Science.gov

Sample records for radio broadcasting

  1. Radio broadcasting via satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helm, Neil R.; Pritchard, Wilbur L.

    1990-10-01

    Market areas offering potential for future narrowband broadcast satellites are examined, including international public diplomacy, government- and advertising-supported, and business-application usages. Technical issues such as frequency allocation, spacecraft types, transmission parameters, and radio receiver characteristics are outlined. Service and system requirements, advertising revenue, and business communications services are among the economic issues discussed. The institutional framework required to provide an operational radio broadcast service is studied, and new initiatives in direct broadcast audio radio systems, encompassing studies, tests, in-orbit demonstrations of, and proposals for national and international commercial broadcast services are considered.

  2. Educational Broadcasting--Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahamed, Uvais; Grimmett, George

    This manual is intended for those who must conduct educational radio broadcasting training courses in Asia-Pacific countries without the resources of experienced personnel, as well as for individuals to use in self-learning situations. The selection of material has been influenced by the need to use broadcasting resources effectively in programs…

  3. International Radio Broadcasting: Who Listens?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Donald R.

    It is difficult to obtain reliable data on the nature of the audience for international broadcast programs in Asia (e.g., those beamed by the Voice of America or Radio Japan). However, analysis of listener mail and some survey research have provided a fairly clear profile of the audience: young (ages 15-34), well educated, urban, male (but with a…

  4. Broadcast Management: Radio; Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quaal, Ward L.; Martin, Leo A.

    After outlining the qualities necessary in a good radio or television manager, the book describes his duties which fall in three major areas: programming, engineering, and sales. It discusses the relationship between the station and its audience in detail. Sections on radio and television programming describe the way most stations operate and…

  5. Direct Broadcast Satellite: Radio Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1992-01-01

    NASA is committed to providing technology development that leads to the introduction of new commercial applications for communications satellites. The Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Program is a joint effort between The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and The United States Information Agency/Voice of America (USIA/VOA) directed at this objective. The purpose of this program is to define the service and develop the technology for a direct-to-listener satellite sound broadcasting system. The DBS-R Program, as structured by NASA and VOA, is now a three-phase program designed to help the U.S. commercial communications satellite and receiver industry bring about this new communications service. Major efforts are being directed towards frequency planning hardware and service development, service demonstration, and experimentation with new satellite and receiver technology.

  6. 78 FR 4078 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... Review Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  7. 77 FR 32900 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-04

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting...: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as...

  8. 75 FR 41123 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, OR AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The...

  9. 77 FR 64946 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, Georgia

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, Georgia AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The authority...

  10. 78 FR 26739 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications... Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1....

  11. 77 FR 50053 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-20

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Peter H. Doyle, Chief, Audio... amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for...

  12. 77 FR 59882 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The authority...

  13. 78 FR 36683 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, Mississippi

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-19

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, Mississippi AGENCY: Federal Communications... U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  14. 77 FR 64758 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications... Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... amends 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for...

  15. 75 FR 82279 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications... Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 As stated in the preamble, the Federal Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCASTING SERVICES 0 1....

  16. 78 FR 266 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Maysville, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications... Act, see 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal...--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for part 73 continues to read as follows:...

  17. 77 FR 23203 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, MS

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Summit, MS AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  18. 76 FR 67397 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Llano, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant... Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1....

  19. Open-Broadcast Radio: Three Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Theroux, James; Gunter, Jock

    Three effective strategies in quality open-broadcast programming for increasing educational radio's audience attraction are suggested as alternatives to the usual approach to such programming in the third world: (1) the advertising approach, which is suited to audience motivation for accomplishing concrete behavioral objectives; (2) the…

  20. 75 FR 52872 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Blythe, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-30

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Blythe, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Prescott Valley Radio Broadcasting... Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio...

  1. 78 FR 12622 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... a first and/or second NCE radio service to 67.5 percent (21,149 persons) of the total population of... 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. ]...

  2. 75 FR 71044 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Onekama, MI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Onekama, MI AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Northern Radio of Michigan, Inc., in... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. 0 For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the...

  3. 78 FR 42700 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications... broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio Division, Media...

  4. 78 FR 32 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-02

    ... 27, 2012 decision. See 77 FR 50053, published August 20, 2012. The full text of this Commission... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Westley, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission.... 8. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications...

  5. 76 FR 13579 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Hebbronville, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal Communications...

  6. 77 FR 58800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Knox City, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Knox City, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. ] List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  7. 77 FR 43216 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Randsburg, CA AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  8. 76 FR 69222 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Altamont, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Altamont, OR AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... 47 CFR Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio... Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 1. The...

  9. 78 FR 12010 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pearsall, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pearsall, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  10. 77 FR 52292 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Greenup, IL AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART...

  11. 77 FR 62481 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, NM

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, NM AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  12. 78 FR 27342 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Moran, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Moran, Texas AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... filing procedures for comments, see 47 CFR 1.415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio...

  13. 78 FR 21337 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Matagorda, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications....415 and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications... preamble, the Federal Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR Part 73 as follows: PART...

  14. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, receiver development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaisnys, A.; Bell, D.; Gevargiz, J.; Golshan, Nasser

    1993-01-01

    The status of the ongoing Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Receiver Development Task being performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology (JPL) is reported. This work is sponsored by the Voice of America/U.S. Information Agency through an agreement with NASA. The objective of this task is to develop, build, test, and demonstrate a prototype receiver that is compatible with reception of digital audio programs broadcast via satellites. The receiver is being designed to operate under a range of reception conditions, including fixed, portable, and mobile, as well as over a sufficiently wide range of bit rates to accommodate broadcasting systems with different cost/audio quality objectives. While the requirements on the receiver are complex, the eventual goal of the design effort is to make the design compatible with low cost production as a consumer product. One solution may be a basic low cost core design suitable for a majority of reception conditions, with optional enhancements for reception in especially difficult environments. Some of the receiver design parameters were established through analysis, laboratory tests, and a prototype satellite experiment accomplished in late 1991. Many of the necessary design trades will be made during the current simulation effort, while a few of the key design options will be incorporated into the prototype for evaluation during the planned satellite field trials.

  15. Radio Broadcasting for Adult Nonformal Environmental Education in Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyirenda, Juma E.

    1995-01-01

    Radio broadcasting is used in Botswana to inform, teach, and persuade adults about issues in agriculture, health, wildlife, conservation, and other areas. However, open broadcasting is not an effective nonformal education tool. Active and guided group listening to radio enables discussion and feedback. (SK)

  16. 78 FR 40402 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... of Allotments. See 69 FR 29241, published May 21, 2004. However, Channel 249A at Roaring Springs... Table of Allotments and Changes of Community of License in the Radio Broadcast Services, 71 FR 76208... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, Texas AGENCY: Federal...

  17. Using the Medium to Teach the Medium: Radio Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryland, Edwin H.

    Effective broadcast education should get students to perform professionally in broadcast situations with a minimum of guidance. To do this, class assignments should include either activities similar to commercial work or on-the-job experiences at the campus or local commercial radio stations. The possibilities for such activities and experiences…

  18. Listenership of Radio Agricultural Broadcasts in Southwestern Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmanuel, Adekoya Adegbenga; Olabode, Badiru Idris

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural broadcasts on radio play a major role in agricultural extension and rural development in Nigeria due to the low ratio of extension agents in relation to the farming population. The broadcasts have been on air for some time and therefore there is a need to investigate their acceptance among the rural dwellers in Southwestern Nigeria.…

  19. 77 FR 76936 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tignall, GA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio Division, Media Bureau. For the reasons...

  20. 78 FR 42700 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications... the FM Table of Allotments. DATES: Effective July 17, 2013. ADDRESSES: Federal...

  1. 76 FR 67375 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-01

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Various Locations AGENCY: Federal Communications... the new application procedures for radio stations to change their communities of license. However...)(A), because these allotments were previously reported. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73...

  2. 76 FR 79113 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ... FM Table of Allotments in MB Docket 05-210 (see 71 FR 76208, published December 20, 2006), but the... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission... Part 73 Radio. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez, Assistant Chief, Audio Division,...

  3. 76 FR 49364 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, Madras, and Manzanita, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Gearhart, Madras, and Manzanita, OR AGENCY: Federal... CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. James D. Bradshaw, Deputy... Communications Commission amends 47 CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The...

  4. 78 FR 37474 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, Colorado AGENCY: Federal Communications..., allots FM Channel 229C3 as a first local transmission service at Dove Creek, Colorado. Channel 229C3 can be allotted at Dove Creek, consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of...

  5. 77 FR 75946 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, CO

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-26

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 . Radio Broadcasting Services; Dove Creek, CO AGENCY: Federal Communications... 229C3 as a first local service at Dove Creek, Colorado. Channel 229C3 can be allotted at Dove Creek... Sec. 73.202 2. Section 73.202(b), the Table of FM Allotments under Colorado, is amended by adding...

  6. 75 FR 62690 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Grants Pass, Oregon

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-13

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Grants Pass, Oregon AGENCY: Federal Communications..., allots FM Channel 257A at Grants Pass, Oregon, as the community's second commercial FM transmission service. Channel 257A can be allotted at Grants Pass, consistent with the minimum distance...

  7. 77 FR 58799 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-24

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Roaring Springs, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... Allotments by substituting Channel 227A for vacant Channel 249A at Roaring Springs, Texas, and by substituting Channel 249C3 for vacant Channel 276C3, at Roaring Springs, Texas. The proposal is part of...

  8. 78 FR 25861 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications... Springs, Arizona. (The symbol `` '' will be used to denote a channel reserved as a Tribal Allotment.) Channel 265A can be allotted at Peach Springs, consistent with the minimum distance...

  9. 78 FR 61251 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Heber Springs, Arkansas.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Heber Springs, Arkansas. AGENCY: Federal... Making filed by Sydney Allison Sugg, proposing the allotment of Channel 270C3 at Heber Springs, Arkansas, as the community's third local service. Channel 270C3 can be allotted to Heber Springs...

  10. 78 FR 3877 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ AGENCY: Federal Communications... Springs, Arizona, as a Tribal Allotment. Channel 265A would constitute a first tribal allotment and a second potential service at Peach Springs. Channel 265A can be allotted at Peach Springs, Arizona,...

  11. 75 FR 76293 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Peach Springs, AZ AGENCY: Federal Communications..., allots FM Channel 281C3 at Peach Springs, Arizona, in order to maintain a first local service at that community. Channel 281C3 can be allotted at Peach Springs, Arizona, in compliance with the...

  12. 75 FR 3694 - Radio Broadcasting Services, Peach Springs, Arizona

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services, Peach Springs, Arizona AGENCY: Federal Communications... Media Licenses, LLC, proposing the allotment of FM Channel 281C3 at Peach Springs, Arizona. The reference coordinates for Channel 281C3 at Peach Springs are 35-33-46 NL and 113-27-12 WL. DATES:...

  13. 77 FR 2242 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications... filed by Alatron Corporation, Inc., proposing the allotment of Channel 228A at Pike Road, Alabama, as... Pike Road consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Rules with a...

  14. 77 FR 38761 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications... rulemaking filed by Alatron Corporation, Inc., proposing the allotment of Channel 228A at Pike Road, Alabama... expressing a continuing interest in the proposed Pike Road allotment. It is the Commission's policy...

  15. 77 FR 64792 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-23

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Pike Road, AL AGENCY: Federal Communications... filed by Alatron Corporation, Inc., proposing the allotment of Channel 228A at Pike Road, Alabama, as... allotted to Pike Road consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Rules with a...

  16. 76 FR 12292 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Kualapuu, HI

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Kualapuu, HI AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Audio Division, at the request of Kemp Communications, Inc., allots...

  17. 78 FR 25591 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-02

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crownpoint, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... transmission service at Crownpoint, New Mexico. (The symbol `` '' will be used to denote a channel reserved as... under New Mexico, is amended by adding Crownpoint, Channel 297A. BILLING CODE 6712-01-P...

  18. 78 FR 71557 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-29

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Tohatchi, New Mexico AGENCY: Federal Communications... Rules, by allotting FM Channel 268C2, Tohatchi, New Mexico, as a first local service under the Tribal... 0 2. Section 73.202(b), the Table of FM Allotments under New Mexico, is amended by adding...

  19. 76 FR 15857 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Early and Lake Brownwood, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-22

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Early and Lake Brownwood, TX AGENCY: Federal... the Congressional Review Act, see U.S.C. 801(a)(1)(A). List Of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio... CFR part 73 as follows: PART 73--RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES 0 1. The authority citation for Part...

  20. 78 FR 27306 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, Arkansas, and Cleveland, Mississippi

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Dermott, Arkansas, and Cleveland, Mississippi AGENCY... Delta Radio Network, LLC, substitutes FM Channel 224A for 289A at Dermott, Arkansas, and substitutes FM... CFR part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa Sawez,...

  1. 77 FR 66743 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Crowell, Knox City, Quanah, and Rule, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ... MM Docket No. 00-148 are considered final. See Quanah, Texas, et al, 76 FR 42573, published July 19... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Crowell, Knox City, Quanah, and Rule, TX AGENCY... in 47 CFR Part 73 Radio, Radio broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission. Nazifa...

  2. Utilisation didactique de bulletins d'informations radio (Instructional Use of the Radio News Broadcasts).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lescure, Richard; Pothier, Maguy

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the use of radio news broadcasts as instructional materials, citing some of the advantages they afford the user. Advantages include the homogeneity of mass media language, the frequency of news flashes, and the opportunity for individual work on related newspaper articles. Illustrates steps to move from global to total comprehension.…

  3. Direct broadcast satellite-radio, space-segment/receiver tradeoffs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1993-01-01

    The balance between receiver complexity and the required satellite equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP) for Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) service is addressed. In general the required receiver complexity and cost can be reduced at the expense of higher space-segment cost by allowing a higher satellite EIRP. The tradeoff outcome is sensitive to the total number of anticipated receivers in a given service area, the number of audio programs, and the required audio quality. An understanding of optimum choice of satellite EIRP for DBS-R under various service requirements is a critical issue at this time when International Radio Consultative Committee (CCIR) is soliciting input in preparation for the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) planning conference for the service.

  4. The Institutional Context of Industry Consolidation: Radio Broadcasting in the United States, 1920-1934

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lippmann, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    Shortly after the first commercial radio broadcast in 1920, the medium's popularity exploded and the number of stations on the dial grew tremendously. By 1930, however, a mere 10 years after the first radio broadcast occurred, the industry was dominated by large, commercial stations who sold advertising time in a variety of forms and were operated…

  5. Digital Audio Radio Broadcast Systems Laboratory Testing Nearly Complete

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    Radio history continues to be made at the NASA Lewis Research Center with the completion of phase one of the digital audio radio (DAR) testing conducted by the Consumer Electronics Group of the Electronic Industries Association. This satellite, satellite/terrestrial, and terrestrial digital technology will open up new audio broadcasting opportunities both domestically and worldwide. It will significantly improve the current quality of amplitude-modulated/frequency-modulated (AM/FM) radio with a new digitally modulated radio signal and will introduce true compact-disc-quality (CD-quality) sound for the first time. Lewis is hosting the laboratory testing of seven proposed digital audio radio systems and modes. Two of the proposed systems operate in two modes each, making a total of nine systems being tested. The nine systems are divided into the following types of transmission: in-band on-channel (IBOC), in-band adjacent-channel (IBAC), and new bands. The laboratory testing was conducted by the Consumer Electronics Group of the Electronic Industries Association. Subjective assessments of the audio recordings for each of the nine systems was conducted by the Communications Research Center in Ottawa, Canada, under contract to the Electronic Industries Association. The Communications Research Center has the only CCIR-qualified (Consultative Committee for International Radio) audio testing facility in North America. The main goals of the U.S. testing process are to (1) provide technical data to the Federal Communication Commission (FCC) so that it can establish a standard for digital audio receivers and transmitters and (2) provide the receiver and transmitter industries with the proper standards upon which to build their equipment. In addition, the data will be forwarded to the International Telecommunications Union to help in the establishment of international standards for digital audio receivers and transmitters, thus allowing U.S. manufacturers to compete in the

  6. [Evaluation of medication advertising broadcast on radio stations].

    PubMed

    Batista, Almária Mariz; Carvalho, Maria Cleide Ribeiro Dantas de

    2013-02-01

    The scope of this paper was to evaluate advertising for medication broadcast on radio stations in Natal, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from April to September 2008 and from April to September 2010. The advertising was recorded and transcribed in order to conduct legal analysis and content analysis based on the precepts of Laurence Bardin. Both the advertising recorded during the first stage (regulated by RDC 102/00) and the second stage (regulated by RDC 96/08) contained some form of legal violation. Content analysis detected practically the same violations in both stages, namely the lack of information regarding adverse effects of the medication, appeal to consumption, exaggeration of efficiency/effectiveness and abusive exploitation of illness. Despite the inclusion of more modern and restrictive legislation, radio advertising continues to violate the law blatantly, committing abuse and disrespecting the population's entitlement to good health. The study reveals the need for medication advertising to be dealt with in a broader context, in other words to be treated as a public health concern. It must take into consideration the socio-historical scenario in which it evolved, since the legislation alone is insufficient to combat abuse committed to the detriment of public health. PMID:23358781

  7. Sex and Broadcasting; A Handbook on Starting a Radio Station for the Community. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milam, Lorenzo W.

    "Broadcasting as it exists now in the United States is a pitiful, unmitigated whore." That ribald statement indicates the point-of-view and basic theme of this anti-establishment booklet designed to provide the basic information necessary for anyone or any group wanting to gain access to FM radio (primarily the educational broadcasting portion of…

  8. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems: III. Radio Broadcasting in Venezuela. Communication and Society, 12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capriles, Oswaldo; And Others

    The third in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Venezuela. An overview of radio broadcasting in Venezuela describes various aspects and provides…

  9. Multichannel broadcast based on home channel for cognitive radio sensor networks.

    PubMed

    Zeng, Fanzi; Tang, Yuting; Pu, Jianjie

    2014-01-01

    Considering the limited resources and the dynamic spectrum distribution in the cognitive radio sensor networks (CRSN), a half-duplex Multichannel broadcast protocol for CRSN is presented based on the home channel. This protocol maintains the networks topology only through the home channel, so there is no need for the public channel to transmit the control information and no need for the synchronization. After network initialization, node broadcasts data via home channel in half-duplex transmission way. The simulation results show that, compared with complete broadcast, the proposed protocol effectively reduces broadcast delay and overhead. PMID:25161397

  10. Marguerite V. Hood and Music Education Radio Broadcasts in Rural Montana (1937-39)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Shelly

    2005-01-01

    The impact of the radio in the 1930s can be compared to the force of change in people's lives today caused by current technology. Marguerite V. Hood (1903-92), a recognized leader in the music education profession during the 1930s, understood the importance of music education radio broadcasts for rural one-room schools and music education classes.…

  11. Native Radio Broadcasting in North America: An Overview of Systems in the United States and Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Bruce L.; Brigham, Jerry C.

    1992-01-01

    Describes a study that examined the development of Native American (i.e., Indian, Inuit or Eskimo, and Aleut) radio broadcasting in Canada and the United States. Underlying cultural concerns are discussed, funding sources are explored, and further research is suggested. A directory of Native American radio stations in the United States is…

  12. 76 FR 55388 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-07

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CBS Radio East Inc., Station WLZL, Facility ID 72177, BPH-20110812ACL, from Annapolis, MD, to Bowie, MD; Indiana Community Radio Corporation, Station WYER, Facility ID 173401, BPED- 20110705AAO, from Carmi, IL, To Albion, IL; Mount Wilson FM Broadcasters, Inc., Station NEW, Facility ID 183343,......

  13. Socio-Economic Aspects of National Communication Systems: II. Radio Broadcasting in Czechoslovakia. Communication and Society, 11.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bunzlova, Alice; Slovak, Leopold

    The second in a series that examines the role of radio broadcasting in the process of socioeconomic and cultural change in three countries with different types of broadcasting organization--Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Venezuela--this volume focuses on Czechoslovakia. It deals with the cultural implications of broadcasting structures and their…

  14. 78 FR 69086 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CBS RADIO ANNAPOLIS LLC, Station WLZL, Facility ID 20983, BMPH-20131022ALD, From ANNAPOLIS, MD, To COLLEGE PARK, MD; FAMILY LIFE MINISTRIES, INC., Station WCIK, Facility ID 20631, BPH-20130924AJT, From BATH, NY, To AVOCA, NY; PRITCHARD BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station WQKQ, Facility ID 7635, BPH-......

  15. 76 FR 2382 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: Educational Radio for the Public of the New Millennium, Station WRJI, Facility ID 93884, BPED-20101126AAP, From East Greenwich, RI, to Providence, RI; Franciscan University of Steubenville, Station NEW, Facility ID 171722, BMPED-20101129APH, From Hopedale, OH, To Wintersville, OH; Grace Broadcasting Services,......

  16. Public Service Announcements and the Fight against AIDS: A Survey of Radio Broadcasters' Attitudes and Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Douglas J.

    A pilot study surveyed radio broadcasters in Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas to further an understanding of their role as gatekeepers for public service announcements (PSA) to educate audiences about AIDS and bring about "safe" behavior. A total of 300 stations were in the sample. Respondents were asked to provide information about their…

  17. 78 FR 56170 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Magnolia, Arkansas; and Oil City, Louisiana

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-12

    ..., See 70 FR 19337, April 13, 2005. In the Memorandum Opinion and Order, the Bureau affirmed the grant...-existing Tuck test. See 69 FR 8333, February 24, 2004. On review, the Commission finds that the Bureau did... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Magnolia, Arkansas; and Oil City, Louisiana...

  18. 77 FR 75434 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  19. 76 FR 50732 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  20. 78 FR 9915 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  1. 76 FR 7848 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-11

    ... third lines, ``[insert date 60 days after FR publication date]'' should read ``April 11, 2011''. BILLING... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License Correction...

  2. 75 FR 51812 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  3. 77 FR 18815 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  4. 76 FR 14394 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to...

  5. 77 FR 2242 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 [MB Docket No. 08-85; RM-11427, RM-11517, RM-11518, RM-11519; DA 11- 2059] Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ, and Needles,...

  6. 77 FR 2241 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg, and Williams, AZ...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-17

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Wickenburg..., Arizona; and the substitution of Channel 281C for vacant Channel 247C at First Mesa, Arizona. Additionally... allotments at Ehrenberg and First Mesa as proposed in the first proposal. Additionally, we issue an Order...

  7. 78 FR 16816 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Munds Park, Wickenburg, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-19

    ... Order to Show Cause, 77 FR 2241, published January 17, 2012. The full text of this Commission decision... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Ehrenberg, First Mesa, Kachina Village, Munds Park... Park, the Bureau also substitutes Channel 281C for vacant Channel 247C at First Mesa, Arizona,...

  8. 78 FR 53054 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Chillicothe, Dublin, Hillsboro, and Marion, Ohio

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-28

    ... Dublin, Ohio, over the objection of the Committee. See 70 FR 19337 (April 13, 2005). The Committee had... ground, and the Bureau denied the petition in the Memorandum Opinion and Order. See 71 FR 40927 (July 19... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Chillicothe, Dublin, Hillsboro, and Marion,...

  9. Localism in Western European Radio Broadcasting: Untangling the Wireless.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCain, Thomas A.; Lowe, G. Ferrell

    1990-01-01

    Provides an overview of the local radio phenomenon in Western European countries. Examines opportunities for access, control, and economic realities for three types of local radio (national, independent, and community), each of which was influenced in some fashion by illegal pirate stations. (KEH)

  10. Radio frequency nonionizing radiation in a community exposed to radio and television broadcasting.

    PubMed

    Burch, James B; Clark, Maggie; Yost, Michael G; Fitzpatrick, Cole T E; Bachand, Annette M; Ramaprasad, Jaya; Reif, John S

    2006-02-01

    Exposure to radio frequency (RF) nonionizing radiation from telecommunications is pervasive in modern society. Elevated disease risks have been observed in some populations exposed to radio and television transmissions, although findings are inconsistent. This study quantified RF exposures among 280 residents living near the broadcasting transmitters for Denver, Colorado. RF power densities outside and inside each residence were obtained, and a global positioning system (GPS) identified geographic coordinates and elevations. A view-shed model within a geographic information system (GIS) characterized the average distance and percentage of transmitters visible from each residence. Data were collected at the beginning and end of a 2.5-day period, and some measurements were repeated 8-29 months later. RF levels logged at 1-min intervals for 2.5 days varied considerably among some homes and were quite similar among others. The greatest differences appeared among homes within 1 km of the transmitters. Overall, there were no differences in mean residential RF levels compared over 2.5 days. However, after a 1- to 2-year follow-up, only 25% of exterior and 38% of interior RF measurements were unchanged. Increasing proximity, elevation, and line-of-sight visibility were each associated with elevated RF exposures. At average distances from > 1-3 km, exterior RF measurements were 13-30 times greater among homes that had > 50% of the transmitters visible compared with homes with < or = 50% visibility at those distances. This study demonstrated that both spatial and temporal factors contribute to residential RF exposure and that GPS/GIS technologies can improve RF exposure assessment and reduce exposure misclassification. PMID:16451862

  11. Broadcast Services; Evolution of Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The structure, history, technology and especially regulation of broadcasting in general are summarized in this Federal Communication Commission (FCC) information bulletin. Further specifics of history, technology, structure and regulation are presented for AM radio, FM radio, television, educational broadcasting, and broadcast relay by satellite.…

  12. Pancreatic cancer in broadcast (radio and radar) technicians

    SciTech Connect

    Zaret, M.M. )

    1990-02-26

    Increasingly, the authors have accumulated knowledge demonstrating the potential mutagenic action of nonionizing radiation in humans, from birth defects like Down's syndrome through cancers like leukemia; additionally, viable concepts of etiological mechanisms have been presented. This study adds a new category of mutagenesis, pancreatic cancer in radio and radar repairmen, and provides a rationale for understanding one of the theoretical biochemical pathways. This was achieved by analyzing the unique exposure factors in a small, but select, cluster of pancreatic cancer cases where the occupational history of repeated exposures to radiofrequency irradiation not only occurred, but also was documented to have been at harmful intensities by the additional medical finding of capsular cataract, here serving as a biological dosimeter.

  13. A Broadcast Channel Assignment Mechanism based on The Broadcast Tree for Multi-radio Multi-channel Wireless Mesh Networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xia, Yan; Zeng, Yingzhi

    2016-02-01

    This paper proposed a broadcast Channel Assignment Mechanism on base of optimized Broadcast Tree for wireless Mesh network (WMN), which is created by Branch and Bound Method. The simulations show that our algorithm not only reduces the broadcast redundancy but also avoids the potential channel interferences produced by unnecessary relay nodes.

  14. Direct broadcast satellite-radio market, legal, regulatory, and business considerations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sood, Des R.

    1991-01-01

    A Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) System offers the prospect of delivering high quality audio broadcasts to large audiences at costs lower than or comparable to those incurred using the current means of broadcasting. The maturation of mobile communications technologies, and advances in microelectronics and digital signal processing now make it possible to bring this technology to the marketplace. Heightened consumer interest in improved audio quality coupled with the technological and economic feasibility of meeting this demand via DBS-R make it opportune to start planning for implementation of DBS-R Systems. NASA-Lewis and the Voice of America as part of their on-going efforts to improve the quality of international audio broadcasts, have undertaken a number of tasks to more clearly define the technical, marketing, organizational, legal, and regulatory issues underlying implementation of DBS-R Systems. The results and an assessment is presented of the business considerations underlying the construction, launch, and operation of DBS-R Systems.

  15. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite-Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) satellite at 62 deg. West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  16. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite - Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) satellite at 62 deg West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  17. Utilizing a TDRS satellite for direct broadcast satellite-radio propagation experiments and demonstrations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hollansworth, James E.

    1993-01-01

    The NASA/VOA Direct Broadcast Satellite - Radio (DBS-R) Program will be using a NASA Tracking Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) at 62 deg West longitude to conduct live satellite S-band propagation experiments and demonstrations of satellite sound broadcasting over the next two years (1993-1994). The NASA/VOA DBS-R program has applied intensive effort to garner domestic and international support for the DBS-R concept. An S-band DBS-R allocation was achieved for Region 2 at WARC-92 held in Spain. With this allocation, the DBS-R program now needs to conduct S-band propagation experiments and systems demonstrations that will assist in the development of planning approaches for the use of Broadcast Satellite Service (Sound) frequency bands prior to the planning conference called for by WARC-92. These activities will also support receiver concept development applied to qualities ranging from AM to Monophonic FM, Stereophonic FM, Monophonic CD, and Stereophonic CD quality.

  18. Direct broadcast satellite-radio: Portable and mobile reception trade-offs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1991-01-01

    There has been considerable international effort in the areas of system studies, system development, and regulatory work for a Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio (DBS-R). An important milestone will be the 1992 World Radio Administrative Conference (WARC 1992) consideration of frequency allocation in the 500 - 3000 MHz range for such a service. There is an interagency agreement between Voice of America and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for a coordinated program in DBS-R. This program includes seven tasks: systems tradeoff studies, propagation measurements, satellite experiment and demonstration, receiver development, market studies, regulatory studies, and WARC preparations. The findings of ongoing work under the first task, systems tradeoff studies, are discussed. Topics covered include digital bit rate and audio quality, propagation considerations and link margin estimates for portable reception, link margin estimates for mobile reception, coverage, and satellite size and cost estimates for a regional DBS-R coverage example.

  19. [Lights and shadows in the radio-television broadcasting on medical informations].

    PubMed

    Picardi, Nicola

    2006-01-01

    Some actual difficulties in the medical praxis, arising and growing in the social environment, and well known to the operating physicians and surgeons, should stimulate a careful analysis of the situation in search of the more likely causes and to draw the more suitable remedy. One of them certainly is the constant, and sometimes invading, presence of radio-television broadcasting in the all day life of everybody of more o less deepened programs inherent to themes of health. It is of the utmost importance to think over the topic, especially in order to evaluate the positive and negative aspects of the impact of radio and television media on the sensibility of the patients and in order to reflect on their reactions, and as a reflex on the professional behaviour of the physicians and surgeons, with all the lights and shadows. PMID:17343241

  20. [A series of radio broadcasts of the French School Radio devoted to Pharmacy in 1966].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-03-01

    In December 1966, the French School Radio devoted three of its emissions to Pharmacy. Found in the archives of the National Center for Educational Documentation (CNDP), those short programs resumed life. PMID:26043461

  1. 77 FR 42672 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and Waitsburg, WA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-20

    ... allotted in MM Docket No. 97-34. See Saint Paul, Arkansas, 62 FR 65765, published December 16, 1997... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Alberton, MT; Crystal Falls, MI; Saint Paul, AR; and... Allotments as follows: 0 a. Remove Crystal Falls, under Michigan, Channel 280C2. 0 b. Remove Alberton,...

  2. 78 FR 73109 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK; Rule and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-05

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Radio Broadcasting Services; Benjamin and Cisco, TX; De Beque, CO; Port Lions, AK... Commission amends the Table of FM Allotments by removing Channel 221C0 at Port Lions, Alaska; Channel 247C3...(b), the Table of FM Allotments, is amended by: 0 a. Under Alaska, removing Port Lions, Channel...

  3. Public Service Announcements and the Fight against AIDS: A National Survey of Television and Radio Broadcasters' Attitudes and Policies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Douglas J.

    A follow-up national study surveyed 500 television and radio broadcasters to further understanding of their role as gatekeepers for public service announcements (PSAs) to educate audiences about AIDS, and to bring about "safe" behavior. Respondents were asked to provide information about their stations, and their stations' use of HIV/AIDS PSAs. Of…

  4. Digital Radio Broadcasting using the mixed satellite/terrestrial approach: An application study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paiement, Richard V.; Voyer, Rene; Prendergast, Doug

    1995-01-01

    Digital radio broadcasting (DRB) is a new service that offers CD quality stereo programs to fixed, portable and mobile receivers. Terrestrial DRB in Canada is considered as a replacement technology for existing AM and FM services, and it is expected to start up in 1996. Canada currently favors Eureka 147 technology operating in the L-band, in the 1452-1492 MHz frequency band allocated during WARC'92 for DRB. Terrestrial DRB delivery is appropriate for small to medium sized service areas, such as cities and their associated suburbs. For larger areas such as provinces, as well as for sparsely populated areas such as the regions in northern Canada, satellite delivery is more appropriate. The mixed approach is based on both satellite and terrestrial broadcasting services using a common frequency band. Spectrum efficiency is achieved through close coordination of both service types, to achieve proper frequency sharing and spectrum re-use. As well, use of a common transmission format by both types of services allows for a common receiver. This mixed satellite/terrestrial approach to DRB is being seriously considered in Canada and in other countries. This paper studies the feasibility of such a mixed satellite/terrestrial DRB system. It looks at possible coverage scenarios for Canada, and at the satellite and receiver technology requirements.

  5. Magnetic fields of AM band radio broadcast signals at theRichmond Fiel d Station

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, Alex; Frangos, William

    1998-12-01

    Non-invasive sensing of the shallow subsurface is necessary for detection and delineation of buried hazardous wastes, monitoring of the condition of clay containment caps, and a variety of other purposes. Electromagnetic methods have proven to be effective in environmental site characterization where there is a need for increased resolution in subsurface characterization. Two considerations strongly suggest the use of frequencies between 100 kHz and 100 MHz for such applications: 1) the induction response of many targets is small due to small size, and 2) a need to determine both the electrical conductivity and dielectric permittivity which are related to chemistry and hydrology. Modeling and physical parameter studies confirm that measurements at frequencies between 1 and 100 MHz can resolve variations in subsurface conductivity and permittivity. To provide the necessary technology for shallow subsurface investigations, we propose to exploit the concept of electromagnetic impedance, the ratio of orthogonal horizontal electric and magnetic fields. Prior to assembling the equipment for measuring surface impedance using controlled, local source it was felt prudent to measure the surface impedance of geological materials at the University of California at Berkeley's Richmond Field (RFS) using ambient energy in the broadcast band. As a first step toward this intermediate goal, we have examined and characterized local AM band radio signals in terms of both signal strength and polarization of the magnetic component as received at RFS. In addition, we have established the viability of a commercial radio-frequency magnetic sensor.

  6. School Broadcasts in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro

    This document presents statistics and tables dealing with the use of television and radio broadcasts in Japanese schools. Topics discussed include: (1) the increase in the number of schools using school broadcasts; (2) reasons for using school broadcasts; (3) the exchange of views between teachers and broadcasters; (4) ways of overcoming obstacles…

  7. [Exposure to VHF and UHF electromagnetic fields among workers employed in radio and TV broadcast centers. I. Assessment of exposure].

    PubMed

    Zmyślony, M; Aniołczyk, H; Bortkiewicz, A

    2001-01-01

    Nowadays, radio and television have become one of the areas of the human technical activity that develops most rapidly. Also ultra-short waves of VHF (30-300 MHz) and UHF (0.3-3 GHz) bands have proved to be the most important carriers of radio and TV-programs. In Poland, a network of radio and TV broadcast centers (RTCN) with high (over 200 m) masts was set up in the 1960s and 1970s. These centers concentrate the majority of stations broadcasting national and local programs (for areas within the RTCN range). At present, the RTCN established several decades ago are equally important. The assessment of the exposure to electromagnetic fields among workers of multi-program broadcast stations is complicated and feasible only to a certain degree of approximation because of changing conditions of exposure in individual stations during their long history, resulting from the changing numbers and types of transmitters installed. In this work, the method of retrospective estimation of exposure dose is described, and the results of the assessment carried out at three kinds of typical RTCN are discussed. The results of the analysis indicate that the workers of RTCN are exposed primarily to electromagnetic fields of VHF and UHF bands, but this exposure may be considered as admissible, hence it should not exert an adverse effect on the workers' health. PMID:11828845

  8. Using Language Broadcasts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Brian; Barley, Anthony

    1977-01-01

    Various ways to use foreign language radio broadcasts in comprehension practice, speaking practice, and written work are outlined. BBC and other broadcasts in several languages are listed and annotated as to age level and topics. (CHK)

  9. 75 FR 13761 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-23

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: AMERICAN FAMILY ASSOCIATION, Station WSQH, Facility ID 91176, BMPED-20100205ABG, From MERIDIAN, MS, To DECATUR, MS; BRAHMIN BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station KPAD, Facility ID 166006, BPH-20100127AAK, From WHEATLAND, WY, To RAWLINS, WY; BRAHMIN BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station KMJY, Facility ID 164284, BPH-......

  10. 75 FR 36393 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-25

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: ENTERTAINMENT MEDIA TRUST, DENNIS J. WATKINS, TRUSTEE, Facility ID 5281, BP-20100216AAY, From UNIVERSITY CITY, MO, To FAIRVIEW HEIGHTS, IL; OCEAN SIDE BROADCASTING, INC., Facility ID 177396, BMPED-20100517AAA, From ELK MOUNTAIN, WY, To WEST LARAMIE, WY; RUDEX BROADCASTING LIMITED CORPORATION, Facility ID......

  11. 76 FR 65192 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-20

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: Eastern Sierra Broadcasting, Station KCWK, Facility ID 160324, BMP-20111004AED, from North Las Vegas, NV, to Laughlin, NV; Episcopo, Joseph A., Station NEW, Facility ID 189518, BNPH-20110929AGK, from Rotan, TX, to Roscoe, TX; Everglades City Broadcasting Company, Inc., Station WBGY, Facility ID 47386, BPED-......

  12. Options in Education, Program No. 84, July 4, 1977. The Critics Revisited. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    The document is a transcript of the radio program, "Options in Education," for the week of July 4, 1977. Broadcast by member stations of the National Public Radio System, the program is an electronic weekly magazine devoted to the coverage of news, features, policy, and people in the field of education. The issues highlighted in this program…

  13. Robust Radio Broadcast Monitoring Using a Multi-Band Spectral Entropy Signature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camarena-Ibarrola, Antonio; Chávez, Edgar; Tellez, Eric Sadit

    Monitoring media broadcast content has deserved a lot of attention lately from both academy and industry due to the technical challenge involved and its economic importance (e.g. in advertising). The problem pose a unique challenge from the pattern recognition point of view because a very high recognition rate is needed under non ideal conditions. The problem consist in comparing a small audio sequence (the commercial ad) with a large audio stream (the broadcast) searching for matches.

  14. Overview of techniques for mitigation of fading and shadowing in the direct broadcast satellite radio environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bell, David; Gevargiz, John; Vaisnys, Arvydas; Julian, David

    1995-01-01

    The DBS radio propagation environment is divided into three sub-environments, indoor, rural-suburban mobile and urban mobile. Indoor propagation effects are in a large part determined by construction material. Non-metallic materials afford direct, albeit attenuated penetration of the satellite signal with a minimum of multipath signal scattering. Signal penetration into structures using significant metallic materials is often indirect, through openings such as doors and windows and propagation will involve significant multipath components. Even so, delay spread in many situations is on the order of 10's of nanoseconds resulting in relatively flat fading. Thus frequency diversity techniques such as Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) or equalization techniques do not realize their intended performance enhancement. Antenna diversity, directivity and placement are key mitigation techniques for the indoor environment. In the Rural-Suburban mobile environment with elevation angles greater than 20 deg, multipath components from the satellite signal are 15-20 dB below the line-of-sight signal level and often originate from nearby reflectors. Thus shadowing is the dominant signal impairment and fading effects are again found to be relatively flat for a large fading margin. Because receiver motion induces rapid variations in the signal level, temporal diversity techniques such as interleaving, channel coding and retransmission can be used to combat short intermittent fading events. Antenna diversity and directivity techniques are again useful in this environment. Finally, in the Urban mobile environment, slower vehicle speeds and blockage by buildings causes signal fades that are too long and too deep to combat with signal margin or time diversity. Land-based signal boosters are needed to fill in the coverage gaps of the satellite only broadcast scheme. On frequency boosters are suggested to conserve bandwidth yet these

  15. 47 CFR 73.4170 - Obscene broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Obscene broadcasts. 73.4170 Section 73.4170 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4170 Obscene broadcasts. (a) See Miller v....

  16. 47 CFR 73.4170 - Obscene broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obscene broadcasts. 73.4170 Section 73.4170 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4170 Obscene broadcasts. (a) See Miller v....

  17. 47 CFR 73.4170 - Obscene broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Obscene broadcasts. 73.4170 Section 73.4170 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4170 Obscene broadcasts. (a) See Miller v....

  18. A Resource Curriculum in Broadcast Media. Bulletin No. 8025.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herian, Roger; Moen, Mary

    A resource for teachers who design instructional programs in broadcast media, this curriculum guide consists of eight units which deal with the nature of broadcast media, broadcast programming and public interest, broadcast advertising, broadcast regulation, societal effects of broadcasting, broadcasting and future technology, radio broadcasting,…

  19. Educational Broadcasts of NHK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japan Broadcasting Co., Tokyo

    Presented is an overview of the full range of educational and cultural broadcasts offered by Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK). NHK, or the Japan Broadcasting Company, is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan. It produces instructional programs from the kindergarten level to high school via its television and radio network. These…

  20. 75 FR 31437 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-03

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: CEDAR COVE BROADCASTING, INC., Station KGQD, Facility ID 175363, BMPED-20100510ABP, From FRASER, CO, To SILVERTHORNE, CO; CHURCH PLANTERS OF AMERICA, Station NEW, Facility ID 173562, BMPED-20100426ADA, From DANBURY, NC, To MADISON, NC; ENTERPRISE COPORATION OF THE DELTA, Station NEW, Facility ID 175323,......

  1. 77 FR 4817 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-31

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: AMERICAN FAMILY ASSOCIATION, Station KATG, Facility ID 86330, BPED-20120113ACF, From ATHENS, TX, To ELKHART, TX; CALVARY CHAPEL OF KANSAS CITY, Station KYLF, Facility ID 174965, BMPED- 20120117AEC, From FREEMAN, MO, To ADRIAN, MO; COCHISE BROADCASTING LLC, Station KZXQ, Facility ID 78273, BMPH-20111202AFT,......

  2. 75 FR 47596 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-06

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: 1TV.COM, INC., Station KBSZ, Facility ID 11217, BP-20100429ADM, From WICKENBURG, AZ, To APACHE JUNCTION, AZ; CEDAR COVE BROADCASTING, INC., Station KADE, Facility ID 173616, BMPED- 20100707GWD, From SALIDA, CO, To SNOWMASS VILLAGE, CO; DELTA MEDIA CORPORATION, Station KLWB-FM, Facility ID 183335,......

  3. 75 FR 20597 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-20

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: COCHISE BROADCASTING LLC, Station KZXQ, Facility ID 78273, BPH-20071025ACM, From RESERVE, NM, To CONCHO, AZ; DAILEY CORPORATION, Station WETZ-FM, Facility ID 18534, BPH- 20100329AFI, From NEW MARTINSVILLE, WV, To VIENNA, WV; LOUT, JAMES M, Station NEW, Facility ID 170971, BMPH-20100301ABS, From PINELAND, TX,......

  4. 77 FR 57086 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-17

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: ALEXANDRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station KRKZ- FM, Facility ID 189499, BPH-20120725AHL, From NETARTS, OR, To CHINOOK, WA; ALEXANDRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station KTIL, Facility ID 50554, BMP-20120725AHO, From TILLAMOOK, OR, To NETARTS, OR; BIRACH BROADCASTING CORPORATION, Station NEW, Facility ID 136069, BMP-......

  5. 75 FR 6395 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-09

    ...- 20100106AFK, From GREENVILLE, AL, To FORT DEPOSIT, AL; BETTER PUBLIC BROADCASTING ASSOCIATION, Station KLXL...; TUGART PROPERTIES, LLC, Station WNGA, Facility ID 26854, BMPH- 20091008AEA, From HELEN, GA, To CLERMONT, GA; UNITED STATES CP, LLC, Station KRYE, Facility ID 164276, BPH-20100125AIM, From RYE, CO, To...

  6. 77 FR 62512 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-15

    ... Street SW., Room CY-B402, ] Washington, DC 20554, telephone 1-800-378-3160 or www.BCPIWEB.com . Federal... proposals to change the community of license: ADVANCE MINISTRIES, INC. D/B/A/NEW LIFE CHRISTIAN SCHOOL..., Facility ID 24146, BP-20120921AET, From ST. STEPHEN, SC, To SAINT STEPHEN, SC; OHANA BROADCAST COMPANY...

  7. 76 FR 72705 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-25

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: DOUGLAS BROADCASTING, INC., Station KLNQ, Facility ID161152, BMP-20111107ALX, From CASPER, WY, To EVANSVILLE, WY; HISPANIC TARGET MEDIA INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 183311, BNPH- 20091019ADD, From KERNVILLE, CA, To RIDGECREST, CA; OLIVET NAZARENE UNIVERSITY, Station WTMK, Facility ID 90498,......

  8. Satellite broadcasting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gregory, D.; Rainger, P.; Harvey, R. V.; Jennings, A.

    Questions related to direct broadcasting satellites are addressed with attention given to celestial mechanics, synchronous orbits, propagation, international plans, domestic installation, related laws and system costs. The role of the World Administrative Planning Conference (WARC) organization is discussed and contrasted with that of the regional administrative radio conference. Topics related to the field of law include coverage and overspill, regulation and control, copyrights and international organizations. Alternative ways of estimating direct broadcasting system costs are presented with consideration given to satellite costs as a function of mass, launch costs and system costs as a function of power.

  9. 78 FR 13670 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-28

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: DAIJ MEDIA, LLC, Station KJOZ, Facility ID 20625, BP-20120731AAA, From CONROE, TX, To BAYTOWN, TX; GREAT SOUTH WIRELESS, LLC, Station WZZN, Facility ID 5885, BPH-20130207ABP, From UNION GROVE, AL, To TRIANA, AL; REED BROADCASTING, LLC, Station WRAB, Facility ID 2552, BP-20130207ABK, From ARAB, AL, To UNION......

  10. 47 CFR 73.128 - AM stereophonic broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false AM stereophonic broadcasting. 73.128 Section 73.128 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.128 AM stereophonic broadcasting. (a) An Am broadcast station may, without specific authority from...

  11. 47 CFR 73.128 - AM stereophonic broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false AM stereophonic broadcasting. 73.128 Section 73.128 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.128 AM stereophonic broadcasting. (a) An Am broadcast station may, without specific authority from...

  12. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. 73.403 Section 73.403 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast...

  13. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. 73.403 Section 73.403 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast...

  14. 47 CFR 73.14 - AM broadcast definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false AM broadcast definitions. 73.14 Section 73.14 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.14 AM broadcast definitions. AM broadcast band. The band of frequencies extending from 535 to 1705 kHz....

  15. 47 CFR 73.14 - AM broadcast definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false AM broadcast definitions. 73.14 Section 73.14 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.14 AM broadcast definitions. AM broadcast band. The band of frequencies extending from 535 to 1705 kHz....

  16. 47 CFR 73.14 - AM broadcast definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false AM broadcast definitions. 73.14 Section 73.14 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.14 AM broadcast definitions. AM broadcast band. The band of frequencies extending from 535 to 1705 kHz....

  17. Case studies of pre-engineered and manufactured sound isolation rooms for music practice and radio broadcast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Probst, Ron N.; Rypka, Dann

    2005-09-01

    Pre-engineered and manufactured sound isolation rooms were developed to ensure guaranteed sound isolation while offering the unique ability to be disassembled and relocated without loss of acoustic performance. Case studies of pre-engineered sound isolation rooms used for music practice and various radio broadcast purposes are highlighted. Three prominent universities wrestle with the challenges of growth and expansion while responding to the specialized acoustic requirements of these spaces. Reduced state funding for universities requires close examination of all options while ensuring sound isolation requirements are achieved. Changing curriculum, renovation, and new construction make pre-engineered and manufactured rooms with guaranteed acoustical performance good investments now and for the future. An added benefit is the optional integration of active acoustics to provide simulations of other spaces or venues along with the benefit of sound isolation.

  18. Worldwide Marine Weather Broadcasts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of the Navy, Washington, DC.

    This publication is a source of marine weather broadcast information in all areas of the world where such service is provided. This publication was designed for the use of U.S. naval and merchant ships. Sections 1 through 4 contain details of radio telegraph, radio telephone, radio facsimile, and radio teleprinter transmissions, respectively. The…

  19. An Institutional History of Public Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avery, Robert K.; Pepper, Robert

    1980-01-01

    Chronicles the development of public broadcasting from early attempts to develop noncommercial radio through organizations such as the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Public Broadcasting Service. Discusses the need for federal support and the resulting conflicts. (JMF)

  20. The Special Broadcasting Service and Australia's Ethnic Broadcasting Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sklovsky, G.A.

    1979-01-01

    Broadcasting services for non-English speaking peoples in Australia are reviewed both for radio and television. Broadcasting criteria for ethnic groups, funding levels, and current facilities are discussed. (RAO)

  1. Technology Evaluation of Programmable Communicating Thermostats with Radio Broadcast Data System Communications

    SciTech Connect

    Herter, Karen; Wayland, Seth

    2008-10-31

    Programmable Communicating Thermostats are thermostats that can be programmed by the user to respond to signals indicating a grid-level system emergency or pricing event. The California Energy Commission is considering standards that would include a requirement for Programmable Communicating Thermostats in residential and small commercial applications. The current specification for Programmable Communicating Thermostats requires Radio Data System communications to Programmable Communicating Thermostats. This study tested the signal strength and reliability of Radio Data System signals at 40 customer sites within the Sacramento Municipal Utility District, which is serviced by 17 radio stations that already transmit Radio Data System signals. The study also tested the functionality of a commercially available Programmable Communicating Thermostat for compliance with California Energy Commission design standards. Test results demonstrated that Radio Data System is capable of reliably sending price and emergency signals. This study also provides evidence that existing Programmable Communicating Thermostats, on receiving a Radio Data System pricing or event signal, are capable of automatically increasing set points to a customer-determined or utility-determined level, thus providing air-conditioning demand response within seconds or just a few (less than 5) minutes.

  2. MSAT broadcast voice services

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, John W.

    1995-01-01

    Later this year the MSAT satellite network will be delivering mobile and remote communications throughout North America. Its services include a family of Broadcast Voice Services, the first of which will be MSAT Dispatch Radio, which will extend the features and functionality of terrestrial Specialized Mobile Radio (SMR) to the entire continent. This paper describes the MSAT Broadcast Voice Services in general, and MSAT Dispatch Radio in particular, and provides examples of commercial and government applications.

  3. 77 FR 66839 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change The Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-07

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: ALEX MEDIA, INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 189557, BMPH-20121002ACH, From MCCALL, ID, To HUNTINGTON, OR; GATEWAY RADIO WORKS, INC., Station WKYN, Facility ID 23345, BPH-20121002ACW, From OWINGSVILLE, KY, To MOUNT STERLING, KY; GENESIS COMMUNICATIONS OF TAMPA BAY, INC., Station WMGG, Facility ID 67135,......

  4. 77 FR 24954 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals to Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-26

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: DIVINE WORD COMMUNICATIONS, Station WDLG, Facility ID 86328, BPED-20120313AEE, From THOMASVILLE, AL, To GROVE HILL; FIFE COMMUNICATION COMPANY, L.C., Station KCVM, Facility ID 17227, BPH-20120327ALB, From HUDSON, IA, To EVANSDALE; HOG RADIO, INC., Station KLYR-FM, Facility ID 22057, BPH-20120208ADK, From......

  5. 77 FR 38631 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-28

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: AGNUS DEI COMMUNICATIONS, INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 190433, BNPH-20120529AKN, From MISSION, SD, To MURDO, SD; ALEX MEDIA, INC., Station NEW, Facility ID 190402, BNPH-20120515ABA, From FRANKLIN, LA, To BELLE ROSE, LA; CBS RADIO STATIONS INC., Station WMSF, Facility ID 29567, BPH-20120529AKO, From WEST......

  6. 75 FR 1621 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: COVENANT NETWORK, Station NEW, Facility ID 171236, BMPED-20091118AGS, From ELDON, MO, To ST. THOMAS, MO; COX RADIO, INC., Station WALR-FM, Facility ID 48728, BPH-20091124ABA, From GREENVILLE, GA, To PALMETTO, GA; DARBY ADVERTISING, INC., Station WGRL, Facility ID 170939, BMPH-20091202ACC, From FREDERIC, MI,......

  7. 77 FR 8869 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ..., BMPED-20120131ALI, From RIDGEVILLE, SC, To ST. GEORGE, SC; RADIO LICENSE HOLDING II, LLC, Station WYAY...., Washington, DC 20554. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Tung Bui, 202-418-2700. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The... the Commission's Reference Center, 445 12th Street SW., Washington, DC 20554 or electronically via...

  8. 75 FR 66098 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: GRACE PUBLIC RADIO, Station KFKB, Facility ID 174471, BMPED-20100803AAM, From GIRARD, KS, To LA HARPE, KS; LORENZ E. PROIETTI, Station KMQS, Facility ID 166044, BPH-20100104AAK, From WHEATLAND, WY, To THE BUTTES, WY; NETWORK OF GLORY, INC., Station WJGS, Facility ID 172173, BMPED-20101012ACO, From THOMSON,......

  9. 77 FR 45352 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-31

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: NORTHSTAR BROADCATING CORPORATION, Station WRSV, Facility ID 54823, BPH-20120530AFQ, From ROCKY MOUNT, NC, To ELM CITY, NC; SIERRA RADIO, INC., Station KVXX, Facility ID 31618, BPH- 20101004ACX, From QUINCY, CA, To CONCOW,...

  10. CULTURAL RADIO BROADCASTS, SOME EXPERIENCES. REPORTS AND PAPERS ON MASS COMMUNICATION, NO. 23.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).

    CULTURAL RADIO PROGRAM DIRECTORS AND PRODUCERS DESCRIBE THE CULTURAL, ARTISTIC, SCIENTIFIC, EDUCATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS AVAILABLE IN THEIR COUNTRIES, EXPLAINING THE VARIOUS ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORKS, THE LISTENING PATTERNS AND TASTES OF THEIR PEOPLE, AND THE PROBLEMS THEY HAVE ENCOUNTERED. THESE INCLUDE PROBLEMS OF MULTIPLE LANGUAGES,…

  11. Audio Control Handbook For Radio and Television Broadcasting. Third Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oringel, Robert S.

    Audio control is the operation of all the types of sound equipment found in the studios and control rooms of a radio or television station. Written in a nontechnical style for beginners, the book explains thoroughly the operation of all types of audio equipment. Diagrams and photographs of commercial consoles, microphones, turntables, and tape…

  12. 76 FR 31961 - Radio Broadcasting Services; AM or FM Proposals To Change the Community of License

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ...The following applicants filed AM or FM proposals to change the community of license: 1TV.COM, INC., Station KIKO, Facility ID 72477, BP-20100824ABA, From MIAMI, AZ, To APACHE JUNCTION, AZ; LA NUEVA CADENA RADIO LUZ, INC., Station KLIT, Facility ID 86722, BPED- 20110502AET, From DEL RIO, TX, To EAGLE PASS, TX; LOUT, JAMES M, Station NEW, Facility ID 170971, BMPH-20100301ABS, From PINELAND, TX,......

  13. Ted Malone: Broadcast Interpretationist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, J. S.

    One of the few broadcast interpretationists recorded in the history of radio, Frank Alden Russell--whose Ted Malone programs spanned three decades on local stations and national networks--perhaps best represents both the initiation and prime of broadcast interpretation. Born in 1908, Russell became interested in oral performance when he was…

  14. 47 CFR 73.1250 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 73.1250 Section 73.1250 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1250 Broadcasting...

  15. 47 CFR 73.1250 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 73.1250 Section 73.1250 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1250 Broadcasting...

  16. 47 CFR 73.1250 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 73.1250 Section 73.1250 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1250 Broadcasting...

  17. 47 CFR 73.1250 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 73.1250 Section 73.1250 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1250 Broadcasting...

  18. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  19. 47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital television broadcast stations. 73.624 Section 73.624 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.624 Digital television broadcast stations. (a) Digital television (“DTV”)...

  20. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital audio broadcasting service requirements... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Audio Broadcasting § 73.403 Digital audio broadcasting service requirements. (a) Broadcast radio stations using IBOC must transmit at least one over-the-air digital...

  1. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  2. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  3. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  4. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  5. 47 CFR 73.4091 - Direct broadcast satellites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Direct broadcast satellites. 73.4091 Section 73.4091 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4091 Direct broadcast satellites. (a)...

  6. Poor Reception for Broadcast Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, Robert D. B.

    1976-01-01

    Noting reports of 17,251 college juniors and seniors majoring in radio-television broadcasting and only 141,500 employees now working in the field, the author discusses the causes and implications including the value of the radio-TV degree and the cost of broadcast education. (JT)

  7. Public Broadcasting: A Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Educational Record, 1981

    1981-01-01

    A potent education force recounts its growth and development amid fiscal and administrative uncertainty. Data identify funding sources for radio and television and illustrate the growth of radio and television broadcasting. The report indicates that 94 percent of all public television stations broadcast some instructional/educational programs.…

  8. Broadcast Services. Information Bulletin No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    Radio and television broadcasting is authorized and regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Following a brief description of the development of broadcasting, broadcast regulations, and the Commission, this report examines various aspects of the subject pertaining to the fairness doctrine, political broadcasting, advertising, sale…

  9. Live from Westminster: Broadcasting the British Parliament.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Peter Hardiman

    1978-01-01

    Describes live radio broadcasting from the chambers of the British Parliament. After 55 years of campaigning by broadcasters and Members of Parliament, and following experimental broadcasting by the BBC and Independent Local Radio, service was installed in April 1978. Initial experimentation, current procedures, and implications for television…

  10. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  11. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  12. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  13. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  14. 47 CFR 73.6011 - Protection of TV broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection of TV broadcast stations. 73.6011... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6011 Protection of TV broadcast stations. Class A TV stations must protect authorized TV broadcast stations, applications for minor...

  15. An evaluation of exposure metrics in an epidemiologic study on radio and television broadcast transmitters and the risk of childhood leukemia.

    PubMed

    Schmiedel, Sven; Brüggemeyer, Hauke; Philipp, Johannes; Wendler, Jost; Merzenich, Hiltrud; Schüz, Joachim

    2009-02-01

    Electric field strength values calculated by wave propagation modeling were applied as an exposure metric in a case-control study conducted in Germany to investigate a possible association between radio frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) emitted from television and radio broadcast transmitters and the risk of childhood leukemia. To validate this approach it was examined at 850 measurement sites whether calculated RF-EMF are an improvement to an exposure proxy based on distance from the place of residence to a transmitter. Further, the agreement between measured and calculated RF-EMF was explored. For dichotomization at the 90% quantiles of the exposure distributions it was found that distance agreed less with measured RF-EMF (Kappa coefficient: 0.55) than did calculated RF-EMF (Kappa coefficient: 0.74). Distance was a good exposure proxy for a single transmitter only which uses the frequency bands of amplitude modulated radio, whereas it appeared to be of limited informative value in studies involving several transmitters, particularly if these are operating in different frequency bands. The analysis of the agreement between calculated RF-EMF and measured RF-EMF showed a sensitivity of 76.6% and a specificity of 97.4%, leading to an exposure misclassification that still allows one to detect a true odds ratio as low as 1.4 with a statistical power of >80% at a two-sided significance level of 5% in a study with 2,000 cases and 6,000 controls. Thus, calculated RF-EMF is confirmed to be an appropriate exposure metric in large-scale epidemiological studies on broadcast transmitters. PMID:19025781

  16. 47 CFR 73.37 - Applications for broadcast facilities, showing required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Applications for broadcast facilities, showing required. 73.37 Section 73.37 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.37 Applications for broadcast facilities, showing required. (a) No...

  17. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  18. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  19. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  20. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  1. 47 CFR 73.4185 - Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4185 Political broadcasting and telecasting, the law of. (a) See “The Law of Political Broadcasting and...

  2. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. 73.21 Section 73.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels...

  3. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. 73.21 Section 73.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels...

  4. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. 73.21 Section 73.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels...

  5. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. 73.21 Section 73.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels...

  6. 47 CFR 73.21 - Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Classes of AM broadcast channels and stations. 73.21 Section 73.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES AM Broadcast Stations § 73.21 Classes of AM broadcast channels...

  7. 47 CFR 73.3574 - Processing of international broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Processing of international broadcast station applications. 73.3574 Section 73.3574 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.3574 Processing of international broadcast...

  8. 47 CFR 73.674 - Digital television transition notices by broadcasters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital television transition notices by broadcasters. 73.674 Section 73.674 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.674 Digital television transition notices by broadcasters. (a)...

  9. 47 CFR 73.674 - Digital television transition notices by broadcasters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Digital television transition notices by broadcasters. 73.674 Section 73.674 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.674 Digital television transition notices by broadcasters. (a)...

  10. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations. 73.801 Section 73.801 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801 Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations....

  11. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast... television broadcast stations. Section 73.624(b) will apply only to the extent that such stations must...

  12. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast... television broadcast stations. Section 73.624(b) will apply only to the extent that such stations must...

  13. 47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... television stations. 73.6026 Section 73.6026 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast... television broadcast stations. Section 73.624(b) will apply only to the extent that such stations must...

  14. Broadcasting in an On-Demand World Creating Community Radio in the Era of Podcasting and Webcasting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Baoill, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    This project examines the impact that internet-based distribution technologies, in particular webcasting and podcasting, are having on the community radio sector in the United States. Through interviews with sector participants, the impact of this changing technological environment on the role of community radio is identified. Internet-based…

  15. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  16. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  17. 47 CFR 73.801 - Broadcast regulations applicable to LPFM stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. Section 73.1201Station identification... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.801...

  18. Computers in Public Broadcasting: Who, What, Where.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yousuf, M. Osman

    This handbook offers guidance to public broadcasting managers on computer acquisition and development activities. Based on a 1981 survey of planned and current computer uses conducted by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) Information Clearinghouse, computer systems in public radio and television broadcasting stations are listed by…

  19. Southeast Asian Broadcasting: The Emergence of Thailand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anatol, Karl W.; Bittner, John R.

    The historical development and evolution of broadcasting in Thailand, from its beginning in 1919, is narrated. Governmental control of broadcasting is discussed briefly, and the development of Southeast Asia's first television station, Thai Television Channel 4, is also surveyed. Today, radio broadcasting in Thailand utilizes A.M., F.M., and F.M.…

  20. Broadcast Stylebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Press International, New York, NY.

    This booklet deals with the unique problem of writing and preparing news for the electronic media where it will be presented orally. The contents of this monograph include "The United Press International Broadcast Newswire,""The United Press International Audio Network,""Broadcast Writing,""Accuracy,""Broadcast Style,""Mechanics of Style,""Words…

  1. Broadcasting and Government; Responsibilities and Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emery, Walter B.

    The role of governmental agencies in the control of wire and radio communication, especially broadcasting, is explained. A major portion of the book concerns the broadcast spectrum, its character and utility for communications, and the technical rules which govern the allocation of radio frequencies and their use by various classes of stations,…

  2. Audio podcasts in practical courses in biochemistry – cost-efficient e-learning in a well-proven format from radio broadcasting

    PubMed Central

    Münch-Harrach, Dieter; Kothe, Christian; Hampe, Wolfgang

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Audio podcasts are an e-learning format that may help to motivate students to deal with the contents of medical education more intensely. We adopted a well-proven format from radio broadcasting, the radio documentary, to direct the listeners’ attention to information about practical courses in biochemistry over a period of 20 minutes at most. Information, original sounds, and a specific atmosphere allow listeners to perceive the contents intensely. Method: In order to organise the production of the podcast as cost-efficient and least time-consuming as possible, a student, a teacher, a clinician, and a technical assistant compile the core themes of their respective text blocks in an editorial conference first. After that, the speakers can elaborate on and record their blocks independently. Coordination is widely handled by the student. At two points of time, the podcasts were evaluated by the medical students by means of a questionnaire. Results: With little cost and time expenses, eight podcasts were produced. They have been used by the students extensively and have also been evaluated very positively by non-student listeners. For long-term usage, a regular reference to the podcast offer is required in the courses. Conclusion: Involving students, successful podcasts can be produced to support classroom teaching with little expenses and contribute to the external presentation of the medical faculty. PMID:24282447

  3. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  4. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  5. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  6. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  7. 47 CFR 73.297 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.297... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.297 FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. (a) An FM..., quadraphonic, etc.) sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment under...

  8. 47 CFR 74.102 - Uses of experimental broadcast stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Uses of experimental broadcast stations. 74.102... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Experimental Broadcast Stations § 74.102 Uses of experimental broadcast stations. A license for an experimental...

  9. Radio and Television in Literacy. A Survey of the Use of the Broadcasting Media in Combating Illiteracy among Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddison, John

    Information obtained in a survey of the uses of radio and television in connection with literacy work in 40 countries of the world is presented. Much of the information consists of replies to Unesco questionnaires on the subject. The countries surveyed were: Algeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Ethiopia, Gabon,…

  10. The Role of Educational Broadcasts in Japanese Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro; Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    School broadcasting has a relatively long history in Japan. Radio programs intended for school use were inaugurated by NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) in 1935, and school television broadcasting began in 1953. As of April 1983, the NHK sends 13 hours and 50 minutes of radio programs and 33 hours and 30 minutes of television programs per week,…

  11. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES General; Rules Applicable to All Services in Part 74 §...

  12. School Broadcast Utilization in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro

    A school broadcast utilization survey was conducted between September and November 1975 from a total of 73,048 kindergartens, nurseries, primary schools, junior high schools, senior high schools, and special schools in Japan. Survey questions focused on the usage rates of TV, radio, and VTR as well as utilization of NHK's TV and radio school…

  13. Case Studies in Broadcast Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Howard W.

    This collection of case studies, based on factual situations which have challenged broadcast managers in recent years, is designed to stimulate thinking about and solving of "real world" problems in commercial radio and television operations. Topics of a serious, long-run nature include enlarging the radio audience; station revenue and economy;…

  14. A Comparison of Four Western Russian-Language Broadcasters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oliver, James H.

    1977-01-01

    Content analysis of broadcasts by Voice of America, Radio Liberty, the British Broadcasting Corporation, and Deutche Welle to the Soviet Union revealed differences in political environments and purposes of sponsoring nations. (KS)

  15. 47 CFR 74.1204 - Protection of FM broadcast, FM Translator and LP100 stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection of FM broadcast, FM Translator and LP100 stations. 74.1204 Section 74.1204 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES FM Broadcast...

  16. 47 CFR 73.1210 - TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico. 73.1210 Section 73.1210 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1210 TV/FM...

  17. 47 CFR 73.1210 - TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico. 73.1210 Section 73.1210 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1210 TV/FM...

  18. 47 CFR 73.1210 - TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico. 73.1210 Section 73.1210 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1210 TV/FM...

  19. 47 CFR 73.1210 - TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico. 73.1210 Section 73.1210 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1210 TV/FM...

  20. 47 CFR 73.2090 - Ban on discrimination in broadcast transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ban on discrimination in broadcast transactions. 73.2090 Section 73.2090 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.2090 Ban...

  1. 47 CFR 73.758 - System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service. 73.758 Section 73.758 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES International Broadcast Stations § 73.758 System specifications...

  2. 47 CFR 73.758 - System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service. 73.758 Section 73.758 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES International Broadcast Stations § 73.758 System specifications...

  3. 47 CFR 74.501 - Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. 74.501 Section 74.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO... Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.501 Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. (a) Aural broadcast...

  4. 47 CFR 74.501 - Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. 74.501 Section 74.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO... Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.501 Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. (a) Aural broadcast...

  5. 47 CFR 74.501 - Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. 74.501 Section 74.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO... Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.501 Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. (a) Aural broadcast...

  6. 47 CFR 74.501 - Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. 74.501 Section 74.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO... Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.501 Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. (a) Aural broadcast...

  7. 47 CFR 74.501 - Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. 74.501 Section 74.501 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO... Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.501 Classes of aural broadcast auxiliary stations. (a) Aural broadcast...

  8. Radio wave.

    PubMed

    Elkin, V

    1992-01-01

    In developing countries with high rates of poverty and illiteracy, radio is emerging as an excellent medium for delivering information on health issues, family planning, nutrition, and agricultural development. Since radio does not require wired electricity, it can reach remote rural populations. Surveys have found that between 50-75% of poor rural households in developing countries own radios, and the majority listen to educational radio at least once a week. A program that reaches the urban poor outside of Lima, Peru, has been instrumental in controlling the spread of cholera. A Bolivian station broadcasts 8 hours of literacy, health, agricultural, and cultural programming a day to an audience of more than 2 million Aymara Indians. Small village radio stations with a broadcast range of 15 miles can be established for under US$400 and can generally achieve sustainability through local fundraising events such as raffles. In many cases, listeners have become broadcasters at their local radio stations. PMID:12286181

  9. Digital audio and video broadcasting by satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshino, Takehiko

    In parallel with the progress of the practical use of satellite broadcasting and Hi-Vision or high-definition television technologies, research activities are also in progress to replace the conventional analog broadcasting services with a digital version. What we call 'digitalization' is not a mere technical matter but an important subject which will help promote multichannel or multimedia applications and, accordingly, can change the old concept of mass media, such as television or radio. NHK Science and Technical Research Laboratories has promoted studies of digital bandwidth compression, transmission, and application techniques. The following topics are covered: the trend of digital broadcasting; features of Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB); compression encoding and transmission; transmission bit rate in 12 GHz band; number of digital TV transmission channels; multichannel pulse code modulation (PCM) audio broadcasting system via communication satellite; digital Hi-Vision broadcasting; and development of digital audio broadcasting (DAB) for mobile reception in Japan.

  10. 22 CFR 502.4 - Media or organization one-time requests for broadcast quality agency program materials.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... broadcast-quality copies of Voice of America program materials; and (b) The TV Marti Division of the Office of Cuba Broadcasting for broadcast-quality copies of TV or Radio Marti program materials....

  11. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  12. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  13. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  14. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  15. 47 CFR 74.705 - TV broadcast analog station protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false TV broadcast analog station protection. 74.705... EXPERIMENTAL RADIO, AUXILIARY, SPECIAL BROADCAST AND OTHER PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Low Power TV, TV Translator, and TV Booster Stations § 74.705 TV broadcast analog station protection. (a) The TV...

  16. 47 CFR 74.21 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 74.21 Section 74.21 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES... Applicable to All Services in Part 74 § 74.21 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency...

  17. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  18. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  19. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  20. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  1. 47 CFR 73.597 - FM stereophonic sound broadcasting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false FM stereophonic sound broadcasting. 73.597... RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Noncommercial Educational FM Broadcast Stations § 73.597 FM stereophonic sound..., transmit stereophonic sound programs upon installation of stereophonic sound transmitting equipment...

  2. 47 CFR 5.219 - Broadcasting emergency information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Broadcasting emergency information. 5.219 Section 5.219 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL EXPERIMENTAL RADIO SERVICE Broadcast Experimental Licenses § 5.219 Broadcasting emergency information. (a) In an emergency where normal communication facilities have been...

  3. Western European Broadcasting in Transition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grandi, Roberto

    1978-01-01

    Presents an overview of the history and trends of the broadcasting industry in Western Europe during the 1970s, particulary national television, cable, and radio. Briefly outlines the growing conflict between centralization and decentralization and the effects of foreign influences. (JMF)

  4. Rehabilitation Broadcasts for Rural Areas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mental Health Centre, Peshawar (Pakistan).

    The document presents a series of 14 scripts focusing on families with disabled children, written in English for radio broadcast in translation to rural village areas in Pakistan. Intended to educate the public concerning disabilities and how families can help their handicapped children participate as fully as possible in community life, the…

  5. Broadcasts for Schools: The Under-Used Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shorrocks, Alec

    1980-01-01

    Notes common problems in using audiovisual aids in the classroom but points out that television and radio are undervalued and underused educational resources. Discusses British Broadcasting Corporation television and radio programs that would be valuable in teaching English. (GT)

  6. 47 CFR 73.756 - System specifications for double-sideband (DBS) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false System specifications for double-sideband (DBS) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service. 73.756 Section 73.756 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES International Broadcast Stations § 73.756...

  7. 47 CFR 73.757 - System specifications for single-sideband (SSB) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false System specifications for single-sideband (SSB) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service. 73.757 Section 73.757 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES International Broadcast Stations § 73.757...

  8. 47 CFR 73.757 - System specifications for single-sideband (SSB) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false System specifications for single-sideband (SSB) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service. 73.757 Section 73.757 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES International Broadcast Stations § 73.757...

  9. 47 CFR 73.757 - System specifications for single-sideband (SSB) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false System specifications for single-sideband (SSB) modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service. 73.757 Section 73.757 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES International Broadcast Stations § 73.757...

  10. Making Waves: Pirate Radio and Popular Music.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Steve

    The history of pirate radio--radio broadcasts offered by unlicensed broadcasters as alternatives to licensed, commercial radio programming--is difficult to trace, both in America and the United Kingdom (UK) since mention of pirate broadcasts of a less-then-thrilling nature are rarely found. Also, until 1927, the U.S. government did not formally…

  11. Educational Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes information about the history, technology, and operation of educational radio in the U.S. Also presented are the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) rules and regulations concerning the licensing and channel assignment of educational radio, and its auxiliary special broadcast services. Included are the application…

  12. Broadcast Operator Handbook. Radiotelephone 3rd Class Operators' Permit. Broadcast Endorsement. First Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1976

    Intended to serve as a practical study guide for those applicants interested in obtaining the Radiotelephone Third Class Operator Permit with the endorsement to operate broadcast radio stations, this manual is also designed to be helpful as a concise reference for those operators already active in the field of broadcasting. Chapters 1 and 2 are…

  13. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast... numerical designations which are shown in the table below: Frequency (Mc/s) Channel No. 88.1 201 88.3 202...

  14. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast... numerical designations which are shown in the table below: Frequency (Mc/s) Channel No. 88.1 201 88.3 202...

  15. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast... numerical designations which are shown in the table below: Frequency (Mc/s) Channel No. 88.1 201 88.3 202...

  16. 47 CFR 73.201 - Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Numerical designation of FM broadcast channels... SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES FM Broadcast Stations § 73.201 Numerical designation of FM broadcast... numerical designations which are shown in the table below: Frequency (Mc/s) Channel No. 88.1 201 88.3 202...

  17. The Role of Educational Broadcasts in Japanese Schools. 2nd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro; Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

    School broadcasting has a relatively long history in Japan. Radio programs intended for school use were inaugurated by NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) in 1935, and school television broadcasting began in 1953. As of April 1986, the NHK sends 7 hours and 30 minutes of radio programs and 32 hours and 15 minutes of television programs per week,…

  18. 47 CFR 73.674 - Digital television transition notices by broadcasters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Digital television transition notices by... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.674 Digital television... broadcasting to digital television (DTV). For each such commercial station, a licensee or permittee must...

  19. 47 CFR 73.674 - Digital television transition notices by broadcasters.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital television transition notices by... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Television Broadcast Stations § 73.674 Digital television... broadcasting to digital television (DTV). For each such commercial station, a licensee or permittee must...

  20. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  1. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  2. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  3. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  4. 33 CFR 72.01-25 - Marine broadcast notice to mariners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Marine broadcast notice to... SECURITY AIDS TO NAVIGATION MARINE INFORMATION Notices to Mariners § 72.01-25 Marine broadcast notice to... mines. Radio stations broadcasting marine information are listed in “Radio Navigational Aids”...

  5. Satellite sound broadcast research aspect in CRL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hase, Yoshihiro; Kondo, Kimio; Ohmori, Shingo

    1990-01-01

    Researches on Satellite Sound Broadcasting Services (SSBS) have become active in the past few years. Activities of the Consultative Committee for International Radio (CCIR) and the World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC), especially about digital systems proposed in the CCIR report, are briefly reviewed. The Communications Research Laboratory (CRL) future plan of SSBS research, stressing propagation rather than communications aspects, is described.

  6. Acoustics of a broadcast center

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beristain, Sergio

    2003-04-01

    A broadcast system in Mexico City had to change facilities in order to concentrate in a single site all related broadcast stations and production studios in order to facilitate its normal operation. This led to a design which included the acoustic noise isolation and the interior acoustics of every studio and control room, together with the audio interconection, the electricity layout, the air conditioning system, the office building, etc. This paper presents the acoustics profile of the center, including final results of the construction as they were measured on completion of the installation. The complex has seven AM and FM broadcast stations, plus seven production studios for news, commercials and radio-novels plus an audio master control room, and everything was completed within four months.

  7. Radios in the Classroom: Curriculum Integration and Communication Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ninno, Anton

    2000-01-01

    Describes radio applications for education and summarizes radio activities for elementary and secondary school classrooms. Discusses teaching the history of radio communications; AM-FM radio; international shortwave broadcasts; NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) weather service broadcasts; scanner radios; and amateur radios.…

  8. Satellite sound broadcasting system, portable reception

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser; Vaisnys, Arvydas

    1990-01-01

    Studies are underway at JPL in the emerging area of Satellite Sound Broadcast Service (SSBS) for direct reception by low cost portable, semi portable, mobile and fixed radio receivers. This paper addresses the portable reception of digital broadcasting of monophonic audio with source material band limited to 5 KHz (source audio comparable to commercial AM broadcasting). The proposed system provides transmission robustness, uniformity of performance over the coverage area and excellent frequency reuse. Propagation problems associated with indoor portable reception are considered in detail and innovative antenna concepts are suggested to mitigate these problems. It is shown that, with the marriage of proper technologies a single medium power satellite can provide substantial direct satellite audio broadcast capability to CONUS in UHF or L Bands, for high quality portable indoor reception by low cost radio receivers.

  9. ABibliography of Doctoral Dissertations in Television and Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Kenneth R., Comp.

    The third edition of this bibliography of doctoral dissertations in television and radio lists over 900 titles reported through June of 1970. The dissertations have been grouped into categories such as commercial broadcasting; educational broadcasting; broadcasting and government; broadcasting, politics, and controversial issues; broadcasting as…

  10. A Three-nation Comparative Analysis of Broadcast Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kang, Seok; Wolfe, Arnold S.; Kang, Jong G.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the radio-television, or broadcast, curricula of colleges and universities in the United States, Britain, and Korea in order to discover how these curricula are configured and how they resemble and differ from one another. Attempts to trace the philosophical roots, history, and status of broadcast education in the three nations.…

  11. Patterns of Performance: Public Broadcasting and Education 1974-1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlisle, Robert D. B., Comp.

    Intended as a practical inventory of ways that public broadcasting has been used for education, this volume is divided into three sections that deal with television, radio, and research articles. The section on television discusses the method, material, and changing context of educational broadcasting; analyzes the programing and funding of…

  12. Telling a Good Story: Origins of Broadcast Drama Criticism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Kay D.

    To gain insight into how critical standards for broadcast drama evolved with time, this paper examines the critical response to the development of broadcast drama in the first two decades of radio (1920-1940), as reported in the periodical press. The paper is based on two underlying assumptions: (1) that the stories a society tells are indicative…

  13. School Broadcasting in the United Kingdom: An Exploratory History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crook, David

    2007-01-01

    In the United Kingdom, television for schools is 50 years old in 2007. The anniversary provides a reason to undertake an exploratory history of school broadcasting, an area that has received very little attention from historians of British education. The first part of this article examines the origins of school radio broadcasting, focusing…

  14. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting. 1977 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    Activities of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) in its fiscal year ending September 30, 1977 are described in terms of television, radio, and other educational activities, as well as technology, legislation, long-term funding, human resources development, and general financing of public broadcasting. Other information includes CPB…

  15. Beyond LEGOs: Building Blocks of Broadcast Studios in Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sconyers, AllyeB G.; Mayol, Matthew R.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the typical spaces found in a school communications department, such as a classroom/laboratory, and offline production, online production, and radio and TV broadcast studios. Briefly describes design requirements for such spaces. (EV)

  16. Options in education, Program No. 83, June 27, 1977. Art in American Schools. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    A radio program about arts in American schools includes interviews with students, art teachers, parents, and heads of research panels. The commentators point out that many people think of art as something done by geniuses. The American attitude toward art must be changed, and children should be given the opportunity for creative expression in…

  17. Options in Education. Program No. 87. Sex and Sexism in Education: Part 1. Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Public Radio, Washington, DC.

    This booklet is a transcription of a program from the radio series, "Options in Education." It is Part 1 of a two-part series dealing with sexism in education. It deals with the problems of women in higher education, including sex discrimination in administrative jobs, salary inequities, math and other traditionally masculine subjects. A number of…

  18. Testing & Research, Part I. Options in Education: Program Transcripts of a Weekly Series Broadcast by Member Stations of National Public Radio. Program No. 78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Several program transcripts on educational testing from the National Public Radio series, Options in Education, are included in this pamphlet. In "The I.Q. Controversy," Ned Block discusses culturally biased standardized tests. Dr. Harold Hodgkinson, former Director of the National Institute of Education, and Noel Epstein, Education Editor of the…

  19. Educational Broadcasts of NHK; Special Issue of NHK Today and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japanese National Commission for UNESCO, Tokyo.

    Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK), the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan. This booklet lists the schedule of courses offered by NHK on educational television and radio for 1972. A wide range of instructional broadcasts are offered. For school children from kindergarten through high school,…

  20. Educational Broadcasts of NHK. (Special Issue of NHK Today and Tomorrow).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japanese National Commission for UNESCO, Tokyo.

    Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK--Japan Broadcasting Company) is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan. It is financed entirely with receivers' fees paid by television and radio set owners. NHK conducts a variety of educational broadcast activities. Two services provided by NHK are the Gauken senior high school correspondence program…

  1. Educational Broadcasts of NHK. Special Issue of NHK Today and Tomorrow.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Japan Broadcasting Co., Tokyo

    An overview of the full range of educational broadcasts offered by Nippon Hoso Kyokai (NHK) is presented. Nippon Hoso Kyokai, which translates to English as Japan Broadcasting Company, is the only public service broadcasting organization in Japan; it operates two AM radio networks, one FM network, and two television networks and is completely…

  2. How to Start a Public Broadcasting Station.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    The procedures for establishing a public broadcasting station are outlined in this book. The first section, devoted to planning for necessary prebroadcast activities, discusses the kinds of licensee groups and the search to determine available radio frequencies or open TV channels. The second section discusses the functions of various national…

  3. Digital Broadcasting in Hawaii: The Aloha System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramson, Norman

    1974-01-01

    A look at the ALOHA SYSTEM research project at the University of Hawaii, which developed and built a computer-communication network based upon the use of UHF radio broadcast channels for console to computer and computer to computer communication. (Author)

  4. Broadcast Journalism; An Introduction to News Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Mark W.

    The important features of writing news for radio and television are covered in this book. Ways to write colorful, accurate, and timely stories are explained with the emphasis on the differences between broadcast and newspaper stories. Other subjects treated are sources of news (including explanations of how the Associated Press copy works and how…

  5. Broadcasting Student Internships: Put Them in Writing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ware, P. Dale

    A written broadcasting internship contract has proved to serve the best interests of the intern, the school, and the radio or television station. Among other things, such a contract can specify the commitments of the intern and the advisors, the hours and times of station work, the academic credit to be earned, and the learning experiences to be…

  6. Audio direct broadcast satellites

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, J. E.

    1983-01-01

    Satellite sound broadcasting is, as the name implies, the use of satellite techniques and technology to broadcast directly from space to low-cost, consumer-quality receivers the types of sound programs commonly received in the AM and FM broadcast bands. It would be a ubiquitous service available to the general public in the home, in the car, and out in the open.

  7. Memo to All Young People Interested in Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    Unlicensed radio operation may interfere with regular broadcast reception and radio communication for safety services. In this bulletin, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) advises teenagers not to violate the law, but to pursue their interest in radio broadcast by joining the Amateur Radio Service or qualifying for a commercial permit.…

  8. 47 CFR 73.870 - Processing of LPFM broadcast station applications.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Low Power FM Broadcast Stations (LPFM) § 73.870 Processing of.... These distance limitations do not apply to amendments or applications proposing transmitter site... paragraph (b) of this section that fail to meet the § 73.807 minimum distance separations with respect...

  9. Educative Activities of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and the National Film Board of Canada. New Technologies in Canadian Education Series. Paper 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swan, Susan

    The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) is Canada's publicly-owned broadcast network that provides programming to both English and French national television and AM/FM radio networks. While the CBC was not designed to fill a formal education role in Canada, it does broadcast informative radio and television programs on a complete range of…

  10. The Status of Broadcast Education in Institutions of Higher Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Garland C.

    1983-01-01

    Surveyed different departments that offer undergraduate degrees in radio-television-film. Compared (1) philosophies; (2) semester hours offered and required in radio-television-film; (3) faculty qualifications; (4) dollars invested in equipment and training facilities; and (5) student enrollment degree data. Departments included broadcasting,…

  11. Educational Electronic Information Dissemination and Broadcast Services: History, Current Infrastructure and Public Broadcasting Requirements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singh, Jai P.; Morgan, Robert P.

    This memorandum describes the results of a study on electronic educational information dissemination and broadcast services in the United States. Included are detailed discussions of the historical development and current infrastructure (both in terms of organization and physical plant) of the following services: educational radio and television…

  12. Policies for regulation of direct broadcast satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Setzer, F. O.; Franca, B. A.; Cornell, N. W.

    1980-09-01

    The potential market for satellite to home television broadcasting was examined and recommendations were made to the FCC concerning appropriate regulatory policies for direct broadcast satellites (DBS) for the period following the 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference (RARC). It is concluded that many substitutes for DBS will be available in the market for subscription video programming. Either conventional broadcast regulation, which assumes scarcity of channels, nor common carrier regulation, which assumes monopoly power will be appropriate. The report recommends several functions the Commission should perform because of its spectrum allocation responsibilities, but recommends that the Commission make no rules concerning compatibility, signal quality, ownership of receiving equipment, program content, prices, service offerings, or control of channels.

  13. 77 FR 1661 - Private Land Mobile Radio Service Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-11

    ... Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed... definition is that for Radio and Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment Manufacturers... Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment Manufacturing, which is: All such firms...

  14. Milestones in Broadcasting: Antennas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Media in Education and Development, 1985

    1985-01-01

    Briefly describes the development of antennas in the prebroadcast era (elevated antenna, selectivity to prevent interference between stations, birth of diplex, directional properties, support structures), as well as technological developments used in long-, medium-, and short-wave broadcasting, VHF/FM and television broadcasting, and satellite…

  15. Television Broadcasting and Ethics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harriott, J. F. X., Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Topics in this special journal issue are research suggesting television encourages higher behavior standards among children; processes British broadcasters use to decide what to show or not to show on television; the role of broadcasting in nonformal adult education; the influence of international television; and neglected issues regarding…

  16. National Workplace Literacy Program. Garment-Related Bilingual (English and Chinese) Broadcast Lessons. Book 1 and 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Ha Yin

    A compilation of transcripts of 100 bilingual English/Chinese broadcast lessons for workers in the garment industry is presented. The lessons are part of the New York Chinatown Manpower Project's Workplace Literacy Program. With the support of the Sino Radio Broadcast Corporation, the lessons are broadcast daily in the morning and again after the…

  17. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges,...

  18. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges,...

  19. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges,...

  20. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges,...

  1. 37 CFR 253.5 - Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges and universities. 253.5 Section 253.5 Patents... BROADCASTING § 253.5 Performance of musical compositions by public broadcasting entities licensed to colleges... nondramatic musical compositions by noncommercial radio stations which are licensed to colleges,...

  2. Satellite broadcasting - Capabilities for public service

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marsten, R. B.

    1975-01-01

    Satellite broadcast services to support health-care and educational transmissions must work with small, low-cost terminals in allocated radio-frequency bands. The ATS-6 spacecraft has successfully demonstrated such capability in the bands of non-technical users. It supports interactive television broadcasting to simple, low-cost terminals in a nationwide series of experiments in the delivery of health-care and educational services. ATS-6 achieves this capability with a very large antenna and moderate transmitter power. The coverage limitations inherent in this approach will be overcome by the joint U.S.-Canadian Communications Technology Satellite to be launched in December 1975. The CTS will demonstrate broadcast capability with new, high-power technology in a newly-allocated radio-frequency band. This will make it possible to use smaller antennas, greatly enlarging the area coverage available to the many nontechnical experimenters using CTS for their own needs. A practical application of these technologies is now in development for operational broadcasting services in Japan.

  3. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or multichannel multipoint distribution services. 1... Broadcast Signals, Direct Broadcast Satellite Services, or Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Services or... impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or...

  4. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or multichannel multipoint distribution services. 1... Broadcast Signals, Direct Broadcast Satellite Services, or Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Services or... impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or...

  5. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or multichannel multipoint distribution services. 1... Broadcast Signals, Direct Broadcast Satellite Services, or Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Services or... impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or...

  6. Workplace Training at SBS Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simons, Lynette

    2001-01-01

    Notes that at Australia's Special Broadcasting Services Radio, workplace training is an essential requirement for on-air staff but a degree in journalism or communications is an enormous advantage. Describes several in-house accredited competency-based modules in journalism and broadcasting. (RS)

  7. Incorporating the Campus Radio Station into Your Emergency Communications Plan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Thomas C.

    2008-01-01

    Radio stations have been a mainstay of American life since the 1920s. Broadcasting primarily over AM and FM frequencies, American radio stations have been used to provide entertainment, news, weather, and advertising to the public. Beginning in 1963 and continuing until 1997, local radio stations were part of the Emergency Broadcast System (EBS)…

  8. Television Broadcasting for Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Geoffrey

    1973-01-01

    An outline of the BBC's provision of television for British schools describing the constitution and function of the School Broadcasting Council and the role of the BBC School Television Department. (Author)

  9. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  10. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  11. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  12. 47 CFR 73.6020 - Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Protection of stations in the land mobile radio... RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6020 Protection of stations in the land mobile radio service. An application for digital operation of an existing Class A...

  13. Children's Stories through the Air: Librarian-Broadcasters, 1922-1941

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, Cindy C.

    2012-01-01

    Children's librarians were active radio broadcasters as early as 1922, when American commercial radio was just beginning. As they utilized the new technology of radio to promote reading, literature and outreach, they transferred techniques and materials already familiar from their work in neighborhood libraries. This article documents children's…

  14. Broadcast Evaluation Report Number Four: Industrial Chemistry Component 524: TV7 R3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, Margaret

    The Institute of Educational Technology of the British Open University evaluated an Open University broadcast course in the chemistry of carbon compounds. Industrial chemistry was a separate but parallel component of the course which was presented by television and radio broadcast. Questionnaires, telephone interviews, and group discussions were…

  15. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  16. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  17. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  18. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  19. 47 CFR 76.1601 - Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Deletion or repositioning of broadcast signals. 76.1601 Section 76.1601 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1601 Deletion...

  20. The Right Not to Hear as a Rationale for Broadcast Regulation: A Review and an Appraisal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glasser, Theodore L.; Jassem, Harvey C.

    "FCC v. Pacifica Foundation," a 1978 case involving a radio broadcast considered to be indecent, was the first United States Supreme Court litigation using the right of privacy, or the right not to hear, as a rationale for broadcast regulation of programing. The issue of pornography best illustrates the judiciary's understanding of the conflict…

  1. Oral Interpretation and Broadcasting at Individual Events Tournaments: An Interdisciplinary Tournament Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Harold L.

    Since the American Forensic Association has sanctioned recording individual events competition, it might be in the interest of competition to combine oral interpretation and radio/television broadcast competition into simultaneous competition. Voice development is a goal shared by oral interpretation and broadcasting, so oral interpretation…

  2. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... compositions by other public broadcasting entities. 253.6 Section 253.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights U.S... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed...

  3. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... compositions by other public broadcasting entities. 253.6 Section 253.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed...

  4. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... compositions by other public broadcasting entities. 253.6 Section 253.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed...

  5. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... compositions by other public broadcasting entities. 253.6 Section 253.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed...

  6. 37 CFR 253.6 - Performance of musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... compositions by other public broadcasting entities. 253.6 Section 253.6 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights... musical compositions by other public broadcasting entities. (a) Scope. This section applies to the performance of copyrighted published nondramatic musical compositions by radio stations not licensed...

  7. Short-Wave Radio: An Aid to Language Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutcavage, Charles P.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses use of short-wave radio broadcasts as method for expanding students' appreciation of practical advantages of language learning. Suggests use of news broadcasts and gives guidelines for using broadcasts such as level of aural comprehension in class. (Author/BK)

  8. Satellite sound broadcasting system study: Mobile considerations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1990-01-01

    Discussed here is the mobile reception part of a study to investigate a satellite sound broadcast system in the UHF or L bands. Existing propagation and reception measurements are used with proper interpretation to evaluate the signaling, coding, and diversity alternatives suitable for the system. Signal attenuation in streets shadowed by buildings appear to be around 29 db, considerably higher than the 10 db adopted by CCIR. With the marriage of proper technologies, an LMSS class satellite can provide substantial direct satellite audio broadcast capability in UHF or L bands for high quality mobile and portable indoor reception by low cost radio receivers. This scheme requires terrestrial repeaters for satisfactory mobile reception in urban areas. A specialized bandwidth efficient spread spectrum signalling technique is particularly suitable for the terrestrial repeaters.

  9. Children, Radio and Television--Now and in the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Von Feilitzen, Cecilia; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Describes aspects of television and radio broadcasting in Sweden. Particular attention is given to children's programs, children's viewing patterns, the influence of TV on children, and how to improve the quality of radio and television programs. (Author/SS)

  10. Legal Problems in Broadcasting: Identification and Analysis of Selected Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toohey, Daniel W.; And Others

    This book is designed as an introduction and reference to broadcast law for commercial and noncommercial station managers and staff, college students of radio and television, and general readers. It is divided into two sections, "Freedom of Expression and Related Issues" and "Business Aspects of Programming." The first section contains seven…

  11. Science Broadcasting: A Look Towards a 1976 Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevenson, Jim

    1975-01-01

    Describes the two and one-half year process of developing a genetics course for Britain's Open University. The final package of print, television, radio, home experiments, summer schools and a number of assignments and examinations is a product of the course team of Open University staff, British Broadcasting Corporation production staff, and…

  12. Direct Broadcast Satellites: An Interview with Hartford Gunn.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library Hi Tech, 1984

    1984-01-01

    In this interview with Hartford Gunn, Vice-President of Program Development for Satellite Television Corporation (STC), the concept of direct broadcast by satellite (DBS) is explored. Allocation of radio frequencies, services provided by DBS network, home installation and purchase of dish antenna, and comparison of DBS with cable television are…

  13. 47 CFR 73.403 - Digital audio broadcasting service requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... programming stream at no direct charge to listeners. In addition, a broadcast radio station must simulcast its analog audio programming on one of its digital audio programming streams. The DAB audio programming... analog programming service currently provided to listeners. (b) Emergency information. The...

  14. Guide to Understanding Broadcast License Applications and Other FCC Forms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jennings, Ralph M.

    In order to encourage more citizen action and public awareness in broadcasting, this guide enumerates the step-by-step procedures that citizens must take to deal with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). The guide exhaustively reviews the policy areas where current FCC television and radio licenses are vulnerable to public scrutiny. It…

  15. Humor as a Presentational Device in Broadcast Public Service Announcements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, D. J.

    On a daily basis, American television and radio audiences are subjected to a stream of broadcast Public Service Announcements (PSAs), each promoting "some kind of social or economic action deemed beneficial" (Stridsberg, 1977). Often, these announcements employ humor as a presentational device to help stimulate the behavioral change needed to…

  16. Direct Broadcasting Satellites in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maeda, Jiro

    The development and use of broadcasting satellites in Japan are discussed in this paper. The paper describes the medium-scale experimental broadcasting satellite, YURI, launched by NASA in 1978, and reports that experiments with YURI in the areas of basic technologies in the broadcasting satellite system, experiments on satellite control…

  17. Leadership in Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverman, Fred

    The objective for the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is leadership that grows from excellence. This type of leadership requires that the network serve the diversity of the total population, present programs that develop new approaches to viewers' interests, strive for excellence in craftsmanship, program content, and management, and exercise…

  18. CATV and the Broadcasters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanagan, Bill

    Competition between cable television systems (CATV) and regular broadcast stations concerns pay-TV and distant signal importation. The pay-TV that CATV provides competes with the networks by "siphoning" away sports and feature films, while the distant signals that CATV imports to a local market "fragment" the local audience and thus reduce the…

  19. The FCC and Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report outlines the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) regulatory authority over the licensing and operation of commercial, educational, and public broadcasting in the United States. Also described are rules and regulations governing the program content and advertising, in relation to the fairness doctrine, free speech, and public…

  20. Racial Justice in Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Church of Christ, New York, NY.

    In response to allegations of blacks that broadcasting stations, especially in the South, discriminate against their interests, the Office of Communications of the United Church of Christ undertook a two-year project (1968-70) to combat discriminatory practices. The project attacked two widespread practices: non-employment or under-employment of…

  1. A Radio Station Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geva, Edna

    2002-01-01

    Describes a radio program in an English-as-a-Foreign-Language classroom in Israel. Classrooms of English students listen carefully to daily broadcasts, waiting to solve the brain teaser. Personal messages and catchy music follow the program. The project has encouraged students to use English actively and purposefully. Evaluation of the broadcasts…

  2. Public Radio Programming Content by Category, Fiscal Year 1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendel, Robin; And Others

    Part of a series of statistical surveys on public broadcasting based on data supplied by public television and Corporation for Public Broadcasting qualified public radio stations, this report provides details of public radio program content for fiscal year 1982. The chapters include information on the following: (1) definitions and categories; (2)…

  3. 76 FR 27296 - Private Land Mobile Radio Service Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-11

    ... copies. See Electronic Filing of Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121 (1998). Electronic... broadcasting equipment.'' See U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 NAICS Definitions, ``334220 Radio and Television.../NDEF334.HTM#N3342 . The SBA small business size standard for Radio and Television Broadcasting...

  4. American Issues Radio Forum: Programs 5-9, Book 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spoehr, Luther

    An overview of the final five monthly programs in the American Issues Radio Forum series broadcast by the member stations of the National Public Radio System is presented. These broadcasts started in September 1975 and continued to May 1976. They formed a "live" rational dialogue, focusing upon issues which have confronted America. Each program…

  5. Politics and Radio in the 1924 Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berkman, Dave

    1987-01-01

    Discusses the relation between radio broadcasting and politics in the 1924 presidential campaign, focusing on newspaper and magazine coverage. Notes radio's influence on candidate image, the aspect of censorship, and the use of radio during the campaign and after the election. (MM)

  6. Obstacles to broadcasting for national integration in Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Amienyi, O P

    1989-01-01

    In Nigeria, the media is the major government vehicle to achieve national integration. The problems arise from the approximately 250 ethnic groups speaking many languages. Television and radio have caused disintegration by emphasizing alienation and polarization rather than unity. With more than 178 languages there are major problems for radio and television. The government leaders have promoted a strong interest in creating a unified society through broadcasting, but at the same time have allowed media managers to operate towards goals of ethnic protection. Religion is also a factor that hinders broadcasting for national unity, since there are Hausa and Muslim in the north, Catholic in the south-east, and in the south-west there are many African ethnic religions. More than 60% of the local programming on television is keyed to local religious subjects. Illiteracy is also a problem in the use of broadcasting in the goal of national integration. Only through education of a socially conscious people can the religious fanaticism, ethnocentrism, and tribalism be overcome to form a united nation. Broadcasting can play an important role consistent with the needs of society as a whole. Managers in broadcasting must be well educated, well trained and understand the needs and ambitions of society. They need to support these needs and ambitions, and be constructively critical when necessary for the betterment of society. PMID:12316205

  7. Satellite broadcasting in Europe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartholome, P.

    1984-05-01

    Three main communications services are recognized by the International Telecommunications Union: the Fixed Service, the Mobile Service and the Broadcasting Service. In Europe, EUTELSAT has just begun to exploit the first ECS satellite. The ESA-launched satellite was originally designed to provide an international public telecommunication service, however, the satellite will be used now almost exclusively for TV program distribution, while a second ECS satellite will be used for telephony. Despite plans for the launch of a third, countries in Europe are looking to other organizations such as INTELSAT for greater satellite capacity. Other organizations include Unisat, DFS/Copernicus, GDL, and Videosat. Both satellite and cable networks will increase the program-viewing audience, thus encouraging plans for a pan-European television service intended for an international audience. Although the combination of cable networks and distribution satellites looks promising, high-power broadcasting satellites will play an important role because of flexibility and additional program distribution.

  8. Reliable broadcast protocols

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Joseph, T. A.; Birman, Kenneth P.

    1989-01-01

    A number of broadcast protocols that are reliable subject to a variety of ordering and delivery guarantees are considered. Developing applications that are distributed over a number of sites and/or must tolerate the failures of some of them becomes a considerably simpler task when such protocols are available for communication. Without such protocols the kinds of distributed applications that can reasonably be built will have a very limited scope. As the trend towards distribution and decentralization continues, it will not be surprising if reliable broadcast protocols have the same role in distributed operating systems of the future that message passing mechanisms have in the operating systems of today. On the other hand, the problems of engineering such a system remain large. For example, deciding which protocol is the most appropriate to use in a certain situation or how to balance the latency-communication-storage costs is not an easy question.

  9. Broadcast media and the dissemination of weather information

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Byrnes, J.

    1973-01-01

    Although television is the public's most preferred source of weather information, it fails to provide weather reports to those groups who seek the information early in the day and during the day. The result is that many people most often use radio as a source of information, yet preferring the medium of television. The public actively seeks weather information from both radio and TV stations, usually seeking information on current conditions and short range forecasts. forecasts. Nearly all broadcast stations surveyed were eager to air severe weather bulletins quickly and often. Interest in Nowcasting was high among radio and TV broadcasters, with a significant portion indicating a willingness to pay something for the service. However, interest among TV stations in increasing the number of daily reports was small.

  10. Cross-band broadcasting

    SciTech Connect

    Bynum, Leo; Gramann, Mark R.; Bacon, Larry D.

    2015-06-23

    A radio communications device has a modulator that modulates each of a number of different carrier signals with the same message. A combiner combines the modulated carrier signals into a single combined output signal. A radio transmitter receives the single combined output signal and in response simultaneously transmits the modulated carrier signals over the air. Other embodiments are also described.

  11. Pipelines and Dead Ends: Jobs Held by Minorities and Women in Broadcast News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stone, Vernon A.

    Because of the problem of lack of progress by minorities and women in the newsrooms of television and radio stations, a survey investigated the types of positions held by minority and non-minority men and women in broadcast news. Subjects, 730 news directors from non-satellite commercial TV stations and commercial radio stations, answered…

  12. A Profile of Independent Local Radio (Commercial Radio in Great Britain).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sidel, M. Kent

    Commercial and noncommercial radio in the United States and Great Britain have followed opposite paths of development. Unlike the United States, where commercial radio was the historical cornerstone of the broadcasting system, the Independent Local Radio (ILR) of Britain is the newcomer into an environment heavy with the heritage of the…

  13. Scholarly but Relevant: A Comparison of Topic Frequency between "Journalism Quarterly,""Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media," and RTNDA "Communicator."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmun, David

    A study compared the topics addressed in a professional trade publication, the RTNDA (Radio and Television News Directors Association) "Communicator," with topics specifically addressing broadcast news in the scholarly journals "Journalism Quarterly" and "Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media." The purpose of the research was to help…

  14. Sexuality, Television and Broadcast Standards.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heller, Melvin S.

    This monograph provides a rationale for contemporary guidelines for the television and broadcast network management of sexual content in proposed progam materials. Beginning with a brief outline of the professional practices and responsibilities of broadcast standards editors, it then explores the relationships between sexual development,…

  15. Commercial satellite broadcasting for Europe

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Forrest, J. R.

    1988-12-01

    A review is presented of the current television broadcasting situation in European countries, which involves a varied mix of terrestrial VHF or UHF systems and cable networks. A small market has emerged in Europe for receivers using the low-power telecommunications satellite transmission between the program providers and cable network companies. This is expected to change with the launch of medium-power pan-European telecommunication satellites (e.g. ASTRA, EUTELSAT II), which are now directly addressing the market of home reception. DBS (direct broadcast satellite) in the UK, using the D-MAC transmission standard, will offer three additional television channels, data broadcasting services, and a planned evolution to compatible forms of wide-screen, high-definition television. Comments are given on receiver and conditional access system standardization. Some views are expressed on satellite broadcasting as part of an overall broadcasting framework for the future.

  16. Enhancing Community Knowledge and Health Behaviors to Eliminate Blinding Trachoma in Mali Using Radio Messaging as a Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bamani, Sanoussi; Toubali, Emily; Diarra, Sadio; Goita, Seydou; Berte, Zana; Coulibaly, Famolo; Sangare, Hama; Tuinsma, Marjon; Zhang, Yaobi; Dembele, Benoit; Melvin, Palesa; MacArthur, Chad

    2013-01-01

    The National Blindness Prevention Program in Mali has broadcast messages on the radio about trachoma as part of the country's trachoma elimination strategy since 2008. In 2011, a radio impact survey using multi-stage cluster sampling was conducted in the regions of Kayes and Segou to assess radio listening habits, coverage of the broadcasts,…

  17. Radio Electioneering in the American Presidential Campaigns of 1932 and 1936.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicolaides, Becky M.

    1988-01-01

    Presents a study which focuses on the use of network radio in the presidential campaigns of 1932 and 1936. Discusses the use of performance skills and sales techniques in broadcasts made by the Democrats and Republicans over the two major networks: the Columbia Broadcasting System and the National Broadcasting System. Examines how radio…

  18. Synchronizing carrier frequencies of co-channel amplitude-modulated broadcast

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2007-05-15

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  19. Carrier-frequency synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2003-05-13

    Systems and methods are described for carrier-frequency synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a reference signal receiver; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  20. Broadcasting but not receiving: density dependence considerations for SETI signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Reginald D.

    2009-04-01

    This paper develops a detailed quantitative model which uses the Drake equation and an assumption of an average maximum radio broadcasting distance by an communicative civilization. Using this basis, it estimates the minimum civilization density for contact between two civilizations to be probable in a given volume of space under certain conditions, the amount of time it would take for a first contact, and the question of whether reciprocal contact is possible.

  1. Youth Radio and the Pedagogy of Collegiality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chavez, Vivian; Soep, Elisabeth

    2005-01-01

    In this article, Vivian Chavez and Elisabeth Soep explore the collaboration among youth and adult participants at Youth Radio, a broadcast-training program in the San Francisco Bay Area. At Youth Radio, participants transcend the conventional relationship between adult "teachers" and youth "learners" to coproduce media products. Chavez and Soep…

  2. Health Education by Radio: A Zambian Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chitanda, Rackson

    Zambia's Health Education News radio program, which was launched in 1982, features 15-minute broadcasts in English and several local languages. The primary objectives of the radio program are to encourage individuals to attend various health clinics and get their children immunized, teach communities to value their health, make people accept…

  3. A direct broadcast satellite-audio experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaisnys, Arvydas; Abbe, Brian; Motamedi, Masoud

    1992-01-01

    System studies have been carried out over the past three years at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) on digital audio broadcasting (DAB) via satellite. The thrust of the work to date has been on designing power and bandwidth efficient systems capable of providing reliable service to fixed, mobile, and portable radios. It is very difficult to predict performance in an environment which produces random periods of signal blockage, such as encountered in mobile reception where a vehicle can quickly move from one type of terrain to another. For this reason, some signal blockage mitigation techniques were built into an experimental DAB system and a satellite experiment was conducted to obtain both qualitative and quantitative measures of performance in a range of reception environments. This paper presents results from the experiment and some conclusions on the effectiveness of these blockage mitigation techniques.

  4. Broadcast normalization in systolic design

    SciTech Connect

    Lin, F.C. ); Wu, I.C. )

    1988-11-01

    When a sequential algorithm is directly mapped into an array of processing elements, quite likely data broadcasts are required and their source places vary during the computation. The authors introduce a normalization method to fix the positions of the broadcast sources so that the derived design can be further transformed by retimings into a systolic array. The authors' method is fully illustrated in designing systolic arrays for enumeration sort, solving simultaneous linear equations, and computing transitive closure.

  5. The throughput of packet broadcasting channels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Abramson, N.

    1977-01-01

    A unified presentation of packet broadcasting theory is presented. Section II introduces the theory of packet broadcasting data networks. Section III provides some theoretical results on the performance of a packet broadcasting network when users have a variety of data rates. Section IV deals with packet broadcasting networks distributed in space, and in Section V some properties of power-limited packet broadcasting channels are derived, showing that the throughput of such channels can approach that of equivalent point-to-point channels.

  6. Bolivia: instruction through interactive radio.

    PubMed

    Teas, M M; Tilson, T

    1989-01-01

    The Education Development Center in Bolivia is developing and testing a new application for interactive radio instruction (IRI) to teach health in primary schools. The project is funded by USAID and has been undertaken to help the Bolivian government include health education in primary schools as part of a strategy to reduce child mortality. Each radio health program will be broadcast weekly for school children in twenty-minute segments. The broadcasts and complementary post-broadcast activities will give special emphasis to child survival topics such as oral rehydration therapy and nutrition. Special features include IRI scripts which simulate interaction between the radio teacher and the students, new topics introduced in a systematic way engaging students in problem-solving activities, and extensive oral and written student participation. Complementary IRI program materials will include take-home exercises designed to involve family participation, and teachers' guides to provide teachers with practical hands-on activities to strengthen children's understanding of basic health concepts. Short, in-service training sessions will prepare teachers to facilitate radio classes and carry out post-broadcast activities with students. The potential of IRI to improve student and teacher understanding of health and nutrition is only beginning to be recognized. PMID:12346418

  7. Broadcast Encryption for Differently Privileged

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Hongxia; Lotspiech, Jeffery

    Broadcast encryption is a primary technology that has been used for content protection. It enables a broadcaster to distribute content to a set of users so that only a privileged subset of users can access the content and another subset of revoked users cannot access the content. The main enabling block in a broadcast encryption scheme is the session key block, which each authorized user processes differently, but each gets the same valid session key. Currently all existing broadcast encryption schemes have assumed that the content and authorized users are equally privileged. There are emerging scenarios that demand protection for content with different privileges and for users with different privileges. In this paper we shall present a new broadcast encryption scheme that continues to employ single session key blocks but provides different privileged protections for different content and users. In particular we will expand the elegant subset-cover-based broadcast encryption scheme. We shall introduce a new concept called “security class” into the session key blocks. We use keys derived from a chain of one-way functions. Our approach is simple, efficient and secure.

  8. Highlights of the Public Radio Programming Study, Fiscal Year 1996. CPB Research Notes, No. 105.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Lisa Nackerud

    The Corporation for Public Broadcasting funded a national study of public radio programming since 1986. The 1996 programming study was conducted by National Public Radio's Audience Research department and had participation by 633 stations. Two-thirds of the stations reported broadcasting 24 hours per day, compared to one-third of stations in 1986.…

  9. National College Radio Study: Audience Research and National Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sauls, Samuel J.

    A study profiled college radio stations and explored the feasibility of a college radio network. A mail survey was sent in April 1995 to 1,469 college radio stations (including broadcast stations, carrier current stations, closed-circuit campus stations, radiating cable FM, and cable television access stations). A total of 228 surveys were…

  10. DBS Radio: Deathstar or Dud? Info. Packets No. 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pizzi, Skip

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has been progressing over the past 5 years toward the institution of Direct Broadcast Satellite Radio (DBS-R) which would institute a new type of radio service. The FCC refers to the service as Satellite DARS (Digital Audio Radio Service), and it would provide reliable, high-fidelity satellite-delivered…

  11. A Simple Radio Receiver Aids Understanding of Wireless Communication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Straulino, S.; Orlando, A.

    2012-01-01

    The basic theory of radio broadcasting is discussed from an experimental point of view. First, concepts like wave modulation and tuning are explained with the use of instruments in the physics laboratory. Then, a very basic radio receiver is described and assembled, whose most important feature, like in the old "crystal radios", is the absence of…

  12. Producing Interactive Educational Radio Programs for Distance Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yuzer, T. Volkan; Kurubacak, Gulsun

    2004-01-01

    It is not surprising that the interactivity affects radio and its applications. Besides, after radio began its first broadcasting, new inventions affected its development two ways: 1) the first one was the technological developments of sciences. For instance, the invention of transistors made it possible to create very small radio machines, and…

  13. CPB--Qualified Public Radio Stations. Fiscal Year 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, S. Young; And Others

    This publication is a part of a series of reports on public broadcasting. Statistics on financial, employment and broadcast and population activities of 155 public radio stations in the United States and Puerto Rico are included. The first section covers total funds, direct operating costs, capital expenditures, and other financial topics. The…

  14. When FFA Was King of the Radio Airwaves.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillison, John; Williams, Sharon

    2001-01-01

    From 1931-1944, Future Farmers of America made 157 radio broadcasts to acquaint the public with the organization's activities and its contribution to the war effort; these shows inspired state affiliate broadcasts. Membership grew from 60,000 to 80,000. (Contains 22 references.) (SK)

  15. Literacy in Tunisia: Educational Radio and Television for Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tahar, El Arbi

    1971-01-01

    The national campaign for literacy in Tunisia provides television broadcasts completed by radio programs. Adults listening to the broadcasts belong to organized centers, with qualified instructors, to semi-organized centers in the hands of national organizations, or to family centers providing instructional materials. (EB)

  16. Radio Learning Group Manual. How to Run a Radio Learning Campaign. 2nd and Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley, David; And Others

    The Third World countries of Botswana and Tanzania have used Radio Learning Group (RLG) campaigns effectively to get a limited amount of important information to a very large group of people at the same time. During campaigns voluntary participants organized in groups of 5-20 meet twice a week for about 5 weeks to listen to radio broadcasts about…

  17. Direct broadcast satellite-audio, portable and mobile reception tradeoffs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Golshan, Nasser

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports on the findings of a systems tradeoffs study on direct broadcast satellite-radio (DBS-R). Based on emerging advanced subband and transform audio coding systems, four ranges of bit rates: 16-32 kbps, 48-64 kbps, 96-128 kbps and 196-256 kbps are identified for DBS-R. The corresponding grades of audio quality will be subjectively comparable to AM broadcasting, monophonic FM, stereophonic FM, and CD quality audio, respectively. The satellite EIRP's needed for mobile DBS-R reception in suburban areas are sufficient for portable reception in most single family houses when allowance is made for the higher G/T of portable table-top receivers. As an example, the variation of the space segment cost as a function of frequency, audio quality, coverage capacity, and beam size is explored for a typical DBS-R system.

  18. Radio Galaxies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Downes, Ann

    1986-01-01

    Provides background information on radio galaxies. Topic areas addressed include: what produces the radio emission; radio telescopes; locating radio galaxies; how distances to radio galaxies are found; physics of radio galaxies; computer simulations of radio galaxies; and the evolution of radio galaxies with cosmic time. (JN)

  19. Digital Audio Application to Short Wave Broadcasting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Edward Y.

    1997-01-01

    Digital audio is becoming prevalent not only in consumer electornics, but also in different broadcasting media. Terrestrial analog audio broadcasting in the AM and FM bands will be eventually be replaced by digital systems.

  20. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The licensee... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden...

  1. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The licensee... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden...

  2. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The licensee... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden...

  3. 47 CFR 73.1217 - Broadcast hoaxes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... broadcast station shall broadcast false information concerning a crime or a catastrophe if: (a) The licensee... punishment by law. A “catastrophe” is a disaster or imminent disaster involving violent or sudden...

  4. Radio-Frequency Electronics, Circuits and Applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hagen, Jon B.

    This accessible and comprehensive book provides an introduction to the basic concepts and key circuits of radio frequency systems, covering fundamental principles which apply to all radio devices, from wireless data transceivers on semiconductor chips to high-power broadcast transmitters. Topics covered include filters, amplifiers, oscillators, modulators, low-noise amplifiers, phase-locked loops, and transformers. Applications of radio frequency systems are described in such areas as communications, radio and television broadcasting, radar, and radio astronomy. The book contains many exercises, and assumes only a knowledge of elementary electronics and circuit analysis. It will be an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in electrical engineering, as well as an invaluable reference for researchers and professional engineers in this area, or for those moving into the field of wireless communications.

  5. Fusing Classroom Theory and Practical Experience: Syllabus Construction in a Broadcast Journalism Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reppert, James E.

    This paper contends that it is essential that broadcast journalism courses possess a roughly equal balance between hands-on radio, television, and electronic news gathering assignments and analytical term papers. The importance of students writing and analyzing mass communication issues and personalities cannot be overstated in a highly…

  6. Dual Audio Television; an Experiment in Saturday Morning Broadcast and a Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borton, Terry; And Others

    The Philadelphia City Schools engaged in a four-year program to develop and test dual audio television, a way to help children learn more from the massive amounts of time they spend watching commercial television. The format consisted of an instructional radio broadcast which accompanied popular television shows and attempted to clarify and…

  7. 47 CFR 73.758 - System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) For digitally modulated emissions, the Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) standard shall be employed. Both digital audio broadcasting and datacasting are authorized. The RF requirements for the DRM system are... require that the digital spectral power density (and total power) be lower by several dB than is...

  8. 47 CFR 73.758 - System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...) For digitally modulated emissions, the Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) standard shall be employed. Both digital audio broadcasting and datacasting are authorized. The RF requirements for the DRM system are... require that the digital spectral power density (and total power) be lower by several dB than is...

  9. 47 CFR 73.758 - System specifications for digitally modulated emissions in the HF broadcasting service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...) For digitally modulated emissions, the Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) standard shall be employed. Both digital audio broadcasting and datacasting are authorized. The RF requirements for the DRM system are... require that the digital spectral power density (and total power) be lower by several dB than is...

  10. Counterads: Broadcasting and the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meeske, Milan D.

    The author claims that one of the results of the pressure put on broadcasting to increase its availability as a discussion forum is the development of "counteradvertising," editorial advertising that involves the broadcasting of opinion on controversial issues. This is an outgrowth of the FCC ruling that broadcasters provide free time for…

  11. Employment in the Broadcasting Industry--1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The 1973 broadcasting industry employment report consists of State reports, organized alphabetically according to community or city, from broadcasting stations with more than 10 full-time employees. Information has been compiled from the annual employment profile report (Federal Communications Commission Form 395), required of broadcast licensees.…

  12. Broadcast control of air traffic

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Litchford, G. B.

    1972-01-01

    The development of a system of broadcast control for improved flight safety and air traffic control is discussed. The system provides a balance of equality between improved cockpit guidance and control capability and ground control in order to provide the pilot with a greater degree of participation. The manner in which the system is operated and the equipment required for safe operation are examined.

  13. The Politics of Broadcast Regulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krasnow, Erwin G.; Longley, Lawrence D.

    The thesis of this book is that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is but one party in the development of broadcast regulations--it feels pressure from not only the industry and Congress but also the White House, citizen groups and the courts. Four major commission actions are analyzed in terms of those pressures. These actions are: the…

  14. Planeta Vivo Radio: a 365 chapter story between science and radio

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Calvo, David; Villalba, Eustaquio; Rodríguez, Fátima; Álvarez, Domingo; Pérez, Nemesio M.

    2016-04-01

    PLANETA VIVO RADIO (http://www.planetavivoradio.es/) is a joint effort of the Spanish National Public Radio in the Canary Islands (RNE-Canarias) and Instituto Volcanológico de Canarias (INVOLCAN) to broadcast scientific and technological advances related to Earth Sciences and the Earth Planet. This initiative was born in a very special year, 2008, the International Year of the Planet Earth, and is actually co-financed by the Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Tenerife (PCTT) and co-financed by the PROCIVMAC project. This 50 minutes weekly radio program broadcast scientists' interviews and scientific/technological reports related to the state of the art of several topics of scientific and social interest in addition to a weekly report of natural hazards that have occurred in the Earth Planet during the last week turning "PLANETAVIVORADIO" as a milestone of the Earth Sciences for the society. Since that moment, Planeta Vivo Radio has been broadcasted through 365 weeks in a continuous way. Several modifications have been added to the program, being divided today into eight different parts, a mix with interviews, reports, ephemerals, bios, agenda and the review to the most prominent natural hazards occurring through the last seven days. Since October 2015, Planeta Vivo Radio is the longest science radio program ever broadcasted in the Canary Islands.

  15. Layered sensing with radio (LSWR)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mitra, Atindra K.

    2010-04-01

    An alternative approach to a Layered Sensing System-of-Systems methodology, denoted as LSWR (Layered Sensing With Radio), is outlined in this paper. This is a novel Broadcast-TV-Driven layered sensing technique that shows potential for finding embedded objects within, for example, buildings via leveraging and combining existing commercial satellite technologies with COTS (Commercial Off-the-Shelf) wireless network technologies and state-of-the-art wireless sensor mote technologies. Specifically, compact sensor mote technologies are employed in a cost-effective manner to interface with and control low-cost satellite radio/broadcast tuners. With this approach, initial concepts of this type are investigated via the analysis of compact custom sensor node technology (i.e. wireless sensor mote interfaced with satellite broadcast tuner) integrated onto a UGV (unmanned ground vehicle) robot arm for purposes developing prototype UGV robot systems with passive integrated RF sensors that support, for example, networked thru-wall embedded object detection. The primary category of commercial satellite signal considered for analysis within this paper is known as DVB (Digital Video Broadcast).

  16. Bounding switching delay in mobile TV broadcast networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hsu, Cheng-Hsin; Hefeeda, Mohamed

    2009-01-01

    Since mobile devices are battery powered, several mobile TV standards dictate using energy saving schemes to increase the viewing time on mobile devices. The most common scheme for saving energy is to make the base station broadcast the video data of a TV channel in bursts with a bit rate much higher than the encoding rate of the video stream, which enables mobile devices to turn off their radio frequency circuits when not receiving bursts. While broadcasting bursts saves energy, it increases the channel switching delay. The switching delay is an important performance metric, because long and variable switching delays are annoying to users and may turn them away from the mobile TV service. In this paper, we first analyze the burst broadcasting scheme currently used in many deployed mobile TV networks, and we show that it is not efficient in terms of controlling the channel switching delay. We then propose new schemes to guarantee that a given maximum switching delay is not exceeded and that the energy consumption of mobile devices is minimized. We prove the correctness of the proposed schemes and derive closed-form equations for the achieved energy saving. We also implement the proposed schemes in a mobile TV testbed to show their practicability and to validate our theoretical analysis.

  17. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Stephen F.; Moore, James A.

    2011-02-01

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  18. Carrier phase synchronization system for improved amplitude modulation and television broadcast reception

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Stephen F; Moore, James A

    2009-09-08

    Systems and methods are described for carrier phase synchronization for improved AM and TV broadcast reception. A method includes synchronizing the phase of a carrier frequency of a broadcast signal with the phase of a remote reference frequency. An apparatus includes a receiver to detect the phase of a reference signal; a phase comparator coupled to the reference signal-phase receiver; a voltage controlled oscillator coupled to the phase comparator; and a phase-controlled radio frequency output coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator.

  19. College Radio Hits the Big Time in the Music Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greene, Elizabeth

    1989-01-01

    In the last decade, college radio has begun to play music too experimental for commercial radio, and people searching for innovative or controversial music are tuning into college stations. The music industry has welcomed the student broadcasters, many of whom enter the profession after college. (MSE)

  20. Learning English Language by Radio in Primary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odera, Florence Y.

    2011-01-01

    Radio is one of the most affordable educational technologies available for the use in education and development in developing countries. This article explores the use of school radio broadcast to assist teachers and pupils to learn and improve English language both written and spoken in Kenyan primary schools. English language occupies a central…

  1. 75 FR 17874 - Digital Audio Broadcasting Systems and Their Impact on the Terrestrial Radio Broadcast Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ... Related Documents In the First Report and Order in MM Docket No. 99-325 (See 67 FR 78193, December 12..., and Public Notice DA 09-1127 on May 22, 2009 (See 74 FR 27985, June 12, 2009). Over 60 parties filed... collection requirement(s) adopted in this document (See 75 FR 10266, March 5, 2010). The requirement(s)...

  2. S-DARS broadcast from inclined, elliptical orbits

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briskman, Robert D.; Prevaux, Robert J.

    2004-04-01

    The first Sirius spacecraft was launched on July 1, 2000. Exactly 5 months later, on December 1, the third spacecraft was launched, completing the three satellite S-DARS (Satellite Digital Audio Radio Service) constellation. The three satellites are deployed in inclined, elliptical, geosynchronous orbits, which allow seamless broadcast coverage to mobile users in the contiguous US. Terrestrial broadcast repeaters provide service in urban cores. The system is in operation, providing the first ever S-DARS service. The constellation design results in satellite ground tracks over North America with two satellites always above the equator. High elevation look angles from the mobile ground terminals to the satellites minimize performance degradation due to blockage, foliage attenuation and multi-path. The spacecraft were built by Space Systems/Loral using the 1300 bus modified for operation in high inclination orbits. Each spacecraft was launched using a dedicated Russian Proton booster. The satellite payload is a bent pipe repeater using 7.1 GHz for the uplink and 2.3 GHz for the broadcast transmission. The repeater high-power amplification stage consists of 32 Traveling Wave Tube Amplifiers phase combined to yield a total radio frequency output power of nearly 4 kW at saturated operation. The satellite antennas are mechanically steered to maintain the transmit beam centered on the Contiguous United States and the receive beam centered on the uplink earth station located in Vernon Valley, New Jersey. The satellite payload design and performance are described. The principal spacecraft bus systems are described with emphasis on improvements made for operation in the inclined, elliptical geosynchronous orbits.

  3. Eleanor Roosevelt: First Lady as Radio Pioneer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, Maurine H.; Belgrade, Paul

    Eleanor Roosevelt's commercial radio broadcasts during her White House years (1933-1945) were significant for three reasons. First, she was one of the few women who performed as a news commentator during this period. Her ability to pursue such a career owed much to her position as First Lady and represented the merging of the roles of celebrity…

  4. Back to College. Transcript of Program Scheduled for Broadcast for the Week of September 27, 1976. Program No. 46. Options in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    "Options in Education" is a weekly radio magazine covering news, features, policy, and people in the field of education produced by National Public Radio and the Institute for Educational Leadership. This broadcast presents Geoffrey Blodgett discussing students' heroes, villains, and ideals; Rose Tobin on student mood at Berkeley; and Phil Berger…

  5. "Options in Education." Transcript of Program to Be Broadcast Week of January 12, 1976: Can You Get There from Here?--Part II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George Washington Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Educational Leadership.

    Jobs and job satisfaction are the focus of this transcript of a radio series broadcast by the National Public Radio System entitled "Can You Get There from Here?" The second of a 4-part series on the relationship between schooling and jobs, this program centers around an interview with anthropologist Elliot Liebow, author of "Tally's Corner," and…

  6. Professionalism in Broadcasting in Developing Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Rita Cruise

    1977-01-01

    Examines the modes of professionalism and organizational structure in broadcasting and investigates how these modes transfer from industrialized nations to developing countries such as Algeria and Senegal. (MH)

  7. 76 FR 42573 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Oklahoma and Texas

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ... proceeding proposed the allotment of a new FM channel at Quanah, Texas. See 65 FR 53689 (September 5, 2000... not contested by the Joint Petitioners. See 68 FR 26557 (May 16, 2003). The Joint Petitioners seek... it the subject of a separate Notice of Proposed Rule Making. See 69 FR 29242 (May 21, 2004)....

  8. 76 FR 13524 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-14

    ...The Audio Division, at the request of Miriam Media, Inc., allots FM Channel 258A at Willow Creek, California. Channel 258A can be allotted at Willow Creek, consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Commission's rules, at coordinates 40- 57-29 NL and 123-42-23 WL, with a site restriction of 6.7 km (4.2 miles) west of the community See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  9. 78 FR 73793 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Evart and Ludington, Michigan

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-09

    ...This document proposes, at the request of Synergy Lakeshore Licenses, LLC (``Synergy''), licensee of Station WMLQ(FM), Manistee, Michigan, the deletion of vacant FM Channel 274A at Evart, Michigan. The document also proposes the return of Stations WMLQ(FM), Manistee, and WMOM(FM), Pentwater, Michigan, to the channels that they previously occupied, and the modification of the construction......

  10. 75 FR 76294 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Fairbanks, AK

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ...The Audio Division, at the request of Educational Media Foundation, LLC, allots Channels 224C2 and 232C2 at Fairbanks, Alaska, as the community's tenth and eleventh potential local FM services. Channels 224C2 and 232C2 can be allotted to Fairbanks, Alaska, in compliance with the Commission's minimum distance separation requirements with a site restriction of 9.4 kilometers (5.9 miles) north of......

  11. 77 FR 50630 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ...The Audio Division, at the request of Connoisseur Media of Erie, LLC, allots Channel 265A at Westfield, New York, as its first local transmission service. Channel 265A can be allotted to Westfield consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Rules with a site restriction 3.4 kilometers (2.1 miles) west of the community. The reference coordinates are 42-18-51 NL and......

  12. 77 FR 16800 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Westfield, NY

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-22

    ...This document requests comments on a petition for rulemaking filed by Connoisseur Media of Erie, LLC, proposing the allotment of Channel 265A at Westfield, New York, as its first local service. The proposed allotment of Channel 265A at Westfield accommodates the hybrid application, proposing the substitution of Channel 285B1 for Channel 265B1 at North East, Pennsylvania, and modification of......

  13. 76 FR 79112 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Milford, UT

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ...The Audio Division, at the request of Canyon Media Group, LLC, allots FM Channel 288C and deletes FM Channel 285C at Milford, Utah. The allotment change is part of a hybrid rule making and FM application proposal. Channel 288C can be allotted at Milford, consistent with the minimum distance separation requirements of the Commission's rules, at coordinates 38-31-11 NL and 113-17-07 WL, with a......

  14. 75 FR 63431 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Willow Creek, CA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ...This document sets forth a proposal to amend the FM Table of Allotments. The Commission requests comment on a petition filed by Miriam Media, Inc., proposing the allotment of FM Channel 258A at Willow Creek, California. Petitioner, the auction winner and permittee of Channel 253A, Willow Creek, has submitted an application to specify operation of the station on Channel 254C1 at Loleta,......

  15. 77 FR 25112 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Centerville and Midway, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-27

    ...This document requests comments on a petition for rulemaking filed by Katherine Pyeatt, proposing the allotment of Channel 267A at Midway, Texas, as its first local service; and the substitution of Channel 232A for vacant Channel 267A at Centerville, Texas to accommodate the proposed Midway allotment. Channel 267A can be allotted to Midway consistent with the minimum distance separation......

  16. 78 FR 11987 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Avalon, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... TV Table of Allotments. DATES: The amendment to 47 CFR 73.622(b) published in the Federal Register at 67 FR 70018, November 20, 2002, is effective February 21, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For... 67 FR 70018, November 20, 2002. The final rule amended Sec. 73.622(b), Table of Allotments,...

  17. Survey of man-made electrical noise affecting radio broadcasting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bisignani, W. T.; Garner, W. B.

    1969-01-01

    Survey, consisting of limited noise measurements, was made to augment and verify existing data at HF and VHF and to obtain basic data at UHF. Exact frequencies were determined by the absence of intentionally generated signals around three selected frequencies.

  18. 75 FR 71411 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Silverpeak, NV

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ... Docket No. 08-197, adopted November 3, 2010, and released November 5, 2010. The full text of this... complete text of this decision also may be purchased from the Commission's duplicating contractor,...

  19. 75 FR 80013 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Jewett, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-21

    .... 10-65, RM-10595, adopted December 1, 2010, and released December 3, 2010. The full text of this... Information Center, Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text...

  20. 76 FR 43933 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Markham, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-22

    ..., adopted June 27, 2011, and released June 28, 2011. The full text of this Commission decision is available..., Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The complete text of this...

  1. 75 FR 52649 - Radio Broadcasting Services; DeBeque, Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ... substitution of Channel 247C3 for vacant Channel 275C3 at DeBeque, Colorado. See 75 FR 4036, published January..., Crawford, Colorado, to Channel 275C3 at Battlement Mesa, Colorado, as its first local service. A...

  2. 76 FR 37049 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Bastrop, LA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ...-210. See 71 FR 76208, published December 20, 2006. Channel 230A was originally added to the FM Table of Allotments in MM Docket No. 99-141. See 66 FR 18734, published April 11, 2001. In this regard... Channel 228A at Bastrop accommodates the hybrid application, which requests the substitution of...

  3. 76 FR 36384 - Radio Broadcasting Services; Brackettville, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ... Making proposed the deletion of vacant Channel 234A at Brackettville. See 75 FR 4037, published January... deletion of vacant Channel 234A at Brackettville to accommodate the hybrid application, which requests...

  4. 75 FR 76294 - Radio Broadcasting Services: Pacific Junction, IA

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-08

    ... instead in the Media Bureau's Consolidated Data Base System (``CDBS'') as a reserved assignment for... Junction, in overcoming objections raised by the FAA to the activation of this allotment. See 75 FR...

  5. Starship Earth: A Model for Advising Environmental Discussions on College Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosengrant, Kim

    Because college radio offers a less structured environment, a natural habitat is created which provides for broadcasting experimental shows such as Starship Earth, an environmental radio show on East Stroudsburg University's (Pennsylvania) college radio station, WESS 90.3 FM. Environmental problems, issues, and solutions are discussed on the show.…

  6. "At 75 You Don't Expect to Become a Radio Star"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanistreet, Paul

    2011-01-01

    When 75-year-old Margaret Corston saw a poster in her local library advertising a course in basic radio broadcasting skills, she little thought that some 18 months later she would be hosting her own weekly show, with thousands of listeners, on community radio. From small beginnings--her first course was called "First Steps in Radio"--she began to…

  7. Financial Statistics of CPB-Qualified Public Radio Stations: Fiscal Year 1970. Advance Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedone, Ronald J.; And Others

    Based on information provided by public television and radio station licensees to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), this report presents financial data for fiscal year 1970 for CPB-qualified public radio stations in the United States. A brief discussion of the 91 CPB-qualified public radio stations is provided first, along with an…

  8. LBRIG Newsletter [Newsletter of the Language by Radio Interest Group]. Vol. 2, Nos. 1-3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garfinkel, Alan, Ed.; And Others

    Volume 2 of the Language by Radio Interest Group (LBRIG) Newsletter consists of news items, short articles, general information, and opinions on the subject of language learning by radio. The first number in the volume contains the following feature articles: "Radio and Communicative Competence," by Kimball L. Robinson; "Shortwave Broadcast and…

  9. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  10. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  11. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  12. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  13. 47 CFR 73.1030 - Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... astronomy, research and receiving installations. 73.1030 Section 73.1030 Telecommunication FEDERAL... Broadcast Stations § 73.1030 Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. (a)(1) Radio astronomy and radio research installations. In order to...

  14. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  15. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  16. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  17. 47 CFR 76.616 - Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... emergency radio frequencies. 76.616 Section 76.616 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.616 Operation near certain aeronautical and marine emergency radio frequencies. (a) The...

  18. 47 CFR 73.1692 - Broadcast station construction near or installation on an AM broadcast tower.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... broadcast licensee or permittee proposes to mount a broadcast antenna on an AM station tower, or where... installation of the broadcast antenna and related equipment, the AM station shall determine operating power by the indirect method (see § 73.51). Upon the completion of the installation, antenna...

  19. MPEG-21 in broadcasting: the novel digital broadcast item model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lugmayr, Artur R.; Touimi, Abdellatif B.; Kaneko, Itaru; Kim, Jong-Nam; Alberti, Claudio; Yona, Sadigurschi; Kim, Jaejoon; Andrade, Maria Teresa; Kalli, Seppo

    2004-05-01

    The MPEG experts are currently developing the MPEG-21 set of standards and this includes a framework and specifications for digital rights management (DRM), delivery of quality of services (QoS) over heterogeneous networks and terminals, packaging of multimedia content and other things essential for the infrastructural aspects of multimedia content distribution. Considerable research effort is being applied to these new developments and the capabilities of MPEG-21 technologies to address specific application areas are being investigated. One such application area is broadcasting, in particular the development of digital TV and its services. In more practical terms, digital TV addresses networking, events, channels, services, programs, signaling, encoding, bandwidth, conditional access, subscription, advertisements and interactivity. MPEG-21 provides an excellent framework of standards to be applied in digital TV applications. Within the scope of this research work we describe a new model based on MPEG-21 and its relevance to digital TV: the digital broadcast item model (DBIM). The goal of the DBIM is to elaborate the potential of MPEG-21 for digital TV applications. Within this paper we focus on a general description of the DBIM, quality of service (QoS) management and metadata filtering, digital rights management and also present use-cases and scenarios where the DBIM"s role is explored in detail.

  20. Public Law 94-192, 94th Congress, H. R. 6461. An Act to Amend Certain Provisions of the Communications Act of 1934 to Provide Long-term Financing for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and for Other Purposes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    The Public Broadcasting Financing Act of 1975 gives specifications for the funding of non-commercial, educational broadcast stations. The conditions for allocation of grant funds to radio and television station are outlined with their limitations. The legislative history of the act is included. (DS)

  1. Watershed Education for Broadcast Meteorologists

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lamos, J. P.; Sliter, D.; Espinoza, S.; Spangler, T. C.

    2006-12-01

    The National Environmental Education and Training Organization (NEETF) published a report in 2005 that summarized the findings of ten years of NEETF and Roper Research. The report stated, "Our years of data from Roper surveys show a persistent pattern of environmental ignorance even among the most educated and influential members of society." Market research has also shown that 80% of television viewers list the weather as the primary reason for watching the local news. Broadcast meteorologists, with a broader understanding of environmental and related sciences have an opportunity to use their weathercasts to inform the public about the environment and the factors that influence environmental health. As "station scientists," broadcast meteorologists can use the weather, and people's connection to it, to broaden their understanding of the environment they live in. Weather and watershed conditions associated with flooding and drought have major human and environmental impacts. Increasing the awareness of the general public about basic aspects of the hydrologic landscape can be an important part of mitigating the adverse effects of too much or too little precipitation, and of protecting the environment as well. The concept of a watershed as a person's natural neighborhood is a very important one for understanding hydrologic and environmental issues. Everyone lives in a watershed, and the health of a watershed is the result of the interplay between weather and human activity. This paper describes an online course to give broadcast meteorologists a basic understanding of watersheds and how watersheds are impacted by weather. It discusses how to convey watershed science to a media- savvy audience as well as how to model the communication of watershed and hydrologic concepts to the public. The course uses a narrative, story-like style to present its content. It is organized into six short units of instruction, each approximately 20 minutes in duration. Each unit is

  2. Tuning In to Navajo: The Role of Radio in Native Language Maintenance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Leighton C.

    Since 1986, KTNN Radio (tribally owned) has broadcast Navajo-language programming to the entire Navajo Nation. Its large broadcast range and position as the "Voice of the Navajo Nation" gives KTNN the "symbolic" power to affect linguistic change, as well as the unenviable position of being held to a high language standard although no such…

  3. Summary Statistics of CPB-Qualified Public Radio Stations, Fiscal Year 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, S. Young; Pedone, Ronald J.

    Statistics in the areas of finance, employment, and broadcast and production for CPB-qualified (Corporation for Public Broadcasting) public radio stations are given in this report. Tables in the area of finance are presented specifying total funds, income, direct operating costs, and capital expenditure. Employment is divided into all employment…

  4. Summary Statistics of CPB-Qualified Public Radio Stations: Fiscal Year 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, S. Young; Pedone, Ronald J.

    Basic statistics on finance, employment, and broadcast and production activities of 103 Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB)--qualified radio stations in the United States and Puerto Rico for Fiscal Year 1971 are collected. The first section of the report deals with total funds, income, direct operating costs, capital expenditures, and other…

  5. 76 FR 76337 - Television Broadcasting Services; Lincoln, NE

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-07

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Lincoln, NE AGENCY: Federal Communications... 73 Television, Television broadcasting. Federal Communications Commission Barbara A. Kreisman, Chief... Lincoln Broadcasting, LLC (``LBL''), the licensee of KFXL-TV, channel 51, Lincoln, Nebraska,...

  6. [The end of an era. Fourteen radio sketches for the Pink Pills].

    PubMed

    Lefebvre, Thierry

    2015-12-01

    Those sketches, restaured by the French "Institut national de l'audiovisuel", are transcribed and analyzed for the first time. They was probably broadcasted during the summer of 1939 by the private station Radio Gard Nîmes. PMID:26827549

  7. Radio, Television and Film: The State of Study in the 1980s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomery, Douglas

    1985-01-01

    Analyzes two influential basic textbooks in the study of radio-television-film (RTVF): "Broadcasting in America" and "Film Art: An Introduction." Comments on how the RTVF organization impacts graduate education. (PD)

  8. The RadioSat (sm) network

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noreen, Gary K.

    1991-01-01

    The RadioSat network under development by radio Satellite Corporation will use mobile satellite (MSAT) technology to provide diverse personal communications, broadcast, and navigation services. The network will support these services simultaneously for integrated mobile radios throughout Canada and the United States. The RadioSat network takes advantage of several technological breakthroughs, all coming to fruition by the time the first MSAT satellite is launched in 1994. The most important of these breakthroughs is the enormous radiated power of each MSAT spacecraft - orders of magnitude greater than the radiated power of previous L-band spacecraft. Another important breakthrough is the development of advanced digital audio compression algorithms, enabling the transmission of broadcast quality music at moderate data rates. Finally, continuing dramatic increases in VLSI capabilities permit the production of complex, multi-function mobile satellite radios in very large quantities at prices little more than those of conventional car radios. In addition to performance breakthroughs and their economic implications to RadioSat, the design of the RadioSat network is reviewed.

  9. Television broadcast from space systems: Technology, costs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cuccia, C. L.

    1981-01-01

    Broadcast satellite systems are described. The technologies which are unique to both high power broadcast satellites and small TV receive-only earth terminals are also described. A cost assessment of both space and earth segments is included and appendices present both a computer model for satellite cost and the pertinent reported experience with the Japanese BSE.

  10. Trends in Research on Japan's Educational Broadcasts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akiyama, Takashiro

    This overview of Japanese research on educational television and media education from the mid-1970s through 1985 begins by presenting a brief history of educational broadcasting and recent trends in broadcasting and related research in Japan. The following areas are reviewed: (1) research using program analysis; (2) research using test production…

  11. Perceptions of Advertising Influence on Broadcast News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Hubert W.; Barnes, Beth E.

    2001-01-01

    Finds that while students (studying broadcast journalism or advertising) and practitioners (station news directors and agency media directors) were in agreement on the majority of opinion statements discussing advertising's influence on broadcast news content, except students were less bothered by advertising's influence on news content than were…

  12. Statistical Trends in Broadcasting. Ninth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair (John) and Co., New York, NY.

    A review of trends in broadcasting and an overall economic profile of the broadcasting industry for 1972, with projections for 1973, are given by a collection of tables and graphs. The first portion presents data on total advertising expenditures and trends, along with information on the gross national product and personal consumption spending.…

  13. Corporation for Public Broadcasting Annual Report, 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    The Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) continued to grow in fiscal year 1971, its third year of operation. Fourteen new public television stations began broadcasting, bringing 7.9 million more persons within receiving range, and bringing the total number of TV stations to 207. Income increased 18 per cent to $14 million due largely to more…

  14. TV News Analysis Project Motivates Broadcast Class.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, James R.

    1980-01-01

    Describes the use of content analysis by a journalism class in studying television news. Indicates that the method is flexible, generates familiarity with quantitative approaches to the analysis of broadcast journalism, can result in increased awareness of the complexity of the broadcast news medium, and increases student motivation. (TJ)

  15. University Broadcast Laboratories: Cost, Upkeep, Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gotsch, Constance M.

    Broadcast program directors from 157 colleges and universities responded to a survey to determine how schools outfit, maintain, upgrade, and fund audio and video broadcast labs and how many students use them. Among the results indicated by the respondents are the following: (1) approximately half reported affiliation with either a closed-circuit…

  16. Personal Broadcasting: Applications in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolf, Patricia D.

    2007-01-01

    Personal Broadcasting, which includes podcasting, vodcasting, phonecasting, Webcasting, blogging, and wikis, is one of the emerging technologies that will have a significant effect on education within the next five years. This article describes the techniques used in personal broadcasting, describes how they are being used in higher education,…

  17. Broadcast Media in Breton: Dawn at Last?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moal, Stefan

    2000-01-01

    Discusses to what extent the broadcast media in the Breton language has acted as a vital link to language maintenance in Brittany. Highlights the background context of the Breton language, reasons for its decline, and what the broadcast media can do to help reverse language shift. (Author/VWL)

  18. Beyond the Anchor: Students and Broadcasting Opportunities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marks, Rick

    1999-01-01

    Describes how the author taught a class (called "Editing for Broadcasting") for 19 neophyte newspeople through total immersion: students learned how to run a newsroom while operating one. Notes that students learned the principles and fundamentals of broadcast journalism, including news judgment, writing, editing, reporting, and producing, and…

  19. Management Theories and Broadcasting: A Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, J. Robert; Hindmarsh, Wayne A.

    Today's contemporary management and motivation theories, as applied to the business of broadcasting, are the focus of the first section of this paper. It deals with the kinds and reactions of employees in broadcasting stations in relation to 11 motivational theories: (1) Theories X and Y, (2) Immaturity-Maturity Theory, (3) V Theory, (4) Z Theory,…

  20. Must-Carry and Public Broadcasting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davenport, Elizabeth K.

    Because of the United States Court of Appeal's ruling ("Quincy Cable TV vs. Federal Communications Commission") that government regulation of what cable television stations can broadcast violates their First Amendment rights, a number of consequences have arisen concerning what cable stations are required to broadcast (must-carry rules), and how…

  1. State Skill Standards: Digital Video & Broadcast Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullard, Susan; Tanner, Robin; Reedy, Brian; Grabavoi, Daphne; Ertman, James; Olson, Mark; Vaughan, Karen; Espinola, Ron

    2007-01-01

    The standards in this document are for digital video and broadcast production programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program. Digital Video and Broadcast Production is a program that consists of the initial fundamentals and sequential courses that prepare…

  2. Random broadcast on random geometric graphs

    SciTech Connect

    Bradonjic, Milan; Elsasser, Robert; Friedrich, Tobias

    2009-01-01

    In this work, we consider the random broadcast time on random geometric graphs (RGGs). The classic random broadcast model, also known as push algorithm, is defined as: starting with one informed node, in each succeeding round every informed node chooses one of its neighbors uniformly at random and informs it. We consider the random broadcast time on RGGs, when with high probability: (i) RGG is connected, (ii) when there exists the giant component in RGG. We show that the random broadcast time is bounded by {Omicron}({radical} n + diam(component)), where diam(component) is a diameter of the entire graph, or the giant component, for the regimes (i), or (ii), respectively. In other words, for both regimes, we derive the broadcast time to be {Theta}(diam(G)), which is asymptotically optimal.

  3. Transmitter microdischarges in communications and broadcast Satellites

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briskman, Robert D.; Kaliski, Michael A. R.

    2016-09-01

    Most commercial communications and broadcast satellites operating at microwave radio frequencies use traveling wave tube amplifiers (TWTAs) as high power transmitters. Since TWTAs work at high voltages, it is not uncommon to experience micro-discharges, especially early in life. This observation led to the introduction of an autonomous restart function in the companion high voltage power supply (the electronic power conditioner or EPC) of the TWTA as a safety feature. A microdischarge with enough energy above a threshold would lead to a momentary removal of high voltages, followed by an automatic restart, which is usually sufficient to allow the microdischarge event to clear with minimal loss of RF transmission. In most cases the energy involved in the microdischarge is low enough that the removal of high voltages is not required and the event may go undetected. However, an unusual signature was first noted in early 1997 on a Ku-band satellite transmitter, where the characteristics of the microdischarge event were such that the control anode voltage dropped below nominal and typically recovered over a 20 min period. Such microdischarge events became known as the "20 min Effect" which has since been observed over subsequent years on other Ku-band TWTAs, as well as on Ka-band and S-band satellite TWTA transmitters in numerous satellites. This paper summarizes the in-orbit data on such microdischarges as well as the believed cause. In addition, the paper includes results from three S-band TWTAs which have operated on life test for many years. Due to ease of their monitoring instrumentation as contrast to monitoring microdischarges on orbiting operational satellites via telemetry, new data have been accumulated on this effect. The data substantiate the previous findings that microdischarges do not significantly affect satellite operation or their transmissions nor diminish the TWTAs performance, including long lifetime.

  4. Focus on Literacy. Part 1: The Numbers Game. A National Association of Broadcasters On-Air Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Anne; And Others

    This booklet provides background information on literacy for television and radio broadcasters. It focuses first on the numbers of functionally illiterate persons in the United States and what those numbers mean. Central to understanding those numbers, as pointed out by the booklet, is the definition of illiteracy that is used, a definition that…

  5. Who Donates to Public Broadcasting? Profiles of Donors from the Monitor Survey. CPB Research Notes No. 118.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

    As part of the annual Yankelovich Monitor survey, extensive demographic, attitudinal, and product usage data were gathered about people who donate money to public broadcasting. Of the total population polled, 11% said they had donated to public television, and 4% said they had donated to public radio in the past two years. This report explores the…

  6. Broadcasting of quantum correlations: Possibilities and impossibilities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chatterjee, Sourav; Sazim, Sk; Chakrabarty, Indranil

    2016-04-01

    In this work, we extensively study the problem of broadcasting of quantum correlations (QCs). This includes broadcasting of quantum entanglement as well as correlations that go beyond the notion of entanglement (QCsbE). It is quite well known from the "no-broadcasting theorem" that perfect broadcasting of QCs is not possible. However, it does not rule out the possibility of partial broadcasting of QCs where we can get lesser correlated states from a given correlated state. In order to have a holistic view of broadcasting, we investigate this problem by starting with a most general representation of two qubit mixed states in terms of the Bloch vectors. As a cloning transformation we have used universal symmetric optimal Buzek-Hillery (BH) cloner both locally and nonlocally. Unlike entanglement, we find that it is impossible to broadcast QCsbE optimally. Lastly, we generalize these results for any symmetric or asymmetric cloning machines as well. This result brings out a fundamental difference between the correlations defined from the perspective of entanglement and the correlations measure which claims to go beyond entanglement.

  7. Radio and distance learning in Pakistan.

    PubMed

    Abbas, R

    1987-01-01

    Radio is a powerful communication vehicle in Pakistan able to reach 3/4 of urban and 2/3 of rural households. Until 1974, most radio broadcasts of the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation, a state monopoly, were in the categories of music, drama, and features; news and current affairs; and religious broadcasts. The Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), a distance learning educational institution, was established through an act of the Pakistan Parliament in 1974 and is the only institution in the country to use radio broadcasts for its curriculum. Also established in 1974 within the AIOU was the Institute of Educational Technology (IET). The IET channels the transmission and flow of well-designed educational messages and lessons from the teachers to the students by employing distance teaching methodology that seeks to reinforce students' weekly lessons. IET closely integrates its activities within the University's academic departments. IET staff members not only participate in the development of course curriculum and syllabi, but also help to identify course content needing reinforcement through radio. While the teachers at AIOU convert the course curricula into distance-learning self-study activity-oriented correspondence texts, IET producers transcribe these scripts into actual production scripts. Feedback from students and findings of the University's Research and Statistical Cell are used to make revisions in the scripts. The AIOU enrolls an average of 100,000 students each year. Expansion is being limited only by the costs of purchasing time from the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (Rs 2000 for a 15-minute lesson) and the availability of appropriate time slots. PMID:12281001

  8. Broadcasting environmental knowledge: Open University & BBC collaborations serving massive global audiences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brandon, M. A.; Smith, J.; Garrow, K. H.; Law, A.

    2013-12-01

    The UK Open University has a long history of working with broadcast media - indeed before it first formed over 40 years ago it was proposed to be a "University of the Air ". Originally the University made its own television programmes that were directly connected with teaching. They were usually recordings of academics giving lectures that were broadcast late at night. Over recent times we have moved into developing co-productions with mainstream broadcast media specifically designed to be of general educational interest to UK and worldwide audiences. These include both high impact one-off programmes such as Are we changing planet Earth?, multiple international award winning series such as Frozen Planet, and World Service radio such as Earth Reporters. These programmes have had global audiences; in some cases of tens of millions. Whilst we have only worked using clear scientific evidence and expertise, we have co-produced media which small sections of the general public could consider controversial. For example, in Are we changing planet Earth? the case was presented pre IPCC AR4 for anthropogenic climate change. The final episode of Frozen Planet "On thin ice" presented evidence of how the polar climate is changing and likely future global impacts. It created a large and occasionally hostile international media impact long before broadcast. This continued after broadcast in some media but we believe it stopped because the science presented was robust within the current literature. Based around broadcasting, we used a communication strategy based on our personal experience over the last decade along with our institutional experience going back 40 years. For example our outreach include social media, newspapers, radio and podcasts to speak about underpinning science. We use Twitter during actual broadcasts to circulate links to journal articles and provide context around the science presented on screen. Backed up by a large public outreach campaign at science fairs

  9. The state of broadcast meteorology in the United States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trobec, J.

    2010-09-01

    According to a 2010 study by the Radio, Television Digital News Association, there are 762 television stations in the U.S. producing local news (and presumably weather) content. Those stations reported staff reductions of 400 news department jobs in 2009, following a cut of 1,200 local news jobs in 2008. Even as the number of news employees declined, local stations increased the amount of local news programming from an average of 4.7 hours to 5.0 hours per weekday in the past year. The phrase "doing more with less" has become a common theme in television newsrooms. Broadcasting economics have also impacted the approximately 2,200 weather presenters on local television stations. Several high-profile, on-air meteorologists have lost their jobs. The workload of weather presenters is evolving as television stations extend their reach beyond broadcasting — to the internet, and wireless (e.g. cellular telephone) delivery of information. Technological advancements have improved televised severe weather coverage. The number of amateur storm chasers possessing video streaming equipment has grown signicantly, and social networks such as Twitter have become a useful source of weather reports from the public.

  10. 75 FR 9859 - Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-04

    ... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX AGENCY: Federal Communications... 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons... Freedom Broadcasting of Texas (``Freedom Broadcasting''), the licensee of KFDM(TV), channel 21,...

  11. Characterization of HF Propagation for Digital Audio Broadcasting

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vaisnys, Arvydas

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this presentation is to give a brief overview of some propagation measurements in the Short Wave (3-30 MHz) bands, made in support of a digital audio transmission system design for the Voice of America. This task is a follow on to the Digital Broadcast Satellite Radio task, during which several mitigation techniques would be applicable to digital audio in the Short Wave bands as well, in spite of the differences in propagation impairments in these two bands. Two series of propagation measurements were made to quantify the range of impairments that could be expected. An assessment of the performance of a prototype version of the receiver was also made.

  12. Final Report: The self Reliance Foundation and Hispanic Radio Network Collaborative, September 30, 1995 - January 31, 1998

    SciTech Connect

    Multedo, Molly

    1998-09-30

    The Self Reliance Foundation, through its production subcontractor, Hispanic Radio Network, produced daily 1-3 minute radio capsules on science, education, and the environment. The programs were broadcast on over 100 U.S. Spanish-language radio stations from 1995-1998, reaching 2 million weekly listeners.

  13. Concert Programming: Tips from the Broadcasting Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinney, Guy

    1978-01-01

    The author explains how music broadcasters codify musical selections by mood, tempo, and instrumentation, then arrange a sequence designed to maintain audience interest with a variety of listening experiences. Similar techniques are suggested for planning school concerts. (SJL)

  14. 8 CFR 204.13 - How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How can the International Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth preference special... Broadcasting Bureau of the United States Broadcasting Board of Governors petition for a fourth...

  15. Structure of quantum and broadcasting nonlocal correlations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saha, Debashis; Pawłowski, Marcin

    2015-12-01

    The multipartite setting offers much more complexity of nonlocality than the bipartite one. We analyze the structure of tripartite nonlocal correlations by proposing inequalities satisfied by each of type bilocal, broadcasting, and quantum but violated by the other two. One of the inequalities satisfied by broadcasting correlations is generalized for multipartite systems. The study of its quantum mechanical violation reveals that Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger-like states exhibit new, powerful correlations.

  16. 47 CFR 73.4170 - Obscene broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4170 Obscene broadcasts. (a) See Miller v. California, 413 U.S.C. 15 (1973). See also Pope v. Illinois, 107 S.Ct. 1918 (1987). 18 U.S.C. 1464. (b) See Memorandum Opinion and Order, MM Docket 83-575, FCC 88-4, adopted January 12, 1988. 3 FCC Rcd 757. See...

  17. 47 CFR 73.4170 - Obscene broadcasts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.4170 Obscene broadcasts. (a) See Miller v. California, 413 U.S.C. 15 (1973). See also Pope v. Illinois, 107 S.Ct. 1918 (1987). 18 U.S.C. 1464. (b) See Memorandum Opinion and Order, MM Docket 83-575, FCC 88-4, adopted January 12, 1988. 3 FCC Rcd 757. See...

  18. Three-dimensional television: a broadcaster's perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jolly, S. J. E.; Armstrong, M.; Salmon, R. A.

    2009-02-01

    The recent resurgence of interest in the stereoscopic cinema and the increasing availability to the consumer of stereoscopic televisions and computer displays are leading broadcasters to consider, once again, the feasibility of stereoscopic broadcasting. High Definition Television is now widely deployed, and the R&D departments of broadcasters and consumer electronics manufacturers are starting to plan future enhancements to the experience of television. Improving the perception of depth via stereoscopy is a strong candidate technology. In this paper we will consider the challenges associated with the production, transmission and display of different forms of "three-dimensional" television. We will explore options available to a broadcaster wishing to start a 3D service using the technologies available at the present time, and consider how they could be improved to enable many more television programmes to be recorded and transmitted in a 3D-compatible form, paying particular attention to scenarios such as live broadcasting, where the workflows developed for the stereoscopic cinema are inapplicable. We will also consider the opportunities available for broadcasters to reach audiences with "three-dimensional" content via other media in the near future: for example, distributing content via the existing stereoscopic cinema network, or over the Internet to owners of stereoscopic computer displays.

  19. Satellite voice broadcast system study, volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Horstein, M.

    1985-01-01

    This study investigates the feasibility of providing Voice of America (VOA) broadcasts by satellite relay, rather than via terrestrial relay stations. Satellite voice broadcast systems are described for three different frequency bands: HF (26 MHz), VHF (68 MHz), and L-band (1.5 GHz). The geographical areas of interest at HF and L-band include all major land masses worldwide with the exception of the U.S., Canada, and Australia. Geostationary satellite configurations are considered for both frequency bands. In addition, a system of subsynchronous, circular satellites with an orbit period of 8 hours is developed for the HF band. VHF broadcasts, which are confined to the Soviet Union, are provied by a system of Molniya satellites. Satellites intended for HF or VHF broadcastinbg are extremely large and heavy. Satellite designs presented here are limited in size and weight to the capability of the STS/Centaur launch vehicle combination. Even so, at HF it would take 47 geostationary satellites or 20 satellites in 8-hour orbits to fully satisfy the voice-channel requirements of the broadcast schedule provided by VOA. On the other hand, three Molniya satellites suffice for the geographically restricted schedule at VHF. At L-band, only four geostationary satellites are needed to meet the requirements of the complete broadcast schedule. Moreover, these satellites are comparable in size and weight to current satellites designed for direct broadcast of video program material.

  20. Aeronautical audio broadcasting via satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tzeng, Forrest F.

    A system design for aeronautical audio broadcasting, with C-band uplink and L-band downlink, via Inmarsat space segments is presented. Near-transparent-quality compression of 5-kHz bandwidth audio at 20.5 kbit/s is achieved based on a hybrid technique employing linear predictive modeling and transform-domain residual quantization. Concatenated Reed-Solomon/convolutional codes with quadrature phase shift keying are selected for bandwidth and power efficiency. RF bandwidth at 25 kHz per channel, and a decoded bit error rate at 10(exp -6) with E(sub b)/N(sub o) at 3.75 dB are obtained. An interleaver, scrambler, modem synchronization, and frame format were designed, and frequency-division multiple access was selected over code-division multiple access. A link budget computation based on a worst-case scenario indicates sufficient system power margins. Transponder occupancy analysis for 72 audio channels demonstrates ample remaining capacity to accommodate emerging aeronautical services.

  1. Optically broadcasting wind direction indicator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zysko, Jan A. (Inventor)

    1994-01-01

    An optically broadcasting wind direction indicator generates flashes of light which are separated by a time interval that is directly proportional to the angle of the wind direction relative to a fixed direction, such as north. An angle/voltage transducer generates a voltage that is proportional to the wind direction relative to the fixed direction, and this voltage is employed by timing circuitry or a microprocessor that generates pulses for actuating a light source trigger circuit first at the start of the time interval, and then at the end of the time interval. To aid an observer in distinguishing between the beginning and end of the interval, two stop flashes can be provided in quick succession. The time scale is preferably chosen so that each second of the time interval corresponds to 30 deg of direction relative to north. In this manner, an observer can easily correlate the measured time interval to the wind direction by visualizing the numbers on a conventional clock face, each of which correspond to one second of time and 30 deg of angle.

  2. Aeronautical audio broadcasting via satellite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tzeng, Forrest F.

    1993-01-01

    A system design for aeronautical audio broadcasting, with C-band uplink and L-band downlink, via Inmarsat space segments is presented. Near-transparent-quality compression of 5-kHz bandwidth audio at 20.5 kbit/s is achieved based on a hybrid technique employing linear predictive modeling and transform-domain residual quantization. Concatenated Reed-Solomon/convolutional codes with quadrature phase shift keying are selected for bandwidth and power efficiency. RF bandwidth at 25 kHz per channel, and a decoded bit error rate at 10(exp -6) with E(sub b)/N(sub o) at 3.75 dB are obtained. An interleaver, scrambler, modem synchronization, and frame format were designed, and frequency-division multiple access was selected over code-division multiple access. A link budget computation based on a worst-case scenario indicates sufficient system power margins. Transponder occupancy analysis for 72 audio channels demonstrates ample remaining capacity to accommodate emerging aeronautical services.

  3. Optically broadcasting wind direction indicator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zysko, Jan A.

    1994-10-01

    An optically broadcasting wind direction indicator generates flashes of light which are separated by a time interval that is directly proportional to the angle of the wind direction relative to a fixed direction, such as north. An angle/voltage transducer generates a voltage that is proportional to the wind direction relative to the fixed direction, and this voltage is employed by timing circuitry or a microprocessor that generates pulses for actuating a light source trigger circuit first at the start of the time interval, and then at the end of the time interval. To aid an observer in distinguishing between the beginning and end of the interval, two stop flashes can be provided in quick succession. The time scale is preferably chosen so that each second of the time interval corresponds to 30 deg of direction relative to north. In this manner, an observer can easily correlate the measured time interval to the wind direction by visualizing the numbers on a conventional clock face, each of which correspond to one second of time and 30 deg of angle.

  4. Unterricht nach dem Funkkurs Englisch. Eine Unterrichtsstunde zur 2. Sendung des Rundfunkkurses English for you 3 (Teaching with the Radio Course in English. A Teaching Hour on the 2nd Braodcast of the Radio Course "English for You, 3")

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemmer, Ilse

    1974-01-01

    Describes an instructional hour on the second broadcast of the radio course "English for you, 3"; prerequisites, procedure, work with the tape segments, design of the exercises. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  5. A content analysis of health-related advertisements in Islamic Republic of Iran broadcasting (IRIB)

    PubMed Central

    Etemad, Koorosh; Ebrahimi, Parvin; Azimi, Hassan; Lotfi, Mansoureh; Nojomi, Marzieh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Media advertisements especially radio and TV are one of the most important and effective ways for health promotion and consumption of healthy productions worldwide. Ministry of Health and some other ministries in Iran agreed to control and restrict the advertising of unhealthy products and services. Therefore, adequate supervision and monitoring should be done in this field. A content analysis of Health-related Advertisements was done in Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) Methods: This study was a cross-sectional research and collecting of data was carried out in 2012. Ten selected TV and radio channels were recorded from 6 a.m. to 12 p.m. for two successive months in the special weekdays. Broadcasted advertisements data were extracted by the trained observers according to a checklist and analyzed using SPSS 18 software and described with descriptive statistics. Results: The percentage of different types of advertising were including 73.9% unrelated to health, 21.9% harmless health related, 2.9% less healthy, 1.3% harmful or harmful with a probability of abuse. Non-harmful to health advertisements included 95.86% of total advertisements out of ten TV and radio channels; and the remained advertisements (4.14%) were related to the harmful, less healthy foodstuff and detrimental services and products. Also, 0.8% of the advertisements were shown during children programs. Conclusion: The main findings of the current study revealed that majority of the advertisements of Islamic Republic Broadcasting were unrelated to health. It seems advertising of harmful for health in IRIB was less than 5%, and the levels of these type ads were less than the other countries. Even so, the policymakers need to pass and enforce some executive and governing law for the prevention of broadcasting unhealthy advertisements to increase the society health level and prevent the diseases resulted from unhealthy products causing the considerable damages in a long time. PMID

  6. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or multichannel multipoint distribution services. 1.4000 Section 1.4000 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND...

  7. 47 CFR 1.4000 - Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Restrictions impairing reception of television broadcast signals, direct broadcast satellite services or multichannel multipoint distribution services. 1.4000 Section 1.4000 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Preemption of Restrictions That...

  8. The 1977 WARC on broadcasting satellites - Spectrum management aspects and implications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gould, R. G.; Reinhart, E. E.

    1977-01-01

    Broadcasting satellites are allocated as a primary service in the band 11.7-12.2 GHz (11.7-12.5 GHz in Europe, Africa, and the USSR), but the band is also allocated on a primary basis (equal sharing) to other services - fixed, mobile, broadcasting, and fixed satellite. Presented with these difficult sharing situations, delegates from over 100 countries met at an ITU World Administrative Radio Conference in 1977 to develop a plan for broadcasting satellites. Many nations wanted a plan that would assign to them now, reserved orbital locations and channel asignments for their future use. Other countries wanted a plan adopted now for future broadcasting satellites which assigned specific channels to specific areas on the ground so that they could use the remaining frequencies to provide terrestrial service right away. This paper describes the 'Plan' developed at the conference and points out how the principles of spectrum management were employed. It also discusses the implications for future international management of the spectrum growing out of this meeting.

  9. Educational Radio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arafeh, Sousan

    1999-01-01

    Examines the effectiveness of the radio in education and the crucial role of the radio in distance education in first half of the 20th century; dramatic social changes in the 1960s that led to a review of educational institutions and of educational media; and the radio today as a neglected but inexpensive medium of communication that should be…

  10. Financial Statistics of CPB-Qualified Public Radio Stations: Fiscal Year 1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedone, Ronald J.; And Others

    Financial statistics for fiscal year 1970 are reported for 91 public radio stations which meet the requirements for CPB (Corporation for Public Broadcasting) general support grants. The statistics are for the aggregate United States, classified by geographic regions and types of licensees. Total income for radio operations for the fiscal year…

  11. An Experimental Study of the Effects of Radio upon the Rural Indian Audience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sitaram, Kondavagil Suryanarayana

    This study focused on whether radio increases the awareness level of the rural population in India, whether increases in awareness vary by the type of subject matter broadcast, and what the characteristics are (including media habits and community awareness) of the rural radio listeners. Ten villages in Hassan District, Mysore State, were…

  12. "Adventures in Science": Casting Scientifically Talented Youth as National Resources on American Radio, 1942-1958

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terzian, Sevan G.

    2008-01-01

    From 1942 to 1958, a national weekly programme on CBS radio and presented by Science Service, Inc. devoted 37 of its broadcasts to profiling American high school students' achievements in science talent searches, clubs and fairs. These "Adventures in Science" radio programmes cast scientifically talented youth as potential contributors to national…

  13. "A Godlike Presence": The Impact of Radio on the 1920s and 1930s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tom

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the influence of radio on the social history of the United States between the world wars. Describes early broadcast programing as a mix of culture, education, information, and some entertainment. Addresses the role of radio in the Depression and through the beginnings of World War II in Europe. (DK)

  14. Firefighters' Radios

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    Public Technology Inc. asked for NASA assistance to devise the original firefighter's radio. Good short-range radio communications are essential during a fire to coordinate hose lines, rescue victims, and otherwise increase efficiency. Useful firefighting tool is lower cost, more rugged short range two-way radio. Inductorless electronic circuit replaced inductances and coils in radio circuits with combination of transistors and other low-cost components. Substitution promises reduced circuit size and cost. Enhanced electrical performance made radio more durable and improved maintainability by incorporating modular construction.

  15. Storage format for personalized broadcasting content consumption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jin, Sung Ho; Jang, Jea-Seok; Min, Hyun-Seok; Ro, Yong Man; Kim, Hui Yong

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a storage format which binds digital broadcasts with related data such as TV-Anytime metadata, additional multimedia resources, and personal viewing history. The goal of the proposed format is to make it possible to offer personalized content consumption after recording broadcasting contents to storage devices, e.g., HD-DVD and Blu-ray Disc. To achieve that, we adopt MPEG-4 file format as a container and apply a binary format for scenes (BIFS) for representing and rendering personal viewing history. In addition, TV-Anytime metadata is used to describe broadcasts and to refer to the additional multimedia resources, e.g, images, audio clips, and short video clips. To demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed format, we introduce an application scenario and test it on that scenario.

  16. A DRM based on renewable broadcast encryption

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramkumar, Mahalingam; Memon, Nasir

    2005-07-01

    We propose an architecture for digital rights management based on a renewable, random key pre-distribution (KPD) scheme, HARPS (hashed random preloaded subsets). The proposed architecture caters for broadcast encryption by a trusted authority (TA) and by "parent" devices (devices used by vendors who manufacture compliant devices) for periodic revocation of devices. The KPD also facilitates broadcast encryption by peer devices, which permits peers to distribute content, and efficiently control access to the content encryption secret using subscription secrets. The underlying KPD also caters for broadcast authentication and mutual authentication of any two devices, irrespective of the vendors manufacturing the device, and thus provides a comprehensive solution for securing interactions between devices taking part in a DRM system.

  17. Broadcasting a message in a parallel computer

    DOEpatents

    Berg, Jeremy E.; Faraj, Ahmad A.

    2011-08-02

    Methods, systems, and products are disclosed for broadcasting a message in a parallel computer. The parallel computer includes a plurality of compute nodes connected together using a data communications network. The data communications network optimized for point to point data communications and is characterized by at least two dimensions. The compute nodes are organized into at least one operational group of compute nodes for collective parallel operations of the parallel computer. One compute node of the operational group assigned to be a logical root. Broadcasting a message in a parallel computer includes: establishing a Hamiltonian path along all of the compute nodes in at least one plane of the data communications network and in the operational group; and broadcasting, by the logical root to the remaining compute nodes, the logical root's message along the established Hamiltonian path.

  18. Prospect of satellite broadcasting in Japan

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, R.

    1982-09-01

    In 1984 The National Space Development Agency of Japan, in conjunction with the Japan Broadcasting Corporation, will launch the country's first broadcasting satellite, the BS-2. The satellite will incorporate the advances made as a result of the experimental satellite launched in 1978. BS-2 will be able to transmit two channels of color television signals; it is designed to operate for 5 yrs. The modulation of thy picture signal is FM; that of the audio signal is still under investigation. The way in which the receiving antenna can be designed and coated so as to minimize the buildup of snow is discussed. Attention is also given to ways of placing the antenna to guard against deleterious wind effects. The broadcasting services envisioned for the satellites that will succeed BS-2 are discussed.

  19. 76 FR 70904 - Commission Organization; Practice and Procedure; Radio Broadcast Services; and Experimental Radio...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-16

    ... Acquisition Regulation, 48 FR 42102, September 19, 1983. Section 0.231(e) of the Commission's rules, which... and C-1, 67 FR 76882, December 13, 2002. The amendment to Sec. 1.1851 of the Commission's rules... 102-118. See Transportation Payment and Audit, General Servs. Admin., 65 FR 24568, April 26,...

  20. Extended Attribute Constructions in German Radio Newscasts: Analysis and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wipf, Joseph

    2004-01-01

    Although a number of word-frequency lists exist in German, there is an absence of studies investigating the relative frequency with which various grammatical structures are used. Traditionally, extended modifiers have been most prevalent in written German. Based on an analysis of authentic radio news broadcasts, this article makes the case that…