massive remnants of projectile-like fragments. Emission patterns of these products are seen to exhibit signatures of two distinct mechanisms - decay of equilibrated primary partners of essentially binary collisions, and dynamical emission from an inter-fragment {open_quotes}participant{close_quotes} zone. For small degrees of kinetic-energy damping, the pattern associated with the former mechanism shows isotropic emission from the two massive reaction partners, while at higher degrees of damping, a very moderate in-versus out-of plane anisotropy becomes discernible. For a given emitter temperature, scaling of the most probable emission velocities of LCP`s and IMF`s with Coulomb barrier and product mass is seen to exhibit a peculiar off-set of approximately 1.4 cm/ns, the same for projectile-and target-like sources.

  15. Use of geostatistic techniques to describe a reservoir to be submitted into a secondary recovery process field case: {open_quotes}Eocene B-Inferior/VLG-3659, Ceuta, Venezuela{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Hernandez, T.; Poquioma, W. [Maraven, S.A., Caracas (Venezuela)

    1997-08-01

    This study presents the results of an integrated reservoir study of the Eocene B-Inferior/VLG-3659, Area 7, Ceuta filed. This field located in the Maracaibo Lake in the western side of Venezuela. The objective was to evaluating the feasibility to implement a secondary recovery project by means of water flooding. Core information was used for this study (194 ft), PVT analysis, RFI, build-up and statistic`s pressure analysis, modem logs and production history data. Using geostatistical techniques (Kriging) it was defined a low uncertainty geological model that was validated by means of a black oil simulator (Eclipse). The results showed a good comparison of historical pressure of the reservoir against those obtained from the model, without the need of {open_quotes}history matching{close_quotes}. It means without modifying neither the initial rock properties nor reservoir fluids. The results of this study recommended drilling in two new locations, also the reactivation of four producing wells and water flooding under peripherical array by means of four injection wells, with the recovery of an additional 30.2 MMSTB. The economical evaluation shows an internal return rate of 31.4%.

  16. 11q23 Translocations split the [open quotes]AT-hook[close quotes] cruciform DNA-binding region and the transcriptional repression domain from the activation domain of the mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene

    SciTech Connect

    Zeleznik-Le, N.J.; Harden, A.M.; Rowley, J.D. (Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States))

    1994-10-25

    Translocations involving chromosome band 11q23, found in acute lymphoid and myeloid leukemias, disrupt the MLL gene. This gene encodes a putative transcription factor with homology to the zinc fingers and other domains of the Drosophila trithorax gene product and to the [open quotes]AT-hook[close quotes] motif of high mobility group proteins. To map potential transcriptional activation or repression domains of the MLL protein, yeast GAL4 DNA-binding domain and MLL hybrid protein-expressing plasmids were cotransfected with chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter plasmids in a transient transfection system. We found that MLL contains a strong activation domain and a repression domain. The former, located telomeric (3[prime]) to the breakpoint region, activated transcription 18-fold to >200-fold, depending on the promoter and cell line used for transfection. A repression domain that repressed transcription 4-fold was located centromeric (5[prime]) to the breakpoint region of MLL. The MLL AT-hook domain protein was expressed in bacteria and was utilized in a gel mobility shift assay to assess DNA-binding activity. The MLL AT-hook domain could bind cruciform DNA, recognizing structure rather than sequence of the target DNA. In translocations involving MLL, loss of an activation domain with retention of a repression domain and a DNA-binding domain on the der(11) chromosome could alter the expression of downstream target genes, suggesting a potential mechanism of action for MLL in leukemia. 35 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Structural/stratigraphic reconstruction of frontal [open quotes]Choctaw[close quotes] triangle zone within Oklahoma Atoka Trend - early controls (Prethrusting) on deposition of deep-water clastic reservoirs

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, D.; Foshee, R. (Seagull Mid-South Inc., Shreveport, LA (United States))

    1993-09-01

    A structural and stratigraphic study in southwestern Oklahoma, encompassing approximately 30 townships in Atoka, Coal, and Pittsburg counties, was done using several hundred wells, surface geologic maps, and more than 400 mi of 1980 seismic data. Isopach maps of six Atokan sands covered various areas, all within a deep-water fan setting. Structural balancing, done on numerous geologic cross sections of six mi or less, allowed correlation of logs of the various reservoirs and structural details within the frontal [open quotes]Choctaw[close quotes] triangle zone. Two regional cross sections were made based, respectively. on 12 and 16 mi or recent high-fold common-depth-point seismic lines, with a minimum of one-well-per-mile control, diameter data, and surface geology. These cross sections were reconstructed by line balancing to illustrate the amount of thrusting in the section and the pre-Pennsylvanian normal faulting that subtly controlled the Atoka sands depositional framework. The thickest and most channelized sands are found downthrown to these earlier faults, with is past relationship now obscured by post-Atokan thrusting.

  18. The words are given in the Sanskrit order. Double quotes indicate the tech-nical translation chosen, as opposed to the literal translation of a word or ex-

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chapter 1 Glossary The words are given in the Sanskrit order. Double quotes indicate the tech, is the "longitude". Sth¯an¯antara is a different place. In common sanskrit it means particular, as in up

  19. Forthcoming in History and Philosophy of Logic, Special Issue on Frege, S. Costreie, guest editor. DRAFT--PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE!

    E-print Network

    Reck, Erich H.

    of logicism, he is only mentioned occasionally; instead, Gottlob Frege and BertrandForthcoming in History and Philosophy of Logic, Special Issue on Frege, S. Costreie, guest editor. DRAFT--PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE! Frege, Dedekind

  20. Mutation in and lack of expression of tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) in melanocytes from an individual with brown oculocutaneous albinism: A new subtype of albinism classified as {open_quotes}OCA3{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Boissy, R.E.; Zhao, H.; Austin, L.M.; Boissy, Y.L.; Zhao, Y. [Univ. of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH (United States)] [and others

    1996-06-01

    Most types of human oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) result from mutations in the gene for tyrosinase (OCA1) or the P protein (OCA2), although other types of OCA have been described but have not been mapped to specific loci. Melanocytes were cultured from an African-American with OCA, who exhibited the phenotype of Brown OCA, and his normal fraternal twin. Melanocytes cultured from the patient with OCA and the normal twin appeared brown versus black, respectively. Melanocytes from both the patient with OCA and the normal twin demonstrated equal amounts of NP-40-soluble melanin; however, melanocytes from the patient with OCA contained only 7% of the amount of insoluble melanin found from the normal twin. Tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP-1) was not detected in the OCA melanocytes by use of various anti-TRP-1 probes. Furthermore, transcripts for TRP-1 were absent in cultured OCA melanocytes. The affected twin was homozygous for a single-bp deletion in exon 6, removing an A in codon 368 and leading to a premature stop at codon 384. Tyrosine hydroxylase activity of the OCA melanocytes was comparable to controls when assayed in cell lysates but was only 30% of controls when assayed in intact cells. We conclude that this mutation of the human TRP-1 gene affects its interaction with tyrosinase, resulting in dysregulation of tyrosinase activity, promotes the synthesis of brown versus black melanin, and is responsible for a third genetic type of OCA in humans, which we classify as {open_quotes}OCA3.{close_quotes} 69 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  1. [open quotes]Cryptic[close quotes] repeating triplets of purines and pyrimidines (cRRY(i)) are frequent and polymorphic: Analysis of coding cRRY(i) in the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and TATA-binding protein (TBP) genes

    SciTech Connect

    Gostout, B.; Qiang Liu; Sommer, S.S. (Mayo Clinic/Foundation, Rochester, MN (United States))

    1993-06-01

    Triplets of the form of purine, purine, pyrimidine (RRY(i)) are enhanced in frequency in the genomes of primates, rodents, and bacteria. Some RRY(i) are [open quotes]cryptic[close quotes] repeats (cRRY(i)) in which no one tandem run of a trinucleotide predominates. A search of human GenBank sequence revealed that the sequences of cRRY(i) are highly nonrandom. Three randomly chosen human cRRY(i) were sequenced in search of polymorphic alleles. Multiple polymorphic alleles were found in cRRY(i) in the coding regions of the genes for proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and TATA-binding protein (TBP). The highly polymorphic TBP cRRY(i) was characterized in detail. Direct sequencing of 157 unrelated human alleles demonstrated the presence of 20 different alleles which resulted in 29--40 consecutive glutamines in the amino-terminal region of TBP. These alleles are differently distributed among the races. PCR was used to screen 1,846 additional alleles in order to characterize more fully the range of variation in the population. Three additional alleles were discovered, but there was no example of a substantial sequence amplification as is seen in the repeat sequences associated with X-linked spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy, myotonic dystrophy, or the fragile-X syndrome. The structure of the TBP cRRY(i) is conserved in the five monkey species examined. In the chimpanzee, examination of four individuals revealed that the cRRY(i) was highly polymorphic, but the pattern of polymorphism differed from that in humans. The TBP cRRY(i) displays both similarities with and differences from the previously described RRY(i) in the coding sequence of the androgen receptor. The data suggest how simple tandem repeats could evolve from cryptic repeats. 18 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

  2. Electronic stopping in a He-H{sub 2} mixture substantially exceeds Bragg{close_quote}s rule value

    SciTech Connect

    Golser, R.; Semrad, D. [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria)] [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria); Aumayr, F. [Institut fuer Allgemeine Physik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria)] [Institut fuer Allgemeine Physik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria)

    1996-04-01

    We measured the energy loss of 8 keV deuterons in mixtures of He and H{sub 2} gases using a time-of-flight technique. According to Bragg{close_quote}s rule the stopping cross section {var_epsilon} of a mixture of nonreacting gases should be the weighted average of the stopping cross sections of its constituents. Experimentally we find {var_epsilon} to exceed the Bragg value by more than 50{percent}. This can be traced to large differences in the electron capture and electron loss cross sections of He and H{sub 2}, respectively, that strongly enhance energy losses due to charge-changing collisions. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  3. Quotes on Caring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knowledge Quest, 2012

    2012-01-01

    In this article, school librarians from Henrico County Public Schools in Virginia [the AASL 2011 National School Library Programs of the Year (NSLPY) Award recipient] share some of their experiences caring for students in their libraries.

  4. Student Quotes Personal Growth

    E-print Network

    Grether, Gregory

    . Organic Chemistry (14C and D). It was absolutely awful while I was in it. But I worked really hard at UCLA, but this class pushed me to actually learn how to study and to put in the time when it got hard Cluster: Sex and Gender... It taught me, my first quarter, how different fields in science can come

  5. Simple model of neutron {open_quote}{open_quote}halo nuclei{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sherr

    1996-01-01

    Analysis of experiments with radioactive beams from ⁶He to ²°C have yielded rms matter radii of neutron-rich nuclides. These radii increase more rapidly than {ital A}¹³, suggesting the existence of neutron halos. We have used a single-particle potential model to compute these radii by adding the radius of a valence neutron in quadrature with that of the core. This radius

  6. Rare kaon decays with {open_quote}{open_quote}missing energy{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. J. Marciano; Z. Parsa

    1996-01-01

    Rare kaon decays due to the loop-induced standard model operator {ital s}{vert_bar}{sub {ital L}}γ{sub μ}{ital d}{sub {ital L}}ν{vert_bar}{sub {ital L}}γ{sup μ}ν{sub {ital L}} are examined. Isospin-violating mass effects and electroweak radiative corrections are shown to reduce {ital B}({ital K}{sup +}{sup +}νν{vert_bar}) and {ital B}({ital K}{sub {ital L}}°νν{vert_bar}) relative to {ital B}({ital K}{sup +}°{ital e}{sup +}ν{sub {ital e}}) by 10% and

  7. Casati Dokic Philosophy of Sound (1994) Chapter 2 1/17 To quote this text: R.Casati, J. Dokic, 1994, La

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the recording of sound information by the means of the auditory system. Nor to just having the simple impressionCasati Dokic Philosophy of Sound (1994) Chapter 2 1/17 To quote this text: R.Casati, J. Dokic, 1994 the senses 2.1 Hearing as a sensory faculty Our access to sounds is quite specific: we hear them. But what

  8. Clarification re Civil Resistance A quote that I provided for the book "Times Up!" by Keith Farnish requires clarification. I reproduce

    E-print Network

    Hansen, James E.

    with responsibilities (3) Peaceful demonstration, specifically "civil resistance". Gandhi makes clear in his writings used the more popular phrase "civil disobedience". Specifically, note that I have not endorsed anarchyClarification re Civil Resistance A quote that I provided for the book "Times Up!" by Keith Farnish

  9. Direct Quote and Reference List Entry Faults and Errors in a Sample of Articles from the "American Educational Research Journal," Compared With Findings from Previous Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Arden; Hernandez, Nelda R.

    A study compared the nature and frequency of faults and errors in reference list entries and direct quotes selected from 78 articles in 8 issues of the "American Educational Research Journal" (AERJ) with authors sampled from 10 previously studied journals. All departures from the original (additions, omissions, or changes) were labeled as either a

  10. Quality of health care and patient satisfaction in liver disease: The development and preliminary results of the QUOTE-Liver questionnaire

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jolie J Gutteling; Robert A de Man; Busschbach van J. J; Anne-Sophie E Darlington

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Consensus on how to adequately measure patient satisfaction with health care is limited, and has led to the development of many questionnaires with various methodological problems. The objective of this study was to develop a liver disease- and care-specific patient satisfaction instrument on the basis of previously tested methodology in patient satisfaction measurement, the so called QUOTE- series: Quality

  11. 46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No. Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [§ 502.271(d)] of Part 502...Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [ 502.271(d )] of Part...

  12. 46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q... - Application for Refund or Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Waiver of Freight Charges Due to Tariff or Quoting Error No. Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [§ 502.271(d)] of Part 502...Freight Charges Pt. 502, Subpt. Q, Exh. 1 Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart Q [ 502.271(d )] of Part...

  13. Beyond Sound Bites and News Quotes: NSIDC's Arctic Sea Ice and News Analysis Web blog and Scientific Uncertainty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beitler, J.; Vizcarra, N.; Scambos, T. A.; Meier, W.

    2013-12-01

    The public, the media, and policymakers often turn to scientists for definite answers about Earth's changing climate. Researchers, in turn, offer observations with the caveat that there is always an amount of uncertainty in the data and the analysis. More or better data could modify trends. Random processes in Earth's most complex systems, like clouds, could contradict current theories about how they evolve and develop into weather systems that could put lives in danger. Often, these careful answers are reduced to a soundbite in TV or a quote in a newspaper report, and the public gets an answer, but the message of scientific uncertainty is almost always omitted. Arctic sea ice has long been recognized as a sensitive climate indicator, and has undergone a dramatic decline over the past thirty years. The National Snow and Ice Data Center has evolved into a top source for sea ice data and analysis. How does NSIDC respond to increasing questions about Arctic sea ice and climate and how does it communicate scientific uncertainty? This poster examines the ways that NSIDC's Arctic Sea Ice News and Analysis (ASINA) Web blog offers the public a transparent view of sea ice analysis, with discussions in scientific uncertainty that are lost in news reportage. It highlights the Web blog's interactive sea ice graph called ChArctic, which the pubic can use to explore sea ice data by year and make their own observations. It also discusses issues around the replacement of NSIDC's 20-year baseline with a new 30-year baseline for analyzing sea ice.

  14. 2010 the First Half of the Timber Industry Trend Analysis Quotes The tide began to recede by the financial tsunami, the dawn of hope can still be seen. The second half of 2009, with

    E-print Network

    2010 the First Half of the Timber Industry Trend Analysis Quotes By: Weihua The tide began? With the current domestic and international economic situation and the bamboo Quotes trends and try to make will continue, but less likely to macroeconomic second bottom, the recovery trend is irresistible. 2009

  15. Soft-x-ray laser interferometry of a plasma with a tabletop laser and a Lloyd{close_quote}s mirror

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Rocca; C. H. Moreno; M. C. Marconi; K. Kanizay

    1999-01-01

    We report what is believed to be the first demonstration of soft-x-ray interferometry of a plasma with a tabletop soft-x-ray laser. A Lloyd{close_quote}s mirror interferometer was used in combination with a very compact =46.9 nm capillary-discharge-pumped laser to map the electron density in the cathode region of a pinch plasma. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital Optical Society of America}

  16. Design and testing of a large-aperture, high-gain, Brewster{close_quote}s angle zigzag Nd:glass slab amplifier

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. J. Shoup; J. H. Kelly; D. L. Smith

    1997-01-01

    At the University of Rochester we have constructed and tested a large-aperture, (1.06.5 cm), high-gain (8) Brewster{close_quote}s angle zigzag Nd:glass amplifier with a repetition rate of 2 Hz. This amplifier has a gain uniformity of ±3% and a maximum stress-induced depolarization >2.5%. {copyright} 1997 Optical Society of America

  17. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}x-ray-absorption fine structure in embedded atoms{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Rehr; C. H. Booth; F. Bridges; S. I. Zabinsky

    1996-01-01

    We respond to the previous Comment concerning the evidence for a weak oscillatory structure in the atomic background absorption cross section in x-ray-absorption fine structure (XAFS). We show that improved background calculations which suppress muffin-tin discontinuities still exhibit fine structure comparable to that observed. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  18. Response to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Three-dimensional stability of drift vortices{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Nycander; V. P. Pavlenko; H. O. Akerstedt

    1996-01-01

    The three-dimensional stability of drift vortices is studied in the framework of the Hasegawa-Mima equation. The coupling of the vortex to ion-acoustic waves along the magnetic fields causes the three-dimensionality. It is concluded that this coupling does not significantly destabilize the vortex. (AIP) {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  19. BUILDING &QUOT;BRIDGES"; WITH QUALITY ASSURANCE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The papr describes how, rather than building "bridges" across centuries, quality assurance (QA) personnel have the opportunity to build bridges across technical disciplines, between public and private organizations, and between different QA groups. As reviewers and auditors of a...

  20. VIDEO: EMAP - &QUOT;AMERICA'S ECOLOGICAL REPORT CARD&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The EMAP program is part of ORD's response to SAB's recommendation and the EPA's call for "managing for results." MAP's goal is to monitor the condition of the nation's ecological resources. MAP data will enable us to evaluate the success of current policies and programs and iden...

  1. {open_quotes}Lure{close_quotes} North Korea

    SciTech Connect

    Park, M.Y.M.

    1994-12-31

    The author discusses the frustrations of the international community in dealing with North Korea after negotiation of the Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty. In the past, the international community has not been well prepared to deal with the North Korean obstinacy. It has repeatedly misjudged North Korean goals, South Korean Interests, and Japanese reactions. A new approach is proposed for the long run, that avoids coercion or appeasement. Economic incentives are suggested as the means to bring about changes in North Korean attitudes that will ultimately foster the desire for maintaining economic stability and well being rather than warlike independence. China and the former Soviet Union are not considered supportive of a warlike posture in North Korean but are making economic overtures to South Korea themselves. If the economic approach proves successful, it will enhance the chances of Korean unification by peaceful means and under democratic rule because time is on the side of democracy. In the long run nonproliferation will be achieved through unification.

  2. RESPONSE TO &QUOT;THE OPTIMAL FRAGMENTATION PRINCIPLE&QUOT;.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Response to "The Optimal Fragmentation Principle" To follow up on my comment to Dale Johnson and to respond to his entertaining and provocative letter, I confess to some frustration in seeing a show-and-tell of a sophisticated tool for data mining and exploration, without ...

  3. AIR TOXICS CONTROL &QUOT;SITUATION ROOM&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The paper describes one component of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) efforts to assist state and local environmental agencies and its own egional offices in response to their increased responsibilities for' planning, valuating, and approving control approaches for r...

  4. The thing about the quotes: \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carola Boehm

    This is a paper about the educational landscape of Music Technology in Britain. Betweening is a project funded by Palatine (Higher Education Academy). Its aim is to investigate and collate information about existing models for running degree courses related to the interdisciplinary field of music technology in higher education institutions in Britain. The gathering of this information will result in

  5. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}In-plane lattice reconstruction of Cu(001){close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Baddorf, A.P.; Swan, A.K.; Wendelken, J.F. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6030 (United States)

    1996-05-01

    A Comment on the Letter by S. M{umlt u}ller {ital et} {ital al}., Phys. Rev. Lett. {bold 75}, 2959 (1995). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  6. The {open_quotes}leak-before-break{close_quotes} applicability in decision support system {open_quotes}strength{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Torop, V.M.; Orynyak, I.V. [Institute for Problems of Strength, Kiev (Ukraine); Kutovoy, O.L. [Institute of Structure Integrity, Kiev (Ukraine)

    1997-04-01

    A software decision support system, STRENGTH, for application of leak before break analysis, is described. The background methodology and sample application are outlined. The program allows multioptional computation of loading parameters for different types of defects, and variable properties for metals and welded joints. Structural strength is assessed, and service life predictions are made. The program is used to analyze specific defects identified by nondestructive testing.

  7. The evolution of magnetic structures due to {open_quote}{open_quote}magnetosonic streaming{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. P. Ryutova; M. Kaisig; T. Tajima

    1996-01-01

    The Faraday effect in gasdynamics called acoustic streaming and its accompanying nonlinear phenomena have analogies in plasma magnetohydrodynamics. A natural place where these effects may occur is the solar atmosphere with its strongly inhomogeneous magnetic fields concentrated in random magnetic flux tubes. Unlike acoustic streaming in the usual gasdynamics, nonlinear phenomena consisting in the generation of plasma flows by an

  8. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way. PMID:25208840

  9. NPDES permit requirements in Gulf Coast exploration and production areas

    SciTech Connect

    Mundt, W.J. (R.W. Beck and Associates, Denver, CO (United States))

    1993-09-01

    The Federal Government regulates discharges of pollutants into waters of the United States under the Clean Water Act (CWA) through issuance of permits under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). Anyone discharging pollutants directly into [open quotes]waters of the United States[close quotes] (almost any body of water, including lakes, rivers, streams, wetlands, or offshore waters) from a point source (e.g., oil and gas exploration and production facilities) is a direct discharger. Direct dischargers must have an NPDES permit that specifically allows them to discharge designated pollutants. The permit will normally list the pollutants that the facility may discharge, and limit the discharge of each pollutant on a monthly, weekly, or daily basis. The EPA has developed NPDES requirements for facilities engaged in offshore oil and gas exploration and production. On September 30, 1992, Region 6 of the EPA issued a general NPDES permit for offshore operators within the Gulf of Mexico authorizing discharges in accordance with specific effluent limitations, monitoring requirements, and other conditions of the permit. A general NPDES permit was also formalized by EPA Region 6 in 1991 for onshore oil and gas facilities. This [open quotes]zero discharge[close quotes] NPDES permit (prohibiting any discharge of pollutants into waters of the U.S.) is applicable to most onshore oil and gas facilities within Texas, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Failure to meet the requirements of a general or site-specific NPDES permit violates the law. The EPA and states with delegated permit authority can penalize violators through fines and imprisonment. Permitting authorities are becoming increasingly diligent in their enforcement efforts.

  10. Response to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Free electron laser with longitudinal wiggler and finite magnetic field in a partially filled waveguide{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willett

    1996-01-01

    Shoucri`s [Phys. Plasmas {bold 3}, 3864 (1996)] comments concerning use of a biquadratic equation for the radial wave numbers [Eq. (3) in his comment], are regarded as inappropriate. Results are presented based on correct biquadratic radial-wave number equation derived by using the approach of Uddholm {ital et al.} [J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. {bold 24}, 1278 (1991)] (AIP) {copyright} {ital

  11. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Determination of highly excited states of diatomic-molecular ions using exact H{sup +}-like orbitals{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Le Sech

    1996-01-01

    Controversial points in the preceding Comment [L. Wolniewicz, Phys. Rev. A {bold 53}, 4609 (1996)] about the {ital X}¹Σ{sub {ital g}} state of He{sup 2+} are clarified. We confirm the previous results obtained with a very simple wave function. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  12. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Comments on the use of asymmetric monochromators for x-ray diffraction on a synchrotron source{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Nave; G. Clark; S. McSweeney

    1996-01-01

    The issue raised in Nave {ital et} {ital al}. [Rev. Sci. Instrum. {bold 66}, 2174 (1995)] is the description and results given by Sanchez del Rio and Cerrina [Nucl. Instrum. Methods A {bold 301}, 589 (1991)] and has no bearing on our understanding or otherwise of the SHADOW code (we do not refer to SHADOW in our article). The problem

  13. Response to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Bifurcations from periodic solution in a simplified model of two-dimensional magnetoconvection{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Bekki; T. Karakisawa

    1996-01-01

    In the above comment (Ref. 1), E. Knobloch, M. R. E. Proctor, A. M. Rucklidge, and N. O. Weiss have criticized a number of our results, in the following we present a detailed response to their criticism. (AIP). {copyright}{ital 1996 American Institute of Physics}

  14. Reply to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Quantum-mechanical equivalent-photon spectrum for heavy ion physics{close_quote}{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Benesh, C.J. [Nuclear Theory Center, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States)] [Nuclear Theory Center, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); Hayes, A.C. [AECL, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0 (CANADA)] [AECL, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Ontario, K0J 1J0 (CANADA); Friar, J.L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    1997-07-01

    Shortcomings of a momentum-space treatment of strong absorption, as discussed in the preceding Comment, are only of concern at low projectile energies, {gamma}{lt}1.5. At intermediate and high energies, for which the quantum-mechanical equivalent-photon spectrum is intended, the quantum-mechanical cross sections are reduced relative to the semiclassical results whether one treats strong effects via a momentum-space or an impact-parameter (spatial) cutoff. At these energies the origin of the discrepancy between the predictions of fully quantum-mechanical and the semiclassical calculations cannot be traced to differences in the treatment of strong-interaction effects. Rather, they arise from quantum effects neglected in the semiclassical calculations. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  15. Request for Quote IES/PIES/CPIES

    E-print Network

    Rhode Island, University of

    : glass sphere sealing kit, spare mechanical parts kit, tool kit, O-ring kit, recovery line with float required: Standard Accessory Kit Test Accessory Kit Release Re-Arming Kit Glass Sphere Sealing Kit Tool Kit

  16. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}When can hadronic loops scuttle the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka rule?{close_quote}{close_quote}

    SciTech Connect

    Lipkin, H.J. [Department of Particle Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)] [Department of Particle Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Zou, B. [Queen Mary and Westfield College, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)] [Queen Mary and Westfield College, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

    1996-06-01

    Previous calculations by Geiger and Isgur showed that systematic cancellations among hadronic loops occur for {ital u{bar u}}{leftrightarrow}{ital s{bar s}} mixing in all the low-lying nonets except 0{sup ++}. They suggested it is due to {sup 3}{ital P}{sub 0} dominance of the effective quark-antiquark ({ital q{bar q}}) pair creation operator. Here we give a general argument that there should be a large mixing for 0{sup ++} nonet from hadronic loops no matter what kind of model is assumed for {ital q{bar q}} creation. By the same argument we show that the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka (OZI) rule should be best obeyed in the 1{sup {minus}{minus}}, 2{sup ++}, and 3{sup {minus}{minus}} nonets, but not very well obeyed in the 0{sup {minus}+}, 1{sup +{minus}}, and 1{sup ++} nonets. All these model independent expectations are compatible with calculations by Geiger and Isgur using the {sup 3}{ital P}{sub 0} model as well as experimental data. A similar argument also suggests a large hadronic loop contribution for the {ital p{bar p}}{r_arrow}{phi}{phi} reaction. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  17. &QUOT;PUTTING THE RIGHT PARKS IN THE RIGHT PLACES&QUOT; BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;MAKING PARKS WORK:STRATEGIES FOR PRESERVING TOPICAL NATURE&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Tropical ecosystems typically have high amounts of species diversity and endemism relative to those in more temperate climates, and most of the tropics lie almost completely within the borders of developing countries. To address this, Terborgh et al. convened a conference that br...

  18. Shell Scripting (continued) Parsing and Quoting

    E-print Network

    Mohri, Mehryar

    " elif [ -d $file ] then echo "red>$file" else echo "$file" fi echo "" num characters are defined by the value of the IFS variable (IFS="" disables) #12;Word Splitting Examples FILES="file1 file2" cat $FILES a b IFS= cat $FILES cat: file1 file2: cannot open IFS=x v=exit echo exit $v "$v

  19. IS &QUOT;RECLAIMED WATER AND BIOSOLIDS: BENEFITS AND HAZARDS&QUOT; IT: &QUOT;BIOACCULULATION AND FOODCHAIN CONTAMINATION IN TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Biosolids are a complex mixture which contain both inorganic and organic adsorbents. Thus, addition of biosolids to soil not only increases the environmental loading of toxic metals (Cd, Zn, Cu, Ni, Pb, etc.) it alters the phytoavailability of these metals. This reduction in ph...

  20. Using Quotations How much should I quote?

    E-print Network

    Kronzucker, Herbert J.

    state. As Hannah Arendt points out in On Revolution, "we must turn to Roman antiquity to find the first wars that were waged outside the walls of the city state. In On Revolution, Hannah Arendt points with the first notion that there are just and unjust wars" (Arendt 12). Yet the Roman conception of a just war

  1. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Entropy catastrophe and configurational entropies in supercooled and superheated regimes{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. G. Debenedetti; M. M. Atakan; R. J. Speedy

    1996-01-01

    In a recent article [K. Kishore and H. K. Shobha, J. Chem. Phys. {bold 101}, 7037 (1994)], Kishore and Shobha proposed the extension of the concept of a Kauzmann paradox to the vaporliquid transition. We show that there is no Kauzmann paradox associated with the vaporliquid transition. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  2. Response to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Mixed electron emission from lead zirconatetitanate ceramics{close_quote}thinsp{close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Zhang; W. Huebner; S. E. Sampayan; M. L. Krogh

    1999-01-01

    Understanding the mechanism of electron emission from ferroelectrics is in deed crucial for the application of ferroelectric cathodes. We appreciated the comments of Dorfman {ital et al.} on our recent article [J. Appl. Phys. {bold 85}, 6055 (1998)]. We believe the original proposed model is consistent and reasonable, i.e., the coexistence of ferroelectric and plasma emission from the same sample.

  3. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Anomalous Spin Diffusion in a Two-Dimensional Percolating Ising Antiferromagnet{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lovesey

    1996-01-01

    A comment on the Letter by Hironobu Ikeda, Shinichi Itoh, and Mark A. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. {bold 75}, 4440 (1995). The authors of the Letter offer a Reply. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Summary of the workshop on {open_quote}{open_quote}X-ray Optics and Ray Tracing: Status and Needs{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Cerrina; S. Hulbert; M. Sanchez del Rio

    1996-01-01

    A workshop on x-ray optics and ray tracing was held on October 18, 1995, at the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation conference held at Argonne. The object of the workshop was to exchange experience in ray-tracing calculations between the largest synchrotron radiation facilities. The introduction was carried out by Franco Cerrina, who made a review presentation of SHADOW, the only ray-tracing code

  5. Development of a small air-cooled {open_quote}{open_quote}midnight sun{close_quote}{close_quote} thermophotovoltaic electric generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. M. Fraas; H. H. Xiang; S. Hui; L. Ferguson; J. Samaras; R. Ballantyne; M. Seal

    1996-01-01

    A natural gas fired thermophotovoltaic generator using infrared-sensitive GaSb cells and a silicon carbide emitter is described. The emitter is designed to operate at 1400C. Twelve GaSb receivers surround the emitter. Each receiver contains a string of series connected cells. Special infrared filters are bonded to each cell. These filters transmit short wavelength useful IR to the cells while reflecting

  6. Can light Nambu-Goldstone boson loops counter the {open_quote}{open_quote}{ital S} argument{close_quote}{close_quote} against technicolor?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Fleming; I. Maksymyk

    1996-01-01

    We examine the oblique correction phenomenology of one-family technicolor with light pseudo Goldstone bosons. From loop calculations based on a gauged chiral Lagrangian for technicolor we are led to conclude that even though loops with light Goldstone bosons give a negative contribution to {ital S} measured at the {ital Z} pole, this effect is not sufficiently large to unambiguously counter

  7. Reply to [open quotes]Comments on [open quotes]Global warming: A reduced threat [close quotes] by P. J. Michaels and D. E. Stooksbury[close quotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michaels

    1993-01-01

    In this reply to criticisms of Michaels' and Stooksbury's paper, Michaels discusses several points which had not been emphasized in the manuscript. The salient points discussed in this reply include: (1) the importance of estimating the transient response to a gradually increasing greenhouse enhancement, and (2) the role of anthropogenically generated aerosols on canceling some warming, especially those that serve

  8. Superdeformed band in ¹⁵⁵Dy: Where does the {open_quote}{open_quote}island{close_quote}{close_quote} of superdeformation end?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. M. Fischer; R. V. Janssens; M. A. Riley; R. R. Chasman; I. Ahmad; D. J. Blumenthal; T. B. Brown; M. P. Carpenter; G. Hackman; D. J. Hartley; T. L. Khoo; T. Lauritsen; W. C. Ma; D. Nisius; J. Simpson; P. G. Varmette

    1996-01-01

    A superdeformed band of 15 transitions has been found in the ¹⁵⁵Dy nucleus. The measurement was performed with a backed target and the large deformation was inferred from the measured Doppler shifts. The new band displays an intensity pattern much different from typical superdeformed bands in this mass region. The dynamic moment of inertia is essentially identical to that of

  9. Reply to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Paramagnetic Meissner effect in Nb{close_quote} {close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Kostic; B. Veal; A. P. Paulikas; U. Welp; V. R. Todt; C. Gu; U. Geiser; J. M. Williams; K. D. Carlson; R. A. Klemm

    1997-01-01

    Rice and Sigrist (RS) have proposed a d-wave mechanism to explain the paramagnetic Meissner effect (PME) observed in some inhomogeneous samples of high-T{sub c} superconductors. However, the observation of a PME in some inhomogeneous samples of Nb (an s-wave superconductor) demonstrates that a d-wave pairing mechanism is not needed to produce the effect. Moreover, the remarkable similarity between the PME

  10. Relation of constituent quark models to QCD: Why several simple models work {open_quote}{open_quote}so well{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Dillon; G. Morpurgo

    1996-01-01

    We discuss the relationship between exact QCD and constituent quark models (nonrelativistic, bag, or others) to clarify why different models work reasonably in many cases. For this we use the general parametrization method [G. Morpurgo, Phys. Rev. D {bold 40}, 2997 (1989)] now expressed in terms of the standard current quark fields ({ital m}{sub {ital u}} and {ital m}{sub {ital

  11. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Very weak γ transitions in the ε\\/β{sup +} decay of ⁶⁸Ga{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Skalsey

    1996-01-01

    Gamma-ray coincidence spectra presented by Vo {ital et} {ital al}. [Phys. Rev. C {bold 50}, 1713 (1994)] may indicate the existence of a positron ({ital e}{sup +}) transition with a maximum decay energy of (15.9±1.2) keV. Possible sources of spurious coincidences, mimicking the {ital e}{sup +} signal, are discussed and, where possible, calculated or estimated. Considerable systematic uncertainty remains in

  12. Reply to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Influence of the in-medium pion dispersion relation in heavy ion collisions{close_quotes}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Fuchs; L. Sehn; E. Lehmann; J. Zipprich; A. Faessler

    1997-01-01

    The energy of pions in nuclei as a function of momentum and density (and temperature) is an important ingredient, e.g., for pion production in heavy ion collisions. In spite of many efforts over the last 25 years one is not yet able to calculate reliably this dispersion relation from first principles. At the moment it seems best to use this

  13. Addendum to {open_quote}{open_quote}Phase structure of Higgs-Yukawa systems with chirally invariant fermion actions{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zenkin

    1996-01-01

    The behavior of the critical lines near the point of the appearance of the ferrimagnetic phase is revised within a mean-field approximation. We calculate the slopes of the lines at such a point for the U(1) systems in the weak coupling regime. It is demonstrated that the slope of one of the critical lines is continuous, while a change in

  14. Absence of a {open_quote}{open_quote}Threshold Effect{close_quote}{close_quote} in the Energy Loss of Slow Protons Traversing Large-Band-Gap Insulators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Eder; D. Semrad; P. Bauer; R. Golser; P. Maier-Komor; F. Aumayr; M. Penalba; A. Arnau; J. M. Ugalde; P. M. Echenique

    1997-01-01

    The electronic stopping cross section {var_epsilon} of slow hydrogen projectiles in large-band-gap insulators has been measured at energies of a few keV. Even at velocities as low as v\\/3 (v=c\\/137) , we find no influence of the band gap on the velocity dependence of {var_epsilon} , contrary to the case of gaseous targets with similar minimum excitation energy. The magnitude

  15. Notable Quotes from the Eastman Conference.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Music Educators Journal, 1983

    1983-01-01

    At a conference held at the Eastman School of Music, seven speakers talked about the future of music education in America. Speakers emphasized the importance of excellence in education and performance and the need to integrate the arts into the broader society. (CS)

  16. You Can Quote Me on That

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chanko, Pamela

    2005-01-01

    This article presents several punctuation activities that help students practice dialogue-writing skills. Teachers can help their students become intrepid reporters by providing them with story ideas or by inviting them to develop their own "scoops." In addition, comic strips can also be used for dialogue-writing practice.

  17. Absence of a {open_quote}{open_quote}Threshold Effect{close_quote}{close_quote} in the Energy Loss of Slow Protons Traversing Large-Band-Gap Insulators

    SciTech Connect

    Eder, K.; Semrad, D.; Bauer, P. [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Johannes-Kepler Universitaet Linz, A-4040 Linz (Austria)] [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Johannes-Kepler Universitaet Linz, A-4040 Linz (Austria); Golser, R. [Institut fuer Radiumforschung und Kernphysik, Universitaet Wien, A-1090 Wien (Austria)] [Institut fuer Radiumforschung und Kernphysik, Universitaet Wien, A-1090 Wien (Austria); Maier-Komor, P. [Target Laboratory, Technical University Munich, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Target Laboratory, Technical University Munich, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Aumayr, F. [Institut fuer Allgemeine Physik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria)] [Institut fuer Allgemeine Physik, Technische Universitaet Wien, A-1040 Wien (Austria); Penalba, M. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada I, E.T.S.I.I. y T., Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bilbao (Spain)] [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada I, E.T.S.I.I. y T., Universidad del Pais Vasco, Bilbao (Spain); Arnau, A.; Ugalde, J.M.; Echenique, P.M. [Departamento de Fisica de Materiales, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Apartado 1072, San Sebastian 20080 (Spain)] [Departamento de Fisica de Materiales, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Apartado 1072, San Sebastian 20080 (Spain)

    1997-11-01

    The electronic stopping cross section {var_epsilon} of slow hydrogen projectiles in large-band-gap insulators has been measured at energies of a few keV. Even at velocities as low as v{sub 0}/3 (v{sub 0}=c/137) , we find no influence of the band gap on the velocity dependence of {var_epsilon} , contrary to the case of gaseous targets with similar minimum excitation energy. The magnitude of {var_epsilon} and its essentially linear velocity dependence allow us to arrive at the following conclusion: Electron promotion processes contribute substantially to stopping due to formation of molecular orbitals. This points towards the existence of a bound electron state at a proton that moves slowly in an insulator. A simple model based on the calculation of molecular orbital correlation diagrams for the H/LiF collision system supports the idea of local reduction of the band gap of an insulating target. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  18. Demand-side management Hollyhead {open_quotes}power save{close_quotes} project

    SciTech Connect

    Benstead, P.; Walker, D.

    1995-12-01

    Demand-Side management and its successor variants, least cost planning (LCP) and integrated resource planning (IRP) have been successfully applied in North America to provide a competitive environment between supply and energy demand reduction projects. The Power Save project, which had received support from the European Union SAVE (Specific Action for Vigorous Energy Efficiency) programme, has been carried out as a national trial with the aim of assessing the reaction of a wide range and large number of domestic and business customers to DSM techniques. It has also tested the response of business customers to third party financing. Manweb is one of twelve Regional Electricity Companies in England and Wales with its main business being the distribution of electricity to over 1.34 million customers. It has over 44,000 kilometres of lines and cables in a network covering 12,000 square kilometres encompassing Cheshire, Merseyside, and North Wales.

  19. TAX DEDUCTIBLE SPENDING, ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES, AND THE &QUOT;DOUBLE DIVIDEND&QUOT; HYPOTHESIS. (R825313)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  20. Chattanooga, belle of the {open_quotes}sustainable communities{close_quotes} ball

    SciTech Connect

    Lerner, S.

    1995-06-01

    Over the past two decades, the combined efforts of thousands of Chattanoogans have begun to clean up the city`s air, revitalize its riverfront, and diversity its economy. Chattanooga has launched a number of public/private partnerships for green development, ranging from renovation of low-income housing to construction of the nation`s largest freshwater aquarium and including plans for a zero emissions industrial park. The city has pollution prevention measures such as an initiative to protect waterways by installing oil skimming devices on parking lots and commercial properties. This article describes in detail Chattanooga`s efforts and the idea of sustainable communities.

  1. APPROACH TO &QUOT;FURTHER-REASONABLE-PROGRESS"; TO ATTAIN WATER QUALITY STANDARDS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Watershed managers in urban areas in the US are pursuing optimum strategies or plans for managing wastewater treatment plants, stormwater systems, sanitary sewer overflows (SSO) and combined sewer overflows (CSO). Often thes strategies are based on an iterative process or a "furt...

  2. ALKYLATION OF ISOBUTANE WITH 2-BUTENE WITH IONIC LIQUID AS A &QUOT;CLEAN"; CATALYST

    EPA Science Inventory

    Alkylation of isobutane with 2-butene with Ionic liquid as a "clean" catalyst Kyesang Yoo, 1 Vasudevan V. Namboodiri,2 Panagiotis G. Smirniotis,*1 and Rajender S. Varma*2 1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0171, USA. E...

  3. Implications of a {open_quotes}cross-rolled{close_quotes} yield surface approximation on deep drawing

    SciTech Connect

    Logan, R.W.

    1996-03-01

    During deep-drawing, two issues manifest themselves that are due to normal and planar anisotropy in the sheet. These are a dependence of the Limiting Draw Ratio (LDR) on the average thinning ratio (R-value), and a dependence of ear formation and thinning around the circumference on the variation of R-value in the plane of the sheet. The quadratic (1948 Hill) yield surface has been applied to these issues and it has been demonstrated that there are numerous higher exponent yield criteria that may more closely duplicate experimental trends. These predict varying degrees of R-value dependencies of uniaxial yields and strength ratios in multiaxial loading paths. The result of this is that there are sometimes subtle and sometimes substantial differences in the predictions of the various yield surfaces on deep drawing regarding LDR and earing. Additional differences arise due to the way the shear term (45-degree yield) and the 0-degree vs. 90-degree strengths are treated in each criterion. These dependencies (in-plane strengths generated by the yield surfaces) are shown to affect the results of both LDR and earing during cupping. In particular, the 1979 Hosford and 1989 Barlat (Tricomponent) criteria, although identical for the normal anisotropy (planar isotropy) case, are strikingly different for cases where there are differences at 45 degrees and 90 degrees from the rolling direction.

  4. Comment on {open_quotes}Covariant duality symmetric actions{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Pasti, P.; Sorokin, D.; Tonin, M. [Universita Degli Studi Di Padova, Dipartimento Di Fisica Galileo Galilei ed INFN, Sezione Di Padova, Via F. Marzolo, 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)] [Universita Degli Studi Di Padova, Dipartimento Di Fisica Galileo Galilei ed INFN, Sezione Di Padova, Via F. Marzolo, 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)

    1997-08-01

    We demonstrate that an action proposed by Khoudeir and Pantoja [Phys. Rev. D {bold 53}, 5974 (1996)] for endowing Maxwell theory with manifest electric-magnetic duality symmetry contains, in addition to the Maxwell field, additional propagating vector degrees of freedom. Hence it cannot be considered as a duality symmetric action for a {ital single} Abelian gauge field. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  5. Belarus is a {open_quotes}touchstone{close_quotes} for public acceptance of nuclear power energy

    SciTech Connect

    Mikhalevich, A.A. [Institute of Power Engineering Problems, Minsk (Belarus)

    1994-12-31

    The economy of the Republic of Belarus which became an Independent state at the end of 1991, is in strained circumstances because of the shortage of its own energetic resources, and the deficit of generating electric capacities, The real way out of an energetic crisis is the development of own nuclear power as it is in Central and Eastern Europe. Besides, Belarus has suffered most of all other states as a result of the Chernobyl accident, located out of its borders. About a quarter of its population and lands are on the territory contaminated with radionuclides. That`s why the formation of public opinion is a key problem when deciding the problem of NPP construction in Belarus. Undoubtedly, the decision of this problem will exert influence on the prestige of nuclear power in the whole world.

  6. TEACHING &QUOT;MATH-LITE"; CONSERVATION (BOOK REVIEW OF CONSERVATION BIOLOGY WITH RAMAS ECOLAB)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This book is designed to serve as a laboratory workbook for an undergraduate course in conservation biology, environmental science, or natural resource management. By integrating with RAMAS EcoLab software, the book provides instructors with hands-on computer exercises that can ...

  7. &QUOT;EMERGING"; POLLUTANTS, MASS SPECTROMETRY, AND COMMUNICATING SCIENCE: PHARMACEUTICALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    A foundation for Environmental Science - Mass Spectrometry: Historically fundamental to amassing our understanding of environmental processes and chemical pollution is the realm of mass spectrometry - the mainstay of analytical chemistry - the workhorse that supplies much of the...

  8. Leak-detection device is {open_quotes}all ears{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Malm, H.; Halpern, F.

    1996-04-01

    Ultrasonic detection devices for locating air or liquid leaks are described. Standard packages consist of a hand-held detection instrument, high-impedance headphones, a localization sound probe, an ultrasound transmitter, and a precision contact probe. The ultrasonic vibrations are converted into either an audible frequency or a digital readout. The use of ultrasonic devices in leak testing single-wall underground storage tanks is detailed.

  9. {open_quotes}Industry views--timing/structure of consultative process{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Volgelsberg, T.

    1995-12-31

    This paper examines industry`s perspective on the issues concerning the politics and economics of climatic change. The climate change issue complexity goes beyond science and involves: technology, economics, lifestyle, population, intergenerational equity, etc. Industry resources should be actively involved in technology, timeframes, economic assessments, and the political process. Climate mitigation options should be viewed on a holistic or total impact basis. Technology and economic assessment should not create winners and losers. The climate change process is like peeling an onion - long timeframes are required for cultural and infrastructure changes, there are both short term small improvement and long term structural changes, and implementation may take generations. Interdisciplinary communications are critical, cutting across the fields of social science, physical science, economics, technology, demographics, etc. Finally, industry must play or be played - industry can either help shape or be left to live with policy.

  10. LETTER TO EDITOR ON ARTICLE &QUOT;ARSENIC MEANS BUSINESS&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The letter to the editor was written to point out that different forms of arsenic are found in source waters and that the technologies listed in the article such as POU RO will not necessarily be effective on all waters. The letter pointed out that most technologies are more eff...

  11. Jardin botanico {open_quotes}Cerro Prieto, B.C.{close_quotes} Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Gutierrez Gomez, C. [Comision Federal de Electricidad, Michoacan (Mexico)

    1996-12-31

    The Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field is located at North of the Baja California State in Mexico, (32{degrees}22` - 32{degrees}26` N, 115{degrees}12` - 115{degrees}18` W) is part of the Colorado River Delta geological sub-province. This geothermal field is the more important in Mexico and in Latin America. The surface occupied by the installations (power plants, wells and evaporation lake) is of 12 km{sup 2} and in future it may reach 20 km{sup 2}. The construction of a Botanical Garden is projected in this field. Their main objectives are: to preserve the botanical patrimony of the regional flora, to promote the botanical research and the adoption of educational programs on this address.

  12. CLOTHES AS A SOURCE OF PARTICLES CONTRIBUTING TO THE &QUOT;PERSONAL CLOUD&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Previous studies such as EPA's PTEAM Study have documented increased personal exposures to particles compared to either indoor or outdoor concentrations--a finding that bas been characterized as a "personal cloud." The sources of the personal cloud are unknown, but co...

  13. PC-based criticality code use at an [open quotes]isolated site[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Knief, R.A. (Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Simpkins, B. (Battelle Pantex, Amarillo, TX (United States))

    1993-01-01

    Personal computer (PC)-based codes were used to conduct evaluations for subcriticality of fissile material in staging areas at the Pantex plant. The calculations, whose results were used in safety analysis reports (SARS) and a radiological hazards analysis (RHA), were performed by an individual practitioner located off-site. The Pantex evaluations addressed plutonium-metal components, modeling them as identical generic units. The model is conservative for criticality safety purposes in assuming a spherical shell with increased mass and reduced radius, while the plutonium content is treated as if it is all [sup 239]Pu. The computer codes KEN05APC (with 16-group Hansen-Roach cross sections) and MCNP4 (in a package with grouped cross sections) were obtained from the Radiation Shielding Information Center (RSIC). Calculations were performed for arrays of units in various numbers and arrangements with a variety of moderations and reflection conditions and with and without containers.

  14. Project {open_quotes}Kovin{close_quotes} - economics of upgraded low-rank coal

    SciTech Connect

    Ljubicic, B.; Anderson, C. [Energy & Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (United States); Bukurov, Z.; Cvijanovic, P. [Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad (Yugoslavia); Stajner, K. [Electric Power of Serbia, Novi Sad (Yugoslavia)

    1994-12-31

    Yugoslavia has large reserves of lignitic coal, some of which are in geological settings that are located below the water table, along and under the Danube River, and are difficult to mine. Since conventional strip mining in the area next to the Danube would be difficult, the Kovin lignite will be mined as course lignite-water slurry. This will be the first time that lignite coal has been mined using dredging equipment. The use of dredging technology for the recovery of multiple lignite seams is an expansion of current dredging practices used to recovery precious and other metals such as tin, as well as diamonds, sand, and gravel from alluvial deposits. The proposed lignite dredging is based on selective mining of several discrete layers. The layers consist of either waste material or lignite and can be directed to a disposal area or to further processing. It is expected that dredging will reduce the environmental impact of the mine, be highly productive since it is fully mechanized, and reduce the cost per ton of lignite. The successful operation at the Kovin mine would also enable lignite to be dredged in other reserve areas where a high water table or significant surface water is present, allowing considerable tonnages of lignite, not currently in reserves, to be moved into the minable reserve category.

  15. About the {open_quotes}Asian{close_quotes}-specific 9-bp deletion of mtDNA...

    SciTech Connect

    Torroni, A.; Petrozzi, M.; Santolamazza, P. [Universita` La Sapienza, Rome (Italy)] [and others

    1995-08-01

    The 9-bp deletion between the COII and tRNA{sup Lys} genes is due to the lack of one of two adjacent copies of a 9-bp sequence usually present in human mtDNA. This mutation is very common in Asians and populations of Asian ancestry (e.g., Polynesians and Amerinds) and often has been considered and ethnic-specific polymorphism for these populations. We now report the detection of the COII-tRNA{sup Lys} 9-bp deletion in an individual of Italian descent. To our knowledge, this is the first time that the 9-bp deletion has been observed in Europeans. 19 refs.

  16. AN ASSESSMENT OF GROUND TRUTH VARIABILITY USING A &QUOT;VIRTUAL FIELD REFERENCE DATABASE&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    A "Virtual Field Reference Database (VFRDB)" was developed from field measurment data that included location and time, physical attributes, flora inventory, and digital imagery (camera) documentation foy 1,01I sites in the Neuse River basin, North Carolina. The sampling f...

  17. {open_quotes}Radon{close_quotes} - the system of Soviet designed regional waste management facilities

    SciTech Connect

    Horak, W.C.; Reisman, A.; Purvis, E.E. III

    1997-07-01

    The Soviet Union established a system of specialized regional facilities to dispose of radioactive waste generated by sources other than the nuclear fuel cycle. The system had 16 facilities in Russia, 5 in Ukraine, one in each of the other CIS states, and one in each of the Baltic Republics. These facilities are still being used. The major generators of radioactive waste they process these are research and industrial organizations, medical and agricultural institution and other activities not related to nuclear power. Waste handled by these facilities is mainly beta- and gamma-emitting nuclides with half lives of less than 30 years. The long-lived and alpha-emitting isotopic content is insignificant. Most of the radwaste has low and medium radioactivity levels. The facilities also handle spent radiation sources, which are highly radioactive and contain 95-98 percent of the activity of all the radwaste buried at these facilities.

  18. &QUOT;EFFECT OF NON-TARGET ORGANICS ON ORGANIC CHEMICAL TRANSPORT.&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    NRMRL/IO BOOK NRMRL-CIN-1363 Enfield*, C.G., Lien*, B.K., and Wood*, A.L. "Effect of Non-Target Organics on Organic Chemical Transport." Published in: Humic Substances and Chemical Contaminants, Chapter 23, C.E. Clapp, M.H.B. Hayes, et al (Ed.), Madison, WI: So...

  19. {open_quotes}Recycling 9 to 5{close_quotes} - Commercial/business recycling programs

    SciTech Connect

    Zimms, M.A.

    1996-08-01

    A brief description of a commercial and business recycling program is given. The program was implemented by the Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County in Florida to reduce the amount of waste entering the disposal system. Program elements include collection, processing, and outreach; the education program is described in detail. Other services provided were waste audits, business advisory council, and a buy recycled business alliance.

  20. {open_quotes}Insuring success through employee education{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Estreller, S.R.

    1996-08-01

    This paper describes solid waste management in the city of Los Angeles, California, and the implementation of recycling and waste prevention programs. The emphasis of the paper is on educating city employees. The approach and goals are outlined, and the education components are described in some detail. Program cost and funding are also briefly described.

  1. Dual annular rotating [open quotes]windowed[close quotes] nuclear reflector reactor control system

    DOEpatents

    Jacox, M.G.; Drexler, R.L.; Hunt, R.N.M.; Lake, J.A.

    1994-03-29

    A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core. 4 figures.

  2. Taking a bottom-to-sky [open quotes]slice[close quotes] of the Arctic Ocean

    SciTech Connect

    Travis, J.

    1994-12-23

    This article discusses a Canadian-USA scientific expedition to study the Amerasian basin, comprising 2/3 of the Arctic Ocean, the world's least studied. Since the oceans remote location makes it particularly sensitive to indications of global climate change, a baseline of data is critical. Among the areas researched and discussed in this article are the following: the warm water layers in the intermediate space of the Arctic ocean; the albedo of the ocean; cloud cover; air pollution; plants and animals; cores of ocean bottom sediments. 2 figs.

  3. BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;DRINKING WATER REGULATION AND HEALTH&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Since the enactment of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) in 1974, several amendments and other new regulations have been developed for drinking water. The book, "Drinking Water Regulation and Health", explains these regulations and provides background on why they were developed ...

  4. BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ROADS&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Throughout the world, roads have become a permanent part of our environment. The ecological effects of roads and traffic are as consequential as other topical issues such as losses in biological diversity and damage by exotic and invasive species. However, this issue has usuall...

  5. A BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS FOR THE NATION&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Review of the the book "Ecological Indicators for the Nation". This book is the report of the Committee to Evaluate Indicators for Monitoring Aquatic and Terrestrial Environments, which was established at the behest of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The boo...

  6. LETTER TO EDITOR REGARDING &QUOT;ARSENIC CHALLENGES FOR WATER UTILITIES&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The two part series on "Arsenic Challenges for Water Utilities" have provided useful information for the many small water utilities faced with arsenic problems. Part II states that treatment options fall into six major categories and then proceeds to provide a short summary on e...

  7. The {open_quotes}obligation to serve{close_quotes} and a competitive electric industry

    SciTech Connect

    Colton, R.D. [Fisher, Sheehan and Colton (United States)

    1997-11-01

    This report presents an assessment of what the ``obligation to serve`` might look like in a competitive electric industry. Broadly, this research has three objectives: to define the ``duty to serve`` of a competitive electric industry; to identify those companies to whom that duty applies; and to explain how that duty protects residual classes.

  8. POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF DUST SUPPRESSANTS: &QUOT;ADVOIDING ANOTHER TIMES BEACH&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    In the past decade, there has been an increased use of chemical dust suppressants such as i water, salts, asphalt emulsion, vegetable oils, molasses, synthetic polymers, mulches, and lignin 1 products. Dust suppressants abate dust by changing the physical properties of the soil s...

  9. A RETROSPECTIVE OF &QUOT;CLEAN PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES II&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    This, the second of a planned series of conferences, was co-sponsored by the USEPA.ORD, NSF, DOE, and CWRT. The objectives were generally the same as those of the first: bring together experts and practitioners from the full range of sectors, disciplines, and technologies, and p...

  10. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Shape and superdeformed structure in Hg isotopes in relativistic mean field model{close_quote} and {open_quote}Structure of neutron-deficient Pt, Hg, and Pb isotopes{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Takigawa; S. Yoshida; K. Hagino; S. K. Patra; C. R. Praharaj

    1996-01-01

    In reply to the Comment by Heyde {ital et} {ital al}., we discuss the sensitivity of the results of relativistic mean field (RMF) calculations on the shape of nuclei to the choice of input parameters in the Lagrangian of the ,,ρ model and to the pairing gap in the BCS theory. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  11. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Shape and superdeformed structure in Hg isotopes in relativistic mean field model{close_quote}{close_quote} and {open_quote}{open_quote}Structure of neutron-deficient Pt, Hg, and Pb isotopes{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Heyde; C. De Coster; P. Van Duppen; M. Huyse; J. L. Wood; W. Nazarewicz

    1996-01-01

    We point out that the results of relativistic mean field calculations for neutron-deficient Pt, Hg, and Pb isotopes by S. K. Patra {ital et} {ital al}. [Phys. Rev. C {bold 50}, 1924 (1994)] and S. Yoshida {ital et} {ital al}. [Phys. Rev. C {bold 50}, 1398 (1994)] contradict the large body of experimental data on these nuclei. In particular, we

  12. Final report for {open_quotes}Production of mild gasification co-products{close_quotes} project

    SciTech Connect

    Horne, D.A.; Castro, J.C.

    1994-12-04

    The SGI International Liquids From Coal (LFC) Process is a mild pyrolysis, or mild gasification, treatment that upgrades low-rank coals by removing almost all of the moisture and a substantial portion of the volatile matter. The process produces two value-added co-products: a Coal Derived Liquid (CDL) and a solid Process Derived Fuel (PDF). A third co-product, a low-heating-value non-condensible gas, is recirculated and combusted in a commercial sized plant to provide drying and pyrolysis process heat. The LFC Process consists of three basic steps. The first step, drying, involves essentially inert gas convectively raising the coal temperature and removing most of the moisture. The drying temperature is limited to ensure that no hydrocarbon gases evolve, and the flow rate is limited below fluidization levels for most of the coal particles. The second step, pyrolysis, consists of additional inert gas heating that raises the temperature of the dried coal so that more than half of the volatile matter is removed under a controlled temperature history that is characteristic for each particular coal and customer demand. The third step, finishing or conditioning, consists of exposure to a cooling inert gas that quenches the pyrolysis reaction, followed by controlled exposure to oxygen for the purposes of stabilization. The processed solid char is then brought to moisture equilibrium (much less than the parent coal`s equilibrium level), and, if necessary, a dust suppressant is added to the PDF. The PDF co-product is environmentally more attractive than the parent coal because a large fraction of the organic sulfur is removed with the volatile matter, and the heating value of the fuel is increased with a concurrent increase in combustion efficiency. When subjected to appropriate finishing steps, the PDF represents a stable, economically transportable, high-heat-value reactive combustion fuel with stable flame characteristics similar to natural gas.

  13. PULMONARY EXPOSURE OF MICE TO &QUOT;ENGINEERED"; PSEUDOMONADS INFLUENCES INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA POPULATIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The use of engineered microorganisms has prompted research on potential impacts of these agents on human health and the environment. n this study, a mouse model is used to evaluate indirect effects (e.g. alteration of the intestinal microbiota) of pulmonary exposure to representa...

  14. Planting the [open quote]seeds[close quote] for increased water availability for hydro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1993-01-01

    Cloud seeding programs are providing some hydro producers with a way of increasing their water reserves on short notice and with relatively low cost. The fundamental formula has been known for half a century: clouds plus cold plus solid particles equal precipitation. What was not certain until more recently is how that relationship could be effectively used to alter the

  15. The union of concerned scientists {open_quotes}walk their talk{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Aitken, D.W.; Ris, H.

    1997-03-01

    The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) builds its new office space to be a showcase of energy-efficient and employee-friendly daylighting design. UCS encourages responsible stewardship of the global environment and the use of life-sustaining resources. The goals for the new offices were energy efficiency, reneable energy technologies, similar or reduced costs, improved aesthetics. Topics include envelope redesign, energy systems, daylighting, electric lighting, total costs, experience to date.

  16. A novel form of {open_quotes}Tyrosinase-positive{close_quotes} oculocutaneous albinism

    SciTech Connect

    Fukai, K.; Lee, S.T.; Bundey, S.; Spritz, R.A. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)]|[Birmingham Maternity Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    1994-09-01

    Tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism (ty-pos OCA) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which the biosynthesis of melanin pigment is greatly reduced in the skin, hair, and eyes. We have shown that typical ty-pos OCA (OCA2) results from mutations of the P gene in chromosome segment 15q11-q13. We have also shown that some patients diagnosed with ty-pos OCA actually have mild forms of type I OCA (OCAI), resulting from mutations at the tyrosinase (TYR) gene at 11q14-q21. However, in about one-third of patients with ty-pos OCA we have failed to identify abnormalities of either the P or TYR genes, suggesting the possible existence of a third ty-pos OCA locus. To test this hypothesis, we investigated a large, complex, inbred Pakistani kindred. Affected individuals exhibit slight skin pigmentation with no tanning, hair that is silver at birth and darkens somewhat over time, brown irides, and reduced visual acuity with nystagmus. SSCP/heteroduplex screening and complete DNA sequence analysis of TYR gene in the proband identified no abnormalities, and analysis of a CA repeat in the TYR gene promoter showed no linkage of ty-pos OCA to this marker in this kindred. SSCP/ heteroduplex screening of the P gene also detected no abnormalities, and the (inbred) proband was heterozygous for numerous intragenic polymorphisms. These data thus exclude TYP and P. We next carried out genetic linkage analyses and homozygisty mapping using various SSLP repeats at the locations of the human homologues of the mouse brown (TYRP, 9p23), slaty (13q32), and silver (12pter-q21) genes, all of which are associated with generalized hypopigmentation in mutant animals. However, we found no evidence of linkage of any of these markers. We are currently carrying out similar analyses using markers near the putative locations of the human homologues of several other mouse hypopigmentation genes in an effort to map this novel human ty-pos OCA locus.

  17. Gulf of Mexico{open_quote}Silicon Valley{close_quote} to offshore oil & gas industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1996-01-01

    To think that it was only four years ago when the Gulf of Mexico was sadly being dismissed as a mature, drilled up basin. How wrong this perception was. Today, the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) stands out as an offshore technology showcase, where every bit of genuine high technology used to produce energy from the ocean is now being employed.

  18. India: Leading player in the coming Asian [open quotes]Supermarket[close quotes]. [Independent power generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pender

    2009-01-01

    The Asian power market is estimated to require between 300-350 GW of new capacity by the year 2000. This requirement dwarfs anticipated demand growth in any other region of the world, and is approximated only by combining the markets for North America and Europe. Increasingly, the countries of Asia have turned to the private sector as the only viable source

  19. A novel [open quotes]flat-plate[close quotes] PV concentrator package

    SciTech Connect

    Tuttle, J.R.; Cole, E.D.; Berens, T.A.; Szalaj, A. (DayStar Technologies, Inc., 303 S. Broadway, B-415, Denver, Colorado 80209 (United States)); Alleman, J. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States))

    1999-03-01

    DayStar Technologies is developing a PV module technology using low-level concentration (2[endash]8 suns) that can package existing industry cell materials into a lower cost/higher value product suitable for both low-power (10W) solar lantern and 1-KW and greater power generation applications. Cell materials incorporated to date include Cu(In, hthinsp;Ga)Se[sub 2](CIGS), a-Si, and c-Si. The use of thin-film cell materials in a concentrator application is the first of its kind. The performance and reliability of CIGS and a-Si under concentration has been demonstrated. The efficacy of the proprietary optics developed by DayStar has been demonstrated. Cell integration and subsequent mating to optics has proven to be nearly lossless. A 7.2[percent] active-area CIGS-based mini-module has been measured. [copyright] [ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.

  20. Thermal state of the safety system, reactor, side reflector and shielding of the {open_quote}{open_quote}TOPAZ-2{close_quote}{close_quote} system under conditions of fire caused by a launcher accident at the launch pad

    SciTech Connect

    Grinberg, E.I.; Doschatov, V.V.; Nikolaev, V.S.; Sokolov, N.S. [``Red Star`` State Enterprise, Moscow 115230 (Russia); Usov, V.A. [RRC ``Kurchatov Institute``, Moscow 123182 (Russia)

    1996-03-01

    The paper presents some results of calculational analyses performed to determine thermal state of the TOPAZ II safety system structure, radiation shielding, reactor without the side reflector, rods and inserts of the side reflector under conditions of fire at the launch pad when an accident occurs to a launch vehicle. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  1. Fancy Quotes in Latex Bernhard Nickel Harvard Philosophy

    E-print Network

    Nickel, Bernhard

    purus elit, vestibulum ut, placerat ac, adipiscing vitae, felis. Curabitur dictum gravida mauris. Nam. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et male- suada fames ac turpis egestas. Mauris ut leo

  2. COMMENTS ON &QUOT;AN APPROACH FOR MODELING NONCANCER DOSE RESPONSES WITH AN EMPHASIS ON UNCERTAINTY&QUOT; AND &QUOT;A PROBABILISTIC FRAMEWORK FOR THE REFERENCE DOSE (PROBABILISTIC R&D).&QUOT; (R825173)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  3. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Double-octupole excitations in the {ital N}=84 nuclei ¹⁴⁴Nd and ¹⁴⁶Sm{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. D. Cottle; K. W. Kemper

    1996-01-01

    Results of proton and electron inelastic scattering suggest that the interpretation of the 5⁻-7⁻-9⁻ sequence in ¹⁴⁴Nd as simple quadrupole-octupole-coupled states neglects large ν({ital f}{ital i}){sub 5,7,9} components and, therefore, that the interpretation of the 12{sup +} state at 4354 keV as a double-octupole-phonon state (6{sup +}{circle_times}octupole{circle_times}octupole) given by Bargioni {ital et} {ital al}. [Phys. Rev. C {bold 51}, R1057

  4. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Charge transfer in high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} (Y\\/Pr)BaCuO superlattices{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Ham; R. Sooryakumar; C. Kwon; Q. Li; I. Takeuchi; Z. Trajanovic; T. Venkatesan

    1996-01-01

    We respond to the issues raised in the Comment by R. Li {ital et} {ital al}., and reaffirm that the proposed charge-transfer model is compatible with the data. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  5. Film quality in relation to deposition conditions of {ital a}SI:H films deposited by the {open_quote}{open_quote}hot wire{close_quote}{close_quote} method using highly diluted silane

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. C. Molenbroek; A. H. Mahan; E. J. Johnson; A. C. Gallagher

    1996-01-01

    The deposition parameter space has been extensively explored using the hot wire technique with 1% SiH in He as a source gas. To achieve reasonable deposition rates despite the high dilution, the filament was positioned at 12 cm from the substrate. This short distance introduced a large nonuniformity across the substrate in deposition rate as well as in film properties.

  6. Reply to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Question of low-lying intruder states in ⁸Be and neighboring nuclei{close_quote}{close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. S. Fayache; Y. Y. Sharon; L. Zamick; E. M. de Guerra; P. Sarriguren

    1999-01-01

    In the preceding Comment, our calculations based on the shell model and on the anisotropic harmonic oscillator model for ⁸Be are criticized. In this Reply we argue that our calculations and remarks on intruder states are relevant. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

  7. Some questions concerning safety on emergency landing in dense layers of the atmosphere of radionuclide energy sources based on plutonium-238 for autonomous station {open_quote}{open_quote}MARS94\\/96{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. I. Makhorin; A. A. Pustovalov; V. N. Zhabin; E. I. Greenberg; V. S. Nilolaev; N. A. Sokolov

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes results of investigations of questions concerning integrity keeping for an ampula containing radionuclide fuel (Pu-238) under conditions of emergency landing in dense layers of the atmosphere and under conditions of fire on launching pad. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  8. Response to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Reversible work of formation of an embryo of a new phase within a uniform macroscopic mother phase{close_quote}thinsp{close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. G. Debenedetti; H. Reiss

    1999-01-01

    External constraints are necessary in order to calculate the energetics of embryo formation when the embryo is not a critical nucleus. The expression for the reversible work of formation obtained in by Debenedetti and Reiss [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 108}, 5498 (1998)] is rigorous and valid regardless of the relative densities of the embryo and mother phase. {copyright} {ital 1999

  9. Comment on {open_quote}{open_quote}Determination of highly excited states of diatomic-molecular ions using exact H{sup +}-like orbitals{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wolniewicz

    1996-01-01

    Recently, Le Sech [Phys. Rev. A {bold 51}, R2668 (1995)] presented results of variational computations of electronic energies for some two-electron diatomic-molecular ions. These energies, obtained with a very simple wave function, are, for some internuclear distances, lower than ever reported. We claim that these results are incorrect. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  10. Thermal state of the safety system, reactor, side reflector and shielding of the {open_quote}{open_quote}TOPAZ2{close_quote}{close_quote} system under conditions of fire caused by a launcher accident at the launch pad

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. I. Grinberg; V. V. Doschatov; V. S. Nikolaev; N. S. Sokolov; V. A. Usov

    1996-01-01

    The paper presents some results of calculational analyses performed to determine thermal state of the TOPAZ II safety system structure, radiation shielding, reactor without the side reflector, rods and inserts of the side reflector under conditions of fire at the launch pad when an accident occurs to a launch vehicle. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  11. Quick Quotes NZX 50 4084.44 0.00

    E-print Network

    of Foreign Affairs and Trade - recently headed an international delegation from the industry at World Trade. The building code is a tool that can be used by some countries as a non-tariff trade barrier. For example, New are becoming a major issue for trade negotiators. Mr Jacobi - a former negotiator for New Zealand's Ministry

  12. Response to {open_quotes}Comment on {open_quote}Mixed electron emission from lead zirconate{endash}titanate ceramics{close_quote}thinsp{close_quotes} [J. Appl. Phys. {bold 85}, 8495 (1999)

    SciTech Connect

    Zhang, W.; Huebner, W. [Ceramic Engineering Department, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States)] [Ceramic Engineering Department, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409 (United States); Sampayan, S.E. [University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Krogh, M.L. [Allied Signal Federal Manufacturing Technologies, Kansas City, Missouri 64141 (United States)] [Allied Signal Federal Manufacturing Technologies, Kansas City, Missouri 64141 (United States)

    1999-06-01

    Understanding the mechanism of electron emission from ferroelectrics is in deed crucial for the application of ferroelectric cathodes. We appreciated the comments of Dorfman {ital et al.} on our recent article [J. Appl. Phys. {bold 85}, 6055 (1998)]. We believe the original proposed model is consistent and reasonable, i.e., the coexistence of ferroelectric and plasma emission from the same sample. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  13. {open_quotes}Secure Bus{close_quotes} disturbance-free power at the utility substation level

    SciTech Connect

    Boenig, H.J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Jones, W.H. [El Camino Real Engineering, Inc., Corrales, NM (United States)

    1996-12-01

    Over the last 18 months Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM), El Camino Real Engineering, Inc. (CRE), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) have worked on the development of disturbance-free power at the medium voltage substation level. The work resulted in the Secure Bus concept, a system in which a medium voltage bus in a substation is immune to power outages and voltage sags on the utility source. The Secure Bus voltage is also immune to voltage sags resulting from faults on any distribution feeder connected to the bus. The Secure Bus concept originated from work conducted to improve power quality for large high-tech manufacturing facilities, in particular for large semiconductor manufacturing plants. For the demands on quality power of a modern facility conventional equipment is not adequate for protecting the end user. For example, the operation of conventional vacuum breakers during short circuit conditions on a feeder circuit, requiring 3 to 5 cycles for breaker opening, does not allow for fast enough current interruption to avoid a voltage dip on the main bus. A sever voltage sag could result in a shut down of sensitive equipment being supplied by the other feeder circuits, which are connected to the main bus. The circumvent the problem, a fast breaker was introduced which interrupts the short circuit before the current causes a significant voltage disturbance. To make the bus immune also to power disturbances caused by power outages, energy storage is introduced to provide the necessary energy back-up in case the primary source is not available.

  14. PREFACE TO: &QUOT;PHARMACEUTICALS AND PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS IN THE ENVIRONMENT: SCIENTIFIC AND REGULATORY ISSUES&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Often overlooked in our daily lives are the inescapable, intimate, and immediate connections between our personal activities and the environment in which we live. This is especially true with regard to the use and disposal of consumer chemicals. A significant aspect of our global...

  15. CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF IN UTERO ADMINISTRATION OF MIXTURES OF &QUOT;ANTIANDROGENS"; ON MALE RAT REPRODUCTIVIE DEVELOPMENT.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Although risk assessments are typically conducted on a chemical-bychemical basis, the 1996 Food Quality Protection Act Law requires the USEPA to consider cumulative risk of chemicals that act via a common mode/mechanism of action. To this end, we are conducti...

  16. Global arrays: A portable {open_quotes}shared-memory{close_quotes} programming model for distributed memory computers

    SciTech Connect

    Harrison, R.J.; Nieplocha, J.; Littlefield, R.J.

    1994-11-01

    Portability, efficiency, and ease of coding are all important considerations in choosing the programming model for a scalable parallel application. The message-passing programming model is widely used because of its portability, yet some applications are too complex to code in it while also trying to maintain a balanced computation load and avoid redundant computations. The shared-memory programming model simplifies coding, but it is not portable and often provides little control over interprocessor data transfer costs. This paper describes a new approach, called Global Arrays (GA), that combines the better features of both other models, leading to both simple coding and efficient execution. The key concept of GA is that it provides a portable interface through which each process in a MIMD parallel program can asynchronously access logical blocks of physically distributed matrices, with no need for explicit cooperation by other processes. The authors have implemented GA libraries on a variety of computer systems, including the Intel DELTA and Paragon, the IBM SP-1 (all message-passers), the Kendall Square KSR-2 (a nonuniform access shared-memory machine), and networks of Unix workstations. They discuss the design and implementation of these libraries, report their performance, illustrate the use of GA in the context of computational chemistry applications, and describe the use of a GA performance visualization tool.

  17. Keys to evaluating [open quotes]paleokarst[close quotes] reservoirs - guidelines from Quaternary carbonates and enhanced petrography

    SciTech Connect

    Dravis, J.J. (Dravis Interests, Inc., and Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States))

    1996-01-01

    Paleokarst is often invoked to explain reservoir development in ancient brecciated carbonates. However, the paleokarst model is valid only when fabrics seen in Quaternary cave systems are present and petrography of the non-brecciated zones supports subaerial exposure. Quaternary caves typically exhibit early fractures, microscopic to cavernous secondary porosity, solution collapse and brecciation, cave cements, and reddish-brown cave fill. Inter-cavern rocks show fabric-selective dissolution, porosity inversion, precompaction cements, and capping laminated soil crusts. In brecciated Ellenburger and Upper Elk Point (Devonian, W. Canada) reservoirs, major discrepancies exist between what the paleokarst model predicts and what is actually observed. Reddish calcretes, cavernous porosity and cave cements are absent. Enhanced petrography reveals relict sutured grains, implying burial dolomitization. These same dolomites are brecciated and breccia clasts contain stylolites rotated at different angles to each other and the horizon, implying burial brecciation. Fractures cutting these burial dolomites and stylolites are burial in origin. Preserved secondary porosity is unrelated to brecciated zones and facies controlled. Therefore, brecciation and reservoir quality in both sequences were created by burial dissolution of replacement dolomites and not by subaerial karstification. Brecciation alone does not prove the unconformity-related paleokarst model or the timing of porosity development.

  18. Keys to evaluating {open_quotes}paleokarst{close_quotes} reservoirs - guidelines from Quaternary carbonates and enhanced petrography

    SciTech Connect

    Dravis, J.J. [Dravis Interests, Inc., and Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Paleokarst is often invoked to explain reservoir development in ancient brecciated carbonates. However, the paleokarst model is valid only when fabrics seen in Quaternary cave systems are present and petrography of the non-brecciated zones supports subaerial exposure. Quaternary caves typically exhibit early fractures, microscopic to cavernous secondary porosity, solution collapse and brecciation, cave cements, and reddish-brown cave fill. Inter-cavern rocks show fabric-selective dissolution, porosity inversion, precompaction cements, and capping laminated soil crusts. In brecciated Ellenburger and Upper Elk Point (Devonian, W. Canada) reservoirs, major discrepancies exist between what the paleokarst model predicts and what is actually observed. Reddish calcretes, cavernous porosity and cave cements are absent. Enhanced petrography reveals relict sutured grains, implying burial dolomitization. These same dolomites are brecciated and breccia clasts contain stylolites rotated at different angles to each other and the horizon, implying burial brecciation. Fractures cutting these burial dolomites and stylolites are burial in origin. Preserved secondary porosity is unrelated to brecciated zones and facies controlled. Therefore, brecciation and reservoir quality in both sequences were created by burial dissolution of replacement dolomites and not by subaerial karstification. Brecciation alone does not prove the unconformity-related paleokarst model or the timing of porosity development.

  19. APPLICATION OF &QUOT;REAL-TIME"; MONITORING IN DECISION MAKING: THE NEW BEDFORD HARBOR PILOT DREDGING PROJECT

    EPA Science Inventory

    A decision-making framework was established for assessing the impacts of a pilot dredging study at the New Bedford Harbor, MA, Superfund site. oncern over possible environmental impacts due to dredging at this site necessitated that a monitoring program be implemented to ensure t...

  20. {open_quote}Nintendo Rig{close_quote} lets two men do work of three on traditional servicing rig

    SciTech Connect

    Rintoul, B.

    1996-01-01

    New well servicing rig saves costs and increases safety by using a robot derrickman. The rigs is called the Nintendo Rig, taking the name from the joystick that controls the robot on the racking board 25 feet above the ground. An automated tong/slip package permanently mounted on the front of the rig handles pipe and rods on the ground.

  1. [Hydrotris(3-isopropyl-5-methylpyazolyl)borato]-iodocobalt(II): Unusual purification by {open_quotes}inverse recrystallization{close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. M. Reinaud; A. L. Rheingold; K. H. Theopold

    1994-01-01

    In the search for homogeneous oxidation catalysts, the authors are investigating sterically hindered tris(pyrazolyl) borate complexes. For example, hydrotris(3-tert-butyl-5-methylpyrazolyl)borate (Tp) stabilizes the unusual side-on bonded superoxo-cobalt complex TpCo{sup II}(O). During study of this complex there arose the need to prepare an analogous molecule with isopropyl groups in place of the tert-butyl substituents of the pyrazolyl rings. As a starting material

  2. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF &QUOT;STAGNATION CURVES&QUOT; FOR LEAD AND COPPER, AND WATER QUALITY FACTORS AFFECTING THEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    "Stagnation curves" are the response of metal levels, particularly lead and copper, to time under conditions of no water flow. Research on lead pipe in the early 1980's in the United States, Germany, and in the United Kingdom suggested that they were characterized by rapid incre...

  3. {open_quotes}TELMA{close_quotes} a policy model for optimal allocation of region-wide emissions

    SciTech Connect

    Baron, M.G.; Shechter, M. [Univ. of Haifa (Israel)] [Univ. of Haifa (Israel); Amir, S. [Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Yavne (Israel)] [Soreq Nuclear Research Center, Yavne (Israel)

    1994-05-01

    This paper describes a policy tool capable of solving and evaluating cost-effective policies for the optimal allocation of a region`s air-shed resources among competing pollution sources. It is designed to specifically evaluate the economic implications of changes in ambient air-quality standards, the use of alternative abatement technologies or different pollution control approaches. The highly polluted air shed of the metropolitan region of the Haifa Bay area in northern Israel has been selected for testing the usefulness of the model. The policy analysis tool is a PC software package. It is a flexible, user friendly planning model for evaluating alternative scenarios involving changes in policy parameters. It consists of an optimization module (a mixed integer programming model), a pollution dispersion module and an interface module, which connects these two modules together, and serves as an interface between them and the user, via a sequence of menu screens. 15 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  4. &QUOT;EMERGING"; POLLUTANTS, AND COMMUNICATING THE SCIENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY AND MASS SPECTROMETRY: PHARMACEUTICALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper weaves a rnulti-dimensioned perspective of mass spectrometry as a career against the backdrop of mass spectrometry's key role in the past and future of environmental chemistry. Along the way, some insights are offered for better focusing the spotlight on the discipline...

  5. PERKINSUS-&QUOT;CIDAL"; ACTIVITY OF OYSTER HEMOCYTES USING A TETRAZOLIUM DYE REDUCTION ASSAY: OPTIMIZATION AND APPLICATIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    A bactericidal assay developed to assess the ability of oyster (Crassostrea virginica) hemocytes to kill the human pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus was optimized to estimate killing of the oyster parasite Perkinsus marinus. Assay variables, temperature, hemocyte:parasite ratio, i...

  6. APPLICATION OF A &QUOT;VITURAL FIELD REFERENCE DATABASE&QUOT; TO ASSESS LAND-COVER MAP ACCURACIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    An accuracy assessment was performed for the Neuse River Basin, NC land-cover/use (LCLU) mapping results using a "Virtual Field Reference Database (VFRDB)". The VFRDB was developed using field measurement and digital imagery (camera) data collected at 1,409 sites over a perio...

  7. A GCM study of the late January 1992 [open quotes]mini-hole[close quotes] event observed during EASOE

    SciTech Connect

    Orsolini, Y.; Cariolle, D.; Deque, M. (Centre National de Recherches Meteorologiques, Toulouse (France))

    1994-06-22

    The authors have developed a model for the ozone field in the northern hemisphere, based on a general circulation model Arpege'. They take advantage of the large number of readings of ozone profiles available as a result of the EASOE campaign to test this model against measurements. The model delimits the vortex by the use of potential vorticity. It was applied against an ozone density excursion observed over northern Europe in late January 1992. The model shows that this event was the result of transport of a large tropical air mass, low in ozone density to the north.

  8. Molecular genetics of the glaucomas: Mapping of the first five {open_quotes}GLC{close_quotes} loci

    SciTech Connect

    Raymond, V.

    1997-02-01

    Glaucoma encompasses a complex of ocular-disease entities characterized by an optic neuropathy in which degeneration of retinal ganglion cells leads to a characteristic excavation of the head of the optic nerve. Such damage causes progressive narrowing of the visual fields and, when uncontrolled, blindness. Affected people often have ocular hypertension defined as intraocular pressures consistently >21 mm Hg in both eyes. Although ocular hypertension is no longer an obligatory diagnostic criterion for glaucoma, it is still recognized as one of the most important risk factors. A diagnosis of glaucoma is made after observation of the characteristic atrophy of the optic nerve, which is associated with typical visual field defects. In 1992, the World Health Organization estimated that, in the global population, 5.2 million people were blind as a result of glaucoma, making it the third leading cause of blindness worldwide. The most common form is adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma, which represents {ge}50% of all cases of glaucoma. Among Caucasians, this form of the disorder affects {approximately}2% of the population >45 years old. In African Americans, prevalence of adult-onset open-angle glaucoma is three to four times higher than that observed in White Americans. More than 15 million North Americans may have some form of glaucoma, but at least half of them may not be aware of it. 43 refs., 1 tab.

  9. Development of NZP ceramic based {open_quotes}cast-in-place{close_quotes} diesel engine port liners

    SciTech Connect

    Nagaswaran, R.; Limaye, S.Y.

    1996-02-01

    BSX (Ba{sub 1+x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6-2x}Si{sub 2x}O{sub 24}) and CSX (Ca{sub l-x}Sr{sub x}Zr{sub 4}P{sub 6}O{sub 24}) type NZP ceramics were fabricated and characterized for: (i) thermal properties viz., thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, thermal stability and thermal shock resistance; (ii) mechanical properties viz., flexure strength and elastic modulus; and (iii) microstructures. Results of these tests and analysis indicated that the BS-25 (x=0.25 in BSX) and CS-50 (x=0.50 in CSX) ceramics had the most desirable properties for casting metal with ceramic in place. Finite element analysis (FEA) of metal casting (with ceramic in place) was conducted to analyze thermomechanical stresses generated and determine material property requirements. Actual metal casting trials were also conducted to verify the results of finite element analysis. In initial trials, the ceramic cracked because of the large thermal expansion mismatch (hoop) stresses (predicted by FEA also). A process for introduction of a compliant layer between the metal and ceramic to alleviate such destructive stresses was developed. The compliant layer was successful in preventing cracking of either the ceramic or the metal. In addition to these achievements, pressure slip casting and gel-casting processes for fabrication of NZP components; and acoustic emission and ultrasonics-based NDE techniques for detection of microcracks and internal flaws, respectively, were successfully developed.

  10. DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF RARE EARTH TRACERS IN THE MODIFIED DRY PARTICLE DEPOSITION SYSTEM (FORMERLY &QUOT;DUST"; CHAMBER)

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report was submitted in partial fulfillment of Contract 68-D5-0040 by Research Triangle Institute under the sponsorship of the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This report covers a period from October 1, 1996 to September 30, 1999 and includes activities fun...

  11. AGROBACTERIUM AND PLANT TRANSFORMATION: THE BIOLOGY BEHIND THE &QUOT;GENE-JOCKEYING"; TOOL. (R829479C001)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  12. Do more with less-make your trash can {open_quotes}A lonely trash can{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Yelton, D. [Buncombe County, Asheville, NC (United States)

    1996-08-01

    A paper recycling program in North Carolina is described in this paper. Problems with the current paper recycling system are identified. A new system is proposed to address these problems. A cost analysis of the system is compared to a cost analysis of a proposed system; the proposed system cost is significantly lower.

  13. {open_quotes}Successful and cost-effective commercial waste prevention and recycling programs{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Bradley, A.L. [Knox County Solid Waste Department, TN (United States)

    1996-08-01

    Components of an integrated solid waste management program are detailed, with emphasis on government and business partnerships. The program incorporates waste reduction, reuse, waste exchange, recycling, composting, and recycled product procurement. Program options, which focus on educational materials, methods, and technical assistance for promoting commercial waste prevention and recycling, are specified for the business, manufacturing, and industrial sectors. A sample commercial recycling program budget and budget description is included.

  14. BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;ASSESSMENT AND CONTROL OF NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION OF AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS: A PRACTICAL APPROACH&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    This book is geared to environmental specialists and planners, heavy on the technical side. It goes beyond tranditional nonpoint source (NPS) approaches which typically only look at stormwater as athe sole NPS pollution driver. There is some overreaching material beyond the conte...

  15. COMMENT ON &QUOT;PERCHLORATE IDENTIFICATION IN FERTILIZERS&QUOT; AND THE SUBSEQUENT ADDITION/CORRECTION [LETTER TO EDITOR

    EPA Science Inventory

    Perchlorate contamination has been reported in several fertilizer materials and not just in mined Chile saltpeter, where it is a welo-known natural impurity. To survey fertilizers for perchlorate, two analytical techniques have been applied to 45 products that span agricultural, ...

  16. Word with internal double-quote mark ("): " " Word with double-quote mark (") before the last letter: "

    E-print Network

    Wintner, Shuly

    dictionary. "The CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) released its budget." "She works at the Culinary Institute of America (CIA)." "Alumni of the Cleveland Institute of Art support the CIA." Acronyms affect NLP

  17. AN &QUOT;INJURY-TIME INTEGRAL&QUOT; MODEL FOR RELATING ACUTE TO CHRONIC INJURY TO PHOSGENE

    EPA Science Inventory

    ABSTRACT The present study compares acute and subchronic episodic exposures to phosgene to test the applicability of the "concentration x time" (C x T) product as a measure of exposure dose, and to relate acute toxicity and adaptive responses to chronic toxicity. Rats (m...

  18. 2,2&QUOT;,4,4&QUOT;-TETRABROMODIPHENYL (PBDE 47) ALTERS THYROID FUNCTION IN THE RAT.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Two commercial PBDE mixtures, DE-71 and DE-79, cause dose-dependent depletion of serum T4 via induction of UGTs and increased CYP1A1 activity. This work characterized the effect of a major congener, PBDE-47, in DE-71 for effects on hepatic enzymes and thyroid hormones. Female 27...

  19. Superconductivity of {open_quotes}conducting polymer-fullerene alkali metal{close_quotes} composites: Dreams and realities

    SciTech Connect

    Zakhidov, A.A.; Yoshino, K. [Osaka Univ. (Japan)

    1996-10-01

    Composites of fullerene C{sub 60} with conjugated polymers (CP) like polyalkylthiophene (PAT) and polyphenylene vinylene derivative (OO-PPV) have earlier demonstrated intensive charge transfer upon photoexcitation. Doping of CP/C{sub 60} composites by A metal vapors (A=K,Rb) is aimed at C{sub 60} induced SC, in which electrons of CP chains may participate in SC pairing, induced via hybridization with C{sub 60} molecules. We have found an SC phase experimentally both in PAT. (C{sub 60}) {sub y}K{sub x} and OO.PPV (C{sub 60}){sub y}K{sub x} by a sensitive method of low field microwave absorption (LFMA), and proved by SQUID. The SCT{sub c} ranges from 12 to 17 K, depending on y and x. This SC phase shows a granular behavior in LFMA, and thus originates from SC A{sub 3}C{sub 60} clusters weakly linked by Josephson junctions. True C{sub 60} induced SC might be masked by granular A{sub 3}C{sub 60}. Anomalous LFMA and paramagnetic Meissner effects observed in SQUID, indicate the existence of Josephson {pi}-junctions. CP is apparently involved in SC via spin carrying polarons P in CP chains, which play a role of {pi}-junctions. Strategies for further search of C{sub 60} induced SC are discussed.

  20. TRANSPORT, RADIATIVE, AND DYNAMICAL EFFECTS OF THE ANTARCTIC OZONE HOLE: A GFDL &QUOT;SKYHI"; MODEL EXPERIMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    The GFDL 'SKYHI' general circulation model has been used to simulate the effect of the Antarctic "ozone hole" phenomenon on the radiative and dynamical environment of the lower stratosphere. oth the polar ozone destruction and photochemical restoration chemistries are calculated ...

  1. Construction and analysis of a panel of {open_quotes}whole genome{close_quotes} radiation hybrids

    SciTech Connect

    Cox, D.R.; O`Connor, K.; Hebert, S. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    In an effort to generate a single panel of radiation hybrid cell lines that can be used to construct a radiation hybrid map of the entire human genome, we have fused diploid male human lymphoblastoid cells exposed to 8000 rad of X-rays with unirradiated Chinese hamster cells deficient for the enzyme thymidine kinase (TK), and selected for radiation hybrids in the presence of HAT selective medium. Genomic DNA isolated from each of 85 independent hybrids was assayed in duplicate for the presence of 100 STSs representing at least two STSs from each of the 23 human chromosomes. The retention frequency of individual markers was found to vary from 5% to 58%, with an average retention of 17%. In addition, each radiation hybrid was scored for the retention of 85 STSs derived from a 25 Mb region of the proximal short arm of chromosome 4. An algorithm developed specifically for use with diploid radiation hybrid data was used to construct a map. Our results indicate that this set of diploid radiation hybrids can be used to construct a radiation hybrid map of the entire human genome at an average resolution of approximately 500kb.

  2. BIG KARL and COSY: Examples for high performance magnet design taught by {open_quotes}Papa Klaus{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Bechtstedt, U.; Hacker, U.; Maier, R.; Martin, S. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Juelich (Germany); Berg, G.P.A. [Indiana Univ. Cyclotron Facility, Bloomington, IN (United States); Hardt, A. [Fachhochschule Aachen Juelich (Germany); Huerlimann, W. [Power Consulting Ltd., Baden (Switzerland); Meissburger, J. [Institut fuer angewandte Mathematik, Juelich (Germany); Roemer, J.G.M. [Leybold-Heraeus GmbH, Koeln (Germany)] [and others

    1995-02-01

    The past decades have seen a tremendous development in nuclear, middle, and high energy physics. This advance was in a great part promoted by the availability of newer and more powerful instruments. Over time, these instruments grew in size as well as in sophistication and precision. Nearly all these devices had one fundamental thing in common - magnetic fields produced with currents and iron. The precision demanded by the new experiments and machines did bring the magnet technology to new frontiers requiring the utmost in the accuracy of magnetic fields. The complex properties of the iron challenged innumerable physicists in the attempt to force the magnetic fields into the desired shape. Experience and analytical insight were the pillars for coping with those problems and only few mastered the skills and were in addition able to communicate their intricate knowledge. It was a fortuitous situation that the authors got to know Klaus Halbach who belonged to those few and who shared his knowledge contributing thus largely to the successful completion of two large instruments that were built at the Forschungszentrum Juelich, KFA, for nuclear and middle energy physics. In one case the efforts went to the large spectrometer named BIG KARL whose design phase started in the early 70`s. In the second case the work started in the early 80`s with the task to build a high precision 2.5 GeV proton accelerator for cooled stored and extracted beams known as COSY-Juelich.

  3. Autosomal dominant {open_quotes}Opitz{close_quotes} GBBB syndrome due to a 22q11.2 deletion

    SciTech Connect

    McDonald-McGinn, D.M.; Emanuel, B.S.; Zackai, E.H. [Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    1996-08-23

    The classification of Opitz GBBB syndrome has been associated with the deletion of the DiGeorge chromosome region on human chromosome 22q11.2. The broad phenotype involved in this deletion syndrome has been referred to as the DiGeorge/velocardiofacial syndrome. The clinical description of the patient will influence the diagnosis of the syndrome. More cooperation between the clinicians and the molecular researchers is necessary in order to locate the gene(s) for these disorders. 11 refs.

  4. INFLUENCE OF EXPOSURE HISTORY ON VITELLOGENIN INDUCTION IN MEDAKA: A CASE OF &QUOT;ESTROGEN MEMORY&QUOT;?

    EPA Science Inventory

    Influence of Exposure History on Vitellogenin Induction in Medaka: a Case of "Estrogen Memory"? (Abstract). Mar. Environ. Res. 50(1-5):196. In this study, we exposed female medaka to aqueous solutions of o,p'-DDT until tissues residues reached approximately 100 g/g. Male...

  5. United States based agricultural {open_quotes}waste products{close_quotes} as fillers in a polypropylene homopolymer

    SciTech Connect

    Jacobson, R.E.; Rowell, R.M.; Caulfield, D.F. [Forest Products Lab., Madison, WI (United States)] [and others

    1995-11-01

    With the advent of modern coupling agents (MAPP or maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene), the potential use of various types of renewable, sustainable agricultural byproducts as fillers in thermoplastics is explored. Over 7.7 billion pounds of fillers were used in the plastics industry in 1993. With sharp price increases in commodity thermoplastics (i.e. approximately 25% in 94`), the amount of fillers in thermoplastic materials will increase throughout the 90`s. Various types of agricultural fibers are evaluated for mechanical properties vs. 50% wood flour and 40% talc filled polypropylene (PP). The fibers included in this study are: kenaf core, oat straw, wheat straw, oat hulls, wood flour (pine), corncob, hard corncob, rice hulls, peanut hulls, corn fiber, soybean hull, residue, and jojoba seed meal. Composite interfaces were modified with MAPP to improve the mechanical properties through increased adhesion between the hydrophilic and polar fibers with the hydrophobic and non-polar matrix. The agro-waste composites had compositions of 50% agro-waste/48% PP/2% MAPP. All of the agricultural waste by-products were granulated through a Wiley mill with a 30 mesh screen and compounded in a high intensity shear-thermo kinetic mixer. The resultant blends were injection molded into ASTM standard samples and tested for tensile, flexural, and impact properties. This paper reports on the mechanical properties of the twelve resultant composites and compares them to wood flour and talc-filled polypropylene composites. The mechanical properties of kenaf core, oat straw, wheat straw, and oat hulls compare favorably to the wood flour and talc-filled PP, which are both commercially available and used in the automotive and furniture markets.

  6. LES [open quote]iced[close quote] inlet nets utility another 14 MW of peaking at zero fuel cost

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Piolenc; M. de

    2009-01-01

    Lincoln Electric System (LES) headquarters in Lincoln, Nebraska completed installation of the largest thermal energy ice storage and transfer system (TES) in North America this past summer, in time for site demonstrations held during September 1991. Following demonstrations, LES carried out its first successful summer peaking of the system installed on an upgraded General Electric MS7001B gas turbine at the

  7. Giant fields of the late 80s associated with type [open quotes]A[close quotes] subduction in South America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Duval; C. Cramez; J. Figuera; R. Lander; G. Hernandez

    1993-01-01

    About 10 billion bbl of recoverable oil have been found in these three fields for which the petroleum generating subsystem is very similar. The potential source rocks are the organic sediments associated with the major downlap surface of the post-Pangea continental encroachment sedimentary cycle, i.e., MFS 91, 5 Ma (La Luna formation). However, the concentrating physico-chemical petroleum subsystem is quite

  8. California says [open quotes]whoa [close quotes] to retail wheeling. [California is reassessing competition among local utilities

    SciTech Connect

    Fetter, S.M.

    1994-06-15

    The recent California Public Utilities Commission initiative to open the state's electric utilities to greater competition sent shivers through the industry. However, initial fears that the proposal would be implemented in its current form, thereby severely impacting the state's electric utilities and prompting other states to follow, were premature. Far from being the Commission's final word on competition, the initiative simply represents an invitation to interested parties to comment on what accounts to a reformulation of previous Commission staff proposals.

  9. Congress`s nuclear waste {open_quotes}contract with America{close_quotes}Where do we go from here?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Callen

    1995-01-01

    The 50-year history of the U.S. high-level nuclear waste program claims not a single kilogram of waste disposed. Now more than ever this matter demands a solution, for economic and other reasons. There are many things that must be corrected if the waste program is to ever turn the corner. There must be established an independent public corporation with a

  10. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Continuum Tamm-Dancoff approximation calculations for the escape widths of the isobaric analog state and Gamow-Teller resonance in ²°⁸Bi{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. P. Knobles; S. A. Stotts; T. Udagawa

    1996-01-01

    A response is made to the Comment in Ref. . The discussion centers on two approaches to evaluate the nuclear response in the continuum. Both approaches approximate the damping mechanism and can be considered complementary to each other since they can be used to study different aspects of the nuclear response. The issue of self-consistency between the mean field and

  11. Reply to {open_quote}{open_quote}Comment on {open_quote}Strangeness enhancement in {ital p}+{ital A} and S+{ital A} interactions at energies near 200{ital A} GeV{close_quote}{close_quote}{close_quote}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Gyulassy; V. Topor Pop; X. N. Wang

    1996-01-01

    In this Reply we argue that the factor of 4 enhancement of the local midrapidity densities of and the strong suppression of in the projectile fragmentation region in {ital p}+S relative to {ital p}+{ital p} reactions provide strong evidence of nonequilibrium dynamics in strangeness production. Second, we show that the dramatic changes in the rapidity distributions in

  12. Experience with optical {open_quotes}PT`s and CT`s{close_quotes} at 500kV, for metering and relaying

    SciTech Connect

    Pease, J. [Bonneville Power Administration, Vancouver, WA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    For most of this century, the measurement of transmission voltages and currents have been accomplished with magnetic or capacitive devices that transform primary power system quantities to 115 and 67 volts and 5 amps, secondary. The secondary currents are capable of transmitting 5 kW of power during system transients that demand long runs of No. 12 wire to reduce burden and prevent saturation. This cabling is expensive to purchase and install requiring substantial design expertise to provide the electrical isolation. Also, the failure of these devices is often explosive, creating unplanned outages and subjecting personnel to potential injury when failures occur. This report discusses the evaluation of 500 kV optical voltage and current transducers that are a part of the Advanced Substation Project. One objective of the project is to incorporate all substation control, protection and metering on one optical communication bus. All substation functions and equipment will be remotely accessed via telephone modems or dedicated communications. The overall project goal is to reduce the cost of substation equipment and design. Operation and maintenance schedules will be reduced with equipment that is self diagnostic, automatically signaling component failures as they occur.

  13. DETERMINING THE &QUOT;MARGIN OF INCREMENTAL EXPOSURE&QUOT;: AN APPROACH TO ASSESSING NON-CANCER HEALTH EFFECTS OF DIOXINS

    EPA Science Inventory

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidance issued in April 1994 for performing screening level risk analyses of emissions from facilities that burn hazardous waste does not address the evaluation of non-cancer health effects from dioxin emissions. Historically, EPA has ...

  14. COMMENTS ON &QUOT;SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANONITRATES IN AMBIENT AEROSOL COLLECTED IN HOUSTON, TEXAS,&QUOT; AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 36:983-992 (2002)

    EPA Science Inventory

    A previous article in this journal reported the results of an FTIR analysis of the ambient aerosol collected during a file study in Houston, Texas during August and September of 2000. The emphasis of that article was on the organonitrates collected during the study. In the disc...

  15. On-going and proposed research with highest-charge-state ions extracted from an {open_quotes}electron beam ion trap{close_quotes} (EBIT)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1993-01-01

    High-charge-state thorium (up to 80+) and uranium (up to 70+) ions have been extracted from an electron-beam ion trap (EBIT). The ions were produced after injecting low-charge-state thorium and uranium ions from a metallic vapor vacuum arc ion source into the trap. The extracted ions from EBIT provide microsecond-wide ion-beam pulses of about 10⁴ ions per second. The production and

  16. Detection of {open_quotes}cryptic{close_quotes}karyotypic rearrangements in closely related primate species by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using human subtelomeric DNA probes

    SciTech Connect

    Youngblom, J.J. [California State University-Stanislaus, Turlock, CA (United States); Trask, B.J.; Friedman, C. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Specific human subtelomeric DNA probes were used to reveal cryptic chromosomal rearrangements that cannot be detected by conventional high resolution cytogenetic techniques, or by chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization using whole chromosome paint analysis. Two cosmids containing different subtelomeric DNA sequences were derived from human chromosome 19 and designated as 7501 and 16432. Cosmid 7501 was hybridized to chromosomes from humans, chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan. In humans, 7501 consistently labeled chromosomes 3q, 15q, and 19p. Additional chromosomes were labeled in different individuals, indicating a polymorphic distribution of this sequence in the human genome. In contrast, 7501 consistently and strongly labeled only the q arm terminus of chromosome 3 in both chimp and gorilla. The identification of the chromosome was made by two-color FISH analysis using human chromosome 4-specific paint and homologous to human chromosome 4. None of the human subjects showed labeling of chromosome 4 with 7501. This finding suggests that in the course of human evolution, subsequent to the divergence of humans and African apes, a cryptic translocation occurred between the ancestral human chromosome 4 and one or more of the other human chromosomes that now contain this DNA segment. In orangutan, 7501 labeled a single acrocentric chromosome pair, a distinctly different chromosome than that labeled in chimp and gorilla. Comparison of chromosome sites labeled with cosmid 16432 showed the distribution of signals on chromosome 1q arm is the same for humans and chimp, but different in the gorilla. Humans and chimps show distinct labeling on sites 1q terminus and 1q41-42. In gorilla, there is instead a large cluster of intense signal near the terminus of 1q that clearly does not extend all the way to the terminus. A paracentric inversion or an unequal cross-over event may account for the observed difference between these species.

  17. Nature of plant stimulators in the production of Acetobacter xylinum ({open_quotes}Tea fungas{close_quotes}) biofilm used in skin therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Fontana, J.D.; Franco, V.C.; Lyra, I.N.; De Souza, A.M. [Federal Univ. of Parana, Curitiba (Brazil); De Souza, S. [BioFill Produtos Biotecnologicos S/A, Curitiba (Brazil)

    1991-12-31

    Caffeine and related xanthines were identified as potent stimulators for the bacterial cellulose production in A. xylinum. These compounds are present in several plants whose infusions are useful as culture-medium supplements for this acetobacterium. The proposed target for these native purine-like inhibitory substances is the novel diguanyl nucleotide phosphodiesterase(s) that participates in the bacterial cellulogenic complex.

  18. Assessment of possible consequences of a hypothetical reactivity accident associated with a {open_quotes}Topaz-2{close_quotes} spacecraft reactor entering water

    SciTech Connect

    Glushkov, E.S.; Ermoshin, M.Yu.; Ponomarev-Stepnoi; Skorlygin, V.V.

    1994-12-01

    An accident analysis for a Russian Topaz-2 nuclear reactor is summarized. The accident scenario involves emergency return from orbit, severe damage to reactor structural elements, and subsequent falling of the reactor core into the ocean. The thermionic converter reactor, used in spacecraft, has a large neutron leakage which decreases when water enters the inner core cavity. Preliminary results of numerical modeling, summarized in the article, show that the possible consequences of the hypothetical accidental submersion are limited. 8 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Conference on the topic: {open_quotes}Exploration and production of petroleum and gas from chalk reservoirs worldwide{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Kuznetsov, V.G.

    1995-07-01

    More than 170 delegates from 14 countries in Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia took part in a conference on the topic: Exploration and Production of Petroleum and Gas from Chalk Reservoirs Worldwide. The conference was held in Copenhagen, Denmark in September,1994, and was a joint meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG), and the European Association of Petroleum Geoscientists and Engineers (EAPG). In addition to the opening remarks, 25 oral and nine poster reports were presented. The topics included chalk deposits as reservoir rocks, the occurrence of chalk deposits worldwide, the North Sea oil and gas fields, and other related topics.

  20. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; HORIBA INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED OCMA-350 CONTENT ANALYZER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The OCMA-350 Oil Content Analyzer(OCMA-350) developed by Horiba Instruments Incorporated (Horiba), was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Huen...

  1. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; WILKS ENTERPRISE, INC. INFRACAL TOG/TPH ANALYZER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The hifracal' TOG/TPH Analyzer developed by Wilks Enterprise, Inc. (Wilks), was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Hueneme, California. The pu...

  2. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; SITELAB CORPORATION SITELAB ANALYTICAL TEST KIT UVF-3100A

    EPA Science Inventory

    site LAB(& Analytical Test Kit UVF-3 I OOA (UVF-3 I OOA) developed by siteLABqD Corporation (siteLABa)) was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in ...

  3. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS CORPORATION SYNCHRONOUS SCANNING LUMINOSCOPE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Synchronous Scanning Luminoscope (Luminoscope) developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in collaboration with Environmental Systems Corporation (ESC) was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program i...

  4. Value\\/impact analysis of Generic Issue 94, \\/open quotes\\/Additional Low Temperature Overpressure Protection for Light Water Reactors\\/close quotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. F. Gore; T. V. Vo; A. J. Colburn; E. J. Eschbach; M. S. Harris

    1988-01-01

    This document presents a value\\/impact analysis of the expected risk reduction and associated costs for seven regulatory alternatives which have been proposed to resolve the generic issue of low temperature overpressure (LTOP) transients. It also presents an analysis of the reduction of public risk which was accomplished by the 1979 imposition of requirements for LTOP transient protection, when LTOP had

  5. PRELIMINARY PARTICULATE MATTER MASS CONCENTRATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH LONGITUDINAL PANEL STUDIES &QUOT;ASSESSING HUMAN EXPOSURES OF HIGH RISK SUBPOPULATIONS TO PARTICULATE MATTER&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The NERL Particulate Matter Longitudinal Panel Studies were used to characterize temporal variations of personal exposure to PM and related co-pollutants, including that of PM measured at ambient sites. These studies were fundamental in understanding the associations between p...

  6. You won`t find these leaks with a blower door: The latest in {open_quotes}leaking electricity{close_quotes} in homes

    SciTech Connect

    Rainer, L. [Davis Energy Group, CA (United States); Greenberg, S.; Meier, A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

    1996-08-01

    Leaking electricity is the energy consumed by appliances when they are switched off or not performing their principal functions. Field measurements in Florida, California, and Japan show that leaking electricity represents 50 to 100 Watts in typical homes, corresponding to about 5 GW of total electricity demand in the United States. There are three strategies to reduce leaking electricity: eliminate leakage entirely, eliminate constant leakage and replace with intermittent charge plus storage, and improve efficiency of conversion. These options are constrained by the low value of energy savings-less than $5 per saved Watt. Some technical and lifestyle solutions are proposed. 13 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  7. Requiem for the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935: The {open_quotes}old{close_quotes} federalism and state regulation of inter-state holding companies

    SciTech Connect

    Moeller, J.W. [Securities and Exchange Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1996-12-31

    This article discusses the proposed reappeal of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935. The act itself, what it intended to accomplish, and what it did accomplish are discussed. The author concludes that the effectiveness of state regulation has been restored so that PUHCA has accomplished its objective and should be repealed.

  8. Formation of {open_quotes}metal wool{close_quotes} structures and dynamics of catalytic etching of platinum surfaces during ammonia oxidation

    SciTech Connect

    Lyubovsky, M.R.; Barelko, V.V. [Institute of Chemical Physics in Chernogolovka, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute of Chemical Physics in Chernogolovka, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1994-09-01

    Reconstruction of a clean surface of a platinum catalyst and a platinum surface covered with gold during ammonia oxidation was studied by SEM observations. It was found that the process of catalytic etching had two sequential stages in which different crystal structures with different rates of growth formed on the surface. The first stage was the formation of parallel facets, and the second stage was the formation of individual microcrystals with perfect crystal faces. It was also found that the second state had a threshold character, beginning after some delay from the start of the reaction. A structure resembling metal wool and consisting of interlaced platinum filaments was found to form on the surface of gold-covered platinum catalysts. Characteristic features of this structure`s development are reported. The growth of filaments is attributed to the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism of whisker growth. On the basis of the observed platinum whisker formation and behavior during ammonia oxidation, a mechanism of catalyst surface reconstruction that explains observed characteristic features of the process of catalytic etching is proposed. 25 refs., 8 figs.

  9. DEMONSTRATION OF THE &QUOT;CONDITIONING EFFECT&QUOT; IN SOIL ORGANIC MATTER IN SUPPORT OF A PORE DEFORMATION MECHANISM FOR SORPTION HYSTERESIS. (R825959)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE, MULTISCALE &QUOT;ONE ATMOSPHERE&QUOT; MODELING SYSTEM: APPLICATION TO THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS. (R826372)

    EPA Science Inventory

    A comprehensive three-dimensional Eulerian photochemical model (URM-1ATM) was developed that simulates urban and regional gas and size-resolved aerosol concentrations of pollutants in the atmosphere and both wet and dry deposition. In this study, RAMS and EMS-95 are used to ge...

  11. QA (Quality Assurance) role in advanced energy activities: Towards an /open quotes/orthodox/close quotes/ Quality Program: Canonizing the traditions at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect

    Bodnarczuk, M.W.

    1988-02-01

    After a brief description of the goal of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) this paper poses and answers three questions related to Quality Assurance (QA) at the Laboratory. First, what is the difference between 'orthodox' and 'unorthodox' QA and is there a place for 'orthodox' QA at a laboratory like Fermilab. Second, are the deeper philosophical and cultural frameworks of high-energy physics acommodating or antagonistic to an 'orthodox' QA Program. Finally, faced with the task of developing an institutional QA program for Fermilab where does one begin. The paper is based on experience with the on-going development and implementation of an institutional QA Program at Fermilab. 10 refs.

  12. The [open quotes]minihole[close quotes] event on 6. Feb. 1990: Influence of mie-scattering on the evaluation of spectroscopic measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Fiedler, M.; Frank, H.; Gomer, T.; Hausmann, M.; Pfeilsticker, K.; Platt, U.

    1993-05-21

    This paper reports on observations of a minihole ozone depletion event near Kiruna, Sweden on February 6, 1990 in groundbased differential optical absorption spectroscopic measurements. The paper presents a general discussion of the method of zenith scattered sunlight spectroscopy, measurement results for total column ozone, and corrections for interference from polar stratospheric clouds in measurements of such trace gases. Mie scattering can greatly affect the intensity distribution of sunlight scattered at zenith angles, resulting in significant errors in the airmass factor for ozone. When corrections for this scattering are taken into account, no ozone depletion was observed.

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION, TEST REPORT OF CONTROL OF BIOAEROSOLS IN HVAC SYSTEMS, FILTRATION GROUP, AEROSTAR &QUOT;C-SERIES"; POLYESTER PANEL FILTER

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Environmental Technology Verification report discusses the technology and performance of the AeroStar "C-Series" Polyester Panel Filter air filter for dust and bioaerosol filtration manufactured by Filtration Group. The pressure drop across the filter was 126 Pa clean and 267...

  14. &QUOT;HEY, MOM, THANKS!&QUOT;: USE OF FOCUS GROUPS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PLACE-SPECIFIC MATERIALS FOR A COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION CAMPAIGN. (R827027)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  15. PLATFORM SESSION &QUOT;IMMUNOTOXICOLOGY";, SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY 45TH ANNUAL MEETING, MARCH 5-9, 2006, SAN DIEGO, CA

    EPA Science Inventory

    For many years the primary endpoints for evaluating the toxicity of xenobiotics were carcinogenicity and mutagenicity. However, it gradually became apparent that exposure to chemicals at levels lower than those shown to be directly carcinogenic may negatively impact other facets...

  16. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; DEXSIL CORPORATION PETROFLAG SYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    The PetroFLAGTm System developed by Dexsilo Corporation (Dexsil) was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the Navy Base Ventura County site in Port Hueneme, California. The purpose o...

  17. Mental retardation in a child with a {open_quotes}de novo{close_quotes} deletion of terminal 14q and a family history of dyslexia

    SciTech Connect

    Mak-Tam, E.; Capua, E.; Shugar, A. [I.O.D.E. Children`s Centre, Ontario (Canada)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    A couple presented for prenatal diagnosis for advanced maternal age. A review of the family history revealed that their elder daughter was mentally retarded while their second daughter was of normal intelligence. The father and his brother were both dyslexic. The paternal grandmother had lost three pregnancies, all female. The elder daughter had been fully assessed in the past, but no diagnosis had been made. During her first few years, she was frequently ill and failed to thrive. A developmental assessment at age 5 years concluded that she was moderately mentally retarded. She was minimally dysmorphic. DNA testing for fragile X and urine amnio acids, organic acids and metabolic screen were negative. Chromosome and FISH analyses revealed a satellited 14q with a deletion of 14q32.3. Parents did not show the karyotypic changes, but FISH studies on them and the dyslexic uncle are pending. A molecular work-up of chromosome 14 in this family is also in progress. In this child, the phenotype is probably related to the cytogenetic findings. The information about 14q terminal deletions in the literature is limited but a fairly consistent phenotype, which is slightly different from ring 14, is emerging. This is more obvious in infants that in older children. The family history of dyslexia could be unrelated to our patient`s findings but it is also possible that there is a recessive gene for dyslexia in this family which maps to 14q32.3. The current molecular map of this area provides no answer to this question. Genes mapped to 14q3.3 include the alpha-1-antitrypsin gene, the brain component of creative kinase (CKB) and the immunoglobulin heavy chain genes. Loss of heterozygosity of 14q has been associated with end stage human neuroblastoma and colonic neoplasia.

  18. Ferric complexes as catalysts for {open_quotes}Fenton{close_quotes} degradation of 2,4-D and metolachlor in soil

    SciTech Connect

    Pignatello, J.J.; Baehr, K.

    1994-03-01

    Fenton-type reactions of hydrogen peroxide with Fe compounds generate bydroxyl radical (OH{center_dot}) or other reactive species and are potentially useful for degrading organic contaminants in soil. The use of simple Fe salts is limited, however. This study investigated certain pH 6-soluble Fe(III) complexes (Fe-L, where L is an organic tigand) as catalysts for degradation of herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and metolachlor (2-chloro-N-[2-ethyl 6-methylphenyl]-N-[2-methoxy-l-methylethyl]acetamide). Reactions were carried out in 1:1 aqueous suspensions of a topsoil (15.7 g kg{sup -1} organic C) at the natural pH of 5.7 with herbicides at concentrations representative of a spill (2-3 g kg{sup -1} about 0.01 mol kg{sup -1}). The two herbicides had contrasting sorption behavior in that 2,4-D was mostly in solution, whereas metotachlor was mostly sorbed. The best results were obtained using Fe-nitrilotriscetate (NTA) or Fe-hydroxyethyleniminodiacetate (HEIDA) at 0.01 mol kg-{sup -1} and [H{sub 2}O{sub 2}]{ge} 0.5 mol kg{sup -1}. The gallic acid complex was less effective. In 3 h,{sup 14}C-labeled 2,4-D was quantitatively dechlorinated and partially (15-30%) converted to {sup 14}CO{sub 2}: metolachlor was 93% transformed and 29% dechlorinated. Controls using free ligand plus peroxide or peroxide alone gave little or no reaction. Fe-L + H{sub 2}O{sub 2} was superior to the Fenton reagent itself (Fe{sup 2+} + H{sub 2}O{sub 2}). The results of this study demonstrate that relatively mild chemical oxidation can be effective for remediation of certain contaminants in soil 23 refs., 2 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Oil spill Cleanup: {open_quote}windows of opportunity{close_quote}: Operational decision-making integrates combination of factors to improve contingency planning, response worldwide

    SciTech Connect

    Nordvik, A.B.; Simmons, J.L. [Marine Spill Response Corp., Washington, DC (United States); Champ, M.A. [Texas A & M Univ. Arlington, VA (United States)

    1995-10-01

    Oil spill contingency planning and response is an extremely complex and challenging cross-disciplinary activity. It combines a wide range of activities under emergency response conditions that include the nature of the material spilled, local environmental conditions, sensitivity of impacted natural resources, and selection and effectiveness of response/cleanup technologies. This also emcompasses emergency mobilization, marine operations and effectiveness of operations, air surveillance, remote sensing, on-site and regional spill trajectory, human protection, safety assessments, oily waste minimization, handling and disposal, and education and training. Effective oil spill planning and response today also requires a large amount of available data and information and the ability to rapidly process and manage this information. In addition, the decision-making process must integrate all of this information on a sound scientific and engineering basis, which is now possible with the technology windows-of-opportunity. This new concept integrates scientific and engineering data and information, which together provide a common foundation for the development of a rapid and cost-effective tool as an operational instrument for oil spill contingency planning and spill response. It is intended to be used by state and federal agencies, response planners, cleanup organizations, insurance companies, tanker owners, and oil transporters.

  20. Oil spill Cleanup: {open_quote}windows of opportunity{close_quote}: Operational decision-making integrates combination of factors to improve contingency planning, response worldwide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. B. Nordvik; J. L. Simmons; M. A. Champ

    1995-01-01

    Oil spill contingency planning and response is an extremely complex and challenging cross-disciplinary activity. It combines a wide range of activities under emergency response conditions that include the nature of the material spilled, local environmental conditions, sensitivity of impacted natural resources, and selection and effectiveness of response\\/cleanup technologies. This also emcompasses emergency mobilization, marine operations and effectiveness of operations, air

  1. The DuPont, Monsanto, General Electric {open_quotes}Lasagna{close_quotes} Remediation Project - joint R&D and financing

    SciTech Connect

    Palmer, P.A.

    1995-03-01

    The Lasagna project is the first of what we expect will be several large cooperative projects between industry consortia and government to develop improved remediation technologies. In 1992, Monsanto Company began contacting other major corporations to see if they were experiencing similar difficulties in applying cost-effective, or even workable technologies for industrial site remediation. Both General Electric and DuPont were early participants in the effort to develop a meeting with the EPA to discuss technical problems faced in cleanup, research needs, and ways to accelerate development of more cost-effective techniques. This paper provides some background on how this cooperative process came to reality, what the Lasagna process is and how the cooperative arrangements and financing are structured.

  2. SOLVATION OF 1-BUTYL-3-METHYLIMIDAZOLIUM HEXAFLUOROPHOSPHATE IN AQUEOUS ETHANOL-A GREEN SOLUTION FOR DISSOLVING &QUOT;HYDROPHOBIC"; IONIC LIQUIDS. (R828257)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  3. The {open_quotes}ASR{close_quotes} story where we are and how we got there: A history of Sandia National Laboratories maintenance employee safety committee

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The Area Safety Representative (ASR) Team is an employee based safety committee that was originated in the latter part of 1994. It was introduced by the Operations and Engineering Center ES&H Coordinator who had heard about an employee based safety program implemented at the EG&G Corporation. This information was the first step in creating Sandia`s Maintenance `Area Safety Representative` (ASR) Program. An advertisement went out from the ES&H Coordinator to all the Maintenance Organizations asking for individuals who would be interested in performing as a volunteer safety representative for their section. The interest was moderate but effective. The committee consisted of one volunteer from each of the working sections within the Maintenance Organization, e.e., HVAC Mechanics, Electricians, Millwrights, Plumbers, Sheetmetal Workers, High-Voltage Technicians, a Union Representative, and representatives from the Operations Group that manage sub-contracted personnel. During the past year, organizational changes have brought about the addition of representatives to include the Planners and the Custodians. The original committee members were enrolled in a 30-hour OSHA Voluntary Compliance Outreach Course. This information provided the members with a broad overview of the Safety Guidelines set forth by OSHA for themselves and their coworkers. It is to be noted that this is an employee based safety team. There are no supervisors or managers on the committee but their attendance is always welcomed at the ASR meetings.

  4. The use of specific binding of peptide-nucleic acid to DNA in the {open_quotes}Achilles heel{close_quotes} method

    SciTech Connect

    Krasil`nikova, M.M.; Izvol`skii, K.I.; Krupnik, O.V.; Lazurkin, Yu.S. [Institute of Molecular Genetics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1995-09-01

    The `Achilles heel` method (AHM) is used in the design of random-cleavage restriction endonucleases. These promising compounds can be widely used in practice, particularly for genomic DNA mapping. DNA is complexed with a site-specific DNA-binding reagent (protein or oligonucleotide) and then treated with methylase. The methylation sites overlapping with or adjacent to the DNA-binding sites of the reagent are protected from methylation. Thereafter, methylase is inactivated, the DNA-binding reagent is removed, and DNA is cleaved by the restriction endonuclease corresponding to the methylase used. As a result, DNA is cleaved only at those restriction sites that were protected by the DNA-binding reagent from methylation. Until now, proteins or oligonucleotides were used as site-specific DNA-binding reagents. Here, we report on the use of a peptide-nucleic acid (PNA) in AHM. 7 refs., 4 figs.

  5. REPLY TO COMMENT ON &QUOT;SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF SEA-SALT EMISSIONS AS A FUNCTION OF RELATIVE HUMIDITY&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper presents a response to the discussion by Ernie Lewis and Steven Schwartz, which was spurred by the publication of our Technical Note. The equations that we proposed initially are modified slightly based on the comments by Lewis and Schwartz....

  6. Comment on [open quotes]Weathering, plants, and the long-term carbon cycle[close quotes] by Robert A. Berner

    SciTech Connect

    Schwartzman, D. (Howard Univ., Washington, DC (United States))

    1993-05-01

    Schwartzman contends that lichens and other microbes may significantly contribute to chemical denudation of exposed rock by their combined physical and chemical activity. Lichens do not generate a thick soil but they do stabilize already existing soil (cryptogamic). Studies on chemical denudation in soil-free alpine terrains may contribute to a better understanding of the microbial role in weathering since lichens and algae are commonly found on bare rock in these settings.

  7. Summary evaluation of the video, {open_quotes}Transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials: Safety for all concerned{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Monroe, M.C.; Young, C.F.

    1993-07-01

    Outreach materials are often developed and distributed without evaluation of their effectiveness. This report provides a glimpse of the effectiveness of one of the US Department of Energy`s videos on transportation of radioactive and hazardous materials. Data from a survey developed by Modern Talking Picture Service, Inc. are summarized. This survey was sent to recipients of the video at three to six weeks after they had received and viewed the video. The response rate is unknown; hence, the results suggest the range of perspectives on the video, rather than the representativeness of those perspectives. The results are also limited by incomplete responses to the survey. Most respondents were middle school and high school teachers who resided throughout the country. Respondents used the video in nearly all school subjects. Most respondents indicated that the video was fairly good and appreciated the factual information, although some saw it as propaganda. Respondents indicated that they would like additional information on hazardous wastes, nuclear power, and transportation. The test crashes were mentioned as a highlight of the video. Recommendations for revising the video and survey are included.

  8. DISCUSSION OF &QUOT;DETECTION OF CRYPTOSPORIDIUM PARVUM IN SECONDARY EFFLUENTS USING A MOST PROBABLE NUMBER-POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION ASSAY&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The emphasis of this paper is to show that most probable number-polymerase chain reaction (MPNPCR) assay can be used to detect Cryptosporidium parvum in WWTP effluents as an alternative to immunfluorescent assay (IFA). I am concerned, however, that the paper suggests that all WW...

  9. Development and demonstration of a teleoperated modular {open_quotes}snake{close_quotes} robot system. Final report, September 30, 1986--December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Tesar, D.; Hooper, R.

    1995-04-12

    The U.S. Department of Energy has provided support to four universities and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in order to pursue research leading to the development and deployment of advanced robotic systems capable of performing tasks that generate significant occupational radiation exposure and/or whose execution times can be reduced if performed by an automated system. The goal was to develop advanced robotic systems capable of performing surveillance, maintenance, and repair tasks in nuclear facilities and other hazardous environments. The approach to achieving the program objective was a transition from teleoperation to the capability of autonomous operation within three successive generations of robotic systems. The robotic system will always have the capability to request human assistance. The development of general purpose robots to perform skilled labor tasks in restricted environments was shown to have extensive payback in areas of energy systems (nuclear and fossil units), chemical plants, fire fighting, space operations, underwater activities, defense, and other hazardous activities. The strategy that was used to achieve the program goals in an efficient and timely manner consisted in utilizing, and advancing where required, state-of-the-art robotics technology through close interaction between the universities and the manufacturers and operators of nuclear power plants. The research effort showed that a broad range of applications for the robotic systems existed for the improved operation of nuclear reactors and in other hazardous tasks. As a consequence, each institution was able to obtain additional support from other agencies, e.g., DoD and NASA. Areas of cooperation with other nations (e.g., Japan, France, Germany) were utilized.

  10. DETERMINATION OF THE MERCURY COMPLEXATION CHARACTERISTICS OF DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER IN NATURAL WATERS WITH &QUOT;REDUCIBLE HG&QUOT; TITRATIONS. (R827635)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  11. A NEW TYPE OF &QUOT;LAKE EFFECT&QUOT;? - SEICHE-DRIVEN NUTRIENT INPUT TO A COASTAL GREAT LAKE ECOSYSTEM

    EPA Science Inventory

    Like tidal influx at the ocean-estuarine discontinuity, the action of seiches upon coastal ecosystems of large lakes is understudied and the complexity warrants an array of biological, chemical, and physical approaches....

  12. SSC 17-meter dipole magnet DD000Z test results and investigation of coil failure: The report of the {open_quotes}Z{close_quotes} Committee

    SciTech Connect

    Coombes, R. [ed.; Mirk, K.; Tompkins, J.; Zbasnik, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Lundy, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Schneider, W.; Wanderer, P. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1988-03-01

    Following the failure of the lower inner coil of magnet DD000Z on November 3, 1987, a committee was formed on November 11 and given the following charges: `To review the events leading up to and including the failure of the coils of magnet DD000Z. The intent of the review will be to determine the cause of the failure and to make recommendations to reduce the likelihood of such failures in the future. Given the fact that this is the first long magnet to be disassembled, the committee may uncover leads which point to other opportunities for improvement. The committee should follow up on these leads. The committee should prepare a plan to serve as an initial guide for the disassembly and provide guidance as the disassembly progresses.` The committee held its first meeting at FNAL on 17 and 18 Nov to review the record of events leading up to the failure and to establish an initial disassembly procedure. This was followed by further meetings at FNAL, BNL, and CDG, leading to this final report. Committee activities included interviewing personnel who had been involved in the design, assembly and testing of DD000Z, reviewing all documents relating to the magnet and its failure, and participating in and providing guidance during the disassembly. The intention of the committee was to report factual findings, to consider well founded hypotheses, not to consider conjecture and to avoid speculation.

  13. COMMENTS ON &QUOT;MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC MERCURY SPECIES AT A COASTAL SITE IN THE ANTARCTIC AND OVER THE SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN DURING POLAR SUMMER&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    Attached comment submitted to Environmental Science and Technology entitled, Comments on "Measurements of Atmospheric Mercury Species at a Costal Site in the Antarctic and over the South Atlantic Ocean during Polar Summer" by Temme et al. Environmental Science and Technology 37 (...

  14. [2 + 2 + 2]Cycloadditions of alkynes to furans and thiophenes. A cobalt-mediated [open quotes]enol ether walk[close quotes

    SciTech Connect

    Boese, R. (Universitaet-GH Essen (Germany)); Harvey, D.F.; Malaska, M.J.; Vollhardt, K.P.C. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

    1994-11-30

    Involvement of the 2,3-double bond of furan and thiophene in cycloadditions is relatively uncommon, usually limited to specific substrates or by special conditions. Our finding that indoles, pyrroles, imidazoles, and uracils can be activated by CpCo to undergo cocyclizations with alkynes suggested an extension of these efforts to the title heterocycles, in particular because the latter constitute new brackets for the degree of aromaticity (furan lowest, thiophene highest) that is subject to neutralization in these reactions and because the anticipated enol (thio)ether products exhibit potential synthetic utility. This study demonstrates that the cobalt-mediated [2 + 2 + 2] methodology can be extended to furans and thiophenes but that in these, and possibly generally in related heteroalkenes, the generation of potential dienylic leaving groups in the resulting CpCo diene product may cause rearrangements and that formal C-H activations may complicate the outcome of the reaction. The observation that the relatively highly aromatic thiophene nucleus functions as a cocyclization partner points the way to a number of even more challenging substrates in this process. 20 refs.

  15. Characterization of printing and laser trimming of DuPont 2000 series resistors on DuPont 951 {open_quotes}Green Tape{trademark}{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Morgenstern, H.; Bandler, S.; Barner, G.

    1996-10-01

    DuPont 2000 series resistors were reviewed and found to come closest to our requirement of 1% resistor tolerance over the expected 30-year life of our products. The evaluation performed involved the characterization of both the printing and trimming processes. The printing process was characterized for firing temperature print thickness, print direction, resistor geometry and encapsulant effect. Laser trimming was characterized by first finding an operating envelope and then selecting an operating point. The envelope was located by varying the trimming parameters and determining their acceptability to electrical and visual criteria. Samples from both the envelope and operating point were environmentally conditioned The conditioning included thermal shock temperature cycle, 1000-hour temperature aging, 1000-hour humidity aging, and a simulated gold/tin solder reflow.

  16. IMPORTANCE OF &QUOT;GREEN TIDES&QUOT; IN A PACIFIC NORTHWEST ESTUARY: PRODUCTION DYNAMICS OF EELGRASS (ZOSTERA MARINA), DWARF EELGRASS (Z. JAPONICA) AND ENTEROMORPHA SPP.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Benthic macrophytes play a large role in the ecology and biogeochemistry of estuaries. I examine the relative contribution of macrophytes (seagrass and macroalgae) to overall productivity of a macrotidal system. Biomass data from Yaquina Bay suggests that although these seagras...

  17. {open_quotes}What you don`t know can`t hurt you{close_quotes}: The right to know and the Shetland Island oil spill

    SciTech Connect

    Button, G.V. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    1995-06-01

    This paper, an account of the Shetlands Islands oil spill (1993), examines the public health controversies surrounding the spill and the clean-up response. It critically examines the risk management policies of both the United Kingdom and the Shetland Islands Public Health Office, and suggests that the withholding of critical information contributed to increased anxiety and suspicion among the disaster victims. In an attempt to reassure the victims, the policies contributed to an increased air of uncertainty. It is further argued with the withholding of information prevents those who are at greatest risk from participating in critical decisions that may affect their health and livelihoods and asserts that a right-to-know policy is a critical first step in risk management practices.

  18. VARIATION OF THE EXPRESSION OF ENDOGENOUS &QUOT;HOUSEKEEPING"; GENES IN B[A]P TREATED MOUSE LUNGS MEASURED BY qRT-PCR

    EPA Science Inventory

    Quantitative RT-PCR is frequently used to analyze gene expression in different experimental systems. In this assay, housekeeping genes are frequently used to normalize for the variability between samples (relative quantification). We have examined the utility of using qRT-PCR and...

  19. {open_quotes}The effects of diabetes on the activity of the enzyme glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amindotransferase{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, S.P.

    1994-12-31

    Hexsoamine synthetic pathway (HexNSP) controls the supply of essential substrates for glycoprotein synthesis. In vitro studies suggest that increased flux of glucose via the hexsoamine synthetic pathway may play a role in glucose induced insulin resistance of glucose transport. Glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate amindotransferase (GFAT) controls flux into the hexsoamine synthetic pathway; the major products are UDPN-acetylhexosamines (UDP.HexNac=UDP.GlcNAc= UDP.GalNac). I examined whether diabetes ({approximately} 7 days post intravenous streptozotocin, and genetically linked) affects the activity of glutamine: fructose-6-phosphate in rat and mouse skeletal muscle in vivo. Nucleotide linked HexNAc were analyzed by high pressure liquid chromatography(HPLC) in deproteinized hind limb muscle extracts.

  20. Conference on the topic: {open_quotes}Exploration and production of petroleum and gas from chalk reservoirs worldwide{close_quotes}

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kuznetsov

    1995-01-01

    More than 170 delegates from 14 countries in Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia took part in a conference on the topic: Exploration and Production of Petroleum and Gas from Chalk Reservoirs Worldwide. The conference was held in Copenhagen, Denmark in September,1994, and was a joint meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG), and the European Association of

  1. [open quotes]Interactive effects of O[sub 3] and CO[sub 2] enrichment on photosynthetic acclimation. II. Non-biochemical limitations[close quotes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. L. Fiscus; C. D. Reid; K. O. Burkey

    1994-01-01

    Non-biochemical limitations in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated atmospheric CO[sub 2] and O[sub 3] may be partitioned between stomatal diffusion and energy capture. To determine the importance of these limitations on the mechanisms of photosynthetic acclimation, soybean (Glycine max) plants were grown in a 4 CO[sub 2] [times] 3 O[sub 3] combination in open-top field chambers for one growing seasons. Midday

  2. Augmented Computer Exercise for Inspection Training (ACE-IT) - an interactive training tool for {open_quotes}challenge inspections{close_quotes} under the chemical weapons convention

    SciTech Connect

    Dobranich, P.R.

    1997-08-01

    The on-site inspection provisions in many current and proposed arms control agreements require extensive preparation and training on the part of both the Inspection Teams and the Inspected Parties. Current training techniques include lectures, table-top inspections, and practice inspections. The Augmented Computer Exercise for Inspection Training (ACE-IT), an interactive computer training tool, increases the utility of table-top inspections. Under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) challenge inspections are short-notice inspections that may occur anywhere, anytime, and with no right of refusal. The time interval between notice of intent to inspect a facility and the arrival of inspectors at the facility may be as short as 72 hours. Therefore, advance training is important. ACE-IT is used for training both the Inspection Team (inspector) and the Inspected Party (host) to conduct a hypothetical challenge inspection under the CWC. An exercise moderator controls the exercise. The training covers all of the events in the challenge inspection regime, from initial notification of an inspection through post-inspection activities. But the primary emphasis of the training tool is on conducting the inspection itself, and in particular, the concept of managed access. Managed access is used to assure the inspectors that the facility is in compliance with the CWC, while protecting sensitive information that is not related to the CWC.

  3. THE RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT AND HERBIVORY ON MACROALGAL COMMUNITIES NEAR NORMAN'S POND CAY, EXUMAS CAYS, BAHAMAS: A &QUOT;NATURAL"; ENRICHMENT EXPERIMENT. (R830414)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The simultaneous effects of grazing and nutrient enrichment on macroalgal communities were experimentally investigated using plastic mesh enclosure/exclosure cages along a natural nutrient (DIN, SRP) gradient from the discharge of a tidal mangrove creek on the west side of Nor...

  4. Plant and environment interactions: Growth and yield response of commercial bearing-age {open_quote}Casselman{close_quote} plum trees to various ozone partial pressures

    SciTech Connect

    Retzlaff, W.A.; Williams, L.E. [Univ. of California, Parlier, CA (United States); DeJong, T.M. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)

    1997-05-01

    Nursery stock of plum (Prunus salicina Lindel., cv. Casselman) was planted 1 Apr. 1988 in an experimental orchard at the Univ. of California Kearney Agricultural Center near Fresno, CA. Trees in this study were enclosed in open-top fumigation chambers on 1 May 1989, and exposed to three atmospheric ozone partial pressures (charcoal filtered air, ambient air, and ambient air + ozone) during the 1989 through 1992 growing seasons (typically 1 Apr. - 1 Nov.). A nonchamber treatment plot was used to assess chamber effects on tree performance. This study details the results of the exposures during the initial commercial bearing period (1991 through 1993) in this orchard. The mean 12-h (0800-2000 h Pacific Daylight Time [PDT]) ozone partial pressures during the experimental periods in the charcoal filtered, ambient, ambient + ozone, and nonchamber treatments averaged 0.031, 0.048, 0.091, and 0.056 {mu}Pa Pa{sup {minus}1} in 1991 and 1992, respectively. Fruit number per tree decreased as atmospheric ozone partial pressure increased from the charcoal filtered to ambient + ozone treatment, significantly affecting yield. Yield of plum trees averaged 23.6, 19.8, 13.7, and 17.9 kg tree{sup {minus}1} in 1991 and 1992 in the charcoal filtered, ambient, ambient + ozone, and nonchamber treatments, respectively. Only one out of the five original treatment plots was exposed to ozone treatments during the 1993 growing season. Yield of plum trees in this single replicate in 1993 was reduced by increased atmospheric ozone partial pressure. Yield of plum trees in the four remaining unexposed treatment plots in 1993 was 16.7, 17.9, and 16.0 kg tree{sup {minus}1} in the previous charcoal filtered, ambient, and ambient + ozone treatments respectively. The similarity in yield of the post-chamber treatments indicates that a change in air quality in the current growing season can affect yield of Casselman plum trees. 26 refs., 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  5. Manufacturing technology improvements for ENTECH{close_quote}s photovoltaic concentrator module

    SciTech Connect

    ONeill, M.J.; McDanal, A.J. [ENTECH, Inc., Dallas-Fort Worth Airport, Texas 75261 (United States)

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes recent improvements in manufacturing technology for a fourth-generation photovoltaic concentrator module. An international team has been utilized to develop and to produce the new line-focus module. The manufacturing process has been streamlined and validated through a pilot run. The favorable impact of the manufacturing technology improvements on module and system costs, and energy economics, is also presented. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  6. Julio Cortzar quotes on normal and abnormal movements: magical realism or reality?

    PubMed

    Merello, Marcelo

    2006-08-01

    Together with Mario Vargas Llosa and Gabriel Garca Mrquez, Julio Cortzar was one of the most representative authors of the Latin American magical realism genre. Within his extensive body of work, many descriptions of characters suffering physical disabilities, as well as situations suggesting such medical conditions, can be extracted. In this review, two short stories by Cortzar are presented. In the first one, the main character could easily be a man suffering from corticobasal degeneration; in the second, an old woman with symptoms suggestive of progressive supranuclear palsy is clearly depicted. Despite the fact that one of the main ingredients in Cortzar's magical realism is fiction, cases described here fit real medical conditions quite well, making it hard to believe that they represent purely fantastic descriptions rather than the product of Cortzar's inquisitive observation and the description of real patients. PMID:16685680

  7. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT; ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION SUPPORT SOFTWARE; ENVIRONMENTAL SOFTWARE SITEPRO VERSION 2.0&QUOT;

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has created the Environmental Technology Verification Program (ETV) to facilitate the deployment of innovative or improved environmental technologies through performance verification and dissemination of information. The goal of the...

  8. More than just great quotes: An introduction to the Canadian Tri-Councils qualitative requirements

    PubMed Central

    Boffa, Jody; Moules, Nancy; Mayan, Maria; Cowie, Robert L

    2013-01-01

    Although at times misunderstood by the general research community, qualitative research has developed out of diverse, rich and complex philosophical traditions and theoretical paradigms. In the most recent Canadian Tri-Council policy statement on the ethical conduct of research involving humans, a chapter was devoted to a summary of methods and methodological requirements that characterize robust qualitative research, despite the diversity of approaches. To dispel common misperceptions about qualitative research and introduce the unfamiliar reader to these requirements, the work of a qualitative study on isoniazid preventive therapy for prophylaxis of tuberculosis published in AIDS is critiqued alongside each of the Tri-Councils nine requirements. PMID:24421811

  9. A Penny for Your Quotes: Patent Citations and the Value of Innovations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Manuel Trajtenberg

    1990-01-01

    The use of patents in economic research has been seriously hindered by the fact that patents vary enormously in their importance or value, and hence, simple patent counts cannot be informative about innovative output. The purpose of this article is to put forward patent counts weighted by citations as indicators of the value of innovations, thereby overcoming the limitations of

  10. Revised for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Dec. 18, 2001 DO NOT QUOTE OR CIRCULATE

    E-print Network

    Clarke, Antony

    A Miniature Optical Particle Counter for In-Situ Aircraft Aerosol Research Antony D. Clarke, Norman C sampling. Initial comparison with other optical particle counters over the Sea of Japan reveal vehicles #12;3 (UAV) where payload limitations constrain the choice of tools available and where sampling

  11. UltraCare International Schools Gold plan Table of benefits Quote reference: IC130918

    E-print Network

    -patient traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture and homeopathic treatment. 7 Psychiatric treatment for acute medicine for acute and chronic medical conditions (see section 23 for deductibles) 6.1 Physiotherapy or specialist. 6.4 Out-patient complementary medicine and treatment, when referred by a medical practitioner

  12. Quote of the Day: The evolution of the gull appears capricious,

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Matthew

    · Bernoulli's Law · Static + dynamic = constant Venturi Tube Airplane PartsAirplane Parts Take long before the eye; and in displaying, in her elegant sweeps along the air, her sharp-pointed wingsPhysics of Flight · Weight ­ gravitational pull · Lift ­ generated by wing & tail · Thrust ­ provided by primaries

  13. COMMUNITY SUMMARY RACTill/Meyer Draft -Do not quote or cite

    E-print Network

    Government in nuclear weapons. Other areas at the SRS supported this work. The reactors created other reconstruction evaluates the effects of past releases on offsite residents. The Centers for Disease Control facilities are still operating. Figure 2 shows some of the key areas. Five nuclear reactors at the SRS were

  14. Quote of the day: Whenever he hears it he is young and

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Matthew

    it it is a new world, and a free country, and the gates of heaven are not shut against him. Henry David ThoreauSyrinx Sound · Recall "flow-through" respiratory system · Produced by: 1. Contraction of muscles forcing air Red-winged Blackbird Brown-headed Cowbird Canyon Wren Physiological Control of Song

  15. Preliminary Draft (Please do not quote without permission.) North by Northwest

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    a hawk from a handsaw" Hamlet, II, ii. Prologue: Northern is beautiful? What is the state and future of the French social-economic "model"? If the state of mind of the French people is of any relevance to answer

  16. Caroline Caron Page 1 of 11 This presentation must be quoted with the appropriate reference

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Adolescent Girls, Feminist Research Methods, Girls studies, Qubec. sic_00352831,version1-14Jan2009 #12 reference : CARON, Caroline (June 4, 2008) Sexy girls as the Other : the discursive processes of stigmatizing girls, Paper presented at the Canadian Communication Association Conference, University of British

  17. Incredible Quotations: 230 Thought-Provoking Quotes with Prompts To Spark Students' Writing, Thinking, and Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweeney, Jacqueline

    Noting that hearing and reading the words of real people can personalize for students the study of social studies, language arts, and science, this book presents 230 quotations and prompts to enrich curricula and themes in grades 4 through 8. After an introduction and advice on using quotations in the classroom, quotations and prompts in the book

  18. Quote of the day: If you want to see birds, you must have

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Matthew

    . Culture, arts, religion ... 2. History · Contributions to Biology & Science · Characteristics & Diversity ­ Religious Aztec (quetzal), Egyptian (ibis), NW American Indian (raven) 2. Poetry & verse ­ Poe's The Raven 3

  19. DRAFT: Not to be duplicated or quoted without permission KU and Kansas City: Partnership for Excellence

    E-print Network

    research created the Internet. Faculty funded by the Defense Department and the National Science Foundation for Excellence A Report to the Higher Education Task Force Of the Civic Council of Greater Kansas City. The role of universities in economic development is fundamental, because the economic environment places

  20. IN PRESS, AIDS AND BEHAVIOR CONFIDENTIAL, PLEASE DO NOT CITE OR QUOTE

    E-print Network

    Gelman, Andrew

    of HIV and STI Infection among Homeless Women Carol L.M. Caton,1, Nabila El-Bassel,2 Andrew Gelman,3; 2 Rates and Correlates of HIV and STI Infection among Homeless Women Introduction It is well established that homeless persons in general, and homeless women specifically, are at a higher risk

  1. Prepublication Copy Do not quote or distribute without permission of authors

    E-print Network

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    with technology and about technology throughout their teacher education experiences. The use of laptop computers in teacher education programs better prepares future teachers for integrating technology into their own-of-the-art computers. Unless teacher educators model effective use of technology in their own classes

  2. Rolling and slipping down Galileo{close_quote}s inclined plane: Rhythms of the spheres

    SciTech Connect

    Crawford, F.S. [Physics Department and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    1996-05-01

    In ``Two New Sciences`` (TNS) Galileo presents a number of theorems and propositions for smooth solid spheres released from rest and rolling a distance {ital d} in time {ital t} down an incline of height {ital H} and length {ital L}. We collect and summarize his results in a single grand proportionality {ital P}: {ital d}{sub 1}/{ital d}{sub 2}=({ital t}{sup 2}{sub 1}/{ital t}{sup 2}{sub 2})({ital H}/{ital L}){sub 1}/({ital H}/{ital L}){sub 2}. ({ital P}) From TNS it is clear that what we call {ital P} is assumed by Galileo to hold for all inclinations including vertical free fall with {ital H}/{ital L}=1. But in TNS he describes only experiments with gentle inclinations {ital H}/{ital L}{lt}1/2. Indeed he cannot have performed the vertical free fall ({ital H}={ital L}) experiment, because we (moderns) know that as we increase {ital H}/{ital L}, {ital P} starts to break down when {ital H}/{ital L} exceeds about 0.5, because the sphere, which rolls without slipping for small {ital H}/{ital L}, starts to slip, whence {ital d} starts to exceed the predictions of {ital P}, becoming too large by a factor of 7/5 for vertical free fall at {ital H}/{ital L}=1. In 1973 Drake and in 1975 Drake and MacLachlan published their analysis of a previously unpublished experiment that Galileo performed that (without his realizing it) directly compared rolling without slipping to free fall. In the experiment, a sphere that has gained speed {ital v}{sub 1} while rolling down a gentle incline is deflected so as to be launched horizontally with speed {ital v}{sub 1} into a free fall orbit discovered by Galileo to be a parabola. The measured horizontal distance {ital X}{sub 2} traveled in this parabolic orbit (for a given vertical distance fallen to the floor) was smaller than he expected, by a factor 0.84. But that is exactly what we (moderns) expect, since we know that Galileo did not appreciate the difference between rolling without slipping, and slipping on a frictionless surface.

  3. Quote of the day: The sky is the daily bread of the eyes.

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Matthew

    Bathing, preening, anting ... important! Uropygial gland produces waxes & oils Anti-microbial activity. Feather ColorFeather Color Produced by pigments & structure Pigments: 3 categories: 1. Melanins

  4. Quote of the day: I think that, if required, on the pain of

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Matthew

    Follicles produce one ovum at a time Laying intervals > 1 d Sperm storage capabilities Copulation Ovum = unfertilized egg + yolk #12;3 Egg in Oviduct:Egg in Oviduct: InfundibulumInfundibulum 20 min. Opening grasps ovum Sperm fertilizes egg 3-4 hr Fertilized ovum with yolk Albumin deposited 90

  5. All prices quoted are per person, based on dou-ble occupancy (unless otherwise stated) and

    E-print Network

    Spence, Harlan Ernest

    experience. Enjoy individual language instruction combined with an immersion in the lifestyle, customs, history and cuisine of Cuenca, courtesy of your own accomplished and experienced Lifestyle Guide from the vibrant mercado and the colorful flower market, each day rewards you with deepened insight and the joy

  6. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION REPORT &QUOT;FIELD MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES FOR TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS IN SOIL&QUOT; CHEMETRICS, INC., AND AZUR ENVIRONMENTAL LTD REMEDIAID TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBON STARTER KIT

    EPA Science Inventory

    The RemediAidTm Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon Starter Kit (RemediAidTm kit) developed by CHEMetries, Inc. (CHEMetrics), and AZUR Environmental Ltd was demonstrated under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation Program in June 2000 at the ...

  7. Mitigation of atmospheric carbon emissions through increased energy efficiency versus increased non-carbon energy sources: A trade study using a simplified {open_quotes}market-free{close_quotes} exogenously driven model

    SciTech Connect

    Krakowski, R.A.

    1997-08-24

    A simplified model of global, long-term energy use is described and used to make a `top-level` comparison of two generic approaches for mitigating atmospheric carbon emissions: (a) those based on increased energy efficiency; and (b) those based on increased use of reduced- or non-carbon fuels. As approximate as is the model, first-order estimates of and trade offs between increasing non-carbon generation capacities (e.g., supply-side solutions) versus energy-use efficiency (e.g., demand-side solutions) to stem atmospheric carbon accumulations can be useful in guiding more elaborate models. At the level of this analysis, both the costs of abatement and the costs of damage can be large, with the formation of benefit-to-cost ratios as a means of assessment being limited by uncertainties associated with relating given climatic responses to greenhouse warming to aggregate damage cost, as well as uncertainties associated with procedures used for multi-generation discounting of both abatement and damage costs. In view of uncertainties associated with both supply-side and demand-side approaches, as well as the estimation of greenhouse-warming responses per se, a combination of solutions seems prudent. Key findings are: (a) the relative insensitivity of the benefit-to-cost ratio adopted in this study to supply-side versus demand-side approaches to abating atmospheric carbon-dioxide emissions; (b) the extreme sensitivity of damage costs, abatement costs, and the related benefit-to-cost ratios to the combination of discounting procedure and the (time) concavity of the function used to relate global temperature rise to damage costs; and (c) no matter the discounting procedure and/or functional relationship between average temperature rise and a damage cost, a goal of increased per-capita gross world product at minimum damage suggests action now rather than delay.

  8. EFFECTS OF AEROSOLS ON THE WAVELENGTH DEPENDENCE OF ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMISSION IN THE ULTRAVIOLET AND VISIBLE 1. A &QUOT;SINGLE-SCATTERING-SEPARATE"; DELTA-EDDINGTON MODEL. (R825248)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  9. COMMENT ON &QUOT;MERCURY CONCENTRATIONS IN COASTAL CALIFORNIA PRECIPITATION: EVIDENCE OF LOCAL AND TRANS-PACIFIC FLUXES OF MERCURY TO NORTH AMERICA&QUOT; BY D.J. STEDING AND A.R. FLEGAL. (R829797)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  10. Trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter in a sister and brother: Further delineation of the {open_quotes}trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter syndrome{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Verschuuren-Bemelmans, C.C.; Leegte, B.; Hodenius, T.M.J. [Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands)] [and others

    1995-07-31

    We report on a 22-year-old woman and her 21-year-old brother with mild mental retardation, long face, prominent forehead, retrognathia, and (relative) macrocephaly. At birth they were small for date, their length is now below the 10th centile. Chromosome analysis demonstrated a nearly pure trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter in both patients due to unbalanced segregation of a paternal reciprocal balanced translocation 46,XY,t(1;15) (q42;p11). This is the second report of a nearly pure trisomy 1q42{r_arrow}qter. When comparing the manifestations of our patients with those of other reported cases we conclude that the most characteristic clinical manifestations of this syndrome are macrocephaly, prominent forehead, micro/retrognathia, large fontanelle, intrauterine growth retardation, postnatal growth retardation, and mental retardation. 56 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  11. US Geological Survey Committee for the Advancement of Science in the Yucca Mountain Project symposium on {open_quotes}Fractures, Hydrology, and Yucca Mountain{close_quotes}: Abstracts and summary

    SciTech Connect

    Gomberg, J. [ed.

    1991-12-31

    The principal objective of this symposium is to review the available information on fractured/faulted terrains in terms of a coherent hydrogeologic model of ground-water fluid flow and transport, particularly as it pertains to the Yucca Mountain region. This review addresses the influence and significance of fractures on ground-water flow and the transport of conservative-species solutes within the context of the hydrogeologic setting of the Yucca Mountain area. The relations between fluid flow and fractured or faulted host rock are examined integrally from information on geologic, seismologic, hydrologic, and geomechanical properties of the system. The development of new hydrogeologic approaches that incorporate information from this integrated database are contrasted with more standard approaches toward understanding flow in fractured reservoirs. Ground-water flow in both the unsaturated zone and the saturated zone are considered. The application of various models of flow is addressed, examples include porous-media equivalent and discontinuum fracture-network models. Data and interpretations from the Yucca Mountain area are presented to establish a context for information exchange. The symposium includes discussions relevant to technical considerations for characterizing the Yucca Mountain area hydrogeology. On the basis of these discussions, CASY has compiled this document in order to formally summarize the proceedings and communicate recommendations for future directions of research and investigation.

  12. {open_quotes}Vapochromic{close_quotes} compounds as environmental sensors. 2. Synthesis and near-infrared and infrared spectroscopy studies of [Pt(arylisocyanide){sub 4}][Pt(CN){sub 4}] upon exposure to volatile organic compound vapors

    SciTech Connect

    Daws, C.A.; Exstrom, C.L.; Sowa, J.R. Jr.; Mann, K.R. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)] [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The synthesis, characterization, and vis-NIR-IR vapochromic/spectroscopic studies are reported for isocyanide compounds of the form [Pt(arylisocyanide){sub 4}][Pt(CN){sub 4}] (where arylisocyanide = p-CNC{sub 6}H{sub 4}C{sub n}H{sub 2n+1}; n = 1, 6, 10, 12, 14). The dark blue, solid materials change color in the NIR (near-infrared) spectral region upon exposure to the ambient room-temperature vapor pressure of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). All the spectroscopic data suggest that the VOC penetrates the solid and interacts with the linear chain chromophore to cause the spectral shifts in the vis-NIR-IR spectral regions. The vapochromic shifts are suggested to be due to diole-dipole and/or H-bonding interactions between the Pt(CN){sub 4}{sup 2-} anion and polar VOCs. For nonpolar VOCs, lypophilic interactions between the VOC and the isocyanide ligands that cause no change in the {nu}-(CN) stretching region must cause the NIR vapochromism observed. The absence of a vapochromic response for water vapor is suggested to arise from hydrophobic blocking of the water at the solid/gas interface. 21 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  13. BOOK REVIEW OF &QUOT;POLLUTION PREVENTION: THE WASTE MANAGEMENT APPROACH FOR THE 21ST CENTURY&QUOT; BY R.R.DUPONT, L. THEODORE, K. GANESAN, SETAC GLOBE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This book has appeal as both a text and a reference book. The book describes how source reduction and closed-loop recycling are the priority approaches, followed by waste treatment and finally disposal. The authors explain method for identifying whether pollution prevention oppor...

  14. {sup 237}Np in Hemp-palm leaves of Bontenchiku for fishing gear used by the Fifth Fukuryu-Maru: 40 year after {open_quotes}Bravo{close_quotes}

    SciTech Connect

    Yamamoto, Masayoshi; Komura, Kazuhisa; Ueno, Kaoru [Kanazawa Univ., Ishikawa (Japan)] [and others

    1996-05-01

    The alpha radioactive components in the Hemp-palm leaves of Bontenchiku were determined with emphasis on the measurement of low-level {sup 237}Np by alpha-ray spectrometry after chemical separation. Bontenchiku is a kind of fishing gear for long-line fishing used by the Fifth Fukuryu-Maru (Lucky Dragon). This gear was exposed to fallout from the second thermonuclear test explosion (Bravo) at Bikini Atoll in March 1954. The {sup 237}Np content in the Bontenchiku sample was determined to be 11.5 {plus_minus}0.8 mBq g{sup {minus}1} with an activity ratio of {sup 237}Np: {sup 239,240}Pu and an atom ratio of {sup 237}Np: {sup 239}Pu estimated to be (2.2 {plus_minus}0.2) x 10{sup {minus}3} and 0.42 {plus_minus}0.04, respectively. The data showed the existence of a chain reaction of {sup 238}U and its ratio to be {sup 237}Np: {sup 239}Pu, as well as the presence of {sup 237}U at the time of fallout from Bravo event in March 1954. 12 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Equation of state and electrical conductivity of {open_quotes}synthetic Uranus,{close_quotes} a mixture of water, ammonia, and isopropanol, at shock pressure up to 200 GPa (2 Mbar)

    SciTech Connect

    Nellis, W.J.; Holmes, N.C.; Mitchell, A.C.; Hamilton, D.C. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Nicol, M. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90024 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90024 (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Equation-of-state, temperature, and electrical-conductivity data were measured for a solution of water, ammonia, and isopropanol at shock pressures up to 200 GPa. The chemical composition is similar to that of the fluid mixture thought to be the major constituent of the giant planets Uranus and Neptune. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. COMPARISON AND EVALUATION OF THE SYNTHETIC BIOPOLYMER POLY-L-ASPARTIC ACID AND THE SYNTHETIC &QUOT;PLASTIC"; POLYMER POLY-ACRYLIC ACID FOR USE IN METAL ION-EXCHANGE SYSTEMS. (R826694C651)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  17. A familial {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} 3;9 translocation with cryptic 8q insertion leading to deletion and duplication of 9p23 loci in siblings

    SciTech Connect

    Wagstaff, J.; Hemann, M. [Children`s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    1994-09-01

    Families in which a balanced translocation has been transmitted from a normal parent to a child with a phenotypic abnormality have been a longstanding puzzle for human geneticists. A child with phenotypic features of the 9p- syndrome, including metopic craniosynostosis, small ears, abdominal wall defect, and mental retardation, was found to have a cytogenetically balanced 3;9 translocation, with breakpoints at 3p11 and 9p23, inherited from his normal father. He also exhibited marked hypopigmentation of hair and skin. Analysis with a cDNA probe from the TYRP1 (tyrosinase-related protein 1) gene in 9p23 showed heterozygous deletion in the child but in neither parent. This submicroscopic deletion also included loci D9S157, D9S274, D9S268, and D9S267. FISH analysis of the proband`s father indicated the 9p23 loci deleted in his son were present on neither the der(3) nor the der(9) translocation product, but had been inserted into the long arm of chromosome 8. Therefore, the apparent deletion of these loci in the proband was the result of meiotic segregation of the father`s 3;9 translocation chromosomes together with his normal chromosome 8. Neither the deletion from the translocation chromosomes nor the insertion into 8q was detectable by standard chromosome banding techniques. The proband`s sister exhibited speech delay, mild facial dysmorphism, and renal malformation, and her karyotype was 46,XX. Molecular analysis of this sister showed 3 copies of 9p23 sequences, indicating that she had inherited normal chromosomes 3 and 9 from her father as well as the chromosome 8 with the insertion from 9p23. This analysis illustrates a new mechanism to explain cases of phenotypic discordance in familial balanced translocations: submicroscopic deletion of material from the translocation breakpoint and insertion into a third chromosome in the balanced parent, with meiotic segregation leading to loss of the inserted material in the child.

  18. A familial {open_quotes}balanced{close_quotes} 3;9 translocation with cryptic 8q insertion leading to deletion and duplication of 9p23 loci in siblings

    SciTech Connect

    Wagstaff, J.; Hemann, M. [Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

    1995-01-01

    A child with phenotypic features of the 9p{sup {minus}} syndrome, including metopic craniosynostosis, small ears, abdominal wall defect, and mental retardation, as well as hypopigmentation, was found to have a cytogenetically balanced 3;9 translocation, with breakpoints at 3p11 and 9p23, inherited from his phenotypically normal father. Molecular analysis showed heterozygous deletion of the TYRP (tyrosinase-related protein) locus, as well as loci D9S157, D9S274, D9S268, and D9S267, in the child but in neither parent. FISH analysis of the proband`s father indicated that loci deleted in his son, including TYRP, were present on neither the der(3) nor the der(9) translocation products but had been inserted into the long arm of chromosome 8. Therefore, the apparent deletion of these loci in the proband was the result of meiotic segregation of the father`s 3;9 translocation chromosomes together with his normal chromosome 8 (not bearing the insertion from 9p23). Neither the deletion of these 9p23 loci from the translocation chromosomes nor their insertion into 8q was detectable by standard chromosome banding techniques. The proband`s sister exhibited speech delay, mild facial dysmorphism, and renal malformation, and her karyotype was 46,XX. Molecular analysis showed that she had inherited normal chromosomes 3 and 9, as well as the chromosome 8 with the insertion of 9p23 material, from her father. This analysis illustrates a new mechanism to explain cases in which an apparently balanced translocation has been transmitted from a normal parent to a child with a phenotypic abnormality: submicroscopic deletion of material from the translocation breakpoint and insertion into a third chromosome in the balanced parent, with meiotic segregation leading to loss of the inserted material in the child. 36 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  19. DISCUSSION ON &QUOT;ELECTROCHEMICAL AND RAMAN SPECTROSCOPIC STUDIES OF THE INFLUENCE OF CHLORINATED SOLVENTS ON THE CORROSION BEHAVIOUR OF IRON IN BORATE BUFFER AND IN SIMULATED GROUNDWATER (CORROSION SCIENCE 2000;42:1921-1939).&QUOT; (R827117)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  20. [open quotes]Rejuvenation[close quotes] of a very mature productive area: Application of sequence stratigraphy, depositional facies and reservoir architectural studies in inactive old fields - Dorsal de Huincul - Neuquen Basin, Argentina

    SciTech Connect

    Kokogian, D.A.; Vasquez, J.R. (Chauvco Resources Argentina A.A., Buenos Aires (Argentina))

    1996-01-01

    The project objectives were to define the upside potential and identified drilling locations, both for exploratory and development wells, in Loma Negra-Nl-Huincul old fields, inactive due to pressure depletion Fields are located in Dorsal de Huincul area (Huincul Range) which is a highly complex structure associated with a major transtensive-transpressive wrench system. Several angular unconformities are very noticeable, having eroded hundreds of meters of the stratigraphic column. Study was focused on the fluvial-deltaic sediments of the Cuyo Group (Bajocian-Bathonian), the main productive levels in the area. An understanding of the stratigraphic units, visible at outcrop, seismic and well scales, provided the appropriated framework for the analysis. Seismic facies, detailed log and core analysis allowed us to generate paleogeographic maps and predict the reservoir distribution into each individual stratigraphic unit, Fluvial channels, overbank, crevasses splay, mouth-bar, interdistributary and delta front facies were recognized. Finally, the integrated model was compared and adjusted with the outcrop data. As a result of this study, exploratory and development wells were proposed, being all of them productive either gas or oil. Several of the new drilled wells found new productive horizons with original reservoir pressure, proving the presence of different tanks predicted by the model. This fact encourages the evaluation of the whole adjacent areas. Summing up, this integrated approach using the best outputs of the geology and geophysics in subsurface as well as in surface has been proved as a powerful tool to explore and reactivate a very mature area.

  1. THE DETERMINATION OF NON-PESTICIDAL AND PESTICIDAL ORGANOTIN COMPOUNDS IN WATER BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY WITH [PULSED] FLAME PHOTOMETRIC DETECTION (GS/PFPD): THE EFFECTS OF &QUOT;MASS"; DISCRIMINATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Capillary gas chromatography with GC/PFPD was used in the development of analytical methodology for determining both non-pesticidal and pesticidal organotin compounds in drinking water and other aqueous matrices. The method involves aqueous ethylation of organotin analytes with ...

  2. Blue carbon storage potential of marine carbonate deposits Project reference IAP/13/50. Please quote this reference when applying.

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    ) but can lose that carbon rapidly (as CO2) to the atmosphere via fires, deforestation and decomposition: Coralline algal sediment samples will be collected from polar (Greenland), temperate (United Kingdom will be conducted in state-of-the-art marine aquarium facilities, which are specifically designed for investigating

  3. PRELIMINARY DRAFT; PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE U.S. Acquisitions of Canadian Firms and the Role of the Exchange Rate

    E-print Network

    George J. Georgopoulos

    2003-01-01

    The decline of the Canadian dollar relative to the U.S. dollar over the past 15 years has raised concerns that Canadian firms have been left vulnerable to takeovers by U.S firms. Theory and empirical studies on cross border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have generated mixed support for a link between exchange rates and M&As. This paper argues that exchange rate movements may affect acquisition M&As because acquisitions involve firm-specific assets which can generate returns in currencies other than that used for purchase. We use data on U.S. acquisitions in Canada across four-digit SIC industries from 1985 to 2001, and, along with the real exchange rate, account for factors such as industry level Canadian tariff rates, value added of U.S. industries, the number of Canadian M&As and the number of Canadian establishments. Maximum-likelihood estimates from fixed and random effects negative binomial models reveal that a Canadian dollar depreciation leads to U.S. M&As in Canada, but only involving target firms that posses firm-specific assets (high R&D firms). Tariff rates are not significant for such industries. The real exchange rate is not significant for U.S. M&As involving low R&D firms, whereas tariff rates are.

  4. Quoted from the conference homepage at http://www.univie.ac.at/ i!socec/conference99.

    E-print Network

    Batterbury, Simon

    the introduction to a special issue of Land Use Policy based upon a selection of papers presented at the `Using of natural systems; Land-use/land-cover change; Interdisciplinary research methods Introduction This special-term historical dynam- ics.a Within this framework, the symposium from which the current special issue was derived

  5. Accepted, pending final revision, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Please do not quote without permission

    E-print Network

    Reder, Lynne

    Jason Arndt and Lynne M. Reder Carnegie Mellon University Recently, theorists have suggested strength Jason Arndt and Lynne M. Reder, Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University. Correspondence should be addressed to either author at Depart- ment of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University

  6. REVIEW OF BOOK &QUOT;SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: INTERDISCIPLINARY ESSAYS IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF CONSERVATION BIOLOGY BY BRYAN G. NORTON

    EPA Science Inventory

    The terms sustainability, sustainable development, biological integrity, biological diversity, ecosystem management, and ecosystem health frequently are at the core of many policy debates even though their precise meanings are the subject of universal debate. There are profound ...

  7. Taking Race out of Scare Quotes: Race-Conscious Social Analysis in an Ostensibly Post-Racial World

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warmington, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Academics and activists concerned with race and racism have rightly coalesced around the sociological project to refute biologistic conceptions of race. By and large, our default position as teachers, writers and researchers is that race is a social construct. However, the deconstruction of race and its claims to theoretical intelligibility has

  8. Please do not quote. In press, Handbook of affective computing. New York, NY: Oxford Automated Face Analysis for Affective Computing

    E-print Network

    Cohn, Jeffrey F.

    conveys information about a person's age, sex, background, and identity, what they are feeling, and personality processes (Burrows & Cohn, In press; Campos, Barrett, Lamb, Goldsmith, & Stenberg, 1983; Girard recently, investigators have focused on the twin challenges of expression detection in naturalistic

  9. 20 Quotes Praising Cultural Diversity 1. "We have the ability to achieve, if we master the necessary goodwill, a common global society

    E-print Network

    Roy, Subrata

    -American Poet, Civil Rights Leader, National Women's Hall of Fame; b. 1928) 12. "What sets worlds in motion Jordan (American Politician, National Women's Hall of Fame, 1989 Hubert Humphrey Civil Rights Award, 1992 rights activist; b. 1941) 2. "Cultural differences should not separate us from each other, but rather

  10. DRAFT PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE OR DISTRIBUTE WITHOUT PERMISSION FROM THE AUTHORS Bratton, J.; Quintos, B.; Civil, M. (2004): Collaboration between researchers and parents

    E-print Network

    Civil, Marta

    , B.; Civil, M. (2004): Collaboration between researchers and parents for the improvement, Mexico City (Mexico), March 12-13, 2004 Collaboration Between Researchers and Parents for the Improvement In this paper we report on our most recent work that takes place in a large parental involvement project called

  11. \\talks and writings\\Aspen Forum REVISED FOR PARTICIPANTS 9-01 Discussion draft for Forum participants. Do not quote or copy.

    E-print Network

    century-scale solutions focus on coal? Coal is at the root of the Greenhouse problem. Conventional oil-competitive as a result of growing costs of access (costs related to resources being very deep underground, or below very

  12. Microbial membrane fossils as tracers of methane oxidation in Project reference IAP/13/52. Please quote this reference when applying.

    E-print Network

    Guo, Zaoyang

    IAPETUS Microbial membrane fossils as tracers of methane oxidation in peats Project reference IAP the effect of CH4 dynamics in peats on microbial biomarkers, communities and resident methanotrophic bacteria microbial communities respond to the changing environment. The PhD candidate will measure in situ field

  13. Selection, sorting, and a few comments by Konstantin K. Likharev C:\\User\\Personal\\Literature\\From Quotes of the Day.doc Page 1 of 21

    E-print Network

    often succeed. - C. S. Lewis There is nothing worse than aggressive stupidity. - Johann Wolfgang von we have. - Don Herold Against stupidity the gods themselves contend in vain. - Friedrich von Schiller Goethe Egotism is the anesthetic that dulls the pain of stupidity. - Frank Leahy ON SANITY AND MADNESS

  14. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE, DIET, AND LARVAL INSTAR ON THE SUSCEPTIBILITY OF AN APHID PREDATOR, #HIPPODAMIA CONVERGENS&QUOT; (COLEOPTERA:COCCINELLIDAE), TO THE WEAK BACTERIAL PATHOGEN #PSEUDOMONAS FLUORESCENS#

    EPA Science Inventory

    The authors tested the effects of larval age and stress on the susceptibility of the convergent lady beetle (Hippodamia convergens) to the weakly pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens. o test effects of larval age, the dose response to the bacterium was determined f or eac...

  15. TO &QUOT;LIMITATIONS OF ROI TESTING FOR VENTING DESIGN: DESCRIPTION OF AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH BASED ON ATTAINMENT OF A CRITICAL PORE-GAS VELOCITY IN CONTAMINATED MEDIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    In this paper, we describe the limitations of radius of influence (ROI) evaluation for venting design in more detail than has been done previously and propose an alternative method based on specification and attainment of critical pore-gas velocities in contaminated subsurface me...

  16. Opinion Writing and Authorship SCC. Please do not quote or cite without permission. Opinion Writing and Authorship on the Supreme Court of Canada

    E-print Network

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    of North Carolina, Department of Statistics; University of Toronto, Department of Statistics; University, and Michael Tribelcock, and two anonymous reviewers for the University of Toronto Law Journal. Rosenthal. Yoon Revised: August 2012 Abstract In contrast to other branches of government, the Supreme Court

  17. Rosenthal-Yoon Judicial Authorship: please do not cite or quote Judicial Ghostwriting: Authorship on the U.S. Supreme Court

    E-print Network

    Rosenthal, Jeffrey S.

    are collectively responsible for deciding Professor, University of Toronto, Department of Statistics. Associate Professor, University of Toronto Faculty of Law. We would like to thank Ed Cheng, John Goldberg, Pamela of government,2 the Court is a small and closed environment. It consists of only nine justices, who

  18. PRELIMINARY. COMMENTS WELCOMED. DO NOT QUOTE OR REPRODUCE WITHOUT AUTHORS' CONSENT. The Effects of Employee Involvement on Firm Performance: Evidence from an Econometric Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek C. Jones; Takao Kato

    We provide some of the most reliable evidence to date on the direct impact of employee involvement through participatory arrangements such as teams on business performance. The data we use are extraordinary --daily data for rejection, production and downtime rates for all operators in a single plant during a 35 month period, almost 53,000 observations. Our key findings are that:

  19. DRAFT ***Please do not quote without author's permission*** How Do I Know That You Know? Factors Used to Infer Another's Expertise and to Communicate One's Own Expertise

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shawn P. Curley; Mani R. Subramani; Naren B. Peddibhotla

    the expertise of others, and the complementary ability to communicate one's own expertise where needed. We initially examine three research questions: What factors are used in judging expertise? Are some of these factors inter-related? Which factors are considered the most important? We report three studies in which managers and students respond to scenarios in which they need to infer or

  20. file:///C:/Documents and Settings/kostic/Local Settings/Temporary Internet Files/OLK9AE/DELL_Quote_476300383.html DELL QUOTATION

    E-print Network

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    -8397) Floppy Disk Drive: Dell 19 in 1 Media Card Readerincluded in Dell Bluetooth Package (341-5593) Operating: Integrated 7.1 Channel Audio (313-7186) Speakers: No Speaker Requested (313-4514) Processor Cable: Dell 1505

  1. COMMENTS ON &QUOT;EFFECT OF PRENATAL EXPOSURE OF DELTAMETHRIN ON THE ONTOGENY OF XENOBIOTIC METABOLIZING CYTOCHROME P450S IN THE BRAIN AND LIVER OF OFFSPRINGS.

    EPA Science Inventory

    Comments on: Effect of prenatal exposure of deltamethrin on the ontogeny of xenobiotic metabolizing cytochrome P450s in the brain and liver of offsprings [Johri et al. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 214:279-289, 2006] Johri and colleagues recently reported that maternal exposur...

  2. PRELIMINARY VERSION: NOT TO BE QUOTED, NOT FOR CIRCULATION Determinants of job satisfaction across the EU15: A comparison of self-employed and paid employees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jos Mara; Milln A; Rafael Aguado A

    This paper focuses on job satisfaction of self-employed and paid-employed workers using data from the European Community Household Panel for the EU-15 covering the years 1994-2001. We distinguish between two different types of job satisfaction, i.e. job satisfaction in terms of type of work and job satisfaction in terms of job security. Findings from our generalized ordered logit regressions indicate

  3. To be quoted as : Bennasr, A. & Verdeil, ., 2014. An `Arab Spring' for Corporatization? Tunisia's National Electricity Company (STEG). In D. MacDonald, ed. Rethinking Corporatization

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    's National Electricity Company (STEG). In D. MacDonald, ed. Rethinking Corporatization: Public Utilities a publicly-owned and publicly-operated utility. Post-revolutionary Tunisia presents STEG with some remarkable market-based operating principles in the electricity sector. How these political dynamics will play out

  4. FINAL DRAFT IPCC WGII AR5 Chapter 12 Do Not Cite, Quote, or Distribute Prior to Public Release on 31 March 2014

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    ), Coleen Vogel (South Africa) Contributing Authors Helen Adams (UK), Jennifer Hodbod (UK), Stuart Kent Conflict 12.5.1. Climate Change as a Cause of Conflict 12.5.2. Conflict and Insecurity Associated with Climate Policy Responses 12.5.3. Violent Conflict and Vulnerability to Climate Change 12.5.4. Peace

  5. FINAL DRAFT IPCC WGII AR5 Chapter 11 Do Not Cite, Quote, or Distribute Prior to Public Release on 31 March 2014

    E-print Network

    Silver, Whendee

    (Sweden) Contributing Authors Clara Aranda (Mexico), Helen Berry (Australia), Colin Butler (Australia), Shelby Yamamoto (Germany) Review Editors Ulisses Confalonieri (Brazil), Andrew Haines (UK) Volunteer

  6. [Type a quote from the document or the summary of an interesting point. Juhree's career includes decades of management, consulting, strategic planning, policy

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    own vision to transform lives through leadership development, improving relationship skills decades of management, consulting, strategic planning, policy development and coaching at senior levels), The LAB (Language and Behavioural Profile) and Team Diagnostic Assessment. Her coaching practice of over

  7. This paper is a first draft. To quote please ask the author of a recent version The Problem of Financial Accounting Measurement

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    is still the basis of the theory of accounting measurement, which might be called the finalistic principle of the accounting measure- ment, notably, the historical cost principle. With its introduction and above all of Financial Accounting Measurement in Italian Accounting Thought between the 19th and the 20th Century From

  8. Preliminary results of the correlation between ion concentrations in rainwater samples and atmospheric back trajectories as a part of the study {open_quotes}impact to acid rain in the deterioration of Mexican Maya monuments{close_quotes} (project Conacyt-UNAM: 0128T9106)

    SciTech Connect

    Bravo, A.H.; Saavedra, M.I.; Snchez, P.; Camacho, R. [Univ. of Mexico (Mexico)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The environmental Pollution Section at the Center of Atmospheric Sciences, National Autonomus University of Mexico (UNAM), has been conducting a research project on their potential of impact of acid rain on the Mexican Maya monuments since 1993. As a part of such study, 49 rainwater samples were collected during the years 1994 through 1995 at the Puerto Morelos Oceanographic Station Located close to the Tulum Maya ruins in the State of Qintana Roo. The rain water samples were collected using an automatic rain collector. After the rain event, the water samples were transferred to clean Nalgene bottles. The bottles were stored under refrigeration prior to their shipment to the UNAM laboratory in Mexico City. Concentrations of anions Cl{sup -}, NO{sup -}{sub 3}, and SO{sup 2-}{sub 4} and cations Na{sup +}, NH{sup +}{sub 4}, K{sup +}, Mg{sup 2+} an Ca{sup 2+} were determined by the High Pressure Ion Chromatographic Procedure. The pH of samples was measured in the laboratory. Also, wind back upper trajectories which arrived to the Puerto Morelos are at the same date of each rain event, were calculated using the GMCC atmospheric trajectory program at NOAA. A thorough analysis on the relations between anions and cations is made and preliminary correlations of these results with the calculated long range trajectories are explored in order to find the possible origin of the event.

  9. DRAFT: Please do not quote without permission of one of the authors; comments welcome at drkelly@purdue.edu, machery+@pitt.edu, or rmallon@philosophy.utah.edu

    E-print Network

    Machery, Edouard

    and references): 11,132 Racial Cognition and Normative Racial Theory By Daniel Kelly, Edouard Machery, and Ron. Such authors agree on the short-term need for racial categorization in at least some domains, but they often the intersection of these normative proposals with recent work on the psychology of racial cognition. Race

  10. EXPLORING THE MEANING OF CONSUMPTION THROUGH EXPENDITURE AND MOTIVES IN A PERUVIAN CORRIDOR (Please do not quote without permission) Paper for the Conference Poverty and Capital, Manchester 2-4 July 2007

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monica Guillen Royo

    Generally, it is accepted that consumption increases wellbeing by lifting people out of poverty and that it has a negative impact if it fails to place them at a higher social position. Other aspects defining consumption such as the symbolic meaning of goods, its pleasurable dimension and the role of goods and services such as basic needs satisfiers, among others,

  11. HAPPINESS AND CONSUMPTION IN PERU: EXPLORING BASIC NEEDS, SOCIAL COMPARISON, SOCIAL INTEGRATION AND HEDONISM (Please do not quote) Paper for the Conference Policies for Happiness, Siena 14th-17th June 2007

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monica Guillen Royo

    In the context of material poverty consumption and happiness are expected to be positively and strongly related. This is usually explained in terms of the increased possibilities to satisfy basic needs that additional spending provides. Other important aspects of consumption, such as its relative, symbolic and hedonic dimensions are not usually accounted for. These are explored in the paper through

  12. That which does not kill us makes us stronger--does Nietzsche's quote apply to islets? A re-evaluation of the passenger leukocyte theory, free radicals, and glucose toxicity in islet cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Wright, J R; Xu, B-Y

    2014-07-01

    In clinical islet transplantation, isolated islets are embolized into the liver via the portal vein (PV); however, up to 70% of the islets are lost in the first few days after transplantation (i.e., too quickly to be mediated by the adaptive immune system). Part of early loss is due to instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction, an immune/thrombotic process caused by islets interacting with complement. We have shown that glucose toxicity (GT) also plays a critical role based upon the observation that islets embolized into the PVs of diabetic athymic mice are rapidly lost but, if recipients are not diabetic, the islet grafts persist. Using donor islets resistant to the ?-cell toxin streptozotocin, we have shown that intraportal islets engrafted in non-diabetic athymic mice for as little as 3 days will maintain normoglycemia when streptozotocin is administered destroying the recipient's native pancreas ?-cells. What is the mechanism of GT in ?-cells? Chronic exposure to hyperglycemia over-exerts ?-cells and their electron transport chains leak superoxide radicals during aerobic metabolism. Here we reinterpret old data and present some compelling new data supporting a new model of early intraportal islet graft loss. We hypothesize that diabetes stimulates overproduction of superoxide in both the ?-cells of the islet grafts and the endothelial cells lining the intraportal microvasculature adjacent to where the embolized islets become lodged. This double dose of oxidant damage stresses both the islets, which are highly susceptible to free radicals because of inherent low levels of scavenging enzymes, and the adjacent hepatic endothelial cells. This, superimposed upon localized endothelial damage caused by embolization, precipitates inflammation and coagulation which further damages islet grafts. Based upon this model, we predict that pre-exposing islets to sub-lethal hyperoxia should up-regulate islet free radical scavenging enzyme levels and promote initial engraftment; reinterpretation of 30 years old "passenger leukocyte" data and preliminary new data support this. Other data suggests that pre-exposure of recipients to hyperoxia could up-regulate antioxidant enzymes in the hepatic endothelium. The combination of both effects could markedly enhance early intraportal islet graft survival and engraftment. Finally, if our model is correct, current in vitro and in vivo tests used to test batches of harvested islets for viability and function prior to transplantation are poorly conceived (n.b., it is already well-known that results using these tests often do not predict clinical islet transplantation success) and a different testing paradigm is suggested. PMID:24767938

  13. His account is published in Battuta (1929):267, 271. A second source, Yule (1886):457 quotes himas observing "I have seen no region of the earth in which provisions are

    E-print Network

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    ). The post-1900 wage series is from Bowles and Edwards (1993). 1 Prologue: Economics and the Wealth. Abba Lerner (1972):259. To its founders, the subject of political economy was the wealth of nations as follows. The emergence and diffusion of a novel set of institutions that came to be called capitalism

  14. Penetrance estimates for BRCA1 and BRCA2 based on genetic testing in a Clinical Cancer Genetics service setting: Risks of breast\\/ovarian cancer quoted should reflect the cancer burden in the family

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D Gareth Evans; Andrew Shenton; Emma Woodward; Fiona Lalloo; Anthony Howell; Eamonn R Maher

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The identification of a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation in familial breast cancer kindreds allows genetic testing of at risk relatives. However, considerable controversy exists regarding the cancer risks in women who test positive for the family mutation. METHODS: We reviewed 385 unrelated families (223 with BRCA1 and 162 with BRCA2 mutations) ascertained through two regional cancer genetics services. We

  15. 2007, Lynn Prince Cooke and Vanessa Gash. All rights reserved. This paper is for the reader's personal use only and may not be quoted, reproduced, distributed, transmitted or retransmitted, performed, displayed, downloaded, or adapted in any medium for

    E-print Network

    de Gispert, Adri

    2007, Lynn Prince Cooke and Vanessa Gash. All rights reserved. This paper is for the reader.P.Cooke@kent.ac.uk Panacea or Pitfall? Women's Part-time Employment and Marital Stability in West Germany, the United Kingdom.Gash@manchester.ac.uk #12;Women's Part-time Employment and Marital Stability 1 Panacea or Pitfall? Women's Part

  16. Every year, the Career Center surveys new UW alumni. Below are some quotes from 2011-2012 undergraduate & graduate level alumni regarding how they found their jobs. If you need help finding a job, let us know!

    E-print Network

    Kaminsky, Werner

    -2012 undergraduate & graduate level alumni regarding how they found their jobs. If you need help finding a job, let us know! Internships & Jobs: "The distinguishing factor that separates those of my peers was the single most important part of my job search. Getting to know the principal and teachers at my school

  17. This condensed guide will help you with basic APA Style rules for in-text citations and reference lists. You must attribute other people's ideas, research, and quotes within the body of your paper. You can be

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    as in the example below: Urie, C.E. (2006). The beat: Behavioral change in juvenile detention center writing, House of Representatives, 103d Cong., 1 (1993). Motion Picture Armstrong, F. (Producer/Director). (1997

  18. Cain, Dunsmoor, LaBar, & Mitroff, in press. Please do not cite or quote without permission Anticipatory anxiety hinders detection of a second target in dual-target search

    E-print Network

    Mitroff, Stephen

    Anticipatory anxiety hinders detection of a second target in dual-target search anxiety, dual-target performance was negatively impacted, but single-target multiple visual targets. Yet, laboratory studies of visual search tend

  19. Copyright with the author(s). The content of this material is to be considered preliminary and are not to be quoted without the author(s)'s permission. Research on IS in Developing Countries: Current Landscape and Future Prospects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Geoff Walsham; Sundeep Sahay

    This paper firstly surveys the current landscape of the information systems research literature concerned with developing countries by examining a range of research articles from 2000 onwards. These are discussed in terms of the key challenges addressed by the papers, including articles dealing centrally with the role of technology, and the methodological and theoretical approaches used by the authors. The

  20. 75 FR 6770 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ...submitted quotations of specialists, Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs''),\\4\\ and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs'') \\5...the Exchange distinguished between ``Streaming Quote Options'' which are traded...

  1. 75 FR 29792 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...Proposed Rule Change Relating to Quote Spread Parameters and Batching of Violations...proposed rule change relating to quote spread parameters and batching of violations...electronically to be quoted with a $5 quote spread after the opening that was...

  2. 77 FR 74039 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-12

    ...Options Trader (``ROT'') includes a Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') and a Non-SQT...transactions for the account of a Specialist, Streaming Quote Trader or Remote Streaming Quote...

  3. 75 FR 2905 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-19

    ...options that are directed to specialists, Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') \\5\\ and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs'') \\6...quoting system that allows specialists, streaming quote traders and remote streaming...

  4. 76 FR 49816 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-11

    ...of Filing of Proposed Rule Change Regarding Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit...limit orders for the proprietary accounts of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote...

  5. Radioactivity measurements of metallic [sup 192]Ir sources by calorimetric methods

    SciTech Connect

    Genka, Tsuguo; Iwamoto, Seikichi; Takeuchi, Norio (Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-ken (Japan))

    1992-01-01

    The necessity of establishing the traceability of dose measurement in brachytherapy [sup 192]Ir sources is realized by physicians and researchers in the medical field. Standard sources of various shapes such as [open quotes]hairpin,[close quotes] [open quotes]single pin,[close quotes] [open quotes]thin wire,[close quotes] and [open quotes]seed[close quotes] for calibrating ionization chambers in hospitals are being demanded. Nominal activities of not only these source products but also the standard sources have been so far specified by [open quotes]apparent[close quotes] values. Determination of [open quotes]absolute[close quotes] activity by an established means such as 4pi-beta-gamma coincidence counting is not practical because quantitative dissolution of metallic iridium is very difficult. We tried to determine the [open quotes]absolute[close quotes] activity by a calorimetric method in a fully nondestructive way.

  6. 78 FR 21981 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-12

    ...Rule Change Relating to Market-Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations April 8, 2013...rules relating to Market-Maker \\3\\ continuous quoting obligations. The proposed rule...Intra-day Adds'') from Market-Makers' continuous quoting obligations on the day...

  7. 77 FR 69667 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-20

    ...Date of Changes to Market-Makers' Continuous Quoting Obligations November 13, 2012...date of changes to Market-Makers' continuous quoting obligations. The text of the...to amend Rule 1.1(ccc), ``Continuous Electronic Quotes,'' to reduce...

  8. 78 FR 17736 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-22

    ...Rule Change Relating to Market-Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations March 18, 2013...date of changes to Market-Makers' continuous quoting obligations. There is no proposed...to amend Rule 1.1(ccc), ``Continuous Electronic Quotes,'' to reduce...

  9. 77 FR 42038 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-17

    ...of a Proposed Rule Change Relating to Continuous Quotes July 11, 2012. Pursuant to...proposes to amend its Rules relating to continuous quotes. The text of the proposed rule...3\\ The continuous quoting obligations for NASDAQ...

  10. 78 FR 60352 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of a Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-01

    ...604 in Connection With Market Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations September 25, 2013...604 in connection with Market Maker continuous quoting obligations. The text of the...Adds'') from the Market Makers' continuous quoting obligations on the day...

  11. 76 FR 75575 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-02

    ...Change Relating to Market-Makers' Continuous Electronic Quoting Obligations and Adjusted...Makers will not be obligated to maintain continuous electronic quotes in adjusted option...Market-Makers will not be obligated to maintain continuous electronic quotes in adjusted...

  12. 78 FR 5544 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ...Relating to Preferred Market- Makers' Continuous Quoting Obligation January 18, 2013...Preferred Market-Makers' (``PMMs'') continuous quoting obligations. The text of the...each class in which a PMM must provide continuous electronic quotes in classes in...

  13. 78 FR 13389 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of a Proposed...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ...Thereto, Relating to Market-Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations February 21, 2013...its Rules relating to Market-Maker continuous quoting obligations. The text of the...respectively, including obligations to provide continuous quotes as follows...

  14. 78 FR 12377 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-22

    ...Rule Change Relating to Market-Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations February 15, 2013...its Rules relating to Market-Maker continuous quoting obligations. The text of the...Primary Market-Makers must provide continuous electronic quotes in their...

  15. 78 FR 22360 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Order Approving a Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-15

    ...Thereto, Relating to Market-Maker Continuous Quoting Obligations April 9, 2013...rules relating to Market-Maker \\3\\ continuous quoting obligations. The proposed rule...Intra-day Adds'') from Market-Makers' continuous quoting obligations on the day...

  16. 75 FR 20016 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change by NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ...Change by NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc. Relating to Quote Spread Parameters and Batching of Violations April 7...differentials, which are also known as quotation or quote spread parameters; quote spread parameters establish the maximum permissible...

  17. 78 FR 4914 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-23

    ...SR-Phlx-2012-130] Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change To Amend Performance Evaluations With Respect to Quote Submissions of Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders January 3,...

  18. 76 FR 60566 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-29

    ...Order Approving Proposed Rule Change Regarding Streaming Quote Traders and Remote Streaming Quote Traders Entering Certain Option Day Limit...thereunder,\\2\\ a proposed rule change to allow Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') and Remote...

  19. 78 FR 33873 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-05

    ...Options Trader (``ROT'') includes a Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') and a Non-SQT...Application and Initiation Fees for current Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations.\\12\\...

  20. 77 FR 22365 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-13

    ...options traders (``ROTs'').\\3\\ ROTs can be either Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs'') \\4\\, Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs'') \\5\\ or non-Streaming Quote Trader ROTs (``non-SQT ROTs'') which by...

  1. 78 FR 24280 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving a Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ...Rules 507 and 1014 To Establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations April 19...Rules 507 and 1014 to establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations. The proposed...member organizations, called Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations...

  2. 78 FR 5518 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change To...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-25

    ...Rules 507 and 1014 To Establish Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations January...organizations may qualify to be Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organizations with which as many as three Remote Streaming Quote Traders may be affiliated....

  3. 75 FR 69486 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-12

    ...11\\, Registered Option Traders \\12\\, Streaming Quote Trader \\13\\, Remote Streaming Quote Trader \\14\\, Broker-Dealers and...Rule 1014 (b)(i) and (ii). \\13\\ A Streaming Quote Trader or SQT is defined in...

  4. 75 FR 63878 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    ...Participants,\\6\\ Specialists,\\7\\ Streaming Quote Traders (``SQT''),\\8\\ Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQT''),\\9...pursuant to Rule 1020(a). \\8\\ A Streaming Quote Trader is defined in Exchange...

  5. 75 FR 67427 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing of Proposed Rule Change...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-02

    ...Options Traders (``ROTs''),\\4\\ Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs''),\\5\\ Remote Streaming Quote Traders [[Page 67428...believes that its proposal to enable Remote Streaming Quote Traders to act as Remote...

  6. 75 FR 74757 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ...Participants,\\5\\ Specialists,\\6\\ Streaming Quote Traders (``SQT''),\\7\\ Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQT''),\\8...pursuant to Rule 1020(a). \\7\\ A Streaming Quote Trader is defined in Exchange...

  7. 78 FR 27267 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-09

    ...of Proposed Rule Change To Amend Remote Streaming Quote Trader Fees and Reference a Remote Streaming Quote Trader Organization May 3, 2013...Part C to update references to Remote Streaming Quote Traders or RSQTs. The text of...

  8. 76 FR 65225 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ...The Exchange proposes to amend the Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') \\3\\ Fee...Options Trader (``ROT'') includes a Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') and a...

  9. 78 FR 28688 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-15

    ...i) and (ii)), which includes Streaming Quote Traders (see Rule 1014(b)(ii)(A)) and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (see Rule 1014(b...his own account. A ROT includes a Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a...

  10. 77 FR 4068 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-26

    ...Permit and Registration Fees; (2) B. Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT'') Fees; and (3) C. Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') Fees...Permit and Registration Fees,\\3\\ Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT'')...

  11. 76 FR 80444 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-23

    ...Options Trader (``ROT'') includes a Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a Remote Streaming Quote Trader (``RSQT'') and a Non-SQT...b)(i) and (ii), which includes Streaming Quote Traders or SQTs (see Rule...

  12. 75 FR 29788 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-27

    ...for the account of a Specialist, \\7\\ Streaming Quote Trader \\8\\ (an ``SQT'') or Remote Streaming Quote Trader \\9\\ (an ``RSQT...pursuant to Rule 1020(a). \\8\\ A Streaming Quote Trader is defined in Exchange...

  13. 77 FR 35725 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Order Approving Proposed Rule Change, as...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-14

    ...account. See Exchange Rule 1014 (b)(i) and (ii). ROTs can be Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs''), Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs''), or non-Streaming Quote Trader ROTs (``non-SQT ROTs'') which by...

  14. 77 FR 3019 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-20

    ...G) to reflect changes to the Automated Quote Management service that will...market maker's change in Automated Quote Management service status...Automated Quote Management service. Accordingly...that the proposed changes to Rule...

  15. 76 FR 17466 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; International Securities Exchange, Inc. (n/k/a the International...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ...circumstances, such as market makers' firm quote obligations, customer anonymity is not...execute at prices better that its public quote is unfairly discriminatory. Accordingly...customers in providing prices better than its quote, the Commission does not believe...

  16. Filipino youth cultural politics and DJ culture

    E-print Network

    Tiongson, Antonio T.

    2006-01-01

    DJ Scene, Asian American Youth. Quote taken from Eric K.Quote taken from Deborah Wong, Just Being There: Making Asian AmericanQuote taken from Oliver Wang, Mobile Madness: A New Exhibit Looks at the History of Filipino American

  17. 76 FR 71089 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ...IWM''); (v) Bank of America Corporation (``BAC...account of a Specialist, Streaming Quote Trader or Remote Streaming Quote Trader resulting from a Customer...ROT'') includes a Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT''), a...

  18. Can the desert annual Salvia columbariae adapt to global warming?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. L. Soulanille; P. Bierzychudek

    1995-01-01

    Atmospheric concentrations of {open_quotes}greenhouse{close_quotes} gases are increasing, and most atmospheric scientists agree that an increase in global mean air temperatures will follow. The predictions about possible biological consequences range from {open_quotes}significant{close_quotes} to {open_quotes}catastrophic.{close_quotes} To explore the possible effects of elevated temperatures on a winter germinating desert annual, we grew seeds from two populations of Salvia columbariae in controlled environments mimicking

  19. Defining the normal turbine inflow within a wind park environment

    SciTech Connect

    Kelley, N.D.

    1993-06-01

    This brief paper discusses factors that must be considered when defining the [open quotes]normal[close quotes] (as opposed to [open quotes]extreme[close quotes]) loading conditions seen in wind turbines operating within a wind park environment. The author defines the [open quotes]normal[close quotes] conditions to include fatigue damage accumulation as a result of: (1) start/stop cycles, (2) emergency shutdowns, and (3) the turbulence environment associated with site and turbine location. He also interprets [open quotes]extreme[close quotes] loading conditions to include those events that can challenge the survivability of the turbine.

  20. Defining the normal turbine inflow within a wind park environment

    SciTech Connect

    Kelley, N.D.

    1993-06-01

    This brief paper discusses factors that must be considered when defining the {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} (as opposed to {open_quotes}extreme{close_quotes}) loading conditions seen in wind turbines operating within a wind park environment. The author defines the {open_quotes}normal{close_quotes} conditions to include fatigue damage accumulation as a result of: (1) start/stop cycles, (2) emergency shutdowns, and (3) the turbulence environment associated with site and turbine location. He also interprets {open_quotes}extreme{close_quotes} loading conditions to include those events that can challenge the survivability of the turbine.

  1. Paper title: Citizens or Consumers? The politics of EU health policy and the case of direct-to-consumer advertising for prescription drugs. To be presented at the Politics of Health Group panel at the 2009 Political Studies Association Conference (please do not cite or quote this draft without permission from the author)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Geyer

    As the European Union (EU) has developed there has been a growing tension between its societal engendering (citizen) and market-making (consumers) roles. In health policy this is nowhere more evident than the struggle over the pharmaceutical industry's promotion of direct-to-consumer advertising for prescription drugs (DTCA- PD). DTCA-PD is currently banned in the EU. Since 2000 the industry has been trying

  2. Captions: (front, left) E G speaks to garment workers about birth control, 20 May 1916, courtesy of IISH,Amsterdam, also in,Vol.3. (front, right) Occupy Wall Street, at Liberty Plaza, Oct 2011, photo by pfarnac1, Flickr. Quote (front): Emma Goldman,"The P

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    B Captions: (front, left) E G speaks to garment workers about birth control, 20 May 1916, courtesy, left):Adapted from cartoon by Lola,"Emma Goldman Earns Her Punishment" for birth control address. Der

  3. Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes

    SciTech Connect

    Gaba, J.M. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States)

    1990-12-31

    Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

  4. 76 FR 75582 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; C2 Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-02

    ...Change Relating to Market-Makers' Continuous Quoting Obligations and Adjusted Option...Market-Makers will not be obligated to maintain continuous quotes in adjusted option series and...to submit a single quote or maintain continuous quotes in one or more series of a...

  5. Water Sheds and Water Quality

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Illinois DNR

    This Illinois DNR pdf file contains a collection of activities to teach students in grades 5-9 about watersheds and pollution. Activities include &amp;quot;What is a Watershed?,&amp;quot; &amp;quot;Which Watershed are you in?&amp;quot; and general information about pollution and the Gulf of Mexico.

  6. 75 FR 3773 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ...Thereto, Relating to the Elimination of the Hybrid Electronic Quoting Fee January 14, 2010...amend its Fees Schedule to eliminate the Hybrid Electronic Quoting Fee. The text of the...proposed rule change is to eliminate the Hybrid Electronic Quoting Fee (``Quoting...

  7. Mantle plumes - both deep and shallow

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Earle Steven

    This webpage summarizes a 2004 paper published in the journal Science by Montelli and others suggesting that some mantle plumes are &quot;deep"; (interpreted to originate from the core-mantle boundary), while others are &quot;shallow"; (interpreted to originate near the 670 km phase change).

  8. AFGHANISTAN DISTRICT SOUTH (AES) US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    OFFEROR/CONTRACTOR 31a.UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 0 27a. SOLICITATION INCORPORATES BY REFERENCE FAR 52 TO OFFERORS INSTRUCTIONS TO OFFERORS DESCRIPTION: A Quote Checklist B Quote Format and Content C Submission of Questions D Submittal and Addressing of Quotes E Evaluation Factors F Additional Information A. QUOTE

  9. Heterogeneity, geostatistics, horizontal wells, and blackjack poker

    SciTech Connect

    Beliveau, D.

    1995-12-31

    This paper presents data on more than one thousand horizontal wells specifically comparing their hydrocarbon production performance to offsetting vertical wells. The data are striking, revealing an approximate log-normal distribution of Productivity Improvement Factors (PIFs). This distribution is ascribed primarily to geological heterogeneities compounded by mechanical drilling and completion effects. H-wells in conventional reservoirs show a mode or {open_quotes}most-likely{close_quotes} PIF just over 2, a median or {open_quotes}50/50 {close_quotes} PIF just over 3, and a mean or {open_quotes}average{close_quotes} PIF just over 4; with somewhat higher PIFs observed for heavy-oil h-wells and h-wells in heavily-fractured fields. The data also show an operator`s {open_quotes}expectation{close_quotes} should be based on the number of wells planned, with a larger number of wells yielding a higher {open_quotes}average{close_quotes} production per well. In some cases, it was possible to compare actual production results to those predicted by the operator. This also showed some rather startling results: though our {open_quotes}predictive models{close_quotes} appear quite accurate when averaged over several wells, the error expected for any individual h-well is greater than 50%! Some simple gaming examples show this size of error should be expected for almost any reservoir calculation (perhaps a better phrase is {open_quotes}reservoir estimate{close_quotes}).

  10. Boundary S Matrix and the Anti{endash}de Sitter Space to Conformal Field Theory Dictionary

    SciTech Connect

    Giddings, S.B. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106-9530 (United States)

    1999-10-01

    An S matrix analog is defined for anti{endash}de Sitter (Ads) space by constructing {open_quotes}in{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}out{close_quotes} states that asymptote to the timelike boundary. A derivation parallel to that of the Lehmann-Symanzik-Zimmermann formula shows that this {open_quotes}boundary S matrix{close_quotes} is given directly by correlation functions in the boundary conformal theory. This provides a key entry in the AdS to conformal field theory dictionary. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society }

  11. Technology transfer at Department of Energy and Office of Fusion Energy

    SciTech Connect

    Marton, W. [Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Technology transfer is a timely topic. International and national events have come together in a way that has motivated the federal government to use the major technology resources at government labs to help strengthen the economy. Within DOE, industry business principles are being employed in support of technology transfer. The question, {open_quotes}Who is the customer?{close_quotes} is being asked more and more. A transition is occurring from {open_quotes}technology-push{close_quotes} to {open_quotes}market pull.{close_quotes}

  12. Thermophiles

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Yellowstone National Park

    This official site of Yellowstone National Park contains information on thermophiles as a part of the &quot;Nature in Yellowstone&quot; home page. Specific topics covered include the history of thermophile research in Yellowstone National Park and future research plans including the &quot;Yellowstone Thermophiles Conservation Project.&quot; The site also contains links to Yellowstone National Park's main pages and the &quot;Nature in Yellowstone&quot; homepage where users can access links to a wealth of information on Yellowstone geology and hydrothermal features, online videos of ranger talks, Yellowstone publications, and additional Yellowstone Nature-related links from non-NPS sources.

  13. Factors affecting acceptability of radioactive metal recycling to the public and stakeholders

    SciTech Connect

    Nieves, L.A.; Burke, C.J.

    1995-08-01

    The perception of risk takes place within a cultural context that is affected by individual and societal values, risk information, personal experience, and the physical environment. Researchers have found that measures of {open_quotes}voluntariness of risk assumption,{close_quotes} of {open_quotes}disaster potential,{close_quotes} and of {open_quotes}benefit{close_quotes} are important in explaining risk acceptability. A review of cross-cultural studies of risk perception and risk acceptance, as well as an informal stakeholder survey, are used to assess the public acceptability of radioactive scrap metal recycling.

  14. 78 FR 77736 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; BATS Exchange, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-24

    ...To Modify BATS Options Market Maker Continuous Quoting Obligation Rules December 18...Rule 22.6(d) with respect to the continuous quoting requirement applicable to Market...d), Market Makers must enter ``continuous bids and offers for the options...

  15. Insurance for electric and magnetic field litigation: Are you covered

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, E.R.; Stewart, C.A. III

    1993-04-01

    Electrical power generating companies, power transmission companies and large generators and users of electrical power recently felt the sting of a second shock. The first shock came when lawsuits were first filed against companies in the electrical power industry claiming real or imagined damages from electrical and magnetic fields ([open quotes]EMFs[close quotes]). The new and second shock is potentially more devastating because it comes from the [open quotes]safe hands[close quotes] of the insurance industry. Standard-form comprehensive general liability ([open quotes]CGL[close quotes]) insurance policies purchased by nearly every company in the electrical power industry for generations are supposed to cover EMF bodily injury and property damage claims. Not so, say the lawyers for the most prominent insurance company selling insurance coverage to electric utilities, Associated Electric Gas Insurance Services, Ltd. ([open quotes]AEGIS[close quotes]).

  16. Fractal scaling properties in nonstationary heartbeat time series

    SciTech Connect

    Peng, C. [Cardiovascular Division, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)]|[Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Havlin, S. [Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)]|[Department of Physics, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel); Stanley, H.E. [Center for Polymer Studies and Department of Physics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Goldberger, A.L. [Cardiovascular Division, Harvard Medical School, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)]|[Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)

    1996-06-01

    Under healthy conditions, the normal cardiac (sinus) interbeat interval fluctuates in a complex manner. Quantitative analysis using techniques adapted from statistical physics reveals the presence of long-range power-law correlations extending over thousands of heartbeats. This scale-invariant (fractal) behavior suggests that the regulatory system generating these fluctuations is operating far from equilibrium. In contrast, we find that for subjects at high risk of sudden death (e.g. congestive heart failure patients) these long-range correlations break down. Application of fractal scaling analysis and related techniques provides new approaches to assessing cardiac risk and forecasting sudden cardiac death, as well as motivating development of novel physiological models of systems that appear to be {open_quote}{open_quote}hetero-dynamic{close_quote}{close_quote} rather than {open_quote}{open_quote}homeo-static.{close_quote}{close_quote} {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  17. 75 FR 6428 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ...ROTs'') \\3\\ that do not submit electronic quotations (``Non-Streaming ROTs''),\\4\\ Streaming Quote Traders (``SQTs''),\\5\\ and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs''),\\6\\ (ii) customers that submit...

  18. 76 FR 26777 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-09

    ...Phlx Only Members''); and (ii) have 50 or less Streaming Quote Trader (``SQT'') \\3\\ assignments \\4\\ affiliated...is an interface that enables specialists, SQTs and Remote Streaming Quote Traders (``RSQTs'') \\5\\ to connect and...

  19. 76 FR 11551 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness of Proposed Rule...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ...3\\ Equity options transaction charges for Specialists, Registered Options Traders, Streaming Quote Traders, Remote Streaming Quote Traders, Firms and Broker-Dealers are capped at $1,000 for dividend, merger and short...

  20. 75 FR 54411 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; New York Stock Exchange LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-07

    [Federal Register Volume 75, Number 172 (Tuesday, September...Revise the Quoting Requirements and Add a Volume Requirement August 30, 2010. Pursuant...revise the quoting requirements and add a volume requirement. The text of the...