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1

OBITUARY: Professor Edward Radford  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor Edward Radford, who died suddenly, aged 79, on October 12th last year at his home, was probably best known in the UK as Chairman of the Biological Effects of Ionising Radiation Committee III (BEIR) of the US National Academy of Sciences which initially reported in 1979. The 21 member committee were seriously split over their conclusions about the risk

Barrie Lambert

2002-01-01

2

Energy surveys of army industrial facilities, Energy Engineering Analysis Program, Radford Army Ammunition Plant, Radford, Virginia; volume 2 - appendices. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A coordinated energy study, including a detailed energy survey, shall be accomplished for the industrial facility. The study shall integrate the results of and any available data from prior or ongoing energy conservation studies, projects, designs, or plans. The information and analyses outlined herein are considered to be minimum essentials for adequate performance of this study. The study shall include a comprehensive energy report documenting study methods and results.

NONE

1991-03-01

3

Tough Choices at Radford University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes restructuring of an academic department at Radford University; uses a dialogue between the department chair and the vice president of academic affairs to present the process's contrasting perspectives. Explores how faculty and administrators can treat budgetary challenges as opportunities to renew institutional missions, collaborate in…

Barnard, Susan; Ferren, Ann

2001-01-01

4

Obituary: Harrison Edward Radford, 1927-2000  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Harrison Edward ``Harry" Radford, a noted laboratory spectroscopist and pioneer in the application of magnetic resonance techniques to spectroscopy, died on 5 May 2000, after a long battle with amyotropic lateral sclerosis (ALS). During a 37-year career at the National Bureau of Standards and the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Harry measured the frequencies of numerous molecular transitions which aided the emerging field of astrochemistry. Harry was both an excellent theoretician and a preeminently skilled experimentalist. He has several major spectroscopic achievements to his credit. He performed the first study of a short-lived molecular free radical, OH, by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, opening up a huge and important field of research. Together with colleagues he made the first observation of the rotational spectrum of CH by far infrared laser magnetic resonance spectroscopy and extended the technique to other molecules such as CH3O. Harry was born in Peterborough, New Hampshire, on 26 July 1927. He was the son of Harrison Edwin Radford, a roofer, and Dorothy (née Cole) Radford. He dropped out of high school to join the Navy in 1944 as an electronics technician's mate. After his discharge in 1946 he worked in the family construction business for four years as a roofer. In 1950 he entered the University of New Hampshire and graduated four years later, Summa Cum Laude, with a degree in physics. As a graduate student at Yale from 1954 to 1959 he wrote his PhD thesis under the supervision of V.W. Hughes on the microwave Zeeman spectra of oxygen and fluorine where he used the technique of paramagnetic resonance absorption in atomic vapors. In 1954 he married Mildred Spofford. They had three daughters, Susan (born in 1955), Amy (1957), and Sarah (1960). In 1974 he married Alfa Goldthwaithe Morrison, who survived him. From 1959 until 1969 Harry worked at the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST) in Washington DC. While there, he became interested in determining the long wavelength spectra and chemical properties of molecular free radicals, which can be generated in gaseous samples only in extremely low densities. He saw the potential for the application of magnetic resonance techniques to free radical spectroscopy early on. In 1965 he made the definitive measurements of the ground state lambda doublet transition frequencies of OH, which had recently been discovered in the interstellar medium. These measurements made it possible to determine the velocities of molecular clouds with high precision. For his work with the Bureau he earned the Department of Commerce's Silver Medal for Meritorious service. In 1969 Harry moved to the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, Massachusetts where he remained until his retirement in 1992. He continued to do research for four more years, almost until the onset of his illness. He initially joined the group, under A.E. Lilley, that was formed to bring together laboratory spectroscopy and the fledgling field of radio astronomy of interstellar molecules. This interdisciplinary effort led to the discovery of several new molecules based on precise laboratory microwave measurements of their spectra, beginning with methanol, which helped to lay the foundation for the new science of astrochemistry. While at SAO Harry pioneered the application of laser magnetic resonance spectroscopy to study the spectra of free radicals. His measurements of molecules such as OH, NH, CH, SO, HO2, HCO, NH2, N2H4, DO2, DOCO, CH3O, and CH2OH informed and guided research in astrochemistry. He also applied this technique to the study of atmospherically important molecules. In recognition for his work he received the Senior Award of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in 1983. Harry spent sabbatical years at Cambridge University in 1977, working with Douglas Russell, Brian Thrush, and Paul Davies. Additional sabbatical years were taken at the University of Bonn in 1983 (as a Humboldt Fellow) with Wolfgang Urban and at

Moran, James Michael; Kirby, Kate Page; Chance, Kelly V.; Brown, Campbell

2003-12-01

5

Commonwealth of Virginia Emergency Operations Plan. Change 2 to Volumes 1 and 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains the 1990 revisions to Volumes I and II, Commonwealth of Virginia Emergency Operations Plan. Key changes to the Emergency Operations Plan include: A new gubernatorial executive order promulgating the Emergency Operations Plan; A revised...

1990-01-01

6

Sonar Dome Deflection Measurements on the USS RADFORD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sonar dome deflection measurements were performed on the new monolithic sonar dome of the USS RADFORD in Oct. - Dec. 1997. Over 700 Mbytes of raw data from 22 environmental sensors and 128 displacement sensors were obtained. The at-sea data acquisition wa...

D. B. Weaver J. B. Walker J. F. Covey R. D. Corsaro

1999-01-01

7

Commonwealth of Virginia Emergency Operations Plan. Volume 1: Basic Plan. Volume II: Peacetime Disasters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Commonwealth of Virginia Emergency Operations Plan has been developed to provide a sound basis for emergency preparedness programs and training activities and to establish the organizational and operational concepts and procedures designed to minimize...

1982-01-01

8

Philological Papers: Special Issue Devoted to the Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film. Volume 36. Papers Presented at the West Virginia University's Annual Colloquium (13th, Morgantown, West Virginia, September 29-October 1, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains papers read at West Virginia University's Colloquium on "The Teacher in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Literature and Film" including the following 12 articles listed with their authors: "A Second Pair of Eyes: The Editor as Teacher" (Hart L. Wegner); "Don Juan Goes to the Movies" (Armand E. Singer); "The Teacher in Jean…

Singer, Armand E., Ed.

1990-01-01

9

Foundation Report on Stonewall Jackson Dam, West Fork River Basin, Weston, West Virginia. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The geology of the Stonewall Jackson dam site and a discussion of how the engineered structures were adapted to the existing rock conditions is the purpose of this report. Stonewall Jackson dam is located in central West Virginia near the town of Weston. ...

D. Nugen

1987-01-01

10

The 1979 Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study. Volume 1: Description of experiments and selected aircraft data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study (SEV-UPS) utilizes remote sensors and satellite platforms to monitor the Earth's environment and resources. SEV-UPS focuses on the application of specific remote sensors to the monitoring and study of specific air quality problems. The 1979 SEV-UPS field program was conducted with specific objectives: (1) to provide correlative data to evaluate the Laser Absorption spectrometer ozone remote sensors; (2) to demonstrate the utility of the sensor for the study of urban ozone problems; (3) to provide additional insights into air quality phenomena occuring in Southeastern Virginia; and (4) to compare measurement results of various in situ measurement platforms. The field program included monitoring from 12 surface stations, 4 aircraft, 2 tethered balloons, 2 radiosonde release sites, and numerous surface meteorological observation sites. The aircraft monitored 03, NO, NOX, Bscat, temperature, and dewpoint temperature.

Gregory, G. L.; Lee, R. B., III; Mathis, J. J., Jr.

1981-01-01

11

The "Ins and Outs" of Marketing and Retention in Virginia's Community Colleges: Exemplary Marketing and Retention Practices in the Virginia Community College System. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Virginia Community College System (VCCS) initiated the Marketing and Retention Recognition Program (MRRP) to identify and publicize innovative marketing and retention activities being implemented throughout the system. This report offers brief sketches of some of the exemplary projects identified by the MRRP. First, introductory material…

Puyear, Don, Ed.; And Others

12

Aquatic Field Surveys at Radford, Holston, Volunteer, and Milan Army Ammunition Plants. Volume IV. Milan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Studies were undertaken at Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) to determine the effects of munitions wastes on aquatic life in the receiving system. The following aquatic groups were investigated: Bacteria, phytoplankton, periphyton, zooplankton, protozoa,...

B. L. Huff W. D. Duckert P. G. Barding J. H. Wheeler T. M. Hogan

1975-01-01

13

Virginia's Waters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes the water resources in Virginia. Main sections included are: (1) "Introduction" (providing a general overview of the richness and diversity of Virginia's water resources both economic and recreational); (2) "River Basins" (illustrating the area drained by nine rivers and their tributaries); (3) "Bays" (including the…

Sevebeck, Kathryn P.; And Others

14

CARETS: A prototype regional environmental information system. Volume 7: Land use information and air quality planning. [Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The author has identified the following significant results. The pilot air quality system provided data for updating information on the sources of point and area emissions of SO2 and particulate matter affecting the Norfolk-Portsmouth area of Virginia for 1971-72 winter and the annual 1972 period. During the 1971-72 winter, estimated SO2 amounts over an area with a SW-NE axis in the central section of Norfolk exceeded both primary and secondary levels.

Alexander, R. H. (principal investigator); Reed, W. E.; Lewis, J. E.

1975-01-01

15

Virginia Runaways  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Thomas Costa of the History Department at the University of Virginia's College at Wise, the Virginia Runaways Project is a digital database of runaway and captured slave advertisements from eighteenth-century Virginia newspapers. The database builds significantly on the pioneering work on runaway slave ads published by Algerna Windley in 1984. Browseable by year or searchable by keyword with multiple modifiers, the database features the full transcripts and images of runaway and captured slave ads placed in Virginia newspapers from 1736 to 1790. At present, the database only includes white servants who were somehow associated with runaway African-Americans, but eventually "a complete dataset of runaway and captive servant advertisements for Virginia will be included, offering a unique look at the lower orders in eighteenth-century Virginia." A brief bibliography, list of newspapers surveyed, and a reference section (under construction) are also provided. While certainly interesting to general users, the database also has potential for use in a variety of high school and university courses.

Costa, Tom.

16

Measuring Streamflow in Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Department of the Interior, is the Nation's largest Earth-science information agency. Among its many responsibilities, such as map making and providing information on earthquakes and other natural hazards, the USGS provides information on the Nation's water resources. The USGS has collected and analyzed hydrologic (water-related) information for more than 100 years. In 1889, the first streamflow-gaging station (a site where regular observations of streamflow data are collected) operated in the United States by the USGS was established on the Rio Grande near Embudo, New Mexico. As the need for streamflow data increased, the USGS's streamflow-gaging program has grown to include more than 7,000 continuous-record streamflow-gaging stations. More than 90 percent of these stations are operated with at least partial support from State, local, or other Federal agencies. In Virginia, the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) is a major cooperator in the streamflow-gaging program, which consists of 161 continuous-record streamflow-gaging stations located throughout the State (fig. 1). The USGS and DEQ cooperate to publish the annual USGS State data report, 'Water Resources Data-Virginia'; this two-volume publication includes streamflow data collected at the 161 streamflow-gaging stations, chemical data collected at 19 streamflow-gaging stations, and ground-water data collected from more than 250 wells located in Virginia.

Moberg, Roger M.; Rice, Karen C.; Powell, Eugene D.

1995-01-01

17

Evaluation of the U.S. Highway 17 Underpass in Chesapeake, Virginia, as a Wildlife Crossing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In November 2005, the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) realigned and widened more than 10 miles of U.S. Highway 17 in Chesapeake, Virginia, to accommodate the growing volume of traffic and increase safety. Through extensive coordination with r...

B. M. Donaldson M. H. Schaus

2010-01-01

18

Virginia State Climatology Office  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A constituent of the University of Virginia, the Virginia State Climatology Office provides information on the atmospheric environment and analyzes the effects weather and climate have on the economic and ecologic systems. Researchers can find information on how to obtain climate and weather data and can view meteorological maps as well as links to various radar and satellite images. Students can learn about Virginia's climate and its prominent weather systems. Virginia residents will value the site for its forecasts and advisories.

19

Volcanoes in Virginia!  

SciTech Connect

The recent earthquake may have you wondering what other surprises Virginia's geology may hold. Could there be a volcanic eruption in Virginia? Probably not today, but during the Eocene, about 35-48 million years ago, a number of mysterious eruptions occurred in western Virginia. This talk investigates the possible origins of these eruptions, and what they can tell us about the crust and mantle underneath Virginia.

Johnson, Elizabeth Baedke (James Madison University) [James Madison University

2012-01-24

20

VCCA Journal: Journal of the Virginia Community Colleges Association; Volume 4, Numbers 1 and 2, Spring/Summer 1989 and Fall/Winter 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first issue of this semi-annual journal features presentations and papers from the sixth Annual Virginia Community Colleges Association Convention held November 17-18, 1988, including the following: "Community College Mission: An Ideology Out of Balance," by Darrel Clowes and Bernard H. Levin; "The Bottom of the Blind Man's Cup," a poem by T.…

Hurst, Darrell, Ed.; Jobin, Robert, Ed.

1989-01-01

21

Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse. Volume 1. Proceedings of the Community Epidemiology Work Group. Held in Arlington, Virginia on June 8-11, 2004. Highlights and Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Executive Summary is a synthesis of findings presented at the 56th semiannual meeting of the Community Epidemiology Work Group (CEWG) held in Arlington, Virginia, on June 811, 2004, under the sponsorship of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, Natio...

2004-01-01

22

511 Virginia Evaluation, January 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents the results of the evaluation of the 511 Virginia Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS), a system that operates on the I-81 corridor in Virginia. The evaluation focused on The Virginia Department of Transportations (VDOT) thre...

N. Swan R. Hintz S. Baker T. Trimble

2004-01-01

23

Virginia Herpetological Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Displaying an earnest enthusiasm for their local herp populations, the Virginia Herpetological Society (VHS) proclaims itself to be a "society for everyone interested in the Education, Conservation, and Research of amphibians and reptiles." The main VHS site links to a host of resources including photos of, and information about, anurans, lizards, salamanders, snakes, and turtles. The site also links to such features as the Virginia Snake ID Guide, downloadable Virginia Herpetological Atlases, Marty's Timber Rattlesnake Summary, Species Accounts, and the Photograph of the Month. Site visitors can even test their knowledge with a fun photographic Virginia Herp Quiz.

24

Virginia's traffic management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports that Northern Virginia, like most other urban areas, faces the challenge of moving more and more vehicles on roads that are already overloaded. Traffic in Northern Virginia is continually increasing, but the development surrounding Interstate 395, 495, and 66 makes little room available for roadway expansion. Even if land were unlimited, the strict requirement of the Clean

J. Morris; S. Marber

1992-01-01

25

Historic Structure Report, Historical Data Section, Arlington House, the Robert E. Lee Memorial, Virginia, George Washington Memorial Parkway. Volume 2. 1933-1942.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a continuation of volume I. The purpose of the study is to bring together available documentary evidence, including maps, plans, prints and photographs, to facilitate the accurate restoration and interpretation of Arlington House as that str...

C. W. Snell

1985-01-01

26

VCCA Journal: Journal of the Virginia Community Colleges Association; Volume 3, Numbers 1 and 2, Spring/Summer 1988 and Fall/Winter 1988.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "VCCA Journal" presents feature articles, abstracts, teaching strategies, book reviews and announcements. The first issue of Volume 3 includes the following articles: (1) "The Alliance for Excellence: A Model for Articulation between the Community College and the Black Church," by Ervin Griffin; (2) "Traditional and New Opportunities for…

Hurst, Darrell, Ed.

1988-01-01

27

Early Virginia Religious Petitions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This latest American Memory offering from the Library of Congress (LOC), in collaboration with the Library of Virginia, features images of 432 petitions submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802. Sent from over 80 counties and cities throughout the state, the petitions discuss topics such as the separation of church and state, the rights of dissenters, the sale and division of property in the established church, and the dissolution of unpopular vestries. Users can browse the collection by geographic location or date, or search by keyword. Each image is accompanied by a very brief content description and a link to a larger JPEG image. Additional resources at the site include an essay on petitioning in eighteenth-century Virginia, a chronology of religious development in America, and a link to a previous special exhibition, Religion and the Founding of the American Republic (reviewed in the June 12, 1998 Scout Report).

28

Growing Apples in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

able and rewarding experience, but consistent produc- tion of high quality fruit requires knowledge of tree and fruit growth and a willingness to perform certain prac- tices at the appropriate time. Virginia is on the southern fringe of the U. S. apple producing region. Most apple varieties produce the highest quality fruit when night- time temperatures are cool (less than

Richard P. Marini

29

Virginia Tech Student Support.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The massacre at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University on April 16, 2007 is the greatest tragedy that U.S. higher education has faced. The university administration decided to close Norris Hall, the site of many of the shootings, displaci...

A. Nair A. Shende K. Das K. Ramesh W. Jiang

2008-01-01

30

Interview with Virginia Richardson  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia Richardson, professor and former chair of Educational Studies at the University of Michigan, has recently been recognized for her contributions to teacher education with the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE). She has previously served as Vice President of Division K for the…

Miletta, Alexandra

2005-01-01

31

Virginia Career Readiness Certificate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how Virginia responded to employer needs and created a blue print for the establishment of a demand driven workforce-credentialing system. This system serves the needs of job seekers and the competency-certification needs of hiring authorities. This is a true quality of life and economic development movement.

DuBois, Glenn; Westerman, Gloria

2007-01-01

32

WEST VIRGINIA BASELINE  

EPA Science Inventory

This report was prepared as part of the Ohio River Basin Energy Study (ORBES), a multidisciplinary policy research program supported by the Environmental Protection Agency. Its purpose is to provide baseline information on West Virginia, one of six states included partly or total...

33

Virginia School Health Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia's Department of Education and Department of Health are concerned with the health of children and youth, and with the implementation of comprehensive school health programs. These guidelines provide a basis for developing a model school health program or for enriching an existing program, focusing on health services and school environment.…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

34

Truck Speeds in Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study attempts to evaluate the adequacy and advisability of differential truck-passenger car speed limits on the Interstate and primary systems in the State of Virginia. In general it was found that the current posted truck speed limit on Interstate h...

W. S. Ferguson

1968-01-01

35

77 FR 5400 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Amendments to Virginia's...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Amendments to Virginia's Regulation Regarding the Sulfur Dioxide National...SIP) revision submitted by the Commonwealth of Virginia (Virginia). This revision pertains to...

2012-02-03

36

Many Faces, Many Voices: Multicultural Literary Experiences for Youth. The Virginia Hamilton Conference (Kent, Ohio).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains keynote and workshop presentations from several Virginia Hamilton Conferences on multicultural literature for children and young people. The papers and speeches are as follows: (1) "A Toiler, A Teller" (Virginia Hamilton); (2) "The Next America" (Arnold Adoff); (3) "The Magic of Imagining: Transaction with Young Adult Fiction…

Manna, Anthony L., Ed.; Brodie, Carolyn S., Ed.

37

The Virginia Quarterly Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Self-described as "a national journal of literature and discussion", _The Virginia Quarterly Review_ has been in existence since 1925, and continues to publish important essays, poems, and other prose pieces on a wide range of topics. Its site is full of materials from the current issue and also a number of Web-only materials, such as an audio selection of Michael Chabon at the Virginia Festival of the Book. Visitors can also peruse more than a decade of back issues of the Quarterly at no charge and they may also be interested in reading a number of press releases from the Quarterly about their various activities and accolades. Of course, visitors who find the Quarterly particularly compelling may also elect to sign up for a subscription on this site or purchase other related items.

38

Virginia Tech Transportation Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI) is the institution's largest university-level research center. The organization is "dedicated to conducting research to save lives, save time, and save money." On their homepage, visitors can read the "Spotlight on VTTI" to get some highlights about their work including focus on transportation and an aging population and other topics as of late. Transportation fanatics won't want to miss the Publications area hosting dozens of papers on technical topics such as map-based navigation, dynamic roadway signage, and military vehicles. Visitors can also read their annual reports, learn about employment opportunities, and check out the Virginia Smart Road, which is their closed, state-of-the-art, test-bed research facility.

39

Resources for Teaching Virginia Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource notebook contains information and unit planning ideas for teachers, class activities, and student materials that can be used for teaching a 12th grade course about Virginia state and local governments. Section A features: (1) information about how to use these materials and how to find time to teach about Virginia government; (2) a…

Snook, Helen B.

40

Global Pursuits: Sunday Morning, Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief article describes Winslow Homer's oil on canvas painting, "Sunday Morning, Virginia." "Sunday Morning, Virginia" depicts a group of African-Americans learning to read in a slave cabin after the Civil War. A young teacher, wearing a crisp dress and apron, sits surrounded by three children as she teaches them to read the Bible. This…

School Arts: The Art Education Magazine for Teachers, 2004

2004-01-01

41

Amoco-US Environmental Protection Agency, pollution prevention project, Yorktown, Virginia: Measurements of hydrocarbon emissions and ambient air concentrations at the Amoco Yorktown Refinery. Air quality data. Volume 1. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amoco Oil Company has initiated a joint research program (The Pollution Prevention Project) with the US Environmental Protection Agency to study pollution prevention options for petroleum refinery releases to all environmental media: air, water and land. Amoco's Yorktown, Virginia, refinery was selected for the study. Amoco contracted with Radian Corporation to provide technical assistance in quantifying airborne organic vapor emissions.

Herndon

1991-01-01

42

Virginia Emigrants to Liberia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the assistance of the American Colonization Society from 1820-1865, 3,700 hundred free blacks emigrated from Virginia, to Liberia to establish the first African Republic. This well-researched gem of a website from the University of Virginia provides an interesting look into the lives of the emigrants as well as a glimpse into the identities of the emancipators who freed their slaves in order to allow them to emigrate to Liberia. A large number of resources on the emigration to Liberia are also provided. Visitors can click on "Resources" at the top of the page, to find a tab entitled "Timeline", which provides a detailed history of Liberia, with links to primary sources such as letters, articles, photographs, and even the Constitution of Liberia. Once visitors have gotten their bearings there, they can click on "Search Emigrants" to search by name, county or city of origin, ship name, emancipator, and destination. Visitors can also click "Search Emancipators" by last name, county or year of emancipation. Also under "Resources", the "Links" tab has more than two-dozen links to resources about Liberia and African Americans from a variety of authoritative websites. To read some of the intriguing stories behind the names of the emigrants and emancipators that visitors may have found in their searches, click on "Stories" at the top of the web page. The stories of ten families, individuals, emigrants, and emancipators are detailed in this link.

43

Virginia is for Lovers and Diretors: Important Differences Between Fiduciary Duties in Virginia and Delaware  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virginia and Delaware have different approaches to a director’s fiduciary duties. The Virginia Stock Corporation Act imposes a deferential subjective standard of conduct that allows the more-frequent application of its business judgment rule. Virginia courts have followed the Virginia Stock Corporation Act and have shown even more deference to the decisions of directors than the Virginia Stock Corporation Act may

Parker Jr. Laurence V

2011-01-01

44

Bouguer gravity anomalies in West Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four regional gravity features in West Virginia primarily reflect major basement structures, intra-basement ultramafics and Alleghenian structural grain. The central West Virginia gravity high corresponds with the southern and central West Virginia basement arches. The adjacent western West Virginia gravity low correlates with Rome trough basement structure. Calculated gravity profiles, magnetics, deep well and seismic data support the relationship of

B. R. Kulander; S. L. Dean

1985-01-01

45

Virginia Convention of 1861  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On a fateful day in February 1861, delegates from all of Virginia's counties met to decide how the state would respond to a number of recent events, including Abraham Lincoln's election and South Carolina's secession. Ultimately, they voted to remain in the Union, as there was still hope at that moment that a compromise would be forthcoming. Two months later all of this changed, as the same delegates moved to secede from the United States. This remarkable website from the University of Richmond contains the fully transcribed text of these debates, along with interactive maps, information about the delegates, and a brief primer on the convention. Visitors can use the tools on the right-hand side of the homepage to get started, or they can also use the "Suggested Searches" area to search for words like "war" and "slave". Also, visitors should not miss the "Data Visualizations", which include a timeline and a graphic representation of the votes for secession by county.

46

Geothermal investigations in West Virginia  

SciTech Connect

Deep sedimentary basins and warm-spring systems in West Virginia are potential geothermal resources. A temperature gradient map based on 800 bottom-hole temperatures for West Virginia shows that variations of temperature gradient trend northeasterly, parallel to regional structure. Highest temperature gradient values of about 28/sup 0/C/km occur in east-central West Virginia, and the lowest gradients (18/sup 0/C/km) are found over the Rome Trough. Results from ground-water geochemistry indicate that the warm waters circulate in very shallow aquifers and are subject to seasonal temperature fluctuations. Silica heat-flow data in West Virginia vary from about 0.89 to 1.4 HFU and generally increase towards the west. Bouguer, magnetic, and temperature gradient profiles suggest that an ancient rift transects the state and is the site of several deep sedimentary basins.

Hendry, R.; Hilfiker, K.; Hodge, D.; Morgan, P.; Swanberg, C.; Shannon, S.S. Jr.

1982-11-01

47

Virginia Animal Waste Management Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A portion of the waters of the Chowan River drainage basin within the state of Virginia has been classified as 'nutrient enriched'. Ultimately this nutrient enrichment has negative impacts upon water quality within the Albemarle-Pamlico estuary. One sourc...

J. Lewis

1990-01-01

48

The Library of Virginia: WPA Life Histories, Virginia Interviews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (last discussed in the November 20, 1998 Scout Report) has added to their digital collections materials of interest to a variety of researchers in American or Virginia history. WPA Life Histories "consists of approximately 1,350 life histories, social-ethnic studies, youth studies, interviews with former slaves, and a small number of folklore studies, all of which were created by the staff of the Virginia Writers' Project (VWP)." This recent addition consists of digitized documents placed in a database that is searchable by three options: word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each record, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the record. A generic TIFF viewer for Windows 3.11/95 may be downloaded for free at the site.

1999-01-01

49

The Library of Virginia: The Virginia Historical Inventory Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Program (DLP) has brought to the Web the Virginia Historical Inventory Project (VHI), "a collection of detailed reports, photographs, and maps, documenting the architectural, cultural, and family histories of thousands of 18th- and 19th-century buildings in communities across Virginia." The collection consists of documents created by WPA workers who were specifically directed to focus on "vernacular architecture and the history of everyday buildings." Users can search the database via keyword, subject, author/ photographer, title, or record number, and along with the relevant report, results will link to maps and photographs, when available. A TIFF viewer is required in order to view page images of the reports, and there are links to download the software on-site.

50

Atmospheric particulate measurements in Norfolk, Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Characterization of atmospheric particulates was conducted at a site near the center of Norfolk, Virginia. Air quality was measured in terms of atmospheric mass loading, particle size distribution, and particulate elemental composition for a period of 2 weeks. The objectives of this study were (1) to establish a mean level of air quality and deviations about this mean, (2) to ascertain diurnal changes or special events in air quality, and (3) to evaluate instrumentation and sampling schedules. Simultaneous measurements were made with the following instruments: a quartz crystal microbalance particulate monitor, a light-scattering multirange particle counter, a high-volume air sampler, and polycarbonate membrane filters. To assess the impact of meteorological conditions on air quality variations, continuous data on temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and wind direction were recorded. Particulate elemental composition was obtained from neutron activation and scanning electron microscopy analyses of polycarbonate membrane filter samples. The measured average mass loading agrees reasonably well with the mass loadings determined by the Virginia State Air Pollution Control Board. There are consistent diurnal increases in atmospheric mass loading in the early morning and a sample time resolution of 1/2 hour seems necessary to detect most of the significant events.

Storey, R. W., Jr.; Sentell, R. J.; Woods, D. C.; Smith, J. R.; Harris, F. S., Jr.

1975-01-01

51

Recycling of Salt-Contaminated Stormwater Runoff for Brine Production at Virginia Department of Transportation Road-Salt Storage Facilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A large part of the Virginia Department of Transportations (VDOTs) maintenance effort comprises the implementation of its snow removal and ice control program. Earlier research confirmed that VDOT captures significant volumes of salt-laden stormwater runo...

G. M. Fitch J. A. Smith V. O. Craver

2008-01-01

52

ADULT EDUCATION PHILOSOPHIES PRACTICED BY AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION TEACHERS IN PENNSYLVANIA, VIRGINIA, AND WEST VIRGINIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zinn's (1990) Philosophy of Adult Education Inventory (PAEI) was used to determine the adult education philosophies practiced by Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Virginia secondary school agricultural education teachers. The target population of this study included all agricultural education teachers from Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Virginia who taught during the 1998- 99 academic year. Proportional stratified sampling (n = 314) was

Harry N. Boone; Stacy A. Gartin; Crystal B. Wright; Layle D. Lawrence; Kerry S. Odell

2002-01-01

53

40 CFR 81.433 - Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Virginia. 81.433 Section 81.433 ...PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.433 Virginia. Area name Acreage Public...

2009-07-01

54

40 CFR 81.433 - Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Virginia. 81.433 Section 81.433 ...PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.433 Virginia. Area name Acreage Public...

2013-07-01

55

40 CFR 81.433 - Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Virginia. 81.433 Section 81.433 ...PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.433 Virginia. Area name Acreage Public...

2010-07-01

56

West Virginia Historical Photographs Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like many states, West Virginia has embarked on an ambitious project to digitize a wide range of photographs for use by the general public, historians, and those just curious about the state's history. Created by staff members at the West Virginia University Library system, this online collection brings together 20,000 photographs. The search engine for the site is easy enough to use, but the site might have benefited from a number of subject guides or thematic collections for more casual users. Overall, the site is a real find, as users will enjoy looking through construction photographs of the Personal Rapid Transit system on the campus of West Virginia University, demonstration farm projects in Hancock County, and African American miners at work.

57

Virginia Museum of Fine Arts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts (VMFA) is a state-supported, privately endowed educational institution created for the benefit of the citizens of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its purpose is "to collect, preserve, exhibit, and interpret art, to encourage the study of the arts, and thus to enrich the lives of all." The siteĂ¢â‰¢s homepage provides a variety of resources to experience the rich array of the VMFA's holdings and programs. In the Collections area, visitors can look through representative examples of their items from the ancient world, Africa, ancient American art, and twelve other areas. In the Learn area, visitors can take advantage of online art tutorials and learn about VMFA programs throughout Virginia. The Exhibitions area contains links to a range of images and printed materials that relate the stories of their current, past, and upcoming exhibits, such as "Indian Silver for the Raj" and "Say What? How Ancient Writing Began."

58

Virginia Commonwealth University: A Sesquicentennial History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of two institutions, the Medical College of Virginia and the Richmond Professional Institute, which came together in 1968 to form Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), is presented. The Medical College of Virginia was established in 1838 (1988 marks VCU's 150th anniversary) as a branch of Hampden-Sydney College, but broke away in…

Dabney, Virginius

59

Virginia Department of Transportation: Trying to Keep Virginia Moving (B)  

Microsoft Academic Search

What makes a good change agent? How does an outsider gain credibility inside a large and traditional organization? This undisguised case offers students an opportunity to design and explore a large-scale organizational change initiative and develop a comprehensive action plan for managing it. After winning the 2001 election, the new governor of Virginia, Mark Warner, named Phillip Shucet to head

James Clawson; Gerry Yemen

60

Virginia Department of Transportation: Trying to Keep Virginia Moving (A)  

Microsoft Academic Search

What makes a good change agent? How does an outsider gain credibility inside a large and traditional organization? This undisguised case offers students an opportunity to design and explore a large-scale organizational change initiative and develop a comprehensive action plan for managing it. After winning the 2001 election, the new governor of Virginia, Mark Warner, named Phillip Shucet to head

James Clawson; Gerry Yemen

61

LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLE LATE NESTING ECOLOGY IN VIRGINIA BEACH, VIRGINIA  

EPA Science Inventory

T'he.loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta came is the only recurrent nesting species of sea turtle in southeastern Virginia (Lutcavage & Musick, 1985; Dodd, 1988). Inasmuch as the loggerhead is a federally threatened species, the opportunity to gather data on its nesting ecology is imp...

62

Faculty Handbook. West Virginia University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies and procedures of West Virginia University are presented in the 1976 edition of the faculty handbook. Major sections deal with: university organization; conditions of employment; payment and benefits; graduate school; off-campus education; research; student relations; support services; and other university policies. Appendices consider…

West Virginia Univ., Morgantown.

63

Articulating Success in West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two years in West Virginia, college filing cabinets were stacked high with articulation agreements. College faculty members were traveling to and from area high schools in an effort to develop and finalize articulation agreements; all part of the process. And to what end? Less than 1 percent of students in the state were taking advantage of the…

D'Antoni, Kathy J.; Coulson, Gene

2008-01-01

64

Reading "Terebithia" in Southern Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses reading "The Bridge to Terebithia" to a third-grade class prior to release of the film version. Reading of the final chapter followed by two days the April 16, 2007 shootings at Virginia Tech University, just seventy miles from the classroom. Although none of the college students from the author's town died, everyone knew…

Baker, Dori Grinenko

2008-01-01

65

Beyond Awareness: Providing for the Gifted Child. Proceedings of the Annual Northern Virginia Conference on Gifted/Talented Education (4th, Arlington, Virginia, March 23-24, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume contains 19 papers from the Fourth Annual Northern Virginia Conference on Gifted/Talented Education. Included are the following titles and authors: "A Statement on the National Commitment to Gifted Education" (R. Stafford); "Beyond Awareness into Practice" (F. Williams); "Fostering Independence and Creativity" (D. Treffinger); "Parents…

Orloff, Jeffrey H., Ed.

66

The cottontail rabbits of Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Five races of cottontail rabbits belonging to three species occur in Virginia. One of them, the Mearns cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus mearnsi), is reported here for the first time. It occurs in six southwestern counties of the state, while the eastern cottontail (S. f. mallurus) occurs in the remainder of the state with the exception of Smith and Fishermans islands off the eastern coast of Cape Charles, where it is replaced by Hitchens cottontail (S. f. hitchensi). The New England cottontail (S. transitionalis) is found on the higher mountain peaks, above 3000 feet, and the swamp rabbit (S. palustris) occurs in the Dismal Swamp region of southeastern Virginia.....The height of the breeding season for the eastern cottontail in Virginia is March and April, but breeding continues through the entire year except in December and January. The average litter size based on embryo counts was 4.7. The sex ratio of 234 specimens from all parts of the state, taken mostly in the December to February period, was 53 males to 47 females. That of a group of 145 rabbits live-trapped at Blacksburg during February and Marchwas 58 males to 42 females. The figures show that males are more active than females during the winter months, and therefore are more easily taken then....In transplanting cottontails from one section of the state to another, it is recommended that only cottontails of the same race as those originally present in the region being restocked be released there....Tularemia is not a common disease among rabbits in Virginia, but the rabbit ticks are often carriers of the disease and may transmit it to rabbits. Rabbit ticks are also found to be carriers of Rocky Mountain fever and American Q. fever. After the ticks drop off the rabbits to hibernate in the ground, which is likely to occur during mid-winter in Virginia, there is relatively little danger of humans contracting tularemia by contact with rabbits. Present laws in Virginia which prohibit rabbit hunting until the opening of the general hunting season, November 15and November 20--west and east of the Blue Ridge Mountains, respectively--protect the licensed hunters to which these regulations apply, but landowners or tenants are still allowed to take rabbits for their own use on their own land at any time. It is recommended that as a public health measure the taking of cottontails be completely prohibited to all until the opening of the general hunting season.

Llewellyn, L.M.; Handley, C.O.

1945-01-01

67

Virginia Institute of Marine Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) conducts research in coastal ocean and estuarine science, provides educational materials and opportunities, and provides advisory service to policy makers, industry, and the public. The VIMS home page features overviews of its research activities in environmental and aquatic health, fisheries, coastal climate change, and many other disciplines. The education page describes opportunities for graduate students at the VIMS School of Marine Science and provides an overview of the Virginia Sea Grant Marine Education program, which offers resources and services in ocean sciences education. Resources for educators include the Bridge, a clearinghouse of online resources, and ChesSIE, a source of educational materials for teachers in the mid-Atlantic area. The resources page features links to the VIMS library, a web interface and search engine that enables users to search library holdings, and links to datasets on salinity, temperature, quality of Chesapeake Bay waters, and meteorological and other types of data.

68

Manumission in Nineteenth Century Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A long-standing debate concerns the rationality of slave owners and this paper addresses that debate within the context of manumission. Using a new sample of 19th-century Virginia manumissions, I show that manumission was associated with the productive characteristics of slaves. More productive slaves were manumitted at younger ages than less productive slaves. Although more productive slaves were more valuable to

Howard Bodenhorn

2010-01-01

69

Virginia Community College Geospatial Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The VCCS Geospatial Portal serves as a gateway of information for VCCS faculty, students, and others interested in supporting the development of a geospatially literate workforce in Virginia. The VCCS Geospatial Portal supports the efforts of VCCS member colleges by: providing a calendar of geospatial events and activities across the state, developing and promoting geospatial career awareness efforts and related opportunities; enhancing the precollege geospatial pipeline; and facilitating collaboration among VCCS faculty by supporting the sharing of geospatial curricula and other educational resources.

2011-07-22

70

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

ScienceCinema

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

Gantt, Lynn

2013-05-29

71

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

ScienceCinema

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

72

EcoCAR Challenge Profile: Virginia Tech  

SciTech Connect

Since childhood, Lynn Gantt has had a deep seeded passion for cars and the mechanics that drive them. The Virginia native spent his weekends rebuilding antique tractors with his dad to race at tractor pulls across the state, and now the Virginia Tech graduate student is the proud team co-leader of Virginia Tech's EcoCAR Challenge team -- the winners of the three-year long competition, as announced last night at an awards ceremony in Washington, D.C..

Gantt, Lynn

2011-01-01

73

Reading in Virginia: 1973-1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Reading in Virginia" is intended to provide educators with information on topics related to reading instruction. The contents include: "Look, Move, Read," which discusses a reading and perceptual motor efficiency program designed to correct reading difficulties; "Teaching Reading in Virginia: Some Observations," which reports on one…

Virginia State Reading Association.

74

Obtaining Financial Parity in West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On March 28, 2008 West Virginia's governor signed into law House Bill 4117 that provides salary stipends to school psychologists and school nurses who are nationally certified. This accomplishment was largely due to 2 years of work undertaken by three dedicated persons in West Virginia: school psychologists Sarah Kendall and Terry Thorn and school…

Bohmann, Joan

2008-01-01

75

Virginia's College and Career Readiness Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, Virginia began a broad educational reform program that resulted in revised, rigorous content standards, the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL), in the content areas of English, mathematics, science, and history and social science. These grade-by-grade and course-based standards were developed over 14 months with revision teams including…

Virginia Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

76

Rocks of Roane County, West Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This winning entry in the museum's Young Naturalist Awards 1999 by Alison, a 14 year old student from West Virginia, takes a look at the geological history of the area around West Virginia's natural land bridge including the 10 different rocks she collected and studied.

77

Habitat Management for Birds of West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a synthesis of existing literature and survey data for West Virginia birds. The objectives of this report are to summarize available bird population data for major habitat types in West Virginia, to indicate how changes in habitat influence...

S. H. Anderson C. S. Robbins J. R. Partelow

1981-01-01

78

Telelearning for Extension Agents: The Virginia Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The creation of the Virginia Tech Teleport Facility and the installation of a nine-meter (diameter) C-Band satellite uplink antenna provided the initial impetus for the Virginia Cooperative Extension Service (VCES) to explore the use of satellite technology for information and program delivery. The $600,000 uplink became operational in September…

Murphy, William F., Jr.

79

40 CFR 81.435 - West Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false West Virginia. 81.435 Section 81.435 ...PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.435 West Virginia. Area name Acreage Public...

2009-07-01

80

40 CFR 81.435 - West Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false West Virginia. 81.435 Section 81.435 ...PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.435 West Virginia. Area name Acreage Public...

2013-07-01

81

40 CFR 81.435 - West Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false West Virginia. 81.435 Section 81.435 ...PURPOSES Identification of Mandatory Class I Federal Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.435 West Virginia. Area name Acreage Public...

2010-07-01

82

Virginia Tech's Innovative College Librarian Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program developed at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) libraries that moved librarians from the centralized main library to college departments that are not served by branch libraries. Topics include remote access capabilities; librarians' roles, including reference librarian, instructor, Web master,…

Seamans, Nancy H.; Metz, Paul

2002-01-01

83

Nursing and Health Care in Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data indicative of the status of nursing practice and nursing education in Virginia as of 1967 are presented in a report by the School of Hospital Administration of the Medical College of Virginia to the Governor's Committee on Nursing. The report discuss...

1968-01-01

84

Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Virginia, 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper profiles the student subgroup achievement and gap trends in Virginia for 2010. In grade 8 (the only grade in which subgroup trends were analyzed by achievement level), Virginia showed across-the-board gains--improvements in reading and math at the proficient-and-above and advanced levels for all racial/ethnic subgroups, low-income…

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

85

Coastal storm monitoring in Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Coastal communities in Virginia are prone to flooding, particularly during hurricanes, nor’easters, and other coastal low-pressure systems. These weather systems affect public safety, personal and public property, and valuable infrastructure, such as transportation, water and sewer, and electric-supply networks. Local emergency managers, utility operators, and the public are tasked with making difficult decisions regarding evacuations, road closures, and post-storm recovery efforts as a result of coastal flooding. In coastal Virginia these decisions often are made on the basis of anecdotal knowledge from past events or predictions based on data from monitoring sites located far away from the affected area that may not reflect local conditions. Preventing flood hazards, such as hurricane-induced storm surge, from becoming human disasters requires an understanding of the relative risks that flooding poses to specific communities. The risk to life and property can be very high if decisions about evacuations and road closures are made too late or not at all.

Wicklein, Shaun M.; Bennett, Mark R.

2014-01-01

86

West Virginia Archives and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The state government of West Virginia has crafted this site to help residents of the state and others learn more about the history and culture of this unique place. The site contains over seventeen areas chronicling state history, quizzes, and resources for teachers. The Highway Historical Markers area is quite a bit of fun, as it can be used to plan a scholarly road trip based around these markers that chronicle the "Lost Colony," the Huntington State Hospital, and historic Brickyard Bend. The Teachers Resources area includes website activities and in-class lesson plans, such as those related to John Brown, racial integration in the public schools, and the Civil War. Finally, the Audio/Video section of the site contains over 70 clips of events like the 1971 Buffalo Creek Disaster, John F. Kennedy's campaign through the state in 1960, and excerpts from the Archives and History Library's evening program.

2013-01-01

87

West Virginia Department of Commerce  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The West Virginia Department of Commerce works to promote the state as a destination for travel, business, and other commercial activities. This website provides access to information about the DepartmentâÂÂs ten separate agencies (such as energy and forestry) along with in-house publications, and thematic areas that cover natural resources, tax incentive programs, and more. The Business and Work Force area has great information on available industrial parks and business locations across the state, complete with an interactive map. Additionally, visitors can learn about transportation options in the state, including railroads, freeways, and barges. Visitors to this well-designed site should also not miss the Recent Publications, which include a state parks brochure, information about the Main Street program, and the DepartmentâÂÂs business magazine, Edge. Finally, perusing the Latest News area is a great way to stay abreast of important programs and initiatives throughout the state.

88

Remote sensing in West Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Low altitude black and white aerial photography is the prinicipal remote sensing tool for geologic investigations in West Virginia, although side looking radar and color infrared photography are also used. The first land use/cover map for the state was produced in color infrared and is being digitized. Linear features in Cabell and Wayne Counties, as revealed by LANDSAT, were evaluated to test the possible correlations with rock fractures and gas production from shales. A LANDSAT linear features map (1:250,000) was prepared for the entire state, also. Presently investigations are being made to understand karst and to predict areas that should not be used for development. Aerial photography and field mapping is being conducted to detect the location and causes of landslides.

Lessing, P.

1981-01-01

89

78 FR 19421 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation Conformity Regulations AGENCY...Plan (SIP) submitted by the Commonwealth of Virginia. This revision amends Virginia's transportation conformity requirements...

2013-04-01

90

76 FR 64823 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Transportation Conformity Regulations AGENCY...Plan (SIP) submitted by the Commonwealth of Virginia. This revision establishes Virginia's transportation conformity...

2011-10-19

91

Atmospheric Particulate Measurements in Norfolk, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Characterization of atmospheric particulates was conducted at a site near the center of Norfolk, Virginia. Air quality was measured in terms of atmospheric mass loading, particle size distribution, and particulate elemental composition for a period of 2 w...

R. W. Storey R. J. Sentell D. C. Woods J. R. Smith F. S. Harris

1975-01-01

92

77 FR 74908 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00051  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the Commonwealth of Virginia dated 12/07/2012. Incident: Tidal Surge, Rain and Wind from Hurricane Sandy. Incident Period: 10/28/2012. Effective Date: 12/07/2012. Physical Loan...

2012-12-18

93

Distribution of Phytoplankton in West Virginia Lakes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a data report presenting the species and abundance of phytoplankton in 4 lakes sampled by the National Eutrophication Survey in the state of West Virginia. Results from the calculation of several water quality indices are also included (Nygaard's ...

V. W. Lambou F. A. Morris M. K. Morris L. R. Williams W. D. Taylor

1977-01-01

94

76 FR 72020 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00039  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the Commonwealth of Virginia dated 11/14/2011. Incident: Tropical Storm Lee. Incident Period: 09/08/2011 Through 09/09/2011. Effective Date: 11/14/2011. Physical Loan Application...

2011-11-21

95

Rotunda, University of Virginia. Remodeling Portfolio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recently completed restoration of Thomas Jefferson's Rotunda at the University of Virginia is criticized as being the result of compromises and, consequently, an amalgam of its three previous designers. (Author/MLF)

Progressive Architecture, 1976

1976-01-01

96

77 FR 31486 - Virginia Regulatory Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Part...Regulatory Program AGENCY: Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM...Virginia regulatory program under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of...

2012-05-29

97

Drainage areas of the Twelvepole Creek basin, West Virginia; Big Sandy River basin, West Virginia; Tug Fork basin, Virginia, Kentucky, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drainage areas were determined for 61 basins in the Twelvepole Creek basin, West Virginia; 11 basins of the Big Sandy River Basin, West Virginia; and 210 basins in the Tug Fork basin of Virginia, Kentucky, and West Virginia. Most basins with areas greater than 5 square miles were included. Drainage areas were measured with electronic digitizing equipment, and supplementary measurements were made with a hand planimeter. Stream mileages were determined by measuring, with a graduated plastic strip, distances from the mouth of each stream to the measuring point on that stream. Mileages were reported to the nearest one-hundredth of a mile in all cases. The latitude and longitude of each measuring point was determined with electronic digitizing equipment and is reported to the nearest second. The information is listed in tabular form in downstream order. Measuring points for the basins are located in the tables by intersecting tributaries, by counties, by map quadrangles, or by latitude and longitude. (Woodard-USGS)

Wilson, M. W.

1979-01-01

98

Co-Rechting West Virginia's Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Judge Arthur Recht's ruling in "Pauley vs. Bailey" challenged the quality of public education in West Virginia and mandated a wide range of specific quality standards that have given rise to controversy among legislators, educators, and the public. (PGD)

Hazi, Helen M.

1985-01-01

99

The Geography of Slavery in Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Tom Costa on behalf of the University of Virginia, the Geography of Slavery in Virginia presents full transcriptions and images of over 4,000 runaway and captured ads for slaves and servants placed in Virginia newspapers from 1736 to 1790. Additionally, the project offers a number of documents related to slaves, servants, and slaveholders, including court records, other newspapers notices, slaveholder correspondence, and assorted literature about slavery and indentured servitude. Photos of advertisements for escaped slaves, often situated beside other ads describing missing livestock, offer a chilling reminder of a time when humans were considered property. Users of the site can browse the advertisements by month or by location, or use the full-text search. The Essays area contains a rather fine piece which places Virginia slavery into the context of the larger colonial America and Atlantic picture.

Costa, Tom.

100

Obsolescence Management for Virginia-Class Submarines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This case study describes how the Navy resolves technology obsolescence issues that directly affect the operational capability, safety, and reliability of almost every major electronics system on Virginia-class submarines. To date, the Navy has solved app...

2010-01-01

101

76 FR 40766 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00032  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative declaration of a disaster for the Commonwealth of Virginia dated 06/29/2011. Incident: Severe Storms and Tornadoes. Incident Period: 04/08/2011. Effective Date: 06/29/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date:...

2011-07-11

102

77 FR 27120 - Safety Zone; Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA in the Federal Register (76 FR 13519). We received one comment on the proposed rule...Atlantic Ocean in Virginia Beach, VA. In recent years, there have...Changes The Coast Guard did receive one comment in response to the...

2012-05-09

103

77 FR 13519 - Safety Zone; Virginia Beach Oceanfront Air Show, Atlantic Ocean, Virginia Beach, VA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ocean in Virginia Beach, VA. This action is necessary...2012-0095 using any one of the following methods...If we determine that one would aid this rulemaking, we will hold one at a time and place announced...Ocean in Virginia Beach, VA. In recent years,...

2012-03-07

104

Virginia Employers of 1992-1993 VCCS Graduates. Virginia Community College System Research Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine employment outcomes for graduates of the 1993-93 academic year, the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) undertook a study of outcomes by examining state unemployment insurance wage records. The analysis determined that for all 23 colleges in the system, 63.6% of graduates were employed by a Virginia business or industry at the…

McHewitt, Earl R.

105

Analysis of preparedness and recovery strategies for Virginia’s Transportation Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the commonwealth of Virginia, essential transportation functions such as traffic flow monitoring and incident management are remotely managed via traffic management centers (TMCs). TMCs provide the vital support for meeting the Virginia department of transportationpsilas (VDOTpsilas) goals of sustaining safe and efficient workforce mobility, commodity flow, and accessibility to critical service providers. VDOTpsilas ability to accomplish these goals may

Timothy Gagnon; Dong-Wook Kim; Michael Roseberry; Scott Tucker; J. Santos; Y. Haimes; K. Barker; B. Dickey; M. Orsi

2008-01-01

106

Grading Scales of Virginia High Schools and Admissions Action at Virginia Tech: A Research Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Descriptive statistics of grading scales used in 371 Virginia high schools are discussed in light of the admissions decisions at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. An analysis of the effect of grading scales on admissions decisions is presented. Nontraditional analysis is recommended as an alternative for interpreting the complex…

Carson, E. W.; And Others

1990-01-01

107

77 FR 63736 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Prevention of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Prevention of Significant Deterioration...approval of revisions to the West Virginia State Implementation Plan (SIP), submitted by the State of West Virginia through the West Virginia...

2012-10-17

108

DOLLY SODS WILDERNESS, WEST VIRGINIA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Coal, the principal mineral resource of the Dolly Sods Wilderness, West Virginia is in at least seven beds of low- to medium-volatile bituminous rank. Of these beds, four are of sufficient thickness, quality, and extent to contain demonstrated coal resources which are estimated to total about 15. 5 million short tons in areas of substantiated coal resource potential. A Small-scale development of the coal resources of the Dolly Sods Wilderness has been by several shallow adits which provided fuel for locomotives during early logging operations and by a one truck mine. All mine entries are now abandoned. Peat, shale, clay, and sandstone, occur in the area but because of remoteness of markets and inaccessability they are not classified as resources in this report. Natural gas may occur in rocks underlying the area, but because of a lack of subsurface information an estimate of resource potential has not been made. No evidence of metallic-mineral resources was found during this investigation.

Englund, Kenneth, J.; Hill, James, J.

1984-01-01

109

Energy Information Transfer in Virginia. A Planning Conference.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Virginia Planning Conference for Solar Technology Information Transfer was held in Richmond in February 1978 to elicit suggestions on how to make Virginians aware of libraries as sources of energy information and how Virginia libraries can keep their ...

P. Hickin

1978-01-01

110

Survey of Masonry and Concrete Arch Bridges in Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, older bridges being considered for upgrading or replacement must be evaluated for historic significance. The Virginia Transportation Research Council conducted a study of Virginia's pre-1932 masonry an...

A. B. Miller K. M. Clark M. C. Grimes

2000-01-01

111

Causal Factors for Intersection Crashes in Northern Virginia. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intersection crashes cost the nation more than $40 billion annually, account for more than one-fifth of all highway crash fatalities nationally, and totaled almost 75,000 in the Virginia Department of Transportation's (VDOT) Northern Virginia District for...

J. S. Miller N. J. Garber S. K. Korukonda

2010-01-01

112

Virginia coal industry: a study of utility markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virginia provides only 16-17% of the coal delivered to state utilities, two thirds of whom prefer West Virginia and Eastern Kentucky coal because Virginia's coal is tied to higher rail rates. A new statute to subsidize Virginia-mined coal purchased by state utilities could make a difference of 280,000 tons\\/year in 1987. That is only a fraction of the three million

W. R. Jr

1986-01-01

113

Virginia coal production: impacts and projections  

SciTech Connect

Virginia's coal sales have been largely for metallurgical (coking) applications. The met coal market is facing a serious decline. Those suppliers with long-term contracts believe they will not be affected unless force majeure (coercive power) is imposed. Long-term projections, based on a worldwide recovery of the steel industry and the changing technology and economics of steel making, suggest that future sales will be flat. Based on studies of market trade-preferences, evidence suggests that Australia will displace the Unted States as the leading exporter of met coal. The possible requirement that US coal-burning utilities reduce sulfur dioxide effluents may lead to met coal being burned in steam boilers as a measure to avoid installing the more costly flue-gas scrubbers. This requirement, if it becomes law, would improve sales prospects for the central Appalachian coal market. Coal slurries to replace fuel oil in commercial and utility boilers and clean fine coal for chemical feed stocks are other potential new markets totaling 200 million tons per year. In any event, the Virginia coal market is presently an erratic buyers market with more production capacity than demand, and a growing sensitivity to prices resulting from the unstable world economic situation. Our coal suppliers, because of rising mine, railroad, port, and shipping costs, now charge the highest worldwide delivery prices which will make Virginia a residual supplier and possibly vulnerable to more foreign imports. A coal slurry pipeline which will reduce the delivered cost of Virginia's coal and make it more competitive with eastern Kentucky and southern West Virginia coal, of similar quality, will assist the state in maintaining its market share as the market recovers. Although it will not increase the world-market share exported from Hampton Roads, it may increase Virginia's share of that market from 22.8% to 50%.

Hibbard, Jr, W R

1983-06-01

114

Outdoor water use and water conservation opportunities in Virginia Beach, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The amount of seasonal water use is important to the City of Virginia Beach because the primary source of this water is a fragile, shallow aquifer that is the only fresh groundwater source available within the city. Residents in the mostly rural southern half of Virginia Beach rely solely on this aquifer, not only for outdoor water uses but also for indoor domestic uses such as drinking and bathing. Groundwater that is close to the land surface in Virginia Beach is mostly fresh, whereas water 200 feet or more below the land surface is mostly saline and generally too salty to drink or use for irrigating lawns and gardens.

Eggleston, John R.

2010-01-01

115

75 FR 14207 - Virginia Electric and Power Company d/b/a/Dominion Virginia Power, and Old Dominion Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMISSION [Docket No. 52-017; NRC-2008-0149] Virginia Electric and Power Company d/b/a/Dominion Virginia Power, and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; Notice of Availability of the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for North...

2010-03-24

116

State Education Finance and Governance Profile: West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of West Virginia. West Virginia is the 41st largest state in the United States, with an area of 24,231 square miles. The total population of West Virginia in 2008 was 1,814,468, making it the 37th most populous state in the United States. Current expenditures per pupil are…

Orkodashvili, Mariam

2010-01-01

117

A Survey of Perceptions of the Virginia Tech Tragedy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent shootings at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Virginia Tech) shocked the nation and brought violence on college campuses to the forefront of the nation's attention. We surveyed college students and faculty/staff three weeks after the incident about their perceptions of the Virginia Tech shooting, subsequent media exposure, and school…

Fallahi, Carolyn R.; Austad, Carol Shaw; Fallon, Marianne; Leishman, Lisa

2009-01-01

118

Massanutten Mountain, Virginia, USA (Anaglyph)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Massanutten Mountain lies in the Shenandoah Valley of northern Virginia. Rock layers in the mountain are folded downward in an overall 'U' shape (called a syncline) which accounts for its peculiar double ridge shape with a highly elongated valley between. The ridges have formed because they are capped with a sandstone layer which is resistant to weathering and erosion. Limestones and shales are less resistant and form the lowlands and valleys. The north and south forks of the Shenandoah River flank Massanutten Mountain and display unusually pronounced meander patterns. Other layered sedimentary rocks form other ridgeline patterns in the Allegheny Mountains, to the upper left. But the igneous and metamorphic (crystalline) rocks of the Blue Ridge Mountains erode into a very different topographic pattern to the southeast. This small area provides an excellent example rock type, geologic structure, and fluvial (stream) processes all influencing landform development.

This anaglyph was produced by first shading a preliminary elevation model from data acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. The stereoscopic effect was then created by generating two differing perspectives, one for each eye. When viewed through special glasses, the result is a vertically exaggerated view of the Earth's surface in its full three dimensions. Anaglyph glasses cover the left eye with a red filter and cover the right eye with a blue filter.

Elevation data used in this image were acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on February 11, 2000. The mission used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between NASA, the National Imagery and Mapping Agency of the U.S. Department of Defense, and the German and Italian space agencies. It is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Earth Science Enterprise, Washington, DC.

Size: 49 x 37 kilometers (30 x 23 miles) Location: 38.8 deg. North lat., 78.5 deg. West lon. Orientation: North toward the top Image Data: Anaglyph of SRTM elevation model Date Acquired: February 2000

2003-01-01

119

Optimal Speed Limits for School Buses on Virginia Highways: A Report to Virginia's Superintendent of Public Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study to assess whether the school bus speed limit should be changed in Virginia is described in this report. The relationship between the safety characteristics of Virginia's three-tiered speed limit system and school bus operation is examined to determine the optimal level of safety for school bus travel. Virginia allows the following three…

Jernigan, Jack D.; Lynn, Cheryl W.

120

Virginia TIGER / Line Data Browser: Mapping Virginia Counties Using 1994 Version TIGER Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Virginia County Interactive Mapper (was the Virginia On-Line Atlas) makes customized maps of every Virginia county and independent city available on the World Wide Web. It is the first component of the Geographic Information Center's continuing Virginia Atlas Project Initiative. Users may customize maps by choosing features to be displayed, zooming in to a desired level of detail, and selecting appropriate formats to download data. Users may download maps in a common binary image file format (GIF) or as an ArcInfo interchange file, making the data available across platforms and accessible to users of MapInfo, Atlas GIS, and other popular GIS packages. Each map is generated "on the fly" after the user selects features to be displayed.

121

Flood of November 1985 in West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Rainfall in excess of 10 inches occurred during the first 5 days of November 1985, resulting in devastating flooding in the Mid-Atlantic states of West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. Throughout the area, many streams exceeded previously known flood heights and discharges and, in many cases, the recurrence interval of peak discharges exceeded 100 years. The peak stage and discharge for the maximum previously known flood and the November 1985 flood are compared. Flood hydrographs for selected locations also are presented.

Lescinsky, Joseph B.

1987-01-01

122

West Virginia U. Violated Procedures, Panel Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators at West Virginia University violated procedures and displayed poor judgment in their "seriously flawed" response to an inquiry about a high-profile academic transcript, according to a report issued last week by an independent panel. The harshly worded report found that when the "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette" raised questions last October…

Fain, Paul

2008-01-01

123

State Education Finance and Governance Profile: Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of Virginia. The state allocates K-12 education funds on a biennial basis. Supplements and rescissions to the original funding amount are made on an annual basis in order to correct for revenue growth or deficit. The state budget currently provides more than $5 billion to…

Smith, Matthew

2010-01-01

124

The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Project that has made many of its state library collections available via the Internet and World Wide Web. Highlights include digitization decisions; the HTML Web gateway; the online catalog; microfilm digitization; users and use statistics; and future projects. (LRW)

Roderick, Elizabeth; Taylor, Jean Marie; Byrd, Sam; Courson, Glenn

1997-01-01

125

Leadership Handbook: Virginia Community Colleges Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for members of the Virginia Community Colleges Association (VCCA), this handbook provides information on various aspects of the association's organization, activities, policies, and services. The handbook contains the association's 1988-89 annual report, which highlights activities related to professional development, member…

Creager, Cheryl W.

126

Segregation, Desegregation, and Higher Education in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatments of civil rights tend to pay little attention to higher education. Treatments of higher education generally fail to pay careful attention to the ways in which segregation worked, how it came under attack, and how the old restrictions finally fell. The story in the Upper South's Virginia was hardly identical to that in the Deep South's Mississippi or, for

Peter Wallenstein

127

West Virginia State Budgeting for Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

County school districts in West Virginia are facing a funding crisis. Significant outmigration resulting in decreased school enrollment has caused the state legislature to change the state school aid formula, forcing school districts to lay off large numbers of low-seniority employees. The state legislature's perception that public schools are…

Meckley, Richard

128

Capitalizing Microenterprise Funds: The Virginia Enterprise Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Virginia Enterprise Initiative (VEI) is a state program established with the objective to help fund 15 microenterprise loan programs beginning in 1995. An important aspect of the VEI program is the use of leverage. A relatively small amount of state funds is used to attract a much larger amount of funds available from the Federal government, commercial banks and

William Lewis Randolph

1997-01-01

129

Missing Chapters: West Virginia Women in History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine women whose lives have contributed to West Virginia history are profiled in these collected essays. These women have made significant contributions to history as: midwife, physician, journalist, photographer, educator, musician, civic activist, and social reformer. The stereotypical image of a powerless, barefooted, uneducated girl is proven…

West Virginia Women's Commission, Charleston.

130

Booker T. Washington: Rural West Virginia Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The biographical sketch focuses on the early teaching career of Booker T. Washington at Tinkersville School in his hometown of Malden, West Virginia, from 1876-1878. Recollections of Washington's own education in Sunday school, the Tinkersville School, and Hampton Institute are included. (NEC)

King, Althea M.

1985-01-01

131

76 FR 72994 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Assistance Only for the State of Virginia (FEMA- 4045-DR), dated 11/17/2011. Incident: Remnants of Tropical Storm Lee. Incident Period: 09/08/2011 through 09/09/2011. Effective Date: 11/17/2011. Physical Loan Application...

2011-11-28

132

Virginia Vocational Education Reporting System. User's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document explains how to complete the following forms that are part of the Vocational Education Reporting System (VERS) in Virginia: (1) Fall Report of Teachers (VERS 5); (2) Secondary Enrollment/Demographic Form (SEDF); (3) Adult Class Enrollment Form (VERS 6); and (4) Disadvantaged/Handicapped Student Identification Data Form (SIDF-D/H).…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

133

State Plan for Child Day Care [Virginia].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia's first state plan for child day care begins with 14 sections covering several aspects of child care. Section I reviews child care history and trends. Sections II, III, IV, and V argue, respectively, that child day care is important to government, business, families, and children. Elements of a comprehensive child day care delivery system…

Gravett, Marty; And Others

134

AHEC in West Virginia: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The area health education centers (AHEC) program was established in West Virginia in 1972 as a centralized consortium linking undergraduate and graduate medical and health professions training in Charleston. In 1987 the reorganized AHEC began developing rural community-based consortia that integrate rural primary care residencies with state-funded…

Nottingham, Lamont D.; Lewis, Michael, J.

2003-01-01

135

Insect fauna visiting carrion in Southwest Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successional patterns of insect fauna on pig carcasses were studied in southwest Virginia. The objective was to identify and qualitatively assess the major taxa of forensic importance in this region. Studies were conducted in spring and summer 2001 and 2002, and fall 2002. Over 50 taxa were collected and identified. Phormia regina was the dominant fly species in the spring

Kimberly L. Tabor; Richard D. Fell; Carlyle C. Brewster

2005-01-01

136

Insect fauna visiting carrion in Southwest Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successional patterns of insect fauna on pig carcasses were studied in southwest Virginia. The objective was to identify and qualitatively assess the major taxa of forensic importance in this region. Studies were conducted in spring and summer 2001 and 2002, and fall 2002. Over 50 taxa were collected and identified. Phormia regina was the dominant fly species in the spring

Kimberly L. Tabor; Richard D. Fell; Carlyle C. Brewster

137

Virginia: The State and Its Educational System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile of Virginia is presented, which assesses trends in the state's economy, population, and educational system. The state is characterized by a diverse economy, a well-educated suburban middle-class majority, a high level of individual and state wealth, and a high level of work force participation. Problems include rural poverty, lack of…

Hodgkinson, Harold L.

138

State Teacher Policy Yearbook, 2009. West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This West Virginia edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) 2009 "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the third annual look at state policies impacting the teaching profession. It is hoped that this report will help focus attention on areas where state policymakers can make changes that will have a positive impact on teacher…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2009

2009-01-01

139

KIDS COUNT in Virginia: 1997 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT data book examines statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is based on six general areas of children's well-being: (1) healthy births; (2) children's health; (3) school success; (4) risky behavior; (5) families; and (6) community well-being. Key indicators in these six areas include the…

Galano, Joseph; Nezlek, John B.; Wood, Lisa

140

Cultural Opportunities in the Commonwealth of Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In making a study of the cultural opportunities existing in the State of Virginia, the document considers culture not only in its artistic sense but in its sociological sense. It is concerned with whatever elements there are, or should be, that give a lif...

J. S. de Coligny

1969-01-01

141

Virginia KIDS COUNT Data Book, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book details statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is based on indicators of child well-being in five areas: healthy births, adolescent well-being, health and safety, education, and economic security. Specific indicators examined are: (1) births to single women; (2) early prenatal…

2003

142

Co-operation works in Virginia  

SciTech Connect

The author explains how the Southeastern Public Service Authority (SPSA) built a refused-derived fuel plant that is the centerpiece of the most complete solid waste disposal system in the United States. SPSA was able to solve two problems with one project: trash is disposed of and the Navy at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia has the energy it needs.

Masley, E.; Spleen, T.

1987-12-01

143

Virginia Tech: The Challenge of Assuring Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent events at Virginia Tech reinforce the idea that nothing is more fundamental for college leaders to address than campus security and safety. After the tears, the makeshift memorials, and the intensely painful series of funerals, higher education must come to grips with the fact that it has just had its own September 11. Assessing and…

Rikleen, Lauren Stiller

2007-01-01

144

Model Program: West Springfield High School, Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Springfield High School sits on the outskirts of Washington, D.C., in Fairfax County, Virginia. WSHS is home to a thriving and growing technology education program. In recent years, the program has exploded from less than 175 students to well over 425. These numbers are expected to continue to grow in the foreseeable future. In 2002, the…

Alukonis, J. T.; Settar, Scott

2008-01-01

145

Assessing the Leadership Culture at Virginia Tech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University undertook a comprehensive organizational development analysis to identify the cultural facilitators and barriers to change and the professional development needs of managers. The results suggested a comprehensive leadership development plan to create a climate for implementation of Total Quality…

Leffel, Linda G.; And Others

1991-01-01

146

Employee Career Development: The Virginia Tech Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The progress of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University's model of an Employee Career Development Program is reported. The program's roots and relationships are explored as well as the results of a cooperative effort between an employee relations/personnel office and a university counselor education program area. (Author/MLW)

McDaniels, Carl O.; Butt, Albin T.

1984-01-01

147

The Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia Library, this site contains three electronic text resources of interest to scholars and educators. The first and most important of these is a recently released collection of the first 49 volumes (1948-96) of the Society's Studies in Bibliography, "a virtual encyclopedia of scholarly work on the history of books and editing over the past 50 years." The volumes are offered individually and as a full-text searchable database. The second resource, Shakespearean Prompt-Books, is an eight-volume collection of studies of the stage texts used in various seventeenth-century performances of Shakespeare's plays; the plays are also available individually or as a searchable database. The third resource, Attributions of Authorship in the Gentleman's Magazine, 1731-1868, is a searchable database containing well over 5,000 attributions of authorship for this popular magazine. Additional resources at the site include information on the Society and related links.

Society., University O.

1997-01-01

148

Evaluating Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration Options for Virginia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Changes in forest and agricultural land management practices have the potential to increase carbon (C) storage by terrestrial systems, thus offsetting C emissions to the atmosphere from energy production. This study assesses that potential for three terrestrial management practices within the state of Virginia, USA: afforestation of marginal agricultural lands; afforestation of riparian agricultural lands; and changing tillage practices for row crops; each was evaluated on a statewide basis and for seven regions within the state. Lands eligible for each practice were identified, and the C storage potential of each practice on those lands was estimated through a modeling procedure that utilized land-resource characteristics represented in Geographic Information System databases. Marginal agricultural lands’ afforestation was found to have the greatest potential (1.4 Tg C yr-1, on average, over the first 20 years) if applied on all eligible lands, followed by riparian afforestation (0.2 Tg C yr-1 over 20 years) and tillage conversion (0.1 Tg C yr-1 over 14 years). The regions with the largest potentials are the Ridge and Valley of western Virginia (due to extensive areas of steep, shallow soils) and in the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain in eastern Virginia (wet soils). Although widespread and rapid implementation of the three modeled practices could be expected to offset only about 3.4% of Virginia’s energy-related CO2 emissions over the following 20 years (equivalent to about 8.5% of a Kyoto Treaty-based target), they could contribute to achievement of C-management goals if implemented along with other mitigation measures.

Galang, Jeffrey S.; Zipper, Carl E.; Prisley, Stephen P.; Galbraith, John M.; Donovan, Patricia F.

2007-02-01

149

View of Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky border area  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A vertical view of the Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky border area, as photographed from Earth orbit by one of the six lenses of the Itek-furnished S190-A Multispectral Photographic Facility Experiment aboard the Skylab space station. The long, narrow ridge is Pine Mountain; and it is crossed by U.S. 25E as it passes through the famed Cumberland Gap which at 1,600 feet elevation crosses Cumberland Mountain. Kingsport, Tennessee is located east of Cumberland Gap near the center of the picture. Interstate 81 under construction can be seen southeast of Kingsport. Bristol, Tennessee-Virginia is further east. Greenville and Elizabethton, Tennessee can also be seen in this photograph. The clouds across the southeast edge of the picture are over the Blue Ridge Mountains.

1973-01-01

150

The Library of Virginia: Confederate Disability Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (last discussed in the November 20, 1998 Scout Report) has added to their digital collections materials of interest to a variety of researchers in American or Virginia history. Now available are the Confederate Disability Applications and Receipts collection features over 24,000 images from applications by Civil War veterans for artificial limbs and other disability benefits. This recent addition consists of digitized documents placed in a database that is searchable by three options: word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each record, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the record. A generic TIFF viewer for Windows 3.11/95 may be downloaded for free at the site.

1999-01-01

151

The Virginia Tech OLYMPUS propagation experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Virginia Polytechnic Institute has been carrying out a comprehensive set of propagation measurements using the OLYMPUS satellite beacons at 12.5, 20, and 30 GHz since August 1990. Total power radiometers are also included in each terminal, and radiometer data are used both to set the absolute level of the beacon data and to predict path attenuation. Some results from the experiment set are presented.

Pratt, Tim; Stutzman, Warren

1992-01-01

152

76 FR 56861 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00038  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

This is a Notice of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-4024-DR), dated 09/03/2011. Incident: Hurricane Irene. Incident Period: 08/26/2011 through 08/28/2011. Effective Date: 09/03/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 11/02/2011. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date:...

2011-09-14

153

75 FR 9006 - Virginia Disaster #VA-00028  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

This is a Notice of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-1874-DR), dated 02/16/2010. Incident: Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm. Incident Period: 12/18/2009 through 12/20/2009. Effective Date: 02/16/2010. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 04/19/2010. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date:......

2010-02-26

154

Undergraduate robot design at West Virginia University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the options for students in mechanical engineering at West Virginia University is to participate in a 'robot design' course for their capstone design experience. For the past two years, the project has involved the construction of an autonomous mobile robot for entry in an international competition. This paper describes the design of the 1994-5 robot, reports on its status and offers observations on both the design and some of the pedagogical aspects of the class.

Banta, Larry E.

1995-12-01

155

40 CFR 81.234 - North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality...Control Regions § 81.234 North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The North Central West Virginia Intrastate...

2009-07-01

156

40 CFR 81.234 - North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality...Control Regions § 81.234 North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The North Central West Virginia Intrastate...

2010-07-01

157

30 CFR 948.15 - Approval of West Virginia regulatory program amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of West Virginia regulatory program amendments. 948.15 Section 948.15 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION...OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE WEST VIRGINIA § 948.15 Approval of West Virginia regulatory program...

2013-07-01

158

78 FR 16449 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Prevention of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Prevention of Significant Deterioration...revision submitted by the State of West Virginia on August 31, 2011. EPA is proposing...pollutant.'' Additionally, because West Virginia's August 31, 2011 SIP revision...

2013-03-15

159

30 CFR 946.15 - Approval of Virginia regulatory program amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Approval of Virginia regulatory program amendments. 946.15...SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE VIRGINIA § 946.15 Approval of Virginia regulatory program amendments. The...

2010-07-01

160

78 FR 63878 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revised Ambient Air...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revised Ambient Air Quality Standards...approve revisions to the Commonwealth of Virginia State Implementation Plan (SIP). The...State submittal are available at the Virginia Department of Environmental...

2013-10-25

161

30 CFR 946.15 - Approval of Virginia regulatory program amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Approval of Virginia regulatory program amendments. 946.15...SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE VIRGINIA § 946.15 Approval of Virginia regulatory program amendments. The...

2009-07-01

162

30 CFR 946.25 - Approval of Virginia abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Approval of Virginia abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments...SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE VIRGINIA § 946.25 Approval of Virginia abandoned mine land reclamation plan...

2009-07-01

163

30 CFR 946.25 - Approval of Virginia abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Approval of Virginia abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments...SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE VIRGINIA § 946.25 Approval of Virginia abandoned mine land reclamation plan...

2010-07-01

164

78 FR 68365 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Removal of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Removal of the Regulation for the National...final action to approve a revision to the Virginia State Implementation Plan (SIP). The revision removes Virginia's repealed regulation for the...

2013-11-14

165

77 FR 75380 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Permits for Major...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Permits for Major Stationary Sources...Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality...elements of the preconstruction program in Virginia to be combined into a single...

2012-12-20

166

78 FR 73882 - Notice of Determination of No Competitive Interest, Offshore Virginia  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Virginia AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Interior...Continental Shelf (OCS) Wind Energy Research Lease Offshore Virginia...Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Mines Minerals and Energy (DMME) to acquire an OCS...

2013-12-09

167

30 CFR 948.25 - Approval of West Virginia abandoned mine lands reclamation plan amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Approval of West Virginia abandoned mine lands reclamation plan...OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE WEST VIRGINIA § 948.25 Approval of West Virginia abandoned mine lands reclamation...

2009-07-01

168

77 FR 70204 - West Virginia; Disaster Number WV-00029  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Economic Injury Loans): Boone, Cabell, Clay, Greenbrier, Jackson, Lincoln, Mason, Mcdowell, Mercer, Mingo, Monroe, Pocahontas, Roane, Tyler, Webster, Wood Contiguous Counties: (Economic Injury Loans Only): West Virginia: Calhoun,...

2012-11-23

169

Environmental problems in the coastal and wetlands ecosystems of Virginia Beach, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Many of the city of Virginia Beach's beach stabilization and sewage disposal problems are the result of an inadequate understanding of the physical and biological systems. Influenced by population and economic pressures, natural systems were artificially stabilized by engineering projects that had to be constantly maintained. These same pressures continue to prevail today in spite of a new environmental awareness; changes are occurring very slowly. Furthermore, the lack of adequate sewage disposal facilities and the continued urbanization of inappropriate areas are threatening Virginia Beach's attractiveness as a resort area.

Buzzanell, Peter J.; McGinty, Herbert K., III

1975-01-01

170

Geologic map of the White Hall quadrangle, Frederick County, Virginia, and Berkeley County, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The White Hall 7.5-minute quadrangle is located within the Valley and Ridge province of northern Virginia and the eastern panhandle of West Virginia. The quadrangle is one of several being mapped to investigate the geologic framework and groundwater resources of Frederick County, Va., as well as other areas in the northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and West Virginia. All exposed bedrock outcrops are clastic and carbonate strata of Paleozoic age ranging from Middle Cambrian to Late Devonian. Surficial materials include unconsolidated alluvium, colluvium, and terrace deposits of Quaternary age, and local paleo-terrace deposits possibly of Tertiary age. The quadrangle lies across the northeast plunge of the Great North Mountain anticlinorium and includes several other regional folds. The North Mountain fault zone cuts through the eastern part of the quadrangle; it is a series of thrust faults generally oriented northeast-southwest that separate the Silurian and Devonian clastic rocks from the Cambrian and Ordovician carbonate rocks and shales. Karst development in the quadrangle occurs in all of the carbonate rocks. Springs occur mainly near or on faults. Sinkholes occur within all of the carbonate rock units, especially where the rocks have undergone locally intensified deformation through folding, faulting, or some combination.

Doctor, Daniel H.; Orndorff, Randall C.; Parker, Ronald A.; Weary, David J.; Repetski, John E.

2010-01-01

171

Well sample/borehole diagnostic methods for tight black shales: geochemical data - West Virginia. Final report, October 1985-August 1988. Data addendum  

SciTech Connect

The well-site geochemical technique for evaluation of Devonian-shale formations was developed to determine the presence of free gas and oil, identify potential hydrocarbon reservoirs, and locate relative changes in shale-matrix permeability over the entire drilled section. This Data Addendum volume contains the detailed geochemical data on the West Virginia study wells.

Curtis, J.B.

1988-08-01

172

Spatial and isotopic analysis of watershed soil loss and reservoir sediment accumulation rates in Lake Anna, Virginia, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soil erosion and associated sedimentation are a threat to the sustainable use of surface water resources through the loss\\u000a of volume storage capacity and conveyance of pollutants to receiving water bodies. The RUSLE2 empirical model and isotopic\\u000a sediment core analyses were used to evaluate watershed erosion and reservoir sediment accumulation rates for Lake Anna, in\\u000a Central Virginia. A sediment flux

Ben K. Odhiambo; Matthew C. Ricker

173

Developing Nationally Competitive NASA Research Capability in West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May, 1995 West Virginia EPSCOR was awarded $150,000 to support activities to develop research capabilities in West Virginia in support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). These funds were used to support three projects: (1) Inf...

F. J. Calzonetti

1997-01-01

174

Parents as Valued Customers: The Virginia Beach Parent Perception Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, the teachers in Virginia Beach City (Virginia) Public Schools surveyed parents' views concerning classroom practices as part of a client satisfaction project. Intended to increase parent involvement, gauge customer satisfaction, and guarantee continuous improvement, the survey found that comments about teacher efforts were overwhelmingly…

Faucette, Sidney L.; And Others

1994-01-01

175

1. Photocopy of map (from The Virginia Springs, and the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of map (from The Virginia Springs, and the Springs of the South and West by Moorman) No date 'MAP OF ROUTES AND DISTANCES TO THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS' - White Sulphur Springs, U.S. Route 60, White Sulphur Springs, Greenbrier County, WV

176

A Position Paper on the Proposed Virginia Integrated Library Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the spring of 1978, a Virginia State Library commissioned The Computer Company to conduct a feasibility study of the possibility of establishing a statewide library network for the Commonwealth of Virginia. In this report, the authors respond to that s...

G. B. McCabe

1979-01-01

177

Evaluation of Concrete Pavement Repair Using Precast Technology in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Virginia Transportation Research Council has recently evaluated the use of precast con- crete patches for repairing jointed concrete pavement in Virginia. Six patches were placed: three had dowels cast into them during fabrication, and three had dowels inserted in place (dowel bar retrofit). Fabrication and placement were documented. The load transfer efficiency at the joints and the ride quality

Shabbir Hossain; Celik Ozyildirim

178

Virginia Tech Weighs Hundreds of Recommendations and Acts on Some  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three reports on last April's shootings left Virginia Tech under a mountain of recommendations--roughly 400 in all. So far the university has dealt with some of the most significant ones. Virginia Tech established an emergency-notification system, created a team to assess at-risk students and employees, and hired additional police officers and…

Fischer, Karin

2008-01-01

179

Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: West Virginia, 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper profiles the student subgroup achievement and gap trends in West Virginia for 2010. West Virginia administered new assessments in 2009, so comparisons to earlier years could not be made for the sake of discerning trends in subgroup achievement and gaps. Data on student achievement from earlier years are presented. (Contains 9 tables.)…

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

180

West Virginia's Environmental Council: Birth of a Citizen Coalition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Virginia's strong environmental legislation is due to the efforts of the West Virginia Environmental Council. The history of the statewide coalition is presented, as well as organizational aspects that make the council successful, such as loose structure based on consensus, and respect for all the different shades of green comprising the…

Wimmer, Mary J.

1995-01-01

181

Regional Management Philosophy Variations within Virginia's Local Wetlands Management Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Virginia, local governments may establish wetlands boards to manage wetlands within their jurisdictions in accordance with general statewide standards. A survey of Virginia's local wetlands boards was conducted to assess the variation in management philosophies among boards. Both individual member philosophies and composite board philosophies indicate significant differences among some boards. The potential this creates for inconsistent decisions within

C. Hershner; N. Theberge

1986-01-01

182

Connecting the Dots: Lessons from the Virginia Tech Shootings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shootings that took place last spring on the campus of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, located in Blacksburg, Virginia, elicited a host of reactions, many deeply emotional. In groups of college and university presidents, the response was generally empathetic. Indeed, they were right to be put on alert by the random and…

Davies, Gordon K.

2008-01-01

183

Implementation of LANDSAT technology in the Commonwealth of Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A brief history of events which led to the formal implementation of LANDSAT technology in Virginia is outlined. The concept of the Commonwealth Data Base (CDB) is explained as it is perceived by the users and the systems development task force. Furthermore, the CDB organization which was established to implement the CDB concept in Virginia is covered.

Sahaydak, E.

1981-01-01

184

The Virginia partnership for nanotechnology education and workforce development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Virginia (UVA) has partnered with universities in Virginia for the sharing of graduate nanotechnology courses by distance learning technology. With the other schools, UVA has developed a four semester sequence of shared courses. The program provides students at the schools and at companies with access to a broader set of nanotechnology course offerings than previously available. The

J. F. Groves

2008-01-01

185

The University of Virginia Virtual Lab  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers various virtual laboratory experiences in electrical science and technology using 3D animations and interactive models. Topics covered range from basic electricity and magnetism to modern topics in semiconductor physics, microelectronics, and nanotechnology fabrication and instrumentation. The approach covers the material at a level that is understandable to high school and introductory undergraduates but covers all details, such as semiconductor structures and electronic device design, necessary for a complete understanding of the technology. Models are used to explain microscopic physical concepts. This project is supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the University of Virginia, IBM, and Discreet Corporation.

Bean, John

2006-07-05

186

Virginia Cooperative Extension: Publications and Educational Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

State extension programs are a great way for interested parties to learn about everything from community development to integrated pest management. These publications from the Virginia Cooperative Extension cover these topics, and dozens more. On the site, visitors can look over a table contents that divides the papers into such headings as "Agricultural and Applied Economics", "Food Science and Technology", and "Horticulture". Most of the papers are available in one or more formats, and along with more practical publications, there are a few that may inspire a new hobby or passion. Some of these include papers that help individuals learn about home-curing pork and how to correctly site a vineyard.

2008-11-21

187

Virginia agricultural health and safety survey.  

PubMed

This comprehensive study was conducted primarily to identify the common causes of agricultural injuries on active Virginia farms and to identify hazardous agricultural operations, exposure duration, and injuries associated with each hazardous operation. In addition, the influences of factors such as general health status of farmers, age, weight, and alcohol and tobacco use on injury were examined. This information will be used for the development of educational programs that will improve the safety of agricultural operations. The sample selected for the study included farms of 28 ha or more, operating on a full- or part-time basis. This stipulation was to ensure that all farms in the sample are active and that participants generated a major portion of their income from the farm. Of the 26,000 farms meeting this requirement, 1,650 were selected to participate in the study. A survey instrument was mailed to the farmers selected to collect the information needed for meeting the established objectives of the study. Approximately 19% of the surveys were returned. In terms of percentage injuries, livestock handling was the primary cause. This was followed by working in elevated locations, operating and repairing agricultural machinery, and heavy lifting. The activities carried out most frequently by the participants were: operating farm tractors, operating trucks/automobiles, using hand and power tools, and working with agricultural chemicals. The overall injury rate was 5.6 injuries per 100,000 h. The exposure to agricultural hazards appeared to have minimal or no effect on the health status of Virginia farmers. Farm workers in the 45 to 64 age group sustained the most injuries. Older, more experienced farmers reported fewer injuries because of limited exposure to hazards and work experience. The average age of Virginia farmers surveyed was 60. This is expected to rise because most respondents reported no plans to retire during the next five years. Based on the results, educational programs for improving the agricultural safety in Virginia should focus on aging farmers, hazardous agricultural activities, and weight control. PMID:19266883

Mariger, S C; Grisso, R D; Perumpral, J V; Sorenson, A W; Christensen, N K; Miller, R L

2009-01-01

188

Carbofuran affects wildlife on Virginia corn fields  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Forty-four Virginia corn fields on 11 farms were searched for evidence of dead or debilitated wildlife following in-furrow application of granular carbofuran (Furadan 15G) during April and May 1991. Evidence of pesticide poisoned wildlife, including dead animals, debilitated animals, feather spots, and fur spots was found on 33 fields on 10 farms. Carcasses of 61 birds, 4 mammals, and 1 reptile were recovered. Anticholinesterase poisoning was confirmed or suspected as the cause of most wildlife deaths based on the circumstances surrounding kills, necropsies of Carcasses, residue analyses, and brain ChE assays.

Stinson, E. R.; Hayes, L. E.; Bush, P. B.; White, D. H.

1994-01-01

189

Assessment of Contamination from Arsenical Pesticide Use on Orchards in the Great Valley region, Virginia and West Virginia, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lead arsenate pesticides were widely used in apple orchards from 1925 to 1955. Soils from historic orchards in four counties in Virginia and West Virginia contained elevated concentrations of As and Pb, consistent with an arsenical pesticide source. Arsenic concentrations in approximately 50% of the orchard site soils and approximately 1% of reference site soils exceed the USEPA Preliminary Remediation

Gilpin R. Robinson; Peter Larkins; Carol J. Boughton; Bradley W. Reed; Philip L. Sibrell

2007-01-01

190

Monitoring Radio Frequency Interference in Southwest Virginia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The radio signals received from astronomical objects are extremely weak. Because of this, radio sources are easily shrouded by interference from devices such as satellites and cell phone towers. Radio astronomy is very susceptible to this radio frequency interference (RFI). Possibly even worse than complete veiling, weaker interfering signals can contaminate the data collected by radio telescopes, possibly leading astronomers to mistaken interpretations. To help promote student awareness of the connection between radio astronomy and RFI, an inquiry-based science curriculum was developed to allow high school students to determine RFI levels in their communities. The Quiet Skies Project_the result of a collaboration between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO)_encourages students to collect and analyze RFI data and develop conclusions as a team. Because the project focuses on electromagnetic radiation, it is appropriate for physics, physical science, chemistry, or general science classes. My class-about 50 students from 15 southwest Virginia high schools-participated in the Quiet Skies Project and were pioneers in the use of the beta version of the Quiet Skies Detector (QSD), which is used to detect RFI. Students have been involved with the project since 2005 and have collected and shared data with NRAO. In analyzing the data they have noted some trends in RFI in Southwest Virginia.

Rapp, Steve

2010-01-01

191

Obituary: Jeannette Virginia Lincoln, 1915-2003  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

J. (Jeannette) Virginia Lincoln died on 1 August 2003 of natural causes at age 87. She was a pioneer in space weather forecasting and was instrumental in establishing the World Data Center-A for Solar-Terrestrial Physics (WDC-A for STP) at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). Lincoln received a U.S. Department of Commerce Gold Medal for Distinguished Service in 1973 for outstanding accomplishments and leadership. She was elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a Fellow of the Society of Women Engineers. A physicist, she served as Division Chief of the Solar-Terrestrial Physics Division (STPD) and Director of WDC-A for STP from 1966 until her retirement in 1980. Virginia was born on Labor Day, 7 September 1915, in Ames, Iowa, to Rush B. Lincoln and Jeannette Bartholomew Lincoln. Her father, Rush B. Lincoln (b. 1881, d. 1977 at age 95), served as a Major General in the U.S. Air Force. He was a direct descendant of the brother of President Abraham Lincoln. Her mother Jeannette Bartholomew Lincoln (d. 1986 at age 104) taught Chemistry at Iowa State University. Her brother, Rush B. Lincoln, Jr. (d. 2002), was five years older. Her grandfather Lincoln fought in the Civil War as a Confederate Captain. Virginia was immersed in military life and continued many contacts and visited military installations throughout her life. Her parents lived with her until their deaths. She enjoyed the perks of being a General's daughter, actively participating in her parent's lives, and served as caregiver in their declining years. Influenced by her Army background, she developed a strong assertive personality and good problem-solving capabilities. She received a bachelor's degree in physics from Wellesley College in 1936 and a master's degree from Iowa State University in 1938. She was an instructor in household equipment at Iowa State from 1936 to 1942. Electric appliances were new-fangled devices and people had to be educated in their use. In 1942, Virginia joined the U.S. National Bureau of Standards in Washington, DC, as a physicist in the Interservice Radio Propagation Laboratory (IRPL), working in ionospheric research. In 1946 the Central Radio Propagation Laboratory (CRPL) was formed to centralize research and provide predictions in the field of radio propagation, including investigating solar and geophysical effects and ionospheric data. In 1954 CRPL moved to Boulder, Colorado. Her first job was preparing monthly ionospheric prediction contour maps as a radio weather forecaster. The predictions were used in selecting frequencies for long distance communications. Alan H. Shapley, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, had contracts with solar observatories to obtain their data, and worked with Lincoln on forecasts. In 1949, Virginia helped create a statistical method for predicting sunspot activity that is still used today in forecasting solar storms that can disrupt radio communication on Earth. Taking on administrative responsibilities, Virginia was appointed Chief of Radio Warning Services in 1959, the first woman to head a section in the federal bureau. Also in 1959, Lincoln was the only woman in the official U.S. delegation of over 50 scientists to attend a meeting of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in the former Soviet Union. Using her Russian slides, Virginia gave many talks about the IGY to groups including the Chemical Society banquet, educational associations and women's service clubs. She was part of weekly meetings with Walt Roberts and the High Altitude Observatory (HAO) staff, discussing solar-terrestrial relationships. They developed auroral and cosmic ray indices for the Calendar Records (graphical display of indices and outstanding solar-terrestrial events each day) of the IGY. In 1966 she gave up forecasting work to devote time to data center work, serving as Director of the WDC-A for STP and the STP Division Chief for NOAA NGDC. She was passionate about the World D

Coffey, Helen E.

2004-12-01

192

Analyses and descriptions of geochemical samples, Mountain Lake Wilderness Study Area, Virginia and West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Semiquantitative emission spectrographic analyses for 64 elements on 95 stream sediment and 122 rock samples from Mountain Lake Wilderness Study Area, Giles and Craig Counties, Virginia and Monroe County, West Virginia, are reported here in detail. Locations for all samples are in Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) coordinates. Brief descriptions of rock samples are also included. Rocks analysed are mostly sandstone. Samples of hematitic sandstone of the Rose Hill Formation and limonite-cemented sandstone of the Rocky Gap Sandstone contain high values of iron; these rocks are submarginal iron resources. Some of these iron-rich samples have a little more barium, copper, cobalt, lead, silver, and/or zinc than in average sandstone, but they do not suggest the presence of economic deposits of these metals. A few samples of Tuscarora Quartzite contain moderate amounts of manganese. These are from a submarginal manganese resource. No other obviously anomalous-values related to mineralized rock are present in the data.

Mei, Leung; Fletcher, J. D.; Rait, Norma; Lesure, F. G.

1978-01-01

193

Latest Mississippian (Namurian A) nonmarine ostracodes from West Virginia and Virginia.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nonmarine ostracodes occur as partly exfoliated carapaces and internal molds at the base of the Bramwell Member of the Bluestone Formation, which represents the uppermost Mississippian (Namurian A), stratigraphic subdivision in West Virginia and Virginia. These specimens are important in that they permit the determination of a variety of adductor-muscle-attachment scars. The adductor-muscle-attachment scar patterns illustrated herein for the first time are the oldest recorded in North America for nonmarine ostracodes. The new family Carbonitidae and superfamily Carbonitacea are established on the basis of the pattern of adductor-muscle-attachment scars. The following nonmarine genera in this unit are illustrated in open nomenclature: Carbonita Strand, 1928; Whipplella? Holland, 1934; Gutschickia Scott, 1944; Pruvostina? Scott and Summerson, 1943; Darwinula Brady and Robertson, 1885; and two steinkerns of geisinid ostracodes, 'Pseudo-ornamentation' on molds is illustrated.-Author

Sohn, I. G.

1985-01-01

194

West Virginia Agricultural and Forestry Experimental Station Bulletins  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interested in livestock auction markets in West Virginia? How about interregional competition in the US broiler industry? This intriguing collection of experimental station bulletins from West Virginia University has got you covered. Visitors can browse this collection of over 200 items by date, bulletin number, and author. The homepage has a Basic Search feature that makes this quite easy and visitors can also store items of note in an online "bookbag" for later consideration. Some of the more recent publications include "Empirical analysis of income distribution in West Virginia" and "Occurrence, etiology and management of ringworm in ewes.âÂÂ

195

Unknown No Longer: Virginia Historical Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Persons with an interest in African American history in the United States often encounter incomplete records or limited access to databases. The Virginia Historical Society has done an excellent job of addressing this situation by creating this remarkable database of enslaved Virginians, drawing on their trove of unpublished documents. With support from the Dominion Foundation, this database brings together the names of these persons, along with any other pertinent information that may be associated with each name, such as their occupation or the names of other family members. Visitors to the site can browse the database by record type or location. Also, they can use the "Find A Record" area to look for listings by occupation, first or last name, or gender. The site is rounded out by a message board where users can post comments and questions for other users.

196

National Park Service Travel Itinerary: Richmond, Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Park Service's Heritage Education Services has created a number of educational and interesting travel itineraries for destinations around the United States. Here they invite you to explore Richmond, Virginia, but you don't have to actually travel to Richmond to enjoy the itinerary for this site as it provides a wealth of valuable information on this historically and architecturally rich city. The site includes four essays including "Antebellum Architecture in Richmond" and "Richmond's African American Heritage" which shouldn't be missed. In addition, they provide a list of sites all of which include brief histories and photos of various sites not to be missed in Richmond. Overall, the site provides an interesting look into the city of Richmond and may encourage a future visit to this capital city.

2008-01-01

197

Virginia Tech: Special Collections' Digitized Manuscripts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Local history, cookery, and the American Civil War come to life within this fine site created by the Digital Libraries Collection department at Virginia Tech. The site contains thirteen digitized manuscripts which provide insights into various facets of the state's history and life in the 19th and 20th centuries. The documents are divided into four sections, including "American Civil War", "Local History", and "Culinary History". The "Culinary History" area is quite rich, as it contains four very rare items that detail the personal cooking preferences of several women in the mid-19th century. The "Local History" area contains ledger books from a church in Christiansburg and guest signature books from two well-known resorts in Yellow Sulphur Springs and White Sulphur Springs. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of the papers of John Hilton, an English immigrant who served as a corporal in Company F of the Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War.

198

Smart structures research program at Virginia Tech  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A review of the smart structures and avionics research and teaching program that started in 1979 at Virginia Tech is described. Current smart structures research include major efforts in the development of embedded and attached optical fiber and acoustic fiber sensors for cure monitoring, in-service lifetime structural testing, nondestructive evaluation, and impact and damage detection and analysis; of gradual material degradation; sensor signal multiplexing, processing and data handling to achieve near real-time distributed structural analysis; and the integration of embedded sensors, actuators and control electronics to achieve controlled structural response. Special campus facilities used for this work include an optical fiber fabrication facility, an autoclave for composite structure fabrication and curing, and laboratories for optical fiber sensor development, materials response and nondestructive evaluation, structural control testing and computer engineering.

Claus, R. O.; Safaai-Jazi, A.; Bennett, K. D.; May, R. G.; Duncan, B. D.

1989-01-01

199

Insect fauna visiting carrion in Southwest Virginia.  

PubMed

Successional patterns of insect fauna on pig carcasses were studied in southwest Virginia. The objective was to identify and qualitatively assess the major taxa of forensic importance in this region. Studies were conducted in spring and summer 2001 and 2002, and fall 2002. Over 50 taxa were collected and identified. Phormia regina was the dominant fly species in the spring (>90%) and co-dominant with Phaenicia coeruleiviridis in the summer. Phaenicia sericata, Lucilia illustris, and Calliphora spp. were collected in spring and summer, but less frequently. Eleven species of Sarcophagidae also were collected with Sarcophaga utilis and Helicobia rapax the most common. In the fall, the dominant fly species were Calliphora vomitoria, L. illustris, and P. coeruleiviridis. The primary beetle species collected in spring and summer included three Staphylinidae (Creophilis maxillosus, Platydracus maculosus, and Aleochara lata) and three Silphidae (Oiceoptoma noveboracense, Necrodes surinamensis, and Necrophila americana). No beetles were collected in the fall. PMID:15837010

Tabor, Kimberly L; Fell, Richard D; Brewster, Carlyle C

2005-05-28

200

University of Virginia suborbital infrared sensing experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Orion sounding rocket launched from Wallops Flight Facility carried a University of Virginia payload to an altitude of 47 km and returned infrared measurements of the Earth's upper atmosphere and video images of the ocean. The payload launch was the result of a three-year undergraduate design project by a multi-disciplinary student group from the University of Virginia and James Madison University. As part of a new multi-year design course, undergraduate students designed, built, tested, and participated in the launch of a suborbital platform from which atmospheric remote sensors and other scientific experiments could operate. The first launch included a simplified atmospheric measurement system intended to demonstrate full system operation and remote sensing capabilities during suborbital flight. A thermoelectrically cooled HgCdTe infrared detector, with peak sensitivity at 10 micrometers , measured upwelling radiation and a small camera and VCR system, aligned with the infrared sensor, provided a ground reference. Additionally, a simple orientation sensor, consisting of three photodiodes, equipped with red, green, and blue light with dichroic filters, was tested. Temperature measurements of the upper atmosphere were successfully obtained during the flight. Video images were successfully recorded on-board the payload and proved a valuable tool in the data analysis process. The photodiode system, intended as a replacement for the camera and VCR system, functioned well, despite low signal amplification. This fully integrated and flight tested payload will serve as a platform for future atmospheric sensing experiments. It is currently being modified for a second suborbital flight that will incorporate a gas filter correlation radiometry (GFCR) instrument to measure the distribution of stratospheric methane and imaging capabilities to record the chlorophyll distribution in the Metompkin Bay as an indicator of pollution runoff.

Holland, Stephen; Nunnally, Clayton; Armstrong, Sarah; Laufer, Gabriel

2002-03-01

201

Foam fracturing of Upper Devonian Benson formation in central West Virginia  

SciTech Connect

Stimulation of the Upper Devonian Benson Formation of Central West Virginia has lead to the use of various types of treatments. This work is an investigation of one of the more recent techniques, Foam/Nitrogen Fracturing, as it compares to the conventional Water Frac methods. Methods of investigation include records kept of (1) volumes of water used for treatments, (2) cleanup and service rig time and efficiency (3) open flows from foam frac and water frac treated wells, an indication of the sand placement abilities. Conclusions based on open flow results indicate that lower volumes of water, quicker well clean-up, and improved sand placement are desirable for the Benson Formation. 2 refs.

Shea, C.; Bucher, D.H.

1982-01-01

202

One-Room Teaching Concept Revived at West Virginia U.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a beginning journalism course at West Virginia University in which fifteen juniors and seniors with high grade point averages take on the responsibility of working with beginning journalism students. (RB)

McCartney, Hunter P.

1975-01-01

203

Northern Virginia Community College: Geography and Geospatial Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, from Northern Virginia Community College, provides information about the school's geography and geospatial technology program. The certificate program, courses, events, faculty, facilities and more are covered on the site.

2011-09-09

204

Rock Magnetism and Paleomagnetism of Some Intrusions from Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A paleomagnetic study of some felsite and basic intrusions in Virginia revealed the presence of presumably stable magnetic directions of normal and reverse polarities in close agreement with the axis of the present geomagnetic field. Results of ore micros...

N. D. Opdyke R. Lovlie

1973-01-01

205

Analyses of Populations, Health, and Environmental Relations in Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An overview of human populations, environmental factors, and the ecology of health in Virginia is presented. Literature reviews, surveys, and analyses of existing data were incorporated in the study, the results of which included three computer programs a...

R. H. Giles

1973-01-01

206

Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: Virginia  

SciTech Connect

This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing on a county by county basis the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes, and industrial wastes of Virginia that are potential biomass energy sources.

Not Available

1988-11-01

207

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: Small)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

208

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: Medium)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: X Small, Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

209

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: Medium)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

210

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

211

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: X Small, Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

212

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

213

Comparison of Initiative during the 1864 Virginia Overland Campaign.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is an analysis of the competing initiative displayed between Generals Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee during Grant's 1864 Overland Campaign in Virginia. It begins with Lincoln's appointing Grant as Lieutenant General and General in Chief of ...

J. S. Shadburn

1991-01-01

214

Geologic map of the Winchester quadrangle, Frederick County, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Winchester 1:24,000-scale quadrangle is one of several quadrangles in Frederick County, Virginia being mapped by geologists from the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, VA with funding from the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program. This work is part of a project being lead by the U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Discipline, Virginia District, to investigate the geologic framework and groundwater resources of Frederick County as well as other areas in the northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and West Virginia. For more information about the Project see: http://geology.er.usgs.gov/eespteam/Karst/index.html for Geologic Discipline efforts and http://va.water.usgs.gov/va134/index.htm for Water Resources Discipline efforts.

Orndorff, Randall C.; Weary, David J.; Parker, Ronald A.

2003-01-01

215

Sylvan Typhus Group Rickettsiae in an Enzootic Focus in Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Serologic evidence had been obtained previously that established the existence of an enzootic Typhus Group rickettsial infection in all populations of the southern flying squirrel, (Glaucomys volans) in Maryland, Virginia and Florida. Six strains of Ricke...

D. E. Sonenshine G. F. Levy

1975-01-01

216

Health and Safety Plan, Woodbridge Research Facility, Woodbridge, Virginia. Addendum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is an addendum to the Final Health and Safety Plan for the Woodbridge Research Facility, Virginia, September 1993. Delivery Order Number DA0014 entitled Woodbridge Research Facility Biota Sampling, provides details and rationale for the envi...

K. McCreanor G. Barrett C. Long K. Janiga

1994-01-01

217

Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program: 2007 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Introduction; Operations; Targeted Species 2002-2007 ; Special Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) Tagging Projects ; Utilization of Results and Key Data ; How the Program Works - Training Experienced Anglers to Tag Select Target...

J. A. Lucy L. Gillingham

2008-01-01

218

National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Greensboro Quadrangle, North Carolina and Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Greensboro Quadrangle, North Carolina and Virginia, was evaluated to identify and delineate areas favorable for the occurrence of uranium deposits. General surface reconnaissance and geochemical sampling were carried out in all geologic environments w...

J. R. Dribus B. W. Hurley D. E. Lawton C. H. Lee

1982-01-01

219

Directory of Academic Library Instruction Programs in Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This directory of academic library instruction programs in Virginia reflects data compiled from 82 academic libraries that responded to a questionnaire sent out in August 1977. The institution libraries are listed with addresses, the name(s) of contact pe...

W. W. Prince

1977-01-01

220

Composition of Size-Fractionated Aerosol in Charleston, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Atmospheric aerosols were collected during a 21 day period in late summer of 1976 in Charleston, West Virginia, using five dichotomous virtual impactor samplers simultaneously. The resulting coarse and fine aerosol were analyzed with a variety of physical...

C. W. Lewis E. S. Macias

1979-01-01

221

Energy Control System Study for Fort Belvoir, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computerized analysis of the feasibility and cost of providing a central energy control system at Ft. Belvoir, Virginia is presented. Results include listing of buildings, initial installation costs, payback determinations, energy savings, dollar saving...

N. M. Demetroulis

1977-01-01

222

Economic Effects of Health Care Reform on Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates the impact of the 2010 health care reform law (the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act\\/Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act) on Virginia’s economy. Health care reform is a complex and multifaceted law that was enacted with the joint goals of improving health insurance coverage for U.S. residents, decreasing the costs of health care, and improving overall

Terance J. Rephann

2011-01-01

223

VIRGINIA-Class Submarine: Two for Four in 2012 (B)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The VIRGINIA-class submarine was one of the largest naval-acquisition projects in history, involving the construction of 30 submarines at an acquisition cost of $93 billion. By FY05, the VIRGINIA-class program was in its 10th year. Construction had begun on seven submarines. Unit costs were running 41% over the base-line budget, and production goals were not being met. Ship construction budget

Tom Cross

224

VIRGINIA-Class Submarine: Two for Four in 2012 (A)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The VIRGINIA-class submarine was one of the largest naval-acquisition projects in history, involving the construction of 30 submarines at an acquisition cost of $93 billion. By FY05, the VIRGINIA-class program was in its 10th year. Construction had begun on seven submarines. Unit costs were running 41% over the base-line budget, and production goals were not being met. Ship construction budget

Tom Cross

225

Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance Report Number TA-77-13, West Virginia University Medical Center, Morgantown, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request made by the Director of the Operating Room of the West Virginia University Medical Center School of Medicine, personnel of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) performed environmental evaluations to de...

S. W. Lenhart

1980-01-01

226

75 FR 2564 - Virginia Electric and Power Company D/B/A Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric and Power Company D/B/A Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; Combined License Application...Power (Dominion), acting on its own behalf and as agent for Old Dominion Electric Cooperative (ODEC), submitted to the...

2010-01-15

227

University of Virginia suborbital remote sensor array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Orion sounding rocket will be launched from Wallops Flight Facility and will carry a University of Virginia payload to an altitude of 65.7 km to measure the distribution of methane in the Earth"s upper atmosphere and record images and quantitative measurements of the distribution of chlorophyll in the Metompkin Inlet, Virginia. This new payload launch will be UVa"s second launch as a result of a five-year undergraduate design project by a multi-disciplinary student group. As part of a new multi-year design course, undergraduate students designed, built, tested, and will participate in the launch of a suborbital platform from which atmospheric remote sensors and other scientific experiments can operate. The first launch included a simplified atmospheric measurement system intended to demonstrate full system operation and remote sensing capabilities during suborbital flight. The second and upcoming launch includes a methane GFCR system intended for upper atmospheric measurements, a photodiode/camera system intended for the remote sensing of chlorophyll distribution and concentration in the Metompkin Inlet due to confined animal runoff pollution. Two thermoelectrically cooled HgCdTe infrared detectors, with peak sensitivity at 3 mm, were designed to measure the methane distribution in the upper atmosphere, by having infrared radiation filtered through a methane cell and a nitrogen reference cell. A small camera with a green band-pass filter will be aligned with five photodiodes, each covered by a narrow bandpass filter that matches the filters in the SeaWiFS system, to provide cross-referencing for the remote sensing of the chlorophyll in the Metompkin Inlet and to enhance the chlorophyll distribution. This payload will serve as a platform for future atmospheric sensing experiments. Currently, the GFCR has been tested and calibrated, the chlorophyll measurement system is being calibrated, and the components and mounts are being gathered, calibrated, tested and fabricated. In the next few months, the payload will be integrated and the data reduction models will be constructed.

Moored, Keith W.; Haden, Christina V.; Nunnally, William C.; Laufer, Gabriel

2003-04-01

228

Hydrogeology and Ground-Water Flow in the Opequon Creek Watershed area, Virginia and West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Due to increasing population and economic development in the northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and West Virginia, water availability has become a primary concern for water-resource managers in the region. To address these issues, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Services and the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection, developed a numerical steady-state simulation of ground-water flow for the 1,013-square-kilometer Opequon Creek watershed area. The model was based on data aggregated for several recently completed and ongoing USGS hydrogeologic investigations conducted in Jefferson, Berkeley, and Morgan Counties in West Virginia and Clarke, Frederick, and Warren Counties in Virginia. A previous detailed hydrogeologic assessment of the watershed area of Hopewell Run (tributary to the Opequon Creek), which includes the USGS Leetown Science Center in Jefferson County, West Virginia, provided key understanding of ground-water flow processes in the aquifer. The ground-water flow model developed for the Opequon Creek watershed area is a steady-state, three-layer representation of ground-water flow in the region. The primary objective of the simulation was to develop water budgets for average and drought hydrologic conditions. The simulation results can provide water managers with preliminary estimates on which water-resource decisions may be based. Results of the ground-water flow simulation of the Opequon Creek watershed area indicate that hydrogeologic concepts developed for the Hopewell Run watershed area can be extrapolated to the larger watershed model. Sensitivity analyses conducted as part of the current modeling effort and geographic information system analyses of spring location and yield reveal that thrust and cross-strike faults and low-permeability bedding, which provide structural and lithologic controls, respectively, on ground-water flow, must be incorporated into the model to develop a realistic simulation of ground-water flow in the larger Opequon Creek watershed area. In the model, recharge for average hydrologic conditions was 689 m3/d/km2 (cubic meters per day per square kilometer) over the entire Opequon Creek watershed area. Mean and median measured base flows at the streamflow-gaging station on the Opequon Creek near Martinsburg, West Virginia, were 604,384 and 349,907 m3/d (cubic meters per day), respectively. The simulated base flow of 432,834 m3/d fell between the mean and median measured stream base flows for the station. Simulated base-flow yields for subwatersheds during average conditions ranged from 0 to 2,643 m3/d/km2, and the median for the entire Opequon Creek watershed area was 557 m3/d/km2. A drought was simulated by reducing model recharge by 40 percent, a rate that approximates the recharge during the prolonged 16-month drought that affected the region from November 1998 to February 2000. Mean and median measured streamflows for the Opequon Creek watershed area at the Martinsburg, West Virginia, streamflow-gaging station during the 1999 drought were 341,098 and 216,551 m3/d, respectively. The simulated drought base flow at the station of 252,356 m3/d is within the range of flows measured during the 1999 drought. Recharge was 413 m3/d/km2 over the entire watershed during the simulated drought, and was 388 m3/d/km2 at the gaging station. Simulated base-flow yields for drought conditions ranged from 0 to 1,865 m3/d/km2 and averaged 327 m3/d/km2 over the entire Opequon Creek watershed. Water budgets developed from the simulation results indicate a substantial component of direct ground-water discharge to the Potomac River. This phenomenon had long been suspected but had not been quantified. During average conditions, approximately 564,176 m3/d of base flow discharges to the Potomac River. An additional 124,379 m3/d of ground water is also estimated to discharge directly to the Potomac River and rep

Kozar, Mark D.; Weary, David J.

2009-01-01

229

76 FR 69268 - Delegation of Authority to the State of West Virginia To Implement and Enforce Additional or...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Delegation of Authority to the State of West Virginia To Implement and Enforce Additional or Revised...SUMMARY: On August 29, 2011, EPA sent West Virginia a letter acknowledging that West Virginia's delegation of authority to implement...

2011-11-08

230

76 FR 28433 - Delegation of Authority to the State of West Virginia To Implement and Enforce Additional or...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Delegation of Authority to the State of West Virginia To Implement and Enforce Additional or Revised...SUMMARY: On January 5, 2011, EPA sent West Virginia a letter acknowledging that West Virginia's delegation of authority to implement...

2011-05-17

231

The Algebra Initiative Colloquium. Volume 2: Working Group Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents recommendations from four working groups at a conference on reform in algebra held in Leesburg, Virginia, December 9-12, 1993. Working Group 1: Creating an Appropriate Algebra Experience for All Grades K-12 Students produced the following papers: (1) "Report" (A. H. Schoenfeld); (2) "Five Questions About Algebra Reform (and a…

Lacampagne, Carole B., Ed.; And Others

232

University of Virginia infrared sensor experiment (UVIRSE)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A suite consisting of an infrared sensor, optical sensors and a video camera are prepared for launch by a group of students at University of Virginia (UVA) and James Madison University (JMU). The sensors are a first step in the development of a Gas Filter Correlation Radiometer (GFCR) that will detect stratospheric methane (CH4) when flown on sub-orbital sounding rockets and/or from the hypersonic X-34 reusable launch vehicle. The current payload has a threefold purpose: (a) to provide space heritage to a thermoelectrically cooled mercury cadmium telluride sensor, (b) to demonstrate methods for correlating the IR reading of the sensor with ground topography, and (c) to flight test all the payload components that will become part of the sub- orbital methane GFCR sensor. Once completed the system will serve as host to other undergraduate research design projects that require space environment, microgravity, or remote sensing capabilities. The payload components have been received and tested, and the supporting structure has been designed and built. Data from previous rocket flights was used to analyze the environmental strains placed on the experiment and components. Payload components are being integrated and tested as a system to ensure functionality in the flight environment. This includes thermal testing for individual components, vibration testing from individual components and overall payload, and load testing of the external structure. Launch is scheduled for Spring 2001.

Dawson, Jeffrey R.; Bell, Meredith A.; Powers, Michael C.; Laufer, Gabriel

2001-03-01

233

Committee studies proposed tight formations. [West Virginia  

SciTech Connect

Action has begun to qualify a major portion of West Virginia's unused fields as tight formation areas (TFA), which could mean a better price for natural gas produced from these formations. Fayette and Raleigh Counties have already been approved by the state and are currently before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. A decision is expected by June, 1981. A tight formation is a sedimentary layer of earth composed of fine and irregularly shaped grains of sand cemented together in such a way that the flow of gas or oil is greatly hindered. The low permeability of these formations usually requires enhancement methods to remove the minerals. Pertinent sections of the Federal Gas Act contain 3 guidelines for qualification as tight formations: estimated average permeability through the pay section of 0.1 md or less; a maximum production flow rate calculated by the depth of the formation; and oil production of not more than 5 bpd. Further, the well must have been spudded on or after July 16, 1979.

Wells, B.

1981-02-01

234

Workforce Development and West Virginia: The West Virginia University Approach. Presented to the West Virginia Legislature Joint Education Committee, September 14, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report highlights the services and programs for workforce development that are available through West Virginia University's (WVU) statewide network of schools, colleges, regional campuses, extension offices, and research units, but does not include four-year undergraduate or graduate programs. Specific sections address the following services,…

Hardesty, David C., Jr.

235

Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology  

SciTech Connect

This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)

Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H.; Williams, R. T.

1980-10-01

236

40 CFR 81.64 - Huntington (West Virginia)-Ashland (Kentucky)-Portsmouth-Ironton (Ohio) Interstate Air Quality...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Virginia)-Ashland (Kentucky)-Portsmouth-Ironton...Virginia)-Ashland (Kentucky)-Portsmouth-Ironton...delimited): In the State of Kentucky: Bath County, Boyd County, Bracken County, Carter County, Elliott...

2009-07-01

237

40 CFR 81.64 - Huntington (West Virginia)-Ashland (Kentucky)-Portsmouth-Ironton (Ohio) Interstate Air Quality...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Virginia)-Ashland (Kentucky)-Portsmouth-Ironton...Virginia)-Ashland (Kentucky)-Portsmouth-Ironton...delimited): In the State of Kentucky: Bath County, Boyd County, Bracken County, Carter County, Elliott...

2010-07-01

238

Hydrogeology and Water Quality of the Leetown Area, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey?s Leetown Science Center and the co-located U.S. Department of Agriculture?s National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture both depend on large volumes of cold clean ground water to support research operations at their facilities. Currently, ground-water demands are provided by three springs and two standby production wells used to augment supplies during periods of low spring flow. Future expansion of research operations at the Leetown Science Center is dependent on assessing the availability and quality of water to the facilities and in locating prospective sites for additional wells to augment existing water supplies. The hydrogeology of the Leetown area, West Virginia, is a structurally complex karst aquifer. Although the aquifer is a karst system, it is not typical of most highly cavernous karst systems, but is dominated by broad areas of fractured rock drained by a relatively small number of solution conduits. Characterization of the aquifer by use of fluorometric tracer tests, a common approach in most karst terranes, therefore only partly defines the hydrogeologic setting of the area. In order to fully assess the hydrogeology and water quality in the vicinity of Leetown, a multi-disciplinary approach that included both fractured rock and karst research components was needed. The U.S. Geological Survey developed this multi-disciplinary research effort to include geologic, hydrologic, geophysical, geographic, water-quality, and microbiological investigations in order to fully characterize the hydrogeology and water quality of the Leetown area, West Virginia. Detailed geologic and karst mapping provided the framework on which hydrologic investigations were based. Fracture trace and lineament analysis helped locate potential water-bearing fractures and guided installation of monitoring wells. Monitoring wells were drilled for borehole geophysical surveys, water-quality sampling, water-level measurements, and aquifer tests to characterize the quality of water and the hydraulic properties of the aquifer. Surface geophysical surveys provided a 3-dimensional view of bedrock resistivity in order to assess geologic and lithologic controls on ground-water flow. Borehole geophysical surveys were conducted in monitoring wells to assess the storage and movement of water in subsurface fractures. Numerous single-well, multi-well, and straddle packer aquifer tests and step-drawdown tests were conducted to define the hydraulic properties of the aquifer and to assess the role of bedrock fractures and solution conduits in the flow of ground water. Water samples collected from wells and springs were analyzed to assess the current quality of ground water and provide a baseline for future assessment. Microbiological sampling of wells for indicator bacteria and human and animal DNA provided an analysis of agricultural and suburban development impacts on ground-water quality. Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data were analyzed to develop digital elevation models (DEMs) for assessing sinkhole distribution, to provide elevation data for development of a ground-water flow model, and to assess the distribution of major fractures and faults in the Leetown area. The flow of ground water in the study area is controlled by lithology and geologic structure. Bedrock, especially low permeability units such as the shale Martinsburg Formation and the Conococheague Limestone, act as barriers to water flowing down gradient and across bedding. This retardation of cross-strike flow is especially pronounced in the Leetown area, where bedding typically dips at steep angles. Highly permeable fault and fracture zones that disrupt the rocks in cross-strike directions provide avenues through which ground water can flow laterally across or through strata of low primary permeability. Significant strike parallel thrust faults and cross-strike faults typically coincide with larger solution conduits and act as drains for the more

Kozar, Mark D.; McCoy, Kurt J.; Weary, David J.; Field, Malcolm S.; Pierce, Herbert A.; Schill, William Bane; Young, John A.

2008-01-01

239

Reflection imaging using RVSP processing of aftershock recordings from the August 23, 2011 central Virginia earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On August 23, 2011, a magnitude Mw 5.6 earthquake occurred in central Virginia and was felt over much of the eastern United States. This event, which had a NE-striking reverse faulting focal mechanism at a hypocentral depth of 6 km, occurred in the previously recognized "Central Virginia Seismic Zone". The likelihood of numerous small and several moderate-sized aftershocks motivated the rapid post-seismic deployment of a high-density seismic array by a team of scientists from Cornell University, Virginia Tech and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Traditional earthquake aftershock deployments consist of a few tens of instruments at nominal distances that are in the order of kilometers. The Aftershock Imaging with Dense Arrays (AIDA) experiment in Virginia represents a prototype effort to field a deployment with hundreds of seismographs at sub-kilometer spacing (?x ~ 200 m) using technology currently available (Reftek RT125A) from the EarthScope Flexible Array. One of the major expectations associated with such dense arrays was the potential for high resolution imaging of the hypocentral region using direct (refracted) and reflected seismic waves from the aftershock sources. Here we report our efforts to image reflective structures using techniques associated with Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP). VSP is usually associated with recording of surface sources by instruments deployed down a borehole seismic survey or surface recording of sources within the borehole (Reverse VSP). The geometry of VSP surveys (i.e. reverse or regular) often provides better resolution than conventional surface seismic surveys because of the shorter ray paths involved (thus less attenuation) as well more definitive ties to geology encountered in the borehole. The aftershocks of the VA event can be treated as sources in a reverse VSP geometry since they span a range of depths in a relatively small area. We have imaged structure in the hypocentral region by applying VSP processing algorithms such as VSPnmo, VSP-to-CRP mapping, CRP stacking and VSP migration to intra-crustal reflection phases (PzP) from the numerous aftershocks. The result is a 3D image of crustal reflectivity in a volume surrounding the hypocentral zone. Conventional RVSP analysis depends critically upon having accurate hypocentral locations such has those provided by dense arrays. However, seismic interferometry techniques offer promise for removing the ambiguities associated with source time/location errors. Our experience with the AIDA datasets points out the importance of true 3D recording geometries to take full advantage of the aftershocks, especially using seismic interferometry.

Quiros, D. A.; Brown, L. D.; Davenport, K.; Han, L.; Hole, J. A.; Chapman, M. C.; Mooney, W. D.; Cabolova, A.

2012-12-01

240

78 FR 28830 - Virginia Electric and Power Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on the Roanoke River, on the Virginia-North Carolina border, in Brunswick and Mecklenburg counties, Virginia, and in Halifax, Northampton, and Warren counties, North Carolina. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C...

2013-05-16

241

78 FR 34915 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revision to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Plans; Virginia; Revision to the Classification and Implementation of the 2008 Ozone...approving these revisions to include the classification of Northern Virginia as ``marginal...of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All...

2013-06-11

242

Winter Home Range and Habitat Use of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We radio-tracked two male and one female Virginia northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) in the Allegheny Mountains of West Virginia at Snowshoe Mountain Resort, in winter 2003 and Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge in winter 2004, resp...

J. M. Menzel K. K. Sturm K. N. Mertz W. M. Ford

2007-01-01

243

78 FR 16529 - Notice of Determination of No Competitive Interest, Offshore Virginia  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Ocean Energy Management [Docket No. BOEM-2013-00...Virginia AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), Interior...Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) to acquire an OCS...

2013-03-15

244

77 FR 44205 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Removal of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requirements From the Regulation for the Control of Motor Vehicle Emissions in Northern...Virginia. This revision removes four internal State administrative requirements...Virginia SIP regulations for the control of motor vehicle emissions in...

2012-07-27

245

40 CFR 282.98 - West Virginia State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false West Virginia State-Administered Program. 282...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) APPROVED...STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State Programs § 282.98 West Virginia State-Administered Program....

2013-07-01

246

Land use statistics for West Virginia, Part I  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey and the United States Geological Survey have completed a cooperative program to provide land-use and land-cover maps and data for the State. This program begins to satisfy a longstanding need for a consistent level of detail, standardization in categorization, and scale of compilation for land-use and land-cover maps and data. The statistical information contained in this Bulletin provides land-use acreage tabulations for the first 20 counties that have been completed. Statistics are being compiled for the remaining counties and will be published shortly. This information has been derived from the recently completed Land-Use Map of West Virginia (on open file at the West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey - Environmental Section). In addition to land-use acreage, we have also included land-use percent. All statistics throughout this Bulletin are in the same format for ease of comparison.

Erwin, Robert B.; West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey; U.S. Geological Survey

1979-01-01

247

The Library of Virginia: School Buildings Service Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (last discussed in the November 20, 1998 Scout Report) has added to their digital collections materials of interest to a variety of researchers in American or Virginia history. Now available are 3100 photos from hundreds of elementary and secondary school buildings across Virginia, taken between 1920 and 1970. This recent addition consists of digitized documents placed in a database that is searchable by three options: word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each record, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the record. A generic TIFF viewer for Windows 3.11/95 may be downloaded for free at the site.

1999-01-01

248

The Library of Virginia: Henley Marriage and Obituary Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (last discussed in the November 20, 1998 Scout Report) has added to their digital collections materials of interest to a variety of researchers in American or Virginia history. Now available is a collection that represents the retirement project of reference librarian Bernard J. Henley, who examined over 150 Virginia newspapers and compiled "more than 45,000 marriage and obituary entries published between 1780 and 1876, with special emphasis on the years 1780 to 1830." All of these recent additions basically consist of digitized documents placed in a database that is searchable by three options: word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each record, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the record. A generic TIFF viewer for Windows 3.11/95 may be downloaded for free at the site.

1999-01-01

249

The Quarterly: A Newsletter to Update Resources for Teaching Virginia Government, Vol. III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter has been designed to update and supplement the curriculum guide "Resources for Teaching Virginia Government." Issue 1 features "Campaigning on the Tube" (J. Babb), an articles that teaches about television's role in promoting political events and candidates in Virginia. "...Demagogues, Pedagogues, Gogmagogs, Brobdignags... Virginia

The Quarterly, 1988

1988-01-01

250

Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, this report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic characteristics for the Virginia public high school class of 2008. College enrollment is an issue of national concern. And many states, including Virginia, use…

Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

2011-01-01

251

7 CFR 51.2754 - U.S. No. 2 Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false U.S. No. 2 Virginia. 51.2754 Section 51.2754 Agriculture... United States Standards for Shelled Virginia Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2754 U.S. No. 2 Virginia. âU.S. No. 2 Virginiaâ...

2009-01-01

252

7 CFR 51.2750 - U.S. Extra Large Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false U.S. Extra Large Virginia. 51.2750 Section 51.2750 Agriculture... United States Standards for Shelled Virginia Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2750 U.S. Extra Large Virginia. âU.S. Extra Large...

2009-01-01

253

VA State Profile. Virginia: Standards of Learning (SOL) End-of-Course Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides information about Virginia's Standards of Learning (SOL) End-of-Course Exams. The purpose of the end-of-course assessments is to measure the achievement of students on the Standards of Learning adopted by the Virginia Board of Education for specific high school courses, and to ensure that students graduating from Virginia

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

254

7 CFR 51.2754 - U.S. No. 2 Virginia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false U.S. No. 2 Virginia. 51.2754 Section 51.2754 Agriculture... United States Standards for Shelled Virginia Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2754 U.S. No. 2 Virginia. âU.S. No. 2 Virginiaâ...

2010-01-01

255

They've Dreamed about Becoming Teachers: The Virginia Community College Career Switcher Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) is recreating America's community colleges through a partnership with the Virginia Department of Education (VA DOE). VCCS is doing this as a provider of a fast-track teacher-licensure program designed to increase the supply of teachers in some of Virginia's critical-shortage…

Weiner, Wendy; Newtzie, Karen C.

2006-01-01

256

Political Life in Eighteenth-Century Virginia. Essays from Colonial Williamsburg. The Foundations of America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the history of the Virginia colony from the early 18th century to the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Virginia, the oldest and most prosperous of Great Britain's North American colonies, assumed a leading role in the political life of the colonies. Some in 17th century Virginia had seen political…

Greene, Jack P.

257

No Need To Study for Your Social Class--Education and Gender in West Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Virginia's philosophy toward equality of opportunity differed from that of southern states. Gender roles in West Virginia were unique to Scottish and Irish settlers; men were warriors and women did such heavy work as clearing fields, slaughtering, and cutting forests. Early settlers in other southern states such as Virginia were from southern…

Weaver, Susan J. Marnell

258

76 FR 29686 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Permits for Major...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of nitrogen oxides (NO X ) as a precursor to ozone in the Virginia SIP that governs...Virginia SIP for including NO X as a precursor to ozone for permits of major stationary...would approve regulating NO X as a precursor to ozone in Virginia's SIP in...

2011-05-23

259

Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn. Teaching with Historic Places.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "University of Virginia Historic District," and other primary and secondary materials about Thomas Jefferson and the ctreation of the University of Virginia. Thomas Jefferson did not begin the effort of designing the University of Virginia (Charlottesville) until…

Hughes, Mary; Wilson, Sara

260

Conceptual hydrogeologic framework of the shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The hydrogeologic framework of the shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach was revised to provide a better understanding of the distribution of fresh ground water, its potential use, and its susceptibility to contamination. The revised conceptual framework is based primarily on analyses of continuous cores and downhole geophysical logs collected at 7 sites to depths of approximately 200 ft.The shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach is composed of the Columbia aquifer, the Yorktown confining unit, and the Yorktown-East-over aquifer. The shallow aquifer system is separated from deeper units by the continuous St. Marys confining unit.The Columbia aquifer is defined as the predominantly sandy surficial deposits above the Yorktown confining unit. The Yorktown confining unit is composed of a series of very fine sandy to silty clay units of various colors at or near the top of the Yorktown Formation. The Yorktown confining unit varies in thickness and in composition, but on a regional scale is a leaky confining unit. The Yorktown-Eastover aquifer is defined as the predominantly sandy deposits of the Yorktown Formation and the upper part of the Eastover Formation above the confining clays of the St. Marys Formation. The limited areal extent of highly permeable deposits containing freshwater in the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer precludes the installation of highly productive freshwater wells over most of the city. Some deposits of biofragmental sand or shell hashes in the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer can support high-capacity wells.A water sample was collected from each of 10 wells installed at 5 of the 7 core sites to determine the basic chemistry of the aquifer system. One shallow well and one deep well was installed at each site. Concentrations of chloride were higher in the water from the deeper well at each site. Concentrations of dissolved iron in all of the water samples were higher than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Secondary Drinking Water Regulations. Concentrations of manganese and chloride were higher than the Secondary Drinking Water Regulations in samples from some wells.In the humid climate of Virginia Beach, the periodic recharge of freshwater through the sand units of the shallow aquifer system occurs often enough to create a dynamic equilibrium whereby freshwater flows continually down and away from the center of the ridges to mix with and sweep brackish water and saltwater back toward the tidal rivers, bays, salt marshes, and the Atlantic Ocean.The aquifers and confining units of the shallow aquifer system at Virginia Beach are heterogeneous, discontinuous, and without exact marker beds, which makes correlations in the study area difficult. Investigations using well cuttings, spot cores, or split-spoon samples with geophysical logs are not as definitive as continuous cores for determining or correlating hydrogeologic units. Future investigations of the shallow aquifer system would benefit by collecting continuous cores.

Smith, Barry S.; Harlow, George E., Jr.

2002-01-01

261

U.S. Geological Survey - Water Resources of Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users can access information on Virginia water resources, including real-time streamflow and ground water data, water quality data, and water use data. Interactive streamflow and groundwater level maps allow the user to locate recent data on stream discharge, gage height,and water level. Annual surface water and ground water reports are available from 1995. Other materials include information on the Chesapeake Bay river input monitoring program, links to U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) publications and information on USGS projects in Virginia; and links to USGS outreach and educational resources. Weather information is also available.

262

The Virginia pharmacy practice transformation conference: outcomes and next steps.  

PubMed

Thought leaders in Virginia came together to achieve consensus on the pharmacy practice innovations required to advance the medication-related health outcomes of patients in the Commonwealth. The participants identified key elements and strategies needed for practice transformation and these became the foundation for practice change. The primary key elements included legislation and regulation modifications, payment reform, and business model development. The Virginia Pharmacy Congress, which represents key pharmacy stakeholders in the Commonwealth, became the home for the transformation movement and the development and implementation of a unified action plan for achieving the envisioned practice transformation. PMID:22499742

Silvester, Janet A

2012-04-01

263

High-pressure mechanical and sonic properties of a Devonian shale from West Virginia  

SciTech Connect

Static mechanical properties and sonic velocities were determined on each of four members of the Devonian shale from Columbia Gas Transmission's well 20403, Huntington, West Virginia. They were: Pressure - volume data to 4.0 GPa; Compressive strength at confining pressures up to 300 MPa, both parallel and perpendicular to bedding. Extensile strength at 100 to 700 MPa confining pressure, both parallel and perpendicular to bedding. Loading and unloading path in uniaxial strain at 20 to 500 MPa confining pressure, both parallel and perpendicular to bedding. Tensile strength at ambient pressure, parallel and perpendicular to bedding. Shear and compressional wave velocities at confining pressures up to 1000 MPa parallel, at 45/sup 0/, and perpendicular to bedding. Results are presented and discussed. 32 refs., 10 figs., 10 tabs.

Heard, H.C.; Lin, W.

1986-01-01

264

75 FR 2895 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00027  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-1862-DR), dated 12/09/2009. Incident: Severe Storms and Flooding Associated with Tropical Depression Ida and a Nor'easter. Incident Period: 11/11/2009 through 11/16/2009. Effective Date: 01/07/2010....

2010-01-19

265

Two Schools of Thought on Leadership Mesh in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the typical university campus, the notion of a business school collaborating in fundamental ways with a school of education is somewhat akin to an unnatural act. Leaders in K-12 education often bristle at the idea of incorporating best business practices into their field. Nevertheless, the authors' experience at University of Virginia is…

Buntrock, LeAnn M.; Fairchild, Tierney T.; Sayeski, Benjamin T.

2005-01-01

266

Automated Water Chemistry Control at University of Virginia Pools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the technologically advanced aquatic and fitness center at the University of Virginia. Discusses the imprecise water chemistry control at the former facility and its intensive monitoring requirements. Details the new chemistry control standards initiated in the new center, which ensure constant chlorine and pH levels. (RJM)

Krone, Dan

1997-01-01

267

Report on Virginia Tech Shootings Urges Clarification of Privacy Laws  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators, mental-health officials, and law-enforcement officers often do not share information about troubled students because they are confused by what they can disclose under complex and overlapping privacy laws, according to a report on the Virginia Tech shootings. Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales and two other Bush cabinet secretaries…

Fischer, Karin

2007-01-01

268

Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook. Standards, Criteria and Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines and technical standards for development of local erosion and sediment control programs and conservation standards to meet the goals established by the Virginia Erosion and Sediment Control law are presented in this handbook. Part I defines natural and manmade erosion, sedimentation, and the hazards of uncontrolled wear and damage to the…

Virginia State Soil and Water Conservation Commission, Richmond, VA.

269

Workforce Improvement Network 2000 Survey of Virginia Employers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A stratified random sample of Virginia's 4,000 employers with over 100 employees was surveyed about workplace-based foundational basic skills (oral and written communication, reading, math, thinking skills, teamwork, English proficiency, and basic computer literacy). A total of 446 surveys were sent with a usable response rate of 18 percent.…

Foucar-Szocki, Diane; Bolt, Les

270

Technically recoverable Devonian shale gas in West Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report evaluates the natural gas potential of the Devonian Age shales of West Virginia. For this, the study: (1) compiles the latest geological and reservoir data to establish the gas in-place; (2) analyzes and models the dominant gas production mechanisms; and (3) examines alternative well stimulation and production strategies for most efficiently recovering the in-place gas. The major findings

V. A. Kuuskraa; D. E. Wicks

1984-01-01

271

The Development of Bibliographic Center in the West Virginia Region.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This, the third and final report on an experiment in bibliographic centralization and cooperation, is a summary of results achieved in a three-and-a-half year period. The project was supported by West Virginia University and the National Science Foundatio...

L. C. Boger

1966-01-01

272

Score One for Training at West Virginia University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the human resources department at West Virginia University. Discusses the training needs assessment project, formation of an advisory committee, targets for training, budget restrictions, department faculty and staff, faculty attitudes about the program, training sites, use of video-based simulation, and how the program is currently…

Feuer, Dale

1985-01-01

273

Programmed Instruction is Alive and Well in West Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mechanics courses at West Virginia University are taught exclusively from programed instructional materials. Presents: (1) descriptions of these courses; (2) data indicating higher achievement by students participating in programed courses compared to students in courses using the lecture method; and (3) reasons for the success of the courses. (DH)

Plants, Helen L.; Venable, Wallace S.

1985-01-01

274

78 FR 55770 - West Virginia Disaster #WV-00032  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of West Virginia dated 08/29/2013. Incident: Severe Storms and Heavy Rain. Incident Period: 06/12/2013 through 06/19/2013. Effective Date: 08/29/2013. Physical Loan Application...

2013-09-11

275

The Differential Effects of Preschool: Evidence from Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the differential and persistent effects of a state-funded pre-K program, the Virginia Preschool Initiative (VPI). We analyzed data from a cohort of over 60,000 students nested in approximately 1000 schools from the beginning of kindergarten to the end of first grade using two-level hierarchical logistic regression models.…

Huang, Francis L.; Invernizzi, Marcia A.; Drake, E. Allison

2012-01-01

276

Middle School Students' Perceived Access to Cigarettes in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine correlates of perceived access to cigarettes at home, school, and the store among youth. Methods: Virginia middle school youth were surveyed before beginning tobacco prevention programs. Multivariate analyses examined household smoking, peer smoking, and perceived community tobacco use for their relationship to perceived…

Speizer, Ilene S.; Bean, Melanie K.; Obando, Patricia; Fries, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

277

'Fishing' for Alternatives to Mountaintop Mining in Southern West Virginia  

EPA Science Inventory

Mountaintop removal mining (MTR) is a major industry in southern West Virginia with many detrimental effects for small to mid-sized streams, and interest in alternative, sustainable industries is on the rise. As a first step in a larger effort to assess the value of sport fisheri...

278

DAILY STREAMFLOW - VIRGINIA PORTION OF THE ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO ESTUARY  

EPA Science Inventory

Daily mean discharge data from the U.S. Geological Survey (http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis-w/VA) for gaging stations within the Virginia portion of the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary watershed. Record dates vary by gaging station. Data for each station are located in a text file named ...

279

PEAK STREAMFLOW - VIRGINIA PORTION OF THE ALBEMARLE-PAMLICO ESTUARY  

EPA Science Inventory

Peak discharge data from the U.S. Geological Survey (http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis-w/VA) for gaging stations within the Virginia portion of the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary watershed. Record dates vary by gaging station. Data for each station are located in a text file named by sta...

280

TROPHIC DYNAMICS OF STRIPED BASS IN SMITH MOUNTAIN LAKE, VIRGINIA  

EPA Science Inventory

We examined the adequacy of the forage base to meet demand of striped bass in Smith Mountain Lake, Virginia. In regards to prey supply, mean alewife biomass from 1993-1998 was 37 kg/ha and mean gizzard shad biomass from 1990-1997 was 112 kg/ha. Mean annual alewife surplus produ...

281

West Virginia Early Childhood Transition Initiative: Operation Tadpole. 1995 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The West Virginia Early Childhood Transition Initiative is an interagency systems change effort started in 1993 to develop a seamless system of service for children, ages birth to 5 years. The initiative's training and technical assistance component is known as Operation Tadpole. A state level steering committee coordinates the initiative on an…

West Virginia State Dept. of Education, Charleston. Office of Special Education Programs and Assurances.

282

Invest in Virginia's Future...Prevent Developmental Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the priorities of Action for Prevention, Inc. for the prevention of developmental disabilities in Virginia in the 1990's. The priorities were selected from recommendations developed by four task forces on genetics, perinatal, early childhood, and school age/adolescence. The document is intended to contain recommendations…

Smith, Margaret, Ed.

283

Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of Virginia's Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia is in the process of transitioning to new English language arts and mathematics standards that will better prepare students to be successful in college and their careers. Time, effort, and resources must be dedicated to effective implementation in order to realize the promise of these new common core state standards. This document…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

284

Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of West Virginia's Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Virginia is in the process of transitioning to new English language arts and mathematics standards that will better prepare students to be successful in college and their careers. Time, effort, and resources must be dedicated to effective implementation in order to realize the promise of these new common core state standards. This paper…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

285

Microgravity vibration isolation research at the University of Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research at the University of Virginia on microgravity vibration isolation is reviewed. This work falls into three areas: the one degree of freedom isolation test rig and Lorentz actuator design, multiple degree of freedom active isolation system control, and innovative actuators for long stroke, non-contacting six degree of freedom isolation. Theoretical and design issues of multiple degree of freedom isolation are discussed.

Knospe, Carl R.; Lewis, David W.; Allan, A. Peter; Allaire, Paul E.; Humphris, Robert R.; Banerjee, Bibhuti B.; Hampton, R. David

1992-01-01

286

Profile of Older Workers in West Virginia. Local Employment Dynamics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report uses Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWIs) from the LED program for the state of West Virginia to focus on two groups of older workers: those who are likely to be receiving pension income (65 and older), and the preretirement group (55-64 year...

2004-01-01

287

Virginia Community College System: Three Decades of Educational Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of the Virginia Community College System (VCCS), stressing the similarities between the system's goals and Thomas Jefferson's views on public education in a democratic society. Reviews five major VCCS initiatives of the 1990s: improving transfer, reducing program length, implementing information technology, ensuring…

Bassett, Max L.

1997-01-01

288

Unionism and Productivity in West Virginia Coal Mining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents econometric estimates of the effects of unionism on productivity in 83 West Virginia coal mines in the early 1920s. Results show that unionism significantly reduced productivity at small mines but not at large mines. The author ascribes this effect to systematic differences between small and large operations in the quality of…

Boal, William M.

1990-01-01

289

University of Virginia Physical Science SOL Activities: Static Electricity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan for secondary physical science demonstrates induction and conduction through a "dancing" Cheerio and a charged plastic ruler. The lesson includes a printable student review sheet and background information on electrostatics. This resource is part of a larger collection generated by the University of Virginia Department of Physics outreach program. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2006-11-13

290

Virginia Future Business Leaders of America State Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook provides information on starting and conducting a Future Business Leaders of America program in Virginia schools. The guide is organized in seven sections that cover the following topics: introduction to Future Business Leaders of America (organization, organization chart, map, pledge, creed, goals); bylaws; dues and…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

291

Virginia's Link to Education about Forestry (LEAF) Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia's LEAF Program incorporates educational opportunities with heritage experiences and technology to advance forestry education in the Commonwealth. Statewide heritage-based outdoor classrooms use an integrated outdoor learning system to provide both formal and informal education. Online learning modules are coupled with the classrooms to…

Munsell, John F.; Gagnon, Jennifer L.; Barrett, Scott; Powell, Ellen

2010-01-01

292

Going the Last Mile: Connecting Virginia's Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports that Virginia's community colleges have joined the partnership to establish a statewide Internet2 (I2) next-generation network. I2 will provide enough bandwidth capacity to allow robust distance education initiatives and a converged network--which implies that voice, data, and video traffic is carried over one physical structure--and to…

Hengehold, Larry

2001-01-01

293

The Impact of Virginia's Career Information Delivery System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported the impact of Virginia's Vital Information for Education and Work (VIEW) System, which is modeled on the Michigan Occupational Information System (MOIS). Suggested that a statewide career information delivery system could serve as an impetus for generating excitement and new activities in local guidance programs. (LLL)

Snipes, Juanita K.; McDaniels, Carl

1984-01-01

294

Chesapeake Bay Crater, Virginia: Confirmation of Impact Origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poag et al. [1] identified a late Eocene boulder bed in drill cores from southeast Virginia, and interpreted it as an impact-generated tsunami deposit. Seismic studies and other geophysical evidence indicated the existence of a possible impact structure centered at Chesapeake Bay (37 degrees x 15' N and 76 degrees x 04' W), which may be 85-90 km in diameter

C. Koeberl; W. U. Reimold; D. Brandt; C. W. Poag

1995-01-01

295

Virginia Tech Campaign to Count Gifts Made to Victims  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia Tech has decided to count gifts to a memorial fund for victims of the April 16 shootings toward its goal of raising $1-billion in a capital campaign. Higher-education fund-raising experts agree that counting the memorial-fund contributions toward the total does not break common donation-reporting guidelines. Many big college fund-raising…

Strout, Erin

2007-01-01

296

West Virginia University's Health Sciences and Technology Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Health Sciences and Technology Academy, an outreach and engagement program by West Virginia University to encourage higher education faculty members and administrators, public school teachers, and community leaders to assume the responsibility of mentoring high school students. The primary goal is to increase the college…

Chester, Ann; Dooley, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

297

Marketing West Virginia Lumber to Manufacturers in Other States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Producers in West Virginia have some common problems in marketing the lumber they produce: what type of lumber to produce; where to sell it; and when, and how. Their marketing problem is complicated by the fact that most of the lumber they produce is sold...

G. R. Lindell

1965-01-01

298

EAARL coastal topography-Virginia, post-Nor'Ida, 2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This DVD contains lidar-derived first-surface (FS) and bare-earth (BE) topography GIS datasets of a portion of the Virginia coastline beachface. These datasets were acquired post-Nor'Ida on November 27, 2009, November 29, 2009, and December 1, 2009.

Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Fredericks, Xan; Klipp, E.S.; Nagle, D.B.; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Wright, C.W.; Sallenger, A.H.; Brock, J.C.

2011-01-01

299

ACT Profile Report: State. Graduating Class 2012. Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the performance of Virginia's 2012 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2012 and tested under standard time conditions. This report focuses on: (1) Performance: student test performance in the…

ACT, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

300

ACT Profile Report: State. Graduating Class 2012. West Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the performance of West Virginia's 2012 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2012 and tested under standard time conditions. This report focuses on: (1) Performance: student test performance in…

ACT, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

301

Virginia Space Grant Consortium Upper Atmospheric Payload Balloon System (Vps)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This document provides a summary of the launch and post-launch activities of Virginia Space Grant Consortium Upper Atmospheric Payload Balloon System, V(ps). It is a comprehensive overview covering launch activities, post-launch activities, experimental results, and future flight recommendations.

Marz, Bryan E.; Ash, Robert L.

1996-01-01

302

Directory of Academic Library Instruction Programs in Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory of academic library instruction programs in Virginia reflects data compiled from 82 academic libraries that responded to a questionnaire sent out in August 1977. The institution libraries are listed with addresses, the name(s) of contact person(s), and a telephone number. The survey results are organized by the format and the type…

Prince, William W., Ed.

303

KIDS COUNT in Virginia 1996: Kids and Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Virginia's children. The statistical portrait is organized into six general areas of children's well-being: (1) healthy births; (2) children's health; (3) school success; (4) risky behavior; (5) families; and (6) community well-being. Key indicators in these six areas include…

Nezlek, John B.; Galano, Joseph; Gholston, Susan E.

304

Economic Development in West Virginia. Information Series 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Excessive unemployment, serious deficiencies in education, housing, welfare, transportation, and government systems are major problems in West Virginia. A historical contributor to the present condition is the decline of the coal industry. Also a contributor is the general apathy of the citizens toward change and economic progress. The state's…

Zeller, Frederick A.; Smith, Wil J.

305

Feasibility analysis of critical infrastructure information sharing in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to ensure safer, more secure, and resilient localities and regions in the Commonwealth of Virginia, there exists a need to effectively protect the Commonwealth's critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR). The contribution of this work is a creation of a set of exploratory simulation models that help investigate the impact of various policy measures on the security of

C. R. Dyke; Jared A. Johnson; Nikita V. Revenko; Ross D. Collins; Michelle C. Hamilton; Michael A. Vedomske; Kenneth G. Crowther

2009-01-01

306

Varsity Hall: The Infirmary at the University of Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 5 years, an important treasure for the field of college health was rediscovered and has been completely renovated. It is the original student infirmary, now called Varsity Hall, at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. Varsity Hall is a significant rediscovery for those who are interested in the history of college health. This…

Christmas, William A.; Turner, James C.

2008-01-01

307

The Cooperative Education Association of Virginia. Bulletin, 1923, No. 53  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly a score of years ago a group of men and women, vitally interested in carrying into effect some plan by means of which people in the Old Dominion would realize the necessity for a wider democracy in education, met in Richmond, Virginia. Then it was that the germ of the Cooperative Education Association came into existence, and the following…

Guy, George W.

1924-01-01

308

Condition of Research at Virginia Colleges & Universities. A SCHEV Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help facilitate focused and deliberate action, this report contains a current baseline assessment of the condition of research at colleges and universities in Virginia. The report brings together key sets of national data on research into one convenient place. It also provide a collection of many of the primary indicators used to assess how…

Sebring, Amy; Nardo, G. Paul

309

Virginia's Black Codes: Uncovering the Evolution of Legal Slavery.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a lesson plan to teach students about the Black Codes created in Virginia during the eighteenth century. Explains that the students read the included primary document, gather in groups to answer a set of questions, and meet as a class to relate their answers. (CMK)

Hart, Gary

2003-01-01

310

DIGITAL ELEVATION MODEL (DEM) FILES (30 M) FOR VIRGINIA  

EPA Science Inventory

Digital Elevation Model (DEM) files, 30-m resolution, for Virginia from US Geological Survey Web site: http://edcwww.cr.usgs.gov/doc/edchome/ndcdb/7_min_dem/states/VA.html Files listed for VA but centered in TN, WV, and NC are not included. All file archives were downloaded an...

311

Building a Comprehensive Serials Decision Database at Virginia Tech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of library purchasing decisions regarding serials focuses on efforts at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University to compile numerous measures into a comprehensive database for decision support. Discusses a faculty survey of serials needs and future implications. (Author/LRW)

Metz, Paul; Cosgriff, John

2000-01-01

312

Incremental Master Planning: Concepts and Implementation at Virginia Tech.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master plan developed for Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University provides a guide for incremental response over time to the constantly changing needs of the institution, and includes potential for facility improvement and expansion, improvement of safety, and regeneration and renovation of existing space. (MSE)

Kark, Warren R.

1986-01-01

313

THE OZONE PROBLEM IN THE NORFOLK, VIRGINIA AREA  

EPA Science Inventory

The area of Norfolk, Virginia, being well displaced from large urban centers and having the Atlantic Ocean at its eastern border, appears to be sheltered from air pollution originating in other urban sources. The area frequently, however, records high concentrations of ozone. Max...

314

Educational Quality, Outcomes Assessment, and Policy Change: The Virginia Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The higher education system in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States provides a case model for how discussions regarding educational quality and assessment of that quality have affected institutions' policy decisions and implementation. Using Levin's (1998) policy analysis framework, this essay explores how assessment of student…

Culver, Steve

2010-01-01

315

Sanctuaries for Tradition: Virginia's New Private Schools. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia's anti-integration massive resistance laws of 1956 resulted in the closing of the public schools and the establishment of private schools for white youngsters "Foundations" were organized in Warren and Prince Edward Counties as well as in Norfolk and Charlottesville, to perpetuate segregated, traditionally oriented education. This special…

Goodman, Mary Ellen

316

Virginia coal industry: a study of the infrastructure. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

The Virginia coal industry was studied in the context of the Central Appalachian coal markets and competitive coal sources from eastern Kentucky and West Virginia. Production, transportation, and marketing were evaluated, focusing on delivered cost to the user as the key issue in sales. The study concludes that since coal quality from all three states is similar, then delivered cost is the key to steam coal sales to Virginia electric utilities. Coal from eastern Kentucky and West Virginia was provided at a lower delivered cost than coal from Virginia. Coal from eastern Kentucky had the lowest FOB mine price, and coal from West Virginia was moved at the lowest transportation costs. Since coal from Virginia had a weighted-average FOB mine cost lower than that from West Virginia, its present disadvantage is in its higher transportation costs. All of the mines involved in the study are served by a single railroad system, and all of the utility plants involved are served by a single railroad system. Lowest transportation costs resulted if the mine and the utility were served by the same rail system. An extra $2 to $3 a ton was required to move the coal 6 to 7 miles to the utility on a second system. The Virginia coal industry's future is tied inescapably to NS, which transports its coal and determines the delivered costs. Future growth requires that NS meet CSX transportation competition costs in order that Virginia coal can compete with West Virginia and eastern Kentucky coal on the basis of delivered cost. Increased Virginia coal sales require the close cooperation of Virginia coal suppliers, transporters, and users. Negotiators directly representing Virginia's Governor might be able to help bring this about.

Hibbard, W.R. Jr.; Chisholm, R.H.; Valdes, R.M.

1985-07-01

317

Investigation of the Virginia coal industry. Final technical report, May 1, 1984-April 30, 1985  

SciTech Connect

The Virginia coal industry was studied in the context of the Central Appalachian coal markets and competitive coal sources from eastern Kentucky and West Virginia. Production, transportation, and marketing were evaluated, focusing on delivered cost to the user as the key issue in sales. The study concentrated on steam coal sales to Virginia utilities because detailed data were available. The study concludes that since coal quality from all three states is similar, then delivered cost is the key to steam coal sales to Virginia electric utilities. Coal from eastern Kentucky and West Virginia was provided at a lower delivered cost than coal from Virginia. Coal from eastern Kentucky had the lowest FOB mine price, and coal from West Virginia was moved at the lowest transportation costs. Since coal from Virginia had a weighted-average FOB mine cost lower than that from West Virginia, its present disadvantage is in its higher transportation costs. All of the mines involved in the study are served by a single railroad system, and all of the utility plants involved are served by a single railroad system. Lowest transportation costs resulted if the mine and the utility were served by the same rail system. An extra $2 to $3 a ton was required to move the coal 6 to 7 miles to the utility on a second system, as in the case of the Norfolk Southern (NS) switch to the CSX system in Chesterfield. Since the coal producers do not have the margins to absorb this additional cost, the coal delivery competition is between railroads who do. The Virginia coal industry's future is tied inescapably to NS, which transports its coal and determines the delivered costs. Future growth requires that NS meet CSX transportation competition costs in order that Virginia coal can compete with West Virginia and eastern Kentucky coal on the basis of delivered cost. Increased Virginia coal sales require the close cooperation of Virginia coal suppliers, transporters, and users. 5 figs., 91 tabs.

Hibbard, W.R. Jr.; Chisholm, R.H.; Valdes, R.M.

1985-07-15

318

Consumer Reactions to Call Boxes on the Dulles Toll Road in Virginia. A Report to Virginia Department of Transportation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study represents the first part of an assessment of consumer reactions to the introduction of call boxes on the Dulles Toll Road (Northern Virginia). It initially looks at the existing experiences with call boxes in the US. Despite their adoption in ...

K. Button L. Higgins K. Vachal

2001-01-01

319

Population Change in West Virginia 1950-1970. West Virginia University Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station Bulletin 658.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growth patterns of the national economy during the 1950's and 1960's have not been shared by the state of West Virginia; towns and rural areas have lost population and job opportunities have declined. The switch to petroleum products and advanced mining technology displaced many coal mine workers. A national food surplus and the difficulty in…

Sizer, Leonard M.

320

The Economic Development of West Virginia through Education: Symposium Proceedings and Recommendations (White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, August 6-7, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

West Virginia's leaders--elected officials, business leaders, administrators of benevolence funding--attended the symposium held by the Education Task Force of West Virginia. Recommendations resulting from the symposium were: (1) to urge and support plans that focus on the individual student as the object of all reform efforts; (2) to support…

West Virginia Roundtable Inc.

321

Developing a habitat model for the endangered Virginia northern flying squirrel ( Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) in the Allegheny Mountains of West Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined occurrence patterns and habitat data for the Virginia northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) in the central Appalachian Mountains of West Virginia, USA with the intent to develop a habitat model. Topographic conditions (elevation, landform index, surface curvature, slope gradient and aspect) and proximity to coniferous cover were evaluated for three study areas where flying squirrel presence has

Richard H Odom; W. Mark Ford; John W Edwards; Craig W Stihler; Jennifer M Menzel

2001-01-01

322

Descriptive Analyses of English Language Learner Student Enrollment Data in Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. REL Technical Brief. REL 2012-No. 024  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State administrators in the Regional Educational Laboratory Appalachia Region (Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia) are responding to increased enrollment of English language learner (ELL) students in grades K-12, including in school districts that previously did not enroll ELL students or enrolled only a small number of them. ELL…

Zehler, Annette M.; Yin, Chengbin; Donovan, Anne

2012-01-01

323

The (Im)possibility of the Project: Radford Address  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this address, the author engages both with the possibility "and" the impossibility of the educational project--and suggests something of what it means to say this. His presentation is specifically addressed to the theme of the (im)possibility of the educational project. He draws from philosophy, literature, psychoanalysis and history, as well…

Green, Bill

2010-01-01

324

Teaching strategies: a microteaching project for nurses in Virginia.  

PubMed

A microteaching project, designed to increase the teaching effectiveness of nurses in Virginia, is described. The vehicle for the project is Teaching Strategies, a graduate credit course offered at the University of Virginia School of Nursing and in other state locations through the university's regional centers. The course uses microteaching techniques and videotape recordings of student teaching performances. The teaching behavior of 57 students who attended the course was rated using the project's rating scales. All students showed significant positive increases in teaching behavior on pre-, mid-, and postcourse measures in lecture discussion and group discussion teaching modes. Additional measures of students' teaching indicate retention of the learned behaviors six months after course completion. PMID:584379

Crosby, M H

1977-01-01

325

Chemical composition of streams during low flow; Fairfax County, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water samples were collected and stream discharges were measured at 49 sites in Fairfax County, Virginia during a period of low flow in August 1977. In addition, pesticide and metal content of residue on stream-bottom sediments from several major streams in the county were analysed. Waters from the streams in Fairfax County have generally good chemical quality during low flow. One stream in Vienna, Virginia has a high sodium chloride content, suggesting an upstream discharge of salty water. Higher concentrations of dissolved, solids reflect both the effects of geology and urbanization. Streams draining Triassic rocks in the western section of the county are characterized by the greatest natural concentration of dissolved minerals in the water. The concentrations of pesticide and metal residue associated with bottom sediments suggest a low level of pollution in the streams. One site in western Fairfax County contained above-normal levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) in the stream sediments.

Larson, J. D.

1978-01-01

326

Barite nodules in Devonian shale and mudstone of western Virginia  

SciTech Connect

Barite nodules from the Devonian Needmore and Millboro shales at several localities in western Virginia are diagenetic features. The nodules formed in fine-grained sediments that were deposited slowly in oxygen-deficient marine environments. Characteristics of the nodules and associated shales suggest that barium, possibly derived from diverse, dilute sources, precipitated as a sulfate at interfaces between anaerobic and dysaerobic water and in association with calcareous lenses and concretions.

Clark, S.H.; Mosier, E.L.

1989-01-01

327

Solar space and water heating system installed at Charlottesville, Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The solar energy system located at David C. Wilson Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Charlottesville, Virginia, is described. The solar energy system consists of 88 single glazed, Sunworks 'Solector' copper base plate collector modules, hot water coils in the hot air ducts, a Domestic Hot Water (DHW) preheat tank, a 3,000 gallon concrete urethane insulated storage tank and other miscellaneous components. Extracts from the site files, specifications, drawings, installation, operation and maintenance instructions are included.

1980-01-01

328

University of Virginia Physical Science SOL Activities: Balloon Electroscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This item is a lesson plan for the teacher of beginning high school physics and/or physical science. It provides directions for designing a simple electroscope demonstration and updates the classic "kissing balloon" activity with creative additions. Included are printable student data sheets and comprehensive background information on static electricity. This lesson is part of a larger collection generated by the University of Virginia Department of Physics outreach program. See Related Materials for a link to the full collection.

2006-11-09

329

75 FR 41247 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00028  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

This is an amendment of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-1874-DR), dated 02/16/2010. Incident: Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm. Incident Period: 12/18/2009 through 12/20/2009. Effective Date: 07/07/2010. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 04/19/2010. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date:......

2010-07-15

330

76 FR 58557 - Virginia Disaster Number VA-00038  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

This is an amendment of the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for Public Assistance Only for the Commonwealth of Virginia (FEMA-4024-DR), dated 09/03/2011. Incident: Hurricane Irene. Incident Period: 08/26/2011 through 08/28/2011. Effective Date: 09/10/2011. Physical Loan Application Deadline Date: 11/02/2011. Economic Injury (EIDL) Loan Application Deadline Date:...

2011-09-21

331

Remote Research Mentoring of Virginia High School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graduate students at the University of Virginia (UVa) are volunteering as research advisors on astronomy projects for Virginia's science and technology high schools. In previous years, we have worked with more than a dozen students through a research class at Central Virginia Governor's School in Lynchburg to develop an astronomy research curriculum that teaches background concepts and terminology, guides students in data analysis, and prepares them to present material in poster and oral forums. In our fourth year of operation, we are continuing to work with Central Virginia Governor's School and adapting the research curriculum to an independent course at Roanoke Valley Governor's School in Roanoke. Because both schools are far from UVa in Charlottesville, the program operates remotely; graduate advisors and high school students interact through "virtual" means, establishing a successful framework for meaningful remote mentoring. In the current year, six students will complete projects on astrophysical topics including megamasers, astrochemistry, and pulsars using data taken by the Green Bank Telescope (GBT). Students at Roanoke Valley were directly trained on the GBT as part of a separate outreach program called the Pulsar Search Collaboratory, and all six students will receive hands-on experience in handling GBT data. The current projects are components of larger research efforts by graduate student and professional level researchers, so that the projects contribute to high-level projects only possible with the GBT. This stands as a rare outreach program that uses the principle of “deliberative practice” to train high school students in the development of skills that are crucial to success in science. Furthermore, it provides graduate students with an opportunity to plan and advise research projects, developing a skill set that is required in more advanced academic positions. Our poster discusses the implementation of our online curriculum in two distinct class settings and highlights the students' research contributions.

Corby, Joanna; Dirienzo, W. J.; Beaton, R.; Pennucci, T.; Zasowski, G.

2013-01-01

332

Chesapeake Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve in Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located at VIMS in Gloucester Point, Virginia, CBNERR works to provide field experiences for student (pre-school through college), educator and public audiences. Programs are designed to enhance awareness and understanding of the estuary and emphasize the interrelationships of coastal habitats and human activities. Trip activities include exploration of salt marsh, submerged aquatic vegetation and shallow water habitats, collection of fish, crabs and other invertebrates and water quality and watershed studies.

333

Recession Raises Poverty in West Virginia, Especially Among Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on an analysis of previous recessions, one in four West Virginians is expected to fall into poverty during the current recession. The number of state children living in poverty is estimated to increase by more than a third to 130,585, or 34.4 percent. Each one-percent increase in the unemployment rate is projected to raise the number of West Virginia

Paul E. Miller

2009-01-01

334

A study of microseismic and macroseismic ground motions in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Microseismic spectra (0.75 to 15.6 Hz) from some seventy sites throughout the state of virginia are empirically classified into three classes based on the shape of the spectrum. The spatial distribution of these spectral classes exhibits a degree of geologic provincial correlation, i.e., 75% of the occurrences of one of the spectral class occurs in two provinces while the

Robert L. Ayers; G. A. Bollinger

1975-01-01

335

A study of microseismic and macroseismic ground motions in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microseismic spectra (0.75 to 15.6 Hz) from some seventy sites throughout the state of virginia are empirically classified into three classes based on the shape of the spectrum. The spatial distribution of these spectral classes exhibits a degree of geologic provincial correlation, i.e., 75% of the occurrences of one of the spectral class occurs in two provinces while the remaining

Robert L. Ayers; G. A. Bollinger

1975-01-01

336

19. Virginia Route 605 grade separation structure. This reinforced concrete ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Virginia Route 605 grade separation structure. This reinforced concrete rigid frame structure. This reinforced concrete rigid frame structure was built in 1950. It is an example of the most common ornament used on the parkway where the headwall, wingwalls, and railing is faced rusticated stone, but not the interior abutment walls and the bottom of the arch are plain concrete. - Blue Ridge Parkway, Between Shenandoah National Park & Great Smoky Mountains, Asheville, Buncombe County, NC

337

Erosional and Depositional Aspects of Hurricane Camille in Virginia, 1969  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Probably the worst natural disaster in central Virginia's recorded history was the flood resuiting from an 8-hour deluge of about 28 inches (710 mm) of rain on the night of August 19-20, 1969. This study examines some of the intensive sediment erosion and deposition that resulted from the storm and flood. Most of the 150 people whom the flood killed in this mountainous area died from broken bones and other blunt-force injuries, rather than by drowning. The transport of sediment and other debris by the water therefore was very significant in loss of life and in property damage. Erosion resulted mainly from debris avalanches down the mountain-sides and channel scour along streams and head-water tributaries. Total amounts of sediment yield from certain mountainous areas in Nelson County were about 3.2-4.6 million cubic feet per square mile, probably the equivalent of several thousand years of normal denudation. Characteristics of the debris avalanches were that (1) they usually followed pre-existing depressions on hillsides and occurred on slopes greater than 35 percent, (2) the upslope tip of the avalanche scar tended to be located at the steepest part of the hillside, where the convex slope merged with the concave or planar zone immediately below, (3) hillsides facing north, northeast and east were more susceptible to avalanching than slopes facing other directions, and (4) debris-avalanches caused rapid and devastating surges of water and sediment in the mountain-stream channels. Such surges in some instances temporarily blocked the channel flow upstream. Slightly more than half of the total sediment contributed to the stream system was from erosion of stream channels. Channel erosion was very irregularly distributed; some ravines 10-20 feet wide and 5-10 feet deep were scoured in places which formerly had only a very small channel, whereas other channels only a few hundred yards away experienced little or no channel erosion. By the use of figures for the total amount of sediment removed from a drainage basin and the duration of the storm, estimates were made of the storm-average sediment-transport rate at the mouth of various basins. For drainage basins ranging up to about 1.5 square miles, the estimated storm-average sediment-transport rates varied from practically nothing to as much as 172,000 pounds per second (7.4 million tons per day). The types of sediment deposits were (1) debris-avalanche deposits, rather rare, at the base of hillslopes, (2) mountain-stream channel deposits, usually in scattered sediment patches but locally occurring as large wedge-shaped deposits behind debris dams, (3) alluvial fans, (4) delta-like deposits at the junction of a stream and major highway, where water backed up during the flood due to plugging of a culvert, and (5) accretion deposits on flood plains. The highway deltas and some downstream flood-plain sediments consisted mostly of sand-sized grains, but the other types of deposits usually contained particles ranging from silt or clay to boulders 5-10 feet in diameter. Changes in grain size and in volume of deposition with distance downstream were measured, and sedimentary features of the various types of deposits are described.

Williams, Garnett P.; Guy, Harold P.

1973-01-01

338

Preliminary effects of Marcellus shale drilling on Louisiana waterthrush in West Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preliminary effects of Marcellus shale drilling on Louisiana Waterthrush in West Virginia;\\u000aPage 1 of 1;\\u000aDoug Becker and James Sheehan, WV Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, West Virginia Univ.,;\\u000aMorgantown, WV 26506, USA; Petra Bohall Wood, U.S. Geological Survey, WV Cooperative Fish and Wildlife;\\u000aResearch Unit, West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV 26506, USA; Harry Edenborn, National Energy Technology;

D. Becker; J. Sheehan; P. B. Wood; H. M. Edenborn

2011-01-01

339

Health-hazard-evaluation report HETA 89-175-2045, Planning Research Corporation, Virginia Beach, Virginia. Revised  

SciTech Connect

In response to a request from employees of the Planning Research Corporation, Virginia Beach, Virginia, an investigation was undertaken of possible hazardous conditions existing at that site. The employees reported headaches, nausea, eye irritation, sore throat, unusual fatigue or sleepiness, nasal discharge or sinus congestion. These were experienced by 10 to 20% of the workforce. The average environmental carbon-dioxide (CO{sub 2}) concentrations ranged from a low of 1625 parts per million (ppm) to a high of 2400ppm. Temperature and relative humidity measurements were usually within the comfort zone. Efforts were underway to create a smoke free environment at this site. The ventilation system was inadequate to the task. Employee complaints suggested that there were problems with ventilation and air movement, and this was confirmed by environmental measurements. The author recommends improving the air quality through improvements to the air conditioning, heating and ventilation systems.

Crandall, M.S.

1990-08-01

340

Geologic map of the Stephens City quadrangle, Clark, Frederick, and Warren Counties, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Stephens City 1:24,000-scale quadrangle is one of several quadrangles in Frederick County, Virginia being mapped by geologists from the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, VA with funding from the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program. This work is part of a project being lead by the U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Discipline, Virginia District, to investigate the geologic framework and groundwater resources of Frederick County as well as other areas in the northern Shenandoah Valley of Virginia and West Virginia.

Weary, D.J.; Orndorff, R.C.; Aleman-Gonzalez, W.

2006-01-01

341

40 CFR 81.231 - Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the State of West Virginia: Braxton County, Calhoun County, Clay County, Doddridge County, Gilmer County, Lewis County, Nicholas County, Ritchie County, Roane County, Upshur County, Webster County, Wirt...

2009-07-01

342

40 CFR 81.231 - Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the State of West Virginia: Braxton County, Calhoun County, Clay County, Doddridge County, Gilmer County, Lewis County, Nicholas County, Ritchie County, Roane County, Upshur County, Webster County, Wirt...

2010-07-01

343

40 CFR 81.234 - North Central West Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...geographically located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of West Virginia: Barbour County, Harrison County, Marion County, Monongalia County, Preston County, Taylor...

2013-07-01

344

78 FR 41187 - Driver Qualifications: Skill Performance Evaluation; Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration [Docket No...Performance Evaluation; Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles' Application for Exemption AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration...

2013-07-09

345

Comprehensive Statewide Planning for Vocational Rehabilitation Services. Final Report, Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is Volume II of a study made by a state commission in Virginia to determine the vocational needs of the state to 1975. Recommendations were made by the commission and a set of priorities was established. A thorough study was made of persons in the various disability categories and of the prevalence of those who were eligible for state aid.…

Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.

346

7.5-MINUTE DIGITAL RASTER GRAPHICS (DRG), VA PORTION OF ALBE  

EPA Science Inventory

7.5-minute DRG for Virginia portion of Albemarle-Pamlico Estuary watershed. Files obtained from www.runet.edu:8800/~geoserve/Virginia.html at Radford University. Digital Raster Graphics (DRGs) come from the US Geological Survey in Universal Trans Mercator (UTM), North American...

347

Curriculum Modifications for the Gifted in the Elementary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual was developed as part of the Gifted Curriculum Project, an effort to improve gifted education in Radford (Virginia) and Giles County (Virginia) schools. The manual contains modifications which elementary teachers can use as models in designing appropriate activities for gifted elementary students. The introduction explains the four…

Giles County Schools, Pearisburg, VA.

348

Thinning response of a white pine stand on a reclaimed surface mine in southwestern Virginia  

SciTech Connect

White pine (Pinus strobus L) is planted extensively following reclamation of surface-mined land in the eastern coalfields. Little information exists on the productive potential of forests growing on reclaimed mined land and the response of these forests to intermediate stand treatments such as thinning. A thinning study was established in a 17-year-old white pine stand growing on a reclaimed surface mine in Vise County in southwest Virginia. A random complete block design was used to evaluate the growth response 9 growing seasons after thinning, when the stand was 26 years old. Stand parameters were projected to age 30 using a stand table projection. Site index of the stand was found to be 105 ft of a base age of 50 years. Thinning increased the diameter growth of the residual trees to 0.3 in. year{sup -1} compared with 0.2 in. year{sup -1} for the unthinned treatment; however, at age 26, there was no difference in volume or value per acre, When projected to age 30, the unthinned treatment had a volume of 6,530 ft(3) ac{sup -1} but was only worth $3,564 ac{sup -1}, whereas the thinned treatment was projected to have 6,654 ft{sup 3} ac{sup -1}, which was worth $4,559 ac{sup -1} due to a larger percentage of the volume in saw timber size classes. These results indicate that commercial forestry is a viable alternative for reclamation of surface-mined lands and that stands growing on reclaimed mined land can respond well to intermediate stand treatments.

Casselman, C.N.; Fox, T.R.; Burger, J.A. [Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Forestry

2007-03-15

349

78 FR 8193 - In the Matter of Virginia Electric and Power Company, and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; ESP...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...In the Matter of Virginia Electric and Power Company, and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; ESP for North Anna ESP Site...Company, doing business as Dominion Virginia Power (DVP), and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative (ODEC), hold Early Site...

2013-02-05

350

Cross-Strike Structural Discontinuities: Tear Faults and Transfer Zones in the Central Appalachians of West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The structural characteristics of two cross-strike structural discontinuities (CSD's) in the central sedimentary Appalachians of West Virginia and Virginia were examined using limited field studies, structural cross sections, and gravity modelling. Detail...

T. H. Wilson

1980-01-01

351

Ticks and spotted fever group rickettsiae of southeastern Virginia.  

PubMed

The incidence of tick-borne rickettsial disease in the southeastern United States has been rising steadily through the past decade, and the range expansions of tick species and tick-borne infectious agents, new and old, has resulted in an unprecedented mix of vectors and pathogens. The results of an ongoing 4-year surveillance project describe the relative abundance of questing tick populations in southeastern Virginia. Since 2009, more than 66,000 questing ticks of 7 species have been collected from vegetation in a variety of habitats, with Amblyomma americanum constituting over 95% of ticks collected. Other species represented included Ixodes scapularis, Dermacentor variabilis, Amblyomma maculatum, Ixodes affinis, Haemaphysalis leporispalustris, and Ixodes brunneus. We found that 26.9-54.9% of A. americanum ticks tested were positive for Rickettsia amblyommii, a non-pathogenic symbiont of this tick species. We also found no evidence of R. rickettsii in D. variabilis ticks, although they did show low infection rates of R. montanensis (1.5-2.0%). Rickettsia parkeri and Candidatus R. andeanae were found in 41.8-55.7% and 0-1.5% A. maculatum ticks, respectively. The rate of R. parkeri in A. maculatum ticks is among the highest in the literature and has increased in the 2 years since R. parkeri and A. maculatum were first reported in southeastern Virginia. We conclude that tick populations in southeastern Virginia have recently undergone dramatic changes in species and abundance and that these populations support a variety of rickettsial agents with the potential for increased risk to human health. PMID:24201057

Nadolny, Robyn M; Wright, Chelsea L; Sonenshine, Daniel E; Hynes, Wayne L; Gaff, Holly D

2014-02-01

352

Effect of Powdery Mildew on Apple Yield and Economic Benefits of Its Management in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virginia and include 'Ginger Gold', 'Golden Delicious', 'Granny Smith', 'Idared', 'Jonagold', 'Jonathan', 'Paula- red', 'Rome Beauty', 'Stayman Winesap', and 'Winesap'. The presence of mildew in an orchard one year, coupled with the nor- mal weather conditions in the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia, makes the recur- rent presence of mildew likely. Currently, the primary mildewcides are sterol demethylation inhibitors (DMIs)

S. Yoder

353

Resistance to Myclobutanil in Populations of Venturia inaequalis in Winchester, Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sterol-inhibiting (SI) fungicides are widely used to manage apple scab, caused by Venturia inaequalis. However, recent observations indicate that populations of V. inaequalis in orchards in Virginia have developed resistance to myclobutanil and other SI fungicides. Little is known about the frequency and distribution of fungicide resistance in apple scab populations in Virginia. Isolates of V. inaequalis were collected from

Sasha C. Marine; David G. Schmale; Keith S. Yoder

2007-01-01

354

Teacher Professional Development through an Academic Enrichment Program for Underrepresented Secondary Students in West Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Health Science and Technology Academy (HSTA), a partnership between West Virginia University and primarily rural communities in West Virginia, provides after-school science clubs for financially disadvantaged and minority students and encourages their interests in science, technology, and health science careers. Science teachers participating…

Rye, James A.

1998-01-01

355

Teacher Perceptions of the Effective Implementation of Interactive Technologies in One Virginia Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the purpose of this study to determine teacher perceptions of the effective implementation of interactive technologies in one Virginia middle school. The questions that guided this study were the following: What are the Virginia middle school teachers' perceptions of effective integration of interactive technologies? Specifically: What are…

Dockum, James R.

2009-01-01

356

Library of Virginia Annual Report, July 1, 1997-June 30, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report details the activities and accomplishments of the Library of Virginia for the 12-month period ending June 30, 1998. Following letters from the Chairman and the State Librarian, the document reports on: "The Common Wealth" exhibition; acquisitions; conservation and preservation; Virginia Center for the Book; dedication of the…

Virginia State Library, Richmond.

357

A Statewide Examination of College Access Services and Resources in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the summer of 2008, the Commonwealth of Virginia was awarded a $1.1 million grant from the U. S. Department of Education. The College Access Challenge Grant Program (CACGP) is coordinated through the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV). The focus of the grant is to increase student access to postsecondary education,…

Alleman, Nathan F.; Stimpson, Racheal L.; Holly, L. Neal

2009-01-01

358

75 FR 74105 - Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; Notice of Consideration of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2008-0476] Dominion Virginia Power and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative; Notice...business as Dominion Virginia Power, and Old Dominion Electric Cooperative for the North...cases to mail copies on electronic storage media. Participants may not submit paper...

2010-11-30

359

Neighbors in Reform: A Comparison and Contrast of Kentucky and West Virginia School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the last decade, the neighboring states of Kentucky and West Virginia have realized the need for--and have acted upon--school reform measures in their educational systems. This document compares and contrasts the two states' efforts to restructure their school systems. Both Kentucky and West Virginia initiated their respective reform…

Adkins, Donna

360

The Virginia Agenda for Prevention of Developmental Disabilities in the 1990's. Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action for Prevention, Inc., in collaboration with the Virginia Institute for Developmental Disabilities, instituted a project to refine and update the 1983 Virginia Act Agenda for the prevention of developmental disabilities. This document presents recommendations from the project's four Task Forces charged with the responsibility of evaluating…

Action for Prevention, Inc., Richmond, VA.

361

A Celebration of Voices: The Virginia Hamilton Conference on Multicultural Literature for Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the establishment of, changes in, and discussions that have taken place at the Virginia Hamilton Conference on Multicultural Literature for Youth, celebrating its 17th year of stimulating dialogue on children's books. The conference honors author Virginia Hamilton, winner of almost every major award in the field of children's…

Hill, Janet

2001-01-01

362

The Virginia Horse Center\\\\'s Economic Impact in 2004: An Update of the 2001 Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is an update of a more thorough study conducted in 2001. The purpose of that study was to determine the economic impact of the Virginia Horse Center on the Lexington-Rockbridge County area (L-R area) and the state of Virginia. This update uses current information and relationships established from the earlier study to provide data for 2004. In 2004,

John Knapp

2005-01-01

363

The Emergence of Women in West Virginia History: A Title IX Project for Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet was designed to be used as a supplemental social studies unit and is divided into four sections. Section 1 profiles famous women of West Virginia including Aracoma, Nancy Hanks Lincoln, Mary Harris Jones, Susan Matilda Dew Hoff, Frances Benjamin Johnston, and Nancy Hart Douglas. Section 2, profiles contemporary women in West Virginia

Butler, Dee

364

A Government-University-Industry Response to Critical Manufacturing Innovation Needs: Virginia's Manufacturing Innovation Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission of Virginia's Manufacturing Innovation Center (VMIC) is to enhance the capability of Virginia's small- and medium-sized manufacturing firms to meet the competitive challenges of the future. VMIC helps build strong economic foundations while improving the quality of life and maintaining strong economic development programs. (JOW)

Barnes, James L.; Zarrugh, Mohamed Y.; Lawrence, David J.; McKown, Robert L.

2000-01-01

365

76 FR 51927 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Determination of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Virginia; Determination of Clean Data for the 2006 Fine Particulate Standard for the Charleston...West Virginia nonattainment area for the 2006 fine particulate matter (PM 2.5 ...NAAQS) has clean data for the 24-hour 2006 PM 2.5 NAAQS. This proposed...

2011-08-19

366

"The Power of the Oral Tradition: Giving Life to Words:" Conversations with Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve, a former English teacher and school counselor, is an award-winning author, best known for her children's books about the Rosebud Sioux life and culture, which combines history and legend to create culturally rich and authentic Native American stories. In this article, the authors share their conversations with Virginia

Young, Teresa; Henderson, Darwin L.

2013-01-01

367

78 FR 54200 - Virginia: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Virginia has applied to EPA for final authorization of revisions to its hazardous waste program under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). EPA proposes to grant final authorization to Virginia. In the ``Rules and Regulations'' section of this Federal Register, EPA is authorizing the revisions by an immediate final rule. EPA did not make a proposal prior to the immediate final rule......

2013-09-03

368

77 FR 65490 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Fredericksburg 8-Hour...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

EPA is approving the Commonwealth of Virginia's State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ) on September 26, 2011. The SIP revision updates the 2009 and 2015 motor vehicle emission budgets (MVEBs) in the Fredericksburg 8-Hour Ozone Maintenance Area (Fredericksburg Area) by replacing the previously approved MVEBs with budgets......

2012-10-29

369

77 FR 55168 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Permits for Major...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

EPA is proposing to approve State Implementation Plan (SIP) revisions submitted by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ). These revisions propose to allow the terms and conditions of various elements of the preconstruction program in Virginia to be combined into a single permit, establish limitations for issuance of Plantwide Applicability Limits (PALs), and provide an......

2012-09-07

370

Migrant Education. Third Annual Regional Workshop (Virginia Beach, Va., March 5-9, 1972).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Third Annual Regional Workshop on Migrant Education was held on March 5-9, 1972 in Virginia Beach, Virginia. This conference was for migrant educators from the Eastern Stream states extending from the Gulf of Mexico north to New England. Over 480 participants met, coordinating their ideas and experiences to create a better world for the…

Nachman, Cynthia P., Comp.

371

Alcohol, Drugs, and Links to Sexual Risk Behaviors among a Sample of Virginia College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was significant in that it administered the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS), a health risk assessment, to a sample of students at three public universities in Virginia. Virginia was never included in the original or subsequent nationwide assessments using this instrument. This health risk assessment is…

Enyeart Smith, Theresa M.; Wessel, Maria T.

2011-01-01

372

76 FR 54706 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Permits for Major...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of nitrogen oxides (NO X ) as a precursor to ozone in Virginia for permits of major...approving the addition of NO X as a precursor to ozone based on the Virginia regulations...This revision to add NO X as a precursor to ozone is in accordance with...

2011-09-02

373

Improvements in Well-Being in Virginia's Coalfields Hampered by Low and Unstable Income.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes relationship between income insecurity and investment in human capital (education, health, and housing) for Virginia's resource-dependent counties and other counties. Reports that Virginia's Appalachian coal and timber counties suffer depressed levels of well-being because of income instability, an important component in perceptions of…

Johnson, Thomas G; And Others

1989-01-01

374

Alcohol-Related Vehicular Death Rates for College Students in the Commonwealth of Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Determine rate of college student alcohol-related vehicular traffic fatalities in Virginia during 2007. Participants: Undergraduates at colleges and universities in Virginia. Methods: Institutions with membership in the American College Health Association were invited to participate in a survey. Data collected from institutional reports…

Turner, James; Bauerle, Jennifer; Keller, Adrienne

2011-01-01

375

West Virginia KIDS COUNT Data Book: 2000 County Profiles of Child Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ninth annual KIDS COUNT data book examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of West Virginia's children. Following a summary of overall findings, including the decline since 1980 in the West Virginia child population, the bulk of the report presents the state's statistical portrait, based on 12 indicators of well-being: (1)…

Folden, Pam, Ed.

376

Family Life Education. Standards of Learning: Objectives for Virginia Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains the legislative materials relating to family life education enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia in the 1987 session. The Virginia Board of Education was charged to develop standards of learning and curriculum guidelines for a comprehensive, sequential family life education curriculum in grades K through 12.…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond.

377

Regional and economic geology of Pennsylvanian age coal beds of West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

West Virginia is the only place in the United States where an entire section of Pennsylvanian age (Upper Carboniferous) strata can be seen. These strata occur within a wedge of rock that thins to the north and west from the southeastern part of the State. The progressive north-northwesterly termination of older Pennsylvanian geologic units beneath younger ones prominently outlines the center of the Appalachian basin of West Virginia. Over most of West Virginia, Lower and/or Middle Pennsylvanian strata unconformably overly Upper Mississippian (Lower Carboniferous) strata. Sediment deposition was accomplished by a complex system of deltas prograding north and west from an eastern and southeastern source area. More than 100 named coal beds occur within the Lower, Middle, and Upper Pennsylvanian rocks of West Virginia and at least 60 of these have been or are currently being mined commercially. Collectively, these coal beds account for original in-ground coal resources of almost 106.1??109 t (117??109 tons). West Virginia ranks fourth in the United States in demonstrated coal reserves. In 1988, West Virginia produced 131.4??106 t (144.9??106 T) of coal, third highest in the United States. Of this annual production, 75% was from underground mines. In 1988, West Virginia led the nation in the number of longwall mining sections currently in place. West Virginia's low-volatile coal beds are known worldwide as important metallurgical-grade coals, while the higher-volatile coal beds are utilized primarily for steam production. ?? 1993.

Repine, Jr. , T. E.; Blake, B. M.; Ashton, K. C.; Fedorko, III, N.; Keiser, A. F.; Loud, E. I.; Smith, C. J.; McClelland, S. W.; McColloch, G. H.

1993-01-01

378

78 FR 56151 - Safety Zone, North Atlantic Ocean; Virginia Beach, VA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1625-AA00 Safety Zone, North Atlantic Ocean; Virginia Beach, VA AGENCY...navigable waters of the North Atlantic Ocean in Virginia Beach, VA to support...over the navigable waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Due to the need to protect...

2013-09-12

379

CIVIL RIGHTS, U.S.A. PUBLIC SCHOOLS--SOUTHERN STATES 1962, VIRGINIA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY OF THE PROCESS OF DESEGREGATION IN VIRGINIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS SHOWS THAT IN QUESTIONS OF EQUAL PROTECTION THERE ARE MANY VIRGINIAS, NOT JUST ONE. THEREFORE, THE REPORT CONSISTS OF STUDIES OF PARTICULAR COMMUNITIES AND THEIR INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCES WITH DESEGREGATED SCHOOLS. THE RELEVANT BACKGROUND INFORMATION, THE SPECIFIC PATTERN FOR…

MEARNS, EDWARD A. JR.

380

Virginia's Smart Road: an intelligent transportation systems research facility  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The smart road is an experimental highway currently under construction in Virginia. It is being built from the ground up with ITS testing and evaluation in mind. Embedded research support infrastructure will include underground conduits, underground junction bunkers, power, a fiber optic data network, embedded pavement sensors, snow making capability, and experimental lighting. The facility will be utilized for a number of research areas including safety and human factors, snow and ice control, pavement research, bridge and structures research, ITS sensor development and evaluation, and roadside to vehicle communications.

Amanna, Ashwin; Crawford, Charles

1998-01-01

381

Library of Virginia: Tazewell County Public Library Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (LVA) (last discussed in the June 18, 1999 Scout Report) has made an addition to their digital collections. This addition is a collection of nearly 3,900 photos from Tazewell County, VA, dating from 1851 to the early 1990s. The photos cover a wide range of subjects and activities. Users may search by keyword, title, subject, type of photo, or photo number. Combination and Boolean searches are also available. Search returns include thumbnailed images with links to larger versions and catalog cards.

1999-01-01

382

Virginia Cooperative Extension: Agricultural and Natural Resources Publication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

State extension programs are a great way for interested parties to learn about everything from community development to integrated pest management. These publications from the Virginia Cooperative Extension cover these topics, and dozens more. Most of the papers here are available in one or more formats, and along with more practical publications, there are a few that may inspire a new hobby or passion. Some of these include papers that help individuals learn about home-curing pork and how to correctly site a vineyard.

383

The Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library: resource for nurse administrators.  

PubMed

This article describes the major knowledge resource of the Virginia Henderson International Nursing Library, The Registry of Nursing. The first part of this article examines informatics issues and is accompanied by examples of retrieval from a typical bibliographic database and a retrieval from the Registry of Nursing Research using case mix, both as a subject heading and as a research variable. The second part of the article examines the interaction of informatics and technology used in the Registry and presents some other Library resources. PMID:9215008

Graves, J R

1997-01-01

384

University of Virginia Physics 152: Introductory Physics II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of resource materials for second-semester introductory physics, developed at the University of Virginia. The unifying theme of the course is applying Newtonâs Laws to a small segment of a large system to find laws governing the system as a whole. Resources include complete lecture notes, demonstrations, links to related interactive simulations, problem sets/study sheets for students, and downloadable animated spreadsheets. Physics 152 covers topics that include gravity, waves and oscillations, fluids, heat, and thermodynamics. It is intended for prospective physics majors or students who have some preparation in the fundamentals of calculus.

Fowler, Michael

2009-02-24

385

The 1977 surface ozone study of eastern Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data were collected by primarily twelve ground stations positioned throughout the eastern shore - tidewater area of Virginia and North Carolina. From an analysis of the ozone and wind data, certain trends were found such as the existence of a bias in ozone concentrations between stations and a linear correlation between average ozone concentration and latitude. In addition, higher ozone levels were found with surface winds from certain preferred directions at the various sites. The results, however, do not substantiate ozone or ozone precursor transport.

Williams, M. E.; Parsons, C. L.

1978-01-01

386

Researcher-Practitioner Partnership between West Virginia University Department of Geology and Geography, the West Virginia University Police Department and the Morgantown Police Department.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This collaboration between the West Virginia University Police Department, academic researchers, and the city of Morgantown PD supports the adoption of geospatial crime analysis across police jurisdictions to provide intelligence-led decision making capab...

G. Elmes G. Roedl

2012-01-01

387

Development of a Safety Evaluation Procedure for Identifying High-Risk Signalized Intersections in the Virginia Department of Transportation's Northern Virginia District.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research was undertaken to develop an evaluation procedure to identify high-risk four-legged signalized intersections in VDOTs Northern Virginia district by traffic movements and times of day. By using the developed procedure, traffic engineers are e...

Y. J. Kweon

2007-01-01

388

An Allocation of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources to Gauley River National Recreation Area and New River Gorge National River, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey estimated volumes of undiscovered oil and gas resources that may underlie Gauley River National Recreation Area and New River Gorge National River in West Virginia. Using the results of an assessment of undiscovered resources from ten assessment units in the Appalachian Basin Province that include these land parcels, the USGS allocated 2.9 billion cubic feet of gas, 1.6 thousand barrels of oil, and 45 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids to part of Gauley River National Recreation Area, and 39 billion cubic feet of gas, 24 thousand barrels of oil, and 644 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids to New River Gorge National River. These allocated volumes of undiscovered resources represent potential volumes in undiscovered fields.

Schenk, Christopher J.; Klett, Timothy R.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Crovelli, Robert A.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Milici, Robert C.

2003-01-01

389

Closing the Achievement Gap Report for 21st Century Learners in West Virginia. Third Edition, 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the "Closing the Achievement Gap for 21st Century Learners in West Virginia (CAG)" report, 3rd edition, is to update West Virginia educators to the status and improvement of student achievement in West Virginia which may then be utilized as a basis for determining future educational decisions. In order to enhance the quality of…

Smith, Diana L., Ed.

2009-01-01

390

HJR 678: Report on Teacher Shortages in the Commonwealth, with Focus on Enhancing the Transfer Pipeline from Virginia's Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

House Joint Resolution 678 requires that the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) and the Virginia Community College System (VCCS) study "the shortage of classroom teachers in the Commonwealth, and especially explore methods to attract students to the Virginia Community College System for the first two years of a teacher…

Quintana-Baker, Maricel; Johansen, Carmen

2010-01-01

391

Navy Virginia (SSN-774) Class Attack Submarine Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress. Updatd September 27, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Navy has been procuring Virginia (SSN-774) class nuclear-powered attack submarines since FY1998. The two Virginia-class boats requested for FY2014 are to be the 19th and 20th boats in the class, and the first two in a 10-boat Virginia class multiyear-...

R. O'Rourke

2013-01-01

392

76 FR 39978 - Virginia Port Authority-Acquisition Exemption-Norfolk and Portsmouth Belt Line Railroad Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Belt Line Railroad Company Virginia Port Authority (VPA), a...subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia...recipient of grant funds from the Virginia Department of Rail and Public...that would qualify it as a Class III rail carrier and...

2011-07-07

393

Ground-water flow and saline water in the shallow aquifer system of the southern watersheds of Virginia Beach, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Population and tourism continues to grow in Virginia Beach, Virginia, but the supply of freshwater is limited. A pipeline from Lake Gaston supplies water for northern Virginia Beach, but ground water is widely used to water lawns in the north, and most southern areas of the city rely solely on ground water. Water from depths greater than 60 meters generally is too saline to drink. Concentrations of chloride, iron, and manganese exceed drinking-water standards in some areas. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Virginia Beach, Department of Public Utilities, investigated the shallow aquifer system of the southern watersheds to determine the distribution of fresh ground water, its potential uses, and its susceptibility to contamination. Aquifers and confining units of the southern watersheds were delineated and chloride concentrations in the aquifers and confining units were contoured. A ground-water-flow and solute-transport model of the shallow aquifer system reached steady state with regard to measured chloride concentrations after 31,550 years of freshwater recharge. Model simulations indicate that if freshwater is found in permeable sediments of the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer, such a well field could supply freshwater, possibly for decades, but eventually the water would become more saline. The rate of saline-water intrusion toward the well field would depend on the rate of pumping, aquifer properties, and on the proximity of the well field to saline water sources. The steady-state, ground-water-flow model also was used to simulate drawdowns around two hypothetical well fields and drawdowns around two hypothetical open-pit mines. The chloride concentrations simulated in the model did not approximate the measured concentrations for some wells, indicating sites where local hydrogeologic units or unit properties do not conform to the simple hydrogeology of the model. The Columbia aquifer, the Yorktown confining unit, and the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer compose the hydrogeologic units of the shallow aquifer system of Virginia Beach. The Columbia and Yorktown-Eastover aquifers are poorly confined throughout most of the southern watersheds of Virginia Beach. The freshwater-to-saline-water distribution probably is in a dynamic equilibrium throughout most of the shallow aquifer system. Freshwater flows continually down and away from the center of the higher altitudes to mix with saline water from the tidal rivers, bays, salt marshes, and the Atlantic Ocean. Fresh ground water from the Columbia aquifer also leaks down through the Yorktown confining unit into the upper half of the Yorktown-Eastover aquifer and flows within the Yorktown-Eastover above saline water in the lower half of the aquifer. Ground-water recharge is minimal in much of the southern watersheds because the land surface generally is low and flat.

Smith, Barry S.

2003-01-01

394

Incorporating Safety into the Regional Planning Process in Virginia: Volume II: A Resource Guide. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Motor vehicle crashes have an annual societal cost of $230 billion, and one way to reduce this cost is to incorporate safety directly into the long-range transportation planning process. This resource guide presents some ways through which safety and plan...

J. N. Kamatu J. S. Miller N. J. Garber

2010-01-01

395

The 1979 Southeastern Virginia Urban Plume Study. Volume 2: Data listings for NASA Cessna aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The data reported are these measured onboard the NASA Langley chartered Cessna aircraft. Data include ozone, nitrogen oxides, light scattering coefficient, temperature, dewpoint, and aircraft altitude.

Gregory, G. L.; Lee, R. B., III; Mathis, J. J., Jr.

1981-01-01

396

Coalbed methane potential in the Appalachian states of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, Ohio, Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee; an overview  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report focuses on the coalbed methane (CBM) potential of the central Appalachian basin (Virginia, eastern Kentucky, southern West Virginia, and Tennessee) and the northern Appalachian basin (Pennsylvania, northern West Virginia, Maryland, and Ohio). As of April 1996, there were about 800 wells producing CBM in the central and northern Appalachian basin. For the Appalchian basin as a whole (including the Cahaba coal field, Alabama, and excluding the Black Warrior Basin, Alabama), the total CBM production for 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995, is here estimated at 7.77, 21.51, 29.99, and 32 billion cubic feet (Bcf), respectively. These production data compare with 91.38, 104.70, 110.70, and 112.11 Bcf, respectively, for the same years for the Black Warrior Basin, which is the second largest CBM producing basin in the United States. For 1992-1995, 92-95% of central and northern Appalachian CBM production came from southwestern Virginia, which has by far the largest CBM production the Appalachian states, exclusive of Alabama. For 1994, the average daily production of CBM wells in Virginia was 119.6 Mcf/day, which is about two to four times the average daily production rates for many of the CBM wells in the northern Appalachian basin. For 1992-1995, there is a clear increase in the percentage of CBM being produced in the central and northern Appalachian basin as compared with the Black Warrior Basin. In 1992, this percentage was 8% of the combined central and northern Appalachian and Black Warrior Basin CBM production as compared with 22% in 1995. These trends imply that the Appalachian states, except for Alabama and Virginia, are in their infancy with respect to CBM production. Total in place CBM resources in the central and northern Appalachian basin have been variously estimated at 66-76 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), of which an estimated 14.55 Tcf (3.07 Tcf for central Appalachian basin and 11.48 Tcf for northern Appalachian basin) is technically recoverable according to Ricei s (1995) report. This compares with 20 Tcf in place and 2.30 Tcf as technically recoverable CBM for the Black Warrior Basin. These estimates should be considered preliminary because of unknown CBM potential in Ohio, Maryland, Tennessee, and eastern Kentucky. The largest potential for CBM development in the central Appalachian basin is in the Pocahontas coal beds, which have total gas values as much as 700 cf/ton, and in the New River coal beds. In the northern Appalachian basin, the greatest CBM potential is in the Middle Pennsylvanian Allegheny coal beds, which have total gas values as much as 252 cf/ton. Rice (1995) estimated a mean estimated ultimate recovery per well of 521 MMcfg for the central Appalachian basin and means of 121 and 216 MMcfg for the anticlinal and synclinal areas, respectively, of the northern Applachian basin. There is potential for CBM development in the Valley coal fields and Richmond basin of Virginia, the bituminous region of southeastern Kentucky, eastern Ohio, northern Tennessee, and the Georges Creek coal field of western Maryland and adjacent parts of Pennsylvania. Moreover, the Anthracite region of eastern Pennsylvania, which has the second highest known total gas content for a single coal bed (687 cf/ton) in the central and northern Appalachian basin, should be considered to have a fair to good potential for CBM development where structure, bed continuity, and permeability are favorable. CBM is mainly an undeveloped unconventional fossil-fuel resource in the central and northern Appalachian basin states, except in Virginia, and will probably contribute an increasing part of total Appalachian gas production into the next century as development in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and other Appalachian states continue. The central and northern Appalachian basins are frontier or emerging regions for CBM exploration and development, which will probably extend well into the next century. On the basis of CBM production

Lyons, Paul C.

1996-01-01

397

Breaking and Making Tradition: Women at the University of Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

By the turn of the 19th century, while many states had made provisions for educating women at the college level, Virginia had no such initiatives, and would not admit a full class of undergraduate women until 1970. This special online exhibit, developed by Larissa Mehmet at the Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia, traces the history of the education of women at the institution from the creation of the Summer Normal Institute in 1880 (at which students did not receive academic credit) to the present, where women make up fifty-five percent of the undergraduate student body. Visitors can peruse this rather compelling online exhibit, reading a number of brief historical essays, and viewing such primary documents as a letter from Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Burwell from 1818, where Jefferson remarks that the idea of educating women "is a subject on which I have not thought much." The site is rounded out by a timeline, and a place for alumna to share their memories.

398

GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems at Virginia Tech  

SciTech Connect

The Virginia Tech GATE Center for Automotive Fuel Cell Systems (CAFCS) achieved the following objectives in support of the domestic automotive industry: â?˘ Expanded and updated fuel cell and vehicle technologies education programs; â?˘ Conducted industry directed research in three thrust areas â?? development and characterization of materials for PEM fuel cells; performance and durability modeling for PEM fuel cells; and fuel cell systems design and optimization, including hybrid and plug-in hybrid fuel cell vehicles; â?˘ Developed MS and Ph.D. engineers and scientists who are pursuing careers related to fuel cells and automotive applications; â?˘ Published research results that provide industry with new knowledge which contributes to the advancement of fuel cell and vehicle systems commercialization. With support from the Dept. of Energy, the CAFCS upgraded existing graduate course offerings; introduced a hands-on laboratory component that make use of Virginia Techâ??s comprehensive laboratory facilities, funded 15 GATE Fellowships over a five year period; and expanded our program of industry interaction to improve student awareness of challenges and opportunities in the automotive industry. GATE Center graduate students have a state-of-the-art research experience preparing them for a career to contribute to the advancement fuel cell and vehicle technologies.

Nelson, Douglas

2011-05-31

399

Virginia Regional Seismic Network. Final report (1986--1992)  

SciTech Connect

In 1986, the Virginia Regional Seismic Network was one of the few fully calibrated digital seismic networks in the United States. Continued operation has resulted in the archival of signals from 2,000+ local, regional and teleseismic sources. Seismotectonic studies of the central Virginia seismic zone showed the activity in the western part to be related to a large antiformal structure while seismicity in the eastern portion is associated spatially with dike swarms. The eastern Tennessee seismic zone extends over a 300x50 km area and is the result of a compressive stress field acting at the intersection between two large crustal blocks. Hydroseismicity, which proposes a significant role for meteoric water in intraplate seismogenesis, found support in the observation of common cyclicities between streamflow and earthquake strain data. Seismic hazard studies have provided the following results: (1) Damage areas in the eastern United States are three to five times larger than those observed in the west. (2) Judged solely on the basis of cataloged earthquake recurrence rates, the next major shock in the southeast region will probably occur outside the Charleston, South Carolina area. (3) Investigations yielded necessary hazard parameters (for example, maximum magnitudes) for several sites in the southeast. Basic to these investigations was the development and maintenance of several seismological data bases.

Bollinger, G.A.; Sibol, M.S.; Chapman, M.C.; Snoke, J.A. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (US). Seismological Observatory

1993-07-01

400

Mycoplasma pneumoniae respiratory illness - two rural counties, West Virginia, 2011.  

PubMed

On October 28, 2011, the West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources notified CDC of an increase in pneumonia cases among school-aged children in two rural counties. Mycoplasma pneumoniae was the suspected cause, based on epidemiology, clinical presentation, and testing of specimens sent to CDC. Three of six nasopharyngeal swabs were positive for M. pneumoniae in testing by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources and CDC conducted an outbreak investigation to confirm the etiology of the outbreak, establish active case surveillance, and provide recommendations for treatment and containment. The investigation confirmed M. pneumoniae as the cause and identified 125 cases, including two caused by macrolide-resistant isolates. The outbreak was contained with public health interventions that included communicating to the public the importance of respiratory hygiene, providing hand sanitizer in schools, and informing health-care providers about macrolide resistance; antibiotic prophylaxis was not used. Despite the large number of cases and macrolide-resistant strains, no severe extrapulmonary manifestations (e.g., erythema multiforme) were reported. PMID:23076092

2012-10-19

401

Mobility Times. Volume 7.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose: The Mobility Times periodical is published quarterly by Mobility Concepts Agency (MCA) located at Fort Monroe, Virginia. MCA is a multi-Service organization sponsored by the Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) and the Air Mobility Command...

1996-01-01

402

Mobility Times. Volume 8.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Mobility Times periodical is published quarterly by Mobility Concepts Agency (MCA) located at Fort Monroe, Virginia. MCA is a multi-Service organization sponsored by the Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) and the Air Mobility Command (AMC). T...

1996-01-01

403

Assessment of contamination from arsenical pesticide use on orchards in the great valley region, Virginia and West Virginia, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Lead arsenate pesticides were widely used in apple orchards from 1925 to 1955. Soils from historic orchards in four counties in Virginia and West Virginia contained elevated concentrations of As and Pb, consistent with an arsenical pesticide source. Arsenic concentrations in approximately 50% of the orchard site soils and approximately 1% of reference site soils exceed the USEPA Preliminary Remediation Goal (PRG) screening guideline of 22 mg kg-1 for As in residential soi, defined on the basis of combined chronic exposure risk. Approximately 5% of orchard site soils exceed the USEPA PRG for Pb of 400 mg kg-1 in residential soil; no reference site soils sampled exceed this value. A variety of statistical methods were used to characterize the occurrence, distribution, and dispersion of arsenical pesticide residues in soils, stream sediments, and ground waters relative to landscape features and likely background conditions. Concentrations of Zn, Pb, and Cu were most strongly associated with high developed land density and population density, whereas elevated concentrations of As were weakly correlated with high orchard density, consistent with a pesticide residue source. Arsenic concentrations in ground water wells in the region are generally <0.005 mg L-1. There was no spatial association between As concentrations in ground water and proximity to orchards. Arsenic had limited mobility into ground water from surface soils contaminated with arsenical pesticide residues at concentrations typically found in orchards. ?? ASA, CSSA, SSSA.

Robinson, Jr. , G. R.; Larkins, P.; Boughton, C. J.; Reed, B. W.; Sibrell, P. L.

2007-01-01

404

Health-hazard evaluation report MHETA 86-191-1836, West Virginia Department of Highways, Charleston, West Virginia  

SciTech Connect

In response to a request from the West Virginia Department of Highways, an evaluation was performed at its Sign Shop in Charleston, West Virginia, for possible exposures to solvent vapors from silkscreening and exposures to excessive noise from sign fabrication. Levels of organic vapors and dibutyl phthalate (less than 0.02mg/cu. m) during silkscreening were well below existing standards for exposure levels; however, there were some working conditions in this area that could cause discomfort among workers under varying conditions. The general exhaust fan did not run continuously during operations, no mechanical-supply air source for area general exhaust fans was provided, poor placement of signs while drying caused vapors to be drawn past workers at breathing-zone levels thus increasing their exposure potential, and no protective goggles or gloves were used routinely when handling solvents and inks. Recommendations addressing each of these shortcomings are presented. It is also recommended that workers in sign fabrication wear hearing-protection devices when using shop equipment or when working in an area where such equipment is being used.

Kullman, G.J.

1987-02-01

405

Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Segment 11, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Segment 11 consists of the States of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, West Virginia, and the Commonwealths of Pennsylvania and Virginia. All but West Virginia border on the Atlantic Ocean or tidewater. Pennsylvania also borders on Lake Erie. Small parts of northwestern and north-central Pennsylvania drain to Lake Erie and Lake Ontario; the rest of the segment drains either to the Atlantic Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico. Major rivers include the Hudson, the Delaware, the Susquehanna, the Potomac, the Rappahannock, the James, the Chowan, the Neuse, the Tar, the Cape Fear, and the Yadkin-Peedee, all of which drain into the Atlantic Ocean, and the Ohio and its tributaries, which drain to the Gulf of Mexico. Although rivers are important sources of water supply for many cities, such as Trenton, N.J.; Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pa.; Baltimore, Md.; Washington, D.C.; Richmond, Va.; and Raleigh, N.C., one-fourth of the population, particularly the people who live on the Coastal Plain, depends on ground water for supply. Such cities as Camden, N.J.; Dover, Del.; Salisbury and Annapolis, Md.; Parkersburg and Weirton, W.Va.; Norfolk, Va.; and New Bern and Kinston, N.C., use ground water as a source of public supply. All the water in Segment 11 originates as precipitation. Average annual precipitation ranges from less than 36 inches in parts of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia to more than 80 inches in parts of southwestern North Carolina (fig. 1). In general, precipitation is greatest in mountainous areas (because water tends to condense from moisture-laden air masses as the air passes over the higher altitudes) and near the coast, where water vapor that has been evaporated from the ocean is picked up by onshore winds and falls as precipitation when it reaches the shoreline. Some of the precipitation returns to the atmosphere by evapotranspiration (evaporation plus transpiration by plants), but much of it either flows overland into streams as direct runoff or enters streams as base flow (discharge from one or more aquifers). The distribution of average annual runoff (fig. 2) is similar to the distribution of precipitation; that is, runoff is generally greatest where precipitation is greatest. Runoff rates range from more than 50 inches per year in parts of western North Carolina to less than 12 inches in parts of North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Parts of the seven following physiographic provinces are in Segment 11: the Coastal Plain, the Piedmont, the Blue Ridge, the New England, the Valley and Ridge, the Appalachian Plateaus, and the Central Lowland. The provinces generally trend northeastward (fig. 3). The northeastern terminus of the Blue Ridge Province is in south-central Pennsylvania, and the southwestern part of the New England Province, the Reading Prong, ends in east-central Pennsylvania. The topography, lithology, and water-bearing characteristics of the rocks that underlie the Blue Ridge Province and the Reading Prong are similar. Accordingly, for purposes of this study, the hydrology of the Reading Prong is discussed with that of the Blue Ridge Province. The Coastal Plain Province is a lowland that borders the Atlantic Ocean. The Coastal Plain is as much as 140 miles wide in North Carolina but narrows northeastward to New Jersey where it terminates in Segment 11 at the south shore of Raritan Bay. Although it is generally a flat, seaward-sloping lowland, this province has areas of moderately steep local relief, and its surface locally reaches altitudes of 350 feet in the southwestern part of the North Carolina Coastal Plain. The Coastal Plain mostly is underlain by semiconsolidated to unconsolidated sediments that consist of silt, clay, and sand, with some gravel and lignite. Some consolidated beds of limestone and sandstone are present. The Coastal Plain sediments range in age from Jurassic to Holocene and dip gently toward the ocean. The boundary between the C

Trapp, Henry, Jr.; Horn, Marilee A.

1997-01-01

406

Monitoring water quality from LANDSAT. [satellite observation of Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Water quality monitoring possibilities from LANDSAT were demonstrated both for direct readings of reflectances from the water and indirect monitoring of changes in use of land surrounding Swift Creek Reservoir in a joint project with the Virginia State Water Control Board and NASA. Film products were shown to have insufficient resolution and all work was done by digitally processing computer compatible tapes. Land cover maps of the 18,000 hectare Swift Creek Reservoir watershed, prepared for two dates in 1974, are shown. A significant decrease in the pine cover was observed in a 740 hectare construction site within the watershed. A measure of the accuracy of classification was obtained by comparing the LANDSAT results with visual classification at five sites on a U-2 photograph. Such changes in land cover can alert personnel to watch for potential changes in water quality.

Barker, J. L.

1975-01-01

407

Feeding flights of nesting wading birds at a Virginia colony  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Feeding flights of Snowy Egrets (Egretta thula), Tricolored Herons (E. tricolor), Little Blue Herons (E. caerulea), and Cattle Egrets (Bubulcus ibis) were monitored at a small nesting colony near Chincoteague, Virginia during late May and June 1979. All four species varied their flight directions over a series of days. Cattle Egrets oriented in a different direction (toward uplands) from the other three wetland-feeding species, which oriented toward Spartina marsh areas. None of the species showed a tendency to form groups while departing from or arriving at the colony. Tide level had little influence on flight directions used. Comparisons are made between these results and those from a similar study in coastal North Carolina.

Erwin, R.M.

1984-01-01

408

Technique for estimating magnitude and frequency of floods in Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A technique is presented for estimating the magnitude and frequency of floods in Virginia. For 299 gaged sites, the magnitudes of floods having recurrence intervals of 2 to 100 years are provided in tables. For ungaged sites, regression relations are presented that allow the estimation of flood magnitudes based on upstream drainage area, average main-channel slope, and a factor of account for regional variations in basin terrain characteristics that would bias the results. A summary of maximum known peak discharges are presented for 363 sites together with the relationship of drainage-area size to flow in cubic feet per second per square mile. Also included is a table of 10 basin characteristics for 403 gaging stations. (Woodard-USGS)

Miller, E. M.

1978-01-01

409

University of Virginia Physics 152: Oscillations and Waves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of instructional materials developed at the University of Virginia to support teaching a unit on waves and oscillation. It is intended for prospective physics majors or students who have some preparation in calculus fundamentals. Resources include lecture notes on waves in one, two, and three dimensions, sound waves, simple harmonic motion, boundary conditions, wave analysis, and wave properties. Look for links to related interactive simulations, problem sets, and study sheets for students. Of particular interest are the downloadable animated spreadsheets on addition of traveling waves. This resource is part of the full Physics 152 course, which covers topics typically included in a second-semester introductory physics class. SEE RELATED ITEMS ON THIS PAGE for a link to the full set of course materials.

Fowler, Michael

2009-02-24

410

Small Wind Electric Systems: A Virginia Consumer's Guide  

SciTech Connect

Small Wind Electric Systems: A Virginia Consumer's Guide provides consumers with information to help them determine whether a small wind electric system can provide all or a portion of the energy they need for their home or business based on their wind resource, energy needs, and economics. Topics include how to make a home more energy efficient, how to choose the correct turbine size, the parts of a wind electric system, how to determine whether enough wind resource exists, how to choose the best site for a turbine, how to connect a system to the utility grid, and whether it's possible to become independent of the utility grid using wind energy. In addition, the cover of the guide contains a list of contacts for more information.

Not Available

2007-01-01

411

Halophytophthora fluviatilis sp. nov. from freshwater in Virginia.  

PubMed

Halophytophthora fluviatilis, a novel species from inland freshwater in Virginia, is characterized and described in this study. This homothallic species produced ovoid to globose sporangia, which release zoospores directly through exit pores. It grew well in a relatively wide range of salinity from 1.8 to 19.0 parts per thousand. Sequence analysis of the rRNA internal transcribed spacer region placed this new species in the Halophytophthora sensu stricto clade. Description of this new species expanded the habitat to include geographically distinct inland freshwater ecosystems for the genus Halophytophthora, challenging the notion that this genus is marine or brackish. The need to construct a molecular-based taxonomy for the genus Halophytophthora is also discussed. PMID:24484074

Yang, Xiao; Hong, Chuanxue

2014-03-01

412

Solar and air lumber drying during winter in Virginia  

SciTech Connect

A greenhouse-type solar lumber dryer with a transparent south wall and transparent 45 degrees sloped roof was used to dry 4/4 oak lumber in the winter in Virginia. A pile of end-matched samples was also air-dried during the same time period. The solar-dried lumber reached 20 percent moisture content (MC) in 80 days and 6 percent MC in 125 days; the air-dried pile reached 20 percent MC in 105 days and 14 percent MC in 162 days. Solar-dried lumber at 6 percent MC was without end checks and free of casehardening stresses. In order to permit comparisons of this dryer with other dryers or after modification of the existing dryer, a method of calculating an efficiency factor using standard meteorological data is explained. (Refs. 17).

de S. Oliveira, L.C.; Skaar, C.; Wengert, E.M.

1982-01-01

413

Tobacco Bag Stringing in North Carolina and Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tobacco bag stringing may not be familiar to most people today, as it has not been practiced by any significant number of individuals for decades. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a number of families throughout the tobacco-rich regions of North Carolina and Virginia made extra money by sewing drawstrings into cotton tobacco bags. Visitors can learn about this practice and its history by viewing the primary materials contained on this site created by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Here visitors can view the full text of a report from 1939 which documented tobacco bag stringing in both states. After taking a look at "The Report" section, visitors can move on to "The Workers" section. Here, visitors can learn about the individual tobacco bag stringers, and also view photographs of each worker. Moving on, visitors can view 145 images of the workers, their homes, and their families.

414

CONSOL Energy invests in West Virginia CTL plant  

SciTech Connect

Working with Synthesis Energy Systems (SES), America's leading bituminous coal producer assists with the engineering design package for a coal gasification and liquefaction plant to be located near Benwood in West Virginia. Coal will be converted to syngas using SES's proprietary U-GAS technology. The syngas is expected to be used to produce about 720,000 metric tons per year of methanol. The U-GAS technology is licensed from the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). The article explains how the GTI gasification process works. It is based on a surge-stage fluidised bed for production of low-to-medium calorific value synthesis gas from a variety of feedstocks, including coal. 2 figs.

NONE

2008-10-15

415

U.S. hydropower resource assessment for Virginia  

SciTech Connect

In June 1989, the US Department of Energy initiated the development of a National Energy Strategy to identify the energy resources available to support the expanding demand for energy in the US. Public hearings conducted as part of the strategy development process indicated that undeveloped hydropower resources were not well defined. As a result, the Department of Energy established an interagency Hydropower Resource Assessment Team to ascertain the undeveloped hydropower potential. In connection with these efforts by the Department of Energy, the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory designed the Hydropower Evaluation Software (HES), which has been used to perform a resource assessment of the undeveloped conventional hydropower potential in over 30 states. This report presents the results of the hydropower resource assessment for the State of Virginia. Undeveloped pumped storage hydropower potential is not included.

Conner, A.M.; Francfort, J.E.

1997-12-01

416

Late Cenozoic Reverse Faulting in the Fall Zone, Southeastern Virginia.  

PubMed

A set of en-echelon reverse faults cut Paleozoic metamorphosed igneous rocks of the Piedmont and overlying late Cenozoic sediments at the Old Hickory Heavy Mineral Deposit in the Fall Zone of southeastern Virginia. Diorite of the eastern Slate Belt was faulted over nearshore to shore-face deposits of the Pliocene Yorktown Formation. These NW-SE-striking faults experienced oblique dip-slip movement with a maximum displacement of up to 6 m on individual faults. Faults tip out along strike and are overlain by distinct cobble beds, suggesting that sediment deposition and faulting were contemporaneous. Deformation at Old Hickory may have been formed by reactivation of existing Paleozoic structures under a regionally extensive compressional stress field parallel to the modern one. PMID:10517887

Berquist Jr; Bailey

1999-11-01

417

Geologic Map of the Stafford Quadrangle, Stafford County, Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Introduction The Stafford 7.5-minute quadrangle, comprising approximately 55 square miles (142.5 square kilometers) of northeastern Virginia, is about 40 miles (mi) south of Washington, D.C. The region's main north-south transportation corridor, which connects Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Va., consists of Interstate 95, U.S. Highway 1, and the heavily used CSX and Amtrak railroads. Although the northern and eastern parts of the Stafford quadrangle have undergone extensive suburban development, the remainder of the area is still dominantly rural in character. The town of Stafford is the county seat. The Stafford 7.5-minute quadrangle is located in the Fredericksburg 30'x60' quadrangle, where information on the regional stratigraphy and structure is available from Mixon and others' (2000) geologic map and multichapter explanatory text. In addition to straddling the 'Fall Zone' boundary between the Appalachian Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal Plain provinces, this quadrangle contains the best preserved and best studied segment of the Stafford fault system, an important example of late Cenozoic faulting in eastern North America (Mixon and Newell, 1977). This 1:24,000-scale geologic map provides a detailed framework for interpreting and integrating topical studies of that fault system. Our geologic map integrates more than two decades of intermittent geologic mapping and related investigations by the authors in this part of the Virginia Coastal Plain. Earlier mapping in the Piedmont by Pavlides (1995) has been revised by additional detailed mapping in selected areas, particularly near Abel Lake and Smith Lake, and by field evaluation of selected contact relations.

Mixon, Robert B.; Pavlides, Louis; Horton, J. Wright, Jr.; Powars, David S.; Schindler, J. Stephen

2005-01-01

418

The Shapley Program 1985 - 1990: The Virginia Years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Shapley Program moved to the University of Virginia from the University of Delaware in the summer of 1985. Prior to moving to Charlottesville the program had been run by Harry Shipman. 1985 - 1986 was the year of Comet Halley, and it was also the year that the program reached its peak of visits made by the astronomical community. We scheduled 135 visits that year. Luckily, I was new on the job and didn't realize the effort that would be involved in coordinating that many visiting astronomers. One way or the other we got through the "big" year and, after consultation with the Council, established a maximum number of visits to be scheduled per year at 80. We maintained that number every year through the Virginia period. It was during this time that the office purchased its first computer and computerized the mailing list. We sent brochures to some 2,000 plus colleges and junior colleges throughout the US, Canada and Mexico. (regrettably, we never received a request form a Mexican school.) The fee charged to the school for each visit was \\75 per visit in the beginning and rose to \\200 per school by the end of the period. The rest of the costs of the program were borne by the Shapley Endowment Fund and the AAS Education Office. We waived the fee from a number of schools on request. In addition to being a Shapley Lecturer myself, I had the great pleasure during this period of receiving the many compliments about the program. There is no question that the Shapley Visiting Lectureships Program provides an excellent service to small colleges in both the US and Canada. Based on the reports of our success, the American Physical Society re-instituted their lecture program as did the American Optical Society.

Tolbert, C. R.

1998-05-01

419

Trophic transition in a lake on the Virginia coastal plain.  

PubMed

To examine possible connections between lake trophic status and runoff from surrounding subwatersheds, we determined patterns of sediment and nutrient deposition in a hypereutrophic, 16-ha impoundment on the Virginia coastal plain. Spatial survey of nutrients in surface sediments documented a strong correlation between total P and extractable Fe (r2 = 0.53). Elevated biogenic silica concentrations up to 0.25% by weight were measured in sections of the lake receiving perennial stream discharge. Sediment C to N ratios were > 20 in those same sections, suggesting a large allochthonous contribution to organic matter deposition. Sediment cores 0.9 to 2.3 m in length, representing 70 years of deposition, were analyzed to develop vertical profiles of changes in sediment and nutrient deposition in deltas downstream from two more-developed and three less-developed subwatersheds (with 49 and 9% commercial and residential development, respectively). The average sediment weight percent +/- standard deviation of biogenic silica (0.027 +/- 0.037 vs. 0.009 +/- 0.006%) and total P (0.040 +/- 0.025 vs. 0.024 +/- 0.019%) was significantly higher downstream of more-developed subwatersheds. Using elevated P loadings and biogenic silica deposition as proxies for algal production, transition of the lake to its current hypereutrophic state appears to have occurred in the last 70 yr. Changes in trophic status as revealed by sediment analysis of this small lake on the Virginia coastal plain reflect a common pattern of eutrophication observed for the entire Chesapeake Bay drainage basin. Analysis of sediments from stream deltas appears to be a reasonable strategy for identifying and targeting subwatershed areas needing better management of nutrient runoff that otherwise would lead to eutrophication of downstream waters. PMID:15074809

Pensa, Mellisa A; Chambers, Randolph M

2004-01-01

420

Networking: Evolution of a Computer Network for Higher Education in West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The West Virginia Network for Educational Telecomputing (WVNET) was formed in March 1975 and provides a full range of academic and administrative information processing services to fifteen State supported colleges and universities. This paper briefly revi...

W. A. Muth

1976-01-01

421

Deep Resistivity Results from North Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Missouri.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Surface resistivity measurements of Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rocks reveal that high resis-tt-tivities are not to be found in North Carolina, Pennsylvania, or in the vicinity of Farmville, Virginia or Merrill, Wisconsin. The Merrill, Wisconsin t...

H. S. Lahman P. Nelson

1964-01-01

422

76 FR 41739 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Determination of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Determination of Attainment and Determination of Clean Data for the Annual 1997 Fine Particle Standard for the Charleston Area AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed...

2011-07-15

423

Final Technical Report for Industrial Assessment Center at West Virginia University.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) program at West Virginia University (WVU), which is funded by the Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) in the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), has provided a ...

B. Gopalakrishnan

2008-01-01

424

Solar Project Cost Report for the Loudoun County Vocational-Technical Education Center, Leesburg, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The solar energy system for the Loudoun County School in Leesburg, Virginia provides solar preheating of the domestic hot water supply for the Charles S. Monroe Vocational-Technical School. The system utilizes 34 double glazed, liquid, flat plate collecto...

1979-01-01

425

Development of an Economic/Environmental Plan for Dents Run Watershed, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study was initiated to inventory environmental detriments, other than acid mine drainage pollution, in the Dents Run watershed near Morgantown, West Virginia and to recommend a plan for the correction of these problems. Plans were prepared for these s...

1973-01-01

426

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA-95-0318-2631, Alcatel Telecommunications Cable, Roanoke, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a confidential request from an employee, a health hazard evaluation was begun at Alcatel Telecommunications Cable (SIC-3357), Roanoke, Virginia. The employee expressed concerns over potential exposures during the operation of the Chemical V...

S. Salisbury

1997-01-01

427

77 FR 16937 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Regional Haze State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reasonable progress goals for other states to achieve reasonable progress at the two Class I Areas within West Virginia, Dolly Sods Wilderness Area and Otter Creek Wilderness Area. The specific requirements of the CAA and EPA's Regional Haze Rule and...

2012-03-23

428

40 CFR 81.57 - Eastern Tennessee-Southwestern Virginia Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Eastern Tennessee-Southwestern Virginia Interstate Air Quality Control Region. 81.57 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of...

2013-07-01

429

76 FR 79539 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Revised Motor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Revised Motor...rulemaking amended the maintenance plans' 2009 and 2018 motor vehicle...Wheeling Area (Marshall and Ohio Counties...10.4 9.1 Wheeling Area (Marshall and Ohio...

2011-12-22

430

33 CFR 110.168 - Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01... Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83). 110.168 Section 110.168 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

2013-07-01

431

78 FR 34972 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revision to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Revision to the Classification and Implementation of the 2008 Ozone National Ambient Air...characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the electronic...

2013-06-11

432

MARYLAND/VIRGINIA CHESAPEAKE BAY AND TRIBUTARIES PHYTOPLANKTON TAXONOMIC COUNT FILES (AND RELATED EVENT FILES)  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the Chesapeake Bay program Phytoplankton data has been collected by the Maryland Department of the Environment /Maryland Department of Natural Resources and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. Available datasets include: 1) Maryland Phytoplankton Taxonom...

433

MARYLAND/VIRGINIA CHESAPEAKE BAY AND TRIBUTARIES MICROZOOPLANKTON COUNT FILES (AND RELATED EVENT FILES)  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the Chesapeake Bay Program microzooplankton data has been collected by the Maryland Department of the Environment /Maryland Department of Natural Resources and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality since July 1984. Maryland Microzooplankton Count Files (and...

434

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA-94-0245-2577, Hanover Shoe Company, Franklin, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from an employee, an investigation was begun into ergonomic risk factors at Hanover Shoe (SIC-3143), Franklin, West Virginia. The request expressed concern over ergonomic conditions and corresponding symptoms including wrist, back...

N. C. Burton L. A. MacDonald C. F. Estill

1996-01-01

435

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: X Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: X Small, Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

436

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: X Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

437

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: XXX Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

438

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: XXX Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: X Small, Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

439

40 CFR 81.144 - Northeastern Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Northeastern Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.144 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.144...

2013-07-01

440

40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the area so delimited): In the State of Virginia: CountiesâAlleghany, Augusta, Bath, Botetourt, Clarke, Craig...Giles, Highland, Montgomery, Page, Pulaski, Roanoke, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Warren. Cities...

2013-07-01

441

40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the area so delimited): In the State of Virginia: CountiesâAlleghany, Augusta, Bath, Botetourt, Clarke, Craig...Giles, Highland, Montgomery, Page, Pulaski, Roanoke, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Warren. Cities...

2010-07-01

442

40 CFR 81.146 - Valley of Virginia Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of the area so delimited): In the State of Virginia: CountiesâAlleghany, Augusta, Bath, Botetourt, Clarke, Craig...Giles, Highland, Montgomery, Page, Pulaski, Roanoke, Rockbridge, Rockingham, Shenandoah, Warren. Cities...

2009-07-01

443

The Unit Plan for Managing the Cave Mountain Lake Unit, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Cave Mountain Lake Unit, Glenwood Ranger District, Jefferson National Forest is located in portions of Bedford, Botetourt, and Rockbridge counties, Virginia. The proposed plan includes the recommendation of classification of approximately 8800 acres t...

1973-01-01

444

78 FR 3028 - Final Environmental Impact Statement for General Management Plan, Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for General Management Plan, Blue Ridge Parkway, Virginia and North Carolina...the General Management Plan (GMP) for Blue Ridge Parkway (parkway). Consistent...contact Superintendent Phil Francis, Blue Ridge Parkway, 199 Hemphill Knob...

2013-01-15

445

77 FR 65520 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Amendments to West...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SIP) revision submitted by the State of West Virginia for the purpose of establishing amendments to Legislative Rule, 45 CSR 8--Ambient Air Quality Standards. In the Final Rules section of this Federal Register, EPA is approving the State's...

2012-10-29

446

78 FR 44884 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Update to Materials...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Update to Materials Incorporated by Reference AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...the materials that are incorporated by reference (IBR) into the West Virginia State...SIP materials which are incorporated by reference into 40 CFR part 52 are available...

2013-07-25

447

Planning-Level Methodology for Identifying High-Crash Sections of Virginia's Primary System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) has been developing safety performance functions (SPFs) as a way to identify sites with a potential for safety improvement more effectively. An SPF estimates the expected safety performance of a roadway as ...

A. Hamidi M. D. Fontaine M. J. Demetsky

2010-01-01

448

78 FR 70255 - West Virginia: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...West Virginia: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...you want to comment on this action, you must do so at this time. DATES: Send your written comments by December 26,...

2013-11-25

449

The Role of Community Colleges in Training Arborists To Care for Virginia's Urban Forests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the importance of urban forests and the urban forestry (arboculture) career study certificate program at Blue Ridge Community College in Virginia, which begins in fall 2002. (Contains 19 references.) (NB)

Murray, Joseph

2002-01-01

450

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment, United States Postal Service Operations, Merrifield, Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the findings of the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment of the United States Postal Service, Northern Virginia Facilities: Engineering Research and Development (ERD), Processing and Distribution Center (PDC) and Vehicle Maint...

C. O. Bell M. Hoel H. Huppert J. Nuckels

1996-01-01

451

Stabilization of Soft Clay Subgrades in Virginia: Phase I Laboratory Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many pavement subgrades in Virginia consist of wet, highly plastic clay or other troublesome soils. Such soils can be treated with traditional lime and cement stabilization methods. Alternatives, including lignosulfonates and polymers, are available, but ...

C. M. Geiman G. M. Filz T. L. Brandon

2005-01-01

452

Occurrence and Distribution of Human Bacterial Pathogens in Virginia Surface Waters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study surveyed the year-round occurrence and distribution of coliforms, fecal coliforms, total bacteria, and atypical mycobacteria detected from fresh, brackish, and marine waters in Virginia. The study also sought to evaluate the effectiveness of sam...

S. L. Wendt B. C. Parker J. O. Falkinham

1979-01-01

453

78 FR 14022 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...rule to comply with a court order that has the effect of reinstating the removal of the Virginia northern flying squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) from the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA),...

2013-03-04

454

Impact of Economic Risks on Box Culvert Designs--on Application to 22 Virginia Sites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report demonstrates the results of a preliminary effort to incorporate economic risks into culvert design and to relate this economic design to conventional design practice for 22 culvert sites in Virginia. Economic design is defined as the minimum an...

G. K. Young M. R. Childrey

1974-01-01

455

33 CFR 110.168 - Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01... Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83). 110.168 Section 110.168 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

2012-07-01

456

33 CFR 110.168 - Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01... Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83). 110.168 Section 110.168 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

2010-07-01

457

33 CFR 110.168 - Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01... Hampton Roads, Virginia and adjacent waters (Datum: NAD 83). 110.168 Section 110.168 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF...

2011-07-01

458

75 FR 8292 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Virginia; Opacity Source...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...629 East Main Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Maria A. Pino, (215) 814-2181, or by e-mail at pino.maria@epa.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: For further information on this action,...

2010-02-24

459

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 90-0249-2381, Blaw Knox Rolls, Inc., Wheeling, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the United Steelworkers of America, Local 3096, an investigation was begun into workplace exposures at the Blaw Knox facility (SIC-3321), Wheeling, West Virginia. The foundry produced rolls for both ferrous and nonferrous rol...

J. E. Burkhart D. Paek P. Jajosky

1994-01-01

460

SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA Adult T-Shirt (Size: XX Large)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

White, short sleeve, 100% cotton T-shirt imprinted with SCIENCE MATTERS in VIRGINIA on the front, and NSTA logo on back. Available in Adult sizes: X Small, Small, Medium, Large, X Large, XX Large, and XXX Large.

1900-01-01

461

76 FR 56975 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Revised Motor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Parkersburg, Weirton, and Wheeling 8-Hour Ozone Maintenance Areas AGENCY: Environmental...Virginia. The revision amends the 8-hour ozone maintenance plans for the Charleston...Parkersburg, Weirton, and Wheeling 8-hour ozone maintenance areas. This...

2011-09-15

462

76 FR 28393 - Proposed Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plan; Ohio and West Virginia; Determinations of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cleveland-Akron, Columbus, Dayton-Springfield, and Steubenville-Weirton (hereafter...Cleveland-Akron, the Columbus, and the Dayton- Springfield areas) and one Ohio-West Virginia...Cleveland-Akron, Columbus, Dayton-Springfield, and Steubenville-Weirton areas...

2011-05-17

463

76 FR 56641 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Ohio and West Virginia...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cleveland- Akron, Columbus, Dayton-Springfield, and Steubenville-Weirton (hereafter...Cleveland-Akron, the Columbus, and the Dayton-Springfield areas) and one Ohio-West Virginia...Cleveland-Akron, Columbus, Dayton-Springfield, and Steubenville-...

2011-09-14

464

Rotunda of University of Virginia, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DNAi location: Chronicle>Trial of Carrie Buck>prologue The rotunda of the University of Virginia, designed by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson's monument is widely considered a symbol of freedom, and the American dream for human rights.

2008-10-06

465

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 94-0293-2559, Fanelli Boys and Associates, Parkersburg, West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a confidential request, an investigation was begun into possible hazardous working conditions at Fanelli Boys and Associates (SIC-3861), Parkerburg, West Virginia. Chest pain, eye irritation, skin rash, nasal problems, and deposits of black...

M. Canham, G. Kullman, E. Knutti

1996-01-01

466

Health Hazard Evaluation Report MHETA 87-193-1865, Clarksburg Publishing Company, Clarksburg, West Virginia,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from employees at the Clarksburg Publishing Company (SIC-9441), Clarksburg, West Virginia, a study was made of work related health complaints at their Exponet Telegram Building (ETB). Particular attention was given to employees re...

G. J. Kullman

1987-01-01

467

78 FR 44487 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; West Virginia; Redesignation of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

EPA is issuing a supplement to its proposed approval of the State of West Virginia's request to redesignate the West Virginia portion of the Wheeling, WV-OH fine particulate matter (PM2.5) nonattainment area (Wheeling Area or Area) to attainment for the 1997 annual PM2.5 national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS). This supplemental proposal revises and expands the basis......

2013-07-24

468

An index of geophysical well logging in Virginia by the U.S. Geological Survey  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geophysical logs have been obtained in more than 170 wells in Virginia by the U.S. Geological Survey since 1968. These logs include natural gamma, electric, caliper, temperature, fluid conductivity, and fluid velocity. Most of the logs are for wells in the Coastal Plain Province of eastern Virginia. Geophysical logs aid in the interpretation of properties of earth materials, including the capacity to store and transmit water in the immediate vicinity of the well bore.

Mulheren, M. Patrick.; Larson, J. D.; Hopkins, Herbert T.

1982-01-01

469

Role of debris flows in long-term landscape denudation in the central Appalachians of Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four major storms that triggered debris flows in the Virginia-West Virginia Appala- chians provide new insights into the role of high-magnitude, low-frequency floods in long- term denudation and landscape evolution in mountainous terrain. Storm denudation in the Blue Ridge Mountain drainage basins is approximately an order of magnitude greater compared to basins located in the mountains of the Valley and

Louis Scott Eaton; Benjamin A. Morgan; R. Craig Kochel; Alan D. Howard

2003-01-01

470

Cretaceous anuran and dinosaur footprints from the Patuxent Formation of Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Footprints of an anuran (gen. et sp. indet.), a theropod dinosaur (Megalosauropus sp.), and an ornithopod dinosaur (Amblydactylus sp.) have been recovered from the Lower Cretaceous Patuxent Formation in Stafford County, Virginia. These footprints are the first record of terrestrial vertebrates from Cretaceous strata in Virginia, and their discovery suggests that the scarcity of bones and teeth in the Patuxent probably is an artifact of preservation. The anuran trackway provides the oldest known direct evidence for hopping locomotion among these amphibians.

Weems, R. E.; Bachman, J. M.

1997-01-01

471

Phosphate Removal Capacity of Palustrine Forested Wetlands and Adjacent Uplands in Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

the Virginia CP. The majority were PFO1As and PFO1Cs — bottomland hardwood forests with relatively We examined the ability of soils in six nontidal palustrine forested short hydroperiods (i.e., temporarily or seasonally wetlands (PFOs) in Virginia's Piedmont (PD) and Coastal Plain (CP) (n 5 3 per physiographic province) to remove dissolved inorganic P flooded; Cowardin et al., 1979) along lower-order

J. R. Axt; M. R. Walbridge

1999-01-01

472

Green Jobs Strategy and the Transition to the Low-Carbon Economy in Northern Virginia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at Arlington County Virginia’s efforts to become more economically competitive, energy efficient, sustainable and emit fewer greenhouse gases. It reviews the county’s experiences in the creation of green jobs to accelerate deployment of energy efficient and low-carbon technologies, practices and policies. The paper also looks at the impacts on the overall attractiveness of the community as a

Peter Garforth; Dale Medearis

2011-01-01

473

Digital Data Set of Orchards Where Arsenical Pesticides Were Likely Used in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia, and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Fact Sheet provides information on a digital data set that identifies orchard areas under cultivation between the 1920s and 1960s in Clarke and Frederick Counties, Virginia and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties, West Virginia. The apple orchards in these areas likely used arsenical pesticides during this time. The digital data set can be used in a geographic information system (GIS) to identify where elevated arsenic and lead concentrations may be present in soils. The digital data set, the associated metadata, and the related files are available on the World Wide Web at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1330/shapefile/.

Reed, Bradley W.; Larkins, Peter; Robinson, Gilpin R., Jr.

2006-01-01

474

Historical Zinc Smelting in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., with Estimates of Atmospheric Zinc Emissions and Other Materials  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The metallurgical industry can be broadly divided into metal production from feedstock consisting of primary and secondary sources. Primary production refers to the extraction of metal derived from ores and concentrates. Secondary production refers to the recovery of metal from materials such as alloys, electric arc furnace dust, ingots, and scrap. The foci of this study are the histories of selected pyrometallurgical plants that treated mostly primary zinc feedstock and the atmospheric emissions, primarily zinc, generated by those plants during the course of producing zinc and zinc oxide in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C.

Bleiwas, Donald I.; DiFrancesco, Carl

2010-01-01

475

Crop, Forestry, and Manure Residue Inventory: Continental United States. Volume 4. South Atlantic Including: Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is one of eight similar data packages that make up a national residue inventory summarizing annual agricultural wastes generated in the nine census regions within the continental United States. The inventory is based upon data available thro...

1976-01-01

476

Tissue distribution of quetiapine in 20 cases in Virginia.  

PubMed

Quetiapine fumarate (Seroquel) is a dibenzothiazepine psychotropic agent that was introduced in 1997 for treating psychoses. Quetiapine is being found with increasing frequency in postmortem cases in Virginia. We report the postmortem results and histories of 20 quetiapine cases from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner in Virginia covering the period 1999 through 2004. Quetiapine was extracted from blood using a basic drug solid-phase extraction (SPE) and identified by full scan electron impact gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Quetiapine quantification was accomplished by forming the trimethylsilyl derivative with bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoracetamide/trimethylchlorosilane and using selected ion monitoring GC-MS. The quetiapine trimethylsilyl derivative ions acquired were m/z 210, 239, and 322. Methapyrilene was the internal standard, and ions m/z 97 and 58 were monitored. The method was linear from 0.1 to 5.0 mg/L with a limit of quantitation of 0.1 mg/L. The quetiapine mean and range of concentrations found in each tissue are as follows: peripheral blood, 7.7 mg/L (0.14-37 mg/L, n = 17); heart blood, 23.63 mg/L (0.53-76 mg/L, n = 4); liver, 91 mg/Kg (1.1-510 mg/Kg, n = 19); bile, 44 mg/L (6.0-96 mg/L, n = 4); urine, 15 mg/L (1.9-37 mg/L, n = 8); gastric, 897 mg total (3.5-3960 mg, n = 7); and vitreous, 1.4 mg/L (0.2-3.2 mg/L, n = 5). The average of all blood concentrations in 18 cases in which quetiapine contributed to the cause of death was 7.95 mg/L (0.4-76 mg/L). The manner of death in 13 of those cases was suicide, two were undetermined, and three were accidents. In two cases in which quetiapine was an incidental finding, the blood concentrations were 0.14 and 1.0 mg/L. Quetiapine and other toxicological findings are presented with the cause and manner of death to assist in interpreting future quetiapine findings in postmortem samples. PMID:16803670

Flammia, Dwight D; Valouch, Tara; Venuti, Susan

2006-05-01

477

Volume rendering  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique for rendering images of volumes containing mixtures of materials is presented. The shading model allows both the interior of a material and the boundary between materials to be colored. Image projection is performed by simulating the absorption of light along the ray path to the eye. The algorithms used are designed to avoid artifacts caused by aliasing and

Robert A. Drebin; Loren C. Carpenter; Pat Hanrahan

1988-01-01

478

Predicting premature mortality from new power plant development in Virginia.  

PubMed

The authors estimated the number of premature deaths from particulate matter less than 2.5 microm (PM2.5) that would result from making 29 proposed fossil fuel power plants in Virginia operational. We used a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency air quality model (Climatological Regional Dispersion model) to calculate changes in ambient concentrations of PM2.5 and Cox proportional hazard modeling to calculate the resulting premature mortality. The model predicted that if all 29 plants were operational, PM2.5 concentrations would rise in 271 counties across 19 states 5 and increased average annual PM2.5 concentrations would result in a rate of 17 deaths per 37,900,026 people aged 30 yr and older (0.45 deaths per million, 95% confidence interval = 0.31, 0.59) per year by the end of 2004, increasing thereafter. Over a 6 yr period, 104 cumulative excess deaths would occur due to operations of these proposed plants. The authors recommend that precautionary principles be considered when policy decisions related to energy production from fossil fuels are made. PMID:16425664

Hermann, Richard P; Divita, Frank; Lanier, Jack O

2004-10-01

479

Evolution of the Pinatubo volcanic cloud over Hampton, Virginia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The eruption of Mt. Pinatubo in June 1991 produced the largest enhancement of stratospheric aerosol loading ever observed by lidar over Hampton, Virginia. Low altitude layers (less than 20 km) were the first to arrive over Hampton in early August, the result of transport associated with a tropospheric anticyclonic cell over North America. The maximum peak scattering ratio, 34 at 22.4 km, and the maximum stratospheric integrated backscatter of 0.0053 sr(exp -1), both at 694 nm, observed since the eruption were measured on February 20, 1992. After decreasing during the spring and summer of 1992, the aerosol burden increased significantly during the winter of 1992-93, evidence of a poleward winter transport from the equatorial reservoir. Over the period from February 1992 to February 1994, the stratospheric aerosol loading decreased with an average 1/e decay time of 10.1 months. The vertical distribution, intensity, and transport of Pinatubo aerosols over this site are described and compared with similar measurements after El Chichon.

Osborn, Mary T.; Decoursey, Robert J.; Trepte, Charles R.; Winkler, David M.; Woods, David C.

1995-01-01

480

Straight talk with...Miyoung Chun. Interview by Virginia Hughes.  

PubMed

It was a single tweet. In February, after US President Barack Obama made a subtle nod to a new neuroscience project in his annual State of the Union address, Francis Collins, director of the country's National Institutes of Health (NIH), posted on the @NIHDirector Twitter feed: "Obama mentions the #NIH Brain Activity Map in #SOTU." Instantly, scientists were buzzing with rumors that the Brain Activity Map could be the next moon shot, with a budget and timeline similar to the Human Genome Project. The brain map began as a brief white paper and has grown into a large--and still largely undefined--collaboration of several government agencies, nonprofit foundations and private companies. As the stakeholders describe in a commentary published last month (339, 1284-1285, 2013), the goal of the initiative is to understand how thousands of neurons work in concert to control behavior and trigger disease. Miyoung Chun, vice president for science programs at The Kavli Foundation in Oxnard, California, has been developing the project since the beginning and is the self-described "glue" between its many diverse stakeholders. Chun spoke with Virginia Hughes about the evolution of the project and what it might mean for biomedicine. PMID:23558614

Chun, Miyoung

2013-04-01

481

The 3D Elevation Program: summary for Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Elevation data are essential to a broad range of applications, including forest resources management, wildlife and habitat management, national security, recreation, and many others. For the Commonwealth of Virginia, elevation data are critical for urban and regional planning, natural resources conservation, flood risk management, agriculture and precision farming, resource mining, infrastructure and construction management, and other business uses. Today, high-quality light detection and ranging (lidar) data are the sources for creating elevation models and other elevation datasets. Federal, State, and local agencies work in partnership to (1) replace data, on a national basis, that are (on average) 30 years old and of lower quality and (2) provide coverage where publicly accessible data do not exist. A joint goal of State and Federal partners is to acquire consistent, statewide coverage to support existing and emerging applications enabled by lidar data. The new 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) initiative, managed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), responds to the growing need for high-quality topographic data and a wide range of other three-dimensional representations of the Nation’s natural and constructed features.

Carswell, William J., Jr.

2013-01-01

482

Virginia USA Water Quality, 1978 to 1995: Regional Interpretation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nine surface water-quality variables were analyzed for trend at 180 Virginia locations over the 1978 to 1995 period. Median values and seasonal Kendall's tau, a trend indicator statistic, were generated for dissolved oxygen saturation (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), pH (PH), total residue (TR), nonfilterable residue (NFR), nitrate-nitrite nitrogen (NN), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), total phosphorus (TP), and fecal coliform (FC) at each location. Each location was assigned to one of four physiographic regions, and mean state and regional medians and taus were calculated. Widespread BOD and NFR improvements were detected and FC improvements occurred in the state's western regions. TR and TKN exhibited predominantly increasing trends at locations throughout the state. BOD, TKN, NFR, and TR medians were higher at coastal locations than in other regions. NN, TKN, and TR exhibited predominantly increasing trends in regions with high median concentrations, while declining trends predominated in regions with relatively high BOD, FC, and NFR medians. Appalachian locations exhibited the greatest regional water-quality improvements for BOD, FC, NFR, and TKN. Factors responsible for regional differences appear to include geology, land use, and landscape features; these factors vary regionally.

Zipper, Carl E.; Holtzman, Golde I.; Darken, Patrick F.; Gildea, Jason J.; Stewart, Roger E.

2002-06-01

483

The Quest for Community in a National Republic: A Bicentennial Reappraisal. Final Report and Keynote Address, Virginia Assembly (Richmond, Virginia, April 8-10, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Virginia Assembly document focuses on the concept of community as defined by the Founding Fathers of the U.S. Constitution. The final report identifies and discusses problems related to the modern quest for community in a national republic. Recommendations by the Assembly are offered in eight areas: (1) civic responsibility; (2) corporate…

Virginia Univ., Charlottesville. Center for Public Service.

484

Plasmodium-infected Anopheles mosquitoes collected in Virginia and Maryland following local transmission of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Loudoun County, Virginia.  

PubMed

Two recent outbreaks of locally acquired, mosquito-transmitted malaria in Virginia in 1998 and 2002 demonstrate the continued risk of endemic mosquito-transmitted malaria in heavily populated areas of the eastern United States. Increasing immigration, growth in global travel, and the presence of competent anopheline vectors throughout the eastern United States contribute to the increasing risk of malaria importation and transmission. On August 23 and 25, 2002, Plasmodium vivax malaria was diagnosed in 2 teenagers in Loudoun County, Virginia. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) deemed these cases to be locally acquired because of the lack of risk factors for malaria, such as international travel, blood transfusion, organ transplantation, or needle sharing. The patients lived approximately 0.5 mi apart; however, 1 patient reported numerous visits to friends who lived directly across the street from the other patient. Two Anopheles quadrimaculatus s.l. female pools collected in Loudoun County, Virginia, and 1 An. punctipennis female pool collected in Fairfax County, Virginia, tested positive for P. vivax 210 with the VecTest panel assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In addition, 2 An. quadrimaculatus s.l. female pools collected in Montgomery, Maryland, tested positive for P. vivax 210. The CDC confirmed these initial results with the circumsporozoite ELISA. The authors believe that this is the 1st demonstration of Plasmodium-infected mosquitoes collected in association with locally acquired human malaria in the United States since the current national malaria surveillance system began in 1957. PMID:16033121

Robert, Leon L; Santos-Ciminera, Patricia D; Andre, Richard G; Schultz, George W; Lawyer, Phillip G; Nigro, Joseph; Masuoka, Penny; Wirtz, Robert A; Neely, John; Gaines, David; Cannon, Charles E; Pettit, Denise; Garvey, Carol W; Goodfriend, David; Roberts, Donald R

2005-06-01

485

A Report on Child Care in West Virginia. West Virginia Kids Count Data Book: 1999 County Profiles of Child Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of West Virginia's children. Following a summary which describes overall findings, the bulk of the report presents the statistical portrait, based on 12 indicators of well-being: (1) percent low birth weight babies; (2) infant mortality rate; (3) child death rate; (4)…

West Virginia Kids Count Fund, Charleston.

486

Report on Child Poverty in West Virginia. West Virginia Kids Count Data Book: 1998 County Profiles of Child Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines statewide and county trends in the well-being of West Virginia's children. Following a summary which describes overall findings, the bulk of the report presents the statistical portrait, based on 12 indicators of well-being: (1) percent of low birth weight babies; (2) infant mortality rate; (3) child death rate;…

West Virginia Kids Count Fund, Charleston.

487

Survival and growth of hardwoods in brown versus gray sandstone on a surface mine in West Virginia.  

PubMed

Surface mining in West Virginia removes the eastern deciduous forest and reclaiming the mined land to a productive forest must consider soil depth, soil physical and chemical properties, soil compaction, ground cover competition, and tree species selection. Our objective was to evaluate tree survival and growth in weathered brown sandstone and in unweathered gray sandstone. Brown and gray sandstone are often substituted when insufficient native topsoil is available for replacement. Three 2.8-ha plots were constructed with either 1.5 or 1.2 m of brown sandstone, or 1.5 m of gray sandstone at the surface. Half of each plot was compacted with a large dozer. Percent fines (<2 mm) in the upper 20 cm was 61% for brown sandstone and 34% in gray. Brown sandstone's pH was 5.1, while gray sandstone's pH was around 8.0. In March 2005, 2-yr-old seedlings of 11 hardwood species were planted. After 3 yr, tree survival was 86% on 1.5-m gray sandstone, 67% on 1.5-m brown sandstone, and 82% on 1.2-m brown sandstone. Survival was 78% on noncompacted and 79% on compacted areas. Average volume of all trees (height x diameter(2)) was significantly greater on brown sandstone (218 cm(3)) than gray sandstone (45 cm(3)) after 3 yr. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) had the highest survival (100%) and significantly greater volume (792 cm(3)) than all other tree species. Survival of the other 10 species varied between 65% for tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) and 92% for redbud (Cercis canadensis L.), and volume varied between 36 cm(3) for white pine (Pinus strobes L.) and 175 cm(3) for tulip poplar. After 3 yr, brown sandstone appears to be a better topsoil material due to the much greater growth of trees, but tree growth over time as these topsoils weather will determine whether these trends continue. PMID:19643747

Emerson, P; Skousen, J; Ziemkiewicz, P

2009-01-01

488

Trenton Limestone fracture reservoirs in Lee County, southwestern Virginia  

SciTech Connect

The search for the elusive fracture-type oil and gas reservoirs in southwestern Virginia's Lee County has continued intermittently since the opening of the Rose Hill oil field in 1942. Tests as early as 1910 were based on surface oil seeps. Charles Butts, a pioneer Appalachian geologist, recognized several windows eroded through the Pine Mountain thrust plate. Three Lee County oil fields were developed within or near these windows, but a recent increase in drilling has expanded onto the overthrust sheet. The Ben Hur oil field, 16 mi (26 km) northeast of the Rose Hill pool, was opened in 1963. Since 1981, a burst of exploration has enlarged these two fields and added one new oil field and the first commercial gas well. Production is obtained principally from a nonporous biomicrite with secondary fracturing, which is locally intense. From 1943 to 1980, 42 wells recorded production of nearly 123,000 bbl or about 3000 bbl/well. Since 1981, increased oil prices created heightened interest in Lee County drilling, which resulted in production of 128,112 bbl of oil in a 3-yr span, more than during the previous 39 yr. The Trenton Limestone is generally 400-500 ft (122-152 m) thick, and production has been obtained at depths between 1300 and 2500 ft (396 and 762 m). The fracture identification log run by Schlumberger has proven quite useful, but oil shows are also readily noted while air drilling. Many wells respond to an acid-frac stimulation. Exploration for the more highly fractured reservoir areas is presently frustrating, and logical geologic concepts have not replaced plain good luck.

Bartlett, C.S. Jr.

1984-12-01

489

Chemical characteristics in some southwest Virginia mine soils  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study of the chemical characteristics of mine soils derived from the Wise formation in Southwest Virginia was undertaken using a number of standard techniques. The mine soils studied ranged in age from 4 to 20 years, and were derived from sandstones and siltstones high in carbonates and iron. The wet acid-dichromate digestion organic matter technique often yields questionably high values in mine soils. In order to evaluate the effects of coal fragments on this technique the authors added coal fragments to a standard mine soil. The coal contents were varied from 1% to 10% of soil weight. The size of the coal fragments was varied from 0.05 to 2mm. Coal particles finer than 0.1mm affected the procedure, but were not completely oxidized. Larger, visible coal fragments had no effect on measured organic matter content. In these soils, KCl exchangeable acidity accounts for only a fraction of the total soil acidity determined by potentiometric titrations. As a result, high base saturation (>80%) is often associated with comparatively low pH values (<5.7). Organic matter, fine coal fragments and iron compounds are significant contributors to soil acidity in these systems. Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) measurements which sum exchangeable bases and BaCl/sub 2/ - TEA acidity (titrated to pH 8.2) seriously overestimate the effective CEC of these soils. Dilute double acid (0.025 N H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/ + 0.05 N HCl) dissolves carbonates during extraction procedures and seriously overestimates plant available P. Bicarbonate (HCO/sub 3//sup -/) is an effective extractant of readily available P in these soil systems. Available P is quite low in these soils, even immediately after fertilization. The high P fixation potential of iron-rich mine soils is likely to be a serious limitation over time.

Daniels, W.L.; Amos, D.F.

1982-12-01

490

Hydrogeologic Controls on Lake Level at Mountain Lake, Virginia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mountain Lake in Giles County, Virginia has a documented history of severe natural lake-level changes involving groundwater seepage that extend over the past 4200 years. Featured in the 1986 movie Dirty Dancing, the natural lake dried up completely in September 2008 and levels have not yet recovered. A hydrogeologic investigation was undertaken in an effort to determine the factors influencing lake level changes. A daily water balance, dipole-dipole electrical resistivity surveying, well logging and chemical sampling have shed light on: 1) the influence of a fault not previously discussed in literature regarding the lake, 2) the seasonal response to precipitation of a forested first-order drainage system in fractured rock, and 3) the possibility of flow pathways related to karst features. Geologic controls on lake level were investigated using several techniques. Geophysical surveys using dipole-dipole resistivity located possible subsurface flowpaths both to and from the lake. Well logs, lineament analysis, and joint sampling were used to assess structural controls on lake hydrology. Major ions were sampled at wells, springs, streams, and the lake to evaluate possible mixing of different sources of water in the lake. Groundwater levels were monitored for correlation to lake levels, rainfall events, and possible seismic effects. The hydrology of the lake was quantified with a water balance on a daily time step. Results from the water balance indicate steady net drainage and significant recharge when vegetation is dormant, particularly during rain-on-snow melt events. The resistivity survey reveals discrete areas that represent flow pathways from the lake, as well as flowpaths to springs upgradient of the lake located in the vicinity of the fault. The survey also suggests that some flowpaths may originate outside of the topographic watershed of the lake. Chemical evidence indicates karst may underlie the lakebed. Historical data suggest that artificial intervention to mitigate seepage would be required for lake level recovery in the near future.

Roningen, J. M.; Burbey, T. J.

2011-12-01

491

Diets of nestling gull-billed terns in coastal Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We studied the diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns (Sterna nilotica) at colonies in coastal Virginia during the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996 as part of a long-term study of the species. No previous quantitative assessments had been made of diets of this species anywhere along the Atlantic Coast, and only a few observations had been reported from other coastal areas in the southern United States. During 80 h of observations over the two seasons, 757 feeding observations were made, primarily at two colony sites. We examined how prey type (fish, marine invertebrates, terrestrial prey) and size were influenced by year, tide cycle, season (early and late) and age of the young (small chicks 7 d). We did not find significant year differences, but all other factors revealed statistically significant results. Older (>7 d) chicks were fed relatively more terrestrial and marine invertebrate prey than were younger chicks. In June (early season), fewer fish and terrestrial prey were fed to chicks than later (July-August). Most prey were less than one bill length in size, with the majority of the smallest prey being marine invertebrates. Tide cycle influenced prey delivered with terrestrial prey becoming relatively more important during high and ebb periods than during low and flood tides when aquatic prey dominated. The major marine invertebrate prey taken was the fiddler crab (Uca spp.). Terrestrial prey consisted mostly of large odonates and orthopterans. Unlike earlier reports from Europe, we found no regurgitated food pellets in any of the colonies in either year. This study confirms that the Gull-billed Tern is an extremely opportunistic feeder and has adapted to a variety of habitats, helping to explain its cosmopolitan distribution.

Erwin, R.M.; Eyler, T.B.; Hatfield, J.S.; McGary, S.

1998-01-01

492

Diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns in coastal Virginia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We studied the diets of nestling Gull-billed Terns (Sterna nilotica) at colonies in coastal Virginia during the breeding seasons of 1995 and 1996 as part of a long-term study of the species. No previous quantitative assessments had been made of diets of this species anywhere along the Atlantic Coast, and only a few observations had been reported from other coastal areas in the southern United States. During 80 h of observations over the two seasons, 757 feeding observations were made, primarily at two colony sites. We examined how prey type (fish, marine invertebrates, terrestrial prey) and size were influenced by year, tide cycle, season (early and late) and age of the young (small chicks 7 d). We did not find significant year differences, but all other factors revealed statistically significant results. Older (>7 d) chicks were fed relatively more terrestrial and marine invertebrate prey than were younger chicks. In June (early season), fewer fish and terrestrial prey were fed to chicks than later (July-August). Most prey were less than one bill length in size, with the majority of the smallest prey being marine invertebrates. Tide cycle influenced prey delivered with terrestrial prey becoming relatively more important during high and ebb periods than during low and flood tides when aquatic prey dominated. The major marine invertebrate prey taken was the fiddler crab (Uca spp.). Terrestrial prey consisted mostly of large odonates and orthopterans. Unlike earlier reports from Europe, we found no regurgitated food pellets in any of the colonies in either year. This study confirms that the Gull-billed Tern is an extremely opportunistic feeder and has adapted to a variety of habitats, helping to explain its cosmopolitan distribution.

Erwin, R. M.; Eyler, T. B.; Hatfield, J. S.; McGary, S.

1998-01-01

493

Creating an environment for caring using lean principles of the Virginia Mason Production System.  

PubMed

As healthcare leaders search for viable options to cut costs, increase efficiencies, and improve the product that they offer to customers, many are looking at different business models to adopt. At the same time, an aging workforce of nurses feel the pressure of being overworked and understaffed, resulting in both decreased job and patient satisfaction. Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle, Wash, has implemented the Virginia Mason Production System, using proven concepts adapted from the Toyota Production System that effectively eliminate "muda" or waste, in workplace processes. The authors discuss the application of the Virginia Mason Production System and how it has resulted in increased time for nurses to care for their patients. PMID:17563521

Nelson-Peterson, Dana L; Leppa, Carol J

2007-06-01

494

The Diary, Correspondence, and Papers of Robert "King" Carter of Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 18th century Virginia, Robert "King" Carter owned over 300,000 acres containing many farms and plantations as well as some 1,000 slaves to work those plantations. He was a member of the Council of Virginia and was acting governor of the state for a time. He received a classical education in England, and corresponded widely both within the colony and with merchants overseas. His correspondence was transcribed and digitized by Edmund Berkeley, Jr., former director of special collections at the University of Virginia Library, and put online by the staff at UVA's Electronic Text center. Users can read and search the transcribed texts (in either original or modernized spelling) as well as read a brief biography of Carter and notes on people and places frequently cited in the text letters and diaries. The letters run from 1702-1720 and the diaries are from 1722-1723.

Berkeley, Edmund, 1937-

495

Digital playback and improved trap design enhance capture of migrant soras and Virginia rails  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We used playback of rail vocalizations and improved trap design to enhance capture of fall migrant Soras (Porzana carolina) and Virginia Rails (Rallus limicola) in marshes bordering the tidal Patuxent River, Maryland. Custom-fabricated microchip message repeating sound systems provided digitally recorded sound for long-life, high-quality playback. A single sound system accompanied each 30-45 m long drift fence trap line fitted with 1-3 cloverleaf traps. Ramped funnel entrances improved retention of captured rails and deterred raccoon (Procyon lotor) predation. Use of playback and improved trap design increased trap success by over an order of magnitude and resulted in capture and banding of 2315 Soras and 276 Virginia Rails during September and October 1993-1997. The Sora captures more than doubled the banding records for the species in North America. This capture success demonstrates the efficacy of banding large numbers of Soras and Virginia Rails on migration and winter concentration areas.

Kearns, G.D.; Kwartin, N.B.; Brinker, D.F.; Haramis, G.M.

1998-01-01

496

Comparison of Virginia's 2010 English Standards of Learning with the Common Core State Standards for English and Literacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Comparison of Virginia's 2010 English Standards of Learning (SOL) with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for English Language Arts and Literacy (ELAL)" provides a side-by-side overview demonstrating how the 2010 English SOL are aligned to the CCSS for ELAL. The comparison was made using Virginia's complete standards program for…

Virginia Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

497

Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief document summarizes findings from "Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104." Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, the report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic…

Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

2011-01-01

498

Potential for utilizing industrial wastes and by-products in construction of transportation facilities in Virginia. Part I. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report constitutes: (a) a survey to determine the availability in Virginia of waste materials or by-products that may have a potential for use in highway construction, (b) a summary of published literature concerning the use of waste materials, and (c) a review of current and previous experimental projects and research in Virginia involving the use of waste materials. It

1979-01-01

499

Population Penetration Rates by City and County, Fall Term 1994. Virginia Community College System Research Report Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Virginia Community College System (VCCS) conducted a study of Fall 1994 city and county population penetration rates, or the percentages of residents served by VCCS colleges. The penetration rate was determined by examining headcount as a percentage of the total population based on 1990 and 1995 projections developed by the Virginia Employment…

McHewitt, Earl R.

500

High School Predictors of College Readiness: Determinants of Developmental Course Enrollment and Second-Year Postsecondary Persistence in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, the Virginia Board of Education directed the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) to study academic indicators that are associated with high school students' successful preparation for college and careers. VDOE then embarked on a multi-year effort to identify available data sources and conduct research on high school indicators that…

Garland, Marshall; LaTurner, Jason; Herrera, Angelica Ware; Ware, Anne; Jonas, Deborah; Dougherty, Chrys

2011-01-01